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Full text of "A Guide to German Literature : or, Manual to facilitate an acquaintance with the German classic authors"


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Ua» inbllit flrtlioi iiic bii iiUlt' «ipf<l tl''" : 
CU 1.1>1«l eipf'l. »l< in B-'l-'uft »"f*»"mm« 
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fMtr to «ral. H. 

u flgoRi u« printed » 

cungiy' notlct onlj will be foui 


A^iBXiB 437 

EtrStifct . 437—439 

AuAxiE T. Sachseit . 264 

Akitdt, Ed. M. . . 191 

©rt ©nitft^n Satn= 

fanb . . . 192—194 

Abndt, Joh. . . . 490 

Abniu . . . 368. 442 

£ier toitt SiuMlibe . 3&4 

Silt voirintm ©tf&ng: 

niffe . . . 377,-378 



(see OrUtt) 

AUTEEirBBKO . . . 263 

AuiTEMBIETH . . . 515 

Baoobsett, Jens. . 
Bahbdt, Kahl F. 
Babthold, T. W. 
Basedow . . . 
Baveb, Bbcko 
Battbbkteld, E. . 
BkVUiSS, J. . . 
Battb, G-ebskal . 
Bechstetn . . , 
gifdildn im 91^ 
Beoe, Eabl . . 
Beceeb, K. F. . 1- 
Bekeeb .... 




Bebohaus, Db. . . 480 

BEBEELET . . 493,-494 

Dow. 107 

Bebnhabdy . . . 288 
Bettiha ton Abniic 442 
Bibchofe . . . .615 
Bltihatteb .... 440 

BOHlEtf 498 

BOHK, H 65 

BOHBINOEB, F. . . 477 


BoBNE, LUDWIO . . 240 

Boos, Mabiin suo 

BOTEIOEB , . 132. 477 

BBACHUAini, LriBE . 443 
Sotumbui . . 444—447 
Bbandes, H. W. . . 615 
Beentauo, Exbh. 352. 442 
Bbentaso, Sophie . 442 
Bbonn, H. G. . . . 515 

Bdebde 212 

BiniBEif, Chetaueb . 480 

BifBOEB . . . 213. 287 

Bdbkhabdt . . . 479 
buttuann .... 515 
btboh, lobd !63 

OALDBBOir . . 289. 303 

Cahtbili, J. F. 


[ TO TOL, n. 





FEcmrBB, Pbof. . . 441 

Chamisso . 122. 28S 



XuS ^Mn SSc^i^l 


f EBOB 61 

SSinter . . . 


Feuebbach, Ludwio 500 

3ia9if4e ®efcWt( 

, — 

FlOHTB, J. G. . . . 

8rif<%fum)en . . 


378. 489. *92, 496, *97,-498 

Chabibs, Aechditke 


riLMOBB .... 122. 138 

Chableb AuciTiBTtra 


FiaoHEH, E. G. . . 515 

ooLEEinai . . . 


FOBBTEB, Fb. . . . 478 

COLLIF . . . . , 


Forerl, De ia Mottb 



338. 382 



iOer ®t(sel(rani . . 340 

OZEBBKI . . . 


®«IW 351 

etbeni iKTbfUieb . . 352 

DANTE .... 


Fbahkb 490 

Dadmib . . . 


Fbankl 264 

DrSDOH* . . . 


®nmb int MnbadH . 266 

DiTTMAB, H. . . 


Fbedbbick II. (Tm 

DdDEBLEUr . . . 


Gbeat) .... 492 

DdBUTa .... 

66. 9<i 

Frbdebi€k III. . . 

DbOTSEK, J. Cr. . 


411. 497. SOI 

DULLEB, Ed. . 264 


Fbbdebick rV. . SIS. 480 
EBEE CEttBCBEa . . 501 

Bbeehakd . 


Fbeilihbath, F. . . 237 

Ebbbt .... 


eaiMnritt . . 288,-239 



Fbies 496 

xnt mat . . . 


3idiu« uiU) ffioagM''* 

EmSIKDEL . . . 



19. 21 

bllbshsbx, eabl of 


Gagern, Baboh . . 478 



Gaete 240 

Ehqel .... 


Gatot, F. B. ton . 239 

Bit euc>3Xtt^»cn 

Gbibel, C 240 


iOwe^nuri ... 268 

Eeabutb . . . 



Ebnst, Pedtz 




Gbbhaedt .... 490 

Etbabd .... 


Gbsehtus . . . .515 
Geboeee, a. . . . 476 

Faust, Johamh 





G-LABBBEKITEB . . . 441 

GvELiK, Chbibtias , 515 

C^OCKIHOK .... 213 

GoETHB 19. 91. 95—169. 

306. 243. 2iS. 272,-273. 2^7. 

US. 48D 

eflnwnt . . 108—120 
gau|l . . . 120—148 
ffi%I)iiaSeifter 148—153 
tUtrntOt gttdie . 158—155 

j sttttH estiot . . 

il@(fnnbtn . . . 
'AlDtt gif*n . . 
\ ®inijtn b. Stcnfd)^ 

atat^ . . . 



Sragmeittt in^>rofa uitb 
^totiie . . 162—169 
e<t)Iiippottif . . .170 

OOUIBHI'TE . . . 102. 2S0 
GOSBITBB .... 500 
GOTTHBtF, JeBIHU. . 441 
GOTTtIK& . . , . 477 
GrOTTBOHBD .... 10] 

Gbabbb, Chbibtiak . 269 

Sun . . . 259,-260 
E^BU'LPABZXB . . . 263 

3»no einb ... 264 
Sbooi, Gsbbusbk . 423 

Xw SSolf nnb ta 
Wteafiii .... 424 

^n« in mi^i 426—432 
GBirtT, Ahabtabitb . 233 

Z)a Utitt IDiditR . . 234 

eSfOUtt etanbbOb . 236 

Gbukxibeit .... 224 
Gtjebikb . . . .477 
Q^TITZKOW, Kaxl . . 240 

Haqeh 477 

HaOEHBACH 477. 494. SOO 
Hahn Hahm, Ida 
Gbutk . . 448. 4«o 
Xm St^ . . 448.-449 

Haxleb 493 

Halm, Fb. .... 263 
Hanke, Hekbikite . 449 
Habdekbebo (see 

babe, abchseacok 465 
HABiNa (see Alexis) 
Habhs, Cia-irs . . 499 
HABTUAinr, K. . . 516 
Habb 477 


Haott, Wilh. 32*. 441 
Hatebkick: .... 600 

Hebel 198 

■DreBinttt ... 199 
XUin unb ®aif . . 200 
nnglAdberetoHSctbcn 202 
<Sutt eetwlb . 204,-205 
. 464 
496. 498 
. 240 
179. 18t 
. 600 

. 271.499 

Hesel 469. 492. 
Heikb, Heinbich 


Hebdeb . . . 

102. 104. 270,-271 

Hebhanh . 

TTtb-M I'-'* . 

HiBWEoa, Q. 

Heybe 515 

HiPPEL 279 

fattif^tttfctt 280—282 




HiTZIQ .... 285. SS2 

Klbiht, H. vow 254. 285 


2)a< lerttctoril) wn 

LEBaLEBEK . . .239 

eocatno . . 254—258 

HOFTMAJIK, Fb. . . 515 

Klemm, O-cbtat . . 477 

HoFFUANN, Theodob 285 

ELinaEUANM . . . 263 

HoLDEKLIN . . . .213 

KiraoEK, Mai. ton . 258 

HoLfiEB 515 

KXOPSTOCK .... 99 

HOMBE .... lOS. 301 

KuAPP, Albbbt . . 224 

HoTiwAiii . , lOT. 263 

Kmiqge 441 

HxJLLMABM, K. D. . 477 

KwoEEiNO, Sophie t. 449 

Humboldt, Alei. t. 478 

Kaifio 442 

Xnt ^panjHimudiS in 

KoHi 480 

ben5Erop<n . . .480 

KopisoH, A. . . . 239 


KoBNBB, Theodob . 179 


%at [eintn ffirieftn . 183 

HUSIBOLDT, W. T. 91. 480 

2)aS ®(i)>i)«tlieb . . 185 

HUUX 49* 

SSunbe§Ueb . . .188 

©ttirt DOT bcr e^Ajt 

Jaoobi 104. 271. 496. 499 


@ott unb bn mn^ 



Ma^f .... 185 

Jacobs, Feiedbich . 417 

KOBTTM, Fe. . . . 477 

Jahn 515 

KOBEGABTEH- . . . 212 

Jean PArt (see Mch- 

KOTZEBrB . 1«2. 244. 289 


auB ©uflflo aSafa . 247 

Ifplamt* . . . 104. 243 

MbbQtlaf) . . 251—253 

iMMEKMAIOf, K. 258, 263 

Kbajs, Jnura . . . 224 

JuNe (see SHlKng) 

Zbummacheb, F. a. 418 


X>ic @^f(l)tn . . 419 

£it g]!co«raft . . .420 

KaKT 380. 489. 492. 494. 

£te IB&umt m ^axofi 


biefce .... 421 

Sritil in: praftifdfeen 

iDa« Jtinb bn fRoxm 

t)e<:)t9teit . . 422,-423 

Kabsoh, Luise . . 449 

Ketimmaoheb, F. W. 

Kebnee . . . 222. 22+ 

418. 500 

0tttle S^tSntn . . 222 

KiiHHB 442 

Suntf 223 

■KUt eautt . . .224 

Lachmanm, K. H. . 477 

KiKB 262 

Latobtaike . . . 417 


Lahs£, Pet. 


Labqbein .... 282 

SDie SMttl unb i^ 

Ainber . . 282,-283 

LArsB, H. . . 240. 354 

LaTATBR 10*. 107. 385 

Leibnitz . 489, *9i,-«2 

lEIPZIO FAIB . 133. 514 

LeiaiiwiTz .... 254 

LssAr . . . 122. 239 

Lkkgbhkb . . . . W8 

Lehz .... 102.262 

Leo, Heutrioh . . 465 

Xam SBm. I. 466—469 

Leokhabd, K. C. ton 515 


Lkwau *i2 

LuEBie, JUSTT7S . . 515 

LT8CO 500 

roCKB 494 

LuBEN, Heineich . 476 

LcBTnal 240 


497. 499.- 601 



MiHXMAMIT .... 218 

Maititz 263 

Makheineee . . . 477 

Maetits, Ph. . . . 479 

Matthxb 515 

Matthibbos, Pe.t. 195.2011 

Jtaifre mat auf ba 

©emfiiflflb . . .195 



Opfniifb . 


Mautilion . 


Matib . . 




KO'CAri,, DB. 



Mbbold, K. a. . . 4,76 
Meinhoij), WiiH. . 442 
Meissnxb .... 441 
Melahchtov 490 

MEtTBEI^SBOHir . , 305. 411 

Mssz£L, K. A. 476 

Me5z£l, WoiroAsa 

91. 315. 47S. 492. 514 
Meeoe .... 103. 132 
Ketteentoh, Prince . 304 

M1CHAELI8 . . . . 5IS 
MOLLEB, J. . . . . 477 

MoBiEE, £ 224 

3n btt Scfi^ . . .225 

MOBITZ, B. P. 270 

MoaoHziBKEB, r. A. . 432 
MoSEH, JuLitrs . . 264 
MircHLEE, Kabl . . 213 

MuLLEE, AdAU 304 

MijLLBB,r.(derMaler) 213 


MirLLEB, JoH. T. . 51. 453 

Sotob . . 464—463 

HliLLEB, Kicus 172. 224 

9«im ecQcn btr tUba 172 

3n bn Stmc . . . 226 

MiiLLEB, WlLHELH . 213 
MiJLLIIEB . . 262, 263 
MuNGHHArSEN . . 441 

MuHDT, Theodob . . 240 

MUBAtIB . . . 244. 395 

tfgnitie oon aUbtjul}! 

KAKlLEOK . 191. 290. 454 
Kaubebt, Benedicte 449 

IfEANSSB . 477. 498. SOO 
NeBB 493 

NsrsEOEEB • . . 477 

r:„i- :i-,G00tjl>J 


. 516 

.' 476 


Nbtjmaiw, Wilh. . 477 
hewtok, ibaao . . 493 

NlOOLAI . . 411. 417. 490 

NiEBrHB,B.G. 46S. 464. 4T7 

If ITZSOH 600 

NoTALia , 302. WW. 378 
X)ie asat^ bcr ZH^tn 379 
£« Sngel beS SErDftet 881 


Okbn, J. . . 


Pabbow . . 

Paul I., Czar 



Fetzholdt, Axex. 

Pfister, J. C. 

Pfizeb . . 

PicHLEB, Kabolute . 447 

Platen, Count . . .260 

ioos beg epriltri 261,-262 

PLATO 299 

Plasz, H. G. . . . 477 
Ptbkeb, Archbp. . . 213 

Babeneb .... 490 
Bahbl ton Ense . . 449 
Eauiund, r. ... 264 
Banes . . . 453. 469 
^JopftfiSrtirtV. 470-476 
Bauueb, Pk. t. . . 476 
Eaupach .... 268 


EsHPrBS 442 

Eehm, r 477 

ExiMABUB . . . .493 

Eeinice 240 

BeLLSTAB, LvDV. 363 


Benqseb, J. B. ' . . 479 
BiOHTEB, Jean Paul 

269. 354 
VM >^pcnil . . . 273 
Xit Sltiqa^na^ etne* 
UtifltMliAtn . . . 274 
2)U Vufnftetiung 276—279 
BrprxB, Eabl . . . 479 



B0UI8U CHUBCH . 499. 501 

EONBE 601 

EOSENEBANZ . . . 122 

Eo8T 515 

EuCKEBT, Fb. . 227. 260 

SMt fbrbtnbc fiSIumt . 228 
SSaIcmonn.b.eS&maiiit 230 
XII«nntfml ®rab(i(l) . 281 
Utfpruna bcc KoTc • 232 
Smi . . . 232,-233 
^Ut &tf<i0fi . . .462 


Bttpbbti 515 

8ALI8 205 

©ai®Mtt . . . 206 

30>enbf(^nfud)t . . 207 

Sr^linseiul) . 208,-.2O9 

Sans 24S 

Saphib 440 

Sabtobiub, E. W. C. 499 
Saxb Weikab, Omad 

Duke of 104 

ScHEFEB, Leop. . . 239 



4Bg. 492. i96. 498,-409. | 

sohenk t. sokebken- i 

sobf 194 





SCHILLEB 8—62. 104,-lOS. 

- t07,-IOS. 121. 173. 180. 103. 

195. 206. 242,-243. 258. 272 

BSoHmftrin . . 3—19 
fRotta etuart . 19—38 
3Mc 3un#iiii sen 

CtUani . . . 38—50 
aStOKlm ZtU . . SI— 60 

30\li.i}x. SriegeS" 61—65 
SiiM e<td)cnfi^afit . 66 
£«aS@IMu.b.aBri<^ 69 
jDct Uptnjdflet ... — 

|J3)ad£inb in ba jQtcgc 72 

il an ittt as^fttfet . , — 

iXbfi^b DOtn etfffi . . 92 
ScHitLina, F. G-. 288. 441 

SCHLE&EL, .AdOLFH . 2911 

19. 51. 286. 299. 316 
I lion beinAtafTifd)en utib 
I Stomanrtfdwn 293—298 

<&u griM ©cfo^ . 298 

I 80. 104. 2Se. 288. 290. 299. 

87B,-S79. 4S8 
! (T^atttriftil Ui nttxa 

Zt^mtm. 306—311 

Xn bit Dtdrtttin . .311 

, ScabtnlmnHlb . . S12 

' Cie ^igeSdcttit 312,-313 

: eattimtn . . . .314 

8CBLEIESMA0H£B . . 499 
SCHLOBSSB, F. Ch. 4S3.468 
|S0HLO8SEB, J. 6-. . .103 


SoHxiD, Chbibtoph t. 482 
!DIt IBmtarfn . 432,-433 
Xue tofttorc XtioUrin 433 
Ca« Slid) o^iu Bu^ 

ftabra .... 434 
Z>u nvOt 8tci(Tdao(pt 

SCHHITZ, Dr. ... 445 
80HOPB(fHAnEB, JoH. 449 

ScHOHK, W. ■ . . 477 
ScHrBABT, Dakiel . 173 
Zxt (K>i0( Subt . . 174 


SCEUBABTH, L. . 128. 515 

SCHULZK . . . 107. 213 

Schwab 219 

eutKt^ mm Sato 219—222 


boott, wai.txb . m6-7. 448 

Seuhe 262 


102. 10^. lis. 2S9. 288. 316 

SiMEOCK, Kabl . . 239 
spikbleb .... 441 
Spittleb .... 478 
btael, hadahb be 

19. 289. 290,-291. 382 
STSOEMAinr . . . 194 
Hteffbnb, Heisbich 441 
Stebsbebq .... 442 

8TEBBE 280 

Stiebbitz 493 

SriBfuiTz, H. . . . 240 


STtTTBB, A, ... 442 


msEx TO Toi. n. 


STittiKe, Seins. 102. 416 
Stolbeb»,F.L.£ Chb. lu 

StBADBS, DA.TXD F. 407. 500 

STBAras, Gbkhaed . 442 


O? THE . . 213—226 
SoaKum, J. G-. . . . 515 
Sttgdenboko, 1mm. 501 

Thtebsoh sis 


ThOLDOK . 477. 497. 500 

Thomasiitb .... 490 
THiiuHEL .... 284 
TiECK 286. 139, 302. 814. 

338. STS. 449 
Ku*1)rmj3tt6inD317— 336 
itw @tcme unb b« 
aSanbnrtmottn . . 836 
grfi^Iiitfl .... 337 

TiEDGE, Ch. AOftUBT 209 

JCuS Urania . 209—212 
ToPFEB, Kabl ... 264 
TacHmi . . . , 51. 479 


UhLabs . . 213. 219. 233 
X)U esangne gluc^ . 214 
Tk£ ®t&i)I>i^n . . 216 
gceit Sunft . . .217 
autttt^fll . . . .218 
SDerpteJCamecab 218,-219 
Ullmann, Kabl . . 477 
union 501 


136. 132 


Vam dbb Teldb . . 436 
Vabhhagek YON Eksb ■ r- 

316. 353. 382 
YaTKE 498 

TAUGEAIf', DB. . . 495. 498 

Vehsb, K 477 

TDLTaIBS . . 102. 462 
Wachsmdth, "W. . . 478 
"Wackbnbodeb . 315. 838 
"Wagner . . . 102. 441 
Waxlensteik.GenebaIi 61 
walpubqib night . 139 

Weisse 270 

WEisariOG, Chb. . 441 
WbbNbb 107. 180. 262, 263 
"Wehbenbebg, t. . . 236 
tSottti gScgtn im iabs 
Ud)en . . 236,-237 
Wettbtein . . . 515 
"Wetzel, F. G. . . 194 | 
"WlEIuLND . . . 10*. 270 i 
"WiEKBABo, LrowiG 240 

"WlLLAMOW .... 2131 
WiNOEELMANN 101. 107. 299 I 

WiBTH, C. A. . . . 476j 

WOLPF, O. L. B. 24^ 

"Wolf, Chb. ton 4S9. 491 


"WiiNSCH 498 

Zedlitz . . . 263,-264 

SBJOKlm Xtd . . . 265 

Zelteb 107| 


■Xbmb . . . 225,-22( 
Zbohokeb . . . 



^art m. 

a mnrj .BB, (contmued). 


Dbahatic Wbitinos: " WalltTufem " "Maria Sflurt;" 
"Die Jungfraii von Orltaiu:" "Die BrmU eon iitt*$inai" 
" WilAeim Ttll;" " Satali and lAtht." Hibtobical 
WoBKS ; " Getchiehte dtr Nitderlande ;" " OeieAieUt da 
drtitxigiSltrigeK Kritg*." Focue: " Bine Ltichtnpkaiiiatie i" 
"Dm Oiaek tmd die Wtitheili" '' Der Alpenjagtr;" "Die 

Worle dee Gtaubaui" "Dae Kind in dtr Wiege" "An die 
Myttiier;" "Wakli" " Die Bvrgeehc^ ;" " Dae Lied mm dtr 

GUKke," &C. tLt, 


3n bag @^tlln& 3n&um. 

bg< tn, tai Kit. 

It, Innit St jili 

Ctur, Vet*) Mn »>ct»a-llglui|-C>tli. 


part Hi. 


WBITIBGS or TEB SXCONV fEBIOS (1790 — 1805). 


" WaHeiutein" ia one of the moat national trage* 
dies in the Gennui language ; the beauty of the 
versification imd the interest of the subject, which 
ie taken from the ' Thirty-yearB' War,' render 
it a noble and truly popular work. The entire 
piece is divided into three distinct plays : first is 
" Walle7tftein'» Lager" (The Camp of Wallenstein), 
which represents the effects of war on the mass of 
the people, and on the army, and forms ui ingenious 
introdnction to the next two pieces, enlivening us 
with admiration for the general who is the bouI 
of the soldiers' conversation, in their sports as well 
aa in their dangers. The second piece ia called the 
" Pieeolotmm." In this the general, for whom we 
have been prepared, appears in person, and unfolds 
the political causes which led to the disaeusions 


4 ddiOltr. [e^iller't aSadtnftein. 

between the chiefs, giving us reason, at the same 
time, to fear the greatest dtmger to himself from 
one whom through a &th in astrology he conaidera 
to he his truest friend. In the third play, " WaUen- 
ttein't Tod" CWallenstein's Death), we see the 
hero of the whole sink with all his fortunes. The 
miHtaiy spirit which pervades the former pieces is 
still well sustained. 

Wallesbtein was fighting in the name of Anstria 
against the nations who were attempting to intro- 
duce the Beformation into Germany, but led away 
by the hope of forming for himself an independent 
power, and evil advised, he seeks to appropriate the 
means which he ought to have employed in the 
public service for hisownambitiouadesigns. General 
OcTATio PiccoLOMiBi, who Opposes his views, not 
out of virtue, but from jeidouay, secretly uses his 
influence among the leaders, and thus prepares 
■Wallenstein's ruin, in which we see him fell. 
A poet such as Schilleb could not be satisfied with 
matter of fact characters : his genius never failed 
to supply him with beings possessed of the highest 
degree of romantic interest. Max Piocolomini, 
OoTATio's son, and Thekla, Walienstein's 
daughter, who pass through all the storms of poli- 
tical passion unchanging in their love and in the 
nobleness of their character, ture the ready creations 
of his poetic genius. The two lovers, in spite of their 
parents, in spite of fate, and of every thing except 


their oTii hearts' love, in the midst of the tumults 
of ambition which prevent the fulfilment of their 
desires here on earth, are nevertheless united in life 
wtd death through that mutual devotedness with 
which nothing ctai interfere. 

We will now give our readers a few scenes. 

The following one is from the FiocOLOUlSl. 
"M"*T has just returned from escorting the princess 
ToxKLA. and her mother to the camp at Pilaen. 
In this, his first appearance, he makes an impression 
upon US which gains our respect, and causes us to 
look forward to his re-appearance. 

fiSij. Or lag btn Jtaifei StUbt mai^ Sotnl 
Den blnf'gfn Sflr&cre s**' iff) ^ mtt gteuben 
%lx'i a$t fBtiUi)ttt, bal Uc !Dt&T) tuiS bTtngt, 
IDai buftigc ^anb bee ntuveiliingtni Sibe. 

0ltaiiio. 9Si{ itnrbbitr? JtSafi benxgtbiififbanf einmal? 

ffl. 3d) t)ab' ben Sncben nit gefe^n? — 34 t)ab' 1^ 
®tfe^« alter Safer/ eben fcmm' idfi — 
Seft eben banon ijtx— tt ffi^e mid) 
t)tt aSeg buti^ e&nbCTf n» b« Stie^ nid)t ^ 
®efoinmen — D I bo* Seben, Sater* 
^t 8tei}e, bie toir nie gefannt — Wx ^ben 
iDe« f(^nen itbtni iU M|le nur 
iBfe ein nmfraenb 8iiubenwl{ bifofirenf 
iOotf in fetn bumpfig engefl @^f gqntfti 
3tn toOlten IDIeer mit niCtften Sitten Vuit, 
Som erofkn tanb nid)ti aU bie Sui^en lennti 
SBo et bie XMeMlanbung nagtn barf. 
fBai in ben innern ZtjUan JCfifUii^ 


6 ^tiiflltr. [ISoOcnftrin. 

©al fianb wrbtegtf o ! baoon — town ift 
Xuf arfyn atibtn Jatirt unS tdifti nrfdiiinen. 

&. (toiit aufmtctfam.) Unb ^tt' eS biefc Strift bic e^ieigt ? 

fSl. (Si mat bie ecfb asufc meiiKe Scbtni. 
€5afl mir/ mat ift btt arbfit 3irt unb ^tUi 
Cti )Mmlui)en> bit mit bie Sueenb fta^tr 
iDaS '^r; mir (be li(0 unb unerqut<tt 
3)en @({jtr ben (eine Silbung nod) sef^fitCet? 
IDenn biefe^ fiogerS I&rmtnbel @en)iU}Ir 
Xm ^ferbe SBie^/ ba ZtompcU ®d)mettenti 
tM iDienftci Imma ^Htg/tfUau U§t, 
3Me SBuffenAbungf bal Qommanbomott — 
iDem -CieTien gibt et nidMr bent letfjienbtn. 
iDk ©eeh fefilt bem nldjtigen ©efdjift — 
S« gibt etn anbnS QlUidt unb anbie Sieubcn. 

10. IBiet Umteft bu auf blefem tur^n ^e> mttn fiSo^ I 

fm. D f^&ner 2ag/ itwnn enblid) tec SSolbot 
3na foben ^eimfetnt/ in bie fRenfi^tdikttf 
ilum fco^ 3ue bie ga^en pd) entfoUcnr 
Unb ^einneirtt fi))I&et bar ^anftt gnebentmorft^ 
iBetin alle {)to fti^ unb .^Itne fd)mMm 
atit gritnen 3Xai'n, bem tc^n 3taub bet ^tlba I 
itM Stjibtt Stfore ge^ aufr nan felbfti 
9ti(^ bie ^arbe braudx fie mttjt ju fpcengen ^ 
IBon anenfd)(n fmb bie BiOe nngg tc^m, 
Son fdebli((ien« bie in bie EAfCe gcftfenr — 
^n tlingl Don aOen ac^fomen bas (Stliatt 
£m Hut' gen Sagei frolje Sefptr f^igenb. 
XuS iDirfnn unb ant Sttibten toimmelnb ftttott 
Sin iau^enb SotC/ mit Uebenb emftgec 
Jubringti^hit btfl .fieewfi gortjug ftinbenA — 
Da fi^fU, ^^ be« nod) etlebten SEag*. 


iDem ^ritnact^rtm Sofin ba @m( bit J^loAt. 
ffifa SranbUng tritt ei in fefn Oigtnt^um, 
2>at Uingfi vnlafl'tKr dn i ntit bnitni Xtfttn 
Z<cdt ifyn Ut Saitm bd fHim SBicbcrfc^r 
Cer fic^ ;u): @att hog,aisa gtgiuistn> 
Unb f(^aiit|aft trict ots 3ung^au i^m entscgni 
iOte «: dn(t an btt Vmmt fBaift oeititf. 
O ! eliicU^' UKOt bium ou^ fi^ tint X^flr> 
eid) jortt Xnne fanft nmftlilinerab tf^n — 

AnMtrniitrs (floJ^ict). £>, b<ifi CHc t»n fo ^nur, 
Unb laijt Mn IDIotstnf nidit von ■^tatt ipnittn 1 

iff. (mit ^>t\tifjUit ft(^ jn i^n uxnUnb.) Sr fbnff iff 
ed)ulb boran, ou I|)r In aBien? — 
34 wilf ^ WE fni g^^ iDiKlluibccs I 
VU td) Dortitn @i< {ttf)m fat); tS prefte 
iDa Uniint^ mfi; bas Snnolb jufammai — 
3^ fdb e«. bif btn gritbtn (inbenif fcl 
2)tr Xcitsn ifPir ber f^ t^wingcn muf. 
Con Si^rftcn nia(l)t i^'fl Scben faiurr mai!^ 
3))ni (^ &(^t ^irnxTi {^ fi^niiit {^ an — 
Sanun ? fSeil on Sucoiu'i etopnn Stften 
3^ me^ UtSt <iU an tin ^or {>tifni eanbtfc 
iDit Cefbeid) mc^ ^t obo: nxnfga — 
3^ ma^ Jl)n jum emptor unbf @on nieiS 1 
3u UMt no<!^ nit^r nxil tr bit @ad)f<cn fi^ntf 
SMm Stinb ffiertrauen ju mwchn fud|t/ 
Xue bo<) bei cinj'et Sea tunt gdebcn i|t t 
X)eiin ^ht bet Arteg fm JEiieee nC<^ fd)on aufr 
So^ fbn Sn^be tanmen ? — ®(^ nur* ge^ t 
SBie id) hot ®ute litbe, ^uf' id) «td| — 
Unb ^ gelob' it^'i aOf e«fin:iten ivill U) 


iDoB U^tt mttoti ^nymi, ttopftimxif' i el)' baf 

3^ atwr ffinen gatt fto^toden foBt ! — (@r flelM ob.) 


iBfertet 2(uftrift. 
eOaUtntfttfn, tnU M ftlbfl ntmb. 
ffiSit'i miflli^ ! Jtinnt' f c^ nii^ mOjc, mie id) nwHte ? 
^UtAf mt^ iucMf wie m{i;'« {Klicbt? 3()) mfi^e 
Die a^ot ootlbrinaen* loeil i(i) flt gttacfet, 
Sit^t bit Berfudjung Don mir BJttB — bag ^txi 
®tni^ mit birftm Srounii anf unamriffe 
erfOOung ^in bie 3XitKI mtr arfportr 
■Dit SBtge blofi mit offen f)ab' ae^joteti ? — 
Srim grofien <Sott bet .^immell ! @C mat TuUfi 
gScin ffimfti M^toffnt ©a^e wai: t6 nit. 
3n bem @eban(en btof de|U( ii^ mit } 
X)ie Stei^eit reigh mid) nnb b<iS SJmntgtn. 
SBkt'4 Vbmiit, an btm ®<ui!ta>ilbe mi^ 
Dtt Wnisttdfeen .^oipiung ju ngfi^? 
JBlieb in b<t SScuft mit nic^ bee SSSillt ftei, 
Unb H i'^ ^^^ I"" P^ 3^ !■■' ®^ 
2>et mir bie SRiii^^t offta ftttS bntu^t ? 
SSo^in bfltn fe^' iff) plEQlid) mid) gef^ ? 
SaI)iiIot liegt't ^inttt mitr unb tint fDtaiui 
Kufi meinen eigmn Staten btiut fic^ auft 
ZKt mit bie Umtt^t t^tonenb ^emmtl 

(6t bicibt tuffianig fbljai.) 
®ttafbac €tfd|etii' fi^ unb l^ tann bie Wtfitlb, 
!S& it^'t wtfuii]en mogr aidi/t uon mit ro&l)tn ; 
3)enn mid) wtflagt btt JDcppetfinn bcS Scbenli 
Unb — felbft bet fnimmen CUitdt ttine 3f)at 


Xai »l>i(tolomim."] Si^mtv. 9 

SBtrb bei Strbaddi fd)Ummbeut(nbf mir wrgifttn. 
SBat id), ttio^ id) geltei in HSfrrit^. 
3<^ ^ttt mitr btn gutm €!i^ gcj^Mrtr 
Bie ^Me 1)itt' id) bid)t urn nrit^ fl(it>9ni> 
i&em Unmut^ Stimme nit gelit^n. £Ki Unfd)ttlbi 
See untXTffi^tn aBiOtnB mir bomifltf 
®ob i(f| b« eauJK SRounif b« eribMifdioft — 
X^ tntr bat fEietU ntH H bft S^t tiit^ nor. 
3t(t tveiben fier toal planlod ifl gefi^tttb 
S&eitfcl)enb« planiMlI ma jufainmentnipftiii 
Unb aa& ber $am, unb nag bet fccH^t !Rut^ 
3Xicf) fpn^n lie^ im Utbecflufi b«i ■^cqenfli 
3u tfinfUic^ ®<nxbe mii ominen 
Unb tine £laae fun^bor bnuif 
ZMgegen id) Derftumnini muf. ®o Ijob' Hj 
UStt eignem Weft oerbetbUd) mid) umfiriittf 
Unb nUE (Sewaltt^ot !ann ei veifenb Itfcn. 
(iEiebmim ftiU fttftenb.) 
SSie anbere, ba bet <Olutt)et freier 3tleb 
Sue til^nen Sf)at mid) log/ bie cau^ etbietrnb 
iDie 9tDtf) ie^ti bie (Er^Uune von mir ^f<^ t 
Gmft ift bee JCnbUd bee nott)tDenbie{eit 
9Iii^ otine S^ubei gieifl bt§ Stenfdicn >^l> 
3n bet ®erd)i(tt ee^mitifooKe Utim. 
3n meinet SSTuft tvoc mttnt 3^ no(^ mein { 
(Sfmnal enOofen aut bem fid)em SBintel 
Set .gcrteiitf ifirem mOtteilu^ ffiobeiv 
■^inaittgegeben in bet Sebent %ttmbtt 
@t^6n fie ienen tficffifien as&c^ ant 
Sie teintt axenfc^ Xiinfl Hitcanlt^ mad)t. 
(Sc madx ^efCige Sk^rttte bur^ ^Imnterr bann bleibl er 
nrieber ffnnenb fte^en.) 


10 »tbmtv. [BoOniltdn. 

Unb mat ift brin Seginnen ? .^alt bu bir'i 

Mutfl whUi^ felbff belannt? Du aUft bit ffllfl^t, 

HHt nt^isr ft^ t^mnU trf<l)fittenir 

Z<ie in i>eij&t)tt ^^iligtem Ste^gf 

3n tier ®«>iwt)nt)dt feftgegrOnbet lu^f 

iDte an ber fflSttcir ftommnn Jtinb«elaub«i 

3Xit taufcnb j&^n aSuiitln |td| btfelligt 

Xxti tnfcb Erin Jlompf bci £i:af[ frin mit bet Jtcaft i 

©en fftrdjt' id) nidit SOttt j(bem ©«9ner wag' i^'S/ 

jDen i^ lanii fe^m unb ini ICugt fnffen/ 

iDec, ff Ibff wa 3X11^, aut^ mir ben MutI} entfiiimmt 

Sin unju^bani: geinb ifs, btn tcl) f&d^i 

iDer in ber aXenfit)enbni|l mir miberfte^ti 

IDurd) feise Smd^ aCIein.mir fixifaJi^ — 

9ti(t|t/ ntol lebenbfgr fraftooU fii!^ txttfinbigt, 

3ft bog eeti^diii Sui^bace. !Oal ganj 

Setneinc ift'fi> bai e»ie ©eftrlgef 

S&il imma; war unb immei mebaW^tt, 

Ttab morsen gitt, reril'e ^ute ^ot gtflotten 1 

XXnn aui ®emetnetn tfl bo: IDtenr^ gemaiftt, 

Unb Ue @«iio^n^eU nennt a feine Kmme. 

aScl) bemi bee on ben to^big oUen .^au£cat^ 

3lim tfl^ttf baS ffjeiire Scbfbid fetnet IC^nen 1 

Hat 2a^t i^bt eine ^igcnbe Stca^i 

a&ae etau om mter i(k bafi ift i^ g&ttlic^. 

@Sci int Seftttf unb bu no^nft int dteiit, 

Unb ^eUia tctcb'i bie SSenge bir bema^en. 

(3u bem $agen, ber ^erdntritt.) 
Det f(6»(b'f<^Dbet(t? Sfter'S? 3lun. « lomme. 
(^ogt ge^t. aSaOenfleiii ^t ben Slid nad^nfenb auf bit 
a^iite fle^eftrt.) 
9toi^ {ft (k rein — nod) 1 bas ajerteei^n (am 


Hut .i^>ica)Ii»ttini"] SttbUln. II 

Sti^t liber biefe @d)iw(Ie noi!^ — CSo f^mal (fl 
tAi ®t:&n;t> bU gtvei eetxn jpfab« fi^nbtt 1 

In the scene ve now preaent WallenHein makes 
known to Max big reBolve to desert the Emperor ; 
Mojc'i language, who endeavoiira to duaiude him 
&om sach a step, is that of a brare noble-hearted 
soldier, who trembles for the honour of his general, 
and who considers no sacrifice too great if he coold 
bnt save the honour of an ofGcer so dear to him. 

Sroeitet 3Cttftritt. 

fR. {niSitxt {!(( ttini.) SSein Central — 

BH. Det bin ii) ni^t me^, 

aSenn bu bt* Jlaiftrt Ojfkin: biift ntnnft. 

fR, ®o bteibt'j babeii bu ttiiUft bai ^xn Mrtafftn ? 

BB. 34 twi)' btS J^ffeit Ditnlt tntragt. 

^. Unb niO^ ba« ^ttt neilaffeii? 

OS. aJitbiK^ ^ff i*' 

Wx'i enga nxl) unb fe|ki: ju cttbinbtn. (Sr T'tt (u^) 
Sa. aitai. 9tic^ e^ moUt' id) bir'e er6ffhenr 
VU bt$ b« .^nbelne @tunbt iv^be fdjlaaen. 
Zwi Sugmb glAdti^S @ef^I trgreift 
2)a« 9t«t)tt [eidit/ unb «iiK Snube ifi, 
Coi eigne Urtt)eU pcAfenb anSjuiSbenf 
3Bo bat Scentpel rein ju l6fen ifl. 
Sodir no con jlw seitriflen Uebeln einS 
Qcgripn mccben mufi no fi4 bitl 'f^cj 
9ti^ San) iuc&dbnngt auB bem @trcit bei ^}FUi!^n, 


12 dtiffltr. [aBatlnifein. 

2)a ifl eS iSo^tt^at, leine 3Bati[ ju ^abtn, 
Unb tine I9unfl i|l tie SRDt^swnbigliit 

— iDit ift Mc^nboi. ffllufe oit^ iutil*. 

St (ann btr nii^ i mt^ ^Iftn. JBtide vonvAcK 1 
UrCfink nidi 1 SRatitt tn^, ju ^anUIn I 

— Sxt ^of l|at meincn Unfergana befWofien* 
iDnitn bin fi^ SBQItnfr {fim judot gu fommeiu 

— SSir KKcben ntU b«n SM)tMbcn uni Krbinbfn. 
St^i: icadK ituU ftnb't unb gute gmmbe. 

(^U dnj ^piuolomini'e ^ntwort emwrtenb.) 

— 3i ^ab' bi* iibmafc^t awniott' mir nid)t, 
2tl) nnU bii ^ iKrQ6nnenr bid) (u fafftn. 

(St |t(t)t auf ttnb ge^t nad) t)in»n. ?St<it fk^ longe uiis 
bflwglid)! in ben Iftftigften Sc^nj uerfe^t ) wit a am 
SSnwguna mat^ (ommt aSaOcnflan jurait unb ^Ot fi^ 
tioT {^n t)in.) 
JBl. HBtin ©eneral I — iDu madrfl mi(fi Ijeutt miinbia. 

iDtnn bit auf biefen Sue max mit'l erfpaTtr 

Sen 9Btg mir fetbfi ju finben unb bit 9iiil)tune. 

iDtt ^Igt' id) unlxbingt. Suf bid) nur bcond)!' ii) 

3u ft&n unb rear be« ctc^ttn ?)fabfl gemiS- 

3uni trfUn fiSale ^tut omwifell bu 

fUtid) an mid) felbft unb pnngft mii^r tine SBn^I 

3u tieffen jniif^n bic unb mcincm .^ajen. 
OH. Sonft nnegte bi^ m ^tutt btin ©tft^td 

Du tonnttfl fpittei^ btint ^flt^n &btni 

ScbtcebRn f<b6ntn Ztiti (Sm&^i tffunr 

9Sit ungedjHllem .^njtn inimer ^nbeln. 

0c fann'g nid)! femn bteibta Snnbti4 fn^tibtn 

tXt SBtgt (id). !OHt ^flid)t«i ftceitm 9)fltc^t{n. 

iDu moEit ^partei nsreiftn in btm Stiti, 


©er jonft^ btinem greunb unb betnem JEaiftc 
Sid) j(et tntjlnbrt. 

in. JCritgl Sntiat betnaintl 

©a JCrieg iff fciNrttRi^f ipie bet .^imintli ^lagnti 
2)01^ a ift gut> ifE tin iSt^Sjia, nit ftt. 
3fl ba* etn fluter Sritg, ben bu btm Xoiftr 
Semtefl mtt bee JtotfoS tigtmn ^ta ? 
D @h>a bee .^immeUf xeaS ift bad fiir eine 
JBeiinberungl ^itmt foldje Spia^e ntbr 
Stit bfr, btTf nrie bet ftftr einn be« ^peUi 
aXii aU bit itbntttvl Dorgefdntntn I 
Or itK[d)en 8tif eneatt bu mic im ^Injen 1 
2)n alten S^uid)! eingcnHttiirnen Sxitb 
Unb bti @(t)arfam« ^Uigt @en>ot)n^ 
6$o([ i4 iKcfdgtn Cemtn beinnn EUainen? 
SttiHi wenbe nic^t bein Xngefic^ )a mii I 
&6 vxa mit immcT rinrt @ott(E XtrtU^r 
Xann Abet ini<^ nid)t gleii) bie 9Xa^ veilitren i 
JDie Sinnc ftnb in btiatn iSanben noiii 
^ gleid) bie Scete blutenb ^cfi befrcit i 

OS. aSaxi t)6[' ntii^ an I 

JB. Ct^u' eitiiditl a^'flniifitt 

@tcl)f beine rdnenf ebeln 3uge iDiflen 
9to<^ ni(I)t£ Don biefer ungli^ergcn 3^t. 
Slsg beinc Ghnbilbung btfUdte fiei 
iDit Unft^ulb vnH fi(^ nii^t strtreiben laflen 
ZvH bdnet ^^blirfenbai ®t11alt 
SBirf i^ ^aai, ben f<^rien gle* ben grinb. 
Sin bSfer Staum bit* i|l a bann genKfni/ 
t>tr \ibt fit^e Xugenb uarnt. Si mag 
2)if 9Senfdi^eit folitie Tin^abliii t)aben 4 


14 ^tiUltr. [mVxnfMa. 

tieit fugen muf bat 0iWlie @efA^L 
Rdtu bu »{r|} fo ntdit enbigen. iDa« KiMt 
SJetrufen b«i ben aHmftlien itbe awfit 
9tat]n; unb jtbrt miditisc Siatnigen } 
ERedbt gitxn mitrb' tt bem genuincn aSa^n> 
£Kr nii^ on dtUS fn ba ^i^ glaubt, 
Unb nuc ber Ciininad)t m untiraucn tnas. 

OR. Stceng nbb bie aSelt mid) tabein, i(i| emad' H. 
aSit ftlbp frfion fogt' i^» »a8 bu fagtn tantifL 
SBei tniebe nicM' nxnn »'S umgt^n fanni 
!Dae KfUfcifte ! JDod) ^ier ift tdne SoliV 
34 mug @I«uiaa auSiUxn ober ktben — 
SSo fte^ bet Sail. 9tid)t8 onberS biti&t mil dbrts- 

^. @e{'« btmtl Se^anpte bid) in behMm ^ften 
®mHiItfam, miberfefle blift ban Saifh:, 
9Stm'i fein mufr tirib'S juc offenen emptrutigt 
9tid)t lokn iMtb' i^'** bed) «% laiui'S wrjn^n, 
XBilli tcoS id) nid)t gut t)tiStr nttt bti: t^riloi. 
9tur — iumaSetr&l^trnxcbt ni^l jDot !Son 
SH au69(fprod)f n, jum ffitrrSttiet ni^ 1 
©OS ijl bin iSbrefcferittnes SSaf/ fein gclittt, 
aBi>l)in b« 9Rut^ iwirrt in f(in« Sxa% 
SDi iai ift gang was anberS — baS ift fd)ntarjf 
@d)n>arj, nit bit ^ill« 1 

SH. (mit finfletti ®tin:faIKti, bod) gemSSigt.) 
@c))neU fntig i|l bit 3ugenb mit bem iSktti 
Xiai fd)MKi: iid) tianbtiabt, roit bes aSeflttS SSdjmibtj 
SuS i^em l)df€n Jtiqife nimmt fte fed 
Xier iDinge Wa% bit nut fid) fetber rid)ten. 
6>leid) txt^ i^ HUeS f(^itbliil) Dbet witebis, 
JB£e obec gut — unb aa§ bie Sinbilbung 


Xnfl «?Jicco(oitiini."] ^tiftttr. 

?6<intafKf(f) fifiteppt in fawfen Eiunbln 9iameat 
iDaS Mrbet |te ben Sa^en auf unb iScfcn. 
Sng iff bfe %3eU, unb bai @c^ ift mttb 
Sd^ tri cinaRbn wo^nm bit ®ebiinteii< 
X)«% ^ait im SlaitttM ftofoi fu^ bit Sot^; 
9Bo eintt ^tafe nitnmt, tnuf baS Xnbn tAdnv 
fStx ni(t)t tKitriebtn ftin nnllf mii$ txrtrtibtn t 
iCa ^enf^ btr Stctitf unb imr bit CSt&cb fitgL 
— 3af Bwi: butdi'S 8fb«j g(l)tt o^ iTOunfi^ 
CKi!^ itben SuxcC Dofagen !anni bet wo^ 
Sm Icic^n Sour mit bem Si^omanbaf 
Unb fiait ltd) lein im rtintn SUnitnt 
StU^ fdfwf ant griberm @toffc Ut.^ltatact 
Vtib lu bo: Stbe jltl|t mid) bit Stcgitrbc 
iDcni b&Ten @«ft gt^ bit Orbti iiid)t 
iCem pttn. SaS bit @bttlid)en utiS (mboi 
Son obeni tinb nnc aOgenitine Q&ini 
3^ ei(^t trfctut, bM^ tnai^ tS Atintn rei^r 
3n i^ttm ®taat trtingt fii^ ttin S^tft^ 
Z<eii QNIItein, bug aOgefil^ett ®olbf 
SSnf man bra falfditn <Dlid)ten abgooinncnf 
3Mt unterm iSogt fi^linungeoiltt ^uftn. 
<Kf^ ol)ne Cpfer madjt man fit etiuigtr 
Dnb Jtetntv IeM> bet auS i^nm iDitnft 
jDie @ttle I)itte rtin jurScCetiogen. 

JH. (mit'EBtbeuIuns.) 
Cf ffird)ttf f&ri^e bitft rali'<^ ^hifUi 
€Kt ^Itcn n{d)t aSoitt <S& fii^ eiigenstf|ln> 
3Mt bid) becfidtnb in btn Xbgtunb )ie^ 
Sxaa' Ujom nuftf I 3d) vome bii^ — Df iityci 
imid iu btiner ^(^t I IStmif, bu tannff fl 1 
@d)id' mlc^ nai^ SEBica 3a/ tt)ut bai. Eaf mic^ 


IS dcJbCUer. [SkUUnjtdn. 

aXi4 tttnen 9)^bni madjtn mit btm Jtoifn. 
ffit fcnnt bi(^ nii^ti id) abec Umt bid)* 
Sr foO biifi f<Vn mit mcinfm rrinen 7hi%t, 
Unt fdn SBertrauen bring' ii^ bit jurfid 

OB. ee ill )u fpdt. I)u iwigt nit^t, waa gtfi^c^n. 

jH. Unb mir'j gu fpilt — unb m&r' ej aui) fo meit, 
£aEt ein Setbcti^tn nui t«m gall bid) xtttttt 
00 foUe I faQc m&bigf mit bu ftanbfL 
ajerliete bal eommanbo. ®ef)' Mm ®d)aaplaft. 
SDu {ann|l'e mit Stlanjtr t§u'S mit tln|'d)ulb aui^ 

— iDu f)afl flii: Knbn oicl geltbt, Icb' enblid) 
Sinmal bir felbn I 34 begltitt bi^t 

SKein gSd)iifat tnnn' id) nitntnre con bem briiwti — 

SK. @e ift ju rp&t. 3i^m bu beln« SBorte 
S3n:U(r|l< ijl f^n tin fStaifningsx nac^ btm anbon 
Sucfiifeelefit non mefnen Stitnbcnr 
£)it mdn @cbot na^ ^cag unb @fln trosen. 

— Qigib bid) brefiv ntic I)anbtlnr tine mir mfiften. 
@o tag une bae StDt^wcnbise mit fB^bCf 

suit ^m SSt^titte ttnm — SSafi t^u' id) @ii^Iimmn«, 

XU imn SSfai: t^ot, beg 9tiimt nod) 

Bi« ^m bat ^bi)^ in bo; SkU btnfflntt? 

St: fAt)ite tolbtr !Rom bit eegioneni 

Da Stem Hjm im !Sefd)A$une attiKTtcattt. 

g&acf et baE S^iccirt <wn lu^i et macwrioiren/ 

ffi^'t id) te to^'f nwnn Ul} enttoaffhett. 

3d) fpiite mai in mic con feiium iSeifL 

@tb mil: fnn m&d I £aS Knbrc loUI ii^ tragen. 
(Slt(u:i bei bigl)n: in etnem (d)m(i:)ooUen jCompfi gtffanbenf 
iffft fi^K ab. flBaltenitein lu^t i^m Demninbert unb 
betiofftn mill tmb 1Uf|t in ticfc iSebanfen ueclocnu) 

C3.l:.-:ij,CiOt)^lc , 


SMntftdti't S£ob.] ^tftilltv. 17 

We conclude with an extract from tlie laat scene 
ofWALLENSTBEH'B life, onwMch Carlyle, whom we 
have before quoted, thus eipreHseB himself: 

■' This laat scene is among the finest which poetiy 
can boast of. Tkeela's death is still unknown to 
him, hut he thinks of "ltf*T, and idmost weeps. He 
looks at the stars, and dim shadows of superstitious 
dread pass fitflillj across his spirit as he yiews these 
fountains of light, and compares their glorious and 
enduring existence with the fleeting troubled life of 
man. The strong spirit of his sist«r is subdued by 
dark forebodings ; omens are against him ; his astro- 
loger entreats ; — one of the relenting conspirators 
entreats ; — his own feelings call upon him, to watch 
and beware. Sut he refuses to let the resolution 
of his mind be overmastered, he casts away these 
warnings, and goes cheerfully to rest, unconscious 
that the javelins are already grasped which vill 
send bim to his long and dreamless sleep. The 
death of Walleksteer does not cause tears ; but 
it is perhaps the mwt highly wrought scene of the 
play. A shade of horror, of dreariness, hangs over 
it, and gives additional effect to the fire of that 
brilliant poetry, which glows in eveiy line." 

ne thus overrules the forebodings of the fiuthfiil 
Gordon, who is urging him to relinquish his plans, 
and to seek the pardon of the emperor : — 


18 dttiflltr. [SoOenltdiu 


(bctroi!^ {tin tnit St^embtina unb Srftanntn unb ft^igt due 
3cit longi fine ftarft innnrc JBetMoung )netnb). 

(Sorbon — be« SiftrC aoinnt fCi^it tui^ mcUf 

SC barf bev Sugtnbfnunb fic^ mafi erlauben. 

— 8tut ijl gcfloffeni ©orbon. Slimmer fann 

©et .Ratfec mfc vetg/tbm. JCinnt' re'!, itfe 

3di Unntt nitnmer mil oergtbra laffen. 

■&&tt' i<^ Dw^ onratti mod mm gcT^^ 

SDaf eS ben (ttbllen gnunb mir wikbt bfteii/ 

Unb ^itu mir boi {Keif mie je^lf gefjDrodim — 

Xann fein, ic^ ^4tie mid) b«ba<y — f ami fein/ 

Xud) Dic^ — iCXxi) wafl nun fc^n nod)? 3u cmf^oft 

^t't angrfanecni nm in ni^ ju tnbtn. 

'^ab' tt b<nn fdnen Sauf t 

(3nb«n er anS genfte: tritt.) 

Sic^'f et i|t 3tad)t genwrben; ouf bcm @(f)(oi 

Sfft aui^ fc^n ftiOt — iai^, A&mmrrling. 

(£ammerbientr/ bet unterbelfen fW dngetnttn unb mit fl^ti 
botem Unt^ in ba gecne ge^nbenf MU ^eriMt, IiefCig 
boMgt, unb ftfttjt fid) ju bei <&criogt gfiftn.) 

£n aud) nod)? iDod) i^ uetp efi jOf oarnm 

£u meimn griebcn ti^c^ mit ban £alftt 

iDer ome HXcnTd) I Sr ^t im JUmtfintrlaiib 

Sin fleinet HJut unb foi^gti fie ne^mtn't i^nif 

!QeiI tr in mir ift SSin id) btnn fo ormf 

iDaf id) ben ZHenetn nicM nftfeen farai ? 

9tunl 3d) loin Sticmonb jioingen. 9B«in bu mdnflf 

t>ai mid) baS @lAd gefla^n. fo unlafi miit). 

^ut mostl bu mi(!^ jum ee^mnol entOeibtn 


aXorio fiStuait] AtbfUtr. 19 

tint baim }u btinnn Jbdfct Uorgt^ — 
@ut' 9tai^, iSorbon I 
3^ btntc einra lanetn E^Iaf ju t^iv 
iDenn MrTtr U^ttn Stage £utat war gco^r 
SSorgtr baf fie nic^ ju jeiria mic^ enottttn. 
(St st()t ai>. JCanunnbiener tetti^t. SniE fijlgt Soibcn 
bleibt in bn iDunbt^ ftefKiv bera .^erioa rait *cn Mufltn 
folsenb* 6ia er in bem iuferfUn ®ang on^'dwunben i(l i 
bunn bcfictt cr burdi @fb&tben fniun Sk^mtr} auC unb 
te^int ltd) gramDoa an dne SSAulc) 
" France," says Carljle, "never roae to the sphere 
of ScHiLLEB, even in the day of her Comeille, nor 
can England, since the times of Elizabeth, name 
any dramatist to be compared with him in general 
strength of mind ajid feeling and acquired accom- 

9Raria ©(uort. 
On this tragedy we shaU oSer the opinions of 
Madame de Staxl, who enjoyed advantages which 
place her authority aa a critic of German literature 
iar above that of many others. Her personal in- 
timacy with Sghilleb and Goethx, her correspon- 
dence with learned men of Oermany, tiie inter- 
course with A.W. V. 8cBLEaKi.,who accompuiied her 
for some years, and ia also said to have assisted her 
in the work "He V Jllemagiu," all these circum- 
stances, combined with the undeniable natural genius 
of this lady,could not but produce a judgment having 
great chums upon our acceptance. 


20 ^difller. [XVllI. 3a!n^ 

" 'Mary Stuart ' appears to ub the moat pathetic 
and beat coaceived of all Ctennan tragedies. The 
iate of this queen, who began her life in euch proa- 
perity, vho loat her happineaa through so many 
errors, and who waa led after nineteen years of im- 
priBonment to the scaffold, calls forth as much our 
pity aa that of (Ediptu, Oreites, or Nwbe. But the 
very beauty of this story, so fevourable to genius, 
would cruah mediocrity." 

The scene is at Potheringay Castle, where Mary 
Stuart is confined. Her nineteen years of captivity 
are already past, and the tribuntd appointed by 
JBHzaheth is on the point of deciding the fate of the 
unfortunate Queen of Scotland. Mary't nurae com- 
plaina to the governor of the caatle of the treatment 
which he makes his prisoner undergo. The governor, 
strongly attached to Que^t Elizabeth, apeaka of 
Mary with harsh severity. 

"We perceive that be is a worthy man, but one 
who judges Mary aa her enemies have judged her. 
He announces her approaching death ; and this 
death appears to him to be just, because he believes 
that she haa conspired against EUxabeth. 

The character of Mary ia admirably supported, 
and never ceases to interest during the whole piece. 
Weak, passionate, vain of her person, and repentant 
of her life, we at once love and censure her. Her 
remorse and her errors excite compassion ; we per- 
ceive, throughout, the power of the beauty for which 


edjiUer'S gXario SSftiurt.] fetiinUr. 21 

she WEB so fiunous. A man, who forms the dedgn 
of saTmg her, dares to avow, that he devotes him- 
self for her only from the enthusiasm which her 
charms have inspired. Elizabeth is jealooa of those 
chums, and eveu Leiceiier, the favourite of Elveo' 
belk, is become enamoured of Mary, aad has secretly 
promised her his support. 

Her almost Bupematural beauty appears to be 
the cause and excuse of that habitual intoxication 
of the heart which is the fataUty of her existence. 

" Hie character of El^tAetk excites attention in 
a very different manner : a female tyrant ia a new 
subject for ptunting. The littlenesses of women in 
generaJ, their vanity, their desire of pleasing, in 
short all that from prostration accrues to them, 
tend to despotism in Elizabeth, and that dissimn- 
lation, which is born of weakness, forms one of the 
instruments of her absolute power. Doubtless all 
tyrants u« disaemblera. Men must be deceived 
that they may be enslaved. To this end it may be 
necessary that falsehood come to them under the 
polished semblance of truth. But what distinguishes 
the character of Elizabeth, is the desire of pleasing, 
united to the utmost despotism of will, aud all that 
is most refined in the self-love of a woman, mani- 
fested by the most violent acts of sovereign autho- 
rity. Elizabeth was a woman of great genius, aa 
the lustre of her reign evinces. Tet in a tragedy, 
which represents the death of Man/, EUzabeth can 


22 i&rtfller. [XVm. 3aH- 

appear onlj as the rival who causes her priBoner 
to be aaaasamated ; and the erbne which she com- 
mits is too atrocious not to efiace all the good we 
might be diapoaed to say of her political geniua.' ' 

Leicetter entreats Mizabeth to see Mary. He 
proposea to her to stop in the middle of a bunting 
party, in the garden of Fotheringay Castle, and to 
permit Marg to walk there. Elizahefk consents, 
and the third act <^nB with the affecting joy of 
Mary on again breathing the free air after nineteen 
years' imprisonment. 

AH the riaka she has run have raniabed &om her 
eyee ; her nurae endeavoura in vain to recall them 
to her mind, in order to moderate her b-ansports. 
Mary has foi^tten all in recorering the sight of 
the aun and of nature. 

■Dtitter JCufjug. 

©cgtnb in Hnm ^rf. Sent mtt S&umtn tKfeQtt ^inttn 

tine iwile Vul|id)t 

erfter 3(uftcitt. 
fSiaxia ttitt in fdindtem Eouf Winter ffiiumen \jfcim, 

%anna SSeimeOj; ^gt langfanu 
St. 3t)r (titt \a, ale wenn i^r %Mi%tl ^Sttctf 
So Rinn it^ (ud) nii^t fo^gen. iwittet bud) 1 

f&. Sag mid) bei neiun ^(i^ gtniefcnr 
Sa^ mid) (in £inb feb, fci tS mit 1 
Unb duf bem gr^nen Scppid) bee 9Bicfen 
^[QftR ben I(id)tenr geflfigtlten ®<^nn. 


Sin id) ban fEnlton (Sff&ngnffi aitftftgnt/ 

^tt fie miii ni^t mt^ bit ttamigt @ntft? 

Sa$ tni(^ in iwllflu in bmrfhgni ^i^acn 

Xiintcn Ut frricf bic ^inunlift^ SnfL 
lEt. 1 mnnt tlKint Sobp 1 iSitaJtate 

3ft mtc nm dn Crin totnigrt trtwitert 

3^ fellt nur nic^ bi( (Rautrr bit ant dnfc^Iitftr 

Siril fie ba Sivmt bfdit @cfbiui^ wtfltttt 

^. D jDontf S\int bitftn ftcunblid) fltton SSinmnb 

2>it mrintC JUrteifl aXaunm mir i>erfl«ttn I 

3c^ toiU mi^ fni unb gl&dlii^ niumtn : 

Banun aue mtinnn fi^n 9Batin mii!^ nwibn ? 

Umf&ngt ntid) nii^ bn ntnte .{liinmcUf^ool ! 

iOit Slide, ^ unb ft^tOoi, 

Sttft^ fid) in ungemeffnen 8UunHit. 

Xxtrt, mc bit groutn Sttbttbergt tagm, 

S&ngt metneS Sttiiitt SiSnje an^ 

Unb bieft SoOtn, bit nadi SKittog jagtn, 

@ie fud)en Siantnidji fenien Duan. 
fi&nbt iSontn/ eiesin b<r Sfifte 1 
Str mit eud) loanbttb, tnit tui) fcKtffl 
®r^ mir fminblic^ mtin 3usenblanb I 
3d) bin gefaogenf id) bin in IBanbcn, 
TUj, iii ^ab' tetntn anbnn Stfanbten I 
Scei in Mfttn ift eure Salfn/ 
3^ fetb itit^t bitfer JUnigin untti^n. 
St. 7ii)i t^iire £abq I 3^t feib aufer eud)f 

£ie lang tntbet)rtt S>^rtl)tit inad)t eud| fi^nidnntn. 
;J1K. DoctU^ tin ^fi^ ben 9ta^n anl 
jDieTcf fitnbc Strljeug Unnte mic^ rtttoii 
Stej^tt mi(^ f<^nta lu btfttunbtUn SSt&bttn. 


24 *tjaier. [XVIH. SOft^. 

ejj&rlic^ ni^ ct ben bCitfCistn aXonn. 
Selaben moUt' ii^ ^m nt^ tnit S^^Hf 
Sinen itug foUt' n t^utir nie tr bincn gttfiaaf 
iDoJ (DliUC foot' tc pnbtn in ftimn 9lt^n, 
Sli^m' cr mid) tin in txn nttenbtn fio^n. 

Jifary is informed of Slisabetk't approach. She 
had vished for this interview, but aa the moment 
draws near a chilly shudder ruua through her &ame. 

fiA. 3* fyibt brauf fletwnft — SallK lonfl 
liSti^ bcauf becntetf ICOei )»&' ti^ mit 
@«raet unb int @eb&d)tni| dnstfitiriebcnf 
SBIt id) (it ru^itn nctlK unb tmvtgtn I 
SSergcfltn pU^li^i auigelif^t ift VQt«, 
9tiil)tt lebt in mil in biefem SugtnbMr 
»U mnner Eeiben btttaunUt &tf^l 
3n bluf gen ^f gmtnM wiba fie 
3fl mil; bat ^tri, H ftit^ aOx guten 
®<ban(tnf unbf bit Sdilangen^aaie fi^totlnbr 
Unifb^n mi^ bit finfUm <£>fineng(iflei. 

Jjeicetler accompanies MUzahefh — thus ^ the 
paasious oi Mary are at once excited : she commiuidB 
herself for a time; but the arrogant £li«abeih 
provokes her by her disdainful bearing, and the 
two rival queena end by alike abwidoning them- 
selves to a mutual hatred. Elizabeth reproaches 
Mary with her faults ; Mary recalls to her mind the 
suspicious of Henry VIII. against her mother, and 
on a point even that regarded herself. 


9Kana StnorL] dtj&OIcr. 

<S. {lat mb Itnng.) f&at ))abt tt)T mil gn fogtni e 
3tlt ^M mid) fpwi^en iwltau 3* oergeffe 
XHe £&mginr bie fd)nxi: btlefMgtti 
S)[t ftommt ^id^t bcc Sd/nt^tt gu erfillltnf 
Unb mtinee ^blittt Snifl eno&^' i4 n"^ 
iDcm Xricb ber ©ragmuCt) folg' id), ftgt miC^ 
@CTcc^m Sabtl audi bo^ ic^ fo twit 
.^tmnleifbigf — btm i^ nrift, 
2>a| if)i: mic^ ^bt tnnoibtn ta^tn aeVm. 

SB. Somit foQ i4 btn Xnfang mat^ig uric 
iCte aSoib BilieUt^ fitllfii, bafi (u txiA 
iDaS ^erj ergniffn, obet tiiif)t Wtteften 1 
O (Bott, gib mrinn ERcbt JCiaft, unb nimm 
3^ iebm Stai^t ber omounben tbnxtu 1 
Xann id) boi^ fik mii^ fctbfl ni^t fpret^nj ot)nt ni(^ 
@d)tKT )n Mitlasnii unb bat win ic^ nic^ 

— StK ^M an mil ge^anbtlt tote nid)t rtd|t ifb 
XJcnn i(^ Un tint Jttnfgin/ mif i^, 

Unb i^ ^bt aU @(fiinant mi(f| ge^nt. 
34 tom ju tu^ aU dne SSitttnbe, 
Unb i^, be« (Safttti^a ^{gt SeftHr 
iDn: smtn ^ig Sbt^t fn mit nn^iKnbf 
@d)ti:^ mid) in Jteifetmaumi tin ) bit gnunbtr 
Z)it SMtnrc roerbcn graufom mil tntrifTtni 
Unwikb'gan Slangcl Wtib' id) (jctiegtgtben, 
3San rttCU mid) not: tin fdjimpflit^i tSmifi — 
9tic^ mt^ boDon 1 Sin tmigti Sitigtfi'en 
S3cbtitcr nwi* ic^ ©rauTamefi ttlitt 

— @tf)t I 3<^ milt ante tint ®c^ictung ntnntn, 
3^1 frib ni^ '[ifyiOii^ id) bin aud) ni^t fi^uibig j 


26 fetiWtr. [XVIH. 3a^ 

Sin Uftr ®eifl ftteg aiu Nm Xbgninb oufi 

iDen ^af in unfem <^n:i<n gu entjQnbtni 

jD« unfW jortf Suflcnb fdwn tntjttMit 

@t wui^ Qiit unir unb bift aSnir(t)en fa^m 

£ec ungliiclfel'ecit glomme TitSttm gu. 

ffiafmpnn'ae SJ^nr bcnuffheten 

9Xit @c(niat unb X>ol4 ^ unbcnifnc .^onb — 

£iat {ft baS SIiii^tf<^ to £intgc, 

2>a6 fiti entjiMitf bit fSktt in ^af ieireifcnr 

Unb jcber $fMcai)t guritn entfe|TtIni 

— 3(ftf iff fcfn f«inb« SSnnb nw^ inrffc^ un** 

(9t&[)crt fidi i^i jutiaulii}) unb tnit fd)mei(^Inbtm ISoa) 
Siir |h^n einanbei: fel&fl nun gtetniUia. 
3<Str @d)nKltn:i nbct 1 9ttnnt mil meine 0<^f 
3i^ mia cu^ vM%S Senfigm («^ 
S(f)r ba^ ii)r bamoIS mfi: Qitljbt ^^atii 
TCUUl^t bringenb nier Vuge fu^ t 
SS R)&ie r\it fo twit gebmnuni ni^t 
Tin bitfem traur'gcn Ctt gefct)i^ ji^t 
iDte unslfi^elig traurigt a^egepung. 

HP. 9]iein guter ®tnn bnoo^ ni^ btnocr 
iOic fHatttr an ben fiSufen nil ju Itsni. 
— 9tic^ bie ©efc^Af nm ftfRna^l .^tri 
Jtlagt an> bit nilbt Q^cfud)t eurrt ^aufcS. . 
^idfti geinbltd)tt war jwifc^ una e^fi^n. 
X)a Mnbigtc mir tun O^ntf bti fto^Ci 
■^trrfdmiiK^'ae f>de|Ur, bet bi« fnil)t .^onb 
9la<% oKcn Jtronen (btdti bte St^ oni 
Sct^trte tui^ mdn SBap^n aniuiM^CTb 
Sui^ mdnt Jttnigttilfl juiurigmnf 
Vnf SC(A unb E«btn in b«n Stamps mit nic 


SBoria ^bicat.'] ArbCtttr. 

3a gtfstt — aSetiTief n gtam mu^ nitfet auf? 
Stc ^}ritftn SungM unb iti Sbttn €Sd|»(itf 
XM ^mmtn So^nfinnd fitniitnlu^ SBaffni } 
■^ ftttji, ira gritbrailii* nKiurt 9ltl*i, 
SSti a mxciec (Smphung gComntcn on — 
X»^ ®oH ill mit mill unb bcr ftolje IpntSn 
Sc^It bat Setb nid)t — SXrinnn ^tq^ mot 
2)tT ®tr«d) gtbto^t. unb ba« cme f&CU 1 

€!« Untig nno: SXadit nii^t fibn^btn — 

tf. 9Bn firfl mid) ^bnm? @urr£i^riin gab 
Sdj Stifipid altnt A6ni^ ba ffiett. 
Sit man mit feintn Jrinbot 5dtben mat^tf 
Sie 0anct Sort^Itnif fd nuint ®d)ult] 
Sal i|t mic SIuteocniKmbtl'if^iift, Siilltmd^ ? 
^ ^d^ trcnntt aOer ^idjttn Sanbi 
Srn SCceubiud) ^igt fUt txn AAnistmocbi 
34l iibe nur, uae tun ^Mtftcr Ic^nn. 
ESogt I fStUhet 9fanb anv&^rtt mk fftc n^ 
IBemi i^ grofimfil^ ra» Banb« IMtt ? 
3Sit DKldiein ekt|lo0 ixraia^' id^ rare Sxtat, 
t)at m^ Qamt ^fittai eijli^ bffmn lami 
<Smatt ma^Ht ritq'Qt WH^eit, 
Arin Sifaibnil 9 mt ban ©tji^ bcc SS^fangen. 
jK. Cf bad iff am trourig fbi^n Xcgivotni t 
3^ ^t>t midi flttl oU tint gonbin nui 
nnb gcemblingin bttvaiijttt .^attet iiir 
3u mm: Sibin mid) ttfUMr mit mii 
Stbii^, fo patten Xlatdbatbit unb eiebc 
(En$ tint trtnt Snunbin unb Ctnconbtt 
3n mir ttfyOta. 


28 dealer. [XVUI. 3<*c^ 

a. jQcouScnr ftab^ Stuart, 

3ft tun grnmbfc^oft, euer -©aufl bag ^opWum, 
iDre SSinrfi iff tuer SBrutin: — Su*/ jur ertin 
erfliKn I Tux D(n:4t6mf4e JaEfhict 1 
SDaS tt)i: bci mttncm Ethn iio<^ tnrin ffiod 
Bttfliiirtrt, elne liftige Mtmiba, 
ZHe (bic Sufltnb mtintS Atntgnitfie 
3n (unm Su^Ieme^ fdjlou ucrftnctttt — 
S)a$ aOtS fi^ brr ma aufgftinlxn eonnc 
Sunenbdcr unb id) — 

iW- 9)csitrtinSntbtnI 

Scbnxban Xtifpntt^ anf biti Strid) entfag' id). 
Xdd, tndiui @d|trt Sc^nnngen finb gtU^tf 
«f.^ ejrigt bxtt rakf) me^r — 3!ir !)aW'« trwji^/ 
Sd) bin niiT ntK^ bet 6d)atltn ta SXaria. 
@<bri}(I]tn ijl in (angnr Jtertetfi^nKK^ 
iDci tbic SKtit^ — 3^ ^abt boS ](eufrer(tt an mie 
@ct^n( ^bt mii^ iCT^ in nteinn SUU^ 1 

— 3(St mai^t fin Snbe, ®(^itiefto; 1 @^i!^ ti ani, 
SDal KBoitf urn befftntmUbn i^t gcfommciv 

iDcnn nimrntr wiU id) glaubf n, ba$ i^ lamti 

Urn (un C;pF(t grauTam ju Dtri)6^ntn. 

0)<Tcc^ biefet jQott aut I 0a0t mir: h3^i: frib fteif 

tDtaria 1 SSrinc <91a(^ t)abt i^rc geffi^It } 

3(ftt lemct meinen Sbelmui^ Doe^rcn." 

Sagt'ir unb ii^ niU mein Seben^ mdnt Sc(it)eit 

JCtt (in ©efi^nl auS (uter ^anb (mpfangfn. 

— Sin SBort mad)t altel ungffifet^n. 3d) nwttt 
iDocauf. 0/ laft mid)'C nidjt gu lung ti^anen ! 
!EStV ^"^ '<>''"> ^ "■i' bicfcm SBort n{d)t cnbet I 
jDtnn mnn If)t ic$t nid)t ftgenbringinbr f)trcUd), 


We (inc ©ott^t wm mfr fc^dbet — ® 
9t{4)t um bici ganje Tdd)e dilanbi n{if)t 
Um allc eintmi bte bag SKtcc umfaftr 
a)t6d)t' i(^ COT (U(4 ri> D*^ loit i^ ooi: mir I 

<f . SSetmnt t^ cnbUt^ ai0 fAi fiixmntnbtn ? 
ZfA aai mit turni Si&nbn ? 3fl Mn SRiibcE 
SScIn: untenntseS ? StU tein Xbcntfurci: 
gik eui^ bit tramr'et SliHerft^ me^ reagtn ? 
— 30/ «8 iff auS, 8obi) SOtario. 3§t otrffl^rt 
SAtr JUinen met)r. jDie Sett ^t anbtt SkuQtiL 
es Iflfltt JteiiMiv rore — oierM Sllann 
?u aabtn, benn i^i tibttt nnt %ttitti 
SSi( curt SSinnn I 

fiSt. (auffa^renb.) ©.^rotfta:! Sd|»e|lKl 
D@otCI @ottI @i&n)tr<Olifteunel 

tf . (fi(^ fi( langt mil dntm SBlt* |ioli« Beradttung an.) 
Sai alfo linb bte ERdjungcn. Sorb et|UT, 
iDie ungelbaft tm ^Statin ablidt. bancben 
San onbvrt Sdb ft(^ ttwatn barf )u |kll«n I 
g&nKil)[ I jDcc ffluinn nur mD^ciI ju ttlaxiQoi, 
m fa)|bt nic^tg, bit allgtmtiiK @d)inl;rit 
2u fein/ ais bte gcmtinc fein fiii IfOcl 

^. X)ae ;ft iu cull 

tf. (^Ijnifc^ tacfjenb.) 3t6t jriflt t^t eutr xoa^ui 
@efi4tf bis jefit imr'i nui bit iant. 

fR. (von 3om gCfi^bf boi^ mit nnn tbeln 9Bftrb(.) 
34 Iiabe menf^Ud)/ iugrnbtid) stfc^/ 
3Me 3Sa())t Dcrft^rte m\ij, id) i)ab' (fi nic^t 
S3erf)tinili(^t unb Mtboteen, falfdjen ES^dn 
|iab' id) oerfi^mJ^t, mit liniglidjem grtimut^. 
■Sua Xtrgfte UKip bit aStCi t»n mir. unb id) 


30 dtiCOrr. [iVilL 3a^ 

Xatm fo^Mif id) bin btfltt aU mdn 9tuf. 
fB(&' nic^j nwnn ffe wrn euern SEfjaltn rinft 
lOoi e^ttmnantri jielit, momit ilc gltifenb 
iDie roUhe ©tot wrfto^lntr i&fU betH. 
9H*t e^torfctt ^aM i^ xm eurtr gRutfw 
®cer&t i man ntdf r um itKldtec Sustnb loilten 
Mnna oon fBonten baS ©dfwffbt btjHcflen. 

dJEpretDjAttrs. (ttitt inifdKn bcibe JUniginnen.) 
D @tott bti ^immclie 1 SSug (S ba^in tammtn 1 
3|t tot bie m&fiaunaf tie UnCenwrfungf 
eabQ aXaria ? 

Srtiastnr nat tin 3Renfd) ertragen fana 
galjr' tjin* lommtietiige (S(taffenl)til 1 
3um ■^ioimd piffKf Uibenbt ©tbutb ! 
Sprtng tnblii^ beint Sanbti ttitt ^erooc 
Xu* beinn ^Si)le, long wt^aftnn: ©rril I 
Unb b Uf bn; bem gneiiten iBafiUSt 
Inn SKorbblid gabf leg* ouf bit 3unge nric 
Oen gip'gen q>fdl — 

dJEiretaiAnrc. O/ fu ill oufm fi^l 
SBCTjri^' b« aiafenben, btt f^iwr ©erriitm I 

(Slifabtt^/ DOE ^om fptad)Ii]i, rd)ieft tvUticnbt JBGdc 
auf SXiiTini.) 

KtEtMttr. (in bn ^gftm Unrutit, fu^ bit SUfabttI) 
l)innwg )u ffi^tn.) <fitet 

iDit 3Bfltf)cnbc nic^t an 1 ^inn)tgf fiintceg 
Son bitftm unQlA^cfgen Dctl 

fiA. Sia S^ion Don @nglanb ifl buri^ rintn SSaptb 
Sntn)ri^t, ber Stritten tbcl^trjig SioII 
Durd) tint UH'gt ©auflerin brtri)9en. 


®(^iIUc'e aXaria Stuart] d^fKrr. 31 

— Sbgitrte Stif, fo ligd 3i)t sot mtt 
3nt Staubc \tit, btnn i^ bin euer Sba^ 

(@Iifatct^ gc^t fct)tKll ab, bie tobi folacn i^ in bar 

^ii%|i(n S«mcjun8.) 

The scene is edngularly Ene on this very account, 

that their mutual rage makes the two queens 

transgreBB the bounds of their natural dignity. 

They are no longer any other than two women, 
rivals in respect of beauty ; they are no longer — 
the one a sovereign and the other a prisoner ; and 
even though the one possesses the power of sending 
the other to the scafibld, Marff, the beautiful, 
enjoys yet the pleasure of humbling the all-power- 
ful Elizdieth in the eyes of Leicetter, in the eyea of 
a lover dear to both. 

The emissaries of the Somish ^scbj form the 
design of assassinating Mixabeth on her return to 
London. Shretetbuty, the most virtuous of the 
queen's fiiends, disarms the assassin who attempted 
to stab her, and the people cry out aloud for the 
blood of Maty. It ia an admirable scene in which 
the chancellor, Bwrleig%, presses EUxahetk to sign 
the death-warrant of Mary, while Shrewfihwty, who 
has just saved the life of his sovereign, throws him- 
Belf at her feet imploring her to pardon her enemy. 

The answer of Elizabeth to his discourse is a 
speech of remarkable address ; a man in a similar 
situation would probably have employed falsehood 
to palliate injustice, but HUxabeih does more, she 


82 *tj&aier. [XVin. 3aW- 

wishes to excite interest ; and giving vent to her 
revenge ate would even, if possible, inspire regard 
whilst perpetrating the most barbarous action. 
She has the spirit of a sanguinary coquetry, if we 
may be allowed the expression ; and the chwiictep 
of the woman finds its complement in that of the 
' tyrant. 

Ht. Hct)( @t)TaiiJburp 1 3tn: tiabt mir ^ut' baS ieien 
(Stntta, 1)abt Ui fiStebece Dold) i»n mic 
©nwnbit — SiaTum Iti^rt "%t il)ni nidjt 
Dtn ftauf ? ®o mixt via ®treit geenSigtf 
Unb a\Ui SmrifelS lebi^ a'ax iran @d)u[b> 
Jig' '^ i" mfiner ftidfn ®nif( I gilrKjatiri 
3(f) bin bet etbtnt unb btt .^erT((i)ent miib' I 
SHuS 'iiK wn unS flftntginnm fallen/ 
©aratt bit anbw Itbe — uirti rt i(l 
9tut)t anbnir bat ofcnn' ii^ — tann btnn iifi 
9t!d)t bit fctn/ nxMie roeidit? HKein SBoCt mag ni^Etn, 
3* geb' i^m [(ine gBojcllit jurflCt 
®M vjl mtin Jeugt, bag ii) nidit fflr miift, 
glut filr baS iSefie mrineS Botti s'lfbt. 
.^cffC li wn biefec fdimeid)Ierif(f)tn Stuart/ 
!Der jfingern Jt6ntgin( gtfiiRidiKe Zagti 
@(i fleis' id] gein von bicTem ISEiron unb tt^tt 
3n aOoobftDCtS IKIb Sinfamfcit lavid, 
SBo in«M an(pnid)lcfe Sugenb bbtti 
9Bo i(E|/ Dom Xanb ba erbensEife feni/ 
iDie '&oI)ett in mir fdber fanb — iBin {<^ 
^ ^nrfi^flrin bo<^ n{d)t gtmai^ ! 3)cc ■^crrfd^ 
SKup tiatt fein tinmn/ unb mtin ^<xi ifl nxid). 


e^ftlttr't aXocCa etaoit.] ^cbilltv. 33 

3c^ ^abt bitfe 3nf(l lange fllilAii^ 
Scgtcttf ntil ii^ nur braaditt ja btgliltdtn. 
&< lommt bk etflt fiancee JCSnigipfliiiit, 
Unb id) tmpfinbe mcine O^mai^t. — 

The death-warruit of Mary is signed by EUga- 
beth, and, left alone vith her privtite secretary, the 
womiui'B timidity, mingling itself with the persever- 
ing consistence of despotism, m^es her desire this 
inferior personage to take upon himself the respon- 
sibility of the deed which she is committing. He 
reqtures a positive order for sending the warrant, 
which Elizabetk refuses, repeating that he must do 
his duly. 

She leaves this unfortunate man in a frightful 
state of uncertainty, out of which he is delivered 
by the chancellor snatching &om him the paper 
which EUaaheih has left in his hands. 

In the sixth scene of the fifbh act Mjiry ia repre- 
tented in all the magnificence of royal ornament, 
■lone, clad in white in the midst of her moumfol 
attendants, with a crucifix in her hand, a crown on 
her bead, and already irradiated in their eyes with 
the celestial pardon which her misfartunes have 
obtained for her. Mary comforts her nurse, whose 
sobfl affect her with deep emotion. 

fA. (mil ni^iaer .^o^ im ganam Anift umfiecft^b.) 
raoi Bagt ifn ? aBonun nKint ^ir ? Stoicn foOttt 
3^ «ii% mit tnir> baf meinn etibtn 3iel 
9tim mblt^ no^i ba| tneitu Sanbt faOnv 

VOL. n. o 


84 fctJOltr. [XVin. 3<*r^ 

gtrin Jtnftv aufg(f)t, unti bb ^^ BetU (td) 

Itof Sng^piigtln fdwingt jur tni'ecn ^ni^. 

XW/ aU id) in bie aSai^t bee fb^m Sdnbin 

®e9(&tn war/ Unnjfittigrt ntulbflibi 

iSoC tiner fnienr gtoSen JCintgin 

9li^ iiemCr ba mar H Seiti tun mid) ju iDcinen I 

— SJo^U^ltiSf ^t^iinbi naf^et mir bee Sob, 

jDci einftc gi^ut^ ! SRit feinen fd)n)ar)«n gli^ln 
aScbeift ti meine S^mac^ — ^n SKenfdxn obettr 
Xm tiefltgefunlencn/ ba£ le$t€ SIc^fctfaL 
jDit £tant fiU)r id) uricbo; ouf bem <&auptr 
jDoi wilcb'gen ©tolj in meiner ebtin ©eth I 

(3nl»m (it (inigt ®d)ritfe iwiter notfritt) 
SBit ? gRetoil ^itt ? — SRidjt alfo, eiUc ©it I 
®tt^t auf I 3|t feib ju niTec £tnigin 
Srium^^i JU intern Zobt nid)t gelammen. 
?Stk wki ein @I{l(t ju 31i)eil/ nne id) eC nimmer 
@<f)offet, ba^ mein !Rad)nit)in bod) nl^t danj 
3n meinec gdnbe ^nbe n ifti bug bod) 
Sin greunb mir, ein JSrfEnnet mdnrt ®laubfnS, 
TOi $tm baMt in bre £0beS|lunbe. 

— SSagt, eblec SRittetf itie wfling e8 eiw^ 
3n biefcm feinbCit^n. unt)0lben Canbe. 
©«itb«n man raSi son meintt ©rite rig ? 

X)ie @atg' urn tud) t)at oft mein .^eri bet&nmnt. 

The queen distributes her jewels among her 
female attendante ; and nothing can be more affect- 
ing than the details Into which she enters respect- 
ii^ the dispositions of each, and the advice which 
she gives for their future condact. She particularly 


Storia Stuturt] SftHOn. 35 

dieplajB her generosity towardB one whose huBband 
IleuI been a traitor, in formerly accusing Jfory 
herself before Eliz^th. She tries to console her 
in her calamity, and to prove to her that she retains 

no reaentment on account of it, 

^. SBflg ic))i bit Krmc, bit SBecaubtCr nod) b<rafir 
SBovuber mir octginnt ifl frti ju fdjaUtni 
tua fyxV id) untrr tud) Mct^eUt} man nrirbr 
3ii^ ^ff' Hr mcincn \t\tfa ISiilkn et)rcn. 
3fm^ n«8 id) auf btm Sobeiiwgf trage, 
©t^tat (ud) — SJnflJnnet imt nod) einmal 
Sn Scbe ®Ianj auf metn«m aSeg gum ^immtl 1 
(3tt ben ^duldn.) SiCj ntdnt ^tUi, ®ectnib/ Stofomunbi 
Sejiinmi' ii^ raeiiw ^Iftvmrint Slriitc, 
Smn «ure 3u@enb fieut ft^ nod) bee $ugeg. 
Sur 3Xaraa»tE)a, ^aft baS n&d)|te Sb^t 
Xn melnt (Srof mut^ beim id) laflV bid) 
3udi(t a(g bie UnelikEUd)jb Donmitn. 
DaS uj be* ©atfen @<^ulb an btr nidjt rid)(, 
Sicb mein SBennSt^tnifr offenbouen — Did)/ 
D meine tteue ^anna/ reijet nii^t 
Dr Salt) bee ®oU>e6, nid)t bn gteine ^ac^. 
Ki ift bas l)6d(|te Steim* mein ©tbaditnif. 
?ttinm biefte Sut^ ! 3d) ^b'S mit etgnec ^nb 
Sir bi(^ gefK* Jn meinea Summere ©tunben, 
Uni meine (teifen S^lnen elngerooben. 
SKt biefem Sud) mltft bu bie Kugen mfi «rbinben 
ffiemi es fo nsit iH — iDiefen lefettn Dienfl 
Winfd)' it^ wn nteiner ^anna ju empfoneen. 

SStnnttij!. ^ ^Ioi(> ^diertcag' e( nii^l 


36 »tbaur. [xvni. So^^ 

fi. Siommt aOel 

Jtommt unb empfanet mtin le^M fobraw^II 

(Sit [tii^ i^vt ^aU ^iiif nnS nod) bem anbfrn f&nt tf)t 
)u gii^tn unb CQpt bit Exudebottiu -fianb untn tKfligem 
8e6* tool)!, gsargrtt^a — aiiji libe n»l|I — 
SDanli SButflopn/ fiir (uk tt(utn Dt(n|U — 
©tin gSunb brtnnt Ijeif, ©trtrube — 34 tin oi«I 
St^afltt toorbcTif bod) aud] oitl getiebtl 
Sin ebter SRann bcgiiictt mcine ®n1nibf 
Turn ftiibe forbort biffei b'^S"** •&"( — 
etrt^o, bu ^oft ba« btffu S^ ttto&^It, 
iDit teuf<^ 93raul beS ^IrimnttlS toiSIt bu mnben. 
O, eOe, txin ®tllibbe ju nonjiet)!! 1 
SctviJelid) finb tie @St(i: bieTei: Siben. 
2)a! Itim' an beintr .Rbnigin I — 9lid)ti nwifer ! 
6(M wo^l I itbt tcatil 1 8(6t ewig iot^I ! 

(@tc ivcnbeC fid) fd)neQ uon i^nen j aOt, bit aufSKebtl ent^ 
fetntn ltd).) 

Jfaf^ remains alone vith Mehil, and the scene 
which then begins ia very grand. The only grief 
that remaina to Mary, afber having provided for all 
her worldly cares, arises from being unable to 
obtain a priest of her own religion to assist her in 
her laat moments. 

Melvil, her steward, after receiraig the secret of 
her pious sorrows, informs her that he has hsea at 
Borne to take orders that he might acquire the right 
of absolving and comforting her ; he uncovers his 
head to prove his assertion, and takes out of hia 


eiS^ilUi'i iStatia @luart] A^fHer. 87 

boBom the host which the pope himself had blessed 
and sent her. The beautiful, the royal Maxy, throws 
herself at MehiVt feet ; and her eubject, invested 
with all the dignity of the church, Huffera her to 
remain in that situation, while he receives her con- 

We have already so enlarged on this tragedy that 
we have no space to introduce this scene of her 
confession, but would particularly recommend it to 
our readers. Leicetter has been conunanded by 
Mizabeth to lead Marj/ to the scaffold himself in 
order to prove that he does not love her, and Miaty't 
last greeting to him is of a dignity becoming her 
rank and beauty. 

There is some aweetness for her in that trying 
moment. She has a compassion for Leicester, all 
guilty as he is ; she feels what a remembrance she 
bequeaths to him, and this vengeance of the heart 
is not prohibited. In short, at the moment of 
death — of a death the consequence of his refusal to 
save her — she again saya to him that she loves him ; 
the solemn feelings which a last fiu^well calls forth, 
incline na to beheve these words, uttered with the 
last breath of life. 

Leicester remains alone after the departure of 
Mitry ; the feeling of despair and shame that over- 
whelma h '"! can hardly be espressed ; be listens, he 
hears all that is passing in the hall of execution, 
and when the business ia ended, he ialls senseleas 


38 *fjaier. [XVin. 3a^^ 

on the ground. We lire afterwards told that he is 
gone to France, and the grief of Eliaaheth at the 
I0B8 of her lover is the begimting of her punishment. 
£k)ETHE pronounced " Maiy Stuart " the best of 
SoHiLLBa'B historical plajs. 

©ie Sungfrau uon DcIeanS. 

Schilleb's nert production was hia "Maid of 
Orleans." This heroine, though neglected by her 
own countiy, did not escape the notice of SoHiLLEB. - 
His heart felt for her late ; and whilst reproaching 
the French with ingratitude towards Joan of Arc, 
he r^eshed her glorious memory by platnng her in 
his poetical Walhalla. It is evident that the poet 
engaged in this piece with the greatest zeal and 
delight, and tiilflUed his purpose by presenting to 
us the history and actions of that illustrious maid 
in language which cannot &il to win our affection 
Mid reverence towwrds her. 

We must picture to ourselves a yonng girl of 
sixteen, of a majestic form, but with still infantine 
features and a delicate exterior, without any 
strength but that which cornea to ber from on high, 
inspired by religion, displaying a supernatural in- 
fluence both in her actions and speech, showing in 
her discourses at times uncommon divination, at 
others an absolute ignorance of all that heaven has 
not revealed to her. 

It is thus that Sohilleb has conceived the part 


2>ti SEimgftau von Ctteonl] ^^fUtr. 89 

of Joan of Arc, He first shows her at Tanconleurs 
in tlie rustic habitation of her lather, where she 
hears a tale of the misfortnnea of France, which 
fills her with the strongest emotion. Her aged father 
blames her sadneaa, her thought&lnees, her snthu- 
siaam ; unaccustomed to penetrate the hidden power 
or motive of that which is extraordinary, he thinks 
that there is evil in all that is not habitual to him. 
A countiyman brings in an helmet, which a gipsy 
had put into his hands in a very mysterious manner. 
Joan of Arc snatches it &om him, and places it on 
her own head, while her family contemplate with 
astonishment the expresEdon of her eyes. She pro- 
phecies the triumph of I'rance and her enemy's 
defeat. A peasant tells her that there are no longer 
any miradea in the world, and she replies — 

et eefi^tn >M ffiunbcr — Oinc iwt^ SCaubc 
Sob fUegcn imb intt Xbletdliifin^ett bitfe (Stin 
^btfaOetb Ue ba< Safnianb jorri^ 
SoraUbo: Umpfen irirb fit biefcn ftol|tn 
euTsimb/ bnt W^i/axtt^^, bfefcn SdOot/ 
Sen ^mtlft&mnib ^unbtct^nMscnr 
Unb tnefen SoUbur^f bra Scmpclfdf&nbrrf 
Ui^ btfft fm^n SnftlnM^nn aCIt 
SBHt tint ^orbt e&mmec ooc fiifi jagen. 
"ha ^ta arfrb intt i^ (dii/ bn a^lai^ ©ctt 
eSrin gittcmbeC Stf^M nridi a otod^nf 
iDui(^ rint lattt Sun^u vxA tt m 


40 ddinur. [xvm. sofic^ 

After Bome reproaches, her father orders her to 
continue her UbourB, and remiuu a stranger to those 
great events with which poor shepherds have nothing 
to do. He departs. Joan remains alone ; and, about 
to leare her present abode for ever, she gives rent 
to her feelings in a larewell to her native place, which 
is of surpassing beauty. 

.SIoJianRi (aKein). 
£tbt UMt)I/ [^ fSergb t^ gelitblen Srifttitf 
3!)[ tiatilu^ fitllm Sti&terr tebct nw^ I 
Susanna nitb nun xAAf tnetitr auf fui^ imnbtbif 
3o^nna fagt ni) mitg itlxm^. 
3f)c 3Bteftn( bie id) iD&frate I 3^r fRituat, 
iDie id) atpflanjEt/ erfntt fci^ltd) fcrt 1 
CtU n)ct)Ii {^ (Sntctn unb i^r tu^Ien Sninncn! 
£u @(^, ^(be Stimme bief«8 2^Uf 
jDIc oft mir Vnboort gab attf mcinc Sicbeff 
Sofwnna sel)t unb nimmer (e^it fte niitber 1 

Sjt^ $Ui^ ade ntrinn {tiOtn Sieubov 
@uc^ (af id) tiintei mic auf immtrbat t 
3erjbMut eiu^, i^ SimmtC/ atif bo; '^(iticn I 
3^r fttb it^t rinf ^enlofe Q&fiiOXi 
Ibma tint anbct .^bc muf u^ niribtnr 
I»rt ouf btm blirt'Bm Jftbt btt ®efa^ 
SSo i(t M @tl|lt< 9Iuf an xavit traanatn i 
QKid) tuibt ni(^ eitlti, iibif<^ iQnlanotn. 

^enn ber ju CDtoftn auf beS ^ouH ^hl^txi 
3nt feur'gen eufc^ (id) flammtnb nitberlitf > 
Unb i^m btfa^If'twi: ^^cod gu |tel)nir 


Sit ^uiigAmt wn EMtani.] ^tjbflUr. 4 

Xm finp btn fcmamn SaaUn 3fai'*, 
Dtn ^icttoi fid) jum Streitcr <mttxfifyn, 
Xa fbtj ben .^trttn enibig (ic^ ti€R)it<, 
Sr f)>r<i(^ )u mfr qui bitfct SBauincfi Snxigni : 
(,®f^ t)in I £u ToUft duf Srbtn fte mit^ jtugnt. 

» J(n ran^ Sri ToKft bu bit ISlitba f^nfittiif 
ailit estotil bdttbn beint jattr SBvuft ; 
ili^ aRStmerlitbt borf b«in ^jeij bettt^wn. 
3Stt fh^'gtn Slammen titltt Srbentu^ 
9tit »{Tb btt Scatittiani brine Soctt )in:ni« 
iDti bli^ bin titblii^ Jttnb an brinn ajrnfti 
Dod) xettb' (ilf) bi4 mtt frieamft^n g^rtii/ 
Soi aOm Scbenfcmun bid) t)ei:Wi»n. 

i/9nm ntmn tm Aonqif bit aKuC^i^n wrjagnb 
ffitnn SnuOrtii^ ItfitiC e!d)idfa( nun fii^ iiaV> 
iDonn urir^ bu ntrint Oripammt tragtn 
llnbi urn bit rofii^ SSd)nUttrin bit ®a<itr 
IXn (bigot ncbtRttinbcr nitberfc^gtn) 
nnne&Iitn mirit bu frintS ®l&itt fftobi 
Sncttune brinQtn Scanlrrid)^ ■&tlbtnfit)nttir 
Itnb K^dmS bc^rtin unb btinen Ainig tibnen I " 

tfin Sri^tn ^t btr .^mtl mii cet^tt^: 
Si fenbtt mit bra ■^Im. er tommt oon i^m, 
9St @l)tttacaft ittiiittt miiii frin Qifen/ 
Unb mid) bun^mmt btr SSut^ bet S^trabim } 
3n'l Xrie3lsem6f)( ^inein win e( mi<6 tridtnr 
ei trdbt mic^ ^ mit eturmeS UngefKra t 
2)cn Stibnif ^ir' t:^ mAd)Cig gu mil bcinaenj 
Dae Sk^i^ticl ftetgt unb bit SCrotnixttii flingtn. 


42 »rbauv. [xvm. Sa^- 

"We shall give her own account of the nuBEdon 
she believeB to have received, when, in the presence 
of King Charlee VII., she is naked by the arch- 
bishop : — 

tttv^hiMfytS. HSkt U9 bui ^dtig munberbarce <SlAbi^n ! 
SBeb^ gIiicRt(4 Sanb gebac bid)? SSpii^! aSer (inb 
TAt ^Dttselitbtcn "XiXtttn, bit bii^ {eugUii ! 

^oliBnna. @^rtD&:b'ger ^ta, So^onna ncnnt man tnul). 
3(1) bin nut dneS .^{rttn niebEt Zoi^n 
XuE meinet JCinigs S^den £)om Etontf 
£)K in bcm £tcil^nfpttneel Cicgt eon SEouIf 
Unb ^liCett bit @^fe mtixta 9iattci 
Sion JCinb auf — Unb id) 1}ittt Dtel unb oft 
SviiijUB Don b«n fwmben SitfetooHi 
Hai Hbtti Wttt gclammenf unS ja Aned)tcn 
3u tnad)tnr unb ben ftembgcbonun -^rein 
UnS ouftuiioingEn, btr ba« BoB nii^t liebtj 
Unb bafi fie ft^n bie gro^ Stabt ^acii 
3an' ^itten unb bei Shidwi ft^ etm&cfjttgt 
Da titf {i% f{el)tnb @ottei flSattei; an, 
JBon ntiS )u uxnben firembn; Xittax &iimai)i 
Un< ben rin^eimfi^n Atnig gu benu^n. 
Unb wt btm l&ocf, toe tc() geboircnf fle^t 
(Sin uratt 9XuCtet!{|i]tttft:ffiiIbi jn bem 
Zkc ^wmmen ^>tIs(Tfii^en vkl sefc^f)!!. 
Unb fine ^eil'ee Sii^ ftt^ bamebenr 
lEmij oieCet fflunbo; Segeniftap betfiltnit. 
Unb in bei (SUtu &i)atttn fafi id) eenv 
Z>ic ^ci^ wcibenb/ btnn mid) jog bafl -fm:], 
Unb sing ein iamm mir in ben wufien SSergen 
IBerlocenr tmmer geigtt mit'e bet Sraum, 


Xiit Sung^ou Mn DcltanC] BfbilUv. 

SStim b^ im edjoOm bftfti (Sii^ fc^. 

— Unb rinttnaUf oU td^ eine lange Stadjt 
3n frommrr Xnba^t untct Mtftm Saintt 
iBcfefl'tn unb btm Si^Iaft tpibttjtonbt 

Z>a bat bit ^(ttigc ju tnirt tin Qifoat 
Unb galiiu tragmbr atm fon^r tnit ic^ 
XU ek^dfrrin gtOtibttf unb fie fpcai^ |u tnte: 
>, 3<^ bin'i. @t(ti auf, Soliaima. Caf bit ^bc 
jDi4 nt^ ber .gicrr ju dntm ai^tctn Sefc^^l 
Wnun biefe gii^iK I jDftfrt S^nwrt umg&itt bti 1 
lOaimt oerttlgc mdneg SotM gtinbtr 
nob ffifpx btincl .^crRn So^n no^ Sl^dtnSf 
Unb tcin' t^n mit ber tAmelUiien A»ne I" 
34 oto ^V^ai^: IQic (onn id) fol<i)a Z^t 
Otid) untanrinbtHf dnt goctt lOlagbf 
UiAmUe bti vtrbttblii^n etftdjta I 
na> fit vtrft^c : H Sint cctne Sunsfrau 
SOIIbtingt itbnxbtt .^mltdit auf Srbtni 
JGSain fit bti irb'fditn ettbt urfbtrfEt^t. 
eie^ mic^ ani Siiit Intf<^ WofjD, one bu, 
fab' ic^ btn ^€cm, btn Stttlit^nf ge^i^™' 
Unb eEttlid) bin f^ r<clf>11 1" — Unb fu bttO^ 
fttin Xugenlicb, unb aU id) aufutog fa^ 
£a nxu bn -^imnul boQ oon QngeHnat>tn< 
Z>it tnigcn n)c!ft Cilitn in bet .^anbi 
Unb fiptr 2on tMrfdinwbtt in btn Zl^a. 

— Unb fo btti 9I^tt noc^ efnanber lief 

Z)it .^tilige fi^ \t^, itnb ritf: j/Ste^ auf/ So^nal 
Si^ ntft btr ferr ju tinem anbectn QkfdAft" 
Unb aU fit in bet btilten 9tad)t etff^n. 


4A ftri&fll«r. [XVIU. 3a^. 

£a jAmtt fie imb fc^Itenb fpraft lit bUftt Sort: 

ec^om tft be( aSribe j 9^ic()t auf Si:bcn< 

XM ^ortt Zmlben ift {^ fdjivenS Soofit 

Citr^ ffrtngm 2)inifl muf fie gtliutert nNitoi { 

fUt tritr gtbfeneti ifl boit oben scof." 

Ui^ alfo fpct^tob Uef fit boe @tnianb 

Dec ^btiin folbn nnb ale X&nigin 

iDn ^immtl flanb fit ba tm @lanj bei eSonnen 

Unt) gottint SQaHtn ttugen fit ^inauf 

eanefam wrft^inbttib in ba< Sanb btr ffionntn. 

The acene in wMcli Joan of Arc would indoce 
the Duke of Burgundy to renew hie friendship with 
the King of France, is admirably executed by 


3- i^< taSlft bu t^un, Surgunb ? SBer f|t ber geinb, 
©en befae Blttfe mortbegierig fu^en ? 
iDitfo; tbit ^)rini ift $tanfreid)t @af)iv nne bib 
Xttftt SEoiifttt ifl btfn SBaffenfrtunb unb eanbdnomt} 
3t^ fttbfl bin beineS JBaKrlanbei Zoifta. 
JBft Xlle, bie bu ju oettilBen fbebff, 
9tf|irtn gn ben iCcinen — unfre TUcmt 
CHnb aufgetfioni bit^ ju tmjifangeni unfte Xnic 
IBmit, bit^ ju otK^ten — unfer ®<l)iMrt 
•^t Ceine epi^e etgen >Di^ Stimfttbig 
3|t une bas Sntli|, ftlbfl Im Seinbrt^Imt 
XXtt unfert X&nlel l^ure ^It^t tc&gt 

Biir{tinll. suit Iti^ei; Slebc fi^mti(%ItTi|d)em Son 
)6ia|t bUf Sittne I bdnt Dpftx ladtn. 
XcgQff gt( mid) bctl)&r|t bu md]t Sravo^ 


3)it SmtefcdU von Ci:Iean&] Btflttltt. IS 

31{ mtr bat D^r Dor btinnr fUtit @d)I{na«i 

Unb bdati Xugrt Seucipfdic glcilin 

Ktn gtitm -^amtfi^ mtinH SSvfmS ab. 

3a btn 9Ba|T<n> EmnoU 1 

9Kit Strdi^r nic^t mit ffiorttn la$ mil ftt^tcn. 

Bnn»U. Slit iSoctt unb bonn ®trrii^ Sftr^^t'ff ta 
iSot JBoilni bidb ? Knt^ t>ai ift SrigljtU 
Unb bet Bert&tlKT nnct bifen @ad)c. 

J. Unt trribt nu^ bit gebittnifdjt Kott) 
3u btinm Sdgtn j n[(l)t oU gb^nbc 
Oifcbriiun »iE Dot bit. — Slid um bic^ ^ I 
3n Vf^ [ieet bat enecQ&nb'f^c Sogni 
Unb Surt Sobhn becNn bal (ScftCb. 
Su ^teft ber Sconttn Jtticfljtrommrte tinnb 
®ott ^ cntfd^bciif unfrc ift bn Sltg. 
Crt f^Ki Sorbttrt frif(i)3ebtoil)iini Jwdfl 
einb mk btnit mit unfmn Snunb ju UidUn. 
— O bmm ^K&bn 1 @bln; gl^Hingf {omin 1 
^nibtt, wo bai 31<c^ ift unb bee &a^ 
34 it^ bic ©ottgefanblti rtidit bit: 
jDie ft^ftnlit^ ^^anb. Sd) niS bid) nttcnb 
^eifibtijif^n auf unfre teine 6!ritt I 
©et .JiimaKi: ift fur granfetid). ©tine Snetlt 
iDu fulirt fit ntditi fit f(d)t(n f&r btn Jtbrngt 
eSt( aUt ftnb mit Sttien gtfdimiiin. 
Sii^Dwi^ mit bicfe %a^xs' i^ unfct @a(f)t{ 
XHt cdnt Sungftau ijl i^r ttufi^i SfnnbUb. 

B. Stcfttiitenb ift btr ib^ tidglli^ ffiDCb 
Soc^ i^ aitbe ifl nit tiiue Xinbci. 
ffitnn bift @tf|tec it)i bit lESorte let^ 
eso o^tn f!t bit Unr<^ fitgrtic^ na(^ 


46 »tbaut. [xvni. 3<m- 

3<fi n>ill rii^ ivritn; i)6m>. 3u btn SBofftn ! 
lOtdn DfiCi f<& ffilll'if ifi fi^&d)ct/ oU mrin Xrm. 

A. Zm rnnnfl mii^ tint Sautoin, gitb^ mti Mnfk 
Ttec ^ant Si^lb — Zft %vtiimftiftnu J^f 
Strfi^neib tin ®efd)ifl ber .^etle ? Xommt 
Z>it ffitntrad)t au< btm tw'scn ^)fu^l t)tn»r ? 
IQag f|t unfdmlbigf ^{gr mtnft^ snti 
Sitnn tt tm Xampf nidit i|l um'i aSotertanb? 
erit nunn ifl bit 9tatur fo mit iid) ItOft 
3ni SStrtitCr bap bCT ^imtntl bit ffxtift ®a^ 
iStrUtt. unb bag bit Ztuftl fie bef^^i^nJ 
3|t aber bair ntaS id) tiir fagti suti 
Sio attbnt nli oon obtn tonnt' id)'fl f^'pf'"^ 
SB« ^itt( li* auf meiner ©diiftrtrift 
3u mit gtftUt/ baS finb'fdie 4>irtenmibii)«n 
3n ttnfelid)tn iDingen rinjunxttin i 
34 bin wr t)o^ gfltfltn nit eeflanbtn* 
©if Sunft btt Bltbt i|l btnt aSunbe fwmb. 
X)a4 imti ba ii^'a btbotfi bid) gu btnxgtiir 
et{i«' id) Qinrut)t( t)0^ ZHnge Aunbt/ 
iD« einbtt unb btr JtSuigt @tfd)id 
eitgt fonntntKQ tor mrintm JCinbtfbUd> 
Unb dnen iDonnnttil fatn' id) im HXiti^t. 

ffi. (Itb^fl bnwgt, f^Sgt bit augen ju i^ anf unb 
beliad)tet (tc mil (Sr|launtn unb Sliifintns.) 
Siit mitb mit ? mt gefdiit^ mit ? 3fE'8 tin @ott, 
iDei mir iai ^ai im titfften liBufcn wenbttl 
— ©it trfiet ni^t, bitft tflliKnbt ®t|lalt 1 
Ktinl Sltin 1 Sin ic^ lutd) &aubtt* gSad)t gtblenbft* 
00 ift'e bncd) tint f)immlird)t @tmatt ; 
3Rit (agt'a bag ^tti, fit i|t Don @ctt gtftnbtt. 


3. er [ft gerO^ n ift'8 1 3c^ ^bt nic^ 
Umfonfl etf'l)* i I** 3<Tnrt !Donnn«»I6 fdnnilgt 
Son feintr @tirne t^r&nentfKiunib ^in, 
Unb ani ben Xugen ^frubf ftcalibnbf Mi^ 
iDvc soltine Sonne Ui @e^^II f)enMC 
— Beg mit bm SSSoffen — btidtt .^ an .fl — 
tSx wtmt, a ift bQnmn0en, a ijl unfre 1 
(0i^iiwrt unb Sa^ne tntlmltn iS}ti fie eitt aitf I^ )u mit 
au^bieiteten Vnnen unb umfi^uigt ifyt mt Idbens 
rdwfUic^ UngelUm. Ea ^ire unb SMinott laffen bie 
Siimata fallen unb eikn/ t^n }u umacmfn.) 
Ab the last extract from this play, we offer the 
soliloquy in the first scene of the fourth act. 


Sic iBaffen tu^ni bei £degee St^nnt ^iftoeiffn, 
Xuf blut'se €^lad)ten folgt @efane unb San^j 
Durc^ ode Steafcn tint bet muntte Steigenj 
mtor unb ^c^ prangt in gelfefc®lonjf 
Unb ^Ttcn bauen ft^ aui gtfinen ^nxigen/ 
Unb nm bit @&ule minbet jid) ber Xiang i 
i&aS nteite SOjtimi fo^ niif bie ^^I bei ^{Ur 
2>te ntaUenb fltimen gu bem SiHnfefte. 

SInb Qinei gceube ^aif^f&lfi tnltomieti 
nnb Sin ®eban!t fdrfiet in iebcr fflnift, 
SBoe fd) no<^ jAngtl in blut'gem <^af getrcnnetf 
Zai tijoit entiJidt bit aOgemeint euft 
SBer nur jum ®tanim bet ^nlen fi^ befcnnet, 
Ser ifi bcS 9tameni |toljn fid) bewu^i 
Smeoert t|t btr ®lQn) bet atten Sttont, 
ttnb grantrdtf) f)Ulbigt Feinem Ainie^foline. 


48 »tbian. [xvin. aa^ 

Bi>4 ml^l' bit «D iin <&ercUit)c ooIknMi 
9ti(^ t%t f j ni# boe aDgnneiiK @(M } 
fOttr iff bae >^ vcnonntieU unb gctoenbtt } 
Ol ^^ Don bitfet g<j1[id)tdt jurftdr 
3n'B ajritt'fdjt eaget tft e< ^ingownbrt, 
.^iniibK )U b«n ^luibt fi/mdft bcr SBtiO, 
Unb auS bti S^tube £tcU muf i(^ mid) ^Int/ 
ZHt fc^lvm 0c^lb bd SSufenl ju eerfit^n. 

VScT? 3^? 3di tinte SSanneS SOb 
3n mcinttn tHneti SBufen trogcn ? 
jDitt ^att Don ^imiiMU (Slanj trffiUtf 
iDotf rinn urb'fd)cn £itbe fdilagcn? 
3cb mtintl Canbct Stettnin/ 
iDd ^mttn ©once Aricgerin, 
gib itKinrt ennbtfl g(tnb entbminen I 
jDoif Wi bcT Ieufd)en @onnc ncnnenr 
Unb micE) umiiditct nid}t bit SSdiam I 

(JDh SSufil frfntn bnr S«n( gt^ in rim lorii^ fduKljcnbe 
Sblcbie iib«.) 

92it MTfQ^en |tt mrin O^tl 
Ztbn ruft mit ff ine Stimtnt/ 
taabat tnir t<nn Silb ^enMr I 

SM bet @lunn bn &iijiaifi mt4 fa^tf 
Speert fauftnb mi(% umt&nUn 
3n beS t)ei^ Sttritrt SButf) 1 
SBitber f&nb' id) mefnen Sllul^ I 

SitTe Slimmctir biefe Sintf 
!Sit iimlbiilni lie mdn .^ I 
3ebe Araft in mrinnn Sufnv 


SAe Sungfrou eon DcUant.] ddptlUr. 49 

esren 1u in wtidjtm St^ntitr 
&ijmtfim fit in fBt^mu^ S^lntnl 
(na^ (fnrr «p<uift (tbfnftn;) 

gteOt' {4 i^n ttbttn ? JConnf ic^'B. ba i<^ i^ 
3n'£ Xuge fa^ ? 3^n tibttn I ISt)tt ^itt' iS, 
T)tB fEtorb^I Quf bt( ript Sniff gcjfictt I 
Unb bin i^ ftrofboc/ nxil id) ntnfc^ii^ wax ? 
3ft IRitldb @iinbt ? -- ^Sttlcib ! ■^httft bu 
Z>ee Stitldbe SStintmt unb bnr SXenfc^lidiltit 
au(^ bri ben Xnbem, Me bdn SS<(wnt gecpffrt? 
SBonnn Mvftummb fit, oU b« SBoUifcr bti^ 
Ha i<aU Sbn^Si urn fdn Stbcn fltlitt ? 
XreliWe ^ni 1 Xni ifkgd Um m'%tu H^, 
^OUtt tricb bc« SRittetbC ^:omnit Stimmt nid)t 1 

SHonnn muft' u^ i^m in bft Xngcn (e^ I 
Sic 3Ae< fc^un bfl (btin Vnetfid)U I 
axit bctntm SBSd fing bdn Seibndim an, 
UngOtnit^ 1 @in blinbtt aBnfjcug fobot (Sett, 
3Sit blinben Xuem mufuff bu't vodbrinara I 
eobdU) bu ral|ft> vttli^ bi^ (SotM ^HjOb, 
Srerifen bi4 bn .^ine Si^gtn I 

(SDicSIitoi niitbcTtoIuiffie Mirfintt in tint ftiOt SBefimut^.) 

^^nimn Stab I D ^fttf id) ninunn: 
SRit btm Sd^tneite bic^ Mitaufd)t t 
^itt' (8 nit in btinen 3u>tigtn> 

^tU'sf ffiidje ! mir geraufd)t I 
S&ilt bu nimmo; mir erfc^tUf 
•&ol|t .^immeUfini0in! 
Rinunr ic^ fann fit nii^ wtbitnnv , 
iDcint SCcmti nintm \u ^in I 

VOL. n. £ 


60 *dbaitr. [XVin. 3a^ 

9^ i^ fo^ Mn ^mmtl ofm 
Unb bti SSctl'gtn Xngefi^ I 
2)oc)) auf Qibcn ift mdti ^offeni 
Unb im 4>«nin(l i|l « nftt)t ! 
Siuftttl bu i^ auf tnii^ labtn 
3}Ufen fm;d)tbaren iSevuf 1 
JConnt' idi bitfci ^i Kitjittem 
Z)aa b« ^immri fii^taib fdjuf ! 

SSinfl bu brine Stod^ vetUnboir 
Siiflle fiCf btc ^^ wn ®ihibcn 
6tet)n in btinnn (tn'gtii ^u(r 
iDone ®ri|lre fmb( autf 
iDit ]lnftarb(i(l)enr bit Steineni 
Zrit ni(I)t fOt)Ien/ bte nic^t neintn I 
9ti(I)t bit iartc 3ung^au loSlilef 
Stiffet bu ^irtin »rid)c @«te I 

Stammert mi(^ bai SooB bet &iifaiittn, 
mH) btx Suiifl ber JCbriaef 
Sk^IbM trUb ill) mtiiu eSminei: 
Xuf bcfi ^iaen iBerget ^il). 
DocE) bu rifTejI mid) inl eebnb 
3n ben ^I^n gOrftenfoal, 
tOti^ bet ®<f)Ulb bo^ ya dtbtn, 
K4 < eC iwr ni<^ meine 93a^I I 

"The Bride of MeBBina" (^Die Braut von Me»- 
gina) is a dramatic compoeition in which Schilleb 
attempted to introdoce, after the model of the 
Greet tragediana, chorueea on the stage. The 
subject ie as follow^ : — Two brothere &11 in love 
with a young lady who has been brought up in a 


ed)UUr'CSrautt>.9Ktftna.] B^ifXtV. 51 

cloiBter, being ignorant at the time that she ia 
their siater, and one falls a victim to jealouej by 
the haad of the other, who afterwards lays violent 
hands on himself. 

The choruses are the aerrants of the two 

This tragedy is adorned with paesagea most 

This piece appeared in 18(H, and is Sohilleb's 
last historical drama. Adsust Wilheui von 
ScHusGEL, in hia lectures on "Dramatic Litera- 
ture," aays: " aoHiLLKs's last work, 'Wilhelm 
Tell,' IB, in my opinion, his best. Here he has 
returned to the poetry of history. The manner in 
which he has handled his subject is truly cordial, 
and wonderful in point of local truth. It is true 
he had here a noble source to draw &om in the 
speaking pictures of the immortal JoHAtnrBB von 


Carlyle remarks: "The skill with which the events 
are concatenated in this play corresponds to the 
truth of its delineation of character. The incidents 
of the Swiss revolution, as detailed by TscHuni or 
MiiLLEB, are here fiiithMly preserved, even to 
their minuteat branchea. The beauty of Schiixkb'b 
descriptions all can relish; their fidelity is what 
surprises every reader who has be«n in Switzer- 
land. ScHiLLEE never saw the scene of hia play, 


52 *d6ai«. [XTni. 3<**. 

bat bis diligence, bis qnickneBB, and inteiiBity of 
conception, supplied this defect. Moimtain and 
mountaineer, conspiracy and action, are all brought 
before us in tbeir true forms, all glowing in tbe 
sunshine of the poet's fency; the tyraimy of 
Gessleb, and the misery to which it had reduced 
the land, the exasperation yet patient courage of 
the pe(^le, their characters, and those of their 
leaders WAi.TH£a Fubst, Stattffachee, and 
Mklohthal, their exertions and ultimate success, 
dcBcribed as they are here, keep up a constant 
interest in the piece." 

The courage and character of tbe worthy Tell is 
admirably displayed in the first act. 

An unhappy outlaw, devoted to death by one of 
the subaltern tyrants of Switzerland, endeavours to 
save hifflself on the opposite side of the lake, where 
he thinks he may find an asylum. Tbe storm is so 
violent that no boatman ventures to risk the pas- 
sage. Tezz sees his distr^s, and, braving the 
tempestuous waves, succeeds in landing the per- 
secuted man safely on the shore. Tell is a stranger 
to tbe conspiracy which the insolence of &£8SLEa 
has excited. STAUTF^OHxa, Waltheb FirasT, and 
Absold von Melchthal are the first who pro- 
pose a plan for tbe liberation of tbeir country. 
Tell is its hero, hut not its author; he does 
not think about politics, and dreams of tyranny 
only when it disturbs bis tranquil existence ; he 


repeh it with the force of hie arm when he feela its 
aggression ; he judges, he condemns it before his 
own tribnn^ but he does not conspire. 

Tell is not represented as a tragic hero ; he 
did not think of braTing G-esbler ; he resemblea in 
all things what the peasants of Switzerland are 
generally found to be, — calm la their habits, lovers 
of repose, but terrible when their feelings are out- 

The third act displays both the principal action 
and real history of the drama. Tell passes by 
the hat which, according to Gebsleb'b order, had 
been raised on a pole in the midst of a pubhc 
square, with the command that all the country people 
should bow before it when passing. It only happens 
&om inadvertence that he has not submitted to the 
order of the Austrian governor, for it was not in 
the chw^cter of Tell to make a manifestation of his 
political opinions. Independent as the deer of the 
mountains, he lived free, but did not inquire into 
the right by which he did so. Whilst Tell is 
charged with the neglect of paying respect to the 
hat, and is about to be dragged to prison, Gdssleb 
arrives, and Tell's disobedience is related to 
him. He excuses himself by assuring him that 
what he had done arose from inadvertence, not 
from disrespect, and begs foi^veness. Gessleb 
now recollects that Teh is one of the cleverest 
archere, and he commands him to prove his skill 


54 Aeifller. [XTin. Softt^ 

before hi'm in shooting an apple from the head of 
his child ; adding, that if he neither hit the apple oof 
the child, himself and hie son should both perish. The 
anguish of Tell, the anxietj' of all who surround 
GbssIiEB, the endeavoura of Tell and the rest to 
soften the tyrant's heart, the aasumnce of the boy 
who is to have the apple placed on his head, confi- 
dent in the skill of hia Mher, present a stirring 

The child plaees himself beneath the tree, and 
the apple is put upon his head, AH the spectators 
shudder. Tell tries to bend his bow — his strength 
fails bim, a mist overabadows hia eyes ; he entreats 
O^XBSLEB to grant him death, bnt G-ebsleb is in- 
flexible, Tell hesitates yet for a conatderable 
time in s state of &ightfvQ anxiety, somedmeB 
looking at Gessleb, sometimes towards heaven — 
then at once he draws a second arrow out of his 
ijuiver, and places it in hia jerkin. He bends for- 
ward, aa if to follow the arrow which he sends 
forth; it flies— the people cry, "May the child 
live !" 

QBalttitr Cell ((ammt mit bcm ti^^l gefpninstn). 
SJattr, Sin: i|l ber Kpfd — aBu^t' i*'* i* 
Su w&cbt^ bdntn Xnaben nic^ ottU^tn, 

Tell sinks senaeleas to the ground with the 
child in his arms : he is r^sed and congratulated by 
his companions. G-ebsleb asks what design he 


had in taking a second arrow from his quiver. 
Tell refuBes to inform Tiim ; but on Gbsslxb in- 
aiating, he b^ him to spare his life if be mnst 
make answer — Gebslbb grants it. Tbll tben 
sa^e to him: 

3tit Mefcm juxiten ^dl burd^i^ id) — fiui^ 
SEidin t^ mein litbti Xtnb sctnffen ^Attti 
Uni. Suet — ma^tlW) ^' ii^ iri<i)t fltfffilt 

Gessleb, enraged at these words, orders bim to 
be chained and conveyed to prison. He is put into 
the same boat in which Gesbleb ia to pass the 
Lake of Lucerne. The storm bursts during the 
passage, as if enraged against the tjrrant. The 
tyrant is struck with lear, and asks his victim — as 
clever in rowing as in shooting— to snccour him. 
T£ll's chains are unbound; he guides the hark in 
the midst of the storm, and, aa he draws near the 
rocks, leaps swiftly on the craggy shore. He well 
knom that he must not expect to escape the tyrant's 
&rther persecution, and he then takes the resolu- 
tion of removing him out of this world. Hia end is 
— not to free his country from a foreign yoke, he 
scarcely knows whether Austria ought or ought 
not to govern Switzerland ; he knows, however, that 
man has been unjust to man; he knows that a 
&ther has been compelled to shoot on arrow near 
the heart of his child, and he thinks that the author 
of such a crime deserves to die. 


86 dtjfflic. [XVni.Sa^. 

Dtttte Scene. 

iOtt ^0^ ®afit bri fl:fifinacl)t. SSan jief)t eon Ijinfni gttiffcben 
getftn ^rninttr unb bit aBantreer tttrbenr dje fie anf bei 
Scent erfi^ntnr fi^n con btr ^b^ gtft^n. Stiftn utn? 
fi^ieStn bit ganje ®ctne ; auf tintt bti iMiTberften iff ein 
Setfpcanq mit @kftr&udi i)en<a(i)ftn. 

Ctlt (ttUt auf mit btr Xrmbnift). 

Dmi) bitfe ^^It ®affe muf er tommtn ; 

Si ffifict bin ai^ter SBcg na^ JtCi$na(I)t — <&itt 

JBoOtnb' ic^'g — iDit IScItgcnlKit ifl gonitis. 

Z)OTt bet lioKunbttfltau* oerbirat mid) i^m i 

Sim baxt ^tiab tonn ilin mtin $ftil eTlangtn i 

T>ti ffikgeS Snge n)tt)ttt ben Strful^m. 

!Kac^ beine Stedmuns mit bem ^fmrneli Scqt I 

goit mug bUr btint U^c ift obgtlauftn. 

3^1 ifbK IHQ unb ^armW — Dae ®tf(i)oS 

Skr auf befi aSalbei S^ltte nut qmdfttt, 

iCu ()a|t au8 mdntm gritben mi)^ IjerauS 
@)cfd)TectC; in g&t)renb i&i:a(I)cnei|% ^ft bn 
iDJe ^MSi Uc frommtn iDtnlort mit Demtanbelt i 
3um UngeffcuRn ^fl bu mid) gewStjut — 
Bee fidi beS ^nitS ^tcft jum 3itle H^' 
iDtt tarn au<^ ttefftn in bae ^fttj bti Stinbfl. 

Sit armen Ainbltinr bit unfd)Ulbig(nr 
jDoB tteue IBeib mufi id) cur beinec SQut^ 
SBef<lf)fi6(n, Eanboogt ! — JDo/ att id) ben SBoBtnflran 
Xnjog — alB mit bie ^nb ecjittettt — 
Kie bu mit gtaufam teufelifd)et Cup 


SRicf) pMngfli aufi ^aupt btt Xinbtt aniub^n — 
SU id) o^nm&ditig ^fienb rang Wt bUr 
Z)ainaU stlobt' ti% mn in meinnii 3nnnn 
anil fut#tKic'm (SiHfiifmt, ben nur &att i/tlfixt, 
iD<ignKtne«nil4fltn®4uf1tg trftta 3itl 
iDnn .{)«:{ fdn foOte — fBaS t4 mir gtlotit 
3n jtnrt Xugenbtidet ^Oniqualtn/ 
3ft tine ^gt ®i^, t^ niti fit jo^lm. 

Bu bi^ ntrin .^trr unb tnrinrt Aaifnt So^ t 
iDo^ ni(^ bee Aoffer ^i,ttt fit^ ettaubt, 
aSot b tt — (Sc fonbte bid) in bieft Canbt, 
ttm Sitdff jit f|)tf d)nt — flrenflcSi bcnn er jfimtt — 
IDm^ nid)t urn mit bti inbrbcrifd)(n Sufi 
IMd) tebtd ©TtucU (Iraftof ju afxtiftn, 
i£t bbt tin @Iott ju ftcoftn unb gu r^en. 

Ktonun bu ^crvati bu SSrinscr iiittm S^mrrjtni 
SRdn t^tutrt Jtlrinob jtSt> mdn ^idilter SSdiaft — 
Sin Sicl una id) bfr dtbtn/ boS Ml ic^t 
©tr fcommni Bittt unburd)brinBU<l) toot — 
SMk iit \cU ti ntd)t n)ib«ftef)n — Unb bu^ 
Catraute SBogtnft^nti bit fo oft 
gtii tnu gclrirat ^ in bee gieube ®fiHttt, 
Bttla$ Rti^ nid)t \m fftrt^Ii^n Smft t 
nur ie^t nod) ^ttc fefb tw tceutr Zbaag, 
Ctr niir fo oft ben ^boi ^rit b«fl(igctt — 
Qntr&nn' er je^ baftloi metntn ■|)inb«ij 
3ii !)ttbt tdntn jTOdttn ju oerfenben. 

(jBanberrr gt!)en iiim bie SScoie.) 

fiuf biefer Sant eon SStrin ivin id) ratt^ fttoir 
Sem SBonberer jur turjtn Sbi^ bereilet — 


Adtfaer. [_XV111.3aW 

jDtnn ^ ifl faint .^riiiuil^ — SAtttmbt 
€!i(i) an bmi Hvbtm raf(^ itnb fctmb wrdbtt, 
Unbfcogct n^t na4 ftincm e^nmi — ■&iage^ 
ZMt fDcedtwKt Jtan^onn imb btc tet^t 
®(fi^l( ^fiOffx — ha oM^ff SSiafy 
Da bfi^ St&nbcr nut tm ^ritn &fiamaxa, 
iDn e&umn: mit bem fi^iwt btlabmn 9Iofe 
iD« feme (w bmmt wn b« ffllmfc^ eSnbmv 
XVnn jeN Sttofe ffi^ an'a Snb' ber aSktt 
&t TOt )i(tien f^t iSegrt fo^ 
Xn t^ ®<f(l)&ft — ' imt> meinee ift bei Slotb ! 
(©est ^jlf^) 
jftonjl tMtm ber ffiottt auiiogf tiebe Xinbett 
2)a mar tin greuenj tvenn ti ntiebec font { 
titnn nitmoU btict' et ^einv n bca#' eui^ eCtootf 
CSor't tine \ifim Xlpcnblutnef wai'l 
81n ftltner eoacl ober Xmmontt)orn, 
aBie d ber ilBanbrn finbet auf ben Srrgcn — 
Stfit gt^ n tinem anbtm aSatbaed na^ i 
]fm wUben SBeg fi|t ei nit 3}torbe(banfcn { 
2M gtinbrt fieben ifl'e, ivorauf et lauett 
— Unb bod) an eu(f) nut benit «i fiebenXinbctf 
ICiuI) ie^t — eud) iU cett^Vgenf eute ^(be Unfd)u& 
3u fi^fi^en sot ber Stadx bei Xi^taniuni 
aSitl et jum aSotbe ieSt ben SSogen fpanmn I 

(Ett^t auf.) 
31:^ (auH ^uf tin ebltS ISiilb — eift tick's 
iOet 3%t nl^t oetbtieStn, SEage lanfl 
Vmfja tu flreifen in be* SESinfetj Strenge/ 
Son SeU iu SeU btn SBasefpiung ju t^mv 
<^inan tu Ginunen an ben glatfen B&nben/ 


ffiiC^Int ZtfL] IttjftEIItr. 50 

ffio ti fu^ anlnmt tnft btm dgntn iBlutf 
— Um rin onaftlifl iSiatt^ |n niagcn. 
^a gfU tS einen tifflu^n ^>td(f 
iCoi 4«) bd Heb^Aibt, ba mi(^ nia enbaitn. 
(aXan f)ti:t son fom tbit ^rittt aSufll, mVtf ft^ 

ffltia gonaM et&cniang ^b' {$ btn JBoatn 
@c^bf)afit/ ni{i!^ gdlbt imi^ St^Ji^nRgd { 
34 ^6t Dp eeftfulTtn in baS et^nKtrjCi 
Unb Dioiulieii f<!^iiKn ^ait mir ^ritnocbta^t 
Som Snubmfi^iefen — Sba (rati wCQ i^ 
iDcn 9Seiftn;f(f)ufi t^un irnb boC SJcflt mit 
Sm gonjen Umfreii bet ScbicgC getsitiraa 

da aatamiHee ■^atf^ bin tcl) tw^ 
@tff:n bief iBoH — bit Sungen finb nod| frev 
fi« i^ nod) nli^t aanjf mit ti foBi etb&nUat — ■ 
iDoc^ tl f«a anberi uxcbciii ii^ gtlob' tSi 
3(^ tmO i^n bcec^ bitfoi ftaam Siniii 
a)tn Eedtn @rifl btr grri^ tcOI i^ btugtn. 
Sin nni Stfct ivOl ^ in bUfen Banbtn 
Strtftnblsm — 3^ win — 
(Sin ^«il burc^bo^ i^ } n fi^d mit ber .^tinb ant ^t^ 
unb mitt {ii^n. Slit matttrStimme:) 

®ott fti mit gnibia ! 

<&ra; eanboogt — ®ottl aSaiiflbad? SBolm tam bat? 

9nns«rt (anfi^cnb). 
aHorb ! aXocb ! St taumcU. ftntt 1 <3x ift eetroffhi I 


Iftulmlpg (fptingt oom ^trte). 
« Srdgnff — ®M — .&(« Mfttti: — 
«ufr trU ffitbarmuna ©otttS on ! — 3^ fdb 
OinaXaim beg^obefl 

S)aS tft ZtVi ®efd)i)f. 
(3ft uom ^fecb ^afi bem ERubolpt) ^ami in btn Xrm 
ecgldtct unb arfrb ouf bet Son* nitbergdalTcn.) 
Cell (erfc^int oben auf b«: ^i()e beS geffen.) 
Im lennfl ben ©i^en, fu^ Trfnen anbern 1 
gni finb bie ^ftttflu fH/a ift bit Unfdiulb 
Sot bitv bn mirft btm 8anbt nid|t mt^ fdiabcn. 

(S(rfd)iirinbet iwn bee .^6^ SGoK ftdejt' ^in \) 


Besides the celebrity this great genius baa 
abtaioed as a poet and philosopher, he alao 
raoks high as an Metorian. Hia history of the 
revolt of the Netherlands la written with mnch 
warmth and interest, and gives proofs of hia great 
acqoaintance with the subject. His " Thirty-year»' 
War" ia a real masterpiece of proae writing. 
FsEDiiBiCK von ScHLEOEL, in hia " Fkilotophy of 
Sistory," in speaking of this war, aaya : " The 
whole country, the age itself seemed involved in 
wai&re; and war appeared as the permanent poli(^, 
the ruling spirit, the inveterate habit, and na,tural 

■ " Willulti TM" In B piece well adspled hi muMn to cud with 
Ibtlf mon (dfuced pupUi ; lbs ■utboi hu bean *ccunam«d llinjv to 
bm eeniln ipceulm leunt by beut, ud It li * pnetlce he would 


necesaity of majikiiid. A masterly hand (aUuding to 
Schilleb's work) has here seized and pourtrayed 
manyeveatB and incidentB, the more prominent ecenes 
and acts of this great tragedy ; the retigiouB feelingB 
and stedfast and inflexible character of the Emperor 
Febsikabd H., the high military glory and con- 
qaest of the Swedish monarch, GuataruB Adolphus, 
and the genioB and dieastrouB &te of the general, 


(j!fic^all(n(tein ^attt Abn emt Hvattt uon bdna^ 100^00 
3Sann ju ^iktm, con btncn n ang/ibttit nuttKr aU ba6 UrClfril 
berWftSungi^Otrtiinbigtnwrtenfoate. 2>t(mrfftenDff[ji«f 
nxiren feine ®<c^ft i frine aSinb, XuSfpr^ bri ®d)tdfaU 
fia ben gemdnen Golbaten. @t(njtnla< wai: fein S^igeiji lui: 
bfligfom fdn ©tolji fein geKetttifdjet ®rifl ntdit fifeisi nn» 
JtT&nCints ungnAcf)! }U (tbnibcit. Sin XngenbCid foStt {fm 
itfet Don ba geilb b<r Scmalt En ba8 9tt())te US ^tiootllanM 
^tnmtrcjlfttien. Sine (ol(l)( ©entmj flegen nnen folc^tn 
Batmdjer ju DuKftcctteiif fd)i(n ni(^ niel nKnigei: Xunft }u 
lo|bR, alS H gefoftet f;attfi {te bnn 9lid)tn )u tnttrei^Mi. Xiufe 
t)im€ man befroeetn bie BoTftil)t aebniuc^ jnid uon fiktOnc 
flrin« gnmutfien Srcimben ju Uebecbringem bi?fet fc^limmtn 
Bolfi^ iV ttt&^Ienj uielc^ bur^ bit fc^mtfi^I^^tftni Sue 
fu^muisen ber fortbauttnben taVtiiiijen Qtnobe fo feliir att 
mtgiti^ gunitbert nxtben foOte. 


62 ^tjbOIrr. [^fbrift^ SSn». 

SBallRiftein mugtt t&tigfi btn ganjtn ^nljalt itmr StnbunQi 
aU bit Xbgefonbten brt Saiftrt f^ wt Me Xugen trattn. ®r 
^ttc 9nt ae^oUr f!4 if fammtlm unb fcin ®t|ii^ )dgte 
<&ettnlritr lo&fnrenb baj SSdimn) unb SSut^ in feinem Bufcn 
ftftnntcn. ^tber er ^tte bcfdjlofftn )u ge^on^ Xiitfa Ui^ 
ttKiUrpni^ ibma^iite Vfrxi tt/t ju eimm t^ntn ®^rittt Nc 
Untliinbe leifi tmb bie Snpolten fmig ttxuren. Stint nxib 
l&uftietn ®jit(t woRn in Sfi^mtn imb 3)I%«1 jtrfbreut; 
buni) Sinjie^unQ btrfttlxn lonntt bn: Xai\a ^ bm 9t(THn 
feintt asm i«Wn''**'«- iOon t*'^ 3ufunp avxaUtt tr Ste 
nuettimtngf unb in bieftr >^frnuns belUcttcn i^ bie ^of^ 
jei^ungen eineS italitnifi^n ZfbtHe^n, ber biefen tmgeb&nbi^n 
©eiftf glri^ einm JCnabnif an ^ingtlbanbe fi^irte. S'tnii fo 
^ief «ri fyttu rt in ben Stecncn gttefcnf bof bte gtinimbt Sauf> 
ba^n feints ^am noc^ lange nid)t getnbet frit ba$ il)in Mc gus 
!unft noi^ ein I't^membtS ®l&it anfteva^ 3San bcouiiitt 
bit Sttine nii^ jn btmA^ nm ntit 3Sa^[fd)tinU^fait cor^ 
ju fagtHf iaf ein ^einb wit ®uflau Kbolp'^ tinen ©enetal mie 
aSaQenflefn nid)t lange entie^lid) lafjen nfirtit. 

iiUtt JCaiftr ift Dtrcat^r" anticortttt StSoQenflein btn ®b 
fanbtnif /i{c))bebau»i^n/aberiii)MC3eb'^m. ^iftltecrbai 
i^n btr I)o4faf)renbe SinnbtfSaiembcminiit. 3nxirt^ut 
mtc'g m^ bof a mi^ mit fo nKmetm JSiibertlanbt ^ingegebtn 
fyiU aber i^ ivill se^:<^" X)ie IXbgeotbneten tntlitS tx 
fdvfttid) btfi^nOi unb ben JCaifer erfui^te er in cinem bcmAtfjigtn 
&^mbta, i^n (eintr @unfE nic^ jn btcaubenr unb bd ben ets 
tnocbtnen itBibben jn fc^ji^ KUgenttin mat bai 3Xun:en brr 
Vcnieef ale bte Xbre^ung il)Tt4 gttb^tmi beEannt niuibf« unb 
ber bt|te SC^eil feiner Off^iere tirat foglti^ auS btm (oiferUdjen 


JDioifl; saot folgtm i^m auf fdnt SiUn niu^ ffl^inni nnb 
9Ki^n i onbat fcfltlte tx burc^ bctr&(^tli(I)c ^nfuneiv tun 
m {^ bd Qktegen^ fogltic^ bcMenen ju Urnicn. 

2)ie 3erf!5tung ^nagbcbuigS. 
(XvS bet QkTdtnt^U bet brri^i^dgen Xritflei.) 
^JQtf .^f^ung ber iBtlagettm, {it^ entft(t ju ft^ war auf 
bie ^U}^ aBaM^)efnIid)tttt gegiSnbet SHe uuften um Me 
Sttwiffiumg be« Srintgcr Sunbtfr fit nmften um bit Vik 
ni^ttune ®ti^ Vbolp^e j btlben mar bit Srljaltune 3Xaflbtc 
bur^B gltic^ wf^tiS' <"'') Mnigt Sagetnirfd)! fonnten ben 
JUnig von Sdnocbtn oor i^rt 3Sautni btingen. XIM biefeS 
tsar ban tSrnfen SiOq nidit unbrfonnt, luib eben bttnim eiUt 
n fg fe^( fi<^ auf web^ Ktt it auii fein mit^f wn 9!taebc 
burg axrifter ju mad)cit. &^ ^attt tt, bar Utbtrgabt mt^n, 
tintn Srompeltr mU Doft^btiuti @6(ctiixn an btn Xbminis 
^obt/ Aonunanbonttn nnb Staeilliat abgefenbet, aber juc 
Knbvort er^tttni ba$ man litbei ^b<n aU ftd) etgtben toftrbt. 
Sin Itbtiafter XuSfaU ber Slittett jeigte itnn, baf bet SRut^ ber 
Sdageiten ntdiH nKnigtr oU ttfatttt fei/ unb bie Kntunft bti 
Sitd^ in |)ot«bam, bit etrriftrtitn bti G^xtben ftlbft bit ax 
ittbf muften ifm mil Unm^i |o wit bie Simpo^ner fDlagbe: 
baigf mit btn ^^fltn -^offnunsen trf^n. @in juxitcr 
XrompettTr ben er on fit a&fd)iCCtef unb btr gem&figttrt 2on 
feintt ®d)teibart btpfirftt fit noft mt^ in i^ iw>af<ifi — 
aber nur, um fie in eint bt^ tltftit SSoralcfiettit ju fUkjtn. 

iOit Selagerer wortn unteibeffen mit il)ren ICpptofc^n bie 
an btn Btabtgraitn ooraebrunfltn, unb btfdjofftn son btn ouf= 
genwrfcnen JBotttritn auft iKftiflltt ffiatt unb S^ftrmt. ISin 


64 ^dmtt. ima^^ 9&«fe. 

a^urm »urtt gonj ringtftiltjfi aba tUftit tm Sngriff {U w* 
(dd)tenii ba a tddjt in ben ®tabtn fttt fonbetn fit^ ftftm&rts 
on ben Stall anlt^nte. £efi an^lbnben fSombarbitrcni unqu 
aiftt ^e bet SEaK iiici)t ciel eelUten/ unb bie aSirfang ba 
gftieiAiaelnj mtUji bit <Stabt in Sranb fleden fcUtem wurbtn 
burd) Dorteepd)* ©efltnonjlalten Otteitelt. "Xtm ber ?mtoCT= 
Donot^ bn SeUgeiden war bolb )u @nbe> unb bat @erii)&4 bee 
^(ftune iitU nail unb ntii^ aufr b«n Selaaetmi ju antoflrttn. 
0^ nturt ^bci; beretlet mm muBb SXngNbuirs entflcQt feiiir 
obn rt mat wrtoten. Stftt war bit ^ffnung in bet ©tabt 
oufi ^jb gtftiegenr unb mit ^fCtact @el|nrui^ aOe Stlide 
nod) bet ©egenb Ijinaef (t)iti txm nxUt/rt bit fdimebifdien Solwcn 
nx^n foUttn. (SnflasXbolpE) ^ielt fic^ na^ genug aufi um am 
btitten SEage dot fDla^buig ju |tel)en. tAt SSiifiet^ jidgt mit 
bet .^offnung, unb aOeS tr&^ bona bti, f e }n oerllitlm. Km 
9. tRat fin{^ uneimMirtct bie fetnbli^ £anonabe an ju fi^tteic 
geni Don me^Teten SBatteritn nmben bie ®tiicfe obffiifyct 
SDbfe StiHe im faifetU^n Sugei:. TlHUi ubet^gt bie files 
(agerten, bag i^te Sletfung naf)e feu ©et grigte S^eil bet 
SB&cgft! unb @i>lbatenm<id)en nttiift frU^ SSorgene feinen 
^olfen auf bem 9BaU, um enWitf) einmat Bocfe latiflcr Xrbeit 
bes (iSen ©djlafeS lid) ju erfteuen — abet ein t^utet &if^, 
tmb ein mt^%&i)et @Rt>ad)en I 

Sin? tiatte enbliift bet .gcffnung entfagf, ouf bem bia^etigen 
3Bege ber !6clagctung fid) nod) Dot Xntunft ber Qijaxbtn bee 
Slabt bemeiftern p Unnen > er befi^ alfoi fein Eoget aujiux 
l)cbenf juDot abet nu^ einen ®enera(flutm ju wogen. iDie 
®d)n)icrig(eiten moten gtofi ba !eine Steffte nod^ geftM*" 
unbbtege{tungtn)er(e{auinbefd)3bigtnKiten. Kbet ber StiegSE 


@^tlter'l ®ebid;te.] ^tbfUtv. 65 

tatt), ben et rxx^ammUt, atHati m ffir ben Stunn, unb fHi^U 
pd) babei auf bat JBeifptel con Sltafhitt)tr atU^ &tabt ftU) 
aSorgenBi ba IBIkgec unb Solbaten fic^ jur dta^t bt&ibtn, mit 
lUrmmbei; .fianb AbenoAUigt nwtben fei. Vn Diet Crten jix 
fllei* foUW ber Xngriff fltfdje^en t bit gonje 9lod)t jwifi^n bem 
9. unb 10. nwtbe mit ben nit^ient ^nfhtlten iugebrad)t. 
TtOti aax in SereitfdMflf unb ttxomttU, bet 2(btebe gentlf, 
ftii| urn 6 UI)t/ bat 3eid)en mit ben Sanonen. iDiefe* etfolflte, 
abci trjl itwi @tunbtn fpAWf inbem Silt:^! noii immer jtDtifet 
fyift twa*" b<fi StfolgS, noc^ dnmal ben Jtriegiral^ oetfom- 
luflte. ^appenfKim ntacb beoibeitf auf bie ^teufl&ttifc^n SSerte 
ben Kngciff ju t^un i ein abt)&ngigti; ^aU unb ein tco^tri 
iriii)t aIC{u tiefec ©raben lam i^nen babei ju 0tatten. 3>et 
ffcbfte X^i( bee St^rget; unb @oIbafen gotten bie aS&He cers 
[affenf unb bie roentgen SutfitCgcbliebenen fefleUe bet €!d)Iaf. 
eSo murbc li biefem ©tiwol niit)t fd)a>er, bei iSirfle ben lEBall 
}ii erPeigen, 

Sobilijib's unfiniahed novel, "J3er Geittergeher," 
waa publiahed in 1789. It is known to the English 
public by Mr. Bohu's recent translation. 

sohuxbb'b po£Mb. 

His poema are man;- in nnmber, and moat of 
them very remarkable for highly poetic composition 
and the new thoughts and new beauties with which 
they are impressed. "We here give a few of the 
choicest, including the charming composition " Htw 
Lied von der Qlocke" (The Song of the Bell), of 


66 AdbOler. [mOfit: 

whicli poem DoRtsa has remarked, that it " is not 
improperlj compared to a homily. For aa tbe 
preacher goes through a certain portion of Ehr^ 
tare from verae to venie, and finds occasion to add 
moral and religiouB reflections to each, so here the 
poet connects with the moulding of the bell, and 
with each difierent stage of its progress, a nnmber 
of most admirable descriptions of the situations 
and drcumatances of human life." 

This also has been familiatized in Bn^and by 
the unanrpaaaed tranalatioTi of the Earl of KUes- 

ISine geic^enfantajte. 

Stt^t ber SRonb anf tcbtenjhilen '^aEnttv 

etu^enb fttei^ bet 9ta[^tg(t|t baxii bit guft - 
9le&e(»o(!ni fif)auerib 
®tenK trounn 
Sldc^ ^abf mit Satnixn in bn iSrtt^ 
tSteid^ ©ef^enflnmf (faintnt unb ^t)I unb ^agtif 

3it^t im fc^a^tn Sobtnipon^» tot 
@in ©ewtminel nod) bem Srit^nlasei: 
Unterm S^nerflDi: bet ®rabnai^t fott 

SStttecnb an bn Xdtit 
BBn: mit bfiltam rittfflefuntnem SMt, 

XuisegolTen in dn ^euKnb ^i^ 
©dimfr gtneift noni (ifenwa ®^i^\iiti 


» %iK Cri^fontattc''] ftdbOUr. 67 

Biiaaatt bnn fhimiR gftragncn SSarge nai^? 
glo^ eC HSattct" non M SAngKng* Sippt? 

Qaxu SUtar^oote blumen |i4- ' — 

Sofynfen feine g«u«»unbe 1 
Dncd) bit 0eeb ^blbnT(i)mn:i ! 

etflottr eicfalt lugt n ^ter tnt S£uct)(f 
Unb bcin Sraum fo gijben tin|t fo filf 1 

6uS unb 0olbni Sato: Ht jum Slu())e I 

Si^U« tUta3t liiq^ai^im Znd^ 
iOritu SBotrat anb bcin ^acobici ! — 

i&Wbt VMi umipc^t vcn @U^ume(£ifttnf 

!Qic au< %irata« Utnannung gcfc^IAipftf 
^fmmlifi^ smgtott mit tofioni XififUtir 

gloceng eSo^ &to bal Slummfttb ^kp^ 
S(O0 a: tin^ anf bm ladjenben tSitfnv 

9tad)gcfl>i(6(U wn ftlbmur SIi>t' 
tSoduftflamnua tntCpcfilitni ben JtOfln 

SaatMi bit SKibdien in UebtiUx @Iut. 

i^ut^ig rprang n tin ISca&^U ber aKtnf(!f)en( 

SBit ttuf ©fbirgni tin jugenbH* »I) ) 
{tinunet umflog tr in (4n>ttotnbcn SBonf^nir 

■^ nne bCc HMn in UMllieei: fiif) } 
et0l| nrit Int SlDfft fi4 ttiaoben unb \ifi.wmti, 

Seiftn im @tumK bte SU^ntn untlKTr 
AtnigG^ toibti btn SSstl H bSumtnr 

Slot ec vac Sttooen nnb S^cfltn b<if)er. 



^^titet me {frJiiitingetaa Ti^anii i^m bai itbtxii 

i>fIo^ if)m Dodiber in ^cipcnit ®Ianir 
Jtlagm trtrinft' er im ®oIbe ba: Sttbnif 

ESiijtturien txrtidp^' ei: im niirlKlnbtn Xoiii. 
SB(Uen f^tefen ini ^[iifien 3uneenj 

^ I roenn « riii|bn jum Sllannt aetrift — 
%Kut Wlj, aatn, bti ^(i(l)en Sungcn 

SBenn rfnfi fcif (ii)lafent«n fidme gernpl 

^tin bo^ SBotn — '&oi(f) bit Jtir^^oft^e braufttf 

Unb bie efnr'iun Kngel Ricren auf — 
SSi('( Ijinein inS ©rabgmtilb* gtaufrtl — 

9t«n b04^ I la^ ben X^iinen i^nn Eauf 1 — > 
(St^r bu ^eOxT, g(^ tin $fab ber Sonne 

^(ubig nwiter bet SBoOeiibung }U/ 
eif^e nun btn cbein iCutft nac^ Sonne 

@ianuirtbunbner> in SQal^lCol ERul) ! — 

OTkbn:fe^n — ^immlifi^ ©ebonh I — 

ffiieberfe^en bort an Sbenfl SE^oi: t • 
■^il I bet ®aTa Htfintt mit bumpfigem ®ef(lntKn(er 

SSimmecnb ftt)nurrt bat Zobtenfeil empor 1 
£a wfr tninten um einanbtr roUten/ 

KpiJtn fc^mitgen, unb ba* Suge fpto<^ — 
^Itet I pallet I ba nir bo£^aft groUKn — 

Vbtt X^Anen iiihrjten nirmer nac^ 

f&it etftmbntm @d)eintn 

©tt^t ber 3Ronb auf tobtenfBUni ^tnni> 

@eu^(nb fbreii^t ber 3[a(l)tsei|I binrd) bie Cu^ 
Stcbelivolbn fn^uem. 
Sterne trauecn 
Sleit^ Iftxabt wie CamiKn fn bet (Stuft. 


wSuKErit^nfantafit."] AtfttOtt. 60 

iDnmpfig fionerte fibet'm ©Mfl ium ^flgd. 

O uin ffirtbalB ®(W«t nut no(% dmn ffltiii 
StotT unb raig fdjIieSt b(* SteaW Swfltt, 
jDumpffi: — butnpftt fd]on«tt fiber'm ®acg juni ^&^ 

9timm« gibt baS ®rob jurfct 

£)a§ @[^if unb W SffieiSI^eit. 

©ntjnjeit mit (incm gaonriten 

gtoa tinfl bol ®Ui(I Ut aSrii^it ju; 
fl3* njai bit mnne esd)i8e bitten, 

eStt Dwint grfunbmn bu I 
iMit mriiwn «id)|len fcl)6n(ien ®o6ni 

Sef^enK' id) i^ fo mfittreadv 
Unb ffe^, (T ttill nai^ immer ^abtn, 

Unb nenni no* flrijig mii^ 
Bomm, ©(^nxfki-, lag un« gteunbfiftaft f^tiepov 

©n marteiH bi* on beinem ^flug j 
3n briiKn ®d)ooS mitt i* fie gielen, 

.^itt ift flit bidj unb mi* fltnue." 
Bop^ X&ijtU biefen fBotttn, 

ttnb toif*t ben ®(^ig wrai Knflefit^; 
«£iott riU twin Sreunb, ff^ ju etmortKn, 

Bre^IinEl tudj 1 Ei* brauc^' ic^ ni^t" 

tt^iUjl bu nidjt bas eimmldn ^tm? 

eimmttin tft Co fromm nnb fonff, 
WS^ ttd) Don b(S ®raf« Slfit^n, 

©pitlenb an brt SBarf)e* JRanft. 
«aJhiCtei:, gSuttrt, tag mii^ ge^, 


SSiHlt bu nufit bit ^etibe locCen 

SSit Ut <|)ornt( mmtcnn ^lang? 
eicblic^ t6nt twr &tiaB. bn Stodta 

»2)tutteT, fKuttCTf laf mid) ge^ 
6(i)Wrifni auf Ixn nnltien <^6^nl" 
QHiQft bu nirfit bcr iBIibntdn aaiteni 

Xlit im fSntt freunbltd) {bl)'n ? 
!Draaf<n labct bidi tein @ait(n i 

aSUb i|l'e auf b«n milben ^it)'n 1 ' 
ffCa^ bit S3iibilrin, iaf fit blu^ I 
WMtc, mutttt, \ai tni^ jit^mt" 
Vtib bci Jtnabt 0iiig ju lagm, 

Unb tS titibt unb iri^ i^n fort* 
Sta^S fort mit blinbtm SBogtn 

Xn brt Sktgei ftnflern Oct i 
JBot i^m ^ mit SQinbegrdnuIb 
glit^t bit jittnnbe Sajtlle. 
9uf bn S«I[en nadte SHnxn 

Jtlettnt fie mit Idi^tn @cl)wiing t 
iDur4 ben SRie gtbmft'net SQpptn 

Srigt fie bee envogte SSfitung ; 
Kbft ^intec i^ ctniMgen 
Solgt n: mit b«n £obe<bogtn. 
j|e(i> auf ben ft^f^n 3,iafm 

>^ngt fitf auf bem ^^n @rab, 
SSo bit S'lfen jal) onitidenf 

Unb «cfd)ti>unben ift bet ^fob. 
Untei fid) bie fteitt ^tlK, 
Winter (it^ befi geinbe* «i^ 


n SMC naptT^&^a.'i'] dtifOtr. 

i^it bit Samtncra ftnmtnen BStttn 
Ste^ |u ju bem {Ktctni 9)aiuir 

St^nnifDit^ bma MfHbiiitiiif 
bgt n 1if|dn btn Soetn on. 

¥U«lt4 au« txr StlfenTpalte 
2ntt btr ®tiftj ber SBtrgHaltc. 
CInb mit feinin S&ttn^anbtn 

ff!!Su$t bu Sob unb 3ainmn fcnbcib 
Wuft w, Mi ^uf in mir? 

Staum ffti XOc ^t bie Srbc j 
asac wrHeR ba tnnnt .^mbt? 

3Me SBorte beS @IaubenS. 
j©ni SBorte ncnn' id) eui^, in^Itfi^na/ 

0it ge§en oon ^Sunbe )u ^Sunbc } 
jCod) ftammen |ie nid]t son auf«n ^ j 

1D(d ^eqi nuc gitbt bovcn JCunbc. 
Son fOtenfd)en ift alia aSeiti) geiaubtr 
fBOm a nl^t mt^ an bic bid SBorte gloaU. 
Btt ^m 19 fed 6tf«aff(n, ift frtC 

Unb niiirb' « in SUtttn gtbortn. 
aoSt eu4 m*t imn beS *6btK ©efil^wi, 

9t{(l)t btn SSifbcaui^ raftiibet S£^omt 1 
fBor bcm SitUmn, rotmt « bie JtetCe tirid)ti 
Sot ban fceten fKenfdfcn Rjitttrt niditl 
ffinb bit Sugnibf fie ift !dn Utm SklnIC, 

ZXt aStnfii^ tann fit fiben im Sebov 
Unb foOt' a au^ ftvaud^In ibttOSt 

lit lam nod) btm ©ittUi^ firtben { 


'2 A^aitv. [®ebt4te : 

Unb was !dn Sinfliinb b» SSerfl&nbigen {le^, 
IDal ibtt in ISinfaU cut Knblid) ®cni&t^. 

tElnb ctn @ott ifb ein fjdlten: SQUle Ubt, 

.&0* iib«r bee 3rit unb beta Stoumt lutbt 

Sebenbig bn ^id)fte iSebonle ; 
Unb ob inttj in enngetn B«^(I treiftf 
Sfi be^onet int ffiet^tl tin iu|!(|ctr ®tifL 

Bie btei aSotte beica^et «iil)r in^Itft^mxCf 

Sit p^njtt wa 9Ilunbe ju aXunbe i 
Unb ftamnKn |te glei<% nii^t twn aoflui ^« 

Suer 3nn'TCj giebt bauon JCunbcr 
Z)cni fOtmr^n i|t ninuner fein IScTtt) atraubt/ 
SSo long' n: nod) on bie bici SBorte glaubt. 

£)a3 £inb in ber SQicge. 

l^lAtflidfcr €S&ugUns I bii f|I tin nntnbli^ Baunt m^ bit 
jQetbe llSann unb bit ivirb tng bit untnUid)c fBttt. 

Mn We SRpfHfer. 

^ai t|t tbtn baS wolict ©e^rimmf. ba< aDtn bar Vugen 

Sitgtf tuc^ noid nnigibtf abtr Don Jttintm gtfe^n. 

J^annft bu ni^ ILUtn gefaOtn burd] btint X^ot unb brin 
£un|hceTf : 
3Sact)' (S Sffitnistn 9icct)t j SJielen gtfdttm ifl fdilimnu 


J5ie iSurgfc^aft. 

SBitoe* ben iDoldi im ©(wanbe ) 
2ia fdjlugen bit ^6f*er in SBanb*. 
ifSBai weliUft bu mit bent iOoIcN? fpt^l" 
Sntgegntt ifim finflfr txr SfU^rid). 
»»3)ie ®tabt onn Sttrannen btfniml"" 
„10a6 fonft bu am Xnuse bneucn." 

f///^<^ bin!"" fpritfit ientr, rmia Iteten bwtiti 
unb bitte nit^t urn mtin £cben ) 
tio^ xmUft bu ®nabt mit gtbdi/ 
3<^ fte|t bid) urn brei Sage 3cit/ 
Sid i(b bie 0d)tMft(i ban @atttn geftdt ) 
3^ laffe ben Ji^unb bic att S&rgtni 
2^n magft bUf tnttinn' i<(if cm&retn." " 

So Utifttt ber ASnte mit airger Siftr 
Unb f^nrtd)! nat^ furjcm Scbtnlen : 
iiSni Sage wtU i^ bit fii)enbn } 
£w!) nriffle I wemi fte wr^^n/ Mc gri^ 
@^' bu gurnet tnir gtQcbtn Hftr 
@o taup ec flott bcinti trblaHinif 
Z)Oi% to ifl bit ®traf( ntaftn." 

Qlnb n fommt jum Sreunbt : ,i /ilOtr £Snts eetxutj 
Sag ii^ am Jtoeuj mit bem bbra 
Seja^le ba< finxlnbe ettcbtn ) 
jDad) win tt mir gtnntn biei Sage 3cit( 
tBii fd) bit 6d)nx^ bcm (Gotten etfreit; 
eSo bitib bn b(m Aints itun ^fonbe, 
SSil ii^ tommt, ju tAftn bit Sanbe."" 


Wni fi^nwisenb umannt i^n ber tttut %ttutibt 
Unt litftrt fii^ airt btm Sttranncib 
iDtt nnbm jie^ eon bannen. 
Unb ttic bat brtttc SOtocgenrotl) fd)cintr 
^t tr fi^ntU mit bem fflatlen bie SSc^rjUi: Ktrinti 
Silt f)eim mit forQ(nb« @cel(f 
Damit n bie Jfcift ni(^ wrft^te. 

Qa gitflt uiintliItd)eE Stegnt fyxabi 
!Bon bra Sngni (t&rjtn bie QiHllMif 
Unb bit SBii)ti bie Stttme f^Ilra/ 
Unb CT bmmt an'S Ufer mil wanbnnbem &tabi 
2)0 wifet bie ffirfifc ber €Sttubel ^iiwby 
Unb bonnffnb fprengen bit SQogm 
XMS Sonilbce ica<^nben SBogtn. 

tSnb bD^ int ei an Ufer« 9Ianb i 
aSie writ tt fliMi) fiii^et unb bli&t 
Unb bit Stintmtr bie nifenbef fd)icEetr 
2>a fUfet fein 9tac^n mm ^tdjon Stcanb, 
2)n: ifin feSe an bat ermdnfi^e Canb/ 
Aein edfiifftr Icnbt bie SAIirtr 
Unb ber milbe Strom wirb ium 3Keere. 

j8a fintt er on't Ufer unb mcint unb fle^ 
SMe .^bc jum Sent ec^oben : 
„£) Ijemme beg Qtxmitt Zobai 1 
Si (i(cn bie Stunben, im aRittag fie^ 
2)ie Sonne* unb wenn fie nitinqe^ti 
UrA id) tann bie Stabt nu^ enrcid>cn/ 
00 muS bei gnunb mit tcbleic^n." 

J8di$ nac^enb enteut |t(^ bet Stromet SSut^r 
Unb SeOe onf SSelk geixinnetf 


« 5Dk as4tBf4<"p."] ftt^OUr. 

Unb Sftnitte on SStunbt tntdnnct) 

iDa ttnbt {|n bit Xng^i ba faft a fii( Shit^i 

Unb tnfrft fuf) ^liiirin in bit biaufcnbc gln^t 

Unb tl)dlt mit gntuttigen Xnncn 

iCen SStiontr unb tin @lon ^ ISvbamitn. 

Snb etttiinntt bai Ufrr unb (tbt fbrtr 
Unb banht btm ntttnttn iBottc ; 
iE)a ftiteitt bit raubnibt fRettt 
^troat taii btf Salbet n&t^ii^ Oct, 
T)tn ¥fab Hj-m fpntmbi nnb fc^nanbtt Oteb 
Unb ^nnitt M XSanbtrtri Silt 
aSit bn^enb Qtfdnitmetntr Jtnilt. 

/rSBai noIU i^t ?" raft a mi Gi^ndtn bltCt^ 
»3tf) ^att nid^t, alB mtin Ccbcnf 
XUB ntuEi ic^ btm Jttnigt gtbtnl" 
Unb tntnift bit £tulc ban idiit)|ten gltU^ : 
«Uni btt gctunbeS toiHin etbotmrt tut^!" 
Unb bcti mtt genuUigtn Stidc^n 
Sritat €Tj bit anbem entnxtdfcn. 

fSnb bit Siomit ctrftnbct g%tnben Siaiibf 
Unb tnm bci nntnblit^n SR&fjt 
Snnattet fin!tn bit £nitt i 
»D ^ bu mid) gn&bie au« SUiabet^nb/ 
Xui bem ®tn»n mii^ etretttt an'i ^ttligt 8anbf 
Unb fon ^ Berfdjmaitenb OEiberbfn, 
Unb btr gnunb mir, ber litbenbtr fterben?" 

^Binb ^otc^ 1 ba ffmibcU ti fabtr^eU 
®ani notft tsit ritrclnbet 91au{i^ 
Unb (UOt 1)i.U a, )u [au|(I)tn. 
Unb fUS)', aui bem Stlfnir gtr#t>&t{a fi^IIf 


®pringt mucmelnb ^enwc ein btxnbigei dutH i 
Unb fwubtg bfittc (t fiit) nitbn, 
Unb erfrtfiW bit bttnnenben Slictm. 

®nb bie Sonne bliA bun)) brt ^ige @rfin 
Unb matt auf ben gl&njenboi SHatten 
S>er S&utne gigantif<f)e @4^tten ; 
Unb ixoti aSanbecer fie^t n bie Strafie gtefinf 
SBin tittnbrn EauftS twtflbec flitfini 
Sa ^itt tt tie aSocte fie fagen : 
»3e6t wfcb « an'« Jtteuj BefiWas"'-" 

Qnb bie Xnsfl bcflQgcIt ben eiUnbenSuff 
2^n iagen Uc Sorgen Clualtnr 
iOa fdiiramevn in ICbenbrotti'e Stra^Ien 
aJon feme bie Sinwn oon ©pcatuS/ 
Unb entgegra tommt i^m ^tiilofbatuSr 
Brt .^uTeS reblidjet |)iiler, 
iE« ertennt enCfeftt ben iSebieter: 

H SSur^CE 1 bu rettefl bm Snunb nid^ mef|i:i 
@o ntle bad etgcne Scben 1 
Sta Zci eileibet a eben. 
Sion @timbe ju ®tunbe genxitttt' tt 
aSit doffEnber SSeelt bet aSteberfe^ : 
3t)>n fotmtt ben mutl)tgen @[auben 
Sn '^o1)n bee SCtirannen nic^t rauben." 

II n^nb ift ed ju fp&ti unb lann u^ i^n nii^ 
Sin SitOti miiaomniBn erfdjrinen, 
®o foQ mid) brr Sob i^m ncninen. 
Sep i^me bee blut'ge SE^ann fC^ nid)tf 
t>a9 ber ^cunb bent {fceunbe gebro^ bit ^Jfli^t} 
St f^Iodjte ber Opfet jweie* 
Unb fllau6e an Ciebe unb ateii*!"" 


'] drttffler. 77 

ISnb bit ®onne QE^t unhr, ba (ielit « am SE^ 
Unb lie^t baa Jtreuj fdjon er^ifirt, 
S)(ij bit Sttnee gaffenb um|te^t, 
3Cn btm S5eil( [(fton jit^t man btn gwunb tmpot j 
iDo jtttrtnnf tx flnoaOig ben bttfittn Qfyte. 
HiftlSi*; ^!n:!"" tuft er, „„eni>farflrtl 
iDa bin ii^ fb; btn nr gtbfirget I" " 

Winb iSrftamien trgreift ba£ JBoH um^ 
3n ben ^nncn titgni fit^ betbtf 
Unb mtintn oor ©t^mnrjfn unb gmilt. 
iDa fte^t man (tin Kugt t^i&nenlter, 
Unb jmn JCSnige bringt man bit aBunbennl^r* 
£)ec fO^lt ein menfi^lii^e mi}ttn, 
gift fif)nca Dor btn Sliron fit f%en. 

Wnb blidet fit langt utrmunbtrt an, 
Drouf fpri^ a : „(ii tft tu4 flelunfltn, 
3^r ^atit bai ^crj mir btjwunfltn, 
Unb bie Ztatt, fit ifl bod) (tin Itera: KBo^n. 
@o netimet au<t) mid) jum ffltnorTen on: 
3^ fd, emd^rt mir bit aSitlt, 
3n niiem Sunbt ber Sirtltc." 

2)fl8 gieb »ott ber ©lode. 

TiToa TOCO, Mortnoi pl«Dgo. Fulgftm fiamgo. 
Jftfl gemaunn in ber Stbtn 
©te^t bie gorm, aus 8(^m gebtonnt. 
■|ku» muf bit ®lode ititrben, 
grifd), ©eftlten 1 feib jur ,&anbl 

Son ber ©timt ^cifi 

Stinnen mufi ber @<f|weifif 
6oU bat SBtri ben UStifter bbtn, 
Z>o^ bet SSegtn (ommt nan obcn. 

[3,1. :i,,G00tjl>J 

iSum ItBnEci baf icit emit bctntnif 
Qtejicmt fid) wo^l ein (mttrt SBort i 
BSenn gute SRibcti (it btgttiten, 
Sann flieft bit ^ittit tnuntti foit 
@D [afit un£ itQt mtt gidg betrad)tenr 
IBiK buctfi bit ftintKi^t J^ft tntfpringtt 
iOtn f<f)Itt^ 3Iann mit| man wio^tib 
S)« nit beba^f toafl er DDUbringt 
Ztti iff i ja. -aai bm aStnfi^n jitntf 
Unb boju uatb ttim bei S3nfianbr 
©aS tr im tnnern .^tt^tn fpurtt 
SBaS « ttfi^afft mit feinet ^nb. 

IVe^niet .^Ij unn ^Ii^nftaninur 

£10$ m^ troden lofit tt ]nn, 

£aS bit eingqjTe^tc glamnu 

^tege ju bem @!d|it)al<i| ^inein. 
Soibt bt« JCupftri SSrn, 
SdjntS bag Sinn ^ibdf 

S>aniit bit jJUit ®lodtnfp«ift 

Slitfe na^ bn Rd)t(n Xitiftl 
QKai in btS 3)ammt< titftt (Brubt 
Z)ie ^lonb mit gtutrS ^iilfe baut, 
^o<f) auf bcS X^unntg (Slodtnfhibt 
2)a wiib tS eon una jtugen Laut 
3to(t) bauern nirb'l in fp&tcn Xagtn/ 
Unb cAlRtn tttiltr SXcnf^tn SD^v, 
Unb niib mit ben Stttfibtnt tio.g/m, 
Unb flimmtn ju btt Xnbadit C^IBi^- 
ma unttn titf bcm Stbtnfo^nt 
DaS rotciifeUibf ffitr^inflnif bringt/ 
IO0S fcyigt an bit mtJaU'ne Jtront/ 
iDtt tj tibaulitf) Ktitti llinst. 


WkiSt asiofni f(^ id) fptingtiv 
SESotU He gXaiTtn linb un gluj. 
bift't arit Xfi^ol) tiurd)tirmscn( 
3)<K bcffcbot fdimn t>n> 0t4i 
Xuil^oom £S4auiiUTrin 
9Stu6 bit BXifi^ne fcuij 
SDaf Dcm nintufxn fUtdallt 
9!dn unb voQ tih Stiinint fdnllt. 
Scnn mit t«r Smtbc SeitrlCange 
SJegr^ fit bag oclictite £tnb 
Xuf frinM eebcnS nfitm ©angt, 
3)Ri t< in ^Mifaftt Xmt btglnni i 
3^ni lu^n nod) {m ^enfci)Mfie 
Cit ^ijKotitn unb bit tjciton Cooft, 
XM ffihittn&bc jartt eSorgni 
Ben>a4«n frinm goCbntn iDtorstn. — 
XKe 3a^t |Ue^en pftHarfn^tiiinb. 
ajom !DIdli(^ rei^t fi4 ftol) bn Xnait, 
@T lUnnt inB itim tnOb ^naut, 
Xnu^ift bit SGelt am SBanbtrftabcr 
Srtmb ((l}tt n ^cim in'j Kattr^iK. 
Unb ^cntid), in ber Sugenb ftcangtnr 
fBSt tin ©(bilb aul .^imnitU ^itiix, 
SRit )&c^nr verfubiinf en Stengnv 
0i(^t ti bit Sungfran doc ftd) ftt^ 
iDa fapt ein nanttnloftfi Stt^nen 
jD(« SfinfllinBi ^j, n krt aUein, 
Xnl feinen Xugen biei^n X^ineni 
@T flit^t btr Sr^btr nnlbcn 9teil)n } 
Gtrlt^nb folgt er i^ren Spurtnt 
Unb ift wn il)i:ein Qliuf U0at, 


fttjnier. [®«bi(^e: 

T>at <3ij^ftt fuii)t n auf ben Slurtn/ 
SSomit tx feint Stebe rd)mii^. 
D ! iottt ©e^nfuc^t, filfiefi ^offtn* 
©et trften Sek golbnc 3«tt' 
X)ai Kuge fic^t ben ^immel of en> 
<El f^iwlfit boB ^evj in geliafeit ! 
D, ba^ fU ettng gtiiiKn bliebcf 
SMe r<^ne Sett twc iungcn £ub( I 

aSte fic^ fdion bie ?ifeifen brSuntn ! 

£)iefeE ®t&Hcn taud)' itl) dn j 

@c^n vAt'i AbcrgloT't nfctieintiv 

SBirb'i jum ©uffe jeilig ftin. 
3(W. ©efdlin, frifd)! 
$)rdft mit bag ©entire 

Cb baS Sptibc mit bem aBetd)en 

®i(^ HTtint jum gitCen 3eid)cn. 
jDenn wo bai Strenge mit btm SatCeni 
SSo ®tar(efi fic^ unb tiSilbee paarteiK 
jDd giebt ti eintn gutcn Jdang. 
X)niin priife* iwr fit^ troig Hnbet, 
Ob fief) baS |)sij jum ^jen pnbet! 
S)er Siaitn ift turj, Me Situ' ift long, 
eiebtid) in bei: Sr&utt Soiten 
@p{eU bn iun9fT&uIid)( ^canj/ 
aSenn tie ^ellen JCird)en9lo(£en 
eaben ju b(« ^efiee @Ian). 
J(cl)l bfS Sebfne fil)6n|te Stlet 
Snbigt dud) ben Sebeng^OtaJi 
suit bem ©firlel. mit bem ®d)Ie{n: 
Weift bet (d)ine aSal)n enfjnWi. 
jDie eeibenf(^ft flitt)!* 


tnt eiebc roup blnbeti } 
©if Bluine Derblii^ 
SHe S™!^ mu^ titibaij 
3)er 9Kann mug ^inouC 
3n* ftinbli^ fatan, 
aitufl toitkn unb ftctbcn 
Unb gafloDini unb r<^iaffenf ' 
Qtliflnif ettafftn, 
SRuil tiwttcn unb mogen, 

Xxt ftrimt ^trbd bte nncnbOt^ (Babt, 

se foirt r4 bn esprit^ mit opi^^bt, 

£>tt gUunu moi^, ti bt^nt fu^ boe ^ut, 

Unb btinntn maUtt 

2)ie jSi^tige ^uefiau, 

)Di( fflhitto: ber JMnbtr, 

Unb ^errfi^t toeffe 

Sm t)&ii«Uc^n Jtnift/ 

Unb Ufyctt bu fOUtx^ 

Unb nKtjnt ben AnabtRr 

Unb reget Dl)n' Snbe 

£iU pfiSigen ^inbe. 

Unb me^rt t«n @n»inn 

9)tit oibntnbcm ®innf 

Unb ffiUet mtt ®d|&Ben bte bufCenben iabtrti 

Unb bnf)t urn bie ft^nnrrenbe Spinbcl btn %abtn, 

Unb fammclt tni mntti^ ^gl&Itetcn Skfjcein 

Bit fdiimmtnibe aSoUtf ben Mnwigtm Seui/ 

Unb ffigct )um ISutcn ten ©lanj unb btn S^mn, 

Unb nitKt nimmn:. 

HSnb bn Slater mit ^o^ SBM, 



Son btt .^ufti nxitft^ucnbtm (Sitbel 

®i«^ bet ^>fo|^ laenibt S&ume 
Unb bn @<^unni gefSUte SAxant, 
Unb bte ®pri(^i:, uom ^gen gtbogetir 
Unb bed Aontci towgtt SKog^' 
Wfllinrt m mit ftoftwn 3Jhmb: 
geft, roif bet ffiibe ®nmb, 
@cgen be8 Ungl&cte fSStait 
Ste^t mu: bei ^ur<B ^(^ I 
<Do4 mtt be§ ®efi:^<IeS 3X&d)tcn 
3ff tein ew'ger SSunb p f[e(^ttnr 
Unb baS UasH&i fd^eitet fdmeO. 

nSo^I I nun lann bn @n| beginnenf 
®cl)ln flejodet tH ber ffltuci) i 
Doi^i bcwr mir'8 laffen rinnenj 
SBeht etnen frommen Sptaifl 
Stof t ben ^fcn auS I 
(Sou Uma^' hai ^ani 1 
Saudienb in be* ^nfeis SBogen 
Sdliett'i mtt feutrbrauntn SBoeen. 

TOo^utiatie ifi beg s^^ mai^t, 

aBenn fit ber USenfci) btj&^tr beu)ad)tr 
Unb toot er btlbeti mae et fc^affti 
IDaS banft et biefer |)tninie[ jtraft i 
Sioit) fui(i)tbar vtrb bit .^mtlBbaft 
ffienn fie ber gclfet jicf) enteofp, 
Sin^ertntt auf ber etgnen Gpucr 
Eie freie aod)ter ber Sfifltur. 
iBe^, roenn fie toSgtIaffen, 
SSad)fenb o^ne aSiberflanbf 


mn bar ®Io*."] ^ifbOUv. 

iDiai) bit uoKbcItbten (Safitn 

SAljt bat unse^nmn Stronb ! 

iDenn Me Slmentt ^ffm 

X«ai @ebi(b tvi gXenf^cn^nb. 


QniUt t« SStflcn, 

Sttimt bet SItgeni 

UuS tin aSoCIe, gfnie Sa^I, 

3u(tt bcr @tTat)l 

■^M ilic'i loimintn) ^i)wmSl) 

Z)a8 iff Stum ! 

Sotti, wie Stut, 

3il bw .&inMiKt, 

iDaS i9 n^t bee Soaea ^utl 

Siet^ ©tttomd, 

Etra^ni auf! 

!Oami)f nwllt auf 1 

gladenib Ibiflt bit goitcffimt, 

»urd) ber gSttaS* lanflf 3dl( 

aB&d)ft t j foit mit aSiiitxirile. 

So^nnb, wif auS Dfeng mdim, 

&m<n bi( eflftt, SSoItai Ira^n, 

¥fo|ten ftiirien, 

gtnfler tttimti 

AinbcE jammmii 

asteer tetni 

Untec SErilimnetn : 
JfOeS rennet, retteC, flfi^tet/ 
Sag^U ift bie Ko^ Bttt*t<t 
©ut* bei: .^inbe tangt JCette 


iftdtflltr. [mtiii^e : 

limbic aSette 

glicgt Ui iSuRer, ^Dd) tm SSogen 

&fn^n queUen 9Bafla»Dg(iif 

iKultnb bmml bet Sturm st^ogcnr 

^btx bfc glamme btaofcnb fu^t. 

¥t;af1e(nb in bte bftnt %cuiit 

Sddt fUj in M @petci)eT« 91&umtf 

3n bet SSpanen btert Siumef 

llnb aI6 tooOtt fte tm SBe^n 

^mt Rc^ fDit bn: Ocbt Siiui^ 

Stttfoir in gewalt'gn; glu^ 

S&(l)fl fie in btt .^rimmeU -(lE^ 



ffieul)t btr IStnfc^ bet SitttilUirle, 

aitii^fg ftt^ n feine SSetlt 

Unb bewunbmib untngt^n. 

3{t bie StJiUe, 

!QUber Sttone tau^eS SJettc 
3n ben fiben gntffec^^Ien 
aSo^nt but Qteauenf 
Unb beS ^iinmeU aSaOtit f^ouoi 
^»i) t)in(in. 

(fincn Slict 
Katft bem ©rate 
€Se{nei: <|Kibe 

@>enbet nod) Ut ^Dtenfc^ jnrAtE — 
©teift ftl^lit^ bann jum SBSonbetftobe : 
aSkS geuers SSut^ t^m outfe gecaubt, 
tSin ffi^ 2io|l ift i^m aebtieben, 


« 8irb Don Ut ®Io*."] fttifHw. 

(b )S^(t bit .^ftitptn friner 9kUa, 
Unb fit^ I i^ fel)[t tdn t^mns <^upt. 
3n bit @Tb' ift't aufgenommtni 
SiacRid) ift bie gom gef^ i 
!Si):b'6 aiu^ fc^n }u Zaqit hmtnmt 
iDog (I %USf unb £unf{ MTgilt ? 
IBnra b(c ®uf roiglang ? 
JEQtnn bit Sonn jrifgnang! 
X4 1 trieOdt^/ inbem imr to1^n< 
^ unS Un^ fd)on gdrofltn. 

jBcnt btinfein Sil^iwf ber IftH'fftt (Stbt 
Scrtnutn wii bn ^abt Zfyit, 
Strtraut ber ®&niann fnne Soot 
Unb ^oflti baf fit tntlnmra nttbt 
$am Segm naii btS ^imauU Bta^ 
9loi^ ttftU^emi Soiuntn bagcn 
SBn; tcauccnb in bet Srbc @<tioo$ 
Unb t)o|^n> ba$ n oua ben SSTgen 
^blfUm foti )u f(I)iiienn Coot. 

{Fon bnn ^Dontd 
Qiiatt unb bangr 
SUntbit @lade 

@tnft begldttn itm Xrauerft^lJlQe 
®n(n aSanb'cer auf btni fcftWn SSege. 

9c^I bie Sattin ifft, btc t^un< 
3C(^ I « iff bit tteut WtvOec, 
XAt bee fi^arjt gjtet bet e<^tn 
9Be0f%t aui bem Krm t!(< ©attend 
XuS ber ioiten £inbci: @ifiax, 
2Hc Itt btfi^b ifnn eebatf 


tAt fit an itt tnuen ffirufi 
SBa*fea fa^ mft gSuttetluft — 

einb gcltet auf immtibat:; 
Ccnn fie no^nt im ®<l)atttnlanbti 
■Dft bes ^wfrt fKuttre wati 
IDmn a fc^tt f^r tmuS aSatteni 

%n onwaWtrt ©tStCe fcfeattni 
iBitb tie grembcr liebelut. 

JBi£ bie @Iode fi^ onfCi^let, 
Sogt ik fiwnge Krteit tru^n- 
asie (m 8aub bn iBoael fpicbt, 
stSag fiifi i^M sAtlid) t^un. 
i8antt Ut 0tmw eid)I, 
Sebig aUa 9^ii/t, 
^btt b<r Sinrfi^ bie Sieiptx fifelagMi i 
SRriita tnu^ H fo"""^ ptogtn. 
flSunttr firtret feint ©4titte 
gren tnt anlbwi gotjl bo: aOanbret 
9tai^ bee liebeii ^eimat^f)fittt. 
Bl6<Ienb jle^n Ijeiin bie ©*aafe, 
Unb bee Sttnbcr 
Sieitseftimte, glatte ®^aren 
jeomtnen br&Henbi 
©ie flotw^nten ©tide fWenb. 
®i^n>ei (Krein 
©ftitwiift b« SBasen. 
Jtombttoben i 
SSunt t»n Sorbet!/ 
auf ben ©fltbtn 
etegt bn JCmnif 


w eitb Don btc SloAe."] gfcftiUn. 

Unb bai iuudt JBoII bn e^nittn 

aSoitt unb ®tni^ locrbtn ftCRn; 
Urn bte Su^ stftirse Slonmu 
Sonuntln fii!^ bit ^au6b<nw§iKTf 

Unb ba« Sitabttffot fd)Iie^ iid) tnanrmb. 
SS^toDTi bttKdn 

e[(^ bit istbt f 

iDo^ ben fif^ Sftrger fdjtccht 
«tcf)t bie 9lad|t, 
t)it ben S&Ttn scagli^ nHcbt : 
Senn bad Xugt beg ®tfetee mai^. 

^^eil'gt Cnrbnung 1 Cegennt^e 
^mmHtto^ta:! Ut bal ®Iriil^ 
gni unb (nd^ anb fcntbtg binbOr 
Dit bei ®tAt4e SSau gegcfinbcti 
iKe t>t«in wm btn ISefilben 
9&f ben ungeTdTgni SBObem 
SinRal in bcc aXcnfi:^ ■fifittn, 
®ie getvi^nt ju ftinften &ttm, 
Unb bdt tljtunlte ba ESanbe 
SliK^r ben Xrteb jum Satedanbc ! 

CanTmb flnf'se <^bc nfltn, 
{■elftn fi4 in mnnttnn Stmbf 
Unb {m feurigcn IScniegen 
ISoben aSe SxifU btnb. 
Strifin: r%t ft4l unb QStfeOf 
3n btr 3»it)eU ^eiTgera S^uftf 
3eber ^t fief) frioet SMQe, 
tBietet btm KniijUt Zn^. 
Srbeit if! be« Sfirgtrt Siobe, 


e^rt ben Jthiig frine aBflrbe, 

^olbrv Stiebc, 
®^e Sintiai^f 
5B(ilrt, wtilrt 

gwunbU* abet btefn ®tabtl 
SRigt 1^ bor Sflfl erfn^n, 
Sto m Aiiegee cau^e ^iben 
CiefeS fWU a^l burdsttben, 
tSto bet ^imtnelr 
txn beS KbenbS fanfte 91M^ 
eiebUdi mattf 

fflon ber iDkfer, oon ber ©tibte 
ffiilbem SStanbe fil)K(Ri* flia^U i 
^un yabttifi mvc baS ©ebSube. 
Seine Xb(id)t ^at'8 erfflttt, 
jDoS litf) -^eti unb Xuge iwibe 
Kn bein nrofelgcluna'nen fflitb. 
Sdwringt ben ^mmer. fil)tmnat, 
!8U bei 3)I(tnteI fpcinsti 
asenn We ®l<ict' fott oufctfklKni 
gSuB bit Socm in StMen flelien. 
jBet gSeiftet hnn bie gonn ierbterfien 
IDlit weifer ^i*. jut tedjten 3eit s 
Hoi) m)jt, mam in SIamm{nbS<t)cn 
©as 9'4^'nbt ®ti ft* fflW ^efwitl 
iBIinb»at^enb mit beg IDonnett Xtai/mi 
3erfprenBt H boS gebotftnc ^uS, 
Unb ttie au8 afnem ^VUxaaiitn 


» eieb von tm Slcdt."] ^cfiflltr. 

©pdt H aseiberbtn jibitcnb au& 

aSc ro^e Xr&fte finnloj nuttRtr 
ZM tann |id) !dn QkbiO) etftaltcn } 
SBmn fi4 bt( SJlfce felbft (nftdn, 
10a tonn bit 3Sot)tfa^tt mcl]t gtbti^'n. 

nacf)', nxnn fid) in bem Q^oot bar SHlbtc 
£Hr gtuarjunber ftill ge^itfti 
2)ae £Bo[!r ieiTttfknb feint Sitttti 
ixa QimW^' ft^cttui) greiftl 
Xu jetret an bet @Iacte @ti&naen 
lOct ICu^ni^ir baf fie i)cul(nb f(I)aUt 
Unbr nut getveifit ju SnebtnSfl&ngenr 
Die foftma anfHmmt iui Steuialt. 

jFcetfKtt unb Slei^^eit ! tiirt man fd^iQen j 
Eer nifi'ge Stager flceift juc ffietje'. 
SDte ©ttaSen fflUen ficl), bie ^tfcn/ 
Unb SCftrgetbanbtn jiefin \xmfyxi 
S>a nxrben SSeiber )u ^^inen 
Unb trtiben mit Sntfe^en ®if)Ctj : 
^oi) judenbi mit be* ^antfteri ^neni 
iSetrri^ fie beS SeinbtS ^erj. 
9Iid)tg 4<d[{9t§ f|t me^r, eS l£fen 
SH* atte SBanbe frommer ®il)eu i 
lOer (Bute rlumt ben ?ilafi bem aSifm* 
Unb ade Gafht ntolten feci 
@ef&^id) ift' j( ben Eeu )u mcctenf 
Setberbli^ ift b<« Xicger^ 3at|n/ 
Sebod) bet fd)cecnid)fte bn ®<!)R(tenr 
©a8 iH ber SSenfil) in fetnem iffio^a 
3Se^ benem bie bem Qniiebttnben 
Zit% etd)te* liimmeUfadel lei^n ! 


4>ti£H(r. [» ikb wn ba mOt" 

@it tba^lt il)in nit^tr f e Eonn nut iflnben 
Unb ifi%«rt StiM' unh Mnlwr em. 

J^ubc Iiat mfr @ott eeget>en I 
@e^ I ivie ein gotbiur SStenir 
Xui btt ^&lfe, bUmt unb ebcn/ 
6<^ fid) ber melollne Xaa. 
Son bem ^Im ;um Jtranj 

Xud) Ixl SioppmS nnie Sd)tlbcc 
eot>en btn ecfafiT'iun liSilbor. 

I^minl (Krein! 

©eftOtn altef fAlic^ ben Stei^m 

iDaf nnc bte (DlocCe taufenb u>ef^n, 

Qoneotbia foQ i^ Slame fein. 

3ur Qinttad)tr ju ^inni^em ffineine 

Serfcunmle fie bie liebenbe @eninne. 

®nb bteg fei fottan ttir Semft 
SQd}u tier SSeifter |te etfi^fl 
^oi} Hbrc'm niebecn iScbenleben 
SSoU fie im btouen {lEinmel^Ui 
iDie 9la(t)&ai:{n beS iDonnetei ^djaseien 
Unb Biinsen an Me ©temenoeU, 
fifea eine Stintm* fetn con oben. 
XBie ber ©efttme ^ Si^ari 
tAt i^n SdjSiJfer manbelnb loben 
Unb fil^ren ba( betrJutjte 3<i^r. 
KuE enitgen unb emflen jDingen 
SSti i^ metaUner 3Sunb qaoaifti 
Unb ^blict) mit ben fclmeClen S^mfngen 
BJeti^r' im Sluge fie bie Sett 


Stm @d)icCral UiIk iic He ^unge i 
@e[(>ft tKtjIoii olint aSttgtfit!)!, 
aSteUitt |tt mil j^on 6if|touiia( 
Xxi itbtttS nM(I)ftt<)oIIt( CSp&L 
Unb nnf bo: Jtlong tm C^ oergc^b 
XXt iniil)ti0 i&ncnb {^ entfifealltr 
@o blm fit/ bop ni(^ btflt^. 
Xtaf oKei 3it>(fi^ eniwltt. 

^to mit btr Jttaft txi SSRangrt 
SBitgt bie (Slocf mk au« ber (Srufb 
jDag fit in boi ffieit^ be< XUmga 
etdgt, in bit ■^mtUlufCI 
3it^r )tt^. ^btl 
@{( boMet |!i^ fc^bt 1 
gntibc biefra Stabt btbeutCf 
Stiebeftii^trft StUutt. 
Schillbb's works include several T^uable philo- 
sophical treatiBes, of which we would lume one 
" Ueber naive omJ tmtimentale Diehtung" (1795), 
devoted to the consideration of the principles of 
art ; and the " Briefe Her die dttltetiaehe Hrxiehmig 
del MeTUckon" (Letters on the Esthetic Education 
of Mankind). His letters to Wuhbiu y. HuM- 
' BOLDT and Go£TE£ are charming examples of 
^istoWy correspondence. In taking our leave of 
him, we may remuk with Mettzsl, " there ia no 
principle, no feeling of honour and right, which 
may not be confirmed by a beautiM passage, or by 
an important sentence, from Soeilleii's works, and 
these expressions live in tho mouths of the people." 


3Cbf(^iet) worn gefct. 

Snit^n im Det(d)&int«i Xngcftditr 
Scitt fte cor bUtv i^r Uit^ ju empfangm : 
®te (u^ €8; b(Kl) f&c^t |u H rnHft. 
2M ®atni a3<{fan toihifd^ fif ju edangcni 
Xxit !Bai)rt)eU cdlittf ben J^liminn nit^ it^ifi. 
9luc nwm rin ^n^ tmpf&nglid) fib baS &#iu 
Sm !Su|tn fd)Ui0tf ifl wtrt^ baf n (u fcAiu- 

Ipi^ l&ngec tvoOen bicfe SiclKi Icteif 
XU bis il)c JOang ein ffl^Unb '^oj trfrtut. 
9Xtt f^inem ^fjantafiem ti umgcbtii/ 
3u ^J^mn SefiilHen es gcnwOit j 
3ui: fenun 9lat^It raoOtn |le iH^ fi^bcitr 
Sit t6ntenf fit ott^oHen in ha 3eit 
iDcfi XugenbtideS Eufl ^ |tt gtbortitf 
@ie fltt^n fort im leii^ Sonj btt ^ocn. 

9n eeng enva^t' auf btn rewSnnten Xrifltn 
®<f)it$t fro^ Stbcn iugtnblid) ^m>oi:( 
ZHe @taubt raiitit bit Euft mit fRettorbfiften, 
iDen .^mel fiUIt ein muntm ^lin^ijot, 
Unb Sung unb Mtt orgeat Ticl) in ben Mften 
Unb ^euet iid) unb fd)it»Ist mit Zu%' unb C^. 
2)et Senj entflit^I XHe Slume fdiitfit in Somtn 
Unb feiiK bteibt eon cOm, nxlc^ famen. 


fart IW* 

Gosthi'b Lirk, Stc. Dkamahc WamNOB : "Laime det 
Vrrlieblett:" "DielTiltcAuldiffeti:" "SItUa." "ClavdiiKiim 
VUlaBeila/' "Clamgoi" "IphigeniautTtturit" " 'KirgiHito 
Ta*m" "Egmmii" "Fautl." Prosb WairwoB : " Wir- 
lAeri Laden." " WWktIm Meiiter ," •• WahrAeif imd Dinh- 
tmngi" " Die Btuebeiehreibung von HaUtn ;" " Vtber Suntt 
and AUtrtktm." Epic Fobmb: " Rtiiteeke Fuelu ;" " Herr- 
mamvud Dorolhta." Pobmb: " Dtr ErlkSiUg ;" "Sprach;" 
"Wmdren NaehtHed" " Meera-Slitle :" "G^nde»." 
"Derl^ier;" " Grenien der Meniehlieil ,-" "Rati:" "Der 
Sanger ;" " Erimerwng." Fbaomxntb in Fkobb and 


E^u jaW "it e«Iiii 

Mr. InpdM Cratju •tolliiiii. 


?art m, 


These is, perhapB, no man who has occupied M 
high s place in the literature of the last half century, 
and that in such varied departmentB, as Gdxthx. 
The author of " Fautt" " Werther" " Qotn von 
BetiicMn^en" and " Hgfoont" haa effected a laeting 
impreaeioQ on the genius of the age. 

The remarkB &om the pen of a writer in the 
Westminater and Foreign Quarterly ', on review- 
ing the work " Briefe von vnd an &othe\" will 
iUuetrate the nevep*nding interest which is taken 
in his life and wridnga. 

" Gofche und kein Ende (Oothe and no End) ! may 
the reader weU exclaim, at the sight of another 
book about the wonderfiil 'Weimarian.' And yet, 
in Hpite of the enormous mass of writing already 
published about this man, the public curiosity is 
uusated. Book after book, criticism after criticiem, 

I nritlmliulir BaUie. Oclober, IMS. 

' -LtUrri It ami {rtm GoiTai," Mlttcd br Ol- F. W. Rienwr. 

Ltipilg, 1MB. 


96 ffiitte. [XVin. 3*air^ 

contribution aJter contribntion, Qoethe as a man of 
science, Goethe as an artist, GhjsTHK in Ub public 
life, Goethe in Mb private life, Goethe's opinionB, 
and Goethe'b conveisationB — tliese are themes that 
have been pUyed upon by skil&l and imskilftil 
hands, harmonionaly and diBCordantly ; with good 
result, with small result, and with no result at all ; 
and jet the cry is Cfiithe mtd kein Ende! for 
hitherto we have not had the last word respect- 
ing the deep anA intricate problem of his nature. 
Curiously enough, amidst the mass of pubUcations 
there has been no biography ; forDoBKiK a's ^Briefe' 
and scanty memoir is rather a thread on which are 
strung the facts of Goethe's life, than a biography. 
"Sa German author has had the laudable ambition 
ofwriting a life of the greatest of German authors. 
This may in some meaaore be accounted for, by 
their having so mMiy sources at hand through 
which to know Goethe, that they do not need a 

Similfff are the remarks in an article of Fraser's 
Magazine, entitled "Qathe oTid hig CrUic»": — 

"There is no literature which has not largely 
contributed to the vast bulk of Gothian criticism. 
Nor have authors contented themselves with a 
simple translation of his works ; they have discour- 
sed about them, and never grown weary of the sub- 
ject. We cannot name one English tnmslator of 
" Faust," who, by way of preface, has not famished 


hia commentary to the ertraoFdinary poem. Within 
the last twenty years, every Engliali reyiew, quarterly 
and monthly, has once a year at least devoted a paper 
to the elucidation and illustration of the poet's 
character op writii^." 

Hin death has made no change in the flow of this 
species of literature '. 

The principal circumstances of his life may best 
be glanced at by an examination of hia own work, 
"DiehtiMff und Wakrheit." 

^otann SSEolfgang bon Groettte 

Was bom on the 28th of August, 1749, at Frauk- 
ibit on the Maine. The narrative of his life opens 
with a curious and detailed description of the aspect 
of the heavens at his birth. 

Upon the feelings of his childhood he then dwells 
with the most agreeable minuteness, picturing with 
a lii^ering eloquence the walks, haunts, and amuse- 
ments of those early days, and describes his imagi- 
nation when yet a child as occupied with reflections 
on objects of the highest and most mysterious 
nature. In these aiccoonts of his youthAil years, we 
find many indications of the fiiture course of the 
great poet. 

His habits even then were solitary, but he had 
the advantage of receiving an excellent home- 

1 Ho. UIl*.— Octobat, 1S47. 
VOL. H. H 

98 (Goiit. [@it^t'«3ueaib. 

education — a STstem, by the way, which he himself 
condemna. He recalle with delight the recollection 
of his firet reading Sobinton Crusoe, and dwells with 
rapture on the happiness which he experienced 
in the perusal of Bluebeard, Fortunatus, the 
Wandering Jew, &a. — tales which have long been 
the eonunon property of Europe. Some of the 
youthful adventures which he afterwards records 
manifest much of the enthiudasni and of the whim- 
sicalily of genius. 

The outbreak of the Seven Years' "War was the 
occasion of great discord in his famQy, the one part 
espousing the cause of Austria — the other, that of 
Prussia. His great-grandfather, aa senator of 
Frankfort, had carried the crown at the election of 
Francis I., and was, with some other members of 
the family, on the side of Austria : his father had 
been nomioated imperial counsellor by ^EVancia' 
rival, Charles Vli,, ^id inclined to the Prussian 
interest. GoEiEBhimselfwas dazzled by the talents 
of Frederic, and, without entering into the merits 
of the dispute between the states, centred on him 
his admiration. He quarrdled accordingly with 
his grand&ther; and other disputes, on different 
grounds, i^ch he had with hia schoolfellows, 
estranged him also from their society. To these 
quurela uid theb consequences he attributes the 
indifference to public opinion, which was a striking 
feature of his whole life. His studies continued un- 


espcQ^bium.] ^otbt. 99 

abated; and be particDlarl^ notes the effect wbicb 
Kiopstock's "Megnat" had on him at its first ap- 
pearance. Tbia work his father would not allow to be 
a poem at all, it being unfortunately without rhyme, 
a diGumHtance which many "stujnbled" at; but hia 
family paid it the national tribute of admiration. 

An unexpected event, in his tenth year, intro- 
duced him to the theatre. The l^ncb entered 
Frankfort in 1759, and, of course, brought with 
them their drama. GiObths became acquainted with 
the players, and entered with interest into their 
aSaira. TTjh father's house was occupied by the 
Count de Thorane, who behaved with the politenesa 
which at that time characterized the French army, 
without being able to conciliate the old Gobthe, 
whose entertainment was rather constrained than 

The circumstance of having such a guest iad- 
litated his acquisition of French ; to the knowledge 
of which language he soon added that of English 
and Hebrew. The reason of his learning the latter 
is singular ; he had composed a httle romance, in 
which be introduced a ridiculous character speaking 
the jargon of the Glerm&n Jews ', snA this inci- 
dentally si^gested the idea of learning the lan- 
guage in earnest. TTin studies were thence naturally 
directed to the Bible ; he speaks thus of them : — 


100 IKtdit. [xvin. Sow. 

" This Btiidy of the sacred books concentrated in 
one single point aJl my scattered acqoirements, 
aJl the powers of my audentaiLding and judgment. 
I am unable to describe the sensation of internal 
eatis&ction which I ^>erienced, when I could 
penetrate into the profound meaning of theee won* 
diouB writings. When my too active imagination 
led me astray — when &ble and history, mythoh^ 
and religion, mingling in my mind, left my ideas 
confused — in its pages I took refuge; and found in 
their perusal all the charms at once of the deepest 
solitude and of the most agreeable society." 

Under the influence of these feelings he wrote 
the history of Joseph in a poetical kind of prose— 
a great exertion indeed for a boy Bcarcel^ adeaneed 
beyond childhood. 

In the meantime his diligence did not slacken, 
and in his sixteenth year (1765) he entered the 
VniTersity of Leipzig, nnder the care of the Pro- 
fessor BoHUE. Here he made much progress, and 
proceeded to cultivate his poetical powers; bat, 
destined by his &ther for the bar, a profession to 
which he had a great disinclination, and uncertain 
what line to pursue, his studies were carried on 
amid great melancholy. His earlier poems and 
his youthfiil dramatic efibrts, " J>ie Laune dei Ver- 
liebten" (1766), and "Bi^ Mifgchuldigen" (1768), 
bear marks of the sad and gloomy feelings under 
which he laboured. Lbbsiso's " Lao&oon," which 


9bt^t )u etraCbucg.] t&'o^t. 101 

now appe««d, and ■Wdtoeblmasm's " Sttiory of 
Grecian Art," served in some meaanie to divert 
his mind into another channel, and powerfully to 
awaken hia enthasiaam for art. He met at Leipzig 
some of the greatest men of the day, and on them 
Mid their works haa given many very acute and 
ingenious remains. Hia introduction to Gott- 
acHED in particular is most amusing '. Here, too, 
he wrote some dramas, which, dissatisfied with 
himself^ he burnt on leaving Leipzig for the Uni- 
versity of Jena, after a three years' residence. His 
return home from hence was soon rendered impe- 
rative; an abscess forming in his throat, from 
which he was cured by his physician in a manner 
which he evidently considers almost miracoloas. 

Assailed at this time by the extravagant enthu- 
siasm of a female mystic, he fell to reading alchymy, 
astrology, and cabal ' ; and even allowed himself 
to be snperstitioaBly affected by omens and signs *. 

In the year 1770, GtOETHb removed to Strasburg 
for the completion of his studies. 

His career as an author was soon about to com- 
mence. "Certiun subjects," he says, "had in a 
manner rooted themselves in my soul, and were 
by degrees taking a poetic^ aspect. These were 
' Qots von Serlichinyen' and ' .Wautt.' The life 
of the former had made a deep impression 


102 «ratit- {XVni. 3a^^. 

upon me. The rough and honourable character 
of this independent man, at a period of eaTnge 
anarchy, inspired me vith the HvelieBt interrat. 
In the popular drama, of which Fatut is the hero, 
I found more than one tonevhichTihrated Btrongly 
in my very soul. I, also, hod passed through the 
circle of the sciences, aoA had eu'ly convinced 
myself of their vanity. All my endeaTouis to 
find felicity in lif^ had hitherto proved fruitless. 
I delighted in meditating on these subjects in my 
aoUtary hours, although, as yet, without writii^ 
anything," In this state of mind he read Gold- 
smith's " Vicar qf Wakefield," which appears to 
have strongly affected him ; and, about the smne 
time, Shaktpeare became the idol of his soul. Erom 
this moment he threw off the trammels of French 
anthority, and renounced Toltaire, though paying 
due tribute to the talents of that extraordinary 
man. Nor were these feelings peculiar to him 
alone : they were shared by him in common with 
the whole literary circle at Strasbui^, which in- 
cluded the names of Heodes, Letiz, Waqites, and 
HsmBiOH SitLinfG. 

From his attachment at this period to Friederike, 
the daughter of a clergyman, near Strasbui^, 
sprang some of his finest poems. After obtaining 
his Doctor's Degree, he returned once more to 
Frankfort, in 1771. 
In 1773, he completed the drama " GStz von 


&it^t'i nlSnt^'O <Gitbt. 108 

Berliehingen" wUcli mimifested much origmality, 
and was well received. Ita freah and Tigoroua 
portraiture of real life gives to it a gre&ter amoont 
of force and vividneBa than even his own later 
dramas can claim- 
Engaged in prepuing " Weriher" which he 
gave to the world in 1771, he informs us that he 
endeavoured " to &ee his mind from all external in- 
fluence, to regard aU out of himself with benevolence 
and Section, and to leave all to produce their 
e&cts ou him according to their respective natures." 
Canses more matter-of-fact may be found in hia 
having become acquainted with people whose habita 
and manners he has ponrtrayed in that romance. 
The work made a great sensation in Germany. 
Ladies vied with one another as to who waa the 
original Charlotte, a circumstance not a little 
amuaing to Gobthb ; and critics reviewed it, aa 
criticB wiU do ; whilst vnts, aa vrita will do, eveiy- 
where parodied uid burleaqued it. 

The work is blemished by some passages cX 
doubtful morality, which, in after life, the poet 
himself repudiated. The aame year aaw the pub- 
lication of his tragedy " Clmngo," which was warmly 
welcomed, and has yet lost nothing of its popularity. 
He was at thia time engaged, with J. G. Sohkibbxb 
of Frankfort (his future brother-in-law) and Mzbck 
of Darmstadt — solid and original characters, whose 
acquaintance most have been beneficial to the 


104 fiiatlpe. [U. 9(riiAe. 

poet — in conducting the " ^anhfwrtm- gelehrtea 
Ameigm" (Frankfort Literary Advertiser), whidi 
vaa tlie means of introducing him to the acquaint- 
ance of La^tatxb, Babedow, soA Jaoobi. 

In 1775, GoETKB accompanied the brothere 
Stollbebb on a vieit to Switzerland. 

He had now taken a high rank in the esteem of 
his countrymeit ; and invited by the Grand Duke 
of Saxe Weimar, removed thither on the Ist of 
November, 1775. Here he mixed with Hekseb, 
"WiELAin), the SoHiiEOBLS, Edibiiisei, Ifflajtd, 
and ScEiLLEB, men the most distinguished in Ger- 
many (many of whose characters he aubsequently 
sketched in a style most vivacious and agreeable), 
and waa presented to the reaponaible office of privy 

BBCOMD FEBIOS (1775 — 1832). 

With his arrival in these claasie regions' com- 
menced the moat brilliant period of his life. He 
ahortly undertook, with the assistance of many 
kindred spirits, the superintendence of the Weimar 
Theatre, and was honoured with the patent of 
nobility in 1782. 

In the meautime he had produced the operas of 
" Erviin wtd Elmire" and " ClawUne von ViUa 
SeUa;" and, in dramatic composition, "Stella," a 

' Welmu hii b««a not luappropiiBMlf (lyled Uia " AChsDi " of 


Sil^ltn aXtifter.] <Gitbt. 105 

tr^edy Aill oS powertiil and impassioned feeling, 
"Die QetehwUter" (The Sisters), "Her IVtimpA der 
En^findtamkeit" and "Die Vogel" in which last 
he Huccessfiillyimitated the "Birdi^' oiArittophimet. 

It was on hia visit to Italy, in the year 1786, that 
he prepu«d the materiala for the dassical drama c^ 
"Iphiginie" which in the followii^ year was given 
to the world. Borne had satisfied his thirst for art ; 
Naples, the thirst for nature's beauties. His tour 
through the sunny land had inspired him alao with 
the noble subject of hia " T&rqaato Ta»»o." 

Kow, on his return to Weimar, commenced his 
friendship with Sohilles, a friendship interrupted 
only with the death of the latter in 1805, an er^t 
which affected Goethe with heart-felt sorrow. 

The touching and incomparable tragedy of " Eg- 
mont^" appeared in 1787; the comedies "J)er 
Qrotieopta" and- the " Bwrgerget^eral" prepared 
for the performances at Weimar, in 1792-8 ; and, in 
the year following, the poetical and truthfiil narra- 
tive " Wllkelm Meitter" which records hia own 
adventures in hia "years of study" and "years of 

QoETEE now directed hia attention to the fields 
of lyric and epic poetry, and rendered himself 
fiunoua — in the former, by an exquisite remodelling 

r:„i- :i-,G00tjl>J 

106 «atit. [^)corairi% ^BkOt. 

of the old and popular poem "SeinecX:e Fucht" 
(1794), sad by numerouB ballada, full of genuine 
poetrf ; in the latter, by bis " Hermann and Doro- 
thea" (1797), remarkable as preeeiitiiig a perfect 
Bpecimeu of the epic poem in which the subject- 
matter ie confined to the events of a Bummer's 

After revisiting Italy in 1799, 0-oetqe gave the 
fin '^ i hin g hand to the work which he had projected 
nearly thirty years before, — ^his " FauH" a work 
whicli Htands the goodliest monument of German 
Uterature for its wonderful depth and imexampled 
erudition, Mid which we shall more ftdly exBmine 

The ballads of this period are not marked by so 
flowing and easy a style as those in his former 
collection, the " Weet-o»tUc\e Divan." Four years 
later he completed a translation, perfectly unique, 
of the life of " Senevenvio Oellvni." 

His subsequent prose writings are the novel 
"Die WahhenoandUchqflen" (Congenialities), 1809, 
respecting the aim and tendency of which there 
has been much dispute ; the " &eitehe»chreilning 
von Italian," or narrative of bis tour through Italy ; 
and, in 1813, his "Dichtwn^ mid Wakrheit," the 
frank and charming autobiography from which we 
have already drawn. 

Seldom has so prosperous a life been the poet's 


Sit^t'eSob.] «o^. 107 

lot. Appointed prime minister at Weimar, he 
continued to hold the office until his patron's 
death in 1828. 

PoeaeBsed of a wonderM versatility (we might 
almost B&j umverBalitr) of talents, he waa not 
idle as a philosopher. His treatises " Winokelmana 
and tein Jahrhundert" " Uebar Kvmt and AUer- 
ihum" (Of Art and Antiquity), with others of a 
siiniUr character, bear marks of profound reflection 
and of natural genius. To his pHlosophicol studies 
may be ascribed hia oppositioB to Webkbb, Hou- 
VALD, and other writers of the modem romantic 

Ooethe'b " Life," as we said before, has not yet 
been attempted; but in his Correspondence with 
SoHiLTiEB, with SoHGLK, with ZeIiTXb and La^tateb, 
and with the widow of Count Bbbbsdobt, we have 
an invaluable store of material wherdn to see aU 
the workings of the poet's mind and character, all 
the moving-spiingB of hia domestic and his literary 
career, and that from the most interesting point of 
view — as unbosomed in the ear of friendship. 

GoETHi died at 'Weimar on the 22nd of March, 
1832. It was about eleven in the morning. " He 
expired," says the record, "without any apparent 
Buflering, with these words on his lips : ' Let more 
light come in!'" 

TTiH body rests side by aide with that of the 


108 ffio^e. [XnU. 3a^ 

cogDa,te geniuB, Schilleb, aai with that of tlie great 
patron of Gennany'a greatest geniuses —CHABtEfl 

Before introdudng to odt readers any extracts 
&om the dramas a[ Ooethb, it may be well to 
notice that his are never one-character plays, such 
as are found in the pages of Somer or Shaktpeare. 

Every personage, on the contrary, introdnced 
\tj the great German poet is treated aa if the 
principal character of the piece, and the consistency 
of each character is as folly sustained throughout. 

" Egmont" is a romantic and historicsl drama: 
FhUip II. of Spain, weary of the mild rule of 
Ma^aret in the Low Countries, sends the tyrant 
Ihtke of Alva to supply her place. 

Troubled, at the same time, by the popularity 
which the Prince of Orange and the Covnt Hgmmt 
hare acquired, he secretly suspects them of favour- 
ing the partizans of the Beformation. The latter 
personage, the Oouttt Sgnumt, is adored by the 
soldiers who serre under him, and implicitly trusted 
by Margaret, his royal mistress, notwithstanding 
his lenien^ towards the Protestants ; he is revered 
by the citizens of BrusselB as the defender of their 
Eberties, and, to crown all, possessed of the faithful 
friendship of the Prince of Orange. The profound 


9&t^t't„S0mont''] «ot|br. 109 

policy of the noble prince, and the afiectioa he 
bears to Egmont, make him urgently entre&t the 
latter to depart with him bdbre the arriral of the 
Duke of Jha; hut hia entreatiea are of no avail. 
Egmrmf* reeolation is taken — he wiU not abandon 
the inhabitants of Brueaela : he trosta himself to 
bis fote, for Mb victories have inspired him with 
trust and courage, and hia heroic setf-devotion is 
proof agstnst the fears and expostulations of Mend- 
ship. These circumstances interest ns in his for- 
tones, and we feel on his account fears which bis 
intrepid sonl never allowed >iiTn to experience for 
himself. His character is displayed with greatest 
effect in the impression which it is made to produce 
on the persona who surround him. 

Sgmont is in love with a young girl, Clara, the 
daughter of humble citizens at Brussels. Clara 
loves him passionatdy, and her imagination is 
entirely subdued by the Astt.iWn^ impression of his 
heroic valour and brilliant reputation. 

The arrival of the Spaniards, the fpvnt Aha at 
their bead, being made known, the terror spread 
by the announcement amongst the joyous people 
of Brussels is ably depicted. As at the approach 
of a violent storm, men retire to their houses, 
animals tremble, birds take a low flight, and seem 
to seek an asylum in the earth, all nature seems 
to prepare itself to meet the scouige which threatens 


110 (ffifatjf. [XTin. zam- 

it ; so doeB consternation poesees the Tninds of the 
unfortunate inhabitants of Flanders. 

The IhfXie of Aha, fearing on account of the 
attachment of the people to arrest Egmont in the 
streets of Brussels, employs his own son Ferdiaand 
to bring to his abode the man he wishes to ruin. 

Ibrdmand is an enthusiastic admirer of the 
count ; and, &r from having any snspicion of his 
Other's horrid design, by his friendly warmth pre- 
vails on Egmont to accompany him. 

Arrived at the palace, the duke commences a 
conversation on the political sSkirs of the Low 
Countries, and on the neceesii; of employing rigour 
to restrain the progress of the new opinions. At 
length he ronses the generons sonl of Egmont, and 
succeeds in drawing from him some violent expres- 
sions, at which he affects to be incensed, and per- 
fonns, as by a sudden impulse, what he had long 
before planned and determined. 

The report of his arrest is scarcely spread through 
Brussels, before it is generally understood that he 
must perish ; and he is at once deserted by his 
friends and admirers, who fear a similar fate in 
raising their voice for him. The popular cowardice 
which reigns in Brussels is most admirably de- 
scribed. Clara alone, the timid guileless Olara, 
appears in a public square, and re-assembles by her 
cries the citizens who had dispersed. She recalls 


«Ot&f. Ill 

to their recoUectdon the enthusiasm irhich the 
name of Effmont had once inspired— the oath they 
had tab^ to die for him. All who hear her shudder. 
She speaks again : — 

Clanj^tn. JCinnt tin: mi^ tni^MTflt^? JBont ®caftn 
fpai)' i^ 1 3c() fpreii)C von Sgmont 

fetter. Steimt Nn 9lainen titi^ ! iSc ift tEtitIt4 

C Den !lliun(n nfc^! SBie? Stii^ ifefm 9tamen? 
fOa ntiuit i^n trii^t id jcber @t(tgentKU; aSo fytjt tc ni#t 
gefi^tKn? 3n biefen Slernen tjab' Utj oft tnit alien Fdnen 
eeltem i^n ^lU^tn. Sfticfjt netmen ? SBoS foU ba6 ? gceunbe ! 
Suter tiieun 9t<t^bamr i^r tt&utnt i ttefinnc eud). ®(^t ttiiil^ 
nli^ fo flow imb JngHlid) an 1 Sli* nidrf fdiiicijtmi ^ie onb 
ba bei ®ttle. 3(i) >:uf' eudf) \a nur jUf loat jebec w&nfi/L 
3ft mtint Stinrnu nUt (ute§ .gxtjenS eignie ©timme? iOto 
iD&fe {i(^ in biefw ^gen 9)a(i)ti t^' er fern unnifjMllM 
Sette befMgtr ntd)t auf bie Stnkt, Sjn mU etnfUidian ©ebet 
i»m .frimmet gu erdngen ? Siagt euc^ efnanbec t ftage jebo: 
fid) fetbfi I unb tnec f))rid^ mit nu^ nac^ : " Sgmonte Snilicil 
ober ben Sob 1" 

31, (Sott benKi^' mS ! SDa gtcbt'B ein ttnglM. 

C Sletbtl Stdbtf unb brfidt euc^ nu^ not fetnttn 
Stamen mt^ bent i^ eud) fon^ fa fro^ entgegen bc&ngtet 1 — 
Benn bee 9Cuf i^n ont&ibigtej nxrni e£ ^: /,6gmant 
(ctmnti @r fomtnt mn @entl" bo ^Uen bie SBentotjnec bet 
Strain fic^ glfi(Btd)f burc^ bie et reiten mufte. Unb nxnn 
i^t frine ^fttbt fdxUbn ^brttt, toatf jeber feine Xrbeft ^tn; 
unb &ha bie be^ikimerten @efic^tetr bie i^r bmi/'i genfkt 
jl!*et, fulii; reie ein Sonnenflra^l con feinem an8e(id)te ein 


112 ffii(&r. [XVm. 3aW- 

fS&S Ux Snube unb •^offhung. iDa fyibt i^ tart Xinbrc 
QUf btt S^t^Ot bi bie ^^ unb btutdtt Owen : » &tfy 
bat i|t CEgmontf ba ectfite ba 1 Siifffll Sc ifl'«/ von ban 
ii)i; btfTcrc itfttOi aU nm annen tSita Ubtta, dn|t ju 
mvaitni ^bt" fia^t ntrt AinUr nid)t bei^^ eu4 ^agen : 
Hffioi|l«(jint aBo|inbbi(3dI(n^ibtet^wrfpraii)t?« 
— Unb fo tvedifiln imc SSottel ftnb miJfigr cnxatt^en i^a 
3tic foot mid) ^brtUf unb il)c tceibet: bcnn ti^ \t^'ii i^r 
fcEb btfUhit nnb Urnit eud) fctb^ in eumn Sufen nii^ nritbccs 
fbbm. Soft buri^ bie gtgeiuDAiti^ @efa^ nut @inm Slid 
in bai fBergongent bringnii bad (arj SSerganflent. ^nibet 
eurt @eb<in(tn not^ bti Sufunft JCbnnt i^ benn lebtn? 
nxiM i^, wtnn n ju ©rnnbe gt^? 3Sit (nnem Vt^ 
flie^t ia UtU ^vik bn 9tril)dt fSai toot tc eud)? ^ 
wen ftbeigab er f(d) bet bringenbllen ®efa^ ? Seine SBunben 
flolTen unb ^eiOen nuc fik Oud^ >E>ie gro^ Setbf ble eud) 
aOe tntgr befdjt&ntt ein Jtertoiunb CSi^uet t{t(!Kfd)en 9SoibeS 
fi^ben um fie ^ Si bentt <mttai)t m rad)/ a ^p ouf 
eud)f Stf bar nur gii gtbeni nur {u ecf&IIen g/mo^at vxa. 

%immttmtiittt. ©euattetf fommt 

C. UiA id) ^abt nii^t Xcmt, m<^t 9Kart wie ilir } bod) 
^b* ii^r n)a6 end) aUen ft^Itf IRutfi unb iBeiad)tuns bee 
@cfci^r. £6nnt' eui^ mein Ittfjtm boi^ entgibiben 1 tinnt' iff) 
on meinen Sufen btA(tenb eui^ enuilTmen unb belebtnl 
Jtonunt I 3n enter SSitte wiU i^ ge^ I — SBie tine ga^ 
nx^riol ein ebM ^tt con Ariegecn at^i anffitjitr fo fen 
mein ®t\ft um euce ^uptet ^ntmem nnb Siebe unb SBut^ 
baS fcfettianlenbe jerftreute BoK ju einmi ffedjterlic^n ^et 

C3.l:.-:ij,CiOOtjl>J ' 

Qflmont] (friitjpe. 113 

The soliloquy of Egmont in the prison, wherein 
he caata reflections over hia eitiution, is one of the 
finest pieces in the tragedy. 


bin:<^ (fnt Santpe ei^ntr cfn Stu^tett {m ISnutbe. 
tfjltnont (aOdn). 
^ttn: Si^€iuib I immer grtnun Si^laff flit^ft bu mi^ "^ 
nnt bit flbdgen Srtunbe? ffiie nlUig ficnlttft bu bid^ ouf 
mrin ftnti <{iaupt ^entnttif unb U^Ueft ntt dn fd)(iKi 
aXprttntrani btr Efebt mcine €ic^fc I SitiMtn unter ffiafN> 
ouf bK aSoae bet SebenSf tn^f ic^ \ziif at^mcnbi wit rin 
anfqutntnbtr &naU, in brinen Vrmtn'. SBtrni SSttanc bur^ 
^iDtiat unb SSI&ttct fauf'ttn/ V|t unb Xiipfel ful) tnimnb be 
Dxstnir blitb innetft bod) btr Jttm bei .^tiient unQtngt. 
SaSfi^toelt bit^nun? nuttrf^tttrtbtn ftfltn tnuenSinn? 
3ifi fA^C'di ti ifE btc Alang ber 9KoTbart« bit on mtintr 
aSuiiel nofi^ 9to<^ ^fl' i<^ aii^(I)tf unb dn innm @d|autr 
burdjflLtm mil. 3a, fit Qbmmnbttr bit Dttr&t^erifi^ @«oa(t ; 
fu inUersr&bt ben feften ^^n @tammr unb t^' bit Stinbt 
bdixti (turjt tradienb unb ierft^etten^ bdnt JCront. 

Sionnn benn )t%ti btr bit fo o^ gtnutt'gt ©orgtn gldiJ! 
CStifenblafen bfc wm .^upK tDcggnsitfnv notum cttinag|t 
bu ni(i)t bit Itfinbuns ju otrfii^ud^ bit tauftnbfac^ in bit fid) 
oofs unb nitbertttibi? €Mt ncnn (tetgntt bet Sob bii: 
fkc^tttli^? mit bcffm w^ftlnben SJilbtm/ wit mlt ben 
ftbtfgtn @tflalttn ber atmo^tn €rber bu 0tlaf[en lebttjt — 
XuCf) ift Qx'i xaifi, btr rafc^ Stinb/ btm bit etfunbt Snifl 

> CompHavlIh lb< elDqcenl "ApMlIDphe toBlHp'tn PC I alSkai- 
ifwVl r<V Huri tr. in Shu, UI. AcC 

TOL. n. I 


114 ffiitif. [xvni. Sam- 

tiKttcifemb ^i| entgcgcn ftfmt) bn; JCRtet iffii btt (StaitA 
SorbUbi bem -Oclbui »ie bcm geigen nHbetlid). Untrtblk^ 
sutb rnn'i f(^ auf meinnn aepolfkrten &tai}U, tscim in 
ftatau^ aSecfommlung bie gfirltni/ tmif (rid)t ju cntft^ribtn 
war, mft oieberte^n^en ©tfprii^ dbetlcgtetif unb imf^n 
bAfttin asdnbcn eintS SaaU bie fallen bet iDede mii^ €& 
bcddttit. iDa eOt' f4 ^n^ fa balb H mi^ max, unb tofd^ 
anf' I ^(rti tnit titfctn Xt^miuge. Unb friTi^ ^inaut/ ba too 
mc dingt^ton ! in'i S'l^' nw oufl bee Sibt bampfenb gebe 
ni^ IBoIiItfMt ber 9tatur/ nnb buci^ bit '^immel iMljenb 
aOt Segrn ber Stfttmc unA umniitteni i ae ttte, bem etbsti 
botmn SSefen gleiii^ oon ber JSerii^cung Bnfwt 9Bii(ter Wfi 
ttgec one (n bie >^^ reifen ) no vtt bfe aScnT^^ eontf 
unb nienfdilidie Segiei in aDen Sbern fiU|(en) nw bai SSen 
langen uociubringeni ju befieeen> jtt ec^fdienr feiiw gtnift in 
bmud^ jn befi^tb ju trobeni/ buri^ bie Secle bet iunaen 
S&aecS glfi^: too bet @olb<it fein anatborntf dUUf ouf oUe 
SBrtt mil rafi^ &fyM fi* anmoft) unb in f&Edjtcitii^ 
gni^ nne ein <^gelitietter burd) 9Biefe> getb unb SBalb 
txrbnrbenb fbreii^ unb leint QJtenmi tennt, bie SXenf^nlianb 

X>tt bift nur Silb, ennnenmeettman Ui @i&it, bafl id) fo 
lang befeff'n } mo l»t bid) bae ©efiftti oettittifrifd) ^ingefil^ ? 
SSerfogt eS bid ben nie gefi^ten SEcb boi'm Vngepd)t bet 
Soime rofi^ ju s6ntieRi um bir bej ScabtB fSot^ifmai tm 
eleln 9Kobeir ju btniten? SBic ^aud)t er ntic^ auS Uefen 
Steinen nnbrig on! flc^n ftant ba« Seben, unb Doc'm 
9tu^b(tte tcic iwr bent (Stabt fd)eut bet guf. — 

O @arge I @orge I bie bu vet bet 3eit ben <DtDtb beginnfE, 


•Sgmont] IStotit. 115 

faf abl — SSdt nuim ift Sginont benn attrini fo ganj aOdti 
in bufer Scit? aDic^ mad)t tn Smtifel fil^Uoflr nid^ bat 
®lCiil 3|i bit ©mi^tigCrit be« SHuigi, bn; bu ItbcnCtane 
<Kvtrautt|I> ill ber 9Itgtntin Smmbftf)ap, bU faft (bu baifjl (I 
bit s^^) f<^i^ ^''>' 'voi^} ^nb fit Qof ttiunal wit tin 
sUninib gentxHIb ba 9ta4t vctfc^unbcn? unb la^m bic^ 
aOein auf bunfttm ^ob judld? 9Bicb an btc Spt^t beinec 
Srtunbe Dconttn ni(^ maeet^ linntn? ffiirb ni(^ (in Botl 
fi<^ fonunelDf unb mit anfi^Htiditi; iStn»U btn attcn gi^itnb 

O HWf aHautni) bit i^ mi^ tinftfilitft, fc ottUt ®et|tec 
nwfilseindntti iDrSngtn ni(^ oon mit nb } unb tt>cld)cr !EKut^ 
ant mtintn Xugen fonjt fi^ Abtc fit trsoB, bci It|n nun 
out itjTtn-^crjtninntdntCnntbn:. O ia> fit td^nn fi^iu 
SJauftnben 1 fie fammen ! ftlftn mir jut ©eitt I 3i)t ftommtr 
SBunfcf) (iEt bringtnb )u bctn -^nulf tt bitCct urn tin 
SQunbtt: Unb ftef^ ju mtinei Slcttung niil)t rin <Sng/il 
niebttj fo ft^' iSi fit nai^ Sanj' unb S^nxrtttn gieifen. 
iDic ZJjcxt fpolten |ld)r bit Sitttt fpringtib bit SSauer ft^t 
KK i^ttn ^inbtn ein, unb b« gtei^ bet tinbtti^niben SEaflt* 
ftttgt GigmDnt fr6^U4 enfgeQen. !&K( nuinc^ btlannt @ttfi(^ 
empf&nst mid) iaudytnb 1 Uc^ 6Uic^ aixft bu aKonn j 
fo fS^' ii^ bid) geiDif aui^ ^t iutrft unb banBt bit/ VM 
tintm A6itige ju banltn ^ott {^ gtti^' 

We conclude with the conveTsation wiash takes 
place between Egmont and JWt^flOfhJ, when the 
latter Tieits him in the priaon. 

^pttVfnati)). 3d) f)it( bid; on^ ofjnt bii^ )u untttbnc^n! 

iDcint Sorm^ (afien wit JteuIfi^Use auf einen ^Im i id) 



116 (Stitif . [XVni. 3<*r^ 

f^ bit ScfdjiUtmrng, abn: ii!^ bin booaffhtt <Du tiiffit 
iB{4r bu Mxwunbcft mtc)) nic^) fiUilboc i|t nrir aOnntm 
Wtfttioi, bei tnii: ben JBufrn jerrei^t Wt^t mtel ShtK I 
3ti dnem fol^n KnbUd bin ic^ aufsmta^ctb jn tiium foldim 
eiiia^fitU Wn id) geftnbtt I 

tfjjtnont. !Du brid)ft in Xlogcn aut? 93a« r%t, nxie 
bdArnmot btt^J 3fl ed eiiu fy^t Btaxtibaf bu ba f^inbe 
lic^ SBcrfc^ufinme beiran ^&unft gtlif^ ? 2)u bijl fo jung* 
unb ^aft tin qf&iSt^ Vnfetin. IDa nxnft fo jutniu(Ici)f fo 
fceunbUc^ Qigm mic^ @a lang' id) bi^ ta^r imu: i(^ mit 
btinem tBoto: wx^byaL Unb eben fo vt^Mi wilbRtec aU 
»( loitft bu ntii^ in boS 9t«t £u btft bn: ^<^niUi^ t SBn 
3(|tn trautf mag cr tl auf fdne @efa^ t^n; abtr wc 
^x^ttt Ckfa^r bic ju wrtraum? ®t^l @e^l Staube 
mir nii^t Mt uxnigen SCugenbUcte I ®tt)r bafi id) mid) ftmunUf 
bit f&tU, unb bi$ junrfi oneeffe t — 

;f. iSae foO i(^ bit faom? 3d) ftt^ unb fit^ bi(% oiv 
unb \ti)t bid) uic^r uiA ffl^ mi^ nii^ SotI ic^ mfd) enb 
fd)ulbi^n? €aa {^ bi(^ Dci^ii^tm/ bdfi fi^ nff fp&t, erfl gao} 
inlifit bet Batert Xbfli^ n^, bog ic^ aU fin tftscom^miti 
dn tebtofee S<i:!i(ug fdneS SSillail |tinbcttt? SBoi fni^tet'b 
oNb^ axdming bu Don mtr I)abtn moell? iDu bift Drrlomt i 
unb id^ ttngllidlidi'' f^ nnr ba« um bir*! }u wrfii^tm/ un 
bid) ju b^anunttn. 

(f . XBdi^ fonbetbon Stimmtf ncit^ dn unntvartttn; 
Sro^ begtgnit mir anf bnn ffiegc {um ®nibt? XMr So^ 
mttntS (liteni tntinte faft dnjigen Stinbeir bu bebautrll mid^ 
bu bift nii^ untn: mtintn SUtbtm ? @agt« nbt I ^ nxn 


eanumt] ttdtjbt. 117 

JT. OcattfonuT Sotttl 3^ {4 nlnuu bii^ to Uifciii 
S9tfc^ I iDu latmt^ mdn •^o}, nHnt Qkfliunmef bit bn 

fo eft oU ISirbt^ finer {bttiil^ Stutttr fi%iiItt|L 9Xtd) bfr 
gteic^ iu bObtnf fonbttft bn tni(^ (fet^ iDIefttt Staim am 
Wonbe b<i gS^nnibni Srabtb in tec (SmaXt Hnrt wiiafi^ 
{i<^ ZoM jn fe^ jwinslt bu nti(^ taS i^ ben ttrfflra 
e^meii cmplinte/ bap i^ ttatb 3(901 aUd eSc^oIf baf U^ 
unrtnplinbU^ nxrbef e$ 0(f^^ mk nafl uwICe. 

ff. 3<^«|tauitel Salfe bm C!t(^ nbc »it tin SXann. 

;f , C boS i^ tin SItib abx 1 bof man tnir fagnt Unntc: 
tDOi rAIftt bt(^? UMl fi(^ Ui^ on? Oogt nil ein fpt^trtii 
tin nngt^nitertt Ittbclr mo^t vdi) |um itat/m dntr fditttb 
If4ltni S^i ii^ mill bir banhnf i^ aOl fogra: ti mac 

tf. 2)u MTlitrft bi4 83d bill bu? 

JP. Sop bitfc foibcitf^oft cofRx lap mid) lotetbunboi 
Cagcn I 3c^ nnS niti)t ftanb^ft fc^tinni/ nxnn allrt in mtr 
gnfiunmnibnt^. SHt^ foU t^ ^itr fef)n! — SHc^? — & tft 
tntfteiid)! X>u twt^t^ft mii% nic^l Uob ^ft bu mi(^ 
mt(1(^? ffgmontl (Sgntsntl 

(3f)*n inn ben ^oU faUmb,) 

tt. eftft m(c bae ®c^nmni$. 

if. Xtin SclKtmnip. 

tf. !Sie bmtff bit^ fo tief bal SSt^al tints fmnbcn 

S. Ri<^ fnmb 1 Z)u biff mil nid)t fnmb. S>tin 9tam( 
tem't, btr mtt in mdiut erftm Sugmb gfMj tintm ettrn 
b(« .^inuneU tntetgenltui^tttt. ffiit oft ^b' b^ nat^ bit 
e^on^, et^ogtl iDel Xinbel ^l^uma i^ bo; 3£n0lin0/ 


118 ffiotie. [XVin. Safe*. 

itt Sfingfinet bcr Stann. ®o bift bu wc nric ^ gtfifedtttn } 
imtnn wci unb o^ Keib fo^ ti^ bic^ coti unb f^ritt bit 
na^ unb fort unb fort, 5lun ^fft' i^ ttiblic^ Wdi ju f(^ 
ui^ fdl) bi^r unb man {mi flofi bic tntgcgcn. £u^ ^att* ic^ 
nitr befHmmt, unb »&t)Cte Hij auft nmt, ba ii^ iO) fo^ 
Sun ^offt' l<^ reft mit bit ju fein» mtt Mt ju Uifo, bid) ju 
fa^en, bii^ — iDaB i^ nun aOti m%s^i^iStttti unb ii^ ft^ 
bic^^Ut! . 

Kt. SRctn Sminbr n)nut rt bii nw^I ttiun taniif (o nlnm 
bit StrfI(f|tnmS( bof im reften ^lugrabUctc mdn @nn&t^ bic 
tntstgenCam. Unb ^ ni4 Snf on^ tin ni^tB Sort 
unter dnanbec netliflcln. Sage mti: ifl c< btr ffameef tnfU 
JSfllt btEnrt Cottrb mi^ Ju tibttn? 

J. fflr vji'J. 

(f. Itiefrt Urt^efl »te nidit rin leerrt SdiwctMIb, niiii) ju 
&ngfliacni bmi) Surest unb iDio^g gu ftcafnir mid) }u 
enriebrigeni unb bann mit Uirielic^ Snabc ntic^ uriebtr aufs 

JF. Sttini 0^ Uiba nrini Vnfangl fc^tneic^Ut ((^ nfr 
mit biefct aufiuxii^mbcn ^ffnung} nnb f(I)on ba emiifanb ii^ 
Xngff unb SS4^crii bii^ in bitfem duftinbc )U ft^ 9tun ift 
eS itiitni^, ift geniif . Snn, id) rtgittt m\i) nidjL aSet giM 
mil tint ^ftlfe, mt eincn Stot^, ban UnomntibU^ ju 
tntge^tn ? 

ff . So f)6it mi4 SBenn beine 0e(I( fo getiialtfcun bdngtf 
mf^ {u rtttcnf nxmi bu bit Ucbttntai^t vnaf^iin^ bit mi4 
etftiftit ^Utf fo Rttt mi^l Sit XugtnbEitft |!i^ b#<u^ 3)n 
6t|i bci met»al%n 0ot)n/ unb fclbfl gmxittie. — So^ nnt 
tntflie^ I 3i^ ttnnt bit SBegc, bit SXitttl Onnai bit nii^ 


egnunt] IRiObt. 119 

unbetaimt fnn. 9tiir bitfe SRauenif twr nmiet SReilcn tnti 
fnmen mid) ixin innnen Srennben. Elfe bttff Santvr feringt 
mic^ in i^nm nnEi fti unfrr. @cnriff btr Xfiiris bantt bir 
btrtinft mdnt Sbttung. 3(^ i|t tr Abtrrafi^f unb oieOtftfit 
ift i^ aim untelannt iDrin JBoter waeti unb bie 9RaiefMt 
mu| bat OefdictKne bfCtieeiif tnenn ^ fid) aui^ bafbc flitff^ 
jDnbtnlfl? C benb mit ben SBcg ba S"itint aut I Spriifi, 
unb nilja bte >^ffnuii9 bn Itbtnbieen QSttU. 

S- S^UKifl' 1 fd)U)d9c I Z)u smne^ mft itbcm Scrtt 
mrioc SninxifbuiQ. ^Itc ift tcin Suimtflf bin 8tat^ Itint 
Sludit — Z)aS quitt vS&st boe ecrift unb foft mic »it mit 
Atanen bi( Snift 3if)^bt ftlbflbacntt {itfantxiiaiaogcni 
ii^ bntit bit ftnneen feften Xiutcn } {i^ mtb nric {cbn Xfi^ 
^ ieba Sift bie SSege Dermtnt fhib { ii^ ^^ mid) mit bii 
nnb init aOtn anbnn g^fefitlt SBbbt ii!^ Sagcib |i&ttt id) 
nic^ DIM Qetfud)t ! 3u fdnen gafm ^abe id) gelcanif gntbtt 
tmb gtbtten. Qx fc^cttt mii% t){n:^/ um aCbi nuS twit 
fobnitlult unb gcnibe mil mir [tbti in biefrai VuatnbUde ju 

tf. Unb bine EfiOtuna? 

dF. Srind 

«f. (mit Nm gufe ftampfenb.) Seine SlettungI 

SSC$ee £tben 1 fd)&ne ^eunblii^ i9aiNf)n^ bee iOafefnt unb 
St]:ltn£ 1 wn bit foQ id) fdjeibtn I SSo eela|1en fi^iben 1 
9Ii4t m Xunnittc bet Q^ijt, untet bem Sniufi^ ber 
ffiaffen, in ber ^ecftreuung bei ®et&nmtU sibfl bu mii tin 
flA^tigM eebenw^I} bu nintmjt lefnen etUgen Kbj'd)iebi no:' 
filtielt tdt^t ben Kugenblid ber Strennung. %&> fon beine ^anb 
falfenr bir noc^ einmol in bie Itugen |'el)nr betne 0i^6ne, beinen 


120 tfiat&e. [xvm. 3oW. 

XBcrt^ m^ ttb^aft fO^Ioi/ ui^ bonn mul) ciitfdilolftn tolrtfgra 
unbfagen: go^ fiinl 

This tragedy is, beyond all doubt, the maerterpiece 
of our Literature, one of the most vonderAil con- 
ceptions of the human roind. Fully to unda-stand 
a work teetning as this with deepest thoughts, 
clothed in a garb of varied and melodiouB verse, 
the moat minnte and repeated examination becomes 
a condition absolutely eBBential. 

It will be needfiil for the reader to bear in mind 
that in this aire introduced aU Gobthb's reminis- 
oences of the adventures and day-dreama of his 
youthfiil years — all the inward workings of bis 
poet life and his private life— all bis remembraneea 
of those who had lent a charm to bis days of love, 
and these strung together with a chain of events 
gathered from history's page, iu strains that impart 
an interest to him who reads second only to that 
experienced by him who wrote. 

IVom this arises the difficulty of comprehending 
" Jbj«^," that he who would inHy enter into its 
meaning and depth must acquaint himself accu- 
rately with the remarkable characters and the 
pnbbc occurrences of GK>£th£'b day, with the events 


Sit^t'jSanfL] ffiatjfte. 121 

of his life &tid the variouB promoting cansoB of his 
poetic growth, with his joys and sorroiTB, hia &ieiid- 
shipa and studies. 

This done — and in "limst" it is not too much 
to say that we shall eater upon a boundless world 
of thought, replete with life, incident, and poetry. 

There are in this great work, and, indeed, in 
other of Goxthe's writings, some passages open to 
objection, where the poet, in drawing the contrast 
between virtue and vice, lajs bare the hideous de- 
fimnity of the latter with all the gusto of a akilful 
operator, who, anxious to exhibit his skill, is be- 
trayed into a want of due regard to the flselii^ of 
the beholders. 

The poet BoHiLLBB did not bo see himself neces- 
sitated in his truthflil representations of life to ex- 
hibit man in his more degrading aspects : his leading 
characters are ever such, if we except, perhaps, those 
in his youthful tragedies "Die Sduier" and "Rabale 
vntt Uele'' as to commend themaelTes to our ad- 
miration and imitation — his one honourable aim 
was the amelioration and elevation of his fellow- 

The prominent characterB of the tragedy, though 
few, are correctly and powerfully drawn, and elabo- 
rately finished. Especially we aUude to those of 
Taust, Mephiatopheles, and Margaret. 

Fmut is a character of the highest and biighteat 
inteUect, possesaed of pasBions as strong as his 


122 <Got(r. [Sonff: 

knowledge is deep'. Ever unsatufied until he 
e&otild have mastered all knowledge mthim the 
gr^, and let/ond the graap of the hmnan mtellect ; 
as the preacher, he proves "all knowledge," and 
finds it " Tanity :" he sets his heart to " know mad- 
ness and folly," bnt finds that man must soar in 
vtun beyond the finite, that there is a limit heyond 
which the human mind may not comprehend the 
hidden and unrevealed. 

Hia moral qualities (as distinguished ham his 
intellectual) are naturally good, and he is capable 
of the tenderest feelings. It is the recollection of 
the senaationB of his childhood that saves him fixim 
anicide. How these qualities were brought into 
confiict with each other, till hia nature became a 

> " Tha Dilgliul from irhom thii chancter <■ takon wu on* 3 

cekbiiti; he vu attended bf a famUiiir demoo 
EI at Ihii Had all the dnniu od the aubjecl) i 
inn plaes to plan on a inagk manlla. Tradldon I 
! (Kcuned In ISSO, at avillafa eallad Klnillch, i 
!d and curlad off by the flandaipu contract Tt 

a, and thai he paid tha 
X, ij being induced >a a 


aRtpIriftop^Ici— Snti^it] (Got^e. 128 

moral wreck, will be gathered from the estracts 
which we ahall presently give. 

la'J^epMgtephelei' we behold the personification 
of the Spirit of Evil, poesesBed of an nnbonnded 
int^ect, but totally devoid of moral qualities <v 
hmnan sympathies. Scruples he has none, but "it 
ie written on bis brow that he can love no human 
soul;" passions he poBseBHes, but they are those 
only of rage and hatred: in speech cold, con- 
temptuous, and sneering at all that is good; in 
action beyond measure calculating, skUfiil, and 

' Maiyaret' is an example of unsuspecting sim- 
plicity and feminine afiection. Confiding with fiiU 
and EurtleBB trust in her lover Faust, whose wonderful 
intellectual attainments she can appreciate without 
participating, she imbibes instinctively an aversion 
altc^ther unconquerable to his evil genius Me- 
phistopheUg, who in truth leads both him and her 
to their destruction. Tery sweet are the stanzas 
put here and there into her mouth, true warblings 
of a child of nature, full of freahncsB and tonching 
beauty. Innocent and joyous as a child can be, she 
grows pensive and melancholy, buratiog into floods 
of tears when feeling how wretched is become her 
miserable state, reaped and fiill of devotion in the 
sequence, and raving with despair in the end. 

We shall now enter upon a separate examination 
of some of the leading scenes, the careful study of 


121 tfotj^e. [gauft: ,i1iAt Sueigmmg." 

which wiU pot the reader into a poaition the more 
closely to comprehend and enjoy the great tragedy 
on reading it hereafter in its fdlneaa. 

SEViOATioir. — ^His dedication breathes with re- 
miniscencee of early and happy days, melodionaly 
poured forth in flowing song. It discloses the con- 
nexion borne by himself to his work and his ieel- 
ii^;s as the completed labour of many yeara paaaes 
in all its details before the poet's mind : 

@Itic^ tinn aUtn, ^afb MrSungnm SSagcr 
JCommt (tftt i\tV tmb girtunbft^ mi ^auft 
Xkr &iimai xeab neUf H wtetwr^U bit Xlagt 
tM itbtra Iabp:{nt^(^ irrm Saufr 
Unb xttrmt Uc iButeitr Uti urn fc^iu 0titnbm 
ffiom @til(t get&uf(^ doe mir ^uUDeggtri^nten. 

The review brings with it sad and melancholy 

©it (ita(n nidrf bit folBft*" ©tflngti 
JDit SStelnif btntn ii% bit nftcn fang } 
gcirlbben ift b<a freunblii^ @tbr&net« 
JBtcOiinatn (ul)l btr tr{tt fSHtbttttona \ 


account of the interview of manager, poet, and 
menyman (Injtise ^''l^on) u^ which GtOXTHB contends 
for the unfettered freedom of the poet's calling, 

1 '■ Xluj do not bai, kIu I Iho fallowing Uy, 
Tb* touli wbo liitea'd to my ciuUvit lOBf , 
TboH (thoei of mj h wt b»i dlsd mwiy , 
And fin dlaparHd li all llut Mndlf Unng," 


„iBafi*I"— "I- ©«m."] i&otbt. 126 

mid unfolds his particoliu: deeigns and motdTes in 
tlie mBuner of carrying out the vork. It is amusing 
to Bee tte situation of the poet — the " Theatre- 
Poet," unknown in modem days — in this dialogue. 
WMkt 'he' thinks of that which is noble and ex- 
alting in his art, the manageir studies only what 
best will fill his theatre, and the witty rather than 
foolish merryman gives in his adherence as might 
be expected to the Hentiments of the latter in op- 
position to those of the poet. The advice of the last- 
named personage conttuns a suggestion of which 
the poem bears proofe : 

£a(rt ^^ntofie/ mit olUn ft/an S^tctn, 
IBcniunftf SStrftanb, OmpfinbanSr Stibenfi^ftf 

The chorus of the angeb in the " pbolooux nr 
HBATZtr" is a composition of grand and sublime 

OPBKDra 01 "PATTST." — The tragedy opens with 
the soliloquy of Fautt in his high-vaulted Gkithic 
chunber, brooding over the imperfect chu^acter 
stamped upon all the knowledge he has so un- 
tiringly pursued : 

%ait nm, ad) I ^Oofcp^itj 

Snriftnet unb SStbidiv 

Unb leiber auc^ Z^iefft I 

1 " L«t nuicy ud bET cbonu >w«ll. 

Bfl UDit, thouf bt, piulan, heud uouDdj 
Vet Hilh in Lheu—nov muk me wsll— 
NM wlthimt Foil; lit Uiem lound :" 


126 t&atit. [gauH: 

CuK^uS fhibict tnit t)tif<m Stenifi^n. 
2)a ft(^' id) nuni ii$ annn: X^ocl 
Unb bin fo Hug aU mit jinor } 
^iS« aXoeiiltr/ ^if e jDoctot got, 
Unb giefie ftffon an bit getxn 3a^r 
■^naufi tierab unb queer unb bummr 
flReinf ©taier an b« Safe fmrum — 
Unb fetKr baf »fr nit^ miffen Unnen 1 
lOat mU mit fc^in: bag ^trj jertonntn. 
3n>ai bin id) gefc^tbter aU alte bie Saffnif 
iDottotenr SXagifltTf SSi^etbei: unb ^fafftn { 
axitt) plagen trine Skrupel no^ ^iMifck 
gfiidite ini(I) nxbn wc ^blk nD(4 Seufel — 
iDafOr {|t mir aui% aOe Snub' entriffen. 
Having reached that point of indifference and 
unbelief where Ms bouI is no longer assailed by 
doubts or Bcraplea, he yet declares with sorrow that 
now from him all joy is gone for ever, and in the 
bittemesB of his thoughts he eiclMms : — 

)3ilbc mir nti^ ein/ moC re^U }u wifTen. 
S9ilbc mil nii^ eini ii^ I6nnte n>aB lefiren 
3Me 3)Ienfd)en }n bej^evn unb )u bete^nn. 

In Bnch a mood the anguish of diBappointment 
keenly forces itself upon his soul. His cogitations 
end in the impious resolve, hy Satanic aid, to pry 
into the fiiture ; and not alone to know, but to con- 
trol, the agents of the invisible world : — 
9u^ t)ab' ii^ atbtt @ut no^ ®'^i 
9t<4 «^' unb .(lenti^edt ber ftSkUi 


."] ffiatipf. 127 

(Si mi^ bin ^unb fo HnmaUbm I 
Xmm IfaV bi) mUl) bcr aXoete a^btn, 
Db mil botd) @tifM XmfC unb SSunbf 
9tid)t mmi) (Bcfidtnnif KtAtbt binb ) 
Zul id) iric^ int^i:> mtt fawnn SSi^tndfe 
3u fastn brouifit mat H) Rid]t tsdf ] 
iDaf) i4 nfcniKf nuS bit SStU 
3)n Snnnftni }Ufaiiiin«i ^U* 
6i^u' alle SBiifcnStraft unb Samnir 
Unb t^n' nii!^ me^ in ffiotttn tramtn. 
In his attempts at magic he is Bucceflsfril bey^ood 
his anticipations, but is woefnlly disappointed at tlie 
maimer in wMch his urogant desires are realized. 
Instead of experiencing the intellectual communion, 
"how one spirit with another speaketh," he is 
brought into somewhat startling contact with the 
Spirit of the flame. The hero is here made to 
describe the internal arrangements of the study in 
which the scene is Uid ; this displays the ' admirable 
disorder' common to the lancium tanctomm of 
most literaiy men unblessed with the compauion- 
ahip of a stirring partner such as will insist on 
maintaining order ia spite of remonstrance ! 
QBe^ 1 |hd' U^inbm XtOn mi) ? 
IO(tfiu(Iit(8, bumpfrt fflaucTlcxfil 
aSo felbft bos liebt ^mtmat 
SEriib' bnrcf) gtmolte ®(l)riben btii^ ! 
!Bef(I)r&n(t con btefeni Stitd)ei^f' , 
^Ha aSftnne nagtn, ®taub Ubt&, 
Bciif bii aa'i tio^e @aeiO>' fitnauff 


128 iSiiit. [SauftiHetuUriitmntr." 

Qbi angnauc^ fficefin uinfbctt j 
aUt (Siifrcn, S&&i!^tn tingS tunfttltt, 
SKIt 3nflrun»ntcn ooKgtpfcopflf 
Uniler .^aiticat^ btcin gtftopft — 
XutiftbtintaBeUl boS ^eift rim SQtUl 
The poet ably depicts the horror which palsies the 
daring mind of Fauat when his incantatioiiB call up 
the apparition of the spirit of the earth. 

J^BiMt. (abgrnienbtt) Sc^tKBii^ ®(|t4t I 
tfr. iDn ^fl mUEi m&i^ anettoQciv 

Uubnun — 

Jf. Set) I ^ ntrag' Md) ni(f)t I 
({r. Xiu ^ft erat^menb tnii^ ju fi^ucnf 
aKeine Stinint ju i^iaa, ntrin XnUit ju fc^n f 
•Ru^ nrigt ban mlditis ®«Imflt^r 
iDa Mn id) ! — aBtli!) «rb&raiU<^ •Srauen 
9aft U(bemienr(i)tn bm SBo {|t bee 6«It 9tuf ? 
iSo tfi bit Srufb bie rine ffitU in fii^ <Tf<^f 
Unb tnig unb tiegtci bit mit Srcubtbcbtn 
Srfi^noIIf (M) unS> btn ®ti|lan, gleid) gu ^Uni 
SBd Ufl bUf gau|l, btf Stimmc mir nSang/ 
{Dm pd) an mii^ mit olttn Rtifttxt brang ? 

■.[At kR «l«Ht «RH<,riiif<ii, Di. SKt HDb 3i>«t f<i.« Uimn<(mm«8 ,t 
sliIiiiKE ; Inn Ha Hitb.!! tiRlnmt oUi tnfiiiA., il. t°r°un,.ii on) IcilOH 
■ifbntifitliin, b(< m ><i n'if4 »r ><i» r>If4< &«(< dci to n<r<s n* bR 
n<utt [4<ii>T SlfiiMin Ki>t"< '»■•: a'lA' nil >■<> nIniR ''('n t<tu luni, 
■Ml fi l)>n oa« ioIWH" iS" il« "i "f(ufiJ«>. ■•■In n WW ■!» H'ti M 

(W IcIiiD. DI< « biiE |ur giii»li(i< lulglfrtlito 'Br bill R" J»"« "111'"- 

ri(i>rtii4«B'ii">»£^>D»>'>B">»biuii<ii»iiiitRari<t<--— j»ctu»ittt. 


@(«tntBane a. S^eefong] t&otiit. 129 

Sift lOn d ? beCf son nuinem J^v^ mnmittati 

3n albn Stbcnltbfni }itttctf 

9tn ^m^am twastfcAmmto: ffitDrm I 

3^ bin'b Un $aujl, bin bdnM slndjni I 

SBoIT ii^ auf unb obi 

Scbuct unb Srobf 

Otn ctoiocS fESKTf 

Sin ntii^tlnb SBebtOf 

ain al%nb etbcii/ 

So fc^tr u^ on fcmftnkn SCBtb^I ba 3ttti 

Unb nnrlc bn (SolX^it Icbcnbtflrt Xbib. 
J^. 2)n bn Ht uxUt SBtlt umf^ivtffft, 

etfi^^ga Seift mie na^ fO^I' i(^ mid) bk : 
(£. iDu gftH^ ban ®t{fl> ben bn btgnifPt 

His dUtreBBing cogitations continue till near mid- 
nl^t, interrupted once indeed hj the appearance 
of his '&muliu',' Wagner, whom Iiia vehement de- 
claiming has aroused &om shunber. Falling once 
more into the aame dismal train of thought, his 
eyes fall upon a vial containing poison. The dread- 
M resolution is t^en, he puts the gohlet to hia 
month, when from the church tow^ the bells send 
forth a merry peal, and a chorus flill-voiced and 
dear is heard : — 


130 %ot$e. [gau|l:»!BoTbcmS^." 

C^ t|t rrftonbcn 1 

jDou bU Derlxt&Iic^n, 

iHangel uniwanben '. 
The remembrancea of his childhood crowd upon 
his mind; he dashes it from his lips, exclaiming: 
" Soimd out Bweet hella ! ye call me bact to life." 
The whole scene is truly powerful and a&ecting. 

BBTOBX THB GATE. — The next BCene prea^itB a 
picture of the Sunday-life of Germany. GkraiHE 
here exhibits his habits of close obserration, and his 
truthfulneas to nature. The conversation of Mtuat 
with his ' &iiiulus,' Warner, calls forth a glowing 
description from the former of the scenery that 
meets their view. It is Eaeter-day; every thing 
wears am aspect of cheerfulness and joy; gaily 
dressed groups are wending their way from chiurch, 
cathedral, or from home. Faust addresses Wagner : 
SitW ^<i unif Mn bieftn <^^n 

3lai% bet BtaM juriitf ju f(^ 

TIM Urn ^I)bn ^fttm S^ot 

iDnngt tin hxntii fStaimmtl ^tnm. 

Stbtt fonnt |i(^ ^tute fo gtm. 

®tt ^n bic Kufnfte^ung bti J^am, 

1 " CbiliC from the piivm 
Orih« Unnb 1i*th tIhoI 


^etidiiiiiinmR.''] ffiotj&e. 181 

£tnn ft( ftnti \tO>tx auftrflanbtn, 
VtH mtbrigcr ^ufn bumpfen Skmidimif 
ICttt ^nbnKttte unb SrtBttixbSBaxtUTti 
Via bem iDniit von ®itbtln unb :D&i)cnb 
Kite btt SCraftn qurtfi^nbcr Sngci 
XuS bn JCIn^n ttm&^bisn 9tact)t 
®mb fit one an'S ii^ 9ti»ad)t 
&t^ nac, fitt) I »it befyvb ^ bte SXtngt 
iDonf) bie (SitUn unb gelbre jerfdiUigtf 
9Bw b« Slufi, in Sreif unb iiasi, 
&o manc^n Infligen StaclKn btUKsb 
Unbr bic jum Sinttn ilbalabcn> 
Sntfmit ltd) btefn teQtt Jtafin. 
eelbii uon bea SStcgti fmun ^aben 
Sltnten unt fatrbigt JQlriber an. 
3<% ^ fi^n beS X»r^ ®rtAnimtIf 
■^ ift b<e JBoHH »at)in ^immtlf 
Sufricbtn jaui^tt ga>f unb tfetn: 
$iec bin ii^ aXtnfi^ ^in baif idi'S ftiiu 

paubt's btdst. — The return of niglit finds him 
once more within hia study walls, pondering now 
with irreverent donhts on the pages of revelation. 
Disturbed by the noise of a dog, who has lately 
attached himself to him, he observes with surprise 
that his form is undergoing mysterious changeB, 
and he attempts by magic to lay the apparition. 
Dissolving into a mist, the poodle is altogether lost 
sight o^ and in his place appears J^^hutctphelee, 
habited as a travelling scholar, ready with his in- 
sidious wiles to misguide and mislead him. A chorus 


132 «fttj&e. [S<utff: 

of inTieible spirits lament aloud the danger that 
besets him. Mephutoplisles, the liar from the be- 
giimmg, claims them for spirits of hia own, and 
thus overrules their warnings. 

Fautt enters into a horrid compact with the 
minister of evil to stake with him the fiiture des- 
tiny of hie soul, in the consideration of a present 
posaesaion and enjoyinent of unlimited earthly 
pleasures. A bond is drawn up which Faust is 
made to sign with blood. 

aitbbbagh's CEIJ.AA AT LEiPsiG.— The scene to 
which Jtr^hiitopheleg first introduces Ikust, is the 
celebrated vintry known as "Auerbach's Cellar," 
Btm ezistiug in Leipsig. They here meet with a 
hand of students in boisterous and merry mood. 

These vent their jokes upon the new-comers, and 
are surprised by the apt retortiB of Faust's com- 
panion. MepkUtophelei presently produces, &om 
borings in the wooden table, wine of all sorts to 
their bidding'. When some is by one of the 
students spilt, it immediately turns, to their con- 
sternation, into flame, and a disposition is shown to 
eject their guests. This is frustrated by the illusion 
with .which Mephittophaht cheats their senses, and 

hlniHlf, pouttilf Ihit ol lh» " 
lUelr nblUted bj PioIbMOC S 


duiing which the couple m&ke their exit. Alter- 
bach'B CeQflr continues to the present day a place 
of constant resort, more particuliu'ly during the 
great Fair of Leipsig (Leipziger Messen). 

The song of MepMttophelei in the cellar, which 
we here gire, was suited to the taste of the com- 
puiy, and presents a clever aatire on the vanity 
and preBumption of worthless parasites and favour- 

fBLrsf}tl3iio:f'bt\H ftnst 
(Fe UHT einmaC efn JC£m^ 
jDfv ^tt' rinen grofoi JIo^, 
Sen littrt' tt got nu^ toeniQi 
XU idCc feiiun (igiKn SSo^n. 
2>a rief er feincn S^nriterr 
iD« Sifintfticr tain ^an : 
£0/ mtf bem 3unbr AleUctf 
Unb mi^ i^ -^ofen an 1 

anmBfr (Swtttrt). 
Oerge^ nuc ni# ban @<l^nc{bn riniufi^&r^iw 
iCa# n mir aufs gcnauftf mfft/ 
Unb baf , fo lieb frin Jtcpf ii)m ifli 
2)t( ^ftn bint galKn twrfra 1 

Jin SSammtt unb in Seibt 
S&or a nun ongct^ani 
' .^attt SUnbcT auf ban JtteUit, 
.^alf aud) dn Jtrtuj botan/ 
Unb xvxt fi^d) Stinifhi/ 
Unb ^ott' dnen srofitn ettm. 


134 ffiotj&t. [$Mft: „^tati&^ii 

©a wutbtn f«iK Sefd^iftec 

SKnb .&err'n unb grau'n am .^ft, 
XAt aaxtn fe^r Qeplagtf 
Ste JUnigfn unb bie ^fe 
@tflo^n unb denagtf 
Unb butfCm fie nui^ ttitttn, 
Unb nx0 fie iucCen nu^L 
asir tnicftn unb cr^dtn 
i&oil) gletd^ nxnn eincr {Ui^ 

THE witoheb' eitchek.— Thie scene may in some 
respects be considered as a parody of that of the 
witches in "Macbeth." The witches in "Macbeth" 
sing mysterious words, of which the extraordinary 
sounds produce at once the effect of magic; 
GkiETHE's witches pronounce strange sylkbles, of 
which the rhymes are most curiously multiplied; 
these, if in prose, would form mere burlesque, they 
arc nevertheless calculated by the singubuity of 
their construction to awake and excite the imagi- 
nation. In this weird-haunt of demon-apes and 
witches, Mepkutopheles makes use of every un- 
hallowed artifice to enslave the soul of his victim. 
The srane fotal draught by which £bust is restored 
to youth, renders him the subject and slave of the 
worst passions. 

BVENiKa. — In this scene the gentle Margaret is 
first fiiUy introduced. The breathings respecting 
this child of ns,ture to which Hatit gives utterance 


..Xbtnb."] Coti*. 133 

are nniverSBll^ pronounced to be the reminiBcences 
of Happy lioora spent bj Goethe in tbe bome of 
Friederike Brion, contemplating ber Tirtuee and 
coltiyating ber fiiendahip : 

J<% fO^r, tOt&tK!^ tidntn <S69 
Tm giUr tmb IDrbnuna um mid) fSufcInt 
iDtr mfttterUi^ bid^ tigUi^ trntmcriTtf 
iDen Zqipii^ auf btn SEifc^ M4 trinCic^ bttUtn (riftr 
SSogm ben Sanb jn bcintn gAfkn tciUtfcln. 
O litbc >^nbl |b aattaglttcbl 
IDic ^ittt ivirb bur4 bt4 nn ^immtbtiH). 
nnb ^ 1 Soj faff mii^ f&r dn SBcnntgiaut 1 
■fritt mh!^ i4 oo(U etunbtn f&uinen. 
Tbe conversation on religion between Margaret 
and Ikiut in a later scene is a like renmiiscence. 

Tbe feeling of dreary loneUness, expiessed by tbe 
m^den at ber motber's absence as sbe retiree to 
ber cbamber, gives us &om tbe first a gloomy pre- 
sentiment of approaebiog danger. Sbe seeks relief 
from ber feeUngs in tbe cbarming and plaintive 
song : „<St war efn Atnie in S^vk." 

{ffUrgntlit ' (mtt ma Sampt). 
<N ift To r<^»^ ^ bum^ ^, 

(®ie madit bai Sraflei: ouf.) 
Unb {{I boi^ cben ^ nurni nit^ brauf'! 
9t wbO) mir fof id) nteif n((i)t »U — 
Sd) nwUt'i bit aSuttec tSm' nai^ .^ut. 
tKlt! ISuft tin Qi^aiitt flbtr'n ganim £tib — 


186 l&iibt. [Souft: 

fflin bo4 ein Itfefdit furifitfom SBrib ! 
(Sit f&ngt an )n (meeiif tnbttn fit fi4 anSiit^t) 

Ct war tin SM% in X^nb 
Sot treu bid an bag iSrabf 
2)m fUrbenb frim ISu^Ct 
Sinen solb'ntn Bed)(i gati. 

Ci gins i^m nidits bar£betr 
<Ei Itert i^n ItUn eiim<m i 
iDic Vugcn stngen t^ni Sbrcr 
6a oft a tmnt boraul. 

Vnb oU n Ion {U fbrboif 
3&^U' a feint @tibt' im ffitii^ 
@annt' TCOit feintm Sibtn, 
Dm Sti^ nt(I)t juglti^ 

(fi faf bri'm XEiiisSma^ttf 
Sit SlitttT um f^ ^, 
Xuf ^^ Sittc=eiaate, 
IDoil auf btm ®i^ am SSttr. 

Sotf ftonb bo: aUt $ti^; 
2tan! It^tt etbtnSglutf 
ttnb nxnf btn ^'gtn St(^ 
{rinunCti in bit glut 

<Ci: fa^ itin flihitni trinbn 
Unb linltn tief in'i tOtcttr. 
iOit Xugtn t^attn i^m fiitftnf 
Siant nit tincn Xropfra mt^r. 
Having finished her carolliag, she is taken by 
Burprise on opening a press to find in it a casket of 
the rareet jewels. This has been pUuined by her eril 


"Sort^'t Saittii.''] CsO«. 137 

geniaa and Fmuft, and the one step contemplated 
is gained, for they awake for the first time in her 
nnaqpluBticated breaat the feetinge, fraught with 
danger, of pride and Tanity. 

SABDSH. — Margaret ia introduced to Jbuct in 
the honse of a neighbour named Martha. They 
conrerse walking np and down in Martha's garden. 
She thaa solitoqiiiaeH aa he departs :— 

jBu litbei @ott I »ae fo tin SRonii 
9ti4t XUct Xltee tenCen laiml 
Skft^t ntn ftc^' {^ DOT i^ bflf 
Hub fag' gu oOen SSac^ la. 
Sin bo4 ^ en" unnriflaib Ainb, 
Stgrrlfe n(d)t, tnal n on mir jlx^'t '. 

The tumnltuons thoughts that hold place in the 
maiden's breast find vent in the following lines 
of incomparable sweetness. Wtrgaret is in her 

fllrint »i^' ip *fa, 

3* Pnbt fw nimraa 
nnb Dimmome^. 

epinnnibe oOrin). 

Wo ii« f^n ni(^ *flb' 
3ft mta bo* Stab, 
■Db Bonse SSttt 
3ft mir mgim. 


Llk< Urn within hli 


mmy tWngi— • nun 





3^ mfr oerrfidtt, 
31t nrir i«|lfl((t 

24 finbt )u nCtnmtc 


Ifai!^ i^m nur f<^u' ii^ 
3um Senfter ^auti 
Slad) i^m tnitr gc^' it^ 
Xu8 bnn ^aut. 

Arin ^^ @ang, 
Sttti' eliU ©fftott, 
Stinet aSuntKS S&d)eliu 
erinn Xuatn @(tiKiItj 

Wnb fefner ERcbt 
Grin •^nbcbnidr 
Unbadifein JCufl 

jMdnc ffiuV ifl ^, 
9Srin .^ Ift fcftiwr ; 
3(1) fl>^ fit nimtner 
Unb nimaitrmt^. 

BECESB.— The heart-rending sobs of the ruined 
maiden before the ' Mater Dolorosa' in the niche of 
the cathedral wall are past description. How lull 
of anguish is each word — 
"Who feels, who knows, 
How fiercely gjows 

The torment that doth pierce me to the bone? 
How my poor heart, in throbbing, burns ! 
Ah ! how it trembles [ how it yearns. 
Thou knowest — and but thou alone ' ! 
And still she utters her woe : — 
VSo^in id) imma ge^/ 
SBte m^'i niie xot^i rmt nc^ 
SSirb mto im Sufen ^ I 
34 bin, a4 ! foam oUriner 
34 nxinV id) nxut'f i4 it>cino 
Sag .^eij icibri^t in mic 


^Kiu^."] «rat|bt. 189 

9ie ®(^btn vot tntinem %mftn 
XtXSjaut' u^ mit X^&nttif acfa 1 
VU u^ am fr^n aXoigen 
X>ii: biffc {Sluttun bnit^ 

Ad)icn ^K In tnrine Aanuncr 
^ Soniu fr^ ^attf, 
Caf ic^ In flUnn Saramtc 
3n mnntm Sett' f(f)on anf. 

)^f 1 rtttt mti^ ooa etdimiu^ unb SCob I 
U{^ nrigr« 

SDu S(^mn}niidd|ef 
iCein Xntlit gn&tne mrinn: 9xt^ I 
jnOHT.— The dose of this scene finda Margaret' i 
bigh-Bpirited brother murdered in an encounter 
with Simst and Mephkiopheles s her mother, too, 
is already dead &om the effects of a sleeping draught 
she herself has been treacherously induced to ad- 
minister. It is, indeed, a scene imbued with 
shadows of night. 

WALPUBOia intGHT. — In the grand scene of the 
WaJpwrgit night on the (Hen^nisji) Hartz Moun- 
tains, the poet seems to have exhausted, if such a 
term may be used, all his inTentiTe fitcahdes snd 
powers of description. 

The origin of the German tradition respecting 
the witeh dance on the Brocken is thus narrated 
by a modem writer ^—CSorJmu^iM, a name re* 
nowned in wizard lore, had found all his pioua en- 
deavours to convert the Saxons ineffectual. The 


140 «olj&t. [Sott^: 

heatlieiiB retired before his amiB into their woods 
and fortreasee, and, as soon ae they found them- 
selveB beyond hia reach, reanmed their horrid ritea 
and pagan worship. To put a etop to these im- 
pietieB, the Ghrlatiau emperor stationed guards at 
the pasBes of the mountains when the seasons of 
the festivities approached, but the Saxons eluded 
the soldiers liy a very ingenious contriyance. They 
arrayed then^elves in the shins and horns of beasts, 
and, wielding fire-brands and rude cluba, presented 
themselves in this terrific guise to the guards, who, 
conceiving them to be so many demons, took to 
flight, and spread abroad a variety of appalling 
stories of the spirits which haunted the Brocken, 
and other inaccessible spots. 

Among the Hartz Mountains there is one of un- 
usual loftiness, which, rearing its head proudly 
above the rest, overlooks the country for sixty 
miles on every side. This is called the Brocken; 
but when we talk of the incantations and demon 
ritea which were performed here in heathen times, 
uid are said to be still practised by those wretches 
who have sold themselves to the prince of darkness, 
we call it Blocksberg. Upon its cold and barren 
summit, which glistens with thousands of rock 
crystals, is held an annual festival, on the night 
between the last day of April and the first of May, 
well-known by the name of ' Walpwffis yacht,' to 
which all the witches and magicians on earth are 


„iQaI|nti9tSnac^.''] Coljpr. 141 

inTited. At the firat blush of maming the whole 
ftsaemhly disperaeB. The peaaaiita dwelling in the 
neighbourhood of the Brocben, on the approach of 
Walpni^ Night, draw the sign of three croBses 
on their doors, being firmly persuaded that it !■ 
only by using this precaution they can protect 
themselres from the bad designs of the unholy 
assembly. It is to this scene that the poet intro- 
duces us. liiiut and Mephigtopheles are on their 
way to the Brocken, and the spirit WiJ4fire acta aa 
their guide and pioneer. 

^n bit Zxautttf unb dau^p^&rt 
SSinb ttici fd)rint a, einstgangen. 
g^' onl gut unb mad)' btc S^n I 
XXii mc wneixti balb gttengni/ 
3n ben nxEten ibtn ERiumcn. 

§tt^' tit sSunic ^intCT Siumetb 
ISie fte fd)iKa votiba rOdtni 
Unb bit XIq9pen, bie ftd) MtAni 
Unb bit langtn StlfRinaftiir 
SBit fit ^itoat^n, wit fit blafcn ! 

9un$ bit SSttinti bui4 ben Staftn 
Sibt JBai^ unb SMfflltin rutin. 
^ir' i^ StanfJCT? 6*^' i(^ gieber! 
^ir' ii) fyifbt SitbtiKagt, 
etimmtn jentr ^HmmtJitaQti 
SBal ntit ^offen, tnt tmr (itbtn 1 
Unb bai Qdpi toU bie ®age 
Xltei 3({ten ^oUtt ttritbtr. 


ffiotir. Kaufl' 

Xm unb Sm unb Ur J^O^a, 
eSinb Tk <il<« X'O'^ fltblUben? 
©tab &o« aSoldjt bur^'e (StfiiSu*e ? 
Songe Seine. bi<fe S&u<^ I 

Unb We aJutjdn/ wle Me S^nflen/ 

SBinbtn m au8 SeU unb Sanbe, 

©trecten njunbetliclje SBanbe, 

Una ju f^wcftm uns iu fange n . 

Xua bflebten betben SiJtaftm 

6trtc!en |ie ^olcpenfofetn 

«a<^ bem JBonbrw. UnbbfegRaufe 

SCoufenbfiiWai fi^oremwife, 

SMiii^ ba< 3ftooC unb buid) bit >&«be t 

Unb We gunfanoiinner fUegenf 

suit flebtinatoi @<timime=i&^ni 

Jura omoiwenben Selette. 
flber foB' mit, ob »ir fl«^n, 

Dbn: ob mfa weitw fl«^'n? 

aOtS, att(« f^t JU bre^n/ 

gelS unb SBlume, bie ®ejid|ttt 

©rfimibeni unb bie teen Kc^ter, 

IDie m mt^n, bie p* bll^n. 

^Ifoffe nwttw mdmn Sipfel ! 
4to: iff to eta SKittetafcpfet 
JEo man mit Stjlaunen (le^t, 
SQie im Sterg bet SRanimon gl^t 

JSie feltfoni atimmert butrdj bie ®tinbe 
flin motflenr6t^li(^ ttiiber SStljein ! 


Unl) ftrbft HI in Me tUfen e<f)(&itc 
Set ^giunM niUnt er (inrin. 
!Da (tngt ein Sampff bott jie^n edmbni' 
■^ leuditet @tult au( iOnnli unb %leti 
Sann fc^Idc^ tu tofe tin joita gabem 
£ann bri^t fit niie tin dxttH ^tnat. 
^iet fd)lingt fit tint gonje Staitt, 
asil t)unbect Kbtrn. fti^ back's 3f)a(, 
tob ^ in btt etbtSngten ffiit 
SitTdnittt |tt {i(^ auF tinmoL 
£a fpcQ^tn gun!tn bi btr StA^r 
2!Sit aufigejbtuter gottitrc SSonb. 
a)a(^ fi^ I in ilnrn; gonitn ^^ 
entj^bet fic^ bit StlfmoMnb. 

(Ctleu^tet nit^t jh Meftm Jeftt 
^trr URontmon pr&^tig btn ^aOaft? 
Gin @(ikt( baf bu'8 gtfttien l)a^ j 
24 fpi^e Wn bit ungeftiteitn ®iflt. 

VRit raft bit SSinbibraut bur^ bit Suft 1 
3Sit wtldjtn ®il)I4(ien trifft fit mdntn Silatftn I 

Sn muft beg gtlfenS altt ERippen fiatttn i 
Sonft ^t ^t bi(() ^inab in biefti es<i)tflnbt @tuft. 
Sin 9t(bel nobiditet tie 9tac^ 
■gAre, »ie'e bur<^ bit ItBJUber fra^l 
Vufgtfdt)tU(^ flit0tn bit Sulen. 
■&&r', e< fpUttecn bit S&ulen 
Qnrig gc&ur ^aOAftt. 


144 «kit. [gou^w/SrUtrZae.'' 

ISirttn unb SStti)ea btt Xcfb 
IXc 0l&nune m&d)()^ 3>c&^ntn ! 
iDei XBuiitIn Jtnanm unb S&ljntn I 
3m f&ciffa^ tMmwmnen goOe 
ncba: dnaiAa tcaijm fie oOtr 
Unb buti^ bit Hbtxtdanmtttta JtlA^ 
Si(4tn tinb ^eultn bb e&pc. 
.^ttit bu SStimmni in bcr ■fiS^ ? 
3n btr StnUf in bm 9til)e ! 
SOf btn 0an}en aSng tnttong 
etc&int dn,>i?&tf)eiAn ^aubtigtrang I 

A SLOOiti SAX. — The bond thai unites JbtMf to 
J^fphittopheht Ib now become all but insupportBible. 
The latter eiperiencea in ite fiill force the odious 
nature of the bondage in which he has so long been 
held, and by threats rather than persuasion terri- 
flea JS^hUtophelei into compliance with his will. 
He delivers to Fautt the key e of the prison where 
the unliappy Margaret lies. 

TEE PBiSOK. — On entering, the Toice oi Margaret 
&11b upon his ears ; but what a tale does it reveal 1 
That Toice is meaninglesB ; that soul is craaed. 
Qrie^ misery, despair have done their work. The 
poet's power is never more vigorously shown than 
in this herul^rendiiig piece. How does this mad* 
ness befit her who is its subject I How through it 
all shines forth her native nobility of mind, and in- 
genuousness of purpose 1 Fatut would remove her 
chains, — she mistakes him for the dreaded hangman ; 


„1Da XtOtt."'] (fiatjbt. 145 

ff.STfistttit (auf ben Jtnimi). 

Witt ^at bit ^n(er biefe aSot^ 
Uctiei: mii^ stgtben I 
©U fyilft mH) fifjon um Sllitteniaclit 
Sitomt bit^ unt> laf mi^ Uitn I 
3|{'e aKairstn fnil) nit^ jtitig genung ? 
And can aught exceed or equal in pathos tlie appeal 
which follows ? 

(Sic flt^t auf.) 
Sin id) bo4 nc4 fo i"X9' f" i>ins I 

€S^ max iii mi), nnb b<ifi toax innn SQerbnben. 
9ta^ 001 btt ^nunb/ nun l^ er w6t i 
^onffen lifflt bra Jtranji bU Stlumcn jecflrHit 
galft mid) ni(^ fo gnoattfam an 1 
6d)ont ntic^I SBoS t)ab' ii^ bit get^n? 
Saf mfc^ ntd)t tKcgebcnfl fltf^nr 
^ab' id) bid) bodi mrin Sage nid)t geft^ I 

jTanfft. 9B(Tb' id) ben Scunmra fibra1ttf)enl 

ffLtttg. C lo^ unS tnicn, tne ^'gen anjunifni t 
®i(() I untrc bitfen ®tuftnf 
Untn btt Sd)nKae 
@i€bet bU «&[tt t 

aSit futd)tbareni ®iimint, 
Staif tin SttbTt t 

jFHtttft (laut). @ttti^n 1 iStttc^ I 

ffl. (au^ettffun.) Tiat nuc btS gteunbtt Stimmt 1 
3Bo i^ tt? 3^ ^ab' il)n rufcn ^&ttn, 
Ct ritf ®Ktc%en( nr ftonb auf bra ®^Ik. 
mitten butd)'S ■^eultn unb JQoippen bra ^bUii 


146 ««tif. [Soiift: 

XJUR^ btn grlmnignb t(uflif(i)en ■f»bni 
iSitamit' ii^ but fHfenr bm lieb<nb(n Slon. 
The glimpees of reaaon tliat ever and anon bre&k 
in apon her bewildered mind, only aeire to give 
greater inteneitj to the feelings of bittemesa which 
"harrow up her heart." 

iBaig:. aSdiw 3Suiter Iwb' id; umgetaad^* 
3Srin Ainb fytb' iA) tttxintt. 
SBac (C tii^t bEr unb mic gcf^Knlt? 
Xfy aaij — iDn bift'S! iH) glaub' t< taunt. 
Sib brine .^nb 1 e« fit Irin Xrainn I 
■Driitt U(b« .&anb I — Zi) aba |1( ifl feudrf ! 
JBifi:^ fit ab I im mi^ b&tu^ 
30 iBIut bran. 

Kd)<3otCl 9Qa« ^ft bu get^t 
&t(de btn Scgcn rin j 
3<4 bitte bid) brant ! 

^oitt. &af tat ffingano'nt DergonBen firinr 
SDu bringft mit^ urn. 

jHorg. Kein, bu mnft flbrtg bittbeni 
34 >oilI bit bte Otedba bef^ixibtn, 
gfii; bit muft bu foretn 
®fet^ mocgcni 

Dtr axutttt ben be|ttn ^laQ gebov 
SXefnen tSaiixt \eqfiiik bantbenf 
9Xi(^ «n nxnig bri Stit'f 
9tm ni^t Qav ju ttfrit I 
The apostrophe, diatreasing and overwhelming, 
which follows, BB the aeene draws towards a close, ia 
a bright instance of the poet's sublimeat power : — 


^3)a Xnter."] ttotir. 147 

^ars- 2agl 3<v e< tufrb SIosI bcr Itttc Zag bringt 
Ottfn .froc^tittae faOl' e« fcin I [^tin j 

Ooe' ni«nanb, bafl hi r<^ M Srtti^ nMi^ 
IBc^ memnn £ninit 1 
(5ti!ttlxti gtf^twl 
Kb! nwrben unS tDitbtrfe^ } 
aba niifit brim Xanjc. 
Die 9tntee brdngt |t(^ man ^iit fit nii^ 
Dn 9(a(i Uc ®a(T(n 
Jthuun fit ni<^ faflen. 
iOie ®(o(tt nt^ bat ®tAbd|tn bcii^t 
XBie fie mid) binbtn uiA ;)a(t(n 1 
3un aUut^l bin Ub ^n mR&tL 
&tfm )udt na(^ jibem Statttn 
Sit eSc^Arft, bit nac^ mrinem i&iL 
etumm litgt bit SStU nit baS Scab I 

jFiinjU. D miii:' id) nil gcboitn 1 

SDu fiinfl Ubttt ! 

iHatg. Strict ®ottt« I aSr ^b' i<^ mi<^ flitretttn ! 

f&tfi. (iu gauR). Aomin I (omml 3i^ tofft bit^ 
mit i^ Im Stid). 

;0Urs. iDtin bin i<^ Sottt I Kttte mfc^l 
3^ Sngtll 3^ tKillgcn Sii^nl 
tngttt tail um^i mic^ {u bcma^ren I 
^tinri^l 9tir graut'i Dor bir. 

0itpbiii. ®i( ift ecrid)ltt. 

^timmt (wm obcn). 3ft gtvttttt 

With what s masterly hand is each character 

sustained to the laat ! The cold heartlesBnesB of the 

fiendish M^hisiopheles leaves him not even in the 



us tsaffit. [sauft—ntct: zm- 

midet of the agony that aurroimds him. It is the 
tout of Margaret that is here judged. " The chuTu 
of love dispelled," (to quote a writer in the West- 
mineter Beview,) "her moral sight ia restored, luid 
the door of the priaon thrust open. On one side 
she has presented to her life and sin, and on the 
other certain death. She decides, without any 
hesitation, for death against sin. MephUtophelet 
has lost the soul, tmd with the concentrated wrath 
of disappointment he cries, 'She is judged:' — '7f 
Saved,' adds the voice fi^m heaven." 

Her last moments have been soothed and calmed 
by the utterance of prayer. As Fau»t is beckoned 
off by his evil genius, a voice from the prison walls, 
receding, exclaims 

^inrtd) I .^tid) 1 
The sound ia like that of Margaret, — it must be the 
lamenting, warning voice of a guardian angel ' ! 

aSil&elm 9Rei|ier'6 8e^= unb SBanbaja^te 
Holds the first rank of philosophic novels. Pull 
of atirring incident, it abounds with animated and 
clever diacussions, and familiar pictures of various 
claaaea of German society, — artiata, players, and 

1 TbeiECOHDPiBTar"Paiul">u«rIttenU>lHUTpetlad(]S!S— 31). 
II la fu rtmoved, IndHd, tiaia Ihs fonnei ; but Ib posseiied of pwuliai 
Jiit«re4tuti4T]iis been, In agTe'^meMUT■,wTittflnHft^^ more IhuHTCDtj 

pemda T«y muj til I» deicriptloni. Ibe lomoquy at luniiie la one 
at tba m«t happy. It ns; be reinuted tlul tba cbarulen nl Fatut 
and Mi^iitoiAila ue, tn tbli Second Put, alngethei Tailed. It beus 
tbioughoDt an allegoclcBl meanlDg. 


miHn Sttiftcr.] (Kiatie. 119 

adventurers, mingled witb independent dtizena, and 
patronizing nobles, each tmthfiitlf and homortnial^ 

GoETH£ haa made this Tork tlie medium for the 
commiinicatioii of Mb own opinions on numerous 
BuhjectB. Many elegant little poems are inter- 
spersed throughout its pages, of which we offer our 
readers the following : — 

@e()nfu^t nad) 3talien. 
j^tmnft bu b<t( bmb ? nw bit Qftronra W^a, 
3in bunhln iaab bit ®aItt>Craiigni gl^iif 
Sin fanftn Stinb dori tilaam •^intmtl nx^ 
Sit StptttK ftUt uiA M t«>: fiutttt Ht? 
JCtnnj] bu a ivo^? 
2)0^1 bo^l 
»BtMjt' i^ mit bfr, 

O mdn ©clicbtetf )it^ 
IStnnft btt bat .^uf ? auf CSAoltn lu^ frin 2)ai^ 
S« gliiiit btc &<tal. « fi^tiiiiiurt bat (Sctnadh 
Onb ttXarmarbilbtc ^^n unb fe^n mid) an : 
Sat l)at man bic« bu annei £inbi gtt^on? 
XninftbuM ivo^l? 
iDaf)in I ZUliin I 
9R^t' 14 mit bir, 

D mein Stfi^Sftn/ jit^ 
Ittnnfl bu bin Btta w* f'in"' SSSoHtnfttg: 
Sag SRauU^itr fu^ im 9ttM fdntn SBeg, 
3n ^i^ttn nw^nt bei Sradjcn altc Snil> 
et fUtjt btt StU unb fibci: i^n bie ^t^ 


150 «Er«tiic. [Sit-in Oitt^;— 

Jtnmfl bn i^n bm^? 
iDo^l iDal)tiil 
@c^t nnfre ffitg I 

O JBattr, laf unl {u^n t 
|)atfenft)ie(er'd ®(rang. 
t nit fdn Snh mit SfitAntn aff 
SScT n{( bit tuinitMn»IIni 9Ud)te 
Vttf frinnn SBttte ndiuiib fo^ 
Dtr tmnt euii) jddfi, tfn: fnnunlifi^ fDti^tt I 

Jif)t fS^ in'l fohn unl ^indn* 
3^ lo^ ben Kcmni r4*ilbtg iporbtiu 
iDann libcTla^ ti)r i^n to 9t><< } 
XKim ollt 6<^ulb t&d)t fii^ auf Stbni. 
"We give next the "Heflections" of Gubtek opon 
the master tragedy of the tdndred Bpirit Shake- 
spere taken from the same w<n'k i— 
jQoifen etc (id) eintn ^prinjnir wit i(^ f^n ^ifiOxct ^it, 
teffcn Sutti untKntiutfjet ftirbL Sfirgcii unb .^ctif^iufit flnb 
nii^t bit Ceibcnf^fteni bit ttin belebtn f tt ^ttt (Ic^'t gefaOni 
Uffciii ®ot)n rintj XtntgC ju fein i aba nun {|} er nit gei 
nbt^iffi auf btn Xb|ianb aufmcitTamn; ju neibcnr btr ben 
Xinig t»m Untcrt^nen fdjribtt 2)al Stec^t guc Sxunt mat 
nfc^ erblfc^ unb bo^ IjAm tin lAngtrtl Stbtn fnnct !8atirt 
bit 1Cnfpni<^ ftintt tinjEgcn ®o^nt6 m^ btftftigtr nnb Ut 
.^ffnuna juc JCtont gelt^ttt iDoscgni |it^ er |td| nun but^ 
(tfntn C^tinb o^ngtad^t fi^boitr iStrfprt^unstni DuOri^ 
auf EmmtT autgtfi^fiin t a ^(tc (id^ nun (b atm on Snabti 
an Qjiltni/ unb fcemb (n btmj nxit tr con Suacnb auf M fein 
Oigtnl^um bttrcu^tro (onntt. fitc ninunt ftin OttniU^ bit 


mUt S^ffperc'd „^mlct''] ftot^r. 161 

nfx trauriec Sttdmrng. Sr fititt, baf tt nid^ mt^, ja ni^t 
fo ou( i#f oU itbn Ottlmann i et gicbt pd) ffic Hnni IDifiKr 
dnel itbtUf n fit nic^t ^Afli^r nuiit ^caUoffmb/ nriib tmak 
gtfunfcn unb betiftrPig, 

9Ia4 ftinetn Dotiacn ^n^anbt blitft cr inii nit nad) einnn 
Mtfc^imbncn SCrauntc. tSogtbcnlf bnf fttn Cfyim Qiit ouf' 
inttntentr ilitn ftint Sage cat txMtti anbtm IStfii^apuntK 
Idgen n»iSf bit Smpflnbang fcinct Stt^U wrl&ft i^n nti. 

t)« iirdtt S^Iogj ber ttm ttaff onktlt tfeferi bcugtt mx^ 
OKl)!. Q( i|i btc >^«init^ fHiwt aitutttt. 3^ ctntm tntttn 
ttnb jirSIt^ Sofmcf btteb ba fnn iBottt flatbi cine atuttn: 
luc^ fibrig i a %tfflt in ®tfcnfi^ft friim: ^intnlaffcnni eUni 
aXottn: bit .^Ibcngc^ jentt grofen Xbgtfi^btiKn gn vtf 
t^tm i aUt aaii fdnt SRuttcr txituit tT> unb ei ift fd)l{inmttf 
oU iwnn fU H^ ha Sob gttanbt ^ittc. Sal jnwrlilflet 
StKr bat ^ ctn m^IgnatfitiMe Ainb fo gtm wn fcincn 
eUnn maitHi verfd^drinbtf i bei bent IScUtn ift ftint <&illft> unb 
an btc fitbenbietn Etin -^olt Sit ift aiul) dn Ktibf unb unta 
ban aKatnitintB Scft^ttc^namtn/ ®tbi;t^liil)ftlti ift oui^ fit 

9ttm aft f^It a fid) rtc^ stbtugt, nun tejt vtrnMif'tf unb 
lein @1£CC ber Sttt tmn i^tn nitbtr trftttm nut a stUean 
fyiL Ki^ tcanri^ nt(^ not^bcntlic^ von KotuTf loiib Hfm 
Sxaaa unb Sta^nlen jnr ft^ntrtn iSiXbt. So ft^tn totr 
i^ aufbtten. Sc^ gloubt ni^r baf i^ ttnuC in bai @t&i 
^inrinltgtr obcr tintn ^ug fibtrtrtibt. 

Ctnlen eSte fi^ bitfen Sfinelingr bitftn SArfNf«%n "^^ ^^ 
^, va^qtmaixtiam Git |i(^ ftint ia^, unb bann beobacI)toi 
6it i^ mnn et tefiifct, bit Stflatt IcintS SSattrl trf<l)dne j 


162 (B'iiQit. [iEBtl^ltn 9RttftK. 

fte^m Sit i^ M in bcr fdincfU^n SRai/t, mttin tct t1}t^ 
nurtifee @tift ftOft »ai i^tti av^OHL Sla unge^u»i •Sntfefioi 
ngtei^ {^n ; n: cclxt bit SJunbcraellalt aiv ^^t fie aMvx, 
folgt unb ^irt. — Dii f^wcHftiit anOaat wttn frinwi Olicim 
nt&nt in frinen C^nti, Xu|fOTbming {Ur 8ta^ unb bk brine 
genbe ntieber{|oUt SSfOt: trinnnx H^ mtinerl 

Unb ba btr @ri|l MTftl^unbtn ifif uitn ft^n wfr wr un« 
fte^ ? Sinen iungtn ^IbtOf bn nai^ 91a(I|e fdmaubt ? Stnen 
gtbomen gi^i^f bet ^ 000^ fi^U, gegen btn Ufurpator 
rrincr £tont aufgefoirbcTt {u nwrbnt? 9trinl Stoutun unb 
Sriiblinn dbeifUtt btn Sinfammj tc niitb bittn ecgen bU 
lii^lnbtn SSftfrnic^} fd)»irt( bnt Xbgefdiiebmen nti^t ju 
DtrgefTeni unb fi^lfeft mit bcm bebnitenben ®eu^: bie ^ 
iH out btm Qtetenb ; m^ mirf bafi idi g«bonn uotbi fit n^ittn 

3n bitfen IBoctni, bimtt mit^ Ucgt bei eijUi^tl ju '^tnlcts 
ganittn SSetragnii unb nic ift bcuOfdii baf ®^a{f^an ^bc 
fc^Obem nwIUn : rim grofe S^ attf rint Sttle geltgti bfi ber 
S^at nidit gmrai^nt ifL Unb in bitfrai Siime ftnb' ii^ bat 
®t&t bun^Sngig gioi&eltet. .^ wttb ein Si^boum in rin 
U{tU(^ @{f&9 aeiiflanjt, baa nur (iibl^e Slnmni in fdnen 
mtfiet (&tte au^timcn foOoi ) bit S3ut}tln bc^ntn aue> bat 
Stf&f miib ttmic^tt 

Sin f^ntJi rtintti tbltSf ^iA/ft mocaltfi^t SBtftn* o^nt Me 
finnlulje ®t&dtr bit btn ^Ibtn madjtr gtfit unttr etnti; Hft gu 
@ninbt> bit tt uxbo: tragtn no<^ abwtrftn tann i icbc ^!(^ 
t|l itim ^i% Mtft }u fi^uKc jDot Unrntglidie tnirb con ifim 
Stfbcbet:!/ nii^ bat UnmSetitlit an {u^ fonbtm bat wot ,ii|m 
unmtgtic^ i^ aStt tr fiii) nrinbcif bre^ (ing|ligt/ dot. tub 


iwc&d ttitti immtr mnmct roki, |ti^ imma trinnnt unb lulttt 
faff feinen 3imcC out btm SSiimc vnUett, o^ne boi^ ienuU 
ivitba fro^ ju naben. 

Stdntcfe SudfS. 

This is a modem version, undertaken and succeei- 
follj' accomplished by Goethe, of the old " Volks- 
buch" of the fifteenth century'. 

" Beinecke's Cot^estion," when about to pay the 
penalty for bis Crimea, is among the cleverest epi- 
Bodea. Awaiting the execution of the sentence 
passed upon hi'm by the august assembly before 
whom he is arraigned, he flatters himself that 
' while there is life, there is hope,' and with meek 
fece and humble pleadings he craves leave to un- 
burden his mind by a lull confession of his crimes. 
By the time it is ended, he has so fin aroused the 
fean of the queen (with some insinuationa of a foul 
conspiracy) respecting the safety of ber royal Ico^ 
that she pleads for a reprieve, during which he finds 
opportunity to escape. 

^^pintuSSontinitielft mtt mini 3^ fcfie nii^t einen 
llntn brc groSen Sietfammlungi ben i<^ nid)t {rgtnb befi^AUet. 
Scftf i<^ nor nod^ tin Keinct @ompanf unb ^attt bit fStifbt 
Xcum )u faugen oerfant, ba folgt' Uti mrinen Begtobm 
Untn frit iiineen e&mmec unb Siegcni bit mbtn bti ^t^ 
@i(^ im ^nien jnflrtuttn i id) ^Mt bie b[£Ecnb«i 0Hmnini 

Hi, HBjlor'i fins eiMoa of a cnnilUlon ftom lb« Low Geimul, allh lu 


164 est&t. [Sbtncdtgn^C: 

Oar in genu, ba Ifi^ im^ naa) Ititm &p^ 
Ctmtc ^urbg ftc ffiiHf i i < Gin CAnmcQfn bif t4 in SobCp 
ecAttttCSIati ttfi^tdttmicISpIi^l nnb tUttto ndta 
fiicr bcr )ini0fntt ^xt^frtt nnb 11^ |tff nnb oHf nni^ fcuHi ^ 
6ixRt( tcfnt Sigtb ito4 'fiA^ntTf noc^ fintttir no^ S&nfb 
no [4 fit fonbi nnb V^ fl"^ monc^ im Sanbc Dtrscataif 
fBol {4 ecf(Ma4'rt nnb ooS rait ni^t oStt ju tfTta bcIftUt. 

9<uni btgtgntf rt mir j in tinan iStntn am SQdnt 
Strnf ti^ 3|tsnni bnnni, n lonntt ^inttt ben BlunKn. 
etti4 ocrftt^ n nAc, i4 fri ant frimm ®tf(^Icif)tti 
3a a wafit mir got Mc Scobt bra Sippfdiap* am gfiiat 
Sotjnni^nen. 3(^Iitfimii't0tfaQtnimi[f(^ff(ndnS&ibni$( 
Vai gtloMnt einanbn. oU Imte QcfcOm jn nmnbtnii 
eriba foitt' i4 bobnni) mfr mant!^ Utbtl baritm. 
Bfr burdrfbii^ jufammtn bat binb. S)a fiat)! n bat ®rgf' 
eta^I (<^ bat Xlrint. SQoa mir g(nianntn« bat fsUtt gontin 

Vfmrtwar nic^ennnn/Rriebillte: a t^tiltena^Binfl^} 
StimoU tta^nt i^ bit .^iUftt. 3a iijSmmtttt ^b' {4 ra= 

Snm R dn Xolb fii^ gpcavbt, fi^ eintn ISibber tibenttt/ 
SBttm ic^ tm Utbcrfluf fi^ t^n fanb n eben bie 3itgt 
grffd) gcfu^t^t WTit^f dn Sod i^ unlei ben Jtlauen 
tag nnb japptttt j gctn^' a mid) on nnb flcllte ftt^ gcimlii^ 
Stieb mi^ Inntrenb tiinnxg: fo tt)a[ mtin S^ i§m gcbUcbnu 
3mmn ging H mk fo, rt mo^tt btt Statcn fo gro? frini 
VIS n molltt. 3ai mtmt « gtftiia^f baf nir in SefcOr^ap 
dinm D#n gefangtnf loir rine £n^ nns gmonntn ) 
Sbic^ trfdiinKn fnn Skfb unb fi«btn Xinbn unb UMt^ 
Uibtt bit SBtatt fti^ fxr unb biAnglen mid) ^tntti bit SSo^dt 
Xrinc SHppt lomtf I4 trtangtni lit wbt bom gintU4 


9^^ QMru^] eotlt. 156 

ISiatt unb trocfen gtnoflt { tae fotUt mii atlrt gefaOcn 1 
Zba ®ott fei gtbanltf id) lUt Miween ni^ ^unget j 
|>eimlid| ni^if t^ mu^ lootil oon mtinon ^li^n Ci^^Cf 
Son btm SSCCba unb (SoOcr baS Ut) an mmc St&ttf 
'gtfmliA ■aaao3)tt i Uf fytb' i^ gcnUB. <St ftiiafft mir mi^ 

3^n (tin SSoatn ^innxai unb ttxnn a titbtnitul fi^. 
?S.» II (ixtii ».i »i<e, ii »■ km e4i|. i>rii«i mA, 

Krifl. KA in IBb ftKi*: >i« »■»■"« l» " m l»Blll.llI 

BitftS @l(^tnf otr^^ u^ rot^ nii^ mttS Unitf t« nrit 

2)nm id) ntf}mt ni^ mtt twn biefim f 6{Ut(I)en 2)ingcn. [^tlftn ; 
Xbn tvie if)c beft^ft/ mCn i(^ eutii aUa tciiSfkn : 
Ctim tS nutS min dnmal ^aoA { nm Siebcfl unb Scibtt 
9l{64f b^ tnotir^ftig bal grpfc @e(«mnl| tri^t lin^ Mr<> 

Dam fctr e<^6 war fltfb^Itn. Qi ijatten fid) nielt ttrHwomv 
(3it<^r ^ttx A&ntg, }n mdtbcn/ unb mmbc juc ftCMatn 

Kidit bn Gk^6 mit JOiig^ tnntxnbetr fo mar ei gefit]«f)en. 
Sterfct ttf snUbign .^en 1 i&ciin tan Mtxi unb SBo^lfutrt 
^ing an btm @<^t. Unb baf man i^ fta^i, hat biodjtt benn 
aXrinen eigenen Sotn in gro^ 9tSttKn/ M bto^t' fl^ [Iribn 
St^ iut tiaurigcn Sa^i oifOric^ ju tmigem @S<^i^m i 
Vba, gnibieec .gieiTi ju num Kutcn Q€f(^l) d 1 


SIS^ reitet fo rpil btm^ 9t<i>4t unb SBinb ? 
St tfl bn aidter mit ftinon Ainb j 


L66 IBitit. [9tbi4t( : 

Or fya bni Jbtotai v^ in UaVxmi 
Or foft t^ fit^, tr ^ i^n aaxa. 

n:0[ria 00^ wU Kcg^ bn |o bong brin I9e|id|t?" 
CSit^ Kattti bn ben SdUnis nii^ ? 
Z)en Odtnlinia tnU Jtnnt' tmb SS^tcnf ? 
«,aitdtt 60^ a if an Rebtlprrif." — 

w »Sn litbti Xii^ lommr ge^ nrit rait ! 
ISor fti)£iK e^mle ptT ii^ mit bir I 
9tan4 bontt JBIumen ftnb an bnn 6^anb } 
9triiK Sbttto: ^ aanift S^n ®<u>anb." " 

iHdn JBotcTf mein JBatn 1 unb ibttft bu mditi 
Sat IXTlntUmg mir teift wvfinittit ? — 
» Gri nil|isi bCtibe rut)igi tnrin £inb ! 
5Jn bUcttn Bliarcn fiufdt bnr SBinb. " — 

HffSBEn^ fnnci: Xnabtj ba mit mtr gel^? 
SSrint Zbi^ foKfl) bic^ tDOtttn fd)An i 
Stmu 3t<i)tn; f^n ben nM)t(id|(n SRet^m 
Unb uriegnt unb tanjm unb flngen bid) ein." " 

l^etn fSaUti mein iBater> unb |Tet)ft bu nt^t b«rt 
QtObnig^ SlM)let am bS|tem Oct ? — 
frfOtein So^nr mein So^n* id) fel)* eS gcnau ) 
<St fii^ctnen bic aCten Seibcn fo gcau." — 

f>»dd) Ileb' bi<^, mid) rt{}t beine fc^ne ®efta(tf 
anb bi^ bu nii^ widigf fo bran*' ii^iSewalt"" — 
aXeIn fiatetv mein IBotecr jett faft cr mic^ on 1 
Crittnifl ()at mit tin 8«ib« flet^an I — 

9Bem !8atK eiaufet'l/ er rtltet gefd)ti>{nbi 
Ot ^au fan Xcrae baS %enbe Ainb. 
Qcrei^ ben ^ mit axd^ unb <RotI) } 
3n fefaun Ximen hat Xinb nut tobt. 


»«a(l)t(ut>«— f.gSKTtt^JfiOc.''] (Sotbt. 

©cI) I gt^d)t mctnnti Sfnttiv 
9tti^ bcfnt jungtn Zat/i, 
ittm jdtig tl&aei: fdn : 
auf brt @ICi(te< giofrt SBoagt 
€)t(^t bfe Sungc fltnt «n ) 
iDu nuft ftefgen obn ftnbni 
>Du muft ^tnrfdjni unti gtttrinnntf 
Qbei bitntn unb wtlinttir 
eribin obcr trUtmpliirtib 
Xtnbof ^ti ^oimec (tin I 

SSanbreid illi4tlfet>. 
j^n bu twn Urn {limmtl M^ 
XUcS erib unb Qd^amitn ftSU^, 
Xiai, ber boppelt citnb Ifb 
jDoppeft mit arquichmB ffilltll. 

9^1 fd) bin b«f XreibtnS mObe I 
SB<tS foa aQ' bet @d)nm:) unb Sufi? 
Sommi ail tonun tn mtiiu Sntfll 

"SCwe 0«a( ^m^i^t im ffiofln, 
O^nt Sttgung ru^t boi SKmi 
Unb bcMmmtrt |itt)t b« 0d){ffn 
QSlaKc Sl^die rings mn^. 

SEtrine tuft Don Itintt &^ I 
2n bei myt^tmtn SBeitt 
9I(g(t (tint aSellt |td). 





nnb iricfeB in (uc^ni 
Cat WOT mein Sinn. 

Jm eS^en W i* 
8tn Stibn4«i ftefjtit 
SJtt eienie I«i#enb, 
soft Vtuotein f^n. 

Ji^ tncUt' eS txti/m, 
Ba foef ee frin : 

(Sebnxlim fcin? 

J(d) snib't mit »llcn 
tm ^SUcctkia aui, 
Sam @attai tiug tcf)'e 

Wnb ppanjt' rt wftbtt 
Xm IKUtn Drts 
gtun (meiflt rt immo: 
Unb bli^ fu m- 

5BaS aSaffer rauf^t', baS S!a|T(r fi^oU, 

Sin gtfd)«: faf baton, 

6aS nc* ber Mngrt tu^ott, 

«ii^l bis <mi -gerj Ijimrn. 

Unb ate a (iftt. unb nrit n lanft^» 

Xui bm bn«a»n aSaffei cauf^ 
ein feucyea a&ib ^ot. 

ftie fang ju i^m. fie fpva.% )U i^m : 
Sot Istfit bn mrint Srut 
gsa 9S(nfd)«m>l6 unb gSenf*(nU|t 
^auf inSobfSatut? 
a^ I n>astf |l bu, n)i('8 giff^in ifl 
So wo^Ug auf b«n ®runb, 
Du ^gfl iierunteri niie bu Uft, 
Unb waibeft «ifl gefunb. 


„3yr vm.»] 


ftabt fid) iAt Ittbt eoniu niil^f 
Da aXonb ^i^ ni^t im 3Stn? 
Jt({)it n)tn«iatt)inCTib i^c ®(|T^ 
Ruftt bOfpeUfi^infr^et? 
test bid) bn ttafc .^unmel nUijt, 
Cat ftiu^tontUicle Slau? 
bdt bi(^ ticin eigtn Xngcmtr 
Kid)t ^ In (w'eni SE^au? 

Sol ®o|l« rauft^t', ba< iSaflre f^nxA 
9Utt' i3)m ben nodten guf i 
erin ■{)«;{ nut^ i^ fo fc^nfu^UooIIr 
SBie bci bcr Sitbftcn ®nif. 
eSie fpra^ ju E^m, [a fang ju i^m } 
iOa nut's um t^ 9tf(^|)n : 
<^Ib )og f!c {^, ^tb fant a Ijin, 
Unb toorb nit^ mt^ S^f'tn. 

©rmien ber gRenfd^^ot. 

(SHenmn bet ittalte, 

SStt gclafftncr ^^anb 
XiK toUeitben SbOen 

Utbtt bit Stbe fil'b 
JUtr f<^ ben (e^n 
CSotmt fdntS JCIeib«( 
Xinbli^ S%uet 
Zten in bar !Bru{L 
Sean mit QHtttm 

Srgenb cin ^Sttt^dj. 

■fwbt et fii^ anfa&tti. 


StU bem e^tftet bie etc 

SKttgenbt fia^ bann 
Die un11d)ien esa^len. 
Unb mit i^m fpielen 
SBoOen unb !Sinbe. 

dte^t et mit feften* 
!Dlattie<n Xnodjen 
Kuf bet nw^IgtgtAnbeCen 
Daiumben @tbe i 


[Setifil^ : 

%{(f)t ei ni<^ auf, 
9tutraUb» @li])c 

9btta non Sttnf^n 9 
£a$ Dide ffiStQtn 
SJcr jtstn naiibtltti 
Sin nmecc Strom : 

Uil« ^ebt tie XStOt, 
ttitb miriKTftnltn. 

tfin tltinec Sting 
JBegctnil un|«r Sebenf 
ttnb Ditle @tfi^i^ 
ffid^n fic^ bmtmib 
Mn ilicrt iDafdng 
anentiKd)e Stttt. 

S ma(t)flXJu an berSBelt? — (it i|!fd)ongei 
iDer .^ to ®^i))funs ^ KIM btba^ 
Dtin 6»S ijl flcfatUni oofolge bit SBeife, 
SXx aSeg ijl tKeonnmr Qottenbe bie Strife ; 
iCenn Qac^n tuib Summer unrAnbnm eS ni(I)tf 
@ie fi^Ind<m SMd) (me au£ glnd^m ®omi)t 

Sl^iaft 3>n inunei: writn fdnoeifen ? 
Eie^ 1 bai ®utt liegt fo na^. 
fierne nuc bai ©Ifid (tBrdftn, 
Dtmi baS ©liid ift immet no^. 

2)er ©dnget. 

»S«^i^ ^^' ii^ bcauSen 00[ bmt SCtjor, 
SQai auf ber iBdiae fd)aaen? 

gaf btn SefanB nor unferm D^ 
3m ®aalt roieberfianen !" 

iDrt fifintg fpra4'B, b«r ^agt (tef } 

2xr Jt:na6e tantf b<t SM^ rief : 
„8aW mit ^min ben mtenl" 


.,©er Slnget."] «otJt. 

Ktgrfftt feib mtr, tbtt .gKiTnr 

estgrfigt if)t, f^int Damen! 
aSfld)' mc^ ^rfmmdl Bttnt bri ©tern! 

SBer (tnntt i^t SRomni ? 
3m ©ool mU ?ito^ unb .&mlUWnt 
StWieft, Mugou rad) j ^ia ijt ntd)t 3dt 

@icl) ftaunenb ju a^^tn." 
Jkt ganger brfltft' bit Wugen (in, 

Unb fd)Ui9 in waen Xbnoi j 
iDit Sitter f*aut(n muHitg teein, 

Unb in ben CS<I)ooS bit ®(!^nen. 
iDn Ainig, btm baS £{eb ge^t, 
eiefi, ajn iu e^wn ffir fefn ©piel, 

Sine golbne Jtette niiljtn, 
uBit golbnt Xette gieb nth; ni(^ 

TAt Jlettc giet) ben JRittenu 
Bor beren ffl^nem Sngeltdjt 

JDtr grinbe Eanjen fplittera,- 
@teb fie bttn JCanjUri ben bu ^afb 
Unb laf f^n not^ bie gott'ne 8a|l 

3il onbem Safbn trogen." 
h34 tinge mie bet SBogel fingt, 

£>er in ten 3wngen icotinet i 
iCae eieb, bat auS bet Ae^Ie biingt/ 

3B 8otin, bet teidrftd) ItHfvtt 

Co* botf i.% bitten, 6i£t' irfi einfl: 

Cof mir ben be^ fStdja aSetn£ 

3n putem @clbe rddjen." 

Vtt feSt' i^n an, et ttnnf il)n auB : 
f,D Stan! wQ fA^ec Cabel 



162 tSitit. [Srosmentt In 

ISO bal ifl Urine &aU I 
Sree^t'e eui^ nu|I, fo bentt an miii, 
Unb ban!et @Dtt fo icatnii aU id) 
^r bfefcn Snint tuc^ bantc " 
Some of G^O£the'b ballads, such as " Die Sraut 
von Oorinth," are distdnguiafaed by Bolenm super- 
natural effect; others, such as " Die^Spitmerin," 
" Der Miillerin Verrath," aaA" Der Mvllerm Beue," 
by exquisite grace and nmvetd, and all by a capti- 
yating simplicity of language. 

Few were the styles or topics ia which GoKTHE 
did not excel. The following mingled pieces in 
prose mid Terse, taken at random from his works, 
are only examples of flowers that may be gathered 
' to any extent' in the same field, — of beauties with 
which his vritingB, conferaations, and letters are 
iuU to overflowing : 


^Ue SXenFd^ gutei: Xtt empfinbcn in iune^menba JBila 
bunsi baf fie auf ber SBelt rine boppdtc SHoQc ju fpitltn V<btn/ 
rine nrirIUd)e unb rine ibtetkr unb in biefcm @e^I {(l Ut 
@ntnb albs ISblen au^ufudjen. ffiaS uiH f Ac eine vrnViAft 
toget^t fei/ erfa^ren wit nut; al^u btutCid) i mat bie gaeitt 
betrifft, botiibei: !6nn(n reii felten in'S .KIa« tommen. ' Der 
^Sxr^A, ma% frine ^^m Seltimniuns auf Scbcn ob<r itn 
■^tmmelf in bar ©egenmatt obtr in bet ^uCunft fudienr fo biribi 
<T h«t;atb bod] innerlfc^ eineni tieisen St^nbnj von augen 


tiim immn; fUienbtn Sinmicfaing atUocft^r bit cr tin fftr 

alktiiat txn Sntfi^btf faft, gu tMato, bat Sb(i)tc fri b<t6r mii 

0G^tnn etncn !Ot(nr<l^ bit Slatur ei^btnr 
3|t H lein SBunbR, tncnn if)m sftl gtltngt } 
SRcin mup in ibm btc 9)la<^ bet €Scf|i|p>^ tabcn< 
XXi r^ac^ S^n lu ^b^ <Sf)tt biitigt : 
2M^ iwnn tin axann vcn olCflt ett>cniptobtn 
£itfatur{le btfbfit: fi^fflblt bcjninott 
Z>ann lann man it)n mit Smibtn Snbem jd^cnr 
Unbfogm: bat iff erf boiiftftin tietnl 

JO reitingei tsar tin tOdjIiaerigelt^cttr, einfTcfjtttwOn: SSonnr 
bcm, aU er m ni^ amia^ bit ftountU^en Sc^jcbcnifft dntr 
2)icE|tuna nic^t tntgingoir ja tt lift ffc^ niu^nmftnf baf tt bit 
asingtl fnntt aSet^bc buntel fA^ttn moijU. SttOmttM^ ift 
i. as. ftint grose : ei tin genri|^ btf<^|[ttbtnbe« @tbiif mn 
££ntg auf bai Gu^s''^ ^ugufft btt 3<t"it(n niiiflid} tCn 
<Bebtcf)t fit? @o n)te bit IBtanttDortiuig bttftlben guten @inn 

^ielfad) i|t bti aBtnfcl)m Stteben, 
3^i;e Unrutir i^ Secbnif j 
Su^ ijl ntanc^g ®ut gtetbtiif 
3Kand)er Ifeblidie ®tnuf i 
SDo<^ but et&^e @iact tm Etbcn 
Unb btr m<f|Iic^|lt ©ennnnf 
3fi tin guto (ei())tn: Sinn. 


164 tfiotje. [gragmentt in 

^if) barf fogenf iii tarn nii leer juc&cCi mtnn id) unttc :Drud 
unt> Stolt) @ott sefud)t ()att(. @j tfl uiutiblid] Diet ecfagtf 
unb bocf) faim unb tarf id) nic^t mc^ fagen. ®o nrid^tig jebt 
iSrfa^nine tn bem Irilifd)en KugenblicCe fit midi niari fc mattf 
fo untKbcutenbf uiuoa^c^einliii) wflrbt bie SriS^Iung wecbeiv 
tMUi iH) einstlne %iSt onfA^n imlttt. SBit gUicCti^ nut: i<^ 
baS lauftnb Iteine SSctg&nee lufammenr fo eoci^ aU tai TU^anc 
^kn 3ri(f)en mtinH Stbent tftr tntr bntnefcn : ba| tc^ nfi)t o^ 
@ 1 1 auf bcr SScIl fet. 6t mar mic nal)er id) nmr soc i^m. 
^i i^'li mat iii tnit geflifenflidjei SSermeibung aSn t^Ia> 
gifdjen ®i]|i(ntfptrad]er mit gtbliteT Sa^^ fagen !cinn. 

]pi( @tn:b!:td)«n finb elrid) 1 «ltid)t bie ®eburt, 
©ie Suflttib nut mac^ alien UnterTdjieb. 
iDod) @eifler giebt'S, beg^fKeel vem ^mmetf 
m buid) fi^ felbll fmbf KlUg |tnb unb ntd)H 
Sem X^n^emi fd)ulbi0r nit^ ber iSeU. 

JQ it 9t a t u i: raad)t nic^e infonfequenteif jcbe ©eftoltr lit fei 
fct)in ober ^Itfli^f ^ot tt)tre Urfadjer Don bet fie beftimmt ntiibi 
unb unter aUen organifdjen 9taturen« bie uir fcnneni ifl (einei 
bie nitf]t uixt, mt fie fein lann. 

_J^atur! Du treig leimenbe, 
Si^ffR 3ebtn )uat @enu| be< gebenflt 
'^aft beint Jtinbec alte miJtterlid) 
3Kit IStbt^ Quegeltattet/ einei ^itu, 
•feed) bout bit ®<^ft' an bas ®e|iraS* 
Unfiljlenb, twl*en ^imat^ 


Ihufii unb ¥«iie.] ffijitlit. 

9Iaup' umfpinnt ben gotbnen SiMig 
3uni SBintntaue f£c f^e Snit^ 
Unb bu flutfl jRHf(f)en btr SinraangtnfKit 
Sr^bne Zximmat 
gSr bdnf S«bilt:fnt|r 
&nt ^isUt, SRenfi^ 
©enkfiefl iUt IST&btm I 


e(lQnttfd)et8anbaeiftn*er ilftrfdlri^t 
b«r fi^nfte ©egenflonb einnr mobrcnfn Sb^Ue ; re trfiWnti »f« 
aSdc^ftbicfh aU ^tlltc unb fiSnig in einw ^nfon. 3Cn ben 
unf<l)ulbtefbn Sujbnbf bo: |i$ auf Scbm benftn Ufti an ben 
M HdtmataxS, i|l n meiftenS burd) gleic^ Stefdj&ftigunSf fo 
nrif buid) gleit^ gamiltenwr^SUnilJc gelnilpft ; a ifl SSoter, 
^auS^m:/ Eanbrnann unb fo wUtoimtun rin ®Ueb bet @emeint. 
Knf bteTem treinen. fc^6nen/ ubiTtifm ®ntnbf ni^ fcin ^ii^aa: 
Scnif ) i^ ifl fibflrgebeni bie !Dtenfd)en ind Eeben jn ffi^rtnr 
fAri^ erifUy Siiieliuns ju forgenf {le bei alien <^iipts@pc(l()en 
i^ Bafeina ju fegnen, fie ju beWjcen, ju fciftigEn, ju triften, 
unbf nvnn ber Zteft fAt ble ©egehnMct ni<|t auenut)tr bie ^p 
nung etntr gliicttidftnn Sulunft ^eraniurufcn unb ju verbiksen. 
t)tatt man fi$ eincn fol^ SXaiuir mit tcin ntenfd)Iid)en ®es 
fjmmngenf Rati genug, nm untei teinen Unt|!&nbtn baoiui ga 
mtU^ tinb f^n babucc^ fiber bie 33Iengc citiabenr wn ber 
man SRein^eit unb gtjHglcit nfi^t tnoacten tann ; gebe man 
i^ bie )u feineni Mmte nit^flen Senntniffti fo mie eine (leitere, 
gleii^ S^&tiefeiti n>e(ii)e fc^ teibenf^ftlid) ifb inbem fit 
leinen Kugenblict uerfSumtf \>ai (Siite ju wirlen } — unb man 
niirb i^n uo^ au^eeftatttt Iiaben. Susleid) aber ffige man bie 
nit^ Scfd)r&ntt^ tiinjui bafi n ni(t)t aOtin in einem tUintn 


166 Cotibt. [gragmtntt in 

Jtsc^ vofyixtvot fbnbcm nm^ aQcnfdUf tn ttncn tmcf Hdiunt 
Jibogt^ mtgc ) nan vntd^ i^ (Sutm&t^ieleilr Skrfi^nlii^ 
tat, SStanbfwI^bttr imb umI fonfl nw^ out onnn (ntf<^beiun 
StKttatta £ftbK^ (cnMTfpcingt> unb fibtr Mti otltS rine ^tilnt 
9ta(^%ltit unb I&c^bt JDuIbune eiawt unb fmnber gfliln: 
fo ^ man bat Silb nnfmft trcf(ii^9Bafefi(It)fa)i(m> 
Ii4 bttfommtn. 

^^ntnblttt if] baa fSeA bag )u ooOfi^iTfli 
iDit eScck bdngt aSii m&i^n jtbt 3t)at 
So grof gldt^ tfiuitr aU »ie fit uAt^H nnb toicbr 
ffiom 3a^ long bunifi Cinber unb IScfi^It^ 
Cet SOhinb btr £Hd|tnr jtt cmne^renb uilit 
Si flinat fa fc^n, aaS anftt Silittt f^atenf 
SBwin rt im IKIten abtnbfd^en ru^enb, 
X>er 3&nQtine tmt bent Son btr ^rft fii)Ub^ } 
Itt^ »aB mic tf)im/ t{tf mit M C^ai oaCf 

jBoa stas)' tmb tittt etjkdiDni i 

So (onfen nnr vait Urn, nai wc tut flle^tr 
Unb aditen ni^ beS Stcgrtr ben nrir trttntf 
Unb fe^n ntbtn nni bee S^n^erm 3dtter 
Unb i^ <SirbeIt6tn$ ©puren faum. 
!Sit eticn immer i^inn €d)attcn na<Iv 
2)ec gittergldd) fn dnn uvetten gtme 
3>e[ Serge ^aiqrt auf eelbnen SBollm Irftnt 
3c^ ^IH nu^ Don benir ber Don fid) bcnft/ 
SSie t^n baj Siotl siell(i<t)t er^ben m&c^le. 

^(irgmbf nirgenb in ba ^It mangett rt an ti)ettne^cnben 
bttfhmnenben SSeeltni oenn nitr <^mi au^rittf bcfen Umjlinbe 
i^m D S t U s t S t e i ^ t i t lafTtib aU' fdntr fintf^tolTcnfKit tu 


|>cofa onb ?)c«fie."] IS'itit. 167 

folaen. Unb id) ^abe bas ^ffnuneiBotfe Stfll^; tUberon 
gitbt'f te|Tli*t SOteift^n untn boi ail&^faen nnb 9aittn, 
unb ba« C^ bti StaitftU ift ftttm tanb, nnr i^ unftn esttmnt 
mn^ |u f(^[^ bil ba^uf ju nU^ 

S^Utll ifl fit 14Bn bit Scit! 3n i^c JBMte 

fflcrngt fi^ fo Diet @iittl Inn unb Ikt. 

3i!)( baf M immn nuc um etiun Si/ntt 

Sen unfi jtd) ju tntfnnra fdftixt, 

Unb unfre bonge Gc^u^t bun^ bo« bbtn, 

»ii4 earn m e^ritt bU M ban Snibt lotti 

00 lUten ift ti, bdf Ue SmTtfini finben, 

IBot I^mn bw^ bcflimnit getMftn fdjinif 

eSo ftttcnr baS fit bat tt^altnv n»j 

Xu(% tinnml bit bc^Acttt ^nb trgriff I 

&i tt^t fi<^ littf omB tcfl lu^ ung ccaabi 

!Kir lafftn loB, mat wit btgittia fafttn. 

®t aitbt ein @lkC alletn wa lenncn'd nid|t) 

Sic tenncn'i mill, unb nriflim's nf^ ju fc^J^n. 

Uebet ©hitler. 
g^t^iOn: inrtbfg^ boS Ssangdium bei Sni^ li^ RvIUt bit 
attditt bcr Kotur nlt^ ■ottt&cit mifftn. Xut fttunbft^ofHi^ 
Ktigung gtam tnit^ vitUtidit ntetn: aU aitS dgenn lltbtc}nu 
gung bc^nbtltt tt in ben h^ttifijm Siltfm bit ptt fOtutttr 
niil^ mit jtnn iKuittn VutbcAdtn/ bit ntii: ben Suffat tot 
Xmnut^ unb ffiflrbt fo ■oafyift gema# fxttten. 8BriI Ii^ abtt, 
tnn mriner €Mtc liarfniifis unb tierafinniSf bit JBoriAae bn 
ecit^i:^ jDit^una&utf bee baiauf gegifinbtttn unb iwn bort 
fmrtimralii^n ^fit nic^ aOein ^tnodfoi, fonbem |ogai; out> 


168 Cotibe. [Snemenb in 

f^Ucflu^ bitfE Srift fftr bit nttjig xtifit unb nttbifn^ttifiiccr^e 
gttUn Br^r fe toart er ju fc^kfRfm Stai^bcnlen gra&t^igti 
imb tbm bitfcm Jtonflict vobantni tmr bit KuffJiee Sber naint 
nnb ftntinitntaU ^cefit. Sribe 2Mi^ne«it)nfim foIUen 
fic^ bcqncninir cinanbec ntgpt&btcftt^tiib, fU^ ntn^fcUtodfe 
gld(^ Eftana lu iwrghitKn.— ScfiitItT legtc ^itbur^ btn 
trfbn ®ntnb iuc aon} iiratiiXt^t)dft|bcnn^tIUn{fd)unb 
Totnanttfd^/ ttnb nxtg fonfl qm^ fAc S^nontjitHn mftc^tra 
onf^rfiinbtn nxrbaif lafTm ti(^ oUt boitt)in lur&ctfAlimtr mo 
Mtn UtbcrgoDfi^ mlln: ober ibtcOn St^blung bit 9{tbc 
mac. — aSit bficfcn i^n vo^t glfktU^ ^ireifciv bof n wn bnn 
®i))Ft' bes moift^ttc^n Xhtftini JU ben Stiigtn tm^gtltitgtn, 
bof tin fi^ncOn: 6<^«:3 t^n von ben gebtnbigtn ^inmcgc 
gtnotnBKn. iDit ©tbreiljen beS XUtti, bit ^no^ ber 
®ei{UeMftt ^ot n nid)t tmpfunbtn. @i ^at aH tin 3Sann 
gtle&ti unb ift aU tin coKftinbiQtc Warm iwn ^ittntn gtQanstn. 
Stun ettiit^ a im Xnb(n!ni ber StodinicU ben SJmt^ oU 
tin tmis S&^tiao; unb Jtriftigec ju €i:f(i)dmn. ^mi in ba 
@eftaU> mie btc SStnfi^ bit Srbt vedhft, manbttt n unttr btn 
St^enf unb fo bleibt uni K r^ i U aU «n emig ftrebtnbn; 
Silnaling gtammilrtig. J)afi tr frii^ ^iitBxgfdiitb* fommt iiu<% 
una iu @ute. Son fetnnn ®rabc {IMt au(^ un6 ber Xnlnuc^ 
feinec £ca^ unb tRtgt in un< ben U&^Wt«> Strang, ba£ 
moA n begonnen mit Sitbt forts nnb immtr fortjufeftcn. 6So 
mitb tr ftinon Solfe unb ber fRtnfd^titit In btmi xoat tr gc 
mirit unb yaeolit, ftett tebcn. 

t!p6 glit^tt fttne SBange roCt) unb rM^tr 
iQon jentr Sugentf bit un« nte cerpiegC 


Ihrofii unb ^fte.] ^itit. 169 

JBott itmm Stuttir btc IrAIitc aba fp&ter 
ZtenSBlbecftonb tra fhimpfm 9BeIt tefifat} 
Sen icnrai Slaubnif ba m fttti nliitittri 
fiolb Kt^n fienjoTbTingt, tialb gcbulbig fdnnitgtr 
iCmnit bus ®ute »{rl& »a^tf ftommc 1 
iDatmt bn Sag bel Qbcln cnbliil^ !ommt. 

Hnb mandy @etfbti tie mtt i^m flnunscn. 
€SHn gcoS Snrbicnjt unmilUs anertanntf 
&t fii^Icn ltd) a>n fnnrt JCro^ biird)brungtiif 
3n frincin £nife iciUig feff gcbaimt 
Sum '^c^fbn ^at ctr fic^ tm^ot ffftHjroxmgimi 
aXit antmr nui »u fdi&tnir cng wnvanbt 
So feint {^ 1 Ctnn nui bent HKonn boi eeben 
nuE I)iilb ot^tUt, foil son} bie 9ta(f)i«Ct gtbtn. 

VWl^ic otte fmb fo boniktf ba| mir immcr glaubtn 9Itd|t ju 
^ben ) unb fo ii$t fid] rin au^ocbcntlidiec @ti|t bentta/ bci 
nii^ oOnn trrt, fonbent fogar Euft am Srct^um fyit 

]@te Sa^ct fmb aOnlubfle Snttt, 

@{t btaif)ten geftenv fit bnnstn ^ttr 

Unb fo wrtefngm »ft 3ilna«n eben 

iD<i« dltet&bfb @ct)IarafTeniScben. 

Unb bann f&Ot'i btn Sa^ren auf rtnmol cini 

9tiii)t nK^ TOW fonfl beqium ga fegn j 

fiSoOtn n[d)t mt^r fdfcnfen, niollen nu^ nul)c borgnb 

e!te m^m ^tci fit ne^tn tnorgtiL 

We take leave of Gtobtee, with Carlyle, in words 
that can never be more appropriately applied — 


^^oge Shtfe, fag' bnn iSE^f 
aOic a: benn ti maifn Toll ? 
3>tiui btt nmnb«Ud)ft(n 3U<^ 
311 bit tube aSelt fo coO. 

^mraer ^ab' id] bo^ btn rt(^ 
«la«n SBtfl un ftieb geiriBt* 
Smtno: mar es boti) bat fi$l(d]tcn 
2)Jiflnn ¥f>i^ abgcneigL 

9b(i; umB bft .{Krrcn nwOtn 
fBaci mir ntemaU s<">i i»tannt ) 
SBtnn fit wAtttn n»e fit fotUen, 
jtB&t' c« aud) tttc^I bolb genamtt 

JBKillll bu bii: ein ffllaofi btrrittn/ 
6(^ut maS ben ISbEtn nti^r 
SSai i^n oucf) tntfltat p 3eiten, 
SBnrn brt Stfi^nn fi* otrflift 

dolcf) tin 3n()aU trfner ©Sngt, 
SDtt erbauft, bet sefiHtf 
Unbi im ittilfteften Sebtingt, 
jDouB'S bi( fttUt btjfre SBtlt 

Jh^ost "i^t Ki^ anbttm Siltb 
Steintm SUIen bUtibt fein 9ied;t 1 

.■:i,,G00gl>J \ 

9act V. 

Schubart. " Der aeigt Judt ;" "BitU." — Kquisk. "Dot 
Sekutrilitdi" "BmdaUtdi" " GeM tor der Schlaehl."— 
AmNl^T. " Det DeuiteAenValtrland." — Mattbhion. "Kaiur 
Max mtf der Qtnvagdi" "DtrAbendi" '• Opftrlitd."— 
Him.. "Der Wititm" "Gutt Oeduld," "Klaamd 
Grotzi" "Vnfliiek der StadI Leiden." — Balis. " DmGrabi" 
"An die Erimurmig :" " FyOktingtlied." — TiKDaz. "Unaiai" 
"An dctLeben." — Suabisa Sdioal: Ubland. " J>et Sangtrt 
Flueh," '• Dot SImdeAfni" " Freie Kmul ," '• RuAelMal i" 
"Der gute Karnerad:" — BcmrAB. "EUbtth wm Calw:" — 
KutriB. "SHIk nrioKin" "Zunifi" "Alit Lautt:"^ 
Hatbb. " Wanderpr^it." — Mb>iKS. "In der Frihe:" — 
ZiimucAHK. "Aimd:" — MUluek. "In der Fern." — 
BCcEiKT. " Die lierbende Blume ; " " Salmon tinJ dtr 8at- 
maim.'" " Allgemeinei Grailiedi" " Ur^rrung der Sou, ■" 
•■ ffHh"*."— GaiTN, " Dtr letitt Diehlen" SchUler'i Sland- 
biid." — Wbbbenbsbo. " Goltet St/en tm Leitliehen." — 
IiWbiliokath- " iMKtnritt." &c. fltc ix. 


JBdm eStOoi bn eitba. 

Si. till.. !..,[.. B.ri UK »«»! 



9art W* 



(Cflii0tian ^vittititt) JBtmitl Sctwtart 

(1739— 1781) 
Was bora 20t;h of March, 1739. ScHroABT was 
gifted with much natural genius. He Btudied theo- 
Ic^ at Jena, and subsequently entered the Church ; 
but his restlesB disposition haring led him to satirize 
in hia political paper {Die Seutfche C^ronik) the 
conduct of the despotic duke of Wiirtemberg, he 
was summarily seized, and confined for ten years in 
the fortress of Hohenasperg, where Sohilleb often 
visited him. An "Ode to IVederick the Great" 
was the means of his Hberation. 

In this captivity he composed " Der etmge Jude" 
(the wandering Jew), and several of his best poems, 
together with his very interesting Autobiography. 

In 1789, he accepted the office of manager of the 
theatre and poet-laureat at Stuttgart, where he 
died on the 10th of Oct., 1791. Schubabt, it should 
dso be remarked, was a great musical composer. 


1 l^citAirt. [XVni. So^t^tmbert. 

2)n eroige 3ube. 
xi«t nnnn finflmn ScBilfte XanntTc 
Jt^ X^olwr. Bolb ftnb'S pmtoufenb 3al)Rf 
6«t ttnni^' t^n butt illf SAnter pritfc^c 
Xl£ 2tfu< ^ff bit £afi twi XinqtS tnig, 
Unb TQ^ OMltt' Dot V^otixroC 3^, 
TUi I ba wrfagt' i^in X^oftxt bit 81a^ 
Unb IKef ben SSittlei: tcofiig nm ber Z^ii : 
Unb Sefui fdiDMntt' imb fani mit feincr ta.% 
iDwi) « tmfhunmf . — Sin SobtScnsd tiat 
JBor XfMSiKTOi ^ unb ^ftaif im ®riinmt : 
ft iDit 9tu^' ^ft bu b«n 3Rnifd)Rifo^n Mifogt ^ 
Vu<( bic fq) fief Unnunfd)Ii<i)n; 1 Dcrfoslf 
Siibaeerttmmtll" — 

(fin fd)tiMt^ ^Ct'tnt^^'ner 
iDitnonr n grifeU nun bid)/ S^aAxc/ 
JBon eonb ju &mb. £)ei @tecben« ffi^ Xroft; 
S)er Stobeftutif atoft ift bit wrfagt 

fluB rintm pnfltten QkMftt SaxmtVt 
Zxat ^o^et. @i: fdjutteUt ben SSCmib 
Xug feinem SRattt i na^ bev aufaetfjihintni 
Sobtenfc^bcl dmn, rd)ltubett' i^n 
.^Inab eom Sormel, bag « ^fipP' unb f(l)oa 
Unb fptittertfc wiDet Bwr tnein fflatetl" britOte 
XfKiloero j. 9toi^ ein S^Sbet I ^ai nn^ 
Siebtn ®d]ibe{ iMlteittn ^ab non 
gel* )U geWl I, Unb bit — unb bie/" mit ^iecem 
jBargcquaU'ntm Vuge caf ft ber 3nbei 
H Unb bie — unb bic — pnb meine iBeibev. ^Iki 1 " 
9to<^ imtnec raOttn @<^beL wiDieunb bie." 


Xm tnidt 3ube.] Jk^t^rt 175 

f&tUSt Wwevtr, » finb miat Jtintof fyi ! 
€S(ttonnUnflnlMnl — Vitt iif Smoafttn, 
3(ft !ann ntc^ Itnbcn — M! >»i fun^tto^ (9m<l)t 
'^Anflt fi^redaibiriiQnib noig dba ntc" 

Jknifalon fanl 2M) tnfiftlltt ben &mfjBn%, 
3(I| raiinf fn bit gtommf < f d) fCui^tt bem Kfrmra i 

<&utt mH am ^at unb — 1<^ ftaxb ni^ 

Btomar bfc Stiefini ftilr;te tn Sdtmmer { 

3(4 iiellte mit^ untec bic ftiir)cnb< Kiefini 

JMi) fie fel — unb jermalmtt ntiif) iri^t 

nationtn tntftanben unb fanfm twr nrii ) 

3<4 a&ei: bittb unb ftarb nic^tlt 

Son noOfngeguitftni Jtlippen fi&cit' id) 

.()iRuntcr m'« fSXtm bed] ftnib<Inbt Sic(ttn 

SBiliten micft an'S Uftt, unb brt SSisn* 

Slanuntnpfdl burd)^d^ rnid^ wieber. 

|>iiiab [aV i(i) in Vttnn't groufen &ifaab, 

nnb wOl^c {)inab in frinrn ®c^unb } 

2)a bdUIf i4 mi* ben SRitftn jc^n Stonboi long 

aSdn Kngftee^eulr unb scifieltt mtt SScuJitni 

Die Sk^Rwff Imiinbuns. ^a I )(^n tOtonbni Ions 1 1 — 

iCUd) Xttna gc^c unb fpie in eincm Siinaflrom 

3Xi4 wicbcc au& 3<4 juctt' in Xfi^' unb Itbtt iio4 

Se brannt' rin SBolb j id) Staflmbn; lief 

3n brnintnben SSoIb. Som >^ai:t ber tBixmt 

Stef gtutt auf mid) — 

So4 fmste nuc bie ^mmt mein @tbtin 

Ui* — vatf^i mid) nit^t 

iOtt '^mtecS Soufl la^mte an mtt — 

3M Sigtit 3al)n fbintpftt an mic } 


! BtfiJAnvt. [XV 111. So^nbrrt. 

JCdn ^ungrign: itu jorif mtc^ im Cittui. 

3(^ jimdtt beS j&ra^n blutrot^en JContnt : 
X>oii) bit €!d|{(ing( |tad) — unb tnoirbete nb^* 
tOti^ qu&tte bee JDrn^ — unb morbeK n{i^l 

9a fprad) id) ^^^n ben Spcannen j — 
©ptad) jU Sltto : Hu bifl rin SBtirt^unb 1 
epro^ )u S^tiiKern : 33u bift (in Sluttiuitb 1 
Spiod) iu 9Kulti Sfmutl: Sifl ein JSIut^bl 
ZWcf) bie Zi)rannm trfamKii 
@raufaine Clualdi unb nikgUn tnicf) niC^t 
^ 1 9ti(I)t |l(i:btn tinnen I nid)t ftetbtn {onnen t 
9tul)t nilKn !£nnen nad) hti tditS aSSfxn I 
iDoi ®toublrib ttoflen t gJtit feimr Sobf (nfatbe 
Unb fetnem ®ied)t^um I @nnem ©n&beigenid) 1 
®e()en inilHen burd) 3a^rtauffnbe 
iCuS g&^nenbe Ungc^et @inerlei ! 
Unb bie geiter ^ungctgt 3eit/ 
Snuno: Jtinber gebltenb, tntmer Jtinbet oerfdifmaenb 1 
^ t ni^ fbcbf n Itnnen 1 nid)t fterfcen tinmn ( — 
Qdjctiliiitt $ivnn im ^tmmeli 
^ft bu in beinem 3iu|t^aufe 
Sod) an fc^recdidjer ekrid)t ? 
^Of fo lafi e8 nteberbonnetn auf midjt — 
gSiift niitj' ein aSetterlhirm 
Son JCarmeCS StSden ^tnuntetf 
iDaS ic^ an fetnem guge 
auSgeftre* Keg' — 
Unb !«ic&' — unb jud' unb flerbe ! — 

Qlnb Ti^aSoaot fanf. Stini (lang'e im C^ } 
9tai^ beetle feine boifl'gen XugenniimiMin. 


Tn tmigt Sat*.] fttjnftart. 

Sin engel tag iijn wieber in'e ©eMft. 

.f »a fcyaf nun^' fpcad) b« Sngel, „ WMaon, 
e<SHaf rSftn ®<l)[of I ®otI ifirat nitf nuie." 


(auS bent fiertet.) 
^rquElt alter SScliflfeihn, 
iDie in ©h6m«n (id) wrStriten 
Dutd) btt ©diipfungfn ©ebirt: 
Bofet! iiie'mtmffclmibKfl.! 

^it^ urn ©flter bwfn: dtbtn, 
3Hi e^aVatn ®eiftfi SBffcl)iPCTl«n, 
9li*t um ®oUiflaub, bet: wow^, 
9t)^ um Ofirc. bie Dergt^t; 

${i^ tun ^[(Hi Jtinbeiptq)p<n, 
Um bie ©djlana' mft gotbiwn esdjuppetv 
Um bit ffieltlujl foiiim' i* nii^l, 
Bater! ow: bein Xnfle|ic^ 

i^itfH um frfftfiE 8(ben«ftiiH)tiv 
SSie in S^tintn rngsuMutm i 
Slid)t um ling'rrt Eeben ptlit 
3)id) mein finatnbel Qhbct 

#i*f nm^ grri^ nrfa i.^ ft^n — 
Sngel tv&bcn mit'i unjei^n, 
iBSoin idi mit flebofl'non finfc 
Smmer Sennit, gtritieit fn^ i 

WUs mit ®Cttetn biifec Qrbe I 
@&ter wm bem ^Ac^ften SBect^, 
3Me btr .^mcl (ett« ptrifl, 
Seti^ ©Oter fu(t)t mtin @ri^ 


drtn&art. [XVin. 3a^». 

Adj&tb bit ntnnaU Krfl&ub«tf 
Sngmbtiv bit oeig blnbcn } 
Z^alRif diKi Q^fbn ntrt^. 
@iiib e£( btc mnn ^ai txectnt. 

(Srtt^ qOr; gutcn @ataif 
g(ft(n Slaubm mi^' ti^ fytbtn, 
aSw (in aSterftIi un&OMflt> 
ffitnn an i^n bit aBogt fc^li^ 

£.i(t>% aiu twintm {ittitn ftammtnii 
3mmtT im unb imtntt ^mmcnbi 
Sitbtf bit btm gtinb otritilit 
Unb btm STtunb txit etbtn toci^: 

^offnungf bit mit ^o^ <^U)>t(> 
rotnn bit Sittt mir VQti raubtt/ 
^intilitCtf mo (it imnntoall 
]fllti nttbti (inbtn fad i 

%o^tn mtsti} im Aampf btS Soften 
3Xit bei @ibtnftaubt j Cfifttn i 
®it8 ban ®tilt unb rotnn tr (itat* 
jDimuft)/ bit in ®tau6 jM) ((^miigt » 

Sulbungi adt etbtngplagtii 
9Kit ®tla11en^(it ju tragtn i 
StiOte .^mnf big bet SbOb 
Stid) ttlift auf bttn @tbot t 

^nb bann Qticiflenmut^ in SSttibtn i 
Sienn bit etpptn fii^ (lUf&i^benf 
Sinen Seu^er nod; ju bir; 
Scfu I nintm btn @tijt con mc 1 

QHiH^ bu/ .^tin: Don mtincm Ccbtn I 
iDitft StU^bit mir 0ettn< 


aSittt.] Kcintrr. 179 

@o tmrb mcine Aobmoi^ 
SSii: gum ^atabut ecmai^ 

Immer mid i^ Mm/ ringcn 
3n ben SanbcHf bantem {instn ; 
^ontHf bU ta bit ffifiSi, 
SNid) [u nifcn auS btt SBett 

A«It 1 gitb bi4 nun jufricbttif 
Scfui ftmint/ unb ft&cft bit !DIiUicn ; 
9twc wrgif nit fetn ®ebot: 
Sti) e<ti«i bii in b«t Sob I 


(17»1— 1813.) 
Xetes did the fiame of patriotism bura purer in 
tlie heart of faiy man that in that of Kobkeb. No 
sacrifice to the libertiea of one's country was ever 
more entire and nnreBerved than his, or made with 
a clearer apprehension of the full extent of its 
demfuidB. When bis pen sufficed not, his sword 
was as readily grasped, and his life as &eely given. 
Beautifully applicable aie the words of an English 

Ad eagle HaDping riom clouds of mom,— Oslf to dial 

H* went nith tbt Ijrc, irhoiii lofty lono— Btnesth hU lund 

Had thiUlcd lo lbs name oT lili God iloas.^ADd hli fUhnUnd. 

Cael Thbodob KoBiTEE was bom at I>resden, 
on the 23rd of September, 1791. His father was 
counsellor of the chief consbtory of that city, and 


180 Kirner. [XIX. So^unbtrt. 

one of the most &ithiul firienda of Schillek. In 
Ilia youth, KoBMiB'a health waa weak and pre- 
carious, and his education was in consequence con- 
siderably retarded. 

Hia childhood waa not precocious : his compre- 
hension, however, was keen and acute. His&Tourite 
etudiea were those of history, natural philosophy, 
and mathematics, besides which he early displayed 
considerable talent for music. But his ruling paa- 
aion was poetry, to which he devoted himself with 
ardent enthusiasm &om his earliest years. 

In his aeventeenth year he quitted his father's 
roof for the university of Freiberg, where he entered 
upon the study of mining under the celebrated pro- 
feesor Websxb. To this and the collateral sciencea 
he now devoted himself with unwearied attention, 
without losing in tmy degree hia indent love for 

In the summer of 1809, he undertook a journey 
on foot through Upper Lusatia, in the SUesian 
mountains, with a view to the further prosecution 
of his mineralogical studies. ^Enjoying the ad- 
vantage of introductions to persons of high con- 
sideration in that country, &om whom he received 
the information best fitted to direct his inquiries, 
these were pursued with great success. The aubli- 
joiij and beauty of the acenery had the greatest 
charms for his mind, and he ever reckoned his re- 
sidence in Silesia among the happiest days of hia 


Jtbinet iu SSitn.] SSb'rnrr. 181 

life. Several of EoasD&'s lyrical poems and sacred 
sonnetB were written at this time. 

The simplicity by which the latter are charac- 
terized, stamps them as the spontaneous efiuaionB 
of a heart itself imbued with elevating principles 
of religion. 

"From this period," aa his father remarks, "a 
greater seriousness and depth are perceirable in 
his poetic productions, and they bear fuller marks of 
a genuine German spirit." 

From Freiberg, where he remained two years, he 
proceeded, in 1810, to pursue his studies at Leiprig. 
Having spent the winter here, he went early in 
1811 to Berlin, where he was received with much 
kdndneBs by some of Mb father's friends. 

About to renew with his wonted zeal the study 
of botany, he was seized with a fever, which, after 
several weeks, left him in a state of great debility. 
His father, viewing with alarm the spirit then pre- 
vailing in the German universities, and desirous 
to seize the opportunity of removing him &om the 
influence of college associations, decided upon his 
starting for Tienna, and taking up hia residence 
there for a time. 

Here a decisive turn in his life commenced, since 
he devoted a large portion of each day to poetical 
composition and the study of history. 

What his father most desired, to use his own 
words, " was not so much his preparation for any 


182 fitoWr. [XrX. ao^t^unbert 

particular pursuit, aa the completion of Iiia mord 
and intellectual character 8.8 a man ; for only Huch 
a one did he consider justified in aspiring to be 
a poet." 

The number and variety of his compoeitiona, in 
great part dramatic, afford a singular example of 
perseverance and facility of production. "IHe 
Bretut" (The Bride), and "Der grime Domino;" 
a farce, called "Der Nacktwachter" (The Night 
Watch) ; " Toni," a drama, founded on a tale of 
Heikkioh TON Klbist ; the tragedies " JWe Si*ft«e " 
(The Expiation), " Zrvnj/" (his best), " Sedung" 
"Sosamvnd", taii"J'oteph Segderioi;" two comic 
pieces-— "-Z>er Vetter out Bremen," and "Die 
Oouvemante;" two opens — "DasFisohermadck^n" 
and " Der tnerjdkrige Poften" with a great number 
of spirited lyric poems : — That all this should have 
been accomplished within a period of fifteen months, 
is a fiict which would aeem almost incredible, and 
must have been altogether impossible, but for early 
and BUBtained habits of persevering labour. More- 
over these were productions, for the greater part, 
worthy of the character and fame of an established 
poet. In hia comedies, he showed a leaning towards 
KoTZEBUE ; in his tragedies, which were the most 
successful, his standard was Schilleb. Of his 
poems those of a martial character are most distin- 
guished ; they all breathe a high spirit of heroism, 
and are written in energetic and fiery language. 


Xtief on fdntn SSotcr.] HoVncr. 183 

Uia misceUaneous pieces vill tilao be fonnd to ex- 
hibit some of the most admired graces of refined 
and elegant poetry. 

An appointment to the office of tbeatre-poet to 
the court of Vienna, 8e€med as if opportunely sent 
in order to hasten his union with his betrothed, 
a lady as distinguished for her mental acquirements 
as for her personal charms. 

At this &Tourable point of his fortunes, the call 
which summoned the flower of Germany's sons to 
fight the battle of their country's freedom, foimd 
also in Eosrxb'b heart an echo. We have seldom 
read anything more imprcHsive, and, looking to aU 
the circumstances, more affecting, than the lett«r 
in vhich he communicates his resolution to his 
bther. It is very 'Glerman' in language and 

ji^tutfi^nb fhtit auf j txr yttU^^ijt THiln txmit in alltn 
tinHn '^erjtn buid) ftini f&^ntn glCigelfi^l&st bit gcoft 
grrit)«t. gSdne ^nfl ffuftt nad) ibwrn ffloterlanbe — laf 
mii^ !>; w^biger 3iingling feiiif ba id) atxfi mtlSjt 0cli^eit 
in biefinn Seben rrifen fanny itjt ba aOe Sterne mdnrt 
Quae in f^iner gjtilbt auf mid) niebn1nid)tenf v^t {|l ti b<t 
@ott cin nfitbiste @t^\, baS mU^ tteibt, iegt ifl e8 bie 
ntid)tige Ucberjcugungf ia$ frin Cpf«r ju f^ fri fik bafi 
^ii^fU menfdjlic^ @ut fihr feimS JBoIteJ grdtteit. (Sine STofe 
3«t niia BTofc -^en, unb id) flil)l' bit &afC in mir, rine 
Jtlif^ fein iu !&nnen in biefa 8}6[Cabranbung i id; mu^ 


184. Sairner. [XIX. 3n&tf)im6trt. 

^nani, unb bem SBogfnfhtnn bit mut^ fSvufl totytgrn-' 
brflthn. SoU id) in feiget ^cget^nung mtinrn ficgtnben 
fflrtbcm meintn Subtl nac^Idcm ? 3d) twig, Bu tmifl mandjt 
Uimt^ nieibtn tniifT«i, bit iKuttnr wiib tccincn, ®ott ti:£fl< 
fitf t^ iann'i Suc^ nidjt nfpann. — 

iDaf t(^ mnn Stben toagcr baj gilt nit^t nicC 3 baf abet bieS 
etben mit alien SUt^n(t&n)<n in iUUr bet ^unbfdiafti 
bei greube ge[d)mi!ictt i|l, unb baf {$ t8 bcx^ mogej baf u^ 
bie ffi^ Qmpfinbuns ^iiwcifei bie nrii in bm Uebnjengung 
ItbtCi @ud) leinc Umru^t, leint ICngft ju bereitcni bai ifl ein 
Opfnr, btm nut (in folcfier ^ia tnleegtngfftftt nwrbtn batf. 

True to hie country's cause, he fell in an action, 
which took place on the high-road from G-adebuacb 
to Schwerin, near Hamburg, on the 26th of August, 
1813, a few hours only after the compositioii of 
the inunortal " Sword-Sony." 

The death of Kokheb excited the warmest aym- 
pathy throughout Germany : many a tear was shed 
over the tomb of her hero-poet. He waa biuied 
not &r from where he fell, under a beautiful oaik, 
in a recess of which he had frequently deposited 
Tersea composed by him whQe campaigning in its 
Ticinity. This tree is still known by the name of 
" Komer's Oak." The monument here erected to 
his memory is of cast-iron, and the upper part is 
wroi^ht into a lyre and a sword, a &Tourite em- 
blem of Kohher'b, from which the collection of his 
war-songa, "Zeier und Schwert," has received its 
title. Truly is he described as leaving — 


Sc^nicitlitti.] ISorntr. 185 

A grhf In ill blhcr*! uul Id ml,— Uldit ill hlgb thought, 

And ■ nune ud > bm* Bboie the blight— or eulhl; biHth, 
BeiutlfUl— heuiurul und biighl,— In lift *nd duth. 

Near the grave of the poet u that of his only aieter, 
who died of grief for his iosa, having only survived 
him long enough to complete hia portrait and a 
drawing of hia burial-place. Over the gate of the 
cemetery ia engraved one of his own lines : — 

.. SictTf lie tiiBiii Xibtio niiti !" " Poigsl not the fkitblol dead ' I" 

25a§ ©djwertlieb '. 
iKtttrr. iCuS^vnt an mdnecfifntra! 
aBo« foO beta ^ritrrt aSlmfen? 
SSdiaufi mid) \a freunblid) m, 
^aV mriiw Gufl baran i 

dcJbtDtrt. fiSnidj tc&gt (In WQctctT Sbiter ! 
iDnim 6Itn! id) aud) fo ^eiteir 
Sin frtitn SRannrt Bkijr, 
Sat frcut bent &AftKttt fe^i; 
^unofj I" 

1 The followin 


•ebtenaddieaied bethel 




The; will rorltutm 

■ton be iateiatliv 

(0 Ihe EnglUh rt 

ni.»[[iui 1 

cm iDi tii,,.. 




tl»lt»><>I OloUtM 



»■► B' 







Irfutli, Bl. 


».fl Um i< 

i(ti[4t. CI 

in i|ni bii Ii«itr4> aiAt fr«a iR: 


rt lib 9RicT 




XD IDI Hdi ' 


rt e<.r>ir<» G'ti-ft'i- 


86 laornti-. [ 

mtittv. Ha, QultE SSc^ertl feet bin O), 
Unb litbe bid) ^jinnia/ 
Ul§ iv&rft bu mit gctiaut 
liCiemeineliebt aScautt 

£t|)fa>trt. »>Dit: ^nb' id;^ ja nrgeben 
URtin Iiti)t(8 Giffnlcbeiif 
adjl retonioit flttroirtl 
185otm tiolfl bu beine SBraut? 
»ttttt. 3ur ^o(feeit SJIotgtnrit^ 
Sluft feftiidt) bte Xtompdt ^ 
SBann bie Sunonen fi^ri'n. 
^r id) baS Sieix^n tin ; 
StStotrt. „D, fdifleSUmfangfnt 
3i^ fyaxt mit ajdlangeni 
35u SBriut'flam fyik mid)/ 
es l)aiTt ntein .&«! ouf bid) ; 
.^urra^ !" 
JRefttr. aSoS Wtrrfi bu In btc @d)nb« ? 
®u ^ne gi(tnfreube 1 

©c luiU), fo Wlad)C(nfroH 
aSdn 0d)iMtt I H)a8 lUttft bu 1 

^tjtofrt. »aBo^I Hiw' id) in bet ®(^etbe } 
3i* fe^ne mi^ jum ©trdtt 
Stei^t niilb unb fd)lad)ttnfro^( 
lOcunii SRtittr I (lice' id) fo I 



iiSat e^ttwrClicb."] ISiirntr. 

iAtiitV. iBteiti' bod) im engen Stfibdjenf 

t&Sad wian bu t)UT, mttn Etcbc^ ? 
SSIeib' ftiU im £&mmeilrin ! 
JBalb, tulb ^ot' Id) bic^ tin I 

dcfplntrt. iiiai mid) nul)t langc nucCen t 
D fd|6net eiebcieartcn I 
SBoa S&ibia blulig tot^, 
Unb aufflttia^hm Slob ; 
^un:a() 1 " 
iBttittr. 60 tomm' b<nn aai bei ®d^, 
IDa 91(it«ri Vusemwibe I 
^au^f metn Sdnvcct I t)etatid I 
8^' bii^ ing Satn^uC i 
^urrat) I 
^tbiattt. 1,10)1 Ijetrlid) ifl'8 im greten, 
3ni di|l'9(n ^dgntrn^n^ 
ffiu gl&njt im ®ont»nfb;a^ 
®o bl&uUd) f)ca bn ®ta^ ! 


®ir|t fa^ i4 an ba Sinhn 
jDid) nin: cnfto^len bUntttif 

£X)^ an bie Ste^te traut 

®ott fii^arlii^ bit SBcautl 
■^urra^ I 
SBoI)U)uf, it)i: UOen StreitttI 
SSof)laufj if)i: bcutfdicn 9tdtti 1 

aQitb (ud) bat -^ctj nid)t iMcm ? 

8te^mt'« eifbifjen in ben Kim, 
^unrat) 1 


* Kanwr. [StMd)tt: 

Unb Mtat Un licbt^jdetn 

Sr&utlii^ SRunb son Sifm 
Vn tan Mppm frjl 1 
Pi^i ton: bit Sraut 'mli.ft ! 

9lun loft bai Hibiien fingen, 

iD« .^odHtthnorgen graut! 
^inra^ I bu Siftnbraut ! 

}^t;nunefigiautiibj tobeSmutfifflf 

SStUst bet groSe SSorgen aiv 
Unb bie Sonncr talt unb bluti^i 

Eeuditet unftti blut'(;en JBa^n. 
3n btr ndcbften ©(unben ®il)i»ft 

eiegt baj S^idfal etner 23eltf 
Unb It jUtecn fdion bie GoofCf 

Unb bre E^'tne aBfirftl fMtt- 

Srftbei I eui% tna^nt bie b&mmetnbe SStunbcr 

9Rat)ne eud) craft ju betn t)rilisjt«n Sunbcr 

Sxtu, fo gum ^Xoh ali jum Ccbeni gcfeOt I 

^tet uitB, fm @traun btr 91&d)te, 

eiegt bit ®<t)(inbei liegt bit @^ina(i)r 
fiitflt bee grewl ftembei: HSiiJitti 

:^ bie btutfc))e SMit ^''ait). 
Unfile ®pii)^ naib gtfc^betr 

Unfh Stm^pel ftfirjttn «n ) 
Unfvt (S^re {ft oeqifSi^tb 


'] Sairner. 

SDeutfu^x Brflbn, Ug't fie «n 1 
fSrAia, Me SRadje flammtl ffleufit tin* bie ^ 
DaS ftd) bet glu4 ber .^mlifd^ ntnbtt 
eSrt bm Mtlotne ^aUabium etnl 

ffiot una tiegt (in glfiifliij ^ffen* 

Kegl ber 3ulunft golbne geil, 

@ite()t dn flanjer ^immel offfn, 

fflia^t bet geei^ Stiightt. 

iDeutfdje «un|i unb btutfc^e Cwber, 

gcauenbulb unb atittglii, 

JCOeS ®wf t lonunt un8 nneber, 

Kites ®d)ine (((itt jiiriid. 

abet no* flitt efi etn gtif lu^ ffioflen, 

feben unb iWut in We ©djanje ju f^fagen j 

Mur in ban Dpfntcb reift uni bag ©Ifirf. 

Wun* mil ®ott l wit woOen't magni, 

ge(t neteint bem &lricefal ftefen, 
Unfa l^ta turn atlot troflen, 

Unb bem ZoV enfflegtn gelin. 
BatCTlanbl bit mod'n i»it ftetben, 

SJit etn gtof efl aBotf gebeut 1 
Unfn Eieben mJgen'fl etben, 

mat tow mit bem S8lut befteit 
mat^i, bu grri^eit ber beutf^en ffiictien, 
ffio^fe tmpotr ilbtr nnfere fait^n ! 
Botetlanb, fjire ben ^tgen (Sib. 
tXnb nun nxnbet ni» Slide 

9t<>ii t'mmai ber eiebe nai$ j 
e^eibet Don bem ffliatljengtiliJe, 

Das ber mij^'se SSilten trod). 


► SSomer. [®«btil)te : 

SBirt eu* axti) ia& Xugt ttHbet — 
Jtrine X^T&Ti( bringt euil^ ®poR. 

t>am befelilt fit emrtm 6krt 1 
3flle bit gippeni Hi {fir un6 beteib 
Hlte bit ^tritnt bit roir jertretenf 

arifle unb fdju^e fit/ enjifltt ©ott ! — 
^nb nun ftifd] )ur ®$(ai^ gmKnbtt, 

Kug' unb ^} jum SfdK ^inauf 1 
aifee Stb'fite ifl wKenbet, 

Unb bat ^immlirdfe g/t^t auf. 
gaSt cuc^ anf i^i; b(Utfd)«n ISiiibn I 

3«b( 9£en;( fei ein ^tb ! 

Snut ^erjen fc^n fic^ roiebetj 


.fitrt i^'S ? fdion iaud^st e£ una bonnecnb entgtgtn 1 

JScAbn 1 ^inein in ben bli^nbcn Sieg/ta I 

SM(bn:fe^n in bei befTctn SBelt 1 

®«bet Bot ber ©t^lat^t. 

St&Uinb umm6Itt mid) bet Sampf ber @trd){i$t/ 
®pdU)enb URiiuiicn mid) ti)|T<Inbt Sltfe. 
fitntec Ux @d)Iad)t(ni id) cufe bti^ 1 

ajafer, buffifiremiii)! 

^ateii bu fCiiiTe mid] I 
S^t' mii^ ium ®\t^, fQ^' mid) jum S«be : 
^TT, id) ertenne beine iStbote) 
.^etir tcie bu nnQllr fo f%t mtt^ 

@ottr id) etfennt bi^ I 


„ ®«6(f Mc bee Sddlaclit''] atn9t 191 

(&otti id) eriennt bii^ I 
eo fm ^tilltdftn 9tattfd)m tm Sl&ttet. 
XU im @d)lacI)tentM)niKTnKttnr 
Urqutll bet @itabti erftnn' u^ bic^ 

ajatec, bu ftgnf mid) 1 

tFotoTf bn fegne mit^ 1 
3n beint <{)anb btft^I' i(% mein Sebeiif 
SMi tannft tt m^tiv bu ^ajl a gcgebtit } 
Sum fitbtii/ gum ®tetbcn fegiu mid). 


ffatcr. id) prnfc bid) I 
'@ ifl ia fdn £ampf f&: bie ®ater bei Scbe ; 
iDa j <|KiU3|te f^^gen tmr mit bem @i^!wrtc : 
iOnutir faOtnbr unb ficgenbf pcetf ii^ bi4 

®otti bir ergeb' it^ mid) ! 

<fiottr bir trgtb' id) mid) I 
aBenn mii^ bie iConnn; bei Sri^e btgr^tb 
tBtnn meint Sbcrn aeiffntt fUeftn: 
©it, mtin ®otJ« bir etgeb' (d) mid) ! 

Saltc, i^nifc bid)! 

Among patriotic poets, the name of Abndt ranks 
with the highest. He was bom Dec. 26, 1769, in 
the Isle of Biigen. In 1806, he was nominated 
Professor of Philosophy at Greifawalde. In conse- 
quence of the numerous writings of Abndt directed 
against Nt^leon, he had to fly from Germany in 
1808, and to seek an asylum in Sweden. 


192 anVt. [XIX. So^^mibm. 

BetnnuDg in 1813, he becsn^ Frofenor of Mo- 
dem Htstoiy to the Utiiveraily of Bonn. HaTing 
been implicated in some political offence, he was 
arrested and impiisoned. la 1820, he was set at 
liberty, yet deprived of his papers. He was re- 
instated (in 1840) by the preaait EJng of Pruasia 
to his ch^ at Bonn, where he is now Lectorer. 

His historical works we important ; the principal 
are the " Chitt der Zeit" 1806 ; and " Atuiehten 
vnd AuMichten der Dcuttehen Qetchiehte," 1814. 
BesideB this he has published an accoont of his 
"Travels in Hungary, Italy, France, and Sweden," 
and other works. The following is a noble natiom^ 
anthem by his pen. It is eqnalled in force and 
spirit by the "VaterltmdaUed" and "-BZ«;S«r,"both 
composed in the year 1813. 

S)e§ S)eutf^en SSaterlanb. 

Sl^aa ifl t«e 2>nitfd)m SSototanb? 
3ft'* ¥«uSoilanb ? 3ft'8 ©rfwwbnilanti ? 

Sjl'Bf nw am !R^ bie SIAt gli^t ? 
Sfl'fl, TOO am SBett bit 9S6oe jielit? 
O nriiif nritii a nnn 1 
®ein Satnlanb mu^ ei6fec f^ I 

WM iff W Deutfdjen ffiatKlanb? 
3ft' 8 SBoierlanb, ift's ©tritrtanbi 
3ft'Bf TOO bfS OTarfm Sitinb (id) fbeCtt ? 
Sfl'ei TOO b« SHirfer ei((n redt? 
O nciiif neini o ncin 1 
eSein Sateilanb muf griPci: f'in I 


ZM £«i]tf4eii SSatcrlanb.] arnUt. 

tlQai iff M 2>eutfi^ iBalnlanb? 
3ff'S ^)omme^nbf SBcftp^altnlanb ? 
SfP** wo t« ©onb bcr Dfinen mt^t? 
Sfft, UK bie iDanan braufcnb ge^? 
O iKtiif luirb lutn I 
®nii SJotnlonb muf grt^ fein I 

OHoS iff bte iDmtftfen Soterlanb ? 
So lunne mtr ba8 gco^ eanb t 
Sft'a eanb bet ©dirodjn:, ifl's S^rat? 
3)a« £anb unb fBall gefiel mir iw^II 
O nnn, o ntiiif o nein t 
@ein SotcTlanb mup grfifer fttn 1 

aBaa ifl brt £«itfii)en Sattttanb ? 
©0 nmtw mic baS groSe eanb I 
@RtnEr (t {ft bat OtfttntU^ 
Xn 0ieg(n unb an S^ten nld) ? 
nrinr utini o mm I 
©tin SJaterianb muB flregtr fdn I 

VRai ifl bee Xieutf<i)en IBaUtUiA ? 
@So n<nne rair bat grofe Sanb I 
SffS/ aai btt gihflm Srug jtrHaubt, 
Som JCoifei; unb cain Stcid^ g/txaabt ? 
D neUif neutf o nrin 1 
@cin aidtnlanb mug ^b^et Tttn I 

Wat if) btt £(utrt{)en Sktalonb? 
€5o ntiuK enblid; mir baS Sanb I 
wSo nvit bte bcutf^e 3unge tttngti 
Unb ®ott im -Eiimniel Eiebet pngi !" 
£ae foil et friiif 
2)a§, roaOra Deut(d)etr, foK (t frin ! 


IM anOt. [lUifariiAtr. 

Sot 9 kn Sctff^tM Satecbi*. 
Sa eaw HHbt ka Xmt tcr .^oA 
Sg Smr ^a BSD* 319 Mitti 

Hat HdK miM im .^ayB ftL 
Sot foO ri fcin, 

ZhK. mnfan Z!cittf;4(& ^ li (rr ! 
Bui ifl bn Cratfi^ Sotttla^, 
S« 3dcn mlilgt ten »ilf^ Sonb, 
Sa KtcT Snob! ^rifirt Smibf 
So Ida euc ^tiitt Sraott 

JOoi gonic 2)nitf(^laiib foO (6 frin! 
Bo( 9iu<i< IDtutfifMib loO t£ fctn, 

C (Bott vom ^imnKl/ fid)' baninr 

Unb fftb tmt iifitBi bnitfc^ Wtat^ 

iba$ unc ti Vtbca tm ntiti gut 

Xkt fba (£ (em, 

£ai 0an;( jDeutfi^Ianb foO M (ein I 
Worthy cotemporaiieB of Kobhbb and Abkdt 
are Sohene ton Schehssitdobf (1784 — 1817), 
author of the impreBaiTe " Lcmdetv/rmlied," the 
" Soldaten/mwgenlied," with niiinerous songs for 
itoldiera, and some grace&l poems ; St^&ehaij^k 
(1763), author of the noble collection of waavsongs, 
" Kriegtgetmge aui den Jakren 1806 — 1813 ;" and 
F. Or. Wetzel (1780—1819) distinguished by his 
" Ideder out dem £riegajahre," replete with national 
and patriotic feeling. 


Jtaifn SXn.] jnxttjifMon. 196 

^titWttt bon JSatttisson 

Was bom at Hoheudodeleben, near Magdebui^, 
January 23, 1761. He became atudeut of theology 
at the umTeraity at Halle. In 1809, he waa by the 
king of Wurtemberg appointed chief librariao at 

In 1829, he resigned his office, and retired to 
Worlitz, near Dessau, where he died on the 12th 
of March, 1831. 

His elegies and popular lyrics rendered him a 
fevourite poet. His style on the whole is pleasing, 
and his poetry hannoniouB and touching ; he excels 
particularly in his descriptiona of rural and land- 
scape scenery. Schilleb says ofhim-. — "The man 
who could compose such a poem aa the 'Elysium,' 
must bear, stamped upon his soul, the seal of 
initiation into the higher and sublime mysteries of 
his art." Matthissoit published also a series of 
letters, containing an account of his " Travels up 
the Bhine and in Switzerland." To these literary 
labours he added an extensive " Lyric Anthology," 
comprising no less than twenty volumes. 
JEaifei ^at auf bcr ©emSiagb, 
^^it 'SaftXU bet ^artinERMtit bei ^trl TtlKfnt, •am unfid)ts 
barer JCrafC getragenj in ten Hften jU fc^ben. SaS ftomme 
iCentntuI itiMfntt bte &ttUt, xoc Xaiftt aSairimilian bon 
Sifltn auf btc Otmsio^ bii ©tsigeiftn bca^, unb « (iif) 
ofFtnbarec StobcSgefaJic ou^e^t fa^r tnbem er mit unbnvafs 

r:„i- :i-,G00tjl>J 

196 fiiaitiiMau. [JCaijte mm oitf 

tuttn ^Afni Irinni St^Ttt tDagm bnrftt* nxliw punter nc(^ 
ttinanf. Sin i^fHser .flirti aUn: esd)lupf= unt Sdlcnuxgc bet 
boTtigen Scrgm&ftt tunbigi amcbt fein 8«benfirelt«. iDiffo: tr= 
Mim bn n^fitni t^^ntaf' 9)tantnitianjr wtHia im @«fte 
f^n mc^ uiiUc @n9Cbi oU unter 9Snifc^ monttlttr nii^l nn 

£aifei: SSoTi berit^tt uni bat)n; bit Stettibti getiet^ cinft 
ouf M^nn ©tmSjagb ^tf an bit ^forttn brt SColwS. ©S 
gipfttt fi(b an bnr Sanbfttalr Don Snnfbnid nad) VugSburg «in 
ftnt»(I)tet gell ju ben SGolfcn ^maufi roeldjec von bn untie;' 
genben ®t. 5!Rarlin£bucg bit Sencnnung @t. 3Ila[tin£icanb n: 
fiieU. Xuf biefer SJanb wrRitg in frintm 3u3(nt«K« jid) 
SSatimJIiani alS n mit DertDegrnen) ^aibmannedfet einet 
fiac^tigen ®tmi nadiflettnte. ^Ufilt^ fat) er fii, ouSgefeet 
auf tinn; ®teinp(atttf mo jebe 9SEeIid)teit »erf())»anbi iflit 
ob€r oonoirt* ju fi^rittn. 3Bol)in frin ffllicf fiift auift nttnben 
moiftt, umilngten it)n g&t)cticf)feiten unb QHjctatn. aSit 
tinem ®elle ober anbmn Sttttuns^nerfinig i^ txtiufommenf 
maift bit Sftaift^tit nii^t mmiget alS bie ^b^t b« fuKftttawn 
griffnmaun; unmiglid). @r wblittte fein ^ofgefolge unttn in 
bet Siefe unb oerna^m nur bum^f unb ft^ai^ Nffcn 3ammeni 
unb jffie^nagen. Stoei Sage unb 9t&d)te rang a ixrgeblic^ njic^ 
^fllft : bann tfyit n mutljig Bcritdjt auf baS (eben unb berei' 
tete fvi) jum Sobe. @i) fbrtf ali ti na(i> fo langei Tibmmtt= 
rung mSgltd) mat, ti(f « ben ©etnen ju, bie Spriefter mit b*m 
t)eiIigeR ©aEirament Eommen ju laffen unb i^m \oUtiti ju jetgen. 
Snbef nfc^oQ bai ganje Canb Don bee bettubten .ItunbCf unb in 
alien Sir<i)en fleljte man urn SRrttung. ©er ■Quintet erbotnitt 
ftd) bee frommen SJoltetf unb fanbte feinec ISngel einni in 


bn @cni<ia^.] iSL»tib(itim. 197 

951enfcl)m9(ftdt ^inab jur ffirte. Srim Mnbnidit bet britttn 
^otgen^ ^6rtt !S!iiritni[Jan ^intec ftd) ®ei3uf<^ unt> oU n: fid) 
manbtCf trnt dn fct)6na: Sflngting ^bd aaf ebcnnn ^abti 
[nd)tt bent SrflaunHn ju fttunblidiem 2cictxn bit -^anb unb 
fpcad): »®etTD|li guter .fierrl @ott lann Sud) ntUn unb nfU 
6ui^ vrtten. golflt mir gemul^ unb ffitc^rt 9ti(^ ttxiter." 
9KaiMiiilian tijat mit ^eubnir xcit b« gfi^ito: tijra gcdot. unb 
gelangtc mtiec ju ben @einen. iDer fc^ne Sungltng abet wt: 
Ira ftc^ untei ber ^enge unb marb niemal^ wieber gefe^. 

23et abent). 

^uuT^ui: malt tie IXonnen^figel, 
9tact) b(c ®oni» @d)cibebli[t i 
eieblid) fttflfjit beg Sadje* ©pUgel 
■^efpers guiitcieilan} jutHcI. 

VSkit in Xobtenf alien bilftet 
SBirb'S im ^appelroeibf nfiain ) 
Untet teifetn tBlatteefIii|ta: 
®c))lumroem aOe S6eel rin. 

TXax bein Xbenblieb. o (SriUe ! 
X&nt np(t) au8 belt)aut(m ®v!m, 
Dutd) bet iDimntiung Suubei^fiUt 
@fige Siauecmelobitn. 

C[:&nft ba einf) im Sbrnbtiaui^r 
©rilMjen, auf mein ^uljefi ©rab, 
Mu8 ber gceunb[d)aft SRofenflrau^ 
lOtinen Jtlaggrfang l)ecab: 

WBirb mein Seifl noc^ jlets Sir loufdjen, 
^tdjenb/ roie er je^t bit laufd)t( 
jducd) bee >^ilgeli ESlumen rauf^eni 
SBie bieS ®Dmmn;Iiift(i)en caufd)t I 


19S ^Rtt^CAfam. [Dpfn&b. 


^ie glamine loimt, mOber ®<Ann 
iDntdKlUinit ben b&ftem @id)en^aiii 

Itnb aici^audibJi^e maUen. 
D ntig' etn gnibig C^i ju mtc/ 
Unb laf bti 3fltigliiig§ Cpfn biTf 

X)u ■&i<^fiecj tcc^IgcfaHen ! 
^ei flets bcr Stcitieit 9Bet)c unb @d)ilb I 
XKin SebcnSgdft bindjat^me milb 

Euft, erb(, S(uer unb glut£)en! 
(Sitb ntir. aU Sunglmg unb ali StteiSi 
Xm cAteclubm .^ertif o ^u€, 

SMS @<^&nt JU bem ®ut(n 1 

Wab a diBtinguiBbed Protestant prelate. Bom at 
Baele, in 1760, lie pursued an unostentatious and 
even course, and died at Carlsruhe, where he held 
a, Professor's chair, Sept. 22od, 1826. 

TTJH poems are noted for their truthfiilneBs to 
nature, and their graceful simplicity. "DerSehmeh- 
ofen" "JDer Winter," "Der Morgenstern" and '^Das 
lAedlein vom Kirgckbav/m," show his happy style of 
depicting rural scenery. Hiflpaatoral,"I>»e JPows," 
is unique. 

He has also rendered great service by the pro- 
duction of many popular tales, and short, pointed 
narratiyes, which have been welcomed with pleasure 
by all classes of readers. The best of his poems 

r:„i- :i-,G00tjl>J 


are written in the Scbvarzwalder ' dialect, requiring 
the aid of a gloBsary; that which follows is an 

25et SBinttt' . 
1% (((t bo oU iavmtU ftK? 
fit r<^en rim t nbR ttil 
3n b'gitten abtn unb o^ t)ufl i 
H f(l)iKit b«c^ ottr (fi ifd) e 9rU6« 
Unb't ^on^ no mcnet nogt twH 
tun l)tramcl tbti mtxK rkL 

Qnb nw ne ma eo nntcm lou^ 
fo ^ n DO bt feaunwlc gitiaiift ; 
St tTtft fit nf bei: aifik aa 
unb nffem tfott unb lanft beno : 
S6Ja( lauffi^ btrni fo/ bu ndtrfdje ma? 
be nnifc^ fie boi^ n!t gflott ^? 

Qnb aiiten ab unb g&iten of 
©it )i4i)n wit arofK ^ boi 
fit meine, '« feeis* fufl nltmt* fo : 
Zttr nuflbaum ^ bod) au ft fad)r 
unb 'i ^ntiM nnb '< <pif)tbad). 

Qnb too mt (uegtf ffi^ fi%n« unb f(f)ntt, 
me fi^ tt Ibof unb fti^eg me. 
3Sen9 fomtd^li/ d^ unb jatt/ 
lit untttm bobt tt«i MruMirtr 
Unb fi^ntii fo tang (8 fdmeit ma^ 
H mattit uf fi oflertag. 

iHtng fummeroigtli fd)iner art 
tit untemt bobe tool Qenoarti 

' „«lln»iiiti;4< aitiiOi." liini, lUO. Ciiu III. 

I :„i- I ,C(K>tjl>J 

St ^ fti <i)ti)nmn: unb tti ifa% 

unb maxttt uf fi oftcttag } 

Unb gangC au lan^t er dwnt anoO 

unb fibn (iflafti, unb 'S ififi m moL 
So<^ nKnn im ^Ug 't fi^mJiImU fuigti 

unb b'funnmiinni abt biingti 

yoS taufifl* wadhtt in ieium giiob 

nnb flrtift (i tote^mbli afrj 

fBo numtnen au nt l^U ifdb 

fc^Aft 'e liben ufc r iung unb ^fn^ — 
So flitgt e tiunamg CpAeii ^ei: 1 

( btt&i brot tcic (i UQa. 

Qi luegf (in fo ttbJinnIi Oi 

'i ^ fiber n«^i nit me g^ 

@eU. bkflli. fel ifn^ anberi jit, 

loennS (Jjom in oUe furf lit? 
9o ^tf(l) 1 Cof anbem ou btno t 

bif^ t)ongerig, d^fc^ wibec c^ I 

'® mufi UMi: fir miel t fpnlu^ti git: 

fi@ii fei|)C nit unb einbe nit, 

@t( ^n Iti pflug unb ^ fei joi^f 

unb @ott im ^iaimtl niit fie bc^" 
^leiti unb ®rof . 
^n Mfieui in btm Oebirfle Sauru* unb an anbnm Orten, 
lebt eine Ztt twn Kiilben @cl)afenr Kigali genannti bit fmb fe^ 
grofi fiaxt unb fdKUf unb ^aben fe^r grope .gibnitr. SBenn dn 
folc^l Z^iec im Xamp^ cbtt buret) ein anberet UngliHd ein Jpmn 
onliertr mat ieiutwikn grf^t^tr fo fommt ti ben bottjgen 
gfidfSIein ju gut iDitfe tiaben aUbann nii^t nM^igr einen !8au 
in bie @rbe gu gcobeni metneni bttC ^orn f^ il|rtttt»gen boi 
fi^itpfcn f)inein< unb mo^nen barin. ffiaor^ber mu$ man ^4 


S.UW unb @rof.] J. $. ^tfttl. 201 

me^ tMitounbcmi ^bcr bit geofen ^kxkc, ober fibnr bit tUinn 

Sic tldnften Si^h He man dnnt' fKi^Mi JColibtt. ®U imb 
in 0Abiunni{a bd^dnir ^btn nmnberf^&ne So^ben uon @oIb( 
unb ©ilbregland hgen SUrin, fo nic^t B^*^ fiib* at* rine 
Sibfe, unb mnben nirt)C mit ©if^rotcn gefi^ofieni fonbtm mit 
fUinni Sanbtimldni mdl fcnfi ntdtte @anice on i^nen btitbe. 
9I(b<n tbncn mo^ dnt @|3inne> bie ffl fo grcfi bafi fte bitfic 
onnen Z^kcc^n n)i( CRiktcn fingt unb au^faugt 

anb«ni giffptef fI6ft b« ^tvc eimmctaettr feinn: 9Ia(l)bot= 
fttwft eini ber in ben Stjrolrc unb S^meijer @eliirgcn bat)nni 
i#. XKnn mit ftinen auigtfpannten SlAgcIn btbiit k tint 
ednge Don ad)t bi* neun Sn6/ unb i)l ftixtt genug* ©emfeni 
Sitgen unb £inber anjupacCenf gu ^benoAUigcn nnb bacon ju 

JDa giifte untetr aCltn Kigtlni bie f(t<gtn tbnmnr i^ bcr 
£onbnr> tin i^bCmann bei JCoCibri. Xticfn roift mit auigts 
fip<innttn gl%In fcc^e^n Suf > feine Slfigelfebnn finb oome 
fingn:<bi(t> alfo/ bafi man fd^ Si^oclm; bamit fclirriben Unntff 
unb baS Siaufi^n (nnn S%'I gln^t ttnem ftmcn Sonnv. 

Zba bet anetgr6f te Sioget ift bee @ttau| in ben aSCifteneien 
Don X^m unb TCfrAtoi ber alier wegen feinn @i^iDere unb Rxgen 
bei St&tit feiner gitttge gat nid)t fliegen fannr fonbem immet 
auf ber ®Tbe bleiben muf. lOoi) tid^t er feinen £q>f neun 
big {f^n Suf ^od) in bet 8uftf fann meit I;(tumfc^aueni unb 
Ibnntej nrie ein gutet Stennbi neben etntm Sleittr auf feinent 
9to6 lieflaufen unb mit il)m wben, iwnn i^m ni(^ SUemunft 
unb Sptadfie cetfagt miten. 

3n 2(ien lebt eine Utt Don .^d)en, Stpetg^itfi^etn genanntf 


202 jt, 9- ^Atl. [SOein unb (Sxci- 

btan Si3f Idn finb flngnSIansr unb fo i&m, wte txr SticI tinn 
ttlnifi^ Xabaitepfetfe. iDdC GpiQmiuelein, cbenfalU in Xfitn/ 
roitff tin tjal^^ CUiinllnni unb ift bad fteinfle untei; alien bf 
(annten Z^vtn, bie uuf oiec SBeinen ge^cn unb i^n Sunken 
ffiugm. £ki: @ltpl)ant aba ifi itn6[f btS cicrjc^n guf ^i 
fun^^n bt£ fiebsebn gufi longi nnegt feine 7000 ^funbj unb 
(in fleipigre ©c^iittc foil mit auSrtinen: IGSie oiel ®pi6miufc 
Inn m^t man i)aben, bie iufommtn fo \6/iMt |inbr aU (in (in= 
ji^ @le|3^ant ? 

JiaS tleinfte ai)ierl(in auf bet Srbe ^at uud) mit bem 
ftirtflen SGetgtiSnninaiglaS looftl noc^ bin 9JIenfd) gefe^n, 
Xber bat grtfte ift btr aBaUftfi^i bei biS ju (inet fiingc eon 
(inf)unb(rt unb inanjig gu^n macfifen fanni unb frine taufntb 
Gentntr unb batrubei: mtff. 

3n ben fabel^n^en Stiten ^at man geglaubt/ baf et tine 
ganje Station con Sltenfc^n gebei bie com Sobtn iveg nur )n>ri 
guB ^d^ ftien. ©er efigenptop^tt SBabomel abev be^aupttte 
tinmali a ^U ben Stjengel @abdel eefeiteni unb e£ ftt Don 
feinem led^ten ^tugt flbti btn SlafenioinfeC biS jum (infen tin 
3n)ifd)enraum con 70iOOO X^igeTeifen. 

Unglucf bei ®tabt Setben. 
^itfe 0tabt f)eift f^n feit unbtnfttdjen Seiten ^ben unb 
^t nod) nie gettm^tf nutumf biS am 12. Sanuat 1807. @ie 
[ttgt am Sfjein in btm JCJnigreid) ^otlanb, unb ^atte not biefem 
Sofle tilftauftnb ^iuTet/ mtUfi son oicrsifltaufenb aSenfc^n bt= 
ttw^nt nuteni unb mar nad) ]fm|iecbam wotil bit ffcH^t SStobt 
im ganjen £6niaidd). lOtan ^nb an biefem ^orgen no*!^ ouf, 
nit dUe SEage : bee Sine betete ftin : »£a£ nutte ®etti" bet 


Vn0i bn @tatit eritwn.] ^thtX. 203 

Unbttt l!e$ t% feiiif unb Qltemanb baiftt boram nric eg am 
TOtTtb auefc^tn wikbei obgldi^ tin ®d)iff mit fubenjig Sifkm 
?iutoar in Uc Stobt war. IKan ai ju SSittag unb lief fid)'* 
fdnncttttir tt>ie aKe Sagtr obgttid) bai SdrifF nod) immti; ba 
mat. Mbtr at* SHod^ittogfl ber ddgei; auf bem gwgm S^nnn 
auf ^alb fiiirf flunb — ftriPige feute fafen ba^rim unb artds 
teKnr fti>mme ^RCttto; ntitgtcn i^re Aldnenj £aufl<ute gicngen 
i^xen @rrit)&flen nacf)( Jtinbrc macm bttfatnmm in bn; Xbenbc 
fi^ul(> miiEiiae Ceute gotten lange SBntt unb fafien tm 3Birlt)a= 
J)axtS beim Aarttnfpiel unb Sieinftugf tin St^mmerler forgte 
flh; btn anbem ^Biox^n, nat n ^tn, mat tt ttinttnt nwmit a 
fi(fe fleibtn werbf, unb rin JMtb flectte DieUrictit gevabe rintn 
folfi^ @d]lfin'el in tint frembt S^&cci — unb pUglid) ^(^^ 
(in JtnalL £»* @i^iff mit ftinen fiebenjig gifern ^uImc be: 
torn goier/ fprang in bit tuft unb in rinm Kugenbliifc/ (i^ 
{bnnt'* nid)t fo geft^^nnnb Itfeni at* ti gefdn^) in eincm Sus 
genblut mann ganje lange Stamen cdQ .^Sufern mit Mtnif 
loaE borin n»^nt( unb Itbtt/ jo:fd)mrttett unb in einen ®t(in= 
t)aufcn iufammeng(|hkjl obn cntfegCid) btfd)&bigt. SSicle f)un: 
beet 9Kenfd)en murben bbenbig unb tobt unta biefen Sttemem 
begrabni ober fd)n)er omounbtt :Srd Sdfiuifiiufn; giengen mit 
aU«i Sinbmif bie barin maxini ju ©cunbe; 9H(n(d)en unb 
Shield nKldie in bn 9ti^ bt« Unslddi auf bee Stta^e niacenf 
wueben son b<i @ett)alt be* ^ulsn* in bie Suft gefd)IeubeTt unb 
famen in einem 'El&glid)en Suftanb mieber auf bie Srbe. Sum 
Unglfut bead) aut^ nod) (ine Seueirekunft auit bie balb an 
aUen Crten xott^Ui unb faft nimmer geI6fd)l meiben tonntCf 
iMtl uiele aJoiTat|)Bt)&ufeT WU Oel unb Z^xan mit ergrtifen 
muTben. ll^t^unbett bet fd)Anflen ^u^k ft^ten ein obec 


204 ^ibtX. [Utiatfltt ber ©tabt «dNn. 

muften niebergcciflin ronbtn. iDa fa^i man ai«I)/ mU rt ara 
mtxtib fdifl anbm vxcitn (aniir aU rt am ^^cn SOtDrgcn 
»or ) ni(l)t nur mtt einfrn f(f)iija(^n sOtaiJi^ni fbnbern aud) mit 
einn: ^cof en nnb i»l(rtid)en ®tabt IDet Je&nig uon -^Ilanb 
fe^te foQieid) ein namtiaftte @tfd)ent auf iebtn ^Senfifien, bn 
noil Cebtnbig gnettct iiKiben fonnte. Ttaij Ut Z.oiUni bit a\ii 
b«n ®[>)utt ^ecDCrtgegraben nnntienr nutbm auf ba« SRattiliaud 
8ebrod)t, bamit jie »on ben S^en ju rinem etiriidien SSegtSbi 
ni^ lonnttn abgct;Dlt tcerben. iCiele .fiilfe ivuirbc sddflct. 
Dbglfi^ Jldeg in>iFd)a) (Snglanb unb .^>oI[anb mat, fo (omen 
bod) pon eonboji gang; @d)iffi! doH ^fSmittel unb grofic Htclbs 
fummen file bie UngEucHic^ unb baS ifl fdjln — bmn b«t 
SatQ foQ nie in bat ^Ki bn: ^(nfi^n tommen. Si ift 
fdilimm genuQi menn er ou^eti wt aStn Z^txen unb nor oUen 
®«^ifen bonnert. 

®ute ©ebult. 

QI^ SranjoS ntt drtti ZaQtt auf cine Scflde jUf bie ub<r 
rin aSalfn giengf unb tie fafl f<l)mal roati alfo bag f"!) i^'c' 
Sdtenbe laam bamuf auewKidjen lonnten. Sin ©nglinber, 
Don bti anbem @tit( ^tt, dtt au^ auf bie Sthdt }u, unb aU 
fie auf bei 9))ttCe berfelben jufammen lamtni moIUe feinei: bem 
anbecn ^laj madyn. ,.®tn Snglinbei: gtfet ietnem granjofcn 
aaS bem 9Seg(," fagte ber Gnglinber. »Par Dicu," efc 
nnberCe ber granjoSi Hmein ^ferb ift auc^ ein Snglfinbet, Sa 
ift ftftabe, bag id) ^ier (eine (Setegen^eit I)abe/ (6 umjufefjwn/ 
unb eud) feinen Stumpffdjwcif ju jeigcn. Klfo Ia|if bod) 
uenigftene euem Snglinbrrf auf bem i^i; reiteb meinem <Sn^ 
I&nberi wo id) baiauf reiter auj bem flStqt ge^en. Sum: 


@utt ©ebuUi.] gfalU. 205 

fi^jnt o^nt^in txr jfingae }u fein; tndnet I)at nixl) untcr 
tuimng bera ajitrjeljnten gebient, in b« QiflaAfi bei Slfwolf* 
JCmio 1702." 

JtMa btx enelSnbcc mad)t( fu^ wenig out titron Stti^UL 
fonbcin tagte: jrSc^ lann warttni ii^ ImEx jeCt bie fc^tn^ 
@ltleaent)ritf tie ^iitigt 3ettung ju Icfenr &ii cd cud) gef&Ut 
^laS gu tnai^n." Klfo jog tc toUbl^gf loic bw Snglinbn 
linbr lint S^ilung aai bn SCaf<^r nndeltc fie aaieiaaxtiiri nrit 
nne <{)antinKE)lt( unb laS borin eine ®tunbe lanor auf bcm 
91a|Te unb auf bee Sificttf unb bit Sonne Tof) nt^ auSf aU 
tiMnn (te ben Sl^cen noc^ binge )ufti)tn nollter fonbern neigte 
|id) ftocf gegm bit aStige. SKoil^ tintc Stunbe aber* aH ci 
ferCfg mat unb bie Stitung nritbtt iuTamnitn Itgtn nwUttr fal; 
n ben ^anjoftn ant unb fagtt: /(Eh biea!" ICbtt ber 
gtanjoe Ijatte ben Jtopf au* niiiW vakm\, fonbem enoibertt : 
>,@nglinber, feib fo gub unb gcbt mir itfit cure ^eitung and) 
ein mtnigf bafi id) tbtnfalU borin Itfen lanti, Ut ti tuij gtf&Utr 
auljuipeid)en. " HU aber btt SngUinba bit ©tbulb feinei 
OegnevS fa&, fagte er : „m$t ^/t mS, JronjoS ? Scmmt, v^ 
toil! eu(6 ¥Ia$ mad)en." Xlfb maii)te bar ISngldnber bent 
granjofen ^laft. 

^ofiann <!Saulienf dFteifitn; bon Salis 

Wia torn the 26th of December, 1762, at Seewis, 
in Switzerland. He served in the Swiss Guard at 
VeraaiLes, until the heginniog of the French re- 
volution. Subsequent to the year 1798, he was 
inapector-general of the "ii|iin'j^ in Switzerland. He 


206 »itii. [StUi^ : 

died at Malan, in Qmabnndtea, on the 29th of 
January, 1834. 

S&UB is a bTonrite poet in Germany, of the suae 
cast with Matthissor. His language ia dignified 
and generally correct. Occasionally, a few Hel- 
vetian idioms remind ns that he is a natiTe of a 
country where the classical high German diidect is 
forced to submit to changes which the CkiEiHES 
uid ScHiLLEBS, who hare done so much towards 
puri^ring its fountain, cannot consider otherwise 
than barbarous. Salib is most successful in his 
lyric poeina. 

It is remiffkable that in almost every poem, how- 
ever slight, we can discover whom he has chosen for 
his model. Matthibson, his intimate friend and 
the editor of his works, manifestly surpasses him in 
originality, and in the variety and richness of poetic 
colouring ; but does not equal hini in depth and de- 
licacy of feeling, particularly in the elegy. The 
fourth and improved edition of Salis' poems ap- 
peared at Zurich in 1803. 

2)a§ ®tab. 

j3ag ®rab Ifl ti(f unb ftiHe, 
Unb fdKtubeT^Qp fein Stanb i 
SS be<tt mtt f^nwin: ^iOt 
gin unbrtannte* 8anb. 

JSoi Cicb itt 9tad)ti3alkn 
«E5nt nid)t in frinnn ®<^af j 


"»o8 ®ra6."] ^aia. 207 

Kuc auf bcl Jg&^U SERooi. 

I^eitafne Srdutt ringm 
Um^fl bit -^ntx tDunb ; 
iCet SBaiff Jtlagtn bringnt 
9ti<i)t in bn Xitfc @ninb. 

Bod) fonft an teinun Qitc 
Xio^nt bit trfe^nte dCit^ : 
9tui buid) bU bunttt ^vU 
®t^ man bo: .&eunat ju. 

Soi mrmt .^(rir I)itnitb(n 
SScin mand)em @tunn itmQtt 
Srlangt ben ttu^ccn ^eben 
9tur xoa tS nit^t mc^r ft^I&gL 

S^ann txrXbcnb fid) f<n&, flic^ i(^ bte toutt SStabt 
ttnb buEi^tDanbne |hunm foiil^e ®tfilb' tun^i 

SoU bit @(elt von @t^nfu<I)tr 

Unb vcS f£l^ erinnfiun^. 
dofi^anfarbiger Sc^in tdnbct ben ■^cnjont 
Unb burd)a(£it]l bai @ebu[d)f nelc^S ben <gflgel tihniU 

9So bie flS^nenbe aBinbmi^I' 

31)i:e langfamen glfigel wilit 
9n bie @d)Uufcn gelei)ntj fc^u in ben ISkibrnerunbi 
gritd) wn petKnben S^au* unb nne bet buftenben 

fflipi gelbbldtKnbt Sttbn: 

910(f) (in r&tt)enbei: iltad)fcf)ein ficbt 
Win; te emmerline tirpt oben tm ®rlenjlrau4 
SStilU naUtt \m\}tt, auf bcm umbliri^n Syotf, 


!08 AaUtf. [^IilinsCliet). 

Unb aufiDoUenlKr dlauc^ vnr&t^ 
J^fc^ bCinftet bn: S^u) tiefcie Simmening 
@pannt ben tnit^ntitn %lac iibtt bit Stmung f)in. 

ItBo bit gormen wrnad)ten/ 

aSeilt ^inflatienb bee tange ISUcL 
ItSnber bc^nen m bort liintet ber gli(f« Slanb i 
Ktwv trtnnenbc Sta^t fSlttt ben oeiten Slaum 

■^tn ju me^nen ®ilitbUjit — 

Unb bie St)r&ne ba Sc^nfudit cinnt 

C^nfi^ aSiefen gcQnni vMvct 
Slutnen buften iiittaUi 
grtljK* tSifn ginlfnlieber, 
3&rtlii% f<))Iigt bie maiflQaU. 
tnie SBiflifel bimmem gtflnet/ 
Ciebe girct unb loift bacin^ 
SebcT @c^dfet: niib nun tii^neTr 
©anftet jebe S5<^Sfran. 

JSli^Kn. bfe bie Jtnoip' entotttein, 
^Mt bei eei^ in jattce Saub ) 
S&rbt ben Stunmet bet Xuritelnr 
Hubert fw mit ©ilbnffaub. 
@tet) I ba£ t)o(be 9Kaicnteied^n 
£inngt aui breitem Stlatt ^ercoii 
£Seut fict) ;um btfi^tbntn ®ti:duSd)en 
an bet Unft^ fflufenflot. 

9uf ben iocten @tengeln nonten 
ZxUfttthlii^, nif^ unb gelbf 


XiiA iiVxaida."] CUIrse. 209 

Unb ba« SkUblott fli^t one aianlen 

tubatbcn tin eaubgwitt. 

XOe afti f&ufein laua 

3Ktt ber &u6t .^<^ ont ant 

gnif)Iiiigi(ufl unb aSaimefii^un 

Jfi^bt wa« no^ fii^len tonn. 

O^tifltoiii august Q^tit({^ 

(17M— 1841) 

Was bom at Gardelegen, near Magdeburg, Dec. 18, 
1754. After occupjing Beveral reepoasible poata, 
be died at SreBdeu, in the ^ear 1841. 

His veraea are elegant and highly poliahed j hia 
ideas, though often wanting in originality, are 
weighty, Mb language fluent and pleaaing. Tiedob'b 
" Urania,' ' a lyrical didactic poem, couBiBts of philo- 
aopbic and poetic contemplationa on the greatueBS 
of God and the immortality of the bouI. Hia 
"Slumen auf dag Grab ein«s KUides" "SohlaeAl 
hei KwnersAorff^' and "Her Abend" are pro- 
dnctionB worthy of their author, ae alao Ib Mb novel 
".^itmchen wnd Bobert." 


am » Crania." 
^ntjltlien, ®dn unb 2ob ! — SJeriiinanifiMlIe SBovtt , 
fS}x fcib bn Sn^ott iebee @Tb<ntrautne I 
iDrS ^ierti^n Zl^toni, fo tme brt ^{itttnirautnS I 
Xit Stb' ifl bai ®tT&ft bei engeiir grihien ^foite 
iDefi SdwttengansSf bnr fic^ ^tnab vxi ICutifcl jie^i 
9!Bct)in bet S^ot: miC Stau'n. mit Smft bn SSrife Itt^ 



210 CteVse. [XIX. 30^. 

iDcct itttert fditcei dn mfitet I9nfa ^Eminttt { 

Sin tri<!^ itiea glng in feimn Xagm untn } 

iDic iBcU ift nU^ mc^ |Hiii bie fiSdnt ging iui !Rii^ 

Sr wanft (^ dnfam no*. — nfBc^Vi SBo^ fcagR IDu? 

2M( eiunic nngt if)t ^iqit jut mfittnluEmi Stbe, 

eit ^Mflt ind)tr ob tin morgenrot^ 

3u frgcnb efnem £(n) fte nieber tscAn iwrbc 

iDtr 3»(nf^ nar fuljtrt frinen Sob } 

iDet aHenft^ nut ftagt: h9Bo^?« — 3ft bi(fe raifte gWfit 

9tU()t eini 9tad]t, in btr rt t'^K fn^n tagt ? 

etc rpi^ tfn Senfeitg aujf n)onia<fi |te bitjftiti ftagt 

So e«^ b« SUn^ij ju feinem Q^jftrtagtr 

Unb bur* ba« geff bra bunltin Cn>fetung 

iax Uui^Nn ffitr^mlic^una. 

asit ticfen fih^Oni {ft b?r SSri^oltor um^ongen t 

SDn ®&ttertag i|t no* nii^ aufQcgongen ; 

Sief tjintn bieftm Cpfre^ 

Xu bd(t)t cr an tub (&rt bie ^gen Stnnbenf 

IDle SubefipfiLnbet feinet ^bamOi cini 

SStjo^tt Me @d)nlb, bte 6Tb' iff abgefunbeni 

Unb nun bt^nnt ein neuefi ®ein. 

JB m Sefn j u m @ein ge^ allee Seben Qbcc j 

©eftaltnng td^ gur Umgeflaltune nur 

Unb bie SrfditinunQ fi^bt boritbcr. 

3um 8Hd)tfdn ift Itin ©diritt in bet SaWt. 

Qi mag i^ g^nKx^li^ ^n Sicf)nulb nitbe^muwv 

Unb aurgelif't iff tint Sorm bei SttnB. 

Rut mat fit f^gtci mag ^e titmitn j 

©rt gSenfdjtn Oeifl ift innig (in*. 

Kwat i&Tf^tttt 91<id]t btn UcqueQ un|i«r Sage ) 
jEBit ttifim ni(^ mo^i ait niftn ni^tf voo^ixi 


Xtis ,/UcanIa.''] €it'ngt. 211 

txt grofe &tttm bit StCnt Stilt tcage i 

Co(^ mdn Sbifmnp^ i^ baf 14 Hn I 

BfrnHITm nul)tf wo^? brum mflfitni tDb wrfn^nilnbta? 

SBtt iviffen ni^uw^? unb bcd|f o^reunl) ofr finbl 

gortfteiben xevA, vai gti^ ^ 6(^iit; 

SSitfit Sebenr'fitilunbei^tunbSottti^uIb — boifinb 

iDie SeugtHf bte bat Qwlsc tKcUnben. 

Stoc^ tint Sflrgfil^aft tu(t lief En beS SKenfc^ Sni|I: 

SI ift bafi <{)riU9t, nai bie 9tatuc iri^ bnnctr 

3)01 innn SSniii bat unt b«t ®cift ber Xugntb tuntut 

iDitn^ fii^ ntn: ift bee SSmfi^ tic^ biefeS @<int bmnift j 

iDu Mft ni^tf »at XMi bie Stotttc gegeben ) 

Sic uutf ti Tkc aft eiiun Sk^ulbtntf gu ) 

jDeiiif {nnig jDcin ift miir baj S«(tnltb«ii 

iDteS eSMUnlebcn fi^ft H|{ 2)u. 

Wic @etr nnb Sticftt fivbi ntib wit |i(^ (SinI ^fito 
3n* Mnb'w tftf gu rinem ©dn vttfO^t, 
Surinemfolc^enCSein — btr SRtnTd) trforf^ rt ntd|t) 
(St ni^ @ott(S ^nb batAbtr. 
QrfoTfi^n nDir tt au(^ fpric^: SSaC gta&nnen wfr ? 
®ea)innEn icir an gjhitl) unb fcaft, uns QuftufdjiDingen? 
Unb unfren ■^mel f ( 1 6 H {liiniebfn ju rcringm ? — 
IScnng 1 bit Xugtnb btrat bafikr 
iDof Tt!d)t in bet ^atur ein Duell ceilfegen tcetbtr 
iDet jenfeit ber statin: entiann. 
Boi ivbifi^ i^ ge^id ber Ch^e; 
£a£ '^tilige ge^ bem ^immtl an. 
Gefnieetb' t^ tneilid) bfnl Xnutnp^efang erfc^alte I 
erfi^nt tief in bfe UnenbUi^ 1}fnein, 
2)afi out ber Sieft lant iSein 3ubcl nneber^aOt : 
SEriutnp^l id) bini unbbonun ivtrb' i(^ feint 


212 tunat. [xvin.— XIX. 30^ 

ffnftttblid](ttti ouf ^^n Btfyoingat 
Orpftect bet ®dff lOttn Ui^tenC Slrii^ I 
XSrit Winter f^nii uo bit @e|lalt(n rin^r 
lB«tauf(i)tt btr Sturm am b&nen ®tftriuc^ 

^^, DOm (Raturetftt i/ffOOtn, 
3f|E Sonnetir buri^a^'t ben tuHatn 9laiiin ; 
fOtctn ®elfl fliegt auf con ben 9latutgen>alten> 
Unb teu^tmbn ^otilt ftfn afmtnbec Siaum. 

tSt ift Don i^m IiinnKQgefmtttn 
ZW icbifctit iDtud ) bdi @frttli(^ nur. 
Sen (inbcn SStia^l/ bm winen Jbt^ctfunttn/ 
Qntoiidet tin @ctt bcm SMioof bcr 3talur l 

Of cotemporary poets we must not omit the 
foUowing :— BnEODE (175*— 1831), bom at Bres- 
lau, author of a volume of " QeutUehe Poetien," 
"A Narrative of a Tour through Stoite^land and 
Itahf," and aome miacellaneoufi poema of great 
merit. — Cosz (1762 — 1829), a vigorous but in- 
elegant poet, the beet examples of vhoee powers 
are the poems " Qetangea Macht " and "Abeiui- 
phmtasie." — C. G. A. Ebbbhakb (1769), a poet of 
fluent versification and great humour, which are 
discovered in all his poems. Besides his lyrical 
pieces, Ebebhabd composed a domestic pastoral 
after the style of Yoss' XuMe (" Hatmch^n und die 
KS<!hlem"),taii an idyllic poem, entitled "^erera^e 
Mensch und die Erde." — Kobbgabtbh (1758 — 
ISIS), a Protestant divine, and able descriptive 


VTmclidmif Blcttn.] Vj^Iantr. 213 

poet, whose poeme, though somewhat too nnpnmed, 
show great inTentiTe powers. The charming pae- 
toral " Jiufunde" ie one of the most felicitous. — 
Abohbishop Pybkxb (1772), author of the heroic . 
epie poem " EudoJpk von Bapgbwy." — WiLLAMOW 
(1736—1777), fable-writer.— GoOKiNGK (1748— 
1828), the Mend of Buboes. — Eabl MiioHiiXB 
(1763), a graceful poet and clever epigrammatiBt. — 
Mahluaitb (1771 — 1826), author of many beauti- 
ftd sacred Bonga '. — Mulugb deb Maxbb (1750 — 
1826), an idyllic and pastoral poet, fkithiiil to 
nature; and Wilhelm Mdlleb (1794 — 1828), 
marked by his " OedUshte" imd " QrieehmUeder" 
aa a man of extensive reading and talent. — 
ScHTTizE (1789 — 1829), a promising young author, 
early removed, whose principal pubhcationB were 
the romuitic epics " Cdeilia" and " Die beaauberte 
Bote." — Lastly, I'bieiibich Hoijieklif (1770 — 
1843), also a poet of promise, but early bereft of 
reason, author of the celebrated "Hyperion, or 
Sermit in Greece," in which work the enthusiaatic 
author exalts the manners, customs, literature, and 
even the religion of the ancient Greeks. 


Huttutg Slttanl), 

Teb most harmonious poet of this school, was bom 
26tb April, 1787, at Tubingen. He was for some 

I SeethtHjinn "r*r»raiimonreoU,"iMi(«Uiii.of "CLiiiiiicitiOB.'' 


214, VtbUvOt. [es^Ufi^ e^ide. 

time member of the Btate of Wortemberg, bnt le- 
eigned in 188S ; he now lives at Stuttgart, taid la at 
present the most popular of liTing lyric writers. 
His "Pomm" have reached an eleventh edition. 
Uhluo) most remarkably combines in these the 
noble enthusiasm of ancient days with the practical 
tendency of modem times ; they exhibit a simple 
natural style of writing, and are at the same time 
melodious and tiill of interest, Some of his prose 
writings deserve notice, and his tragedies, particu- 
larly "Emit, Herzog von Schwaben," which displays 
considerable poetical merit. 

©« ©dngerS glucl). 
Qpe ^onb in atttn 3(tten ein Setoff fo ^(k^ unb f)c<nv 
SBeit gt&njt' H iiba bit Banbt bil an bat blaut ^Xttt, 
anb rins« txm buff een (Slxtm dn blAt^timidiec Xionif 
Crtn fptangm fnf(^ Snmnen fan JRtgtnboenelanj. 

99ott faf ctn fto^ Jeinigj an Sanb unb Sicgtn iti(^ 
St fa^ auf fdnem X^mnie fo ftnftec unb fo bIH4 i 
j&cnn xoaS a finnti t^ ^ipaiitt, unb naS » bitctt, iff ilBat^ 
Unb naS er fpci^ ifl (Sd^t, unb idoS n fc^tdbtf ift Slut 

(£in|t jog nac^ bufeni Sc^ffe tin tbteC Singctpaatt 
Xm tttn' tn golbntn Socteni bti Ttnbct grau Mn .^or ) 
S)cr XItt mit bcr <&arftr bn faf auf f<^mncttin 9loff 
et fi|dtt t^ ^c^ jur esdtt bet bta^cnbc @tnof. 

SnXItef^od) jumSungtn: »nun ft! bttdti mein So^ I 
Cent' unfttr tifffttn fttebet, flunm' an b<n i»niten aCon» 
snfanm allt JCraft iufanmni> bit £ufl unb auc^ btn e^merj I 
Si gilt unl Ifmt'i )u ril^n bej Jebnigt ftfnetn .&cr|." 


„ iEM e&netct 8bi^»] vjbixnii. 216 

d<^n 1b^ bit btibcn S&nga im I)oI)tn ®&ul«ifaiil 
Dnb anf betn Sfusne fificn bet Jtfinia tinb ftin ©raio^I} 
!Da £Smer ^<^ac {w^Cig/ mt bCut'ger Stcrblic^itdtb 
ZXt £6inguv f&Ei unb tnilbfi aU bUctte JBoOmonb brefn. 

JBa fc^ ba ®reU Ue SSaiten, a fi^ fie icunberDollf 
iDaf tei^, intmti; rdd)n: bet JUang }Lun O^ fn^ll, 
XUnti fitmte ^mlifd) txllc bcl Storings etimnu VM/ 
Sti Slttn Sang bogmif^nt, oie bumpfec ®ri^(^. 

Ait fragen oen Sent unb £ieb«( tun fel'gti golbntr ^r 
Sen gi^ei^r SHJlnneniifirber uon Sou unb 4<>liSleit{ 
CSie fiiigni eon olUm &i^Tu toot 9Xfnfc^nbraft bnr^btf 
SSit fmscn wn aQem .^o^ nsU DRenfi^en^ n^t. 

Sit ^Sfitngeft:^ im A»ife Mtlonct icbtn Spott, 
iDe6 £&nlgS tiroCgc Jtritgtrr (it butgtn fi^ wt Soft 
Sit Jt^mginr }trfb)^eii in iStfimut^ unb in Z\x% 
9it lolrp btn @ingtm niebtr bit Sloft von (^ SmfL 

f r3^ ^bt mtin iSoII Krf%tt/ verloctt i^ nun mtin SBtib?" 
XKt JUni^ fdinit H niitljenbf er b<bt am ganitn Seibr [btingtf 
61; loirft (tin SS^avttt/ ba$ bCi|tnb bt$ 3^ineS!Snift butc^ 
iDiauSf (tott btt golbncn Eicbet, dn Slutfbafit ^(^auf Tpnngt 

IRnb n){( eom @tunn jtrfloben t|t aS. bci ^irer Si^warm, 
XKr Siingling ^t oertbi^tt in ftinei SReifbre "XxtOi 
Z>ei fd)Uigt um ilm ben 3KanteI unb fe^l i^n auf ba( 9lD$r 
Si binb't f^n aufnc^ felbf wri&ft mit Q)m b<i« @<^^ 

9o4 DOT bem I|ot)en 2^t, ba ^ btr Sfingeignidr 
2)0 faftt er ftint ^a^, |it oOti: '^orfen ^tiif 
Xn etnec SRormorfduIti ba ^ ei |le )trfd)tCIf( 
iDaim nifl eCf bafl tS f^ourig bui^ Sd^f unb @lrttn eeOt: 

»SSt^ (U(^ ifir Ibtjen ^a^n 1 nit tbne fOSer JUang 
XniKl) turt 9Uiume niiebtri nit Suite no^ (Stfansf 


216 vnuta. [e4n>6M|i^ e<sm- 

9bin 1 SSeu^ nut unb et&^nrar unb fd^eun: SKoMttfi^, 
Sis euc^ iu Sd)Utt unb Stobn bn 9Ia(i)esrifl jeitntt I 

VBeti ni<^> i^ buft'gtn ®iitni Im fwlben 9SaienIid)t I 
eud) grig' id) bteTtS SCobtni mtffeOhc Vngefu^i 
Daf i^ bnnib tttboaa, ba^ jcber CttteO txi^at, 
jDafi itrc in fAnft'gm Xagcn vetfkEntr Krtbtt litat 

OBt^ bit, iwnu^a: amtbetl bn jiflud) bc« e&nsnt^mB I 
Um^lt fei aa bdn aSngm m^ jEtAnjen blut'ent 91u^S, 
Srin 9tanM f« wx^tui in m'gt 9ta(^ grtauc^, 
estif ivte nn Ic&ttt 8Uc^ in teen euftiKt^ud)t1 

9er Kttt ^f I emifeni bet .^immel ^*t ge^ 
£{« Slauem licgm nicbeii bit -^oUfn ttnb jcrlUitf 
9toi^ eine Ik^ Sinlf feugt Don i>eif4u)nnbnei ^ai^t, 
Vm^ bicfcr fdfon gttopenr (ann (tfttitn &ba 9Uiit. 

?Snb ringe, ftatt bup'fler ®ixttn, tin 6be8 .Jwibelanb, 
£tin Soum netftieutt eSc^atteni Eein £luca butt^btingt ben 

iDci JUnigfi Stomal meCbet ttin Siebr (tin ^(benbu^ i 
JBtTfimbn unb tKtgefl'en 1 ba« i|t bci SS&ngeti gluc^ 

2)aS @tanbc!|)cn. 
i^^piat nxtCen out ban S^ummet mit^ 

so 9XutteT> ftef) I ten mag rt fan i 
3n fp&ttt Stunbe no^ ?" 

3(^ (bn nidfitj, i(I) fr^ ni^t, 
£ f(i)bpnin'tt fort fo (inb I 
3IIcm btingt bit fcine Stinb^ jc^ti 
S)u ormrti fconfes Ainb I — 


„1£t Vt nid)l Mrifd^ 3Kufit, 

9Ru% ntfcn Sngel intt ©(fang, 
O ffituttetf gulc 9ta4tl" 

gteie Jtunff. 
3n btm btutfi^ XHi^tertDoIt ! 

aBeim't nan aUtn Suxigtii r^aOL 

JfTti^ an nwnis flolic Stamm 
3fl bit SUbeitunfl g(&annt i 
Xudgeftmiet iff bre @am<n 
tUbec aae« beutfdx Sanb. 

Beinte tMOcn .&a:j»rt SEtitbcf 
fiSttb fit hd im Alangt frti I 
@Sitfc(iib monble btiiu Ste^r 
Comimib nnt btin Sent oorM ! 

Jpinsft bn nitl^ bein ganjee Sebeiif 
Sing' bo^ in btc Sugtnb iDranfl I 
9tiK im ffilfit^ennunb tr^n 
Stac^tigallen {t)ctn €Sang. 

Stann nian'6 nii^ in Sb^ binben> 
IQaS bit ®tunbni bit wrtd^'n i 
<Skb tin ffiegc)^ Slott btn Sinbnb 
SKunt'n Sugtnb H<^ <* <<■>■ 

^Hftxt nnfit/ gctKimt Atn^ni 
Sennet ^dtt vxii ra^t gtbunbeni 
Unfrt Jtunft ^rift ?iK|ie. 


)^dll0 o^tni iPtr bit (Sttftcr, 
Xbn tRamcn |tnb unC Sun^ ] 
fBfobia t^tn wir He gjtt<|lre( 
m« frd tp uni bit Sunft. 

3f i^ in talttn aSannotftt ii itiif 
9ti4t in Zttnptinf bnntfif nnb tabt : 
3n bm fa^^n Sicf)tn^intn 
JEbM tinb nnld^t bcr bcutft^ Soft. 

^ZlV^ann im U^xn Xbtnbflra^ 
Ooant IQoIItnberge ftdgtii 
Unb ivie XlfMn fii^ ttitietib 
%ta%' t(i) oft mit ^&ntn : 
Wtgt well jroifd^ itntn 
gitein nrft^nttc 9lutKttiaI? 

S)er gute Jtamerab. 

^d^ ^tt* rintn Katntrabeiv 
3inen txfftm ^befl bu nit 
iDie Scooimtl f^Iug iutn SHttitt* 
Si gins an nttinn: Stittr 
3n elrid^ S^titt unb Sritt 

Cfnt Xueel (ant gtfloacn/ 
Sitt'S mit obti aiu ed bit? 
Or litet mit arc btn Sfi^n^ 
VU tcit** rin &tM Don tnit. 

nSiU mir bit ^nb npi^ tti^ 
Straxil id) tbtn lab'. 


» 3U6et^ oon SaUo."'] ^dbtoafi. 210 

Aanit bit bic ■^nb ni(l)t etbnir 
SIn6 bu itn no'gtn £<(<»/ 
aStin autet Jtomnob I 

Qrustab Sditnab 

Was bom June 19, 1792, at Stuttgart. Ail«r 
studying theology at Tiibingen, be became, in 1S17, 
Professor of Ancient Literature in hie native place, 
wliere he baa bold for ten years tbe incumbency of 
St. Leonard's Church. 

Schwab still lives. In lyric poema and baUads 
he has obtaiaed equal renown with his &ieud 
Uhlasd, to whom be, of all other poeta, approaches 
the nearest. Hia compoeitiona are also conatantly 
marked by a tone of Christiaji piety. 

In hia poBition as editor of the " Muaenahnanach" 
and chief editor of tbe " Morgenhlatt" many are 
the younger sons of the Muae who have been in- 
debted to him for firat bringing their compositiona 
under tbe notice of the public. 

ff^u ^a|t sellebet mtinen Sxxijt, 
tnx ^|l eefrflinbrt mdn ®efd)l«l)t} 
JBcr^rimlic^ tft bfe titft SSunbe, 
@c fdiinaf^ in beiJCntnS ®itmbe1" 

So i|t fein Sinn bc4 t)o^ unb i^t 1 
SS fo^ feis Km in SUUnrfc^taii^en, 
D ajatn 1 lot t^n ni<:^ verfdmiai^tffl 1 

[.3,1. :i-,C(K>tjl>J 

««Br fifjlift mft batt btn tangtn edjlaf, 
Unb banim til' iij, fpri^t bcr Srafr 
2)id)f eti e8 nic^tar wirb ^fet obtn, 
it>«n eblen 9tai|bat ju Dciloben." 

nStn SiHiffti iu btm Jtttfnloil^r 
*Wmin fettfl ilin, iSKbet^, nimm t^n to*, 
3d) fann ttin Xnbtrn ni^t iMrtiaueni 
Vnf (tinel iDtntnt Smie baacn." 

»i9u aba fcfettiirft mtr, fi^niadje SBaib, 
2)u fdmiirll bei beiiwr ©ctigftit : 
9«^t fltnn' i^m 8t(l)t, nid^ gSnn' i^m Babe, 
»id)t $tiic^ ju mof, ni(^ SUu^ am ^IoIk." 

Sen &ijl&^tl faft bit Sunsfrau tlti*, 
XU fa$te fit ba« ^mmtlietil^ i 
Stit mi fd^ngt fid) jur Kerfttpfortt, 
6it fi^tct itn Saumcl aOt aSoite. 

Btr ®taf BEtrofl befWgt frin 3lof , 
®]>ttngt mit btm Anopptn aui btni Si^)lop, 
3m ©taub veruMUtn ifya Si^rittt, 
3m 2t)al ueT;)aatn i^t Zxittt. 

Sa flanb bit Sung^ou gan{ aUcin 
3m lidjttn. aolbritn ©onntnfi^riii. 
Tux ^immtl bffiitt fdnt aSlSm, 
KBKbt (tintn Mnn fflt eitbtitteut. 

^auf ]um t)o^ii S^urm geft^nb t 
e< fa^ i^ Attib dn fnfdier aSinb, 
Cr foufl aU mollt' tr fliifltatb frogoi: 
ffiomi botf ii^ tutft oon {)inntn ttagm ? 

Vnb mc btr X^ite auf JBttg unb S^ial« 
Xur tint aStlt DoQ Sonntnftea^I, 


H SUtKt^ »on Qalnt."] Ktrmtr. 

S&Mt fie ^b mit .^fTnunggfi^uaa 

Bit Ztmt fbedt fu fe^lu^ onS/ 
iDic Untu ftntet {& nrit ®iaut { 
@D jb^t fie cor b«« JUttnt 21)01% 
llnb nftbet fulR'a ju tcanlein dlftt : 

»<@ ®ott^b( t)ti^getic&tn; tOlanii, 
3u bit ^nabr ^ab ii% tann i 
Z>en Sdilfiffel fjab' idif fteigt nuberf 
XW^ nii^ Dtit bir jU (ommen loltbcr;" — 

ul^afl bu ben ®^li^tli lonun ^obf ' 
Sring' ei<l)t unb Gtbtn mn: in'l &cab, 
Skr hunger wo^int in meimm €S<i|binb(> 
Srfna' Spcif unb Ztaxtf bem btoren SUtunbc I" 

(,Jc^ barf ni(f)t, mir urbeut'e bet QOi, 
txx @it> bri meinei Stiigteitj 
Xtocf bi(^ nii^t fpetfenr bid) nic^ txSnCenr 
2)ai:fbiir ni^Sii^, irti^greiWtft^nfcn-" 

tSnb ntiebct fcu^t ein flt^nb SBort: 
ji@o ^utt)( Seltcbtci biefenOrt: 
Umfonft nicl)t follfl bu foldjeS ©munir 
eoUft nic^f mnn fktbenb Hntli^ f^enl" 

Qnb niebec fie mit 3oud^ fptit^: 
irUmfcmft ^ai' ict) ben Sc^el nii^t/ 
iDein Ceben tann ii^ ni<l^ aaxtbtn, 
So^fannid) beibiiif tnit Mr fteibent" 

Bn SS^ffet (lirrtf bie ^forte fpringtr 
Unb 2aa«tic^ in bie Sirft btingti 
(Ss f&nt oof letd)(nbte{i!^ SSan^tni 
Uia f(^n ^ i^ bie SKoib umfongen. 


222 SSnmtr. [et^dbtf^c Sdfjule. 

J'tft am ita toMIalten eeib 
6d)l{ngt fi^ bae glii^nbmarmt iBtib, 
6ie fprifet i!)n mtt fifbenStfiiyenr 
6i( trinht i^n mit S^lnenffflffen. 

^nb mUb erquicttf entfSt^t fefn ®dflf 
nnb itiree feibel Sfinb itnti^ 
3^ ^ttt befKit mU ailbem Sdrtage 
JCn fnnn: anijl p^ win l« ^logt. — 

Snb @taab v^ auf bn Stiofe aaOX, 
Stftt SRoffeStritt wm SBtge liaOt ) 
IDet @traf tft ba mit feinen JCne^teiif 
CSc^singt ^eif ben iBiautcing in bn ERti^ten. 

Justinus fKecnet 

Wm bom at LudwigBburg, oa the 18th of Sep- 
tember, 1786. Educated at the IXniveniity of 
Tubingen, he has practieed as a phyaiciiiii since 
1829, at Weinsbeig. His open-handed hospitality 
is known through all Gormany. His ballade t«em 
with poetry and romance ; they are short, but fiill 
of fioul, and often very touching. 

©title X^rjnen. 
Su Mf) bom @<filaf reftonbtn 
Unb wanbelft burd^ bie XUf 
iDa licflt ob aJbn eanbra 
SDn ^immel nmnberbtaa 

do long bu tifyn @Kgm 
Skfd^ummtrt ft^njtnlob 


„vmt 34iSnn>."] Itmitr. 223 

Xn IHIhn <Rjl(^n uxiiid 

Oft mani^ atK btn S^mn^ 
Unb SRorgene bann tin: mdnttf 
etrtS ftlljlid) rri fein ^n%. 

^tbnxba tr&gt in ^c^ btn SEob, 
3ft anPra nod) fg luffgtt S!^ j 
^ut minbclfl bu in SSotgtnrott 
Unb nutgtn (n tet Sk^tten ^Mn. 

SHoe KammcTlt bu bic^ alfo fe^ 
O 9)l«if4 ! on bieft 9BeU, btn Sranm ? 
Eaf abl (af abl tt)' fit bi(^ Uf t i 
Dp flKt bit SJnid)t untrif oora IBaam. 

)3uf auf/ nif auf btn 9A% bti tltff 
mi »it in rinti JtarttiS 9tail)t, 
eh^ l&ng^ in btintm 3nntm ft^Ittff 
Vuf ba| tr bit jum ^ taetOfi 1 

9ui ^octem JHtfelfMnt ift 
■tu (oAn irb'fi^n gtncrl (Slut( i 
D aXtnfi^l njtnn no^ fo fjort bu Wft. 
3n bir tin guntt @ottt< tu^ 

B«4 wit ouS tnrteni Sttint nnc 
!Duc(4 ^rten €5<I)Iag btr %atitit MAfi, 
Crforbttt'S ftantpf mit btt Stotnr/ 
Sid aug i^ bTid)t txiC @ottt j(id)t. 

jb(^g' an! f(I)Iag' an! uxnn'C nx^ au^ t^ 
Ctm gWf^t, btin bet gunit iftj 


iERtnfc^ 1 nxiin bu nic^ ju roetfen U% 

»te eaute. 

^£rft bu ben Soget fmgen? 
®itf)|t ba btn SBUitenbaum? 
<^et;, (ann bidi bat nid)t bringcn 
XuB beuicm bangen JSraum ? 

Mal^k'ii^? We eaute 
SB(^miitt)ger 3i^9ltns^btu^ 
StT ^, ali iitj ViOtaatt 
jDer SStlt unb i^ £ufl. 

JSie EEadc itnb naian^m, 
aSi* ^itt fein Jtraut bet JUitj 
U>^ aue Nm Scaunir bem bongtiif 
SScctt mic^ rin Sngel nitr. 

Of the "Suabian School," others who have dis- 
tinguished themselTBs in modem lyric poetry are : 
Maibb (1786) ; PnzEB (1807), a kindred spirit 
with Ejibheb ; Eduakd Mobiee (1804), poet and 
novelist ; Gbunbibbn (1802) ; AxB£bt Ksapp 
(1796), chiefly known by his " Christliehe Oe- 
dichte;" Wilhbim Ha-tttf (1802), the popiQar 
tale writer; JcLina Ebais; Wilhelm Ziuusb- 
iujss (1807), famone for his pathethic song on the 
^viaion of Poland ; and NiCLAS Mijllbb (1809). 

We subjoin a few of their smaller pieces : — 


l}n dt{itDsibrb«n drjbiilt. 225 

SS^enn rint* SBonteert » ®iittit aJtotgen I " 
fflotiibergelinb min ^oi tjfwnt/ 
mt mm id) urn ben Stamen forgen 
HM SRanneif bee ben (Bcuf nrit beut 
^elimt mefiu eiebet: fo oU 9tAft 
Kuf unfrer eebenBioonbning ^fa* 
aBo^Oenb ! aSer lie beut, bai raaffe 
<3uif) nicl)t bet&flieen ben Sinn 1 

3n bet grfilje. 

Bltefn eW n«^ tCii)It ba« XuQe mil, 
Dott ge^ fiiion ber Sag feetffir 
an metnem aammetfenfter. 

dEfi »af)let mem Krftkter ©inn 
fto* jmifc^n 3»elfeln ^er unb ^ 
Unb fdwffet 9Iad)t9efpenflra. 

flen#, quSle 
Bii% nl*t linfler, meine ©eele I 
gtm bid] I r*i>n finb bo unb borten 
SRotQengtoden nui^ genioiten. 

eamOl jBorfiir. 

;^flb Don bei aagei @(fd)id)im 
Unb oon betr Sonne ©lut, 
Bm 58et9fleijl untei ben gic^ten 
3m abenbfdjeine tu^t. 
vol. n. <* 


iWuKer. [3n to gont. 

%a frincn gfiSm brefttt 
!Qn: Xobtcnadcr fi4 ouflf 
Set ZobtmBEUa: ttreitet 
Sunn «n lefM '^ouB. 

JStc (Sloden ImOen fo fc^ourf^ 
Sent na^t btr £ei^^ci 
Unb bem SStrggetll ttifrb eS {o traurigr 
Bttfiiira fW) in biifltm glor. 

II jTallt tcotilr bu aXenft^blume 
X)u fc^ gtbiwi^e ^ai^> 
iDfafi fatbttt jum @igent^inne 
iDte lattgCf e»i^ Stai^t" 

Sa gntffi^ ben Scroen b^ 
S)ie €!onne nod) nnmat juiildf 
Unb mit kuc^nbec SUttie verlUnt 
2>ae @iMb t^c b«ter Slid. 

eiaCSitlm SStminermBtnt. 

3n ber geme. 

||^eut 9Ui!^ tm listen Zxaam, 
Z)a blictt i(ft witbo; I)in 
9tacf) bem getitblen Slaiuncr 
aSo idf) etbDien bin. 

9nb> adv fo ^ntnbli^ tc^ 
Wx )U mein .giciniatlanbr 
2)0^ ic^ oU ii4 ermaditt/ 
3Xtin Vug' in Sfre&ntn fanb. 

fiUXa* ffittlUv. 


XIX. Sa^^unbnt.] »u(itrt. 227 

jFtirttitS Kwtftrrt 

"Waa bom on the 16th May, 1789, at Schweinfiirt. 
He Btudiedat Jena, and, iiil840, he became Frofesflor 
of Oriental Literature at the Berlin UniyerBity. 

Bii'oKEST Ib undeniably the most original and 
powerfiJ. of the liring poets of Germany. Neither 
Germany nor any other country can boaet of a poet 
whose powers of description and imagination can 
more readily invest with poetic gwrb life, nature, 
nationality, history, science, and religion. 

With his flowing and melodious verse he would 
aim to unite the whole world in one common band 
of friendship : 

If Sautt mvc ben WtUpaia^ mtt oubn Stmmtnif 
Sto Dereint tie <^tii^!«t ber ^BOt foil f([)unm«m." 

He haa been very successful in didactic verae, in 
" IHe Weisheii det Brahmanen," an interesting 
collection of the maxims and precepts of the ancient 

fiiiOKXBT also wrote acomedy, called "Ifa^Uon;" 
"2fal and Dam^anti," an TnrlJHTi story; "Sottem 
tmd Suhrab;" and some Eastern tales, entitled 
" Sieben Swsher morgenlandUclwr Sagen imd Qe- 
aekichten," which are highly amusing. His "Volht- 
»agen" and " Jugendlieier" too, we would strongly 
recommend to our readers. Amongst the most 
charming of his poems may be named — " I>ie iter- 
hende Bhime," "Dag IParadiet," " lAiflehhen" 
" Fruhlingt Lieheter ;" the first of which follows. 

r:„i- :i-,G00tjl>J 


2Jic fterbnibe ffllume. 

^^offe I bu ntebft et nodv 
^afi Ut %tii^lva% nrieberft^ct 

iDie be6 .^rebflee SJinb uer^wrt, 
.^ol^n mtt btr ftUItn JEiaft 
3^ finof^n iDintertangi 
au fi(^ viebei cegt bei ®aft/ 
Unb ein mue* ISirib tntfptana. — 

H 9(^1 id| bin fein ftorfa; SBaunii 
Sht tin SSommotaufcnb kbb 
Stot^ witrSumlem ifflinteitvauin 
9t(ue SmjQtbii^te mtbL 
K^i id) bin bie Wamt mit, 
tit btS SCRaitC JCuf gmxttt/ 
Unb oon Nr ntd)t bleibt bic Spuvi 
ffite tot lori^ ®tab fit btdt." — 

SHtnn bu btnn bie Slume U^ 
O btfd)eibeneB @cmfit&/ 
XififU bi^ befdiitbm i|i 
Saamtn 'XOaiii toal ba tiS^ 
iaf ba Sturm be§ ZtSxi bo4 
iDeiiun etbeng|hul) Kt|hreu'nr 
Xue ban @taube nicfl bu nod) 
{ntnbciUnal bl<^ ^tlbft mieu'n. — 

H S^ai es weiben nac^ mk Mfin 
Vnbrtr bic mir iU)nIid) finb i 
fitoig fft bai ganje @dkr 
fRur bad Sinjlt OKltt gefdjuinb. 


.,iDi( perbtnbcSlumt."] SttutSert. 
TUbai finb fEd nai it^ »aci 

3t$t nur bin i(% acm; nnb saiv 
SHu^ jimoc unb nut)t no^ec 

Oaenn dnH fit bcc ®oniu Slid 
{B&RRtr b<r jttt no^ mit^ bimlipatnmti 
KnbCTt bafl nittit mdn ©efdjid!, 
ii)at mill) nun jui; 9tai^ MTbamint 
Sonntr ia bu iugtt^ fd)on 
S^nen in bit genwn ju i 
SSoTutn nod) mit froft'gtni {lo^n 
<Dtii: aug ^Ittn fiSjelf bu ? 

fftBtV "1"=' '■of M) bit i>ntraiit( 
XU nrii^ xoaii gtUft btin SStra^I ) 
Xki^ in'B Ifug' id) Mr gefi^ut, 
iBia es mic baS feben Mil 
©ieft« «(b«i! arnien 8teft 
^nem 3SitIeib )u tntjic^nr 
ed)l{tftn niU id) {canff)afC ftft 
3»id) in mic^ unb bir tntfliiljn. 

»|Bo(^ bu fCEinie^cIt meinte @cinunt 
@tantt @iB in St)r&nen auf ) 
9timm Ruin flit^enb Stbcnr ntmm'jf 
2a, bu fonrnftnod) ben ®ram 
XuS btr €eelt mir ;ule|t) 
^tOe^r toai von Ui mil lamr 
Sterbenb banC id| bii t« jtftt : 

n^Oet eiifte SSwatniug, 
T>tm id; fommerlane gebtbt j 


»ortrrt. [Oebidjtt; 

Jttfct ©c^rttetlinge glufl, 
Iiie um mid) im Son} gefdwwbti 
augen, bit iMtn (Stani erftifdjt, 
■fttjen, bit mein Duft Kfctut s 
SBie aul »uft unb ©lanj gnnil'd)t 
iDn mi* f<^f(l< Mr bant' id)'i ^nit 

(/ tfine 3inbe bdnet XSeUr 
jBenn aui^ tine !ldnt tiurj 
8i(Se(i bu mid) bli^n im gttt, 
asit bie Stern' auf IjSlj'ter glur. 
eimn Cbem ^oud)' id) nod)/ 
Unb er foQ taxi Qta^n fcin) 
Sinen !BIi(t sum .^mel ^«^ 
Unb )ui f<^nen 3BeU ^inrin. 

„ <ffi»'flrt glammen^ bre aSett, 
Sag Dnglinuntn mid) an bic: 
4»immtl/ fpann btin blaneS 3elt, 
tReiti wrgtiktce fmUt ^in. 
.^nl. gelling, bein«n €5d)ein 1 
ffiotflenluftf *eil Mxim SJe^'n ! 
O^ne Summer fdjlaf* it^ ani 
Gljttt ■^ofliiung auftu|bl)'n." 

©alomon unb bet ©imann. 

;m gclb ber JCinig ®aIi>mon 
®^St unterm .^immel auf ben Z^fton i 
iCa ftelgt er einen ®&mami fd]reiteni 
X)er earner unrft nai) oKen ®citea 

aSa« ma# bu ba? ber £Snie fpri^ 
©er SBoben ^ trigt ffrate nid)t. 



ffSSalomon a Uc S&niann.''] itlndUtt. 

Bof ati com Siiric^ Scgimunf 
iDu wkfl bit Kuefaat ntd)t gmEimen. 

9tc ®&mannf ftintn ICcm gefenttf 
Unf^Oiirtfl Ife^f « ftOt unb benft i 
Zunn f&tKt a fotti i^n r{i|Ug ^6«ibi 
SXm iwifen Xfinig Xntttwit gtbtnb : 

ic^ ^6e nt(i)tt aU blefet S«II>( 
@tadn:t ^ab' id)'S unb befkllt 
SEoa foO id) wtita WeclHiung pfltfitn ! 
£a6 itom Don mtri oon ®«tt ber Stgtn. 

XllgemeineS ©tablieb. 
^^aati Dcn @ott gefSti ju reffni 
Kuf bee ®ai:t>en groftn Sag I 
ffiit Di<( @{i^ln (inb ju \ii^n 
S&; ^ Ri^m (Smtttttaii 
XU in all<n beutfd^en @auen 
^ bee SEob gefit mtt ©tauen ! 

^aat ite aW, unb alte @ai:b«n 
ItSerben fte bereinfhnal fefn. 
TCUt, bte tm JCoin^ llatbeni — 
SBn^' in gtieben ilir Sebetn', — 
tX" bie grofe Sotbgemeinbtj 
Unb mit grfunben fetbfl bie grfnbe. 

VBenn beS Stbeng Stdnne brauftn> 
geinben (id) bie SRenfil^ an, 
X5nnen nHjt juTamnten ^ufen, 
gtidili(^ ge^n auf einet SBo^j 
Wtm bee CbemS ^aa^ entnn^ni' 
3^ ber <^bei: ouige^it^ 


282 jKtidtrrt. [mi6^: 

9u rinmdcT mnttni nuitbnir 
Son tef Cf WI10 iDrmiQ wituUitr 
Sb^n in ftilbr eintro^t Ocbtn 
3n btn StUtta ungrirct } 
einft vol <9otU< Eflt(titaf<i|r<mltn 
ffidbtn fit fi4 ou*^ nii^ tonttn. 

JBlinntiif nii^ bi< btutfscot^tti 
SQabtn nur tm ®nift ratblAlinr 
SSonbmi Utie luib Si^itbtnttottitr 
Sri£ nnti blaa nnb pUM ®r&i i 
S(im bojimfrfini Efifte ftSIiiKiif 
ffitib'S nidjt iDit rin JCntsSttcb tiatB. 

Urftjning ber Sofe. 
5@en 91aft)^n)da bttiagt ein e&mmditn auf btt jBeibc, 
€£ tt)uts nuc |1d) jut eu|b tS t^uH nul)t t^ ju foibe. 

iDaf^ l)at Stoftnbom btm 8&nim(f)(n atigcimactt 
Sin glidifien aSolb mu; ej aaib boMn ntd)t no A. 

J)aa glMd^n ^tt b« ©ocn in fc^orfen ginBon feffi 
Xio tom tie 9Iai^tigal[ unb niolltt baun ifii: StejL 

€$ie fproi^ : SEt)u' auf bit ^^b unb gitb hai Sl&ic^n mirf 
Unb {|t metn Stefl 3«baut, fins' ^^ }■*"> ^"^ ^ 

ffir aab, fie nalim unb bout', unb al* |i( nun gefungro. 
Da ift am SRofenborn Dor ftuft bie Sof cntfptungtn ! 


^itfnn Itcbcnt^'gen £)ra^n 
Scr ^tif e^ ttift ;u madfnif 
Dent uecjioeifettcn ®efd)&ftc 
UnttrtoB"" 3oubertcSpt. 


uSxHii."] anwtt. (firnn. 

SBSifl bu ^ rin ^aupt bffwgeiv 
@t in tninlncn Zavmtl tmcgeiif 
iDa^ bit Xueen ^cunblu^ blii^i 
JBirb tin anbni an btt^ ai:iiiitn. 

S^arouf ccciit^ten n)o(U' f^ gent/ 
.^Att' ic^ tt nur fo ntrit gcbrai^ 
X)af id) mir ftlbH ri rtc^ gemac^ 

(Count Siurtspecs, 

Better known under the name of ArrASTAsms 
Gbiteh, wag born on the 11th of April, 1806, at his 
&itu]y manaion, Thunn am Hart, in Exam. His 
place of residence ia now mostly at Vienna. As a 
Ijric poet he stands next to Uhlans. His epic 
poem, entitled " J)er letzte Bitter " (The Last 
Knight), extols in impetuous strains the noble 
deeds of the Emperor "lVfftTiiniliii.ii I. it is evident 
that the poet haa here taken the " Niehelungen- 
Ued" as his model. His " Bpagiergdnge einei 
Wiener Poeten" (Walks of a Vienneae Poet), and 
hia "Schutt" (Briiine), have obtained a large circle of 
admirers. Every verae of these poema is drawn with 
the ejB of an artist, and reveals the highest poetic 
richness. Gbcen has written many other valuable 
poema, and his worka have already reached a fourth 


Cfin. [XIX. Satt^OBbat. 

X)CT legtt £fc^tn. 

£rt £t(^Cat£ nnntol zn^* 7 
3>at alb> av'gc Sitb ? 

» H nt^t 1<^ U^ qrUtat 
2M lUtitclIiifltt .^oni ? 
ScpfUdt nu^oUt Slumnir 
erfn^ipft iri^t jebtr Bom?" 

do long btc eSontminagca 
3in XjitrgkU noc^ iit^ 
Unb nur tin aXenfi^niaiitlit 
3u ifim onpor no^ ftc^ ) 

jbo tang bee '^immtl @tdnne 
Unb jDonnofeOi i)tetf 
Unb bang dot f^nm ®r(nunc 
Sin J^ mi) jitttmb fif^i 

do lans nati) Ungmnttmi 
Sin Stestnbogtn fi}Tuf)tr 
Sbi fiSiifen nac^ tcm gritbtn 
Unb ba tBCTfa^nung gUUit; 

do lans bic 9ta^ btn Tta^ 
StU eternenfaat btf&'ti 
Unb nod) eln tRcnfci) bit ^% 
ZXr golbntn St^^ ocrjle^t ; 

do Ung bn SKonb no<t bui^ 
Qtn .^ no(^ f^^ unb f&^ j 


©et ttfttt Ilf(^.] «rrult. 

So lang bcr aSalb nm^ rauTitltt 
Unb eincn ^^n lii^U j 

do tang ncd) Gcnsc gr3nen> 
Unb 9to[cnlauben bl^f 
@o lans no4 Banaen lAc^lni 
Unb Xugen SmtN fpn^n ) 

#0 lang rail ®tiba: trautm 
SBtt btn iSi^ineffen btan, 
So bins ^ ^>i0' noi^ nxtnnif 
CEfn .gieT) noc^ btii/tn tann : 

j^o lanae tDaKt auf <Sttitn 
■Dit OSttin^Mtf' 
Unb mit il)i: nanbelt jubtlnbi 
aStm fit bie SSti^e (ie^ 

Vnb lingcnb tinft unb jubclnbf 
Ximifi aitt Sibcntiaut 
^e^t ali bcT le^te £>ul)tcr 
Ber Ie6£e 9S«ifd) f)inaua. 

$o(^ !}&& btr ■&<» bie Sdj&pfune 
3n feinei ^nb fintani 
Sit dm fiA\iit fBbmii 
Unb blidt ^t I&())elnb an. 

SSfnn bitft atteftn&lume 
iDeirinfbnJ ab^tU&^t, 
Unb Chrtxni SonnnibiQe 
Xli eut^ftout) iKcfpr^t : 

ttrft bonn ftagti iwnn )u fcogtn 
2>it Cufl eut^ nod) nid)t mi** 
Db cnbtii^ ougge^nsm 
iDa* aUe, np'seftieb? 


236 (Sran. [@d)ilkt'B etanbbUb. 

@cl)itln8 ©tflnbbilb. 
^otxct i^r btutfd)in -^eiitn in gUunmen 1 
&iita%tt ju @inein Srantic iufammtn 1 

Saf fl^ bat Stjt fonnenb btUit t 
XJag fidi be« jDid)tni iBilti braui n^b«. 

jEtiefle unb el&njcnb tincnb fa[('£ rageti/ 
aRcmnon (Bemtaniaer ba ei miU taeni 1 

iDc4^ ani!^ ju t6nen foS eg bebiif^ feitv 
&cMi riit|t in £Kutf(^bS ^ttiai bie 9t<)# tin 1 

Smui in b« ^ittrac^ bfiflnen SLa^au 
S3dt faK et br6^n/ laut ^i/U eS rofltn : 

eobert i^ bcutfi:^ ^erjtn in Slommtn/ 
®4Iagtt iu (Sinnn ajnuibt iufammtn I 

BoBM at Dresden, 1774, is chiefly known aa a 
didactic and religious poet. Ab a patriotic writer 
alao he ranks high, and in hia works generally ve 
perceive a reflective and elegant mind. One of 
his noblest poems is the "Dying Gladiator," which 
was composed after baring seen the statue at Borne. 

&ottt& ©tgen im geibfi^n. 

W&i'i ift Me unfic^tbon .&anb, 
iDte EBIunwntc&ni' um Xf)&Ici; oanb/ 
iDit ^iimM ben iBavm mit jantm ©iJbir 
Unb SxataUn Ijeift am JItebftoiJ glii^'n? 

Sn leifem Sanb bn: eitbe fii/tt, 
SBie etoimer auf ba SSeib' ein ^irt, 


@dtttg ®cgm.] ;f rtnfgratjb. 237 

iDei ^aiiat ^ritaii @onn' itnb SRonb, 
@in ©ti^j btt ob btn ®t«ntn tl)cont 

fitdn SI&n<^ ^t fein J»rib gelUdtf 
Cbgiri^ frin ©lan; tut Xug* cn^fiift. 

S^w Srud^z fo writ Me SSonne alii^it 
Vtrtiauenb (imit ben Somen blof 

iDtt ®&mann in bn Scbe Sdjoufi. 

jDoi^ (t iiitW 9feM He EtbenSftaft, 

KBobuti^ btt Same grAt^ fn^lft. 
Bitr txT ben X^U/ ben Sonnenft^eim 

jCen Stegen fc^dti giebfl bat @ebei^n ) 

Som .^me( bntmt ble Sui^eitcafti 

jDie Htfyctn rrift itnb ffimten fdja^p, 
€r{et), Skater 1 un« ba« Siob, bef »ii; 

Sebficftia finb aU ^1sn ^i 

£ia« <^ voQ CSe^uc^ (ingaainbt 

Sum fdibiun/ ^I|Kn SSotttloia. 

J^eriinanl) jTteiUfliatlf, 

Bobs, in 1810, at Detmold, h&e resided some yeara 
in London, where his celebrated poem, " Die Todten 
an die Lehendigen," was compoaed ; he returned to 
Germany after the last Fruseian reTolution. 

FBBiiiGBATH'a poetiy is vigorous and original ; 
hia BceneB and deacriptionB are often borrowed &om 
the cuetoniB of foreign nations, and the grander 
aspects of nature in other climes. His style is 
a and flowing. 


2SB Jt-ta^atjb. [XIX. Sotii^unbat. 


SSantielt er ttai) ber ia^nt, in bcm ^ot)cn @d)ilf ju lugen. 
SfBo ©ajclten unb Sttaffen trinf en, tauert et im Sto^w j 
Stttentb Qbei: bem ©eroalt'gen taufi:^ bad %aub b« &X)Camott. 

9btnbe> nxnn bit ^Ont geim gOi^n im .£>cttentotlentraaItr 

SBetin bee j&^ SCafcIbeiatS bunttr uie(l)felnb< Signale 

9tid)t met)): gl&njen, wenn bet Aaffet einfam f^weift buri^ bie 

SUaao, [®eu: 

SScnn int Suftl) bie Sntilope fdiUunmnt, unb am @trom bafl 

fiif^V bann f^reitrt majeftStifd) buri^ tie SBilfte bte Otroffe, 
Dflf mil bet 8agime tiuben Slut^f ffe bit ^$tt fiJilaffe 
^unge IQE)I( ; lecl)jenb etlt fie burd) bet SQ^fh na£e SKetftiii 
£ni«nb (dil&tt fie (aii0tn ^IfeS aut bem fc^mtnseffillten 

pi&^lid) rtgt (S fici) im 3lof)te j mit SeMS auf i^en 9taden 
Sptingt bet Ibmt j iwl^ ein 91eitpfeib I fa^ man tddfcit 

3n ben ailaiftalltammeim einn {5mgUd)en -^ofbutg liegen, 
TOi baS bunte gen bee Slennetl, ben ber St)tet:e ^&xfi beftiegen ? 

^n bie 31tuateln beg @enU(e6 r<^1^9t ^ 9f^>^e fnne 3&^ne i 
Um ben !Bua bee 9tiefen))fetbee nief)t bei 9teitei£ gelbe WUfM. 
aSit bem bumpfen ®(l)i:ei beS ®c(imetjee fpringt eS auf unb 

0iel)', mie ®^neUe beg SiMMtUi eg mit ^atbelfMUt ceteinigt, 

diet)'( bie monbbe^a^Ite Sl&dlt f^^Sf el mit ben leul)ten 


Starr aug tt)rer igifilung tteten feine Xugen f riefelnb fliegen 

Tin bem btaungeflttften ^alfe nieber ftlimaijen Sluteg Sropfen, 

Itnb bagi^Kii beg flfidit'sen X^ietee ^£rt bie ftille asfifle flopfen. 


ftSiwntitl.] JfreflfipratJ. 239 

fSUiij iK SScOcf bnen imiittn fS\tatl im Sanbc Clemen 
gfl^rte, ttiit ein ®rf|l bn: 9Bii|le, trie tin fabler, luft'ger ©djemeiv 
Sine fanbgefonnte Stombe in bre aBil|le fonli'gtm 9S(fr, 
SBirbclt eine gtXbt SS&ute 0anbce t)intet i^ncn t)tr. 

5ll)tem Suge fblgt ber ®der i fcicfsenb f(^itrt « butr* bit 
3f)rn; Spur ^Igt bit ^p&ntj bit Qntntri^erin bar ®i:0^e i 
S^ bei yandm. bei bee SapIanbS ^b<n [^bmfd) tfc 

Slut unb ShiRMiEl bejeidinen itires AtnigS scaufensoKe S&^<- 

Zogenb auf (tbfnb'eem 3()nme feljn fie ben Sebirter |i|ni, 
Unb mit fi^tu^et XEouc feinei Si^eS bunte $i>l|ler riftn. 
fflafBoi, 6i( bit Araft i^ r*"'"*^* mug i^n bte ®itaff« tcagfn i 
©egen eintn foti^n 8Wtre f)itff Wn iBSumen unb trin Sdilagm. 

IC^aumelnb an bn jtSil|l( @aume ftiteit fu ^inr unb [t<^U 

leife, [mUttt ®p«t((. 

Sobtf bfbettt ntft SStoub unb @c^aume, mirb ba« Sb^ btt 

Uebn aKabagaitoi fhn im Often/ fie^t man Srfi^Iitbt gUmjen { 

©0 butcWpwngt ta Z^t JCinifl nic^Bitfe feine* Slei^ 


Of Buudiy liTing poets we may enumerate, — 
NiKOLArs IiBKAtr (1802), whose productioiiB are 
Bweet and plaintive ; Freiherr von Gaudy (1800 — 
40), a vei^ graceful poet ; HoTTHAinT von Pallebb- 
LESEK (1798), author of humorouB political baU&de; 
KopisGH (1799), of great originalify of veraifiea- 
tion; Leopold Sohsfeb (1784), the amiable 
noveliat, whose " ZatenirreDier " contains some 
good examples of didactic verse; Kabl Sxhkock 


240 VtvicbUHtnt ZtftaUtittv. 

(18(Q), a writer of beautifol baJlada and " HaoB- 
mStoKhen," taiiinaiai&toioitha"I/iebelunffanlied;" 
Easl Beoe (1817), a popular and animated lyriat 
of the topics of tbo day (fellow-student with the 
author at Leipzig, and personal firiend) ; fi. Beinics, 
Q-. HsBWEOH (1816), and E. 6eibel. In additbn 
to these, Luswio I., the ex-king of Bavaria, ambi- 
tious of the nobler crown of the poet, has written 
nmny poems in honour of the distinguished artists 
of his kingdom, worthy of notice for the lofly and 
honourable sentiments contuned in them ; SxiEO- 
iiTZ (1803) is author of a Tolume of " Pictures 
from the East ;" and K. B. Gaetb, a religious poet, 
of a collection entitled " CkrUtUche Qesange." 

yfe may mention here the confederation of poets 
known as "Dot jimge Deuischhtid." This school 
orginated with Lrnwio Bobne (1817 — 1837), and 
Hefneich Heine (1797 — 1847), men of Jewish 
lamilies, who both died in Paris, which city they 
had made their residence. Its chief leaders toe 
Eabl Gutzkow (b. 1811) ; Theodob Mthidt 
(1807) ; HEDTttiOH Laubb (1806) ; and Lmwio 
WiENBAsa (1803) ; men, most of them, of no 
ordinary talents, who, by warring against erery 
aristocraey in society as well as in letters, preaching 
the rehabilitation of the flesh, and, by the dissemi- 
nation of sensualist doctrines, have used, and are 
using, their endearours to create an exalted hea- 
thenism, which rises in con^ct with Chrifltianity. 


part Wi. 

l>ri.AND. — EnTzaBDB. " Chatm Wata;" "AbdallaA." — 
Ki.lNGBR.-~KlAlST. "Dot Bettehetib von Locarno." — 
Ihuirmann. — Qbabbx. " ^Uhliagigeiai^ dtr Ften," tna 
•'AteAeiiirodtl."~Pi^'nti. "DerPilgirviMSI.Jiat:" "Loot 
del LyriJteri." — Wbknkb, HiiLLNui, Kind. Linz. Collin. 


FAKZiB. "Jeiuiji Lind."—Zxi>UTX. "WilAelm l>{i."— Haiu. 
Bausbhtbld. Fkanu.. " Grund mr Aitdaehl." — Ebbrt. 
DVLLKK. Cabtblli. " Behtummtrlitd." — Amalie ton 
Sachsbn. Mosbn. Kabi. TSpfbh. Raimvnd. &c. &c 



fart ^i* 


The Qermaii drama ainee its development under 
LssBiKG, GoETHB, aud ScHiLLEB hsa seosibly de- 
clined. Our present division conseq^uently, (when 
we ahaJl have withdrawn the names of some few 
dramatista more properly cloesed in a succeeding 
chapter with the nosumric school,) is somewhat 
circmnscribed in its limits, nor can these whom it 
embraces be said to share the palm with their 
illuBtriouB precursors. And first we shall consider 
the Hanoverian, Iitlakd. 

^usuat aaatltielm Sfflant 

Was bom April the 19th, 1769. He held for 
eighteen years the important office of director of 
the national theatre. His compositions are gene- 
rally known under the tiiie of " FamiUen Drama." 
Esteemed as a dramatist, and admired as an actor, 
he died at Berlin, Sept. 22nd, 1814. 


24A SfEUndr. [XIX. So^imbnt. 

Ittiaxd' a /orie lay in the ' lachiymoae' domestic 
drtuna, in which hie great characteriBtic» aire a 
tnithiiilaesB to life, and a constant vein of Bound 
mondity. Of the former, it has been truly remarked 
by WoLTF, that " Eshatdd any Instoriograpber in a 
future age attempt a delineation of the maimera 
and customB of our nation, and look around him for 
authorities on which he might rely, the dramatic 
peribnnanceB of Iitlawd will prove to him a real 

His language has often a degree of flatness and 
reBtraint. " Die SageHoUen" (The Bachelors) is 
more free from this fault than any other of faia 
plays. "Die Jager" and '^Die Aiaateuer" (The 
Dowry), may be mentioned as amongst his beat. ■ 

August dTt. ^txti, bon IKot^etur 

This author has left behind him an autobiography 
cont^ning a great number of remarkable incidents 
connected with his life. Kotzebux was bom at 
Weimar, on the 3rd of May, 1761. He lost his 
father while young, and bis education was under- 
taken by a mother and tutors, who brought him up 
with an aversion to every thing seriouB. When at 
the gymnasium of Weimar, he devoted his time less 
to the study of the classics than to sketches of 
comedies, in which attempts he received great en- 
couragement from MuB^xrs (his master), and from 


wDoi mertn)fc*ifl(lf 3(*t-"] KotjAue. 245 

GoBTHU. ScMcely aiiteen years old, he removed tO 
the university of iTena, where his propenaifcy for the 
histrionic art found new nourishment in a society 
' of amateur performers ; and in Ms nineteenth year 
he took his doctor's degree. Betuming to Weimar, 
he commenced practice ais an advocate, uid produced 
a collection of " TaUt^' which were published at 
Leipzig. In 1781, he accepted the office of se- 
cretary to Gleneral Bawr, at Petersburgh, where 
he wrote the tragedy, entitled " Demetrvtu, Czar cf 
JUbteoto." He here married a BusBian lady, and, 
in 1788, was made councillor in the Beral govern- 
ment. On his return to Germany, to revisit his 
mother, his wife died. Eotzebue now visited 
Paris. An account of his travels and of his loss 
shortly appeared, under the title of " Xy Flight to 
Parit." In 1800, whilst entering Euasia with his 
second wife (also a native of that country), he was 
seieed on account of a comedy entitled "Sultan 
Wam^twn" and transported to the deserts of Si- 
beria, whence he was subsequently recaUed by the 
Czar, Paul I., and appointed director-in-ehief of the 
theatre at Petersburg. Here a Wge number of his 
" Dramat" wen written. la "Dai merhawrdiggte 
Jdhr meinet Ltiien*" (The most remaAable Tear 
of my Life), published in 1802, he gives a v^y in- 
teresting record of his banishment. In 1814, he 
went as consul-general for the Prussian states to 
Elonigsberg. Pive years after this appointment he 


246 Btvtl^r. [ptamaSfiit StA. 

returned to Mannbeim, where he was murdered by 
a student named Sajtd, a political enthusiast. When 
requested to declare his motive f«r such a deed, 
Saitd, himself wounded, thus wrote : " Kotzsbuk 
was the Bedocer of our youth, the calumniator of 
our history, and a betrayer of onr Fatherland in 
the pay of Bussia." In his confession he stated 
that hie attention was first directed to Kotzebttb 
on the occasion of the public burning, on the 'Wart- 
burg, in 1817, of that author's " Sittiyry of the 

Kovzxbitb's dramas are most numerons, probably 
exceeding in number two hundred. Of these the 
best are " JKetueh^thaii ttnd Seue" (Misanthropy 
and Itepentuice), performed on the English stage 
under the title of "Tho Stranger;" "J>te edele 
lAge" "JHe VertShnunff," and " Gtutav Warn." 

In most cases his principal attention is given 
to stage-effect. He had little ccmception of the 
ideal, but shewed great shrewdness in discovering 
the weaknesses of the human heart, and his chief 
care seems to have been to court the ephemeral 
applause of the day, 1^ pandering to the vitiated 
taste that prevailed. Koxzbbui: was destitute of 
moral principles and firmness of character ; his writ- 
ings have therefore no lasting value. We give a short 
extract &om the histories! play " Qwian Wata." 


mn^m Safo.] Itatldat. 247 

XuS: <^uf}av SBafa. 

Drittcc ^ct 3»rite esceiu. 
O&utftab (ernrad)!). XtaS fitiflt gtfi^afnu — tOat mir'S 
bode aU flittt 
tOttd^ .^teietton tow*? — SSiffi bO/ f4«n graut 
Dtt tKwgen. — ^ans 1 too bift bu ? ^t bn 3Ctf( 
@id) fnS ShbilFd) MTtto(l)tn? (Si trUuH bag @d)Io^) Sine 
Otn Rottlii^ ®<4(i>pr ®ott eetx t«m Scfttn [Sutre ! 

Sin flotaUii -^nrj- (SRan i)fat noi^ dnmal Ka^.) Sin 3agbs 

^otn — iRolft wic^ren — 
3tecl)t fb I Ijier micb gtiagff gtfdjtnaBfc ulfl ob 
3ni iSattrionb rin tUfec gcitben ^rrfditt. ^ 
C iAtt (uw f^tofft 3*fu*t 1 — bap 
3^ Rett wn font ^d)t mit tiller 9ttugitri 
Unb nit)tg bleibtf fo tang anf eunr Xnftl 
?lur bft fltntc^irt* SJMtf n Mud)t ' — ■&tl-&ant! — 
!Bii: mfiffen fott ! — ffito ift er ? — ^fUgt' n boift 
SSonft nie fo meit eon mic fic^ ju ratfemtn. — 
(St witb il)m bo* (rin Unfltfict — (®r trbUtft btn gteobfdct) 

Z)en SSrobfad ^at a ntUa ntic^ gdtgt ? — 
S^ftlbHruf i^wrgtben*! — ^! — nrfr olinbel — 
ekiwn gtlbrn bat ei bcinQenb um bit StJiitbiiT — 
e^icn fb teftiitif — fjta* fo wrwCrrt — (Sin 31e« ritt 

nac^ bm @<))Iof1t.) ^ ba I 
SStin gnunb t ift Sud) et»a rin aCtn Stann 
3m ecauen 9feunnie btetgnrtr blafi tun XntU(? 
Jftigtr. ®ani ttifti a na^m bm Beg nat^ XoItfUnb. 

(St Dopft an'bai Zljov, f^m loirb gttffhet.) 
tfrtiMati. 00 bin ii^ au4 von meintm Ic^ten ^ttunbc 


218 nat\tiut. [XIX. Solli^bftt 

ScTtaffm I — Xui tfyit UK^ I — StKir nur dn Xiw^ — 

Unb Me @taxl)ti^ maift mir Il)n lub. — 
dt DMi: mk n>{( tin attct ^utecr&t^i 
Sri bcfftn Snbttd tnan^ £)iiie( niitbn 
Stboibis mtrbcn on i bn btffnn ^cit 1 — 
erin XnOft f(i|<«) mte oft dn ^uberfptcerif 
3n ban ic^ mrinen Botet loitbnfa^ — 
9to^ ^Itt bre SEon in mdnfl: ©tele nnebcTf 
SMt b«n mein Batet frinen Sftamtn rief — 
Zutf) Sr ifl fort ) — i* IWk nun attrin I — 
Bo langt Ijat er twu an mir fle^dttn — 
a* gt^' t^m n»^l I — 3!)in nwrb geaif bee Ci<^rilt, 
aSii^ iu oerlaffen, fauer. — fBai tarn ei 
IDafia, menn ftumpfe Sinnc/ fc^(^ Stenxn 
Ocm ewig jungen ^c^cn niitt tntfpret^ ? 
Sege^ wentfl con ben !DIenfi^nf nxnn 
Du fie ju lieben wflnfd^ I — 3|l mtr'S bo4 
MU mMt' id) l^n nod) inuntr ^ trnxintn — 
@i nnib ni(I)t fommen 1 — SSdntn leftten Siffen 
Eieg niurddl — 9lun bonn — tSgef}' bitnw^II 

Ifdie dtitntnt (auf bem ^t). Stm^' ouf bit ^fbrtt, 
Sofcbl Unfet^^ret 
SiO foit. [$ca^fHl& 

etnt attUnt dtftnmt. iOie @&|te finb jo noi^ befm 

Sfe ttiit ^tfmmt. ffiienn gldd^ Qt fprcngt wxaMi 
min fettfl bit Sttibec 
3m ^orft eei:t^dltnf btnn bit I)eiit'ge 3a0b 
@on tnfftic^ mtbttt. (SHe SE^orfliigel oerben gebf^) 

(trtitftab. ®iflt? eie^ bo/ 

Sin gjbffetr JufalC ^at ju tinei 3aeb 


£« tUIn @cl|iHb«i tnc^ecf t)i(Il(i(I)t 
ffietfammdt — twnn td)'« waste ! — SBtnn fit ftatt 
Set ^If unb SB&cen tenet gro^ Sloutit^ 
3u iaQcn fii^ «itf(I)U|fcii ? 

Dritte ©cene. 

9. (ju ftinen Stuttn). ^Staifi mi) ferttgt 
SHt Slolfe fattett unb bie ^unbe bpptlt (ffilU fott) 

(iS. (oertritt i^m ben SBeg). .^ SHItn;, wotU i^ n 
@t^S[ oereinnen ? 

9. 3e«t Iiab' i(^ friiu 3cit Jtonmt auf ben ^flxtA. 

(fi. (tetfe.) 3t)E feib ein tbkc &iifa>tU. ISm 3dt 
®t^6rt iuerft bem SBatertanbe, fri 
e« SBorgen ober abenb. 

a. (ftu|l.) .JxtrliwrrribS^? 

ffi. Sur tint ©ttmme in bet ffiifte. 

9. -^11 

9)lii^ b&ui^ti i^ fnU eu(^ {tnntn. 

9. asenn 

gSir mrin ©tbiifihrif twu gtbUfben — wafirlit^ 1 
aCrafi biefer sHumtntrei — feib S^r nii^t SSofa ? 

<ffir. 34 bin's. 

9. aSiObntmen, ebter ®uftacl tiabt 

3^ Btenbt ^efnibn f<^ oergeffen, brc 
3u @tunnC ^dten untei euern ^alftitn 

<&. Xttnbt ^ijcfom it% ntenn' Qud) ) 
3^ wort ein tapfcetf ein gembcr Warn, 
6o barf id^ Quit) ia nw^I uertiaiun ? 


250 Satj^ttt. [ TTT SaliT^unlim. 

' 9. Sdb 

SBt^nunni mk onf Ctn&t I — 3IriiKn gdb^am 
fflhiS i* im »au«fitt(l iw*« |inbni! 

<R. Sit DortnoU niitmn ^attitt, fo im Jtilttl 
eS^I&flt M tin ^/nO^iitS ^tci. 3n biefcm Jtittel 
'^' t4 ten S3tg mir mittm bur^ bi( getnb< 
^ CEtKcn S^£{rii U^n geba^nt j ^ nriQ 
3c^ titf in bm Stbirgen fudKn, mai 
ecM liitflff tin SR&tnn^n an bra JCfifien ttmcbc 

9. Sibnuiirf iik ftaum fibfl; Sun AAfin^ 

«&. 3c^ abet Qm X&ltt. 

9. - SSSt 3^ ni*t' 

Da# unftt Jtinia — 

«. UnTtr Jtinig? 

9. Daf 

(Sin f)D^ 9>TtiS auf @uem Jtopf — 

(G 3ft innonb 

3n SuTcm @d)Ioflr bn i^ uecbitnm mbi/tt ? 

9. Slut bucdi ein SSunb« (rib 3^ bo: Sefo^ 
Qnttonmn — 

ffi. 3ft'8 tin SJunber, be|to beffei I 

S!o gloubt an biefti Shinberf folgtt mit. 

9. aSoS ffi^et 3^t im S^itbe? 

IS. ®^mebeng SItttunel 

3c6 fle^t [U ben wattem BattferUn. 
IDlit (Sett unb ber greec^ttn ®0(%e Witt 
3d) D^nt fBafferif oitne SnE)ana( unttr 
@ie tretem unb bea SBflt^ri^ ®ituelt^aten 
3n i^t .&erien bonnttn I — Mwnbt ^^au, 
!Sic ^btn mit einonbet manifm Sttg 
erfod)ttn } TOottt 31w no* Sinmal oetfuc^en, 


etufEoo XBafo-l Btot|ribttt. 251 

Db mijt bo* alte iSIfli oon mii: gnoicfeeti ? 
9. KBo^I ift ti tfi^li^, untn; @ui4 )u Unqifto — 
(S. Doe aSatttlanb ju lettem ba« ift rii^Iu^t 
a. Kir fpretfiHi ni(f)r bawn. 3(4' tommt ^twin. 

3n mnneni Sd^Iof Qu4 ju crqutitcn. 
<B. east 

3Sir ^iUfe gU/ id) bin «qiii(H. 
9. e< finb 

3u ttner Sagb bn ebtin SSdinxbtn tnanc^ 

Sti mic MTfammtttr tntliTen auHi (Sai) 

fSOamt: iart CIofTan lutb aXagntig Stflfon — 

^ 3atob I tuft \iimH mdn ffirib ^aus I — 

3}er ntatfn JUm Siatinnj 3ul^f imb 

ee mtittij laft jueot mic^ i^t iDenBott 

Scfbrfi^ tV 3t)t ip!&tltd) untn; t^nm 

<fi. Skrni 3t)i; ti bimttd) ^Utt 

a. BltiW 

SubelTtn nut bri nwintm aBribt. ICnf 
iCei: Sagbi otnn nir ennCibtt in bad ®tat 
Urn aSrob unb IBcin unS tagtnv fang' t<l) on 
Son wattm bit ®tm&^ tu eigcAnbtni 
Unb auf ben Mtnb bring' id) bann vkM/^ 
€So oiete greunb'* ats Sift'/ end) mit juriltt 

t&. SSXunbtl — 

9. Still 1 babmint meinSOrib. SSii mo^ 

6tt4 tcnntm ftc ifl iuverUififg. 

^pin pcrfifd^ ed)ac^ fam tinft auf ^ SinfoOr inbpito 

fdne Etaaten ju bun^anbem. ttn etnon (dnniiton Sonuntr= 


252 KatiAn*. [XIX. Sfaftr^berf. 

togt fanb n m 6<l^ttni tfnrt Saumct dntn jun^n .^titetb 
Ur anf bee Stite btirt. SStfne ®eftaU ^|iel bcm StelKnfc^ 
3^Ki^ant. St Sef fi(I) mtt t^m {n tin (ScfprA^ ctn, unb fanb 
fo vitt ecfiinben tOtmfcfKnDaltant, fo oitl ri^ige eeint^ungC: 
froft — fitilii^ ot)tK Xultui: — txifi er btfiM ' '*'" itingen 
.{>{ntn mit fii^ an fdticii ^ ju lu^ni/ unb ju onfu^f 
KKil bnn% ISirgu^ne aot dtm foI<^ Vnlagt fii^ Hlbtn laffc. 

Vbbdla^ fo ^ btc SfingUnsi fot0t( ungmv ccfAQU jnai: 
icbt Onvoctnng frinei S^liftnif nurb o&tnlu!) mn i^m geliibb 
«nb Doni gai^tn '^ofc tmwtbtb fe^nlt |t(^ (i^ ^ iinrAd in tit 
(tfflm .^ihbn ber 8tu))4 unb blidtt feu^nb auf bit cinfa^ 
^idtntcaditr bit n gtgm btn putpunun Jtaftan unb btn 
blitenbCB Zuibon »ectaufd)t ifattt. 

Htx e^aii fy)b fctnen eiebting van ttnn: Stufc bn @^ 
gut anbnnf unb mac^ tl)n enblict) juai Stwa^rec ber EUcic^ 
tUinobitn. Umfenjl btnitt btr SItab bit ^nt/ iimfon|t boij 
%it SetUumbuna )nm Sfiront. KbboUa^ btr StMH^i rpottett 
i^ SKi^nft } fdn SSonml^ lonntt jn got btn ffltct^ i»n 
ICbbolta^'^ ^ttjen. "Xba tnbG4 ft<ub btr gtnditt %lst^ unb 
^ttrtitfi tintn jwanji^i^rigts SSo^Uf bcfTcn OI)t bn Sdimttn 
t^eltir unb otfo au4 ftin ^ttj ban SSerbtrbtn o|fen ftonb. SSo: 
gteid) ^b ang bent eifitaamt btt 9teibt< bit EStiUuunbnng i^ 
giftigts <f>aii(it empor/ unb iifd)tt (aut: H^tbbalta^ ^t fi4 auf 
Jtoften bet Jtront bttri:^! et ^at btn QUfi^, xotUljm btin 
ffioter ifim onwittaatCf ju bcm Stini^ni gemad^ i ti Iwt bit 
Sttic^tlrinabitn itttti^cttf ia n fiat in feinnn <&aure ein mi: 
bctgnitt Stnt&Cbtr mit btti edjUfftm Dtmulittf n» tt: oft 
flon} idltin mant^ SKunbt wmdii, unb bit gtfto^Ientn Sltitf)^ 
tli&nti ibefjUjIt" 


■sbtanoi).] niinttr. 253 

S)n bid^tgl&ii&isc iunee liSanai:i^ bcavtt bent ISorte fttntc 
■^(flinge. St fitmrafc^ XbbaDalg ttati Wtexsfnii aU biefcr 
(id) tSnti fbld^tn Sefu^t am nKirigftm vtrfal). »@ib mir bir 
ei^ffel iu tan wrboigenen ©tirUbcj bal am Snbt jencr 
@altfde ltd) ticfliibet," ^nii'd)tt a i^m mtgtgtiv hWo bu fo oft 
nnb fo longc vencdlfb loc^ bn Su^ brinn ^unbt noc^ nit 

XbbaOo^ biiT^d)atite bat &aotU btt SSei^vi. ilti^lxtb fo^ 
ec auf frine UnCigtrr unb fibcrietd)tt b«tn Si^d) bit Qi^Hi^t 
Hai ® aaib gcif^t — man fanb nnen Q^tifab, 
tint ^ictentafc^ unb tine gl6tt. — » @it^ ^ia, SRonort^ 1 bit 
3efd|cn meint6 i^imaSsmi sIMTtlism Stanbti. 3d) txnKil)ite 
fie ^iei/ unb befud)tt fie oft, um raid) on iene fUDen I&nbttd)en 
gmiben ini Jh:eife bet meinfgen ju erinnem. 9iimm aQtd jus 
tiUcEi mai betn Sotcc mti: gabi abn laf mir meinen Widens 

iDei iun^e S(kr|l> gerA^ nnrft einen unurillietn StliCC auf 
f^ .{i&fltnse, umaimt SbboUa^f unb win tlfxt jum eiflen 
ftinet 9irid)£ er^bea ICbet XbbaQa^ tcarf non fid) ben pttv^ 
imrnen Xa^nr tigriff @d)ifei:ftab unb ^■etento^<^t unb flof) 
in bit [inblic^n '^fitten. 

Jr. ^aitmtUan bon XtUngn: 

Was bom at Frankfort on the Maine, Feb. 19th, 
1768 ; he entered the Auatrian army in 17SS, uid, 
in 1811, was made lieutenant-general. He died at 
Dorpat, 1831. Klibqeb waa an enei^etic poet of 
the stormy period of our literature, known aa the 


254 fitlCnsnr — ItUtof. [XIX. 3a^ 

" Sturm nndDrangzeit." Sach was the temper of the 
age, that his earl^ and wild drama " ZteilUnge" was 
choaen whea put in competition with Leisewitz's 
beautiful tragedy " Julius von Hxreat." 

His tragedies are all stamped with the unhappy 
misanthropic views which the poet held, as are 
likewise his novela '^ Htutt," Kii,"B^hael de 
Aqvillaa." TTiii most enduring remains consist of 
a prose work, entitled "D^ Weltmam wtd der 
Diehter" (The Man of the World and the Poet), 
published late in life. 

I^tinttcli bon RUtst 

Also a military officer, of Fnmkfort on the Oder, 
who in a fit of depression terminated his own life, 
on the 2lBt of November, 1811. Kleist'b dramas 
display great powers of imagination, and abound in 
gracefiil language, and truly poetical description. 
They are, however, exuberant and nnpruned. The 
"KiUehenvon Heilbronn" (\^X0), " Der zerhrochene 
Krug" (The broken Pitcher), 1812, and "Die 
SermannscMackt," are all of great freshness and 
beauty. Eleist's tale, " Miehael Kohikaa*" like- 
wise deserves great commendation. The extract 
which followa is an example of his good prose style. 

SaS l@etteln)eib son Socorno, 
^m gufc bee ^cn M. eocatno im obcmi Stalicn bcfanb 
ficil «n alteb eintm ^cxd^t gc^&rigeS SSdito^ ioA man \f^ 


X)at Btttclmetb oon eoconu.] Slltfcft. 25S 

mom man von &. ISctt^orb bnuntf in C^utt tmb Zdbmntm 
lityn titirt: tin SSdiIof mit fw^en unb nxitULulteni ^fmmmir 
tn Una rintm cinf! auf Stro^r txti man Hgt xaOtx^ij&ata, dnt 
oltt (ranfc Sroui bit [i$ bttttlnb twr bet ac^Ar riagefunben 
IjOtU, son bo: >^tK^au au6 Stttteiben gebtttct ivorbtn tmir. 
tKt tRor^ef bcr b(i b<r KAdfelic mm bn 3asb luf&Hig in 
bat Sinnnn teat, mo a feine S^e a^uft^n p^gttr befall 
bn Smu unuriOigi au£ bem 3SiidtIi in votUt/an fU [119/ aufjus 
ftt^n unb {i(^ ^tntn ben Ofm )u bcrfflgcn. iDit Srou/ ba fit 
fic^ n^bf elitr(f)tt mit ber JtrActe ouf b«n glotttn Scitn ant, 
unb bcf<Mlngt« fii^ auf eine 0ef%lic^ !Qrift bat Xxtat ; b»= 
gefteUr bof |te jniac no<^ nit unfielid]tr !OtA^ ouffhmb unb 
qu«!| ait tt vcrgtft^ben tcaiTf ilbtc bat Sitnintt ^im^i ^intti 
bent Dftn attr unttt CStt^nm unb 3Ct%n niibtrfan* unb 

93l(l|rtr( Salm nad)^, ba btc gSatdbefe bur(^ ffritg unb 
SKilioai^ in bebtnOi^ Stnnigenemn^niie gtrotfmi nuc, 
fanb |id) dn flowntinift^ JBitter bti i^ tin/ bti bat ©^ 
ftinei fditnen Eagt UKStn Don 1^ fauftn nwdte. £Ki:tOtaid)tfti 
bem Ditl an bcm ^nbel gtltgen max, flob frintr Jrau ouf, ben 
Sctmbtn in bem Dbenenv&^ntenr leetfte^nben Stmmeii bat fe^ 
Fc^n unb iii&t^ ting/taifttt wa, unterjubringen. 3Cbec wie 
betnttn »ai bot <S^atixi (dt bet Slitter mitten in ber Vaif 
eerftht ui^ b(t{<^ ju i^ntn ^trunttr tarn, ^ unb t^tutr wts 
ftd)en>b, ba$ tt in bent Simrnn fpnle, inbcm ttnai, bat bnn 
Slid unff^tboc gocefenf mit dnem mtriuTdh all ob et auf 
@tro^ gelegenf int SinunenoinM aufgeftanben, mit oemefnn> 
lUltn SS^dtttn langfam nnb e^brt^ii^ quer Aber bat 3tnimn; 

[.3,1. :i.,C(K>tjl>J 

256 Wltiii. [XrX. Sa^t^irabert. 

gegane«if imb i)intn bm Ofcn vntre @t&^nm onti Xtdgen 
niebngeftmftn fd 

XKt aitaidiere erfi^cttnr tr umftc ^tibft milt ied)t warumr 
I(M^e Sen S&tta raft (rfflnftetttt 4wtorleit auS. unb faattf w 
nwIU fnflleii^ aufilt^ ni^ bte 9ta(^ gn feino: Stni^iQnng 
nitt t^ in tern 3imm« tubringen. Sod) b<r dSita bat um 
bie Qlef&mgtritf i^m ju etlaubem bafi a auf rinem Semht^I 
in frinem ®<^Ia|juniner iiUmaifit, otA att ber aRorgm lantr 
liefi tc anfpanntni empfo^I It^ unb teifb ab. 

IDteTet JBocfoOr bee auftroTbnitItd)rtXuffeI)en tnat^/fclinilte 
auf rine bem aHotilWe ?W)ft unangene^e SE8dft int^it«« 
jUtuftc ab i bergtflalt/ baff ba fi^ untn fctnem rieentn ^uS: 
gtfinbc, befcanbenb unb unbegccifliifir bofi @(ifi# ettiobi ba| 
rt in bem Simmer jui: 9Hittetna4t6fhmbe umgelje* er, um tS 
mit einem tntfd)tibenben Scirfotiren nicberjufc^lagenf bt^ijioh 
bie Sadie in bet ni4jhn Stadit fctbll ju unterfucften, Demna^ 
lieS ec beim Qinbnidi ber Simmentng fein £Bett in bem if 
fasten 3immec auff#ignit unb nSfantt o^nt gn r<^Iafen bie 
3]titteniai^ Kbrr nne etfd^ert ma a, aU er in ber Z^at 
mit-bem St^Iage ber @et|ler1tunbe b<a unbegieifli^ fSttiufd) 
Bema^m i ti aaxi qU ob ein SSenfd) fi^ nam @tra^i baj untet 
i^m IniflerCef erfiobr quer itber bat Simmer gieng' unb Winter 
bem Cfen unter ©efeu^ unb @er^t( nieberfanL Xii Star: 
quifCf am anbem fSStot&m, ba er lieruntertamr fragte ilnv mie 
bie Unterfui^ung abgttaufen j unb ba er fi$ mit fc^uen unb 
ungemiffen SUtten umfa^i unbi nat^bem et bie SJike Mrriegett, 
oerfii^e, baf e* rait bem Spul feine SRii^tigleit ^ : fo er= 
fdiract {iei mie tu in i^m Men ni^ get^ani unb bat i^Ui 

[.3,1. :i-,C(K>tjl>J 

Sue aktttlnKtb eon bicatno.] MltisL 257 

bcDor n bit @ai^ ncttauten tit^i fit noi% ttiunaC in ^n 9ts 
l«IIfcf)aftrin«taltbliitigtn?)riifpn9iUimtrat»erf(n. ©ft^^rten 
aba fammt rinent ftttitn SttitnCav btn |tt mftgtnommtn 
^tttn> in bn X^ot (n bcr nSdrfltn 9{ac^ baHtClK unbtgttiflldKf 
Stfiptnftnractiae ®ttiur^i ttnb nnc bee bringtnbe 3Bunfdv bat 
@d)Iofi e6 toftt nut ti njolltr loS ju loerbenr otrme&ftt fit/ baj 
Sntft^nf bat fit tcgtiffi fn (Stg/amatt i^at XAtmti ju unttta 
br&ttn, nnb btm fBorfall iremb eine gldi^gilUiet unb iufiUige 
Uirfadftf bit fit^ tntbedni laffra m&ITei untnjnfi^ben. Xm 
QCbenb bei brittm Zapti ba bribtr um bee 6a{^ anf ben 
entnb gu Contmni/ mit .^Oopfen nwbct bit Xitpfic {« btm 
ScRnbtniimmec beftiesenr fonb fi^ gufJUIia btr .^uS^nnb, ben 
man von bet £tttt lot^tafftn ^aittt vat btt 3^ befTelben tinr 
btiQtfbittf baf btibtr o^nt fi^ bcftimint gu eMatni tneKeic))t in 
bei unnHiaii^clidKn Xbfii^, aitfti: ftd) felbfl nod) etnaj biittti 
etbenbigeg bei m git ^abtn, ben .^nb mit fidf) in bai 3immtr 
nntjinen. iDal SIkpooe, itwf Sic^ auf bent Sifd)i bit SXau 
quife unau«gtiDgen, bcr SSordiefe lOcgen unb ^iffolen, bit ei 
one bent &ijcant gtnonunenr ntben fi(^ ft^ ^ gtgtn tilf 
Ulir jtbci: auf ftin IBttt } unb it)%tnb fit fid^ mit (9tfptAci)en/ 
fb got fie oenn&eenf ju unttti^en fui^f Itgt fid) btr .^nbi 
Jtopf unb ffieint jufammengefauerti in bet SXitte bet ^immerS 
nieber unb fcfil&p tin. 3)caufr in btm Kugtnblifte btc HSitteo 
na<i^, lift ftd) bag entfeflii^ @tcAuf4 loitbetr ^(len ; fnianbf 
ben tein 3)ttnf$ mit Sugtn ft^tn lansi ^bt fi^ anf JtriHittn 
im Simmemnntel tmpot j man ^hrt bai QOa^, bat unttr ilim 
taufc^t ; unb mit btm erfttn SSi^ritt : topp 1 tapp I emad)t btt 
<|>unbr Ijebt ftd) pUt'id)' bit Ot)Ttn fpifienbr mm Sobtn trnpet, 
unb (mnrtnb unb btHtnbf grab' ali ob tin Slttnfi^ ouf i^n tin^ 

TOL. Q. 8 


258 iMRKramm. [XIX. 3a^ 

gcfdiritttn Umtt i:&d»irtt gcgnt t«n Dfen tccit^ «: aiH. SIti 
Uefun Snbltct ^rjt bit ailairqni|( mit jbAubenbcn ^oxea out 
ban ^aniiuii nnb m&^nb bn 3Ka[quiS( bet btn iSegen e& 
griffm : vn: ba ? ntfCr unb ba nfonanb mtivort?!. ^dt^ (tntm 
Slofenbcn nai^ allai Stui^gtn Ut Suft bncdi^autr U0t fit am 
fpomviu cntfu^eib anaenblicBii^ nacfa btr estabt abiufa^ren. 
Xbec t1)t |!e not!) eiiiigt 9ad)en ittfammcniNvitt unb rnuf) 3ns 
fanmunraffnng einiget CSacfien aid ban X^ore ^antanafTtlti 
fitl|t fte fcfion bod Siijiof dngium fn Slammen aufge^. Da 
^Staxijtft, twn Sntft^en flborefjtr liatte tint Xnge gntmnniaif 
nnb baHcOti ^bnaO mit .^ gttiftlti toU ti mat, an aOot 
t>kr Sdtiu mjibe ftinrt StboiSi artf^itt. SargcboiS fi^ctte 
(ie fieutt fiindib ben UngUtSi^ }n itttcn j er n)ac bmUS auf 
bi( elinbigtulifh iSMfe umgtbmniaif nnb neii \t^ licgcni con 
ben Sanblatttn lufammtngctragcttr fefne nttfien @cbttn( in btin 
ffiinfel btl SintmaS, von mUt/tm tt bat !Bett(Inxib »n 

iKatI Smntemann 

(1796— IMl) 
Ib amongat the more sncceBBful of modem drama- 
tistB. Ha was bom at Magde1nu-g, in 1796, and 
died, in his foity-fifth year, councillor of the court 
of joBtlce at DiisBeldorf. Hia style was varied, but 
in most infitancea pleaaiiig ; bis later productions 
each excelling those which had preceded them. 
His beat tragedies are : "Alexia" " Die Opfer de» 
Seixeigeni" (The Victims of Silence), and the 
"Irauevtpialin Tyrol." In these he took SoHllLBE 


as Mb model. Iumebuakk ia the author likewise 
of two remarkable romances, "Die IE!piffone»" 
(1836), aai" M&nchhauten" (1838), whose poetical 
character showa an approach to the writings of the 
Bomantic School. 

Otttcutfian (Staliie 

Was a youthful dramatist, who, notwithstanding 
much exaggeration in thought and language, gave 
promise of great excellence. Thinking to strike out 
an entirely new path, G-b^bbe affected to criticize 
" Shaktpeare," and all who had preceded him. He 
died at Detmold, his native place, Jan. 12th, 1836, 
" consumed with jealousy, though decidedly gifted." 
His dramas, the later ones especiaJly, are fiill of 
powerful and noble thoughts. Some of his best 
compositions are : "Don Juan tmd liuttt," "Simer 
Friedrich Sarbarosm," and "NapoJeon." The 
following fanciful little poem is taken &Dm the 
fiury drama " AtchenbrSdel" (Cinderella): 

Sr^if^lingSgefang ber %im. 

3Kit fcgntnbci .^ulb I 
Sti in bem Kuge 
Sninttncr SUbe 
Xbenbfttm ftljiniinmr 

ICU an btm .|iinimel 

C^tnen bie fficU ! 
Cau&ltani im .^aaref 

©ollfn He .poreni 
jDit titci)elnben Sung^auHf 
^tegentitn SCanjH 
tSc^Sen ben S 


260 «n^t-9laten. [XIX. ^^. 

SSc^ut nad) oten I 
®o(bcn< IRorgeiv 
Solb'ne KbeabCf 
iDuunantauT 2ag«gtang 
Sod i^n vtdi&vtn I 

Sftut (injdiK Sdjiftt)*" 
ajtigen ben Xct^ 
SuTc^Iof buidnft^nr 
iDa0 0t fii% Mrnrair 
®o nxit er aud) fit 
Xxnn Sebnmann ^^t lit 

9uBU0t Count Vlatm 

"Was bom 1796, at Ansbach. He studied at the 
Univereity of Erlangen. Piaten's popularity com- 
menced Titli the appearance of the well-lnown 
comedy "IHe verhangnitgvoUe Qahel" (The Fatal 
Fork). In one of the acts of thiB piece he aims a 
satirical shaft at the use of extravagant compound 
terms, by introducing such words as Bemagogen- 
rieohemaihom^angeHckt, and others even longer. 

In many of the qualities of a good dramatist — 
a classical taste, extensive historical knowledge, 
and muily independence — Platek was eminently 
conspicuous. His poems, of which we subjoin two, 
are elegant and highly finished. Like Hucebrt, 
he has shown a preference for foreign themes, 
and in his excellent" Q-hatelen," especially, has ably 
imitated the ' style' of the Easterns. 

25« gJi'Stt »i>n St. Sup. 

^^adif ifts, Ht Stftnnt fauffn ffa unb fit } — 
^iSvan'fi^ ^ItindK, fdjtU^t mic auf bie %^t I 


■Ha 9%t nun et Sn^] ^latni. 2' 

iaft liitr mtcf) nt^'nr Hi ISIocEtnton mid) ttteittf 
. X)tt jum @cbet tud) fn bie Jtir^ filtniltt. 
Snrettct mii; Wat tua; ^aut wrtniig/ 
Sin DrbetiSCldb unb eintn Sutlop^ ) 
Qbtmt mil bit tlrinc fkQc> nxi^t mii^ rin 1 
!DIt^ all bie .^fte biefer aStU war tntin. 
Sal ^ouptr bal eittcc SSc^rt fid) bcqiwmti 
3Xit inan<^ Arone nocbS btbiabtmt. 
3>ic Sdniltn, bie ba Jtatte nun ii(4 bikctt/ 
■^t laifttltd) bn .{KnntUn gefi^iictt. 
9lun bin ic^ DOT bcm Sob bm S^ttn gltid) 
Unb fan in Xrintmn. wit bal Ott 9Id4 

goo3 b<8 eijriteiS. 
§^teU am SStoff (kbt unfett SettCf .^nbluna 
39 bn JBelt ali:mad)tign ^ull, unb bt^^alb 
flitet oftmoU toubtmn O^t bcr )jtif)t 

&l)T{fd)C jOid)tCt* 

(Ceme icigt Scbmcbem ^qunn -^met fit^ 
Srnttt QUI buntfmbigtn ^abtUtffiii) t 
itU^ bal SoQ ti>n»ieenl> n^i^t be! Z)trama'S 

dfiffa btn Sc^upla^ : 
Sber $>tnbai'l Slug nnb bit £unjl btl glauuir 
Xbtr bcin r^nxnoiegenbel fCiotti ^tttaua, 
^tff fiil unl langfomer im <&ei:jr ber fflttngt 

^cnm n)acb blop gtiftien: Sttig. btl Siebi^na 
&i<^Ur 5£alt ni^/ ber ben umf^imtcn ^(tiTit 
3ittt Si bringt ftin flfi^tigei: SBlid in i^ 

9X&d)ti3e SSctte. 


flEnns bln&t Ifyc 9tamt q/tnamt unb Itnt Im 
C^ bee axrafd)^(tt j bo4 ee gefeitt m t^nni 
Stlten irninbri^ftftKa ein @emutf) uiA ^ulbigt 

Not & few nriten of more moderate powers hare 
contributed to the dramatic literature of this epoch. 

Zaghabia Weeithb (1768 — 1823) wrote some 
powerfiil dramaB, occaBionally ehowing too great 
pomposity of style, of which the best are " Martin 
Luther," and a very remarkable one, entitled " Der 
24ste Jfeftnwr." The reputation of Metllheb (1774 
— 1829), whose plays were of the same character, 
is founded upon his tragedy "Die Schuld." His 
ungovernable temper gained him the appellation of 
the ""Wildbeaat of WeisBenfels." Kutd (1774— 
1829) is known by his picturesque " Maleri»che 
Schautpiele," and also as a skilful novelist; his co- 
temporary, Leitz (1750 — 1792), was a dramatist of 
much humour, whose poverty resulted in madness. 
CoLinr's classical dramas of the same period (1772 
— 1811) deserve praise, the one, especially, entitled 
"Eeguhu;'" and his " Odet" and "Poem*" are 
both solid imd graceful. The "Corr^yto" of Aj>am 
(Ehleksohla&eb, a Danish poet (b. 1779), is 
artistic and elegant. The tragedies of the harsh 
BatiristSBUMB (1763—1810), of which "Jfifet<wfe*" 
is the beBt, have contributed leas to his fiime than 
the interesting narratives of his wanderings, entitled 


VtvtfbWtttnt antNMtteJwXt^ttr. 268 

"SpMietyang naeh Syraew" and " Mein Sommer 
im Jahre 1803," and his minor poenu. The inven- 
tive dramatiBt Hoimixs (177S — 1822) was a du- 
el^ of WxuKEB and Muilsb, and ia Gonaeqaently 
more remarkable for the elegant veraification, than 
for the aitiatic character of his plays : his beat is 
"Daa Bild" (The Portrait). 

After these came some irho sought aucceaB by 
taking as their standard the " WUhelm Tell," and 
the " WaOmufeiM" of SohuJiSB. Such are : Ma.l- 


aad BsixsTAB. All these minor reputations, hor- 
ever, were lost on the appearance of BA.irPACH (b. 
1781), a man, who though unmarked by brilliant 
talent, bj the popular tone of his nnmerous dramas, 
succeeded in monopolizing for many years the whole 
German stage, and amassing a princely fortune. TTia 
&Tourite tragedies are : " Tatio't Tod" "Jbidor wtd 
OJffa," and "Die Hokenit<mfen" in seven Tolumea. 
Many of the living "Austrian Poets" have dis- 
tinguished themselves by their dramatic efforts. 
Of these we may instance Gbillfabzeb (17B0), 
eulogised by Lord Byron, author of the well-known 
tragedy " IHe Akt^rau" and the eq^ually popular 
pieces "Der««H«2)(«n«r" and "jSb^^." Zxdlitz 
(1790), the successful author of " Twrturel," " Her 
Stem mm SeciUa" and other elegant dramaa, and 
an animated lyric poet, whose " Todtenkronite" 
(Death- Crowns) give evidence of real genius. 
Fbhsbidb Halx (1806), who wrote " Oriteldit," 


264 tErrftljiarjtr. [Cerfc^bcnc iDrainatif[))ebu))t« 

" Her AlckymUt," and other dramae ; Batjebnfeld 
(1802), Btanding more alone in tlie departmejit of 
comedy; Fbakki. (1813) ; Esebt (1801) ; Ddlijib 
(1809), and Cabtblli (1781). Their lyric writings 
bave aUo for the most part the cbaracteriBticB of 
true poetry. We insert below a few of their 
smt^er pieces. 

The I^dncess Ahaiik tou Sachses (1794) has 
written a aeries of eomediea in a neat and popular 
style. The more fiiTonrite of present dramatists 
are, perhaps, Jfiittb Mosen, J. C. ton Zeblitz, 
Cabii TdpJTBB, and the ingenuons and warm-hearted 

3BtlUJ Sinfc. 

^^it nnmm bi^ tie 9ta(4tieal( 

aXit bdift'gem Silbaniubt ] 

6a fi^ mdt tetnec Sieter SSdfoItf 

Sxij ntnn' ii^ biti) tie Zaaibt. 
^Bb MH bn IfioTtf Dlt bu'l bi^ 

®ri'e benn bie Kti^nrofd 

iCAtt ao lift) @c^c unb Etbtn IiiSt, 

Kufgl^^t auS bunllttn SRoofc. 
9u bifl nu^t %atbt, bifi ba« fii^tf 

iDae gmbt rcjl oerfilnbrti 

3)aBr mnn feEn IQei^ am {[remben brid)t( 

Z)it buntt ^od^ entjftnbet. 
®nb j^nben fie beg SdfalU it>1}n 

iDen JQunbem btinei; Aeiile : 

.^ier ift nid)t JCirper> taum nod) Sonr 

3<l^ ^Jte brine eSeeft. 

^. tSrCEEfarjtr. 


bet nnidhn 3dt] SSeJtfftj. 265 

3Bil^jtm Sen. 

„^pritf), Bate, warum air bit bunfi* Sfl*t 

3m aSSoUw, tief in ben Sannen bur^n>ad)ti" 
„ „ gSrin Sinb, tott |i* rfiflrf iu gute 3aflt( 
9Kug ju ^olje jielm, benot efi tagt" " 

,,Sort, iBotet, era SUI) aui bem Svfdji bri^l 

Iiu fie^fl efi, unb bu erlegft e8 nu^t!" 
„ „ ©n SRe5 ifl rint eeringe SSeut f 
SBo^t ebtar aSift etjag it^ ^ I " " 

„ Bort llfirit atig bem BicKtIrt Ut ^i) in .^ff i — 

gtun, JBota, friffl) 1*1"'" W«a e«faft t " 

„ „ iaf jie^ ben Wi** i^ S'f*'**' *«" ^tib } 
1Bto^[ ebler Iffiltt «jae ** (l*"* ' " " 

„ ifitetn ffloter, ofi unfewm ^upte, f((|wet, 

aie^t btolienb dn ©twitter ^ I — 
gjKrnnrti fo bang — laf f)dm uoSgelin!" 
„ H SRcin ®o^n, tern im ®enriHer |hl|n I " " 

H |He^ iort, ^ogenb auf |loIinn fRef, 

Den eonboogt tciteni no^ fem ftin atof." 
„ „ @tiU Jtnab 1 fo ®i>tf bit ^Ifen mag I — 
Canboogt, biefi wax bein leCtet Sflg '."" — 

» Wm ®ott. mein SSaterl mi ^aft bu getiian? 

Eu ftaft erfiljlaaen ben wjrne^en SSann 1 " 

„ „ aser ein 33lann iff, ■oeittieibigt fein gute* 9Ied)t, 
Det geige nur ifl b« S^ronnen Snrf)t ! " " 


@ninb guc Xnbac^t, 

^tr bu gtAmnb ow^ an 3a^ 
3n bem btxii ftt^fl } 
ZilUt bo$ bn nii^ an wtt^tt .^oorfn 
Stamm Dot6ba^^% 

^nge mtt btm Kngcltc^ 
Sromm bi(^ jtbctn ISnU ; 
IBftbeigl&nienb f^wn som w'sen Hd)t( 
3ft fnn '^■qjt^aai; tonf. 

%iaiaif[ iLttsait ^vavXL 

^>D^n ber Stu^Cf {inb i&ber, 
^Ibtr @d)ltinima auf bie %'bai 
Cetn Umamun |tir(e ntitttr 
iDie (rsiiibdt natut. 

Sown @ottf ber fttunm unb blinb i 
Senn et aud) bit CSonne fd^eiutf 
3ft tt botf) bre Unfdwa fiinb. 

liSpelt Malting i^w, tf)i: SBeflt, 
0iefcn^%l fd ^ Sfyxa, 
Ktuffi tttdij btibar i)m i^ Vtfk, 
gntbcn i^ bet gitebene eotjnl 

J. jr. tfaAem. 


$art mt. 

HnmcniTuts : J«an Paul Eicqtbk. "Die NnoaMmaekl 
eineiUngliicUickm!" '^ Dit Atfftrttektmg." — Hippil. "JX- 
linhe Lieder." — LAHaHBiM. "DitWaeUitiatdiAreKiiider." 
— ThCiouu- — HorrHANH. Romantic School i A. W. 
V. ScHLKGiL. " Vo» dtm Clatmehttt tatd Semmtitcitu i" 
ia MUCH TealamnU," &c~~Ti*ck. "Prim Zerbiae, oder 
die Seite nach dem jfiden Otiehnuiei ;" " Bit Sleme tntd der 
(TmuIemMann,-" " Friiktiitg." — Waocbnhodib. — ¥ova,vt. 
•' Der Siegeikrmai" " Oebtti" " Leimt Herittlitd." — Bren. 
TANO. — kB»v»."DertoUebtBaHdt." — Notalih. — Cbamisso. 
•'Ptter SehkmiU," "Tragiielit GaeAicMti" "Wtnleri" 
" FriKi gaimgat." — Eicbendobtf. " Die Sfillt." Tile 
Writan; Hngxcs. " Lefftnde von Ruberakl." — NicoiAi. — 
Enail. "Die Cur Melluidtn." — Hiinbjch Juno. — Laton- 
TAiNB. Wiitert for the Youhj; : Jacobs.— KBCuuACHaB. 
"Parabeln." — C aupk. ' 'AueBabiruon derjingen. " — Kmoai . 
— Gbjmh. "Der Wo^vnd derMmetk i" " Hant im OUiek." 
— ScBMiBT." IMeBettleriHi"" Dae Krautldin"" Dm Buck 
aim Buehtlaiai." — Van dbb Ybldb. — Albzib. "Der Jtide." 
— Bbohstiin. "FitcAItm amJUcm." Female WiTt«n. &c. &c. 


9" '»'■ ' 

»« eo|<[ Pngl, bli e. 

Oat «ir «t b«, fi Bdl iit iMM, 


part mh 





Siian ¥aul dFtir^itfi %titfitet 

(1763— 182S), 
Commonly called Jxax Paul, wu bom at Wuu- 
aiedel, near Baireuth, Marck 21, 1768, where his 
fiither was schoohnaster and orgamBt, but whence 
he waa soon after removed to a curacy at Sodlitz, a 
neighbouring village. Here Jeai^ Paul, in common 
with the other boys, attended the village school till 
he was ten years old ; and, at the age of thirteen, 
was entrusted to the care of the rector in the 
adjacent town of Hof. The death of his father at 
this time, leaving hta &mily in great indigence, led 
them likewise to remove to Hof. The love and 
veneration felt by the youth for his widowed mother, 
inspired him with the greater zeal to apply himself 
to his studies ; and it was with difficulty that he 
obtained, as an author and tutor, sufficient means 
for the support of himself and his aged parent. At 


270 ^tan ^xnl )Sf4ttr. [^nmotiflai. 

eighteen he vent to Leipzig to atudy theology, to 
vhich he applied with great asBiduitj, having his 
conatant object ertiU in view, and aanoaB to asaist 
in the education of his brothers. At the age of 
nineteen he wrote a witty satire, " Die OronlSnd- 
Mche Prozesse," but could not, for several years, 
succeed in finding a publisher ; and his necessities 
increased to such a degree, that he saw himself 
at length obliged clandestinely to leave Iieipzig, in 
order to escape imprisonment for debt. At Hof, 
whither he had gone, he continued hie studies, 
still unable to meet with a publisher of those works 
which were afterwards so eagerly sought after, and 
remained here until engaged by a landed pro- 
prietor in the vicinity as tutor to his children. 
This he shortly relinquished for a similar situation 
at Schwarzenbach, where he had the satisfaction to 
find a publisher for the " Avmoahl out det Teufela 
Papieren" It met, however, but with email suc- 
cess; and, much as he tried to publish others of 
his compositions, he had the mortification to see 
himself everywhere coldly received, notwithstanding 
the active interest taken in them by Wxibse, Heb- 
DEB, and WiET^Am). At last he determined upon 
writing a novel, "Die wuicHhare Loge" (Thelnvisi- 
ble Opera-box), in which he interwove a history of 
his own life. This he sent to Mobitz, professor and 
member of the Academy of Sciences at Berlin, 
through whose interference he obtained the sum of 


XIX. 30^^] Stan ipanl i^itbttr. 271 

100 ducats for Mb mannBcnpt. He hereupon re- 
turned to Ho^ with & view to the comfort of his 
revered mother, and eomposed Mb " Setpenu" and 
" Qitintwt Fialem;" the former of which, in par- 
ticuhir, contrihut«d to spread hie &me and place him 
in easier circumetances. In the Bonuner of 1796 
he received an invitation to Tieit Weimar, where he 
was enthusiaaticaUy received. Yet, much as he 
was courted here, he did not prolong his sta; 
beyond three weeks. His personal appearance had 
little to recommend him : strongly boilt, and sinewy 
as he appeared, he was still of delicate constitution, 
hut his eye had all the splendour of the great mind 
within. His conversation was, as were his writings, 
flowery and elevated, and his voice was musical hut 
rather weak : all his expreseions bore the impress 
of his mind ; purity, veracity, and warmth of senti- 
ment, and love towards mankind. Hxbdxb, who 
viras delighted with his new acquaintance, writes of 
him to Jaoobi,— "I can only say of him that he is 
all heart and sonl, a finely-sounding note on the 
golden harp of mankind . . . ." In the summer of 
1797 he lost his mother. Nothing now retaining 
him at Hof^ he removed to IJeipzig, which, a twelve- 
month after, he left for Weimar, where he met vrith 
the same fiiendly reception as on his firat visit. In 
the spring of 1800 be visited Berlin, where he 
made the acquaintance of his fiiture wife, whom 
he married in 1801. Held in great rrapect at 


272 Stan JPbuI ttf^tn*. [.^mimfltn. 

Meinungen, and enjoying the intimate friendship of 
the reigning duke, his roving dispoBition induced 
him to leave it, in 1803, for Gotha ; nor did he atop 
long here, but went eventually to settle at Baireuth. 
His circumBtances were now in a flomishing con- 
dition, and he enjoyed a large pension till hia 
death, which took place on Nov. 14th, 1826. 

JxAir Paul's writings abound with passages of 
infinite humour. He was gifted with great descrip- 
tive and satirical powers, though in the former he 
is not free from the charge of " mannerism." 

He did not understand to represent his ideal of 
humourous characters reflected in the mirror of the 
real world, and the general conditions of life. Never- 
theless he holds a distinguished position between 
Schilleb'b 'idealism' and Goethe's 'realism,' and 
paved the way for the humoristic writers of the 
succeeding age. 

" The lAfe qf the happy SchMlmatter Wm" an idyl 
conceived and written when he himself was a school- 
master, presents already Jeam Paul's whole pecn- 
Uarity. Here, as in all his writings, he does not 
attempt, like Schilleb, to take hold on the life of 
nations and history with his poetical mind, but he 
contrasts the conditions of the domestic life of 
German citizens either with the demands of the 
world at large, or with his own ideal conception. 
"Hesperm" (his Werther) throws the reader into 
a whirlpool of the most contrary feelings, teeming 


ViiB ii^pmtt.i''] ^MH VanX ULixbttr. 278 

witli humoriatic and affecting Bita&tionfi. 

Bud Goethe camplain of tbe great mental exertion 

the reading of this work demanded. 

" Titan" his greatest work, shows greater com- 
mand of hia Bubject than most of hia other worka ; 
among which alao some of a didactic nature, as 
"Levana, oder Srziehwn^gleKre ^t/r Tockter" "Dot 
CamptmerthaV aa6."I>ieSelina" (both treating on 
the immortality of the soul), and " Voricktile zur 
.^kthetik," may be recommended for reading, aa 
containing veins of pure gold. " IHs Domen- and 
S'mckUt&cke" have been translated into English 
{see AthensBum). Jeas Pafi is inimitable when 
describing the inner recesses of the heart, and in 
pourtraying characters posaesBed of a rich and deep 
fund of human feelings. 

3CuS ||^e6))etu§; ^teunbe. 
Wtim JIuunb ift beS anbem Soirne unb Sonnen&lumt ;uc 
gUid) } tt iitfit unb a foCgt. 

©« ®rof e. 
j^cr dgentlicljc li/tt ©toft ouf bet 3rbc to&rt nui brt/ bee 
fii^ ear ni^te SftftS Ixniaf t vibxti aber biefec dngige tft ISnsft 
getmijtgt i bennod) gcbra ivk @(It)flfi^mcid)tei; bitfm Sftamtn 
ben S&^n unb ben SenieS. 

ZJie jttnber. 
^^r JHeinen fte^ na^e tei ©ott, bie Heine firbe (ft ja b« 


274, 3tM Vanl Ki^lter. [pt Keitia^rtmi^ 

(pin alter 9Kenf(^ ftanb in ber Sjtuia^mittenui^ am 
Scnihr unb fn^ubi mtt bctn ^Idt emct bongen SerjttMiftatiOi 
anf sum unbcioeglii^n/ enng blfi^enben ^litRimel nnb fitnati auf 
tie flint. triiKi wtlfe IStbt, wwauf Jeet mernanb fo ftntbni! 
unb ^ifaflei wocf tmt n. ^Denn frin Stab flanb na^t txi 
i^ : et UMC 6(0| mun @^nn M XUaii nUSf com @r{m btt 
Sugtnt titbedt i unb tr lycaift aul bnn sanjni, ni^en bbtn 
nii!^ mit, oU Sm^&ntti ®iknben unb Jteanl^en ) dnm 
Btttwetttn Shpa, dm «r6brtt ®et(e j tit JBmfl i»a Sift 
unb cine Xttn WQ Sttat. €Mne f^inen ^ueenbtagc wanbten 
fict) Ixute oU (Seffynfhc uni unb jogen i^n witba ax im 
^Ibtn aSotgen ^ni «v i^n fein SSoter iuctil auf ben @<i)abti 
UKg b(t StbenS gf^Ut ^attt, bn rei^ti. auf ta SSonntnbatin 
ber Sagmbr in (in waitii lu^iaM Eanb Don Eidit tinb Kemten 
unb Don (Sn0 bcingt> unb meldKC linM in tie tRauInmrfSs 
e&tigc be< Saflert f)inabjie^t> in eine .&6^1e veU tjerunters 
trofi^nben ®iftet> wiU )ifil)elnb«: Si^Iangen unb finllererf 
ft^tcMec jQimpfe. Kd), bit S^tansen Iiingcn urn [tine IBrufb 
unb bie eSifttropfen ouf feiner 3unge i unb er wuStt nun, »o 
tr njor. 

efnntiX unb mit unauSfprtc^Iidjem iSrant ritf et gum 
.^met ^auf: ,i&b mir bie Sugenb toitbtcr o Hatai fttUi 
mid) auf ben SdKibtnKg nHebtr, bamit ii^ anterS rai^" 
Xbei (tin JBoter unb feint Sugenb tmrtn Ungft ba^ <Sc 
\afy Srrl^tet auf CSfbipfen tanjen unb auf btm SotteSacftr 
eriJfd)*"' unberfagte: „<SS Pnb meine t^irii^n Zage!" — 
<St ab tinen @tttn auS btm .Cittnmtl ^ie^n unb im gadtn 


tincc Uoflt a jU ^it ] MtKtt V">1 ^i^Ux. 275 

fll^imraetn unb auf btt (StU icccinnen. »3)ai Mn td)!" 
fogtt frin UntenlMC .^tq i mib bit ^Ujlaaytn^nt Ut SReiu 
gnibtn bann in ben Sunbtn tiwitti. 3)it lobecnbt ^^ntafie 
tafft ii)in fK^oibt Sfliu^&oanblti ouf btn Z^i^mt ; unb iit 
iBtinbmiifA l)ob bra^b i^ Ttratt jum 3n1'<%'<id'" o^i ""^ 
mti tm kemi Sobteni)au|t jucititscbUebcRt iaat na^m 
oCmi^Cig ^ine SA^c on. 

aSittcn in bnn Xompf ^ ))tt4Ii4 bit 9Xuiit ffk ba« 9teu< 
ia^ Dom SJIfxwm ^etmtia wit fentn: JHrdjengrfang. Sv 
amcbe fanfiec bawet St [c^utt \m btn <$arisont Return 
ttnb fibtr bit ttwite CEibc* imb tt ba^tt an [tint Sugtnbfreunbt/ 
bit nuDr gl^ic^ unb U^ aU tti it^fta btr &iiti SOta 
el&Sii^ SSxixt unb atftgntttt 3Ktnf4)tn vanni unb tr 
fugtc: »0, t^ Knntt au(^ wit i^i bitft tcftt 9tac^ mit 
tiwtnen Kugtn ixcfcl)IumnKTnf nxim i^ goDoItt fjAtte ! — Xc^, 
id^ t&nnte gCuctCiiiii ftinf i^ t^tunn HtUtin, atnn id) eutt 
Ktujo^itmihir^ vnb Sttmn nfiltit 1)latt !" Sm (itbeE^ftcn 
Srinntcn on feint S^flUne^tit lam tt i^m tect oU tii^ fitfi 
bit iavM mil feinen S^gen im Sotttn^ufe auf ] enbli^ nmii 
fit but:d) ben llCberglaubeni btr in btt 9leuiil^nad)t @dfTtt 
btt 3u(unft trblitttf gu rinem Ubtnbfgtn S&nattn^ (St 
(onnlt ei nid)t mtl)r ft^ i er otr^iiUtt baS Vuge j tauftnb 
^rfje SE^tinen lirfimttn oetpegtnb in btn ©c^net j tr ftufttt 
nur no<i) Itifti teapot unb finnloB: /i^mm nur niitbtii 
Sugenbi tomm nritber ]" 

Unb fie tarn nriebet j benn et ^atte nur in btt 9leu= 

ja^rBmiilbt f&;d)ttrli(t) setr&umt @t mar no4 tin bungling j 

nur feine SBerirrungtn maren !ein 3raum gtmefen. Vber n 

btatitt ®otti bag trj no^ jungi in btn fc^ugigtn ®ingtn iti 



276 ^tan ^nl iRfciter. [Xrs..3a^ 

tafytt umtttfcta, itnb lic^ auf Ut Soimnibatin jurJ^iOeBtbcii 
loiuitti bte in'e ntdje Sanb bee Ktmten leitet. 

Die 3(ufcrffeljunfl. 
( (U^n XnaU ift, rinnn ScftatnRtte gon&ff in einnn ttnttsc 
irbffdjcn ®avilb(> ofine jt ^otUgefa^ ja neirben, 6ia ju 
fdnem ge^ttn 3afm erjogdi iverben. Sm Silgtitben {^ go 
fi^ilbtrtf imc a mi) Kbbiuf bo: ttfUmmtni Sat von fetnem 
Se^Tcc unb Sqiefiai auEin: nxldxin n bUiKt: niemonben gefc^ 
^r unb b« bn Seniiil genonnt abb/ aid fefnen untm 
Irbtfdfcn ^ufcnt^alte in bit Kottir sef%t wtcb. <D(iS 9nbe 
feineS unterirb{f(l)cn Seben< i|t i^ oU boS 6tti:ben wi^e^tQb 
bem iAt Kufec^^ung folgui nibrbt.) 

• • • • 

Sin ^>riefta: |b^ im nttten S^otn ba 9tatnt unb betm 
an Sottrt XltSietii btn Secacn : — bet degtaoe SBinter mft 
bem fc^enxfSen QI)n^embi — bre famtnelnbc <|ieibft mit 
Qcntffl untn; bem Vxm, bit et @oft auf ben ICItar legb tmb 
bie bet gSenfc^ neljmen batf, — bet frarigt S&iglinef ber 
@ommeri ber iit 9tad)t£ atbeiteti um {U opfetUr — unb enbli^ 
bet tinblidie Staling mit feinem nieifen JEitfdtcnrc^mutE von 
SBlAt^nt ber icie cin Ainb fSIumen unb Sti^nteldie um ben 
er^abtnen @eif[ ^mlegti unb an befltn (Sebete "XOH nril< 
betetf mxi i^n beten ^trt — Unb fh SXenf^nfinbtr ifl ja 
ber Sr£^[ing ber fd^nfit ^>ne|hr. 

iDiefen Slnmenptieila: fa^ bet Qeint ®uftav juetfi am 
UUat. Siot Stennenaufsang am etfbn Suni (unten uot'l 
Xbenb) biiete bet iSeniufl f^oeigenb ^in unb betcte mit bm 
Xugen unb Itumm jitteniben Uppm tin @tbct f&t (SuftaXi 


XHt Kufnfle^unfl.] 3nn ^anl »Wbter. 277 

M ftbtt fdn gaR}e< eraogtet Sebtn bit S^el (tutbrcittte. 
Oinc SlUe ^6 oitn rin iadgtti (tebaiM Kuftn aiv ttnb btr 
SesiiK fagttr felba fibflwiUigt: Mtl nift uirt ^aue aui bn 
Cibt ^ttf ecn .^immcl} e4' rait rattj mtiit ®u|tn»." iCet 
Aldne btbtt oor fauU unb Xneft ^ S^tc t6net fort j — 
ft gt^ Un 9lad|tgang bn ^mmtUUitec ^inauf} — giwi 
AnglUt^ ^^eciRi inbm^ mlt i^n Sdiligcn bcinalx bie 
Sntfl; btr <StataS |ttM bit 9fDrtt ouff (inta bn bie SSielt 
ft^t — unb ^bt fein Jtlnb in bit QbAt unb unter ben ^immd 
^inanf. . . . 9tm ft^gni bit ^o^ Stogen M letotbigtn 
Wttmt fiber ®a9sa }uf(uiutun — mit ftodcnbtm Kt^r mit 
oMUtttm Kngef mit ib(if#tttter SSctle ^t n nor bem 
nnftbtrft^lid^ Xngefi^ bet Stotur unb t)&tt fl^ littnmb 
ftfxT on ftintn (Stiriul ... TM a abtr na<f) ton trfbn 
Orfbarcn fdnoi ®ttff aufgefd^eiif Aafgeclffen ^ottt fSc biefe 
etiSrab — oIB cr bit toufenb Vtmt f&^Ibr womit l^n bie ^o^ 
CSctle be* aSfltoOt an m biMtt, — aU n: io fe^ bermoi^ 
boS gribic ttmnielnbc SStununlebtn utn fit^ unb bit nidn^n 
eUioif bit tebenbt^ i^m erfi^einen aU feint, unb aU tr bit 
ittttnibe Blunu tobt go tnttn fAtt^ttttf — oU fttn raitbtx 
oufiv&ttj gtuorfentf Kugt in btn tbfen <|>{ninul, bie Otf^ums 
Ux XtattAti^Mt, vetfonff — ui^ oU et fief) fc^eutte oor btm 
fcrunter1)t«(^ ber (erumjieiienbtn fc^nxuirot^n !tBoU(n< 
gebfcat unb btr Sbet ftinem ^upt fc^tnunemben fijb^trf — 
att er bit Serge wit neue Orbtn auf unfter liegen fall/ — unb 
oU t^ umrang bofl unenbOc^ Sebe% bol gefitbecte neben be? 
flBoOt fliegtnbe ittMi boC fununenbe Stben ju ftintn SABnif 
bai golbene (nedjenbe Eebtn auf aOen Wittan, bit Itbenbigtn 
<ntf i^ nintenben Srme unb <^u)>tei ber Stiefenbimnef unb 
oil ber SSotgemrinb i^ btr geofie Vtlgtra elnel lonuntnbtn 


278 J»n llanl £{t|&tcr. [XIX. 3a^ 

®tniui f^r tmb ate bie flattcmbe Saubt finacl), unb t« 
Kpfelbautn friitt SESungc mit dnein tolUn Slott bcnorfi — 
ali enblii^ frin bc(a|tetsgel)cnbta Xuge ^\^ auf ben iHifen 
gtiigein rinrt SDmnunwstU ttaflen liefi brc unsf^te tinb 
etnfam fibtr buntt SUnncn tsogtt unb ani tntitc ecdnc ffitott 
fi(fl mie eint C^noft coitlbtnib tlins ■ ■ ■ ■ : To |Ina ba .^immcl 
an )u bwniKn* b« tntpodwien Wai^t lobertt bn nad^c^lri^ito 
®aum i^iRS 9Santelg UKfir unb auf ban Stanb bn Ortic logt 
U)ic eine oani gbttlif^n X^com nkbtrgtfunfent JCront ®cdt(ti 
bie eSonnei @u(taD rief : »®ott ^Igt bort!" unb Ifikitc mit 
geblenbitem Kuge unb ®dflt unb tnit b«n grfiftin @ebttf baf 
nod) ein ttnblii^ {t^&^ciatt S3uftn fa^r auf bit iSIunten 
ipn . . . . 

&ifiaff bit Sugm nur ntitber aufr bu Htbn I bu IttfKft 
nit^ mtlii; in bie fllA^cnbe Sovatuael ^indn i bu Kteft an bn 
bef^ottenben Sttufl beinn SHatta, unb {^ ItebctAet ■{)«:] 
barin ift brine SSonne unb bein ©ott — jum nflen Waft |ity 
baS unntnnbai: fioOd weiblldit unb mAttnlil^ eSdielnf jam 
erften Wait ibtt btc fttnlii^ Stimmc } btim bit n^ ffod 
0elie«b bit im .{tonitl bit entgegen ^Iftn, finb brine Oltmt 
C ^mltfdie etunbc 1 X)ie Sonne ^^Ib oOt 2Dfiautropftn 
^nltln untn \fyc, aijt Steubent^&nen fallen rait bem tniOectn 
Qonnenbilbt nitbetr unb oiei !Dtenfd)en fle^ feUo tinb gni^ 

auf rinet QAii bit fo writ bom .^tmincl fagi I Site 

i}Wtti SSdnctfall mirb unfet Sob fein icie @ufiai> feinn? 
SJer^tort St^all ba» filter unfewr ®rb« wit tiinter rinn 
Satoe ftgti ut^ bad unS 3eit I&ffet. )ti fein — aiil mm bcc 
Sob uni jerlegetf unb rin grofn (Senium unt auS bn Omft 
in ben ^^mri ae^n l^at, uKnn bann frinc ®onntn unb 
Sreuben unfcn 6ctle fibnuiiltletn: nirfl bu uni ba attc^ tint 


Die Ib^erfh^nns.] Wfftl. ^79 

bOcamU SRtnfd)enbntft gtUa, an bet uiir tag fd)n)ad]e ^uge 
av^ifaami O edjutfall gtebft bu uit« witbei:, not loir 
trionaU ^ Mtgcflta Uniun ? San Vugt toiib ltd) auf bkfee 
Slatt rtc^teii/ boS ^ rndftt ju bowinen unb ni(^ bort 
iDKbet JV |lnb«n ^: aiii tcteb ei nat^ biefem txbtti, i»n 
SobMf tnner betanntni (Stftalt begegneni ju bn tmt fooen 
finntn: tnUbmnun? 

itxa esd)i(tfa( ftetit ftumm ^tcr Ux iccm ; bic ma^ifiiit 
S^Snt (h^t bunbl auf ban ®rabe ; bic Sonne leuc^ nid)t 
in bit serine. — Via unftt liebenbtt .^ Itiibt in bn 
ttn^bli^it nic^ unb mr btm Kngel^te @otlet ni(i)t 

(!Cie unfii^tbare Sogc) 

A writer of the same eaet with Jean Pitn, and 
though in the present day less appreciated, in many 
refipecta anrpassing that author, waa bom at Gep- 
dauen, in East FruBflia, January Slat, 1741. Edu- 
cated at the univerBity of KonigBberg, he became 
ultimately burgomaBter and preeiident of that capital, 
and from a poverty-atriien etudent died poaaesBed 
of a fortune of 140,000 dollars. 

HiPPBi has been defined as the founder of an 
original school, characterized by the aimultaneouB 
adoption of the humorous, satiric, and poetic forms. 
His powere of invention are remarkable, aa are hia 
elegance of expression and truths delineations of 
life. The treatiae " JTeber die Ehe" (On Married 


280 %^$tl- [:S^^ Sa^unbert 

Life), was the firnt work vMch had on important 
influence in eafcahlishing Ha reputation ; it is not a 
Uttle singular that he who could bo eloquently write 
for others, ahould have himself died a bachelor. 
Next appeared his dever " Lehetulaitfe in mtfitei- 
gender JJime " (Life in projecting Lines), in which, 
and in other writinge, he conveys popular illustra- 
tions of the phflosophy of Eaut, whose &iendsh^ 
he enjoyed. But perhaps his more perfect work is 
the " Kreuss- uad Queerxvge dea Sittert A. hu Z." 
in which the Engliah reader will detect the in- 
fluences of Goldsmith and Sterne. HiffBL has 
the rare gift of calling forth the emotions and sym- 
pathies of his readers ; he steered his course be- 
tween wit and sentimentality ; " his tears are always 

etttff^e eteber. 
SPifitiant &i^axfta^m, lomiii ouf bra grbun Xx^^i ia 
liegt incfn3)tiittard)enrbt{n<0t&tter^3 tmc tDOUoi fit itfixi/ta 
brim SRonblid^r wtnn gntt Seifttr noi^tuai^ttnf anb mam ftf 
in ben Stonb fe^ In M Uebnt QlotttS 9ta<f!tI&mp(W IBid* 
lei^itnftddntfEtiiiieiOf m6<l^erKl JBtdlei^t ^agt 1te : nxts 
tcoOt ify!, mrin ^ti^ kki« ^? — IDf^r ai^ bit^ bt^ 
nwOai ate. SDonn tommt fEe nw^I mit i — unb uKnti |ic irit^t 
bom Anc^M ^""r <vcn>> f^ ni^t votn gtat^Mn Xbt^ 
leillf laS uirt btt i^c bldbtiv ^irnx^aAnai Ui (^1 .fiitt? 
D( twmi ttifr mir bd bir finbr liebefi StOttm^n I hKoS mtbtt 


bttift^ eitbtc] %i99tl. 281 

t^ tfldi?" Srdnrt Jtcout, baS ftef)t auf btm £ft(^f Sto 
tmbiibn; »KSkatrinfni? ec^, IciniQafftc bt« ecbeni 
iff (ttrl" ZXn Z^an M SKoretnB, btn S^au bet Xbcnbt 
molbn nrit trinten t unb ivtmt bn Z^U M brt 3Sergtn« oer* 
fpitttr uoKtn nrfr unftn StjcfttKn ninttni bit »ir fo langi 
tvefiuii uxttetif bit bat Sug' unt bdi^f mit bat Hint bcafy 
Di mm »ti nur bd bit (inbi mn bri birr licb<t 9]Utt«<^ 
tttef b(in ^ilr^ btine gntri Snncn «t6cMd^^ib bit Sceuen 1 

JK^dfnir mdn SSntbnf ftaib ; cif tMim n no^ lebtt 1 D, 
BXtmlOf nciuilffitnnl ffitb^ SMc^n ^ ni^ tin SriVN 
ntt^ tin fStubix %ti^)ta. ^&c tin anbent 9>^i^n banf 
{4- GcUaM ^a0ita, tBccram mfya^ bu miii) nidit nrit! 
XBonun b{t9ta<^tigaai aSonini? — Xiol ffl^etti^ wifd){eb 
in Scit<^ 'funb. ®it gotten fl^ ft^ licb, bat fiftfltl^n 
imb Siiftfien. 3d| fa^ fit SStibc ftUbm. £>«; JSoee! lauttlt 
ndit auf 9<^d)nii Suli^nif nm (Id) i^m anaubringcn. SBic 
bag Sigttc^ fi4 ^ on i^n onfdilaEI I Sit litfttt nic^ con 
tinanbtt. Si^ fb^t mitf) an. ulBat fufilt bof Sct«<^? 
Btat" — 3<^»rfnte)— roOte idinf^t? „etai,Wtt(^" 
{^ (&n ft i^n tM foseiif nftin, UttSieii, bidb bei Kata unb 
9tfittec<^ {(^ linbe boit oui^ tin Gittc^ imftt &trnt9ixS>m ) 
bccb IDC bet Ikbt ®ott ftimn .^imtncl ^ btr btfftr, ott friiu 
Orii' iftf an^ DKUi gtlbn: unb SBiefen oca ftnb. ^f il)» 
bfltenr fefic bitlai ben liebtn t9ottf baf a jm^ in btn .^mtC 
nimmt unb auc^ mtin S&geU^n ^trtinl&ft, uni SBtibe fb 
tincn. £)u bijt ein gntct axib<^ btr litbe 3ott t^nt bti't 
eewiB tn StfaOen." 


282 X-aiTSitfn. [XIX. So&t^unbo*. 

Srt^ fafi gen -^itulr baS SadltifloIC^ aitit. %ai ftn^tti 
boS !DigtI<I)cn fang mi) aufi unb itb(§ neigte ficin Jifipf^ auf 
He Stufl, unb jebrt ftart. O, wenn (ie noil) lebten I JBenn 
tSmbtt ^^n noi% tcbte t Iboxt Ictot ite SeibCf S^^igdjcnf 
aui^ [tin 9ta<^alld)en. aSat tommt'S bem lieben (Sott auf 
tin Vlia*^ ffic dn nac^tigaUffien an ? 

auguBt jTt. tJKtns* Eanaiein 


Belongs to this chapter, I)ut Ma writings are not so 
unobjectionable as those of the authors before men- 
tioned; both the subjects and language being oiten 
coarse. Laj^obein was bom at Eadebei^, near 
Dresden, in 1757, and died at Berlin, May Slat, 
1836. His comic powers are great, and many of 
his small romances and ballada are written in ft 
graceful and pleasing style. 

2Jle SSa^tel unb (^te Ainber. 

^o(t) taalltt bai goniene aseiimftlb, 
Unb baute ber ^Sadjtil ein !Qol)ngei€U. 
CSie flog ein1l fd^i in @ef())Sft(n aati 
Unb lam crlt am Vbenb mtbtt nad) ^ui. 
Ea rief bet Sinbtdn iittembt gSdwat : 
Ud|( ^Stutttt, ton fdmxben in grofcr @efa^c I 
Sitt ^tvc bicfes ^Hba, btt farc^bon fOtaiinf 
@ing lieut rait btm @ol)n t)ict ootbci unb btgann; 
tm aBeigen tfl rdfr tie !iXal)b rauf) gef^^n, 
(Se^, bitte tie Kai^bativ i^n mragm )u mS^n. 

[.3,1. :|.,C(K>tjl>J 

a)ie Sio^frt unb i^rt JHnb«.] JUntfbtfn. 288 

l@f fafltt bit SUa^td, bonn ^t rt notf) 3eiti 
Stt^t flugS finb bie gia^batn ju iDitnften tewit 
Drauf flog fit brt folfltnbtn Soflrt au8» 
Unb tarn «it am Vbtnb micbtr na4 '^onC 
ZM cicf btr Jtinbtnn gitttmbt &t)a<a: 
Z^, fflhitttt, lotr fdjwtttn to neuer ®efa^ I 
Ett |)OT bieftS Jtlbti, btt fm#bat( gRono/ 
Sinfl ^(ut mit bem So^n ^ira norW unb bt^an: 
Uni ttefitn bit treulofcn Stac^bam im @tic^t 
®(S tinaS nun ju unfren aJtmianbttn, irab fyrit^: 
gBoOt t^tr mtinm SBotet xtift mo^Ifltmut^ ft^n* 
So ijelfet ilim morgen fein SBeijtnfetb milinl 

<©, fagfe bit SESoefettl/ bann ^t t* ntx^ 3titl 
SRi^t fluge ift bit Ei)pi)f*aft iur ^filfe btwit: 
■Drauf flofl (tt bifi folgtnben SagtB ant, 
Unb lam erfl am abtnb nriebir na(^ ^u*. 
jDa ritf bn ^nbltin iUtnmbt ®ct)aar: 
Kdv aRutttt, Mjtr fdweben m ^iiifUt IStfo^ I 
©w ^m bitfeS Selbeii bet fur^tbort SSann, 
Sing fmit mit bem So^in Ijin notbel unb begann: 
Unt licfen auci) un^ SStmanbten im @tt(i) i 
Sd) redjnt nun einjig auf bicft unb auf mi^- 
SSit nwOtni wann movBtn bit ^nt tri^n, 
Stibanbet unS riijten, ben Sffieijtn ju mS^n. 

Za, fagte bie nai)ttl, nun ift'G an ber ^tCtl 
gSadrt \6inilX eu*/ if)t Jtinber, jum Xbjug beteit) 
!Bet Stai^barn unb SkUem bie Kibtit Dtrtiautf 
£)em itriib nuc tin ®c^ in bie Suft gebaut/ 
Dm!^ untct bem Strebtn bo; eigentn ^nb 
EtMil^t ilim btt Skrte DoUti*t(er Stanb, — 

|9it a&aditel entflof) mit ben Jtleinen gef^urinb/ 
Unb &ia bie etoppeln ging 2age bxauf bet SBinb. 


884 ejbninmel. [XIX. So^unbcrt 

inocifj 9upat taon Ctiimmrl 

Was bom on tlie 27th of September, 1738, at Scbon- 
feld, near Leipzig. In 1756, he commenced the study 
of juriBpmdence at Leipzig, and waa afterwarde ap- 
pointed priTjr-councillor by the Duke of Coburg. 
In 1783, he retired from public affairs, and died on 
the 26tli of October, 1817, at Coburg. He waa a 
clever and vitty eatirist; and as a novelist and 
writer of poetical tales, may be reckoned among the 
first aentimental and humorous authors of Germany. 
Eia &me waa eatablished in 1784, by his firat mock 
heroic poem " Wilhelmine, oder der vermahlte Pe- 
dant" (married Pedant), in which he sets forth the 
ardent love of on boneat country parson, and of his 
bride who haa been brought up in the splendour of 
A court, in such a manner aa to give ua a doae in- 
sight into the cuatoms of the age. Hia greateat 
and beat work is his novel "Beite in die mittdg- 
Uoien Provitusen von Frankreich" (a Journey in 
the South of Franca). It ia doubtleaa one of the 
moat spirited and humorous of fictions, abounding 
in well-drawn characters, and clever descriptions, 
mingled with aentimental reflections, charmingly 
introduced. Thduuel understood the art of con- 
cealing delicate eatire under a mask of ease and 
elegance. "Die Inoculation der JJiebe" is a well 
written stoiy in verse. He also composed some 


Stomontifi^ @<^ul(.] ^oSmarm. 28S 

lyrical poema. But his poetical tslentB staad cer- 
tainly second to hia prose. 

VSvnst Ctieoliot ^matinui {Hoffmann 

Bom at Xonigsbeig, in 1776, became, in 1816, 
couoBellor of juatice at Berlin, where he died on 
tte 25th of June, 1822. 

The life of this eccentric geniua has been written 
by HiTziG. He combines the sentimentaUsin of 
Kleibt with the humour of Chajqsbo : Mb re- 
ferenccB to the spirit world would seem, &om their 
serious esmestnesB and impress of fear, to indicate 
a real belief in the existence of phantoms and ap- 
paritions. His "Taiet" are nerroua tmd elegant, 
and meant to convey deep meanii^. Many of them 
offer too great mental excitement for benefidal 
study by young persons. His " Qroiesqiie Pieeet" 
ore as fiintaatic aa Caxlot's paintings. 


This school owes its origin to the reaction which 
ensued upon the French revolution. The bold and 
startling dogmas of in£deHty proclaimed by the revo- 
lutionary party, drove back the popular feeling of our 
&therhaid to a more careful cherishing of the sym- 
pathies, the traditions, and the old chivalrous spirit 
of honour, and poetry, and religion, which had 


286 mamimtiiiit tt^lt. [XEX. 3a^ 

marked the da^s of the ancient " Mumeaangers." 
The time, too, had now arriTed, when a hag&r scope 
WBfl demanded by the poet for the exercise of his 
powers. This was to be gained by riewing at once 
the "ideal" and the "real," and bringing the 
former to bear its part in all the circimiBtanceB of 
the latter ; by a return, in fact, to the tastes and 
the reverential, trusting, religious feeling of the 
middle ages. 

The introduction of this new element was seen 
in the more entire banishment of the prosaic &om 
our poetry, and in the more poetical character 
given to our prose. Its effects first developed 
themselves in the critical writings of the brothers 
SoHLEQEL, followed by the works of the great and 
productive master of this school, Lddwis Ttbck. 

aiitgufit &2atlfielm bon Sicfiltgtl 

Late Professor at Bonn, was bom at Hanover, 
September 5th, 1767. His etalj childhood evi- 
denced a genuine susceptibility for every thing 
good and noble— a virtue which "grew with his 
growth." Educated at the gymnasium of his 
native city, public attention was first drawn to him 
by an oration delivered at the Lyceum of Hanover 
in his eighteenth year, on the occasion of a royal 
birthday. This speech embraced a short history of 
poetry in Germany, and was relieved and animated 


HfOd .^otttt."] SKSfl^tlm ^tiltfitX. 287 

with many judicious and Btrikiog Ulustrations from 
the earUeat Teutonic poete. 

In 1786, he went to the University of Oottingen 
with the intention of studying theology, which, 
however, he shortly abandoned for the more con- 
genial pursuit of philosophy. The propriety of 
this change he amply attested by his "E»»ajf on the 
Geogra^h/ of Homer" which displayed both an 
intelligent and a comprehensive study of this diffi- 
cult branch of classical archeology. At Gottingen 
he lived in close intimacy with BusaEB, to whose 
"Academieder tchonen Bedehwttte" he contributed 
\:aa " Ariadne" and an "Htsay on Dante." 

At the end of hia university career, he accepted 
the post of tutor to the only son of MuUmann, the 
celebrated banker of Amsterdam. In this situation 
he gained universal esteem, but after three years 
quitted it to enter upon a wider sphere of Iit«rary 
activity. On his return to his native coimtry he 
vpaa elected Professor in the trniversity of Jena. 
During his residence in this place, which may truly 
be considered the classic soil of Germanic litera- 
ture, he gained the friendship of Schiiieb and 
Goethe, whose acquaintance marks a decisive epoch 
in the formation of hia intellectual character. He 
contributed at that period largely to the "Horen" 
and to the " Miisen Almanack" and, down to 1799, 
was one of the moat fertile writers in the " AUge- 
meine IMertriur-Zeitung" of Jena. It waa there, 


288 mtQtlm Stftltith [XIX. 30^. 

oIbo, that be commenced lua wonderful tranelstion 
of Shakfpere (9 vols., Berlin, 1791—1810), whieli 
failed not to produce a salutaiy effect on the taste 
and judgment of his countrymen, and especially on 
the drama. At Jena he deEvered a course of 
lectures on sesthetics, and joined his brother Fbibik 
BicH in the editorship of the " AtheiuBtim," an 
nsthetic critical journal, intended, whilst preserving 
a rigorous but an impartial spirit of criticism, to 
discorer and foster every gr^ of true talent that 
might develope itself. It was, also, during his resi- 
dence here that he published the first edition of 
his poems, among which the religious pieces and 
the "sonnets on art" were greatly admired, and 
had many imitators. In 1802, he delivered at 
Berlin his lectures on the present state of Kterature 
and the fine arts, which were afterwards printed in 
the "Mwropa" under his brother's editorship. 
The publication, in 1803, of his " /ore," a drama in 
imitation of the ancienta, but, as a composition, 
unmarked by any peculiar display of vigour, led to 
an interesting argument between himseli^ Bbbf- 
EABDT, and SoHXLiLHGi. This discussion, which 
extended &om its original subject to Euripides and 
dramatic representation in general, was carried on 
in the " Zeitany fi^ die elegante Welt" (Journal 
for the Polite World), which Sohleoel supported 
by his advice and contribution. In this periodical 
the two brothers criticized unsparingly the Utera- 


iSabotnt be etaBL] miSb- BtbUeil. 288 

tnre of the day, and eepecially entered the lista in 
opposition to Kotzebub. 

At thia date 3oHL£a£L was engaged upon hia 
"Spuiish Theatre'." Id the ezecntion of thia 
work much was natorally demmded of one who, in 
conjunction with TreoK, had accomplished the 
master-translation of "Shak^ere;" nor did he 
disappoint the general expectation, notwithstanding 
the greater difficiiitieB which the new undertaking 
presented. SoHLEaxL has, indeed, no small claim 
upon our gratitude, for having been the first to 
make Shakgpere and Calderon widdy known and 
appreciated in Germany ; Emd hia " Blumetutrduize 
der Balienitehen, Spanitchen vnd Portugieiiaehsn 
Poetie" have furnished additional proof of his 
skill as a translator, and of the ext^it of his 
acquainttmce with European literature. 

In 1805 Madame de Stael aniTed at Berlin, and, 
desirous of acquainting herself the more thoroughly 
with Qerman literature, she selected Sohi/eoxii to 
direct her studies, confiding to him, at the aame 
time, the completion of her children's education. 
He accompanied this distinguished lady in her 
travels through Itaiy, Prance, aud Germany '. In 
the spring of 1808 he visited Vienna, and there 
read to a brilliant audience his " Vorie»wagen uber 


290 mm.&tiUit}. [XIX 30^ 

dramatiseAe Suntt vnd Literatvf" (Lectures on 
Dramatic Art and Literature'), which, when pub- 
lished, were hailed throughout Europe with marked 
approbation, and will unquestionably transmit his 
name to the latest poBterity. Sohlegel also toot 
a lively interest in the periodical entitled "Dot 
deuieckeMwteum'' edited by his brother Fbiedbich. 
He contributed to it some learned and profound dis- 
sertatioDB on the old " Jfiebehmgenl'hd." In 1812, 
when the subjugated south no longer afforded an 
asylum to the liberal-minded De Stael, he accom- 
panied that lady on a visit to Stockholm. Here he 
formed the acquaintance of tlie Crown Prince of 
Sweden, whose serrice he entered in 1813, as secre- 
tary and counsellor at head-quarters. For this 
prince he had a great regard, and estimated highly 
both his virtues as a man and his talents as a 
general. The services he rendered the Swedish 
Prince were duly appreciated, and rewarded, among 
other marks of distinction, by a patent of nobility. 
Upon the faU of Nojpoleon, he returned to Coppet 
with JSadame de Stael, and, in 1816, published a 
second volume of poems. On the death of his 
friend and patroness, in 1819, he accepted the offer 
of a professor's chair in Bonn. Lihis new position 
of academic tutor, he applied himself with peculiar 

•Ion of tbe pubUibn, we ue in i greit aeuun lidibted lai the m; 
otthis Bodtha nucwding brief mduaii. 


Vttftnt^U In Snelonb.] mOi. dctUgrl. 291 

ardour to oriental Ijteratnre, and particularly to the 
Sanscrit. As the &uit of these studies, he puh- 
lished his " Indian LUrary ' /" and even set up 
a press for printing the great Sanscrit work, the 
Bdm^aaa (Bonn, 1825). He also edited the San- 
sent text, with a Latin translation, of the Bhyavad- 
Oita, and an episode of the great T-nHinn epic, the 
MSJtahhdrata (Bonn, 1829). About this period 
his Oriental studies took him to France, and after- 
wards to En^^and, where, in London, and in the 
unirBrsity libraries of Oxford and Cambridge, and 
the East India College at Htulesbory, he corefullj 
examined the Torious collections of Oriental MSS. 
On his return, he was appointed superintendent of 
the Museum of AntiquitieB, and, in 1827, delivered 
at Berlin a course of Lectures on the Theory and 
History of the Fine Arts, " Tbrlemnyen Her die 
Oeickiekte der bildenden Kinut" (1827). These 
were followed by his Critieitmt (1S28), and his 
"Befleotiont sw t' Etude de» Langve» Asiatiques," 
in fluent French, addressed to Sir James Mack- 

WiLHELK SoHLioxL, besides being member of 
the Legion of Honour, was invested with many 
other decorations. Madame de Stael was much 
indebted to him for his assistance in her celebrated 
work " Ufl VAlhmagne." 

1 T>o toll , Benn, I9ID— Itie. 


292 msa. Blilntl [Komanttr^c ®4ul<- 

After a long career of sncceBefiil literary activity 
SoHLXeSL died at Bonn, the 12tli May, 1845. 

Bohleoel'b "Poem*" are characterized not only 
by briBiancy and purity of language, but alao by 
Tariety and richness of imagery. Among these, 
"Arion" is one of his most beaatiful ballads. "I>er 
heiUge JJuoat" (Saint Luke), the "Sannela," and the 
sublime elegy "Der Shem^' deserre especially to 
be noticed, and give him a just pre-eminence. His 
"Zectttre»" will alt abundantly repay the careful 
student: they are choice examples of criticism, 
manifesting true fSB&etical taste and elegance of 
style. His object, in the course relating to dramatic 
art, ia both to giro an historico-cridcal surrey of 
the dramatic productions of different ages and 
nations, and to develope uid determine the general 
ideas by which their true artistic value must be 
judged. This has been Burpassed, or indeed equalled, 
by no other work of the kind. In a few pages 
we reap the fruit of the labours of a whole life : 
every opinion formed by the author, every epithet 
given to the writers of whom he speaks, is beautiful, 
just, concise, and animated. It is calculated that, 
including his separate puhKcations and those con- 
tributed to periodicals, his printed works number 
one hundred and twenty-six volumes. 


Son i. JHafftr^ u. IRomontifiiiitn.] SH. AiiHtsti. 293 

SBoit bem ^(affifiijen unb Womantifcfeen tn JEunft 

unb gittctfltur. 
j^a tinfdttge Semuntxttt btc Xlttn ImmR fbttf^teiir ]u 
UfyiUf^ aUt XtriMuiiung con {t)Mn f« n{(I)t< all eiiu @rilb 
ta ntutfttn XtiUta, mHit at^timnlMf tavon fpt&c^iv i^ 
abn leinen gMgtn Segriff uittRjuUgtn nfiftm: fo mfll fc^ 
dnt QraSntng flbn Ixn ttrfptune nnb ®<tfl M 91omaiitif4m 
ju gefan oetfut^ nnb man mt^ aubami ei btc (Stbtaaii 
bet IBoiteS unb bk ^nntRinung ba 0a^ babmi^ gct:((^ti 
ftrCigt tsnb. 

iDie Silbung bn IMe^n wot MlUntett Slatuierite^ung. 
fSon ftfttnem unb tbUm ®tainmei mit ttnpfinglicljen Sfmitn 
unb Hnem ^eitem ®d^ begobt/ uiitn ttnttn milbni ^tntnelr 
Kbten unb bl&^ttn fie in coKFommner CStfunbtKit bd iDafrint/ 
unb I«|trt<n bun^ bit ftltenftt BegfinlHeung bcr UtnftAiM allrtf 
wot bet in btn SHiaaltn bn Qnblii!;teit befangent tDttnfi^ 
Mftn taxm. Si)n gefommte Jtunfl unb Voelie tft bet Xuj. 
bnid oont Smm^tin btefre .^annonie oOet JXAfte. 6tt (wbnt 
He 9<*efft btt Sfreube erfonntn. 

8^ {Religion Rur fiieigfttterang bet StatutCrSfte unb be« 
itbircijen itbrai i abn Uefer !Oienfl> bet bti unbent SiOem bie 
$^nta|te mit fi^u^U^ SBilbem verb&ltettef unb bat >^ 
iui QSraufnmlett abt)&tteter geftalttle fici) ^ gtofr mtrbie unb 
milbe. 2Jet Kbtcgloube/ fimp btt Z^rann btt mtnfAIii^ 3tn> 
logen/ fc^ gu beten ^reitfter Sntuiidtlune Me >^nb bitten |u 
ncDtn: et ^gtt bit Aunfti bit i^ fi^iicttef unb aul 36^'" 
mitben Sbtalt; 

Vtitinr urit meit bit Stitdien auc^ im SS^fintn unb fetbp im 


294 TO. ^liltttt [«onb.jnafltf4enu.8tomantifi^n 

®it(lii%(n gebit^iK f" ttniwn wit t^ SSiftung i»4 (ritwn 
tiElictm S^rattn jogeflt^tni atl btn cinn eelAutectcm Mts 
tbttttn €Slnnltd)(dt. Qs un^bfit ^i baf bieS im (Sanjen unb 
@a>fm ^awmmtn anUa mu^. Siniflne S^nunani bet ^^ia= 
foptmif !B(i^ bet bt(^tnifd)en Stetiftmuig mac^n tine JLub 
na1}mt. iE>tt aXenfd) tann fii^ nie gan) Dont Unenblid^ 
abwenbtn, dnjelnt Mrtomt eriniwnuiani roorbtn MB b« tra= 
gebiiftnt ^rimot^ ieugenr aba ri tonratt auf bie ^enf<^bc 
SiUltung fnncr Scfbctbttngcn an. 

2Mt SteligiiHi iff bie aBursel bei intnfi^Ii(i)tTi iOafeinL jffiicc 
tS bent SKenfc^ mtglitfi/ aUc Steltgioiv aui) bie unbmuftt 
unb unnnllUiIit^ )U writupen/ fo mftrtc tr ganj CbcrflAdic 
merbni/ unb (tin Snnrrrt w&r babtL SBenn bitfej Sentnmt 
ixtx&tt milt/ fo mu(i fic^ folglit^ banMi^ bit gefanunb 8Bitt> 
roinbit bet @emfttf|fc> unb @d^ti:lftt anbarS beftimnicn. 

Unb birt ifl btnn oui^ im ntutm Suropa burd) bit SinfJUs 
ntng US Sbi^jltntliunie fltfdx^n. iCitfe tbtn fo eif)abaie aI4 
tw^ltifiliee Slleligion Ijaf bie etf46pfte unb txi^imtene aitt Belt 
wiebtraeboren, (it iH bat tenlenbe ^Jrinjip in bet @tfd)i^ bet 
nraetn SUtet genrartcnr unb nod) je^tf ba Dielt i^ax QT)iel)uiig 
entoo^en ju ftin mifinenf nttbtn fk in btt Knfii^ oUec 
menfi^Iidini Singe loeit mefn: bnn^ btctn Sinfluf bcftiintat, 
alt fit felbft roifien. 

9Ud)fl bem etiriftent^um i|t bie ffiObung Suropa'* feit ban 
Xnfange btt 3XitteIalttte burd) bit etrmanifi:^ etommairt bet 
norbtft^n Sioberetf wiUtf in tin au^totteM aXtnfdKnets 
fi^It^t ntut eebentngune biad)ttnf tntfi^btn nwcbcn. SMt 
9axt%e Slato be* 9lotbtng bringt ben SKenf^en mtfyc in fl^ 
ftlbft iut^, unb mag ber f))ielenben« fnien Qntfattung bet 


inAimpttnbSUnatitr.] aRfCEi. dtJbUSet. 295 

6imH tnt}ogen wirt/ mu0 b« tbicn Sniagen btm Snifl btt 
(Sttnfit^t ]u iSatt loinmnu jDa^ bit bubnt ^t^lH^i 
tMintt bit altbeutf<^n JBSlIreff^^ txiC Q^ftenttiiiin oufc 
nafitnciir fo ba$ M ntegtnbt \o tief fn'i Srawrt otbningnt ifb 
fid) fo fciftiertvMfam bmilftt rnib mtt oIIri mtnfc^Ui^ (Sec 
^Icn vnwebt tut 

UUI ttm raufinv obei: tnuen <^lbennmt^ bn lucbf^n 
Srcbttn tntftonb bwc^ Stimil^^ung (^|tii(^ Skfiniiunsni 
txiC atittnttnunr btfiim Smcil batfn tw^anbr bk Utbnng btr 
Soffen buir4 ^tOifl yiaifita (StWAt eoi icbem rof)tn unb 
ntebifgtn 3SiSl>tau4 bet (Snoolt ju bcitM^eiif niorin fit fo 

3u bn nttfrlic^ 2uecnb gcTeEtK iic^ tin ntucr unb fSttt 
fomntt ®elft b« SUbCr alS dun begefftcTtcn ^utbisung f&e 
td^ fiSribli^tnt/ bit nun- nfE ali bn Sipfel bn aScnfc^^ 
MTt^ uxitbcr unb untet bem Silbe iungftSuIiifin: SSfttttrtfi^ 
bit Mn bet SteGgion fdbfl aufsefhllt« attt .^erjfn baB @efKint< 
nifi ttinec Eitte o^nen lieS. 

iDa ba« e^dfttnt^um |!d) nt(t)t lote btr ^etbntft^ ®ottMbien|t 
mit aaoiffen iuitm Eetfluneen MgnAab, fcnbem ben ganjcn 
innmi SBmft^ mit IHncn letftften fibpnetn in Xnfpnu!^ 
no^m, fo ttmti fid) bol Scfiifir bet liWi^tn ®tIb|Unbigf(it in 
boa (Strict bet Stm ^inilbn i glnt^am ebui; mlttt^en S!itttft> 
ttfitt neben bn itUditfnti bie fid) # fm Mcbcrfinuc^ mit 
bitftr beljauptrff, abnr iin: btnnwf) in fofetn wmwnM »ar, baf 
fit ntcmoU bie golden bcn^ntt^' fi^nbtm unbcbtngt @ninbf&^ 
beg ^nbtlnt f^na^U, <M ^ImlmMSaiitl^tUtTi Abn aOt 
Untnfut^ng gtfibelnbtr Stmunft ntjatot. 

Kfttnt^umr Siebe unb (Slitt finb xiiift bev Sbligion fttbft bie 


296 W.. Itfj&Itgel. [iBoit b. AhtfTtf^rn u. 9bmm^im 

@cgaifUbbe bn Kattnporlu, mdt^ fid; tm SStttelatttr in nit: 
glaubKc^ SAnt Kgofii unb Hiur mt^ t&ifUtnTi^ SQbung 
bf« romantifi^ @ei^ votangiiie. IDitft 3til ^ttc aiui) i^ 
3]ti)tt)oIoeur aid SittCtrfabchi unb eeecnbtn btfk^ntbf oltem 
itnr Kunbtrbonfl tmb f^ >{wn)ilmn« mot btm bcr oltm ax&s 
t^logie gait) eirtgtamatft^ 

@in{0( XXntet/ bft SbTigniS bit eigent^&nttdjlnt bn noimi 
tbtn fo bts«if(n tmb abltiUn ule toirr I^ibtn bat ffitfrn bn 
norbif(f)Cn ^lotftt in bie fSXekmifyilit gtftfet' unbf ge^iiio vcc 
fhuiboif ^bcn nit nii^ ^gtgtn tingunxnbcn. 

Sei ben @dc^ war bte nicnfc^i^ Katur fetbftfltniiafant, 
fie a^ntt fcinen SXangd/ unb ftrcbte nad) (einnr anbern Solb 
lonunntt)eit( alt bit fte aHit&ii btuc^ i^R tigtiun At&fU tc 
ret^tn tonntr. @int ^i^ HBtti^ tcljrt uni, bit aJttnfdj^ 
^bt burd) tint grofe Striming bict^ urfipt&ielii^ btftinuntt 
SSttQt tingtb^ltf unb bit ganje Stf Mm in nn s iln^* frbffd^n 
XJaTeini frif bafjin iui(id}tifiireb(n/ wMfS fit icbo4^ fi^ ft[b|t 
AbttlafTeni nii^t Mxni6gt. Sent finn(i<^ Steligfon mtSU nor 
Auftrtf Mtg&nglic^ 0tgnung(n tmtirbtn } bit UnftttbIid)lRt> 
in roftm )ie gt^laubt uinrbe, ^onb in bmiUa ^ant xm tin 
®c^attni, tin atgiftifcoiiiUt Ztaim bitft« nu^, fitiltn 
etbtnetagte. 3n fcer 4npd)tn Xnftt^ (at fid) oUtt tnnets 
tOjct : bit Xnff^uune beS Untnbltd)tn Iiot ba« enblii^ vtxs 
niijM i baS Stbtn ifl gut; ®d)atttniptlt nnb )Ui; 9taSst go 
nwcbcni nnb reft ienftite gefit btr tnsigt Zaq btt nxftnnit^ 
ZMfring <nif. Sine foId)t Sitttgion mu0 bit Xf)nnng, bit in 
aCItn gtfCltitoolXtn ^ttitn fi^Iummtrti junt beutlidjm SStanfb 
[tin UKcCtHf baf ait nod) tinec ^itt nntrrtid)bactn SCiUCftligltit 
pcaifttn, baf Idn JUifiti:ti: Stgtnflanb jtm^ unfix euit trnt 


inXtmjtunbeitnatuc.] VHOJi. ftcIiUstl. 297 

bA* trftofn ftnnnif bap atbr SStnuf eint flMjriflt aiufi^g 
fft ttnb roam nun life Seek, gWdfifam unUt ben ilraBtto 
rodbtn bee Strbannung nt^b f^r Betlangen nact) btr fcemb 
gmorbntn <&eiinall) auiol^mtti nai anbect fann b« Sninb* 
ten i^ Sieber fttn aU Sdnvennut^? 60 ift et benn aui^: 
bte y«fie bet OTen war bit btS Sejtfte*, bie unfrige ift bit ber 
SS<^n|lid)ti itne fb^t feft auf btm Bobtn ber Segemvartf 
bieft toitet fii^ |ni[fd)en Qrinnttung unb X^nung. Stan mips 
wifh^ bieS nidf, M ob aHei in einfinnigc AEogc bei:: 
^tfcRf unb Ue SRebinc^lic fI4 imtaa wclattt ougrpredfen 
mfipte. ffitt in bee (eiten) tOeltanfid)! ber ®iie(^ bit ^be 
^ragWe bennod) miffiS) roaxi fa (ann aui% bit out bar tbcn 
gcfc^ilbeiten entfpnmgene iomantifd)e ¥oe(tt aUt StimmungtR 
He gitc ftt^Ii<i)|kn buci^^Hf aber fit roirb immtr in dncm 
nomenloFen SCroat ^fixttn Hjia Ctxutit an {id; trogen. X)at 
SlefA^t ift im Stanjen bti ben SInitren inniger, bit $>tKmta|it 
unttrperli^i bti @ebanfe befi^uUctjeT gtnorben. gctiKd) 
tauftn in btr 9Iatu[ bie QSrtnjm in tlnanbetf unb bit Dingt 
fiiieiben (id) nidjt (d ftangt) ol* man et t^un mufii urn eintn 
BtBriff fellju^olten, 

DaB griei!;{(i^ Sbeal bra 9Stnfd)f)eit war eoITEomment Sin^ 
Iradit unb Sbenmaf aQer Jtr&fttf nottoii^ '^mtonit. iDit 
9ItueTen ^inetgen finb gum Setntptfein ber innem Sntjueiung 
gefommeHf nxldjc tin folc^ 3beal unmtglid) macl)t) bal)et ifl 
boi Streben i^ei ^otfiti bitfe beiben fiktten< jwifi^ btnen 
nir uni gttfKat fil^Ien> bit gtiftlgt unb ^nnli^Cf mit einonbei: 
au^u|tf)Mn< unb unanfl)ii:Ui^ ju Mcfdimeljen. X>it ftnnUi^ 
QinbraA follen bucd; i^c ge^eimnifDCOee JBibibniS mit ^t^n 
QI«f&l)len flleid)fam ge^igt njerbtn/ ber ®ri|t ^ingegen will 

tilH'flik'- f- ; 

298 nafljb. ^tiltitl [9tamantif[f)( ed)Ul& 

frinc Xtmungen cber unncnnboctn XnTdiauunyn Mm ItiKnbs 
li<f)«i in ber (innlidwn ffirfdjrinung finnbiaiH nwbnrltgtn. 

3n btt gtudiirdKn JCunft unb ^|te ifl urf^ttingliciifj 6m 
uu^t^'t Sin^eit ber gonn unb b<£ SStcfft^i in bet neumif 
fofem (i( U/rtm eigent^ilmlicljen ©eifte trm geblieben/ luirb 
inni^e JDur^btingung btiber ali jineiec Qnteesengefe^tcn gb 
fudit 3ene fiat i^t Kufgabe bit jur SQoHenbung e<[£ct i birfe 
!ann i^vem @Cn6en ia't llnenblii^ ^in nur bind) Vnni^cnms 
@en^e leiftenr unb ift iwgen eineS eemiflicn S!d)eitiS ccn UnvdU 
enbimg um fo e^r in Oefa^r txrfannt ju OKtben. 

^j^od^aufenb rang mit $rleu6 ®o^n Sfomanber/ 
£Mr -fKlb muf fitetin bie Sc^ltngen ftintt SIuttKn } 
itxxf) i&^men balb ben SSCrom bei ^ueri (SMI)(t\, 
2M eignen f&ttti imnnU'stn Salomanbei. 

ITpbnui lub in bie fntblidjen SRdanberf 
Kuf beren Spiegel !0tittae^d)att(n ru^n t 
^d) mitten in bem fAf en fSab tunflut^ 
iDefl SCobeS ®^u'i: ben graven Weranber. 

(Ein Ql^nb ^er) jagt niift beint nnlben 9taufd)en 
geinbfeligen ©efdiirtfo unb itrirb (it^ fatten/ 
@<^9' Qberm '^aupt bie SBelT t^m auii jufommen. 

Sti) in bei IBoKuft U^lem 6<t)oo^ laufi^ 
©elKimet ®raiifen/ b&ngli^el Srtoltenf 
Unb Uift^n ber Segeijlrung mut^'ge glammen. 


XJX. 2<m-l J*. AiiUatt 299 

U. CH. dFttriilic) iwn Sb^leatl 


"The £umlj of the SoHLEGBts," e&ja Mr. Bo- 
berteon ', " seems to have been peculiar!; fiivoured 
hy the MuaeB." Elias Schleoel, a membc^ of 
this family, was, aa we have seen in a former part ", a 
celebrated dramatic writer in his own time. Aj)olpb 
SOHLxeEL, the father of the before-namedWiLHELU 
ScHLEOEii, and of Fkiedsioh, the author now 
nnder notice, waa a miniBter of the Luthemi 
church, and highly distingiuBhed as a theologian. 

Eabl ^ilhelm Fbiehbtch tok Schleoel 
was bom at Hanover, on the 10th of March, 1772. 
He studied at Gottingen and Leipzig, and after- 
wards rejoined hie brother, and became associated 
with him la his literaiy labours. He has himself 
given us an interesting picture of his own mind at 
this early period. "In my first youth," says he, 
" &om the age of seventeen and upwards the 
writings of Plato, the Greek tragedians, and 
WiNckelmank's enthusiastic works, formed the 
intellectual world in which I lived. 

" In the year 1789, I was enabled for the first 
time to gratify my inclination in that capital so 
highly refined byart— Dresden; and I was as much 
Burprised aa delighted to see really before me those 

K. W. F. T. ScaLISEL'l ' 

' B» Vol. I, pagf IJO. 


300 jPr. ^tiiltstl [Stemantifc^ gk^te. 

antique figures of gods I had so long pictured to 

my imaginatla&." 

FsiEnBicH ScELEOEL Commenced bis literary 
career in 1794, with a short " ^ssag on the Di^erent 
Schoolg of Greei PoetryJ" It is curious to vatch 
in this little piece the buddingB of his mind. " Here 
we see," justly remarks Mr. Bobertson, " the first 
germ of the great work on ancient and modem 
literature, which he published nearly twenty years 
afterwards. We are aetonished to find in a youth 
of twenty-two an erudition bo eitensive — an ac- 
quiuntance not only with the more celebrated poets 
and philosophers of micient Clreece, but also with 
the obscure recondite Alexandrian poets, known to 
comparatively few scholars even of maturer age. 
We admire, too, the clearness of analytical ttr- 
rangement, the admirable method of claaBiflea- 
tion, in which the author and his brother hare 
ever excelled." 

As this essay, by its delicacy of observation, and 
the originality of its views, gives promise of a distin- 
guished critic ; BO two treatises, which the author 
wrote in the succeeding years, 1795 — 1796, the 
one entitled "Diotima" treating of the con- 
dition of the jemale sex in ancient (Greece, the 
other, &" Parallel hetween Cmsar and Alexander " 
not published, however, till twenty-six years after- 
wards ; both showed the dawnings of great historical 


XIX. Sa^tft.] gv. btW%*\- 801 

In the jear 1800, ScHiEail. produced his im- 
portant work " Qetckicite der Foesie der Qrieehen 
und Homer " (History of the Poetry of the Greeks 
and Eotnana). In the Brat chapter of the hiatory 
of 'Greek' poetry, ScHLSeXL tweaks of the re* 
ligious rites and mystenes of the primitive Greeks, 
and of the Orphic poetry to which they gave 
rise. He assigns their origin to the age of Hesiod. 
Enthusiasm (he says) is the characteristic of the 
"Orphic" poetry, repose that of the "Homeric" 

He next gives an interesting account of the state 
of society ia Greece in the age oS Homer, ae well as 
in the one preceding, and shows, by a long process 
of inductive evidence, how the Homeric poetry 
was the crown and perfection of a long series of 
bardic poems. 

ScHLE&EL now resolved to pursue a course of 
study in the Sanscrit tongue ; he therefore pepMPed, 
in 1802, to Paris, which had long been celebrated 
for its professors of the Oriental languages, and 
where the national library presented to the scholar's 
hand inexhaustible stores of wealth. 

During hia abode in IVsnce, he addresBed to a 
friend in Germany a series of beautiful " Letters on 
Christian Famtuig" the result of a close and enthu- 
siastic exploration of the pictorial treasures of a large 
part of Europe, which were then concentrated in the 
French capital ; and it must be acknowledged that 


802 ^t.AtiUttt ISbmam^e^. 

the difltmctive qa&litiee of the great masters, as tbejr 
Boccessivel^ come under review, are analjBed with 
incomparable skill, and Bet forth with channing dic- 
tion. We would recommend them to the particular 
attention of all artistB and admirers of art. These 
Letters were followed bj otherB equally admirable 
on Chtiie Jrehitectwe, where the characteristic 
qualities of the different epochs In the civU and 
ecdesiastieal architecture of the middle ages are 
discussed with the same masterly and discrimi- 
nating powers. 

It was on his return from France in the year 
1808, in the ancient city of Cologne, that his strong 
predilections for the medinral and the catholic in 
literature, resulted in his conversion to the com- 
munion of the Bomish church, a step which Beriously 
affected his popularity and uaefolnesB. In the year 
1810, he deliTered at Vienna a couTBe of lectures 
on " Modem SUtory." It embodied in a systematic 
form the views wd opinions contained in a variety 
of the author's earlier historical CBBays. Fbiedbich 
ScHLEOEL was engaged with Ttece, Xovalib, and 
his brother, in the conduct of the literary journal 
" Athenavm," and afberwarda Buccesaively edited 
political and philosophical journals, such as the 
"Suropa," the " Qerman Museum," and lastly the 
"Chneordia;" giving also his Bealous support to 
the " WieTier JahrbUcker" (Vienna Quarterly Be- 


XIX. 3a^^] df r. ^rilejet 808 

In the Bpring of the year 1812 were delivered at 
Vienna the lectures known as the " Qetchichte der 
alien midneuen lAteratw" (EiBtory of ancient and 
modem Literature). This work has justly been 
characterized as "a great national poascBfiion," 
and it has been tTanelated into sereral European 

Literature ia here treated upon not merely in 
reference to art, but in relation to the influence 
which it hae ezenrieed on the destinies of mankind, 
and to the various modiflcationa which religion, the 
government, the laws, the mannen, and habits of 
different nations have caused it to undergo. The 
inteUectuBl productions of every age and country, 
the primitive oriental world, daesical antiquity, the 
middle ages, and modem times, pass under review, 
and receive each the same impartial attention, the 
same just appreciation, the same masterly charac- 
terization. The whcde is a work of considerable 
value, and full of beauties. We would particularly 
call the attention of our readers who peruse this 
work to the several critiques on Homer, Lncretiua, 
Dante, Calderon, and Cervantes. Every page in 
the work bears the stamp of long and diligent in* 
quiry, and original investigation. Its style too, for 
richness and copiousness of expression, and for its 
hairmonious fblneas, leaves little to be desired. 

"With this" History "ScHLEGEL closed his career 
as a critic. He now devoted htmself with exclusive 


S04 dTr. ^tfHtitt [Sbmantift^ ek^te. 

ardour to the graver concerns of politica and 

In 1809, he became aecretary to the Archdvike 
Chaxles, and, in 1814, to Prince Mettebnich ; 
about whicb time the emperor rewarded hia serricea 
by letters of nobility. 

For several yeara after the peace of 1814, 
SoHLE&EL was one of the repreeentatiTea of the 
court of Yieuna at the diet of Frankfort. In the 
year 1818, he returned to Yienna, and resumed 
Ub literary occupationa with renewed zeat. He 
wrote the following year in the " Wiener Jahr- 
iiieher" a masterly review of M. Ehode'b work on 
" primitive Sittory" which forma in itself one of 
the most admirable commentaries extant on the 
eleven chaptera of the book of Gleneais '. 

In 1S20 he established, in conjunction with his 
illustrious friend, Adam MiIllss, and others, the 
religious and political journal " Concordia." In this 
journal ScaLBUBL'a articles, entitled " Characteria- 
tics of the A^e,"{oFia& most elaborate sketch of the 
state and prospects of the principal European coun- 
tries. For a brief analysis of the political principles 
here advocated, we would refer the reader to Mr. 
Bobertsou's fuller Memoir, In 1827, he delivered 
at Vienna a course of lectures on the Philosophy of 
Life {Philosophie de» Lebont). This waa imme- 
diately followed by the "PhiUmphieder QetchiclUe" 

1 Sm Vinnilliiti S< A. Vid. Z. pigs 1B7. 


SIX. SaWunbwt] dfr- fttJItBtl. 80S 

(Philoaophy of History), two works which may 
rank amongst his moat successfiil liteTsay efforts. 
Towards the close of the year 1828 Schleqxl re- 
paired to Dresden; and ia that city, where the 
torch of hia early enthusiasm had been first kindled, 
he was now to witness its final extiaction. He 
delivered here, before a numerous and distinguished 
auditory, nine lectures on the " I'hilosophie der 
^prache" (Philosophy of Ltmguage), a work more 
metaphysical than the preceding. In this last 
labour the author sustiuned hia flight with untiring 
wing through the sublimest regions of philosophy. 
SoHLEOEL breathed his last on Sunday, the 11th of 
January, 1829. 

Fbiedbich Schleqel's wife, one of the most 
intellectual women of the time, who accompanied 
her hofiband in his secession to the Bomiah Church, 
was A daughter of the celebrated Jewish philoso- 
pher, Mebdelssohit. She is known to the literary 
world by her German translation of " Cormne." 

The poetry of FsiEnBicH Schlegel, without 
making pretension to anything of a rery high order, 
is rem^kable for a chaste classical diction, great 
harmony, and flexibility of versification, and, at 
times, a depth and tendem^a of feeling. What 
spirit and fire in hia lines on Mahommed's flight 
&om Mecca! "What a noble burst of nationtdity 
in bis address " Zum Bheine !" How touching the 
verses to the memory of his much-loved friend 

TOL. n. I 


306 ifv. drjbUset [StomantifdK @^(e. 

NoTAiis, that sweet flower of poesy and philo- 
Bophy, cut off in its early bloom! And in the 
sonnet entitled "I'eace," 1806, what lessons of 
exalted wiadom are given to the men of onr time ! 

The longer poem, entitled " Hereulet Miuagetet" 
is among the most admired of the author's pieces. 

Friedbioh Sc^leoel's complete works are 
comprised in fifteen volnmes, published at Vienna. 

6^aM(teci|ii( beS neuen Seflammtg. 
iQit ©riedden finb unb bldben unftr fSotbili in atttt £unft 
unb SiftnT^aftf bit fHimK bogegtn Hlbtn nut tvn Ibbeigone 
{nifi;^ bem XUot^um unb in ntucn Siclti bo4 so^n ^ 
bent SBitltlalter tugbid) aui) ais n&d)|b tXmUt, bit Itnet 
^b^at unb tntfontert S!eit)ilb tift ^fittt mieber gefunbtn 
uucb. t>at noTbifdjc 9tatutsefiif)li fo wit ti fitt) eineSttKilS iu 
ber alten SogCf bic ^iO)^ im €^i(t«nt^um btieb unb mn; in 
neun S»nv ttrfebcr aufn^nbi unb anbmitfinU in bn @nmias 
nifdf|«n ettienSeinn(i()tuns jmitfai^ etgol, mutbe bie SBuritlr out 
ntl^cc boC iStfMt bti ntuen @cifltS bet abtnbIdnbifiI)CR 
ffifilfn entpoTwiu^. iDoe S^fbnt^um aUxi nic^t blof on 
^(t)> fonbeni aucf) in frinn f(!^fllid)cn "Xbfafimsi obcr ba$ 
SDangelium ift bat Sid)t oon oben gmieftn/ bucd) ictldjee jnit 
anbun Skmtntc neu nnH&rt nnb aui^.Fiit bit Annit unb 
SSiflen(i^p (n Sing ge|taUet nwttn finb. ^Sir mflfTen l)itr 
beS ntuen StftamtntS um fo mt^r gtbenfni/ ba b« literari(£f)( 
l^fluf bttfictbcn fdi: bat asitceltiltti; unb felbft fihr bit ncurrt 
3eit bucd) Sn^alt unb gorm nid)t bCof in bee SHorat unb y^° 
l«fop^i«> fbnbnn aui) in bee Jlunjt unb ¥«fit unbetet^nbor 


efioniftnilta M 9t Z^mtnii.'] Jh*- Acj&Itjjtl. 307 

gnS geUKten ift 3Dui:^ bitfei aittUt^ Ei^ )wn oiwnr ml^6 
bai Swingelium in fdncr Sinfalt unb £(ai:^ in bit Stit ges 
br<]# t)at, wtrb bn tib|llnifi!()e SBnffanb onb p^ilofcp^i^ 
edxicfltnn bee (Sticd^en, bet )>iattif(^ SSStUMtftonb ber 9Umn 
unb bet proplutif^ aCitfttnn bet ^btfirr etft ju eintm edt 
ItSnbieen (Sanjm nw^afCn Stmu^tuna unb Sinfit^ ffte bal 
eebtn Bii( fflt bit ffiifiinfciaft oottenbet urO) btfuWonen- ©« 
Sibelf ivel{^ wit na(^ ifittt inntni Sttuttut nnb betn otganb 
fd)en Sufammentianfl *« einjtteai fflUebn: ui* Sljeite betfeCwn 
aU Sin @elitlbe unb gtttU^eS Sanget f(f)iin oben, fo u>eit bet 
■Exbtiifi!^ lCntI)eiI btflelben teit^ ju betto^en fui^tenf nrirb 
aU fcIdKC onb dU Sfn Sti^ oo^^ft unb u6I[is trft butd) 
bo* neue SCeflament volbi^t. Sin SBlUiii wte cl in ^a^t^ 
gmannt nvtben muSr obnw^l tintnbetbatet SBeift aui j»dunb> 
^benjig etnjelnen S^d^r flmfmaX ncun be£ olteni bteiroal 
neun beS neuen SSunbeir aU (ben fo oielen SebnXgliebetn unb 
©eiftttoganen oba au<^ @laubenifltnKn unb iii^unlttn beg 
ganjcn ®otte«etbi(beg btfk^enb. 

&i ift aui^ bai neue Sejbunent niie ba£ alter in einigen bet 
boju ge^&rigtn SS&i)a junic^ auf bat ewige ffiott btS £ebent/ 
in anbetn auf bie gittlidie Slaubenigemetnbe ui^ JHt^e fle= 
ri(>)ttt unb ft(^ begie^ienb. Senet @e^dntnif bet Siebef wit bag 
enrige SSott jur beftimmttn 3eit in bet fOHtte bet nxU^|btifc^ 
Sntoidtung ipetfinlit^ genvtben u>^ auf fiibcn etfc^itnen i|^ 
fi^Ibett bat CEoongeaum in einem cierfac^ Ubbiudf nai^ bet 
gUid)en iBietjaljl, in ukIi^ auc^ int oUtn Sunbe ble Q^erubim 
on ber Hv^ bat ©e^einnif bet !8ett)et0ung bcnrat^n, obet 
nne bie Diet eebeng|lttme out einei Eluelle im fotobtefc ^ 
(tgoflen, unb nrfe ffir jebe Offenbarung bet gitttii^n ^ttliil)e 


308 JV. fitiUqtl. [Stotnontift^ Settle. 

fcit Utf<e iUin^t noi^ oOtn aBtltQcgenbni unb iE>{Dicnfian«i 
t^a ttddtbann Votbcntiing bU mfenfltc^ gi"^ ^'il^ i<> ^f 
man n>al}rlt(^ Mitt bietcnifltn erjlaunen unb m mo^t tounbcm 
muPr xotUlft fic^ in blefe fo ^t^ natArlidK unb fomn anbtrt 
bentban SUtfadi^ bd SoangeUnmS nft^t ftnbcn (hnunr ober 
gat rincn Snftof baton ne^nv ben fit n<i( rin ftltfomtt 
^blem in t^ gnt)6^nli(i^n SBtifie bind) itrgcnb tint fc^otfa 
finnigt .^^ptt^tft I6ftn unb notfitQi^ titlben mAii^ttn. 9Ba< 
Im USoftS unb in btn ^ffltmtn noi^ sttttTod t|t, nimlii^ bit 
Dfftnbonine, bit bitblid^t @tf(I)id)tt unb bilblid)t £((tt vom 
iSottt onb bit aStsttflraung unb ba£ lebtnbigt ®t^I btftlbaif 
bai iff im CEoanetUo Mttint btifammen/ ikI^ unfl bat mmfd): 
gtnwtbtne Sott in fcintm Stbtn f(i)tlbtiL ZHc fibdgtn S&ifa 
btS ntutn 3:t|lanientl abtr stl)tn jun&c^ff auf Ut S^fHniie 
@cm«nbt unb sitltti!^ JHrd)tf inbtm fit unB bit ttflt (Sribn 
bung unb'Drbnung bttftlbtn in bar qioflolifii^ ®ef(^tt bf 
fii^Kv bann i^t gfgtnfeitigie ffiirten unb WtdnttS 8tbtn in 
litbtcoUtr Ctfiie unb gt&ubiget .^offTiune in btm gani«i Sqlini 
btr mannigfat^^ Spifitin fc^Ubtntr unb tnblit^ aai) xieit bit 
tiJnftigtn ^idii^aU betfttbtn/ burd) allt jltittn i^ttt ftmttn 
Snttoultung, in btt Xpolatppft ^infttOtn. SSai in ben ^ttf 
p^ten bet alttn S3unbtl nix^ ungefanbttt btiftunmtn ffb bit 
^eilbtingtnbt 8t^ auS bent @ei^ unb .bit tDocntnbtn (S^i^tt 
Ui @eifiee, bie ftatt eebtntvotf^nft unb bit wt^t SBeiffos 
gung/ baS i^ ^ in ben Spifttln unb in bet KpofaippT' o^* 
fonbett tntfatttb nit fic^ Abetliaupt bit ®^fttn btt atttn ui^ 
bee ntutn EBnnbee ^bttaU tiufptef^ unb gegenfeitig ttg&nien. 
Z)tt ^op^ bee ntutn £Sunbte niad)t btn ooSIUnbigtn ^Ufa^ 
ffir bafi ganjt @i)tttjnitt{> unb bltfei ge^imnifooOt Bixi^ bti 


S^ralteti^ M 9t. Sc|lanHntt] ffv. ^^Ufftl. 909 

Sutun^ Wbtt lutifi bcr 3t>u(iB oia bei Dtfcnbantng M Um 
fangj bte anb« ^nbf)abe ffic die ^ise ViTijt bet eiidft, in 
bam UmfrtU iat Butfad^e goanacltuin ben listen 3Sittctpun!t 
txt Santen biUitt, ju ohIi^ aber Kitfang unb Qnbc ben 
ciscntli^n Sc^ilfltl be« tltfnxn @{nnt ent^ttenf fo bof » mm 
btefc briben i^nt^aben btt often unb Itfetm jBo^tS bn jBibct 
mi) gang frcmb ottr oiUtg bnnfel iv&rcnr Ttln Utt^ Utba 
smAct^Itfli unb in nbU^n Ummffen^ IKafd^iwtgen foIIte> 
aw Don rinem nii(|'nif(i)aftliil^n Snr^bitV ba Offtntoung in 
V}ttm ®anj«n bit 8Ube ift. 

3n gonn unb Sh^cnbact in bai nrae a^effammt alkrbiiisl 
ungbii^ rinfad^ alt bat alti> unb fi^n bun% Utft neen^Anx 
liil^ eSpcai^ bn Sinfalt, in ukIi^ bcr g6tt(id)c Siefiinn ftC^ 
(lite in crinfto J£inbeSBat^ au^pTit^ti ift bat icunbetcoltt 
ScOtbuc^ nie man tt nw^ in sntripm SSinnc nennen ixaf, 
son bcm nitfd)icbenfttn QtnfluS gnveftn fib bit ganjt %ciffm' 
ni^ btt nat^^tri^cn OtiflettnturicBund nnb oOtr ntutm ifofie 
U<^ Selt^nmeSc unb Ziac|b(lun0tfarnuii. lOtx @Aft bee 
ZOttfidt ifl fifoigtnt in neuen Stfbuntnt ni^ mfnba ooc 
Qultnib alt int alim, btfonbert ift bie ctnt befoitimt Hxt bm 
felbtn/ nxlc^ ^otabel genonnt wbA/ obnw^I fit oud^ f^ im 
otttn Stftnntentc ooctonntti ^ am monniefa^ftEn angraioi^ 
unb tnturicCelb unb btstiinbtt cei^ ti^ntUd) bit tinb(i(I)e Se^ 
act btt Quangtliumt. IBenn btt Sfvuii bit notjidi^c 9')nn 
ift fAt itsli(^ gtttli<^ Of^bacuno im rinfot^ Vutbnut be* 
twietn ffioctetf oU bat nitbtcstTdiricbent Fiat* fo i^ bit 
^abel bogcgtn bit mrafijlUi^ nnb KSbUd)! SintCeibong unb 
Ont^tttine bet einfat^n gMtUifjen ett)t1ipcud)t. St ift abn 
Idne aVa&cMit obtr UnfUid) gefuc^t ZH^ttroSteotier obtc 


810 ^r. ifttjUcgrl. [SbmantiT^ QAinik. 

rinc titflumie wcborgent Slaturf^mbolit. fontcm tint auS bcni 
Sebtn unb l^tn gemi^nlidicn @i:fd)einun3en tiecgenomment 
SaneaHegDntr in twlc^ |t4 din bti: ihtSSfyt @ti|l unb bit 
cnnst ^^^1 nnt in ein 6nblii^ rinfac^S @Rtunb rinfd)Iieft. 
@C ^ au4 bit cinfai^t ^abelf fo toft |i( in btt JBibtl ange= 
twinbt unb gtbraui^t nncbr einen gan) tigtnt^fintltdten s6ctlid)tn 
SSttmpelf btr fi^ nit^t nad]bilben no(f) trtfiitfltln lift. 

ffiaTjfiglid) in bftfm finblt^n @leid)ni1Tcn unb finnbilblid)tn 
ffioRCgtfdiid^n unb ^otabtln {ft ba^ Soangelium Ib&ilb fSt 
adt fp&tecn fieetnben gtniotrbenf fo mit bitft ntebc ram bit SxaiOx 
unb !BoCTfllf)8!antmer aUtr i^fflM^ Jtunft flnwftn Itnb, jus 
nidift bcr bitbtnbcnr bann abet auc^ btr ^ocltt. 3nb(|Tcn 
bihftn uir Qbtt bftftr tinbtic^ Sinfatt im Sottirage bet ntatn 
£tflam<ntc botf) nit bit inntn St^abtn^ M gtttlif^n Sins 
ftanbtfo btc barin nftbergtttflt ift, ottltnntn obtir flberft^en. 
SBit aui btr gomigtn thMnstb&tbtr mit btr unS bit Slontmen; 
fc^rifttn Ui alten jBunbtS mt^nt^rUe tntetgintnttni im 
titflhn ftern bte tnnnn ©inns unb .fwrjtnS bod) bit fcomme 
eammtSfltjlalt tec butbenben ftitbt tmporfttlgt, fo erlitbt fi($ in 
btn ®i^fttn bt< ntutn Sui^i aui btn) btmuttjitxlltn 
SammtgntMnbt btr (inblii^ einfadjen St^tt aut^ nritbtrum bti 
MbW tm|MT, oW ^^trtfi ©innbilb btr twigtn Mnfi^uung 
Sotttt. Unb ^itr auf bitftm Stanbpunltt tiUt nun deentlii^ 
ient fcf)on obtn ennS^ntt britte unb \)Ml^ XuBlteung unb Sn 
itnntntf btt ^tiligtn Sc^ft tin, unit btm at^timnifoonen 
SecjUnbnip bcr mit ®ott ntrriniattn ®eelc« nw ti boc miigt 
JBort ftlbft if^ UKl^e fi(^ in fttnon tigntn Cit^e trfaEit unb 
Otmimmt. IDtnn altt Se^re unb Srfenntnif ocm [tbenbistn 
SBotte tann ia nac^ btc bttifad)en ®tburt btS asSortt*/ btr fits 


e^orotteri^ M ». 2tjhmtn(«.] ^v. ^t^Uitt 311 

f(Iriil)t(id)tni enngen unb bn innnlic^n in ber @«ltr oiu^ in t>er 
gleicf)tn breifa^n Sejit^ong afafU wrftanbtn unb aoA^k^fi 
twrben. 3n tcntt l)6d;^n Sitenntnffwdft ato mfrb bai 
SQort nun nii^t mtl)T nai^ eiiuni blof nunfd^Uii^ii ereftanbc 
gct^ciU tinb jnfUdt nfafitr fonbmi nricbrr ganj unb tebtnbig 
ffoaotim, m^ ti in btn lotffenbtn aU ffiort US itUnt unb 
brinflt ou4 grille brt 8ebena ^enxn. la oecfi^innbrt fobann 
imn me^ifadfie ®inn b«T @M(|rift> wii nr uuf ben trfltn ®tufen 
bcr ann&^nbcn Sifcnntnll etfonbcrt etialttn n)«rb<n mufii 
unb y^ti nac^btm bae Siel grfunben t|b f<^ bad wefentlfcijc 
mUbtr Abet in btn cinfai^n SSinn ber mit (Sett oertiniettn 
@«[(f nac^ bcm (ignen MUen fitct)tf bee lebrabigcn SBortfli 
tstlc^ in bet €^rift felbit aU bat ita^iKwbtai tmqi GEsans 
eelium btiridimt wfcb/ bmrc^ nteUieS au<f) baii wai noc^ pcAtKt 
Dafd|(o|{iEn blicbf iwnn bit 3eit gefommtn iftf tntjugtU nxi^eii 

^rm flie^ bet @eift twm Krinli^ ®cniii^(t 
2XT Xieltf no Xlbem^ttfn emfl^ft t^ntUf 
Xuf ju bet SMberjefi ^em Stegfonent 
StOfm in fi* bit ^Uiafttn ©efiifeta. 

^mwe^t itin einmal Xetlitr Idd)t unb td^le, 
60 Conn a nimmei: nnebnr unten atiimni 
Unb fiiin'O >Diib jtntn Sti^ bn Smft belo^ntn, 
£)a^ ei iid) ntu im eigntn EBilbt fik^it. 

Bit !SiM'4'' bie bi<^ f)in iUT 3){d)(funfl jie^ 
©re fro^ Smft, in ben bu ba oerfaitfefo 
Jwe fti b«in eiBfn ftill wtbotgnt* UUn j 


812 ^r. A4It2(I. [Sbnanttft^ek^ 

SKat bu geKJ^t am i^ ju trt^it^i 

)bat mufrt bur nxU bu i^c aOcin ti tKittlc^ 
£)er Siclt jutn &i^t fi^eritnb DncbcrgebflL 


^i^aS tbien fBtaOj ben ttxtStn Xltoc ^ticBbtn, 
.^cd) 'J^^antaju fn ^urpurflammtn nx^tb 
Ui* Sifta wiifl bu balb tin fflentvum f(f|«n, 
ItBo gcdn bic gnucfiuUn fit^ tnt}&nbcn } 

9urd) braune eodcn mccb ft^ fES^rt^ imnbnif 
iCtr Sttui^ mft golbntn gcAi^n mr bin (b^ 
iDEt £iabn bann in Sltuntn gu bit ecfitnf 
ORit Stop nnb imbm bi(% bit ei^wcftei: Hnbcn. — 

tft tcoi; bee otttn WlaUx gute Gitter 
iCei £5tlb«e Sinn mit einem Strii^ ju fognti 
2)ec btn Ktcorb bcr S«b<n bruntn ftliricbe j 

do mag au^ bltfrt EEcb tt Ifi^nlli^ UMgtnr 
3u beuten auf ber Cii^ng innre fBtiOt, 
3n Sacben fpidtnb am bit f£ift Uttx. 

XAt fieilige Sdcilia 

(in SSobgna; DunSIaffaclto eonjio b'Ucbino). 
^al ^crrfdtentit !iXi>t{t) in biefnn JBilbe ift boS ^inrti^bt 
®ef&^[ b« innig^ Xnbad)tr bic, tni {rbtfd)cn ^erjtn nii^ mc^ - 
Slaum fmbcnbi in ®«fSnge auibtit^; fa wit man atuf) ino^i 
auf arofen Knbrtungsbilbecn brt ^etugino XHrt in rine 
fiomnu Scsei|brung (linfi^tlitn (tt^L Kber ba ifl M tint 
fUlIt Knbac^ti mit bit fnntit^ lang gtiogenen Stnt oltet 


Sit ^i% aScOio.] ifft. jkeftUstU 818 

Jtin^ipmnen } in Stop^U Sittit ifl Mc Sqtttiung auf flSult! 
no(( beftimmtrtr unb et ift bfc ganjtj gc^dmnifrolli Sfcfe tuib 
iSunlmrfilUt bitfer inagtf<i)en Aunft/ anbeutenb, ^irc mtfaltrt. 
iDa, tieffinnia in fii^ oetfunlentr ^laxOui, mil btm gnvaltigni 
6<ii)nxtf JVE ttnttOf trimurt tuiB an ienc aUt £raft btr SRec 
lobini/ twl^ 3^{t« bcii^mfii nnb ^tlitn bmtym texmtt, aba 
ben 3Xenfd)nt|tnn lattiftni btn @eifl unb bie €ieelt bun^ 
fdnwibenb. XHc fiannonifi^ ^^ ber gtgeniUxrlk^btn 
SXagbateno/ bntn tuCttttbttt 6^n^ in Htti nai) btm fBt= 
fc^nra gewanbtciu ®e|tcI)^Agen tec btHbnn 3ilabonna aufi 
foltenb i^nli^ ift/ orinnat uni on ben liolbcn Sintlang bcir in 
oofSRt Scieben btfeligtcnj ®eiiteir ukIi^ in ben dauberttntn 
bet ii^i^ 9Kit|^ jnur fifoi^i boi^ ahn nwf) wmelfnilid) 
wtbeiflingt IMe Stele betr In ber ^SStittt fle^nben/ tobpreio 
fenben QStilia ergieft H in einen eira^I geiabt auftpjlru, 
ber ooBUkte 3on bem ^immlifdten Eidite entgegen. 2)utc^ bie 
bdbtn onbern Slcbenflgucenf wtVijt ben EFlonm {nnfi^ ienen 
brei >&auptf[0Ut:cn auBfiUEenf ninbet fid^ baS ISanje )um twllen/ 
ununterbroi^nen Qtwt. IDet Hnbli^ £tei* ber Cleintnr gonj 
oben in Sofloi fc^benbcni Qneelein f|t gleltiifam bet; ^fmms 
lifi^ SStbeifi^ in^ 9taii(lIiaU M CP^^ S^. iDet Rare 
nccgcimb imb bie Mirfi^benenr {erfiteut wntieiiUtgenben, 3n< 
fbntmente (kOen iut< bie gantef iiiannii!(ifaltiee( nmnbecboEe 
SBett ber JtUnet unb SUne wt:/ auf beien Soben bat baip 
Ri^ 9MaAt M fjeOigen Sefongeg tu^t, unb f[4 ani i^ 
tr^bt 2)et etiui/ bie SSeele bet @eni&lbe( iR bttti^ul ge* 
^iDoItf aanj begeifint mib tnufiloUfd) i bie Kulffi^ns im 
l}bc^^ Strobe Dbiettio lu^ grAnblidf). 


314 JV. SftbUsti. [Stomantifc^ ®i^Ie. 


VDin daabergarttn ticgt fm <Dbei(Saninbe ; — 
Xt{n @tai4(n/ nrinr out HbfKidfcn JCrpftaOtn 
9in !IBunbrerd)Iofr wqi bli^enb oon QSetoIteib 
iDie SAumi^n fptofm aui bent lUtftn ®aae)t i 

Strin 9)tKr, no obtm ^titmixtSi In bit Slunbe 
Scii:bi0e gtammemoogen uni ummaUeni 
£oc^ Id^bnbf bnpenb oUt Sinnt SOtn 
(Sntcouben/ fil^ umfpuUnb jebe JBimbt } 

VTid^ ^ber blof mm bUftn SSclioteitnif 
Sqaubot ftlbfl aofyxtt, jam fd)in|ten CoI^tH/ 
3m dgnen ©ottenf fettg fettft bet Wtifta. 

Bmm ^Uen aUc gcMi aac^ berriltn 
iCtU St^^ttr^meU biamantne Xtoot 
lEfyi Qalbermif bu Sonmnflra^l b« ®dfter I 

lulitoig Citdt, 

" The literaiy coloasiia of Dresden," was bom May 
Slst, 1773, at Berlin, where he received hie earlj 
education at the I^drich-WerderBchen Gymna- 
sium. In 1792 he vent to the Umvereity of Halle. 
After having completed his academical studies, he 
travelled through England and Italy, everywhere 
associating with literary men. In 1819 he returned 
to hia fatherland. 8ii years later Tibok settled at 
Dresden, where he was appointed counsellor of 
court and one of the directors of the royal theatre. 
Id 1842 he was invited by his Majesty Frederic 


XnC. 3aW«i>l«rt-] (Cf«6. 815 

William IV. of Prussia, to his pa3ace of Sans Souci, 
near Potsdam. A commodious dwelling was here 
offered him, which he ha« often lonce made his 

TiEOK was one of those romancists whose vene- 
ration for the middle ages led them to embrace the 
doctrines of the Church of Bome. 

This ornament of the romantic school may style 
himself at once poet, dramatist, novelist, and critic. 
Meitzel describes him as " the moat ' German ' of 
Q«rmaa poets," and as forming a connecting linlr 
between the middle ages and our own. "ffifl 
writings, in truth, succesBfiilly eihibit the affinity 
which exists between two fcr-distant ages. He 
first appeared in the literary world with his romance 
" William Zovell" (1795), which was executed 
with great skiLi, and possessed of much historical 
interest. It had been preceded, indeed, by & more 
youthftd effort of the same character, named "jH- 
dallah," Two years after "William Lovell," ap- 
peared "Teter LehretM" followed by " Feter 
Lebreckt't Volkmahrchen," which first erid^iced 
his adhesion to the romantic school, and number 
amongst his more popular productions. 

In 1797 were printed his "Blaubart" and "Oe- 
ttiefelte Eater" (Puss in Boots), two well-known 
old Oerman traditions, and, in 1798, "l^ana St^-n- 
hald'i Wandervngen." This novel, begun in con- 
junction with his lamented &iend 'Waokbnaoseb, 


816 Cfrr&. [Stomantifdie e^b. 

wan continued uid published by himself. It is a 
beautiful specimen of his proee writings, and con- 
tributed much towards d^ending the romantic taste 
that marked the era. Soon after followed his ei- 
cellent translation of " Don Quia'ote" and lua " Ge- 
nofiva." This and "OiT^dpHHi" are his master-pieces. 
In the fonner the poet exalte religion and fidehty, 
in the latter be ennobles chivalry aud love. Tbe 
versification is of a high order in botii. In 1812 
bis " Phantatua " appeared : it contiune a lai^ col- 
lection of very amusing tales, and much true poetry, 
and became the most popular book of the day. 
" The tales aud novels of Tiece," remarks Yabn- 
EA.a£B TON Embe, " approximate in a certain sense 
to the ' Dialogues of Plato,' inasmuch as they always 
combine with agreeable topics a deep inward dgni- 
ficance." In hia " J>iehterleben" an attempt is 
made to give the reader an imaginary biography of 
the great Shaktpore, interwoven with traditions of 
other early English dramatists. At a later period, 
Took, in conjunction with Wiiheim Sohlbgel, 
published a translation of Shakspere, which may be 
pronounced perfect as regards both its literal and 
poetical character. His plays and poems bear wit- 
ness to the great attachment felt by Tieok for his 
faUierlMLd. The interesting and able criticisms in 
his " Dramatuirgiiehs Blatter" display no small de- 
gree of merit. To Tiece we are also indebted for 
the valuable collection of ancient poems — " iUHine- 


XIX. 3(i^t^«nt«t] Ciedu 817 

lieJer au» dem SehwaHecie* ZeitaUer." A complete 
edition of his works in fifteen volomes has lately 
appeared in Berlin, Our extnet taken from the 
" Journey of Prince Zerbino in eeamh of good 
taste," aptly represents the general character of 
the writings of the school under review. It unites 
an exaltation of medisTal days with bitter sarcasms 
on modem times ; and exhibits vigorous poetry op- 
posed to weak and empty prose, and nobleness of 
soul to vulgar and petty egotism. 

"UmA Tpmxi 3etbino V 
KTtttor (tntt ouf)- -^ob' i^ in mrincm etlm fo toot 
gtfe^n! 3BaB bafl ^ ffir tine Sinrit^ng ift! £tin 
®<atmi \saUxn eine aQiOiniS. 3(^ gbtubCf twim ici) mid) 
bingt ^er auf^teltci Unntt it^ in btt S^at unfinnfg nxrlKn. 
ttnb worunt ntd)t? 3|1 ^ wc^I anbern e^cbactn Scuttn oitfl 
woljtfeilem Urfac^n begegnrt. — fflUimen, fo fiod^ nrfe Htin( 
SSiumCf etlinif bit ^b^tr ftnb a\t ii), mlt eintm Sbimtnlbnv 
btn man nti^ umfpanntn !annr gioft 9!oftn an 9t/[fai 
givifc^n fiimmel^o^ ®icf)en/ JBaumgAngt/ bit fo ^ f£nbi 
baf btr BSlicC pc latim mti<i)en (amir — unb oUtS in foltiitni 
UebtrfluPi aVH fo gtbiSngt an cinanber, fraf ber gonjc Oarttn 
n>i< tin tinjiger bidjtgtfloi^tntE Slumtnlnint anSfie^t Unb 
aOee bnimmt unb fingt« unb ^ orbentfid^ QinfdUe I Z^ 
mid)lt ntoni^al Iad)tnr mtnn ii^ nidit urn mtintn Stcftonb fo 
ref)r btfngt fein mAfitt. 


318 Cfetlt. [9lomaiitjfil)c Siiak. 

9n QSalV. 2)n: frtfi^ Storgtnnrinb 
iDmi) unfne Stwigt gt^t, 
8tAt)ct jtNe SDIatt gefc^ainb, 
&tnn ec fo mo^Ignnutf) butrti) oKe Xefte iM^t 
8U^r' biC^ 9Xtnf(^(inbj 
Cirf ab bein lUineS Beib, 
Siommi ttmm in unfem ®<^en g;cimt 
aSfrf an Sorgm ^ 
(£rf#t$ b<in ^^ bn Sceubigfttt. 

X. 3|t bcK nunni^tint eiuiiiMi|lai:^Xitfiui:aufd)en? 
3$ fiabe bod) nttiv fo lange id) bmfm faniv fi^ii matW^n 
SBalb gtfe^r abtt bngUic^ i^ mte nod^ nii^ orrinit. 

Btt VSlsOl. SSir ta^n mit ^ttKigm 
3n btti ^ttnmel ^intin. 
Unb ^fitctn fo dflcn 
JDen glinjCTttwn ©cl)on ; 
3Sit ^geinr mtt ilwrigeni mit Kcfteib 
iDur^oufdit Mn fijwlenbtn SBefttti/ 
Duri^fungen oon SSigeltin, 
greun mii; unS frifd) bie in bic aSuiitln ^indn. 
tSSii iEiufd)enr urii flutlcmf wit; moititi 
(Se^ifixmt com blauen .^immeislwgenr 
SBon frtunblti^n iiiptn biu^ogtn. 
grutjlingeglanj I 

Bet gcgr^tr fci it^A^ ven Vbmi ju 9Rorgtnf 
Bon SSorgen ju Kbenbi 
fiomm, aSenf^j fei fed wm €5orfl(n 
3n unffnn ScintUni txr brabtili^ Cab<nb. 


XIX. Sa^unbnt] C(«il. 319 

J<r. Sri fcri oon ©orfltn ! @6ni Sutr oetbommtti 8fe 
fijltvie, bai beinofie on bat ISrmihtfligt grcnitr mai^ mii tie 
mrffttn ©otgtn. — 3)aS Zaaftt Ijl, wtim fit nun oKc iufammra 
muficinn unb jwitft^nn ; lomn tt xad/t urn b» aXerbv&rbigCnt 
mirtf fo wSi: id^ r(f)on tinalt <t><(ba: ttHsgcIauftn. 
Btr CBIbQi. 3(bet (tin rigtit/ 

ffiitltni Sannem Sii^nr 

Stc^n tcb buT^ammcn Demintf 

aSod) trinn; btn ontem itrti 

Sia ftmtt Me Sivtig' in Me SBeCtt, 

Etaint fc^fnncnb baB SraC mit ber ^b, 

XXi |t(f)t jum ifiininiel gemanbb 

S%t \tba tin ERouTdKn, fttn dgtn, 

ttnb fn^elt )id^ fTif(^ in btn dnetgoif 

©0(1) fReW b« nwnnigfiilf B« ^ng 

3n <S<iMn bciUKrltc^ S^rgefang. 

60 aui^ bit fDIenfii)tn ntitfommcn 

iDie wcfi^febcn Don Sintm nut |tainmenf 

3«b« ril^ fidi in frinen Smag/mi 

2)o<^ aSt ftttbtn jum ei(^ ju (bigcnr 

aCenn fici) au(^ uitle gtgtn bit Stbe nrigcHf 

etc one Sr&ba frini 

Cttfc^iebHi^rit iff nur Sdjein/ 

@ie raufi^n wnoomn bun^ rinanbcr fiintin/ 

aSicb btm JCIugen tin einjieti S^orgefang fdn- 
3!7'. Stt^ ba, fiet) bof pnbtgl mrinre SSul tie Xoleranj troB 
btm Stfien unttr unC Sue ein biii)tn bnfufe Sbttn nnb 
Qftaifi ttmt venvorren i SMgenB aha m^te man bod) bei 
SfliftU baribee iwrbtn. 

fioCtn. Sift bu fomnunf urn ju liebtni 
€0 nimm unfie SJUitfje nxi^ri 


820 €.ittk. [KamanttTdie WtiuU. 

SBii: ftnb rSt^nb flrts %tblitbmt 

^an^en tn bent 3)^^li<i^ 

TOi tin UUtitn f!nb bit fQli/(^ 

flJHt ben Stofm flbnflwut, 

Zuf tie eittx M trfrif<f)c« 

ffiioig jnng fit^ fkts wratut — 

ftflirn. Sitnbe bid) ju unftni ntiftn et«i»n> 

SKonbfdjtin finb fit in bti @eami 

X^nbung unbelanntet ^nnt/ 

8»ub' nnb Stibi bc^ in btr Setnti 

9tui; QtintHrung/ man ^Kat |u seme. 
H. Z)a« iH fefir unwrft&nbUi^ 

i.U(m. Unfei eie6«n, unfcr iDUf)ten, 

Subtr btdite £&mmninB n\u, 

Smft unb fctunblii^ ieigen icir bit ®pur> 


®tiDe 9tat!i)ti 

SBen'ge .^eni bie lid^ jU una ri^ten. 
"X. txa giaub' ii^ ungefdiiDoien. aSe[d)e fdtfame Sieben 1 
Z)nun liab' i(( aai) immn ni(t)t eeimiSti tDomin mir bit Stlitn 
fo abfonbnlii^ corgtlommen finb. 

KfUrn. Stlumtnanbac^, 

■Entire Stac^t/ 

Unfc^Ui unb ?)ra4t ( 

3BiT flt^n fo ^CH^ ale ftille ^Bactm, 

Kuf btnen ®inn unb ®ri|l reo^t ra^ : 

@et)t tr DOTiiiitc BofengUu^i 

3P o^ne !Sunf(^ unb @Ian) bn fcomme 3Sut^f 

2)ann migen nir nwljl atrnt auf ilin nxnttn. 
yt. 3<^ bin no^t tin re^ttt: 9tcxti baf id) mii^ ntit bieftn 
Steatunn untec^altt. 


Kui »9^ SoUno."] KitOt, 321 

Jtotmn I fcmm I 
£)aB !Blitttcget&ufc^, 

Unfa Slani, 
Unfet frif c^ ©tint 

!S{T lEebtn hUj, 
Xrog' UR6 brin >^ tntof^, 
CStiC Qofdim&lfff bu un< i 
TiiUi tana tdif SBoIb fHrt/ 
XSti fann md|t SIun» fdiif 
3Xuf aui^ Xtnbti: gtbcn. 

X. SSo 2 Sine f^ine Sntf(l)ulbiaun0. Unt oU SBalb unb 
SBtum' niirt 3^ au* ttmat Stt^. 

9tr SBatlr. maiM' im lSi&ini« 

ISiQIl bu bit Sltuntn txclbfinf 

fOtu^t bit ttft ben iSatb buri^^n. 

3fl bit a^ifientn 

SDer ©inn befl (Srfnen. 

2)ann magff bu bie Slumcn ooftcgn. 
2f. 91un fef)t mn; btc UiiMifii)imtf)dt. 

9rr VSalV. ®db t|t bae erftt ©e^imnie, 

3n ba« bie Statnt fi<i) ntei^tf 

jDt( nflt iSatbe ijl griin, 

@r&i f<^m&(tt lii^ bit ganjt Sklb 

@in ttbcnbigtr Obcnv 

Sin Ucblift) Sliment/ 

SBomit flUfS fto^ umfdjlofftn ift. 

@din( bebnttct Cebenimut^i 

XKn Stutl) bn fro^n Unfi^ulb/ 

XKn 9Rut^ am: ^oefie. 

©rjin finb aUt SlumtnlnoSixn 

Unb bit StUttn: mn bit SUumenf 

Xiam ent^>rinet bei gaibtnalonj 

Jtia ban mfittcTli^cn @ciin. 
9U Cnl^anm. IStt mag oon gocbtn fprt^nt 

r:„i- :i-,G00tjl>J 

822 Cftri' [SotnanUfi:^ Si^Ce. 

XHne anbm iBluin' anoinnt. 

Segiiinen ntr ju fpitd^n. 

ItBdS foil SIununanbad)t/ 

I3ai bet Anfi btbtutm ? 

Sir ipcangtn in bn tft^nften ^aSit, 

Atin {inbrei: nag'S mit ttnl )U Ibrtitenf 

SQtt sl&njni ba^ in ooaikr SRacI)tf 

Siau^ miiti anbnrt )U &eb(ut«i> 

SU boS in una bn ©*dn oon taufcnb btainenbtn gatt«n 

Ste^ mir in Seettn jufainmnt« 

nnb gf^t bcr SQinb buri^ uni Slumtn t)in/ 

So nxaihn unb juifen unjAffUge glommtn 

Unb bfenben, utnoirttn ben frilflitben Sinn. 

Xtljn bie SBlittn (itft fsnnimii 

SSttOen rin( llint borr 

®iilb unb fRat^ unb BStau fie ;ienni 

3n uni oUet gorben Sh^aar' } 

SRo<I) im ^Secbtli^ mit gorbni nric ptongenr 

t>a$ in DoOcv aSaitftU 

;Dte SulfK mit an«dcfpnitfttn ^atln fte^t: 

Sioju bie ee^nfuditi moiu Setlangen? 

W. 3<^ merte, bfe Sulpe fpleU ben greifleift untte ten 
SHuraenr unb maif genriffetmafen ©olirtn ouf bit Mlien. 

fSm fSUauttu ben gc&URi 
3n fernet ^ftHe 
S3tt fSlumen btenen. 
aSagene nit^ un« au^ed)t iu 

^bOittn bie ©onnen&tide, We 

3ni einfamen 31|al 
@ebe{^ wit jumaL 


Hxa i,^M«h S^ibino."] Cirrit. 






3Kit blatum SSi^ 


aSfiffen gar flrini frin, 

UnMuttige Kintlrin 

Uien bit MKBfn b«^ na*. 



aJUcfetra tnir grifre frinl 


iDu am Mriibtt, 

fflSw erfrif^mb unb Kfel unb 



Unb jif^ft ni*t, 

Unb bfljwifc^ bie flotbtntn 



PSie f46n bat gt&tc @cal, 

Stittt bu bcnn iltH nai^ bn 




3UE aSo^nung itfUUt, 


3uc Sa^ng bit aSoRtn, 

aiauff^n unb f(l)»4nneiv 

Z)it frdt, iKite !3e(t, 

Siiifltn unb Mnnoi 


Sim Storgen jtun Kbnib, 


nnb nets ftnb nm; fatt 

D ^U^ 9&U1 

lOit Siumt mtt S^attenr 

9Ktf !l^iniiul6{ail. &t oOe umfdilKf' ii^ i: 
Sic alb tr&nf i<^ an meinen Stftften 
SRit tiiftm, 

3d) f(nbf bit H^Iinben SBinbej 
3i% fdsiue ticf auf |ie ^nunttrr 
SSit aOc fd)auen ^od) ju mte bafferi 
KlCt madit mnn Sorn; Xnbltd muntci/ 
Xiic fmrlidit BUue im nntrgdkblit^ fSXta. 



324 Cfrcft. [Sbmantifdit @^te. 

SkCten IsmnKni asolfni iit^ 

>BSol!en flic^n, 

Xxtibttt in mdnm Sfbtete ^in unb ijerj 

Sinb ban gt^Atimn Slid bet ISalbet SI&tC«/ 

iEKt Slumen ^$ &btt^itQt b» (Slanj 

©eg Xbenbs nnb befl qSorgenrot^'g (jeraofatjofltiv 

iDn; a^o gcTpanntc EKegenbogenf 

3m aolbntn Tibmbmtn bie taufenb glonunemttogenj 

3m futdiebflttn SBrttet, 

IDn ie% jCidenbn; @(a)^. — 

IX. QS getit ju iwitr — Uii netgefle mi<^ felbfl } — imntet 
unb (mig alldn ju fk^iwib boc^ nn unatif^6tlii^6 (S<fd)wJlg 
an^irnt ju mOtJen, bat xft ju ton. — flSa (immt bcmi ba ? Sin 
S&ribj bem 1Cnf(!^dm noi^. Sic ijt fdjtn gniiai^Mi/ aber bod) 
gu grof r gar jU grof. iDat Ti^nt t)ier bn aO^emam ge^ler. 
2)ie ®6ttin ((ritt ^atin). 

i&attin. aSet bifl >Du ! 

"JX. 3i^? Xufjumaiteti/ ein 3Itif<nbn> im gegemnSitiecn 
Kugenblid ^alb unfinnig/ wdl Id) tdi^t miii ai id) txnat^n 
ob« BCTtauft bin. 

ffi, @«fint (« SJir fo (wnifl tm ©acftn bn ^oefie? 

W. !01{t Surer @i[au6ni^> baf ii^ ein oxnig jmeifeUi barf. 
^Mfie? IW®arten ber ?lo«ft(? .^m i Sljr Witt meinen 
Qkfd)ffiad unb gefunben 3Xenfd)enDa|lanb wof)I nuc ein wenig 
auf bie ^hrobt ffellen. 

(fr. XSiebog? 

W. iDie ^ptxfif miifte nad) meinem Sebiinlen, nad) meinen 
(■drnwdfeen ffiinfii^ten too^l eine etwaS anbere (Seflatt ^aben. 
■Dai iff in gfeldjTam ^i« nrfe in rinem 9larnnl)aufe. 


Xui „'3Jriiii 3«6ftu>."] CftiS. 325 

ffi. SraBjen Sut^i bran bttfe SBIunwn ni^ ? 

W. Seui matirijaftig ntdjt, benn ic% fe^ ju gut tin, bof rt 
gar hine Slumen finb. 

<i!E. !(Bic UmU 2t)r birfen in'Qnt Qttoubra (cgtn? 

X. aSeil i(E| in mdntm itbm fdjon gai ju dfle SDIumen 
Stfc^ ^abe. 3a nxnn iA ni4t bie nitauiilid)e Sifatiiung 
\jhmi fo ttnntc iit mix tneOei^ (^ rinc ^tofc br<^ kffen '. 
3Keinc eitrni ^btn ja fttbft eintn iSavttti winter brai -^aufe 
gtEubti Dnb ba ^b' Ii^ bieSIumra \ttbn oft gtipflanit unb an 
bit ®tbde gebunbtn. 

QK. ISofJir niennt 3^t aba btefe ^pflontni? 

N. 3* ettotm fw ffa Satmi/ bum rfwas anbert ttnnen 
fit axtSi to0 fi^iptrli^ fltin i (t|rti(i)t Slumen ftnb ri xotrd^ 
9tDi it{(^ 6c^ fie bod) nur an> fit fdidiun ja nwl)Tt Un: 
attKun. 9tttn/ 1^ mu$ bit @I}re ^oben Qaii ju fagtn/ bas 
SStfentCii^ an tfnn ffilume tft tint gtnrifft Xlein^ unb 
9tftblid)!«t Unb bann ntd)t folc^ fibertncbtne aStngtj id) 
maq fonft nw^ £8Intn<n/ unb fit gebtn unS tint gtwifft I3i=: 
quidung unb 9iai4tid)tnt, abtr bat muf fi^ ntit bieftn 
XKngtn in SSi^anbn ^tttni unb bei Stibt nii^ fb in'( @ittns 
trifi^ B«lin. 

<£. 3^r wrgtfit, ba^ bttt bit nKil)r(n Stumen finb, 

2>ie ffiCitt^', bit in mU^t fte^i bit Qibt 

Aennt nur btn fc^dien S^otttn bitftr .^tntt^ttit 

V, 9Iun ioj baJ i^ bit le^tt ^^cj fc mai)m ts bit\t 
3btaliften immtr) uitnn man an i^t .^imgefpinnfte nii^ 
glaubtn K)in, fo nwOtn fie efnem qat wrif nta^n, buf bits bie 
ttiJ)tt unb wa^ Mrt fd, nrit rigentlii^ oltee iibcige in ber aSklt 

' I ihould ta>T« been caught with yoBi etiS. 


326 Gftdt. [Slomantif^ eifuit. 

fein raitflt. Itnb loenn (^ aut^ olCrt fibiige Hctragm ttiinte« 
fo fft m(r boS mfet etngen unb CSfret^ bicfet SDinae ittferff 

(Si. '^tei <Suij b(( Slumtn fbnfl nie angtfungen? 

K. <^I fial fitr wen ftfit 3t)t ntic^ Unn on? Z){c 
iSIutnni foUttn gut anedomtnm feiii/ bic |t(^ bctgleic^n Qng 
gcjogcn^titen unterfangm ^Stttn. 

(S. B<K moi^ 3^ obtr (famtli^ in btr ^tt? 

X. 34 ftcdt riiuR at&rtipm! eoii ftf) ge^ fih: Mc all< 
9anrine 8SoI)lfaI|rt jit Snmbe. 3(^ bin auf brr Steifb unb 
mdn ?>tini (ann ntdit t^ IMne wHllinbigt ®«funb^rit tc^oltdi) 
bis teii; btn gntm ®efi^mait angetnffcn fatten. 

tfr. IffiaS ntnnt 3^ btn gttttn Sefc^acI? 

If. Sd) win ti Sod) fi^n ancettraufiir oeQ 3fli nil 
iiemlic^ te^bcgicris f^cint 6el|tf bn ®tf(^ad> — aU n)mn 
ic^ fastn WDdttf ein ®<bid)tr — nun mfift 3!)i obtr ttd)t 
bcoreifnif benn ic^ fhrfngc tniti) ptn: fo an* um Suc^ bic ®ai^ 
ud)t Rat unb bcutlid) ju ma^nr — olfci ntnn 3^i: (Su<^ rin 
flaffifdjcg DoHinbetrt ®«bi(^ btntti — tla^i^^ ne^mlitl)/ lool, 
— nunr bad nraitbt (td) son fclbflr ^n fc dn Spipammi dn 
.^Ibcngtbiditr eint Zra^tAti looiin ollc SitffUt nbfrnrictr nice 
maU Dcnnmbelt. — 

<S. Si^bcrfte^tQui^ nid)t) mdnt 3^ oitOdc^ iibtc^aupt 

If. 9tun jor rt it>ttb o^ngcfi^ fc jutnffen. ffitnn f^ 
bit SlaiRta tfi^iit ^litttt, ba wfirbet 3^ mi^ fc^n e(ier MC 
^^n. -^itt' {if) bwi) nut mriiu ®ninbf!L|e btr JCritQ bri mtt I 
<fi, fiaft ^c^ ben JCranlen glcid) ^^ wrfiigfnr 

3n bitfem fd'etn Sufentlialte n>iTb 


■Jha ..Vtioi 3trtino."] (tferk. 827 

Si sld(^ Mm alien XUbtin ftc^ arltft 
lBt|inb«b bcnn t)ier itv^nt bfc ^ixlte. 
W, .^icr^? Eto^^ffiOf bat fe^Itc ititi no<^ tun in 
bie oEte Staferct jurild ju wtfolltn. 3^ ^6t groSe Sus 
fhOunstn oon Suc^ unb Sumn Sortob id) ftlK ja aud) ni^ 
rinmol (inn rin)isen Ci^to. 

iSr. !DoTt tixuibtin |te im buntein tSaaqti \t^ 
et^ ic^ wie fie bie Sh^e ju un8 lenbn. 

©ie ©idjitCT (tceten ^etetn). 

Vr. CSinb bal mm trntrffii^ unb in bei Z^tiX iOtc^f 

<£. lUmttfiig fd)rinft bu gmtifel^ft gu fein. 

If. aXan miif (id) (in bi<^ mit tersleic^ SefMuptnngm 
in Xi^ nc^mtn. Se^t nwcr toit fit un^fiflic^ finb/ fit btHms 
mtni ^ i<a nic^ urn midb unb bod) bin id) ^itc fcembt. 

<Sr. Sit ^btn 2>i(6 nod) vM)t btmtrtt 

tH*. 9toi% ein8( id) nerbt ja in Qmrtm (Saxttn gar Ittne 
Stonixn 0euxil)r, unb bi>4 i|i ei je^t bit 3dt 

l£, £tin UnflCiitftr na^I b«n ^ritiotn !Sot)i<(i6- 

X. Stun boS ifl mit von aOtn S)ingtn hat nnnattoid)^ 
unb unnxiM4^(i(4fl^ 9i«i>' ^o^ ^'^ ^"^ nfmmtnnt^ 
tin tinjigtr !Rtnfi^ aloubcnr ft^t, mtint Ittbe 3tau/ tin folt^r 
(Soiten {^ bU^ noi^ gai nic^ etr^brt gttrefen. iDa bmmen 
bit iDtc^ctr auf unj ju, nun win id) i^n boi^ mit Ourei 
Srlaubni^i tin uxnig auf btn 3a^n fii^Itn '. 

«. Sfit: frib bonfeltnn: tOtunttclett btl (Sdfki. 

X. ISit l)ei|t btrai bet finflie altt SSucitopf tfiti? 

(B. Stfi^tibner fprld)! €8 i|l btr gtoft £ante. 

1 I iriU Ha nhat he It raadE of. 


328 Cfedt. [»i)mantir<^ Sdiiile. 

"X. 2)ante? iE)ant«? Xd) jt^t Iiejtnn' Ii^ tnti^ n ^t fo 
tine Qomibier gleidifain tin Sebfd^t Aim: bu ^KOe gefdtruben. 
Siintt. ©tet^am tin ®eW^ ? S&r Hfl bUf ba$ bu airo 

X. 9IU( nur tii^lt (b b&ftr i^ bin ein S^'unb Don XKr unb 
mn Sui^ atttn, btm iij lizbe bit Z>i(^nft unb bcingt o^ 
mtiiu inQ^n Situnbcn mit Suren SSdjnuccpfeifeieitn 1}m. 

B. Sdjimtrpfd— arte Kwr bos Serff bo* Bu fo tbm 

TX. ^^afyi] <St tamt bie Si^nunpfeifcrden nic^ unb 
^it felbp nwli^ gana<^ JtaS bebnttet fo ©utt bummrt 3«ug. 
Sure tuthgen Coppilitn, moe 3^ ganaiit fx^i unb nwmtt 
man bit ^ ao"! ("^S vatc&bdn (onn. 

9. SStr bifl bU( flodje Unt>eb«uten^ 
jDoS bu bid) bitfre fttdw epwdj' trffi^nfl J 
^ bi^ fein iaut mi nwinem SSkcI gttcoftn ? 
aSifi bu in alltr Stlinb^ tin iSmotiner 
ajon iRttision unb ^)o<fit uerflofen ? 
X. Qreiftrt @aif) md)t fo, aUa fOtann, btnn bie ffia^eit ' 
iu fagtn/ fo Iiabc id) Qhid) niemaiS S'lefen. 

39. Unb tommt ba^ unb f|)nd)t wn mtintm SBerl j 
HMe e&ttlicEff JtomAbit Sk^utrpfeiftceil 
Sin fd)inbUi^e, borbotifd} SBod, unb faum 
iOrc fromnten ^ungc abjulodcn I 
K. ®rfb ftiOe, (09' i* ffiuc^, unb (aft un8 rfmnttl milfc 
^ft fpi:ed)en. SSeib Z^ btnn in bti S^at jttnalfi tin 2)td)ttc 
13. Xrioft I ^Rarca 1 
tN". 9Iunr nun, bit ^tittn I)abtn fu^ feitbtm gnoalttg gc 


ZaS H^Jrini 3«r6tno."] Cfrrft. 829 

inbert, bomaWf jo bamati — abtt jefit feib ^f}i: ;u fi^lwr ju 
tcfenr unb aui^ aufiei^m noif) cnnu^ant 

9. iDomaU,! nmi mdnft Du banrit, Sutm ? 

W. Sin Wfl"^ *opfl — 9^" bamatt mitt itl) nut fagen, 
»ai eS eiftaunCid) Itic^ti dn Ci^tn ;u fdni twitf nit td) ge^ 
Uftn ^obci vor Sud) in ncucnt 3dt eben frine ^(tcn mjtict 
tiotttn j borutn m&^ 3l)c nui Sun ®Iid atmfmmni benn tin 
(9iunbe mbxt ioi} jebec anbre bamaU tbax \a niie 3I)t btrfi^mt 
unb benunbcrt worben. 

9. @e ^ittt alfo nuT an X)ii: gctegeiv 
9tur an b« 3<it/ bie iDt^ an'B ^ genwtfen 
Sn t'ntix fiii^tn 3<ilK^unbat> unb 
2)u (lilUefl auci) nric itl) tic SBcU ecflaunt ? 

34*, Statiklidif ja toot not^ mcf)c ijt/ id) b«nle it fogor in 
unftrni itHaita, mo ti bod^ taufnibmat ii/mtitz ifti bo^ ju 
bringen. Orfl fang' id) fo rad)Hf fad)te mit Kb^anblungtn fiit 
9SDnat8fd)riftm an, in btntn ii^ meinen aufatltirten ^opf mb 
bei& unb irgenb dntn ZS^vmtt ober ^ictiften ganj oitis unb 
faubec in frinec SBl&fe bacftener bann fd^db' ii^ gegcn ®es 
fpen|ter, bann dnen Slonian gtgcn 6ud) unb aUti moS mic 
nii^ in ben Jfopf tcini bann laff id) mir nierten, baf mit im 
@ninb» 0at Rid)t3 in htt Iffiett red)t ifc bis id) am gnbe immn: 
^S^nr, inunec ^6^ fomnte, anfangt gu cnnwiinn unb [u 
enuu^n, wai man nut leiftm fann, bil mid) bie fieute enbltd) 
au8 Eanatiwtte fir b«n etfltn 3Henfd)en in b« aSttt ^«i. — 
Zbtc bergleit^n 3eu3/ wit Sure fogenannte Somibit/ ^tte id) 
bod) aud) meiiKt SStete nid)t in iencm aufgetliiten ^attec 
qt^ifdtitn. ^iUt unb ^arabif £ ! Unb aUt6 fo umfi&nbCit^i 
mie id) mir fyiU faBen lafien. gi 1 fdjdrat Sud^ tin afttr it= 

[.3,1. :i-,C(K>tjl>J 

330 Gfcdu [nomantifd^ eifOt. 

Bu^fnifT SXami/ unb folc^ Abibccpoffira in btn SEog ^InrinjUf 

B. tHi @ott^ ^t ti mir olfc vtrli^n, 
Son miOtn '^immcl murtx miT vog&nnt, 
ffiin M^nir Singn mrin iprop^etifd) Sieb 
3uc Slode bo: tat^ift^n Steligion 
Sn ceint^ Stoeiffaune ju fpreditn. 
X. 9liir bdt ift rt JQ tbnv ttwoon irir icbcn. IDit (ot^ 
liri^ SblisEoiv bat Ifl nir. unb unB Abttetn txniibf%n eeutett 
gtmbt btr Sttin brt Xn^^ 
9. JffioS btntt 'i Sffii&in bri bieffltt Sutbnid b«nn? 
K. Sec^^ t){(ig for bn SStfnt 1 — Sai man fici) babei 
btvUm foUf uxif bd unS iebrt Afnb, ba^ H au^ on &ptiify= 
taasti fosoi M ben gemnntn Ctuttn govotbcn ifb baf iDCmt 
man ttwat »i^ SoUelr Unwntfoftfscef obci anil) eoneoeUi^S 
^ftrtr man {» foaen pflegt: 6i( barfibtt ttnnte man tat^ft^ 
tcerbtn. (iCante tMnbtt fid) unwilUg n>n tfyaii unb gt^t in btn 

K. Bie X)id)ttT ^nb (in uerfludjbt aiolf. 9tid[)tfl aU Uitc 
bank uxnn man fti^ fto tl)ix Sate intm|TIit I 

9rfa<t. 3)et: 9)n>tejtant (mttfUrt ia gcgm aOrt ®nttr tmb 
befonbtrS aegtn bt( ?)o(fU. 

3f . 'XOt bvaH^ W SBant grob t SStc frib 3^ btnn i 

9. 3^ nenne mid) Subcdco XdcfL 

Hf . Xt)a ! mit 9u(^ Un i()) fd^ rin nwnfg mc^ txtonnti 
feib aud) amAfanter mic tenec SnnnmMirf abor oectnt^ um 
mocatifd). !OItnfi^ SSntfi^f mit ^bl 3^ fo mani^ bcim 
jDurd)fHlen !6nnen fb^n lajTtn? 

9. ^atio^al 


lCti« «VriBi Sntrino."] Cfttlu 831 

TX. iai^ nit^f lat^t nit^r urn SottrtioiUftir UMnn ti% ntdjt 
a&njlid) an Snrnn -^n^tn Hritvrifein foO. SuS fiubt }uc 
3Scnfd()I)e{tr aui iitbt jur Suembi ^!itut ISfyc maniit »on b<n 
orsm $D|fen bun^uS ni^ nifbref(t)Td6«i foKtn. 

9. Xus Eitbt )u Ixn SSenfdxn f)abc id) et get^ni abn naS 

X. S)ie aitenft^^, — mid) »unbnt«, buf S^i boMn 
ni^e wift, — fe^t, boe ifl ro bte mit en groa. Scfit jteiat 
jtbrigine bit 3)t(nf(^eit trftauntiti)/ man ^ (''So^ Snontu 
fdluUn angtlegtr man pnlgett bit SSoIbaten ein bt«!l)en nxnigetr 
man — nui fttit Stxv bad ntmicn tcir fo Sltenfcb^ett 

3. iDadib<t Ge^ fi4 oicOeidit rin hiWpkl fd)cetben. 

tN". @S etfdwtit o^nt Sud) genugr boju fontmt 2i)r )u Tp^' 
aOti ^ bit aXrardl^ 

9. Unb finb fie ft^ Iu|he, biefe Euflfpftle ? 

K. So benft 3^ benn ^ ? 9lim ia, ba fu^t man end) 
bag ro^t ikitaltn nd)t anr rO^enb ift'if )Um SBeintnj aUeS 
DoOtt ^rtbigti: unb ^Jrinjtn/ unb SBiftnili^CT, unb ^o^et ebta 

dSojji. Siefer uAec tine iiemCid) gutt Wtattt. 

9. eieft man benn mtine bunten £iebec noc^ ? 

"X. ®a toie'e tommtf roand)e ^tttn got bit! uon Su(^/ int 
@nmbe aber fy>t man v^t xmt frinet ajenbriung fo trltl ju 
I^uni baf (inem jum ©iwfl nW)t mtlt Jcit iibrifl btefbt, midj 
(two unb anbae bttflfctdjoi Z)i4t«p:tunbe abfltrtdjnet. SBir 
^aben nun einmol bit @d|mad)f)dL 

a. 9tSvrlf*er, t* muS jf^t tine erbSroiHd)« 3eif auf Stbtn 

W. aBie3yi«tf!el)t! Sein* mtin Btflei;, Hi ju be> 


332 Gfrclt. [gtomantiTt^ 6<«ule. 

ur^rOcn ifl fjh: Suife n»I)l ju ^ SngUidini 9tot^ unb 
^fll^bfid)tt( terglefc^ii (ortt wrrfrefflMlbe Blteenfwi, aautu 
ftuminctisSnltituttf SabintUmbcrf (efebtblfot^leni nw^Itf)St{gc 
3oi>niaI(r ^odennotl) unb Ktagitnb&umt ^abt 3t)r tn Snrtnt 
CcBoi gntrifl ni^t wmommcn. 

V. Z)utaf{|L 

VT. Unb f4&nt SBetb(id)tdt unb jtnterfiiflt ^SuSIic^t, unb 
toa^ SStnfc^nnnpffnbunSf unb SBo^ItsoUtn unb <E!titteib<n 
efner ntlt bem anban. — 

9. Cat fifieint mir in b« S^iat ntt^ig. 

DC. UnentlK^H* 1 3a, 3l)t ftltttt nur jtftt hbtn. ffllan 
mlat im SStanbtr unb enb&te Qud) ju cit|tinnj no 3^ 9u4 
nut blitfen lief et 

9. C @<I)abtr baf id) ni(t)t jut Qrbe iur{tdt(Iirtn fann. 

X. XUbd^ni lann man jeSt Suer fflfbidjt nocfi aus onbetn 
Dtjldfic^en tntbc^rcni bran bn grtftt bcutfi:^ ¥o<t ^at fo uns 
acf&^ ba( f8t9t aut (Sum 9KanteT genommeni unb in feintni 
l)ttrli(^n Obtton ttepiJ) wrfn^nnt i bab*i ^at er aui^ ben 
fogcnannten Stangen rim fd^nc DriglnalttlLt beigebra^if inbtm 
er fie fceieci unf&nfQu^i lietKnlmMisei; ent|lanit unb umge: 
ftanjt fiat. 

fl. Sc? . 

tN". SitiStg ^at man Qu(^ nad^gtafimt unb scrbefTert — 
SBit i|t benn @uec 9tamt ? 

Jpetcarw. 3* ^fe ^ettarco. 

1^. 3(i) ^be olfft bte Stn% rin ^v mlfebttS @tmiitt) 
tenntn |U lecnen. 3^ nxtbtt aai) ju Sritcn Qbctfett, baB 
^riftr etn abet jiDri iwn Quira Sonettenr benn ciet can bem 


Sui »^>rinj Sctbino."] €itA. 333 

3«ugc ifl fiber Me lUtbit^t Ian0n>eiU6. Sagt tnEi nurr teic 3^ 
btr Dingt ni(f)t {ttterbr^flta gttccrbcn fetb ! 

i)^. iDu &i{l etn n)unbeTli({)cr £ai^. ^fl £u benn mrint 
SionOte wcftanbtn ? 

#. lC(ti» lieber ®otI, mai ip ba fonberlU^ ju uerlb^t 
tmmcr Htbt unb immei; niebe); Eubet bnglei^n f^ fCir mid) 
nid)t. — 3(f) m6#( foft boiauf tDtttnu baf 3f)i bcr btfonnte 
Saffo feib. 

CoMo. 9ttd)t (inbRr& 

fi- 3iV 34<^ ^abt'B aud) gut scmtintr baS fann man gat 
nid)t liugnen. — SStr ift bet fteunbtidie 5Sann bi>rt ? 

C St ift bet @a|li[ianifd)c ^)oet QtriMnttS. 

^- 3e SpnffenteiSev, ^o^tmdftt, bmm bed) wt unb fei 
nid)t fo blifcei 2)td| tnog fd) etftaunlidf) getn (eibeiir bcnn £u 
bi|t rin lujltgcr IStfelte. 

Ctrliaitttjt. asat wUIft a>u mn mte ? 

j}. ^Defn iDin^/ 3>dn £)Dn Qjtitote i|t gum Sabtlad)en( abet 
voai foBen bie Sooellen btiim? 

C. Xu(^ Son IQ.uti:ote tiot Ht geftagt. 

0. 9tu> anttttotCt btauf. 

€. SI3a« fan bae ganje Sui^! 

$. Xiat fag' C^: nu()ti ntein aSeftttf benn et|^^ ^t baS 
Su$ anbte uiel bcffete Mranloft, jum SSeifpiet ben Con epbio 
mn SiofaliKf olfo ifl bas fi^n ein gemiflin; bettic^Iid)et ttu^enf 
anb bann {|l efi ja gum Sobtlad^eni ti ifl fcinet untet unB/ bet 
bti* bumme 3eug ni(l)t g'tef*" ^i^tte* neiiif fei St nut tu&tg. 
@d)(ibei bofl St tii^ ie^t lebt, ans 3^ ^itn mai nwtben 

ff. JBin {[^ bet !(Ii in meinem 8eben fd)on fo oiel ©djltmmes 


334 Cfetfi. [Komantfft^ SS^uIe. 

frfp^i nail tntinem IXcbc fo tief i)cninttraefimtni< bap tm ^tibel 
mi) f&c frintn @(ftlkn unb Biubn: critnnt! 

^ 0n9r nidit bttr^r MngonjtqntKiIuIfenetiitenisfib 
n etkfnir unb [n ben tttbtrfttunetn lift man fnne ®<bi(I)te 
unb bnglrit^nf wai tii^t iut Sad)e 0tl|irt, aufi, ba ^ baS 
Xiine bmn dn xtijt frinet Xnfc^n. 

C Qnb bfe loctc Oolotta tibnmrrt tdmn ? 

^. 3e bae finb ia Sugfnbfii^c^nr bit Mrgltbt man 3^ 
li(bn Srtunb. 

~ C- X>a£ mitS ii^ bo4 mdnem Sminbe S^fffare crjA^lnii 
toenn cc raubrt fommt. 

ji. Xlfo bci 3:«uf(U!Kl ifl auc^ ^? Oint Euriofc StfelU 
fi^ 1 ffig gltbt b«<4 mil nti^t eiiun einjigtn f(ajltf<^ unb 
lonelttn aXtnfdfen tiieir an bcm man fdn <9tmfit^ auf ant 
MTJlSnbige XSeife etrqutden E£nntt. Unb ba« foil bn ©orten 
bn ^otfit ftin? ZXt S^oinneni in |>^antafteirii baB itnll 
id) e^ei jugtben. 

iBottin. Sica Qcrmifcn iOu? 

^. £a 6at bo(^ nun/ nuc ein \iHii)tiS Sci[pitl {u gebtni 
bit beutf(i)c station f(^ l&ngft i^r galbcne6 iataOa btt ^fie 
gttiabt/ unb i^ fudic unttr biefm iBIumcn unb att^Snlifi^ 
Diditem wrgtbenS rintn ^Oflfliorn, ®ell«fc @egmt( JHrifl, 
JBobmetf — id) fe^e I«intn onsigtn iCeutfdjen. 

85. jDU iOu nennft, bnnfn wit nidjt, aber bott |bf)t txc 
waitrt $ant 0ac^ 

^tti^Ktii. Snniff2)unie{nSa|tnad)t{fpielDomX>ottoc 
id^ b(m Wamnfttndbtn? 

tSr. Sin blumcnvotUi {xtin ift gubcteittt 
gfir itntn XAnfUcCf btn bie ^aifnxlt t^, 


3fuS uPmoi Serbitto."] Cierft. 335 

SXit U^tji ftomtn iDratftbuiM Aunft truxuiitr 
iDn @u^ noc^ ofelt (bb Hcber fingti 
Urn 8iK^ fn's 4>«j ten ©lonj bn ^et^ 
3a ftia^nf bafi 3t|t: tim^ tu t)tr|b^ } 
£Wr srafc iStittt ^offt i^n ju uraontuiif 
Senontfe ft^nt nat^ i^ni fid) Sag tote 9ta<^ 
Unb iDtuiK b^Kt einen tH^noi @ni$/ 
iDann nianbein bitfe ^liscn sfecj bft IDtdfkr 
!D« ntutn JtunH Mtrint burift bit* ®f (flit. 
K. Skr in oQcr aSett tinntt benn bos Fein ? 
Janrgtr (i^m Irife in's D^). ®6t^ 
V^. D gtl)t mir bod) mil bcrsldi^n/ ti^ r<B'fi ^^ nil iku' 
ltd) .^crnnann unb Xioa>tl)ta, bn @tniut bet 3eit frabott ba& 
fo cesenfirt/ ba| man ja btinb ftin m^er mtnn man ben JBeic 
fafTec n«^ Unaa fdr eintn iDidtec ^Cten nwlllc. 
^apiiAUi (ttftt tieretn). 
BofioiUi, S3as muf id) oom SDonte (Seen? 3^ ixt= 
fc^il)t e( nic^, btefen SAflmr tnct in biefon letntn Kufent(aUe 
jU bulben! 

1^ fflet ifl ber gwwttige .^err? 

fftrbantnL 01 fft tafti^ SSopI)oRrtj t^n fprtd)cn jn 

fi. Xd), ill bae btr Stiecfte eop^oSes? — Cinen f46nen 
guttn fBorgenr 3^ (Snaben. 

d' 34 mae nid)a mit i^ )u 1^ ^btn. Mt etnfgc 
@cnten tammcnf i^n fottfO^ren, unb i^n bann dmol Speife 

0. (inbtm et foitgefiU)!! nrirb.) 3^ iSnoben fndi ia etn 
ISried^f ii^ ^b« ia einen 8»S(n SRefpeft Mr S^neUf — nut 


336 ZitA. [Homaiilift^ QijuU. 

finbf uit man fogtr 3^ <Si)&Te ttuuS fdnveti — fo jUhI tnrb 
tinon greunte bet SMt^nft mitgtfpiett ! — 

it. !Sit ^atte fid) bUfer Scubai: titn dngtfanecn? 

(fi. Si toitt Don f<lb{l ^«:etnr nor un ^6[^|bn ®taU mobmt 

d. Unem(i)t t^et 3^( weift £iIc^r, auf fctne neben 
Xd)t ju ^bttti foQ id) anb«£ mrine fReinuna fagen. 

(Ttrbantttf. iDff 3cbifd)m ^btn una niemaU btgriffcitf 
tce^It oenounbccit t>a SDid) alfo? (@it ^^tn ai>.) 
9it Mnmtn. 

Eer OTtnb finll ^ieber. 
HMc 9tad)nia(cn uxiita auff 
Unb gif^n in bie Hftt 
©it fiifm EflfW. 

SSir fingen teife Eubeii 
X)!( 9tad)t9ioten wadien auff 
Unb Ib&men fu^e SOfte 
iDur^ bU efiftt. 

£)fe Sterne unb bet SBanbetftmann. 

Jtm aSinbistrSufd), in £bn 9bic^tf 

®et)t bort eln Sbinbnimann j 

Si feu^t unb mcint unb fd)lrii^ fo fa^' 

Unb nift bit Sterne an : 

waHein iBuftn pot^t/ mein ^ai fft fc^tpti 

3n Hina: Sinfomleit s 

ffitfi mfxaaft, too^i noi^i 

iDut^roanbl' i^ St^ub' unb £e^ 

3^ Reincn golb'nen Stemef 

3t|c bleibt mil ewig feint I 

geine I fenw I 

Unb ad) I id) Mrtraut eud) fo gam." 

9a ningt ts plt^ urn iiin ^ 
Unb ^Hec ntirb bie 3tad)t 

[.3,1. :i-,C(K>tjl>J 

Z)a aSoitoer «. Me etnoc] CEttit. 

€i b&:tt (td) nni tnvac^: 

wD 9Scnf(f) 1 2>u t>ifl tint fern ttnb na^ 

2)o<^ dafam biff bu nii!^ ) 

SotRiu aai taa, bcin Xngt fa^ 

Oft unfR ffiOrt eid)t 

XBo: Hnnen aoSi'nen ®teme 

€{nb bk ni^ avig f tnu } 

®en»> gecTK 

(Seboden ja beuwt bit ©treiK." 

^^d)aut un nic^ lote b« gcQ^a aufgtflangtib 
3tn junecn Saubt mutt Seben fpicUr 
9BU ^ in fairer Slut' bit IBSumt ptongtiv 
3in SiMig bei SBogd fii^ wrgndgltffi fi^U> 
@d;on f&rixn fid) ba SBUtmtn ioiU SBangfnf 
!Dte Stntnfiroft tnt buntlm '^ufe ^Ib 
anfritia ffilia: bte a&tt dn muntne ateg*"' 
Unb bi&nflt fii^ fa^ bem SrA^ilingse'oni entstetn. 

Von Seretn ab bit jtlbcnt Sfid^ldn lonuntn 
Unb taiiien in bie grihwn SE^fcr muntecf 
ZKn Kac^tiaoUtn iff bi( ^ui^i^f benomnini, 
@!t fingen laut b«n bunfein SBalb {ilnunUtr 
au' fflgt garbcn luib nan angtfltommtn, 
iDw ®art(n nritb oon taufenb ffilumtn bunteri 
*Kit ©frotltn iff bU ganse SBett umjttgen/ 
Um jtbe SUime fpielt ein Stegenbogen. 


883 WUukmttian. [atcmantifc^ @<!Mc- 

Was bom at Berlin, 1772 ; and died in the prime 
of life, in 1797. He waa the bosom friend of 
LuDVia liEGE at school, ea well as at the qniver- 
aity of Halle, where he studied juriaprudence. 

Called &om earthly life so young, he left but few 
results of his labours; but yet these contain so 
much of promise as to make us feel, that in his 
death the nation at large has experienced a heavy 
loss. His greatest work, "Die SerzeTisergieimmgen 
eines kumtliehenden Khtterbruderi" (Heart TTtte- 
rances of an art-loviag Monk), appeared in the 
same year in which he died. It is written with 
hvely eloquence, adorned by pious animation and 
religious feelings. His other principal productions 
are comprised in the "Phantemen iiher die Ktmtt" 
and the "Stembald's Wcmdenmgen" both edited by 
his c(»npaiiion Tiece. 

jFtimtctI dFttitien I9e la JQatte dFouque 

The fiuvfamed author of " Sintram" and " Undine" 
was bom on the 12th February, 1777, at New 
Brandenburg. He was a descendant of a celebrated 
French family which had quitted France during the 
religioua persecutions. Foti<jti£ entered the army, 
saw much service, and retired with the rank of 
major. He died 23rd October, 1842. Foxiijrfi 
has gained much renown in epic and lyric romances. 


XIX. 3a^0 ^aa^ue. 339 

His woi^a poBsees a moet delightful originality. 
The aiugolar felicity with which his descriptionB 
are given, the elegaat thoughts, the warlike temper 
of the age, the poetical style and compreheoBiTB 
language which are united in his romaoceB, haye 
made them decided favourites with the public, not 
of Germany ttlone, but of England and of all 
Europe. ForQTJ^'s novels, dramas, and epic works 
are the productions of a master's hand.' Hie "Egin- 
hard tmd Emma" is a remarkable example of the 
idyllic drama. In " Der Sitter und die Bauem" 
(The Enight and the PeasuitB), the power of love 
is beautifully displayed. " Undine" ia certainly 
his masterpiece, and will always remain one of the 
gems of Qerman romance. Every page of this 
classical story discloses some charming poetical 
beauty, and each chapter evinces the author's 
enthusiasm in his subject. "We listen with eager- 
ness and sympathy to every sentence, and are 
almost pained to lay aside the boot until we have 
entirely perused its contents. FoitQirg moved in 
a visionary world. His scenes are laid amongst 
elfs and fiiiries, spirits and demoi^ chivalrous 
knights and ench«ited forests. He is described by 
a Qerman critic as one of that class of men, by no 
means rare in Gemany, whose warm enthusiastic 
minds can touch nothing without enthusiasm, and 
who are quite in earnest when they appear to be 
only pretending. Amongst loiriiDfi's writings 


840 ^«nqnt. [Eftomontifi^ Sd)iife. 

which deserve especial notice are : " Her Zauber- 
rijiff" (The Magic Bing), " Siniram wnd leine Qe- 
fahrten" (Sintram and bis GompMuons), "Ser 
Verfolffte" (The Persecuted). We may also nune 
his " Oalffenmatmlem," a taleibimded on a veiy dd 
and popular Oermaii legend. The last edition of 
FoiTittri's works was published at Halle, in 1841, 
in twelve volumes. 

Iw ^iegesltanj. 
^Pn« VtenM fpU Homm Don eiium f!of)tn ^oj^lxtgii tin 
alter 91tttei:8mann tnft^fam in bat S^ ^tnab. <St tsax 
imOfciib ff^iitni unb oocmate alter bitfer (Stf/inbtn tBetxm 
f(f)er gnneftn ] tt^t aba ^otte {^n bic Uctermac^ eineS tdt^n 
®ta^n vtcttitbin, unb bee nwlinte nun auf ber etitbo^n 
Stammfelbr an vxUt/tt feinen SSltd ju nxitxib bei alle font: 
l)otb noil jebtn Sbenbr fa lange bit molbige ^^ M feiner 
^iittc UKflfam tUeb, ^tnaufllieg unb nad) ben i»ri liol^n 
®d)laStgilnnen {nnAbecfdjautei bi£ bie SSonne untergine. £ann 
ging auit bee alte SSann mtebec in baB Z^al ^inunterf roo maxt 
i^tti aU unfdi&bti:^ unb o^nm&(^li0> nwt)nen lief: benn fein 
(injiger (Sxiti ein tingfeitigeTf fteubiger JCantpfe£^elbi aai in 
bet Bect^eibtguns ixi cdterCutien <^ei:be8 gefallen. Xuf feinem 
■^etmmege bm bar greife ERitbr tmmn; an tiner JCapclIt Don 
fkktf bi« ei in benmn 3«iten ^atte bauen lafen/ unb tec jeQt 
ber Seiil^nam beg jungen^ in @t|ven ei:fd)><'Sencni -^enrn eingec 
facgt lag. Xiann Iniett bee Uiattt tin beg tleinen iSauti Z^ 
nieber unb tietete ein ^atcrnoftet fit bie Seelenru^ feinrt 
Cieben @igebalb j unb fo t^at a auc^ ^eutt. iBeim Suflh^n 


bUdtt n bann fc^nfiiditig burd) bte Senftn tiinebb bnnte aba; 
immn: 9It(^ wn bent Sarge gdDa^rcn) benn a jlanb in 
tinet SXaiKcbtenbe ^{ntn btm Xllai i imb btn Sdilitfitt ju bn 
SC^iit ^uttt bet tienwii^ Sater, gln4 natf) bee Steifcenngi 
DoQ fibmvittigtiAen &ljmttyti in bit itVenben grii^tingfts 
nfrbel ber SSubt ' gefdiUiibeit iDai benute et nun ;u Dulen 
3XaIen: benn tS fe^Itt bem iSreonnlen on Oelb^ nm ju bent 
f-^ taaflmiim Qijle^t einen neuen ®d)lfijTeI fertigen ju 
(affim { unb fo ^otte ei: {t'4 ft^f i>nb feint fcotnnte <^u§^u 
unb feint ERi^te tMoAna, bit SigebalbS Utthbtt gemtfen 
tsatf urn ben t^eutcn Utberbttibfetn i^ litbfttn @I&cfeC au»< 
etfptnt 9ticmaU nui fdnt Se^nfiu^ boniad) fo innig go 
tvefenf aU eben ^eitt ICbtnb. <St fa^ bit S^ mit ^ifn 
aSt^mut^ an j a ftittt fit faft eebeten, aiauia ju Qcboif vnb 
fltmeinti fie maffe i^m golee WPm i abet fit florttt i^, feft 
unb unbflwglii^r tntgegtn i (aum litP fid^i bte X(in!t an bem 
dngttotteten 9i^fTt stmigfom aufs unb nitbcrbtAdenr un 
bit geftigtettf mil toelc^ lOUt in btn e^tnen Alamntem be* 
fyxitti barjulfiutt. 9la^bem bet altt Wtann tint aStllt vtxt 
gtbtnt an bet 9cab^Stt bei So^iteS gefKntt ^atttf gino et( 
bte Xugen'twU S^Sntn unb {opffd)fttt(Inb Itbet fit^ ftCbft; otHb 
tnW nati) ber -^toe jurBd 

(St fonb bit {Ktugfrau mit bem ^riid)cn Xbcnbbtob auf 
^n nacltn. niOo ifl beimDiotolna?" ftogteei. — «3n 
tfnv Jtammtt gegonstni" tntgegnttt bit Xltt. ii<S» i9 ia 
^eutt bet 3a^ag vm i^nt unb 6tgeboIb< Bttlobttngf 
bkIi^ ^ tnit bu tveiftf immtt in gafttn unb Qinfamttit 
^ubtfnatn btf^Iolltn ^" — ^^ Stittei ftu^te fc^ titf 
1 Biti, 111 » e>ii< til «»iiiM ntri^Eii. 


842 ;^oii^t. [9ti»nantir<fK S^uK. 

unb bM dnc gonjc fStSt ftfU } tt^Ii^ ^i a mUUt on : 
»!IBie t)!tl @k[b fwbm irir Urn jeftt WfamnKn?" — „Xn 
jntd Stti^ulbcnr at)ti nid)t eoK/' fagte bit -fKiuS^au. — » Unb 
Ut ©*lofftr fbrtwft ffe: ben SdjOijTri?" — „3)crf ®o(b= 
gmbtn." — iDa fine bcr attc ^onn witbn: an, ju feu^en, unb 
fa^, ^agcnb, fan @flnad) um^. — >/3a>" fagti bit {Mnsfiau : 
hJU tKitaufen gicbt « ^ 9tuI)tC mt^f rt n>in benn bai 
(Sim. iDn SSctiloffer mnnbi ba g&bt n gmi ned) rin |>aai 
®ottifli>Ib«n JB." — II Eu mrinft ben bo obtn," fagte bet ®rri«, 
na^ fcincm altin Si^mecte entpoifdjaunib j Me Si^ou nictK 
mit bem £opfc. Xbei tt fu^ jomtg in bit -^^ unb titf : 
„ T>a ftt @Dtt eor 1 34 wttbe fctilici) mit btt aUen SBafft 
nii^ fiiitl tnt^r au6i:i(I)ten in bitfec SBcIt ; abctr t^tltd) auf 
rndntm Sarge fun fit bmnDd) iu litgm fommtn. txc Gigti 
balb ftCbft cciiiti)' tS mic mo^I fan ^inrniel laum, gib' {$ bit 
ttlte efeKnHingt tttg." — iDit ^uiftau flng an, Irfntfi: ber 
^c^Icn .^anb ju tvtintn : benn fit mnfte bomn benlnif wit o^ 
i^ ecftyagener ESo^n, aU eine fd)tn«, fteabegUnjenbtr £nabt, 
mit biefer ffikfft gefpielt unb baju owl Hmftigen ®ieaen flu 
ftommelt ^tte. — Zu muibcn bie bctbtn alten itutt gun) ftiQ, 
I6fd)ten i^ Etc^ nnb gtneen ju SBtttt. 

@fi nwi^ r<^n gegen tDtttterna^ getm/ ba f|&ite bti girifc 
smtei tin u)unbeili(f)el fRufen unb Sintn bunt) bit Zljlln: 
jit^tn ; ton tinra SQalbeSt'^l)'' ^ Itu^titt Qtieai, uiie efau 
1k^ Slomme, bnn^ beS fldntn Jtammarftnfbcfl Sdfcfbtn. ®t 
xetiatt auffk^ unb irni ^(^ f^^utn ; abn bie <^S|Tau fogte : 
" asteib' liegen, SRann : iii; ^titt t& fd)on lange unb bete fhU fAr 
mul) ^fat ZXtS {ft gemifQ)^ ein ungebcuta: ^ug btS mfit^bcn 
•geertS." — „^/'faate Seut^olb, „btn wilben 31fler ^ab' 


Skt Stcecttrani.] Jfauqxti. 348 

fc^ nw^I tbnft oftmaU im moc^itigni Socft fibtt mid) ^btaufen 
^irm i aba baB iff gani (in Sntert." « ©o mufi tf fonft rin 
-^neiuwrt feiiu" fogte bit Si^au. » IBer iMt^r mat otei aitf 
bcm !Bro(tni gtbraut i|t? 34 Hltt bi^ bUb' litgm unb laf 
(cine vorari^isen ®tban!tn badibti in bit auftommtn." iCn 
@itiS gab au(^ ber grau nadir blieb |HU unb bttOt kife. 
9la4 eincr 9&{le fing tc nritba an: »SraUf ba titt Sinci ouf 
cinem Sii^nitl boS ^m^ wicbti, ttcaU wit unfir feltgn 
6o^ iu TtUtn pfttgtt I" — @!i jittertt unb Mnviet i^n mit 
bifn Stimnit gum Si^udatn. SBitbn abn nad) tina iBrile 
fogtt btc lOSt: if'^hKR bu« tirie'i ba oben torn tSnt/c ^ 
unttrrirf: 6<f)nKnft nu^! ^uttin! jDci Koc^itfhtTm na^m 
mit'l ^(b nor ben Otirtn tws. Sbti (nri e^ Sieebalb fUU 
fya ec nod) tbtn fo gtntfcn." — » Sienn bu mii^ ttbtcn nillfi 
rait Xngfl unb Si^nctr" fogtt bit S>^aur » ober mit^ gar ma^t^ 
ftnnig madicnj |« fa^ ma in foU^ Sttbt fortj cB beborf 
itw^ laum dnei ffiortrt mf^." IDa fd^g bn altc ERann 
unb brAngtt feine ^banbnr bemi oitlt unb ftttfanu dnanbtt 
tmiitnii in bit Snift jurJkC iDafl nunbeiUi^ ®ttije fd)uie9 
auc^ obn stiln fid) uitlmt^i: in anbrt S^&terr unb etgrn 
9Soi:gen f(li)Iitfen bit bcibtn olten Snitt rin. 

iDn IjtUt 2Caetgfc^in fa^ fd)on miebtr &bte bit Strgt ; bie 
^utfcau fag btrrite on il)i:em @i>innroden ) bn gmfc Stittn 
aoUtt ebcn {ur ^^ftQe btB tteinen ®&rtltini«mit .gudt unb 
6paten ^aufQe^i ba bnf)tt er |td) nodi untn bet St^ unb 
foatt : n SScUfam ift M bo^ ! XBenn einmal bit Stai^t mit 
i^n Kit^ftln unb epu(^i{lorien in bt6 flSntfc^ ■&ini $imins> 
gebnuigen ifb miU Rc^'t gar nic^t loieba )uc Sbi^ st^n. >Da 
fy)b' ii^ bti an btn Iid)ten SRoreni wn bem Ktnttefeftt gf 


344 ;fttaqai. [aiotnaitt{f<|t e^jfOt. 

ti&umtr lolc hiEe tt bi twfTittn 3dtni auf bn Stonuntrutg 
jv fdera eniw^ nxnen." — »SbnM^ feltfaml'' antabia^ 
i^n bit .^oulfcaiu itfbtacn ^ nrii: gerabt atU^ ffttbaat 
iDie Shnurn )o^ tnit %cn blonlen CSenfrn {inn 6<^(#of( 
(KttiD' f^ Stowit imb !£i<^ mtt btn bnnttn i^aifcnf uteft 
S&nbcr baran. ^^ len^tete bei ICtmttfniiij in txK SSton 
M I)ttltn GonumrtogtC etnpori unb od^ t Damn fd^ritt nefn 
litbrti lubte Ainbr tin )artn Anabc nod), goiQ Obn unb fib« in 
tin ®ef[t(^ Don bloucn Jtocnblainen tingcnnnibni, tin fd)httd 
Jtiftni^'ii' nit tin Si&utiganii auf b«n Xopft unb tint groftr 
tot^ Slnme mi bet Stu^ Unb it^ bnntt bit rM^ JBtnmc 
ico^U" Sit fniftt nw^mfi^ b<i«>f>auipt} unb btc 8tfctn> 
um lit Don bte tintignt Go^nti SobtAonnbt objnltnltnf fogtt: 
» 2>a( ntU btm 6ingtn iff mtt b«<% ba« ®tltfam|lt. 34 fi^ 
ba( 9ti|tfi4< Citbi nwmit bit 6d)aar ^arrimgqoflcn uorr no^ 
im GniM^tn t unb ^ iff ttttt no(i| ia Mtfnn Xngmblid in 
aXutlKr oU Singt t« in btrfttbtn SStift bort iU>ti btn Sttg 
^trcoTi btn matbigtn ^^ng immtr n&f)tr tKnmttr: jo, mit 
fi^ icfet Me HE^to ott^a^e, wiib mtr'e (nrbtntlid^f alt bringe 
btr Xlong ftScto ttettin." Sit .^ans^u Dtnto^ bai otltt 
au4 uiA n^6 ft(i^ fn ftnmmnn CEiflauneni um on bet J^b 
i^ S^^tmt DOC bit Z^ ^u«tutitteni unb lii^ no^ ^ 
nmnbtrfamtn JtUneni nnquf^iuun, bitift smu^t bur^ btn 
triffliditn fOtoatnftca^ xoiUt/a bit IBAitmt vtrgolbete unb baS 
t^auiseStcaS nnttr Ufanu btefQet no^ buni) bit gotttiffir^tlst 
ffitilt be< immtt n&l)ei; ^an>Dt{)ttiben SitbtO SS^oImncn i>nt> 
Sto^rfKttn Soneen in btn @tfana- 

Snbtm bit betben oUtn Etute in bit ^ittattif&c tcotatt 
tmnrbe jioif^tn btn Bu(I)en|Uunintn Dickt bmbDott ^imi 


not gnken ibnrigen auf i^cn -^iltcn/ mit blanfcn SfltTen in 
ilirn <^iib/ jum Sf)nl aber aud) mit bianlax JptJUbatbm unb 
@p«rta rr@i ©ottl'Tagte bic-^auifrau. »@C i|t bcd)it(t 
nit^t Ketnte^it ? Unb xoi rooUen \ie bcnn Sba^aupt fo mit 
Sang unb JCIong ^inouS ? SSit^ einmad nrit boe SKoTgtnratt 
duf ilinn SStnftn bligt 1 " — i, ^mi bit m&U'en icgnibtiio rin ft^ 
emit^aftrtffi&^nsf^aUcn^iibcnj" muntuUtbtrSHtttr: bcnn 
er tonnte bai SioOj an btn blanfcn ®tal)ieiingni siel ju gotr 
urn tit mit feine S^ou/ fib SXotgenntf) an^uft^n. SS^rcnb * 
bcffen ^tten bit Eanbleatt einen .^alUcdS um Ua (^Mige 
QfKpaor gtfdilofrni ; unb jnrifc^ bem SSenfm: unb eo^ens 
nx^ nxti^ fit na^ bmibigtrai Citbt an^ubeni Oat tAetxrimt 
aai Sfyaa ERntxn ^eisoti gingi n){t MTfltotrt Sntl{4c<i onf bit 
Itaunenbcn ^CeUetn ju unb fpcac^: »!Ber fru^ jtun Stttn 
gt^t, finbet gut( Snii^ .{lier an M SSialbee Soum |inb mir 
itfit (btn bitfe Iwlbtnmanntr btgtantt unb wtttn, baf ifit'S 
jutTli aue mtimm 9)unbc fibttn foU: fit ^bcn eurt SSurg 
■Ditbei ttfb^ni bit ®tgenb i|t fttir btr 1Dtin%a tobtl" 

Twc grtift Siittn ftocitt um^r oU fd (c> n»(^bf in bit 
XrAumt bti tMiganocntn 91a(I)t jwnidgtfunttn: ba naf)tt ful) 
i^ btt Altefte ber bcoaffnettn 8anbltutti au(^ t^nvEtebig etoutn 
■Suupttg, nit ftin Dbtr^rr, uiA inbtm a i^m Itife ^ite tmb 
®pattn auj ben ^Anben nolimf Itgtt n tt)m tintn aUtni 
fiCbtmenj mil @i>Ib tinseltgitn Stab in bit Ztfnti btn Btuto 
^olbe lOjBai fett unbtnfiii^ ititen gtf%t ^otttm unb ba 
itfit mit ben Qbrigtn ficiligen S«ini(icnct(^ {nrdderobtit tmc 
Zxqu jubetten bie HXSmur im Xnifc befUnbig 2>tDtniintnt 
SBoctt na<i): ,/iDit @tgtnb ift frti, ber £)rlnser tobtl" 
unb Itefkn SSaffen nnb Stnftn Iu|Us antinanber Singtn. — 


846 Sottqtti> [ERDmantfft^ e^U. 

iiQt i|t isiinii^ \e/' fprat^ bet aUe eonbtnann ju betif nod) 
immer inKifcQiaft ^tmrabem Q^ltulm. „Qu« IBraber<= 
fo^iu HHAxOl), i|l Don frim m Jtrtnjiuec ^omfldt^Ttf mtin ebter 
.^ftif unb ^ ftU gefton Qtbtnbi »o cr |u^ fn ben tzfkn 
®e^bflen fe^en liff f oOe bifft SBunbn t)dtbcad)L 6t tnoi^e 
uo^I filwn nifTeni n)ie inntg tolr unC na^ nnfenn dttta, retfitRt 
.^crtn ftfinten : benn er rtbetr unt lOU barauf an, bog wir 
®ptn unb Stitfe fuv tud) erfalTtn m^tii wU auf dn not^ 
• tiMnbiaet/ fd^ I&ngft twraut Befpro^nulf S^ i tmb ba 
gloubtcn bcim aui% bit Unentfd)la|feiwTtn/tt ffiime nu^ anbert 
rein. SDrauf flangtn bit StunnglocCenr leuc^tclm bb £itesfe 
ftun Don ben Sergtnr unb/ f^n lufarnmengeftrftintr »avea 
nic bucd) ben jungen ^ten ebtn fb f^nell georbnet unb 
vunliarfain burc^ fnnt Steben begeifEeit iDa ^g ei/ nfe un 
Sluflti bit Xl|SIn auf unb niebecr dm fic^ keenb bei ®xafm 
iBaffen(ne(i)te mtc btiden Utfen. SnbUd) eiii&nnten loir bie 
SUtttii unb bet Skof {Uh^tef oerjweifelnbi in fein ®^n)ert 
2)et: iungt Siegn ffif)Tte unl biiunfem wn^reudtentgegen; 
bfum fpienste er nac^ eurem ©tammriSe jurild, roo^l um MleS 
ju enum Smpfange ju eibmn. 3fl rt eud) nun gefiUie/ t»n 
unt ba|ineeltttet iu werbenf fo ^^ brei fanfttf ow^Igmtttne 
Siefl'e aue ben SXoilldlltn euret eignen Surg fib eu^ unb bie 
eble Srau unb bat tiotbe giiulein in unfrn: @d)aai." 

9S{t n)ett(mt(|<bmtdcn Ketnen fegncte bei attt ^ta fein 
ttcuei/ ta^ifenS BioRi bit Stotfe muiben ^beigefil^} num 
^ob bie bcei ccre^Eten >f>(nfd)aften tiinouf unb jog in ficnmnttti 
3utel ben !Btg nad) ber SStammbuig enKang. 

iDcr aCte Sanbtnann ft^ritt itnmer neben be« Slitter* ¥fnte 
^ unb et|il)tt( son bem Jt<iin)ifc bieftc 9tai^ unb von ben 


3>« Sitflrttranj.] Jfotqnt. 847 

munbttfamcn Zfjotai SUd^bi. 9&U nun 8cutf)oIb mit maif 
fcnbn %aait unt> Sanmnbcnina btt Wttffm Scof^igltit 
unt Stlt^mntra^ uiA ^Ibtngtift in utilfa^ mdifrlnlxn Sc 
gebenijdteit Knul^mf Ti^oa il)m tnblii^ ba< eblc .{kii fo 
tinsr^Am vor banKotxr Scscifkntngf bap a tout auSritfi tnn 
ganjen 3u3e twrnt^mlMi: vSo st<oi>' it^ b<tnt ^ mtinn: 
ntttttuM ®t)v' unb 2mi(( bap unftr mut^igei Stetttr boS 
Sicbfb jU Sigen ^abcn fnOr nui id) nm auf btt @rbc (emur 
unb boS i^ md« ^dbt 9Ii(^ JDiotmina t ®it fei i^nt ecrlobt ' 
t»c ®ott unb 3lten|<^l" X)rr ^atCt bit nd)te ^unbi nit 
)um eibcr gegtn btn i^imntel auietfii(<tt- ^^^ 3ufl ^ICr 
ftaunenbf unb bftro^t btn glfi^btn Sifie i ftint ^uSFrau 
abtr fa^ tobtenbldi^ dot ®#x[kn aui unb brat^ tnblid) 
m£i^ani bit Sorb ^ttwr: vSKann, SRoiml Sae twll bu 
gtt^on? tSb^ nod) biefti Mrbttblid)! UnetfUim mta fo 
ipnStm -Cuar ? &it^ boc^ um bit^ no nni ftt^ t £a i|t 
ia bit £apclle/ bannnen unftr tinjigtr So^n fd)Uift j tmb bv 
^ft glrf(^ na^ btfltn gaU jDiottcintni fionimrt Stifibbe um^ 
wmommcnf alt reinc Straut unftre Sigtbolb )u leben unb 
}u ftarbtn. IStUt) dn Stbf^ntur fon benn nun gtbro^ 
nxrben? 3^ obtr bdntr}" 

iDtr aUt dStta litfl bit ^tmi in groftr SttrAbttifi ftnltn unb 
ftufjtt: ii^CaS ift til Dtt ^immtl ftrtut ftbit ^([cf)fftn 
©abtni unb btr gjltnfd) Btrtt^rt fit im ifigrttoftn Subtl M 
tarn Strberbtn." — Z}er ganjt 3ug bliCCtti traurig utA tt= 
fc^rodnii auf ben Kr|Urt(n .^ercn. Da t^t ZXotuHna mit 
tintm SneettlAd^In i^tn f^ntn SSunb auf unb fagtt : irSSattr 
unb Stuttrr, Utt&it (u(t) Toiif. 3<4 btnfti unfcre IStbt laufen 
niiit fo ^gtn einanberi nrit i^ fiird^" — Unb }uni alttn 


348 ^onqnr. [91amanttf^ SSd^t. 

eonbinann qtUifct, fu^ |Te fort: „^Bo1)tc nift ifyc Una, ba$ 
tuecSnfA^rer uon ^uteKo^t (benStictiaibinu;?'' — rrSSdn 
©ottf eblte ^&uIeiR/" tntgtqruU bet XfU, »iMt foOtt rt bcnn 
anbert flewcftn fein ? Stug n- jo M bi« gotben unfert ^otb 
fc^rtlidien .^uttj itnb b(|fen 3B(i^njei^n aufStlbbinbe unb 
@^ 1 Sto la bo<I) fein aSefen unb feine Sprat^ unb Vxt 
jn Ktten goiQ unb gai na^ ICit imferec iKnren 1 Kud| rief er 
bel SStamtn^aufeg Slamen immer mit fuidgtbat ^ntiiifix Sixitqf 
fKmme auS, fo oft fdn ®i!^nKl in bie .^ufen bnr geinbe ^tiu 
^flog. Sor ei fpra^ me^nnaU gu unl/ niii fM)ten unter 
tiimn ®frci$liiti ber ecfatcn SBurjel. SBet hmatt ei bmn nun 
onbere feinr aU Sunfer 9IuI»ib ? @ein Xntlt^ ^ ^reiUc^ 3ltes 
monb eefd)auti berni et tnig bai ^Imgittei: tmmec gefdjlontn." 
— »0c laft eud) btnn erj&^Ienf waS mii ^eute )u Kad)) bf 
gegnet ifb" fagCe iCtotnnna mit nlgcbener @timme unb feier: 
Ulim SBefnti „unb ^irt mk at^tfom ju: benn i(^ »be bit 
ceine SSa^iIieit. 3di ^nb an meimm Aammerfenfta: unb Ue 
9af/ t^ mil ^1^ CLutHmaffer, t^ and) mil etpcn 
Xtir&nnif ein fc^eSr blii^beS aXqd^nb&umtetnf bat i^ mil 
fiiSjtt in gUctli^cn Seiten ju mrinet SSiaiitfcont ^tte attfe 
littjta nwUtn. 9tun prangte tt nmnber^erriid) i abet bai gfftr 
bem e< ttui^n follttf nxn; fto aOe 3eiten nenwlft. 3n btefen 
nnb i^Iic^ ®ebanten war idj burdi etn @eT&ufi^ vcc ber 
Jtonuncrt^i^ 0e|lirt 3d) tomite beutlic^ ^6r<nf nne StuaS 
tnft Uii^nf lefftn, abec maffenHkrenben Sritten bit Deine 
Sitiege ^aaa^bm i ttnb n>eU JBattr unb aXuttti fi^ I&ngft 
untni fd^nif H aud) tief in bit 9ta^ eing: flbtrtief mi^ ein 
banger ®d^uber. X)a maijU ei bie a^&: ^ ouf } ein gt> 
panjerto: TCtm ^ bic gelbbinbe ^ertin. bie id; meinem IBiSU' 


t)tt StestSfcanj.] ^otmat. 349 

tigam gefHttt ^attt/ ui^ Me ti)m mit in ben SSaxq geUgt vxa i 
barm fagte ti bcaufcn mit SigeboIH Stimme : 3i^ Mn rt. 
jEXirf ii^ t)ei(in, o^ne bn^ ii^ btc^ )u Zab' eif^dc? 3n 
@otte$ Stamen rief ii^r voi Su>^C unb ®c^nfu(^t jittemb. 
iDa ttat ber bleidie, get;atntf^te Sungling mit aufgef^genetn 
.^Imfhii:}! ecn|l unb (angfami int @emac^ 3(f) tannCe fine 
^tben ^flge wal]! niebtr unb f)atte b»^ nid)t cec^t bas ^eiji 
fjineinjufe^r (0 bof i^ noi^ ni^ tnft mir einig tin^ ab ^tmi 
Xugtn port unb t)o^l tDoiaif mit tie einet Xobteni ober mitb 
glAtKnbf vie fon|L Srauifif) bu bit ^Stip.^ nod) ju beinm 
.^tu^eittofl? fugle er ireunUid). 3d) fd^fittelte baS ^aupt 
@ennflii^ niaimerme^ 3c^ fil^fittelle mitbei. Kdi)( bat 
a, goi^ fo f(!^eid)elnb ! lieb nnb Cceut)et}isr mie fonfl im 
8tbtnf finite mil bod) tinen SKegeSttont barauSf mdn Sliiuts 
d)(n fd)tn t iDenn (ie^f mic i^ {U^IatTen. bat @efi^ft bn 
9iai^ unb EKettung in bieftm bleid)en @TbtnIei6e ju itbtn i unb 
roenn ec fid) bann mitbet in ben Sarg legti nimmt et ben 
Siegettconj mit 3d) fIo(l)t unb floc^ cm|tSf unb flod)! bie 
Snxiee al^umal in rinen fd)6n(n .Rranj. !Dct fflrlutigom ftanb 
lange unb fd)it)etgfam an bee Z^&c. TOS lit nuti fertig motr 
ba beugfe er Ttine JCnie dot mic i id) fe^e i^m btn £ranj auf 
ben -^elmi unbi ^inautf^citenb/ fpiac^ ei iurSct: 0ei aud) 
nid)t bangei f^£n Gieb^n/ menn'8 nun uon ®d)la^tl&nn burd) 
bie aE^lra taufd)!. iD« Siiig ifl mir »on ®ott in meine *anb 
gegeben. Unb bomit grfi^ er* Kbfi^b m|)menbr fo atmut^i^, 
bat ad mcin Sangen fi^anbi unb i^ i^m na<^Uic^In mu^> 
mie e^alb n»nn er auf ein freubigeJ Zurniec twn mir ^ins 
au^og. 9Inr aU i^ i^n auf feinem Sk^met fo fe^ fi^neQ 
unb Euftfs bun^ bie 9ta<^ t;tnf)}Rnsen faf)f fam mti^ ivieber 


860 ^ttU^ni. [Stotnantif^e €Sci)ub. 

tin Stawn on. 3^ leimt nun eunm StttUi/ t^mt QUtm 
tmb gftitmt JGott onb nxnn t^, ait f^ nii^ btnn tonim 
bint, SaftUt unb Skira trtffntn aotSt, jneiflc i^ nii^t, bra 
aSQct^fcan) nm mrinrt IStiutigatnt .^Im nitb taOj tit 
SBa^t^ oUn: metner SBottt bcjtitigni." 

®ie fa^n lid) alljumalf ril)n)ete(nti unb jtwi^tnbi an. grnliit) 
tTf)ob flcb in manner SSruft bee &tbcai1tr Xiotminaa ^Ibtr . 
(Sei|i fri burrfi bit ftttfamen eegeben^riten bra Sa*t unb roo^l 
aui^ burd) eiiftn fitri^baien Siauin jnnAtteti aba uxnn man 
tt fi^ jurdtfrieff wie bcfonmn ^leitra fie Urn ^uffi auS b« ^iJRe 
trettnbi btgegnet »ac: fo ConnU bitfra 3Ba^n !dnen Siaum 
nutiE flnben j nnb in bra S^at muften |UI) bit Sanblcutt tc: 
inntiiv baf i^ S^^^' na^m ra |i( gcfammclti einc tBdIe 
fhm gmeftn unb bonm mit dmnt fditntn Arani um btn '^(m> 
tuicbtrgcfommcn uai:. 60 gef^^ ee benn no^ 3)totn»nen8 
SSitte j bit SaptOt n)a[b ntffhtl ; unb bit .^nifraUf jttidftlnbr 
0b man Ut liebtn Sobttn ®ebtin fo brtift aoe Hifi rufcn 
bftrftf muTbe butd) bit S!«t)tifung bra Sanbltute btm^igtf an 
bra ®tittt 9Ba<i}t ju ^atten« bi« Zt)&c unb @d)[c0 tcitbra 
ftinftoi* atftrtifltt baflt^. SSte nun abtr bit rinattolhtt 
^rtt fo gtwoUiatn fBibraftanb tei{ltte> ba roar tt, OS bdiit 
bit A&rptmelt mit i^nr ^Hnottt ben @Iauben an itnt @t= 
fi^ung in MHra ^etjtn ju SoN. Sur Diotoina (ii^te 
iueer(ld)tlt4 bee @tRi&t)Tung i^cei: HScxtt tntstgcn. Unb ab 
lotCtt bra £tdel) unb in fdntt vcStn S&fbxnq iaq, aitfqt= 
fn^Iagntn iBifttE/ btr iunge ■^Vi mit ISt^Inbem Xnt% bo, 
ben GitgeeCranir geflo^n aut bra SSiptt^nbont feinra IStts 
lobtenf um [tin btiKlmleJ ^uft Sa fan! lOki ju SSobcn 
unb banitt unb ipitifett @ott. SHotwlna abtr lifett ^eubia i^ 


StbtU 1809.] 



unb brt D^eima ®elfl6be. ©it oerbatrte aB tie twuf BntoWe 
bte SitterB bis an ititHi SoS, in bn Si^ frinn: Jtaptttt dn 
QeinM >^u£Utn ixwo^nenbr kxIc^ SHt^rbr aU rr nad) uitbn 
3a^Kn »irtli<i6 ^mlant unb bic Srbf^afl, t^m oon btn btibm 
aitta buten in ptttn Snibcn ^tntcrlafTtnf antcat, gu einem 
f46nnt ^toiHnGo^E nati^ttti unttr bcftn 6cl)inn bic SSigt: 
baOtbqwne nodt) knee nac^fter eiiu SStitte uolt ^Kiligtn 
@(t)aiib»e unb dn 3ieE nitln: SBoSfa^n gtblitbtn i^ 

® e b e t. 

X)u UrqiuS allec aSat^ti 
fiinb^aud}enb aui ber SlutlK, 
KIto&rtg ift bit brtattt 
@in Semptl unb ein ge^i 
Xllioirta Don bir Bd«it"f 

9u (tt^ft in bieC mctn 

*ennftr«iit fiufl unb SRcI^ : 
ajlilb wintt bnr ^timot Serjei 
^ji^n tuft glontiurb'Btt Sob j 
SJlit mir in ein« jufammen 
@((Iinat fid) bti JCinbUinS 

^ulbj [menr 
Unb brauf en leu(lf)ten Sloni? 
Kbbiennenb ®d)tna^ unb 


Sneit bin id) ju ftnbm 
3nt ^ompfr btr ]I^ntn mert^f 
9lur fid)'K Mt SSerberben 
!Eitir aSeib unb Jtinb am 

iDdn ift in mix bit eittxi 
iDit bteffn beiben quiUt« 
iDein au$ |inb mut^'gt 

Sown bie £Bru|l mtt ft^wilCt. 

S£tann eS |t(^ milb ges 
So laS ti, ^ttt, gefdKtli"' 
iDtn grieben filrttr walUn 
Unb ©itt' unb SJu^' 6«llef)n. 
SBo nif^it, fo gieb gum SBertc 
Un« eid)t in ^tamttmiit { 
Z)U en'ge Sieb' unb @t&iler 
£(in SBoKen fei Dali:brad)t. 


8fi2 ^anqnt. [Somaittif4e &iflk. 

SBetiin bu mid) tM^ 
3u frommen Htbtt^btni 

X)eui ISot' int fiUltn .^tutS/ 

teouc^iumtvadniietmt) SXm^ nnil im ^immtl auj. 

gebenS ^etbjTlieb. 

ffa^ »o^I, bn ^lU eiebe, 
iDeine fiif( ^ ifl iint. 
aSaS aui^ fonft mtr ®d)&n«e blubt, 
£trin @efUt^ niteb nuti fturnni. 

SEt&mfl bu nixf) jU mrinen aBegenr 
Sniunr bit SERenr^cn lad)ten bein. 
Xaum in biefen ^Uliccf^Uigen 
iDotffl bu mtr lebcnbtQ fciti. 

90(8 ^t ja r«nt SIOtlK, 
Xltet finbet ia fein @(cab j 
asa* im grilfjlinaStufit (rglii^fe, 
giUt im .^bfit erIUtet ab. 

Caufenb fjafen Wrt gefangen, 
Xoufenb ftngcn'S Mnftig out^; 
6ci biei Steb benn mit ertUingm 
9ta(^ bt£ gtofen Sl)c»e Staui). 

One of the Tomaacists vhoBe imaginatiTe and 
catholic tendencies led them to Borne, was bom at 
FrMikfort, 1777. Four years after entering that 


XEX- 3a^^] SrentHiu— Srufni. 858 

church, he became (1822) a member of the " Pro- 

Hie chief merit coneifita in great power of imagi- 
natioii. Hia plots are akilfally and ably devised, but 
less succesafiiUj carried out. There is in hie writingi 
much of poetry, but very much of bewilderment. 
Amongst these are, besides hia tales and poems, 
some satires, and one or two dramatic pieces. The 
work which evinces most simplicity of design and 
language, is the " Qe»okichte vom brao»n Kavperl 
und dem achanen Aitnerl." Bbbntawo joined 
Abbim in editing the valuable collection of old 
bardic poetry, entitled " Dei Ukaben Wimderhom." 
It is just to say that the two works, for which he 
has been so severely condemned, have been bought 
up by the poet as &r as was possible, and destroyed. 

l.u^tDig 9ctim bon amtm 

(1 781— 1831), 
The intimate friend of Bbentaho, was bom at 
Berlin, January 26th, 1781. He studied medicine 
at C^ottingen, and died near Berlin, on the 21st of 
January, 1831. 

Abkiu may be considered one of the chief oma- 
ments of this school. He is thus accurately de- 
scribed by VARNHAaEir vos Enhe: — "Endowed, 
and that in no scanty measure, with qualities that 
ever indicate the true and genuine poet, we see at 
onoe in him an inborn ardour of mind, a native 


354 9rnfm. [StemoMif^ Sifiiie. 

nobility of soul, > mighty imagination, great powers 
of deecription and imperaonatioii, aingiilar deameas, 
and a fluency and buoyancy of style quite his ovn. 
Nop are these qualities confined to his larger works, 
but are visible throughout the whole of his pro- 
ductions. The charm of some of his best tales is, 
we must confess, occasionally broken by their dis- 
cursive character, which disturbs in a certain degree 
the current of the reader's thoughts." Our extract, 
"Der tolU Inealide" (The mad Invalid), is per- 
fectly &ee &oin this objection, containing, indeed, 
scarcely a superfluous word. TTib most important 
production, "Die Orafm Doloreg" full of deep 
thought and poetical fimcy, has been wvmly eu- 
logised by Laube and Jean Faiti. It contains 
many masterly delineations of character, unongst 
which are those of Waller, the " sentimeutalische 
Dichter," and of the heroine, the Countess Dolores. 
The novels, "Die Sronentoachler " (The Crown- 
Gvar^iaia),"IsabellewmjE^i/pten," "AngeUcaund 
Ooimut" are all exceediogly popular. The former 
cleverly depicts the days of the Emperor Maiimi- 
lion. Some dramatic pieces cS Axsni deserTe- 

£)ei totle Snvalibe auf bem Sott StatDnneau. 
^taf I)ilranbe, ba flute tiltt JCommanbant wn aXairTwIte 
\<it rinfam fturcnb an cinetn talt ftflrmrabeit Ottotnabenbe 
bri bem f4(ed)t cinserv^ttten Jtamint fefnn jKa^IDoIItn Stms 


IDci toOt Snealibe.] Htnlm. 355 

maiAanlennwItniing unb iMtt {mmn: n%T unb n!i^ jum 
gtucTi w&^nb bie .Rutf(^n )u eintm gcolitn SaSc in bn 
Strafe twrttto; CDttCtiii unb ftin JtammeibieiKi SBafftti ba 
gugltii^ r^n titbftcr @l(fenfi;^|to uox, im Sorjimnur fiefttg 
fi^atd)U. Xu<4 im f^U^ Siantnitf) ift tt n^t immer 
maniif badite bet altc .^erti unb f4^(n tnit bem Jtopfei bie 
aXtnf^tn bicibtn auif) ba liicl)t immn iungi abet bte leblMftt 
gtfielUat StnxgURg nimint fo UKnig SRActfi^t auf bai Xlterr 
n>{t bit ^ufunfi auf btn SBinter. SBue foOte er, b» ISfKf 
alln SnuaUbcib bic bamaU (loi^itnb bri fiebcnjii^etn 
SMtgfi) bit <EBtfa4nng von SSorfrine unb ffinn Sorts aufe 
madfttiu mit feintm f)61itTncn Seint auf btm SBaCter nid)t 
(inmal bit Ettutenantt fcinrt Sbgimentl nutm jum Xanjt )u 
brau<^ -tier am famine fd^ i^m bagegen fein tiUjemtJ 
iBrin Ijidjft braudjBor* ntU (t SSoflet nid)t nxcbn motf)tt/ urn 
ben Sonot^ grOna DltKn&|Ui ben tr (i^ jut 0eite fiattt ^ 
(tgcn laftn/ oltm&titig in Ue glamuH }u fd^btn. Sin foIc^£ 
gtuet ^at giDfen Steiij bit tniftecnbe glamme t^ mit bcm 
gdinen fiaubt »ie buri^i^n/ iMlb btenninbr ^Ib gcimtnb. 
jDci aUe ^m bad)tt babri an Sueenbgtani unb otrtitftt fii^ in 
ben eonptuetionen itiav Seutmitrte, bit tr fonfl f^on fir btn 
^f angeorbnet' ^( unb \ftm\ktt auf neuci nod) manni<l)c 
fa^nt Sarbenftra^ltn unb UTt^nngtn, buci^ mld)t tr am 
SeburtUaQt btS Atntgi tit Starftillcr ibata^iim nwKte. Qi 
fat) nun leertr in feintm £opft oU auf bem SoIIe aui. Ttba 
in btr Sctube btS Stlingenif nrit er f(l)on aOte fba^Itn, faufeni 
praffeln/ bonn miebtt aKtS in fKOer @r&$t Itu<I)ttn fa^ ^aftt er 
immer me^r Clitxnifit inj geutc etfd)oben unb nid)t btnttrft, 
ba^ ftin ^M)tmt( Sein S'uer gefangtn t)attt unb fc^n urn ein 


356 Urnim. [StonuuiKf^i ei^Hit, 

IDrin^ abgtbiamt vxa. Qr|l \ttti oU n ouffpnngai mUUt 
■veil btr ffceit e<%luft bat Sufftngni t>on tau|inib Statcttn 
fnnc OinbilbuiieSbaft btp%Ue unb aO^taamU, bamttu a, 
iatxm a anf ftiiwn yolffn^^ imU fonlr bof fdn tj^tmct 
JBtin Kttftrjt feif unb bafi bcr St^ (m<^ noc^ in btfi^flli^tn 
Slaminm ftt^. 3n bn Stotth n^it ebi^ aaffommnt {n 
tGnnnir rCicttc tr Ittnen @tn^ n>ie rincn ^^c^Uttn ' mit.bni 
flammtnbcn Seine bit in Uc Stfttt bet ^Immectj def feinen 
iDitiin onb b<inn nai^ IQaffa- Wit rifcignn Snnik^n finang 
itint in biifem Kugenblidt tint ^aa ju ■^Alfti bit in bat 
dimmer einstlalfh)/ tangt bur^ tin befi^tibnet ■^fttn bie Xttfs 
mtrtf omfc it bet Xommonbanten ouf fitii )u git^ ge[u(^ ^otttr 
bod) cline Qifo%. 9it fadtft bat J^iki mit i^ S<i)ftcie |u 
Uf(^, abei bie glfi^bt Jto^Ce bti Stint fcete bit ed^tteje in 
glammcn unb bti: JComntanbont fi^ nun in roiiflic^ct 9tcit^ 
nod) >^iUfe> nod) 8nit«L Solb biongtn biefc Don bn @affe 
iKieini au(^ BalTtt U)ar tntiattit j btr bctnnmbt SuEI> bit broK 
ntnbt ®4ilv bcac^te aOe int Sadienj bod^ mit b«n often 
ffiaffnrimn:, ben Sanet auS bei £^ ^oUtr wai: ollet 9Cl£f^ 
unb bit Eeute tmpfatiten m. XHt aime ^au tiiefte Mm 
SkfliRTi |fe toimte fid) ni^ gleid) Mm SSc^c«ttit tt^tkn, btr 
Xommanbant Utf i^x ftintn wonnen Stodtloi ' um^ngen unb 
tin Stat fiorten fiStin rticfaen. ZHt Srau nwOtt aber mOjti 
nt^men unb ^iflai^tt nur iibec ifir Ungl&I unb bat ben £inns 
monbantenf mit i^ rinige SBortt int @e^tim jn fpredjcn. 
®o r^ii^ <* fciixn nodildfTIeen £iientr fort unb Te^te 1ic^ fbrgi 
fitm in i^ 9t&^ hSc^ mein SSann," fagte fit in tinun 


Ski tolte SmMtibt.] ^rnfiit. 837 

^^mben btutf^n jDiabCCIe bti S^at^tfifditn/ Hinein fDlann 
fomtnt iMn ©inneiif xatxm n bie (Stfdii^te d&rt ) ait, tncin 
ann» 9Kann/ ba fipUtt it)itt ba Scufcl |i(^ toittm einen 
etcdc^!" i{)a Jtonmonbant ftagtt nad) b(m SSantK uiA irit 
fftau fagtt (^ni( baf fit tbtn ut^a bteftS ^rrt litben URoiutrt 
jn i^inee!i>minni(i^eiiunSr(rf bf(C6«tfttnt>om9tegfituntt 
?>iE«&fe ju abttbringen. ©et Obetflt fctft bie SStUlf auf. 
ntomitc bdi Bopptn fciiKt Smti^eS unb bun^Uef baS 
Gi^ceibenr bnnii fugle «: »Xlfi} ®te ftnb jenc SbfaliCf efiu 
geboctu 2)nnotf(U(4{lIc oufl Coi^igr bit btn ®ctgeantm Sram 
(MUT st^dt^ ^tr oU a mn Xopf Kiminbet in Mpjig 
eefanem log? Siji^ Sic! Ka« nxmn 3^ SUtnu 
UgUn bit 3^n(n tein ^inbttnte in ben aSes? Unb nut twt 
bran 3^ 3Nann r& fd)eTi^fte @tillra aU ^Igt feiiut Jbnpf: 
munbt betialtnif bit i^n sum SeIbUen|b untau^id) matfitenf 
obglticf) ft al6 bn btaetb unb gcfi^dte^ SSergtant, oU bit 
@eelt b<B EReeimratt gtcu^ttt nwcbt?" 

iDit Si^au oji^Itc nuHf nrit |u i^tra SHaitn in foipjifl untet 
JBenDimbtttn gcfunbtn* ilin etpflegtf i^n Don ■^ccjen Iteb gc* 
nionntn ^hr unb feint Siau gnmrttn |^ iDie Aip^tninbe 
fd jnoc iu^ttUifi et^ttlt notbenf ^be abeij mit ed fdidntr bit 
@innt bt* guttn S>^amoeuT tin wtnig in SSetmiming gtbiad)! 
unb btr aSunbotjt dabe bM^alb aXiitti a UJbt an ISa^n^ 
ut& mAttt Ktmisltenf tin ¥*iii» Sa^ im nonntn JUima bti 
ben SnMlibtn jubcingtnf cb fii% bitfti Hebel tntOtidit au^d)dbt. 
S^m aber fti gtfogtf ba$ tr jur ®traft nwgra tint* begangenen 
UngttiorfiimA eegtn ben Eomtnanbinnbtn (SmatH unttr bie 
Snoolibtn {ommtf unb it f« mit SitRP&ifi^ungen bom ERegis 
mente gefi^ben. iDie $Tau f(^| bamt i^t Sttbt on ben 


358 arnftn. [8t«manltfif)( S(^te. 

1, 3(i) but mtE baB ®^€{b(n txm Cittften anli i4 bcf'^''^ 
3f)nra lutraulid) VIM jv cr£tfncn> bamit « ni(^ no^ ber 
©trtngt trt (SefeSrt, fonbern na(^ ftinem UneliiA WTfn rin= 
gigt Uifacfw mtint Ckbt hkiti btuct^tiU tetibti vxA baf €Sie 
itiTi ;n fciium SBtfltn in (tnc EIciiM abgtltQent Cctfi^ Itgcnf 
batnit n; ^n in btr gro^ Stabt ntd)t jum (Seccbe bn bute 
leicb. XbtTr Qn&biQn ^m, 3^ (S^TnuDort bairf km Srau 
f(i)an ^xrbetni Mt 3^n(n ^ut€ eiiun fleincn £)ienfl cncicftn/ 
ba$ ©it bii*®«5riinni6 frinet Sranttirit, axtdjrt re filbfl ni*t 
a^ntt unb baB feincn Stolj tm4)6»n »&^r unonbrfidilid) be 
warren." n ^An mtim ^anbi" ritf ber Xomnianbant, b« bit 
tt^( grau mit aBo^l^aOtn angtt)6rt ^tttf „ nod) mt^tr icd 
win 3^t giirbitte brtiniat (t^6Kn. n»nn gtancotut bumme 
estieii^ niad)t. Cafi SStfh abtc i|t bttft )u wmttibtni unb 
barum fcfiidt 1$ i^n sleicf) ;ut ^lifung nac^ dntm ^crti baS 
nur bcti 9Xann Stfa^ung tiraui!^ j SHc finbtn ba ^ fit^ nnb 
3t)t Xinb tine btqnemt SBo^iuine, « ^t ba wenig Strans 
lalTung gn Z^or^tibni unb bit n bt^^t bleibtn Mifcf)n)ite(n." 
ICk grau banftt f&; bieft gfitige tSorforetf tO^e bem alttn 
.^trrn bit .^nb unb n Inu^ctt Oft baf&Tf oU fit mit oitltn 
£nirtn bit Sreppt ^unttt^n^ 3>aB UHinbrett ben altea 
XommtcbitRtt SSatfttf unb re na^ fi^ vor, ^auijubcingtnr 
waB bre -^eCT Aommanbant mit btr Srau Dtctjanbelt ^bc 

9tun ^attc ber altt ^ra bit @tn!0^^ ICbtnbB im !Btttt> 
ipenn n ni(f|t [(^fen buTitt, aQeS nme ant Sagt gtfdje^nf 
lout ju ikbti^tnlenf aU ob tt btm IBttte Ttint fRAAftt ^Attt 
abflntttn m^tn. Unb nilnrenb nun bit So^tn Mm Sallt 
iinHidrolUta unb i^n wac^ re^ielttn, (autrtt Saffet im anbtrn 
Simmer unb ^c bit gon}! Unterttbungr bit {fim uai fo 
loi^tigtc fdiitni n>til grancoeur ftin eanbBmami uab Sltfli* 

■Ore tm SnooHbe.] flmfm. 859 

tntntSIatnRab gcnxfntr obglctd] er del &tta aU SrancKut 
war. Unb nun batfitt n glric^ an dncn fOttnd)' txn n !annt(r 
bei f(^n manct)tn ben Seufel au«getneben ^attt unb ju bent 
rooltte er gtanweur balb ^nfiitirenj er ^ottt eine redrte gteute 
an Duadfalbttn unb fceute fic^ dmnal nrieberi rintn StuftI 
aunretiien gu fe^n. Stofalit Iwttef fe^r befdetjat Jibei ben 
Srfole i^S S^uifii gut stfACoftn ; fie lauftt am SSorgen 
eine neue SSdiAtje tmt trat mit bieflEC i^item fERonne entgegen, 
btr mU entfttlidieni @ffan9e fcine mAben Snooliben in bic 
etabt Wt/ctt. Si Witt ftc, ^b (u in bte Cuft ui^ fagte ibe : 
„ Su riedift nad) bem tn)ianifd)en Sranbe> i^ ^bt !Dtd) mieber. 
ff^ne ■Helena!" — aofolie entfitbte |td) unb %ielt ti f&t 
nit^ aB « fragte, ami ju etfiffneni bof fit iwgen bet SBoij: 
nung beim Cberflen genxfcnr ba^ bicfem gerabe bat Kein in 
Slammen geftanbeni unb bafi itue @(^e berbrannt. 3t)m 
mat tS ni^t ttifti bag lit nitiit biS ju feinei 1Cn!un^ genxartet 
fjobe, bod; Mrgag er baS in taufenb ®piSen iibec bie bnnntnbe 
Sidi&tie. (Sv ttelUc batauf feine itatt bent JCommanbanten 
votf t£t)mtt aKt i^tt Ceibfit^n Qtetodien unb geifKgen Sugenben 
fb octigr baf er bet alten ^ntn jBo^Inotbn etwarbf ber fo in 
fi(6 meintc : bie ^rau litbt i^ui aba fie i|l eine iSeutfn^ unb 
MT)let)t binen Stnnjofen ) ein StanBaTe ^at inuner ben Xeufel 
im Setbe 1 — Qi Iie| i^n infi Simmer tommenf um i^n nS^r 
lennen ju temen> fonb ifjn im SBefefligunglwertn nw^I untet: 
rid^tti unb mat i^n nod) me^ txtt^dtii er fanb in i^m einen 
leibenft^aftlic^n SeuerlOnfKeri ber bei feintm Sle^ente fd)on 
dOe Srten ^iMoatAt au«gearbeiUt fiatte. Xer Aommanbont 
trug i^m feint neue l£cfinbung ju einem Jeurcnxrle am 
©eburtKage b«« JtSnigfl our, 6ei ml^ i^n ge|hm bet ffitin. 


860 Srn&H. [aEomontifi^ e^nlt. 

bcanb gcfUrt ^attti unt Srancocur ging nrit funblntn S8t= 
Oriftonna boconf tin. 9tun nit^rtt i^ bn lOttt boS ir 
mtt (wri anlwni SnooUbtn bit Brint SSffa^uiiB brt gortS 
Statonntou ablfifen foCtttf tort fri tin gto^ ^ultKroonat^ mtb 
bort folic (T mit ftintn 6«iben Siolbattn fl^fig fltateten ffUInif 
geunr&bec bnf)cn nnb S^^ binbcn. 3nbem bci Xonf 
manbant i^m ben &tHitfitl ba ^^uIOKt^iinne unb bai 3>n)(n= 
torium ttiiftt, fiti i1)m bit ffltbe bee ^an tin in^ tr ^U i^n 
mtt btn ffiMen noc^ feft: nXbet end) plagt bod) nfc^ bee 
Stufrt unb 3()t ftiftet mtr Un^ ?" — /,gjtan barf ben Seufel 
ntd)t an bie ffianb moleni fbnft V>t man i^n im SpiegcV 
anttcoTtete Sianioeut mit tinem geniffen 3utcantn. JOai %ab 
bem Jtommanbairten SJerttautni a ttf^t iSfm ben S(^IAfftI< 
basSnventaiium unb ben Sefe^l an bic jetigt Seine @hinnfoni 
aujiujie^ ®D lourbe a entlolTcn unb auf bem <^aujfiuc 
fiel i^m Safit um ben ^16, fie ^en fid) gleit^ ntannt unb 
erji^Wen etnanbtt in aUtt Afirje, loie ti i^ntn eieangen. Xxtif 
nwi( S^antoeur an gro^ Strcnge in oUent !D!ilitQinfd)en ^ 
teb'^nt noTf fb rif er fit^ lot unb bat il)n auf ben n^ficn 
®onnlagj nxnn er abbmmen t&nnter ju @hif) na^ bem gotl 
9iatonneaU( ju btfTen Sonnnanbantenr ber er felbft )u fein bit 
@^re l)abe. 

iDer Sinjug auf bem Sort war ffir TCSt gleic^ fr^Iidh bit 
abjie^nben Snoaliben fatten bie fd)Ane :iCn6ft^ auf SRarfeille 
bii jum Ueberbruffe gcnofftHf ui^ bie Siniie^uben uattn ents 
t£i(tt Aber bie Zut^, Um bai jierUC^ Serb ilber bie bt> 
nueraen 3intm« unb BSetttn i aai) !aufttn fie oon bm l£b- 
jie^enbcn ein ^or Steven/ tin Xaubenpaar, ein Z)utenb 
^fi^nei: unb bie £unflflicCt, unt in ber Kdt)e eini^a Biilb in 


^t tofU Snnalfbc.] 9tn(in. 361 

oOcr (SSttUt belatmn (u I&nntn i btnn tnfifigt ®oIbat«i (tnb 
iljxtt Statur na^ Slgtr. Ms Scanconit fein «Mnmai*o on* 
gtttrtro, befall « foglrfd) frfnm Iwibni SollKiten, IBcuitnet nnb 
ZtfKt, mit t^ ben ^ulMdtiurm ju nrlffiintj baa SiUKntanuin 
buntflucit^tnf tint bann tfncn ecmilffn IBonaC^ jui S'umvnt' 
orbnt in bofi eaboratorium ju tragrn. iDai Snocntarium nui; 
rid)ttg unb « bff^ptgh gtri^ nnen fieiner briben ©olbatm 
intt ben Xrbetltn }tim geumiKTt i mit bent onbem ging «: {u 
oUen JCanontn unb SRiifenir imi bit nutaOiun ju potinn* unb 
bit cifcmni fd)»ati ansufh^ei^en. Salb ffiUte re aa^ tint 
^inlAnglit^ ^^I SDinbtn unb @}ranattn/ otbnttt au4 <iOt< 
@ef(f|£t fOi ntie ee fte^ muftCf urn btn einjigen ^ufgang na(% 
bem Sort gu btftreii^ »Z?ae gort ift mci)t jQ n^men!" 
ri(f K rinmol tore baS anbevt btflriftcrt. » 3<l) i»iQ baa gort 
betiaupteniaui!) atnn bie Sngl&nbct mit Ijunbecttiitifenb tDtatin 
lanbtn nnb fUrmen ! Wbn bit Unotbnung mat feitr gtoS !" 
,f ®o |T(f)t tB tibaan auf ben Sorts unb ISotterieen aaS/' fagtt 
%^pK, ifbtralte&mmanbant (ann mit ftinem Stelsfuf nt^t 
me^fonxittteieen/unb^ottlcbl bie tefit fft el ben SngUinbent 
nod) nii^ eingefafUn iutanben."— „a)a! muS anbertBjttbtni" 
ritf f^aneocurf ^i^ n>iU mil ttebec bit iuag/c orebrtmieni t^ 
^ jugebti bafi unfile ^tinbt fOtatftiOe einifd)em obet mic |te 
boc^ fic^ten mft|Ten." — 

Sit gtau ntuSte ifim tielftni bat ^auetmeirl con (Stai unb 
SKooS iu ttinienif H abjuueifitn unb bit grbenSmtttel In ben 
Xafcmotttn ju Ifipen. 3n ben erjbn ^gtn minrbe fall nid)t 
aefi^aftnr (o ti^b ber untimfibli^ gcancoeui iitr Vrbeid unb 
ftine gef^idtt >^nb ferttgte in bitfre 3eitr nwiu tin Xnbeiec 
modi einen aSonot gebrauitt ^itte. (Bel biefre a^Sliebit lief en 


362 XrnfiH. [gtmnanttf^ ®^I(. 

jfin feint QhriOtn ni^n i n not ^aftig } aba atlet ju dntm 
fcfbn ^itlti anb Stofolit fcgntte ben 2a0r t« il)n in tiefe ^t^ne 
EuftTtgion gtbra^r no btc SEniftl tnne 3Sad)t dbn i^ ju 
tiabtn fi^inu Xut^buSBittnung ^ttt lidiburt^jQenbungM 
ZSinbrt nm&ttnt nnb n^Uti ba| i^nm etn ncuer ©omtntr ju 
btgegiuit fi!i)iin { tJlglicii Itcfen 0(l|tffe im -^fen rin unb aut, 
giAfUn unb wucben btgifl^ von ben gortf am SRceie. StoTalier 
bit nteomSXcm 9nvt(tn( gloubtc fi<I)in dncai^nreSBtttixts 
fittr unb i^ JCnabe ^tutt fidv nad) fo raand)K l)arten @in< 
terlmmg auf fitagcn unb in iBiit^|tubnb b<r ooHtn S^ftfitEt 
in bem einsefitlofTenni tUinen ®arttn bet gactSf btn bie 
^rfi^tcen Stno^nn nad) Xrt to SMbatnir btfonbtrS bn 
UrttUeriflcnf mit ben tfinfBid)ften mat^matifc^n fiinienwrbins 
bungen in Su^baum arjitrt ^tnt i^n Abnflattnte bii 
gat)nt rait ben fiilienr ba Sttlj ^ancoeiu'Sf tin fteenteii^s 
3eid)en ber Si^au> bit tint aebocnt Hiv, bit titbfte Untti^Uung 
bti £inb(B. @o lam bn «jle Sonntag non KOen stftgnet 
unb gnincMUT befool f'inti: ^rau/ ffic btn SBittae i^ etnuC 
©uteS ju btforgtn, mo tt fcinen greunb SBaffet etroarte, infibti 
fnibert madite er Xnfptud) auf ttntn guten Siecfud)eni benn 
bit <^ii6nn be! Soxti Itgtcn flei6i& ItefnCt au^ tine 3a^ 
nnlbet S&gtl, bit JBtunnet gefdiotTtn fiotte, in bie Siti/t. Untrc 
bitfcn atobeititunstn torn Saffet ^inaufetteud)t unb m<a tnU 
jQdt fiber bit CtntMnUung btS goite ; «tunbt(|te |[d) auit) tm 
Stamen bet JCommanbanttn no^ btm SeuenoetCe unb eirflaunle 
Aber bie gtofe $0^1 fcrtigei Stalettn unb EeuditTuetln. 2)te 
J[rau gins nan an i^re Aiidienarbeit, bit btiben Solbattn iogen 
aufir um S^dite jut SXa^ljett ju ^lenr SUe nwUten an bem 
Slage Eed)t felig fi^rotlgen unb (i^ bie ^eitung oorieten lafftn, 


XKt UOt Smtaibt.] fimfm. S63 

bit aSafit mitgtbiai^ ^atu. 3m ®attn fof nun B3a^« bem 
grancoeuT itQta&ba unb fat) i^ fhOfditDdgcnb on< bitfn fiaete 
no* btt Urfodit. ff 34 mrint, 3^ Wt fo 9«funb aiH »it fonft 
unb XOrt maS 3t)t i^nt, ift fo otmiinftts.'' — n^i jnxiftCt 
batan?" frasttSritncocntrmitrintrXufmantine/ »ba« Willi4 ' 
nritfcnl" — Salfct fii^t orojutenleni abn grancotur ^atte 
etnxie 8uri!i)tban« in fctncm Stfnif fHa buntUt Zugt btftutrtt 
1t4 fdn £opf n^b fid)i |tint ei:ppm bc&ngttn ^ not. X)aB 
4)«i TOOT fl^n beta ormen 04»4ft« Bolfrt 8'fallo'' « fi)"* 
bilnnlKnimis mit tint )BioIinc wn ®erAd^m bttm Annmana 
bantenr n fei wm S<uf(I geplogti vcn (riiwm snbn tBiHcnf i^ 
buTt^ dnen DibenCeriftliifeen/ ben JBotn ^>f)iltn)> oocciRn ju 
tafftni ben er beftvceen cor Xffi^ ^aufbefkOt ^bci unter bent 
Sonnanbtr iaf et tine 9Xeflt ber wm ©otteBbfenft entftmten 
@acniron in ber Qeinen JtapeUt tefen mAfli!. J^antoeuc ents 
fe^ ^i) &bn Ut gtaipiit/ a fd^nmri baS er (id) blutig an 
bem tlc^ rooUe, ber folilje Bfige iiber ifen au4flebra<W( er wiffe 
ni<^ wm Seuftl unb tnenn it gar !einen gtber fo ^abe er auc^ 
md^t basegen einjunenbeni benn er fjabc nirgenbt btc Qfire 
ftintr SeEanntfdKi^ eemaAt Soffet fogte : ei fei ganj uno 
ft^fgf er ^nbe bte @<i^ aemommenf oU bee Jtommanbant 
mit (id) laut sefprci^n ^be^ a\xi) fei ja biefcr 2tufe( bit Urs 
fad)ei mnum ^i^ancoeur wm Steeiimentt fbrtsttommcn. »Unb 
utr brat^e bem Jtommanbanlen bit 9t{id)ri<^?" fragtt Sran* 
coeur jlttemb. wSun groui" antwortete ieneri HOtet in ber 
beften Sbfid)ti urn Cut^ ju entrn^tbianif menn 3^ ^er mSit 
etctUtic maHHit" "!Qir finb eefn^benffdine grancoeur 
unb fdblas (i* mr ben JEopf, (,|ie ^ mi* oerrnt^, mi* 
Ktni^f, ^at ^mti^feittn mit bem fioramanbonten/ |te ^ 


864 Staita. [9laincmtif(i)e S^^iOe. 

unenbluf) eid fit mid) grt^n unb gtlttteni (t< W ^^ uncnblit^ 
nx^ getfym, U^ bin i^ nid)H me^ ^utbigi loir f{nb ee= 
fil^benl" — UOmJUig \<HUa n fSSUt ju wertcn, ie (aater ed 
in ifim wnrbt) a fa^ loictKr bui fdiwargfli ®dfUid)en wc 
Vustflf n>i( fci( oom toUen ^nfce Sebiffmtn b«t ^imb imtnec 
in f(^n mtinnir ba trot Sottc 9*I|iIipp in b«n ®art«i unb tv 
ging mit ^eftigldt nuf i^n )ni urn ju fragm, wofi n ntdle. 
XHeftc Rieintt feine Stfd;n)irunQ anbrinstn ju mAffnir nbtte 
btn X«ufel ^ftig Qiir inbem n (tine ^ixibt in tnujtnben einim 
iiber grancKin; bcnKgit. SaJ XKeB emp&ctt Sranaxuti cc 
gebot ii)m aU ^mmonbant Ut Sort*/ ben ^la^ fosl^ {» 
vctlajTen. Xbn bee etft^nxttnt ^)t|ili|>)) eifcrtt um fo ^cftiger 
gcgcn ben Seufcl in ^ntotutf unb oU er fogac fdntn ®tab 
n^bf erttuQ ^ancoeui'e m{lita{rlf<An; ®to(i biefe S^rofiung 
1^. 9Sit isM^nbn Stirle ergrtff n ben tteinen V^ilipp 
bci feiium 3SanteI unb naif i^n dber bus ®{nei:i bai ben (Sins 
gang fdifi^td unb tcin btr gutc SSann nid)t an ben ®pi(en 
bee S^&rgtUetc mit bem Sitontel ^ingen gcbliebnir a ^ttt 
rinen ffljwewn gall bte Ibinerne Zvvppt \)inmUj: gema^t. 
Sla^e Wefem ©itttt roar ber Sif* gebettt/ baS erinnerte gtan= 
cotut an bol Qflen. @t rief nad) bem iSffen unb SloTalie 
btatlite es, etroa* er^iftt oom geutr, abet fe^r fcSligd). bemi lie 
boneitCe vAif ben 9n6ncb aufia bem ©itteii bee fid) faum vom 
er|bn SSc^cfen et^lt ^atte unb IKK cot fi* brtete, um neue 
®efa^ abguroenben t laom Ixaiftit fiti ba^ i^t ffflann unb 
Saffet, ienet ftnfittf Mefer netlegen not^ bem Sift^ bticfUn. 
®ie fcogte nad) ben beiben SSoIbattnr aber Srancoeui fagte : 
„®ie ttnnen nai^ (fen, id) ^be ^unget, baS ii) &ie Sffielt 
jertet^en (imtte." Siarauf legle |t( bte SSuppe ocTr unb gob 


XKt toOt Snwilibt.] amfnt. 865 

SSofltt aiiS Xttigldt bat ^tifiti bann gina iic na<b btr Adiiti 
tun ben SierCuc^ ju batten. ^ SQie ^ot benn metnt Jiau 
banXommanbantengefaani?"fragtc$):ancoeur. iiSSt^pty 
ontmntde Sa|Tet/ «« tcfinft^tef baf ee i^ in bet (Sefansflic 
fdbaft fo gut eenwAtn u&»i wic <Su^" rfSt foQ fie ^btn !" 
antuKTtete er. H9la(% ben Mben Solbotenr bit f(I)len> fcasCt 
pci nnt mil fe^ltf baj fcagCt (tt niAlj Sui^ fud)tt fit aU 
ttnttt X>ieiKr btj £amtnaiibanten ju vmaant, banim f&Ott (it 
Surtn aCellerf baf tr Uttfloh Sud) bot (it bat git^ SHot 
XSiein on/ gebt !!(cl)tun0f lit bcingt Su^ nud) boA ^ciftt &!ut 
Qiataiitn. SBenn bafl btr gall i|t> bonn lle^ id) aufr bann 
fii^ pt BUT f«t( anb laft mii^ titer aUein." — Saffet uwltte 
oittitKntiij abet {m XtiotnbHcb teat bit grau tnit btm Qitts 
fu<^n ^tmn. @it ^ttt il)n ft^n In bcei @tfidt gtfi^nitten, 
giitg iu Soflet utib fn^b it)m ein Sl&I tnit ben Morten auf 
btn 3e([tr: H@itien beffetn Qintuiim finbet 3^ ni^ btim 
JComtnonbantenf 3^ m&jt mid) tfi^tnl" — Sinfl*<= ^i^"' 
Srancoeur in bit Qi^Jftl, tie i&St max faft fo etoEi urit bit . 
beibtn StQiftr bit no^ bliebeni n flanb auf unb fagte : „i3t t|t 
nitlit artitiii wir finb gtfd)ieben ! " ^Sit biefen Storten gina r 
nnt^ bent ^iMrt^itnntf ^ijiei bit eiferne Xfifir aufi traC tin 
tuib f<t)lot fie miebtc ^tei fii^ ju. ^t Stau fa^ it)ni venolnt 
nod) unb tieS bie @i!i)i^el foUtn. »®att> t^n plagt btt S6(e4 
ttmtn tr nor ni<^ Un^t fK^ int ^Iceirt^unn." — h^H bai 
bet ^ultKTt^nn?" titf Safftt, »tt ftiTtnet fid) in bit Suft, 
RttttSucbunbSutt Atnbl" StU biefira ffiorttn Utf tr foct, 
(iu<^ btt axbi4 »astt |i<^ ii{(^ nritber ^eiein nnb (itf i^ 
Ii<i4 Slofalie eiltt in bit jSo^ung )u il)nm ^itibtf rif H axa 
bem Ch^loftf aut bet XSiegt, fit nufie nt(t)tg tne^c nan |t(I)( 


866 flrnttn. [Stomantffdft Si^iite. 

bcnmftM wfe fit SroiKontr onR aefoleti fo tnt^^ fit itim mtt 
ton S&At nnb fafltt ooc fit^ !)in: uSiinbi iat t^ue t4 nut 
jDdnttwcgtnr mii win btflti: mit i^ gu ftttW — Qntre 
fol4(n (Kcbanbn tam fit ^ub auf imm folft^n SEStst unb 
flanb am fiunpfletn Ufn bti ^iu^H. &t fonntt aui @aiiatc 
timg nidit mc^ gt^n unb ft^ fi^ bttmgm in tincn 9ta(^nf 
btr nuc (ti(^ ant Ufn 0tfa^n< Iddit atiiu|to|tn mar unb litfi 
fid) btn glufi ^ttabtrt{btn ) fie ma^t irid)t umjublichns nitnn 
ant ■^ftn tin S^uf etfd)a^f tntintt fit, bui Sort fri gtfpnngti 
unb f^ ^aVKt ttUn wiloctn. So berfitl |lt oRmilig in eintn 
bumpfcn fltbtrartigtn ^uflanb. 

UnttibefTcn nnrtn bit btibtn fiSolbattni mit Ifcpftin unb 
Sraubcn btfattt, in Mt 9t&I)t btt gortB gelomnunr abtr ^n^ 
cotnt'6 ftorfc eitimmt ritf i^ntn, tnbem n tint glinrtn&igtl 
fltec t()n Atp^ abfiufrCc : ir ^lurftd 1" bann fagtt ei buiifi bafl 
SSproi^Te^; »Xn bti ^l)tn Stauer uwibt id) mit Su(^ rtbcn, 
id) ^bt ))[«: oltttn ]u btft^Itn unb miQ aud) oOein ^ Itbtn, 
■ fo langt ts bcm XniftI gtfiut 1 '' 6tt toufttn ni<^, wat boe 
itbnittn foOtr abtr ti oat nti^ anbtri gu t^uur oU btm 
SBtOtn btt etigtanttn golgc iu Itifhn. Sit gingtn ^ab gu 
bcm fWtcn XbtMngt btt Sortt, ntlc^ bit ^^ fOtautr ^r 
unb laum mortn fit bott anQtlangt, fa fa^n fie Stofallen'S 
iBtttt unb bee Jtfnbtt ffiitee an rintm ®eilt niebfrftnftn> bcm 
ftigttn i^e Sttttn unb ®ait^i unb grancotui ritf butd) bat 
Spradire^: itidai Sud^t ne^mt j EBetttf aSiegt unb Altibtr 
mtintr tntlaitftntn grau btingt gum Jtcmmanbanttn, ba tnetbet 
3f)C fit fEnben j faat ; baS fd)f[te il^t 0<itana«, unb biefi! at» 
goline, um itm S^anbt gu beiten 1" lESti bttfen SBoittn aaxf 
tt bit gro^ fcai^fdK Staggti bit auf bcm gort gemc^ fwttCf 


I>ei: tone SiuMttt*.] arnfm. 367 

^ab unb fu^i fort: »bem Jtommanbanten lalft ii^ fibrbuidi 
£tieg ertl&nnr cr mag fui) toaffnm MS jutn Xbenbr bonii tuobt 
t(f) mein S'"^ n;6fiiun j a foOe nu^t fi^anutf bmn i^ fctioiw 
i^n 6rim Seuftl nidjt j er foB aOe friiw ^n»e auiftwAn, « 
totrb mii) bci^ ntd)t fongni i er ^at mir ben S^I^Ifel ;um 
^ulMTt^unn eegebni/ id) icill {E)n bcaudjeiif unb roenn er mid) 
ju fafen metntf fliege i(^ mtt it)ni gen |itmmeli wan .^niel 
in bit ^Ut, bag ntirb ®taub seben." — S3rtinet tcogte enbltd) 
gu leben unb lief ^nauf: ji@ebenlt an unftni gn&btgfien 
JCbni^/ biiS ber ilber Sud) tle^r i^m wtrbet 3^r bo<^ nit^t 
»iber)hreben." — Bern antwortete grancoeur: i,2n mit ifi tec 
Sinig aHec Jtinigt btefer Belt, in nrir tfl ber Stufel unb int 
Stamen bti SZeufcU fage ii^ @u<^ tebet lein SBorti fanft seis 
fd)metter( ic^ Sui^ !" — Waift biefer iDro^una pactten beib* 
ftillf[f)R)d9enb bag 3l)ce jufammni unb IteEien bal Uebrige 
fte^n; fie nuStenf baft oben gcoge ®teinmaffen ange^iuFt 
mareni bie unter ber fteilen ScUnunb alleS ierfd)inettem bni^ 
ten. me fie noi^ SSarfetUe iom Aommanbanten f amen, fanben 
fie itm f^n in iSenxgungf benn Saffet ^tte if)n mn HUtm 
unterrid)tet i ei ftnbete bie beiben Xntomntenben rait einem 
SSogen nad) bent ^ett, um bie SSadjen b« ^u segen ben 
brotjenben Slegen jU {id)eni, Xnbete (anbtc n aaSi um bie ^aa 
mit bem Sinbe aufjufinben, iri^renb er bie Offtiete Ui fi) 
iKcfammeEte, unt rait i^ntn gu iiberleetni xoai ju t^un fei. 
Die SBcforflnif biefee JCtiegSwt^S tidbtcte |td) befonberS ouf ben 
SBerUifl be« fd|inen SoitS, wenn e£ in bie £uft sefprengt mfirbe j 
balb {am abrr ein Xbgefanbtei: bei ®tabtr no fit^ baS @er^ 
cerbeeitet ^ttc, unb fteUe ben Untetgung bei Ti^nflen S^tiM 
bee 0tabt ale eanj umxnneiblic^ bar. Hi mmrbe aOgemein 


868 arnftn. [Bomantifdie SkfjuU. 

armtannt, bafi mit @ma\t rAi/t ctrfafitcn nxrbtn bibfc, bcim 
S^ (ri ntd)t geQtn euun tin)tlnen SKenffifen ju nringtiv no^l 
aba (in unet^utrtE Snlnft buct^ StadiQttbfQteit abiuuKnten } 
btc @d)laf n»Tb( bit Wat^ ^tantetax'i boi^ cnbti^ dbenvinbcn/ 
bann fennn tntft^Ioffenc £cutt baS $oxt erfMtorn unb ttin 
fffTtln. j&icto: aiat^fi:^ nut bunt gtfa^ \o toxabtn bit 
btiben Solbottn eina(f%tf iwliije Stofalinie Sttttn unb @nit^ 
jnr&fQcteadit ^mu Sic gotten einc ScffeUnns Srancocur'i 
ju libnbiinaen : baf t^m bn; SbuftI txirat^ fit ivoUten f^ 
fan Ch^ofe fangtiu ab» n nacne fit am iitbt jU dnigen 
XraftUfomualxnr bie ju bem Untetneiinun gebtoudit nKi:ben 
(UlCttv bran tr mctbe tu^ in frinnn Mtfi^tolTtntn ^ulMTf 
t^ucme mit sttobtntn ®nwt)»n fc^ftn unb e^ fit bit StiOtt 
trbnditn Unnttni m&irt tr tdngft enoa(f)t unb btt S^unn nit 
tiittm ^Hfo^t fai bie ^lotifArreir ^erfprtngt. »Si ^at xtif/' 
fagtt btr £ommai^nt> ncc tann nt(f)t onbtrt ^nbclnr wit 
miilTcn i^n aui^ngecn." — ii<St 1)at btn ganjen aSinCenxnrc 
lat^ fitt unfi VUt tinoufijtft^ffti" btmttftt ffininttr irtm 
mifittt nxnisfttnf tin Ifalbti Sd^e toaiUn, aud) Jaffe eii baf 
i^ bit vocbtifo^ttnbtn Suffer nwld)e bit @tabt ottfotytat 
niitlidim 3oIt gtbtn foUttRr fonfl bo^re tr fit in btn ®runbf 
unb )um Stidjtni ba^ Sitmanb in btr 9la(f]t fa^n foUtt o^nt 
ftint StnriUigungf merbe tc am Kbtnb tinige JCugttn fiber ben 
glaf faufen lafftn." — ,,Si8a^tSaftiB<(r fc^ieftl" rief rintrbir 
Offtitre unb KUe liefen nod) einem genfltr bt« obtm ©tocb 
werU. SCBtl^ tin »nblid I an oOen Sdtn bti 8<)cH er6f^ten 
bie Jtanontn t^n fturietn Slad^ bit Augtin faulbn butift bie 
iufti in bee @tiibt ntr^tdtt fiA bie saenge mit grofcm ®f 
f(^ unb OUT Qinieint tcoOttn i^rtn 9}iut^ im tu^nen lCn> 


Xm toOr Snualttit.] 9ni(tn. 369 

f^auen bee @tfai)t todftn. ICbtr fie mutUn auti) itii^ 
bflfik btli^nti btrni mU ^tkm fii^tt fi^S Sroncoein: rimn 
Slunbcl 91a(«t(n aat dnn >&aut% {n tit £uft( unb rintn 
SiinM eeud^ttugeln aul tinan 9X&rf(ir boicn n auB dSoK^nn 
uni!i^% anbne nacbfaattt. Dtt Jbmmanbant vnrfit^erte/ 
btcfe SButung fti trefflicllf (r Iwbr rt nit geuNiet, gnierwalt 
nitt 3Burfeef())ilt in bit 8nft ju tnibeni obfc bit Aunft nttbt 
boburi^ sewilfcnnafcn ^ dnn mtteatif^nf bee Sraiuoeut ■xc 
biene fdion brtnxgtn bcgnabiat ]u SMTbcn. 

Sitfit nii^tlidje Sii(uii)tung ^attt eint anbnrc SBirlungf Ut 
nM^I in frimC aSenfttKn Vbfidit log) fte trttete Slofatitn unb 
(^lem £inbt boe fitben. Stibc maxtn In btm tuliigen SCuibm 
be6 £at)nei eingefcfiUunmat, unb aXt bit $niu cnvac^, fa^ fie 
fiber ficb ben IBflnbel tatt^ttufleln tm ^ifftta ®Ianjtf ^brlt 
nebtn fic^ einen Sc^f^ ntfen: H&ttuixt Ifntti mir fa^n 
fonfl ein Soct in ben ®ninbr aetin ein ISeib mtt einem Ainbt 
figt" Unb fc^ taufi^t Mt ocibcie @pl(e elnee gto^cn SIu^ 
ft^ffeS wit tin gebf^et BoaftT^mdjen ^tn: i^f ba imnbte 
ec ful) tintir abet itn Ulaijtn wittbe bac>) feitnicts na<^secifTen. 
(fi^lft meintni onntn Ainbc!" rief fiei unb beC'^ttn einti 
SStangennibeTJ vabaiii fie mtt bem groftn Wtifft, bat balb 
bornuf Kn&r nwf. »Siie bai {^eutnrttt auf bem %act 
Btatonneau n{(^ aufgtganetnf" ritf btr einc @c^f^f »i4 ^Attt 
Su4 nic^t gefe^ unb nw ^itttn 3ui^ o^ b&fen fEBiOen in 
ben ®runb flefegelt, mCe bmmt 3^ fo fpSt unb alttin auf'8 
SBaffeCf motum ^bt 3ln; nnt ntc^ onsefc^cien ?" Sbfalit be: 
anRMEtete fi^a bit grostn nnb bat nni: bringenb, |te mil 
bem .^uft bet XammaRbonttn gn bringtn. iDer SSt^iffec gab 
i^c aua SKitleib finen Sungen jum gfltrer. 

TOL. II. B b 


870 'Slmim. [Slomantifrfit ©<f)ut(. 

Sfe fdnb ^COei in ffiewcguna Mtn ^emmanbanhnr Ik bat 
i^ friiuc Setf:pr<^n« tingebnif ju feuii fcag'n i^rtm EKanne 
b«i SBetfe^fn twrjri^n n»ll<. <St Uuqntte, bafi oon fod^en 
JBofc^n bfe SNtbt e«v«f<n> tS fet jkl>er @(l)et:) unb ©riHen s» 
Bagt reorten, bo* Td ab« teuflifi^ ffitnfl — «®o iff bo* 
Unndjf auf Surn: €$eUtf" fa0fe bit giau gcfaSt, benn ^ fCi^Itt 
fi^ nid)t nKgi; fdndfatloCf /roiui) ^bt i^ bra 3ufknb be« 
onntn <Ctanntt an^tiff, unb bo<^ fwbt S^t i^m eintn fo ge^ 
fU)rlid)<n ^ften anDccttaub 3^ ^M mk <Stfyinmi$ ang^ 
lobt, onb boi^ ^61 3^ alW an Salfctf Quiren iDienni tiiJipr 
bee unS mit fetnn: :^iri<I)ttn AtugtKit unb JSoiwitidtnt in bal 
gange UnglQct stfUaff tiat ni^t mrin aimer ^ann, 3t)i ft^ 
an oRem UnglAd f(l)ulbi 3^ mfi^ bem A6nig< boDon Sled^n: 
fi^ geben." — X<er Aommanbant ceit^bigtt fii% gegm ben 
Sontmtf, bo^ n ctmae bem iBaffct trjS^lt ^Obt, bicfei geflanbr 
baS et t^n im SSelbltgefprUfc belaufi^ unb fo wai bie sonje 
Sc^utb auf feine ®«le gefdiobtn. iCn aitt 3Xann fagtef bafi 
R ben anbetn Sag fid) mi: bem gait nKllte tobtfi^itfen Xafftn, 
urn fetnem Atnige bie 0<^lb mit feinem Seben abjuja^Ienr 
abet Sftofalie bat ii)n. IM) nu^t ju fibereilen/ et m&ge bebenten. 
bafi pe il)n fdjon rinmat au< bem Seutt gtntttt ^abt. 3^ 
nnirbe tin ^immei; im ^ufe beS Aommanbanfen ctngntiiefen 
unb fie btatfete t^t -Rinb m SSu&t/ miijtenb fie filbjl mit fii^ 
JU 9iat^ ging unb ju ®otf flc()ie, i^t onjugeben, roie fie il)ren 
!Kann bem ^\uijt tntreiftn Ifinnc Xbn auf i^n Anieen 
DcrfatiE fie in einen tiefen Sc^Iaf unb toot fii^ am fSXacQtn 
fetneS SEraumeS, (einer Singebung benuft. jDer JCommanbanti 
in fd)on fr^ einen aierfu^ gegen bag gott gtmat^t ^tttr ttan 
cetbcief(id) lut&ii. ^nat ^alte er teine 8eute xmiatfai abrr 


iOn foBe SniMlibt.] limim. 371 

graiuMUT fiotlc fo viclt Jtugcin nrit folt^ ®efi^ii^fdt linEi 
unb R^tfi unt fiber fit ^nfaufrn laf^n, baf fie i^ tcbtn mtc 
frinet Si^nung banltra. S^n Slnfi ^otte n btnd) Stgnat: 
fdiuffe stfpoTtf and) auf Ui S^u|1« burftt 9tinnant fa^tir 
tin:}* alln Setti^ bn Stabt ntac fib; bfefen Sag st^mt, unb 
bit Stobt ito^ttt, iwnn bee jeommonbant nidit iwrfi<^ mcc 
fa^n, fbi^on niie in SeinbeS Sanb i^n ju belagnn benltr baS 
f€ bit Bitign aufbieten unb nrit ben 3nt»libtn f(^n fettig 
toerbm isoHt. 

SDni Sage liff fid) bn JCommonbont fo ^in^olten, jcbcn 
Xbtnb tXT^Ii^ ein %twraati jebtn Ubnib ninnettt Stofalff 
an frin Ikrfincdien bn 9ta(t)ft^ Xiti btitttn Vbtnb fagtt a 
it)[f bee Sturm fei auf btn anbetn {Ottttag feftgeft^ bit Stobt 
gtbf nacfi' »«ft alia SOtrte^r geftta fei, unb enbli(% ^ungerfr 
notl) aucbrtdKn Unnt. @r merbe ben Singang ftikmcn, 
ml^jtenb (in anbrnr S^il oon ber anbera Befle ^elniltd) anjui 
flettem fud)ei fo ba^ biefe oiendi^ frilf)ct i^m SXanne in ben 
Mden limen, e^ er na^ bnn ^toert^umte fpringtn linne i 
tt tMibe Sntnfii^n fo|teni bee VuSgang fd ungenri^ aber n 
woUe ben @d)inipf mn ti<!^ ablenlenf bag bund) feine Stigl)cit 
ein toner CRenfd) ju bem ^Dihilel gefommeni einer ganjen &tobt 
ju troeen. bae gr6fte Ungliicf fei t^m liebet alB biefer Berbadit, 
n ijabe feine ttnatlegtnl)eiten mit ber Skit unb i»r ®ott gu 
orbnen flefuifit, Sofalie unb il)r fiinb miirben (ic^ in feintm 
aUjtamtnte nid)t oergeflen Rnben. gtofolie fiel i^m ju giipen 
unb frfl8« : wa« benn baS 0d)i*fal i^rtS aSanneS fei, nienn er 
im Btueme flefanaen roiirbe ? iDer Jlommanbant UKubete |t(^ 
a6 unb fttflfe leife; „iDer Hob unauMilei6ti4 auf SBafinfinn 
wtobe con Itinem JWegSBeridjfe ertonnt nieiAen, H ijl jU »iel 



872 flnrfoi. [Somantift^ ©djutt. 

Ointtditf Sorfi^ unb Xbig^ in btt ganjcn Xct wit nr fi^ 
nimnit ; btc Zcufcl (aim ni# Mr Oeric^ flcjoent ntnhik cr 
mug fto i^n Iribm." — 9lad) tincm estromc mn S^Jintn ecs 
^oltt fid) StofaUt unt foatt : nxnn fit ba« goit o^nt Stutvecs 
Skfaif o^nt @cfa^r in bit @tnK>U UC Xcmmanbantcn biitfitej 
wicdit bonn fcin Sergcfitn aU ein Sa^nftnn aStgnaMgung 
ftnben9 — «3a, id) fi^it'S!" ritf b« Aommanbant* iiobn 
ci i|t Mrgtblid)! Qu(^ ^ft a unr aKenr unb ntf stfttm nnem 
unfm iBDtfwften jUi er nwOt bdt gott fibtrgebenf ncnn mic 
i^ra ben £opf fnner Si^u ft^iden tinntcn." (f3d) tnuie i^rif" 
fagtt bit graUf »id) iviU ben Xtuftt befd)n)6i;en in ifyn, ii) aiU 
iS)m Snebcn f/tbtrii fteibtn njAcbc fd) bo4^ ntit i|nir alfa ifl luti 
®en)inn fib inid)f wcui i^ von ftinei: ^nb ftotbd bn itfa kis 
mS^tt bin burd) b(n ^gften ®(f)niiir." — Dee £ommai^nt 
bol fie, fi^ m^l gu bebenten, erforfdite i^n Xbfi^tf nribotonb 
at>ec iwber i^»n Sitttn/ tui^ betr .^ffhungr auf bitfeni SBeQC 
bem gftcirren Unteirgangt ju tntgt^n. 

SSotet ^^ilipp ^tte m im <|iau|'e dngtfunben unb eri&^UCf 
ber iinftnni^ gioncMtre Ijabe i<St eine grofe niei^ glaset aufic 
Sefledtf auf n)el(l)etr bet Xenfcl gemott fei^ abet bei: Aommanc 
bant miOti nid|t£ von feincn Keuigteiten uiffenf unb befall 
i^nif ju 9tofaIien ja geljenr bie tf)m bet<^en noOe. 91ad)bent 
Slafalie if)irt a}cid)tt in adei: 3Iut)e eineC gottergtbenen ®ti 
tnijl^ abgelegt ^ti bat fie ben Sotet ^^vpf, ^ nuc bis 
)u tinem fit^crn @ttinn)alle ju bealeiten, no trine JCugel i^n 
treffen Unnt, bett nwQt fie i^m i^tr JCinb unb ®elb jui Sex 
tiefiuna befTetben flbergeben, fie (inne fi* nod) aiifi wn bem 
lieben J^bt trenncn. Or oerfpTat^ tS tfye ii^ntA, nad)bem n 
P* im ^ufe ertunbigt i^attt, ob ee au4 bort no(% fid)et geflen 


X>a toXU 3in)ali6*.] 9nifm. 878 

bic Si^Afe f«, twnn frin ®laubt, Seufel auftreibcn ju Iftnnenr 
^tte |1d) in l^m gans Mtloctnf n geflanbr umB ei Ui^ autt 
gttrieben ^ittt, mi(f)tt wo^l bn xeift Ztitftl ntt^ flenwfen 
feiiif fonbnn tin etringenr @pu(. 

Stofolic fletNtt i^ ^nti nod) eininal nnttt mani^ S^ine 
mif mit rotten Stanbfdildfm aid bann na^ |t< cS auf ten 
Vxm unb 0tng fdwxignib trit £nppe ^Immtn:. Untcn 1lanb 
bet atte Xonunanbant unb lonnte il)i: nut Me ^nb bcActen unb 
mufte ^ umiwiibenf ireil et f!(^ ber X^&nen nor ben ^m 
ft^uern ^dfimtt. eSo trat fie ouf bie &taftt leinn tmipte 
ifyx ab|1c^ asatet S)l)%p bUeb etwos lutiict, nxU ec bet 
Sltitge^j gent Ubti^obcn gtmftn, bonn folgtt bie !DIenee 
mAfiger SSenfdxn auf ben CStiagenf bie i^n fiagteni mat et 
bcbeute ? JBiele fbii^ten auf ERofalieni »eil fie giancoeuirt 
grau nmiTf aber btefer glud) berate fie nii^ 

itlKT AoRimanbant fCit)ite unteibetTen feine Ceute auf txrbotc 
genen iSegtn nad) ben ¥li^nr Don meldien ber Stumt erAf^ 
ncrben foOte, wenn bie gtou ben ffia^nfinn bee SXannei n[d)t 
tiefi^n>6nn Wnnte. 

Zm Sljcect fdjon vertiefi bie ^Renge fflofalieur benn grancoeur 
^f twn 3tit JU 3eit nber bitfe ^ijt, ouc^ SJatec V^ifp 
Qoatef bap i^ fc^^ tDetbtr ec mitfTe fi^ niebetlaffen. 9io> 
folic bebauecte a unb jeigte i^m ben StlfenwaOf wo |ie i^ 
XtsA n«^ etnmal ftiOen unb a bann in ben aSantet nieberlesen 
weXUti boct ml^e H gefudit nierbenf ba Uese e« fidiec ou^ 
benu^nenn fie trii^ |u i^ jucOtHel^n Unne. fflottt 
^Iffipp fegte fi(^ betenb ^ntet ben Jelfen nnb9tofaIie ging mit 
fettetn es<^t bem fSteinnuOe ju, nw fie i^c Afnb tcAntie unb 
fegnettr c< in i^en fOtantel niCMle unb in ®c^Uimmec bcad)te. 


871 flrnCm. [Soraontlfi^ Ct^k. 

£a vttiiii fit €i mit rimra CSnt^, btr tie ISoOtii flbei t^ 
bniti)/ tug blaut <fMlIung unb bai fUrtenbe Sonnenbilb fte 
befhatiUen. 9tun max fit btm ^rten SRonne fi(f)lbaT( alS ^ 
otn ®trintt)allt \)aaaibat i ein Sidft fc^Iug am Z^att oof t tin 
Xmi, aU ob {it umfUittn m&itt, tin KoOtn in ber Suft/ tin 
SdufMir bat fi^ bamit miftfitti jtigtt Hft an, bag btr Zob no^ 
an i^t iMn^bcisegonsen. S€ nnicbe i^i abtr nidjt mt^ bangCf 
ti« Stimmt faott i^ inmili(()f hai ni<^ unttrat^ tinner 
nxiS bitftn Sag bt^beni unb t^ Sitbt junt SSlamt, jum 
Kinbt ngtt fic^ no4 in i^tm ^yta, aU fit i^rtn 3Sann ooc 
fic^ ouf btm Stftungtivtrtt |bl)tn unb tabtm bai £inb tiititn; 
|T(% fc^nitn (|4rtt } fit t^en i^t btibt au^v leib aU i^ tigncS 
Uiiglildr ui^ btr ii/mrct SBtg n^at ni(()t btr fdnvtrfte ®tban(e 
ifmi -^eiitni. Unb tin ntuet®^g bttSubtt ifyct SUpan unb 
fi^ttttrtt t^ SeU^nb inS ©efid^j abei fit bttelt unb fol) 
)Uni <&inuneL €Sd bttrot fit btn tngtn gtiiflang, bee oie ein 
ottlingerttt gauff fOt jniti mit £aititf(f)en gdabtnt Sanontn 
mit boS^pttn ®ti)e bieSRafle M ixrbttblic^en @d)uffce gtgtn 
bit Xnbrii^tnben jufannntnjufiaUtn beftimnit mat. — »1Sa8 
Tit^ft buBcibl" briUlte Scantotui:, »rit( nii^ in bit Cup, 
beint fingtl fotnmtn ni^f ^iec fb^t btin StuftI unb btin 
Zc/b." — »9ti(^ Sobr ni^ StuftC btnntn raid) me^ twn 
bit/' fogte fie artiofl unb fdiritt wttttr ^inauf bit grogen Stufcn. 
» aStibi" fd)cie tr, ft bu ^ft me^i 3Siilf) aU bei Xtuftir abtr 
ti foil bit boi) nid)tB ^tlftn." — Sr bUet bit Cunte an; bie 
tbtn cerlbfu^n nolUtf ber &<fyoti^ ftanb i^m ^Qelinitnb iibtT 
Stint unb aSangtm tfi mat aU ob jwci 9iaturtn in i^m 
langtn. Unb Stofalit nxiOte nti^ biefen jtampf ^men unb 
bar 3tit ootgctiftni auf bit |te ju wrbouen btgaiui ) fit ging 


IM tDitt 3nt»Itt«.] 'SmUa: 375 

nic^ wxt |1t Iniele auf tic Stuft mtbec, aU fit tret @tufm 
wn ten Xanontn entfernt wax, roo fii% baE geuer freujtt. Qi: 
tifi 9bi(I unt SQcfte an ttv Srufl aiifi um fi(^ Cuft ju inad)tn( 
re griff in fern fdinwrjeS ^ati bat wmtilbert in Sotfen ftatrte 
unb lif e< lid) nOt^t au& Sa fif^ fc^ bie SBunbe am 
J(opfe in bcm tnflten Srfi^StleTn turd) SWst' tie ei an feine 
Stim fS^ef Xfji&nen nnb Slut ttfiSm ben trennenben 
|tunb^c& ein SSiibelwinb wocf tai ^Iwi txm ben Sfinbc 
I&l)ern bet Xammen unb bie 3(ufeU^ggc wm S^ntm. i,i)n 
SS^amfhinftgn niad)t fid) ^lafy tt fc^eit jum Sd)omftetn 
^auil" rief td unb betfte ftine Hugen. ©ann befann a 
ltd), iffnttf bie Sirtert^fire, fdmianSe ju feinet grau, ^ob jie 
auf, tflfte fie, enblid) fogte re : i, Sre fd)n»tTie Sregmann ^t 
fid) buc^arbeitet, r£ fba^lt wiebei £jd)t in meinen ^opf unt 
8u^ ii(I)t f)inbui:cb unb bie £iebe foU ntiebre ctn Seuet jiinbenr 
bap unE ni(^ mff)r fritrt. Kc^ (Solt, nafi ^ab' id) verbcot^n. 
fiap unt nii^ ^ienu fie nwtben mir nuc wentg Stunben no<^ 
f^ten, nw ift mtin Xint, H) mn^ H tAj^enr »eU id) nv^ ftei 
bin i »ae ifl fterten ? fiStairb it^i ntd)t fc^n eiranal, aU bu 
mi(t vrelafTen unb nun tommfl tu wiebn unb tcin JCommen 
giebt mit me^r, att tcin @^etbcn mtc ne^mcn fonnte, ctn 
unenblii^ @ef&^I meinei IDafeinE, beflen Xugcnblide ma 
eenJieen. 9tun lebte id) gern mit bit unb w&tc beinc @^lb 
nod) ffbfa aU meine SBojnieiflung gen)efcn, abet id) fenne ba.i 
Jtriegigefea unb i^ (onn nun ©oltlcb I in aieinun^ aU ein 
teuiflet (Stirip flerten." — Stofalie femnte in i^r enfjattunfl, 
son i^rtn SE^rlnen foft reftitM, laum fagen, baf il)m oecjie^ 
taf i^r fiinb naf)e fei ®ie orebanb feine SBunbe in ®te, 
tann gog fie i^n bie Stufen ^inuntet feis ^n ju tern eteimoatte, 


876 9rn(m. [SEonontifcbe 0ifaU. 

no fit boC Jtfnb Hriaffhi Xu fanbm fie bm gulen SioKc 
9f|{t{pp b« bent Ainbcr bee oDm&IiQ ^intei gtUftiiden jn i^m 
f){naefd)Iii^n wavf unb bat Jttnt liet etmafi aut ben |i(inben 
ftieetiv tun nac^ bem Batet fte ouHuftieiten. Unb loil^nnb 
fi^ aOe biei nmonnt ^itUenf tiii^e Soter $^tlt))p, mle etn 
SCaubenpaai twm SHjiai lienuitei: gtflattert fet unb mit bem 
Jtinbc ortfg gtAriettf f!<4 Bon i^ ^obe ata&iian loffen, unb e< 
elcitWam in feinn: en:taffcn|cit ae&rtfkt ^te. XU er boS 
gefe^ ^abe er fic^ bem Xlitbe }n naf)en eemaat. uSie 
mann, wit pte Gngetr mtintfl Xinbrt Spieltomeeaben ouf 
bem gott genxfenf fie ^ben te tnnltdf) oufgefwiti fie bnnnen 
fii^ vAttxt unb wetben (4 ni^ vertaffen." Unb wtrBic^ 
umfloeen fte bic Saubcn fctunblUf) imb tntgen in i^n @<^&s 
bein gtune SHitter. S^anoenr fagtt: H^ie uriU t4 ti>icb<r 
auf ben gi^ben \iitUtni ber giritbc t^ut mir fo eiit" 

3njn)if(t)en ^ttt ftt^ bn JCommanbant mit feinen Offigieren 
genial icetl ei ben glAcSii!^ Vnfgang butrd) fein S^nm^ 
gefc^ S*^""}'"!^ fibeigab i^m feinen iDegent eir Unbigte 
Snintoem Setiei^une on, tvcil frinc ffitinbe {^n bee jQcrftanbeS 
beiaubt at^bl unb befool einem 61)iiW9'n' M'f* IBunbe gn 
untnftii^ unb beffet jtt uerbinben. grancoeur fc(te fid^ 
nicbei unb lief tnifiig olUi mit fid) ffftft^it, a faf) nur grait 
nnb JCinb an. jCei S^ttrure nunberte fi<^ baf er (einen 
&bmtrt }dgter tt }os i^ tinen Xnoc^eii^Sttet mtt ber 
Sunbei ber lingSumfier tine Oitetwig lienwrstbTailit ^Ite ) 
tt riM«i' oU ob bit eemaltiee 9tatur Srancoeurt ununtetbro<IN 
tinb aOmJUig on ber •^autTt^ffnne gtorbcittt ^otttf bU il^m 
rnblii^ iufitrt ®ewaU> bit eigne .^nb fetner SJeriWeipung bit 
Sufert Slinbe burc^t^n. (Sr »rfii4ettt> baf olint biefe 


eicb Dor rinon Stfjbeniffc.] flrnCm. 877 

elAttUdie S^gung tin un^etlbam: Sta^nfinn ben imglfidlic^n 
grancwin: ^htU au^^ien m&^tru Damit i^m leint Kn* 
ftKngung ft^be. mutbt ti auf tinen Kkigen gelegt unb ftfir 
Qinjug in SSorfetBc ^uf) unto; etncm iSolttr ba£ X^fidt 
iamtt mtfy: aU (S&tt gu ad)len nidSr «iium SCriump^iu^ i 
bit ^amn inufra SoTbtnbrinjc auf btn Sffiogciii aKH biingtc 
fu^ ben fb^cn Stftnncfit fennen ju ittntn, Ut fo oitle tauTti^ 
WUn^iftn uitfatib itti Sagt bel^tiifi^ fiatte. jDic SKinncc 
abor nii^tn ifytt Slumentrftnje Slofalien nnb i^nm Jtinbt 
unb n^tnten fe al£ JBtfrtierin unb fdimunn itir unb bem 
fiinbe Kid)lid) ju otcgelteTw baf fie t^ SStoM oom Untre9anat 
eetettel ^bt. 

Stad) folium Sage I&ft fu^ in eintm 9Kenf())(nI(ben ftltcn 
nod) ttumB etltbeiv ttuC bn aX% lK6 Si^ifileiK wntf) nte, 
Bxnn gittd) bie iBitberbtgUidtenf bie ^lu^^'Mt")' t^ ^ 
bitfen ni^ignen 3a^Kn btn ganjcn Utnfang bei getoonnenen 
@iadd ti!anntta iDer guK alte Jtommanbant nafim ^arv 
conit aa Sio^n on nnb tonnle er i^m aud) nii^ ftimn 9lanKn 
fibtttrugenf fo lieg n i^m boc^ einen SbeiC feinrt S]mnigen< 
nnb ftinm Segen. 

gieb cot einem ©tfiJngniffe. 

S^ad;t auf mit innnn 

St^bt bie KueenltebtTi 
Bon benen S^rSnen rinnfUi 
SSon Snntn fttaiflt't ^ 

3n tiefe Sattmaifi 

Unftc^bat eauecnben 
@tral|tt ^ci brt ■Screen 

Unf^Ibig aiuuemNn. 

f n ®elfttti)&mnitntn0en 
9ta^t cud) bcr Unerreidjtd 
■^ot euei .^tt] bunt)brungtni 



Xhif SrifE com ®«|le Uvifit ; 
3n feiiKr Snabe ^aijt 
jStia^U bee a)nact)tett, 
Or ^at ant Sii^t etbcai^ 
e<l)uIbIofl Umna(t)tetc. 

X^ ^U bit tniben XMt 
■^fnouf ju bunOtn S^nunf 
®te tauen eud) bit S3r^ 
Kue (to'aen ^immeUtlnncn: 
Sin iebci Slid jutn ■^errn 
Som fUU Srlicacnben 

arntm — Wabalfaf. [aiomairtif^ Stfinh. 

®Iii^ ^U aU etD'gtr SStecn 
^m S^con bef Siegcnben. 
Ct braud)t xaiit^ta^iijin' 
TQtit feinen @nabtmi>orten 
Zmct^ndjt <x XnttrmAnbt 
Unb ftfliMt ^immeUpfijrttn : 
aSaS eu(^ flcfctiit^t auf Srbtiti 
Z1)t fi^uIbloB eeibcnbtn. 
aSirb cei:^ oreflilliat nwrbtn 
Sud) fclig ®^benben. 

0772— laoi), 
Commonly known by the asaumed name of NoTAiifl, 
waa bom at Wiederated, in Pruasia, May 2nd, 1772, 
and died Marcli 25tli, 1801. His academical studies 
were pursued at Jena, where lie waa aeEiiduously 
engaged la the study of Metallurgy, and enjoyed 
the friendship of Fiohtx and Fb. SoHLsaEL. The 
labours he bequeathed to us suffice to shew that 
had he reached the age of the great Goethb, he 
would have enriched the world with productions 
of incalculable value, and carried the colours of the 
romantic school to a crowned victory. Notalis 
combined with a sensitive piety a deep thinking 
and imaginative mind ; qualities which have left their 
impress on all hia writings, finished and unfinished. 
Hia incomplete romance " Seinrich rum Oftev' 
dmgen" is the master-piece of the whole romantic . 


3Ka4t tn m^ta.'] VtebaU*. 879 

Bchool, one of the moet noble fictions ever cKmceived 
by the human mind. It abounda in the moat 
Hublime meditations and reflections, couched in 
fluent and attractive language. This work was 
continued by Lttdwio Tieck, who, in conjunction 
vith Fb. Schleoel, edited his posthiimouH worhs. 

tAt 3Rad)t bet Tiii)ttt '. 

JTn aUttt 3<itcn ^at eJ fiiti tinmaC )ugrtrag(ni baf eln DiAttt 
dm vietme^ S«n!un1lCn — mmci^l bu fRuft! unb 9«|tt 
w^I lumlid) ditg ftin ni6e<n unb cicUnt^t eben fo iuTammtn 
tf^itn, loie 3Xunb unb O^ir ba btr ecfk nur ein tmxg<> 
lid)e« unb antroortmbeS D(re iff — bafi alfo bitfer lonfiinlKei: 
ibtct fBUa in nn fnmbrt Sanb mfen moOtt. Sc toar reii^ 
an fd)finen Jilrinobicn tmb f6{{lii^n Xitneent bit i^ aul iDnnb 
tiarltil WT«^ wovbcn macen. Qt fanb ein €M)iff am Ufn, 
unb bit ttute barin fc^ntn bereiiniiaigi i^n fur brn eei^tifinien 
in^n nad) btr cnlangten @tstnb ju fn^n. Xxr (SEanj imb 
bie SitiUt^lttt fttntt 6d)&^ rtijttn abec balb i^rt .^bfu^t fo 
fel)[| baf fit untn einanbec verabrebttenr fid) ftintr )u be 
m4ii)tiflen» i*n ins a»i« ju werfen/ unb nat^^et ftlnt ^be 
untti tinanbtt )u tKttt)eiIen. aSit (it alfo mitten im tOttnrt 
UKiienf flelen fie ubei tlm I)eV( unb fagten ilimi baf n fterbcn 
mOgt/ nxit fie befcl)lofen ^tttni i^n ini SRen ju nxrfen. ^ 
but fit auf bit ru^tnb^t aSeift um fein itbtni bet i^nen fetne 
&d)h^ jum eifegelb an; unb ^jTOpttejette t^nen aropt 8 UnglMr 
nxnn fie ititen fflorfaS ou*ffll)nn mfitben, Xbtt mebet ba( 
einef ncd] baS anben tonntt fit btnxgen : benn fie f&:d)tettn 
fi(^ baf tr ifnY b&siit^ Z^t einmat Dtnrat^n mfidite. tia 

I V. ScHLiaiL BDd L. TiiCK took Ihli tale u theme lot their poami 


S80 Hotulb. [9lamaiitif4t 6i!^. 

et fu mm cinmal fo felt Ritfi^IeNn \afy bat er fw, ilnn toeniac 
find }u tOtaibn, MR ti lud) wc feintm Onbc Fniicn BUfmrnexis 
eefong fpkhn bftrfet bann tocXlt n mtt feimm ItHicfittn ^t^nnni 
3nftnmuittt Mt i^enKugcn frtiniOt^ fnlSitKi fprinsen. S!U 
umfitni nc^ ito^ bof, ivenn fie feinni ^abngefane fttitcib i^ 
.^ttjtn «»Ki#/ unb fit Bon Steue ccgriffm n>nbni tofitbra } 
ba^M no^mfli fit jicf) iKr« i^ jnuc biefc Ic^ti Citte ju gt^ 
ivA^ttii tfilfnnb btC ®<fan0« abn fii^ bit C^ien ftft {u 
vafttffm, ba0 f!t iric^ booon DrniAfjmenf unb fo bd i^inn 
Sor^btn bltibm tbnnten. iCtte^ 0cf(i)it^. Zn eftngcc flimmtr 
cinen ^lii^nt unntbtitf) cfilinnbtn ©efang an. £taa ganje 
fik^ff tSnte mitf bit aStlten tlanettir bit €!«nn( unb bit @t|hRit 
trfdjinun {Uglelcf) am <|>{fflm([/ unb auB ben griintn Sluten 
tau^tn tangtnbt ES<^aitn con Sif4)tn unb SKeentngt^unrn 
%«w«. iDie SSi^fFn (lanben feinbftlig alWn ntit feftenflopfttn 
C^nr unb wattettn doc llngtbutb auf bat @nbt M Hlbtt. 
Salb wat tt vociSxx. tia fprana bn Gingei mit ^tititi 
®tint in btn buntten Itbgrunb ^ ftin nnii^ntliitieel Strb 
jtug im Xnn. Qi twttt faum bit al&n)etibtn aBogen btTlU)i:tf 
fo ^b fid) btr twite 91&ten *int8 bantbaren Unt^ilert utittr 
i^ ^tma, unb ec fcintamm fi^neU mit bem trftauntcn @&nget 
booon. 9ta4 birjec grit ^tte tg rait iffm bie &i^ aav!^, 
noi^ bn ec ^ingtmoOt ^attt, unb fegtt i^in fanft im 0d)ilft 
tiitbtr. S)ec iDid|tei fang feinem Slettei tin fco^ Siebi unb 
gieng banlbac bon banncn. 9ta(^ dniatr ^dt gieng a tinmal 
am Ufec bet SRenti aUein/ unb flagtt in fii|en S&ntn itbtr 
feint etclDitntn JtleinobCf bit i^ alt Scinntrungen el&fii^tr 
EStunbtn unb alS 3eii^n bee ftiebe unb Jlan!bflc!eit fo wer^ 
genxftn ttsicen. 3nbem tc fo fangi tam pli^Iid) fein alter 
gceunb tm SGIlttce fti^ttd^ ba^ gtcaufi^r unb [ief aut ftintm 

I :„i- I ,C(K>tjl>J 

fflladft btt Dic^to.] Woliaiuf. 381 

9tad)en bie gnaubttn €Si^$c ouf btjt Sanb faOtn. 2)ie 
et^fftt tjoHen, nac6 beB ®ing«S ©prunfle, fif^ fogletcl) in 
ftinc .|)int«rIa^Hifd;aft )u t^Un angefangen. Sei bteTn 
aC^ung mot Streit unUr itinen tnt|tanb«ir unb tiottt fid) in 
dntn mkberif^n Jtomiif seenUgtr bei b«n melftm iat fiebcn 
gttDltetj bit totrdqai, bie iibrig gtbtiebciif ^otttn attein baB 
6^ff ni(^ regimn Itnntnr unb eS mai; balb auf ben Sittanb 
gnat^ wo e* fd)riJett( unb unteraiene- ®ie btadrftn mit 
gtnauec 9tot^ baS Stben bawni unb famen mit Untn .^nben 
unb jttiifkncn AleiNin am Eanb. unb fo tt^ctcn butd) bit 
■^fe b(8 bnntbaitn ^titt^nii bafl bie SSd^^tc im lOttete 
aiiffud)tc, biefclben in bit .^&nbe tfnreS alten Stfi^ert jurfid. 

ZKt engd btfi SErofleS. 

0(|^enn in bangen triJben ®tunbtn 
Unfer ^j beina^ urrjoglf 
SBtnn oon Jfrant^it fibtntiunbEn, 
Kng|t in unfenn 3nneni nogt j 

Wit btt ffiituBtlitbten benhni 
!EBit (it @i;am unb JCntnmti: btiit, 
aBolIcn unfnn £SU(E befd)Tin(cn( 
IDtt !ttn .^ffnung£fkaf)( bucdiblittt 

tip bann neigi fid) @ott ^iibeir 
®(inc Ciebe tcmnit une na^ i 
^tljtttn imr mi bann t)tnAbeT( 
@tc^t ^tin Snatl cor una bo. 

JStingt ben JCtl(& btt frif^n eebtnS/ 
eifipelt ^ut| unb Scoft uni jUr . 
Unb icir bettn miit Maitimi, 
3Cu(& f&t bet @tlicbten Siul). 


882 CiiamiMo. [Slomantif^ &iiaU. 

%\xtMiS ^"balittt tie Utifumisso 

{1781— 1839) 

Was bom Januaiy 27tli, 1781, at Boncourt, in 
Champagne. At the revolution, he left iVance 
with his parents, wid came to Berlin, where, in 
1800, he had a commisBion given him in the army. 
He applied himself with much ardour to the acquiai- 
tion of the German language, and to the study of its 
poets and philosophers. His poems were soon 
distinguished ahove the crowd of such compositions 
by theb originality of style, and peculiar vigour. 
From 1804 to 1806 he published the "Miuen- 
Ahnanach," in conjunction with Vabkhagem tou 
Ehse. At the peace of Tilsit he left the army, and 
visited France, when his family obtained back pwrt 
of their possessions. Chamisso soon after re- 
turned to Germany, devoting himself wholly to a 
literary life. During hia visit to France, he spent 
some time with Madame de Stael, whom he also 
visited in Switzerland, In 1811 he returned to 
Berlin ; and, in 1813, wrote his " Peter SehlemM" 
which marked him out a« a man of distinguished 
and original genius. It vras published, in 1814, by 
his friends FouQug and HiTzia. In the following 
year he accompanied Count Butth'iaiizow as na- 
turalist in the circumnavigation of the globe, re- 
turning in 1818. The extensive acquisitions made 
during this voyage in every department of scientific 
research, do honour to Chamisso'b spirit of carefiil 
observation and his accuracy. He now received at 


XrS. Sa^r^nnbfrt.] C^mfMO. 383 

Bea^ the degree of doctor in pliilosoplij, and an 
appointment at the Botanic Garden afforded him 
leisure for the prosecntian of hie great work on the 
plants of the north of Germany, which diseeminated 
enlightened views reapecting the vegetable king- 
dom and the science of botany. This was pub- 
lished at Berlin in 1827. Poetry, however, had 
Btill some share of his attention ; and many of hia 
ballads and romances rank with the most distin- 
guished of modem times. Surrounded by a circle 
of attached and admiring Mends, Chamisso con- 
tinued thus entirely engaged until his death, in 
1839, leaving behind him a ntune and works which 
posterity " will not willingly let perish." 

The popular and singular tale of the " ShadowUs* 
Man" (Peter Schlemihl) has been translated into 
almost all the languages of Europe. Nor can it fail 
vividly to interest all who peruse its pages, those 
especially who may read them in the original, Ger- 
man. "We extract from the incident of the first 
chapter in which Feter is invited by a mysterious 
looking personage in a grey coat to part with his 
shadow, for which no price he is told will be deemed 
too great. Peter replies : — 

3(uS f etet ©c^Iemi^l. 

rt^6«, mdn ^eix, DtqeSjttt ©is S^nm untttttjantelUn 
Jtnedjt 3d) wilb^e reolil 3^rt SSeinuns nid)t ganj gul, »i( 


3B4 0>ami*ie. [Sbmantirdje ed)ule. 

Bant' id) nur mtuwn Sdwtten " ®r unwrbrac^ niitf)t 

»3c^ trbitte mk nur X)crc Sitaubnlfi ^iec auf bet StcOe 
Uffen tbitn &i)atun auf (Kbcn }u b&rfm unb ju mit ju ^ckn t 
Kit ii) iai inad)t( ftl aeint Soige. iCagcgen aH Snneii 
meintr Stf enntlicfitelt etgen Na <^(CTm( fiberlatTe id) il;m bU 
Sta£)( untn alien JCldnobienf bie id) in b« Safd^ b<i mtt 
pl^re: bit ic^te ®pnngroutj(If bte MeaumOTKjrt, aB«d)fel' 
pfcnnigei 9)aubti)alnr baS ZtHntii^ oon Stolanb'B jtnopfxni 
tin ®al0enm&nnlein gu btlxM%tm ^>rrii ; bcx^ baf niirb um^ 
nid)ti fiir ©(( frin : beffet, gortunati S!flnfd)^4tlfin, iwu unb 
^altboT nritbtt rtjtauiirt i and) dn GIliUHftcttl % mie ber feinc 
eooefni." — »gortunali ®14cte[(tfel/" pel M i^m in bit Stbt. 
unb mie gnjf meiiu Xngfl aiu^ wari b*^ '<c tn^ bem tinen 
aSott meintn ganjtn @inn gtfangtn. 3d; bthni tinen 
Sc^nnnbtl unb ti flmmate mit nit bDpjKlU <Du!aftn dot 
btn Xugta. — 

irStttebtn gn&bigfi in ^rc biefen Sectel ju b<f![^tigen unb 
JU erptoben." @r fttdtte bit .panb in bit SEafcfet unb jofi rintn 
mifie ero^n; fefteend^ttn SBtutel, uon ftarfem Sotbuanltbec, 
an jDKt tAc^tisen lebtmtn St^ton ^auS unb ^nbigte mir 
felbietn tin. Sc^ gtif ^tin, unb J09 jef)n ®tdbftilde barau£, 
unb wieber itfya, unb nitbtc je^nr unb tciebcT itt)n j id) ^tU 
ii)mfc^neU bit -^nb tiin: f>St«ppl bet .^nbtl gilti fib btn 
IBtutel ^ben ®ie mtinfn @d)altEn." Et fi^lug tin, Initte 
bann ungefAumt wt mii: nitber, unb mit tintr btmunbemei 
»&:bigtn @efd)i(tlid)feit fat) id) i^n mtintn 0d)i)tttn, Mm Xopf 


¥(tei ^Ntfemi^l'] (tTj&amfMi. 885 

bis ju mcinen g^^nr Icifc Don bnn ®rafe lifetir aufV6enr juc 
fommtntollcti unb faUctir unb jult^t efn^dten. @r fianb auf, 
i>«:bcuete ftd] no(% einmal rxi mki unb sog |i(i) bann na(^ b«n 
3lof(n9ebftfi)( jurficf. OTt* biinft', ttl) ^irtt i^n ba Uife pit 
fid) la^n. 3(1) aba i)ielt ben JBeutel bei ben @d)nton fe^ 
runb urn mill) ^ wai; bit (Sibe fonncn^tl, unb in mii; nxiT 
no^ lelne Seftnnung. 

3(f) tam enblit!^ loiebn )a ®inneni unb eOtei biefen Cit jit 
•ottla^m, wo id} ^affent(i(l) nid)ts tnet)i; ju t^un f)atte. 3c^ 
fMte etfl nteine S£afd)Rt mit ®o(bf bann banb i^ rati tie 
®(I)nSie bee SSeuteU um ben ^li ft|li unb tMcbatg {t)n feOtjt 
auf nteinei Sruft. 3(^ tant unbeai^ auS t«m ^adr ecs 
miftt bie eanbfhafe> unb na^m nidnen aBeg nati) bee Stabt 
3&ie id; in @ebanfen bon Zfyxi ju gingi ^&ct' i^ ^intei; mit 
fc^reten : irSungcr ^ttt I t)e 1 junger ^ttt I t)ii;en @ie bod) 1 " 
— 3^ fa^ tnui) am, ein altee Skib rief mit na<S) : ,, ®e^ 
fi^ bet .^etr bo(^ oot/ S5ie ^ben 3^ren ©(fatten ortloKn." 
u£iante, antor^en I" i(I) warf i^ (in ®oIbfUd ^ ben nw^Is 
gemeinttn Slatf) l)in, unb trot unter bit SSiume. 

Xm S^ muft' i(^ gleif^ witber wn b«r ®i^n»d)t 
f)lken; »3Bo ^t bee -^eic feinen 0i%(itttn ge(affen9" unb 
glel* inebet barauf oon ein ^aor grauen; uSefuS SKorial 
bet (mnt 3Sntf4 ^ I^cn Si^en 1" iDat fing an mii$ gu 
Derbnefeni unb idl) txnnieb fet)i forefiUigr in bie Sonne )u 
twten. £>ae ging abei nid)t QbnaH onr jum ffieifpiel nid)t 
iiber bie ^eiteficafier bie ii^ gunid^fi butd)fteujen mu^/ unb 
jUKiTi ;u nwinem Unf)ei(, in ebtn ber SSCunber tno bie Anaben 
auj bo: €!(!^u[e ^gen. @in oerbammttc bucklign: @d)lingel'r 

1 A plagna of ■ hiuicbbicked Imp. 

TOL. n. c c 


886 CbamiMo. [StomantfTi^ St^It. 

id) ft^' {^n ne^f ^tc rt glefdi tMg V bof ntir rin Cc^atteii 
fc^If. ffii wrriitt mid) mit groftoi ®t^dfcti bet flliiiintttd)en 
littTotif^o Stcafttqnfltnb btc Sorftabti nxl^K fofoct mi^ jn 
njmlinn onb mft Xot^ ju bmerfra anltna: »Crbtndi(^ 
SniU pflcgtm i^m CStl^otteit mit fi^ |u nt^n, attm fit in 
bit eSomit eingtn-" tim fit Mnnic abjuiM^rcnf learf id) Solb 
)u voOtn ^nbcn unter (iti unb fpiang in efnen QSitt^gUMgtitf 
|U b<m mir milldbiot Sttltn ixr^^ 

@DbaIb 14 mi(^ in btr rolltnben JCutf^ aUtin befonbi fittg 
14 bitttilid) an su toAata. <St muHt f^on bit X^nang in mit 
aitf|lri(|tn: baf, um fo Dtcl bag @oIb auf Orbcn Scrbicnft unb 
Xugcnb dbcnvitgti um fe uicl bet Qifottai ^f)tr all ftlbfl bal 
ISoIb flef4itt UKitt i nnb wit id) frilKC ben Sbi^t^m mtintm 
SctDifjcn oufeK^ferCf ^attt id) jcQt ben €!4>tttn fir bloM 
@0lb fnRgtgtbcn } wai hmtt, mat foUtt auf ISiben anS mit 

34 ou<c KM^ ftt)* w^^tt, oU bei aSagtn doc meintm alttn 
lEQict^Iiaufe ^itlt) id) trfi^ad fiber bit SotfttUung, nut no4 
ient6 f4ltd)tt iDadQtminet )u betitttn. 34 litf inicmtiiu 
Sadien ^ab^olen^ entpfing btn &nnli4en iBCtnbel mit Ser^ 
a4tunei teocf ttnigt @oIb{Ude ^inr unb befa^ wx bat txxf 
nt^fb ^aUl vorjKfo^n. X)aS ^<Dxi mar gteen Slorbcn gtn 
Itgeni id) ^ttt bit Sonne ni4t )u filc4ten. 34 f4icttt ben 
£utf4'>^ ntit iSoIb ntSf (ieS mir bit befbnStmmtr bom ^tcoui 
amtxifenf tmb i)erf4Iof mi4 tarinr fo botb i4 lonntt. 

fOai benfeft Cu, bas i4 nun anfing? — Q mtin litbei 
S^omiffoi fclbft wr S>ti: efi )u gtflt^eni ma4t Rii4 tirit^n. 
34 i09 hn une[i!l(Cl{4tn @tiel aufi mtintr Slnifl ^tmxi unb 


Vtttc ec^cmi^L] eUmiMa. S87 

mit elntr Xrt SSutfir bid nU eine flactembe Stutijbntntlr fii^ 
in mie buti^ fic^ fclbfl nti^rtt, jog id; (Mb batauSr unb &o% 
unb @oIbi unb immec nu^ ®6tbi unb flrtutt t£ auf ben @ftrt(^r 
unb r<^i:itt Urdiba ^in, unb litf cl Gimnr unb xoaxfi mm 
amti .^aj an bem ©lanjer an bent SXang/t ictibenbi tntmei; 
bU SSttaOrt me^r }u bem 9Kelatte, biS iifi mniibet JiO)^ auf 
bal rritlje Gasn fanl u)^ fi^Igcnb botin nu^ltcr mid) banlbec 
n)ilite. 00 wrging b« Saot bet Xbenb, id) fd)ioEi meint 
Sk^' nii^t aufr bie 9tad)t fanb mi^ litgenb auf bem (Solbti 
tmb bavauf Abtnnannte mid) bn @^laf. 

iCa triumt' efi mir con JDiti rd marb miri oU jhinbt id) 
f)tnt(r bn @lajt^iire X)rineE Ilcinen ^immnrdr unb f&^ SHd) 
i»n ba an iOeinem ]ttbcititifd)t jimrd)en tinetn &UUt unb 
dntm fflunbe getocfnetet ^ftanjen ftjenj wr ©ir wartn .^flUer, 
^nntbolbt unb Sinn^ aufsefc^lascnj auf iDeinem €Sci|>f)a lagtn 
dn Sanb ®ltl}t unb bev Soubtmn^ id| bettad)tete iDii^ lange 
unb icbe« !Ding in £)einn 6lu6<( unb bann Xlid) nnebeii Z)u 
tilfcUft jDi<^ abec nii^, £)u ^^ au^ nid)t ICt^m/ !Du 
mor^ tobt 

Si) raiMd)t(. 6e fi^ noc^ fc^ frO^ )u fdn. 9Xeine 
U^ ftanb. 3d) Dai mie jeii'djlaetnr buiflte unb ^ungcig aud) 
tiei) i iii ^attt feit bem oorigen HSotgen nid)t8 flffleffen. 3* 
flie^ son mtr mit Umntlkn unb Utbcvbtuf bi^ti ®e% an bem 
id) tart vor^ mein t^bndjtci .^Kirj gefittiget ; nun wuft' id) 
DtiMtflid) nii^i nxie id^ bamit anfan^n foQte. <SS butftt 
ni(*t fo liegen blriben — id) oerfut^/ cb eg ber SSeutri mieber 
Dnfd)(ingen njolttt — Mein. Seine* meinec genftet ftffnete 
fic^ bie SSce. 3c^ mufte mi^ bequemeur ei mii^am unb 
mit faunm ®^n>eif ju dnem giofen ®d)ranb bei in einem 


388 ejiamfftlo. [mmant^<S^ e^I& 

XaUatt ^ni, ju ^iftpftnt unb ti barin gu wrpacbn. 3<% 
(ief nor (inige '^anbooU ba Uegen. 9Iad)b«n fd) mit bet 
K[6«t fertig genwrbeiv legt' i<4 mid) etfdi&pft in dntn fo^its 
flutilf unb amaxtttt, baf |u4 CtuU (m ■^auft ju rtgcn anfineen. 
3d) lief/ fobalb et mieli(^ wax, ju cffcn bringe n unb ben Sirt^ 
)u mit totntntn. 

34 befpiad) mit bieftm SKanne tie tfinftige @inrtd)tung 
mefnee 'fwuftS. St empfa^I mit fih ben ni^eren Tiitaft um 
meint ^ptcfon tinen gen)i|Ttn SBenbel, befjen Irene unb scrfUns 
bifle $l)i)ftoflnwiue mic^ flieicfe fleroann. Uerfetbe rear'ij befen 
Kn^nglic^ mid) feit^ tr6|bnb bucd) baS Slenb bee £ebeng 
begteitett unb miv mein bAft'rea iooi eitragen ^ctlf. ISif 
inift bm ganjen Sag auf meinen Simmem mit t)encn(cfen 
Jtned)tenr ®<^nfteni/ ®<^ncUKni unb Xaufltuten ju. ti^ rii^ete 
mid) einr unb laufte befonbtri fe^ ciete Aoflbatleiten unb 
@belfleinei um nur (Stmat bee Dieten aufaefpfl(^rttn ©oUiefi 
loj ju merben j tS fd)itn mil aber gat niifti aU tinne bet 
{laufen |id) vciminbem. 

34 fdjwebte inbeg fiber meinen 3uftanb in ben ingftigenblhn 
^meifrtn. 3d) wagte toien Ed^tt aue meiner Z^ix' unb tief 
IKbenbe otecjig aSat^fetjen in meinem Baal anj^benr btnoc 
id) aue bem iOuntel ^aue tarn. 3d) ffbai/tt mit ©tauen bti 
fiJi;d)tei[id)en Xuftdttee mit ben gdiulEnaben. 3d) befd)lcif, fa 
Diet 3Sut^ idi aui^ bap bebui^ei bie bffentli^e SReinung not^ 
einma( iu prQfen. — Cie 9tSd;te nxiiren {a bee ^ mcnb^eQ- 
Kbtnbe fpit warf id) einen twiten SRantcl umi br&ifte mit ben 
^ut ticf in bie JCugen, unb fii)lid)( iitlumb mie ein Betbwi^et, 
auB bem ^v^t. 6i:|i auf cinem entlegenen ^la^ tiat i^ auj 
bcm @i^atten bei ■t&uferi in beren ®d)Ut id) foiceit getommen 


ma, an baS <OEanbeeiid)t ^tmat, sffaft, mein Si^tctfal (tug btm 
<Dtunbc tec SSorAbngt^nben )u utmt^men. 

Scfpaie miTf lietec Sram^' *^ i&imtnliiit ^ebet^olung 
aIU8 bt^tu nui ic^ nbulben m0t. iDu grauen bejeugtm 
oft bat ttefftt 9tttldb, biK ii^ i^nen rinfUftt } Xrafeningeit' 
Ut mil bit &tU nid)t mfnbn burt^tw^itnif aU bee <^f)n btt 
Sugmb unb bit fyiiimiti^ Snac^S bee aK&nneci bcfonberS 
folc^ bicCnir mot^hlriUtn, bit ftlbft nnm brtittn ©^ttcn 
mxx^n. GEin fd^ee, IwlbeS aSSlKfiCT, bit, wie e8 f^ifn, i^re 
eittnt be^tittter inbcm bieft btbdi^ nur dot i^re gCiEit fa^ 
wonbte win dngcfS^ i^ Inuiitenbrt Vngt auf mid); fit cc 
fc^ct fii^t&atlbi^ ba fk meine ®i})attenlo|TglRt bemerttef H^> 
^eintt i^r \iibttH XnOi^ in i^rtn €i(^(nn;, &E ben ^pf ftnttn, 
unb Qtng lautlot wr&bn. 

3(& tttTug ti lAnger nid)t. @diigc @te&tnt brodjen aul 
mrinen Xu^tx, unb tnit but^c^tteneni .^erjen |og fd) mid) 
f<^an(tnb in'S iDunlel iurAd 3d) mu^c mit^ an ben ^ion 
fern tialtenf um mdnt @d)dtte gu fi^enii unb eTTCtd)te langfam 
unb \fit meint SBof)ntin9. 

3d) bcac^e bie 9tad)t fd)[afIoi ja l(nt onbnn SC^ief imt 
ndne erjle @orgt( nod) bem SItannt im grauen Sedt dbtiaQ 
fu<^ ju laffen. JBieOeii^t foltte ei infc seltngnif i^n triebec ju 
linbcnr unb wie gldifltd) I nxnn Sfyii nie mii^ ber t^irid)tt 
^nbel gnreuen foOtc. 3d) litf Senbel uoc tni(^ tommnr er 
ft^itn ©ewanbt^ unb ®«fc^* iU beltften/ — i(^ fdjitberie i^m 
genau ben USannr in btfTtn B3efi| tin ^Hfii |l^ befanbr D^nt 
b«n mir boS Geben nuc tint Cinal fri. 3d) fod^e iiim bie 3eitr 
ben Ort, Bjo ii^ i^ a«f«^n> M"^* '■W *"«' bi* JUfifflm 
eoKftni unb f Agte biefrt 3cti^n nod^ Ijinju : et fuQe m na^ 
eintin iDoKcnb'fdjtn St^nro^r noc^ rinem gDObur^ioiittni 

I :„i- I ,C(K>tjl>J 

890 CinaiMo. immanmt 04ale. 

tftrtifclini ^Sitpi^ nai) rinem ^ac^uftjtlti unb tnblic^ na^ 
btn fd)wai:|tn Stnl^tnelltn genau nlunbieen, Unn @efil)i^, ' 
o^t gn btlKmrnm tmtf mU ber M rit^ftt^^ aXatittce 
jufammtntjingtf iwld)n; VKcn unbebeutenb gefct)inHni unb 
befl^ Srfc^tmg bu 9tuf)t unb baS ®lAd mtimi itlxia 
i»r|lfttt tatft. 

iOSie W) oulBmbrt, ffolf i* ®otb ^, rint Colt wit (dj fi< 
nut ju ttagtn wrmw^ unb legtc Sbelfkiiu unb 3uukI(R 
nod^ ^inju flit einm fltlftm ffitrt^. „9tnbtl," fproi^ ic^ 
»bUf(« dmtt ■Ml ^s/t unb ntad)t Sitlel Idi!|tf mat un^ 
mtglit^ r^ien ; fd nt<!M lots iiontft/ mft i^ tS ni<!f)t buir fonbtnt 
9c^'/ unb (T^u( SCdnen <|Kmi nrit 9ta^^n/ auf btntn fdne 
aOdnigt .^nung Umyt" 

<St ging. ®p&t hint tt unb tcourig iurQct. Xnnei Don 
bm toittn bes {Mtm So^ni Jtrinec con feinen ©Afbrn tc 
fjottt aOc sefpTOC^i imtpte fi(( nur entfmit an ben SSonn Im 
gcaum 8!«t ju ttfnnRn. iDn ntut Stltflop mar ba unb 
Jttinet loufte, Wo er ^grfommeni bet Stppid)/ baS 3ttt 
naKn ba no(^ auf bnnfelti«n ^dgtl auggebidttt unb auf* 
Stft^itdflcnf bit Antditt irji^mten btn Stiifttfnm 0^ ^tvcn, 
unb Jttintt umSttf tion nanntn Mtfe nnun Aoftturttfttn j^m 
jUstfomnttn. Sr felbH (latte fein SBa^CgtfaKtn boran/ unb 
i^n C^nuntrtt tfi.nt^ baf ti idifi vA^ii mtljn a fit ^bt ) 
bit Vftibt ^otttn bit iungtn i^trctnf bit fit gnitttnr in t^itn 
&htUni unb fit pritfm bit 5>^c^'tit bti .^nm 3o^n, 
btE tie i^ntn an itntm Sagt gtf^ntt ®o oicl tr^Ott au8 
btr aucfil^ic^n Qiii^g SItnbtl'c, belfcn loft^ fitftt 
unb vtrfl&nbiee giU)cuner au^ t>ti fo fruditloftni Strfotflti metn 
Dtibltnttt Bob tt^Utn. 3di n)inttt i^m bjifbci ntt^ aOtin 
ju laHin. 


¥ttet 6#(tiiri^] €i»taU*t. 891 

nSi) ^bt," ^b tx nitbtt am rrinrinein .^cmt Skric^ ab 
geftattrt iibtt bk Vn^tlcgtii^ bic i^ am rai^tiglttn wtc 
axir blribt noi^ dn Suftrag outjucb^tntr ben mir ^vtt fdS^ 
3«nanb gegebcnr mh^tn id) vcr itc X^ftr Ixgegnetei ba i4 
]u bcm ®ef4iftt audflinflf irc i(^ fo unglfidCUt^ gwefen. it)it 
dsnitn aBdctc b(( IRannrt watta: irfSo^cn fiHt btm ^tan 
fteteir Si^ttmi^I, n wfiibe mu^ ^in ni^ dk^ fc^, ba 
ii^ Hba't Wen gt^ ) imb rin ^fit^&ga SBinb mi<^ fo tben 
na<l) ban <^fen nift Via Hbtt 3a^ unb Z<ig ntrbe it^ bie 
S^ ^toii i^n felbec anftufui^n unb ein anbetHr i^m bann 
DitOeii^ amu^Iid^ ®<fi^ft noiiitfi^laeen. (Smpfe^n ®it 
n^ i^ untm^gfl, tinb voflt:^ i^n mrineS tDanfee."" 
ff34 fnig {^iv nxr tr ndnr n: fagtt obcrr QSit fointtn {^ 

ffSBte fad bn SRann au(?" cief i^ noKn X^iins. Unb 
SSenbtl btfd)citb mir ben 3]tann im gcauen Stoete 3ua fAr 
Bug, 9Boit r&c Siort, mCe a aetmi in felnec ootieen Stt&^bms 
bet ^tanneC em^i^ntf na^ bem a Ji^ ei&mHgt ' — 

frUngl&ltlidiei t" fc^ id) ftlnbenngcnb/ »ba< mot a \a 
ftlbfl t" unb t^ fiel eS n>it &4un>en oon ben Xugen. — »3ar 
ec mot elf mai e« airHii^l'' rief er ecfd^cttt aub »unb it^ 
JBerHenbetn/ SlltofinnigeT Inbe i^ nti^ ecfonnt, i^n nid|t m 
tanat unb nicincn ^ecai wtrot^ I" 

0t bioc^ ^ n>einenb/ in bte btttfcflen Seasbfe gegen fii^ 
felbcc outr unb bie SieriUKiflnnfl/ in ber ec nxirr mufCe tnk 
felber 9Kitleibtn einfttfen. 3<^ ^ftai) i^ Smf ein, ucrfli^em 
i^n mfeber^olt, i^ ft(te Icinen ^nteifel in feine SErcue, unb 
fi^icEU f^ aUbalb nai^ bem ^fntr urn, no migUdi, bie 
Spnren bc§ feltfamen aXonnel ju oerfotgen. Xbet an biefem 


392 tf^mMo. [Stomontifi^ Si^ale- 

felben tOtorgtii tnmn fe^ ciett W^tt bit tmbcige lEBinbe im 
^en jurActge^enj autgetaufciif ode nat^ anbe»n Stlt= 
ffcic^ alle mi^ aidvccn Sti^aa btftinuntf unb bn groiie 
aSoim »m firarM toit tin Sc^otttn ixi^(^nb(n. 


3n ber @onne SSKaliltn 
SKar fd^ ftarl unb gut 

Xfebtr eebintnvogeni 
Stmitf SlumtnluftJ 

SKe fo ffflrt bit ©t^iwn I 
me fo DoU bit aSnifl I 

®nb ti ift jetronntiv 

Ski tin l&;aum nur tvor } 
aSinttr ift gelommtni 

aSteidjenb nrir baS ^oi^ 
33in fo at genmbcni 

TUt unb f^DOii) unb blinb* 
TUti I Dtnct^t bat iebat, 

Bie tin %eb<toinb ! 

^^ war SintTf btm'C ju ^nyen ginsr 
jDdf i^m btc 3apf fo ^inttn ^ine, 

Si moU' tS onbttri liabtn. 
do bcntt ti btnn ; toit fang' W^ <i>i ? 
3(^ b«V mill) urn, fo ifl'B flet^an — 

£»! Scpfi btt IiSngt t^m ^inttn. 
9a tut cr fltn( fii^ umatbn^t, - 
Unb nrft eS |hinb» H onnod) ftt^ — 

SDer ^ff bar ^ingt i^ ^tntcn. 
|9a bie^ a ^ijntU fli^ onbtrt 'ntnif 
't nriib abti nod) n{d)t btffti: b'nm — 

Zwv Sopff bo: f)&n0t i^m ^inttn. 


atoflifc^ ®ff(l)id6t(.] ttitbndJovS. 

St t^ut nHjtt ®ut'8, a t^nt nidiM ®diCecf)t'a- 

XKt 3o:pff bet ti&ngt i^m ^fnten. 
<tr brtfjt fit mi( ein JErrifd foit, 
SS l)tlft )u niititi, in tintm aBcrl: 
Xm Sopf, btr ^Angt i^ ^tntcn. 
^nb ^tift, tt bu^t |i4 immn lux^ 
Unb btnCt: tt EiUft am Snbe bod^ — 
Cm 3i>))fi ba IiAngt i^ ^tcn. 


grifd) gefungoi. 

'a6' oft im JCirife bre 

3n buftigtm @iaf< gnu^tf 
Unb ma tin eicblein dcfungeiv 
Unb aOtC wai ^f^d) ui^ 
ftab' rinfam and) mic^ gb 
3n bangem bfifEaen 3)tut^/ 
Unb ^ait mitba etfungtnr 
Unb atUs tear mitbn got. 

May be classed with this school : his writings are 
more observable for their poetical character than 
for their depth, and are especial favoimtee with 
readers of imaginatiTB minds. He is an excellEoit 
lyric poet : mountain and valley are hia elements — 
natmre his erer inexhaustible theme. 

Wnb mani^r teat Ui) ro 

fBtttoiit' it in Pletaiintt, 
Unb font id) nntbec ju fingtnr 

9Sat alM aiu^ mitbra 

^Hft ni^t une langt Uogenf 
SSat alUi bit XBt^e tfyit, 

Unb oOtl loiib wiebn: gut. 


394 fdi^ttOiarH. [SHe eOU. 

SiCEKinioBiT ia known both by hie poems and 
his novels. Of the latter, those entitled " Aiu dem 
Lehen emet TavgenUihtt" (Life of a (Sood-for- 
nothing), and " Diehter und Vtre Getelten" (Poets 
and their Fellows) are fiill of unstudied wit and 

EioHEBDOBFf was bom at Lubowitz, near Badbor, 
in Silesia, 1788, and still lives. 

nt ©title. 

(pi uKi^ unb th.t\) M) ftinnf 
Sle mfr fo roo^X i% fa uio^Il 
Kdl 1 »dft tS nur SiiKTi nut <SiatCi 
firin sKcnfrfi ti fonft wiffen foai 

fto urn ift'a nfcfet brauStit im SS*n«, 
SSc fhimm unb wrfdNmegen finb 
iDit ©traiK nirfit in bei ^^, 
XU meine (Scbanten flnb. 

!D»fIi(g(n ttiwi ecci^n aufi 
jCie fibtrftfeani einanbcrr 
asrin .^erje fota* i^^™ 2aiif. 

34 tciinfditcr i(I) teirc ein JSAgUini 
Unb jige fiba baf SOtceri 
IBd^I Aba tctt 3S<ar unb oeitref 
Sti ba$ id) int -^immel teii' I 


it»nix eon 8t6b(|a^t] fiUtuint. 8dfi 


Soiform Katl august Mxaawi 

Was bom at Jena, in 1735, studied divinity^ at that 
imiTereity, and died 28fch of Oct., 1787, whilst pro- 
feBBOT at the gymuaeiuia ofWeimar. MuB^rs was 
Btyled " the amiable," an appellation to which hie 
private character and his writingB fully entitle him. 
His nOTels, though of a Batirical cast, are yet com- 
posed in a good-tempered, harmleBS, and agree- 
able style. In his " Fh/nogncmiUcke Beken" he 
chastiseB, but with a friendly hand, the abuBes 
and follies of "Lavater's Fh/nognomie." His 
" Volksmdhrchen der BeuUehen " (Popular Tales 
of the Qeimaos) are amongst the most pleasing in 
the German language, and have contributed much 
to cherish the pi^ular taste for the old legendary 
traditionB. MusAua is at once an entertaining 
and instructire writer, qualities which united have 
caused the great popularity of his writings. Hia 
" Legende wn Mubezahl" " Soland'i Enappen," and 
"Meleehiala" are most ezquiaitely told, and have 
afforded a fiand of gratification to many an En^h 

SeS^tibe von Sliibeja^I. 
J^uf btn oft tmb matt itfunaeiun SSubcteni bent ^oniaf ba 
Si^tcfUri f)auftt in ^Uit^ Sinttad)! mbcn ^Ko unb fdnm 
mun lOtufcn t<r benifcne fBraggeiftr StQ^tja^ genonnt, Ux bat 
ERbftnecUrse baun boA^mtR gemo^ ^ati aU bit f(^Ie|if(^n 


896 jUntfan*. [ecgcnbe 

Cid)tn oQinmal. XXtTn S&rlt btc ©nomen itfi^t ;inir auf 
bee Cbtc^dje bet IStbe nnc dn fbinei @t&{et, von maiQ 
Steitcn im Umfonsr nrit etiiei Jttitt Don SBergen UTO^iHo^mt 
unb tf)tUt biet Sisent^um nod) mft )Wri mid)tigen lOlonarc^, 
bit fein CSonbcminUtm ' nid)! einmal aneibnntn. Xbct ipenfge 
Ka^tn; unttc bn utbaTen Qcbrinbe I)ebt rniie KKtin^wrf^ft 
oni bta &in ¥artaeefradflt' ju fii)inStetn oetmoe. unb erfbcift 
fid) auf oi^tbunbfiS fec^ig ffllrilen in bic Siefe, bi« jum SHittcU 
ptmft bet Srbe. Unnvikn gcf&Ilt rj btm untertebifc^n Sito: 
rofitiv frint lodtflebeljntfn SpcoDinien in bem KbgrUTibf ju 
but<^{niy»ii bit uncrf<^6ppid|«i Sc^aftfonitnein cbltr S&Hc 
unb Stb^e )U btfi^nenr bie £nq)pf(^ft ber ©nonicn ju 
mufteni unb in Vrbeit ju fe^f t^eiUr lun bie (Staatt ber 
Seunflrime ini t»nge»tibe ber ©rbe butc^ fefle t>i.mmt anfi 
IQ^oIttn/ t^eil£( mtnnalifc^ jDimpft ]u fa^ mitteit^altigen 
Si^ben taube6 ®eftein ju befdnvingnm unb tS in tbltS 61^ 
{u uenconbetn. Suntilen tntft^Ugt a fic^ aStr unteticbtfi^n 
Segiecungtfinrgenj ti^tbt fic^ )ur St^olung auf bit @ttnifefh 
feinee @ebitteg| unb ^al fein ffiefen auf bcm 9iiefengebirge, 
tretbt ba Spitti unb ®pott mit ben IRenfc^tinbemr une ein 
fro^tt Utbennflt^Iei, ber^ urn eintnal jU (ac^n/ ftintn 9ta(i}>at 
{u aCcbe fi^It. 

JDenn gwunb aabtjci^'i, foOt i^ nii(ftn» ijl georttt, nrft tin 
JCtaftgente : launtfi^ unstftiimf fonbeibar i benget^aftf n^i uns 
befdjtiben i fMj, eitel, mantelmfit^ 5 ^eule ber ittinnfte gnunb, 
morgen fremb unb (alt; ju 3eittn gutmilc^ig, ebel unb empfinbc 
font i abtt mit fi(^ feCbfE in ftttem !(Bibei:fpcuif)e j albctn unb 
oeifef oft meid) unb ^ in jwei Xuetnbttden/ vie tin (Sir bad 

r:„i- :i-,G00tjl>J 

oon 9iabtia1)L] jHwtiiiut. 397 

in fitbtnb SSaHn f&dt ) fdwR^ft unb iitbttt fUtrif^ unb bm^ 
fatiii naif bci @timmungj tct< t^ burner unb innntr Crans 
brim rcftai Mnblid jtbeS JDing etgwifen lift. 

Con Dlim'd ^titen ^tt, t^t nc(% ^a^M'B SIo^IEnunUnet 
fo neft noibiD&ctS gcbcungen ntaniv ba|i fie bitfe ©tgenben 
tciit^boT tnac^nir tofitt SUtbtjotil fi^ tn bnn wilbni @ebicgtj 
^^ ffiSini unb XuetM^tn an dnonbrTi btifi fit iufammcn 
f&mp^m j obn ^i)e\t<!t)tt mtt graufcnbtm I3<t6fe bai fc^ut 
aStlb DOT fic^ ^r unb jlibjte eg son ben {teilen gelfenQi^^n 
^inab in'S twfe SttjaL SDitfnr Sagbtn mfib(» pg « loitber frint 
S^rii^fteafle buT(^ bfe Sfltgicntn bn: UnteruKltf unb atiUt ba 
3a()t^unberte, bis if)n Mn neuem bit fiuft annwnbfltef fid) an 
bit ®onne ju Uo/m unb b«i Xnblittd b« iuSem Qi^^n^ ju 
gentefien. Site na^'S t^n SBunbecr aU n an|t bei friim; 
SliicHtbt, Bon b«n befc^neBen ®ipfel b(S BMeffngtbirgea utnlRtt 
fdnutnbj bie ®<aenb ganj utr&i^^ert fanb I 2He b&ftennf ui^ 
buc(!l)bvingUd)en S&tbei: nunn au§gt^uen unb in ^ud)tba«£ 
Xdnlanb ctncanbtltr voo ieid)e Srnten lolftta. Snnf(I)«i ben 
^paniungen bli^nber Ob^iume tacfen bit Qtta^Mftt gc 
feKiger IDiifei: ^ernotf auj btreti @cl)lcit ftieblidjer^EtuSrEtud) in 
bie Kuft mirbftte ( ^ifr unb ha ftanb eine riufamt Earte auf 
bem ICbliang ttneS ^etgili ju @d)U| unb @d)iTm bed GanbeS; 
in ben blumemeic^ ICucn tueibelen QHfife unb .|iornt<t(fi> unb 
auj ben liditen ^inen tinten n»Iobifd)e Si^ilmtitn. 

t>it 9teu^ bet &a^ unb bie Knne^mltd)ftit beg erfttn 
anblicB ergigten ben oennunitrten 5S!*ratori(ir^emi fc felir/ 
bof ec fiber bit eigenmicfjtigen ?»flanier» bie o^ne frine SBeo 
gfinfiignna Ciier nin^c^aftefenr nic^ unninig matbi nod) in 
il)ttm X^un unb aSefen |te ju fl&itn bege^ittj [onbem {te fo 


898 jffKtttfantf. [Segtnbt 

nil)ig im fBeftQ \fyctt angonagtcn Qigmt^uinS lief, iDif ein gut' 
mfit^tgtt ^uScafet bet gtftlUgen Sdwolbc obn felbft bem 
AbntSftiflni Spott untn fdnem Dbbac^ Vufenlfnit gtftottet. 
Sugar moib n: Sinnrti mit btn aXmTi:^ btefte Snnttec: 
gattons iwn (Stiji unb S^irr, Selonntfcifaft ju mai^n/ i^ 
"Xxt unb Katut ju nr^rfetxii unb mtt t^nni Umaang )o pptgen. 
Si na^m bit (Strait ebirt dtfiiden XtCotnt^tei an/ unb seo 
bingte {id) M bem erjttn beften Sanbuitrt^ in Xrbeit ItfUt, 
teai a unttimttinu QtW^ n<o^I nntci fnnn -^nb, unb Wvpii 
bet Mdertnedrt, gait ffir ben beften Htbtita im iDorfe. ICber 
fein SSrdt^ta leat ein ^raffn unb Sdjlemmecr btt ben Smwrb 
bti treutn Jtnet^S oeift^nbete unb ifim feine ^SHHjt unb 
Kcbeit mcnig Sant muftt ; bonun fdfiieb «r van ifim unb tarn 
gu beffen ERadibaT, ber it)ni feim Sh^ffftorbe untetsabj ei 
nuttett biefet fleifng, tdeb fie in Sintben unb auf fitilt fStx^, 
wo gefnnbc firJIutet mudifen. 2)te ^eei:be gebie^ glridjfoCU 
untet ftinet ^^anb unb mefnte |tcf) i (etn @(H fturjle Dom 
Selfen ^ecab baS @emdef unb teincS jerrif ber SBotf. Kber 
fein !8rabt)err nMC tin larger Silji ber fetnen treuen JCntdjt 
mif lo^nKf ntic ei foKte; benn er flof)! ben btiten SBibber an( 
ber ^rrbir unb Ifirite baf&r ben ^irtenlo^. Siorum enUief 
SSfS bem @eijl)aU, unb btente bem SHiftn oit .^mrenbuditf 
worb bie OtiSet ber 5Diebe, unb ftJ^nte ber SufKi mit ftrengera 
Qifer. Hifc ber €tid)ter mar ein unger((^nr 93tann, beugtt bat 
Sie^tf rii^te nadi ©unfl. unb fpotCett ber @efe^. aStil S&pi 
nun nii^t baS Saerfjeug ber Ungeredjtigieit fein wolKei fagte er 
bem fRic^ter ben Xiien^ auf, unb nxiib in ben JCerler geittorfen, 
aui nxt^m er aber, auf bem gnvt^nlidtm !(Begt ber @ei^, 
burin's SdjIflffeOoi^, (eid* einen auggong fanb. 


Don Stiibejat)!.] fiHuiimi. 899 

iDiefet aflx Beifu*, bo* Stubtum ber aRenfcftenftmbt ju 
ttdbtn/ fcnnt' i^n urnnSfltic^ jur aHmTditnlwbe cnointunt 
tt! fe^e ffiit SBcrtiuf auf frine Selfcitiume jurildf Sbaf<^autt 
Don ba bU Iad)enbtn ®<iilbc/ twldte bit mtnT^tic^ SnbuArit 
wrTc^iiiert ttoOef unb mmberte fidii bof bit tRutter 9tatiii 
i^ @p<nbni on ^olijt tSaftarbbnit eertit^ CetTcmmeeat^ 
ttWBte cr noi^ eine XuifUidjt in'S Conb fit's ©tubium bet 

iDa ma tin SSaun in bn Smtipflege 3i(id)aibeT9r bent ^attt 
efn bSfer 9tad)bat fein J^V unb ®ut abgerecfjtet ^ unb nadtgbnn 
|t(% bit 3ufHj feina listen Jtu^ bem&t^gt ^ottci blieb i^m 
9ti^t( iUitts, ale tin ab^ljianUi 9Bcib unb ein fialb S^u^cnb 
JCinbeCf boiMn a ffva btn ®<nifttn bit ^Iftt f&t fdn mut 
Qtitiiibm Kie^ Mcpf&nbtl ^ittt. Smat gt^bittn it)m noc^ dn 
poar rAllige gefiinbt Xnnt jur abet fte ivaten ni(l)t ^{nteid)enbi 
fic^ nnb bie Seinigen bavon ju n&^ren. <Si fd)ni[l itim biurdj'B 
^erji wenn bie junatn Slaben na<^ iStab fiftitn, unb ec ^iiftt 
ijQttt, i^ren quilenben .^unan ju fiill«i. »!Oitt ^unbett SC^oi 
letnr" fpTa(^ tr ju bcm fumntecDoHen SBobe/ frn&ic mt go 
tiolfenr un^em seifdUenen <&auSt)a(l toiebet ai^utic^ unb fttn 
Mn bem ftcettTi^ttgtn 9ta(i)bat tin neuci Gcigent^um )u q/^ 
tmnnen. Su ^^ reid]e JBetCem jenTrit befl @ebn:^ ) id) »iU 
^in unb i^nen unfete 9lot^ Sagen i cieOeit^ baf fid) tinrt at 
bannct unb ouS gutem ■^jen son fetntnt UebtTfuf unB auf 
Sinfen lei^f fo DieE mit btb&fen." 

iDoS niebeteebiiidte SBtib tmHiate mit fd)tDad)ra |>af^ng 
eine* #dltd)en Srfolee in biefen aJorfdjIag, meil (fe fcinen 
bcffem nm^te. t>a QXann afxt ^xtOt fnH^e feine Senben/ unb 
tnbcni a ISeib unb Jtinba Mrtitp f fpia^ tc itinen !£nfl tin : 


400 fUnHmi. [etgenbt 

f/SStmct nt^t 1 3Sdn ^txi fagt ei tniti id) n»nt« dnm SBo^ 
tifittt finbeni bet und fhbecli^ ftfn wkb, old bit Diecje^n 
9tot^^tfttr ju itxldKn id) oft Wig/iWii) gRcaafoInrtet bin." 
^inauf 1b<ttt a tine fyati ^StotdUbt jm ^E)ning in Ut 
3afd](f nnb ging bacon. fSX6b' unb matt oon bn ^i^ beS 
Xoecf unb bem roeittn aBegti gtlangtt n jin: Kbtnbjeit in ban 
iDorfe ani wo bit tridjtn Settren mo^nten i abet bintr roottte 
i^n ftnnenr taait miStt t^n betKrbergtn. aXit ^cn SC^&ntn 
Hagtt tt iijnin fein Sltnb i aba bit ^art^iBHi giljt aditettn 
nid)t boranfr (r&ntttn ben atmtn fDlann tnit Sonttfttftn nnb 
btteibigenbtn SSprii^iittm. Siner fptat^ : nimiti WM, f^Hti' 
bein (Suti" bei animt: nlwffa^ct loinnit cdi: btm ^atli" 
btt taittf : „VM bu'* ttribft, fo gt^t'i i " btt oirett : ,/3tbtr ifl 
feince ®(ildeS ®d)mitb." So ^ilinttn unb fpotttttn fie fefiuri 
nannten i^n tintn ^affec unb SauKtnitri unb tnbtid) ftiefen 
|t( ifm gac jur S£t|&: ^inonC. Sinn folc^n Xufna^mt ^attc 
(t^ btr arrat Btttet tu ber rridicn Sifipfc^ft ftinct XStibti 
itt(^ Mi:ftl)tn j fhunm unb nrautig fcl^ tt von bonnntf nnb 
weil n Si^t« ^tttj um baS ©^lofgelb in btc ©djenft ju bet 
gaflltn. mu^ a onf cimnt <CKufd)aber im geCbt jtbtniac^en- 
■^K trtoartett ec fn^flot ben )6e«mb(n Sag^ urn fii^ auf ben 
■^rimnxB (u begeben. 

£a ec mm loiebn in'c ©ebirge iam, itbnmat)m i^n .gianii 
unb SetAmmecnif fo ft^c, bafi er ba BerjUKtflung na^ woe. 
Snwi aage 2Crbeiiao()n wrloren* bacfif er bei Pcfj (etbet, rantt 
unb tntb&fttt Don (Scam unb ^nngeci o^ne 3co^ o^ne -^f^ 
nung 1 IBtnn bu nun t)eimlt^|1r unb bte fed)S omen SSAnnti: 
btr entgegen fd;mad|t(n, t^tre .^&nbt auf^ebenj Don bic Sotifal ju 
begttnen, unb bu flc einen Bifltn SBcob i^jnen einen Stein 


bitten rnuft: Sattclieri! 8!at«{)n:i! loie fannfl bu'S feafltn. 
JBrid) cntiiMti ormet ^m, e^' bu biefen Samrnn ffi^lefll 
^terauf tcarf n fid) unter einen Sc^lnnbufi^ friiuo fdnw^ 
m^isen ®<banlen iMitn; nat^u^fingcn. 

Siie aba: am ERanbt btt SBerbccbtnS He SktU mil bie b tten 
JCr&^ an|innstr dn StdtnneCmttttl an^utunbfc^ftcn/ jtbt 
'^imfatti auf unb nitbnUiu^r «nt IBinbl bn ^^ntafie burcf)c 
fpifjet/ ed^t Dbcr Sci|t fib btn ^minbml^tnben Untngang jo 
fnc^/ — fftH) eiiMtn SootCmaniKr bn ^tm @d)iff fln!tn ftt^b 
r^II bie etiicSdta ^aufitnnt, m in ben ^tafttorb )U ben 
etm obtr, mnn er uittmn SSerbed iflf oin b(T Sub fpringtr in 
ber J^ffmnq/ tin fflrett obet eine lebige Sonne jv eit«f<l|en, 
ttm fid) ilbetr SSafTet ju ^Iten : fo Dofiel untet touficnb nidttigtn 
lCnf(t)Iigtn unb SinfAKtn bet troftlofe aieit auf ben @eban!fnr 
fi4 an ben GJeip brt SebitfleS in feinem Xnliegen ju n>enben. 
Sc ^atCe uiel abentoietlft^ Sefi^i^en con i^m ge^&it> wit er 
jntveiltn bie 9!dfenbtn gttrflU unb se^ubeltf i^nen moni!^ 
2ctt ' nnb jDampf an^an, ixS) <aii) mttunter ®ute6 eiwitficn 
^be. @g tDor i^ vx^l bdannt, baf er fii^ bri feinem ®potb 
namtn nfcdt ungclbaft rufen lafft i bennocii umfte er i^ oaf 
fcine onbere BBeffe befjutonmeni alfo uogtc et'* anf tint 
pti^tld unb ritf, [o ft^ er tonntc: 8Uibt}at)ll aUUieja^I! 

Kuf bieftn 8tuf tt^ifun aUbaSb dnt <3tfta1ii glleit^ rtnent 
ni$igen StU^kt, mit dnem fn^trot^ SJartti bet bid an ben 
ffljktd rtb^e, feurigcnf ftienn Xngtn, ui^ mit eintt SS^s 
punge benul^r gleit^ tinent SSeberbaumt He er mit €irimm 
ci^bf ben frtc^n €Si>ittei }u trfi^aen. »SBit fSmftt ^ta 
BtAbtja^V fvta^ IBtit gant untrfi^ittn« »»eriei^/ mtnn id) 

TOL. II. D d 



atd) mif milt tituSrt ; t)tct tnit^ nnc an^ toim ttnitf iDoe eui^ 
Dtf&Ot" ZJwft ttxi^ 8itbe nnb bit lammaWSe aSient t)C« 
SSonnrtf bic mba ouf aSut^niHen no^ Somit bcutttd bts 
f&nfCiBten ben So<^ btl Sti^ti in ttoaS. HSittniiiitcm/» 
fpia^ CTr »Q(at trnbt bii^ mi4 |u btuntn^fgro? !Bki$t bu 
mdii baf ba mic mU J^tdt unb ^out ffii btim Smxl bfi^ 
mu0t!" n^trc^' antuioirtttt 9iat, f,bie Utot^ tnibt mti^ jit 
««( i ^' tint aSittti bit i^ ntir Ui^t ^mHian Knnt 3^ 
foot mtc ^uitot SE^Irt Iri^ } Wif ta^V fit tail mit lonbc 
itHHicn 3in|^ in bni SolR^tn nftbtCf fb toa^ t^ e^li4 bin 1" 
mS£^>" fino^ bet Stiftj »tiinii^ tinSudieitcobtrSubtj ber 
anf Sinfni Iti^i @t^' ^ )u bttnen 3Xtnf^nbrAbeni unb 
borgt ba, fo eiel bit 9tot^ l^ut, arid) abtr la^ in 9{ti^'.'< 
1/^ I" raribtrtt Stitj „mit btr fOIeitfii^bnUitcfii^ft i^« 
an«I Xuf axtin unb X)dn aOt bine Srilbtrfii^ft" ■ftferanf 
tq&tittt tr i^ ftint ISefn^ii^ nac^ ber e&ngtr unb f^Ubette 
itfin ftfn brAdtnbei Sltnb fo rA^rmbr ba^ i^ ber ®iuime feint 
iSittt md)t wrfaetn bnntt ; wib n^enn btr atmt Xropf aui$ 
istntgec SXitleib octbUnt (jitter fo fn^ bo4 bcm @ei|t ba6 
UntrrfonatRf mn {^m tin Qopital gu UHftar fo ntu unb fbnbec 
boTf baf tr am bee guten SutmuenS tmOtn smeist wati btS 
tCIannet JBitte ju genti^en. »Jtonun'( folgt miry fpta^ «/ 
unb fitijxt' i^n borauf woIbtimidTtSf in tin abgelegenee S^U 
lu tintm f^roffen Qetftn, btfTen gu^ tin biiita Sufc^ bebedte. 
9la(l)b«n m SStit ntbft ftintm SttgltUcr mit SHilfie buret's 
3ejli&u(I)t eearbdtet ^atu, stlangten fit junt einganee ttnei 
futftem ^^U. iDem gutra fMt wax md)t tvat)! bubet jn 
9Xut^, ba er fo im SJuntetn tappen mu^tt ; t§ litf {l)tn tin 
tattec Sdwuei m^ ban anbtrn ben Mden ^inabf unb feint 


BotiSflbtia^t] iWtuianl. 408 

.^oon PtAubtra ^c^ cmgwc. StAbtjo^ fiat fi^n 1Dtancf)(n 
Uttoym, ba<!f)f n i uxe waii mat fAr ein QCbgcunb tnti: dot 
btn giiSm Iftflt, in rotliim i^ brim nidiflni ®<l)ritt ^ab« 
ftftiic j MMi ^icte n tin fikdAtrlu^i Skaufcni ais rineC 
JIase»a{fn«j bai fiiJ^ in ben tiifm @^(f)t ergof . 3t ntritcr 
a fijrtf^ritt, je mt^ enflttn iljm gurc&f unb ®touf«i bat ^trg 
dn. X)od) tuQ) fo^ n )U feinem Sco^ in Ux gmw tin 
bioueg gUmntdKn ^iipftn t bal SJtcggmitlbt tmtitntt flt^ ju 
dncm en&umigtn Saute < bad JfUmmCi|en brannlt ^n } unb 
r#Mbte aB ein .^onsltii^ in bet 3Sittt ber getfenliallr. 
Suf bent 9f[a1ttir betfclben (itt ibni tine tupfttne Stoupfonnt 
in bit Xugtni mit titet ' 1)axtm ZI)aUm bit an ben Stanb sefAUt 
iOa Stit ben @tlbfij^e nbUAtf fi^nKinb oOt ^liai ^ifi bca 
Ifin, unb baS ^oi ^fipte i^ dot gnabtn. „9&ttm,ii fpni^ 
bei (Sti^i iitKi bu bebarfll, t« \a menie ober eith nut ittlle 
mit einen SHiOUibiitf auii aofaa bu bee St^reibeni trnibig 
Mjl" iDtt Cebitoi beioljefe bati unb j&^Ut fidi gaotlftn^p 
bit tmnbert S^^alet jUj nli^t tintn me^ir unb ttfnin loenistr. 
Xm ®ei|t fi^ auf bai 3il|lungSgtfW flat nidit ju at^en, 
bit^ fu^ itxSf unb fut^t inbtf ftine S^ceibmoteriotten Im^ 
voc. SSeit fdirieb ben S^ulbbrief fb bihibisr oU ftini migtii^ 
war i bet ®name fifito^ fiU^ in tintn tiftnttn S^ofetajlnv 
unb fogte )uni Saitt: »^V Wi '«''■■ St^unbr unb nilge bein 
@tlb mit atbtitfontrr <^nb. iBtrgif nii^r bat bu mein 
SSc^uUiner bifb unb mttft bit ben Singnns in bat Xlial unb 
bfcfe getftnSuft gtnau. Sobalb bai btitte 3al)T verftetfen ^, 
ga^l^ bu mir Sopitol unb 3ini judid j {<!^ bin ein lictnott 
®l&ubieei; i liAltF' bu nidgt einr fo ^rbert id) td mit Unetfl&n." . 

> NmUngbut. 



404 0Lfaku*. [Efficnbt 

£tr t^itlUit Sett vaffzai^ anf iKn SEog gutt Stjalibine gu 
Itilbtb »fifiKa4'i nift ftfntt Mtbeni .^otibf boc^ ifyai Sk^nwrr 
DoitfiiAdt nii^ ftim @tik imb ecligfritf nrit lofe Stja^Irt 
|u (Ijtin pfttetiif tmb f(^ mit fxtntboirtin '^crgni von feincm 
ekiiult^trm in bo: Stlf«i^^' ou* bo: cr Irit^t kfn Kits' 
gang fonb. 

iDtt Iiunbtct Wfokc »irtten btf ilim ^ m&t^tlfl auf €!etl' 
tmb etibf baB {^ ni^t anbm ju 9Siit^ uacr ba n bod 
SoeMlit^ ivKbci nbOdttf aU ob tt Salfam brt etbcnC in bet 
StIfeiAitft eiayfoetn ^be. gnubig unb gejlirb an adtn 
Slitbtnif futiritt tr nun fetneir SBo^nuns {Uf unb ttot in bie 
titnbt ^ittti {nbtm fii!^ bti S49 (u netgen bcgann. SSobalb 
i^n bk abgeje^n Atnbet ecblidttni f^dtn fit ifint tinmAtI}t9 
tnt0fQen: nSSteb, SSotcir rinen BSiffen Scobl ^aft uni binge 
barbtn lafl'tn^' T)<il dbgt^imte iSeib fa^ in eincm SBinlcI 
unb meintei fiki^e nac^ bet jDcntungtan bet Sleintnfit^igen 
boi SSc^mm^r nnb oonutt^r ba| ber Xnttnunling tine 
Routific eitanei anfKmmen wtrbe. St abrr bat i^t feeunbli4 
bie i^nbf t/^ Qjt gtner anf^iben auf bcm ^lieTbe i benn a 
tntg @ti^ ui^ .^t aue Stdt^cnbtrfl im 3nienf)fa<t baoon 
bit 'f^ouimumt tinen fleifen Srd tadjm m\3$U, baf ber e&ffd 
bdcin llanb. 9tad!t)er gab ec Serit^t wn bent euttn Scfblg 
feines @ef^fted. »iDetne Stttenif" ftn:a<^ a, nfinb goi: cetbb 
Iid)e Ceutt j |i( ^ben mit nid)t rarine Htmutlf ooteerMt/ ^oben 
mic^ nid)t utvlannt, obcr ml^ fdjimpflic^ vet bet ZtiOc absM 
wiefenf fonbent mid) fttunbtt^ bttKrbcreb .^ unb ^nb mil 
gttffnet unb fgunbeit baan S^Ier uoTf4u$>i>etft ' auf ben Slftt 
. gtt&tlt" lOa fici bcm guttn ascibt ein fclRMnr Stein com 


Don SflbtjaH] fiaimi. 405 

^ttim, Ux fU lange qfbiAit fyittt. nSSSren ttir/' fagte fi(, 
i,e^ ccr bit n^ ®^mttbt ge^ngnir fo ^ttm ictr unl 
mam^ Xummtc a\-paan tbmtn." ^Atimtf rit^mb fie ifjrc 
j^ieimbfi^ftf iu bn (it ftd) vor^ \o ivents (SuttC txrfelKn 
^ottcr unb t^ xtifL ftolj auf bit nidien JBcttnn. 

iSei !0{ann (ief i^ not^ fa uieltn XMangfaltn gtm bit 
gwub*/ bit ii)rer (SiteOtit fo f^et(l)el^ft war. >Da fie tnbcjfen 
nic^ auf^tr von ben ceii^n HkOem gu fofenr nnb baS sttte 
SCaee fo antritbf UHirbt Sett bee eobpofaunRK bee @eijbiai^ ■ 
fatt unb miibti unb fiptai^ gum IBeibe : ,rate Id) nor bet rec^ 
SSi^miebe max, mift bUr mat mtr bcr SXeffter ®(^itb fftr 
tine weifeSe^ gob?" @{e fjao^-. »iMl(I)t?" uSebetr" fagte 
ec( »fei feiitrt ®IficCeC Slt^mitbf unb man mfilTe baS Siftn 
fdpfebenr ueU'e t)ei9 fti i botum Ia$ unS nun bie 4&nbe titfyctn 
unb unfnm SStntf fleiflg oblitgcnf baf wfr niae bor uni tiin^ 
eenj in btd So^m btn Socfc^ ntbft ben 3infen abjo^n 
ttnnen unb alter ®^iulb quitt nnb lebig fiin." iOitcauf lau^ 
er einen Vctei unb eincn ^ufi^log *, bann witbtt efnen unb no4 
einenr bann tine ganjt ^ufe i tS wm tin Cegen in StAbeja^l'fl 
@tV)t, aU wenn tin ^H^akt baiunttr mkt. SBttt fiete unb 
erntett, mudx fdjon f£tt einen nw^Iijabenben SBann im Eorfe 
^fytitmi nnb fein @edel vennodjte no(^ immer ein fieinei 
SajttM jur SiUKitetune frined Qigent^mG. 3in bcitten 
eSonunet ^atte er f<i»n gu fdnttr ^ufe ' ein .J)errengut gepadjtd i 
boS Sfax reic^n ffiut^ itaifit j lurjr ei dmt ein SXanur bent 
IDUt, xwa a Ujati gu gutem ®lA(Ie gebit^ 

ZXt ^^Iiuisiletnntn fam nun Igerani unb SBeit ^ottc fo oiel 
etfibriget, ba^ er o^ne Sef^nxTbc feint esdwlb abtrogen lonntet 
er legte bai @elb )uced)tt, unb auf ben bejtimniten SEag not 

1 tflggnOt. I atja*a. ' Hils. 


406 itttaata. [£(gtnbc 

a fc&^ onfr twdte bai 9Bn& unb aXU ftine Jt^bcrr ^ fte 
^ niard)«i unb I&mmfli unb tfm SSoimtasUIribti: onjidjeib 
m^ bte nnun Sd^ulK unb bie ({^ariac^cnm fIRifbcT unb finifU 
|{i(^/ bit iit noi% nii^ auf btm itibt geffabt ^tn. ISr [el!i|t 
^Ite fdntn iSotMtif^iixt ■ ^crbri unb rwf jum gtnftn: fiinaofl : 
»^n</ fpann' ani" »9Rann( uai ^ bu cot?" ftagtt bie 
gcaui titi tfl ^itte uwbn S<>a:tag nod) cm .SiT^nxi^fcli^ 
nuj nia<^ bi^ Td eut"! 3Xu^f bof bn unt tin ffio^Oeben 
baeitet ^ftr unb uio gcbenftfl bu tmS f)^ufit^itn ?" Sr onbi 
ttxoletc : »t4 nnU mit cuif) bit ici^ SBtttmt jenftit bcS Ste 
biigeS ^Kiinfudjtn unb btm QlAubifltti btr mir bui:d) fttnen 
!6arfd)u6 wicbcr aufst^Ifm ^tf ®4u(b unb ^infcn bt}a^Itn j 
bemi ^eute t|t bti So^Uag." XUt fltfitt btt S»» Wo^U fit 
pu^tt ft^ unb bit £{nbtr flattlii^ ^ttauBr unb bamit bie rtf^ 
fiietttm tine gute aXrinung van Ofctm iOo^I^nbe bdinun 
unb ^ ifycet niifi r<i)&nttn bftrfteni txttA fit tint SS^nur gtc 
Iriimmttc iDutcittn um ben .^18. Se{t ifittcltc ben f^nwren 
®elbfad iufomnitnr nafim i^ }u ft<^ unb ba Ktlei in Stttit' 
f(i)aft woTi fafi ei auf mit %ta\x unb £inb. .^onC peitftUc bie 
Din; -{Mngfte ani unb fie tnbttn mut^tg iibtr boi SKaiHtSa ' nac^ 
btm Stitrengebirge ju. 

Sitx einem fitilen ^^CnKge lief Seit btn EKoUttKigtn ^fHUa, 
fUtg ab, unb ^ Nn Snbtni tin SKtiditt t^ j bann gtbtd ec 
bem £nti^ : ic&antf fo^ gemaddfam ben jBttg ^on } oben 
6ei ben bvti Einben foKR bu unftc ttocttu) unb ob roit aui^ 
oeijie^en* fo laf bid)'* itidit anft(l)ttn; laf bie ¥fetbe oecs 
fi^auben unb ein|bwilen graftn ) ii^ iDtiS ^itr dntn gufpfabf 
a tfl ttmaS xm, ixij (uftig ju aanbeln." iEJacauf f^Cug er ^ 

' CommunLoii-coiI; use reieivsd Ai Mthdiri uid tolr-dayi. 
' Open plulD. 


ton SAbejatiL] fSLuiaxa. 407 

in ®e(ntr*aft M SBdbrt onb t*r Ainbet nwlbrin butrd) bit^t 
BOTOflc^fenrt ®«6iifd)t unb frwulirte f)in imb ^, bof bif Jtau 
mdnhf t^ SKann tube fid) wnnrb nma^ntt i^n bonim, ju? 
t&tiu&^ien unb bcc eaubfita^ |u fotgen. JBrit abet ^ielt 
))(6eit(^ ftid/ txifaminctn ftint ftd)l Jtinto; lun {ii^ ^ unb 
rebcte otfo: ,iiDu iD&t)n& licbti SBribf baS mii: ju bdnn 
Sccunbfi^ft jie^ } ba^ fteiil jt^ itid)t mtin Sinn. iDeine 
nifyn Btttent fiiib £itattfec unb @<4iic(nv bUf aU id) lotilai^ 
in meinei Xmntf) Zcolt ntib 2afbi# tid i^ncn rud)te( tntt^ 
yifoppt, getiil)iHt unb mit Utbecnutf) von fi<^ dtftofen ^bcn. 
— ^in ooijott bee wiiV JBfttdi ten u>tr nnfera ffiotilfhmb 
oeibontnii ba ma avTt SBrat boS Qhlb getic^ bat in mnner 
'^nb fo no^t gtuMi^ot ^ot Xnf l)eute Ijot n mic^ ^ 
btfd)icbai/ 3ini unb 6qntal I^ nncbcr jn n^tCtn. aSi^ 
t^ nun/iMi a;^ e<^\)at ^i ia ^^ wimfBagci diSibf 
jo^l gcnannti" Hai tSdb tntlic^ fii!^ ^cftig fibtt biefe gtdwf 
fi^lug ein gcoiit fonq on fl^ nnb bit Jtinbcr btbtnt unb gt> 
bobctcn ft4 &nsfili(^ ooi guin^ unb SS^tetbUf bof ttc bn: 
Sdter |tt SUb^^t f%m nmOb. CSii gotten Diet in bm 
Sipinnfbiben tnn i^ gt^trtf bof «; tin r<!^tuf{id)nr SKefe unb 
lEbnfi^ra^xlla; fn. tBtit njSIittt tfmcn fein tarnti ^Ibenttutr. 
mit i^ bR @dft in (StftaU tine« JttI)Ui« oitf fefn 9tuftn eo 
fdjicncn ftii unb omS a mit iS}m wc^nbtlt I^abc in ber ^b^Ui 
pott feint fOtilbt^ti^tit mit biuitbamn <$tr)ni unb fo inni^ 
9IAf)ntne, bofi i^ bit niannm SE^Atttn llbtt bit fi:tunblid)cn< 
lot^brauntn Satten f)t);abtt&uftltnu rrStt^itt)! ^f" ^t)C tc 
fbit/ nit^t ge^' i4 in bit ^^Ii( mtin ®ef(^^ auSjuci^n. 
$ftc^9t{^ 14 nxrbt nidit tangt ouB itinr unb nwnn ii^'i oom 
ScbicgS^fcni niangm lanni fa bring' id) flfn ju m^ SS^nitt 
tu^ ni^ turtm SBo^It^n: tnu^ig bit -^aab }u ft^tlnt Db 


408 fSaiivi. [etgtnbc 

ft sftUt \<ifoari laib ni^ ii i a tls\tt raijKSftt ill itOtmib 
fRUt fM) ftintr guttn Zfyit unb imfttt ConltS geioi^ j ftib nur 
Mmjt, n wtib eud) ffXUat X«pftl unb yfefftrnCtfft auU^n." 
Cb ntin glri^ bas bJineli^t fSSrib vtcl etgcn bit BoQfa^ 
in bit S(lfen1)i^ nnginvnibni Iiottef unb oin^ bit Jtinbtr jams 
incTteii iinb tudntnir ftc^ urn ben Sattr ^[agnrtenr unb ba tt 
fif auf bit @(ite fc^brf^ an btn atoc^atttn {^(l^uiit^ ^ 
anfttmtnUn : f o ri^ er lui) bwj) mtt ScnuU von Hjnai fn bm 
bicEit onuudiftnRi Suf^ unb ottongtc {u bcm ivo^tbctiinntH] 
Selfcn. Si fanb oQt tRtr^eidim b(i ®<gtnb teiAa, bit ti 
fid) uw^l in' j ©tbid^niS ecprlgt ^t ) bit altt f)aIbtij!otbtnt 
Sidit^ an btHn ffiuijel bit Xluft fit^ frffntttf (tanb lux^ nrie 
fit twi bni 3af}itn gtfianben ^attt ) btx^ son tfntr .^tt mar 
(tint Spui mt^ ooc^onben. 9)tit onfu(f)tt avf aUt ffittftf 
fi^ ben Qineans in btn Strg )u bffntn ; tv na^m tintn @tnnj 
tlopftt an btu Stlftni cr foIUtf mtint* a, ftct) auft^un} tr )og 
ben (c^mertn @tlbfad ^maci tUngtltt mit btn twdtn S^oltm 
unb riefr fa laut cr fonntt : ®tif[ bt< Sttbirgt^i nintnt ^inj mat 
btin ifl 1 bod) btr @ttft lit^ fii% nxber ^brtn nwi) ft^n. Xlfo 
mu^t fii^ bet t^lid)e SS<i)aIbneT tntftdlit^ni mit fttnem SStdtl 
wittm uiniuttl)ien. Sobalb i))n bat SBtib unb bit Ainbtr 
von ftmt erbtidttni tilten fie t^ fteubowS tntgegtn j a mas 
mtfmut^ unb ft^ betCinuntrtr bafl ti ftine ^hi^Umg nii^ on 
bit St^brbt oblitftni. tonnttf fefitc fttfe {u ben Citintn auf tintn 
Kaftnrain unb itbedegte, VMt nun |u t^un fet. £)a lont il)m 
fein oltet aBoflt^ tiritbtr ein: ific^ nnU/' fpiai^ a, »bcn 
®tifl bei feinem Stelnamtn ntftn i vxm'i il)n aud) otrbreu^ 
ntog tt mii^ blAuen unb iouftnr vit tt Euft ^atf tntniefleni 
bbrt tt auf bitftn Biuf gemi^ t" er f^ batouf aui ■^eijenfe 
ttafi: iiffOb^ili Kdbtta^tl" SDot an#wQ( fOeib bat 


i}on9!A«ti<)H] tftiMnf. 409 

i(|n ill ft^igcnf raoOtt f^m ben aXunb ju^olttn j er lie| fii^ 
nitfit RMlitcn unb ttiti'i immn &rgn. ^[i^{<^ biAngte fi<}| 
iett bei: jSiis^ Subc an bit aSuttn an> f^ (Angiitis : r,a<^, 
bci r4n)ai:ic CRann t" @etro|t fcoste Eitftf too i 3)oct lauf^t 
et ^nCei: iemm Sounte fienwif unb oOt Xinbrr froc))tn in 
etnen -^ufni gufammnif btUtn vor gun^/ unb r<^ntn iinf 
meTti4 iOet SSatct bliAe ^ unb fo^ 9tii!^i H wax 
SJluft^nSf nur dn Utta Sd^atten ) furgr dtSbeja^ tarn ni^ 
{Um fSoii^^in/ unb dOti fliufen nut umfonji 

iCte Somilienfiirauant Kat nun ben WidttMe avi unb Sotet 
iBeit ging gonj bettilbt nnb fdNvemiAt^ auf bn bnUen binb> 
fiiafe DOT ft^ ^ jCa nI)ob it(^ oom Salte ^ ein fonfteC 
Kaufi^ in bffl Slumnif bie ft^nlen IBirftn neigten Oftt 
SBi])^tf bat ben>e(|lii^ Saub bee Sfpen iitteite, ba« Sroufen 
lom n&^,unb beiSBtnb f(i)toelte bie »elt au«geftte(ttenSefte 
ber ®teineii^nf trieb bhxe« Saub unb StoC^oImen wc fii^ 
^, triufeUe im StBtge Srine StauboMlItn empori an nxlc^ 
(ntigen ®^aufpiel bit JtiiOieir bit nit^ mtffc on MbQO^ 
M»aii ftii btlufti0ten unb nad) ben JBlUtem M^^'H' xwmit 
ba JSirbelnrinb fpieltt. Uatn btm sifintn Coubc nucbc auc^ 
tin Slatt ^ofitc ibtx ben ttBeg genK^j auf tvclt^ bet Heine 
@eifterfe^ Sagb mai^te i bed; menn ei bornoi^ yc^, ^b el 
Ut aStnb auf unb f%t' ei tnetteri baf er'i ni^t erlonein 
tonnte. SDonun »aif ft frinen ^at bamodif ber'l enbtid^ bf 
btOUi vxiCi nun tin fct)inct wnfitt Sogen nutf unb bet 
itononnfi^ Siotet jtbe J^eini^ in feincm ^^l^ gu nuften 
(ifieate, fo bm^t' ifim bet £nabe ben {unb, urn ft<^ rin Ilcinct 
Sob ju Mlienen. XU biefet bai tafanunenseTDOte ^apiei 
auffd)(ugi urn ju feftenf nut e« mitCf fanb et( baf e< bet 
e^ulbbcief xoati b«n et on ben Setgedfl outgefteOt Ijattt, son 


410 fiiwULvi. [eeflenbt Don Mbtja^ 

oten IjtTrin tarifftn, imb nntm itonb gtfifentben : ju Conl 

SBb bol jBrit iniit toaib, ri^'t (^n ttrf ta bn @ctl(r unb 
K rirf mft ftcubigcin (hUjMcn : » ftnit bi4f Utbtt SEBdb, unb 
B/t Jtinbtt aOtfamnitf fnutt nit^i n fyit mt gcfe^ ^ot 
anftni iDant st^&ntr nnfn: gutec SBo^tt^itcrf bcr uM tmft^ 
bar xaafifotbtti lorif, bof iMt ein t^rltci)a: iSann ifL 3c^ 
bin mriner ^ufay quUt tmb bbtgi nnn loft unS mU fro^tm 
^njen ^eimtt^n." Slttni unb Ainbn nKtnten no4 twit 
Ztjcinm bcr gmbc unb bet XXattt, bit fit iDtebn: gu i^rem 
gu^cttKct ytan^tn, unb todl ble gnni gn)f Snlangcn tntg, 
^m Smuibfdiaft ^tbnjnfiii^ um bun^ i^ SSo^lflanb bit 
fBlf^n SBctttm gu btfd)inunf bcnn bee Steridit btS SKannet 
^Ctt i^ Salle gegen Me Xntnifer re^e genuti^: fo roOtoi fie 
^d) btn SJerg ^nab, gelanaten in bei XbenbHunbe in bit 
ZtatfTi^ft, unb ^Uen bci bem nJltnlitiKn SBamt^ ani an« 
mHiftm Snt vac brd So^rtn n>at (inautgtflofen ntotbtn. Sr 
ixxl)te bietntal gang fKi^fi an, tmb feoatt na^ bent Wxt^ 
Qt torn rin unbdonntn: SRonn gum Soifc^einr bet goi; nii^ 
jui 9mmbf(^^ fletiirttf tun biefem nfu^ Sieitr ba| btc 
tei<tcn IBtOtcn auCgewtrt^c^ftct ' ^tten. t>tx ant mat ge^ 
flDibeni ba onbox wirborbent bet brittt banon gegangtnr unb 
i^ &Sm ooTb ni^t me^ gefiinben in bet ©emeine. SMt 
ftbemaiJ^ ntbfl feintr BtoKuKiecngefellf^aft M bem gaftMni 
.^traiwtet^i ber i^ unb feinon SOeibe boi Wei wtitliupigee 
a^tai itfyca Zaffi baiauf in feint >&timat^ unb an ^tint 
Sttuf(9(fd)&fte vaM, nalm gu on Bitit^um unb ®&tnv 
unb Mfeb ein xti^lSiil^, wt^&t^ciUna Warn fein ^ebciOans. 


(1733— laii). 

Nicoi<AJ, the Mend of Lsssma and the profound 
philoBopher Mendslbbohn, tmd of whom yre have 
already made mentioii as the editor wid biographer 
of Beveral of our poets, and conductor of two im- 
portant reviews, was bom March the 18th, 1733, at 
Berlin. In this, his native place, he became doctor 
of philosophy, and followed the trade of bookseller. 
NiCOiAi died on the 8th of January, 1811. His 
" Sebaldiu Jtfothmker," written in imitation of the 
" Vicar of Wakefield," contains good delineations 
of chu-acter, and exposes some of the abuses which 
had crept into the Lutheran Church. He was, be- 
sides, an industrioua pamphleteer, and also wrote 
the results of a tour made by him through Switzer- 

Was bom at Parchim, in Mecklenburg, Sept. lltb, 
1741. In 1776 he became tutor to Prince Pbedb- 
RiCK WniLuic, and, in 1787, director of the Berlin 
theatre. In the year 1798 the king, Fbesebiok 
"WiLLiAH m., appointed Bkoxl a member of the 
Aeademy of Science, accompanying this mark of 
his esteem with a considerable pension, which en- 
abled hirri to dcTote hiB remaining days to the nn- 
disturhed enjoyment of lit^ary purBoita. He died 


412 ffngfl. [JCVIU. 3a^^ 

on the 28th of June, 1802. Eh^el was diatizi- 
guished for hia great imaginatiTe lacultiea. TTia 
writinga aire marked by singuJar correctneea, com- 
bined with a moat pleasing style. He did much 
towards intellectual advances, the promotion of 
good taste, and a love of the fine arts. His pro- 
ductions consist of plays, poetry, novels, and 
several important philosopMcal works. Of the last 
we may especially name "Die Vemunftlehre aus 
platonUehe»I)ial<yen,"}aE "PhilotopAJiirdieWieU," 
and the well-known " FSrttentpiegel." They con- 
vey many deep and reflective observations on men 
and manners. JEIia novel "Lorena Stark" gives a 
beautiful description of the customs of his time. Of 
hia dramatic works, " Der JEdelknabe" (Court Page) 
gained for him great applause. Enoel's writings 
have been republished at Berlin in twelve volumes. 

Die gut^^et^oben. 

Kn tixM Stabt Ubtm dnft brei tiomc^e .f)erT(tii alle iOni 
gleid) fi^^ unb gltt^ tcont Cb fu bet ISnti obti: bem 
Soc^l sbtx iigenb fonjl tiner ®att^ |u tnci grapfot ^<ittntf 
tAa ob aud) bat ett^ out bem SSlute itim cbtm X^nnt in fe 
fiberatganeen aaxt tonn i^ nic^t fagtn. ISemigf li morm 
bloBe ©cftolttn von aKtnfi^ <^ von&t^taff fa^ oitj, 
ant boigitbet} .^cn: von iQ,u6(i),nrie tie XiUjetmina mb 
^nx eoD'^einindvic bie ®cl^imnbfu(^ 

3n ebtn bieftr Stabt bbttn btd voti&gfi^ fmtl^mtt TioiU. 
iDodoi Sfifr iDodov 9Xat{f iDictoi Sinn. iDit bribcn 


2>it <SmJSHtt1)et>tiu] (ttnstl. 413 

Srfltni moKii nii^ dUI mtfy: oli SmpitiltE ober Znjte txm 
■frirtnfagen, unb fiatttn fe^ oitl ju limn i to Sffitrce war rin 
aSann soOn: Ocin|t(i)f> abcir cC fe^Ite an ^aria. iDodraSiiS 
gaU bei bem fA&nni @>cf4ted)t unb bei ben Steb^b<m btr atttn 
Seitrj Doctor aSar! ma#e frin @Ifict hi b« Suflenb unb 
M bttt fSesounbntm Kfl Steuen; 33octot®inn n«r& con b«n 
jtlugen gtbraudit. unb euig )u gu^ { bit anbtm Seiben abrr 
fii^tn in Autfi:>)(n. 

^trc oon @d)laff ftti bur^ ben ERat^ ftintr Sanftn in 
bie .^llnbe beS iDoctor ®&% Dutet &H fanb in frincm 
£ran!en tdift, alt ft^tf gcnwrbene Si^ei bit tt etrfft^enr 
fi^Ceimi^e, bit tt MTb&intni unb Uier^aupt nit^ alB vers 
borbtntf bit tr ^ obtr fpfit I)trau8fd)afftn mtiStc. Sr gctff 
alfo ftif(^ jum Siertt/ Kifftfttr DtEbEinntt, fil^t ab unb aaii 
bur(^ aOc 9&cgc unb Cepungtn ber Stotut. lOotgtnt nafim 
^ttz Don ®<i)Iaffj auf Sitrottnungi tint gutt Vortion StonnQf 
SRittaet fo^ man i^n bti dncm S&pfd^n wQ Samorinbcnmue. 
unb nor Sc^Infenge^ no^m et @rtmor mtt SadSa. ®rin 
gtmi^nlic^e @(Mn{e mar SERanbtlmib^, unb btfonbnd SEiram 
tKM pgtn ^itva. Um bie i)tafamt Su(biln|lnnfl }u befto 
btm/ laq tt iMl)I jugtbedt }n)ifi^ ^umbctteDf uidi auB bem 
Simnttr ju lommen. iwir i^m bei ©tcaft btr Spopteiie onr* 
tottn. — GKn ¥aat ffio^tn wtginsen. fo root oon ban Banjen 
J^trni wn ®<yaff iri4« me^t ouSjufl^n, oB feint ©eelt: 
unb and) bie fttjitBe btt SDoctot ®if mil ben le^ttn SRannas 
ttAnMten gtn {limmeL 

.^etr Don au**» btt nun auft anfina auf feint Gur ju 
benfen, lltS fi* burtft HefeS SBeifpitt aatam, unb ftjte fein 
Betttaittn auf bie fHtttiobe bt* doctors aSatt iDoctor 


414 eagtt [xvm. aa^ 

aSoct bacM* on Idnc admsang («■<« J^anfm ; n ^i^&tUUt 
mx ben Xopf fiber bfe e)cl|n«cf)^cit btt ¥utfc6r unb txtorbiKte 
@t&ibinglmintl. lau aKocgen tau^tt n i^ bit ilber boi 
Xopf in SHo^Kob: IQiuflta mit fpantf^ Knn* trat an Mc 
Stent bti Z^> unb rc^ Sc^nftn mit rincm Sdinitte 
VunqxrnicU an bit 6t(Ke M S^^OfifUUCS. .^ort mi b«m 
eftn nuirb rin Sc^ltut bfttntr aSagtnsSfftni ^ammmtni vnb 
nor Si^Iafenei^ onf^Iana ^ta mm iCluGd) no<!f) tint bait 
^octim S^inO/ nii^ in Sirtractr fonbtcn in SSubftans. Sod 
iagfx ma dm ^ortt QSotrattf ntit 9>ftvbt^aai:en gtfbnpft, unb 
baft Obttbcttt riiw gonj Irii!^ binne ^ii, mit Saunnvalle 
bnnl)nif)t Uuf bicfc Vxt, (faubU £actoi: <Statti mftftc am 
ftinnn Jtmnlnii fo fc^4 «^ i'^ ■<>'>"' "oi^ ^ fSStcam wit 
ein <@«4ulrt tMdwn. 60 ttUMl n>aib bcnn auc^ xcktSi) out 
i^ ? abn tin .|)ecIiiM onf l>«n Sxta : bcnn ber ju ^^^mii^t 
^ttt Don £^i4 ffti pU|U4 in tint Staftrti/ n»nn tr tin gts 
(abcnrt 9i|lDl er^d^ unb fi<6 JUn btm nd^ Suee tint 
Augel buc^ btn Jtopf fi^ — Getne CSiina ^tt* tr nw^ tin? 
ynonuntn: GmUit @aIotti ' tag auf ban ¥ultt aufgtfi^Iagen. 
lOined btibt a3ttA>i(It etnt^iflt, ntonbtt fti^ nam .ficn; Don 
^tntm an btn btmilt^n Su^nsetv btn iDoctoi: Sinn. 
iDoctor ®inn fa^ [ttn bolb^ no tS fe^ltt. £)ie fefbn X^tile, 
foste Ur finb gefd)n)i(^r unb bit @&fte jkbtt gtmif(l)t : ^ax nm 
^mm |at nur immn: etnof^en unb nii^e gtt^ni tr ^ 
gtnifTt £r&ftt bei IRatm ju oitl unb anbtit ju nitn!0 0tfibL 
3i)n fo Quf tinmol ceinigen ju nwUenr bal ^ft bei ftintr 
€Sd)mad]^ itin fibet btn .^uftn wtrftn i unb i^n unmittttbar 
fl&tfen nwlltn/ bag ^it^ bei btr fi^te^n S3ef^fftnt)tit ftintr 

> AplB^of LiMiiis'i(K<Tiil. I. page!4T). 


Hit SubSOletfNbau] ^titai^ AtfnfnS- 416 

e&ftci bai UttKl noil feftcr Hnben. 34 f'^' >i>«^ "I) "■"f 
auf Snbcg juglrid) btbat^t ftuif unb cor KIbtn mu$ tnnn 
£ianltc fid) gdinbc Stivrgang ma<^ ui^ gutt iDt&t ^ottni 
Senrt witb luicl) unb nndi ben ^ifiA^n ^btm i^nn SCoiv 
unb bitf'* btn uecbeiMtn @&ftai i^ geliiiise SXifii^une 
gettn. — 3\m gutf n ®lict mti -^tn mn <|)tinm fdnem Xrjte 
^(gfam i n ^It bit i^ soigef^titbtne Xiidti inad)te fii^ bit 
[f)m nnpfo^nt Sdwgnnsi unb fo Icbt n no4 je&t i nf^t ixxii 
eon alien Xnf&Sen ftcir abcr im ©anjcn bcnn bocl) gcfunb unb 


iDa fielit man (9otte« ISnobel fogtt btt fKUe Slacfibari 
btnn bnmu^ b^ aUrin baB @cbei^n gebtn. — Sorbotgab 
er aud)i fagtt bn witbc; bciui ei gab bcm Sioctac Serpanb 
in't -{timr baf n oon binec (Stiibtung unb Itintr ntuni 
Qnatut f^anCaftcte. — ®o ging bn t^Strrit toiebn an: 
ber Sine bc^uptttti ba| bie IRatm gcunbixcbrrbtr bet Snberri 
baf fte fe^ gut fti 3ener nwOle fie ni{(iU aU leinevr bitfn 
fit Dic^ a(S {Urto ^ben. Vn bit ^tnvtnbung nttinet ®tr 
r(l)id)tii^ne nKRb nid)t geba^lf unb id) fa^ ju fp&b bafi t6 gltiC^ 
uergeblid)t Kirbtit ifb 3Ra()cen gu wafd^ unb Ctuttf bit tinntal 
^oitti genommtnj auf anbcn ©ebanftn ju btingen. 

Sctnctcfi 0ung 

Familiarly known as HxrNBXOH Sttlusb, a name 
ftdopted by himBelf in one of the most eventftil and 
remarkable of autobiographies, was bom Sept. 12th, 
1740, at Florenbui^, Nassau. The son of a tailor, 
and grandson of a humble charcoal-burner, Hxiii- 
BIOH first assisted in his father's trade, became 


416 ^titttiti ^ittfus. [xyin.3af)T^ 

next (the pastor Stollbein haviiig taken a lively 
mterest in Ms education) a village schoolmaater, an 
office wldch, with that of domestic tutor, he aAer- 
wards seven times filled, and tbiice agidn exchanged 
with hia old trade of tailor. At one time he is com- 
pelled to engage in agricidtural laboura, which ill 
accord with his weak and slight-built frame, at an- 
other he is found profeaaor of land-surveTiiig and the 
Belf-taught oi^anist of a parish church. In 1760, 
StuiLihg was appointed manager of some mines at 
Lahnborg, with a aaiaij of 800 guilders ; and after- 
wards forge-master with a patron named SPAinxB, 
who warmly interested himself in his welfare. En- 
tering here with ardour now upon the study of 
Greek, now of Medicine, of which latter science he 
receives a strong and irresistible conviction that it is 
to be his vocation, he ia furnished with means for its 
prosecution in the univendty of Strassburg. On com- 
mencing practice, he obtained distinguished fiune as 
an oculist by his successfiil operations on the cata- 
ract, of which method of cure he claims the discovery. 
At a later period we find him holding a professor's 
chair at Strassburg, and enjoying the respect and 
eeteem of professors and students. He died on the 
23rd of March, 1817, at Ksrlamhe. The " Jvgend-, 
JSfiglmg^ahre, Wamdergchafi tmd AUer (Old Age) 
von Meifiirieh StiUutg" have an impress of truth and 
nature which are a model for all biographers. Ihey 
convey the simple record of a life qf faith, of feith 


^einrid) Stitline.] latontafnt. 417 

never damped or discouraged, and tteir popularity 
probably stands unrivalled in that elites of composi- 
tion. He wrote, besides, many novels, of which we 
may mention "Theobald," "Serr von Morffenthau," 
"Dm Heimimh" (Home-Bickaess), and several 
medic^ taii minerakigical treatises. 

9uguat ^tintitt} Julius Hafontame 


The son of the artist of that name, was bom on the 
10th of Oct., 1759, at Braunschweig. He studied 
theology, and became the military chaplain at 
Halle, where he died April 20th, 1831. Hia works 
were in his day much read, and, but for their volu- 
minous nature, would be so still, by reason of their 
natural and pleasing style. Latontaiiie's "SiWen- 
gemdlde" (lately translated in a condensed form 
into English, under the title of " Family Pictures ") 
is a description of the life of a country vicar, far 
more worthy to be compared with Goldsmith'g 
work than that already mentioned of Nicolai. 
His novels probably exceed in number sisty volnmes. 
Of these some of the best are" -Bwifo^A con Weiden- 
herg" " Die heiden Srdute," and " Der Sonderling" 
(The Eccentric). 

dPtietiticl} Olittiiffan 2^f(t)tlm Satotis 

Was bom at Gotha, on the 6th of October, 1764. 
In 1784 he entered the TJniverBity of Jena, and, 
TOL. II. E e 


418 Aac^btt. [XIX. 3a«t^bnt 

in 1810, was appointed chief librarisji and president 
of the ducal numlBmatic cabinets in hia natire town. 
He died in I34i6. Jacobs holds high rank as a 
novelist and tale-writer, and ia also laTour&bly 
known as a phUologist and translator. The novela 
"Jfowt itnd Thsodor" and " Motalient NachUut" 
(Bequest), with his "Schttle fiir Frauen" (School 
for Ladies), are poetically designed, and written in 
mild and classical language. The whole of his works 
are of a highly moral tendency, and have proved 
very acceptable in particular to the fair sex. 

Was bom at Tecklenburg, 1768 ; and, since 1S24, 
has been preacher at Bremen. The writings of this 
eminent divine have been regm^ed, as well as those 
of his brother', with especial &vouf in England. 
His tales for the young and poetically-conceived 
"Poraie&i" are conveyed in language remarkably 
simple and attractive, and have been often translated. 
The sacred songs, in the collection " IhsthSchlein" 
are natural and hearty outpourings of a pions and 
unaffected mind. 

Of the " Leben dea heiligen Johamnes" and " Cor- 
nelius der Centurion," there axe good English trana- 
latious by Perguson. 

1 F. W. KinifHACBiit, putoT of ElbeifleU, In PtuhIs. Aulhor of 
"SJUidfT-T-Aliilffr'-lBILjah UifTlihbita). "ffiin" (Ella), "/(rxTi 
Wiaiirtijifni," and nun; Eicellenl noiki oT* like chmctet. 


Eic @d)if(^] 

Eie ©rfjafc^en. 

V^ wot tin fKOtr ^rittrtr eommerabcnb. Dit SKnttn T^i^ 
in €}(i)IafUmmedriii lubcn ia SBitge be« ^olUn ®iiugltnga 
unb rang i^n in btn ®d)Iummn:. 

£a font bie finmXtcIf^eibt mit fba^Itnbm ]Cugtn au« tan 
®arten in bic Jtommer. C licbc SSuttn, tief fie, Isyaim, 
bniu^ ift Diet Sd^eC )n fefxn 1 

9tm, mai ifE ei bcnn ? ^ogtt bit aSatttr. 

Df ttfoai fc^ Sdftneg I citDieNrte bit AKint/ abn bu muft 
lomfflen unb fe^oi ! — 

Zai talSftt id) n»^I gemcr antnwitete freunblid) bit SSutteri 
flbre (if^f! ba« (Btibercljen mug ft^Iafni. — 2)o twrftfite baS 
asi^Uin bilt<nb: Sitbc fRuttttf nimm bu bat SrObtrdjen 
mit tiinauS/ bof e< mxit fe^c anb fi(% ^eue. 

iDa s^c()'c bit 3Xuttn in i^em .^erjen bei tinbUd}en &{n= 
fattr bit bte ®utnt nidit olUin ficli ftcutn mogr fonbrni iebe 
Si:tubc ju t^eiltn bcgt^ 0/ fogtt |t( iKiniIid)i nm^ ift btint 
Stele btm >&inunelrei(^ no^j nric ttnntt tt^ I&ngn: mid; 

^ QSntlti ftonb auf-unb bliCCtt in bit Sitsel iDai 
JCn&bltin fdjlummertt tu^ unb fcft SDatauf na^m fit bie 
■C>anb bel ^tUpfcnbtn ^&b^l ttnb finadf) : 3tun fnQ t« mi4 
nnmbnnj tnai bu mir benn &iikati jti^n nirfl 

XU fie mm t)inauB in btn @arten tamm, ba ^b bit JUeine 
i^ ■|iilnbi!ti"i S^n '^mtl unb litf : Wun fie^ eimnali 9KAtttis 
iien, bit ®$if d)m am ^immtl I Sint ganjt .^lettbc I nidit 
mo^/ loie fd)Jn unb mit tieb ! 

[.3,1. :i-,C(K>tjl>J 

420 SSnunnuflprr. [pit 9t>»6n>fe. 

Ql BMrcn abft jortt ffioCItttflM^&i gtftaltet vnt ilanmar, 
bic auf gnbcm Kngn gifmif nx^ unb triujlui) gcHIbttf unb 
ft eUnittn int Strati M fdj&nnt ooIUn SKonbei. 

Unb bit aKirttn btC JtinUt nt)ob i^ anHtf unb bttca^ete 
bu SSiHi^ mft nx^mfltfrigtr ^Jnubc Xknn iu gtbat^t bcc 
(fnblit^n Unf^uUf bit bai Srbiti^ mit ^immlifi:^ @c^5n^eit 
bcBetbet unb bU JUuft nic^ a^netf twUt)e ben .^iinnKC Don bet 
Orbe trmnt So fa^ Xbel^ in ben ni[!d)cn Hi {itmmeU 
bit e&mnut bet Qibt. 

Or uw^l bic I baijtt bit aXuttti unb bc&ttt bat S)6eblnn 
imi^ fStufL 

iBtr Qnfltt, bee bic Slumen ueqifltgt unb in f&kr 9ta<^ 
ben S^u barouf UiuftUt fi^umnuctt an eintm S^'uigStagt 
ira SSc^otttn tineS 9Ioftnilcaud)«. 

Unb aU tc cnm^ttf ba fpraib a mit fieunblii^m XntUQ ! 
OtWiifiti ntinec JCinbttf i:^ bantt bit f&: beinni erquidtnbtn 
ffio^Igtni^ unb fik beine E&^ltnbtn S!<^tten. ^innttft bn 
bic no$ ttmat trbittenr mie getn miaV iif t< bit ^ao&^n 1 

@o fdimflitt mi^ mit tinem ntuen Sleijt — fle^t boiauf 
bet @eift be< Stofenffaraudjg. — Unb b<c Sllumenengel fdimfiAt 
bit Jt&nigin bet Slumtn mil cinfai^m ^Koofe. 

fiiebBi^ ftanb fit ba in txfc^benem Sc^udC, bie Stooic 
toftf bie fc^tte i^ llt<d)te[^B. 

■ • • • 

^Cbe ^nai lag btn ^itttrpu^ unb bad flimtnetnbt ®t^( 
unb folgt bem SSinIt btc miitteilidjtn natuc. 


XIX. 3n^^] Xtntmma^tr. 421 

^W Sort ben fiXitfiitn in frin ^larabiti rinfi^i ba nriartra 
ft^ vol it|m bti ^labiefee iSiunu i icbrtr bat mit UK^nbtm 
SSi))ft[ tttn Steblingc ®otue fdjK Snid)te bat, unb frinor 
^uxiec @c^tttn gtn: Scqutdane. ȣ), bo^ cr tmHj enoi^ I" 
^ac^ ter ^almboum, „iSf ntoUte i^n Fpetfen mit ben Sraubnt 
mdner Scufb nnb mit bnn Sktne mdntC Saftrt i^n ftftnttn. 
Son meintn SI&Heni mSttt i^ i^m cine fritUuiK .^fitte bauttt 
unb fibeifi:^tt«n i^n mit meinen Sweigen." — irSXit meinni 
SBIit^n wetBe i^ Hii befttnimi" fptod) ber Xpfelbaum, 
^/laben bu^ mil meintn betlen Stfi^n." 

6« oOe SBSnme be« ^aiabit^ -, unb Sf^oBa^ f%te Xbom 
fteunbCic^ ^in ju ilincnr nannte i^m bie Stamen ann. unb en 
laubte i^m ben @enu$ Don aOenr ou^er @iner %c\iiit iwm 
Saume ber Sttenntmli. 

rrSin SBaum bet ectenntnig?" ffiratt) bet 9t(nf<6 in ft4 
fflOte anbern aUunie geben mit nur trbifi:^ 9ta^ng/ unb 
biefet Saumr btr mrinen Seift et^bt, ber bit jttiftt mcinet 
^tmiOjti ff&rftf ei »Ste mit oerboten ?" 9tiH^ unterbcddte 
tr ben Stbitntcn guar ) alt abet bae S3etf;picl unb bte SStimme 
ber ajerffi^nne )« il|m fptiK^ ba bfletc er von ber btfni 
Sniditf beten 0aft no4 \t%t tn unferm <^en g%tt — 

Vati fdlitcn ivir gtrtngi xaoS unt verginnt ifb unb fe^nen 
nnt nad) bem Bttbotenen i mit woUen nid)t gUtdlit^ fcin burd) 
botf wal B>ir f<]|on ^b s mt Ijalt^ mc^ Otnub bat iiber 
nn( iftf (w4 fiber unfmn JJMife. 


122 lEtniiniiiatiin', [9>ava6<(n : 

xiiii txi XUmAi^tigt btn aStnfi^ tcfc^lTtn woQttf tKcfaniE 
nuttt fit lat^fi^ladtnb bit obccftni (tngtl tun fi(^ 

freTfdtafft tfyn ni^tl" fo fpiacl) bn engcl bei Stct^tigs 
leit : i,a tobA nnbOltg gtgtn feint fBvtHxt friib unb ^oit onb 
gcanfom scgcn bea S^nvil^mi tMnbeCn." 

hCT iviiA bit 9ibt bAngcn mit SKinft^nblnt j b« Srftgfbome 
ftinrt ®ffcy«iM ""itb |Wntn Srubnr morbtn." 

»2Mn ^nUst^um nrirb a mit CAgtn tntnwi^n/' ^a<l! btc 
Oneel bet ffia^r^tit, »snb nb Sa i^tn £tin SSObnii fcOrlb 
bre SEruK ©iegtli auf r«n KnUfj priattft" 

9tod) f))ra(^n |ttr oU bit Saim^Eciiglettr bti timgtn 
iBatecS jangfMf (itbfltl JCinbi ju SScinim S^ne »at, mib 
Stint Anitt timfa{ite. f.Sitb' t^n/' fprad) fitr nSSattt, ju 
XKinem Silbe fttbfl, einm Wtbling iDrintt ©to. SBenn oHt 
£)tint 2>untt i^n Mclaffeiif tmll ic^ i^n fui^n ttnb tl)m litbtnb 
biijte^nf unb ftint gc^ln ftlbft )uni ©uttn Itnfen. XM 
SSc^nxui^ -fHTi ivtn i^ nitlttbig nta^tn unb jum Scbotnun 
gtgcn Si^ni&^tn nciem. SStnn tc wm gncbtn unb btc 
KBo^t^ Emtf nicnn n Strtc^tiettit unb SiKiQltit bclnbtgtf 
fc foHtn feineS 3n:t^ntt Solgtn Ct[b)l luiEid i^n f%:tn unb 
mit eitbt btfftcn." 

tm SSoto; btr 9)ltnfd)tn bilbttt bm aXenfi^n : Qin U^tbax 
fifenia^tC @^ijipfi <i^ in SttlUin ftlb|t tin ^5gUns ®ttntT 
€Uttf @o^ btr Sotm^ialtitf 00^ bet £icbtr bit nimmtr 
it)n Dtrl&^i i^n immti: btfTtrnb. 

Srinnece bu^ btinti UrfpcungCf fDtnifi^f nxnn bu ^tt unb 


nSiab b. SBorm^iehit"] €*mjft. 423 

unbitltd bill Sen adtn ®i)tteft=etgtnfc^ften^SBonn^trs 
iifl((it iurn txita bid) moiljlt} unb fctail) tticfrtt Mr et= 
bQEmnn g nut unb £Ubf bit mdUalxiit aScuft 

0oacl)im ^rtntidi tSamiir 

Was bom in 1746, at Deenaen, in Brunswick. He 
wBe army-cliaplaui at Potsdam, and died on tbe 
22ndof October, 1818. He is not less known as a 
pbiloBopber and a granuumau tban by his writ- 
ings for the young, yet it is tbese last which have 
most rendered bis name illustrious. They have 
given him, indeed, a lasting claim upon the grati- 
tude of the youth of Germany, Under the guise 
of an entertaining narratiTe, he &miliarizes them 
with the wonders of the animaj, vegetable, and 
mineral kingdoms, and this in a style the moat 
natural tmi chwTning, The "Suidec&un^ von 
America" (Discovery of America), " ReUeheachrei- 
hun^" " Theophron" " Babinaon der j'Un^ere," 
(translated in numerous languages), and bis " £Mt- 
derbtbUothei," or Juvenile Library, are all of this 
class. Camps was an acute philologist, tmd wrot« 
a valuable dictionary of the German language. 

Bit ^tian tStimm 

Are authors of the inimitable " Kinder- und Hau*- 
mShrchen," a collection of fire-side t^es for the 
young, more entirely adapted to their comprehen- 


121 J. stttt W. erfmtn. [XIX. 3a^. 

sion, and more faJlj appreciated bj them, than any 
in the language. Jacob LTn>wT(} K. G-bimu was 
bom at Hanan, Januwy 4th, 1785; he waa first 
FrofeBBor of Fhiloaophy and Literature at the 
Umversity of Qottingen, and noT at Berlin. His 
brother "Wilhblm was bom in the same town, 
Pebmary 24th, 1786, and is living also in Berlin. 
He hae filled tiie office of librarian to the Crottingen 
TTnivereity. Both brothers haTe attained a high 
position as grammarians and critics, and as in- 
duBtriooB commentators on early Gorman literature. 

tiet Sffiolf unb bet 5Wenf^. 
jjpci: Sud^ RiA^fte einmal betn SBoIf von bet @t&r(e bH 
HXenfi^nf ftin S£^in thuite i^m aibecfte^f unb fie mA^ten 
aft gtbran^n^ ttm fl^ tw i^ gu ettwICeit. iDa antncttete 
bet XSotf : f.Sffienn ic^ nut einnial etnen ju fefien befitner H^ 
miOtt bed) auf itin loige^'' »lDaiii !ann i(^ bit tKCftt)/^ 
fptad; bet ^d)i> fftomm nur motgen fr^ ju miti fo n>DI ii^ 
bit (iiien jeigcn." 3)er SBoIf fteUte fic^ fttt^ifitifl ein, unb bet 
gud^ gung mit t^m an ben IBegf nw bet 3&9n aUe SUi^t ^tts 
lam. ^uetjl tarn ein atteti abgebanltet 0olbat wSfi bal ein 
anenff^?" ftagte bet SSSolf. wSein/' ontoortete ber guitiS, 
vbaJ i^ einer gtwefen." jDamac^ (am ein Brinet Stnaii, bet 
iut e^ult uonte. nUft bat efn SXenfdi?" »9le{nf bog leiU 
eift einet nxtben." iSnbUt)) fcim bet Siget, bie SDoppelpintf 
auf bem Mden unb ben .^iiifi^fingtt an bee Seite. Sptai^ 
bet Sui^ gum asolf : »®iel}fl buj bott bmmt ein SXenfcI), auf 
btn mupt bu loSge^ ic^ abet uia mi<^ fctt in meine ^h^U 


^aat itn <StCa.'] 3i. ttntt 861. ^timm. 425 

tnai^n." JDer ffiolf flieng nun auf ben HRenrt^n tot i bn 
3%tf aU a fS)n ttUidtt, fpiadb: „<Si ifl @iiabt, baf id) 
Irinc Augcl gclaben ^btf" bete an unb fi^ ban SBoIf bat 
&^at ins ®r|i{t)t £>»: Self wrjoe baJ @tffd)t gmuttfe, 
boc^ lief n fii^ nittt fd)TC(ltn imb gieng mno&ttlr ba gab {^ 
bn 3dgei bic jioeite Sabung. X)etr iCBoIf orrUtl ben &i)mtti 
unb T^cttt btm 3igeir b«^ )u Ceibtf ba ]os bitftr fdntn >£)itfi% 
f&nger unb gab i^ linH unb Kt))t8 tin pooc ^bCf baf et 
Aber unb dbei I^utnib unb ^lenb }u bem %uifi juditRief. 
„ Kum iBntber ffiolfi" fprudi bet gu**/ »wCe bi(l bu wit bem 
SBenfclitn fertig gerootbtn?"— «Itd|/" anttnottttt bet ffioCf, 
(ife ^b id) mit bit Qtixh bti SKenfi^n nid)t MtstfteOt ^ eift 
no^m et einen Stoct i»n bet ®ct;ultet unb bliel ^ineinr ba flog 
nir ctn»e infi ®ifi^i bac ^at mid) ganj entfe^ getifelt, 
bamad) pufttte et nod) cinmal in ben &toit, ba pog mlct urn 
bie9Iafef nrtt S3lt9 unb'&aaelnettetr unb nie id) gang na^ wati 
ba )og et eine blonfe g&ppt aui bem Mb, bamit ^t ex fo auf 
mid) Io<9ef4(asenr baf id) beina^ tobt nite Ifegen gebUeben." 
»Si(^ bv fptac^ bet gu<^i hImj bu ffir ein ^a^I^ni bi^ 
bu mtrfft bai SSeil fo nKib baf bui nic^ toiebet ^olen tannft" 

|)an8 fm (Slud. 

||^an« ^e fieben 3a^ bti feintm .^eint eeUentf ba fptai) 
a ju i^m: n^ai, meine 3eit fft tienmir nun nwlttt Hi gem 
mjebet ^tint gn meiner Stutttti Qtbt mir mtinen ia^a." i&et 
4m! anbwtttte : ȣu ^ft mir ben unb e^tlii^ gebientf toie 
bet !Di(nff fo foQ ber Go^n fein/' unb gab i^ efn 0titct ScOtr 
ba£ fo gmS alt ^nfenB £of)f not. '&an6 jog frin SiU)(etn« 
uiitteUe ben £lum))en ^ineini feQte i^n auf bie ®c^Itet, unb 


426 3. ntilr to. (£r(tnm. [JMnbo: u. .&<mlm%(^: 

ina^tt fid) auf ben aSeg nod) ^aiM. SSit n fo batitn gime 
nob trnmo: dn SSefn oor bag anbnt \t%tt, Earn itim efn Stritcr 
in bte Vugn, ber frifc^ unb fi:6^1ti^ auf dnem munttrn ^ftrbt 
voibei tniUe. frXV ^<i<^ -fKuX ea<^ lanr umat i^ boS 
Stdtcn tin r^intf XHng 1 ba fi^ tixm ait auf tintni 6tn^ 
^tft ltd) an teintn Sttini Tliatt bit €5d)u^j unb fomnit fwti « 
wrif ni(^ vu." iDn Sbiur, bn bai gt^itt fyOttr ricf i^m 
in: nSii ^ani, aatam lauffi bu oud) )u gup J" HlUii ba 
niuS i<^ btn Xlumptn l)dmtcag«ii et ifl jnac ISoIbf abcr id) 
tann ben Xo])f babri ni^ gerob ^tttnf and) btM miii auf 
bte e^utter." »aBei$t ba roai^ fagU b<i Sieitei unb ^ 
OQf nmir iccllen taufC^: f^ gebe bb mefn ¥f(t^r nnb bu 
gibfi mfr btfnen Xlumpen," iiSon-^ei^en Betnf"f|)ra(6'tK>i>'' 
wabn id) fage eud)f i^ mJi$t eui^ bomit ^^lefuptn." Set 
Sieita ftieg ab, no^m boB ©olb, unb t)alf bem .^anS f)tnauf, 
flob i^ bie Sftgel fefl in b{e ^&nbe, unb fptad) : » IBenn'tf 
nun R(^ gefi^nb |ba gt^enr fo niuft bu mit ber ^unge 
ft^a^en unb ^w« ^p rafen." 

■^one UMT fttlenfrof)! ait ei auf bem ^erb faf unb fo ftanC 
unb fed ba^ ritt Ueber ein aSeildicn |IeU i^ dn* e« foSte 
mil \6fatVa gt^ unb tr fieng an mit ber Sungt ju f(^(}en 
nnb ^ppr ^pp {u mfen. £a< ^}fdrb fttfe fii^ in (tarfen &abr 
nnb c^ fi4< -^nC wcfa^f war er abgenwrfm unb log in einem 
€>rabeitf ber bic Kedtr Don bee eanbftni^ trennte. <Da6 ^ftcb 
teit an4 buic^gangenf oeiut efl ntd)t ein Stauer aufge^olttn 
bitti, ber bet fffiege« tam unb eine £u^ tjoc fii!^ trieb. .^anl 
fud)te feine @lteber tufammen unb nia^ fid) urieba: auf bit ' 
iStine. 9c u»ac aber Mrbdtflid)( unb fpra^ )u bem SSouet : 
1/ (£< ift ein fc^c^tr SSpaPi bat ESeitenr jumol tDemi man auf 


nJbaia im ®f&±ii] J. untt US. HMmm. 427 

fo eint fOli^ ger&t^ ivie bUTCf bie ft6^ unb eintn ^abtmrfti 
bag man ben ^aU Ivn^n !ann ) tdi firfet mtd) nun unb nfmo 
Tonmt^ nM)tt auf. £u lob i4 ttiir nm Jtu^ ba lann dnoc 
mit ®onicMid)Wt (lintre ^ gt^, unb fjat obcnbmn ffint 
atft^i Sluttti anb ASf t'ben £ag gtroifi. Sat a&b ii% bnroif 
nxnn id) fo cine Xu^ ^tte!" uKun/' fi^tac^ btr fBaueCf 
ri tt^i^tit mi) fo tin grofti Sefanoir fo n>t(I idf| tu4 »a^ bit 
Au^ fftc bai ^)fnb oertaufdien." ^anS nriUfgtt mit taufenb 
Steuben ein : ber eouer fcfemong fid) aufs ^i^bi unb ritt ritig 

^n< trteb fetne JCu^ ru^fg vet ^df ^t unb bebacfite ben 
glAAidfcn fanbeL n^i id) nm tin &&t IBttbt unb baran 
wilt mice bo^ n{d)t fe^Ien* fo tann itib ^ oft ntirl beliebt, 
Sutter nnb JUife baju effm i f)ab ii^ iDurftt fo melle id) meine 
Au^ unb trtn(e <Ot{l#. .^eriiimS veclangftbu met)r?" Kit 
a jU tineni ffiud1)tt)au« tanif mad)te et ■^alt, af in ber grofira 
SmibealMinMS er bei fid) potter feinaKittaa&> unb Xbenbbrob 
rein auf> unb lief fid) fAr feine (efiten poot '^Kec eln I^oIbeS 
etaS aSier einfd)enten. 2)ann trieb er fetne £u^ nteitetf immer 
nac^ bent Sotfe felner tOtutter ju. JDfe |ii^ toutbe abcr 
bi^ctenbcrf je n&tiet ber SXfttog totni unb ^axit bcfanb ft^ in 
einer ^ibtr bie wo^ no^ fine eitunbe bauerte. X>a OKurb el 
i^ son} t)eigi |o ba(i il)m oor iDurfl bie 3uB0e am @anmcn 
Sebte. „10an !Dine {{I atfu^Ifen/' bad)te {Kuilr »ie^ wiU 
f(^ meine Xu^ meHenr unb mi^ on bet WtSi) laben." Sr 
bonb fie on einen b&ren Sanmf unb fbOte ftine e^ccmftte 
itntnj aberr fo fet)r er |ld^ aud) abmit^ter eC lam fetn /tofftn 
WUi jum Snrfi^rin. fficiC ei fic^ abet uneefd)UEt babei am 
fkate, fo gab i^ boS uneebulbige X^tei enblU^ mit eintm ber 


428 3. nidr SH. dE^rCtnm. [Aintmsu. ^auim&l)r(I)«i: 

.^fntn^ rincti foldsn ®(i)Iag nor ben JCopfi baf <t ju Sobtn 
toumelttf unb tint ^riflonfl fid) g^ i»4* btfinntn bnntt, mo 
tr war. @UiEfli<ii)m»ift lam gerabe efn fSU^t btS SSkg/ttt 
bCT auf rintm SdjuHantn rin iungefl Bdjiwin fegfn ^Ife. 
„ 8Ba6 linb iai fQr Streiiiie !" rwf ti, anb ^If b«m atnwn 
^ant auf. ^nfi njifeltt iroi ooratfaHtn nwt, ZW: 2R(8eei: 
Ridite itim bit SM^ unb fjtiai^: nDa trintC einntalfUnb 
nr^olt «i4 1 X<ie Sta^ tnill nw^l !eiiK 9KiIci) geben ? 2)a« iff 
cin atte« SEliin ! ba6 ^M)fbnj noc^ }utn ^djtn tauot cbn turn 
@^Iad)tfn.'' » Si, ei/' rpra<^ ^nS, unb flncf) (uf) bit ^an 
fibn: bm Kopf, » iwr tjitte bag gtbo^ ? 68 ift frrili* flut/ 
ttjtnn man fo etn Z^in mi J^aS aHifaiiUa laaa, xocA gibti 
ffir gitird) 1 abet i^ mat^ ntir auS ban Au^fkifdf) nfc^ oitb 
H ifl mic nid;! fafttg genug. SOf ntct fo etn iungct ®if|iwin 
l^el ba£ fdpedt anbnff bab<i nod) bit JESOrpi." »'&iit( 
.fKmS!" fpcai^ ba btr 3li(ft^i titait jn Siebc mill id) 
toufdienf unb mill tud) bag Sdimetn fdc bie £u^ lofen." 
n ®att lo^ eu4 eun ^cunbfd)aftr" fprai^ ^ani, fibagab i^ 
bit £ul)f unii (it^ fid) bat ®i^UKin<^n mm Xamn lognuu^ 
unb ben Stiridi notan ti gcbunben moiv in bit .^nb aeben. 

.^onfi gog mitec nnb'iibti^i^i nrie it)m boc^ atUt no^ 
fflunfi^ gicngci beetgnttc i^m jo eine Sn;trn(fltd)(rit> fo niibrbt 
fie bCH^ gleid) nnebti gut gemad)! & gefttttt fitft bomiu^ rin 
Surfd) JU il}nif bet tcug tint fdiint nKijie ®anS unter btm 
Snn. ®it boten tinonbec bit Seitr unb .^ng fieng an> i^ 
wn ftinem @IUid ju trjiUjttnf unb mit tt immer fo iMrt^etl^ft 
setaufdff 6&tte. tSn !iBurf<^ fagtti bag etr bit @tant ju eintm 
JtinWauffi^au* brinflt, » .&tbt einmal/" fu^ir tr fort* unb 
padte fte M ben S%t[nr f.nrit |ie fd)nKr (ft. fie ijt abei au(^ 


H^anS im Slud"] J. nntt OB. ifitfmm. 429 

ac^ !So^n lane scnubtU norixn. SBn in btn ScaUn b<ift, 
muS fidi baS grtt wn betbtti ©riten abioifi^n." «3ai" 
fprai!^ ^ne« unb nwg lie mtt btc eiiun ^nbj » bie fyit ifgi 
®timi^, abet metn ^Hirnm iff aiK% fciiw Sou." SnbelTen 
fa^ fi(f) ber iBurf^ nait OOta 0ettm bebentlid) um> Tt^'If 
audi) UM^l ntit bent £opf. ir'&hrtf" fieng er barauf an/ »ntit 
enrtm SSdNvein magi iri^ ganj tiditis ftin. 3n bem X)orftr 
butd) bat 11$ gebtnmtn biiii tft eben bem @(f)ulj(n <inE aul 
bem ®taU gefb^Ien tnocben. Sii fbci^,idi fOn^Kf il^c l)<ibie 
ba in ber |ianb ; H mSte tin fc^Iimma ^nbdi iwim fie eu(^ 
bamit junsHu baS eninafte i|tf baf i^ im fmfUrc Eodi gefleA 
nMtbet" £em gutni ^nS tturb bang. iiTUt) Qiott/' ^prad) 
a, „^m mil aaS bn 9)ot^l t^ tmft ^ ^mim be^ern !Be= 
f(^bi ne^t mein SdNoein bar unb lagt mii; eure ®an8." 
fiSii) muB fct]on etn»t aufS @piel fe^rti" antnwrtttc bee 
ISurfd), „aber 0} titiU bo^ ni^ €Sd)uIb ^na, bag ilic inS 
UnglficF gnat^t" iSc na^m aCfo baS 0eil in bie ^nbj unb 
trieb bag ©djnjein fii)n(U auf euiem Seifenrotg fort j bet gute 
■^aR6 abet ^ngi feinrt @otgen enthbigti mit ber (Sani unter 
ban Xtme fetnet .^cimat ju. i,aBtnn i(i)S tt^ Abeiltgef" 
fptad) et mit fi* frtb|t .lijobe id) nocl) UJort^ b«t bnn 
Xaufdij er|Bii$ bra guttn latent iKtnad) bie 3R(nge son 
gett, bie ^etauSiriufeln luirb, bo« gibt ®4nfefett6tot auf rin 
SSiettelia^tj unb cnbU^ bie fc^en neifen Sebnnj bie laf id) 
mit in mein fioiiftiffen fbpfen unb batauf win id) we^l un= 
genie^ einfd)Iaftn. aSai mitb tneine 3Kuttn; eine gteubt 
l)aben ! " 
UU et but^ bat Ittte £ctf getommnt loatr fhmb ba tin 


430 3. onto OS. ffirfmm. [Jtii^n^ u. ^utoi%(^ : 

SSc^nmifd^ftr ntit fnnctn Statttn, unb fang )u frinn fc^uns 
enben MrWt: 

II 3(1) fdilnft bie ®4<eT«r unb bie^ stfdiRiinbf 
unb (&nge mein 3)tinttl^n noi^ bem asinb." 

^caa blieb 1bf)tiv unb fo^ i|)m ju j rablic^ xttttt cr ilgn on 
tuib fpnid^ : „ 6ud) ge^U wofilf mtCI i^ fo (ufti^ btt turem 
©tflleiffn (eib." »3a/' annvortett bet ®ai«wnfd)ltif(r. „ba« 
^anbiverl tut ttncn golbtnen SSoben. Sin rtt^n @(^Cdfei i|t 
dn Stoniv betr fo oft ec in bit Saf^ fl^i oudj @tlb barin 
flnbet. Kbn nwlwbt if)rbt(fct)im@anea(![iuft?" »3)k 
^ab fd) nid)t gttauftr fonbnn fAc mein Sdmein eingetaufdit." 
ff Unb baS ^dinwinl" »£a£ Ijab i^ f Qc tine Jtut) gdricet" 
HUnbbte Jtu^?" ffiDic ^b tcl| fiii; ein ^ferb bcbmnHn." 
riUnb baB ^ferb?" nSaffic ^abe id) einen JCtumpcn @oIbf 
fo gtofi aU mein Jtopf gceeben." »Unb bai Qtalb?" f>Sit 
bae wat mein go^n fiii ficben 3a^re IMenft." i(3^r ^abt 
eu4 jeberjeit ju feelfen aciouft^' fpiflift bet ©c^Ieifer, „Bnnt 
i^ nun bat)in bTtngtni baf t^T baB @t(Ib in bet 3afd)e 
finrinsen ^Jrti nwnn il|t aaf^^i fo ^abt i^s tun Olfitf gt 
raac^t." »SBiefDtIid)b<i< onfangen?" fprat^^anS. (i3f)t 
mdft ein Si^leifet wetbtni mt td^t boju gttibrt ttgentUd) 
ntd)t8, hB (in ffikjltain/ baS anbet* pnbet fi* fdjon oon frtbll 
XJa ^ab id; eincni btc ifl (in ntnig fdiab^aftf bafur folU ii)v mit 
aire audinxitet ni^tBf al8 eute @ana gcbeni noOt i^t bat?" 
wSBHe (innt il|t no* ftagen^' antawttete ^n«( ,i\i) werbe ja 
{um gluitlidifltn Stenfdien auf @tben ; ^abe id) @elbr fa oft 
i<^ in bie Zafift gtti^ti was btaut^ u^ ba )u foigen?" unb 


"^nt im @I&L"] 3i. nnlr OS. (Crimtn. ISl 

teiilMt <!))>> bit @an« ^in. »9tun," fpracfa bcr SH^Ietfre nnb 
^6 (inen ansA^nlit^n ^dimtttn ^dbfteini bee neben i^tn losi 
auff » la Iiabt i^r nod) nnen t£id)tia(n Stein txi)u, auf tan 
fiifi gut (<l)[a9tn I&ft unb i^c tart alten 3tii9(I gnobe Gopfen 
fbnnt. 3tt^in i^n unb ^bt ilin atUntfiii nuf." 

^nS (ub b«i Strin aufr nnb ginig mtf wrgnOgttm {mjtn 
nxitnj r^e Kugm buc^ttni twt ^cubc. h3i4 mitfl In 
tincT (SIMi^aat gtbonn fdnl" rtef ec autf iiaOrti mat ic^ 
Toiafijt, trtfft mft: dn, wit tinon SSonntosJtinb." Snbefnif 
writ « ^ Zagftaabra^ auf ben iSrinen flntxftn mati btgann 
tr in£ib( ju wecbcn ) au4 ptagte f^n bn .^ngeT, ba tt aOm 
Sorrat^ anf dnmal in btc greubc fiber bte er^altene Au^ auf: 
gqebrt ^Ite. St tonnte tnblitt) nnr mit 9)1% weiter ge^r 
unb mufte jrben XuQenblttt ^alt madjen, babei br&fttn i^ 
bie Steint ganj erbinnlitf). £ia !onntt er ftd) bei iSebantcnt 
nic^ erwe^rEnj wie gut « wire, iwnn «e fie aerobe jejt nic^ 
ju tragtn braudtte. 9Sie efne €5<^ne(te tam er ju eincm ^ttbt 
brunncn g(fd)(id}eni ba wollte tt n^n, unb ff<IEi mit einem 
M*«n Stun! labtn i bamit er abet bie ©teine ira Stiebetfitfn 
ni^ b*fd)Sbigte/ legte ec fte bebid)tig neben ful) auf ben Sanb 
beS SnmntnS. Xuiauf bte^e er ft^ unb woQie (i^ jum 
tiinten bfiden: ba mrfa^ ret, ftiefi ein !Iein nxnig ani unb 
beibe ©teine ptumpten ^inob. ^an6, al* er fie mtf feinen 
augtn in bie Siefe ^otte serttnlen fcben, fprang oor gnuben 
auff tniete bann nieber> unb banfte @Dtt mit X^Snen in ben 
Xugen« bag er tl)m aud) biefe @nabe emnefenr unb ii)n auf tine 
fo gute Krt tun ben @te!nen bt^eiti bai fei iai einji^ei mat 
i^m nod) JU feintm @Iuct gfft^U fjabe. » @o gluctli^ mie iii/' 
rief er ault « gibt e{ (einen SBenfdten unter bcr ©onne." Iffiit 


182 Ss^mtO. [XIX. Sn^r^bot. 

Iric^ttm <^Ti(n unb fed von aOn Eaft fptang cr nan. ^ n 
botfrim M |dnec SRittlR teat. 

Of tale writers for the yoimg, this poet, bom &t 
Augsburg, 1786, is uniTersaJly esteemed. The 
"Seinrieh mm Eiehenfela" (Henry of Eichenfele) 
and " OHereier" are written in a style of imstadied 
and &8cinating eiinplicity. Besides these must be 
named " FridoUn," " Chnofeva," and "Dag Liintm- 
ohen'," and two later productions, "Pauline" and 
" DeuUche Frauen der ckrittUchen Torzeit." The 
last work confines its sketches of eminent ladies to 
those of the Bomish Church. 

£)ie SSetttciin. 

^vx Stit bcr SE^niTung gitng eint untxtonntt SStttlerini bit 
f(^t atmfi^i itbod) f«^i; cdnCi(^ gcOtibtt nuf in bem iDtirft 
^rnini unb flc^c um KImoftn. 

asei dnigtn .^fiufern muibe fit mit rau^n SBoTttn ai^ 
untTm j b(i anb«m Worn (le tint f(^ flmnge ®abt j nut ein 
itrraer !8au« tief fit, ba et fet)c talt »ai, t)ntin in bie ttwmt 
Stubcf unb bit StSucrini btc (ben Jtudjen gebadcn |atttr gab 
it)T cin r<^£nei grofed @tA(E bacon. 

Km fblgtnbcn Sage wucben aUc bit Cnittr bei btnen bie Um 
befanntt gebetnit ^attCr in baS @d)Io6 jum ^fbenbefTcn eineo 
labcn. 2U fit in ben @ptiftfaa[ trateni tiblictttn fit tin QtintA 
Sifi^t^n ooQ f6|Uic^ S]Miftn> unb eint grDf t SCaftl mit vitltn 

< THilil«tir>D b; Heti UciKlulikn. 


SCtOenv auf bcnen t){e unb ba rin &tM^ wc^H^mmiUti 
JBtDb, rin ^oar ©vbSpfd/ o6nr rfiw .^nbMn «tei(» mriftnti 
abtr goc ntd)ti ju f<^<n mcti. 

iDieScau bee Sdjlofei ab«r))tac&: S^uoc itncwrRr^tt 
Bttttein, unb rooUft bei tricfn: 3«it, wo ti ben Mnnen fo l»tt 
ge^, nire BSJo^Stigteit mif bit ^oit Ifellen. Eief» i»ei 
ormen Eeute liiet beuXrt^n nrid)r fo gut fie {annteni {ie 
fpeifen btS^aib ]tit mit mit unb u^ tottbe i^nen efn 3al)[9tlb 
au^etfen. 3^ Knbmi abti ne^mt mtt ben @ta(en Qcclieb, 
bie i^t mil g«ei(l)t ^bt unb ^ auf ben ZeOetn erblicft. 
Sabet bebenfti buf man ou^ eiitmal in jenetr 3&ea auct) fo ouf: 
tifi^n loetbe. 

Wt man Me VuSfaot ^ befleat, 

So embtet man in iener Sielt. 

Idai iopatt SttautUin. 

^mei 3X&sbef SSiisitte unb SBalbbuigr giengen bet Stabt ju> 
unb jtbe ttug elntn fi^weren Sotb ooll Dbjl auf bem fiqjfe. 

SriflttM muiTte unb feuftte beftinbig ; SBallburg abec laijU 
unb fc^te nur. 

iBcigitte fagte : 3&te mogfi bu bui^ la^n? X^tin Sixb ift 
ja fo f^cei ivie ber meinieb unb bu biff urn nfdits fldtfctr 

SBolBurg fpta* : 33) ^abe eta atraiffcs *rlutlein jur ?a|l 
geleetf unb fo fCt^Ie id| (ie launt. SRod) tS eaxi) fo. 

(Sil rief SBcieitte, bafi muf ein loHbateS JtAuCfein fein. 
3i^ mitfete mir mrine Eafl bamit auc& B«ii «letc^t(rn, ©og 
mfc bod) einmal/ wie ti ^% 

VOL. II. E f 


434 drbmflr, [XIX. 3aW">l*rt- 

asollbure antivorttte : Z)ag laftbaxt SbdaiOim, bat oOc SSe^ 
f^tvobcn Iridifn: mad)!, ^tift — @ebulb. Senn 

aSn: @tbuU) )UT leilrbt teat. 
Sag Sud) D^ne SSuc^ftdben, 

^ot frinCT S^lb dn SAu'cltin fafi, 
3n tintm BriiMn Sft^lein ta( — 
£iie litlx Oinfalt nuc bei: (S»{(, 
6dn ^m tuA Sart nur itlbnuKtSr 
!0oi!^ i&t^U^ tait fein ^angenpaorr 
Sencfit mit Xl^i&nltin fKQ unb !tai;. 

dt^elfungoi aud) te6 SQeai fietlamf 
Unb »a^ M aanen S&u'tleini na^ — 
iCer bide {>en:( gm: Iich^ f/ilt^i 
iDot S&u'ileut mit bent ®ntil btefy^ ■ 
»9Bal aai^ft bu atter Statte ba! 
Su Itnnft ja n{d)t einrnal baS K ?" 

»%en iDcctor, in bem SSiUiIetn Mt 
Kid)! » tiod^ 2, tme i^ ba fe^ ! 
Seec |mb bie iBl&ttlein aKiutnalf 
9tur i^rec fec^e an btr Sa^L 
Die gotten fmb aucf) fedjferiet — 
SSeitti wat tnk bie IBebeutung f« I" 

/r 9afi erfte SBlatt ift l|inimetblau> 
Unb fagt : HXenfd)/ oft nac^ oben fc^u I 
©08 onbftt nrie iBolni rot^, 
aSo^nt an bei ^lietlanbfi SHut unb l£ab { 
SDaS britte mfe bie Silien nxif j 
SfTid]!: Siein gu leben bii^ t>eflei|'." 


ZMS aSiu^ D^nt Su^ben.] Btf)mta. 

9at DicTte Slatt fo r^itMr; loie 9tu^f 
ee^, bflfi i4 auf bie SBafin rairf ) 
SM fCinften feucifacb'ner &i)fia 
Sntuint an bcr ^liUCe ^f\n i 
Dai fed)l» Slatt mn @albt goitb 
aSaliitt an brt .&immeB ^tacfrt unt @Haiij." 

aSdit Kufl' P(5 ne^t/ ba« .^nj mir bri^t i 
SBafi id) nUE brau(i)'j mein 3fid]tein Iet)ii> 
iDnun Ijatt' id)'l taufenbmal nte^ mcrtE), 
St£ cure Qlt^i^antfn aU' 
3n euwqi gtoBm fSii/n^alL" 

j^ Qtfjtt ber sclt^e fRonn t 
M ^m 1" bmfet «( f/8 ifl was bran ! 
aBn nxnig t^ut> adf er gleid) ukl. 
:Oer lontmet nimmemu^ iuin 3ut j 
Skr ivenig tnri^, ei aba tbud 
3ft nsd) fo roeife, fto^ unb gut." 

Tilt mdh StofenFnofije. 

^rmefl SRiSi^en, Sift fo bin*, 
SSl^t^ niifit mt^r an X)u^n idc^ 
X^u unb solbnci 0«nnaifd)unmei 
£aben bi^, mefn SStitmc^n nunmtr } 
Sebct tau^ eiiftd)cn btOjt, 
Xrmrt 9I&«(I)cn I bin ben SCob. 

9c^ rin bbfn: um'tcr SSunni 
®d)limnier olfi ein in^'cer @timnr 
4)01 bte fobttrihaft eetjttintr 
Seinei: Sc^tn^ ©tatij iccft&ntf 


436 Van tter VtVat. [XIX. 3<i^ 

iDof Tuaxtt 4 bn eanj abl^ 
XBftbtt bi(^ MnMOtn fie^ 
& bem b6rni !ffiunn En bir 

IU6« bWf iwnn man (it ujilfite/ 
3c^ iitf<^int entt^ mJi$tt — 
®d)tila' id) fk nidit out bcm &asi 
SStOt' i<^ atc«f) bn Stoft ^ I 

Katl Jftanf Van iw VtXat 

Vas deb Telde was bom at Breslau on the 26th 
of September, 1779, and died on the 6th of April, 
1S24. He was an able and iUuatrioua writer of 
biBtorical fictionB. He has been frequently com- 
pared to the author of " Wavertey" a comparison 
which in many respects indeed will hold good, 
but in some admits of limitation. Yajs deb Vsuts 
Bometimes sacrificed the historical keeping of his 
characters to the general effect of the nanatiTe. 
"Die Wiederiaufer" and "Die TartaremchlacM" 
are excellent novels, which convey accurate and 
lively sketches of national customs. " IHe lAeTOen- 
tteiner," '^Die Maltheser," and the "Erdbentng 
von Mexico," are likewise most entertaining. " J)a» 
Liebhaber-Theater" (The Amateur Theatre) is an 
interesting and well-told tale ; and that entitled 
" Ovido " is one whose moral and instructive 
character gives it an especial value. 


»X»c Sttbc"— @cbii^] mtyii. 437 

"Whose worts bear the aasumed name of Aurxis, 
was bom at Breslau, Jane 29, 1788. He now 
lives at Yienna. Of the miinerous mutators of Sir 
Walter Scott, Au!XiS ia perhaps the most adroit 
and the most happy. His " Walladmor" was long 
deemed a tranalation of a work of the immortal 
novelist. " Cabama" and especially " Der EoUmd 
von Serlin" (The Mayor of Berlin), are historical 
novels of the first order. The " Sotamwuie," 
" Merbitreisen dwrch Setmdmavien," and "Merr von 
iSbcXien," are well written romances. Axxxia has also 
composed many good poems : that introduced be- 
low abounds with human feeling eloquently uttered ; 
it describes the reflections of a venerable Jew upon 
the persecutions to which his nation were subjected. 
Happily the time has now come when our Jewish 
brethren are recognized as such, and their liberties 
by governments of aQ civilized nations respected 
and upheld. 

©et 3ube. 
t bift ba benib bn !Ot«t: uni> Sanb 

iOtfpotifc^ ®rin nmnt, taffcn ^nb 

SSid) an bit Sfiawntettc fd)Iitfti 

fficr Inft bu btmi/ bu (loljeT S^rijl ! 
Ifrt^h;' Hi xAift fa gut wit bu, 

iDtm grofien ivtlftn S&ctiut: ju, 

txt Ifcbnf^ Stlumen aOec Krt 

Sqjflanict ^t( unb aufbeoa^ ? 


Cin aSinl son (^ — unb Slumni blQ^n 1 

Sin aSn! — unb asiumen twtten liin ! 
3^ ©lift DfTOffit* bit etitt' i|l Utt, 
Unb niananb btrSzt i^m melir. 

Bod) Dur vccpflanittf bli^ wit/ 
Stoat nic^ »{« fonfL btS eSrtnnt 3tei i 
X<od) bl^Vii «"^i xt't umlm srniifc^ 
SSon feinW aJhmbrt ^aui^ erfrif*t I 

Qnb bet bUf gbid^ ungf Srbe U^ 

Bon unftr briber SBatetfanb 

tOttt Stumpf unb Stiete megaebonnt? — 

yOdft mrintt^otten Bag' ii% ®tei81 
asrin ^ooE unb Sort i|t fiIben«(S j 
SBalb bin fi% mrina Sanbe loS 
Unb niV in Sater Htxami ^Hfxi t 

Wur unfre Sugenb jotnmert mit^ I 
O irionolfi* niemalfi btSngC lie f«6 
©a ju bet afeil^iea aaoi: dm:, 
3^v fdiliegt i^c ta bt« StmpeU X^oc. 

jFite eu4 nuc ift, vxa XtafiM ^axA, 
Unb tme beS it>en(ere @eift erfanb : 
tua ne^rt i^c Xdtcbau unb 3un^ 
Unb felbft — bit @d)ule bre Senmnft. 

liSSo^I tabelt i^ ben 3uUan [ 
■Dodi ^t a mt1}t oIS i^t flelljan ? 
3^ roubt una, uai baS ^rj entflanmit* 
Unb Ijobt jum Sleeken unl wibommt. 

[.3,1. :i-,C(K>tjl>J 

Wnb iwnn, tm ifer, own ©t^ wrfii^rti 
Sin 3ubc it ium Sc^ucten ivirb i 
lESenn cr twn DummtKit gcop gtlSugtf 
3f rine nittw SSmK jriflt: 

Ba niftt SRann unb Skib unb Jtinbr 
!6i(9 mit bent ii^4«i ®t|inb t 
Unb flu(I)(t loutf unb fpudt un6 an* 
Unb ^b^at mi^ armtn olten SRonn I 

Sfl bat bie Setm, bit t^ b^ 
SBoju tl)r nnfi fo S^n bdcbtt? 
3^ pta^tt mtt eucel .^nrn @ebdti 
jDer ftitbt b^e bie jum Sob, 

^ofiann 3^em. IB. Zsttoitfce 


Is also a succeasful, and truly patriotic, writer of 
fiction. Amonget hia best compositione are " Da* 
Aheniheuer m der Neiyakrtnackt" (Adventures of 
a New-Tear'B N^lit), " Bilder out der Sciweiz," 
" Der Ereole" " Add^eh im Moot" " Clementine" 
and " -Do* Goldmaeherdorf." Zsohokee'b historical 
worka, " Schteeisserlandt Qetchichte" aiiA"Saieriseie 
Qeichiehte," are of standard importance. Hie thea- 
trical attempts are jejime and imperfect. He has 
left an interesting autobiography (^Selhgtfehau). 

EutilDtg 'BttifHttm, 
Bom 1801, at Meiningen, ia one of the most ad- 
mired novelists of our day. Gifted with a highly 
poetical mind, his narratiyes are so well conceived 



fif^efn. [SiWrin Em Sl^cin. 

and plesaiiigly ezpreased that ve never lay down 
any of them but with regret. Of hia works the 
following are the more important: "Die Weia- 
gagvMgen der lAbutta," "Dot tolls Jahr," "Die 
Haimondikinder," "^ Der Furttentag" and "Hie 
Arabetken." "Der Sagentehatz det Thuringer- 
landea" (The Legendary TreaHure of Thiiringen) is 
a wo^ in which he has drawn largely upon the 
popular traditioQB of that interesting country. 

Sifi^Iein tnt St^ctn. 

Spitten tm SSoimenf^tiK' 
Sifeaitn fa tvotilgeniut^ 
etiD in tm gr&Kn Sbit^, 
$ifi^(tmtin St^rin. 

^m^ 8tf4Uin im 
Xktmt' iitx^Vfc boc^ frin 

Sifc^ntm Statin I 

Sinfatn mtnbr' ii^ aQein. 
Cebt nciilr nutS nxiter gt^, 
^nb' (ui^ nit inieberft^ni 
gifi^Uin im 91^ 1 

To our liat of Hmnoritten might have been added 
the names of Bltjuatjeb (1755 — 1798), a satiric 
humourist of great wit, not always keeping in due 
bounds ; Count Berzel-Stekkau (1767—1835), 
author of " Mdhrcken am EMmine" (Tales in the 
Chimney Comer), " Der tteineme Gasi," and a fic- 
titious biography — " Da» goldene KaW (The golden 
Calf) — one of the most amusing of its kind ; Saphib, 


XIX. 3fllit&.] ^tvicffUitnt Stjbreattttnt. 441 

less talented ; profeBsor Fechitbk, under the name 
MiSES ; Jens Baggxszs (1764—1826), a Dtmieh 
poet of great humourons and descriptiTe powers ; 
and 0LABBKiiorBB of Berlin. 

Thfi tale writere of the epoch, bejond those al- 
ready given, are too numerous to admit of detail. 
We may name under this head Mzibsiteb (1753— 
1807) ; WitHELM HjLUFF (1802—1827), the in- 
Tentire writer of nimierouB " Mahrchen," and of 
the attractive novels "J)ie JjUiktenstemer" " Ser 
Mimn im Monie" "Dai BUd det Kaitert" &e.; 
the practical philoaopher KsiaaB (1752 — 1796), 
" Bei*e nack Brawitchweig" " Ueb&r den Umgang 
mit Menechen';" Chbistiajt WEiasFLoa (1780 — 
1828), known by his " Fhantaeieitucke" and 
"Hutorien;" Jebxuu GJotthelf; Bbhthold 
AuEBBACH, the renowned writer of the " Schearz- 
Kalder SorfmShrchen" (Village Talea of the Black 
Forest) ; the physician Washeb ; MirNCHHArsXN, 
and E. F. Beceeb, who is also a solid historian. 

Of the sundry novelists some are most volumi- 
nous, ScHHtraa for instance (1766), and SpmsLEB 
(1796), whose united works must number not less 
than one hundred volnmes. Others who have 
catered to the public taate in this walk of letters 
are : Heinbich Stepfbnb (Norwegian, b. 1773) a 
poetical and vigorous writer, whose interesting 


442 3Stttfnatian9ni&ii.[e(rf(^nt9tai>tIIeiilit(^(r. 

autobiography is given in the work " Wa» ieh er- 
lebte;" Stermbess (1806), noveliet of faahionable 
life; Eduabd DtTLLEK (1809), hiatorical novelist and 
poet'; Letaxd (1793), editor of the '^ Ewopa;" 
KuENia (1791) ; KiiHNE ; Ajjaxbebt Stifteb ; 
Behftteb (1779); O-kbeabd Stb&dss (1786), 
author of "Antobuyraphie eineijungett Predigert" 
the Bomewhat romantic autobiography of a young 
clei^yman; and Wilhelh MsnTHOLD, to whom 
we are indebted for the remarkable fiction " Maria 
8chwadler,oderdieSern»teinhsxe" (Amber Witch.). 

We conclude this chapter with a notice of the 
principal female writers who have won reputation 
in this branch of literature. 


Sopfiie IStentano 

(Maiden name Schttbebt) was bom in 1768, died 
1806. Her poems are murked by feeling, tender- 
neoB, and ideal beauty : her novels have been highly 
commended. "Eduard vnd Amanda" is one which 
ia perhaps most read. 

99ettma bon Scntm, 

Bom 1786, is a sister of Clehgks Bbestako, and 
the widow of Abhim. As an author she is truly 
fascinating, aod her style partakes, as might be 
antic^ted, of the characteristics of the romantic 

■ Hli bsn iwTtii an '■nonteil^aalMt,'' "Dr AalMriil,' "Mmitd 


XIX. Sa^f).] St. X,utee Srorj&nuntn. 443 

school, occasional!}' of its more extravagant features. 
" IHe Oardercbe" is a novel of overflowing freeh- 
□eas and beauty. Until bia death a Mend and 
ardent admirer of Goethe, — the singular " Brief- 
vrechiel Qothe's mii emem Kinde" ia written in a 
atjle so enthusiastic and earnest, that munbera 
conceived these letters to be the &uita of a real cor- 
respondence. In the "Diary," which forms the 
third volume, are recorded the events of BETTDfA's 
early years. The dedication page of one of her 
more recent works serves also for ita title — "Die* 
Such gehort dem Konig" (ThiB Book belongs to 
the King). 

iKacoImr Hutse Vtatfiinann 

Bom at Eochlitz, on the 9th of February, 1777, 
was first brought into public notice by Sohilleb, 
who, much struct with her poetical powers, inaerted 
her compositions iu his " Mueen-Almanach" and 
the " Horen." An unhappy love aflair destroyed 
this poetical bud in the bloom ; she threw herself 
at Halle into the Saale, on the 17th of September, 
1822. Her sorrow was real, and is expressed in 
many of her lyrical poema with genuine sadneaa 
and beauty ; yet in none did she ever belie that 
feminine gentleness which places her in this parti- 
cular ian above the Grecian Sappho. 

The poems of the unfortunate Luibe are re- 


4M SL.%ulitiimebmsnn. [XIX. 3a«i:^. 

markable for elegance and delicacy of style. She 
was authoress of the amusing and still popular 
fictioDB known by the name (^"NoveUen mid kleine 


„ 0^at miUft bDf Sonanbo, \a tdtb unb bUid) ? 

iCu bringft tniir tmuriet Sii^ ! " 

„, Xdir tbtet gtU^i bertUtt (Sud) ! 

SRttlit linger bqi^m' ii^ bo* ^tn\ 

IBcnn )e$t ni^ bit Xiljb fi^ jngen will, 

So |Ub 3^ dn Cpfn: bar aSutb i 

&t forbnn laiit> toit SStunnscbnUli 

Iws getb^rtin ^igrt »luf.'" 

Qtnb ef)' nocE) btm SKttn bat aSort entflo^n. 
ZM bi&ngtt bit SXenge {i(^ nac^ 
ZM ^iinnttn bit Xtit^i, bie SQiSt^nbnv fdjan 
®l«<i[) SJJogen infi ffilte ©(mad). 
CerjiDciflung im otlbtur »rlfifi:^nben Slid, 
Uuf bldd)m ®«(i^teni bet Sob. — 
„ /. Berrlt^n: ! mo iff nun bein flIriStnbrt ffllflct ? 
3t^ Tttt' unl Dom Stipfel ber SRot^ ! 

II II jDu (pbfl unC nii^ Sprife, fo gib unS bcnn SIi 
,r Slut 1" iftf boS enj&geUt ^ec. — 
®anft Ibnte bet Otofit btn Selfenmut^ 
Sntgtgm bem ftOrmenben SRkt. 
nSJeftitbiet mdn Slut eui^r fo netimt tS tinb lebtl 
iDod) bii noc^ cin einfigeC 9Sat 
Di( Sonne bent feurigen Dflen entfdiwebt, 
Bngfinnt mir ben fegnenben 6tcat|L 


Gobtmbnt.] £t. %aiit SratHmantt. 115 

/, J3(teu(^rt ber gSoffltn lefn rettenb (St^lOi, 
&o but' Ul} bem Zobe n)i<!^ gtmr 
fSi< ba^ Mtfolgt nod) ben mut^igrn ^ab, 
Unb ttaixtt bn ■^iitfe bee .^ctrn!" 
t)U aSOcbe be< ^Qkii, ftin lu^get Sttd 
Se|iee» nod) Sittmal bie aSut^. 
Sit roidini oom ^uple bee gtt^s surilicf 
Unb fi^nten ((in ^aiflts ffilut 

>r If OSo^loR bann I et fd lu^ l boi^ ^bt ltd) bn Stiaf)l 
Unb ieigt un« Irin wttenbeS 8anb, 
®o ft(I)|l bu bie Sonne }iiin U^n Wall 
So Jittre ber flrafenben ^nb 1" " 
®^ifaViat nut alfo bet eifmte SSunb i 
£ie £Sd)KCni^n le^tten juiAd. — — 
es tt)ue bet leud)Ienbe aSotgen nun (unb 
3)eS bulbenben <^lben @efd)ict ! 

Ote ®onnt Tonlf bet Sag entofi^ i 
iDeS .^Iben SSnifi nutb fd)n)et ; 
iDct ^I but<l)tauf(^ fd^uetit^ 
£ue nxite ntflfh 3Ktet. 
jDie ®Utne jogen fKn ^etouff 
_ iDod) Qc^ I tein ^luffmuigCflan 1 
tinb oon bel SSi^fFeS &beni £auf 
Slieb Sonb unb Slettuns fetn. 

Vm Zmft bee |^n ed^fe oetbannt, 
£{e iSrufE doU ®rami butd)wad)t/ 
9tad) SSeften bliCCtnb unnetuKinblr 
XKt .^Qi bie bSltte 9tad)t. 
„ 9tad) SJeften/ o nod) iffieften ^ 
SBepfiglebid), meinSiell 


4W 1ft. fLniit SrRt^nunn. [XIX. So^ 

XMi grfi^ nod) Itnbtnb .^nj nnb SSiniii 

H Sod) mtib, e ®att/ non ■^mcU^&tm 
SSficC' anf tnem tSoR ^ab I 
Sof tdi^t |i( troftloi untaaetm 
Snt wi^ Slut^cngvab 1 « 

@C fpra*'* b« ■&(»( Don SOHttrib wrid) i 

Da ^d)l OKl^ tiligei Sdtt? 

n 9to4 iSinmali gcntiuitef fo triili nnb blnc^ I 

aSai btingt btin btbtnbcr SSd)ntt?" 

»f 9<^ ebln Selb^/ <« lit aefi^^n 1 
2tV ^U fid) bet b^mit etia^l I »' 
H ®ti ru^is, mrin Sieber, eon ^immlifi^ .^^n 
Sntnunb fid) bee Ieucf)ttnbt ®tirat)L 
Si n>a(tet bit KOmai^l sen ^ol jU ^t i 
SKii kntt fit jum Zobt bie Sa^n." 
/» tcb wo^t bann/ mein gelb^nr I Itb ewig »»()( ! 
34 ^tre bie 0(t)<K^U^ no^n 1 '" 

fflnb t^' noi^ ban SfStta boi XBort entflo^n/ 
Xki br&ngtc bie fOIense pd) nod) ; 
iDa ItQnnten bit SXUg/a, bit miil^cnbenf fi^nf 
®la(^ aSogen ivA ftiOe ©emctc^ 
„ 34 >t>eifi was i^ foibeit, unb bin beteit ; 
3a, werft mi^ in( fd)4nnienbe ^Uttt i 
Z)c4 wiPi boS Kttenbe iUX fft nic^t nxit } 
®ott f4^ bid). irrenbeS ^Iteer ! " 

9unipf tliiTten bie SSc^nwrttr, ein nlfiti Skf^Tei 
ScffltUt mit @caufen bie Buft j 
Dec ebit btreitet jid) fWt unb ftei 
3tira fBka in bit put^tnbe @nifL 


SoUmtbui.] -ItaroICnt ^fcfiUr. 447 

SercifTrn mac \tbti gdjeaigK SJanb : 
®d)on fa^ jii^ jutn fiiiiannixli^tn Stanb 

Ectnbl titf (£( unbbonneit' efii Sanblt 

CMn gUtitientw: Stnifttit mtt ^hapuT gnttoUf 
Srfcliwn b(ra btpflgtlttn SSliiii 
Som (Stfbt ba fUigtntcn ®ont» txfttalt 
Sr^b fid) tol minbnbt @t&tr 
SSai (anm no^ eeo^iut bei jagenbt Sirni/ 

ISoe mut^oQ bei ®tofe scba^l i 

@i( ftarjfHi ju gSftn b(S .gerelMljfn ^iiii — 
Unb pncTcn bit gfittlu^ SRai^. 

Daughter of Count tok Gbeinee, was bom at 
Vienna, September 7th, 1769, married in 1796, and 
died on the lOth of July, 1813. Amoog her novels 
are two on the beneficial influences of Christiamtf 
upon mankind — "Leonorq" and "Agathoklei" — they 
were compoaed to eounteract the inMel writingB of 
Gibbon: these are unquestionably her beat pro- 
ductions, and are written with warmth and aome 
enthueiosm. The "Sehweden in Pray" and "Frie- 
driek der Srieg»r" (rrederick the "Warlike) are 
historical romanccB. The '^FrauenwHrde" (Dignity 
of Womfln) is an eulogy on ""Woman," showing her 
true miaaion and worth, and also the power, the 
gentle influence, she exercisea on man's destiny. 
" Die Belageruag" an account of the siege of 


as tf nifin SBiin l^ajftn. [XIX. 3<i^^ 

Viemu, in 1683, is an interesting biatorical novel. 
Her little tales are much admired. 

ttm, (BmwUfOi ii^aln Safin, 

Bom 22nd o! Jnne, 1805, at Treason, io Meck- 
lenbnrg, ia now living at Berlin. Her writings are 
in great repute with the arietocnu^, for whom they 
were chiefly written: the novels " Or^in Favttitu" 
" Ulrich" " Beueverswche m Borden," are eagerly 
read in high circles, as well as the later productions 
of her pen. She has written, besides, a volume of 
good poems. 

%m Statin. 

SBo^in mdn gitj pi^ ^ubig (at gTOonbtj 
D lai biit com nitjfiAtn Xug btfciiaunif 
Wan ]i^a ttutfn^ ffiaterlonb. 

SSit bietet boii) auf biefen twiten Slunn 
3)aS €S(^nt no4 bun St^nncn bit .^nb ; 
SBit jeigft bu fiberall brt SQo^Ifianbi SSpnRiir 
9Xdn »ii^ bcuCTd)eft iBatnlaidi. 

IfnniKtnns avt I&ngit txrgangiini $attn 
SBitb mn oon b<n 9Iuiiun iugefanbtf 
it)it tM(I)feInb jtbtn mdnn ®(^Re Irittn 
3in em^ biutfc^n Sattrianb. 

®nb ebit Jtunftf toU man fit nii^t mc^ finbcti 
eie^ i^cei jQafdiM fdjEneS Unttrpfanbr 
iOal SRalred unb JBoulunft unS wrfimbct 
3m ^mmen btuCf^n Siaterlanb. 


tSat manc^ SffiiffenftlMft iff ^ erblii^et, 
Unb tnan^ Sf^ine ^Jtr jiutfl acnonnt, 
JCenn man bit auci) ben lauten Stn^m entjietietr 
9)tein gnM UaS^ijte iBatcHonb. 

^c^ litbe bitiv f(I)It bit auc^ ®panfent ®otmef 
StoticnS ■f^mel/ bti Scanjofcn ^nbr 
2m SritUn Stolj unb .{KUai m'qt IBoiax, 
3(4 lubt bti^ mein SBatnilanb 1 — 

Under the head of female noTelista there are 
Home other namee which tnnBt not be passed bj. 
Of theae are Assa. Luibe Kakbch (1722—1791), 
a Belf-taiight poeteaB, who died as she lived, in po- 
verty ; SopHiB V. KirosBiH&, the sister of Lunwia 
TrECK, author of the very able novel " Evremont ;" 
Behediotb IfArBBBT (1756 — 1819), to whose fic- 
tiooB Sir Walter Scott wae indebted for many sug- 
gestione, and who had the gratification of receiving 
as a. wedding-gift from her husband a copy of her 
own anonymous works ; Bahbi (1771 — 1833), the 
imaginative and intellectnal wife of YAB]fHA.SKR 

yoF Enbb; CttABLOTTB TON Stieglitz (1806 

1834), self-mordered, whose principal work bore 
her own name ; Johabka SoHOPENHAiTBit (1770—^ 
1840), author of the elegant novels "Sidonia," 
" Qairiele," and many others ; Amaiie Schoppe, 
known by her attractive Christmas-books for youth- 
fill readers; and the pure-minded Hebbibtte 

TOi. II. a g 


iSO Sitittvinattt. 

Hahke. The workB of the laat-named writer ex- 
teDd to eighty-eight Tolumea ; some of which have 
been dictated with the view of counteracting the 
erroneous Bentiments broached in many of the 
fashionabls novels of the Comn^as Haeit HA.air 
and other writerB. 


^art VSllI. 

MuLLBB. " Die GMehhilt dtr SelneeutriteJtm Si^enantn- 
Khqfl." — ScHLOssEB. Hbibkn. NnanHB. Lbo. "Kaatr 
Maximilian I.," utM da- " Gachichle dei lHHelalleri." — 
Bahee. "Papal SixtuiV.,"aiuden"Purtlenund PiUkemTon 
Siideuropa," uj.te, — Rauheb. — Wiiten of oebuak histobi; 

&HDBB TON HoMBOLDT. "Der I^knaaoptKii m dm TVopm." 
" Dot Kreat dtt SidtHt." 



9UU lull liiimlliMiftn, 
Mb) iib Vh Ml eiilit fitli^u. 
•141 Ul SIbiU BulKbiidiiik, 
S04 bimil itf [[M)iti4 f<(itDdHt. 



lliieigtln(illiii, (itbi; 

fug' 14 af^i, ui ■i[4f I Cf ni 



The researches of the UBtoriam of Germany are of 
BO T&at an extent, end so important a character, ae 
to have exerted a wide and lasting influence on the 
progreBB and direction of hiBtorical Btadies through- 
out Europe. The eruditioa and diligence of such 
men as Schlobskb, Nibbuhe, and Bahke have 
opened out at the same time entirely new fields of 
discovery, and new systems (as valuable as they are 
original) for the more thorough prosecution of this 
eaeential branch of human knowledge. We shall 
coafine our notice to a few of the leading names of 
the epoch. 

Sn^amte bon M^Un 

Whose descriptions of men and events are frequently 
expressed in language Bingularly classical, was bom 
at SchaffhauBcn on the 8rd of June, 1762. In 1780 

he matriculated at the univerBity of Gottingen, 
where he pursued the historical studies which 


454 iHalUr. [XIX. So^r^onixrt 

called forth hia untiring devotion to the very close 
of life. Having taken office under Napoleon, his 
remorseful feeling at having been &itlileaB to his 
country's cause hastened his death, which took 
place at CaBsel on the 29th of May, 1809. Fos- 
aeased of profound teaming and an intimate aa- 
quaintance with the claaaic authors of Greece and 
Borne, MiJLLiB imbibed their spirit and style, while 
at the same time he brought all other branches of 
polite literature and the influences of the fine arts 
to bear tribute to the elucidation and perfection of 
historical science, convinced with the poet that 
"the proper study of mankind ia man." His great 
work is the " Tier und zwanzig Sucher JJigemeiner 
WeUgetckiekte" & valuable compendium of uni- 
versal history. Of equal importance is the " Oe- 
tcMchte der Sehweixerigehen Eidgenoiienieiaft" 
(History of the Swiss Confederacy), from which our 
extract is drawn. 

2){e <S^h^t bti @t. Salob im @UfeIbe. 
^Jitlontage ^rfi^i am 22. Suli 1443/ togni aOt fBamtt in 
.^bingen gufammtn i norauf md) ge^oltennn @ottetbicn|tF lie 
aufgeteM^ oontn bet eonbammaim So^ Xft^bif ben lObit 
^iiMuff ivibar i&cH) gu jic^. Sit tauficn ^ab^ bun^ 
^t^n^en gmiglf uit SBoIinKifrtr fit mai^ig vottit vm 
Sfirii^nn eingtnomintn i t^ 1Ba<^ go^en fHi ^attf na4 
btt obcTlbn Spi^r bm UttUbncs. 2>a Xag binunrtte no^ s 
pKetit^ litftn cinfge .^imbef nxU^ fii^ tR^aat, trfi^roAn gn 


iIH(6#i4tbti@t3cilo6.] iHttOrr. 455 

i^in ■^xmn in bit !E!3ad)tcnf Don bni grc^ @d)nw{jn^nben 
serfotgt. ^bmc^ ju SJnbopptlung bet ISai^omfnt aufgb 
Tofcn, (tttbedten bit SBa^tai Mii feifi, ^auf mt^x ^nU, 
unb imma: n&^t ^efi^n anrfiifenbn; Sdntc 9l{d)t SRtbing, 
no* Sfrfiubf fa^n fw, fonbern rim Mnjol)! SOngltngc, bfc ifet 
Stbcn baron fe^tenr on anbrni Nn Seinb ju ft^i unb XtrmU 
dg eon feincr Sage ju ne^mm. !DI( SBoc^n fanbten gum 
■^■qrtmann binauf. iDn ^uptmann tntg anr bit StintK on 
rin«m iB(>^ob<I ' gu emtarttn. ICbtt bit ©liinbtr bfe !Sin!eIf 
tit Mctcn bn JBnetf wtUt)t ni^ ^fbitteteiv oQci ju Abecc 
fcfgeni fe^Im mt^crt in Uc Sun^ cettuns^tr Utbtnafi^ne) 
tinigc mtoMim. Snbep bit bt|f(Ten j&nrttni crfdjien tibet bem 
^g( ben fte btftfitf ^c^ Abcr bcm Bolwui nwbun^ fit i^n uns 
iuginelii^ qiaaittm f^n ein ^ufen iunget 0c^Q|« unb 
®Iamei;, t»lcl)in bet icH^mt XtiAi itqtn ifyct 3CI^n> int Kugen: 
bIW ba P( fic^ auSjri^tn famrttni ioi« tint tUat &Vca$t oob 
Ion. 0{e (Krab j bie SBa^ttn buid) bit SJUbti ^tnaiig. Slue 
rilf !Rann brbedten bie SIui|t i fiinfe fteleni ni^t ungecoc^n. 
S>ec Xlbie abtr nuc nun offen i bie SStiiwii^f^n SJingltngt, 
mit 1)iKi)I)alIenbem @kfd)i:ri MifDlgtm jtne in£ ge[b ^etab. @e> 
tA<^ gioflei 9tot^ tonien in btn Stat^, mit oeli^m Stubotf 
Sitfiffif SUtteTr SAreomrifltc (gum le^tcn 3IloI) ben gangen 
SSoreeR oeifommtlt faf. SMdneK bie Sleifiaen auc bet ®tabt ) 
gang 3Mcf). c^ne Untorf^ieb Xttert unb Stanbetr in bit 
USaffttt i bai SSoK bcSngte fii^ in ben ®d|Ten, im S^ auf 
bei SiiOrraffef e^ SE^Aring con ^Ots^ e^ Sbibotf Stfiflt bie 
ffiirflerT^aft orbnen tonnten. Snier fib feint gelbittrmeiiK 
unb ^ bae ®lidi bee Z^get bangi ritf laut: ^Sltimiet: con 
3&!i^l miCf euiem ^uptmonne fbtgtt i^ ni^t? uioitt i^ fo, 

■ SMMDlofthaitmm. 


456 i^tinrr. [XIX. So^i^imbcrt 

fo bin iil)t nic^ mt^." Srft icnfnti btc €% M S&nttni sen 
dnor Sinbt btfi^atttt (too fonft ©tlicbttn unb Smmbtn mon^ 
troutit^ ^t^t> 0ili^ wcglng) ba auf dnmal ^ som 
XOfS bit fimmtlii!^ ribgenifliri^ Shutm taab(ic^eiib to 
ftfeienenr ^irtten Ue 31bi4n^ {liinsiebaum nbltcCtm bit Qtbo 
gRiDiTen bic Stobt 3Mi!^ bal gaiye gelb (oon bcr 9latuc jur 
. eiift unb Qknuf aeft^offni I) in nttlttSrifi;^ SSact^mi, baS 
guflMU fti^ ot^tHf 91rift0c ^mnnfpnngnitir unb .^annl von 
SlM^g mit einem ^oufcn ouf SUcognoddrung retttnb. 6Sc^ 
nofic lam Ut mutfiige 91itta/ fd)&^ mit gefunbtm ffiliit i^ 
GStlcttf n»nbte fii^r unb womte: >iX>R JBanem migen ftt^ 
tauftnb fctn; fit finb mit Xlbm mo^ Mije^) ouf dnc 
&<^Iai^t Rt^t i^ ®inn. 3i^ bri nttintn Qifttni I}aICt ttai 
banini nidjt fdr guti jit gu lit^ ; Ibnbtm baf bit ju %u$ finb 
niu^ btr Stobt um(t^, v^i bit {Rtiftstni buret) gcf<^)mnbe 
£i^ f)in nnb nritbtti btm Stinb Xbbni4 t^un unb i^n tnu&btn." 
jDitfn: Knfdilae looi: }u Dtm&nftig fih: tint n>n pU^Iic^ JCritgb 
wut^ fottstrifftnt WUn^ 9tur fc etti nmcbt in bent Xritgd 
tatt) btfi^ffen : bai ^u^Q foU jmifi^ bti estobt unb bent 
StBaffer @U cine (tc^rt SttUung nt^nttn. 

X)ie Ganbbanntc btt @^i)4ti: unb ISIomtr {cgtn btn Setg 
^ab/ br&ngttn out btm Xmft SSebtn rim Xntofil aitiflgt |tt< 
rSA ^Iten unnxit con ben SCtrii^r ouf btm Xdet twr bem 
ZJorff unb tnvarttttn bie Sannti: bet flbtigm Citt. TAt 
Sttifigen bmii) iat ^ilb, rinjelnr auf Slitttnwifer fpcengten an 
ben tSrabtn bitZixct, fc^fTenj nKUibttn )ti^ unb fU^ <3ben 
bitfelbenr ^djatfl wiebtv umi emtutrten bit Slfat, ^^nttnr 
f^fTeH' f^tn unectti^bot ba^ 3tal Slebingl gcf4»inbn 
®imi trfanb ^itmibti: tin 3)IitCtL 3nbef bit fibrigen Sannei: 
fii^ bti btm refnigm fammtllenf tntg ti tinen Snfil^e voTt 


X>U9dmtU&.^S<aoi.'] iHttOer. 167 

Aba ten aOe @ef(^i(l)tfcE|rdIwr tfnig fmbr nnb dnen anbtntf 
vXUftn itatt oon babm ^orteinif Mt nf^t fo oitU iStxnanft 
al£ S^t:Ii(^it Iwttcnr bieftm grlb^onm fo i^ e<Ramm«ir btifl 
fie i^n file dnen SUd in |«iitan S^ratter ge^Uen unii na^ 
Sunetguns oNi ^oS \fyn bcnfelbcn mreeuwrfen obec abgtl&ugtiet 

iDet erlle $tm!t nxtrr bat 3((Cei:feIb cot ban IDorfe SHcbcn 
^ugfam (u befe^itf mit ber ^aivptmad|t abet nac^ ban Skiee 
f){nr bann tetuntet ouf SSiebiton/ ju jie^ettr bit grinbe oon ter 
6tabt a^t^eibtn/ tuib/ m SUfttittn ^ittfibtri iibet |ie fKo 
jufaflen j alM btefefi m^t auf boS gefcfiieinbc^ gefi^^n/ bit 
fflritetei bra $ai bebeAa .^auf Iteg Sbbing (bal ifte> »al 
man i^ Abel atiiltgt) etnen n^en ERott fiervorbrinaenr bra^ 
felben in nngefi^ gntd^bett Stilcte (reninmC jerfc^nriben t 
imri^bert autedeTtn^n SAnglingen biefe ootn auf ber i8ru|t/ 
no bic grinbe Ujtt rct^n Jtteiqe ttngenf auf^eflen (bie wtiitn 
(fbetntftifdira Stttan truetn fie auf ban fH&iteni unb urn olten 
3ttt^m nai^ beffcr )u wtmeibeDf cifl iebet ein fldnrt ti^t^n 
Don belt SEnnnoi bel TCOni, unb Itettte tA an ftinen Stfirtel). 
^ietauf befall ec, pe fcBen/ WW bet Mntonft in ISStebtlonf an 
einon fi^iiflid)ai SM, in bet ©egenb twn griefenbeter fic^ ^ 
unterlaffRb unb alt ^t&cit^ fit^ bem geinb ^tntcn anft^liefra i 
fobolb atCbann bet SemaCt^ufe etnfiauer e&rmr Cerwimrog 
unb es^teiten enegai. iDiejenietn |um S^ fonft e^noib> 
bigen Sl&nnetr bie ben tanbrnann ^iet&bn tabttoi fn^cinm ixt> 
geffen ju ^itn, baf eine S!d;Iad)t geliefett mfrbj xiUjt nm }Ui 
jnfi^seni fonbem urn gu ftegenr unb baf iein SSitCel ^u 
unwntKtflu^ tfb a\i ba^, mobur^ bei Snnb oline otelel iBtnto 
wrgfepen in ft^neUe gluc^ encotfen nnrb. SBenn fiir bie 


458 f&aOtT. [XIX. So^fmnlwct 

SStnfi^^ lu mta^iitct ifb bog iebtc JCritg bitb cntf<^etben6 
eentUgt ivate fo ift't SC^or^, in bet aJSo^l bn 99ittct sttm 

ZXrfrt aOrt etfcH- i^tt Sonne Ihmb f)o<^ "^ bie (Stbgcs: 
noffm bnti^ bat Aom {oecn ] fie bti^tt {^nm fo m Ue Xn^oif 
bof (it in SnDartnngi btr S(f>>b in5^ bUfrt bcntttnif i^ 
Orbnutifl fl&itten. 3Mt ^(^ btd ZA^el tmobe ungnntfn gcof. 
iDb Sfiti^etf tMb^ bol es^onmijfnn ben ainfisni iU>crknenr 
fir fit^ ftibft aber gnnfi^ bn SSI unb iSocflabt eine faft um 
btjmfngbon Sage nt^ta foOtnif t)itlttn ^ f#nJi^Iid)( b«D 
gdnb itid)t in offenem gclbt )u beflt^n. 3Mt lixmtxHx SRenge 
vninirf ben milititif<i)en 1)Ian. ©it'Itaten fid) biefftit brt 
Sluffti in ffiiefenr atVije fii^ itmfdxn SBtebilon unb einet tm> 
alkn JtopcUe St 3<itoM bti btm Sit^m^nfe erftrcdteiir unb 
wn eintm lebenbigen 3aun dneefafit muen. 3n bit ®taU 
fonbten |Ur auT boP Skfnf Srot unb JtAf dcbtra^t loftrbc 
®ic ofcn/ |Te ttanfen. fit tcottcni fit jaudgten. jDtn am Xti^ 
^njie^nben S'inb bmertten fiti unb IjifUtn ba^, ba^ tt bm 
Aampf ni(^ twtgc, fonbem fiber miebifon tiinonif enttwbet 
gegen Vargau fKcat^ie^ ober auf ben ©etnefnnxiben beim 
.^otb lagtni wolkf wo nb^ unmigltd) fein mficbtf i^n jniifii^ 
eintmot unb SH jn |<^aeenr unb in bit SSafTer ju fpnngen. 

(Enifle Vufmeiffamtett etwgte let bet griefenbetg fit^ ^ 
unterlafftnbe ^ufe con joci^unbtrt SSdiwp^ : bod) betrogtn 
ben aSibeenneifler bit rot^ Xteutfr fo baf tt fie ^ bit SSo 
fa^ung bet UeCltbutg f)ic(t 

(Sift bie Qibgenoffen bit SBiebOon tonteni trjAtntnt bte 
Sltctereien bet Steifigen eine ungebulbigerc 6d)aat i^ ^amv 
f<^ftr fo bag biefe ^etootbtat^ jene iudtdgtootftn tmttbmt 


iOieSi^bu^bdetSafoti.] ^nlln:. 469 

ft( itMitn, {teeittnb. Sd)nfU bObete lic^ «nt @iult« 1n< mit 
gt5ftem 9{a(i)bni(t cinen SStofi auf fit tt)at> atUiftt fit in bte 
gtuc^f fc^ug. iD« Seifigen erftaunten. He Sfiridjci bieffdt bet 
@U )u finbtn. JDiefCr auB bn Sti^t unauf^Arlid) scfUcCt 
(unnermiecnbe @Tdft (iltenr dnmat tine @<^d)t gu fe^enr 
ober bit Sljrigen aufiufrff(I)«i), bveitetm pc^ In fdjeinbocti 
Ctbnungf fiber bit SSSieftn (in ®tl^lbt au«. ISti XnnStierune 
be§ StinbcC beteten bie Hikii^ Metnbr fbuiNn auf unb 
fc^lfeni fobolb ientt iu errei(l)en nsu, biu4 ui^ <^^ ^n 
©riHaun ^aoaS. Senn bat @efiU|l bet SSut^ nwnign 
Stbtungtn untenfocfrn ivini bie tin ntrlUnbigtc gnnb obn 
bet 3iifaa Ijetlxtfii^tfi bai ®Iiii* bea Za^ii wixt snieifet^aft 
geblteben obet Uieuet ttlauft mnten. 

iBiele Sieifise aber ^itlten irebet UDti nti) auf ben Si^bii 
aui) ni(^ tiintet bet Sinie« mWfc betttt nut |ie anfjune^men. 
2>!e meiflen titten Qbtt bit SBtActtr ^insttiffen Don ®i^d(nf 
^et( xea J^HmtH ui^ fflec^btcgf an entem ^tuioang ottjn)!!? 
felnb/ unb U^gf, wo nic^ fik bie ®tabt, gtiDff f£bc it)tt 
^)attti. aSie benn bet De|lerteiil)if*e ©tatf^attet in Docbern 
Eanboif Snartgtaf 3Bilt)tlRi/ inner ben 3)iauem uon bet ^i^ 
btg einbm^oftS ben SBegeben^eiten jufa^ 3n bet Z^at mat 
auf btn ^atit boS bit Stbgraofltn fiegten/ plfi^ic^ Stut; bei 
CeftctretcWdtaeftnnten BUgcnttn, ©ef&ngniSi nw nidjC Snnocs 
bung citlet .^enen unb SUtter tine nw^l ju oei}ti^nbt Sle^»:s> 
nif. iDoi^ fptang inand)et ftteitluftige 9t^tei Dom @auli unb 
geftOtt flci) ben 3<lt{cf)etn beL 

®ie fc^ea Sie SibgencfTeni wetdje bie pie^nben Steifigen 
<tn bem Stitnioune iKtunter nerfolgteni ttaftn tnblii^ auf bie 
jmef^unbett totlibcfttiQten €ict)ni^)et/ bit ftct) eben aud) bU 


460 AKnlltr. [XIX. Sa^i^tmbat 

0019 }u ^inttrli in bit SBicff unb no^ brc BSrftdt ^ingqogtn. 
XU U^c fo^ ll'f' I'll* oo*" IBtrfnldRi In bicfem Kugcnblid 
ttWit^ tmbr VKabnbttcnnotai' i>> 0l«iiK'^ 3«t tiuc untm (a 
bb Sitfe biangntf alt bit .^oufrtbonnei: obcn ben Sininjintn 
Itt^bcn nnb nkbfrtnttRif n^btn fit pltftUi!^ rin fftti^terlii])ti 
9iii^:„1lUI)t,^i:dt^faa^tmUTm\» Xubei nonMcn ^ 
f{(^ etgcn Mc BcActe. 9n>ar crfc^inKn jt^t bie ^fyittn avfgb 
^eprtn ori^ Jtreiq« ] f^e S^ abei toot •oOSbtaifi btbtm 
fb nid|t nor burd^ Slinfitgtf^nt btn Stut^ qnbteim, foobmi 
mic^ ittt bit Sunlit ^tvoocbtai^tm, fit mfi^ttn ben Sitrgttn 
bit SrAA abbm^ 3n bitftr Stunbt fi<( @4»(ten anf hat 
^ta i ftnum IBibtrflanbes murbt DtrgefTen j rhi tonntt/ vn= 
fla^ fii^i man br&natt fi^ bti SrQctt gu. 

3n Mrfin: Jlu|tr|)o> @efa^ untttlftg Sbibolf Slilflt nidiW 
»n benif naS tinem BSttic tmb einem SAiatrtntiiter btr @tabt 
Sftrii!^ anjUnUg moij fblstt m<^ ^ollivipl unb 9I(d)barg { Mc 
goSr ba$ Sbbing nwlit ootnt^Ui^ f^n fut^e ) gtba^t aOtiii 
btt 9^ beS Sotoltmbelj nwfdc tt. nut gu leibenTi^fllif^f twn 
3uetnb anf sebtanntf fo oitl ecnwditf gt^nbtlt* gefttitttn. 
VXIot bo ontcn oOrt tn giS^ Stnoimmg twtr. bit Saitntc 
eneaUia ob«t ^eitinbron^f bag eoRje .{Kti btr 3ikid)tt itns 
ouf^boT bit ffiitftn ^ab tifttf ^It a feiner grantn -^on 
^ umvtebie, bit glu^t anitt^^oir griff gu (finer btrittn 
aitobaHf ftfUtc fic^ auf bit WOxi^i ritf mit erf^AOtmbcr 
etimme but^ ^ 0<I)aaitn ^: rfMt*t' SAi'Set^' ^Itet!" 
0ie fanbr gtbUnbeti ^gtrifftni flo^ ju beiben Stlttn on 
i^ ^ St ttid)t mit t^mni and) nidjt na<^ i^nen, ftonbf tntti 
unb fe|tf nfe (inifl im Siatfh obti ouf Sagen '. Sebtr Vugenblld 


2»te«a#briet3ali!b.] ^nlUr. 461 

bradite gtiftte 9totl) i btt Xnfang rant; bei alte ^stticma, Ht 
¥(t« JtO^attnv Mn Sugenti auf frin« Smmbc (njfc oft im 
ato^ frint Sitf^tn 1) StfoIItn. SScf ctojia Kdiigt fatten ««:= 
jdiglu^ Stutf) mit {(mn £tben bqa^^ &iion axx on est 
Solobl Xttai Stri^ mtei^t uon Sufnone (txceeblid) bat « 
gi»9c®tIiifunun(n)rinOprei:frinbIit^ffititlig(nKrtien. Stfit 
fingen bft Stfn^ aiif fii^ btc Sr&ft jujubrSngen. Ulcii^ CDttts 
mit in bfcffn 9t6t^n bit erfic .(lof mine ^^ 3Mdija, flel ; gfc= 
^^ wot bn SSoniumuiftn/ um bit Sltnnfa^iK )u ntten: 
XU S£ob itnb 9totf) flbflcoa (eninbra^nt' Stubolf etAfli abnv 
SoDDilcfe onb Seft^le onOfiriltnbf mitUn ouf btr Srflcbf in 
ftinn ^^ @t|laU/ wit tin SBt^r^unn bm 3^b anf^tdt/ 
belribi^ tx mit rinm iBlid obn aSort rintn SAcga vcn 
S^nifh mit 9tamen ^urfinbtn. »Sri mcintr Oivielritf bu bi|t 
an otCtm Sommn fn^f" clef birfiWf ^b bm @pitg> rannte 
i^ bm:4 i&a fiel bn gcmaltise SOrgcnntifln:! bit StAfhme 
raffelttf eS crttntt bit SrSdt. Xu4 [«!'> "n getrnfeir Siit^fidib 
twn SRtrif^RMnbtn im eo)tntifcf)tn con unttn ^ouf eintn 
aSaOen btr bomalS iritbi^n SM(tt ftc^bcnr unb mit ftintr 
^Uboirbt i^ btn S£obc<^»i(^ bagcbnicf)t ^btn. GScof mx 
etOfft'S Zob ittpitbia fdnec S>tli(i|t 

Snbtf bR iB^ettmeilltrf in |Hntm fSlntt Ittgtnbj lang unb 
tMct mit bem 2ab rangt canntoi tinise Ifunbert Stinbe (ikbn 
bit etii^n uittet eefangtnm SMdietr au^ nM^Iofet iSntftf bit 
nb^ fdmtd ecwig pitfKn bmtttn) fibo: bit WBa&it in bit 
Xtorftabt m;b an bit Z^oct. ^ an bcm wo^totrfdilofTtncn 
X^f an btt aufgcjodenen ^aSOxttk, Btriot mondm SSCiTetr 
frin Scbtn, bU bof fi&^idjt @tf(1|ni bit imtcvtn bctwgf an^Us 
fi^cftn. Wi ben Slit^nbtn lomtn Snnbe ^trein. 3n bn 


462 iHliUw. [XIX. 3aWiunb«rt. 

&ait cnbff btt eanbfcfntibo; ocn ®laril Um SJanncnnri^ 
oon S&tiii bit Steimfo^nt unb tibUtt i^n. IBic aU wx louftnb 
Sa^rni bte milbcn noibifctien Si^a mtt gtimnini unb SUfottt 
burd) bit S^t &( XU^lMttfc^ X^mitum fliii^teii, iri^ ef 
cinetr Kur btr St^cttn bitfn Sltunbti ba bai ®ecJ^ ^alb 
ttu^f ^ fotfi^ bur4 <iUt @afftn btn SCob bts Siirsenntiftertf 
bit Stitbeitaet bti fBcOtt bit Srabtntng bcr ttdntn @ritt vcb 
IflnbigCe. iDa Fof) tin SSauci ccn betn benoi^barttn JCCi^a^ 
btn Stabtf^nibtc !Stid)cl ®taf buci^ bit @antn tntntn* tttf: 
rfbot mt bu mit btintm nlditMibTbietn &iimbtn gtma^r 
bu mnft ^ttt OMiH) fttrbciu" bun^c^ i^m tr ful< fretlid) ju 

XU bit au<[&nblfd|tn Silbnei: fibtr bit ginunat nad) btn 
itnftiligtn XttoctUf uitit aber auS btr gt5Btm SKiibt ^ 
tcitbtnun btn not^lttbtnbtn JSolf in btr Sdntn }utilttn i oitit 
i^ SE^iUnn ^xrrttnr unb vtcgafltnr btr ®tabt Sifya dot btm 
tinbrtil)enbtn gtinb ju fclilttftnf tonannlt fb!^ tin afoibj btB 
9lamtne Stegltnit. @Sit Utf btn 6d)ofeatttr ^b. UU btr 
eanbft^tibtr oon @Iarii ntlt onbetn fti^ tbigtfdilorrtn unb boi 
Cebtn Qtctortn \d), xadftt er bit gtnwnntnt Sltnnfa^nt tintn 
ftintf eonbiltutt buri^ ttn @i^D$gatta jn ) ffarb ^itiauf. 

3t(t fa^n bit ^Mifiz, baf bit »Dti| von btm ©erCicM ftbtri 
trttben tcoTbtn. f<i)tugtn bit Sfynrt gur lit^ bit goObrficte 
faDtnr ttlten auf S^finnt unb aXautmr f^oHtn out BSiu^tn 
unb ^nbattvt^ in bit na^n unb. tntftmttn gtinbti ni<^ 
o^nt Srfblg. 

S)itft wartn in btn ®afftn btr Botltabt btfi^ftigt» ffitfi^ 
sent auCjujit^ ) inbtp (Blomtii wn btC trfi^Iagtnen SStof/Xi 
tntifftrt aitmxmbtfdjaftf i^n, gemtintr SibBtnofftnfii^ft Snnb 


S)it®<^d^bti®t3a&ti.] ^tblaUtt. 463 

(nac oil ben bttrai^tettn fu i^n) otm b<i ^Xbtiit ^intrr 
dura iam ftWrifttiv entbliften (ra foil no* fltat&met liaten), 
miS^ntcUdif i^ tnblic^ na<t)bcin |u fein .^o} jtcliiffenr unb 
rinonbtr lang f(f)ini))fivtiFe toguiacffl)/ in uni&t)U0( ®tfMe jet^s 
^ikh in bit €SiI gnflmiUn. ZHtftn VuSgang na^m Stubolf 
Stiifit/ bo: rin flrofn SKonn ^itte frin Wnntn, iwnn « ffe 
bas ganje Solrrlanb gtbad)t ^iOt, vAt ftcc fctne SStabt 0ein 
Stibf nni (Tf nod) ucre^ unb gefMitcb an bent aKorgtn 
biefeS Sogrtf gum Stnit fb SAritl), ^ aa^osi mit $an)(Tr 
Si^ant unb £olb«ij fnncr Xrifsitnubt nnb ftintm Saiti 
^^t DOC^ }U 3Md). 

.^auf wntbe Me Sorftabt 0eplfinbert( oQc i»tfd)(n ber ®i( 
unb bee e!tabt IStabtn fte^enbcn ^hu\tT, xitbft &L SSCep^nS 
Airdie, bit Dtefer ItBitbibiif Stieben. Xltfiettcn, baS ganjt Sib 
felt) eom ^b bti ^inauf naii Jtib^berg/ wrbrannl. Xuf mie 
bluteten ttit^anun fitenbr ben Mden ecfc^logtner gtinbc 
)um Stfdir {(^en bie '^Ebctv unb fafKn bat SBtanb. iDaS ift 

jPiieliciFli QE^tuEfoijiti Sx^loamx. 

Bom at Jever, in Oldenburg, November 17th, 1776, 
holda the professorship of history at Heidelberg, 
and may be accounted the most learned of our living 
writers. Hie aaeiduity in youth was such, that 
before the completion of hie fifteenth year he had 
read as many as three thousand volumes. His 
works, and in particular hia " Weltgetchichte," 
give evidence of the rarest historical powers. The 
" Univer«alhi»toriiche Ueberticht der Qetekiehte" 


464 fttjlojwer-ftterm. [XIX. So^ 

(1880), and the " Gesehichte ier Welthegebenk^ten 
de» 14i«» und 15fe» JahrhmderU, 1360—1409," 
exUbit also, in diffeKnt measure, the same clesr- 
ness BJid depth, the game comprehensiTeness and 
sound argoment. Sohlosseb's last work, the "6e- 
tekiehte dea ISten vnd 19ten Jahrhtndertt bU zwm 
Stvtvdeijransontchen^aitarreiahs" (6to1s.1844), 
is an intellectual masterpiece. 

Slntoni Stcmann lulilDig ^ttxtn 

Was bom at Arberg, near Bremen, and held the 
profeHsorahip of philosophy tmd Mstoiy at Oottin- 
gen, where he died in 1842. Heeben has thrown 
great light upon obscure points of histoiy, and has 
giTen, in his " Ideen vher Politik, Handel, ^c. der 
Volker der alien Welt," a compreheDsive and Bimple 
view of the commerce and polity of the ancients. 
In the " Oetehiehte de» Stvdiumg der klatiisehen 
lAteratur " Heeben entered a higher walk of his- 
torical research, and with good success ; and his 
" SandbucA der Oeiehichte det Europaitehen Staa- 
tengyttem« vnd eemer Cohmen" forms a very valu- 
able manual of political science. 

This weighty historiui, some time ambassador at 
Borne, bom at Mendorf in Holatein, 1776, died 
on the 3rd of January, 1831. ^iebtthb lectured 


SUntif^ ®tfi^i(^] VrCtbn&r. 465 

before crowded audieooea at the imiversity of Bonn, 
nis imfinished yet inraluable "Somiieke Geiekiehte" 
ifi a work of which the English public have had the 
adrantage of worthy tranalatioiiB from the pens of 
Bishop TMrlteall and Archdeacon Hare, and the 
Bttbstance in theBomaaHiBtorieB of Dr. Aanou) and 
Dr. ScHiciTK. The acumen, the dose discriminating 
investigation, and the untiring induBtry revealed in 
Nishuhb's work, will cause it ever to be revered 
as a loity monument of independent research and 
scrupulous fidelity, conveying to the student of the 
nineteenth century a truer insight perhaps into 
the veritable history of the ancient Soniaus, than 
was poesessed even by their cotemporairiea in 
nei^bouring states. The tidings of the French 
revolution of 1830 deeply affected the historian, 
and are supposed to have accelerated his death. 

Professor of history at Halle, was bom at Budel- 
stadt, March 19th, 1779. Leo is one of those histo- 
rians to whose pages the charms of stf le and impress 
of reality give a double value and interest. The 
"ff«cSicAfe7itBKa»M" (1882), on which Leo's feme is 
principally grounded, is written with the same ends 
in view which hare been so elegtmtly eipreased by 
Macaulay in the opening of his important history ' : 
" I should very imperfectly execute the task which 

1 HoduIa^i HIatoTT of Englud. 2 tdLi. LoDgnun : 1M9. 
TOL. U. H h 


466 %ta. [<3ef(M^ ha mtuuitta : 

I faave undertaken," bbjb the laat-nfttned vriter, 
" if I were merely to treat of battles and siegea, of 
the rifle and fall of adminiatrationB, of iutrigueB in 
the palaces, and of debates in the parliament. It 
will be my endeavour to relate the history of the 
people as well as the history of the government, to 
trace the progress of useful and ornamental arts, to 
describe the rise of religious sects, and the changes 
of literary taste, to pourtray the numners of succes- 
sive generations, and not to pass by with neglect 
even the revolutions which have taken place in 
dress and furniture." 

XiGO'a other worts are : " Iie^buei der JTitiversal- 
geKhieUe" (6 vols. 1835 — 1844), "Leh-huch der Ge- 
tehiekte des MUtelalter*" (2 Tols. 1830), " Zwolf 
BiUher mederldndUeher Qetchkhten" (2 vols. 1832 
— 1835), " Vorleiv/tigen uber die Getchiehte dea 
Jildiechen Staatet" (1828). They are sound autho- 
rities, Hud may be relied on. 

JEaifer gRarimiltan I. ' 

^le SRairimtliaiu Nr fdfwn 1486 jn Sricbri^* III. Stat^ 

folger em&()tt uorben waxi luui) b^tn Zobt bie Mcgiecune ana 
trotf fanb nod) gan} bei friUKC befdirkbeiu ^ufarA btS f&ti^M 
iwifi^ gcbotenem unb unsebotcnctn eanbfdeben fatt. (Si vxa 
aba natScGi^ ba$ bie md^ fid) Iwbtt aiif bte dgtiu Sxaft 
wHafin unb 9ta4t^ erleibetii an^itt obifgbitCic^ Siix 
mirtliuns in i^ fttiuatangetegen^dttn unttmafm uoUttn. 


,r Aoifcr SXaiimtiian I."] %tO. 4ffJ 

9tur int QtMtt, teOiUje in i^caa frietiltdKn ®nixibc btin^ Wi 
Se^t«R oft geftirt nurbcn/ fanben dntn Ituftonb unertcialfd^ 
M bem fi^ bte XKutfn^ Station jn aufiaoibtnfltd)ei AiafC unb 
ju scofcc Sneraie b« elngelnen 3nbioitiuni tntnndclt ^t. 
®d)UKtiic^ tcSnn bie ^Ablet ntit i^ Jilasen biadjocbnmeenj 
mixt milt Slairimiltan bntc^ bit Sn^iltntfft {d Statieit unb 
bnr^ boe 8ii!cbtinsen btt Sfirftn in ®eIbnot^ gnattKn. SMtft 
9ti>t^ uocb bann von b«i Stibten benufit/ btm £«[» dntn 
rangen 8anbftitbcn unb tin ^6(^^ !Rtid)Saeiid)t absubtingtn. 

X>eutfii)Ianb ^tt</ bit Stfifiungcn bn freien Slitttrfi^p tiib 
gem^nctf in bit tauftnb [ri^SunmitttltoeT Stntiodoif unb 
ftOifi bit Sfitec bcr 8)innf(I)aft abgecei^tf nattn in Seutfd>< 
lanb ned) gestn Dint^olb^unbat Strritorienf von bnen SRegits 
rungtn olkn in i^n »moickU«i fier^JIUnifiicn bat ^t^itudf 
eefibt mucbc. 'X.bec and) nnjclne bet frete na^m bag ge^bcs 
unb (icaA bamit lufainmen^g) S{bbnift(4t in Bnfpni^ 

HXariniilian ^e nad; bem Sobe feiner a^n tSema^Iin ^i) 
)um pKitenmale mit Stanta 9!laiia aut bem -^aufe ®for)a 
umn&tjU. iSr nxn: bobui^ in tnge Steiii^ne mit Subwig bem 
SHo^r flefammem bem dnjigen SlalieniT^tii g&ltei liefer jSdt/ 
atliin bit HBelt^nung nam ditidie fu^ } fiberbiti fydtt fic^ 
Starimilian in btftimmteten Sibibniflim auf Stalitnifdic Xngfc> 
legen^eittn eingelafTen i unb aU Subwig bti SIo^ balb na^^ 
con btn Stangofen gtilngftigt feinoi SMffanb fn^i Ijicit re t« 
feiner ISIfct Qauif biefen SSeiltanb ju btringtn. Sufi eigenen 
3Kitttln )u ^(ftn nut abet 3SamiUian nti^t Jm Gtonbe j et 
muSte KKnig^nB @tlb ncm Steic^ jU refangen fui^ um 
SEIbnet mecben )u f (nntn. ^uglei^ ^en bie SEMtn Atoatien 
eiobtit j in Strei^Agen oaten fu Togot f(i)on big Saibad) cots 


468 X.(o. [@ef<Mtt Ui mtMasaa -. 

gibninocib unb tnon fonntt trie £ie|temiitnf(I)Rt @i:blaiibe dC 
fwtw&fiKnb tiun!6 lu bctrotrt anfe^n. 

3n bitfn 9lot^ nun befanb fi^ SRoi^ntllan auf fdnem 
n{ten!Reti()«aet jQ SBonnatmSSonuneT 1495. SiMcIangte 
fi^lnmigc UDter^^uns k SbtUcnr baumtbc '^Uft e<sen bte 
aibten. 2)u St&nbe, befonbert bte ^tUte tntfc^Ibigtcn fiH) 
anfangfl bamtt> n«I) feten nii^ aOt brifonunen. €nbli4 bta 
nriUigten (tc 130/000 SI- bui:^ Vnlei^ antjubringm unb bun^ 
ben gemdntn 9>fninig ju tBgen. il^t 6untnu |i%ien nKbet 
tjinnidfenbr noi^ tarn fk f^nA jufamnKn. Sor Xaifer ntad)te 
new gotbentngtn. S&a tnttn cnbKi^ bit St&bte fo ted nrit 
f^nn SSeTcIimcben ^creoif ^Uten bnn JCoifn fo biingenb ootr 
nrit nrnt nWiisti: tS fri im 3UU^ %M)tn ju ftlnffen oU SKaU 
lanb JU Dtn^iMseni bnfi SXopmtlian am Snbt na^ben unb 
fi^ JU SintM^ng bed SUH^ammtcnaiilit in bti Hit otn 
^^tn mufttf nrie et bit %bc^n vooOta, nlmlfd) for baf ba 
£atfti: nut btn ^ifibtnten bti Oerii^g btfttKtt. ^ueld^i mit 
btc gtftfeeong AaH obaftai BtaAfiimil^l rmi nun od4) bit 
!Dli0l{i^(tit wifianbenf einen (wigen gebottntnSonbfrkbcn 
dniuf%(n unb bai Son^ec^ abiuf<f)afF<^ Hm 4. Xugu^ 
14S5 \^ai) bet Jtbnig feint SinnriOisung oui. — ®o inttc 
Jtintg Sttrttt^ II. @tbanlt enblid) tint fiitniriAidiuns ge^ 
funbtnr na^btm man (ut) meln: aU tin ^albe« 3a^T^unbtTt mit 
i^m oU tinem unaulgef^ten unb faft f&t unausfii^ibaten 
Stttogtn ^atte. — iDit 0d)»ci)tt Qibgcnoflen etCannttn bae 
8teid)etammetgeti# nli^ an> unb biee nebfl einera Strtite bet 
Cefttrceidjifd^Zi^toUfc^n Sbgierung mit i^n^ ixranlafte einen 
&nt% jnifc^n ^JtatimiCian unb i^nenr an wtti^m bat iDeutfi^ 
Sttiij S^l no^m. 3m Eftitben 1499 matb bet bi^^erige Sts 


n Xotfn aRaiinrilian I."] iRanlte. 469 

fft^nb btf(fttigt( allnn sen nun an fi&cte olle JSnbtnbuna Ux 
esdinie^a Sibgcnofini mlt bnn ZMutfi^n 9Id(^ fattif^ auf. 
iDot Iteteri ^ttt b«a <OtttteIalt« dta:C(6t( jem noc^ niifit. 

1D«itfd)Ianb tcitt oM ben StiOtloIter in Ut neunx ^ aU 
tin nl^ SStootnitranjr bit mannigfoUfefUn e{gtnt^fimli(I)flen 
Sflbungoi (n fid) tKEcinigtnbi unb fa0 f&i jth SnbfsibiKiIilSt 
dnen i^ angemtlTcntn ¥^C barbiftenb. @S tft eine nod) wit 
ttbtnbigrre gi^nnbete SXaift oU Slalinir wai bie ^ &^id)er 
eettAbtcTm @i^nin(|en fc^n in ben Jtdegen unb A&mfifen gu 
(niwr Smondpotion bon 2)nttfi^nb trlcbt ^attti onb nun in 
tintm innaitc^ gotbnttatn SStaaUnfpften ffin^ ^ottcr ^tnrlii^ 
SBnrlf in bn JfuPcnmU ju ftinffen/ m&^b iCxutfc^anb bit 
iGielt Ut 3nmcK4ftit iu bent Xntain fefnn: 2^itie(rit in ber 
tiAdiften 3ril ^nttti unb ^ Suropa in religiifcT .{tinfii^ rinc 
ntut ®cftattttng nfimpfCe. Unni69l{^ fiittt fi^ bie Jtta^ beS 
frcien Sebanfenif bie boj ^)iinii)) brt l^coteftantiimui unb eon 
ben fciltiem auS ba @<f)claftit geboTenen Oppofttionen gegen 
bie SUmifdjc Jtirc^ weftntlii^ Qei:f#eben '^^ |U eintni foUfien 
Stiumpt) fAi Seutfi^lanb oitwiileln fbnnenr mdie bfefei niditf 
nxri bie notut feinec Sinnw^ner/ nenn fte fh% ungt^enunt 
entnricCtln follf txrlangti pditlf^ nielfac^ eetnnnt unb bobar^ 
fAr )ebe Kic^tung fofbrt and) bcnn @egendi^tung flegeben 

jFcan^ a,eopoll( ISanlce, 

ProfsMOF of history at the imiverBitj of Berlin, 
waa bom 1796. The renown which Bunot ob- 
tained by hia " BSmitehe PSptU" (Popes of Borne) 
has not failed to find a re-echo in England, nor haa 


470 iUiikr. [XIX. 3a^ 

that repntation been leaeened by the appeuance of 
his BubBequent writingB. These — " Qeschichte der 
romanitaken itnd germani*ehea Volker vim 1494i- 
1535," "DeuUche Getehiehte im Zeitalter der Se- 
fitrmation" (3 toIb. 1844), and "Die »erbi»ehe Se- 
eolution "— are each and dl standard worka of the 
greatest value. 

y^ foOtc juuKilen fi^tni aU gdbe ei in ben Simttirrunsm 
ftlbji (Int ge^rimt Sxa\t, bii l»n fflenfi^ni bi[l«t unb etit)»c= 
Mngtf ber itintR ju ftntem f&^ig i^ 2Bi^tnb in to: ganjtn 
jSklt nblidje ^drftentiiibin ober ICriftotratinn bie .^etxfc^ft 
von @cr(l)Ied)t ju ®<f(f)Ied)t iikTileftThn, bt^tlt boC grifHidit 
^ik^nl^um toe Xuigc jetdmetcf ba@ t6 oon b<r untet^ Stufe 
bn DKnfdjQi^n @tft[lfi^ft gu bem ^bc^^n Stance in betrfetbtn 
fjUnren toiuile. @b(n aiii bem nitbnglhn Stanbe ertiot fc^ 
iegt dn ^Jopftf bei bie Arop unb ganj bie 9tatUT baju ^attet 
aOe btm UnnKfen tin @nbe ju mac^n. 

S<i b<n erflen gl^i^n ^et^^i^ta ber CBmanen in ben 
SOilrifdjen unb jDatntatif<^ ^}tnn)tiQen fto^ vielc Sinwofinn: 
becfelben nai% ^tnlien. !CRan fa^ fit anbimmenf in @ni)]pen 
gefijaart an bem Ufen lijen unb bie .^dnbe gegen ben .Ciinni«t 
(luillifden. llntet fcli^n StQdiningen ift tccticfdjeinli^ aud^ 
b« M^nlien: ©irtuS V,( 3anetto ^'eretti; IjerSbet gefonnncn : 
tt nMrsDn@latiitfi^c9tatiDn. SSie eSabaSldit)tIing«i ge^: 
nxber tt no^) otud fnne 9Ta^Iinnnicnr bit (id) in SKontoIto 
niebecgelaffenf fatten fu^ in iticem ntuen Sattttnnbe dm* 

1 K>l E. Sinl.'i g.ilti. nut BiUa Dn CitiKtiii g. f. *. KaUa \W 1. 

r:„i- :i-,G00tjl>J 

^tapfl Sirtus T.] »Hi*e. 471 

ttTonbtm SliJdee jn i^mtn: ^ctto ^aM, ba Siatn 
eSijiui v./ muSte foflot eH^Iton ^atbet Mefe ©toM wriaffm : 
erft burd) fe&ie SBtr^ot^ung imiciK a: in Stonb gr^^t dnen 
(Sorten in ®rottc a 3)IaTt M Semu ju patten. Si woi bat 
dm merboftrbigt &>caUt&t j iivif^n ben (Saam^miSfitn enb 
beetle man bit Sluintn tinet ZtmftU bci StniScifdjen 3unor 
bet ffupta ; ti fe^lte nicfit an ben fd)6nftcn Sflbfrfl^Ioi, mie 
bcnn S^tmo |u^ einrt mitbern JCttmai trfieut aii tie Abrigt 
9Kai!. ^lin tturb b«n ^ecetti am 18. SVcember 1521 ein 
So^n geboicn. Jtur} vai^ mat iijni im Sraumt cocgefoni: 
men/ aU nxtbc at intern tr fieine mon^Iei jGMebenoictigs 
teinn beflager bur^ tine ^tiligt Stimmt mit btr SQtrli^trung 
getrAflttf a vxtbt tinen SSo^n btfommen/ btr fein ^at gtCicti 
Ji^ ma<^n fallt. SSit oKtr SebfiafCigltit tintt n&umtrifditnr 
binrd^ bat Stbflrfnifi tt^^^nr f(i)»n ofint^in ben Steeicnen befl 
fletjeimniSwUen jugoM'^n ©elbfifltfi^l* ergriff ec bieft ^ffi 
nuns: er nanntt ben Jtnabcn St>il- 

3n nKt^em 3u|{anbe bie SomiCit maxi ^e^t man tWtilf ivenn 
). !B. boi Ainb in ttntn Sdd) fSnt tinb bit Xonttr bit an btm 
Zaif vA^i^, tt ^au^it^t: bti J£nat>c muf baj C&lt ib 
waifin, ia bit S^tvtint ^tn: bit SSudjflaben (tmt et aut ben 
gibein (tnnen« rattdft anbtre Xinbttf bit fiber Selb na$ btr 
€^Ie steangen tmb Don ba )ura^mmtn« btt i^m liegen 
latfen: brr fSattt ^t nf# bit fibif Saio(I)i Stxi^i bie bet 
n&(^ SSc^tmtiilet monatlld) frabett Stl&cni<^eniitift ^ bit 
Samilit ein SEftitglitb in bem getfilid)tn Stanbtf tintn groniife 
laner ^a eatoatorti btr f!^ tnbtul) enveid^n lA|f bat &^ 
gelb ju ja^Itn. IDarni siiig aud) ber imigt gelit mtt ben HbtiBtn 
gum Unttrri(^t: tr bttam tin St&l Srob mit} ju !Olittqg 


472 XUndtr. [XTX. 3*m- 

pfCtgb ttbiHtm ban fBomatn ftftnb jti nnjdjmir bcr i^ 
bal SBoflhr b(i}U gob. Xtot fo Hlmaitrtf^n Unftinbe n»mi 
bei^ bit .^cfiinmetn M CottrS aui) balb anf ben Gc^ Abn* 
SigaitQtn : oU bitftr fc^ fcA^ to imttftm 3<i^' b^nn iid4 
Mibot frin Sribeiitiirifi:^ Sonciliuin fo [r% (StUSAt, in btn 
SntncUtonnorbcn tnitf bc^Mt cr bm Sftomtn gtlfe M. Sea 
esolvatort ^U ^n ffnng: « biotK^t Ut Xutorittt rinrt 
O^rimtf tier juglrid^ Sattr^ vcctcitt; bo4 fcM^tt tt 1^ 
ancd ouf SSAuItn. Ofl flnbnb %t&t, o^ jn Kbn^ e^atffin 
in l/abai/ bd bem edjtin dmr &ibme im J(nuigimg« ofecr 
unit bitfe outslaig) bri ba iamft, bit not bn .gio^ to btr 
Jtit^ bianntt: tC ftabtt fii^ nii^ snobt ctoot bcmcrttf woA 
rint urfpir&tgU^ nligilfc Xtifd)atnmfl obtt tine titftrt ttriffhii> 
fi^fUt^ 9[i4tnne in t^ anbnitttt { xric crfa^nn nmv baf cr 
ta|)^ %Mfiinttt eano^t ^twr fonw^ ouf brc @<^ pi 
gonio aU auf btn WtfaUa unb Unbcifitittn }n gtrcara snb 
Sologna: mit nicttm Gob cnmrti n bit afabemifi^ ffifitbtn. 
Scfimbttt tataUUtU tc tin biotettif^ct Satent >Di( 3itbui)(> 
ftrtigtdtf Dtnoomtne t^logtf^c $raeen in bc^anbtlni maifft 
tr (i^ in fio^m Shrobt tigen. fSti btni @cntra(coawnt btc 
Sramiflanec im 3a^ 1549/ btt iugtti^ niit Itttroiift^ 
ffictttia^fen btgongcn waibt, btftriti cr cintn StUftancTt 
HJttonio ^erfuo (uti Qolabtinu bti fi4 boinaU jn ^>niieia 
siti 91uf tnncibtnr mit Stmonbt^ unb @tfpctgestan»cL 
iDlti nnfi^fftc i^ jutrft tin gnviffd Vnf^ : btc PnUOac 
btl Oi^nSr Scnrbinaf $io wn Satpif no^ fiife ftitbtm fttncc 
etfris on. 

Gitin tiatnOi^ QIdd abcr f^ctM ii(^ non tincm anbtcn 
eorfan ^. Sm 3a^re 1552 ^itlt et bit Saftenpttbigttn in 


Vofft &tlM T.] iEUnlu. 478 

btt Air(f)c ®t Vpo^U )n fStam mt ton gri^tn SefTaQ. 
SKmt fanb ftinni tBotUog Itb^ftr uoctnU^ flie^mb: o^ 
Sloebin: f(^ to0 grodinet: a fpva^ bm^i^ <int> angtnt^ 
VII (T ntnt eiit^ bott txi volbin Subitniuitt in btr IDtftlt bcc 
^bigt imu ^{ettf wie e( in Staltcn €iitt< iflf tinb no^bcni n 
(USsnu^f bit rinselaufentn tSingabtn abhSi xetU^ Sittcn unt> 
gbbttttn ju ntt^otten pfftgciK |tief tr auf tine/ bit vaftt^ 
ouf bn £(init( etfunbtn motbcn unb ganj etnioi anbtnS enb 
flittt. lOte ^uptfSle bn bii^aieai ^hrebieltn 9mtti% wt' 
M^inU4 in Sqaa anf bit Setrrt von brr ^Ab(|lination( vxatn 
borin tKr}tid)ntt : ndxn rinnn jeben |tanb mit ffc&ftn Siu^ 
^abtn : bu lAe|L 9ti^ gon) fonntt ^mtii frin erftonnen 
txrbtratn : a eittt jum 0c^ : fo nrie « na4 ■^<i|<i aebnK 
ntn/ fclnctK tr ben ^tttet an bit Snquifitioit. &ac balb fo^ 
tr btn Stoftinqirifttot, gHidiel @^ie[tni« in feinnn &mai) tan 
longen. iDic fteeneftt ^cikfung btgann. C^ ^t ^hittti f)>ittt 
etjillUi tDit |e^ i^n bn Xnbliil btef(« URanneb mit feinca 
^Ten^cn ISraunen/ ben tieflitgetiben Kugcn/ ben f(^ moiliirtiii 
@<fi4»)iVn in Sun^t geft^t ^bt. Zxx^ faf te tr fi^ ant> 
UMrtett gut unb gab {rine Slifit. KB ®^Iim fo^r baf ber 
gtoltc nii^t altein un^^lbigr fonbeni in ber !atI)otiCd)tn Setvt 
fo bnpanbtct unb ^ ntoif mucbe er steic^om tin anbmc 
!Dttnf(^ : tr umonntt ^ mit S^nrjiiKii : a motb fein {nxitcr 


Kuf bat tntfdiidKiiflc ^tt fi^ fcitbem Jfia Relict ^oM la 
bet ftcengen ^artti, bit fo ebtn in bee Jtir^ tm^iotfam. SXit 
SenatiOf gtlinoi $iIi)]po Serif nxlt^ aUt btti btn Komen non 
^rOigen enmcbtn, nuc tc in utttrouttm Siaf)i3Xri$, I>ti a 
in fiefntm C«ben« ben ec lu ttfotmittn fnditef aStbtrpan^ ^^"^ 


474 JEUntt. [XIX. 3a^ 

unb von btn Drtxnflbr^mi nnmal aas iBtncbig wmietoi 
watbti 'oenat^t nur frai SnfttKn tet bm JBertRtern bet )uc 
SRadit eclangenbtn (Stimmins. Or macb bet $aul lY. diic 
gtfit^ unb oft in fc^nntciscn S&Ont ju Slot^ atioam: n 
orbcttett ate X^eolog in bcr eongngatian ^ bag S£ribentinif(^ 
ISontiliutn, aU eonTuItoi bei bet Snitiitfttion : an bet aScc 
urttidlunft beS 3ijbifc^ ffotanja fyxtu a giopen Knti)ef( : 
a ^ fii% bit 91^ nii^ netbtiefkn lafTeor in ben Sk^fttn 
btr ftotejtonten bie @te(Een aufjuftulienf aeli^ Saianja in W 
feinen aufgnumnKn. iDal ffierttauen $iu6 V. enoatb ec 
obUis. iDicftt ^a^ emannte i^n nan I9enetal»icai btt 
Srantiefaner — auSbrittfUd) in btv Vbfiiif, um i^n (ut Stefm^ 
motion bes fDtbenfi ju aulonfttenf — onb in ber S^ot ^i^ 
^etti gnvatttg butd): ei fegte bit ®tnetaItommi|TSte ab, bie 
fnSljn bie ^mie @eu>aU in bemfelben befefftn : er fteOte bie 
aitt SBerfaffung 1)a, naii totiHiia biefe ben ^}n»in)ialen juflanb, 
unb fii^ bie (btngfEe aKfttatton aui. ^S fal) Teine Snootc 
tonetn nuf)t oltein etffilttf fonbem noc^ ibetttofficn: tie Sm 
neigung, bieerfih:$etctti^<UtCf ^dfihr eineXtt ^OR^ 
eingebung: o^ne auf bieKpeneben ju ti&tcnr bie benfeOxn 
ottfyltftDi entonnte et i^ jtun IBifc^ uon ®t. Xgat^ar in 
30^ 1570 gum Sotbinat Suc^ baS Sijt^um genno roorb 
i^ ett^eilL 3n ban tput^mt bet £itc^ torn gelite ^entti 
in fein SSatettonb jut&d, tvD et einjt Obfl unb jBit^ %ttj&M: 
be^ waren bie fflot^aguneen feineS fflateti unb felne eigenen 
^ffhungen nod) ni^ vtlUfi etfftUt 

Se ift iwai unt&^Itge SRal »iebet^It notbcnj neli^ 9Unte 
Gorbinol aXontalto — fo nannte man i^n iegt — ongentenbct 
^abti um JUT Xtota ju getansen : nne bemiit^ig et m angb 


Vapft Stttul v.] jfimdtc. 175 

fttKt, ttiit et atbrngt, ^u^nb unb am Stodc ein^ergefdilic^n : 
— bet fltnnn: »teb con wirn ^trein nac^teiif baS litrean nit^ 
vtel wo^ i|t : niif^ auf bieft a&ift tMtbtn bit ^^n Sikbtn 
Roixbtn. aSontolto Ubtt ftW/ fpocfam unb firiftg fite {Id^ 
^n. Sein Snsn&gen teat In feinn SJigna bci Santa SRaxia 
SXaggioKr bie man aait b«fiiii)tr SSdumCf IBtin|Utb ju pffanjcn 
unb frinn JBatn^t dniaeS ®m ju enwirtn. 3n ecn^m 
Stunbcn befi^SftieCen itjn bic fBette M Hmtna^ai, bie er 
1580 ^ouSgab. 0o uieltn ^fi er barauf sennanbtd fo 
»ai; feint ISetjanblung bed; etmaS miHfiblu^ XUbtigfitt ec 
fd)un fdn S^acaftn gar nicf)t fo tiannloir nie man gefagt ^t: 
tmeits etne Sttlatbn Don 1574 bejetdinetSXontalto otSgtti^ 
unb Rusf aixt qui% aU acgliiiie unb boS^ft Zoi) itiglx a 
tine ungcmetnt SSttbfl&e^cn^dwng. ^ fein 9t({Te, bet ©entail 
bee SBfttDria Xuorambuona tmocbet morbenj mar n ber nfttt 
bee ben ^)a|i^ boti bic Itnterfudnins fallen ju laffen. iDiefe 
StgenTdiaftf bie jebermann benninberCe/ ^at DteOeu^t am meiflen 
boju beigefrogtnr ba^r aii bie Sntriguen bts SonclawS con 
1585 ba^in eebi(t)en. i^n nennen )u ttnneni bie ^Ba^l nncHitl) 
ouf i^ fid. Xu<I) beac^tctc man/ nie e< in bet uncerfAlfditen 
®i3&ti(nng beS SSotrgangi audbciictlid) ^eift/ baf ec nac^ ben 
Umftinben noc^ in jiemlid) Mi^m Ti^ttti ndmlul) €4 So^re, 
unb uon ftai^ unb guter Qomplnion wa. Sebcnnann gtc 
^(uibf ba^ man unter ben bomaligen Um^inben wx aHem einei 
IcifKgen 9Rannea fcebuvfte. 

Unb fo fat) |Id) Si:a Seli« an fetnem Siele. <SS mufite aui) 
ein menfdjenwikbigeB <lkffif)I fetn, einen fo er^iabencn unb 
(egalen S^tgetj erfOIIt {u feiitn. 3^m flellte fid) alltt we bie 
Geeler ncrin ec JemaU eint Iji^e Se^mung ju erfennen 


476 Katiite — ttaumer. [2}«itf(^ (ScT^f^en. 

flcmdnt ^ottc St »iI)Ue gu ftinttn einnfpriu^ : f.SBtm 
Stnttnttii an bifi bui ®otl, mtm Scfi^iittr." 

jFcitlrtirt) lulituig (Beotg bon Kaunuc, 

Bom at Wordtz, near Desaao, on the llth of May, 
1781, is likewise profeaBor of history in the Berlin 
uniTenity. lUricxB may be styled one of the most 
^guit of historians. His " Qesehichte der Sohen- 
ttm^ und Hirer Zeit" (6 vols. 1840, 1841) is 
an excellent example of historical writing, &ee &om 
exuberance of style and party spirit. No less pnise 
is due to the following impartial records : " Q»- 
wkichte Europat geit dem Elide det \&ten Jahr^ 
htmderU" (7 toU. 1832—1848), "Etieabelh von 
Enfflofiid und Haria von Sekottland" (1836), "Eng- 
land im Jahre 1885 vnd m Jakre 1841." The 
last two will be read with deep interest by every 

Important wor^ on the Sutoty ofOermaiuf are 
the " Qeechichte der Deuttchen" of '&.. K. Mekeel, 
published 1826 — 1844; of ■WoLyaAHG Mxuzel, 
1827; of C. A. "VViBTH, 1842—1844; of J. C. 
Ptibteb, 1835 ; and of the somewhat tedious Lusss, 

Of distinct Epitodei ofSittorg, separately treated, 
the able records of the l^irty-yeart' War, by 
F. W. BabthoU), MbboIiD, and especially by 
Are. CrTBOssa, deaerre attention ; and those of the 


SBeltfitfc^c^en.] «aCt{i%t <Stitbi^ticf)VtStn. 477 

Oreat Sefbrmation, by HAaEiiBA.CH, BAGEy, Ma.b- 
Exnnsx, NsTTSsoKiB, and Kabl Ullmajts. 

The Taluable " TFelt-Oeschiehten," or fFbrJif- 
Sittoriet, of Bbokbb, Bottbck, K W. Botugxb, 
and HEiNitiOH Dittmab (the Utter h&Tiog especial 
reference to the apiead of Chrietiaiuty) are important 
contrilmtionB to hiBtoricfil science ; as we also the 
works of Kasl Yehbi: and Ovbiay Kj.Bxii., which 
bear more particularly upon the progreaa of civili- 
zation and commerce. The SUtory of the diTutian 
Church has been made accessible by the learned 
labours of Neaitdbb, Quebike, Habe, Tholuck, 
and BoHKiKaEB. 

Four eminent ezplorers of Qredan Hittorj/ are 
WiLHELu ScHOBH, H. 6. Flasz, Laohmahs, and 
Dboybbh. In Bonton SUtory, the more worthy 
of the followerB in the track of Babthou) Nie- 
BUHB are Wilhxlm Keuuaitn (whose Toluminous 
work has eingular charges of equivocation and false- 
hood preferred and proved against Cicero), K. W. 
GtoTTLnra, and Fbtesbioh Kobtdh. The events 
of the middle agea have found hearty expositore — 
in the person of the last named lucid historian ; 
in those of Fkiesbich BsHit and K. D. HiriLUAinr, 
whose labours, though of the moBt extensive na^ 
tore, axe greatly depreciated by the absence of ar- 
rangement and method ; and, lastly, in the Catholic 
chronicler, J. MoLiiXB. Amongst miscellaneous 
historians who have occupied themselves with the 


47S JgnnAolU. [XIX. 3a^ 

illuBtratioa or elucidAtion of European Sittory 
are — Sfittlee (1752 — 1810), in hia clear and cIbb- 
sical "Oetchichte der ewropaiichen Staaten" (1807); 
FE.F0R8TBE Qa.Vj92),\n"IHeS^e (Courta) wtd 
Cdbinette Europat tm 18^en Jahrkandert " (1836 — 
1839); TiViLttBLM Waohsmuth (b. 1784), in the 
" Ewopaitehe 8xttenge»ehichte" (7 vols. 1831 — 
1839), and Baron Gagebh (b. 1766), the el^iaot 
and acute diplomatist. 

SUianliet bon ^umfionit, 

The aged author of the immortal " KoKnot" (not 
yet completed), was bom at Berlin, September 14th, 
1769. Having studied at the tmiversity of Got- 
tingen, he accompanied the celebrated BoHFLAjn> 
in his adTenturous travelB throughont the whole 
interior of South America, returning in 1804. The 
results of these traveb were given to the world in 
the " Bittoretke Aiiaichten der CordiUeren" (Pietu- 
repque Aspects of the Cordilleras), published in 
1810, and the " &ei»e m die jEguinoetial^eyettdeit 
in den Jakren 1799—1804 " (1815) ; works both 
of them full of scientific investigations and gorgeous 
generalizations. The same character attaches even 
more to the "Annckten der Xatur" (Aspects <^ 
Nature) which appeared in ISOS '. In the preface 

■ Of Ihli two tTuiiUtkni hare almulIuieDiiKljbcFnEHiLDdliiEngluUI 


KnfK^ten Ut Slatur-^oSmoS.] ^^mboftft. 4?9 

to the third edition, puhloahed in 1849, Humboij)! 
espreBses much satiefaction " at the completion and 
entire remoulding" (in hie eightieth year) of tide 
moat remarkable of books, firom a belief " that the 
work will tend to promote a love for the study of 
nature, by presenting within amall compass the re- 
Bulta of a careful research into subjects the most 
varied." The volumes treat of 'the cataracts of the 
Orinoco,' ' of the nocturnal life of animals,' ' of the 
physiognomy of plants,' ' of the structure and action 
of volcanoes,' 'of the Pacific ocean,' and other themes 
of equal interest and extent. 

In 1846 was hailed the appearance, from the same 
scientific and powerfiil pen, of the first volume of 
"KosmoB, a Flan of a physical Description of the 
Universe." The second followed in 1849. This last 
production is one of inestimable importance : not 
few or slight are the additions Huuboldt has here 
made to our knowledge of natural science, amd of 
its influence on society in all ages of the world's 
history ; and whilst the well-weighed and accurate 
production of the study of a lifetime, this work has 
given a popular impetus to the study by the fesci- 
nating and poetical garb in which its ideas and oh- 
serrations aj« clothed '. Humboldt lives at Berlin, 

^ Othei sclentlflc Inquiren, vho hATe tT«at«d orgeognpbf ta iti tcIa- 
dOD la nitnre mi Hittoiy, ue— Pbilipf Mabtics (b. ITM), J, R. 
Rebvdee, a leuDsd StIh, lorg dttaintd pilionei In Fvhu<V> Km 
BlTTiR, b. irre {■•DU Erdlnmdi im rerhUllilK mr ^olur und Oe- 


480 Sle^antttr b. f^nmbalBt. [pa ^>flim)ciiuntc^ 

where he enjoys the fiiendalup and marked eoteem 
of the fcing and court. 

Hia brother, who was ambassador by tnma at 
Some, Yietma, and London, was as eminent in the 
departments of phDoeophy and iMthetics, and was 
the inseparable associate and Memdly critic of 
OoxTHE and 8chili.kb. Wilhblm toit Hum- 
boldt died 1886. 

i^tt ^flaniemou^ in ben Sto)>en. 

^m gUi^fKn ®oiincn|ba^I btS troplfc^ ^imnKH gcbeE^n 
\nt fKrrltdiflni Seflalttn btt ^fUtt^tn. JBie im tatten Slorttn 
Mt Sanmrmbe mit i&cmi gltditcn unb Saubmoofen bebcdt ifb 
fD t>eltb«i bott Q^mHbitun unb bufCci^ Satrille btn &amm 
bet Snacotbun unb bn riefnun&ftaen S^ifl^^utnt. XiaS 
f^i)t ®r&n b<r ^t^oSbUlter unb bet Zttocontien (ontrafliit 
mit ben tnttforbtsen SJUt^n bet Cn^tbeen. Stanfntbt Saxw 
tArim, yaffifloten unb gelbbtfi^be Soniftetien umft^ingtn 
ben &amm bet aBalbb&ume. 3atte Sluinen cntfalten fii^ 
cittB ben XSUTjeln bet S^eobtomaf mfe onS bet bE^ten unb 
tou^ Sifnbe bet Qtefcentitn unb brr @aftauia. Sei 
btefer %iltt von snUtfien unb Sl&tternf bei biefem ftppigtn 
JSuc^e unb bet Semriming ninbnber OmM/fi, toicb ei bent 
9taturforfd)n c^ ^iftoa )u tttttami weC^em ®tamme fBlSO^ 

hu brought All the Teaulri of othen' reHuclm Into form and tlupe Id 

Ui Doploui and laborioiu >«k "AUaemtliu LSMiir- nd FSOirlnimM,' 
oi Omenl DeKtlpUoD af (11 Conntrlei ind MiUoiu. 


in ben SCnptn.] ftUfranlrtr b. f^nnAoQlt. 481 

unb Blitttr juge^tam, ffiin Hnjiset SSoum mit 9auQfnieii/ 
Signonfen unb Ecnbrobfum gefi^fltfti bilbct rint ®ruppt wn 
^flanjCDf nxlii)e' wn rinonbn sctremitr efnen betr&^i^ 
Srbrautn bebtiftn wibrbtn. 

3n ben SEcopen finb bit SewSc^f faftftoftenber, oon frif*""" 
®ctm, mil gi;i$(Rn' unb gUiQenberm Slittcm gqintr nU in 
ben ntibltcfien Scbfhid^ StfcOft^ftli^ ttbenbe ^fianient 
tMl(^ bie tunip&ffi^ Segttation fo einftnnlg mat^ni fe^Ien 
am %quatoi beiiu^ e^njUd). Siumc, faft jweimaC fe ^d) 
Dig imfere &<ijm, prangen b«t mit W&e^ni neC^e groS unb 
pRK^a toie unfre SiUen ftnb. Vn ben f^attigen Ufeni bee 
9KabaIentnfIuffei En iSHtbajnaila miiHL eine laidenbe Srifbs 
Idt^ beien Slumei Don oier gnl UmfanSi fcl) bie inbifi^ 
JCnaben in iliren 0piclen Qbec ben SU^Mtl iitljm. 

HAt auf eroTbentli^ ^bljei ;u mli/a: licl) unter ben SBenbes 
treifen niil)t 6Iog einjelne SStxit, fonbem ganje £&nbei er^btni 
unb bit JtitHi wel^e bie golae biefer ^6^ ifc BO"!^" tem 
Xropenbetvo^nei eintn ftttjomen Snbliil Xu^ ben ^Imen 
unb ^(inegeb&f<^ umseben i^ aiul^ bie ^an)enfomtn< 
maUlt nut ben norbif(f)tn 2&nbem anjuae^hen fdjtinen ; Sqs 
pteffeni Xamun unb Wdjm, SJerbecitftciudjcr unb Srlen — 
na^ mit ben unfcigen vencanbt — bebeden bie ©ebitsSebcnen 
int ffiblii^n SSerib), nne bie Xnbcetttte untet bem Xequotor. 
6a ^t bie SHatut bem SRenf^n in bet ^ei^en 3one wrlie^nr 
of)ne feine .^eintat^ iu t«cla|1enr ode ^}f[an;engcftatt€n bet Sirbe 
)u ftlftn i nrie iai .^meBgewilbe con ^I )u ^ i^ feine 
feiner leu^enben IBetten uetbitgt 

iDiefen unb fo manti^n anbem Stotmrgenufi entbet)ten bie 
noTbif<^n ffitOer. SBiele @Ie1iitne unb biete ^)flanjenfi)nnen, 

VOL. n. I i 


4S2 flXtranUn- bott !l^atnboIbt. [S>ae Xmtj 

Don bkftn gn^ bU fi^lbn — ^olnim unb ^aneamdc^ef 
boumarCigc StJftr iin& fdnsefbitttf aKfntcfm — bfetben i^nen 
ni»i0 unMoimt. XAt bantcnbtn Stwiilft, nwblfe unfn Zvtibt 
tfiuftt ctnfc^Iie^ gftDi^mi nur tin fdinut^ Silb von bcc 
Sli^tt^ btr Sioptinxgetation. Vttr in btc XnUitbune unferec 
eptadic, in Ur #^bcn ^^ontollt be! 3M<^crti in brr bars 
ftcOntben Xunft bet SDlaltr, ifl tint reit^ Q-ncOt brt Srfafirt 
ge&f^t Sm i^ fi^ipfl nnfcre SiaUnnmsUroft bb Ittwnbt^ 
SSilber rinn aottf<^ Statnr. 3tn bltnt Sotbcn/ in bet ibtn 
^ibe (ann ber rinfome SXtnTi^ fic^ ontigncnf ma in ben 
ftmflen Chbffajt^ crforfi^ nncbf unb fo in feintm Snnrni tint 
9Bclt fi4 f^fmj nxtdx bat SBtit frinrt @ei|hSi frti unb iin> 
MtSingli^i tm bieferj {jt 

£)aS Jtieuj beS @ubenS. 

^^^8 9(etd)t bcr S^inlKit unb fCHIbt bt« JCIimag in bee 
^fequinoctialeegenb bcB Dctant. S&^nnb ber regela&fise 
SBinb ^t nxiftej ^telt fid) bti SBiimemelfer ben Sag iba 
auf 23 unb 24 ©xabcuf unb n>&^nb ber ?tadfi jnif^tn 22 
unb 23>5 ®rabea Uni aUtn ERetj bteTer ^cClt^n/ beni 
Seqnalor na^ ©egenben uotOommen ju empfinbenf mufi man 
in einer fe^ lau^n Sa^reftelt bit Sbtft wn Xcogulco ober oon 
ben Aufttn con 6^ili na^ Suropa gemadit ^oben. Sieli^ 
Qontraft poWfin ben fUnnifii^n SXeecen ber nhblitiien Sreittn 
unb bieftn Segenben/ m bte 9Iu^ ber Statur niemoU Qefttrt 
wicb 1 XBenn bit Stildb^ twn SKnico ober oon bem ffibtidjen 
Xmenfe n<i<^ ben Mften con Spanien tben fo f^eH unb one 
gtnt^ wixt, aU bie Ueberfa^ oon bem atttn in ben ntuen 
Sontinenti fo lofirbe bie 3<i^l bee Quro|)Aeti neli^ ^H) in ben 


bee Silbtns.] Slt^Htilm fian KmiAottrt. 488 

Colcnbn ntebtrgtlafTtn fyibtn, writ unbrtxSiIitlii!^ frinr all 
intr tt etenDoiitifl fctjtn. ZM« ffitnir uxh^e W Tfymi^iitn 
unb Slamu)iffii)cn 3nfeln um^6nit unb atUkti man bunti 
r^ftr ivemt man in ^^n SSttHtn nad) Sttro^ iurdttftfittr 
luirb con ten Sponietn bun% bfe fenbettate Senninuna Oolfo 
de Us Yeguaa ((Self btr eaftt^Urt) bt}eid)mL 3)ie Soby 
niftev nxld)e nt(^ an bae 3Ke« graid^t f!nb unb mXHit longt 
3cU abgefonbert in ben SS&Ibnn con ®niana, in ben SSoeonen 
Mn SaiacaS obec auf b«i QotbiUeitn Don ^tm gtlebt ^b<n> 
^cdjten We 9lll)e bet a3tnnubt|il|en Snfein me^* aU He Qina 
mo^net Don Gima ^eut ju Sage bie gt^rt umi Sap -^otn. 
SSie flbertieiben |i<^ bie ®tfaty: einer ®d!ifffa^tCr meltiit nm 
fan aBintet gefS^K* i|L Sie oetf^teben Don 30^1 Ju 3o^ 
bie ](uS|ii^rune eincC ffioi^bcn6> welc^ i^nen gewast fi^eint' 
mib fe^i oft Qbetrat^^t fie ber Sob tnttten unter ben Suberefs 
tuneeni tDclt!^ fie ju i^m fRAiHt^ mac^ 

0eit wir in bie f)ei^ 3one ringetitten ntamir fonnten rait 
jtbe 9tai^ bie Sdiin^ be§ fAblii^n .^mtie ntdn genugfam 
bcnninbenif tveldjer in bem SHaflj aU uii: luid) ®{iben dots 
rAdtflb new SSternbitber unfon Xa%cn tntfaltetc. aXan Ijot 
rin nmnbeiEur bctanntea Seffl^If raenn man bet ber Xnni^ 
rang Qegcn ben TUtioatoc unb befbnbetSi n>enn man twn bet: 
rinen ^mip^ixt in bie anbere dberge^tf aOmitilitf) bit SSterne 
nieberet meiben unb juleet MiftMnben jte^ti nxlt^ man wn 
frinet erjlen Jttnb^eit an fennt 9tidif& erinneit einen 9ltifenben 
[eb^ftet on bie nnennefilii^ Gntfeinung frinet ffiatcrianbri 
aU ber Xnblid rinet ntuen <^mm(I(. iDie Smppirung ber 
gtDfen @ternei einige jecfbeute Slebelftcmei nxldje an fSUan 
mit ber 3)lild)fh:af( nKtteifemf unb dHumu nxl(^ buid) tfaie 


484 attfrantttr lion ^^tmAoQrt. [iDa« Strntt 

auStroitentlii^ Si^ut&Tjt aut^tgridinet finbr gebtn b«n lube 
CidKn ^mmd dnt tigenttiAniUdie $t)i)|ugnomit. ZHefti 0<^u>> 
fpicl fc^t {elbfi bit ^nbilbunsStca^ bniemgen in SSnvtgunQf 
miiie, olfat Untrmc^ in ^ ^S^tnn iSiffcnfcWcni bas .^inif 
nKiagemllbc gem bdradftttiv loU man tine ftf)4ne Sonbft^ft 
ober dnt nmitflAtifc^ Vufl|iif)t btnninbert. 3Kan ^at ni^t 
n6t^ig Sotanihr ju ftini um bit ^fk 3ont bn bem btofittt 
Vnblictt btr {Begitation ju tittnnni) otine Aenntnif in bet 
X^nmomii ntangl jU ^abm olgnt mit bta >^mtUd)ai:ttii 
Don SdunHtab nnb la QatCIe urtraut ju ftinr fO^U manr bof 
man niif|t in Qmopa ffb mean man bat ungtf)«nt SHnmbilb 
bt6 Si(f)iff( obtc Ilic ptioCp^oretcitenben iCoIten snagtllanC am 
.^icriianC auffttigtn fit^t i&it Srbc unb btr .^inimtlr ZUtc 
nimmt fn btr XcqttiniKtialgtgtnb eintn ootiTi^Q^altec an. 

Bit nitbtni ©tgtnbni ta gup nwwn feit tinigtn 2agtn mit 
£(impftn anocfdnt&ngcrt JSir fa^n crfl in bn 9ta<^ voni 
4trn ;um Sten ^ultutr im 16ttn Scab bar Srtittj bai Sxaat 
bee ®ftbent jum trfbn SRal btutUd; i ti nur flatf gtneigt unb 
rfii/itn eon ^eit ju 3cit gtsifdien SBoCbn, beren !DtitttItnintt> 
von btm aSttttiItuiI)lni gefurt^i tin ftlbafarbentS eiil)t )ucil(t 
loarf. astu) It einon Stetfenben tcloubt i^ von ftinen ptc 
finlii^n St%un3tn )u nbtnr fo ft^ iti) tiinjO/ baf ii^ in 
bitfec 9tail)t einen ber SEtinme meintr a^n Sngnb in ffirfftlc 
lung gt^tn fa^ 

iSemi man anf&ngt, ben SHitt auf etogtap^c^ 6^tn jtt 
ttfttn nnb bit Stfdictibinisen bet Sleifenbcn jn lefen, fo f&t|tt 
man tine Kit oon Sariiebe filt geroiffe 84nb« unb SItmala. 
•Ben mlijtn man (i* in rinem ^6^m KKtr nicfet mo^t Bti^ 
fdiafl gebtn (ann. Xiitfe Sinbr&de ^obtn ttntn mrctbacen 


M eittcns.] 9%anVtr hon %tmibanrt. 486 

einfluB duf unfrte Sntfc^fli, nnb nrfr (ui^n unS nrit inflinft. 
m&gig mit ben ©egcn^&nben in Sejit^ne iu ft|tn, twIdK frit 
langn ^ rimn sel)rini(n Sitii f&t mH ^atttn. 3n rinn 
ISpoi^r no {(^ btn ■^intrntl fhtUctCi ni())t nm muf) bci !Xflit)s 
nomfe ju uribmeni fonbRn um bfc SCnne lennen ;u Umtni 
wucbf U) oon mm gurt^t fn SBctwgunfl atfejt, xotUji btm 
ttntgen unbetannt i|t, bie tint |i^U Etbenfiart litbtn. Si 
fn^n mte fn^mtrj^dfCr ba ^ffnun^ )u entfognif bie fdifintn 
Stcrnbilbn ju fe^iu twli^ in bm gtA^ bet efibpoU litgen. 
Ungebulbig/ bie ©egti^tn bet Ktqualort JU burd^onbentf 
bnnte {^ bie Hxt^m nic^t gesen bal geftiiiite ®eii>&[be bei 
■fiimmeU ei^tbcn, o^nt an bae £Teu} bc< sabene p benten 
unb o^ne mic bie ertwbtnt SttOt btS iDante inC ®eb&cl)tnif 
)unid)unifenf nxtt^ Me bevA^mtefttn Cotnmcitfatnren anf 
biefes ®tenibilb btjogen ^aben. — 

iDU Sefriebisundf iveld)c uitt br{ ber Sntbecbins biefcc 
Jttei;^8 be6 S^bcnt tmffaaboi nnttbt leb^ft twn benienfgen 
^>er(anen bci: Sk^lfhiannfii^ft gttt)ei(t> tvelt^ bie JCoIonien be< 
n»bnt gotten. 3n ber @tnfamldt ber fOIeete grAft man eincn 
Stent loie etnen Srtunbi von bem man longe ^tit gttnnnt nur. 
Set Nn ^ottugitfen unb S^aniern fn^inen no^ befonbtce 
©citnbe bicfeS Sntereffe ;u Qerme^: ein religibfet ®e^I 
maift i^nen ein Sternbilb Eieb/ beffen gorm f^en baS Sei^en 
beS @Iaubtnt int ®eb&d^ttii9 nifti oeli^ee son ibcen iSonlteni 
in ben SJilffan ber neuen Xielt aufgepPonjt wucbe. 

Da bie beiben gcoflen SSternCf mVtie bie ®pi^ nnb ben SuB 
bet JCttUjti bejeii^ntttf ungefi^t bie n&Riltdje gerabe Xnf' 
^etgnng ^ben/ fo muf ba6 ecembUb In bem Vugenbltilf no 
e« burd) ben HKeribian ^^t, beinat)c fentte^t |le^ iDiefen 


486 SUpaOltt h»» IftunAoQlt 

Umftanb Itimtii oOt fBblbxi Wiit imfnt btt Shnbctreifrt 
ebcr in txr |1kbli(t)cn fani^Art nw^ntn. SSon tiot beo&ad|ttt> 
nm »cti^ 3tit in bn Kai^f in Dtrfc^btnen So^tc^dbtir bod 
Jtnuj fan eilbtn Qcrabt obtr goui^t ifL 6« ift bit* tfm l^r, 
nxldie )ian(i4 neetm^igr »a^ jn um 4 SKinutcn tS^Iidir 
QocrAdtr unb tdn anbtrd Stonbilb Wtttt bd bent bloftn Xm 
bli(t tint fo Uiil^l iinitiffcIbTibt Stobac^itnng bet 3cit bat. SSJc 
oft ^httn ivir in btn ®aMMn wn JSen^utla obn in btt 
SAfbi nxUK fi4 Don iima niu^ XnniOo erllTeA imTant 
ffitflnidfn: fosm: HSBittcnia^t tft vorbttj boS £ru) f&ngt on 
f[(^ ju nngcn." ffiit oft liabtn bUft Sotte unt bit r^enbe 
6um inS ®eb£c^f gouftni u« ^ul unb CiieintCr flOrab 
an ber CUitOt btS 9Iu{ftt bra Satuniov fic^ jum bfetn Sllal 
untK^IttHf unb no bn (Snitf bei bem Xnbltd brt £R)i)cfl fm 
Siibnif |te ninnnrti bo^ tS 3^ i|t ju rd)riben I — 


?art J^. 

PHILOSOPHY.— Kant. " Ben&luu der SriHi der prat- 
luehen Vemm^." — FtCBTB. — FuBB. Atu "Jutiut and 
JBm^omr."— Jacobi. " Fob den gStllitkett Dingta mid ikrtr 
Of eniomn;. " — Schbllin a. — Schlbibkm achbb. — Hsqil. 

THEOLOQY.— NiANDia. Tholvck. Hbbdbo. HnHia. 
UiJLTjtB. Cladb Hasub. Sabtobjus. Mabtin Boos. 
OoasNBB. OtsHAnaBN. Henobtbnbeko. Nitzbob. Lisco. 
TwBBTBK. Kkduuacbsb. Haqknbach. ILstbbnick. 
EntABji. Pbt. Lanqe. [Stbaubb. Fecbbbach. Baubr,] 
RauaiODB Ststkhb or Obbhant. 


■ntgill Hill niffnl Itin 

«(»i> n<Ilt<l< e«ia>nll4I 
Vmttn ainti fill. «(li«. 

*. JktMtid. 


$art if. 


UuB space and the plan of oup work forbid us to 
give more than a brief outline of the etate and pro- 
gresB of German Philotophy and Theology during 
this epoch ; of a philosophy which has eierciaed so 
Taet an influence on the whole hterature of Ger- 
many, and, indirectly, on much of the literature of 
Europe and of the new world ', 

Prerious to the appearance of the philoaopher of 
Eonigsbei^, Iuhakusl £ast, few, besides Leib- 
jnrs and Woif , had nearly ho distinguished them- 
selves by their researches into the deep subjects 
and high themes which are included in the term 

drannjr Cultridti (U every tum ennucUCIni noicl ind pbllauphlQ 
tniju of tbouihtl, ud tha Tlgonnu and orlgliiil inlUngi of TMmui 
CarltU, To ItiE philumpUul ifiton of Picmn mi; In Ilka rauDcr 
IH ttaeei tb* Kntlmenti uid splnioni piopenndid in 'Amarici' by 
Xmirum! vhUit, Id 'Fnnc«,'thg cclibnlad laotoni, VIeltr CouJh, 
otto\j ■low* Um DbUgntlMU )M 9Wi ts lb* litoiin »t ScKUiia ind 


490 Cbamaiixa. [_%i^cj>^ie, u-r-n. 

" Philosophy." The present waa to be the Age rif 
Philotopheri, and has received that appellation. 

But in entering, however slightly, upon so wide 
a subject, it will be necesaary to review briefly the 
mental history of Oermany from the days of the 
BefiDrmation ; and, in the re-actions that have froni 
time to time had their influence on the relig^us 
mind of the nation, to trace the source and the 
promoting causes of the modem J^hilogcpht/. 

The acrimonious and contivversial spirit in which 
the champions of the Beformation (MELuroTBOzr 
honourably excepted) allowed themselves, tended so 
tar to lessen tfae influence which Lutheranism had 
promised to have over the minds of the people ; and 
the deadness into which the succeeding generation 
relapsed, and the time-serving character of the 
cle^y, so faithfully exposed in the letters of 
Babeheb, the novel of the sceptical journalist 
N'lcoLU ', and the indignant work of the high- 
minded Thohasius *, have caused it to be known 
as the J^e qf Ind^eretUum. 

In opposition to this spirit of religious apathy 
arose Pietitm, numbering among its zealous up- 
holders Speiieb, Fsanex, AsinjT, Gebhasdt, and 
Beitoel, names we have already mentioned '. The 

' "Sitaldu,irillmkir."SeeftgeHl. 

> PublielT bntnt u C<ip«ihi(eii, hb ff l»i- Vol. I. 


XIX. 3<m-} %ttimiti—mttlS. 491 

Moravian Brethren ' too, whose riews of religion 

(notwithstaodrng eome Blight differences, rather of 
discipline than of doctrine) coincided in the main 
with theirs, contributed to satisfy the wants of such 
miuda as sought a spiritual personal Christiani^ 
dependent on the reveided word. 

The close of the nineteenth centuiy saw Pietism 
well-nigh spread over the whole of Qennany, not 
without a persecuting disposition having manifested 
itself in edicts for its suppreasion in Sweden, Den- 
mark, and elsewhere. But the angry attacks it met 
with, at the hand of the press and the universities, 
were the means of bringing it into bad odour with 
the people generally, aa visionary and extravagant, 
and of giving encouragement to the existing lean- 
ings towards rationalism. At this junctm« came 
forward some who advocated the promulgation of a 
sound philosophy aa the surest means of arresting 
pietism in its progress ; and the study veiy soon 
became popular, that branch of it especially relating 
to tnetaphytici. The improvements in this science, 
made by the celebrated Leibbitz', "were still 
further perfected by the philosophical labours of 
the acute and inde&tigable Wol? ', who reduced 
it into scientific order, and gave it« decisions the 

Mi(l»7>— l?M), "rtniSn 


492 KtCbnftj. i^mo^i^ tt.f.m. 

strengtli aad evidence of geometrical demooHtra- 

There were not wanting many who opposed this 
philosopliy from tlie firat, as franght with danger 
both to the doctrines and the institutions of Chris- 
tianity ; nor withont reaaon, for from it we must 
date the commencement of the still waged conflict 
between &ith and reason, which has resulted less 
in the convezsion to either eide of the educated 
minds of the conntry, than in the prevalence among 
iH classes of a wide-spread scepticism. 

Leibnitz's philosophy bore an equal connexion 
with that of Deicartei and of Locke. Vfois, who 
followed as his expositor, stood in the same relation 
to him as Fiohte to Eattt, and as Heoel ' to 
SOHELLIKO'; the disciple in each instance going 
beyond his master. 

With the age of Frederic the Oreat, the admirer 
of the free-thinking Voltaire, Germmiy was deluged 
by a flood of i^^tfe? itVeroftwe, with which the minds 
of the people were industriously familiarized. Of 
those who made themselves the more conepicuons 
in this unholy work were — Ti 1.1*1. Fb. Bahedt ', 

I Mbihi,. 

' Q. W. FaiEDitTcn HsaEL. 1T70 — 1A31, profetBOT of pblloiophj for 
tbilleen THii ■( the Berlin univenllT. "rurltiuHftuSlHr iU PhlUmiihit 
dir Riliiioni" "BiKtclopMit dtr fkUttopkitcluit WiHnuciafUn,' \iU ; 
"Pli&iiminolBsit ia Oiitia :" " P*ti«a;iU<r itr O-MdiU," 183). 

• F. W. lo: TOM BcH».Liiri> lb. 1771). proreHor of pbUoiopbr U 


Stomontifi!^ ®cE|uIe-] tttftnanul. 4i93 

MiUYiLtON of Leipzig (1743 — 1794), WnuBCH, 
in his "Sorui," 1783, andlast and worst, pArLZOW 
(b, 1753), author of " I'orphyrius," "Sutory of 
Svpemtition" "History fyf Beligiout CrveltgJ" At 
the BBine time appeared, under the sanction of 
IiSBsnia *, the noted and insidious " Wolfenbutfel 
Froffmente," of which the real author was Beima- 
Brs '. These all effected much mischief. 

Tor the higher classes, howeTer, the naked bold- 
ness of the theories broached was too glaring, and 
the results in France too terrible to dispoae them 
to their reception. They inatinctively took reiuge 
in SujtnmaturaUsm ' and aeriptural faith, and some 
minds peculiarly constituted in the in&Bibility 
of Borne. This spirit of re-action was umTersally 
diffused by the wsitebs or tee bouajttio school*. 
Bnt we mnst regard the odium cast upon the in- 
fidel doctrines by the ^French Eevolution, as the 
cause fdso which at this juncture led men with 
eagerness to give in their adhesion to a phuo- 
sopHT which came now before the world as a new~^ 
form of Christian belief, and promised no leas than 
to reconcile for ever the conflicting dums of 
reason and &ith. 

' See Vol. L i»g« 

Sm VoL I. paga I9B. 




* Bee Page 2S9. 










; a. in Eng- 

land, in the WMfci 

tliongh lb. 

latter mslntalneds 


yielding .pliLt thai 


C3.l:.-:ij,CiOOtjl>J -"^ 

4M Kant. [£» JCanttfi^t 

ilmmanutl Kant, 

The talented founder of this philosophy, waa bom 
April 24th, 1724, at KonigBberg, in FniBsk. Here, 
aa a atudent in the univenity, hU youth waa de- 
voted to the inde&tigable etudy of naturt^ aai 
moral philoBOphy, uid of the metaphysical sciences, 
and, in 1770, be was i^pointod profeBsor of logic 
and metaphyBica. In 1781 he gave to the world his 
"Sritit derretneH Vermtn/i," or Critical Inquiiy 
into the Nature of Pure Beaaon, in which the at- 
tempt was nude to define the extent and limits of 
the capacities of human thought, and the fimda- 
mental principles of his philosophical system were 
first set forth, 

KuiT now studied the EngKsh language, in tmler 
to avail himself of the labours of the philosophers 
Loeke, Berkeley, and Hume ; and six years after he 
followed up his former publication by the " Sritik 
der griJctisohen Vemvnft" (Critique of Practical 
Zujason), a work of great erudition and profound 
thought, which, though written ostensively to com- 
bat the errors of the Scotch phUmopher, taught in 
truth a greater scepticism than that it denounced. 
In this work Eant proposed to himself and to his 
readers a boon of no trifling estimation in the Ger- 
man mind, — no less than to reduce both doubt and 
belief to the rules of an exact science ; and though 
in it " he spoke," to use the words of Haqenbaoh, 


" of the Bible and also of ChristiaiLity in tenna in- 
dicatiTe of the higheat reTerenc^ admittitig them 
to be designed as the medhun by which the know- 
ledge of practical troths ahould be generally diffiised 
among the people," jet hia moat attached followera 
cannot deny that the direct tendency of many of 
the propositions therein laid down Ib to deprive the 
Scripturea of any more authority than attaches to 
the Zendevesta or the Koran. One of these posi- 
tions in particular was Kaht'b argument against 
the necessity and utility of a historical &ith : aa a 
powerful English writer' exactly defines it — "he 
aasumed the ultimate judge on such questions, and 
on historical truth of any kind to be metaphysical 
not historical The living light within a man, not 
the dead letter firom any past age." A position at 
once invalidating the need of a revelation, and 
paving the way to its absolute rejection. 

OfKAMT's other worb the most important are — 
" iKfl Kritik der UrtheiUkraft " (Critique of True 
Judgment), and "IHe Beli^ion tnnerhalb der Oren- 
zen der hlo»»en Vemtmft " (Eeligion within the 
liimits of Beaeon only), 1793. He died in his 
native place on the 12th of February, 1804. 

Closely upon the appearance of Kakt'b second 
work, the "Critique of Practical Beaaon," followed 
the remarkable development of his principles in a 
volume, entitled "Verguch ^iner Kritik oiler Qffen- 
barutyen" published anonymously, and, until Kant 

1 Di, TuaBiii. 


496 dFvit*S^iAL [Si^'l SBnrte. 

announced ite author, luuTerBBlly ascribed to him- 
Bclf. This was the woA of Mb disciple, JoHAimi 
GtoTTLiEB FiOHTE ; but FioHTs's uext at«p wsa 
the publication of a work far more speculsitiye than 
the preceding — "Die WMtetischffttleJtre'^ (Doc- 
trine of Sciencee) '. Here he atill fiuther inculcated 
the rejection of all euch reTelation aa does not com- 
mend itself to the moral nature of man, ao-gning 
that that nature, being derived &om Giod,muBt sufGx^ 
for all purposed of his moral and spiritual well 
being. His later work, 1806, "Aiuoeimmg zum 
teligen Leb»n, oder die Seligiotulehre" was an 
attempt principtdly to establish an agreement be- 
tween his own principles and those of Christianity. 
FiOHTE died professor of philosophy at Berlin, in 
his 52nd jear, 1S14. 

The philosophers Fkies (b. 1773) and Jacobi 
(1743—1819) have devoted themselves (with the 
more gifted theorist Fiohte) principally to the ex- 
position and eitenaion of the philosophy of Kaijt, 
both disseminating their views under the guise of 
philosophic novels ', 

Passing on to Scheluno and Heqsl, we find in 
the "Absolute Intuition" of the one, and the "Ab- 
solute Logic" of the other, but difierent aspects of 

> Othm or Fican'i Friodpil itorki u 

i!*«i" (VMSlion of Mm), IMfl; (Qifl "Di, 

tiUeiirr,,' IMS. 

> "WMima'''iDi"JlliDili:BrUfia<im 

;-!.»■■ bjJ*COM,'V»«««rf 

now "XrUit ihr Ftrwuft" 


Sviebritl) ItStl^tlm HI.] »ibtTliaa—^tttl. 497 

the one broad princqile of the modem philosophy, 
tfiz. "the perfect and independent power of the 
human mind" to graep all knowledge. Many pas- 
sages, indeed, in the wiitinge of I'ichte would 
warrant us in the belief that, at times, his ideas of 
the Deity and of a fiiture state were clear and de- 
finite. Nor to Kast, and otheM among the philo- 
sophers, can it be denied that . they set forth and 
maintained in forcible and brilliaat language not 
a few important practical rules of duty. Natu- 
rally proud of those achJeTemente of the German 
mind, our dirinea have allowed them too &r to 
affect their judgment and infiuence their teaching — 
hare been led themBelTee, in too many instancee, to 
deal lightly with the truths of revelation ', and in 
some few to relinquish even the fiindamental doc- 
trine of an atonement. Stra.tjbs, indeed, the boldest 
among the Batioualiat theologians, in hie "ChrUt- 
liehe Glanbentlehre" (1841), denies in terms the 
divinity of Christ; and,inhiB"Z*6e« J«*«"{1835), 
may be conaidered ae refusing him other than a 
purely mythical and unreal existence '. Nor were 

il pallor, owtnf la lAt ilrang 

iDKilptnril IhioilHvhIch one 
wn permmed to idiun, Ihe 



498 Atari. [%eaitb<i. 

the bearings of the pUloaophy on oar theology 
more diswtrouB than ita affects on religion. To 
cite,in brief', fhewordsof the ableessajifit already 
qnoted, "FiCHTi'sphilogophydiffered&omKAirc's 
only aa embracing a more thorough IdeaUam, bor- 
dering on MytHciim; SoHXLLiita'a &oin that of 
his precnrsOT, Fichte, aa following the dim light 
of Idealinn into the depths of Pantheitm ; whilst 
the position of Hxoel ia that of a philosopher who 
reduced the ideas of SoHELLiNa to a new order by 
a new method. The first proposition in hi* body 
of logic ia that 'Being' and 'non-Being' are the 
same. The ' Nothing, the Something, and the Be- 
coming' make up Hzsel's Trinity. The Scripture 
saith, ' This ia the command of God that we should 
BKLiETx ' ;' but the true tendency of this philo- 
sophy ia to render belief of any kind the hardest of 
all possible attainments. Germany may, indeed, 

.-uDr. He.CinLHpniMi ll, "orpramtou 
m during bilf ■ eenliur." «u of lo itoiUing a chuKter, IhM Ma 

ilanl dfrlnu whethET It 

mm BOI upedieuc llu 

t It ihauld DA tuppnufd 

ughl, hmrcTer. and utvixtd olbFrwIie:— JfofiH 

<M HtUoj, M pr« 

d will p»i»a. ThB tn- 






"DanUI.- and ViTu'a 


t fa 


I Sib 



Stlill." tSltlKK 


. as. Th« VBry oppoilM 
d bj iho phlloiophlcsl tc 

loDC of iMreduUlj and 
rbollut. ofth. A,,, «dl 

mmu UlK UT«» 1 


-ould-be friend.: ,,3.. il 

». r>i> K. ).■.(.. _i< n* 





he proud of having given birth to such great intel- 
lects, but their influence on her well-being has been 
lees doubt&l than pofiitivel; injurious. 

Of the opponente of the TTau tutt philosophy, 
the accomplished poet Hjebdeb stood prominently 
forwurd with hia " Brtefe i&er da* Studiwn, der 
Tieologie" and his " ChrUtUche Schnflen," fol- 
lowed in the same course bj the orthodox writer 
OEOse MiiLLEB. ScHBLtiSG, aud the moderate 
SoHL£iXBMA€HEB ', the impuguer only of the Old 
Testament, were in like manner met by the pious 
and profoiind Jagobi, though the views of this 
learned inquirer after truth himself were not dis- 
tinct and eleca. Nor hare there been wanting at- 
tempts at reformation within both the Lutheran 
and the Eomish Churches. Of the former are the 
vigorous efforts of CLAtrsHABMs' andSiKTOKins', 
at a time when the existence of a certain life iu the 
Church was witnessed by the formation * of Mis- 
sionary and Sible Societies; of the latter, the 
evangelical and scriptural teaching of the perse- 

> FB»IIKli:HScnLElBltll4CHIII,ir«S~]S91— "Csftn-Jilll^UB/'ftC., 

■ Claui HiKui. b. 177e. In a iroik eulltled " DU U Thais aitr 
ThM'ittt^t Dr. Lulhrr'i, ziun baendern Jbiritckt brnrgl ii«ii mil andtm 
3S SHIm mrmiliu.'' 1917. Also In the painptalet (uiiwend b; Kbdg) 

> E. W. C. SAKTORiiiifb. 1797), FrohiiDT of Theology at EUnigtlKrg. 
In Iht work " Dit Rillglan murrllalb drr Grrmtn dtr blimta F.iTiii.ii/1, 



500 &ltiitiWttn—1itnptttAtra. [Scutibad). 

cuted MiBTDT Boos* and his fiiend Gosskeb. 
The argumeutB of the ultra-Eationalistic party, ex- 
preesed in the teaching of auch men as STBAiraB, 
and in the revolutionaiy doctrines of his associatea 
Bkuho Bau£s and LuDwie FEtrBBBACH', have been 
refuted in a maaterly manner by the works of 
Neandeb and Thoittck ; the former entitled " Dag 
Leben Je»u Ckrieti in seinem gegchichtlichen Zuaam- 
metihange und gemer gaschiehtlicAen Entwickhmff " 
(Life of Christ in its Historical Connexion and 
Hi8toricalDevelopment),1887; thelatter, "QlmA- 
vmrdigkeit der evcmgelucken Gegciichte" (Credi- 
bility of the Goapel History), 1838. Nor did they 
labour alone, but were encouraged by the cordial co- 
operation of all the eminent " orthodox" divines of 
the day — Olshausen, HENaaiBiTBEKG, NiTzscn', 


Haqembach, and Hatekmick;— " Men," as defined 
by one of themaelves ', " who seek nothing but the 
simple truth, and who would let this have its sway ; 
who have received from above that disposition which 
will not allow them to comply with the wishes of those 
for whom this simple truth is not good enough, nor to 
humour that unhealthy tendency of a false culture 

1 •• Silhilhloiraphit. 

■' Ed. .obG. 

OBSHEi, less. 

' Down to D«ii.» 

Uld NORK, 01 


Bt. Rabeit U. 

DDtBomaiy, A.M, ; 


ivtbaa will be toUEIIi 

.1 " Foreigq Theo- 

ogicsl Library." 


' (18441, 


' Nbxhdeb. In (»• 

> ■■Allfimii«c 


T," vol. 1 



£01^, «at^L, iLr-n.] Wrtitn 9rat«c|Ianli«. 501 

and excitement which can be aatiBfied only with 
the piquant and the striking ; men labouring toge- 
ther for one common end : to use the language of 
the great Eb&butts, ' Ut Chrittwi tile purue atgue 
simplex inseratur mentHut hommvm,' an end to 
which Hcience itself must eyen be aubaerrieut." 
The present religious systems of Giermany are the 
JJutheran Ohurch, the Soman Catholio (uniyersally 
prevailing ia Southern Germany), the Seformed 
Chi*rchei^ (CalriniHtic, or Zuinglian), and lastly 
the German Catholic* originating with BoNaE and 
CzEEaxi, who have united to form a Church upon 
the foundation of a few leading articles of belief; 
there are also no small number of Jeva, and of 
the followers of Imuanttbl Swidenbobo, besides 
innumerable sBcts. 

S3er<^uf ber jlKntif ber ))TaCt)fc(Kn SSetnunft. 
Vm 3- Sant 
]S^iwi jDinge trfiUfen U.i 0«miit() mit tmnwr ntuer unb ju» 
nt^mcnbec JBeuuntKtung tinb @t)Tfu[ii|t/ jt tftn unb an^b 
ttnber fi(l) bai 9ta{^bcRbn bamft befc^fligt: nJxx befKnitt 
fitmnttl iSxc ■am unb bag tnoratifi^e ®«f«t in mir." SScibf 
barf id) nii^t aU in !EmnltI^eiten imr^iUtt obn tm UtbttfdHiKnaa 
M/ea mUtt ntnmm @e(ic^HficeTfe fui^n unb blog tximultKn : 
i(^ fe^ fU HOC mir unb wrfnilpfe |te uiunitttlbor mit Um Ses 

I The lale king of Pruiili hu unlud ib* tutheru uiil ReTonilcd 

ByUng IhnoMlm 'JWi* Ktreim' {Ym Chnrchei). 


502 Stairt. [XEX. 3al!r^unb«rt. 

vugtfnn mttnn: Srtllen). Sol ttftt fingt von btm ^la^e oib 
bra id) in bet JiufincR Sinntnnxlt etnnc^Cf unb tnwimt bit 
JSedn&pfunef barfn ti^ ftt^t, im unabfilili^ Gttg^ nrit ffieltnt 
bbtt SBcIttn unb So^m tun e^llraiaif fibo^m noi^ in 
ennjenloft 3<Uen i^ pmobif<l)ra SJctwetmAi btren Xnfans 
unb gotfbautr. Hag jtwilt firgt wn mrinnn tmjtcfitboimt 
Stlblt mnner ^}»finl{d)!dt an unb fttllt mic^ in tino; SbU 
bacf bit UM^re Unenblicl)trit ^oti aba nut bcm iBnitai^ (pfiii> 
bai {ft( unb mit umIc^ (boburi^ aim an4 juoltid) mit aUtti 
jnicn (i(>)ttoen SBctten) id) ntici)( nidit wit bod in bloE iufiUligeri 
fonbn'n aQ^meincr unb notinmnbien SBntnfijifung obnne. 

lOtt tcftat Vnblid riner jaftlloltn SSettenntengc on:ni#ct 
ebic^am meine iSi(l)tie(rit oU dnrt t^ierif^tn ®(fi^ipf*( 
bai bi( SHaterie, baian* rt worti b«a ^lanrttn {tinem btoStn 
¥un(t im iScUaQ) witbn jutiulacbai mufr not^bcm ti tax 
bnge 3(it (man neif nid)t nrfe) nrit eebenSttaft tMcfe^ gt> 
nxfen. £kc jnxite tt^M basegen nieintn f&at^ aU etnet 
Snttltiaenj untnblitt) burift mrine 1>refbnli(l)leie( in ni(W)tt 
bag moralifi:^ ©efe; mit tin uon b«i S^in^eit unb f<clb|l sen 
btc ganjcn SinncmtMlt unab^&neiaiS W>tn offenboit, weni8> 
ftuig fo ml fid) aug btr inwdm&gigtn fiStftimmung mnnti 
2)afeine burd) biefet (Sefeg/ nxlil^ iri^t auf Scbingungtn unb 
Scenitn biefet Stbcni ein0efd)c&nlt i|b fonbetn inl Uncnbli^ 
gelit/ almc^mtn l&fit. Klldn SSenmnberung unb 3(d)tuns ttmifn 
ima juc Stac^oii'itune nijtni obn btn 9Raneel brcT^'^n "^ 
trfe^tn. aSa< ift nun ju t^un, urn biefe auf nuQbort unb bet 
ait)abraf)eit bet @tgtnftanbeg angemeiTene Krt anjulteEten? 
Setfpicle mGgcn ^bei jm SSarnunSf abec aud) gut 9lai!b= 
a^ung Mcntn. SDie fSkltbttcot^s fins >»" ^^o tKnlid)fien 
anblirfe an, ben mtnf^lii^ Sinne nut inimet ooi:lee*n unb 


StritiS k pTaStfdien S3tn»mp.] Stant. 603 

unfa akcfianb in i^rcm ivnUn Umfange iu Hrfolgen nur 
intmci; Dectiagen £ann/ imb enbigtc — mit iec SStnnbeutuns. 
iDU aeoial Png ntit bei: (bdften Sigenfc^p in bcr menft^Ut^ 
ti^otur ani bcten Qntmtdelung rnib Suttur auf unniblu^ 
9tueen ^inau6ft(l)t/ unb cnbigte — mit bee @ii)ni&mient obti: 
bem aberfllauben. ©o ee^ «8 alkn noc^ ro^en SBerfud)«v in 
benen bn DonK^mfte Si)fU beS ®cf(t)4fCet auf ben Sebcaui^ 
bee Oemunft anfommtr bei: nb^ \o wit ber @tebiaud) ber gilfe 
ft^ wn fellbft wmtittelfl bet fifteni Sueubung finbttt ooniefims 
ltd) nxnn n; Sigenft^ften bOaffti bif fid^ ni(l)t fo unmittelbiir 
in bet gemeinen Stfatming baefteSen laffen. 9lac^bem oberi 
mt n>o(i( (pit. tie SJlaiime in Stttmung ge'o'n'nn' >'>i«( all* 
SUptU coTlieT nw^I )u it&Rleeeni bic bie SJeenunft ju t^n 
mr^at, unb tie nic^t atiberS aU im ®Ce{fe einer wciKt nwljl 
{ibecbat^ltn fISetiwbe. iliren ©ong nuu^n |U lafeof fc bttont 
bie SBeutt^eilung bti a&eltgebAnbee eine flanj anbete 9Kd)(une 
unb mit biefer iugteit^ einen o^ Secgleidiung sUStBi^^an 
XuSgong. iDer JaK einee SteinSf bie tBenKQune einer ®^ubet 
in it)» Slemente unb babei fid) &ufittnbe Sxtftt anf^Itft unb 
motlemotifi^ beorbeitet/ itaift iUlefit bieiniiee Sate unb fur 
aOe Snhinft unwi&nbeclic^ @in|ui)t in ben SBeltbau l^ttooti 
bie bei fintg^ienbet JBeoba^ns ^ffen lannf fi(i) tmrnn: nur 
iu erroeiteni/ niemoB obw jUrMae^n ju muffen fiicditen barf. 
iOiefen ffieg nun in iSe^nblung ber nicraCifd)en ^nlagen unferrr 
9Iatui; gleidifoiU einjufdilaeen/ lann un( ieneS SSeif^iel an> 
rit^ig feinf unb ■{wj^ung su i^nli<l)eni guten iSTfoIg geben. 
9Qit ^aben boc^ bie SSeifpieK ber moralifi^ uctf)eUenben !Bers 
nun^ bei ^nb. iDiefe nun in ii)re iSienientarbeflriffe ju jet. 
glUbemi in Snuatigelung ber SSat^ematiC abec etn ber 


504 SKant. [«rit« b« praftif*en aJecnunfr 

eiltmie i^nlitljes ajrcfa^wn b«®d)eibung bcfi Smpirifditn 
voin Stationatetif bafl fit!) in i^nm corfinbcn m&d)t(> in tmtbeiis 
IlDlttn JOerfiu^ am gemeinen SSenfdienwiilanbe wrjunetimenf 
tarm unC btibct rein> unb ma jcNS fib fitf) oUeia Idfhn 
I&nntf mit ®raii|^ ttnnbac maiitn, unb fo tt)eiie bar iSeu 
tmmg dnra notl) ro^en ungeflton StutttKilungf tlieiU 
(wel4« nxit nitlngcr ift) b«n ®enitfd)n>&ne{n Docbeuecnf 
bunfl i«ti^/ mie e< non ^tbcpten be! @tdn§ bcr SMfi-n ju ge^ 
fil)Cf)Cn pfCegtr otjnt alte mett)Dbi|'d)e Stadifbrfc^ung unb JCenntnifi 
ber 9latur gtttlamtt ©dti^f wrfpro^n unb nw^ce oerfdileUi 
bm iMTbtn. suit rintm SBotte : 3Bifren|'(i)aft (tritifd) gefu^t 
unb nitf^btfd) ringelcitct) ifl bit tnge ^ortt/ bit juc JStiSs 
^fitllt^re fdtntr menn utitn bieftr ni^t blo^ iKrfEanben 
t^xb, mat man t^uni fonbfin nai Se^rtrn jur atii^tfii^ntu 
biencn fgUi um bm SBeg gui: Skie^f btn iebermann ff^tn 
fbUr gut unb bnntliti) ju ba^nen unb Xnbm doc SimHgfn ju 
fl^mit tint fffiilfenfttjafCf benn Kuftnca^nn jcbeqeit bit 
^fiilofop^ biriben muSi an becen fubtilrc Untetfudiung ba* 
|>ubUtum (einen Snt^ teeljl abet an ben it^en ;u ne^mm 
f)a(j bie i^m na^ dncr foIci)cn Staibeilung aattnrR »(^ ^d 
tinleudittn Knnen. 

3(u§ : ^fuUud unb SvagotaS, ober bie @c^&n^eit 
ber ©eete. 
Von $ittOl ;ff. jFtitt. 
jl^naKtnfd) begcfirt ju gnrie^ unb glitcQiti) {u frin. !Set 
abec bn (Slfidlii^ fri obcr ber UnglMKdiCf nad) ratlin Siaben 
bieficm obci icntm SStnfi^n bad ®Ii)<t obn: Ungliiif jugct^eitt 
fdf boC nHffo) wit nit^ unb Bnnen wir nl<^ wifftn. 8aft 


unS nui n&l)K in bag ititn I)incinfe^n i tie Au^n Umge: 
tungen alldn entfil)riben ^i« nidit/ unb i( genauer niir vtf 
Qbuljeni itfia me^c fbiben niu/ baf alUfi SKaag txffellHn Mne 
fe^ Stbeutung tube. SReinung unb StauiDi SSafin unb 
Dt(l)tun9 fpielen mtt b«n OSebanfrn Don ®tili* unb UnglfltJ 
unb tanUa jcbn ^(ffung ben fDtaafiftab. 

graet ^entmi »et bann ber ©IJiiflidw frf, einige iwrben 
arttwotten : bet fRniitr Sefunbe, SHSrfilfgd bem unter beffen 
^inbtn aXlti urn tl)n tier grbei^t. ^brr nil mimn btefe et 
mit i^em SSpruc^l gouRirit, Dummlieit/ S^eetj unb ^b= 
Fu(i)t fSnnen bent fo beefinlHghn oUe biefe Strtlieile miebei 
raudem itin iu tnnerm 6!(1 unb llnru^ Derbommtn. Sitfn: 
©ptruc^ gttt iii(^ rinem 9Henfi^n in fic& felbfo fonbmi nuc 
bem Snbenif btr it)m jujie^ unb {^ nun fagen tarn : beine« 
UnaWtK ©c^lb hisp bu ftftjl. Sffiit op i|l niiljt bn: ame, 
^inCUdy unb @d)B)a^ tieitenr unb gufnebenci alB jenei^ 

Mnberc nxrbai fogen : (o gitt ee nidtrf ! ©et geifHg ©tarte 
ip bo: ©Iiidli^, ber, bent ei gelingt feineS @t{fkB Jtrifte gti 
funb ju entfatten. aiSol)(l Kber aud) t)in wtgleit^ i^r 
ftnnbcB &l^al 3(bre bet (id) nur SufevUd) beengt pnbet 
unb nod) mlt Sfolj in bie eigtne SBni|t blicCen tann, finbet in 
biefem 0elb(igtfii()l oolte entfdiibigung. 5Det aWSwcgnilgfe, 
bem bn @toIj bleibt, ei Tei bcr Sblei nut in feinen Umgebungen 
tiegt bie SBtroerfung — fi^n ein Seber, b« fein SStlbft nit^t 
mit bem einrt 3Cnbem ijertaufd)en mitlj ift bee ®lii(Hid)e, Iw 
oSnig (Seifkflmofte afwt imtb nut felten, nur iMt6bet9e^(nb 
fid) feinet dgnen Cf)nmi:i^t betcufit 

3d) ftage nwitn : met i|l bet ®lfl*id)t, bn: gteubige obet 
bet Stauttube ? SSte oft fe^tt bfln gt'u&i8«n ^ Seftnnung, 


606 4f rfrf. [XrX. Sa^unbtrt. 

bit titn ICugmbliit in f8<fi( nimmt — bascefa, nit oft vttlitbt 
fi4 Nc STdutenbc in fnne Ztavn, baf tbm tie Sianei i^ 
n^bene €ktinfud)t unb fa baS SSptcI frinei itbtai nmb. (£nbc 
lii^ barf t^ eu^ \a bit Sc&fttdn @«i>o^nVit nraneitf btc Sllci 
autglriifitnbt. Sic nimmt Urn Wtsmat bm Sta^d bo: 
Snube ben ®Ian|i lAft bat UngaoofinU taufenbfad) ecniefkiif 
bal ®cao^ Id4t mragen. 

Sat totm uM atfo ber no^I It^nr bet aui Aufinn Utn> 
gtbungm unC b<K @IUid loin fu^ lafftn ? Stur 9))itttl jum 
Siwilf wn bmtn no(i) unentfc^eben iHi mt |ie ffit ben 3»«l 
aulfalten iwrbcn. Sudten nir atfo tint 2tt)» bee 3SetG^itt 
nxUfie ben omnittttbaren imtd unb 9Bcrt^ bti SBcnfi^nUbenj 
Hat tniuiien foU» fo werben reir ftfeon um beS ^itr iStfagten 
ivinen ni(^ ju fragen ^abeni teit bcm <Siiit nadyuiagfn feL 
Unb no(^ mttn: : nvitb ni(i)t in unfecn ^igen eefjien otietbtultb 
baf webci: @tnuf unb ®t&iti nod) and) tBott^tite unb 9luVn 
iigntb dntr Ttit baSjcnige fticn/ n<at bcr @ebilbete ba< waffce 
^ft @utt ntnntn mi^ti baf IStnuf unb Sictt^ bai nic^ 
finb, wai ba SKenfii) im tieflbn Snnern bege^ unb nriH 
fonbmt baf im titf[ten Snneni beg ®<i{teS nut bet innnt 
IQkrt^'bea tigntnSebtnletnannt isiib. iDenur waj btn trfbn 
RM^tn iBntt) ^/ n>tib la nUtft nneber auf ei)i anbetrt ^ 
oeifen oU rcintn ^arni bent e( bicncn foICf fonbem ti miif 
fni fii^ fetbft gelten. 

eo Ia|t un« jueilt @tnuf unb Stflct Hrgkiflien. XSii ft^ 
bat SXenfditnltbtn beni SSpitt ntei^tbibei: iBtgibiftlgunoin nnb 
•^emmungen burd) iufen @infliifft ber Slofuir au((|tie(t — 
unb nta$ i|l ber SBe#l »on iBergniieen unb CS^ei) anbert, 
aUlSefOlilbieret^^ingieteitS SBaS ift QUikcC anbK:«, OU bit 


3£us: „3utiu* unb ffiBagotai."] ^tit». 507 

fi^re fiagt bee Sebikftifltni in tccld^n n bei 9XittcI etraif i^ 
feint Seb&fnijfe btfricbteenju I5nncn? @enuMnb ®I{tct finb 
imr ivttvt BegAnftisuneeiv bie nnl ni^t um i^nr fetbft tsilltn 
fltlten ttnmn, \on'btm mz, nvil |t( btm flt{f%n Hbtn btA 
atcnfdini bientn. SQIiTe imi bM foben felbfl glddigiUtiar mat 
Unnten una bann bit aSittcl ftinet |td)em IfnfdfdiUTis fAt tine 
jBebtutung fiaben ? 

2itfec olfb atl btc IBunri^ bet ®tnufTei litgt in unrtrm 
@eiftc b» @(ban!e bet SBtrt^i dKlt^n bai Mtti '[tXbft ttigt. 
iDa^ Unntn rait unTern SBun^ (ridtf Abtr but ganjt Spiel 
Don Snub' nnb^rib^ulbniltn. £ai tbtn if) bit Sctngung 
bet nunf<^i^ itbttUt bt^Hnm gwif(I)en inftm .^emniunfltn 
unb iBeg&nftigunecn fpitim lann i eifiatn unb ffitrgnAetni 
@Itnu^ unb folben jmb abei bit Stit&tt t>itfe« SpitU. iCit 
@eIb|l|Unt>iettit tinec r4 fni geltaUfflbeni bebfii:^flofen 
etbtni mite m(f)T, ^b^ ait olltt <SlM in btfritbigten On 
bfitfnilftn. Qin foh^S ^tbftfUntif/a fititS Ctbtn iviiTbt ab« 
mtber JSergnAatn nod^ Si^mtt} Itnnen unb bod) iv&r ti 
ni6nf4entotrt{|tr oU btibt. 

SJtTsItti^ nut btn @tR)inn bet dnfaciitin Sitttn untei btn 
©tbilbtten bei un< mit btn tcant^^n mobifi:^ Setbilbunetn 
bet SSSffet urn unfl ^. 

XM aStnTciien JtBertti litgt ni^t in bent, mat tr (tibtt, fans' 
beni in btnv ttat et tljut Son btm, mai ec ttjuti niitb abtr 
fetntr nid)t bafl btn ma^ 3Bttt^ bt^innnen linntn/ nwrin 
fein £tben ftgtnb linet ZHen^botftit untettitgt/ fonbttn nur 
iMtt mmn it (ttl) rait tisnet @il)tn^ geftoltet. Xmin bafi 
im ^aVn unb Siott^ ni^ bti bgtt Siotd bei <OIenfd)cn' 


508 Srit*. [Xu8:«3uliuaunbeDaaotae-" 

Ubtnt (M^lttn frii ixTfteI}t fid) son ftt&ft. HSit ®aiit^ unb 
SBtr^cug nui baffo gclobt ttxtben magr ba^ H rinent i^m 
Mrgtf(t)ri(b(iKn 3n>ed bicncf fo i|l te ia ntit altent SioitlieU unb 
Ktigcn ) tiin ifl trie wm tt^n ^toedf fonbein xaa oon SOHtteln 

ffiti ncnnen aBa^i^, @d)in^t unb boi @uU ale bit 
@iuiibe(ftalten bit ma^xfyi^ iabaoroatfyn tibtni, fo abn, 
baf bU Xnfotbenms btl (Bttttn itnmi dgiun ^diflen @pru4 
Iwt, b«n ifber anben fii^ unterorbnet Utib me entfprinaen 
um bieft 3bMn? Sinjig auC bn Kufgabe bet fc^incn @eftal= 
tung unTciJ gdfttgtn eebtne. 

SBa^tfKit ift bat tSefefi bti Srltrintni^ SrlenntniS abet 
ifl bit «ib ©ninbtage itt gtiSiS"' astnfttjtnlebtns. J)u 3bM 
bcr aSa^lKit fotbect, bap bet: <IXin\ii innere ^lartKit bee @e: 
bontene geiviiiner fid) bte Sinfii^t felbjl fifiaffe unb biefet VuS^ 
bUbung bei Sinfi^l unb jebec Hxt ber Sirfenntnig ttieilt fte 
riittii unmttte(&ai:en innnm SBert^ ju, meil in iljc baS Sebtn 
unfere (StifltS fl4 f(R>ft geftaltct. 

3m eeben unfnfi ®ei|M i^ nun mbtn in QitenntniS @es 
taiU^ boS gnxitt unb bit 3^at ba$ bntte. 3Qo abw bag ®e= 
mfif^ lid) unablj&ngiger con bet X^at gcflalteti ba ift baS ERefd) 
ber 3been beS ®i^nen. &o offtnCunbtg au^ bie 33tad)t biefti: 
@d)bn^ bem @elii(beteii mta uni fein magf fo blieb bai bo(^ 
bei anbem SiOern lang gang anbeiS. 9Sie ceine @<l)6nt)eit 
aberoU ber Xnttnbigung bet; Sbeen beS aitttitfjen fiebenS in 
nnj bienti ia wie ber liRenfd) einjla in i^c boi ®bttliije faffe, 
bag ifi itiieber nur burc% bit .&ecrlid)feil urrfert iffenflicfeen 
itbmi unb bte @infad)^t unfrer SieliaionSIetirt unfi fo niel 


®Dtt unb bn 3Srnfi^.] ^acobt. 509 

leicfetrc fiat genwrten unb mufi (* no* me^r unfa aUgtmcinei: 
nwrfaettr nenn fid^ bie Sintnei^uns unfni Sugfiib alln falfct)en 
aSilbet mtfjiUt 

jDit Siting unfitr iDi4)tung in ilgin: S^Iboung btr att 
goooUigen 9Sa(f)t, b«i; tiefm frommen SSfboitung altec Sftotitt! 
fd)tn^r in il)»n tinf(»t)en Sbtatn btt fittlid^en Stcaft bet 
SittK unb greunbftfeafi i Me einfad)( ®rifit unfret Saufunft, 
bit trine gotm unfret fflilfa^auetti unb SHalftei unb bl* crine 
St^btniKit unfrec SCRufK fpnc^t unS in unfmn tffnitlic^n 
itbtn bae SSefcn inx SBegrifietung unb ben ®ei% bet jut Vn^ 
bac^C fii^Tti nxit [e&enbiget unb floret auSi ale in ben @>fe 
brfudien anberet ffitltet. ■Bie tolje unb ftedje 5BJiberfpen(iiateit 
bet &tm&t^ gtgen biefe fdnetr Xujbilbung be§ ®c(6n^eitb 
geffl^I* ill bet ftyinimpe JBibetfiatt f4r bie OTtbitbete Bitfe 
unfier 9tai^barn. 

®tteng geliietenb {b^ ber @eban{e tt^abenet Snforbetungen 
in (S^i ®eie[()tigfeit unb gt6mmtg{eit Dot betnet Seek, abet 
ti ffl bfefe* @ebct ja nid)t ein ftemfaeS ®tbot, untet ba6 bidi 
ein ^nbetet jwingl j eS ifl bet teinfle @elKinf e beineC eignen 
eieifteS, beflen ^lige giot^wenbigfeit bit nut beinen tignen 
wa^rlbn SBiOen nennt 1 £etm nut bii^ felbft cetftetKn unb bu 
finbepi &af bein eignec SBille, KBiitbe unfa Xxaft beiwS eignen 
aSefenC bat ^iet oUein iSefutfaette {inb. 

©ott unb tm anenfc^ '. 

Von ff. K. $acoii. 

j^ix 3ltenfil).^at nut bteft aSa^l: entnebet KUrt aui tinem 

obet VUei auB nid)te ^etjulriten. iCem nid)ts jtelKn robe baS 


610 JImbi. [Son bni g6ttlt(^n 2)ing«i 

tint wc unb gtboi i^ bm Katntn @ott( ittril bU< nne not^ 
iMnbifl rinrt fcin maf, abet rt m&rt untn rincnt anbon 9tamni 
ipicbcT nitr bofftlbt cin altgetneinet ntddtg i latt nKfentliil^ un> 
bt^mmlt unb bod) allb(|limintnbt { jnut Unbing bet Unntbe 
Udmi bet ¥(atOib lanfer anbttrt unb anbecrti oltee unb nii^ 
nneif nn offtnbar unmiflddKt. tin nodb nKnignr aiS tMtA. 
Qinet olfo ift bai einc < unb bicfn dne mac unb mufite frin twr 
aUnn anbenn unb onbenn i tin tint* o^nt anberrt : bit IBotb 
bnnnunfKit M SItfni, bit JBolItonimea^ beg aBa^ttn. Z)et 
!Dttnf(i)cn SrtnmtniS iff auf UnwOCDinmni^ stgnbibtt/ nnt 
fttn XJoftin. Sa^rt in {^ ienti axiftn immn; nur twn einctn 
auf dn anbait o^ Qnbt. 3n QHri^fftn aOrin fit^ unb 
nbrnirt btr SStnfd). ^( unKteilcu^bate fittiet unb nbnntt 
n nii^t : fii% fKbjl nic^ ben nontn ®eift t unb fc auc^ @ott 
vi^t ben miec^t^ftni. 9in umxrglciil)ban«( dn eintj lite ^ 
nnb 0^ onbereS iff bci aXtnfd) fid) felbft bui^ feintn @d|l 
ben eieent^fimli^en, burd) nwli^en er bee iff, ber re ifti biefer 
tint unb fein anberet. HM biefen einen, btt aOdn iff bitftr 
dne unb beifelbe bldbt untec dSm migtic^n SSec&nbtiungtnr 
finbtt a fi$ nid|t tcfl tiintntmii^ buc^ ®dbffHrgIet(^e, dn 
SBtfen beS !a3earifFe£i bat iff btt blofen SinbiUning) benn 
tOKin ff^ifilje bie JSngldcfaung unb StnbUbung! ttwrin niicbt 
bat fttbff bem ftlbffe gldd)? unb was win baS nod) nid)t 
gldi^ttte fctbfl, baS felbff nod^ o^ne dgneS fdn unb bleiben, 
bai bui4 gleicfHtngldi^ unb iufammenfe^n, bntd) oettnAp^ 
etff ju einem felbfit nrit tigtntm ftin unb bldb<n> mit ®tIbRs 
fein nidi:be ? SBae enMid) vaAitt aOii bitfel ? — (St pnbet 
fii^ oil biefet SBeftn burd) tin unmitttlbareir non Srinnerung 
wieangtntc ^uff&nbt unab^ngiget S&efen^eiHgtfi^Ir nii^ 


tinti i^ Dffcnbanua.] ^ato&f. 511 

buTi% edenntnif 1 er aA% er i|l birftr e!nc Sine unb bcrftOtt 
bn trin anbnxr ffl nod) nxrben loniv Bwil unmtttelbarc 
■Sriftd^notfi^eit Don tern ®tl|hi oon ter Set&fttKiti non bn 
6u6(lantto{t&t nnjtctrennlid) 1ft 

iCtT (n fid) (clbfl gtmillt Scift bel 9Kenf(^ btbotf al>n )U 
feinnn QScIb|Uaiitt bn; 3SilIautt 9tatur unb <Sotti,um fefn 
iDafein aufijufpnd)tni obn Tid)tign : n: ift tdn idnn: eclbfb 
taut fBril re lU) ftlbft md)! auafpredjtn lanm oI)n( Soft unb 
Utatut mtt auf jufpredienr unb jniat foi ba^ biefe Dottktn : fa 
nirig «, baS « b« atWntflt ni<^ iff, iwnfgfhna mit btt= 
ftlbtn Skmlf^f nwmit er n>ri$, ba$ «: ifl j bejcuat baS nm 
iljnt una6f)&n^ iDafttn onbcnr {t)m i^nlii^ unb nniimG'^ 
jQtfen aufiCEf ne6«n unb ntn- iS}m> mft becfelixn JCrafti ii»mit 
a bat eigne iDafein fic^ bti<ugtt. Si flt^Uti erfi^ utfpr&iS' 
Ii(l) unb (ann et aud) eriennenr bafi feine Sklb^inbtQfott loit 
frint Xb^&ngigtdt einetfd)TJIntt t|t ; bo^ n tbtn fo notljiDenbig 
tinet nor fein fann unter anberenr umniglid) ein trfta unb 
Hi^igtr ) ait tti um gu feiiv einK untn anbctren not^nMa 
ft(n muff einei unb tein anbem j ein felbftft&nbietlf t(n niTf= 
Ud)(i, rin perfintidieS SBeftn. @ott oOein i|l bn tint, b«r nur 
einer t)i, bet alteinigt S « ift ba* eine o^ine anbecee im au6> 
nt^tnben, im ^mint eSinne4 in feintm Sinnc ttnn: nut 
untn anberin/ fein etnjelneB, buri^ SBiv unb SSilbafein Ua 
bingtcS ffiScfen. fonbem ba« autfdjlitflii^ in fic^ felbff gmugc 
fame, unbebiitgt |tIb|lflAnbiae, iai aUein ucOlemmenei aOein 
gonj U)a^d)afte SBefcn. SBit ? Unb btefet ®Otb ntil cc not^ 
twnbig' QoOtommtni in flc^ felbft gtnugfam, alfo (ein cingtlntS 
ffiefen, baj ift, fein 3nbisibuum nur ouS unb unlet tintr 
SotCung i% ec fotttt botum not^wenbig nine @elbftbcwuftfetn, 


512 Si^tobi. [JBon bm e&Widjen Ztingcn 

D^nt ^t^bttliijttit, Folglic^ aud) c^ne Srniun^ T^ mfiffen? 
ffir fcUtf J iwtt er lein rinsffi^Jinftefl/ ab^nfligeS — unoclfc 
totntnenta aBeftn fdn lann — not^ioenbig Sfti^tjxrfoni 9li^° 
inttlUgeni fdn? — Ztarumi iwU ec unbcb&ftig bcr 9tatUT( 
unttetnkftig btr 0{nnIid](eit, in ffim felbfl aUdn bae Eeben ^atj 
roril (r in leinon SMnne 3)afrin, ertemitniS unb ffio^r^ 
nefemenb, fonbren &baaU unb fdjlEt^tetbingS nut gebtnb f|t: 
bonim foUte tr feltfii n aQein — feini bti nii^t ifb bet unc 
Kbenbise? 3a, btr nid)t iit; nUljt fik pd) unb i^baaU ttidft I 
iDenn tin ®cin tifyiK <SSt[b|tfrin ift bureaus unb aOgemein um 
miglicf^ (Sin SSeEbftftin abn: o^ne iBcnrnftTein, unb tineba ein 
SaouSlfcin oline ^elbfibemuftfein, o^ne SSubftanjiatit&t unb 
ntni^tnt anseltgte ^er^nlidibit, ooinonimen tben fo unmb^ 
lii^; (inrt twc iai anben nur gtbanhnlofn aBortfdstll- Kifo 
Sott ift ni^, ift bal 9tif))trei(nbe im ^i<^n @tnne, menn er 
xAAit on @(i|l ift i unb n tft !rin @a^ twnn i^m bie ®runbs 
deenrd)aft beg @ei|be, bal ®<Ibftbeniu^dn, @ub|lan)ialttat 
unb S>«ISnU4bi( mongelt 3|1 « abn !ein <Mfti fo ift et 
and) nit^t ber Xnfang bn Singe, in fo fern fie SSiiUidiEeit 
unb Wfl^reS SSkfen ^benj benn bai erjie ill not^nbiB 
fiberon, no (tnuE motir^ft ift, Ut ©eift : (€ ift (ein tiufitel 
@ein nod) Safein m&glidv auger im @ei|b unb bur^ einen 
©eift. tm gefunbe mxft unotrtfinflelte SJecnunft ^ an bet 
ffiSa^^it biefec ©S^e nie aejroeifelt. 3^ Mrfle^t efi fid] wn 
f(Eb|1, bag Umwfen nii^t ba< aSefen i eln ®ninb bet Uni>einunfC 
nic^ al& Solge DemfrnftigeS unb bie SJemunfC ; tin bummeS 
Ungef&^ nid)t aSciSfieit unb SJetftanb i bai tobte unb tbbtenb« 
nid)t bai lebenbige j unempfinblidjer ©toff nidjt bie empfinbenbe 
SSeele, Sifbe, aJorfotge/ aufopferung, ®tt(rf|lig!eiti bad iet= 


unb i^rer Dffenbnruna.] ^acotii. 513 

tl6nnbe nid)t ba« fi^f^bt unb orbmnbe j fiber^aupt ba* Qf 
lingere aiH \t\nin SSittelni nic^t bai tit^n unb belfert ^m«[< 
btingtni fti^ \t\i>ft a\xi iid) allctn ba)u wnSton unb batin 
aemanbeln tattm fo mcnig allmfiltg/ baS t|l mit bcc blofen 
Keren ^afe einre felofen keien 3dti aK o^ne 3cto«rlauf pI66= 
tirfi unb in (inem gtu. Xbnr tin ®ft|l ! ftountjl bu — (in 
6kif[i nit tann (t tttoai au^et fi(f) ^ervrabringen i ttmaS au^ 
iljm roirflidjcS — anbete ©eiftn? asie etnsQS t^m flanj (nt= 
QtgtnstfcSttC: tine finnli(t)e, ma(melte SBelt? — aSit tann 
auS bem Smigen tin Knfang (ommen ? aSet foget btr, baS avi 
i^mpmnf bu dnen^nfang nenntft. getomnien fet? — Unbn>a£ 
mtinefi bUf nwnn bu Don anfinglict)(m unb nnanfinglidfcm tebtfll 
Aann|! bu fageui bu ft^ itgtnb etnaf oon btr ma^r^fl tntfb^n 
unb roo^rliaft oergelien ? Ebec nrngfl bu (agen, H fei hin Jlns 
fangtn unb (rin Mufliir«ii tS Mrfinbtn ^d) in SBaljr^ ni^i 
nii^ts ntftt^t noik txrgttKi Klbfi (ei ot)ne Sianbtl? 2tnt6 
vttWUt bit bit aJemunft j bieft£ ein ber Bietnunft unb lCn= 
f{|)n nxnigfbnS glfii^a unn)ibKJl(t)lid)el Qeffit)!. — 3Qa« iai 
Utbrige bttrifft/ fo ftaant bot^ lutrft baiiiber, bag nur ttmai 
fei unb tuiitei obei; leugncr baf ei irgenbmo etn @m unb 
SIciben gcbc. ^iet int SKitteEpuntt btS UnbterttfttdjRir wo ti 
bt^ ganj umgtbt/ befinne bid) unb n>&^k> ob bu bii^ mic 
biefent Unbtgrriflic^n in Sreunbfdtaft obei: gtinbfc^afl ju bcs 
foffen ^abefL Suc^ft bu nid)! dberall ein erflti i unb tann 
dn eifte£ it btgdfftn wcrben! Unb mat toitVt bit baS erfter 
mcnn e8 ntdjt Utfat^ ntite? — Unb woS wS« bii: Ucfai^ — 
mcnn fit nirc, mad nte ifl? 

^tt Denueile unb |tnnt nai^r titftr unb tUfei I 3t imU= 
tDmmentTf fhUre unb ceintc bu in beinnn Snnerlbn bii^ 

VOL. U. L 1 


514 JLtif\iitr ftitMt. [3aMW'«"®ott u.b.ffllmri^*' 

fnmitutnivlTlt; bc|to bettOic^ nrirft bu vam^mtn: Sc ifll 
— btc bol Suae eonaait ^at : Hi fitf^tt 1 bn bai Cf)c ge^ 
ipfloiiit ^ot: Sr tihetl bet biei ^eci ixteitrt ^t: Sclitbtl 
bn bitftn ®<ift ant fid^ gcbonn I}at: Qc wilC, unb indPi 
nub ifll 

To gire anything like a complete riew of the 
religious literature of Qerm&ny would be a taak of 
no small extent, for tlte number of theological works 
announced in the half-yearly catalogues of the great 
&ir of Le^zig seldom exceeds (if we except that 
relating to "politics and social economy") by less 
than half that of any other one class of literature. 
Of these the larger proportion are usually Protes< 
tant. The Soman Catholic works, which embrace 
dmost all those of a doTotional character, are known 
by the sign ^ attached. 

It would be difficult for the English reader to 
form any accurate conception of the operations 
of the Leipzig book-fair. Scarcely an author in 
Europe of any merit but is represented here by a 
traniQation of his works, and that, in most in- 
stances, ably rendered. Nor in original productive- 
ness is Germany equalled by any country. To use 
the words of Menzel, " We have become a nation 
of writers ; and, having invented the printing-press 
for ourselves, keep now indefatigably the great 
machine at work." According to his computation, 


^^toflie.] XatttrtofMnitfrliattrn. 615 

fourteen years ago the number of volumes published 
annoally in Germany exceeded "ten millions;" 
they must now fall little short of twelve. The 
following is an approximation to the numbers of 
new publications usually found in the classified 
Iieipzig catalogues. Under the head of — 

Theology 360 Oeognphf 150 

PhilOBophy 30 Modem Langnsges . . 100 

Politics 300 Philology .... 1001 

Natnral Hiatory, &c. 140 * 

Medidoe 100 

Agtnmomf and MaQie- 

Fma Arte 160 

History and Biograpby . ISO Domeetic Economy . 

One word respecting the "periodical" hteratiire 
of Germany, and our work is done. This litera- 
ture, which ia of the most extensive character, 
has continually exerted a decided Influence on the 
intellectual condition of the nation, and has been 
the means of disseminating a vast amount of leam- 

SatoralPkth: I 

Uol(eKtor1i(U«)Uch«lliD ' ' I Hmu(r(H 



616 ^ttialffitit Kfttratur. 

ing and talent. Claeaic literature, politics, philo- 
sophy, theology, Judaism, art^riticiam, architecture, 
miisic, and the drama, all are abundantly repre- 
sented ; nor are the young forgotten in this copious 
supply of passing literature. 


WUirkS on ^ennan iitcraturt 


Adeldns (J. C), Ueber den dentsch™ Styl. 1 voL 6t. 
Baus's Galeiie der bBriihaitesteii Dichter. 8to. 18D5. 8«. 
BOVTEB.WECK (F.), Geschiclite dor DeutachenFoeaieiindBered- 

samkeit eeit dem Ende des 131«n Jahihmiderta. 4 vols. 

QottiiigeD 1819. il. 3f. 
Chaltbaus (H. M.), Historische BntwicMung der specuUtiven 

Philosophie von Kant bia Hegel. 8to. 1S48. Be. 
EiCHBOitM {J. G.), Geachichte der Idtteratur, von ihrem Ur- 

spruni; bis anf die nenesten Zeiten. 6 vols. 8to. ISIKt — 

1828. 61. 
Encyclapiidie der deutedien NstionsJ- litteratiii, ha^oagegeben 

Ton O. L. B. WoLFT. 8 vols. 8vo. 1834—1812. SI. 3». 
GEB.VINDB (G. G.)i Geachichte der poetischen National-Li- 

tenitur der Deutechen. 6 vols. 8to. Leipzig 1847. Si. 18>. 
GsiuH (J.), Ueber den alten Meistergesong. 1 toI. 1811. 3«. 
Hagjcnbacb, Lebrbucb der Dogmengescbichto. 2 vols. Sto. 

1848. 14*. 
HEIN81D8 (T.), GescMchte der deutschen Litteratnr. 12mo. 

1S43. 6>. 6d. 
Hbnse (C. C), DentBChe Kiditei der G«genwait ertiutert. 

STheile. 16mo. 1842. 11.. 
Hebdeb. (J. G.), Ftagmente iiber die aeneie detttsche Litte- 
ratnr, 3 parts. 1768. 7»- 6d. 

Kritisdie WaUer. 3 parts. Bvo. 1769. 7»- M. 

Hiu-BBBAND (J.), Die dentache Nationallitteratoc aeit Lessing. 

3 vola. 1847. 1(. 3>. 
HoaN (F.), Die schone Litteratnr Dentscblands im lOtan Jahr- 

hnnderU. 2 vols. 8to. 1813. 9l. 
Die Poeaie und Beredsamkeit der Dentecheo von Luther 

bis jetzL 4 Tab. 1839. II. 10>. 
JdBDBN (K. H.), Laucon der deutachen Kditer und ProsMsten. 

6 vols. 1811. 3l.3i. 



KoBEKSTBiN (A.), Gnwdrisa der Geechicbte der d 

NatJonal-LitterstuT. 3te AuSage. 8vo. Leipzig 1837. S*- 
LUSINO (6. E.), Homboi^ische Dramaturgie. 1839. 61. 
H*bbach(G.O.), Uebermodemelittersttir. 3 vols. 1838. 9>. 
Mbnzbl (W.), GeacMchte der dentacheiL littentor. 4 vols. 

12ma. V. ]0t. 
NoasXLT (F. A.), Lehrbuch der dsutsdien littentni Kr du 

wribUch« Gesclilecht. 4 Tok. 1833. ISt. 
Pkdtz(R.E.), DnrGottrngarDichterbimd. Leipzig lUl. 6*. 
RaiMHiTE (P. W.), Leilfcdm in einem wisaenschaftlicbeB Ud- 

traridit der deutschen Gnminatik und JAUtntat. 1 lol. 

1844. 6$. 
R0BBNEB.ANZ (K.), Znr Geschichte der deatscheo LitteTBtar. 

1830. 61. 
ScHATBK (J. W.), Handbach der Ckechidite der deatadien 

litteratuT. 1 vol. 1842. 6f. 
SoBOLL (GiBBilrBB), Deutsche Littentar-Geschicble in Bkt- 

gnphim. 1841. 9>. 
ScHLBOBL (A. W.), VorleBnngen liber dramBtJuke KlUMt und 
Utteratai. 2 toU. 1846. 7i. 

(F.), Geicluchte der altea nod neoen litteratnr. 2 voli. 

1846. St. 

StSbbb (A.), Gescbidite der gchaaen Litta«tur 6a Dentacben. 

1843. *». 
Thiuu (P. L. J.), Littentnre of QemiBii;. 1844. 7t. 
Tuck (L.), Dranuitn^sche Bliiner. 2 vols. 1826. 13i. 6if. 
YAfttiaAOEN VON Ensb. Tennischte Schriflea (zni Besdirei- 

bung; det litteiBtnr). 4vo1b. 1843. IJ. 111. 
ViLMAB (A. F. E.), VoTleBQDgen iiber die Gesdkichto der 

deatschea Nadodallitteratut'. 1 roL 1346. 10«. 
WACBI.BB (L.), Handbnch der Geediicbte dei denlscheD lit- 

teratur. 4 vols. 1833. 2'. 2a. 

VorlssongeD iiber die Geschkbte der dentKhen NktlonBl- 

litteratur. 2 vols. 8fo. Pranltfiirt. 12«. 

Wolff (O. L. B.), Die acbiiiie littenttor Eoropa's in der 
neaesten Zeit. Leipzig 1S32. 12<. 

GiLBEKT & RlviNGTON, Printcn, 81. John'i Square, London. 






Paenftei, ^;«Ddart, F^jmarded ta 


Dediealad bg AaOoriiy to H.R.H. Oe Prince Albert. 

A Guide to German Literature. 

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London tdition, 1849 

!t Diction BTj. SpirMiiil. 12mo. bd. 1849 7 6 

&. HILPERrS Complete German and EngliBh and Engli 

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' ■- Leipzig 9 6 

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NOEHDEIJ'S German Grammar. 9th edition. 12mo. 

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11. Key to the EiiOTd«8> . . . 70 

12. BERNAY'S German Crammar ... ib. 050 

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14, Esainplei,formingaKe)'loEierei»ei ti. 30 

IG. LEBAHN'S Pncticil Grammar, including Exeidies, Fouqae's 

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BD important lubjcd 

School Teachers, and the Secret of their 

Paver. Br the Rev. Joan Hardino, A.M., Sector of St. Andmr- 

by-the-Wardn)be,with8t.Aiin'b,BUckfiian. IBmo. Fonrlli thouiud. 

Price Id. 100 copies it. 
" The Secrel oT a Teachei'i pown U the Teuher'i nobint ^m : and oolr h 
Ek u that rlgbl aim In kepi in view, will llw Teachei'i laliouc Ik a real bleittng. 
TJieie pa«ea are moat trajonable in their appeannce, for gnat etferti are beii^ 

bflcoine bot-houie planta, and lege In real strengLb what they gain in outwajd 

Hetiopolilan^^alntna Inilltutfon. Let the nanageit of that Inatltuiion adhen 

will attend their tabourt,"— CAurcik n/fnjfaml S. Sdiaal aiurlrrli. Sept. ISW. 
" Such are the viewi of education enterulnid b; thii succeiior or RomahM. 

"A Tei? excellent diBcouree, well dewrriug wide eiiculation."— CMktcA of 
Mmsland ilBgatim, Sept. XHii. 

Christian Education the Safeguard of a 

People. By the ReT. William Hahrison, A.M., Rector of Birch, 
Easei, Chaplain to H.K.H. the Duke of Cambridge. DemySio. Prkek 


SocTtll fRmit. 

A Collection of Psalm and Hymn Tunes, 

with A copiaua TaTiety of SiDgls and Double Chanti. Being b Selec- 
tion of ttorling Sacrbd M uaic, la vhich iire camprehended ervry Metre 
in general Cie, and many Tunes prepared eipnolj for the Work by 
eminent 1 lying Compoieri. Compiled by the KeT.WjLLiAMHiRBisoN. 
The amngemeDt by Mr. John Hopkins and Mr. Edward J. Hop- 
kins, Oipuiigla. Adapted for One, Two, oi Four Voicea, and anited 
either for the Organ or Pianorbrte. 

ingat others the choicest compositiDn 





Cooke, Dr. B. 

Hopkina, E. J. 



Crofl, Dr. 

toward, Dr. 



Crotch, Dr. 




Dupiu., Dt. 




Momintrton, Earl 
Na«a, Dr. 


Blow, Dr. 



Bojce, Dr. 


The PureelU 


Buroey, Dr. 


Randall, Dr. 

Woodward, Dr. 



Worgan, Dr. 

In royal 8io. (pp 

04.) Priee*ai/-ioa«i,&.tW.;«mo,r« 
Extract from Compiler't Pre/aas : 




Ketiary, [t mil be 

jffldeni Ihat we direct aiteaLLon to the ' arrangemenL ' and 'character* of the 

ExtTOdl/rom (he Ttitinumy o/varioia Oijanijd o/eminetitx : 
"An eicf¥diaglf pxHl CoUccriau. I am much delighted with the Airann- 
lonl of the MuBic, It la leallj' tzacUg u I could with it,— the name of HopUiia 
. aio-e autaclenl Co lecamioend ui; ncrk undertaken by them." [C. S«Tem.] 
"OtjDur P»lm aod HymnTunea and Chanti, I be 

DTariabiy harmonlced-" [£. Cra 

in-llke I 

1 11 eertaloly la the cheapeit. Collection publlthed." 

A Friendly Wish. 

By the Ule ttn. D(tncan of Cleiah, Aotlior of "Rhyraei for Hy 
Cliitdien," &c. Mnaic by KaTHXHOs. U. Sd. 

" When Countless Myriads Meet." 

n the "ConaecCHted Thought!" of the Rev. W.HAaftlSON. Muiic ' 

by Katharob. Price It. 



The Works of the Rev. Wm. Harrison, 

A.M., lUe IiKMimb«iit of St. MkhMl'), CbMtcr Square. Id tm 
(Dliimn, feap. Qn>, wilb FroDliapitcc. Tiirfaiy ■wnwro, gilt tdga, \L 


1. Tbb ToKQua OP Tina: or, the langutgt ar* Chorch Clock. 

2. CONSBCBATID Thouqhts ; Or, t Fcw Notci bora a. ChrUtian Hup. 
J. THaSHBrHUD andhisShkkf. BnEipositionofPsalm XXIII. 
4. A CouBSi or Twilvk Sihwons on tUe CommBndmenU. 

"The eirnnCnFMefiplrll which h*i guided Ihc nriter, ind the ilmiitlTltf (nil 
.tl«n woilil."— C*itft*iMB, Feb, «, 

id the Worki 


mns with Notes, 

Addrewed to the I'dot of my Flock. By JaMBb JoTca, A.M., Titar 
of Dorkil^. (Just out.) f^ 8.0. Limp cUHk, U. 

Eighteen Prayers, , 

with Taita uid Hymni for Priyale Uk. Fenrth thoauad. Square 
nma. Limptlslh. Price 6if. 

Thoughts on the Study of Prophecy. 

Bj A BAMLisraB. With Remuki on the Tweuty-fbunh ChapUr «f { 
St. Matthew's Gospel. ISmo. Ctolh, U. \ 

"The Dl>J«c of Ihli lH»e work )• rsther, la lu title ledlcatn, loiDsliIon the 
Importance of the prophetlcel WrlUnga, and the Chriatlin dntf of enterinf 
eimculy upon their itudy ai revelaHoni of iha counei]! of God. tuan to put for- 

"We cordially tMum 
*. Ottaittrlji, Sept. IE 


The Seven Vials ; 

or. the Relation of Pmpbec}' to the E^enta of the Nineteenth Centoir. 
Being an Analyiii of the Rot. T. Soott'a laterpreUttan of the Elennth 1 
ChMier of Daniel. By A Qraduatb or iJitobd. i2mo. Oott, | 


KcliBtous BBorkS- 

Rest in Christ ; 

OR, T&B Caucifix AND THE CROSS. "Je chCTchiia i monter, naa 
Tv iiigtuai deseendfe." Demy IBmo. Third thouauiil. Price Sd, 
In elolh, gill edget, M. In vibtocco, !(. 
"A ahort bul dccpl]' Lnteratlng aurmllve of mEntHl npaileDC*.''— CtrftHdn 
Lui^t Mafaz-ni, Tib. 1S49. 

Church i mdof th. poor vtowlvWisubiequenlPHuni ftoin the »tror> ot Popwr 
Id the puie ud ilmplc (ailh i>f the Goipel u Uugbt bv tbe Cbunb of Enctud."— 
Churc^ efSnshnia<ux-U:ly. Oct. IS48. 

I felt Itlut vat biitory of my'llfe, u 'ell u my llli: iuelf, belong! id Him Vho 
thecetoie, iniD Hli hulls 10 employ and lo fnicilfy u He ihill tee ai. Miji He 


Apostolical Baptism Considered. 

In Few Wordi. 

" But whit HJth the Scriplart V 
" And Ub diKipla rsmembend tkat U km wr^ltm^ ^ 
ISmo, DDifonu with " R«tt in Chrial." Price 6d. 
"A thoaghtfol mil irdl-nuoned tmltae. "—c™rt /tmrnl, Hty IS 

Morning Meditations for a Month. 

B mlunetli mine ear to heir u t1 
Price 6d. Jiut publiihed. 


^tnt% ant Italian atangviisM. || 


A Series of Tables on the Grammar < 

of the French LangiiBge. Bj MoNSiBtrn Gutlladmb, Profeasetir it 
LangaCB a Londres. L&le of the Pimlieo^ Stockwell, and CiuDherwcIl 
Collegiate SchoolL 

Aliradg PiOluhed : 
Table 1. — Of the French Articlbg and Pronominal Adjbcttves . 06 
Table 2.— Of the Gender of all French Substantives in geneisl u«e I 
Table 3 Of the French Pronouns, Pbrsunax. and DeHONstb.a- 

TIVB 06 

Table 4.— Of the French Tbbbs. With RnleEon their Formation, 

and Critical Remarks an their Irregularities . . . .IS 
",• The aim of the Author baa leen to present to the learner, on theTace 
of half-a-sheet of paper, in a striking and conapicuoua manner, diEBciiltie* 
which, in most Grammars, occupy ten, and twenl; ps,ges. 

in twen offered (o the SiudfnlQftbe French LuDgnage 

(ban is presented Um in these 
condeDialion eihihited [hronghoni 

Sf tie Same Author .• 

A Series of Tables on the Grammar 

OP THB Italian Lanodaoe. 

Table 1.— Of the Italian Pkeposittons (segnaca^), Articlbb, 

Gkndbr and Plural of Nouns and of Adjectives . .09 

Table 2 Of the Italian Pbrsonal, Relative, and Poshessivb 

Pronouns 9 

TaBLB 3.— Of the Italian TeSBS 10 

To be fallowed shortly by others.