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"We are at war with ignorance and disease, and 
thirst and hunger. People say behind our backs 
that we cannot win. All we know is that there can 

be no losing." 

ISAouhoussine ISJacro 
Burkina Faso, West Africa 

"Global awareness will mean more than mere 
learning, it will mean global cooperation, going 

beyond cultural narrowness to mutual sharing and respect— even 

to love. For Agnes Scott, this is a beginning." 

John Studstill 

Director of Qlohal Awareness 

Agnes Scott College 


After the Decatur delegation's 
October visit to Burkina, 
Agnes Scott welcomed a 
high-level visit froin four Burkinahe 
educational leaders in February. 

Under the auspices of the U.S. 
Information Agency, these educators 
from the University of Ouagadougou 
spent a month touring American 
educational institutions. They 
named Agnes Scott College as one of 
the first three institutions they 
wished to visit. 

Our guests were Dr. Ambroise 
Zagre, vice rector; Dr. Akry Coulibaly, 
director of the Institute of Mathe- 
matics and Physics; Dr. Moumouni 
Rambre Ouiminga, director ot the 
School ot Medicine and Public 
Health; and Ms. Maimouna Sanoko, 
librarian-in-chief. They stayed at the 
Alumnae House several days while they visited with the 
campus community. 

The 10-year-old University of Ouagadougou is 
Burkina's first and only university. At first it resembled 
the French system of education first established by 
Catholic missionaries. But now, 10 percent ot its 5,000 
students are women. Ot the 200 faculty members, now 
60 percent are Burkinabe. 

When the Sankara government came to power in 
1983, the university drew sharp criticism as a "bastion 
of elitism," and university leaders set out to prove their 
worth to a revolutionary government desperate to meet 
basic human needs in a poverty-stricken economy. Now 
the university offers a school of medicine and public 
health, an advanced agricultural research institute, and 
another institute to train professional clerical and ad- 
ministrative workers. 

As Dr. Coulibaly explained, "The faculty has realized 
the verocity of those attacks and organized seminars on 
training to give new directions and applications to the 
needs ot the country. For example, in the agricultural 

institute, agronomy had not 
emphasized research until recently. 
The math and physics departments 
could not afford to import necessary 
scientific equipment, so the secon- 
dary schools are now making scales, 
compasses and other items in the 

At first the tive-year-old medical 
school also resembled European-style 
programs in Dakar and Senegal, but 
"We are now tailoring them to meet 
the needs ot the country," said Dr. 
Ouiminga. "Our primary objective is 
to train general practitioners and 
public and community health profes- 
sionals." Under the old system, doc- 
tors were trained abroad, and re- 
turned to practice in urban medical 
centers. Now Burkina stresses health 
support for rural areas, and medical 
school graduates must serve several years in one of 
these community-built facilities." Another thrust. Dr. 
Coulibaly noted, is building schools so all children have 
a chance to learn. 

In a formal ceremony one evening. Vice Rector Zagre 
spoke on behalt ot his country: "Thanks, joy, for your 
support of a people who are struggling tor a better life." 
He described his hopes for Burkina and his boundless 
appreciation for the triendships at Agnes Scott. "We 
need cooperation between Agnes Scott and Burkina to 
improve the lot of Burkina women. Of course it is not 
easy tor us men to share power with the 'weaker sex,'" he 
said, as the audience laughed. "But no country can de- 
velop without having the participation of women, and 
that's why we attached a lot of significance to mutual 
understanding and mutual affection. 

"We'll tell Burkina people that Decatur people are 
open-minded to dialogue and have a great heart. I hope 
that the community ot heart and spirit that we share 
today is symbolic ot that community ot heart and spirit to 
which the whole ot humanity should aspire." 

—Lynn Donham 

Editor: Lynn Donham, Associate Editor: AlisaWendorpli, Editorial Assistant: Ann Bennett, Student Assistants: Sliari Ramcharan'89, 
Patricia Roy '89, Editorial Advisory Board: Dr. Ayse llga: Garden '66, Caroline McKinney Clarice '27, Laura WhitnerDorsey '35, Sandra 
Cluck, Mary Kayjarhoe'68, Margaret Mizell Lauderdale '46, Mildred Love Petty '61, Lucia Howard Si:emore '65, Elizabeth Stevenson '41, 

Dr. William H. Weber 

Copyright 1986, Agnes Scott College. Published three times a year by the Office of Publications of Agnes Scott College, Top Floor, 

Gymnasium, College Avenue, Decatur, Georgia 30030, 404/371-6315. The magazine is published for alumnae and friends of the College. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to Office of Development and Public Affairs, Agnes Scott College, Decatur, GA 30030. 


Thank you tor reprinting my Atlanta 
lournal article on the U.N. conference 
and tor your editorial comments (Fall 
m5 issue, Page 2). 

Your remarks about Mrs. Roose\-elt 
(one ot my heroines) made my point. 
The tact that delegates to international 
conferences must "represent the national 
interests of their countries" doesn't mean 
that those national interests necessarily 
conflict with international interests, 
only that even Mrs. Roosevelt, with all 
her personal influence, did not operate 
as a woman at a women's conference but 
as a U. S. Delegate and chair of the U. N . 
Commission on Human Rights, address- 
ing her appeal to the General Assembly, 
not to an ad hoc conference. 

As a White House staff member with 
some liaison duties with the State 
Department during the period prepara- 
tory to the Nairobi Conference, 1 was 
astounded at the work simply to prepare 
an agenda that was acceptable to the 
100-plus members. Each government 
had to coordinate activities of various 
agencies, which had to agree internally. 
Each set of such recommendations then 
had to be reviewed by various U.N. 
working parties and then worked into a 
document which was acceptable to all. 
My position is not against international 
efforts, simply that efforts made within 
the mainstream of the U.N. are more 
fruitful than those which try to represent 
half the world population as a special 
interest group. 

It is my generation that survived 
Nazism, established the U.N. , and 
conceived and gave life to a Declaration 
of Human Rights. I don't know how 
Dorothy Douglas proposes to achieve 
and maintain peace (which after all, can 
come about in many ways). I'd like to ask 
her, does she propose U.S. unilateral 
disarmament, unilateral nuclear dis- 
armament? Does she think the U.S. 
should ever, under any circumstances, go 
to war? 

Eliza King Paschall '38 
Atlanta, Ga. 

Continued on page 19 

Agnes Scott 
Alumnae Magazine 



Spring 1986 
Volume 64 Number 1 


One Tough Job 

Managing an embassy residence, caring for three children and 

meeting the social engagements ot a diplomat are all in a day's 

work tor Julia Cole Botihahih. By Carey Roberts 


Quest for Curriculum 

The move to a semester system offered a chance to re-examine 

the curriculum. The faculty rose to the task. 

B>' Ellen Wood Hall 


Burkina Faso & Agnes Scott 

The Global Awareness Program kindles a friendship 

with the "Land ot the upright and dignified people." 

By Gar}' Gimderson and Lynn Doiiham 


Dr. McNair 

Teacher, Historian, Advocate, Friend. 
By Man 'in B. Perry ]r. 


A Distinctive College 

It's impressive to see a girl become a 

self-possessed young woman. Professor Richard Parry tells 

why that's an everyday occurrence at Agnes Scott. 

Lifestyles ... 4 







Phillips succeeds at second career 

hen Joe Frank 
Harris took office 
as governor of 
Georgia in January 1983, 
Gracie Greer Phillips '55 
took office with him as the 
governor's executive assis- 
tant for appointments. 
That's not appointments to 
see the Governor. That's 
appointments to serve on 
the more than 200 state 
boards and commissions 
that make up an important 
part of the executive 
branch of the state 

Gov. Harris is a busi- 
nessman and runs the gov- 
ernment like a business, 
comparing his eight assis- 
tants to corporate vice- 
presidents. Gracie and the 
others, including one other 

woman who serves as press 
officer, have equal and ready 
access to the governor. 

Gracie is at home with 
poUtics and politicians. 
Her father, John Greer, 
was secretary to Gov. Ed 
Rivers and has served in 
the legislature for many 
years. Even so, if a career 
counseling expert chose a 
resume to exemplify a can- 
didate tor Most Likely to 
Succeed in a top govern- 
ment administrative posi- 
tion, Gracie's would not 
likely have been at the top 
of the list. 

She doesn't fit any stereo- 
type: over 40, no graduate 
or professional degree, last 
paid employment as a sixth- 
grade teacher in 1957. 

The eldest of six, three 
girls and three boys, she 
grew up in Lakeland, a 
small town in southeast 
Georgia. She graduated in 
a class of 50 from the local 
public high school and was 
the first person from Lake- 
land to go to Agnes Scott. 

"Because my daddy told 
me that's where 1 should 
go," she says. No second 
thoughts there. Why did 
Mr. Greer want her to go to 
Agnes Scott? No second 
thoughts there either, he 
says: "1 wanted her to have 
the best. She was a smart 

To Gracie, Agnes Scott 
is the best. "They teach 
you to think, to recognize 
problems, to focus on solu- 
tions, to organize your 
work and your thoughts. 
Coming from a small high 
school, 1 really had to work. 
1 studied most of the time." 
She majored in political 
science, but she remembers 
classes with Dr. Catherine 
Sims, Dr. George Hayes, 
and Dr. Walter Posey. She 
squeezed in some time with 
Blackfriars, but no lead 
roles. Her major activity 
was Pi Alpha Phi and debat- 
ing. "It taught me to be 
part of a team, " she says. 
"Debating makes you look 
at both sides of an issue, to 
he impersonal so you can 
disagree with someone 
while still respecting that 
person's motives. You learn 
to respect your opponent as 
an opponent." It also 
taught her to take a difficult 
situation and rise above it, 
she remembers. 

"I would get so scared I'd 
wish I'd get sick so I 
wouldn't have to get up and 

debate. It also taught me to 
listen. Much of what I do 
for the governor is listen to 
people who have good 
ideas and are interested in 
helping the state." 

With her new bachelor's 
degree in 1955, Gracie 
started an executive retail 
training program but left 
after two years to marry 
Barry Phillips, an attorney. 
One year as a sixth-grade 
teacher completed her 
"paid" work experience. 
Then for 26 years, Gracie 
had a career familiar to 
many Agnes Scott gradu- 
ates: being a homemaker 
and rearing a daughter and 
three sons. She did the 
usual things, PTA, Scouts, 
social service. Then with 
her children all over 20, 
she moved easily into a new 

An old friend of her 
husband's wanted him to 
meet another friend who 
was going to run for Gover- 
nor. So Barry and Joe Frank 
Harris had lunch and 
started forming a campaign 
committee. Gracie ended 
up volunteer fund-raiser 
and treasurer. She had to 
get used to thinking big in 
a hurry. 

"We didn't have any paid 
fund-raisers," she recalls. 
"Our ad man said we should 
start with a $IOO-a-plate 
dinner. I was shocked. I 
didn't think anybody would 
pay that. It was over- 
subscribed and a great 
success. We raised $4 

Not surprisingly, Gracie 
says she has been lucky. 
"My daddy always encour- 
aged me, and my husband 

14 SPRING 1986 


has been supportive. Work- 
ing in the campaign, Go\'- 
ernor Harris and ! got 
along. When he asked me 
to take this job, I was de- 
lighted. It's an important 
job. All these boards and 
commissions give a lot ot 
people a chance to take 
part in their government. 
I'm working for someone 
whom I respect and trust. 
We work closely with the 
legislature, and when I 
make contact on behalt of 
the governor, I don't ha\'e 
to worry that he might tell 
me one thing arid give 
somebody else a different 
answer. We lobby for his 
program, and I think we 
should. I believe in his 

"But here is a Southern 
politician, a businessman 
who prides himself on run- 
ning the government like a 
business. Not the governor 
one might expect to ap- 
point a woman to that job. 
Why do you think he 
selected you?" I asked 
Gracie. "I could ask him, 
or why don't you ask him.'" 
she replied. 

I did just that. "When 
you build an organization," 
Gov. Harris said, "you look 
to surrciund yourself with 
people — women or men — 
with special qualities for 
specific jobs. [Gender] 
doesn't have anything to 
do with it. Gracie had 
proved herself in the cam- 
paign as someone who 
could accept an obligation 
and fulfill it, she's 
thorough, hardworking, 
dedicated. We work as a 
team here, and she's a good 
team member. She likes 

people, and she's my 

I asked Go\-. Harris if he 
has any advice to other 
Agnes Scott women who 
want to have a successful 
career. "Do what you're 
comfortable in, and do 
your best. Your talents are 
unlimited, and they're 
going to be recognized if 

you're willing to appl>' 
yourself and work hard. 
There's still no substitute 
for hard work." 

Gracie Phillips' career 
proves that predicting 
career and career success is 
still an art, not a science. 
Every situation is different, 
but she is proof that a 
woman over 40 can succeed 

in a new career, without a 
graduate degree, without a 
lot of paid work experience. 
Being able to think clearly 
and organize your work, 
liking people and doing 
your best, are skills that 
transfer from the campus to 
the home to the office. And 
it happens in the South. 
-Eliza King Paschall '38 

Becky Johnson Bisher and brother custom-design locomotives 

' even years ago, when 
, she was a wee lass of 
22, Becky Johnson 
Bisher '78 of Mahleton, Ga. , 
and her younger brother 
went into the business of 
remanufacturing old diesel- 
electric railroad switching 
engines. Now the tired be- 
hemoths come to her shop 
from as far north as \4inne- 
sota and as far west as Utah. 
For somewhere between 
$190,000 and $300,000, 

she will jerk out one of the 
1,200-horsepower engines, 
replace it with a 600-horse- 
power diesel, slap on 40 
tons of ballast and give you 
back a machine that can 
push more than 100 rail- 
road cars, each of which 
weighs more than 100 tons 
when loaded. 

"We are in the business 
of custom-designing loco- 
motives," she said. "We 
do all kinds of work, in- 

cluding remote-controlled 

Mrs. Bisher, who is gen- 
eral manager of Chattahoo- 
chee Locomotive Company, 
is a third-generation rail- 
roader. The sociology 
major says railroading 
"kinda gets in your blood." 
— Mary Ellen Pettigrew 

This article appeared in the 
May 13, 1984, Atlanta 
Weekly Magazine. 



Jackson teaches from life's experiences 

iever get in a car with 
Miriam Jackson '49 
and expect to go 
anywhere directly. Miriam 
has a passion for side 
streets, cheap gas, odd 
shops and offbeat places. 

I discovered this the 
summer of 1980 when we 
took "Indians for Teachers" 
at University of North 
Carolina at Charlotte. We 
had taught together for two 
years at Oaklawn Elemen- 
tary School, and I had no 
reason to suspect that this 
motherly, down-to-earth 
person was anything but 
the kind, sensible teacher 
she appeared to be. The 
fact that she had five 
children and had cele- 
brated her 25 th wedding 
anniversary added to that 

1 began to see the real 
Miriam on our trips to 

UNCC. Once, we made a 
death-defying U-turn in 
the middle of the highway 
to visit a place called "The 
Pot Roost." Miriam signed 
up for a course in French 
cookery and I bought a bag 
of nutmegs. Other side 
trips included a used jeans 
sale, visits to a day-old 
bakery and a sudden, in- 
spired foray into Hickory 
House tor several pounds of 
barbecue that made a quick 
dinner for Miriam's large 

That was just the tip of 
the iceberg. At the end ot 
the Indian course, I learned 
that Miriam had decided to 
fulfill a longtime dream to 
work at Woods Hole, 
Mass., an international 
center for marine study and 
summer home to many of 
the world's famous scien- 
tists. A 1949 graduate of 
Agnes Scott with a major 

in science, Miriam had 
been impressed by her 
college mentor's descrip- 
tion ot Woods Hole. 
Miriam had called Woods 
Hole earlier in the spring 
and found the classes fill up 
a year in advance. In typi- 
cal Miriam fashion, she 
persisted, discovered that a 
science school tor children 
6 to 16 convened at Woods 
Hole every summer. She 
proceeded to get herself 
hired as a parent helper 
and field trip driver. 

For a month Miriam 
lived in Woods Hole, alone 
in an old barn that had 
been converted into apart- 
ments. She audited adult 
classes, watched scientists 
at work and drove children 
on field trips to parts of the 
island where no one else 
was allowed. Miriam re- 
turned to Woods Hole for 
three summers. 

Back from Woods Hole, 
Miriam didn't relax. She, 
husband Mack and chil- 
dren packed the family 
station wagon and left for a 
camping trip west. 

My picture of Miriam 
was becoming clearer. The 
horned-rimmed glasses, 
the wrap-around skirt, the 
tlat Weejun sandals were 
all a disguise. Miriam was 
really Christopher Colum- 
bus. As I got to know her 
better, I discovered that 
she had taught in Japan a 
year, visited Mexico, lived 
in both Denmark and 
Korea as part ot the Friend- 
ship Force, toured Europe 
with her church choir and 
even titted in a trip to the 
Kentucky Derby with a 
daughter who loves horses. 

But how does all this 
adventuring manifest itself 
in teaching? How does 
Christopher Columbus 
operate in a fourth-grade 
classroom at Burns Elemen- 
tary School ? 

Jenna Waters, a former 
student, remembers a trip 
to Old Salem and Miriam's 
ability to make the past 
vivid: "We could under- 
stand how it was to live 
back then. " She remembers 
experiments with reflec- 
tions and "magic tricks 
with light" when they were 
studying the sun. 

Another student. Chuck 
Martin, recalls, "She was 
always sure nobody got in a 
lotta trouble. She made 
sure that people didn't hit 
back. She brought special 
people to class — Mrs. 
Goodnight, Mrs. Burkowitz. 
They talked about how I 
could keep control ot my- 
self. I got four certificates 
for being good all day." 

16 SPRING 1986 


When Miriam, herself, 
thinks ot good days in her 
class, she recalls the special 
visitors. She once asked a 
Wind friend to discuss sight- 
lessness — cooking without 
hurning oneself, dressing 
hy feeling the texture and 
heat of materials. Another 
time, she invited a man 
paralyzed from the neck 
down to demonstrate how 
he paints pottery and can- 
vases with a brush held in 
his mouth. 

As Miriam reviews the 
good things that have gone 
on in her class, as former 
students remember their 
lessons, a pattern in 
Miriam's teaching begins 
to emerge. 

She is an explorer, a 
pursuer of much there is to 
know and see and do and 
think. But the end result in 
the classroom has less to do 
with travel and more to do 
with the many ways of 
seeing and experiencing 
life. Inherent in many of 
her lessons is a respect for 
differences, the variousness 
of life and great possibilities 
it offers. Miriam yearns to 
see the Taj Mahal, but 
loves exploring a shop full 
of kitchen accessories. She 
has traveled and lived all 
over the world, but still, 
and perhaps because of 
that, she knows how special 
it is that Chuck Martin has 
been good all day for four 
days straight. —Margaret 

Reprinted with permission 
from The Charlotte 

Dabbling in real estate becomes full-time job after college 

Lori Spencer '85 ran her 
college housing busi- 
ness out ot her bed- 
room. Nowadays, she looks 
tor property with a chance 
ot going commercial. 

When Lori Spencer was 
in her last year at Agnes 
Scott she pooled resources 
with her brothers, Todd 
and Craig, tor a down pa\- 
ment on a house for the 
three ot them to share. 
Each contributed about 
$2,000 from savings and 
small legacies from their 
mother, who died two years 

Once they moved in, 
they quickly saw the poten- 
tial for profit in student 
housing. So, they sought 
their father's backing to 
buy five other houses, most 
of them near Emory, where 
Todd is in medical school. 
They began renting rooms 
to students and plowing 
the profits back into the 
purchase ot other proper- 
ties. T^dd and Craig, a 
tirst-year law student at 
Georgia State, are responsi- 
ble for upkeep; Lori is in 
charge ot purchasing new 
properties and renting out 

the old. 

She has tried to purchase 
houses in areas that are 
likely to go commercial 
within a few years to 
maximize their resale po- 
tential. "We're not trying 
to make big bucks now," 
she says. "We're just trying 
to cover our costs and have 
money left over for mainte- 
nance. But one day it 
should pay off." — Ginny 

Reprinted with permission 
from Georgia Trend 
Magazine, Copyright 1985. 




Representing Lebanon is a 
complex and delicate task 

for Julia Bouhabib and 
her ambassador husband. 

By Carey Roberts '57 

Carey Roberts is co-author with 
Rebecca Seely 0/ Tidewater Dynasty 
(Harcourt, Brace, Janovich), abio- 
^aphical novel of the Lees of Stratford 
Hall. She lives in Potomac, Md. , with 
her husband and four children. 

She is the mistress of an embassy 
he^me with a household staff of 
five. She and her husband enter- 
tain or attend social engagements in 
the District almost every night of the 
week, and that's not to mention her 
own schedule of morning coffees, 
luncheons and afternoon teas. But 
what may seem to be a fairy-tale lite 
carries its own particular kind of 
responsibilities. And no one is more 
aware than Julia Cole Bouhabib 72, 
wife of the Ambassador of Lebanon 
to the United States, of the oppor- 
tunities and the importance of her 

"Serving in the diplomatic arena, 
particularly in Washington, D.C. , 
involves teamwork for husbands and 
wives," says Julie in her serene, soft- 
spoken way. "In this city, more so 
than any other capital in the world, 
social life is business. Ambassadors, 
administration leaders, state depart- 
ment officials, members of Congress 
and high-level Pentagon officers do a 
lot of connecting at social events. It 
is in the social milieu that impres- 
sions are made, information is ex- 
changed, and business informally 

Wives of diplomats play an integral 
part in the constant stream of dinner 
parties, balls and benefits in Washing- 
ton that require planning and organi- 
zation, she says. For the most part, 
they arrange these events, explains 
Julie, "through their graciousness 
and hospitality, they and their hus- 
bands represent their countries." But 
not without some sacrifices. 

"I have seen diplomatic wives 
arrive in Washington having left 
careers of their own in their native 
countries. Perhaps these women were 
doctors or professors or lawyers. But 
they soon learn that it they want to 
see their husbands do a good job in 
Washington, diplomatic service will 
be a full-time job for them also. As 
far as I can see, they all do it 

Political lite is still relatively new 

to Julie. In January 1983 her husband, 
Ahdallah R. Bouhabib, was appointed 
ambassador to the United States. In 
June of that year, the Bouhabibs 
moved into the stately, white-stucco 
Lebanese embassy in Washington's 
affluent northwest section. 

"In the first week," recalls Julie, 
"we held two large parties, and 1 still 
wasn't even sure where all the forks 
were. I remember one terrible after- 
noon when I misplaced the key to the 
wine cellar and found it only a few 
minutes before the guests arrived." 
She managed to find a tine Lebanese 
cook in Washington who not only 
helped with those first parties but 
soon became a permanent part of her 
staff, along with two drivers and two 
housekeepers who also help with the 
Bouhabib's three children. 

Her days go by in a curious blend of 
public and private life. Julie voiced 
concern for her children who, she 
admits, had some real adjustments 
to make to diplomatic lite. The 
Bouhabibs were living a quiet subur- 
ban life in Potomac, Md., when 
economist Ahdallah Bouhabib was 
appointed to the ambassadorship. 
Julie was a full-time mother. "There 
are two worlds in Washington," says 
Julie, "one is normal life, such as in 
any city. The other is the diplomatic 
world. It is a drastic change tor a 
young family to make." 

Now, the 9-year-old twins and 
their 5 -year-old sister are chauffeured 
to the French International School. 
There, they are taught one day in 
French, the next day in English. 
They have a special motivation to be 
bilingual since all of their Lebanese 
family speaks French. At three when 
they return from school they have 
their big meal of the day, and Julie 
sets aside time to be involved in their 
after-school activities. The whole 
family is often together for a short 
time late in the afternoon, but there 
are few casual, relaxed family meals. 

"The first year was very hard on 
the children, especially the baby. 

18 SPRING 1986 

'^^^i^^s^^-^^^^^ ^^- 

The Bouhahibs: ]uUa, Ahdalluh, 5-\t;ar-olti 
hlada. and the 9 -year-old twms, Amal (left) and 

Julia Cole Bouhabih 

who was onlv 3," Julie remembers. "1 
didn't know then w hieh invitations 1 
could refuse and which I should ac- 
cept, so I accepted everythinf;. The 
second year I did much better, and 
they see much more ot me af;;ain." 
She says she does not worry unduly 
about her children's safety but takes 
the necessary precautions: Someone 
is always with the children. 

"The children," she adds, "have 
given us some ot our funnier diplo- 
matic moments." When President 
Gemayel and his wife visited the 
United States in the summer of '83, 
the Bouhahibs were just settled into 
the embassy. "We held a very formal 
state dinner here at the embassy and 
had the children, dressed in their 
very best, brought down during the 
reception hour to meet the president. 
The trouble was they weren't used to 
being introduced and then sent 
away — they wouldn't leave!" She 
finally got them upstairs, but then, 
"when we were all seated in the din- 
ing room, black tie, evening dresses, 
all very elegant — here they were 
again, in their pajamas, to say good- 

"Since the Lebanese chancery 
backs ontci the embassy grounds, my 
husband often brings guests home for 
lunch. One of the responsibilities of 
an ambassador's wife is to make cer- 
tain the embassy is always ready for 
company, that food and drink are 
plentiful — and that the ambassador's 
wife looks presentable! It may sound 
as though I have a lot of help in doing 
that, but the truth is 1 am extremely 
busy," points out Julie. As busy as any 
executive, she schedules her own 
appointments and manages five staff 
members, three children and an 
aging house. "For example, I am 
required to have three estimates for 
any household repair and this house 
was built as a private residence in the 
X '40s — there is always something that 
I needs doing!" 

J She has recently redecorated the 
f^ embassy's main rooms in soft shades 
£ of aquamarine highlighted with deep 


crimson silk. Private donations pro- 
vided the funds. The rooms display 
paintings hy Lebanese artists, includ- 
ing colorful landscapes. The collec- 
tion of silver-framed pictures on the 
hahy grand piano includes one of 
Lebanese President Amin Gemayal 
and Ambassador Ahdallah Bouhabih 
at a 1983 meeting with President 
Reagan at the White House. Another 
pictures Abdallah, Julie and their 
three children, and there is also a 
picture ot Julie laughing with Nancy 

While seeing that her children 
have a happy secure childhood is an 
important private concern for Julie, 
her overriding public concern is to 
help her husband represent Lebanon 
to the United States government and 
to the officials of other governments 
in Washington. To gain poise and to 
prepare herself tor limelight occasions, 
Julie Bouhabih recently completed 
a public speaking course offered 
through the Capitol Speakers Club, 
'i haven't been called on to give a 
speech yet, "she laughs, "but I think! 
am ready now. " 

For the past decade this small 

country has been torn by 

constant war. . . brutal 

internal struggles. 

Representing Lebanon is a com- 
plex and delicate task since Lebanon 
is a nation in a perpetual state of 
crisis. An ancient land with a history 
that can be documented to 5000 
B.C. , Lebanon is a rugged mountain- 
ous country with 130 miles of 
coastline along the Mediterranean. 
Lebanon's famous seaport cities — 
Byblos, Sidon and Tyre — served as 
important trade centers in the time 
of the Phoenicians. Its people are 
farmers and traders; there is little to 

Like Syria, its powerful neighbor 
to the north and east, Lebanon was 

part ot the Ottoman empire trom the 
1500s until 1918 when this land fell 
under French mandate. In 1943, 
Lebanon became a tuUy independent 
republic with a written constitution 
based on the classical separation of 
powers — a president, a single 
chamber elected by universal adult 
suffrage which includes educated 
women, and an independent 

Lebanon's political lite depends on 
a peculiar religious balance. Under 
an unwritten national convenant 
(the National Pact), deputies to the 
chamber are elected according to the 
confessional distribution ot the popu- 
lation so that each Christian or 
Moslem sect has representatives in 
proportion to its size. The president 
is always a Maronite Christian, the 
prime minister a Sunni Moslem, and 
the speaker of the chamber, a Shi a 

For the past decade, this small 
country only four-fitths the size of 
Connecticut, has been torn by con- 
stant war, its cities and countryside 
the setting for brutal internal strug- 
gles tor power between Moslems and 
Christians and regional wars between 
Israelis, Syrians, Palestinians, and 
others such as Libyans and Iranians. 
Christians make up almost halt the 
population and have dominated 
national affairs since 1943; however, 
Lebanon is an Arab country, a 
member ot the Arab League, and the 
struggle to obtain national domi- 
nance between varying Moslem sects 
is fierce. 

It is a problem complicated by 
external forces. 

In the 1940s, Lebanon accepted 
into its borders some 250,000 Pales- 
tinian refugees. Since the 1967 Arab- 
Israeli war, the armed Palestinian 
resistance fighters have collided with 
Israel to the south, producing a con- 
tinuous state of war in Southern 
Lebanon and the border country. 
Israeli invasion and occupation of 
Southern Lebanon followed and the 
eventual intervention by U.S. forces 

as well as the Arab Deterrent Force 
and U.N. peacekeeping forces. 
Israel's decision to withdraw, how- 
ever, created power vacuums that 
Christians and Moslems are battling 
to fill with the aid of Lebanon's pow- 
erful neighboring countries, who 
have vested interests in seeing that 
the "right" faction eventually takes 

"It may seem that the struggles in 
Lebanon are religious," says Julie, 
"but the real struggle is for regional 
supremacy. " Lebanon is unquestiona- 
bly a vital piece in the mid-East land 

In September 1982, Amin Gemayel 
was elected president ot the Republic. 
He is the son ot the late Sheik Pierre 
Gemayel who founded the Phalange 
party and the brother ot Bashir 
Gemayel, who, before his assassina- 
tion was the leader of the Lebanese 
forces. Amin Gemayel is, ot course, a 
Maronite Christian. (Maronites are 
Christians affiliated with the Roman 
Catholic Church. They inhabited 
Lebanon before the Moslems invaded 
in the 7th century. ) 

To select someone to till the sensi- 
tive position ot ambassador to the 
United States, the newly elected 
president turned to his Maronite 
Christian friend and political sup- 
porter, 41 -year-old Abdallah 
Bouhabih, then a senior loan officer 
with the World Bank. 

Ambassador Abdallah Bouhabib 
was born and reared in a small moun- 
tain town called Roumieh some 10 
miles northeast ot Beirut. He was 
educated in Arabic and English by 
British Quakers and received his 
B. A. trom the American University 
ot Beirut and his Ph. D. in economics 
from Vanderbilt University in Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

It was at Vanderbilt in the fall of 
1970 that he met Julia Cole, a recent 
transfer student from Agnes Scott. 
"A blind date for homecoming week- 
end arranged by a mutual triend," 

110 SPRING 1986 

recalls Julie. "1 liked Abdallah im- 
mediately because he seemed to be 
interested in bigger things than just 
college lite. He was then and still is a 
dynamic man who always sees the big 
picture. At first, we were just friends. 
I remember our sitting under a tree 
on the Vanderbilt campus that tall 
wondering where we would each be 
in 10 years. We didn't imagine that 
we would he together. " 

At that time, Julie had in mind a 
career in microbiology and medical 
research. It was the only reason she 
had transferred from Agnes Scott. "1 
had been very happy at Agnes Scott," 
she says. "I loved the closeness of the 
girls and the personal in\'olvement 
with professors. I was a biology major 
and was influenced strongly by 
Josephine Bridgeman. Dr. Margaret 
Pepperdene, my English professor. 

taught me how to think creatively. 
Those were really happy years for me. 
The transfer was made simply be- 
cause I needed a college closely re- 
lated to a medical facility." 

"The Lebanese people are 

highly literate and very 

compassionate. They are 

suffering badly." 

After her graduation, Julie worked 
for several years in the department of 
pharmacology and biochemistry at 
Vanderbilt. In June 1974, she married 
Abdallah Bouhabib. "There were no 
cultural adjustments to make in our 
marriage," she savs, "I grew up in a 
family-oriented, conservative envi- 
ronment in Aiken, S.C. , and the 
Lebanese are just that — family- 

oriented, warm, generous. Of course, 
1 have learned to cook Lebanese 
dishes — which are complicated, but 
delicious — made with lots o\ onions, 
garlic, cracked wheat, parslc\, oliw 
oil. Tasty and very nutritioLis. And, 1 
ha\'e learned to speak some Arabic so 
that 1 can talk with m\ mothcr-ui-law 
about the children." 

Julie is dewited to her adopted 
country. "In spite of a decade of war, 
Lebanon remains a beautiful country 
with white walled, red-roofed vil- 
lages that make one think of Italy. Its 
summers are long and rainless. 

"The Lebanese people are highly 
literate and very compassionate," she 
explains. "They are suffering badly; 
the currency is weak and economic 
conditions are critical. My husband 
and I are, of course, strong supporters 
of Amin Gemayel's government. We 
belie\-e in Gemayel. He wants to rid 
the country of outside influences, to 
make all Lebanese feel represented in 
the government. Lebanon for the 
Lebanese! That is what Amin 
Gemayel believes in. Nothing else 
comes first." 

Julie Cole Bouhabib has no idea 
how long she and her husband will be 
in Washington. Her focus now is on 
raising her children and being a 
partner with her husband in repre- 
senting Lebanon. 

A gracious diplomat in her own 
right, she is quick to express her 
admiration for the American State 
Department officers and their wives 
with whom she and her husband 
work so closely. "The top officials 
and the professionals here in Wash- 
ington — the 'desk people' who stay 
current on Lebanon and the affairs of 
the mid-East — as v\'ell as the State 
Department's Office of Protocol, are 
there to ease every social situation. 
These are mar\'elous people," she 
says with sincerity. "I don't think 
everyone realizes it. These are won- 
derful representati\'es of America, 
the best this country has to offer." 



When a faculty decides to change a curriculum, almost 
instinctively they realize that they are striking at 
the heart of that which each of them values most, 

By Ellen Wood Hall '67 
Deon of the College 

Change. "Everything seems to be changing so fast." We hear those 
words rather often on the Agnes Scott campus these days. That 
is not to say that "things" are not different in one way or another. 
The buildings are being transformed. There are new faces on campus 
among the wonderful familiar ones. And yes, the calendar will be different 
next year. The semester calendar will provide students and faculty with 
two long periods of time rather than three short periods to work together 
on that extraordinary and slightly mystical activity known as the 
teaching' learning process. 1 believe they will discover that, even though 
they are busy, they will feel more relaxed under the semester system. 
Furthermore, freshmen (as well as those of the other classes who choose 
to do so) who begin their study for their degree this fall will do so under 
a new scheme of basic requirements designed to assure their competence 
in basic skills, their exposure to a choice of broad areas of subject matter, 
and their expertise in a chosen major. 

112 SPRING 1986 

As a relative newcomer to the 
Agnes Scott community, even 
though I experienced Agnes Scott as 
a student nearly 20 years ago, 1 find 
that numerous thoughts crowd my 
mind as I contemplate how to give 
other alumnae and triends oi the 
College my impressions ot how we at 
the College — faculty, administra- 
tors, and trustees — view changes 
already underway and those planned 
in the academic program. 1 am im- 
mediately reminded of an adage in 
French, "Plus ^a change, plus c'est la 
meme chose." Roughly translated, 
the saying suggests, "the more things 
change, the more they stay the 
same." The French person who 
coined this adage had, 1 believe, a 
healthy sense of Gallic cynicism. 

As applied to Agnes Scott, how- 
ever, this proverb assumes a decidedly 
positive tone. All of us involved with 
the various changes are committed 
to preserve the institution, to ofter 
the best liberal education for women 
"under auspices distinctly favorable 
to the maintenance ot the faith and 
the practice ot the Christian reli- 
gion." Fiowever, a college must be a 
function oi its time and its place in 
order to offer the best possible educa- 
tion to its current students. It is 
inevitable that Agnes Scott will 
change, but those changes will be 
designed around the constant center. 

Important to the process was 

the spirit in which the 

Steering Committee decided 

to work. 

A few other thoughts from my 
perspective are in order before I re- 
count the process we have gone 
through since Jan. 4, 1985. In early 
1984 I became a candidate for dean 
of the college; I remember being 
rather surprised that the curriculum 
and academic program which I had 

taken as a student in 1963-67 were 
much as I remembered them. Though 
pleased to see continuity, I wondered 
how the faculty had regarded the 
academic program during that time. 
I learned that new ideas were indeed 
being considered. 

As part of the 1982-84 self-study 
and evaluation process which led to 
reaccreditation by the Southern 
Association of Colleges and Schools, 
the visiting team determined that 
Agnes Scott needed a solid academic 
plan. Furthermore, the faculty had 
planned to vote in October 1984 on 
whether to change to the semester 
system. The vote was actually taken 
Jan. 4, 1985. At that time, the fac- 
ulty voted overwhelmingly (41-18) 
to recommend to the president "that 
the College adopt, beginning in the 
academic year 1986-87, the early 
semester variable hour calendar." 

President Schmidt accepted the 
recommendation immediately, and a 
new opportunity presented itself. 
The faculty realized that they could 
use this change to review and renew 

Dean Ellen Wood Hall '67 

the curriculum, a clear first step 
toward the needed academic plan. 

The faculty's process to convert to 
a new calendar and to a new system 
of basic curricular requirements 
began with the recommendation by 
the Faculty Executive Committee 
that the president establish the Ad 
Hoc Semester System Steering Com- 
mittee. The president acted upon 
this recommendation and the faculty 
members ot the Semester System 
Steering Committee were elected by 
the faculty on Feb. 8, 1985. On Nov. 
8, 1985, the faculty voted to put in 
place a new curriculum ot basic re- 
quirements. The rigorous and care- 
tully wrought process, completed 
within only eight months, is a credit 
to the Agnes Scott faculty. Most 
taculties take between two and live 
years to complete a review and to 
institute curricular revisions. 

The Semester System Steering 
Committee members were Professors 


David Behan, philosophy (Chair); 
Penelope Campbell, history; Kwai 
Chang, Bible and religion; Katharine 
Kennedy, history; and Patricia Pinka, 
English. Ex-ofticio members ot the 
committee were Ellen W. Hall, dean 
of the College, and the president ot 
the Student Government Associa- 
tion. During the spring ot 1985, 
Professor Chang requested, for 
health reasons, that he be relieved of 
his duties. Professor Harry Wistrand, 
biology, took his place. At the end of 
the academic year. Professors 
Campbell and Pinka left the commit- 
tee and were replaced in the fall by 
Protessors Art Bowling, physics, and 
Miriam Drucker, psychology. 

Each of the faculty members of the 
Semester System Steering Commit- 
tee, except the chair, in turn chaired 
a sub-committee which was to deal 
with a specific part ot the transition: 
recommendations to the faculty 
about distribution requirements and 
curricular coherence; graduation 
requirements, major and departmen- 
tal requirements; recommendations 
to the administration on the semester 
calendar and the daily schedule; and 
faculty workload. 

One of the most important aspects 
of the process was the spirit in which 
the Steering Committee decided to 
work from the outset. Agreeing to 
keep the purpose ot the College 
foremost in our minds, we considered 
the educational program as a whole 
rather than piecemeal. 

With the calendar change 

faculty recognized an 

opportunity to evaluate the 

academic program. 

It was important to balance our 
thinking between this opportunity to 
review and to change and the appreci- 
ation of our traditional strengths. We 
saw this as a continuing process and 

wanted frequent consultation among 
taculty, and between students and 
faculty, since we would all be affected 
by the changes. We acknowledged 
choice as an essential element in 
liberal education. We regarded tac- 
ulty advising as a way to guide choice, 
rather than to enforce rules. 

We began Feb. 15, 1985; subcom- 
mittees tackled many tasks simul- 
taneously. Our first goal was to 
structure the early semester calendar 
for 1986-87. The subcommittee 
made the recommendation to the 
president and the calendar was in 
place by March 1985. The pattern tor 
this calendar, the most prevalent 
academic calendar in the United 
States, is to begin classes in late 
August and to complete examina- 
tions before the Christmas holidays. 
Classes begin again just after the 
middle ot January; graduation takes 
place in mid-May. 

As mentioned above, the taculty 
took another bold step, one which is 
often deterred when a college 
changes its calendar. More often 
than not, a college will decide merely 
to map its existing academic program 
onto a new calendar, and to defer 
more substantive curricular changes 
until a later time. In early discussions 
the faculty had recognized that 
changing to the semester calendar 
presented an opportunity to evaluate 
the academic program. The taculty 
soon agreed that some changes were 
in order. 

The subcommittee in charge, and 
the Steering Committee in turn, 
began to look at the system of require- 
ments designated as "distribution 
requirements" in the 1983-85 
catalog. Those requirements were 
already in line with the curriculum 
restorations occurring nationally. 
An article in The New York Times on 
March 10, 1985, titled "Wave of 
Curriculum Change Sweeping Amer- 
ican Colleges," discussed the na- 
tional "back to basics" movement, 

the restoration ot "distribution re- 
quirements," and "themes in cur- 
riculum." Agnes Scott faculty and 
administrators attended national 
meetings in the spring of 1985 to 
discuss reports by the American Asso- 
ciation ot Colleges, the National 
Institute of Education and the Na- 
tional Endowment for the Humani- 
ties which decried the state of aca- 
demic programs nationally. Agnes 
Scott did not need to "go back" to 
basics. We'd never left. We had a 
different task. 

I believe today's student 

takes possession of her 

education and her life so as to 

reach her potential. 

Our faculty wanted to refocus the 
requirements to serve the Agnes 
Scott student living in today's na- 
tional climate. In both their advising 
and their teaching capacities, faculty 
noticed that students voiced more 
than the usual number oi complaints 
about "getting the requirements out 
ot the way." Limited choices in their 
tirst two years disgruntled students. It 
a student entered the College with- 
out advanced standing in one or 
more subjects, nearly half of her first 
two years' program was required. 

Agnes Scott students, as a group, 
have maintained certain basic 
characteristics over the years. They 
are bright and conscientious. They 
are ready to assume responsibility, 
and they want to think indepen- 
dently. They have enormous poten- 
tial. I was heartened both in my 
interview, and as I have worked here, 
to discover that in this respect, things 
are indeed the same. 

I would argue that today, since 
there are more choices for women's 
lives, and since the information glut 

114 SPRING 1986 

ot the media otten presents conflict' 
ing views on life's goals, educators 
have a special responsibility to help 
students learn to choose. The na- 
tional press on higher education 
devotes much coverage to the ra- 
tionale tor and the methodology ot 
teaching critical thinking. But 1 
believe we need to go a step further at 
Agnes Scott. 

From earliest times, our catalogs 
have emphasized the importance of 
students' own choice in their aca- 
demic programs. We must continue 
the tradition. From the day they 
choose Agnes Scott, students need 
opportunities to choose how Agnes 
Scott will educate them. We must 
give them tools with which to work, 
we must introduce them to broad 
areas of knowledge, and we must 
teach them how to delve deeply into 
at least one field. We must also give 
them strong and thoughtful guidance 
in making their own choices within 
these broad parameters. In this way, 1 
believe, today's student takes posses- 
sion of her education and her life in a 
way which will enable her to reach 
her potential. 

The semester committees and the 
faculty approached changes in the 
requirements in this spirit. An 
overhaul of the entire system of re- 
quirements was not necessary, but 
reconceptualiiation seemed to be. 

The committee first addressed the 
conceptualization of categories. They 
settled upon three standards for the 
new set ot requirements: Specific, 
Distributional and Depth. The Specific 
Standards insure a student's compe- 
tence in specific skills necessary to 
prepare her to have a successful col- 
lege career. Distributional Standards 
introduce a student to the ways of 

thinking arid to the subject matter oi 
broad areas ot human inquiry. The 
purpose here is introduction to rather 
than coverage of a subject area. A 
student satisfies these standards by 
completing courses designated to the 
distributional areas. Through the 
Depth Standard, a student develops a 
command of a particular subject 
matter by completing a major pro- 

How does a faculty proceed to 
change a curriculum? How do nearly 
70 very intelligent, highly educated, 
independent persons reach consensus 
on a basic curriculum for an institu- 
tion? After all, they were appointed 
to teach here because of their exper- 
tise in specific subjects which they 
hold dear. When a faculty decides to 
change a curriculum, almost instinc- 
tively they realize that they are strik- 
ing at the heart of that which each of 
them values most. And, as in high 
quality institutions nationally, Agnes 
Scott trustees delegate the responsi- 
bility for the curriculum to the facul- 
ty. The faculty, under the authority 
of the board, holds the curriculum in 
trust, just as the trustees hold the 
institution in trust. 

The faculty process is dialectical. 
Discussion and argumentation, otten 
heated, are pivotal. There was lively 
discussion leading to the establish- 
ment of the pattern of specific and 
distributional standards. This pattern 
set the framework for the basic com- 
ponents. The components involve 
specific departments and actual 
courses which are especially dear to 
faculty hearts. Although all faculty 
agreed that students need to acquire 
a balanced introduction to Agnes 
Scott's program of study, their opin- 
ions varied on what constitutes 

Throughout the spring of 1985, the 
Semester System Steering Commit- 
tee made suggestions and presented 
proposals to the faculty. They were 
discussed throughout April and May 
at faculty meetings; straw ballots 
were taken to discover clear faculty 
mandates. Finally, at the June 1, 
1985, faculty meeting (the last of the 
academic year), the Semester System 
Steering Committee moved that the 
faculty adopt a "compromise, skeletal 
curriculum structure as the first build- 
ing block of a curriculum which will 
continue to be developed throughout 

Associate Professor of Art Terry McGehee, left, 
and Carolyn Conley '85 discuss figure-drawing 
technique in a life-study charcoal rertdering. 


the fall and winter quarters of 1985- 
86." It also moved that the faculty 
continue to consider certain "impor- 
tant issues during the first two quar- 
ters of 1985-86 and that as a result of 
these discussions, additions and 
modifications he made to the skeletal 

curriculum " 

The June 1 skeletal curriculum 
estahlished that, unless exempted, 
students must complete specific 
standards as follows: two semester 
courses in English composition and 
reading, one semester course in 
mathematics, the intermediate level 
of a foreign language, and two semes- 
ter courses in physical education. 
The distributional standards were in 
the humanities and fine arts: one 
semester course in literature in the 
language of its composition, one 
semester course in historical studies, 
one semester course in religious and 
philosophical thought, and one 
semester course in fine arts. In natu- 
ral science, one semester course with 

Faculty put student and 

college concerns before their 

own ardent desires to teach 

their subject. 

a laboratory section is required, and 
in social science, the requirement is 
one semester course. Although this 
general pattern of requirements had 
significance, June 1 curriculum was 
not the final version. 

Eleven issues were left open for 
further planning: 
1. The following issues regarding 
physical education: 

a. The amount ofcredit earned by 
one physical education course 

b. Whether grades in physical 
education will be calculated in a 
student's grade point average 

c. The number of semester- hour 
credits earned in physical educa- 
tion which will apply toward the 

total number of semester- hours 
required for graduation 

2. Whether there should be a specific 
biblical literature standard, a specific 
religion standard, or a distributional 
standard in these areas 

3. Whether the specific standard in 
foreign languages may be satisfied by 
languages not offered at Agnes Scott 

4. Whether the study of computers 
should be included in the specific 
and distributional standards 

5. Whether there should be a specific 
or distributional standard in some 
aspect of world cultures or participa- 
tion in an organized overseas program 

6. Whether the study of women 
should play a role in the specific and 
distributional standards 

7. Whether the graduation require- 
ment should be above or below 120 
semester hours 

8. Whether credit hours per course 
should be equivalent to contact 
hours, and the number ofcredit 
hours to be offered for most courses in 
the semester system 

9. Who decides how and which 
courses are to be designated for stan- 
dards and exemptions 

10. Whether there should be exemp- 
tions for distributional standards 

11. Whether there should he two 
semester courses of laboratory science 
in the distributional standards. 

I would like to make several obser- 
vations regarding the June 1, 1985, 
faculty actions. First, the actions 
demonstrated that in a very short 
time, the Semester System Steering 
Committee and the faculty had made 
much progress. Second, the faculty 
had established a clear pattern of 
components for the specific and 
distributional standards. Third, 
faculty wisdom determined that 
certain issues pertaining to the 
academic program were too impor- 
tant to be settled even in a period of 
two or three months. Most signifi- 
cant to someone who sits in my posi- 

tion, that delicate and fragile 
phenomenon essential to the well- 
being of a liberal arts college was 
much in evidence — the faculty had 
joined together in a process of institu- 
tional thinking. They were thinking 
across departmental lines, putting 
student and college concerns before 
their own ardent desires to teach the 
subject matter so important in their 
professional lives. 

In only eight months, the 

faculty had reached a 
consensus on a pattern of 
requirements for students. 

In the summer of 1985, at the 
request of Chair of the Board of Trus- 
tees Larry Gellerstedt, President 
Schmidt and 1 met with the executive 
committee of the Board of Trustees 
to report on progress in moving to 
the semester system and on the semes- 
ter curriculum. 

Last September, on their return, 
the faculty faced a number of difficult 
issues. The dialectic continued. In 
June, the faculty had decided to 
require one semester course in all of 
the distributional areas, and to give 
students a limited choice of subjects 
with a large number of courses within 
those areas. But after the summer, 
the faculty began to weigh the old set 
of heavier requirements against the 
new, fragile coalition of required skill 
areas and introductions to subject 
areas. In the Oct. 4 faculty meeting 
motions passed to alter the June 1 
curriculum by increasing the labora- 
tory science requirement, reinstating 
the biblical literature requirement, 
and doubling the physical education 

At the regular meeting of the 
Academic Affairs Committee of the 
Board ofTrustees on Oct. 11, 1985, I 
reported the shift from the June 1 

116 SPRING 1986 

Marylin Darling, associate 
professor of physical education, 
and Andrea Morris '86 of 
Jacksonville, Florida, rehearse 
in the Bucher Scott Gyn\nasium 
Dance Studio. 

CLirriculum as well as the great sense 
ot unease 1 perceiwd in the tacult\'. 
But the momentum nt institutumal 
thinking reco\-ered after the Oet. 4 
taeulty meeting. 

Atrer more discussion and readjust- 
ments before and during the faculty 
meeting on Nov. 8, the faculty passed 
hy a vote of 58 to 7 the curriculum 
detailed here. In only eight months 
(although months which seemed 
endless to some), the facult>' had 
reached consensus on a pattern of 
requirements for students. 

The semester curriculum ap- 
proved hy the faculty on Nov. 8, 
1985, is as follows; 

To insure the equality c^f the Agnes 
Scott degree, three standards 
must he satisfied. 

1. Specific Standards 

2. Distributional 

3. Depth Standards 

1. The purpose c^f the Specific 
Standards is to insure a student's 
competence in specific skills. 

2. The purpose of the Distribu- 
tional Standards is to introduce a 
student to the ways of thinking 
and to the subject matter of 
broad areas of human inquiry. A 
student satisfies these standards 
by completing courses designated 
to the respective areas. 

3. The purpose of the Depth 
Standards is to develop a student's 
command of a particular subject 
matter by completion of a major 

Specific Standards 

Unless exempted, a student 
must satisfy the following 

1. Two semester courses in Eng- 
lish composition and reading 

2. The intermediate level of a 
foreign language 

3 . Four semester courses in physi- 
cal education 


Distributional Standards 

Unless exempted, a student 

must satisfy the following 


1. Humanities and fine arts 

a. Literature: one semester 
course in the language of its 

b. Religious and philosophical 
thought: one semester course 

c. Historical studies and class- 

Assistant Professor of 
Chemistry Leon Venable and 
Cathleen Fox '85 of Atlanta, 
work in the Campbell Hall 
chemistry lab on vacuum line 
etpiipment for inert atmosphere 

ical civilization: one semester 


d. Fine arts: one semester 

2. Natural science and 

a. Mathematics: one semester 

b. Natural science: one semes- 
ter course which includes a 
laboratory section 

3. Social sciences: one semester 

Credit received in satisfying 
Specific Standards may apply to 
Depth Standards but not to 
Distributional Standards. Credit 
received in satisfying Distribu- 
tional Standards may apply to 
Depth Standards but not to 
Specific Standards. 

The subject which has touched the 
strongest sentiments in members of 
the College community, including 
trustees, administrators, faculty, and 
students, has been the faculty deci- 
sion to incorporate the study of bibli- 
cal literature into the semester system 
standards in a new way. In the new 
curriculum, taking a specific course 
in biblical literature will be a matter 
of student choice and faculty advising, 
rather than a specific requirement. 

Discussion of a change in the re- 
quirement is not new. The biblical 

We'll continue the effort to 
demonstrate through the 
College's program ASC's 

unique mission and nature. 

literature requirement has been a 
subject of discussion in recent Agnes 
Scott history. In 1972, an element of 
choice for students was introduced 
into the requirement. Since that 
time, students have had the option of 
taking a five quarter hour course to 
fulfill the requirement or a nine quar- 
ter hour course which extended 
throughout the academic year. 

On Nov. 26, 1985, the Committee 
on Academic Affairs of the Board of 
Trustees met to discuss changes to 
the curriculum approved on Nov. 8, 
1985, by the faculty. Although trus- 
tees looked at the entire process of 
curricular change, much of the dis- 
cussion involved the new system of 
standards calling for a single semester 
course in religious and philosophical 

118 SPRING 1986 

thought rather than a specific re- 
quirement in hihUcal literature. 
Students may elect to take hiblical 
literature to tultill the distributional 
area of religious and philosophical 
thought. Some trustees and faculty 
asked it the departure from a specific 
biblical literature requirement for all 
students in\'olved policy issues 
broader than just the curriculum. 
Others said the Christian orientation 
so important to the Agnes Scott 
education should not depend on a 
single course but should be experi- 
enced by Agnes Scott students in a 
variety of ways. 

During meetings in January and 
February 1986, trustees, faculty, and 
administrators continued to discuss 
the curriculum and how biblical 
literature should be included within 
it. Trustees understood that the fac- 
ulty designed the system of stan- 
dards as a delicate integrated whole, 
constructed to avoid an unwieldy 
structure, and to increase informed 
student choice. Faculty see a reinvig- 
oration of the College's mission in 
the curriculum by increasing the 
opportunities for students to find 
their own values, which is consistent 
with Christian development and 
with Agnes Scott's historical mis- 
sion. Trustees believe that their re- 
sponsibility is to ensure that the 
academic program reflects the pur- 
pose of the College. They expressed 
concerns that to alter the require- 
ments so that biblical literature 
would no longer be a specific require- 
ment may he interpreted as a basic 
change in the nature of the College, 
a change potentially disturbing to 
alumnae and friends. 

On Feb. 21, 1986, trustees invited 
the Semester System Steering Com- 
mittee and the Faculty Executive 
Committee (the official liaison com- 
mittee with the board) to meet with 
them. They resolved to continue 
trustee-faculty discussions on the 

curriculum and its relationship to the 
College's purpose. This provides a 
continuing opportunity for faculty 
and trustees to share and carefully 
consider mutual concerns. During 
this time of discussions, the new 
curriculum will remain in place. All 
of us will "continue the effort to 
demonstrate through the College's 
program the unique missicin and 
nature of Agnes Scott College." 

At the conclusion of Phase 1 in our 
rethinking the academic program, 
and of what has been a grueling but 
ultimately satisfying process, I am 
proud to be part of Agnes Scott today. 
1 have mar\-eled at the remarkable 
leadership abilities of David Behan, 
chair of the Semester System Steer- 
ing Committee; of Harry Wistrand, 
chair of the Curriculum Committee; 
of Susan Phillips, my ASC classmate 
and chair of the Academic Affairs 
Committee of the Board of Trustees; 
of Larry Gellerstedt, chair of the 
Board of Trustees; and of Ruth 
Schmidt, president of Agnes Scott. 1 
have wished to be as eloquent as 
trustees Harriet King, Suzella Burns 
Newsome, J. Davison Philips, 
Horace Sibley, and others in verbaliz- 
ing the delicate relationships among 
the parts which make the whole 
Agnes Scott. I have been gratified by 
the courage and perseverance of the 
members of the Semester System 
Steering Committee who have spent 
untold hours constructing a system of 
requirements which will meet stu- 
dents' needs. All the trustees, facul- 
ty, and administrators of this College 
are working in extraordinary ways for 
this institution. Agnes Scott is in 
good hands, many good hands. We 
must move on to the next phases of 
our rethinking. We have not yet had 
time to address a number of the issues 
on our list of 11. Academic program 
development is an ever dynamic, 
continuing process. It is what keeps 
an academic institution alive. We are 
alive, and very well. 

Continued from page 3 

lOnl Easter 1957 the .ASC-YWCA social 
ser\ice committee organized an Easter 
egg hunt for the local day-care nursery. 
The children were to arrive within a half 
hour. All the eggs were carefully hidden 
in a section of the campus front yard. 
Then someone came to tell us that we 
had to hide the eggs in the back yard 
because there was a dant;er that a mem- 
ber of the Board of Directors [Trustees] 
mi^ht happen by and see the children. 
That could cause problems because the 
group was integrated. 

When the Fall '86 magazine came 
yesterday and 1 saw the picture ot a white 
woman with a black child on her lap, I 
sat down and cried. Twenty-eight years 
ago it had been a shattering experience 
tor me to discover that 1 was part of an 
institution that called itself Christian 
and believed in discrimination. 1 am 
thankful so much has changed. 

CynthiaGnint '60 
Rotterdam, Netherlands 

1 was grateful to see Peter Goldman's 
story about Dorothy Douglas and her 
father reprinted in the Alumnae Magazine 
("Forty Years On," Fall 1985, Page 10). 
As an associare member of the Physicians 
for Social Responsibility I, too, have felt 
compelled to take action against this 
costly and dangerous nuclear arms race. 

My optimism for the survival ot rhis 
planet increases greatly when 1 read of 
concerned indi\iduals like Dorothy 
Douglas who cherish lite enough to want 
to make a difference. 

Sajidrfl Stiseen '77 
Alexandria, Va. 

The editors oj the Ahannae Magazine 
encourage you to send us your com- 
ments. Respond to a story, call attention 
to an oversight, raise a question or offer 
an idea. Letters selected for publication 
are subject to condensation. They must 
be no more than 200 words and must 
be signed. 


Burkina Faso& 
Agnes Scott 

The Global Awareness program connects the College 
with a country poor In resources and rich in love. 

By Gary Gunderson and Lynn Donham 

J.... , 

Toward the end of a sleepy presidential election in 
1984, the Western media "discovered" the African 
famine. A BBC crew brought hack jarring footage 
of widespread starvation, and suddenly hunger was in our 
living rooms, facing us at dinner each evening. We had 
to do something. 

The celebrated relief efforts followed and so did more 
TV crews. Those for whom the drought was not news 
wondered what would happen when media interest 
waned. Would public interest fade, too? 

Not in Decatur. Here, and at Agnes Scott, the network 
coverage and a local TV crew's visit to Burkina Faso 
(Upper Volta) triggered the start of a sister-city relation- 
ship with two Burkina communities. 

Building on a six-year Burkina-University of Georgia 
project and a link with SEEDS (a Decatur-based magazine 
and hunger education ministry), Agnes Scott joined 
Decatur Mayor Mike Mears to begin a long-term friend- 
ship with Burkina Faso. President Ruth Schmidt and 
Director of Global Awareness John Studstill set out for 



Old Friends 

Agnes Scott and Burkina Faso have other connections 
beside sister cities. Dr. Delia McMillan '73 is a 
nationally recognized expert on Burkina, where she 
has done anthropological research. She holds a Ph. D. 
from Northwestern University, and is now assistant 
director ot the Center for African Studies of the 
University of Florida. 

Her first contact with Africa was as an ASC junior 
spending a summer in Togo and Benin. In Burkina, 
she has researched population relocation, agricultural 
development and women's role in economic develop- 
ment. Her work on the resettlement of Burkinabes 
to healthier areas as a way to prevent insect-carried 
river blindness has been published as a monograph. 
A second book is at press. 

Sarah (Sally) Workman '78, first went to Burkina 
as a Peace Corps volunteer. She used her work in 
biology at Agnes Scott and a master's degree in plant 
ecology to help with the forestry program in North 
Burkina. Recently she has joined the wildlife 
management program in the southern part of the 

Another connection is Martha Doerpinghaus 
Fleming, a Ph.D. candidate in African history at 
Johns Hopkins University. She and husband, Allen, 
first met in Niger as Peace Corps volunteers in 1974, 
and they both did graduate research in Mali as part 
of studies at Purdue University. Martha is the 
daughter of Elsie and the late Dr. S. Leonard 
Doerpinghaus who taught biology at ASC for 20 
years. Martha and Allen returned to Burkina in 1974, 
when he started work with USAID as an agricultural 

Burkina last October with UGA's 
Darl Snyder, SEEDS Director 
Gary Gunderson, and six other 

"What we found in the dust of 
northern Burkina Faso was not so 
much 'hunger' as people with too 
little food, not so much 'poverty' as 
friends without resources, not so 
much 'hope' as people who will not 
give up," said Mike Meats. "We want 
to be part of this." 

The Agnes Scott involvement has 
been pivotal. As Mike Meats said, 
"The college's participation provides 
us with a sense ot credibility, not just 
in the eyes of the Burkinabe, hut in 
our own. Here's a longstanding 
institutional anchor for the city 
saying 'this is worth doing' in the 
most eloquent way possible — by 
going." _ 

"We felt this was an excellent 
opportunity to enhance the new 
Global Awareness Program and to be 
an active member of the Decatur 
community," explained President 
Ruth Schmidt. "Our Director of 
Global Awareness, John Studstill, 
had lived in Africa and speaks French 
fluently. He was invaluable to us as 

John Stutistill used all his linguistic skills as 
interpreter between Decatur and Burkina 
fnends. as m this meeting with the High 
Commissioner of Ouagadougou. His sense of 
humor helped, too. 

122 SPRING 1986 

an interpreter in both tormal cere- 
monies and informal conversations." 

Burkina Faso, a Colorado-sized 
country ot 6.5 million people, may 
he hard to find on the map (look 
west ot Nigeria, it used to he called 
Upper Volta) . But it's easy to find on 
any chart of international economic 
indicators: It's at the wrong end of 
every one, with the highest infant 
mortality in the world and one of the 
lowest per capita incomes. What 
does not — cannot — show on the 
charts is the rich Burkinabe charac- 
ter, the tenacity and disarming 
humor in the face ot suffering. 

Although rains came this summer 
and U.S. Ambassador Neher con- 
firmed that some ot the crisis atmos- 
phere had passed, Burkina is still 
desperately poor. But help is more 
than money. Ambassador Neher told 
us ot a German technician who 
wc)rked 13 years to develop a network 
ot refrigerators to store vaccines tor 
inoculation programs. His work 
came to light last year when the 
Sankara government decided to 
carry out a commando vaccination 
campaign. They mobilized volun- 
teers and commandeered cars, planes 
and doctors. Seventy-three percent 
of the children under 6 were vacci- 
nated — a great trmmph for a young 
government. The campaign surprised 
Western observers and showed the 
depth ot popular support for Sankara's 
government, as well as its ability to 
galvanize an often sluggish and 
overprivileged bureaucracy. 

Saturday morning in 
Ouagadougou, the capital: 
Women walk to market, fruit 
piled high on their heads and babies 
strapped to their backs while a crew 
hangs a banner urging people to 
plant forage crops for animals now 
running loose in the city. A soldier 
slings his machine gun over his 
moped's handle bars. Low tables by 
the road display trinkets, sandals and 
food for sale. Radios blare, and the 

This LlLiiic)Uar% iihi h d [cathcr in Bnmse uorks uitfi feu rest imvcs iiiui m primitiie 
conditions, but. like liU teachers, uith the knowledge that she hokls the future in 
her hands. 

traffic snarls over screams and calls 
of chickens, dogs, kids and mer- 
chants. And the smells — barbecue, 
burning trash, filthy ditches, baking 
bread, diesel and dust — a wild, 
sensual stew that feels charming and 

But there's more to see than 
degradation. Astounding changes. 
Everywhere people are whitewashing 
tree trunks, benches, stores, houses 
and fences. Another of President 
Sankara's campaigns, this one at- 
tacks the city's dirt with a simple 
idea: white walls make cleanliness 
possible. So everyone should paint 
the walls. Now'. 

Trees are being planted 
everywhere, too. "Pour Burkina 
Vert!" For a green Burkina! Every 
event — birthdays, anniversaries, 
holidays — is now marked by a tree 
planting. It is a revolutionary symbol, 
but more. "For a green Burkina" 
sounds almost silly, except that 
everywhere people were planting 

Acres of debris mark what only 
months ago was one ot worst housing 
areas in the city. The squalor daunted 
even hardened Burkinabe sen- 
sibilities. The residents were moved 
and the neighborhood bulldozed to 
make room for new housing. Across 
town a large section ot new homes 
have been built. New scarlet road 
signs are everywhere. Maybe these 


Burkinabe parenti know then children jace ont; 
of the highest infant mortality rates on earth, 
which explains the strong rural support for 
national immunization programs. 

are just symbols. But one can't miss 
the direction in which things are 

The Sankara government is con- 
troversial and abrasive to some 
Burkinabe. It has moved with 
blinding speed that some find dis- 
orienting. One Burkinabe noted that 
moving a nation is not like cleaning 
your desk — it takes time. Sankara 
isn't taking time. 

Both of Decatur's "sisters" reflect 
the new spirit of optimism based on 
the reforms ot the revolutionary 
government of President Thomas 
Sankara, a former para troop captain. 
Since the military coup three years 
ago, Sankara has tried to chart a 
non-aligned course between East and 
West at the risk of pleasing neither. 
It has attacked deeply entrenched 
corruption with zeal and has set loose 
a flood of pride visible in towns like 
Ouahigouya and Bousse. The U.S. 
State Department which deplored 
the revolution's early rhetoric has 
recently warmed to Burkina and 
poured in a record amount of food 

In Ouagadougou, the Decaturites 
planted the first of many trees in a 

ceremony led by the High Commis- 
sioner of the capital, the mayor of 
mayors in Burkina. He is young, 
gracious and handsome. At the end 
of a long meeting in his office pro- 
tocol deteriorated into laughter 
when Elizabeth Wilson, the first 

We expect to develop 

student exchanges and 

summer study courses 

between ASC and Burkina. 

black elected to the Decatur City 
Commission, asked him through the 
interpreter if he was married and 
then whipped out a picture of her 
(single) daughter. 

The University of Ouagadougou, 
15,000 students, is the only institu- 
tion of higher education in this 
country of 7 million. As foreign 
visitors, Ruth Schmidt and John 
Studstill met with the rector (presi- 
dent), as well as with English classes 
and their professors. The well-kept 

brick building has many breezeways 
and vents under the roof. Masks, in 
styles of the various ethnic groups of 
the country, decorate the walls. 
After such meetings with university 
officials, they expect to develop 
student exchanges and summer study 
courses for Agnes Scott. 

President Schmidt and John 
Studstill also visited the one women's 
public high school of Ouagadougou. 
The principal, also a woman, invited 
them to visit an English class. These 
young women in the 12th grade can 
already carry on simple conversations 
in English. They invited President 
Schmidt to say a few words and ask 
the students questions in English. 
Among these young women are some 
who might apply for admission to 
Agnes Scott. They sit straight and 
attentive all dressed in the same 
colorful uniforms. They all look so 
strong and healthy — very black, 
beautiful young women who have 
suffered no famine. 

Perhaps 1 percent of their age- 
group, they represent the most intel- 
ligent and well-to-do Burkinabe. But 
their success is mixed: If they go to 
college, they will find it more difficult 
to marry and have families. Most 
men still feel more comfortable with 
uneducated women who stay at 
home. The principal of this women's 
school has been lucky — her husband 
is the minister of higher education. 

President Sankara has promoted 
women's rights in Burkina to a degree 
unequaled in any other African 
nation. In a 1984 interview with 
Margaret A. Novicki of Africa Report, 
Sankara explained women's role in 
Africa's economic development. 

"First of all, there are more women 
than men in Upper Volta (Burkina), 
and it is impossible to wage our 
revolution without them. . . . 

"Look at the Voltaic woman in the 
countryside; she wakes up at 4:30 
a.m. to walk 5, 10, 15 kilometers to 
fetch some water. She must come 
back and cook, she must wash the 

124 SPRING 1986 

children, she must heat water tor her 
hushand who is asleep, and then she 
must go to the fields with her hus- 
hand to plow the earth. When she 
is finished, she must plow her own 
field. When her husband's day is 
finished, he rests. She then has to 
find wood to bring hack to the house. 
She must do the cooking. After 
dinner, she has other chores to do. 
She wakes up at 4:30 a.m., but she 
never goes to bed before midnight. 
At 35, she becomes a rag. This is not 
right. This is why in our country, 
men used to have several wives — 
because they are the workers. Fur- 
ther, women represented a source of 
free pleasure for men. 

"Women are exploited in relations 

of production and also in sentimental 
relations, in affection. But women 
are further exploited because of 
imperialism, which also dominates 
the Voltaic man. So we decided to 
liberate them. We encourage them to 
organize themselves. 

"It is not easy because even women 
think there is no use trying. But 
women must be liberated. For this 
reason, we are appointing more and 
more women to responsible positions. 
So little by little, women are taking 
on responsibilities, and we are talk- 
mg about this because sincerely we 
have all been marked by the way our 
sisters and brothers have suffered." 

Some of Sanakara's efforts on 
behalf of women are not without 

humor. One Burkinabe told John 
Studstill about one reform aimed at 
the most apparent cause of domestic 
\iolence and divorce: men's displea- 
sure with how the women handle 
household money. For one day, 
decreed Sankara, the marketplace 
would be open only to men: if the 
families were to have food, the men 
had to go to the market. The women 
who ran the marketplace saw this as 
an opportunity to teach the men a 
lesson, and raised their prices for the 
occasion. Not only did the men suffer 
from their lack of bartering experi- 
ence, but they faced inflated prices 
as well, coming home with much less 
than their wives got for the same 

Thiifeait uibL prepareJ in Bousse included a local version o/gi'its/ur the 
Georgia visitors. Colorfid dishes were gathered from throughout the village for 
the celebration meal 


As the Decaturites approached 
their sister city, Bousse, 
dozens of riders on horseback 
with banners in EngUsh and French 
met the van. After the handshakes, 
smiles and awkward phrases came 
the speeches. Mayor Mike Mears 
gave his in carefully memorized 
French, ending with the first half of 
the revolutionary slogan "The Father- 
land or death!" And the 3,000 
gathered there echoed back auto- 
matically, "Nous vaincrons! We will 

Surprised laughter erupted as the 
crowd realized what had happened. 
This slogan had bothered the U.S. 

embassy and still made many dip- 
lomats cringe. Mike embraced it as 
the American civil rights movement 
had embraced "We shall overcome" 
and the sense of struggle it evoked. 
Not struggle against other people, 
but against the dependence that 
holds Burkina captive. Mike's care- 
fully delivered French greetings 
played on national radio for three 

Ruth Schmidt echoed the feelings 
of the Americans, who felt a little 
embarrassed by all the hoopla. "This 

is a lot of fuss for little Decatur!' " 
After speeches in three languages, 
a children's choir sang, a group of 
village elders danced and traditional 
marriage gifts were presented. 

After the ceremony the group 
toured the town and observed leather 
crafts, cotton spinning, weaving, 
blacksmith arts, and the dyeing of 
cloth with locally grown indigo. 
Bousse shares a struggle with 
thousands of villages scattered across 
the Sahel. Scarce rain makes progress 
fragile; it lasts only 70 days. Since 
crops take 100 days to mature, there 
is little room for error. A farmer 
explained that they had bad seeds, 

Women are responsible for nearly the entire food chain, from planting, weeding, 
harvesting, and processing to gathering firewood and cooking. Many stages of 
the work are done in community which makes it less boring, but cannot lessen 
the physical labor. Children accompany mothers constantly and everywhere, 
if chey are toddlers or older, they help keep goats or cows out of crop areas. 

126 SPRING 1986 

o\'er\vorked ground and too few 
metal tools. "The people work hard, 
hut have little to show for their days 
in the sun." 

The Bousse health clinic is in six 
stucco buildings. Except for the lack 
of a doctor, it seems to he staffed 
remarkably well — until one realizes 
it serves 90,000 people, including 
many who suffer from chronic mal- 
nutrition, poor sanitation and harsh 
living conditions. There is no way to 
sterilize needles and surgical tools, 
the beds have no sheets, and there 
are only a few basic medicines. The 
doctor is in Ouagadougou, 35 miles 

Many of Bousse's men have left to 
work on plantations in the Ivory 
Coast. Even with tension between 
the two countries, more than one 
million Burkinabe men work in the 
Ivory Coast and send their earnings 
home. In recent years theirs has been 
about the only cash to flow into the 

There are few machines to help 
with farming or food processing. 
Women work the hard fields with 
short-handled hoes and grind millet 
in a circle with heavy stones. They 
talk and sing, but this cannot lessen 
the arduous labor. "It is really tough 
to be born a woman in this culture, " 
Ruth Schmidt said. Catholic Relief 
Services recently promised a mule- 
driven grinder. 

While Bousse faces great difficul- 
ties, all is not bleak. This is the kind 
of village that draws strength from 
the new regime's appeal to pride and 
labor. It's clear to all that the recent 
change in government will bring no 
automatic answers. But Burkinabes 
have never feared hard work. They 
know they can't wait for someone 
else to pull Bousse up. 

At noon all were special guests at 
a feast. Tables bent under salads, 
vegetable dishes, barbecued goat, 
cokes, beer and wine. A warm breeze 
blew gently through the thick stand 

The Burkinabe were gracious heyund belief, providing botded rriineral water for 
even the shortest trips. President Ruth Schmidt and Decatur pharmacist Deborah 
Willis in Bousse. 

of trees where 50 people were seated 
in a circle. The local Assembly of 
God minister was asked to return 
thanks. The mayor nipped whiskey 
and began to practice his longlost 
English: "My brother! My sister! I 
know you! You are here!" 

"We were showered all day 

with friendship that will 

resonate in our memories as 

long as we live. 

The speeches after the feast were 
longer and more elaborate. They had 
asked to hear about Bousse's priorities 
and problems. Each speech — on 
education, farming, medicine and 
water — was met by applause by the 
people gathered around as they felt 
the case had been well made. The 
Decaturites were somewhat over- 

They left Bousse the way they had 
come: surrounded by people, out- 
stretched hands and the rhythm of 

It's hard to absorb, much less 
repay, this unspeakably lavish wel- 

come. Bousse broke the bank to buy 
drinks, even to the point of having 
$2-a-bottle mineral water for the 
guests' short walks between events. 

"Giving was its own reward for 
Bousse," said Gary Gunderson, 
"proving a simple lesson that those 
of us concerned with 'helping the 
poor' find difficult: It really is more 
blessed to give than receive. 

"We were showered all day with 
friendship that will resonate in our 
memories as long as we live. " But the 
day will also resonate a long time in 
Bousse. After their guests left at 
sundown to savor the gift, Bousse 
danced and partied till 4 a.m. to 
celebrate the giving. 

Before 6 a.m. the Decatur group 
was off to Ouahigouya, Decatur's 
larger sister city. As the van pulled 
up to the city hall, a U.S. flag flew 
next to Burkina Faso's. Later they 
learned that a university student had 
driven most of the night to get it up 
the pole before they arrived. 

Ouahigouya is an ancient trading 
city on the caravan trail from 
Timbuktu to the coast. It is the 
capital for the 900,000 Burkinabes 
of the Yatenga province who have 
seen two periods of severe drought in 
the last decade. A regional center for 


Where there is water there k life. These vegetables are grown for sale 
in their city, not for household food. Men do most of the cash crop 
farming while women do almost all other agricidture in the coimtry. 

hundreds of years, today it is the 
focus of intensive reUef work hy 
groups from around the world. 

Later that night there was more 
dancing. Gary remembered, "We 
walked holding hands through a sea 
of several thousand people already 
warming up in the liquid dark. Faces 
stretched as far as we could see into 
the night. The drums and press of 
humanity felt like something out 
of Conrad's Heart of Darkness. 
But there was no fear here — only 

Every city sector presented its own 
dance, many with lyrics written for 
the occasion. And it's not easy to 
write a tune to "Welcome to the city 
of Decatur, Georgia, USA" or "The 
Secretary General of Ouahigouya!" 

What does any of this have to do 
with fighting hunger? They knew the 
numbers: the average life expectancy 
of 42 years is possibly the lowest in 
the world, the infant mortality rate 




This welcoming dance was performed for the friends from Decatur by 
choir members of the Assemblies of God Church in Bowse. 

128 SPRING 1986 

of 211 per thousand probably the 
highest. They knew ot the grain 
shorttall, the rainfall deficit, the 
illiteracy- Yatenga is one ot the most 
desperate provinces in the poorest 
country in Africa. 

And then they saw them: the 
women — every one surely anemic — 
dancing arrd swirling to the drums. 
Every third one had a child with tiny 
arms and too-thin legs strapped on 
their backs. These are the hungry. 

The hungry dance! If they dance, 
they sing. And they hope, love, pray, 
curse and remember. What happens 
between people is more important 
than what happens between people 
and things. Perhaps they all were a 
little surprised to find that this 
relationship actually makes sense. 
Even in a city that can smell the 
encroaching desert and where 9 out 
of 10 kids will never read, the first 
agenda is respect. 

Ouahigouya, Bousse and Decatur 
will focus on education and medi- 
cine. Some schools will probably be 
built, pharmacies established, medi- 
cal personnel trained and wells 
drilled. Decatur expects to 
strengthen the city schools' black 
studies program and French classes 
as well as host a Burkinabe teacher 
at its high school for a year. Agnes 
Scott College hopes for faculty and 
student exchanges. 

While the official relationship 
flows between Decatur and two 
Burkinabe towns, the bond has 
political possibilities for both na- 
tional governments. One member of 
the group told the U.S. ambassador 
that we were only interested in 
helping the Burkinabe people, that 
we wanted to "leave politics to the 
professionals." Mike Mears suggested 
that was like leaving race relations 
to the sociologists. 

"Yet this undertaking must he 
approached with caution," John 
Studstill pointed out. "Just because 

we are welcome, that does not mean 
we understand what is happening. 
Too many attempts at development 
have foundered on lack of concern 
for the cultural constraints and 
sensitivities of people whcise world 
views and customs can be very 
resistant to change. Who are we to 
glibly decide that people need to 

"One fact keeps bobbing up in my 
mind," Studstill remarked, "and it 
serves to make me cautious. The 
population of Burkina had doubled 
in 20 years — from three-and-a-half 
million to se\'en million. In some 
ways this is a great success story since 
we can say that the economy of the 
country in earlier times was incapable 
of sustaining such a population. " But 
in other ways, he said, it signals 
danger. "Population growth from 
better health care must be checked 
until there is balanced growth of 
industry and agriculture. Somehow 
one feels that solutions to these 
problems must come mainly from 
within Burkina — not imposed, only 
assisted, from without." 

The Burkinabe are asking 

profound questions: 

life, death, hope, despair, 


"So many Americans ask me what 
we can learn from the people there," 
Darl said. "But the Burkinabes are 
asking so much more profound ques- 
tions: life, death, hope, despair, 
courage. We play with those words 
on special occasions while they use 
them to shape their daily agenda. 
They must teach us how to live." 

Just before the Decatur group 
headed home they met with President 
Sankara. He compared politics to a 
compass. "Your President Reagan 
only wants to see East and West, but 

a compass has many, many other 
points. 1 am glad that we ha\'e found 
one of them to meet on. We are glad 
for the marriage between your city 
and ours. Let this be a marriage of 
lo\e and not just convenience or 
economic gain. We hope there will 
be many children and that the 
children will be healthy and live 
long. 1 hope these children will not 
be victims of war or famine or 

President Sankara spoke of himself 
and other educated Burkinabe as the 
lucky few who have much to account 
for. "We are lucky many times over, 
we did not die as infants as many do. 
We survived to be old enough to 
attend school and were among the 
few who had a school to go to. Then 
we went beyond reading to high 
school and even college. We have 
been trained at great expense. Now 
we must give it back." 

Sankara asked his aide to get a 
bronze statue of a peasant from his 
office. The leader took it and gave it 
to Mike explaining, "When you see 
this peasant, you see Burkina. He is 
poor, he has no shoes on his feet, he 
is uneducated and may be sick. He 
is thin and his clothes are ragged 
from working in the fields for many 
hours. Most ot our people are like 
this, and it is for them that we must 
build a different future." 

When the group left Burkina, 
Darl's friend Mouhoussine grasped 
Gary Gunderson's hand with both of 
his. "There is a war going on here. 
That is what you have seen and it 
explains many of the rough things. 
We are at war with ignorance and 
disease and thirst and hunger. People 
say behind our backs that we cannot 
win. All we know is that there can 
be no losing. "0 

Gary Gunderson is executive director 
of SEEDS. 


Dr. McNair 


By Marvin B, Perry Jr, 
President Emeritus 

Walter Edward McNair lived a life of 
dedication and service — to his family 
and friends, to his church, to his own 
college and to Agnes Scott. As a committed 
Christian, he lived it joyfully; as a Presbyterian he 
lived it "decently and in order. " He loved living: he 
rejoiced in his friends; he enjoyed good music and 
was an excellent pianist; he relished good food and 
was himself an excellent cook. Whatever the task, 
he worked at it conscientiously and with scrupulous 
attention to detail and accuracy. His loyalty was 
unselfish and unwavering: to his church and his 

colleges, to his friends, to the job 
at hand. 

Ed McNair's life was a full one, not 
glamorous or spectacular, but rich in 
quiet achievement. A native Atlantan, 
and the only child ot devoted par- 
ents, he attended Atlanta public 
schools. In 1933 he graduated summa 
cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa from 
Davidson College. He taught in the 
Atlanta public schools before enlist- 
ing in the U.S. Army in 1942, serv- 
ing in the European theatre. He left 
the Army Reserve as a lieutenant 
colonel in 1946. 

He resumed teaching and began 
graduate work in English at 
Emory University, earning his 
master's degree in 1948 and his doc- 
torate in 1952. 

In 1952 Dr. McNair came to Agnes 
Scott College as associate professor 
of English and director of public 
relations, a dual appointment he was 
to hold for 25 years. Throughout this 
quarter-century and the subsequent 
years of his retirement, he worked for 
Agnes Scott with energy and devo- 
tion. As he said in 1983, "For 31 years 
now, the polar center [of my life] has 
been Agnes Scott." Despite full-time 
duties as director of public relations. 
Professor McNair never neglected his 
teaching. His energy, his prodigious 
memory — for names, places, literary 
works, dates — and his passion for 
clarity and accuracy were evident in 
the classroom, in his public relations 
office and in his encyclopedic knowl- 
edge of Agnes Scott's people and 
history. Chief among his concerns 
were his students, and generations of 
young women remember him with 
grateful affection. 

Dr. McNair's areas of service went 
far beyond the routine duties of his 
College positions and his church 
membership. Typical was his leader- 
ship in planning and carrying out the 
ambitious three-day program which 
celebrated the 50th anniversary of 
Phi Beta Kappa at Agnes Scott. His 

annual talk on academic regalia and 
customs combined knowledge with 
witty and not-so-subtle advice to his 
faculty colleagues. In his seventies he 
agreed to perform a tap-dance at the 

1982 Junior Jaunt show and practiced 
tirelessly for it. He was touched and 
delighted at the student ovation after 
his performance. 

For all his usual affability and 
old-world courtesy, Ed McNair some- 
times appeared to be austere and 
gruff to students and colleagues. He 
chuckled, and was secretly pleased, 
when a young Atlanta newspaper 
reporter who became his admiring 
friend, described him affectionately 
as a "grumpy badger," in a highly 
favorable article on Agnes Scott. 

As a devoted alumnus of Davidson 
College, Dr. McNair served as presi- 
dent of his 1933 class throughout the 
years following his graduation. In 

1983 Davidson recognized his half- 
century of active loyalty by awarding 
him its Alumni Service Medal. 

As a Christian of strong Presbyte- 
rian convictions and deep commit- 
ment, he gave a lifetime of service to 
his church: to his local congregation 
(Druid Hills) and to the larger Pres- 
byterian Church, U.S. An elder at 
Druid Hills for some 30 years, he was 
clerk of the session and an officer and 
teacher in the church school. He 
three times was elected a commis- 
sioner to the General Assembly. 

But it was as a teacher and ad- 
ministrator at Agnes Scott that 
I best knew and admired Ed 
McNair. His commitment to the 
College — to its people, its welfare 
and its mission — was total; and his 
service to Agnes Scott during 25 very 
active years and thereafter until his 
death was a model of loyalty and 
affection. Such loyalty and affection 
were extended to his friends and 
colleagues, although he never shrank 
from offering straightforward, con- 
structive criticism. Ed McNair's 
unfailing support and helpfulness to 

me as president and his kindly and 
affectionate concern for me and my 
family are a cherished part of my 
years at Agnes Scott. 

When he reached the cus- 
tomary retirement age of 
65, Dr. McNair asked to 
be allowed to serve an additional two 
years in order that he might complete 
a quarter-century of active duty at 
the College. I was happy when the 
Board of Trustees approved my recom- 
mendation that his request be granted. 
Accordingly, in 1977 he was made 
associate professor and director of 
public relations emeritus, and he 
moved into an office in the newly 
refurbished McCain Library. In the 
the ensuing six years he completed 
his comprehensive and invaluable 
history of the College. Published in 
1983, Lest We Forget: An Account of 
Agnes Scott College covers Agnes 
Scott's history from its founding in 
1889 to the election of its fifth presi- 
dent. Dr. Ruth Schmidt, in 1982. 
Lest We Forget is a very human 
chronicle. With characteristic thor- 
oughness and accuracy, historian 
McNair recorded not only the ongo- 
ing events in the life of the College, 
but he also included brief biographies 
of selected women and men associ- 
ated with Agnes Scott as well as a 
directory of trustees, faculty, chief 
administrative officers, and Alumnae 
Association presidents from 1889 to 
1982. In its completeness and accu- 
racy, and especially in its emphasis 
upon the academic and Christian 
heritage of Agnes Scott, the work 
reflects the character and judgments 
of its author. Indeed, his volume is 
an appropriate monument to the 
loving labor and long service which 
marked Walter Edward McNair's life 
at Agnes Scott College. 

President Emeritus Marvin Banks 
Perry was president of Agnes Scott 
College from 1973 to 1982. Marvin 
and Ellen Perry now live in Charlottes- 
ville, Va. 


A Distinctive College 

By Richard Parry 

Sometimes it takes a stranger to 
help us see an important aspect 
oi our own situation. Although 
I am a man, I am going to speak to 
you about the situation ot women. 1 
do not have your perspective, ot 
course. So, in that sense, I am a 
stranger. But 1 hope that what I say 
will illuminate your perspective in 
the way that the remarks ot strangers 
can be illuminating. 

I will begin with a story of how a 
stranger's remark once illuminated 
my perspective on this college. Some 
time ago a visitor on this campus — 
the French assistant for that year — 
made a remark about our students 
which proved very important for me. 
We were sitting together in the din- 
ing hall when she looked around the 
room and said, in a quick but reflec- 
tive aside, that it was impressive 
seeing these young girls become 
young women. And when she said 
"young women" she made a Gallic 
gesture; she thrust her chin forward 
and squared her shoulders. While 
interesting, it was not a remark that 
knocked me oft my chair. After all, I 
knew what she was talking about; I 
had seen enough times the phenome- 
non to which she was referring. 

You know the Agnes Scott senior — 
sometimes junior, but especially the 
senior — who becomes self-possessed 
and self-confident. She has an air 
about her that says she knows who 
she is, what her strengths are. Some- 
times she even knows what direction 
she wants to go in — although the 
latter is sometimes not fully 

Dr. Richard D. Parry, chair of the 
philosophy department, gave this ad- 
dress at Senior Investiture at Ag1^es 
Scott last fall. 

^Though a stiulent may come to the College as 
someone's dependent, she leaves as her own 
woman. Lisa Olliff '87 

r The liberal arts sharpen our mind's reasoning 
abilities and furnish our imagination with I'isiom 
of the human. Jenifer Cooper '86 

This air is not brash or other- 
disregarding; it is a quiet sense ot 
self-worth. You look at such a young 
woman and you say that she is her 
own person. And it is an altogether 
splendid sight. 

So, although I had noticed what 
our visitor was referring to, her re- 
mark struck me and settled some- 
where in my consciousness. I kept 
coming back to it. Atter awhile I 
came to realize why the remark was 
not commonplace and why the sight 
ot these young women should strike 
one as so splendid. 

The sight is so splendid because it 
is, in the general scheme ot things, so 
unusual. We live in a culture in which 
not every young girl becomes a self- 
possessed young woman. What 
makes these women so special is that 
they achieve something not every 
woman achieves. 

Many girls start off being some- 
one's daughter and then — without 
skipping a beat — become someone's 
wife and someone else's mother. 
Sometimes they become the mother 
of the same someone they became the 
wife of— but that's another story. 
Now I have nothing against a 
woman's being a daughter, a wife or 
a mother. Without a wife and a 
daughter my lite would be much 
poorer — and without a mother I 
would not have had a life at all, al- 
though genetic engineering just may 
be on the verge ot changing all that. 

Nor do I think that the women 
who have valiantly taken up these 
various roles in my lite have de- 
meaned themselves — although I 

132 SPRING 1986 


Agnes Scott exists for that 
process in which women come 
to self-possession. Sharon R'. 
Core '85, left, and Melanie 
Sherk '86 on porch of Rebekah 

might be described as anything from 
an inconvenience to a heavy cross. 
My point is: some girls go from daugh- 
ter to wife and mother without skip- 
ping a beat, without becoming along 
the way their own woman. 

But that situation is in stark con- 
trast to the situation ot boys. It is the 
presumption that they will become 
self-directed, self-possessed. That 
presumption is false, of course; some 
boys never grow up psychologically. 
They stay dependent their whole 
lives. But then we frequently think of 
them as failures. They have not done 
what they are supposed to do. But 
somehow a dependent woman is 
not — in the eyes of many, perhaps a 
majority, in our culture — a failure. 
We would say to the dependent boy- 
man in a tough situation, 'Act like a 
man. " Even if he could not follow the 
instruction he would know what we 
meant. I wonder what the dependent 
girl-woman would think if you said in 
a tough situation, "Act like a 
woman." I wonder if she might not 
think that you were telling her to run 
around, wring her hands and cry. 

Now 1 do not know how you would 
act in an emergency situation. But 1 
do know it we were to say to you, 'Act 
like a woman" — as in a way, today we 
are saying — you would know what 
we meant. You may have come to us 
as someone's dependent hut you leave 

We are a place where women 

come into their own, where 

each becomes her own person. 

as your own woman. So that even it 
you do decide to become someone's 
wife and someone else's mother, you 
do so from a sense of your own worth, 
a sense ot your own independence. 
Nor is this phenomenon confined to 
young women; it can be seen fre- 
quently in our Return to College 
students — and sometimes in an even 
more moving way. 

Even though these women are ma- 
ture and often freighted with respon- 

sibilities, they also feel frequently — 
not always, but frequently — that 
along the way they missed out on an 
experience which they needed to 
become their own woman. And with 
these women, too, that transforma- 
tion takes place — analogous to the 
transition from young girl to young 
woman, a transition from depen- 
dence to independence. How often 
do we see the RTC who has acquired 
what she needed to lift her chin and 
square her shoulders .-' 

That is one of the reasons we are a 
distinctive college. We exist for that 
process in which women come to 
self-possession. We are a place where 
women come into their own, where 
each becomes her own person. Of 
course, our graduates often become 
professors, scientists, teachers, physi- 
cians, lawyers, business women, 
ministers, master-potters and play- 
wrights. We cannot make them any 
of these things, but we can help them 
achieve that self-possession without 
which no woman in our society can 
undertake any of these occupations. 
Working towards that achievement is 
what we — students, faculty and 
administration — do best, and it is 
not something that you can find in 
every college and university. We can 
encourage one another in it and 
congratulate one another when it is 
successful, without threatening any- 
one else. Without reducing any of 
the men in our community to second- 
class citizens, we can be frankly parti- 
san about this inspiring process. 

But wait. 1 have not yet intoned 
the name of the liberal arts. I suspect 
some of you have already grown res- 
tive waiting tor the vital reference — 
like waiting tor the preacher to bring 
God into the story. Just so your sus- 
pense will not become uncontrol- 
lable — and we start having people 
fainting from hyperventilation — I 
now turn to liberal arts — or at least 
to my slightly off-white notion of it. 

It is obvious to me that the liberal 
arts are the means — for the vast 

134 SPRING 1986 

majority, the necessary means — by 
which this selt-possession is 
achie\-ed. After all, the original 
meaning ot the liberal arts is the arts 
of the tree man — as opposed to the 
arts ot the servile man. And at Agnes 
Scott we give new meaning to the 
liberal arts — the arts ot the tree 
woman. But in my understanding, 
they are not a collection of activities 
pursued by the leisure class, those 
tree from servile labor. It is not as 
though the liberally educated woman 
philosophizes, paints, and pursues 
her investigations ot kinky subcul- 
tures while the servile woman does 
the cooking, the construction and 
the bus conducting. In my under- 
standing, the liberal arts is the skill 
ot being a tree woman. 

In the first place, in my notion of 
the liberal arts, I put a lot ot weight 
on the idea of the arts in the phrase 
"liberal arts." Too frequently the 
word "art" means fine art. Many 
think that liberal arts education 
means education in fine arts, music 
and literature. And, oi course, tine 
arts, music and literature are at the 
heart ot liberal arts. But one makes a 
mistake it she thinks art means only 
fine arts. In tact, the word "art" is the 
usual translation for the Greek word 
techne — which covers both fine arts 
and crafts, and some other activities 
as well. Techne is the root of our own 
words "technology" and "technique," 
and it means basically a kind of mas- 
tery or skill. The liberal arts are the 
mastery, the skill or the craft of being 
a free person. 

But what is the craft of being a free 
person.' It is the craft of determining 
oneself, the craft of being indepen- 
dent, self-directed, self-possessed. 
Freedom — as you have been told 
time after boring time — is not 
license. After that sage distinction is 
made, we are told then that with 
freedom comes responsibility. I do 
not wish to deny any of that wisdom, 
but I would like to add something 
else. Responsibility comes with free- 

dom because treedom is the opportu- 
nity and the ability to shape one's 
lite — to determine oneself, to come 
into possession ot oneself— and thus 
to take up responsibilities. 

The skill of shaping oneself 

must include the skill of 

shaping society. 

What 1 want to emphasize is not 
just the opportunity to shape your 
lite, but the ahihty to do so — the 
skill, the craft. 

And it is an important craft. For 
what is ot primary interest to you and 
me is what kind ot person each ot 
us will he. What are you hurtling 
towards in all this frantic forward 
movement? A small mountain ot 
consumer goods in darkest Buckhead? 
A dirt-tloored teacher's hut in West 

Atrica.' A severe, statement-making 
condominium on the 20th tloor.' 
Behind all these questions is the sole 
question: What kind ot person will 1 

Questions like this are insistent 
and even paintul. They are paintul 
tor those already latmched on the 
process because we are so aware ot 
our taikires. In tact, so paintul are 
they tor some ot us that it is a species 
ot bad taste to bring them up. And 
yet they are the most important ques- 
tions and so the most insistent, no 
matter how hard we try to repress 
them. They are important because 
when we step hack and take the sur- 
vey ot our lives, we want to be able to 
say that what we see is — on the 
whole — good, well done, well 

And while these insistent ques- 


tions nag at you, something else un- 
suspected is happening. You are 
learning the skill for answering them. 
But the skill is not the skill of for- 
mulating merely verbal answers; it is 
the skill ot formulating answers with 
your lives. And now I rise to the 
pinnacle of dangerous realization 
from which I just might fall scream- 
ing to my death — providing the 
greatest entertainment of the morn- 
ing. Wait and see. 

Liberal arts education among other 
things imparts this skill by first, 
sharpening our mind's reasoning 
abilities and second, by furnishing 
our imagination with visions of the 
human. You need the visions, to 
know the possibilities open to you 
when it comes to fashioning your life. 
And you need reason, to choose the 
possibilities and to provide the means 
to make the possibilities real. 

Let us talk about the visions first. 
You may not realize it, but in the past 
three or four years your imagination 
has been infected by some very power- 
ful images of what it is to be a human 
being. Fiction writers, of course, are 
always giving us these images — but 
also nonfiction writers, like psy- 
chologist Robert Cole. The best 
writers give us the best images — the 
fullest, the richest, the most real — 
although these images are not always 
the images of the best human beings 
by a long shot. And these writers give 
us not just images of human beings, 
but images of human situations. 
These images are powerful partially 
because they are attractive, repellent 
or frighteningly fascinating. 

And thus you imitate them — or 
try not to imitate them — just as you 
do the people you know. You imitate 
not the actions, but the kind of per- 
son each is, in whole or in part. You 
try this one's view of nature, that 
one's courage, the other one's sym- 
pathetic attitude. Right now there 
are as many of you imitating some 
human quality of your favorite aunt 
or uncle as there are imitating some 
attitude of Eleanor Bold from Barches- 

Scott Posey, Sharon Core and 
Mercy Badia enjoy outdoor cafe 
at Atlanta's Woodruff Arts 
Center complex 

terTowers, or Pilate Dead from Song 
of Solomon, or Old Phoenix from 'A 
Worn Path," or even Ramona Quimby 
from Ramona The Brave. And think 
what a rich treasury of models you 
now have that you would otherwise 
not have had. 

Nor are the visions of the human 
confined to the personal and indi- 
vidual level. The kind of person one 
will he is related, in sometimes in- 
visible ways, to the kind of world in 
which we will live. In fact, because 
these relations between the personal 
and the communal are sometimes 
invisible, you ignore them at your 
peril. You cannot be a person who 
shapes her life according to her artis- 
tic vision if you live under a regime 
which prescribes what is acceptable 
art; nor can you fulfill your role as a 
parent in a world destroying itself 
through preparations for global war. 
The skill of a free person is the skill of 
self-determination, not in the narrow 
sense of self. You are who you are 
because of the society in which you 
live; so you cannot be concerned 
about the sort of person you are and 
unconcerned about the society you 

live in. The skill of shaping oneself 
must include the skill of shaping 

This dimension of the liberal arts is 
not trivial. In one of its many incar- 
nations, among the ancient Greeks, 
this kind of education was to provide 
leaders for the city. And it is no acci- 
dent that at Princeton we see blazoned 
forth "Princeton in the service of the 
nation." In New Haven, at every 
turn one reads "For God, for country, 
and for Yale." 

We at Agnes Scott can be no less 
bold — although we might be a bit 
less nationalistic. If you are to prac- 
tice the skill of a free woman you 
must be a leader — in your party, in 
your country, in your religion, in your 
state, in your nation, and in your 
world. How can you direct these 
enterprises if you do not have a vision 
of the way individuals constitute and 
are constituted by their societies? To 
have this vision of the whole, you 
must know the possibilities of form 
that different societies have assumed 
and do assume. You need many vi- 
sions of societies, across history, 
across cultures, analyzed, quantified 

136 SPRING 1986 

and criticized — just the sort of vi- 
sions you have been enjoying over the 
past years in such areas as history, 
political science, economics and 
sociology. And, ot course, the effect 
ot the natural sciences on these vi- 
sions, both personal and social, is 
profound, disturbing and exciting. 

Now let me creep down a little 
from the peaks ot Mt. Dangerous 
Generalization. Education in the 
liberal arts is education in a way ot 
life. But we cannot be simpleminded 
about this. I hope no one thinks that 
there is implicit in all of this a utilita- 
rian proposal that would have us strip 
mine literature for moral lessons or 
reform biology so that we get socially 
usetul biology. If I may borrow from 
Wittgenstein, that would he like 
trying to get to the real onion by 
peeling oft all those layers of skin. 

No one who knows this college 
would seriously entertain such a pro- 
posal. We are just too chock-full of 
people who love their disciplines. I 
use the word "love" advisedly here, 
and Plato is my adviser. Of course, 
large universities have people who 
are devoted servants of the various 
disciplines. But another thing which 
makes a college like this distinctive is 
that we not only love our disciplines, 
we also communicate that love. We 
do not just try to communicate that 
love in spite of large classes filled 
with strange faces that will never be 
seen again. We do communicate that 
love in small classes of familiar faces. 

Last year I had an experience at 
Agnes Scott that all ot you have had 
in one way or another. I was a student 
of some excellent teachers — in the 
Genetics Engineering Seminar, as it 
happened. I could have chosen any of 
those teachers; but let me pick on 
one of them — Harry Wistrand — 
because his subject matter might 
seem to the outsider so unloveable. I 
can tell you that Harry loves what 
biology tells him about the world. 
And in his classroom he is intent on 
making the rest of us share his love. 
That is what we do so well here; we 

communicate not only our knowl- 
edge but our enthusiasm. We help 
our students become fascinated by — 
and e\'en come to love — what our 
various disciplines tell us about the 
world. It is what our students de- 
mand: not just tacts but the \'alue ot 
those tacts. They want to know why 
they should care. And it takes a spe- 
cial kind ot place tor that communi- 
cation ot knowledge and enthusiasm 
to take place. 

No, there is no substitute tor the 
integrity of those methods that our 
various disciplines have devised and 
by which they deliver up the riches ot 
their \-arious subject matters. But, 

How tragic it is when 

someone ignores the 

foreseeable because she 

just did not learn to think 

hard enough. 

neither should we let this truth beget 
an illegitimate spirit of sectarianism. 
That a discipline is good in itself does 
not mean that it cannot also be good 
tor another, larger end. Let us not 
torget that generation atter genera- 
tion have sacriticed to build these 
colleges of scholars, not just because 
trom them we get keen philosophers, 
excellent chemists and subtle politi- 
cal scientists. The basic moti\'ation 
tor these institutions is that they do 
the best job of passing on to the next 
generation the very best images that 
our tradition has for being human 
and ot helping that generation to use 
those images well. 

And how do Bach and Kandinsky 
otter us visions ot the human? ref- 
ugees trom aesthetics might ask. 
That's a story for another time. I now 
must draw to a close by talking about 
one ot my favorite topics: critical 
reasoning. Once we have the visions, 
reason is the way we realize these 
visions, whose attractiveness we 
cannot resist. We think hard and 
long about which parts of which 

\isions to make real and how to make 
them real. Math, science — usetul in 
so many other ways — can be good tor 
this skill, as can, even, philosophy. 
Disinterested in one way — but vi- 
talK interested in its own uitegrity — 
each accepts no substitute tor good, 
hard, crystal-clear thinking. Nor is 
there any substitute \or that kinel ot 
thinking when it comes to the kmd 
ot lite one would lead and the kind ot 
world she would live it in. And 
whether you know it or not, yixi ha\'e 
already begun to use that sharpened 
skill in sorting out your own lite. Ot 
course, reason cannot make your lite 
mistake-proot; there are just too 
many unforeseeable circumstances. 
But how tragic it is when someone 
ignores the foreseeable because she 
just did not learn to think hard 

And now thmk ot those who have 
not learned the craft of a free 
woman — who have not been given 
the opportunity to imagine all the 
possibilities, including those which 
women's literature is now presenting. 
Think ot those whose reason has not 
been brought to new levels oi sophis- 
tication, in choosing ends to be 
achie\-ed, nor in figuring out the 
means to achieve them. Ot course, 
there are some people who learn all 
of this without going to Agnes Scott; 
and I would not want to underesti- 
mate their accomplishment. But, 
given the odds that face most of us, 
no wonder we see in you this splendid 

Fundamentally, that is what makes 
this so good a place to be. The faculty 
not only has the opportunity to pur- 
sue the disciplines we love; we also 
are allowed to assist you in this vital 
project of shaping your life. And 
students not only come to love those 
same disciplines, but also to fashion 
themselves while studying and using 
the visions these disciplines make 
possible. Best ot all, on occasions like 
this, we get to see and to honor the 
results not only of our labors, but also 
of yours. 



President Schmidt names 
Gue Pardue Hudson '68 
dean of students 

President Ruth A. Schmidt 
has selected Gue Pardue 
Hudson dean ot students. 
Hudson, a 1968 graduate of 
Agnes Scott, had served as 
acting dean of students since 
fall 1985. Since coming to 
Agnes Scott in 1974 as assis- 
tant to the dean ot the faculty 
and a lecturer in education, 
she has also served as class 
dean for freshmen and sopho- 
mores, assistant dean of the 
College, and coordinator 
of the faculty admissions 

Dean Hudson will advise 
student leaders; counsel stu- 
dents; develop programs to 
enhance student life; manage 
health services, financial aid, 
and career counseling and 
placement; supervise resi- 
dence hall staffs and advise 
the president on student- 
related issues. 

Hudson said, "1 see my 
biggest challenge as that of 
helping young women grow 
and develop for a future world 
that we don't know \'ery much 
about. I believe in educating 
the whole woman, giving her 
strengths — education, 
character, and values — to 
help her make good decisions 
about her lite." 

A new ptiysical activities 
center planned for 
Agnes Scott College 

A new gymnasium is planned 
for the Agnes Scott College 

Plans for the Agnes Scott 
centennial campus had in- 
cluded renovating and adjoin- 
ing Bucher Scott Gymnasium 
and Frances Winship Walters 
Infirmary — an estimated 
$2.75 million job. But archi- 

tects were forced to scrap the 
idea of common housing for 
all physical education, recre- 
ational and social facilities 
when probes of subsoil condi- 
tions between the two build- 
ings showed the soil to be too 
poor to support the expanded 
structure and a larger swim- 
ming pool. 

The Board of Trustees 
requested a re-evaluation, 
and last tall Taylor Anderson 
Architects presented six 
options to the Agnes Scott 
community. All solutions 
invoK'ed building a new gym- 
nasium as well as renovating 
the existing structures. 

The Board of Trustees have 
tentatively approved a plan. 
"We are committed to the 
renovations and new build- 
ing," said Vice President of 
Business and Finance Gerald 
O. Whittington. "We are 
identifying sources ot funds to 
determine a starting date." 

The new site is on Dougherty 
Street across from the tennis 
courts. Existing underground 
electrical cables, phone lines, 
sewage systems, plumbing 
and drainage narrowed the 
choice of locations. Estimated 
to cost $3 million, the gym 
will house a regulation basket- 
ball court and a six- or eight- 
lane swimming pool, lockers, 
viewing galleries, faculty 
offices, mechanical rooms, a 
weight room, training room, 
laundry, and lobby. 

The reno\'ated infirmary 
will include campus offices, 
meeting rooms and a faculty 
club. The old gym will house 
a snack bar, TV/stereo lounge 
and game room, chapel and 
chaplain's office, three racquet- 
ball courts, lockers, bathrooms, 
minigym, dance studio and 
offices, training room, weight 
room, classroom, laundry and 

Agnes Scott celebrates 
Founder's Day witti a 
liberal arts symposium 

Dr. Catherim; Stimpson ddivered 
the FiddiciL'r's Day address. 

Founder's Day celebration 
expanded this year to a sym- 
posium on liberal arts educa- 
tion and the rapidly changing 

On Feb. 18-19, "The Lib- 
eral Arts College, Private 
Enterprise and the Future 
World," symposium, spon- 
sored by the Hal and Julia T 
Smith Chair ot Free Enter- 
prise, presented both practical 
and academic views of educa- 
tional issues related to our 
economy and its operation. 

Dr. Albert Badre, president 
emeritus ot Beirut University 
in Lebanon and Smith Profes- 
sor of Free Enterprise at Agnes 
Scott, coordinated the sym- 
posium. According to Dr. 
Badre, "Private Enterprise 
and the liberal arts college are 
two important institutions 
which have played major roles 
in the development of the 
United States. The sympo- 
sium examined their future 
roles in a world ot nations 
becoming increasingly in- 
terdependent, but with vast 
differences in culture, 
ideologies and economic 

At the opening dinner. Dr. 
Harlan Cleveland, dean of 

the Hubert Humphrey Insti- 
tute of Public Affairs at the 
University of Minnesota-Twin 
Cities, addressed the topic 
'Are We Educating for an 
Information Society?" He 
explored changes occurring as 
our society changes from an 
industrial to an informational 
one and whether those changes 
will alter relationships in the 

The program began with 
"The American Dream, Mak- 
ing It a Functioning Reality," 
by Dr. Michael H. Mescon, 
the Bernard B. and Eugenia 
A. Ramsey Chair ot Free 
Enterprise and dean of the 
college of business administra- 
tion at Georgia State Univer- 
sity in Atlanta. Dr. Mescon, 
who held the first established 
chair of free enterprise, pro- 
vided a scholarly examination 
ot what makes the U.S. econ- 
omy tick — including its 
failures and glories. 

Dr. Catherine R. Stimpson, 
professor ot English, acting 
dean ot the graduate school at 
Rutgers University and chair 
of the National Council for 
Research on Women, explored 
the question "Will the Liberal 
Arts Survive through the 
Twenty-First Century?" Dr. 
Stimpson's address was part ot 
Agnes Scott's Founders Day 
Celebration, commemorating 
the College's 97th birthday. 

Director ot advanced pas- 
toral studies and professor of 
the sociology ot religion. Dr. 
Walter T Davis Jr. , of the San 
Francisco Theological Semi- 
nary in San Anselmo, Calif. , 
discussed "Third World 
Options tor the Future." 
Dr. Davis focused on the need 
to educate more advanced 
countries about those issues 
most urgent for less developed 

The program concluded 
with a panel discussion prob- 
ing education and its relation 
to the economy. 

138 SPRING 1986 


Happy 100th birthday 
to an ASC alumna from 
the class of 1906 

Ida Lee Hill Irvin '06 cele- 
brated her 100th birthday, 
March 2. 

Two hundred friends and 
relatives came to the Jennings 
Health Center, in Augusta, 
to celebrate. 

The mayor (Mrs. Irvin's 
cousin) and his wite, her 
pastor and fellow church 
members, the local newspaper 
editor (a personal friend) and 
family and friends came from 
all over. 

Mrs. Irvin's surviving son 
Charles organized the party 
with the support of many 
friends and relatives. A 
friend, Mrs. JoelTutt, made 
a three-tier birthday cake 
topped with a handmade 
confection "100" and a 

"Mother thoroughly en- 
joyed the party," said Charles 
Ir\-in. "She took it in stride 
and didn't 'droop.' She was 
very alert, greeting her guests, 
and recognized almost every- 
one who attended." 

The Agnes Scott Alumnae 
Association and the Augusta 
Alumnae Club sent Mrs. 
Irvin flower arrangements for 
her birthday. She also re- 
ceived a letter from President 
Ruth Schmidt. 

Mrs. Irvin returned to her 
hometown of Washington, 
Ga. , after her years at Agnes 
Scott, married Isaiah Tucker 
Irvin in 1913, and taught 
school. They had fi\-e chil- 
dren, including twins which 
died at birth. 

"Mother is a deeply con- 
secrated Christian and a 
dedicated Bible student," said 
Charles. "For years she partic- 
ipated in the Women of the 
Church on the local and state 

le\'el, but she lox'ed most of 
all to share her profound 
knowledge ot scripture." 

Mrs. Irvin moved to the 
Jennings Health Center 
about six years ago after she 
broke her hip and was con- 
fined to a wheelchair. The 
Health Center, in Augusta, 
was owned and managed by 
Miss Mildred L. Jennings '28, 
until her retirement in 1983. 
Charles says Mrs. Ir\'in 
doesn't recommend "being 
100" to anybody. She once 
said that some people just live 
too long, though she quickly 
added that she wasn't quite 
ready to go. 

At Agnes Scott, Mrs. Ir\-in 
vx-as elected to Phi Beta Kappa 
when the chapter was begun 
in 1926 and was a charter 
member. Her sister, Mrs. 
Rosa Hill Strickland, at- 
tended ASC in 1915. 

Mrs. Irvin kept in touch 
with many friends from Agnes 

Scott, including Mary Eli:a 
Kelly Van de Erx'e '06 and 
Julia Dagmar Sams (Insti- 
tute). Mrs. Irvin lost touch 
with Mrs. Van de Erve a few 
years ago, but is still close 
friends with Miss Sams. 

Charles Ir\'in often takes a 
"letter" from his mother — 
on cassette tape — to Miss 
Sams, who tapes a response to 
Mrs. Irvin. "Nothing takes 
the place of college friends. 
Ida Lee and I have always 
kept in touch," said Miss 
Sams, who at 99 still lives by 
herself. "You just say 'go' to 
me and I'm ready," she said. 
"Ida Lee and I ha\-e each had 
a good life, though there have 
been some rough spots. We're 
both fortunate." 

With any luck at all, Miss 
Sams will turn 100 next year, 
and ei'cr^'ont; comes to a 100th 
birthday party. 

Agnes Scott College and friends save 
four Decatur landmarks from the ax 

Decatur pear trees were in a 
pickle between progress and 

Since 1972, when Decatur 
launched a tree-planting 
program to beautify the com- 
munity, each spring the white 
blossoms of the Bradford pear 
trees lining Church Street 
captivated passers-by. 

One day, like graffiti, the 
word CUT appeared on the 
pear trees as the Department 
of Transportation prepared to 
widen the jammed two-lane 
street. Upset citizens called 
the city, imploring them to 
consider alternatives to cut- 
ting the trees. 

The Decatur Clean and 
Beautiful Task Force reached 
out to the neighborhood, 
requesting homes for the trees 
and plants that had to be up- 
rooted. Agnes Scott Grounds 
Supervisor Tommy Hailey and 
Penny Rush Wistrand went to 
Church Street to choose some 
plants for the ASC campus, 

saw the trees and asked about 
Agnes Scott adopting them. 

The cost of moving the 25- 
to 35-foot trees was the main 
drawback. Agnes Scott volun- 
teered to give the trees a home 
it the city could arrange to 
mo\'e them. 

Trees Atlanta, Inc. , a non- 
profit citizens group who 
plants new trees and conserves 
existing trees, organized the 
move. Bartlett Tree Experts 
trimmed the trees to make 
them less cumbersome and to 
balance the remaining roots 
to the trees. 

Sudden Shade Co. moved 
the trees using a giant tree 
spade and trucks. Some of the 
trees could not be moved 
because their roots grew near 
gas and electrical lines. 

The Bradford pear trees at 
Agnes Scott are thriving — 
and last month again graced 
Decatur with their beautiful 
white blossoms. 


Agnes Scott College 
Decatur, Georgia 30030 

Nonprofit Organization 



Decatur, GA 30030 

Permit No. 469 












How do we educate students? Page 12. 



Was the beloved past 
her country fought to defend 

a lie? 
by Chizuko Y. Kojima '54 


'e're celebrating. 

For the first time, Agnes 

Scott's publication program 
earned two gold medals and a silver 
medal in the Council for the Ad- 
vancement and Support of Education 
Recognition Program. Our total 
publications program, including the 
alumnae magazine. Mam Events, The 
President's Report, the new recruit- 
ment materials and other pieces, was 
recognized for outstanding improve- 
ment and overall excellence. 
Four other college and university 
programs nationwide received gold 
medals in this category. The alumnae 
magazine took honors with a silver 
medal for improvement. 

In this issue we are pleased to 
highlight a powerful symposium 
arranged on campus by the Alumnae 
Association's Continuing Education Committee. 
"Violence Against Women" offered striking messages 
about abuse against women, children and elders. The 
article by Katherine White Ellison '62 is adapted from 
her address at the closing session. Other speakers 
included local and nationally known professionals, 

many of them our own alumnae. The 
symposium drew police sergeants, 
social workers, pastors, 
psychologists, medical professionals, 
and local residents. 

In other features, Chizuko Y. 
Kojima '54X writes of her experience 
as a young child in wartime Japan. 
Her story movingly portrays a stu- 
dent's trust in her teachers. 

As the world debates sanctions 
against South Africa, Winona Kirby 
Ramsaur '78 takes a look at issues 
when personal and legal values col- 
lide in "Walking a Fine Line." Asso- 
ciate Professor of Psychology Ayse 
llgaz Carden '66 examines nostalgia, 
stress and change in our lives in her 
article. And Jo Hathaway Merriman 
'58 writes about a member of the 
Class of 1922 who is still pioneering 
as a psychiatrist. 

In our next issue, we plan to keep celebrating — this 
time we'll feature the reopening of Agnes Scott and 
Rebekah Scott Halls. In the meantime, we appreciate 
your feedback, suggestions and article ideas. Let us hear 
from you. — Lynn Donham 

Lil<e other content of the magazine, this 

article reflects the opinion of the 

writer and not the viewpoint of 

the College, its trustees or administration. 

12 FALL 1986 


Lynn Donham 
Managing Editor 

Stacey Noiles 
Editorial Assistant 

Carolyn Wynens 
Student Assistant 

Fatima Ford '89 
Editorial Advisory Board 

Dr. Ayse Uga: Garden '66 

Laura Whicner Dorsey '35 

Susan Ketchin Edgerton '70 

Sandra Maytield Gluck 

Mary K. Owen Jarboe '68 

Mildred Love Petty '61 

Lucia Howard Si:emore '65 

Elizabeth Stevenson '41 

Copyright 1986, Agnes Scott College. 

Published three times a year by 

the Office of Publications of Agnes 

Scott College, Buttrick Hall, College 

Avenue, Decatur, GA 30030, 404/371-6315. 

The magazine is published tor alumnae 

and friends of the College. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to Office 

of Development and Public Affairs, Agnes 

Scott College, Decatur, GA 30030. 


We regret that in the Summer issue 
of Main Events, a caption incorrectly 
stated that Professor Kate McKemie 
would retire next year as professor 
of physical education. Professor 
McKemie is not retiring; she is 
stepping down only as marshal. 

Agnes Scott 
Alumnae Magazine 



Fall 1986 
X'olume 64 Number 2 


I Will Not Look Back 

Fourteen-year-old Chizuko Yoshimura saw war's 

destruction first-hand. An alumna's moving story 

of wartime Japan. By Chizuko Y. Kojima 


The Doctor Is In 

A lively examination of Dr. Ruth Pirkle Berkeley, 
a practicing psychiatrist at 87. By Jo Hathau^ay Merriman 


Home Is Where You Make It 

Remembering how things used to he can help us cope 
with today's stress and change. B}' Ayse llgaz Garden 


Walking a Fine Line 

When does injustice justify breaking the law? 
By Winona Kirby Ramsaur 


Living Gently In a Violent World 

Victims often become abusers; simple solutions don't work. 
Where do we go from here ? B}' Katherine White Ellison 

Lifestyles ... 4 

Finale . 






Tax hikes propelled Mary Alice Juhan into action-she's been taclding new causes ever since 

The name Mary Alice 
Juhan '29 gets around 
a lot these days. Miss 
Juhan can frequently be 
found in the papers, espous- 
ing her ideas and opinions 
about a better way of doing 

She's not wild about 
some of the things the 
government does, and she 
lets them know about it, 
attending — and speaking 
at — public meetings, writ- 
ing letters and gathering 
petitions and occasionally 
writing opinion pieces and 
letters to editors of news- 

She's not always been 
like this. In fact. Miss 
Juhan didn't become politi- 
cally active until about a 
dozen years ago, when the 
government started impos- 
ing on her. 

After about 65 years of 
peaceful coexistence with 
various governments. Miss 
Juhan suddenly found her 
property taxes quadrupled 
in the space of a year. 

"My tax went up and up 
and out of sight," Miss 
Juhan says. "You'd get 
involved, too." 

"I used to think anybody 
who jumped up and down 
and screamed about govern- 
ment was a little corny, a 
little off," says Miss Juhan. 

But when her property 
taxes skyrocketed from 
about $300-400 per year to 
about $1,700, she under- 
stood why some people did 
jump up and down and 

She got a group of like- 
minded people together 
and the Gwinnett County 
(Ga.) Tax Association was 
born. That group lasted 12 
years, until last November, 
and "we did a lot of good." 

The county, she says, 
wasn't overwhelmed by the 
association, but "they paid 
a little attention to us." 

More importantly, "1 
learned so much from the 
tax association," says Miss 
Juhan. When her taxes 
went up, "1 was forced to 
sell. It was beyond my 
pocketbook. That was 
really the reason 1 got on 
the nettle." 

Missjuhan says the little 
man in Gwinnett County 
doesn't have a chance as a 
property owner these days. 
"Property in Gwinnett 
County is in corporations, 
and big things." 

Miss Juhan's not afraid 
to tackle any subject and 
speak her mind about 

She has a petition drive 
underway asking legislators 
to push for legislation that 
would prohibit any em- 
ployer from forcing an 
employee to work on his 
Sabbath day. 

She also believes there is 
no need for a road author- 
ity, as is under considera- 
tion in Gwinnett County, 
because "we have eight 
(authorities) already." She 
thinks a sewerage bond is 
taking county residents for 

Juhan believes in staying informed: "You can't oppose what you don't 
know's happening. " 

a ride because, "We didn't 
vote on it any more than 
we are pygmies in Africa. 
You can't oppose what you 
don't know's happening." 
Private concerns. Miss 
Juhan says, "shouldn't be 
allowed to latch on to our 
municipal bonds." 

She thinks the county 
needs a little more foresight 
and a little less blind pro- 
gress: "You don't wait," she 

says, "until you get in the 
building before you do your 
inspecting." — Chip Carter 

Gwinnett County has been 
the fastest groiving county in 
the United States for the past 
two years. This article re- 
printed with permission from 
The Home Weekly, Law- 
renceville, Ga. 



Harriet Amos tells tier tiometown's tiistory in 'Cotton City' 

Having just published 
her tirst hook last 
year, Harriet Amos 
72 is already hard at work 
on her next one, which 
will describe race relations 
during Reconstruction. 

In 1985 the University 
of Alabama Press published 
Dr. Amos' book. Cotton 
City: Urban Development in 
Antebellum Mobile. "The 
book covers the urban, 
local and social history of 
Mobile during the ante- 
bellum period," explains 
Amos. "It explores the 
pluses and minuses of an 
economy built on the cot- 
ton industry. " 

For her research Amos 
traveled to Chapel Hill, 
Montgomery, Boston and 
New York City. However, 
the Mobile native's interest 
in her hometown began 
long before she thought of 
writing a book — back to 
her high school days, in 
fact. For a term paper as- 
signment, her teacher 
suggested she write about 
Mobile's "golden age" — 
the 1850s. The research 
stimulated her interest in 
her native city and she 
continued to do research at 
Agnes Scott. Her under- 
graduate work culminated 
in an independent study 
paper under the direction 
of Professor John Gignilliat, 
whom she acknowledges in 
her book. 

She student-taught at a 

high school during her last 
quarter at Agnes Scott but 
decided she would prefer to 
teach more mature stu- 
dents. At that time she was 
accepted to graduate school 
at Emory University, and 
she began her preparation 
to teach college students. 
Since her mother was a 
teacher, teaching became 
"a natural" profession for 
her, says Amos, who also 
recalls enjoying Professor 


Gerald ine Meroney's teach- 
ing style. 

Amos developed her 
expertise at Emory, where 
she earned master's and 
doctoral degrees. Her doc- 
toral dissertation on 
Mobile's growth became 
the basis for her book. 

Following graduate 
school, she worked as assis- 
tant reference archivist in 
special collections at the 
Emory library and taught 
part time at Reinhardt 
College in north Georgia. 
For one year she taught at 
Marquette University in 

Now she is an associate 
professor of history at the 
University of Alabama in 
Birmingham, where she 
taught U.S history from 
1815-1877 for seven years. 
This year Amos is on sab- 
batical as she researches 
and writes her second 
book, which she says con- 
cerns "how black and white 
citizens adjusted to the 
blacks' freedom during 

Amos says she enjoys 
researching and writing 
equally. "When I do re- 
search, it's very encourag- 
ing to find something. 
When I write, 1 enjoy see- 
ing everything come to- 
gether," she says. —Laurie 
K. McBrayer '83 

Amos acknowledges the influence 
of Agnes Scott Professor John 
Gignilliat in her first book. Cotton 



Margaret Guill probes link between molds and asthmatic children's allergies 

Dr. Margaret "Lou" 
Guill '69 is trying 
to find out just how 
important mold is in the 
initiation of asthmatic 
attacks in children with 

"This is especially impor- 
tant in our area of Georgia 
and South Carolina be- 
cause here we have more 
mold spores in the air than 
pollen," the associate 
professor ot pediatrics and 
medicine at the Medical 
College of Georgia said. 

Guill's three-year study 
involves giving children 
who are allergic to molds 
the inhalation challenge. 
During the inhalation 
challenge, the child in- 
hales increasing amounts 
of mold extract and then is 
tested to see how his pulmo- 
nary function reacts. 

The test lasts about two 
hours. Afterwards, the 
child is watched in the lab 
for another eight hours to 
prevent complications that 
might arise from mold 
extraction inhalation. 

Complications may range 
from simple allergic reac- 
tions to severe asthmatic 
attacks involving sneezing, 
wheezing and an inability 
to breathe. Blood tests are 
given to test for histamines, 
substances released by the 
tissues during allergic 

Allergy-prone individu- 
als have a hard time escap- 
ing mold because there are 
literally hundreds of molds, 
both indoors and outdoors, 
Guill said. 

Molds are furry growths 
found on the surface of 
organic matter. They thrive 
in such damp places as old 
shoes, decaying leaves, and 

'Although mold allergy 
is not a life-threatening 
problem, it does cause a 
loss ot time from school for 
children under 17," Guill 
said. "Twenty-five percent 
of the days missed at school 
are caused by allergies." 
— Karen Williams 

This article reprinted by 
permission from MCG Today. 

Gni/(, her husband and their two children live in Augusta, Ga. 

Doris Butler finds a gem in joining the family business 

Dons Butler '85 was 
three months old 
when her father 
bought his jewelry store in 
Selma, Ala. "He and my 
mother were working long 
hours then," Butler says. 
"They laugh about taking 
me with them when they 
went back to the store at 
night, and putting me on 
the diamond counter in my 
infant seat. That's probably 
when I decided on my 

As a 4-year-old she was 

still too small to peer over 
the counters, but she re- 
members pulling up a stool 
and precociously asking 
customers, "May 1 help 

Butler worked summers 
and Christmas holidays in 
the store as a teenager in 
anticipation of her career 
goal. After graduation 
from Agnes Scott, the 
economics major studied at 
the Gemological Institute 
of America in Los Angeles 
for seven months. She took 

courses in diamond and 
colored stone evaluation, 
grading and identification. 

"The background knowl- 
edge from these studies will 
give me confidence in the 
job I'm doing here," she 
explains. "But it also 
spoiled me. 1 have held a 
65 -carat pink diamond in 
my hand." 

Now an apprentice, 
Butler buys, sells and keeps 
inventory of colored stones 
in her father's store. She 
soon will be a registered 

jeweler— a title roughly 
comparable to that of a law 
school graduate. At the 
end of the year, she hopes 
to become a certified 
gemologist and eventually, 
a certified appraiser. 

Right now, she concen- 
trates on learning the 
jewelry business from the 
bottom up. "The thing 1 
love most is when someone 
buys a fine piece of 
jewelry — it makes them 
happy," she says. "They 
identify me with that hap- 

I6fAII 19fi(S 


Ruth Heffron finds flair for fund raising, starts foundation to support social concerns 

hen she was in- 
volved in fund 
raising for Junior 
Jaunt at Agnes Scott, Ruth 
Hyatt Heftron 70 didn't 
know that one day she 
would he writing grant 
proposals for $75,000. 

Since 1981 Heftron has 
served as executive director 
of the Trident Community 
Foundation in Charleston, 
S.C. For six months she 
worked on long-range plan- 
ning for the young organiza- 
tion. Then she was asked 
to be director. 

'Almost immediately I 
started writing $75,000 
grant proposals and 1 had 
never written one," she 
says. "It was a little like 
doing a research paper at 
Agnes Scott. It was scary 
at first, but then it got 
better." She says an inde- 
pendent study under the 
guidance of Professor 
Wilmer Moomaw at Agnes 
Scott on Atlanta's Model 
Cities project helped give 

her insight into her work. 

The foundation asks 
private individuals and 
corporate directors to con- 
tribute money to form a 
pool of funds for various 
organizations and causes. 
"We now have assets close 
to $1 million," says Heffron. 
"This is the first year we 
have been able to give 
away money. " 

The foundation sponsors 
several projects, including 
a food bank that serves 52 
agencies; the Charleston 
Intertaith Ministry, which 
serves the homeless and 
needy; and the Peninsular 
Economic Education Pro- 
gram (PEEP). 

PEEP was a two-year 
project that established a 
Junior Achievement (JA) 
program on Charleston's 
East Side, a low-income, 
high-risk area. The founda- 
tion opened a J A office in 
the Business and Technical 
Center, housed in an old 
East Side cigar factory. 

Ruth Hyatt Heffron 

Owned by City Venture 
Corporation, the center 
allows small businesses to 
rent space at minimal cost 
in order to promote growth. 

The success rate of the 
students who participated 
in the program was so high 
that now there is a J A club 
at a high school in the 

As a volunteer, Heffron 
was appointed to chair the 

pmess, and they're always 
glad when they see me. I 
like that." 

In assisting customers, 
Butler like to "consider 
their age, their size, their 
lifestyle and their taste. Do 
they like traditional, con- 
temporary or avant garde 
jewelry?" she asks. 

"For example," she 
notes, "when a girl is just 
turning 16, a small cluster 
of diamonds is appropriate. 

Anything larger would be 

Her father, now her 
boss, is delighted with his 
new employee. "I've been 
waiting for this day for four 
and a half years," he 
says. —Jean Martin 

Adapted with permission 
from The Selma Times- 

mayor's Food Policy Com- 
mission, which addresses 
food shortages among the 
needy. The commission is 
now implementing recom- 
mendations for several 
projects, including a plan 
to distribute food stamps at 
fire stations rather than at 
post offices, which are 
fewer in number and open 
fewer hours. Other projects 
involve establishing a 
Meals on Wheels program, 
investigating access to 
grocery stores from new 
housing for the elderly, and 
starting an urban garden 
program, which would 
allow youth to earn money 
while learning manage- 
ment and gardening skills 
under adult supervision. 

Heffron's extensive com- 
munity work led to her 
selection as a board 
member of the South 
Carolina Committee for 
the Humanities. Apolitical 
science/American history 
major at Agnes Scott, 
Heffron notes that "not 
just the poor are victims of 
cutbacks." She was im- 
mediately placed on the 
special initiative commit- 
tee, "which really means 
fund raising," she explains. 

"With a high illiteracy 
rate in South Carolina, it 
becomes almost mandatory 
to find unique and innova- 
tive ways to incite an under- 
standing of the humanities. " 
—Laurie K. McBrayer '83 

Dons Butler 


Will Not 
Look Bock 

At 14, she had lost her city and part of her childhood 

to the war's destruction. 

Would she now lose her history, too? 

By Chizuko Y Kojima '54X 

During World War II, I was 
ready to die for my country. 
At the time of the attack on 
Pearl Harbor in 1941, I was a fifth- 
grader in a public elementary school 
in Gifu City, Japan. I had always 
liked school. School was my life, and 
at 10, I was dead serious about it. 

Long before Pearl Harbor, Japan 
had been at war with China. The 
actual fighting had begun the year 
I was born, but as a fifth-grader I 
did not know it because nobody had 
told me. 

In the newspapers and everywhere 
else, the war in China started by 
Japanese invasion was termed the 
"China Incident." I knew Japanese 
soldiers were in China, but I didn't 
know they were invading it. All I 
knew was they were sacrificing their 
lives away from home for the sake of 
their country, especially for the em- 
peror, the head of our nation — like 
the father in each family. 

At school I sang songs about sol- 
diers defending the countr\\ I wrote 
letters to them as the teacher as- 
signed us to do. I wrote compositions 
about brave soldiers. Whatever my 

Fourteen-year-old Chizuko Yoshimura 

The author attended Agnes Scott from 
1951 -53, after which she returned to 
Japan to marry. Stimulated by a class 
taken with Professor Catherine Sims, 
the adolescent girl's bias against his- 
tory eventually disappeared under the 
professor s tutorage and she made it 
her major 

A widow since 1971 , Mrs. Kojima 
lives with her two children in Raleigh, 
N. C. , where she is a freelance trans- 
lator, interpreter and language 

teachers taught me, 1 accepted 

After December the eighth (not 
the seventh) ot 1941, the schools 
were forced to intensify their 
militaristic education. Now that we 
were really in the war against Eng- 
land and the United States, I joined 
the whole nation in the sacred war 
against the devils. Every country of 
Asia had been exploited by the covet- 
ous Western nations; Japan had to 
fight for the "Co-prosperity Sphere 
of Greater East Asia. " The emperor 
had given us an order and everybody, 
including the children, had a task to 
perform. The slogan for the children 
was, "Until we win, we will not wish 
for anything." 

On the eighth day of every month 
and on many other ceremonial occa- 
sions, all 1,500 children ot our school 
assembled on the grounds like cadets 
in a military school. The principal, 
dressed in morning coat, then walked 
to a small, shrine-like building at the 
corner of the grounds, where a pic- 
ture ot the emperor and the imperial 
decrees were kept. While the princi- 
pal entered the building, brought 

18 FALL 1986 

out the box and walked back to the 
platform, all ot us had to keep our 
heads bowed. Once he reached the 
platform, the principal ceremoni- 
ously opened the box with white- 
gloved hands and read the whole 
decree proclaiming the war. It was 
long and hard to understand, but the 
upper-grade pupils had studied it in 
class, so I knew what was read. 

Whatever I saw printed 

I honored and 

beUeved to be true. 

Our nation was unique in the 
world because of our divine emperor, 
whose pure lineage began more than 
2 , 600 years ago. Under him we had a 
sacred duty to expel the source ot 
evil from East Asia. We had to be- 
come the "Light of Greater East 
Asia" and ultimately of the world. 
The righteousness and justice of the 
Empire would prevail in this great 

Following the reading, the princi- 
pal made a long speech. When the 
ceremony was finally over, we turned 
toward the flag with its crimson 
circle on a white rectangle. As a 
teacher gave a signal, we sang the 
grave war anthem with the brass 
accompaniment. I liked the beauti- 
ful, solemn melody. The words had 
been written in the classical Japanese 
style by a warrior poet many centuries 
ago. Many younger children, and 
perhaps some of my classmates, did 
not know the meaning of the poem 
because some of its language was 
archaic. But I knew what I was sing- 
ing. The poem went like this: 

When I go to sea, 

I shall become a corpse under the water 

When 1 go to the mountains, 

I shall become a corpse in the grass. 

I want to die by the side of our Great 

Lord (emperor) 
I will not look back. 

So the war went on. After several 
months of glorious victories on sea 
and land, the Japanese army and 
navy began to suffer reverses. But the 
true story did not reach the public, 
much less the school children. As a 
class officer, I went to school every 
morning earlier than others and 
copied onto the blackboard the daily 
war report from the newspaper. 

After finishing elementary school 
and passing a written examination 
and the formal oral interview for 
which I had prepared many months, 
1 entered a girls' high school. The 
school for girls in grades seven to 10 
(there was no coeducational institu- 
tion beyond the elementary level in 
Japan then) had been founded by the 
prefectural government under the 
auspices of the national education 
ministry decades ago. The goal of 
the school was plainly stated to us as 
my new classmates and I attended 
the opening ceremony in our new 

uniforms; we were there to be trained 

to become Japanese women — good 
wives and wise mothers. We learned 
how to bow more deeply, how to 
speak more politely and hciw to walk 
properly, in silence, in the halls. 

The national language, mathe- 
matics, science and history were all 
taught according to the rigid tradi- 
tion of Japanese education. Also in 
the curriculum were music, art, cal- 
ligraphy, sewing, cooking and even 
flower arrangement and tea cere- 
mony. 1 was fascinated by my first 
experience of learning a foreign lan- 
guage, which was English. 

Since childhood I had been taught 
to revere letters and writing. On 
January 2 every year, my father led 
the family in the ritual exercise of 
the first day of the year for writing. 
We all wrote something appropriate 
to the season on the large sheets ot 
rice paper with writing brushes. He 
told us that each stroke ot each letter 

The Yoshiimira jamily m J 946, eight iiioiith.s after the Gifu air raid 


The author with Professor Catheririe Sims. "An 
air of authenticity in her class" compelled the 
20-year-old to confront history again. 

was important and had to be written 
carefully and beautifully. My mother 
always reminded me I should never 
step over a book or even a newspaper 
on the floor. Whatever I saw printed 
I honored and believed to be true — 
especially the textbooks that I 
studied hard for many tests and 
exams. We had to memorize many 
lines as written. 

In most classes, the teachers lec- 
tured, and the students performed 
only as directed. The Japanese his- 
tory taught in those days was a mix- 
ture of myth and history, and all 
textbooks were carefully written to 
reflect the government's policies. In 
the classroom, each time the teacher 
mentioned the emperor (any emperor 
of the 125 whose names we had to 
memorize), we had to stop taking 
notes and put down our pencils. We 
would sit erect in our chairs staring 
forward until the teacher gave us 
permission to resume activity. The 
spirits of all the emperors, along with 
the spirits of the soldiers who had 
recently died for our nation, were 
protecting us. We had nothing to 
fear. Japan would go on fighting its 
holy war. 

As the war situation worsened, we 
had to learn how to be fighters on 
the home front as well. Our physical 
education came to resemble military 
training, and there were many drills 
for emergencies and fire fighting. 
During the final stage of the war, 
most secondary school students all 
over Japan had to give up attending 
classes in order to participate in 
manufacturing war supplies. 

By the beginning of the summer in 
1945, the major metropolitan areas 
such as Tokyo and Osaka had been 
destroyed by U.S. bombers' frequent 
attacks. The American forces were 
gaining more footholds in the Pacific 
islands; all the cities in Japan were 
daily and nightly exposed to air 

The night of July 9 began in Gifu 
City with the usual eerie warning 
siren for the air defense. Immediately 
we turned off all the lights already 
dimmed with black shades. Though 
the summer evening was warm, we 
covered ourselves with the regular 
wartime clothes from head to toe — 
the long-sleeved shirt, long pants 
with socks, gloves and heavy, lined 
hoods, most of which had been hand- 
sewn at home of dark cotton materi- 
als. We put on our backpacks pre- 
pared with emergency supplies. As 
planned and practiced many times 
before, my mother, my 12-year-old 
brother and two young sisters left 
home with the neighborhood group 
for the designated evacuation area 
outside the town. 

1 jumped to my feet 
with the shock of a 
shrill metallic sound. 

My father and I, the oldest child, 
remained in our house adjacent to 
the large concrete building, several 
stories tall, that also belonged to us. 
We sat in the dark room near the 
courtyard tor a long time. Only the 
sound of our radio under the dark 
cover reminded us that we were still 
a part of the world. We learned that 
the target of the bombing was 
another city near the Pacific coast. It 
had received a massive attack of 
mcendiary bombs, and the whole 
town was on fire. The radio an- 
nouncer's low voice finally said that 
B-29 bombers appeared to be head- 
ing back to the ocean. We thought 
Gifu had been spared at least one 
more night; our family would soon 
be on the way back home. Because 
the last warning remained in effect, 
however, we stayed fully clothed, 
still in darkness. I must have dozed 

110 FALL 1986 

Suddenly I jumped to my teet with 
the shock ot a shrill metallic sound 
and an enormous hang that I had 
never heard before. That was the 
first bomb dropped on Gifu at the 
railroad station near our home. Im- 
mediately following were the tumul- 
tuous, chaotic sounds ot airplanes 
passing overhead and numerous 
bombs coming down like torrential 
rain, hitting and exploding. My 
father and I ran to the front part ot 
the building, where I saw electric 
wires dangling from the broken 
beams above the entrance. As we 
came out through the shattered en- 
trance, an incendiary bomb fell in 
front ot me. My clothes were covered 
by fire. We ran into a neighbor's 
house across the narrow street. My 
father quickly drenched me with 
buckets of water from the large tank 
that every household had to store for 
such an emergency. I was unharmed. 
We went back to the street and 
joined our neighbors, who were try- 
ing to extinguish tire by relaying 
buckets of water. But the raging fire 
nearly engulfed us all; someone 
shouted we had to give up. 

My tather got onto his bicycle and 
I climbed up behind him. People 
were running along both sides of the 
street. Some covered their hair with 
tuton. The scxmds of more shells 
coming down and exploding were 
deafening. Each explosion illuminated 
the dark sky and dark town beneath 
it. My father pedaled without re- 
spite, and eventually we escaped the 
pursuing fire. 

Because the bombing and fire had 
been extensive, my mother took the 
rest of the family farther into a rural 
area. My father and I searched for 
them all night long in the outskirts 
of the burning city. It was long after 
dawn when the six of us were re- 
united, all safe. 

Eighty percent of Gifu, including 
our home and everything we owned, 
was destroyed that night. Someone 

A schdLinhip enabled Chizuko Yoshimura to come' to .Agnes Scott in 1951. 

saw our building, standing till last iii 
the area, finally collapse after day- 
break. Even the set of household 
goods stored in the large shelter in 
the basement was burnt to ashes. 

If we had been willing to die for 
the emperor in the sea or in the 
mountains, we could do the same in 

The pages of 

my textbook were 

suddenly transformed; 

they looked strange 

and repulsive 

with the smeared black lines. 

the bombed street. We were not 
afraid, and we would not look back. I 
did not know how to think other- 
wise. When I returned to the total 
ruin that had been my home, I was 
sad because I could not find my red 
diary and the golden pen I had left 
beside my bed. I was sad to see the 
dead goldfish floating in the black 
water of what had been my father's 
cherished pond. But I stood amid the 
rubble without shedding a tear. 

A few weeks later, while 1 was 
staying at my grandparents' home in 
another town, I heard on the radio 
that a new kind ot bomb had been 
dropped on Hiroshima, a city tar 
away from us. Three days later, 
another new bomb tell on Nagasaki 
farther south. The war came to an 
end quickly after that. We were told 
that there would be a "serious" broad- 
cast at noon on August 15. The em- 
peror and the military government 
had decided to surrender uncondi- 
tionally, and they chose an unprece- 
dented method to inform the nation 
that the war was ending. 

For the first time in history, the 
people ot Japan heard the emperor 
speak — on a recorded broadcast, but 
still with his own voice. On special 
occasions we had seen the photo- 
graphs of the emperor in military 
uniform, sometimes on a white horse 
or standing in traditional, formal 
dress. We had read and heard his 
words many times. But none of us 


Chizuko Kojima and her children: Kenji 
Alexander, 25, andChiyeKatherine, 18. 

had ever heard him speak. That day 
as we received his final decree, his 
high voice on the scratched record- 
ing sounded awkward and uneasy. 
His strange intonations were unlike 
those of any Japanese speaker or 
foreigner. I could hardly comprehend 
what he was saying. All I could grasp 
was something about having "to hear 
the unbearable and endure the 

I thought something frightening 
was going to happen, but nothing 
did. Soon we had the lights on in the 
evenings. With no more ominous 
wailing sounds of air-raid alarms, we 
could sleep all night. Tall Douglas 
MacArthur arrived in Japan with a 
pipe in his mouth and dark sun- 
glasses — a surprisingly different 
sight from the Japanese generals we 
had been accustomed to seeing. 
American soldiers came even to Gifu, 
but we were not slaughtered. 

I went back to school, though the 
buildings were only temporary bar- 
racks because of the bombing. I was 
happy to attend classes again, espe- 
cially because now 1 could resume 
my English, which government pol- 
icy had stricken from the curriculum 

toward the end of the war. The prin- 
cipal and teachers began talking 
about the new ideas: democracy and 
freedom. In history class as anywhere 
else, we no longer had to be careful 
about the word "emperor. " Every- 
thing had changed, and everyone 
seemed to accept the change like a 
change in the weather. 

Then one day, an event that most 
violently shook the world of a 14- 
year-old took place at my school. My 
teacher, who had been with us 
throughout the war, came into the 
classroom as usual and told us to get 
our black ink and writing brushes 
used for our calligraphy course. He 
told the class to put the history 
textbooks on our desks and open the 
pages as instructed. He then told us 
to smear black ink with brushes on 
certain lines. The phrases that indi- 
cated the divinity of the emperor 
disappeared. The glorious and righ- 
teous advancement of the Japanese 
Imperial Army in China was erased. 
The pages of my textbook were sud- 
denly transformed; they looked 
strange and repulsive with the 
smeared black lines. The class was 

orderly, and my classmates seemed to 
be absorbed in doing as told, but I 
stared mutely at the eradicated lines 
of my history textbook. 

The demolished house and the 
burnt diary I had taken stoically, but 
this was different. 1 felt as if 1 had 
been struck. I had no way of knowing 
that the teachers who had been con- 
trolled by the government during the 
war were now receiving orders from 
the occupational forces. Something 
inside me crumbled. For the first 
time in my lite, I realized that the 
textbooks were not what 1 believed 
them to be. The comfortable world 
of conviction in which 1 had lived 

No longer could I trust teachers 
who so completely could change 
what they had taught. People were 
not trustworthy. Written words were 
not reliable. I had to begin my search 
for something dependable, some- 
thing as yet unknown — but this time 
1 would search on my own. 1 could no 
longer depend on anybody or any- 
thing. That day when I was 14, one 
thing was clear: I told myself that 1 
would never study history again. 

The Raleigh, N. C. , resident currently works as a freelance wrtier and Japanese /English language 

112 FALL 1986 

The Doctor Is In 

At 87, psychiatrist Ruth Pirkle Berkeley 
is giving care, not receiving it 

By Jo Hathaway Merriman '58 


ith courage born of curios- 
ity, a blonde Agnes Scott 
graduate spent a couple of 
summers studying in New York, back 
in the twenties. The Yankees eventu- 
ally found that behind the dimple 
and the charming manner lay the 
mind of a scholar and a steely deter- 
mination to "have it all." 

After years of shuttling between 
her native Georgia and New York, 
she decided: Why not both a medical 
career and a family ? Why not prac- 
tice psychiatry, instead of those dis- 
ciplines then considered "suitable" 
for women — obstetrics or pediatrics? 
Dr. Ruth Janet Pirkle Berkeley 72 
never knew she was decades ahead of 
her time. 

She still doesn't. Now designated 
a New York State Qualified Psychia- 
trist, she may both teach psychiatry 
and treat patients. Among a hatful 
of other medical affiliations is her 
certification by the American Medi- 
cal Association through 1987, based 
on her awareness of new develop- 
ments in her field. She conducts an 
active, specialized practice in psy- 
choanalytically-oriented psycho- 
therapy. Not bad for an 87-year-old. 

She tells her patients: 'Don't opt for magic. ' 


Her niche in psychiatry lies be- 
tween classic "deep analysis," in 
which the therapist usually keeps 
silent while the patient speaks, and 
directi\'e therapy, in which the 
therapist tells the patient solutions 
to problems. 

"I think it's cruel to stay silent," 
she says simply. "1 just stimulate 
people's thinking so they can solve 
their own problems." Clear thinking 
and a no-nonsense attitude seem to 
characterize her low-key approach. 
Unlike some of her younger peers. 
Dr. Berkeley operates in quiet confi- 
dence from her Manhattan apart- 
ment on West 11th St. 

"I just Stimulate 

people's thinking 

so they can solve 

their own problems." 

In one-on-one exchanges, she 
heals minds. Enormous compassion, 
no coddling. 

"No miracles," she stresses, "no 
quick fixes. With psychopharmacy 
now a part of public consciousness, 
people who want to straighten out 
their lives often expect me to give 
them tranquilizers and antidepres- 
sants." Instead, her patients get a 
homelike treatment setting and a 
responsive, even charming, analyst. 

They learn not to "opt for magic," 
Dr. Berkeley notes. "When a pill 
helps, it does feel like magic. My 
patients become ready to observe 
themselves and to see what they do 
that causes them to make mistakes in 
their lives." They want to improve 
their relationships with themselves 
and other people, she continues. 
"They have motivation and intelli- 
gence, and they truly work at it. I 
don't do hand-holding. I encourage 
their independence from me." Dr. 
Berkeley sees seven or eight patients 
a day, five days a week. But, she 
adds, taking care of herself is as im- 
portant as patient care. 

"I'm concerned to keep myself in 
good working condition," she says 
matter-of-factly. "Only / can do 
that. My patients have their own 
problems. They have no reason to 
think about how I am feeling." Her 
personal prescription: She drives 
herself out to the country Wednes- 
days and Saturdays "to clear the air 
and renew my commitment to myself. " 

Her commitment to medicine has 
lasted 51 years. She giggles to think 
her former husband, Edmund Callis 
Berkeley, got her started. They were 
divorced in the 1950s. 

After her graduation from Agnes 
Scott, the then Miss Ruth Pirkle 
taught biology on campus for nearly 
10 years, achie\'ing the rank of assis- 
tant professor. "I taught invertebrate 
and mammalian zoology, known as 
the 'cat course,' " she smiles, "and I, 
naturally, was known as 'Miss 

Her Agnes Scott education, she 
recalls, "expanded my horizons and 
helped me develop excellent study 
habits." Her 1917 diploma in home 
economics from Georgia State Col- 
lege for Women would be put to use 
after 1934, when she and Mr. Berkeley 
were married. 

In an age when most women went 
from their fathers' homes to their 
husbands', the Cummings, Ga., 
native spent her summers studying 
biology at Columbia University in 
New York City, traveling between 
north and south, with a trip or two 
to the Far West and Canada. In 1932- 
33 she taught at Hunter College in 
Manhattan after a permanent mo\e 

The bridegroom, a Harvard Uni- 
versity Phi Beta Kappa, reportedly 
was a mathematics whiz who became 
expert in actuarial statistics for insur- 
ance companies. In the 1940s he 
pioneered the use of early computer 
systems to compile and analyze statis- 
tics, with his wife's encouragement. 

He had, of course, encouraged her 
to "go for it" when, at age 36, she 
was offered a place in Cornell Medi- 
cal School's Class of 1938. His bride 
was then studying anatomy at Cor- 
nell Graduate School in Manhattan, 
located at the Cornell Medical 
Center. She had planned to com- 
plete her Ph. D. in biology. 

'A couple of doctors I knew had 
mentioned my applying to Cornell 
Medical," she remembers. "Of 
course, I discussed it with my new 
husband. So on the honeymoon ship 
coming back from Europe, he sent a 
cablegram saying 1 would transfer 
from Cornell Graduate to Cornell 
Medical. He presented me with an 
accomplished fact! Right off the 
boat, I arranged tor my entrance 
interviews, and pretty soon I had my 
medical school seat assignment." 

Feeling rushed. Dr. Berkeley tried 
to stall. "I told my medical school 
professor I needed time to find an 
apartment, buy some furniture," she 
recalls, spreading her hands 
helplessly. "He said, in eftect. All 
right, but do it fast.' " 

His colleagues had already spotted 
her as talented phvsician material, 
potentially useful to themselves and 
their profession. She says that 
perhaps because she was older and 
married, she was not hazed with 
practical jokes in medical classes like 
most of the other female students. 

Colleagues had already 

spotted her as talented 

physician material, potentially 

useful to themselves 

and their profession. 

However, one rule was strict: no 
pregnancies. "I had just two goals at 
the time," Dr. Berkeley observes, "to 
get through medical school and to 
have a family. I had a miscarriage. 
The dean told me if 1 got pregnant 
again before graduation, I'd be out. 
No chance to return." 

114 FALL 1986 

Those were harsh years fe^r v\-omen 
in medicine. "The school charter 
said that a certain number ot qual- 
ified women had to be admitted to 
each class. Still, women weren't 
readily accepted unless they were 
studying pediatrics or obstetrics," 
she smiles. "He always asked me, in 
particular, to describe the terrible 
things that could happen to the 
older primapara, or tirst-time 
mother. " 

In 1940, Laura Helen Berkeley 
was born. Dr. Berkeley was 42. Tests 
for Down's Syndrome were nonexis- 
tent; the child was wanted, and the 
birth an act of faith. Today, she is a 
scientist like her mother and lives 
with her family in Central America. 

After achieving her first two goals. 
Dr. Berkeley now discovered there 
was more to learn, to gain. 

She had just two goals 

at the time: 

to get through medical school 

and to have a family. 

After her 1938 graduation, instead 
of becoming a hospital intern, she 
was permitted to be an "extern," to 
live at home during her residency. 
During those years she worked with 
psychiatric patients at New York 
Hospital, then as now a leading 
center for medical treatment of men- 
tal health problems. 

As World War II approached, 
psychiatry was considered an exotic 
branch of medicine. In America it 
was also a mysterious one. Could a 
mind really be healed like a broken 
leg? Could crazy Mr. Smith actually 
learn to live like other people? Re- 
ports filtering in from faraway Europe 
praised the work of men with such 
guttural-sounding names as Freud, 
Jung, and Reik; photographs showed 
Continental-looking faces. 

Some in the New York City medi- 
cal community were as xenophobic 
as the rest of the country. Some, like 
Dr. Berkeley, had a courage born ot 
curiosity to discover more about this 
inner world. 

Dr. Berkeley had new goals. She 
wanted to learn to manage her emo- 
tions and to improve logical thinking 
by de\'eloping the left hemisphere ot 
her brain. Professionally, she needed 
to learn psychiatric technicjues. 

"Being a non-conformist, 1 did a 
daring thing: I went into analysis 
myself with Theodore Reik. " The 
Viennese physician, a follower of 
Sigmund Freud, was then practicing 
in New York. After trying three other 
analysts, she decided to stay with 

"1 could take what was useful and 
push aside what didn't refer to my 
situation," she notes. 'AH he knew of 
women was the experience he had of 
them in his youth in Austria before 
World War I. He had not changed 
his opinions since. 

"Still, he was an excellent analyst. 
He really did, as he set forth in his 
writings, 'listen with the third ear' 
or, you might say, read between the 

"Dr. Reik had a dry sense ot humor 
unusual in prominent psychiatrists 
then. For instance, he had a delight- 
ful way of saying to men who were 
sadistic to their wives, who were in 
analysis with him: 'If you don't stop 
that, you'll drive her crazy!' " 

A significant difference between 
1940s psychotherapy and today's, 
observes Dr. Berkeley, is that then 
"people didn't talk openly about 
family problems in terms of sexual 
deviation." Because of social taboos, 
discussions ot deviant behavior were 
held in a strictly private medical 
environment. Now with the aware- 
ness of gay rights and a broadening of 
psychiatric services, she says, trou- 
bled people routinely find solutions 
in church-sponsored group therapy 
settings and specialized clinics. 

She grew up surrounded by tradi- 
tional Southern customs regarding 
women, yet has seen the women's 
movement impact a major Northern 

"If I hadn't liked myself, 

I couldn't have 

achieved the goals 

I decided on." 

"Feminism was needed to awaken 
many women," the doctor asserts, 
"so they could get themselves out ot 
the caves they felt contented to hide 
in. They weren't happy, they had 
yearnings, but no acceptable tools to 
express themselves. 

"Women today still don't like 
themselves. They haven't developed 
themselves as women among women, 
or as women among men. They are 
placed too much in competition 
with men for them to discover their 
best selves. The result is that many 
women have trouble cooperating 
with either women or men. 

"If I hadn't liked myself," Dr. 
Berkeley concludes simply, "I 
couldn't have achieved the goals I 
decided on." She advises others to 
set meaningful goals and ignore the 
tut-tutters who say, "It can't be 

Like other older persons, she has 
coped with long-term care ot a be- 
loved parent, with deaths, with 
myriad disappointments of every 
kind. Still she seems to face the 
world with a tresh openness and 

At an age when many of her con- 
temporaries expect to receive medi- 
cal care, Dr. Berkeley is giving it. To 
her, that's simply the way things 
should he. 

]u Hdthau'ay Mermnan lives in Nounk, 


ome s 


You Moke 

Nostalgia can actually help us cope with stress 

and change. The tougher problems 

may be for those who have 

never been homesick. 

By Ayse llgaz Garden '66 

116 FALL 1986 

During one of her lectures at 
Agnes Scott, social 
psychologist Sandra Bern 
said that she came into her own as 
a psychologist when she was able to 
merge her personal interest in the 
equality of women with her profes- 
sional interest in gender roles. Up to 
that point her research had tailed to 
excite her. After this merging, how- 
ever, she felt that Sandra Bem, the 
woman, became Sandra Bem, the 
psychologist. Her work became an 
extension ot herself. 

Recently, 1 started to experience 
the same sense of "coming together" 
as 1 undertook research on a new 
topic. It began with a request to 
speak to "Big Sisters" during orienta- 
tion. When I asked their spokesper- 
son what they wanted me to talk 
about, she said, "Homesickness — it 
appears to be quite a problem." As 
1 studied my topic, I was surprised 
and intrigued to discover that psy- 
chologists know very little about 

As I groped for a better understand- 
ing, 1 talked to students and friends 
about their experiences. Soon 1 
recognized that homesickness could 
be a debilitating experience tor some 
students and that most students 
probably suffered from it some time 
during college. In September 1984 
an Atlanta newspaper reported that, 
according to the director of student 
housing at Georgia Tech, "the biggest 
problem facing incoming freshmen is 
homesickness." The Black Cat pro- 
duction segment on homesickness 
during that same month showed a 
caring and sensitivity to the topic 
that 1 believe reflects its importance 
in the lives of new students at Agnes 
Scott. 1 also thought about my own 
encounters with homesickness. 
Three very different memories 
emerged, tied together in a rather 
fragile Gestalt: the Greyhound bus 
station in Baltimore, a black cake 
and a death in my family. 

After three weeks on a Turkish 
merchant marine ship, I arrived in 
Baltimore one July evening in 1964- 
It was the first time I had been away 
from home in Turkey for any length 
oi time, and it was my first trip 
abroad. One of the officers of the 
ship brought me to the bus station 
for the trip south. After giving me 
all the merchant marine "dos and 
don'ts" about America, he left me 
and returned to his ship. I had a few 
hours until my bus was scheduled to 
leave, so I looked around for a com- 
fortable seat and, spotting one, sat 
down to wait. I felt independent, 
grown-up and adventurous. 

After just a few moments, though, 
the enormirv' of what I had undertaken 
hit me tor the first time with full 
force. 1 had left my family, friends, 

1 was torn between images 
of people and places of 

my past, images 

my brain so temptingly 

conjured up for me, 

culture — ever^'thing 1 had loved and 
cared for — to live in this strange 
place. I did not know a single Amer- 
ican. From what 1 could hear around 
me, 1 wasn't even sure I could under- 
stand the language. 1 did not have 
any cultural cues to help me decide 
whom to approach and whom to 
avoid. While these thoughts ran 
through my mind, I wanted desper- 
ately to run back to the ship and sail 
home. I remember holding onto that 
seat until my hands began to hurt. 

And then I cried. I remember 
embarrassment and disappointment 
in myself, but most of all I remember 
pain. Whenever 1 teach about con- 
flict in my classes, I go back to those 
few minutes when I was torn between 
images of people and places of my 
past, images that my brain so temp- 
tingly conjured up for me, and the 
reality of the Greyhound bus sta- 
tion—from the Mediterranean sun- 
sets and breezes, the faces of my 

family and friends, to the stark 
lights, the muted colors and the 
strange-looking and strange-speaking 
people ot that cavernous room. 

During those few minutes, I almost 
made the wrong decision. Then 
something wonderful happened. An 
older woman came and touched my 
shoulder. In a conspiratorial tone, 
she asked if the man sitting next to 
me was bothering me. I had been 
oblivious to him; the way I had been 
crying and carrying on, I am sur- 
prised he remained seated there. 1 
don't know how he felt when he 
heard her question; I know 1 felt 

This sign of caring when 1 least 
expected it was so overwhelming 
that 1 started to cry even harder. 
Unable to stop long enough to tell 
her anything, I kept crying. She sat 
next to me, pushed the man aside, 
held my hand and said, "That's all 
right. I'll wait until you can tell me. " 
So there we were — two total stran- 
gers separated by oceans and cultures, 
united by a bond of humanness. 

1 told her everything; she listened. 
1 discovered I had quit crying along 
the way. She gave me her name and 
address, told me she would be my 
friend and family here. If 1 needed 
anything, I was to call her "collect. " 
She missed her bus to California to 
see me off. As we waved goodbye, I 
knew everything would work out. 

Probably most of you have had 
similar experiences. Someone in 
every American family's past has 
shared some of the feelings I experi- 
enced setting foot on this soil as an 
immigrant. You bring your old world 
within you and try to learn to live 
and love again in your new one. In 
this perpetual marginality is hidden 
the great richness ot America — the 
value of diversity. 

As was true in my case, physical 
separation from people and places we 
love is the most frequent precipita- 
ting factor in homesickness. In fact, 


The campm. too. has changed. Agnes Scott Hall (center) is the only part of campus that dates hack to the earh 1900s ichen this photograph iras taken. 

scholars initially believed that home- 
sickness was an organically based 
disease. Despite the tact that 
psychological therapies became 
increasingly more acceptable, home- 
sickness continued to be concep- 
tualized as a disease caused by physi- 
cal separation. Thus the word home- 
sickness quite accurately reflected 
the core of early attempts to under- 
stand this intense desire to be reunited 
with people and places we love. 

However, as is true of many areas 
ot research, scholars gradually began 
to understand that the concept was 
probably inappropriate. With soci- 
ety's increasing mobility, the concept 
of "home" began to blur. And increas- 
ingly the disease or sickness interpre- 
tation became suspect. The term 
"nostalgia," (from the Greek terms 
nosos [return] and algos [pain] ) came 
more and more to describe the 
feelings associated with homesick- 
ness. Acceptance of this term illus- 
trates a gradual realization that the 
desire to go back has to be defined 
more broadly and not be limited to 
the concept of home. 

Writing in the 1950s, psychologist 
Charles Zwingmann illustrated the 
richness of this new concept with the 
term "nostalgic reaction." Nostalgic 
reaction has to be seen, Zwingmann 
argued, not only as a reaction to 
physical separation but as a reaction 
to change in a temporal sense ... to 
change, not only as an abrupt event, 
but as an anticipated event of nega- 

ti\'e personal significance. This 
element was certainly present for me 
at that bus station — the dread of an 
unfamiliar future, the tear of change. 
I experienced a similar feeling when 
on my 40th birthday, some ot my 
friends presented me with a black 
birthday cake. The color matched 
my mood perfectly. The cake disap- 
peared fast, but my mood lingered 

Zwingmann points out that this 
society and many others encourage 
nostalgic reaction because of their 
attitudes toward aging. We value 
youth, beauty, vigor. We tend not to 
respect old people, nor do we see 
them as wise. In doing so, we teach 
our children to fear the future and 
be anxious about the passage ot time. 
Verbal expressions such as "killing 
time," "losing time," and "stealing 
time," bear witness to this. 

Zwingmann also notes that women 
anticipate aging with grave conse- 
quences that we are culturally con- 
ditioned to fear — losing our physical 
and sexual attractiveness and our 
ability to bear children. For men old 
age often signals the end of productiv- 
ity and achievement. Increasingly, 
this is also true of women. Both men 
and women fear the isolation of old 
people's homes and dependence on 
other people. We often make at- 
tempts to escape that fear through 
nostalgia, when the past is remem- 
bered in all its exaggerated glory. 

An important point about nostal- 
gic reaction is that the intensity ot 
the desire to return to the past 
generally is due less to the attraction 
ot the past than to the inability or 
perceived inability to cope with the 
present or future. In this conflict the 
individual sees the past as increas- 
ingly and unrealistically attractive. 

Experiences including both the 
physical and the temporal aspects ot 
nostalgic reaction are particularly 
critical for the individuals involved, 
as I discovered upon my father's 

We value youth, beauty, vigor. 

We tend not 

to respect old people 

nor do we 

see them as wise. 

death two years ago. 1 had a tremen- 
dous longing for the way things used 
to be. My initial emotions were 
intense sadness and despair. Gradu- 
ally, however, happy memories began 
to emerge. I found that by focusing 
on these memories I could keep my 
father within me and allow my lite 
to continue. 

A death in one's own family, 
especially a parent, is a remarkable 
experience of nostalgia because it 
joins the physical and temporal 
aspects ot the phenomenon. Death's 
physical separation is final. This 
temporal aspect achieves a new 
intensity when one has to face a 

118 FALL 1986 

future in which one will ne\'er he a 
protected child again. Here, one has 
to come to terms with one's own 
mortality. But in this nostalgia there 
are the seeds ot healing. 

When people are nostalgic, the 
experience involves both pain and 
happiness; this, says Zwingmann, is 
the nostalgic paradox. The happiness 
proN'ided by memories becomes the 
medium through which the indi- 
vidual can maintain a core ot identity 
and make the transition to new 
conditions. Thus the nostalgic reac- 
tion bridges the past and the future, 
and has an important role in preser- 
ving the individual's mental health. 

Some people show extreme forms 
ot nostalgia, known as nostalgic 
fixations. Others show no nostalgic 
reaction. A person without nostalgia 
is someone who has trouble with 
affiliation and attachment and there- 
fore is likely to have mental health 
and adjustment problems. The dis- 
ease concept of nostalgic reaction 
then should apply to both its extreme 
and lasting presence and to the total 
absence ot it. 

At one extreme is someone totally 
unable to cope with change, who 
begins to live in the past. At the 
other are individuals with considera- 
ble anomie — with no sense of iden- 
tity or roots. At moderate levels, 
however, nostalgic reaction should 
help individuals maintain a sense ot 
continuity and identity during times 
of change. 

Change is a highly complex 
phenomenon. Equally complex is the 
adaptation to change. "What is 
sought when change is introduced is 
a modification of individual at- 
titudes, both in their cognitive and 
their affective components, and an 
actual change in behavior," says 
Frederick Glen, a social psychologist. 
Since all change requires modifica- 
tion of behavior patterns we have 
become used to, there is often a 

A person without nostalgia 
is someone who 

has trouble with affiliation 
and attachment. 

struggle — it not outright crisis — 
within individuals confronting 
change. Quite often, says Glen, 
"(t)he security ot the familiar situa- 
tion, even it less than ideal, and the 
anxiety over the unknown or uncer- 
tain effects of change militate in 
favor ot the status quo." "Better the 
devil you know than the devil you 
don't know" and "Better safe than 
sorry" communicate this feeling ot 
anxiety in the face ot possible 
change. The tug ot the past is espe- 
cially acute when change is all- 
encompassing, unexpected, too fast, 
or perceived as discomforting. 

Psychologists have a responsibility 
to discover eftective ways to intro- 
duce change that will enhance the 
ego-continuity function of nostalgic 
reaction — methods that create the 
kind ot milieu where the pull of the 
past and the lure of the future can 
he reconciled. 

As we plan tor change, we must re- 
member to balance continuity and 
change. We should always change 
toward something. 

The goals ot change involve our 
identity as individuals and as an in- 
stitution. People charged with affect- 
ing change at the institutional level 
must be particularly sensitive to the 
needs of individuals. They have to try 
to delineate eftectively the con- 
tinuities in experience and identity. 
They should demonstrate and ac- 
tively encourage nonjudgmental, in- 
formative communication. They 
should be willing to listen to people 
talk about their nostalgic experiences 
without ridiculing or belittling the in- 
dividuals involved. These communi- 
cations should be seen as oppor- 
tunities for sharing and learning, for 
bridging between the past and the fu- 
ture. This attention to individuals 

also recognizes the human being as 
the core of an organization. People 
are not pegs in a system; they arc the 
sysreni. Our institutions belong to all 
ot us, not to the individuals among 

Change is best achieved through 
willing cooperation toward a com- 
mon goal, working in an environ- 
ment where the human being — at an 
individual level — matters. By en- 
couraging motivated participation 
and preventing extreme nostalgic 
reaction and alienation, the move to- 
ward the future can be made without 
institutions losing their sense ot iden- 
tity or purpose. 

Finally, it is important to recognize 
that we will feel nostalgia more se- 
verely during certain periods ot 
change in our lives and that certain 
occasions make us more susceptible 
to such reactions. Freshmen receive 
extensive orientation because we rec- 
ognize the first year of college as such 
a period. Graduation from college 
and retirement from one's lifelong 
career deserve at least as much orien- 
tation and care. Immigrants, old 
people, chronically sick individuals 
and people in new surroundings are 
other groups likely to be affected. 
Birthdays, national, religious, in- 
stitutic^nal celebration days, and days 
ot personal suffering, are occasions 
when we tend to feel most nostalgic. 
We should take special care to make 
these occasions affirm the identity of 
the individuals and groups involved. 

One ot my fondest memories cif my 
student days at Agnes Scott is recei\'- 
ing a letter from Dr. Alston on my 
birthday every year. Even it the rest 
ot the world forgot me, I was sure his 
letter would be in my box that morn- 
ing, and it always was. 

The keys to good change and good 
nostalgic reaction are inclusiveness, 
sensitivity and care. Given these, we 
can all face change and grow in the 

Ayse llgaz Garden, projessor of psychol- 
ogy, is on sabbatical in Turkey. 


Walking A Fine Line 

A protestor's crisis of conscience: 
When is it right to break the iow'^ 

By Winona Rarrisaur 78 

120 FALL 1986 

It's unbelievable the hatred that 
you find coming out ot people 
when they see others protesting 
the American way," remarked the 
woman I happened to find myself 
walking beside in the march. In her 
50s, she was one of 20 who planned 
to do civil disobedience that day by 
entering the Kings Bay Submarine 
Base at St. Marys, near Georgia's 
Cumberland Island. Pinned to her 
shirt was a picture of her four grown 
children, people she didn't want to 
lose in a nuclear war. 

Beside her walked a priest in his 
mid'30s who was also there to enter 
the base illegally. His black, neat 
hair was graying slightly and he wore 
a clerical collar. He seemed comforta- 
ble relaying orders from the back of 
the line to the front. "We need to 
move closer together." "Slow down 
up there. " But as he talked to us he 
seemed self-conscious. He showed us 
the picture on his slender chest — his 
mom and dad, two sisters and himself 
at a sister's wedding. His dad was a 
retired military man. The priest said 
he writes letters to his parents trying 
to explain what he feels. 

The woman and the priest were 
going to break the law to dramati- 
cally say "No" to nuclear weapons, 
both personally and as a public state- 
ment that would help alert others to 
what is being bought by the Ameri- 
can people. 

Our group came to the only inter- 
section in our three-mile walk. The 
talk stopped suddenly when a police 
car swerved in front of us. A police- 
man jumped into the middle of the 
street. He held up his hand to stop 
traffic while all 160 of us scurried 
across. I heard myself gush a little- 
girl "thank-you" to him. 

We now walked along U.S. govern- 
ment-installed sidewalks beside high- 
ways recently widened into undev- 
eloped forests. Feeling the warm 
breeze hit my face, I pulled off my 
sweater. I looked out into the cars 

that passed, at the faces of those who 
turned to see us and those who never 
glanced toward our long line. It 
seemed to me that all of us were 
grasping at ways to deal with a world 
that sometimes felt out of our control. 

Soon we came to the high fences 
of the base. We saw the jeeps inside 
coast by, the uniformed men in sun- 
glasses talking on walkie-talkies. I 
guessed that they talked much more 
about us with our banners than about 
the nuclear submarines cruising 
quietly beneath the waters nearby. 
Twenty new Trident submarines 
would start arriving in 1989, each 
one carrying 4,000 times the power 
of the Hiroshima explosion. "They're 
orderly so far, sir," they reported. 

We sat in the grass near the base's 
bricked entrance and the tiny glass 
booth. Armed soldiers saluted those 
through who had correct IDs. 

We prayed and sang, and then the 
20 stood. A woman in her 70s com- 
missioned each of them with chosen 
words and a hug. Then they started 
to walk up the drive to the gate of 
the base. 

A woman in a wheelchair was 
leading the way when a stranger ran 
up and stood in front of the wheel- 
chair. I couldn't hear what the young 
man was saying, but he was angrily 
waving his arms. Leaders from our 
group hurried over to talk with him, 
but he wouldn't move out of the way. 

Minutes passed, and still he 
danced back and forth when anyone 
tried to get past him. The police who 
lined the other side of the drive and 
the soldiers on the base watched 
curiously to see how our nonviolent 
group would handle this. 

Finally, two men and a woman 
from our group put their bodies 
shoulder to shoulder and began push- 
ing this man to the side, while he 
kept yelling. 

My mind pictured a knife coming 
out of his pocket. I saw the vulner- 
able chests before him. But when 
they reached the side of the drive, 

the four sank together onto the grass 
and prayed. Apparently the man was 
very religious, and he felt that break- 
ing the law was immoral. 

Now the group moved closer to 
the gate, and an intercom repeated 
over and over, "This is U.S. govern- 
ment property. It is illegal to trespass 
upon U.S. government property. 
This is. . ."The base commanders 
had been told earlier exactly what 
would take place, and the rest of us 
stood far back now, so the military 
officials would not worry about the 

In groups of four, the 20 walked 
through the gate and were taken 
away by guards. When I saw the two 
I'd walked with, I found myself shiv- 
ering. I knew how nervous it made 
me to be stopped for even a traffic 
violation. All the thinking through 
and believing that this is the right 
choice at this time can't make the 
experience enjoyable as the guard 
takes someone by the arm and leads 
them away. 

My mother had taken me by the 
arm before I'd left to come here. She 
said, "Go to the protest if you've got 
to, hut, Winona, don't you dare get 
yourself arrested." Yet, when the 20 
were gone, the rest of us wandered 
around, slowly scattering as if we 
didn't know where to go now. 

Why did I feel for those people 
who'd broken the law? Especially 
when I'd been reared in a hardwork- 
ing, law-abiding family. My dad for 
years worked 70 hours a week at a 
grocery store, and my mother sewed 
all our clothes and took us to the 
Baptist church every Sunday. The 
only daughter, I was also brought up 
to be submissive — to plan anything 
else I wanted to do around having 
and rearing babies; to do the dishes, 
clean up, and hang and fold clothes 
without even noticing (much less 
criticizing) my two brothers who sat 
and watched. "You look so much 
prettier when you smile, dear," I was 


But there were always contradic- 
tions, and tor me it was watching my 
mother (years later a top-notch real- 
tor) slotted by society into a 1950s 
housewifery that she wanted to love, 
assuring her necessity to us by direct- 
ing each puzzle piece into its space. 
Eventually came the adolescent yell- 
ing and bitterness — the refusal to 
smile with a mother who couldn't 
acknowledge that she'd reared me 
any differently from the boys. She 
had just spoiled me perhaps, she 
said. I knew the contradictions, but I 
will always have trouble accepting 

At Agnes Scott as a day student 
for my last two years of college, 1 
drank in all the words spoken in 
class, the examination of motives 
and character in human beings. I 
was starved to see truth searched for 
and respected, conventional stan- 
dards set aside. I don't think I 
realized at the time that all the learn- 
ing was only the beginning of a con- 
tinuous re-examination of personal 
beliefs and a constant questioning of 
any established social order. 

This sort of questioning is still 
going on at Agnes Scott. I observed 
a debate in Professor Gus Cochran's 
modern political theory class last 
spring. About 15 freshmen and soph- 
omores in a small classroom took on 
the subject of sanctuary, the action 
taken by churches and individuals 
who oppose U.S. immigration laws 
by protecting or harboring Central 
American refugees. 

"There is a higher authority than 
government, and that is conscience," 
said a young student dressed in heels 
and the business suit of the '80s. 
She sat with two others on the pro- 
sanctuary side at the front of the 

"But aren't there other methods to 
satisfy the conscience?" one of the 
three against sanctuary answered. 
She had a sure voice but her eyes hid 
behind blunt-cut hangs. 

Professor Connie Jones, chair of the sociology 

"Other means are being explored. 
But these aren't fast enough," the 
well-dressed young woman explained. 

"Wouldn't it be faster to work to 
help the situation in a particular 
country than to let the whole coun- 
try come here for sanctuary ? Then 
change the government? Then send 
them all back?" another said with a 

"Look, civil disobedience provides 
a platform to let people know what's 
going on. If it were not for civil dis- 
obedience in the past — for women to 
vote, during the civil rights actions 
of the '60s — we wouldn't have the 
laws we have today," another student 

"Sure. In the past," the other side 
agreed. "But not today. Today it's not 
necessary." Pointing out that sanc- 
tuary was a "romantic act" that in 
reality was "illegal, a felony," this 
side concluded that concerned 
people "should instead be working 
through the immigration laws." 

While remaining objective in 
class, Professor Cochran admitted 
that he finds himself more on the 
side of John Locke than on the side 

of Thomas Hobbes. (He had assigned 
readings in the two philosophers to 
students before the debate. ) While 
Hobbes claims it is never right to 
resist authority, Locke justifies civil 
disobedience under certain condi- 
tions. "I have to go with Locke's 
position," Cochran says, but adds, 
"the alternatives to breaking the law 
as a means of protest in a democratic 
society are important, too." 

Breaking the law used to be a 
necessary part of daily lite tor Myrtle 
Lewin, assistant professor ot mathe- 
matics at Agnes Scott. As a white 
South African, she lived in a country 
where there are strong social pres- 
sures against visiting friends across 
the color line, "job reservation" laws 
that favor even ineffectual whites 
over blacks, and "pass laws" (some 
recently abolished) that restrict 
where blacks and whites could live 
or work. 

Lewin remembers her dentist who 
hired a black woman as his hygienist. 
He was prepared to sacrifice a seg- 
ment of his clientele; he may have 
been breaking a job reservation law 
as well. Lewin's family had a live-in 
black housekeeper, and the law for- 
bade the woman's husband to live 
there, but he did. The Lewin family 

"The alternatives 

to breaking the law 

as a means of protest 

in a democratic society 

are important, too." 

accepted the fact that in making 
available to this couple a kind of 
sanctuary, their house could be raided 
at any time. This type of civil diso- 
bedience was merely "working around 
the laws all the time," or "one way ot 
fighting a bad system," Lewin says. 

Another type ot civil disobedience 
that has more directly tried to change 

■ 22 FALL 1986 

apartheid in South Africa is member- 
ship in banned pohtical parties. In 
the 1960s, Lewin had many friends 
who, unknown to her, were members 
of the South African Communist 
Party (a party of liberation which 
supported a government by all people 
and contained "lots ot die-hard 
capitalists.") This group carried out 
"symbolic sabotage" by blowing up 
electrical installations and other 
strategic targets. Although the group 
said they wanted no one hurt, their 
actions sometimes turned sour and 
injured or killed people. 

"Nonviolence, as Martin Luther 
King understood it, does not seem to 
tit into the particular situation in 
South Africa," Lewin says. "The 
government must know that it has to 
bend. But its bending has always 
been in response to all kinds of pres- 
sure, which includes economic boy- 
cotts carried out by blacks against 
white stores, as well as black rioting. 
This bending usually comes too late, 
seldom with goodwill, and always 
after attitudes have hardened," she 

In 1980, Lewin and her family left 
South Africa. She gave up a tenured 
university teaching position in 
Johannesburg and now considers 
herself a refugee by choice, politicallv 
estranged from her birthplace. 

In Professor Connie Jones' classes, 
students examine nonviolence as an 
important part of civil disobedience. 
Jones, chair of the sociology depart- 
ment, talks about Gandhi and the 
role of nonviolence in all his acts. 

"Gandhi believed that the ends 
don't justify- the means," Jones says. 
"Since he could have died in the 
middle of the process of change, he 
would not do nasty things for a good 
end." She points out that an "us 
versus them" view is the basis of all 
intergroup strife. The spirit of non- 
violence tor Gandhi involved seeing 

the other person as like oneself and 
seeking to win him or her over. 

"Susan B. Anthony said that resis- 
tance to tyranny is obedience to 
God, and I believe that," Jones says. 
"But w^hen you're sitting in the mid- 

"Nonviolent civil disobedience 

is a respectable act 

of desperation." 

die ot a world that ticks along with a 
set of laws which it claims to be just, 
it's difficult to see the injustices 
clearly. They're so many that they 
slip through the cracks." She pauses 
a moment, thinking through her 
words. "Yet the problem, too, is one 
of hope. I would do all kinds of things 
if 1 knew that my breaking the law 
would change things, but how can 1 

The Presbyterian Church in the 
United States, instrumental in the 
history ot Agnes Scott, has long 
supported nonviolent civil disobedi- 
ence. In a recent "Presbyterians and 
Peacemaking" study paper, civil 
disobedience is described as that 
which is "rooted in conscience and 

Frances Freeborn Pauley '27: "You've got to 
have people who'll test the laws. " 

not mere self-interest"; is open, not 
hidden; and is done "with awareness 
ot the penalties and willingness to 
accept them if finally assessed." 

At least one current student at 
Agnes Scott, Jackie Stromberg '87, 
is prepared to do civil disobedience 
at some time in the future "if the 
cause is just." At present, she is part 
ot the support group tor those ar- 
rested at Congressman Pat Swindall's 
office in Decatur in opposition to the 
Georgia Republican's support ot 
military aid to the contras in Nica- 
ragua. As a member of the group Pax 
Christi, Stromberg has taken a vow 
of nonviolence for her own lite, "in 
the hope that if violence is elimi- 
nated on a personal basis, this will 
extend to the wider community." 

Local issues sometimes demand 
strong personal responses as well. 
Sherry Schulman, now a DeKalb 
County, Ga. , commissioner, at- 
tended Agnes Scott in 1977 and 
1978. In 1983 she felt compelled to 
take a strong stand to stop the state 
Department of Transportation from 
cutting down trees to make way tor 
the Jimmy Carter Presidential Park- 
way. She knew the DOT v\-as break- 
ing the law by cutting trees on land 
the state did not yet own. People got 
together, methodically found out 
about civil disobedience and how to 
go about it without violence. 

"It was not a frivolous decision," 
Schulman makes clear. In fact, she 
was not planning to be arrested until 
a couple ot months later when she 
began to teel completely frustrated 
in her efforts to communicate with 
officials. She was arrested the same 
day as another elected official, former 
state representative and Atlanta city 
councilman John Lewis. Says 
Schulman, "There were two reasons 
civil disobedience was necessary. 
One, to actually delay the construc- 
tion and cutting ot trees until the 
court date and two, to keep the issue 
before the public." 

Continued on Page 28 


Living Gentiy 

In the beginning was the revela- 
tion: as feminism began to make us 
aware of discrimination against 
women, we came to realize that when 
women were victims of special kinds 
of violence, they were often victims 
of social scorn. Even the law some- 
times offered less protection. We 
caught tire. We rallied, we protested, 
we lobbied. We opened hot lines, 
support groups and shelters. 

And we saw change. Conscious- 
ness was raised. Slighting remarks 
about victims — and women as vic- 
tims — were condemned. A New 
York weatherman was fired, and a 
Wisconsin judge impeached as a 
result of public outrage over their 
comments about rape victims. Agen- 
cies responded with specialized train- 
ing, with policy changes, with victim 
service units and, most important. 

The violence of our culture 

penetrates our families 

and our streets 

by Katherine White Ellison '62 

with changes in the law. Those of 
us who had known the old days re- 
joiced — and took hope. 

Then slowly we realized that, 
although things were better, there 
was still much to do. The problems — 
and their solutions — were much 
more complex than we originally 
believed. Although we have con- 
tinued to believe strongly and pas- 
sionately that no one deserves to be a 
victim of violence, we found that all 
too often victimization is not ran- 
dom. Some individuals are more 
likely than others to be targeted. 
Indeed, systems within certain fami- 
lies and within the larger culture 
encourage violence. 

In this context we need to re- 
member that as a culture we remain 
fascinated with violence — from 
Shakespeare's tragedies and Sylvester 

In a Vioient Worid 

After her graduation from Agnes Scott, Katherine White Elhson received a Ph. D. in 

social/ personality psychology from the City University of New York. Dr. Ellison is a 

national consultant to attorneys and police departments in cases involving sex crimes, 

eyewitness identification and sexual harassment. "Living Gently in a Violent World" is 

excerpted from her address at the Violence Against Women Symposium held this past 

spring at Agnes Scott. 

124 FALL 1986 

Abuse can be emotional as well as physical 

neither sex has a monopoly on this 

type of abuse. And often in the next 

generation, the abused becomes the abuser. 


Stallone, to terrorism and "we'll 
show them" retaliatory bombings 
with little real military impact. We 
see violence as a quick-fix solution 
and we increase our military budget 
at the expense of human services. 
We applaud leaders who advocate 
such tactics. In policing, we spend 
more time teaching how to shoot 
than when to shoot or how to 
minimize the chances that a situation 
might escalate to the point that 
shooting would become an option. 

Those of us who continue to de- 
plore violence came to realize more 
clearly its complex, interactional 
nature. We saw women who wanted 
the advantages of liberation, but 
were reluctant to accept its respon- 
sibilities. We found that some of the 
people whom we had tried so hard to 
help resisted our best efforts. Women 
returned to battering husbands, 
found new batterers or men who 
abused their children. Sexually 
abused children turned to the ex- 
ploitative sexuality of prostitution, 
and physically abused children them- 
selves became abusers. People used 
us against family and friends. Some 
even lied to us about abuse and rape. 

We realized that abuse can be 
emotional as well as physical and 
that neither sex has a monopoly on 
this type of abuse. Emotional abuse 

can be more devastating than physi- 
cal abuse — especially when it is 

We saw ordinary people going 
overboard because of their fears of 
rape and, particularly, of child abuse. 
Women were living their lives by a 
"rape schedule," and teachers, youth 
advisers and child care workers be- 
came afraid to hug or even to touch 
their children for fear of misun- 
derstandings or false accusation. 

The reason oppression 

works so well 

is that it gets 

so much help from the 


We saw the more subtle signs of 
the abuse and degradation of women 
in sexual harassment, in advertising 
and in popular culture. We discov- 
ered that some women approved of 
these practices. Indeed, I often think 
that the reason oppression works so 
well is that it gets so much help from 
the oppressed. Thus we saw young 
women responding positively to 
advertisements that show women in 
chains and dancing to songs that 
celebrate abuse. Research told us 
that women may be just as likely to 
blame victims of rape and battering 

as men; my own research indicates 
they are more likely to do so. 

Even those who cared most some- 
times slipped into the trap of patron- 
izing women — especially women 
who have been victimized — by some- 
how suggesting that society should 
expect less of them because of their 
special status. This trap allowed 
these women to escape responsibility 
for assuming control of their own 
lives, and may have allowed them to 
turn counseling sessions into "one 
great hour of whining. " 

Then public interest waned. New 
"hot" topics came along. 

We ourselves became emotionally 
battered. As we worked with the 
problems of violence, the complexity 
of this issue became increasingly 
apparent. We became aware of our 
own limitations. We saw that many 
of our agencies gave lip service, but 
too little support — both financial 
and emotional. We found out that we 
were fighting among ourselves for 
scarce resources. We burned out and 
we despaired. 

A problem, I think, comes from 
equating gentle with meek, or in the 
current idiom, wimp. To avoid this, 1 
would like to revert to an older, less 
common usage, better expressed by 
the synonym "genteel," which means 
honorable. With this usage, the term 

126 FALL 1986 

"gentle" may he applied to both men 
and women without stigma. We need 
to remember that many men are 
appalled by violence between the 
sexes or generations and that because 
we are caught in the same systems, 
such violence hurts us all. 
Now the charge: 

Much has been done. Many of the 
people present at this symposium 
have been in the vanguard. Some of 
you in the audience would have had 
much to teach those of us who have 
been speakers. 

Much remains to be done. The 
task ahead will be difficult. It will 
require subtle, sophisticated strate- 
gies. In addition to the flamboyant 
politics of confrontation, we will 
need the complexities of conflict 

Let me speak now to those of you 
who toil in these vineyards. Let me 
speak to you about yourselves. As I 
worked with victims, I realized that 
the same reactions I had been seeing 
in them, I was seeing in those to 
whom they turned in their crises. 

This leads to the subject of burn- 
out. It is true that some people never 
burn out. They were never on fire to 
begin with. Burnout is most common 
among those who initially cared, 
perhaps too much. 

However, burnout is not inevita- 

ble. In the extraordinarily stressful 
work that you do, your needs are the 
same as those of the people with 
whom you work. They are the sense 
of meaning or purpose to what we 
do — the support, the ability to pre- 
dict, to know what to expect, the 
perception of control over our lives. 

Stress management also involves 
changing the way we think about 
ourselves and about the world. Often 
it is mind over matter. If you don't 
mind, it doesn't matter. Human 
service workers need to suppress 
inappropriate rescue fantasies and, 
indeed, to remember that God's job 
IS taken. They need to be able to 

Care tor yourself. You make a differ- 

It is true that 

some people never burn out. 

They were never 

on fire to begin with. 

ence. Remember that although abuse 
is never good, many people who 
suffer terrible trauma go on to be 
strong, vital, productive and happy. 
Often it is the support of others to 
whom they turn in crisis that gives 
them the push to survive and to 

To those of you who have never 
had direct contact with problems of 


abuse such as those described today, 
I hope you will never have personal 
need tor this knowledge. It it is not 
so, remember that crisis, such as that 
caused by abuse, has the potential 
for opportunity as well as danger. 
Realize also that you too can help — 
particularly in resisting subtle viola- 
tions and oppressions. Laws and 
attitudes have been changed because 
ordinary people like you cared, and 
expressed your caring in action. 

Even though we sometimes feel 
overwhelmed and wonder about the 
value ot our puny efforts, we all must 
continue to do what we can. We 
cannot wait tor others to change 
attitudes or, on a more grandiose 
scale, for society to change. We can- 
not ignore the plight ot victims now. 
As one ot my police mentors says, 
"You can only bloom where you are 
planted. " 

Finally, the benediction: 

Go forth into the world in peace. Be 
of good courage. 

Holdfast that which is good. Render 
to no one ei'il for evil. 

Strengthen the faint-hearted, support 
the weak, help the afflicted, honor all 

Go forth gently, honorably. 
You have made a difference, you can 
make a difference. 



Continued from Page 23 

In regard to getting arrested, 
Frances Pauley '27 says, "I'm chicken 
in that way, but I've always admired 
those who didn't mind going to jail." 
Pauley, 80 now, tells of a young friend 
who was recently arrested at the 
state capitol for protesting capital 
punishment. "That girl is the kind 
who would take a roach outside in- 
stead of killing it. She visits prisons 
regularly, and she just plain lives her 
beliefs. When I saw them lead her 
out of the courtroom in handcuffs, I 
wondered just what the world was 
coming to," says Pauley. 

"You've got to have people who'll 
test the laws and get the bad ones 
changed," Pauley explained. But she 
recalls she also relied on the police. 
In the late '60s she witnessed many 
arrests during civil rights actions in 
Georgia when she served the Student 
Nonviolent Coordinating Commit- 
tee as an observer, a person who 
watched and telephoned the police if 
protestors were threatened. 

Pauley recalls being in Savannah 
during protests focused on opening 
hotels and restaurants to blacks. For 
example, demonstrators would block 
the doorway of a cafeteria until police 
carried them away. She remembers 
standing at night on a street corner 
packed with whites, overhearing 
talk "bursting with hatred and bitter- 
ness. " She used to try to convey the 
intensity of these feelings to the 
black leadership and her friends, 
begging them to "please be careful." 

Today Pauley works for the poor as 
she has done for years at Emmaus 
House. She educates and lobbies the 
Georgia Legislature through an or- 
ganization called Georgia Poverty 
Rights. People don't understand, 
plus they just "don't like poor 
people," Pauley insists. She recalls 
years back when black kids in Scott- 
dale, Ga. , had only contaminated 
water to drink, and she and others 

worked hard, though with little suc- 
cess, to get the county to run a water 
line to the community. "There was a 
feeling that the water there was al- 
ready good enough for black kids," 
Pauley says, then adds, "It takes laws 
to change things. Still today, 
though, there are people in the 
school system who want to keep the 
races separate." 

"Must the citizen ever tor a mo- 
ment, or in the least degree, resign 
his conscience to the legislator?" 
asked Thoreau in his famous lecture, 
"Civil Disobedience." Pulling from 

All of us were 

grasping at ways 

to deal with a world 

that sometimes felt 

out of our control. 

the same Thoreau text I had studied 
in English class at Agnes Scott, 
complete with scribbled notes in the 
margin, I read, "Even voting /or the 
right is doing nothing for it. It is only 
expressing to men feebly your desire 

that it should prevail Cast 

your whole vote," Thoreau wrote, 
"not a strip of paper merely, but your 
whole influence. A minority is power- 

less while it conforms to the major- 
ity; it is not even a minority then; 
but it is irresistible when it clogs by 
its own weight." 

The day after the St. Mary's pro- 
test, my husband, our 2-year-old 
daughter and I went to nearby Cum- 
berland Island. Never having been 
there, I did not know trees could 
grow so huge and their branches 
become such canopies of thick vines. 
On the beach, my daughter laughed 
and played. She tried to hold down 
her shadow with her hands and step 
away from it. 

Returning to the mainland on the 
ferry that evening, I looked back 
toward Cumberland and wondered 
what all the dredging for the sub- 
marine base would do to this island. 
I looked down into the water below 
us, knowing that already nuclear 
submarines docked at Kings Bay. 
They could be moving silently be- 
neath us even now. I wondered what 
was going to happen to us all. 

When the ferry reached the shore, 
all the passengers crowded down to 
the back deck of the boat to get off. 
But before the ferry was lined up at 
the dock, the motor next to us gave a 
final sputter, its dust and smoke 
surrounding us. The smell was sicken- 
ing. I covered my daughter's face and 
tried to hold my breath until it was 
gone, but 1 couldn't. I stood there in 
the darkened air with all the others, 
with no way out. 

To me, nonviolent civil disobedi- 
ence is a respectable act of despera- 
tion. It is saying no loud enough to a 
society that sometimes doesn't hear 
very well. Saying no so that people 
nearby can know other human beings 
stand with them, even when they 
cannot see each other. 

Winona Kirby Ramsaur lives with her 
husband, Ralph, and daughter Jessica in 
Decatur, Ga. 

128 FALL 1986 





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The last U'eekerui before classes began, u'orkers u'ere putting the fimshing touches on the buildings. 

Restored residence halls welcome students back to campus 

A campus Labor Day gala 
marked the public reopening 
of Agnes Scott and Rebekah 
Scott Halls. 

They date back to the 
College's earliest days. Agnes 
Scott Hall once housed all 
classrooms, administrative/ 
faculty offices and dorm space 
for the College. Rebekah 
Scott Hall came some 15 
years later. After a yearlong 
renovation, these two resi- 
dences are again open to 
students and ready to serve 
the College's second century. 

Taking advantage of smaller 
class sizes, the College con- 
densed the original two-year 
project into one. "We saw a 
chance to close both halls, do 
them at the same time, and 
save about $300,000," said 
Gerald O. Whittington, vice 
president for business and 

Among the most sought- 
after residence halls on campus, 
competition was particularly 
fierce to move into Agnes 
Scott and Rebekah this year, 
according to Associate Dean 
of Students Mollie Merrick 

'57. "Every bed will be taken," 
she noted. "We decided that 
we will not use double rooms 
as singles in these buildings, 
because they are so popular," 
she explained. "If someone 
wants a single, and none are 
available, then they'll either 
have to move to another dorm 
or find a roommate to share a 

Agnes Scott Hall has 20 
singles and Rebekah 17. The 
rest of the 168 rooms are 
doubles, triples and quads. 
Although the Administration 
has previously limited Inman, 
Agnes Scott and Rebekah 
Halls to upperclasswomen, 
first-year students live in 
Main this year as well. Que 
Hudson, dean of students, 
said they decided to include 
freshmen because "upperclass- 
women can carry on tradition 
the best. They can teach 
freshmen what Agnes Scott is 
all about." 

"There have been a lot of 
changes and a lot of moving," 
continued Dean Hudson. "I 
think the developmental 
stages of 18 to 22-year-olds 

need stability. They have 
been in motion. But I think 
the students have handled it 

Both residence halls boast 
new beds, refinished floors 
and oak chests in each room. 
As with the Inman Hall reno- 
vation, alumnae donated 
much of the furniture in the 
dorm's public spaces. Frances 
Steele Garrett '36 worked 
with an alumnae committee 
and Jova Daniels Busby Archi- 
tects to secure and restore the 

Administrative offices will 
occupy the lower floors of 
both halls along with parlors 
and meeting and conference 
rooms. The offices of the 
president, dean of students, 
financial aid, career planning 
and health services moved to 
Main in August. Admissions, 
the College chaplain and the 
director of student activities 
relocated to Rebekah. 

Walters Hall is next on the 
renovation list. It will close 
for repairs to the heating 
system and other minor 

Track completes first 
phase of PE project 

When students arrive on 
campus this month a new 
track and field will be waiting. 
The track will be the first in 
the College's history, and the 
first phase of the new physical 
education center project. The 
new field will alternate with 
the overburdened playing 
field behind the library. 

"Students are expecting 
facilities at least as good as 
those they grew up with," said 
the College's vice president 
for business and finance, 
Gerald O. Whittington. The 
400-meter track has six lanes 
surrounding a natural-grass 
field. The project took nearly 
a year to complete at cost of 
about $940,000. 

Designed by Robert & 
Company architects, the field 
has a state-of-the-art drainage 
and irrigation system, said 
Whittington. Inadequate 
drainage makes most fields 
muddy and virtually unusable 
after a heavy rainfall. The 
new field has a 2-inch layer of 
topsoil over a layer of sand. 
When it rains, water perco- 
lates through the top layer, 
flushes through the sand and 
is caught in an underground 
collection source. 

Although its design boasts 
the newest in technology, the 
new track and field lacks 
lighting. Nighttime illumi- 
nation would interfere with 
the telescopes at Bradley 



Windows, arch and other Hub treasures will reappear in student center 

This summer, the College 
community said goodbye to 
an "old friend." During July 
demolition crews carefully 
dismantled the Murphy 
Candler Building, affection- 
ately known as "the Hub." 
Though much loved, through 
the years the building had 
become a safety hazard, 
according to Gerald O. 
Whittington, vice president 
for business and finance. "It 
would tall down of its own 
accord if we didn't take it 
down," he said. The adminis- 
tration barred students from 
the second floor for some 
time, and the Department of 
Public Safety moved from the 
basement because of chronic 
flooding and foundation 

The Hub will be gone, hut 
not forgotten. Certain archi- 
tectutal features preserved 
during the demolition will 
find a home in the new cam- 
pus center. The crew saved 
the leaded-glass windows, the 
arch over the front doors, 
some interior light fixtures 
and the capstone, or piece of 
masonry bearing the words 

'AD 1910," before beginning 
their task. In addition the 
contractor saved about 2,000 
bricks to use as gifts for Col- 
lege donors, noted Mary 
Leslie Scott, director of the 
annual fund. 

College master plans called 
for the Hub's removal as early 
as 1940, but the College 
could not afford to do so until 
now. If everything goes ac- 
cording to schedule, the old 
gymnasium will become a 
student center by next year. 
Whittington and Dean of 

Students Cue Hudson '68 
announced tentative arrange- 
ments for the coming year. 
They hope to convert the 
Terrace Dining Hall into a 
temporary student lounge and 
television room, while the 
lower level of Walters Hall 
would serve as a game room. 

The Hub was the College's 
original library. Its collection 
soon outgrew the space and 
the building became a student 
center in 1936, when McCain 
Library was built. 

The College plans to land- 

scape the site on which the 
building stood. Landscape 
architect Edward L. Daugherry 
will go to work as soon as the 
dust settles. The College 
wants to shore up the rest of 
the campus as well, since 
many of its trees are either 
dying or nearing the end of 
their life span. 

Most of the trees on the 
front campus lining East Col- 
lege Ave. are "volunteers" — 
they just took root and grew. 
Mostly oak trees, they have a 
life expectancy of about a 
century. In addition, an arbor- 
ist confirmed that Dutch elm 
disease is killing the elms 
lining South McDonough 
Street. This condition is 
methodically destroying the 
nation's elm population. 

"We have to start a tree 
replacement program so the 
College will always have 
those high canopy trees," said 
Whittington. "We're trying 
to make sure it's the most 
beautiful campus possible by 
the centennial, and that it 
will survive another 100 

Foundation earmarks 
$255,000 tor 
Global Awareness 

Agnes Scott's Global Aware- 
ness Program has received a 
$255,000 grant from the 
Jessie Ball duPont Religious, 
Charitable and Educational 
Fund. The two-year grant will 
provide student scholarships 
and development costs for 
foreign study under the 
Global Awareness Program. 

Said Dr. John Studstill, 
program director, "This grant 
is extremely important, not 
only to assure the continu- 
ance of our program for the 
next two or three years, but 
also to assure the possibility 

of a very high level of partici- 
pation and quality by making 
study available to all our 
students." He added that one 
of the program's original 
objectives was to enable every 
student to participate, regard- 
less of economic status. 

Although funds will not 
officially be available until 
next spring, planning is al- 
ready underway for five new 
programs, to be offered next 
summer and during Christmas 
break in 1987. Possibilities 
include study and travel in 
Ecuador and the Galapagos 
Islands, Taiwan, Greece, 
England and Burkina Faso. 

The latter is the home of 
Decatur's sister-cities. 

"We want to bring Agnes 
Scott and its students, faculty 
and staft into closer communi- 
cation and cooperation with 
as much of our world as pos- 
sible," Studstill explained. 
"We want the program to 
enhance the quality of educa- 
tion at the College and con- 
tribute to greater mutual 
understanding and harmony 
between all the people and 
cultures ot the global commu- 
nity. " The program, he hopes, 
will also bring more interna- 
tional students to Agnes 
Scott for study. 

Tell us about 
Outstanding alumnae 

The 1986 Agnes Scott Awards 
Committee is accepting 
nominations of alumnae until 
Nov. 30 for Service to the 
College, Service to the Com- 
munity, and Distinguished 
Career. Letters of recommen- 
dation should specify the 
award for which the alumna is 
nominated, as well as why she 
has been selected. Mail 
recommendations to Awards 
Committee, Alumnae Office, 
Agnes Scott College, De- 
catur, GA 30030. 

Dorothy Qidllian Reeves '49 

Awards Chair 

130 FALL 1986 


A Big Apple Holiday 

Join the Agnes Scott Alumnae 
Association Dec. 26-30, 1986, 
for a holiday gift of art and 
theater in New York. A high- 
light ot the trip will he the 
van Gogh in St. Remy and 
Auvers Exhibition at the 
Metropolitan Museum of 
Art. Other special activities 
n the Whitney Museum 

and John Singer Sargent 

D two evenings ot theater 
n architectural tour of lower 

n lecture tours of special 

private and corporate 

n SoHo tour led by an art 

D "Backstage at the Opera" 

tour ot Lincoln Center 
D opportunities to meet 

artists and performers at 

receptions arranged just 

for us. 

This four night and five day 
trip includes excellent ac- 
commodations in the heart of 
the theatre district. The cost 
is approximately $700 exclu- 
sive of airfare and based on 15 
or more participants. 

For a brochure and further 
information write the Alumnae 
Office, Agnes Scott College, 
Decatur, GA 30030 or call 

September 23 

Cah'ert Johnson, Agnes Scott 
Associate Professor of Music 
8:15 p.m., Presser Hall/Free 

October 5 - November 2 

Dana Fine Arts Building/Free 
(Gallery hours are Monday through 
Friday, 9 a.m. to 9 p.m., and 
Saturday and Sunday, 1 to 5 p.m.) 

October 14 


John Browning, pianist 
8:15 p.m., Presser Hall 
$9 general admission; $6 students 

October 23, 24, 25, 30, 31 

"Crimes ot the Heart" 

8:15 p.m., Dana Fine Arts Building 

$4, general admission; $3, students 

(For ticket information, 

call 371-6248) 

November 1 



"Crimes ot the Heart" 
8:15 p.m., Dana Fine Arts Building 
$4, general admission; $3, students 
(For ticket information, call 371-6248) 

November 9 — December 12 

Dana Fine Arts Building/Free 
(Gallery hours are Monday through 
Friday, 9 a.m. to 9 p.m., and 
Saturday and Sunday, 1 to 5 p.m.) 

November 20 


8:15 p.m., Presser Hall 

39, general admission; $6, students 

November 23 



Marc Burcham, conductor 
6 p.m., Presser Hall/Free 

December 2 


The Swingle Singers 

8:15 p.m., Presser Hall 

$9, general admission; $6, students 

December 7 


7:30 p.m., Presser Hall/Free 


Agnes Scott College 
Decatur, Georgia 30030 

Nonprofit Organization 



Decatur, GA 30030 

Permit No. 469 

Page 24. 

Keeping violence from overwhelming us. 




As this year fades into another, 
those of us who pubUsh the 
magazine and Main Events 
look hack over the past year and into 
the new in an effort to assess our 
program. As 1986 ends, we're pleased 
to have finished six periodicals this 
year, making a full schedule. We 
hope you found their content 
informative and interesting. For 
1987, we hope to continue to 
provide you with well-written and 
timely articles by and about alumnae. 
We are considering highlighting two 
topics in particular as they are 
experienced by our alumnae: voca- 
tion in its broadest sense and spir- 
ituality. We welcome your ideas 
about people with whom to talk, 
books by alumnae, or possible 
alumnae writers. 

In view of the holidays, this issue we traveled back to 
Oxford, Ga. , with alumna author, Polly Stone Buck 
74, whose childhood covers the early years of Emory 
College. The College is also celebrating the reopening 
of the newly reburbished Agnes and Rebekah Scott 
Halls — both photographed beautifully for these pages. 
Two highly successful programs on campus. Return to 
College and Global Awareness, are spotlighted as well. 
In the center you'll find a special insert sharing with you 
the College's good news in development. 

Unlike people — who either have it or don't — all 
newspapers and magazines have their own "style." 
Usually invisible, a publication's style is the set of rules 
that helps its copy editor navigate through the endless 
options and contradictions of the English language and 
still remain consistent. 

Our current dilemma is honorifics: 
Mrs., Miss, Mr., Dr., and that 
person-come-lately, Ms. On June 
19, 1986, The New York Times 
welcomed Ms. to the Times news 
section to be used whenever a 
woman preferred it, regardless of her 
marital status. 

The Agnes Scott Alumnae 
Magazine uses Associated Press 
style, which calls for use of a person's 
last name on second reference. But 
as longtime Agnes Scott Professor of 
Biology Josephine Bridgman '27 
graciously points out in her letter to 
the editor, most alumnae are known 
to classmates by their original 
names. In the beginning of articles, 
we intend that an alumna be referred 
to by her full name. But on second 
reference, the going gets tough. 
Would Susan Marie Smith who married John Jones be 
Smith or Jones? Some women are offended when called 
only by their last name, but newspapers have done that 
to men for years. Writing about an 80-year-old woman as 
Susan may seem overly familiar and disrespectful. Ms. 
Smith? Mrs. Jones? Or perhaps she hyphenates? As for 
unmarried women: are they Miss or Ms? Many women 
feel that their marital status should not be part of their 
name. Others believe that is important information 
about them. Should one style be used in our feature 
articles and news sections and another, more familiar 
style be used in Class News? 

Please help us with this new year's "resolution." This 
magazine is for you. We would like to know your preference. 
If The New York Times can change its policy in what 
columnist William Safire called "a triumph of reason," 
we're certainly open to suggestions. —Lynn Donham 

Editor: Lynn Donham, Managing Editor: Stacey Noiles, Editorial Assistants: Carolyn Wynens, Ann Bennett, Student 

Assistants: Chelle Cannon '90, Jill Jordan '89, Ginger Patton '89, Shari Ramcharan '89, Lisa Terry '90, Editorial Advisory Board: Dr. 

Ayse Ilgaz Carden '66, Laura Whitner Dorsey '35, Susan Ketchin Edgerton '70, Sandra Cluck, Mary Kay Jarboe '68, Tish Young 

McCutchen '73, Mildred Love Petty '61, Lucia Howard Sizemore '65, Elizabeth Stevenson '41 

Copyright 1986, Agnes Scott College. Published three times a year by the Office of Publications of Agnes Scott College, Buttrick Hall, 

College Avenue, Decatur, GA 30030, 404/371-6315. The magazine is published for alumnae and friends of the College. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to Office of Development and Public Affairs, Agnes Scott College, Decatur, GA 30030. 

Like other content of the magazine, this 

article reflects the opinion of the 

writer and not the viewpoint of 

the College, its trustees or administration. 

12 WINTER 1986 



Kudos! You've done it! My fall magazine 
arrived tonight, and I've read it co\'er to 
cover. This is exactly what I've been 
craving — carefully written, in-depth 
articles on topics by our own [alumnae]. 
At last we've found our future in 
questions asked and articles of this 
caliber. Fantastic! Keep it up and many 

jitdy Roach '67 
Indiatlantic, Fla. 

Just a note to say how much I enjoyed 
the tall '86 issue of Agnes Scott Alumnae 
Magazine. It was among my reading 
material (catch up work) on my way to 
Panama and helped (enjoyably) pass the 
time in the scenic Miami airport! The 
main articles on Page 8, Page 13, and 
Page 16 were good and especially Page 8 
and Page 16 gave me food tor thought. 

Beth Barclay DeWall 76 
Cincinruiti, Ohio 

Congratulations on the Agnes Scott 
magazine and its national awards. 1 have 
especially enjoyed the fall issue which 
brought news of several friends, young 
and old. 

May I mention what 1 think is a minor 
fault? In your report on Guill, the writer 
failed to mention her as Lou Frank '69. 
Since the alumnae magazine is for the 
alumnae, 1 think helping the readers to 
recognize their friends is desirable. Lou 
Frank was quite a gal on campus, and 
also has friends and relatives in Decatur. 
Incidentally, she was a biology major 
whom 1 knew and \'ery much enjoyed. 

With every good wish for continued 

]osephine Bridgman '27 
Decatur, Ga. 

I want you folks to know how much 1 like 
the publications. This issue of the Agnes 
Scott Alumnae Magazine (Fall) was 
especially attractive and interesting. 
Congratulations on your CASE 
awards — what a special reward for hard 
work this is! 

Francis Holtsclaw Berry '57 
Fompavio Beach, Fla. 

Agnes Scott 
Alumnae Magazine 



Winter 1986 
N'uiumc 64 Number ? 


The Blessed Town 

An alumna recounts her childhood m 

the small town of Oxford where Emory University 

has its roots. B>' ?o\h Stone Buck 


On Your Mark, 

Get Set, Go Back to College 

Return to College students are the type of women 
who have always distinguished Agnes Scott. B>' lAnia Vhrtrxce 


Jewels in the Crown 

Like Inman, Agnes and Rebekah Scott Halls 
are sparkling like new. By %tace-y hloiles 


Discover India, Discover Yourself 

Twelve students went to India and found a land 

of fascinating and stark contrast. Some also found a part 

of themselves. By Lynn Donham 

Special Section 

The President's Report 1985-1986 
A record year. 






Gilreath finds her niche at 6 and 11 

At 23. ]ulie Giheaih may be the youngest neus anchor at an NBC affiliate. 

E\'er>' weeknight at 6 
and 11 p.m., Julie 
Gilreath '85 visits 
thousands of middle- 
Georgia residents in their 
living rooms — as the eve- 
ning anchorperson for 
WMGT-TV, the NBC af- 
filiate in Macon. At 23, 
Gilreath may be the young- 
est NBC-TV-affiliated 

evening news anchor in 
the business. 

Gilreath started working 
as a general assignment 
reporter for the Macon 
station exactly eight days 
after her graduation from 
Agnes Scott. "I said I 
wasn't going to graduate 
without having a job," she 
recalls. "So I targeted dif- 

ferent cities — Chatta- 
nooga, Augusta, Columbus, 
Macon — and went there 
for interviews. " The Macon 
station asked her to start as 
soon as possible. 

ACartersville, Ga., 
native, Gilreath had got- 
ten "hooked" on television 
after spending her sopho- 
more summer working on 

the air at the small cable 
television station in her 
hometown. From that 
point on, she augmented 
her classroom work as an 
English major with a series 
of carefully chosen, semes- 
ter-long internships in 
broadcasting. During her 
junior and senior years at 
Agnes Scott, she held in- 
ternships or paid part-time 
positions at WATL-TV 
(Channel 36), WAGA-TV 
(Channel 5), and at the 
Atlanta-based Cable News 

On the job in Macon, 
then, Gilreath found her- 
self well-prepared, though 
a bit surprised at just how 
quickly her experience was 
put to the test. "I was sent 
on an assignment the very 
first day!" she says, laugh- 
ing. "I was thrown in and I 
learned by doing — that's 
the only way to do it m 

A general assignment 
reporter for a small station, 
she found, is much like a 
one-woman band: not only 
did Gilreath research and 
write her stories, complete 
with on-camera interviews, 
but she usually shot all the 
footage. For interviews, 
her subjects held the micro- 
phone while she operated 
the camera; for her own 
on-camera appearances, 
she set the camera on a 
tripod and ran around in 
front. "It teaches you to 
budget your time wisely," 
Gilreath observes, "and 
also, to exercise your 
creativity and ingenuity." 
Limited resources not- 
withstanding, among the 
stories she presented were a 



four-part series, "Victims 
for Life," on sexual assault; 
a series on Georgia's Qual- 
ity Basic Education (QBE) 
program; and pieces on 
Alzheimer's disease and 
abuse of the elderly. 

After six months of re- 
porting, Gilreath was of- 
fered the evening news 
anchor slot. She now ap- 
pears nightly on the 6 and 
11 o'clock newscasts with a 
male co-anchor. In addi- 
tion, she produces the 11 
o'clock show, a job which 
entails making assignments 
to the station's three re- 
porters, writing and rewrit- 
ing news stories, editing 
videotape, timing the 
newscast, and other details 
of getting the newscast on 
the air. 

Gilreath believes her 
liberal arts degree is just as 
valuable — if not more 
valuable — in her journal- 
istic career than a more 
specific major such as com- 
munications or broadcast- 
ing. "You can go further 
with a liberal arts degree," 
she says. "You have a better 
view of things going on 
around you. " That broader 
understanding of the 
world, she says, is an attri- 
bute that television news 
directors are quick to recog- 
nize. The specific technical 
skills of broadcasting can 
be readily acquired on the 
set; but a broad-based, 
analytically-oriented edu- 
cation in the liberal arts is 
appreciated, even in the 
hectic world of television, 
as a far more rare commod- 
ity. — Faye Goolrick 

Winter becomes highest-ranking woman at Bell Research 

Patricia Winter '71 X, 
daughter of Eva Ann 
Pirkle Winter '40, 
has been named general 
attorney at Bell Communi- 
cations Research, Inc., in 
Livingston, N.J. She is the 
second woman to hold this 
vice-presidency and is the 
highest-ranking female in 
the company. 

Born in Atlanta and 
raised in Lincoln, Neb., 
Winter began a major in 
French at Agnes Scott and 
continued at the Univer- 
sity of Nebraska in Lincoln. 
She graduated Phi Beta 
Kappa and with high dis- 
tinction in 1971. In 1975, 
she earned a J.D. degree 
from the College of Law at 
UN-L, again with high 
distinction, and was named 
to the Order of the Coit, 
the national honor society 
for legal students. 

"Law school," Winter 
says, "was the most exciting 
overall classroom experi- 
ence I'd had since Agnes 
Scott." Hetties to the 
College run deep. "1 feel 
that 1 grew up there," she 
said. "In summer, when we 
visited Atlanta, my mother 
always took me to visit the 
campus, to see Carrie 
Scandrett, and the profes- 
sors my mother knew. " 
While an Agnes Scott 
student. Winter formed 
close friendships with "a 
group of five, especially, 
from the second floor of 
Inman," she says. 

After law school. Winter 
joined an Omaha law firm. 
Within five years she was 
promoted to partner. In 
January 1982, she moved 

Patricia Winter 

to the legal department of 
Northwestern Bell, where 
she was responsible for 
employee benefits, labor 
and some personnel areas. 
During the AT&T divesti- 
ture of 1982-83, she was on 
the team which represented 
US West, one of the newly 
formed regional com- 
panies, in the extensive 
and complex negotiations 
of pension plans and other 
employee benefits. Fifty 
billion dollars ot wage 
earners' benefits were under 
scrutiny. Winter recalls in 
particular one staggering 
weekend then — "appropri- 
ately, it was Labor Day 
weekend," she laughs — 
and she remembers review- 
ing more than 5 , 000 pages 
of documents. 

Winter's position places 
her with the only firm in 
the network of AT&T 
offshoots jointly owned by 
all the telephone operating 
companies. Bell Communi- 
cations Research provides 
development and engineer- 
ing support to all its owner 

companies. Winter man- 
ages areas of personnel, 
labor benefits and tax law. 
Three attorneys, a para- 
legal and the legal depart- 
ment manager report to 
her. She enjoys the work, 
she says. "It is an intellec- 
tual puzzle. I like taking 
the legal aspect and inte- 
grating it with reality." 
Though she has previous 
management experience, 
this is the first position 
where her management 
and people skills are being 
developed. "Management 
is both the most satisfying 
and the most challenging 
part of this position fot 
me," she said, "because 
you have to manage people 
as individuals. You can 
learn management con- 
cepts and styles, but you 
have to find out how they 
work, and think and in- 
teract with each other. You 
have to learn a lot about 
people as individuals." 
Winter attributes her 
career success to a combi- 
nation of "hard work, good 
fortune and confidence." 
Her achievements are noth- 
ing new in the Winter 
family. Both of her parents 
were professors at UN-L, 
and her mother's many 
accomplishments in math- 
ematics and engineering 
were featured in a 1979 
issue of the Agnes Scott 
Alumnae Quarterly. Winter 
lives in New Providence, 
N.J., with husband Dennis 
Holsapple, also an attor- 
ney, and their cat Titania. 
—Jane Zanca '83 

A/^MCC Cr^/~\TT L 


Isaacson's of Atlanta is smart and chic, much like owner Louise Bernard 

saacson's is one ot the 
most exclusive specialty 
stores in Atlanta. That it 
is also considered one ot 
the most accessible and 
friendly is a tribute to its 
owner and president, 
Louise Isaacson Bernard 
'46, who is also a trustee of 
Agnes Scott College. 

She walks with a long 
stride and swinging arms, 
probably much as she did 
on campus 40-plus years 
ago. As she runs her fingers 
through a shock ot brown 
hair that by most standards 
would appear to be fashion- 
ably coiffed, she allows 
that it is in need of a trim. 
A chic green outfit shows 
her fashion sense; a warm 
and open smile, her friendly 

A few minutes in her 
small, cluttered office dem- 
onstrates that despite the 
high veneer of glamour on 
the sales floor, this is 
a hard and demanding 

Isaacson's began as a fur 
store in downtown Atlanta, 
in the lobby of the old 
Henry Grady Hotel, where 
the Peachtree Plaza Hotel 
now stands. Her father 
took her to New York on 
her first buying trip when 
she was 16, a high school 
graduation gift. "I re- 
member bragging that 
Atlanta's population was a 
quarter million," she 
laughs. 'At that time. New 
York's was 12 million." 

Later, at her suggestion, 
Isaacson's began carrying a 
small selection of sports- 

"Our first attempts at 
sportswear were very moder- 

ate in price," Bernard 
notes. "That was not our 
forte, but we could see a 
need, at least 1 could, and 
we went into better sports- 
wear. But it has become 
better and better and better 
and better," she smiles. 

"At that time, the vari- 
ous manufacturers granted 
exclusive rights. There 
were a lot of other stores in 
town like Rich's and J. P. 
Allen's. They offered the 
manufacturers exclusive 
rights to sell certain lines, 
so a lot ot manufacturers 
didn't want us to buy their 
lines. But we gradually 
made our own little niche." 

Bernard grew up in 
Druid Hills, sandwiched 
between a brother and older 
sister (Ramona Isaacson 
Freedman '45X). "1 have 
certainly seen changes in 
Atlanta," she says. "I think 
my graduating class from 
Druid Hills was 60-odd 
students. That was con- 
sidered a fine-sized class!" 
She attended Agnes Scott 
as a day student. 

She was a sociology and 
business major, although 
at the time she did not 
have Isaacson's in mind as 
a career. That was coinci- 

dence, she says. "I was just 
more interested in business 
than 1 was in anything 
else, and 1 ended up minor- 
ing in English because 1 
loved the English courses 
that I took. I can only tell 
you that I knew languages 
and fine arts were out. I did 
what 1 was best at." 

Bernard graduated from 
Agnes Scott immediately 
following World War II, 
when women were leaving 
the workforce to make 
room for returning vet- 
erans. She chose, with the 
support of husband Maurice 
Bernard, to work full time 
in the family business. 

"My family needed my 
help with the store, relied 
on it. We both agreed that 
this was what I would do. 
It was never discussed. My 
family has been very sup- 
portive, both my husband 
and my children. They 
never once said, 'Oh, you 
ought not to do that.' " 
The Bernards have two 

Bernard has been a trus- 
tee since 1978. She believes 
very strongly in the future 
of women's colleges. "There 
is a need for a college for 

women. I got many of my 
feelings of being able to 
cope in this world from 
having gone [to Agnes 
Scott] because I was never 
put down for being a woman 

"But I have felt that so 
much of the denigration of 
women in this country has 
come from women who did 
not have the benefit of an 
ASC education," she con- 
tinues. "Very few of our 
graduates come in here to 
shop and say, 'Well, I have 
to show it to my husband, 
because, after all, it's his 
money. ' They never say it's 
his money, because they 
know it's their money. " 

After 8 years, Bernard is 
still enthusiastic about 
being a member of the 
board of trustees. "We 
have fantastic people on 
our board," she says. "1 
have been so pleased with 
the women trustees that 
1 have met, older and 
younger, and am so im- 
pressed with the brain 
power of Harriet King, 
Susan Phillips, and the 
reasoning ability of Betty 
Cameron and Dot Addison. 

"These are people that I 
probably wouldn't have 
known otherwise, because 
we are different age groups. 

"I'm just totally impressed 
with the caliber of our 
mostly alumnae trustees 
and the men who are on 
the board. 

"The impact of ASC 
graduates is very quiet," 
Bernard notes. "But we're 
out there in more numbers 
than people realize." 
— Stacey Noiles 


Sarah Campbell quietly blazes trails with a pioneering torm of therapy 

When Sarah 
Campbell '81 was 
7 she wrote a 
compostion titled, "I Want 
To Be A Child Psychia- 
trist." Later, in her junior 
year of high school, she 
discovered dance. Today 
Campbell combines the 
structure of psychiatric 
therapy with the freedom 
of movement in a career 
field that is so new, it is still 
defining itself. 

Campbell first watched 
dance therapy — "psycho- 
therapy using movement, 
instead of words" — when 
she attended a Unified 
Arts Conference with 
Agnes Scott Associate 
Professor of Physical Educa- 
tion Marylin Darling. "I 
was fascinated, but I was 
also scared," she recalls. 
"It was the first genuinely 
free movement I had ever 
seen. I wanted only to 
watch, because knowing 
the power of movement, I 
didn't want to expose my- 

self, to be that readable." 
In the summer of 1980, 
Campbell used a Studies in 
Progress Award from the 
College's Studio Dance 
Theater to attend a three- 
week course with dance 
therapist Arlene Stark. 
Later, after earning a de- 
gree in biology at ASC, 
and a two-year, well- 
traveled stint as a phar- 
maceuticals representative, 
she met Stark again, as 
director of the graduate 
program in which Campbell 
earned her master's degree 
in dance movement therapy. 
Now working at Charter 
Peachford Hospital in 
Atlanta, she holds 45- 
minute sessions with small 
groups ot severely disturbed 
teenagers. Ironically, she 
completed an internship 
on the adolescent unit at 
Charter Peachford during 
her junior year and she 
recalls "hating" it. 'Al- 
though, in retrospect," she 
says, "it was probably be- 
cause the patients and I 

were so close m age. 

The program at Charter 
Peachford relies on struc- 
ture rather than medica- 
tion, and Sarah continues 
themes in the therapy pro- 
gram. Yet the group ses- 
sions must be spontaneous, 
and responsive to the 
momentary mental and 
emotional state ot the indi- 
viduals. "Pre-planned ses- 
sions flop," she says. Most 
of the patients in the dance 
therapy program have dem- 
onstrated behavior disor- 
ders, major depression, or 
adjustment reaction. Some 
have been so sheltered that 
they were prevented from 
maturing; others have been 
forced to grow up long 
before they were ready, 
have become streetwise, 
and may have had to physi- 
cally defend their lives. 

"Some are so depressed, 
they can't move at all in a 
session," Campbell says. 
She uses ribbons, balls, 
masks, hand puppets and 
other props to draw re- 

sponse. Once a week, the 
patients plan a session and 
choose music to be used — 
"from the supply we have," 
the therapist says. "I have 
to screen words very care- 
fully. We have no hard rock 
or video music." Contrary 
to the belief that teenagers 
listen only to the music, 
and not to the words, 
Campbell warns, "The 
kids usually know all the 
words to all the songs." 
The impact of most nega- 
tive music, she points out, 
is seen in the several pa- 
tients who were hospital- 
ized because of a suicide 
attempt, accomplished 
while playing one particu- 
lar, darkly evocative song. 
Campbell finds her work 
immensely rewarding. 
"The results are very visi- 
ble," she says. She plans to 
continue growing with her 
chosen field, and is very 
interested in its potential 
for rehabilitation of head- 
injury and stroke victims. 
— Jane A. Zanca '83 

Az-^MCc cr^^^TT Alll^fl^iA[; ^/lA^A7l^l 



The Blessed 


'-/^/t ' — 

By Polly Stone Buck '24 

IQ .. 

Admittedly, Oxford was not a 
wildly exciting place, espe- 
cially for students who came 
from sophisticated city homes, hut to 
those of us who had seldom been 
beyond Covington, it seemed a 
bu::ing community. Somehow, be- 
tween education and religion, the 
days were filled. Although one of the 
students once wrote home, "After 
the leaves have fallen in the autumn, 
nothing moves here," there was al- 
ways something going on. 

Sundays were especially full, with 
three religious meetings at the 
church (and nothing short of being 
sick in bed was an excuse for not 
attending) — Sunday school, eleven 
o'clock preaching, and prayer meet- 
ing in the evening. Between these 
last two, students often sandwiched 
in a walk alone in the woods to prac- 
tice aloud the coming week's assign- 
ments in oratory or debating, which 
were popular courses. Or they might 
have the Covington livery stable 
send over a rig to take a young lady 
buggy riding. There was one great 
objection to this: at some point be- 
fore the ride was over, the horse was 
sure to relieve himself vigorously 
right in front of their four eyes — a 
very embarrassing moment for young 
people. So a young lady might often 
refuse an engagement for a ride, and 
prefer a long walk. (A plan to go 
somewhere in the company of the 
opposite sex was called an "engage- 
ment," never a "date." Dates were 
something like 1066 and 1492.) 

On weekdays, daylight hours were 
taken up with classes, and for the 
students, with athletics as well. They 
had several tennis courts, unen- 
closed, but with backstops, and a 
rudely laid-out athletic field for foot- 
ball, circled by a running track. The 
small red brick gymnasium had 
traveling rings, a leather vaulting 
horse, space for marching, an area 

for exercises with dumbbells or In- 
dian clubs, and a marked-off basket- 
ball court. There was no swimming 
pool; this was before the days when 
everyone learned to swim as a matter 
of course. 

The faculty kept fit not by doing 
anything very strenuous, but by walk- 
ing to classes, Sunday afternoon 
country rambles, and exercising a 
few minutes on rising every morning 
at the open window with a pair of 
wooden dumbbells. Faculty wives 
felt they were getting plenty of exer- 
cise when they v\'alked around in 
their yards, cutting flowers for the 
vases, or — after the yardman had 
hitched up — when they drove 
around in their buggies in the after- 
noons to pay calls, to shop in the 
Covington stores, or simply to "take 
the air." The main thing prescribed 
for good health was "getting out 
more" — breathing Oxford's pure, 
unpolluted air, and not any form of 
exertion when once outside. The 
children's little arms and legs began 
exercising and pumping fresh air 
into their lungs the minute they 
woke up in the morning. 

All evenings were peaceful. With 
no streetlights, there was no induce- 
ment to to stumble around in the 
dark. People took cover. 

How did people fill the hours? 

The "glorious business of educa- 

tion" took care of most of them, for 
the evenings were giwn to study. 
Children did homework around the 
big lamp on the dining room table, 
and then joined Mama and Papa in 
the parlor for reading aloud. There 
was all of Dickens to go through, and 
if they finished him. Sir Walter Scott 
was waiting in the wings. They sang 
around the piano — hymns, serenades, 
folk songs; there was chess, and 
checkers, and as many as four could 
play a hot game of Parcheesi. They 
talked to each other; parents dealt 
out advice to their offspring. 

College boys put on isinglass 
eyeshades and bent over their books 
on the little study tables in their 
bedrooms. Or they strolled, whis- 
tling, over to their club rooms for 
discussion of this or that with tlieir 
fraternity brothers, to strum guitars 
or banjos, sing together, or play 
chess or checkers. A great deal of 
masculine whistling went on, espe- 
cially by anyone walking or working 
alone. Each fraternity had its own 
shrill whistles, both a call and an 
answer, and the members used them 
constantly to signal each other; a 
piercing whistle would reach far on 
Oxford's quiet streets. At glee club 
concerts, after the v\'ords of several 
verses of a song had been sung, 
another would almost always be whis- 
tled through. 

To pass a pleasant evening after 
the next day's assignments had been 
completed, the romantically minded 
often sat in porch swings with local 
young ladies, who prepared for the 
engagement by making a plate of 
fudge or divinity candy. If was a 
warm evening, the boy would draw 
up a bucketful of fresh cold water 
from the well, while the young lady 
rolled and squeezed lemons for a 
pitcher of lemonade. And some- 
times, on Saturday nights, the whole 
town "cut loose" with affairs that 


were purely social, with no educa- 
tional or religious strings tied to 
them. It might be a magic lantern 
show in the Old Church or the 
Alkahest Lyceum circuit show, which 
made an annual appearance with a 
fifty-cent admission program, and 
was worth every penny. There were 
no half dollars lying loose around our 
house, so we had to take other 
people's word for this. The write-up 
in the Covington paper said of one 
such evening: "The audience was 
kept practically in an uproar, either 
laughing at the humor, or on the 
point of tears at the pathetic. The 
program consisted of dialect read- 
ings, songs, a few pieces for the 
violin, and a collection of jokes hard 
to beat." 

We were not dependent entirely 
on the space offered by the Old 
Church, for when sliding doors were 
pushed back into the walls and the 
whole downstairs "thrown together," 
many Oxford homes were large 
enough to take care of receptions 
and programs. Nor did we have to 
wait until out-of-town professional 
entertainers arrived to furnish amuse- 
ments. We had talent of our own, 
and there was no charge to hear 

Elocution was the great thing just 
then, with two schools of delivery, 
the Delsarte method and the Emer- 
son method, and several of our young 
ladies had had correspondence 
courses in one or the other and were 
proficient in giving "readings" with 
gestures. So along with the never- 
absent piano selections an entertain- 
ment would also have a "reading." 
Sometimes the two would be com- 
bined: the words of a poem recited to 
piano chords at just about the same 
fashionable step-halt, step-halt 
tempo at which wedding attendants 
came down the aisle. Not every lady 
had the presence to be a good 
"reader," but all had been raised 
under the same rule of daily compul- 
sory practice, and by dedicated 

pounding during their growing-up 
years, every one of them was a more 
or less competent pianist. They were 
a great addition to the local cultural 
life, never evading a performance by 
"not having brought my music," for 
they all knew several things by heart, 
and were delighted to oblige, adjust- 
ing the piano stool to the correct 
height by a series of twirls, laying a 
little lace bordered handkerchief at 
the end of the keyboard, and then 
plunging into one of their pieces 
from a recent copy of Etude. 

After the Meltons came to Emory 
from Johns Hopkins, things were 
much more lively. Professor Melton 
and his Baltimore family stirred 
things up considerably and brought a 
breath of city air and sophistication 
into our village life. Mrs. Melton 
was horrified to learn that the mis- 
sionary society was the town's only 
women's organization, and she 
immediately started a "cultural 
group" called the K. K. K. , after one 
she had belonged to in Baltimore. It 
meant Kil Kare Klub — no relation to 
the Ku Klux Klan. It met in rotation 
in the members' homes once a 
month, with a "paper" written with 
much agony by some member, fol- 
lowed by chicken salad and beaten 
biscuits and coffee, and then erudite 
discussion provoked by the paper's 
topic. The ladies adjudged suffi- 
ciently intellectual and socially 
qualified to belong to this group were 
definitely perked up by it all; the 
missionary society meetings came in 
a poor second. 

Oxford ladies did not always have 
their eyes on culture and improve- 
ment. In the afternoons they were 

To go somewhere in the 
company of the opposite 

sex was called an 

engagement, never a date. 

Dates were 1066 and 1492. 

sometimes frivolous enough for a few 
tables of Rook, with a prize tor the 
highest score and a boob one for the 
lowest — something ridiculously 
funny that was supposed to salve the 
feelings of the afternoon's poorest 
player. Rook wasn't a very compli- 
cated card game, and little girls 
would play it too, but we preferred 
Flinch, while we sat crosslegged on 
the floor of the porch or the cool 
hall. "Spotted cards" was what we 
called regular playing cards, which 
were so wicked that they were never 
seen in Oxford. An Oxford lady 
once certainly proved her total ignor- 
ance of them by saying innocently, 
"Why, I wouldn't know an ace from a 
spade!" Liquor, dancing, and 
gambling were outlawed by the char- 
ter, sternly forbidden ever to cross 
the town line, and as we understood 
it, playing with "spotted cards" was 
what was meant by gambling. 

Once one of these nefarious items 
was discovered caught in some leaves 
on the Palmer girls' playground. We 
gathered fearfully around to look at 
it from a safe distance. Emphatically 
we did not want to to continue to 
pollute the place, yet none of us was 
daring enough to pick it up to dispose 
of it. (There might be blue jays 
around, who would report us to the 
Bad Man. ) A bold soul finally got 
the fire tongs from the schoolhouse 
and with them carried it at arm's 
length and popped it in the stove. A 
sanctimonious little procession of 
girls who had followed to see the 
deserved fiery end breathed a sigh of 
relief that it was off our playground! 

Having a college of several 
hundred young men meant that they 
quite often provided our entertain- 
ments. The Emory glee club gave 
concerts throughout the year, even 
rumbling off in a big two-horse 
wagon to perform in nearby country 
towns. (A far cry from days to come, 
when the glee club from Emory in 
Atlanta would travel by jet to Euro- 
pean and South American capitals 

Continued on Page 12 

110 WINTER 1986 

Before the Coca-Cola millions 
moved Emory University to Atlanta, 
Polly Stone Buck's family moved to 
the city in 1912, where she attended 
Atlanta Girls High School. 

Her father's family helped to found 
Emory College at Oxford, where he 
was a faculty member. After his early 
death, her mother eked out a living 
as a seamstress and rented rooms to 
boarders in Oxford — the time Mrs. 
Buck recalls in The Blessed Town. 

Polly Stone graduated from Agnes 
Scott in 1924. "Between sophomore 
and junior years our money gave out, 
so I had to leave school," she says. "I 
worked at the telephone company in 
Atlanta and ate brown-bag lunches 
for a year until the family got strong 
enough for me to come back and 

"This is why, although 1 am listed 
as '24, I really feel closer to the 'girls' 
in '23 and have unblushingly re- 

unioned with both classes," she 

An English major in college, Mrs. 
Buck contends,"! was terrible in 
athletics, and not much better schol- 
astically, I'm afraid, but I loved the 
extracurricular things." She edited 
the Silhouette her senior year and was 
a member of Blackfriars. 

"1 wrote several rather goopy stories 
for the Aurora, and sentimental 
poems about goldenrod and Califor- 
nia. One that they turned down 
horrified the Poetry Society — the 
last line being 'How can I tell them I 
am mad?' " 

Frustrated poetry attempts aside, 
after graduation Mrs. Buck worked as 
a secretary at the College's Alumnae 
House for four years, eventually mi- 
grating north on the encouragement 
of friends Margaret Bland Sewell '20 
and Roberta Winter '27, who were 
both studying at Yale. 

Upon her arrival, she says, "I 

typed papers for Yale students and 
eventually got a job in the University 
library on the strength of not having 
been to library school!" 

She married faculty member 
Norman S. Buck in 1934, five years 
after her arrival at Yale. They had 
three daughters. For 17 years he was 
master at one of Yale's residential 

After her husband's death in 1964, 
Mrs. Buck started uTiting. The Blessed 
Town is her third book. Her first. 
Adopted Son of Salem recounts the 
19th-centur\' adventures of her hus- 
band's grandfather, who was a naval 
captain, as well as a coffee planter 
and U.S. consul in Fernando Po 
(now Bioko), an island off Equatorial 
Guinea. We Minded the Store tells of 
Yale University's World War 11 con- 
version into a naval and marine base. 

The 85 -year-old author now lives 
in Hamden, Conn. , where she con- 
tinues to write. 


for its concerts. ) The college had 
two literary societies, Few and Phi 
Gamma, passionate rivals, which 
often put on a lively debate about 
questions of the day, or presented an 
evening of orations to which all Ox- 
ford and Covington flocked. 

The town's young people and the 
college students frequently had eve- 
ning parties. If the occasion was 
specified as "formal," the students 
wore their Sunday blue serge suits; if 
it was a "tacky party," everybody 
looked around for the worst old, 
disreputable garments they could lay 
their hands on, trying to look like 
tramps, and perhaps joyously letting 
down the bars on proper behavior. 
But at all parties, even candy puU- 
ings — and the young folks had these, 
too — there were always plenty of 
keen-eyed chaperons. Besides going 
on picnics at the Waterfall and the 
Rock, students sallied out into the 
countryside on hayrides. Driving 
around on rutted country roads in a 
springless farm wagon may not sound 
like much fun, but under a full moon, 
with hay cushioning the ride and all 
the prettiest faculty daughters tucked 
in, a jaunt of this sort could provide 
a very enjoyable evening. 

In a college town, of course, com- 
mencement week was the social high 
point of the year, to which every- 
thing led. There were goings-on in 
every home. Chickens fled for their 
lives, but were remorselessly trans- 
formed into pulley-bones and 
drumsticks. The handles of ice- 
cream freezers were turned all day 
long on back porches. There was 
icing of cakes and whipping up of 
elegant desserts. 

Oxford had no hotel. Commence- 
ment week was the only time when 
we were flooded with guests, and we 
felt about it the way Robert Toombs 
did when a hotel was suggested for 
his hometown of Washington, Geor- 
gia: "There is no need. If a stranger is 
a gentleman, he can stay at my 
house, and if he isn't a gentleman, 

The whole town brought 

a picnic supper down 

to the deserted college 

grounds and had 

a mammoth party. 

then we don't want him in town!" 

So, in lieu of a hotel, every Oxford 
house was gaily crowded to capacity 
with out-of-town guests — parents of 
students, nostalgic alumni, trustees, 
dignitaries of church and state who 
were the "speakers," and pretty sisters 
and sweethearts in long swirling 
skirts and lacy, flower-trimmed hats, 
carrying ruffled pink parasols. For an 
entire week no child slept in a bed; 
several quilts folded together made a 
pallet on the floor, and we were only 
too proud to give up our beds for 
important company. 

Commencement was a kind of 
social, intellectual, and religious 
Chautauqua. There were sermons 
every day by noted preachers, long 
programs of orations by the best 
speakers in each class, and con- 
ducted tours of the library-museum 
and science laboratory (which had a 
skeleton on display). There were also 
athletic events to watch, both out- 
doors and in. A relay race had pant- 
ing runners "passing on the message"; 
on the gym floor, boys — wearing 
what looked to me like their summer 
underwear — marched around in 
intricate formations, swung from 
one end of the building to the other 
on traveling rings, and leaped up on 
each others shoulders and formed 
human pyramids to a breathtaking 

Evening was the time for the glee 
club to shine, and for parties given 

by the various Greek letter frater- 
nities, which outdid themselves to 
entertain the visiting belles. The 
culmination of these was the Pan- 
Hellenic reception. With no dancing 
allowed, these evening affairs were 
formal receptions and prom parties, 
largely conversation, with couples 
walking up and down and with a 
constant change of partners. Girls 
had little fancy prom cards with 
tasseled pencils swinging from them, 
and each young man saw to it that 
the young lady he escorted had a 
partner for each promenade. At the 
tinkling of a little silver bell, a new 
partner would present himself. Inside 
the house, crowded with people and 
brightly lit by dozens of candelabra, 
behavior must be decorous, but when 
the promenaders strolled along the 
dim walks and driveways of the yard, 
there was opportunity for less proper 
and more satisfactory flirting. The 
grounds v/ere illumined for the occa- 
sion by Chinese paper lanterns; the 
house chosen in which to give the 
party usually had twisting walks and 
driveways on which to pace, and 
garden benches and little latticed 
summer houses. 

At each end of the long veranda 
would be a cut-glass punch bowl 
brimming with a non-alcoholic 
punch, whose chief ingredient was 
strong tea. Each fraternity had a list 
of little girls from the town, faculty 
daughters or younger sisters of mem- 
bers, who served at the punch bowls, 
wearing their best white dresses, 
with a pale blue or pink sash and a 
whopping matching hair-ribbon bow 
on top of their heads, large enough 
to lift a girl right off the floor. No 
sixteen- or eighteen-year-old visiting 
belle went through more thrills and 
chills over the correctness of her 
costume for these evenings than did 
the little ten-year-old servers of 
punch. At the end of the evening, 
there was always ice cream and cake. 

After commencement, the college 
boys went home, and at first the 

112 WINTER 1986 

town seemed empty and forlorn. But 
many things tilled the long summer 
vacation. The year I was eleven, the 
minister's daughter and I (she was 
that indispensable thing in a little 
girl's life, my "best friend") filled it 
by reading through the entire Bible. 
The way we happened to get involved 
in this enormous undertaking was 
that our Sunday School teacher 
offered a crocheted purse (very 
stylish just then — the directions had 
been printed in the Ladies' Home 
]ourruil) to any girl who would read 
the Bible all the way through. 
Neither Mary nor I had ever had a 
purse of any sort, having nothing to 
put in one, but some day we should, 
and this was a chance to get it free. 
And since it wasn't a tense competi- 
tion, with only the first one through 
a winner, and since the long summer 
stretched ahead with nothing else to 
do, we decided to try. We did most of 
the reading, chapter after chapter, 
sitting in Mary's family's buggy in 
their side yard, its shafts on the 
ground. At first the unfamiliar Mid- 
dle Eastern names seemed an insur- 
mountable hurdle, until I had the 
brilliant idea of skipping all the words 
that began with a capital, unless it 
was an easy one we already knew, 
like Cain or Moses. (Mary always 
insisted that she thought of it; well, 
it doesn't matter which of us did. ) It 
saved ever so much time, but even at 
that, it took us a whole summer. 

The summers were visiting time 
for children. Td provide a change 
and a treat, most of them would be 
sent off on the train to stay with 
relatives in another town. Tvo weeks 
was the regular length of such a visit. 
But when the nieces and nephews 
and grandchildren of Emory faculty, 
sent by parents to benefit from our 
good water and pure air, came to 
visit in Oxford, they stayed all sum- 
mer. A number of them came every 
year, and both they and we felt that 
they were almost as much Oxford 
children as we were. 

The only Christmas tree 

in town was a stout pine 

put up in the Old Church 

for the Sunday School. 

Summer was also the time for 
picnics and tor watermelon cutting 
on the joggling boards in the yard. 
When the moon was full, the whole 
town brought a picnic supper down 
to the deserted college grounds and 
had a mammoth party, with the 
children shrieking and tearing 
around in the moonlight and playing 
games on the campus, where ordi- 
narily we were forbidden to go. 

Each summer there was the annual 
Sunday school picnic, when we piled 
in wagons and drove a long way off, 
not just to the Rock or the Waterfall 
but perhaps even to the banks of the 
Yellow River. Parents went along— at 
least mothers did, and a few fathers 
were there to drive. Great hampers 
of food were carried — stuffed eggs, 
cheese straws, fried chicken, ginger- 
bread, sliced ham and beaten bis- 
cuits, layer cake, tea cakes . . . We 
stuffed ourselves, went wading, and 
played games — kissing games, too, 
like "many, many stars," since there 
were boys along. 

In late summer came cotton-picking 
parties. Cotton picking was con- 
sidered Negroes' work, and the races 
did not trespass on each other's labor 
preserves. No matter how hard up an 
Oxford white person might be, he 
simply did not go into a cotton field 
as a "hand. " The only time one could 
pick cotton was with a group, as a 
lark, and to give the money raised to 
some good cause. During all the time 

when we needed money so badly, it 
never occurred to Mother or either 
of the boys, or to anybody else, to 
suggest that they could make a little 
money by picking cotton. It wouldn't 
have been much, but something. 
Even when the soles ot our shoes 
were worn through — and they could 
have made forty cents for every 
hundred pounds picked in fields 
within walking distance — it simply 
never entered anyone's head. But 
every tall, when the cotton fields 
were white, a Sunday school class or 
the children's missionary society en 
masse, carrying big cloth sacks, 
would bet together and rumble out 
to a field in the country in some- 
body's father's wagon — the regular 
mode of mass transportation before 
buses. There we would divide into 
teams and spend the afternoon each 
trying to beat the others in number 
ot pounds picked. It was hard, hot 
work, but fun. Then back to ice 
cream and cake at somebody's house, 
and on the next Sunday the number 
of pounds picked and the names of 
the winning team would be an- 
nounced to the whole Sunday 
school, when a check for the amount 
earned was made out for a mission 
school in China, or whatever the 
chosen charity happened to be. And 
the little Oxford pickers, some 
barefooted of necessity, and some 
wearing cut-out cardboard soles to 
block the holes in their worn-out 
shoes, beamed with pure delight, 
and never once thought that it might 
have been more sensible to have let 
the charity begin at home and outfit- 
ted us with decent footgear, since 
cold weather and school were just 
around the corner. 

Except for commencement, fall 
was the most exciting time ot the 
year in the village. The hot, dusty 
summer had come to an end. The 
city children who always came to 
spend the vacation with relatives 
here had been bade goodbye until 
next year, and put on the train for 


home. The sweet gum trees were 
purple and red, the tulip poplars and 
hickories a soft yellow, and the giant 
oaks a dignified bronze. The days 
were crisp and sparkling with the 
herbal fragrance of goldenrod and 
ripening broom sedge everywhere, 
and with each arriving mulecar and 
Its load ot new college students, the 

haunting, long-held notes of the cry 
"New bo'Oy!" from the throats ot the 
old ones floated through the air. 

Not only the college, but Palmer 
Institute too was flexing its younger 
muscles for the term coming up. 
There might be a new teacher to take 
the measure of; hems of school 
dresses had been let out (and horrors, 
a line there often showed it, too); 

boys with pocketknives were under 
requisition to whittle points on new 
pencils; and at Johnson's store there 
were lovely new varnished pencil 
boxes, with roses painted on a sliding 
lid, which tore your heart out. 

The new college year was begin- 
ning, and all Oxford was "up and at 
em" with renewed vim. The town's 

114 WINTER 1986 

houses were turned upside down tor 
the fall cleaning, which put spring 
cleaning completely in the shade. 

Mattresses and pillows had already 
been dragged out on a sunny porch, 
or lacking such, all the way into the 
yard, and given a thorough airing. A 
stiff feather dipped in turpentine was 
run along each mattress seam "just as 
a preventative." A needed lick of 
paint was put on here and there, and 
fresh putty pressed around window 
panes to keep out drafts and rattles. 
Everybody was getting ready for the 

Cold weather brought no ice and 
snow, so there were no so-called 
winter sports, but now was the time 
for fun indoors, such as candy pulls, 
when a pot of molasses taffy was 
boiled on the stove at the school or 
in someone's kitchen. 

In the week before Christmas, the 
same Sunday school class that had 
picked cotton tor the heathen in 
September bundled up and, sitting 
close to keep warm in a nest of hay in 
a wagon body, made a nippy, nose- 
freezing trip out into the country to 
take collected food — jars ot their 
mothers' canned vegetables or pre- 
serves—to "poor folks." (We did not 
realize that uv were "poor folks.") 

As tor Christmas itself, a boy in 
the family climbed an oak tree and 
hacked off a bunch of mistletoe to 
hand in a doorway to "catch" people 
under. We cut sprays from the holly 
and other evergreen shrubs in our 
yards to take to the cemetery and to 
decorate the house. On Christmas 
Eve we also celebrated with fire- 
works, just as on the Fourth of July. 
We thought setting off firecrackers 
(bang! bang! Christ is born! bang!) 
was quite the proper way to usher in 
the blessed day. The louder the bangs 
in the daytime, and the more we lit 
up the sky at night with sparklers 
and roman candles, the better. An 
evening of fireworks made a glorious 
celebration because with no street- 
lights there was pitch-blackness for a 

Polly StoJie Buck 

background. 1 was afraid of all ot 
them, except sparklers and the very 
small "squib" firecrackers that came 
in a batch ot about a hundred, with 
their tiny wicks woven together. 1 
would unravel these, and set oft only 
one at a time, and then be frantic 
after I had applied the match, tor fear 
that I couldn't throw it before it 
exploded in my hand. 

The boys would boldly light the 
whole mass of firecrackers together, 
toss the batch in the air, and enjoy a 
peppering ot pops. They also had big 
giant ones that made as much noise 
as a small cannon — in fact, they 
were called "cannon crackers." 

Each year the newspapes carried 
stories of children in other places 
who were maimed by fireworks, but 
since nothing so violent happened in 
Oxford, we went right on with our 
noisy celebration. 

On Christmas Eve Mother read us 
the story from St. Luke, and also the 
hilarious chapters about the little 
Ruggleses in The Birds Christmas 
Carol by Kate Douglas Wiggin. The 
next morning there were stockings 
with a coin in the toe. Some children 
had gold pieces; for us it was always a 
shiny dime, and one year, an espe- 
cially hard one tor Mother, just a 
gleaming Indian head penny. The 

long stocking-legs were filled with 
goodies from the box that two of 
Father's old friends in Macon faith- 
fully sent each Christmas. There 
were apples, scratchy raisin clusters 
full of seeds, all sorts of nuts seen 
nowhere else all year — almonds, 
Brazil nuts, English walnuts — and 
those wonderful treats, oranges! The 
box always had a bag of "bucket 
candy" for us children and a box of 
lovely chocolates for Mother. Each 
ot us had a present for the others, 
usually things we had made ourselves 
and kept in the greatest secrecy, and 
there were always the Octagon soap 
wrappers to fall back on. 

The only Christmas tree in town 
was a stout pine put up in the Old 
Church for the Sunday school. In 
the big bare building, lit by real can- 
dles, it was a beautiful sight. It was 
just as well that there weren't trees in 
private homes, or there would be 
fewer ot these houses left, for the 
little tin holders, clipped on the 
branch ends, and swaying and tip- 
ping, always held the lighted candles 
at every possible dangerous angle. 
Buckets ot water were lined up 
against the wall, just in case, and 
men and boys stood by ready to use 
them. Happily they never had to. 

Everybody in town came. A 
woman played the piano, and we 
sang Christmas hymns and the old 
carols. The minister read again the 
passages from the New Testament 
telling the Christmas story — the 
shepherds, the wise men, the stable, 
the star. We knew them by heart 
from previous years, but liked to hear 
them again. 

Then families lighted their 
kerosene lanterns and walked home 
together along the dark, unpaved 

Excerpted from The Blessed Town: 
Oxford, Georgia, at the Turn of the 
Century. Published by Algonquin 
Books of Chapel Hill, P.O. Box 
2225, Chapel Hill, N.C., 27515- 


On Your Mark, 

Get Set 

Go Back To College 

The literature proclaims, "Make 
the Rest of Your Lite the Best of 
Your Life." An ad in Atlanta 
magazine begins, "On Your Mark, 
Get Set, Go . . . Back to College." 
Traditionally, tall is the time when 
college admission offices start haunt- 
ing the halls of high schools and 
secondary schools in recruiting. But 
the women enrolled in Agnes Scott 
College's Return to College Program 
are anything but traditional students. 
They are women whose education 
has been interrupted or postponed. 
Women whose ages range from 22 to 
65. Women who are eager to learn, 
ready for a challenge, and scared to 

Return to College students have 
the same opportunities and require- 
ments for study as traditional stu- 
dents. However, they enter Agnes 
Scott as unclassified, or nondegree, 
students and take up to 24 semester 
hours before entering the degree 
program. This allows them to estab- 
lish a successful academic record and 
decide if the program is right for 
them. Unlike traditional students, 
they have as much time as needed to 
complete degree requirements. 

There is such a thing as the typical 
Return to College student. She is 
38-years-old; married to a profes- 
sional; has two children, ages 12 and 

Barbara Dudley '86 

By Linda Florence '88 

14; lives in suburban Dekalb County; 
works part time. She has returned to 
school after an 18-year absence from 
the classroom and attends Agnes 
Scott part time. 

This profile, as useful as it is to 
gain an overall picture, overlooks the 
rich diversity of the Return to Col- 
lege population. 

Most readily admit that their first 
semester is often the most challeng- 
ing. It requires many adjustments — 
balancing school with home and 
work-life, relearning study habits, 
and coping with stress added to al- 
ready busy lives. 

Said Director of the Return to 
College program, Marilynn Mallory, 
"Although their ages may initially set 
them apart on campus, they are the 
kind of women who have always 

distinguished Agnes Scott — bright, 
capable and eager to make a con- 
tribution to the society in which they 

Susan Little was 28 years old when 
she enrolled as an RTC (as they are 
known around the campus these 
days). Her boys were 6 and 8. She 
had no idea what a liberal arts educa- 
tion meant. She knew she wanted to 
major in psychology, and the campus 
was convenient. 

Little never left. Today she is 
Agnes Scott's director of financial 
aid. With her degree in psychology 
and a background in accounting, she 
combines her life experiences with a 
college degree, "helping other 
women have the experience I had. 

"The community at Agnes Scott 
expects you to try new things. They 
are there to cheer when you succeed, 
and catch you when you fall. And 
you do plenty of both," says Little. 
"The friends I made as a student are 
unique . We can disagree with one 
another's viewpoints. We argue our 
points in an honest, forthright man- 
ner. Then when we come out on the 
other side, we still respect each 
other. We are free to present our- 
selves as who we are; and that is so 

As for "fitting in" with 18-to-21- 
year-cild students, she says, "I can 
remember many times I spent the 
night in a dorm before a test. We 

116 WINTER 1986 



This year our renewal continued to gain momentum as 
we moved toward our Centennial Celebration. 

The Admissions Office had a strong year, helped in 
part by an award-winning series of admissions materials 
and a dynamic recruitment plan aimed at improving all 
phases of admissions activity. As a result, senior inquiries 
rose 8 percent this year, applications 5 percent and fresh- 
man deposits were up 16 percent. One hundred and 
forty-four students enrolled in the Class of 1990. 

A formal assessment of student attitudes conducted 
during the year showed student satisfaction at Agnes 
Scott surpassed that of students at other private and 
public colleges in almost all areas covered by the study. 

During the year the College further enhanced the quality of life on campus as 
it undertook a $3.6 million renovation of Agnes and Rebekah Scott Halls. Forty-five 
years after its scheduled removal, "The Hub" was taken down, and landscaping 
plans are being developed for the George and Irene King Woodruff Quadrangle. 

A new track and field completed phase one of plans which include construction 
of the new physical activities building by fall 1987. The old gymnasium will be 
renovated and, with the former infirmary, converted into the Wallace McPherson 
Alston Campus Center. 

For the fourth consecutive year, the investment performance of Agnes Scott's en- 
dowment ranked in the highest percentile of all college and university endowments. 
It has been a full and rewarding year for Agnes Scott, and we are grateful. We 
look forward with you to watching the College continue to fulfill its promise as 
we anticipate our second century. 

President Ruth A. Schmidt 





Parents and Friends 

Business and Industry 



$ 3,670,501 




$ 4,108,584 



June 30, 1986 



Restricted and 

Restricted and 




Educational and General: 

Student fees 

$ 3,401,455 

$ 3,337,770 

Gifts and grants 



Endowment income 



Sponsored programs 



Other sources 



Total Educational 

and General 

$ 8,978,605 

$ 8,296,843 

Auxiliary Enterprises 

$ 1,577,936 

$ 1,668,983 

Total Revenues 


$ 9,965,826 


Educational and General: 


$ 2,442,157 

$ 2,393,617 

Sponsored programs 



Academic support 



Student services 



Institutional support 



Operation and 

maintenance ot plant 



Student financial aid 



Total Educational 

and General 

$ 7,707,182 

$ 7,212,587 

Auxiliary Enterprises 

$ 1,615,184 

$ 1,552,975 

Expended for plant 




Total Expenditures 

$ 9,743,508 

$ 9,128,639 


Salary, Fringes and Other 



Bond Sinking Fund 



Excess of revenues 

over expenditures 

$ 813,033 



(Individuals who gave $5,000 or more) 

' ' Annie Shannon Wiley Preston Inst. 
•* Mary West Thatcher '15 

Virginia McBee Haugh Franklin '18 
•* Lois Eve Ro:ier '19 
** Julia Ingram Ha::ard '19 
•* Lois Compton Jennings '21 
** Laurie Belle Stubhs Johns 72 

Viola Holhs Oakley '23 
*• KateHiggsVaughan'24 
*' Margaret Stovair26 

Margaret Edmondson Noonan '27 

Anonymous '28 

Ruth Thomas Stemmons '28 

Polly B. Hall Dunn '30 

Julia Thompson Smith '31 

Margaret G. Weeks '31 

Susan Love Glenn '32 

Diana Dyer Wilson '32 

Letitia Rockmore Nash '33 

Anonymous '36 
** Catherine Wood LeSourd '36 

Virginia Milner Carter '40 
** Mary Olive Thomas '42 

Swanna Elizabeth Henderson 
Cameron '43 

Mary Duckworth Gellerstedt '46 

Dorothy Peace Ramsaur '47 

Betty Jean Brown Ray '48 

Catherine Warren Dukehart '51 

Joie Sawyer Delatield '58 

Suranne Goodman Elson '59 

Gayle Sibley Daley Nix '72 

Sandra Leigh Thome Johnson '82 


Mr. Daniel David Cameron 

Mr. J. Dennis Delatield 

Mr, Edward E. Elson 

Mrs. Paul L. Gather 

Dr. Paul L. Garber 

Mr. L. L. Gellerstedt Jr. 

Mrs. Pearl Gellerstedt 
** Mr. L. B, Ha::ard 

Mr. Jamesjackson 

Mr. William B. Johnson 

Mr. Leonard E. LeSourd 

Mr. Franklin Nash 

Mr. Franklin R. Nix 

Mr. &i Mrs. C. C. Prevost 

Mr. Hal L.Smith 
** Estate of Anna B. Wood 

Mr. George W. Woodruff 


(Individuals who gave $1,000 to 

Julia Pratt Smith Slack '12 
Lucy Durr Dunn '19 
Lulu Smith Westcott '19 
Myrtle C Blackmon '21 
Ida Louise Brittain Patterson '21 
Marjorie Busha Haley '21 
Cama Burgess Clarkson '22 
Quenelle Harrold Sheffield '23 
Jane Marcia Knight Lowe '23 
Mary Frances Gilliland Stukes '24 
Mary Keesler Dalton '25 
Sarah TateTumlin '25 
Mary Ben Wright Erwin '25 
Juanita Greer White '26 
Florence Elirabeth Perkins Ferry '26 
Caroline McKinney Clarke '2 7 
Mary Louise Woodard Clifton '27 
Patricia H. Collins Dwinnell '28 
Mary Elizabeth Shewmaker'28 
Hazel Brown Ricks '29 
Ethel Freeland Darden '29 
Isabelle Leonard Spearman '29 
Mary Warren Read '29 
Raemond Wilson Craig '30 
Fanny Willis Niles Bolton '31 
M. Varnelle Braddy Perryman '32 
S. Lovelyn Wilson Heyward '32 

Katharine Woltz Farinholt '33 

Margaret Hippee Lehmann '34 


Hyta Plowden Mederer '34 

Virginia F. Prettyman '34 

Betty Lou Houck Smith '35 

Mary Zachry Thompson '35 

Lucie Hess Gienger '36 

Carrie Phinney Latimer Duval! '36 

Lucile Dennison Keenan '37 

Fannie B. Harris Jones '37 

Ruth Hunt Little '37 

Gladys Sue Rogers Brown '38 

Zoe Weils Lambert '38 

Louise Young Garrett '38 

Martha Marshall Dykes '39 

Bene Sams Daniel '39 

Hayden Sanford Sams '39 

Helen Gates Carson '40 

Mary Lang Gill Olson '40 

Ruth Slack Roach '40 

Louise Claire Franklin 

Livingston '41 
Florrie Margaret Guy Funk '41 
.Aileen Kasper Borrish '41 
Julia Elizabeth McConnell Park '41 
Mary Madison Wisdom '41 
Margaret Sheftall Chester '42 
Dorothy Holloran .Addison '43 
Dorothy Nash Daniel '43 
Betty Scort Noble '44 
Margaret Clisby Powell Flowers '44 
J. Scott Newell Newton '45 
Mary Neely Norris King '45 
Louise Isaacson Bernard '46 
Anna George Dobbins '47 
Ellen Van Dyke Rosenblatt 

Caswell '47 
L. Elizabeth Walton Callaway '47 
Marybeth Little Weston '48 
Katherine A. Ceffcken '49 
Mary Elizabeth Hays Babcock '49 
Joan Cotty White Howell '51 
Patricia Cortelyou Winship '52 
Jackie Simmons Gow '52 
Mary Frances Martin Rolader '52 
MargarettaW. Lumpkin Shaw "52 
Sylvia Williams Ingram '52 
Margaret Hooker Hartwein '53 
Louise McKinney Hill Reaves '54 
Anne R. Patterson Hammes '54 
Anne Craig Sylvester Booth '54 
Helen Jo Hinchey Williams '55 
Evelyn Mason Newberry '55 
Sarah Katheryne Petty 

Dagenhart '55 
Anne Rosselot Clayton '55 
Sarah E Hall Hayes '56 
May Muse Stonecypher '56 
Nancy White Thomas Hill '56 
Lillian W Alexander Balentine '57 
Suzella Burns Newsome '57 
Nancy Wheeler Dooley '57 
Susan Hogg Griffith '58 
Nancy Holland Sibley '58 
Dale Fowler Dick Halton '59 
Jean Salter Reeves '59 
Phyllis Cox Whiteseil '60 
Emily Frances Bailey '61 
Betsy Jefferson Boyt '62 
Frances Bailey Graves '63 
Lucia Howard Sizemore '65 
Irma Gail Savage Glover '66 
Ellen Wood Hall '67 
Susan Stringer Connell '68 
Martha Jane Wilson Kessler '69 
Gayle Gellerstedt Daniel '71 
Susan Elkin Morton '71 
Sally Tyre Stenger '75 
E. Pedrick Stall Lowrey '7t^ 
Elizabeth E. Abreu '84 
Mr. Peter M. Abreu 
Mr. Thomas E. Addison Jr. 
Mr. M. Bernard Aidinort 
Mr. Charles 1. Babcock Jr. 
Mr. Robert M. Balentine 
Mr* Brantley Barr 
Mr. Maurice I. Bernard 


Mr. Herhcrt A. Bolronjr. 

Mr. DiividA. Booth 

Mr, Patrick E. Boyt 

Mr. I.e. Brown 

Mr. Howard H- Caliaway 

Mr. George M. Chester 
*• Mr. Francis 0. Clarkson 

Douglas M. Connell 

Mr. Larry J. Dayenhart 

Mr. Harry L. Dalron 

Mr. James C. Dalton 

Captain J. Wallace Daniel Jr. 

Mr. James F. Daniel III 

Frances Davis 

Mr. Robert Thomas Dooley Jr. 

Mr. Charles L. Douylasjr. 

Mr. Langdon S. Flowers 

Julia T Gary 

Mr. Marion B. Gloverjr. 

Mr. Edward P. Gould 

Mr. WiUiamF. Gowjr. 

Mr, Wilham M. Graves 

Mr. Alt'red D. Hammes 

Robert Hild 

Mr. George W. Howell Jr. 

Mr. G. Conley Ingram 

Judith Bourgeois Jensen 

Mr. Paul Keenan 

Mr. Richard C. Kessler 

Mr. & Mrs. Thomas P. Knox Jr. 

Mr. George S. Lambert 

Mrs. Kent A. Leslie 

Prot. Robert N.Leslie 

Mr. Harry W. Livingston Jr. 

Mr. Zachary F. Long 

Mr. J- Erskine Love Jr. 

Mr. & Mrs. Fred S. McGehee 
^'^ Dr. W. Edward McNair 

Dr. lames D, Newsome 

Dr. j. Phillips Noble 

Mr. Edwards. Olson 

Mr. John R. Park 

Mar\in B. Perry Jr. 

Colonel William M. Perryman 

Mt. Joel F. Reeves 

Mrs. David R. Rice 

Mr. Hanslord Sams Jr. 

President Ruth A. Schmidt 

Mr. J. C. Shaw 

S. Ray Shead 

Mr. Frank Sheffield 

Mr.W. A. L. Sibleyjr. 

Mr. Thomas A. Si:emore III 

Mr. JohnE. Smith II 

Mr. Theodore H. Smith 

Mrs, Carolyn B. Snow 

Mrs. Romeal Theriot 

Dr. Albert C. Titus 

Mr. John H- Weitnauerjr. 


(Individuals who g.ive $500 to $999) 

** AnnieTair jenkins'H 
Jane Harwell Hea:el '17 
Julia Loriette Hagood 

Cuthbertson '20 
Maud Foster Stebler 73 
.■\nonymuus '24 

Sarah Eiirabeth Flowers Beasley '24 
Victoria Howie Kerr '24 
Margaret Frances Rogers Law '25 
EliiahethJ. Chapman Pirkle '26 
Edith Gilchrist Berry '26 
Martha Elizabeth Henderson 
Palmer '27 

*♦ Mary Clinch Weems Rogers '27 
Violet Weeks Miller '29 
Jane Bailey Hall Hefner '30 
Edna Lvnn Moore Hardy '30 
.■^nneChapin Hudson Hankins'31 
Mary Effie Elliot '32 
M. Gilchrist Powell Shirley '33 
Pauline Gordon Woods '34 
Lucy Goss Herbert '34 
Elinor Hamilton Highrower '34 
Martha Skeen Gould '34 

Elizabeth Call Alexander 

Berty G. Fountain Edwards '55 



n Rutland '35 



Helen Handte Morse '36 

Sarah Frances McDonald '3(> 

Evelvn Robertson Jarman '36 

Louise Brown Smith '37 

Annie Laura Galloway Phillips '37 

Lillian Whitehurst Corbett '37 

Frances Wilson Hurst '37 

Goudyloch Erwin Dyer '38 

Jane Moore Hamilton Ray '39 

Elizabeth Davisjohnston '40 

Ethelyn L"'yar Daniel '41 

Anonymous '41 

Anonymous '41 

Gene Slack Morse '41 

Frances Sprarlin Hargrett '41 

Julia A. Patch Diohl '42 

Helen Virginia Smith Woodward "43 

Katherine Wilkinson Orr '43 

Bettie Manning Ott '45 

Marianne Jeffries Williams '47 

Betty Jean Radtord Moeller '47 

Rebekah Scott Bryan '4S 

Mane Cuthbertson Faulkner '49 

Betty Jeanne Ellison Candler '49 

Kate Durr Elmore '49 

Dorothy Quillian Reeves '49 

Jo- Anne Christopher Cochrane '50 

Sara Beth Jackson Hertwig '51 

Sarah Emma Evans Blair '52 

Ann Herman Dunwody '52 

Jean isbell Brunie '52 

Sara Veaie Daniel '52 

Virginia Claire Hays Klettner '53 

Martha Virginia Norton Ca!dweir5 3 

Mary Ripley Warren '53 

Harriet Durham Maloof '54 

Helen H. McGowan French ' 

Llewellyn Wommack '54 

Patricia Paden Matsen '55 

Joan Pruitt Mclntyre '55 

Shirley Anne Calkins Elli^ 

Sallie L. Greenfield '56 

Harriett Griffin Harris "56 

Carolyn Tinkler Ramsey '58 

Martha W Holmes Keith '59 

Carolyn Anne Davies Preische '60 

Rebecca Lynn Evans Callahan '60 

AnneWhisnant Bolch'60 

Elizabeth Barber Cobb '61 

Mary Jim Clark Schubert '61 

Edna McLain Bacon '61 

Mary Jane Moore '61 

N. Caroline Askew Hughes '62 

Elizabeth A Harshbarger Broadus '62 

Dorothy Laird Foster '63 

Harriet M. King '64 

Margaret Lee Brawner Perez '65 

Barbara Ann Smith Bradley '65 

Harriet Biscoe Rodgers '66 

Barbara J Brown Freeman '66 

May Day Folk Taylor '66 

Anne Diseker Beebe '67 

June Elizabeth Derrick Derrick '68 

Ethel Ware Gilbert Carter '68 

Margaret Louise Frank Guill "69 

Mary Carolyn Cox '71 

.Ann Appleby jarrett Smith '71 

Jan Elizabeth RoushPyles '71 

Sharon Lucille Jones Cole '72 

Nancy Donna Burnham '77 

Linda Frances Shearon '77 

Dianne Smith Dornbush '87 

Mr. & Mrs. Bona Allen m 

Mr. Stephen A. Bacon 

Mr. M. J. Beebe 

Mr. Thomas H. Broadusjr. 

Dr. &Mrs.JohnH. Bursonlll 

Mr. Howard E. Caldwell 

Mr. Scott Candlerjr. 

Mr. Belfield H.Carter jr. 

Mr. & Mrs. Claiborne R. Carrer 

Mrs. Virginia C. Clark 

Mr. Tommy H. Cobb 

Mr. Madison F. Cole Jr. 


July 1, 1985 through June 30, 1986 






Anna Meade Minnigerode 


FrancesGilliland Stukes 


Sarah Tate Tumlin 


Eli:ahethJ. Chapman Pirkle 


Louise Lovejoy Jackson 


S. Virginia Carrier 

Miriam L. Anderson Dowdy 


Violet Weeks Miller 



Sara L. Bullock 


Virginia M. Allen Woods 





Laura L. Whitner Dorsey 


Sara Frances Estes 




Goudyloch Erwin Dyer 


Julia Porter Scurry 


Helen Gates Carson 


Florrie Margaret Guy Funk 


Claire 1. Purcell Smith 


Anne Paisley Boyd 


Bettye Ashcraft Senter 


Emily Higgins Bradley 


Mary F McConkey Reimer 


Anne Eidson Owen 


Rebekah Scott Bryan 


Martha Reed Warlick Brame 


Pat Overton Webb 


Nancy Cassin Smith 


Ann BoyerWilkerson 


Anne Thomson Sheppard 


Eleanor Hutchinson Smith 

Louise McKinney Hill Reaves 


Sarah Katheryne Petty Dagenhart 


B. Louise Rainey Ammons 


MarthaJaneRiggins Brown 


Carolyn Tinkler Ramsey 


Patricia Forrest Davis 


Carolyn Hoskins Coffman 


Nancy Hall Grimes 


Ellen Middlebrooks Granum 


Mary Ann Lusk Jorgenson 


Mary Lou Laird 




Susan Wiley Ledford Rust 


Mary Elizabeth Johnson Mallory 


Christie Theriot Woodfin 

Jean Binkley Thrower 


Janice S. Cribbs 


Kay Parkerson O'Briant 


Sarah Ruffing Robbins 


Sharon Lucille Jones Cole 


Marcia Krape Knight-Orr 


Nancy Maurine Yates-Liistro 


Debbie Diane Shepherd Autrey 


Lucille Burch Shelton 


Mary Anne Barlow 


Marguerite Anne Booth Gray 


Virginia Lee McMurray 


DehbieJeanBoelter Bonner 


Laura Klertner Bynum 


E. Meredith Manning 


Kathryn Hart 


Betsy L. Benning 


Kaisa H. Bowman 


















1 1 ,870.00 
















































































































































































Mr. (k Mrs. T. Allen Crouch 
Mr. .When Daniel 
Mr. Rohert E. Dornbush 
Mr, Robert C. Dyer 
Mr. H. Quintin Foster 
Mr. James R. Freeman 
Mr, Ted R, French 
Mrs. N, Howard Cowing Jr. 
Dr. Marshall .^. GuiU 
Mr. Porter Hardy Jr. 
Mr. H. H. Hargrctt 
Mr. George W. Harrisjr. 
JaneTirus&C. A. Hessler 
Mr. W. H. Hightowerjr. 
Mr. RiifusR. Hughes il 
Mr. Ernest B. Johnston jr. 
Mr. Smith L. Johnston 
Mr. Garnett L. Keith 
Mr. Donald R. Keough 
Mr. S, John Kiettner 
Mrs. Elsie W. Love 
Dr. John A. Maloofjr. 
Dr. Chester W.Morse 
Mr. John H. Morse 
Mr. M. Lamar Oglesby 
Dr. Mark T. Orr 
Mr. William A. Ott 
Dr. RodoltoN. Pere:Jr, 
Barbara Ann Reuter 
Mr. C. Oscar Schmidr Jr. 
Mr. Horace H. Sibley 
Dr. AdolphM. Srebler 
Mr. Thomas E. Stonecypher 
Craig A. Vedvik 
RuthA. Vedvik 
Mr. William C.Warren 111 
Mr. Michael Wasserman 
Mr. Stephen K. West 
Mrs. Carole B, Whittington 
Gerald 0. Whittington 
Mr. Frank E. Williams Jr. 
I Mr. W.Leroy Williams 
Dr. William D. Woodward 


(Individuals who gave $100 to $499) 

Linda Miller Summer '14 
Katherine FHay Rouse '16 
Agnes Ball '17 
** Eliiabeth Dimmock Bloodworth '19 
Annie Silvetman Levy '19 
Llewellyn Wilburn '19 
Margaret Bland Sewell '20 
Mary L. Dudley Gross '20 
Virginia FishTisner '21 
Helen W.Hall Hopkins '21 
Edith N.Roark Van Sickle '21 
.Agnes Maude Adams Srokes '22 
Eleanor Buchanan Starcher'22 
Mary Catherine McKinney 

Barker '22 
Ruth Scandrett Hardy '22 
Margaret Frieda Brenner Awtrey '23 
Ha:el Lamar Starnes '23 
Lucile Little Morgan '23 
Martha Mcintosh Nail '23 
Lillian Virginia Moore Rice '23 
Fredeva Stokes Ogletree '23 
Atiie Alford '24 
Eh:abeth Henry Shands '24 
Eli:a Barron Hyatt Morrow '24 
Corinne Jackson Wilkerson '24 
Margarer McDow MacDougall '24 
Edna Arnetta McMurry 

Shadburn '24 
Cora Frarer Morton Durreti '24 
Helen Vinnedge Wright Smith '24 
Maty R Caldwell McFarland '25 
Agatha Deaver Bradley '25 
Josephine Douglass Smith '25 
Mary .Ann McKinney '25 
Elizabeth Shaw McClamroch '25 
Carolyn McLean Smith Whipple '25 
Memory Tucker Merritt '25 
Mary Belle Walker '2 5 
Pocahontas Wight Edmunds '25 

Helen Bates Law '26 
Edyth Carpenter Shuey '26 
Edythe N. Coleman Paris '26 
Gene 1. Dumas Vickers '26 
Charlotte Anna Higgs Andrews '26 
Mary Elizabeth Knox Happoldt '26 
Catherine Slover Mock Hodgin '26 
Ethel Reece Redding Niblack '26 
Sarah Quinn Slaughter '26 
Vitginia Wing Power '26 
Evelyn Albright Caldwell '27 
Josephine Bridgman '27 
.Annette Carrer Colwell '27 
Marrha Crowe Eddins '27 
Venie Belle Grant Jones '27 
.Anne Elizabeth Lilly Swedenberg '27 
Louise Lovejoy Jackson '27 
Elizabeth Lynn Lynn '27 
Elizabeth McCallie Snoots '27 
Ruth McMillan Jones '27 
Elizabeth Notfleet Miller '27 
Vitginia Love Seviet Hanna '27 
Mamie Shaw Flack '27 
Emily W. Stead '27 
Couitney Wilkinson '27 
Leila Warren Anderson '28 
Madelaine Dunseith Alston '28 
Catolyn Essig Frederick '28 
Sara Louise Girardeau Cook '28 
Elizabeth McEntire '28 
Evangeline T. Papageorge '28 
Lila Porcher German '28 
Elixaberh Roark Ellington '28 
Georgia Watson Craven '28 
Virginia Branch Leslie '29 
Lucile Ham Bridgman Leitch '29 
Bettina Bush Jackson '29 
Virginia Cameron Taylor '29 
Dorothy Cheek Callaway '29 
Nancy Elizabeth Fitzgerald Bray '29 
Elise McLaurin Gibson '29 
Marion Rosalind Green Johnston '29 
Elizabeth Hatchett '29 
Cara Hinman '29 
Katherine Hunter Branch '29 
Sara Johnston Hill '29 
Geraldine LeMay '29 
Mary Lou McCall Reddoch '29 
Edith McGranahan Smith T '29 
Letty Pope Prewitt '29 
Esther Rice '29 

Sarah McDonald Robinson Sharp '29 
Sara Frances Wimbish Reed '29 
Effie Mae Winslow Taylor '29 
Lillian Wurm Cousins '29 
Marie Baker Shumaker '30 
M. Ruth Bradford Crayton '30 
Elizabeth Hertzog Branch 

Johnson '30 
Lucille Coleman Christian '30 
** June Elizabeth Maloney Officer '30 
Sarah Neely Marsh Shapard '30 
Mary McCallie Ware '30 
Mattie Blanche Miller Rigby '30 
Dorothy Daniel Smith '30 
Martha Stackhouse Gtafton '30 
Sara Townsend Pittman '30 
Crystal Hope Wellborn Gregg '30 
Adele Taylor .Arbuckle Logan '31 
Sara L.Bullock '31 
Minnier Eleanor Castles Osteen '31 
Molly Childress 'I'arbrough '31 
M. Ruth EtheredgeGrilfin '31 
Jean Grey Morgan '31 
Katherine Morrow Norem '31 
Rurh Petty Pringle Pipkm '31 
Katharine Purdie '31 
Harriet Smith '31 
Martha Sprinkle Rafferty '31 
Laelius Stallings Davis '31 
Cornelia Taylor Stubbs '31 
Cornelia Wallace '31 
Martha North Warson Smith '31 
Penelope H. Btown Barnert '32 
Ruth Conant Green '32 
Anne Pleasants Hopkins Ayres '32 
Imogene Hudson Cullinan '32 

Elizaberh Hughes Jackson '32 
Mary Sutton Miller Brown '52 
Lila Rose Nortleet Davis '32 
Saxon Pope Bargeron '32 
Louise Howard Siakely '32 
Nell Starr Gardner '32 
Jura Tatfar Cole '32 
Miriam Thompstm Felder '32 
Martha Williamson Riggs '32 
Helen Page Ackerman '33 
Bernice Beaty Cole '35 
Josephine Clark Fleming '33 
Ora Craig Stuckey '33 
Helen Etheredge Gritfin '33 
Winona Ewbank Covingtt>n '33 
Mary Felts Steedman '33 
Julia Finley McCutchen '33 
Margaret Glass Womeldorf '33 
E. Virginia Heard Feder '33 
Lucile Heath McDonald '33 
Florence Kleybecker Keller '33 
Caroline Lingle Lester '33 
Frances Oglesby Hills '33 
Mary Louise Robinson Black '33 
Mary Stuttevant Cunningham '33 
Marlyn Elizabeth Tate Lester '33 
.Annie Laurie Whitehead 't'oung '33 
Helen Boyd McConneir34 
NelleS.Chamlee Howard '34 
Violet Denton West '34 
Sybil A Grant '34 
Mary DunbarGrist Whitehead '34 
Maty Cartet Hamilton McKnight '34 
Marguerite Jones Love '34 
Louise McCain Boyce '34 
Mary McDonald Sledd '34 
Sara Karr Moore Cathey '34 
Frances Mildred O'Brien '34 

Dorothy Potts Lavendol '34 
Charlotte ReidHerlihy '34 

Mary Louise Schuman Barrh '34 

Ruth Shippey Austin '34 

Rosa Shuey Burgess '34 

Mary Sloan Laird '34 

Bella Wilson Lewis '34 

Jane Goodwin Harbin '35 

Carol Howe Griffin Scoville '35 

.Anne Scott Harman Mauldin '35 

Katherine Hettzka '35 

.Anna Humber Little '35 

Josphine Sibley Jennings Brown '35 

Caroline Long Sanford '35 

Frances McCalla Ingles '35 

Marguerite Morris Saunders '35 

Nina Parke Hopkins '35 

WilbertaAileen Parker Sibley '35 

Martha Redwine Rountree '35 

Susan Turner Whire '35 

Laura L. Whitnet Dorsey '35 

Jacqueline Woolfolk Mathes '35 

Maty Beasley White '36 

Meriel Bull Mitchell '36 

Elizabeth Burson Wilson '36 

Carolyne Clements Logue '36 

Naomi Cooper Gale '36 

Ori Sue Jones Jordan '36 

Louise Jordan Turner '36 

Ann Bernard Martin '36 

Frances Miller Felts '36 

Sarah Nicholsjudge '36 

Margaret Louise Smith Bow ie '36 

Mary Snow Seigler '36 

Mary Margaret Stowe Hunter '36 

Jane Thomas Tilson '36 

Virginia Turner Graham '36 

Mary Vines Wright '36 

Ann Catolyn White Burrill '36 

Eloisa .Alexander LeConte '37 

Lucile Barnert Mirman '37 

Frances Cary Taylor '37 

Barbara Hertwig Meschter '37 

Dorothyjester '37 

Mary Landrum Johnson Tornboni '3^ 

Vivienne Long McCain '37 

Frances McDonald Moore '37 

Ora Muse '37 

Mary .Alice Newton Bishop '37 

Mary E Perry Houston '37 

Frances Cornelia Steele Garrert '37 

Nettie Mae Austin Kelley '38 

Dorothy Avety Newton '38 

Martha Peek Brown Miller '38 

Jean Askew Chalmers Smith '38 

Margaret Douglas Link '38 

Doris Dunn St. Clait '38 

Winifred Kellersberger Vass '38 

Ola Little Kelly Ausley '38 

Ellen Little Lesesne'38 

Utsula Mayet von Tessin '38 

Elizabeth McCotd Lawler '38 

Bertha Moore Merrill Holt '38 

Nancy Mooter Cantey '38 

Margaret Motrison Blumberg '38 

Grace Tazewell Flowers '38 

Anne Claibt>rne Thompson Rose '38 

Ella Virginia Watson Logan '38 

Elsie West Duval' 38 

Jean Bailey Owen '39 

Charlotte French Hightower'39 

Elizabeth Furlow Brown '39 

Cora Kay Hutchins Blackweldet '39 

Elizabeth Kenney Knight '39 

Dotothy Nell Lazenby Stipe '39 

Ella Hunter Mallard Ninestein '39 

Marie Merritt Rollins '39 

Helen Moses Regenstein '39 

Mary Ruth Murphy Chesnutt '39 

Lou Pate Jones '39 

Mamie Lee Ratliff Finger '39 

Jeanne Wilson Redwine Da\'ls '39 

Mary Elizabeth Shepherd Green '39 


Beryl Spooner Broome '39 

Virginia Tumlin Guffin '39 

Elinor Tyler Richardson '39 

Frances Abbot Butns '40 

Carolyn .Alley Peterson '40 

Shifley Armentrout Kirven '40 

Margaret Barnes Carey '40 

Evelyn Baty Chrisrman '40 

Marguerite Baum Muhlenteld '40 

Catolyn Forman Piel '40 

Marian Franklin Anderson '40 

Bryant Holsenbeck Moore '40 

Margaret Hopkins Martin '40 

Georgia Hunt Elsberry '40 

Eleanor Hutchens '40 

Mildred Joseph Colyer '40 

Jane D Knapp Spivey '40 

Eloise McCall Guyton '40 

Maty Ftances Moote Culpepper '40 

Nell Moss Roberts '40 

Kathetine Patton Carssow '40 

Nell Pinner Wisner '40 

Mary Reins Surge '40 

Harriet Stimson Davis '40 

Edith Stovet McFee '40 

Henrietta Thompson Wilkinson '40 

Emily Underwood Gault '40 

Grace Ward Anderson '40 

G. Gentry Burks Bielaski '41 

Freda Copeland Hoffman '41 

Jean E Dennison Brooks '41 

Martha Dunn Kerby '41 

Caroline Wilson Gray Truslow '41 

Nancy Joy Gribble Nelson '41 

Helen Hardie Smirh '41 

.Anne Foxworth Martin Elliott '41 

.Anna Louise Meiere Culver '41 

Marjorie Merlin Cohen '41 

Martha Moody Laseter '41 

Margaret Nix Ponder '41 

Pattie Patterson Johnson '41 

Elta Robinson Posey '41 

Lillian Schwencke Cook '41 

Dotothy Tiavisjoyner '41 

Tommay Turner Peacock '41 

Ida Jane Vaughan Price '41 

Elizabeth Alden Want White '41 

Maty Rebckah Andrews McNeill '42 

Betty .Ann Btooks '42 

Anne Chambless Bateman '42 

Sarah Copeland Little '42 

Maty Dale Dtennan Hicks '42 

Susan Dyer Oliver '42 

Margaret Etwin Walket '42 

Doris Henson Vaughn '42 

Frances Hinton '42 

Betty Medk«:k Clark '42 
Dorothy Nabeis Allen '42 
S. Louise Ptuitt Jones '42 
Helen Schuktaft Sutherland '42 
Matjorie Simps()n Ware '42 
Frances Tucker Johnson '42 
Alta Webster Payne '42 
Dorothy Ellen Webster Woodruff '42 
Olivia White Cave '42 
Mary Jane Auld Linker '43 
Betty F. Bates Fetnandez '43 
Mary Blakemote Johnston '43 
Mary Carolyn Brock Williams '43 
Alice W Clements Shinair43 
Maty Ann Cochran .Abbort '43 
Laura Gumming Northey '43 
Anne Ftietson Smoak '43 
Nancy Green Carmichael '43 
Susan Guthtie Fu '43 
Imogene Hunt King Stanley '43 
Leona Leaxitt Walker '43 
StetlyLebey Wilder '43 
BennyeLinzy Sadler '43 
Betty Pegtam Sessoms '43 
Patficia Elizabeth Perry Reiss '43 
Catherine B. Roberts Shanks '43 
Ruby Rosser Davis '43 
Clara Rounrree Couch '43 
Caroline Lebby Smith Hassell '43 
Regina R Stokes Barnes '43 
Mabel Stowe Query '43 
Barbara E.WilberGerland '43 
KarherineWrighr Philips '43 
Bettye Ashctaft Sentet '44 
Bettv Bacon Skinner '44 
Mary Ann Barfield 
Bloodworth '44 
Marquerite Bless Mclnnis '44 
Louise Bteedin Griffiths '44 
Frances Margaret Cook Ctowley '44 
Elizabeth Edwards Wilson '44 
Julia Harvard Warnock '44 
.Aurie Montgomety Millet '44 
Matjorie Tippins Johnson '44 
Ruth .Andetson Stall '45 
Maty Barbara .Azar Maloot '45 
Carol Anne Barge Mathews '45 
Betty Campbell Wiggins '45 
Emma Vitginia Carter Caldwell '45 
Hansell Cousar Palme '45 
Elizabeth Daniel Owens '45 
Elizabeth Davis Shinglet '45 
.Anne Equen Ballard '45 
Pauline ErtzWechsler '45 
Elizabeth Farmer Gaynor '45 
Barbara Frink .Allen '45 
Elizabeth Glenn Stow '45 
Leila Butke Holmes '45 
Jean Hood Booth '45 
Kittie Kay Norment '45 
Sue L.Mitchell '45 
Gloria Jeanne Newton Snipes '45 
Margaret Virginia Norris '45 
Jean Sarterwhite Hatper '45 
Margaret Shepherd "fates '45 
Bess Sheppard Poole '45 
Maty .Ann Elizabeth Turner 

Edwards '45 
Kate Webb Claty '45 
Frances Louise Wooddall 

Talmadge '45 
Martha Clark Baker Wilkins '46 
Emily .Ann Bradford Batts '46 
Kathtyn Butnett Gatewood '46 
MaryC. Cargill'46 
Mary .Ann Courtenay Davidson '46 
Eleanor Davis Scott '46 
Conradine Fraser Riddle '46 
Elizabeth Hotn Johnson '46 
Lura Johnsron Watkins '46 
Mar)orie Karlson '46 
Mananna Kirkpatfick Reeves '46 
Mary F McConkev Reimer '46 
Elizabeth Miller Turner '46 
Celetta Powell J.mes '46 
.Anne Register Jones '46 
Eleanor Reynolds Verdery '46 
Ruth Rvner Lay '46 
Margaret Scott Cathey '46 

■ 4 1985-1986 

Betty Smith Satterthuaiic '46 

jean Stewart Staton '4P 

Martha Sunke> Thomas '40 

Maud Van Oyke Jennings '4C> 

June Bloxton LVvcr '47 

Eleanor Calley Cross '47 

Jane Cooke Cross "47 

Martha Ehrabeth Crabill Rogers "47 

Helen Catherine Currie '47 

Dorothy Nell GalKnvav Fontaine '4i 

Mynelle Blue Grove Harris '47 

Genet Heery Barron '47 

Ann Hough Hopkins '47 

Theresa Kemp Set:e '47 

Marguerite Mattison Rice '47 

Eiiith Merrin Simmons '47 

Lorenna Jane Ross Brown '47 

May Turner Engeman '47 

Emma Jean Wilhams Hand '47 

Betty Ann Zeigler De La Mater '47 

Jane Woodward Alsobrouk Miller '4' 

Ruth Bastin Stent: '48 

Barbara Blair '48 

Mary Alice Compton Osgood '48 

Jean Henson Smith '4S 

June Irvine Torbert '48 

Mary Elizabeth Jackson 

Anne Elizabeth Jones Crabill '48 
Mary Ntanly Ryman '48 
Lora Jennings Payne Miller '48 
Betty Powers Crislip '48 
Betty Blackmon Kinnett '4'? 
Susan Dowdell Bowling Dudney '49 
Frances Brannan Hamrick '49 
Mary Price Coulling '49 
Bettie Davison Bruce '49 
Betsv Deal Smith '49 
Jane David EfurdWackins '49 
Evelyn Foster Henderson '4*^ 
Martha Goddard Lovell '49 
Harriet Ann Lurton Major '49 
Nancy Parks Donnan '49 
Patty Persohn '4^ 
* Mary Helen Phillips Hearn '49 
Betty lo Sauer Mansur '49 
Ehrabeth Wood Smith "49 
Edith Stovve Barkley '49 
Jean Tollison Moses '49 
Virginia Vining Skelton '49 
Martha Reed WarlickBrame '49 
Johanna Wood Zachry '49 
Helen Elizabeth Austin Callaway '50 
Katherine Dickey Bentley '50 
Elizabeth Dunlap McAliley '50 
Helen Edwards Propst '50 
Margaret Glenn Lyon '50 
M. Anne Haden Howe '50 
Sarah Hancock White '50 

Marie Heng Heng '50 
Jessie A Hodges Kryder '50 

Norah Anne Little Green '50 

Marjone Major Franklin '50 

Miriam Mitchell Ingnian '50 

Pat Overton Webb "50 

Virginia Skinner Jones '50 

Martha Elizabeth Stowell Rhodes '50 

Isabel Truslow Fine '50 

Mary Ida Wilson '50 

Su Boney Davis '51 

Anna DaVault Haley '51 

Nell Floyd Hall '51 

Sara Luverne Floyd Smith '51 

Carolyn Galbreath Zehnder '51 

AnnaGounans '51 

Margaret Hunt Denny '5i 

Virginia Arnold Leonard '51 

Mary Caroline Lindsay '51 

Jimmie Ann McGee Collings '51 

Sarah McKee Burnside '51 

Carol Louise Munger '51 

Eliza Pollard Mark '51 

Bettie Shipman Wilson Weakley '51 

Eugenia Wilson Collins '51 

Ann Marie Woods Shannon '51 

Ann Boyer Wilkerson '52 


Kathren Martha Freeman 

Phyllis Galphin Buchanan '52 

Barbara Grace Palmour '52 

Shirley Heath Roberts '52 

Louise Monroe Jen Porter '52 

Helen Frances Land Ledbetter '52 

Lillian Ritchie Sharian '52 

Helen Jean Robarts Scaton '52 

Frances Sells Grimes '52 

Winnie Strozier Hoover '52 

Mary Alverta Bond '53 

Donna Dugger Smith '53 

Betty Ann Green Rush '53 

Sarah Crewe Hamilton Leathers '53 

Keller Henderson Barron '53 

Ellen Earle Hunter Brumfield '53 

Anne Wortlev Jones Sims '53 

Shirley Samuels Bowden '53 

Rita May Scott Cook '5 3 

Prlscilla Sheppard Taylor '53 

Anne Thomson Sheppard '53 

Eleanor Hutchinson Smith '54 

Carol Jones Hay '54 

Mitzi Kiser Law '54 

Mary Newell Rainey Bridges "54 

Caroline Reinero Kcmmerer '54 

Kathleen Whittield Perry '54 

Susanna May Byrd Wells '55 

Sara Dudney Ham '55 

GracieGreer Phillips '55 

Ann Louise Hanson Merklein '55 

Mary Pauline Hood Gibson '55 

Mary Alice Kemp Henning '55 

Jeanne Levie Berry '55 

Catherine Louise Lewis Callaway '55 

Callie C Mc Arthur Robinson '55 

Sara Minta Mclntyre Bahner '55 

Peggy Anne McMillan White '55 

Peggy Pfeiffer Bass '55 

Margaret Rogers Lee '55 

Dorothy Sands Hawkins '55 

Agnes Milton Scott Willoch '55 

Sue Walker Goddard '55 

Pauline Waller Hoch '55 

Anne Lowrie Alexander Eraser '56 

Nonette Brown Hill '56 

Mary Jo Carpenter '56 

Claire Flintom Barnhardt '56 

Priscilla Goodwin Bennett '56 

Ann Lee Gregory York '56 

Louise Harley Hull '56 

Helen Haynes Patton '56 

Nancy Craig Jackson Pitts '56 

Alice Johnston Ballenger'56 

Marion Virginia Love Dunaway '56 

B. Louise Rainey Amnions '56 

Rameth Fay Richard Owens '56 

CatherineTucker Wilson Turner '56 

Elizabeth Ansley Allan "57 

Joyce Brownlee '57 

Bectye Carmichael Maddox '57 

Frances Cork Engle '57 

Sally Fortson McLemore '57 

Grace Molineux Goodwin '57 

Patricia Guynup Corbus '57 

Carolyn Herman Sharp '57 

Frances Holtsclaw Berry '57 

Rachel King "57 

Elaine Lewis Hudgins '57 

Nancy Love Crane '57 

Frances McSwain Pruitt '57 

Mollie Merrick '57 

Margaret Minter Hyatt '57 

Jean Price Knapp '57 

Martha Jane Riggins Brown '57 

Ann Norris Shires Penuel '57 

Carolyn Smith Gait '57 

EmikoTakeuchi '57 

Anne Terry Sherren '57 

Anne S Whittield '57 

Anna Fox Avil Stribling '58 

Grace Chao '58 

Nancy Alice Niblack Dantzler '58 

Martha Davis Rosselot '58 

Elizabeth Hanson Duerr '58 

Hazel Ellis '58 

Frankie Flowers Van Cleave '58 

Patricia Cover Bitrer '58 

Eileen Graham McWhorter '58 

Sara Margaret Heard White '58 


Alumnae ^ving set new records 

at $502,970. Overall, theOffii 

of Development received 

$3,275,606, surpassing last 

year's record of $2 , 514,1 12 . 

Eleanor Kallman Roemer '58 

Nora Alice King '58 

Carolyn Magruder Ruppenthal '58 

Maria Menetee Martoccia 
Clifton '58 

Judy Nash Gallo '58 

Martha Ann Oeland Hart '58 

Phia Peppas Kanellos '58 

Blythe Posey Ashmore '58 

Caroline Romberg Silcox '58 

Shirley Sue Spackman May '58 

Langhorne Sydnor Mauck '58 

Harriet Talmadge Mill '58 

Delores Ann Taylor Yancey '58 

Gene Allen Reinero Vargas '58 

Llewellyn Bellamy Page "59 

Patricia Forrest Davis '59 

Sidney Mack Howell Fleming '59 

B.Wynn Hughes Tabor '59 

Jane King Allen '59 

lane Kraemer Scott '59 

Mildred Ling Wu '59 

Margaret Ward Abernerhy 
Martin '59 

Caroline Pruitt Hayes '59 

Irene Shaw Grigg '59 

Annette Teague Powell '59 

Nell Archer Congdon '60 

Lucy Cole Gratton '60 

Louise Crawford Feagin Stone '60 

Bonnie Gershen Aronin '60 

Jane Imray Shapard '60 

Linda Mangum Jones Klett '60 

Jane Law Allen '60 

Sallie Meek Hunter '60 



Everdina Nieuvvenhuis '60 

Jane Norman Scott "60 

Marcia Louise Tobey Swanson '60 

Judith Ann Albergotti Hines '61 
Pamela Bevier '61 

Sally Bryan Mincer '61 

Kathryn Ann Chambers Elliott '61 

Medora Ann McBride Chilcutt '61 

Jean Marie Corbett Griffin '61 

Mary Wayne Crymes Bywater '61 

Elizabeth Daiton Brand '61 

Julia Akin Doar Grubb '61 

Katherine Gwaltney Remick '61 

Sarah Kelso '61 

Mary Taylor Lipscomb Garrity '61 

juhaG. Maddox Paul '61 

Nancy A. Moore Kuykendall '61 

Barbara Mordecai Schwaneheck '61 

Emily Pancake '61 

Grace Ann Peagler Gallagher '6l 

Charme Robinson Rirter '61 

Elizabeth Shepley Brophy "61 

Kathryn Page Smith Morahan '61 

M. Harriet Smith Bates '61 

Patricia Walker Bass '61 

Martha Campbell Williams '62 

Vivian Conner Parker "62 

Peggy Frederick Smith '62 

Elizabeth Gillespie Proctor "62 

Janice Heard Baucum "62 

Ann Pauline Hutchinson Beason "62 

Norris Johnston Goss '62 

Isabel Kallman Anderson '62 

Beverly K. Kenton Mason '62 

Milling Kinard '62 

Nancy Nelms Garrett '62 

Ethel Ogleshy Norton '62 

Marjorie Hayes Reit: Turnbull '62 

Elizabeth Withers Kennedy '62 

Judy Brantley '63 

Sarah Stokes Gumming Mitchell '63 

Mary Jane Fincher Peterson '63 

Elizabeth B, Hutcheson 

Lelia Jones Graham '63 

Leigh Maddox Brown '63 

Robin Patrick Johnston '63 

Lee Shepherd '63 

Miriam St. Clair '63 

Kaye Stapleton Redford '63 

Lydia Sudbury Langston '63 

L. Elizabeth Thomas Freyer '63 

Mary K. Troup Rose '63 

Mary Ruth Walters McDonald '63 

Louisa Walton McFadden '63 

M. Elizabeth Webb Nugent '63 

Michele Bullard Smith '64 

Carolyn Clarke '64 

Elizabeth Gillespie Miller '64 

E. Dianne Hunter Cox '64 

Sally Loree James '64 

Susan Keith-Lucas Carson '64 

Shirley E Lee '64 

A. Crawford Meginniss Sandefur '64 

Anne Minter Nelson '64 

Mary Mac Mitchell Saunders '64 

Margaret Moses Zimmer '64 

Carolyn Newton Curry '64 
Becky A Reynolds Bryson '64 
Lila Sheffield Howland '64 
Mary Lynn Weekley Parsons '64 
Suzanne P West Guy '64 
Florence Willey Perusse '64 
Betty Hunt Armstrong 

McMahon '65 
Rebecca Beusse Holman '65 
Sally Blackard Long '65 
Sally Bynum Gladden '65 
Katherine Bailey Cook Schafer '65 
Helen West Davis Hatch '65 
Doris ElTawil "65 
Patricia Gay Nash '65 
Dee Hall Pope '65 
Nancy C Hammerstrom Cole '65 
Linda Kay Hudson McGowan '65 
Kenney Knight Linton '65 
Elisabeth Malone Boggs '65 
Elizabeth Wilson McCain '65 
Diane Miller Wise '65 
Margaret Murphy Hunter '65 
Dorothy Robinson Dewberry '65 
Barbara Rudisill '65 
Harriette Russell Flinn '65 
Anne Schiff Faivus '65 
Mary Lowndes Smith Bryan '65 
Menam Elyene Smith Thompson "65 
Charlotte Webb Kendall '65 
Sandra Hay Wilson '65 
Judith Ahrano '66 
Beverly Allen Lambert '66 
Betty Ann AllgeierCobb "66 
Marilyn Janet Breen Kelley '66 
Mary Hopper Brown Bullock '66 
Nancy Bruce Truluck "66 
Vicky Campbell Patronis '66 
Joan DuPuis '66 
jean Gaskell Ross '66 

J. Jean Jarrett Milnor '66 
Ellen M.King Wiser '66 
Susan Wtlcy Ledford Rust '66 
Connie Louise Magee Keyscr '66 
Helen Mann Liu '66 
Elizabeth McGeachy Mills '66 
Portia Morrison '66 
Anne Morse Topple '66 
Son)a Nelson Cordell '66 
Malinda Snow '66 
Martha Abernerhy Thompson '66 
Sarahs. U::ell-Rindlaub "66 
Nancy Carol Whiteside '66 
Maria Papagcorge Artemis '67 
Jane Watt Balslcy '67 
Linda Cooper Shewcy '67 
Ida Copenhaver Ginter '67 
Alice Finn Hunt "67 
Andrea L. Huggins Flaks '67 
Ann Wellington Hunter Wickes '67 
Elizabeth Hutchison Cowdcn '67 
Linda jacoby Miller '67 
Lucy Ellen Jones Cooley '67 
Jane Keiger Gehring '67 
Caroline Dudley Lester Tye '67 
Clair McLeod Muller '67 
AnnWinfield Miller Morris '67 
Judy Hurst NuckolsOffutt '67 
Caroline Owens Crain '67 
Susan M. Phillips '67 
.Ann Roberts Divine '67 
Susan Janelle Sleight Mowry '67 
M. Susan Stevens Hitchcock "67 
Sallie Tate Hodges '67 
Sandra Welch Williams '67 
Elizabeth Alford Lee *68 
Lynne Anthony Butler '68 
Sally Bainhridge Akridge "68 
Lucie Barron Eggleston '68 
Kathleen Blee Ashe '68 
Laurie Gay Carter Tharpe '68 
Elizabeth Ann Glendinning '68 
Jeanne Elizabeth Grossjohnson '68 
Gabrielle Guyton Johnson '68 
Charlotte Harr Riordan '68 
Gue ?. Pardue Hudson '68 
Elizabeth Ann Jones Bergin '68 
Suzanne Jones Harper '68 
Katherine McCracken Maybank '68 
Margaret Garrett Moore Hall '68 
Betty jane Renfro Knight '68 
Georganne Rose Cunningham '68 
Johanna Scherer Hunt '68 
Christie Theriot Woodfin '68 
Mary Ruth Wilkins Negro '68 
Linda Faye Woody Perry '68 
Patricia Auclair Hawkins '69 
Beth Bailey '69 
Mary Bolch Line '69 
julieCottrill Ferguson '69 
Janice S. Cribbs '69 
Janie Da\is Hollerorth '69 
Margaret M. Flowers Rich '69 
Margaret Gillespie Sewell '69 
Lalla Griffis Mangin '69 
Nancy Holtman Hoffman '69 
Beverly Gray LaRoche Anderson '69 
Letitia Lowe Oliveira '69 
Johnnie Gay Martin '69 
Dianne Louise McMillan Smith '69 
Mary Anne Murphy Hornbuckle '69 
Elta Posey Johnston '69 
Susan Atkinson Simmens '70 
Bonnie E. Brown Johnson '70 
Leslie Buchanan New '70 
Deborah Ann Claiborne '70 
Catherine DuVall Vogel '70 
Cheryl Ann Granade Sullivan '70 
Martha C. Harris Encrekin '70 
Mary Wills Hatfield LeCroy '70 
Ruth Hannah Hyatt Heffron '70 
Kathy Johnson '70 
Hollie Duskin Kenyon Fiedler '70 
Carol Ann McKenzie Fuller '70 
Catherine B. Oliver '70 
Freida Cynthia Padgett Henry '70 
Martha L. Ramey '70 
Nancy Everetce Rhodes '70 


A conversion to the semester 

system, including a complete 

revision of the calendar, general 

requirements and departmental 

programs vuas completed in 

record time. 

Marylu Tippett Villavieja '70 
Deborah Lee Banghart Mullins '71 
Evelyn Young Brown Christensen '71 
Vicki Linda Brown Ferguson '71 
Karen LaneConrads Wihell '71 
Julia Virgil Couch Mehr '71 
Jane Ellen Duttenhaver Hursey '71 
Frances Folk Zygmont '71 
Margaret Funderhurk O'Neal '71 
Carolyn Oretha Gailey Christ '71 
Patricia Johnston Feulllebois '71 
H, Tyler McFadden '71 
Nancy Ann Newton '71 
Eleanor Hunter Ninestein '71 
Barbara Herta Paul '71 
Sharon Sue Roberts Henderson '71 
Katherine Set:e Home '71 
Ellen McGill Tinkler Rein. g '71 
Bernie Louise Todd Smith '71 
Mary Caroline Turner '71 
Harriet Eli:abeth Amos '72 
Rose Eileen Bluerock Brooks '72 
Julia Seabrook Cole Bouhabih '72 
Debra Ann Gay Wiggins '72 
Dianne Gerstle Niedner '72 
Claire Ann Hodges Burdert '72 
Mary Jean Homey '72 
Deborah Anne Jordan Bates '72 
Jeanne Eli:abeth Kaufmann 

Manning '72 
Maryjane King '72 
Deborah Long Wingate '72 
Linda Sue Maloy 0:ier '72 
Virginia Norman Neb Price '72 
Nancy King Owen Merritt '72 
Susan Downs Parks Grissom '72 
I Mary Laura Ree\'esScanlon '72 
Helen Reid Roddy Register '72 
|: Katherine Amante Smith Acutt '72 
Susan Bryanr Stimson Peak '72 
Nancy Delilah Thomas Tippins '72 
"Susan Williams Gornall '72 
Faye Ann Allen Sisk '73 
Carolyn Su:anne Arant Handell '73 
SallyCampbell Bryant Oxley '73 
Mary Margaret Clark Turtle '73 
Deborah MerceCorbett Gaudier '73 
Martha Forman Folt: Manson '73 
Judith Kay Hamilton Grubbs '73 
Resa Laverne Harris '73 
Margaret van Buren Lines Thrash '73 
Janifer Marie Meldrum '73 
Deborah Lee Newman Mattern '73 
Eli:abeth Ann Rhett Jones '73 
Martha Carpenter Schahel 

Seattle '73 
Janet Elizabeth Short '73 
Edith Carpenter Waller 

Suzanne Lee Warren Schwank '73 
Cynrhia Merle Wilkes Smith '73 
Cherry Marie Wood '73 
Barbara Letitia Young 

McCutchen '73 
Marianne Bradley '74 
Pamela Ann Cook Bates '74 
Vivienne Ryan Drakes McKinney '74 
lynn Elizabeth Ezell Hendrix '74 

Mary Lynn Gay Bankston '74 
Teresa Louise Lee '74 
Claire Owen Studley '74 
Vicki Lynn Baynes Jackson '75 
Jana Vail Macbeth '75 
Mary Gay Morgan '75 
Betsy Wall Carter '75 
Rebecca McPherson Weaver '75 
Eva Angela Adan '76 
Gay 1. Blackburn Maloney '76 
Vernira A. Bowden Lockhart '76 
Sue Frances Diseker Sabat '76 
Emily G. Dunbar-Smith '76 
Henrietta Barnwell Leiand 

Jennifer Rich Kaduck '76 
Laurie Dixon Williams Attaway '76 
Evelyn Elizabeth Babcock '77 
Elizabeth Rachel Doscher 

Shannon '77 
Terri Ann Keeler Niederman '77 
Kate Kussrow McConnaughey '77 
Susan Patricia Pirkle Trawick '77 
Rebecca L. Johnson Bisher '78 
Wanda Emma McLemore '78 
Judith K. Miller Bohan '78 
Kathryn Schnittker White '78 
Mary Anna Smith "78 
Melody Kathryn Snider Porter '78 
Marybeth Whitmire Hegerty '78 
Christina Wong Leo '78 
Susan Bethune Bennett '79 
Debby Daniel-Bryant '79 
Anne Curtis Jones '79 
Evelyn L Kirby Jones '79 
Virginia Lee McMurray '79 
Sandra Anne Burson Hosford '80 
Sarah Ann Fairburn '80 
Kemper Hattield Graham '80 
Keller Leigh Murphy Torrey '80 
Judith Ann Smith Willis '80 
Katherine Zarkowsky Broderick '80 
Beth Arant Mcllwain '81 
Stephanie Jane Chisholm '81 
Alexandra Y. Gonsalves Brooks '81 
Henrietta C. Halliday '81 
Susan Gail Kennedy Blackwood '81 
Laura D. Newsome '81 
Julie Oliver Link '81 
Susan G. Smith '81 
Lynn Pace Stonecypher '81 
Lynda Joyce Wimberly '81 
Margaret Vanneman Bynum '82 
Margaret Carpenter Beain '82 
Elizabeth Frances Daniel Holder '82 
Lu Ann Ferguson '82 
Kathleen Bell Fulton '82 
Caroline McKinney Reaves 

Wilson '82 
Sara Robinson Chambless '82 
Elizabeth O'Hear Young '82 
Laura Carolyn Crompton '83 
Kathryn Hart '83 
Anonymous '84 
Dorothy Kidd Sigwell '84 
Bradie Catherine Barr '85 
Janet Cumming '85 

Joanna Margaret Wiedeman 

Mercedes Badia-Moro '86 
Barrow-Gwinnett-Newton Alumnae 

Central Florida Alumnae Club 
Southeast Georgia Alumnae Club 
Mr. D. Stephen AcufI 
Juanita Adams 
Mr. Bona Allen IV 
Dr. Wallace M.Alston. Sr. 
Dr. Wallace M.Alston Jr. 
Mr. R. W. Anderson 
Dr. Tom B. .Anderson 
Mr. Robert Lawrence Ashe Jr. 
Dean S. Attaway 
Mr. T. Maxfield Bahner 
Mr. C. Perry Bankston 
Mr. Henry J. Barnes 
Mr. R. H. Barnhardt 
Mr. Thomas L. Bass 
Dr. John W. Bates 
Mr. J. L. Batts 
Mr. Charles Walter Baucum 
Mr. Ander Beam 
Mr. Amos T Beason 
Mr. Henry A. Beattie III 
Mr. John A. Bennett 
Mr. Michael G. Bennett 
Mr. B. Carroll Berry 
Rev. Edward R. Berry Jr. 
Mr. D. F Blackwelder 
Dr. Max M. Blumberg 
Mr. Richard P Boggs 
Mr. Michael S. Bohan 
Mr. & Mrs. Henry L. Bowden 
Mr. Robert C. Bowden 
Mr. W. J.Brame 
Mr. Harllee Branch Jr. 
Mr. R. Alfred Brand III 
Mr. John Broderick 
Mr. Hugh D. Broome Sr. 
Mr. Bennett A. Brown 
Mrs. Byron K. Brown 
Mr. James Pope Brown 
Mr. Joseph E. Brown 
Mr. Rodney C. Brown 
Mr. Lacy H. Brumfield 
Mr. Bruce L. Bryson Jr. 
Mr. J. 0. Buchanan 
Mr. George D. Bullock 
Mr. Edward B. Burdett 

Dr. Dan Burge 

Dr. Wade W. Burnside 
Gordon Calhoun Bynum 

Mr. George W. Caldwell 

Mr. T. M. Callawayjr. 

Mr. J. WillisCantey 

Mr. Ben W. Carmichael 

Mr. William B. Carssow 

Mr. John S. Carter 

Dr. & Mrs. Walter B. Chandler 

Mr. Ralph C. Christensen 

Mr. Schuyler M. Christian 

Mr. Oscar Cohen 

Dr. &Mrs. W. ECollarJr. 

Dr. Thomas A. Collings 

Mr. James F C. Colyer 

Mr. Pemberton Cooley 111 

Mr. Fred Culpepper Jr. 

Mr. Lewis E. Culver 

Mr. James B. Cumming 

Mr. Charles B. Cunningham 

Mr. & Mrs. William M. Curd 

Mr. Lorenzo N. Danrzler IV 

Mr. J. B. Davidson 

Rev. C. Edward Davis 

Mr. Neil 0. Davis 

Mr. Ovid R. Davis 

Dr. Robert P Davis 

Decatur Presbyterian, Women ot the 

Mr. James W. Dewberry 
Mr. & Mrs. Franklin G. Dill 
Mr. Robert A. Donnan 
Mr. Hugh M. DorseyJr. 
Mark M. Dumas 
Dr. Dan A. Dunaway 
Dr. &. Mrs. Gary S. Dunbar 
** Dr. E. M. Dunstan 
Dr. Florene Dunstan 
Mr. & Mrs. Percy Echols 
Mr. Thomas K. Eddinsjr. 
Mr. Ken E. Edwards Jr. 
Mr. Phillip L, Elliott 
Mr. J. E. Faulkner Jr. 
Mr. Donald P Ferguson 
Dr. J. D. Flemingjr. 
Mr. & Mrs. L. Lamar Floyd 
Mr. Eugene V. Fontaine 
Dr. Van Eraser 
Mr. FredR. Freyerjr. 
Mr. Franklin M. Garrett 
Mrs. M. W. Gattshall 
Mr. Clarence W. Gault 
Mr. Louis A. Gerlandjr. 
Mr. Thomas W. Goodwin Jr. 
Mrs. Rachel R. Gordon 
Mr. Barry D. Goss 
Mr. R. Travers Green 
Mr. Tucker Grigg Jr. 
Dr. Nancy Groseclose 
Dr. Robert L.Grubb Jr. 

Mr. Robert L. GuUin 

Mr. Conrad M.Hall 

Mr. Jesse S.Hall 

Mr. Donald L. Handell 

Mr. Edward P. Harper 

Mr. George L. Harris Jr. 

Mr. & Mrs. John S. Harrison 

Mr. Edward G. Hawkins 

Mr. Sidney E. Hawkins 

Dr. Lewis S. Hay 

Mr. James Hayes 

Mr. Robert C.Helfron Jr. 

Mr. U. V. Henderson 

Dr. Basil V Hicks 

Mr. & Mrs. C.B.Highland Jr. 

Mr. John D. Hightower 

Mr. Henry L. Hills 

Mt. PaulG. Hines 

Mr. Joe E.Hodge 111 

Mr. Scott Hogg 

Mr. Robert G. Holman 

Dr. Arvah Hopkins 

Mr. Jon E. Hornbuckle 

Mr. Carey J. Home 

Mr. E. S. Homey 

Mr. Robert M. Horton 

Dr. David A. Hosford 

Mr. W. Slocum Howland Jr. 

Mr. Jewell Bell Hudgins Jr. 

Mr. William T Hudson Jr. 

Mr. Charles C.Hull 

Mr. Si Mrs. Louis P Humann Sr. 

Mr. J. A. Ingmanjr. 

Dr. Daniel F Jackson 
. Mrs. Adeline M. Johnson 

Mr. C. E. Johnson Jr. 

Mr. David C. Johnson 

Mr. Edward A. Johnson 

Mr. James E. Johnson 

Mr. Joseph F. Johnston 

Mr. Boisfeuillet Jones 
Mr. J. Malcolm Jones 
Dr. Ronald M. Jonesjr. 
Mr. Hugh H. Joyner 
Harry T. & Berty C. Jukes 
Mr. William W. Kaduck Jr. 
Mr. James L. Kanellos 
Mr. William M.Keller 
Mr. K. K. Kelley 
Mr. John L. Kemmerer 
Mr. lames R. Kennedy 
Mr.W. D. Kerbyjr. 
Mr. Robert S. Keyset 
Mr. J. D. Kirvenjr. 
Mr. Robert J. Klett 

Dr. C. Benton Kline Jr. 
Mr. James H. Knight 
Rev. William H. Kryder 
Mr. Charles C. Langsronjr. 
Mr. Joseph E. Lay 
Mr. James A. LeConte 
Mr. James C. Leathers 
Mr. James A. Leitchjr. 
Prof. William W.Leonard 
Mr. Louis L. Lesesne 
Mr. Donald A. Leslie 
Mr. Stephen C. Link 
Mr. J. Burton Linker Jr. 
Mr. Sidney E. Linron 
Mr. Ker Fah Liu 
Mr. WadeH. Logan Jr. 
Dr. James M. Major 
Mr. Mark Daniel Maloney 
Mr. Albert M. Mangin 
Mr. James V. Manning 
Mr. Joseph Manson 
Prof. Kathryn A. Manuel 
Mr. Ralph H. Martin 

Mr. & Mrs. Thomas L. Martin 

Dr. Frank Alfred Mathes 

Mr. Ferrin Y'- Mathews 

Mr. Robert H. Mauck 

Dr. Prescotr D. May Jr. 

Dr. &i Mrs. Paul M. McCain 

Mr. Glenn McCutchen 

Mr. Robert M. McFarland Jr 

Mr. William C.McFee 

Prof. Terry S. McGehee 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert E. Mcintosh 

Mr. John W. Mclntrye 

Prof. KateMcKemie 

Mr. Calvin B. McLaughlin 

Mr. John C. B. McLaughlin 

Mr. M. E. McMahon 

Mr. M. Shawn McMurray 

Mr. HecrorM. McNeill 

Mr. Ellis K. Meacham 

Mr. Roger P Melton 

Mr. Ernest Merklein 

Mr. W Robert Mill 

Mr. RoberrG. Miller Jr. 

Mr. William A. Mills 

Mr. W. B. Minter 

Mr. Jerrold A. Mirman 

Mr. Carl Moore 

Captain Edward Muhlenteld 

Mr. Thomas H. MuUerJr. 

Mr. James D. Mullins 

Mr. Malcolm P Nash 111 

Mr. Robert S. Nelson 

Dr. Malcolm B. Niednerjr. 

Dr. Jeffrey T. Nugent 

Mr. W.Ennis O'Neal 

Mr. & Mrs. R. Lamar Oglesby 

Dr. John G. Oliver 

Mr. Gary L. Orkin 

Dr. Walton H.OwensJr. 

Mr. Lance W. Ozier 

Dr. Hayne Palmour 

Mr. J.E.Parker 

Mr. John E. Parse 

Dr. John H. Patton 

Miss Margaret M. Perry 

Mr. Hugh Perersonjr. 

Mr. &Mrs. JohnPfeifferJr. 

Dr. J. Davison Philips 


Mr. J. Douglas Pitts 

Mr. Philip T Porter 

Mr. George W Power 

Colonel &. Mrs. G.J. Prater Jr. 

Admiral Frank H. Price 

Mr. Robert R. Price 

Dr. Charles R. Propst 

Dr. J. Crayton Pruitr 

Roger K. Quillen 

Mr. 6i Mrs. Benjamin Quinrana 

Mr. PhilipRatlerty 

Mr. Roberr H. Ramsey 

Mr. Louis Regcnsrein Jr. 

Dr. James W. Reinig 

Mr. B. Scott Rich 

Mr.J.A. Riggsjr. 

Mr. Leslie Robinson 

■6 1985-1986 

** Di-cfaseii 

Mr. Richard G. Rosselot 

Mr. C. Robert Ruppenthal 

Mr. Milton Rymanjr. 

Mr. Thomas E. Sandefurjr. 

Henry C. Sawyer 

Patrick M. Scanlon 

Mr. William L.Schafer Jr. 

Mr. Richard M. Schubert 

Mary Leshe Scott 

Mr. Paul B.Scott Jr. 

Dr. Rickard B. Scott 

Virginia M. Scott 

Mr. Robert F. Seaton 

Dr. William). Senter 

Or. Mary Boney Shears 

Mr. William F. Shewey 

Mr.]. E. Shuey 

Dr. D. HalSilco.vJr. 

Mr. Joseph F Simmens 

Mr. G. Ballard Simmons Jr. 

Mr. Warren M. Simsjr. 

Mr.J. H. Skelton 

Mr. B. Franklin Skinner 

Mr. CliftordW. Smith Jr. 

Mr. F DeVere Smith 

Mr. and Mrs. Fred W. Smith 

Mr. Larry D. Smith 

Mr. W. Sam Smith 

Mr. Walter.^. Smith 

Mr. William Gilbert Smith 

Mr. William H. Smith Jr. 

Dr. Samuel R. Spencer Jr. 

Mr. .\lbcrtG. Spiveyjr. 

Mr.WilliamW. St. Clair 

Mrs. M. K. Stamm 

Dr. Chloe Steel 

Mr. Robert B. Studley 

Mr. Joe W. Sullivan Jr. 

Mr. Brian C. Suanson 

Mr. & Mrs. John E. Swink 

Mr. Marion L. Talmadge 

T. Edwin Tharpe 

Mr. &L Mrs. Paul F. Thiele 

Mr. C. E. Thompson 

Dr. & Mrs. W. P Tinkler 

Mr. W. McLean Tippins 

Mr. J. H. Topple 

Dr. JohnV. Torbertjr. 

Mr. Carl J. Tornbom 

Mr. & Mrs. George O. Trabue 

Mr. Charles D. Trawick 

Mrs. Sandra S. Traywick 

Dr. Richard K. Truluckjr. 

Dr. Roy E. Truslow 

Mr. William B.Tye 

Daniel Vargas 

Mr. Manuel Villa\ieja 

Mr. & Mrs. M.B. Wallace Jr. 

Mr. R. P Warnock 

Mr. William M.Watkins II 

Mr. James R.Wells 

Mr. Charles W. West Jr. 

Mr. .'\. Thomas White 

Mr. C.C.White Jr. 

Mr. C.Marlin White 

Mr. William A. White Jr. 

Mr. Peter O.Wibell 

Mr. Carlton E. Wiggins 

Mr. James A. Wilkerson 

Mr. J. Richard Wilkins 

Mr. D. D. Wilkinson 

Mr. James F Williams 

Mr. Thomas R. Williams 

Mr. Michael J. Willis 

Mr. Raymond Willoch 

Mr. Mercer E. Wilson 

Mr. H. Dillon Winshipjr. 

Rev. A. Clark Wiser 

Mr, Albert F Wisner 

Prof. Harry Wistrand 

Penny Rush Wistrand 

Mr. Richard H. Woodlin 

Mr. Paul Woodruff 

Mr. Gerald W. Woods 

Mr. Presley Daniel Yates Jr. 

Mr. David H. Young Jr. 

Mr. & Mrs. W. M. Zarkowsky 

Mr. Michael J. Zimmer 


.Annie Shannon Wiley Preston 


Jean Waring Robson Roonev 


Ida Lee Hill Im: 


Berta Lena David Farrar 


Martha Hall Yaung 
Julia Pratt Smith Slack 


' Annie Tait Jenkins 
Linda Miller Summer 


Mary West Thatcher 


KatherineF. Hay Rouse 
Magara Waldron Crosby 


Agnes Ball 

Jane Harwell Hea:el 
Mary Spotsvvood Payne 
Katharine B. Simpson 


Martha Howard Comer 
Virginia McBee Haugh Franklin 
Mane Stone Florence 
Martha Cobb Whitner Simpson 


** Elizabeth Dimmock Bloodworth 

Lucy Durr Dunn 
** Lois E\'e Ro:ier 
** Julia Ingram Ha::ard 

VernaMcKee Corby 

Annie Silverman Levy 

Frances Sledd Blake 

Lulu Smith Westcotc 

Llewellyn Wilburn 


Margaret Bland Sewell 
Mary L. Dudley Gross 
Julia Loriette Hagood Cuthhertson 
Virginia T. McLaughlin 
Margaret Eva Sanders Brannon 
'^ Mary BeallWeekes Clements 
Rosalind Wutm Council 


Myrtle C. Blackmon 
Ida Louise Britrain Patterson 
Marjorie Busha Haley 
** Lois Compton Jennings 
Virginia Fish Tigner 
Eli:aheth Floding Morgan 
Sophie Louise Hagedorn Fox 
Helen W- Hall Hopkins 
MeU'ille Jameson 
Anna Marie Landress Cate 
Ruth Laughon Dyer 
jean McAlister McAlister 
Charlotte Newton 
Edith N.Roark Van Sickle 
Julia Elizabeth Tomlinson Ingram 
E\'elyn Hope Wade Harwood 
Marguerite Watkins Goodman 
Ellen Gamete Wilson Chambliss 


Agnes Maude Adams Stokes 
Sarah Alston Lawton 
Eleanor Buchanan Starcher 
Cama Burgess Clarkson 
Helen Burkhalter Quattlebaum 
Lady Blanche Hearring Wilbur 

Mary Catherine McKinney Barker 
Ruth Scandrett Hardy 
Louie Dean Stephens Markcy 
** Laurie Belle Stuhbs Johns 
Alice Whipple Lyons 
Frances A. White Weem;. 


Margaret Frieda Brenner Awtrey 
Lucile Eileen Dodd Sams 
Maud Foster Stehler 
Quenelle Harrold Sheffield 
Viola Holhs Oakley 
Lillian Tracy Kirhy Lewis 
Jane Marcia Knight Lowe 
Hazel Lamar Starnes 
Lucile Little Morgan 
K>sephine Logan Hamilton 
Elizabeth L. McClure McGeachy 
Martha Mcintosh Nail 
Susye Margaret Minis Lazenby 
Elizabeth Washington Molloy Horr 
Lillian Virginia Moore Rice 
Fredeva Stokes Osletree 
Sara Elizabeth Ransom Hahn 
Jessie Watts Rustin 
Margaret Yeager Brackney 



Attie Alford 

Grace Ola Bargeron Ramho 

Ida Bearden Forehand 

Sara Brandon Rickey 

Helen Lane Comfort Sanders 

Martha Nancy Eakes Matthews 

Eunice Evans Brownlee 

Emmie B. Ficklen Harper 

Sarah Elizabeth Flowers Beasley 

Mary Frances Gilliland Stukes 

Selma Gordon Furman 

Ann E. Hatton Lewis 

Elizabeth Henry Shands 

** Kate Higgs Vaughan 
Victoria Howie Kerr 
Eliza Barron Hyatt Morrow 
Corinne Jackson Wilkerson 
Marguerite C. Lindsey Booth 
Margaret McDow MacDougall 
Sara McDowell Joiner 
Charlotte Boyd McMurray 
Edna Arnetta McMurry Shadburn 
Annie Will Miller Klugh 
Cora Frazer Morton Durrett 
Pauline Murphy Gradick 
Weenona Peck Booth 
Lucy Merle Rhyne Walker 
Cora L- Richardson 
Polly Stone Buck 
Mary Augusta Thomas Lanier 
Helen Vinnedge Wright Smith 


Sarah Caldwell Bond Wilder 

Lulawill Brown Ellis 

Mary Brown Campbell 

Louise Ryman Buchanan Proctor 

Mary P. Caldwell McFarland 

Catherine Elva Carrier Robinson 

Elizabeth Cheatham Palmer 

Agatha Deaver Bradley 

Josephine Douglass Smith 

Frances Gardner Welton 

Lucile Gause Fryxell 

Alice Carolyn Greenlee Crollman 

Gertrude Henry Stephens 

Sallie Elizabeth Horton Lay 

Margaret Leyburn Hyatt Walker 

Mary Keesler Dalton 

Eunice Kell Simmons 

Georgia May Little Owens 

Martha Lin Manly Hogshead 

Anne LeConte McKay Mitchell 

Mary Ann McKinney 

Harriet Pade Prouse 

Eugenia Walton Perkins Harlow 

Julia F. Pope 

Ruth Pund McCanless 

Margaret Frances Rogers Law 
Eh:jbeth Shaw McClamroch 
Ann Rebecca Shivc Rice 
Carolyn McLean Smith Whipple 
Ella Blanton Smith Hayes 
Emily Ann Spivey Simmons 
Sarah Tate Tumtin 
Memory Tucker Merritt 
Mary Belle Walker 
Virginia Watts Beals 
Frances White 
Pocahontas Wight Edmunds 
Mary Ben Wright Erwin 


Helen Bates Law 

Eleanor Berger Blumenthal 

Virginia Grace BouneWhitton 

Esther Byers Pitts 

Katharine Cannaday McKenzie 

Edyth Carpenter Shuey 

Elizabeth J. Chapman Pirkle 

Edythe N. Coleman Paris 

Mary Ellen Colyer 

Mary Frances Conner Blackmon 

Louisa D. Duls 

Genel. Dumas Vickers 

Ellen Ramey Fain Bowen 

Edith Gilchrist Berry 

Juanita Greer White 


Charlotte Anna Higgs Andrews 

Anne Hubbard Lee 

Hazel Marcella Hutf Monaghan 

Martha Ivey Farrell 

Mary Elizabeth Knox Happoldt 

Dessie Gray Kuhlke Ansley 

Elizabeth Little Meriwether 

Catherine Slover Mock Hodgin 

Elizabeth Heidt Moore Kester 

Josephine Gardner North Eggleston 

Grace Augusta Ogden Moore 

Virginia Peeler Green 

Florence Elizabeth Perkins Ferry 

Louise Pfeitter Ringel 

Addie Pharr Story 

Allene Ramage FitzGerald 

Ethel Reece Redding Niblack 

Nellie B. Richardson 

Susan Shadhurn Watkins 

Sarah Qumn Slaughter 

Elizabeth Snow Tilly 

Evelyn Sprinkle Carter 

Margaret Stovall 

Margaret E. Whitington Davis 

Virginia Wing Power 

Rosalie Wootten Deck 


Evelyn Albright Caldwell 

Reba Bayless Boyer 

Maurine Bledsoe Bramlett 

Josephine Bndgman 

Adelaide Cannady Van Voorhies 

Annette Carter Colwell 

Dorothy Chamberlain 

Susan Evans Clayton Fuller 

Lillian Clement Adams 

Willie May Coleman Duncan 

Mildred Cowan Wright 

Martha Crowe Eddins 

Mabel Dumas Crenshaw 

Margaret Edmondson Noonan 

Emille Louise Ehrlich Strasburger 

Mary Reed Ferguson Day 

Frances Freeborn Pauley 

Katharine King Gilliland Higgins 

Venie Belle Grant Jones 

Mary Elizabeth Heath Phillips 

Mary Rebekah Hednck 

Martha Elizabeth Henderson Palmer 

Ann Heys Buchanan 

Katherine Houston Sheild 

Mae Erskine Irvine Fowler 

Maude Jackson Padgett 

Martha Caldwell Johnston Jones 

Lelta Barnes joiner Cooper 

Ida Landau Sherman 

Anne Ehzaheth Lilly Swedenberg 
Louise Lovejoy Jackson 
Frances Lamar Lowe Connel! 
Ehzaheth Lynn Lynn 
Eii:aheih McCallie Snoots 
Caroline McKinney Clarice 
Pauline McLeod Logue 
Ruth McMillan Jones 
Mildred Anne Morrow Renn 
Elizabeth Nortleet Miller 
Miriam Preston St. Clair 
Douglass Evans Rankin Hughes 
May Reece Forman 
Virginia Love Sevier Hanna 
Mamie Shaw Flack 
Mary Shive 
Emily W. Stead 
Edith Strickland Jones 
Elizabeth Vary 
•* Mary Clinch Weems Rogers 
Courtney Wilkinson 
Roberta Winter 
Mary Louise Woodard Clifton 


Leila Warren Anderson 
Miriam L. Anderson Dowdy 
S. Virginia Carrier 
Patricia H. Collins Dwinnell 
Lucy Mai Cook Means 
Mary Cunningham Cayce 
Betsey Davidson Smith 
Mary Ray Dobyns Houston 
Madelaine Dunseith Alston 
Carolyn Essig Frederick 
Hattie Gershcow Hirsch 
Sara Louise Girardeau Cook 
** Muriel Gnffm 
Rachel Henderlite 
Mary Mackey Hough Clark 
Alice Louise Hunter Rasnake 
Hilda Kalmon Slager 
Katherine MacLaurin MacKinnon 

Mary Bell McConkey Taylor 
Elizabeth McEntire 
Gwendolyn McKinnon Oliver 
Mary Virginia Miller Johnson 
Lilla Mills Hawes 
Evangeline T. Papagcorge 
Lila Porcher German 
Martha Doane Riley Stephenson 
Elizabeth Roark Ellington 
Mary W. Shepherd Soper 
Mary Elizabeth Shewmaker 
Mary Elizabeth Stegall Scipp 
Ruth Thomas Stemmons 
Edna Volberg Johnson 
Georgia Watson Craven 
Nancy Elizabeth Williams Arrington 


Margaret Andreae Collins 

Gladys Ruth Austin Mann 

Therese Barksdale Vinsonhaler 

Lillie Ruth Belhngrath Pruitt 

LaRue Berry Smith 

Virginia Branch Leslie 

Lucile Ham Bndgman Leitch 

Miriam Broach Jordon 

Hazel Brown Ricks 

Bettina Bush Jackson 

Virginia Cameron Taylor 

Dorothy Cheek Callaway 

Sara Margaret Douglass Thomas 

Mary Ellis Knapp 

Nancy Elizabeth Fitzgerald Bray 

Ethel Freeland Darden 

Lenore Shelley Gardner McMillan 

Betty Watkins Gash 

Elise McLaunn Gibson 

Alice Glenn Lowry 

Marion Rosalind Green Johnston 

Amanda L. Groves 

Elizabeth Hatchett 

Cara Hinman 

Ella May Hollingsworth Wilkerson 


Katherine Huncer Branch 

Durorhy Hiirron Mount 

Sara Johnston Hill 

Evelyn Josephs Phifer 

Isabel Jean Lamont Dickson 

Geraldine LeMay 

Isahellc Leonard Spearman 

Mary Lou McCall Reddoch 

Eugenia McDonald Brown 

Edith McGranahan Smith T 

Elinore Morgan McComh 

Julia Mulliss Wyer 

Esther Nishet Anderson 

Eleanor Lee Norris MacKinnon 

Susan Lovick Pierce Murray 

Letty Pope Prewitt 

Mary Prim Fowler 

Mary Warren Read 

Esther Rice 

Helen Ridley Hartley 

Augusta Winn Roberts 

Sarah McDonald Robinson Sharp 

Martha Selman Jacobs 

Sally Southerland 

Mary Gladys Steffner Stephenson 

Violet Weeks Miller 

Frances G. Welsh 

Sara Frances Wimbish Reed 

Effie Mae Winslow Taylor 

Katherine Woodbury Williams 

Ruth Worth 

Lillian Wurm Cousins 


Pauline Francis Adkins Clark 
Walterette Arwood Tanner 
Louise Baker Knight 
Mane Baker Shumaker 
Eleanor Bonham Deex 
M. Ruth Bradford Crayton 
Elizabeth Herr:og Branch Johnson 
Frances Persons Brown Milton 
Mary Brown Armstrong 
Emily E. Campbell Boland 
Lucille Coleman Christian 
Lilian Opie Cook McFarland 
Mary Cope Sweat 
Gladney Cureton 
Clarene H. Dorsey 
Cleniinette Downing Rurenber 
Anne Ehrlich Solomon 
Alice Louise Garretson Bolles 
lone Gueth Brodmerkel 
lane Bailey Hall Hefner 
PullvB. Hall Dunn 
Alice Jerniqan Dowling 
Leila Carlton Jones Bunkley 
Katherine Leary Holland 
** June Eli:abeth Maloney Officer 
Sarah Neely Marsh Shapard 
Mary McCallie Ware 
Ruth Carolyn McLean Wright 
Frances Messer Jettries 
Maine Blanche Miller Rigby 
Edna Lynn Motire Hardy 
Emily Paula Moore Couch 
Margaret Ogden Stewart 
Shannon Preston Cumming 
Lillian Adair Russell McBath 
Nancy Simpson Porter 
Dorothy Daniel Smith 
Martha Stackhouse Grafton 
Sara Townsend Pittman 
Mary P. Trammell 
Ellen Louise WarheldTull 
Crystal Hope Wellborn Gregg 
Pauline Willoughby Wood 
Raemond Wilson Craig 
Missouri Tiylor Wiiolford Raine 


Adelc Taylor Arbuckle Logan 
Margaret Askew Smith 
Laura Mornson Brown Logan 
Sara L. Bullock 

Minnier Eleanor Castles Osteen 
Molly Childress Yarbrough 
Marjorie Louise Daniel Cole 
Ellen McDowell Davis Laws 

Helen Duke Ingram 

M. Ruth Etheredge Griffin 

Marion Fielder Martin 

Helen A. Friedman Blackshear 

Jean Grey Morgan 

Carolyn Heyman Germain 

Sarah Dumond Hill Brown 

Octavia Aubrey Howard Smith 

Anne Chapin Hudson Hankins 

EliseC. Jones 

Marian Corinne Lee Hind 

Anne Elt:abeth McCallie 

Shirley McPhaul Whitfield 

Katherine Morrow Norem 

Estelle Moye 

Fanny Willis Niles Bolton 

Ruth Petty Pnngle Pipkin 

Katharine Purdie 

Alice Houston Quarles Henderson 

Jeannette Shaw Harp 

Elizabeth Simpson Wilson 

Elizabeth King Smith Crew 

Harriet Smith 

Martha Sprinkle Rafferty 

Mary Sprinkle Allen 

LaeliusStallings Davis 

Cornelia Taylor Stubbs 

Julia Thompson Smith 

Agnes Thorne Henderson 

Martha Tower Dance 

Cornelia Wallace 

Annee Zillah Watson Reitt 

Martha North Watson Smith 

Margaret G. Weeks 


Virginia M Allen Wiiods 

Catherine Baker Evans 

Lela Maude Boyles Smith 

M. Varnelle Braddy Perryman 

Penelope H. Brown Barnett 

Margaret Louise Deaver 

Mary Effie Elliot 

C. Elizabeth Estes Carter 

Grace Fincher Trimble 

Susan Love Glenn 

Nora Garth Gray Hall 

VirginiaJ. Gray Pruitt 

Ruth Conant Green 

Sara Hollis Baker 

Anne Pleasants Hopkins Ayres 

Elizabeth Howard Reeves 

Alma Eraser Howerton Hughes 

Imogene Hudson Cullinan 

Elizabeth Hughes Jackson 

Pansey Elizabeth Kimble Matthews 

Martha Myers Logan Henderson 

Margaret Johnson Maness Mixon 

Louise McDaniel Musser 

Mary Surton Miller Brown 

Lila Rose Norfleet Davis 

Mimi O'Beirne Tarplee 

Mary Claire Oliver Cox 

Saxon Pope Bargeron 

Jane Pnscilla Reed Stock 

Margaret Catherine Ridgely Jordan 

Sara Lane Smith Pratt 

Louise Howard Stakely 

Nell Starr Gardner 

JuraTaffar Cole 

Velma Love Taylor Wells 

Miriam Thompson Felder 

Martine Tuller Joyner 

Martha Williamson Riggs 

Diana Dyer Wilson 

S. Lovelyn Wilson Heyward 

Sarah Louise Winslow Taft 

Louise Lamar Wise Teatord 


Helen Page Ackerman 
Mary Charles Alexander Parker 
Maude Armstrong Hudson 
Bernice Beaty Cole 
Evelyn Campbell Beale 
Josephine Clark Fleming 
Sarah D. Cooper Freyer 
Ora Craig Sruckey 
Frances Duke Pughsley 

Margaret Amelia Ellis Pierce 

Helen Etheredge Griffin 

May Belle Evans 

Winona Ewbank Covington 

Mary Felts Steedman 

Julia Finley McCutchen 

Mary Lillian Garretson 

Margaret Glass Womeldorf 

E. Virginia Heard Feder 

Lucile Heath McDonald 

Anne Hudmon Reed 

Mary Hudmon Simmons 

Margaret Jones Clark 

Roberta B. Kilpatrick Stubblebine 

Florence Kieybecker Keller 

Caroline Lmgle Lester 

Margaret Loran: 

Mildred Miller Davis 

Elisabeth Moore Ambrose 

Eulalia Napier Sutton 

Gail Nelson Blain 

Frances Oglesby Hills 

M. Gilchrist Powell Shirley 

LaTrelle Robertson Duncan 

Mary Louise Robinson Black 

Letitia Rockmore Nash 

Laura Spivey Massie 

Mary Sturtevant Cunningham 

Marlyn Elizabeth Tate Lester 

Margaret Telford St. Amant 

Johnnie Frances Turner Melvin 

Rosalind Ware Blackard 

Sarah Martha Watson Emery 

Annie Laurie Whitehead Young 

Katharine Woltz Fannholt 

Lucile Woodbury R.inck 


Frances Eugenia Alexander Riis^fil 
Sarah Austin Zorn 
Ruth Henrietta Barnett Kaye 
Alae Risse Barron Leitch 
Helen Boyd McConnell 
Nelle S. Chamlee Howard 
Pauline Cureton Perry 
Violet Denton West 
Mary Dexter Boyd 
Martha B. Elliott 
Martha England Gunn 
Pauline Gordon Woods 
Lucy Goss Herbert 
Jean Frances Gould Clarke 
Sybil A. Grant 

Mary Dunbar Grist Whitehead 
Elinor Hamilton Hightower 
Mary Carter Hamilton McKnight 
Elizabeth P. Harbison Edmgton 
Elaine Faith Heckle Carmichael 
Lillian Louise Herring Rosas 
Margaret Hippee Lehmann 
Elizabeth Johnson Thompson 
Marguerite Jones Love 
Edith Kendrick Osmanski 
Louella Jane MacMillan Tritchler 
Anna Kathryn Maness Nelson 
Louise McCain Boyce 
Mary McDonald Sledd 
** Carrie Lena McMullen Bright 
Ruth Moore Randolph 
Sara Karr Moore Cathey 
Martha Frances Norman 
Frances Mildred O'Brien 
M, Reba Pearson Kaemper 
Hyta Plowden Mederer 
Dorothy Potts Lavendol 
Gladys Moselle Pratt Entrican 
Florence Preston Bockhorst 
Virginia F. Prettyman 
Charlotte Reid Herlihy 
Laura E. Ross Venning 
A. Louise Schuessler Patterson 
Mary Louise Schuman Barth 
Ruth Shippey Austin 
Rosa Shuey Burgess 
Martha Skeen Gould 
Mary Sloan Laird 
Rudene Taffar Young 
Mabel Taimage 
Virginia Lee Tillotson Hutcheson 

Marjorie Emily Tindall Clark 
Mary Buford Tinder Kyle 
Tennessee Tipton Butler 
Martha Van Schelven Hill 
Eleanor Luella Williams Knox 
Bella Wilson Lewis 
Johnnie Mae York Rumble 


Mary T. Adams 

Elizabeth Call Alexander Higgtns 

Eleanor Alien Mize 

Martha Allen Barnes 

Dorothea Blackshear Brady 

Marian Calhoun Murray 

Jennie Champion Nardin 

Virginia Coons Clanton 

Mary Lillian Deason 

Fidesah Edwards Alexander 

Frances Espy Smith 

Willie Florence Eubanks Donehoo 

Betty G. Fountain Edwards 

Jane Goodwin Harbin 

Carol Howe Griffin Scoville 

Anne Scott Harman Mauldin 

Katherine Hertzka 

Betty Lou Houck Smith 

Anna Humber Little 

Josphine Sibley Jennings Brown 

Caroline Long Sanford 

Frances McCalla Ingles 

Clara McConnell 

Marguerite Morris Saunder> 

Clara Morrison Backer 

Nina Parke Hopkins 

Wilberta Aileen Parker Sibley 

Martha Redwine Rountree 

Grace Robinson Hanson 

Sybil Rogers Herren 

Mane Simpson Rutland 

Mary Zachry Thompson 

Elizabeth Thrasher Baldwin 

Susan Turner White 

Laura L- Whitner Dorsey 

Jacqueline Wooltolk Mathes 

Elizabeth Young Hubbard 


The Class of W3b 
Catherine W Bates 
Mary Beasley White 
Jane Blair Roberson 
Jane Blick Meatyard 
Margaret Brand Haynie 
Meriel Bull Mitchell 
Elizabeth Burson Wilson 
Floyd Butler Goodson 
Alice Chamlee Booth 
Mildred Clark Sargent 
Carolyne Clements Logue 
Margaret Cooper Williams 
Naomi Cooper Gale 
Sara Cureton Prowell 
Florrie Lee Erh Bruton 
Sara Frances Estes 
Mary Estelle Freeman Harris 
Lira Carol Goss Conrad 
Emily Gower Maynard 
Lilian Grimson Obligado 
Helen Handte Morse 
Lucie Hess Gienger 
Jean Hicks Pitts 
Marjorie Hollingsworth 
Satah Eunice Hooren Evans 
Mary Lyon Hull Gibbes 
Ruby Hutton Barron 
Frances James Donohue 
Ori Sue Jones Jordan 
Louise Jordan Turner 
Augusta Clayton King Brumby 
Gretchen Kieybecker Chandler 
Carrie Phinney Latimer Duvall 
Sara Lawrence Lawrence 
Kathryn Leipold Johnson 
Gertrude Lozier Hutchinson 
Ann Bernard Martin 
Alice McCallie Pressly 
Josephine McClure Anderson 

Sarah Frances McDonald 
Dean McKoin Bushong 
Frances Miller Felts 
Rosa Miller Barnes 
Sadie Frances Morrow Hughes 
Sarah Nichols Judge 
Mary Richardson Gauthier 
Evelyn Robertson Jarman 
Reba Frances Rogers Griffith 
Mary Alice Shelton Felt 
Margaret Louise Smith Bowie 
Mary Snow Seigler 
Sarah Spencer Gramling 
Adelaide Stevens Ware 
Emma Ava Stokes Johnson 
Mary Margaret Stowe Hunter 
Cary Strickland Home 
Willie Lou Sumrall Bengston 
Eugenia Symms Kagy 
Miriam Taimage Vann 
Jane Thomas Tilson 
Marie Townsend 
Sarah Turner Ryan 
Virginia Turner Graham 
Mary Vines Wright 
Mary Walker Fox 
Ann Carolyn White Burrill 
Nell White Larsen 
Irene Wilson Neister 
" Catherine Wood LeSourd 
Martha Hall Young Bell 


Eloisa Alexander LeConte 

Lucile Barnett Mirman 

Frances Belford Olsen 

Edith Belser Wearn 

Louise Brown Smith 

Millicent Caldwell Jones 

Virginia Caldwell Payne 

Frances Cary Taylor 

Cornelia Christie Johnson 

Ann Cox Williams 

Lucile Dennison Keenan 

Jane Estes 

Michelle Furlow Oliver 

Annie Laura Galloway Phillips 

Alice Hannah Brown 

Fannie B. Harris Jones 

Barbara Hertwig Meschter 

Ruth Hunt Little 

Dorothy Jester 

Martha Josephine Johnson 

Mary Landrum Johnson Tornbom 

Sarah Johnson Linney 

Catharine Jones Malone 

Molly Lafon Jones Monroe 

Mary King Critchell 

Jean Frances Kirkpatrick Cobb 

Martha Sue Laney Redus 

Florence Lasseter Rambo 

Vivienne Long McCain 

Mary Malone Martin 

Mary Catherine Matthews Starr 

Isabel McCain Brown 

Frances McDonald Moore 

Wiia Lee Moreland Padgett 

Ora Muse 

Mary Alice Newton Bishop 

Mary E. Perry Houston 

Brooks Spivey Greedy 

Marie Sralker Smith 

Frances Cornelia Steele Garrett 

Vivienne Elizabeth Trice Anslev 

Evelyn Wall Robbins 

Lillian Whuehurst Corbett 

Betty Gordon Wilhs Whitehead 

Frances Wilson Hurst 


Nell Allison Sheldon 
Nettie Mae Austin Kelley 
Dorothy Avery Newton 
Louise Bailey White 
Genevieve Baird Farris 
Mary Alice Baker Lown 
Josephine Rose Bertolli Abbissinio 
Elizabeth Blackshear Flinn 


'" '^'■''■'"■^'' 

Kathcrine Bnrringham Hunter 
Martha Peek Brown Miller 
Gene Caldwell Miller 
Frances E. Castlcberry 
jean Askew Chalmers Smith 
Eliiaheth Cousins Morley 
Margaret Douglas Link 
Doris Dunn Si. Clair 
Goudvloch Erwin Dyer 
Mary Lillian Fairly Hupper 
Mary Myrtice Ford LallersreJt 
Anna Katherine Fulton Wilson 
Mary Eli:abeth Galloway Blount 
Martha Alice Green Earle 
Hihernia Hassell Cuthhert 
Ruth Hcrtzka 

Sarah Pauline Hoyle Ncvin 
Winifred Kellersherger Vass 
Dorothy Lee Kelly Wood 
Ola Little Kelly Ausley 
Mary Anne Kcrnan 
Laura Frances Lee 
Margaret Ltpscomb Martin 
Ellen Little Lesesne 
Jeanne Matthews Darlington 
Ursula Mayer von Tessin 
Betty Ann Maynard McKinney 
Elizabeth McCord Lawler 
LettieW. McKay Van Landingham 
Gwendolyn McKee Bays 
I.icquelyn McWhite James 
Bertha Moore Merrill Holt 
Nancy Moorer Cantey 
Margaret Morrison Blumberg 
Frances Robinson Gabbert 
Gladys Sue Rogers Brown 
Joyce Roper McKey 
Mary Venetia Smith Bryan 
Grace Tazewell Flowers 

Anne Claiborne Thompson Rose 
Mary Nell TnbbleBeasley 
jane Turner Smith 
Ellen Verner Scoville 
Elizabeth Warden Marshall 
Ella Virginia Watson Logan 
Zoe Wells Lambert 
Elsie West Duval 
Georgianne Wheaton Bower 
Margaret Osborne Wright Rankm 
Louise Young Garrett 


Mary Rice Allen Reding 

Caroline Armisread Clapp 

Elizabeth Auberry Granger 

Bottv Aycock Dorris 

jean Bailey Owen 

Ethelyn Boswell Purdie 

Rachel Campbell Gibson 

Lelia Carson Watlington 

Alice Cheeseraan 

Mildred Coit Gates 

Sarah Joyce Cunningham Carpenter 

Catherine Farrar Davis 

Charlotte French Hightower 

Elizabeth Furlow Brown 

Dorothy Graham Gilmer 

Mary Frances Guthrie Brooks 

Eleanor T Hall 

Jane Moore Hamilton Ray 

Emily Harris Swanson 

Mary Hollingsworth Hatlield 

Cora Kay Hutchins Blackwelder 

Katherine Jones Smith 

Kathleen Kennedy Dibble 

Elizabeth Kenney Knight 

Virginia Kyle Dean 

Dorothy Nell Lazenby Stipe 

Emily Hall MacMorland Wood 

Ella Hunter Mallard Ninestein 

Martha Marshall Dykes 

Emma Moftett McMullen Doom 

Mary Wells McNeill 

Mane Merritt Rollins 

Helen Moses Regenstein 

Mary Elizabeth Moss Sinback 

Mary Ruth Murphy Chesnutt 

Carolyn Myers King 

Amelia Nickels Calhoun 
Lou Pate Jones 
Mamie Lee RatlitfFinger 
Jeanne Wilson Redwine Davis 
Bette Sams Daniel 
Hayden Santord Sams 
Mary Elizabeth Shepherd Green 
Aileen Shortley Talley 
Helen N. Simpson Callaway 
Beryl Spooner Broome 
Dorothy Still Freeman 
Mary Frances Thompson 
Virginia Tumlin Gutfin 
Elinor Tyler Richardson 
Elizabeth Wheatley Malone 
Mary Ellen Whetsell Timmons 
Cornelia Whitner Campbell 
Dixie Woodford Scanling 


Frances Abbot Burns 
Betty Alderman Vinson 
Carolyn Alley Peterson 
Grace Anderson Cooper 
Shirley Armentrout Kirven 
Carrie Gene Ashley 
Margaret Barnes Carey 
Evelyn Baty Christman 
Marguerite Baum Muhlenfeld 
Marjorie Boggs Lovelace 
Anna Margaret Bond Brannon 
Mary Virginia Brown Cappleman 
Ruth Ann Byerley Vaden 
Helen Gates Carson 
Ernestine Cass Dickerson 
Elizabeth Davis Johnston 
Lillie Belle Drake Hamilton 
Anne Enloe 
Carolyn Forman Piel 
Annette Franklin King 
Marian Franklin Anderson 
Harriet Fuller Baker 
Mary Lang Gill Olson 
Florence J. Graham 
Wilma Griffith Clapp 
MaryT. Heaslett Badger 
Bryant Holsenbeck Moore 
Margaret Hopkins Martin 
E. Gary Home Petrey 
Georgia Hunt Elsberry 
Eleanor Hutchens 
Mildred Joseph Colyer 
Jane D. Knapp Spivey 
Sally Matthews Blxter 
Eloise McCall Guyton 
Mary Virginia McPhaul Blumer 
Virginia McWhorter Freeman 
Virginia Milner Carter 
Sophie Montgomery Crane 
Mary Frances Moore Culpepper 
Nell Moss Roberts 
Beth Paris Moremen 
Katherine Patton Carssow 
Irene Phillips Richardson 
Nell Pinner Wisner 
Mary Reins Burge 
Isabella Robertson White 
Jane Salters Chapman 
Ruth Slack Roach 
Harriet Stimson Davis 
Peggy Stixrud McCutchen 
Edith Stover McFee 
Mary Mac Templeton Brown 
Emilie Thomas Gibson 
Henrietta Thompson Wilkinson 
Emily Underwood Gault 
Grace Ward Anderson 
Violet Jane Watkins 
Willomette Williamson Stauffer 


Frances Alston Lewis 

Mary Stuart Arbuckle Osteen 

Ruth Ashburn Kline 

Mary Elizabeth Barrett Alldredge 

Miriam Bedinger Williamson 

Katherine Benetield Bartlett 

Neena Broughton Gaines 

Sabine Brumby Korosy 

G. Gentry Burks Bielaski 

Harriette Cochran Mershon 

Virginia Collier Dennis 

Freda Copeland Hotlman 

Virginia Corr White 

Doris Dalton Crosby 

Jean E. Dennison Brooks 

Martha Dunn Kerby 

Ethelyn Dyar L")aniel 

Florence Ellis Gifford 

Louise Claire Franklin Livingston 

Caroline Wilson Gray Truslow 

Nancy Joy Gribble Nelson 

Florrie Margaret Guy Funk 

Sarah G. Handley 

Helen Hardie Smith 

Edith Henegar Bronson 

Ann Henry 

Aileen Kasper Borrish 

Elizabeth D. Kendrick Woolford 

Helen Klugh McRae 

Julia Neville Lancaster 

Alice Rose Lance McAtee 

Sara Lee Jackson 

Margaret Lentz Slicer 

Anne Foxworth Martin Elliott 

Julia Elizabeth McConnell Park 

Margaret H. McGanty Green 

Anna Louise Meiere Culver 

Marjorie Merlin Cohen 

Martha Moody Laseter 

Margaret Murchison Rudel 

Mary Louise Musser Kell 

Valgerda Nielson Dillard 

Margaret Nix Ponder 

Sarah Frances Parker Lawton 

Pattie Patterson Johnson 

Marian Philips Comento 

Sue Phillips Morgan 

Georgia Poole Hollis 

Elta Robinson Posey 

Laura Sale McDonell 

Lillian Schwencke Cook 

Susan Moore Self Teat 

Beatrice Shamos Albert 

Gene Slack Morse 

Nma May Snead De Montmollin 

Frances Spratlin Hargrett 

Elizabeth Stevenson 

Gay Swagerty Guptill 

Dorothy Travis Joyner 

Tommay Turner Peacock 

Ida Jane Vaughan Price 

Elizabeth Alden Waitt White 

Grace Walker Winn 

Cornelia Anne Watson Prueit 

Mary Scott Wilds Hill 

Nancy Willstatter Gordon 

Mary Madison Wisdom 

Margaret Woodhead Holley 


Mary Rebekah Andrews McNeill 
Elizabeth Davidson Bradfield 

Betty Ann Brooks 
Martha Buffalow Davis 
Edwina Burrus Rhodes 
Harriett Caldwell Maxwell 
Anne Chambless Bateman 
Elizabeth Clarkson Shearer 
Sarah Copeland Little 
Gay Wilson Currie Fox 
Edith Dale Lindsey 
Mary Powell Davis Bryant 
Mary Dale Drennan Hicks 
Susan Dyer Oliver 
Margaret Erwin Walker 
Virginia Franklin Miller 
Lillian GishAlfriend 
Margery Gray Wheeler 
Kathryn Greene Gunter 
Margaret Kirby Hamilton Rambo 
Julia Harry Bennett 
Margaret Hartsook Emmoni 
Doris Henson Vaughn 
Frances Hinton 
Neva Lawrence Jackson Webb 
Elizabethjenkins Willis 

Mary Kirkpatrick Reed 
Jeanne Lee Butt 
Ila Belle Levie Bagwell 
Caroline Gertrude Long Armstrong 
Mary Mildred McQuown Wynne 
Susanna McWhorter Reckard 
Betty Medlock Clark 
Virginia Montgomery McCall 
Dorothy Nabers Allen 
Elise Nance Bridges 
Betty Nash Story 
Jeanne Osborne Shaw 
Mary Louise Palmour Barber 
Julia A. Patch Diehl 
S. Louise Pruitf Jones 
Clementina Ransom Louis 
Betty Robertson Schear 
Evelyn Saye Williams 
Helen Schukraft Sutherland 
Edith Schwartz Joel 
Mary Seagle Edelblut 
Myrtle Seckinger Lightcap 
Margaret Sheftall Chester 
Marjorie Simpson Ware 
E. Elise Smith Bischoff 
Rebecca L. Stamper 
Eleanor Jane Stillwell Espy 
Jane Taylor White 
** Mary Olive Thomas 
Frances Tucker Johnson 
M. Virginia Watkins Johansen 
Alta Webster Payne 
Dorothy Ellen Webster Woodruff 
Myree Elizabeth Wells Maas 
Olivia White Cave 
Annie Wilds McLeod 


Emily Anderson Hightower 
Mary Anne Atkins Paschal 
Mary Jane Auld Linker 
Mamie Sue Barker Woolf 
Betty F, Bates Fernandez 
Anna Branch Black Hansell 
Mary Blakemore Johnston 
Lillian P Boone Ridley 
Mary Carolyn Brock Williams 
Swanna Elizabeth Henderson 

Flora Campbell McLain 
Alice W. Clements Shinall 
Mary Ann Cochran Abbott 
Joella Craig Good 
Laura Gumming Northey 
Martha Dale Moses 
Jane Dinsmore Lowe 
Betty DuBoseSkiles 
Jeanne Eakin Salyer 
Anne Fnerson Smoak 
Nancy Green Carmichael 
Susan Guthrie Fu 
Helen Haden Hale Lawton 
Dorothy Holloran Addison 
Mardia Hopper Brown 
Sally Sue Howe Bell 
Imogene Hunt King Stanley 
Mary Littlepage Lancaster 

Leona Leavitt Walker 
Sterly Lebey Wilder 
BennyeLinzy Sadler 
Mary Estill Martin Rose 
Marna Rose McGarraugh Cupp 
Dorothy Nash Daniel 
Anne Paisley Boyd 
Betty Pegram Sessoms 
Patricia Elizabeth Perry Reiss 
Macie Laura Pickrell Bush 
Frances Radford Mauldin 
Hannah Lee Reeves 
Catherine Bizzell Roberts Shanks 
Ruby Rosser Davis 
Clara Rountree Couch 
Caroline Lebby Smith Hassell 
Helen Virginia Smith Woodward 
Aileen Still Hendley 
Regina P. Stokes Barnes 
Mabel Stowe Query 
Mary Elizabeth Ward Danielson 

Barbara E. WilberGerland 
Katherine Wilkinson Orr 
Katherine Wright Philips 


Ellen Arnold Coitrell 
Bettyc Ashcraft Senter 
Betty Bacon Skinner 
Mary Ann Barfield Bloodworth 
Zelda Loryea Barnett Morrison 
Virginia Barr McFarland 
Louise Clare Bedingcr Baldwin 
Claire Bennett Kelly 
Marqueritc Bless Mclnnis 
Mary Bloxton English 
Louise Breedin Griffiths 
Mary Carr Townscnd 
Margaret Elizabeth Cathcart 

Jean Clarkson Rogers 
Frances Margaret Cook Crowley 
Barbara Jane Daniels 
Agnes Douglas Kuentzel 
Mary Louise Duffee Philips 
Anna Young Eagan Goodhue 
Elizabeth Edwards Wilson 
Sara Florence 
Mary Pauline Garvin Keen 
Julia Harvard Warnock 
Catherine Stewart Kollock 

June Lanier Wagner 
Martha Ray Lasseter Storey 
May Lyons Collins 
Lois Annette Martin Busby 
Mary Florence McKee Anderson 
Aurie Montgomery Miller 
Jessie Newbold Kennedy 
Betty Scott Noble 
Katherine Eleanor Philips Long 
Margaret Clisby Powell Flowers 
Virginia Reynolds McKittrick 
Anne Sale Weydert 
Marjorie Smith Stephens 
Anna Katherine Sullivan Huffmaster 
Katherine Thompson Mangum 
Johnnie MaeTippen 
Marjorie Tippins Johnson 
Martha Trimble Wapensky 
Nell Gardiner Turner Spettel 
Betty J. Vecsey 
Mary Frances Walker Blount 
Mary E. Walker 
Mary Cromer Walker Scott 
Betty C. Williams Stoffel 
Oneida Wooltord 


Ruth Anderson Stall 
Mary Barbara Azar Maloof 
Carol Anne Barge Mathews 
Mildred Beman Stegall 
Anabel Bleckley Donaldson 
Elizabeth Blincoe Edge 
Frances BrougherGarman 
Ann Campbell Hulett 
Betty Campbell Wiggins 
Elizabeth Carpenter Bardin 
Emma Virginia Carter Caldwell 
Marjorie Cole Kelly 
Hansell Cousar Palme 
Mary Gumming Fitzhugh 
Lillian Mae Dalton Miller 
Elizabeth Daniel Owens 
Harriette Daugherty Howard 
Elizabeth Davis Shingler 
Mary Anne Derry Triplett 
Ruth DoggettTodd 
Polly Greene Drinnon Lance 
Anne Equen Ballard 
Pauline Ert: Wechsler 
Jane Everett Kntjx 
Elizabeth Farmer Gaynor 
Joyce Freeman Marting 
Barbara Frink Allen 
Elizabeth Glenn Stow 
Elizabeth F. GnbbleCook 
Marjorie Lorene Haddock 


Marjone Anne Hall King 

Berry Jane Hancock Moore 

Florence Harrison North 

Mia-Lorre Hecht Owens 

Emily Higgms Bradley 

Leila Burke Holmes 

Jean Hood Booth 

Mary Alice Hunter Ratlitf 

Kittle Kay Norment 

Susan Kirtley White 

Jane Kreiling Mell 

Mary Louise Law 

Marion Leathers Kunc: 

Martha Jane Mack Simons 

Betcie Manning Ott 

Dorothy Rounelle Martin 

Molly Milam Inserni 

Sue L. Mitchell 

Mary Munroe Brown 

J. Scott Newell Newton 

Gloria Jeanne Newton Snipes 

Margaret Virginia Norris 

Mary Neely Norris King 

Betty Lynn Reagan 

Isabel W.Rogers 

Jean Satterwhite Harper 

Sara Saul 

Marilyn Aldine Schroder 

Margaret Shepherd Yates 
Bess Sheppard Poole 
Emily Smgletary Garner 
Julia Slack Hunter 
Laura Joan Ste\'enson Wing 
Lois Sullivan Kay 
Bonnie Mary Turner Buchanan 
Mary Ann Elizabeth Turner Edwards 
Su:anne Watkins Smith 
Kate Webb Clary 
Frances Louise WooddallTalmadge 


Jeanne Addison Roberts 
Vicky Alexander Sharp 
Mary Lillian Allen Wilkes 
Martha Clark Baker Wilkins 
Margaret Bear Moore 
Lucile Beaver 
Helen Beidelnian Price 
Louise Isaacson Bernard 
Mary jane Bowman Fort 
Emily Ann Bradford Batts 
Kathryn Burnett Gatewood 
Mary C Cargill 
Mary Ann Courtenay Davidson 
Joan A. Crangle Hughey 
Edwina B. Davis 
Eleanor Davis Scott 
Mary Duckworth Cellerstedt 
Conradine Fraser Riddle 
Harriet Frierson Crabb 
R Jean Fuller Hall 
Louise P. Gardner Mallory 
Shirley Graves Cochrane 
Jeanne Hale Shepherd 
Nancy Hardy Abberger 
Margaret Henegar Broudy 
Juanita Hewell Long 
Elizabeth Horn Johnson 
Betty Howell Traver 
Mary Helen Hurt Motley 
Lura Johnston Watkins 
Marjorie Karlson 
Barbara Kincaid Trimble 
Marianna Kirkpatrick Reeves 
Ann Stratton Lee Peacock 
Mary Elizabeth Martin Grossman 
Harriett T McAllister Loving 
Mildred McCain Kinnaird 
Mary F. McConkey Reimer 
Mary Cobb McEver Lester' 
Elizabeth MillerTurner 
Anne D. Murrell Courtney 
Mar)one Naab Bolen 
Jane Anne Newton Marquess 
Ann Gilmore Noble Dye 
Anne Noell Wyant 
Elizabeth Osbotne Rt»llins 
Celetta Powell Jones 

Anne Registet Jones 

Louise Noell Reid Strickler 

Eleanor Reynolds Verdery 

Betty Jane Robinson Boykin 

Jean Rooney Routh 

Mary Russell Mitchell 

Ruth Rynet Lay 

Mary Jane Schumacher Bullard 

Margaret Scott Cathey 

Betty Smith Satterthwaite 

Martha Stevenson Fabian 

Jean Stewart Staton 

Doris Street Thigpen 

Martha Sunkes Thomas 

Matguerite Toole Scheips 

Peggy Trice Hall 

Lucy Frye Turner Knight 

Maud Van Dyke Jennings 

Dorothy Elizabeth Wallace Patterson 

Verna Weems Macbeth 

Elizabeth Weinschenk Mundy 

Winifred Wilkinson Hausmann 

Eva Williams Jemison 

F. Elisabeth Woodward Ellis 


Marie Adams Conyers 

Elizabeth Andrews Lee 

Glassell Beale Smalley 

Alice Beardsley Carroll 

Dale Bennett Pedrick 

June Bloxton Dever 

Marguerite Born Hornsby 

Kathleen Buchanan Cabell 

Anne Burckhardt Block 

Eleanor Galley Cross 

Charlotte Clarkson Jones 

Jane Cooke Cross 

Martha Elizabeth Crabill Rogers 

Helen Catherine Curne 

Virginia Dickson Philips 

Anna George Dobbins 

Anne Eidson Owen 

Ruth Ellis Hunley 

Mary Jane Fuller Floyd 

Dorothy Nell Galloway Fontaine 

Mary Katherine Glenn Dunlap 

Gene Goode Bailey 

Polly Grant Dean 

Mynelle Blue Grove Harris 

Agnes Harnsberger Rogers 

Genet Heery Barron 

Peggy Pat Home Martin 

Ann Hough Hopkins 

Louise Lallande Hoyt Minor 

Anne Hill Jackson Smith 

Marianne JetYries Williams 

Kathryn Johnson 

Rosemary Jones Cox 

Margaret Kelly Wells 

Theresa Kemp Setze 

Ann Hagood Martin Barlow 

Marguerite Mattison Rice 

Edith Metrin Simmons 

Helen Owen Calvert 

Mary Nell Ozment Pingree 

Florence Paisley Williams 

Angela Pardington Lloyd 

Betty Lou Patterson King 

Dorothy Peace Ramsaur 

Betty Jean Radford Moeller 

Jeanie Rentz Schoelles 

Anne H. Rogers 

Ellen Van Dyke Rosenblatt Caswell 

Lorenna Jane Ross Brown 

Nellie Scott Pritchetc 

Nancy Shelton Patrott 

Sarah E. Smith Austin 

Caroline Squires Rankin 

Elizabeth W. Turner Marrow 

May Turner Engeman 

Mary Mayo Wakefield Tipton 

L. Elizabeth Walton Callaway 

Ann Wheeler Timberlake 

Emma Jean Williams Hand 

Barbara Wilson Montague 

Laura Winchester Hawkins 

Betty Ann Zeigler De La Mater 


Dabney Adams Hart 

Jane Woodward Alsobrook Miller 

Virginia Andrews Trovillion 

Rose Ellen Armstrong Sparling 

Peggy Camille Baker Cannada 

RuthBastin Slentz 

Martha Ellen Beacham Jackson 

Jean Bellingiath Mobley 

Barbara Blair 

Lela Anne Brewer 

Betty Jean Brown Ray 

Barbara Jane Coith Ricker 

Mary Alice Compton Osgood 

Martha Ann Cook Sanders 

Edna Claire Cunningham Schooley 

Jane da Silva Montague 

Susan Lawton Daugherty 

Nancy Deal Weaver 

Adele Dieckmann McKee 

Betty Jo Doyle Fischer 

June Hamlet Driskill Weaver 

Elizabeth Dunn Grunwald 

Anne Ezzard Eskew 

Josephine Faulkner James 

Nancy Jean Geer Alexander 

Harriet Gregory Heriot 

Martha Frances Hay Vardeman 

Jean Henson Smith 

Kathleen Hewson Cole 

Caroline Hodges Roberts 

Nan Honour Watson 

June Irvine Torbert 

Mary Elizabeth Jackson Etheridge 

Anne Elizabeth Jones Ctabill 

Mildred Claire Jones CoKin 

Mary Sheely Little Miller 

Marybeth Little Weston 

Alice Lyons Brooks 

Mary Manly Ryman 

Myrtice Jeanette Marianni 

Louise McLaurin Stewart 
Lora Jennings Payne Miller 
Betty Powers Crislip 
Billie Mae Redd Chu 
Harriet Elizabeth Reid 
Rurh Richardson 
Anna Clark Rogers Sawyer 
jane Rushin De Vaughn 
Zollie Anne Saxon Johnson 
Rebekah Scott Bryan 
Anne Shepherd McKee 
Marian Elsie Travis 
Anne Page Violette Harmon 
Lida Walker Askew 
Barbara Waugaman Thompson 
Sara C Wilkinson 
Emily Whittier Wright Gumming 
Margaret Yancey Kirkman 


Billie Rita Adams Simpson 
Eugenia Lyle Akin Martin 
Matilda Caroline Alexander 
Mary Jo Ammons Jones 
Beverly Baldwin Albea 
Betty Blackmon Kinnett 
Susan Dowdell Bowling Dudney 
Frances Brannan Hamrick 
Margatet Elizabeth Brewer Kaye 
Betty Ann Bridges Corrie 
Roberta Cathcart Hopkins 
Mary Price Coulling 
Lenora M Cousar Tubbs 
Alice Crenshaw Moore 
joCulp Williams 
Mane Cuthbenson Faulkner 
June B, Davis Haynie 
Bettie Davison Bruce 
Betsy Deal Smith 
Jane David Efurd Watkins 
Sally Elhs Mitchell 
Bettyjeanne Ellison Candler 
Kate Durr Elmore 
Evelyn Foster Henderson 
Katherine A. Geffcken 
Martha Gnddard Lovell 

Mary Elizabeth Hays Babcock 
Henrietta Claire Johnson 
Charlotte Rhett Lea Robinson 
Harriet Ann Lurton Major 
Katherine B. McKoy Ehling 
Ivy Morris Dougherty 
Nancy Parks Donnan 
Patty Persohn 
** Maty Helen Phillips Hearn 
Virginia Lynn Phillips Mathews 
Marguerite Pittard Bullard 
Dorothy Jane Porter Clements 
Georgia Powell Lemmon 
Dorothy Quillian Reeves 
Betty Jo Sauer Mansur 
Elizabeth Wood Smith 
Sharon Smith Cutler 
Miriam Steele Jackson 
Edith Stowe Barkley 
Rachael Stubbs Fatris 
Doris Sullivan Tippens 
Jean Tollison Moses 
Newell Turner Parr 
Virginia Vining Skelton 
Val von Lehe Williams 
Willa Wagner Beach 
Martha Reed Warlick Brame 
Julia Weathers Wynne 
Olive Askew Wilkinson Turnipseed 
Mary Jeannette Willcoxon Peterson 
Elizabeth Williams Henty 
Harriotte Winchester Hurley 
Johanna Wood Zachry 


Helen Elizabeth Austin Callaway 

Jo- Anne Christopher Cochrane 

Cania Clarkson Merritt 

Betty Jean Combs Moore 

Jane Cook Miller 

Catherine Davis Armfield 

Dorothy Davis Yarbrough 

Martha Jane Da\'is Jones 

Katherine Dickey Bentley 

Elizabeth Dunlap McAliley 

Diana Durden Woodson 

Helen Edwards Propst 

Claire Foster Moore 

Ann Dalpe Gebhardt Fulletron 

Ftances Mane Givens Cooper 

Margaret Glenn Lyon 

Ann Griggs Foster 

Mary Ann Hachtel Hartman 

M. Anne Haden Howe 

Sarah Hancock White 

Marie Heng Heng 

Jessie A. Hodges Kryder 

Marguerite Jackson Gilbert 

Lillian Lasseter Pearson 

Adele Lee Dowd 

Norah Anne Little Green 

Marjone Major Franklin 

Alline B.Marshall 

Harriot Ann McGuire Coker 

Miriam Mitchell Ingman 

Jean Niven Morns 

Pat vet ton Webb 

Polly Anna Philips Harris 

Joann Piastre Britt 

Emily Pope Drury 

Eleanor Ryan Eskridge 

Ann Sartain Emmett 

Virginia Skinner Jones 

Martha Elizabeth Stowell Rhodes 

Sally Thompson Aycock 

Isabel Truslow Fine 

Dorothy Faye Tynes Dick 

Mary Ida Wilson 


Dorothy Elizabeth Adams Knight 
Nancy Anderson Benson 
Mary Hayes Barber Holmes 
Noel Halsey Barnes Williams 
Su Boney Davis 
Nancy Cassin Smith 
jimmie Lee Cobble Kimball 
Anna Da Vault Haley 
Freddie Marylin Hachtel Daum 

Virginia Dunn Palmer 
Virginia Feddeman Kerner 
Nell Floyd Hall 
Sara Luverne Floyd Smith 
Betty Jane Foster Deadwyler 
Carolyn Galbreath Zehnder 
Anna Gounans 
Cornelia Hale Bryans 
Nancy Lu Hudson Irvine 
Ellen Clyde Hull Keever 
Margaret Hunt Denny 
Sara Beth Jackson Hertwig 
Kay Laufer Morgan 
Virginia Arnold Leonard 
Mary Caroline Lindsay 
Katharine Loemker Kokomoor 
Mary Louise Mattison McLaurin 
Janette Mattox Calhoon 
Jimmie Ann McGee Collings 
Sarah McKee Burnside 
Joan Miller Houston 
Martha McGregor Mitchell Smith 
Julianne Motgan Gatner 
Tiny Marguerite Morrow Mann 
Carol Louise Munger 
Eliza Pollard Mark 
Barbara Quattlebaum Parr 
ElizabethJ. Ragland Petkins 
C, Wilton Rice Sadler 
Mary Roberts Davis 
Stella Louise Robey Logan 
Louise Santord Burner 
Annelle Simpson Kelly 
Caronelle Smith Smith 
Jenelle Spear Spear 
Martha Ann Stegar 
Marjorie H. Stukes Strickland 
Ruth Vineyard Cooner 
Catherine Warren Dukehart 
Joan Cotty White Howell 
Bettie Shipman Wilson Weakley 
Eugenia Wilson Collins 
Ann Mane Woods Shannon 
Betty Ziegler Dunn 


Charlotte Allsmiller Crosland 

Margaret Andes Okarma 

Manie Street Boone Balch 

Ann Boyer Wilkerson 

Mary Jane Brewer Murkett 

Barbara H. Brown Page 

Jeannine Byrd Hopkins 

June L. Carpenter Bryant 

Sybil Corbetr Riddle 

Patricia CortelyouWinship 

Landis Gotten Gunn 

Catherine Crowe Dickman 

Carolyn Denson Channon 

Theresa Dokos Hutchison 

Sarah Emma Evans Blair 

Elizabeth Finney Kennedy 

Shirley Ford Baskin 

Kathren Martha Freeman Stclzner 

Phyllis Galphin Buchanan 

Kathryn Gentry Westbuty 

Jackie Simmons Gow 

Barbata Grace Palmour 

Susan Hancock Findley 

MattieE. Hart 

Ann Tiffin Hays Greer 

Shirley Heath Roberts 

Ann Herman Dunwody 

Betty Holland Boney 

Mary Carolyn Holliday Manley 

Margaret Inman Simpson 

Jean Isbell Brume 

Louise Monroe Jett Porter 

Margaret Ann Kaufmann Shulman 

Helen Frances Land Ledbetter 

Mary Jane Largen Jordan 

Alice Lowndes Ayers 

Mary Frances Martin Rolader 

Elizabeth Wynelle Melson Patton 

Sylvia Moutos Mayson 

Ann Parker Lee 

Hilda Priviteti 

Catherine L. Redles 

Lillian Ritchie Sharian 




Helen le;in Robarts Seaton 
Adelaide RvdllBeall 
Frances Sells Grimes 
Betty jane Sharpe Cabaniss 
Mar^'aretta W. Lumpkin Shaw 
Katherme Jeanne Smith Harley 
Winnie Stro:ier Hoover 
Patricia Thomason Smallwood 
Frances Vandiver Pucketr 
Sara Veale Daniel 
Jo Camille Watson Hospadaruk 
Alta Waugaman Miller 
Ruth Whiting Culbreth 
Lorna A. Wiggins 
Sylvia Williams Ingram 
Jane Windham Chesnutt 
Anne Winningham Sims 
Florence Worthy Oriner 


Charlotte Allam Von Hollen 
Allardyce Armstrong Hamill 
Oeraldine Fay Armstrong Boy 
Evelvn Basseri Fuqua 
Dorothy Ann Baxter Chorba 
Mar>' Alverta Bond 
Georganna Buchanan Johnson 
Betty M. McLellan Carter 
Mary Jo Chapman Corrao 
Edgerley Louise Clark Lindsley 
Eunice Turner Cunnallv 
Virginia Corry Harrell 
Margaret Cousar Tooke 
Jane Crayton Davis 
Jane Daihouse Hailey 
Donya Dixon Ransom 
Susan Walton Dodson Rogers 
Rene Dudney Lynch 
Donna Dugger Smith 
Frances Carol Edwards Turner 
Patricia Ann Frednksen Stewart 
Marv Anne Garrard Jernigan 
Betty Ann Green Rush 
Sarah Crewe Hamilton Leathers 
Florence Mav Hand Beutell 
Virginia Claire Hays Klettnet 
Keller Henderson Barron 
Betsy Lee Hodges Sterman 
Mary Holland Archibald 
Margaret Hooker Hartwein 
Ellen Earle Hunter Brumtield 
Anne Wortley Jones Sims 
Rosalyn Kenneday Cothran 
Helen Patron Martin Montgomery 
Jetry Lee Mauldin Curry 
Martha Carlene Nickel EIrod 
Martha Virginia Norton Caldwell 
Lilla Kate Parramore Hart 
Sue Peterson Durling 
Mar\ Ripley Warren 
Mar\- Beth Robinson Stuart 
Shirley Samuels Bowden 
Rita May Scott Cook 
Oianne Shell Rousseau 
PrisciUa Sheppard Taylor 
Margaret Thomason Lawrence 
Anne Thomson Sheppard 
Charline Tritton Shanks 
Helen Tucker Smith 
Vivian Lucile Weaver Maitland 
Barbara West Erw in 
Mary Ann Wyatt Chastain 


Valeria North Burnet Orr 
Jane Crook Cunningham 
jean Drumheller Wright 
Harriet Durham Maloot 
Martha Duval Swartwout 
joen Fagan 

Florrie Fleming Corley 
Virginia Lee Floyd Tillman 
ChorJee Gob Chow 
Ellen Gritfin Corbett 
Martha Guillot Thorpe 
Katharine G. Hefner Gross 
Louise McKinney Hill Reaves 
Eleanor Hutchinson Smith 

Carol Lynn Johnston Oates 
Carol Jones Hay 
Patricia Anne Kent Stephenson 
Mit:i Kiser Law 
Catherine Kite Hastings 
Catt'line Lester Hayne> 
Ruth Mallette Kelly 
Bettv Jo McCastlain Downey 
Helen H. McGowan French 
Mary Louise McKee Hagemeyer 
Clara Jean McLanahan Wheeler 
Joyce Elizabeth MungerOsborn 
Anne R. Patterson Hammes 
Sclma Anita Paul Strong 
Judith Promnit: Marine 
Mary Newell Rainey Bridges 
Caroline Reinero Kemmerer 
Betty Stem Melaver 
Anne Craig Sylvester Booth 
Joanne Elizabeth Varner Hawks 
Kathleen Whitfield Perry 
Gladys C. Williams Sweat 
Llewellyn Wommack 
Chiiuko Yoshimura Kojima 


Joan Adait Johnston 

Betty Lucile Akerman Shackletord 

Carolyn Altord Beaty 

Sara Anne Atkinson Wilburn 

Trudy AwbreyWahle 

Peggy Frances Bridges Maxwell 

Lucile Brookshaw 

Susanna May Byrd Wells 

Georgia Belle Christopher 

Constance Curry 

Caroline Cutts Jones 

Lillian Dixon Boylston 

Sara Dudney Ham 

Helen Pokes Farmer 

Jane Gaines Johnson 

Elizabeth Gratton Greer 

Letty Grafton Stockley 

Gracie Greer Phillips 

Jo Ann Hall Hunsinger 

Patty Hamilton Lee 

Ann Louise Hanson Merklein 

Jeanne Heisley Adams 

Ann Hemperley Dobbs 

Helen Jo Hinchey Williams 

Mary Pauline Hood Gibson 

Mary Carol Huffaker Platzek 

Beverly Anne Jensen Nash 

Mary Alice Kemp Henning 

Mary Love L'heureux Hammond 

Sallie Lambert Jackson 

Jeanne Levie Berry 

Catherine Louise Lewis Callaway 

Evelvn Mason Newberry 

CallieC. McArthur Robinson 

Sara Minta Mclntyre Bahner 

Peggv Anne McMillan White 

Pauline Turley Morgan King 

Patricia Paden Matsen 

Sarah Katheryne Petty Dagenhart 

Peggy Pfeitfer Bass 

Ruth Lester Posey Dement 

Joan Pruirt Mclntyre 

Louise Robinson Singleton 

Margaret Rogers Lee 

Anne Rosselot Clayton 

Dorothy Sands Hawkins 

Betty Jane Schaufele 

Agnes Milton Scott Willoch 

Evelyn R. Stegar Hendnx 

Harriet Stovall Kelley 


Sue Walker Goddard 

Pauline Waller Hoch 

Ouida Carolyn Wells 

Elizabeth Anne Wilson Blanton 


Anne Lowrie Alexander Eraser 
Ann AlvisShibut 
Barbara Helen Battle 
Juliet Boland Clack 

Ann Fain Bowen McCown 
Martha Lee Bridges Traxler 
Judy Brown 
Nonecte Brown Hill 
Shirley Anne Calkins Ellis 
Margaret Camp Murphy 
Vivian Therese Cantrall White 
Mary Jo Carpenter 
Mary Edna Clark Hollins 
Carol Ann Cole White 
Memye Curtis Tucker 
Mary Dickinson Cozine 
Stella Biddle Fitzgerald 
Claire Flintom Barnhardt 
June Elaine Gaissert Naiman 
Priscilla Goodwin Bennett 
Guerry Graham Myers 
Frances Duke Green Oliver 
Sallie L. Greenfield 
Ann Lee Gregory York 
Jean Catherine Gregory Rogers 
Harriett Griffin Harris 
Sarah E. Hall Hayes 
Louise Harley Hull 
Emmie Neyle Hay Alexander 
Helen Haynes Patton 
Hilda Hinton Tatom 
Alberta Jackson Espie 
Nancy Craig Jackson Pitts 
Alice Johnston Ballenger 
Annette Jones Gritfin 
Peggy Jordan Mayfield 
Frankie Junker Long 
Marion Virginia Love Dunaway 
Betty McFarland Bigger 
May Muse Stonecypher 
Paula Ball Newkirk 
Jacqueline Plant Fincher 

B. Louise Rainey Ammons 
Betty Claite Regen Cathey 
Rameth Fay Richard Owens 
Betty Richardson Hickn^an 
Anne Sayre Callison 
Robbie Ann Shelnutt L'pshaw 
Sarah Shippey McKneally 
Justine Stinson Sprenger 
Dorothy Jane Stubbs Bailey 
Nancy White Thomas Hill 
Sandra Thomas Hollberg 
Vannie Traylor Keightley 
Virginia Vickery Jory 

C. Anne Welborn Greene 
Sally Jean White Morris 
Catherine Tucker Wilson Turner 


Lillian W. Alexander Balentine 
Elizabeth Ansley Allan 
Peggy Beard Baker 
Susanne Benson Darnell 
Elizabeth Ann Bohlander Bazell 
Elizabeth Bond Boozer 
Joyce Brownlee 
Miriam Cale Harmon 
Bettye Carmichael Maddox 
May Chism 
Kathryn Cole Butler 
Frances Cork Engle 
Betsy Crapps Burch 
Catharine Allen Crosby Brown 
Becky Deal Geiger 
Laura Dryden Taylor 
Dede Farmer Grow 
Sally Forester Logue 
Sally Fortson McLemore 
Jeannine Frapart Row 
Virginia Fuller Lewis 
Catherine Girardeau Brown 
Grace Molineux Goodwin 
Patricia Guynup Corbus 
Marian Hagedorn Briscoe 
Hazel Hall Burger 
Carolyn Herman Sharp 
Margaret Hill Truesdale 
Byrd Hoge Bryan 
Frances Holtsclaw Berry 
Frances Patterson Huffaker 
Jacqueline Johnson Woodward 
Rachel King 

Carolyn Langston Eaton 
Elaine Lewis Hudgtns 
Nancy Love Crane 
Marilyn McClure Anderson 
Su:anne McGregor Dowd 
Dot McLanahan Watson 
Frances McSwain Pruitt 
Moltie Mernck 
Margaret Minicr Hyatt 
Jane Moore Keesler 
Martha jane Morgan Petersen 
Jackie Murray Blanchard 
Mildred NesbitHillard 
Suzella Burns Newsomc 
Nancy Nixon McDonough 
Jean Price Knapp 
Dorothy Rearick Malinin 
Virginia Redhead Bethunc 
Dannie Reynolds Home 
Martha Jane Riggins Brown 
Jackie Rountree Andrews 
Jene Sharp Black 
Ann Norris Shires Penuel 
Joyce Skelton Wimberly 
Carolyn Smith Gait 
Nancy Snipes Johnson 
Wynelle Strickland McFather 
Emiko Takeuchi 
Anne Terry Sherren 
Mary Thacker Cohen 
Sara Townsend Holcomb 
Julia Weathers Hart 
Nancy Wheeler Dooley 
Anne S. Whitfield 
Eleanor Wright Linn 


Nancy Alexander Johnson 
Anna Fox Avil Stribling 
Rebecca A. Barlow 
Mary Dymond Byrd Davis 
Diana Carpenter White 
Grace Chao 
Jean Clark Sparks 
Mary Helen Collins Williams 
Nancy Alice Niblack Danciler 
Martha Davis Rosselot 
Joie Sawyet Delatield 
Elizabeth Hanson Duerr 
Hazel Ellis 

Nelle Fambrough Melton 
Rebecca R. Fewell 
Frankie Flowers Van Cleave 
Elizabeth Geiger Wilkes 
Patricia Cover Bitzer 
Eileen Graham McWhorter 
Helen Hachtel Haywood 
Joann Hill Hathaway Merriman 
Sara Margaret Heard White 
Catherine Hodgin Olive 
Susan Hogg Griffith 
Eleanor Kallman Roemer 
Nora Alice King 
Carlanna Lindamood Hendrick 
Sheila M. MacConochie Ragsdale 
Carolyn Magruder Ruppenthal 
Maria Menefee Martoccia Clifton 
Janice Matheson Rcwell 
Mary Louise McCaughan Robison 
Anne McWhorter Butler 
Martha Meyer 
Judy Nash Gallo 
Martha Ann Oeland Hart 
Phia PeppasKanellos 
Caroline Phelan Touchton 
Blythe Posey Ashmore 
Louise Potts French 
Grace Robertson McLendon 
Celeste Rogers Thompson 
Caroline Romberg Silcox 
Joan Sanders Whitney 
Elizabeth Shumaker Goodman 
Nancy Holland Sibley 
Shirley Sue Spackman May 
Joan St. Clair Goodhew 
Langhorne Sydnor Mauck 
Harriet Taimadge Mill 
Delores Ann Taylor Yancey 
Carolyn Tinkler Ramsey 

Marilyn Tribble Wittner 
Gene Allen Reinero Vargas 
Rosalyn Warren Wells 
Mary Ruth Watson 
Margaret Woolfolk Webb 



Theresa Adams Parkins 
Su:anne Bailey Stuart 
Llewellyn Bellamy Page 
Kathleen Elizabeth Biown Efird 
Mary Clayton Bryan DuBard 
India C- Clark Benton 
Betty Ann Cobb Rowe 
Helen Culpepper Stacey 
Lconiecc Davis Pinnell 
Dale Fowler Dick Halton 
Caroline H.Dudley Bell 
Mary Dunn Evans 
Marjorie Erickson Charles 
Jan Lyn Fleming Nye 
Gertrude Florrid van Luyn 
Patricia Forrest Davis 
Lynn Frederick Williamson 
K. Jo Freeman Dunlap 
Betty Garrard Saba 
Judy George Johnson 
Suzanne Goodman Elson 
Theresa Alice Hand Du Pre 
Harriet Ann Harrill Bogue 
Maria Harris Markwalcer 
Mary Ann Henderson Johnson 
Martha W. Holmes Keith 
Sidney Mack Ho\\ell Fleming 
B- Wynn Hughes Tibor 
Audrey Johnson Webb 
Jane King Allen 
Jane Kraemer Scott 
Barbara Lake Finch 
FleanorE, Lee McNeill 
Patricia Lenhardt Byers 
Mildred Ling Wu 
Helen Scott Maddox Gaillard 
Marjorie Virginia Muller Mairs 
Margaret Ward Abernethy Martin 
Leah Elizabeth Mathews Fontaine 
Ruby Anita McCurdy Gaston 
Lila E McGeachy Ray 
Martha Jane Mitchell Gritfin 
Anne Louise Moore Eaton 
Donalyn Moore McTier 
Mary Joan Morris Hurlbutt 
Ann Rivers Payne Hutcheson 
Mary Paula Pilkenton Vail 
Caroline Pruitt Hayes 
Lucy Puckett Leonard 
jean Salter Reeves 
Susanne Robinson Hardy 
Frances Carol Rogers Snell 
Helen Smith Rogers 
Anne Taylor Selph MacKay 
Marianne Sharp Robbins 
Irene ShawGrigg 
Anita Sheldon Barton 
Roxana Speight Colvin 
Annette Teague Powell 
Edith L. Tritton White 
Nancy Trowell Kearns 
Barbara Varner Willoughby 
DelosA. WelchHanna 
Susie White Edwards 
Susannah Mascen Wilson 


Lisa Ambrose Hudson 
Nell Archer Congdon 
Nancy Awbrey Brittain 
Angelyn Alford Bagwell 
Lois Ann Barrineau Hudson 
Gloria Ann Branham Burnam 
Mildred Braswell Smith 
Cynthia Adair Butts Kelley 
Lucy Cole Gratfon 
Margaret Collins Alexander 
Phyllis Cox Whitesell 
Celia Crook Richardson 
Carolyn Sue Cushman Harrison 
Carolyn Anne Davies Preische 
Dorreth Dean Humphrey 


Rebecca Lynn Evans Callahan 
Anne EIt:aheth Eyler Clodtelter 
Louise Crawford Feagin Stone 
Bonnie Gershen Aronin 
Cynthia Grant Grant 
Lillian Hart 
Margaret J. Havron 
Kathenne Hawkins Linebaugh 

Carolyn Hoskins Cotfnian 

Carolyn Howard White 

Jane imray Shapard 

Linda Mangum Jones Klett 

julia Kennedy Kennedy 

Charlotte King Sanner 

Jane Law Allen 

Helen Mabry Beglin 

Grace Mangum Kisner 

Frances McFadden Cone 

Ellen McFarland Johnson 

Emily Parker McGuirt 

SallieMeek Hunter 

Helen M. Milledge Couch 

Eli:abech Mitchell Miller 

Anne W. Morrison Career 

Wilma Muse 


Everdina Nieuwenhuis 

Jane Norman Scott 

Diane Parks Cochran 

Nancy Carolyn Patterson Waters 

Mary Jane Pfaft Dewees 

Mary Jane Pickens Skinner 

Kay Richards Summers 

Rosemary Roberts Yardley 

Evelyn St. Croix Scofield Rowland 

Lesley Sevier Simmons 

Martha Sharp Smith 

Carolyn Smith McCurdy 

Hollis Smith Gregory 

Martha Eli;abeth Starrett Stubhs 

Sybil Strupe Rights 
' Marcia Louise Tobey Swanson 
, Edith Towers Davis 
; Raines WaketnrdWatkins 
I Anne Whisnant Bolch 
. Martha Ann Williamson Dodd 
I Becky Wilson Guherman 

1961 ~ 

Judith Ann Alhergorti Hines 

Ann Avant Crichton 

Emily Frances Bailey 

Barbara Claire Baldaut Anderson 

Elirabeth Barber Cobb 

Pamela Bevier 

Alice Boykin Robertson 

Sally Bryan Minter 

Margaret V. Bullock 

Joan Falconer Byrd 

Kathryn Ann Chambers Elliott 

Medora Ann McBride Chilcutt 

Willie Byrd Childress Clarke 

Eleanor Anne Christensen Pollitzer 

Mary Jim Clark Schubert 

Alice Walker Coffin Brown 

Edith Robinson Conwell Irwin 

Jean Marie Corbett Griffin 

Mary Wayne Crymes Bywater 

Mary Culpepper Williams 

Elirabeth Dalton Brand 

B. Sandra Davis Moulton 

Lucy Maud Davis Harper 

Julia Akin DoarGrubb 

Harriett Elder Manley 

Alice Frazer Evans 

Virginia Gayle Green Miller 

Marion Greene Poythress 

Katherine Gwaltney Remick 

Nancy Hall Grimes 

Elizabeth Anne Hammond Stevens 

Mary jane Henderson Alford 

Patricia Holmes Cooper 

Judith Houchins Wighcman 

Linda Ingram Jacob 

Harriet Jackson Lovejoy 

Jojarrell Wood 

Sarah Kelso 

Rosemary Kittrell 

Martha Lair McGregor 

Martha E Lambeth Harris 

Mary Taylor Lipscomb Garriry 

Mildred Lovt Petty 

julia G. Maddox Paul 

A. Eugenia Marks Espy 

Betty Louise Mattern York 

Mildred Myers McCravey Clarke 

Sue McCurdy Hosterman 

Edna McLain Bacon 

Jane Weltch Mtlligan 

Anne Leigh Modlin Burkhardt 

Mary Jane Moore 

Nancy A. Moore Kuykendall 

Prudence Anne Moore Thomas 

Barbara Mordecai Schwanebeck 

Emily Pancake 

Grace Ann Peagler Gallagher 

Rebecca Joyce Seay Reid 

Mary Bruce Rhodes Woody 

Charme Robinson Ritter 

Lucy Scales Muller 

Elizabeth Shepley Brophy 

Kathryn Page Smith Morahan 

M. Harriet Smith Bates 

Virginia Thomas Shackelford 

Patricia Walker Bass 

Mary Fairfax Ware 

Betty Sue Wyatt Wharton 

Marian Elizabeth Zimmerman 


Mildred Lafon Zimmermann 


Sherry Gayle Addington Lundberg 

Susan Alexander Boone 

Violet Campbell Allen Gardner 

N. Caroline Askew Hughes 

Sally Blomquist Swartz 

Nancy L. Bond Brothers 

Carey S. Bowen Craig 

Clara Jane Buchanan Rollins 

Martha Campbell Williams 

Gail Carter Adkins 

Rosemary Clark Stiefel 

Vivian Conner Parker 

Cordelia Elisabeth Cooper 

Suzanne Mayers Crosby Brown 

Katherine W. Davis Savage 

Ellen J. Delaney Torbett 

Elizabeth Evans Mills 

Madelyn Carol Eve 

Pat Flythe Koonts 

Peggy Frederick Smith 

Elizabeth Gillespie Proctor 

Kay Gilliland Stevenson 

Jacqueline Driscoll Hagler Hopkins 

Adrienne Haire Weisse 

Judy G. Halsell Jarrett 

Elizabeth A Harshbarger Broadus 

Jean Haynie Stewart 

Janice Heard Baucum 

Ann Gale Hershberger Barr 

Margaret Holley Milam 

K. Lynda Horn George 
Amanda Jane Hunt White 
Ann Pauline Hutchinson Beason 
Betsy Jefferson Boyt 
Norris Johnston Goss 
Isabel Kallman Anderson 
Beverly K. Kenton Mason 
Milling Kinard 
Sara White Kipka Sides 
Betty KnealeZlatchin 
Letitia Douglas Lavender Sweitzer 
Laura Ann Lee Harris 
Dorothy M. Lockhart Matthews 
Linda Bennett Locklear Johnson 
Margaret Ann McGeachy Roberson 
Genie McLemore Johnson 
Mary Ann McLeod LaBne 
Ellen Middlebrooks Granum 
Cecilia Ann Middlemas Johnson 
Nancy Nelms Garrett 
Catharine Nortleet Sisk 
Ethel Oglesby Horton 
Pauline Page Moreau 
Dorothy Porcher 
Marjorie Hayes Reitz Turnbull 

Lissa Robin Rudolph Orcutt 
Elaine Sayers Landrum 
Ruth A. Seagle Bushong 
Ruth P. Shepherd Vazque: 
Carolyn Shirley Wimberly 
Margaret Shugart Anderson 
Jo Allison Smith Brown 
Sandra J. Stilt 
Angelyn Stokes McMillan 
Mary Morgan Stokes Humphlett 
Burnham Walker Reicherr 
jan Whitfield Hughen 
Carol Williams Sellers 
Elizabeth Withers Kennedy 
Ann D Wood Corson 


Frances Bailey Graves 
Leewood Bates Woodell 
Judy Brantley 
D'Etta Brown Leach 
Nancy Ruth Butcher Wade 
Sarah Stokes Gumming Mitchell 
J. Kennecte Farlowe Brock 
Mary jane Fincher Peterson 
Betty Ann Garewood Wylie 
Lucy Harrison Gordon Andrews 
Mary Ann Gregory Dean 
Elizabeth Ann Hardesty Boggan 
Bonnie Grace Hatfield Hairrell 
Judy Hawley Zollicoffer 
Mary Louise Hunt Rubesch 
Elizabeth B, Hutcheson Barringer 
Sandra Johnson Barrow 
Ina Jones Hughs 
Lelia Jones Graham 
Dorothy Laird Foster 
jane Lancaster Boney 
Pat Lowe Johnston 
Leigh Maddox Brown 
. Lucy Morcock Milner 
Nancy H. Northcutt Palmer 
Patricia Ann O'Brian Devine 
Robin Patrick Johnston 
Doris Poliakoff Feinsiiber 
Kathryn Mobley Ridlehoover 
Lidie Ann Risher Phillips 
Lee Shepherd Shepherd 
Miriam St. Clair 
Kaye Stapleton Redford 
Lydia Sudbury Langston 
Nell Tabor Hartley 
L. Elizabeth Thomas Freyer 
Mary K. Troup Rose 
Edna V. VassStucky 
Mary Ruth Walters McDonald 
Louisa Walton McFadden 
M. Elizabeth Webb Nugent 
Nancy Kate Wilkins Barnette 
Miriam Owen Wilson Knowlton 
Flora Jane Womack Gibson 
Mariane Wurst Schaum 
Katherine Younger Younger 


Norma Elizabeth Alvis Girardeau 

Nancy C. BargerCox 

Karen Jonne Baxter Harriss 

Mary Evelyn Bell 

Kiichele Buliard Smith 

Sylvia Chapman Sager 

Carolyn Clarke 

NoraRooche Field 
AnneT. Foster Curtis 
Garnett E. Foster 
Karen E. Gerald Pope 
Elizabeth Gillespie Miller 
Myra Morelock Gottsche 
Nina F. Gritfin Newcomb 
Catherine deVeaux Hart Rainey 
Lucy Durham Herbert Molinaro 
K. Betty Hood Atkinson 
E. Diannc Hunter Cox 
Sally Loree James 
Susan Keith-Lucas Carson 
Mary Ann Kenncdy-Ehn 
Harriet M. King 
Mary R. Edson Knight 
Mary Lou Laird 

Nancy Ellen Lee Bryan 

Shirley E. Lee 

Helen Frances McClellan Hawkins 

Joanna McElrath Alston 

Catherine Susan McLeod Holland 

A. Crawtord MeginnissSandefur 

Anne Minter Nelson 

Mary Mac Mitchell Saunders 

Margaret Moses Zimmer 

Carolyn Newton Curry 

Laurie Cakes Propst 

Ann Pennebaker Arnold 

Mary Pittman Mullin 

Becky A. Reynolds Bryson 

Catherine H. Shearer Schane 

Lila Sheffield Howland 

Nancy Clme Shuford Spivey 

Marian E. Smith Long 

Judith K. Stark Romanchuk 

Elizabeth Stewart Stewart 

Ninalee Warren jagers 

Nancy Wasell Edelman 

Mary Lynn Weekley Parsons 

Suzanne P, West Guy 

Barbara Ann White Guarienti 

Margaret W Whitton Ray 

Florence Willey Perusse 

Anita Yount Sturgis 


Sally Johnston Abernethy Eads 

Betty Hunt Armstrong McMahon 

Robin Belcher Mahattey 

Margaret Bell Gracey 

Dorothy Ann Bellinger Grimm 

Rita Jean Bennett Colvin 

Rebecca Beusse Holman 

Sally Blackard Long 

Joanne Branch Hoenes 

Jane B Brannon Nassar 

Margaret Lee Brawner Perez 

Elizabeth Brown Sloop 

Pat Buchanan Masi 

Evelyn P. Burton Haigh 

Sally Bynum Gladden 

Virginia Eraser Clark Neary 

Katherine Bailey Cook Schafer 

Helen West Davis Hatch 

Mary Beth Dixon Hardy 

Ann Durrance Snead 


Marilyn Louise Enderli Williamson 

Patricia Gay Nash 

Dee Hall Pope 

Marion Andrea Hamilton Duncan 

Nancy C. HammerstromCole 

Elizabeth Coles Hamner Grzybowski 

Linda Harrell Harrell 

Carol Jean Holmes Coston 

Linda Kay Hudson McGowan 

Gay Hunter Gulp 

Bettye Neal Johnson McRae 

Marjory Joyce Cromer 

Jere Keenan Brands 

Kenney Knight Linton 

Alice Angela Lancaster 

Louise Lewis Lewis 

Johanna Logan Ertin 

Elisabeth Malone Boggs 

Bennett Manning Brady 

Elizabeth Wilson McCain 

Jane McLendon 

Diane Miller Wise 

H. Mane Moore Gavilo 

Nancy Brandon Moore Brannon 

Margaret Murphy Hunter 

Elaine Nelson Bonner 

Dorothy Robinson Dewberry 

Barbara Rudisill 

Harriette Russell Flinn 

Laura Sanderson Miller 

Anne Schiff Faivus 

Lucia Howard Sizemore 

Catharine Sloan Evans 

Barbara Ann Smith Bradley 

Mary Lowndes Smith Bryan 

Meriam Elyene Smith Thompson 

Nancy Soiomonsi>n Portnoy 

Susan M. Stanton Cargill 

Barbara Summers Richardson 
Sue Taliaferro Betts 
Charlotte Webb Kendall 
Christopher Key Whitehead Huff 
Sandra Hay Wilson 
Margaret Yager Dufeny 


Judith Ahrano 

Beverly Allen Lambert 

Betty Ann Allgeier Cobb 

Elizabeth Foster Anderson 

Harriet Biscoe Rodgers 

Marilyn Janet Breen Kelley 

Barbara J. Brown Freeman 

Mary Hopper Brown Bullock 

Nancy Bruce Truluck 

Emily Anne Burgess 

Mary Agnes Burnham Hood 

Vicky Campbell Patronis 

Eleanor Cornwell 

Martha J. Doom Bentley 

Susan Dorn Allen 

Joan DuPuis 

Dorothy Elizaberh Evans Aylward 

May Day Folk Taylor 

Louise Foster Cameron 

Blaine Garrison Cooper 
Jean Gaskell Ross 

Karen Louise Gearreaid 

Mary Jane Gilchrist Sullivan 

Felicia Guest 

Sue Ellen Hipp Adams 

Alice Hopkins Otis 
j. jean Jarrett Milnor 

Mary Margaret Kibler Reynolds 

Ellen M. King Wiser 

Mary Kuykendall Nichols 

Linda E. Lael 

Susan Wiley Ledford Rust 

Connie Louise Magee Keyset 

Helen Mann Liu 

Eugenia Martin Westlund 

Elizabeth McGeachy Mills 

Jennifer Love McKinnon Scott 

Kathleen Mitchell McLaughlin 

Karen Montgomery Crecely 

Clair MoorCrissey 

Laura Roberts Morgan van Beuren 

Portia Morrison 

Anne Morse Topple 

Beverly White Myers Pickett 

Sonja Nelson Cordell 

Margaret W. Peyton Stem 

Linda Preston Watts 

Elizabeth L. Rankin Rogers 

Deborah Anne Rosen 

Irma Gail Savage Glover 

Suzanne Scoggins Barnhill 

Lucile L. Scoville 

Terri Singer Speicher 

Malinda Snow 

Susan M. Thomas 

Martha Abernethy Thompson 

Sarah SU::ell-Rindlaub 

Carol Watson Harrison 

Nancy Carol Whiteside 


Maria Papageorge Artemis 
Jane Watt Balslev 
Judy Barnes Crozier 
Susan Bergeron Frederick 
Linda Bixler Whitley 
Elizabeth Anne Boyd Domm 
Cynthia Hazel Carter Bright 
M. Susan Chapman Mazek 
Linda Cooper Shewey 
IdaCopenhaver Ginter 
Marsha Davenport Gritfin 
Dorothy Davis Mahon 
Anne Diseker Beebe 
Gayle Doyle Viehman 
Alice Finn Hunt 
Mary Helen Goodloe-Murphy 
Gale Ailetn Harrison 
Andrea L Huggins Flaks 
Ann Wellington Hunter Wickes 

■ 121985-1986 

biiiaberh Hutchison Cowden 

Linda Jacoby Miller 

A. JoJett'ersWingheld 

Mary Colcy Jervis Hiiyc^ 

Mary Elizabeth Johnson Mallory 

Henrietta Wortley Jones Turley 

Lucy Ellen Jones Cooley 

Penny Katson Pickett 

janeKciger Gehring 

Karen Kokomoor Foisom 

Caroline nudlc\ LesterTye 

Clair McLeod Muller 

Ann Winheld Miller Morris 

Sandra Leigh Mitchell 

Martha Nan Moncriet Seeger 

Doris Morgan Maye 

Judy Hurst NuckolsOftutt 

Caroline Ouens Grain 

Penelope Penland 

Wary E. Pensvstirth Reagor 

Susan M. Phillips 

Dotlie Radtord Sptadley 

Judy Roach 

Ann Roberts Divine 

Eli:a Williams Roberts Leiter 

Carol Anne Scott Wade 

Pamela Sue Shaw Cochrane 

Susan Janelle Sleight Mowry 

Patricia Smith Edwards 

M. Susan Stevens Hitchcock 

Mary Louise Stevenson Ryan 

SallieTate Hodges 

Rosalind D. Todd Tedards 

Anne Justice Waldrop Allen 

Sandra Welch Williams 

Grace Winn Ellis 

V, Ellen Wood Hall 


Eliiabeth AltordLee 
Lynne Anthony Butler 
Sally Bainbridge Akridge 
Lucie Barron Eggleston 
Marjorie Bowen Baum Pearsall 
E. Louise Belcher Hinton 
Patricia Alston Bell Miller 
Jean Binkley Thrower 
Kathleen Blee Ashe 
Jan Burroughs Lottis 
Mary Thomas Bu^h HutY 
NonnieCarr Sharp 
Laurie Gay Carter Tharpe 
Carol Cole Renfro 
Susan Stringer Connell 
MaryCorbitt Brocknian 
Kate Covington 
Anna Carol Culver 
Rebecca C. Davis Huber 
June Elirabeth Derrick 
Paige Dotson Powell 
Janet Easrburn Amos 
Sarah H. Elberteld Countryman 
Louise C. Fortsoii Kinstrey 
Ethel Ware Gilbert Carter 
Eli:abeth Ann Glendinning 
Elizabeth Goud Patterson 
Jeanne Elizabeth Gross Johnson 
Gabnelle Guyton Johnson 
Lucy Hamilton Lewis 
Sylvia Harby Hutton 
Mary Elaine Harper Horton 
Charlotte Hart Riordan 
Olivia Ann Hicks 
Candace Hodges Bell 
Sara Houser Scott 
Gue P Pardue Hudson 
Janet Hunter Ou:ts 
Mary K. Owenjarboe 
M. Susan Johnson 
Eliiabeth Ann Jones Bergin 
Su:anne Jones Harper 
Mary Ann McCall Johnson 
Eleanor McCallie Cooper 
Susan Martin McCann Butler 
Katherine McCracken Maybank 
Rebecca McRae McGlothlm 
Betty Jean Miller Layng 
Katherine Ann Mitchell 

Margaret Garrett Moore Hall 
Florence Nowlin McKce 
Martha Parks Little 
Patricia Parks Hughes 
Nancy Virginia Paysinger 
Susan D. Philips Moore 
Susan Bea Philips Engle 
Rebecca Phillips Routh 
Linda Poore Chambers 
Dale Reeves Callahan 
Betty Jane Renlro Knight 
Dorothy Ellen RichterGntlm 
Helen Murray Roach Rentch 
Heather Roberts Biola 
Mary Rogers Hardin 
Georganne Rose Cunningham 
MaslinRuss Young 
Angela Saad 
Johanna Scherer Hunt 
Dale Steele Hegler 
Ann Teat Gallant 
Christie Theriot Woodfin 
Laura L. Warlick Jackson 
Elizabeth Whitaker Wilson 
Eliiabeth White Bacon 
Ann Wilder 

Mary Ruth Wilkins Negro 
Judy C. Williams 
Linda Faye Woody Perry 
Alice M. Zollicofter 

1969 ~ 



Jennie Ann Abernethy Vinson 

Patricia Auclair Hawkins 

Catherine Auman DeMaere 

Beth Bailey 

Margaret A. Barnes Carter 

Sandra Beck Scott 

MaryG. Blake Wiseman 

Carol B. Blessing Ray 

Mary Bolch Line 

Joetta Burkett Yarbro 

Penny Burr Pinson 

Mary Chapman Hatcher 

Julie Cottrill Ferguson 

Janice S. Cribbs 

Janie Davis Hollerorth 

Virginia Davis Delph 

Sharon Dixon 

ChnstineJ. Engelhard Meade 

Margaret M. Flowers Rich 

Margaret Louise Frank Guill 

Jo Ray FreilerVan Vliet 

Prentice Fridy Weldon 

Pam Gat'tord McKinnon 

Mary Frances Garlington Tret'ry 

Gay Gibson Wages 

Margaret Gillespie Sewell 



F Diane Hale Baggett 

Nancy Hamilton Holcombe 

Diane Hampton Flannagan 

Kathleen Davis Hardee Arsenault 

Ruth Haves Bruner 

Mildred Ann Hendry Kopke 

Beth Herring Colquhoun 

Nancy Holtman Hoffman 

Sally Stratton Jackson Chapman 

Carol Jensen Rychly 

Kathy Johnson Riley 

Nan Johnson Tucker 

Beverly Gray LaRoche Anderson 

Julia Ann Link Haifley 

Letitia Lowe Oliveira 

Beth Mackie 

Johnnie Gay Martin 

Martha Nell McGhee Lamberth 

Dianne Louise McMillan Smith 

Suzanne Moore Kaylor 

Kappa Moorer Robinson 

Jane Elizabeth Morgan Henry 

Minnie Bob Mothes Campbell 

Mary Anne Murphy Hornbuckle 

Kathleen Musgrave Batchelder 

Nicki Noel Vaughan 

Jean Noggle Harris 

Carolyn Pairicia Owen Hernande: 

Becky Page Ramire: 

Patricia Louise Perry Fox 

Elta Posey Johnston 

Elizabeth Faye Potter 

Patsy Rankin Jopling 

Flora Rogers Galloway 

Carol Anne Ruff Boynton 

Dorothy L. Schrader 

Lennard Smith Cramer 

Helen Stavros 

Jeanne Taliaferro Cole 

Ann Burnette Teeple Sheffield 

Betty Thorne Woodruff 

Sarah Moores Walker Guthrie 

Joan Warren Ellars 

Sheryl Wacson Pattick 


Martha jane Wilson Kessler 

Rosie Wilson Kay 

Sally Wood Hennessy 

Winifred Woorton Booher 


Martha Burton Allison Parnell 
Susan Atkinson Simmens 
Betty Gene Beck Birdwell 
Diane Bollinger Bush 
Bonnie E. Brown Johnson 
Patricia Brown Cureton 
Leslie Buchanan New 
Mary Agnes Bullock Shearon 
Marcia Caribaltes Hughes 
Deborah Ann Claiborne 
Cathy Collicutt 
Carol Cook Uhl 
Marrha Cotter Oldham 
Bryn Couey Daniel 
Carol Crosby Patrick 
Patricia Daunt 
Terry dejarnette Robertson 
Linda L. DelVecchioGalbraith 
Susan Evans Donald Conlan 
Mary L. Douglas Pollitt 
Catherine DuVall Vugel 
Marion Daniel Gamble McCollum 
Lynne Garcia Hams 
Hope Gazes Grayson 
Cheryl Ann Granade Sullivan 
Sharon Eunice Hall Snead 
Martha C. HarrisEntrekin 
Mary Wills Hatfield LeCroy 
Susan Ann Head Marler 
Harriette Lee Huff Gaida 
Ruth Hannah Hyatt Heffron 
Amy Johnson Wright 
Kathy Johnson 

Hollie Duskin Kenyon Fiedler 
Susan Cathcart Ketchin Edgerton 
Hollister Knowlton 
Mary Margaret MacMillan Coleman 
Oma Kathleen Mahood Morrow- 
Judy Lee Mauldin Beggs 
Patricia Eileen McCurdy Armistead 
Carol Ann McKenzie Fuller 
Helen Christine McNamara Lovejoy 
Patricia Ann Mizell Millar 
Colleen Nugent Thrailkill 
Catherine B. Oliver 
Freida Cynthia Padgett Henry 
Christine Pence 
Martha L. Ramey 
Nancy Everette Rhodes 
Sally Ann Skardon 
Martha Mizell Smith Rumora 
Susan Selene Snelling DeFurio 
Marylu Tippett Villavieja 
Elizabeth Truesdel Baer 
Sally Slade Tucker Lee 
Martha jean Wall Olstin 
Laura Ellen Watson Keys 
Sue Bransford WearhersCrannell 
Jennie Ruth Wheless Hunter 
Mareta Wilkins Chambers 


Janace Anne Anderson Zolan 
Deborah Elizabeth Arnold Fleming 
Deborah Lee Banghart Mullins 

Evelyn Young Brown Chnstcnsen 

Vicki Linda Brown Ferguson 

Brenda jane Bullard Frutchey 

Swanna Elizabeth Cameron Saltiel 

Jane Helen Carlson 

Karen Lane Conrads Wibel! 

Carole Ann Cooper 

Julia Virgil Couch Mehr 

Mary Carolyn Cox 

Sara Dale Derrick Rudolph 

Carol Gihbs Durrance Dunbar 

Jane Ellen Duttenhaver Hurscy 

Sandra Jean Finotti Collins 

Carol Dianne Floyd Blackshear 

Frances Folk Zygmont 

Annette Friar Stephens 

Betheda Fries Justice 

Christine King Fulton Baldwin 

Margaret Funderburk O'Neal 

Carolyn Oretha Gailey Christ 

Dolly Gray Garrison 

Dorothy Gayle Gellerstedt Daniel 

Paula Mane Hendricks Culbreth 

Mary Alice Isele DiNardo 

Ann Appleby Jarrett Smith 

Edith Louise Jennings Black 

Edythe Patricia Johnston Feuillebois 

Linda Sue Ktebs 

Candace DuBignon Lang 

Karen Elizabeth Lewis Mitchell 

H. Tyler McFadden 

Bonnie Jean Mcintosh Toothman 

Constance Louise Morris Heiskell 

Mary Elizabeth Morns Reid 

Susan Elkin Morton 

Katherine Leah Mueller Wright 

Nancy Ann Newton 

Eleanor Hunter Ninestein 

Betty Scott Noble 

Barbara Herta Paul 

Mildred Pease Childs 

Jo Ann Perry Ely 

Grace Pierce Quinn 

Linda Gail Reed Boswell 

Sharon Sue Roberts Henderson 

Jan Elizabeth Roush Pyles 

Sarah Ruffing Robbins 

Katherine Setze Home 

Kathy Suzanne Smith Dix 

Grace Granville Sydnor Hill 

Margaret Kerr Taylor 

Margaret Thompson Davis 

Ellen McGill Tinkler Reinig 

Bernie Louise Todd Smith 

Mary Caroline Turner 

Wimberly Warnock 

F. Imogene White 

Lynn Napier White Montanan 

Ellen Willingham 


Harriet Elizabeth Amos 
Pamela Hope Arnold Milhan 
Eleanor Hamil Barrineau 
Rose Eileen Bluerock Brooks 
Susan Marie Borcuk 
Patricia Carter Patterson 
Kathryn Champe Cobb 
Julia Seabtook Cole Bouhabib 
Susan Claire Correnty Dowd 
Kathleen Costello Holm 
Gayle Sibley Daley Nix 
Lynn Davis Davis 
Madeleine M. del Portillo 
Barbara Ann Denzler Campbell 
Martha Anne Dillard-McGeoch 
Beatrice Taylor Divine 
Dona Drake 

Elaine Arnold Ervin Lotspeich 
jerry Kay Foote 
Debra Ann Gay Wiggins 
Dianne Gerstle Niedner 
Anne Lawson Grimsley Bander 
Louise Scott Roska-Hardy 
Rebecca L. Hendrix 
Julia Rose Hixon Wesley 
Claire Ann Hodges Burdett 
Mary Jean Horney 
Shera Lynn Hudson 

Lelia Elizabeth Jarrett Hosley 

Elizabeth M. Johnston 

Sharon Lucille Jones Cole 

Deborah Anne Jordan Bates 

Jeanne Elizabeth Kaufmann Manning 

Anne Stuart Kemble Collins 

Melissa Ann Kilpatrick 

Mary Jane King 

Elizabeth Anne LaseterGehring 

Sally Douglas Lloyd Proctor 

Deborah Long Wingatc 

Linda Sue Maloy Ozier 

Marcia Mallory McMurray 

Marcia E. Mohney 

Mary jane Morns MacLeod 

Virginia Norman Neb Price 

Nancy King Owen Merriti 

Susan Downs Parks Grissom 

Mary Ann Pt^iwell Howard 

Genie Rankin Sherard 

Mary Laura Reeves Scanlon 

Helen Reid Roddy Register 

Michele Christine Rowe-Shields 

Gayle Elizabeth Saunders Dorsey 

Leslie Ann Schooley Mathews 

Katherine Bruner Sloan Barker 

Gretchen Smith Mui 

Katherine Amanre Smith Acuff 

Sandra Lucille Smith Harmon 

Susan Bryant Stimson Peak 

Linda Ford Story Biaid 

Batbata H. Thomas Parker 

Nancy Delilah Thomas Tippins 

AnnTomlin Adams 

Mary Virginia Uhl Tinsley 

M. Lindsey Watt March 

Nancy L. Weaver Willson 

Paula M. Wiles Sigmon 

Elizabeth H. Wilkinson Tardieu 

Susan Williams Gornall 

Gigi Wilson Muirheid 

Juliana M. Winters 

Ann Christine Yrwing Hall 


Faye Ann Allen Sisk 
Carolyn Suzanne Arant Handell 
Karen Sarita Atkinson Schwinger 
Patricia Lynn Bartlett 
Barbara Black Waters 
Cala Mane Boddie Senior 
Sally Campbell Bryant Oxley 
Kathleen Lois Campbell Spencer 
Mary Margaret Clark Turtle 
Anastacia D. Coclin 
Candice Ann Colando Brown 
Caron E. Collins Hopkins 
Deborah Merce Corbett Gaudier 
Ivonne del Portillo 
Sheryl Jean Denman Curtis 
Rebecca Calhoun Dillard 
Martha Forman Folt: Manson 
Judith Kay Hamilton Grubbs 
Dorothy Andrea Hankins Schellman 
Pamela Hanson Hanson 
Resa Laverne Hatns 
Judy Anne Hill Calhoun 
Melissa Holt Vandiver 
Meredith Howe Pharis 
Marcia Krape Knight-Orr 
Margaret van Buren Lines Thrash 
Jerri lynVonne McBride Berrong 
Janifer Marie Meldrum 
Deborah Lee Newman Mattern 
Jane Elizabeth Parsons Fra:ier 
Elizabeth Ann Rhett Jones 
Pamela Tristan Rogers Melton 
Catherine Marie Ryder Horner 
Martha Carpenter Schabel Beattie 
Sally Elizabeth Schrader Hart 
Judy Carol Sharp Hickman 
Janet Elizabeth Short 
Clare Purcell Smith Baum 
Niurka Sotolongo Landrum 
Pamela Ann Todd Moye 
Bonnie Lynn Troxler Graham 
Edith Carpenter Waller Chambless 
Su:anne Lee Warren Schwank 



Cynthia Merle Wilkes Smith 
Lauta Jocelyn Williams Knowles 
Cherry Marie Wood 
Barbara Letitia Young McCutchen 


Ruth Broun Anderson McAhley 

Barbara Diane BeelerCormani 

Julie Louise Bennett Curry 

Betty Lynn Binkley Fletcher 

Susan Ray Blackwood Foote 

Marianne Bradley 

Margaret Louise Cassingham Schieffer 

Christine Clark Wilson 

Kay Colvin Ramos 

Patricia Ann Cook Bates 

Mary Jane Kerr Cornell 

Viviennc Ryan Drakes McKinney 

Molly Clare Duson Naylor 

Davara Jane Dye Potel 

Ann Early Bibb 

Lynn Elizabeth E:ell Hendrix 

jeannette Walls Fredrickson 

Mary Lynn Gay Bankston 

Cynthia Goldthwaite 

Rebecca Ann Harrison Ment: 

Cecilia Anne Henry Kurland 

Linda Lou Hill Gelcius 

Martha Elirabeth Howard Whitaker 

Louise Baker HutY Armitage 

Patricia Louise Hughes Schoeck 

Gretchen J. Keyset 

Leila Wheatly Kinney 

Teresa Louise Lee 

Kate Elizabeth McGregor Simmons 

Melisha Miles Gilreath 

Leacie Metinda Mitchell Waters 

Sarah Suzanne Newman Bauer 

Claire Owen Studley 
, Ann Elirabeth Pattetson elites 

Paullin Holloway Ponderjudin 

Martha Ruth Rutledge Munt 
' Carolyn Virginia Sisk Deadwyler 

■ Karen Cassell Swensson Luisana 

1 Katherine Littlefield Tarwater Smith 
j Mary Louise Wade Gadrix 
Christine Olga Weaver Ternenyi 

■ Lynne Webb Heatly 

Candace Elizabeth Woolfe Parrott 
Nancy MaurineYates-Liistro 


Vicki Lynn Baynes Jackson 
. Mitzi Ann Bell Peters 
- Constance Elaine Bowen Hatt 

Frances Lynn Brodnax 

Melodye Cwynne Brown 

Debra Elizabeth Carter 

Anna Lou Case-Winters 

Lou Anne Cassels McFadden 

Rose Ann Cleveland Fraistat 

jane Conley Evans McDonald 

Allison Grigsby Spears 

Motte Legate Hay Turner 

Martha Glenn Hodge Ridley 

Denise Hi>rd Mockridge 

Martha Lynne Jameson Gorgorian 

Janie Anna Johnson-Pickett 

Mae Louise Logan Kelly 

Jana Vail Macbeth 

Ruth Glovet McManus Mansfield 

Rebecca Ann Meador 

Mary Gay Morgan 

Jayne Leone Pererman Rohl 

Ellen Cavendish PKillips Smith 

Cathetine Pirkle Wages 

Melinda Mundy Rapp Stuk 

Angela Rushing Hoyt 

Wendy Rutledge Eck 

Sally Tyre Srenger 

Betsy Wall Carter 

Rebecca McPherson Weaver 

Carolyn Cawthon Webb Thomas 

Lynda Ann Weizenecker Wilson 

Nita Gail Whetstone Franz 

Nancy Carroll White Morris 

Margaret Denson Williams Johnston 


Eva Angela Adan 

Lisa Evangeline Banks Kerly 

Carolyn Ann Bitter Silk 

Gay Isley Blackburn Maloney 

Elizabeth Holland Boney 

Vernita Atlinda Bowden Luckhart 

Elizabeth Brandon Brame Fortune 

Jane Flowe Brawley 

Lucille Burch Shelton 

Alexandra Demecrios Coclin 

Elizabeth Anne Dameron Young 

Beth Barclay DeWall 

Sue Frances Diseker Sabat 

Catherine DuPtee Shields 

Emily G. Dunbar-Smith 

Sarah Franklin Echols Leslie 

Evalyn Mackay Gantt Dupree 

Harriett Ellis Gtaves Fromang 

Pamela Jane Hamilton Johnson 

Georgina Caridid Hernandez Elortegui 

Elizabeth L. Hotnsby 

Debotah Jean Huband Smith 

Mary Gemma Jernigan Graham 

Martha Cheryl Kitchens Aull 

Nancy Mildred Leasendale Purcell 

Henrietta Barnwell Leland Whelchei 

Alice Lightle Holcomb 

Patricia Karen Lockard Holmes 

Lois Berrien Lumpkin Long 

Jane Elizabeth Maas Edwards 

Virginia Allan Maguire Poole 

Debra Anne McBride Shelton 

Mary Elizabeth McDaniel 

Jo Anne Melton Mincey 

Melissa Ann Mills Jacobs 

Genevieve New Chaffee 

Janet Lynn Norton 

Ann Wilson Patton Henley 

Jennifer June Rich Kaduck 

Lori Grace Riley Day 

Martha Sue Sarbaugh Veto 

E. Pedrick Stall Lowrey 

Jane Boyce Sutton Hicks 

Janet Polk Tarwater Kibler 

Lucy Exum Turner 

Karen White Holland 

Barbara Ann Williams 

Laurie Dixon Williams Attaway 

Lynn Wilson McGee 
Emily Wingo Craig 



Evelyn Elizabeth Babcock 

Mary Anne Barlou 

Lydia Maria Bendeck 

Holly Ann Bennett Riellv 

Mary Crist Brown 

Nancy Donna Burnham 

Jasemine Choi-Yin Choy Chambers 

Ann Fox Conrad 

Elizabeth Rachel Doscher Shannon 

Kandace Maria Fitihugh Boyd 

Nancy Ellen Fort Grissett 

Martha Ann Hackl Smith 

Cynthia Hodges Burns 

Corine Sue Jinks Robertson 

Tetri Ann KeelerNiederman 

Kare Louise Kussrow McConnaughey 

Melissa Landon Hamid 

Katherine Thomas Lawther McEvoy 

Beth Mason Gilley 

Eleanor Anne McCain 

Melinda Ann Morris Knight 

Beverly Elaine Nelson McCallum 

Dana Nichols Chamberlain 

Clare O'Kelley Bennett 

Eva Katherine Oates Roos 

Susan Lang Pedrick McWtlliams 

Susan Patticia Pirkle Trawick 

Julie Florine Poole Knotts 

Robin Dale Ransbotham Moseley 

Sandra Matie Saseen 

Linda Frances Shearon 

Sarah Shuriey Hayes 

Nancy C Sisk Cleaveland 

Caroline Elizabeth Swink 

Lydia Pamelia Wilkes Barfoot 

Frances Elaine Williams 

Willie Kay Williams Barnard 

Beth Allison Blackbutn 
Marguerite Anne Booth Gray 
Mary Gracey Brown Diehl 
Ann Carter Burchenal 
Shirley Chan Kwan 
Robin Franklin Clement 
Barbata Lynn Duncan 
Jean Ellen Ezzell Paulson 
Kathettne Craig Fitch Piette 
Sharon Ruth Hatcher 
Rebecca L. Johnson Bisher 
Susan F. Jordan Spalding 
Janet E. Kelleyjobe 
Marlene Munden Laboureur 
Mary Lynn Lipscomb Bausano 
Susan Rollins McCuliough DeKoch 
Wanda Emma McLemore 
Judith K. Miller Bohan 
jean Elder Moores 
Mary Jane Norville 
Kathleen Ann O'Brien 
Lynne Oswald 
Cynthia Ann Peters 
Sharon D. Pittman Powell 
Kathrvn Schnittker White 
Margaret Elaine Sheppard Almand 
Mary Anna Smith 
Sharon Lynn Smith Roach 
Susan Smith 

Melody Kathryn Snider Porter 
RebekahG. Strickland 
Mary Alice Vasilos George 
Marybeth Whitmire Hegerty 
Elaine Cooper Wilburn ZuUo 
Christina Wong Leo 
Lucv Bullock Worrell 


Deborah 1. Ballard Adams 
Diane Banyar 

Suzanne Barefoot Meacham 
Diane Beaudoin Dodd 
Elizabeth Eve Belk 
Melanie Sue Best 
Susan Bethune Bennett 
Laura Boyd Mathews 
Janet Marie Bradley Fryzel 
BetteW Broadwell 
Martha Sue Brock Watters 
Laura Bess Cox Abare 
Debby Daniel-Bryant 
Leslie Doyle Btenegat 
Patricia Ann DuPont Easterlin 
Sandra L. Fowler 
Ana Spencer Gait 
Mary Beth Gardiner 
Nancy Eleanor Graham 
Anne Christopher Griner 
Nancy Kimberly Gzeckowic: 
Karol Hammer Stephens 
Carol Hedrick Howard 
Julie Lynn Johnston Wiggins 
Anne Cuttis Jones 
Evelyn L. Kirby Jones 
Lillian M. Kosmosky Kiel 
Virginia Lee McMurray 
Julia H. McFerrin 
Marion Elizabeth McGreevy 

Ann Lawrence Mock Elirando 
Rosalie Nichols 
Margaret Pfeiffer Elder 
Marjorie Anne Pirkle Morgan 
Karen Leslie Rogers Burkett 
Mary Pamela Roukoski Webb 
Shannon RudJell 
Donna Joyce Sanson 
Donna Stixrud Crawford 
Gertrude O, Stone 
Sust Van VIeck Patton 
Nina Wiggins Fazio 
Lisa Kay Worthey Keller 


Donna R. Addm^ 

Catherine Elizabeth Beck 

Debbie Jean Boelter Bonner 

Sherri Gay Brown 

Sandra Anne Burson Hosford 

Rebecca Burtz Melton 

Kimberly Jeanne Clark 

Paxson Collins 

Sheryl Ann Cook 

Carmen Elizabeth Crumbley Cross 

Cindy Dantzler Shearer 

Patricia Elebash 

Dottie Bliss Enslow Putnal 

Cynthia L. Evans 

Sarah Ann Fairburn 

Gloria Maria Fernandez Baden 

Vicki Lee Fitzgerald 

Nannette LaRue Gee Mclntyre 

Susie E. Ham Deiters 

Cynthia Marie Hampton 

Carolyn Lee Harber 

Kemper Hatfield Giaham 

Rebecca Ann Hendrix Painter 

Mary Anne Hill 

Lisa Hope Johnson Kiel 

Be\'erley Coltrane Jones Suther 

Christiana T Lancaster Reese 

Lisa Ann Lee Quenon 

Susan 0. Little 

Sharon L. Maitland Moon 

Elizabeth Mosgrove 

Keller Leigh Murphy Torrey 

Sally Nalley Hoffman 

Rose Mane Perez Stokes 

Lynne Perry Sales 

Helen Melissa Rawl 

Marcia Kim Robinson 

Tracy Romaine Rowland Pernn 

Judith Ann Smith Willis 

Margaret Rose Somers Shepard 

Dixie Lee Washington 

Susan RayeWilkie Welch 

Anna Lisa Wilson 

Katherine Zarkowsky Broderick 

1981 ~ 

Helen Ruth Anderson Arnngton 
Beth Arant Mcllwain 
Martha Leigh Armour Watters 
Nancy Louise Brock Johnson 
Darby Bryan Craddock 
Millie Jan Carpenter Eads 
Carol Ruth Chapman 
Stephanie Jane Chisholm 
Kelley Ann Coble 
Carol S. Colbe 
Jeanne Mane Cole 
Rebecca Suzanne Dayton 
Nancy Elizabeth Dorsey 
Mary Elizabeth DuBose Amaker 
Kathrvn Fogie Huffman 
Juby Ann Fountain 
Maryanne Gannon Deaton 
Jennifer Louise Giles Evans 
Alexandra Y. Gonsalves Brooks 
Nancy Lee Griffin 
Henrietta C Halliday 
Ann Douglas Harris Merrill 
Karen Arlene Hellender 
Beth Anne Jewett Brickhouse 
Susan Gail Kennedy Blackwood 
Laura Klettner Bynum 
Maribeth Madeline Kouts 
Teresa Anne Layden 
M. Kim Lenoir 
Sarah B, LeserStom 
Joan HanceLoeb 
Jovce Ludvigsen 
Kathleen Anne McCunnitf 
Laurie McMillian Anderson 
Pamela Jean Moore 
Pamela Deborah Mynatt 
Laura D. Newsome 
Monica Susan O'Quinn 
Julie Oliver Link 
Kim M. Parrish 
Barbara Massey Patton 
Lucille Perez 
Lucia Wren Rawls 
Lydia Reasor Dayton 

Beth A. Richards 

Adrienne K. Ryan 

Stephanie Anne Segars 

Shan Diane Shaw 

Martha Sheppard 

Margaret E. Shirley 

Janet Rae Smith 

Susan G. Smith 

Sandra Keys Sprague 

Lynn Pace Stonecypher 

Claudia Caraway Stucke 

Karen Lee Tapper Van deGraaff 

Sarah Elizabeth Toms 

Susan Thorp Wall 

Luci Neal Wannamaker Daley 

Susan Claire Wannamaker McCunnitf 

Elizabeth L.Wech 

Lynda Joyce Wimberly 

Harnett Wiseman 

Tern Wong Handler 


Anita Patricia Barbee 

Nancy Lynn Blake 

Bonnie Lynn Brooks 

Margaret Vanneman Bynum 

Margaret Carpenter Beain 

W Burlette Carter 

Cristina Sue Clark 

Carol Ann Conner 

Elizabeth Frances Daniel Holder 

Peggy Elizabeth Davis Gold 

Bonnie Gay Etheridge Smith 

Lu Ann Ferguson 

Kathleen Bell Fulton 

Catherine E, GarriguesSzelistowski 

Alice V. Harra Maresanz 

Ashley Mack Jeffries 

Joy L. Jun 

Virginia Ruth Lyon 

E. Meredith Manning 

Sallie Taylor Manning 

Susan Virginia Mead 

Margaret Renee Miller Hudson 

Barbara Payne Owen Harkey 

Susan Alice Proctor Nelsen 

Caroline McKinney Reaves Wilson 

Christia Dawn Riley Ashmore 

Sata Robinson Chambless 

Marjory Sivewright Morford 

Marvellen Palmer Smith Hittel 

Sandra Leigh Thome Johnson 

Alice Margaret Todd Butker 

Christine Ann Veal Hnskins 

Elizabeth O'Hear Young 

Emma A. Villafane Zell 


Mary Katherine Bassett Riggall 

Aria Bateman Redd 

Beverly Ellen Bell 

deAlva Anne Blake 

Katherine Friend Blanton Park 

Caroline Geller Bleke 

Lynda Anne Brannen Williamson 

Carie Cato Pursley 

Nancy Caroline Connell 

Laura Carolyn Crompton 

Martha Echols Fowler 

Daphne Faulkner 

Carolyn Rose Goodman 

Ruth S. Green 

Kathryn Hart 

Lauta Lavinia Head 

Maria Luisa Inserni 

Julie Ketchersid Stephens 

Cecily Lane Langford 

Patricia LeeAnne Leathers 

Bonnie Letfingwell Callahan 

Laurie Kerlen McBrayer 

Mar\ J. Morder 

Shan Lee Nichols Clifton 

Amy Wynelle Potts 

Sallie Ashlin Rowe Roberts 

Phyllis M.Scheines 

Kern Schetlack Baldonado 

Anna Mane P. Stern 

Jody Renea Stone 

Susan C. Whitten 


The Alumnae Associations 

symposium, ''Violence Against 

Women, " drew more than 140 

people from the Atlanta area. 

Sharon Lynn NX'uod-. 
Charlotte F. Wright Ealick 
Susan B. Zorn Chehon 

1984 ~ 


Mehssa Glenn Abernathy 

Ehraheth E. Abreu 

Louise Bailey 

Tracy Leigh Baker 

Betsy Lou Benning 

Julie Ann Bradley 

Janet Leigh Bundnck 

Kathleen Noel Campbell 

Caroline Lebby Cooper Wilhelm 

Heather Louise Crockett 

Lyn Smith Deardortf 

Katherine K. Edwards Moore 

Elizabeth Yates Faison 

Suzanne Celeste Feese 

Elirabeth Gregory Finklea Freeman 

Catherine Esteiie Fleming 

Kim Lynn Fortenherry 

Donna Lynn Garrett 

Elizabeth G. Hallman 

Fara Ann Haney Avery 

Joy Johnson Johnson 

Eva Danon Jones 

Karen Elizabeth Kaiser 

Denise Mazza 

Rachel Ehzabeth McConnell 

Sarah H. McCullough 

Deborah Ann McLaughlin 

Mary Susanna Micheison Goheen 

M. Alicia Paredes 

Nancy Elizabeth Poppleton 

Susan Land Scoville 

Celia Mane Shackletord 

Katherine Heathe Sibrans 

Dorothy Kidd Siguell 

Cynthia Ann Stewart 

Ellen Renee Thomas Lebby 

Charlotte Canham Ward 

Ann Bonniwell Weaver 

Chandra Yvette Webb 

Cynthia Lynn White Tynes 

Alice M. Whitten Bowen 

Karen Elizabeth Young 

1985 ~ 

Barbara Eileen Altman 
Kari Lynn Banks 
Bradie Catherine Barr 
Sharon B. Bennett 
Mary Anne Birchheld 
Kaisa H. Bowman 
Elizabeth Sterling Boyd 
Joan Smith Brooks 
Kristen Sojourner Burgess 
Carol Ann Buterbaugh 
Doris Gray Butler 
Meri Laird Cain 
Pamela A. Clanton 
Sharon K. Core 
Anne Baxter Coulling 
Bonnie Lou Crannell 
Janet Cumming 
Alva Kathleen Dombhart 
Ann Caldwell DuPree 
Rebecca A. Fornwalt 
Patricia Gannon 
Jennifer E. Gazzola 
Elizabeth Ann Henson Toland 
Cynthia Susan Jordan 
Laura Louise Lones 
Lori Ann Manion 
Sally Joanne Maxwell 
Nancy Elizabeth McMurr>- 

Deadra Lynn Moore 

Laura Ann Newton 

Catherine E. Pakis 

Nancy Grazia Patierno 

Elizabeth Hallman Snitzer 

Kimberlv Spinnett Dameworth 

Elizabeth F. Stevenson 

Dawn Michele Teague 

Virginia Ann Thompson 


Joanna Margaret WledemanQuillen 

Anne Williams 

Ann Marie Witmondt 


Mercedes Badia-Moro 


Dianne Smith Pornbush 


Nancv Carol Alexander 


Alumnae Association 

Atlanta Evening Alumnae Club 

Barrow-Gwinnett-Newron Alumnae 

Centra! Florida Alumnae Club 
Southeast Georgia Alumnae Club 



Addison Corporation 
*TheA.S.Abell Company 

* AT&TCo 

* Alabama Power Company 

* Alcoa Foundation 

* Allied Corporation Foundation 

* The Allstate Foundation 
American Chemical Society 

* American Express Foundation 

* Arthur Andersen and Company 
Atlanta Foundation 

Atlanta Coca-Cola Bottling 

* Atlantic Richfield Foundation 
Bailey Associates, Architects 

* Bank South Corporation 
Beers Construction Company 

* BellSouth Corporation 
Bettendort News 

Blake Builders Supply Company 
Blake P. Garrett, Sr. Foundation 

* Blue Bell Foundation 

* Bowater Carolina Corporation 

* Brown Group, Inc. Charitable Trust 

* The Burroughs Corporation 

* Carolina Mills, Incorporated 
Caraustar Industries, Inc- 

* Carrier Corporation Foundation 

* Carter Hawley Hale Stores Inc. 

* Champion international Foundation 
Charles Loridans Foundation Inc. 

* Chevron Oil Company 

* The Citizens 6(, Southern Corporation 

* Citizens and Southern Fund 

* Clorox Company 

* The Coca-Cola Company 

* Columbia Gas Transmission 
Community Shopper 

* Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance 

* Cummins Engine Foundation 

* DeloitteHaskinsSt Sells 

' Dennison Manufacturing Company 
' Dow Chemical Company 
' Dresser Foundation, inc. 
' Duke Power Company 

' Eaton Corporation 
' Engelhard Corporation 

* Equitable Life Assurance Society 
' Ethyl Corporation 

' Exxon Educational Foundation 
' Federal National Mortgage 

* Federated Department Stores 
' First Atlanta Foundation Inc. 
' First Union National Bank 

' The Fluor Foundation 

' Ford Motor Company 

' Foundation of Greater Greensboro 

' Foundation of the Litton Industries 

Francis L. Abreu Trust 

Fuller &, Johnson 

' The General Electric Foundation 
' Georgia-Pacific Corporation 

* Gould. Incorporated 
^ Harris Foundation 

Harry L. Dalton Foundation, Inc. 
' Harttord Insurance Group Foundation 
' Hercules Incorporated 
' Hewlett Packard 

Howard H. Callaway Foundation, Inc. 
' IBM 

^ International Paper Company 

J. M. Tull Foundation 

J agger's 
^ Johnson&Higgins of Georgia. Inc. 
' Johnson &.Higgins of Washington, 

' Joseph E. Seagram Si Sons, Inc. 

Katherine John Murphy Foundation 

* Kendall Company Foundation 

*' Kimberly-Clark Foundation, Inc. 

Lanier Brothers Foundation 

Lewis H. Beck Foundation 

Lite insurance Company of Georgia 
' Lincoln National Life Insurance Corp. 

Mac's Continental Cafe 

Marnie Foundation 

* Martin Marietta Corporation 
Mattie H. Marshall Foundation 

* May Department Stores Company 

* The McGraw-Hill Foundation. Inc. 

* McNeil Pharmaceutical 
The Mead Corp Foundation 
Metropolitan Atlanta Community 


* Milliken and Company 

* Monsanto Fund 

* N.C.R. Foundation 
National Data Corporation 
National Elevator Corporation 

* New York Life Foundation 

* Norfolk Southern Corporation 

* Northern Telecom Inc. 

* Owens-Corning Fiberglas 

Patterson-Barclay Memorial 

* Pennsylvania Power &. Light Company 
Pepsi-Cola Bottling Company of 


* Pfizer Incorporated 

* Philip Morris, inc. 

* Pitney Bowes 

* Plantation Pipe Line Company 

* Provident Life and Accident 

* Prudential Foundation 
Quad City Arts Council 

' R. J. Reynolds Industries, Inc. 
Rabern-Nash Company. Inc. 

* Raytheon Company 
Research Corporation 

* Reynolds Metals Company 


* Rohm and Haas Company 
Scott County Advertiser 
Sears-Roebuck Foundation 

* Shell Companies Foundation inc. 

* South Central Bell 
Southern lllinoisan 

* Southern Bell 

* Southern Company Services 

Spanky's, Inc. 

* Sperry Corporation 

* Springs Industries. Inc. 

* State Farm Insurance 

* State Street Bank & Trust Company 
Stella & Charles Guttman Foundation 

* Sun Life Assurance Company of 

Sweetwater Paper Board Company 

* TRW Foundation 

* Tanner Companies. Inc. 

* Texaco Incorporated 

* Texas instruments Foundation 

* The Blount Foundation. Inc. 
The Citizens &. Southern Bank 

* The Delta Air Lines Foundation 
The Journal Times 

The Quad City Times 
The UPS Foundation, Inc. 

* Time Incorporated 
Town Talk 

Trans us 

* Trust Company Bank 

* U.S. Fidelitv and Guaranty 
U.S. BarYGrill 

* Union Carbide Corporation 

* Union Oil Co. of California 


* Union Pacific Corporation 

* United Virginia Bankshares 
Valdosta Drug Company 

Walrer Clifton Foundation Inc. 

* Winn-Dixie Stores Foundation 


Mr. Peter M. Abreu 
Mr. D. Stephen Acuft 
Mr. Gary B. Adams 
Jill Adams 

Mr. John B- Adams Jr. 
Juanita .Adams 
Mr. >Sl Mrs. LeRoy R. Adams 
Mr. & Mrs. M.D.Adams 
Dr. W.Lloyd Adams 
Mr. Thomas E. Addison Jr. 
Mr. M. Bernard Aidinoff 
Mr. S. B. Albeajr. 
Mr. Don M. Alexander 
Mr. Hooper .Alexander III 
Mr. Walter B. Alexander 
Mr. WiltiamJ, Alfnendjr, 
Mr. Bona Allen IV 
Mr. & Mrs. Bona Allen Hi 
Mr. M.W.. Alston Jr. 
Dr. Wallace M.Alston Jr. 
Dr. Wallace M.Alston. Sr. 
Mr.W. L.Ambrose Jr. 
Mr. J. Stephen Anderson 
Mr. R. W. Anderson 
Dr. Tom B. Anderson 
Mr. Robert L. Archibald jr. 
Mr. Richard L. Armfield 
Mr. Joel C. .Armistead 
Mr. AlvaJ. Armstrong 
Mr. Thomas S. Arrington 
Mr. Robert Lawrence Ashe Jr. 
Mr. C. Eugene Askew 
Mr. James W- .Atkinson 
Dean S. Attaway 
Mr. Joseph W.Aull 
Mr. Donald R. Avery 
Mr. Marvin B. .Aycock Jr. // ' 
Dr. Howard Aylward'Jr. -'' 
Mr. Charles 1. Babcockjr. 
Mr. Stephen A. Bacon 
Mj. Achilles N. Bafas 
"' Mr. T Maxfield Bahner 
Mr. Milton Bailey 
Mr. Charles E. Baker Sr. 
Mr. Alfred H.Balch 

Mr. Robert M. Baldonado 
Mr. Robert M. Balentine 
Mr. C. Perry Bankston 
Mr. O'Neal Bardin 
Mr. Alan Barfcmt 
Mr. Timothy W. Barker 
Mr. Henry J. Barnes 
Mr. R. H. Barnhardt 
Mr. Brantley Barr 
Mr. j. C. Barrow 
Mr. Thomas L. Bass 
Dr, John W.Bates 
Mr.J.L. Batts 
Mr. Charles Walter Baucum 
Mr. Ander Beam 
Mr. FL. Beasleyjr. 
Mr. AmosT Bcason 
Mr. Henry A. Beattie III 
Mr. M.J. Beebf 
Mr. Edward W.Beglin Jr. 
Prof. David R Behan 
Mr. Clarence E. Bengtson 
Mr. John A. Bennett 
Mr. Michael G. Bennett 
Mr. Maurice J. Bernard 
Mr. B. Carroll Berry 
Rev. Edward R, Berry Jr. 
Prof. Gunther Bicknese 
Mr. William T Black 
Mr. D. F Blackwelder 
Mr. James S. Blain 
Mr. J. W.Blake 
Dr. Max M. Blumberg 
Joan Heiges Blythe 
Mr. Roland W. Bockhorst 
Mr. Richard P. Boggs 
Mr. Roy B. Bogue 
Mr. Michael S. Bohan 
Mr. Herbert A. Bolton Jr. 
Mr. Charles H. Boney 
Mr. Donald L. Boney 
L'rsula M. Booch 
Mr. DavidH.Booherlli 
Mr. David A. Booth 
Mr. & Mrs. Henry L. Bowden 
Mr. Robert C. Bowden 
Mr, Jerome J. Boyd 
Mr. Wilham H. Boyd 
Mr. Patrick E. Boyt 
Mr. WJ.Brame 
Mr. Harilee Branch Jr. 
Mr. R. Alfred Brand III 
Rev. R. Bruce Brannon 
Mr. Philippe A. Briandet 
Mr. Fred T Bridges Jr. 
Mr. John Bright 
Mr. Joe Brittain Jr. 
Mr. Thomas H. Broadusjr. 
Mr. &Mrs.W.C. Broadwell 
Mr. John Broderick 
Mr. Eugene E. Brooks 
Mr. George W. Brooks 
Mr. Hugh D. Broome Sr. 
Mr. John Abel Brothers Jr. 
Mr. Morris H. Broudy 
Mr. Bennett .A. Brown 
Mrs. Byron K. Brown 
Mr. David J. Brown 
Mr, Glenn A. Brown 
Mr. 1. C. Brown 
Mr, James Pope Brown 
Mr. Joseph E. Brown 
Mr. Rodney C. Brown 
Mr. &. Mrs, Carl J. Bruechert 
Mr, &, Mrs. W. H. Bruejiing 
Mr. Lacy H. BriimfielJ 
George.W. Brian 
Dr. PlntiipsR. Bryan 
'Joseph Allen Bryant Jr. 
Mr. Bruce L. Bryson Jr. 
Mr. J. 0. Buchanan 
Mr, Wilham E.Bullard 
Mr. George D. Bullock 
Mr. Donald L. Burch 
Mr. Edward B. Burdett 
Dr. Dan Burge 
Laurence E. Burgess 
Mr. Michael W Burkett 
Dr. J- Andrew Burnam 

Provided matching funds 


Mr. Kevin Burns 

Dr. WadeW. Buinside 

Dr. & Mrs. John H. Burson III 

Mr. Ernest L. Bush Jr. 

Mr. Robert M, Bush Jr. 

Mr. H. Bennett Butker 

Mr. H. Scott Butler 

Mr. Nixon Butt 

Gordon Calhoun Bynum 

Mr. George W. Calduell 

Mr. Howard E. Caldwell 

Mr. Brian T. Callahan 

Mr. Howard H. Callaway 

Mr. T. M. Callaway Jr. 

Mr. Daniel David Cameron 

Mr. J. Michael Campbell 

Mr. Ralph V. Campbell 

Mr. Scott Candler Jr. 

Mr. J. WillisCantey 

Mr. Michael D. Carbo 

Mr. Ben W. Carmichael 

Mr. J. H. Carmichael 

Mr. James Williams Carroll 

Mr. William B. Carssow 

Mr. Belfield H. Carterjr. 

Mr. & Mrs. Claiborne R. Carter 

Mr. Joe M. Carter 

Mr. John S. Carter 

Mr. Alfred E. Chaffee 

Mr. Jeffrey L. Chamberlain 

Mr. Robert Keith Chambless 

Dr. & Mrs. Walter B. Chandler 

Colonel Robert I. Channon 

Mr. R. E. Chapman 

Mary C. Chastain 

Mr. George M. Chester 

Mr. Ralph C. Christensen 

Mr. Schuyler M. Christian 

Mr. Terry E. Christopher 

Mr. H. V. Clanton 

Mr. Edwin M. Clapp Jr. 

Mrs. Virginia C. Clark 

Mr. Dan C. Clarke 

Mr. Harvey B. Clarke 

Mr. Joseph R. Clarke Jr. 
Mr. Francis O. Clarkson 

Mr. Stuart Clifton 
[ Mr. Donald G. Clodfelter 

Mr. Alva C. Cobb 

Mr. Tommy H. Cobb 

Prof. Augustus B. Cochran 
, Mr. John M. Cochran Jr. 

Mr. Oscar Cohen 
< Dr. Jim F.Cole 
• Mr. Madison F Cole Jr. 

■ Dr. & Mrs. W.F. Collar Jr. 
Dr. Thomas .\. Ceilings 

I Mr. Stephen Alan Collins 

■ Mr. James R C. Colyer 
Mr. Paul E. Conlan 
Douglas M. Connell 

Mr. Pemberton Cooley III 
Dr. William H. Cooner 
Mr. Jim B. Cooper 
Mr. Robert M. Cothran 
Mr. James H. Cox 
Dr. Ronald B. Cox 
Mr. Richard Cromer 
Mr. Si Mrs. T Allen Crouch 
Mr. James R. Cro:ier Jr. 
Mr. AlCulbrethJr. 
Rev. Charles A. Culbreth Jr. 
Mr. Fred Culpepper Jr. 
Mr. Lewis E. Culver 
Mr. James B. Cumming 
Mr. Joseph B. Cumming 
Mr. Charles B. Cunningham 
Mr. & Mrs. William M. Curd 
Dr. William A. Curr>' 
The Reverend James D. Curtis 
Mr. Larry J. Dagenhart 
Mr. Bradley L. Daley Jr. 
Mr. Harry L. Dalton 
Mr. James G. Dalton 
William C. Dameworth 
Mr. William F. Dance Jr. 
Mr. Albeit Daniel 
Mr. E. Ross Daniel 
Captain J. Wallace Daniel Jr. 

Mr. James F Daniel 111 

Mr. Lorenzo N. Dant:lerlV 

Mr. J. B. Davidson 

Rev. C. Edward Davis 

Frances Davis 

Mr. Neil O. Davis 

Mr. Ovid R. Davis 

Dr. Robert R Davis 

Mr. Joe Davis Deadwyler 

Decatur Presbyterian. Women of the 

David W. Deitersjr. 
Dr. Dirk P. Dekoch 
Mr. J. Dennis Delafield 
Mr. Terry J. Delph 
Dr. & Mrs. L. del Portillo 
Mr. James W. Dewberry 
Mr. Samuel D. DiNardo 
Dr. Marion F. Dick 
Mr. Ralph J. Dickerson 
Mr. & Mrs. Franklin G. Dill 
Professor Donald Dobbs 
Mr. Mark H. Dodd 
Mr. Terry C. Domni 
Mr. Harry M. Donaldson 
Mr. Robert A. Donnan 
Mr. Robert Thomas Dooley Jr. 
Mr. Robert E. Dornbush 
Mr. Hugh M. Dorsey Jr. 
Mr. Charles L. Douglas Jr. 
Dr. H. Jackson Downey 
Mr. HarleyFDruryJr. 
Dr. James L. DuBard 
Mr. Max L. Dufenyjr. 
Mark M. Dumas 
Mr. Barry L. Dunaway 
Dr. and Mrs. B. E. Dunaway 
Dr. Dan A. Dunaway 
Dr. & Mrs. Gary S. Dunbar 
Maj. Gen. George T. Duncan 
Mr. Howard G. Dunlap 
Mr. Robert Dunn 

Dr. E. M- Dunstan 

Dr. Florene Dunstan 

David S. Durant 

Mr. Robert C. Dyer 

Mr. Frederick John Ealick Jr. 

Mr. John D. Earle 

Mrs. Ruth G. Early 

Mr. William F.Easterlin 111 

Mr. & Mrs. Percy Echols 

Mr. Thomas K. Eddins Jr. 

Mr, Clyde C. Edgerton 

Mr. David H. Edington Jr. 

Rev. Bruce K. Edwards 

Mr. Ken E. Edwards Jr. 

Mr. OrtoR. Ellarsjr. 

Mr. Phillip L.Elliott 

Mr. John B.Ellis Jr. 

Mr. George M. Elrod Jr. 

Mr. Edward E. Elson 

Mr. Ralph Lawrence Ely 111 

Mr. Thomas H. Espy Jr. 

Mr. Coley L. Evans Jr. 

Dr. Robert A. Evans 

Mr. Vaughn R. Evans 

Mr. Leonard M. Fabian 

Mr. C. R. Farmer 

Mr. Frederick N. Farrell 

Dr. Duncan Farris 

Mr, J. E. Faulkner Jr. 

Mr. Donald P. Ferguson 

Mr. Chester O. Fischer 

Mr, George H. Fitzgerald 

Mr. Charles B. Flannagan II 

Dr. J. D. Fleming Jr. 

Dr. William A. Flinn 

Mr. Walter S.Flory 

Mr, Langdon S, Flowers 

Mr. &t Mrs. L. Lamar Floyd 

Mr. George H. Folsom 111 

Mr. Eugene V. Fontaine 

AshhyM. Foote, III 

Mr. AsaB. Foster Jr. 

Mr. H. Quintin Foster 

Mr. Alex D. Fowler 

Dr. C. Dixon Fowler 

Robert Fowler 

ParhamR. Fox, M.D. 

Dr. Neil R. Fraistat 
Dr. Van Fraser 
Mr. Wayne .\. Frazier 
Mr. James R. Freeman 
Mr. Ted R. French 
Mr. FredR. Freyerjr. 
Mr. Mark D. Frutchey 
Mr. Edward S. Fryzel 
Philip Gallant 
Robert Thomas Galloway Jr. 
Mr. Joel Gait 
Mr. Thomas Gannon 
Mrs. Paul L. Garber 
Dr. PaulL. Garber 
Mr. Joseph H. Gardner 
Kathenne B. Gardner 
Mr. William B. Gardner 
Mr. Blake P Garrett 
Mr. Franklin M. Garrett 
Dr. Julia T. Gary 
Mrs. M. W. Gattshall 
Mr. Clarence W. Gault 
Mr. Gregory C. Gelcius 
Mr. L. L. Gellerstedtjr. 
Mrs. Pearl Gellersredt 
Mr. Louis .A. Gerlandjr. 
Mr. Frank H. Gibbesjr. 
Mr. Jerry M. Gilley 
Kathleen H. Gladding 

Mr. Marion B. Glover Jr. 

Sandra Mayfield Gluck 

Mr. Christopher H. Goheen 

Lewis E. Goodman Jr. 

Kate B. Goodson 

Mark Goodson 

Mr- Thomas W Goodwin Jr. 

Mrs. Rachel R. Gordon 

Mr. Robert Wayne Gorgorian 

Mr. Barry D. Goss 

Mr. Edward P Gould 

Mr. William F GowJr. 

Mrs. M. Howard Gowing Jr. 

W. Grant King 

Alice M. Grass 

Mr. William M. Graves 

Mr. J. Michael Grayson, M.D. 

Mr. Cecil J. Green 

Mr. R. Travers Green 

Mr. Samuel P Greer 

Dr. James Gregory 

Dr. J. David Griffin 

Mr. Robert L. Griffin 111 

Mr. Tucker Grigg Jr. 

Dr. J. Howard Griner 

Dr. J. H. Grollman 

Dr. Nancy Groseclose 

Dr. RoberrL.GrubbJr. 

Mr. Robert L. Guttm 

Dr. Marshall A. Gmll 

Mr. William B. Hairrell 

Mr. Conrad M.Hall 

Mr. Jesse S.Hall 

Rev. P. V Hall 

Mr. HughC. Hamilton 

Mr. Alfred D. Hammes 

Mr. Donald L. Handell 

Mr. David M. Handler 

Mr. Porter Hardy Jr. 

Mr. H. H. Hargrett 

Mr. Robert S. Harkey 

Mr. Benjamin F Harmon 111 

,Mr. Edward P Harper 

Mr. Edwin L, Harper 

Mr. Robert WinnfredHarrell 

Mr. David J. Harris 

Mr. George L. Harris Jr. 

Mr. George W. Harrisjr. 

Mr. William S.Harris 

Mr. & Mrs. John S. Harrison 

Mr. Thomas K. Hartley 

Mr. Kenneth J. Hartwein 

Mr. Sam F Hatcher 

Mr. Edward G. Hawkins 

Mr. Sidney E. Hawkins 

Dr. Lewis S. Hay 
Mr. James Haves 
Mr. Robert Wesley Hayes Jr. 
Dr. William H. Haynie 
" Mr. L. B. Hazzard 

Mrs. Katherine S. Hearn 

Mr. RoberrC. Heffronjr. 

Mr. James M. Heiskelljr. 

Mr. U. V. Henderson 

Mr. Charles L. Henry Jr. 

Mr. Chuck Henry 

Mr. R. LaRoche Hcriot 

Mr. R. Maurice Hernandez 

Jane Titus &. C. A. Hessler 

D. Russell Hickman 

Mr. Earl L. Hickman 

Dr. Basil V Hicks 

Mr. J. Jeffrey Hicks 

Mr. &Mrs. C. B. Highland Jr. 

Mr. JohnD. Hightower 

Mr. W. H.Hightowerjr. 

Robert Hild 

Mr. Fred E. Hill 

Mr. Josephs. Hill 

Rev. William S.Hill 

Mr. Earl Hillard 

Mr. Henry L. Hills 

Mr. PaulG. Hines 

Mr. Joe E. Hodge 111 

Mr. Howard .A. Hoffman 

Thomas W. Hogan 

Mr. Scott Hogg 

Mr. John S. Hollerorth 

Mr. William C.Hollins 

Mr. Robert G. Holman 

Mr. Edward S. Holmes 

Dr. Arvah Hopkins 

Dr. L. B. Hopkins Jr. 

Mr. William P Hopkins 

Mr. Jon E. Hornbuckle 

Mr. Carey J. Home 

Mr. E. S. Horney 

Mr. J. Thomas Horton 

Mr. Robert M. Horton 

DavidA. Hosford, M.D. 

Mr. .Alan K. Hosley Sr. 

Mr. Vladimir Hospadaruk 

Mr. George W. Howell Jr. 

Mr. W. Slocum Howlandjr. 

Mr. William D. Hoyt 

Dr. Thomas J. Hudak 

Mr. Jewell Bell Hudgins Jr. 

James P Hudson 

1st Lt. Jeffrey D. Hudson 

Mr. William T Hudson jr. 

Mr. Richard V. Hughes 

Mr. RufusR. Hughes II 

Mr. Charles C.Hull 

Mr. St Mrs. Louis P Humann Sr. 

Hans & Jackie Hunecke 

Mr. James E. Hunter 

Dr. Richard G. Hutchesonjr. 

Mr. Leonard N. Hutchinson Jr. 

Mr. J. .\. Ingman Jr. 

Mr. G. Conley Ingram 

Mr. Charles E. Irvin 

Rev. JohnM. Irvine Jr. 

Mr. Charles P. Jackson 

Dr. Daniel F. Jackson 

Mr. James Jackson 

Mr. Larry P Jackson 

Mr. McDaniel Jackson 

Mr. Vernon E. Jackson 

Mr. Daniel L. Jac^tbs 

Mr. W. D. Jemison Jr. 

Mr. Archie O. Jenkins II 

Judith Bourgeois Jensen 

Rev & Mrs Robert W. Jeweti 

Mrs. .Adeline M. Johnson 

Mr. C. E. Johnson jr. 

Mr. David C. Johnson 

Mr. E. T Johnsvtn jr. 

Mr. Edward A. Johnson 

Mr. J. K. Johnson 

Mr. James E. Johnson 

Mr. Joseph A. Johnson 

Mr. Leonard H. Johnson 

Mr. Pierce Johnson jr. 

Mr. Ralph W. Johnson 

Mr. William B, Johnson 

Mr. Ernest B. Johnston Jr. 

Mr. Joseph F Johnston 

Mr. Smith L. Johnston 

Mr. Boisfcuillei Jones 

Mr. J. Malcolm Jones 

Mr. Laurence M. Jones 

Dr. Ronald M.Jones Jr. 

Mr. Philip D.Jory 

Mr. Hugh H. Joyner 

Harry T. & Betty C. Jukes 

Dr. J. B. Justice 

Mr. William W.Kaduck Jr. 

Mr. John F. Kagy 

Mr. James L. Kanellos 

Mr. Thomas C. Kearns 

Mr. Paul Keenan 

Mr. D. Lacy Keesler 

Mr. GarnettL. Keith 

Dr. Alan Keith-Lucas 

Mr. Thomas N. Kell 

Mr. Scott H. Keller 

Mr. William M.Keller 

Mr. Charles M.Kelley 

Mr. K. K. Kelley 

Mr. Richard Y. Kelley 

Mr. H.Jervey Kelly 

Mr. John L. Kemmerer 

Mr. James R. Kennedy 

Mr. Donald R. Keough 

Mr. W. D. Kerbyjr. 

Mr. Richard C. Kesslcr 

Mr. Robert S. Keyset 

Mr. JohnT. Kibler 

Mr. Gary C. Kiel 

Mr. Henry S. Kiel 

Forrest fiijeannette Kilmer 

Mr. J. D. Kirvenjr. 

Mr. Robert J. Klett 

Mr. S. John Klertner 

Dr. C. Benton Kline Jt. 

Mr. James H. Knight 

Mr. & Mrs. Thomas ?. Knox Jr. 

The Rev. Donald F. Kokomoor 

Rosemarv Kriner 

Rev. William H. Kryder 

Mr. John .\. LaBrie 

Mr. Frank M. Laboureur 

Mr. George S. Lambert 

Mr. Lewis H. Lancaster Jr. 

Mr. Chester H. Landrumjr. 

Mr. Charles C. Langstonjr. 

Mr. Joseph E. Lay 

Mr. WilliamJ. Layng 

Mr. James .^. LeConte 

Mr. Leonard E. LeSourd 

Mr. James C. Leathers 

Mt. DavidA. Lehby 

Mr. George H. Lee 

Mr. Robert E. Lee 

Mr. James A. Leitchjr. 

Mr. James J. Leitch 

Prof. William W. Leonard 

Mr. Louis L. Lesesne 

Mr. Donald A. Leslie 

Mrs. Kenr A. Leslie 

Mr. Robert M. Leslie 

Prof. Robert N. Leslie 

Mr. & Mrs. C. Howard Leveritt 

Judith R. Levine 

Mr. Charles H. Lewis 

Pauls. Liistrojr. 

Mr. J. W. Lindsley 111 

Mr. Stephen C. Link 

Mr. J. Burton Linker Jr. 

Mr. Sidney E. Linron 

Lucille Lisbv 

Mr. Ker Fah Liu 

Mr. Harry W. Livingston Jt. 

Mr. Wade H.Logan Jr. 

Mr. Zachary F Long 

Mr. Richard Lotspeich 

Mrs. Elsie W. Love 

Mr. J. ErskineLoveJr. 

Mr. R. Kenneth Lown 

Mr. RobertJ. Luisana 

Dr. & Mrs. Sanders T Lyies 

Mr. Boyd G. Lyon 

Mr. Patrick D. Mahon 

Mr. James Mairs 

Dr. James M. Major 

Mr. Mark Daniel Maloney 

Dr. John A. Maloofjr. 

Mr. .Albert M. Mangin 

■ 161985-1986 

** D.WMcd 

Mr. lames A. Manley 
Mr. \X'. ElhvMann 
Mr. J.imc5 V. Manning 
Anna K- MjnstielJ 
Mr. Joseph Manson 
?Toi. Kathryn A. Manuel 
Mr. Thomas E. Marler 
Mr, Thomas O.Marshall 
Dr. HarrvW. Martin 
Mr, J.M. Martin 
Mr, Ralph H. Martin 
Wr. 6i Mrs. Thomas L. Martin 
Mr. Anthony F. Masi 
Dr. Frank Alfred Mathes 
Mr. FernnY. Mathews 
Mr. Larry A. Mathews 
Mr. Stephen A. Mathews 
Mt. RohertH.Mauck 
Mr. Jewell C.Maxwell 
Dr-PrescottO. Mayjr. 
Dr. &Mr>. RuilM. McCain 
Rev. R.Don McCall 
Mr. Marion Richards McCallum 
Mr. H. W, McComb 
Cpr. Donald A. McCunnitY 
Mr, Glenn McCutchen 
Mr. Joseph McDonald 
Mr. Charles Diirward McDonell 
Mr. Robert M. McFarlandJr. 
Mr. William C.McFee 
Bonnie C. McGaha 
Mr. David L.McGee 
Mr. iSi. Mrs. Fred S. McGehee 
Prot. Terrv S. McGehee 
Mr. LarryJ. McGlothlm 
Mr. &i Mrs. Robert E. Mcintosh 
Mr, William E. Mclntyre 
Mr. Dean G. McKee 
Prot. Kate McKemie 
Mr. Charles D. McKinnev Jr. 
Mr. Calvin B. McLaughlin 
Mr. John C. B. McLaughlin 
Mr. M.E. McMahon 
Mr. M. Shawn McMurray 
• Dr. W.Edward McNair 
Mr. Hector M. McNeill 
Mr. Ellis K. Meacham 
Mr. Norton Melaver 
Mr. James R.Mell 
Mr. Roger P. Melton 
Mr. Wayne G, Melton 
Mr. Ernest Merklein 
Mr. W Robert Mill 
Dr. John M, Miller 
Mr. Paul T Miller Jr, 
Mr, Robert G. Miller Jr. 
Dr. William L. Miller 
Mr. David S.Milligan 
Mr. William A. Mills 
Mr. V. A. Milton 
Mr.W. B. Minter 
Mr. Jerrold.A. Mirman 
Mr. Donald Grant Mitchell 
Mr. F M.Mitchell 
Mr. Richatd Mockridge 
Dr. Joseph C. Monaghan 
Mr, James B. Moon 
Mr. Carl Moore 
Mr. Park H. Moore Jr, 
Dr. Rayburn S. Moore 
Mr, David H. Moreau 
Mr, John MarkMortord 
Mr. Clit't E. Morgan jr. 
judi;e Lewis R. Morgan 
Mr. Thttnids E, Morns 
Mr. David P Morrow 
Dr. Chestet W. Morse 
Mr. John H, Morse 
Mr. Jack Moses 
Mr. R. G. Moulron 
Mr, James R. Moye 
Mr, Sam Mo:ley 
Mr. C, FMuckenfusslIl 
Captain Edward Muhlenteld 
Mr. Terry W, Muirhead 
Mr. Thomas H. MullerJr. 
Mr. James D. Mullins 
Mr. Thomas G. Mundyjr, 

Mr. PhihpMurkcttJr. 

Mr. A. T, Murphy Jr. 

Mr. Ralph J. Murphy 

Dr. Richard A. Naiman 

Mr. Franklin Nash 

Mr. Malcolm R Nash Hi 

Dr. Victor H. Nassar 

Mr. Harlan B.Naylor III 

Mr. Charles D. Nelsen 

Mr. Robert S. Nelson 

Lillian L. Newman 

Dr. James D. Newsome 

Miss Catherine Newton 

Mr. H. Gudger Nichols Jr. 

Dr. Malcolm B. Niednerjr. 

Mr. Franklin R, Nix 

Dr. J. Phillips Noble 

Dr. Jetlrey T. Nugent 

Mr.W. Enn.s O'Neal 

Mr. M. Lamar Oglesby 

Mr. & Mrs. R. Lamar Oglesb 

Dr. John G.Oliver 

Mr. Edward S. Olson 

Mr. Gary L. Orkin 

Dr. Donald S. Orr 

Dr. Mark T Orr 

Mr. Gordon A. Osborn 

Mr. Carl E. Osteen 

Mr. William A. Ott 

Dr, Walton H.Owens Jr. 

Mr. Lance W. Drier 

Mr. A. B. Padgett 

Dan Palmer Jr. 

Dr. Hayne Palmour 

Mrs. Susan H. Paredes 

Mr. John R. Park 

Steve H. Park 

Mr. J. E.Parker 

Mr. Frank C, Parkins 

Mr. John E. Parse 

Mr. C. D. Paschal 

Mr. Howard W. Patrick 

Dr. John H. Patton 

Dr. DavidW. Pearsalljr. 

Dr. RodoltoN, Pereijr. 

Miss Margaret M. Perry 

Dr. Marvin B. Perry Jr. 

Colonel William M- Perrymai 

Mr. Hugh Peterson Jr. 

Mr. Robert C. Petty 

Mr. >Si Mrs, John Pteitterjr. 

Rev. W. E. Phiterjr, 

Dr. Harry W. Philips 

Dr. J. Davison Philips 

CWO Charles B.Pickett 

Dr. JohnJ.Piel 

Mr. James M. Piette Jr. 

Mr. J. Douglas Pitts 

Mr, Samuel O. Poole 

Mr. Philip T Porter 

Dr. Barry Portnoy 

Dr. Walter B. Posey 

Mr. James Kerry Powell 

Mr. Stephen P. Powell 

Mr. George W. Power 

Mt. Joseph E. Poythress 

Col 6i MrsG. J. Prater Jr. 

Mr. & Mrs. C. C. Pre\'ost 

.'\dmiral Frank H. Price 

Mr. Robert R. Price 

Dr. CharloR. Propst 

Mr. Bernard Prudhomme 

J. Crayton Pruitt. M.D. 

Mr. Roger C. Purcell 

Mr. Michael G. Pursley 

Dr. Julian K. Quattlebaum 

Roger K. Quillen 

Mr. iSi Mrs. Benjamin Quintana 

Mr. Philip Ratterty 

Mr. &. Mrs, James B. Ramage 

Agustin A. Ramire: 

Mr. Robert H. Ramsey 

Mr. James K. Rankin 

Mr. Thomas Ransom 

Mr. J, BillieRayJr. 

Mr. W.Thomas Ray 

Ms. Agnes L. Reagan 

Mr, E. C, Reckardjr. 

Dr. Bryan L. Redd Jr. 

Dr. Curtis C Reding 

Mr. Joel F. Reeves 

Mr. Louis Regenstein Jr. 

LTC Donald E.Reid. RET 

Dr. James W.Remig 

Barbara Ann Renter 

Mrs. David R. Rice 

Mr. B.Scott Rich 

Colonel Jimmy A. Richardson 

Mr. CarIJ,Ricker 

Mr. Harry Wynn Rickey 

Ronald & Tarcella Rickinan 

Mr, Eugene N. Riddle 

Mr, Robert J. Rielly 

Mr.J. A. Riggsjr. 

Donald A. Ringe 

Mr. H. Erwin Robbinsjr. 

Mr. John Robbins 

Mr. Markley Roberts 

Rev. Raymond R. Roberts 

Mr. Earl L, Robertson 

Mr. John A. Robertson 

Mr, Thomas M. Robertson 

Mr. Leslie Robinson 

Rev. Sam G. Rogers 

Mr. Charles R. Romanchuk 

Mr. Stephen A, Roosjr. 

Mr. Richard G. Rosselot 

Mr, iSi Mrs. J. M. Rubens Jr. 

Mr. Rudolph A. Rubesch 

Mr. Thomas G. Rumora 

Mr, C. Robert Ruppenthal 

Mr, Ralph D. Rutenber 

Mr. Milton Ryman jr, 

Mr. Alexander Sager 

Mr. William K. Sales Jr. 

Mr. Hansford Sams jr. 

Mr, Thomas E. Sandetur jr. 
Prof. Dudley W.Sanders 
Henry C. Sawyer 
Patrick M. Scanlon 
Mr. William L,SchaferJr. 
Mr. Robert W. Schcar 
Dr.J.K. Schellack 
Mr. C. Oscar Schmidt Jr. 
President Ruth A. Schmidt 
Mr. Glenn G. Schooley 
Mr. 6iMrs, W. H.Schrader 
Mr. Richard M. Schubert 
Mary Leslie Scott 
Mr, Paul B, Scott Jr. 
Dr. Rickard B.Scott 
Virginia M. Scott 
Mr. Robert F. Seaton 
Dr. William J, Senter 
Mr. Henry R. Set:e jr. 
Mr. B. M. Sharian Sr. 
Mr. Henry Sharp jr. 
Mr, Harry B. Shaw 
Mr. j. C.Shaw 
S. Ray Shead 
Mr. Bruce Shearer 
Dr. Mary Boney Shears 
Mr. Frank Sheffield 
Mr. George H.Sheild 
Rev. L. Bartine Sherman 
Mr. William F Shewey 
Mr. John A. Shibut 
Mr. Angus J. Shingler 
Mr. Jtihn M. Shirley 
Mr. J. E. Shuey 
Mr. Horace H.Sibley 
Mr.W. A. L.Sibley jr. 
Dr. D. HalSilcoxJr. 
Mr. Joseph F. Simmens 
Mr. G. Ballard Simmons Jr. 
Mr. Henry M. Simons Jr. 
Mr. Warren M. Sims jr. 
Mr, John W, Singleton 
Mr. Thomas A. Siremore III 
Mr. B. Franklin Skinner 
Mr. Donald G. Skinner 
Rev. Ste\e Sloop J r, 
Mr. Clifford W, Smith jr. 
Mr. D, Warren Smith 
Mr. F. DeVere Smith 
Mr. and Mrs. Fred W, Smith 
Mr. Hal L. Smith 

Mr. Horace H. Smith 

Mr. Jeffrey A, Smith 

Mr. John E. Smith II 

Dr. Junius C. Smith 

Mr. Larry D. Smith 

Mr- Stephen H. Smith 

Mt. Stephen R. Smith 

Mr. Theodore H. Smith 

Mr. W, Sam Smith 

Mr. Walter A. Smith 

Mr. William Gilbert Smith 

Mr, William H. Smith jr. 

Mr, Wilson W, Smith jr, 

Mr. Thomas R. Snead 

Mr. FredW. Snclljr, 

Mr. Joseph A, Snit:er 111 

Mrs. Carolyn B. Snow 

Mr. James L. Spencer 

Dr. Samuel R. Spencer Jr. 

Lt. Col. Frank J. Spetteljr. 

Mr. Albert G. Spiveyjr. 

Thomas R. Sprenget. M,D. 

Mr. William W.St. Clair 

Mrs. M. K, Stamm 

Mr. Raymond P. Starr 

Dr. AdolphM.Stebler 

Dr. Chloe Steel 

Maj. Robert L. Stephens 

Mr. Robertj. Stephenson 

Dr. James T. Stewart 

Mr. William J. Stewatt 

Mr. Joseph C. Stock 

Mr. Thomas E. Stonecypher 

Mr. Wallace A. Storey 

Mr. J. Glenwood Strickler 

Dr. Charles A, Stubblebine 

Mr. Carl H. Stucke 

Mr. Robert B. Studley 

Mr. Stephen P Stuk 

Mt. William A. Sturgis 

Mr. Joe W. Sullivan jr. 

Mr. Brian C. Swanson 

Mr, iSi Mrs. John E. Swink 

Mr, Marion L. Talmadge 

Mr, johnTardieu 

Mr. JackM. Tedardsjr. 

T Edwin Tharpe 

Mrs. Romea! Theriot 

Mr, 6iMts. PaulFThiele 


Mr. C, E. Thompson 

Dr. E, W, Thorpe 

Mr. William L. Thrower 

Dr. &Mrs.W. P Tinkler 

Mr. W. McLean Tippins 

Dr. Albert C.Titus 

Mr. j, H, Topple 

Dr. John V. Torbert Jr. 

Mr. Carl J. Tornbom 

Mr, &. Mrs. George O. Trabue 

Mr, Charles D, Trawick 

Mrs. Sandra S. Traywick 

Mr. Ralph P Trovillion 

Dr. Richard K. Truluck jr, 

Dr. Roy E. Truslow 

Mr. Robert L. Turnipseed 

Mr. William B.Tye 

Fred Tyler 

Mr, Andrew Tynes 

Dr. C. Calvin Upshaw 

Mr. Michael B. van Beuren 

Mr. Robert van Luyn 

Majorjohn Van Vliet III 

Daniel Vargas 

Craig A. Vedvik 

RuchA. Vedvik 

Mr. Manuel Villavieja 

Mr. Ronald W.Vinson 

Mr. George Vinsonhaler 

Mr. Phillip S.Vogel 

Mr. Frederick Von Hollen 

Mr. James R. Wagner 

Mr. & Mrs. Robertj, Wall 

Mr. CiiMrs. M. B.Wallace jr. 

Mr. R. P.Warnock 

Mr, William C.Warren III 

Mr. Michael Wasserman 

Mr. Michael A. Waters 


Mr, William M,Watkins II 
Mr. John L- Watson III 
Mr. Richard B. Wearn 
Colonel Richard B.Webb 
Mr. James R.Wech 
Mr. PaulH.Weisse 
Mr, John H, Wcitnauer Jr. 
Mr. Matthew D. Welch 
Dr. Albert N. Wells 
Mr. James R.Wells 
Mr. Felix Welton 
Mr. Charles W. West Jr. 
Mr. Stephen K. West 
Mr. Thomas J. Wcstbury Jr. 
Rev, John E. Westlund 
Mr. Wendell K. Whipple 
Mr. Richard L.Whitaker 
Mr, A, Thomas White 
Mr. C.C. White Jr, 
Mr. C.Marlin White 
Dr, Cecil G. White Jr. 
Mr. Edwards, White 
Dr. NealJ.Whitejr. 
Mr, Richards. White Jr. 
Mr, William A, White Jr. 
Randolph Whitfield 
Mr, &, Mrs, Franklin H. Whitten 
Mrs. Carole B. Whittington 
Gerald 0. Whittington 
Mr. Peter O.Wibell 
Prof. Ingrid E. Wieshofer 
Mr, Arthur W Wiggins Jr. 
Mr, Carlton E. Wiggins 
Mr. SamPWilburnJr. 
Mr. James A. Wilkerson 
Dr. Wray Wilkes 
Mr.J. Richard Wilkins 
Mr. D.D, Wilkinson 
Mr. Ben W, Williams 
Mr. FlovdR. Williams Jr. 
Mr. Frank E.Williams Jr. 
Mr, Hamilton M. Williams Jr. 
Mr. James F. Williams 
Mr. Thomas R. Williams 
Mr.W. Leroy Williams 
Mr. Michael J. Willis 
Mr. Raymond Willoch 
Mr. DonaldA.Willoughby 
Mr. Patrick J. Willson 
Mr. Mercer E. Wilson 
Mr. Robert E. Wilson 
Dr. Albert C.Winn 
Mr. H.Dillon Winshipjr. 
Rev. A. Clark Wiser 
Mr. Albert F Wisner 
Prof. Harry Wistrand 
Penny Rush Wistrand 
Dr, Harvey Wittner 
''* Estate ot Anna B. Wood 
Dr. Robert E.Wood 
Mr. &, Mrs. Robert T, Woodbury' 
Mr. Richard H.Woodfin 
Mr. George W Woodruff 
Mr, Paul Woodruff 
Mr. Gerald W.Woods 
Dr. William D. Woodward 
Mr. Stephen W. Woody 
Mr. E.Warren Woolf 
Prof. Nai-Chuang Vang 
Mr, Presley Daniel Yates jr, 
Mrs. Mary S. Vongue 
Mr. David H. Young jr. 
Mr. Glenn A. Young 
Mr. iSi Mrs, W. M. Zarkowsky 
Mr. Michael J. Zimmer 
Mr. Jere P. Zollicofter 





FUND of $5, 500 was 
established in 1966 by the Bing 
Crosby Youth Fund to ptovide 
financial assistance to 
deserving students who have 
completed their freshman year 



.OAN FUND ol'$657, 334 has 
leen established with gifts from 
ikimnae and friends and grants 
rom the Board of Trustees. 
.OAN FUND of $1,000. 


!stablishedin 1925 hy Mrs, 
enkins of Crystal Springs, 
vliss. Her daughter, the late 
^nnieTait Jenkins, a 1914 
;raduate. added substantially 
:o the fund through an 
nvestment she made. 
LOAN FUND of $4. 605. 

LOAN FUND of $29,940 was 
istabhshed in 1962 with a 
bequest from her mother. Chloe 
Fowler (Mrs. William A.) 
Latimer, of Decatur, as a 
memorial to this member ot the 
Class of 1935. 
FUND of $5, 500 was 
established in 1940 by Mrs. 
McKee. an Atlanta friend of the 

FUND of $1,000. 
$9,635 was established in 1975 
by her husband, C. Oscar 
Schmidt Jr. of Cincinnati, 
Ohio, in memory of this 
imember of the Class of 1940. 
LOAN FUND of $5,000 was 
iestablished in 1953 with a 
'bequest from this 1912 
|graduate. Mrs, Smith had 
served as a university educator 
and administrator betore 
becoming executive secrerary 
of the Student Aid Foundation 
iduring her "retirement." 


jCLECKLEY FUND of $ 10. 288 

was escahlished in 1975 by 
jVirginia Prettyman "34 in 
appreciation for the devotion 
Mrs, Cleckley had for Or, 
Prettyman's mother, 
established in 1984 by this 
member of the Class of 1925, 
This will establish later the 
Mary Ben Wright Erwin 
Scholarship Fund. 
GRAFF FUND of $13, 716 was 
established in 1983 by this 
friend of the College. This will 
become an addition to the 
Esther Anderson and James 
Graff Scholarship Fund. 

STUKES FUND of $ 10.000 
was established in 1976 by this 
member of the Class of 1924 
from Decatur. This will become 
an addition to the Frances 
Gilliland Stukes and Majorie 
Stukes Strickland Scholarship 


BOOK FUND of $1,000. 

$53,658 was established in 
1980 by his mother. Omah 
Buchanan Alhaugh '16. as a 
memorial for this pilot who died 
during the Battle of Iwo Jima. 
The income is used to purchase 
books in the humanities. 
FUND of$l. 000. 
BOOK FUND of$l. 450. 
BOOK FUND of $4. 788. 
LIBRARY FUNDof $47. 000 
was established in 1940 by the 
Board of Trustees from the 
generous gifts of this prominent 
Atlanta business leader who 
was one the chief promoters ot 
Christian education in the 
South. The income supports the 
operation of the library. 
FUND of $2. 500. 
LIBRARY FUND of $25,000 
was established in 1951 by the 
Board of Trustees in recognition 
of Mr. Carnegie's generosity in 
having provided funds to build 
the College's first library in 
1910. The income supports the 
operation ot the library. 
BOOK FUND of $2. 186. 
FUND of $2. 262. 
BOOK FUND of $4,915. 


BOOK FUND of $1,965. 


FUND of $7. 913 established in 
1978 by the member of this class 
as a part of their 45th reunion. 
The income is used to place 
books from the humanities in 
the library as memorials ro 
members of this class. 


ART BOOK FUND of $25,000 
was established in 1980 by 
Harry L. Dalton in honor of his 
wife, a 1925 graduate. The 
income is used to purchase 
books on art and art history. 
BOOK FUND of$3, 588. 

FUND of $3, 034. 
FUND of $5. 250 was 
established m 1980 by Ellen 
Rosenblatt Caswell '47 in 
memory other mothet, Adeline 
Huff Rosenblatt, and her 
grandfather. Major James 
Thomas Huff, CSA. The 
income is to be used to purchase 
books in Southern history and 
literature or by Southern 

FUND of $342, 560 was 
established in 1980 with gifts 
from alumnae and friends and 
by a grant from the National 
Endowment for the Humanities. 
The income is used to purchase 
b.mks in the humanities. 
BOOK FUND of$l, 000. 
FUND of $1,972. 
FUND of $8,103 was 
established in 1956 by a group 
of her associates and former 
students ro honor this ptofessor 
of English upon her retirement 
after she had served 37 years on 
the faculty The income is used 

for the acquisition ot rare hooks 
in English literature. 
$10,635 was established in 1982 
by her family and friends as a 
memorial for her years of service 
on the library staff. The income 
is used for acquisitions in 
reference material and 
American literature. 
BOOK FUND of $16,235 was 
established in 1951 by faculty, 
students, alumnae and friends 
to honor President James Ross 
McCain upon his reriremenr 
afrerhis 28 years of outstanding 
service as president of the 

BOOK FUND of $15,000 was 
established in 1979 by her 
family and friends as a memorial 
to her for her role in the lite of 
the campus and community. 
The income is used to purchase 
books in the humanities, 

FUND of $1,834, 
BOOK FUND of $1.5 75, 
BOOK FUND of $2,000, 
BOOK FUND of $19,226 was 
established in 1978 by President 
Marvin B, Perry ]r, in memory 
of his mother and father, 

BOOK FUND of$l. 095. 
BOOK FUND of $2, 835. 
BOOK FUND of $2, 655. 


FUND of $1,300. 
BOOK FUND of $14,000 was 
established in 1980 by this 
alumna of the Class of 1915 who 
served as an active trustee from 
1947 to 1971. The income is 
used to purchase hooks in the 

BOOK FUND $ 10,000 was 
established in 1966 with a grant 
from Time, incorporated, as 
part oi its effort to recognire 
and strengthen selected 


BOOK FUND of$l. 215, 
FUND of $1,465. 
$5,000 was established in 1984 
with a bequest from this 
member of the Class of 1947. 
The income is to be used to 
purchase hooks for the library. 
$10,015 was established in 1980 
by Margaret G. Weeks '31 of 
New Orleans as a memorial to 
her parents. The income is used 
to purchase books in the 

FUND of $3. 787. 



$32,502,708. established in 
1955 through a bequest from 
Frances Winship Walters, 
represents the major part of 
Agnes Scott's Endowment. 
Mrs. Walters attended Agnes 
Scott Institute and served as a 
trustee for 16 years. As the 
residual beneficiary of her 
estate. Agnes Scott initially 
received $4,291,630. the 
largest amount from any source. 
$635,019 was established in 
1947 by a $500,000 granr from 
an anonymous foundation. The 
income is used to maintain and 
strengthen the English 
department program. 
FUND of$l. 103. 329 was 
established in 1964 through a 
$500,000 matching grant from 
an anonymous foundation. The 
College matched rhe gift with 
an equal amount from other 
sources to total $1 million. The 
income is used to maintain and 
strengthen the program o( the 
Departments of History and 
Political Science. 
$1,433,693 represents gifts 
from individuals, corporations 
and foundations. 



FUND of $17,131 was 
established in 1980 by Eh:abeth 
Henderson Cameron '43 in 
memory of the daughter of 
Thomas and Dorothy Holloran 
Addison '43. The income is 
used for rhe professional 
development of the faculty in 
the humanities. 
of $500,000 was established in 
1973 by the Board of Trustees in 
honor of Agnes Scott's third 
president when he retired after 
25 years of distinguished service 
ro the College. 

FUND of$3. 535. 


FUND of $142, 945 was 
established in 1940 by this 
generous trustee from Atlanta 
as the first gift to the College's 
Semi-Centennial Fund. The 
income is available to 
strengrhen the College's 

FUND of $250,000 was 
established in 1983 with a 
foundation grant. The income 
is used to equip and maintain 
this major academic facility. 
CANDLER FUND of $1,000. 


$11,200 was established in 1978 
by his family and friends as a 
memorial to this William Rand 
Kenan Jr. Professor ot 
Chemistry and chairman of the 
the department and in 
recognition of his 18 years of 
service at Agnes Scott. The 
income is used to assist the 
student research program. 

CONNALLY FUND of $ 1 ,000. 

ART FUND of $30,944 was 
esrablished in 1972 hy Harry L. 
Dalton of Charlotte, N.C. . in 
honor of his wife. Class of 1925. 
The income is used ro purchase 
art for the College's Dalton 

$565,835 was esrablished in 
1973 wirh a grant from the 
Charles A. Dana Foundation 
and matching funds from Agnes 
Scott. The income is used to 
supplement compensation for at 
least four Dana Professors. 


$10,000 was established 
through a bequest from this 
member of the Class of 1917. 
The income is used where ir is 
most needed. 

$20,667 was established in 
1986 by Edward E. Elson in 
honor of his wife, Suzanne 
Goodman Elson of rhe Class of 
1959. The prize is awarded 
annually to an outstanding 
Agnes Scott student. 
FUNDof$100,000wasin 1955 
established through a bequest 
from this generous benefactor 
and trustee of the College to 
maintain and improve the 
dining hall named in her htmor. 

RESEARCH FUND of $3, 925 


FUND of $1,175. 


FUND of $15, 010 was 
established in 1944 by Thomas 
K. Glenn of Atlanta in memory 
of his wife. 

FUND of $8, 500 was 
established in 1980 by Juanita 
Greer White '26 in memory of 
her parents. The income is used 
by the chemistry department for 
its special needs. 
FUND OF $4,005. 
FUND of $3, 000. 

HICKS FUND OF $3,121. 
FUND of $25, 000 was 
established in 1971 with a 
bequest from this Atlanta 
friend of the College. The 
income is used to purchase 
capital equipment and to 
enhance admissions and public 
relations programs. 
FUND OF $482,869 was 
established in 1980 wirh gifts 
from alumnae and friends and 
with a grant from the National 
Endowment for the Humanities. 
The income is used tor 
professiimal development ot the 
faculty in the humanities- 

■ 18 1985-1986 


FUND ot $194. *^S^,n 1923 was 
established with a hcquesc from 
Jane Walker inman ot Atlanta, 
as a memiirial to her brother 
who was chair of the board from 
1903 to 1914. 


$500,000 established in 
1969 by the William Rand 
Kenan Jr. Charitable Trust to 
perpetuate this business leader's 
interest in strengthening 
higher education. 
$903, 250 was established in 
1980 through a bequest from 
MaryWallaceKirk'Il of 
Tuscumbia. Ala. , who served as 
a trustee of Agnes Scort tor 
more than 60 years. The income 
is used to enrich the College's 
academic pr<.»gram, 
KLINE FUND of $2, 300. 

ENGLISH of$303,5l9was 
established in 1969 by the 
Board of Trustees and her 
friends as a memorial to this 
member ot the Class ot 1927. As 
professor of English and chair of 
the department she inspired her 
students during her 32 years on 
the Agnes Scott faculty. 
FRENCH of $450,000 was 
established in 1956 by the 
Charles Loridans Foundation in 
memory ot an alumna oi the 
Institute. Her husband. 
Charles Loridans. was the 
long-time French Consular 
Agent in Atlanta who created 
the foundation. 
LOWRY FUND of $2 5.000 was 
established in 1910 by Robert J. 
and Emma C. Lowry ot Atlanta 
in memory of their son. The 
income is used for the natural 
science departments. 
FUND of$2. 845. 
$51,010 was established in 1966 
by the students, faculty, 
alumnae and friends of Agnes 
Scott as a menmrial to the 
second president whose span of 
distinguished service to the 
College had been 50 years. The 
income is used tor a series of 
lectures on the liberal arts and 
sciences as related to the 
religious dimensions of human 

MICHAEL A. McDowell 

$7,735 was established in 1985 
by friends, family and 
classmates to honor this 
member of the Class of 1947 
who served as Director of 
Alumnae Affairs from 1974 to 
1985. The income is to be used 
for improvements for the 
Alumnae House and Garden. 

AWARD FUND of $1,702. 
$45,047 was established in 
1975 by Alex McLennan. 

Atlanta attorney, in memory of 
his mother. The income 
provides a grant tor an Agnes 
Scott College graduate to 
attend medical school. 




$5. 338 was established in I960 
in her honor by her College 
associates and other friends on 
her retirement as professor and 
chair of the economics and 
sociology department. During 
many of her 22 years at the 
College, she was also chair ot 
the Lecture Committee. The 
income is used to bring 
outstanding speakers to the 

AWARD FUND ot $6,160 was 
established in 1982 by the 
Board of Trustees and triends to 
honor her for 16 years ot service 
as a professor in the Department 
ot History. The income is used 
to recognize a junior and senior 
for outstanding work in 
humanities courses in the 



of $21,000 was established in 
1941 by the trustees as a 
memorial to this Atlanta 
business leader whose 25 years 
of leadership as chair of Agnes 
Scott's Board ot Trustees saw 
the College attain rapid growth 
and recognition. The income is 
used to strengthen the 
administrative work of the 

fund of $50,000 was established 
in 1950 with a bequest from this 
friend ot the College from 
Columbus. Miss. 
FUND of $3, 195. 


FUND of $68, 754 was 
established in 1969 by Agnes 
Scott alumnae, faculty, 
students, administration and 
trustees to honor, on her 
retirement, this 1924 graduate 
who became the College's 
second dean ot students. She 
served with distinction tor 44 
years. Many memorial gitts 
following her death in 1981 
added to the fund. The income 
IS used for the student affairs 

of$29,000 was established in 
1909 by Decatur citirens to 
strengthen the College which 
he had helped to establish. The 
income is used tor ot the 
academic departments. 
ot $551,657 was established in 
1959 by this Agnes Scott 
trustee and this alumna of the 
Class of 1931, Mr. Smith, a 
prominent Atlanta business 
leader, was an acti\'e member ot 
the board from 1952 to 1977 and 
served as its chair from 1956 to 




FUND of $184. 000 was 
established m 1956 with a 
bequest from this College 
physician and professor of 
nygiene who served in these 
capacities from 1908 to 1937 
and remained a campus resident 
until her death. The income is 
used tor the College's health 

$86,930 was established in 
1962 by this member oi the 
Class of 1915 who served as 
president of the Alumnae 
Association in 1926-27 and as 
an active trustee from 1947 to 

AWARD FUND of $2,500. 
TROTTER FUND of $2, 410 
WALTERS FUND of $50, 000 
was established in 1945 by this 
generous alumna and trustee. 
The income is used for the 
operation and maintenance of 
the Walters Infirmary. 
THEATRE of $100,000 was 
established in 1953 by this 
generous alumna of the 
Institute and trustee from 1947 
to 1953. 

SPEAKERS FUND of $4. 040. 

of $10,000 was established in 
1957 through a bequest from 
this Atlanta business leader 
who had served as a trustee for 
25 years. 18 of which he was 
chairman oi the board. 
WINTER FUND of $5,397 
was established in 1974 by the 
Board ot Trustees and her 
triends in honor of this member 
of the Class of 1927 on her 
retirement as the College's 
first Annie Louise Harrison 
Waterman Professor of Speech 
and Drama as well as 
department chair after 35 years 
ot service. The income is used 
to bring visiting speakers from 
these fields to the campus. 



$5,000 was established in 1975 
by a bequest from Louise Abney 
Beach King '20 of Birmingham, 
Ala. , as a memorial to her 

$17,082 was established in 1984 
by her classmates, friends and 
family as a memorial to this 
member of the Class of 1951 and 
the Board of Trustees. The 
income is to be used for a worthy 

FUND of $7, 000 was 
established in 1978 through the 
interest of business leaders C. 
Scott Akers of Atlanta and 
John M, Akers of Gastonia, 

$6, 706 was established in 1951 
by her friends to honor this 1911 
graduate who returned to her 
alma mater to teach first 
chemistry and then 
mathematics before she 

received an advanced degree in 
French from Columbia 
University. Hers was the first 
graduate degree earned by an 
Agnes Scott alumna. She was 
head of the French department 
tor 28 years before her 
retirement in 1948. Preference 
IS given to students majoring in 

MEMORIAL FUND of $6. 146 

was established m 1958 by her 
friends and family as a memorial 
to this 1956 graduate after her 
fatal automobile accident. 

$59,885 was established in 
1984 as a combination of the 
Samuel Harrison Allen and 
Frederick Philip Reinero Funds, 
at the request ot the family, in 
memory of Samuel Harrison 
Allen, Frederick Philip Reinero 
and Clara May Allen Reinero 

FUND of $6, 930 was 
established in I960 by Dr. and 
Mrs. Wallace M. Alston to 
honor the mother of Agnes 
Scott's third president. 
FUND of $9,200 was 
established in 1973 by his many 
friends at the time of his 
retirement in appreciation of 
his distinguished service during 
his 25 years at Agnes Scott, 22 
of which he served as president. 


$15,000 was established in 1976 
by Ruth Anderson O'Neal *18 
and her husband, Alan S. 
O'Neal, of Winton-Salem. 
N.C, as a memorial to her 
father, a Presbyterian minister 
and an Agnes Scott trustee 
from 1923 to 1931. Preference is 
given to a student majoring in 
Bible and religion. 

$5,000 was established m 1962 
by alumnae in that state. 
Preference is given to students 
from Arkansas. 


FUND of$2, 500. 
FUND of$l. 100, 
FUND of $25, 000 was 
established in 1964 by the Mary 
Reynolds Babcock Foundation 
of Winston-Salem. Preference 
is given to students from North 

FUND of $5. 000 was 
established in 1972 by Ruby 
Stafford (Mrs. CharlesW) 
Bartlett of Tampa, Fla.. in 
memory of her daughter of the 
class of 1950. 
$25,000 was established in 
1954 by Louise Abney Beach 
'20 of Birmingham, Ala., in 
memory of her husband. The 

Presbyterian Foundation holds 
$15,000 of this amount for the 


FUND of $11. 500 was 
established in !950byW.D. 
Beatie and Nellie Beatie in 
Atlanta in memory of their 


FUND of $198. 457 was 
established in 1986 by Will H. 
Benton of Atlanta in honor of 
his wife, a member of the Class 
of 1950. 




$6,512 was established in 1972 
by her classmates and friends as 
a tribute to this member of the 
Class of 1963. 

$6,000 was established by 
Decatur businessman J.O. 
Bo wen. 


FUND of $6, 500 was 
established in 1976 with a 
bequest from Miss Clem Boyd as 
a memorial to her parents, 
William and Frances McCord 
Boyd, of Newton County, Ga. 
FUND of $22,100 was 
established in 1965 by Fred W. 
and Ida Brirtain Patterson '21 of 
Atlanta in memory of her 

FUND of $19, 588 was 
established in 1966 by her 
classmates, family and friends 
as a memorial to this member of 
the Class of 1966 who died 
before graduation. Preference is 
given to a student majoring in 

FUND of $33,987 was 
established in 1979 by her son 
and the Burr-Brown Foundation 
to honor this 1916 graduate. 

FUND of$2, 500. 



FUND of $7, 900 was 
established in 1950 by these 
Atlanta friends of the College. 
$7, 500 was established in 1960 
by George E. and Lida Rivers 
Caldwell Wilson '10 of 
Charlotte in memory of her 
parents, the late Dr. and Mrs. 
John L. Caldwell. 



FUND of $100,000 was 
established in 1964 with gifts 
from Mrs, John Bulow 
Campbell of Atlanta because of 
het interest in the College and 
its students- 

FUND of $1,000. 


$8,550 was established in 1969 
by a grateful membet of the 
Class of 1927 to honot this maid 
and ft lend to students and 
faculty alike during her years ot 
service in Main Hall. 
Preference is given to black 
$93,497 was established in 
1984 by an alumna. Preference 
is given to a full-time student or 
students in good academic 
standing from the Carolinas. 



FUND of $59, 084 was 
established in 1964 by Melissa 
Cilley. a member of the Spanish 
department at Agnes Scott ftom 

1930 to 1963. as a memorial to 
her parents. She later 
bequeathed her estate to the 
College for this fund. 
FUND of $25,000 was 
I established in 1962 as a part of 
I this bank's interest in the 
1 education ot youth. 


' $1,500. 



FUND of $31. 125 was 

established in 1961 by Louise 

Hill Reaves '54 in honor of her 

mother, an alumna of the Class 

of 1927, a lifelong ftiend, 

neighbot and supporter of the 


CLASS OF 1957 


$9,326 was established in 1962 

by members ot this class. 

CLASS OF 1964 



CLASS OF 1965 



CLASS OF 1968 




FUND of$2. 665. 
$28,000 was established in 1971 
in his memory by his wife of St. 
Clair. Mich. Their daughter 
Patricia was a member of the 
Class of 1963. 


FUND of $16. 675 was 
established in 1949 by Mr, and 
Mrs. Samuel Inman Cooper in 
honor of this member of the 
' Class of 1917 who had stayed on 
■ at Agnes Scott to teach 

chemistry for 13 years. 

Preference is given to students 

in that department. 




$12,511 was established in 1935 

through gifts from this Decatur 

family. Mrs. Cooper is the 

daughter of Colonel George W. 

Scott, the founder of the 




FUND of $ 1,000- 








$7,305 was established in 1950 

by their family and friends in 
recognition of their more than 
30 years of service to the 

College, Preference is given to 
srudents from missionary 
families or foreign countries, or 
ro students interested in 
mission work, 
FUND of $6, 000 was 
established in 1985 by her sister 
and husband, Dt- and Mrs. 
Warren F. Rollins Jr. . of 
Jacksonville. Florida, as a 
memorial to this member of the 
Class of 1929. The income is to 
be used fot a deserving student. 

DAVIS FUND of $1,000- 
FUND of $9,870, 

FUND of $1,365. 


FUND of $10, 610 was 
esrabhshed in 1972 by Ruth 
Piingle Pipkin '31 of Reidsville, 
N . C. , to recognize and honor 
Miss Dexter for service as a 
teachet of psychology at Agnes 
Scott from 1923 to 1955, A 
special committee selects the 
recipient from members of the 
rising senior class who are 
taking advanced coutses in 


$5,247 was established in 1968 
by students, colleagues and 
friends as a memorial to this 
biology professor who raught at 
Agnes Scott for almost 10 years 
before his untimely death. 
FUND of$2. 500. 


FUND of$l. 450, 
FUND of $6, 500 was 
established in 1938 by the late 
Jennie Durham Finley in 
memory of her mother. 
Preference is given to students 
from DeKalb County. 
$50,133 was established in 1949 

by Diana Dyer Wilson '32 in 

memory of her father. 

Preference is given to students 

from Virginia or North 






FUND of $25, 295 was 

established in 1949 by 

Stanhope E. Elmore of 

Monrgomery. Ala, . in memory 

of his wife. Preference is given 

to Presbyterian students. 

particularly those from East 

Alabama Presbytery and other 

parts of the state. 




$10,000 was established in 1983 

by this member of the Class of 
1933- Preference is given to 

students majoring in 
international studies. 
$5,000 was established in 1938 
by this friend of the College to 
assist students, pteferably from 
DeKalb Counry- 
of $50,000 was established in 
1980 with a bequest from this 
graduate of the Class of 1929. 
The income is used for awards to 
Honor Scholars, 
FUND of $50. 000 was 
established in 1978 in their 
honor by their daughter Marian 
Franklin (Mrs. PaulH.) 
Anderson '40 of Atlanta. The 
income is used for students from 
Emanuel County. Ga., where 
she was reared. 


$5,000 was established m 1977 
by this Atlanta member of the 
Class of 1974 and her husband. 
The income is to be used to 
assist Return to College 


$50,000 was established in 
1980 by .Agnes Scott's trustees 
to honor this Atlanta attotney 
for his six years of distinguished 
service as chair of the board. 
The income is used for awards to 
Honor Scholars. 
FUND of$l, 300. 


$ 10,000 was established in 1963 
by E. Smythe Gambtell of 
Atlanta as a living memorial to 
his wife who was an alumna. 
The award is made to an 
outstanding student preparing 
for Christian service. 
FUND of $10,456 was 
established in 1968 initially as a 
memorial to Mrs. Garber by her 
husband, Dr. John A- Garber, 
and her son and daughter-in- 
law. Dr. and Mrs. Paul Leslie 
Garber, of Agnes Scott. .'\t Di. 
John Gather's death in 1975 

this scholarship became a 
memorial ro him as well when 
further gifts ftom family and 
friends were received. The 
recipients must be students 
whose citizenship is other rhan 
that of the United States of 




$44,188 was established with 
gifts from many alumnae and 
friends to provide financial 
assistance to students. 

$13,716 was established in 1974 
by the Board of Trustees along 
with many of het students and 
friends in recognition ot her 
years as a teachet. For 28 years 
she was chair of the Department 
of Classical Languages and 
Literatures. Preference is given 
to a student in this department. 


FUND of $6. 000 was 
established in 1938 by Jennie 
Duiham Finlev. a friend of the 
College, in honor of her niece. 
Lucy Durham Goss fMrs. John 
H. ) an alumna of the Institute. 
FUND of $16, 327 was 
established in 1960 by Dr, 
Walter Edward McNairot 
.Agnes Scott in honor and 
appreciarion of Mr. and Mrs. 
James R. Graff. 
FUND of $6. 000 was 
established in 1935 by Mts. 
John M- Slaton of Atlanta in 
honor of her mother- 
$13,275 was established in 1960 
by Sallie Greenfield '56 in 
honor of her parents. 


FUND of $10,000 was 
established in 1919 by Mr. and 
Mrs. W.C. Bradley of Columbus 
in memory of Mrs. Bradley's 
brorher. Preference is given to 
students from Muscogee 
County, Ga. 

FUND of $5. 000 was 
established in 1961 by Granger 
Hansell of Atlanta in memory 
of his wife, a member of the 
Class of 1923. 

$10. 325was established in 1981 
by her daughters Ann H. 

Merklein '55 and Elizabeth H, 
Duerr '58 in memory of their 
mother, a member of the Class 
of 1919 and one of the first 
women physicians in Houston, 
Texas. Preference is given to 
seniors who intend to study 


$9,314 was established in 1984 
by this member ot the Class ot 
1920. Preference is ro be given 
to Christian students trom 
Coweta County. Geotgia. 
$18,000 was established in 1938 
by a bequest from this Atlanta 

$60,463 was established 
originally in 1926 as a graduate 
fellowship by Mrs. Thomas 
Harrold of .Americus in honor of 
her daughter. Mrs. Frank 
Sheffiefd. of the Class of 1923, 
but in 1976 it became a 
scholarship fund. 
$10,000 was established in 1974 
through a bequest from .Ann 
Rebecca (Rebie) Harwell (Mrs. 
Lodowick Johnson) Hill '13 of 
Atlanta and is a memotial to 
her and her sister, Frances 
Grace Harwell '23. 
FUND of $5. 066 was 
established in 1940 through a 
bequest of Dr. F.O. Hawley of 
Charlotte, N.C., as a memorial 
to his wife, an alumna of Agnes 
Scott Institute, 
$26,195 was established in 1981 
by Doiothy Peace (Mrs. 
Edmund A- ) Ramsaur '47 in 
honor of this professor emeritus 
and former chair of the English 

$1,607,539 was established in 
I9S5 through a bequest ot a 
member of the Class of 1919 and 
her husband, who lived in 
Columbus, Ga. Preference is 
given to physically 
handicapped students, or 
children of physically 
handicapped parenrs- 


$ 10.000 was established in 1984 
by Mary Lillian Middlebrooks 
(Mrs- W- M-) Smears as a 
memorial to Cleti Hearon. 
professor of hisrory for 10 years 
before her death in 1928. 
FUND of $5, 000 was 
established in 1935 by Lottie 
Hendrick of Covington, Ga.. 
and is a memorial to these 


FUND of $4. 518. 


■ 201985-1986 


$1C.S91 wjsc!.tablishcd in 1954 
by Dr. PhillipaG. Gilchrist '23 
in honor of her former professor 
and colleague u-ho served as 
professor of chemistry at Agnes 
Scott for 28 years. Preference is 
given to students in chemistry. 
$294,073 was established in 
1973 by a bequest from Florence 
Smith (Mrs. Joseph T.) Sims '15 
of Berkeley. Calif. , as a 
memorial to Dean Hopkins for 
her outstanding service to 
Agnes Scott from 1889 to 1938. 
Assistance is given to promising 
music students. 
$10,400 was established in 1945 
byDr, M.E. Sentelleof 
Davidson. N.C.. in honor of 
his sister. The recipient must 
have already attended Agnes 
Scott at least one year. 
$6,641 was established in 1968 
by Anne Chapin Hudson (Mrs. 
Frank H. Jr. ) Hankins '31 in 
memory of her parents. 
Preference is given to black 


$25,000 was established in 
1963 by the Benwood 
Foundation of Chattanooga to 
honor its toundet. a pioneer in 
the Coca-Cola bottling 
industry. The recipients are 
students from Chattanooga or 

INMAN FUND of $6,000 was 
established in 1951 with gifts 
from these .Atlanta leaders. Mr. 
Inman was an Agnes Scott 
trustee for 35 years. 


FUND of $56,816 was 
established in 1953 with a 
bequest of Elizabeth Fuller 
Jackson, a member ot Agnes 
Scott's history department for 
28 years. It is a memc^rial to her 
and her parents, Charles S- and 
Lillian F. Jackson. 

FUND of $8, 020 was 
established in 1965 by Mr. and 
Mrs. Charles Jackson of 
Fayetteville, Ga. . to honor 
Mrs. Jackson, a member of the 
Class of 1932. 

$45,153 was established in 1985 
by this late member oi the Class 
ot 1922. Preference is given to 
applicants and students from 
$6,185 was established in 1971 
by Agnes Scott alumnae and 
othet friends in memory of this 
membetof theclassof 1938 and 
in appreciation of her 
leadership as director of 
alumnae affairs at Agnes Scott 
for 16 years. 


$5,000 was est.ibhshed in 1973 
with a bequest (torn this 
member of Agnes Scott's music 
department fot 40 years. With 
his wife, a former student of the 
Class of 1911, he developed the 
voice section oi the depat tment, 
$11,438 was established in 1984 
by an anonymous member of 
that class. 

FUND of $1,000. 
FUND of $50,000 was 
established in 1969 by a grant 
from the Sarah Graham Kenan 
Foundation of Chapel Hill, 
N.C.. in memoty of this early 
alumna of Agnes Scott. 
Pteterence is given to students 
from the Atlanta area or from 
North Carolina who intend to 


$6,000 was established m 1970 

with a bequest from this 

member of the class of 1906 and 

with a memorial gift from Mr. 

and Mrs. James A. Minter Jr. of 

Tyler. Ala. 



of $9,875 was established in 

1968 by gifts from students, 

faculty and friends to provide 

financial assistance to black 








FUND of $2. 200. 















$5,890 was established m 1961 

by her parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. 

Leroy, of Waynesboro. Georgia. 

and by friends of this 1960 



FUND of $7, 000 was 

established in 1923 by Mr. and 

Mrs. Dennis Lindsey of 

Decatur. Preference is given to 

students from metropolitan 




$ 12 , 500 was established in 1982 

through a bequest ttom this 

former American business 

leader. His niece Helen Boyd 

McConnell was a member of the 

Class of 1934. 




$73, 370 was established in 1977 

through a bequest from this 

aunt of Jackie Ptarr (Mrs. D.S.) 

Michael '53 of Ridgewood, 

N.J., whose daughter Susan 

was a member of the Class of 



FUND of $28,000 was 
established in 1962 by his wife, 
the former Martha Eskridge '3 3, 
who was Mrs. Nathan M, Ayers 
of Greensboro, N.C. 

FUND of $2. 500. 


FUND of $2, 000. 

pauline martin 
McCain memorial 


$15,774 was established in 1954 
by friends of the wife of Dr. 
James Ross McCain, the second 
president of the College. 
FUND of $3, 930. 
$5,025 was established in 1949 
and is a memorial for Sarah 
Pipes McKowen and her 
daughter May McKowen (Mrs. 
B.B.) Taylor '06 of Baton 
Rouge. Mrs. Taylor is the 
mother ot Jane (Mrs. Edw-ard 
S.) White '42 of Atlanta. The 
income is used tor scholarship 



FUND of $11, 500 was 
established in 1962 by this 
alumna of the Class of 1934. 
Mrs. Leonard John Mederer. of 
Valdosta, Ga. 
FUND of $1,000. 
FUND of $1,000. 
$3,448 was estabhshed in 1967 
by this Atlanta leader and 
friend of Agnes Scott. 

FUND of $2 2, 500 was 
established in 1963 by their 
son, James A. Minter Jr. of 
Tvler. Ala. . an active trustee of 
Agnes Scott from 1959 to 1978. 


FUND of $5, 000 was 
established in 1986 by James 
Jackson of Memphis, Tenn., in 
memory of his sister, a member 
of rhe Class of 1914. Preference 
is given to students who are 
ministers' daughters. 
$5,000 was established in 1892 
from a bequest in his will. This 
leading Atlantan provided the 
College's first endowed 
scholarship. Preference is given 
to students whose parenrs are 


FUND. .f $5,000. 

FUND of $5,000 was 
established in 1971 by Mrs, 
Arthuf W. Falkinburgof 
Arlanta in memory of her 
daughter, a membetof the Class 
of 1941. 

FUND of $11, 000 was 
established in 1985 by Franklin 
Nash of Atlanta honoring his 
late wife, Lillian White '28 and 
his present wife, Letitia 
Rock more '33. 
FUND of$2, 000. 
FUND of $7. 55 3 was 
established in 1955 by members 
ot this Agnes Scott group. 
Preference is given to students 
from that area. 

FUND of$13, 815 was 
established in 1972 by bet 
husband, Henry Edgar Newton, 
of Decatur, to honor this 
member oi the Class of 1916 and 
other members of their family 
who are alumnae: Jane .Anne 
NeW'ton Marquess '46, Martha 
Reese Newton Smith '49 and 
Anne Marquess Camp '70. 
FUND of $2,000. 
FUND of $25,000 was 
established in 1962 by her 
husband, Alan S. O'Neal, of 
Winston-Salem, N.C, to 
honor this leader of the Class of 
1918 who served as president of 
the College YWCA. Prefetence 
is given to students majoring in 

$12,315 was established in 1978 
by a bequest from this member 
of the Class of 1942 from 
Atlanta. She was a 
great-granddaughter of Colonel 
George W. Scott, the founder of 
the College. 

FUND of $1,040. 
$7,284 was established in 1970 
by her parents. William 
Douglas and Frances Tennent 
Ellis '25. and her husband, 
Richard K. Parker, all of 
.Atlanta. Pteterence is given to 
students majof ing in English or 


$10,000 was established in 1979 
by het sister, Bess Patton, of 
Chattanooga. Tenn. The award 
honots this 1920 .'Kgnes Scott 
graduate for her untiring 
devorion to the Latin language 
and fot her 49 years of 
distinguished and dedicated 
teaching of this language. The 
scholarship is awarded on the 

basis of financial need and for 
excellence tn Latin. 

FUND ot $1,000. 




of $500,000 was established in 
1982 by the Board of Trustees to 
honor Agnes Scott's fourth 
president at the time of his 
retirement after nine years of 
distinguished service to the 
College. The income is to be 
used for the Honor Scholars 


$10,000 was established in 1974 
by her mother, Mrs. A.M. 
Noble, of Smithfield, N.C, in 
memory of her daughter, a 
membet of the Class of 1938. 
$26,060 was established in 1981 
by Dorothy Peace (Mrs. 
Edmund A. ) Ramsaur '47 in 
honor of this professof emeritus 
and former chair of the history 
and political science 

$20,799 was established in 
1986 by a non-graduate of the 
Institute and late resident of 
Decatur, who earmarked these 
funds for deserving students. 



FUND of $2,000. 
$47, 537 was established in 
1960 by this alumna of the Class 
of 1929 who has been active in 
promoting the College and has 
been an Agnes Scott tt ustee 
emerita since 1979. 

$8,160 was established in 1970 
by the .Agnes Scott trustees to 
honor this professor who served 
as head of the mathematics 
department from 1926 to 1970. 
Pteterence is given to students 
majoring in mathematics. 
$98,000 was established in 
1985 by this member of the 
Class of 1919 to award 
scholarships to students from 
Richmond County, Ga, , of 
demonsttated financial need, 
good character and good 
scholastic standing, 



$10,000 was established in 1938 


in his memory by his wife. 
Annie King Scott, of 
Pitrshurgh. He was a nephew of 
George Washington Scott, 
founder ot the College. 
^010wasestabhshecl in 1962 
provide financial assistance 
tor the daughters ot 

$11,409 was established in 1942 
by C. Alison Scully ot 
Philadelphia, Penn., in 
memory of his morher, a 
granddaughter of the Agnes 
Scott tor whom rhe Cv^llege was 
named. The award is made to a 
student who has completed at 
least one year ar the College. 
FUND of $7, 073 was 
established in 1973 by her 
family and friends in 
recognition of her service as 
professor of Bible at Agnes 
Scott and as a leader in the 
Presbyterian Church. The 
award is given to a student 
majoring in Bible and religion. 
FUND of $2. 500. 


$6,535 was established in 1983 
by a gift from the late Sarah 
Shields Pfeiffer '27. 

FUND of $1,835. 
FUND of $8,663 was 
established in 1953 by Searcy 
B. and Julia Pratt Smith Slack 
'!2 of Decarur in recognition of 
their daughters Ruth S. Roach 
'40, Eugenia S. Morse '41 and 
Julia S. Hunter '45. 
of $140,050 was established in 
19'79 with a bequest from this 
former professor who had been a 
member of the history 
department for 36 years. The 
income is used for awards to 
Honor Scholars. 
$50,000 was established in 
1980 by Agnes Scott's trustees 
to honor this Atlanta business 
leader for his 17 years of 
disringuished service as chair of 
the board. The income is used 
tor awards ro Honor Scholars. 

$8,065 was established in 1965 
by the Roswell Library 
Association in honor ot its 
president, Mrs. Robert L. 
Sommerville '23. Preference is 
given to students desiring to be 


$11,654 was established in 1962 
by rhis member of the Class of 
1929 in appreciarion of the 
opportunities the College offers 
its students. 


FUND of $5,050 W.1S 
established in 1984 by Brooks 
Spivey Creedy of Arlington, 
Vermont, member of the Class 
of 1937, as a memorial to her 
parents. The income is to be 
used for Black or Hispanic 
students, with preference to be 
given to students enrolled in 
the Return to College Program. 
of$159,567 was established in 
1977 from the estate of this 
member of the Class of 1937 
who served the College for 40 
years, first as secretary to the 
president and later as registrar 
and director of admissions. The 
income is used for awards to 
Honor Scholars. 


$22,765 was esrablished in 
1979 by her morher and triends 
as a memorial to this member of 
the Class oi 1941 who had been 
active in the Alumnae 
Association while on the staff 

$15,756 was established in 1962 
by Dean Emeritus Samuel 
Guerry Stukes. The scholarship 
honors his wife, '24, and 
daughter, '51. 

$21,260 was established in 1957 
by the Board ot Trustees to 
honor Dean Stukes upon his 
reriremenr after 44 years of 
distinguished service as a 
faculry member, bie also served 
as an active trustee from 1944 
to 1971. The income is used for 
awards to the rhree Stukes 
Scholars, the students who rank 
first academically in each of the 
rising sophomore, junior and 
senior classes. 

$6,000 was established in 1985 
by the transfer of funds from the 
Olivia Ward Swann Annuity 
Funds at her death, as a 
memorial to her parents and 
aunr. Preference is given to 
blood descendants of those in 
whose memory the fund is 


FUND of $3, 39 3. 


$10,000 was established m 1984 
with a bequest trom Jewell 
Gloer Teasley, member ot the 
Institute. Preference is given to 
a worthy pre-med student or a 
science major it no pre-med 
student is chosen. 
FUND of $4,093. 
$86,028 was established in 
1954 by this 1915 graduate 
whose service to the College 
included president of the 

Alumnae Association in 
1926-27 and an active trustee 
from 1947 to 1971. Preference is 
given to Christian students 
from other countries and to 
other students preparing for 
Christian setvice. 
FUND of $79,233 was 
established in 1984 with a 
bequest from Mary Olive 
Thomas, member of the Class of 
1942, as a memorial to her 
parents. The income is to be 
used for outstanding seniors 
who will continue their studies 
in either medicine or English. 





$5,000 was established in 1933 
by his wife as a memorial to this 
resident of Covington, Ga. 
Their daughter Julia (Mrs. 
Count D.) Gibson was a 1911 

$5,000 was established in 1920 
by his wife, Nell Towers 
Townsend, of Anderson, S.C. 
Preference is given to students 
who plan to be missionaries. 
$65,000 was established in 
1959 by Joseph M.Tull of 
Atlanta in memory of his wife to 
assist students selected on the 
basis of Christian character, 
abilitv and need. 
FUND of $65,000 was 
established in 1964 by the J.M. 
TuU Foundation to honor this 
outstanding business, church 
and civic leader of Atlanta and 
to assist students worthy ot 
Agnes Scott's ideals. 
established in 1975 through a 
bequest from this member of the 
Class oi 1924. The income is 
used annually for the Wilson 
Asbury Higgs Mathematics 
Scholarship and the Emma 
Baugh Music Scholarship as 
memorials to her father and 
mother. When more income is 
available, it is used to fund 
additional memorial 
SCHOLARSHIP of $ 1 .000, 
FUND of $5, 000 was 
established in 1920 by his wife, 
Frances Winship Walters, an 
.Agnes Scort alumna, trustee 
and benefactor. 
$106,943 was established m 
1961 by Dr. and Mrs. William 
C. Warren Jr. of .Atlanta in 
honor ot his morher. 





Eliiaheth Jefferson Boyt '62 

Devers, Texas 

President Elect 
Juliana M. Wlnrers '72 
Washington, D,C. 

Vice President for 
Alumnae .Adi'unceinent 
Becky Evans Callahan '60 
Atlanta, Ga, 

Vice President for 
College Adiancemeni 
Wardie Ahernethy Martin '59 
Charlotte, N.C. 

Lou Pate Jones '39 
Newbern, Tenn. 

Immediate Past PresiJeni 
Jean Salter Reeves '59 
Atlanta, Ga. 

Past President 

Jacquelyn Simmons Gow '52 

Atlanta. Ga. 

Alumnae Admissions 
Reprcsentalii'es Chair 
Jane Duttenhaver Hursey '71 
Decatur, Ga. 

Au'ards Chair 

Betty Smith Satterth« aite '46 

Atlanta, Ga. 

Careers Chair 
Betty Derrick '68 
Atlanta, Ga. 

Class Officers Chair 
Laura Dorsey Rains '66/'81 
Atlanta, Ga. 

C/i(b Presidents Chair 
Clair McLeod Muller '67 
.Atlanta, Ga. 

Continuing Education Chair 
Lo«rie Alexander Eraser '57 
Decatur. Ga. 

Fund Chair 

SJiaron Jones Cole '72 

Atlanta, Ga. 

House and Growntls Co-Chairs 
Dorothy Travis Joyner '•Jl 
Decatur, Ga. 

Nelle Chamlee Howard '34 
Stone Mountain, Ga. 

Publications Chair 
Mildred Love Petty '61 
Atlanta, Ga. 

Student .Alumnae 
Liaison Chair 
Laura D.Newsome '81 
Atlanta, Ga. 


Lucia Howard Sizemore '65 
Director of Alumnae Affairs 
Stone Mountain, Ga. 



Frances Steele Garrett '37 

Atlanta, Ga. 

Dorothy Travis Joyner '41 
Decatur, Ga. 

Julia Thompson Smith '31 
Atlanta, Ga. 


Martha McGhee Lamberth '69 


Linda Ingram Jacob '61 


Dea Taylor Walker '71 


Helen Friedman Blackshear '31 


Virginia Parker Cook '75 

Los Angeles 
Jeannette Wright '68 

San Francisco 
Susan Morton '71 

Washington. D.C. 
Rose .^nn C. Fraistar '75 
Francis Folk Zygmont '71 


Central Florida 

Mary Ann Gregory Dean '63 


Carol Hedrick Howard '79 

Linda Lael '66 

.Alice Harrison Dickey *68 


.Aihany-.Amcricits .Area 
Louise Wise Teaford '32 


Louise McCain Boyce '34 

Atlanta Evening 
Jane Watt Balsley '67 


Mif Martin Rolader '52 

Voimg Atlanta 

Susie Ham Deiters '80 


Debbie Jordan Bates '72 

BGN fSarrntf. Gu'inneit 

& hleu-ton Counties) 

Mary Anna Ogden Bryan '51 

Cobb County 

Mary Alice Isele DiNardo '71 


Martha McMillan Alvare: '71 


Willa Dendy Goodroe '59 


Nell Allison Sheldon '38 


Sally Tucker Lee '70 


Monti Smirh Acuff '72 

Southeast Georgia 

Virginia Lee Floyd Tillman '54 

Alice Harrison Dickey '68 

West Georgia 

Patsy Bret: Rucker '69/» 'SO 



Mary Anne Fowlkes '59 


New Orleans 

Nancy Bond Brorhers '62 


Louise Fortson Kinstrey '68 

■ 22 1985-1986 


New England 

Betty Radford Moeller '47 


Michigan -Ohio 

Julia LaRue Orwig '73 


Tu'in -Cities 

Susan Correnty Dowd '72 



Susan King Johnson '67 


Si. Louis 

Jane AUobrook Miller '48 


Neu' York 

Mary Anna Smith 78 



Emily Rumph Bourgeois '76 


Judith Hill Calhoun "73 

Western North Carolina 
Virginia Carrier '28 


Emily Wingo Craig '77 



Julie LaRue Orwig '73 


Deluu'are Valley 

Nancy Boothe Higgins '61 


Mary Margaret MacLauchlin 

Stamy '74 



Mary Ann Mappus Billard '80 


Margie Richardson '73 



Anne Foster Curtis '64 


Mary Ann Courcenay Davidson 



Susan Fuller Lincoln '79 


Dee Hampton Flannagan '69 


Dallas-Fort Worth 

Anne Sylvester Booth '54 


Sara Robinson Chamhless '82 

San Antonio-Austin 
Beverly Myers Pickett '66 



Ann Hershherger Barr '62 


Linda Cooper Shewey '67 


Louise Reid Strickler '46 


Louise Huff Armitage '74 

•^^^'^"^^^■'^' ^ 


L.L. CK'llerstedt Jr. 
Chairnum of the Board 

G. Conley Intjram 
Viw Chairman of the Board 

Miiry Alverta Bond '53 
Sccrcturv of the Board 

Douirhy Hnlloran Addison '43 

Wallace M. Alston Jr. 

Louise Isaacson Bernard Jr. '46 

Bennett A. Brown 

Elizahetli Henderson Cameron '43 

G. Scott Chandler Jr. 

JoAnn Sawyer Delafield '58 

Katherine A. Geffcken '49 

Edward P. Could 

Jacqiielyn Simmons Cow '52 

Donald R. Keough 

Harriet M. Kin^ '64 

J. Erskine Love Jr. 

Suzella Burns Newsome '57 

Betty Scott Noble '44 

M. Lamar O^le-sby 

J. Davison Philips 

Susan M. Phillips '67 

Jean Salter Reeves '59 

Margaretra Lumpkin Shaw '52 

Horace H. Sibley 

Nancy Holland Sibley '58 

B. Franklin Skinner 

John E. Smith II 

Samuel R. Spencer Jr. 

John H. Weitnauer Jr. 

Thomas R. Williams 

Ruth A. Schmidt, President 
Ex Officio 

stayed up, quizzed each other, and 
made popcorn. The only difference 
is that I went to sleep after the pop- 
corn and they stayed up and studied 
some more." 

Today Little doesn't hlink at what 
she considers "basic life skills." She 
credits her experience as a student at 
Agnes Scott for allowing her the 
freedom to discover her competency. 
"I hope that through my experiences 
I have taught my sons that although 
I may not he able to do everything in 
the world, I can certainly try to do 

Chairs are set up under sweeping 
magnolia trees. The last note oi the 
processional march rings out over 
the crowd as seniors prepare to walk 
across the stage one by one as their 
names are called over the loudspeaker. 
It's June, and the weather is perfect for 
Agnes Scott's 97th commencement. 

The voice calls Karen Green- 
Grantham. Spontaneous, over- 
whelming applause follows her name. 
Fellow seniors give her a standing 

She is 38-years-old and began at 
Agnes Scott in 1981 as a part-time 
student. Many RTC's elect to begin 
this way, taking one or two courses 
per semester. Throughout her career 
as a student, Green-Grantham was 
employed as a senior resident in a 
dorm. "Miss G," as she is affection- 
ately called, never had a problem 
interacting with or relating to tradi- 
tional students. Of the age difference 
she says simply, "It never bothered 

"I think it's because I didn't think 
about the age difference," she ex- 
plains. If there is a generational gap, 
she says, it's "only on an individual 
basis and has to do with the personal- 
ity of the RTC or the [younger] 
women in their classes." 

Green-Grantham was living and 
working at Spelman College in 
Atlanta when she attended an 
AAUW booksale and met an Agnes 

Karen Givc'n-Uuiiu/uiiii '60 

Scott alumna there. The woman 
gave her a Return to College 
brochure. Green-Grantham slipped 
it in her book and didn't find it until 
two months later. 

She called the College and spoke 
with Mildred Love Petty '61, who 
was then working with the program. 
She told Petty that she wanted to 
work while going back to school, hut 
if circumstances prohibited that, she 
was ready to investigate attending 
full time. 

She didn't have to do that. A job 
as a senior resident was opening up 
and she was able to work and take as 
many classes as her schedule allowed. 
The former psychology major now 
has a new job on campus: director ot 
student activities and housing, 
another position that opened up at 
just the right time for her. She is 
enjoying the position but says, "I am 
toying with the idea that I can't stop 
here. I am looking at graduate school, 
either in counseling at Georgia State 
or seminary school. " 

For Barbara Dudley, another 1986 
graduate, the value of Agnes Scott is 
that students can combine several 
different interests into one major. 

Dudley arrived at Agnes Scott in 
January 1984 with 10 years' experi- 
ence at a local bank. Like Green- 

Grantham, she started part time — 
taking only two courses. She gave 
herself two quartern, then increased 
her load to full time. She gradLiated 
with a degree in art history and Eng- 
lish literature m June. 

Today Dudley is working on a 
research project tor the Atlanta His- 
torical Society. Her job is a \-olunteer 
one, but she teels the experience she 
is gaining will be a stepping stone to 
a paid position in her field. 

"Right now I'm doing everything I 
wanted to do," she says. Graduation 
was a beginning rather than an end 
for her, whose long-term goals in- 
clude graduate school. 

She enjoyed her interaction with 
traditional students at Agnes Scott. 
'Age doesn't make a difference any- 
more. 1 like people the way they are." 
This 47-year-old does admit she 
thought it would be hard to be a 
friend to 18-year-olds "when you're 
their mothers' age," but notes: "1 
didn't think we would have anything 
in common; but 1 found that was not 

Coming from Dekalb College, 
where she received an associate's 
degree, Louise Bailey began Agnes 
Scott as a junior. Discovering she 
could get additional financial aid if 
she took a full load, Bailey jumped 
in with both feet. 

She spent the whole first quarter 
waiting for something terrible to 
happen, she says, taking school one 
day at a time. She made it through 
her first test; then her first mid-term; 
and finally her first exam; and the 
"boom never fell." 

After graduating with degree in 
English literature in 1984, Bailey 
took a job as a legal assistant until 
her last child finished college. Now, 
two years later, she is ready to return 
to the classroom and receive certifi- 
cation to teach. Like Dudley, she is 
looking ahead to graduate school. 
She plans to teach for a year or two 
until she decides on the focus of her 


Liiida Florence with her children: John, 8; Robyn. 4; andjodi, i6. She uorks m the Admissions Office and attends classes part time. 

These four women represent typi- 
cal Agnes Scott Return to College 
students. Each is unique, yet a com- 
mon theme runs through each of 
their stories. It is their thirst tor 
knowledge, their striving for per- 
sonal excellence, and their commit- 
ment to a quality education. 

Over the past three years, the 
RTC population has grown from 25 
to almost 70. The program cele- 
brated its official 10th anniversary in 
May, although Agnes Scott has been 
admitting non-traditional students 
since as early as the 1930s. 

Marilynn Mallory started as part- 
time director of the RTC program in 
1983. After a year the program ex- 
panded so much that her job grew 
into a tull-time one. 

Of the 68 enrolled RTCs, says 
Mallory, 50 percent work; 50 percent 
have children under the age of 18; 
and 30 percent have small children, 
work, and go to school. The o\'erall 
RTC grade point average is 3 . 

"These women are bright, intelli- 
gent, and motivated," says Mallory. 
"They have a passion tor life." 

An invitation mailed out this 
summer to prospective Return to 
College students captures the deter- 
mined spirit ot the women who 
choose the program. On the tront is 
a pen and ink drawing of a woman 
standing on her toes, with one arm 
raised, ready to take off. Under- 
neath, the words read, "On your 
mark . . . Get Set . . . Grow." See 
you at the starting line. 

Linda Florence is a SS-year-old mother 
of three who works in the Admissions 
Office in addition to attending school. 
She writes: "Four years ago 1 enrolled 
at Agnes Scott as a Return to College 
student. I told my children I was going 
to be a RTC, and they wanted to know 
why 1 joined the Army. Today I am 
halfway through my junior year In five 
more semesters 1 will walk across the 
platform and receive my degree. Deter- 
mined? You bet. " 

This article is adapted from an article by 
Florence which appeared in The Dekalb 

118 WINTER 1986 

Photographs by Gabriel Benzur 
Interior settings by ] ova/Daniels/Busby Architects 

Jewels in the Crown 

Restored to their former grandeur, 
Agnes and Rebekah Scott Halls are filled witti new treasures. 

By Stocey Noiles 

The oldest buildings on Agnes 
Scott's campus now have become 
the newest. The photographs on 
these pages show the culmination of 
a yearlong effort, a partnership of 
designers, architects and contractors 
working to restore Agnes and Rebekah 
Scott Halls to their former elegance. 
Elegant they are — lovely to look at, 
to live in, to work in. 

When Agnes Scott Hall was built 
in 1891, it epitomized luxurious col- 
lege living. It contained electric 
lights, steam heat, hot and cold 

running water and sanitary plumb- 
ing. Its original cost was $82,500, 
some $12,500 more than its compan- 
ion hall, which was built in 1905. 

Their combined renovation cost 
$2.6 million. As with Inman Hall's 
renovation, muchof the furniture 
was given by alumnae. A great deal of 
furniture came from the Julia Ingram 
and Linford B. Hazzard estate, which 
was left to the College this year. Julia 
Ingram Hazzard was a member of the 
Class of 1919. Their bequest also 
enabled the College to furnish many 

of the parlor rooms with curios and 
other finishing touches. 

According to Vice President for 
Business and Finance Gerald O. 
Whittington, the approach to ren- 
ovating Main and Rebekah differed 
from that of Inman. "We decided to 
renovate the character of the facili- 
ties with wood furniture and chan- 
deliers. They're not as dressed as 

"[Before its renovation] Inman 
was your basic residence hall," 
explained Whittington. "Because 


The McKinney Parlor is the room most evocative of the Victorian period. It has darker tones than other, more brightly painted rooms in Main. Much of the 

furniture comes from the Hazzard estate. 

Main originally had a multipuqjose 
use (it housed student rooms, ad- 
ministrative and faculty offices, as 
well as classrooms during the early 
years of the College), it is less uni- 
form and has more interesting nooks 
and crannies. It's got that hexagonal 
tower. Rebekah has columns as its 
main feature. We had to dress up 
In man more." 

Much of Inman's dressed look 
comes from its Victorian print 
wallpaper. The interior designers, 
led by Henri Jova of Jova/Daniels/ 
Busby Architects, chose a different 
route for Main and Rebekah. 

"The dorms were in bad condition 
as far as the walls and the trim," said 
Nancy Boyer, the project manager 
for Jova/Daniels/Busby. "We painted 
them to bring out the trim. We did 
the trim in contrasting colors. 

"We tried to pick fabrics and colors 
of the Victorian period," said Boyer. 
"We had already done research on it 
for another project. However, it's 

An alcove in Rebekah's lobby. The mirror was 

found in a storage room under the dining hall, 

restored and reguilded. The Jacobean chair 

is a gift of Nelle Chamlee Howard '34. 

hard to find fabrics that will with- 
stand the wear of dormitory use, but 
are also of that period. 

"We also tried very hard not to 
make it look decorated. President 
Schmidt had asked that [all the 
rooms] not look alike, that each 
room be unique," she explained. 
They chose to paint the ceilings to 
add interest to the rooms. A subtle 
mauve tints the ceiling in Rebekah's 
reception hall, while its main lobby 
ceiling is painted lilac. To further 
enhance the period look of the build- 
ings, Boyer and Michi Newman, 
the project designer, selected Victo- 
rian lighting fixtures that would 
reflect onto the ceilings yet cast a 
great deal of light. 

One concession that they did not 
make to the Victorian era was win- 
dow treatments. Although that 
period is known for heavy, dark 
draperies, Boyer and Newman chose 
minimal, draped swags for all the 
parlor rooms and offices to allow 
more light to enter. 


Frances Garrett's 
labor ot love 

Because Frances Steele Garrett '37 
lived in Rebekah Scott Hall for part 
of her undergraduate career at Agnes 
Scott, she takes particular delight 
in working with the designers and 
alumnae board to acquire furniture 
for Agnes and Rebekah Scott Halls' 
renovations. "Those two buildings 
have a very special place with me," 
she says. 

Garrett and Alumnae Acquisi- 
tions Committee members Dot Travis 
Joyner '41 and Julia Thompson Smith 
'31 gave the donated furniture to 
Nancy Boyer and Michi Newman 
of J ova/Daniels/Busby Architects, 
who planned the color scheme for 
the dormitories. "Once I got the 
furniture to them, they saw that it 
was restored," said Garrett. "Most of 
these [pieces] have been in an attic 
or basement and need a lot of help." 

The College's appeal to alumnae 
for furnishings garnered an excellent 
response. Donations came from as 

A view from the president's office into the adjacent waiting area. 

Below the portrait of Agnes Scott sits a chest from the Hazzard estate. 

]ulia Ingram Hazzard was a member of the Class of 1919 ard taught briefly at Agnes Scott. 

far as North Carolina, Tennessee, 
South Carolina and Louisiana, said 
Garrett. "We have emphasized that 
if one has anything one cherishes, we 
would want it — rugs, lamps, mirrors," 
she noted. "We want to make people 
understand that we will take care of 

and will display the pieces so that 
many, many people will enjoy them." 
Garrett said that the College plans 
to acknowledge each of the gifts with 
brass nameplates identifying the 
donor and her class. 

None of the original windows 
remain, but design specifications 
called for exact replicas. Said the 
College's business manager, Terry 
Maddox, "The subcontractor told us 
that they had to measure each win- 
dow [in Main and Rebekah] . " Com- 
bined, there were about 28 different 
sizes in the two buildings. 

The largest office space that Jova/ 
Daniels/Busby had to work with was 
the Admissions Office, located in 
Rebekah. Because, according to 
Newman, "they have computer equip- 
ment and the spaces have to func- 
tion," a series of mini-walls or parti- 
tions were constructed down the 
middle of the room. The partitions 
are painted teal with beige cornices. 
They hide computer equipment and 
give privacy to the secretaries. 

Admissions looks more contempo- 
rary than the rest of the offices. This 
is due partly to the wall-to-wall car- 
peting, which Boyer said was installed 
to reduce noise. 

The two Georgian sofas in Rebekah's lobby 

are gifts of Florrie Guy Funk '41. 

Colored ceiUngs add interest to the room. 

The ceilings in Admissions and 
Main's McKinney Parlor are con- 
structed of tin, a building material 
commonly used at the turn-of-the- 
century. Bailey and Associates, the 
architects in charge of structural 
renovation, chose wherever possible 
to keep the tinned ceilings as they 
are evocative of the building's his- 
tory. "They had to tear up lots of the 
ceiling space for wiring, though," 
noted Terry Maddox. 

Sometimes, however, the same 
period features that add charm to a 
room can be the biggest headaches 
for the interior designer. Newman 
and Boyer both groaned when recall- 
ing their attempt to make Rebekah's 
reception room appear symmetrical. 
Pilasters, rectangular boxes extend- 
ing from the walls and ceiling, were 
constructed of sheet rock to hide the 
heating and air-conditioning units. 
Aligning the pilasters with existing 
columns and beams enough to de- 
ceive the naked eye was no small 
task. <> 


The "uindou' room" on third 
floor Main was converted into 
a lounge. The vivid color on the 
ivalls works well only with 
lots of light, says] ova/ Daniels' 
Nancy Boyer (Area nig courtesy 
ofSharian Rugs oj Decatur ) 

^ The sofa scoi jull view was 
donated by jura Taffar Cole 32. 
nearly identical to one the College 
oimed. Timic'J ceilings were common 
turn-of'the century design elements. 

The authur uwild like to thank h'rances 

Steele Garrett '37, who cuntributed invaluable assistance 

in researching this article. 

Rehekah's reception hall sports chairs donated by Trust Company Bank. The drape of the swags echoes the arched patterns of the windows, exact replicas of 
the original panes. Pilasters were extended from the walls and ceiling to hide heating units and make the room appear symmetrical. 


By Lynn Donham 

Discover India, Discover Yourseif 

The Agnes Scott students who 
chose to go on the Gloha 
Awareness Program to India last 
summer wanted to learn about India. 
They spent three weeks of intensive 
classroom study and field trips in and 
around Bombay and Madras; then 
they spent two more weeks touring 
major areas of India and Nepal. The 
group was taught by Charles A. Dana 
Professor of History Penny Campbell 
and Associate Professor of Sociology 
Connie Jones, both familiar with 
India from earlier visits and study. 
Accommodations ranged from 
modern hotels to a government tourist 
bungalow; students also visited rural 
homes of traditional Indian families. 

Summer heat, monsoon rains, 
heavy academic workloads, fast- 
paced days, strange food, and the 

124 WINTER 1986 

A stiver m the Nepidese village of Thimi. 
Inset: A wall of the old cifs in ]aipur, India. 

contrast of dire poverty and incred- 
ible richness took a toll. With few 
exceptions, the students saw those 
weeks in India and Nepal as some of 
the toughest in their lives. They say 
they came back changed and that 
they are grateful. 

"It IS without question the less tradi- 
tional, less conventional knowledge 
that I have gained that is by far the 
most valuable. It is also the knowl- 
edge that is the least tangible and 

Photographs by Sharon Core 

the most difficult to describe. 

was shocked and horrified by 
the disease and the poverty about 
which I had only read or seen pic- 
tures. I had never grasped the reality 
of it, the vastness of it, or how slim 
are the chances of escape from such a 
perpetual state. I was overwhelmed 
by feelings of futility and compas- 
sion, wondering so often how it is 
that I find myself living so secluded a 
life and in such comparative opu- 
lence. I hope that I never lose my 
sense of amazement of seeing not 
only looks of determination on [the 
people's] faces, but smiles as well, in 
spite of hardships and adversities 
which I can only begin to conceive. 
"I found, at times, an incredible 
inability to cope with tiredness, 
sickness, and sadness. My tolerance 
level tor cultural differences and 

language barriers became increas- 
ingly shorter. Much to my dismay, I 
found myselt longing tor that which 
was cushy and familiar .... The 
range of emotions that I felt and the 
sights both horrifying and beautiful 
were more than I had ever imagined. 
"I have seen more than most people 
would have the opportunity to, and 
I have seen more than some people 
would care to. 1 am becoming in- 
creasingly grateful tor having had 
this eye-opening, very gut-wrench- 
ing, very enlightening experience." 
— Bridget Cunningham '88 



"Personal growth is sometimes painful. 
1 had a very painful summer in India. 
But I wouldn't trade it tor anything, 
nor would I change the process by 
which it occurred."— Geraldine 
Crandall, Return to College student 

"1 will read the newspaper in a differ- 
ent way," wrote one student in an 
evaluation of the program. Another 
student wrote, 'An Indian woman 
told me, 'The classroom is theory, 
this is reality.' " 

"The professors' friends and ac- 
quaintances treated us like family 
and went to extreme measures to see 
to our comfort and enjoyment. The 
Indian people possess a faith in God 
and acceptance and goodwill toward 
others . . . difficult to match any- 
where."— Janet Nabors, Return to 
College student 

"All of India can be read about in a 
book, but the experiences I acquired 
firsthand will have an impact on me 
for the rest of my life," wrote another 
student. "I know what nonalignment 
means from an Indian's point of 
view .... 

"My trip has made me much more 
aware of the world around me and 
has caused me to rethink and reassess 
my values and goals. We must all be 
made aware of the other people of 
the world and of their hopes and 

"Even the more modern women of 
India live in standards where equality 
is not even a question. For example, 
every time we would go to the front 
desk of the hotel, if a man came up 

A mother and child in Kathmandii. 4 


Villagers in Indra Nagar. outside Madras, get 
relatively clean uater from this uell. L'rKlean 
uater keeps much of India plagued by disease. 

Students celebrated Americas Fourth oj luly 
holiday uith sparklers andfireuorks in \Wras, 
India. A hotel towel became their homemade 
American flag, complete with 50 stars. 

This Buddhist center in Bombay proiides day 
care for children of untouchables. 

A dyemaker earns her liiing in Nepal 

after us, that did not matter. W'fe 
were dropped, and the man was 
helped first. When we would go to 
villages, the men's opinion always 
mattered and the women either did 
not have one or it mattered little." 
— Karen Youngner '87 

"I realized how divided America is: 
The wealthy are here, the poor there. 
I'd walk down the streets of India 
and think, 'Where are our poor in 
.-America?' We do have street people. 
Not to the degree that India has, hut 
we hide a lot of the poverty* and the 
bad things that we don't want to see. 
There's a song that Phil Collins 
does, that talks about how we want 
to turn it off, we want to shut it out, 
close the doors to all the starring 
faces, all the economic problems, 
the political corruption, but you 
can't. Because it's alwavs there. And 
no matter how you go through your 
life, there are poor still starving. 
Someone is dving because of a war. 
And I hope I always remember that, 
and I hope I never forget those faces I 
saw and the people I met. 

"I can really appreciate what the 
Indian people are doing, tr^'ing to 
build an economic base that is going 
to last, that is theirs. 

"We talk about the Third World. 
Go live in it for a month." — Elizabeth 
Buck '87 

I OA */i\rn:n Ano^ 

The lush land of Nepal brought u'dcome relief 
from the monsoon heat and city streets oflndta. 

Mminusi, on the river Ganges, Jrau's man\ HinJu pilgrims to its banks. In Hnulii tniJition, 
thi )se who die in Vhranasi anJ ai"e eremateJ there are freed from the cycle of rebirth to enter paradise. 

This image of BiicJiJha near Vuranasi is an iniportant shrine for Tibetan Buddhists who have 
taken refuge in India since Tibet icas recliiimed by China. 

"The Taj Wahal is the most jnagni/ieent thing / 
hai'e ei'er seen. 

"The Taj was built by the Mogul ruler Shah 
Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaj Mahiil. 
He U'os heartbroken ichen she died in childbirth 
after fyroducing 14 children in their 17 years of 
marriage. The Taj has been described as the most 
extravagant monument ei'er built for love. 

"The detail of the Taj is Listoundmg. Although 
the designs look like they have been painted on, 
don't let it fool you. All the designs are inlays of 
semiprecious stones. " 
— Sharon Core '85 



Agnes Scott loses two who mode a difference: Jotin A. Sibley 

John A. Sibley, trustee 
emeritus, and member ot the 
board from 1936-1972 died on 
Oct. 25. He was 98 years old. 

Considered by many to be 
the savior of Georgia's public 
education system during the 
turbulent civil rights era, 
Sibley chaired the 1960 Sibley 
Commission. It was created 
by then-Gov. Ernest Vandiver 
in the aftermath of the Su- 
preme Court's 1954 decision 
to desegregate public schools. 

Sibley was born on Jan. 4, 
1888inMilledgeville, Ga., 
to a farmer and his wife. He 
attended Georgia Military 
Academy there and graduated 
in 1911 from the University of 
Georgia with a law degree. 

He returned to Milledgeville 
to practice law and married 
Nettie Whitaker in 1914. 
They had three children. 
That same year, he was ap- 
pointed judge of the Baldwin 
County Court by Gov. John 
M. Stanton. 

When Atlantan Hughes 
Spalding invited Sibley to 
join the family law firm. King 
&. Spalding, he accepted. 
Almost immediately the 
young lawyer became em- 
broiled in a lawsuit between 
the Coca-Cola Co. and its 
independent bottlers. They 
sued the company to keep 
syrup prices at levels specified 
in their contracts, although 
sugar prices were escalating at 
that time. They compromised 
and Sibley's career took oft. 

He became a lawyer for 
Coca-Cola and moved to 
Delaware, where the corpo- 
rate offices were then located. 
As their attorney, he was 
involved in trademark litiga- 
tion against Pepsi and Nehi, 
maker of Royal Crown Cola. 

Three years after his first 
wife died in a car accident in 

1934, Sibley married Barbara 
Sanford Thayer. They had 
tour children. 

The Sibleys moved back to 
Atlanta in 1942, where he 
rejoined King & Spalding. 
His connection with Coca- 
Cola was not broken. He 
became legal counsel to Trust 
Company Bank, whose presi- 
dent was Coca-Cola owner 
Ernest Woodruff. 

In 1942 when the bank 
faced the impending deaths 
of both its chairman and 
president, Sibley took over 
both responsibilities. 

Under his stewardship the 
bank increased deposits from 
$104 million to $258 million. 
He held the presidency until 
1948, was chairman until 
1959 and was named honorary 
chairman for life in 1963. 

It was his role as chairman 
of the General Assembly 
Committee on Schools — or 
Sibley Commission — tor 
which he will be remembered 
most in the state of Georgia. 

At the commission's first 
meeting in February 1960 

Sibley stated, "We're here 
because . . . state laws are in 
conflict with the ruling of the 
Supreme Court of the United 
States . . . regardless ot 
whether we like it or not. 

"You're faced with the prob- 
lem ot whether or not . . . 
to abolish public education, 
or . . . change some ot your 
laws. If you abolish education, 
you face a very turbulent 
situation. If the federal courts 
get hold ot the education sys- 
tem . . . you could also face a 
\'ery turbulent situation." 

The commission diffused 
tension by allowing angry 
constituents to vent their 
wrath during a series ot hear- 
ings in 10 Georgia congres- 
sional districts. They used 
straw polls in each ot the 
districts to obtain broader 
public opinitm. 

Although the vast majority 
of the state's white citizens 
favored segregation, the com- 
mission found that the state 
"must recognize that the 
(Supreme Court] decision 

exists; that it is binding on 
the lower federal courts; and 
that it will he enforced." On 
the commission's recommen- 
dation, U.S. District Judge 
Frank A. Hooper set Sep- 
tember 1961 as the date for 
final compliance. 

During his tenure as a 
trustee at Agnes Scott, Sibley 
was a member of the develop- 
ment, executive and invest- 
ment committees. He was 
chairman of the nominations 
committee during most of his 
service there, from 1950 until 

In addition to his contribu- 
tions to Agnes Scott, Sibley 
was a member of Coca-Cola's 
board tor 16 years and held 
directorships in numerous 
other corporations, including 
Georgia Power Co. , Equifax, 
West Point Manufacturing 
Co. and the Nashville, 
Chattanooga and St. Louis 

Callaway Gardens in Pine 
Mountain, Ga. , honored him 
with the John A. Sibley 
Horticultural Center, in 
recognition of his long-time 
affiliation with the resort. He 
was an honorary chairman of 
metropolitan Atlanta's United 
Way, which named their 
highest award after him. 

An article written in The 
Atlanta Journal/Constitution 
noted: 'At 98, Sibley still was 
going to his office in the Trust 
Company tower each weekday 
from 1 1 : 30 to 2 : 30 and waging 
a class action suit against the 
Cobb County gox'ernment 
over tax assessments ot rural 
land parcels, including his 
own. He never shied from a 

John A. Sibley is survived 
by his wife and six children, 
including Agnes Scott trustee 
Horace Sibley, 18 grandchil- 
dren, 17 great-grandchildren 
and two brothers. 

■ oo , 


Augustus H. Sterne 

During the month ot October, 
Agnes Scott lost another 
friend and trustee emeritus, 
Augustus H. "Billy" Sterne. 
Sterne, the former chairman 
of the board of Trust Company 
of Georgia, died on Oct. 13 at 
the age of 73. He was elected 
to the board of trustees in 
1971 and served until 1984. 
While on the board, he was a 
member of the investment, 
executive, academic affairs 
and development committees, 
and chairman of the nomina- 
tions committee from 1972- 
81. He was appointed to the 
presidential search committee 
in 1981. 

Sterne was one of the most 
influential Atlanta business 
leaders of his generation. "I 
can't think of anything of any 
major significance in the last 
few years in which he has not 
been involved," George Berry, 
a former city official who now 
heads the state Department of 
Industry and Trade, said in 

In 1978, a story in The 
Atlanta Journal named Sterne 
"one of Atlanta's 10 most 
powerful" business leaders. 

"His interests and concerns 
reached out to all areas of our 
community and he gave of 
himself unselfishly to so many 
causes," Robert Strickland, 
Sterne's successor as chairman 
of Trust Company, said. "He 
left ... a legacy of love and 

He chaired Trust Company, 
one of the South 's largest 
banks, from 1973 until retire- 
ment in 1978. Earlier, he had 
been its president from 1964 
to 1973 and senior vice presi- 
dent from 1957 to 1964. 

After leaving the banking 
world, Sterne moved to the 
academic, working to build 
bridges between Atlanta's 
white and black communities 
as dean of the Graduate School 

of Business at predominantly 
black Atlanta University. He 
kept office hours at the school 
for four years, and refused to 
accept any salary other than 
$ 1 a year. 

Augustus Harrington Sterne 
was born Feb. 23, 1913, in 
Montgomery, Ala. , and moved 
to Atlanta with his family 
when he was a year old. His 
father was a salesman for an 
agricultural chemical company. 

The young Sterne gradu- 
ated from Boys High and the 
University of Georgia. He got 
a job at Trust Company in 
1936. At first he "picked up 
the mail and filled the chair- 
man's water bottle." 

Sterne became treasurer in 
1940. In 1942-45, he served 
in the Marine Corps and rose 
to the rank of first lieutenant. 
Returning to the bank, he 
steadily moved up and became 
president in 1964. 

The man who would play a 
part in changing racial atti- 
tudes in Atlanta had "grown 
up as much a red-neck as the 
next fellow," he says. But his 
attitudes were changing slowly 

in 1966 when then-Mayor 
Ivan Allen Jr. appointed 
Sterne to the board of Eco- 
nomic Opportunity Atlanta. 

"1 remember that when a 
proposal came up to give the 
poor a chance to vote on how 
money was spent to help 
them, 1 opposed it," Sterne 
recalled. "Later, 1 changed 
my mind. I developed a con- 
science about such things." 

While at Atlanta Univer- 
sity, he found it difficult to 
bring about change. 

"1 had had 42 years in the 
business world," Sterne said. 
"In an academic setting, you 
learn that the dean doesn't 
have as much authority as you 
had thought. 1 had the sup- 
port of the president, but the 
faculty ran it, for all practical 
purposes. 1 couldn't get used 
to it; it was like the tellers 
setting their own hours." 

Sterne was a former presi- 
dent of the Commerce Club 
and Capital City Club; a 
former director of United Way 
of Metropolitan Atlanta and 
a member of the governing 
board of United Way of Amer- 

ica; a former trustee of the 
Atlanta Arts Alliance; a past 
chairman of the University of 
Georgia Foundation; past 
co-chairman ot a joint Tech- 
Georgia Development Fund; 
a UGA trustee emeritus; a 
trustee of Atlanta Uni\-ersity 
and Lovett School, in addi- 
tion to Agnes Scott. 

Surviving are his wife, 
Helen Hopkins Sterne, two 
sons, three daughters, two 
brothers, a sister and eight 
grandchildren. — Tom Bennett 

This article is excerpted with 
permission from The Atlanta 

Tour the Amazon 

The Alumnae Association is 
offering a new natural history 
travel program this summer. 
The first trip will be June 
11-20, 1987, to the Amazon 
and jungle area of Peru. An 
optional excursion concluding 
on June 25 to Machu Picchu, 
the lost city ot the Incas, will 
be included. 

Guides will lead partici- 
pants through areas of natural 
beauty, cultural and historical 
significance. The first leg of 
the tour will explore the 
balance of plant, animal and 
human communities along 
the Amazon River. 

International Expeditions, 
which has hosted similar 
excursions for the National 
Audubon Society and Fern- 
bank Science Center, among 
others, will lead the tour. It 
will begin in Miami on June 
11 and returns either June 20 
or 2 5 . The base price is $ 1 , 598 
with an additional $549 re- 
quired for travel to Machu 

For further information or a 
free brochure contact Lucia 
Sizemore at 371-6325 or Nancy 
Hilyer at 493-6209. 




On president's recommendation, 
board raises faculty salaries 

President Ruth Schmidt 
announced at this year's open- 
ing convocation that the 
Agnes Scott Board of Trustees 
had awarded at her request an 
unusually large salary increase 
to all faculty members. De- 
pending on what other institu- 
tions do this year, it should 
give Agnes Scott a number 
one standing in that area. 
Faculty salaries should now 
rank equally with 80 percent 
of the institutions in the 
American Association of 
University Professor's IIB tier. 
Private, four-year institutions 
with no graduate programs 
comprise the IIB category. 

Said Dean of the College 
Ellen Hall, "In order to be 
able to say we value our facul- 
ty, we ha\'e to pay them well. 

"It's extremely important 
for us to be able to attract 
top faculty," she continued. 
"Clearly, faculty have not 
been the best-paid profes- 
sionals in the country," she 

A faculty committee on 
compensation, chaired by 
Professor Robert Leslie, 
suggested that the College 
work toward this goal, to be 
achieved by the College's 
centennial in 1989. 

"The administration agreed 
with the goal, but asked the 
board for an immediate in- 
crease rather than waiting or 
domg it incrementally," said 
President Schmidt. The 
board's executive committee 
recommended that the board 
approve a budget in the spring 
with only a 6 percent increase 
for both faculty and staff. 
That raise represented only 
part of the amount in the 
administration's request and 
was distributed to staff and 
faculty as equity, merit or 
promotion increases. 

When the board finished 

its evaluation of the president 
and reaffirmed her administra- 
tion, Schmidt asked that the 
board raise faculty salaries to 
the full amount requested last 

All full-time faculty, ex- 
cluding sabbatical replace- 
ments, were eligible for the 
raise. It constituted a one- 
time increase in order to 
achieve parity with AAUP's 
IIB tier. Full professors re- 
ceived $3,675; associate 
professors $2,020; assistant 
professors $2,065; and instruc- 
tors $3,000 in addition to the 
earlier raises. 

These mcreases should 
bring the salaries of Agnes 
Scott's faculty equal to those 
of 80 percent of their peers 
around the country. "Our 
faculty are very committed 
people," said Hall. "However, 
they want to feel as if they're 
well paid [in comparison to 
other faculty] in this city and 
in the nation." 

As yet, there are no firm 
plans to raise the salaries of 
the College staff beyond 
normal increments. In part, 
said Schmidt, because there 
is no equivalent structure to 
AAUP rankings for college 
staff members. 

Although not under her 
jurisdiction. Hall notes that 
"certainly there's a concern" 
about staff salaries. "The fac- 
ulty has expressed concern." 

At the Sept. 5 faculty 
meeting a resolution was 
passed and sent to Board 
Chair Larry Gellerstedt, staff 
members, and administrative 
officers commending the 
"conscientiousness and dedi- 
cation of the staff of the 

"In addition," the faculty 
resolution stated, "we recom- 
mend to the board of trustees 
and the president that a high 

% . ^ ^ 

Join wur classmates at Alumruit; VKftrkenti April 24-26, J987. Caic\\up 
u'i'th oU /riernis ani. vi\ci<ji new onti. For further information contact Lucia 
Howard Sizemore '65, director o/ alumnae avoirs, at 404/371 -6323. 

priority be given to the im- 
provement of the salaries and 
w-ages of all members of the 
staff. " 

Said Gerald O. Whitting- 
ton, \'ice president for business 
and finance, "It's a concern 
that we have and something 
that we have looked at in the 

"We have been reviewing 
staff salaries in the same way 
we reviewed the faculty's. We 
hope to find at the end of this 
review whether we need to 
address [the issue] in some 
meaningful way." 

Alumnae College 
and Elderhostel 

Make plans to attend 
Alumnae College 
June 14-19, 1987. Elder- 
hostel, an international 
educational program for 
people over 60, will be 
hosted by Agnes Scott 
during the same week. 
Further information on 
both programs will be 


One semester down, many 

Students and faculty have 
completed the first semester 
of the current year — the first 
semester at Agnes Scott since 
the quarter system was ini- 
tiated in the 1930s. Mary K. 
Owens Jarhoe '68, the Col- 
lege's registrar, thinks the 
new system is working, with 
no major glitches or disrup- 
tions so far. 

She observes that "people 
on the faculty who supported 
the idea think it makes for a 
better academic program with 
more continuity. [They] feel 
it's more preferable in terms of 

David Behan, associate 
dean of the College, agrees. 
He was chair of the faculty 
committee charged with 
restructuring the College's 
curriculum when the calendar 
changed this year. "For liberal 
education," he contends, "the 
semester system is superior. " 

A professor of philosophy, 
Behan notes, "I have found in 
introductory courses that at 
the end of a quarter, students 
were just getting the knack of 
philosophical thinking. I 
always said: 'If 1 only had four 
or five more weeks ....'" 

Behan, like many faculty 
members, feels that the qual- 
ity of work turned in at the 
end of the term will be better 
than in the past, since stu- 
dents will not be as rushed. 

Conversely, Dean of the 
College Ellen Hall '67 has 
been getting complaints from 
students that some professors 
haven't adjusted the amount 
of work meted out to the new 
calendar. They still feel over- 

The faculty voted to change 
to the semester system on 
Jan. 4, 1985. In February 
they elected the Semester 
System Steering Committee. 
On Nov. 8 of that year, they 

more to go 

approved a new set of basic 
requirements. In ail, the 
process took eight months. 

According to Hall, this was 
a remarkable turn-around. 
"When a college has not 
made a significant change in 
a curriculum or calendar for a 
very long period of time, some 
of the people who formulated 
the structure are no longer 
around to talk about its origins. 

The administration hopes 
that the semester system will 
provide a better safety net for 
students in academic trouble. 
By the time students got 
settled into the academic and 
residential routine in the fall, 
notes Hall, the quarter was 
almost over. Mostly students 
in severe academic trouble 
were brought to the attention 
of the deans. 

The faculty voted to report 
all freshman and sophomore 
grades of C and below at 
mid-semester. However they 
are encouraged to report all 
grades of underclasswomen. 

"The idea has always been 
to give much attention, aca- 
demically and personally to 
the student," says Hall. "If we 
came to the end of a quarter, 
nine weeks later, and realized 
we didn't get a handle [on a 
particular problem], from our 
point of view, that was a very 
discouraging thing." 

Most notably, the new 
curriculum allows students 
more flexibility in choosing 
their course loads. Now, 
approximately one third of 
their classes are required 
rather than the almost one 
half required under the quar- 
ter system. 

The changes herald the 
faculty's desire to renew their 
commitment to a curriculum 
that has breadth and depth of 
study — a commitment to the 
best in liberal education. 

Oktober comes but once a year 

By all indications, this year's 
OktoberQuest was a strong 
success. "Whenever students 
come and are excited about 
being here, excited about 
Agnes Scott College and are 
talking about applying, we 
feel successful," said Assistant 
Director of Admissions Emily 
Sharp '83, the event's co- 
ordinator. Attendance was up 
approximately 25 percent 
from last year. 

One hundred and six high 
school juniors and seniors 
came to campus Oct. 23 and 
24, and attended classes and 
workshops to see how a col- 
lege really functions. Each 
was paired with a current 
student. That way, said Sharp, 
"they get a chance to see the 
inside story of residence life, 
career planning and financial 

"We use OktoberQuest 
more as a time for them to 
experience the campus than 

Seminar examines power 

The Alumnae Association in 
conjunction with Atlanta 
Women's Network will spon- 
sor a seminar called "Prisms of 
Power" on March 28, 1987. 
The seminar, under the aegis 
of the board's continuing 
education program, will be 
held at Agnes Scott. 

"Prisms of Power" will 
explore forms of power and 
powerlessness in our society. 

to e\'aluate them as prospec- 
tive students," she noted. 

"They can really begin to 
see the difference between a 
small school and a large one." 
At least a few must have liked 
what they saw. Sharp said 
that Admissions had 30 pre- 
application interviews the last 
day and even received applica- 
tions from some high schi.)ol 
seniors before they left campus. 

Prospective students were 
treated to a performance of 
the Blackfriars production, 
"Crimes of the Heart," and a 
lecture by history professor 
Mike Brown called "Reflec- 
tions on Liberal Learning." 

Perhaps a successful Okto- 
berQuest portends an ever 
bigger freshman class next 
year. Admissions isn't saying. 
But Sharp notes that the 
event is always lots of fun. 
"We enjoy having people here 
and seeing how accessible the 
professors are," she said. 

"We would like to explore the 
various facets of power, not 
just the climb up the execu- 
tive ladder," says Dr. Lowrie 
Alexander Fraser '56W, the 
Alumnae Board's continuing 
education chair and vice 
president of the Atlanta 
Women's Network. 

For further information, 
call Lucia Sizemore at (404) 


Agnes Scott College 
Decatur, Georgia 30030 

Nonprofit Organization 



Decatur, GA 30030 

Permit No. 469 









► .S5 


• •, ••/.. 

^ i*' 








The Council for rhe Advancement 
and Support of Education has 
honored Agnes Scott College 
for having the top student recruit- 
ment marketing program in the 
nation. Sponsored by Time, Inc., 
this Grand Gold Medal award 
includes a $ 1,000 prize. Judges 
reviewed overall recruitment pro- 
gram goals and success in meeting 
them. They assessed our use of 
campus resources and the cost- 
effectiveness and long-term value 
of the work of our consultants. 
Agnes Scott was selected from 
entries sent hy all ranks of colleges 
and universities. A Silver Medal in 
the recruitment publications cate- 
gory honored the "Issues" series sent 
to prospective students. 

The College's total publications 
program earned a Silver Medal. Another Silver Medal 
went to Agnes Scott and Chiiuko Kojima '54X, for her 
article, "1 Will Not Look Back," published in the Fall 
1986 Alumnae Magazine. This is the first time any work 
from Agnes Scott has earned recognition in the "Best 
Articles of the Year" category, which had more than 300 
entries from across the nation. 

The Alumnae Magazine, last year given a silver 
medal for improvement, for the first time was recognized 
for all-around excellence in the college magazines 
category with a Bronze Medal. The awards will be 

presented at the CASE National 
.'\ssembly in Boston this summer. 

Thank you for your responses to 
the last magazine. Our editorial 
board has met, and with the fall 
issue, we will change our style to 
include Ms. and Mr. routinely, and 
Mrs. on an individual's preference. 
Class News will continue to use a 
more familiar, less formal style. 

This issue marks the passing of 
two men important to Agnes Scott 
College. The cover, a watercolor by 
Paul Melia, of Dayton, Ohio, 
combines portraits of Dr. Wallace 
Alston and George Woodruff with 
images of women whose lives Agnes 
Scott touched throughout those 
decades. In "A Word of Memory, " 
former Dean of the Faculty C. 
Benton Kline adapted his remarks given at the campus 
memorial service to honor Dr. Alston, president 
emeritus. Kay Parkerson O'Briant '70W writes of Mr. 
Woodruffs life and legacy in "A Lasting Mark." 

Alumna Rebecca Fewell's work with children who 
have hearing and sight impairments is featured in a 
piece by University of Washington writer Katherine 
Roseth. My article, "I and Thou" introduces Malcolm 
Peel, Wallace Alston Professor of Bible and Religion, 
and chair of that department. We hope you enjoy it. 
— Lynn Donham 

Editor: Lynn Donham, Managing Editor: Stacey Noiles, Editorial Assistants: Carolyn Wynens, .'Knn Bennett, Student 

Assistants: Chelle Cannon '90. Jill Jordan '89, Ginger Patton '89, Shari Ramcharan '89, Nicola Poser '90, Editorial Advisory Board: 

Dr. Ayse llga: Garden '66, Laura Whitner Dorsey '35, Susan Ketchin Edgerton '70, Sandra Gluck, Mary K. Owen Jarhoe '68, Tish 

Young McCutchen '73, Mildred Love Petty '61, Lucia Howard Sizemore '65, Elizabeth Stevenson '41 

©Copyright 1987, Agnes Scott College. Published three times a year by theOtticeot Publications of Agnes Scott College, Buttrick Hall, 

College Avenue, Decatur, GA 30030, 404/371-6315. The magazine is published for alumnae and friends of the College. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to Office of Development and Public Affairs, Agnes Scott College, Decatur, GA 30030. 

Like other content of the magazine, this 

article reflects the opinion ot the 

writer and not the viewpoint of 

the College, its trustees or administration. 




In the process ot cleaning up after the 
hoUdays, I sat down to look over the 
Agnes Scott Alumnae Magazine Fall 
'86. 1 ended up reading it from cover to 
cover and now 1 can't throw it out for 
these are articles that must he shared 
first — with my social studies class, a 
committee I'm moderator ot, etc. 
Thanks for such a thought-provoking 

jean H. Crook 
Montreat, N.C. 

We received our first paper, the Main 
Events of Fall '86 in January 1987. We 
in Pakistan know little about the 
colleges in the U.S. A. I am particularly 
interested to know more about Agnes 
Scott College. This paper was received 
with great enthusiasm by us. 

Q. Akbar 

Defence Housing Authority 

Karachi, Pakistan 

Thank you for publishing the article 
concerning my recent promotion to 
general attorney. 

My new position is that of assistant 
vice president, not vice president as the 
article indicated. In addition, although 
I am Bell Communication's second 
female AVP, 1 am the first woman, not 
the second, to hold this particular 
position in the legal department. Finally, 
the article noted that both my parents 
were formerly professors at the University 
of Nebraska, Lincoln. Happily, both of 
them are still teaching [there], my 
mother in the construction management 
department and my father in political 

I appreciate your "setting the record 
straight" and thank you again for a fine 

PatnciaJ. Winter '71X 
New Providence, N.J. 

1 feel strongly that not only does it lessen 
human dignity to say simply "Donham, " 
it is unclear. For instance, in Madison 
we have a Judge Bartell and an Attorney 
Bartell who are married and sometimes 
turn up in the same news story. What if 

continued on page 7 

Agnes Scott 
Alumnae Magazine 



Spring 1987 
Volume 65 Number 


A Word of Memory 

A tribute to Wallace M. Alston, Agnes Scott's third president 
and spiritual leader for over 20 years. By C. Benton Kline jr. 


A Lasting Mark 

Throughout his lite, George Waldo Woodruff 

labored diligently to raise the mantle ot education 

and other worthwhile projects in Georgia 

and the southeast. By Kay Parkerson O'Briant 


Strategist for Children with 
Special Needs: Rebecca Fewell 

The former sociology major now heads one ot the 

nation's foremost centers tor the research and education 

of learning-disabled children. B)' Katherme Roseth 


I and Thou 

Professor Malcolm Peel believes that education 

involves mutual giving. He learns as much from 

his students as they do from him. B}" Lynn Dunham 

Lifestyles .... 4 

Finale 31 

A^Mrr r,~^TT «i ll^<M.r ...^.^i».r Ql 


Betsy Morgan tackles 
big issues at the 
Carter Center 

As the petite, clear- 
eyed hkmde stood 
by the lake gazing at 
the Carter Center's 
Japanese garden, she re- 
called long lines of 
academicians marching in 
their colorful hoods. In the 
center of her recollection 
were two United States 
presidents — one her 
boss — with their wives. 
They were backed by 
thousands of important 
individuals from all over 
the world. 

"It is a rare moment in 
lite to see something like 
this come to fruition and 
know I was a part of it," 
says Elizabeth R. Morgan 
'82, remembering the 1986 
dedication ot the Carter 
Presidential Center. 

Morgan is Betsy to all 
who know her, including 

former President Jimmy 
Carter. She is also associate 
director of operations for 
the Carter Center. To her 
husband, H.H. "Buzz" 
Morgan 111, she is not only 
a good wife and mother but 
an administrator. Says he, 
"I've always lived with an 
administrative woman, 
and now she's found just 
the place for her inherent 

To everyone who knows 
Betsy Morgan, her names 
are continuity and cohe- 
sion. In fact, it comes down 
to this: she's the glue for 
the Carter Center. 

Morgan worked to put 
her husband through Geor- 
gia Tech. "I went to Geor- 
gia State while I was work- 
ing to keep my mind from 
shriveling," she says. 
"Then, I saw an ad in the 
paper about the Agnes Scott 
RTC Program and investi- 
gated the possibilities. 

"I was fascinated with 

biology," she continues, "so 
in 1978, 1 enrolled at ASC 
majoring in biology. I was 
the only RTC student at 
that time in biology." 

While attending the 
College Morgan was espe- 
cially inspired by Dr. 
Mildred Love Petty '63, 
who was at the time direc- 
tor of the RTC Program. 
"She had a knack for mak- 
ing things possible — 
quietly and seemingly 
without effort. She was 
capable and understand- 
ing," Morgan says. 

After graduation, she 
spotted another ad in the 
paper. This one from Emory 
University for a position 
with the Carter Center 
Development Office, to 
raise money for construc- 
tion, programming and 
endowment. Intrigued, 
Morgan answered the ad. 
The morning of the inter- 
view was, in short, a 

"Everything went wrong 
that could have gone 
wrong, from the moment 1 
got up. It was a comedy of 
errors. I couldn't even find 
the right place downtown 
tor the meeting, but when 
I did, 1 discovered 50 
people had already been 
interviewed that day. It was 
bumbled all the way. 1 
knew there was no chance 
of getting the job." 

She did get the job and 
went to work for the Carter 
Center in February 1983. 
Within 8 months she be- 
came office coordinator. 
She later transferred to the 
Carter Center's program 
office at Emory, and be- 
came office manager. 

About working with 
President Carter, she says, 
"He is deeply interested in 
the staff and the organiza- 
tion. Being invited to work 
on someone's dream was 
wonderful because the 
dream was mine, too. And 
that is a Camelot kind ot 

"There is no self-aggran- 
dizement about President 
Carter or the people who 
work with him. He invites 
anyone with a problem to 
come to him. He is a superb 
listener. He hears you the 
first time you say anything, 
and readily helps. But 
don't bring him small 
problems," she says, smiling. 

The center plans and 
sponsors world-scope con- 
ferences, which are called 
consultations. Each is a 
challenge in logistics. 
Morgan develops project 
guidelines for the center 
and has helped to prepare 
consultations on the Mid- 



die East, the environment, 
world health, conflict 
resolution, and reinforcing 
democracy in the 
Americas. Carter Center 
Fellows who are experts in 
their fields create these 
consultations. Morgan 
makes them happen. "The 
Carter Center is on the 
cutting edge of world is- 
sues," she says. "I must 
understand the concept 
and focus of each project 
well enough to make it fly." 

Her legwork on each ot 
these endeavors creates a 
workbook nearly a foot 
thick that outlines every- 
thing connected with the 
consultation. Whether it 
be planning meals — from 
menus to seating protocol 
— or arranging lodging for 
scholars, world figures and 
the media, Morgan handles 
every conceivable detail. 
She does not do it alone, 
however. "The Carter 
Center staff is a rare collec- 
tion ot people. There is a 
strong sense of comraderie 
and support that sustains 
each of us." 

She finds her Agnes 
Scott education a plus in 
these instances. Morgan 
remembers Dr. Margaret 
Pepperdene telling her, 
"The most important thing 
that you will learn here is 
to think — use your brain 
and apply it to any situa- 
tion. " When the going gets 
tough, Morgan recalls 
English Professor Pat 
Pinka's phrase: pressure 
makes diamonds. —Pat 

Betsy Morgan left the Carter 
Center this spring, —ed. 

Holton's professional 
life blooms despite 
personal adversity 

hen Jessie Car- 
penter Holton '50 
is asked if she has 
success stories, she smiles 
and says, "Oh, yeah. 1 sure 

There was the boy who 
graduated from high school 
all but unable to read. His 
language skills were so 
poor, Holton says, he 
couldn't even drive a truck 
for his family's business. 

She tutored him for two 
years using the multisen- 
sory approach effective for 
many who suffer from 
dyslexia. Now he's in the 
family business — and not 
as a truck driver, either. 

That's just one of several 
triumphs that makes 
Holton, of Roanoke, Va., 
beam, for she has spent 
more than a dozen years 
working with learning- 
disabled and physically- 
handicapped children, in 
addition to guiding her four 
children, who range in age 
from 24 to 34. 

It hasn't always been 
easy. Holton's husband, 
Van, died in 1977. She lost 
one child to a brain tumor. 
And, in 1985, she was 
seriously injured in an 
automobile accident which 
kept her in the hospital for 

In the fall of that year, 
Holton and another 
Roanoke woman, Barbara 
Whitwell, produced a 
dictionary for dyslexic 
students with varying 
degrees of difficulty in 

readmg, writing and spell- 
ing. The book gives large- 
print, phonetic spellings 
and simplified definitions 
of 12,314 words taken 
from "Angling for Words," 
a well-known approach to 
teaching those with dys- 

The dictionary has been 
added to the 'Angling tor 
Words" series and field tests 
are proving it to be an 
effective resource, Holton 

Holton went back to 
teaching in 1974. She 
earned her master's degree 
from the University of 
Virginia in 1975, and set 
up the learning disability 
program for Roanoke City's 
junior high school students. 
Now an educational con- 
sultant to the Virginia 
Division of Handicapped 

Children in Ro<inoke, she 
acts as a child-ad\-ocate, 
mediating between families 
and school administrators. 

Sitting on a white wicker 
chair on the enck>sed, 
plant-filled porch of her 
new condominium, Holton 
described her work with 
enthusiasm. The en- 
thusiasm spills over to her 
memories of Agnes Scott 
College, for there, she says, 
she realized that learning is 
a lifelong process. 

But she makes one rueful 
admission. "While 1 was at 
Agnes Scott, I couldn't 
imagine being anywhere 
else. 1 really took it for 
granted. It wasn't until I 
was an adult that 1 realized 
what a gift it had been. " — 
Joe Kennedy, staff writer, 
Roanoke Times & World- 

Jessie Carpenter Holton 



The Reverend Daniel 
perks life into a 
faltering Atlanta 

Fresh out of seminary 
and only recently 
ordained the minister 
of Mornmgside Presbyte- 
rian Church, the Rev. 
Perky Daniel looked re- 
markably at home in her 
airy pastor's study. 

And no wonder — at 33, 
she has been acting pastor 
of the church for the past 
year and a half, although 
she was ofticiallv ordained 
June 29. 

Elinor Perkins Daniel 
'74, who was given the 
nickname "Perky" in high 
school, said the transition 
to her new role as senior 
pastor has been easy com- 
pared to her previous hectic 

"The hardest thing for 
the past two years has been 
juggling a full load ot gradu- 
ate school and trying to 
minister," she said. "Now I 
don't have to do a week's 
work in one day. " 

Daniel, who earned a 
master of divinity degree at 
Columbia Theological 
Seminary- in June, first 
became acquainted with 
the Morningside congrega- 
tion when she was hired as 
an intern mjune 1984- At 
that time she was working 
with church programs in 
Christian education and 
pastoral care. 

Six months later, the 
senior pastor told her he 
was not happy with his 
assignment, Daniel said, 
and he left the church and 

Perky Daniei 

went back to his native 
South Carolina. She was 
left m charge. 

"The first week he was 
gone, the basement flooded 
and all kinds ot other 
things happened — I got 
broken in well," she said, 

In the year and a half 
since, the church's 210 
members ha\'e grown 
closer, learning to minister 
to themselves and others, 
Daniel said. 

The church, founded m 
1926 at a neighborhood 
home and mo\'ed to its 
present site at 1411 N. 
Morningside Drive, N.E., 
40 years ago, has weathered 
some tough times in the 
past, according to Daniel. 

In the early 1970s, the 
state Department ot Trans- 
portation appropriated 135 

homes in the Morningside 
area for Interstate 485, 
which was never built. 

Many ot the houses were 
owned by the church mem- 
bers, and one piece of land 
owned by the church was 
home to the minister and 
his family. Daniel said the 
resulting exodus from the 
area affected membership. 

'At one point the presby- 
tery said the church was de- 
clining in membership . . . 
and they didn't know 
whether [the church] was 
going to continue," she 

Now, the people have 
moved back into the neigh- 
borhood. Membership 
and, perhaps more impor- 
tantly, attendance have 
begun to increase since 
Daniel arrived. 

Weddings at the church 

have been booked into 
January, and on some Sun- 
days the church, which 
holds 400, is so crowded 
that people must sit in the 

The growth of Morning- 
side may be partly due to 
its programs. 

The congregation re- 
cently sponsored its first 
overseas family and actively 
supports the Open Door 
Community Center. Com- 
munity groups such as 
Alcoholics Anonymous, 
Scouts and neighborhood 
development committees 
meet weekly at the church. 
Sunday school and youth 
programs have become a 
priority among members, 
and Daniel is fostering a 
prison ministry. 

The church's strong 
music program also attracts 

16 SPRING 1987 


people from the communi- 
ty, said Daniel, who sang 
high soprano with the 
Atlanta Symphony Chorus 
for a year and was an assis- 
tant director of the Young 
Singers ot Callanwolde tor 
seven years. 

"We're right here in the 
arts community, and we do 
creative worship with 
music, visual arts and 
drama, as well as the 
preached word," she said. 
"God speaks to us in a lot 
of different ways, through a 
lot of different media. " 

Daniel majored in music 
at Agnes Scott and sang 
with the choirs at Decatur 
and Peachtree Presbyterian 
churches before she de- 
cided to study pastoral 
counseling. It wasn't until 
she came to Morningside 
that she realized she 
wanted to preach, she said. 

Being the third woman 
to become a senior pastor 
in Atlanta has not been 
difficult, Daniel said, but it 
is odd not to have role 

"I didn't know any 
women who were [senior] 
ministers. If you were a 
woman, you were minister 
of music or a director of 
Christian education, or 
maybe hospital chaplain," 
she said. "The other side of 
it is, being a minister is 
being a minister, regardless 
of whether the role models 
are male or female." 

Daniel has strong roots 
within the Presbyterian 
faith. She was baptized in 
the Northern Presbyterian 
Church, confirmed in the 
former Southern Presbyte- 
rian Church and ordained 

into the recently reunited 
Presbyterian Church. 

Although her lather, a 
sales representative for 
International Harvester, 
and her mother, a regis- 
tered dietician, moved 
often, Daniel, who is an 
only child, has spent the 
last 20 years in Atlanta. 

She met her husband, 
Wallace, 13 years ago after 
he saw her singing in the 
choir at Decatur Presbyte- 
rian Church and sent her a 
dozen red roses. They dated 
five nights in a row and 
then were engaged, al- 
though they did not marry 
tor another 18 months. 

Daniel would like to stay 
at Morningside for a while, 
although statistics show 
that most new pastors are 
transferred from their first 
church after two or three 
years. Eventually, she 
would like to earn a doc- 
torate degree and teach at 
a seminary. 

For now, she has her 
hands full at Morningside, 
taking care ot her staff ot 
five and handling the needs 
of her diversified congrega- 
tion. "We laugh a lot 
around here, even in wor- 
ship," she said. "I think 
this is a special congrega- 
tion—open, loving and 

"If we have some kind ot 
vision for the future, it's 
growing — both individu- 
ally and collectively, both 
internally and externally," 
she said. — Merrell G. 

This article reprinted with 
permission from the July 26, 
1986, edition of The Atlanta 
journal-Cons titu tion . 

continued from page 3 

the newspaper used only 
"Bartell?" I much admire The 
New York Times for using Mr. 
or Mrs. , and Ms. is OK it 
necessary, in every reference 
— even to accused criminals. 
For them, it is especially 
welcome as it certainly makes 
a person appear "innocent 
until proved f^uilty" to use an 
appellation [rather] than 
simply a surname. A ladylike 
(or so we used to be told) 
place like Agnes Scott should 
certainly use Miss, Mrs., or 
Ms. on each reference. 

Do please give up just 
simply "Donham" references 
entirely. Lea\'e that for the 
hoys at British "public" 

Frances Wilson Hurst '37 
Madison, Wis. 

Ms. is meaningless. Female 
might just as well be used. 
One is either Miss, Mrs. or 
Dr. Please give a person who 
respects her husband the 
opportunity to be Mrs. 

Why should Agnes Scott 
let the Associated Press or 
The New York Times dictate 
our policy? 

Margaret Wright Rankin '38X 
Atlanta, Ga. 

You do ha\'e a dilemma in use 
of names. It has been hard for 
me to get used to women 
being called simply by their 
lastnames, but obviously this 
is the going thing. I person- 
ally prefer "Mrs. ," never 
"Ms." It seems to me that the 
problem with use of original 
[maiden] names tor recogni- 
tion [is that] these names 
must always be used. Now 
that I have myselt all in- 
N'olved, I ha\'e no further 
solution, except to use, tor 
example, "Dudney Lynch" 
with Ms. or Mrs. on sub- 

sequent mentions. I would 
have no objection to my tirst 
name alone being used. Can 
the style vary according to 
individual preference.' 

Rene DkcIiil'v Lynch '53,\' 
Los Altos, Calif 

Your Winter '86 issue ot the 
Alumnae Magazine is excel- 
lent — the quality publication 
I have been hoping tor these 
47 years. And it arrived before 
winter had become just a 
distant memory. 

I cast my vote for the style 
manual ot The New York 
Times, my longtime favorite 
newspaper. The use of last 
names only seems somewhat 
rough when referring to 
Agnes Scott students, faculty 
and alumnae, whom we prefer 
to regard as gentle folk de- 
serving of more dignified 

Frances Guthrie Brooks '39 
Cape Elizabeth, Maine 

Please note that the dead- 
lines for class news have 
been changed. News for 
October Main Events is 
now due on August 7, 
1987. Class news for the 
February and June '88 
issues are due on Dec. 1, 
1987, andMarch 15, 1988, 







k> « '•-•. 
















I otter a recollection and a calling 
to mind — what Socrates called 
anamnesis — ot Wallace McPherson 
Alston, a great person and a great 
leader, with thanksgiving for what 
he meant in the life ot Agnes Scott 

Probably no man, no male person 
that is, has ever had as close a 
connection with Agnes Scott as 
Wallace Alston. He was born in 
Decatur in 1906. His grandfather 
lived across Candler Street from the 
College in a house still standing. 
Wallace grew up in Decatur schools, 
in Decatur Presbyterian Church, 
and played on the Agnes Scott 
campus. At the memorial service tor 
Dr. James Ross McCain, Dr. Alston 
spoke of playing baseball on the 
vacant lot where in 1951 the presi- 
dent's house was built. In 1931, he 
married a former Agnes Scott stu- 
dent, Madelaine Dunseith '28X. 
And when in 1948 he came to Agnes 
Scott as vice president, professor of 
philosophy and president-elect, he 
came not as a stranger but as one 
who shared a deep sense of the 

College, its place and its time. 

For 25 years, from 1948 to 1973, 
Wallace Alston was Agnes Scott m 
a very real way, tor he was in intimate 
touch with every aspect of its being: 
n with the students: every one ot 
whom he knew by name, saw in his 
office, entertained in his home, and 
whose parents he also came to know 
and draw into the College family. He 
made a habit ot reading all the 
admissions folders and learning all 
the new students the summer before 
they came to the College. I remember 
the dogged efforts to reach parents 
of a student who was ill or to reach 

a student who had gone home at the 
death of a parent. 1 remember also 
the trip he. Miss Scandrett and Mr. 
Rogers made to the Atlanta jail to 
gain the release ot students arrested 
tor sitting in with tellow students 
trom Spelman College at an all-night 
hamburger stand in Atlanta; 
D with the/acu/t>' and staff: those he 
inherited and those he brought to 
the College, whose life and families, 
interests and concerns, joys and 
sorrows, hopes and fears, he shared 
and cared about. 1 remember the way 
he arranged tor people to complete 
degrees, as he did tor me, how he 
shared in the joy oi the publication 
ot a new article or book or in family 
additions, and how he comforted 
people in the sorrow ot losses; 
D with those ivho worked in the more 
menial tasks, many ot whom had been 
at the College for years, whose labors 
he honored and whose lives also he 

n with members of the Board of 
Trustees, whose lives and interests he 
knew and kept in touch with and 
whose concerns about business or 


politics or church he heard and 
commented on; 

D with the a/urnnae, those from his 
days and of earUer days. He took 
great pride in them, their ac- 
compUshments and service, and he 
worked to keep them in touch with 
the College; 

n with the f)li^sical plant, the build- 
ings and grounds about which he 
cared deeply. I remember the annual 
rounds with Dean Scandrett and 
Business Manager P. J. Rogers to 
inspect every room and space in the 
College to set the summer renewal 
program oi painting and repair, and 
his concern about "the ditches" that 
always seemed to be most obvious in 
late August: would they he covered 
by the time school began?; 
n with the curriculum and what 
went on in the classroom. Probably 
no other president of his time at- 
tended meetings ot the curriculum 
committee so regularly and asked 
such penetrating questions about 
proposals tor courses; 
D with the distinguished visitors, 
lecturers, visiting scholars, drama 
troupes and musicians, who were 
invited to the College and more 
often than not visited the president's 
home for conversation after their 
appearance. I remember the evenings 
with Robert Frost, or the current 
religious emphasis week speaker, and 
one memorable evening when Presi- 
dent Alston quizzed Paul Tillich 
about his sermon-writing. 

During those 25 years, Wallace 
Alston expressed with eloquence and 
integrity his vision for Agnes Scott, 
a vision that was a shared one. In 
his 1957 annual report, he asked: 
What constitutes a "great" college? 
Part of his answer was this: 

lb be a great college, we must keep 
alive the great motives and p^irposes 
that have been responsible for the 
establishment and growth of 
Agnes Scott to her present stature. 
. . . Moreover, the effort to be a 
great college requires clear thinking 

^^To be a great 

College f we must 

keep alive the great 

motives and 
purposes that have 

been responsible 

for the establishment 

and growth of 

Agnes Scott to 

her present stature**^ 

about our present task. . . .We are 
convinced that our educational 
responsibility is to continue to 
offer the bachelor ot arts degree to 
young women in a relatively small 
student body; to provide a rich 
curriculum, integrating the Chris- 
tian interpretation of lite with a 
high quality of academic work in 
an environment where personal 
relationships between members of 
the educational community per- 
tain. In such a situation we are 
trying to otter a liberal arts training 
that touches lite vitally and deter- 
minatively. We are convinced 
that, far from being visionary, 
vague, and unrelated to life, a 
liberal arts education ought to fit 
young people to live with them- 
selves; it ought to contribute to 
marriage, to vocational success, 
and to good citizenship; it ought 
to help with the highest level of 
adjustment — the relationship of 
[a person] with God. The type ot 
education offered at Agnes Scott 
is predicated upon the conviction 
that a mind trained to think is 
essential if life is to be unfettered, 
rich, and free. 

The ouireach and the impact of the 
College must be cumulatively 
vital. The ultimate test [ot the 
validity of our effort as a Christian 
liberal arts college] is the intrinsic 
worth ot Agnes Scott students, 
here and after college days are 
over, in the homes that they 
establish, the professional and 
business careers upon which they 
enter, the church, civic, educa- 
tional, and social relationships 
that they maintain. I am quite 
willing for Agnes Scott's contribu- 
tion to be measured in such terms; 
that it should be so measured is, 
at any rate, inevitable. 
On retirement from Agnes Scott, 
the Alstons moved to Wood Hill at 
Norris Lake some miles away, but 
President Emeritus Alston never 
relinquished his deep ties to Decatur 
and to the College. He did not 
impose his presence, but he came 
when invited and kept in touch. And 
he continued to be for many of us the 
reality ot Agnes Scott. 

Scholar and Teacher 

Wallace Alston was a scholar all 
his days. His formal education in- 
cluded a bachelor's degree from 
Emory University followed by the 
master's in philosophy. He earned 
the bachelor of divinity at Columbia 
Seminary, and in his early years of 
ministry, earned the Th.M. and 
Th. D. degrees at Union Seminary in 
Richmond, Va. Through the years he 
went often to summer sessions at 
schools in the United States and 

But beyond his formal education, 
Wallace Alston was a scholar by 
habit. He was always reading, not 
just tor pleasure, but to extend his 
learning and insight. He would 
tackle a particular writer — a poet or 
novelist — and read the works and 
then biographies and critical studies. 
He also loved history and biography, 
and he read widely in theology as 

110 SPRING 1987 

Age 12 

Age 11 

At 17 in 1923 

well. Finding it difficult to read in 
his last months, he was studying The 
Canterbury Tales in talking book 
form, and some new materials arrived 
just after his death. 

His commitment to scholarship is 
exemplified in these words from his 
1960 report: 
We believe that truth is of God 
and is imperious; that it transcends 
all attempts to codify and delimit 
it, all forms of partisanship, profes- 
sionalism, and propagandizing 
zeal; and that it requires humility, 
honesty, courage, and patience of 
all who are concerned to discover 
it (even in approximation), under- 
stand it, and follow it where it 
requires them to go in their think- 
ing. Freedom of inquiry in the 
college community is a sine qua 
non. . . . 

Wallace Alston was also a teacher. 
When he came to Agnes Scott in 
1948, he was professor of philosophy, 
taking over a small field in the 


Dr* Alston spoke 

of playing hasehall 

on the vacant 

lot where the 

president's house 

was huilt in 1951. 

psychology department and offering 
new and exciting courses. When he 
recruited me for the faculty to de- 
velop the philosophy department he 
wrote to me: "... As 1 explained 
to you, 1 am going to relinquish all 
of my philosophy teaching with the 
exception of a three-hour course in 
the spring on the Christian religion. 
1 may not be able to keep this course 
indefinitely, but I would like to do a 
little teaching in connection with 
the administrative work that 1 will 
assume in July." He did not give up 

that course for 15 years or more, and 
every year he had some of the 
brightest and best of Agnes Scott 
juniors and seniors, together with 
students from Emory and Georgia 
Tech, sitting in on his presentation 
of the philosophical bases of the 
Christian faith. 

Wallace Alston not only believed 
but also exemplified what he wrote 
in his first annual report in 1952: 
"The best education is still that 
which a great teacher makes possible 
to a student when personalities touch 
vitally, when the channel of admira- 
tion conveys living truth to the mind 
and heart of a young man or woman. " 

Being an educator or teacher 
meant for Wallace Alston a concern 
for the whole person. He cared about 
what happened to character and 
personhood. Some students resented 
that. One, now a very distinguished 
professional and a community leader, 
said once: "You can do anything you 
want to stretch my mind, but don't 


mess with my morals." It was not a 
matter of "messing with morals" hut 
of supporting and challenging people 
to take responsibility for their lives 
and become real persons. That was 
sometimes painful. Student Govern- 
ment and the Honor System offered 
a pattern ot responsible living in the 
community, but failures meant 
consequences and sometimes hitter 
feelings on the part of those who felt 
the institution to be against them. 
But there were rewards, also, as shy 
people claimed their strengths and 
inexperienced people gained self- 
confidence and many, many students 
learned responsibility. 

Wallace Alston believed that 
Agnes Scott students and alumnae 
were especially called on to he 
responsible persons. On many occa- 
sions, especially at Commencement, 
he spoke to students of their calling 
to "the aristocracy of competence" 
and of the responsibility in life that 
he called "the liability ot pri\'ilege. " 


Wallace Alston was ordained to 
the ministry by Atlanta Presbytery 
in 1931. He served as a pastor in 
Charleston, WVa., as the director 
of young peoples' work for the Presby- 
terian Church, and again as a pastor 
at Druid Hills Church in Atlanta. 
From there he came to Agnes Scott, 
in response to what he regarded as a 
call to another form of ministry. (Not 
all the faculty were thrilled at the 
idea of a minister as president, but 
when they discovered what manner 
of minister this was, they changed 
their opinion. ) That sense of call was 
very real to him, and the conviction 
that God had called him to the post 
sustained him through the pressures 
and pains of the presidency. 

Wallace Alston was a superb 
preacher, who was in great demand 
and who had three volumes of his 
sermons published; he was a faithful 
churchman, and in 1961, the centen- 
nial year of the Presbyterian Church 

His ministry in 

the Agnes 

Scott community 

was clearly shown 

in his leadership 

of worship* 

(U.S.) he was elected moderator of 
the General Assembly. 

Above all Wallace Alston was a 
pastor, in the Agnes Scott commu- 
nity and beyond. He entered into 
people's lives in a caring and support- 
ing way, and the fruit of that became 
most evident m the weddings and 
baptisms at which he was asked to 
officiate and in the funerals he was 
called upon to conduct — sometimes 
tor people whose lives he had shared 
30 or more years before. His door was 
always open to students and faculty, 
yet confidences were poured out to 
him behind closed doors. 

His ministry in the Agnes Scott 
community was clearly evidenced in 
his leadership of worship. He led and 
spoke in more than half of the 
required Wednesday convocations 
each year. Probably most remem- 
bered is the almost annual talk 
'About This Time ot the Year, " given 

in late January or early February 
when the winter quarter was at its 
lowest ebb, when the weather was 
wretchedly dark, damp and cold, 
and having as its key idea the need 
for GUMPTION -what I think 
Paul Tillich meant by the courage to 

But besides the convocations, 
there were his weeks of evening 
vespers after supper, the exam 
chapels, which he led with just a 
hymn and some scripture and simple 
prayer, and, for the faculty, the 
simple faculty prayers where he read 
some scripture and a piece of devo- 
tional literature from a saint or a 
poet, and we had prayer for students, 
for colleagues, for the world. 

Husband, Father, Friend 

Wallace and Madelaine Alston 
opened their home to students, to 
faculty, to visitors to the campus. 
But the home they opened was the 
home they maintained in an integrity 
of family lite. Wallace Alston took 
time for his family. I'm sure it was 
never as much as they wished, but 
he made sure that they had him there 
when they needed him. I remember 
a meeting being terminated because 
it was time to go and take Mary to 
the Shrine circus, and I remember 
the reports of the long conversations 
with "young Wallace" as he worked 
through his own vocational struggles. 
And he and Madelaine radiated a 
caring love for each other. 

Those of us who were privileged 
to work closely with Wallace Alston 
valued him not only for his scholar- 
ship, his commitment to education, 
his ministry, his articulation ot what 
Agnes Scott was, but above all for 
his friendship — for the way he shared 
himself graciously and modestly. We 
give thanks tor Wallace Alston 
because in the providence ot God our 
lives were intertwined with his and 
from his strength and character and 
faith we have drawn for the shape 
and strength ot our own lives. 

■ 12 SPRING 1987 


We give thanks for 
Wallace Alston* In the 

providence ofQodj 

our lives were 

intertivined with his* 

Some of those ivhose lives he touched (I. to r.): Sharing a laugh with faculty; at 
home with his family; a proud grandfather to Elizabeth Leslie. 

At the celebration ot the 75th 
anniversary ot Agnes Scott College, 
Wallace Alston offered the prayer of 
re-dedication ot the College. That 
prayer conveys something ot the 
character and faith of Wallace 
Alston, which he shared through the 
years in the life of Agnes Scott, and 
for which we are giving thanks as we 
remember him: 

Almighty God, our Father, Source of 
our life. Inspiration of our labors, and 
Goal of all our hopes and purposes — 

We rejoice in the knowledge that in 
Thee we live, and move, and have our 
being; that Thou hast created us for 
Thyself, so that our hearts are restless 
until they find rest in Thee; and that in 
Thy light we may see life clearly, and 

in Thy service find our freedom artd 
Thy purpose for us . . . 

We gladly reneiv the vows of commit- 
ment to truth, solemnly assumed by 
those who have gone before us in the 
work of this institution. Grant to us, 
we pray, a full measure of devotion to 
excellence in scholarship, to integiity of 
life both in and out of the classroom, 
and to freedom of the mind and spirit 
in every aspect of our experience as a 
college. Grant to us the courage to be 
and to do what Thou dost expect of us. 
Forbid that we shall ever be afraid of 
that which is high, or distinctive, or 
difficidt. Keep us from false pride in 
past achievements and from self -satis- 
faction and complacency in present 
responsibilities. Grant that we may 
continue to be dissatisfied with every- 

thing that is taivdry or shoddy, with 
premature arrangements and com- 
promises that reduce tensions but result 
in mediocrity. 

Help us to live a contemporary life, 
willing to face new issues and to discover 
new truth, holdingfast to that which is 
good out of the past, and faithfully 
conserving and interpreting to young 
people timeless truth and values. Grant 
that we may place our obligation to 
Thee above every other allegiance, no 
matter whether this appears to be 
popular or unpopular May it please 
Thee, Our Father, to sustain and 
strengthen our intellectual and spiritual 
life so that our witness to the truth may 
be clear and strong. 


"Excellence has always 

been a byword in his 

approach to those 

institutions which have 

had his interest , , . 

Our debt to 

Qeorge Woodruff is so 

great that it can only 

be acknowle^edf 

never repaid,^* 


George Waldo 
Woodruff may be 
remembered longer 
tor his stunning 
generosity and 
vision than tor his 
immense wealth. With tortunes built 
from The Coca-Cola Company's 100 
years of success, "Mr. George" and 
his older brother Robert gave un- 
precedented millions as well as 
valuable leadership to education, the 
arts, medicine and social organiza- 
tions in the city of Atlanta and the 
state of Georgia. 

Agnes Scott was no exception. For 
more than 31 years, George Woodruff 
served as an Agnes Scott trustee. 
At her death in 1982 , Irene Tift King 
Woodruff left $1 million to the 
College. President Schmidt sought 
George Woodruffs permission to use 
the gift's interest income for financial 
aid for Return to College students. 
This enabled the College to publicize 
the availability of aid for RTCs and 
Mrs. Woodruffs bequest. 

Their family ties to the College 
included Mr. George's aunt, Frances 
Winship Walters 'IN, and Irene 
Woodruffs mother, Clara Belle 
Rushton King 'IN. 

After Woodruff s death on Feb. 4, 
1987, at the age of 91, Roberto C. 
Goizueta, chairman and CEO of 
Coca-Cola observed that, "His gifts 
of time and money have left a lasting 
mark on higher education in Atlanta 
and the Southeast. He will be greatly 

Although Woodruffs support 
permeated Atlanta institutions, his 
influence and that of his brother were 
often hard to pinpoint, especially in 
earlier years. They refused to allow 
their gifts to be publicized or acknowl- 
edged, but their name nevertheless 
became synonymous with large gifts 
from "an anonymous donor." In 
1984, Forbes Magazine estimated 
George Woodruffs wealth at $200 

Mr. George's mark on Agnes 
Scott's physical campus is evident: 
Winship and Walters residence halls. 

major laboratory equipment for 
Campbell Science Hall, a renm-ated 
library and air-conditioned buildings 
can be linked to his generosity. An 
acti\'e and \'ocal trustee, he served 
as vice chair from 195 5- 1961 and on 
the investment committee for many 
years. Before his death. Woodruff 
had agreed to be honorary chair of 
the College's centennial campaign. 
His longtime secretary Vela Rocker 
remembered, "He worked as hard tor 
these various schools as he ever did 
in his business life." 

Secretary to the Board of Trustees 
Bertie Bond remembered Mr. 
George's personal friends from all 
walks of lite and his work on the 
board. "President Alston counted on 
his judgment and his wisdom. Mr. 
Woodruff was consulted on many 
other matters, not just financial 

Trustee Suzella Burns Newsome 
'57 recalled his humor. "He was 
unbelievably spiff\- and alert. He was 
just so jovial, quite an amazing 
person. He would often joke at the 
treatment he got and the fuss that was 
all around him when he appeared." 

The College's former vice presi- 
dent for development, Paul M. 
McCain, remembered Woodruffs 
retirement from the board in 1974. 
"The Student Government Associa- 
tion had a special dinner tor him. 
The students invited him and Mrs. 
Woodruff to be their guests for a 
formal dinner and they had a delight- 
ful time. Usually students don't get 
to know a trustee as well as they 
might. I know Mr. Woodruff told 
some stories that were more appropri- 
ate for a men's club than an Agnes 
Scott group. But one of the girls 
came up to him afterward and said, 
'You know, that stor^- that you told is 
one of my father's favorites.' The 
students liked it so well that they 
began having other dinners to honor 

AsC. Benton Kline, former dean 
of the faculty at Agnes Scott, said, 
"[George Woodruff] stood for the 
right things in academic life. And 
that wasn't his principal point of 


The 19-year-old Tech 

stiident had an interest in 

anything mechanical. 

interest or expertise. But he always 
voted for the right thing for the 

Specifically, Kline recalled a 1956 
conflict over a commencement ad- 
dress to be given by theologian Nels 
Ferre. Some people close to the 
College protested that Ferre, a 
professor of philosophical theology at 
Vanderbilt, held beliefs that were 
theologically unsound. 

Opposition came from some mem- 
bers of the board and some local 
Presbyterians, said Kline. Did the 
College have the right to invite 
speakers whose beliefs dissent from 
those of its leadership? 

The board, with Woodruff as 
acting chairman, stated, "We believe 
such a policy of academic freedom is 
consistent with the position of Agnes 
Scott as a Christian college and 
essential to the adequate liberal arts 
training of our students. We reaffirm 
our opposition to the view that 
students, in their Christian academic 
training, must be protected from 
reading or hearing points of view not 
in accord with the particular theolog- 
ical position of members of the Board 
and Administration and of the 
[Presbyterian] church [with] which 
Agnes Scott College has long 

"In this crisis, the board moved 
ahead instead of retreating," said 
Kline. "That was attributed as much 
to Dr. Alston, as [it was] to the 
board. But it was people like Mr. 
Woodruff, Mr. Gaines and Hal 
Smith who were willing to go ahead 
and buck the crowd for what they 
thought was right." 

Born Aug. 27, 1895, George 
Woodruff was the third of Emily and 
Ernest Woodruff's four children. He 
grew up in Atlanta and attended 
public schools, graduating from Tech 
High School. With an interest in 
anything mechanical, especially new 
inventions like the automobile and 
motorcycle, George went on to 
attend Georgia Tech and Mas- 
sachusetts Institute of Technology. 
But World War I interrupted his 
studies and he never returned. Dur- 

ing the war he did manual labor and 
drafting in civilian services in Savan- 
nah. Later, on his motorcycle and 
sidecar, he ferried medical supplies 
and doctors around Emory's campus 
and back and forth from Fort 

In 1919, Ernest Woodruff was 
president of Trust Company Bank 
and led a consortium to purchase the 
Coca-Cola Co. Afterwards George 
worked for several years in jobs 
related to Coke interests or other 
companies his father ran. After 
working from 1920-1926 as local 
sales manager for White Motor Co. , 
he moved to Birmingham in 1926 to 
join Continental Gin. In 1930 he 
became its president, by 1934 he was 
chairman of the board. Cotton was 
still king in the South, and Conti- 
nental Gin was more powerful than 
Coca-Cola at that time. He joined 
the Coca-Cola board of directors in 

For a man born to wealth. Wood- 
ruff had a reputation for thriftiness. 
He would often leave his office in the 
Trust Company Building to lunch in 
the employee dining room. Each 
time, he used his ID card to get his 
40 percent employee discount. 

A lifelong Georgia Tech football 
fan, he held a block of season tickets 
that he shared with friends and 
associates. He went to home games, 
even through last fall, when he 
brought his nurse and had to move 
to a box seat. 

Woodruff was also an avid golfer, 
belonging to clubs in Atlanta, Au- 
gusta and Highlands, N.C. Ben 
Gilmer remembers that Woodruff 
always played to win, and was usually 
willing to have a small wager on the 

He delighted in his family, and 
remained close to brother Robert, his 
neighbor on Tuxedo Road. They 
shared breakfast together often, 
friends noted. Another friend remem- 
bered George one Christmas playing 
hide-and-seek with his grandsons 
and their new walkie-talkies. 

And in 1985, when five educa- 
tional institutions threw him a 90th 

116 SPRING 1987 

Qeorge Woodruff sits on the bed in which he was horn, and later slept infer much of his life. 

"He Stood for the 

right things in 

academic life. 

And that wasn^t 

his principal point of 

interest or expertise. 

But he always voted 

for the right 
thing for the College," 


Hosts figured out a perfect 

solution to the old Coke, new 

Coke dilemma for Mr. Woodruff 

at his 90th birthday party. 

birthday luncheon in the Emory PE 
Center named for him, a Ramblin' 
Wreck deHvered him to the door. 
Gag gifts could not be resisted. At 
the height of the old Coke-new Coke 
furor, students presented him a Coke 
hat with a can of each and two very 
long straws — so he wouldn't have to 

President Ruth Schmidt led off 
the congratulations from hosts Agnes 
Scott, Emory, Georgia Tech, Mercer 
and Westminster Schools. "1 did not 
have an opportunity to know you, 
Mr. Woodruff, when you were active 
on our hoard, but 1 am grateful that 
I do have the privilege of knowing 
you now as a caring and charming 
person, who has never lost interest 
in Agnes Scott — always inquiring 
about enrollment, attending meet- 
ings of the investment committee, 
and most recently, visiting campus 
to inspect the renovation projects 
well underway for our centennial in 

Boisfeuillet Jones, Robert W. 
Woodruff Foundation president, 
believes few individuals will ever 
match the impact of the Woodruff 
brothers on Atlanta. Unlike other 
major national philanthropists, the 
Woodruffs concentrated their gifts 
on institutions and organizations in 
Atlanta and Georgia. "There will be 
other people who do things and who 
have results in Atlanta," he said. 
"But it's getting too big and too 
diverse to think in terms of individu- 
als having the same kind of impact. " 

In future years, visitors to Atlanta 
may feel that the Woodruff name is 
second only to Peachtree in its 
frequency on the city's landscape. 
Buildings in honor of Irene and 
George Woodruff include Emory's 
graduate residence hall, physical 
education center and a wing of the 
Egleston Hospital for Children. 
Georgia Tech has honored him with 
a residence hall and school of 
mechanical engineering, and Mercer 
University has a Woodruff House. 

Agnes Scott will soon dedicate the 
Irene and George Woodruff Quad- 
rangle in the center of campus. 

In his busy lifetime, Woodruff held 
directorships in Atlantic Steel Co. , 
several Coca-Cola subsidiaries. Trust 
Company of Georgia, and West 
Point Pepperell Inc. In addition to 
Agnes Scott, he served as a trustee 
to Emory University, The Georgia 
Tech Foundation, the Atlanta Met- 
ropolitan YMCA, Walter F. George 
School of Law, Mercer University, 
Rabun Gap Nacoochee School, West 
Point Pepperell Foundation, the 
F.D.R. Warm Springs Memorial 
Commission, and the Emily and 
Ernest Woodruff Foundation (set up 
to distribute their assets after their 

Perhaps the best testament to 
Woodruffs enduring worth is con- 
tained in the words of a toast in his 
honor. Its author has been forgotten, 
but the sentiment still rings true: 
"Excellence has always been a byword 
in his approach to those institutions 
which have had his interest. His 
outlook has also consistently been 
wise, positive, and constructive. In 
a word, our debt to George Woodruff 
is so great that it can only be acknowl- 
edged, never repaid. "0 

Kay Parkerson O'Briant, a freelance 
vuriter living in Atlanta, graduated from 
Agnes Scott in 1974. 

Irene King Woodruff 

118 SPRING 1987 

At 90, Qeorge Woodruff stands 

before aportrcdt of himself as a 

S-yeaT'old, part of an exhibit for 

his birthday gala in 1985. 




child is born deaf, or 
blind, or mentally retarded. The bewildered, grieving family be- 
gins telephoning the world of experts, a state agency or local 
university. They ask: Wliat does the future hold? How can we 
manage daily life with this child? Frequently, the caller is referred 
to one of the nation's foremost centers for research and education 
of special needs children: the Experimental Education Unit of the 
Child Development and ^^I^HB^BJ Mental Retardation Cen- 
ter at the University of ^w^^^'^^K Washington in Seattle, 
and its central figure, ^p, » A^^^l Dr- Rebecca Eewell '58. 


■ 20 SPRING 1987 

Dr. Rebecca Fewell '58 does groundbreaking work with special-needs children 
at the University ofWashington in Seattle. 


er office is hidden 
behind massive 
pink concrete 
blocks in the uni- 
versity's hospital 
and health science 
complex. By con- 
trast the Experi- 
mental Education Unit's low-slung 
buildings suggest a pre-school more 
than a medical research facility. The 
Pacific Northwest asserts itself here — 
Douglas firs, rhododendrons, a bevy 
of wild Canadian geese on the lawn. 
Behind, sailboats pass along the 
Montlake Cut waterway connecting 
Puget Sound and private docks on 
Lake Washington. Out front, a 
school bus unloads a troop of noisy 
preschoolers, many with the distinc- 
tive bone structure of Down syndrome. 

Inside, the really pleasant areas 
are for children — the courtyard play 
area and the cheerful classrooms. Dr. 
Fewell and her secretary work out of 
two cluttered, windowless cubicles 
off a linoleum and brick-lined cor- 
ridor. They are unimposing accom- 
modations for the professor of educa- 
tion recruited by the University of 
Washington in 1979 to direct the 
projects of its internationally recog- 
nized facility. Then she was chair of 
the department of special education 
at George Peabody University in 
Nashville, Tenn. She had a well- 
established reputation for her pioneer- 
ing work with deaf and blind children. 
Now the principal investigator on 
a dozen grants, Dr. Fewell solicits 
and manages more than $1 million 
a year in federal and private research 
funds. Fewell also directs the work of 
15 to 18 graduate students. She leads 
a hectic life scheduled with national 
and international conferences and 

Teachers tisiudly succeed using a playful, relaxed approach much like 
FewelVs interaction here with KristofferVierra. 

an impressive array of publications to 
her credit. Between travels she 
divides her time shepherding grant 
proposals through the funding pro- 
cess, consulting with her staftw'riters 
and editors, and reviewing current 
programs with graduate student 
project managers. Still, she will take 
a telephone call from a stricken 
family member — one who is deter- 
mined to reach her from Minneapolis 
or Beaufort, S.C. These contacts can 
develop into long-term friendships, 
celebrated by the smiles of parents 
and children in photographs on her 
bulletin board. 

Oft the telephone now and ready 
for her one o'clock appointment, she 
is gracious, welcoming. No skirted 
suit or white lab coat of the pow- 
erhouse academic here. Fewell wears 
a bright blue shirtwaist dress with a 
peach kerchief at her throat. She's 
petite, feminine, pretty — the 4th- 
grade teacher a child falls in love 
with, as they probably did in 
Nashville when she taught in public 
schools in the early '60s. 

Her roots are unmistakably south- 
ern, but she has no drawl. There's 
no time to speak slowly. Animated 
by her subject, Fewell describes her 
first encounters with disabled chil- 
dren at the Shriner's Hospital in 
Decatur, Ga. A sociology major at 
Agnes Scott then, she tackled one 
ot the community service projects 
encouraged by the College. As she 
read to children bound in wheel- 
chairs and braces, she realized how 
much they were like able-bodied 
children — how much they wanted to 
laugh and talk and he with people. 
That idea trailed her through her 
professional life as a criterion for 
judging behaviorist or humanist 
therapies. Regardless of the theoreti- 
cal model, she says, whatever invites 
the child into the human community 
is good. 

"I can teach a child to hold her 
own spoon," she explains, "using a 
behaviorist approach. I hold the 
spoon and give her 10 bites. I measure 
the help she needs each time, and 
gradually withdraw my support. 
Eventually, she can manage the 
spoon herself — which is good, be- 
cause it will make her more indepen- 
dent and seem more human to us. 

I22sp''i's w 

"1/ 1 leant to teach a child to communicate," says Rebecca Fewell, "I 
have to motivate her, I have to make her want to solve a problem. " 

"But if I want to teach that child 
to communicate, 1 have to motivate 
her, I have to make her want to solve 
a problem." Fewell turns around to 
take a tiny wind-up toy from her 
bookshelf. Describing a deaf and 
nearly blind child as an example, she 

"First, I'll show the child that 1 
enjoy the toy, myself. " She winds up 
the car and lets it rattle across the 
desk. "Then I'll leave it out and wait 
to see if she's interested. I'll wind it 
up again and let it go. Then she may 
play with it, but she can't get it to 
work. I show her a third time, and 
while she's watching I take the key 
and put it in my pocket. I may say 
'keeey, keeey,' to associate it with a 
sound, in case she has some hearing. 
But to get to that key and to play 
with the car, she has to go through 
me. She must communicate. That's 
what I want, human communication." 

Themes ot humanist versus be- 
haviorist theories pepper the discus- 
sion, suggesting a major dichotomy 
in the field. Fewell is the practical 
educator: do what works. But to 

know what works for a given child, 
she weighs all the variables and 
complexities that affect him or 
her — not only the severity of the 
child's handicap, but the strengths 
and expectations ot the family. 

"If the parents believe in very strict 
discipline and think the only way to 
teach a child is to put him in a chair, 
pull him up to the table, and drill 
him for 20 minutes, then I have to 
find a strategy that will lend itself to 
that," she explains. Usually parents 
learn as they go, especially when 
they observe a teacher's success using 
a playful, relaxed approach. How- 
ever, the child is in the family to 
stay, and Fewell believes the treat- 
ment program must build on their 
values or it will likely fail. 

Her research on family interac- 
tions contributes much knowledge to 
the field of special education. She 
introduced the family perspective 
into her work with deaf and blind 
children in the mid '60s and early 
'70s. An epidemic of rubella swept 
the country from 1963 to 1965, 
leaving behind an estimated 20,000 
deaf and blind children. The govern- 
ment established regional research 

centers tor the deaf and blind. One 
opened at Peabody College, where 
Fewell was finishing a master's degree 
in learning disabilities to return to 
the classroom as a special education 

"It was a case ot being in a certain 
place at a certain time," she says. 
"My work with learning disabilities 
did not give me an adequate back- 
ground working with children who 
were both deaf and blind. But at the 
time I was one ot the few there who 
was willing to try to work with these 
challenging children. So I began an 
evaluation and treatment center for 
these children and their families." 

The overwhelming nature 
of a deaf and blind 
child's disability may 
have prompted Fewell 
to reach out to all 
sources of family and 
community support. 
"We would have families 
come and spend at least a week with 
us, w^hile we assessed the child and 
developed a treatment program. 
Sometimes we'd get the parents away 
from the child for an evening and 
take them out on the town, to get 
to know them as people. 

"1 always tried to find out the 
family's real resources," Dr. Fewell 
explains. "Where does the mother 
turn tor help? Is it the maternal 
grandmother? Bring her in." Then 
when the time comes to do something 
difficult — say, take away the bottle 
from a child who should have been 
oft a bottle tour years ago — the 
important people around the parents 
will agree that they're doing the right 
thing, even through the child's 
screams and tantrums. 

The family, Fewell admits, is a 
network of complex relations that 
may itself pose problems, but it 


brings in a richness and strength, 
too. "Seldom do educators realize the 
impact ot belief systems in the birth 
of an impaired child," she observes. 
Even religious convictions that seem 
counterproductive at first ("God is 
punishing me") can work to the 
child's good. 

Fewell describes a fun- 
damentalist Christian 
family she once worked 
with who insisted their 
child's handicap was 
God's will. They re- 
sisted all suggestions for 
therapy, and after some 
frustration, Fewell tried a new mes- 
sage: God gave you this child because 
you would work harder than any 
other family to help her reach her 
full potential. "It worked!" she 
remembers. "That family still calls 
me . . . and 1 think it's because I did 
not deny their beliefs." 

Fewell's vision combines respect 
for people's richness and resilience 
with her awareness of technology's 
potential to solve problems on a mass 
scale. A current project uses comput- 
ers to design therapeutic and educa- 
tional programs for rural families or 
those in places without local 
facilities. "Right after a child is 
diagnosed, it's typical for the family 
to want to move to Seattle, to be in 
our program. That's generally not 
realistic." The parents' desperate 
need to connect can still be satisfied 
through the project's computerized 
treatment program. 


An avid cyclist, Rebecca Feti'eU sometimes logs up to 100 miles per day 
during summer outings ivith the Cascade Bicycling Cltih in Seattle. 

It works a little like a correspon- 
dence course. The child's physician 
or nurse practitioner evaluates her at 
home and sends the results to Seattle. 
The project staff enters data concern- 
ing the child's condition and the 
family's lifestyle and environment 
into the computer. The center uses 
the computer to create a therapy 
program focused on the details of 
daily life. 

For example, the child practices 
large motor skills exercises at 
bathtime or language skills on a trip 
to the grocery store. When a parent 
gets confused or frustrated, help is a 
telephone call away. 

"Right now we have 60 children 
in the project, but with enough staff 
and equipment we could stay in 
touch with any number. It's a matter 
of sharing the rich resources of a 

university with those who feel they 
are really removed from it. I have 
families in the rural South who feel 
they have the greatest program in the 
world, and we've never seen their 
children!" Fewell smiles. "They feel 

Her own two children are grown. 
Her sons, ages 24 and 27, live and 
work in Nashville, Tenn. Now single, 
Fewell makes it East to a vacation 
home in Hilton Head, S.C., 
whenever she can. Despite logging 
up to 200,000 miles a year with 
work-related traveling, she doesn't 
stay sedentary at home either. For 
relaxation, she belongs to the Cas- 
cade Bicycling Club in Seattle. She 
sometimes cycles more than 100 
miles on a balmy summer day. 

124 SPRING 1987 

An animated Fewell ivorks ivith student Akemi Ito. She hopes to delve 
into cross-cultural studies in special education in the future. 

[though she 
hves some 3,000 
miles from De- 
catur, Fewell 
finds that Agnes 
Scott is never 
tar from her. 
About a year 
ago, a man called from South 
Carolina and demanded to speak 
with no one but her. "I have a 
problem," he told her. "My grandson 
has been born in Italy and has Down 
syndrome. My daughter doesn't 
know what to do — they have some 
resources there, but not enough. 
She's 34 years old and has a Ph.D., 
so I know she'll be able to carry out 
anything you recommend. Shall we 
bring him to the States and have you 
take a look at him?" 

The doctor consented and the 
family stayed with her while the 
child was evaluated. The baby's 

mother happened to see an Agnes 
Scott Magazine in Fewell's home. 
She told the doctor that her mother, 
Mary Elizabeth Ward Danielson, 
graduated from the College in 1943. 
Dr. Fewell has since talked with the 
baby's grandmother by telephone 
and hopes to visit when she returns 
to South Carolina. 

In the future, Fewell would like to 
delve into cross-cultural studies in 
special education, particularly with 
Japan. In some Asian societies, she 
notes, the birth ot a handicapped 
child is a major family disgrace. 
Instead of seeking support in strong 
family ties, parents may choose to 
suppress the bad news and stay 
isolated, with dire consequences to 
the child's development. 

Cross-cultural studies are not the 
only thing on Fewell's mind. Her 
success with grants has her curious 
to be on the other side of the fence, 
perhaps as a policymaker. "I'd like to 
see more flexibility in the range ot 
treatment available to families," she 
notes. Working as part ot a policy 
group would present new oppor- 
tunities to put ideas into action, 
especially at the federal level. "That's 
where they make the decisions regard- 
mg who will be served and hov\'." 
Fewell believes that the public com- 
mitment to special education will 
continue, despite massive federal 
budget deficits. "The challenge is to 
make it all come together in a crea- 
ti\'e, exciting way," she says. 

On the way out ot the Experimen- 
tal Educational Unit, an example ot 
such creativity exists. In the middle 
of one of the corridors, carved into 
the red brick wall at eye-level is a 
flock of bas-reliet birds taking off up 
to the ceiling. It's a surge of effort, 
aspiration, and beauty, superimposed 
over the hard reality of brick. Within 
these walls lies faith in human 
possibility, even tor those denied the 
tull range of human gifts. 

Katherine Ruseth ivorks as a public 
information officer at the University of 
Washington in Seattle. 


His quiet, strong voice could 
belong to a doctor soothing 
a patient, calming a child, 
gaining the trust of a 
family. Beneath his slightly gray 
hair, his heavy brows and wire- 
rimmed glasses couch dark brown 
eyes which steadily survey his 
students. Mack Peel's voice and 
manner create a deceptive stillness 
in his mid-morning seminar on 
peacemaking. He and his half-dozen 
students probe for understanding of 
the history of the church and war: 
the Crusades, the Holocaust, and 

They dig deeply into the expected 
fare — basic readings in an anthology 
by the Cambridge Women's Peace 
Collective, the Mennonite State- 
ments on Peace 1915-1966, Roland 
Sainton's Christian Attitudes Toward 
War and Peace, the Presbyterian 
Peacemaking: The Believer's Calling, 
as well as the Catholic Bishops' 
famous pastoral letter of 1983. 

But there the safe distance ends. 
Slides and films propel the students 
and their teacher into the war 
experience: "Causes and Effects of 
the First World War," Hitler's 
"Trmmph of Will," film clips of 
Hiroshima and Nagasaki ruins, 
"Faces of War" in Nicaragua and El 

They study the church as villain, 
victor, victim; and scrutinize 
attempts to bring peace by proclama- 
tion, protest, pacifism. The students' 
final exam will he the same as for all 
of us — to wrestle with history and 
belief, and to make a choice. 

For Malcolm L. Peel this is no 
academic exercise. He has designed 
the course to be more than just study 
for students. "I want them to 
understand what was at stake in the 
1940s as they consider the church's 
response to the war," he says. "The 
way to expand my horizons and to 
challenge things which are un- 
examined in my own life is to teach 
a course about them, to be 'a 
co-learner' with my students." 

New to Agnes Scott last fall, Dr. 
Peel came as the first full-time 

By Lynn Donham 



"Dag Hammerskjcild, 

who was for years the Secretary 


of the United Nations, 

wrote in his diary: 

People who are worried about 

the world issues, 

about the global problems, 

very easily forget 

the smaller issues. 

If you are not willing to be good 

in the smaller circle 

of your family and friends, 

you cant do anything 

for humanity as such. 

Without that intimacy, 

you live in a world of abstractions, 

in which your solipsism, 

your hunger for power, 

your destructive tendencies, 

maim their only more powerful 



It is better to be good 

with all one's heart 

to one person 

than to sacrifice 


tor the whole of humanity . . . ." 

Tcikcn/n^))! Jesus, Hope Drawing 

Near by Joseph G. Donders, 

published by Orbis. 

Wallace M. Alston Professor of Bible 
and Religion and chair of the 
Department of Bible and Religion. 
He brings 20 years of teaching 
experience, respected expertise in a 
range ot biblical studies, and strong 
student and peer evaluations. 
Formerly chair of the Department of 
Philosophy and Religion at Coe 
College in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Peel 
was named most outstanding teacher 
there. Once, on a two-year leave 
from Coe, he raised $2 million in 
endowment to support faculty 
research at the Herbert Hoover 
Presidential Library in West Branch, 

An ordained Presbyterian minis- 
ter, his thorough, creative approach 
to teaching twice has earned him 
recognition from the Outstanding 
Americans Foundation as Outstand- 
ing Educator in America. In his last 
three years at Coe, Peel taught 14 
different courses, including eight 
new ones. Grants and fellowships 
from the Guggenheim, Fulbright, 
Mellon and Lilly foundations have 
enabled Peel to publish 4 mono- 
graphs, 13 articles, 4 translations, 30 
book reviews and to create a 
pioneering closed-circuit television 
series on the New Testament for the 
Presbyterian Church, U.S.A. 

The third ot three sons born to Frank 
and Ella Peel in Jetfersonville, Ind. , 
Peel was 4 years old when World War 
11 untolded. "1 became closely 
identified with my father's career and 
the military purposes of the U.S. My 
mother used to dress me in a 
junior-sized Army uniform, and I 
sang songs on behalf of war bonds 
sales," he remembers. Like most boys 
of the '40s, he played games to kill 
"Krauts" and "Japs." His father 
completed a 33-year career as a 
colonel in the Army Quartermaster 
Corps — serving through two world 
wars and in the Civilian Conserva- 
tion Corps. 

But World War II was not fun and 
games. While helping to cut a new 
supply route through the Indian 
jungles after the Japanese had 

126 SPRING 1987 

captured the Burma Road, Frank 
Peel contracted an unknown tropical 
disease that shadowed the rest ot his 
life with suffering. 

"That suffering had something to 
do with my interest in religion," says 
his son. "How could God allow the 
righteous to suffer?" While Peel's two 
older brothers opted tor Air Force or 
Army careers, he entered Indiana 
University, and then Louisville 
Presbyterian Seminary. 

'As a youth I had a rather decisive 
experience, and I felt 1 had a very 

He spent Saturdays at Hanover 
College's library to prepare the 
Sunday sermon. He met Ruth Ann 
there one Saturday, and had "a 
memorable conversation." Although 
he was then dating someone else, he 
came back the next tall to find Ruth 
Ann atter the other relationship had 

"She began going with me on 
some Sunday outings to serve the 
Smyrna Monroe Church," remem- 
bers the professor. "1 thought any 
woman who could put up with me 

haw a great lo\c tor the church." 

As a teacher, Peel says he believes 
that "the unexamined faith is not 
worth holding." As a scholar, he 
labors in his home study under a wall 
banner, "For God, for country, and 
for Yale." 

A graduate institute in Judaism 
exposed Peel to writings ot Jewish 
philosopher Martin Buber, who 
would shape and inspire his lite. 
Beginning with / and Thou, the 
book that established Buber as an 
eminent dialogical philosopher, Peel 

Malcolm, Ruth Ann and Nicole Peel share a ranch home near Decatur. Son Drew is away at college. 

clear call to the Christian ministry. 
That was like a beacon that guided 
me through all my undergraduate 
years and even on through seminary. 

"I still generally endorsed the 
military effort and trusted in my 
government to know what was 
right." In seminary, he considered 
military chaplaincy, but when he 
finished there, a fellowship made 
graduate studies at Yale possible. 

While at Louisville, he also met 
his wife, Ruth Ann Nash of 
Cincinnati, Ohio. They first saw 
each other in Hanover, Ind. , where 
he traveled each weekend to work as 
a student pastor in a small church. 

through a sermon, dinner with a 
farm tamily, visiting all afternoon, 
youth work in the evening, and still 
love me, must be the right woman!" 
They married when he graduated 
from seminary in 1960, and moved 
to Yale where he earned his Ph. D. in 
biblical theology and New Testa- 

Although Peel started his docto- 
rate intending to preach and min- 
ister, he realized over the next six 
years that his education might be 
best used in the classroom. "But I 
have never indulged in the luxury of 
the ivory tower as the bastion from 
which I can throw bricks at the 
institutional church," he stresses. "I 

read all ot Buber's works he could 

Buber saw life lived in terms of 
relationships. "He said the most 
important things occur in the 
context ot relationships, which 
develop on three levels. The first 
level is between individuals and 
nature, the second between indi- 
viduals and the spiritual — as one 
might tind the spiritual in the work 
of a painter, musician or poet. The 
third and highest form of relation- 
ship occurs between human beings, 
and Peel credits Buber for teaching 
him "the importance of affirming 
each person, as well as the spon- 
taneity ot genuine relationships." 


"We all live most ot the time 
relating to other human beings as 
objects, simply in order to get things 
done," Peel admits. "But if our 
relationships occur only on that 
level, we never become fully human." 

In contrast to Buber, Peel found 
Ludwig Feuerbach's The Essence of 
Christianity another key influence. 
"It may sound strange to express 
appreciation tor the great-granddaddy 
of atheists of the Western World , " he 
says with a smile, "but he made me 
think through my beliefs and better 
understand why I held them." 

Clearly, Peel hopes to influence 
his students the same way. "I want 
to give my students the tools to study 
and understand religion and the 
Bible. Most of them have been 
brought up in the faith community 
of their parents, and they have not 
had the chance to step back and 
examine these views in light of 
literary or historical criticism, the 
truth claims of other religions, or the 
questions of the nonreligious. 
Academic study offers this, and it can 
strengthen faith." 

Among Peel's tools: dialogic 
questioning, reading a variety of 
scholars' works and using the 
methods of literary criticism, 
commentaries, concordances, atlases 
and archaeological works. Sometimes 
he refers students to ancient, 
nonbiblical texts, to show them the 
historical settings in which the 
Scriptures arose. 

"This approach builds the 
student's confidence in her capacity 
to interpret and understand religious 
texts and questions," Peel believes. 
Students want to know the Bible's 
nature, he says, how it can be 
authoritative for faith and life, and 
how to read it intelligently and 
responsibly. "But the existential 
questions of faith keep popping up," 
he adds, "and they are not to be 

Peel points to the Gospels as an 
example. "There are multiple 
portraits of Jesus which reflect the 
theological views of each of the 
gospel writers and the communities 

On 1 and Thou: 

Between you and it there 

is mutual giving: you say 

Thou to it and give yourself 

to it, it says Thou to you 

and gives itself to you. 

You cannot make yourself 

understood with others 

concerning it, you are alone 

with it. But it teaches you 

to meet others, and to hold 

your ground when you meet them. 

Through the graciousness of 

its comings and the solemn 

sadness of its goings it leads 

you away to the Thou in which 

the parallel lines of 

relations meet. It does not 

help to sustain you 

in life, it only helps you 

to glimpse eternity. 

Martin Buber 

Here the Thou appeared to 

the man out of the darkness 

and he responded with 

his life. Here the word 

has from time to time 

become life, and this life 

is teaching. This life may 

have fulfilled the law or 

broken it; both are 

continually necessary, that the 

spirit may not die on earth. 

This life is presented, then, 

to those who come later, to 

teach them not what is 

and what must be, but how life is 

lived in the spirit, 

face to face with the Thou. 

Martm Buber 

in which they wrote. One cannot say 
they contain absolutely no history 
and all theologizing. But, on the 
other hand, we must be aware that 
the gospels are not biographies, or a 
neutral type of literature." 

Computer programs now can help 
students see similarities and differ- 
ences in the gospels. "Not only can 
you make vivid the literary relation- 
ships and dependency of Matthew 
and Luke on Mark, hut the student 
also can develop a feel for redaction, 
or editorial analysis," he explains 
with enthusiasm. "Those gospel 
writers who used parts of Mark had 
certain theological interests. By 
looking at what they added or 
omitted from the Marcan material, 
students gain insight into the gospel 
writers' key concerns and emphases." 

Computers are also helping Peel 
and textual scholars to reconstruct 
manuscripts from fragments of 
ancient books. For some years Peel 
has worked on manuscripts found in 
Upper Egypt written in Coptic, a 
language created by second-century 
Christian missionaries to translate 
the Bible into the vernacular of Nile 
Valley peasants. "Either due to the 
work of hungry worms or mishand- 
ling by people who did not appreciate 
the fragility of the ancient manu- 
scripts, the beginning of many lines 
of text were lost," he says. Often, 
only the last two or three letters of 
some words remained. Peel and other 
researchers entered all Coptic word 
stocks into computer storage. Then 
they programmed an IBM 1130 
computer to flip all the words, 
alphabetizing them from the last 
letter backwards, and then to flip 
them back again. The result: a 
reverse index of the Coptic language. 
The index, and the context of the 
fragment, enable the researcher to 
make a much more intelligent 
decision about reconstructing the 
original text. 

"We also made pioneering efforts 
to found a national center in Iowa 
for research in biblical and related 
ancient literatures," he explains. 
"We started entering Greek and 

128 SPRING 1987 

Hebrew texts trom ancient manu- 
scripts into computer language and 
then into the computer itself. Once 
we accumulated a number ot texts, 
we could begin to reconstruct, as 
textual critics do, the most [probable] 
original form of the text." Textual 
criticism has produced a Bible that 
is 98 percent like the original texts 
lost or destroyed in the first century. 

taught that the creator god "was 
'mistaken and ignorant,' " explains 
Peel. They believed that the highest 
and true god was a perfect being who 
remained removed from the world 
and totally unknown until revealed. 
But the Christians affirmed one 
God, the creator, as the father of 
Jesus, a good and wise God. 
The Gnostics also taught that 

ot Sylvanus," a 35-page piece of 
"wisdom literature" trom the late 
second to early third century. 

Peel says coming to Agnes Scott 
brings a new challenge: to become 
more familiar with perspecti\'es 
offered by feminist theologians. "It's 
balancing our understanding of 
religion and religious concerns, and 
sharpenmg issues ot justice and 
fairness," he explains. His new 
reading includes pieces by Letty 
Russell from ^^le, Phyllis Trible of 
Union Theological Seminary- in N. Y. , 
and Ehzabeth Schiissler Fiorenza. "In 
addition, my new colleague Beth 
Mackie ('69) and 1 are making some 
changes in the curriculum to present 
a full, well-balanced set ot courses tor 
the study ot religion. So far, results 
have been good. We added six new 
Bible and Religion majors this year." 
Some of the changes also reflect 
Peel's new interests in studies of 
ancient Egypt and of Islamic taith 

A serious academician, who can 
he quite a comedian at home. 

"The process has taken the lifetimes 
of innumerable people," he points 
out. "But a computer can compare 
dozens of manuscripts in an instant, 
and we are revolutionizing textual 
criticism." The project was later 
moved from Coe to Harvard 
University and expanded. 

Most of Peel's scholarly reputation 
has been earned for translation and 
commentary on Coptic manuscripts 
of the Nag Hammadi Library, one of 
which someone smuggled out of 
Egypt years ago under the false 
bottom of a suitcase. Working 
directly from the ancient papyrus, 
Peel made the first English transla- 
tion of "The Treatise of the Resurrec- 
tion." Such texts reflect first-hand 
the debates with the early Church's 
major opponent, the Gnostics. 

The Apostles' Creed and other key 
statements of the early Christian 
Church grew in part from conflicts 
with Gnostic opponents, who 
believed in two gods. The Gnostics 

From Buber he learned "the importance of affirming each person. 

Jesus had been merely a spiritual 
being whose spirit hovered over the 
crucifixion, laughing at the Romans 
as they nailed his abandoned body 
to the cross. The early Church 
testified that Jesus had been born, 
had suffered, and truly had died. The 
manuscripts show the debates and 
resolutions. Peel's latest book, nearly 
complete, deals with the "Teachings 

and tradition. 

As the writings and thought of 
other scholars have influenced him, 
he hopes his own work will be used 
by future generations. "I'm very 
hopeful that I've made lasting 
contributions to human knowledge, 
and I hope I shall add strength and 
quality to the institutions I've 


served. 1 hope that my Ufa will add 
to the glory of the God who gave me 
birth and sustains my life." 

On campus, Mack Peel dresses 
neatly and conservatively in a 
pressed shirt and tie, sweater or 
jacket. At home on Norman Drive 
in suburban Stone Mountain, Ga. , 
he relaxes in a rambling ranch home 
he shares with Ruth Ann, and their 
two children. Ruth Ann, who holds 
degrees from Hanover College, 
Southern Connecticut State College 
and the University of Iowa, works in 
special education. Daughter Noel 
attends Georgia State University 
now, but will return to Coe College 
next year as a senior. Their son 
Drew, a sophomore at Davidson 
College, will spend his junior year 
in Scotland. 

They enjoy their children — affec- 
tionate teasing and warm bantering 
sparkle through their conversation 
on this Sunday afternoon. Peel, who 
seems rational, methodical, even 
tenacious in academic committees 
and the classroom, enjoys a reputa- 
tion as somewhat of a ham and 
comedian among friends. With 
enough cajoling from Ruth Ann and 
Noel, his easy smile breaks into 

His wife and daughter delight in 
recounting his antics in the annual 
parish version of "The Gong Show," 
for which he served as "Master of 

Peel explained, "1 would line up 
all these talentless people to do 
variety acts at the church. As master 
of mayhem, I had quite an array of 
costumes I would wear. Everything 
from a Mexican bullfighter's outfit 
with the brocade and tight pants, to 
a South Sea Islander's outfit, to a 
doctor's uniform." 

But his family also has their store 
of surprises. For his 40th birthday 
party, they threw a party for him on 
his return from a fishing trip in 
Canada. Small plastic night crawlers 
gleamed through the ice in the 
punch, crowned with a fishing cap. 

Fishing has long been a passion 
ot Peel, who takes seriously the line 

from the Koran: Every hour spent in 
fishing Allah does not deduct from 
those allotted for a human lifetime. 

But one fishing trip was less than 
blessed. The week after he was 
ordained in a small church in 
Jeffersonville, Ind., some of the 
elders invited him to fish in a private 
lake nearby. New to the area. Peel 
lacked a license and started to 
decline. His parishioners convinced 
him no license was needed, and he 
joined them on the trip. After a 
while, the local ranger drove up in 
his jeep, and demanded to see 
everyone's license. The local 
newspaper published the account of 
Peel's arrest within week ot his 

Peel grew up near the woods in a 
summer resort area in Indiana. An 

A scholar who learns with his students. 

Eagle Scout as a boy, he later led a 
scout troop when Drew was young. 
He got used to waking up with his 
tent around his head, after his scouts 
cut the ropes during the night. 

n the silent wait tor trout to 
strike on a balmy spring 
afternoon. Peel ponders ques- 
tions he finds still unanswered. 
Why do the innocent suffer? "My 
father went through hell tor the last 
10 years of his lite. They never found 
the cause. I can remember times 
when he cried in his bed like a child 
from the pain, a man 50 years old. 
As a boy, I didn't understand. I 
prayed that God would let me have 
his pain so that he could have relief. 
I've never stopped asking the 
meaning ot such agony." 

And why is there evil in human 
life, he wonders, when believers 
profess a good and loving God who 
is omnipotent? Though Peel feels 
satisfied with a partial understand- 
ing of moral evil — "the damage we 
do each other" — he says that natural 
evil still troubles him. 

"I guess I will also be puzzled until 
the time comes, about whether 
there is something beyond our lives 
now," he explains. "1 believe in the 
resurrection of jesus, and as a 
Christian 1 hope that I shall 
somehow be a part of that victory 
over death." But Peel says he stops 
short ot offering details with the 
convictiori oi the old Scottish 
general who is said to have been 
buried in his best uniform, seated 
upside down on his horse. "He was 
convinced at the final trumpet that 
§ the world would be turned upside 
Ig down, and he wanted to be ready to 
o ride!" laughs Peel. "Now we see in 
a mirror darkly, and we cannot 
penetrate it." 

Yet in the midst ot the darkness, 
he is tinding a toothold on some 
issues. For Peel, the Vietnam war 
raised questions about war and 
justice which have continued to 
simmer. "Given the complexity ot 
the issues, I do not see it as a sign 
of weakness to still be searching tor 
a satisfactory stance regarding war," 
he says earnestly. "The more 1 have 
read and thought about the nuclear 
holocaust scenario, the more I 
believe that we are looking at the 
religious and ethical issue of our 

He believes we can no longer 
think in terms of a "just war," 
because the use of nuclear weapons 
would be an immoral act he could 
not condone. "I am a tamed hawk, 
but I am not ready to be a complete 
pacifist. When there is no force or 
power to maintain order — civil 
order, international order — there is 

Yet he is very troubled by plans to 
use nuclear weapons to do that. 
"One can easily now lose control 
over that power. " 

130 SPRING 1987 


study links tuition 
increases to 
dwindling aid 

On Feb. 20 President Ruth 
Schmidt sent a letter to the 
classes of 1988-90 and their 
parents concerning tuition 
increases for the 1987-88 school 
year Comprehensive fees f)r the 
coming year will be $11, 750, or 
6. 5 percent more than last year, 
which compares favorably with 
other women's colleges. Bryn 
Mawr College in Pennsylvania 
costs $15,625 a year to attend, 
while Virginia's Randolph 
Macon Won\en's College costs 
$12,700. The following article 
is excerpted with permission 
from Higher Education & 
National Affairs, the newsletter 
of the American Council on 

Tuitions at independent 
colleges and universities are 
rising taster than inflation 
partly because ot the high cost 
of replacing declining federal 
grant aid, said the National 
Institute of Independent 
Colleges and Universities 
(NIICU) in a report released 
in February. NIICU is the 
research arm of the National 
Association of Independent 
Colleges and Universities. 

NIICU said the cost of 
providing education has 
increased because of the high 
cost of goods and services 
purchased by colleges, col- 
leges' efforts to increase the 
quality ot academic instruc- 
tion and student services, and 
the dramatic increase in 
student aid offered by indepen- 
dent colleges and universities 
to replace declining federal 

"Secretary [William] Ben- 
nett is wrong when he says 
that federal student aid allows 
colleges to raise tuition, " said 
a summary accompanying the 
report, "The Truth About 

Costs in the Independent 
Sector ot Higher Education." 
In, fact "tuitions increased 
slowly in the 1970s when 
federal aid rose quickly, and 
rose swiftly in the 1980s when 
federal aid was curtailed," the 
report said. "If there is any 
casual relationship between 
tuition increases and federal 
spending on student financial 
assistance, it is that tuitions 
ha\'e increased when the 
federal commitment to stu- 
dent aid has lagged behind 
inflation," NIICU said. 

"Independent colleges, 
along with students and their 
families, already are shoulder- 
ing the major responsibility 
for meeting college expenses, 
and would be hard-pressed to 
bear additional financial 
burdens," NIICU concluded. 
"Until the partners in funding 
higher education — the federal 
and state governments, corpo- 
rations, foundations, and 
alumni — assume a more 
balanced share of the neces- 
sary funding, tuitions will 
necessarily continue to 

Between 1981-82 and 
1985-86, the amount of 
money independent institu- 

tions spent on student finan- 
cial aid tripled, from $904 
million to almost $3 billion. 
The report attributes at least 
half of the increase to at- 
tempts to replace federal 
grants lost because ot budget 

In addition, the prices of 
goods and services purchased 
by colleges are rising taster 
than inflation, NIICU says. 
Independent colleges and 
universities also are ottering 
more quality than ever before, 
which is reflected in higher 
tuitions. Institutions have 
borne the costs ot advanced 
scientific equipment tor 
laboratories, computer sys- 
tems for classrooms and 
administrative services, and 
library holdings and informa- 
tion technology "to offer 
undergraduate, as well as 
graduate scholars the best 
chance to succeed," NIICU 
said in its report. 

Further, independent 
campuses depend more heav- 
ily on tuition than public 
schools do. "On average, 
tuitions account for 46 per- 
cent of the revenues available 
to independent colleges, and 
only 16 percent at public 

colleges," according to rhe 
report. "When costs go up at 
independent colleges, tuition 
is the major source ot revenue 
to meet increasing costs." 

One ot the primary ways 
independent institutions try 
to hold down tuition increases 
is by raising re\-enues from 
pri\-ate donors in the form ot 
gitts and endowment income. 
But although institutions try 
hard to increase revenues 
trom these sources, "most 
independent colleges have 
little or no endowments and 
spend all gifts they receive to 
meet current expenses," 
NIICU says. 

"Independent colleges and 
universities are facing in- 
tense competition from state- 
supported institutions as they 
attempt to increase private 
giving," says NIICU. "Less 
than 30 years ago, three 
quarters (73 percent) ot all 
corporate gitts to higher 
education were given to 
independent colleges and 
universities. By 1984-85, for 
the first time in American 
history, less than half ot all 
corporate giving" went to 
these campuses, the report 

Finally, the costs ot attend- 
ing independent institutions 
are borne primarily by stu- 
dents and their families, who 
together pay almost two-thirds 
of the price ot tuition. "Federal 
grants support 5 percent ot the 
total tuition paid by students 
in the independent sector, 
income trom College Wirk- 
Study jobs contributes 2 
percent, and federal student 
loans allow students to borrow 
12 percent of the tuition 
charges," according to 
NIICU. In addition, state 
student aid supports 5 percent 
of tuition at independent 
campuses, and institutional 
student aid covers 10 percent. 



Making decisions 
about morality 

Alumna Isabel W. Rogers 
'45X gave this year's Founder's 
Day lecture, "Making Deci- 
sions." Professor of Applied 
Christianity at the Presbyte- 
rian School of Christian 
Education in Richmond, Va. , 
Rogers addressed the ethical 
and sexual dilemmas facing 
young adults. How will the 
legacy of the "free love" '60s 
filter into a panic-ridden '80s, 
with society's fear of AIDS 
and other sexually-transmitted 

Dr. Rogers — or Izzie , as she 
prefers to be called, — proved 
to he a popular figure on 
campus. Her Founder's Day 
speech on Feb. 18 capped off 
three days of lectures and 
discussion on "Theology and 
Sexuality," "Militant Moral- 
ity," "Crisis in Sexuality — 
Ethical Issues" and other 

She noted that visiting 
Agnes Scott proved to be "a 
tremendously stimulating 
time for me as we've been 
dealing with some very tough 
moral issues." 

Rogers is no stranger to 


Isabel Rogers 

"The old rules just don't 
work anymore , " Rogers said. 
"The matters about which we 
have to decide are unpre- 

"Today's youth are the heirs 
of the freedom of the 1960s 
and they will not be forced 
into the rigidity of the 1950s. " 
She urged the College to 
strive for open dialogue on 
these dilemmas. "There is no 
better place that I can think 
of for discussion of these 
matters than a college cam- 
pus," she said. 

"Never that I know of has 
society been in greater need 
of moral discourse. It is our 
responsibility to make that 
possible — helping each other 
to make moral choices." 

those. Her involvement with 
the Presbyterian Church 
U.S.A. includes stints on the 
Task Force on Abortion, and 
the Task Force on Homosexu- 
ality, as well as the Council 
on Church and Society. She 
has been nominated as mod- 
erator for the denomination's 
1987 General Assembly. In 
1986 the Y WCA honored her 
as a fulltime volunteer with 
the Richmond Battered 
Women and Rape Victims 

Her three-day lecture series 
was sponsored by The Thomas 
F. Staley Foundation, a fund 
established to support pro- 
grams that examine aspects of 
society that test one's faith. 

To many, Erskine Love 
personified ttie 
American dream 

Agnes Scott Trustee J. Erskine 
Love Jr. died at his home in 
Atlanta on Feb. 21. He was 
58 years old. "Erskine Love's 
untimely death leaves a very 
large hole in the community, 
for he was a pillar of the 
church, a fund-raising volun- 
teer of extraordinary success, 
and an outstanding citizen 
and person in every area of his 
lite," said President Ruth 

A graduate of Georgia 
Tech, Love was president and 
owner of Printpack Inc., a 
company specializing in 
flexible packaging for food 

Said Agnes Scott Chair- 
man of the Board Larry 
Gellerstedt Jr. ot Love in 
1985, "He represents what 
America is all about. He 
started his company from 
scratch and built it personally. " 

Love graduated from Tech 
at age 20. Eight years later, in 
1957, he founded Printpack. 
"I borrowed everything I 
could borrow," he recalled in 
a 1985 article in Business 
Atlanta magazine, which 
named him Atlanta 100 
Entrepeneurof theYear. (The 
Atlanta 100 are the city's 
top-grossing, privately-held 
companies.) "I had an au- 
tomobile, insurance and some 
equity in my house and I 
hocked it all; I laid it all on 
the line." 

He managed to raise 
$100,000 from bank loans 
and family investments to 
start the business. With a 
handful of employees, he 
began producing cellophane 
bags in rented office space in 
Sandy Springs, Ga. In 1963 

J. Erskine Loi'e jr. 

Printpack built headquarters 
in southwest Atlanta that 
now include some 250,000 
square feet ot plant and office 
space. The company has eight 
manufacturing facilities, 16 
sales offices and about 1,200 
employees throughout the 

"Printpack is one of the 
leaders in the industry," said 
Edward Weary in Business 
Atlanta. Weary is director of 
technology and data for the 
Flexible Packaging Associa- 
tion, a trade organization 
based in Washington, D.C. 
"It's up to date in technology 
and forward-looking in its 
products." The company 
produces packaging for snack 
foods such as potato chips and 
candy, as well as cold-cuts, 
and hot dogs — just about any 
type of disposible packaging 
for food. Love once noted that 
the two-career household 
generated a boom in packaged 
foods since "convenience is 
[now] a necessity and a fact of 

He was known by business 
associates as a man who liked 
to remember each employee's 
name and who still made calls 
on major clients. As hard as 
he worked in business, Erskine 
Love was well-noted for his 
civic involvement, too. Said 
Wilton Looney, chairman 
and CEO of Genuine Parts 
Co. in 1985, "Erskine does 

1 32 SPRING 1987 


more than the a\'erage owner 
ot a business who would make 
token allowances tor civic 
work or simply have somehod\ 
else do it. [He] gets involved 
himself [and] doesn't see it as 
his duty. He enjoys it." 

Since 1977 Love had been 
a member ot the College's 
board ot trustees, serving on 
the investment, audit, de- 
velopment and nominations 
committees. He was chair ot 
the audit committee trom 
1982-1986. His stepmother, 
the late Marguerite Jones 
Lo\'e, was a member ot the 
class of 1934. In addition to 
Agnes Scott, he was director 
and past president ot the 
United Way, president ot the 
Atlanta Area Council, Boy 
Scouts ot America, and a 
trustee ot The Westminster 
Schools in Atlanta. He was in 
the midst ot chairing Georgia 
Tech's Centennial Campaign 
when he died. 

A member ot Trinity Presby- 
terian Church tor o\'er 30 
years, Love served in virtually 
every lay capacity there, 
according to Dr. Allison 
Williams, that church's pas- 
tor. He was also a member and 
tormer chairman of the board 
of Columbia Theological 
Seminary in Decatur. 

Generous with his time and 
commitments to these institu- 
tions, Love told Business 
Atlanta in 1985, "1 do what 1 
enjoy doing. Some people 
aren't motivated to get into 
that arena, and that's OK for 
them. But I'd like to feel at 
some point in time that I've 
done more than run a flexible 
packing business." 

He is survived by his wife. 
Gay McLawhorn Love, five 
sons, one daughter and three 

College bridges gap 
with dual-degree 
architecture program 

Otten liberal arts graduates 
pursuing professional studies 
find they have to take techni- 
cal courses to "catch up" with 
their degree programs. Terry 
McGehee, chair ot the art 
department, found St. Louis' 
Washington University's dual 
degree program in architec- 
ture a good solution. 

The so-called 3 + 4 pro- 
gram meshes three years of 
liberal arts with four years of 
architectural study, culminat- 
ing in a master's degree in 
architecture trom Washington 
LJniversity. The student 
spends three years at Agnes 
Scott, then "transfers" in her 
fourth year to Washington 
University to concentrate in 
architecture. What she takes 
during that year will contrib- 
ute toward her Agnes Scott 
degree, which she receives 
upon completion of her first 
year at the university. Assum- 
ing that her grades are in good 
standing and that she has 
fulfilled Washington's require- 
ments, she will be automati- 
cally admitted to the graduate 
program the following year, 
thus eliminating an additional 
year ot study. 

"We found that students 
with our degree had to do 
more preparatory work to get 
into schools of architecture. 
They needed specific architec- 
tural design work," says 

Architecture is a rigorous 
and competitive field, 
McGehee points out. She 
sees this program as an 
admissions tool that will 
"bridge the gap that exists 
between fine arts and a profes- 
sion. " Dean Ellen Wood Hall 
'67 agrees. "The more avenues 
of opportunities open for 
students, both in college and 

beyond, the better our 
chances are of recruiting 
students," she says. According 
to McGehee, only 2 or 3 
percent ot fine arts graduates 
in the country support them- 
selves by making and selling 
their art. The rest go into 
related fields or on to graduate 

Besides the curriculum 
requirements, applicants 
must submit a portfolio of 
slides, an essay describing 
their reasons for choosing the 
program and letters ot recom- 
mendation from Agnes Scott 
faculty. Elizabeth Pleasant '88 
has already applied to the 
program and is awaiting 

McGehee, who received a 
master's of fine arts trom 
Washington University, 
learned of the program 
through her alumnae 
magazine two years ago. She 
suggested it to the curriculum 
committee, which was then 
working on the new cur- 
riculum. The committee is so 
enthusiastic about dual degree 
programs that they are seeking 

other suitable ones, says Dean 

The College now maintains 
dual degree programs with 
Georgia Tech in engineering, 
information and computer 
science, industrial manage- 
ment, management science 
and biotechnology. These 
five-year programs award 
bachelor's degrees trom both 

What's more, says Dean 
Hall, dual degree students 
receive priority ox'er other 
applicants. "That's the beauty 
of a dual degree," she says. 

McGehee is exploring a 
dual master's program with 
Tech similar to the one at 
Washington University. Hall 
commends the art professor's 
initiative. "Professor 
McGehee knew that depart- 
ment chairs are supposed to 
be aware ot the quality ot 
graduate programs available 
to students," she says. "This 
helps Agnes Scott be part of 
the national perspective that 
we all consider to be so 




students raise banner 
of protest in Forsyth 

E\-en someone hibernating in 
a bear cave tor the winter has 
probably heard ot the brother- 
hood march in Forsyth 
County, Ga. on Jan. 24- 
News media from all over the 
country — and the world — 
swarmed into the small county 
north of metropolitan At- 
lanta, the site ot one ot the 
largest protest marches since 
the 1960s. 

More than 45 Agnes Scott 
students joined the march on 
a frigid Saturday morning. 
Charna HolUngsworth "87 
and Data Davis '88 organized 
the students, some of whom 
drove themselves or found 
alternate means of transporta- 

Tanya Savage '89, chosen 
to speak on the Forsyth 
County Courthouse steps, 
gave clear reasons tor going. 
"It's almost an obligation," 
she said. "Every generation 
has had to fight tor their 

freedom just so I could have 
mine. For me not to have gone 
would have been like saying 
to my children, 'You're not 
worth the effort.' 

The march responded to an 
earlier attempt by blacks and 
whites to "walk for brother- 
hood" in honor ot Martin 

"I don t think I'm 

naive enough to 

think it wiped 

out all their 

ugly thoughts, 

hut it gave 
them something 
to think about." 

— Qeraldine 

Luther King Jr. on Jan. 17. 
The 90-odd marchers, vio- 
lently harassed by 400 white 
counterdemonstrators were 
forced to disband. 

Black residents left Forsyth 
County in 1912 when white 
residents forced them out 

after the rape ot a white 
woman and the lynching ot 
her accused assailant. 

But on Jan. 24, more than 
20,000 marchers — a third of 
them white — gathered in 
Forsyth County. National and 
local political leaders came 
too, along with 2,000 Na- 
tional Guardsmen and 1,000 
state and local police. 

Carolyn McFarlin, secre- 
tary to the president, and 
Global Awareness Director 
John Studstill drove the 
College van with some stu- 
dents to the march. Both staff 
members had participated in 
civil rights demonstrations in 
the '60s. The overwhelming 
difference, noted McFarlin, 
was that the militia was 
protecting the demonstrators, 
rather than hurting them. 
She said they offered "a 
human wall of protection." 

Geraldine Crandall, an 
RTC student participating in 
her first civil rights march, 
said, "You have such mixed 
emotions about them. Here's 

this extremely powerful show 
of force, yet it's so sad that 
you have to call out 2,000 
National Guardsmen to 
protect tor people something 
that is their's in the first 

John Studstill believes the 
march should be placed in a 
broader perspective. "It's very 
important for people to put 
this into context and see this 
not as Forsyth County being 
any worse than anyplace else, 
but rather [to see] the sense of 
frustration on the part of 
blacks and other minorities 
who see very little actual 
progress. " 

Most of Agnes Scott's 
marchers found little to fear, 
e\'en those closest to the most 
hatetul epithets and jeering. 

Ultimately, most felt it a 
positive experience. Said 
Tanya Savage, "It was an 
experience every young person 
in America should have. It 
makes you see a community 
larger than yourself." 

Come join us for a great time during the weel< of June 14-19 at Alumnae College. 

Live in residence halls, attend 
classes, renew old friendships 
and make new ones in a 
stimulating learning environ- 
ment. Agnes Scott faculty 
will teach the classes. 
D Linda Lentz Hubert '62, 
associate professor of English, 
will teach "Three Georgia 
Writers: Carson McCuUers, 
Flannery O'Conner, Alice 

D Ronald Byrnside, Charles 
A. Dana Professor ot Music, 
explores "American Popular 
Song as Social Comment;" 
n Wallace M. Alston Profes- 
sor ot Bible and Religion 
Malcolm Peel will offer "Gods, 

Pharoahs and Mummies: A 
Study of Ancient Egyptian 
Life and Religions;" and 
DAlice Cunningham, William 
Rand Kenan Jr. Professor of 
Chemistry, will discuss "Top- 
ics in Conversational 

Alumnae will receive a 
brochure with complete 
information and a registration 
form in the mail. Others 
interested may call the Office 
of Alumnae Affairs at 404/ 
371-6323 or write: Office of 
Alumnae Affairs, Agnes 
Scott College, Decatur, Ga., 

n/i ( 


In the rocenr 1985-86 President's 
Report the following alumnae and 
friends were omitted or misplaced in 
gixing cluhs. They are generous 
people who not only support the 
College through their contrihutions. 
but also hy participating in the 
corporate matching gift program. We 
deeply regret this o\-ersight and hope 
e\'eryone listed will accept our sincere 


lower v_ircle 

Rubv Rosser Davis '43 

Helen Virginia Smith Woodward '43 

Vl\ian Conner Parker '62 

Sharon Lucille Jones Cole '72 

Mr. Madison F. Colejr. 

Mr. Ovid R. Davis 

Mr. Kenneth J. Hartwein 

Mr.]. E. Parker 

Mr. Thomas E. Stonecypher 

Dr. Albert C. Titus 

Mr. W. Leroy Williams 

Dr. William D.Woodward 

Colonnade Club 

Frances Cornelia Steele Garrett '37 

Barbara E.WilberOerland '43 

Susanna May Bvrd Wells '55 

Marcia Louise Tobey Swanson '60 

Elizabeth Withers Kennedy '62 

Christie Theriot Woodfin '68 

Mr. J. E. Faulkner Jr. 

Mr. Franklin M. Garrett 

Mr. Louis A. Gerlandjr. 

Mr. James R. Kennedy 

Mr. John W. Mclntyre 

Mr. Robert H. Ramsey 

Mr. Richard M. Schubert 

Mr. Brian C. Swanson 

Mr. James R.Wells 

Mr. Richard H. Woodfin 

Century Club 

Mary Lyon Hull Gibbes '36 
Martha Ray Lasseter Storey '44 
Betty Jane Foster Deadwyler '51 
Marion Greene Pciythress '61 
Mildred Love Petty '61 
Ann Teat Gallant '68 
Carol B. Blessing Ray '69 
Lynn Wilson McGee '77 
Janet Marie Bradley Fry:el '79 
Helen Ruth Anderson Arrington '81 
Jennifer Louise Giles Evans '81 

Mariorv Sivewright Mortord '82 

Mr. Thomas S. Arrington 

Mr. Eugene E. Brooks 

Mr. Robert Keith Chamhless 

Mr. Joe Davis Deadwyler 

Mr. Vaughn R. Evans 

Mr. Edward S. Frv:el 

Mr. Phillip Gallant 

Mr. Frank H. Gibbes Jr. 

Mr. John HoUerorth 

Mr. Vernon E. Jackson 

Mr. Boyd G. Lyon 

Mr. Joseph McDonald 

Mr. David L. McGee 

Mr. F M. Mitchell 

Mr. John Mark Morford 

Mr. Thomas E. Morris 

Mr. Jack Moses 

Mr. Robert C. Petty 

Mr. Joseph E. Pciythress 

Mr.). BillieRayJr. 

Mr. Angus J. Shingler 

Mr. Wallace A. Storev 

Mr. Phillips. Vogel 

Mr. Wendell K. Whipple 

The following scholarship funds were 
inadx'ertently omitted from the 
President's Report. We apologize for 
any inconvenience this may ha\e 

FUND of $6,250 was established in 
1915 as a memorial to this 1898 
graduate of the Institute hy her father 
and Agnes Scott trustee, L.C. 
Mandeville, ofCarrollton, Ga., and 
her husband. Homer Watkins, of 

FUND of $26,000 was established m 
1963 by his wife, Lilly B. Weeks, of 
New.' Iberia, La. Their four daughters 
are alumnae: Violet (Mrs. Maynard 
M. ) Miller '29, Margaret Weeks '31, 
01i\-e (Mrs. Henrv C. ) Collins "32 
and Lilly (Mrs. Lee D.) McLean '36. 
was established in 1935 by her 
husband, G. Lamar Wescott, of 
Dalton, Ga., in honor of this 1919 
graduate of the College. Mr. Westcott 
ser\'ed actively as a trustee for more 
than 30 years. Preference is given to 
students interested in missionary 


was established in 191^) .is memorial 
to this Presbyterian business leader 
by his son Samuel L. Willard of 
Baltimore, Md. Preference is given to 
daughters of Presbyterian pastors of 
small churches. 
was established m 1983 with a 
bequest ftom this friend of the 
College and wife of George W 
Woodruff, Trustee Emeritus. Her 
mother, Clara Belle Rushton King 
was an alumna of the Institute. The 
income is to he used for women in the 
Return to College Program. 
SCHOLARSHIP FUND of $ 1 ,000. 
was established m 19ti3 by her daugh- 
ter Marian Woodward (Mrs. John 
K.) Ottley of Atlanta. Preference is 
given to students of outstanding 
intellectual ability and character. 
was established in 1942 bv Susan 
Young (Mrs. John J.) Egan, an 
alumna of the Institute, in memory 
of her sister, an 1895 graduate who 
served as professor cit mathematics for 
22 years. Preference is gi\'en to 
students from other countries. 
was established in 1979 by the Blake 
P. Garrett Sr. family of Fountain 
Inn, S.C. , in memory of this long- 
time Presbyterian medical missionary 
to China and father of tv\'o alumnae: 
Louise Young Garrett '38 and 
Josephine Young (Mrs. Francis) 
Sullnan '44 of Greer, S.C. 
FUND of $5,650 was established in 
1982 by her family and friends as a 
memorial for her 35 years as professor 
and chair of the Department of 
Classical Languages aiad Literatures. 

never ends 

Some ot life's greatest 
aciventures begin at 60. 
That's the motto ot 
Elderhostel, a program 
Agnes Scott will host 
this summer from June 
14-20. Elderhostel allows 
people over 60 to live on 
a college campus tor a 
week or more and take up 
to three non-credit 
courses in the liberal arts 
and sciences. 

At Agnes Scott, stu- 
dents will study Ancient 
Theatre Production 
with Assistant Professor 
of Classical Languages 
and Literature Sally 
MacEwen, Selected 
Public Policies with Sally 
Davenport, assistant 
professor ot political 
science, and take a 
Survey of Jazz Styles 
with Music Department 
Chair Ted Mathews. 

The $205 fee covers 
tuition, room and board, 
as well as the use ot 
campus facilities and 
extracurricular activites. 
Those interested should 
contact Mollie Merrick 
'57, director of campus 
events and conferences, 
at 404/371-6394. 


Agnes Scott College 
Decatur, Georgia 30030 

Nonprofit Organization 



Decatur, GA 30030 

Permit No. 469 


' 7*'7*3^-./Tir» ,*/ X" 






* • 








■^'UASlAXZVf 1 

The Role of a Lifetime By Marsha Norman 


Alight breeze played with my 
skirt as I walked across 
campus on my way home. 
Above the athletic field and lumpy 
brick sidewalk hung a clear blue sky, 
a tranquil beginning for fall. 

I glanced toward the amphitheatre 
and noticed rope hanging from a 
tree. Curious, I left the sidewalk and 
headed across the field to look 
closer. Stone "pilings" seemed to 
stick up from the amphitheatre. 
Maybe they are storing construction 
supplies down there, I thought, and 
kept on walking. 

At the rim of the amphitheatre, I 
looked down and began to laugh. I 
had just been drawn to part of an art 
exhibit — "Inside/Outside" — inside 
and outside Dana Fine Arts Build- 
ing. Had I started my walk at Dana, 
markers would have guided me to the sculpture by artist 
Jeff Mather, with the phrase "When you're on land, you 
smell the sea. When you're at sea, you smell the land." 

As Atlanta Constitution art critic Catherine Fox 
wrote, Mather's "Snug Harbour" is "one of his best 
[works] to date. With a minimum of means and the 
cunning of a stage designer, he transforms the college's 
outdoor amphitheater into a reverie of a harbor. . . . 
The objects he uses are few. A series of mesh boxes are 
banded by black frames hanging on hooks from a rope. 
The rope (attached to poles at either end with sailor's 
knots, of course) slopes down over the central aisle into 
the amphitheatre and between a series of monumental, 
slanting "piers," gray columns recycled from his last 
piece and arranged in a row of V-shapes on the theater 
floor. Ropes strung together like nets are attached to 
trees to the right and in back of the mysterious cargo. " 

Mather's work was a surprise if you were expecting 
building supplies. 

I've had other surprises this 
fall. One evening I saw the Dixie 
Darlings rehearsing with Professor 
Marylin Darling on the porch of 
Rebekah. The gymnasium and 
infirmary are being converted into 
the Wallace M. Alston Campus 
Center, and any wooden floor space 
is in demand for rehearsals. 

Another morning I came to work 
to find the old gazebo being moved 
to the quadrangle. In the weeks that 
followed, the roof was restored and 
the lower parts rebuilt to duplicate 
its original appearance. 

And of course, I continue to be 
surprised to meet more and more 
alumnae and to learn what they are 
doing. Atlanta will host the 1988 
Democratic National Convention, 
and Agnes Scottwill certainly be 
touched by the political pitch next summer. 

We would like to use the occasion to feature alumnae 
of whatever political persuasion who have been active 
politically. If you or an alumna you know has been active 
politically — as an elected official or as a volunteer — 
we would like to know about it. Call us at 404/371-6315 
or write to us at Alumnae Magazine, Buttrick Hall, 
Agnes Scott College, Decatur GA 30030. 

In our centerfold, we have a surprise for you. The 
kickoffof our Centennial Campaign, "Keeping the 
Promise. " Numerous alumnae and friends have been at 
work laying the foundation for this campaign, and 
faculty and administrators have exciting plans for the 
College that depend on the new support only a cam- 
paign can generate. We will be telling you about Agnes 
Scott's academic plans as the campaign progresses. We 
will also be planning material for magazines during the 
Centennial Celebration year. We welcome your ideas 
and suggestions. — Lynn Donham. 

Editor: Lynn Donham, Managing Editor: Stacey Noiles, Art Director: P. Michael Meha, Editorial Assistant: Liliana Perez '87, 

Student Assistant: Laura Sizemore, Editorial Advisory Board: Katharine Akin Brewer '76, Dr. Ayse llgaz Garden '66, 

Susan Ketchin Edgerton '70, Karen Green '86, Ina Jones Hughs '63, Mary K. Owen Jarboe '68, Tish Young McGutchen '73, Lucia Howard 

Sizemore '65, Elizabeth Stevenson '41 

Copyright 1987, Agnes Scott College. Published three times a year by the Office of Publications of Agnes Scott College, Buttrick Hall, 

College Avenue, Decatur, GA 30030, 404/371-6315. The magazine is published for alumnae and friends of the College. 

Postmaster: Send address changes to Office of Development and Public Affairs, Agnes Scott College, Decatur, GA 30030. 

Like other content of the magazine, this 

article reflects the opinion of the 

writer and not the viewpoint of 

the College, its trustees or administration. 



In your spring issue, I am not nearly as 
interested in the two pages devoted to 
letters about the use of Mrs. and Ms. as 
I am in the short one-halt page article 
on page 34 about ASC students (only 
45 however) raising the banner ot protest 
in Forsyth [County, Ga.j Hallelujah! At 
last Agnes Scott does something about 
the race issue. I also think it should have 
been mentioned (without naming the 
donor) that at least one alumna (maybe 
me) gave the College $1,000 as a reward 
for this protest. 

Name Withheld 

In the article "Making Decisions About 
Morality" in the spring issue, there was 
no mention of morality based on 
Judeo-Christian principles. Dr. Isabel 
Rogers said that "today's youth . . . will 
not be forced into the rigidity of the 
1950s." With the results of adultery, 
fornication, and sodomy being uncon- 
trolled VD, herpes, and now AIDS, 
perhaps the "rigidity" or morality of the 
50s wouldn't be such a bad idea. 

Today's youth have been taught in 
various sex education and health courses 
to believe that anything goes. It's an 
if-it-feels-good-do-it mentality. The 
humanist would have us believe that we 
evolved, and therefore are only higher 
animal forms. The Christian knows that 
we are made in the image of God, and 
do not have to behave instinctively. 

God has given us a pattern to follow 
of sex within the marriage bonds. When 
we follow His principles, we will reap 
fulfillment. When we deviate from that, 
we are seeing what happens. 

Cam McDonald Smith '58 
Marietta, GA 

Agnes Scott 
Alumnae Magazine 



Fall 1987 
Volume 65 Number 2 

The Role of a 

Page 12 

Playing Your 
Cards Right 

Page 16 


Page 4 

Page 22 

The play's the 
thing! Writer Marsha 
TSlorman artfully 
instructs how to 
write your own life. 

While some women 
may feel the 
decks are stacked 
against them m 
terms of power, 
others know better 

As AIDS continues 
to take its toll, 
college officials 
struggle to steer 
students out of 
harm's way. 



Dorothy Joyner's 
circle of friends 
encloses many 

t may seem a contradic- 
tion to say that one can 
stay put and travel 
widely, hut Dorothy Travis 
Joyner '41 has done exactly 
that. Born in Atlanta, she 
has lived away from its 
metropolitan area for only 
two years. She majored in 
Greek and Spanish — a 
narrow area as career plan- 
ning goes. Yet her liberal 
arts background opened 
the doors to two jobs, she 
says, "at a time when one 
was grateful to get any job 
at all," and has brought to 
her a lifetime of intellec- 
tual and spiritual pleasure. 
Married to Georgia Tech 
graduate Hugh Joyner for 
39 years. Dot and Hugh 
Joyner have launched day- 
long acquaintances and 
lifelong friendships in a 
circle of ASC alumnae 
throughout the country. 

Mrs. Joyner is known to 
be available for any task 
where a "work horse effort" 
is needed. Named an Out- 
standing Alumna for Ser- 
vice to the College, she 
was thrilled when after 
accepting her award hus- 
band Hugh was named a 
Friend of the College for 
his years of "gluing chairs, 
hanging curtains, painting 
signs for Alumnae 
Weekend activities, and 
countless trips to the 

Her official roles com- 
prise a formidable list: vice 
president of the Decatur 
Alumnae Club, longtime 
class secretary, class reun- 

ion planning committee 
member. Alumnae Associ- 
ation Club Chair and 
House Chair. And though 
she has also shared her 
time and talents with sev- 
eral community organiza- 
tions, Dot Joyner has in- 
vested herself consistently 
in Agnes Scott. 

"It's been a way of mak- 
ing little installments on a 
big debt," she explains. 
The College nurtured her 
love of learning, and 
brought special kinds of 
friendships into her life. 
"You find instant com- 
munication with liberal 
arts people. It transcends 

Dorothy Travis Joyner 

age. 1 feel it with young 
alumnae as well as with 
those who graduated long 
before me. I owe nearly all 
of my close friendships to 
that College. And when 
you think of it that way, 1 
owe more than 1 have 

She is philosophical 
about alumnae involve- 
ment in the campus. 
"When you graduate," she 
says, "you usually are fran- 
tic to get a job. It's about 
15 years before you go back 
to your roots." 

Her own involvement 
began when a friend in- 

vited her to a Decatur Club 
activity. She discovered 
that it was like "going 
home. " Looking back on 
her longstanding record of 
service, which she insists 
was "just picky little 
things — nothing creative 
or distinguished," Mrs. 
Joyner feels that working 
for the College "is the most 
selfish thing I've ever done 
in my life, because I've 
enjoyed it so much." 

Despite the rounds ot 
new voices on the phone, 
new faces and names that 
her alumnae work brought 
over the years, Mrs. Joyner 
says she was the "class 
mouse." When she learned 
that she was receiving the 
Service to the College 
Award, she began to fret 
over making an acceptance 
speech. She confided to 
classmate and longtime 
friend Elizabeth Stevenson 
'41 that public speaking 
terrified her — a tear that 
Elizabeth, despite many 
distinguished years of 
teaching at Emory Univer- 
sity, shared. 

At Alumnae Weekend, 
as they awaited the an- 
nouncement of Mrs. 
Joyner's name, the two 
friends once again shared 
their jitters. "Suppose one 
of us drops dead at the 
podium!" said one. 

"Suppose both of us drop 
dead at the podium!" said 
the other. "What do you 
think they'll do?" 

"Well," said Elizabeth, 
undoubtedly drawing on 
her ingrained sense of 
Agnes Scott tradition, 
"they'll write it up." — Jane 
A. Zanca '83 

14 FALL 1987 


New York had 

to wait for 

Carolyn Forman Piel 

hen asked why 
she chose a career 
in medicine, 
Carolyn Forman Piel '40 
says, "So I could get to New 
York!" Eventually she did, 
hut not for long. Most of 
her days as a doctor have 
been spent high atop a hill 
in San Francisco's Univer- 
sity ot California Medical 
Center, overlooking that 
city's gingerbread Victorian 
homes and elegant 

On the second floor of 
the 400 Parnassus Building, 
large white arrows guide 
visitors past lilliputian 
water fountains, a gallery 
of children's drawings, and 
a brightly decorated 
playroom to the Children's 
Renal Center. Here Dr. 
Piel prepares lectures, 
conducts research and sees 
patients in her effort to 
treat children's kidney 

Science first drew her 
interest when she took a 
biology class at Agnes 
Scott. After graduating 
Phi Beta Kappa, she went 
on to Emory University 
and received a master's of 
science in 1943. She at- 
tended medical school at 
the University of Alabama 
in Tuscaloosa for 18 
months. "We were in the 
War then, " she remembers. 
"Men in class were in 
uniform." She was one of 
two women. 

Completing her medical 
degree in the Midwest (the 
best Eastern schools would 

not accept women) at 
Washington University in 
St. Louis, she was all set to 
go to New York for her 
internship when she ran 
into one of her former 
professors from the Univer- 
sity of Alabama. When he 
heard she was going to New 
York, he told her, "You 
don't want to go there." 

"So he picked up the 
phone and called the super- 
visor at Philadelphia Gen- 
eral Hospital," she says. 
'And that's where I went." 
Her trip to Philadelphia 
would greatly influence 
both her professional and 
personal life. 

As an intern, she joined 
one of the hospital's 
pathologists in early kidney 
research. She then began 

residency at Philadelphia 
Children's Hospital. "I 
chose pediatrics because I 
like children," she says. "It 
was very difficult to get a 
good internship in internal 
medicine." She stayed 
there two years and met her 
husband. Dr. John Piel, 
also in pediatrics at the 

Carolyn Forman's trip to 
New York finally came in 
1949, when she received a 
fellowship in pediatric 
nephrology at Cornell 
Medical Schtxil. Two years 
later, before her marriage, 
she was invited to teach at 
Stanford Medical School. 
John Piel was working at a 
prominent medical practice 
in San Francisco and en- 
joyed the West Coast. 

Dr. Carolyn Furman Piel 

"Here 1 was going West," 
recalls the doctor, "and 1 
hadn't intended this at all. 
I wanted to stay in New 
York. " She taught at Stan- 
ford until 1959. When the 
university decided to move 
its medical school out of 
the city, she went into 
private practice for a year. 
"My husband had a cancer 
from which he recovered, 
but at that time we didn't 
know what would happen. 
Teaching salaries were so 
low, I decided I'd better go 
into practice." After her 
husband became well, she 
returned to academic medi- 
cine at the University of 
California Medical Center. 

Since 1973, she has 
been an examiner for the 
American Board of Pediat- 
rics, traveling across the 
country to conduct oral 
exams. She has been a 
member of the Board since 
1980 and was elected its 
first woman president in 

Dr. Piel and her husband 
have reared four children, 
ages 24 to 33. As their 
family began to grow, the 
Piels moved from their first 
San Francisco home, a 
furnished apartment, to a 
grand home on a nearby 
hill. "It was huge and had 
no furniture," she says. 
"When the children were 
little, they used to roller 
skate in these large rooms 
on the first floor. Then 30 
years later, when we finally 
had time to furnish [the 
house], we sold it and 
moved back to our original 
neighorhood. " — Lisa Har- 



From Mortar Board to 
chair of the board for 
Evelyn Christman 

ometimes the clearest 
insights about a per- 
son come from their 
friends. So it is with Evelyn 
Baty Christman '40. Says 
her friend and former class- 
mate Eleanor Hutchens, 
"Evelyn always rises to the 
top — like cream." 

One of this year's Out- 
standing Alumnae for 
Service to the Community, 
Ms. Christman has risen to 
the top — "and naturally 
so," continues Dr. Hutch- 
ens. "Evelyn was the one 
everybody admired; the 
one who never said a word 
against anyone; the chief 
mind in the midst ot every 
organization she joined." 

Ms. Christman's resume 
reflects a similar rise. First 
on the list is chair of the 
board and chief executive 
officer of Landis Construc- 

Evehn Baty Christman 

tion Company. It is a 
position Ms. Christman 
says she "fell into" when 
her first husband, Fred 
Landis, died in 1976. She 
also says she "fell into" 
teaching after graduating 
from Agnes Scott with 
high honors and as a 
member ot both Phi Beta 
Kappa and Mortar Board. 
Her teaching career offi- 
cially lasted nine years. 

As a member of New 
Orleans' Business Task 
Force on Education in 
1980, Ms. Christman was 
the only woman among 40 
chief executu'es. She 
served as vice-chair to this 
group, which was ap- 
pointed to improve public 
schools in the city. 

Not only does Ms. 
Christman serve on a 
multitude of committees, 
she consistently leads each 
organization she serves. 
She was president of the 
Greater New Orleans 
Federation of Churches, 

chair of the Council of 
Presbytery of South 
Louisiana, and chair of the 
board of trustees for Xavier 
University. The list goes on 
and on. 

Ms. Christman's favorite 
organization, and perhaps 
the one she has served the 
longest IS the League of 
Women Voters. Her interest 
began in an "American 
Parties and Politics" class at 
Agnes Scott. When she 
discovered that Jefferson 
Parish had no League of 
Women Voters, she started 
one. In 1952 she served as 
its president. When she 
moved to New Orleans, 
she soon became president 
ot their league, and in 1975 
she headed the state 

Ms. Christman credits 
Agnes Scott as the 
"strongest influence in my 
lite. Everything I do is an 
outgrowth of my years 
there." The present CEO 
attended Agnes Scott only 
after receiving a $700 
full-tuition, room and 
board scholarship. 

She remembers her 
College class as "the De- 
pression" class and cites the 
tremendous influence of 
then-president James Ross 
McCain. "Our generation 
was a transition generation 
in more ways than one," 
she says. "In our time there 
was no such thing as 
women's rights. But at 
Agnes Scott we were taught 
to be independent, respon- 
sible and resourceful." To 
those who know her, 
Evelyn Baty Christman 
personifies these traits. — 
Linda Florence '89 

Jeanne Roberts earns 
respect as a leading 
Shakespeare scholar 

The award to Jeanne 
Addison Roberts '46 
for Distinguished 
Career brought no surprise 
to her classmates or to 
those who admired her as 
a senior in college. She was 
a member of Mortar Board 
and Phi Beta Kappa, vice- 
president of her class, as 
well as an honors student. 
With a master's from the 
University of Pennsylvania 
in 1947, she taught a year 
at Mary Washington Col- 
lege and started on a docto- 
rate at the University of 
Virginia. She served as 
English department chair 
at Fairfax Hall Junior 
College, married and had 
two children, taught at the 
American University Asso- 
ciation Language Center in 
Bangkok from 1952-56, 
and at the Beirut College 
for Women until 1960. 
Eleven years after gradua- 
tion, Jeanne Roberts al- 
ready had a career of con- 
siderable distinction. 

She returned to the 
States in 1960 to teach at 
American University in 
Washington, D.C. In eight 
years, she had earned the 
rank ot full professor. Along 
the way, she completed her 
doctorate with the disserta- 
tion, 'A History of the 
Criticism ot 'The Merry 
Wives ot Windsor. ' " The 
play remains a major schol- 
arly interest. Considered 
an expert outside academe 
as well, she is often con- 
sulted by New York's Met- 
ropolitan Opera when they 

16 FALL 1987 


perform Verdi's "Falstaff," 
based on the roguish 
character found both in 
"Merry Wives" and "Henry 

Her reputation as a 
Shakespearean scholar was 
sealed this year with her 
election as president of the 
Shakespeare Association 
of America. 

Her reknown goes 
beyond the classics. Memye 
Curtis Tucker '56 adds that 
Jeanne Roberts is admired 
not only as a scholar but as 
a person who shares and 
continues to grow. Many 
Agnes Scott English majors 
who now teach can re- 
member key words of en- 
couragement or an endorse- 
ment from Dr. Roberts that 
made a difference in their 
careers. Friends know her 
as one who has used her 
influence or power to enrich 
other people's lives. 

One example is the 
Summer Institute on Teach- 
ing Shakespeare, which 
she designed, administered 
and taught at the Folger 
Library in Washington. 
With support from the 
National Endowment for 
the Humanities, she re- 
cruited leading scholars to 
teach in this program that 
educates high school 
teachers about recent 
Shakespearean scholarship. 

Scholarship aside, 
Jeanne Roberts also finds 
great pleasure as a grand- 
mother. She says the best 
decision of her life was to 
marry Markley Roberts, 
the son of Agnes Scott 
alumna Frances Charlotte 
Markley Roberts '21. — 
Dabney Adams Hart '48 

Public health pioneer 
Betty Whitehead 
honored for service 

hen Betty Gordon 
Willis Whitehead 
'37 entered medi- 
cal school at the University 
ofVirginia at 20, her male 
classmates seemed "like 
having 50 brothers. " Little 
else has fazed her since. In 
April she was honored by 
Agnes Scott as an Out- 
standing Alumna for Com- 
munity Service. 

Her mother, who had 
been unable to realize her 
own dream of a medical 
career, encouraged Dr. 
Whitehead's medical ambi- 
tions early on. After earn- 
ing her medical degree, 
Betty Willis married Dr. 
Gary Whitehead, and 
together they served the 
Chatham, Va., area for 14 

In 1962 the couple and 
their five children moved 
to Alaska "to practice 
medicine and seek a simpler 
way of life. " Soon after, her 
husband drowned in a 
boating accident. She and 
her children moved back to 
Virginia, where she became 
physician and infirmary 
administrator for Sweet 
Briar College. 

While at Sweet Briar, 
she became impressed that 
people living in what she 
calls "a good state-of- 
being" tended not to be- 
come sick. Conversely, 
those in a bad situation or 
depressed states seemed 
vulnerable to all sorts of 
illnesses. Curious about 
the mental-emotional 
aspects of health. Dr. 

Whitehead returned to 
college at age 56 — this 
time earning a master's 
degree in public health 
from the Univ. of North 
Carolina at Chapel Hill. 

"I went back to school in 
1973 to find out what I had 
missed the first time," she 
says. "Education is wasted 
on the young. Going back 
to school in later years 
gives one the benefit of 
time and experience that 
help you to put things 
together and understand." 

After graduating in 
1974, the doctor joined the 
city and county of Dan- 
ville/Pittsylvania, Va., to 
develop their mental health 
services department. By 
the time she retired. Dr. 
Whitehead had become 
executive director, super- 
vising 65 employees in the 
alcohol and drug, mental 
retardation, mental health 
and prevention divisions. 
Her colleagues view her as 
"an effective health profes- 
sional, a most capable 
administrator, a tough but 

beloved supervisor, and an 
advocate for those least apt 
to speak on their own 

Dr. Whitehead's main 
interest is promoting 
health. She often felt that 
in treating disease she just 
"administered bandages, 
not treated the underlying 
maladies." The current 
professional trend toward 
prevention pleases her. 

Dr. Whitehead sees a 
liberal arts education as the 
preparation every medical 
student should have. And 
while she gives high marks 
to her education, she values 
the friendships she made at 
the College most. 

In retirement, Dr. 
Whitehead finds time to 
clean out old files and 
travel. "There is a lot of 
peasant in me," she says. 
Fond of doing things with 
her hands, she enjoys 
pulling weeds at her log 
house near Chatham, 
baking bread and knitting. 
— Donna Evans Brown 

Dr. Betty Cordon Willis Whitehead 


18 FALL 1987 

I want to begin hy making a tew 
announcements. Some ot the last, 
thank God, announcements you 
will ever have to listen to. 

1) These have not necessarily 
been the best years of your life. 

2) You do not have to remember 
everything you have read here. Just 
the titles will be enough .... and 

3) What they will think of you in 
twenty years will not depend directly 
on what they've thought of you here. 

That's really all 1 have to say. 
Those of you who wish to sleep or 
write poems on the back of your 
program, may do so at this time. 

For the speech, like the rest of your 
future, is inevitable now. And a 
commencement speech, sadly 
enough, must observe certain rules. 

I learned these rules from the dean 
of Fordham College in New York 
City, where I gave my first com- 

write a play, but how everybody does. 
How you are writing a play as you 
casually live what you think of as 
your lite. 

You may not feel as it you are 
writing a play, but I promise you, you 
are. Someday, when you are dead, 
someone will come across a picture 
ot you in a scrapbook, point and ask, 
"Who is this?" And someone who 
remembers you, will gasp and 
whisper, "That's Aunt June." 

All she ever wanted to do, she 
said, was marry Uncle Rudy and 
raise a brood ot children. But atter 
one week, one week atter the wed- 
ding, she walked out of his house. 


that she had been afraid to confess. 
Maybe a week with Uncle Rudy had 
made the Wix Museum look like 
fun. Or maybe Uncle Rudy was so 
li\-ely, that she had to admit the 
waxworks were more her speed. 

Whatever it was. Aunt June 
wanted something, and she changed 
her lite to get it. That's what a play 
is. It's one person wanting some- 
thing. When you go to see a play, 
you find out why they want it, you 
find out what or who stands in their 
way, and yoLi find out what happened 
when they got it, or how they telt 
about it when they didn't. 

Now, in case you haven't guessed, 
you are Aunt June. In your life, or as 
we're talking about it today, in the 
play of your life, there has to be some- 
thing that you, as the central charac- 
ter, want. Not something silly like 
making a lot ot money or being 





mencement address a few years ago. 
He said that graduates were a very 
diverse group and that any attempt 
to interest all of them in anything 
would fail miserably. Then he said 
that no intelligent person could be 
certain there would be a future, so 
there wasn't much point in my 
looking into it in a speech. 

Lastly, he said that though most 
colleges were not specifically religious 
institutions, and that their students 
held widely divergent religious con- 
victions, I should nevertheless refrain 
from saying anything truly hateful 
about God. 

So since I can't talk about God, 
the future, or something interesting 
to all of you — like how much you're 
going to contribute to the alumni 
association next year — I'm going to 
talk about writing a play. Not how I 



took the bus to Washington, D.C. , 
and spent her life doing we never 
knew what because we never went 
there, but working, we guess, at the 
Wax Museum. 

Now, that may not be a play you'd 
pay $40 to go see, but it is a play. 
Aunt June, tor some reason, changed 
her plan. 

If someone were actually to write 
down this play, they would have to 
figure out what happened in the 
week Aunt June was married. They 
would have to look for a single mo- 
ment, when we could see her decide 
to leave. Maybe the Wax Museum 
was a dream of hers from childhood 

happy. But something you can do 
that will satisfy you, something that 
will explain what you were doing 
here, something that will say who 
you were. It may be a particular line 
of work, or it may be some achieve- 
ment — winning a prize, earning a 
certain position. It could be a per- 
sonal quality, like being tair, or help- 
ful. It might be something as simple 
as 'I want a house by the beach.' 

It doesn't have to be complicated. 
It just has to be clear. It has to be 
sayable in one sentence. And it has 
to be personal. Everybody wants to 
make a lot of money and be happy. 
Everybody wants to have a loving 
family and be healthy. Everybody 
wants to be respected and given a 
chance to grow. So, if you're out 
there thinking of what it is that you 
want, it can't he anything vague like 


love, all right? It has to he precise. 
Mayhe you want to have your picture 
on the cover of Time Magazine. 
Maybe you want to set one of your 
feet down on the moon. Maybe you 
want to write the great American 
novel or solve the problem of the 
homeless in America. Any of those 
will do. But you're the author, so you 
decide. Just remember. Precise and 

Now, the first scene in your play 
will tell us what you want. If you 
don't want anything, then that's 
pretty much what you're going to 
get. And when somebody asks who 
you are in the scrapbook, the answer 
is going to be "1 don't know. " 

I am sure a great many of you can 
already say what you want. And your 
graduation today represents a step 
you have taken toward getting it. 
Good. That's the next scene in the 
play. What you did to try to get what 
you want. If the main character sim- 
ply dreams or hopes, the audience 
isn't going to get very involved. 

Remember, in writing a play, you 
want the audience rooting for the 
main character. If the main charac- 
ter does nothing, or stands in her 
own way, then the audience will go 
to sleep 'til intermission, at which 
point they will leave. And you don't 
want people leaving your play, your 
life, I mean. You need them. 

Now, along the way in the play, 
you need some history. You need to 
explain where this desire of yours 
came from, what it was that made 
you want this particular thing. The 
audience doesn't like dreams that 
come from nowhere. If you work at 
it, you should be able to remember a 
moment, or an incident that set you 
on this path you are traveling. 

The strength of that moment is 
what enables you to go on walking 
this path. Maybe it's a painful mo- 
ment, mayhe it was an example 
someone set. But something started 
you moving. The audience needs to 
know what that was. 

Now, toward the middle of the 
first act, the conflict has to start 

building. You can't have a play with- 
out conflict, just as you can't have a 
life without conflict. I promise you, 
whatever it is you want, something 
is going to stand in your way. We 
have to know what that is. It might 
be you. It might be your family. It 
might be some force in the world. 
Whatever it is, it won't be a surprise. 
You can sit here right here, right 
now, and tell us what, if anything, 
can stop you from getting what you 
want. You don't know yet whether it 
will stop you, but you do already 
know what it is. 

When you tell the audience what 
could stop you, you must tell them 
what you have to use against it. How 
strong are you? How long are you 
willing to fight? What resources do 
you have? What friends do you have? 
But most importantly, how badly do 
you want it? 

The audience watches now, as 
near the end of the first act, the con- 
flict erupts. You are really up against 
it. Everything seems to be against 
you. Your faith in yourself wavers, or 
maybe your friends forsake you, or 
maybe you realize you had no idea 
how strong the enemy really was. At 
any rate, you the writer send them 
off to intermission wondering how 
on earth you are going to get yourself 
out of this. What is going to happen? 

As I am talking, you are probably 
deciding, individually, where you 
are in your play, where you are in 
your life. Have you walked on stage 
yet? Have you faced the conflict yet? 
Have you lost a few battles or won a 
few battles? Where are you in your 

This is a good moment to remind 
you that whatever else happens, you 
must remain the central character in 
your story. And you must remain 
active. You can't write plays about 
victims. Nobody wants to watch for 
two hours while things just happen 
to somebody. You cannot write a 
play about a passive central charac- 
ter. Well, I guess you can, but no- 
body's going to come see it. 

If you find that, from time to time, 

you lose interest in your life, it's put- 
ting you to sleep, that even you 
would like to walk out of it, you prob- 
ably have the passive central charac- 
ter problem. If you're bored, it's prob- 
ably because you haven't done any- 
thing lately. 

Incidentally, I've forgotten to say 
that the audience for this play of 
your life is not the ticket-buying 
public. It's you. Oh sure, your family 
will watch it, and your friends will 
see it from time to time, but you are 
the one who's stuck there watching 
your life, full time, day and night. 
You, the audience, are the only one 
who's ultimately going to care what 
happens to you, the main character. 
And you, the author, are the only 
one who can make it something 
worth watching, something worth 
being in. 

Aristotle wasn't perhaps thinking 
quite this way when he talked about 
the unities, but then he wasn't giving 
a commencement address. And, as a 
matter of record, he didn't write any 
plays. I am giving a commencement 
address and 1 have written plays. 
And I say, you are the author, and 
you are the central character, and 
you are the audience. If you want to 
have a good time on stage in your 
life, all you have to do is write well 
and follow the script. 

Now, it's time for the second act. 1 
don't know how old you are at this 
point in the play, it's hard to say. 
Thirty, maybe? Forty, fifty, sixty. 
The audience comes back, and 
they're all dying to know what's 
going to happen to you. They've 
been to the bathroom and had their 
orange drink. They sit back down 
and dare you to finish your life. 

This is a good time to let the audi- 
ence like the character for a moment. 
It's true in the theatre, and 1 think 
for the most part true in life, that if 
the audience doesn't like the charac- 
ter, they're not going to care what 
happens to her. 

So, what's likeable about you? 
Anything? Everything? Maybe you're 
kind to animals or maybe you know 
more words to more songs than any- 

■ 10 FALL 1987 

body else you know. It helps if you're 
funny, but if you're not, well, at least 
you can laugh when other people are 

It is important to show the audi- 
ence that you're likeable. That 
doesn't mean you try to make them 
like you. No, they'll hate you if you 
do that. Just allow them to see what's 
good in you. Just let it come out, 
your sweetness or your silliness or 
your devotion to your mother or your 
passion tor chocolate, or whatever. 

If you know any magic tricks, do 
them. If you know how to dance, 
dance. If you can sing, sing. What- 
ever you can do to make your life, 
your play, pleasant, do that. It won't 
kill you to he liked. It might even 
help. If you don't have any likeable 
qualities, then the thing tor you to 
do is admit it. We'll like you tor that, 
I know. 

As the play progresses, we see 
more and more clearly what is at 
stake tor you. We know what will 
happen it you don't get what you 
want. We know what it means in 
your lite. 

Sometimes, in the course of seeing 
what is at stake, you discover that 
everything is at stake, and you begm 
to think that you're going to lose 
everything, because what you want 
is just not reasonable. It was not, as 
they taught you in psychology class, 
an achievable goal. Well, that's a 
pretty big problem in a play. The 
character could never have gotten 
what she wanted because it wasn't 
ever possible. 

There are some things, even in 
this land of opportunity, that some 
of us just can't have. I can't win the 
Nobel Prize in physics. I can't be a 
veterinarian. I can't be a man. Fortu- 
nately, I don't want any of those 
things. But it I did, I would have to 
do a considerable rewrite of my play. 

Rewrites are possible. You can 
pitch a play in the wastebasket and 
start over. And there are times when 
you should. Maybe that's what today 
will mean. That you're starting to 
rewrite your play, that you're wanting 

something new, another chance. It 
so, I salute you. Rewrites are hard. 
Harder than writing for the first 
time, because you can never quite 
forget what it was you originally 
wanted. As a fellow writer, I encour- 
age you to use what you used to 
want, to strengthen your resolve to 
get what you want now. We all make 
mistakes, even about what we want. 
All that mistakes cost us is time and 
energy. But we have time and energy 
to spend. The play isn't finished 'til 
the curtain comes down. Any 
changes you want to make along the 
way are fine. It doesn't all have to 
add up until the end. 

Which ending we are getting to 
now. You'll remember that I said a 
play has to start with the character 
wanting something, and end with 
the character getting it or not. But I 
will tell you what I know about 

First of all, don't count on a sur- 
prise ending to thrill the audience. 
Surprises are only tun in mysteries. 
You want your life to be a play, not a 

The ending of a play, of a life, 
should come naturally and easily 
from everything that's gone before 
it. What happens to the character, 
happens because of who the charac- 
ter is. We are no longer writing plays 
where the gods come in and save 
people, or destroy them either. The 
audience just doesn't believe it. The 
audience likes to see justice, see the 
character get what she deserves. 
That makes the audience teel good. 
It makes them feel that order is re- 
stored in the world. 

Now, we all know, that people 
don't always get what they deserve. 
There is tragedy in the world, there 
is injustice. There are awful acci- 
dents and unpredictable events 
which affect our lives. But you can't 
write those things. You should simply 
pray to the one whose name we are 
not mentioning that those things 
don't happen to you. Or for the 
strength to deal with them if they do. 

The ending you should be think- 

ing about, the ending you should 
have in mind as you write every day, 
is what should happen if justice is to 
be served. You must think, as author, 
what will happen to me if I get just 
what I deserve. That's the kind of 
ending most plays have. There is 
more justice than we'd all like to 
think, in the theatre and in life. 

One last thing. You're going to 
need a title. It can be a working title, 
based on what you think the subject 
of your lite is now. And you can 
change that title later, it you want. 
But if you find you're changing the 
title of your life a lot, then you will 
probably have to admit you don\ 
know what it's about. 

I like short titles. Getting Out, 
'Night, Mother. But Cat on a Hot 
Tin Root sold a lot of tickets, so a 
long title is not necessarily a bad 
idea. Knowing what we know about 
Tennessee Williams now. Cat on a 
Hot Tin Root seems quite accurate 
for his lite, I think. Actually, that 
title could describe all our lives from 
time to time. Perhaps that is why 
this play is so well-loved. 

So what are you going to call this 
play that has you at the center of it? 
Making It Big? Doing It Right?Tak- 
ing My Time? Fooling Around? Get- 
ting More Sleep? Who knows? Only 
you know that. 

And we're back to where we 
started. I said it was an old writing 
maxim that you should write what 
you know. So, you have your degree 
now, or you will at the end of this 
ceremony. There are no more as- 
signed topics, no more term papers. 
You're free to write whatever you 

Write your Life. If you do it well, 1 
promise you, a great many people, 
some people you love, some people 
you don't even know, will see it, and 
stand, and applaud you. 

Marsha Norman won a Pulitzer Prize 
for her play, "'Night Mother, " in 1983. 
This article is taken from her commence- 
ment address at Agnes Scott in May. 


B Y 

Your Cards 


Gayle Gellerstedt Daniel '71, panel 
moderator tor the recent "Prisms of 
Power" symposium at Agnes Scott, 
enviously eyed the closed door of the 
empty men's room in Presser Hall as 
she stood in a long line outside the 
women's room. Then she and several 
of her companions realized the irony 

ot their posi- 
tion: no men 
in sight, and 
yet women 
were intimi- 
dated hy the sign on the door. 

"Here we were talking about 
power, and none of us were willing 
to go into the men's bathroom," she 
later told her audience. "We staged 
our own powerful takeover." 

Although women's increasing 
power may not be frequently telt in 
men's rooms, their economic and 
social influence usually pervades 
most other realms, especially 
women's causes and institutions. 

Ms. Daniel's own influence affects 
the session of Central Presbyterian 
Church, the boards of Exodus Inc. , 

the Central Health Center, the 
YWCA and the Girl Scouts. She 
was selected one of Ten Outstanding 
Young People in Atlanta in 1985. 

"Institutions like Agnes Scott are 
going to be affected by women who 
can provide financial resources, and 
who can raise financial resources 
and community consciousness," she 
said. 'As we gain power, we have to 
give back to institutions like Agnes 
Scott which have supported us." 

Women's support of their institu- 
tions measure their status in the mar- 
ketplace, said Frankie Coxe, presi- 
dent of Haas Coxe & Alexander, 
the oldest and largest fund-raising 
firm in the Southeast. Ms. Coxe 
served as a member of the symposium 
panel "Reflections on Women and 
the Power of Money. " 

"I think as women have more 
money, they are going to understand 

112 FALL 1987 

better the power of money and what 
money can do," she said. 

Educational institutions have a 
built-in support system in their grad- 
uates, she said. As alumnae accumu- 
late influence, the institution can 
expect to gain. Women's control 
over money is steadily growing, in 
corporations and foundations and 
over the family checkbook. 

"We are seeing indirect effects of 
women being in more control ot 
their lives," said Lucia Howard 
Si:emore '65, director ot alumnae 
affairs. "We have had several record- 
breaking years in alumnae gifts to 
the College. It may be that as women 
are earning more, [they are] more in 
control of their lives, and are giving 
more to their own institutions." 

As women's economic power in- 
creases, so increases their fund-raising 
abilities with major corporations 
and foundations, organizations with 

"the big bucks," said Ms. Coxe. 

"It's a confidence situation. As 
women see themselves on a peer 
level with people they're asking for 
money, they will be better fundrais- 

The acceptability of women's aspi- 
rations to power, especially eco- 
nomic power, is a new one, noted 
Betty Smulian, chair of the board ot 
Trimble House Corp. , which man- 
utactures outdoor lighting fixtures. 

Traditionally, it was considered 
unladylike to discuss money, she 
said. "It was OK to take money from 
Daddy, OK to take it from husband, 
but not OK to think ot money as 
something to achieve on your own as 
a career goal or a reward." Money 
was not a nice word, she said, "espe- 
cially in mixed company. 

"Women are coming to realize the 
value of economic power — that 

there is power in money and it's not 
a crime to recognize and aspire to it, 
and to realize what money can ac- 
complish in a positive sense." 

Ms. Smulian serves on the Com- 
mittee of 200, a group of women 
who own businesses with gross sales 
over $5 million annually or who run 
companies with assets of $20 million 
or more. 

"This is a fantastic group of achiev- 
ing women," Ms. Smulian said. 
"They serve on important boards. 
They are catalysts tor projects to 
improve their states and cities. They 
are lobbyists for many concerns. 
And they are listened to, not only 
because of their considerable talents, 
but also because of their economic 
clout. They are the button-pushers 
and they get involved." Most Ameri- 
can women, especially Southern 
women, have yet to reach this stat- 
ure, however. 


"The Southern woman's attitude 
toward money is holding her hack," 
Ms. Coxe believes. "We've been in 
the suppliant position regarding 
money for too long to change over- 
night. And many don't want to 
change roles. They're not unhappy 
with the mink and the emeralds." 

Other drawbacks to power are fear 
ot rejection and lack of understand- 
ing of the good-old-boy network, 
she said. 'A number of studies indi- 
cate that men are greater risk-takers. 
You know the old saying that you 
can't make an omelette without 
cracking the eggs. If you're going to 
accomplish anything significant 
you're going to cross or offend some 
people. They will reject you. They 
will reject your ideas. And again, we 
curly-haired, little darlings were 
taught by our Southern mamas not 
to offend anybody. " 

Coxe said that most men under- 
stand the exchange of favor. Women 
hesitate to collect on a debt duly 
owed. "In the male world when you 
do somebody a favor, you have a chip 
out, and they know that you're going 
to collect at some time," she said. 
'And, they don't resent it. These are 
the rules of the game. This is what 
makes the world turn and most men 
enjoy the game. This is power." 

For these reasons, most women, 
although excellent at raising money 
through events and fund-raisers, feel 
inadequate to seek large donations, 
especially from people they know, 
she said. 

Oi course, women exert power in 
other ways. One way to influence is 
their work with organizations. 

James A. Crupi, former director 
of the Georgia World Congress 
Center Institute and now president 
of the International Leadership Con- 
ference in Dallas, is a "power consult- 
ant." In an analysis of Atlanta's 
power structure Crupi concluded 
that "women, by and large, are 
locked out." For them, he said, the 
real route to power is through volun- 
teer work. 

Candy Kaspers is president of Kas- 
pers and Associates, which special- 
izes in management and team build- 
ing. "Probably the best, easiest way 
to [become] a part of the power base 
in the community is to join an or- 
ganization. You can benefit through 
collective power." 

She cited Women Business Own- 
ers, an organization she served as 
president, as one example. After 
members of the organization realized 
that women receive a much smaller 
percentage ot foundation grants and 
funding than their male counter- 
parts, they started their own 

Organizations also offer "a marvel- 
ous opportunity to really get in- 
volved," she said. "You have to un- 
derstand this is a terribly ironic 
statement coming from me, because 
up until a few years ago, I equated 
volunteerism with exploitation." 

Through Women Business Own- 
ers, whose members served as men- 
tors for other women starting out, 
she learned confidence and commit- 
ment, she said. From there, she 
moved onto the boards of directors 
of nonprofit organizations. 

"The benefits of being on a non- 
profit board are many," she said. 
"First of all, you have an opportunity 
to help other people. If that isn't 
enough, you get to help other people 
while you help yourself, because it 
provides a terrific opportunity for 
networking, for making tremendous 
contacts, for skills and leadership 
development. All of these are ex- 
tremely important elements in build- 
ing a power base." 

On many such boards, she said, 
"the drawing card is power by associa- 
tion. " And by associating with 
power, otherwise powerless women 
can learn where power lies — who 
has it, why they have it. 

Women may have great ideas, but 
lack the resources to carry them out, 
said Ann Wilson Cramer, section 

chief for the commercial and indus- 
trial development part of the Georgia 
Department of Community Affairs 
and a former Georgia Volunteer of 
the Year and YWCA Outstanding 
Woman of Achievement. "It's our 
job to be the connector, to find 
where that influence is," she said. To 
do that, women must understand 
the system, or how to get things 
done. Then, they can pull the forces 
ot the system together. 

'And that's where we as women 
can do what we do best," she said. 
"What we've done traditionally in 
our feminine perspective is to col- 
laborate, communicate, coordinate." 

Southern women in particular 
know how to combine strength and 
gentleness, a mix that puts people at 
ease, said writer Sharon McKern in 
her book "Redneck Mothers, Good 
or Girls and Other Southern Bel- 
les." Ms. McKern wrote, "The old- 
fashioned Southern belle, helpless 
and vain, could not be taken seri- 
ously by [real] women, long accus- 
tomed to getting their hands dirty 
when the ox is in the ditch." 

Women undervalue their abilities, 
tending to see their talents and 
strengths as somehow less valuable 
than other traits. They look instead 
at what they don't have. 

In a speech at the "Prisms of 
Power" seminar. Dr. Siegel quoted a 
story by journalist Celestine Sibley. 
Ms. Sibley wrote of an old woman 
who as a child went to the circus and 
saw a huge elephant tied to a stake. 
She thought the stake must be huge 
to hold an enormous elephant. She 
was amazed when the gamekeeper 
picked up the stake, and it was no 
longer than a pencil. "Celestine 
Sibley makes the point that what 
keeps us tethered in our lives is not 
the stake — it's the idea of the stake. " 

One such stake, said Dr. Siegel, is 
beauty. Women spend fortunes on 
lotions, potions, powder, and per- 
fume, to make themselves feel more 
beautiful. "Beauty is a peg that we 
need to get rid of. " 

114 FALL 1987 

A "second peg," she said, is age, 
and a third is wealth. 

Instead, women need to use their 
talents and positions — from wife to 
Supreme Court justice — to do the 
best they can tor themselves and the 
community, said Ms. Cramer. 

But to do so, they must overcome 
their own insecurities, or pull away 
from the stakes. 

"It is very uphill work being inse- 
cure, and profoundly exhausting," 
says a character in "The Tightrope 
Walker," a murder mystery by writer 
Dorothy Oilman, best known for her 
Mrs. Politax series about a middle- 
aged widow who becomes a CIA spy. 

Women who feel insecure and 
embarrassed about power should 
tocus on goals instead, speakers at 
the seminar said. 

"I didn't think of the power in any 
of the jobs I've had," said Marjorie 
Fine Knowles, dean of the college of 
law at Georgia State University. "I 
thought ot what I could get done. 
That's an aspect ot women's socializa- 
tion that I wish were spread more 
widely among men." 

Even Frankie Coxe, a successful 
and influential woman by anyone's 
standards, said she prefers not to 
talk about power. "I prefer to think 
of goals, challenges." 

After poring through self-help 




books from "Power! 
"Dress for Success," and even "The 
Art of Deception" and "Eat for Suc- 
cess," Dr. Siegel gave up on her blue 
blazer, closed pumps, Rolex watch 
and burgundy brief case — the "power 
uniform" — and turned instead to a 
book called "In Search of Excellence." 

"It points out that good leaders, 
successful leaders, powerful leaders, 
are not those who dress for success, 
not those who do all the things in 
the art of deception. It's those who 
truly are feeling good about them- 
selves, feel good about others, see 
their role as freeing, not restricting," 
she said. "[Those] who think of 
themselves as being authentically 

Once women decide to spend their 
energy on pursuits more constructix'e 
than treading the waters of their 
own insecurities, they must decide 
how to channel their efforts. Change 
will happen anyway, noted Ann 
Cramer. But women need to know 
not only how to change things, but 
how to affect the change that's natu- 
rally going to occur. 

Women have to make sure they 
use their energies, power, or influ- 
ence in ways that benefit themselves, 
their communities, and all of society. 
The burden of touting many causes 
has historically fallen to women. 
Network newswomen point out that 
only when those organizations hired 
female reporters were stories about 
battered women, child abuse, and 
the inequalities of the divorce laws 
treated as serious national issues on 
the nightly news. 

For example, one speaker took 
part in a Chamber of Commerce 
project on "The Community in the 
Year 2000." It fell to the three 
women among 80 committee mem- 
bers to discuss the arts, children, 
education, health and human ser- 
vices, while the men focused on 
transportation, development, and 

So in considering their uses of 
energy, women should not forget the 
continuing battle to wipe out dis- 
crimination, noted Dean Knowles. 
She expressed frustration with law 
students who fail to see the need to 
work for change, until they are shut 
out of major firms or denied promo- 
tions because quotas for women have 
already been filled. "I thought we 
learned a long time ago that as long 
as we kept it an individual problem 
it never got solved," she said. 

As women combine their talents 
and resources to work on community 
and gender problems, they may find 
their individual problems easier to 
solve. Women's institutions, already 
doing great things for women, can 

do even more as their graduates sup- 
port them to a greater degree. 

"Prisms of Power" was the idea oi 
Lowrie Alexander Eraser '57, then 
chair of the Alumnae Board's con- 
tinuing education committee and a 
member of the Atlanta Women's 
Network. "Doing the symposium 
appealed to us because we felt Agnes 
Scott had always provided women 
with an opportunity to find their 
e^wn abilities," noted Lucia Sizemore. 

She cites other examples: Mary 
Duckworth Oellerstedt '46, first 
woman president of the Atlanta 
Symphony Board of Directors — not 
the auxiliary — and a member of 
"forty 'leven" other boards; Susie 
Ooodman Elson '59, president of 
the National Mental Health Associa- 
tion; and Dr. Carolyn Piel, '49, the 
first woman president of the Ameri- 
can Pediatrics Board. 

Whether they are in the board- 
rooms or the nurseries, managing 
employees or their own children, 
drawing six-figure salaries or volun- 
teering in a church soup kitchen, 
women can exert tremendous power. 
But once women gain power, they 
share the same dilemma as men. 

"What is our power for?" asked the 
Rev. Nancy Hastings Sehested, who 
had the courage and the conviction 
to become a Southern Baptist minis- 
ter at a time when few women can. 

"It is power to say 'no' to those 
who build separations, and 'yes' to 
those who build communities. It is 
power to call people and institutions 
to break down barriers that divide 
people, whether they are barriers of 
race or sex or clout or intelligence or 
economics. It is the power to heal 
pain and brokenness. It is the power 
to facilitate change. It is the power 
to play midwife, assisting people to 
give birth to their full humanity. 
And somewhere we've got to build a 
community where people are trans- 
formed from old oppressive ways, 
where the old ways pass away and all 
things become new. " 

Gayle White is a uriterjor The 
Atlanta Journal. 


^ ^ 

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116 FALL 1987 

Sexual issues have 
brought controversy to 
nearly every generation. 
Because of the threat of 
AIDS, students choices may 
novu involve deadly risks. 
On campuses nationwide, 
there's a new message: 

In Africa, where AIDS has reached 
epidemic proportions, an idiom is 
making its way into the vernacular 
that translates into English as "love 

U.S. college administrators find 
themselves grappling with ways to 
get students to listen to — and 
heed — this message. 

Agnes Scott began last February 
with a series of lectures on sexuality. 
For three days Dr. Isabel Rogers 
'45X, recently elected moderator of 
the General Assembly of the Presby- 
terian Church and a professor of 
applied Christianity at the Presbyte- 
rian School of Christian Education, 
spoke with students individually and 
collectively on sexual ethics and 

"What I liked about Izzie's presen- 
tation is that she didn't tell us what 
to do or what to believe," said one 

student later. Instead Dr. Rogers 
hoped her lectures would "help build 
in young people the kind of maturity 
[where] you don't have to tell them 
what to do." 

According to College Chaplain 
Miriam Dunson, the idea for the 
series came about after faculty, staff 
and students discussed issues of 
importance to students. "One of the 
first topics that emerged was: 'How 
do you make ethical decisions?' " said 
the chaplain. But it soon became 
clear that the greatest concern to 
students was how to make ethical 
decisions about sex and sexuality. 

Dr. Rogers' task was to allow 
students to create a context within 
which to think about these issues and 
make their own decisions, explained 
the Rev. Dunson. "There's a need for 


a community like this to engage in 
moral discourse," she says, "not to 
pull back or polarize, but to engage 
in conversation." 

Dr. Rogers had lots to say about 
sexuality and a person's response to 
it. "On the one hand, we say we want 
to be free, we want to enjoy sex as 
simply a natural part of life," she 
notes. "On the other hand, for us 
[sex is] not natural. We are preoc- 
cupied with it, titillated by it. It's 
something mysterious and evil and 
sort ot forbidden to us." 

Within a theological context, 
sexuality becomes as complex as the 
whole spectrum of human relation- 
ships, she says. She quotes British 
theologian Norman Bittinger as 
saying: "Sexuality is not only part of 
God's creation; it is perhaps the 
central clue to what God is up to in 
the world." 


Lessons on casual sex 

Young women in the '80s seemed 
to learn a lesson from their predeces- 
sors of the previous decades. Casual 
sex might be fun for a while, hut in 
the long run it alienates — making 
the body a "pleasure machine," in 
Dr. Rogers' words, with no real 
connection or feeling for each sexual 
partner. But what constitutes casual ? 

Among female college students 
there is more often an ambivalence 
about sex. At a single-sex institution 
like Agnes Scott, differing ideas 
about sex and morality can clash 
loudly in such a close setting. 

Some young women are adamant 
about abstaining from sex until 

way than I am now. A lot of that is 
maturity — being able to accept 
other people's ideas as well as my 
own — being secure in what I feel is 
right and what I don't feel is right." 

Social scientist Mirra Komarovsky 
studied college sexual norms as part 
of her book, "Women in College." 
Her study followed 232 students at a 
northeastern women's college from 
freshman to senior year. Of these 
students, 51 percent were still virgins 
their sophomore year, 40 percent had 
had one or more lovers and 9 percent 
gave no conclusive information. 

One student characterized the 
sexual ethic at her college as this: "It 
is generally assumed that women 
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marriage. Others, realizing that 
women are getting married later in 
life, may prefer not to wait until the 
ultimate commitment. Deciding 
whether or not to have sex is not like 
choosing a party dress. It takes lots 
of reflection and thought about what 
life may hold further down the line. 
"I don't have premarital sex and I 
haven't made the decision that I'm 
going to wait until I get married," 
says one Agnes Scott junior. 

She thinks people should make 
their own choice based on their 
maturity and what they think is right 
for them. "When I get around people 
perhaps they might^feel guilty be- 
cause they have sex when they find 
out I don't. But I think what bothers 
me most is people of whatever kind 
condemning the other. I know in 
high school, I was a lot more that 

ence in their four years of college. 
Ideally, what is desired is a relation- 
ship based on friendship and love, 
though not necessarily involving a 
commitment to marriage. One-night 
stands and sleeping around are 
disapproved [of], as are the sleazy 
teasers who are out to collect men. " 

"By and large, having a boyfriend 
bestows prestige, " says another inter- 
viewee. "When you are sleeping with 
someone, it does give you a slight 
edge. You are somehow considered a 
little tougher, a little better." 

Most students Ms. Komarovsky 
interviewed expressed annoyance 
about the pressure for casual sex. 
Most young men, spurred on by the 
promise of "easier" sex and a relaxed 
social climate, are confused when 
women don't share their attitudes. 
"They cannot as easily as in the past 

explain their failure by chastity 
[which was the norm], and are apt 
to experience some sense of inade- 
quacy or rejection." Often they 
attempt to deflect these feelings back 
to women. Still, the women Ms. 
Komarovsky interviewed were more 
likely to reject casual sex and attempt 
to build friendly relationships with 
men before engaging in sex. 

Male students exert one type of 
pressure, but sometimes peer pressure 
played a role as well. "Most people 
won't jump on someone whose 
reasons are religious," remarked a 
student in "Women in College. " "But 
if a woman expressed just a moral 
compunction, then other women will 
most likely argue and attempt to 
convince her that sexual relations 
with a boyfriend are not immoral. 

"The variation of sexual norms 
confront(s) the individual with 
moral choices," Ms. Komarovsky 
writes. "Those fully integrated into 
a group of like-minded friends en- 
joyed the security of ... a consen- 
sus." However, notes the author, 
this did not always solve problems if 
a person had friends outside the peer 
group with different attitudes. "For 
some," she says, "this confusion 
created a tormenting problem of 
choice. Even the degree of 
sanctioned communication about 
sex varied enough to generate stress." 

During a discussion with a group 
of students from this campus, one 
Agnes Scott student echoed that 
sentiment. "When I came here, I 
expected it to be a lot more 
closemouthed than it is about sex. 
You walk down the hallway, you can 
hear people talk — talk loudly. Not 
necessarily about their [experiences] 
but about the sexual issue in general. 
Nobody's concerned about whether 
you hear or not. It's a funny issue, I 
guess, and a lot of people laugh and 
they like to talk about it." Her dis- 
comfort was clearly evident as she 
continued to explain her disap- 
proval. "I'm from a small southern 
town. If sexual things go on, they 
stick out of the rug. In high school, 
we had maybe one or two girls who 
were known to be sexually active." 

118 FALL 1987 

Other students may feel that their 
more experienced peers are the best 
source of information regarding sex. 
Mary Lu Christiansen, a certified 
nurse-practitioner who attends to 
students at the College's health 
clinic, admits it is sometimes an 
uphill battle for them to gain stu- 
dents' trust. "Maybe one of the fears 
is that everybody is going to assume 
that you're sexually active [if you ask 
about sex]," she says. "The value 
judgments that their parents and 
teachers instill might make them 
assume that anyone over college age 
won't understand." 

"I'm close to my mother," says one 
Agnes Scott student. "But her at- 
titudes and belief systems are so dif- 
ferent from mine. She was reared in 
a small town in Mississippi. Pre- 
marital sex, 77131 mother?" the student 
asks rhetorically. 

Says another, "My parents have a 
different attitude about my brothers 
having sex than about me having 
sex. They realize when they say it 
that it sounds stupid, but it's still 
there. [Parents] are not teaching 
sons that they need to be responsi- 
ble. It's still the woman's burden. 
Women are whores if they sleep 
around, men are masculine." For 
more than a few, parents can be a 
source of misinformation regarding 
sex. Some stories are funny, others 
painfully dramatize how little people 
continue to know about sex. 

"My grandmother told my mother 
that she came out of the Sears 
catalog," said one student, laughing. 

Instead, witty, 
sophisticated comedy 
such as that 
honed to an art by 
Tracy and Hepburn 
in the '30s and '40s 
became the norm. 
As for melodrama, 
all bai gins (and 
girls) got their 
comeuppance in the 

Another related how her mother 
explained menstruation. "She told 
me, 'You release this egg and the 
reason it hurts is that it's coming 
down this little tube and it's so tight 
that when it gets down the tube, if 
there's not a sperm right there — 
waiting for it — the egg bursts open 
and blood comes out.'" 

Such tales cry out for the need for 
education. At Agnes Scott, students 
are free to ask for as much informa- 
tion as they desire. "I don't think 
young women can make an intelli- 
gent, rational choice unless they 
have all the information available," 
says Mary Lu Christiansen. "Our 
number one responsibility is educa- 

Some students are very knowledge- 
able about sex when they arrive at 
college, others know little. "I think 
we have a very normal population 
here. Both ends of the spectrum and 
everything in between," says Ms. 
Christiansen. Higher education 

Life magazine 
wrote in 1940, "U.S. 
producers, knowing 
that things banned 
ir)' the Code can 
help sell tickets, 
have been subtly 
getting arour\d the 
Code for years." 
This stiR of "From 
Here to Eternity" 
( 1953) attests to that. 

allows — even encourages — the indi- 
vidual to seek information on her 
own. But some people might ask: 
can we afford to wait until a person 
gets to college to line up their p's 
andq's about sex? 

Part ot the problem is that the 
country can't quite agree when and 
if sex should he discussed in public 
school systems. "Human sexuality is 
a moral issue in every society," Har- 
vard Psychology Professor Jerome 
Kagan told Time magazine. "But 
while some societies have a consen- 
sus on sex, ours doesn't." 

Although surveys show that about 
80 percent of Americans favor sex 
education in public schools, Mary 
Lee Tatum, a sex-education consult- 
ant, said in the same article, "Under 
15 percent of U. S. children get really 
good sex education. We are only 
beginning to institute adequate 

Because of the threat of AIDS, 
Surgeon General C. Everett Koop 
controversially proposed teaching 
about the disease "at the lowest grade 
possible" in an ongoing sex-education 
curriculum. He later clarified that 
grade as three. His proposal came 
from a now- infamous 36-page report 
on AIDS requested by the Reagan 
Administration and released last 
year. "We warn our children early 
about the dangerous consequences 
of playing with matches or crossing 
the street before checking for traf- 
fic," he said upon the report's re- 
lease. "We have no less a responsibil- 
ity to guide them in avoiding behav- 
iors that may expose them to AIDS. 


Most opponents believe that sex 
education as taught now is not used 
to guide students in "avoiding be- 
haviors." What is now considered 
"value-free" instruction includes 
information on homosexuality or 
other alternative lifestyles that rub 
many parents the wrong way. Secre- 
tary ot Education William Bennett 
derisively calls this type ot sex-educa- 
tion the"feel-good philosophy" — 
whatever teels good, do it. 

"Sexual behavior is a matter of 
character and personality we cannot 
be value-neutral about," Bennett 
told the National School Boards 
Association in January. "Neutrality 
only contuses children, and may 
lead them to conclusions we wish 
them to avoid. Sex education courses 
should teach children sexual re- 
straint as a standard to uphold and 

As one grows older, neutrality can 
turn to ambivalence, which tor 
adults can be just as confusing. Dr. 
Rogers believes that Christian theol- 
ogy sees sexual sin not only in terms 
of specific acts, but in terms of how 
people feel about themselves and 
their bodies. 

"We tend to think of sexual sin as 
things we do," she says. "But Chris- 
tian theology, while quite aware 
that sin expresses itself in acts, sees 
it as so much deeper than that. 

"Sin is the condition of aliena- 
tion," she explains. Sexual sin can 
be seen as alienation from oneself. 
"It's making my body, which is sex- 
ual, into an object that's apart from 

For perennial good- 
girl Doris Day, sex 
was forever a sticky 
subject. Here, in a 
scene from "Pillow 
Talk (1959), "an 
irate Rock HiiJson 
barges into her 
bedroom. The 
epitome of 1950s 
virility, Hudson 
died of AIDS in '85. 

me. 1 can use it as a pleasure 
machine and sex becomes recre- 
ational. Or, I can see my body as a 
threat to the rationality and spiritu- 
ality that is me and so I repress my 
body and teel guilty about it. 

"Either way," Dr. Rogers con- 
cludes, "I'm making my body some- 
thing ditterent from the real me. 
This is sin as alienation from the 
bodily wholeness that God has 
created." The sexual explicitness 
and freedom that occurred in the 
'60s and '70s challenged prior as- 
sumptions about human sexuality 
and its relationship to God. In an 
article published in The Christian 
Century, Dr. James B. Nelson, 
writes, "While the recent sexual 
revolution often seemed more intent 
on selt-tultillment through unfet- 
tered pleasure than on the quest for 
intimacy, it did prompt new theolog- 
ical reflection on the spiritual signifi- 
cance of sexual hunger. 

"Theology has been giving new 

B)' the late '60s 
the Production Code 
had vanished, a 
victim of the emerg- 
ing permissiveness 
of the decade. 
In 1969, audiences 
U'ere titilLited by Ann 
Bancroft's seduction 
ofDustin Hoffman in 
"The Graduate. " 

attention to the insight that sexual- 
ity is crucial to God's design that 
creatures not dwell in isolation and 
loneliness but in communion and 

Becoming fearful to tread 

While some may argue that the 
pendulum is swinging the other way 
in terms of casual sex, another more 
chilling and odious signal to the end 
of sex for sex's sake is Acquired Im- 
mune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS 
has made sexual freedom the inti- 
mate equivalent of a minefield in 
the '80s — one misstep could end a 

Unfortunately, administrators 
realize that the last group to grasp 
the significance of that fact are col- 
lege students. Said one UCLA stu- 
dent in Time magazine, "I've been 
in situations where it's fun and you're 
at the point where you're so aroused, 
you're not going to want to stop. 
You're not thinking five years down 
the line, you're thinking now." An 
Agnes Scott junior concurred. 
Would the threat of AIDS make her 
think twice before having sex with 
someone she doesn't know too well? 
"I think the physical want for sex 
overrides that," she says. "It could 
happen to you, but you think you're 

The denial and feelings ot immor- 
tality of youth are what college 
health officials are attempting to 
fight on their campuses. Some 
schools, such as Berkeley, Dartmouth 
and Rutgers, have passed out safe-sex 

120 FALL 1987 

kits to students. At Columbia Uni- 
versity the graphic, clinical language 
of its 30-page pamphlet on sate sex 
gets the facts across clearly, with "no 
room tor contusion," according to 
Time magazine. 

At Agnes Scott, the health center 
has pamphlets prominently displayed 
for students' perusal on topics from 
AIDS and other sexually-transmitted 
diseases (STDs) to birth control 
methods. Shortly before the last 
term ended. Dr. William Budell, 
staff physician at Emory University 
Student Health Center, was invited 
to speak to the College community 
about the threat of AIDS. "AIDS 
and sexually transmitted diseases 
continue to touch the lives of an 
ever increasing number of young 
adults," wrote Director of Student 
Health Pat Murray in a College-wide 
memo. "We as a college community 
must openly and honestly deal with 
these issues. With this in mind, I 
encourage you to attend this pro- 

Health services officials here hope 
to do even more next year to educate 
students about the dangers of AIDS 
and other STDs. "Part of our role as 
health practitioners is to be their 
advocate and help them in any part 
of the health process [including edu- 
cation]," says Mary Lu Christiansen. 

Dr. Budell's presentation was met 
with very straightforward and inci- 
sive questions from students about 
AIDS, for which a cure has not yet 
been found. "It's not sex that causes 
AIDS," he told his audience. "It's 
having sex with someone who has 
the virus." 

The HIV (human immunodefi- 
ciency virus) seeks out T-4 lympho- 
cytes — the center of the body's im- 
mune defense system. The T-4 
coordinates the immune activities of 
white-blood, antibody producing 
cells and the like. The T-4's destruc- 
tion leaves the body unable to cope 
with very common and otherwise 
non-lethal infections, according to 
Dr. Budell. The T-4 is the achilles 
heel of the human immune system. 

The only effective way for people 

not to become infected with the 
\'irus, which is known to be trans- 
mitted only through bodily fluids 
like blood and semen, is through 
abstinence or safe sex. Since no one 
foresees mass abstinence in the near 
future, colleges hope to educate 
their students on the importance of 
choosing sexual partners wisely. 

That is proving to be no easy task. 
"It's hard enough for health educa- 
tors to teach this age group to teach 
each other about using contracep- 
tion," says Jeffrey M. Gould, a 
member of the American College 
Health Association's AIDS Task 
Force, in a recent Chronicle of 
Higher Education article. "If it's 
impossible to talk about contracep- 
tion, how much more impossible to 

Films like "Love 
Story" (1970) broke 
down the last 
barrier in films. 
The frank iise of 
four-letter words 
in Erich Segal's 
collegiate tear-jerker 
was novel for 
its time. Underneath 
it all, however, the 
movie was strictly 
1940s melodrama. 

talk about past sexual history?" he 
asks. Says another health educator 
in the same article, "We know from 
working with college students that 
while they're very bright and very 
intelligent, they don't know how to 
translate what they learn about 
AIDS into the way they live." 

"Their ignorance may come in 
assessing their own risk," says Agnes 
Scott's Pat Murray. "This is not just 
a gay men's disease." 

Love carefully. "That's a message 
that is hard to hear in our times," 
Isabel Rogers told the young women 
she faced here at Agnes Scott, many 
just contemplating the intricacies of 
sex and intimacy for the first time. 
"It points to a complete reversal of 
the sexual liberation of the 1960s. 

'A majority of people will find 
some time in their life the deep inti- 
macy of sexual intercourse, so love 
carefully is the word for that. Not 
just because of fear of AIDS — 
though that's real and valid, but 
mainly because of the way God has 
created us. 

"I believe God intends tor us to 
use [sexual] union not for fleeting 
contact . . . but for the kind of 
union in which you give yourselves 
to each other in long-term, intimate 
sharing. The deepest physical inti- 
macy is only part of that larger shar- 
ing of all levels of life, that sharing 
of responsibility and continuing car- 
ing over a long lifetime," she says. 

Ironically, the spread of AIDS is 
forcing people to reexamine how 

they should become more responsi- 
ble — to themselves and to their 
partners. Monogamous relationships 
are coming back into vogue as AIDS 
insidiously weaves itself into the 
fabric of an already knotty sexual 
landscape. What most health care 
officials hope is that the process of 
self-examination does not take too 
long. Their main concern is that 
young people start to understand 
that the very things that make bur- 
geoning adulthood vital and excit- 
ing — openness to alternatives and 
experimentation — may signal the 
beginning of the end for a new gener- 
ation of young adults. 



Gala inaugurates 

In the weeks leading up to 
the Centennial Campaign 
kickoff, the excitement was 
almost palpable. The kickoft 
to Agnes Scott's largest fund- 
raising campaign began with 
a gala dinner on Sept. 22 at 
Atlanta's Commerce Club. 
The campaign goal is $35 
million. Of this amount, the 
administration has earmarked 
$17.9 million toward the 
academic program and endow- 
ment, $15 million for campus 
improvements and $2.1 million 
for annual operating funds. 

Board of Trustees Chairper- 
son L. L. Gellerstedt, Jr. 
admits the amount is "ambi- 
tious" when the size of Agnes 
Scott is compared to that of 
Emory and Georgia Tech and 
their campaign goals. "But 
there isn't any question in 
my mind that we'll make it, " 
he says. 

Agnes Scott already boasts 
one of the largest endowments 
per pupil in the country. So 
why the additional funds? 
"Unlike other small liberal 
arts institutions who will 
most likely struggle through 
1990 just to maintain the 
status quo, Agnes Scott is in 
a principal position — partly 
because of our endowment 
and partly because of our 
heritage as a quality institu- 
tion — to continue its distinc- 
tive role as a college for 
women in its next century," 
says President Ruth Schmidt. 
The administration hopes 
that a seven-point academic 
plan with an emphasis on 
fine arts, writing, interna- 
tional awareness, physical 
activities, transmission and 
formation of values, science 
education, women's studies, 
and writing will insure the 

5.2.1M Annual 

$15M Campus 

$ 17. 9M Academic 

College's distinction. The 
plan was developed and 
unanimously endorsed by the 
faculty last year. 

"Our ability to become an 
even more outstanding in- 
stitution hinges on raising 
the money to underwrite 
these programs," says Presi- 
dent Schmidt. "We also want 
to continue to meet 100 per- 
cent of student's financial aid 
needs in an era in which re- 
ductions in federal aid pose a 
threat." A $3 million scholar- 
ship goal included in campaign 
planning would make this 

Sometime in early 1988, 
the dust will begin to settle as 
contractors finish the last of 
the major campus improve- 
ments. The new physical 
activities building will be 
completed and two existing 
buildings, the Bucher Scott 
Gymnasium and Walters 
Infirmary will be transformed 
into the Wallace M. Alston 
Campus Center. Already 
finished are the track and 
field, renovations of Agnes 
Scott, Inman, Rebekah Scott 

and Walters Halls and Evans 
Dining Hall, and the newly 
landscaped George and Irene 
Woodruff Quadrangle, dedi- 
cated September 26. 

College officials borrowed 
more than $18 million to 
finance these improvements. 
"We believed it was finan- 
cially astute to borrow the 
money rather than waiting to 
raise funds and allowing build- 
ings to deteriorate further," 
says the president. "We wanted 
to offer tine residence halls 
and facilities to students. 
Before the renovations, some 
residence halls were a negative 
factor in recruiting students, 
rather than the positive one 
they are now. " 

The campaign will move 
through three stages. The 
first will concentrate on 
major gifts, the cornerstone 
being a $14 million bequest 
to the College by George W. 
Woodruff. Any amount above 
$50,000 is considered a major 

Primary gifts, in the $10- 
49,000 range, follow. And 
mass canvassing by direct 

mail and other means will 
begin during the summer or 
fall of 1988. Gifts to the Col- 
lege can come in various 
forms, including stocks, 
bonds or gifts-in-kind. 
Pledges made to the campaign 
can be paid over a five-year 

Officials hope that there 
will be productive fallout 
from the extensive research 
and effort being put into the 
Centennial campaign. "We'd 
like to establish permanent 
and solid corporate and foun- 
dation support," says Rickard 
B. Scott, vice president for 
development and public af- 
fairs. "Most important, by 
such mass canvassing [of 
alumnae and friends] , the 
College can uncover a whole 
new network and dimension 
of volunteers and financial 

"We can tap the talents 
and resources of lots of people 
out there just waiting to be 
asked," he adds. 

The campaign's theme is 
"keeping the promise." That 
promise was set down by 
Agnes Scott's first chair of 
the board of trustees, 
Dr. Frank Henry Gaines, 
during the first year of the 
institution. He envisioned 
Agnes Scott possessing "a 
liberal curriculum fully abreast 
of the best institutions of this 

"Our task is to fulfill the 
promise to women who will 
live most of their lives in the 
21 St century, " says President 
Schmidt. "Agnes Scott must 
provide an education that is 
appropriate to their needs — 
just as it has for women of the 
19th and 20th centuries." 

A successful Centennial 
campaign will achieve those 
goals and help insure that 
Agnes Scott remains a vital 
and productive institution for 
years to come. 

122 FALL 1987 


Fall Annual Fund 
drive gets underway 

The Office of Development 
plans a big year, says Mary 
Ann Reeves, the new director 
of development. 

An October phonathon for 
the Annual Fund will begin 
the fall calendar and Parent's 
Day will he November 7. 
"Parents are invited to come 
to Agnes Scott to see what's 
happening on campus and 
what their daughters are 

doing. They'll have a chance 
to see new buildings and 
other changes, " says Ms. 

Campus improvements are 
part of the Centennial cam- 
pus being readied for the 
College's big birthday in 
1989. The Annual Fund 
provides for the day-to-day 
College operations and al- 
though last year was a record 
one for the fund, it still fell 
short of the goal. "Obviously, 
we had hoped for a higher 
percentage of alumnae giving 
than 39 percent," says Dr. 

Rickard Scott, vice president 
for development and public 
affairs. This year the develop- 
ment office hopes to raise 
$450,000 from alumnae with 
45 percent participation. 

"Our number one goal is to 
add an Annual Fund direc- 
tor," says Ms. Reeves. This 
person would educate alum- 
nae, friends and parents about 
the fund — what it is, why it's 
important. "The Annual 
Fund is ongoing and impor- 
tant every year," she says. 
"We want people to be aware 
of that. 

"Any gilts to the Fund will 
also be credited to the An- 
nual Fund component of the 
Centennial Campaign," she 

In addition to monetary 
goals, Ms. Reeves says she 
hopes to start a newsletter on 
taxes and financial planning 
tor interested individuals. 
She also wants to create an 
investment planning seminar 
tor women in the spring, 
perhaps in conjunction with 
the Alumnae Association. 

The scramble is on 
in renovated Evans 
Dining Hall 

Cafeteria style is out. "Mod- 
ified scrambled" is in. For 
those who like their eggs over 
easy without having to wait 
behind someone who prefers 
theirs with a side of bacon, 
the remodeled dining hall will 
be just the ticket. 

Modified scrambled serving 
areas are designed "so that if 
you only want a soup and 
salad, you can go directly to 
that area, bypass the rest and 
walk out," explains Vice 
President for Business and 
Finance Gerald O. Whit- 
tington. Cafeteria style slows 
the line because diners must 
walk by every single menu 
item offered to get what they 

Mr. Whittington expects 
initial confusion as students 
learn where to turn for what, 
but he believes that in the 
long run, they'll like it much 
better. "There were always 
complaints about slowness 
around peak times," he says. 
And "the nature and variety 
of offerings will be greatly 

Not only the serving area 
was spruced up. In the 
kitchen, gleaming new 
ranges, freezers and holding 
bins replace old equipment in 
place since the 1950s. The 
vaulted ceiling was lowered 
and the long pendulum light 
fixtures — prone to catching 
dust that could fall in food — 
were supplanted by brighter 
fluorescent lighting. A sleek 
fire-suppression system over 
the grill area completes the 

The facelift also includes 

new windows and flooring in 
the main dining hall. Seating 
by the windows will be par- 
titioned to provide meeting 
areas or quiet mealtime con- 
versation. Both the main 
room and the faculty/staff 
dining room have new paint. 
Architects created a presiden- 
tial dining room from a former 
cloakroom situated at the 
front of the building. 

The project was delayed a 
year or two, according to Mr. 
Whittington, "because there 
wasn't the time to do it during 

the summer, and we couldn't 
do it when the students were 
here." Summer conferences 
on campus often intervened, 
but this year the City of 
Decatur allowed College 
personnel to use the kitchen 
facilities at Decatur High 
School to serve meals to 
conference participants in 
Rehekah Hall dining Room. 
Jack Bailey and Associates 
served as architects for the 
$600,000 renovation, and 
Joseph Comacho consulted 
on the kitchen design. 


Agnes Scott College 
Decatur, Georgia 30030 


Nonprofit Organization 



Decatur, GA 30030 

Permit No. 469 

* t * 

Who is this woman? 
Check out the centerfold 
to find out. 

009041 iFER 








■' fiwall^ "^ 


Do Not Take From This Roam 


Scott College HAS 





Now, Lit a time when 
nianv nrher women's 
ciilleges are ahandoninK 
their original mission, 
Agnes Scott holjs tirmly 
to its vision: to educate 
women who make a 
difference in the world. 

The College was 
founded on this promise. 

So that we may keep 
our promise to students 
ot the future, the College 
is undertaking a capital 
tundraising effort the 
scope of which is unpre- 
cedented in its history. 
The Centennial Cam- 
paign for Agnes Scott 
College seeks to raise 
$35 million. 

Of that total, $17.9 
million will support pro- 
grams in the tine arts, 
international studies, 
physical activities, trans- 
mission and lormation 
of values, women's 
science education, com- 
puter technology, the 
study of women, writing, 
and academic services. 

Another $15 million 
will go toward maintain- 
ing and updating our 
exceptionally lovely 

campus: reno\'ating 
three residence halls, 
landscaping, creating 
a new campus center 
from existing huildings, 
and constructing a new 
gymnasium. Finally, 
$2.1 million in annual 
fund contributions 
will holster day-to-day 
campus operations. 
The Centennial 
Campaign demonstrates 
Agnes Scott's commit- 
ment to women who 

will li\'e most ot their 
lives in the 21st century. 
Agnes Scott must provide 
an education that sup- 
ports their talents, 
dreams, and amhitions — 
just as it has for women 
of the 19th and 20th 
centuries. That is our 
goal. That is our promise. 


the centennial 

campaign for 

agnes scott