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Full text of "A history of the ancient chapel of Birch, in Manchester parish, including a sketch of the township of Rusholme, for the convenience of which township the chapel was originally erected: together with notices of the more ancient local families, and particulars relating to the descent of their estates"

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COUNCIL FOR 1858-59. 

JAMBS CROSSLBT, Es^, F.S.A., Prbsidbnt. 

REV. F. R. RAINES, M.A., F.&A., HOM. Camon OF Mancubstbb, 


REV. JOHN HOWARD MARSDEN, B.D., Canok OP Mancubstbr, 


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9imtmt Cj^apel of IStrc]^, 











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The following pages constitute the fifth in a historical 
series of the more ancient Chapels within Manchester 
parish, — the Chapels of Blackley, Denton, Didsbury and 
Choriton, with their surrounding districts, having been 
already described. 

As in its arrangement the present volume so nearly 
resembles those which have preceded it, nothing is re- 
quired by way of explanation. One single deviation may 
be noticed, namely the addition, in the present instance, of 
an Appendix, containing copies in ea^tenso of the original 
documents on which the early history of the township is 
founded ; these, from their variety and interest, seem to 
merit the space assigned to them. 

The author has to acknowledge his obligation to Sir 
John Willum Hamilton Anson, of Portland Place, Lon- 
don, Bart., and Charles Carill Worsley of The Piatt, 
near Manchester, Esq., for the valuable assistance they have 
afforded in placing at his disposal the stores of information 
contained in the evidences, &c., of their respective families, 

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and which are now for the first time made public. To the 
latter gentleman the Members of the Chetham Society are 
indebted for the accompanying portrait of Major-General 
Worsley, which has been engraved expressly for this volume 
from the original at Piatt, the entire cost of its preparation 
having been defrayed by Mr. Worsley. 

The remaining lithographic illustrations are from the 
pencil of Mr. James Croston of Manchester, for whose 
renewed kindness the author's best acknowledgments are 


January, 1859. 

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BiROH Chapbl - --- Frontispiece. 

PoBTBAiT OF Major-Qbneral Wobslby - page 50 
Sladb Hall ------------ 134 

St. Jambs' Church, Biboh --------158 

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(within rusholme.) 

j us HOLME township lies to the soath-soath-east 
of Manchester, distant from it about two miles and a 
quarter. Its boundaries are, on the norths Chorlton- 
upon-Medlock and a small detached portion of Moss- 
Side; on the south, Withington and Bumage; on 
the east, Newton, Gorton and Levenshulme; and on the west, 
Moss-Side and Withington. 

In was anciently written without much regard to an uniform 
standard of orthography, the several variations Biseholme, Bushe- 
olme, Eushulme, Rusholme, Busheholme, Byshome, Bisshome, 
Bissehome^ Byssum, Bussum and Buschun occurring, with doubt- 
less other modifications of the word unrecorded. It derives its 
name &om the well-known aquatic plant the Rushy the latter syl- 
lable holffie signifying in the Anglo-Saxon a flat area of damp 
ground by a river side; and like its neighbour Withington it 
marks by its name the low level of the adjacent lands. Busholme 
is situated upon the new red sand stone formation, the rock being 
generally covered with alluvium varying in depth from a few feet 
to many yards ; the average depth of the rock throughout the 
township is said to be about seven yards, the subsoil of the greater 
portion of the area consisting of brick-clay. The township of 
Busholme contains the several hamlets of Busholme, Piatt, Birch, 
and Longsight. 

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As a member of Withington manor Eusholme was held in the 
reign of Edward I. by the family of Grelle, lords of Manchester, 
who in turn held the same of Ferrars, Earl of Derby, himself 
tenant in chief of the king.* 

From the inquisition of Robert Grelle in the 10 Edward I, 
(1281) we learn that he died seised of Withington manor, and also 
of Manchester and its church. It appears that sometime pre- 
viously the Grelles had granted to the Hathersage family, in con- 
sideration of one knight's fee, the manor of Withington including, 
as already intimated, the township of Rusholme. 

Matthew, son of Matthew de Hathersage, conveyed a portion of 
this recent grant to Richard de Trafford, namely, the twenty acres 
bordering on Tollache,^ beginning at the Great Moss in the going 
up to Goslache as far as the boundary of Piatt, and so crossing 
from the bounds of Piatt towards Grenclow-lach, together with the 
right of common pasture in Wyddine, to hold the same of the said 
Matthew to himself, his heirs and assigns, Jews and Ecclesiastics 
alone excepted,^ by the annual payment of one iron spur or three- 
pence at the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the said 
Matthew reserving to himself and his heirs the right of traversing 
the customary road towards Manchester. The date of this deed is 
not given, but as it is clear from the prohibitory clause that the 
statute of mortmain had not then been passed, the time of its exe- 
cution must have been before the year 1224. 

On the death of Matthew de Hathersage -the manor of Withing- 
ton passed to Nigel de Longford and Simon de Gousiil, in right of 
their respective wives, Maud and Cecilia, daughters and coheir- 
esses of Matthew de Hathersage. In the 11 Edward II. (1317) 
Nicholas de Longford, lord of Withington, confirms to Sir Henry 

* Mathas de Hay'seg tenet unu feodQ milit* in Wythinton de feodo Thorn' le GreUej, 
et ip*e de feodo com' de Ferrar et ip*e in capite de d'no Bege. — Testa de NeviU, 

^ The word lachcy of such frequent occurrence in the geographical rehitions of the 
township, signifies a marshy hollow. 

' For the cause of this prohibition (exceptis riris religiosis et Judseis) ride History 
ofDidebufy Chapel^ Chetham Society's Publications, toI. xlii. p. 121, Note, 

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de Trafford the grant of his predecessor. It is described in -the 
deed as '' a certain tract of waste land/' and the boands are more 
distinctly specified, beginning at the Goslache to the Hant Lane 
in Platt^ following the king's highway towards the north as far as 
Grenlow-lache^ and so descending G-renlow-lache towards the west 
as far as Kemlache^ and from Kemlache crossing towards the 
south by the wells and ditch as far as the Yhildhouse ditch, thence 
going np as far as GoslachCj and along Goslache as far as the 
aforesaid Hunt Lane in Flatt, which was the boundary first named, 
to hold the same to himself and his heirs by an annual payment 
to the said Nicholas de Longford of seventeen shillings, in equal 
portions at the feast of the Annunciation and on the feast day of 
St. Michael. 

This plot of land, situated near the boundary line which sepa- 
rates the townships of Busholme and Moss-side, but in the first 
named township, is known as the Healdhouses or Yieldhouses, a 
corruption of Guildhouses, from its former connexion with some 
ancient Guild long since forgotten in its association with the local- 
ity indicated. The unsettled orthography of the name, or rather 
the settled incorrectness it has now assumed, may be traced to the 
variable use of the initial letters G and Y in early times, examples 
of which we have in the words " yeven '' for " given," " j9ie^' for 
''gate,'' &c. In the reign of Henry I II. the name of Boger de Penil- 
bury occurs as lessee of Hathersage and Gousul in respect of this 
estate, whose under-tenant was Henry de Trafford. In a deed 
undated, Roger de Penilbury conveyed to Henry de Trafford, the 
true and lawful attorney of Sir Simon de Gousul, the homage and 
service of three shillings, being an annual rent arising from a cer- 
tain tenement in Withington manor called the Gyldehousis, which 
tenement the said Boger holds from Sir Simon. On receiving the 
estate. Sir Simon made an immediate grant thereof to Henry de 
Trafford on the consideration of like services to those rendered by 
the family of Pendlebury. It is described in Sir Simon's grant as 
''le Gyldehousys" lately relinquished by Eoger de Penilbury ; and 
the services agreed upon were identical with those formerly ren- 

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dered by "Henry de Trafford and his ancestors to Roger de Peml- 
bury, who then held the tenement from me and my ancestors/' 
The bounds of the estate are defined by Elias de FenUbury in a 
contemporaneous deed wherein it is designated " Gildehusestide," 
from Goselache as far as the saplings (pullum), where Matthew^ 
the son of William, formed the ditch to convey the water to his 
mill, and descending alongside the said saplings as far as the ditch 
which I myself made, and so alongside that ditch to the moss, 
and from the moss again to the Goselache. Other privileges are 
included, namely those which the free tenants of the aforesaid 
Matthew [de Hathersage] the lord have, as they are found enu- 
merated in the charter received from him touching the lands in 
question. A reservation is made to Matthew and his heirs of a 
right of road to the land of the said Henry for the purpose of 
leading hay. 

In the 11 Edward IT. (1317) Nicholas de Longford, as lord of 
the manor of Withington in succession to Matthew de Hather- 
sage, grants to Sir Henry Trafford and his heirs a right for him- 
self and tenants to dig turves on the Yhildhous Moor, so that 
it may be lawful for him and them to dig and carry away turf 
without hindrance or molestation. From the inquisition post 
mortem of Sir Edmund de Trafford in the 21 Henry VIII. (1629) 
the estate is found still vested in the family, and also at a yet 
later date, the 32 Elizabeth (1589), from the inquisition of his 

Towards the middle of the following century "the Yieldhouses'* 
is found in the possession of the Warden and Fellows of Man- 
chester, as appears by indenture dated April 7, 1645, in which 
Richard Heyrick, warden, and the Fellows of the College of Christ 
lease for a term of twenty-one years to Ralph Worsley of Piatt, 
Gent., all that and those their messuage and tenement with the 
appurtenances, called the Yeildhowse, situate in Rusholme, ex- 
cepting therefrom one cottage and two closes of land commonly 
called the Gorse Crofts ; which lease was afterwards renewed from 
time to time, the last grant being dated June 4, 1709. Mr. 

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Worsley's tenants for several generations were a family named 
Travis. It is now held on lease by Thomas Holford Esq. from 
the Dean and Canons of Manchester. It consists of farm-build- 
ings^ two detached houses (one of which is called Heald House), 
six cottages, and about twenty-two acres of land, Lancashire 

The family of Trafford held lands in the township by grant also 
of Matthew de Cissor of Manchester. The conveyance is dated 
the 9 Edward II. (1315), and is to Nicholas, son of the above- 
mentioned Sir Henry de Trafford; the lands and tenements 
therein conveyed are given with remainder, in case of failure of 
issue, to Geoffrey, Thomas, Robert, Richard and Henry, his bro- 
thers, in succession. John Cissor de Mamcestr is an attesting 
witness to a deed conveying the Piatt estate in Busholme, dated 

Another of the early proprietors in the township was Henry de 
Busholme, who lived about the middle of the thirteenth century, 
deriving his name from the place of his residence, and holding his 
lands of Matthew de Hathersage. 

By a deed undated, but executed probably about the year 1260, 
Henry de Busholme conveys to Geoflfirey, son of Luke de Man- 
chester, certain lands in Busholme, which are thus described : — 
One messuage &c. situated at the end of his (Henry de Busholme' s) 
meadow towards the north, near to the Hutte [Hunt] Lane, in 
length fifteen perches and in breadth four perches; also an acre 
of land, one end of which lies contiguous to the messuage just 
referred to, and the other end stretches towards the orchard of 
the said Henry ; an acre of meadow land in Busholme Meadow ; 
an acre of land, one end of which adjoins the Busholme Meadow^ 
and the other end extends westward to Le Menegate ; half an 
acre of land lying between the parcel just referred to and the 
Goselache ; a ridge or narrow slip of land, called Le Qwikehagged- 
londe, lying between the Goselache and Le Menegate ; half an acre 
of land lying between the Hutte [Hunt] Lane and Goselache; six 
acres of land adjoining the land of Hugh de Asselum, and bounded 

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at either end by Goselache aud the old ditch ; — to have and to 
hold the same to the said Geofirey and his heirs by the annual 
payment to Henry de Busholme of a pair of white gloves on 
Christmas Day. — By another deed in the same series^ also with- 
out date^ but subsequently executed^ Henry de Busholme remises 
and quitclaims to Matthew de Hathersage his lord the homage 
and service due to him firom .6eoffi*ey, son of Luke de Manchester, 
in respect of the aforesaid lands. The name of Henry de Bush- 
olme occurs moreover in another deed of the same period, wherein 
he quitclaims to Geoffrey, son of Luke de Manchester, all his right 
in twenty acres of land in Busholme, which acres he the said 
Geoffi*ey then held of Bobert de Hiilton. And there is a farther 
record of this same Henry, as granting to Hugh de Haselum in 
return for certain homage and service all that his land which lies 
between the highway in Bushford and the land of the said Hugh, 
together with half a bovate of land in Busholme ; the service to 
consist of an annual tribute of sixpence, to be rendered in two 
equal payments, at the nativity of John the Baptist and the feast 
of St. Michael. 

Lands in the township were also conveyed about this time to 
the neighbouring family of Manchester, whose members were 
grantees of the Hathersages and also intermediately of Henry de 
Busholme. To the conveyance of the latter family reference has 
been already made. In the 29 Edward I. (1300) William, son of 
Henry, son of Houlot de Manchester, grants to Jordan, son of 
William de Fallowfield, and his heirs a portion of his lands in 
Busholme, namely, the three acre^ bounded on both sides by the 
lands of Henry de Trafford, and extending lengthwise from the 
land of Matilda del Holt to the highway leading to Stockport; 
the same to be held by Jordan and his heirs of the chief lord, on 
payment of three pence annually in two stated payments, namely, 
three halfpence at the feast of the nativity of our Lord, and a like 
sum at the feast of St. John the Baptist, which said sum of three 
pence is part of the annual tribute of fourpence in which the afore- 

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said William is bound to the chief lord for the lands he possesses. 
An adjacent parcel of land formed the subject of another covenant 
between the contracting families named in the deed just recited. 
It is a grant from John de Annacotes [Ancoats] son of Robert de 
Manchester^ to Jordan^ son of William de Fallowfield. The lands 
conveyed are described as '^ all that his part of one plough-land 
called Grendowe-field lying between the land of Henry de Trafford 
on the one side, and that of William, son of Henry de Manchester 
on the other side, of which said plough-land one end reaches to 
the king^^s highway leading to Ince (?), and the other end reaches 
to a plough-land called Le Somer Werkeddeffeld, and also half an 
acre of meadow land situated in Le Brodemedowe bounded on both 
sides by the land of Henry de Trafford, one end of which extends 
to the bank or boundary of the wood called Le Birchenewode and 
the other end extends to Clayffeld.'' 

Other contemporaneous names are those of Henry de Mosedon 
(? Moston) who about the year 1270 conveyed to Matthew de 
Byrches and his heirs certain water privileges in the Gore brook 
from Halegateford to Bushford ; and Agnes de Honford (Hand- 
ford of Handford in the county of Chester) wife of Henry de Hon- 
ford, who in the 3 Edward II. (1309) made a grant to her son of 
lands in Eusholme, &c., being the same lands which Matilda de 
Holt held in the name of dowry, with remainder to GeoflBrey his 
brother. "The marsh of William the Honford" is given as one 
of the boundaries of the Piatt estate some time before the year 
1190, thus indicating a much earlier association with the township. 
The names of Hulton and Haslam also occur in the annals of 
Bushome, but too incidentally to claim further notice. 

From the rental of Thomas West, Lord de la Warre, dated May 
1st 1473, we learn that Barton de Bamford held one messuage, &c., 
called '* le fforty acres^' in Eyssun of the said lord in socage and 
by a yearly rent of one shilling. His descendant John Bamford 
£squire, described as of Bamford near Middleton and of Holt Hall 
in Withington, died also seised of lands in Bysshome, as appears 

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jGrom an inquisition post mortem dated the 6 Elizabeth (1563). 
He left an only daughter, Anne, his sole heiress, the wife of Qeorge 
Birch of Birch Esquire, by whom the Busholme and Withington 
estates of the Bamfords were conveyed to the Birch family, the 
Bamford Hall estate descending to a collateral branch and being 
continued to the male line. To this family a more extended refer- 
ence has been made under the head of Withington township.^ 

In the reign of Henry YIII. certain lands in Busholme were 
held by the family of Beswick. By deed dated 28th June, 22 
Henry VIII. (1530), Boger Beswick grants to Miles Beswick his 
son all those his lands, tenements, &;c., situated in Grindlow and 
Busholme which he lately received from William Heylde, to hold 
the same to him the said Miles, his heirs and assigns, for ever 
from the chief lord, rendering the customary services. 

In the following reign the name Strangeways occurs in the 
annals of the township, though the family never resided there, 
living at Strangeways in Manchester, where they are found as 
early as the reign of Bichard II. An indenture made the syxte 
daye of Aprill in the fyfte yere of the regne of o' sovayne Lord 
Edward the Syxte (1552) by the grace of God kyng of England, 
ffraunce and Ireland, Defendo' of the fPaithe, and of the churche 
of England and also of Ireland in erthe supreme head — betwene 
William Strangwayes gentylman son and heyre apparant of Phel- 
lippe Strangwayes of Strangwayes in the countie of Lancaster 
escuyer on the one parte and Thomas Byrche of Byrche Hall w*in 
the towne of Wythyngton gentylmaii upon th'oder partye, witness- 
eth that wheare Kataryn late wyflFe of Thomas Strangwayes de- 
ceased hathe holdethe or enjoyethe for terme of her lyffe one 
messuage or tenemente w^ th'appurtennances and buyldynges 
thereapon made and all the landes, tenementes, medowes, pastures, 
woodes to the same messuage or tenemente belongyng, sett, lyeng 
and beyng in Bisshehulme w*in the towneshippe of Wythyngton 

* HUtory oflHdthury Chapely Chetham Society's Publications, vol. xlii. pp, 115- 

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in the conntie of Lancastre aforesaid and nowe beyng in the 
tenare and occupieing of one Richard Dyconson and John Dyeon- 
son son of the said Richard or of eyther of theym^ the revercion or 
remaynder thereof ys to the said Willyam Strangwayes and his 
heyres; the said William Strangwayes for the some of seven 
powndes of lawfull money of England to hym beforehand paid by 
the said Thomas Byrche, dothe bargayne, sell, gyffe and graunt by 
these presentes to the said Thomas Bryche his heyres and assignes 
the forsaid messuage or tenemente and all oder the premisses and 
all the right remaynder of the said messuage or tenemente and all 
the right, ty tle^ interest and demaunde that the said William hathe 
in the same messuage^ to have and to holde the forsaid messuage 
&c. of the said William Strangwayes to the said Thomas Byrche his 
heyres and assignes for ever. In 1575 Katharine Davenport wife of 
Robert Davenport of the New Pale in the county of Chester gent, 
late widow and sometime wife of Thomas Strangweis son and heir 
apparent of Philip Strangweis of Strangweis in the county of 
Lancaster Esquire, for good and lawful considerations, bargained, 
alienated, sold, &c., to George Birche son and heir apparent of 
Thomas Birch of Birch, his heirs, &c., all and every that and those 
messuages, lands, &c., in the township of Withington, now in the 
occupation of John Dicconson of Risholme, late the inheritance of 
the said Philip and now parcell of the jointure of the said Katha- 
rine, which lands, &c., were conveyed by the said Philip to certain 
feoffees to the use of the said Katharine during her natural life 
after the death of the said Thomas Strangweis her late husband. 

This however does not appear to have been a total relinquish* 
ment on the part of the Strangeways family of all connexion with 
Rusholme; they still continued to retain certain estates in the 
township. From an inquisition post mortem, dated the 7 James 
I. (1609), we learn that John Strangwaies had recently died 
seised of lands in Withington manor and in Rusholme, which is 
the last we hear of them in this immediate neighbourhood ; indeed 
about this time their more ancient possessions of Strangeways 


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passed out of the family^ by purchase, to John Hartley of Man* 
Chester, draper, and all further traces of them are lost. 

In the reign of Elizabeth, Edward Tildesley of Tildesley Esquire 
held lands in Rusholnie. His inquisition post mortem is dated 
the 29 Elizabeth (1586). Ten years earlier he was plaintiff in 
the Duchy Court at Lancaster in a cause against Alexander 
Entwissell Esquire, the matter in dispute being messuages and 
lands in Entwissell manor, Chorlton, Ryssheholm, Ardwick and 

In the 30 Elizabeth (1587), as appears from an inquisition post 
mortem of that date, Edward Siddall died seised of estates in 
Riseholme, Withington, Gorton, Manchester and Kersal. This 
individual was the son of Richard Siddall of Withington, yeoman, 
and became the purchaser of the Slade Hall estate, to which 
attention will be hereafter directed. He was buried at the Colle- 
giate Church of Manchester February 20, 1587-8. 

The name of Edmund Prestwich of Hulme Esquire, whose 
inquisition post mortem, dated the 9 Charles I. (1633), refers to 
certain lands in Rusholme as appertaining to himself at the time 
of his death, may serve to complete the enumeration of the more 
ancient possessors of estates in the township not resrerved for 
special notice. 

Descending to later times, Rusholme was the residence at the 
period of the Commonwealth of a family named Edge. Captain 
Edge, the parliamentary officer by whom the Earl of Derby was 
taken prisoner after the battle of Worcester, was a son of Oliver 
Edge of Birch Hall Houses in the township. Of his capture, 
the earl gives the following account in a letter to his wife : — 
" I escaped a great danger at Wigan, but met with a worse at 
Worcester, being not so fortunate to meet with any [who] would 
kill me, and thereby have put me out of the reach of envy and 
malice. Lord Lautherdale and I, having escaped, hired horses, 
and falling into the enemy^s hands were not thought worth killing, 
but have quarters given us by Captain Edge, a Lancashire man. 

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and one that was so civil to me tliat I and all who love me are 
beholden to him/^^ A passage from the '^ Memoirs of Captain 
Hodson of Coley/' who was present on the occasion^ ''the place 
being the road about half a mile south of Nantwich/' states 
moreover that the captain "was one Oliver Edge/^ 

The will of Oliver Edge, the father of Captain Edge^ is dated 
December 26^ 1635. He describes himself as of the Birch Hall 
Houses in the county of Lancaster^ linen webster^ and requests 
that he may be buried in the Parish Church or churchyard of 
Manchester. He names his wife Anne Edge^ and his children 
Oliver Edge^ John Edge^ Thomas Edge, Katharine Edge and 
Mary Edge ; also his daughter Elizabeth Knot, whom he states 
himself to have lately preferred in marriage with a valuable por- 
tion. He names moreover his father-in-law Anthony Schofield 
and his loving friend Mr. Thomas Birch of the Birch Hall, Gent., 
the latter of whom and the aforesaid Anne Edge he constitutes his 
executors. He appoints as overseers of his will his loving friend 
Balph Worsley and his loving brother Thomas Edge. His inven- 
tory is dated January 20, 1635-6. His house was held on lease 
from Sir Humphrey Davenport and Sir Edward Mosley. 

Captain Oliver Edge, the son, makes his will August 29, 1696. 
He describes himself as of Birchall Houses in the parish of Man- 
chester and county of Lancaster, Gent. He names therein his 
son Ebenezer Edge ; the children of his daughter Mary deceased, 
late wife of John Gaythome, namely Thomas Gaythorne, Anne 
wife of William Thropp, &c.; his daughter Hannah, wife of Richard 
Bayley; and his reverend and worthy friends Henry Finch of 
Manchester, clerk, and John Chorlton of Manchester, clerk. The 
will was proved at Chester May 21, 1697.^ 

The name of Captain Edge of Birch Hall Houses occurs in a 
list of the ratepayers in the township in the year 1655. He was 
buried at the Collegiate Church September 12, 1696. 

1 CitfU War Traett, Cheiham Series, p. 311. 
' Cheihire and Lancaahire Euiorical Collector, yol. ii. pp. 80, 81. 

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€tisf Of Stu^bolmt. 


Olirer Edge of Birch Hall-Anne, dau. of Anthony Sohofield, Thomas Edge, 
HoafleBinKUBholme. Will I living in 16S6: executrix of her named in hu 

dated Doc 86, 1685. hnaband's ivill. brother's will. 

OlirerEdtfeof Birch Hall -Anne, dan. of John Thomas Katharine Mary Elizabeth 

Bouses, Capt. in the Par- 
liamentary Army. Will 
dated Aug. 29, 1686. Bur. 
at Coll. Ch. Sept 13, 1696. 

Edge, Edge, Edge, Edge, Edge, 

•• • -Trng llvrng livfng wilSof 

Bur. at Coll. liTing UTfhg livfiig liTing 

Ch. June U, 1686. 1635. 1636. 1636. ... Ejiott, 

1606. living 


Ebeneaer Edge. Mary Edge, Hannah Edge, 

wife of John wife of Richard 

Oaythome. Bayley, liTing 

Deadinl686. in 1686. 




Thomas Gaythome. A nn Gaythome. 

wife of Thomas 

The Piatt estate within the township of Busholme was known 
by its present name as early as the twelfth century. Piatt is a 
word which in the Anglo-Saxon language denotes a place or 
station^ or more precisely a sheepfold. It gave its name to a 
family seated there for many generations. By a deed undated^ 
but probably executed about the year 1150, Matthew, the son of 
William, conveyed the lauds of Piatt to the Knights Hospitallers 
of St. John of Jerusalem. This religious order had its origin in 
the taking of Jerusalem by the Crusaders in 1099, when the 
release of the Holy City from Saracen bondage was signalised 
(amongst other deeds of charity) by the restoration of an hospital 
dedicated about fifty years previously to St. John, and designed 
for the reception of Christian pilgrims visiting Jerusalem. This 
hospital, at first but a secular establishment, now became a con- 
vent and its members a religious brotherhood. The pilgrims who 
flocked to Jerusalem from all parts of the world received from the 
Hospitallers so much kindness in the relief of their necessities and 
in the furtherance of the devout object of their mission, that on 
their return to their native land they spread the fame of the fra* 

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ternity far and wide ; and so great a religious fervour was excited 
in its behalf that in all parts of Christendom lands were be- 
queathed to it, and it increased rapidly in wealth as in reputation. 
A branch of this sacred order was^ according to Dugdale, first 
established in England about the year 1100 by Jordan Briset^ a 
knight^ who erected at Glerkenwell in the suburbs of London a 
house or hospital upon which was lavished the liberality of kings 
and nobles^ together with a share of the sequestered revenues of 
the Templars on their suppression in the reign of Edward 11.^ 
Amongst these endowments were the lands of Platt^ as already 
intimated^ and the bounds of the estate at the time of its transfer 
to the Knights Hospitallers were as follows : — Beginning at the 
Great Ditch^ and following that ditch to its lower extremity as far 
as the cross which is cut in the tree ; thence from the said ditch 

' MomuHeon AngUeanum, yol. ri. p. 799 ; edit. 1830. 

In 1194 Bichard I., sumamed CoBur de Lion, ''for the health of the bouIb of King 
Henry our father and Queen Eleanor our mother, gives and grants to God and the 
Blessed Karj erer Virgin, and to the Blessed John the Baptist, and to the aforesaid 
House of the Holy Hospital of Jerusalem in all their tenements and in alms which 
hath been giyen them, all right ^lc., and that they may be free from aU toll &o. — 
Taaffe's Sistary of the Holy^ Military^ Sovereign Order of St. John of Jeruectlem^ 
Tol. ir. Appendix. From the same source we learn what the rules of the order were : 
1. Hospitality for all pilgrims and crusaders, including defence of tl)e Holy Sepulchre 
and this new kingdom (of Jerusalem). 2. A militaiy organisation in three classes — 
clergy, knights and servants at arms. 3. Knights to have all the proofs required of a 
miles — " nullus fit miles nisi fillus militis." 4. The non-regularly professed in the 
order may yet be aggregated to it. 5. Females also. 6. Kone professed can haye any 
property of their own ; but only can expect to^be clothed and fed plainly and frugaUy, 
and freely dedicate their lives. 7. The three tows — celibacy, obedience and individual 
poverty. 8. Celibacy cuts off from most of the domestic ties which are impediments 
to self-devotedness. Obedience, most implicit ; particularly in battle, where with an 
express command they on no pretext whatsoever can retire, but death must be ex- 
pected with heroic fortitude. Their being individually poor means that they re- 
nounce the rights of property, so that the all of each belongs to the common treasury. 
9. Their drees is that they at present wear, the cross white, from their founder being 
a Norman. 10. Each future head is to be selected by the order from amongst them- 
selves, and he is to have a chapter to which he must submit, and on important matters 
convene a general assembly of the order, where he may have a double vote, and then 
the m^ority decide beyond appeal. 

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as far as Goselache^ and by Goselaclie up to the road whicli passes 
between Piatt and Basholme; thence along this road as far as 
the Gore Brook^ and alongside the Gore Brook to the Marsh of 
William de Honford, and so onwards to the Great Ditch. 

Some years later, Gamier de Naplouse, grand prior of the English 
Brotherhood of the Knights Hospitallers, made a grant of certain 
lands in Piatt (described as those formerly given to the order by 
Matthew, son of William) to Richard de la More and his heirs. 
Other estates were also included in the grant; the considerations 
specified being that the said Kichard and his heirs should make a 
ifearly payment of four shillings at the feast of St. Michael^ and 
should keep in a state of efficiency on the river Mersey at Runcorn 
the vessel which John the constable of Chester, from love to God, 
had formerly provided for the safe conveyance of those who wished 
to cross the stream ; and that a third portion moreover of the 
chattels of the said Richard and his heirs in succession, at the death 
of each, be reserved to the brotherhood for the good of his soul. 
The date of this deed is 1190;^ and the grantor took his name from 
Neapolis or Naplouse in Syria, of which city he was a native. He 
was a contemporary of Thomas k Becket. From being grand prior 
of the English branch he became grand master of the entire order on 
the death of Roger de Moulins, and died at Ascalon, after holding 
the office for the short space of one year, of wounds received at the 
battle of Tiberias whilst fighting against the Sultan Saladin. 

Richard de la More was succeeded in his newly acquired estate 

* Piatt coDtiuued to be held subj«jt to the payment of an annual rent of four 
Bhillings until a comparative! j recent period. By an indenture made March 20, 1726, 
between Isaac Green of Liverpool, Gent., lord of the manor of Much "Woolton, and 
Charles Worslej of Flatt in the said county, Gent., the said Isaac Green for the con- 
sideration of the payment of six pounds sterling alienates and sells to the said Charles 
Worsley all that annual rent of four shillings issuing out of a certain messuage in 
Withington, called Piatt, where the said Charles Worsley doth now inhabit and dwell, 
and which was formerly in the possession of Ealph Worsley, and which had been 
anciently paid by the said Ralph Worsley, his ancestors or predecessors unto the lord 
or lords of the manor of Much Woolton for the time being by the name of SL John 
of Jerusalem's rent. 

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by his son WilHam, upon whose daughter Cecilia, on her marriage 
with Henry, the son of Gilbert, her father settled one half of the 
lands of Piatt, with remainder to her heirs for ever ; her husband 
henceforth assuming the name of Piatt, and becoming the progenitor 
of a family seated there for upwards of four centuries* The other 
moiety of the estate was conveyed by the Knights Hospitallers 
through their prior, Elias de Smethton, to Bichard, son of Adam do 
Farneworth, and was successively possessed by him and his son 
Robert, the latter being seised thereof in the 8 Edward II. (1314). 
It is described as the same moiety which had been formerly held 
from the Knights Hospitallers by Adam the clerk, and was held 
subject to the payment of an annual sum of four shillings on the 
feast*day of St. Matthew, and a third portion of the chattels of each 
successive owner at his death. 

By his marriage with Cecilia, Henry del Piatt had a son Boger, 
who in the 17 Edward I. (1288) conveyed to Ellen his sister certain 
lands in Piatt, the same which his mother had recovered before the 
king'^s justices, — bounded by the Thomditch and the Goselache. 
The terms of a covenant concluded in 1S24 by this same Boger del 
Piatt and Bobert, son of Bichard del Piatt (probably his successor), 
are still extant. It relates to a partition of lands in Busholme. 
It decrees that the pasture which stretches from the dwelling-house 
of Boger to the Gelde Brook shall be shared by both parties to the 
covenant ; that the ditch extending from the village (a vico) as far 
as the Gelde Brook is on the estate of Bobert. Boger moreover 
quitclaims to Bobert and his heirs all his right and title to the 
parcel of land from the aforesaid ditch to the Gelde Brook between 
the village and the Herneflatt^ and grants to him a third part of 
certain other lands the name of which cannot be deciphered, 
together with a butt of land lying in Gosecroft in exchange for other 
land of Bobert which lies within the fall of him the said Boger. 
Boger was in turn succeeded by Bobert del Piatt, whose relation- 
ship to his predecessor is not clearly defined, although probably one 
of the contracting parties in the covenant just recited. He received 
a grant of hind &c. in the 18 Edward III. (1344) from Ellen, the 

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daughter of Henry del Piatt the younger. This estate is described 
as being situated in Withington manor and consisting of two mes- 
suages, twenty-four acres of arable land and one acre of meadow, 
being the lands which she recovered in a suit with William, son of 
Alexander del Bothe. In another deed she is described as Ellen 
the younger (la puisnesse), the daughter of Henry del Platte the 
younger, to distinguish her from her namesake Ellen, daughter of 
Henry del Piatt the aforesaid and his wife Gecilia, who also is 
found a year earlier (1343) devising the lands she had received in 
1288 from Roger her brother to Richard, son of this same Robert 
del Piatt. Ellen del Piatt the younger was daughter of Henry del 
Piatt the younger, and granddaughter to GeoiFrey by his wife Ama« 
bilia ; she became the wife of Alexander del Bothe. Nothing is 
known as to the degree of affinity subsisting between the owners of 
the Piatt estate and their collaterals Geoffrey and his son Henry the 

Robert del Platte makes his will on the fast-day of St. Maurus 
the Abbot (January 16) 1360. Like all documents of that early 
period, it is very short. He leaves his soul to God, the Blessed 
Virgin and all the saints, and directs that his body be interred in 
the cemetery at Manchester. He wills that his best beast be led 
before his body in the name of a mortuary, and concludes by ap- 
pointing his son John and his wife Loreta his executors, beseeching 
them to make such a disposition of his goods as may best condnce 
to the welfare of his soul. 

Besides his younger son John, whom he names as his executor, 
Robert del Piatt left other issue : Richard his eldest son, to whom, 
as we have already seen, Ellen del Piatt devised lands in Rusholme; 
Robert^ a younger son ; Ellen, the^ wife of Robert de Milkewalle- 
slade; and Margaret, who was living and unmarried in the 23 
Edward III. (1349). 

Some years before his death, namely in 1349, Robert del Piatt 
had executed a deed fixing the succession to his estates. He limits 
them in the first instance to Richard his son and heir and to the 
heirs of his body lawAiUy begotten ; with remainder in case of 

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failare of issue, to his younger son John and his heirs ; with remain- 
der to his nephew Robert de Milkewalleslade ; with remainder to 
his nephew John de Milkewalleslade, the two sons of Robert de 
Milkewalleslade by his daughter Ellen ; with remainder to Robert, 
son of Adam de Femeley of Saddleworth-frith ; with remainder 
to Willianu son of Edward Heth of Saddleworth-frith ; with re- 
mainder to his daughter Margaret; with remainder to the right 
heirs of him the said Robert. 

He was succeeded by his eldest son Richard, whose son John was 
living in the 14th Richard II. (1390)^ and who it is inferred died 
shortly afterwards, leaving no issue, having outlived his younger 
brother Richard. The estates consequently devolved upon Nicholas 
del Piatt as heir to his father John del Piatt, the younger son of 
Robert, in accordance with the snccesdon-deed of 1349. 

Nicholas del Piatt, on succeeding to the inheritance of his family, 
re-settled his estates in the 14 Richard II. (1390). He limits them 
to himself and his heirs ; with remainder to Alonia his sister, the 
wife of Geoffrey, son of John Edmundson the clerk ; with remainder 
to Emmota, wife of John del Shule ; with remainder to John del 
Piatt the younger, the son of Richard del Piatt, the son of Robert 
del Piatt ; with remainder to the right heirs of the said Nicholas. 
Two years later, certain lands were excepted from the succession 
thus indicated, being then probably held in jointure, one messuage 
calfed Groscrofthous with two acres of land, and also another parcel 
called the Medhap. The occurrence of the name of John del Piatt 
the younger in this deed is not very intelligible, since, had he been 
then living, or, being dead, had left issue^ he or his issue would 
have had a prior claim to the estates as in descent from an elder 
son. At the time of executing this deed Nicholas appears to have 
been either unmarried or without issue, no reference being made 
therein to any direct descendant. In the 3 Henry V. (1415) how- 
ever he makes a more specific disposition of his lands, entailing 
them on his son Richard and Katharine his wife and their heirs. 

At his death he was succeeded by his son Richard, whose wife 

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Katharine survived her husband, being yet living as his widow in 
the 28 Henry VI. (1449), in which year she received from her 
son^ then in possession of the Piatt estate^ a grant of a house in 
Busholme, called Goosecrofj; House, a garden, a barn, and two acres 
of land for the terra of her life. Richard del Piatt raade his will 
September 4, 1439, wherein he commits his soul to Almighty God, 
the Blessed Virgin Mary and all the saints^ and his body to the 

worms, to be buried in the parish ^ 

He desires that whereinsoever he has done amiss or incurred a debt, 
a recompense may, if possible, be made. His debts and legacies 
paid, he wills that the residue and remainder of his personal estate 
(if any such be found) shall be disposed of by his son and executor, 
John Piatt, for the good of his soul. He gives to the church in 
which he shall be buried one noble in gold for his interment ; to his 
confessor or soul's physician, John Bichebery, he gives three nobles 
in gold ; to Geoffrey Platt^ his son, forty nobles ; and as to the resi- 
due of his estate he gives full power to his executor, John Piatt, so 
to dispose of it as may best consult his soul's welfare. The will was 
made (as is therein asserted) in testator's house and in the presence of 
John Bichebery his confessor. He died leaving two sons, John his 
successor, and a younger son named Geoffrey. John Piatt, as already 
stated^ was executor of his father's will. He was living in the 12 
Edward IV. (1472) ; and six years later his name occurs as one of 
the bondsmen in the marriage-covenant of John Bamford of Bam- 
ford, G^nt. He died sometime between that date and 1489. His 
wife's name was Constance, who with her husband appears to have 
been a devout member of the Church. In the Appendix will be 
found a transcript of a Papal Indulgence granted by the minister 
(by which name the head of that house was known) of the house of 
St. Bobert of Knaresborough of the order of the Holy Trinity and of 
the Bedemption of Captives who are suffering imprisonment at the 

' The remainder of the sentence u not Ycrj clear; as &r aa the words can be 
deciphered in the original parchment, they are '* in pro' ScS. B. Samtini foro meliiui 
Dioc' Maiden." 

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hands of the pagans for their belief in Ohrist,^ addressed to John 
Piatt and Constance his wife. The document recites the advantages 
accruing to all benefactors to the house (amongst whom it may be 
presumed were John Piatt and his wife), and is endorsed as follows : 
*^ B7 the authority of God the Father Almighty, of the blessed saints 
Peter and Paul, His apostles, and by the authority of the whole 
Church and of the Papal Indulgence entrusted to me, I absolve thee 
from all thy sins committed and confessed, as well as from all other 
sins now forgotten, but which thou wouldest wish to confess if they 
did but occur to the remembrance ; and also from all cases in what 
manner soever reserved for the apostolic see, and concerning which 
that see ought to be consulted, by the authority of Pope Pius II. 
I absolve thee also in the moment of death, with full remission of 
all thy sins, as far as the keys of the Church extend. This, by 
the authority of these letters apostolic, I grant to thee in the name 
of the Father,'' &c. 

Letters of affiliation were also granted to John Piatt and Constance 
his wife by James, warden of the Convent of Franciscans or Grey 
Friars at Preston, dated March 8, 1 429, permitting them to make 
choice of a confessor with power of granting absolution for the year 
commencing the 8th of April next ensuing, and granting them gene- 
rally a full participation in all spiritual benefits and advantages ap- 
pertaining to the Order both in life and death ; adding moreover as 
a special favour that whenever an intimation of their deaths shall be 

' The order of TrinitsrlAne imposed tows of chastity and povert j. They deroted a 
third part of their income to the redemption of Christian captives from infidels. The 
society consisted of three clerks and three laymen in the house, beside the minister, as 
their head was called. Their dress was composed of white woollen restments with a 
pilch and breeches, which they were not to pnt off in bed. In the ** Specimen Mona- 
chologisD," the costume is a hemispherical tonsure, a fillibeg, white woollen tunic tied 
with a black thon^, a loose white hood with a short round pectoral hanging before, a 
longer pointed dorsal behind. A dose scapulary shorter than the tunic. A mantle 
and hood, beside that of the tunic. The scapulary and left side of the mantle marked 
with a red and blue cross. A shirt and woollen Test. — Fosbroke's Brituk Monaehiim, 
pp. 73, 289. 

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conveyed to the provincial chapter of the order, the same services 
shall be performed for them as are customarilj performed for the 
brethren at their decease.^ 

Constance Piatt survived her hasband, and her name occurs asso- 
ciated with that of her son Richard, in a deed dated 5 Henry VII. 
(1489), confirming to one William Adshead a dwelling-house situa- 
ated in the Milne-gate in Manchester, lying between the tenement 
of John Bradford on the one side and the tenement of the aforesaid 
Richard which is now in the occupation of the wife of Nicholas 
Shelmerdine on the other side, extending from the highway to the 
river Irk. They appoint Thomas Bradford, chaplain and vicar of 
the college of Manchester, and Henry Leylond, their true and law- 
ful attorneys to give seisin. This deed possesses additional interest 
as defining the exact place of residence of the family of Bradford, 
and possibly the birthplace of the martyr himself. 

Richard Piatt, the son and heir of John Piatt and Constance his 
wife, succeeded his father. Of himself and of his further connexions 
nothing has been ascertained. He was livings as we have just seen, 
in the 5 Henry VII. (1489), and later in the 9 Henry VII. (1493). 
He may have been the father of John Piatt who succeeded him in 
the Piatt estate, but this is only conjecture. 

John Piatt, the next in succession, was living November 20^ 
1532, when he was named as one of six trustees in a deed of feoff- 
ment executed by George Birch of Birch, Gent. In the 2 Edward 
VI. (1548) he conveyed to his younger son William a certain mes- 
suage near Rusholme Green, and an acre and a half of land called 
the Croft. He died sometime before the year 1 553, leaving Jane 

1 The Franciecans or G-rej Friars were so called from their habit, a long grey ooat 
reaching to their heels, with a hood and a girdle of cord. They were to have no pro- 
perty, and were not to take money but necessaries only as rewards of their labours. 
They fasted from All Saints to Christmas (besides Lent from Epiphany) and at other 
times on Fridays. They were to beg lustily (confidentcr) and their tunics were full 
of pockets for receiying edibles, &o., for they were called mendicants because pretend- 
ing to eyangelioal perfection, and begged from door to door. — Fosbroke's British 
Monachismy pp. 78, 288. 

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his widow (formerly the wife of James Lawrence of MaDchester 
deceased) whose jointure consisted of two messuages and two closes 
of land, The Hall Field, and The Brucke Field, in Rusholme^ in 
the respective occupation of Margaret widow of Edmund Duncuth- 
lej and Ralph Duncuthley. He was succeeded by his elder son 
Richard, who in the first year of Queen Mary^s reign must have 
become reconciled to the ancient faith, if indeed his forefathers had 
ever renounced it. In 1555 a participation in the masses, prayers^ 
preachings, fastings, abstinences, watchings, and other labours of the 
convent of the order of Preaching Friars at Chester was accorded to 
him and Annes (in all probability his first wife) by Brother Matthew 
the prior of that order, as also such masses and prayers for the salvation 
of his soul after his decease as are customarily offered for the souls 
of departed brothers and friends.^ He died June 2, 1593^ and was 
bnried the day following at the Collegiate Church, Manchester. 
His inquisition post mortem was held at Wigan September 10, 
1593, before Thomas Hesketh escheator for the county palatine^ 
Robert Pilkington Esq., James Worthington Gent., and Ralph 
Haughton Gent.^ on the oath of Thomas Lane Esq., Robert Hindley 
Gent., Roger Bradshaw Gent., John Dewhurst Gent., Thomas Mark- 
land Gent., William Ascroft Gent., Miles Gerrard Gent., and Thomas 
Tarlton Gent. The jurors affirm on their oath that the said Richard 
Piatt the day before his death, was seised in his demefflae as of fee, 
of and in one messuage, twenty-eight acres of arable land^ two acres 
of meadow, and ten acres of pasture, within Rusholme in the manor 
of Withington, and also of one house and garden in Manchester ; 
and that being thus seised he had on the 15th day of December 
1576 granted a part of the aforesaid lands to a certain Elizabeth 
Piatt widow, late the wife of John Piatt now deceased, by the name 
of Elizabeth Birch, for the term of her life, which said Elizabeth is 
yet living and residing in Rusholme. And further they say that on 
the 4th day of August 1 590 the said Richard made his will, in which 
he gave to Isabella Piatt his wife one cottage^ fourteen acres of 

* Preaching Friars, or Jacobitee, as tbej were sometimes called* 

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meadow and pasture land, and one field containing half an acre, all 
in Rusholme aforesaid^ to be held for the term of her natural life. 
And further thej affirm that the aforesaid messuage and lands &c. 
in Rusholme are held and at the time of his decease were held from 
the Queen as of the late Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in Eng- 
land^ by the payment of an annual rent of four shillings and a cer- 
tain portion of the chattels of each successive tenant at his death ; 
and are worth twenty-six shillings and eightpence per annum : and 
that the aforesaid house and garden in Manchester are held of the 
lord of Manchester in socage by the payment of an annual rent of 
twelve pence and are worth two shillings per annum. They say 
moreover that the aforesaid Richard Piatt died on the second day of 
June last past and that Edmund Piatt is his son and heir, and is^ at 
the holding of this inquisition, of the age of eight years eight months 
and twenty-seven days ; and they say further that the said Richard 
Piatt had no other messuages, lands or tenements. His wife Isabel 
survived him, and dying in 161 7, was buried (November 24) at the 
Collegiate Church. Of his three children, John, the eldest^ married 
in December 1576 Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Birch of Birch, 
Gent., but died in his &ther^s lifetime, leaving no issue. The estates 
consequently devolved upon Edmund the younger son, who at his 
father's death was still in his minority, his guardian being his kins- 
man Thomas Birch of Birch, Gent., as appears from the will of the 
latter proved at Chester in 1595. He was twice married, having 
issue by his first wife, who died in January 1618, John his son and 
heir, Richard his younger son, and a daughter named IsabeK His 
second wife Joane survived him, and was living a widow in 1633. 

^ The order of St. John of Jerusalem had now ceased to exist in this country. In 
1689 a bill was brought into parliament to Test in the crown all the property of 
religious houses. The site of the priory was granted in the 38 Henry YIII. (1546) 
to John Viscount Lisle, and a great part of the church, with the fine bell tower, was 
blown up in the 3 Edward YI. (1549). An effort was made to re-establish the order 
by Philip and Mary, who repaired the house and restored many of the old estates, 
but it was finally suppressed in the first year of Elisabeth (1558). Dugdale's Monat- 
tioan AngUoanwn^ vol. tI. p. 799. 

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Edmund Piatt was the last of his family who resided at Piatt. 
The estate, at first mortgaged, was ia 1 625 sold to Ralph Worsley of 
Manchester^ yeoman. 

By indenture dated December 31, 1623^ between Edmund Piatt 
of Piatt in Withington in the county of Lancaster, Oent., upon the 
one part, and Baphe Worsley of Manchester in the said county, yeo- 
man, upon the other part. It is witnessed that the said Edmund 
Piatt, for certain considerations, grants, bargains, sells, enfeoffs and 
confirms unto the said Raphe Worsley his heirs and assigns for ever, 
all that capital messuage or dwelling house situate and being in 
Rushulrae in the aforesaid county of Lancaster, wherein the said 
Edmund Piatt doth now inhabit and dwell, commonly called and 
known by the name of The Piatt, and also all and singular those 
closes, clausures, fields and parcels of land, commonly called the 
Kiln Croft, the Broad Croft, the Long Eyes, the Short Eyes, the 
Pingot, the Pike End, the Black Flatt, the Great Brook Field, the 
Little Brook Field, the Middope, the Hall Field, the Hall Croft, 
and the Stony Lands, containing by estimation forty and four acres 
of land or thereabouts, according to the measure there used, lying or 
being in Piatt and Withington aforesaid. 

The above deed was a mortgage on the estate, with power of 
redemption to the said Edmund Piatt up to January 20, 1625, the 
sum advanced by Ralph Worsley being <£^420 6s. By indenture 
between the same parties, dated January 26, 1625, Ralph Worsley 
pays to Edmund Piatt the additional sum of J? 129 14s., being in all 
^550, and the estate was finally conveyed to the Worsleys without 
further power of redemption. Portions of the estate were, at the 
time of its transfer, under lease to George Travis and Thomas Shel- 
merdine. By a bond dated January 25, 1625-6, Edmund Piatt 
pledges himself and his family '' peaceablie and quietlie to flitt, re- 
move and depart out of and from all that capitall messuage or dwell- 
ing house called The Platt.^^ He retired to Blackley, where he died 
shortly afterwards, and all further traces of the family were lost. 

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piatt of ^latt 

OUbert, father of Henry del Platt.- 

Henry del Piatt. -CecUia, dan. of William de la More. 

Rojrer del Pl&tt, 
17 Edw. I. (1288). 

Elena del Piatt Deyisea certain lands to Richard, son 
of Robert del Piatt, which had been enfeoffed to her by 
Roger del Piatt 17 Edw. III. (1343). 

Robert del Platt,-Loreta,dan.of 

23 Edw. 1 1 1. (1340). I Living 1860. 

Will dated 1360. 

Richard del Platt,- 
8on and heir, 23 
Edw. III. (1349). 
IXeTisee of his 
kinswoman Elena 
del Piatt 

John del Platt,- 
23 Edw. III. 
(1340). Exe- 
cutor of his 
father's wUl. 
Ujlng 1374. 




Elena del Piatt, 
wife of Robert 
de Milkewalle- 
Blade 23 Edw. 
III. (1340). . 

del Piatt, 
23 Edw. 

Robert de iiiikewalle- John de Mllkewalle- 
slade, son and heir, slade, 23 Edw. III. 
23 Edw. III. (1S40K 


John del Piatt, Richard del Pbttt, Nicholas del Piatt.- Adam del Piatt, Alonla del Piatt, 
living 14 Rid I. living 4B Edw. III. 14 Ric II. (1390), i 48 Edw. III. wife of Oeoflnrey 
(1390). (1874). s Hen. Y. (1415). (1874). Edmundson, 

living 7 Ric. IL 

j (1383). 

Richard del Piatt, 3 Hen. Y. (141 6). -Katharine, dan. of 

Dead 18 Hen. y I. (14S9). WUl dated I Living 3 Hen. Y. (1416) 
Sept 4, 1439. I and 28 Hen. YI. (14*9). 

John Flatt, executor under his— Constance .'dau. of 

fathers will. Living 12 Edw. I Y. I . Living 1468 

(1472); dead 5 Hen. VJI. (1489). | and later in 1493. 

Geofflrey Piatt, 
living 14?9; 
named in his 
father's will. 

Richard Plati, son and heir,- 
living 1489. j 

John Flatt of Rusholme, Gtont,— Jane, widow of Jnmes Lawrence 
2 Edw. YL (1648). Dead 1663. of Manchester. 


J ' 1 

Annes (?) -Richard Piatt of Piatt, Gent,— Isabel, dun. of William Piatt,— 

Living 1666. 19 Elicab. (1676). Inq.p.m.35 Living younger son, 2 ' 

Elizab. (1603). Bur. at CoU. 1593. Bur. at Edw. VI. (1648). 

Ch. June 3, 1508. Will dated Coll. Ch. Nov. Bur. at Coll. Ch. 

Aug. 4, 169a . 24,1617. March 17, 1596. 

William Piatt, John Piatt 

son and heir. Rapt at Coll. 

Bapt at Coll. Ch. Sept 7, 

Ch. June 28,1683. 1694. 

Elizabeth Piatt Bapt at 
CoIL Ch. May 9, 1682. ^Yife 
of William Worsley; ma 
at Eccles Nov. 22, 160L 

John Piatt, — Eliaabeth, dau. of 
eon and heir. Thomas Birch of 
Bur. at Coll. Birch.Gent Mar- 
ch. June 22, riage Settlement 
1687, in vit. dated Dee. 16.1576. 
pat. Living a widow 


Elizabeth, -Edmund Piatt,. Joane, 

dan. of yonngersonbut dau. of 

heir to his fa- 

ther , set 8 in the Living 

35 Elizab. 11592). a widow 

Sold the Piatt 1633. 
estate to Ralph 
Worsley 1625. 

Bur. at 
Coll. Ch. 
Jan. 9, 

Margaret Piatt, 
living unmar- 
ried 1670. 

An Infant. 
Bur. at 
Coll. Ch. 
Jan. 0, 

John Flatt, 
son and heir. 

Richard PUtt 
Bapt at Coll. 
Ch. April 8, 

Isabel! Piatt 
Ch. Nov. 17, 

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The Worsleys of Piatt claim descent from Elias de Workesley, 
lord of Worsley, a Crusader, who, attending Robert Duke of Nor- 
mandy in his expedition to the Holy Land, after many triumphs 
over the infidels, died at Rhodes and was buried there. A pedigree 
given in the Harl. MSS. (2100, fo. 32) "collected,'' as it states, "from 
deeds of y® auntient family of Worsley of Worsley,'' derives them 
from this source, and connects with the ancient stock Nicholas 
Worsley of Manchester, the scion with whose name the pedigree 
commences which was submitted to Sir William Dugdale at the 
Lancashire Visitation of 1664. 

Nicholas Worsley is described as son and heir of Otes Worsley of 
Newham Green near Worsley, by Ciceley, daughter of Nicholas 
Bigby of Harrock. He was residing in Manchester in 1598. His 
younger son Charles followed the trade of a linen draper, and, pros- 
pering in business, purchased certain lands in Rusholme in 1614, as 
the following abstract testifies: — By indenture dieted March 31, 
1614, Oswald Mosley of Manchester, Gent., for and in consideration 
of the sum of <^280, bargained, aliened, sold, &c., to Charles Wors- 
ley of Manchester, linen draper, all those tenements, lands, &c., in 
Rusholme late in the tenure of Richard Birch and George Birch his 
grandson, known by the several names, the Wheatfield, the Croft, 
the Breadie Buttes or Breadie landes, the Banke, the Hobearthe, the 
Withens, the Ouldearthe, the Bamelanton, the fourth part of the 
Houlgate Meadow^ the Acre, the Half-acre^ and the Seaven Falls 
(which three last parcels are situate in the Rusholme Meadow). No 
acreage is given to the lands thus conveyed. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Raph Gee of Manchester and sister of Alice Clark, wife 
of George Clarke, the munificent founder of the Charity in Manches- 
ter which bears his name, and dying in 1641 left issue, Baph, his 
son and heir ; Edward, his second son, who married and resided in 
Withington ; Cicely, wife of John Browns word of Manchester ; and 
Alice, wife of Thomas Bolton of Salford, yeoman.* 

' By indenture made February 7, 1615, between Thomas Boulton of Salford in the 
oonnty of Lancaeter, yeoman, upon the one part, and George Gee of Leigh in the said 


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Baph Worsley, eldest son of the aforesaid Charles, was bom in 
1592. He married first Isabel, daughter and heiress of Edward 
Massey of Manchester^ Gent., and widow of Alexander Ford of 
Wigan, Gent.i The marriage-settlement is dated January 11, 1620, 

county of Lancaster, derk, and Edward Worsley of Manchester in the county afore- 
said, chapman, upon the other part, It is witnessed that the said Thomas Boulton, for 
and in consideration of a marriage already had and solemnized between him the said 
Thomas Boulton and Alice his now wife (daughter of Charles Worsley of Manchester 
aforesaid, yeoman) and for a convenient and sufficient jointure to- be had and made 
unto or for the said Alice out of the lands &o. of the said Thomas Boulton, doth cove- 
nant, grant and fully agree to and with the said Gkorge Gee and Edward Worsley, 
that he the said Thomas Boulton shall and will on this side and before the feast of 
Easter next ensuing after the day of the date hereof lawfully and sufficiently convey 
to the said G^rge Gee and Edward Worsley all that the bam with the appurte- 
nances, situate in or near adjoining to a certain street or lane in Salford called the 
Gravel Hole, together with the garden, croft, or parcel of land at the back of the 
said barn, and all the closes and parcels of land with their appurtenances, lying in 
Salford aforesaid, called by the several names of the Wheat-croft, the New Intack, 
the Hanging Meadow, the Hall Cliff, the Dole, or parcel of land lying at the back of 
the now dwelling-house of Anne Bradshaw, widow, and the Bole or parcel of land 
lying at the back of the now dwelling-house of George Ouldam, — to the immediate 
use of the said Thomas Boulton and his assigns for and during his natural life ; and 
from and after the death of the said Thomas Boulton, then to the use of the said Alice 
(now wife of the said Thomas Boulton) and her assigns for her natural life ; and from 
and after the death of the longer liver, then to the use and behoof of the heirs males 
of the body of the said Thomas Boulton lawfully begotten and to be begotten upon 
the body of the said Alice his now wife ; and in default of such issue, then to the use 
and behoof of the heirs and assigns of the said Thomas Boulton for ever. 

> The family of Massey had resided in Manchester for some generations. From 
the presentment of the jurors at the Court Leet, held October 4, 1668, we find that 
" Katherine, late wyffe of Hamnet Massey is deceased since the last court daie, and 
that Bandle Massey her sonne is her heire and at lawfull age and readie at this present 
to take his oath and doe the lord servisse according to the custome of this mannpr** 
&C. Bandle Massey died, as appears from the same source, in the last year of the 
reign of Elizabeth, leaving Edward his son and heir of fiill age. Edward, son of 
Bandle and grandson of Hamnet, married first in 1686 (marriage settlement dated 

May 12 in that year) Anne, daughter of and secondly Margaret, daughter of 

who was living a widow in 1626. By his first wife he had issue, Joel, living 

in 1608, and Isabel married (1.) Alexander, son and heir of WiUiam Ford of Swyndley 
Woodhouses in the parish of Wigan, Gent, (marriage settlement dated October 2S, 
1617), and (2.) Baph Worsley of Piatt, Gent., as above. The residence of the Masseya 

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the irogteeB named therein being Charles Worsley of Manchester, 
jeoman, Edward Massie of Manchester, Q«nt., George Clarke of the 
same, haberdasher, and John Dawson of the same, yeoman. The 
issue of this marriage was Charles, the eldest son and heir, of whom 
we shall hereafter have more particularly to speak ; Edward^ rector 
of Bunton in the county of Norfolk and of Letheringsett in the same 
county; and George, of Blakestake in the parish of Manchester. His 
second wife (married in 1629) was Elizabeth, daughter of George 
"Walker of the parish of Ashton-under-Lyne and widow of John 
Booth of Manchester,' by whom he had the following issue : Baph, 
of Pembroke College, Oxford, parson of Macclesfield in the county 
of Chester, and in 1668 vicar of Egmanton in the county of Notts ; 
and Elizabeth, married to the Bev. Joseph Ottiwell, parson of Aston 
in the county of Chester and of Ellesmere in the county of Salop. 
By his third wife Martha, daughter of George Siddall of Milke* 
walleslade, Gent., he had no issue. 

At his father's death he succeeded to the business, and contributed 
much to the prosperity of the family. He had, for the period, exten- 
sive dealings with weavers residing in the villages around Man- 
chester, to whom he entrusted yam for the purpose of having it 
woven into cloth, afterwards disposing of the same at his shop in 
Manchester. In 1625 he was enabled to add to his father^s original 
purchase of lands in Busholme by annexing thereto the Piatt estate, 
which henceforth became the distinguishing abode of the family. 

wa9 ^ in the Milnegate neere unto a streete comonly called Toad Lane," where thej 
were leseees of the Flatts of Busholme. 

^ By this marriage an estate in Mostou, the purchase' of her deceased husband John 
Booth from the family of Street, was conveyed to the Worsleys, iu whose representa- 
tire it is now vested. Letters of administration of her late husband's effects were 
granted to Elizabeth Booth his widow April 9, 1629, and from an inventory dated 
July 6 it is seen that John Booth followed the same trade as did Baph Worsley, 
several weavers whose names are given, residing in the villages of Moston, Newton 
and Blackley, being in his debt at the time of his decease to the amount of £338 
17s. 9d. for yam supplied to them. The issue of her first marriage with John 
Booth consisted wholly of daughters — Elizabeth, Martha, wife of John Stonehewer 
of Manchester, Sarah and Mary, the latter of whom became the wife of her after- 
wards celebrated step-brother Charles Worsley. 

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From many memoranda still remaining he was evidentlj a man of 
considerable intelligence, of great energy and of active business 
liabits. Tn his later years, having retired from business, he found 
occupation in managing his estate and in superintending the trusts 
reposed in him by others in the many executorships and trusteeships 
he was solicited to undertake. In the contentions which marked 
the reign of Charles the First he took sides with the parliament and 
approved of their deeds^ and, as appears from the journals of the 
House of Commons of this period, was a member of the parliamentary 
sub-committee of accounts sitting at Manchester in May 1648. He 
died November 6, 1669, at an advanced age, having lived to see the 
monarchy restored. His will is dated September 1, 1668, and is as 
follows : — In the name of God, amen. This first day of September 
in the year of our Lord God one thousand six hundred three score 
and eight, I, Raph Worsley of Piatt within Bushulme within 
Withington in the county of Lancaster, Gent., being in health of 
body and in good and perfect memory, praised be God, knowing 
death to be certaine but the houre and time of it most uncertaiife, 
doe constitute, ordaine and make this my last will and testament 
in manner and forme followinge — To witt, fl5rst and principally, I 
coinend my soule into the hands of Almighty God my Creator and 
Maker, and my body to the earth, to be buried in Christian maner 
att the discretion of my executors hereafter named ; and as concern- 
inge such worldly goods and chattells as God of His great goodnesse 
hath bestowed upon mee, it is my will and mind that all my debts, 
funerall expenses, and all other soine or somes of money which my 
executors may have cause to lay out about the execution of this my 
last will and testament, may be paid forth or out of my whole goods, 
debts and chattels. Item it is my will and mind that that some of 
one hundred pounds of lawful money of England which my loving 
wife Martha Worsley before her marriage with me agreed to accept 
in full discharge and satisfaction of what my said wife may challenge 
or demand att or after my decease out of all or any of my lands, 
goods, debts or chattels, may be paid to my said wife by my exe- 
cutors hereafter named, within three months next after my decease. 

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Item I doe give and bequeftth unto my only daughter M^^ Eliza- 
beth Ottiwell> in lewe of her portion or child's part of all my goods, 
debts and chattels, the sum of ^200 of lawful money of England. 
Item I doe give and bequeath unto my loving sonne Mr. Edward 
Worsley of Letheringsett in Norfolke one hundredth pounds of law- 
ful money of England, in full of his portion. Item I doe give and 
bequeath unto my youngest sonne Mr. Baph Worsley of Egmenton 
in the countie of Nottingham the sume of <£50 of lawAil money of ' 
England, in full of his portion. Item I give and bequeath unto my 
granchild Baphe Worsley, sonne and heire of my deare deceased 
Sonne Mr. Charles Worsley, my bed-stid and presse in the greate 
chamber of my dwelling-house att Piatt, the cheese-presse in the 
brew-house, with the stone trough under it, the best meale-arke and 
the greate arke in the barne. Item I give and bequeath unto my 
Sonne George Worsley the sum of <£^20 of lawful money of England, 
in fiill payment, satisfaction and discharge of his filial portion or 
child's part of all my goods, debts and chattels, or of what sume or 
sumes of money my said sonne George Worsley maye in any kind 
claime, challenge or demande out of my goods, debts and chatties, in 
regard I have heretofore given unto my said sonne George Worsley 
and duly paid the same a very considerable portion of .£^200, as my 
said sonne very well knoweth, besides other valuable considerations. 
Item I give and bequeath unto my granchild Baph Worsley, sonne 
and heire of my aforesaide sonne Mr. Charles Worsley deceased, my 
messuage and tenement called the Yeildhouse for and during all 
such terme and interest as I have in the same, my said granchild 
paying, doing and performing all such rents, taxes and reperations 
as may be chargeable upon the same during the said term and time. 
Item I doe give and bequeath unto my granchild Charles Worsley, 
younger sonne of my aforesaid sonne Mr. Charles Worsley, ^20, to 
be paid to my said granchild by my executors within one month 
after my said granchild shall accomplish the age of twenty-one 
yeares, if he be then living. Item I doe give and bequeath unto 
my loving wife Martha Worsley all my lands or ground in Levens- 
hnlme in the tenure and occupation of Thomas Broome carrier, and 

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that ffee farme yearly rent of thirty-nine shillings and eightpence 
issuing forth or out of one messuage and tenement heretofore in the 
tenure and occupacon of John Alexander and "William Birch or their 
assignes, within Grindlow aforesaid, to have and to hold the said 
land or ground and the said yearly rent of thirty-nine shillings and 
eightpence unto my said wife for and during the terme and time of 
her naturall life, if shee my said wife doe soe long keep her self chast 
and not maried to any other man, and not otherwise, my said wife 
yielding, paying and performing all such rents, lays and taxations as 
may be chargeable upon the same during the said ternie and time. 
Item it is my will and mind that forasmuch as I might leave unto 
my wife a considerable joynture out of my lands at Piatt for and 
during the time of her natural life, but am not willing soe much to 
prejudice my granchild Ralph Worsley, who is to succeed me, yet it 
is my will and mind that my said granchild Baph Worsley or whom- 
soever may come to have that estate after me, shall and may allow 
and provide that my said wife may have sufficient meate and drinke 
fitting for her at Piatt, and the chambers at Piatt wherein my de- 
ceased Sonne Mr. Charles Worsley and Martha Worsley were accus- 
tomed to lye, for and during the naturall life of my said wife, if my 
said wife do so long keep her self chast and unmaried to any other 
man, and will be pleased therewith ; but if that hereafter there should 
any difference or dislike grow betwixt my said wife and my said 
granchild Raph Worsley, it is then my will and mynd that my said 
granchild Raph Worsley shall pay unto my said wife the full and 
just sum of £4^ of lawful money of England yearely during the 
natural life of my said wife (if she live so long chast and unmaried) 
in lewe of her diet and chambers at Piatt as is aforesaid, and then 
my said wife to provide for her self as she seeth good. Item I give 
and bequeath unto my sonne George Worsley all that time, terme 
and interest that I have in one messuage with the appurtenances in 
or neare a certain street in Manchester there called the Marketstid- 
lane, which was granted unto me by one Thomas Walker of Dids- 
bury and others for several years yet unexpired. Item I do give 
and bequeath unto my granchild Charles Worsley aforenamed the 

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Bum of <f 40 of lawful money of England, to be paid unto the said 
Charles Worsley within one month after he shall accomplish the 
age of twenty-one years by his brother Raph Worsley forth of the 
rents of one messuage. in Manchester, there called the Smithy-doore, 
in the holding of one Robert Johnson and others ; and if the said 
£4:0 be not paid to my said granchild at the time aforesaid either by 
my granchild Raph Worsley or by who ever may hold the said mes- 
suage at that time, in that cause it is my will and mynd that if the 
said sum of ^40 as aforesaid be not pai^ to my granchild Charles 
Worsley at the time aforesaid, in that cause it is my will that my 
granchild Charles Worsley shall receive the rents, issues and profits 
of that messuage w^ the appurtenances until my said granchild 
Charles Worsley may have received to his own use the said sum of 
if 40 over and above all rents issuing out of that messuage, charges 
and reprises, and no longer. Item it is my will and mind, and I 
do hereby devise, give and bequeath all the rest and residue of my 
goods, debts and chattels not herein formerly disposed of, if there be 
any remaining, to and amongst my three sons Mr, Edward Worsley^ 
George Worsley, Mr. Raph Worsley, and my daughter M™ Eliza- 
beth Ottiwell, to be divided amongst them four by even and equal 
portions ; and if any of my sons or doughter be refractory and not 
well content with this my disposition, but contradict the same or go 
about to make frustrate the same, it is my will and mind that he or 
they which shall so do shall be wholly deprived of what is given to 
him or them by this my last will and testament, and what is hereby 
bequeathed unto him or them that are not well content with this 
my disposal shall be equally divided amongst them that are content 
with this my disposition. And lastly, I do hereby disannul, make 
frustrate and voide all former and other last wills, guifts, legacies 
and bequests which I may heretofore have formerly made, given and 
bequeathed ; and I do hereby ratify and confirm this for my last 
will and testament ; and for the execution thereof, I do hereby no- 
minate and appoint my loving son George Worsley and my loving 
granson Raph Worsley aforesaid executors of this my last will and 
testament, intreating ^em to see this my will and mind in all points 

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perfonned, as my trust is that they will do. In witness whereof I 
have hereunto sett my hand and seale the day and yeare first above 
written. Witnesses: William Jackson^ Baph Fletcher, Baph 
Livesey. Proved at Chester November 26, 1669. 

The inventory of Baph Worsley, Gent., is dated November 14', 
1669. The total value of his goods and chattels is estimated at 
^1261 6s. lid., and includes under their several heads the following 
items : — 

Stock and Farm produce : — 

Thirteen cowes, one w*^ anoth' at 3^^ 0» 0^ a peece 39 00 

One bull calfe 01 10 

OnebuU.. 02 10 

One calfe 00 16 

The blind horse and blacke maire 02 10 

Baymaire 03 00 

Afilly 05 10 

Gray maire , 06 00 

The pacinge horse 04 10 

Tow great hogges 03 00 

Three young sboates 03 00 

In hay 20 00 

In oates thresht and unthresht 10 00 

In barley and beanes unthresht 07 00 

In the Hall : — 

A lookeinge glasse 00 00 06 

Tow tables, tow fibrmes, and tow course stooles.. 01 08 00 

Three seeld chaires 00 18 00 

One ouldclocke, one ould habbeard 00 06 00 

One ould flSre iron 00 06 00 

In the Great Parlor : — 

One standing bed 0110 00 

In curtaines, valandes, rodds and ringes 00 13 04 

One ffeather bed, tow boulsters and tow pillowes 02 12 00 
The Buttry : — 

Tow barriUs with drinke in y™, one ould barrill 00 16 00 

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A bread losset [flat wooden dish] tow costrillB 

[wooden bottles] tow kimnells [tubs] 

12 trenchers, a swirt, &o 

The Milke House : — 
The Womans Parlor : — 
The Little Parlor : — 
The Brewhouse : — 

One washing runge 00 02 00 

Three milking piggins, one sigh [sieve or strainer] , 

one brass scimmer 00 02 08 

The Kitchin with Bessy Parlor : — 

An hundred G&j three poundes of pewter att 

eleyen pence y« pounde came to 07 00 03 

An hundred ffifty seaven pounde of brasse att 7^ 

apounde 04 02 04 

In three skellits [brass pots] 00 03 00 

The kneading tumell [trough] and board under 

it 00 01 06 

One paire of gobertes [racks for chimnies] one 
brundrith [an iron tripod fixed over the fire 

on which a pan or kettle is placed] &o 00 13 00 

One lanthome, an hour glasse, bellowes 00 01 08 

The Drinke house :— 

Tow runges^ one tundish and an hose 00 04 00 

One ffaire brewing keare [mash-tub] with the 

thro it stands on 00 10 00 

The Cheese Chamber : — 

In the worser sort of cheese 01 19 08 

In the better sort of cheese 02 04 00 

The Arke Chamber : — 
The Boarde Loft : — 

fforty six yards of inch boards and an halfe 00 19 02 

Sixteene yardes and halfe of ash boards 00 04 08 

Eleven yards of ratchmentes .... 00 02 08 

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The Little Chamber : — 

One standing Bed; 71 ponndes of ffeather bed 

ticke after 8d a pound 03 0104 

The Generall'^s Chamber : — [the whole contents given] 

One standing bed 01 00 00 

Valandes, curtaines and roddes 00 16 00 

One coveringe and one blankett, one chafie bedd, 

one matt 01 01 00 

One ffeather bed 01 08 08 

PiUowes 01 00 OS 

One court cupboard with its ooTeringe 00 16 00 

One table 00 09 00 

One chaire, tow backe stooles, tow other stooles 

and a little one 00 19 00 

One picture and one coate of armes 00 08 00 

The Qreat Chamber : — 

The Middle Chamber : — 

The High Chamber : — 

The Little Chamber and Closett : *— 

The Yame Chamber : — 

In white jame of several sortes 268 17 00 

In boulsters white and stript 65 05 00 

Tow great Bibles and an ould one 00 18 00 

One statute booke 00 04 00 

In Wearing Apparell : — 

In one suite as jump, doublett and breeches 01 00 00 

One sattan doublet, jump and breeches 01 15 00 

One blew coate 00 13 04 

One rugggowne 00 10 00 

In Rentes due and good 09 17 00 

In Desperate Eentes and Debtes 11 09 00 

In Gould, fforty peeces little and great 32 00 00 

In Plate weighing jffive pounde eleven ounces after 5" 

theounce 22 15 00 

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In Gould and Silver Ringes 03 00 00 

InOoine. 144 06 04 

In Debtes for Yarae and Caoath 176 OS 00 

From the number of apartments specified in the inventory it is 
evident that the house must have been of considerable dimensions. 
It was of lath and plaster, and its site was not far distant from the 
modem structure which has superseded it. It occupied in part the 
area of the present garden and faced towards what is now the turn- 
pike road. It was rebuilt in 1764 at a cost of £10,000.^ 

Amongst the many papers in the handwriting of Balph Worsley 
which still find a resting place at Piatt is a Diary relating chiefly to 
family occurrences, commencing with the year 1605 and terminating 
with 1 668. It is written in a volume wherein had been already 
inscribed many memoranda of a family named Bamon, for one of 
whose members Balph Worsley had acted as testamentary executor. 

The earlier entries are in French, but as these with one exception 
have no connexion either with the Worsleys or with Manchester 
itself, they are omitted in the subjoined extracts : — 

1605. L^an 1605 la maladye de la peste fut grieve en Manchester 
dont en mourut cette ann^e 22 cent ou envyrons. 

1645. June — . Borne Sarah, doughter of Charles Worsley of 

1646. Oct. 2. Martha Worsley, doughter of Charles Worsley of 
PlatJ w*^>in Bushulme, was borne. 

1647. Feb. 7. Baphe Worsley, sonne of Charles Worsley, was 
borne at Piatt, Monday the 7th of ffebr. about ten a clocke 
in the evening, and was baptized at Birch Chappell the 13th 
day of the same moneth. 

1648. July 7. Paid to my sister Cycley Brownsword one half 
yeres rent due 24th of June last past for my chamber at her 
house, v». 

1648. July 16. Ther fell soe much raine in- Manchester in tow 

1 QetUleman's Mag,^ toL Ixix. p. 434. 

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houres tjme that in the henging dich [Hanging Ditch] it 
was more then tow yards and an half deepe» and in other 
partes of the towne the streetes weare very d/eepe w*^ water, 
many sellers cleane filled up w^^ water^ to the great wonder 
and astonishment of the behoulders herof. 

1648. Aug. 17) Thursday. Theire was a sharpe battell fought 
upon [blank] Moore about tow myles from Preston in Lan- 
oashere betweene Leiuetennant Grenerall Gromwells fforces 
and the great bodie of the Scotch fforces under comand of 
Ducke Hamleton [JDuke of Hamilton], in w<^^ battell L.G^n. 
Cromwell was victorius and slew many, and pursued the 
Scotts from the place aforsaid through Preston to Corley 
and soe to Standich Moore, from thence to Wigan and soe to 
Newton and from thence to Warrington, in all which places 
wear many sharpe battells in which many of the Scots fell, 
10,000 prisoners taken, and many more Scotts which fled 
further into the kingdom weare in sundry places taken pri- 
soners, among whom was taken at Utsiter [Uttoxeter] in 
Stafordsshere Duke Hamleton theire generall, w^^ 2,500 
horse, S' Marmaduke Langdell w^ many others in seyerall 
other places. 

1648. January 22. Robert Bardsley cam to his serviss, and is to 
have after 50s. the yeare. 

1648. March 12, Munday, Paid to one John Hardman of Boul- 
ton, trooper, for one sad bay horse w*^ crop eares^ w<* horse 
the said Hardman said he had in an exchang of a Gorporall 
Key in Capt. Buterworth troop, and the said Gorporall had 
the sam gelding of Bichard Bradshaw of Boulton, comisary. 
I saie paid to the said Hardman for the said horse the day 
above, the some of vj^^ xij« vj^. 

1648. March 24, Saterday. At 3 in the morning, Mary, the wyff 
of Gharles Worsley of Piatt w*^in Rushulme, was delivered 
of a litle doughter tow moneths before her tyme, w^^ said 
doughter died the same day about three of the clocke in the 
after noone. 

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1649, April 1. The let of Aprill following, being in 1649, the 
afforesaid Mary, the wyff of Charles Worsley of Piatt affor- 
said, died abont 3 of the clocke in the after noone, and was 
buried at Birch Ohappell upon Tuesday following being the 
third of the same moneth. 

1649. April 22. Thomas Worsley of Nuum Greene in Eokles 
pHsh died, and was buried the day following at Eokles. 

1649. April 24, Tuesday. George Worsley, sonne of Raphe 
Worsley of Piatt w*Mn Bushulme, was maryed to Mary, 
doughter of Edmund Sbelmerdine of Eenerdey in Northerden 
p^ish in Cheshere. 

1649. May 19, Saturday. Mary Stonhewer of Piatt w*in Bush- 
ulme, doughter of John Stonhewer by Martha his wyfie 
deceased, doughter of John Booth late of Manchester allso 
deceased, died at Piatt aforsaid, and was buried in the Birche 
Ghappell on Monday then next following. 

1649. July 12. Sould to Nicholas Barton 7^^ 3o* of whit Irish 
yorne [yarn] at 2^ 2^ a ^S 00 15 07. 

1650. May 4, Saterday. About 6 of clocke in the evening. Raphe, 
Sonne of the aforesaid George Worsley and Mary his wife, 
was borne at Eenerden aforsaid, and was baptized at Nor- 
therden aforsaid the 12th day of same May. 

1650. July 19, Fryday. At Gheetam Hill was the first muster of 
L'tenn. Ooll. Charles Worsleys souldiers. The second in 
the same place August 2, 1 650. 

1650. Aug. 19. Leiuetennant Coll. Charles Worsley set forward 
towards the north w*^ the regiment. August 24, Leiueten- 
nant Coll. Charles Worsley came to Skipton. September 2, 
he came to Durram. September 3, to New Castle. Septem* 
ber 9, to Barwicke. September 12, to Edenborow. 

] 650. Sept. 3. The battell at Dunbar in Scotland was fought. 

1650. Nov. 2. Upon Saterday the 2 of November 1660 I agreed 
with John Burdsell of the Milgate in Manchester to cary my 
armes during the serviss ; and for his paines I have given 
him in hand xxxS one greene coate, and am to pay him dayly 


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j> when he w^ the rest of his company is trained ; and when 
his is to go forth of the countie opon serviss I am to pay him 
xxx» more. 
1650. Nov. 16, Saterday. Sister Joane Ghtrside died at Green- 
ackers at cosen James Leezes house, and was buried at 
Ouldam upon Monday following. 

1650. Deo. 1. The battell of Handeton in Scotland was fought. 

1651. March 20. Elizabeth Worsley was maried to Mr.Ottiwell. 

1652. Oct. 6. My eldest sonne^ Lt. Coll. Charles Worsley, was 
maried to M'*^ Dorathie Eenion at Parke hed neere Wholey 
[Whalley] by Mr. Briskoe. 

1652. Oct. 11. I, Raphe Worsley, did set forward to ride to- 
wardes London, and the 5th day of November then next fol- 
lowing I came to my owne house. 

1652. Oct. 18. My *sonn, Lt. Coll. Charles Worsley, with his 
wyffe, did sett forward from Flatt to ride to London. 

1652. Oct. 18. My sonne Raphe Worsley came home from Ox- 

1653. May 22. My sonn, Mr. John Stonewer aforsaid, died at 
Parke hed in Wholey, and was buried at Wholey on Tues- 
day following, being 24th of the same moneth. 

1653. June 2, Thursday. The great sea feight betweene the 
Inglish and the Hollanders began, and continued 3 or 4 
days [under Admiral Blake and Van Tromp] . 

1653. July 19. Charles Worsley, sonne of Mr. Charles Worsley, 
was borne at Parke hed in Lancashire, July 19, 1653, and 
was baptized the 24th of the sam moneth by Mr. JoUey att 
Altera [Altham]. 

1654. Oct. Dorathy, doughter of Lt. CoUonell Charles Worsley, 
was borne at James House [St. James' Palace], neer West- 

1655. Major Generall Charles Worsley, comander of Lancashir, 
Chishir, and Stafordshire, was caled to that comand 1655. 

1656. May 25. Roger, the sonne of Major Generall Charles 
Worsley, was baptized at Wholey by Mr. Eaton. 

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1658. June 8. My dooghter Elizabeth, w^ her husband Mr. 

Ottiwell, went towards Wrenbury. 
1664. A^Mril 24. Edward, the sonne of my sonne G-eorge Worsley 

of Blakestake, was baptized at Didsbury, and was borne* 

about the 13th day of the same moneth. 
1664. July 30, being Saterday. Sarah, the doughter of my sonne 

Creorge Worsley, died at Blakestake, and was buried at Birch 

Chappell the day following in the evening. 

1667. March 23. Martha, the doughter of Major Generall 
Gharles 'Worsley, was maried at Birch Ohapell to William 
the sonne of William Higinbotom of Salford. 

1668. Feb. 13. William, the sonne of William Higinbotom of 
Salford, was borne the 13th of fiebruary 1668, and was bap- 
tized the 2th of March then next following^ by Mr. Hyde, 
minister at Salford Chapel. 

Betuming to the issue of Baph Worsley by his wife Isabel Massey, 
we have his eldest son and heir Gharles Worsley, who became one 
of the most distinguished officers in the service of the Common- 
wealth. He was bom at Flatt and was baptized at the Collegiate 
Church, Manchester, June 30, 1622, the same day on which his 
brother Edward also was baptized. The silence of the registers on 
this point renders it improbable that they were twin-brothers, but 
this may, notwithstanding, have been the case. Inheriting from 
his &ther the Puritan sentiments of the age, he carried with him 
those feelings into a more extended sphere, and adopting arms as a 
profession he took his stand with the parliament against the king. 
He was a captain in the parliamentary forces in 1644^ and though 
nothing is said of his zeal in the cause his rapid promotion proves 
it, for in 1650 he had reached the step of lieutenant-colonel. He 
appears to have had some share in raising a regiment for the service 
of the state, and being appointed to the command of it he marched 
into Scotland in August 1650 to the aid of Cromwell, arriving too 
late to participate in the victory at Dunbar, though sharing probably 
the successes of the rest of the campaign. He was still in Scotland 

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in April 1651, but whether he remained there or accompanied 
Cromwell in his hurried march towards the south in pursuit of the 
king, which terminated in the overthrow of the latter at the battle 
'of Worcester^ is uncertain. The high qualifications of Colonel 
Worsley did not escape the notice of Cromwell, who, about this 
time, gave him the command of his own regiment of foot — an 
appointment which attached him more closely to the person of that 
ambitious general ; and in this capacity he accompanied Cromwell 
on an occasion memorable in the annals of England, when on the 
20th of April 1663 he dissolved the long parliament. Of Colonel 
Worsley^s personal share in the events of that day, history speaks. 
Summoned to attend his chief with a band of three hundred men, 
he remained outside the House of Parliament until the signal should 
be given requiring their presence within ; nor was that signal long 
delayed. Stamping with his foot, the signal agreed upon, Cromwell 
conveyed to them his wishes, and immediately his soldiers rushed in 
and surrounded him. Having displaced the speaker, he next turned 
to Algernon Sydney that staunch republican, who happened that 
day to be seated next to the speaker : '^ Put him out ! ^^ cried Crom- 
well to Harrison. Harrison instantly ordered Sydney to go out, but 
Sydney said he would not go out, and sat still till the general said 
again: "Put him out!" and Harrison and Worsley, who com- 
manded CromwelFs own regiment of foot, laid their hands upon his 
shoulder as if they would force him ; then Sydney rose and went 
towards the door.^ Cromwell next advanced to the table where 
the mace lay, and pointing to it cried : '' Take away^that bauble 1 " 
The narrative does not state the name of the individual who obeyed 
these directions, but as from the journals of the House of Commons 
it appears when the next parliament met, in the month of July, 
that a message was sent by order of the house to Lieutenant-Colonel 
Worsley for the mace, there can be little doubt that it was he who 
charged himself with its safe custody when the order was issued tor 
its removal. 

On the 12th of December 1653 this parliament resigned its 
> Knight's Pictorial Sutory ofUnffland, vol. iii. p. 410. 

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powers to the Lord General Cromwell, and another being summoned 
by him in its place, to assemble on the 3rd of September 1654, he 
nominated Lieutenant- Colonel Charles Worsley of Piatt as the 
representative for Manchester, on which town^ for the first time^ the 
firanchise was then conferred. An official notification of his election 
was conveyed in the following terms : — This indenture, made the 
nineteenth day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand six 
hundred and fiftie-four, between Peter Bold Esquire, high sheriff of 
the county of Lancaster, of the one pait, and John Hartley Esq., 
John Hartley Gent., John Gilliam, Alexander Green, Edward 
Byrom^ Henry Dickenson, William Jackson, Thomas Dickenson, 
Henry Nield, Robert Boardman, Robert Fleetcroft, Robert Marler^ 
Richard Halliwell, Robert Owen, James Ottiwell, Samuel Harmer^ 
Arthur Buckley, John Broxupp, Philip Stampe, John Whitworth, 
Ralph Briddock, Gents., and Michael Buxton, James Lancashire, 
George Richardson, John Barlow, John Faulkner, John Ridings, 
Jonathan Gee, and John Ouldham, constables of the town and 
parish of Manchester, of the other part, Witnesseth that by virtue 
of a warrant unto the constables of the said town of Manchester 
and to the rest of the constables within the parish of Manchester 
aforesaid^ and from the said high sherifi^ to them directed, for the 
electing and choosing of one burgess of good understanding, know- 
ledge and discretion^ for causes concerning the public good of this 
Commonwealth, to be at his highness' parliament to be holden at 
Westminster the third day of September next^ we the said inhabit- 
ants there have made choice and election of Charles Worsley of the 
Piatt within the parish of Manchester aforesaid, Esquire, to be 
burgess of the said town and parish of Manchester, to attend the 
said parliament according to the tenor of the said warrant unto 
them the constables of the said town and the rest of the constables 
of the said parish of Manchester directed in such behalf, who, for 
himself and all the people of the said town and parish of Manchester 
aforesaid, hath foU power to do and consent unto those things which 
in the aforesaid parliament shall then and there by common counsel 
and consent happen to be ordained — provided, and it is hereby 

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deolared, that he shall not have power to alter the government as it 
is now settled in one single person and a parliament. In witness 
whereof we the parties above-named to these presents interchange- 
ably set our hands and seals the day and year above written. 

PiSTER Bold. 

This parliament continued to sit until the 22nd of January 
1654-6« when, having voted General Cromwell lord-protector of the 
three kingdoms, it was dissolved after a brief session of five months 
with but slight opportunity to Colonel Worsley for exhibiting any 
legislative talent he might possess. To him and several other mem- 
bers was entrusted (September 25, 1654) the bill for recognition of 
the government, and his name is found on several committees of the 
house — for ejecting scandalous ministers and schoolmasters — for 
the affairs of Ireland and for auditing or revising the public 

In October 1655 he was appointed by the Lord-Protector one of 
the ten general officers set over the kingdom to command the forces 
within their several precincts and to act as his vicegerents in the 
administration of public affairs. Their commission was to take a 
roll and account of all suspected persons of the king'^s party; and 
such as were actually so^ to receive security of them, in which they 
were to be bound to act nothing against the government and to 
reveal all plots that should come to their knowledge. They were 
to suppress all horse-races, cock-matches^ and other concourses of 
people; to secure the highways; to take engagements from royalists 
for their servants and children, and those that did not so nor give 
security, to conmiit to prison ; and to rate and receive money rising 
from this decimation. In short, there was nothing which they 
might not do, nor which they did not, such an arbitrary vast power 
they had from the Protector.^ He was advanced at the same time 
to the rank of major-general, and the oversight of the counties of 
Lancaster, Chester and Stafford assigned to him. The names of 
the other officers nominated with him were the Lord Deputy Fleet- 
> HeatVs ChnmeU, p. 878. 

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wood. Lord Lambert, General Desboroagh, Ool. Goffe, OoL Eelfl^, 
Col. Beny, Commissary-General Whalley, Major Butler, Major- 
General Skippon. '^This,^ says Thurloe in a letter to Henry 
Gromwell, the Protector^s second son, *' is the greatest creation of 
honours His Highnes hath made since his accesse to the Goveme* 
ment;' » 

On receiving the appointment, General Worsley at once threw 
himself into the duties of his office. Writing from Manchester ta 
the Gt>vemment, under the date November 3, 1655, he says : I have^ 
beene with most of the officers that command the oountie troops of 
Lancashire, Cheshire and Staffordshire, and have communicated unto- 
them that which was given mee in charge by his Highnes and Ooun- 
cell. And truely I find in them a spirret extraordinarily bent ta 
the worke, and I plainly discerne the finger of QoA goeinge alonge 
with it, which is indeed noe smale encouragement unto mee. The 
sence of the worke and my unworthynes and insufficiencie as to the 
right management of it is my onely present discouragement. Yet, 
however, this is the ground of my hope and comforth, that the Lord' 
is able to supply my wants and will appeare in weake instruments 
for His glory to the perfectinge of His worke. I shall (through the 
grace of God) discharge my trust in faithfulbes to those that have 
imployed mee ; and I omit noe opportunitie nor avoyd paines wherein 
my weake endeavours may bee usefull. I am hopefull to have the 
Commissioners of Lancashire togather upon Thursday next — them 
for the cittie and countie of Cheshire the weeke following — and 
them of Staffordshire foure dayes afterwards. In a short tyme I am 
hopefull to give you a good accompt of all.^ 

His next letter is more specific, detailing the points of discipline 
to which in particular he intended to address himself. It is dated 
Preston, November 9, 1655. As I informed you in my last, soe wee 
had our meeting yesterday att Preston, where wee had a considerable 
number of Commissioners. Wee have put ourselves into a method 
of proceedinge and have chosen a clerke, a messenger and a dore- 
keeper and brought our businesse to this issue as that wee have sent 

" 8tat0 Paperg, roL ir. p. 88. * IWd. toI. ir. p. 149. 

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order for divers off our great malignants in this county to apeare 
and to bringe in an exact account of there estates both reall and 
personall. Wee have done this not that wee shall rest upon there 
Burvay, but still take that course that wee may come to a full and right 
understanding of the full vallue, and proceede with them accordingly. 
Our next meetinge wil be the 29th of this instant. Upon Tuesday 
next I intend, if the Lord will, to bee at Chester, and soe to Stafford, 
and back here by that time of our next meetinge. I have alsoe got 
a day set for to sitt upon the ordinance for ejectinge of ignorant and 
Bcandelouse ministers and scoalmasters. I have daylie more and 
more encouridgnient that God will carry on this good worke. I 
have bene in divers tonnes and corporations and have acquainted 
them with something I have in chardg, and with the good people 
who doth noe litle rejoyse and seeme to be abondantly affected 
therewith, and promis to set hart and hand to this good worke ; and 
indeede I hope it will make itselfe (by the blessinge of God) a recon- 
sillinge worke. I find that Major Wildman hath a great estate in 
this county, bought and compounded for in his name. I beg a word 
of that from you by way of direction. If I here not from you I 
intend to sequester all that belongs to hime. I am hopeful! wee 
shall bring things to a good and blessed issue. I found many of the 
Oommissioners very free and resolved to be very active.^ 

In a letter of a date three days later, addressed to Secretary Thur- 
loe, he gives further particulars of his progress and ef the encourage- 
ment he met with in the prosecution of his plans : — By my last I 
gave you an account off our meetinge att Preston from which [ 
received much incouridgment. You may see by my last what pro- 
grese was then made ; and since that time I have with the assistance 
of the lieutenant of this county-troope, taken care that all Papists and 
malignants and evill affected persons be disarmed ; and that wee may 
not be in the least prevented have taken care that as much as possible 
it may be done in all parts of the county in one day. One thinge 
I had forgott in my last to signifye to you, and that is, that wee have 
apointted a time to put in execution the ordinance for ejectinge of 

' State Papers^ yol. iv. p. 179. 

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Boandelonse and insufficient ministers and scoolmasters. I have 
since bene in some corporations with the mayor and aldermen and 
the best of the people, to stir up and quicken to be puttinge in effec- 
tual execution the lawes against drunkennese, sweringe, profaineinge 
the Lord^s day and other wickedneses, and I indeede find a very 
great seeminge redinese, and I am hopeful! it''s very much upon 
there hart soe to doe. I hope, when wee have a litle more time to 
take some course to get out bad officers and put good in there roomes 
in corporations. But truly that which is none of the least incouridg* 
ments is that Qod hath alredy put into His people a prayinge sperit 
for this great and good worke ; and indeede I find it alredy in good 
men of differing principels.^ 

From Lancashire General Worsley proceeded into Cheshire, where 
his actions were a repetition of those already detailed. Under the 
date December 14, 1655, he recounts further confiscations against 
the Cheshire gentry, sympathisers of the murdered King, at a meet- 
ing held a few days previously at Middlewich. He adds : There 
beinge a horse-race apointted in this county the last weeke, beinge 
informed of it, I sent a party of the troop. They apprehended the 
chiefe actors and they took the horses, which I heare since I came to 
Manchester are still in custody.^ 

After completing these preliminary arrangements in Lancashire 
and Cheshire, he hastened to the third portion of his little princi- 
pality — Staffordshire — where likewise he summoned the Commis- 
sioners and other officials of the county, to whom he announced the 
same intentions as those he had before expressed, and from whom he 
received like promises of support. 

In December, 1655, he writes to the government for directions as 
to the confiscation of the estates of Lord Byron, now a prisoner at 
St. Jame8\ I have one thinge to mind you of, he adds in the course 
of the letter, about which I onst spoke to you, and that is about the 
postidge of my letters. There is such a multitude comes upon mee 
out of all parts that it puts mee to very great chardg, and not one of 
many but is about publick businese.^ 

> Staee Papers, vol. ir. p. 187. ' Ibid. rol. ir. p. 315. ' Ibid. rol. ir. p. 322. 

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On the 24th of Decemher he addresses himself directly to the 
Protector, recommending a tax on all estates of delinquents which 
exceed the annual value of £50, and not limiting it as heretofore to 
estates of <£^100 per annum. He complains that as the law now is, 
many escape who ought to be made liable to confiscation ; and con- 
cludes by stating that in the three counties over which his jurisdic- 
tion extends, he has, during the two months which have elapsed 
since Ids appointment, taxed the delinquents in Lancashire to the 
amount of <£^1,100 per annum, Cheshire «&1,500, and Staffordshire 
•ei,300 or ^1,400. i 

On the 21st of December he asks his Highness^ permission to 
occupy the Castle of Liverpool with one company of his regiment 
" till things be a little over.*" He states as the reason for his appli- 
cation that many of the great delinquents in this county are papists^ 
and are now beginning to fill the prisons, and that he fears he shall 
be troubled for a convenient place for them, as also for the safe 
custody of the arms, &o. he has. ^^ Wee are much trobled,'' he pro- 
ceeds, ^^ with them that are called quakers ; they treble the markets 
and get into private houses up and down in every towne, and drawe 
people after them. I have, and shall take what course I can. I 
have taken good bond for men and horse that were about the hors- 
race that should have bene.''^ ^ 

In the month of January he set himself to redress another social 
evil. '' I find it,'^ he says, '^ a difficult businese how to observe my 
instructions as to alehouses and not weaken that revenew, though 
truely it^s too visible that they are the very bane of the countys. 
Yesterday and the day before T mett the Commissioners and Justices 
for the hundred of Blackbome about these things specifyed in the 
orders, and we find that these alehouses are the very wombe that 
brings forth all manner of wickednese. Wee have ordered at least 
200 alehouses to be thrown down in that hundred^ and are catching 
up loose and vile persons.'' ^ 

He had now introduced the Commonwealth policy into the three 
counties over which he presided, and was enforcing the views of the 

» State Papers, vol. !▼. p. 340. ' Ibid, roL iv. p. 333. » Ibid, toL It. p. 460. 

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Protector and his Council with the utmost zeal, when suddenly his 
career was brought to a close. His labours, carried on from day to 
day without intermission, had begun at length to tell upon his 
health ; for, though young and active, the &tigue attendant on the 
discharge of his new duties, added to the constant scenes of excite- 
ment through which he was passing, were more than his strength 
enabled him to sustain. In May 1656, he was summoned to Lon- 
don by a letter from the Lord Protector, and the summons found him 
all but incapable of undertaking the journey. In a letter to Thurloe 
from Warrington, dated May 13, 1656, he writes thus. — 

Bight Honorable, 

Your^s beareinge date the 10th instant I received yesternight ; 
but as to his Highnese letter I have herd nothinge off it as yet, but 
by your'^B. I have bene now neere upon one mounth ridinge abroad 
in the three countyes and Chester cittie^ and had apointed a meet- 
inge to morrow at Bury. And indeede. Sir, I am not well. . My 
intent was to have taken a litle rest at my cominge home, and some 
phisick. But seeinge I have received this command, I intend (if 
the Lord will) to be with you with all speed ; but if not att the very 
day, it shal be because I am not able; but I shall take post and 
observe your commands as neere as possible. That^s all from 

Your honour^B faithfull servant, 


Warrington, the 13th May 1656. 

Accordingly he proceeded to London with as little delay as pos- 
sible, and, arriving there, took up his abode at St. James'^s Palace, 
a residence which had been assigned to him and his family two or 
three years previously. Here the inroads of disease became more 
apparent, and about nine o^cIock in the evening of Thursday, June 
12, he expired at the early age of thirty-five. He was interred the 
day following in Westminster Abbey, in Eang Henry VILA'S Chapel, 
near to the grave of Sir William Constable, his interment taking 

^ State Faper9, vol. r. p. 19. 

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place in the evening at nine o'clock, and being conducted with much 
pomp. Heath, in his Chronicle (p. 381), alluding to his early death, 
says, ^^ Worsley died before he could be good in his office, and was 
buried with the dirges of bell, book, and candle, and the peale of 
musquets, in no less a repository than Henry VII.'s Chapel, as be- 
came a Prince of the modem erection, and Oliver^s great and rising 

Nor was the testimony of those with whom he acted wanting to 
do honour to his memory. The Commissioners for the county of 
Chester, writing from Knutsford to the Protector and his Council 
within a week of General Worsley's death, convey the following esti- 
mate of his character : It hatH pleased God to deprive the Common- 
wealth and us of him [Worsley] which is a loss we cannot but be 
deeply affected with, having had so large and manifest experience «of 
his sincere zealous and upright endeavours both to the discharge of 
his trust and comfort and satisfaction of good menu's spirits.^ And 
the Secretary of State, conveying to the Protector's son Henry, the 
announcement of his death says. Major General Worsley died here 
at St. James upon Thursday last, of whom his Highness and the 
nation hath had a very great loss, having been a most trusty and 
diligent man.^ 

But perhaps the most valuable tribute paid him is to be found in 
the spontaneous and ready recognition of bis useftilness which was 
borne by the government under which he served. This was con- 
veyed to the father of the deceased in a letter from one Thomas 
Hartley, written apparently at the instance of the widow ; the ori- 
ginal is still preserved at Piatt : — 


I reseived youres by the last and am sory to heire of your 
grife and sorrow. My Lord Protector and his Counsell haith given 
won hundered pownd a yeare for ever to youre sones childeren, and 
tow hundered pownd in moneys to youre sones wife. Shoe remem- 
bers her duty unto you and would not have you thinke much that 

^ State TctfpeTM^ roL 7. p. 128. ^ Ibid, yol. y. p. 122. 

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shee haith [not] wryten unto you, for shoe haith not wryten unto 
her owne mother. Shee desires to know whether you come up or 
noe, and what course you intend to take about proving of the will.^ 
Shee will give you an account of every thinge. She is trobled that 
you have not bought your self morning, considering you have as 
much power as shee. Shee desires you to call for a bond of Leiv^ 
Gonper of a hundered pownd which monney is to bee reseived heire 
and cannot without the bond. And if you should come up it is de- 
sired that you will bring it or ells to send by some shur man. Soe 
having noe mor but my best respects unto you and your wife, 

I rest, yours to my power, 

Tho. Hartley. 
July 26, 1656. 

I have aquanted and ingaged frinds acording as you desired in 
your last letter. I desire the wellfare of you and the litle ones. 

Addressed : " ffor my very good frind Mr. Raphe Worsley of Plat, 
neir Manchester, in Lancashire.'** 

It has been recorded, but with no great appearance of probabihty, 
that after the interment of General Worsley had taken place, Mr. 
Roger Kenyon, M.P. for Clithero and Clerk of the Peace for the 
county, himself a zealous royalist, the brother-in-law of the deceased 
and one of the mourners, returned secretly to the abbey and wrote 
upon the stone the words, where never worse lay, which indignity 
being reported to Cromwell, so offended him that he offered a reward 
for the discovery of the writer. 

Major-General Worsley married first, bis step-sister Mary, daugh- 
ter and coheiress of John Booth of Manchester, which marriage was 
solemnized at Didsbury Chapel September 18, 1644. By her (who 
died in 1 649) he had issue — Ralph, his eldest son and successor ; 
Sarah, bom in 1645; and Martha, bom in 1646. He married 
secondly, in 1662, Dorothy, daughter of Roger Kenyon of Park 

> €(eneral Worsley's will is not found in Doctors' Commons, nor in the Diocesan 
Begistiy at Chester; nor does any copy of it exist amongst the evidences of the 
family of Piatt. His widow Dorothy was executrix. 


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Head in Whftlley parish, Gent., and sister to the Rev. Edward 
Kenyon B.D., rector of Prestwich, by whom he had iasuor-^ Cb«rles» 
bom at Park Head July 19, 1653 ; Dorothy and Roger, who: both 
died in their infancy. She saryived her husband^ and in 1659 
bec^ne the ^ife of Waldive Lagoe of Manchester Esq., by whom 
also she had issue, and dying in her second widowhood was buried 
at Prestwich March 16, 1693-4. 

Amongst the heir-looms of the &mily at Plait is a portrait of this 
its most celebrated member. It is half-length, and represents' the 
general with long flowing .dark hair, and habited in the .plate arniour 
of the period.. .In the left-hand upper corner of the canvas are the 
arms borne by him, and since transmitted to his descendants — arg. 
on a chief gules a mural crown or — corresponding with the arms 
borne by the Worsleys of Worsley with the addition of the mural 
Grown, said to have been granted to the honourable 

Here too has found a resting-place the generaPs sword. Its blade 
is of bluish steel, straight and of considerable length. It is inlaid 
with gold and inscribed on ^her side with maxims, rdigious and 
moral: — "VinCere iaut mori;" "6i Deus pror nobis quis contra 
fios?^* Then fellows the date 1651, and beneath the date a trooper 
on horseback. This again is folliowed by the words, ^^ Achilles 
Grdecus,^" and below these. words is a delineation of Achilles him- 
self. The other. side of the blade is similarly inscribed: — "Fide 

^ It is much to be regretted that in the Piatt archives but one single letter in tho 
handwriting of General Worsley is known to exist, namely, that from which the 

accompanying £EU)<-8imile is taken. It is 

^y.wi< ^/f (} I (3^ ^ J'JP ^***^ August 9, 1649, and is addressed 

S^ I/J^^ y^ ^"^ ^^ brother^s house in Norfolk to 

*^obi]\j rjl ^ father. It is short, and possesses no 

/^/^ ^ y, interest. Among the more miscellaneous 

f/^iM-f ^^if^t/^ikh pftpers of memoranda &c. is a list (dated 

^w^ *«»J rr *^t^Jr January 8^1663) of chief rents in Bolton, 

formerly the estate of the late Earl of 
Derby, but now belonging to Lieut. ColL 
Worsley. It is stated thereixi that ** the toule of Boulton market is use^ to bee let 
for the yeare at 10»." 


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..'■,,. r" '. ' <'''/■''■ ■ ■ . // f^,', . ^ - , >■ . ''-'/ ,'/ 

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8ed oui vider^ ^'Begere Beiprain samma sapienti&r^ trooper on 
horseback ; the words ^' Anibal Oartagus/^ followed by a portraiture 
of Hannibal. 

In striking conkast to his brother Oharles was Edward Worsley, 
the second son of the aforesaid Baph Worsley of Piatt, in whom 
love of peace and unavailing regret of the evil times in which he 
lived were as conspicuous as active gallantry and thirst for military 
renown were in his more distinguished brother. On quitting the 
university he took orders and settled in Norfolk as rector of Bunton 
near Cromer, and afterwards of Letheringsett, where he married 
Mary, daughter of Henry Playford of Northrepps. The following 
letters, addressed to his father, will convey some idea of the general 
insecurity then prevailing and the constant fears of all peaceable and 
well-affected persons : — 

Deare Father, 

About a fortnight since I received yo' letter sent by Peeter 
Booker, y^ I perceived y* your condition was y* same y* it was before, 
and so was mine ; but, since^ it hath pleased y^ Almightie to mingle 
my cup with gall and with wormewood, for He hath deprived me 
and my wife of our deare, our onely first borne son : — But 1 dare not 
repine ; — God gave him, and therefore He might deservedly call 
for him when He pleased. ^Tis true at first it caused and wrought 
in me an abundance of heavynesse, but since, y^ Lord hath learned 
me another lesson, namely in this my condition to be content ; so 
that, notwithstanding all that hath befalen me^ I dare not but say 
Blessed be y« name of y® Lord. Sir, mine intention concerning my 
giveing you a visit at y® Spring (God permitting) is still stedfast 
and unmoved ; but looke not for me ere yow see mee. I am much 
disswaded from my journey by my frends in these partes by reason of 
y« many, yea y« very many dangers many have of late met withall 
in there travayles ; for of late severall havo beene robbed and many 
murthered, so at y® present our prisons are as iul as they can be 
crowded of theives and man-slayers. However, if God give me a 
way I shall make use of it, beeing at y^ present as desirous to see 

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yow as ever I was in my life. I prayse ray God (though the tymea 
be hard and everything very deere) yet I want nothing. The prise 
of come is greate ; fetches have of late beene sould for 40^ y« combe ; 
gray pease for above 40b ; barley for 20> ; oates for 15^ ; and wheate 
and rie for above twice an ordinary rate. My wife and my little 
onely girle are indifferently well at present ; though of late my child 
was sicke and forced to take phisick shees recovered. This letter 
was conveyed by a deere frend of mine to my cousen Brownsword at 
London, who delivered it w^ his owne hand unto him ; hees one of 
my parishioners. I pray yow send me word concemeing my sister 
Marie. My wife desires her duty might be presented to you, w*^ 
her respects to her brothers and sisters and freinds in your partes ; 
and so doth he who is your and there continuall remembrancer at 
the throne of grace for helth, safty and deliverance in these tymes of 
danger here and your salvation in heaven hereafter. And so rests 

Your truly affectionate son, 

Edwabd Wobslet. 
At Runton, 14th of Aprill 1649. 

Addressed : " To his assured lo. father Mr. Baph Worsley, at his 
house in Bushulme neere Manchester in Lanchashire, p^sent theise 
I pray yow. 

Deliver this letter to my cousen John Brownsword at Mr. Delves 
house in Fryday Streete, London, att y« signe of y« Wheat Sheafe, 
to be delivered as above.'' 

Bunton neere Cromer, y« 11 of Feb. 1650. 
Deere Father, 

About a weeke since I received yours of the 18th of Jan. 
w'in I was satisfyed concerning yo^ welfare and y« welfare of yo^ 
family and my freinds, w<^^ did noe little rejoyce me. Since that I 
received a letter from my brother Charles, w^^ came to my handes 
by London ; I received it w*^in 10 dayes after 'twas writt, to my 
exceeding joy and contentment. I have returned him an answer by 
one of my brother Playfords who is a draper, and suddainely intendes 
to sayle w^ some cloath from Yarmouth to Scotland. He hath en- 

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gaged himself to me to see him if possible ere hee returne. I have 
had j^ advantage of sending to him ofilner than I have had of late 
of sending unto you, and have lately sent him 3 or 4 letters, and I 
have directed him at least 4 wayes of sending safely and speedyly 
unto mee. I hope hee will make use of them. S^ of late y® High 
Court of Justice hath put 20 to death for y« late insurrection in these 
partes ; many are still in prison, and have of late beene brought in, 
but y^ Court doth not sitt. Our charges and taxations of late have 
beene far greater then ever heretofore, w^^'^ makes our countie to 
grone exceedingly. Moneyes are very scarce, and comes but at an 
indifferent rate in respect of y® two last yeares. Sir, I have of late 
(beeing necessitated) purchased a small library of bookes, so that I 
am afirayd I shall not bring you y« 8^ I owe yow, when I come into 
Lanchashire. However, if you please to send me word before, that 
yow cannot forbeare mee, I will provide it som way or other, as I do 
not question but I shall borrow either so much, or at least as much 
as I shall want of y^ summe. The two last moneths assessment 
cost me above 3^^ Sir, I think I cannot com downe to you till the 
latter end of May, for I am necessitated to stay till I have gotten 
my barley into y® earth, and afterward as soon as I have an oppor- 
tunity I intend (Gt)d permitting) to see you ; but my stay, I feare, 
will not bee so long as you expect and desire. My wife and child- 
ren and fireinds are in good helth, praysed bee God; they desire 
to bee remembred to yow and yours. Thus, with my duty to you 
and my respects to them, with my prayers to y^ Almighty for you 
all, I rest 

Your assured lo. son to comand, 

Edw. Worsley. 
Since I began to write this letter I am informed of one whom I 
have a long tyme (even ever since I had come) delt w^all, he is 
broken and gone away ; hee is in my debt above S^\ w^^ is a great 
hindrance unto me now in theise hard tymes. ^Tis y® first tyme that 
ever I lost by any whom I trusted. 

Addressed : '* To his lo. father Mr. Raph Worsley, at his house 
neere Bushulme neere Manchesf in Lancashire^ p'^sent theise.''^ 

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Edward Worsley died, leaving a son Charles, who was also in 
holy orders, described as of Holt Market in the county of Norfolk,^ 
and a daughter Mary, wife of the Bev. Nathaniel Palgrave. 

' Charles Worsley, now of Holt Market in the connty of Norfolk, olerk, makes his 
will December 8, 1682, in manner and form foUowiDg. He conmiends his soul into 
the hands of Almighty G^d, trusting through the merits of Jesus Christ to be made 
partaker of everlasting life, and his body to the earth, to be decently interred at the 
discretion of his executors. And as to his worldly estate, wherewith it hath pleased 
God to bless him, he disposes of it as follows : — Firsts he gives and bequeaths to his 
dear mother Mary Worsley all and singular his messuages, cottages, lands and tene- 
ments in Letheringset, Holt and Northrepps, to hold for and during the term of her 
natural life ; and after her decease he bequeaths all his messuages &c. in Letheringset 
aforesaid in the county of Norfolk to Mary Palgrare, daughter of Nathaniel PalgraTe^ 
clerk, by Mary Worsley his (testator's) sister, and to the issue of her body lawfully 
begotten, upon condition that the said Mary Palgrave pay or cause to be paid to 
Elizabeth Claxton, the daughter of Hamond Claxton of Aylsham in Norfolk, GFent., 
the sum of £50. And if the said Mary Palgrave shall depart this life without issue, 
then he gives his said messuages &o. to the right heirs of him the said testator. And 
his will is, that if Mary his mother shall depart this life before Maiy Palgrave his 
niece shall attain to the age of one and twenty years, then that Peter Beake of Nor- 
wich, his brother-in-law, and Thomas Bainbrige of Holt Market, derk, shall receive 
the issues and rents of the said mcssxiages &c. in Letheringset given to Mary Palgrave 
his niece, and shall improve the same to and for the use and advantage of the said 
Mary Palgrave, and pay the same to her at the age of twenty-one. But if Mary 
Palgrave shall depart this life before she shall become one and twenty years old, that 
then the said Peter Beake and Thomas Bainbrige shall divide the said rents &c. 
amongst Richard Playford, George Playford and Nicholas Playford, sons of John 
Playford now of Letheringset, within three months after the death of his said niece 
Mary Palgrave. Also, after the death of Mary his mother, he gives and bequeaths 
one moiety or half part of his messuages, lands &c. in Northrepps in the county of 
Norfolk to Thomas Allen, son of Thomas Allen of Holt aforesaid, mercer, and to the 
issue of his body lawfully begotten ; and for want of such issue he gives the same to 
Sherwood Bainbrige, son of the aforesaid Thomas Bainbrige, and to the issue of his 
body ; and for want of issue of the said Sherwood, he gives the same to Ann Bain- 
bridge, sister of the said Sherwood, and her heirs for ever. Also, after the death 
of Mary his mother, he gives the other moiety of his messuages &o. in Northrepps 
to Sherwood Bainbrig aforesaid and to the issue of his body lawfully begotten ; and 
for want of such issue, to Ann Bainbrig and her heirs for ever. Also, he gives and 
bequeaths, after the decease of Mary his mother, one acre of land in Holt aforesaid 
to William Pope of Holt, butcher, and his heirs for ever. He appoints Peter Beake 
of the city of Norwich, his brother-in-law, and Thomas Bainbrig of Holt, derk, his 

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By his second marriage, as already intimated, Raph Worsley had 
a eon bearing his own name, the half-brother of the general and of 
the Eev. Edward Worsley. He too studied at Oxford, and whilst 
there incurred, as many others at that seat of learning have done, the 
gentle rebuke of his father for a too lavish expenditure. His letters 
in reply are still preserved, and it is amusing to perceive how adroitly 

executors ; to wbom he giycs all his messuages &c. in the city of Norwich upon trust, 
that by sale of his said messuages &g. they pay his legacies hereinafter given, and 
dispose the overplus as hereafter is disposed. And first, he gives to Elizabeth Otty- 
weU of Elsmero in Shropshire, the daughter of his father's sister, the sum of £80, to 
bo paid within twelve months after his decease at Holt church-porch ; and if she be 
then dead, the same £80 to be paid to Mary his mother if living, but if dead, then 
to the right heir of the said Mary his mother. He gives to Susan, the daughter of 
Hamond daxton, his god- daughter, £100. Also, he gives to Peter Beake, son of the 
aforesaid Peter Beake, his brother-in-law, £100. To Nicholas Playford, son of John 
Play ford, he gives £20 ; but if he die before the age of sixteen years, then the said 
£20 to be equally divided amongst the children of Thomas Sogers of Northrepps. 
To Thomas Bogers of Northrepps he gives £10. He gives to George Playford, son 
of John Playford, £10, to be paid to him by testator's executors at the determination 
of his the said George's apprenticeship. To William Pope of Holt Market, butcher^ 
he gives £10. To the poor of Salthouse in Norfolk, forty shillings ; and a like sum 
to the poor of Letheringsett and to the poor of the pariah where he shall happen to 
die. To Bobert, son of John Abraham of Salthouse, £5. To Mary Worsley his 
mother £30, and aU his wife's wearing apparel and the boxes and trunks wherein they 
are. To John OttyweU, his father's sister's son, he gives aU his books or library. 
To each of his executors he gives £10 ; and he forgives to Mary Worsley his mother 
the £50 which she oweth him. To Hamond Claxton, his brother-in-law, his little 
brown mare. To Mary Goate his servant, forty shillings. To Mary his mother, 
" the strange peeces of gold and silver unconverted," which were his father's. Ho 
desires to be buried in the chancel of Letheringset, as nigh his wife as conveniently 
may be, if the incumbent there shall give leave ; otherwise in the body of the church 
there ; and that his executors lay one gravestone there for him and one for his said 
wife. To his mother Mary Worsley he gives £30 towards the building of *' a new 
sawne roofe*' over his head house in Letheringset. He appoints Holt church-porch 
as the place for the payment of his aforesaid legacies. To his mother Mary Worsley 
he gives all his wearing apparel and Unen. He gives to Elizabeth Claxton his sister- 
in-law, to Paulina Claxton his sister-in-law, to Mary Allen his sister-in-law, and to 
Sarah Bainbrig, wife of the said Thomas Bainbrig, — to eveiy of them a mourning 
ring of twenty shilhngs value. Witnesses : Nicholas Bainbrig, Katharine Gymer, 
Peter Wilson. Proved at Norwich. 

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he evades, in the first, his fitther^s impeachment, and in the cant of the 
day proceeds to exhort and admonish his reprover : — 

March 27, 1650. 
Most assured loving Father, 

My duty binding mee, and your charch which you gave mee 
when I left you furring it on, I could not but write, though I 
exceedingly wonder y^ I heare not from you. On Thursday, March 
21, I sent a letter [by] my Mr. Wilde of Rachdale, in which was 
enclosed a letter of my tutors to you, which I hope might call back 
y« bad report y* is among you in my behalfe, which when I told my 
tutour hee was liker a madman then one y^ should have wit and 
understanding. Sut as I wrote before so now, God is my witness 
it is a falsity. I pray you tell Mr. Lomax if hee will sonde his 
Sonne to Pembrooke let him but write to me betwixt this and Easter 
by Mr. Deane, or y« post y* goeth to London, and I will get his 
name entred in y^ bookes and lay downe entrance for him till he 
come ; and hee gaines the terme by y^ meanes if he come before 
Easter or a weeke after. I give thankes to y^ Lord God, by whose 
help I hope y^ you and I both may receave comfort perpetualy for 
his good succes which Hee hath given mee, in whose help (most 
endeared fiither) I beseeke you and entreate you to put your totall 
confidence and beliefe. Let not y^ times troeble you ; let not the 
prowde and malicious words of wicked men disharten you ; let not 
y« errours of deceitfull men decieve you, for though they are without 
in sheeps clothing yet within they are like to ravishing wolves. 
Cleave to y« word of God, and follow no man^s words further then 
they are agreeable to y« word and law of God. Here was a captaine 
in Oxford not long since who denied y* their was any God, any re- 
surrection, or any Christ, though wee live at peace and y^ colledges 
as pure from wicked men as they were this long time. In owre 
coUedge there is not a gamster, drunkard, or any such person, and I 
hope you will see y^ I live at as frucall a rate as any in Oxford, ex- 
cepting serviters. I pray you to remember my love to my brethren 
and sisters, all owre friends in general!, neighbours and servants. 

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hoping your health as mine I comend you to the hands of Him who 
is able to help you, with nay praiers for you continualy. 

Your obedient sonne till death, 

Ralph Wobslbt. 
Pembroke, Oxon. 

If you enquire at Mr. Jepsons you may know if Mr. Wilde bee 
returned, for hee went from Oxford to London. I am very sory to 
heare y* my uncle Brownsword is . . • . I pray €k)d y* hee may come 
of well. 

Addressed : ^* For his much respected father Mr. Balphe Worsley 
at Piatt in Bushulme theise. Leave theise, I pray^ w^ Mr. John 
Brownsword in Manchester, to be delivred as aforesaid.^" 

Most endeared and ever loving Pather, 

After my duty to you presented, w* my best respects to my 
deare brothers and sisters, hoping y^ you all are in good health as I 
at y* writing hereof, blessed be y® name of y^ lord. I having so 
opertune a messenger, w^ a longing desire anexed to it, knowing 
your care^ love and praiers dayly for mee, could not omitt y* oper- 
tunity. ffather, I must confesse since you saw mee I have spent 
more then ether you thought I should or I had intentions to have 
spent. You write to mee that I have spent more by far then my 
brother Edward when hee had but beene the same time in y^ uni- 
versitie ; but that is no marvail if I have ; hee was in health, I in 
sicknesse^ yea so far underwent y® pangs at sicknesse y^ I wished 
many a time y^ death would come, and many thought it was at y^ 
doore. This is y* dearest yeare y^ ever you shall have, as many 
reasons I could give you for it, as keeping my chamber 32 daies and 
almost all y« time keeping one by mee, being so y^ I could not move 
w*'k)ut helpe, and I believe when ever it may please y® lord y* I may 
obtaine y^ sight of you, y^ markes which I can shew will almost 
strike you into an amasement y^ I was so soone sound of them. 
What ever I have, it is but lent, for, God willing, if ever I shall 
recieve any extemall fruits of my studyes, you shall have to y« utter- 
most whatever you have laid downe or shall lay downe; and till 

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then I shall put up praiers daily to y® most high y* you may obtaine 
life and health. And so wanting time to expresse my selfe, I rest 
w*^ my praiers for you all, 

Your obedient sonne till death, 

Balph Wobslet. 
Pem. Oxon., Deoem. 24, [1660.] 

I wonder exceedingly y* I heard nothing of my brother Charles, 
nor never heard from Edward nor George. Pardon, I pray you, 
what ever is past, and you shall see things to fall out other wise. 
Bemember my love, I pray you, to my sister, and tell her I would 
have writ to her but time prevented mee. I have sent you a token 
enclosed heare. 

Addressed : " For his much esteemed father Mr. Balph Worsley 
at Piatt in Bushulme neer Manchester, theise &c.^^ 

Kind Father, 

Yesterday I recieved yo^ letter in which was one enclosed to 
my tutor, which here hee hath answered. I am sorry y^ you should 
be so troebled concerning mee ; would God I could helpe it. You 
know how my expence was tiU December, and so they had beene 
still had it not pleased Gt)d my leg had beene sore, which quarters 
expences set mee behinde egregiously. Would I could see you at 
Oxford y^ I might answer for all I have spent, and I believe it 
would be more for your contentment and mine also. I call God to 
witnesse and y« men in y^ world to accuse mee, if they can, y^ I 
have not beene in an alehouse this quarter but with Mr. Deane and 
once with some others, where I spent ij*^. I have spoken to my 
tutour to take up my moneyes and to give an accompt to ypu, which 
hee will. I should have taken up this journey, but I forbeare more 
money then I have, hoping to see you at Oxford before long. Were 
I even, I will wish no more but 7^^ 0" 0^ a quarter till I have a 
place, and then 3^ 0" 0^, and perhaps nothing; but not to troeble 
you w**» a multitude of words, w*^ my duty to you and love, respect 
to all my brethren and sisters, once more thanking my brother 

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George for his letters, I rest, and intend to write more fiilly at Mr. 
XTrin Deanes retome, 

Yonr obedient sonne till deaths 

Balph Wobslit. 
Pem. Oxon., May 16, [1661.] 
My cloathes grow extreame bare and my shirts. 
Addressed: ^^For his very mnch esteemed father Mr. Ralph 
Worsley at Piatt Bushulme neere Manchester, these.'' 


I have this day received your letter, and at first did muoh 
wonder y^ your son should be so expensive here with us, seeing y^ 
he may live as cheape, yea I think veryly cheaper then in any other 
house within this university. But he tels me y^ the curing of his 
sore legg hath cost him very much, and y^ the moneyes which he 
hath had so soone one after another was in part for to cure it and to 
pay for his expenses in the coUedge, besides other things which 
schoUars have need of. I assure you y^ he is very civil! and diligent 
in his studyes, and our master, as well as all the house, hath a very 
good opinion of him. It is true y^ he hath spent some weeks 7 or 8 
shiUings as many other, but he hath been punished for it in exercises 
(though it be not extraordinary much in these scarce times). He 
promises now to be very frugally and I assure you I have cause to 
beleeve him^ for I have not found him to my knowledge as yet in a 
lye. Were he given very much to spending I would writ unto you 
to send his money to me, as it is common in Oxford, but I have not 
found it as yet necessary, though in this you may use your owne 
discretion. My only ayme is y^ he may carry himselfe so y^ (with 
Gkxis blessings upon his endeavours and myne) he may be an 
instrument of much glory unto His name, which is the desire of 
him who is 

Sir, your most humble servant^ 

Pbteb Jebzbt. 
Pemb. Coll. Oxon., 16 May, 1651. 

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After completing his studies at Oxford, Mr. B4ilph Worsley re- 
ceived ordination at Manchester after the Presbyterian form then 
by law established, and was licensed to the curacy of Ghelford in 
Cheshire. His letters of orders bear date June 15, 1653, and are 
subscribed by Bichard HoUinworth, moderator pro temp., John 
Angier, John Harison, William Meeke^ Edmund Jones, and Na- 
thaniel Bathband. The document runs thus : — 

Whereas Master Raphe Worsley, Batchelor of Arts, aged about 
22 yeares, hath addressed himselfe unto us the Presbyters of the 
ffirst Glassis of the Province within the countie palatyne of Lan- 
caster, authorized for ordination of ministers by ordinance of both 
houses of parliament, dated the 29*^ of August 1648, desireinge to 
bee ordeyned a presbyter, for that hee is chosen for the worke of the 
ministrie in the church of Ghelford in the countie of Ghester, as by 
a certificate now remaineinge with us touching that his election 
appeareth, hath exhibited a sufficient testimonial! of his diligence 
and proficiencie in his studies, and unblameablenesse of life and 
conversation, hath beene examined accordinge to the rules for ex- 
amination in the said ordinance expressed, and thereupon approved ; 
and there haveing beene no just exception made against his ordina- 
tion and admission, These may testifie to all whom it may conceme, 
that upon the ffifteenth day of the moneth of June, wee have pro- 
ceeded solemnely to set him apart to the office of a presbyter and 
worke of the ministrie of the Gospell by layinge on of our hands 
with fastinge and prayer, by vertue whereof wee doe declare him to 
bee a lawfuU and sufficiently authorized minister of Jesus Ghrist ; 
and haveinge good evidence of his lawfuU and faire callinge, not 
onely to the worke of the ministrie but to the exercise thereof in the 
church of Ghelford in the countie aforesaid, wee doe hereby actually 
admitte him to the said charge to performe all the offices and 
duties of a faithfull pastor there, exhortinge the people in the name 
of Jesus Christ willingly to receive and acknowledge him as the 
minister of Ghrist, and to maynteyne and encourage him in the 
execution of his office, that hee may bee able to give up such an 
account to Ghrist of theire obedience to his ministrie as may bee to 

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his joye and theire everlastinge comfort. In witnes whereof wee 
have hereunto set our hands this fifteenth day of June anno Dni 

Baph Worsley of Piatt, G^nt., at his death in 1669, was suc- 
ceeded by his grandson Baph, eldest son and heir of Major-General 
Charles Worsley, deceased, by his first wife Mary Booth. He was 
bom at Piatt Febmary 7, 1647. His political and religions opinions 
coincided with those of his father and grandfather, and after the 
Bestoration he found much difficulty in accommodating himself to 
the new rule. In the reign of William III., the rigour against 
dissenters being relaxed, he caused his own house at Piatt to be 
Ucensed for congregational worship in 1697, and two years later a 
chapel was built on his estate mainly through his instrumentality, 
to which at his death he bequeathed the sum of J? 100 towards an 
endowment Aind. He married firstly, in 1671, Deborah Oliffe of 
Bretherton in the parish of Groston, by whom he had issue an only 
son Charles and several daughters. By his second marriage (his 
wife'^s name unknown) he had no issue. His death occurred Au- 
gust 9^ 1728. His will, dated June 11, 1725, is as follows : — 

In the name of God amen. I, Raphe Worsley of Piatt in the 
parish of Manchester and county of Lancaster, Gent., being in 
health of body and of sound and perfect mind and memory (praised 
be God therefore), doe make and ordaine this my last will and tes- 
tament in manner and form following, ffirst, I doe hereby revoke, 
make void and disanull all former and other will or wills by me 
made, and doe make this my last will and testament, viz^. : ffirst, I 
comend my soul into the hands of AUmighty God, hoping thorough 
the merits, death and passion of my Saviour Jesus Christ to have 
full and free pardon and forgiveness of all my sins and to inherit 
everlasting life ; and my body I comit to the earth, to be decently 
bmied (att Piatt Ohappell) att the discretion of my executors here- 
after named ; and as touching the disposition of all such temporall 
estate as it hath pleased AUmighty God to bestow upon me, I give 
and dispose thereof as foUoweth. ffirst, I will that all my just 

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debts, funerall ezpences, with the probate of this my will, be paid 
out of the whole of my estate ; and then I give and bequeath one 
hundred pounds sterling to my son Mr. Charles M^orsley and Mr. 
Peter Worsley my grandson^ in trust, that the lawfull interest thereof 
shall be yearly paid and given to such orthodox Gospell dissenting 
preaching minister as shall be constantly resident att Piatt Ghappell 
or meeting-place for publick worshipp ; and if lyberty in or at any 
time to come shall be restrained, it is then my will and mind that 
the interest and produce of the said one hundred pounds be given 
and bestowed for the benefit and reliefe of the most religious poore 
people, whether housekeepers or others, within Busholme, ffallow- 
feild and Birch-hall houses, at the discreation of my executors and 
their successors for the time being. Item I give and bequeath one 
hundred pounds sterling to my granddaughter Deborah Worsley, to 
be paid her within twelve months after my decease. Item I give 
and bequeath one hundred pounds more to my granddaughter 
dementia Worsley, to be paid to her or to her guardian for her use 
and benefitt within twelve months after my decease. I give tod 
bequeath to my grandson Mr. Peter Worsley the revertion of Tay- 
lor^s Tenement att Street-fibuld in Moston, together with seventeen 
shillings of a yearly lease-rent issueing and payable from the said 
tenement. Item I give, devise and bequeath to my son Mr. Charles 
Worsley one of the two hundred pounds which I reserved to my 
selfe a power to dispose of att my decease, according to the settle- 
ment made at my son^s marriage, I haveing already assigned and 
given the other hundred pounds to my son-in-law Mr. Culcheth 
as a part of his marriage portion with my daughter Sarah. Item I 
give and bequeath to my loveing son-in-law Mr. Thomas Culcheth 
and his wife ten pounds a peice to buy them mourning with. Item 
I give and bequeath the sume of twenty pounds to my executors 
hereafter named and to theire heires, in trust, that the interest and 
produce thereof may be bestowed in cloath, wollen or linnen at theire 
discretion, upon the poor within Busholme. Item I give to my 
deare son Mr. Charles Worsley my gold seale-ring and also a peice 
of broad gold called a Spurr Boyall. And I give to my loveing 

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daughter-in-law Mrs. Worsley my wedding-ring^ desireing her to 
accept the same as a token of my love and gratitude. Item I give 
and bequeath to my grandson Peter Worsley one broad peice of 
old gold called a Scepter. Item I give to my granddaughter 
Deborah Worsley one "peice of broad gold with two X X on it, and 
akoe a ten shilling peice of angell gold which dear sister Sergeant 
gave unto mee. Item I give to my granddaughter dementia 
Worsley one peice of broad gold with two X X on it, to keep in 
remembrance of mee. Item I give and bequeath our servant Esther 
Deane, if she lives at Piatt at the time of my decease, two guineys ; 
and to Esther Worthington one guiney, if servant at Piatt at my 
decease ; and to Henry Massey one guinea, if a servant at Piatt att 
my decease. Item it is my will, and I hereby order Mr, Whitaker 
two guineas to preach my ffunerall sermon if he be minister at Piatt 
att the time of my decease. Item I give and bequeath to Mr. and 
Mrs. Whitaker either of them a guinea to buy them a mourning 
ring. All the rest and residue of my personall estate, goods and 
chatteles whatsoever, I doe give and bequeath unto my deare son 
Mr. Charles Worsley and to my deare granson Mr. Peter Worsley, 
to be equally devided between ihem. And for the execution of this 
my last will and testament, I doe nominate and appoint my deare 
and only son Mr. Charles Worsley and my deare granson Mr. Peter 
Worsley, both above named, executors of this my last will and tes- 
tament, intreating them to see this my last will and testament in all 
points performed, as my trust is that they will doe. In witnesse 
whereof I have here unto sett my hand and scale the eleventh day 
of June anno Dom. 1725. Witnesses: Peter Shelmerdine ; David 
Hulme; Charles Hulme. Proved at Chester November 2, 1728. 

By his first marriage General Worsley had issue also two daugh- 
ters, sisters of the aforesaid testator — Sarah, bom in June 1645, 
who died in 1659^ having first made a will; and Martha, bom 
October 2, 1646, afterwards the wife of William Heginbothom of 
Salford.i The will of Sarah Worsley, though that of a child of 

' William Heginbothom of Salford, chapman, son of William Heginbothom of the 
same place and Joane hia wife, mairied Martha Worsley at Biroh Chapel, March 28, 

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fifteen years, was admitted to proof at Chester in 1661. It is as 
follows : — 

In the name of Qoi amen. This eighteenth day of January one 
thousand sixe hundred fiftie and nyne. I, Sarah Worsley of Piatt 
within Bushulme, daughter of Charles Worsley late of Piatt afore- 
said, deceased, beinge sicke in body but of good and perfect memory, 
praised be God, do constitute, ordain and make this my last will and 
testament in manner and forme following. To wit, first and prin- 
pally I commend my soul into the hands of Almighty God my 
Creator and Maker, and my body to the earthy to be buried in 

1667. He died in 1670, leaving an only gon William. His brother Henry Hegin- 
bothom, also of Salford, married January 5, 1674, at Frestwich, Cassandra, daughter 
of Peter Sergeant of Pilkington, Oent. The issue of this latter marriage was a son 
Henry, who died during the life of his father in 1709, having married Beulah Hudson 
of Salford, widow (marriage coyenant dated 1703). William Heginbothom of 
Salford makes his will October 12, 1670. He describes himself as ** William Hegin- 
bothom of Salford, jun', in the county of Lancaster, chapman.** He commends his 
soul to God ; and his body he commits to the earth, to be buried at the discretion of 
his friends. He wills that his debts and funeral expenses be paid out of his personal 
estate, out of which he also bequeaths the following legacies : — To his mother Joane 
Heginbothom, £10. To his sister Elizabeth Orrell, £20 ; and to Frances Orrell her 
daughter, £5. To his brother Henry Heginbothom, and to his cousin John Ardeme, 
his executors, £5 each. To his brother-in-law Mr. Baph Worsley of the Piatt, his 
mourning cloak, his hat and his cane ; and to his brother Henry Heginbothom, all 
the rest of his clothes. To MaBter John Harrison of Ashton-under-Line, £6. To 
Master Constantine of Salford, twenty shillings. To Master Newoome of Man- 
chester, twenty shillings. To Master Scholcs of Salford, twenty shillings. To 
Master Einch of Manchester, twenty shillings. To the children of the aforesaid 
Master Scholes, fiye shillings each. To his aunt Jane Bidge, fifty shillings. To 
Martha Fletcher his child's nurse, forty shillings. To the poor of Salford, £4. To 
the poor of Manchester, forty shillings. And all the rest and residue of his personal 
estate he giyes to his only son William Heginbothom. But if it should please Gh)d 
to take away his son by death before he shall haye accomplished the age of twenty- 
one years, or before he shall haye married, then he hereby further bequeaths to hia 
said brother Henry Heginbothom, £100; and to his sister Elizabeth Orrell, £100; 
and to Frances Orrell her daughter, £30 ; to his said brother-in-law Master Baphe 
Worsley of the Piatt, £25 $ to his grandmother Worsley, £25 ; to his unde Otti- 
well's children, £25 ; to his uncle Baphe Worsley's children, £25 ; to his aunt Jane 
Bidge, £10; To Master Scholes's children, £50. Proyed at Chester March 18, 

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Gliristian manner at the discretion of mj executors hereafter named ; 
and as concerning all such goods, debts and chattels as my dear 
deceased father did leave unto me at the time of his decease^ and all 
other my goods, debts and chattels whatsoever (if any such there be), 
it is my will and mind that forth of the same all my debts, if I do 
owe any, all my funerall expenses and all other charges and expenses 
which my executors may have occasion to disburse and lay out about 
the execution of this my last will and testament, shall be paid forth 
of the same. Item I do give and bequeath unto my deare and only 
sister Martha Worsley all myne apparel whatsoever. Item 1 give 
and bequeath unto my mother M"* Dorothy Legoe, forty shillings. 
Item I give and bequeath unto my brother Charles Worsley five 
pounds of lawful money of England, to be paid unto him by my 
executors when he shall accomplish the age of twenty-one years. 
Item I doe give and bequeath unto my loving grandfather Raphe 
Worsley of Piatt aforesaid ten pounds of lawful money of England ; 
and I do give ^nd bequeath unto my loving grandmother Martha 
Worsley, fifty shillings. Item I give and bequeath unto my uncle 
Mr. Edward Worsley of Bunton in the countie of Norfolk, twentie 
shillings ; and I give and bequeath unto my cosen Mary Worsley, 
daughter of my said uncle Mr. Edward Worsley, twentie shillings. 
Item I give unto my uncle George Worsley, twentie shillings. Item 
I give and bequeath to my cosen Elizabeth Worsley^ daughter of my 
said uncle George Worsley, twentie shillings. Item I give and be- 
queath unto my uncle Mr. Raphe Worsley, twentie shillings. Item 
I give and bequeath unto my loving aunt M"s Elizabeth Ottiwell, 
fiftie-five shillings. Item I give and bequeath unto my cosen Eliza- 
beth Ottiwell, daughter of my said aunt M"« Elizabeth Ottiwell, 
forty shillings. Item I give and bequeath unto Ellen Willinson, 
my grandmother Worsle/s servant, ten shillings. Item I give and 
bequeath unto Jane Bouker, servant unto my said grandmother 
Worsley, five shillings. Item I give and bequeath all the rest and 
residue of my said goods, debts and chattels not herein formerly 
disposed of, in whose hands, custodie or possession they be, and of 
what nature or quality soever they be, unto my deare brother Raphe 

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Worsley and to my dear and only sister Martha Worsley aforenamed, 
to be equally divided amongst them. And for the execution of this 
my last will and testament I do hereby nominate and appoint my 
loving ^andfather Mr. Baphe Worsley aforesaid and my loving 
uncle George Worsley executors, hoping they will see this my last 
will and testament executed according to my mind herein expressed. 
In witnes whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seale the day 
and year first above written. Witnesses: Bobert Birch, Benolds 
Parkinson, Thomas Wilkinson. Proved at Chester in 1661. The 
expenses of her funeral amounted to ^31 14s. Id., amongst which 
are included the following items derived from a memorandum in the 
handwriting of her grandfather Baph Worsley : — 

Paid iTor suger and other spices and bread GO 18 02 

Paid to Dorathy Bouker for 3 hat bands 00 06 06 

Paid if or making the grave j'. and (For one coffin 6"... 00 06 00 
Paid to Myles Bradshaw Sot tow scarfes for my wyffe 

and Martha 01 01 06 

Paid to M«8 Stampe ffor drinke 01 03 00 

Paid to Mr. Thomas Minshall fFor spices 03 05 00 

Paid to Baphe Poole ffor tow cloake clothes, the one 

ffor myselfe, the other fFor my grandsonn Baphe. 06 16 00 

Paid to Mr. Allexander Greene for wyne 01 12 00 

Paid to the glover ffor 46 peare gloves 03 07 06 

Given to the poore on the day of the buriall 03 10 00 

Paid ffor shag to Baphe Poole ffor a jump for myself. 00 07 09 

The issue of General Worsley's second marriage was Charles 
Worsley, born at Park Head July 19, 1653, from whom spring 
the only lineal descendants of the General now surviving ; Dorothy, 
bom at St. James*" Palace, Westminster, in October 1654, died an 
in&nt; and Boger, born May 25, 1656, who also died in his in- 

Charles Worsley, only son of Baphe Worsley of Piatt, Gent., and 
grandson of Major General Charles Worsley, married, April 30, 

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jD -HBP •i«Hr 



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1700, Glemence, daughter and eventually heir of Thomas Sergeant 

of Pilkington in the parish of Prestwich, Gent.^ by his wife Han- 

j nah, daughter and coheiress of John Oarill of the Inner Temple, 

I ] Esq. He died June I, 1753, leaving issue, besides two daughters, 

an only son Peter, bom November 29, 1708. Peter Worsley died 

, unmarried and intestate January 17^ 1759, having in 1753 ex- 

I ecuted a deed barring the entail of his estates, which else had 

reverted to the heirs of Charles Worsley, the General's younger son. 

I These estates (her sister dementia having also died) consequently 

descended to Deborah Worsley, as sister and sole heir of Peter 

Woraley of Piatt Esq. Deborah Worsley was bom March 19, 

1705-6. In December 1744 she became the wife of Mr. John 

Lees of Manchester, merchant, who in 1775 assumed by royal 

license the name and arras of Carill Worsley. Of this marriage 

j there was no issue ; but by a former marriage with Ruth Scholar, 

I her husband having had issue an only son, his wife adopted him, 

ji and at her death he succeeded to the inheritance of the Worsleys 

j as Thomas Carill Worsley of Piatt, Esq. Thomas Carill Worsley 

Esq. was born May 12, 1739. He married in 1791 Elizabeth, 

only child of James Norman of Winster in the county of Derby, 

Esq., and dying in 1808 left issue, besides daughters, three sons — 

Thomas Carill Worsley Esq. his successor, born in 1792, but died 

in 1848 s.p. ; Charles Carill Worsley Esq., who succeeded to the 

estates on the death of his brother, and is now the representative 

of the family ; and John Carill Worsley, in holy orders, who died 

unmarried in 1829. 

The following pedigree of the Worsleys, in descent from Charles 
the younger son of the Major General and his wife Dorothy Kenyon 
of Parkhead, is enrolled in the College of Arms : — 

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S^ »a - P ^PU "^ • 
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d 5 d > c a no's 



® S ® (U-J* 

l> !ff "*» O ^ 

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5! .1" * 





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1^ til- IP 

S I-9> 


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By her will, dated May 23, 1699, Alice Ha ward, wife of Samuel 
Haward of Salford in the parish of Manchester, bequeaths unto 
Boger Worsley, son of Charles Worsley of the parish of Oldham, 
her nephew, her large silver tankard. Item she gives and be- 
queaths to Alice Worsley, daughter of the said Charles Worsley, 
her niece, <flOO; the largest silver cup, marked on the bottom 
with D L ; the large silver pottenger, marked with A L ; six silver 
spoons, one being less than the rest ; the trunk in the best chamber, 
marked with A K and 1659, and all in it ; and the chest of drawers 
in her (Alice Worsley 's) chamber, with what is in them. She gives 
unto Dorothy Worsley, daughter of the said Charles Worsley, her 
niece, d£^100; the little silver tankard with broad rings on the bot- 
tom, and a silver plate with broad edges ; the less silver pottinger ; 
one marked silver dish ; six silver spoons, marked with C W D ; one 
silk quilt for a bed ; her garden and bugle basket ; the trunk in the 
best chamber, marked with A K, and what is within it ; the chest 
of drawers in the best chamber, with what is in them. Item she 
bequeaths to her said nieces, Alice and Dorothy Worsley, one pair 
of damask sheets, four damask table cloths, twenty-nine table nap- 
kins, and two pair of Holland pillow beers, — equally to be divided 
betwixt them. Also she bequeaths to Sarah Worsley, daughter of 
the said Charles Worsley, her niece, one little wrought silver cup 
taster and one silver boat. She appoints William Ashton, rector of 
Prestwich, and Kalph Worsley of Piatt, Gent., her executors. 

At an early period in the thirteenth century the hamlet of Birch, 
or as it was more anciently designated Hindley Birch, was vested in 
the family of Hathersage, to whom, as a part of the manor of 
Withington, it had been granted by the Grelles, lords of Manchester. 

Towards the close of the reign of King John, or in the early part 
of that of his successor Henry III., Matthew, son of Matthew de 
Hathersage, conveyed the estate to Matthew, son of Matthew de 

A copy of the deed by which this transfer was effected is still in 

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existence.^ It gives us the original bounds of the hamlet ; com- 
mencing at the great ditch and so across, as far as the boundary of 
Piatt ; thence towards the north as far as the Gore-brook, and up 
the stream of the Gore-brook as far as the ford at Rushford ; thence 
following ^' le matregate"" as far as the great ditch, and keeping 
along the great ditch to the boundary of Piatt. To this territorial 
transfer was annexed the right of pannage, or the feeding of his swine, 
in the lord's woods and the grinding of corn hopper- free, without pay- 
ment of toll, at any of the lord's mills within the manor ; the ac- 
knowledgment to be rendered being the yearly payment of three shil- 
lings, namely, eighteen pence at the feast of the Annunciation of the 
Virgin Mary, and eighteen pence at the feast of St. Michael. The 
deed is witnessed by Sir Geoffrey de Chetham, Sir Adam de Bury, 
Sir William Doly, Robert de Byron, Richard de Trafford, Robert 
de Reddish, William de Heyton, Richard de Chorlton, William de 
Didsbury and Thomas de Barlow. 

Alexander del Birches, grandson to Matthew del Birches the 
younger, in the last-recited indenture, died in or about the 12 
Edward II. (1318), in which year Robert, his Mdest son and heir, 
re-settled his estates, including certain lands which formed the 
jointure of his mother then living, limiting them to himself for his 
life, with remainder to his son Henry, and in case of failure of issue 
to his son Henry then the estates so limited to revert to the right 
heirs of himself and his wife Alice, daughter of Henry de Wytfeld. 
In an enumeration of his possessions we find mention of a water 
com^mill. This in the 16 Edward II. (1322) he leased to Robert, 
son of Henry de Trafford, it being in fact but the renewal of a 
former lease granted by his father to the said Robert. The premises 
are described as Birch Mill, together with a house and an acre of 
land adjoining ; to which was added all water privileges within the 
limits of Birch, a suitable place to winnow corn, and a right of road 
to and from the mill, &o. 

William del Birches, the son and heir of William and grandson 
of Henry del Birch, to whom reference has been made in the deed of 

' Tide Appendix. 

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entail just adverted to, was living in the 10 Henry IV. (1408). In 
the 7 Henry VI. (1428) he executed a deed limiting his estates to 
himself and his wife Margaret, with remainder at their death to 
Balph, Robert, Edmund and Thomas, their sons in succession. 
Balph^ the eldest son, accompanied Henry V. in his invasion of 
France as one of the retinue of Sir Nicholas de Longford, and was 
present at the battle of Agincourt in 1415.* He had a son Ralph, 
living in the 27 Henry VI. (1448), whose son Robert was father to 
William Birch, living in the reign of Richard III. 

William Birch had four sons: George, his heir; Robert, to 
whom in the 2 Richard III. (1484) he devised twelve acres of land 
in Birch, bounded by the Michewall Diche on the south, and on the 
north by a messuage called Wynnerhey; James; and Thomas in 
holy orders. 

George Birch married Marion, daughter of Thomas Beck of 
Manchester, Gent. The marriage covenant bears date the 16th of 
April, 10 Henry VIII. (1518), and is as follows: — 

This indenture made the xij*^ day of Aprill in this x*^ yere of 
the reign of Kynge Henre the eght betwene Thomas Bekke of 
Man chest open the one p'^tie and George Byrche son and here of 
Wiftm Byrche opon the other p'tie, wittenesseth that the sayd 
George Byrche covnntes and grauntes to the said Thomas Bekke by 
thes p'^sentes that he the said George shall by the g'ce of God wedde 
and take to wife Maryon doghter of the said Thomas Bekke at the 
resonable requeste of the said Thomas Bekke or his heres and afor 
the ffeste of Seynt Michaell th^ archaungcU nexte ensuyng'* the date 
herofT: and furthermor the said George Byrche covnntes and 
grauntes to the said Thomas Bekke by thes p'scntes that he the said 
George afore the sayd day of weddyng shall make or do to be made 
to the said Maryon or to certen feofies to her use, at the nominacon of 
the sayd Thomas Bekke, a suer sufficient astate of landes and tehtes, 

> JECarl. MS. 782. — The serrices of this family in France are commemorated bj a 
grant of arms made, as it is alleged, by Edward m., who, in right of his soyereignty 
oyer France, permitted the family to assume the three fleurs-de-lis which they now 
bear. — Burke's Landed Chwtn^ toI. i. p. 98. 

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p'^cell of his inheritaunce, and now beyng in his awyne possession, to 
and of the clere yerely value of vj m^«* over all maner charges and 
repryses. To have and to holde to the said Maryon or to the sai ' s 
feoiTes to her use duryng all the lyve of the said Maryon. The 
remaynd' theroff to the right heres of the said George Byrche it 
eV; ffor the whiche mariage and astate in maner and fouruie 
aforsaid to be made and done, the said Thomas Bekke covnntes and 
grauntes to the said George Byrche by thes p'^sentes to paye or cause 
to be payed to the said George or his assignes, the day of the sayd 
mariage or before, xV^ of good lawfull money of England. In 
wittenesse wheroff the p'tyes aforsaid to thes p'sent indentures 
intchaungeable have sett yare sealles. Yeven the day and yere 
above written. 

The issue of this marriage was three sons : Thomas, his eldest 
son and heir ; George and William, and also four daughters, Eliza- 
beth, wife of Mr. Thomas Higgen of Manchester ;^ Annes, Margaret 
and Jennet. 

* Will of Thomas Hygen of Manoheeter, « occnpyer." Dated January 18, 1565-6. 
He desires to be buried in Jesns Chapel, in the parish church of Manchester. He 
names '* Elizabeth, now mj wife, Robert Hjgen, my brother and his wife ; Anthony 
Hygen, my brother ; Thomas Hygen, my eldest sone ; Anthonye Hygen, my 
seconde sone ; George Hygen, my third sone j Edward Hygen, my fonrthe sone ; 
Elixabeth, my doughter; John Hygen, my godson; my brother-in-lawe, G^rge 
Byrche; my brother-in-lawe, Thomas Byrche, Gteat,** Bobert Beoke to haye the 
custody of Thomas Hygen, my sone^ until he come of age ; George Byrche, mercer, 
to have the custody of my sone G^eorge Hygen j Elizabeth, my wiffe, to have the 
custody of my doughter. He appoints as his executors Bobert Becke and George 
Byrcbe aforesaid, and requests Thomas Byrche, G«nt., Edward Bediot, Miles 
Oylsford and Anthony Hygen to act as supervisors. Anthony Hygen, testator's 
second son, entered Holy Orders, and became, in 1608, Dean of Bipon. He died 
November 17, 1624, and was buried the following day at Bipon. His will is dated 
November 12th, a few days before his decease. He bequeaths *' to my cosen Thomas 
Burtche one bason and ure of silver and the best gelding that I have. To my cosen 
Wmiam Burtche of Dighton (Eirk Deighton, near Wefcherby, of which parish the 
Dean was rector) I gave 40^, and I lent him 40^^ more, of which I quitt him all, if it 
please 6h)d I die. To my cosen William Burtche of Manchester 5". To my cosen 
Thomas Burtche one sute of damaske and ano' of diaper w^ is at Maister Cundalls in 
Bippon and 20'* in money towards the stocking of his grounds, for I am aiShud that 


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His will is dated the 23rd of November, 24 Henry VIII. (1532.) 
In nomine Dei amen. I George Byrche in the countie of Lancasti^ 
mtylman, hole of mynde and m'^mory, the xxiij*^ day of Novembre 
ji. the xxiiij*^ yer' of the raigne of o*" sov'^eigne lorde Kyng Henry the 
V lij^ make this my laste will and testament of and in all and singler 
:oy mease} landes tenT^es and hereditamentes w* th' app^tennces in the 
said countie of Lancaster^ in man^ and forme foloyng. That is to 
saye whearas I the said George Byrche before this tyme have 
by dede dated the xx*^ day of November in the xxiiij*^ yei? of the 
reigne of o' sov'eigne lorde Kyng Henry the viij*« infeoffed my right 
trusty frendes John Bamford son and here app^ant of George Bam- 
ford of the Holt gentilman, John Platte of the Platte, Thomas 
Becke of Manchester, Robert Mosse, Thomas Ghorleton and S'^ 
Thomas Birche p^ste, my broder, and there heires for ev', of and in 
all and singler my meas63, landes, tenses, rentes, revisions and 
pWce3 w* th' app'tennces, lying and beyng in the countie of Lan- 
caster as by the same dede of feoffement more at large dothe appere ; 
ffirste I will that my seides feoffes and there heires and ev'y of theym 
shall from hensfurthe stande and be seasyd of and in all and singler 
the seides mease}, landes, tenles and other the p'misse} w* yare 
appHennces conteigned in the seid dede of feoffement, to th' use of 
me the seid George Byrche for terme of my life naturall w*oute 
impechement of waste, and also shall suffre me the seid George and 
myn assigne} to take and levye all the issue}, pYettes, rentes and 
revenue} comyng and growing y'^of and of ev\v p'^cell y W duryng all 
the seid terme of my life w*oute any contdiccon exaffin or impedy- 
roent of my seides feoffes or yare heires or of any oy' p'^son or p'^sons 
by yare pcuremente or assent. Also I will that my seides feoffes 
shall w*in the space of one quart' of a yere nexte aft' my decesse 
make or cause to be made unto Wi&m Birche my yong' son one full 

his uncles who are his guardians will leave him verie bare/' Ho mentions his consin 
Cliebnme also, to whom and to his nephew Lumlej he leaves all his books, on condi- 
tion that when they die the said books shall be given to the church of Bipon '*for a 
Liberarie." The " cosen Cliebume" referred to was probably William Cleybume, B.D., 
Prebendary of Bipon in 1616, and for many years after. 

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sofficieDt and lawfull estate of and in two closes or pWls of lande 
called the Wodesley and Wode-ende lying in the Birche w^in the 
conntie of Lancaster. To have and to holde the seides closes or 
p'^celles of land w^ th^ app^tennces to the seid Wittm and his assignes 
unto [sic] the seid AViltm shall come and be of the full age of 
xxiiijt^ yeres. Also I will y* my seides feoffes shall in lykewise 
w^in the space of one quarter of a yere next after my decesse make 
or cause to be made unto George Birche my son one suer and lawfull 
estate of and in other twoo closes called the Olde Marled Erthe and 
the Pyghell, lying in the Birche aforseide in the seid countie. To 
have and to holde the seides closes with th^ app^ennces to the seid 
George and his assignes unto [sic] the seid George shall come to and 
be of the age of xxiiij*^ yeres. P'videt alwayes y* if it happen the 
seid Wilhn and George or aither of theym to decesse afor they come 
to the said age of xxiiij^ yeres that then the estate or estates to hym 
or theym made that shall happen to decesse shall from thenfiurthe 
be voyde and of noii effecte. PVidet also that aftr' that Thomas 
Birche my son and here appant shall come to and be of the age of 
xxj yeres and dothe well and truly consent and paye or cause to be 
payde unto aither of the said William and George my seides sonnes 
xx^ sterling that then the seid Thomas shall have and occupie the 
seides closes to his awyne use and behove duryng and unto such 
tyme as the said William and George and aither of theym shall 
come to and be of the full age of xxiiij*^ yeres. Also I will that my 
seides feoffes shall wMn the space of one quaix of a yere nexte af¥ 
my decesse make or cause to be made unto Elizabeth, Annes, Mar- 
garet and Jenet my doghters one sure sufficient and lawfull estate of 
and in certen closes called the vij acre, the ferther ptriche okes, the 
nerer ptriche okes, the berne iilde and the falle lying in Birche 
aforsaid. To have and to holde the seides closes w* th' app^ennces 
to the seides Elizabeth, Annes, Margaret and Jenet, and yare assig- 
nes unto snche tyme as the said Thomas my son and here appant 
shall come to and be of the age of xx^^ yeres. Also I will that my 
seides feoffes shall w^in the space of one quart of a yere nexte air 
my decesse make or cause to be made unto Maryon my wife one 

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sure sufficient and lawAiU estate of and in twoo closes called the 
Whejte Grofte and Galfe Grofte, lying in Birche aforseid, for terme 
of the liffe of the said Maryon, if shee kepe her solo and unmaryed. 
Also I will that the said Maryon my wifie shall have and occupye 
all the seides meases, landes and tenses unto suche tyme as my seid 
son and here shall come to and be of the age of xxj yeres, and therw^ 
shall fynde my seides children meyte, drynke^ lodginge and wray- 
mentes durynge the same tyme, if they will so longe abyde w* her 
and be ordred aud ruled by her and do their dutyes as they owe to 
doe. And if eny of theym will not be ordred as they owe to be, then 
they to depte at there pleasures and to take and receve the pfettes of 
suche feoffement as her'^tofor is expressed. And if my seid son and 
here appant will not abyde w^ my seid wiffe unto suche tyme as he 
come to and be of the age of xxj yeres, then I will that my seides 
feoffes shall suffre my seid son and here appant to occupye and 
inioye to his awyne ppr use thes closes or pcelles of lande called the 
Brode Meadowe, the Small Meadowe, the Milne Enolle and Dainys, 
except suche porcon of the Brode Meadowe aforseid as the seid 
Maryon hathe in dower and joyntur to th' exhibicon [sic] of my 
seid son and here unto suche tyme as he shall come to and be of the 
seid age of xxj^^ yeres. Also it is my will that if it happen the seid 
Maryon my wiffe heraf t to be maryed, that from thenffurthe she 
shall not sawe ne cause to be sawen eny of the seides landes hot onely 
suche as afor this tyme was giffen unto her in the name of dower or 
joyntur. Also I will that my seides feoffes shall suffre James Byrche 
my broder to take and r^cey ve the pYettes of all the herbage of the 
Byrche Wode, suche tyme as the seid James shall come to the age 
of xxiiij^^ yeres pvidet alwayes that it shall be leafuU for me the seid 
G-eorge to adde^ chaunge or mynysshe this my p'^sent will at all tymes 
duryng my naturall liffe at my pleasure ; and after my decesse and 
my will pYormed in man^ and fourme afor'seid, I will that my seides 
feoffes and theire heres shall stande and bee seased of and in all the 
saide meases, landes, tenntes and other the p^'mises w^ their 
appteiinces to th' use of myne heres for ev. 

George Birch was succeeded by his eldest son Thomas, of whom 

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little more has reached us than the fact that he was twice married, 
his first wife being Elizabeth, daughter of John Chetham of Nut- 
hurst Esq. (marriage-covenant dated the 16th of April, 2 Edw. VI.) 
By her he had issue George Birch, his son and heir ; Robert, a 
Fellow of the Collegiate Church Manchester^ and William ; besides 
four daughters, Elizabeth, wife of John Piatt of Piatt in Rusholme 

Gent.; Alice, the wife of Jepson ; Jennet, and Anne. By his 

second wife Ann, widow of John Bamford of Bamford Esq., he left 
no issue ; she survived her husband, and dying in 1616, was buried 
(July 23) at the Collegiate Church. Her will is as follows : In the 
name of God, amen. This third day of July in the yeare of our 
Lord God one thousand six hundreth and sixteene. I, Anne Birch, 
late wyffe of Thomas Birch of the Birch Haule in the p'ishe of 
Manchester and in the County of Lancaster widdowe, being at this 
instant sicke in body but of good and pYect remembrance, thankes 
I give unto the Allmighty for the same, — knowing that all creatures 
are mortall, and that death is most certayne and the houre of death 
most uncertayne, doe make this my last will and testament in man- 
ner and forme following, ffirst and principally I commend my soule 
into the handes of Allmighty God my Saviour and Redeemer, 
hopeing to be saved by the p'^tious blood sheddinge of Jesus Christ 
onely ; and my body to be buryed in the p'ishe Churche of Man- 
chester, neare unto my late husband. And for all my goodes chat- 
tells and cattelles whatsoever, it is my will and myud that my debtes 
and funerall expences whatsoever thoy be, shall be deducted and payd 
out of the whole before any divisionne thereof be made. And after 
Diy debtes being payd and my funerall expences discharged, then y^ 
y> my will and mynd and I give and bequeath unto my daughter 
Ales Jepsonne, widdowe, the best of my three kyne, which shee shall 
make choyse of. And for the other twoe kyne yt ys my will and 
mynd that they shall bee sould or otherwyse equally divided betwixt 
my Sonne William Birch and my daughter Ann Birch. Allsoe I 
give and bequeathe unto my grandchild Elizabeth Birche one black 
heyfer which is in calve. Allsoe I give and bequeathe unto John 
Jepsonne, James Birche, Thomas Birche sonne to Thomas Birche, 

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and Elizabeth Hulton daughter to William Hulton, one litle blacke 
stirke amongst them, AIlso yt is ray will and mynd and I give and 
bequeathe unto my twoo daughters Ane Birch and Ales Jepsonne 
my twoo gownes to be equally divided betwixt them. And £ give 
and bequeathe to Elizabeth Birche my grandchyld abovesayd my 
chamlet kyrtle. And after that my debtes bee payd, my funerali 
expences discharged, and theise legacies given satisi&ed and contented, 
yt is my will and mynd that the remaynder of all my goodes, chat- 
tells and cattells whatsoever shall bee equally divided amongst theise 
hereafter nominated, — to witt, my sonne William Birche, my 
daughter Ane Birche, my daughter Ales Jepsonne, and my grand- 
chyld Elizabeth Birche. And I doe make execu tores of this my 
last will and testament my loving kinsman Edmund Piatt and my 
grandchyld Thomas Byrche. Proved at Chester August 27, 1616. 
In the 13 Elizabeth (1570) with the view of regulating the descent 
of his estates Thomas Birch of Birch Gent, conveys on trust to 
Sir William de Radcliffe, Ralph Piatt of Rysshulme Gent., George 
Birch of Manchester mercer, and John Haughton of Manchester 
draper, his capital messuage called Hindley Birches, &c., to the 
use of George Birch his sou and heir, with remainder to Robert 
Birch his younger son, with remainder to himself the said Thomas 
Birch, with remainder to his brother George Birch.* From the 
muster-roll of soldiers to be furnished in the county of Lancaster 
in 1574 for her Majesty ''s service, we learn that he was charged 
with one long bow, one sheaf of arrows, one steel cap, and one bill. 
He died in ]595, his will being proved at Chester February 10, 
] 595-6. It is as follows : — In the name of God amen. The 
xxviij*^ daye of September anno Domi 1595 and in the xxxvij**^ 
yeare of the raigne of our Soveraigne Ladye Elizabeth by the Grace 
of God Queene of England, ffrance, Ireland, Defendor of the faithe, 
&c. I, Thomas Birche of Hindley Birche in the p'ishe of Man- 
chester and the countie of Lancaster gent., beinge sicke in bodie but 
of good and perfecte remembrance, thankes bee geaven to God, 
knowinge death to bee coinon and certaine to all livinge creatures, 

1 Harl. M8. 2112, fo. 144. 

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but the howre of deathe most nncertaine, and myndinge by the 
helpe and assistance of the Lord Jesus to order and set in readines 
suche thinges as Hee of His bountiful! goodnes and liberalitie hathe 
bestowed upon mee. Theirfore I doe institute, ordaine and make 
this my laste will and testament in maner and fibrme followinge. 
ffirste and principallye I comend my soule into the handes of 
Almightie God trustinge by the merites and death of Ghriste Jesus 
onlie to bee saved ; and my bodie I comitt to buriall, to bee buried 
w^in the Churche in Manchester in the Chapell called Jesus 
Chappell. Item it is my will and mynd that my ffunerall expences 
shalbee discharged of my whole goodes ; that done, it is my will and 
mynd that my goodes then shalbee equallie devided into iij partes 
wheirof one parte I give and bequeath to An my wife accordinge to 
the custome of the countrie ; an other parte I give unto my twoe 
sones Bobarte Birche and William Birche my yongeste sone ; the 
iij and laste parte I give unto William my yongeste soiie, excepte 
such legasyes as I shall give heirafter, to bee taken out of the iij 
parte, for hee hath been broughte upe w*'' litle charges in compari- 
Bone of my other children ; for my twoe doughters Alis and Jenet 
have had a hundereth markes either of them and more, in. money 
and other stuffe. Item it is my will and mynd, and I pronounce 
and declare by this my laste will and testament, that the some of 
y^ yearely bee taken forth of the Wood Knowle and the Broad 
Meadowe for the space of x yeares, wheirof it is my will that v noables 
a yeare duringe the space of foure yeares nexte after my decease^ 
w^ cometh to xx noables, bee payed to the feoffees of Manchester 
Scole, and the rest of the some of v pound duringe the tearme afore- 
sayed, to remaine only to my soiie William Birche ; but if William 
Birche my soiie his parte doe amounte and come to the soine of a 
hundereth poundes, then it is my will that William my soiie shall 
have but the one halfe of the v pound yearelye duringe the tearme of 
X yeares aforesayed. Item it is my will and mynde that George my 
sone and his heyres at any time heirafter, if it please them, shall and 
maye redeeme the some of v^i the yeares aforesayed. Item whereas 
the wife of James Holand hath a bill of myne of vij^ or theirabout 

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and hath not delivered it backe againe unto mee ; I payed the same 
money to fair when I receaved the money of fair that came from 
Walshoat of London. Item whereas I have been at coastes and 
charges for Edmond Piatt and tfae landes belonginge unto him^ 
theirfore it is my will and mynd that William my sone shall have 
the rule and govemement of his landes for that hee is garden 
[guardian] to him by lawe. Item it is my will that George and 
William my sones shall keepe Edmond Plat to leaminge so longe as 
they shall thinke good. Item it is my will that George my sone 
doe, accordinge to his promise^ quietly permit and suffer my wife to 
have and injoye twoe parlors or other conveniente places to her use 
if shee meane to continew here and keepe her heare unmarried. 
Item if any treble or controversie happen to arise betweene my wife 
and cfaeldren or any of them, I desyre y*» my trustie frendes Mr. 
Bobarte Hulme of Rediche, my nephew Mr. James Chetham, 
William Brownehill and Raphe Houghton or some twoe of y» to 
doe y' beste indevoure to make peace and quietnes amongste them. 
Item I give to George my sone and his heyres theise heirelomes 
foUowinge as they were lefte to mee: The great gamer in the 
barne ; . the great steepe keer ; the yrans in the halle that came from 
Durrame ; the silver salte ; the swine troughe in the kitchin ; tfae 
one halfe of the harmes and weapons in the house. Item I geve to 
Alls and Jenet my doughters eyther of them a stirke. Item I give 
to foure of George my sone his children the white heapher. Item I 
give to Jhon Whelwrighte my blew coate and lether doblet, worste 
hyer endes of hoase, a shirte and a hat. Item I give to Henry 
Wilkensone my better frize coate. Item I give to George Houlme 
iij» iiij<^ and Adam Hale ii/iiij^^; to Edward Teliare iij" iiijd; to 
George P'sivall iij^ iiij^ ; to Arnold Blomeley iij^ iiij^^ ; to Jenet 
Hyndsone iij« iiii**; to Margaret Wilsone iij« iiij<l; to Elizabeth 
P^sevall a cowe or els xl"; to Richard Jankens ij^; to Elizabeth 
Hardey xij<^. Item it is my will and mynd that my executors heir- 
after named shall take order for the payment of my deptes as apeere 
in my dept booke w^in the space of one yeare nexte after my 
decease. And of this my laste will and testament I make and 

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ordaine George Birohe and Bobarte Birche my sones my executors, 
theese beinge witnesses, Thomas Qreatres, George P'sivall, George 

William Birch, the younger brother of the testator, entered holy 
orders and received ordination from Bishop Bidley the martyr. He 
was Chaplain to King Edward YL, and held a license direct from 
the king empowering him to preach or minister in any diocese 
throughout England. In 1560 he was appointed to the Warden- 
ship of Manchester Collegiate Church in the place of Lawrence 
Vaux. The Archbishoprick of York and the Bishoprick of Chester 
being then both vacant his presentation was addressed to the Dean 
and Chapter of York.^ He held the Wardenship for the short 
space of one year, as is generally supposed, when he resigned it to 
the University of Cambridge, and not to the Crown in whom the 
patronage was vested, hoping thus to overawe certain court fevourites 
who had tried, under a threat of securing his expulsion, to obtain 
his connivance in the alienation of the lands and revenues of the 
College ; '^ being weary,'^ as he says in a letter to Archbishop Parker, 
^'of continuing in my College with such encumbrance as I have 
thereby, and having no hope to be relieved thereafter of my trouble 
except I betray that College with giving over a lease of the best 
lands it has, I desire to relinquish it to her Majesty^s disposition, so 
that it may be converted to some College in Cambridge which may 
hereafter send out preachers to inhabit that quarter, and also by the 
rest of the revenue to maintain certain students.^^^ On resigning 
the Wardenship he retired to his other preferment, the rectory of 
Stanhope, in the county of Durham, where he died in the year 

Will of the Bev. William Birch, pastor of Stanhope in Weardale : 

In Dei nomine Amen. I William Birche, Pastor of Stanhop, of 

perfect memorye in a dekeyed bodie, do maike my last will, 29 

May, anno Christi nati 1575, as foUowithe. First I committ my 

selfe and service to Jehova, hopinge only by Jesu Christ to have full 

' HollingwortVs ChromcU of Manchetter, p. 79. 
' Foundations in Manchetter, vol. i. pp. 78-82. 


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forgeavenes of my synnes, resurrection of the bodie and life everlast- 
inge. Accordinge as in riches the Lorde haith by his good blessinge 
maide me steward, so nowe I bequithe them unto hym, as by his 
godlie will he shall guyde my harte to bestowe them, Ipse animum 
et calamum dirigat. 1. To the poor of Gatisheade I geve x*, to be 
distributed by there collectors or chnrchewardens, and x^ to poore 
handye crafte men, to be distributed by there pastor, and x^ to the 
poorest prisoners in the Castell in Newcastell, by hym to be also 
distributed with foode for there sowle. 2. To the poore prisoners in 
Durham Craile xx«, to be delivered by a preacher that will geve 
them godlie counsell. 3. x" to the poore prisoners in Lancastre 
Castle. 4. To the poore householders in Stanhop parishe, to be 
devided by the advise of the next pastor and two churchwardens 
and minister, iij^. 5. To xx poore householders, not common 
beggers, xx^, in Durham, by the counsell of the minister of St. 
Oswold^s and St. Gyles, as be not unthrifts, and xx^ to poore begyn- 
ners, craftsmen, to sett upp there occupation. 6. To xx poore 
wedows or dekeyed artificers in Manchester and Sawforde xl", to 
every one ij* not unthrifte. 7. To xx poore maidens in Manchester 
parishe, towards there mariage iij^ iij^ a peice. 8. To neidful briggs 
or highe waies within thre myle of Byrche my brother^s house iij^ to 
be bestowed, out of his grounds, as he or his sonne, Q. Birche, 
supposeth likelye. xl" to poore craftesmen, beginners to sett up there 
occupation in Manchester parish or Stopperde. 9. To the porest 
schollers of the Lattyne speiche in the Grammar SchoUe in Durham 
and Houghton xl" to xxij» a peice. 10. To xx poore schollers in 
Latten in Manchester Schole as moch, that is, xl". 11. To ten poor in 
Stopperd x», or so moche rather to fyve. .12. To eight poore and 
likely schollers in St. John^s GoUedge or Glarehall in Cambridge 
iiij^^x" a piece ; and other iiij^ to schollers in Oxforde, to be delyvered 
by two good men of the Universities. 13. To Bicherd Dalton, my 
scholler there, I geve vj^ to maynetaine hym at learninge. 14. My 
will is that theis legaces shall be delivered, as is before said« within 
a yere after my departinge, except that the gyfts to maids mariage 
be in two yeres, viz. iij^. 15. To Anthony, Greorge and Edward 

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Higins, my sister Elizabeth^'s three children, x^ a piece, in hoU xxxl 
16. To three other her childringe, for leaminge also, William, 
Thomas and Robert Beech, xxx^, that is x^ a piece. 17. To William 
Browhill my sister Agnes' sonne, x^. 18. To Robert Birohe, my 
eldest brother's childe, for leaminge, as to the other seaven before of 
my nephes, x^. 19. To his eldest sonne, my nephew, also a student 
in the lawes, vj^ and Titus Livius. 20. To William, my brother 
George's sonne, towards learninge, x^ 21. To his other children 
aroonge them vjl 22. To George, my brother, Fabiani Chronicle, 
and vj sylver spoones of myne, that he haithe in kepinge. 23. To 
the rest of my sister Ans children x^ amonge them equallie. 24. To 
the other children of my brother Thomas viij^ equallye, and Raufe 
to have James Pilkingtons^ the Busshop of Durham, thre books, all 
in one bunden booke, that nowe I have. 25. To my brother 
Thomas, to be an heir lowme, my Geneva Bible, there printed in 
Englishe, and the sylver bear pott, parcel gilte, covered, that cost 
iiij^ Also Munsters Oosmographie, in Latten, for George, his 
sonne. 26. To the doughters of my sister Elizabeth x^, that is to 
his [sic] eldest, Elizabeth, iiij^, and to the other two iij^ a peice. 27. 
To my ant Mosse, or yf she be not, to John and Anne Mosse xx"; 
28. To my ant Becke, Nicholas, Thomas Becke, Oicily Holande, 
my cosings, x" for a token in gold ; the hoU xl«. 29. To my neigh- 
bours at Birche, 4 as greave, ij> vj^ a peice. To Raufe Barche 
ij' ^^, or his childe. 30. To the poorest in Risshum amongst them 
v». 31. To the poorest in Wythinton v«. To the poorest in 
Didisbury v». 32. To Robert Bewicke of Durham ij« vjd. 33. To 
my trustie servant John Johnson, at Sedgefeilde, iiij^ and my best 
Lattyn Testament, with Beza^s notes. To the other John Johnson, 
of Stanhop, iiij^ x^. To Richard Rawlinge, minister, who with 
Johnsons, might helpe to gether my debts iiij^ and Inst. Calvin. To 
Richard Jackson, minister, my Greike and Lattyn Testament with 
Erasmuses Annotations ; Aristotells Moral Philosophic of Argiroples 
Translation, with an epitome before it; Metamorphosis of Ovid, 
with a Gomraentary, and Ovidius de Fastis, with a lardge Comment. 
34. To John Peirson and his wyfe, my wyves servants, vj» viij^. 

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To Richard Pursglove iij». To Ewen Halliwell ij». 35. The rest 
of my Englishe books to be geven to men and children of Stanhop 
parishe and Durham^ that can reid« except that if my brother 
desireth A Beplye to Mr. D' Whitgifte, by Thomas Cartewrighte, is 
Saufe Wedowes booke, delyver with yt to hym Boderike Mors and 
AI. Nowell against Dorman. My books of the Lawes of this 
Bealme I leave to Thomas my brother, for his children as he 
thinketh, or to George his sonne, for hym and brethren. 36. The 
seaven newe volomes of Givill Lawe I geve to Anthony Higgins, 
with the Annotations of Budseas upon the Pandects. The Canon 
Lawe books to G. Higgins. 37. All Greeke and Hebrewe books 
or halfe Greke and Hebrewe^ to William and Tho. Beech. Plato, 
in Lattyn, to go with Greeke Plato; and Latten parts of Aristotle 
to go with the Greeke. 38. To William Browell the books of 
Erasmus, with Melancthon's Logike and Bhet., Oicero'^s Works to 
Edward Higgins, Logike, Arithmetike, Gosmographie and books of 
Astronomy in Latten, and the poets. 39. To Bobert Birche all 
books of profane and ecclesiasticall histories, as the Fjve Centuries, 
in three volumes, Sledane, Eusebius. My Latten Gramer books to 
be geven to three poore Latten schoUers at any grammar scholls. 
40. All my Lattyn Divinitie books to be geven to those of my 
nephews that first be teachers in the Ecclesiasticall Ministerey. 
Seneca and Budseus de Contemptu rerum fortuitarum to Bichard 
Dalton. The fyrst gyft of some books before sheweth that I meane 
not of them in lardger wordes after. 41. If dowtes in thes legaces, 
I geve to my executors aucthoritie to do as by godlie discretion they 
shall thinke good, and dare answere before that Judge that seith our 
mynde, before which Jesus Christ all must appeare; and thoughe 
over the funeralls, debts and legaces paid, all goods be the executors, 
yet my will I do declaire to be, that yf the part remayning be greit, 
they shall of the remayning parte help poore neighbours, partlye by 
guifts and partlye by lending freelye to the needye, especialye the 
godlye, for they ar but stuerds, under God, the true Owner, and I 
was and am. The disposers, bestowers and executors of this my 
last will and testament I maike and appointe my brother Thomas or 

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his Sonne George for hym, yf he be not leyvinge or not very willinge 
to execut ; and with the one of them my other brother, George 
Birohe ; or, yf Gborge be not leyringe, I appoint Anthony Higgins 
executor, prayinge my executors to agree and let not my goods 
trewlie gotten to helpe, be an occasion to hurte them or others'. 
Subscriptio confirmat hoc esse Testamentum. 


Testis Bichardus Bawlinge. Probat. xxx mensis Novembris anno 
Domini 1575.^ 

On the death of Thomas Birch G^nt. in 1 595, he was succeeded, 
as already intimated, by his eldest son George Birch. 

George Birch added to the original extent of the family estate by 
his marriage with Anne, daughter and heiress of John Bamford 
Gent., and the consequent annexation of the Holt demesne in 
Withington, as well as other lands. 

At the time of their marriage they stood to each other in the 
relation of step-brother and sister, the mother of the latter having 
recently become the second wife of Thomas Birch, the father of 
George Birch. 

He died, as appears from his inventory, in 1601, and was buried 
at the Collegiate Church, February 15, leaving issue George Birch 
his eldest son, William, Thomas, John, Edmund and James. 

His inventory, *^ taken and praised'^ the 24th day of February 
1601, shows the value of his goods and chattels to have been 
<f 191 5s. lOd. ; among the items which occur are the following : — 
In apparell for his bodie vj^ ; item in bookes xl" ; item in pewter 
Ixxij poundes at yj^ a pound xxxvj^ ; item a bakspitte, a fleshooke, 
ij tostinge irons and ij fringe-pans ; item a pair of bellies xvj^ ; item 
ij chers and iiij stols wrought with neeld work xxxiij" viij<^ ; item a 
case of trenchers ij". 

Shortly after her husband'^s death the widow executed a deed 

bearing date February 12, 1602, settling all the lands she inherited 

firom her late father John Bamford upon her eldest son Goorge Birch 

and his heirs, subject however to a life interest in a house and 

^ Stirtees Society's Publications, toL xxii, pp. cx-cxir. 

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certain lands called the Forty Acres to the use of her son William 
Birch ; and also a life interest in a tenement in the parish of Mid- 
dleton, in the tenure of John Eay, and one close in Spotland called 
Smythie Scholfeild, to the use of her son Thomas Birch ; and also 
of a life interest in a tenement in the parish of Rochdale, in the 
tenure of Robert Ghadwick, to the use of her son John Birch ; and 
as to the remainder of her lands the same to be to herself for her 
life ; and all these several uses ended, the whole of her inheritance 
to go to the use of her eldest son George Birch and his heirs for ever. 
She married secondly Francis Dukinfield. 

On the death of George Birch in 1601, he was succeeded by his 
eldest son George, who had not attained his full age. In his minor- 
ity he was committed to the guardianship of one of the Mosleys. 
He married shortly afterwards, in 1606, Anne, daughter of Ellis 
Hey of Monkshall in the parish of Eccles, Gent. The marriage 
settlement is dated September 30, 1606, and speaks of the marriage 
as having then already taken place. The contracting parties are 
George Birch of Birch Hall in Withington Gent, on the one part, 
and Ellis Hey of the Menkes Hall in Eccles Gent, and Adam Smith 
of Manchester, mercer, on the other part. The deed witnesses that 
George Birch does covenant and grant to and with the said Ellis 
Heye and Adam Smith for and in consideration of a marriage 
already had and solemnized between the said George Birch and 
Anne his now wife, daughter of the said Ellis Hey, and for and in 
consideration of the sum of ^^300 already paid and to be paid by the 
said Ellis Hey to the said George Birch, and in consideration of the 
better maintenance and stay of living of the said Anne, wife of the 
said George Birch, and for the assuring and conveying of a compe- 
tent and sufficient jointure to the use of the said Anne, that he the 
said George Birch shall and will before the Feast of Easter next 
convey and assure unto the said Ellis Hey and Adam Smith all that 
part and portion of the capital messuage or tenement called Birch 
Hall in Withington, and all and every the fields, closes, clausures 
and parcels of land hereafter named, that is to say the Barn Field, 
the Two Oaks, the Seven Acres, the Five Acres, the Long Small 

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Meadow, the Three Acres, the Old Marled Earth, the Wood Field, 
the Wheat Croft, the Fall, the Pighowt and the Calf Croft, to the 
use and behoof of the said George Birch and his assigns for and 
daring the term of his natural life ; and after the death of the said 
George Birch, then to the use and behoof of the said Anne, wife of 
the said George Birch, for the term of her life, in lieu and in full 
satisfaction of all and every her dower and jointure during the 
minority of any heir male that may issue, and so long as she keep 
herself unmarried ; but if any heir male should attain the age of 
twenty-one years in the life-time of the said Anne Birch, or if the 
said Anne Birch marry again then the estate to be forfeited and to 
be charged with an annual payment of JE^SO for her use. 

By this marriage George Birch had issue an only son, Thomas 
Birch, his successor, and a daughter Anne, married in 1 629 to John, 
son and heir of John Einsey of Blackden in the county of Chester 
Gent. Her marriage-portion '' was j^SOO, being in lewe and full 
recdmpence and satisfacffin of her childes pte and filiall porcon of 
the goodes and chattells^^ of her deceased father. 

George Birch died in 1611, having scarcely reached the age of 
thirty years. His will is dated July 28, 1611. He describes himself 
as of Hindley Birche in the county of Lancaster gentleman, " sicke 
in bodye but of good and p^fect remembrance, thankes be given to 
God.'' First and principally he commends his soul into the hands 
of Almighty God, trusting to be saved by the blood-shedding and 
passion of Jesus Christ ; and his body he commits to the earth to 
be buried in Jesus Chapel in Manchester Church. He gives and 
bequeaths towards the repairing of the said Jesus Chapel ten shil- 
lings. To Elizabeth Parsivall he gives ten shillings; and to the 
poor of Manchester parish ten shillings. To Ellis Chadwick of the 
parish of Bochdale he bequeaths forty shillings. And touching the 
rest and residue of all his goods, debts and chattels, his will and 
mind is that they shall be equally divided into three parts, whereof 
he reserves one part to himself, the second he bequeaths to Anne 
Birch his wife, and the third he gives to Anne Birch his daughter. 
He charges his own third part with the payment of his legacies and 

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Aineral expenses ; and the rest and residue of this his third part he 
bequeaths in equal portions to his wife and child. His will and 
mind is that ^^ my brother James Birche shall have all that belongeth 
unto him uppon accompt paid unto him w^in the space of one yeare 
after my deceasse.**^ He gives to his brother William Birch his best 
cloak, and to Thomas Birch his brother his cloak best but one ; all 
the rest and residue of his apparel to be divided amongst his 
brothers. He gives to Mr. Deane of Ripone one gowne and cloth 
to cover the pulpit w^all. And of this his last will and testament 
he makes, constitutes and ordains Mr. Anthonie Higgens, Dean of 
Bipon, Ellis Hey his father-in-law^ and Anne Birch his wife his 
true and lawful executors. The will was proved at Chester October 
16, 1611. The inventory of his goods and chattels was under ^f 200. 
The inquisition post mortem of George Birch, the testator, was 
taken at Manchester on Thursday September 9^ 1613, before 
Edward Rigbie Esquire, Eschaetor, by virtue of a writ of the king 
to him directed, on the oaths of Robert Ashton of Shepley Gent., 
Edmund Haworth of Haworth Gent., Francis Wolstenholme of 
Wolstenholme Gent., James Hall of Droylsden Gent.^ Ralph Butter- 
worth of Woldhouse (?) Gent., Edmund Whitehead of Birchen . • . 
Gent., Richard Bury of Gooden Gent., John Chadwick of Wolsten- 
holme Gent., John Ashton of Herod Gent., Robert Bardesley of 
Ashton-under-Line Gent., Richard Lenny of Rochdale Gent., 
George Buckley of Whitefield G^nt., Joseph Scholes of Chadderton 
Gent., Henry Bamford of Shore Gent., and Thomas Bradshawe of 
Salford Gent., jurors ; who say upon their oaths that on the day 
before the death of the said George Birch he was seised in his 
demesne as of fee, of and in two parts of two messuages called Birch 
Hall, two cottages, three gardens, two orchards, forty acres of land, 
twenty acres of meadow, sixty acres of pasture and ten acres of 
wood, in Birch and Rusholme within Withington in the county of 
Lancaster ; and also of and in the reversion of a third part of the 
aforesaid messuages, cottages, gardens, &c. in Birch and Rusholme 
as aforesaid, after the death of Anne Dokenfield, wife of Francis 
Dokenfield Gent., mother of the aforesaid George Birch deceased. 

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And that the said George Birch was seised in his demesne as of fee 
of and in eight acres of wood in 'Withiugton, lately occupied with a 
certain messnage called The Holt, in Withington aforesaid ; and of 
and in a moiety of three messuages, three gardens and three tofts in 
Manchester aforesaid. The inquisition next recites the marriage 
covenant of George Birch already given, and then proceeds to say 
that the said George Birch, being seised of all and every the afore- 
said premises, died at Eccles on the 22nd day of August, 9 James I. 
(1611), and that Thomas Birch is son and heir of the aforesaid 
George, and is at the time of the taking of this inquisition of the age 
of five years and four months ; and that the said messuages, lands 
and tenements in Birch aritt Busholme within the manor of 
Withington are held, and at the time of the decease of the sud 
G^rge Birch were held of Rowland Mosley Esquire as of his manor 
of Withington, in free socage, by fealty and a rent of three shillings 
and twopence ; and that the premises named in the aforesaid inden- 
ture are worth yearly in all outgoings clear of deductions twenty 
shillings ; and that the rest of the premises in Withington are worth 
yearly in all outgoings, &x;., forty shillings ; and that the aforesaid 
lands and tenements in Withington, lately occupied with the afore- 
said messnage called The Holt^ is held of the said Rowland Mosley 
Esquire as of his manor of Withington, by knight's service, namely, 
by the fiftieth part of a knight's fee and a rent of twopence, and is 
worth yearly in all outgoings, &c., six shillings and eightpence ; and 
that the aforesaid messuages and lands in Manchester are held of 
the said Rowland Mosley Esquire as of his manor of Manchester, 
by knight's service, namely by the fiftieth part of a knight's fee and 
a yearly rent of twelve pence ; and at the time of the death of the 
said George were held of Sir Nicholas Mosley, now deceased, as of 
his manor of Manchester a like payment, and are worth yearly in 
all outgoings, &c., ten shillings. And the aforesaid jurors further 
say that the said Anne Birch widow, late wife of the said George 
Birch, is now surviving and in full life at Manchester ; and that the 
said Anne, wife of the aforesaid Francis Dokenfield, is surviving 
and in full life at Manchester; and that the aforesaid Anne and 


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the aforesaid Ellis Hey have received the outgoings and profits of 
the lands^ tenements and premises from the time of the death of 
the aforesaid George up to the day of the taking of this inquisition. 
And the jurors further say that the aforesaid G^rge Birch had no 
other or more manors, messuages^ lands, tenements or heredita- 
ments, on the day of his death as far as they could ascertain. 

Thomas Birch, on succeeding to the estates of the family at the 
death of his father, had but attained the age of three years. He was 
bom in 1608, and baptised at Eccles on the 5th of June in that year. 
He lived in the eventful days of Charles I., and in the civil dissen- 
sions of that unsettled period espoused the popular side. At the 
commencement of the war he offered 4iis active services to the Par- 
liament, and on the 13th of June 1642 received from Lord Wharton 
his commission as captain in a regiment of foot. On the 15th of 
January following, a circumstance occurred which brought him in 
collinon with one of the royalist leaders Lord Strange, afterwards 
Earl of Derby, and laid the foundation of a personal hostility to that 
nobleman^ which was never afterwards extinguished. On the 
occasion of a banquet given in Manchester to Lord Strange, a number 
of adherents to the royalist cause accompanied him thither^ — the 
high sheriff. Lord Molineux, Sir Alexander Badcliffe, Sir Gilbert 
Hoghton, Mr. Holt of Stubley, Mr. Farrington, Mr. Prestwich, 
Mr. Tildesley, &c. It is probable that this assemblage had some 
political significance, and was an expression of sympathy towards 
Lord Strange, whose recent appointment by the king to the lieute- 
nancy of the county had been annulled by the parliament in &vour 
of their own partisan Lord Wharton. Be this as it may^ they were 
met by an armed band, headed by Captain Birch, who disputed 
their passage, and gave orders to his men to fire upon them. This, 
the rain (which was felling heavily at the time) prevented, putting 
out their matches, and the royalists taking courage repelled the 
attack, and forced their assailants to disperse, Captain Birch hiding 
himself under a cart which happened to be standing in the street. 
This event gained for him the sobriquet of ^* Lord Derby^s carter,"'' 

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and is the cause assigned by Seacombe^ for Birch's malice towards 
Lord Derby^ which, whenever an opportunity occurred, was too 
apparent to pass unnoticed. On the 14th of December in that year 
he received from Lord Wharton his commission as major in the 
regiment of Oolonel Ralph Assheton. His first distinction was his 
success before Preston on the 13th of February 1643, which town 
he and his companions in arms, Major-General Sir John Seaton, 
Colonel Holland, Major Sparrow and Captain Booth carried by 
storm. Their march thither was from Manchester on the 10th 
instant, and their forces consisted of three companies of foot, to 
which about double that number of troops was added from Bolton 
and Blackburn. The assault lasted for two hours, and was attended 
with considerable loss od both sides. Amongst the killed were 
Adam Morte^ mayor of Preston, and his son ; Captain Hoghton 
(brother of Sir Gilbert Hoghton)^ Major Purvey^ &c. The prisoners 
numbered two hundred^ including Captain Farrington, Captain 
Preston, Mr. George Talbot (son of Sir John Talbot), Mr. Richard 
Fleetwood, Mr. Blundell, Mr. Thomas Hoghton and Captain 
Hoghton (nephews of Sir Gilbert Hoghton)^ Lady Hoghton and 
Lady Girlington. From Preston Major Birch proceeded to Lan- 
caster, which surrendered to him almost without resistance. 

On the 15th of March following he was appointed colonel of a 
foot regiment by Ferdinando Lord Fairfax, and in April he was 
named as one of the committee of sequestrations for Lancashire, 
'^for sequestering the estates of notorious delinquents.''^ In June 
1644 the town of Liverpool, stormed by Prince Rupert, was retaken 
after the lapse of a few days by the parliamentary forces, and Colonel 
Birch was appointed governor. 

For the next five yeara his name does not occur in any of the 
enterprises undertaken. His connection with Liverpool continued 
unbroken, and in October 1649 he was elected to represent that 
constituency in parliament in place of Sir Richard Wynn deceased. 

About this time his duties as sequestrator brought him into con- 
tact with Humphrey Chetham, the founder, and that in relation to 

^ Eou$e of Stanley, p. 1S3. 

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hifl then contemplated foundation. Having matured his plans, Mr. 
Ghetham was desirous of purchasing certain lands in Manchester 
called the College, late the property of the Earl of Derby, but then 
under sequestration ; and to this end he applied to the committee 
for sequestrations, to whom a petition was addressed, and the follow- 
ing answer prepared : — Whereas there is a bowse and outhowseing 
with th' appurtenances in Manchester, called the GoUedge, which 
was sequestred as parte of the inheritance of the Earle of Derbie, the 
which have yeilded noe profit to the publicke duringe the tyme the 
same hath bin sequestred nor is likelie to doe unles the same bee 
repaired which will require a great sume of money, the same beinge 
very ruinous and in greate decay as wee are informed ; and whereas 
Humfrey Ghetham Esquire hath desired the same to bee employed 
for a pious use^ viz^ for an habita^n for some poore children or aged 
and infirme ould folkes, which hee intends to manteine and provide 
for at his owne costes and charges, and will make the same or some 
partes thereof habitable and fitte for that purpose ; — Wee whose 
names are subscribed of the comittee of sequestracons for the countie 
of Lancaster, beinge willinge to further soe good a worke, doe give 
way and leave soe farre as in us lyes to the said Mr. Ghetham to 
have and use the said coUedge howse with th' appurtenances to and 
for the use and purpose aforesaid; whereunto wee doe the rather 
consent for that wee are thereunto sollicited by some of the cheife 
inhabitantes of the townes of Manchester aforesaid and Salford in 
the said countie of Lancaster. In witnes whereof wee have hereunto 
set our handes the tenthe daie of September anno Dni 1649. 

This document was signed by Peter Egerton, John Starkie, 
Thomas Fell and Edward Butterworth. On its being submitted to 
Golonel Birch for his signature, he refused to append it unless Mr. 
Ghetham would pledge himself to apply the premises named to the 
purpose indicated; he therefore returned the paper, having first 
inscribed on the margin the following memorandum : — September 
20th 1649. I, Humphrey Ghethem Esquire, do undertake to main- 
taine twentie poore people at the coUedge, viz. aged persons w^ 
[blank] ev'ie one p ann. and younge boyes to leaminge w*^ allow- 

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ance of [blank] p ann. ffor w^ puipose I will settle a durable and 
constant estate of this value out of lands for ever as assurance to that 
purpose may be thought fitt and drawne up by counoell learned in 
the lawes. In pnce and witnes of [blank]. 

This insolent dictation led to a temporary abandonment of Mr. 
Ghetham^s design, that worthy individual justly regarding Colonel 
Birches refusal as a suspicion that his motives were corrupt. The 
original document is still preserved in the Chetham Ubrary. Be- 
neath Colonel Birch's proposal, which has been cut out but after- 
wards restored, are two explanatory memoranda : — Mem. That the 
forementioned termes and conditions were pposed by Mr. Tho. Birch 
of Birch Chappell to Mr. Chetham when James Lightbowne &c. 
were sent to the said Tho. Birch for his hand and consent (hee 
being then a comittee man for sequestration) w<^ said pposalls when 
Mr. Chetham saw them was much offended that Mr. Birch should 
bee soe lordly to comand ov' soe charitable an intention^ and there- 
fore did refuse to buy the coUedge. 

Mem. When Majo' Badcliff one of j^ ffeofees saw the aboves^ 
sawcie pposell of the said Tho. Birtch, hee cutt it forth as may app'^ 
w^ is still p^served that if this in after ages bee taken notice of it 
may and will appeare that always the greatest pretenders for refor- 
mation doe not prove reformers. 

The whole is endorsed, — '* The Order ffor the CoUedg from the 
Comittee hindred by Mr. Birtch. Let this be kept for a lasting 

On the 5th of November 1649 Colonel Birch again rendered him- 
self conspicuous as a sequestrator by a forcible attempt to seize upon 
the revenues of the Church of Manchester. Warden Heyrick having 
refiised to give up peaceable possession. Colonel Birch placed himself 
at the head of a company of soldiers, and having broken open the 
door of the chapter house, compelled the surrender of the charter 
chest, the contents of which, says Walker^ '^were sent up to 
London, where they perished in the fire, to the great detriment of 
the college.''^ 

1 amfferingt of the Clergy^ p. 88. S«e also Fo%nAaiion9 in Manoh^ter, toL i. pp. 298-4. 

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Colonel Birches name next appears in the month of February 
following as governor of Liverpool, when he submitted to the House 
of Commons a proposition for raising the necessary funds for 
strengthening the garrison of Liverpool. The sum of ^600 had 
been already voted for that purpose, and Colonel Birches recommen- 
dation to parliament was ^'that power may be given to the said 
Thomas Birch, Captain William Duckenfield, Peter Ambrose and 
Giles Meadowcroft, Gentlemen, or any two of them, to grant and 
renew so many leases for three lives, according to former rates, unto 
such of the Earl of Derby'^s tenants in Lancashire who have &ith- 
fully adhered to the parliament in the late wars, as may forthwith 
raise and extend to the sum of ^600, by the said Colonel Birch to 
be employed for the use aforesaid."^ 

In December 1650, by a vote of the House, arrears of pay to the 
amount of e&l,805 13s. 8d. were awarded to Colonel Birch, being 
after the rate of fifteen shillings a day as captain, twenty-four 
shillings as major, and forty-five shillings as colonel. It does not, 
however, appear that this sum, though awarded, was actually paid ; 
for in January 1651-2 reference is again made to it as still owing, 
and as being about to be allowed to him ^^as so much doubled 
monies in the purchase of any lands of delinquents.**^ 

The year 1651 was memorable to Colonel Birch as affording him 
the long sought for opportunity of retaliating on Lord* Strange (now 
Earl of Derby) for the discomfiture he had already suffered at his 
hands. After the disastrous battle of Worcester, the earl retracing 
his steps towards Lancashire, on his way thither encountered a 
troop of the enemies' horse, by whom he was taken prisoner. ** The 
terms on which he surrendered were that he should have quarter 
given him for life, and condition for honourable usage ; but being 
now in his enemies^ hands, Bradshaw, Bigby and Birch design him 

to be a victim to their inveterate malice Birch, because his 

lordship had trailed him under a hay-cart at Manchester, by which 

he got even among his own party the deserved epithet of the Earl of 

Derby's carter. These three, assisted by Sir Richard Houghton, 

^ Commons* Journals, toI. tI. pp. 366-7. 

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representing to Cromwell how unsafe it would be not only to that 
country but to the whole nation to suffer that man to live, got a 
commission to try him by a pretended court-martial, the result of 
which was that he was beheaded at Bolton,^'^ October 15, 1651. 

In the month of November 1651, within a few days of the Earl of 
Derby'^s execution. Colonels Birch and Dukmfield were despatched 
to the Isle of Man to summon the countess, who had escaped thither 
for refuge, to surrender the island for the use of the parliament. On 
the 2nd of November they stormed the Castle of Bushin and Peter 
Castle, and by the treachery of an officer named Christian, to whom 
the deceased earl had committed the keeping of his wife and 
children, the island was surrendered, and the countess and her 
children were given up to the invaders, who refused her request that 
she might be permitted to retire to Peel Castle, and with her femily 
thence to embark to France or Holland.^ They were conveyed in 
the first instance to the castle of Liverpool, where Colonel Birch was 
their gaoler, but were afterwards sent to Chester Castle as a place of 
greater security. 

In 1653 Colonel Thomas Birch was again returned by the consti- 
tuency of Liverpool, in CromwelPs second parliament, which met on 
the 4th of July. Their deliberations were but short, the session 
being abruptly terminated by its dissolution on the 12th of the 
following December. In the succeeding parliament the name of 
Colonel Thomas Birch appears, and again as the representative for 
Liverpool. This was the parliament which conferred on CromweU 
the title of Lord Protector ; its sitting terminated January 22, 1656. 
In September 1656 he was again returned for Liverpool, but was 
not permitted to take his seat, the Lord Protector having exercised 
an assumed right of rejecting such of the members elected as were 
not wholly favourable to his views, Colonel Birch being of the 
number. In common with the other secluded members (upwards of 
a hundred) he signed the remonstrance to the Protector. His name 
appears in the parliament summoned by Richard Cromwell, which 
met in 1659 ; and on the 4th of July in that year, after the reading 
I SMOomWs Some <^ Stanley, pp. 114-115. ^ Ibid, pp. 143-144. 

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of a long report about the demolition of the oaatle of Liverpool, 
wherein Colonel Walton reports from the Council of State that it 
will be for the service of the State that the said castle be demolished 
and made untenable, together with the walls and towers; it was 
resolved that this house doth agree with the Council of State that 
the castle of Liverpool and the walls thereof be demolished and the 
towers made untenable, and that ^35 mentioned in the report as 
the estimated value of the lead and materials thereof be forthwith 
paid unto Walter Frost, Esquire, for the use of the Commonwealth, 
and that the dwelling-house therein with the site and materials of 
the said castle be conveyed unto Colonel Thomas Birch and his 
heirs in consideration of the demolishing thereof and for recompence 
of his charges therein.^ On the 11th of August he received per- 
mission from the House to go into the country, and on the 22nd of 
that month a letter from him was read before the House, written 
from Northwich in Cheshire, announcing the defeat of Sir George 
Booth, in which affidr it is presumed Colonel Birch was engaged. 
He is found also on several committees about this time, for reviving 
the jurisdiction of the counties palatine of Chester and Lancaster, 
and for settling the militia of London, on which latter committee 
Colonel John Birch his kinsman was one of his associates. It does 
not appear that he had a seat in parliament after the Sestoration ; 
his name only occurs in relation to a past transaction, involving the 
privileges of parliament: — On the 30th of June 1660 Sir Balph 
Assheton acquainted the House that a person who sat in the last par- 
liament took a bond of <f 100 for the doing of some particular service 
in the House ; upon which it was resolved that Sir Balph Assheton 
be required to name the person ; whereupon Sir Ralph Assheton 
named Thomas Birch of Liverpool.^ 

1 Commons' JonmalB, toI. Tii. p. 704. 

' Tho moBter-rolU of this date contain an order on Colonel Biroh for one light 
horse. The summons addressed to him is as follows : — 

By Tertue of a warr* under y^ hand and seale of y* Eight honerahle Charles Earle 
of Derhy, dated 9*^ Octobris instant, to us directed and a list thereunto annexed 
whereby yo* are charged with one light horse, yo* are hereby required to furnish and 
send out y* said light horse oompleatly armed and in all poyntee fltt for serrice, to y* 

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Thas closed the public career of Golonel Thomas Birch as far as 
can now be gathered. He lived for some years after his retirement, 
and died in 1678, in the seventy-first year of his age. His inventory^ 
is dated August 14, ]678. It estimates the *' value of his goods 
and chattels'^ at ^£^184 13s. lid., but contains nothing entitling 
it to a more extended notice. We may form, however, some 
idea of the size of Birch Hall, the residence of the family, in 
Colonel Birch's time, from an enumeration of the apartments which 
the inventory supplies: — The hall, the garden parlour, the little 
parlour, the white chamber, the middlemost room, the painted 
chamber, the dining room, the red chamber, Mrs. Birch's chamber, 
old Mrs. Birches chamber, the yellow chamber, the old wench's 

renderous at Bury on Thursday the IS*** of this instant October by one of the clocke 
in y* after noone, there to receire farther orders from Thomas Ghreenehaulgh Esq** 
who is appoynted their captaine^ and yo* are further required to send with your sayd 
horse 30 dayes pay after 2' p' diem ; hereof faile not at your perill. — Given under 
our handes this ll*"* day of October 1660. 

Your lov. friends 

HBiTETWEiQianr} ^c.^ Constables. 

ThcBbowoti ']^^^^ 

To ColloneU Birch, theise p^'sent. 

' The will of Colone] Bircb is not to be found either in the Diocesan Begistry of 
Chester or at Doctor's Commons ; nor is any copy of it known to exist. 

' Birch Hall as it now is, if not altogether modem, has yet been so modernised as 
to present no features of attraction to the antiquarian investigator. Portions of the 
original structure yet remaining show it to have been one of the black and white 
half-timbered houses so common in Lancashire. 

From a MS. in the autograph of Golonel Birch it appears that the distance between 
Birch Chapel and the Collegiate Church of Manchester was about four miles. This 
was in 1640, when the route lay over Ardwiok Ghreen. Marche 9th 1640. A true and 
p*fecte note of the dbtance betwene Birche Chappell and the Churche of Manchester 
after 5 yeardes and an halfe to the pole and 320 poles to a mil^ beinge measured the 
day and yeare above written, the ordinarie lane way thorough Birchall ffould, and so 
to Ardwick Greene ; — it is in all just 4 miles and 52 poles, viz. 

ffirst to the yate gowing out of the medowe into the lane by the horsepoole from 
the Chappell is 80 poles, w*:'* is a q't^ of a mile. 

Thence to the yate gowinge out of Anne Edges ffould is another q't'. 

Thence to the Brouke short of Bushohne is haUe a mile — all w^'* make one mile. 

Thenoe to the midle of the greene is at Ed. Baguleyes house is 1 q't'. 


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He married in October 1623 Alice, eldest daughter of Thomas 
Brooke of Norton in the county of Chester Esq., and by her had 
issue Thomas Birch his eldest son, George, Matthew, Andrew, and 
Peter the twin brother of Andrew, of whom more hereafter ; and 
five daughters, Anne wife of Alexander Bigby of Burgh Esq., 
Alice wife of John Bobinson of Bruckshaw Esq., Ellena wife of 
Thomas Holcroft of Hurst Esq., Mary and Deborah. 

His wife survived him, dying in 1697. Her will is dated 
September 23, 1 696, and is as follows : — In the name of Qod amen. 
I, Alice Birch, widdow of Thomas Birch Esquire of Birch in Lan- 
cashire, being in perfect memory and understanding but decaied in 
strength, doe upon the twenty-third day of September 1696, make 
this my last will and testament, revoking all others whatsoever. 
First I humbly commend my soul to God who gave it, in sure and 
certain hopes of his mercifuU acceptance through the mediation of 
Jesus Christ our only mediator and advocate. And as for my body 
[ desire it may be decently interred by my late beloved husband at 
the discretion of my executor. Item I do hereby constitute, appoint 
and declare my son George Birch, now living with me, to be my 
true and lawfull executor to all intents and purposes, to demand and 
receive all rights, profits and emoluments w^^ shall be due unto me, 
and to discharge all due debts and claims to which I am subject at 
my death. Item I give and bequeath to my well beloved children 
now surviving or that shall survive at my decease, to each a gold 
ring of twenty shillings value, to be kept in memory of me their 

Thence to Tho: Shelmerdine his BriclEkilne ie another 1 q't'. 

Thence to the little Plat tinge beyond John Dayies house is 1 qT. 

Thence to the furthest tree in Eaphe Hudsons furthest feild upon the riglit hand is 

1 q't', w*'^ makes another mile — y'lz, 2 miles. 
ffrom thence to Edward Richardson alias Wolworke his house as we come to Ard- 

wicke Greene is 3 qH'* of a mile and 48 poles. 
From Edward Wolworkes house to Manchester Churche is one mile one quarter 

and 4 poles. 
So that the Totall is ut supradict* 4 miles and 52 poles. 
From the House of Birche to Manchest' Churche is as neere as possibly bo 4 miles 

of this measure and this way. 

By mee Tho: Birche. 

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mother. Item T give to my servant Ann Wilkinson, for her good 
and faithfal services, one yearns wages over and above her just arrears 
at my death. Witnesses : Pet. Birch, William Birch, Sarah Bigh- 
way. Proved at Chester August 31, 1697. 

Colonel Birch was succeeded by his eldest son Thomas, who was 
baptised at the Collegiate Church October 15, 1629, and was conse- 
quently in his fiftieth year. He married in December 1658 Beatrix, 
daughter of William Cotton of Bellaport in the county of Salop 
Esquire. He was much addicted to antiquarian studies. Many of 
his MSS. were in the possession of Gregson, some of them being 
printed by that author in his Fragments Relating to Lancashire. 
The date of his death is unknown^ but he was dead in 1 700. He 
had issue three sons, — George, eldest son and heir, died unmarried 
and intestate in 1704, being at the time high sheriff of the county of 
Lancaster ; his inventory is dated June 19, 1704; it estimates the 
total value of his "goods and chattels'' at ^£^136 7s. 6d. ; Thomas, 
a captain in the Earl of Orrery's regiment, who succeeded to the 
estates on the death of his brother, but who also died unmarried ; 
and William, to whom the estates descended on the death of his 
brother ; living in 1723, but died also unmarried. He had issue also 
eight daughters, of whom Elizabeth was the wife of the Rev. John 
Tetlow, minister of Birch Chapel. Joyce Birch, her sister, makes 
her will April 28, 1 704. She describes herself as of Birch in the 
county of Lancaster, spinster. She commits her soul to God and 
her body to Christian burial in such decent manner as shall seem 
meet to her executor. And for her worldly estate she orders, gives 
and disposes of the same in manner and form following : — First it 
is her will and mind that her funeral expenses be paid out of her 
whole estate. Also it is her will that all and every the sum and 
sums of money left and given unto her by William Cotton of 
Bellowport in the county of Salop Esquire, deceased, and now 
remaining in his executors^ hands (viz. William Oldfelt Esquire and 
Philip Cotton Esquire) shall be disposed of as follows: She gives 
and bequeaths all and every the said sum and sums of money to her 
two affectionate brothers George and Thomas Birch, to be equally 

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divided betwixt them. She appoints her said loving and affectionate 
brother George Birch of Birch Esquire her sole executor. Proved 
at Chester June 23, 1 704. 

George Birch, eldest son and heir of Thomas Birch the younger, 
on succeeding to the estates, mortgaged in 1701 Birch Hall and the 
demesne to his uncle Dr. Peter Birch, the sum borrowed on security 
of the lands being ^1^000; and in October 1702 he charged his 
lands with a further mortgage of ^£^250. On the 25th of February 
1703 he re-settled his estates, limiting them to the use of himself for 
his life, and to such ftirther uses as he should by his will appoint, 
with remainder to his brothers Thomas Birch and William Birch in 
succession, with further remainder to the Bev. Peter Birch D.D. 
He died, as already stated, without issue and intestate ; and upon 
the death of his brothers Thomas and William, also without issue, 
the estates reverted to the Bev. Peter Birch D.D., their &ther'*s 
younger brother. To this member of the family Anthony Wood 
refers.^ He was son of Thomas Birch of the ancient and genteel 
family of the Birches of Birch in Lancashire. He was born in 
that county; educated in Presbyterian principles, and afterwards 
retiring with Andrew his brother to Oxford in 1670, they lived as 
sojourners in the house of John Foulks, an apothecary, in St. Mary'^s 
parish, became students in the public library, and had a tutor to 
instruct them in philosophical learning, but yet did not wear gowns. 
At length Peter, leaving Oxford for a time, did afterwards return 
with a mind to conform and wear a gown. Whereupon Dr. John 
Fell, taking cognizance of the matter, he procured certain letters 
from the Chancellor of the University in his behalf, which being 
read in a Convocation held May 6, 1673, you shall have the contents 
of them as they follow : — Peter Birch, whom these letters concern, 
did lately live among you, not so regularly either in relation to the 
church or the government of the University as he ought, yet withall, 
as I have understood, that before he went from among you, he 
declared his conformity to the church by receiving the sacrament 
publicly. Immediately after he was called away by his father, with 

* AthetuB Oxonienset, yol. ir. p. 659. 

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whom he hath with great importunity prevailed to permit him to 
return to the University (though he was pressed to go to CambridgOi 
where he was sometime since matriculated), choosing to testify his 
change of mind and receive his education there^ where he had 
formerly lived a dissenter. ^Tis my desire that he may be bachelor 
of arts after he has performed his exercises, and to compute his time 
from his matriculation in Cambridge, &c. The Chancellor then told 
the venerable Convocation in his said letters, — That when so many 
run away from the church you would think fit to encourage one who 
addresseth himself a free and thorough convert, &c. After the said 
letters were read there was some clamour in the house against the 
passing of them ; and Ralph Bawson of Brazennose College, con- 
cerning himself more than the rest in the matter (for he said openly 
that fanatics are now encouraged and loyalists set aside, &;o.), he got 
the ill-will of Dr. John Fell, who always showed himself forward in 
gaining proselytes. Dr. B. Bathurst and others of that mind. On 
the 12th day of the said month of May 1673, Peter Birch was 
matriculated as a member of Christ Church, he being then about 
twenty-one years of age, and being soon after admitted bachelor of 
arts he was made one of the chaplains or petty canons of that house 
by the said Dr. Fell. Afterwards he proceeded in arts, preached 
several times in and near Oxford, was curate of St. Thomas's parish, 
aft;erwards rector of St. £bbe''s Church for a time, and a lecturer at 
Carfax ; and being recommended to the service of James Duke of 
Orroond, he was by him made one of his chaplains. Afterwards 
he became minister of St. James's Church within the liberty of 
Westminster, chaplain to the House of Commons in 1689, and 
prebend of Westminster in the place of Dr. Simon Patrick, pro- 
moted to the see of Chichester, in which dignity he was installed 
the 18th of October the same year. He graduated B.A. 1673, 
M.A. 1674, B.D. 1683, and D.D. 1688. Dr. Birch published 
several sermons : — 1 . Sermon before the House of Commons 
on John xxvi. 3, printed at the Savoy, 168.9 ; 2. Sermon before 
the House of Commons January 30, 1693, on 2 Sam. i. 21, 
London 1694, in the 20th page of which were several expressions 

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which caused some of the said house, as was then reported, to ciy 
out " Ad Ignem." On the 20th of February following was published 
an answer to the latter sermon, entitled " A Birchen Rod for Dr. 
Birch, or some animadversions upon his sermon preached before the 
Honourable House of Commons at St. Margaret's, Westminster, 
January 30, 1693," &c. 

He married Sybil, youngest daughter and coheir of Humphrey 
Wyrley of Hampstead in the county of Stafford Esquire, by whom 
he had issue two sons, Humphrey Birch and John Wyrley Birch. 

He died in 1710. Hig will is dated June 27, 1710, and is as 
follows ; — 

In the name of God amen. I, Peter Birch, Doctor of Divinity 
and Prebendary of St. Peter^s Church, Westminster, being sick and 
weak in body but of sound and perfect understanding (praised be 
Almighty God for the same) do make this my last will in manner 
following. First I give and bequeath to my eldest son Humphrey 
all my real estate, manors, messuages, cottages, lands, tenements, 
hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever or wheresoever within 
the counties of Stafford and Warwick, and to his heirs for ever, 
paying yearly out of the same to my youngest son John ^200 at 
two even payments ; to wit at Michaelmas and Lady Day ; the first 
payment to be made at which of the said days shall first happen next 
after my decease, my said eldest son subjecting himself to the settle- 
ment made before my marriage with his mother, who was the 
youngest daughter of Humphrey Wyrley of Hamstead in the parish 
of Handsworth and said county of Stafford Esquire, now deceased. 
Item I give all my real estate, mortgages, leases, manors, messuages, 
cottages, lands, tenements, hereditaments and appurtenances what- 
soever in the county of Lancaster or elsewhere in the kingdom of 
Great Britain, and not before devised, to my eldest son ; and also all 
my goods, cattells and cbattells of what kind soever the same be, to 
my said youngest son John and his heirs and assigns for ever. And 
I hereby revoke all former wills by me made; and I do hereby 
make and appoint my dear sister Deborah Birch S0I9 executrix of 
this my last will, and guardian to both my said sons until they shall 

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July S3, 16li 

Bon ftnd hejof 
Bur. ftt Co<« ji' 

tory dated f* 
Feb. 24,10011 

George Bii . 
son and bel .' 
WIU dated [; 
July W, 161 , 
Bur.atCoU ^' 
Ch. Aug. 24 
101L ^ 

Jennet Birch. 

Anne Bireh* 
LiTing in 1695 
aud 1616 na- 



Thomae Bla 
CoL in the > 
and M.P. fd 
167& Invel 
1678. I 

1| h 
Thomas BiM 
Cb. Oct. 16« 
1689; 8Bt. 3S 
Sept. S, 166| 

Alice Birch. 
Marr. John 
Robinson of 
Ekq. Mar> 
riage license 
dated May 8, 

Mary Birch. 

Ellena Birch. 

Deborah Birch. 
Living unmar- 
ried in 1710. 

George Bird 
son aud h^ 
Died in 17(1 

nnmarried , . : . 

beinir then L * I * 

Biffh Sheri] ' " ^o^" Wyrley Birch, - Jane, dan. of John Lane of Bentley, 

of Lancaalii ■ ^^^ ^^^ nnme Wyr- Ksq , by Mary, dan. and coheir of 

His adnion l«y- i^oml710. Died Humphrey Wyrley of Hampstead. 

nanted to 1 ■ J>- ^ ^77k 

Brother Tho 

Jnii? 2.-5, irr 

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severally attain to the age of one and twenty years, and I beg she 
will take care of the education of them, and forthwith take them into 
her care and custody for that purpose. And my mind and will is 
that she shall receive and gather all the rents of all my estate by 
herself and agents^ and out of the same for her trouble and care 
thereabouts she shall receive and take to her own use during her 
natural life, without rendering any account for the same, one 
hundred pounds yearly at Michaelmas and Lady Day by even 
portions, the first at which of the said feasts shall first happen next 
after my decease. And my mind and will is further that in case 
she shall depart this life before my said sons shall attain to the age 
of one and twenty years, that then my friend Nicholas Geast of the 
parish of Handsworth in the said county of Stafibrd shall be 
guardian, and have the guardianship of both my said sons until they 
shall attain to the several ages of twenty-one years ; and I desire he 
will take care of the education of them and forthwith take them into 
his care and custody for that purpose ; and my mind and will is then 
that he shall by himself or agents receive and take all my rents of 
all my said estate, and manage the same to the best advantage of my 
said sons, taking thereout only if' 100 per annum for his care and 
trouble thereabouts until they and both of them shall attain to the 
said age of twenty-one years, without rendering any account thereof. 
And my mind and will is further^ that all the charges and expenses 
whatsoever that either my said sister or the said Nicholas G^ast 
shall be put to or expend in and about the managing my said estate 
or education or maintenance of my said children or anyways relating 
to either, shall be paid and allowed to them or both or either of them 
out of my said estate. And my mind and will is that neither my 
mother-in-law, Mrs. Wyrley, nor any of the family of the Wroths 
shall have anything whatsoever to do with the guardianship of my 
said children or the management of my said estate or any part 
thereof. And I desire my said friend Nicholas Geast will assist my 
said sister. In witness whereof, &c. Proved in the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury January 15, 1710-11. 

On the death of Dr. Peter Birch he was succeeded in his estates 

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by his son Humphrey, who took the name of Wyrley. In 1743 he 
executed a deed barring the entail of the estates, and the following 
year, for the consideration of the payment of ^6,000, conveyed 
Birch Hall and one hundred and sixty-eight acres of land to George 
Groxton of Manchester, merchant. From Mr. Groxton it passed in 
1745 to Mr. John Dickenson of Manchester, merchant, in whose 
representative. Sir John William Hamilton Anson Bart., it is now 
vested. The arms of Birch of Birch are described by Dugdale as 
azure 3 fleurs-de-lis with a serpent entwined proper. Baines, in his 
pedigree of the family {History of Lancashire^ vol. ii. p. 537) has 
incorrectly substituted the arms of Birch of Birch or Bruch near 

The town residence of the Dickensons^ successors of the old 
local family at Birch, was situated in Market-street Lane. Here 
Mr. John Dickenson, the purchaser of the Birch Hall estate, lodged 
and entertained the Pretender on the occasion of his visit to Man- 
chester in 1745. It is stated that the bed on which he lay was 
removed to Birch Villa, where it was sold a few years ago on the 
death of Miss Dickenson. The house itself in Market-street, firom 
the circumstance, received the name of the Palace. It was after- 
wards converted into an inn, when it was known as the ** Palace 
Inn.''" It has more recently been rebuilt as a warehouse, and now 
bears the designation of the '' Palace Buildings.**' 

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•asS s 












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A branch of the Birch family settled in Ardwick within Manchester 
parish and entered a pedigree at the visitation of Sir William Dugdale 
in 1 664. The precise point from which they spring is not ascertained, 
but their claim of descent was admitted, and the same arms were 
accorded to them as those borne by the Birches of Birch, differenced 
by a trefoil on the crest and a canton or in the arms. Samuel Birch 
of Ardwick Gent, resided there about the time of the Restoration. 
He married Mary Smith of Dob in the parish of Manchester, at 
whose death in 1660 the Bev. Henry Newcome preached her Ameral 
sermon, and from the published diary of this celebrated divine we 
learn that on March 22, 1662, he had a ''precious day^ with Mr. 
Sanmel Birch^ who had then recently purchased the Ordsal estate, 
and removed thither. 

Mr. Birch died in 1668-9, and was buried at the OoUegiate 
Church. His will is dated July 8, 1667, and is as follows: — In 
the name of God amen. I, Samuell Birche, of Ardwicke in the 
county of Lancaster Gentleman, beinge weake in body but of perfect 
mynd and memorie, thankes b6e to Almighty God for the same, 
and knowinge the uncertainty of this transitory life, and that all 
flesh must yeild unto death when it shall please God to call, doe 
constitute, ordayne, make and appoint this my last will and testa- 
ment inonanner and forme following : And I doe hereby revoke and 
disannuU all will and wills, testament and testaments heretofore by 
mee made and declared either by word or wrytinge, and this is onely 
to bee taken for my last will and testament, and none other, ffirst 
and principally I committ my soule into the hands of Almighty God, 
trustinge through the meritts of Jesus Christ to bee eternally saved ; 
and my body to the earth, expectinge a joyfuU resurrection, to bee 
buryed in such decent and Christian manner as to my executor 
hereafter herein nominated shall bee thought meete and convenient. 
And for the estate which it hath pleased God to bestowe upon mee 
my mynd and will is and I give and dispose of the same in manner 
followinge, that is to say, ffirst I giv^ and bequeath unto the poore 
the summe of tenn pounds to bee distributed amongst them at the 
tyme of my interrment at the discretion of my executor out of my 
whole personall estate, and in his absence att the discretion of my 

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sonnes Samuell Birch, John Bent, Edward Batcliffe and Peeter 
Antrobus Gentlemen. Item I give and bequeath unto my sonne 
John Birch of VVhitteboume in the county of Hereford Eaq'« all my 
lands, tenements, leases, and all, deeds, evidences^ wrytings and 
rescripts touching and conceminge the same. Item I give unto my 
said Sonne John Birch all the standinge bedds, all the wainscottes 
and all the tables w^^in my house, and all the stone troughs, hewen 
stone, the ladders and all the screw presses in and about the house. 
And for all the rest and residue of my^ personall estate, goods, 
cattells, moneys and plate, my mynd and will is the same to bee 
devided into fibure equall parts ; and I give and bequeath the same 
to bee equally devided and distributed amongst my four children ; 
that is to say, Shusanna Bent, Elizabeth Antrobus, Sarah Batcliffe 
and Thomas Birch, clarke. And lastly, I doe hereby constitute, 
ordayne, nominate and appoint my dearest sonne John Birch of 
Whittboume in the county of Hereford Esq" to bee the sole executor 
of this my last will and testament, hopinge hee will duely execute 
the same. In witnes whereof I the said Samuell Birch have here- 
unto sett my hand and scale the day and yeare first above written. 
Alsoe I give and bequeath unto my dearest sonne John Birch the 
docke and bell with all thinges belonginge unto the same, before the 
sealinge and delivery hereof. And whereas I have since qpy decla- 
racon of this my will, and before this day, given to my daughters 
Elisabeth and Sarah either twentie poundes, with an intent that they 
should in consideracon thereof give full discharges for any demand of 
any part of my personall estate at my decease, which discharge being 
not yet given to my content^ my mind and will now is that my two 
daughters aforesaid shall have no part of my personall estate other 
then what shall amount unto above twentie pounds a peice for my 
sonne Thomas Birche and my daughter Susanna Bente to equall 
them with theire other sisters, and then the overplus, whatever it 
may be, to bee devided in four equall parts, as I have siid before, 
and to my four children paid or delivered^ my debts, legacies and 
fbnerall charges first paid out by my executor herein named. 

Witnesses, Edmund Pesivall, Edward Hartley, John Halle. 

The sum total of the inventory is but ^93 13s. Oid. 

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The eldest surviving son of the testator, designated by the will as 
John Birch of Whitboume, was the celebrated Colonel John Birch, 
an officer in the Parliamentary Forces, who took an active part in 
the occurrences of the eventful period in which he lived. He was 
bom in 1616 (not 1626 as erroneously stated in Burke), and was 
baptised at the Oollegiate Ohurch, Manchester, on the 7th of April 
in that year. It is reported of him that in his youth, being of great 
stature, he enlisted in the army, and that on the circumstance being 
made known to his kinsman, the afterwards celebrated Oolonel 
Thomas Birch of Birch Hall, ho was received with &vour, and his 
promotion was rapid. Be this, ho\i:ever, as it may, in 1643 he had 
risen to the rank of major, and on the 14th of October 1644, ar petition 
from Colonel John Birch was presented to the House of Commons, 
praying to have as satisfaction for the sum of «f 1,500 lent in the 
service of the state, such property of one Henry Hudson, a delin- 
quent^ as is not already discovered. In May 1646 he was in 
command of the Kentish regiment at Plymouth, and became later in 
the year, by a vote of the house, governor of Bridgewater, subject to 
the approval of Sir Thomas Fairfax and the concurrence of the 
House of Lords. About this time too he entered parliament as 
member for Weobley, under which date and in which capacity he is 
alluded to by Oldmixon (vol. i. p. 299), who asserts the general 
moderation of his political opinions ; that he sometimes voted with 
the Presbyterians and sometimes with the Independents ; and gene- 
rally went with those who voted for satisfaction and security till it 
was known that Oliver and his party meant the death of the king by 
it. On the 1st of September 1645, with Colonel Pride for his 
associate, he was at the siege of Bristol; and in the month of 
December he and Colonel Morgan, uniting their forces, took the 
city of Hereford by stratagem^ sending into the city at night six men 
disguised as labourers. These surprised the sentinels, and being 
seconded, by a sudden assault, in which Colonel Birch led on the 
foot and Colonel Morgan the cavalry (in all two thousand men), 
they were in a short time masters of the city. They captured 
eleven pieces of ordnance, forty lords, knights and gentlemen of 

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consideration, whom they sent prisoners to Gloucester.^ Colonel 
Birch was instated as governor of the city by a vote of the House of 
Gommons, and a public thanksgiving was decreed in recognition of 
this seasonable success. A story is related of Colonel Birch at this 
stage of his career which strongly illustrates the insecurity of the 
times in which he lived. Soon after the taking of Hereford, Dr. 
Herbert Croft, afterwards Bishop of that see, preaching at the 
Cathedral, inveighed boldly and sharply against sacrilege, at which 
some of the oflScers then present began to mutter amongst them- 
selves, and a guard of musqueteers in the church were preparing 
their pieces, and asked whether they should fire at him, but Colonel 
Birch the governor prevented them.^ On the 23rd of March 
following two letters from Colonel Birch were read before the house, 
relating to the capture of .Sir Jacob Astley and a victory over the 
forces under his command at Stow on the Wold in Gloucestershire, 
and again a public thanksgiving was decreed. In March 1646, 
Colonel Birch, Colonel Morgan and Sir William Brereton, with 
their joint forces, marched to Worcester, and summoned the city to 
surrender to the Parliament, assuring them that the king had no 
forces to relieve them ; to which summons the inhabitants answer- 
ing that had such been the case they should have known the king^s 
pleasure, the besiegers replied that they would give them a short 
respite in order that they might the better inquire and prevent their 
own ruin. They consequently withdrew from Worcester, and 
&lling upon the town of Bridgewater, carried it by storm .^ In the 
following May Ludlow Castle surrendered to Colonel Birch, and at 
his request a supply of ammunition was forwarded to him for opera- 
tions against Goodrich Castle and Bagland Castle. At the close of 
the year he took the solemn league and covenant. On the Ist of 
March 1 646-7, it having been determined that the city of Hereford 
should be disgarrisoned, and that the Castle of Hereford should be 
kept a garrison with one hundred and three score foot in it, he 
ceased to occupy the post of governor, which was conferred on 

' Whitelock's MemoriaU^ p. 190. ^ Athena OxotUenaes, vol. iy. p. SIX, note. 

' Whitelook's Memorials, pp. 206-206. 

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Colonel Samuel Moore. After resigning the governorship of Here- 
ford, he actively employed himself in collecting troops for service in 
Ireland, with the intention of accompanying them thither. Circum- 
stances, however, occurred which rendered his presence and influence 
needful at home, to appease the discontent of the army, which from 
the pay of the soldiers having been too long withheld, began to 
manifest symptoms of insubordination. On the 11th of June 1647, 
he was requested, together with three other members, to prepare a 
letter, which they were authorised to send to General Fairfax, 
desiring that the army might remain stationary, and not advance 
within forty miles of London, his name being at the same time 
added to a committee which charged itself with the duty of putting 
London in a posture of defence. The delay in acting upon bis 
original intention of crossing to Ireland seems to have led to an 
abandonment of his design, and whatever was the destination of the 
troops their colonel remained in England. Early in the ensuing 
year he was placed on a committee to consider in what manner such 
churches, houses, towns, &;c. as have been burnt, demolished and 
spoiled since these wars may be repaired, and on the 25th of January 
he was chosen one of a commission to proceed on an important state 
mission from the parliament of England to that of Scotland, his 
brother commissioners being the Earls of Nottingham and Stamford, 
Bryan Stapleton, William Ashurst and Robert Ooodwin, Esqrs. In 
February 1647-8, we find him in Edinburgh, accomplishing his 
mission, and on the 15th of that month honourable mention was 
made in the House of Commons of his diligence and zeal. He seems 
to have returned home in August 1 648, when a more formal expres- 
sion of the tlianks of the House awaited him, and the following 
month he was deputed by parliament to proceed into Lancashire 
and the other counties where Scotch prisoners were, to inquire 
which of those prisoners were forced men, and to discharge all such 
on condition of their not serving again. This occurred shortly after 
the defeat and capture of the Duke of Hamilton near Preston. On 
the 22nd of November 1648, he was appointed high steward of the 
borough of Leominster, an office at the disposal of parliament, and 

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now void by reason of the delinquency of Sir Walter Pye ; and was 
the following day added to a commission whose duty it was to 
consider of the castles, gan*isons, &;g. that are to be razed and made 
untenable. In the last parliamentary struggle between the Presby- 
terians and Independents, which precipitated the catastrophe of the 
king'^s death, and which is known in history as "Pride's purge,'*'' 
unable to quell the storm which he had assisted to raise, Colonel 
Birch was in the number of those leading Presbyterians who were 
seduded and thrown into prison for counselling further overtures to 
the king against the impatient desires of the Independents^ backed 
by the army, for a total subversion of the monarchy. With the 
king''s death the parliamentary career of Colonel John Birch met 
with a temporary interruption, for although re-elected for Weobley 
after the dissolution of the Long Parliament in 1653, he had lost all 
sympathy with the usurper whose ambitious designs were now no 
longer concealed, and but few opportunities occurred for resisting 
them. He had discovered when it was too late that change is not 
always improvement, and that Cromweirs aims were after a power 
even more arbitrary than had been claimed by the deposed and 
murdered king. From a letter addressed by the Qovemor of Here- 
ford to the Lord Protector, dated Hereford, March 17, 1654, we 
ascertain that at this time he was in active opposition to the consti- 
tuted authorities : — " Colonel Birch," he says, " coming hither now 
in the middle of the assizes (the city being very fall of all sorts of 
people) gave out before the judges, as they themselves told me, that 
the present insurrections (Salisbury and the rest) did not consist of 
cavaliers, but a company of silly quakers, with some other disaffected 
persons. He also told me the same, and added further that the 
greatest matter was our own jealousies and fears. Considering this, 
and what we know of his carriage when the Scots were in Wor- 
cester^ and his behaviour of late, I feared such speeches were coals 
cast abroad to kindle divisions among the good people here, and to 
hinder their uniting against the common enemy. I thought it my 
duty for the safety and paace of these parts, and agreeable to your 
former orders, to secure him, which I have done ; and as his sword 

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was taking from bim he (refasing to deliver it) Baid, Though my 
sword is short now it may be long enough within a wkile (the 
sword hanging by his side being a little short sword), and very 
angrily asked me whether I had orders to secure him. I answered, 
If I have not you will question me? He replied^ Yes, that I will. I 
said again, I believe it. So we parted^ and he is in custody. I have 
sent a party to possess his moated house (which I find is very strong 
with drawbridges ; it is also well provided) lest at this time it might 
be surprised and manned against your highness, and be a great 
scourge to this country. I beseech your highness'' speedy order 
concerning this person and his house, whether I shall continue a 
guard there or make it untenable."'^ 

In November 1655, he is found yet a prisoner by Major-General 
Berry, Cromwell's new vice-gerent of the county, who, writing to 
the government^ says : " I met with (as a prisoner here) Colonel 
Birch^ who hath applied himself to me as to a little king that could 
redress every grievance. I confess upon examination of the business, 
though there were some grounds of jealousy, yet I cannot see any 
great reason he should now be kept in restraint. It is true the man 
is popular in these parts, and he loves to be so. He is taken for a 
great wit, and guilty of some honesty, and upon that account able to 
do hurt if he have a mind to it ; but he professeth desire of peace 
and settlement, and saith he is for the same things that we are, but 
could have been glad to have them in another way ; but seeing the 
time is not yet for it, nor we fit for it, he thinks we had better have 
it as it is than make disturbance. And truly I think it were an 
easy matter to gain him if he be worth getting. But, not to trouble 
you with my thoughts, I shall tell you my actions : I have desired 
the governor (whose prisoner he is) to give him liberty to be at his 
own house upon his promise to appear when he shall be called for.'*''^ 

In 1656 he is named {Oldmixon, vol. ii. p. 429) as one of the 
northern conspirators in league with Captain Penruddocke, whose 
unsuccessful efforts to check the growing ambition of Cromwell cost 
him his life. He was returned again for Weobley in the Proteotor^s 

* Thurloe's Staie Papers^ vol. iii. p. 261. « Ibid, toL It. p. 287. 

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third parliament, which assembled in September 1656, but was 
secluded, not being allowed to take his seat because he refused the 
engagement, a fate shared by nearly a quarter of the representatives 
returned by the co.untry. The death of Cromwell in 1 658 having 
opened a way for the restoration of the monarchy, a council of state 
of thirty-one members being appointed, the name of Colonel John 
Birch is of the number, and on the 26th of April he is found with 
his parliamentary associates negociating for the king^s return. The 
month of May 1660 was occupied in preparing instructions for those* 
charged with the delivery of a letter inviting the king ; in preparing 
for his majesty ^s reception ; in drawing up the bill of general pardon, 
indemnity and oblivion : and fpr confirming to the people the privi- 
leges of parliament, Magna Charta and other rights ; in all which 
arrangements Colonel John Birch was conspicuous. Immediately 
after the Restoration he was appointed one of six commissioners for 
disbanding the army and navy, and with this event the more distin- 
guished portion of Colonel Birch'^s career may be said to have closed, 
though not less active or useful in the succeeding years of his public 
life. His name occurs in September 1666, on a committee of the 
House inquiring into the cause of the great fire in London, and on 
the 19th of January following he was deputed by the House to bring 
in a bill for the rebuilding of the city. He continued to represent 
Weobley until his death in 1691. Colonel Birch was twice married, 
his first wife being Alice, daughter of Thomas Deane, citizen of 
Bristol. She died September 10^ 1676^ leaving issue John Birch 
of Ordsal in the county of Lancaster Esquire^ his eldest son, who 
died without male issue; Samuel Birch of Whitboume in the 
county of Hereford Esquire, who married twice, but died s.p. ; 
Thomas and George both died unmarried ; and also three daughters, 
Mary, Elizabeth and Sarah, to the last of whom Colonel Birch 
bequeathed his estates on condition that she should marry her cousin 
John, second son of her uncle the Bev. Thomas Birch. This 
marriage took place, but dying without issue John Birch Esq. was 
succeeded by his brother Samuel, who dying in 1752, also without 
issue, devised his estates to his nephew (the son of his sister Eliza- 


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beth) John Peploe, who in consequence assumed the additional 
name of Birch^ and now represents that branch of the family. By 
his second marriage with Winifred, daughter of Matthew Norris of 
Weobley Esq., Colonel Birch had no issue. 

He was buried in the chancel of Weobley Church, where there is 
a monument to his memory — a full-length figure in armour standing 
beneath a canopy. The monument bears the following inscription : 
^' In hope of resurrection to eternal life. Here is deposited the body 
of Colonel John Birch, descended of a worthy family in Lancashire. 
As the dignities he arrived at in the Field, and the esteem universally 
yielded him in the Senate House exceeded the attainments of most, 
so they were but the moderate and just rewards of his courage, 
conduct, wisdom and fidelity. None who knew him denied him y* 
character of asserting and vindicating y® laws and liberties of his 
country in war and of promoting its welfare and prosperity in peace. 
He was borne y® 7th of September 1626,^ and died a member of the 
honourable House of Commons, being burgess for Weobley, May y* 
10th, 1691." 

The second son of Samuel Birch Gent, (the aforesaid testator) and 
younger brother of Colonel John Birch, was named after his fitther 
Samuel> and was baptised at the Collegiate Church, Manchester, in 
1620-1. From the circumstance that he is named in his father^s 
will without any bequest being assigned to him it is inferred that 
provision had been already made to him during his father^s lifetime. 
He was commonly known as Major Birch, and appears to have 
adopted the profession of arms without reaping many laurels, his 
name and deeds being eclipsed by the reputation of his elder brother. 
His estates lay in Ardwick and Gorton, and at this latter place he 

1 The error before alluded to respecting the date of Colonel John Birch's birth i» 
perpetuated by his monument. In Wood's Athena Oxonienaes, vol. i. p. 118, the 
correct date of his birth (or rather baptism) is given, viz. April 7, 1616. We have 
Wood's authority for stating that in May 1694 the inscription on Colonel Birch's 
monument became a subject for episcopal interference. The bishop, with his attend- 
ants, went to Weobley, and defaced the inscription, " the minister and churchwardens 
thinking some words thereon were not right for the church institution." The colonel's 
nephew, he adds, designs to bring an action against the bishop for de&oing it. 

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was interred in the year 1 693. He died, leaving John Biroh his son 
and successor, who was baptised at Gorton Ghapel in 1652. By his 
will made in 172- John Birch, who describes himself as of Man- 
chester Gentleman, bequeaths his soul to God and his body to be 
buried in such decent sort as his executors shall determine. And as 
touching the disposition of his temporal estate, he gives and bequeaths 
all that his messuage and tenement with appurtenances situate and 
being in Over otherwise Upper and Lower Ardwick in the county 
of Lancaster, containing by common estimation seventeen acres and 
a half, late in the possession of James Goddard, and now or late in 
that of Daniel Woosencroft, and all those two closes of land in Upper 
and Lower Ardwick aforesaid, containing by estimation three acres 
of land, and commonly called by the names of the two Bough Fields, 
and also that other close also situated in Ardwick, commonly called 
the Hollow Meadow, containing two acres of land, to his beloved 
wife Elizabeth for her life, and after her decease to his son Thomas 
Birch and his heirs, subject nevertheless to the charge hereafter 
specified and declared, namely the sum of ^200, to be paid there- 
from to his (testator^s) son George Birch, to be paid within twelve 
months after the decease of Elizabeth^ testator''s wife. He proceeds 
to recite an indenture of settlement bearing date June 4, 1712^ 
whereby with the concurrence of his son Samuel he charges certain 
of his estates with an annuity of £25 to his wife Elizabeth from and 
after his (testator''8) decease. He died in 1728, and was buried 
September 21st at Gorton Chapel^ his funeral sermon being preached 
by his kinsman Samuel [Peploe] Lord Bishop of Chester. Thomas 
Birchj who is styled of Higher Ardwick, merchant, succeeded his 
fitther, sharing, however, the Ardwick estate with his younger 
brother Samuel, who also is styled of Lower Ardwick. In 1 730 he 
rebuilt the manor-house at Ardwick, but died s.p. May 5, 1753. 
His will is dated January 13^ 1746. He therein directs that his 
debts and funeral expenses, &c., be paid, and that his body be 
interred in a decent and Christian manner at the discretion of his 
executors. To' his brother Samuel Birch and Elizabeth his wife he 
gives £25 apiece to buy them mourning with. To his nephew 

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Thomas Birch if 600. To his nephews Samuel and George (sons of 
the said brother Samuel Birch) £400 apiece, to be paid as they shall 
severally reach the age of twenty-one years. To his brother George 
Birch he gives all that and those his messuages, dwelling-houses, 
gardens, &c., in Higher Ardwick, now in the several tenures of 
himself and John Chapman, and which were devised to him by his 
late father John Birch, for and during the term of his natural life ; 
and after his death he devises the same to his esteemed friend and 
partner in trade James Hall and nephew-in-law Thomas Gardner of 
Manchester aforesaid^ chapman, in trust for the heirs of the body of 
his said brother George Birch lawfully issuing ; and in default of 
such issue he gives the said premises, &c.^ to his (testator'^s) said 
nephew Thomas Birch and his heirs ; and in default of such issue to 
his said nephew George Birch ; and in default of such issue to his 
(testator'^s) right heirs. All those his dwelling-houses, closes, &c.^ 
in Higher Ardwick, which were by him lately purchased from 
Worral Millington, he gives to his said brother George Birch and his 
heirs ; and in default of such issue to his (testator's) said nephew 
Samuel Birch and his heirs ; and in default, &c., to his said nephew 
George Birch and his heirs ; and in default, &c., to his said nephew 
Thomas Birch and his heirs ; and in default, &c., to his (testator'^s) 
right heirs for ever. His lands in Droylsden, now in the occupation 
of John Bedfem, he leaves to his brother George Birch and his heirs 
and assigns for ever ; to whom also he gives all that his messuage or 
dwelling-house, warehouses, stables, &c., in Manchester aforesaid, in 
or near a certain street there called Deansgate, and now in testator's 
own possession, and which he holds by lease from the Warden and 
Fellows of Manchester. All that his messuage, &c., in Deansgate, 
now in the holding of Robert Tyrer, he gives to his said nephew 
George Birch and his heirs ; and in default of such issue to his said 
nephews in succession Thomas Birch and Samuel Birch and their 
heirs for ever. He wills that the sum of £300 be put out at interest, 
the proceeds thereof to be paid to his nephew John Walker, son of 
James Walker of Manchester, merchant, for his life, and after his 
death the principal sum to be paid to such child or children as he may 

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leave, in equal portions, to be paid on their severally reaching the 
age of twenty-one years ; but in case his said nephew John Walker 
should die without children which shall attain such age, then he 
bequeaths the said sum of £300 unto such child or children of his 
(Walker^s) late sister Elizabeth Gardner, late wife of the said 
Thomas Gardner, as shall be then living, equally to be divided ; but 
in case there should be no such children then the said sum of ^300 
to be distributed amongst his (testator'^s) next of kin in manner as 
intestate^s personal estate. Also to such child or children of his said 
niece Elizabeth Gardner as shall be hving at his decease, the sum of 
£700, equally to be divided, the share of any child dying to be 
divided amongst the survivors ; and if all die before attaining the 
age of twenty -one then the j£700 to be distributed amongst his next 
of kin in manner aforesaid. To his brother George Birch he gives 
the sum of <f 200 in money, and all his silver plate. To his nephew 
Bobert Jackson .£300, to be paid two years after testator's decease. 
To the aforesaid James Hall ^100. To his sister-in-law Margaret 
Lilly ^200. AH his messuages, &c., which he holds in fee-simple on 
the south-side of a certain street in Chester called Northgate, he be- 
queaths to his sister-in-law Margaret Lilly and her heirs and assigns for 
ever. All his messuages, &c., in the said street which he holds by lease 
from the Dean and Chapter of Chester, he gives to the said Margaret 
Lilly for and during his right and title in the same. He wills that 
within two years after his death the sum of ^200 be put out at 
interest by and in the names of his said brothers Samuel and George 
Sirch, the interest to be for ever continued and applied to the 
instruction and learning of poor children belonging to Higher and 
Lower Ardwick, ^^ to be taught to read perfectly by some sober and 
discreet master and mistress, who shall for the time being reside and 
dwell within Higher or Lower Ardwick aforesaid; and for the 
better preservation and continuing my said intended charity I do 
expressly will and declare that the owner and proprietor for the 
time being of the capital messuage or mansion-house in Lower 
Ardwick aforesaid, now in the possession of my said brother Samuel 
Birch, as also of my messuage or dwelling-house in Higher Ardwick 

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herein before mentioned to be in the possession of myself and John 
Chapman, shall at all times for ever hereafter be the trustees and 
managers thereof; and that the said ^£200 shall in their names only 
from time to time be put out at interest upon personal security only 
for the uses and purposes herein before mentioned.^'^ To each of his 
servants who shall be in his service at the time of his death he gives 
£6 for mourning. To Mary, daughter of James Wood of Manches- 
ter, joiner, £B. All the rest, residue and remainder of his goods^ 
chattels, &c., he gives to his said brother George Birch and the said 
James Hall, equally to be divided, whom he also names as his 

Witnesses, Thomas Clowes, Joseph Allen, Peter Heywood. 

By a codicil to his will, dated March 6, 1748, he revokes the 
several devises of his messuages, &c., named in his will, and he 
hereby gives and devises his said first-mentioned messuages, &c., 
therein mentioned as in the possession of himself and John Chapman, 
to his said nephew Thomas Birch^ his heirs and assigns for ever. 
And as for and concerning the said other messuages^ &c.^ therein 
mentioned as purchased from Worral Millington, he gives and 
devises the same to his said brother George Birch and his assigns for 
the term of his natural life, and from and after his decease he gives 
the same to his said nephew Samuel Birch, his heirs and assigns for 
ever. He revokes the legacy of <f 700 bequeathed in his will to the 
child or children of his late niece Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Gardner, 
and in lieu thereof he gives to such child or children ^400 only. 
Also he gives to his nephew Robert Jackson £500 over and above 
the £iOO given to him in the will. The silver plate bequeathed in 
the will to his brother George Birch, to be confirmed to him, except 

^ This educational bequest has been lost to the school, as will appear from the 
following extract taken from the Digest of Returns on Education for 1818 : — A 
school in Ardwick endowed bj the family of the Birches with £8 per annum, which 
was regularly paid to the clerk of the chapel, but about nine years ago he absoonded, 
after having collected the pew-rents, which, with the £8, he appropriated to his o?m 
use ; since which time the trustees have been in entire ignorance of the manner in 
which the £8 was raised, and the school has been at a very low ebb.'' 

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the two largest silver candlesticks and the waiter, which he hereby 
gives to his said nephew Samuel Birch. To his sister-in-law Mar- 
garet Lilly he gives the usual Aimiture of and belonging to such of 
his bed*rooms as she shall make choice of; and afterwards the like 
furniture of or belonging to any two other of his bed-rooms or 
chambers to his said brother George Birch as he shall think proper. 
By a second codicil, dated April 24, 1753, he revokes the grant 
made in the first codicil of the lands in Higher Ardwick, theretofore 
in the several tenures of himself and John Chapman, and which by 
that codicil were bequeathed to his nephew Thomas Birch and his 
heirs for ever, and by this codicil gives such part of them as yet belongs 
to him to his (testator's) sister-in-law Margaret Lilly for her life, and 
after her death to his nephew Thomas Birch, his heirs and assigns. 
His household furniture he gives to the said Margaret Lilly, and also 
his pew or seat in Ardwick Chapel for her life, and after her decease 
he gives the same to his said nephew, his heirs and assigns. In lieu 
of the interest of <f 300 bequeathed by his will to his nephew John 
Walker, he directs that ^£^100 and no more shall be put out at 
interest for his said nephew^s use, and after his death the principal 
to be distributed as in the will the ^300 was directed to be divided. 
The legacy of £700 bequeathed by the will to the child or children 
of his late niece Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Gardner, which legacy 
by the first codicil was reduced to jP400, is now by this present 
codicil ftirther reduced to £100, to be paid as already directed. He 
revokes the bequest of dE200 given in his will to his sister-in-law 
Margaret Lilly, and instead thereof he gives her JEIOO only. To 
Mary Wood, of Manchester, joiner, he gives £55 in addition to the 
£5 given by his will. He revokes the bequest of the residue of his 
personal estate made in his will to his brother George Birch, and to 
his (testator^s) partner in trade James Hall, whom also he there 
names as his executors, and he bequeaths such residue to his nephew 
Thomas Birch. He substitutes the name of his sister-in-law Mar- 
garet Lilly for that of his brother George Birch, and associates her 
in the trust with the said James Hall. 

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The name of George Birch, a brother of the testator, occurs in 
1740, in the consecration deed of St. Thomas's Chapel, Ardwick, as 
one of the petitioners for the consecration of the chapel ; and in 
1753 he actively employed himself in promoting the rebuilding of 
the chapel at Gorton, presenting in the following year a silver flagon 
for use at the Holy Oommunion. 

Samuel Birch, another brother, resided at Lower Ardwick, and 
was bom in 1690. He was in the commission of the peace for 
Lancashire, and was in 1747 high sheriff of the county. In 1740 
he presented the site for St. Thomas's Chapel, Ardwick, and by the 
consecration deed a vault at the east end of the chapel is reserved to 
himself and to his successors, owners of his capital mansion, the 
manor-house. From the same source we learn that he pledges 
himself to erect a west gallery in the chapel^ the rents of such gallery 
being secured to him until he be reimbursed, the rents afterwards to 
go to the curate. 

He died at Ardwick December 18, 1757, leaving issue by his 
wife Elizabeth Hill, Thomas, his eldest surviving son, of the Inner 
Temple, who died June 8, 1781 B.p. ; Samuel, a major-general in 
the army, who served in the American war as Colonel of Preston's 
Light Dragoons, and died in January 1811; and George, of 
Ardwick, who died in 1794, leaving issue Thomas (died in 1796) 
and Maria (died 1813). 

On the 9th of March 1795, pursuant to a decree in chancery in a 
cause Watson v. Birch, several freehold estates in the township of 
Ardwick and a moiety of a lime-stone quarry, late the property of 
Thomas Birch Esq. deceased, were offered for sale; a purchaser was 
found, but disputes having arisen as to the validity of the sale, the 
estates were directed to be resold, and they finally passed into other 
hands on the Ist of February 1796. 

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Sunael Bireh-Iaabella, 

of Ardwiek, ' 

G«nt, eom- 
monly called 
Major Birch. 
Ch. Feb. 18, 
1«0-1. Bnr. 
at Gorton 

Chapel Joly 

Bnr. at 
Coll. Gh. 

John Biich. Winifted,JL John Birebth Birch. 

BaptatColl. dan. of eldeat anrrit Coll. 

Ch. Oet tf, Matthew faur son, ofk. 6, 164S. 

and bnr. there NorrUof Whitbonnir Antro- 
Dee. 19, 1614. W^eobley, eo. HerefoiRoetheme, 

CO. Here- Colonel in tster, Gent, 
ford. Died Parliament - 
inl717,8.p. ary Forces | 

and M.P. fanfant. Died at 

Weobley. Samnel Birch's 

Bapt at Cordwlok , and bnr. 

Ch. April 7;oll. Oh. Not. 7, 

1616- Died. 

May 10, ie» 

Ezecntor or 

Sarah Birch. 
Bapt at Coll. Ch. 
April 85. 1631. 
Marr. there June 
23, 1662, to Ed- 
ward Radcliffe of 
Radcllffe, Qent 

Sarah Radcllffe. 
Bapt at Coll. Ch. 
June 19, 1653. 

Mary ] 

Bapt at Gor- 
ton Chapel 
Feb. 18. 
1641-42. Bnr. 
there April 

Bliabeth,-John Birch- 
dan, of of Ardwick, 
Gent Apt 
at Gorton 
Chapel May 
6.1662. Bur. 
there Sept 
21, 1728. 

hLBfather-aroi Birch. 

will. 1^ Hamp- 




Bnr. at 
Nor. 19, 

Sarah Birch. 
Bapt at Gor- 
ton Chapel 
Jan. 20, 1640- 

AUce Birch. 

Marr. to Marr. to 

Mind, Esq. Hope, Esq. 


Mary Birch. 
Died unmar- 
ried. Will 
dated Oct. 

Mary Birch. 
Ch. April 27, 
1677. Bur. 
there Feb. 20, 

r. at 

Mary Birch. 
bonme Not. 10, 
1661, to George 
Karrerof Butt 
House, CO. He- 
reford, Esq. 
Dead Maren 16, 

Elisabeth Birch 
Marr. at Whit- 
bourne May 12, 
1670, to Rah)h 
Bucknall of Lon- 
don, Esq., and 
had issue two 

Sarah Birch. 
Heiress of Gam- 
stone. Marr. 
her cousin John 
Birch, Esq., 2nd 
son of her uncle 
the Rot. Thomas 
Birch. Died in 
1702, s.p. 

Elisabeth Birch. 
Bapt. at Gorton 
Chapel April 16, 

John Birch. 
Bapt at Gorton 
Chapel Dec. 20, 
1687. Bnr.there 
Jan. 16, 1700-1. 

Thomas Birch of Higher H 
merchant, son and heir. 

Elena, dan. of who 1 

at CoIL Oh. June 6. 1736. I 
is dated Jan. 18, 1746. Di4 
6, 1763, ap. 

Samnel Birch. 
Bapt at Gorton 
Chapel April 20, 
his godfather 
being Samuel 
Lord Bishop of 
Chester. Bnr. 
at Gorton Not. 
27, 1780. 

John Birch. 
Bapt at Gor- 
ton Chapel 
June 28, 1732. 
Bur. there 
Aug. 16, 1740. 


Died at Garstang, 

and bur. in St. Thomas' 
Chapel, Ardwick. Manches- 
ter, in April 1770. 

Maria Birch. 
Died in 1813. 

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On the east side of the township, near to its junction with Newton 
and Gorton, ib an estate called Slade, or more anciently^ Milkwall- 
slade. The name Slade signifies in the Anglo-Saxon a plain or open 
tract of land, a term sufficiently descriptive of its true character ; but 
the meaning of its earlier designation Milkwallslade it is more 
difficult to conjecture. 

Michewall Diche is given in 1484 as one of the boundaries of 
certain lands in Birch, conveyed by William Birch to his son 
Robert; and the proximity of the Nico or Nicker Ditcu which 
forms the southern boundary of the Slade Hall estate suggests that 
these may both be modifications of the same word ; its etymology, 
however, has not yet been decided. 

The first proprietors of whom we know anything were the family 
of Manchester, whose association with the township we have already 
seen. By a deed undated but executed about the year 1270, 
Thomas, son of Geofirey, son of Luke de Manchester, confirmed to 
his brother Jordan certain lands in Didisford and Milkewalleslade, 
being the same lands which Geoffrey his father had given him, 
together with one acre of meadow in Banereris, and all the land his 
father held in Akedone. This deed was witnessed by Geoffrey, 
Dean of Manchester ; Ad [or W"*] de Hulton, Matthew de Birch, 
William le Norreis, Robert son of Symon de Manchester, Richard 
de Honeford, William de Didisb'y and John the Clerk. 

In the 23 Edward III (1349) the estate is found vested in Robert 
de Milkewallslade, who being in all probability a member of the 
family of Manchester, had taken the name of Milkewallslade from 
the place of his abode, as was customary in those early times. He 
may possibly have been a son or grandson of Jordan de Manchester, 
the last recorded proprietor. He married Ellen or Elena, daughter 
of Robert del Piatt of Piatt within Rusholme, and had issue Robert 
his heir and a younger son named John. 

In 1349 Robert de Milkwallslade the elder settled his estates, 
limiting them to himself for his life, and after his decease to his 
elder son Robert and his lawful heirs, with remainder in case of 


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failing issue to John his younger son, with further remainder in a 
like contingency to the right heirs of himself and Elena his wife. 

In the reign of Elizabeth the name of the estate was abbreviated into 
Slade, and the names of the owners also suffered a similar abridgment. 
Slade Hall, though still in possession of the family, had ceased to be 
their residence, a lease of the premises having been made to Richard 
Siddall of Manchester, yeoman, which was afterwards renewed to 
Edward Siddall his son. Meanwhile the Slades had retired to an 
estate in Staffordshire. An indenture made the 20th of April in the 
19 Elizabeth (1577) between Bauffe Slade of Breerehurst in the 
county of Stafford Gent, on the one part^ and Roger Greene alder- 
man of Congleton in the county of Chester on the other part, 
witnesseth that these parties in consideration of a marriage hereafter 
to be had between Thomas Slade, son and heir apparent of the said 
Ralph, and Marie Bellotte^ daughter of Robert Bellotte late of 
Moreton in the county of Chester Gent, deceased, agree that Rauffe 
Slade doth covenant and grant with Roger Greene, &c., by these 
presents that the said Thomas Slade shall, by Gt>d's permission and 
sufferance, before the feast of Holy Pentecost next, marry the said 
Marie Bellotte if she will be ready, consent and agree, and the laws 
of holy church on her part will it permit and suffer, &o. [a like 
covenant here following by Roger Greene for Marie Bellotte]. 
Ralph Slade then proceeds to covenant that before such marriage he 
will convey to John Lawton of Lawton in the county of Chester 
Esq., Philippe Bellotte of Moreton Gent., and Richard Podmore 
and Richard Whelocke of the parish of Wolstanton in the county of 
Stafford, yeomen, one certain messuage, &c., called Milkwalleslade, 
and all lands, &c.^ thereto belonging, with the yearly rent of 26s. 8d. 
situate and being in Withington in the coimty of Lancaster, and 
now or late in the tenure and occupation of Edward Syddall, to the 
following uses: — To the use of the said Ralph Slade for his life, 
afterwards to that of the said Thomas Slade and the lawful heirs of 
him and the said Marie Bellotte ; in default of such issue to the 
lawful issue of Thomas Slade ; in default of such to the right heirs 
of Ralph Slade for ever, free from all former grants, jointures^ 

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dowers, &c. ; the lawful dower of Jone Norst, wife of the said 
Balph, and one lease of the said messaage, lands, &;c., to the said 
Edward Syddall for the term of forty-two years (of which thirty are 
unexpired), and whereon is reserved the yearly rent of 26s. 8d. payable 
to the said Balph, &c., always excepted. Ralph Slade further covenants 
that before the next court to be holden at Thurstfield within the manor 
of Tunstall in the county of Stafford, he will surrender, according to 
the custom of the manor, one capital messuage^ &c., at Brerehurst, 
wherein the said Ralph doth now dwell, and twenty-seven acres of 
land, &c., into the hands of Geoffrey Rowley of Wedgewood and the 
said Richard Podmore, two customary tenants of the said manor, to 
the end that they should present the same at the said court after 
the solemnization of the said marriage, before the steward, &c«, to 
the use of the said Thomas Slade and his heirs male by the said 
Marie Bellotte [&c. &c. as before] on condition that Thomas Blade 
at the said court, after his marriage and immediately after the 
surrendering of the premises aforesaid to his use, make a petit estate 
or surrender, according to the custom of the manor, to the said 
Ralph and Jone his wife, of two parts of the said messuage and of 
two parts of all buildings thereto belonging, and of eighteen acres of 
the said twenty-seven acres to the use of the said Ralph and Jone 
his wife^ during their lives, they yielding and paying two parts of all 
rents, &;c., due and payable for the said two parts during their 
occupation. Upon condition also that the said Thomas^ at the said 
court, after solemnization of the marriage, make a good and lawiul 
estate by surrender or otherwise, according to the custom of the 
manor, to the said Marie Bellotte, of the third part of the said 
messuage and buildings and of nine acres of the customary lands, 
residue of the said twenty-seven acres, to Marie Bellotte for her life, 
with remainder to the said Thomas Slade and his heirs male. 
Provided the said Thomas and Marie shall inhabit and dwell toge- 
ther with the said Ralph and Jone at the said capital messuage, and 
do the work and labour of the said Ralph and Jone, so long as they 
can agree together, Ralph and Jone finding to Thomas and Marie 
and their children meat, drink, clothing and all other things 

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necessary, meet and convenient for living ; and if they cannot agree 
together then Thomas and Marie to have the said nine acres of 
customary lands with the third part of the said capital messuage, 
&c., during the life of Ralph and Jone, with remainder to Thomas 
and Marie as aforesaid. In consideration of which covenants, &c., 
the said Roger Greene doth covenant to pay Ralph Slade at or 
before the solemnization of the marriage £40 as the proper goods, 
filial portion or child's part of goods of the said Marie. Ralph Slade 
consents to be bounden in his "escripte obligatory''^ bearing date 
' with these presents, to the said Roger Greene in the sum of J?200. 
In witness whereof^ &c. 

The date of the first association of the family of Siddall with the 
Slade Hall estate was antecedent to the year 1565, which time ac- 
cords with the above recited indenture. Edward, son of Richard 
Siddall of Withington yeoman, obtained a lease of the premises for 
a term of forty-two years. There had been an earlier lease of the 
premises to Richard Siddall, the father, who resided at Slade Hall 
in 1558, as his will testifies : — 

Will Op Richard Siddall. 

In the name of God amen. The 22 daye of May in the yere of o' 
lord God a mccccclviij*^. I Ric SeduU of Withington in the countie 
of Lancast yoman, beyng at this p^sent somthinge deceasid but thankes 
unto God of sounde and pYect memorie, and cosidering y^ death to 
every man is most c'teine and the hower and tyme to all men most 
unc'teine ; willing therefore by the help of God to make all thinkes 
in pYect redines in such ma8 and sorte as shalbe to y« glory of GtKi 
and c5fart of my wife and children, do ordeine and make this my 
testamet wherein is contained the efiecte of my last will, in maS 
and forme following : Y^ is to saye ffirste and principally I offer, 
geve and bequeth my soule to Almightie God my maker and redem'^ 
trusting y^ by the merits of Ghristes passion and bloode sheding to 
be one of that number that shalbe elect and chosen into ePlastinge 
glorie ; and my bodie to be buryed in the p'ishe church of Machester 
or where it shall please God to appoynt. Also c5G''nyng y^ dis- 
poeicon of all and singuler my lands, tacke and tenemcts it is my 

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Will and mynd y^ the same shalbe and remene in manl and forme 
thereaft' named and mecioned, y^ is to saie it is my will and mynd 
and also I do assigne and geve all and evy my p'te and porcion of 
all and singuler y« lands and tenemets w* y® app'^tenances now lying 
and beyng in Keyrsall w<^ latly I bought and p^rcbasid, as by 
writings thereof made more at larg' may appere^ to Edward Sidall 
my eldiste sonne and to his heres male of his bodie laMrAilly begotten, 
and for default of such issue y^' same to come and remene unto 
Thomas Sidall my sone and to his heirs male of his bodie lawfully 
begotten ; and for default of such issue y® same to com and remene 
and be to my right heires for evr. Also 1 doe assigne and geve y® 
shope w«^ I have in the M^keth strete w*** th' appetences w<^ I latly 
purchasid^ to Edward Sidall my sone aforesaid and to his heires 
male of his bodie lawfully begotten ; and for default of such issue y 
same to remene and come to Thomas Sidall my yongest sone afore- 
said and to his heres male of his bodie lawfully begotten ; and for 
default of suche issue y® same to remene and come to my right heres 
for evr ; forseying alwayes, and it is my will and mynd y* EUysabeth 
now my wife shall have, hold, enioye and occupie y same shope 
duryng her naturall life if she kepe her sole and unmaried ; and if 
she do mVeye then this my legacie of y® said shoppe to be voyd unto 
her, any thinke before metioned to y® cdtrarie made in any wise 
notw^^tandinge. Also it is my will and mynde and also I do 
assigne and appoynte y® house meas'e or teiit w«^ I now dwell in 
w*^ th' app'rtenances (called y® Mylkewall Slade) to Edward my 
sone, duryng suche terme as 1 have in aft' y® decease of Elizbeth my 
wife forsaid unto whom I assigne y^ same meas'e and tent duryng 
the lif naturall of y« said Elisabeth, toward the brynging upp of my 
children, if she kepe her sole and unmaried, or els not. Also I do 
assigne and geve unto my yongest soiie Thomas Sidall above said, all 
and evy my lands and tenem'ts w<^^ I latly purchasid in Moston w*^ 
th** appHences and to his heres male of his bodie lawfully begotten ; 
and for default of such issue to c5 and remene to Edward Sidall my 
sone and his heres male of his bodie lawfully begotten; and for 
default of such issue y® rcmander y^of to come to my right heres for evr. 

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Also I do assigao and bequeth by y® cosent and assent of Edward my 
Boiie all and singular y^ my meas'e and tenem^ lyeing and beyng at 
Diddisbury w*** th' appetences and e9y p'te and p'cell y'of ymediately 
aft'f y« decease of Elisab} my wife whoe it is my mynd and will y* 
she have the same duryng her life if she kepe her soule and unmaried, 
and if she m>ye then y® saide Thom'*s Sidall to have y® same 
ymediately aft' she doth mVye if my lease and terme in the same so 
long continewe. Also it is my will and mynd and I do assigne, 
name and appoynte y^ Elisabeth, now my wife, shall have, occupie 
and enioye one close or p^cell of ground caled y^ M^led Yearth lyeing 
and beyng in the Houghe durynge her life, if she kepe her sole and 
uiimaryed^ if my lease or graunt y'of so long continewe, the rev'^cion 
whereof shall come and remene ymediatly aft' my [her] deceass or 
mariag unto Edward Sidall my said sone durydg my terme and . . . 
in y® same to his heres or assignes. Also it is my will and mynd y^ 
Edward Sidall my sone according to his former p^myse shall and 
will w%ut coneng, craft or gile make or cause to be made a sure and 
lawful! surrend' and assuranc^ in the lawe, such as shall or may be 
lawfull devised or advised by his counsell of in or apon one mease or 
tent in Diddisbury aforesaid, to have and to hould y^ said mease or 
tent to y^ said Elizabeth durjmg her life or untill she do mVy and 
aft' her life or m'ryage to Thomas my soiie and his assignes duryng 
all such tyme and terme as he the said Edward hath in the same or 
thereaft' may have by reason or occasion of any form' graunt or lease 
before made when it shall or maye be hereaft' lawfully demanded or 
required by the said Thorn's or his assignes. And if the said Edward 
Sidall my soiie do refuse, or desire thus to do, then these my legacies 
aud the benefitts before written and evy of them to be utterly voyd 
and of none effect to the said Edward, eny thing before written and 
mencioned to y® cotrarie made in any wise notw^^standing. And 
cocernyng y® dispocioon of all and singuler goods and catteles it is 
my will and mynd y* the same aft' my fourth brynging and funerall 
expencies discharged shalbe devidid in to thre ptes, y^ is to saie one 
pte unto my self, an oth' pte unto my poro children and y® thrid and 
and last pte unto my wife, aceordinge to y^ lawe. Of w<^^ my pte of 

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goods it is my will and mynd y^ Edward my sone have vj^^ xiij> iiij<i ; 
also I do geve and bequeth unto Anne my dought' ov' and beside 
hir child pte and porcion of goodes dae unto her xK Also I geve 
and bequeth to my sone Edward my best Jacked^ my chamlet 
dublet, my hat, and my heng'; also I geve and dispose y* rest of 
myne app'rell not bequethed, to Them's my sone w^ my second 

henger and my Also I geve and bequeth to .... v". Also 

it is my will and mynd y* the rest of my pte of goods and catteles 
not bequethed and disposid shalbe devided betwixt my wife and 
children hereaft' named equally, y^ is to saye Edward, Alis, Eliza- 
beth, G^enet, Anne and Ellin. Also it is my will and mynd y^ if it 
happen, as God defend yS any of my said children^ eth' my wife or 
any of them, do denye or refuse to stand to this my true and last 
will in man' and forme aforesaid, then he or she and they or any of 
them so denyeing or refiiseing shall have no benefite, gayne nor 
advantage of any legacie so before to him or hir and theme geven so 
denying or refusing, and the pte of them so denyeing to be equally 
decided amongest the rest of those w<^ are content and pleasid, any 
thing mencond or wryten to the contrarie notw^standinge. Also I 
order, constitute and make Elisabeth my wife, Edward Sidall and 
Thom'^s Sidall my sonnes, my true and lawiuU exeout'^ to execute, 
pYorme, accomplishe and fulfill this my testamet and last will in 
man' and forme aforesaid according to the true intent, menyng, 
p'port and effecte y'of. And also I roost hartely require my most 
trustie and loving frendes Thomas Birch Gent., Wittm Sidall and 
John P'cevall yomen, to be y« supVisors of this my last will and 
testamet, to see the same accomplishid and fulfillid in man' and 
forme aforesaide, these beyng witeneses and p'sent, Thomas Birch 
G^ent., Bandull Eenyon and John Glover y« writer hereof, with 

Proved at Chester. 

His inventory amounted to £249 5s. 3d. 

The third part of the lands of Kersal referred to in his will were 
purchased by testator in the year 1548 from Balph Eenyon of 
Gorton, to whom a conveyance had been made of the entire manor 

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by Ralph Sacbeverell and Philippa his wife under the authority of 
letters patent da^ed July 20, 2 Edward VI. They had until 
recently formed part of the possessions of the Priory of Lenton in 
the county of Nottingham, but had been confiscated to the crown on 
the suppression of monasteries in the reign of Henry VIII. 

In 1565 a renewal of the lease of Slade Hall was granted to 
Edward Siddall, and before the time specified therein had expired 
the first step was taken by the lessee for the absolute purchase of the 
estate. The several parties possessing an interest in the lands of 
Slade weroy as we have already seen, Ralph Slade, to whom they 
were secured for his life, and Thomas Slade his son, to whom the 
reversion and remainder had been conveyed. By indenture dated 
the 7th of June 22 Elizabeth (1580) Edward Siddall agreed to 
purchase the reversion from Thomas Slade, and on the 9£h of June 
26 Elizabeth (1584) the estate was absolutely conveyed to Edward 
Siddall by Ralph Slade and Joane his wife. The following is an 
abstract of the deed of conveyance : — 

This indenture dated the 9th of June 26 Elizabeth (1 584) between 
Raphe Slade of Brerehurst in the county of Stafford Qent. and Joane 
his now wife upon the one part, and Edward Siddall of Withington 
in the county of Lancaster upon the other part, witnesseth that the 
said Raphe and Joane for the consideration of d&lO to them paid 
before sealing, by the said Edward Syddall, have given, granted 
to the said Edward Syddall, &c., all their right, estate, title, &c., 
which they or either of them now have of in or to that messuage 
with the appurtenances called Milkewalleslade in Withington, and 
the buildings, orchards, gardens, &c., thereto belonging, and of and 
in the reversion of the said premises, &c., to have and to hold the 
said messuage, &c., to the sole and proper use of the said Edwaird 
Syddall, &c., for ever. 

Edward Siddall, after completing the purchase, rebuilt the house 
the following year in its present form, and dying February 18, 1588, 
was succeeded by his son George, who was then twenty-five years of 


The inquisition post mortem of Edward Siddall was taken at 

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Bolton the 23rd of September 30 Elizabeth (1588). It is as 
follows : — 

Indented inquisition taken at Bolton 23rd of September 30 Eliza- 
beth, before Thomas Hesketh Esquire, esoheator of our Lady the 
Queen in the said county by virtue of a writ of the Queen ^' de diem 
elausit eztremum^ to him directed, after the death of Edward 
Syddall late of Slade in the said county, in the said writ named, on 
the oaths of Peter Heywood G^ent., Alexander Leyver G^ent., 
Richard Leighe Gent., Richard Scocroft Gent., Ralph Greene Gent., 
Richard Wood Gent., Ralph Haughton Gent., Henry Hardy Gent., 
Robert Hardy Gent., Ralph Bridge G^nt., George Allonson Gent., 
Goorge Eenyon G«nt., Thomas Eaye Gent.^ Robert Ravalde Gent., 
Henry Ghetham Gout., William Bamford Gent., and Robert But- 
terworth Gent., who say on their oaths that on the day before the 
death of the said Edward Syddall, &c., the said Edward Syddall was 
seised in his demesne as of fee, of and in one capital messuage or 
tenement called the Milkewall Slade with the appurtenances, and of 
and in certain closes of land containing by estimation twenty-four 
acres situate, &c., in Rusholme and Withington, &c. ; also of and 
in certain other closes and meadows with their appurtenances con- 
taining by estimation twenty acres of land, in Gorton, &c. ; also of 
and in one burgage or tenement and one shop with appurtenances 
situate, &c., in Manchester; and also of and in the third part of the 
manor of Eerksawe otherwise called Eerksall with the appurte- 
nances; and of and in one burgage or tenement, two cottages, the 
third part of a water-mill, the third part of one other cottage and 
three acres of land ; and of and in the third part of one other cottage 
and one garden ; and of and in forty acres of land, ten acres of 
meadow, thirty acres of pasture, four acres of wood, and the third 
part of a certain waste whether called by the name o£ Eersall Wood 
or Eersall Moor situate, &c., in Eersawe alias Eersall aforesaid; 
and of a certain free rent of twelve pence yearly, payable out of 
certain lands and tenements called Lees in the parish of Oldham, 
&c., and parcel of the said manor of Eersall ; and of a certain other 
free rent of three shillings and four pence yearly, payable by a 

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certain Robert Hobson as parcel of the said manor of Eeksall ; and 
of a certain other freehold rent of five pence yearly, payable by 
Agnes Lees, a parcel of the said manor of Eerksall. And the said 
Edward Syddall of the said manors, messuages, lands, &o., by a 
certain indented writing of his, gave and granted all and singular the 
said manors, &c., and premises in the said indented deed named, to 
the use of the said Edward Syddall for the term of his life, and after 
his decease to the use of Elizabeth Syddall the then wife of the said 
Edward, and to Greorge Syddall their son, and heir apparent of the 
said Edward Syddall in the said writ named, and the lawful heirs of 
the said George ; and filing all issue, then to the use and benefit of 
Thomas Syddall^ younger son of the same Edward Syddall in the 
said writ named, and his heirs male, &c. ; and in default thereof to 
the right heirs of Edward Syddall in the said writ named, for ever. 
In virtue whereof and in pursuance of a certain act in the parliament 
of our Lord Henry VIll., late King of England, and in the twenty- 
seventh year of his reign^ " For transferring of uses in possession^ 
made and provided, the same Elizabeth and Greorge, after the death 
of the said Edward, were seised of all and singular the said manors, 
messuages, lands, &c., namely the said Elizabeth in her demesne as 
of fee tenement for the term of her life, and the said George in his 
demesne as of like fee. And the said jarors Airther say on their 
oaths that the said Edward Syddall, &c., then so seised of all and 
singular the said manors, messuages, lands^ &c., in all and singular 
the premises, died seised of such estate at MilkwaUslade aforesaid, 
the 18th of February in the thirtieth year of the reign of our Lady 
the Queen ; and that the said George Syddall is son and next heir 
of the same Edward, and is aged at the time of the taking of this 
inquisition twenty-five years and more. And further the jurors^ &o., 
say that the said messuage or tenement called Milkwall Slade and 
the rest of the premises in Biseholme and Withington aforesaid are 
worth yearly in all outgoings clear of deductions twenty-six shillings 
and eightpence ; and that the said lands and tenements in Gt>rton 
aforesaid are worth yearly in all outgoings clear of deductions 
sixteen shillings ; and that the said burgage and shop in Manchester 

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aforesaid ifl worth yearly in all sixpence ; and that the said third 
part of the manor of Eirkshawe or Eerksall aforesaid is worth 
yearly in all outgoinf];s clear of deductions <f 4. And further the 
jurors, &C.9 say that the said messuage or tenement called Milkwall 
Slade of the said lands or tenements in Biseholme and Withington 
aforesaid, are held and at the time of the death of the said Edward 
Syddall, &c., were held of Nicholas Langford Esquire by fealty, and 
paid two shillings and sixpence yearly for all services and demands 
whatsoever; and that the said lands and tenements in Gh>rton afore- 
said and the said burgage and shop in Manchester aforesaid are held 
at the time of the death of the said Edward Syddall were held of 
John Lacy Esquire^ lord of Manchester^ by fealty as well as by all 
services, &c. ; and that the said third part of the manor of Eerksawe 
otherwise Eerksall, and the rest of the premises in Eerksawe afore- 
said are held at the time of the death of Edward Syddall, &c., were 
held of the said lady the Queen that now is, in capite, namely by 
the twelfth part of one knight's fee. And further the said jurors, 
&c., say tl^t the said Edward Syddall had no other or more 
manors, lands or tenements on the day of his death, had or held in 
demesne at by service, as far as the said jurors in any way could 
ascertain. In testimony whereof to one part of this inquisition the 
said escheator as well as the said jurors have set their seals, and to 
the other part of the said inquisition which remains in the custody 
of the said jurors the said escheator has set his seal the day and year 
first above written. 

George Siddall succeeded to the Slade Hall estate, as already 
intimated, on the death of his father in 1588, being at that time 
twenty-five years of age. He married Frances Eay, who if not 
herself a native of Yorkshire^ was connected by ties of affinity with 
Sichard Eay, of Dodworth^ in that county. He appears to have 
conveyed his lands in Eersal to his son Oeorge Siddall. He died 
November 14, 1616. His inquisition p.m. taken at Bolton Decem- 
ber 20 in that year, makes no reference to his Eersal property, which 
had already been transferred to his son. He died seised of Slade 
Hall and twenty-four acres of land, of twenty acres of land in 
Oorton, and of a burgage, tenement or shop in Manchester. 

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George Siddall^ bis son and heir, was in his twenty-ninth year 
when he succeeded his father in the family inheritance in 1616. By 
a deed executed in his father^s life time, dated March 22, 1613, he 
conveyed a part of his lands in Kersal to George Kenyon G^nt., for 
the consideration of ^150. They are described as two closes in 
Eersal called the Bound Meadow and the Little Bed Stone, and 
four acres of Eersal moore or Eersal wood, '^ to bee taken out of the 
parte belonging and which of right ought to belong to me George 
Siddall, in commune or upon dyrision^ partition, improvement or 
inclosure of y* said moore.'^ The greater portion, however, of the 
estate was transferred by the said George and Katharine his wife 
immediately after his father''s death. By indenture dated November 
2, 1616, George Siddall and Eatharine his wife, in consideration of 
the sum of ^365, grant, bargain, sell and confirm to William 
Leaver, of Darcy Leaver, all and singular the messuages, lands, ftc, 
as follows, namely, all that messuage and tenement situate in Eersal, 
now or late in the tenure or occupation of John Aston, and all that 
other messuage in Eersal, in the occupation of Abraham Seddon ; 
also one fall third part of the messuage in Eersal, in the occupation 
of William Digle, and also one third part of the water corn mill in 
Eersal, commonly called Eersal Mylne, now in the tenure of 
Bichard Holland Esq. ; also all that and those the bam, stable and 
shippon in Eersal aforesaid, now or late in the tenure or occupation 
of the said George Siddall and of Adam Gartside, of Prestwich, 
yeoman ; together with a bay of building in 'Eersal aforesaid at the 
end of the shippon, now or late in the tenure of George Eenyon 
Gent. ; also all those closes, &e., in Eersal, namely, the Oakes, now 
or late in the tenure of George Siddall and George Eenyon ; the 
Barn Fields now in the tenure of George Eenyon ; the two Thistle 
Fields, the Horse Hey, the Warthe, the Bottoms Wood Field, and 
the Bottoms Wood, now or late in the tenure of the said Adam 
Gartside ; together with a third part of the close lying in Keraal 
aforesaid, commonly known as the Meane Field; and also all the 
part, purpartie and porcon of the said George Siddall of and in that 
comon or moore in Eersal aforesaid, commonly known by the name 

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of Eersal moore or Eersal wood ; and all that rent of three Bhillings 
and four pencie issuing out of that messuage in Awdwynshawe in 
the county of Lancaster, now or late in the tenure of Raphe Hobson 

In addition to this transfer of the Eersal estate George Siddall, 
who must be regarded as the spendthrift of the family, alienated in 
1627 to John Beswick of Manchester chapman and his heirs for 
ever, two closes of land in Grindlow Marsh within Gorton^ in extent 
five acres, and known by the respective names of the Two Acres and 
the GuUenfield. The purchase money paid was £40. 

On the 25th August 1629 he grants a seven years^ lease of his 
'* capital messuage called Milkwall Slade or Slade^^ to John Einsey, 
of Blackden in Goosetree in the county of Chester Gent., in consi- 
deration of the payment by John Einsey of the sum of •^160 ; the 
lease included also all lands belonging to the said George Siddall in 
Withington^ Gorton and Grindlowe^ &;c.^ and at the termination of 
the seven years specified the lease was renewed for the further period 
of forty years, to commence from the death of Eatharine, wife of 
George Siddall. Mr. Einsey had married, the month preceding the 
date of the first lease, Anne, daughter of George Birch of Birch 
Gent., and sister of the afterwards celebrated Colonel Thomas 
Birch M.P. 

In 1664 Mr. Siddall was summoned to appear before Sir William 
Dugdale, Norroy Eing of Arms, when holding his Visitation of the 
county of Lancaster, to register his descent and justify his title of 
gentleman or esquire, and his right to bear such coat of arms and 
crest as he usually bears. Mr. Siddall was at this time residing in 
Birchall houses in Busholme, his own estate being under lease to 
Mr. Einsey. It does not appear that the &mily of Siddall was 
heraldic. He died at an advanced age, and probably outlived his 
son Thomas, John, eldest son of Thomas Siddall^ being declared 
executor under the will of his grandfather. 

There is nothing in the later descent of the family to call for 
special notice ; the line of succession has continued unbroken to the 
present time. It is now vested in John Siddall Gent., who has 

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ceased to reside at the hall, and is living abroad. He is married, 
and has male issue. 

Slade Hall is situated a few yards to the west of the London and 
North Western line of railway. Though some parts of the house 
have been modernised, and considerable alterations have from time 
to time been made in the internal arrangements^ it still retains suffi- 
cient traces of its former self to render it deserving the notice of the 
antiquary. It appears to have been erected about the middle of 
the sixteenth century, a supposition which is borne out by the date 
1585 and the letters E. S. and O. S. corresponding with the initials 
of Edward Siddall, the purchaser of the estate, and George Siddall, 
his son and successor, which appear over the principal doorway, 
and exhibits the general features and characteristics common to the 
timber houses of that period. The structure is in the form of a 
parallelogram^ with two gables of unequal size projecting from the 
north or principal front. The building is constructed almost entirely 
of wood, a stone foundation supporting the massive oak timbers 
which form the framework, the latter connected by horizontal wall- 
pieces of the same material, carried along the face of the building, 
these being firmly bolted to the upright posts, and receiving addi- 
tional strength from diagonal bracing ribs, the intervening spaces 
being filled with a plaster of clay and rushes, and whitened on the 
surface. The windows are square, exhibiting a number of lights 
divided by substantial timber mullions, and crossed by a transom of 
the same material. The house is of two stories, the upper story 
projecting a little beyond the lower, and the roof overhanging this 
again, a peculiarity frequently met with in buildings of this class ; 
the several gables have barge-boards, simple in character, and ter- 
minated by hip-knobs, slightly ornamented. 

The interior presents little to call for attention, if we except some 
of the upper rooms, where some ornamental plaster- work of very fiur 
execution still remains in a tolerable state of preservation. In a 
room on the north side of the house the ceiling is embellished in 
stucco-work, and on one of the walls are three heraldic shields. The 
centre one, encircled by a garter, and surmounted by the letters 

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E. B., bears the anns of Queen Elizabeth, in whose reign the hall 
was built: Quarterly Ist and 4th^ az. three fleurs-de-lis or for 
France; 2nd and 3rd, gules three lions passant, guardant or for 
England. Supporters: Dexter, a lion rampant^ guardant and 
crowned or. Sinister : A dragon gules. To the left of this shield 
is another, divided into eleven quarterings, containing the arms of 
the Stanley family and their alliances, the first five quarters of which 
are Ist, arg. on a bend az. three bucks^ heads^ caboshed or, for 
Stanley ; 2nd, or on a chief indented az. three plates, for Lathom ; 
3rd| gu. three legs conjoined in the fesse point, in armour ppr. 
garnished and spurred or^ for Isle of Man ; 4th, chequy or and az. 
for Warren ; 5th, gu. two lions passant arg. for Strange. Supporters : 
Dexter, a griffin. Sinister : a buck, both or and ducally collared and 
chained az. This shield is surrounded by a garter, and over it are 
the letters E. D., the initials of Edward Earl of Derby, who died in 
1572, so celebrated by Camden for his magnificence and liberality. 
To the right of the centre coat of arms is another shield of eleven 
quarterings, which cannot be identified, a coronet and supporters 
denoting it to be that of a peer. Above the shield are the. letters 
E. S. On another wall is depicted a hunting scene with stag and 
dogs in plaster-work, somewhat rude in execution ; and near it an 
eagle with wings endorsed, preying upon an infant in its cradle, the 
crest of the Stanley family. 

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Birch Chapel, dedicated to St. James^ was erected hj the Birch 
family, and coosecrated in the reign of Elizabeth. Dr. Hibbert 
Ware conjectures that it was built sometime between the years 1558 
and 1573, but we have it on Bishop Oastrell's authority that it was 
consecrated by his predecessor Dr. Ghaderton, whose episcopate 
commenced in 1579 and terminated in 1595; and in confirmation 
of this we find that in 1573, when injunctions were given by the 
Archbishop of York to the Warden of Manchester, exhorting him 
and the Fellows to diligent and constant preaching every Sunday 
in the Church of Manchester or in one of the chapels of ease con- 
nected with it^ Birch Chapel is not included, whilst the chapels of 
Stretford, Chorlton, Didsbury, Gorton, Denton, Newton and Black- 
ley are all named.^ Like most of the other chapels in the parish of 
Manchester its early use was doubtless limited to the family on 
whose estate it was erected, and their immediate dependents^ after- 
wards extending its influence as the surrounding population increased 
and possessing a more public character. At first it was wholly 
unendowed ; the income of the officiating minister arising exclusively 
from the voluntary contributions of the inhabitants of Rusholme and 
its neighbourhood, and these being at all times precarious, the chapel 
was firequently left without ministerial superintendence. Such was 
the case in 1598, as we learn from the Visitation returns of that 
year, — ^' Birche chapel in Busholme latelie erected and now voyd 
of a curate.**^ In 1636 Mr. Bentley's income from the chapel- wage, 
as this contribution was termed, amounted to £17 2s. 7d. It was 
in 1640 that a subscription was first commenced for the purchase 
of land, ''to bee laid to the Birch chapell,'^ and intended as a 
permanent endowment-frind. The number of contributors was 
sixty-seven, and the amount raised was £4:0 8s. 8d. Amongst the 
donors' names we find " ould M™ Birche £5 ; Baphe Worsley £4 ; 
Thomas Shelmerdine £2; Mr. Siddall of Slade £1 6s. 8d. ;'' but as 
the interest of the sum thus collected was too small to supersede the 
necessity for the customary annual subscription, '' moneyes'^ were also 

^ HoQingworth's Chronicles of Ifanchester, p. 88. 


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" gathered for the charges of procuringe meanes for the ministry at 
Birch Ohapell/' Mr. Raphe Worsley heading the list with 8b., 
followed by old Mrs. Birch 5s. 3d., Mr. Birch 5s., Mr. Siddall 
Ss. 4d. and Anne Edge 2s. 6d. The special fund for the endowment 
of the chapel was expended the same year in the purchase of a small 
estate, two acres in extent, of the inheritance of Mr. Thomas Siddall 
of Slade, situated at Longsight, and known by the name of the Great 
Pendleton, to which Colonel Birch added as a gift about an acre of 
land from his own estate at Orindlow Marsh in Gorton, which 
adjoined the two acres already purchased, and caused the whole to 
be conveyed to himself, promising to reconvey both estates to such 
trustees as the inhabitants should appoint. The unsettled period of 
the Commonwealth succeeding, no reconveyance was immediately 
made, but in 1658 Colonel Birch, unknown to the inhabitants of 
Busholme, settled the lands upon his eldest son Thomas Birch and 
his heirs to the following uses : '* to the use and behoofe of one 
orthodox preaching minister of the gospell, to be constantly resident, 
to performe divine service att the chappell att Birohe in the parish 
of Manchester and county of Lancaster, and to the use and behoofe 
of such his successors as shall be orthodox preaching ministers, and 
constantly resident att the said chappell for ever.'^ On its being 
made known to the inhabitants that Colonel Birch had constituted 
his son sole trustee they expressed their dissatisfaction, and requested 
of him that he would reconvey the estate to a body of trustees 
elected by the inhabitants ; and accordingly by a deed dated Decem- 
ber 20, 1672, Colonel Birch and his son Thomas made a new 
conveyance of the land to Oeorge Birch Oent. (son and heir of 
Thomas Birch the younger, and grandson of the colonel), B^phe 
Worsley of Piatt Gent., John Siddall of Slade Gent., OUver Edge of 
Birchall Fold Gent., Robert Birch of Grindlow Gent., George 
Worsley of Blakestake Gent., Thomas Hartley of Moss Side 
yeoman, Ralph Cowper of Cringlebrook yeoman, Balphe Nicholson 
of Cringlebrook yeoman, Isaac Hall of Levenshulme yeoman, and 
John Bradshaw of Fallowfield yeoman, [n this latter conveyance, 
however, the terms of the former trust were changed, and no doubt 

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with a view of detaching the benefits of the endowment from the 
episcopal and conferring them on the Presbyterian form of worship, 
which had in the interim become more popular. Instead of the 
rents, issues and profits being limited specifically to Birch Chapel as 
in the former deed, they are directed '' ever hereafter, to the pleasure 
of Almighty God, to bee yearely from time to time, justly, truely, 
carefully, feithfuUy and wholly disposed of, distributed and imployed 
for the good and benefitt of the inhabitants in or neere Birche for 
the time beinge, in such manner and sorte as all or the greater parte 
of the trustees aforesaid shall order and appoint/'' Such a perversion 
of the intentions of the original contributors to the fund naturally 
gave ofience to all who remained staunch to the old form of church 
government, and a threatened misapplication of the rent of the estate 
on the part of George Birch Gent., one of the trustees, was met by a 
strong remonstrance, and laid the foundation for disputes, which 
were not settled until the year 1743. In that year a case was 
prepared for counsel, and submitted to Mr. Edward Ohetham, who 
decided that the second deed executed by Colonel Birch was valid in 
so fiir as it transferred the trust from the exclusive control of his 
own family into the hands of a body of trustees appointed by the 
inhabitants, but that the application of the funds must be regulated 
by the deed first executed, which limits to Birch Chapel the lands 
in question and their yearly profits. The duties of the trustees of 
the chapel lands were not only to collect the rents as they became 
due, but also to superintend the collecting and disbursing of all other 
sums of money raised for church purposes. The custom appears to 
have been to have a weekly collection frofn the congregation. From 
this fund, to which was afterwards added the rent of the chapel 
lands, Mr. Finch received by agreement ten shillings for each 
Sunday, and all expenses incurred in keeping the chapel in repair 
were hence defrayed. In 1679, aflter the payment to Mr. Finch of 
the stipulated sum, there remained of the total amount collected in 
the chapel a surplus of £1 15s. 2d., "out of w<^^ suine Mr. flinch 
had ten shillinges of a gratuity because he had beene sicke, soe there 
remained £1 5s. 2d., out of w^^ was paid seven shillinges and six 

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pence for repaire of the Ghappell and eight shillinges six pence more 
was lost in bad and broken money ; soe then there remained nine 
shillings two pence w^ was paid in pte of a greater snme ffor the 
continuation of the liberty att the Ghappell/^ 

In 1651 this estate produced to Mr. John Wigan, then minister 
of the chapel, the sum of £S lOs.^ to which until recently had been 
added a certain annual grant from sequestrations, now withdrawn.^ 
This was declared to be its annual value at the commencement of 
the last century, when a return was made of its value to Bishop 
Gastrell. The voluntary contributions of the inhabitants in aid of 
the endowment amounted at the latter period to about ^9. The 
estate remained in possession of the chapel until very recently, and 
formed in part the site of the old parsonage-house. In 1850 it was 
thought desirable to sell the house, which was much dilapidated, 
and also a plot of land, in extent 7,197 square yards, being part of 
the field lying on the north-east side of the turnpike road at Long- 
sight in Gorton. This was done under the authority of a commission 
issued by the Bishop of the Diocese. The house realised <f 75, and 
thQ land £1^1 99 lOs.^ being at the rate of two pence per square yard 
at twenty years' purchase. The proceeds of the sale were applied 
in 1851 to the erection of a new parsonage-house nearer to Birch 
Chapel. The remainder of the estate is let on chiefs and produces 
an income of .^30 per annum. 

In 1708 Warden Wroe returns the value of Birch Ohapel at 
£3 lOs.^ which was of course exclusive of the voluntary contribu- 
tions of the inhabitants; and in 1720 the Bev. Thomas Wright, 
who held the chapels of Didsbury and Birch together, estimates the 
" contribution'*' of the Birch congregation ai £16 per annum, whilst 
that of Didsbury, owing to certain dissensions which prevailed, had 
dwindled to £5 4s. '^ My friends in Manchester,'' he says, ^^ advise 
me to preach three Sundays at Birch and one at Didsbury." 

In 1747 John Dickenson Esq., who by his then recent purchase 

of the Birch estate, had become patron of the chapel, contributed 

<f 200 towards its endowment. This was met by a grant from the 

Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty, and an estate called Schoolshill, 

^ Lansdowne MSS. 459, fo. 5. 

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situated upon Gilbert Moss in Gheadle Mosley in the parish of 
Gheadle and in the county of Chester, was purchased in 1763 for the 
sum of ^630, Mr. Dickenson at the time of its purchase adding 
^30 to the amount of his previous contribution. It consisted of a 
farm house, cottage, and thirty-two acres of land, and was exchanged 
in 1798 for a farm, outbuildings and 19a. 2r. 23p. Cheshire measure, 
also in Gheadle, producing in 1849 an annual rent of £65. The 
London and North Western Railway intersects this estate, and has 
paid ^600 for the land required, which sum has been invested in 
the funds. In 1780 Miss Mary Dickenson gave, with a like object^ 
the sum of ^200, which was met by a grant from Queen Anne^s 
Bounty of a corresponding amount, and in 1 782 this sum of £400 
was expended in the purchase of an estate called Moorside in 
Gastleton near Rochdale, consisting of a house, outbuildings and 
eight acres of land. This produced in 1849 an annual rent of .^35. 

On the 16th of June 1650 an inquisition was taken at Manchester 
before Richard Standish, James Ashton, Alexander Barlow, Thomas 
Birch, Robert Mawdesley, John Hartley and Peter Holt Esquires, 
Commissioners under the Oreat Seal of England, with a view to 
effecting a more equitable adjustment of ecclesiastical districts. The 
commissioners report that ^' in the township of Wythington are the 
four chapels of Diddesbury, Birch, Ghorleton and Denton, which 
chapels are fit to be made a district parish.**" Their report is correct 
as to Withington manor though not of the township. They add, 
moreover, that "Ghorleton [on Medlock] hath neither church nor 
chapel nor benefice, and the inhabitants resort to Birch and Man- 
chester ; part of the township near Birch should be annexed to it, 
and the other part continued to Manchester.'' These suggestions 
were not carried out. 

In March 1850 Birch was returned as a district chapelry under 
59 George III. cap. 134, its annual value being estimated at J&180. 
It was constituted a rectory under the provisions of the Manchester 
Rectory Division Act, by an order in council dated June 8, 1854. 

The registers of the chapel arp all of a recent date, commencing in 
the year 1752, the earlier volumes having been lost. 

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A ground-plan of Birch Chapel, undated, but which maj be 
referred to the year 1 640 or thereabouts, is still in existence ; the 
family from the Hall is not included in the enumeration of seat- 
owners, and it is difficult to account for the omission. 

A DivUion ofy^fformes in the Birche Chapel. 

1. Mr. SidaU 13». 4d. 

2. John Hobflon. 

8. Tho. Trayifls. 
Robert Bamford. 
James Bedich. 
Thomas ffletcher. 
Widow Bordman. 

4. John Wilkinson jun. 
Edmund Smith. 
William Bradshaw. 
John Halle. 

6. John Shelmerdine. 
Thomas Timperlej. 
John Hobson, oarier. 
John Smith. 

6. Isack Halle. 
Bobert Bowker. 
Thomas Jannej. 

7. Edward Baguley. 
Joseph Kenion. 
John Hunt. 
Thomas Persirall. 

8. Edmund Knowles. 
Steven Sholcrosse. 
Richard PersiyalL 
John PersiTall. 

9. G^rge AspinwalL 
Robt. Bradshaw. 
Mary Davie. 

10. Robert Talior family. 
Nicholas Baley. 
Tho. Bamford junior. 

1. Raphe Worsley. 

2. Thomas Shelmerdine. 
Thomas Hartley. 
William Shelmerdine. 

Gkorge SidaU. 
William Nicholson. 
Richard Traviss. 
Widow Bradshaw. 

4. Thomas Wolwerke. 
Richard Johnson. 
Widow Bradshaw. 
Widow Edge. 

. John Wilkinson. 
John Barlow. 
• Charles Worsley. 
Wid. Williamson. 
John Dikonson. 

Henry Hughes. 
Renould Perkinson. 
Abednego Ridinges. 
Tho. Birch, blacksmith. 

7. Widow Blomiley 
Edward Worsley. 
Henry Reade. 
John Hoult. 

8. Edmund Whiticar. 
Alexander Birch. 
Broome doughters. 

9. George Prescot. 
James Wosenoroft. 
Heniy Broome. 

10. John Birohe. 
Widow Dickonson. 

Tho. Traviss, houson grene. 
George Pomfret. 

11. William Birche. 

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The Chapel-Book, which bears date 1636, is more comprehensive^ 
giving at once the adjacent hamlets connecting themselves with the 
chapel at that period, and also a list of the families then resident in 
the several localities, and the amount paid by each in support of the 
ministrations at Birch Chapel. 

BircJie and Birch hall houses, 
M'^ Anne Birche, 25« 
Mr. Thomas Birche, 20> 
Oliver Edge, 25" 
Thomas Greaves, 4^ 
John Bidinges, 2^ 
Tho. Birch, blacksmith, 2» 
Henry Hughes, 4^ 
Edmund Whitticar, 2^ 

Slade and RusJtfard. 
Mr. Kinsey, 6> 8* 
Mr. SidaU, 13« 4^ 
Joseph Kenion, 6* 
Abram Eenion, 4" 
M"^ Adkinson, 4» 

Grinlow and Chorltan. 
Thomas Wolwerke, 8" 
John Bradshaw, 4" 
George Pomfret, 2> 
Thomas Persivall, 4» 
John Hunt, 2« 
Edmund Enowles, 2" 
Widow Williamson, 3» 4^ 
James Boden, 2^ 
Bobert Baddiffe, 2' 
Adam Hulme 
William Streete 

William Jobson 
Jacob Taylor, 4» 

Widow Percival, 6" 
John and Bobert Dickonson, 4> 
AUexander Birch, 2» 6^ 
Isack Halle, 3> 4^ 
Bichard Johnson, 5^ 
John Shelmerdine, 4' 
Bobert Broome 
Thomas Timperley, 3" 
William Mellor 
William Nicholson, 6» 
Nicholas Baylie, 2» 
Widow Taylor, 2» 
Bobert Taylor, 1» 
Baphe Glossop, 4* 
Bichard Smith 
Thomas Hobson, 3> 
Edward Gorton, 2» 
John Hobson, jun. 
Widow Bouker, 1» 
John Birch, 2» 
Jameer Bouker, 2^ 
John Percivall, 4" 
Bichard Percivall, 2> 
Nicholas Wimbell, 4» 
Bodger Bewsicke, 2" 8<* 

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Baphe Marlor 
Joseph Stoppard^ 3" 
Thom#i Smith, 1> 

Eaphe Worsley, 28» 
Thomas Shehnerdine, IS'' 4^ 
Charles Worsley, 4» 
William Shelmerdine, 8» 
Thamas Travis, 10" 
John Davie of Manchester, 4fi 
Thomas Shelmerdine, sen., 3' 4^ 
Marie Davie, 1" 4* 
Adam Sidall, 2' 4^ 
John Wilkinson, whelewrit, 4» 
Robert Bouker, S* 4A 
Richard Travisse, 6« 8^ 
Renould Parkinson, 3" 
Margret Dickonson, !■ 4^ 
Thomas Janney, 4* 
John Davie, 2» 8^ 
Edward Baguley, 3» 4* 
William Birch, 1» 4^ 
Thomas Bamford, 2» 
Edward Worsley, 2» 
Thomas Hartley, Moss-side, 4* 

Matthew Barlow, Heaton 
Edmund Smith, 4> 

ffallowfeUd, Ladie Borne, 6fc. 
Robert Bamford, 4* 
Thomas ffletcher, 4" 
Widow Bordman, 3" 
Richard Bordman, 2* 
George Sidall, 6» 
James Redich, 4* 
Robert Bradshaw, 6* 
Elizabeth Blomiley, 2> 
John Barlow, 4" 
Gteorge Blomiley, 2» 
John Smith alias England, 1" 4^ 

Withington and howend. 
Robert Brook, 2» 
Nicholas Langford, 1» 4^ 
Alice Baguley, 2* 8* 
William Langford, 3» 
John Wood, 2» 
ffrancis Wood, 1* 4* 
Randle Sedon, 1* 4^ 
William Blomiley, 2» 
Deaffe Margret, 2« 

The subordination of Birch Chapel to Manchester Church is 
shown in the payment of tithes to the Warden and Fellows of 
Manchester as rectors of the entire parish. In 1701 the tithes of 
Rusholme proper, in which township Birch Chapel is situated, were 
leased by the Warden and Fellows to Mr. Worsley for £6. The 
tithes chargeable on the Birch demesne were farmed by Mr. Birch 
for £3 158., and on Birchall £l 14s., and Mr. Siddall was lessee of 
the tithes of his own estate of Blade, and paid five shillings and 

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sixpence; making a total of £10 14s. 6(i. In 1848 the rent-charge, 
payable to the Dean and Chapter of Manchester in lieu of tithes 
over the whole township of Busholme was £84. No district was ever 
assigned to Birch Chapel, that apparently given to it in the Chapel- 
Book of 1636 being merely conventional, suggested by convenience, 
and not recognised or sanctioned by any authority. 

The earliest known allusion to Birch Chapel represents it as de- 
prived of ministerial superintendence ; this would be within a few 
years of the date of its erection ; the Visitation returns of 1598 thus 
referring to it: ''Birche Chapel in Busholme latelie erected and 
now voyd of a curate." 

The first minister whose name has been recorded is one Richard 
Lingard, curate of the chapel in 1622. Of him nothing more than 
his name is known. At the time indicated he was within a year of 
the termination of his incumbency. In 1623 the Rev. Thomas 
Norman was found discharging the duties of the office, having 
relinquished the chapel at Oorton, where his name occurs in 1618- 
21. It is uncertain how long he remained at Birch, but from the 
recurrence of his name in the Gorton register in 1641 and later in 
1650, it is conjectured that after a brief stay at Birch he returned to 
his former charge at Gorton. He was still resident in Busholme in 
the capacity of Curate of Birch Chapel in October 1632, at which 
time he buried a daughter (Elizabeth) at the Collegiate Church, and 
even as late as April 3, 1633, when his daughter Sarah was also 
buried. In 1635 a Mr. Bentley officiated at Birch, and is described 
in the registers of Didsbury Chapel of that year, at which time and 
place he christened one of his children, as preacher at Birch Chapel, 
being followed by a Mr. Hall, who was resident there in a like 
capacity in 1641. 

In 1646 the Bev. John Wigan, leaving Gorton, fixed his residence 
at Birch, *^ where he set up Congregationalism,^' this being about the 
time when the Independents or Congregationalists first prominently 
opposed the Presbyterian form of church government. Adam 
Martindale (Ltfe^ p. 61) speaks of these new opinions as ^' tugging 
hard at Gorton to get in there in the days of Mr. Wigan, my prede- 

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cesser, who spent his afternoons^ sermons constantly to promote it, 
and meeting with remoras too weighty to be removed, he was then 
using all endeavours to get it up at Birch, which in time he effected/^ 
The difference in his views on church matters led to his seclusion 
from his Presbyterian brethren, who made an effort, though an 
unsuccessftil one^ to secure his adhesion, the result of which is stated 
in the proceedings of that body under the date June 9, 1 647 : — 
" The members of y« last classis appointed to deal with Mr. Wigan 
returned answer that the said Mr. Wigan was not desirous to meet 
them as members of a class but as fellow-brethren ; promised to 
return his scruples to you in writing ; not yet done."* Mr. Wigan 
afterwards left Birch^ and indeed ceased from the ministry. Having 
entered the army he became first a captain and afterwards a major. 
Martindale makes another allusion to him {Life^ p. 75) when 
speaking of the revolutions in church and state which succeeded the 
death of Charles I. : — ^' Diverse of the ministers of the classis 
hurried about and imprisoned at Liverpool and Ormskirke till it 
came even to peaceable Mr. Angier : those of Manchester, viz. Mr. 
Heyrick and Mr. HoUinworth put to pensions (if they got them), 
the colledge lands being sold and the colledge itself to Mr. Wigan^ 
who now being turned Antipsedobaptist and I know not what more, 
made a barne there into a chappell, where he and many of his 
perswasion preached doctrine diametrically opposite to the ministers 
perswasion under their very nose." From the Parliamentary Com- 
missioners' Report of 1650 it appears that Mr. John Wigan was 
still at Birch. He is therein described as ''a painfull godly 
preaching minister," and as having '^ received some maintenance out 
of the sequestrations, but all orders expiring about midsummer 1650 
he then depended on the contributions of the people."^ His resig- 
nation followed shortly after. Of his children, Elizabeth was 
married February 19, 1666, to Mr. Daniel Dunbaven of Warrington, 
and Lydia June 10, 1658, to the Eev. William Morris of Man- 

> Proeeeding$ of the First Manchester CUusu, a MS. in the Chetham Librarj. 
^Lansdowne MSS. 469, fo. 5. 

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On the ] 3th of July 1 659, the Rev. Robert fiiroh, minister of Birch 
Chapel, was present at a meeting of ministers convened in Manches- 
ter, for the purpose of settling amicably the differences of opinion 
prevailing amongst them in religious matters. At this meeting it 
was agreed to '' lay to heart all unnecessary distances and unbrotherly 
carriages one towards another and engage in this accommodation in 
all unfeigned love and steadfast resolution, to pray one with and for 
another, and to lay aside to their utmost all words and carriages that 
may violate or prejudice this Christian communion/^^ Mr. Birch 
was probably a member of the family possessing the patronage of 
the chapel. Refusing to conform he was silenced on the passing of 
the Act of Uniformity in 1662, and afterwards altogether abandoning 
the ministeral function, practised as a physician and surgeon.^ He 
died in 1693. His will, which is dated June 24, 1692, was proved 
at Chester October 4, 1693, and is as follows : — I, Robert Birch, of 
Grindlowe within the township of Chorlton alias Chorlton roe in the 
county of Lancaster, clerk, being weak in body but of sound and 
perfect memory, thanks be to Almighty God, do make, constitute, 
ordain and declare this my last will and testament, in manner and 
form following, revoking by these presents all former will and wills 
heretofore by me declared either by word or writing. And first, I 
give and commit my soul into the hands of Almighty God, assuredly 
believing through the merits of Jesus Christ to be eternally saved ; 
and my body to the earth to be buried in such decent manner as to my 
executrix hereafter herein named shall be thought meet. And now 
for the settling of my temporal estate and such lands, goods, chattels 
and debts as it hath pleased God to bestow upon me, I do order, 
give^ devise and bequeath the same in manner and form following : 
And first, I will that my debts, if any such be, my funeral expenses 
and the probate of this my last will and testament, be paid out of 
my whole personal estate by my executrix hereafter herein named. 
Item I give, devise and bequeath unto Mary, my loving wife, all 
that my messuage and lands situate, lying and being in Chorlton roe 

> Proceedings of the First Mancheeter Classis. 
^ Calamy*s Abridgment^ toL ii., p. 414. 

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aforesaid, containing by estimation sixteen acres of land or therea- 
bonts, to have and to hold to her and her assigns for her natural life. 
And as touching and concerning my personal estate, I do give, 
devise, dispose and bequeath the same in manner and form following, 
that is, first I give and bequeath unto all such of my grandchildren 
as shall be living at the time of my decease ten shillings apiece to be 
paid out of my said personal estate ; and afterwards it is my will 
and mind that my personal estate be divided into three equal parts, 
the first part whereof I give and bequeath to Mary, my loving wife ; 
and as for and concerning the other two parts, it is my will and 
mind and I give and bequeath 'the same to be equally divided 
amongst my three daughters, Margaret, Mary and Martha, share 
and share alike. And lastly, I do hereby constitute, ordain, 
nominate and appoint Mary, ray loving wife, to be the sole and 
whole executrix of this my last will and testament, trusting she will 
duly execute the same. In witness whereof I the said Robert Birch 
unto this my last will and testament have set my hand and seal, &c. 

Witnesses^ Eliezer Birch, Jane Manifould, John Hall. 

The inventory of his '^ goods and chattels^^ amounted to iSl41 
10s. lid. 

Of his successor nothing is known, and it is not until after the 
lapse of ten years that the blank is filled up in the chain of 
succession. During that interval, in 1670-1, Adam Martindale, 
himself ejected from Bostherne in 1662, states (Life^ p. 193) that 
he "preached publickly in two neighbour chapells, Gorton and 
Birch ;^^ but this, it is probable, he did with no regularity, and 
when permitted to do so, then only perhaps by the connivance of 
Colonel Birch, the laws against nonconformity being pressed with 
the utmost rigour. At this time the nonconformists of the neigh- 
bourhood assembled at Birch Hall for the occasional celebration of 
divine service. Even this they were compelled to do by stealth, 
the Conventicle Act (as it was called) adjudging that "every person 
above sixteen years of age present at any meeting under pretence of 
any exercise of religion in other manner than is the practice of the 
Church of England, where there are five persons more than the 

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household, shall for the first offence be sent to gaol three months or 
pay £5; for the second offence double; and for the third trans- 
portation for seven years, or a fine of £100." On Sunday November 
18^ 1666^ Colonel Birch, in contravention of this law, permitted two 
wandering ministers from Germany to preach at Birch Hall. They 
were engaged from nine to three speaking very fluently, denouncing 
all manner of woe to England, in exhorting the people to fly and 
take refuge in Germany. They sang two German hymns with 
well-tuned voices, the purport of one of which, when sung at the 
house of an old commonwealth officer, beginning " Hark, how the 
trumpet sounds i"^ might well excite some alarm in the minds of the 
neighbouring royalists. The magistrates took the opportunity of 
putting the Conventicle Act in force against Colonel Birch and 
several persons who were present at this meeting, amongst whom 
was the wife of Ralph Worsley, a gentleman of Busholme, ancestor 
of the Worsley 8 of Piatt, friends of the Nonconformists.* 

In 1672 the Bev. Henry Finch was appointed to the chapel. Mr. 
Finch was bom in the parish of Standish in the county of Lancaster^ 
and baptised September S, 16S3. He was educated at Wigan and 
Standish schools, and afterwards proceeded to the university. His 
earlier ministrations were in the Fylde country, until in 1656 he 
obtained the vicarage of Walton. From this living he was ejected 
in 1662 on the passing of the Act of Uniformity, and returned to 
Warrington, where his wife'^s friends resided. " By the Corporation 
Act^ in 1665 he was forced to remove again, and the kind providence 
of God brought him to Manchester, though he was a stranger to the 
place and the people. Thither fled several other ministers (it not 

^ Hunter's Life of Oliver Seywoody p. 188. 

' Thia act, more generally known as the " Fiye Mile Act," prohibited Noncon- 
formist ministers from approaching within fire miles of any parish, town or place 
wherein they had acted as ministers, or within fiye miles of any city, town corporate 
or borough, upon forfeiture, for every such oflTence, of the sum of £40. The* only 
means by which the rigour of this act could be avoided was by taking an oath 
denying the lawfulness under any pretence whatsoever of taking arms against the 
Icing, and promising never at any time to attempt any alteration of the government 
either in church or state. 

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being a oorporation) who lived in great harmony and usefulness to 
the town and adjacent country. Here, also, he ordinarily joined in 
public worship with the Established Church till the liberty in 1672, 
when he renewed his beloYed work of preaching publickly^ at Eirch 
Chapel, with great diligence and cheerfulness. His great prudence 
and wise management kept him employed when his brethren were 
silenced by the recalling of their licenses.''^ On the passing of the 
Act of Toleration Mr. Finch certified his Majesty's Justices assem- 
bled in court at Manchester July 26, 1689, that he intends his own 
house in Manchester, as also the place called Birch Chapel within 
the parish of Manchester,. for his preaching to their Majesties Pro- 
testant subjects dissenting from the Church of England, assembling 
there for their religious worship ; at which court upon the said Mr. 
Finch his notifying the said chapel for that purpose, Dr. Wroe, 
Warden of the Collegiate Church in Manchester, came into the said 
court and excepted against his the said Mr. Finch preaching in the 
said Chapel of Birch, shewing that the same is one of the consecrated 
chapels appertaining to the Warden and Fellows of the said Colle- 
giate Parish Church of Manchester, and did absolutely deny his 
consent to the said Mr. Finch his admittance to officiate there. All 
which is certified by 

RoGkR Kenyon^ 

Clerk of the Peace, com. Lane. 
Once during the term of Mr. Finches ministrations at Bircb, 
''they thrust a conformist into his place, but for want of main- 
tenance that project dropped, and Mr. Finch continued with his 
flock in that place till the chief proprietor died, whose heir took the 
chapel from him.''^* This event occurred in 1697. On his retire- 
ment from Birch Chapel, Mr. Finch, assisted by his friends and 
some of the more influential members of his late congregation, 
erected a nonconformist chapel at Piatt in Rusholme, of which he 
became the first minister. He died November 13, 1704, in the 
seventy-second year of his age. " He was,'' says Calamy, " a great 
blessing and help to the younger ministers, who loved and honoured 
* Calamy*B Abridgment, vol iL pp. 404-407. ' Ibid. 

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him as a father, and his behaviour to them was fall of condescension 
and tenderness. He greatly resented either anything that broke in 
upon order or tended ta the reproach of the ministry ; in particular 
the bold intruding of forward and rash young men without examina- 
tion and trial. As he was of sound and healing principles in 
religion, so his thoughts about civil government were according to 
the English constitution. He absolutely refused the Engagement, 
and was desirous of King Charleses return. After the defeat of Sir 
George Booth, the sequestrators seized all of Mr. Finches estate they 
could meet with, which he had certainly lost for his love to the king 
if the speedy turn of affairs had not prevented. He rejoiced at the 
revolution of 1688, and entirely fell in with it; and yet he had a 
greater tenderness for those who refused the oaths, and lost their places 
for conscience sake ; to some of them he was a charitable contri- 
butor while he lived. His preaching was clear and methodical, and 
was adapted to convince the mind and to move the passions. He 
lived, according to his profession^ a peaceable life in all godliness 
and honesty.'^* 

After the dismissal of Mr. Finch, there occurs an interval of two 
years, in which no settled curate seems to have been appointed, or 
if any such there was his name is now unknown. 

On the 17th September 1699, George Birch Esq. nominated the 
Bev. Samuel Taylor M.A. of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, "to 
serve at my domestick chappell of Birch, and I do allow him what 
belongs to it, which, with the contribution which the congregation 
will make, will probably amount to £20 a year and upwards, if 
your lordship shall please to admit him into Holy Orders.^^ Mr. 

^ The following extracts from the regiBters of the Collegiate Church relate to the 
family of Mr. Finch : — 
1665, Dec. 14, Bapt. Nathan, son of Mr. Henry Finch of Manchester, clerk. 
1667, July 24, Bapt. Hannah, danghter of Mr. Henry Finch of Manchester, derk. 
1669-70, March 14, Bapt. Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Henry Finch of Manchester, 

1671*2, Jan. 8, Bapt. James, son of Mr. Henry Finch of Manchester, clerk. 
1680, May 1, Bur. Nicholas, son of Mr. Henry Finch, cleric. 
1704, Nov. 16, Bar. Mr. Henry Finch of Salford. 

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Taylor was a native of GortoD, being baptized there December 26, 
1675. The duration of his residence at Birch is uncertain, but it is 
conjectured that he vacated some time before 1707, since in that 
year Warden Wroe writes thus : *' Ohorleton and Stretford have no 
settled curates, for want of endowment ; Birch is in the same condi- 
tion, having only £S 10s. belonging to it.'^ In 1717 the Rev. 
Joseph Dale was discharging the duties of curate, but with no 
prospect of permanency. He held the Chapel of Chorlton also in 
conjunction with that of Birch. On the 11th of July 1720, the 
Rev. Thomas Wright B.A. was nominated by William Birch Esq. 
^' to my chapel at Birch.^^ He received a nomination to Chorlton 
Chapel the same day from the Warden and Fellows of Manchester. 
Mr. Wright was educated at the Manchester Grammar School, and 
afterwards at Brazenose College, Oxford. He was appointed to a 
Hulmian Exhibition March 12, 1714. He resigned both chapels 
January 10, 1721-2, after a short incumbency of eighteen months. 
On the resignation of Mr. Wright, the Rev. John Tetlow B.A. was 
nominated as his successor by William Birch of Birch Esq. The 
patron in this and the preceding nomination was the younger brother 
of George Birch Esq., who died in 1704. Mr. Tetlow married 
Elizabeth Birch, a sister of the patron, and daughter of Thomas 
Birch Esq. and his wife Beatrix Cotton. He continued in the 
enjoyment of the living until his death in 1742. He was succeeded 
by the Rev. John Leech B.A. of Katharine Hall, Cambridge, whose 
nomination is dated June 22, 1742, and is signed by Humphrey 
Wyrley of Hampstead in the county of Stafford Esq., " the true and 
undoubted patron of the Chappel of Birch.**^ Mr. Leech ^-as a native 
of Audenshaw in the parish of Ashton-under-Lyne, and was ordained 
to the incumbency. His stay was but short, and the vacancy caused 
by his resignation was filled by the Rev. Robert Twyford B.A, of 
Brazenose College, Oxford, curate of Didsbury, who continued to 
hold the two chapels until his death in 1746; he was buried at 
Didsbury. Mr. Twyford was succeeded at Birch by his son, the 
Rev. William Twyford B.A. of St. John's College, Cambridge, 
whose nomination bears date March 17, 1746, and is signed by 

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John Dickenson Esq. as patron. He received also a nomination to 
Didsbury Chapel in succession to his father on the 1 5th of May 
following, under the hand of Sir John Bland Bart. Finding himself 
unable to supply both chapels he tendered his resignation of Birch 
to the Bishop of Chester April 27, 1752, and two days after we have 
recorded the nomination of the Rev. Thomas Aynscough M.A. of 
St. John^s College, Cambridge; patron John Dickenson of Man- 
chester Gent. Mr. Aynscough was a son of the Bev. Badley 
Aynscough, formerly Fellow of the Collegiate Churchy Manchester, 
and was ordained to the incumbency of Birch. He was himself 
elected a Fellow of the Collegiate Church November 12, 1761, and 
resigned Birch Chapel the following year. He died senior Fellow 
November 8, 1793, and was buried within the Collegiate Church. 
On the 16th of March 1762, the Rev. Miles Lonsdale M.A., Fellow 
of Brazenose College, Oxford, was nominated to the chapel by Mr. 
John Dickenson on the resignation of the Rev. Thomas Aynscough. 
Mr. Lonsdale was educated at the Manchester Grammar School, 
and was an exhibitioner at Brazenose College on the Hulme founda- 
tion. He held the cliapel for about seven years, and resigning 
October 16, 1769, was succeeded by the Rev. Henry Ainsworth. 
Mr. Ainsworth was, it is presumed, a native of Gorton, being 
baptised there September 24, 1737. For three years previous to 
his appointment to Birch he was curate of Rostherne in Cheshire. 
He married Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Philip Rothwell of Long- 
sight, and dying May 16, 1795, was buried at Birch. On the death 
of Mr. Ainsworth the Rev. Rowland Blayney B.A. was nominated 
by Mr. John Dickenson to *' the augmented curacy of Birch.^^ Mr. 
Blayney was the son of the Rev. — Blayney, Curate of Whitchurch, 
Shropshire, and Master of the Grammar School there. The term of 
his incumbency was protracted; he died May 30, 1838, having held 
the chapel forty-three years, and was succeeded by the Rev. Francis 
Philips Hulme B.A., whose nomination, signed by John Dickenson 
Esq., is dated October 13, 1838. Mr. Hulme died within a few 
months of his appointment^ June 1, 1839, and was buried at Birch. 
On the 14th of June 1839, the Rev. George Gardner Harter M.A. 

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was nominated to the vacant chapel by John Dickenson Esq., to 
hold the same in commendam, under promise of resignation in favour 
of either of the patron'^s grandsons^ Greorge Henry Greville Anson or 
Archibald Edward Harbord Anson. Mr. Harter resigned February 
26, 1840. On Mr. Barter's resignation the Bev. Oliver Ormerod 
MA. was nominated by Mr. Dickenson on like condition of resig- 
nation. He resigned in 1841, and was succeeded by the Bev. 
George Dugard M.A. of St. John^s College, Cambridge, whose 
nomination, subject to the conditions binding on his predecessors, 
was dated March 29^ 1841, and signed by Mr. Dickenson. Mr. 
Dugard was ordained in 1 828 to the Curacy of St. Ann's, Manches- 
ter. In 1830 he became Curate of Prestwich. In 1831 he was 
appointed to the Incumbency of St. Andrew^s, Manchester, which 
he resigned in 1841, being also from 1834 to 1837 Librarian at the 
Chetham Hospital. In 1846, in accordance with the terms of his 
nomination, he vacated Birch Chapel, which he had held for about 
five years. In 1847 he was nominated to the Incumbency of 
Barnard Castle, and in 1849 to the Mastership of St. John^s Hos- 
pital, Barnard Castle. In 1850 he became Honorary Canon of 
Durham on the nomination of the Bishop. 

On the 27th of June 1846, the Bev. George Henry Greville 
Anson M.A. was nominated to the chapel, on the resignation of 
Mr. Dugard, by his brother, John William Hamilton Anson of 
Devonshire Place in the county of Middlesex Esq. Mr. Anson had 
previously held the Curacy of the parish church of Leeds. He is 
the present Incumbent of the chapel. 

The following is a list of the Curates of Birch Chapel as far as their 
names can now be traced : — 

1698 No Curate. 

1622 Bichard Lingard. 

1623 Thomas Norman. 
1635.1636 — Bentley. 
1641 — Hall. 
1646.1660 John Wigan. 
1669. 1662 Bobert Birch. 

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1672-1697 Henry Finch. 
1699- Samuel Taylor. 

1707 No Curate. 

1717 Joseph Dale. 

1720-1721 Thomas Wright. 
1721-1742 John Tetlow. 
1742- John Leech. 

-1746 Robert Twyford. 
1746-1762 Wmiam Twyford. 
1762-1762 Thomas Aynsoough- 
1762-1769 Miles Lonsdale. 
1769-1796 Henry Ainsworth. 
1795-1838 Rowland Blayney. 
1838-1839 Francis Philips Hulme. 
1839-1840 Q-eorge Gardner Harter. • 
1840-1841 Oliver Ormerod. 
1841-1846 George Dugard. 
1846- George Henry Greville Anson. 

Birch Chapel (the earlier structure) was erected, as already 
intimated^ in the reign of Elizabeth. It was of brick, covered with 
grey slates, and consisted of a nave, •the roof of which at its eastern 
extremity bore a plain cross^ and at the west a small octagonal turret 
or bell-cot; there was no chancel. A small cottage-like erection, 
with a separate entrance on the south, was known as the Dickenson 
Chapel. The entrance to the main structure itself was in the 
western gable. Internally it was filled with oaken pews, supplying 
accommodation for about three hundred and fifty persons^ none of 
the sittings being free. The pulpit, also of oak, was situated in the 
centre of the nave near to the east end. On the 4th of May 1763^ 
a faculty was granted to John Dickenson of Manchester, merchant^ 
owner and proprietor of divers messuages or tenements and lands in 
the township and chapelry, empowering him at his own cost to raise 
the roof of the chapel seven feet, and to enlarge the chapel by taking 
down the wall at the east end and rebuilding it twelve feet beyond, 

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extending at the same time the north and south walls. In 1803^ 
the chapel being out of repair, substantial alterations were effected 
by the curate, the Rev. Rowland Blayney, at a cost of about je200 ; 
and in 1811 it was further decorated and an organ added, towards 
the expense of which Mr. Dickenson the patron contributed £20. 
The rapid increase which has taken place in the population of 
Rusholme since the beginning of the present century having ren- 
dered increased church accommodation necessary, in 1845 the 
foundation-stone of a new church, designed to supersede the older 
structure, was laid. 

The present church is situated about twenty yards to the east of 
the site of the old chapel. It is an exceedingly beautiful specimen 
of ecclesiastical architecture, built from designs furnished by Mr. 
James Macduff Derick of Oxford. The style adopted is that known 
as lancet or early English, which prevailed during the earlier part 
of the thirteenth century ; and in the various details and internal 
fittings this style has been careftiUy adhered to. The church is built 
entirely of stone, in random courses, and is remarkable for simplicity, 
exhibiting externally an almost entire absence of ornament^ at the 
same time showing the elegant effect that may be obtained by a 
proper attention to proportion in the arrangement and distribution of 
the several parts. The plan comprises a nave, chancel and side 
aisles, with a square tower^ surmounted by an octagonal spire 
flanking the westeni end of the south aisle. The tower is of three 
heights or stories, separated by string-courses, and supported by two- 
stage buttresses with plain set-offs, placed rectangular-wise; the 
basement story of the tower forms a porch, the entrance being by 
an elegant arched doorway on the south side ; the belfry windows 
are of two lights, trefoiled, the space between the heads pierced with 
a quatrefoil, and surmounted by a moulded dripstone; above these 
a plain corbel-table gives support to the cornice. An octagonal 
broach spire rises from the outer face of the tower, without any 
intervening parapet; the four sides which face the cardinal points 
slope down to the eaves, each diagonal face of the spire being con- 
nected at the base with an angle of the tower by a serai-pyramidal 

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projection, rising from the angle, and terminating in the oblique face of 
the spire. There are three tiers of spire lights with acute pedimental 
heads, placed alternately on the four cardinal and four oblique sides. 
The height from the basement to the apex of the spire is 128 feet. 
The nave is divided into six bays by buttresses of two stages with 
moulded set-offs, carried up to and terminating in the corbel-table, 
the area of the tower circumscribing the length of the south side to 
the extent of one bay. The windows, set upon a string-course, are 
of two lights, lancet-headed, and surrounded by dripstones with 
plain corbels. The clerestory windows are of three lights each, 
with lancet heads, alternating with flat pilaster-like buttresses. The 
length of the nave is 80 feet, the width 48 feet, and the height from 
the ground floor to the ridge 50 feet, the elevation of the clerestory 
being about 12 or 13 feet. The chancel, S3 feet by 16 feet, is 
lighted on either side by three single light windows, with moulded 
weatherings, separated by buttresses of two stages, and at the eastern 
end by a triplet, above which is a large wheel window divided into 
twelve compartments. Surmounting the apex of each gable of the 
nave and chancel is a floriated cross. 

The interior of this beautiful church is very effective in appear- 
ance, the whole of the details being in keeping with the exterior, 
evincing great accuracy of taste and a nice appreciation of the cha- 
racteristics and peculiarities of tlie style. The nave is separated 
from the side aisles by five cylindrical shafts with richly carved 
capitals, supporting six pointed arches, surrounded by mouldings 
terminating in ornamental corbels, and above which rises the clere- 
story. The roof of the nave and chancel is of timber-work, plain 
and simple in construction, acutely pointed and open to the ridge 
without tie-beams, the walls being connected by curved bracing-ribs 
springing from wall-pieces resting upon corbel-heads, at an angle of 
60^, formed by the sides of equilateral triangles, and so disposed as 
to form equilateral arches. On the north side of the chancel is a 
chapel having an opening into the north aisle, built to contain the 
organ. The pulpit is of Oaen stone, situated on the south side near 
the junction of the chancel with the nave, the reading-desk occupy- 

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ing a corresponding position on tlie north side ; in addition to these, 
there is an ornamental lectern. The chancel is lighted by a large 
triplet with detached shafts, filled with exquisitely stained glass; 
the centre light containing representations of St. John the Baptist, 
the Saviour, surrounded by emblems of the four evangelists — the 
lion^ the eagle, the angel and the ox, St. James (the patron saint of 
the church), and the Alpha and Omega at the top. The north side 
light represents the Nativity, St. Peter, and the Crucifixion, with 
the emblem of the Crucifixion — a pelican feeding her young. In 
the south side light are representations of the Baptism of our 
Saviour^ St. Paul, and the Resurrection, surmounted by the phoenix 
the emblem of the Resurrection. The tympanum above is filled 
with a large wheel window, divided into twelve compartments^ and 
decorated with various devices in coloured glass, the Agrma Dei 
being in the centre. The western end of the nave is lighted by a 
large stained glass window of two lights, surmounted by a quatre- 
foil, similar in design to one in Stone Church, Kent. The side 
windows of the nave and chancel are filled with glass of Mosaic 
pattern^ burnt in. The seats are of pitch-pine, varnished, and 
entirely open. There are no galleries, with the exception of a small 
one over the western entrance, access to which is gained by a stair- 
case in the tower. An octagonal stone font is appropriately placed 
near the south entrance to the church. The floor of the nave and 
chancel is paved with beautiful encaustic tiles. 

It will be seen by the foregoing description that there are two 
principal entrances to the church — one through the western gable 
and the other on the south side of the tower ; in addition to these, 
there is a priest^s entrance on the south side of the chancel. The 
church will afford accommodation for 750 persons, 400 of the sit- 
tings being free. The cost of its erection was about <f 4,300, the 
principal contributors towards the object being John William 
Hamilton Anson Esq. the patron, and his brother, the Bev. 
G. H. G, Anson, incumbent of the church. The Manchester and 
Ecdes Church Building Society subscribed ^500, and a liberal 
subscription was entered into by the inhabitants of the township. 

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It was consecrated July 1, 1846, the consecration sermon being 
preached by the Bishop of Chester from 2 Cor. x. 3-5. 

Adjacent to the church are large and commodious schools, built 
of brick of different colours, arranged in diaper-like patterns in the 
style prevalent during the reigns of Henry VIII. and Elizabeth. 
Over the entrance is a label with the inscription, '^ Birch School. 

The same year witnessed the erection of two other churches 
in Busholme. — Trinity Church situated on the Piatt estate, and 
erected at the sole expense of Thomas Carill Worsley of Piatt Hall Esq. 
at a cost of about ^3,600, is wholly built of terr»-cotta which gives 
it a novel and rather pleasing effect and consists of a nave 75 feet by 
20 feet, a chancel 24 feet by 20 feet, and two side aisles each 15 feet 
in width, the latter being separated from the nave on either side by 
five arches. There is no gallery ; the pews, or rather seats, are all 
open, and the building is calculated to accommodate 700 persons. 
The tower is placed at the south-west angle and thrown open to the 
church. Together with the spire, which is octagonal and 150 feet 
in height, it is a striking feature in the edifice. The architecture of 
the two entrance doors is rich and pleasing. The interior frame- 
work of the lofty roof is composed of oak and left exposed, thus 
adding greatly to the general effect. High over the elevated arch, 
separating the chancel from the nave, it placed the decalogue. The 
foliated capitals of the pillars from which the arches in the side 
aisles spring are very rich, as are also the corbels and string-course 
running along the interior of the nave. The floor, both of the nave 
and chancel, is laid with indented tiles, the chancel floor being 
elevated two steps above the body of the church. The church was 
consecrated June 26, 1846, by the Bishop of Chester, who preached 
on the occasion. 

The remaining church, dedicated to St. John, and situated locally 
in Busholme, is placed on the confines of that township at its point 
of junction with Gorton. It was designed specially for the inhabit- 
ants of the hamlet of Longsight, and its description will therefore 
fall more appropriately under the head of Gorton Chapel. The 
foundation-stone was laid March 28, 1845, by Miss Marshall of 

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Ardwick House, one of the chief contributors to its erection, who 
subscribed £1^000 towards the endowment and jE^SOO towards the 
structure itself. The cost of the tower and spire was mainly de- 
frayed by Mrs. Marshall (mother of the foundress), who gave ,£^700 
with that object. The site was given by John William Hamilton 
Anson Esq. The church was consecrated June 26, 1846, (the day 
on which Trinity Church also received consecration), the sermon 
being preached by the Bishop of Chester from 1 Pet. iii. 18. 

The founder of the dissenting interest in Busholme was the Kev. 
Henry Finch, a friend of the Bev. Henry Newcome, in whose auto- 
biography his name frequently occurs. Though avowedly dissenting 
from the Established Church he was appointed, as we have seen, to 
Birch Chapel by Colonel Thomas Birch the patron, and continued 
with more or less interruption to officiate there during the life of 
Colonel Birch and of his son and successor until, on the death of the 
latter in or about the year 1697, he was displaced by Mr. George 
Birch the next heir, who, having no sympathy with Mr. Finch in 
his Presbyterian opinions, took advantage of his open violation of 
the law in officiating as a dissenter in an episcopal chapel^ and thus 
obtained his dismissal. On his retirement from Birch Chapel Mr. 
Finch began to preach in private houses. This was in October 
1697, at which time several houses in the township were licensed 
for the purpose, amongst others those of Mr. Kalph Worsley of Piatt 
and Mr. Oliver Edge of Birch Hall Fold. The form observed in 
these licenses is as follows : — Com Lane. These are to certifye that 
att a Generall Q' Sessions of the peace held att Manchester the 14th 
day of October anno Dili 1697, the Dwelling House of Mr. Baph 
Worsley of Piatt within Rusholme is recorded for a meeting place 
ffor an assembly of Protestantes dissenting from the Church* of 
England flfbr y« exercise of theire religious worshipp in, according to 
an Act of Parliament intituled an Act for exempting their Ma^^ 
Protestant subjects dissenting from the said Church of England from 
the pennaltyes of certaine Lawes according to the letter and purport 
of the said Act. — Given under my hand the day and yeare above 
written. Boger Eenyon, 

ClTcus pacis ibm. 

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The amount of ^^wage"^ collected for Mr. Finches maintenance 
whilst thus exercising his office was ^16 per.annum, and the contri- 
butors to the fund numbered fifty individuals, including Mr. George 
Birch, whose name^ however, does not occur as countenancing 
dissent in the efforts which were afterwards made to establish it in 
the township. On the 30th of May 1699, a meeting was convened 
of those inhabitants who were desirous of securing a continuance of 
Mr. Finches ministrations, when the following resolutions were 
adopted : — 

1. Wee whose names are hereunto subscribed doe declare our 

earnest and hearty desire that there may be a Building 
erected for the Worshipp of Gk>d ffor the benefitt and conve- 
nience of that congregation w<^ now attends upon the 
ministry of Mr. ffinche. 

2. Wee doe promise and declare that wee will duely attend the 

worshipp of Gtod in such place when erected. 
S. ffurther wee doe promise to contribute to the maintenance of 
such Dissenting Minister or Ministers as shall be unani- 
mously elected to officiate in the said place. 
This document is signed by twenty-four individuals, including 
Mr. Raphe Worsley and Mr. Ebenezer Edge. 

The next step was to raise the requisite ftmds for giving effect to 
their wishes. A site, the south-east comer of a close called the 
Blake Flatt, in extent about twenty roods, was given by Mr. Raphe 
Worsley, who contributed in addition the sum of £10; Mr. Finch 
gave £20; and with the following smaller donations the pro- 
moters were soon enabled to begin the work : — 

£ 8. d. 

Mr. Edge of Warrington 6 

Bichard Whittaker 5 

Mr. Thomas Butterworth 1 10 

Mr. Alexander Boardman 1 10 

Mr. Birche, minister 10 

Adam Barlow 10 

ObadiahHuhne 10 


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Mr. Charles Worelej 10 

Mra^Okell 10 

Francis Wood 10 

Mr. Siddall 10 

Mad, Gill 10 

Mrs. Loyd , 10 

The structure was of brick, and it is on record that 39,008 bricks 
were required to complete it. The chief items of disbursement 
were : — 

£ s. d. 

flTor Brickes 19 10 

ffor 56 Loads of Lime at 18^ per load 4 4 

Peter Ryland, Bricksetter 4 2 6 

Bandle Thorneley &c. ffor Slate 4 15 6 

ffor Timber 10 

Jeremiah Eirsley for Slateinge and Mosse ... 2 13 8 
ffor Boardes for Doores and Weatheringe and 

for 50 yards of sparrs at 3^ per yard 2 8 2 

Three Loades of fflaggs and carriage 17 6 

ffor meate, drinke, ale. Pipes and Tobaccer att 

y« Bearinge, being y« sixth day of October.. 19 
ffor Glass six score and foure foote at 4^^ y« 

foot 2 6 6 

The Smith for Bandes for Doores w^ Barres 

and Bolts and window rods 1 12 10 

ffor Becordinge our Ohappell 16 

ffor the Pulpitt Quishion 13 3 

John Odcroft's Bill for y« Pulpitt, Sounder, 

seates, wainscott &c 18 7 11 

The total amount expended on the chapel was about ^95. It 
was not completed until the close of the year 1700. At its inaugu- 
ration Mr. Grimshaw officiated, and received five shillings for his 

In ] 706 a formal conveyance of the chapel was made to certain 
trustees by Mr. Baphe Worsley. By Indentures of Lease and 

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Release, dated respectively October 25 and 26, 1706, Baph Worsley 
conveys to Charles Worsley, his heir apparent, John Finch the 
elder, Ebenezer Edge, Bichard Whittaker, John Siddall, Eleazer 
Birch, Francis Wood the elder, Bobert Walker, Bobert Bradshaw 
the elder, Obadiah Hulme and Thomas Shelnierdine, their heirs and 
assigns, the said edifice, chapel, oratory and meeting-place and the 
said parcel of land wherein the same now stands, to hold unto the said 
grantees their heirs and assigns for ever ; upon trust that the said 
grantor and grantees and their heirs shall permit the said edifice, 
chapel and oratory from time to time and at all times thereafter so 
long as the law of this realm will permit, connive at, tolerate, allow 
or indulge the same to be used as a meeting-place and assembly of a 
particular church or congregation of Protestants dissenting from the 
Church of England for the free exercise of their divine and religious 
worship therein, on such days and times by such minister and 
ministers as in the said indenture of release are mentioned, and shall 
be qualified according to the true intent and meaning of an act of 
parliament made in the first year of the reign of King William and 
Queen Mary, entitled *' an act ibr exempting their majesties^ Pro- 
testant subjects dissenting from the Church of England from the 
penalties of certain laws,^^ or according to some other act of parlia- 
ment thereafter to be made in favour of such dissenting ^Protestants ; 
and that the said small parcel of land shall be used at all times for 
the convenience and better enjoyment of the said chapel ; and that 
no person shall be interred within the said chapel or parcel of ground 
without the consent of the major part of the said trustees in writing 
made under their hands (except the said trustees and their families) ; 
and that if the law of this realm will not permit the performance of 
the said trusts or such public and religious worship as aforesaid, that 
then the said trustees and their heirs shall and may convert and 
dispose of the said edifice and small parcel of ground to such pious 
and charitable uses as the said trustees or the major part of them 
shall think most fit ; and that for the better continuance of the said 
trust and supply of new trustees when nine or fewer of the said 

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trustees shall be dead, then the survivors of them shall elect niue or 
more or fewer other able, sufficient^ sober, honest and religious 
persons most likely to favour and promote the said uses and trusts to 
be trustees with them or him so surviving; and in like manner 
elections of trustees to be made from time to time for ever when 
there shall be but three or fewer trustees living; and that after such 
election and elections the surviving trustees shall with all convenient 
speed hj good conveyances convey and assure the said edifice and 
small parcel of ground to such persons and their heirs as shall bo so 
elected, to the use as well of the person or persons so conveying and 
of their or his heirs as of the persons so newly elected and their heirs 
under and upon the trusts in the reciting indenture directed and 
none other. 

The trust-deed of the chapel requires *' the minister or ministers 
or teachers of the said congregation to be a Protestant able minister 
or ministers of the gospel, who is of the Presbyterian judgment and 
practice as to church discipline and government, and not of any j 

other persuasion, and to pray and preach God'^s word, administer the I 

sacraments of the New Testament, and perform all offices and duties 
belonging to that sacred function there, so as every such minister or 
ministers shall be orthodox and sound in the faith of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, and such as hold and profess the doctrinal articles of the 
Church of England, required to be subscribed by the pastor or 
teacher of such congregations, and as are qualified by an act,'^ &c., 
[the Toleration Act.] 

The following platform or ground-plan, with the allotment of 
seats, dates from the time of the erection of the chapel : — 

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r23 r2 3 fl 6 6 









■s i 










-C 2 

Isaac KicholaoD, Fallowfield, 

Jamee Arstindall, senr., 2 seates. 
Jno. Dickanion, 2 aeatea. 

Jno. Smith. 

Thomaa Blcooke^ four aeatea. 

Hezekiah Aspinwall, 2 Mates. 
George ffletoner, 2 seatee. 

Daniell Burton. 
William Wood. 

Edward Hulme. 
Jno. Hnlme. 

Com. EaUe 
anH pulpit. 



^ I 




Mr. Worsley. 


Joseph Aloodke, two seates. 
Edward Langford, two seates. 

Jonathan Benshaw, ffonr seates. 

Mr.Worsleys serrantes, three seates. 
William Mosse wife, one seate. 

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Piatt Chapel has received from time to time varions donations 
and bequests towards the formation of an endowment-fund for the 
support of a resident minister. The following, though probably an 
incomplete list, includes most of the contributions towards that 
object : — 

1. Extract from the will of Raphe Worsley, dated June 11, 
1725 : — ^^ I give and bequeath one hundred pounds sterling to my 
son Mr. Charles "Worsley and Mr. Peter Worsley my grandson, in 
trust that the lawful interest thereof shall be yearly paid and given 
to such orthodox, gospel, dissenting, preaching minister as shall be 
constantly resident at Piatt Chapel or meeting-place for public 
worship ; and if liberty in or at any time to come shall be restrained, 
it is then my will and mind that the interest and produce of the said 
one hundred pounds be given and bestowed for the benefit and relief 
of the most religious poor people, whether housekeepers or others, 
within Busholme, Fallowfield and Birchall Houses, at the discretion 
of my executors and their successors for the time being.**^ 

2. Abstract of the will of John Dickenson of Levenshulme, dated 
September 11, 1750:— Proved at Chester August 22, 1763. He 
gives and devises all his messuage and tenement, &c., in Levens- 
hulme to his brother-in-law Thomas Whitelegg and his heirs, on 
trust that the said Thomas Whitelegg shall within twelve months 
next after testator^s decease pay unto the several persons hereinafter 
named the several sums of money hereinafter mentioned ; i.e. to his 
wife Alice, his brother Robert Dickenson, his sister Mary Dicken- 
son, his brother-in-law Thomas Fletcher and Elizabeth his wife, 
testator^s cousins John Worthington and Robert Worthington, his 
brother Robert Oldham, James Thorp and Thomas Richardson, the 
sum of d£20 each; unto his brother-in-law James Whitelegg ^10; 
to John Pearson and Thomas Pearson (sons of his brother-in-law 
John Pearson), his cousins Thomas Worthington, Alice Oldham 
(mother of the said Robert Oldham), his brothers-in-law Richard 
Vost and Thomas Vost, his cousins John Worthington, Daniel 
Hampson, William son of testator's brother-in-law Thomas Nichol- 
son, the Rev. Mr. John Whitaker and Richard Whitaker his son 

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£5 each. To his executors (Thomas Whitelegg^ Richard Whitaker 
and Bobert WorthiDgton) he gives the sum of ^60 in trust that they 
*' distribute and divide the same amongst such industrious and 
necessitous persons residing within the township of Levenshulme 
aforesaid not receiving public alms or relief, in such shares and 
proportions as they my said executors or the survivors of them shall 
in their discretion think meet. And unto Charles Worsley of Piatt 
Esq., Peter Worsley of the same Esq., John Siddall of Slade within 
Withington Gent., the said Richard Whittaker, Thomas Irlam of 
Withington. Gent., and Thomas Fletcher of Levenshulme aforesaid 
Gent., Thomas Siddall of Bumage Gent., Thomas Fletcher of 
Withington aforesaid G^nt.^ and George Hobson of Levenshulme 
aforesaid yeoman, the sum of £100 upon trust, and to the intent 
and purpose that the said Charles Worsley, &c., do and shall from 
time to time and at all times hereafter put the same sum of ^100 
out at interest, and the interest and produce thereof yearly pay and 
apply to and for the use and benefit and for the better support and 
maintenance of such Protestant minister of the gospel, dissenting 
from the Church of England, as for the time being shall preach or 
officiate at or in the chapel or place of meeting of Protestant dis- 
senters for the public exercise of religious worship in Rusholme in 
the said county of Lancaster^ commonly called or known by the 
name of Piatt Chapel. And for the better and more effectual 
management and continuance of the same trust I do hereby order 
and direct that when the same trustees shall (by death) be reduced 
to the number of three survivors^ then such survivors or the survivors 
or survivor of them shall with all convenient speed after such reduc- 
tion elect and choose so many honest, sober and religious persons to 
be trustees concerning the same premises as will with the then 
surviving old trustees complete and make up the number of nine 
trustees^ and such surviving trustees shall assign the securities that 
shall be had and taken for the said lastr mentioned sum of .PI 00, so 
that the legal interest of and in the said securities shall and may be 
vested in such old and new trustees upon the trust aforesaid, and 
that the like method and course shall be had and practised firom 

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time to time and at all times hereafter when and as often as the 
trustees for the time being shall be reduced to the number of three/^ 

3. Bj her will (date unknown) Mrs. Margaret Johnson be- 
queathed the sum of £100 towards the endowment of the chapel, 
the interest to be applied yearly for that purpose. Her executor was 
Mr; John Oarill Worsley. 

4. By her will (date unknown) Mrs. Fletcher of Levenshulme 
bequeathed the sum of ^20 with a like object. 

5. By his will (date unknown, but supposed to be about 1799) 
Bobert Hyde of Bumage gives and bequeaths ''unto the minister for 
the time being of the dissenting chapel at Piatt in the said parish 
of Manchester for eyer^ in case that chapel shall continue what is 
generally called a dissenting chapel, the sum of £5 yearly and every 
year to be paid to the minister for the time being by my executors 
on every the 25th day of December." 

In 1810 the trust^money of the chapel, amounting to the sum of 
^566 2s. 8d. was expended in the purchase of chief rents in Stock- 
port, which produce £S5 7s. 8d. per annum. 

In ] 790-1 the chapel was taken down and rebuilt in its present 
form on the old site; it was re-opened for public worship May 11, 

The first minister of Piatt Chapel was, as already stated, the 
Bev. Henry Finch. He did not long survive the erection of the 
chapel, dying in 1704 in the seventy-second year of his age. His 
successor was the Bev. Bobert Hesketh, one of Frankland'^s pupils, 
whose academy at Bathmel in Yorkshire he entered in 1692. After 
completing his course of study he appeared as a candidate at the 
provincial meeting of Lancashire ministers at Bolton on the 14th of 
April 1696, and again in Manchester on the 4th of August in the 
same year. He began his ministry as pastor of a congregation of 
nonconformists at Camforth near Lancaster, where he also married. 
On the death of the Bev. Henry Finch in 1 704 he removed to Piatt. 
During his residence here, which continued till 1712, he contracted 
a second marriage April 6, 1708, with Miss Hannah Sykes of 
Leeds. Little is known of his subsequent life. 

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The Bey. John Whitaker was next in suceeasion to Mr. Hesketh. 
He was ordained at Enntsford August 3, 1714, and for his thesis 
advocated the affirmatiYe of the question ^* An in£Btntes fidelium sint 
baptizandi f^ At the time of Mr. Whitaker's settlement at PUtt 
Chapel his congregation numbered two hundred and fifty persons. 
His ministrations there terminated with his death in 1752. The 
next minister was the Bev. Bobert Andrews. He was a native of 
Bolton, and a member of an eminent nonconformist fiuuily which 
had been seated for nearly two centuries at Little Lever and 
Bivington. He received his theological education under Dr. Oaleb 
Botheram at Kendal, and having completed the usual course of 
study entered upon the duties of his profession at Piatt Chapel. The 
precise period of Mr. Andrew^s stay is uncertain, but it did not 
exceed three years. He afterwards presided over a Presbyterian 
congregation at Bridgenorth, where he remained until mental 
derangement compelled him to withdraw from the pulpit.' He was 
a man of considerable scholarship and taste. In 1 757 he published 
a volume of poems entitled '^ Eidyllia,'*' to which he prefixed a 
violent attack upon rhyme. Some time previously he had sent to 
the press ^* Animadversions on Dr. Brown's Essays on the Charac- 
teristics,'^ and a Criticism on the Sermons of his friend the Bev. 
John Holland. His latest work was a '^ Translation of Virgil in blank 
verse,^* which is not destitute of merit, though it has the strange 
peculiarity of conveying the sense of his author line for line. This 
handsome volume in Baskerville's type now finds a place among the 
curiosities of literature. Mr. Andrews married Miss Hannah 
Hazlewood, and died about the year 1766. The pulpit of Piatt 
Ghapel was next filled by the Bev. John Houghton, a native of 
Liverpool^ bom in 17S0, whose studies for the ministry were 
pursued partly at Northampton under Dr. Doddridge, and partly at 
the University of Glasgow. This was his first settlement. In 1755 
he married Mary Pendlebury, a connexion of the Worsleys of Piatt, 
the marriage-settlement being dated June 21st in that year ; and in 
1 758 he removed to Hyde in Cheshire, and subsequently to Nant- 

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wich, Elland and Wem. About the year 1788 he again removed to 
Norwich, where his son, the Bev. Pendlebury Houghton, was settled 
as one of the ministers of the Octagon Chapel, and where he opened 
a classical school. Here he died in April 1800, aged seventy. The 
next minister in succession was the Rev. Richard Meanley, one of 
Dr. Galeb Botheram's pupils, who removed to Piatt from Nant- 
wich in the year 1758, and continued there till his death in 1794. 
The chapel was now supplied by students for the next three years. 
In 1797 the Rev. George Checkley, who had received his education 
at Daventry under Dr. Caleb Ashworth, and been settled in the 
ministry for upwards of thirty years at Hyde and Orraskirk, was 
invited to Piatt, and spent there the last ten years of his life. He 
died February 6, 1807, in the sixty-third year of his age, and was 
twice married, his second wife being a sister of the late Mr. Touohet 
of Manchester. Mr. Checkley had an estate at Ashley near 
Altringham, to which he had retired previously to his last settlement 
with the intention of passing there the remainder of his days, but 
the proximity and society of Mr. Worsley and a numerous circle of 
personal, literary and religious friends in Manchester drew him from 
his retirement, and probably rendered this last the happiest period of 
his life. For three years after the death of Mr. Checkley the chapel 
was temporarily supplied by the Rev. Joseph Lawton Siddall till 
the year 1810, when the present minister,* the Rev. William White- 
legge, removed from Full wood near Bristol, where he had resided a 
year or two, to take charge of the congregation at Piatt. 

The earliest return of the population of Rusholme is in the year 
1714, at which time it contained but 40 families, representing 
probably an aggregate of 200 persons. Of these families five were 
dissenters. In 1774 the number of families had increased to 67, 
consisting of 351 individuals, and residing in 63 houses. Of its then 
inhabitants one hundred and fifty were under the age of 15 years; 
forty-three above 50 ; nine above 60 ; eight above 70 ; and three 
above 80. In 1801 the population had reached 726; in 1811 it 

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/ amounted to 796; in 1821 to 913; in 1831 to 1,078; in 1841 to 
1,868; and in 1851 to 3,679, being an increase on the past ten 
years of 97 per cent. 

In 1655 the township contained 14 ratepayers, but no separate 
return is made of the amount of rate collected, it being included in 
the total of Withington. Amongst the names of the Busholme 
ratepayers at this period are Mr. Worsley, Mr. Worsley of Heild 
house, Lieutenant- Colonel Worsley and George Worsley. In 
Birchall houses, Thomas Birch Esq., Mr. Siddall of Slade, Captain 
Edge and Thomas Birch. In 1854 the ratepayers numbered 1,027, 
and the rate collected was .£^981 lis. 7d. ; the gross value of 
property in the tov^nship rated for the poor being ^32^287 Os. 3d. 

In 1692 the annual value of real property in Busholme, as 
assessed to the land-lax, was ^146 13s. 4d. In 1815 its value, as 
assessed to the county-rate, was d£3,608; in 1829, j£5,748; in 
1841, £15,281 ; and in 1853, £27,903. 

In 1854 there were in Busholme 69 county voters. The number 
of public-houses was two, and of beer-houses sixteen. The London 
and North Western Bailway passes through the township. There 
is no river or canal, neither is there a mill or manufactory of any 
kind. The Wesleyans, Independents, Baptists and Unitarians have 
each a place of worship. 

The superficial area of Busholme, as given by Messrs. Johnson in 
their survey, is 960 acres; the Ordnance Survey returned it at 
973a. 3r. 15p. ; Mr. Bickman^s Computation in the Census Betums 
of 1831 is 1,040 acres, which corresponds with the return of the 
Tithe Conmiissioners. In the year 1844 the lands of the township 
were divided amongst one hundred and twenty owners, of whom the 
following are the principal : — 

A. R. p. 

Anson, Sir John William Hamilton Bart. (Birch 

Hall,&c.) 220 2 21 

Worsley, Thomas Carill Esq. (Piatt estate, &c.).. 153 I 22 

Egerton, Wilbraham Esq 99 3 6 

Bushton, Edward, Executor of 53 38 

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Holford, John Esq 60 8 19 

Deniaon, Joseph Esq 39 1 29 

Siddall, John Esq. (Slade Hall) 24 9 

Oobden, Richard Esq 21 2 89 

Assuming the area to be 1,040 acres it was divided as follows : — * 
Arable land, 20 acres; meadow and pasture, 960 acres; site of 
buildings, 60 acres. Victoria Park lies towards the north of the 
township. It consists of about 200 acres of land, laid out in 
gardens, ornamental grounds, roads, &c., for villa residences. The 
Victoria Park Tontine was projected in 1836, with a capital of 
^750,000, in 7,500 shares of £100 each. In 1850 sixty-five houses 
had been already erected in the park, the inmates numbering about 
890 persons. 

Busholme has no [charity exclusively its own ; it participates, 
however, in several endowments which extend their operations over 
the entire parish of Manchester. 

The hamlet of Longsight, though in part within Busholme, is 
situated chiefly within the township of Gk>rton. Its description and 
history will fall, therefore, more legitimately under the head of the 
latter township. 

A Roman road intersects the township^ and according to 
Whitaker^ ^^ appears advancing towards Manchester from the 
south-east^ traversing the whole breadth of the parish on the 
souths and still carrying a considerable ridge in several parts of it. 
It is particularly conspicuous at Birch^ and is popularly repre- 
sented as a breast- work thrown up against the Danes^ and deno- 
minated Nico (or DeviFs) Ditch.'*** This description by Whitaker 
is not^ however^ quite correct^ the historian having confounded the 
name of a neighbouring Saxon dyke or embankment with the old 
Boman road which is separate and distinct from it. 

Becent investigations^ show the Boman road to be an ancient 

> Whitaker's History of MancheHer, yoI. i. pp. 235-6, second edition. 
s Communicated by Mr. John Higson, of Droylsden, author of the Gorton JR«- 
torical Recorder. 

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▼icinal way. By the inhabitants of the locality it is designated as 
the ''Pink Pank Lane/' and it is generally known as the old 
London Boad. The old people state it was currently believed in 
their younger days that one branch went firom Rochdale and 
another from Manchester (uniting in the hamlet of Kirkmanshulme 
in the township of Newton Heath) to Macclesfield, and 6x)m 
thence to London. After leaving Levenshulme, near the junction 
of that township, Beddish and Gorton, it crosses the Nico Ditch 
and enters the township of Gorton shortly afterwards, taking a 
turn and proceeding along a portion of the margin of the Gk>rton 
race-course (where it is laid to the field) ; directly after leaving 
the course at the south-west angle, it exists in something like its 
primitive state until it enters Kirkmanshulme, where it presently 
afterwards divides into two heads, one passing Enutsford Yale 
Printworks, and winding backwards up Ked Lane, re-enters the 
township of (Norton. It next diverges where the lane is crossed 
by the Hyde road, and after a few more turns crosses the Gorton 
or Com Brook, and enters the township of Openshaw. This 
portion is known as "Th* Owd Green Jjone." After passing over 
the old and new Ashton roads it proceeds through Philips' Park, 
and thence to Bochdale. Betuming to Crow Croft, Kirkmans- 
hulme, the other branch passes on to the Stockport road, and for 
a short distance blends or identifies itself with that ancient Boman 
road, crossing the Bush-brook with it at Bushford, but shortly 
afterwards diverging to the left, where it is modernised for a con- 
siderable distance, but still retains the name of Birch Lane. Near 
Birch School (at the back of St. John's, Longsight), it takes a 
sudden turn, where doubtless Whitaker saw it; it proceeds 
through Birch Hall fold, and thence probably winds round to old 

Another striking feature in the geography of Busholme town- 
ship, and which may be placed side by side with the preceding, 
the better to mark the distinction which Whitaker has failed to 
recognise, is the Nico or Nicker Ditch, a rivulet or stream, and a 

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rampart of earth raised^ according to tradition^ by the Saxons as a 
defence against their inyaders the Danes^ who towards the close 
of the ninth centory seized upon Manchester^ and ravaged the 
surrounding country. Its formation was apparently anterior to 
the general cultivation of the land through which it passes^ if not 
to the colonization of the district ; else why is it that it acts as a 
boundary to so many townships ? Its source or commencement is 
found to be in the Audenshaw division of the parish of Ashton- 
under-Lyne^ on the site of Ashton Moss ; it seems here to be a 
natural stream^ and acts as a drain to a portion of that morass. 
Crossing the Ashton New Road a little to the south-east of 
Droylsden Churchy and running under the canal it begins its 
functions at Ashuett Lane by dividing Droylsden from Auden-* 
shaw. Winding obliquely round the hamlet of Fairfield it re- 
nounces Droylsden and embraces Openshaw; passing under the 
Old Ashton Boad near Se^nthoms Wells (Seven Thorns Wells^ 
from a tradition that seven thorns anciently grew there) and 
crossing the Manchester^ Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway^ it 
begins to form the Waterworks Reservoir. It now changes 
Openshaw for Gorton, after receiving a tributary brook from 
Dane Wood, Audenshaw. The united stream (Gore Brook) now 
forsakes the ancient embankment, and proceeds through Gtorton, 
Kirkmanshulme, Rusholme, &;c. (at Birch Church it again falls 
into the embankment line) ; at Longsight it is named the Rush, 
and gives name to a hamlet Rushford, at the place where the old 
Roman road and vicinal way conjointly passed over it, and also to 
the township of Rusholme. Returning once more to the line of 
division, it runs nearly in the centre of the higher reservoir, faith- 
fully embracing Gorton, from hence to the Midway, Stockport 
road. On the opposite side, near ''Deb-dale Lane/' the ditch 
may be traced leaving Audenshaw for Denton, crossing the Hyde 
road, the old Denton road, the Stockport Canal, &c., leaving 
Denton for Reddish, and shortly after (near Winning Hill) 
leaving Reddish for Levenshulme ; then crossing the vicinal way 

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(Pink Pank Lane) it proceeds straight forwards to the Midway^ 
Stockport road, where Gk>rton gives place to Busholme (it here 
forms the ring fence of the Slade Hall estate); it flows on in 
rather an oblique direction until it regains the Gore or Rush 
Srook near Birch Church, Rusholme (which brook is said to be 
the site of the embankment), until it arrives near Ouse Moss. It 
is a singular fact that the hedge is on the Gorton or Manchester 
side all along, which seems to imply that when the land was first 
divided into fields, the remains of the old breast-work were used 
as a cop or backing, the thorns being simply planted upon it. 

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A A 

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(pp. 2-6.^ 

1. — Sciant p'sentes et futuri q^ ego Math" fii Mathi de Hay^sege 
dedi &c. Bic' de Trafford viginti acras f re p pticam viginti dao pedm 
ppinquiore de ToUache^ incipiendo ad magna mussam et ascendendo 
Gosselache nsq^ ad divisas de Plat et sic a divisis de Plat i trans- 
yerso versus Grenclow-lache ae com pastur' in villa de Wyddine ; 
Tend et Hend de me &c. sibi et hedib3 suis exceptis viris reli- 
giosis et judeis. Redd inde annu m^ et hedib} meis una calcaria 
fern vt tres denarios argenti p omi seculari servicio ad Annunc' be 
Marie salva mihi et meis una via debita et usitata versus Mam- 
oestf . Hiis te8tib3 Dno Ada de Biri^ fre yvone canonico de Bello 
capic' [Brother Ivo, canon of Bello Campo^ %.e. Beauchief Abbey 
in Derbyshire]^ Wi&o de Didesbar', Bic de Most'^ Bob Bedig' et 
aliis. — [s. d.] — Trafford Evidences, Lane. MSB. 

Indorsed : " Fossa Rici traflFord jux* Goselache/' — Seal : Green 
wax imperf. bearing arms of Hathersage db havbbsechb. 

2. — Sciant Sec. Ego Nicholaus de Longeford dnus de Wy- 
thinton dedi &c. Henrico de TrafiEbrd militi quamdam plaoeam 
vasti mei in villa de Wytbinton infra has divisas incipiendo ad 

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Ooslache ad le Hontlon del Plat sequendo. viam regale versus 
borial usq^ in Orenlowlache et sic descend Orenlow lache usc^ 
occidental usq^ in Kemlache et sic de Kemlache ex transverso 
versus australem p puteos et fossata facta usq^ in Le Yhildhouse 
digth et sic ascendendo U8% in Goslache et sic ascendendo Gos- 
lache usq^ in pMcm Hontlone del Plat q^ est p'ma divisa. Hend 
et Tend de me pMco Henr' et hedib3 de corpe suo legit' pcreat^ 
Redd septemdecim solid argenti ad duos anu^ term' viz. medietaf 
ad festu Annunci b Marie et aliam medietate ad festu sci Mich^ 
p oib} serviciis secularib3. Et si contingat pdct Henr' obiere sine 
berede de corpe rao legif pcreat' ; rem mihi et hedib3 mei. Hiis 
testib} Doin Bico de Byronu milite^ Mag' Ricardo de Trafford 
rectore ecclie de Chedle^ Ricardo de Hulton^ Johe de Asshton 
Johe de bulton^ Robfo de Asshton et aliis. Datu ap^ Wythinton 
' die Veneris in fest' sci Mathie apostoli A^* Edwardi fiUi Edwardi 

Indorsed: "Yeeldhouse redd xvy» 11 Edw. 2." Seal: White 
paste, bearing shield with arms of Longford. Legend : sigillvm 
NIGH DE LONGFORD. — Ttaffwd Evidences, Lane. M8S. 

8. — Oib} xpi fid fcc, Symon de Gousil saKm &c. — Noverit' 
me concess' remiss' &;c. Henrico de Trafford &c. homag* et servic 
trium soUditar' quidam annu redd' et omnia alia exactio' et 
demand' in quib} mihi tenebatur de quadam tenemeto q^ de me 
tenuit in Withinton q^ vocatur le Gyldehousys p concessione &c. 
q^m Roger' de Penilbury michi fecit p cartam suam q^ quid"^ 
homag' et servic p'fat' Henr* et an'cessores sui face solebant p'fato 
Rogero et antecessorib} suis p p'dco tenem' q^ de me an'ces- 
sorib} meis tenuit ; Redd' duob3 solid' annuaf . Hiis testib3 Dno 
Galfrido de Bracebrigge, Galfrido de Chadirton, Rico de Rade- 
clive^ Thom de Heton^ Robto de Shorsworth^ Ric5 de Moston et 
aliis. — [s. d.] — Trafford Evidences, Lane, MSS. 

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4. — 0Tb3 &c. Rog' de Penilbury salfm in dno semp'. NoTerit' 
me concessisse assignasse remisisse &c. Henrico de Trafford ator- 
nato et assignato Symonis de Gousul militis homagiu et servidu 
trimn soliditar'' cujusdam annu redditus et omnimodas alias exac- 
coes et demandas quas ab eodem Henric' v^l hedib} suis exig'e 
pof o de quadam tenemeto qne yocatur Gyldehousis in Wythinton 
qne quide tenemen' ego dcs Bog' de p'fato Symone capitali dno 
meo tenni in eadem villa. Hiis testib} Dno Galfrido de Brace- 
^^8e» Oalfro de Chadirton^ Bico de Badeclive^ Thoma de Heton^ 
Bobfo de Shorisworthe, Bico de Moston et aliis. — [s. d.] — IVq/- 
ford Evidences, Lane, M8S. 

5. — Sciant p'sentes et fdtnri q^ ego Helias filius BobH 
[? Bogi] de Feuelburie dedi &c. Henrico filio Boberti filii Badulphi 
de Trafford pro homagio et servido suo totam terram de Gilde- 
hnsestide cu p'tin inter has divisas scilicet de Goselache usq^ ad 
pnllum ubi Matheus filius Willelmi levavit fossatum ad verten- 
dam aquam ad molendinom suum^ et per pullum descendeudo iisq^ 
ad fossatum qnod ego fed^ et ita per iUud fossatum us% ad mussam^ 
et de mussa usq^ ad Goselache — cum communione onmium liber- 
tatnm quas liberi homines predict! Mathei domini mei habent sicut 
carta testatur quam habeo de predicto Matheo de prefata terra. 
Beddendo inde annuatim mihi quatuor solidos pro omni servido 
et consuetudP, et duos solidos prenominat' Math fil Willi et hed 
qni habebunt unam viam per Alsedum prefate terre p'scpti Henrici 
ad carianda fena sua. Hiis testib3 Bicardo filio Henrici, BoHo de 
Bnrunn, Bicardo de Perepont, Witto de Badeclive, Alexandro filio 
Gilberti de Harewode, Henrico filio Gtdfridi de Mamecestr, Petro 
de BumhiU, Alexandro de Pilkinton, Matheo de Bcdich, Hugone 
de Stretford, Ada de Ormeston, BobSo filio Hugonis de Mascy, 
Bicardo clico de Mamecestr. — TVafford Evidences, Lane, MSS. 

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6» — Sciant &c. q^ ego Niohus de Longeforde dBus de Wythinton 
concessi et reddidi Henr' de Trafford militi et hedib3 snis et oib 
eor' tenentib3 in Wythinton die cocessionis huj? indent nt jus 
commune sue comuna turbarie in comun turbarie die Yhildhons 
mosse ad turbas fodendas sctand et capiend p voluntate eor' ad 
tenementa sua in Wythinton. Ita scilicet q^ liceat pdico Henr' 
et hedib3 suis ac oib} eor' tenentib} in Wythinton cartare turbas 
sine molest et absq^ impedim. Hiis testib} Dno Ricardo Byron 
milite^ mag^ Ric5 de Tra£ford rectore ecclie de ChedlCj Bicardo de 
Hulton^ Johe de Asshton^ Johe de Hulton^ Bobto de Asshton et 
aliis. Dat ap^ Wythington die Yen'is in festo S^ Mathie apostoli 
anno regni regis Edwardi filii regis Edwardi undecimo [1317.] — 
Trafford Evidences, Lane. M88. — [Seal : White paste, " Sigillvm 
Nich. de Longford/' with shield of arms.] 

7. — Sciant &c. Ego Math* Cissor* de Mamecestr* dedi &c. 
Nichd fil Henr' de Trafford militis oes terras meas et tenementa 
in Bysshum in viH de Wythinton sine aliquo retenemeto et tenend' 
dcto Nicbo et hedib) de corpe suo legit' pcreat cu oib} libtatib} in 
boscis planis s'viciis. Et si contingat q^ p'dcus Nichol' obiere sine 
hered' de corpore suo legit' pcreaf &;c. ; rem Galfrido fri ejusdem 
Nichi, rem Thome fri ei, rem' Bobto fri ejusdem Thome, rem Bico 
fri Bobt', rem' Henrico fri ejusdem Bici. Hiis testib} Henr' de 
Trafford milite Bico de Trafford fre ei°> Matheo de Haydock, Bico 

de Moston, Johe fit Thome de Ashton, WiHo de B clico et 

aliis. Datu ap^ Bysshum die Ascension" dni anno Edwardi fii 
regis Edwardi nono. — Trafford Evidences, Lane. MSS. 

Indorsed: "Carta de terr* in Bisholme." Seal: White paste. 
Legend : sioil math de c [rest imperfect.] 

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Family of Bubholme. 
(pp, 6, 6.J 

1. — Sciant oms psntes & futi q^ ego Hnr^ de Bussu dedi & 
^cessi & Lac psenti carta mea ^firmavi Galf' fil Luq de Mamme« 
cestr' p homagio & servico suo q ndam pte t're mee infra divisas 
de Russu videl} onu mesuagiu ad capd pti mei in pte a^lon juS 
Hattelone & longitudine ^udeci pcatas & latitudine ^tuor pcatas & 
imam ac'm f re cuf unu capd extendit se ad illam t'ram & alid 
capd Vsus pomeriu meu & unam ac^'m pti in pto de Russu & unam 
ac'm t're cui^ unu capd extend ad illu ptu & alid capd i lemenegate 
Vsus occidente & unam dimid ac^'m t're cuiP capd unu extendit se 
Vsus pdcam ac"m & alid capd i goselache & una selione q vocat^ le 
qwikehaggedelonde cui? unu capd extend se i goselache & alid cap 
i lemenegate & unam dimid ac'm t're cui^ unu extend se i le hutte- 
lone & alid cap i goselache & sex ac"s t're q jacent jux t'ra Hug de 
Asselu qr unu cap extendit se i goselache & alid cap i vet' foyeii. 
Hend & Tenda de mQ & hedib} meis s^ & hedib} suis libe quete & 
padfice cu com! past'a & cu oib} libtatib) & aysiamtis ville de Bussu 
ptinHb} Reddendo inde annuati m^ & hedib3 meis de se & hedib3 
suis unu par albar' cyrothecar' ad natale dni p omi servico exaccoe 
& demanda ego v^ & hedes mei tota pdcam tra cu ptinenciis pdco 
Galfr' & hedib} suis ^ta oms holes & femias warentizabim^ im- 
ppetuii. Et ut h mea donaco rata sit & stabil huic psnti scpto 
fiigillu meu apposui^ hiis testib} Dno Will de Heeton^ Bob. de 
Bedich^ Bob. de Aston, Symon fil Luc, Jord fil eid & Ad &e suo, 
Henr* fil Huhelet & aliis. — Birch Evidences, penes Sir John Wil- 
liam Hamilton Anson, Bart. 

The seal, which is pendant and oval in shape, is of green wax 
and in remarkably good preservation, bears in the centre a device, 
a lozenge divided into four parts by two cross-crosslets which in- 
tersect each other. The legend : sioil henri de rusum. 

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2. — Sd omib} psens sept visur* yel audit^ q* ego Hricns de 
Biisschu mera & spontanea volutate mea remisi & qet clamavi p 
me & hredib} meis dno meo dno Matheo de Hatirseg' & hfedib3 
Buis homagiu & servissciu Galfridi filii Luc de Mamecest'a & hredu 
suo^ & totius terre q"^ idem GtJfiidus tenoit in villa Buschu seal 
Tinu par cirothecar^ albar^ annuati ad pentecosten. Ita soil q^ no 
liceat m^ n^' hredib3 meis yel alicui note meo vel hredu meo^ aliq^ 
ius vel clamiu in homagio & servisscio dH Oalfridi filii Luc vel 
hredu suo^ vel terre q°^ id G. de me t^nuit in villa de Buschum in 
possum vendicare vel optinere. Et in hm? rei testimoniu huic 
psenti scpto sigillum meu apposui^ hiis testib} Dno Galfr' de Chet- 
ham, Bobfo de Biru, Wifto le Noreis, Bic de T"fford, Symone fii 
Luc de Mamecestr', Johe de Leya clerico & aliis. — Birch Evidences, 
penes Sir John William Hamilton Anson^ Bart. 

3. — Sciant omes psentes & futi q^ ego Hnr' de Bussu penif 
(^eteclamavi Galf. filio Luc de Mamecestr' & hedib} suis 71 assig- 
uatis suis totu ius q^ heo vl hre poto in viginti acris tre cfs tenet 
de Bob' de Hulton i villa de Bussu. Ita <)dem q^ nee ego n^' ali^i 
hedum meo^ aliq^ ius vl clameum i p'dcis viginti acris t're cii 
ptinenciis de ceto exig'e pot^im" imppetuu. Et q'a volo q^ h mea 
q'eteclamacio rata & stabilis p manet huic psnti scpto sigillu meu 
apposui^ hiis te8tib3 Galf' de Ghetha, Bob. de Burii^ Will de 
Heeton^ Bob. de Bedich^ Bic. de Mostoii, Symon fil Luc^ Bic. fii 
Banl> Ad. de Fameworke, Henr* fil Huheloth & aliis. — Birch 
Evidences, penes Sir John William Hamilton Anson, Bart. 

Seal pendant : A fleur-de-lis. Legend : hbn&icus bussum. 

4. — Sciant omS tam psentes q m futi q* ego Henric' de Bussum 
dedi ^cessi & hac psenti carta mea^firmavi Hugoni de Haselum & 
heredib} suis vel suis assignatis p homagio & servicio totam fram 
mea que est int' altam stratam de Busseford & t'ram d'ci Hugois 

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& dimidia bovata t^re in villa de Bussum ele Holt cu oib} ptinen- 
ciis Teneudas & Habendas sine uUo retenemto de me & hedib} 
meis sibi & hedib} suis vel suis assignatis in feodo & heditate libe 
& i{eie pacifice & integre cu oib3 libtatib} cdmunis & aisiamtis 
infra villa de Rnssu & ext* pdce terre ptine^ib}, Reddedo inde 
annuatim m^ & hedib} meis de se & hedib} suis vel suis assignatis 
vj den' ad dnos terminos statuto" soil ad nativitate Sci Johis Bapt. 
iij den' & ad festu Sci Michael iij denar* p oib} serviciis reb} & 
^emandis. £t ego Henric' & hedes mei p'noiatas t'ras & ele Holt 
cu ptinentiis p'noiato HugoT & hedib} suis vel suis assignatis ^tra 
OS lio'ies & femias imppetuu warantizabim". Ut igit' h donatio 
^oessio & ^firmacio robur ppetue firmitatis obtuleat psenti carta 
sigilli mei imp'ssione corroboram, hiis testib} Dno G. de Cbeta, 
Robfo de Hulton, Bic. de Tford, Jordan de Babi, Galfrido fit 
Lnce^ Bob^ fil Leysig^ Symoe fil Luc^ Bogo fit Band^ Bic. fre ei 
Bandulpho clico & aliis. — Birch Evidences^ penes Sir John Wil- 
liam Hamilton Anson, Bart. 

Family of Manchester. 

CpP^ 6, 7 J 

1. — Sciant psentes & futuri q^ ego Witts fil Henr*" fil Houlot de 
Mamecestr dedi concessi & hac psenti carta mea confirmavi 
Jordano fil Willi de ffawfeld & heredib} suis q mdam ptem t're mee 
in villa de Bussum^ videlicet tres acras terre cu ptinentiis jacentes 
inf ter* Henr* de Trafford ex ut^q^ pte que se extendunt in longi- 
tndine de t'ra Matild del Holt usq^ in altam viam v'sus Stokeport, 
Habend & Tenend eidem Jordano & hedibus suis de dno capitali 
feodi libe quiete bne & in pace cu omib} libfatib) & aysiamentis 
pdicl t're ptinentibus. Beddendo inde annuatim dco diio capitali 
tres denar' argent ad duos anni t^minos videlic. ad natat diii unu 
denar' & obolu & ad festum Sancti Johis Bapt'e unu denar' et obolu 

B B 

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de qnatuor denar' iu quibus pdcus Witts tenetur annuatim solnt 
pdco dno capital!. Et ego y^ pdcs Wills & heredes mei pdcam 
t^ram cu ptinenC suis sicut pdcm est pdco Jordano & heredib} suis 
cont» omes gentes imppetuu warantizabim? et defendem?. In cui^ 
rei testimoniu huic scpto sigillu meu apposai^ hiis testibus Alexo 
del Byrches^ Galfrid de Strongwas^ Wilto de Honeford^ Thom de 
Cfaorlton^ Stepho de Bedich & aliis. Dat ap^ Mamecestr die 
dnica px post festm Sci Mrtin anno regni reg Edwardi yicesimo 
nono. — Birch Evidences, penes Sir John William Hamilton* 
Anson^ Bart. 

2. — Sciant psentes & flftiti q^ ego Johes de Annacotes ffil RobH 
de Mammecesstr dedi concessi & hac psenti carta mea confirmayi 
Jordano fil Willi de fiEalwefeld & hered' suia q mdam ptem terre 
mee in fritorio de Russum scilicet totam pte meam de una cultnra 
que vocat^ Grenclowe ffeld jacet int^ t'ram Henrid de Trafford ex 
una pte & t'ram Willi fil Henrici de Mamecestr ex alta cui^ unu 
capnd extendit se us% ad regiam viam que se ad Ynce (?) ducit & 
aliud capnd extendit se usq^ ad unam cult' am que vocat^ le Somer 
Werkeddeffeld ; et una dimid' acr* p'ti jacente in le Brodemedwe 
int' t'ram Henrici de Trafford ex ut% pte et unu capnd se extendit 
us% ad ripam que est subtus le Birchenewode & aliud capnd ex- 
tendit se us% ad Clayffeld. Hnd & tenend pro me & hered meis 
de capitali dno dci tenemt sibi & hered' suis & assign' suis libe 
quete bene et in pace jure hereditar' integre & honorifice cu libero 
introitu & exitu & cu omib} aliis aysiamtis & libfatib} dee t're 
ubi% spctantib}; pro hac ante donacoe dedit m^ dcs Jordan^ 
q™dam sumam pecunie p manib}. Et ego dcs Bob£s & hered mei 
& assign mei totam pdcam t'ram & ptm cu suis ptinenc^ ut pdcm 
est dco Jordano & hered & assign suis cont* omes hoies & femi- 
nas p pdca suma pecne imppetuu warantizabim^ aquietabim^ et 
deffendem^. Et ut hec mea donaco & psentis carte mee confBir- 

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niac6 rata & stabii pmaneat sigilli mea earn imp'ssione roboravi, 
hiis testib} Rogo de Barlowe, Ric6 de Redich, Alex de Birches, 
Galfrido de Strongwas, Willo de Honford, Bogd de Denton, Thorn 
de Cholrton & multis aliis. — Birch Evidences, penes Sir John 
William Hamilton Anson, Bart. 

Seal : A lion rampant. Legend : s' iohi de ibebnie. 

Families of Mosedon, Honford and Bexwick. 

1. — Sciant psentes & ffiituri quod ego Henricus Mosedon 
dedi concessi & hac psenti carta mea confirmavi Matheo de 
Byrches & heredibus snis totam ptem meam totius a(jue de Gore- 
broc sili} de Halegateforde usq^ Russeforde cum attachiacone 
Btagni sui nbiq^ usq^ ad t^ram meam ubicumq^ ei commodius fint 
infra pdcas divisas salva destruccdne prati mei infra dcas divisas. 
Habend & Tenend de me & heredib} meis sibi & heredibus snis 
libere quiete integre & in pace cu omib5 libtatib} & omnimodis 
aysiamentis pdce aque, spectantib} sine aliquo retenemento mei vel 
herednm meor', Reddendo inde annuatim m^ & heredib} meis de se 
& heredibs snis una sagittam barbatam ferri die nativitatis Beati 
Johis Bapt. p omnib} s'viciis s^claribu} exaccoib} & demandis 
predce aque cum stagno infra pdcas divisas ptinentib}. Et ego 
v^ pdcus Henricus & heredes mei totam ptem meam totius aque 
predce cum attachiacone eiusdem ubiq^ infra pdcas divisas pdto 
Mathd & heredib} snis cont* omes hoies & feminas imppetuu 
warantizabimus & defeudemus. In cuius rei testimonium huic 
psenti scpto sigillii meum apposui, hiis testib} Rogo de Midilton, 
Alex de Pilkinton, Rico de Workedeley, Rico de Moston, Johe 
de Ayneswerthe, Tho. fil Galfr. fii Luc de Mamecest', Tho. Bexwic, 
Henr. de Byrches clico & aliis. — Birch Evidences, penes Sir John 
William Hamilton Anson, Bart. 

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2. — Ego Agnes ux Henr. de Honford dedi B.ic5 f. meo ter* in 
Buschun &c. q Matilda de Holt ten in noie dotis &c. ; rem. Gralfr. 
fri ejusd Rici ; rem. pdee Agneti &c. Test. Rico de Hulton, W^ 
de Badecliye^ Rogo de Midleton^ Rico de Redish^ J5 de Hnlton 
&c. — Harl MSS. 2112, fo. 143. 

3. — Sciant psentes et futnri q^ ego Rogerus Bexwik dedi 
concessi et hac psenti carta mea confirmavi Miloni Bexwik filio 
meo omia ilia terras & tenta reddit* rev'coes et s'vicia cnm suis 
ptinen jacent' in Orenelawe et Risshum in com Lancastr que nup 
pquesivi de Wilto Heyld. Habend & tenend pdict^ terras & tenta 
reddit^ rev^coes et sVicia cum omib} et singlis suis ptin pfat^ Miloni 
Bexwik hered' et assignat^ suis imppetuu de capit' diiis feod^ illius 
p s'vicia inde debit^ et de jure consuet\ Et ego v® pfat Rogerus 
Bexwik et hered' mei omia pdict^ terras et tenta reddit^ rev'coes & 
s'yicia cum omib} et singlis suis ptin pfat Miloni Bexwik filio meo 
bered^ et assignat' suis contra omes gentes warrantizabim? et im- 
ppetuu defendem^ p psentes. Ac insup sciant me pfat Rogerum 
Bexwik attomasse deputasse et in loco meo posuisse dilect^ michi 
in Xpo Johem Bamford gen^osum et Jacobum Shalcros meos yeros 
& legittimos attornat' conjunctim & divisim ad intrand omia pdicf 
terras & tenta cu ptin et post talem ingressum inde p me et noie 
meo plenam et pacificam possessionem et seisinam pfat Miloni 
Bexwik ad deliband scdm vim formam et efiectum huiP prsentis 
carte mee inde ei confect' rat^ & grat' hent et hltur' totum et quic- 
quid dict^ attornat^ mei noie meo fecrnt sen eor' alter fecit in 
pmissis. In cur' rei testimoniu huic psenti carte mee sigillam 
meum apposui. Dat yicesimo octavo die Junil anno regni regis 
Henrici octavi post conquestum Anglie vicesimo secundo. — Birch 
Evidences, penes Sir John William Hamilton Auson^ Bart. 

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Family op Platt. 

{pp. 12-24J 
Platt Evidences penes Charles CariU Worsley Esq, 

1. — Notu sit omib} tarn p'sentib) <fm futuris q* ego Matheus 
filiuB Wiffi dedi et concessi et hac p^senti carta mea confirman 
f ram de Plat hospital! de Jerhn in puram et ppetua elemosiuam 
cu pastara que ad Wytintonam pHinet. Ego et her' mei p'dcam 
t^ram p'dco hospitali cont* hoTes univ'sos warantizabo, scilicet de 
magna fossa usc^ ad finem inferiorem pne fosse nsc^ crux incidit' 
in arbore et de pna fossa usc^ in goselache et p goselache usq^ ad 
semita eite (?) que iacet int' Flat et Busshum et p semita eite (?) 
us% in gorebroc et p gorebroc usc^ ad maram WiHi de Honford et 
sic usq^ in magnam fossam. Test^ Jordano de DiddestS^ Hamel fil 
Onti et filii Rog. de Barlowe et Ric. Breton et Rofe Diacon' et 
Hug. de Plat et Ric. et tota curia de Wydenton. 

2. — Notu sit omib3 tam p'sentib} futuris q^ ego Garii de Neopoi 
prior frm hospital Jeriomit' in Anglia de coi assensu et voluntate 
frm capitli nro concessi et hac p^senti carta confirmavi Rico de la 
More et her* suis t^ram de Bikerstath qua hem^ ex dono Ade fii 
Radi et t'ram de Perr quam hem^ ex dono Willi Dolfini et t'ram 
de Grewinton halfsnede et duas bovatas t're de Ranchorior et 
passagiu de Ranchior et t'ram de Halcton et t'ram de Plette qua 
hem^ ex dono Mathei filii Willi et t'ram de Acton quam hem^ ex 
donacone Gilberti filii Radi et omes t'ras quas hem^ de adquesitu 
ipius et quas ipe vel her' eius pot'unt pquirer* domui nre usq^ ad 
Valencia dim marc' Tenendas et hendas de domo nra jur' heredi- 
tario liber' quiete et honorifice. Reddendo in singlis annis domui 
nre in thalamo nro apud London quatuor solidos esterlingor"* ad 
capitlfh nrm p® festu Sci Michis p omib3 s'viciis et placitis et 
exaccoib} ad nos inde p'tinentib}. Ita q^ fres nri de Standee 

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nnllam gup ipm vel heredes suos heant potestate causandi eos yd 
auferendi pecaniam eor' nee alieui respondeant nisi nobis vel locu 
nfm tenentib} apud London. Prefatus v» Bieus et her' sui mannte- 
nebunt et regent una navem sup aqua de Merse apud Ranchorier 
in caritate quam Jofaes constabilar' Gestrie dederat an Rico et her' 
suis ad istam elemosinam tenendam^ ut omes qui Dei amore 
t^nsitu p'fate aque petierint passagiu heant. In obitu v^ suo et 
heredu suor' similit' t^cia ps omiu catallor' suor' p salute aie sue 
domui nre remanebit. Hiis testib} fratre Alano, fre Wiftmo 
capellano, fre Gilberto de Ver, fre Bobto fit Rici, fre Gilbert© de 
Wilton, fre Henr. de Dalby, fre Nicho de Cardinel, fre Wilimo 
de yjT, fre Gilberto, fre Ysaac, fre Samsone, Walto clico. Anno 
Incarnacois Miiiio eentesimo nouagesimo.^ 

8. — Sciant p'sentes et ftituri q^ ego Wiftus fii Rici de More 
dedi eoncessi et hac p'senti carta mea confirmavi Henr. fii GilbH 
cum Cesilia fii mea et her' suis ab eadm pcreatis in Ubm maritagiu 
totam medietate t're mee de Plette et messuagia sua et una acram 
t're ad dictam messuagiam spectante sine ullo r'tenemeto cu omib} 
p'tin, Habend sibi et her' suis pcreatis de me et her' meis libe 
quiete integr' et honorifice in bosco in piano in p'cis in pasturis 
cu omib} lib'tatib} et asiamentis ad p'fata t'ram p'tinentib}. Ita 
qd p'dcus Henr. et Cesilia et her' pcreati sui tenebunt p'dcam t'ra 
de me et her' meis tam libe qua ego illam teneo de frib} hospitalis 
Jerhn p't sex denar' quos p'dcus Henr' et her' sui reddunt annua- 
tim michi et her' meis ad festu Sci Bartholomew p omib} s'vic's et 
consuetudine et exaccone. Ego siquidem Wiiimus et her' mei 
warantizabim^ p'dcam t'ram sicut illam quam dedi in libm mari- 

> This and the preceding deed are on the same parchment, which is headed *' Copia 
carte original'." The first deed is endorsed "Hec carta p*dca apud Yeveley jux* 
Longeford in com* Derb'," and the latter " et hec carta p*x p'dca in manu Bob'ti Talio' 
de p'ochia do Wrenbury jux» Abbathiam de Cumbremer* in com' Oeetri©." 

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tagiu cum Henr. et Cesilia fil mea et her' sals pcreatis cont* oes 
holes et feias warantizabunt et defendent imppetuu, Hiis testibj 
Witimo de Norton fre, Wittmo de Norros, Rogo de Middulton, 
Alexandr' de Pilkinton^ Adm de Penuilbury^ Jordano Norreis^ 
WiHo de Diddesbury, Math5 clTco et aliis. 

Inscribed on the back of this deed is the following genealogical 

infta aerlptia 

Anutbilia ux' OalfHdl 
del Plat de qaibos 

Henr. de quo Elena nzf. Alexi del Bothe de 

quo Will*! de q« Wilinu qui nnne est 
Rogms del Plat de HolyngreTe de qno WUl'oa 

de quo Mar/('ia de qua Ad'. 
Agnee de qoa Rob'tns de qno Joh'ei de quo 
Nieh'UB de quo Rle*u8 qui nunc est. 
Cecilia nxr. Henr. del Plat de qulb? Rog'us de qno Johanna de qua 
Will*UB de que A/tnes de qua Will* qui ambo nunc aunt. 

Ex hiia qui nune rant Tidelicet sunt tfi 
dni Mo.ccccn«.XTiiJn Margla de qua 

Margla forst de q» Agnes de q« Will*us qui 

nunc est. 
Cecilia del Hull de qua Rob'tus qui nunc est 
Agnes Tele de qua Joh'es Tele et Thomas qui 
I nunc sunt 

4. — Univ'sis xpi fidelib) ad quos Itte p'sentes p'ven'int fir 
Helias de Smethetun hmlis pr^or firm hosp' Jrtm in Anglia salm 
in dno. Nov^it univ^sitas T^ra nos de communi consilio et assensu 
totins capitnli n'ri dedisse et concessisse et hac p'senti carta n'ra 
confirmasse Kic fii Ade de ffamewurthe et heredib} suis omem me- 
dietatem fre n're de la Platte quam medietatem Adam clicus de 
nobis quondam tenuit. Habend et tenendam d'cam medietatem 
fre de la Platte de nobis sibi et hedib} suis in hereditate libere et 
quiete bene et in pace cu omibj commun et aessiamentis in pas- 
cois in viis in semitis in aquis et in omib} locis ubi cummuns vel 
aessiamentum dco tenemento pertinet vel p'tinere potuit; Bed- 
dendo inde aunuatim ipe et heredes sui domui nre quatuor solidos 
argenf ad festum Sci Math p omib} sMciis et exacconib} et con- 
suetudinib} ad nos pHinentib} et in obitii suo et hedum suor' 
f ciam partem catallor' snor^ mobilium et immobiliam ubicun% 
fuint inventa. Nos Y* d'cam medietatem t're de la Platte cu 

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omib} communis et aessiamentis sicut p^notatum est dco Bic 6k 
Ade de flTarnewurthe et heredib} suis cont» omes homines et 
ffeminas imppetuu warantizabimus quam diu donator illius domui 
n^re ilia pot'it warantizar'. Et ut hec nVa donaco rata et stabilis 
pmaneat p'sentem cartam sigili capituli n^re roboramus^ Hiis tes- 
tibus Diio Ada de Bury^ Diio Oalfrid de Chetham^ Uno Galfrid 
capttan, Bic de Trafford^ Bic de Bondini', Bic de Mostun^ Henr. 
de la Platte et multis aliis. 

5. — Sciant p^sentes et fut'i q^ ego BogS del Plat dedi coneessi 
et hae p^senti carta mea confirmavi Elene filie Henr. del Plat duas 
acras terre jacentes in hamett del Plat in viii de Wy thinton, videl't 
illas acr*s q»s Cecilia mat' mea recup'avit coram justiciar* diii Beg* 
in banco p quoddm Bre q^ vocat' Cui vita que quidm d'ce acr* 
extendunt del Thomidiche usq^ ad le Goselache^ Hend et tenend 
eidm Elene et hedib} suis et assignatis de capital dnis feodi illius 
p s'vicia inde debita et consueta libe quiete et in pace cu oib} 
jurib} lib'tatib} et asiamentis p'dce terr pHinentib}. Et ego veio 
pMcus Bog'us et hedes mei p'dcas duas acras t're cu p'tiii in oib} 
ut pMcm est pMcis Elene et hedib} suis et assignatis contra omes 
geutes warantizabim^ et impp'm defendem^. In cuj^ rei testi- 
moniu huic p'senti carte sigillu meu apposui hiis testib} Johe 
Cissor' de Mamcestr, Thoma le Marchal, Bobto del Plat, Johe 
Bibby, Nicho clico et aliis. Dat' ap^ le Plat die Safeti px post fifn 
Sci Andree ap'li anno regni reg* Edwardi decimo septimo. 

6. — Omib} xpi fidelib} hoc septum visur' vel auditur*, Witts fii 
Hugois de LaghokC saHm in Dno. Novitis me remisisse relaxasse 
et oino p me et hedib} meis imppet'm quietu clamasse*Bob¥o fil 
Bici de farneworthe et hedib} yel suis assignatis totu jus meu et 
clameu q^ hui vel aliquo modo here potui in medietate totius 
hamelli del Plat in vift de Wythinton que quid' medietas idem 

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Bob's huit p saccessionem heditariam post mortem Bici de ffame- 
worthe p^ris sui^ Ita scii} q^ h ego p'dcus Witts ii liedes mei ii 
aliq's alius noTe nro aliq'd jur' vel clamei in pMca medietate seu 
in pte ejusdem illi' hamelli de cefo exig'e vel yindicare potim^ 
s'c't peni^ p hoc s'cm meii exdusi sim^ imppetuu. Et pr'tiia ego 
p'dcs Witt:s et hedes mei p'dcam medietate toti^ hamelli del Plat 
in oib5 ut p'^dcm est pMco Robto et hedib} vel suis assignatis conf 
omes hoies warantizabim^. In cui^ rei testimoniu huie scpto 
sigillu meii apposui, Hiis testib} Dhis Henr. de Trafforde, Bog5 
de Pilkynton militib}, Riod de Hulton, Johe de Hulton, Bobfo de 
Asshton, Bobto de (^rottoii^ Nichd de Wyrkesworthe clico et aliis. 
Dat' ap^ le Plat die Jovis in cr^stino Sci Swythen epi anno regni 
reg' Edward fil reg' Edwardi octavo. 

7. — Die Lune px ante festii Sci Andree ap'li anno Dni Mil- 
lesimo fcentes yicesimo q»rto VcS, ^venf int' Bogeru del Platte 
ex una p'te et Bobertu fii Bici del Plattf ex alt'a pte sub hac 
forma q^ pastura que se exteudit ab hostio dci Bogi us^ ad le 
Oddebrocke dividit' int' dcos Bogu et Bobfm, et fossatm q^ se 
extendit a vico us% ad le Odde broke p^dicf est totu sup pcelam 
dci BobH. Pref a dcus BogS quiet clamavit p se et hede Bob1!o 
et heredib3 suis totum jus suu et damiu q^ habuit seu aliquo modo 
habere poterit in toto tenemeto a d'oo fossato usq^ ad Gtelde hrocke 
int' Ticu et le Hemeflatte. Pref a d'c's RogS concessit Bobto et 
heredib} suis f dam pte suam in le [name undedpherable] una cu 
quadam butea jacente in Gosecroft in escambio p f ra d'ci Bob& 
jacente in le fal d'd Bogi. In cdP rei testimoniu huic p'senti 
sc'pto sigillu meii apposui, hiis testib} Bogo dno de Barrlowe, 
Johe de Worthinton, Thoma le Marchal de Mamcestr^ Johe fire 
eius^ Johe Bibby de Maipcestr et aliis. Dat' ap^ Lancasif die et 
anno sup>dcis. 


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8. — Sciant p'sentes et futuri q^ ego Elena fil Henr. del Platf 
dedi concessi et hac p'seuti carta mea confirmavi Bico fii RobH del 
Piatt unnm aeram t^re cum p'tin jacentem in hamello del Plate In 
villa de Wythinton quam hui ex dono et feoflfamento Rogi del Plat 
que quidem acra Vre jacet in quodam campo vocato le Bruches 
cujus unu capnd se extendit del Thornidiche usc^ ad le Goselache^ 
Hendam et tenendam pMcam t^ram cu ptin pdco Bled et hedib} 
de corpe suo pcreat^ de capit' dnis feodi illius p s'vicia inde debita 
et de jure consueta libe quiete bene et in pace cu omib} libEatib} 
et aysiamentis dee t're pHinentib} imppetuu. Et si contingat q^ 
idem Bicus obierit sine hede de corpe suo pcreato tnc post deces- 
sum ipius Bici p'dca fra cu ptin integre remanebit Job! fratri 
ejusdem Bici et bedib} de corpe suo pcreat^^ Tenend de capif 
dnis feodi illius p s'vicia inde debita et de jure consueta imppetuu. 
Et si contingat q^ idem Jobnes obierit sine bede de corpe suo 
pcreato tiic post decessum ipius Jobis p'dca t'ra cu ptin integre 
remanebit BoMo del Plat patri p'dicor' Bici et Jobis hedib} et 
assignatis suis Tenend de capit' dnis feodi illius p sMcia inde 
debita et de jure consueta imppetuu. Et ego vero pMca Elena et 
bedes mei pMcam t^ram cu ptin p^dco Bico et hedib} suis p'dds 
et pMco Jobi et bedib} suis p^dcis si idem Bicus obierit sine bede 
de corpe suo pcreato^ et p'dco Bobto et bedib} suis si idem Johes 
obierit sine bede de corpe suo pcreato warantizabim^ cont* omes 
holes imppetuu. In cuj^ rei testimoniu huic p^senti carte sigillu 
meu apposui^ biis testib} Bogo de Barlowe^ Henr. de Trafford^ 
Johe le Taillour de Mamcestr, Bico fii Thome de Mamcestx, 
Thoma fii Bici de Bosedon, Bobfo de Milkewalleslade, Thoma fii 
Alani de Aynesworthe et aliis. Dat* apud le Plat die Jovis px 
post festu Sci Micbis Archangti anno regni Edwardi reg* Angi 
t^cii a conquestu decimo septimo et regni sui ffirancie quarto. 

9. — Sciant p'sentea et fut'i qd ego Elena fii Heur* del Plat dedi 

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concessi et hac p'senti carta mea confirmavi Johi fil Robii del 
Plat una acram fre cum ptin in villa de Withinton quam hui ex 
dono et feoffiuoiiento Bogi del Plat que quidem acra fre jacet juxta 
le Yeldehousdiclie in hamello del Plat in quodam campo quod 
Yocat^ le Bmclies cujp unu capnd se extendit del Thomidiche usq^ 
ad le Goselacfae. Hend et tenend pMcam fram cu ptin pMco 
Johi et heredib} de corpore suo legitie pcreat^ de capit^ diiis foodi 
iUins p sMda inde debita et de jure consueta libe quiete bene et 
in pace cu omlh} liVtatib} et aysiamentis dee fre ptinentib} im- 
ppetuu. Et si contingat q^ idem Johes obierit sine herede de 
corpore suo legitie pcreat' tunc post decessum ipius Johis pMca 
t'ra cu ptin integre remanebit Bico fratri ejusdem Johis et 
heredib} de corpore suo legitie pcreat^^ Tenend de capif dnis 
feodi illius p sMcia inde debita et de jure consueta imppetuu. Et 
si contingat q^ idem Bicus obierit sine herede de corpore suo 
legitie procreato tunc post decessu ipius Bici p'dca t^ra cum ptin 
integre remanebit Bob?o del Plat patri p'dcor* Johis et Bici 
heredib3 et assignatis suis^ Tenend de capif dnis feodi illius p 
sMda inde debita et de jure consueta imppetuu. Et ego vero 
p'dca Elena et heredes mei pMcam t^ram cu ptin p'dcis Johi Bico 
et Bobfo et heredib3 suis warantizabim^ et defendem^ cont* omes 
holes imppetuii in forma supMca. In cuf rei testimoniu huic 
psenti carte indentate sigillu meu apposui^ hiis testib} Henr^ de 
Trafford^ Bogo de Barlowe^ Thoma fii Alani de Aynesworthe^ 
Johe le Taillo' de Mamcestr, Bico til Thome le Mareschal de 
Mamcestr, Thoma fii Bici de Bosedon^ Bobfo de Milkewalleslade 
et aliis. Dat* apud le Plat die Jovis px post festu Sci Michis 
Archangii anno regni reg' Edwardi t^cii post conquestum Angi 
decimo septimo et ffiranc quarto. 

10. — Ceste endanture faite entre Eleyne la fille Henry del 
Platf la puisnesse d'une pte et Bob? del Platf d' autre pte test- 

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moigne que come le dit Robt ad graunte al dite Elejme p sa 
chartre endente une maes et dis3 acres de sa tVe en Platf en la 
▼ille de Wythyngton a avoir et tenir a meisme cesty Elejme a 
t'me de sa vie del avauot dit Robt et de ses heris rendaunt don3e 
doners p an sicome en la chartre endentee entre eux de ces faites 
plus pleinement est contenu. Lavaunt dite Eleyne voetf et 
graunte p lui q si ele soit en eyde a William fit} Alisanndre del 
Botlie en ascune ma&e ou p doner de ses liens ou chateux on p 
pole ou dempledre les tenement} quels meisme cesty Eleyne 
recouveri vers lavaunt dit William a Lancastr' p assise de nouvele 
disseisine devaunt Mons. William Basset et ses compaignonns 
Justices a assises pndre en le countie de Lancastr^ assignes. Et 
de quels tenement} meisme cesty Eleyne ad enfeffe lavaunt dit 
Robt et ses heris et ses assignes sicome p la chartre p lavaunt dite 
Eleyne a lavaunt dit Bobert de ceo faite plus pleinement est 
contenu q a dong>s bien lise al dit Bobert et a ses heris et a ses 
assignes entrer les avauut dit} mees et t're et les retenir sann} 
countre dit del avaunt dite Eleyne et ensement q la chartre 
endente de ceo faite ne soit de valu. Ensement sramcol[?] lavaunt 
dite Eleyne q a quel houre q ele liesse les avaunt dit} tenement} a 
ascun fors q al avaunt dit Bobt ou a ses heris q a dong>8 bien lise 
al avaunt dit Bobt et a ses hens dentrer les avaunt dit} tenement} 
et les retenir sann} countredit del avaunt dite Eleyne et q ele soit 
oshte d& chescun mani^e daccionn a demaundre les tenement} 
avauut dit}. Par quele graunte lavaunt dit Bobt graunte p<^' lui 
et p' ses heris q si lavaunt dite Eleyne ne soit de pouver detenir 
les tenement} avant dit} en sa meyne demeigne le dit Bobt 
graunte po^ lui et p^ ses heris a prendre la Pre en sa meyn 
demeigne ou en la meyn des heris et rendronnt al dite Eleyne p' 
tote sa vie dis south [sous] p an a deux t'mes del an cest a savoir 
la moitee a la feste de Seynt Michel larchangel et lautre moitee a 
la feste de Seynte Joh'*n le Baptistre p oueles [egales] porciouns. 

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A qude diose faire a loyalment p foumer lea avant ditj Elejme et 
Bobt entrechaangablement onnt mys lenr seals. Cenx sonnt les 
tesmoignes Johan de Aynesworth^ Adam de Hoppewode^ Roger 
de Chadirton^ Roger de Shotellesworth le puisne^ et Thomas le 
fil}^ Aleyn de Aynesworthe et antres. Done a Bury le dismeigne 
pchayn ap's la feste de Seynt Bartholomeu Fapostol, I/an du 
regno Edward roi d' Angle?re tierc} puis le conquest dis et octoisme 
et de son regne de Fraunce quinte. 

. 11. — Sciant p^sentes et ftit'i q^ ego Elena filia Henrici del 
Plates junior dedi ooncessi et hac p'senti carta mea confirmavi 
Rob^o del Plates hedib3 ^^ assignatis suis duo messuagia viginti et 
quatuor acras t're et una acram p'ti cu p'tin in Wythyngton que 
quidem ten d'ca Elena recupayi v'sus Wilhn fil Alexi del Bothe p 
assiam novo disseie coram Witto Basset et sociis suis Justic' ad 
assuis nove disseie in com Lancastr' assign' capiendo Hend et 
Tenend oia p'dca ten cu suis p'tin p'fato Roblo hedib} et assig- 
natis suis de capit' dnis feodi illius p s'vicia inde debita et de jure 
consueta libe quiete bene et in pace cu lib5 introitu et exitu et cu 
cola pasture et cu omib} aliis p'tin dco ten pHinentib} in eade 
villa. Et ego vero p'dca Elena et hedes mei oia p'dca ten cu suis 
p'tin in omib} sicut p'dcm est p'fato Robto hedib3 et assignatis 
suis cont^ omes hoies warantizabim^ et imppetuu defendem^. In 
cuf rei testimoniu huic p'senti carte sigillu meu apposui^ hiis 
testibs Nicho de Longeford milite, Henr. de Trafford, Robfo fii 
Henr.[?] de Trafford militis, Jordano de Clayden, Robfo de 
Chorleton^ Thoma de Holt^ Robfo de Mylkwalslade et aliis. Dat' 
apud le Plates die Lune px post festii Sci CuthbH epi anno regni 
Edwardi reg' Angl f cii a conquestii decimo octavo et regni sui 
ffirande quinto. 

12. — Hec carta indentata testat' q^ Robfus del Plat dedit con* 

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cessit et hac pseuti carta sua indentata coniiniiaTit Bico filio suo 
et heredi omia t'ras et ten sua eu edificiis que huit die confecconis 
psentiu in villa de Wythynton, Hend et Tenend omia pMca f ras 
et ten eu edificiis et cu ptin pMco Bico et hei*ed de oorpore suo 
legitie pcreatis libe quiete bene et in pace cu omib} lib{atib3 et 
aysiamentis pdcis t'ns et ten cu edificiis in villa de Wythinton 
ptin' de capit^ dnis feodi illius p sMcia que ad p'dca t'ras et ten 
cu edificiis ptinent imppetuu. £t si contingat q^ pMcus Bicus 
obierit sine herede de corpore suo legitie pcreaf tunc post deces- 
sum ipius Bici omia p'dca terre et ten cu edificiis et cu ptin 
integre remaneant Johi fri ejusd Bici et here* de corpe suo legitie 
pcreatis Hend et Tenend omia p'dca t'ras et ten cu edificiis et cu 
ptin pMco Johi de capit' dnis feodi illius p s'vicia que ad p'dca 
t'ras et ten cu edificiis ptin imppetuu. Et si contingat q^ p'dcus 
Johes obierit sine herede de corpe suo legitie pcreat^ tunc post 
decessum ipius Johis omia p'dca terre et ten cu edificiis et cu ptin' 
integr' remaneant Bobto fii Bobti de Milkewalleslade juniori et 
hered masdis de corpe suo legitie pcreatis Hend et Tenend omia 
pdca f ras et ten cu edificiis et cu ptin pMco Bob^o fii BobH de 
capit' diiis feodi illius p s'vicia que ad pMca t'ras et ten cu edificiis 
ptinent' imppetuu. Et si contingat q^ p'dcus Bob^us fii BobH 
obierit sine herede mascto de corpe suo legitie pcreat' tunc post 
decessum ipius Bobti fii BobH omia p'dca t're et ten cu edificiis 
et cu ptin' integre remaneant Job! fii Bobti de Milkwaleslade fri 
p'dco Bob^o fit BobG et hiered masdis de corpe suo legitie pcreat' 
Hend et Tenend omia pMca t'ras et ten cu edificiis et cu ptin 
p'dco Johi fit BobH de capit' dnis feodi illi^ p s'vicia que ad p'dca 
t'ras et ten cu edificiis ptinent imppetuu. Et si contingat q^ 
p'dcus Johes fii BobH obierit sine herede mascto de corpe suo 
legitie pcreaf tunc post decessum ipius Johis fii BobH omia p'dca 
t're et ten cu edificiis et cii p'tin integ' remaneant BobSo fii Ade 
de fiernilegh de Sadulwrthffryth et hered masctis de corpe suo 

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legitie pcreat' Hend et Tenend omia p'dca t'ras et ten cu edificiis 
et cu ptin pMco Robfo fit Ade de capit' dnis feodi ilU? p sMcia 
que ad p'dca t'ras et ten cu ediiiciis ptineut imppetuu. Et si con- 
tingat q^ p'dcus RoMus fii Ade obierit sine hered mascto de corpe 
sao legitie pcreat' tunc post decessum ipius BobH fil Ade omia 
p'dca t're et ten cu edificiis et cu ptin integr' remaneant Wi&o fii 
Edward Heth de Sadulworthfryth et hered mascKs de corpe suo 
legitie pcreat' Hend et Tenend omia p'dca t'ras et ten cu edificiis 
et cu ptin p'dco Wi&o de capit' diiis feodi illius p s'vida que ad 
p'dca fras et ten cii edificiis ptinent imppetuii. Et si coutingat 
qd p'dcus Wittus obierit sine hered masctis de corpe suo legitie 
pcreaf tunc post decessum ipius Wiiii omia p'dca f re et ten cu 
edificiis et cu ptin integr' remaneant Margarete fi} Robti del Plat 
et heredib} mascKs de corpe suo legitie pcreat' Hend et Tenend 
omia p'dca t'ras et ten cu edificiis et cu ptin p'dce Margarete de 
capit' dnis feodi illr' p s'vicia que ad pdca t'ras et ten cu edificiis 
ptinent imppetuu. Et si contingat q^ p'dca Margareta obierit 
sine hered mascio de corpe suo legitie pcreat' tunc post decessum 
ipius Margarete omia p'dca t're et ten cu edificiis et cu ptin rectis 
heredib} ipius Robti del Plat integr' remaneant Hend et Tenend 
omia p'dca t'ras et ten cu edificiis et cu p'tin p'dcis rectis hed 
ipius Robti del Plat de capif dnis feodi illius p s'vicia que ad 
p'dca f ras et ten cu edificiis ptinent imppetuu. £t p'dcus yero 
Robfus del Plat et hered sui omia p'dca f ras et ten cu edificiis et 
cu ptin p'dco Rico et heredib} de corpe suo legitie pcreaf ut 
p'dcm est^ et eda p'dco Johi £ri ejusdm Rici et heredibj de corpe 
suo legitie pcreaf ut p'dcm est^ et ecia p'dco Robfo fii Robti et 
heredib} masciis de corpe suo legitie pcreat' ut p'dcm est^ et eda 
p'dco Johi fii Robti et hered masdis de corpe suo legitie pcreaf 
ut p'dcm est^ et ecia p'dco Robfo fil Ade et hered masciis de 
corpe legitie pcreaf ut p'dcm est^ et eda p'dco WMo et heredib3 
masciis de corpe suo legitie pcreaf ut p'dcm est^ et eda p'dce 

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Margarete et heredib3 masctis de corpe suo legitie pcreaf ut 
pMcm est^ et ecia rectis heredib} ipius BoUi del Plat cont* oes 
gen tea warantizabiiu? et imppetuu defendemP. In euj^ rei testi- 
moniu huie p'senti carte indentate sigillu snum apposnit^ Iiiis 
testib} Nich5 de Longeford chiyaler, Thoma de Trafford^ Rogd 
de Barlow^ Thoma del Holt^ RoHo de Chorlton, Henr. fit Robf 
del Birches et aliis. Dat' ap^ Wythinton die SabH px ante {& 
See Margarete yirgis anno regni regis Edwardi t'cii a conqoestu 
vicesimo t'do regni vero ffirancie decimo. 

18. — Pateat univ'sis p p'sentes me Bobf m del Plat dedisse et 
yendidisse Rico fit meo et heredi omia bona mea mobilia et im- 
mobilia quecuc^ hui die confecconis psentiu in villa de Wythynton. 
Ita yero q^ nee ego dens Robfus nee executores mei nee aliquis 
alius noie nro sen jure nro aliquid juris vel clameii in pdcis bonis 
here exig'e vel vendicare pot^m^ infitm[?] ac ab omni aocone sim^ 
exclusi imppetuu. In cuj^ rei testimoniu p'sentibj sigillu meu 
apposui. Dat' apud Wythynton die Sab& px ante £m See Mar- 
garete virginis anno regni regis Edwardi f'cii a conquestu Yicesimo 
t'cio regno yero ffirancie decimo. 

14. — In noie Dei amen. Anno dni h^ccc<> sexageso die Veneris 
in fasto Sci Mauri Abbat^ Ego Robart^ de Platte ^do testamet 
meu iu hnc mod. Impprimis lego aiam mea Deo et be Marie 
et oTb3 scis et corp' meu ad sepeliend in simiterio Macest', et 
meli^ auer' coram corpe meo in noie mortuar' ad fidelif minis* 
trandih. Istos constituo executores meos s[cilicet] Johm filiu 
meu et Loretam uxor' meam ut ministrat oia bona mea sicnt 
meli? aie mee yiderit. In cuiP rei testimoniii huie testameto sigill 
meu apposui. 

[Endorsed :] Ut hoc testamet pbatu fact' cora decano Macestr 
& administr' honor' daf fuit ex'b}. In cn^ rei tesf sigillii offii' 

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nri psentib} apposuim?. Dat' Macestr in yigilia Sci Mathie ap^li 
anno Dni u^ccc9 sexageio. 

15. — Sciant p'sentes & fnturi q^ ego Johnes del Plat dedi con- 
cessi et hac p'senti carta mea eonfirmavi Johi le %tlieler^ Wiltmo 
le ffytheler^ Johi de Poynton, Wiitmo Davie, Rico Braybon capitis^ 
Nicho & Ade fit meis & Johi & Bico fit Bici del Plat omia t^ras 
& ten^ p'ta, reddituB & sMcia cu edificiis & cu omib} 8nis p^tin 
que bni die confecconis p'senciu in hamello del Plat in villa de 
Withyngton, Hend & Tend omia pMca tVas & ten, p'ta, reddifcus & 
s^vicia cu edificiis & cu omib3 suis p^tin p^fatis Johi le fiEytheler, 
Wiitmo le %theler, Johi de Poynton, Wittmo Davie, Rico Bray- 
bon capitis, Nicho & Ade fit meis & Johi & Bicd fit Bici del Plat 
her' & assignatis suis libe quiete integre bene & in pace de capi- 
talib3 dnis feodi illi*^ p s'vicia inde debita et de jure consueta im- 
ppetuu. Et ego v<> pMcus Johes del Plat et her* mei omia p*dca 
fras et ten, p'ta, redditus & s'vicia cu edificiis et cu omib} suis p'tin 
p'fatis Johi de flytheler, Wittmo le fiytheler, Johi de Poynton, 
Wittmo Davie, Rico Braybon capttis, Nicho et Ade fit meis et 
Johi et Rico fit Bici del Plat her' et assignatis suis cont* omes 
gentes warantizabim^ et imppetuu defendem^. In cuf rei testi- 
moniu huic p'senti carte sigUlu meu apposui hiis testibj Johne 
de Badedif de Chadurton, Bobfo de Chorltoii, Ad de Barlawe, 
Johne de Neuton & Henrico le Marshal de Mamcestr et aliis. 
Daf apud le Plat die Satfei pxia post festu Sci Andree ap'li anno 
regni regis Edwardi f cii a conquestu Anglie quad'gesimo octavo. 

16. — Sciant p'sentes et futuri q^ ego Johes del Platf dedi con- 
cessi et hac p'senti carta mea eonfirmavi Galfro filio Johis Ed- 
mundson le clerke & Alonie filie mee totam t'ciam ptem omi t'rar' 
et tenemetor' meor' cu ptin suis que hui sen aliquo modo here 
pof o infra comitatu Lancastr Hnd et Tend totam p'dcam p'tem 


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omi pdcor t'rar' et ten cu oinib} ptin suis pfatis Galfro et Alonie 
et hedib3 int' eosd de corpib} eordm Oalfri et Alonie lie [legitime] 
pcreatis de me ad totam vitam mei pMci JohTs sine omi s'vicio 
sclari exaccone et demand. Ego vero p'dcus Johes del Plat et 
hedes mei totam p^dcam fciam ptem omi p'dcor^ terrar' et ten cu 
omib^ ptin suis p'fatis Qalfro et Alonie et hedib} int' eosdm Ghd- 
frm et Alonia lie [legitime] pcreatis ad totam vitam meam cont^ 
omS gentes warantizabim^. In cuiP rei testm huic psenti carte 
sigillu meu apposui biis testib} Badpho de Badcliff, Johne de 
Kadcliff de Chadurtoii, Johhe de Radcliff de Ordessali, Henr' de 
Cromptoii, Wiiio del Crosse et multis aliis. Dat' apud le Plat die 
Martis in festo translacdis Sci Thome martiris anno regni regis 
Bici scdi post oonquestu septi5. 

17. — Pateat univ^sis p psentes me Nichm filiu Johis del Plat 
dedisse concessisse Boblo Colayn capellano omia bona mea et 
catalla in le Plat in villa de Wythington. Ita t<> nee ego p'dcs 
Nichus nee her' mei nee aliquis alius noie nro aliqua accon in 
p'dcis bonis seu catall de ceto exig'e vel vendicare pot^im^ ac ab 
omi accoe sunP exclusi imppetuii. In cm? rei testimouiu psentib} 
sigillu meu apposui. Dat' apud le Plat in villa de Wythington die 
dnica px post festu Sci Cedde epi anno regni reg* Bici scdi post 
conquestu Anglic q rto dedo. 

18. — Sdant psentes et futuri q^ ego Nichus filius Johis dd 
Flat dedi ooncessi et hac psenti carta mea oonfirmavi Bobfo 
Colayn capellano oia t'ras et ten mea cu ptin in le Plat in vflla de 
Wythington, Hend et Tenend omia p'dca f ras et ten cu ptin 
p'dco Bobfo her* et assign suis libere quiete integre bene et in 
pace de capitalib} dnis feodi iUius p s^vida inde debita et de jure 
oonsueta imppetuii. Et ego Y* pMcs Nichus et heredes mei omia 
p^dca t'ras et ten cu ptin p'dco Bobto her' et assignatis suis oont* 

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omes gentes warantizabiin? imppetuu. In cu^ rei testlmoniQ hme 
psenti carte mee sigillu meu apposui hiis testib} Bado de Plreste- 
wyche, Rado de Barlawe, Wilhno Bolder, Johne de Strangeways 
et Rico Bybby et aliis. Dat' apud le Plat die diiica px post festu 
Sci Cedde epi anno regni regis Bici scdi post conquestii Anglie 
quarto decio. 

Seal : Green wax ; Device — a shield vair placed obliquely^ its 
sinister chief surmounted by a helmet from which spring two 
standards. Legend : '^ Pbilipe de Premieres/' 

19. — Sciant psentes et fiituri q^ ego BoMus Colayn capellanus 
dedi concessi et bac psenti carta mea indentata confirmavi Nichd 
filio Johis del Plat omia t'ras et ten mea cu ptin que hui ex dono 
et feoffamento pMci Nichi in le Plat i villa de Wythington, Hend 
et Tenend omia pMca t'ras et ten cu ptin suis pMco Nichd et her' 
de corpe suo legitie pcreaf libere quiete beue et in pace de capi- 
talib3 dnis feodi iilius p s'vicia inde debita et de jure consueta 
imppetuu. Et si contiogat q^ p'dcs Nichus obierit sine her' de 
corpe suo legitie pcreaf volo q^ omia p'dca f r et ten cu p'tin suis 
remaneat Alone sorori p'dci Nichi et her' ipius Alone de corpe 
suo legitie pcreat' Hend et Teneud omia p'dca t'ras et ten cu ptin 
p'dce Alone et her' de corpe suo legitie pcreat' libere quiete bene 
et in pace de capitalib} dnis feodi iilius p s'vicia inde debita et de 
jure consueta imppetuu. Et si contingat q^ p'dca Alona obierit 
sine her' de corpe suo legitime pcreat' volo q^ omia pMca t'r et 
ten cu ptin remaneant Emmote ux'i Johis del Slade et her* ipius 
Emmote de corpe suo legitime pcreat' Hend et Tenend omia p'dca 
t'ras et ten cu ptin p'dce Emmote et her' de corpe suo legitime 
pcreat' libe quiete bene et in pace de capitalib} dnis feodi iilius p 
s'vicia inde debita et [de] jur' consueta imppetuO. Et si contin- 
gat q* p'dca Emmota obierit sine her* de corpe suo legitime 
pcreaf volo q^ omia p'dca f r et ten cii ptin remaneant Job! del 

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Plat juniori dco filio Rici del Plat filii RobS del Plat et her' ipiug 
Johis de corpe suo legitime pcreaf Hend et Tenend omia p'dca 
t'ras et ten cu ptin pMco Johi del Plat juniori et her* de corpe 
suo legitie pereat' libere quiete bene et in pace de capitalib} dnis 
feodi illius p sMcia inde debita et de jur' consueta imppetuu. Et 
si contingat q^ p'dcs Johes del Plat junior obierit sine her' de 
corpe suo legitie pcreat' volo q^ omia p'dca fr et ten cu ptin rectis 
her' p'dci Nichi integre rem'eant Hend et Tenend omia p'dca 
t'ras et ten cu ptin pMcis rectis her* libe quiete bene et in pace de 
capitaUb} dnis feodi illius p s'vicia inde debita et de jur' consueta 
imppetuu. Et ego y^ p'dcs Robtus Colayn et her' mei oia pMca 
t'ras et ten cu oib} ptin suis p'dco Nicho et her' de corpe suo 
legitie pcreaf ut p'dcm est, et eci3 p'dce Alone et her' de corpe 
suo legitie pcreaf ut p'dcm est, et ecia p'dce Emmote et her' de 
corpe suo legitie pcreaf ut p'dcm est, et ecia p'dco Johi del Plat 
juniori et her' de corpe suo legitime pcreaf ut p'dcm est, et eciam 
p'dcis rectis her' ipius Nichi ut p'dcm est cont» omes gentes 
warantizabim^ imppetuu. In cui^ rei testimoniii huic psenti carte 
indentate sigillu meu apposui hiis testib} Sadulpho de Radediff 
milite, Henrico de Trafford, Radulpho de Prestewyche, Johne de 
Barlowe et Radulpho de Bdrlowe et aliis. Daf apud le Plat in 
villa de Wythingtoii die Yen'is px post festii Sci Oregorii pape 
anno regni reg* Rici scdi post conquestu Anglic quarto decimo. 

20. — Sciant psentes et futuri q* ego Nichus del Platte dedi 
concessi et hac psenti carta mea indentata confirmavi Radd de 
Radeclif militi et Radd fil ejus omia mesuagia f ras et teii mea cii 
ptin in le Platte in villa de Wythyngtoii excepf uno mes' et duab} 
acris f re vocaf Goscroflhous et una pcella f re vocaf le Med- 
hap, Hend et Tenend omia p'dca mes' t'ras et ten cu ptin pMcis 
Radd et Radd at f miim vite p'dci Radi de Radeclif milif salvo 
Wittmo del Byrches et hered suis unam via ult* p'dcam fram cu 

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curro sno et oib} aliis car'agiis suis a domq dci Witti us% ad coem 
viam in Bisshum. Bedendo inde annaati michi hered et assign' 
meis p p'mos octo annos post dat' p'sent' viginti solidos argenti 
ad festu nativit^ Sci Johis baptist' et natai dni p equales porcdes 
et faciend capitalib} dnis feodi iUius s'vicia inde debita et de jure 
consnef et redendo inde annuati michi et hered meis p quolib 
anno quo p'dci Badi et Badi teneant et habeant p'dca mes' fras 
et ten cu p'tin ult^ p'dcos octo annos decern marcas argenti ad 
festa p'dca p equales porcoes et faciendo capitalib} dnis feodi illius 
s'vicia inde debita et de jure cons'. Et si contingat p'dcm annuale 
yigiuti solidi ad alique t'^milm quo solvi debent a retro esse in pte 
yel in toto seu p'dcm annuale redditii decem marcar' ad alique 
t'mnm quo solvi debent aref esse in pte vel in toto et p viginti 
dies px sequ alique t'mnm p'dcm q^ tnc bene liceat michi p'fato 
Nichd hered et assign meis in p'dcis mes' t'ris et ten cu ptin 
int'^e et ea in statu meo p'stino retinere et pacifice possidere sine 
concencoe p'dci Radi et Bad! seu alicui^ alt'ius et p'dci Radus et 
Badus sustentabunt omes domos supd'cas f ras et ten edificat' et 
eas in adeo bono statu seu meliori quo eas receperunt ad finem 
f mni sui dimittent. Et ego v® p'dcus Nichus et hered mei omia 
p'dca mes' t'ras et ten cu ptin p'dcis Bado et Bado ad fmnm vite 
p'dci Badi de Badeclif milif in forma p'missa cont* omes gentes 
warantizabim^ et defendem^. In cur' rei testimoniu huf' carte 
mee indentate sigillu meu apposui. Daf apud Wythyngtoii die 
dnica px post fm Ascencois dni anno regni reg' Bic' scdi sexto 

21. — Sciant p'sentes et futuri q^ ego Nichus del Platte dedi 
concessi et hac psenti carta mea oonfirmavi Thome de Hultoii 
rectori ecclie de Bury omia t'ras et ten mea cii omib} suis ptin in 
hamella de Busshu in villa de Wythyngton^ Hend et Tenend omia 
p'dca terras et ten cu omibs suis ptin p'fato Thome her' et assig- 

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nat* finis libe quiete bene ct [in] pace de capitaHbs dnis feodi illi^ 
p s'vida inde debita et de jure consuef . Et ego v® pMict Nichus 
et her* mei omia p^det terr' et ten cu oib} snis ptin p'fato Thome 
her' et aasignaf snis cont* omes gentes warantizabimP et imppetnu 
defendemP. In cur^ rei testimoii huic psenti carte mee sigillu 
men apposni, testibj Kado de Stanelay milit'^ Johe de Ashton 
milit', Johe de Hnlton, Edmudo de Workesley, Johe de Banmfort 
et aUis. Daf apnd Bnschu die dnica px post £Si Sci Cedde epi 
anno regni reg' Henr' ipiti post conqnestm Anglie p'mo. 

22. — Sciant p'sentes et fiituri q^ ego Thomas de Hnlton rector 
ecclie de Bury dedi concessi et hac p'senti carta mea confirmavi 
Bico filio Nichi del Plat et Ka¥ine nx'i ejnsd et heredib} int' eosd 
lie [legitime] pcreatis dimidia p'tem nni^ campi qui vocaf le Plat 
fold cu oib3 snis ptin que hui ex dono et feofiamento p'dicf Nichi 
del Plat in le Plat in villa de Wythyngton cuj^ unu capnt exteudit 
se ad domu Edi de Workesley et aliud in le Risshu Broke, Hend 
et Tend p'dca dimidia pHem p'dcti campi cu oib} snis p'tin p'fat' 
Bico et Karine uxi ejnsd et heredibj inf eosd lie pcreatis libe 
quiete bene et in pace de capitalibj dnis feodi illi? p s'vicia inde 
debita et de jure consueta imppetnu. Et ego v^ p'dict Thomas de 
Hulton rector eoclie de Bury et heredes mei p'dicta dimidia p'tem 
pMcti campi p'dict Ric6 et Ka?ine et heredib} int' eosd lie [legitime] 
pcreatis ut p'dictu est contra omes gentes warantizabim^ et imppetnu 
defendem^. In cui^ rei testimoniii huic p'senti carte mee sigillu 
meu apposui hiis testib} Edmo de Trafford, Johe de Hulton de 
fpameworth, Johe de Trafford sen' et multis aliis. Dat' apud le 
Plat in villa de Wythyngton die M'curii px ante festu Sci Nichi 
epi a^* regni regis Henrici quinti post conquestu Anglie tercio. 

28. — In X® sibi . . . Johannis Piatt & Constancie cosortf sue flfr' 
Jacob^ frm mino^ Pston*^ Gardian^ & s'nr^ [servus] salt'm & p 

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p'senf vite indita regna celestia pnderi cu scissimP in x® pat' & 
Dns dom? sixlP dia pMdencia pjp'ia .... solu fr^bj & soror'b} nri 
ordis f\ etia cofir'b3 & cosororib} eiusd Irae suffratriales hu'tib3 de 
benignitate apiica gciose cocessit p qailib3 eoru possit s^ elige 
idoneu cofessore q ipos & ipo^ qaelibj ab oib} & singiis tunb} 
exce88ib3 & pccis in singiis sedii apiice resVatf casibj fei duntaxat 
hoc anno a pablicacoe )ra]^ ppialfn copntado vi} qun^ die mes Ap'lis 
& set in mortf artido ab aliis v^ toties epP fii'it absolv'e & pnam 
salutare in ... . possit ad que & alius cofessor plenaria omium p'ccof 
eorud remissione in v^ mortf artido valerj elargiri p Iras suas 
apticas benigne indulsit ind^cio yre devoc5is q m ob v<^ rev'enda 
ad n'rm hetf ordine since^ cofidihs affcm & acceptas vos in cofrem 
& cosorore & ad univ'sa & singla fr& administdis Anglicane suf- 
fragia recipio tenor' p'sendu in vita pif [pariter] & in morte ut 
deb apHc' p'vilegiis % bono^ spualm bnefidis scdm forma & efTcm 
eorud pfiruam vestro^ ala^ ad salfm, adycies nichUomin^ de g'cia 
spedali ut cu post obitu turn p'sencfh fca fuit exhibico fara^ in 
nf o p'vindali cit [capitulo] eadf p vob fiat recome'dacd q^ p fi^b3 
xiris defiidt ibm recomedatf fieri cosuev't. Valete in x<> ihu Sc 
cratf pmo. Daf p'stone octavo die mes Marcii anno Dni Miifano 

24. — Univ^sis & singiis psentes iras insp'tur' Kath'na nup ux' 
Rici Plat sallm. KoVit' me in pura viduetate mea dedisse oon- 
cessisse & lioc p'senti scripto meo confirmasse Edmudo Trafford 
militi omia bona mea & catalla mobilia & immobilia ubicu% 
inv'int^ Hend & Tend omia bona & catalla p'dca p'fat' Edmudo Sc 
assign suis libe & quiete sine aliq* cont^ede mei p'fatf Kath'ne 
hered sen exec' meo^ aut alio^ noie nro quo^oncuq^ imppetm. In 
cur^ rei testiom huic p'senti scpto meo sigiUu meu apposui hiis 
testibj Badd Prestwiche, Thoma Trafford, Hug' Scoles capeUa & 
multf aliis. Dat' die Venis px post festu Sci Hillar' anno regni 
regis Henr' sexti post conquestm decimo octavo. 

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25. — In noie Dni ameu. Ego Ricardus Plat Anglicus scutifer 
lego seu contribuo aiam mea Deo oipotenti & beate Marie virgini 
& omib} scis & reliuquo corpus meu seu cadaver vermib} atq^ 
sepeliri in pro* sci s samtini foro meli? Dioc' Maiden, cupimus q^ 
de bonis michi a Deo collate p salute aie mee pvide. F'mo fado 
seu ordino test^ seu ultiam volu'tem in modum qui sequitur. 
Primo volo & cupio q malefacta mea at% debita si po^^ [possibile] 
sit restaurentur ac eciam emendentur. Deinde ea que debeo & 
legata mea infra scripta^ yolens et ordinans q si aHquid residm in- 
vents fait ultra ea que distribuo in fine dier' meor* q p manm 
executoris nn Johnis Plat filii mei disponatur et ordinate meliori 
modo q ei p salute mea q yidit^ exped'i. Primo do & lego eccie 
p'd' in qua corpus meu p mic^ jacet seu requiescit unu nobile auri 
p sepultura mea. Post meo ^fessoii vero Johani Richebery seu 
aie mee medico tria nobilia auri. ItC Gaufrido filio meo quadra^ 
nobilia ^cedo^ & residm volo & ordino q p manus executoris Johns 
Plat filii mei disponat' & ordinet^ & ipm ^stituo Jolmm Plat exe- 
cutore meu, dans & ^cedeus ei executori meo plenam p'tatem & 
madatum spale omia & singia p'missa exeque'di augendi ^. . . . c'di 
ac eciam defalcandi & in melius disponedi si ncce fait put execu- 
tor meus legitime ^stitutus pot'it & debuerit p salute aie mee £ace. 
Volo & ordino q istud test^m seu ultima voluntas duret usq^ ad 
imppetuum. In cur' rei testimoniu sui acta eit' hec cora Johe 
Kichebery pbro et in domo habitadonis dicti testatoris p^ntib} 
Johe Gauwen & Roberto Boston, Johe Nuehyc cu plib} aliis 
testib} fide dignis ad p'missa vocatf piterq^ rogat^. Act' anno Dni 
M^cocc^^xxxixo die quarta meS Septebris. J. Ruschebery. 

Seal, pendant, of greenish wax, vesica-shaped, bearing in a 
three-gabled niche a Priest or Bishop in vestments or robes, per- 
haps mitred, holding in his left hand a palm branch, or rather an 
aspergam or sprinkler. Legend in Lombardic capitals : 8[igilluh] 


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26. — Sciant p'sentes et faturi q^ ego Johes del Plat concessi 
tradidi et ad firma dimisi Katarine nup ux'i Rici del Plat unm 
mesuag' vocat^ Goscrofthous cum quod™ orreo et duab} acris t're 
et uno gardino pMcti mesuag' p'tinent in le Plat in hamella de 
Bisshum, Hend et Tend eidm Ka?ine ad t^minm vite sue, Red- 
dendo inde annuati p'dco Johi hered(^ et assignat' snis quatuor 
solid' legat monete ad festii Nat. Sci Johis Bapt' p omibj s'viciis. 
Et si contingat p'dict reddif a retro esse in pte vel in toto ad festu 
pMcm q^ tnc bene Uceat p'fat' Job! bered et assign suis in p'dco 
mesuag' distring'e et districoes sic capt' asportare et penes se 
retinere quousc]^ de pMco reddit^ omes arreras ejusd fu'ont eidm 
Johi bered sen assignat' suis plenar** fuit satisffSn. In cui^ rei 
testimoniu huic p'senti scr'pto meo sigillu meu apposui biis testib) 
Rado Bircbes^ Rob?o Byrcbes, Wiiio Hunt et multis aliis. Dat' 
apud le Plat xxTJ^ die Augusti anno regni reg' Henr' sexti post 
conquestu vicesimo octavo. 

27. — Prater RicuS minist' dom? Sci RobH juxta Knaresburgb 
Ordis see t'nitatis et Redempcois captior qui snt icarcati [incar- 
cerati] p fide Jbu x^ a paganis Jobni Plat et Constancie ux' sue 
saltm et sincam iir dno caritatem. Cum i p^ilegiis apticis p sac<^- 
sanctum sedih apHcam notS et ordini nri p'dicto ab antiq^s tempib} 
indultis et p eandem eodm de novo canoice cofirmatis que oet'a 
qdm spaba ^tineant indulta ^tinere sbsequentf Dinib} v'e pec- 
cantib3 & cofess qui adsu fee n tacie} dci ordis man^ vorre^int' 
adint'ces sex anos & octoginta dies de i mdta peia relaxim^. Eciam 
eocedim^ q oes cofratres et cdsorores dci ordis qui dedint c'tam 

p [? pordonem] bonor' suor* et annuati frat'b} v'l nu ars 

eiusdem ordis bnficia q soVint possint S elig'e annuati frat'b3 v1 
nnors eiusdem ordis bnficia p soPit possint S elig'e annuati ydoneu 
p'sVum cu cofessore qui eor* cofessionibj dil'get^ auditis eis p 
comiss peia i pende yaleat salutare n talia sint pp que sedes apiica 


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sat iuxta cosut de se qUib3 cosuet habit se^psum Richo frat' nuatis 
& eidm sepult^am ecia facit no neque co qfcuq^ morte moriat' n 
noiata sint exeoit?. Si quis bnfactor infra ann moriaf de oib} 
pccatis suis ve^ cotcis & cofess' est de nra grz spali absolut^ ca<> de 
abusionib} no obstante. Nos rre de^ocois qua frat' netati dicti 
ordis hmtic postulat' macipari s'viciu cosid'antes afft^m vos in 
cofratre & eosorore n'ri ordis te nove p'sonam ante nob indulta 
admHam^ & coTs dun^ ve' dictis & aliis p'vilegiis nri ordis cofratib} 
emseru indultis scdm forma & essenc eordm libe p finam vrox 
max ad saltm. Adiam^ isnp vob biificiu dco gra spaii p cu in nro 
coventuali cbP rey obitum vrum p'sonem fca Pint exhibico trar 
eadm p yob fiet comendaco que p fratb} nris defunctis ibm fieri 
cosvent. In cui^ rei testimon sigillu nrm p'sentib} e appensii. 
Dat' domo nro p'dicto anno dni Millmo eccc 1 yj*®. 

[Endorsed :] Aucte dei pris oipotetf & beor Sci Pet'i & Panli 
aptor ei^ de aucto toti^ mat'is ecclie & papat indulgecie m^ in hae 
pte ^missa ego absolvo te ab oib} pecat' tuis oblit' de quib} velles 
^''fiteri si tue occurrerent memorie 8c semel in vita de oTb} casib} 
sedi aptice qnomodolibt' reservatC 8c de quib} sedes ipa cet' inc'to 
^sulenda. Aucte dni pape pii secudi absolvo te eciam articto 
mort^ plena remissione omiu pecor' tuor' in (fntu elaves ecdie se 
extednt aucte istar' irar' apiicar' tibi do 8c ^cedo in noie p'ris 8cc. 

28. — Sciant presentes & futuri q^ nos Cnstancia nup uxor 
Johis Platte & Bicus Platte filius & heres p^dict Johis & Cnstancia 
dedim^ concessim^ & hac presenti carta nra indentat' confirmavim^ 
WiUmo Addeshede de Mamcestr' unm burgagiu nrm jacens in le 
Milnegate infra villam de Mamcestre inf tenement' Johis Brad- 
ford ex una pte 8c tenement' p'dict Rici modo in tenura uxis Nichi 
Shelm'dyn ex alt'a parte &; continens in longitudine ab alta yia 
usq^ ad aquam de Irke quod quid'm burgagiu modo est in tenura 
p'dicti Willi Addeshed. Hcnd 8c Tenend p'dict' burgagiii cu 

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omib} comoditatib) libtatib} & aliis suis p'tin p^fat Wittmo here- 
dibj & assignat' suis imppetuu. Beddendo inde aunuati nobis 
pYat^ Cnstanc & Rico heredib} & assignat' nris septem solidos 
legalis monete Anglie ad ffesta Natalis Dni & Nat' Sancti Johis 
Bapt' p equales porciones^ et capit' Dnis feodi itt annnati duodecim 
denar' ad flFest' diet* ville de Mamcestr' visitat* & consuet\ Et si 
contingat diet' reddit' septem solidor' a ret<^ esse in pte vel in toto 
ad aliquod fPest' quo solvi debeat & p viginti dies extunc px se- 
queuf tunc bene liceat nobis p'fat CnstanS & Rico heredibj & 
assignaf nris in diet' bui^agio distringe & districciones sic capt' 
abduce asportare effugare impeare & penes nos retinere quousq^ de 
p'dict^ reddit' cum arreragiis eiusd'm sique fumt plenar' fu'imus 
satisffact'. Et si contingat diet' reddit' septem solidor^ a ret<> esse 
in pte yel in toto ad aliquod ffest' quo solvi debeat & p quadra- 
ginta dies extunc px sequent' et sufficiens districcio in diet' 
burgag inveniri non pot'it tunc bene liceat nobis p'dict' Cnstancie 
& Ricd heredibus & assignaf nris in dicf burgagiu cum ptin 
reintr^e rehabere & in pristine statu retiner' hac carta 8c seisina 
inde hit in aliquo non obstant'. Et nos vero p'dict' CnatanS & 
Bicus & heredes nostri p'dief burgagiu cum omnibus libtatib3 
fraunchesiis & aliis eius ptin p'fat Wilhno heredibus & assignaf 
suis in forma p'dict' contra omes gentes warrantizabimus acquie- 
tabim^ & imppetuum defendmus. Et ult'ius nov'itis nos p'faf 
Cnstancia & Biciim attornasse & in loco nro posuisse dilectm 
nobis in xpo Thoma Bradford capellanu ac vicariu coUegii de 
Mamcestre & Henricum Leylond fideles attomat' nros con^^ & di^ 
ad deliband pro nobis & noib} nris p'fat' Willmo plenam & paci- 
ficam possessione & seisiuam de & in p'dict' burgagiu cu ptin 
s'cdm vim forma & eflfcm p'sent' carte nre indentat' rat' & grat' 
hent & hilur' quicquid iidm attomaf nri noie nro fecmt sen eor' 
alt' fecit in p''missis. In cui^ rei testimoniu huic p'senti carte nic 
indentaf sigiUa nra apposuim^ hiis testibus Thoma Olgreve^ Johe 

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Budde^ Johe Bradford, Radulpho Prowdeluffe, laurencio Hulme 
& aliis. Dat^ duodecimo die Augusti anno regni regis Henrici 
septimi post conquestum Anglie quinto. 

29. — This endentnre made betwene Robt Mascy son & heire of 
Edward Masey gentilman Cnstance late the iriS of John Platte 
and Ric' Platte his son opon that one ptie, and Laurence Kyrk- 
halgh of Manchestr' opon that 07' ptie^ — Wittenessith that the 
said Laurence grauntes hj thes p'sentes to wedde and take to wiff 
Cnstance Mascy sust' of the said Bobt afor the ffest of Saynt 
Bartholomew next to come aft^ the date herof if the said Cnstance 
Mascy will then aggree, fPor the which the said Bobt Mascy 
g'untes to pay or cause to be paied to the said Laurence or his 
assignes xiiij mrcs of leale money of Englond in man^ & forme 
folowyng, that is to witte yerely xiij» iiij* at the ffestes of the 
nativite of Saynt John the Baptist & the birthe of oure Lord by 
even porcions duryng x yeres unto such tyme as the said x mrcs 
be fully content & paied. And the saides Cnstance late the wiff of 
John Platte & Bic' Platte graunte by thes p^sentes that the said 
Laurence shall have & yerely recyve xxvj" viij*^ of such teniTtes as 
yai have assigned hym within the towne of Mamchestr' duryng 
the t'me of v yeres next suying the date herof^ that is to witte 
unto the tyme the said Laurence have receyved of the said 
teniTtes x mrcs, and ov^r this the said Bobt Mascy grauntes by 
thes p'sentes that he shall make or cause to be made a sure and a 
lawfuU astate of all the londcs and .tencmentes, rentes, revisions & 
s'vices w^ yaire appurtennce that the said Bobt now has or stondes 
seased of or may have or stonde seased of within the counties of 
Lancastr' & Chestr' or oy places within the realmes of England 
or Irland to iij certen psons by the said Bobt Mascy & Laurence 
to be named, To have and to holde to the said certen psons yaire 
heires & yaire assignes to th'entente that the saides feoffees shall 

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muke or cause to be made a suffieiant & a lawful! astate to the 
said Bobt Mascy & to the heires of his bodie lawfully begetten of 
all the saides londes & tenementes^ rentes^ revisions & sMces w^ 
yaire appurtennce. And if it happen the said Kobt Mascy wk>ute 
heires of his bodie lawfully begetten to discesse that then all the 
said londes & tentes, rentes, revisions & s'yice imediatly aft' the 
discesse of the said Kobf shall descende, rev^te, remayn or come 
to the said Cnstance Mascy sust' of the said Bobt & to the heires 
of hir bodie lawfully begetten, dower or dowers of wiff or wiffes of 
the said BoM alwayes except; and for defaute of heires of the 
said Cnstance, that then all the said londes, tenementes, rentes, 
revisions & sMces, except before excepted, to remayn to the right 
heires of the said RobH for ev' ; and thes astates to be made afor 
the ffest of the nativite of Saynt John the Baptist next to come 
aflr' the date herof. Also the said Robl grauntes that he & ij 
Buffidant p'sons w^ hym shall be bounden to the said Laurence by 
yaire obligacion of C m^'rc, which obligacon shall haye such con- 
dicon that if the said Robl opoii his ptie well b truly holde, kepe 
& pforme all man' of grauntes & covnntes comprised in thes 
endentures, that then that obligacion be yoide & elles to stonde 
in strength & effect. In witenesse wherof to thes p'sent enden- 
tures the pties aforsaid enfchaungeably have sett yaire scales, 
thes wittenesse B.ic' Bexwik th'elder, Henr' Leylond, Bog' Sonde- 
forth & oy". Yeven the xxiiij*^ day of July the yere of the regne 
of Kyng Henr' the vij^ aft' the conquest of Englond the ix^. 

30. — Sdant presentes et futuri q^ ego Johes Piatt de Byss- 
hulme in com Lane, gen'os' dedi concessi et hac pnti carta mea 
indentat^ confirmavi Jahanue Lawrance relict' Jacobi Lawrance 
nup de Mamcest' defunct' duo messuag' sive tent nuc in sepalib} 
tenuris sive occupatidb} Margaret' relict' Edmundi Duncuthley et 
Radulphi Duncuthley in Bisshulm in com Lancast' predict' et duas 

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clausoras sive p'oellas terr' vocat' Hallefelde et Brucfelde nuc in 
tenura siye occupacoe mei predict' Johis Piatt Habend et tenend 
omia et singla predict' messuag' f ras et tenta ac alta premiss' cu 
oib} et singtis suis ptinen prefate Jahane Lawrance et assignat' 
suis p t'mno vite ipius Jahane in noie totius dotis et junctur' 
eidm Jahane contingent. Et ego vero p'dict Johes Piatt et hered' 
mei omia predict messuag sive tenta cu duabus clausur* sive 
pcellis terre predict' ac cef a premissa cu suis ptin' prefat' Jahanne 
Lawrence durant' tota vita natundi ipius Jahanne in forma pre- 
dict^ cont* oes gentes warantizabim^ et imppetm defendem^ p 
presentes. Ac insup sciatis me prefat' Johem Piatt attomasse 
deputasse et in loco meo posuisse dilectos micbi in Chro Thoma 
Jackeson et Badulphu Birche de Ma'cesf meos veros et legittimos 
attomat con™ et di™ an intrand p me et in noie meo in oia et 
singla predict' messuag terr' et tent ac cet'a premiss' cu oibj et 
singtis suis ptin. Et post talem ingress' inde p me et in noie meo 
plena et pacifica possessions et seisina prefaf Jahanne Lawrance 
ad deliberand' s™ vim forma et effectu hujus p'ntis carte mee 
indentat' ei confect Rat et graf hent et habitur' totu et quicquid 
enf attomat' mei noie meo fecint sen eorii alf fecit in premissis. 
In cujus rei test"^ huic present' carte mee indentat' sigillu meu 
apposui. Dat' tercio die Junij anno regni Edwardi Sexti Dei grz 
Anglic ffrauncie et Hib'nie regis fidei defensoris ac in t'ris sub xpo 
ecclie Anglica et Hibcmie an' diet' capitis supremi primo. 


81. — Sciant psentes et futuri q^ ego Johes Plate de Ryssholme 
in com Lane' gen'osus p cert' causis me moventib}^ dedi concessi 
et hac p'senti carta mea indentat' confirmavi Wittmo Plate filio 
meo juniori quandam messuag' sive pcella terre jacenf sive exist- 
ent' in Rysholme p'dict' in com p'dict' que extendit unu acru et 
dimidiu terre vocat' the Crofte sup Ryssholme Grene et niic in 
tenur' et occupacoe mei p'dct Johi Plate, Hend et Tend p'dict 

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messuagiu sive pciella terre cu omib} et singlis suis ptin p^fat 
Wifimo et assignat^ stiis durante vita ipius Wifilocii. Reddendo 
inde annnatim michi pMict Johi hered et assignaf meis unu 
granu pepi ad festu natalis dni si petit p omibj reditt et s'vic 
pviso semp q^ p'dict Willm? Platte fecit sMciu suu ad p'dict* 
Johem Plate et hered suos tamdiu p'fat^ Willm? Platte & assignat' 
sois habuerit sive occupayerit p^dict mesuag^ sive pcella terre^ et 
si p'fet Willm? negat facer^ s^viciii suu ad p'dict Jobem et hered 
suis q^ tunc bene licebit michi p'dict' Johi Platte hered et as- 
signaV meis in p'dict' messuagiu sive pcella terre cu ptin refaere 
[? rehabere] et in p'stino statu nro ea retinere banc psenti carta 
indentat^ et seisina inde delibat' ulia modo non obstanf . Et ego 
vero pYat Johes Plate & hered mei omia p'dict^ messuag' sive 
pcella terre cu omib3 et singlis suis ptin pYat Wifimo Platte et 
assignat^ suis cont* omes gentes warrantizabim^ et defendem^ 
imppetuu p p'sentes. Ac insup sciant me pfat^ Johem Piatt 
atto^asse deputasse et in loco me posuisse dilect' michi in xpo 
Bichardu Platte seniore et Johe P^cevall: meos veros et legittimos 
attomaf conjunctim et divisim ad intrandii p me et in noie meo 
in p'dict' messuagia sive pcella terre cu ptin. Et post talem in- 
gressu inde p me et in noie meo plena et pacific^ possessione et 
seisina p'£at^ Wifimo Platte ad deliband scdm vim forma et effect' 
huf psentis carte mee indentate inde ei confect' raf et grat^ hent 
et hitur^ totu et quicquid diet' atto'naf me noie meo fecnt seu eor' 
alf fecif in pmissis. In cui? rei testimoniu huic psenti carte mee 
indentaf sigillu meu apposui. Dat' decimo tercio die Augnsti 
anno regni regis Edwardi sexti Dei gra' Anglie ffirancie et Hiber- 
nie regis fidei defensoris et in terr' ecclie Anglicane et Hibemie 
siip'mi capitis secudo. 

82. — This indentur made the viij*^ daye of Marche in the sext 
jer' of the reigne of our Sav'aign lorde Edward the sext by the 

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grace of God Eyng of England ffrannce & Ireland defendo' of the 
faithe and of the Churche of England and also of Ireland in erthe 
the su^me hede — betwen Rauff Hunt of Chorletoii in the pyiaahe 
of Manehestr^ in the countye of Lane' husbandman apon the one 
ptye^ and Rychard Platte son & heyr apparinte of Jhoii Platte of 
Byssholme in the seid pisshe & countye gent' apon the other ptye 
— wittenessithe that the seid Banff Hunt for a certen some of 
good & lawfull money of England to hym fully payd before the 
date of thes psentes by the forseid Bychard Platte haithe by the 
lycence consent & agrement by the Byght Wourslupfull Jhon 
Bothe of Barton in the countye aforseid esquier & landlord to the 
seid Banff Hunt haith dymysed grnnted sette betaken & to ferme 
letten & by thes psentes dothe dymyse grnnte sette betake & to 
ferme lette to the seid Bychard Platte one close called lyttle Shote 
conteynyng three acres 8c a halfe lyeng in Chorleton afforseid 
pcell of the tenement whyche one Margaret Hunt wydowe late 
wyffe of Jhon Hunte disceased & the seid Bauffe Hunt have & 
hold of the seid Jhon Bothe as teiintes at wylle to the same Jhon, 
To hare & to hold the seid close w^ th'apptennces to the seid 
Bychard Platte & hys assignes from the daye of the dysceasse of 
the seid Margaret Hunt wydowe duryng the t'me & space of sex 
yeres next aftr' immedyatly folloyng the same daye of the disceaae 
of the seid Margaret & fully to be complete fynysshed & endet 
w*oute lette or impedj^ment of the seid Banff Hunt hys wyffe 
chyldren executors admynystrators or assignes or of any of them 
duryng the seid t'me yeildyng & paying therfore jerely aft* the 
dyscease of the seid Margaret Hunt to the seid Bauffe Hunt hys 
executors or assignes one pepercorne at the feaste of Penthecoste 
if it be lawfully asked and demaunded for all rentes s'vyces & 
demaundes to the seid close belongyng duryng the t'me aforseid. 
In wittenes wherof the ptyes afforseid to thies psentes indentures 
interchnngeablye have sette ther sealles the daye & yer' fyrste 
above wrytten. 

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88. — This indenture made the ffourthe daie of Marche in the 
ffirste yere of the reigne of our Sovereigne ladie Mary by the 
grace of God of Englannde ffrannee and Irelande queue deffender 
of the fPaythe and in earthe next under Ood the supreame heade 
of the ehurche of Englannde and also of Irelannde — betwene 
Johane Piatt wydowe late wiflTe of John Piatt in the countie of 
Lane' gent, deceased upon th'on partie, and Ric' Platte sonne and 
heir of the said John Piatt aforsaid gent, upon th'other partie — 
"wittenessith that the said Johane ffor dyvers and soundrye good 
reasonable causes & considerac6ns in the daie of the date hereof 
her speciallye moving have demysed graunted sett betaken and to 
ferme letten and by these presentes indenture dothe demyse^ 
graunte^ sett^ betake and to ferme lett unto the said Richard Piatt 
too messuages or tenementes now or late in the severall tenures or 
occupacons of Margarete late wiflfe of Edmound Duncuthley and 
Rauffe Duncuthley in Rysshulme aforsaid and also too closes or 
parcels of ground called Hall ffelde and Brucke fielde now or late 
in 'the tenure or occupacon of John Piatt aforsaid deceassed^ To 
have and to holde all and singuler comodities easementes liberties 
proffettes and advantages to the same appertaynyng or in any 
wyse belonginge to the said Richard Plat his heirs executours or 
assignes ymmediatlye next after the daie of the date hereof unto 
th'ende and terme and during all the tyme and t'me of the liffe 
naturall of the said Johane Plat widow and during all suche terme 
title and interest as she hathe in too or upon the same or in to 
and upon every part or parcell thereof, yelding and paying therfor 
yerelie unto the said Johane Piatt widow or her assignes the some 
of ffoure markes thre shillinges fPoure pense of good and lawfull 
money of Englannd at too feastes or termes in the yere, that is to 
saie at in or upon the ffeaste daye of Sainct John Bap^ xxviij' 
iiij^, and at in or upon the feaste daye of the birthe of o^ Lord 
Jesu Christe other xxviij" iiij* by even porcons, fforseing alwayes 

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and it is of both the said parties cov'nted and agreed that the 
firste payment shall comense & beginn at the ffeaste of Sainct 
John Bapt® next ensuyng the dale of the date hereof. And if it 
happen the said yerelie rent of iiij merkes iij^ iiij^ or any part or 
parcell thereof to be behinde unpaid in part or in all by the space 
of ffourtie dayes at any or anther of the said fiPeastes at w^ yt 
ought to be paid at, then yt shalbe lawfull to and for the said 
Johane Flatt widow or her assignes to entre in^ have agayne and 
repossede the said too messuages or tentes and the said too percels 
of ground and all other the premysses with tVappurtennces, and 
in her former or f&rst estate to stande^ any thing or thinges herein 
conteyned or specyfied to the contrary made in any wise notwith- 
standing. In wytnesse whereof to these present indentures the 
parties aforsaid enterchangeable have setto thair scales the daye 
and yere flSrste above wryten. 

34. — Devotis & in xpo sibi dilectf Rychero Plate & Annes firat' 
Matheus Evys p^^or covent^ frm ordinis Pdicato^ Cestr' licet 
indignus saltih & augmentu cdtinuu celestiu gra^ exigente v^re 
devocois afiPectu que ad nrm hetf ordinem & coventu vobis omi 
missaj^ oronu pMicacom jeiunio^ abstinecia^ vigiliaj^ labor' cetor 
bonor^ que p fres nri covent^ Dns fieri dederit univ'sos pticipacone 
cocedo tenore p'sencm spale in vita pit' [pariter] et in morte. 
Volo insup et ordino vt post deces^ v'ros aie v're firm tociu^ 
coveni? oronib) recomendent' in nro conventuali capitulo si v'ri 
ibidm obit^ fuerint nuciati & immigant' p ipis misse et orones sic^ 
p frib} nris & amycis deflftmctf fieri cosuevyt. In cui^ cdcessiois 
testimoniii sigittm officii mei psentib} el appensvi. Dat' Cestrie in 
festo purifficacio* beate Marie anno Dili m<>ccccco quigeutesimo v<>. 

Seal : Bed wax^ vesica-shaped^ bearing two priestly figures, much 

defaced. Legend, also defaced: sioillum peioris pbb...ioa 


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35. — To all trew Christen people to whome thes prentes shall 
come. John Hunte of the parrishe of Mamch' in the countye of 
Lancastre coinonly called John Hunte of the ffieldes or blake 
stake^ husbandman, sendethe gretinge. Whereas I have and 
holde one mease or tenemente withe th^appurtenanncS commonly 
called Huntes of the ffielde or Blake Stake, set, standinge, lyenge 
and beinge in the parrishe of Manch'^ in the countye of Lancastre 
now in the holdinge of me the said John Hunte and myne assignes 
for and duringe the tyme and terme of xxi*** yeres of the demyse 
and graunte of the worshipfull John Boothe of Barton in the 
countye of Lancastre esquier as by a writinge or dede indented 
thereof made beringe date the xvij^^ daye of Auguste in the thrid 
yere of the raingne of the Queues mooste excellent maiestie that 
nowe ys more at large yt may appeare : Know ye me the said 
John Hunte for dyvers and sundre good reasonable causes and 
consideracons me in this behalff esspecially movinge, to have 
geven^ graunted, surrendred, assigne and sett overr unto Margaret 
Platte doughter of Bicharde Platte of Rissheholme in the countye 
of Lancastre gent, all my right, tytle, estate, use, possession, 
dame and demaunde what so ever whiche I have in and to the 
saide mease or tenemente withe th'appurtnnces or in or to any 
parte or pcell thereof, or hereafter shall and maye have or of right 
owe to have in and to the same. To have and to holde enioy and 
occupie all and singuler as well the saide mease or tenemente 
withe th^appurtennces and every parte & parcell thereof and all 
my right, tytle, estate, use, possession, clame and demaunde what 
so ever w^^ I have or hereafter shall and maye have or of right 
owe to have in and to the same or in or to any parte or pcell 
therof, as also the said lease or writtinge indented to the said 
Margaret Piatt and her assignes duringe the tyme and terme of 
so many yeres as are yet to come unexpired mencyoned in the 
said lease or writinge indented, without let, varyance, sute, treble. 

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striflFe, debate, disturbance^ ympedyment or agaynesainge of me 
the said John Hunte my executours, admynystratours or assignes 
or any of us or any other pson or psons for us or in our names by 
our villes^ consent or abetement in eny manor. In witnes where- 
of I the said John Hunte have caused this to be made^ and hare 
putto my scale and signed the same withe my hande the xix^ daye 
of Aprill in the twelthe yere of the raingne of our soveraingne 
Ladie Elizabethe by the grace of God of England fEraunce and 
Irelande Quene^ deffendo' of the faythe &c. 

36. — Sciant p^sent' et futur* quod nos Bicus Piatt de Piatt in 
com Lancastr' gen. et Johes Flatt filius et heres apparens p^d 
Bici pro et in consideracone cujusdam maritag* in posterm habend 
et celebrand inter me p'd Johem Piatt ex una pHe et Elizabetham 
Birche filiam Thome Birche de Hindley Birche in com pM gen. ex 
altera p'te. Dedimus, concessimus et hac p^senti charta nra in- 
dentata confirmavimus p'd Elizabethe Birche omia ilia messuagia 
terras tents reddit' s'vic et hereditamets cii p''tin in Withington 
vulgariter vocat' et nuncupat' le Haull fielde continent* in se p 
estimacoem quinq^ acras et dimid* acr^ terre duas clausur* terre et 
pasture vocat* Brocke fielde continent' in se p estimacoem sex 
acras et dimid' acr* terre, pratu sive clausur* terre et pasture 
vocat' le Middope cu pHin continent' in se p estimacoem una roda 
terre et tent cu suis p'tinen' modo in tenura et occupacoe Wittmi 
Piatt fratris p'dci Rici et assigna;tor' suor' existeu' parceH: heredi- 
tament' p'd Biici necnon rev'coem et rev'coes omniu et singtor 
pmissor' cu primo et proximo accidere et evenire contiger'. 
Habend et Tenend oia et singta p'd messuagia terras, tent, reddif , 
s'vic' et hereditamet ac cetera quecuq^ p'missa cu suis ptin et 
rev'coem ac rev'coes eoriidem cu acciderint p'fat Elizabethe Birche 
et assignatis suis pro terino vite sue et durante toto termino vite 
naturalis p'd Elizabethe Birche absq^ impetuoe alicujus vasti pro 

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et in noie totios juctare sue. Et nos vero p'd Bicus et Johes Piatt 
et heredes nri omia et singta pM messuagia^ terras, tent, reddit% 
sMc et hereditament' ac cetera qnecuq^ p'missa cu sais pHin ac 
rev'edem et recedes eorndem p'fat Elizabethe Birche et assignatis 
snis pro termid vite sue et durante toto termio vite naturalis p'd 
Elizabethe Birche pro et in noie totius juncture sue contra omes 
holes warrantizabimus et imppetuu defendemus p psentes. In 
cuius rei testimoniu ptes supradict' sigilla sua altematim psentibus 
apposuerunt. Data xv<> die Decembris anno regni diie nre Eliza- 
bethe Dei gra' Anglie ffrauncie et Hibernie regine fidei defensor' 
&c. decimo nono. 

87. — Lane. Inquisicd indentata apud Wiggan in com Lane. 
Decimo die Septembris anno regni dne nre Elizabeth dei gra 
Anglie ffrauncie et Hibiiie regine fidei defensor' &c. tricessimo 
quinto coram Thoma Hesketh ar' escaetor due regine com sui 
pallantini Lane, Robto Filkington aro feodar' dee dne regine com 
pred' Jacobo Woorthington et B>ado Haghtone gener' virtute 
oomissionis dee diie regine in natura Bris [Brevis] de diem dit 
[clausit] extremu pred' comissionar' et aliis direct' et huic inqui- 
sicoi annexat' ad inquirend' post mortem Bichi Piatt gen. dcAmcf 
p sacrm Thome Lane ari, Bobti Hindley gener., Rogeri Bradshawe 
gen.y Johis Dewhurste gen., Thome M arkland gen., WiHi Ascrofte 
gen., Milonis Gerrard gen. et Thome Tarlton gen. Qui dicunt 
sup sacr'm suii q^ Bichardus Piatt in dicta comissione noiat die 
ante obitu suu fuit seifus in dnico suo ut de feodo de et in uno 
mess' Yiginti octo acr' terr' duobus acr' prati decem acr' pastur* cu 
ptin Rysheholme in Wythington in dco com Lane', ac de et in 
uno burgagio et uno gardino cu p'tin in Manchester in com pred. 
Et sic inde sei^ existens pred Bichus Piatt die ante obitu suu p 
chartam sua indentata geren' dat decimo quinto die Decembris 
anno regni dee due regine decimo nono, dedit et concessit cuidam 

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Elizabethe Piatt vidue nup uxor' Johis Piatt defanct' p nomen 

Elizabethe Birche cem acr* terr' prati et pastur' cu ptin 

in Rysheholme pred' pceH: premissor' Heud et Tend pred' Eliza- 
bethe p terminu vite sue que quidem Elizabetha adhuc superstes 
est et in plena vita existit vi} apud Bisheholme pred in com pred. 
Et ulterius jurator^ pred dicunt q^ pred Richus Piatt sic de pMict' 
mess' terr' et teiitis seit existen' quarto die Augusti anno Dni 
1590 condidit et constituit ultima voluntate sua inscript' et sigillo 
ipius Biici sigillat' et p eandem voluntatem dedit et concessit 
Issabell Piatt uxor' pred' Kichi Piatt unu cotagiu et quatuor 
decern acr' terr' prati et pastur' et unu croft contin' p estimacoem 
dimid acr* cu ptin in Rysheholme ali' pceft premissor', Hend et 
Tenend pred Elizabeth [sic] p termin' vite sue put p pred volun- 
tate jurator' pdict' sup capcoem hujus iuquisicois in evident osten' 
plenius liquet et apparet, que quidem Issabella adhuc superstes est 
et in plena vita existit vi} apud Rysheholme pred in com p'd. Et 
juratores ulterius dicunt q^ pred messuag" terr' et teiita cu suis 
p'tin in Rysheholme pred tenent' et tempore mortis pred Rich! 
tenebanf^ de dna regina ut de nap hospitali Sci Johis Jretem in 
Anglia p annual reddit' quatuor solid et reddendo ad mortem 
cujuscun% tenentis ejusdem terraru p'tem catellor' mobiliu ejus- 
dem tenentis p omib} servic'^ et valent p ann in oib} exitib} ultra 
reprisas vigint' sex solid et octo denar'. Et quod pdict mess' 
burgag' et gardin' cu suis p'tin in Manchester pred in com pred 
tenentur et tempore mortis p'd Richardi tenebant' de dno de 
Manchester in socagio p reddit' de duodece denar' p omib) servic* 
et valent p ann in oib} exitibus ultra reprisas ij". Et q^ pred 
Richus Piatt in dca comissione noiat obiit de tali statu ut p'fertur 
seilus scdo die Junii ultim preterit'. Et q^ Edmundus Piatt est 
filius et heres pred Richardi et est etatis die capcois hujus iuquisi- 
cois octo annor' octo mensiu et viginti septem dier*. Et ulterius 
juratores dicunt q<^ pred Richus Piatt dca comissione noiat nulla 

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alia sive plura messnag' terra tenia aut hereditamenta huit seu 
tenuit de dca dna regina nee de aliquibus aliis p^sonis in emlo 
revercde nee in servicd dicto die quo obiit in dco com Lane' aliter 
q'm ut supMict^ est. In cujus rei testimoniu uni p'ti hujus inqai- 
sicois tarn p^fat comissionar' q^m jurator* pred sigilla sua apposu- 
erunt alter* vero p^ti hujus inquisicois penes p^fat jurator* remanen' 
pYat comiss' sigilla sua apposuerunt. Datu die anno et loco primo 

Family of Birch. 

1. — Sciant psentes et fiituri quod ego Matheus filius Mathei 
de Hav'sage concessi et confinnavi M^theo filio Mathei de Byrchis 
et heredib} suis tota t'rara de Hyndley Byrchis pro homag* et 
s'vicio suo ; videlicet infra has devisas Incipiendo ad magna 
fossam, delude ex transverso usque ad devisas del Plat^ et deinde 
aput Aquilonem usque in Gorbroke ; assendendo fluvium aque de 
Gorbroke usque ad vadu de Busseford et deinde sequendo le 
Matregate usque ad magna fossam^ et sequendo magna fossam 
usque ad divisas del Plat. Et sciend* est q^ p'dictus Matheus 
quietus erit de pannageo in nemore meo de Wythyngton de omni- 
bus porcis suis et molet bladum suum hopurfre ad omnes molend' 
meos sine midtura infra feodu de Wythyngton. Tenend et Ha- 
bend sibi et heredib} suis de me et heredib} meis in feodo et in 
hereditate libe quiete pacifice iutegre in boscis in planis in pasturis 
in moris in aquis in exitibus in introitibus et in oib} aliis aysia- 
mentis et libdlrtatib} ad villam de Wythyngton ptinent*. Reddendo 
inde annuatim michi et heredib3 meis tres solidos argenti de se et 
heredib} suis pro omnib} serviciis exacconib} consuetudinib} vide- 
licet xviij denar* ad Annunciationem Beate Marie et xviij denar* 
ad festu Beati Michaelis. Et ego pfat' Matheus et heredes mei 

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istam confirmacoem dicto Matheo et heredibus suis contra omnes 
homines et feminas imppetuum warrantizabimus et defendemus. 
Et ut hec mea concessio et cofirmaco rata et stabilis imppetuum 
p'maneat huic psenti scripto sigillu meum apposui hiis testib} 
Domino Galfrido de Chetham, Ad'de Buri, Wiftmo Doly militib3, 
Boberto de Buru, Ryehardo de Trafford, RoV de Redyche, Wilhno 
de Heyton, Bycho de Chorleton, Witto de Dudusbury, Thoma de 
Barlowe et aliis. — Birch Evidences, penes Sir J. W. H. Anson, 

2. — Oib} xpi fidelib} &c. Robfus fii Alexi del Bircbis saltm in 
dno. Noverit' me remisisse &c. Robfo fii Henr* de TraflFord et 
hedb} suis totnm jus et clamiu que unquam hui in molendino del 
Birches q^ idem Robfus fii pMcti Henr' huit ei dimissione Alexi 
del Birches pris mei simul cu una domo una acre t're juxta p'dcm 
erat cu stagnis attachmentis stagnor' piscar' sectis molendini cu 
sufBcient' cursu aque p pipas et fossata ad dictum molendinu cu 
refullo aque infra divisas del Birches in longitudine et latitudine 
ad voluntatem p'dco Robfo fii Henr' cu sufficient' place t're ad 
ventiland commoda blad' dco molendino cu suffic' via infra divisas 
del Birches ad cariand' blad' ad dct molend' cu equis vel qualiter- 
cunq^ venientes et ad recariand^ sine impedimento alicnf hiis 
testib} Rico de Byron, Henr* de Trafibrd militib}, Rico de Hulton, 
Johe de Asshton, Johe de Hulton, Wilhno de Moston, Galfrido 
de Hulm, Nicho de Wirkesworthe clico et aliis. Daf ap^ Trafford 
die Sci Oswaldi reg' anno regni regis Edwardi ill regis Edwardi 
sexto decimo. — Trafford Evidences, Lane, M8S. 

8. — Sciant psentes et futuri q^ ego Robtus fii Alexand' del 
Birchis dedi concessi et hac psenti carta mea confirmavi Johi de 
Hulton heredib} et assignatis suis omes terras meas et ten mea in 
le Birchis in villa de Withinton cu edificiis et cu omib} boscis et 

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p'tis et cu rev'ooe omniu t>ar et ten bSci et p'ti que qdm Johanna 
^dam ux Alexand' del Birchi^ tenet in dotem cu accident. Hend 
et Tend pMco Johi heredib3 et assignatis sui8 de dno capitali feod' 
illr' p sVicia inde debita et consiieta libe et quiete cu omib} lib'ta- 
tib3 et ptin p'dcis t^ris et ten ubiq^ ptin. Et ego v^ pMcs Robts 
et heredes mei omes pMcas t'ras et ten cu edificiis bosds et p'tis 
et cu reVcoe p'dce dotis in omib} sicut p'dcm fee. p'dco Jobi here- 
dib3 et assignatis suis ^ta omes gentes waranti3abim^ et imppetuu 
deffendem^. In cuj^ rei testimoniu huic p^senti carte sigillu meu 
apposui hiis testibj Maths de Haydoc sen de Salford, Rico de 
Holond, Henr* de Par, Henr* de Bruches, Galfrid de' Strangwas, 
Henr^ de Wytfeld, Wifto clico et aliis. Dat^ ap<* le Birchis die 
Jovis px an fm nat" Johis Baptis^ anno regni regis Edwardi fi^ 
regis Edwardi duodecimo. — Birch Evidences y penes Sir J. W. H. 
Anson, Bart. 

4, — Hec indentura testat' q^ Johes de Hidton dedit concessit 
et hac psenti carta sua confirmavit Robto del Birchis omes t^ras 
et ten que p'dcs Johes huit de dono et feofamento p'dci RobH del 
Birchis in villa de Wythyngton cu oib) suis ptin sn aliquo retene- 
mento videl} cu edificiis et cu oib} gardinis boscis et p'is et unii 
molendinii aqHicu et cu reVcoe omii t^rar* et ten bosci et iTti que 
Joha ^dam ux Alexand del Birchis tenet in dotem cu acciderit, 
Hend et Tenend p'dco Roblo ad tota vita sua de capitalib} dnis 
feodi illius p s'vicia q ad pMca ten ptinent ad tota vita ip? RoWi 
et post decessum ipi^ Robti oia p'dca ten cu ptin integre remaneat 
Henric' filio p'dict^ Robfi de Birchis, Tend et Hend p*dco Henr' 
et heredib} de corpore suo pcreat^ de capitalib} dnis feodi illi^ p 
s'vicia que ad pMca ten ptinent imppetuum. Et si p'dcs Henr' 
obierit sn hered de corpe suo pcreat' tunc post decessum ip? 
Henr* omia pMca ten cu ptin integ* remaneant heredib} int' pMcm 


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EoMm et Alicia uxm sua fil Henr* de Wytfeld pcreat' Hend et 
Tend sibi et heredib} suis de corpib3 suis pcreat' de capitalib} dnis 
feod ill? p s^vic* que ad dca ten ptinent imppetuum. Et si p'dci 
her* obierint sn heredb} de corpib) suis pcreat' tunc post decessum 
pdcor hered omia pMca ten cu ptin integ* remaneant rectis here- 
dib} Alexand del Birchis^ Tend et Hend de capitalib} dnis feod' 
illi^ p sMcia que ad pMca ten ptinent imppetuum. Et p^t*ea p'dcs 
Johes concessit omia ten cu ptin que Joha que fuit ux* Alexandr* 
del Birchis tenuit in dotem de hereditate ip? Johis in pMca irilla 
die quo h carta condita fuit et que post decessum ipr^ Johne ad 
p^fatu Johem de Hulton rev^ti deberent integ' remaneat p'dco 
Henr' et hered de corpe suo pcreat' tend de capitalib} dnis feodi 
illi^ p s^vicia que ad p'dca ten ptinet imppetuii. Et si p'dct Henr' 
obierit sn hered de corpe suo pcreat' tunc post decessum ipr 
Henr' p'dca ten cu ptin integ* remaneant heredib} inf p'dcos 
BoMum et Alicia pcreat' Tend et Hend de capitalib} dnis feod' 
ill? p s'vicia que ad p'dca ten ptinet imppetuii. Et si p'dci hered 
obierint sn heredib} de corpib} suis pcreat' tunc post decessum 
p'dicor* hered omia p'dca ten integ' remaneant rectis heredib} 
Alexand del Birchis ut p'dcm est^ Tend simul cu duab} ptib} 
p'dicor* ten de capitalib} dnis feod' illi^ p s'vic* que ad p'dca ten 
ptinet. Et p'dcs Johes et hered sui waranti3abim^ p'dca ten cu 
ptin p'dco Rob?o ad tota vita suam, et ecia p'dco Henr* et heredib} 
de corpe suo pcreat' ut p'dcm est, et ecia heredib} int' p'dcos 
Bob^um et Alicia pcreaf ut p'dcm est, et ecia rectis heredib} 
Alexandr' de Birchis si p'dci hered obierint sine heredib} de 
corpib} suis pcreat' cont* omes holes imppetuii. In cu? rei testi- 
.moniu pti huj^ carte penes p'dcm Johem residenf p'dcus Bob^as 
sigillu suu apposuit, alt'i v° p'ti penes p'dcm Boblm residenf p'dcs 
Johes sigillu suu apposuit, hiis testib} Matheo de Haydoc sen de 
Salford, Bico de Holand, Henr* de Par, Henr* de Bruchis, Oalfirid' 

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de Strangwas, Henr' de Wytfeld, Wifto cKco et aliis. Daf apud 
le Birchis die Sabaf px post fm Ap^or Petri et Pauli anno regni 
regis Edwardi fil regis Edward^ duodecimo. — Birch Evidences, 
penes Sir J. W. H. Anson, Bart. 

5. — Nov'int univ'si ppsentes me Wilhn del Birches del Birches 
attomasse et in loco meo posnisse dilectos michi in xpo Johem de 
Bamford et Wilhn del Flat de Risshum coniuncti et divisi ad 
liband' p me et noie meo Rico Whiteacres et Johi le Wright 
capellanis plena et pacifica seisina in omib3 messnag^ tMs et ten 
reddtis et s'viciis meis cu ptin in villa de Wythyngton scdm vrm 
forma et effectu cniusdam carte mee eisdm Bico et Johi le Wright 
hedib} et assign' suis inde confect* put in eadm continet' rat' et 
oonrat' hcnt et hetur' quidquid Johes de Bamford et Wills del 
Plat noie meo fecTnt vel alt* eor* noTe meo fecit in p'miss'. In 
cuius rei testimoniu p'sentib} sigillu meu apposui. Dat' die 
Martis px ante festum See Marie Magdalene anno regni regis 
Henrici Sexti post conquestu Angl septimo. — Birch Evidences, 
penes Sir J. W. H. Anson, Bart. 

6. — Sciant psentes et futuri q^ ego Wilts del Birches del Birches 
dedi concessi et hac psenti carta mea conjSrmavi Bico de Whit- 
acres et Johi de Wright capellanis hedib} et assign' suis omia 
messuag' t'ras et ten redditus et servicia mea cu ptin in villa de 
Wythyngton, Hend et Tend omia p'dict' messuag" t'r et ten red- 
ditus et servicia cii ptin Rico et Johi hedib} et assign' suis imppetuu 
de capitalib} dnis feodi illius p servicia inde debita et de iure con- 
snef . Et ego vero p'dict' Witts et hedes mei omia p'dict' mesuag' 
t'ras et ten redditus et s'vicia cu ptin p'dcis Rico et Johi hedib} et 
assigii suis contra omes gentes waranti3abim^ et imppetuu defend- 
em^. In cui^ rei testimoniii huic p'senti carte mee sigillu meu 

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apposui hiis testib} Johe de Barlawe, Jaoobo de Prestwich, Johe 
de Cbetam^ Johe del Slade^ Hug' del Slade et aliis. Dat' apad le 
Burches die Martis px ante festu See Marie Magdalene anno regni 
regis Henrici Sexti post conquestom Anglie septimo. 

Sciant psentes et fatari q^ nos Ricus de Whitacres et Johes le 
Wrigbt capellani dedimP concessim? et hae psenti carta nra in- 
dentat' confirmaTim^ Wiffo del Birches del Birches et Margaret' 
uxi eius omia ilia mesuag' t'ras et ten reddif et s'yicia cu ptin in 
villa de Wythyngton que nup huim? ex dono et concessione p'dci 
Witti, Hend et Tend omia p'dca mesuag* f ras et ten reddif et 
s'vicia cu ptin p'dcis Witto et Margarete ad t'minm vite eor*, ita 
q* post decessum p'dcor* Willi et Margarete volum? concedim^ q^ 
omia p'dict' mesuag' t'ras et ten reddit' et s'vicia cu ptin integre 
remaneant Badulpho fil p'dicor' Willi et Margaret' et hedib} mas- 
culis de corpore suo legitime pcreat, Hend et Tend omia p'dicf 
mesuag' t'ras et ten reddit' et s'vicia cu ptin p'dicf Radulpho et 
hedib} mascul' de corpore suo legitime pcreat'^ tend de capit' dnis 
feodi illius p s'vicia inde debit' et de iure consuet'. Et si contin- 
gat p'dicf Radulphum sine hcde mascul' de corpore suo legitime 
pcreaf obire tunc volum^ et concedim^ q^ omia p'dicf mesuag* 
f ras et ten redditus s'vic' cu ptin integre remaneant Robfo fratri 
p'dcti Radi et hedib} masculis de corpore suo legitime pcreaf. 
Et si contingat p'dicf RobSum sine hede mascul' de corpore suo 
legitime pcreaf obire tunc volum^ et concedim^ q^ omia p'dicf 
mesuag* t'ras et ten reddif et s'vicia cu ptin integre remaneant 
Edmudo fratri p'dci Robti et hedib} masculis de corpore suo legi- 
time pcreaf. Et si contingat p'dicf Edmudu sine hede mascul' 
de corpore suo legitime pcreaf obire tunc volum^ et coucedim^ q^ 

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omia pMict' mesuag' t'ras et ten reddit' et s'vicia cii ptin integre 
remaneant Thome fratri pdcti Edmudi et hedib} masculis de cor- 
pore suo legitime pcreat^ obire tunc volum^ et concedim^ q^ omia 
p'dict' mesuag' t^ras et ten reddif et'sMcia cu ptin integre re- 
maneant et reVtant rectis bedib} pMcti WiHi imppetuu. Et nos 
vero pYat' Ricus et Johes et hedes nri omia pMct^ mesuag' t'ras et 
ten reddit' et s'vic cu ptin pMctis Witto et Margarete ad terminu 
Tite eor'^ ac ecia p'dict' Badulpho, Roberto^ Edmudo et Thome ac 
ecia rectis hedib} p'dcti cu accideret nt pMcm est contra omes 
gentes waranti3abim^ et imppetuu defendemus. In cui^ rei testi- 
moniu huic p'senti carte nre indentate sigilla nra apposuim^ hiis 
testib} Johe de Barlawe^ Jacobo de Prestwich, Wiffo del Plat, 
Johe del Slade, Hug' del Slade et aliis. Dat' apud le Birches die 
Mercurij px post festum Sci Jacobi Apti anno regni regis Henrici 
Sexti post conquestum Anglic septimo. — Birch Evidences^ penes 
Sir J. W. H. Anson, Bart. 

7. — Sciant p'sentes et fdturi q<* ego Radus Byrches dedi cocessi 
et hac psenti carta mea confirmavi Johi fferro' capellano omia 
mesuagia t'ras tefita reddit^ et servicia mea cii ptin in Wythyngton 
et alibi in com Lancastr*, Hcnd et Teiid. omia p'dca mesuagia 
t'ras tenta reddif et servicia cu ptin p'fat' Johi heredib} et assign' 
suis de dno capitali p servic' iude debit' et cousuet' imppetuu. Et 
ego p'dict' Radus et heredes mei oia p'dict' mesuag' t'ras tenta 
reddit' et servic' cii ptin p'fat' Johi heredib} et assignat' suis 
contra omes gentes waranti3abim^. In cuiP rei testimoniii huic 
psenti carte mee sigillu mee apposui hiis testib} Roberto Workesley 
armig'o, Thurstano Tildesley, Wiffmo Hilton et aiiis. Dat' vi- 
cesimo die Junij anno regni regis Henrici Sexti post conquestu 
Anglic vicesimo septimo. 

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Sciant psentes et futuri q^ ego Johes fferro' capellanus dimisi, 
tradidi et hac p^senti carta mea indetata delibavi Rado Byrches 
oia mesuagia tVas et tent cu ptin que fuerut p'dicti Radi in yilla 
de Wythyngton et alibi in com Lancastr' que qnidm mesuagia 
t^ras et tenta nup Iiabui michi heredib} et assignatis meis p cartam 
dict^ Radi, Hend et Tend omia p^dict' mesuagia terras et tenta cu 
ptin p'fat^ Rado et heredib} de corpe suo legitie pcreatis remanere 
eOj^dm t'nc dict^ Rado et rectis heredib} suis. In cui^ rei testimon 
huic carte mee indentat' sigillu meu apposui hiis testib} Bobto 
Workesley armig'o, Thurstano Tildesley, Wiftmo Hilton et aliis. 
Dat* vicesimo p'mo die Junij anno regni regis Henrici Sexti post 
conquestu Anglic vicesimo septimo. — Birch Evidences^ penes Sir 
J. W. H. Anson^ Bart. 

8. — Sciant psentes et flfiituri q^ ego Wittms Byrches de Byrches 
dedi concessi et hac pscnti carta mea confirmavi RoMo Byrches 
filio meo duas p^cellas terr' iacent' in le Byrches p'dict' continent' 
duodecim acras terr* int' Michcwall Diche ex pte australi et unu 
mesuag' vocat^ Wynnerhey ex pte boreali put includentur p sepes 
et limites et modo in tenura p^dict' Wittm^ Habend et Tenend 
pMict' p'ceti terr' cu omib) suis ptin p'fat* Roblo ad terminu vite 
sue Ita q^ post decessum p'fat Robti p'dict p^ceH terr' continent' 
duodecim acras terr' cu omib} suis ptin integre remaneant rectis 
hered mascul' mei p'dict Wittmi imppetuu de capit' dnis feod' 
illi?^ p sMc' inde debit' et de iure consuet'. Et ego vero p'fat' 
Wiitmus et hered mei p'dict' duodecem acras terr* cu ptin p'fat 
Roblo durante vita sua cont' omes gentes warranti3abim^ et de- 
fendemus p p'sentes. Et ult'ius nov'itis me p'fat Wittm attor- 
nasse et in loco meo posuisse dilect' michi in xpo Thoma Walker 
de Diddisburie meu veru legitimu attornaf ad deliband p me et 
in noie meo p'fat Robto plenam et pacifica possessione et seisina 

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de et in p^dict' pceH terr* continent^ duodecem acras terr* et cu 
omib} suis ptin scdm vera forma et effectu p^sentis carte mee rat' 
et conrat' hent et hetur' et quicquid idm attornat^ meus noie meo 
fecerit in p'miss. In cur' rei testimoniu sigillu meii apposui hiis 
testib3 Henric Longford armig'^ Wittmo Bradford capelld, Bico 
Bomford^ Georgio Bediohe^ Thoma fOietcher et multis aliis. Dat' 
p'mo die mensis Marcii anno regni regis Ricardi t'cii post con- 
quest' Anglic secudo. — Birch Evidences, penes Sir: J. W. H. 
Anson^ Bart. 

Families of Slade op Slade and Siddall op Slade. 

' fPP' 121-136J 

1. — Notii sit omnib} scriptam visuris vel audituris q^ ego Thorn, 
fii Galf. fii Luc de Mamecestr' concessi et hac presenti carta mea 
confirxnavi Jordano fri meo et hedib} suis p liomagio et s'vicio suo 
totam t'ram q™ Galf. pater meus sibi dedit in Didisford et Milke- 
wallslade, et unam acram prati in Banereris et totam tVam q 
pr meus tenuit in Akedone^ Teuend et Habend de me et hedib} 
meis sibi et hedib} suis libe et quiete in feodo et kereditate cu 
omib} libTatib3 et cleam'tis d'tis t'ris ptin. Reddendo et faciendo 
servicium tam diiis capitalib} q™ m* in omib} et p omia sic ^tinet' 
in carta q™ idem Jord h't de p'dicto Galf. patre meo. In cuj^ rei 
testimoniu huic scpto sigillu meii apposui, hiis testib} Dno Galf. 
tuc Dec. Main, Ad. [or W®] de Hulton, Matho de Birch, Witto 
le Norreis, Robfo filio Sym. Mamecestr', Ric' de Honeford, Witto 
de Didisb'y, Johe clico at aliis. 

2. — Sciant presentes et futuri q^ ego Noel de Loggeford dedi 
et ^cessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi de me et hedib3 

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meis Jordano filio Oalfridi filio Luco de Mamecestr' et hedib} suis 
tota fram mea q™ Ric Bidehoni tenebat de me ad t'em in terri- 
torio de Didisbury^ Teiidam et Habenda in feodo et heditate libe 
et q^ete et integre cu omib} ^munib3 aisi&mentis et libertatib} infra 
divisas ville de Withingtun et Didisbury ptinentib} cu exitib} et 
serviciisy Beddo annuatim mihi et hedib} meis de se et liedib} suis 
q'ndm [quindecim] deii arg ad duas anni t'ios scii septe den ob ad 
festii Sci Michael et septem den arg ob ad Annuncionis See Marie 
p oib) serviciis ^suetudinib) et demand nob pertinentib}. Et ego 
diet' Noel et heredes mei ista dcta t'ra cu libtatib} et aisiam'tis 
d'to Jord et hedib} suis sic' p'dcm est ^tra oes holes et feminas 
ippetum warenti3abim^. In cuf testim' ut douaco mea rata et 
stabilis p'maneat huic scpto sigiii meu apposui hiis testib} Dno 
Galfrido de Schetha, Wiiio de Hea, Ric* de Most', Matheo de 
Birch, Ric* de Honeford, Thom de Barf, Henr' de T'fford, Jord 
de Stokep* clico et aliis. 

3. — Sciant presentes et futuri q^ ego Rob^us de Milkewalleslade 
dedi concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Heur' fii Thom' 
de Aynesworth unu messuagiu et omia t'ras et ten mea que hui 
die confeccionis p'sent' in Withynton, Hend et Tend p'dto Henr' 
hedib} et assignat' suis libe quiete bn et in pace cu libo introitu et 
exitu ad eadem et cu omi pastur' omib} averiis suis in omib} lods 
ville p'dte et cu omib} aliis libertatib3 et asiament' pdtis ten ubi^ 
ptinentib3 de capitalib3 diiis teoAf illoi ten p s'vic que ad pdta ten 
ptinent imppetu. Et ego vero p'dict' Roblus et heres mei pdtu 
messuag' et pdta t^ras et ten cu suis ptinent' et p'dtam coem 
pastur' p'dti Henr' hedib3 et assignatis suis contra omcs gentes 
waranti3abim^ et imppetu defendem^. In cuj^ testimon' huic 
p'senti carte mee sigillu meu apposui, Hiis testib3 Nicho de Iiong- 
ford chivaler, Henr' de T'fford chivaler, Rob?o de TraflFord, Thom 

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de Trafford, Thorn del Holt, Robfo del Plat et Henr* fil Robti del 
Byrches. Dat' ajrad Withynton die Jovis px post fm t'nslacois 
Sti Thorn Archiepi anno regni regis Edward! t^cii post conqnestum 
vicesimo t^cio. 

4. — Hec carta indentata testatnr q* Henr* fii Thome de Aynes- 
worth dedit concessit et hac presenti carta sua oonfirmavit Boblo 
de Milkewalleslade unum messuagium et omia t^ras et ten cu ptin 
que habnit de dono et feoffamento p'dti BobH in villa de Withyn- 
ton sine aliqno retenemento, Hend et Tend omia p'dta t^ras et ten 
cu ptin p^dto Bob!o ad totam vita suam de capitalib3 dnis feodi 
illins p servida que ad pMta t'ras et ten ptinent ad totam vitam 
ipius Robti; et post decessum ipius Robti omia p^dta t^re et ten 
cnm ptin integre remaneant Rob!o fil Robti de Milkewalleslade 
juniori, Hend et Tend omia pMta t^ras et ten cii ptin pdto Roblo 
fii Robti et hedib3 de corpore suo legitime procreatis de capitalib} 
dnis feodi illins per servic' que ad p^ta t'ras et ten ptinent im- 
ppetuum. Et si pdtus Robtus fil Robti obierit sine herede de 
corpore suo legitie procreato tunc post decessum ipius Robti fii 
Robti omia pMta t^re &c. integre remaneant Johi fil Robti de 
Milkewalleslade firi p'dti Robti fil Robti, Hend et Tend omia pdta 
f ras &c. pdto JohT et hered de corpore suo legitie procreatis de 
capitalib3 dnis feodi illius p servida que ad pdta f ras &c* im- 
ppetuum. Et si pdtus Johes obierit sine herede &c. tunc post 
decessum ipius Johis omia pdta terre &c. integre remaneant here- 
dib3 int' pdtm Robtm de Milkewalleslade et Elena ux^em sua fii 
Robti del Plattes legitie procreatis, Hend et Tend omia pMta t'ras 
&c. sibi et hedib3 suis de corporib3 suis legitie procreatis de capi- 
talib3 dnis feodi illius p servida que ad pMta t'ras &c. ptinent 
imppetum. Et si ipi heredes obierint sine hered &c. tunc post 
decessum pdcor hered omia pdte fre &c. integre remaneant rectis 


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hered ipius Robfi de Milkewalleslade Habend et Tenend de capi- 
talib} diiis feodi illius p servic^ que ad pdta Vras &c. ptinent im- 
ppetuum. Et pdti Henr' ct heredes sui pdtm messuagium &c. 
pdto Boblo de Milkewalleslade ad totam yitam saam at pdtm est 
[and in turn all the other contingent or reversionary grantees are 
warranted against all men for ever] contra omes hoies waranti}- 
abimus imppetuum. In cuj^ rei testimonium ptibj huj^ indenf 
ptes altematm sigilla sua apposuerunt^ Hiis testib3 Nicho de 
Longford chivaler, Henr' de Trafford chivaler, RobCo de Trafiford, 
Thoma de Trafford, Thoma del Holte, Rob?o del Piatt et Henr' 
fii RobH del Burches. Dat' apud Withynton die Ven'is px post 
f 'm Sci Jacobi Apii anno regni regis Edwardi^t^cii post conquestm 
vicesimo t^cio regni vero sui ffirancie decimo. 

5. — Lane. Inquisitio indentata capt. apud Bolton in com. 
p'dict. vicesimo tercio die Septembris anno regni diie nre Eliz^ ficc. 
tricessimo. Coram Thoma Heskethe aro escaetor dne Begine in 
com pMcto virtute Bris diet dne regine de diem clausit extrem' 
eidem escaetor' direct et huic[?] inquisitionem consuet. p. m. Ed- 
wardi Syddall nup de Slade in com p'dct in dicto brevi noTat p 
sacrum Petri Heywood gen., Alex Leyver gen., Richi Leighe gen., 
Richi Scocroft gen,, Radi Greene gen., Richi Wood gen., Radi 
Haughton gen., Henrici Hardi gen., Robti Hardi gen., Radi 
Bridge gen., Georgii AUonson gen., Georgii Kenyon gen., Thome 
Kaye gen., Robti Ravalde gen., Henrici Cheetam gen., W™ Bam- 
forde gen., et Robti Butterworthe gen. Qui dicunt sup sacrum 
suu q^ dm ante obitum pM Edwdi Syddall in B^vi p'dict noiat 
idem Edwdus &c. fuit seitus in dominico suo vel de feodo de et in 
uno capitalli messuagio sive tento vocat le Mylkwall Slade cu ptin 
& de et in quibusdam clausur* terr' continent^ p estimacionem 
vigint quatuor acr, scituat^ jacen^ et existen' in Risholme et With* 

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ington in com p'dto ; ac de et in quibusdam aliis clausur' terr' et 
prati com p^tin continent p estimacdem vigint acr terr scituat &c. 
in Gorton Sec, necnou de et in uno burgagio sive tento et una 
shopa cu ptin scituat &c. in Manch' ; ac etiam de et in tertia pte 
manerii de Eerksawe alias diet Kerssall cu ptin in com p'dct ; ac 
de et it uno burgagio sive tent, duobus cottagiis tertia p'te unius 
molendini aquatici^ tertia pte unius alii cottagii et trium acrarum 
terr; ac de et in tertia pte unius alii cottagii et unius gardini^ et 
de et in quadraginta acr terr decem acr prati trigint acr pastur, 
quatuor acris bosd ac de tertia pte cujusdem vasti sive note vocaf 
EersaU Woodde ais Eersall more, scituat &c. in Eersawe ats 
Eersall pMct; ac de quodm libo reddit^ duodedm denariorum 
annuat soulubil de quibusdam terris et tentis vocat Lees in p5chia 
de Oldham in com pMt^ ut pcell p'dt manerii de Eerksall; ac de 
quodam alio libo reddit' iij^ iiij^ annuat solubil p quendam Robt. 
Hobson ut p^cell ejusdem manerii de Eeksall ; ac de quodam alio 
libo redd' quinque denariorum annuat solubil p Agnetem Lees ut 
pcell ejusdem manerii de Eerksall. Et idem Edwdus Syddall de 
p'dt manerib} messuagiis^ terris &c. p quoddam scru suu indentat 
dedit et concessit oia et singula p'dt maneria &c. premissis qui- 
busdam ffeofatis in pMt facto indentato noiat ad usu p'dct Edwdi 
Sydall pro termino vite et post ejus decessum ad usu E^ Syddall 
ad tunc uxor' p'dt Edwardi, et Georgii Syddall ad tunc filii et here* 
apparen d'ti Edwdi Syddall in brevi pMto noiat et hered masculo- 
rum de corpe pdti Georgii le?ime procreand, et pro desifu f lis 
exitus tunc ad opus et usii Thome Syddall filii junior' ejusdem 
Edwdi Syddall, in brevi p'dto noiat et hered masculorum &c. et 
pro dessitu &c. rectorum hered p'd Edwdi Syddall, in bri &c. im- 
pptium, virtute cujus ac vigore cujusdam act' in p'liamento dni 
Henrici nup Regis Anglic anno regni sui vicesimo septimo de 
usibus in possessionem transferend nuper edit et pvisus, iidem 

Digitized by 



E^ et Georgius post mortem p'dti Edwdi fueruut seit de oibj et 
singulis pdt maner mess^giis terns fec.^ Ti3 pMt E^ in domco sue 
ut de libo tento p term vite sue^ et pMt Georgius in domco suo ut 
de feod taliat. Et jurator* p'dt ulterius sup sacr' suii dicunt q^ 
p'dtus Edwdus in br'i &c. sic inde seit de oib} et singulis p'dt 
maS) mess'giis terris &c. obiit de tali statu inde seilus apud Milk- 
wall Slade p'dict^ decimo octavo die Februarii anno regni die dne 
regine tricesimo ; ac q^ p'dtus Georgius SyddaU est filius et prop' 
heres ejusdem Edwdi in bri &c. et est etatis tempe capconis hujus 
inquisit' yiginti quinque annorum et amplius. Et ulterius juraf 
&c. dicunt q^ pMt mess'gii sive tent vocat' Milkwall Slade ac cetera 
p'miss in Risheolme et Withington p'dct valent p annu in oib3 
exitib} ultra reprisis viginti sex solid' octo denarior' ; Et q^ p'dt 
terr' et tent in Gorton p'dt valent p annum in oib} &c. sexdecem 
solid'; ac q^ p'dt burgag' et shoppa in Manchester p'dt valet p 
annum in oTb3 &c. sex denarios^ et q^ p'dt tertia pars de manerio 
de Eerksawe alias Eerksall pMct valet p ann. in oib} &c. quatuor 
libras. Et ulterius juratores &c. dicunt q^ p'dt messuag' sive tent 
vocat le Milkwall Slade et p'dt terr et tent in Bisheholme et 
Withington p'dt^ tenent' et tempore mortis ejusdem Edwdi Syd- 
dall in bri &c. tenebantur de Nicho Langford aro p fidelitatem et 
reddit' duorum solid' et sex denariorum p annum pro oib} serviciis 
et demandis quibuscunque ; et q^ p'dt terr et tent in Gorton p'dt 
et p'dt burgagium et shoppa in Manchester p'dt tenentur et tempe 
mortis &c. tenebantur de Johe Lacy aro dfio de Manchester pro 
fidelitate tantum pro oib} serviciis &c. ; et q^ p'dt tertia pars 
manerii de Kerksawe ats Kerksall ac ceter' premiss' in Eerksall 
p'di tenentur et tenebantur de dcta dna regina nunc in capite^ vij 
p duodecima p'te unius feod militis. Et ulterius p^dt jurat' &c. 
dicunt q^ p'dtus Edwdus SyddaU in bri &c. nulla alia sive plura 
man' terr sive tent die obitus sue huit seu ten' in dnico vel in ser- 

Digitized by 



yicio pro at jnrator' p^d aliquo modo constare poterrim^. In cujus 

rei testim™ uni pHi hujas inquisicionis turn p'd escaetor quum p'dt 

jurator' sigilla sua apposueront^ alteri vero pti hujus inquisicionis 

penes p^fat jurat' remanent' p'd escaetor sigillum suum apposuit 

die et anno primo suprad'. 

Tho. Heskbth, Escaet. 

Endorsed : Delibert infra noiat Petro Hewood gen. qui primus 
jurat fuit in inquisitione p'dt vicesimo septimo die Septembris 
anno regni dee dne regine tricesimo secund' forma statu in hujus- 
modi casu provisus p me Tlioma Hesketh^ escaetor com p'dt. 

Tho. Hxsketh, Escaet. 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 



Abraham, John, 66. 

, Bobert, 55. 

Addeshode, William, 210, 211. 

Adiinaon, M'^, 148. 

Adahead, William, 20. 

Ainawortb, Elisabeth, 158. 

9 Hemry, dork, curate of Biroh, 158, 

Aloocke, Joseph, 166. 
Alexander, John, 30. 
Allen, Joseph, 118. 

y Mary, 55. 

1 Thomas, 54. 

Allonson, Qeorge, gent., 129, 284. 

Ambrose^ Peter, gent., 94. 

Andrews, Ber. Xtobert, 169. 

Angier, Mr. John, of Benton, 60, 146. 

Annacotes, John de, 7, 186. 

Anson, Arohibald Edward Harbord, 154. 

9 Qeorge Heniy Greville, olerk, 154^ 

155, 158. 
^ John William Hamilton, Esq., 154, 

— , Sir John William Hamilton, Bart., 

104. 171, 188-188. 
Antrobns, Elizabeth, 107. 

, Peter, gent., 107. 
Ardeme, Jolm, 64. 
Ardwick School endowed, 117. 
Arstindall, James, sen., 165. 

, James, iun., 165. 

Ascroft, William, gent., 21, 221. 
Ashton, James, Esq., 141. 
— , John, gent., 88. 
— -, John, 182. 

1 Sir -John de, 206. 

^ Bobert, gent., 88. 

, Thomas, 182. 

f William, derk, reotor of Prestwioh, 

AjhniBt, William, Esq., 110. 

Ashworth, Dr. Caleb, 170. 
Assheton, Sir Balph, 96. 
Asshton, John de, 180, 182, 224. 

, Robert de, 180, 182, 198. 

Aspinwall, Gheorge, 142. 

, Hezekiah, 165. 

Asselnm, Hugh de, 183. 
Astlej, Sir Jacob, 109. 
Aston, John, 182. 

, Bobert de, 183. 

Aynesworthe, Alan de, 194, 195, 197. 

, Heniy de, 282, 238, 284. 

, John de, 187, 197. 

, Thomas de, 194, 196, 197, 282, 238. 

Aynscough, Badlej, derk, fellow of Ooll. 

church, Manchester, 158, 155. 
f Thomas, derk, curate of Birdi, 158, 

Bagnlej, Alice, 144. 

, Edward, 97, 142, 144. 

Bainbrige, Ann, 54. 
— , Sherwood, 54. 

1 Thomas, derk, 54. 

Bainbrig, Nicholas, 55. 

, Sarah, 55. 

f Thomas, 55. 

Baley, Nicholas, 142, 148. 
Bamford, Anne, 8, 77, 85. 

, Barton de, 7. 

, Gkorge, gent., 74. 

■, Henry, gent., 88* 

, John de, 227. 

^ John, Esq., 7, 77. 

, John, gent., 18, 74, 85, 188. 

J Bobert, 142, 144. 

, Thomas, 142, 144. 

f Thomas, jun., 142. 

, William, gent., 129, 234. 

Baroh, Banfe, 88. 
Bardedey, Bobert, gent., 88. 
Bardsley, Bobert, 36. 

Digitized by 




Barlawe, Adam de, 201. 

, John de, 228, 229. 

, Eadulphus, 203. 

Barlow, Adam, 161, 166. 

^ Alexander, Esq., 141. 

, John, 41, 142, 144, 165. 

, Matthew, 144, 165. 

, Thomas de, 71, 224, 282. 

Barlowe, John de, 204. 

, Eadulphus de, 204. 

, Boger de, 187, 189, 193, 195, 200. 

Barton, Nicholas, 37. 
Basset, Mr. William, 196, 197. 
Bathurst, Dr. E., 101. 
Baumfort, John de, 206. 
Bayley, Hannah, 11. 

, John, 165. 

— , Eichard, 11. 
Beake, Peter, 54, 55. 
Bealej, James, 165. 
Beck, Marion, 72. 

y Thomas, gent., 72, 74. 

Becke, Nichohis, 83. 

, Eobert, 73. 

, Thomas, 83. 

Beech, Eobert, 83. 

, Thomas, 83, 84. 

, William, 83, 84. 

Bekke, Maryon, 72, 73. 

, Thomas, 72, 73. 

Bellotte, Marie, 122-124. 

y Philippe, of Moreton, gent., 122. 

Bent, John, gent., 107. 

, Susanna, 107. 

Bentlej, Mr., derk, curate of Birch, 187, 

145, 154. 
Berry, Colonel, 43. 

, Major-G«neral, 112. 

Beswick, John, 133. 

, Miles, 8. 

, Eoger, 8. 

Bewicke, Eobert, 88. 
Bewsioke, Eoger, 143. 
Bexwic, Thomas, 187. 
Bexwik, Miles, 188. 

, Eichard, 213. 

y Eoger, 188. 

Bibby, John, 192, 193. 
Birch, Alexander, 142, 143. 

, Alice, 77, 79, 80; will of, 98, 99, 113. 

, Andrew, 98. 

, Anne, will o^ 77, 86-89, 98, 138. 

^ , of Ardwiok, &mily of; 106-120. 

, Beatrix, 99. 

Birch, of Birch, family oi, 70-104. ^ 

, Deborah, 98, 102. 

, Edmund, 85. 

, Eliezer, 148, 163. 

, Elizabeth, 21, 22, 77, 78, 88, 99, 

113, 115, 120, 152. 

, Ellena, 98. 

, George, Esq., 8, 100, 151, 152. 

^ George, gent., 20, 86; will o^ 87; 

inquisition of, 88-90, 138, 188, 189, 
160, 161. 

Hall, description of, 97. 

, Humphry, 102, 104. 

, James, 72, 85, 88. 

y Colonel John, M.P., 96, 107; me- 
moir of, 108-114 ; joins the parliamen- 
tary army, 108 ; appointed to the com- 
mand of the Kentish regiment, ibid,i 
Sremor of Bridgewater, ibid.; deeted 
.P. for Weobley, ifttci.; lays siege to 
Bristol, ibid.; surprises and takes the 
city of Hereford, ibid,; of which city he 
is appointed goremor, 109 ; protects 
Dr. Herbert <>oft from violence in the 
cathedral of Hereford, ibid.-, defeats a 
detachment of the royalists at Stow-on- 
the-Wold and takes prisoner Sir Jacob 
Astley, ibid.; summons Worcester to 
surrender to the parliament, ibid*; car- 
ries Bridgewater by storm, ibid,; stonns 
Ludlow castle, GK)odrich castle and Bag- 
land castle, ibid,; takes the solemn league 
and corenant, ibid,; resigns thegoTemor- 
ship of Herdford, ibid,; collects troops 
for serrice in Ireland with the intention 
of accompanying them thither, 110, but 
ia detained in England by symptoms of 
insubordination in the army, tbid.; re- 
ceiyes authority to prohibit the approach 
towards London of General Fainas and 
the army, and charged with the duty of 
putting the city in a posture of deteioe^ 
ibid,; proceeds on an important state 
mission to the parliament of Scotland, 
and receiTes the thanks of the commons 
of England for his serrices, ibid,; ap- 
pointed high -steward of Leominster, 
ibid,; re-elected for Weobley, but se- 
cluded for his equirocal support of the 
Lord Protector, ibid,; thrown into pri- 
son by order of the governor of Here- 
ford as an enemy to the public peaoe^ 
ibid,; but liberated after an mcarceration 
of seyeral months, 112 ; n^godates for 

Digitized by 




theki]ig*8retiini,lld; re-elected for We- 
obley after the restoration, ibid.; com- 
nUBeioned to raperinteod the didlMnding 
of the armj and navy, ibid.-, chosen a 
member of the committee to enquire into 
the cause of the great fire in London, and 
depnted to bring in a bill for the rebuild- 
ing of the city, ibid,; his death, tbid ; 
femily connexions, ibid,; monument in 
Weobley church, 114. 

Birch, John, of Ordsal, Esq., 118. 

y John, of Manchester, gent., will of 


, John, of Whitboume, Esq., 108, 

y John, 85, 86, 142, 14S. 

— , John Peploe, Esq., 114. 

, John Wyrley, Esq., 102. 

, Joyce, will of, 99. 

f Major, 114. 

^ Margaret, 148. 

, Martha, 148. 

, Mary, 98, 106, 113, 147, 148. 

, Matthew, 98, 232. 

, Matthew de, 70, 121, 231. 

, Peter, 98, 99. 

, Peter, D.D., memoir of, 100-102 ; 

win of, 102. 

, Raufe, 83. 

, Robert, 66, 72, 83, 84, 121. 

, Robert, clerk, fellow of ColL church, 

Manchester, 77-79, 81. 

y Robert, of Qrindlow, gent., 138. 

, Robert, clerk, curate of Birch, will 

of, 147, 154. 

, Samuel, gent., 106; will of, ibid, 114. 

y Samuel, 107, 116-120. 

, Samuel, of Whitboume, Esq., 113. 

y Major-Gkneral Samuel, 120. 

, Sarah, 113. 

, Sybil, 102. 

, Thomas, Esq., 120, 171. 

, Thomas, of Higher Ardwick, will of, 


, Thomas, 9, 76, 83-86, 88, 9&-100, 

113, 115, 116, 118-120, 138, 142, 143, 

, Thomas, clerk, 72, 107, 113. 

— , Mr. Thomas, gent., 11, 22, 76 j mar- 
riage-corenant. 77 5 will of, 78-81, 85, 

^, Colonel Thomas, M.P., 87, 89 ; me- 
moir o^ 90-98 ; enters the parliaxnen- 
tazy army, 90; collision with Lord 
Strange, ibid.; success before Preston, 

91 ; seizes upon Lancaster, ibid,; named 
as one of the committee of sequestration ^ 
for Lancashire, t6u2.; appointed goyemor 
of Liyerpool, ibid.; elected to represent 
Liyerpool in parliament, ibid.; frustrates 
for a time the beneyolent intentions of 
Humphrey Chetham the founder, 91-93 ; 
forcibly attempts to seize upon the re- 
yenues of the onuroh of Manchester, 98; 
submits to parliament a proposition for 
strengthening the mrrison of Liyerpool, 
94; compasses theaeath of Lord Strange, 
ibid.; storms the castle of Rushin and 
Peter castle, and summons the Countess 
of Derby (Lady Strange) to surrender 
the Isle of Man to the use of parliament, 
95 ; the island giy en up to Col. Birch, and 
the countess and her children conyeyed 
asprisoners to Liverpool, »6«i.; re-elected 
for Liyerpool, but not permitted to take 
his seat by the Lord Protector, ibid,; 
aeain elected in the parliament summon- 
ed by Richard Cromwell, i&ui.; entrust- 
ed by parliament with the dismantling 
of the castle of Liyerpool, 96 ; defeats 
Sir George Booth near Northwich, ibid.; 
his death, 97 ; family connexions, 98, 
108, 133, 138, 139, 141, 149, 160. 

Birche, William, 30, 72, 77-80, 83, 85, 86, 
88, 99, 100, 121, 142, 144, 152, 165. 

, William, clerk, warden of Manches- 
ter, 73-75 ; his ordination by Bishop 
Ridley, 81 ; nominated chaplain to King 
Edward YI., ibid.; appointed warden of 
the Coll. church, Manchester, ibid.; re- 
signs the wardenship, and retires to the 
rectory of Stanhope, ibid,; his will, 81- 

, M'*- Anne, 143. 

. , Elizabeth, 220-222. 

y Gkorge, 9, 72, 77-83, 85-87, 98, 99, 

113, 115-120. 

, Maryon, 75, 76. 

, Mr., minister, 161. 

, Badulphus, 214. 

y Sir Thomas, priest, 74. 

, Thomas, 220. 

Birches, Alexander del, 71, 187. 

, Edmund del, 72, 228, 229. 

y Henry del, 71, 200 

, Margaret del, 72, 228, 229. 

. Matthew del, 71. 

, Ralph del, 72, 209, 228, 229. 

, Robert del, 71, 72, 200, 228, 229. 

I I 

Digitized by 




Birches, ThomM del, 72, 228, 229. 

, William del, 71, 227, 228, 229. 

Birohifl, Alexander dd, 224-226. 

, Henry del, 226. 

, Johanna del, 225, 226. 

, Bobert del, 224-226. 

Biri, Adam de, 179. 

Bimm, Bobert de, 184. 

Bland, Sir John, Bart., 163. 

Blaynej, Bowland, olerk, curate of Birch, 

168, 165, 166. 
Blomiley, Arnold, 80. 

, Elizabeth, 144. 

y George, 144. 

, Widow, 142. 

, William, 144. 

Blundell, Mr., 91. 

Boardman, Mr. Alexander, 161, 165. 

y Bobert, gent., 41. 

Boden, James, 148. 
Bold, Peter, Esq., 41, 42. 
Bolder, William, 203. 
Bolton, Alice, 26. 

market, ralue of toll in 1653, 60. 

, Thomas, 26. 

Bomford, Bichard, 231. 
Bondini, Bichard de, 192. 
Booker, Peter, 61. 
Booth, Oaptam, 91. 

, Elizabeth, 27. 

y Sir George, 96. 

i John, 27, 37, 49. 

f Martha, 27. 

, Marr, 27, 49, 61. 

, Sarai, 27. 

Bordman, Bichard, 144. 

, Widow, 142, 144, 166. 

Bosedon, Bichard de, 194, 196. 

, Thomas de, 194, 196. 

Boston, Xtobert, 208. 

Bothe, Alexander del, 16, 191, 196, 197. 

y Ellen del, 16. 

, Bight Worshipful John, Esq., of 

Barton, 216, 219. 

, William del, 16, 196, 197. 

Bouker, Dorothy, 66. 

y James, 148. 

y Jane, 66. 

, Bobert, 144. 

, Widow, 148. 

Boulton, Alice, 26. 

y Thomas, 26, 26. 

Bowker, Xtobert, 142. 
Braoebrigge, Galfndns de, 180, 181. 

Bradford, John, 20, 210, 212. 
— , John, the martyr, 20. 
— , Thomas, Ticar of the ooll^ of Man- 
chester, 20, 211. 

, William, capeUanus, 281. 

Bradshaw, Anne, 26. 

, John, 188, 148. 

y Miles, 66. 

y Bichard, 86. 

y Bobert, 142, 144. 

, Xtobert, the elder, 168. 

, Boger, gent., 21, 221. 

Bradshaw, Thomas, gent., 88. 

, Widow, 142, 166. 

y William, 142. 

Braybon, Bichard, 201. 
Breckhill, Thomas, 166. 
Brereton, Sir William, 109. 
Breton, Bichard, 189. 
Briddock, Balph, gent., 41. 
Bridge, Balph, gent., 129, 284. 
Briset, Jordan, Ejit., 13. 
Briskoe, Mr., 38. 
Brook, Xtobert, 144. 
Brooke, Alice, 98. 

, Thomas, Esq., 9a 

Broome, Henry, 142. 

, Bobert, 148. 

y Thomas, 29. 

Browhill, William, 83, 84. 
Browne, Thomas, 97. 
Brownehill, William, 80. 
Brownsword, Ciceley, 26, 86. 

y John, 25, 52, 57. 

Broxupp, John, gent, 41. 
Bruches, Henry de, 226, 226. 
Buckley, Arthur, gent., 41. 

, George, gent., 88. 

Burchee, Hennr del, 234. 

, Bobert del, 234. 

Buri, Sir Adam de, 224. 
Burdsell, John, 87. 
Bumhill, Peter de, 181. 
Burtche, Thomas, 73. 

, William, 78. 

Burton, Danid, 166. 
Burunn, Henry de, 181. 

y Bichard de, 181. 

y Bobert de, 181, 184, 224. 

Bury, Adam de, 71, 192. 

, Bichard, gent., 88. 

Butler, Major, 43. 
Butcrworth, Captain, 86. 
Butterworth, Edward, 92. 

Digitized by 




Bntterworth, Balph, gent., 88. 

, Bobert, gent, 129, 284. 

, Mr. Thomu, 161. 

Buxton, Michael, 41, 
Bybby, Richard, 208. 
Byrche, Aimes, 73, 75. 

, Bliiabeth, 73, 76. 

^ Gkorge, marriage-coTenant o^ 72, 

78; wiU of; 74-76. 

9 James, 76, 77. 

, Jennet, 78, 75, 77, 79, 80. 

— , Maigaret, 73, 75. 

, Thomas, 78, 78. 

, Thomas, gent., 8, 9, 73, 127. 

^, William, 72, 73. 

BjTches, Alexander del, 186. 

, Henry de, clericui, 187. 

^ Henry del, 288. 

, Matthew de, 7, 187, 223. 

, Badulphns de, 229, 280. 

, Robert, 209, 280, 288. 

, William del, 204, 206, 280. 

Byrom, Edward, gent., 41. 
Byron, Lord, 45. 

, Sir Bichard de, 180, 182, 224. 

, Bobert de. 71. 

Gardlnel; Nicholas de^ 190. 
Carill, Hannah, 67. 

, John, Esq., 67. 

Chadirton, Galfridus de, 180, 181. 

y Roger de, 197. 

Chadwicl^ Ellis, 87. 

i Jolm, gent., 88. 

■■ ■ , Bobert, 86. 
Chapman, John, 116, 118, 119. 
Checkley, Ber. George, 170. 
Ohester, John, constable of, 190. 

, Bishop of (Dr. Chadderton), 187. 
* (Dr. Qastrell), 187. 

(Dr. Peploe), 115. 

(Dr. Sunmer), 159, 160. 

iward, 189. 

— , Bishop of 
— , Bishop of 

, Bishop of 

Cbetham, Mr. 

, Elizabeth, 77. 

, Sir Geoffirey de, 71, 224. 

, Geoffirey de, 184, 185, 192. 

^— , Henry, gent., 129. 

, Hnmphray, Esq., thefounder,91-98. 

1 Mr. James, 80. 

, John de, 228. 

9 John of Nuthnrst, Esq., 77. 

Ghohrton, Thomas de, 187. 
Chorleton, Bobert de, 197, 200, 201. 
^, Thomas, 74. 

Chorlton, John, dark, 11. 

^ Bichard de, 71. 

i Thomas de, 186. 

Oissor, John de, of Manchester, 5, 192. 

, Matthew de, of Manchester, 5, 182. 

Clarke, Alice, 25. 

f George, the founder, 25, 27. 

Claxton, Elizabeth, 54, 55. 

, Hamond, gent., 5^ 65. 

^ Paulina, 66. 

, Susan, 55. 

Clayden, Jordan de^ 197. 

Cleybume, William, BJ)., prebendary of 

Bipon, 78. 
Cliffe, Deborah, 61. 
Clowes, Thomas, 118. 
Cobden, Bichard, Esq., 172. 
Colayn, Bobert, oapeUanus, 202-204. 
Colliar, Thomas, 166, 
Constable, Sir William, 47. 
Constantino, Mr., clerk, 64. 
Conyentiole act enforced at Birch, 148. 
Goppocke, John, 166. 
Corporation act, 149. 
Cotton, Beatrix, 99, 152. 

, Philip, Esq., 99. 

, WilUam, Esq.. 99. 

Couper, Lieutenant, 49. 
Cowper, Bdph, 188. 
Croft, Dr. Herbert, 109. 
Crompton, Henry de, 202. 
Crosse, William del, 202. 
Croxton, Gteorge, 104. 
Culcheth, Mr. Thomas, 62. 
Cundall, Maister, of Bipon, 78. 

Dalby, Heniy de, 190. 

Dale, Joseph clerk, curate of Birch, 152» 

Dalton, Bichard, 82, 84. 
Darenport, Sir Humphrey, 11. 

f Katharine, 9. 

, Bobert, gent*, 9. 
Dayie, John, 144. 

, Mary, 142, 144. 

, William, 201. 

Dayies, John, 98. 
Dawson, John, 27. 

, Widow, 166. 

Deacon, Bobert, 189. 
Deane, Alice, 118. 

^ Esther, 68. 

f Mr., 56, 58. 

f Thomas, 118. 

Digitized by 




DelYOB, Mr., 52. 

DeniBon, Joseph, Esq., 172. 

Denton, Roger de, 187. 

Derick, Mr. James Macduff, 156. 

Derby, Countess of (Charlotte de la Tre- 

mouille) 95. 
, Earl of (Charles Stanley, 8th earl 

of), 96. 

, Earl of (Ferrars), 2. 

y Earl of (James Stanley, 7th earl 

of), 94, 95. 
Desborough, General, 4S. 
Dewhurst, John, gent., 21, 221. 
Diccouson, John, 9. » 
Dickanson, John, 165. 
Dickenson, Alice, 166. 

f Henry, gent., 41. 

, Mr. John, 104, 140, 141, 163^166. 

-^— , John, of Leyenshulme, abstract of 

will, 166-168. 

, Miss Mary, 141. 

, Mary, 166. 

, Miss, 104. 

, Robert, 166. 

, Thomas, gent., 41. 

Dickonson, Margaret, 144. 

, Robert, 143. 

, Widow, 142. 

Diddesb' Jordan de, 189. 
Diddesbury, William de, 191. 
Didesbur', William de, 179. 
Didisb*y, William de, 231. 
Didsbury, William de, 71, 121. 
Digle, WUliam, 132. 
Dikonson, John, 142, 143. 
Doddridge, Dr.,' 169. 
Dolfinus, William, 189. 
Doly, Sir William, 71, 224. 
Duckenfield, Captain William, 94. 
Dudusbury, William de, 224. 
Dugard, George, clerk, curate of Birch, 

154, 155. 
Dukinfield, Anne, 88, 89. 

, Colonel, 95. 

, Francis, gent., 86, 88, 89. 

Dunbayen, Mr. Daniel, of Warrington, 146. 

, Elizabeth, 146. 

Duncnthley, Edmund, 21, 218, 217. 

, Margaret, 21, 213, 217. 

, Ralph, 213, 217. 

Dyconson, Min, 9. 
, Richard, 9. 

Eaton, Mr., 88. 

Edge, Anne, 11, 97, 188. 

, Captain, 10, 171. 

1 Ebenezer, 11, 161, 168. 

, Hannah, 11. 

, John, 11. 

, Katharine, 11. 

, Mary, 11. 

, Mr., 161, 166. 

, OUver, 10; will of, 11, 138, 143, 160. 

-f Captain Oliyer, will of, 11. 

, Thomas, 11. 

Edmundson, Alonia, 17. 

, Geoffrey, 17, 201, 202. 

, John, 17, 201. 

Egerton, Peter, 92. 

, Wilbraham, Esq., 171. 

Elcocke, Thomas, 165. 
England, John, 144. 
Entwissell, Alexander, Esq., 10. 
Eyys, Matthew, prior of Chester, 218. 

Fairfax, Ferdinando Lord, 91. 

, Sir Thomas, 108, 110. 

Fallowfield, Jordan de, 6, 7. 

, William de, 6,7. 

ffalwefeld, Jordan de, 186. 

, William de, 186. 

Fameworke, Adam de, 184, 191, 192. 
Farneworth, Adam de, 15, 191, 192. 

, Richard de, 15, 192, 193. 

, Robert de, 15, 192, 198. 

Farrington, Captain, 91. 

, Mr., 90. 

Faulkner, John, 41. 
ffawfeld, Jordan de, 185. 
ffawfeld, William de, 185, 
Fell, Dr. John, 100, 101. 

, Thomas, 92. 

Femeley, Adun de, 17. 

, Robert de, 17. * 

Femilegh, Adam do, 198, 199. 

, Robert de, 198, 199. 

Ferror, John, capellanus, 229, 230. 
Finch, Elizabeth, 151. 

, Hannah, 161. 

9 Henry, clerk, curate of Birch, 11, 

139, 149-151, 155, 160, 161, 166, 168. 

, James, 161. 

f John, the elder, 163. 

, Mr., 64. 

, Nathan, 161. 

, Nicholas, 151. 

Fleetcroft, Robert, gent., 41. 
Fleetwood, Mr. Richard^ 91. 

Digitized by 




Fletcher, Elizabeth, 166. 

^ George, 165. 

y John, 165. 

, Martha, 64. 

y Mn., of LeTenshulme, 168. 

, Raph, 82. 

, Bichard, 165. 

, Thomas, 231. 

Ford, Alexander, gent., 26. 

, Isabel, 26. 

, William, gent., 26. 

Fonlks, John, 100. 
Frost, Walter, Esq., 96. 
Fytheler, John le, 201. 
, William le, 201. 

Ghdfridns, dean of Manchester, 281. 
Gardner, Elizabeth, 117->119. 

, Thomas, 116-119. 

Chumett, John, 165. 
Garside, Joane, 38. 
Gartside, Adam, 132. 
GanTven, John, 208. 
Gkiythome, Anne, 11. 

, John, 11. 

, Thomas, 11. 

Gkaat, Nicholas, 108. 
Gee, Elizabeth, 25. 

, George, clerk, 25, 26. 

i Jonathan, 41. 

, Raph, 26. 

Gerrard, Miles, gent., 21, 221. 
Gill, Madam, 162. 
Gilliam, John, gent., 41. 
GKlUbrand, Mary, 165. 
CKrlington, Lady, 91. 
Glossop, Baphe, 148. 
Glorer, John, 127. 
Ooate, Mary, 55. 
Gk)ddard, James, 115. 
eoffe. Colonel, 43. 
Gt>odwin, Bobert, Esq., 110. 
Gt>rton, Edward, 143. 
Gt>Qsil, Symon de, 180. 
Ghonsnl, Sir Simon de, 3, 181. 

, Simon de, 2. 

Gratricke, Henry, 165. 
Greatres, Thomas, 81. 
Greayes, Thomas, 143. 
Green, Alexander, gent., 41. 

, Isaac, gent.. 14. 

Greene, Mr. Alexander, 66. 

, Balph, gent., 129, 284. 

, Boger, of Gongleton, 122, 124. 

Greenebanlgb, Thomas, Esq., 97. 
Grelle, Bobert, 2. 
Grotton, Bobert de, 193. 
Grimahaw, Mr., 162. 
Giiildhousee, the, 3-5, 17^-182. 
Gylsford, Miles, 73. 
Gymer, Katharine, 55. 

Haffhtone, Badulphna, gent., 221. 

Hale, Adam, 80. 

HaU, Isaac, 138, 142, 143. 

, Mr., clerk, curate of Birch, 145, 154. 

, James, gent., 88. 

, James, 116-119. 

Halle, John, 107, 142, 148. 

Halliwell, Ewen, 84. 

y Bichard, gent., 41. 

Hampson, Daniel, 166. 

Hardey, Elizabeth, 80. 

Hardman, John, 36, 165. 

Hardy, Henry, gent., 129, 284. 

, Bobert, gent., 129, 234. 

Harewode, Alexander de, 181. 

, Gilbert de, 181. 

Hanson, John, clerk, 60, 64. 

Harmer, Samuel, gent., 41. 

Harrison, James, 165. 

Harter, George Gardner, clerk, curate of 
Birch, 153-155. 

Hartley, Edward, 107. 

, John, Esq., 41. 

y John, gent., 41. 

, John, 10. 

, Thomas, 49, 138, 142, 144. 

Haselum, Hugh de, 6, 184, 185. 

Hathersage, Matthew de, 2, 4-6, 70. 

Hatirseg', Matthew de, 184. 

Haughton, John, 78. 

, Balph, gent, 21, 129, 234. 

Hav'seffe, Matthew, 179, 223. 

Haward, Alice, will o^ 70. 

, Samuel, 70. 

Haworth, Edmund, gent., 88. 

Haydock, Matthew de, seneschal of Sal- 
ford, 182, 225, 226. 

Hazlewood, Miss Hannah, 169. 

Hea, William de, 232. 

Healdhouses, vide Ghiildhouses. 

Heeton, William de, 183, 184. 

Heginbothom, Beulah, 64. 

, Cassandra, 64. 

, Henry, 64. 

, Joane, 63, 64. 

, William, 68, 64. 

Digitized by 




HMinbothom, Willuun, the younger, 68; 

wiU of, 64. 
Hesketh, Ber. Bobert, 168, 169. 

, Thomas, Esq., 21, 129, 221, 234, 287. 

Heth, Edward, 17, 199. 

, William, 17, 199. 

Heton, Thomas de, 180, 181. 
Hey, Anne, 86. 

, Ellis, gent, 86, 88, 89. 

Heylde, William, 8, 188. 

Heyriok, Biohard, warden of Manchester, 

4, 93, 146. 
Heyton, William de, 224. 
Heywood, Peter, gent., 129, 284, 287. 

, Peter, 118. 

Higgen, Elizabeth, 78. 

, Mr. Thomas, 78. 

Higinbotom, Martha, 89. 

, William, 39. 

Higson, Mr. John, 172. 
HiS, Elizabeth, 120. 
Hilton, William, 229, 230. 
Hindley, Bobert, cent., 21, 221. 
Hobson, George, 167. 

, John, 142, 165. 

, John, jun., 143. 

, Baphe, gent., 183. 

, Bobert, 130, 235. 

, Thomas, 143. 

Hoghton, Captain, 91. 

, Sir Gilbert, 90, 91. 

, Lady, 91. 

, Mr. Thomas, 91. 

Holand, Cecily, 88. 

, James, 79. 

Holoroft, Ellena, 98. 

, Thomas, Esq., 98. 

Holford, John, Esq., 172. 

^ Thomas, Esq., 5. 

HoUand, Colonel, 91. 

, Ber. John, 169. 

^ Bichard, Esq., 132. 

HoUinworth, Mr., of Manchester, 146. 

^ Bichard, clerk, 60. 

Holond, Bichard de, 225, 226. 
Holt, Matilda del, 6, 7, 185, 188. 

, Mr., of Btnbley, 90. 

, Thomas de, 197, 200, 283, 234. 

Honeford, Bichard de, 121, 188, 231, 282. 

, William de, 186. 

Honford, Agnes de, 7, 188. 

, Geoifirey de, 7, 188. 

, Henry de, 7, 188. 

, William de, 7, 14> 187, 188. 

Hoppewode, Adam de, 197. 
Honghton, Ber. John, 169. 

, Ber. Pendlebuiy, 170. 

, Baphe, 80. 

, Sir Bichard, 94. 

Houlme, George, 80. 
Hoult, John, 142. 
Hudson, Beulah, 64. 

, Henry, 108. 

, Baphe, 98. 

Hughes, Henry, 142, 143. 

f Thomas, 165. 

Hull, Cedlia del, 191. 
Hulm, Galfridus de, 224. 
Hulme, Adam, 143. 

, Charles, 63. 

, David, 63. 

, Edward, 165. 

, Francis Philips, 'clerk, curate of 

Birch, 153, 155. 

f George, 81. 

, John, 165. 

— , Laurence, 212. 

, Obadiah, 161, 163. 

, Mr. Bobert, of Beddish, 80. 

, Thomas, 165. 

, William, 165. 

Hulton, Adam de, 121, 231. 

, Elizabeth, 78. 

, John de, 180, 182, 188, 193, 206, 


, John de, of Famworth, 206. 

, Bichard de, 180, 182, 188, 193, 224. 

, Thomas de, rector of Bury, 205, 206. 

, Bobert de, 6, 184, 185. 

, William de, 121, 281. 

^ William, 78. 

Hunt, John, 142, 143, 216, 219, 220. 

, Margaret, 216. 

, BauS; 216. 

, William, 209. 

Hyde, Mr., derk, 39. 

, Bobert, 168. 

Hygen, Anthony, derk, dean of Bipon, 

will of; 73, 82, 84, 85, 88. 

, Edvnod, 78, 82. 

, Elizabeth, 73. 

, Gteorge, 78, 82, 84. 

, John, 78. 

, Bobest, 73. 

^ Thomas, will o( 73. 

Hyndsone, Jenet, 80. 

Ito, Brother, canon of Beauchief abbey. 

Digitized by 




Jaekeson, Thomas, 214. 
Jackson, Bichard, 83. 

, Bobert, 117, 118. 

, WiUiam, 32, 41. 

Jankens, Richard, 80. 
Jannef, Thomas, 142, 144. 
Jepson, Alice, 77, 78. 

, Mr., 57. 

Jepsonne, John, 77. 

Jerusalem, Knights Hospitallers o^ 12-16, 

189-191, 222. 
Jersey, Peter, 59. 
Jobson, William, 148. 
Johnson, John, 88. 

, Mrs. Margaret, 168. 

, Johnson, Richard, 142, 143. 

, Robert, 81. 

Jolley, Mr., 38. 

Jones, Edmund, derk, 80. 

Kay, Trances, 181. 

y John, 86. 

y Richard, 181. 

Kaye, Thomas, gent., 129, 284. 
Kekey, Colonel, 43. 
Kenion, Abram, 143. 

, M>«- Borathie, 88, 49. 

y Joseph, 142, 143. 

Kenyon, Dorothy, 67. 

, Edward, B.D., rector of Prestwioh, 


y George, sent., 129, 182, 234. 

y Ralph, or Gorton, 127. 

, Randun, 127. 

, Mr. Roger, M.P., 49. 

, Roger, of Parkhead, gent., 49. 

, Roger, clerk of the peace, 150, 160. 

Key, Corporal, 36. 
Kinsey, Anne, 87. 

y John, gent, 87, 133, 143. 

Kirsley, Jeremiah, 162. 
Knot, Elizabeth, 11. 
Knowles, Edmund, 142, 143. 
Kyrkhalgh, Lanrenoe, 212, 213. 

LaoT, John, Esq., 131, 236. 
Laghokes, Hugh de, 192. 

, William de, 192, 193. 

Lagoe, Dorothy, 50, 65. 

• , Waldire, Esq., 50. 

Lambert, Lord, 43. 
Lancashire, James, 41. 
Lane, Thomas, Esq., 21. 
Laogford, Edward, 165. 

Langford, Nicholas, 144. 

, Nicholas, Esq., 131, 236. 

, William, 144. 

Lawrence, James, 21, 213. 

, Jane, 21, 213, 214. 

Lawton, John, of Lawton, Esq., 122. 
Learer, William, of Darcy Learer, 132. 
Leech, John, chnrk, curate of Birch, 158, 

Lees, Agnes, 130, 235. 
Lees, tlLe. John, 67. 
Leese, James, 38. 
Leighe, Richard, gent., 129, 284. 
Lemiy, Richard, gent., 88. 
Leya, John le, 184. 
Leylond, Henry, 211, 218. 
Leyrer, Alexander, gent., 129, 234. 
Lightbowne, James, 93. 
my, Margaret, 117, 119. 
Lingard, lUchard, clerk, curate of Birch, 

145. 154. 
Livesey, Raph, 32. 
Lomax, Mr., 56. 

Longeford, Nicholaus de, 179, 180, 182. 
Longford, Henrr, arm., 231. 

, Nicholas de, 2, 3, 4. 

, Sir Nicholas de, 72, 197, 200, 232, 


, Nigel de, 2. 

, Noel de, 231, 232. 

Lonsdale, Miles, derk, curate of Birch, 

153. 155. 
Loyd, Mrs., 162. 
Lyne, Roger, 165. 

Make, W., 165. 

Mameceetr', Galfiridus de, 181, 183, 184, 
187, 231, 232. 

, Heniy de, 181, 185, 186. 

, Houlot de, 185. 

, Jordan de, 186, 231, 232. 

, Luke de, 183, 184, 231, 232. 

y Richard de, 194. 

y Robert de, 186, 231. 

y Symon de, 184, 231. 

, Thomas de, 187, 194, 281. 

Mandiester, GeoiBrey de, 5, 6, 121. 

, 6^i&ey, dean of, 121. 

— , Henry de, 6, 7. 

y Houlot de, 6. 

y Jordan de^ 121. 

y Luke de, 5, 6. 

y Robert de, 7. 

y Robert, son of Symon de^ 121. 

Digitized by 




Manchester, Thomae, son of GeofEtey, 0on 

of Luke de, 121. 

, William de, 6, 7, 186, 186. 

Manifould, Jane, 1^. 
Marchal, Henry de, 201. 

, Bichard le, 196. 

, Thomas le, 192, 193, 196. 

Markland, Thomas, gent., 21, 221. 
Marler, Robert, gent., 41. 
Marlor, Raphe, 144. 
Marshall, Miss, 169. 

, Mrs., 160. 

Martindale, Adam, clerk, 148. 
Masoj, Constance, 212, 213. 

, Edward, 212. 

, Hugh de, 181. 

, Robert de, 181, 212, 213. 

Massej, Anne, 26. 

y Edward, gent., 2a 

, Hamnet, 26. 

, Henry, 63. 

, Isabel, 26, 39. 

, Joel, 26. 

1 Katharine, 26. 

, Margaret, 26. 

, Randle, 26. 

Massie, Edward, gent., 27. 
Meadoworoft, Giles, gent., 94. 
Meanlej, Rev. Rioha^ 170. 
Meeke, William, clerk, 60. 
Mellor, William, 143. 
Middulton, Roger de, 191. 
Midilton, Roger de, 187, 188. 
MilkewaUeslade, Ellen de, 16, 17, 121, 122, 


, John de, 17, 121, 122, 198, 233. 

, Robert de, 16, 17, 121, 194, 196, 

198, 232-234. 
, Robert de, the younger, 17, 121, 

198, 233. 
Millington, Worral, 116, 118. 
Minshall, Mr. Thomas, 66. 
Molineux, Lord, 90. 
Moore, Colonel Samuel, 110. 
More, Cecilia de la, 16. 

, Richard de la, 14, 189, 190. 

, WiUiam de la, 16, 190. 

Morgan, Colonel, 101 109. 
Morris, Lydia, 146. 

, William, clerk, 146. 

Morte, Adam, mayor of Preetoui 91. 
Mosedon, Henry ae, 7, 187. 
Mbsley, Sir Edward, 11. 
, Rowland, Esq., 89. 

Mosley, Sir Nicholas, 89. 

, Oswald, gent., 26. 

Mosse, Anne, &. 

J John, 83. 

, Robert, 74. 

, Willia^^ 166. 

Moston, Richard de, 179-182, 184, 187, 
192, 232. 

, William de, 224. 

Moullns, Roger de, 14. 
Mylkwalslade, Robert de, 197. 

Naplouse, Gamier de, 14^ 189. 
Neuton, John de, 201. 
Newoome, Mr., olerk, 64, 106, 160. 
Nicholson, Isaac, 166. 

, Ralph, 138. 

, Willisin, 142, 143, 166. 

Nield, Henry, gent., 41. 
Noreis, William le, 184. 
Norman, Elizabeth, 67, 146. 

, James, Esq., 67. 

, Sarah, 146. 

J Thomas, derk, curate of Birch, 146, 

Norreis, Jordan, 191. 

, WiUiam le, 121, 231. 

Norris, Matthew, Esq., 114. 

, Winifred, 114. 

Norros, William de, 191. 
Norst, Jone, 123. 
Norton, William de, 191. 
Nuehyc, John, 208. 

Odcroft, John, 162. 
Offerton, Robert, 166. 
Okell, Mrs., 162. 
Oldfelt, William, Esq., 99. 
Oldham, Alice, 166. 

, Robert, 166. 

Olgreye, Thomas, 211. 

Ormerod, Oliyer, clerk, curate of Bireh, 

164, 166. 
Ormeston, Adam de, 181. 
Ormond, James, Duke of, 101. 
OrrelL Elizabeth, 64. 

, • ranees, 64. 

OttiweU, Elizabeth, 27, 29, 31, 88« 89, 


, James, gent., 41. 

, Joseph, derk, 27, 38> 89. 

Ottywell, Elizabeth, 66. 

, John, 66. 

Ouldam, George, 26. 

Digitized by 

Google I 



Oiildliam, John, 41. 
Owen, Bobejft, gent., 41. 

Palgraye, Maiy, 64. 

•^—y Nathaniel, olerk, 64. 

Par, Henry de, 226, 226. 

Parkinson, Benolds, 66, 142, 144. 

Parte, John, 166. 

Patrick, Dr. Simon, biahop of Ohioheater, 

Foeral, John, 127, 216. 
Peanon, John, 166. 

, Thomas, 166. 

Pedigreee: — 

Biroh of Ardwick, 120. 

of Birch, 102. 

Diekenaon of Birch, 106. 

Edge of Bnihohne, 12. 

Flatt of Piatt, 24. 


"WoraUsT of Grompton, 68. 

of Piatt, 66. 

Parson, John, 88. 
Pendlebury, Marj, 169. 
Penilbnrr, Elias de, 4^ 181. 

i Bobert de, 181. 

^ Boger de, 8, 180, 181. 

Pennilbnrj, Adam de, 191. 
Penraddocke, Captain, 112. 
Peploe, Elisabeth, 114. 

y John, 114. 

Perdyal, "Widow, 148. 
Perepont, BichaM de, 181. 
Perserall, Elizabeth, 80, 87. 
PersiTall, George, 80, 81. 

, John, 142, 148. 

y Biohard, 142, 148. 

, Thomaa, 142, 148. 

y Edmund, 107. 

Pilkington, Bobert, Esq., 21, 221. 
Pilkinton, Alexander de, 181, 187, 191. 
Pilkjnton, Sir Boger de, 198. 
Plat, Hngh de, 180. 
— , Boger de, of Holyngrere, 191. 

y William del, 227,229. 

Piatt, Adam del, 201. 

, Alonia del, 17, 201-204. ^ 

y Amabilia del, 16, 191. 

, Annee, 21, 218. 

, Cecilia del, 16, 16, 191, 192. 

, Constance, 18-20, 206, 209, 211, 


, Edmund, 22, 28, 78, 80, 222. 

, Elisabeth, 21, 22, 77, 222. 

Piatt, Ellen del, 16, 16, 121, 192, 194, 196, 

, Ellen del, the younger, 16^ 196,196. 

, family o^ 12-24.^' 

y Geoffrey del, 16, 191. 

, Geoffirey, 18, 208. 

, Henry del, 16, 16, 191, 194, 196. 

1 Henry del, the younger, 16, 197. 

^ Isabella, 21, 22, 222. 

, Jane, 2a 

, Joane, 22, 217, 2ia 

, John, 18; indnlgenoe granted to, 

by Pope Pins 11., 19 : letters of affilia- 
tion addressed to, ihid., 20, 21, 22, 206, 
208, 209, 212-217, 220-222. 

, John del, 16, 17, 194, 196, 198, 


, John del, the yonnger, 17, 208, 204. 

y John, gent, 77. 

, Katharine del, 17, 18, 206, 207, 200. 

, Loreta del, 16, 200. 

, Margaret del, 16, 17, 199, 200, 219. 

, Nicholas del, 17, 201-206. 

, Balnh, gent., 7a 

, Bichafd, 20; letters of affiliation 

granted to, 21 ; inquisition p.m. of, 
ibid,y 22, 207. 

, Eichard del, 16-17; will o^ 18, 

193-198, 199, 200, 201, 206, 209. 

, Bobert del, 16 5 wiU o^ 16. 17, 121, 

192-196, 233, 234. 

, Boger del, 16, 16, 192-106. 

, Wmiam, 20, 214, 215, 220. 

Platte, Henry de la, 192. 

f John, 74. 

, Eichard, 210-212, 216-222. 

— , Biohard, sen., 216. 

Playford, Georse, 64, 66, 

f Henry, of Northrepps, 61. 

, John, 64, 66. 

, Mary, 61. 

, Nicholas, 64, 66. 

, Eichard, 64. 

Podmore, Eichard, 122, 123. 

Pomfret, George, 142, 148. 

Poole, Baphe, 66. 

Pope, William, 64, 66. 

Poynton, John de, - .^1. 

Prescot, George, 142. 

Prestewyohe, Badulphus de, 203, 204. 

Preston, Captain, 91. 

Prestwich, Edmund, Esq., 10. 

, James de, 228, 229. 

, Mr.,90. 

K K 

Digitized by 




Frettwicho, Badulphus, 207. 
Pride, Colonel, 108. 
Frowdeliiff<^ Badulphus, 212. 
PungloTOy Bidhard, 84. 
Fnrrev, Migor, 91. 
Pye, Sip Walter, 111. 

Babi, Jordan de, 185. 
Baddiff, Muor, 98. 

y John de, of Ordsal, 202. 

y BadulphnB de, 202, 204. 

Baddiffe, Sir Alexander, 90. 

, Bobert, 148. 

^ Sir William, 78. 

Bftdeolif, John de, of Ohadderton, 

, BadnlphuB de, 204, 205. 

, Sir Baipb, 204, 205. 

BadeoliTe, Bicbard de, 180, 181. 

, William de, 181, 188. 

Batdiffe, Edward, gent., 107. 

, Sarab, 107. 

Batbband, Nathaniel, derk, 60. 

Bawlinge, Biobard, miniater, 88, 85. 

BawBon, Balpb, 101. 

Beade, Henry, 142. 

Bedfem, John, 116. 

Beddisb, Bobert de, 71. 

Bedicb, James, 142, 144. 

, Matthew de, 181. 

, Biobard de, 187, 188. 

, Bobert de, 183, 184. 

, Stephen de, 186. 

Bediche, Qeorge, 231. 
Bedig*, Bobert, 179. 
Bediol^ Edward, 73. 
Bedycbe, Bobert de, 224. 
Benshaw, Jonathan, 165. 
Bicbardson, Edward, 98. 
, G^eorge, 41. 

, Thomas, 166. 

Bicbebeiy, John, derk, 18, 208. 
Bidebom, Biobard, 232. 
Bid^ Jane, 64. 
Bidmges, Abednego, 142. 
— , John, 143. 
Bidings, John, 41. 
Bigbie, Edward, Esq., 88. 
Bigby, Alexander, Esq., 98. 

, Anne, 98. 

, Cicely, 25. 

, Nicholas, 25. 

Bighway, Sarah, 99. 
Bobinson, Alice, 98. 


Bobinson, ^obn, Esq., 98. 

Boger^ GDbomas, 55. 

Botberam, Dr. Cale, 169, 170. 

Bothwell, Mr. Philip, 158. 

Bowbotham, Edward, 165. 

Bowley, Geoi&ey, 128. 

Budd, John, 212. 

Bupert, Prince, 91. 

Busohebeiy, J., 208. 

Busholme^ township of; deriyation of 
name, 1 ; the sereral hamlets of which 
it consists, ibid.; its early proprietors, 
2-24 s its more recent possessors, 25- 
186 ; erection and endowment of Birdi 
cfaapd, 137-141 ; gronnd-plan of 
chapd, 142 ; hamlets connecting 
themsehres with the chapd, 148; its 
eodesiastical relations, 144$ curates of 
chapel, 145-165 ; description of chapel, 
155 ; chapd rebuilt, 15&-159 ; erection 
of Trini^ church and St. John's, 
Longsight, 159; origin of dissent in 
the township, 160 ; erection of Piatt 
chapd, 161-164; ground-plan of Piatt 
chapel, 165; endowment proTided, 
166-168; list of mmisters, 168-170$ 
population returns of township, 170; 
yaluation of township, 171 ; its area, 
ibid,; Boman road, l72 ; Nioker ditdi, 

Busbolme, Henry de, 5, 6. 

Busbton, Edward, 171. 

BuBBchun, Henry de, 184. 

Bussum, Henry de, 183-185. 

Byland, Peter, 162. 

Sacbererell, Philippa, 128. 

, Balpb, 128. 

Scbetham, Galfridus de^ 282. 
Scholar, Butb, 67. 
Scocroft, Bicbard, gent., 129, 234. 
Schofldd, Anthony, 3.1. 
Scholes, Joseph, gent., 88. 

^ Master, derk, 64. 

Scoles, Hugh, capellanuB, 207. 
Seaton, Miyor-General Sir John, 91. 
Seddon, Abraham, 132. 
Sedon, Bandle, 144. 
Sergeant, Cassandra, 64. 

f Clemenoe, 67. 

— , Hannah, 67. 
, Peter, gent., 64. 

, Thomas, gent., 67. 

Shalcross, James, 188. 

Digitized by 




Shebn'dtjn, Nicholat, 210. 
Shelmarame^ Edmund, 87. 
*— ,Elnali,165. 

, J^ 142, 148, 166. 

— — , Mary, 87. 

y Nicholas, 20. 

, Peter, 63. 

, Thomas, 28, 98, 187, 142, 144, 168, 

— -, Thomas, sen., 144. 

, William, 142, 144. 

Sholorosse, Steven, 142. 

ShoteUesworth, Roger de, the younger, 

Sidal, Adam, 144. 
SiddaQ, iiioe, 127. 

, Anne, 127. 

^— , Edward, 10, 122-127; inqoisition 

of, 128-181, 184. 

, Elizabeth, 126-127, 180. 

, EUen, 127. 

-^— , Ctenet, 127. 

, George, 128, 180-184, 142, 144. 

^-— , George, gent., 27. 

, John, 183, 163. 

, John, gent., 188, 188, 166, 167, 


, Ser. Joseph Lawton, 170. 

^ Katharine, 182, 188. 

i Martha, 27. 

, Mr., of SUde, 187, 188, 142-144, 

162, 171. 

I , of Slade, family of; 121-186. 

, Thomas, 126-127, 180, 138, 188. 

, Thomas, of Bumage, gent, 167. 

, Bichard, 10, 122 ; will of, 124-127. 

y William, 127. 

Skippon, Major-Genera], 43. 
Blade, Bmmota del, 17, 203, 204. 

Hall, description of, 184. 

f Hugh de, 228, 229. 

, John del, 17, 208, 228, 229. 

, Jone, 123, 124, 128. 

, Banffe, gent., 122-124, 128. 

, Thomas, marriage-ooTenant o^ 122- 

124,128. I 

Smethton, Elias de, prior of the Knights 

Hospitallers in EngUmd, 16, 191. 
Smith, Adam, 86. 

^ Edmund, 142, 144. 

, John, 144, 166. 

, Mary, 106. 

, Biobwd, 143. 

, Thomas, 144. 

Sondeforth, Soger, 213. 
Sparrow, Major, 91. 
Stampe, W^, 66. 

y Philip, gent., 41. 

Standish, Bichard, Esq., 142. 
Stanelay, Sir Balph de, 206. 
Stapleton, Bryan, Esq., 110. 
Starkie, John, 92. 
Stokeport, Jordan de, clerk, 282. 
Stonenewer, John, 27, 37, 38. 

, Martha, 27, 87. 

, Mary, 37. 

Stoppard, Joseph, 144. 
Strangeways, John de, 208. 
Strangwayes, Katharine, 8. 

^, Philip, Esq., 8. 

, Thomas, 8. 

, William, gent., 8, 9. 

Strangwaies, John, 9. 
Strangweis, Philip, Esq., 9. 

, Thomas, 9. 

Streete, William, 143. 

Stretford, Hugh de, 181. 

Strongwas, Gbdfridus de, 186, 187, 226, 

Syddall, Edward, of Slade, 234-286. 

, Elizabeth, 286, 236. 

, George, 236, 236. 

, Thomas, 286. 

Sykes, Miss Hannah, of Leeds, 168. 

Taillonr, John le, of Manchester, 194, 196. 
Talbot, Mr. George, 91. 

, Sir John, 91. 

TaUor, Bobert, 142, 148. 

Tarlton, Thomas, gent., 21, 221. 

Taylor, Jacob, 148. 

y Samuel, dork, curate of Birch, 161, 

162, 166. 

, Widow, 143. 

Tele, Agnes, 191. 

i John, 191. 

Teliare, Edward, 80. 

Tetlow, Elizabeth, 99. 

, John, derk, curate of Birch, 99, 162, 

Thomeley, Bandle, 162. 
Thorp, James, 166. 
Thropp, Anne, 11. 
-^ — , William, 11. 
Tildeskr, Edward, Esq., 10. 
■"' , Mr., 90. 

, Thurstan, 229, 230. 

Timperley, Thomas, 142, 143. 

Digitized by 




Touchet, Kr., of Manohester, 170. 
Trafford, Edmund, 207. 

, Edmund de, 206. 

, Sir Edmund, 4. 

, GeoflBrey de, 6, 182. 

, Henry de, 3-7, 71, 179-182, 186, 

186, 194, 195, 197, 204, 224, 232. 
, Sir Henry de, 2, 4, 5, 179, 182, 193, 

224, 282, 234. 

, Trafford, John de, 206. 

f Nicholas de, 5, 182. 

, Kalph de, 181. 

, Richard de, 2, 6, 71, 182, 184, 186, 

192, 224. 
, Bichard de, rector of Gheadla, 180, 

, Robert de, 6, 71, 181, 182, 197, 224, 

232, 234. 

, Thomas, 207. 

, Thomas de, 5, 182, 200, 233, 234. 

Trayis, George, 23. 

, Widow, 165. 

TrayisB, Biohard, 142, 144. 

, Thomas, 142, 144. 

Twyford, Robert, derk, curate of Birch, 

152, 155. 
-— ^, William, clerk, curate of Birch, 152, 

Tyrar, Robert, 116. 

Ver, Gilbert de, 190. 
Yost, Richard, 166. 
^ Thomas, 166. 

Walker, Elizabeth, 27. 
— , G^rge, 27. 

, James, 116. 

, John, 116, 117, 119. 

, Robert, 163, 165. 

, Thomas, 30, 230. 

Walton, Colonel, 96. 
West, Thomas, Lord De la Warre, 7. 
Whalley, Commissarr-General, 43. 
Wharton, Lord, 90, 91. 
Whelocke, Richard, 122. 
Whelwrighte, John, 80. 
Whitaker, Mr., 63. 

, Rer. Mr. John, 166, 169. 

, Richard, 166, 167. 

Whiteacres, Richard, capellanus, 227-229. 
Whitehead, Edmund, gent., 88. 
Whitelegg, James, 166. 

, Thomas, 166, 167. 

Whitelegge, Rey. William, 170. 

Whiticar, Edmund, 142, 148. 

Whittaker, Richard, 161, 163, 166. 

, Widow, 165. 

Whitworth, John, gent., 41. 

Wigan, Elizabeth, 146. 

, John, clerk, curate of Birch, 140, 

145, 146, 154. 

, Lydia, 146. 

Wilde, Mr., of Rochdale, 56, 57. 

Wildman, Major, 44. 

Wilkensone, Henry, 80. 

Wilkinson, Anne, 99. 

, John, 142, 144. 

— , John, jun., 142. 

, Richard, 165. 

, Thomas, 66. 

Williamson, Widow, 142, 143. 

Willinson, Ellen, 65. 

Wilson, Peter, 55. 

Wilsone, Margaret, 80. 

Wilton, Gilbert de, 190, 

Wimbell, Nicholas, 143. 

Wolstenholme, Francis, gent., 88. 

Wolwerke, Thomas, 142, 148. 

, Edward, 98. 

Wood, Francis, 144, 162, 165. 

, Francis, the elder, 163. 

, James, 118. 

— ^, John, 144. 

, Mary, 118, 119. 

, Richuil, geni., 129, 284. 

, William, 166. 

Woorthington, James, gent., 221. 

Woosenoroft, Daniel, 115. 

Woosencrofte, Martha, 165. 

Workedeley, Richard de, 187. 

Workesley, Edmund de, 206. 

, Elias de, 26. 

, Robert, ar., 229, 280. 

Worsley, Alice, 70. 

, Charles, 25-27, 80, 81, 86-87, 60, 

52, 58, 61, 64-67, 70, 142, 144, 162. 

y Charles, gent., 14. 

, Mr.Charles, 29, 80, 88, 62, 68» 162, 


^ Lieut-Col. Charles, 87, 88. 

1 Major-General Charles, M.P., 88, 

39 ; memoir o( 89-61 j obtains a oom- 
mission in the parliamentary army, 89 ; 
raises a regiment, ibid,} appointed to 
the command of Cromwell's own r^« 
ment of foot, 40 ; is present at the dia^ 
solution of the long parliament^ ihid.; 
takes possession of the speaker's maoe^ 

Digitized by 

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ibid.; elected M.P. for Manchester, 41 ; 
appointed to the command of the army 
in the countiee of Lancaster, Ohester 
and Stafford, 42; proceeds to eject 
Bcandalons minbters and schoolmasters, 
44; disarms papists and malignants, 
ibid.; carries mto exeoation the laws 
against drunkenness, swearing and pro- 
fuiity, 45 ; prohibits horse-racine in 
Cheshire, tbid.; proposes to the Pro- 
tector to extend the taxation of delin- 
quents' estates to incomes of £50 per 
annnm, 46 ; sequestrates the estates of 
delinquents, ihtdr, much troubled by 
the sect of Quakers, ibid,; suppresses 
alehouses, »&u2.; summoned to London 
by the Protector, 47; where, on his 
arriyal, he dies and is buried in West- 
minst^ abbey, ibid.; his character, as 
drawn by his contemporaries, 48 ; pro- 
rision made for his widow and children 
by the Protector and his council, ibid.; 
aUeged indignity offered to his remains, 
49; his family connexions, ibid.; his 
portrait, sword and £Eu$-simile of auto- 
graph, 50, 61, 68, 66, 67, 171. 

Worsley, Charles, Esq., 167. 

, Charles, derk, will o^ 54. 

y Charles Carill, Esq., 67, 189. 

-^-, Ciceley, 25. 

f Clemence, 67. 

, dementia, 62, 68, 67. 

y Deborah, 62, 68, 67. 

y Dorothie, 88, 50, 66, 70, 

, Edward, 25, 26, 89, 142, 144. 

, Edwitfd, derk, 27, 29, 81, 89, 51- 

55, 58, 65. 

, Elizabeth, 25, 27, 88, 65. 

, Elizabeth Carill, 67. 

r\ 9 family of, 25-70. 

, George, 27, 29, 80, 81, 87, 89, 58^ 

59,65,66,188, 17L 

y Isabel, 26, 89. 

^ John CarUl, Esq., 67, 16a 

Worsley, John Carill, clerk, 67. 

, Martha, 27-29, SO, 85, 89, 49, 68, 


, Mary, 27, 86, 87, 49, 52, 54, 55, 65. 

, Mr., 165, 170, 171. 

, Mr., of Heild House, 171. 

, Nicholas, 25. 

, Otes, 25. 

, Peter, 62, 68, 67, 166, 167. 

, Ealph,gent., 4, 11, 14, 28, 25-27; 

will of, 28-82 {ffide also 61-68), 85, 
87-89, 49, 51-58, 55, 67-59, 61, 64-66» 
70, 138, 144, 149, 160-168, 166. 

, Raphe, 187, 142. 

, Baphe, clerk, 27, 29, 81, 57-60, 65. 

y Roger, 88, 50, 66, 70. 

, Sfunh, 89, 49, 62, 68 ; will o^ 64- 


y Thomas, 37. 

, Thomas Carill, Esq., 67, 159, 171. 

Worthington, Esther, 68. 

y James, gent., 21. 

, John de, 193. 

, John, 166. 

, Eobert, 166, 167. 

Wosencroft, James, 142. 

Wright, John le, capellanus, 227-229. 

y Thomas, dork, curate of Birch, 

140, 152, 156. 

Wrigl^, Henry, 97. 

» Samud, 165. 

Wroe, Richard, D.D., warden of Man- 
chester, 160, 152. 

Wynn, Sir Richard, 91. 

Wyrkesworthe, Nicholas de^ derk, 198y 

Wyrl^. Humphrey, Esq., 102, 104, 152. 

, Mrs., 108, 

, Sybil, 102. 

Wytfdd, AUce de, 71, 226. 

, Henry de, 71, 226-227. 

Yieldhouses, vide Ghuldhouses. 


Charles Slmms and Co., Printers, Manchester. 

Digitized by 


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Akedone, 121, 281. 


Alirincham, 170. 

Ardwick, 10, 106, 114-120; Green, 97-8; 

HouBe, 160. 
Aficalon, 14. 
Ashley, 170. 
ABhton-unde]^L7ne, 27, 64, 88, 162, 178- 

4; Moss, 174 
Aston, 27. 
Audenshaw (Awdwynshawe), 188, 162, 

Aylflham, 64 

Bamford, 7, la 

Banereris, 121. 

Banke, The, 26. 

Barnard Castle, 164. 

Bamelanton, 26. 

Bam Field, 86, 182. 

Barwicke, 87. 

Beanchief Abbey, 179. 

Bellaport, 99. 

Birch (Birohe, Byrcbe), 1, 8, 20, 22, 70, 

72, 76-6, 82-8, 98, 104, 106, 121, 188, 

141, 148, 146-^, 148, 162, 172. 
Chapel, 86, 88-9, 68, 98, 99, 187, 

189-40, l4&-b, 147-60, 168-6, 160. 

Churoh, 174-6. 

Hall, 86, 88, 97, 100, 104, 108, 

Hall (Birchal) Fold, 97, 188, 160, 

(Bixchall) Houses, 10-11, 62, 188, 

148, 166, 171. 
Lane, 104, 178 ; Mill, 71, 76$ School, 

Birchen, 88. 

Birchenewode, 7, 186. 

Birchis (Byrches), 224, 280. 

Birch (Byrch) Wood, 76. 

Blackburn, 46» 91. 

Blackden, 87, 188. 

Black (Blake) Flatt, 28, 161. 

Blackley, 28, 27, 187. 

Blakestake, 27, 89, 188, 219. 

Bolton, 86, 60, 91, 96, 129, 181, 168-9, 

Bottom Wood, 182 ; Field, 182. 
Breadie Buttes and Lands, 26. 
Breerehurst (Brerehurst), 122-8, 128. 
Bretherton, 61. 
Bridgewater, 108-9. 
Bristol, 108, 118, 170. 
Broad Croft, 28. 

Broad (Brode) Meadowe, 7, 76, 79, 186. 
Bruch (Warrington), 104. 
Bruches, 196. 

Brucke (Bruc-) Field, 21, 214, 217. 
Bruckshaw, 98, 
Burgh, 98. 
Bumage, 1, 167-8. 
Bury, 47, 97. 

Calf e Orofte, 76, 87. 
Canterbury, 108. 
Carfax, 101. 
Camforth^ 168. 
Castleton, 141. 
Chadderton, 88. 
Cheadle, 141. 

Mosley, 141. 

Cheetam Hill, 87. 
Chelford, 60. 

Chester, 11, 14, 21-2, 82, 44, 47, 68-4^ 66, 
78, 88, 97-100, 116, 117, 127, 147, 166. 

Digitized by 



Ghorlton, 1, 10, 137, 141, 148, 147, 162, 216. 

OlaTffeld, 7, 186. 

Clerkenwell, 13. 

Olithero, 49. 

Ctoley, 11. 

Oongleton, 122. 

Gorley, 36. 

Com Brook, 173. 

Gringlebiook, 138. 

Oroft, 25. 

CSroBtoD, 61. 

Crow Croft, 173. 

Cullenfield, 133. 

Dane Wood, 174. 
Dayentry, 170. 
Deanflgate, 116. 
Denton, 137, 141, 174. 
Didsbuiy (Didisbury, &c.), 30, 39, 83, 126, 
137, 140-1, 152, 232. 

Chapel, 40, 145, 163. 

Didisford, 121, 231. 
Dighton, 73. 
Dob, 106. 
Dodworth, 131. 
Dole, 26. 

Droylsden, 88, 116, 174. 
Durham, 37, 82, 84. 
Chaile, 82. 

Eccles, 37, 86, 89, 90. 
Egmanton (Egmenton), 27, 29. 
EUand, 170. 

ElleBmere (Elsmere), 27, 65. 
Entwissell, 10. 

Fairfield, 174. 

FaU, The, 87. 

FaUowfield, 62, 138, 144, 166. 

FiTe Acres, 86. 

Forty Acres, 86. 

Fullwood, 170. 

Qatisheade, 82. 
Geldebrook, 15, 193. 
Gloucester, 109. 
Gooden, 88. 
GhxKlrich Castle, 109. 
Goosecroft (Gosecroft), 16, 198. 
G^osecroft House, 18. 
Goosetree, 133. 

Gore Brook, 7, 14^ 71, 174r-5, 187. 
Gorse Crofts, 4. 

Gorton, 1, 10, 114, 120-1, 127, 130-1, 187- 
8, 140, 145, 152, 169, 172-3, 176, 236-6. 

Gorton Chapel, 115, 169. 

Goscrofthous, 209. 

Goslache (GK>selaohe), 2-6, 14-15, 179, 

181, 192, 195. 
Grayel Hole, 26. 
Great Brook Field, 23. 
Great Ditch, 14. 
Moss, 2. 

Pendleton, 138. 

Greenackers, 38. 

6hindlow (Ghrenlow, GTenclow,&c.), 8,80, 
143, 147, 186, 188 ; Field, 7 ; Lache, 2, 
3, 179-^ ; Marsh, 183, 138. 

Guildhouse, see Healdhouse. 

Halegateford, 7, 187. 
Half-acre, The, 25. 
HaU Cliff, 26; Croft, 23. 

Field (Hallefelde),21,23,214,217. 

Hamilton^ battle of, 88. 
Hampstead, 102, 152. 

Handford, 7. 
Handsworth, 102-3. 
Hanging Ditch, 86. 

Meadow, 26. 

Harrock, 26. 
Haworth, 88. 

Healdhouses (Heald-house, Ghiild, Yedd), 
3-6,29,171,179-82; Ditch,3,196; Moor,4. 
Hereford, 109, 111 ; Castle, 109. 
Hemeflatte, 16, 193. 
Hindley(Hyndley) Birch, 78^87, 220, 228. 
Hobearthe, The, 26. 

Holt, 85, 89, 185; HaU,7; Market, 64-5. 
Horse Hey, 132. 
Houghend (Housend), 144. 
Houehton, 82. 
Hoidgate Meadow, 26. 
Hulme, 10. 
Hurst, 98. 
Hyde, 169-70; Eoad, 173. 

Ince, 7. 

Irke, Birer, 210. 

Isle of Man, 96. 

Jerusalem, Pilgrimage, 12. 

Ked Lane, 178. 

Kemlache, 8, 180. 

Kenerdey (Kenerden), 87 bit, 

Kersal (Eersawe, Kerksawe, Kerksall, 

Eeksal, Key-saU, Kirkshaw), 10, 126. 

127, 129-33, 235-6. 
Wood, 129. 

Digitized by 




Kiln Croft, 23. 
Eirk Deighton, 73. 
EirkmaDshnlme, 173-4. 
Knuteford, 48, 169. 
Vale, 173. 

Lftdy Barn, 144. 

Lancaster, 168. 

Lawton, 122. 

Leeds, 168. 

Lees, 129. 

Lei^, 25. 

Lenton Priorj, 128. 

Leominster, 110. 

Letheringsett, 29, 61, 64<6. 

LeTonshulme, 1. 29, 138, 143, 166, 168, 

Little Brook Field, 23. 
— LeTer, 169. 

Bed Stone, 182. 

LiTerpool,14,91-6,146,169; Castie,46. 
London, 38, 47, 56-7, 96, 101, 110, 173, 

190; Fire, 113. 
Long Byes, 23. 

Longsight, 1, 138, 140, 153, 159, 172-4. 
Lone Small Meadow, 86. 
Ludlow Castle, 109. 

Maodesfleld, 27, 173. 

Man, Isle of, 135. 

Manchester, 1, 4^, 8, 10-11, 16, 20-3, 
25-8, 30-1, 35, 37, 89, 41, 45, 49-50, 
52-8, 58-60, 67, 70, 72-8, 77, 79, 82, 
86-91, 97, 104, 106, 108, 114, 116, 118- 
19, 121-2, 124, 129, 131, 133, 137-8, 
140-1, 144, 146, 149-^5, 168, 170, 172- 
5, 221. 

Meane Field, 132. 

Menegate, Le, 5. 

Mersey, Biyer, 14. 

Michewall Biehe, 72, 121. 

Middleton, 86. 

Middlewioh, 45. 

Middope, 23. 

Midway Biyer, 174-5. 

MUgate (MUngate), 27, 37. 

Milkwallslade, 121, 125, 128, 130-1, 183, 
281, 234, 236. 

Milne KnoUe, 76. 

Monkshall, 86. 

Moorside, 141. 

Moieton, 122. 

Moss-Side, 1, 3, 188. 

Moston, 27, 62, 125. 

Much Woolton, 14. 

Nantwioh, 11, 16»-70. 

Newcastle, 87, 82. 

Newham Qreen, 25, 87. 

New Intack, 26 ; Pale, 9. 

Newton, 1, 27, 36, 121, 137 ; Heath, 173. 

Nico (Nicker) Dith, 121, 172-8. 

Northampton, 169. 

Northerden, 87. 

North Bepps, 54^. 

Northwich, 96. 

Norton, 98. 

Norwich, 54-5, 170. 

Nuthurst, 77. 

Nuum Ghreen, 87. 

Cakes, 132. 
Oldham, 129. 
Old Marled Earth, 75, 87. 
Openshaw, 173-4. 
Ordsal, 106, 113. 
Ormskirk, 146, 170. 
Onldearthe, The, 25. 
Ouse Moss, 175. 
Owd Oreen Lone, 173. 
Oxford, 38, 55-7, 60, 101. 

Palace Buildings, 104; Inn, 104. 

Park Head (near Whalley), 38, 49, 66-7. 

Peel Castle, 95. 

PhiUps' Park, 173. 

Pighowt, 87. 

Pif hell, 75. 

Pike End, 23. 

Pilkington, 67. 

Pingot, The, 23. 

Pink Pank Lane, 178, 175. 

Piatt, 1-5, 7, 12-16, 18, 28, 26-8, 80, 35, 
37-8, 41, 48-^, 57-9, 61, 63-7, 70-1, 
77, 121, 138, 14»-50, 160, 167-70, 192, 
195-6, 201, 204, 206, 220. 

Chapel, 62, 166-9 ; Hall, 159. 

Plattinge, 98. 

Plymouth, 106. 

Pieston, 86, 48-4, 91, 110. 

Prestwich, 50, 67, 70, 182, 154. 

Qwikehaggedlonde, Le, 5. 

Bagland Castle, 109. 

Bathmel, 168. 

Beddish, 8Q, 173-4. 

Bhodes, 25. 

Bipon, 74. 

BiTington, 169. 

Boohdale, 56, 86-8, 141, 173. 

Digitized by 



Bofltherne, 148, 158. 

Rough Fields, 116. 

Bound Meadow, 182. 

Bunoom, 14. 

Bunton, 27, 51-2, 65. 

BuBh, 174. 

Buflh-brook, 178, 175. 

Buahfopd (Bu«eford), 6, 7, 71, 143, 178- 
4, 184, 187. 

Bushin Castle, 95. 

Busbolme (Bushulme, Bisehohne, Bus- 
Chun, Ac.), 1-8, 6-10, 12, 16-16, 18, 
21, 22-8, 26, 27-8, 86-7, 52-8, 67-9, 
62, 64, 77-8, 88, 88, 97, 121, 129-80, 
138, 187, 144^ 145, 149-50, 156, 159-60, 
166-7, l70-«, 182, 184-6, 188, 215-17, 
202, 205, 218, 219, 221-2, 284, 286. 

Green, 20 ; Meadow, 5, 26. 

Saddleworth-fnth, 17. 

Salisbury, 111. 

Salford (Sawford), 26-6, 89, 68-4, 70, 82, 

88, 151. 
Salthous^ 55. 
SchoolshUl, 140. 
Seayen Falls, 26. 
Seren Acres, 86. 

Thorns Wells, 174. 

Sbepley, 88. 

Shore, 88. 

Short Byes, 28. 

Skipton, 87. 

Skde, 121-2, 129, 188, 138, 148-4, 167, 

171, 231. 

Slade Hall, 10, 121-2. 124^ 128, 131, 184^ 

172, 195. 
Small Meadow, 76. 
Smithy door, 81. 

Somer Werkeddeffeld, 7, 186. 

Standish, 149; Moor, 86. 

Stafford, 44. 

Stanhope, 81-4. 

Stoekport(Stopperd),6, 82,186; Road,178. 

Stone Church, 168. 

Stony Lands, 28. 

Stow on the Wold, 109. 

Strangeways, 8-9. 

Street ffould, 62. 

Stretford, 137, 152. 

Swyndley Woodhouses, 26. 

Taylor's Tenement, 62. 
Thistle Fields, 182. 

Thomditch (Xhomidiche), 16, 196. 
Three Acres, 87. 
Tiberias, Battle of, 14. 
Tildesley, 10. 
Tollache, 2. 
Tunstall, 128. 
Two Acres, 188. 
Oaks, 86. 

Uttoxeter, 86. 

Victoria Park, 172. 

Warrington, 86, 47, 146. 

Wartbe, 182. 

Weardale, 81. 

Wedgewood, 128. 

Wem, 170. 

Weobley, 108, 111-14. 

Westminster, 66, 101-2 ; Abbey, 47. 

Wetherby, 78. 

Whalley, 88, 60. 

Wheat- (Wheyte) croft, 26, 76, 87. 

Wheatfield (Whitefield), 25, 88. 

Whitboume (Whitteboume), 107-8,113. 

Whitchurch, 158. 

Wigan, 10, 26, 86, 149, 221. 

Winning HiU, 174. 

Winster, 67. 

Withens, The, 25. 

Withington (Withinton, Wythington, 
&c.), 1-4, 7-10, 14, 16, 21, 28, 25, 28, 
70, 88, 85-6, 88-9, 122, 124, 128-9, 138, 
141, 144, 167, 171, 179-82, 189. 192-4, 
198, 200, 202-6, 220-1, 228-5, 227, 
229-80, 232-8, 285-6. 

Wode-ende, 76. 

Wodesley, 76. 

Woldhouse, 88. 

Wolstanton, 122. 

Wolstenholme, 88. 

Wood Field, 87. 

Knowle, 79. 

Worcester, 10, 40, 94, 109, 111. 

Worral MiUington, 116, 118. 

Worsley, 25, 50. 

Wrenbuiy, 89. 

Wyddine, 2. 

Wydenton, 189. 

Wynnerhey, 72, 280. 

Yarmouth, 52. 
Yieldhouse, fee Healdhouse. 

Chakles SIMMS & Co., Printers, 53, King Street, Manchester. 

Digitized by 



Page 7, line 24s ^WOliun the Honford read William de HonforcL 
„ 4A, line 24^ for ef read of. 
„ 49, last line (note), for of Flatt read at Piatt 

„ 66, Wonley pedigree^ ybr dan. of Hudson read dan. of. Hudson. 

„ 72, line 16, /or 16tli of April read 12th of April. 

„ 89, line SO, /or a like payment read by a lilce payment. 


Pedigree of Wonley of Piatt io face page 67 

„ Biroh of Birch „ 102 

„ Birch of Ardwiok „ 120 

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COUNCIL FOR 1858-59. 

JAMES CROSSLET, ESQ., F.S.A., President. 

REY. F. R. RAINES, M.A., F.S.A., HOM. Canom of Mancdester, 


THE YERT REV. GEORGE HULL BOWERS, D.D., Dean of Manchester. 

DisNET Professor of Classical Antiquities, Cambridge. 
ARTHUR H. HEYWOOD, Trbasurer. 
WILLIAM LANGTON, Hon. Secretary. 

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(published XS OB ABOrr the BEIOIT OV JAIIES n.) 













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The Library founded by Humphbey Ghethah, as part of 
his noble Educational Charity, contains a more than ordi- 
narily complete Collection of the Tracts published on both 
sides in the Roman Catholic Controversy which was waged 
with so much learning, ability, and argumentative skill in 
the latter part of the reign of Charles the Second^ ^nd 
throughout the whole of that of his successor. 

As it appeared desirable that a specimen of the contents 
of this Library should be afforded by a detailed account of 
some portion of it» which might be easily separable from 
the remainder, in the series of publications which bear the 
honoured name of its founder, it was conceived that a Cata< 
logue of these Tracts, taking Peck's^ elaborate and valuable 

^ *^A complete Catalogue of all the Discourses written, both for and 
against Popery^ in the Time of King James II. Containmg in the 
Whole, An Account of Four hundred and Fifty seyen Books and Pam- 
phlets, a great Number of them not mentioned in the three former Catalogues. 
With References after each Title, for the more speedy finding of a further 
Account of the said Discourses, and of their Authors, in sundry Writers : 
And An Alphabetical List of the Writers on each Side. A Tract very 
necessary for these Times, and for all those who are desirous to complete 
ibeir Sets of those Pieces, or would sort them to the best Advantage. 
Drawn up in a new Method, By Francis Fecky M.A. Rector of Godeby^ 
near MelUm in LekesterMre. AiA Aixr^fiUtf; km Ewfn^fila^. 2 Cor. 
Ti. 8. London : Prmted and Sold at St. Johns Gate ; by A. Dodd, without 

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List as its groundwork, and giving therefore a complete 
bibliographical view of the Controversy, would not be unac- 
ceptable to the Members of the Chetham Societt, more 
especially as the List referred to has never been reprinted, 
and has now become exceedingly scarce. That a reprint of 
it was not subjoined to the late republication of Bishop 
Gibson's Preservative by the Reformation Society appears 
an unaccountable omission. 

The plan adopted in the present work has been to give 
the Tract of Peck entire, incorporating with it whatever 
additions, which it will be seen at once are not slight or 
inconsiderable, the Editor was able to collect from the 
sources which have been open to him, and relieving the 
dryness of a mere catalogue of books by historical and 
bibliographical notes and references. It will be observed 
that all the Tracts and Books not numbered are additions 
to Peck's original List. The marginal letters C^ iL indicate 
the Chetham Library, B. M. the British Museum, B. L. the 
Bodleian Library, T. C. D. Trinity College, Dublin, M. L. 
Archbishop Marsh's, Dublin, and S. C. Sion College 
Library, as the depositories in which the books thus marked 
are respectively to be found. 

It is rather remarkable that scarce as Peck's Tract 
undoubtedly is, the Chetham Library possesses three copies 
of it, in which extensive MS. additions have been made, 

TempU Bar; J. Stag and J. Fox, in Westminiter-IfaU; E. Nutt and Mrs. 
Cook, at the JRayal Exchange, 1735. Price 23." 4to pp. 62; title, 
preface and contents, pp. 8. For an account of Francis Peck and his 
writings, see Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, vol. i. p. 507, et seqq. 

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partly by the Rev. John Clayton,* M.A., Fellow of the 
Collegiate Church, Manchester, and partly by another 
annotator less known, who subscribes himself E. Syddal 
(vid. p. 11), and was probably the Edward Syddal or Siddal 
of Fallowfield,' who appears in the Pedigree of the Siddal 
family as of Slade Hall in the Parish of Manchester. These 
MS. additions encouraged the Editor in his endeavours to 
make the List of Controversial Tracts as nearly complete 
Bs possible. Similar additions have been supplied from an 
interleaved copy of Peck, kindly placed at his service by 
the Rev. John Taylor Allen, M.A., Ex-Librarian of the 
Chetham Library, which formerly belonged to Bishop White 
Kennett, and furnishes fresh proofs of the patient and labo- 
rious industry of that indefatigable writer. 

But the most useful assistance which the Editor has 
derived from any source, and to which the present work 
must owe its principal value and main recommendation, is 
from the liberality and learned and careful research of the 
eminent theological scholar, James Henthorn Todd, D.D., 
of Trinity College, Dublin. Dr. Todd had made large col- 
lections for a second edition of Peck with a view to their 
being printed at the Clarendon Press, Oxford, and had pro- 
ceeded as far as chap, xviii. No. 220, when, on learning 
that a similar publication was in progress in the Chetham 
Series, he most kindly placed his MS. materials in the hands 
of the present Editor, in order to be made available for the 

' For an account of this able and leanied man see Byroffii Bemains^ 
Yol. i. part ii. p. 509. 
' See Bookers Ckapeky of Birch^ Chetham Series, p. 136. 

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work now in the reader's hands. Those who refer to the 
notes and additions to which the initials J. H. T. are sub- 
joined will haye no difficulty in estimating the extent of the 
obligation under which Dr. Todd has placed the Mem- 
bers of the Chetham Society and all who take an interest 
in the publication to which he has afforded so rich a 

The Editor has much pleasure in availing himself of this 
opportunity of acknowledging also his obligations to the 
Rev. John I. Dredge**; to Robert Travers, Esq., M.A., 
M.B. of Trinity College, Dublin, who on this as on other 
occasions has been his &ithful guide and counsellor; and 
especially to James Crossley, Esq., F.S.A., President of the 
Chetham Society, by whose valuable counsels and sugges- 
tions the volume has been greatly benefited. He has to 
lam^ that to one zealous co-operator all expression of 
gratitude is now vain ; the effective aid of the Rev. Robert 
Ryland Mendham, B.A., of Sutton Coldfield, having been 
lost to him by death shortly after this volume was com- 

In such a multitudinous series of titles it is almost impos- 
sible to avoid occasional inaccuracies, and any corrections 
therefore which the Editor may receive he will gladly insert 
and most thankfully acknowledge in the concluding part of 

this Catalogue. 

T. J. 

* As a proof of the rarity of Peck's GaUdo^ue^ it may be mentioned that 
ibis gentleman (who possesses a large collection of the Tracts) has for jears 
sought in vain for a copy of Peck. 

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There being three Catalogues of this sort by three very 
eminent persons abeady printed,^ the reader wul be perhaps 
surprised at my here offering him sl fourth. 

But 1. The two first Catalogues were printed while the 
controversy was yet on foot. This appears from their yery 
titles. The present state of the controversy. And» A eofUt'^ 
nuation of the present state of the controversy. And, for this 
reason, neither of those two could be complete. 

2. The third Catalogue (tho' it came not out 'till 1689) 
mentions only the writers against popery ; and not all those 
neither by a great many. For which reason, and as it is in 
a manner perfectly silent as to the writers for popery, it 
may be said to be, tho' not so defective as the two former 
Catalogues in the one respect, yet much more so in the 

3. The titles of the several discourses written by the 
Romanists are (so many of them as are mentioned in the 
two first Catalogues) so contracted and abridged, that 

1 Viz. The Present State of the Controvereie between the Church of 
England and the Church of Borne ; Or, An Account of the Books written 
on both sides. In a Letter to a Friend. [By William Claget, D.D.] Im- 
primatur Quil. Needham. May 7, 1686. pp. 36, 4to Lend. 1687. 

A Continuation of the Present Controyersy between the Church of 
England and the Church of Rome. Being a full Account of the Books that 
haye been of late written on both sides. [By William Wake.] pp. 76, 
Epistle, Dedic, &c., pp. 12, 4to Lond. 1688. 

The Catalogue of all the Discourses published against Popery during the 
Reign of King James II. By the Members of the Church of England, and 
by the Non-conformists. With the names of the Authors of them. By 
Edward Gee, M.A. pp. 34, 4to Lond. 1689. 

None of these Tracts are reprinted in Gibson s Fretervative, — Ed. 

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(whatever any other person may 9o) I must frankly own, I 
often could not so well understand their account of the dis- 
courses written against popery, for want of a better account 
of the discourses written ^/br popery. 

And, for all these reasons, I could not forbear frequently 
wishing for a more complete account of the several writers 
and discourses on both sides ; and, as no abler hand appeared 
to go about it, have at length attempted to do it myself. 
And this I have done, 

1. By giving the title of each book pro and can (when I 
had it by me) at large. Or (where I had it not) as full as I 
could gather it from the former Catalogues or any other 
books which my little study afforded. 

2. By inserting proper references after the title of each 
tract, which will carry the reader (if he pleases) to the 
places where he will meet with many curious remarks in 
the former Catalogues and in some other books, relating to 
these discourses and their several authors : Particularly to 
all those in the second edition of Mr. WoodTs Athena 
Osonienses. Which volumes (coming not out 'till 1721) 
I have diligently read over, almost with this one view. 

3. By exhibiting, in the close, an alphabetical List of the 
Writers on both sides; with farther references after each 
name : Whereby may be presently seen what discourses of 
this sort each person there mentioned hath wrote. 

The collecting of all these additions, the reader may well 
think, have cost me a great deal of pains. But they have 
also afforded me a great deal of knowledge and pleasure. 
And, if they are of the same advantage to others who have 
occasion to look into these matters (as I think they will) I 
shall have still the more satisfaction. 

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Chap. I. Of certain discourses published before the end of 
the reign of K. Charles II 1 

[Coles, page 1 ; Shaw, 2 ; Lloyd, 3 ; Williams, 9 ; Claget, 10 ; 
Stanley, 11; Cave, 11; Owen, 11.] 

Chap. II. Of the Royal Papers (viz. two of K. Charles IT. 
and one of the Duchess of York's) and of the discourses 

written about them 13 

[Hudleaton, Id; Duchess of York, 14; Stillingfleet, 15, 16; 
Dryden, 16; Parker, 17; Morley, 18; Charles H., 13, 18; 
Burnet, 19; Grascome, 19; Jenkins, 20.] 

Chap. III. Of the discourses written upon the design of 

abrogating the penal laws and test 21 

[Parker, 21; Goodwin, 21; Wake, 21; Burnet, 24, ^5^ %^; 
Care, 25, 68 ; Phillips, 29 ; Walsingham, 42 ; Penn, 64, 67, 
68; Clarendon (Hyde), 66; Lloyd, 66; James, QQ^ Johnson, 
66; L'Estrange, 68; Milton, 68; Denton, 68; Cawley, 69; 
Whithy, 69; Ayres, 71; Blackerhy, 72; Locke, 72.] 

Chap. IY. Of the discourses written on occasion of the 

King's most gracious letters of indulgence 74 

[Halifax (Savile), 74, 85 ; Care, 76 ; L'Estrange, 76 ; Darell, 
77 ; Burnet, 80, 81, 82, 92 ; Clifford, 82 ; Ferguson, 82 ; Pagel, 
83, 84; Stewart, 84; Herbert, 87; Johnston, 87; Atkyns, 88; 
Bp. of Rochester (Sprat), 89, 97; Nye, 89; Langhom, 90; 
Wilson, 90 ; Anglesea (Annesley), 90 ; Payne, 92 ; Nicholets, 
92 ; Sherlock, 95 ; Ayres, 96 ; Stillingfleet, 97 ; Bp. of Here- 
ford (Croft), 97; Manhy, 99.] 

Chap. Y. Of the discourses written in the representing 

controversy 102 

[Gother, 102; Stillingfleet, 104; Sherlock, 104, 106; Seller, 


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105; Claget, 106, 110; Williams, 107, 110; Patrick, 108; 
Tajlor, 108, 109, 111; Stratford, 110.] 

Chap. VI. Of the discourses written in the expounding 

controversy 112 

[Bossuet, 112, 114, 115; Johnston, 112, 115, 116; Wake, 
113, 115, 117; John Gilbert, 114; Claget, 116; Walker, 117; 
Buckley, 118; Dodwell, 118; Jnrieu^ 119; Claudius Gilbert, 
119: De Brueys, 120; Burnet, 120; Camus, 120; Claude, 
123; Le Jay, 123; G^utier, 123; Benoit, 124; Freschot, 124; 
Bray, 124; Jones, 124; Laval, 125.] 

Chap. YII. Of the discourses written on occasion of Mr. 
Thomas Godden's conference with Dr. Edward Stilling- 
fleet. Dean of S. Paul's 126 

[Stillingfleet, 126, 128, 129, 131, 133, 134; Sargeant, 127, 
129, 130, 134; Ellis, 127, 128; Williams, 132; Dillingham, 

Chap. YIII. Of the discourses written on occasion of the 
conference between Father Andrew Pulton and Dr. 

Thomas Tennison 136 

[Pulton, 136, 137, 138, 140; Tenison, 187, 138; Mereditb, 
137; Cressener, 137; Harrington, 140.] 

Chap. IX. The sequel of the conference between father An- 
drew Pulton and Dr. Thomas Tennison ; or, an account 
of the Speculum ecclesiasticum, and of the discourses 

written thereupon 141 

[Ward, 141, 145 ; La Placette, 141, 142 ; Tenison, 141, 144 ; 
Wharton, 142, 143.] 

Chap. X. Of the discourses written in the dispute between 
Dr. William Sherlock and Father Lewis Sabran, about 

the doctor' B Preservative against popery 146 

[Sherlock, 146, 147; Sabran, 146, 147; Giles, 146.] 

Chax. XI. Of the discourses written about the conversions 
of several persons to the church of Bome^ with their 

motives; and the churchmen's replies 148 

[Tillotson, 148; Bassett, 148; Bambridge or Bainbrigg, 149; 

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Manby,150; King, 151; Sclater, 152; Gee, 153; Gother,154; 
Boyse, 155; Salgado, 155; Barnet, 156, 158; Patrick, 156 
Musgrave, 156; Carolan, 156; Briber, 157; Creasy, 157 
Bacon, 159.] 

Chap. XII. Of the discourses written by the country parson 

and the Romish missionary 160 

[Ashton, 160, 161, 162; Comber, 163, 164.] 

Chap. XIII. Of the popish discourses written by way of 
advice to the protestant pulpits ; with the churchmen^s 

replies 165 

[Gotheror Leyboarn, 165, 166; Williams, 165, 166; Sher- 
lock, 166.] 

Chap. XIY. Of the Romanist's charge of schism and heresy 
upon the church of England; with the churchmen's 

replies 168 

[Altbam, 168; Williams, 168; Sherlock, 169; Hickes, 169; 
Saywell, 171; Steward, 172; Burnet, 174; Sergeant, 176; 
Sail, 176.] 

Chap. XY. Of the Romanises charge of an agreement of 
the church of England with the church of Rome. With 
the churchmen's replies 179 

[Sherlock, 180; Williams, 180; Lloyd, 181 ; Du Moulin, 181.] 

Chap. XVI. Of the discourses written by the Romanists 
reflecting upon the reformation of the church of Eng- 
land. With the churchmen's replies 182 

[Heylin, 182; Claget, 183, 192, 200; Woodhead, 187, 196; 
Hutchinson, 192; Smalridge, 193; Atterbury, 196; Deane, 
198; Burnet, 199; Ward, 200; Schelstrate, 201; Stillingfleet, 
202 ; Stratford, 203, 204 ; Hascard, 204 ; Davis and Coke, 205 ; 
Twysden, 205 ; Fnlwood, 205 ; Tillotson, 205 ; Sanderson, 205.] 

Chap. XVII. Of the discourses written by the Romanists 
reflecting upon the validity of the orders of the church 

of England. With the churchmen's replies 206 

[Burnet, 207 ; Browne, 207 ; Milburne, 208 ; Seller, 208 ; 

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Whitfield, 209; Prideaux, 211; Marsden, 211; Cbamp or 
Champney, 212; Talbot, 212; Lewgar, 213; Fuller, 214; 
Ward, 214; Constable, 215; Earberj^ 216; Williams, 216; 
Brown, 217.] 

Chap. XVIII. Of the discourses written of the unity, 

authority, and infallibility of the church 218 

[Woodhead, 218-221, 234; Tenison, 224; Hooper, 224; 
Sherlock, 225, 240; Patrick, 226, 236; Williams, 226; Free- 


The word StcUe^ refers to the present State of the controversy. By 
William Claget, D.D. See No. 71. 

The word Contin.^ refers to a continuation of the present etate^ of the 
controversy. By William Wake, D.D. See No. 438. 

The word Cat, refers to the catalogue of all the discourses, published 
against Popery in the reign of K. James II. By Edward Gee, M.A. See 
No. 438. 

The words Ath, and Fasti refer to the pages of the I. and II. volumes 
of the Athenas and Fasti Oxonienses^ 2d edition. 

This mark ^ is set before all the popish pieces. 

This mark * is set against all such of the pieces pro and con,y as I have 
by me, in my private collection. — F. P. [This mark has not been retained, 
as no opportunity of access now remains to Peck's Collection. 

The references to Dr. Todd's notes to Gibsons Preservative are to 
the folio edition in three volumes, and in the Editors notes vd, designates 
the reprint in quarto, And /olio the original edition. — Ed.] 

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For and Against Popery, in the time of K. James II. 


Of certain Discourses published before the End of the Reign 
ofK. Charles XL 

[HEOPHILUS and Philodoxus, or several con- 
ferences between two friends^ the one a true son 
of the Church of England, the other fallen off to 
the Church of Borne. Concerning, 1. Prayer in 
an unknown Tongue. 2. Half Communion. 3. 
Worship of Images. 4. Invocation of Saints, By Gilbert 
Coles, D.D. Fellow of Winchester Coll. Oxon. 

pp. 221, 4to Loud. 1674 
See Wood's Aih, Ox. vol. ii. col. 560. {Edit. Bliss, vol iii. col. 
10670 Repablished, 4to, 1679, under the title of << A Dialogue be- 
tween a Protestant and a Papist concerning," &c., with the former as 
a second title-page. Coles died in 1676. ^^Wood saith, that he 
became Fellow of the College near Winchester, but soon after was 
ejected by the Visitors appointed by the Parliament ; which I know 


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not what to make of: because I do not apprehend how the Visitors 
power reach'd that College : and I have been informed that none of 
the Fellows there were tamed oat .... However that be, 'tis certain 
this Mr. Coles was depriv'd of a Fellowship either in this College [New 
College] or that near Winchester for some time ; and so was in part a 
Sofferer: but he was so much belov'd by the Society that they re- 
elected him.* — Walkers Account of the Numbers and Sufferings of 
the Clergy^ part ii. p. 129. 

©• %* 2. Origo Protestantium ; or an answer to a Popish MS. of N. N. 
that [which answer] would fain make the Protestant catholick 
religion bear date at the very time when the Roman popish 
commenced in the world. Wherein Protestancy is demon- 
strated to be elder than Popery. To which is added a Jesuit's 
Letter ; with the Answer. By John Shaw, Eector of Whal- 
ton in Northumberland, and preacher at St. John's in New- 
castle, pp. 133, 4to Lond, 1677 
Ath, Ox. vol. ii. col. 832. {Edit, Bliss, vol. iv. col. 256.) N. N. intro- 
duces the subject of the Nag's Head Ordination. Amongst the principal 
works on the validity of the English Ordinations, are Mason, De Minis- 
terio Angl., fol. 1625, the same work translated \j John Ljmdsay, 
fol. 1728 ; the works of Bramhall, fol. Dubl. 1677, Oxf. 1842-45, and 
Burnet on English Ordinations, 1 677 ; and especially M. Courayer s 
Dissertation sur la Validite des Ordin. Angl. ; Defence de la Disser- 
tation, and Supplement, Brux. 1723, translated by Dan. Williams, 
1727-28, and of which there is an analysis in The Present State of the 
BepuMic of Letters^ 1728 ; Bp. Elrington s Validity of English Ordina- 
tions, 1809. Browne's Concio ad Clerum, 4to, Cantab. 1628, contains 
from the original MS. in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, the Instru- 
ment, — " Rituum atq. ceremoniarum ordo in consecrando Reverend- 
issimo in Christo patre Mattheo Parker Cantuarensi Archiepo in Sacello 
Buo, apud Maneriii suum de Lambeth, die DnTco 17** viz. die mensis 
Decembris Anno Doni 1559, habit." This, with other documents, is 
also given by Bramhall from the Registry of the See of Canterbury. 
See Collier s Ecclesiastical History of Great Britain, vol. ii. p. 460. 
In reference to the Reformed Churches may be mentioned the follow- 
ing treatises : — Certain Briefe Treatises written by diverse Learned 
Men, concerning the ancient and moderne government of the Church. 

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(By Richard Hooker, Lancelot Andre wes, Martin Bucer, John Rain- 
oldes, James Archbishop of Armagh, and Edward Brerewood.) 
Wherein, both the Primitiye Institution of Episcopacie is maintained, 
and the Lawfulnesse of the Ordination of the Protestant Ministers 
beyond the Seas likewise defended. By John Dnree and Francis 
Mason. 4to Lond. 1641. See also chap. xyii. 

8. A calm answer to a violent discourse of N. N. a seminary priest 
for the invocation of saints^ with a reflection upon the covetous* 
ness and imposture of the popish clergy. 4to 1677 

The same ? N. N. Translated out of French " The Proceedings of ©, J^ 
the General Assembly of the Clergie of France Assembled in ihe year 
1682 at Paris, and in the year 1685 at S. Germains in Laye, concern- 
ing Religion. Lille, 1686." Among the articles of the Doctrine of the 
Church here defended is that of the Invocation of Saints, of Relicks, 
and of Images. This writer exemplifies the remark made by Macaulay 
that the style of the Roman Catholic divines of the period was dis- 
figured with foreign idioms, " The edict of the King which defends 
[prohibits] the Ministers of all others of the P[retended] R[efonned] 
R[eligion] to Preach or compose books," &c. 

4. Considerations touching the true way to suppress Popery in ©^ %^ 
this Kingdom^ by making a distinction between men of loyal 
and disloyal principles in that communion. On occasion 
whereof is inserted an historical account of the Reformation 
in England. [By William Lloyd.] pp. 164, 4to Lond. 1677 

The publishing of this book made a great noise. — Peek. Ath. 
Ox. vol. ii. col. 1090. {Edit Bliss, vol. iv. cols. 714, 889.) Bishop 
Lloyd, bom in 1627, died 1717. See also Biographia Britannica, 
Williams's Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Welshmen. 

No chapter having been apportioned to Allegiance, I shall here 
give a list of sach Tracts, published at this period, as are not found in 
Watt's Bibliotheca Britannica, s. v. Allegiance and Oath of Allegiance, 
that legal tie by which subjects are bound to their Sovereign. 

The Protestant Beligion is a snre Foundation and Principle of a true 0« |L* 

Christian, and a good Subject, a great Friend to Humane Society ; and 

a grand Promoter of all Virtues, both Christian and Moral. By 

Charles Stanley, Earl of Derby. The second edition. 4to Lond. 1671. 

" This piece contains a dedication * To all Supreme Powers, by what titles 

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soerer dignified or distinguished, f.0. to Emperors, Kings, SoToreign IPrinoes, 
Bepublics, &c.:' an Epistle to the Reader ; another longer in the second edition ; 
and the Work itself, which is a Dialogue between Orthodox, a royalist, and 
Cecodsmon, one popishly affected. His lordship is warm against the church 
of Rome, their casuists and the Jesuits, and seems well read in the fathers and 
in polemic divinitj, from both of which his style has adopted much acrimony. 
He died in 1672. His father was the braye James, Earl of Derby ; his mother, 
the heroine who defended Latham House, grand-daughter of the great Prinoe 
of Orange ; — a compound of Protestant heroism that evaporated in contro- 
yeny." — Walpole's Moyal and Noble Authors, yoL u» 

The Qreat Loyalty of the Papists to Charles I. 4to Lond. 1673 

Popery absolutely destructiye to Monarchy. 18mo Lond. 1673 

^ OS The Papal Tjnxmj as it was exercised oyer England for some ages repre- 

^* •*• sented by Peter Du Moulin. 4to Lond. 1674 

The Controyersial Letters, or the Ghrand Controyersie concerning the Pope's 

Temporal Authority between two English Gentlemen ; the one of the 

Church of England, the other of Rome. By [Peter Walsh.] 

4to Lond. 1673-76 
A Letter to the Catholics of England, &c. &c. &c. By Father Peter Walsh. 

8yo Lond. 1674 
History and Vindication of the Lrish Remonstrance, &c. By Peter Walsh. 

1661. Reprinted, tol Lond. 1674 

England's Independency upon the Papal Power historicaUy and judicially 

stated, out of the Reports of Sir John Dayis and Sir Edw. Coke. By 

Sir John Pettus. 4 to Lond. 1674 

Some Considerations of Present Concernment ; how far Romanists may be 

trusted by Princes of another Persuasion. By Henry Dodwell. 

8yo Lond. 1676 
A Reply to a Person of Honour, his pretended Answer to the Vindication 
of the Protestant Religion in the point of Obedience to Sovereigns, and 
to the Book of Papal Tmnnj. By Peter Du Moulin. 4to Lond. 1676 
f^^ ^f^ A Seasonable Question, and an Useful Answer ; contained in an Exchange 

of a Letter between a Parliament Man in Cornwall and a Bencher of 
the Temple, London. By Andrew Marvell. Lond. 1676 

The Jesuits' Loyalty, in Three Tracts, written by them against the Oath of 
Allegiance, with the Jleasons of Penal Laws. 4to Lond. 1677 

Answer to Three Treatises published under the title of "The Jesuits' 
Loyalty." By Peter Walsh. 4to Lond. 1678 

" Peter Walsh was the honestest and leamedest man I ever knew among 
them. He was of Irish extraction, and of the Franciscan* order : and was in- 
deed in all points of controversy almost wholly protestant : but he had senses 
of his own, by which he excused his adhering to the church of Rome : and 
he maintained, that with these he could continue in the communion of that 
church without sin : and he said that he was sure he did some good staying 
still on that side, but that he could do none at all if he should come over. He 
thought, no man ought to forsake that religion in which he was bom and bred, 
unless he was clearly convinced that he must certainly be damned if he con- 
tinued in it. He was an honest and able man, much practised in intrigues, 
and knew well the methods of the Jesuits, and other missionaries." — Burnet's 
Oum THmeSi vol. i. p. 195. An account of his life is given l^ Sir James Ware ; 
and from him, by Chalmers, in his G-eneral Biographical Dictionary, and by 
Charles Butler, in his Historical Memoirs respecting the English, Irish and 
Scottish Catholics, 1819, vol. ii. p. 491. 

The Catholic Cause, or the horrid Practice of Murdering Kings justified 
and commended by the Pope in a Speech to hh Cardinals upon the 

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barbarouB AsBaBsination of Henry in. of France, who was stabbed by 
Jaques Clement, a Dominican Fryar. 4to Lond. 1678 

Reprinted in the seyenth yolume of the Harleian Miscellany. See Fonlis's 
History of Popish Treasons and TJsorpations, pp. 646-61. 

The Ghrand Design of the Papists in the reign of our late Sovereign Charles 
I., and now earned on against his Present Majesty, his Goyemment, 
and the Protestant Religion. 4to Lond. 1678 

Reprinted in the eighth volume of the Harleian Miscellany. 

Popery and Tyranny lording it over the Consciences, Lives, Liberties and 
Estates both or King and People. [By Sur Roger L'Estrange.] 

4to Lond. 1678 

The Common Interest of King and People ; shewing the original antiquity 
and excellency of Monarchy compared with Aristocracy and Democracy, 
and particularly of our English Monarchy ; and ibat absolute Papal and 
Presbyterian Popular Supremacy are utterly inconsistent with Prero- 
gative, Property and Liberty. By John Nalson. 8vo Lond. 1678 

A Vindication of the Sincerity of the Protestant Religion in the point of 
Obedience to Sovereigns. Opposed to the doctrine of Rebellion au- 
thorised and practised by the Pope and the Jesuits. In answer to a 
Jesuitical Libel, entitled, Philonax Anglicus. By Peter Du Moulin. 
The Fourth Edition, in which more light is giyen about the Horrible 
Popish Plot, whereby our late Sacred Sovereign Charles I. was mur- 
dered. 4to Lond. 1679 

A Letter from a Jesuit in Paris to his Correspondent in London. Shewing 
the most effectual way to ruin the G-oyemment and Protestant Re- 
ligion. 4to Lond. 1679 

Truth and Honesty in Plain English. Or a Brief Survey of those Libels and 
Pamphlets printed and published since the Dissolution of the last Par- 
liament. Together with a Letter to the Reverend and Worthy Pastors 
of the Separate Congregations. By a True Loyer of Monarchy and the 
Anglican Church. 4to Lond. 1679 

An Appeal from the Country to the City for the Preservation of his Ma- 
jesties Person, Liberty, Property, and the Protestant Religion. 

4to Lond. 1679 

An Exact Account of Romish Doctrine in the case of Conspiracy and Re- 
bellion, by pregnant Observations collected out of the express Dog- 
matical Principles of Popish Priests and Jesuites. 4to Lond. 1679 

An Account of the Growth of Popery, and Arbitrary Government in England j ^, J,* 
more particularly from the long Prorogation of Parliament of Nov. 1675, 
ending the 15th Feb. 1676, till the last Meeting of Parliament, the 16th 
of July, 1677. By Andrew MarveU. Fol. Lond. 1678 

Reprinted in " State Tracts" in 1689. 

Second Part of the Growth of Popery unto 1682. By Andrew Marvell. 

4to Cologne 1682 
This second part is not generally known. 

Popery, or the Principles and Positions approyed by the Church of Rome ^ ar 
(when really believed and practised), are very dangerous to all, and 
to Protestant Kings and Supreme Powers more especially pernicious 
and inconsistent with that Loyalty which (by the Law of Nature and 
Scripture) is indispensably due to Supreme Powers. By Thomas 
Barlow, Bishop of Lincoln. 4to Lond. 1679 

Brutum Fulmen, or the Bull of Pius Y. against Q. Elizabeth, with Obser- ^ ^^ 
vations and Animadversions. By the Same. 4to Lond. 1681 

The King- Killing Doctrine of the Jesuits, translated from the French. By 
Peter Bellon. dto Lond. 1679 

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The Jesuits* Catechism according to St. Ignatius Loyola for the Instructing 
and Strengthening of all those which are weake in that Faith. Wherein 
the Impiety of their Principles, Pemitiousuess of their Doctrines, and 
Iniquity of their Practises are declared. 4to Lond. 1679 

The Jesuits Unmasked ; or Politick Ohservations upon the Ambitious Pre- 
tensions and Subtle Intreagues of that Cunning Society. Presented to 
all High Powers as a Seasonable Discourse at this Time. 

4to Lond. 1679 

JT^ 9t Christian Loyalty ; or a Discourse, wherein is asserted that just Boyal 

Authority and Eminenoy, which in this Church and Realm of England, 

is yielded to the King. Especially concerning Supremacy in Causes 

Ecclesiastical. Together with the Disclaiming eOl Foreign Jurisdiction ; 

and the Unlawfuhiess of Subjects Taking Armes against the King. By 

William Falkner. 8to Lond. 1679 

An Exact Discoyery of the Mystery of Iniquity as it is now in practice 

among the Jesuits and other their Emissaries. With a particular 

Account of their Anti-christian and Deyillish Policy. 4to 1679 

The Case put concerning the Succession of the D. of York. With some 

Obseryations upon the Political Catechism, the Appeal, &c., and Three 

or Four other Libels. 2nd edit, enlarged. [By Sir Roger L'Estrange.] 

Lond. 1679 
Seasonable Adyice to all true Protestants in England in this present Posture 
of Affairs. Discerning the present Designs of the Papists, with other 
remarkable Things, tending to the Peace of the Church, and the Security 
of the Protestant Religion. By a Sincere Loyer of his King and 
Country. 4to Lond. 1679 

A Seasonable Memorial in some Historical Notes upon the Liberties of the 
Press and Pulpit, with the Effects of Popular Petitions, Tumults, 
Associations, Impostures, and disaffected Common Councils. To all 
good Subjects and true Protestants. [By Sir Roger L'Estrange, partly 
in fayour of the succession of the Duke of York.] 4to Lond. 1680 

Roman Catholic Principles in reference to God and the King. 1680 ? Re- 
printed in 1684 and 1686 
This tract will be found in Butler's Liyes of the Catholics, 1819, yol. ii. 
p. 343, and in the ninth yolume of the Somers Tracts, p. 59. A new edition, 
by the Rey. John Kirk, was published in 1815, 8yo. Prefixed is an elaborate 
inquiry respecting the preyious editions and the author. 

Three Great Questions concerning the Succession, and the Danger of Popery. 
Fully examined in a Letter to a Member of the Present Parliament. 

The True Protestant Subject, or the Nature and Rights of Soyereignty 
discussed and stated. Addressed to the Good People of England. 

4to Lond. 1680 
A Seasonable Address to both Houses of Parliament concerning the Suc- 
cession, the Fears of Popery, and Arbitrary Goyernment. By GFeorge 
Sayile, Marq. of Halifax. 4to 1681 

In the Somers Tracts. 
A Conference about the next Succession to the Crown of England. By R. 
Doleman. B^printed, 1681 

The Case of Protestants in England under a Popish Prince, if any shall 
happen to wear the Imperial Crown. 4to 1681 

Loyalty asserted, in Vindication of the Oath of Allegiance. 8yo 1681 

Jus Ceesaris et Ecclesio; yere dictee (Anglice). By William Denton. Folio, 

Lond. 1681 
To which he added, nn Apology for the Liberty of the Press. 

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A Dialogue between the Pope and a Phanatic conoeming A£^s in England. 
By a Hearty Lover of his Prince and Country. 4to Lond. 1681 

Ursa Major et Minor, shewing that there is no such Fear as is faotiously 
pretended of Popery and Arbitrary Power. Lond. 1681 

No Protestant Plot, or the present pretended Conspiracy of Protestants 
against the King and Goremment discoyered to be a Conspiracy of the 
Papists against the King and his Protestant Subjects. (By Antony 
Ashley Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury.) 4to Lond. 1681 

A Letter to a Friend containing certain Observations upon some Passages 
which have been published in a late Libel, intituled. The Third Part of 
No Protestant Plot ; and which do relate to the Kingdom of Ireland. 

4to Lond. 1682 

Last Efforts of Afflicted Innocence ; being an Account of the Persecution of 
the Protestants of France, and a Vindication of the Reformed Religion 
from the Aspersions of Disloyalty and Rebellion charged on it by the 
Papists, translated from the French by W. Yaughan. 1682 

The Loyalty of Popish Principles examined in answer to a late Book entitled 
" Stafford's Memoirs." By Robert Hancock. 4to Lond. 1682 

The Power Communicated by God to the Prince, and the obedience required 
of the Subject, &c. By the most Reverend Father in God, James, late 
Lord Archbishop of .^magh and Primate of all Ireland. Faithfully 
published out of the oriffinal copy, by Robert Saunderson, L. Bishop of 
Lincoln, with his Lord^p's Preface thereunto. 8vo Lond. 1683 

The Judgment of an Anonymous Writer concerning these following parti- 
culars : 1. A Law for Disabling a Papist to Inherit the Crown, &o. &c. 
The second edition. 4to Lond. 1684 

This was first published in 1674 under a different title : see Siogra^Ma 
Britanmca^ SuppL, p. 96, «. D. Dr. Geo. Hickes was the writer. 

The Royal Apology, or Answer to the Rebel's Plea, wherein the anti- ^ ar 
monarchical Tenents, first published by Doleman the Jesuit, to promote 
a Bill of Exclusion against King James. Secondly, practised by Brad- 
shaw and the Regicides in the actual Murder of King Charles the 1st. 
Thirdly, republished by Sidney and the Associators to Depose and 
Murder his Present Majesty, are distinctly considered. With a Parallel 
between Doleman, Bradshaw, Sidney, and other of the True Protestant 
Party. 4to Lond. 1684 

Watt ascribes this work to Sir R. L'Estrange as well as to Assheton. 

Jus Regium : or. The just and solid Foundations of Monarchy in general : 
and more especially of the Monarchy of Scotland : maintain'd against 
Buchannan, Naphtali, Dolman, Milton, &c. By Sir George Mackenzie. 

12mo Lond. 1684 
In the same volume. That the Lawful Successor can not be debarred from 
Succeeding to the Crown, &c. 

The Case of Resistance of the Supreme Powers stated and resolved accord- 
ing to the doctrine of the Holy Scriptures. By William Sherlock. 8vo 

Lond. 1684 

Religion and Loyalty ; or a demonstration of the power of the Christian 
Church within itself, the supremacy ^f sovereign power over it, the 
duty of passive obedience or non-resistance to it, exemplified out of the 
Records of the Church and the Empire, from the beginning of Christi- 
anity to the end of the reign of Julian. By Sam. Parker, D.D., Bishop 
of Oxford. 8vo Lond. 1684 

Religion and Loyalty, the second part ; or the history of the concurrence of 
the imperial and ecclesiastical jurisdiction in the government of the 

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Church, from the beginniDg of the reign of Jorian to the end of the 
reign of Justinian. 8to Loud. 1685 

The Apostate Protestant. A Letter to a Friend, occasioned by the late 
reprinting of a Jesuit's Book about Succession to the Crown of Eng- 
land, pretended to hare been written bj B. Doleman. B j Edw. Felling. 

4to Loud. 1665 

The first edition was published in 1682. Ascribed by Watt to Sir B. 

L*Estrange also. On B. Doleman's, i,e, B. Parson's Conference about the next 

Succession to the Crown of England, see Brady's Introduction to the Old 

English History (foL Lend. 1684), pp. 339-412. 

Bemarks upon the reflections of tne Author of Popery misrepresented, &o. 

on his Answerer ; particularly as to the deposing Doctrine, &o. &c. By 

Mr. Abednego Seller. 4to 1686 

The same writer published The Histoiy of Passiye Obedience since the 

Beformation. 4to Amsterdam 1689. 

Popery anatomized ; or the Papists cleared from the Mae Imputations of 
Idolatry and Bebellion. 4to 1686 

An Answer of a Minister of the Church of England to a Seasonable and 
Important Question proposed to him by a loyal and religious Member 
of the present House of Commons, viz., What Bespect ought the true 
Sons of the Church of England in point of Conscience and Christian 
Prudence to bear to the BeUgion of that Church, whereof the King is a 
Member. 4to Lond. 1687 

How the Members of the Church of England ought to behaye themselves 
under a Boman Catholic King, with reference to the Test and Penal 
Laws. By a Member of the same Church. 12mo Lond. 1687 

f^^ ^^ The Catholic Balance ; or a Discourse determining the Controversies con- 

cerning I. The Tradition of Catholic Doctrines ; II. The Primacy of St. 
Peter and the Bishop of Bome ; III. The Subjection and Authority of 
the Church in a Christian State; according to the eufirages of the 
primest antiquity, pp. 136. 4to Lond. 1687 

The True Test of the Jesuits, or the Spirit of that Society disloyal to Gk>d, 
their King, and Neighbour. 4to Amsterdam, 1688 

The Jesuits' Beasons Unreasonable. Or Doubts proposed to the Jesuits 
upon their Paper presented to Seven Persons oi Honour for Non- 
Exception from the conmion favour voted to Catholics. 4to 1688 
The True Spirit of Popery, or the treachery and cruelty of the Papists 
exercised against Protestants in all ages and countries when Popery 
hath the upper hand. 4to 1688 
An Impartial Query for Protestants, viz. Can Good come out of Gkdilee, or 
can a Popish Buler propagate the Beformed Beligion. 4to 1688 
The Obligation resulting from the Oath of Supremacy to assist and defend 
the Prerogative of the Dispensative Power belonging to the King. 

An Enouiry into the Measures of Submission to the Supreme Authority ; 
and of the Grounds upon which it may be lawful or necessary for Sub- 
jects to defend their Baligion, Lives and Liberties. 1688 
Allen's (W'ill.) alias Col. Titus Killing no Murder, proving it lawful to kill 
a Tyrant. 4to 1689 
Beprinted in the fourth volume of the Harleian Miscellany : first published 
in 1659. A Col. Sexby is said to have been the real author of this work, but 
this is denied in the Clarendon Papers, voL iiL p. 843. 

Ascham's (Anthony) Seasonable Discourse of what is lawful daring the 
Confusions and Bevolutions of Government. First published in I64d. 


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Brutus (JuniuB) YindicuD contra l>^raimo8; or, » Defence of Liberty 
against IVrants, or of the Prince orer the People, and of the People 
oyer the Prince, translated. 4to 16iB9 

This translation was first published in 1648. The original is by some as- 
cribed to Hubert Languet, by others to Theodore Beza. See Placcii Theatrum 
Anonymorum, and The General Biographical Dictionary, x. 305, folio. It was 
translated by Walker, the presumed executioner of Charles L 

Sidney KediTiyus, or tne Opinion of the late Colonel Sidney as to Ciyil 

Goyemment. 4to 1689 

A Treatise of Monarchy, containing two Parts : I. Concerning Monarchy in 

General ; II. Concerning this Particular Monarchy. Wherein all the 

main questions, occurrent in both, are stated, disputed, and determined. 

4to Lond. 1689 
Reprinted in the sixth yolume of the Harleian Miscellany. 
Brief Historical View of the Behayiour of the JesTiits and their Faction for 
the first 25 years of Q. Elizabeth's Reign. 4to Lond. 1689 

The Jesuit's Memorial, for the intended Reformation of England, under ^^ ^^ 
their first Popish Prince. Published from the Copy that was pre- 
sented to the late King James II. With an Introduction, and some 
Animadyersions. By Edward Gee. 8yo Lond. 1690 

It would occupy too much space to enumerate the Tracts relatiye to the 
Reyolution. See " A Collection of State Tracts, published on occasion of the 
Late Reyolution in 1688. And during the Reign of King William III." 8 yols. 
fol. Lond. 1705. 

5. Christianity abused by the Church of Rome^ and Popery shewed B. L. 
to be a corruption of it^ being an answer to a late printed 
paper given out by Papists, in a Letter to a Gent. By John 
WiUiams, M. A. 4to Lond. 1679 

Note, The printed paper is printed with it — Peck, Ath. Ox. 
vol. ii. col. 1120. (Edit. Bliss, vol. iv. col. 769.) Bishop of Chichester, 
bom in 1634, died 1709. Among bis works are Boyle Lectare Ser- 
mons, and History of the Gunpowder Treason. On the abuses of 
Christiauity introduced by ecclesiastical and papal tyranny and cor- 
ruptions the following works may be consulted : — Gratii Fasciculus 
rerum expetendarum et fugiendarum etc. 2 voll. fol. 1690; Hus et 
Hieronymi Monumenta; Illyrici Catalogus Testium Veritatis, 1618 
fol. ; Wolfii Lectiones Memorabiles, 2 voll. fol. 1 600 ; Onus Ecclesiss 
[a Joanne Episcopo Saltsburg.] 1531 fol.; Momayi Mysterium Ini- 
quitatis seu Historia Papatus. Quibus gradibus ad id fastigii enisus 
sit quamque acriter onmi tempore ubique a piis contra intercessum, 
1611 fol. See also Hallam's Literature of Europe, vol. i. 132, &c.; 
Mendbam's Literary Policy of the Ch. of Borne, 15, 16. Among 
modem controversial writers it will be sufficient to mention Penrose's 
Bampton Lectures, 1808 ; " An Attempt to prove the Trath of Chris- 

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tianitj from the Wisdom displayed in its original Establishment, and 
from the History of false and corrupted Systems of Religion." 

©• !,♦ 6. A persuasive to an ingenuous tryal of opinions in religion. [By 
Nicholas Claget, M.A.] (Gibson, vol. xvi. folio 3) pp. 57, 4to 

Lond. 1685 
Cat. No. 3. Contin. p. 2. (Edit. Bliss, vol. iii. col. 640.) "A 
plain practical useful discourse." — Cketkam MS. Archdeacon Glagett 
was bom 1654, died 1727. By Bliss and Gibson this is ascribed to 
Wm. Clagett. Wrongly, for I learn from Mr. J. R. Smith he has a 
copy in which is written by J. Kettlewell that it was presented to him 
by the author Nicholas Claget. 

©♦ 1^ 7. The diflference of the case between the separation of the IVo- 
testants from the Church of Bome^ and the separation of 
Dissenters from the Church of England. [By Will. Claget^ 
D.D.] preacher to the society of Gray's Inn. (G. xiv. fol. 3). 

pp. 71, 4to Lond. 1683 
Cat. No. 9. Contin. p. 2. (Edit Bliss, vol. iii, col. 640.) Bom 
in 1646, died 1688. '' The Case of Indifferent Things used in God's 
Worship, stated on behalf of Dissenters," here referred to, was written 
in reply to a Discourse on the same subject by Dr. Williams, Bishop 
of Chichester, which with a Vindication appears in the London Cases. 
See also Bishop Sanderson's admirable Sermon, " Puritan Prejudices 
and Censures against the Regular Episcopal Clergy, considered and 
answered," (in the fourth vol. of Wordsworth's Christian Institutes) 
Bancroft'? Survey of the pretended holy discipline, 4to, Lond. 1593 
and Dangerous positions and proceedings, etc., 8vo, Lond. [1595] 
Thomdike's Just Weights and Measures, 4to, Lond. 1680. Much 
information concerning the principles and practices of the Noncon- 
formists may also be found in Walton's Life of Hooker, in Hooker's 
Preface to his Ecclesiastical Polity, especially the first four sections, 
in the Preface to ^'Cosins's Conspiracy for pretended Information," 
and in Edwards*s Gangrsena, 4to Lond. 1646. On the causes of 
schism and nonconformity, see Spry's (Bampton Lecture) Sermons, 
" Christian Unity doctrinally and historically considered," Oxf. 1817. 

C* li^ 8. A discourse concerning the devotions of the Church of Itome^ 

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especially as compared with those of the Church of England ; 
in which is shewn^ that, whatever the Romanists pretend, there 
is not so true devotion among them, nor such rational provision 
for it, nor encouragement to it, as is in the Church established 
by law amongst us. [By William Stanley, D.D.] (G. viii. 
folio 2.) pp. 67, 4to Lond. 1685 

Cat. No. 10. Contin. p. 5. Dean of St. Asaph, born 1647, died 
1731. "A useful and judicious discourse if we except t^e Author's 
erroneous opposition to the doctrine of Praying for the Saints de- 
parted." Chetham MS. See Reflections on the Devotions of the 
Roman Church, by John Patrick, 8vo Lond. 1686. 

9. A discourse of the unity of the catholick Church maintained ^^ %^ 

in the Church of England. [By William Cave, D.D.?] 

pp. 57, 4to Lond. 1684 
Cat. No. 13. Contin, p. 4. — Peck. " By Dr. Thorp, as he told 
me himself." E. Sydall. — Chetham MS. See chap, xxxvi of the 
Discourses written of the Notes of the Church. 

10. The proselyte of Rome called back to the communion of the ©♦ %^ 

Church of England. By L. W. pp. 27, 4to Lond. 1679 

The Creed of Pope Pius IV. is here cited. See also Altham's 
Comments, &c., 4to, Lond. 1687 ; Gardiner's Brief Examination of 
the present Roman Catholic Faith, &c., fol., Lond. 1689; the Tri- 
dentine Gospel, or Papal Creed, &c., with Notes by W. Ramsay, 
Lond. 1672. Protestent Journal, 1831, pp. 18-29. 

11. A true and lively representation of Popery, shewing that Popery |f, J^ 

is only new modelled Paganism, and perfectly destructive of 
the great ends and purposes of God in the Gospel. [By 
Thankful Owen.] pp. 82, 4to Lond. 1679 

Mr. Thankful Owen designed a book for the press, which he 
entitled Imago Imaginis ; the design of which was to shew, that Rome 
Papal is an Image of Rome Pagan. See Fasti Oxon. vol. ii. col. 52. 
{Edit. Bliss, vol. iv. col. 91.) But whether it was ever completed 
and printed, I find not. — Pech. A Dissenter, bom in 1619, 
died 1681. The resemblance between Paganism and Popery has 

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been often adverted to by writers on the Romish controversy, but 
the chief works devoted expressly to the illustration of it are 
the following : — Du Pre's Conformity of Ancient and Modem 
Ceremonies, translated irom the French, 1745; Stopford's Pagano- 
Papismus, or an Exact Parallel between Rome-Pagan and Rome- 
Christian, in their Doctrines and Ceremonies, published in 1675; 
EiKcov Tov Orjpiov^ or the Image of the Beast, by Delaune, the 
well-known Nonconformist, 1684; Middleton's Letter from Rome, 
showing an exact Conformity between Popery and Paganism, or the 
Religion of the present Romans derived from that of their Heathen 
Ancestors; Popery the Religion of Heathenism, bylgnotus [J.Poynder], 
published in 1818, which contains along with a summary of the con- 
formity of Popery to Ancient Paganism, a full proof of its similarity to 
Modem Hinduism ; Poynder s Alliance between Popery and Paganism. 
The Abbe de la Berthier, the author of the following treatise, was 
a prisoner in the Bastile, and being asked why he troubled himself to 
write against the Constitution Unigenitus, made answer that he took 
Priest's Orders with no other view than to preach and defend the 
Truth which is wounded by that Constitution ; . . . . that if his 
enemies pleased they might put him to death, which he was resolved 
to suffer rather than retract one tittle of what he had written. " A 
Parallel of the Doctrine of the Pagans, with the Doctrine of the 
Jesuits; and that of the Constitution Unigenitus issued by Pope 
Clement XL Divided into several chapters and sections, shewing 
the contrary Sentiments of the Pagans and Jesuits. Translated (by 
Stephen Whatley) from the Original printed in France. To which 
are added, Copies of the said Constitution, and of the 101 Propo- 
sitions of Father Quesnel thereby condemned." 8vo Dubl. 1726 
It is here proved that the Jesuit authors have advanced infamous 
principles in regard to almost every department of duty, which had 
been denounced even by Heathen writers. See also The Jesuits Morals 
[by Anthony Araauld] translated from the French, fol. Lond. 1670. 
To the list given above may be added Francis De Croy's Harmony of 
the Romish Church with Gentilism, Judaism, and ancient Heresies. 
Translated from the French by Hart, 4to Lond. 1620. — "Sicut 
Christus ex Judaeis et Gentibus unum facit, ita Antichristus Judeeoram 
et Gentium abominationes in unum coacervat." Christianismi Resti- 
tutio [a Serveto] 1553. Reprinted 1790. 

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CHAP. 11. 

Of the royal papers {viz. two of K. Charles II. and one 
of the Duchess of York's,) and of the discourses written 
about them. 

12. ^ A Short and plain way to the faith and churchy composed €>*%* 
j\. many years since by that eminent divine Mr. Richard 
Hudleston^ of the English congregation of S. Benedict^ and 
now published for the common good by his nephew Mr. John 
Hudleston of the same congregation. To which are annexed 
his late Majesty^s K. Charles II. papers found in his doset 
after his decease. As also a brief account of what occurred on 
his death-bed in matters of religion, pp. 38^ 4to Lond. 1688 
See Con tin. p. 27 and 57. The Publisher to the Reader. "The 
Malignity of the times, and the Disasters ensuing thereapon for above 
these Forty years, have been too pernicious to be soon forgot. There 
are none so ignorant who have not heard of the Defeat of his Late 
Majesties Army by the Rebels at Worcester on the 3d of September 
1651. And of the then Preservation of His Sacred Life and Person 
by the care and fidelity of his Catholic Subjects, of whom I aclinow- 
ledg myself the most unworthy. In this sad Conjuncture it was that 
the desolate King after having been harassed to and fro, night and day 
in continual fatigues and perils, from Wednesday the Day of the Battel 
till Sunday following (the particulars of which are out of the sphere of 
my present design to enlarge upon) at last found an Asylum and 
Refuge at Mr. Whitgrave's House at Moseley in Staffordshire, whither ' 
Divine Providence not long before brought me, and where I had first 
the Honor of Attending upon him. During this Retreat, whilst Mr. 
Whitgrave, his Lady, and Mother, (who alone of all the Houshold 
were Privy to the Secret) were often busied in watching and other 
discharges of their Duty towards his Accommodation and Safeguard, 
His Majesty was pleased to entertain himself for the most part with 
me in my chamber, by perusing several of my Books, amongst others 
he took up this present Treatise then a Manuscript, lying on the table 

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of a Closet adjacent to my Chamber. He read it; He seriously 
considered it, and after mature deliberation pronounced this Sentence 
upon it (viz.) I have not seen any thing more Plain and clear upon 
this subject : the Arguments here drawn from Succession, are so con- 
clusive, I do not conceive how they can be denyed,*' &c. &c. Richard 
Hudleston was the youngest son of Andrew Hudleston of Farrington 
Hall in Lancashire. John Hudleston was a younger brother of the 
renowned family of the house of Hutton-John, in the county of 
Cumberland. Among ^'the Boscobel Tracts relating to the Escape 
of Charles IL after the Battle of Worcester," &c. &c., is Whitgreave's 
Narrative. For a relation of the reconciliation of Charles IL to the 
Church of Rome, see also Lingard, vol. x. p. 109 ; Macaulay, vol. i. 
pp. 434-436, who adds, ^4 have seen in the British Museum, and also 
in the Library of the Royal Institution, a curious broadside containing 
an account of the death of Charles. It will be found in the Somers 
Collection. The author was evidently a zealous Roman Catholic, and 
must have had access to good sources of information. I strongly sus- 
pect that he had beeu in communication, directly or indirectly, with 
James himself. No name is given at length, but the initials are per- 
fectly intelligible, except in one place. It is said that the D. of Y. 
was reminded of the duty which he owed to his brother by P. M. A. C. F. 
I must own myself quite unable to decipher the last five letters. It 
is some consolation that Sir Walter Scott was equally unsuccessful. 
Since the first edition of this work was published, several very ingenious 
conjectures touching these mysterious letters have been communicated 
to me ; but I am convinced that the true solution has not yet been 
suggested." — Ibid. pp. 437-438. The true solution has doubtless 
been supplied in Notes and Queries (2nd series, vol. i. pp. 110, 247), 
from Memoirs of the Rev. John Huddleston, reprinted in 1816. — 
"P[ere] M[ansuete] A C[apuchin] F[riar], Confessor to the Duke." 
A copy of this contemporary broadside will be found, No. 1120, in 
the collection of Proclamations, Broadsides, Ballads, and Poems, pre- 
sented to the Chetham Library, Manchester, by James O. Halliwell 
Esq., F.R.S. 

C« %* 18. ^ Reasons of her leaving the communion of the church of 
England^ and making herself a member of the Roman catho- 
lick church. Written by her grace the Duchess of York, for 
the satisfaction of her friends. pp. 6. 

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Prefixed are Charles the Second's Papers, pp. 8. ^* James now (1 686) 
took a step which greatly disconcerted the whole Anglican party. Two 
papers, in which were set forth very concisely the arguments ordinarily 
used hy Roman Catholics in controversy with Protestants, had been 
found in Charles's strong box, and appeared to be in his handwriting. 
These papers James showed triumphantly to several Protestants, and 
declared that, to his knowledge, his brother had lived and died a 
Roman Catholic. One of the persons to whom the manuscripts were 
exhibited was Archbishop Sancroft. He read them with much emotion, 
and remained silent. Such silence was only the natural effect of a 
struggle between respect and veneration. But James supposed that 
the Primate was struck dumb by the irresistible force of reason, and 
eagerly challenged his Grace to produce, with the help of the whole 
episcopal bench, a satisfactory reply. *• Let me have a solid answer, 
and in a gentlemanly style ; and it may have the effect which you so 
much desire of bringing me over to your Church.' The Archbishop 
mildly said, that in his opinion, such an answer might, without much 
difficulty, be written, but declined the controversy on the plea of re- 
verence for the memory of his deceased master. This plea the King 

considered as the subterfuge of a vanquished disputant 

Ho ordered these tracts to be printed with the utmost pomp of ty- 
pography, and appended to them a declaration attested by his sign 
manual, and certifying that the originals were in his brother's own 
hand. James himself distributed the whole edition among his cour- 
tiers and among the people of humbler rank who crowded round his 
coach. He gave one copy to a young woman of mean condition 
whom he supposed to be of his own religious persuasion, and assured 
her that she would be greatly edified and comforted by the perusal. 
In requital of his kindness she delivered to him, a few days later, an 
epistle adjuring him to come out of the mystical Babylon, and to dash 
from his lips the cup of fornications." Macaulay, vol. ii., pp. 44-5. 

14. An answer to some papers lately printed, concerning the C*%* 
authority of the catholic church in matters of faith, and 
the reformation of the church of England. [By Edward 
Stillingfleet, D.D.] pp. 72, 4to Lond. 1686 

Cat. No. 31. Contin. p. 28. Bishop of Worcester, bom in 1635, 
died 1699. Stillingfleet, who was renowned as a consummate master 
of all the weapons of controversy, gave James deep offence by pub- 

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lishing an answer to the papers whicli had been found in the strong 
box of Charles the Second. He is generally acknowledged to have 
occnpied the yery first place among those illustrious men who, in that 
important crisis of our history, brought great talents and prodigious 
learning to bear upon the exposure of Popery. — Macaulay, voL iL 
p. 149. *' A clear and solid answer to the Papers undertaken herein 
to be examined." — Chetham MS. 

G» 1^ 15. 4< A defence of the papers written by the late King of blessed 
memory and Dachess of York^ against the answer made to 
them. [By John Dryden.] pp. 126, 4to Lond. 1686 

Contin. p. 28. Bom in 1631, died 1700. " The help of Dryden 
was welcome to those Roman Catholic divines who were painfully 
sustaining a conflict against all that was illustrious in the Established 

Church It seemed that it was no light thing to have secured 

the cooperation of the greatest living master of the English language. 
The first service which he was required to perform in return for his 
pension was to defend his Church in prose against Stillingfleet. But 
the art of saying things well is useless to a man who has nothing to 
say ; and this was Dryden's case. He soon found himself unequally 
paired with an antagonist whose whole life had been one long train- 
ing for controversy. The veteran gladiator disarmed the novice, in- 
flicted a few contemptuous scratches, and turned away to encounter 
more formidable combatants."— Macaulay, vol. ii. p. 198. 

©• %• 16. ^i* A reply to the answer made upon the three royal papers. 
[4to] pp. 56, 1686 

Contin. p. 28. The author of this pamphlet is honoured by 
Stillingfleet, in his Vindication, with a very respectful rejoinder. 

©•1^ 17. A vindication of the answer to some late papers concerning 
the unity and authority of the catholick church, and the 
reformation of the church of England. [By Edward Stilling- 
fleet, D.D.] pp. 118, 4to Lond. 1687 
Cat. No. 32. Contin. p. 28. See 14. 

18. An answer to father Huddleston^s short and plain way, ftc. 
as above. No. 12. 

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ContiD. p. 57. ^* To this there is an Answer almost finished hy a 
very Learned Person, who will demonstrate to the World, how little 
that Book had in it to conyince." 

19. A discourse sent to the late E. James^ to persuade him to 
embrace the protestant religiou ; with a letter to the same 
purpose. By Samuel Parker, Lord Bishop of Oxon. 

pp. 46, 4to Lond. 1690 
Ath. Ox. vol. ii. col. 280. {Edit Bliss, vol. iv. col. 225.) Repub- 
lished, 8vo, 1714, under the title of "A Letter sent by Sir Leolyn 
Jenkins," &c. See 20. In the " Life of Sir Leoline Jenkins, Judge of 
the High Court of Admiralty, and Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 
&c. Ambassador and Plenipotentiary for the General Peace at Cologne 
and Nimeguen, and Secretary of State to K. Charles XL" &c. Ac, by 
William Wynne, 2 vols. fol. Lond. 1724, there are two Letters ad- 
dressed by him to the Duke of York, respecting which his Biographer 
remarks, in defence of his Protestantism : '^ To this (his bounty to 
the French Protestants in the year 1681) may be justly added the 
many affectionate and pressing Instances he had made to his Royal 
Highness to persuade him to return to the Communion of the Church 
of England both by Letter and Conversation. Dr. Parker's Letter 
to Sir Leoline Jenkins (?) is already in print, and the Lord Clarendon's 
Letters on the same subject, which I have some reason to think were 
published by Sir Leoline's means, in order to promote and encourage 
others in the like Addresses. There is likewise a Letter in the fol- 
lowing Collection to his Highness when he was retired to Scotland, 
(vol. ii. p. 690,) wrote just afler the Debates in the House of Com- 
mons, upon the Bill of Exclusion, full of affectionate expressions and 
pathetick arguments to induce him to forsake the Roman Catholick 
Religion, but was no more than, as he there says, what he had often 
presumed to urge in his private and occasional Conferences with 
him. ' I will presume,' says Sir Leoline, ' humbly to say that besides 
what you owe to the Injunctions of your Martyr Father, and the rest 
of the Protestant World, you are bound in Justice 1. To the Church 
of England. 2. In submission to the King your Royal Brother. 3. In 
natural Affection to your Children. 4. In charity to these Three 
unhappy Nations, to use all the Means possible to inform yourself, 
whether you can with a safe Conscience return again to this Com- 
munion.' " Tha Injunctions of Charles I. will be found in a Broad- 



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side, No. 1144, in the Collection of Proclamations, &c, presented 
to the Chetham Library, Manchester, by James 0. Halliwell Esq., 
F.R.S., viz. : " Not Popery but the Protestant Religion the Support 
of the Crown Confirmed out of the Mouth of the Blessed Martyr 
K. Charles I. of Pious Memory. With other of his Sayings and 
Instructions concerning both Religion and Grovemment, worthy to be 
seriously considered by all Protestants." 

ft* %* Letter to Ann, Duchess of York, a few months before her death. 
[By Geo. Morley, Bishop of Winchester.] 1670 

^'Of this letter of Morley, dated Jan. 1670, there is a copy in- 
dorsed by the hand of Lord Clarendon himself. There is, besides, a 
most able and pathetic letter written by that illustrious exile himself 
to his daughter, and another full of respectful but manly remonstrance 
to the Duke, on occasion of the rumours which had reached him con- 
cerning the change in her Royal Highness's religious feith. These are 
dated in 1668. The last paper in the series is a letter by Lord Corn- 
bury to the Duke of York on the same subject, dated December 26, 
1670. They are so full of interest, that I had purposed to print them 
here entire ; but the great space, which they would occupy, forbids 
me. I trust howeyer that the public will soon obtain them by some 
other channel." — Phillpotts' Letters to Charles Butler, Esq., p. 330. 
The first is in the collection of ^' Several Treatises written upon seTe- 
-ral Occasions by the Right Reverend Father in Grod George Lord 
Bishop of Win ton," 4 to Lond. 1683 ; the second and third in the third 
volume of the Harleian Miscellany ; the second and fourth in the Sup- 
plement to the Clarendon State Papers, pp. 38-41. 

C* !/• A true relation of the late King's death. One folio half sheet. 

See 12 supra. No. 1120 of the Collection of Proclamations, 
Broadsides, Ballads, and Poems, presented to the Chetham Library by 
James O. Halliwell Esq., F.R.S. Also in State Tracts, 1660-89. 

€f#ft* Copies of two papers written by the late King Charles II. of 
blessed memory ; as also a copy of a paper written by the 
late Duchess of York^ ut supra 13. 

Folio and 4to. pp. 14, 4to Lond. 1686 
Reprinted in the fifth Yolume of the Harleian Miscellany. 

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Remarks on the two Papers^ writ by his late Majesty King Charles C« W^ 
IT. concerning Religion. By Gilbert Burnet, D.D. 

4to Hague, 1687 

This was the third answer to King Charles's Tracts puhlished in 
the reign of James. Of these answers Dr. Lingard appears to hare 
been ignorant. In toI. x. p. 215, he writes thus: ^*A question re- 
specting their [King Charles's Tracts] authenticity was soon raised by 
persons who, with Evelyn and Burnet, maintained that hoth papers 
displayed a much greater proficiency in controversial learning than 
the laughter-loving Monarch had ever possessed. On the other side 
competent judges, acquainted with the handwriting of Charles, pro- 
nounced them genuine, and, from the erasures and corrections and 
interlineations with which they ahounded, drew the conclusion that 
they were not mere copies of documents presented to that Prince, but 
compositions of his own, which he had revised and improved on dif- 
ferent occasions. It was speedily known that numerous conversions 
to the Roman Catholic creed had occurred among the nohility and the 
dependants on the Court: the example of the higher was gradually 
imitated hy the lower classes ; and the more zealous of the Catholic 
body were careful to reprint editions of the two tracts, which they 
triumphantly dispersed among their neighbours. But the most un- 
accountable thing was the torpor with respect to them of the Pro- 
testant press. During the whole reign of James nothing was published 
in the shape of refutation ; not a writer came forward to enter the 
lists against the royal theologian* This was a circumstance to which 
James has alluded with evident marks of satisfaction." — James's 
Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 9. In the same page is added, '^ There was some- 
thing of an answer published by an unknown hand ; but the drift of 
it was rather to prove that the papers were not the late King's, than 
any reply to the arguments in it." Reprinted in State Tracts, 

An Answer to a book, entituled, A sbort and plain way to the C* %« 
Faith and Church. By Samuel Grascome, a Priest of the 
Church of England. pp. 210, 8vo Lond. 1703 

" It may perhaps be objected, that I have said nothing to the Two 
Papers of King Charles the Second, nor to the Account which the 
younger Huddleston gives of his Death, printed at the end of that 
small Treatise I have good reason to call in question 

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Mr. HuddleBton's Sincerity and fair dealing in that delation. For I 
have been told by a person of no mean Quality and Known Integrity, 
who attended his Majesty from the time presently after his fall in that 
fatal Distemper to the last minute of his Life, excepting the space of 
about one half hour, when he and others were desired to withdraw, 
to make room for some other company, whereof Mr. Huddleston was 
one, that the King at that time was not able to speak three words 
together without great difficulty, and those so brokenly and unintelli- 
gibly that they were forced to guess at his meaning. Now let any 
man well consider all the FormaHties and parts which Mr. Huddleston 
tells US he then acted, and you will scarce allow it to be done with 
any decency in less than an hour and a half (although nothing should 
have passed at that time between the King and Queen to hinder or 
interrupt his proceedings) and that is tbree times as long as he was 
there. But the strangest thing of all is that he puts long speeches in 
the King's Mouth, and makes him speak them Readily and Cheai^ 
fully; whereas that Honourable Person tells me, that when he and 
the others went in again to the King, they observed his speech to fail 
more, and so it continued to his death. Now how came he to speak 
so well and readily then, who could do it neither before nor after T* — 

A Letter to the King^ when Duke of Tork^ persuading him to 
return to the protestant Religion, wherein the chief errors of 
the Papists are exposed. By an old Cavalier and faithful son 
of the church of England as established by law. 

A single sheet. 4to 1688 
Probably the same as the Letter addressed by Sir Leoline Jenkins 
to the Duke of York in Scotland in 1680 above referred to. 

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Of the discourses written upon ifie design of abrogating the 
penal Laws and Test. 

SO. Reasons for abrogating the test imposed upon all members of ft*l^ 
parliament. First written for the author's own satisfaction, 
and now published for the benefit of all others whom it may 
concern. By Samuel Parker, L. Bp. of Oxon. 

pp. 131, 4to Lond. 1688 
See Contin. p. 50. Ath. Ox. vol. ii. col. 820. {Edit. Bliss, vol. iv. 
col. 820.) Bom in 1640, died in 1687. A defence of the Declara- 
tion of Indulgence, or rather a defence of the doctrine of transubstan- 
tiation. This piece called forth many answers, particularly one from 
Burnet, written with extraordinary vigour and acrimony. See Enquiry 
into the Reasons for abrogating the Test, &c., injra. 

21. Transubstantiation a peculiar article of the Roman catholick C*%* 

faith, which was never owned by the antient church or any of 
the reformed. In answer to a late discourse called. Reasons 

for abrogating the test. By Goodwin, a dissenting 

teacher in London. pp. 48, 4to Lond. 1688 

See Cat. p. 33. Contin. p. 50. I can find no notice of this writer 
although not a theologian Kara av/jfiefir^/co^. ^* How unsuccessfully he 
(Bp. Parker) has managed this design of expounding transubstantiation 
has been shewn in a late Discourse proving transubstantiation to be the 
peculiar doctrine of the Church of Rome, and in the Preface to the 
Examination of the New Articles of the Roman Creed by Catholic 
Tradition."— Wake. 

22. A discourse concerning the nature of idolatry, in which a late C« %* 

author [Samuel L. Bp. of Oxon's] true and only notion of 
Idolatry [in his reasons for abrogating the test, as above, No. 
20.] is considered and confuted. By William Wake, M.A. 

Pref. pp. xvi., 96, 4to Lond. 1688 

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See Cat No. 160. Contin. p. 50. Bom in 1657, died in 1737. 
^ Archbishop Wake was early and long engaged in controversy with 
the papists ; and of all the great Divines who stood forward in defence 
of the Church of England in that protracted and memorable contest he, 
after Stillingfleet, was at once the most profoundly skilled in the learn- 
ing, the most acute, solid and judicious in the argument of his cause. 
His gentle spirit led him to be moderate ; but to convince you how he 
really thought and wrote of the Church of Rome, I will beg leave to 
add one or two quotations from his works in return for yours. The 
charge of idolatry is repeatedly enforced by him, and that not inci- 
dentally and by the way, but directly and argumentatively. The title 
of one of his chapters is as follows. That the Church of Rome thus 
worshipping of images is truly and properly guilty of idolatry .... Of 
the Adoration of the Host he says, the Church of England, conse- 
quently to her principles of the Bread and Wine remaining in their 
natural substances, professes that she thinks it to be Idolatry, and 
to be abhorred of all faithful Christians. Of the Sacrifice of the Mass, 
that it both makes up the chiefest part of the Popish worship, and is 
justly esteemed one of the greatest and most dangerous errors that 
offend us. See Exposition of the Doctrines of the Church of Eng- 
land."— Letter to Charles Butler, Esq. By the Rev. Henry Phillpotts, 
D.D. The question so laboriously dilated upon in Monceeii Aaron 
Purgatus sive de Vitulo Aureo simul Cheruborum Mosis, Vitulorum 
Jeroboami, Theraphorum Micha formam et historiam Explicantes, Atre- 
bati, 1606, (of which there is an analysis in Poole's Synopsis ad 
Ezod. xxxii.) viz. Whether the Golden Calf was set up in honour of 
Apis, the Egyptian god, or symbolically in honour of Jehovah, was 
involved in the controversy between Godden and Stillingfleet, and 
again in the revival of that controversy between Parker and Wake. 
^* I shall not discuss the question of Moncseius," [who believed Aaron 
and the Levites to have offered relative worship only, whilst the rest 
of the congregation were guilty of apostasy] — says the Rev. Dr. 
Townsend in Scriptural Communion with Gody or the Pentateuch 
and the Book of Job, vol. ii. p. 287 — "neither shall I enquire into 
the accuracy of the opinion of Pfeiffer and of the majority of commen- 
tators, that it was set up in honour of Apis. I believe that it was 
framed in honour of the God of the patriarchs, the God of Israel, 
Jehovah." Our learned author has evidently misrepresented the 
opinion of Pfeiffer, as will appear from the following extract from his 
DiffidUorum S. S, Loeorum Centuriccy Ultrajecti 1704, p. 131. Eum 

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Titulam Israelitffi non habebant pro Deo sed Yemm Denm representa- 
tive et eymbolice colere yolebant illo. Nee enim vitulum eduxisse se 
ex ^gypto (cujus materiam potius ipsi secam ex iEgjpto asportanuit) 
nee Aaron tarn emotse mentis erat .... Nibilominus tamen idolola- 
triam Israelitse committebant, quia Deum aliter colere intendebant 
qoam coli yolebat Confer B.D. Chemnitios P. 4. Exam. C. T. p. m. 
22. seq. D. Gerbardus de Lege Mor. § 92. D. D. Caloyius Bibl. lUustr. 
b. 1. pag. 454. B. D. Dannbaweros Coll. Decal. p. 95. D. Klotzins de 
Angelol. p. 11. seq. D. Kealerus im Pabstbum p. 446. 476. Micb. 
Haveman Tbeogn. Proleg. § 8. Hackspanius Not. Bibl. P. 1. pag. 390. 
Vossius de Tbeol. Gent 1. p. 10. Seeing tben the tbeorj of Mon- 
csins supported by so many consentient authorities, we cannot but be 
surprised that it has so severely been condemned by the learned 
Lutheran Divine, Jo. Henr. Maius, in bis Historia Animalium Scrip- 
ture Sacrse ; viz. '^ Ac juste denique ille purgatus impuri bomuiis a 
Paulo V. et Alexandre YII. Pontificibus indici librorum prohibitorum 
insertus, purgatorioque igni subjectus est" That from the use of 
animals as symbols of the divine nature, animal worship originated, is 
shown by Jamblicus de Myster. ^gypt s. ii. c. 1. &c. &c. See 
Jurieus Critical History of the Doctrine and Worship of the Church, 
vol. ii. p. 178 ; Kircher s Obeliscus Pamphilius, c. 1 ; Vossius de 
Idololatria; Cud worth's Intellectual System ; Faber's Origin of Pagan 
Idolatry. In a curious work on '^ Ancient Alphabets and Hiero- 
glyphics," written in Arabic by Ibn Wahshih, and translated by M. 
Joseph Hammer, London, 1806, 4to, there is a singularly formed 
hieroglyphic symbol, called by Kircher, Anima Mundi. See CEdipus 
^gyptiacus, vol. ii. p. 415, vol. iii. p. 405, and Prodromus Coptus, 
cap. ix. Of this symbol the author says, '' This figure is expressive 
of the most sublime secret, called originally, Bahumed and Kharuf, 
(or calf,) viz.. The Secret of the Nature of the World, or The Secret 
of Secrets, or The Beginning and Return of every thing." On which 
M. Hommer remarks : '' It is superfluous to recall here to the me- ^^ H^ 
mory of the reader the great antiquity and mysterious sense of the 
idolatrous veneration in which the calf has been continually held," 
&c. Pref. p. xiii, and pp. 22, 23. On Symbol-Idolatry see also 
Brocklesby's Explication of the Gospel-Theism and the Divinity of 
the Christian Religion, fol. Lend. 1706, Book i. c. 7. 

The first Apologists indeed exulted in a religion more dogmatical 
and spiritual than that of the subjects of the ceremonial law, and 
zealously and severely condemned the frequent defections of the Jews, 

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which were no other thim the joining foreign worship to the worship 
of the Grod of Israel ; and in this they acted with much good judg- 
ment, inasmuch as Christianity could not have heen estahlished hut 
upon the ahandonment hy the Pagans of their inveterate prejudices 
concerning intercommunity of worship. So great was the influence of 
this principle that in the same time and country the Jews of Jerusalem 
added the Pagan idolatries to their religion, while the Pagans of 
Samaria added the Jewish religion to their idolatries. For instances 
of Jewish intercommunity, see Apthorpe's Letters on the Prevalence 
of Christianity. The truth of Christianity was acknowledged hy the 
Pagans; they only wanted the compliment to he returned. As this 
could not he done, there was a necessity for the Christians to assign 
the reasons for their refusal. And this gave hirth to so many confu- 
tations of idolatrous worship. See Warburton s Div. Leg. B. ii. s. 6. 
Severe laws of the Church were established against such as mingled 
the Jewish religion and the Christian together, and who are specified 
and condemned in the laws of Honorius in the Theodosian code. Lib. 
xvi. tit viii. On the evils infused into the Church, both Jewish and 
Christian, by Pagan Philosophy, see Gule's Court of the Gentiles, 
Part iii. B. 2, c. i., 4to Loud. 1677. 

C* %• 28. A discourse concerning transubstantiation and idolatry ; being 
an answer to the L. Bishop of Oxford's plea to those two 
points. By Gilbert Burnet, D.D. pp. 36, 4to Lond. 1688 
^' The wisdom of our Legislators is demonstrated in singling out 
this to be the sole point of the Tests for Imployments ; since it is per- 
haps the only point in Controversy in which the whole Cliurch of 
Rome holds the Affirmative, and the whole Reformed hold the Nega- 
tive." This treatise is in the ninth volume of the Somers Tracts, p. 
151, and is thus described : '^ Samuel Parker, D.D. Bishop of Oxford, 
a man of some talents and activity, disgraced himself during this busy 
period by his implicit compliance with the arbitrary commands of 
James II. This involved him in a dispute with Dr. Burnet, who 
treated him as unmercifully as Andrew Marvel had done upon a former 
occasion. Indeed Parker had exalted the king's supremacy in terms 
which amounted to direct blasphemy. Burnet's account of the con- 
troversy is as follows : — * He wrote a book against the tests full of 
petulant scurrility, of which I shall only give one instance. He had 
reflected much on the popish plot, and on Oates's evidence ; and upon 

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that he called the test the sacrament of Oatesian villainy. He treated 
the parliament that enacted the tests with a scorn that no popish writer 
had jet ventured on ; and he said much to excuse transubstantiation 
arid to free the church of Home from the charge of idolatry. This 
raised such a disgust of him, even in those that had been formerly but 
too much influenced by him, that, when he could not help seeing that, 
he sunk under it. I was desired to answer his book with the severity 
that he deserved ; and I did it with an acrimony of style that nothing 
but such a time and such a man could in any sort excuse. It was said 
the king sent him my papers, hearing that nobody else durst put them 
into his hands, hoping it would raise his indignation and engage him 
to answer them.' " — Burnet's History of His Own Time^ vol. iii. p. 
1265. (Edit. 1724, vol. i. p. 740.) 

24. Draconica, or^ an abstract of all the penal laws touching matters (^^ %, 

of religion and the several oaths and tests thereby enjoined ; 
with brief observations thereupon. The third edition^ with 
considerable additions. By Henry Care. 

pp. 40, 4to Lond. 1688 
In reply to this tract and the same author's Animadversions (41 
infra) was published, A Seasonable Discourse showing the necessity 
of Union among Protestants, &c., ut infra. 

25. A discourse for taking off the test and penal laws about reli- ^« %^ 

gion. Pref. pp. vi, 40, 4to Lond. 1687 

Dr. More's discourse on the Real Presence is here quoted, in which 
'* he can not escape a falling in with Transubstantiation any^ other way 
than by closing with a Notion manifestly false and Platonic/' 

26. The judgment and doctrine of the clergy of the church of Eng- C« %• 

land concerning the King^s prerogative in dispensing with 
penal laws. Asserted by the Lords Archbishops Bancroft, 
Laud and Usher. The Lords Bishops Sanderson and Cart- 
wright. The Reverend Doctors Sir Thomas Ridley LL.D., 
Dr. Heylin, Dr. Barrovr, Dr. Sherlock, Master of the Temple, 
Dr. Hicks, Dr. Nalson and Dr. Puller. And by the Anony- 
mous Author of the Harmony of Divinity and Law. Together 

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with the concurring Resolutions of our Reverend Judges, as 
most consonant and agreeable thereunto 

Imperfect, pp. . 4to Lond. 1687. 

C* 9,* 27. An Answer to a late pamphlet, entitled, The judgment and 
doctrine of the clergy, &c, [as above. No. 26], shewing that 
this is not asserted by the Archbishops Bancroft, Laud, and 
Usher; Bp. Sanderson; the Doctors Heylin, Barrow, Sher- 
lock, Hickes, Nalson, Fuller; so far as appears from their 
words cited in this pamphlet. In a letter to a friend. 

pp. 39, 4to Lond. 1687 
This tract shows that even those writers who advocated non- 
resistaDce and passive obedience did not consequentially include the 
dispensing power among the rights and privileges of sovereignty. 
'^ The Laws of England are the King's Laws, but when they ore mode 
Laws by the King [King's authority] they become the Laws of the 
Land, the Rule of his own Government, and his Subjects' obedience." 
^' He concludes this pamphlet with some few Authorities for Liberty 
of Conscience. I shall not now examine how pertinent they are, for I 
will give no other Answer but this; when he has answered all the 
Presbyterian arguments against Toleration, but especially that Book 
call'd Toleration Discuss'd and the arguments of Dr. Parker, now the 
Right Reverend Bishop of Oxford, in his Ecclesiastical Policy ; when 
he can prove that Liberty of Conscience is the doctrine and practise of 
the Church of Rome, and the Standing Rule of the Inquisition, then I 
will consider further on this Argument." 

The works from which testimonies to this "judgment' (Tracts 26, 
27) are derived are as follow : 

JoTian ; or, An AnsTrer to (Samuol Johnson, Author of) Julian, the Apos- 
tate. By Gborge Hickes, D.D. 8to Lond. 1688 
A Vindication of the Monarchy and GoTemment lon^ established in the 
Church and Kingdome of England against the pernicious assertions &o. 
of the Innovators during the last Parliament in the Beign of Charles L 
By Sir Robert Poyntz. 4to Lond. 1661 
The Church, her doctrines and the opposing heresies ; a Sermon preached at 
St. Paul's Cross. By Biohara Bancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Lond. 1588. 

^^ ^^ Reprinted in Hickes's Bibliotheca Scriptorum Ecclesis Angl. 1709, and 

in Tracts of the Anglican Fathers, yol. L The substance of this Sermon will 

be found in Collier's Eccl. History, vol. ii. p. 609. 

View of the Ciyil and Ecclesiastical Law ; wherein the practice of them is 

stroitned and may be relieved within this land. By Sir Thomas Ridley, 

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one of the Masters in Chancery. Oxford 1607, 4to. 2nd edit. Ozf. 
1634, 4to. 3rd edit. Oxf. 1664. 4th edit., Oxf. 1676, Svo. 
All these editions, except the first, contain Notes by John Gregory, A.M., 
of Christ College. 

Conference between Bishop Laud and Fisher the Jesuit, with an answer to ^^ ||[^ 
the exceptions of A. C. [Fisher.] 
The first edition was printed along with White's Beplie to Jesuit Fisher*s 
answere to certaine questions propounded by King James, fol. Lond. 1624. 
The second edition was published separately, much enlarged, 1639, foL ; the 
third in 1673, with important alterations ; the fourth in 1686, with trifling 
▼ariations from the third ; the fifth, 1849, in Lib. of Anglo-Cath. TbeoL, Oxon« 
In this edition the whole of Fisher's Account of the Conference, with his 
notes, to which Laud's Relation is a reply, and of which some portions only were 
given in the former editions, is incorporated from the only copy known to exist, 
and the numerous quotations from the Fathers and Schoobnen are printed 
with their context. — " He quotes a saying of his [Laud's] out of his book 
against Fisher, but never directs us where to find it," &c. It will be found in 
page 211 of the third edition. Of the nine questions proposed to Fisher the 
last is — " Deposing Kings and transferring their Dominions by Papal Autho- 
rity either directly or inSrectly." 
The Power communicated by God to the Prince and the Obedience required ^^ J^ 
of the Subject, &c. By James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh. Pub- 
lished by his grandson, James Tyrrel, after the Restoration, with a 
Preface by Bishop Saunderson. 870 Lond 1661 

In the eleventh volume of Archbishop TJssher's Works, Dublin, 1847 — " The 
reverend Author without meddling with these Punctilios of the Law under- 
taketh no more but to declare and assert the Power of Sovereign Princes, as 
the godly Fathers and Councils of the ancient Catholick Church from the 
evid^ce of Holy Scripture, and the most judicious Heathen Writers by dis- 
course of Reason from the light of Nature, have constantly taught and acknow- 
ledged the same." Pref. D. 3. 
Cases of Conscience. By Robert Sanderson, D.D. Translated by Robert 
Codrington. 12mo Lond. 1660 

Compare his " De Obligatione Conscientise Preelectiones Decem.'* 12mo 
Lond. 1676. Republished in 1851, with a translation by Professor Whewell. 
See also Wordsworth's Christian Institutes, voL iii. This eminent Divine 
published also, ** Judgment concerning Submission to Usurpers, 1678." 

A Sermon preached upon the Anniversary Solemnity of the happy Inaugura- 
tion of our dread Soveraign James 2. 6th February 1685-6. By 
Thomas Cartwright, Bishop of Chester. 
The Jacobite devotion of this ** still viler sycophant than Parker** may 
be gathered from the following extract from his Diary printed for the Camden 
Society. ** May 29, 1687. I was at the first sermoD, and after at the Kins's 
levee^ who ordered me to deliver my address at 10 after the rising of the cabi- 
net council, which was graciously accepted and answered with a speech of his 
Minesty's to this efilsct — My Lord, I could expect no less than such a loyal 
address as this from a prelate of such approved loyalty as you have been, and 
am fuUv convinced that, where mv bishops are loyal, the clergy of the Church 
of England will easily be ruled by them in any thing i;elating to my service ; 
and I do assure you and them that whilst they continue their duty, they 
shall never find me unmindful of my engagements to them, but ready to make 
good all that I have promised them, and to stand by them as long as I live ; 
but when the bishops are wanting in doing their duties, I can not but expect 
their clergy shaU be unmindful of theirs." 

The extract given from Dr. Heylin respecting *Hhe King's sometimes 

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passing by a Statute with a Non-obstante" is not to be found bj any referenoe 
C* %♦ giyen hero or in the Answer. It occurs in '* The Stumbling Block of Disobedi- 

ence and Eebellion : cunningly laid by Calvin in the Subjects way, discovered, 
censured and remored." (In his Historical and Miscellaneous Tracts, foL 
Lond. 1681.) 
a[ S Treatise on the Pope's Supremacy. By Isaac Barrow, D.D. Master of 

* Trinity College, Cambridge. 4to Lond. 1688. Fol. Lond. 1683, toL L 

The places where to find them are given in the Answer viz. pp. 311-318, 
400, 4to. This excellent and elaborate treatise is given in the fint volume of 
the Supplement to Gibson's Preservative from Popery, 8vo Lond. 1849 ; and 
"The Nature and Extent of the Papal Claims to Supremacy, whether in 
Things Temporal or Spiritual," from the same Treatise will be found in 
Wordsworth^s Christian Institutes, vol. iv. " Of the life of this luminary of 
mathematical science and ornament of the English church, it is hardly neces- 
sary to say a word, as a biography of him will bd met with in every Cyclopedia 
and Collection of Lives ;" Wortmngton's Diary and Correspondence, voL i. p. 
66. A few passages, however, from Abraham Hill's Account of his Life, pre- 
fixed to his works, are too interesting to be omitted. *' Besides the particular 
assistence he gave to many in their studie, he concerned himself in every thing . 
that was for the interest of his College ; upon the single afiair of building their 
Library, he writ out quires of Paper, chiefly to those who had been of the Col- 
lege, first to ingage them and then to give them thanks, which he never 
omitted : these Letters he esteemed not enough to keep copies of, but by the 
generous returns he brought in, they appeared to be of no small value ; and 
those Gentlemen that please to send back their Letters will deserve to be 

accounted further Bene! actours to their Library In this place seated 

to his ease and satisfaction he yielded the day to his public business, 

and took from his Morning sleep many hours to increase his stock of Sermons 
and write his Treatise of the Pope's Supremacy. He understood Popery both 
at home and abroad, he had narrowly observed it, militant in England, trium- 
phant in Italy, disguised in France, and had earlier apprehensions than most 
others of the approaching danger, and would have appeared with the forwardast 
in a needful time ; for his ingagcment in that Cause, and his place in your 
Friendship [Dr. Tillotson's] I would (with the leave of the most worthy Dean 
of St. Paul's, his highly respected Friend) call him another Dr. Stillingfleet.'' 
See also Ward's Lives of the Professors of Gresham College, fol. Lond. 1740. 
How delightful it is to see such men as Dr. Barrow and his successor in the 
Mathematical Chair, Sir Isaac Newton, thus " yielding the day to public busi- 
ness," "I do not love to be print^^d on every occasion, much less to be 
dunned and teased by foreigners about mathematical things, or to be thought 
by our own people to be trifling away my time about them when I am about 
the King' business." (Newton to Flamsteed.) The " particular Branches of 
Soveraignty," as set down by Dr. Barrow, wiU be found in pp. 274, 287, 297, 
318, 319, 328, 341, 857, 365, 382, 388, 396, 398, 400, and are collected in Yoz 
Cleri pro Eege, ut infra. 
^« l^ The Case of Resistance of the Supreme Powers stated and resolved, accord- 

ing to the doctrine of the Holy Scriptures. By William Sherlock, D.D. 
Master of the Temple, and Dean of St. Paul's. Lond. 1684 

"A pension was bestowed on him by Charles : but that pension James 
soon took away ; for Sherlock, though he held himself bound to pay passive obe- 
dience to the civil power, held himself equally bound to combat reUgious errors, 
and was the keenest and most laborious of that host of controversialists who, 
in the day of peril, manfully defended the Protestant faith. In little more 
than two years he published sixteen treatises, some of them large books, 
against the high pretensions of Bome. Not content with the easy victories 

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wbich he gained orer such feeble antagonists as those who were quartered at 
derkenwdl and the Savoy, he had the courage to measure his strength with 
no less a champion than JBossuet, and came out of the conflict without dis- 
credit. Nevertheless Sherlock still continued to maintain that no oppression 
could justify Christians in resisting the kingly authority.'* (Macaulay, voL 
iii. pp. 457-8.) In yoI. It. of the same work is fully told the story of his con- 
yersion from Jacobitism by a passage in the eighth chapter of Bishop Oyerall's 
Conyooation Book, 1606, concerning the Choyemment of God*8 Catholick 
Church and the Kingdoms of the Whole World. 4to Lond. 1690. In justi- 
fication of his conduct he published a pamphlet entitled The Case of Allegiance 
to Soyereign Powers stated, 4to Lond. 1691. 
The Common Interest of King and People ; shewing the original antiquity 
and excellency of Monarchy, compared with Aristocracy and Democ- 
racy, and particularly of our English Monarchy ; and that Absolute, 
Papal and Presbyterian Popular Supremacy are utterly inconsistent 
with Prerogative, Property and Liberty. By John !Nalson. Svo 

Lond. 1678 

The Moderation of the Church of England considered. By Timothy Puller, d[^ %^ 

D.D. 8yo Lond. 1679. A new Edition, with an Introductory Prefiice, 

by the Key. Robert Eden. Lond. 1848 

The Harmony of Diyinity and Law, in a Discourse about not Resisting of 

Soyereign Princes, on ProY. xxx. 81. [By George Hickes, D.D.] 4to 

Lond. 1684. Anon. 
This learned diyine and philologist advocated passive obedience and the 
theory of divine right in several other works, e.g. The Judgment of an Anony- 
mous Writer, Ac., already enumerated in page 7, Jovian, ^. — A Letter to the 
Author of a late Paper, entitled, a Vindication of the Divines of the Church of 
England, &c., in Defence of the History of Passive Obedience, (the Author of 
the Vindication, Dr. Fowler, Bishop of G-loucester) 1689. — A Discourse of the 
Soveraign Power, in a Sermon preached Nov. 28, 1682, before the ikrtillery 
Company, 1713. He here says (Collection of Sermons, vol. i. p. 345) : " God 
hath reserved wicked Princes and Tyrants for his punishment, and hath al- 
lowed their Subjects no Arms against them, but the Arms of the Catholick and 
Apostolical Church, even the primitive Artillery of Prayers and Tears." — The 
celebrated story of the Theban Legion no Fable, in answer to the Objections 
of Dr. Gilbert Bumet*s Preface to his Translation of Lactantius de Mortibus 
Persecotorum, with some Remarks on his Discourse of Persecution ; written in 
1687, though not published till 1714. His favourite argument for passive 
obedience £awn from the story of the Theban Legion has been annihilated by 
John Dubourdieu in an Historical Dissertation upon the Thebean Legion, 
plainly proving it to be Fabulous, 1696. 

28. Samuel Lord Bp. of Oxford^ his celebrated reasons for abro- C« %^ 
gating the test and notions of idolatry answered by Samuel 
Archdeacon of Canterbury. [By John Phillips, (?) nephew to 
John Milton.] The third edition. pp. 22, 4to Lond. 1688 
See Aih. Ox, vol. ii. col. 850 and 1119. [Edit. Bliss, vol. iv. col. 
820.) To understand this title-page, it is necessary that the reader be 
informed that, in reward of Bishop Parker's obsequiousness to King 
James, he had, upon being preferred to the see of Oxford, obtamed 
permission to hold the archdeaconry of Canterbury in commendam 

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with tbat prefennent.. The archdeaconry he had obtained by distin- 
guishing himself in the controversy between the church of England 
and the dissenters; and as, in the present struggle, he assumed the 
appearance of compassion and affection for the latter class of protestants, 
his antagonists fail not to reproach him with the very different senti- 
ments he formerly entertained respecting non-conformists. These are 
chiefly drawn from Parker's work, entitled " A Discourse of Ecclesias- 
tical Polity, wherein the Authority of the Civil Magistrate over the 
Consciences of Subjects in Matters of external Religion is asserted." 
This treatise appeared about 1673-4, and greatly offended the dis- 
senters, as appears from the intemperate titles to several answers to 
which it gave occasion, as, for example, ''Insolence and Impudence 
triumphant. Envy and Fury enthroned." The vindication of the test 
and penal laws, which the Ecclesiastical Polity contains, is in this 
tract placed by Burnet in contrast with Parker s Defence of the Indul- 
gence. — Somers Tracts, ix. 160. 

The author, whether Burnet or Phillips, here adopts Horace's 
maxim : 

Ridiculum acri 
Fortius ac melius magnas plerumque secat res." 

Lib. ii. Sat iv. 14. 
" There is another reason, why His Majesty was graciously pleas'd to 
think Force in Matters of meer Religion directly contrary to the 

Interest of Government, and that is, Spoyling of Trade. Trade ! 

cries the Arch-Deacon ; Trade ! No. Let grass grow about the 
Custom-House, rather than abate one Tittle of my Ecclesiastical 

Polity He is a very silly Man, and understands nothing of 

the follies, passions and inclinations of Human Nature, who sees not 
there is no Creature so ungovernable, as a Wealthy Phanatick, (p. 51.) 
And therefore (p. 48) I confess I can not but smile, when I observe 
how some, that would be thought wonderful grave and solemn States- 
men, labour with mighty projects of setting up this and that Manu- 
facture in their respective Towns and Corporations, and how eagerly 
they pursue these petty attempts beyond the great Affaira of a more 
Publick Concernment (meaning the dreadful and terrible execution of 
the Penal Laws;) and how wisely they neglect the settlement of a 
whole Nation, for the Benefit of a Village or Burrough ! Very pleasant 
Ecclesiastical Polity ! No Man must eat or drink, or maintain his 
Family: the grand relation of Human Necessities, depending one 
upon another, must stand still to oblige the Arch-Deacon s Ecclesias- 

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deal Polity. Here's a Quietus est for above the Third Part of the 
Nation. None but those that can swallow a Surplice, and adore the 
Parochial Levite, must weave Camlets at Norwich, make Bays at 
Colchester, Spurrs at Rippon, Nayls at Brummigeham, or Saddles at 
Burford. For why ? There is not any sort of people so seditious, as 
the Trading Part of the Nation/' 

29. The reasonableness of the church of England's test and just- C*9L* 

ness of her reformation, asserted ; in answer to the Bp. of 
Oxon's fallacious reasons and precarious assertions against it. 
Also the worship of images, adoration of the host, and invoca- 
tion of saints proved idolatry ; by the catholick doctrine of the 
holy scripture, the ancient fathers, and all reformed churches. 
By which the writings of the doctors, StiUingfleet, Tillotson, 
More, &c. are cleared from the charge of anti-catholick, anti- 
christian, phanatical, &c. pp. 22, 4to 1688 

^' That men as loyal as himself and as far from being fanatical or 
unlearned entertained different notions of idolatry I shall insert the 
following passages," &c. p. xi. The authors here quoted are Whitgift, 
Abbot and Laud. Another contemporary equally learned might have 
been cited, viz. Bilson in " The True Difference betweene Christian 
Subjection and Unchristian Rebellion," &c. 4to Lend. 1685. The 
fourth part. 

30. Vox cleri pro rege ; or the rights of the imperial sovereignty of ©» %^ 

the crovm of England vindicated in reply to a late pamphlet 
[No. 27 supra] pretending to answer a book, entitled The 
judgment and doctrine of the clergy of the church of England, 
concerning the Eing^s prerogative in dispensing with penal 
laws. In a letter to friend. pp. Pref. xv., 68, 4to 1688 

There was a second edition, with an Historical Account appended 
of the Convocation, 1689. In 1690 was published An Answer to 
Vox Cleri, &c. Among other works here cited as concurring in this 
judgment is Patriarcha: or the Natural Power of Kings, Lend. 1680, 
8vo, by the Learned Sir Robert Filmer Baronet, " one of the most 
learned and loyal Gentlemen of the last Age, who as the Author of 
the Epistle Dedicatory to his Grace the present Duke of Beaufort 
(Edm. Bohun) says of him, dared to be true to the Crown when his 

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Fidelity could entitle him to Nothing, hut the glory of Hying and dying 
a Good Suhject, with the hazard of his Life and Fortunes." His 
^^ Power of Kings and in particular of the King of England," Lond. 
1648-1680, concludes thus : — " The Councel of Many wise men may 
be better than of One ; but to resolve, determine, and to command. One 
will always perform it better than Many ; He which hath advisedly 
digested all their Opinions, will soon resolve without contention : the 
which many cannot easily perform : it is necessary to have a Soveraign 
Prince, which may have Power to resolve and determine of the 
Opinions of his Council." He wrote several other political works, 
e.g. The Anarchy of a Limited and Mixed Monarchy ; in answer to 
Phil. Huttons Treatise on Monarchy, 8vo. Lond. 1646, 1648, 1679. 
Observations concerning the Original of Government against Hobbes, 
Milton, Grotius, Hutton, &c., 4to. Lond. 1652. The Freeholders 
Grand Inquest touching the King and his Parliament, written by Sir 
Richard Hobhouse, 8vo. Lond. 1679. Defense against the Mistakes 
and Misrepresentations of Algernon Sidney Esq. in a Paper delivered 
by him to the Sherifs upon the Scaffold in Tower Hill, on Friday 
December 7, 1683, before his Execution there, fol. Lond. 1684. 
Sidney's Paper will be found in State Tracts 1660-1689. The most 
celebrated of his works, the ^' Patriarcha," in which the author derives 
all power from paternal authority and from Adam, occasioned some of 
the best works on government not only in this country but likewise 
on the continent, e.g. Locke's Two Treatises of Government In the 
former, the false Principles and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer and 
his Followers are detected and overthrown. The latter, an Essay 
concerning the true Original Extent and End of Civil Government, 
8vo Lond. 1690. Sir James Tyrrel's Patriarcha non Monarcha. 
The Patriarch Unmonarch'd: being Observations on a late Treatise 
and diverse other Miscellanies, published under the name of Sir R. F. 
Bart, In which the falseness of those Opinions that would make 
Monarchy Jure Divino are laid open; and the true Principles of 
Government and Property (especially in our Kingdom) asserted. 8vo 
Lond. 1681. Algernon Sidney's Discourses concerning GU>vemment, 
foL Lond. 1698. 

On the doctrine of an Original Contract, or Compact, the following 

works may also be consulted : — 

^^ ^ Lex, Bex : The Law and the Prince. A Dispute for the just Prerogative 

of King and People. Containing the Reasons and Causes of the most 

necessarf Defensive Wars of the Kingdom of Sootland, and of their 

Expedition for the ayd and help of their Dear Brethren of England. 

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In which their Innooencjr is asserted, and a AiU answer is given to a 

Seditions Pamphlet, Intituled, Saoro-sancta Begum Majestas, or The 

Sacsed and B^al Pr^oeatiye of Christian Kings ; under the name of 

J. A. But penned by Jo. Maxwell the Excommunicate P. Prelat. 

With a Soripturall Confutation of the Ruinous Grounds of W. Barclay, 

H. Ghrotius, H. Amissus, Ant. de DomL P. Bishop of Spalato, and of 

other late Anti-Magistratical Royalists ; as, The Author of Ossorianum, 

D. Fern, £. Symmons, the Doctors of Aberdeen &c. By Samuel 

Rutherford. 4to Loud. 1644-1657. Anon. 

Ordered to be burnt by the hands of the common hangman. See Craig's 

Right of Succession, Pref. 1703. In pp. 111-16 is discussed this Question, 

Whether or no the King be uniyocally, or only analogically, and by proportion 

a father? 

The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates ; proTing that it is lawful, and hath ^ « 

been held so tlm>ugh all ages, for any who hare the power, to call to 

account a Tyrant or wicked King, and after due conriction to depose 

and put him to death, if the orainary Magistrate haye n^lected or 

denied to do it. By John Milton. 4to 1660 

A Sermon preached at Scoon in Scotland, Jan. 1, 1651, at the Coronation of 

Charles the Second. By Robert Dowglas, Minister at Edinburgh, 

Moderator of the Commission of the G^eral Assembly. l&O 

Reprinted in the first volume of the Phenix. ^^ H^^ 

De (x)rpore Politico, or the Elements of Law, Moral and Politick. By 

Thomas Hobbes. 8yo Lond. 1660. Leyiathan, or the Matter, Fonn 

and Power of a Commonwealth Ecclesiastical and CiyiL By the same. 

Fol. Lond. 1661. A Dialogue between a Philosopher and a Student of 

the Common Laws of Englimd. By the same. 1681. Moral and Poll* 

tical Works of T. H. with his Life. FoL Lond. 1750. Edited by Sir 0« L 

William Molesworth, 11 yolnmes 8yo. Lond. 1889 

See Worthington's Diary, part L p. 277, note. 

The Art of Lawgiying, in three Books. The first, shewing the foundations 

and superstructure of all kinds of GK>yemment. The second, shewing 

the Frames of the Commonwealths of Israel and of the Jews. The 

third, shewing a Model fitted to the present State or Balance of this 

Nation. 1669. In Toland's edition of Sir John Harrington's Works. 

Fol, 1700. Also in the same yolume, written not by Harrington but h» w 

John Hall, The Grounds and Reasons of Monarchy oonsidcnr'd uid ex- ^* ^^ 

emplify'd in the Scotish Line, &o. 

On Hobbes' and Harrington's Models of Gt>yemment see Tenison's Epistle 

Dedicatory to his Examination of Hobbes's Creed Examined. 4to Lond. 1670 

A Brief History of the Succession of the Crown of England, &o., collected C |L« 
out of the Records of the most authentiok Historians. 
From a Folio, printed in the year 1688-9. In State Tracts 1660-89, foL 
1693, part i. p. 883, and in the Harleian Miscellany ,yol. i. n. 448. This treatise 
was answered by the intrepid adyocate of an indefeasible hereditary ri^ht of 
the Crown, Robert Brady, in A True and Exact History of the Succession of 
the Crown of England, iui. Lond. 1681. The Second Edition much inlarged. 
Together with Ejections upon the Bill of Exclusion, and a full and satisfius- 
&ctory Answer to Mr. Hunt s Argument in his Postscript about the succession 
of the Children of Robert the Second, King of Scotland, by Elizabeth Mure his 
pretended Concubine and Eu&me his Wife. One of the Three Tracts of the 
Author's Introduction to the Old English History. Fol. Lond. 1684. There 
was another Answer, entitled, The Great Point of Succession Discussed. 

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«w An Essay on the Original and Nature of GoTemment. By Sir William 

♦ *♦ Temple. Written in the year 1672. VoL L of Misoellaaea^ pp. 55-82. 

8to 1706 

Both Hobbes and his adyersary Cumberland, Sanderson, Overall, and 

Paley, the advocates of divine right, as well as Sir W. Temple, were of opinion 

that civil government originated in Patriarchal power. 

ff« tL« ^® Tryall of Dr. Henry SachevereU before the House of Peers for High 

Crmies and Misdemeanours, &o. Fol. 1710 

^ Especially the Extracts from Divines, pp. 154-186. 

On the tendency of Dr. Sacheverell*s Sermons see A New Catechism with 
Dr. Hickes's Thirty-nine Articles, in the twelfth vol. of Somers Tracts, p. 178. 
Scripture Politicks ; or an impartial Account of the Origin and Measures of 
Government, ecclesiastical and civil, taken out of the Books of the Old 
0^ H^^ and New Testament. With a Postscript relating to the Beport of the 
Committee of Convocation about the Bishop of Bangor^s Preservative 
and Sermon before the King. To which is subjoined The Supposal, or 
a New Scheme of GK>vemment. By William Whiston. 8vo 1717 
0« H^ Lord Bolmgbroke*s Dissertation on Parties, in vol. ii. his Works. 4to 1764 
A Treatise of the Social Compact ; or the Principles of Politic Law, trans- 
lated from the French of John James Bousseau* 12mo Lond. 1763 
An Utopian government ! See Coleridge's Friend, vol. i. p. 824, On the 
€hrounds of Government as laid exclusively in the Pure Reason $ or a state- 
ment and critique of the Theory of Rousseau and the French Econo- 
mists. '*A11 the different philosophical systems of political justice," says 
Coleridge, '*all the Theories on the rightful Origin of Government are redu- 
cible in the end to three classes, correspondent to the three different points of 
view, in which the Human Beine itself may be contemplated." The system of 
Hobbes ascribes the origin and continuance of Government to fear. The 
second system derives it from human prudence, the invisible powers of our 
nature, whose immediate presence is disclosed to our inner sense. The third 
and last system denies all rightful origin to government except as far as it is 
derivable from principles contained in the R^son of Man, and judges all the 
relations of men in society by the laws of moral necessity, which is the common 
duty of all men. Coleridge declares himself an adherent of the second sys- 
tem, in which the human being is considered as an animal gifted with under- 
standing, or the faculty of suiting measures to circumstances. This theory 
appears to be supported by Aristotle, who ascribes Government to connate 
prmciples or moral sentiments, those life-blent characteristics of humanity by 
which it is instinctively impelled as well to civil as to domestic society. The 
origin and constitution of Human Society, considered as the necessaiy result 
of the physical and moral conditions impressed on our nature by the Creator, 
is beautifully exhibited in the fifth, sixth and seventh chapters of Dr. Chalmers* 
Bridfewater Treatise $ and in the sixth Lecture of Archbishop Whateley's Po- 
Uticu Economy. 
Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England, first edit. 4to Oxf. 
1766-69. Book i. chap. 6. 
** As to the terms of the original contract between king and people, these 
I apprehend to be now couched in the coronation oath, which by the statute 
1 W. and M. st. i. c. 6 is to be administered to every king and queen, who 
shall succeed to the imperial crown of these realms, by one of the archbishops 
or bishops of the realm, in the presence of all the people ; who on their parts 
do reciprocally take the oath of allegiance to the crown.'* 
i» g| The Spiritual and Temporal Liberty of Subjects in England, Ac By An- 
^'^^ thony EUys, D.D. 4to Lond. 1766. Part ii. pp. 226-257. 

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Lord Hardwiek*! State Papers, yoL ii. p. 401, " Notes of what passed in the ^^ ^ 

Conyention upon the day the question was moyed in the House of 

Commons oonoeming the Abdication of King James II., the 28th of 

Jan. 1688-9. ^ 2 yob 4to 1778 

The doctrine of ^ooker, Aquinas and Snarez will be found in Hallam's 

Literature of Europe, part iy. chap. 4, part iiL chap. 4. 

Some of the objections which haye been urged against the doctrine of the 
Social Contract are noticed by Whewell in the second yolume of *< The Elements 
of Morality, including Polity," Lond. 1848. See also Burke's ** Appeal from 
the New to the Old Whigs.'^ 

In opposition to the notion of an original Contract and in favonr of 
the Divine Right of Kings, the following works may be consulted : — 
The Rebels* Catechism ; composed in an easy and familiar way to let them 
see the heinousness of their offence, the weakness of their strongest subter- 
fuges, and to recall them to their duties both to Gbd and Man. 4to 1648 

In the Harleian Miscell. yol. yii. p. 434. ^^ H^ 

Bishop Sanderson's Preface to Usher " On the Power of the Prince," ut 

Sacrosancta Regnm Maiestas; or the Sacred and Royal Prerogative of 
Christian Kings. Wherein Sovereignty is by Holy Scriptures, reverend 
Antiquity and sound Reason asserted, by discussing of five Questions. 
And the Puritanical, Jesuitical, Anti-Monarchical Grounds are dis- ^ S 
proved, and the untruth and weakness of their new deyised State-prin- 
ciples are discovered. 4to Oxon, 1644 : 8vo Lond. 1680 
An example of a royalty thus emanating directly from on high is seen in 
the line of David established on the throne of Judah ; and a claim to a resem- 
blance to this right is expressed or implied in the language of Oriental 
monarchs, and of many princes of the house of Stuart (see A Defence of the 
Right of Kings by James I.) and of the house of Bourbon. " It is," writes 
Xjouis XIY. (see his M^moires Historiques in the second and third yolumes of 
his works, 6 vols. 8vo 1806), " the will of Heayen who has given kings "to man 
that they should be revered as his yicegerents, he haying reserved to himself 
alone the right to scrutinise their conduct." On the doctrine of the Jesuits, 
the Majesty of the People, see Baxter's Key for Catholics, edit, by Allport, 
1839, p. 412. 
The Serpent-Salye ; or a Remedy for the Biting of an Aspe. Wherein the 
Obseryators Grounds are discussed and plainly discovered to be un- 
sound, seditious, not warranted by the Laws of God, of Nature, or of 
Nations, and most repugnant to the known Laws and Customs of this 
Realm, &c. First printed in the year 1643. The Catching of the Le- 
viathan ; or the Gbeat Whale. Demonstrating out of Mr. Hobbs his 
own Works, That no man who is thoroughly an Hobbist, can be a sood 
Christian, or a eood Commonwealths-man, or reconcile himself to him- 
self. Because his Principles are not only destructive to all Reb'gion, 
but to all Societies : extinguishing the Relation between Prince and 
Subject, Parent and Child, Master and Servant, Husband and Wife; 
and abound with palpable contradictions. 1658. Schism Guarded, and 
beaten back upon the Right Owners, &c. Sect. v. 1658. By John 
Bramhall, D.D., Abp. of Armagh. Folio, Dubl. 1677. 5 voll. 8vo. ^ m 
Lib. of Anglo-Cath. Theology. Oxf. 1842-46. 
Three Sermons, preached at Lancaster, and in the late Ghiild of Preston. ^^ ||^ 
Wherein the nature of Subjection to the Civil Magistrate is explained, 
the duty proved, and the Clergy justified in pressing the same upon 

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their Fellow-Subjeots. By Thomas G-ipps, Rector of Boxy in Lanca- 
shire, Chaplain to the Right Honourable the Earl of Darby. 4to 

Lond. 1683. 

A Defence of Sir Robert Filmer against the Mistakes and Representations 

of Algernon Sidney Esq. ; in a Paper deUyered by him to the Sheriffl 

upon the Scaffold, &o. By Edmund Bohnn. 1684 

Among the upholders of the patriarchal theory may be mentioned Chrys- 

ostom, Bp. Andrews and the Caroline Divines (see Hurd's sixth Dialogue), 

fleury, Bossuet and their followers in France. (See Sir James Stephen s 

Lectm^e on the History of France, toI. il., ** The Absolute Monarchy of Louis 


*< It was," writes Hallam in his Constitutional History of England, '* at 
this time [1685] that the unirersity of Oxford published their celebrated 
decree against pernicious books and damnable doctrines, enumerating as such 
above twenty propositions, which they anathematized as false, seditious and 
impious. The first of these is, that all ciyil authority is derived originally 
from the people ; the second, that there is a compact, tacit or express, between 
the king and his subjects : and others follow of the same description. They 
do not explicitly condemn a limited monarchy, like Filmer, but evidently 

adopt his scheme of primogenitary right, which is incompatible with it 

This decree was pubhcly burned by an order of the house of lords in 1709 ; 
nor does there seem to have been a single dissent in that body to a step that 
cast such a stigma on the university. But the disgrace of the offence was 
greater than that of the punishment." This decree will be found in State 
Tnots from the year 1660 to 1689, part ii. p. 154 ; Collier's Ecclesiastical 
History of Gbeat Britain, vol. ii. p. 902 ; Sacheverell's Tryall, p. 162 ; Somers 
Tracts, vol. viiL p. 420. 
C* IL* Hickes's Jovian, ut tupra. Especially the PreflAoe. 

YindiciiB Juris Regii, or Remarks upon a Paper entitled, An Enquiiy into 
the measures of Submission to the Supreme Authority. By Jeremy 
Collier. 4to 1689. Dr. Sherlock's Case of Allegiance considiu^, with 
some Remarks upon his Yindication. By the same. 4to 1691. A 
Persuasive to Consideration, tendered to the Royalists, particularly 
those of the Church of England. By the same. 4to 1693. 
0* K^ Sir Thomas Craig's Right of Succession to the Kingdom of England against 

the Sophisms of Parsons the Jesuite, &o. FoL Lond. 1703. Especially 
chap, xviii. 
" One of the contrivances of the Jesuits was by searching into the origin 
of civil power, which they brought rightly, though for this wicked purpose, 
from the people ; for the^ concluded that if the original power could be shown 
to have no divine right, but to be of human, and even popular institution, the 
Uberty which the pope took in deposing would be less invidious : thus the Je- 
suits reasoned. The argument was pushed with great vigour by Harding and 
his brethren in Elizabeth's reign, out afterwa^ with more learning and 
address by BeUarmine, Mariana and others. (Note. This notion was stated 
even so early as Henry's rejection of the supremacy. Cardinal Pole insists 
strongly on this origin of kingship in his book. Pro eccdesiastice unitatis defen- 
sione, lib. i. p. 74.) To combat this dangerous position so prejudicial to the 
power of kings and which was meant to justiff^ the attempts of violence on 
the lives of heretical princes, the Protestant divines went mto the other ex- 
treme, and to save the person of their sovereign, preached up the doctrine of 
Divine Richt. Hooker, superior to every prejudice, followed the truth. But 
the xest of our reforming and reformed divines stuck to the other opinion, 
which, as appears from the Homilies, the Institution of the Christian Man, 

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and the general stream of writings in those dajs, became the opinion of the 
church, and was indeed the received Protestant doctrine." — Hnrd's Moral 
and Political Dialogues, toL ir. p. 61. 

Hume's Essays. 4to Lond. vol. i. part ii. Essay lii. 

Paley's Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy, Book ri. chap. i. 
The arguments amnst the theory of an original contract are stated with 
great ability in chap. liL But, as Coleridge obsores, " the contempt lavished 
by him on the notion of an original contract, though sufficiently compatible 
with the tenets of a Hume, will seem strange to us in the writings of a Pro- 
testant clergyman, who surely owed some respect to a mode of thinking which 
God himself had authorized by his own example, in the establishment of the 
Jewish constitution." These arguments will also be found in Bishop Sander- 
son's Preface to Usher ** On the Power of the Prince," § 15-18. 

I shall Dot attempt to giye the golden chain of champions of 

monarchy from the Heroic ages down to our own days. Some Jinks 

will be found in Mackenzie's Jus Regium (ut supra p. 7) and Duport s 0« IL* 

Gnomologia Homerica ad Iliad. 2, v. 204. 

OvK aryaOov irokvKOLphvlri' eh KoLpavo^ Sara 

EU l5aaiXev<i etc. 
There are now living two eminent monarchists, Guizot and Palgrave. 
The former, in his Lectures on European Civilization, has accurately 
distinguished the yarieties of regal power which have preyailed at 
different periods, Barbarian, Imperial or Roman, Feudal, Religious, 
and Constitutional. 

On the Divine Bight see also Hay ward's Life and Baigne of Henrie the 
iiii., pp. 101-110, 4to Lond. 1599 ; Wolley's Loyalty amongst Rebels ; The 
True Royalist, or Hushay the Archite, Lond. 1662. For other authorities on 
both sides see Dr. Dodcbidce's Lectures. Hooker, Baxter, Horsley, Burke^ 
and Paley contended that all government is in such sort of divine institution 
that be the form of any particular eovemment what it may, the submission of 
the individual is a pnncipal bran^ of that religious duty which each man 
owes to God; but the principles which they advanced ascribed no greater 
sanctity to monarchy than to any other form of established government. See 
Wordsworth's Christian Institutes, voL iii. 

I shall conclude this digression into the field of Political Philo- 
sophy with a list of Tracts on non-resistance and passive obedience. 
Their name is Legion, but I shall confine it to those works which, 
having been collected in the State Tracts referred to in p. 9 and 0«9r* 
similar publications, are easily accessible — 

Memorial to the Prince and Princess of Orange. By Major WQdman. YoL 
L p. 86. An Enquiry into the present State of AfTairs, &c By Dr. G-. Bur- 
net, pp. 128-183. A Justification of the Prince of Orange's Descent, pp. 134 
-148. Some Remarks upon Government, and particularly upon the Establish- 
ment of the English Monarchy, relating to this present Juncture. In two 
Letters, written by and to a Member of the Gbeat Convention, pp. 149-62, 
Four Questions Debated, pp. 163-66. Important Questions of State, Law. 
Justice and Prudence, both civil and religious, pp. 167-74. Short Consideca- 

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tions relating to the Settling of the Goyernment, pp. 176-78. The Prooeed* 
ings of the Present Parliament justified by the Opinion of H. Grotius, pp. 
178-84. A Defence of their Majesties K. William and Q. Mary, pp. 186-208. 
A Defence of the Proceedings of the Late Parliament, anno 1689, pp. 209-216. 
A Disoonrse of the Nature of the present Conrentions in both Kingdoms, pp. 
218-24. The Supremacy Debated, or The Authority of Parliaments (for- 
merly owned by Romish Clergy) the Supremest Power, Ac., pp. 231-36. A 
Letter from a French Lawyer to an English Gentleman upon the present 
Revolution, p. 236. Reflections upon the Ghreat Reyolution. Written by a 
Lay-Hand in the Country, pp. 242-66. The Advantages of the Present Settle- 
ment and Danger of a Relapse, pp. 266-80. The Nullity of King James's 
Title, pp. 280-84. A Dialogue between a Jacobite and a Williamite, pp. 
286-300. Examination of the Scruples about the Oath of Allegiance, pp. 
300-18. The Case of Allegiance oonsider*d. By Samuel Masters, B.D. pp. 
318-33. Some Considerations touching Succession and Allegiance, pp. 334-40. 
The Case of the Oaths Stated, pp. 340-47. Non-resistance and Passive Obe- 
dience no way concerned in the present Controversies. By Edm. Bohun. pp. 
347-67. The Doctrine of Passive Obedience and Jure Divino disproved, and 
Obedience to the present Gt>vemment prov'd from Scripture, Law and Reason, 

?p. 368-71. The Letter which was sent to the Author of the Doctrine of 
^assive Obedience, &c. answered and refuted, pp. 371-86. Political Aphor- 
isms, or the true Maxims of Gt>vernment displayed. By way of Challenge to 
Dr. William Sherlock and Ten other new Dissenters : and recommend^ as 
proper to be read by all Protestant Jacobites, pp. 386-402. Agreement be- 
tween the present and former Gbvemment, pp. 409-39. A Resolution of 
certain Queries concerning Submission to the Government, pp. 439-66. Re- 
flections upon the Opinions of some Modem Divines concerning the Nature of 
Government in general, and that of England in particular. With an Appendix, 
containing, I. The Seventy-fifth Canon of the Council of Toledo ; IL The 
original Articles in Latin, out of which the Magna Charta of King John was 
framed ; III. The True Magna Charta of King John in French ; by which the 
Magna Charta in Matth. Paris is clear'd and Justify'd, and the Alterations in 
the Common M. C. disoover'd. All three i^nglished. By P.[eter] A[llix] 
D.D. pp. 466-641. An Historical Account of the English Government, sect. 
III. and sect. YI. A Discourse concerning the Unreasonableness of a new 
Separation on account of the Oaths. With an Answer to the History of Pas- 
sive Obedience, so far as relates to them. By Bishop Stillingfleet. pp. 698- 
614. AYindication of the Same. By J. Williams, D.D. pp. 616-30. A 
Letter writ by a Clergyman against the New Separation, pp. 631-634. 

y ol. iL — An Answer to the late King James's Declaration to all his 
pretended Subjects in the Kingdom of England, pp. 61-70. Plain English : 

e^ or an Inquiry concerning the Real and Pretended Friends to the English 

• *•* Monarchy. With an Appendix concerning the Coronation Oath administered 

to King James the Second, pp. 79-95. Answer to Mr. Ashton's Paper [by 
Dr. Edward Fowler ?], pp. 104-16. Reflections upon K. James's Letter to his 
Privy Counsellors, pp. 234-42. A Letter to a Friend conoemine a French 
Invasion, pp. 243-62. A Second Letter, pp. 253-66. The Earl of Warring- 
ton's Charge, pp. 342-46. A Dialogue between Whig and Tory, pp. 371-92. 
An Inquiry into the Nature and Obligation of Legal Rights, pp. 392-412. 
An Essay concerning Obedience to the Supreme Powers and the Duty of 
Subjects in all Revolutions, pp. 431-61. An Essay concerning the Laws of 
Nations and the Bights of Sovereigns, pp. 462-76. A Defence of the Arch- 
bishop's Sermons on the Death of the Queen, &c. &c. pp. 522-38. Argument 
shewing. That a Standing Army is inconsistent with a Free Gt)vemment, &c. 
[by John Trenchard], pp. 664-613. A Letter against Restraining the Pran» 
pp. 614-26. 

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Vol. iii. — The Kerolntion yindicated ; in an Answer to the two Memo- ^ 
rials, and the Protestation against the Peace treated at Reswick, and other ^« s^ 
Papers published in the late Sling James's Name. In which particularly the 
Matter of the Abdication, or the Sense in which £ing James is said to haye 
abdicated, is more fully explained than has yet been done, pp. 694-728. 

The Declaration of his Highness, Wilfiam Henry, Prince of Orange, &c. 
Of the Reasons inducing him to appear in Arms in the Kingdom of England, 
for preserring of the Protestant Religion, and for restoring the Laws and 
Liberties of England, Scotland and Ireland, is given entire in the Tryall of 
Dr. Sachererell, pp. 179-185. State Tracts, 1660-89. Part ii., pp. 420-26. 
The opinion of Grotius referred to in the first yolume, wt sv^ra^ was that our 
non-resistance should be ever measured by the intention of those who first 
framed the society. " The Rights of War and Peace," b. i. c. iy. s. 7. See 
also Puffendorf **de Jure Natuns et Gentium," lib. yii. o. 7, s. 7. '*The 
maxim. Fiat Jnstitia et ruat Goslum, let justice be performed though the 
universe be destroyed, is apparently false, and by sacrificing the end to the 
means, shews a preposterous idea of the subordination of duties." Hume's . 
Essm, xiii.. On Passive Obedience. 

The political Treatises of Samuel Johnson, Chaplain to Lord Russel, were 0« |L* 
collected in one volume, folio, 1710, e,g. Julian toe Apostate ; being an Ac- 
count of his Life, and the sense of the primitive Christians about his Suc- 
cession, &c. (published in 1682). Julian's Arts to undermine and extirpate 
Christianity ; together with Answers to Constantius the Apostate, and Jovian 
(published in reply to Hickes's Jovian, 1689). Remarks on Dr. Sherlock's 
book, entitled. The Case of Resistance of the Supreme Powers stated and re- 
solved (published 1689). An Argument proving that the abrogation of King 
James was according to the Constitution of the English Government (pub- 
lished 1692) . Of Magistracy, Of Prerogatives by Divine Right, Of Obedience, 
Of Laws, published 1688, reprinted in State Tracts, pp. 1660-1689, part iL 
pp. 269-72, and in the Fifth Collection of Papers relating to the present 
Juncture of Affairs in England, 4to 1688). The Trial and Examination of a 
late Libel, ut infra. See Biographia Britannica. His Reflections on the 
History of Passive Obedience ^p. 261-56), in reply to Seller's History, tU 
inflra. * 

AU these inquiries are collectively discussed in ^ Bibliotheoa Politica ; or 
an Inquiry into the Ancient Constitution of the English Government." In 
thirteen Dialogues. Lond. 1694. The first dialogue relates to the question, 
whether monarchy be of divine right ? the second, whether hereditary succes- 
sion to crowns be a divine institution : the third, whether resistance of the 
supreme power by a whole nation, can be justified by the law of nature, or the 
gospel : the fourth, whether absolute non-resistance is enjoined by the gospel, 
or was the doctrine of the primitive church : the fifth, whether the king be 
the supreme legislative authority, and whether the parliament be a fiinda- 
mental part of the government, or proceeds from the favour of kings : the 
sixth, whether the commons of England was one ef the three estates of the 
kingdom, before the 4i^th of Hen^ III. : the seventh, the same question con- 
tinued : the eighth, continuation of the same subject : the ninth, whether by the 
ancient laws and constitution of this kingdom, as well as by the statutes of the 
18th and 14th of Charles II., all resistance of the king, or of those commis- 
sioned by him, is expressly forbidden upon any pretence whatsoever: the 
tenth, whether a king of England can ever fall from, or forfeit his royal dig- 
nity, for any breach of an original contract, or wilful violation of the ftmda- 
mental laws of the kingdom ; and whether King William the Conqueror did 
not acquire, by virtue of his conquest, an absolute and unoooditioned right to 

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the crown of these realms : the eleventh, in what sense ciidl powA is said to 
be deriyed from Gh>d, &c. : whether the appointment of William Prince of 
Orange be in accordance to the constitutional maxims of the EngUah Consti- 
tution : the twelfth and thirteenth dialogues are on matters of little public 

I find in '' The Law of Christ respecting Civil Obedience, espe- 
cially in the Payment of Tribute, &c., by John Brown D.D./* extracts 
on the Right of Resistance from numerous authorities, references to 
the most valuable of which I here subjoin : — 

Locke on Civil Government, chap. xix. Palej's Mor. and Pol. PhiL, book 
Ti. chap. iii. Hutcbeson's Elements of Ethics, book iiL M^Crie's Review of 
the first series of the Tales of my Landlord. Edinburgh Christian Listructor 
for 1817. '*We can appeal to divines and dignitaries of the Church of Eng- 
land, who have sanctioned the principles of resistance on which our ancestors 
acted — to Jewel, Hooker, Bilson, Bedel, Burnet, Hoadlj, and King. But 
this is unneoessaiy, as the whole convocation, the Church of England repre- 
sentative, in Elizabeth's reign, publicly acknowledged it 'glorious to assist 
subjects in their resistance to their sovereigns, and their endeavours to rid 
themselves of their tyranny and oppressions.' " Sir James Mackintosh's View 
of the Reign of James II. from his Accession to the Enterprise of the Prince 
of Orange, chap. x. Jus Populi ; or, a Discourse wherein dear satisfaction is 
|pven as well concerning the Right of Subjects as the Right of Princes : show- 
ing how both are consistent, and where they border one upon the other ; as 
also what there is divine and what there is humane in both ; and whether is of 
more value and extent, pp. 63-65, 4to Lond. 1664. It has been ascribed, 
obviously in mistake, to Milton. 

**The reader," adds Dr. Brown, " who wishes to see wliat can be said against 
a principle which is so powerfully supported in these extracts, and in favour of 
its opposite, will do well to consult a small but most elaborate dissertation, in 
the form of a sermon, entitled Passive Obedience, or the Christian Doctrine of 
not resisting the Supreme Power, proved and vindicated upon the Principles 
of the Law of Nature, in a discourse preached at the College Chapel, by Q^orge 
Berkeley, M.A., Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin, (afterwards Bishop of 
Cloyne). ' Nee vero aut per senatum aut per populum solvi hao lege pos- 
simus.' — Cic. fragm. de rep. Lond. 1713. This without doubt, and beyond 
comparison, the ablest dexence of Passive Obedience and Non-resistance on 
philosophical principles consistent with revelation, is a curious display of the 
characteristic extreme acuteness, yet unsoundness of the mind of its singularly 
gifted and most estimable author — 'ingeniosa et sagax hariolatio viri diser- 
tissimi.' The scriptural argument in favour of these doctrines is fully stated 
in Dean Sherlock's * Case of Resistance,' &c. . . . And the argument nrom the 
doctrine and practice of the primitive Christians may be found in Archbishop 

Usher's tract, entitled. The Power communicated by God, &c Few 

questions have been more thoroughly discussed. A specimen of the advocacy 
of what we regard as the right side is presented to the reader, and it is but 
justice to say that if that si£ of it which we consider untenable has been dis- 
graced by the impiety of Hobbes and the unprincipled meanness of Parker — 
the learning of Usher, the judgment of Sanderson, the wit of South, the subtilty 
and candour of Berkeler, and the sanctity of Ken, are more than enough to 
entitle to careful consideration any principle which they entertained,' &c. 
^ %» Abednego Seller, in his History of Passive Obedience since the Reformation, 

4to Amsterdam, 1689, maintained that the Church of England " in contradis- 
tinction both to Papists and to Dissenters has constantfy asserted the prin- 
ciples of Obedience to Princes, as the beet ages of Christianity practised it." 

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Hurd's remark cited mipra^ p. S7, on the opinion of most of our reforming 
and reformed Divines, is illustrated also in Jovian (chap. 10), in which are 
produced not onlj Statutes and Judgments of Conyooations, but numerous 
authorities both legal and ecclesiastical. Kettlewell, in his Treatise on Chris- 
tianity, A Doctrine of the Cross ; or, Passive Obedience under any pretended 
Invasions of Regal Rights and Liberties (in the second volume of his Works, 
foL Lond. 1719), adduces also the Statutes, and concludes, p. IBl : ''By all 
which I conceive it plainly appears, 1. that the Two Houses sit with the King 
in Parliament, and concur in making laws, not as co-ordinate Powers that are 
equal to him, but as subordinate under him ; not in place of Sovereiffns, but of 
Subjects under him, their sole Sovereign." The theory of a co-ordinate mo- 
narchy had been adopted to justify the war which the two houses were wasing 
against King Charles I., and is the subject of a short pamphlet, entitlec^ A 
fuUer Answer to a Treatise written b^ Dr. Feme, entitled, "The Resolving of 
Conscience," 1642, 4to., the writer of which, according to Dr. Wordsworth, in 
Christian Institutes, vol. iii. p. 14, was Charles Herle, rector of Winwick in 
Lancashire, one of the licensers of the press under the two houses, a member of 
the Assembly of Divines, &c. &c. The subordination of the Three Estates of 
Scotland, Lords temporal and spiritual, and Commons, is zealously advocated 
in Abercromby's Martial Atchievements of the Scots Nation, folio, Edinb. 
1716. See Index in vol. ii. s.v. Antimonarchical Authors Confuted, (Gboige 
Ridpath, &c.) 

On the other side Sir Robert Howard, in the History of the Reigns of 
Edward and Richard II., Lond. 1690, q^uotes reformed Divines asserting and 
supporting a contrary doctrine, viz. Zumglius, Calvin, Bucer, Peter Martyr, 
Parous, S/a. (as we are frequently reminded by Papal writers, e.g. Brereley or 
Anderton, Parsons, Patenson) ; extracts the original agreement in Magna 
Charta, and the opinion of Braoton and Fortescue; and subjoins m>m 
Hooker*s Ecclesiastical Polity the rationale of civil governments, according to 
which they have only an executive government committed to them by the peo- 
ple, in which he was defended by Bishop Hoadlev — after Locke the most 
formidable adversary of the Patriarchal Scheme of Filmer, vol. ii. pp. 260-86. 

31. A new test of the Church of England's loyalty. 0« 1L» 

pp. 8, 4to Lond. 1687 

In the ninth vol. of the Somers Tracts, p. 195. 

" Hitherto we have only seen the most decent part of the controversy, 
which at this time raged between the King and the Church of England, when 
they stood forth on each side in their own characters, and for that reason 
were obliged to observe decorum ; but in the two following pieces (A New 
Test and Some Considerations, &c.) or in the first of them at least, we shall 
find that the same temper and decency were not always observed. The Church 
of England, it is plain, could not act up to her own professions, and the mo- 
ment she hesitated, the king forgot her services. In the expostidations 
that followed, the gall of each party overflowed ; and, as on the one hand, 
the courtiers would not allow the churchmen to be loyal, so, on the other, the 
churchmen were resolved not to lose the first opportunity that ofitsred to make 
the courtiers eat their words, or, if not, to make them sensible that they had 
g^ven them a sufficient provocation to be otherwise." Somers* Tracts, vol. ix. 
p. 195. 

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C* 1^ 32. A reply to the new test of the church of England^s loyalty. 

pp. 8, 4to Lond. 1687 

C* tL» 33. The new test of the church of England's loyalty examined by 
the old test of truth and honesty. pp. JO, 4to 1687 

" But however who can endure to hear Papists crying up Modera- 
tion, and exclaiming against Sanguinary Laws ? For this is for the 
Kettle to accuse the Pot of Blackness," p. 5. See the thirteenth 
chapter of Puller s Moderation of the Church of England, 8vo Lond. 
1679. New edition, hy the Rev. Rohert Eden, M.A., P.S.A., Lond. 
1843. Grays (Bampton Lecture) Sermons on the Principles upon 
which the Reformation of the Church of England was established. 
1796. See Serm. VIL Conf. Mendham's Pius V., pp. 62 et seq. 

34. * An instance of the church of England's loyalty. 4to 1687 

In the ninth vol. of the Somers Tracts : — - " This is another arrow 

from the same quiver which afforded the New Test of the Church of 

England's loyalty. It rips open the history of Mary Queen of Scots, 

and is obviously the work of some angry catholic." p. 203. 


B,M. 36. ^ A reply to the two answers of the new test of the church of 

England's loyalty.' 4to 1687 

0* %• 36. Reflections upon the new test and the reply thereto; with a 
letter of Sir Francis Walsingham's concerning the penal laws 
made in the reign of Q. Elizabeth. (Sir F. W.'s Letter to 
Monsieur Critoy concerning the Qjieen's proceedings against 
both Papists and Puritans.) pp. 20, 4to 1687 

Respecting Queen Elizaheth's ''grace towards such as in her wis- 
dom she knew to he Papist in conscience, and not faction and singu- 
larity," dilated on in Sir F. Walsingham's Letter, and, on the other 
hand, " the undutiful and traitorous affection home against her Majesty 
by her Roman Catholic subjects," I shall give the testimonies not only 
of Protestants but of those who are represented as persecuted, in 
chronological order ^ because the lenity of the Queen and the Govern- 
ment for the first ten years of her reign is acknowledged by Parsons 
himself, and in the works of the Secular Priests ut infra; and the 
institution of a seminary at Douay in 1569, followed by another at 

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Rome ten years later, which together sent three hundred priests into 
the English harvest (as Rishton in his Continuation of Sanders de 
Schism. Angl. relates) with the deposing hull of Pius V. (dated by 
Sanders February 27, 1569-70; by Catena in his Italian translation 
of it in his Life of Pius V. February 25, and 5 Kal. Martii 1570 in 
the Bullarium Magnum) would naturally make some difference in the 
views and conduct of tbe English Government. At the same time 
the books here referred to will be found to contain a ** Vindication " 
of the English Catholics under Queen Elizabeth. 

A Bull granted by the Pope to Dr. Harding and others, by recon- 
cilement and assoyling of English Papistes, to undermine Faith and 
Allegiance to the Queue; with a true Declaration of the Invention 
and Truthes thereof, and a Warning of Perils thereby imminent not 
to be neglected. By Thomas Norton. The bull is dated " anno 1567, 
die Jouis, 14 Aug." This and several similar articles by Norton were 
printed by John Daye, all without dates. See Watt, s. v. Norton, and 
the British Librarian, p. 1042 ; also Archceologia, vol. xxxvi. pp. 105-1 9. 

A Vie we of a seditious Bui sente into Englande from Pius Qnintus, 
Bishop of Rome, Anno 1569. By John Jewel, Bp. of Salisbury. 
^* Bishop Jewel has left some able and eloquent strictures upon the 
manifesto of Pius V. in his View of a Seditious Bull, &c. Scarcely 
any portion is more remarkable for his characteristic excellences than 
that in which he chastised the low-minded reflexion of the pontiff 
upon the shelter afforded to the unhappy persons whom he perse- 
cuted out of his country, and who, he would be doubly mortified to 
find, had escaped his fury by finding an asylum in the dominions of 
the British Queen. And yet it appears from the orders for enquiry 
by Elizabeth and the Archbishop of Canterbury that great care was 
taken in this work of exemplary charity to distinguish between those 
who came into the country for conscience sake and those who came 
from improper motives." See Wilkins' Concilia, vol. iv. pp. 254-5 ; The 
Life and Pontificate of Saint Pius the Fifth, &c., by the Rev. Joseph 
Mendham M.A., Lond. 1832 ; Cf. Pantin's Observations on Dr. Arnold's 
Christian Duty. See also Bishop Barlow's Bruttim Fulmen, or the 
Bull of Pope Pyis V., concerning the danmation, excommunication, 
and deposition of Q. Elizabeth, as also the absolution of her Subjects 
of their Oath of Allegiance, with a peremptory injunction upon Pain 
of an Anathema, never to obey any of her Laws or Commands ; with 
some Observations and Animadversions upon it. Whereunto is an- 
nex'd the Bull of Pope Paul the Third, containing the -damnation &c. 

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of King Henry the Eighth. *' A work," says Mendham, ^< of great 
origiDal research and value, and far from being superseded in the 
present age." 

The End and Confession of John Felton, the rank Traytor, who set 
yp the trayterous Ball on the Bishop of London's Gate, 4to Lond. 

1570. See Howell's State Trials, 1085. 

Nic. Sanderi de visibili Monarchia Ecclesiss, Libri viii., Lovanii, 

1571, Antw. 1581, Witeburg. 1592. It appears that this work of 
Father Sanders gave great uneasiness to the Government of Queen 
Elizabeth, on account of its advocating the deposing power of the 
Pope, and defending the Bull of Pius V. To counteract his designs, 
Elizabeth framed her Six Celebrated Questions, which were proposed 
to all Catholic missionaries, and to which Questions she required ex- 
plicit and satisfactory answers. Two of these Questions, the third 
and the fifth, applied to Father Sanders ; and the fifth especially re- 
lates to this work. See Butlers English Catholics. " In this book 
Sanders doth avow the bull of Pope Pius V. against Qu. Elizabeth to 
have been lawful, and afiirmeth that by virtue thereof one Dr. 
Moreton, an old fugitive and conspirator, was sent from Rome into the 
north parts of England, to stir up the first rebellion there, whereof 
Charles Nevile, Earl of Westmoreland, was head captain." — ^Wood, 
vol. i. col. 471. It is full of scurrilous abuse of England and English 
affairs. He wrote likewise Pro defeusione Excommunicadonis a 
Pio V. late in Anglise reginam, lib. i. Printed, but afterwards sup- 
pressed by the author. 

Barthol. Clerke, Fidelis Servi Subdito infideli Responsio, una cum 
Errorum et Calumniarum quarundam examine qus continentur in 
septimo libro de V. M. E. a N. S. conscripta, 4to Lond. 1573. For 
other works, written in reply to Sanders on the Papal Supremacy, see 
Walchii Bibl. Theolog. vol. ii. p. 210. 

A brief Treatise of diuerse plaine and sore Wayes to find out the 
Truthe in this doubtful and dangerous time of Heresie. By Richard 
Bristow D.D. 16mo Antw. 1574. This work, generally entitled Dr. 
Bristow's Motives, was reprinted Antw. 1599, 8vo; translated into 
Latin by Dr. Worthington 1608, 4to. The ^< particular Declaration," 
mentioned vnfra^ and Butler's Memoirs of the Catholics, give extracts 
from Bristow and from Sanders de V. M. E. " Whereby it is mani- 
fest they do miserably forget themselves, who feare not excommuni- 
cations of Pius quintus of holy memory, in whome Christ himselfe to 
have spoken and excommunicated a« in St. Paul, they might consider 

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by the mimcles that Christ by him as by St. Paul did worke." — 
Bristowe, in his Sixth Motive, fol. 31. Oliver Carter, a Fellow of 
Christ's College in Manchester, " writt a book in answer to Bristowe's 
Motives." — Hollingworth's History of Manchester. 

A treatise of Schism showing that all Catholics ought to abstain 
from Heretical Conventicles. By Gregory Martin. Dnaci 1578. 

^^ Anthoris porro ea mens est, eoque refert omnia, partim ut Begise 
Majestati snbjectos a parendi studio avocet, eosque tumultuosos et 
seditiosos efficiat, partim ut ipsa Regina tollatur e vita." Bridgewater s 
Concert, p. 129. See in reply Lingard's History, vol. vi. p. 683, and 
Tiemey's Dodd, vol. iv. Append, p. ccii. The Declaration of the 
Fathers of the Councill of Trent concerning the O^ing unto Churches 
at such time as Hereticall Seryice is said, or Heresy preached. Edited, 
with a Preface, by Eupator [the Rev. Joseph Mendham]. 12mo 
Lend. 1850. 

A Checke or Reproofe of M. Howlet's (Rob. Parsons') untimely 
Skreeching in her Majesty's Eares ; with an Answeare to the Reasons 
alleaged in a Discourse thereunto annexed, why Catholikes refuse to 
go to church ; wherein (amongst other things) the Papists traitorous 
and treacherous doctrine and demeanour towards our Soveraigne is 
some what at large upon occasion unfolded, their develish pretended 
conscience also examined, 4to Lend. 1581. 

See The British Librarian, ool. 1045. 

A Declaration of the true Causes of the great troubles presupposed 
to be intended agunst the Realme of Englaude, &c. By Robert Par- 
sons, 1581, 1592. 

One of the rarest and most interesting volumes relating to English 
history ever published. It was looked upon to be so dangerous a 
piece as to receive an answer from Bacon, under the title. Certain 
Observations upon a libel printed this present year, 1592. 

<< From Persons we may prove the necessity of the penal laws 
enacted under Elizabeth against a priesthood which had then openly 
made a league with persecution, with treason and with massacre." 
Southe/s Vindicise. 

The Execution of Justice in England for maintenaunce of publique 
and Christian Peace against certeine Stirrers of Sedition and Adhe- 
rents to the Traitours and Enemies of the Realme without any perse- 
cution of them for Questions of Religion, as is falsely reported and 
published by the Fautors and Fosterers of their Treasons ^c. By 
William Cecil, Lord Burgleigh. 1581. 

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Id the second volume of the Harleian Miscellany ; Somere' Tracts, 
vol. i. p. 192; Gihson's Preservative, vol. xvii. ; Stowe's Annals; and 
in a Collection of several Treatises concerning the reasons and occa- 
sions of the Penal Laws : i. The Execution, &c. ; ii. Important Con- 
siderations, tU infra; iii. The Jesuits' Reasons, &c., ut 9Upra^ p. viii. 
Printed 1 677, 1 687, 1 688. '' This is a defence of the penal laws against 
Catholics, instituted in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. These were 
chiefly occasioned by the violence of those Papists who acknowledged 
the bull of Pius V. excommunicating Queen Elizabeth, and absolving 
her subjects from their allegiance. In January 1581-2 a severe statute 
was passed, declaring those guilty of high treason who should dissuade 
English subjects from their allegiance, and from the established 
religion, or who should reconcile them to the church of Rome: and 
the same penalty of high treason was denounced against those who 
should be so dissuaded or reconciled. It is probable that this pamph- 
let, which has the air of being written by the royal command, was 
intended as a commentary on so severe an act. 

Great, and natural, and laudable anxiety is shown in this curious 
treatise, to draw a distinction between the executions made in Queen 
Mary's time, on account of religion alone, and those examples which 
Elizabeth had made amongst the Catholics, not on account of their 
abstract religious tenets, but because they had warped with them po- 
litical doctrines inconsistent with the safety of the state. Elizabeth 
was anxious to escape the reproach of persecution, and to show that 
in those priests who, acting on the bull of Pius V., endeavoured to 
excite her subjects against her, she punished, not the Catholic, but 
the traitor." Somers' Tracts, vol. i. 

^'For the complete vindication of this much injured princess (Q. 
Eliz.) from the main if not precisely every particular of her alleged 
offences, especially her conduct in respect of severity towards her papal 
subjects, it would be abundantly sufficient to refer any impartial reader 
to Lord Burleigh's Execution of Justice; to the generally received 
history of Europe at the time, particularly to the Life and Letters of 
Pius V. ; and for a modern historian, to Sharon Turner, who by travel- 
ling even out of the country to the real sources of what was transacting 
in it, has produced a more rational and just account of the reign of 
Elizabeth than ever appeared before in our language. I refer with 
much satisfaction to the elaborate biography of her most eminent 
minister, Lord Burgh ley, by Dr. Nares." Mend ham. 

Rationcs decern oblati Ccrtaminis rcdditee Aendemicis Anglice. Ah 

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Edmundo Campiano Soc. Jesa. 1581. Claramontanae 1583. Ro- 
cbelle 1585. Herbipol. 1589. Rorechachii 1606. Cadomi 1616. 
Colonis Agripinffi 1625. Antverp. 1631. Translated into English 

Campian's Rationes. or Reasons for embracing the Faith of Rome, 
addressed to the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, occasioned 
numerous replies and rejoinders from Wbitaker, Charke, Lawrence 
Humphrey, and from John Dorey or Durseus, also a member of the 
Society of Jesus, and Parsons. The reply provoked from Whitaker, 
1581, was translated by Richard Stoke under the title of ''Answer 
to the Ten Reasons of E. C. Jesuite, in confidence whereof he of- 
fered disputation to the Ministers of the Church of England in the 
controversy of Faith," 4to Lond. 1706. (See Raines's Lancashire.) 
It was also translated under the title of '' A seasonable Preservative 
against Popish Delusions. Or, an Answer," &c. To which is prefixed 
an Account as well of the Jesuit, as the Professor, together with some 
Remarks (subjoin'd to the Ten Reasons) upon a late boasted Per- 
formance, entitled. The Conversion and Reformation of the Church of 
England compard, &c. By Thomas Dawson, D.D. 8vo Lond. 1732. 
In his animadversions on the Preface, or the Letter sent by Campian 
to the two Universities, " The honour of our Schools and the angel of 
our Church, learned Whitaker, than whom our age saw nothing more 
memorable" [Bishop Hall] exclaims, ''But who are you and what's 
the religion you profess, that you take upon you to upbraid us with 
cruelty ? Hear me, dear Campian, and deny it, if you can. There 
have been more of u* destroy'd at one sentence, in one day, and at 
one fiery stake, by your Party than all that you can reckon up 
together amongst yourselves that suffer'd at different times, and by 
different punishments, for the Popish Cause, all this happy reign of 
Queen Elizabeth." Dorey's ^< Confutationes " [Paris 1582. Ingolst. 
1585] are inserted with a Rejoinder, in Whitnkeri 0pp. fol. Genevee, 

Concertatio Ecclesiae Catholicae in Anglia adversus Calvinopapistas 
et Puritanos sub Elizabetba Regina quorundam hominum doctrina et 
sanctitate illustrium renovata et recognita. Quae nunc de novo centum 
et eo amplius Martyrum, sexcentorumque insignium virorum rebus 
gestis variisque certaminibus, lapsorum Palinodiis, novis persecutorum 
edictis, ac doctissimis Catholicorum de Anglicano seu muliebri Pontifi- 
catu, ac Romani Pontificis in Principes Christianos auctoritate ; dispu- 
tationibus et defensionibus aucta, &c. A Joanne Aquapontano (John 

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Bridgewater.) Aug. Trev. 1594. [Firat edition 1583, second 1588, 
third 1594.] 

The first part contains, Duas Epistolas Edmundi Campiani [the 
original, in English, of that addressed to Everard Mercurian, will he 
found in Fuller's Church History, and that of the Letter to the Lords 
of the Council in Strype's Annals, vol. iiL p. vi.] eiusdemque Rationes 
decern &c. una cum Epistola alterius docti Tiri, in qua explicantnr 
cmdelissim» leges Calvinistarnm in Catholicos editse. De Persecu- 
done Anglicana Epistola [Paris 1582, Rom» 1582, 8yo], which has 
been ascribed to Parsons. An English translation was printed at 
Douay 1582, 16mo. The second part, Martyria aliorum Catholicorum, 
consisting principally of extracts from the seventh book of Sanders de 
Visibili Monarchia, and the third book of the same authors De 
Origine ac Progressu Schismatis Anglicani, lib. iii. etc. [Col. Agrip. 
1585, Rom. 1586, Ingolst. 1588, Col. Agrip. 1590, 1610, 1628.] 
The latter of these is the work in which were first published the 
*^ calumnies" relative to the birth and parentage of Queen Anne 
Boleyn. Campian's Narratio Divorcii Henrici VIII. ab uxore Ca- 
tharina, published in his Opuscula, Ingolst. 1602, Medio!. 1625, 
Antwerp 1631, is inserted at the end of Harpsfield's Hist Eccl. 
Angl. **A Diary kept by the Rev. Mr. Rishton, a prisoner in the 
Tower, in which he gives a description of the various modes of tor- 
ture inflicted on the Catholic prisoners from 1580 to 1585, was first 
published in Latin at the end of Sanderus de Schismate." Butlers 
Book of the R. C. Church. Lingard supplies some extracts from it 
in the Appendix. In the last edition, 1628, Rishton, or Rushton, 
added a third part and a fourth by way of Appendix, together with 
^^Summarium de Morte Marise Stuartse." It has been translated 
under the title of ** The Rise and Progress of the English Reforma- 
tion," &C., Dublin, 1827, 8vo. At the end of the first volume of 
Burnet's History of the Reformation \9 an Appendix concerning some 
of the Errors and Falshoods in Sanders' Book of the English Schism. 
To Dr. Co well is generally attributed A nti -Sanderus, duos continens 
Dialogos, in quibus varise N. S. aliorumque Romanensium Calunmia 
in heec Anglorum ab Excuse Pontifice Tempera confictae refelluntur, 
Cantab. 1593, 4to. A Life of Sanders will be found in Wood's 
Ath. Oxon. — To return to the Concertatio. The second part con- 
tains also ^^ Certamiua quatuor nobilium Puerorum, Thomae, Roberti, 

Ricardi ac Joannis Worthingtoniorum Item Georgii Hather- 

salli nobilis, Gulielmi Crumelhulmii, Humfredi Maxfeldii laicorum, 

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Thomas Worthingtonii et Thomse Browni Sacerdotnm." This Dana- 
tive gives considerable infonnaiion relative to the Romanists in Lan- 
cashire. Cf. Hollingworth's Chronicle, p. 94. ^'Certamen Dominso 
Alanee, virluee fratris Illustrissimi Cardinalis Oulielmi Alani." *•* Pali- 
nodia Antonii Tyrelli." [There is an English original of his Recanta- 
tion, 1588.] — The third part, '' Apologia Martymm, qua ipsorum 
innocentia variis rationibus demonstratur ; eosque solius religionis 
Catholicse causa, quam susceperant propagandam et propugnandam, 
crudelissime enecatos fuisse." '^ Literae et Confessio Pnblica Joannis 

Nicolai," etc. See Lingard's History, vol. vi. p. 343 

^'Apologia doctissimi viri D. Qui. Alani pro sacerdotibus sodetatis 
Jesu, cum duobus Edictis Elizabeths^ Regin® Anglis." [Printed 

Aug. Trev. 1583.] Additur eiusdem '^piissima Admonitio et 

Gonsolatio vere Christiana ad afflictos Catholicos AnglisB." [Ibid. 
1583.] The original of the former was '' Apologie, and true declara- 
tion, of the institution and endeavours, of the two English Colleges;" 
the one in Rome, the other now resident in Rhemes, &c. Printed at 
Mounts in Henault 1581, against "certaine sinistre Informations given 
up against the same." With the latter compare Saunders's Address 
to the Irish Nobility in Ellis's Second Series of Letters, vol. iii. p. 92. 
^' Ad Persecutores Anglos pro Catholicis domi forisque persecutionem 
sufferentibus contra falsum, seditiosum et contumeliosum Libellum, 
inscriptum, Jnstitia Britannica [ut supra] Responsio." Ingolst. 1584, 
8vo. This is Cardinal Allen's work translated, ^ A true and modest 
Defence of the English Catholicks that suffered for their faith at home 
and abroad, against a Libel entituled ^' The Execution of Justice in 
England." Or, Justitia Britannica ; per quam liquet perspicne aliquot 
in Anglia perditos cines, propter turpes proditiones, morte mulctatos 
esse; propter Religionem vero aut ceremonias Romanas neminem, 
1584. Annexed to this celebrated volume is ^' De summa eorum 
dementia, qui habendis quaestionibus preefuerant contra proditores 
quosdam, deque tormentis quee in eosdem ob Proditionem, non ob 
Religionem, exprompta sunt." An account of it will be found in 
Lingard, Append. Note 0, and in Strype's Annals, vol. iii.. Append, 
p. 121. ^'Statutum Calvinianum in Catholicos Anglos," 1585. 
" Brevis descriptio rerum a Cathol. Angl. gestarum." " Nomina eorum 
qui doctissimis in lucem editis Libris fidem et vitam Catholicam contra 
heereticos Anglos propugnarunt sub Elizabetha," viz.. Qui. Alanus, 
N. Sanderus, T. Hardingus, T. Stapletonus, T. Heskinus, T. Dormerus 
[i. q. Dorman], R. Pointz, Jo. Marschallus, A. Langtlal, H. Joliffus, 


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Jo. Rastellus, A. Copos, Jo. Yongus [i. e. Harpsfeldius], R. Bristous, 
Greg. Martinus, G. Reinoldus, £. Campianus, R. Personios, R. Hop> 

kineus, L. Vauxseus. ^' Index Personarum que propter 

fidem Catholicam passae sunt aliquando in Anglia vincula, bonorum 
direptionem, exilium aut mortem sub Eliz. Regina." Foeminee quae 
in Anglia passae sunt pro fide Catbolica mortem etc. Cf. Lingard, 
cb. V. p. 344. 

A briefe Historie of tbe Martjnxlom of 12 reuerend Priests, exe- 
cuted witbin tbese twelve Monthes for Confession and Defence of 
Catbolike Faitb, but under false Pretence of Treason, a Note of 
sundrie Tbings tbat befel tbem in tbeir Life and Imprisonment, and a 
Preface declaring tbeir Innocence. Printed An. 1582, 8to. 

Cf. Apologia Mart3a'um in tbe Concertatio. 

A particular Declaration or Testimony of tbe undutifiill and traiter- 
ous affection borne against ber Maiestie, by Edmund Campian, Jesuite, 
and otber condemned Priestes, witnessed by tbeir own confessions; 
in reproofe of tbose slanderous bookes and libels delivered out to the 
contrary by sucb as are malitiously affected towards ber Maiestie and 
tbe State. Imprinted at London by Cbristopher Barker, An. Dom. 
1582, 4to. 

" Of so mucb importance and at tbe same time rarity (never having 
to my knowledge been reprinted) as to justify a particular and exten- 
sive reference," &c. See Mendbam's Notes to Watson, ut injra^ 
p. 76. 

There is a copy in the British Museum. See Butler's Historical 
Memoirs of tbe English Catholics, in which will be found copious 
extracts from this* important document. 

Declaration of tbe favourable dealing of her Majesty's Conunis- 
doners appointed for the examination of certaine Traitours (Campian 
and others) and of tortures unjustly reported to be done upon them 
for matters of religion. By Lord Burgbiey, 1583. 

Inserted in Holingsbed's Chronicle, p. 1357. Reprinted in Somers' 
Tracts, vol. i. 

A Discovery of John Nichols, misrepresented a Jesuit ; with a full 
Answer to his Recantation. By Robert Parsons, 8vo. 

His recantation is in Bridgewater's Concertatio. 

A true and plain declaration of the horrible treasons practised by 
William Parry tbe traitor against the Queenes Maiestie. Tbe maner 
of bis arraignment, conviction and execution, together with tbe copies 
of sundry letters of bis and others, tending to divers purposes, for the 

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proofes of his Treasons. Also an addition not impertinent thereunto, 
containing a short collection of his hirth, education and course of life. 
Moreover, a few ohservations gathered of his owne wordes and 
writings, for the farther manifestation of his most disloyal, devilish 
and desperate purposes. 4to Lond. 1584. 

See Hargrave's State Trials, vol. i. Foulis's Popish Treasons, B. vii. 
c. 4. The Art of Assassinating Kings, taught Lewis XIV. and 
James II. by the Jesuites. Wherein is discovered, the secret of the 
last conspiracy, form'd at Versailles in Sep. 1695, against the life of 
William III. king of Great Britain. And discover d at White-Hall, 
Feb. 1695-6. Done out of the French. London 1691. 

A Watch woord to England to beware of Traitours and Tretcherous 
Practises, which have beene the ouerthrowe of many famous King- 
domes and Common Weales. [Including the Myraculous preservation 
of Lady Elizabeth, now our most dread and gratious Qneene, from 
extreme calamitie and daunger of life, in the time of Q. Marie, her 
sister.] Written by a faithfiill affected Friend to his Country, who 
desireth God long to blesse it from Traytours and their secret Con- 
spiracyes. [Anthony Munday.] 4to Lond. 1584. 

A discouerie of the Treasons practised and attempted against the 
Queene's Maiestie and the Realme, by Francis Throckmorton, who 
was, for the same arraigned and condemned in Guyld Hall, in the 
citie of London, the 21 day of May last past. 4to Lond. 1584. 

A Declaration of the Causes mooving the Queene of Englande to 
give aide to the defence of the people afilicted and oppressed in the 
Low Countries. Imprinted by Christopher Barker, 1585. 

In the first volume of Somers' Tracts. This Declaration was 
answered by Stapleton under the title of Apologia pro Rege Catholico 
Philippe II. [Not in his works.] Constantiae, 1592. 

The True Difference betweene Christinn Subjection and Unchristian 
Rebellion. Wherein the Princes lawfull power to commaund for 
trueth and indeprivable right to beare the sword are defended against 
the Popes censures and the Jesuits sophismes, ultered in their Apologie 
and Defence of English Catholikes, against a Libel intituled. The 
Execution of JuiBtice. With a demonstration that the thinges re- 
formed in the Church of England by the Lawes of this Realme are 
truely Catholike, notwithstanding the vaine shew made to the con- 
trary in their Rhemish Testament. By Tho. Bilson, Bp. of Winchester. 
4to Oxford 1585. 

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In the third Part, pp. 313-545, this most accomplished scholar re- 
plies to Cardinal Allen's books here referred to.« In his booke on 
Pargatory, Antwerp 1565, Allen inculcates the belief in the Pope's 
supremacy, which subsequently he maintained so strenuously. It 
was probably on this account that Fitzfaerbert called this book an 
answer to Jewel. See Allen's Defence of Stanley, p. Izxiii. 

Epistola de Daventriee Redditione, 1586-7. CracovisB 1588. Re- 
printed under the title of Cardinal Allen's Defence of Sir William 
Stanle/s Surrender of Deventer. Edited, with an Historical Intro- 
duction, by Thomas Heywood, Esq., F.S.A., for the Chetham Society, 
Manchester, 1851. 

A briefe Discoverie of Dr. Allen's Seditious Drifts contriued in a 
Pamplet written by him cone, the yeelding up of the Towne of 
Deuenter, in Oueroissel, vnto the King of Spain by Sir Wm. Stanley. 
4to Lond. 1588. 

Cf. Important Considerations, ut infra, 

Crudelitatis Calvinianee exempla duo recentissima ex Anglia, 
quorum primum continet barbarum Edictum contra Catholicos, al- 
terum exhibet indigniss. mortem illustr. viri Gomitis Northumbriee 
occisi mense Julio hujus anni. Anno 1585. 

A contemporary account of the death of the Earl of Northumber- 
land. It was given out that the Earl had committed suicide, but the 
author of the above volume endeavours to prove that he was mur- 
dered, at which conclusion Dr. Lingard also arrived. See A True and 
Summarie Reporte of the Declaration of some Parte of the Earle of 
N's Treason, 8vo 1585. 

A Dutiful Invective against the moste haynous Treasons of Ballard 
and Babington, with other their adherents, latelie executed. To- 
gether with the horrible attempts and Actions of the Queen of 
Scottes; and the sentence pronounced against her at Fodderingay. 
Newlie compiled and set foorth, in English verse, for a New-Yeares 
gifte to all loyall English subjects. By William Kemp. 4to Lond. 

The Censure of a loyal subject upon certaine noted speeches and 
behauiour of those 14 notable Traitors, (Ballard, Babington, &c.) at 
the place of their execution, (Lincoln's Inn Fields,) the xi. (20) and 
12 (21) of September last pnst; etc. 4to Loud. 1587. 

A Defence of the honorable sentence and execution of the Queenc 
of Scots : exempled with analogies and diuerse presidents of Em- 
perors, Kings and Popes : \yith the opinions of learned men in the 

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point and diuerse reasons gathered foortb out of both Lawes Ciuil and 
Canon, &c. [By Maurice Kyffin.] 1587. 

The Holy Bull and Crusado of Rome, first published by Pope Gb^gory 
XIII., and afterwards by Pope Sixtus V., for all those who desire 
full pardon and indulgence of their sinnes ; with Declaration found in 
the Armada of Spain. 1588. 

Admonition to the Nobility and People of England and Ireland, 
concerning the present warres made for the execution of his holines 
sentence, by the highe and mightie kinge Catholike of Spaine. By 
the Cardinal of England. AntTerpisB 1588. 

Reprinted with a Preface by Eupator [the Rey. Joseph Mendham], 
12mo Lond. 1842. 

The first part of this tract was intitled, A Declaration of the Sen- 
tence of Sixtus V. See Strype's Annals, vol. iii. bk. ii. ch. 18 ; Dodd, 
by Tierney, vol. iii. App. p. xliv.; and Lingard'a History. The history 
of this work is given in Placcii Theatr. Anonymor. f. 523, and in 
Schelhomii Amoenitat. T. ii. p. 385. There can be but one opinion 
on this precious document; and it is well expressed by one of the 
most candid writers that ever honoured the church of Rome, Tierney, 
(Dodd, vol. iii. pp. 28, 29.) See also Watson's Important Consider- 
ations for a comprehensive analysis of the book ; Mendham's ed. p. 57 
et seq. ; and for a systematic digest, see Lingard, vol. viii. p. 446, 
note 2. 

The Hunting of Antichrist. With a caueat to the contentious. 
By Leonard Wright 

[Of Seditious Schismatikes sprung up in our time, &c.] 4to Lond. 

Elizabeths Angliee Rcginee Haeresim Calvinianam Propugnantis, 
saevissimum in catholicos sui Regni edictum, quod in alios quoq. Rei- 
pub. Christianee Principes contumelias continet indignissimas : Pro- 
mulgatum Londini 29. Nouemb. 1591. Cum Responsione ad singula 
capita: qua non tantum saeuitia, et impietas tam iniqui edicti, sed 
mendacia quoque, et fraudes ac imposture deteguntur, et confutantur. 
Per D. Andream Philopatrum presbytemm ac Theologum Romanum, 
ex Anglis olim oriundum. [Robert Parsons.^ Augusts 1592. 

^* There was much to reprehend in the scurrilous language of this 
instrument ; and several passages in it appear to call for an answer from 
the leaders of the Spanish party among the exiles. Two were soon 
published : one by Persons under the title of Responsio ad edictum, 
for an accurate account of wliich I sliall refer tlio render to Mr. But- 

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ler 8 Memoirs, vol. iii. p. 236 ; and another by F. Creswell, intituled 
Exemplar literanim missarum d Germania ad D. Gulielmum Cecilium, 
consiliarium regiam. Impressum Anno Domini mdxgij." 

^' It is difficult to speak of these tracts with the severity which they 
deserve. They might please the king of Spain, and might uphold his 
hope of effecting the conquest of England ; but they were calculated 
to irritate Elizabeth, to throw suspicion on the loyalty of the Ca- 
tholics, and to increase the pressure of persecution. The real motive 
of the authors may perhaps be discovered from the conclusion of each 
tract They seem to have believed that the queen was alarmed, and 
they hoped, by adding to that alarm', to extort her assent to the fol- 
lowing proposals: that she should make peace with Philip, should 
tolerate the exercise of the Catholic worship, and should allow all 
men, without distinction of religion, to partake of the favours and pro- 
tection of government. See Responsio, p. 247 ; Exemplar literarum 
p. 179; Lingnrd's History, vol. vi. pp. 712, 713. 

Theatrum Crudelitatum He&reticorum nostri temporis [per Verste- 
gan]. Antv. 1592, 1604; Gall. 1607, 4to. 

See Dodd, vol. ii. p. 428. Watt ascribes this work to Hadrian 

A Defence of the Catholick Cause : containing a Treatise of sundry 
Untruths and Slanders, publish'd by the Hereticks, in infamous libels 
as well against all English Catholicks in general, as against some in 
particular, &c., by T. F. with an Apology in defence of his Innocence 
in a feign'd Conspiracy against her Majesty's Person, &c. By Thomas 
Fitzherbert. 1598, ;1602, 8vo. See Dodd, vol. ii. p. 413. 

A Watch- word to all Religious and True-hearted Englishmen, by 
Francis Hastings. 8vo Lond. 1598. 

The Temperate Ward word against the Seditious Watchword of Sir 
Francis Hastings, in Behalf of the Popish Cause, by N. D. [i.e. Robert 
Parsons the Jesuit. 1598, 4to.] 

The Wamword to Sir F. Hastings* Wasteword. By N. D.; 4to 
1599, 1602. (The First Encounter about Blessinges and Cursiuges 
brought in by change of Catholike Religion in England. Cap. vi.) 

An Apologie or Defence of the Watch-word against the Ward-word, 
publ. by an English-Spaniard, lurking under the title of N. D., deuided 
into eight Resistances, by Sir Francis Hastings. 4to Lond. 1600. 

The Wormwood of Sir Francis Hastings Watchword, by Robert 
Parsons. 8vo 1602. 

A New Cliallengc m«i{lc to N. D. wherein O. E. offercth to justify 

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that popish religion is not catholike or apostolike ; secondly that it is 
compounded of divers novelties and heresies ; thirdly that the church 
of Rome is not the true church of Christ Jesus. Lastly that such as 
have died in the popes quarrels were rather false traitors, then 
Christian martyrs. By Matthew Sutcliife. 4to Lond. 1600. 

A Challenge concerning the Romish Church, her doctrine and prac- 
tices, against Parsons, Garnet, and Black wel. By Matthew Sutcliffe. 
4to Lond. 1602. 

Watson (William) Important Considerations, or a Vindication of 
Queen Elizabeth from the charge of Unjust Severity towards her Ro- 
man Catholic Subjects, by Roman Catholics themselves: being Im- 
portant Considerations in the name of certain Secular Priests, printed 
in 1601. Edited, with a Preface and Notes, by the Rev. Joseph 
Mendham, M.A. 12mo Lond. 1831. 

The Treasons here confest will be found, as stated by the Secular 
Priests, in Blackerby's Historical Account of Making the Penal Laws, 
&c. Lond. 1689.* 

Decachordon of Ten Quodlibeticall Questions concerning Religion 
and State ; wherein the Author solves a hundred cross interrogatory 
doubts about the general contentions betwixt the Seminary Priests and 
the Jesuits. By William Watson. 4to 1602. 

These two works are noticed by Mendham in his Literary Policy of 
the Church of Rome, p. 355. 

Brief Historical Account of the Behaviour of the Jesuites &c. for the 
first twenty-five years of Queen Elizabeth's Reign. With an Epistle 
of W. Watson, a Secular Priest, shewing how they were thought of 
by the other Romanists of that time. 

^^ This discourse was composed by a priest of the Church of Rome, 
with the consent and in the name of many more, and was then a pre- 
face to a treatise, &c. (Important Considerations, ut supra.) The 
Epistle is the same as that in the same treatise." In Gibson's Preser- 
vative, fol. vol. iii. p. xvii. 8vo. '^ For further decisive, and it should 
appear, sincere acknowledgments of clemency by Romanists them- 
selves, I refer to certificates by twenty-one individuals in 1584, (Gib- 
son, ibid.), and of thirty-two more in 1585, (Stow's Chron. p. 710); 
the Protestation of thirteen Secular Priests in 1602, (given at length 
in Dodd's History, vol. ii. pp. 292-3, and Butler's Historical Memoirs, 
vol. i. p. 261) ; the relation of the faction at Wisbich, (Gibson, ibid.) ; 
and the admissions of Warmingham, Barclay, Widdrington, and Peter 
Walsh, with others adduced in the Brief Historical account of the 

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Jesuits," [ibid, at the end.] Mendham's Notes as above. To her 
(Elizabeth's) eteraal honour she ordered seventy popish priests, either 
under sentence of death or awaiting it, to be released from prison, the 
rack and the scaffold. (Camden's Annals ; Mackintosh's Hist of Eng- 
land, vol. iii. p. 287; Gibson, as above, p. 22.) It was in 1580 the 
Jesuits first came into England, and therefore they had no right to 
complain of penal inflictions, since the Act against Papal Bolls was 
adopted in 1572. They voluntarily incurred the evil they braved and 
suffered from; and it was the peculiar character of these laws that 
they were defensive, not attacking measures. See Mackintosh, ibid. p. 
161, and Sharon Turner's History of Edw. VI., Mary and Elizabedi, 
Book ii. ch. 32. 

The following works, containing reflections on the preceding reign, 
were published after James's accession and at a subsequent period. 

The CathoHkes Supplication unto the Eang's Majesty ; for Tolera- 
tion of Catholike Religion in England : with short Notes or Animad- 
versions in the margine. Whereunto is annexed Parallel-wise, a 
Supplicatorie Counterpoyse of the Protestants, unto the same most 
excellent Majesty. Together with the reasons of both sides, for and 
against toleration of diners religions. By Grabriel Powell, pp. 39, 
4to Lond. 1603. 

The '^ Counterpoyse" is nothing more than a parody of the Supplica- 
cation. See Tierney's Dodd, vol. iv. Appendix p. Ixxiv. 

In 1604 there was also published by Gabriel Powell, A Considera- 
tion of the Papists Reasons of State and Religion, for toleration of 
Poperie in England, intimated in their Supplication, &c. 4to Oxford, 

An exact Discoverie of Romish Doctrine in the case of Ccmspiracie 
and Rebellion, by pregnant observations : collected (not without direc- 
tion from our Superiours) out of the expresse dogmatical! principles of 
Popish Priests and Doctors, pp. 54, 4to Lond. 1605. 

The principal authors of this rebellious doctrine are here enume- 
rated, viz. Toilet, Bellarmine, Allen, Molina, Gregorie of Valentia, 
Stapleton, Dominicus Bannes. '^ We have also alleaged The Resolu- 
tion of the Jesuites Colledge of the Universitie of Salamancfaa in 
Spaine, anno 1602, as likewise Creswels Philopater, printed at Rome, 
Licentia Superioruro, signifying the Jesuites. What shall I neede to 
mention Reynolds (in his Rosaeus) a Doctor of Divinity, and chiefest 
man in the English Seminarie at Rhemes? Father Parsons (in his 
Dolman) a principal Rector of the Seminarie at Rome ?* There were 
seminaries also at Valladolid, Saville, St. Omer's and Douay. 

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Those who desire information respecting the contest between the 
Seculars and the Jesuits in these Seminaries will find their cariosity 
amply fed in Dodd's ^' History of the English College at Doway from 
its first Foundation in 1568 to the present year, 1713;" and ''The 
Secret Policy of the English Society of Jesus, discover'd in a series of 
Attempts against the Clergy, &c. &c. 1715." Cardinal Alan, or 
Allen, the founder of this College and of others, especially the Roman 
College, is eulogized in the following terms in the Preface to the Ga- 
lathseus, sive de Moribus Liber Itaiicus, of Joannes Casa (the Italian 
Chesterfield), Romse, 1595 : ''Cardinalis Alanus (Deus bone, qualis et 
quantus vir) familiaribus multam ssepe prudentis disputationis materiem 
subjecit ; fecitque dubitando disceptandoque, ut et aula ejus Tideretur 
schola, et mensa cathedra pietatis et pnidentiffi." 

We have now arrived at the year of the Gunpowder Plot, and it 
will not perhaps be impertinent to our subject to introduce an anec- 
dote locally connected with Manchester, and politically with the 
causes of one of the most remarkable occurrences in English history. 
It appears that at the assizes at Manchester, in the summer of 1604, 
several Jesuits or seminary priests were tried, condemned and exe- 
cuted, under the statute 27th Elizabeth, for high treason for remaining 
within the realm after the time prescribed by the royal prodlamation. 
Mr. Pound, an aged Roman Catholic gentleman residing in Lancashire, 
who had been imprisoned in Queen Elizabeth's time on account of his 
religion, presented a petition to the King complaining generally of the 
persecution of the Roman Catholics, and in particular of the rigorous 
proceedings and alarming doctrines of the Judges at Manchester. He 
was prosecuted by the Attorney-General in the Star Chamber for a 
contempt, and no pains were spared to render this judicial proceeding 
against an inoffensive old man as imposing as possible. Sir Edward 
Coke inveighed violently against the doctrines and practices of the 
Romanists; the Lords of the Council and Judges followed in the 
same strain ; and in the end Mr. Pound was sentenced by the Court 
to be imprisoned in the Fleet during the King's pleasure ; to stand in 
the pillory both at Lancaster and Westminster ; and to pay a fine of 
one thousand pounds. Many members of the Court proposed to add 
to this severe sentence that the old man should be nailed to the 
pillory and have both his ears cut off. This barbarous proposition 
was negatived by one or two voices only. (Rushton Papers, MSS. 


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of Sir Thomas Tresham, discovered at Rashton, in Northamptonshire, 
qaoted by Jardine ; see Winwood's Memorials, vol. iL p. 36, where 
this sentence is somewhat differently stated.) 

An Answere to the Fifth Part of Reportes lately set forth by Sir 
Edward Cooke, Knight, the Kinges Attorney generall. Concerning 
the ancient and modcme Municipall lawes of England, which do ap- 
perteyne to Spiritnall Power and Jurisdiction, etc. By a Catholike 
Deayne [Robert Parsons]. 4to 1606. See chap. xt. 

An Epistle of Comfort to the Reverend Priestes, and to the Honor- 
able, Worshipful and other of the Laye sort restrayned in Durance for 
the Catholicke Fayth. ]6mo Paris [1605]. 

This work is presumed to be by the Martyr Southwell, and the 
same as that assigned to him by Dodd by the title of a Consolation for 
Catholics imprisoned on account of Religion. See Tumbull's edition 
of Southwell's Poems, Memoir, p. xxsv. NgUb and Queriet, second 
series, vol. iii. pp. 376, 475. 

Brereley (John) Priest. [James Anderton, of Lostock in Lancashire.] 
The Protestants Apologie for the Roman Church. Divided into three 
several Tractes. The first concemeth the antiquity and continuance 
of the Roman Church and Religion, ever since the Apostles times. 
The second 1. that the Protestants Religion was not so much as in 
being, at or before Luther's first appearing. 2. That the Marks of the 
true Church are apperteyning to the Roman, and wholly wanting to 
the several Churches, begun by Luther and Calvin. The third that 
Catholics are no less loyall and dutiful! to their Soueraigue than Pro- 
testants. All which is undertaken and proved by testimonies of the 
learned Protef^tants themselves. With a conclusion to the Reuerend 
Judges, and other the grave and learned Sages of the law. 4to 1608. 

The first edition 1604; the second 1608; the third 1615. Trans- 
lated into Latin by Rayner. 4to Pans 1615. The Preface is an 
examination of the chargeable demeanour of the Protestants towards 
their Soueraignes. *' There was a Printing-house supprest about 
three years since (1621) in Lancashire, where all Brerely his workes, 
with many other popish pamphlets, were printed." The Foot out of 
the Snare, by John Gee, 4to Lond. 1624, p. 97. Reprinted in Sir 
Walter Scott's edition of the Somers Tracts, vol. iiL p. 49. 

An Apologie for the Oath of Allegiance. Against the Two Breves 
of Pope Paulus Quintus, and the late Letter of Cardinall Bellarmine 

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to G. Black virell the Arcb-priest. Premonition to all Moet Mightie 
Monarches, Kings, Free Princes and States of Christendome. King 
James's Works, fol. Lond. 1616. In page 250 of the former and page 
336 of the latter, James sacrifices to the Manes of his late Predecessor 
(to the propriety of these words Parsons objects in his Replie to 
Barlow, pp. 160-68, which, howeyer, are defended by the latter in his 
Answer, ut infra^ p. 70, ei ieqq.) by declaring his conviction that 
^ the pnnifihment of the Papists was ever extorted out of her hands 
against her will by their own misbehaviour," &c. Cf. Nowell's Con- 
futation of Dorman, p. 258, 4to Lond. 1567. It is a curious circum- 
stance that an answer to Sir Henry Saville's translation of King James's 
Apology for the Oath of Allegiance, which was made by command of 
the Conclave by Francisco Suarez, and entitled Defensio Fidei Ca- 
tholic«e, was interlined by the Inquisition at Rome with the doctrine 
of deposing and killing Princes ; though detested by the writer of the 
Answer. See Dr. King's Letter to Walton, prefixed to Hooker's 
Ecclesiastical Polity. An imperfect list of the books published on 
occasion of the Apology will be found in the Appendix to Harris's 
Life of James I. See also Lowndes's British Librarian. 

An Answer to a Catholike English-Man (so by himselfe entituled), 
who, without a name, passed his Censure upon the Apology, for the 
Oath of Allegiance; which Censure is heere examined and refuted. 
By the Bishop of Lincoln (Willam Barlow), 4to Lond. 1609. See 
pp. 64-102. *Bnt to conclude this complaint of Queene Elizabeth's 
cruel tie, an Italian, no Protestant shall speake ; (Blzar. Histor. Genu- 
ens, p. 568.) 

'* So great and so apparant was the moderation of her mindc, and her in- 
bred clemendey that (not ▼ndeflemedly) it may be said of her, which the 
ancient Histories haue left to posteritie of Alexander Seuerus, borne of his 
Mother Mammiea, nemp6 ansDmaton, hoc est, Citra Sangrinem ; namely, that 
she hal^ gouemed her Kingdome without blood-shed, oiun svapte natrra 
semper a csedibus et crrdelitate abhorreat ; for eren her natvre doth abhorre 
the thoTght of slavghter or crveltie : and so he goeth on in a large discourse ; 
in this her praise ; and when he wrote thus, she had reigned twenty yeeres." 
p. 92. 

A Discussion of the Answere of M. William Barlow D. of Divinity 
to the Booke intituled The Judgment of a Cathulike Englishman 
living in banishment for his Religion &c. Concerning the Apology of 
the new Oath of Allegiance. Written by the R. Father, F. Robert 
Persons of the Society of Jesus. Whereunto since the said Father s 

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death, is annexed a Generall Preface, &c. Permissu Saperiorum. 
1612. "This excellent work, (The Judgment, &c.) equally dis- 
tinguished hy strength of argument and eloquence, is now extremely 
scarce." Butler, iii. 180. 

The Second Part about the Breves of Paulus Quintus. Concerning 
M. Barlowe his exorbitant flattery in exaggerating Queene Elizabeth s 
vertues and sanctity, pp. 1^59-228. After the Pope forbade the people 
to swear allegiance to the King a long controversy began among the 
Romanists on the extent of the deposing power ; but the result was 
that the foreign Pontiff was obeyed. Obedience to the temporal 
sovereign was decided to be inconsistent with feligious duty. " Wid- 
drington, a Benedictine Monk, published a masterpiece in defence of 
the Oath. The Jesuits to a man refused it. The generality of the 
Clergy were for it. The Pope is advised with. He puts forth several 
Bulls to prohibit it ; but they were neglected by many, in the same 
manner as those had lately been which absolved the English from 

their allegiance to Queen Elizabeth If the Jesuits could find 

a means to evade the Bull, which absolved all subjects from their 
obedience to Queen Elizabeth, under penalty of excommunication; 
why could not such as took the Oath of Allegiance make use of the 
same pretence, to excuse themselves from submitting to those Bulls, 
which forbid the Oath of Allegiance?" Dodd's Secret Policy of the 
English Society of Jesus. Lend. 1715, p. 195. Cf. The Difference 
between the Church and Court of Rome considered in some Reflec- 
tions on a Dialogue entitled, A Conference between two Protestants 
and a Papist 4to Lend. 1674. — Pseudo-Martyr; shewing that Ro- 
man Catholics in this kingdom may and ought to take the Oath of 
Allegiance. By John Donne, D.D. 4to Lond. 1610. — A Pattern of 
Christian Loyalty : whereby any prudent man may clearly perceive 
in what manner the new oath of allegiance, and every clause thereof, 
may in a true and catholike sense, without danger of peijurie, be 

taken by the roman catholikes Collected out of authors who 

have handled the whole matter more largely. By William Howard, 
an English catholike, 4to Lond. 1634 — Butlers Historical Memoirs, 
vol. iii. ch. 48. 

The Jesuits Downefall, threatened against them by the Secular 
Priests for their wicked lives, accursed manners, hereticall doctrine, 
and more than Machiavillian pohce. Together with the Life of 

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Father Parsons an English Jesuite. By Thomas James. 4to Oxf. 
1612. See Richard James's Iter Lancastrense. Edited, with Notes 
and an Introductory Memoir, hy the Rev. Thomas Corser, M.A. 

Antilogia adversus Apologiam Andreee Eudiemon-Joannis Jesuit® 
pro Henrico Grarneto Jesuita Pix>ditore. Qua mendacissimi Monachi 
adversus Ecclesiam et Remp. Anglicanam violatsd religionis et jnstitisB 
nomine calumniae refutantur; et Jesnitarum, Grameti vero maxime, 
proditoria consilia et conjurationes exploratissima veritate referuntur. 
Authore Rob. Abboto. 4 to Londini 1613. Vide cap. iv. An ac- 
count of this rare work will be found in Jardine's Narrative of the 
Gunpowder Plot. Lond. 1857. The real name of the author of the 
several works published under the title of Eudsemon-iJoannes was 
L'Heureux. He was a native of Candia and a Jesuit of high reputa- 
tion for learning, who taught theology at the University of Padua, and 
was appointed by Pope Urban VIII. Rector of the Greek College at 
Rome. See the Act of Parliament 3 Jacobi cap. 4, 5, where we are 
told by the Parliament of the hellish conspiracies of the Jesuits and 
Seminary Priests. For a particular narrative of the horrid Powder 
Plot consult Williams's History of the Gunpowder Treason, Lond. 
1678, and those authors out of which he collected it, in the last page 
of that tract. Cf. Townsend's Accusations of History against the 
Church of Rome. Lond. 1826. 

A thankful remembrance of God's Mercy. In an Historical! Col- 
lection of the great and mercifull Deliverance of the Church and State 
of England, since the Gospel beganne here to flourish, from the begin- 
ning of Queen Elizabeth. By George Carleton. Lond. 1614, 1627, 
1630. The historical part is chiefly extracted from Camden's Annals 
of Queen Elizabeth. 

Cesar's Dialogue ; or a Familiar Communication, containing the first 
Institution of a Subject in Allegiance to his Soueraigne. By E. N. 
12mo Lond. 1601. Reprinted in 1615, and entitled, God and the 
King; or a Dialogue shewing that our Soveraign Lord King James 
being immediate under God within his Dominions, doth rightfully 
claim whatsoever is required by the Oath of Allegiance. 12mo Lond. 
1615. Another edition, imprinted by his Majesty's special Priviledge 
and Command. 4to Lond. 1663. With the portrait of the Merry 
Monarch. Another edition, published in 1727, does not advocate the 
divine right of the Stuarts, but that of their successful adversaries, the 

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HaDoverians. The first impression, in which there is a fine fiill length 
portrait of Qaeen Elizabeth, in regal costume, in a chair of state, sur- 
rounded by her Divine Charters in the shape of texts from the Old 
and New Testaments, is in the possession of the Rev. T. Corser, M.A. 
See Notes and Queries second series, vol iv. p. 141. 

An Answere to a Treatise written by Dr. Carrier, by way of Letter 
to his Maiestie; wheren he layeth downe sondry politike considera- 
tions; by which he pretendeth himselfe was moued, and endeureth to 
moue others to be reconciled to the Church of Borne, and embrace 
that Religion, which he calleth Catholike. By George Hakewil, 
Doctour of Divinity, and Chapleine to the Prince his Highnesse. 4to 
Lond. 1616. See p. 104 et seqq. 

The Image of Bothe Churches, Hierusalem and Babel, Unitie and 
Confusion, Obedience and Sedition, (being a treatise historically dis- 
cussing whether Catholicks or Protestants are the better Subjects. 
[By Father Matthew Patenson, or Patison.] Tomay 1623. An ac- 
count of this curious book is given in Notes and Queries^ first series, 
vol. iii. p. 469. It was dedicated to Charles I. when Prince of Wales, 
by his physician. 

Reflections upon the Oath of Supremacy and Allegiance. By a 
Catholic Gentleman, an obedient Son of the Church, and loyal Sub- 
ject to his Majesty QJohn Sergeant^ 1661, 12mo. ^'He understands 
by the former oath, that prescribed by queen Elizabeth ; by the latter 
the oath prescribed by James : he shows, with great clearness, that 
the oath of supremacy can not be conscientiously taken by the roman 
catholics, and that the oath of allegiance, though in other respects de- 
fensible, was substantially objectionable, from its declaring the de- 
posing doctrine to be heretical." Butler's Historical Memoirs, vol. iiL 
p. 430. 

HorsB Subsecivfie, or a treatise shewing the original, grounds, rea- 
sons and provocations, necessitating our sanguinary Laws against 
Papists, made in the days of queen Elizabeth. By William Denton. 
Lond. 1664. 4to. 

Denton's Jus Ceesaris et Ecclesise has been referred to, supra p. 6 ; 
for his other works. Jus Regiminis, etc. see Wood, ed. Bliss, vol. iv. 
p. 307, col. 863. 

The Late Apology in behalf of the Papists re-printed and answered, 
in behalf of the Royalists. 4to Lond. 1667. See pp. 22 - 28. 

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The History of RomiBh Treasons and Usurpations : together with a 
particular Account of many gross Corruptions and Impostures in the 
Church of Rome, highly dishonourable and injurious to Christian Reli- 
gion. To which is prefixt a large Preface to the Romanists Care- 
fully collected out of a great number of their approved Authors, by 
Henry Foulis. Fol. Lond. 1671, 1678, 1681. (Lib. viii. chap. ii. 
A Vindication of Queen Elizabeth.) 

Foxes and Firebrands : or a specimen of the Danger and Harmony 
of Popery and Separation. Wherein is proved from undeniable matter 
of fact and reason, that Separation from the Church of England is in 
the judgment of Papists, and by sad experience, found the most com- 
pendious way to introduce Popery, and to ruine the Protestant religion. 
[By Robert Ware.] 12mo Dubl. 1680; Lond. 1682, 1689. See pp. 
Id - 47. Cf. The Discovery of the Jesuits' College at Clerkenwell, 
in March 1627-8 : and a Letter found in their House, (as asserted) 
directed to the Father Rector at Bruxelles. Edited by John Gough 
Nichols, F.S.A. In the Camden Miscellany, vol. ii. 1852. 

The Jesuits Memorial, for the intended Reformation of England, 
under their first Popish Prince. Published from the copy that was 
presented to the late King James II. With an Introduction, and 
some Animadversions by Edward Gee. Lond. 1690. The original 
title is as follows : A Memorial of the Reformation of England : con- 
taining certain Notes and Advertisements which seem might be pro- 
posed in the first Parliament and National Council of our Country 
aAer God, of his mercy, shall restore it to the Catholick Faith, for the 
better Establishment and Preservation of the said Religion. Gathered 
and set down by R.[obert] P. [arsons], 1596. ''A book which never 
saw the light till of late years ; it had slept in Flanders from 1588, be- 
ing first adapted (as tis supposed) for that Invasion." Dodd, The 
Secret Policy, &c., p. 128. 

The English Spanish Pilgrime. Or a new Discoverie of Spanish 
Popery, and lesuiticall Stratogems. With the estate of the English 
Pen doners and Fugitives under the Kii^ of Spaines Dominions, and 
elsewhere at this present. Also laying open the new Order of the 
lesuitrices and preaching Nunnes. Composed by James Wadsworth 
gentleman, newly converted into his true mothei'S bosom, the Church 
of England, with the motives why he left the Sea of Rome ; a late 
Pentioner to his Maiesty of Spaine and nominated his Captaine in 

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Flanders : sonne to Mr. James Wadsworth Bachelor of Diviuity, some- 
time of Emanuell CoUedge in the University of Cambridge, who was 
perverted in the yeere 1604, and late Tutor to Donia Maria Infanta of 
Spaine. Published by Authority. Printed at London by T. C. for 
Michael Sparke, dwelling at the blue Bible in Greene- Arbor, 1630. 
In small 4to, pp. 95. It has belonged to ^^ Wh. Kennett." It is a 
very curious piece of biography, abounding with adventures and anec- 
dotes of English refugees. 

P. 69 is a notice of Sir William Stanley, who '' cozened in his old 
age, turned Carthusian at Austend, and gave the Carthusians there his 
plate, and that little money which he had, where I have heard him 
often complaiue of the Jesuites, and say he was heartily sorry to find 
them such knaves, and that if his Majesty of great Britaine would grant 
him pardon, and leave to live the rest of his dales in Lancashire with 
beefe and bagge-pudding, bee should deeme himselfe one of the 
happiest in the world; but this could never bee obtained of his 
aforesaid Majesty bee having been so great and notorious a traytour." 

This rare tract is in the possession of the Rev. James Raine jun. 
M.A., Secretary of the Surtees Society, by whom the above descrip- 
tion was kindly communicated. 

C* %• 37. Good advice to the Church of England^ Roman Catholick and 
Protestant Dissenter. In which it is endeavoured to be made 
appear that it is their duty, principle and interest to abolish 
the penal laws and tests. Beati Pacifici. [By William Penn 
the Quaker.] pp. 61, 4to Lond. 1687 

See Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1054. (Edit Bliss, vol. iv. col. 650.) 
William Penn, born in 1644, died 1718. See also Biographia Britan- 
nica. The second part of this tract contains extracts from Divines of 
the Church of England in favour of toleration, as Sanderson, Taylor, 
Lloyd, Stillingfleet, Tillotson, Burnet, Sir Robert Poyntz, Charles I. 
Cf. Penn s Address to Protestants upon the present conjuncture, 1679, 
ad calc. '* William Penn, a man of such virtue as to make his testi* 
mony weighty, even when borne to the sufferings of his party, publicly 
affirmed at the time [in page 57 of this tract] that since the restoration 
more than five thousand persons had died in bonds for matters of mere 
conscience to God." — Mackintosh's History of the Revolution, p. 160. 

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38. The great and popular objection against the repeal of the penal C« %• 
laws and test briefly stated and considered^ and which may 
serre for answer to several late pamphlets upon that subject. 
By a Friend to Liberty for Liberties sake. [William Penn.] 

pp. 23, 4to Lond. 1688 
See Ath. Oxan. toI. ii. col. 1054. 

An Enquiry into the Reasons for abrogating the test imposed on C* %• 
all Members of Parliament, ofiered by Sa. Oxon. 

pp. 8, 4to 1688 
Without title-page. In the ointh volume of the Somers Tracts, 
p. 151, where it is ascribed to Bishop Buraet. See note to No. 20 

" His Majesty commanded the stationers not to print any answer to 
Bishop Parker 8 book. This was very surprising from a Bishop of the 
Church of England, and the more so when it was found that he had 
treated the chief Divines of it with aa insolence superior to any of its 
open enemies. Therefore, notwithstanding the King's commands, 
several sharp answers came out against it; but none made greater 
noise than that written by Dr. Burnet; out of which we may take 
notice of two or three passages. He unluckily turns these words in 
the titlepage, Written for the Authors own satisfaction, and now 
publish'd for the Benefit of all others whom it may concern. But says 
he the words are certainly wrong plac'd, for the truth of the matter is 
that it was written for the Authors own Benefit, and now publish'd 
for the Satisfaction of all others whom it may concern . . . ^ With what 
sensible regret must those who were edify'd with the gravity, the 
piety, the generosity and charity of the late Bishop of Oxford, look on, 
when they see such a Harlequin in his room.' Having charg'd Dr, 
Burnet with writing Lampoons upon the present Princes of Christen- 
dom, the Doctor retorts it upon him with this satyrical period : ^ It is 
Lampoon enough upon the Age, that he is a Bishop, but it is a down- 
right Reproach that he is made the Champion of a Cause, which if it 
is bad of itself, must suffer extremely by being in such hands.'" 
(Echard's history of England, vol. iii. pp. 838, 839.) Somers Tracts, 
pp. 153, 156, 159. 


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0« I* Concerning the Act imposing the test^ 1678 ; in answer to the 
Bishop of Oxford (Dr. Samuel Parker's) Reasons for abro- 
gating the test. By the E. [arl] of C. [larendon] . In Gatch's 
Collectanea Curiosa, vol. i. p. 313-25. 

C*%* Answer to the Bishop of Oxford's B/casons for abrogating the 
test imposed on all Members of Parliament Anno 1678^ 
Octob. 30. In these words^ *^ I A. B. do solemnly and sin- 
cerely, in the Presence of God, profess testifie and declare, 
that I do believe that in the Sacrament of the Lord's Sapper 
there is not any Transubstantiation of the Elements of Bread 
and Wine into the Body and Blood of Christ at, or after, the 
consecration thereof by any person whatsoever; and that the 
Invocation, or Adoration of the Virgin Mary, or any other 
Saint, and the Sacrifice of the Mass, as they are now used 
in the Church of Rome, are Superstitious and Idolatrous.'' 
By a Person of Quality [William Lloyd, D.D. Bishop of St. 
Asaph.] pp. vi. 46, 4to Lond. 1688 

C* IL* Answer to Vox Cleri &c. examining the reasons against making 
any alterations and abatements in order to a Comprehension. 

pp. 36, 4to Lond. 1690 

See Mocaulay, vol. iii. p. 495. 

S,C. Vindication of the Church of England in answer to a Pamphlet, 

B.L. entitled, A new Test of the Church of England's loyalty. By 

Mrs. Eleanor James. 4to Lond. 1687 

Answer to a Paper entitled, A new Test etc. By Bp. Burnet. 

C* L See his Six Papers, infra. 

The trial and examination of a Libel intitled, A new Test of the 

Church of England's loyalty ; with some Reflections upon the 

additional Libel, entitled. An Instance of the Church of 

England's loyalty. 4to. [By the Rev. Sam. Johnson.] 8.a.v.I. 

C* ML* In the ninth volume of Somere Tracts. In his Works, p. 9. 

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Some Considerations about the new Test of the Church of Eng- 
land's loyalty, in a letter to a Country Gentleman on the 
occasion of the present Invasion, s. 1. s. a. 4to [1688] 

In Somers Tracts, 1750, toI. i. p. 226. Scott's edition, ix, 198. 

The Church of England's complaint in vindication of her loyalty. 

England's present Interests discovered with honour to the Prince 
and s^ety to the People ; submitted to the consideration of 
superiors. By William Penn. 4to Lond. 1676 

A Defence of the Duke of Buckingham's Book of Bicligion and C* I* 
Worship from the exceptions of a nameless author. By the 
Pensylvanian [W. Penn]. 4to Lond. 1686 

See Wood's Atfa. Oxon. ut supra. The Duke's discourse gave rise 
to a considerable controversy, which is comprised in the following 
political rather than theological pamphlets. 

A short Discourse upon the reasonableness of men's having a reli- 
gion or worship of God. By the Duke of Buckingham. 4to Lond. 
1685. In the second volume of The Phenix. 

A short Answer to his Grace the Duke of Buckingham's Paper f[^ ^^ 
concerning religion, toleration, and liberty of conscience. 4to Lond. 

The Duke of Buckingham his Grace's Letter to the unknown Au- 
thor of a Paper entitled, A short Answer etc. Lond. 1685. (In 
Somers Tracts, 1748, vol. i.) A Reply to his Grace the Duke of 
Buckingham's Letter to the Author of a Paper entitled, A short 
Answer &c. 1685. A Reply to the Answer of the Man of no name C* %* 
to the Duke of Buckingham's Paper. By G. C. 4 to Lond. 1685. 
An Apologie for the Church of England, against the clamours of the C* I* 
men of No- Conscience, or the Duke of Buckingham's Seconds. By 
E[dmund] B[ohunJ Esq. 4to Lond. 1685. 

Some reflections on a Discourse called Good Advice to the Church 
of England, &c. In State Tracts, 1693, part ii. p. 363. 

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A Seasonable Discourse shewing the necessity of Union amongst 
Protestants in opposition to Popery^ as the only means 
(under Qod) to preserve the Reformed Religion. Also the 
Charge of Persecution lately maintained against the Estab- 
lished Religion^ by W. P. H. C. and other insignificant 
Scribblers^ detected^ proving it to be the Ministers of State 
and not the Church that prosecuted the Penal Laws on Pro- 
testant Dissenters. pp. 14, 4to Lond. 1688 
I suppose W. P. H. C. means Wm. Penn, Henry Care. 

Heraclitus Ridens Redivivus; or a Dialogue between Harry and 
Roger concerning the Times. pp. 8, 4to Oxford 1688 

By Hany and Roger are meant H. Care, R. L'Estrange. 

C* %* A Treatise of true religion, heresy, schism, toleration, and the best 
means to prevent the growth of Popery. By John Milton. 
Printed in the year 1673. Works, folio, Amsterdam 1698, 
p. 807-12. 

See also his poem, " On the new forcers of conscience under the 
Long Parliament." Irving's Life of Rohert Leighton, Archbishop of 
Glasgow, fnmishes an interesting commentary on these lines : 

" Men whose life, learning, faith and pure intent 
Would have been held in high esteem with Paul, 
Must now be nam'd and printed Heretics 
By shallow Edwards and Scotch what d'ye call." 

The Burnt ChUd dreads the fire; or an examination of the merits 
of the Papists relating to England, mostly from their own 
Pens. In justification of the late Act of Parliament for pre- 
venting dangers which may happen from Popish Recusants 
(25 Ch. ii. c. 2, a.d. 1672). And further showing that what- 
soever their merits have been, no thanks to their Religion, 
and therefore ought not to be gratified in their Religion by 
toleration thereof. By William Denton M.D. 

4to Lond. 1675 

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The Established Test^ in order to the Security of His Majesties C* %* 
Sacred Person, and Government^ and the Protestant Religion. 
Against the malitious attempts and treasonable machinations 
of Rome. pp. 54^ 4to Lond. 1679 

England's Grievances in times of Popery, drawn out of the Canon 
Law, Decretals, Epistles and Histories of those times ; with 
Reasons why all sober Protestants may expect no better deal- 
ing from the Roman Catholics, should God, for their sins, 
suffer them to fall under the Pope's tyranny again. 

4to Lond. 1679 

The Laws of Q. Elizabeth, K. James, and K. Charles the First, C*l* 
concerning Jesuites, Seminary Priests, Recusants, &c., and 
concerning the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance, explained 
by divers judgments and resolutions of the Reverend Judges. 
Together with other Observations upon the same Laws. To 
which is added the Statute xxv. Car. II. cap. 2, for preventing 
dangers which may happen from Popish Recusants. And an 
Alphabetical Table to the whole. By William Cawley, of the 
Inner Temple, Esq. Fol. Lond. 1680 

Some interesting documents relating to Lancashire Becusants are 
given in Peck's Desiderata Cariosa, vol. i., and in the first volume of 
Baines's Lancashire, pp. 241-45. 

A Discourse concerning the Laws, Ecclesiastical and Civil made 
against Hereticks by Popes, Emperors and Kings, Pro- 
vincial and General Councils approved by the Church of 
Rome. Shewing, 1. What Protestant subjects may expect to 
suffer under a Popish Prince according to those Laws; 2. 
That no Oath or Promise of such a Prince can give them any 
just security that he will not execute these Laws upon them. 
With a Preface against persecuting and destroying Hereticks. 
[By Daniel Whitby, DD.] 

4to Lond. 1682. Repr. 8vo Dublin 1723 

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In Beading's Catalogue of Sion College Library ascribed to Bp. 
Barlow. See an interesting notice of Whitby in Wortbington's Diary, 
vol. ii. part i. p 202. ^' A full account of tbis learned and voluminous 
writer will be found in the Biog. Brit." 

C« 1^ A Letter from a Gentleman in the Country to his Friend in Lon- 
don on the subject of the penal laws and tests. 4to Lond. 
1687. A second Letter, &c., 1687. A third Letter, 1687. 

Remarks on the several sanguinary and penal laws made in Farlia- 
ment against Roman Catholics. With some reasons humbly 
offered in order to obtain a Repeal of those Laws for the 
better advancement of His Majesty's Service and the ease of 
many of his most loyal subjects. pp. 24, 4to Lond. 1687 

Advice to Freeholders and other Electors of members to serve in 
Parliament, in relation to the Penal Laws and the Test. 

4to 1687 

The good old Test revived and recommended to all sincere Chris- 
tians. 4to 1687 

A Letter concerning the Test and Persecution for Conscience 
sake, to a member of the House of Lords. 4to 1687 

A Letter in answer to a City Friend shewing how agreeable Liberty 
of Conscience is to the Church of England. 

pp. 10, 4to Lond. 1687 

A Discourse for taking off the Test and Penal Laws about Re- 
ligion. 4to 1687 

The reasonableness of Toleration and the unreasonableness of 
Penal Laws and Tests. 4to 1687 

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How the Members of the Church of Englaud ought to behave C* %* 
themselves under a Koman Catholick King with reference to 
the test and penal laws. In a letter to a friend by a member 
of the same Church. pp. 221, 12mo Lond. 1687 

Three Letters tending to demonstrate how the security of this 
Nation against al future Persecution for Religion, lys in the 
Abolishment of the present penal Laws and Tests, and in the 
Establishment of a New Law for universal Liberty of Con- 
science, pp. 27, 4to, Lond. 1688 

Some necessary disquisitions and close expostulations with the , 
Clergy and People of England touching their loyalty. Writ- 
ten by a Protestant. 4to, 1688 

Old Popery as good as New; or the unreasonableness of the 
Church of England in some of her doctrines and practices, 
and the reasonableness of liberty of Conscience. 4to, 1688 

The Project for repealing the penal laws and tests, with the honor- 
able means used to effect it. Being a Preface to a Treatise 
concerning the penal laws and tests. . 4to Lond. 1688 

A New Test in lieu of the Old one by way of Supposition, or a 
satisfactory answer to that great and common question, viz. 
If the penal laws and tests should be abolished, how shall the 
Protestant Religion and interest be secured. By G. S. 

pp. 34, 4to Lond. 1688 
See Mackintosh's History of the Revolution, p. 224. 

Pax Redux, or the Christian Reconciler. In three parts. Being 
a project for reuniting all Christians into one sole commu- 
nion. Done out of French into English, by Philip Ayres, 
Esq. pp. 106^ 4to Lond. 1688 

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The famous Biill in Coena Domini, published at Rome every Maun- 
day-Thursday against Hereticks and all Infringers of ecclesi- 
astical Liberties. 4to Lond. 1689 

An Historical Account of making the Penal Laws by the Papists 
against the Protestants, and by the Protestants against the 
Papists* Wherein the true ground and reason of making the 
laws is given, the Papists most Barbarous usage of the Pro- 
testants here in England, under a colour of law, set forth ; 
and the Reformation Vindicated from the Imputation of 
being Cruel and Bloody, unjustly cast upon it by those of the 
Romish Communion. By Samuel Blaekerby, Barrister of 
Grays-Inn. Summa est ratio, quae Religioni fadt. 

Pol. Lond. 1689. 

Epistola ad clarissimum Virum T, A. R. P. T. O. L. A. [i.e. Theo- 
logise apud Remonstrantes Professorem, Tyrannidis Osorem^ 
Limburgium, Amstelodamensem] scripta a P. A. P* O. J. L. 
A. [i.e. Pacis Amico, Persecutionis Osore, Joanne Lockio, 
Anglo]. 12mo Tergon 1689 

C* %* *^ This piece was so highly approved of in Holland and England, 

that it was translated immediately into Dutch and English. It was 
translated likewise into French by Monsieur Le Clerc, who inserted it 
in the collection of miscellaneous discourses of Mr. Locke, printed in 
1710." An abstract of the English Letter was inserted in the nine- 
teenth volume of the Bibliotheque Universelle, p. 170 et seqq. " This 
letter was attacked by Mr. Jonas Proast in a piece intitled, The 
argument of the letter concerning toleration briefly considered and 
answered. Oxford, 1690, 4to. Upon this Mr. Locke published A 
second letter concerning toleration, Lond. 1690, 4to. Mr. Proast 
replied in A third letter, &c. Oxford 1691, 4to. Mr. Locke pub- 
lished in answer to this A third letter for toleration, 4to 1692, con- 
taining 350 pages. Mr. Proast made no reply for twelve years, but at 
last published a pamphlet of 18 pages against the long letter of Mr. 
Locke, who, though in a very declining state (for he died the same 
year) determined to reply in a fourth letter concerning toleration^" &c 

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Bayle, 1738, vol. vii. A deficiency in this letter has been supplied in 0« 2^ 
Lord King's Life of John Locke. See ibid. On the Difference be- 
tween Civil and Ecclesiastical Power, indorsed Excommunication. 
Dated 1673-4 : pp. 297-304. And, Defence of Non Conformity, an 
unpublished work, in which he animadverts on The Unreasonableness 
of Separation, by Dr. SdUingfleet : pp. 341-54. Extract from Locke's 
Common-Place Book, art. Sacerdos, 285-91. 
See also Tracts on Allegiance, pp. 3-9. 

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Of the discourses written on occasion of the King's most 
gracious letters of indulgence. 

C* %* 39. A Letter to a dissenter, upon occasion of his majesty^s late 
gracious declaration of indulgence. pp. 7, 4to 1687 

By George Savile, Marquis of Halifax, bora about 1630, died 1695. 
In the State Papers, 1693, part i. p. 294. Soraers TracU. 

^' The Marquis of Hallifax, whose dexterity had been the active cause 
of throwing out the Bill of Exclusion, was in actiye opposition to King 
James ere he had held the throne two years, on which Kalph has the 
following sensible remarks : ^ It is no uncommon thing for statesmen 
to look one way and row another : and yet there is scarce any circum- 
stance of this reign more worthy of remark than the inconsistent parts 
now acted by two such eminent men as the Marquis of HaUifax 
and the Earl of Sunderland, and the inconsistent behaviour of his 
majesty towards them. The latter, who had gone warmly into the 
exclusion, under a seeming conviction of the many evils likely to 
befal the public under a catholic king, and who was now the oracle 
of the cabinet, laboured with all his might to introduce those very 
evils, if not to entail them on posterity. The Marquis, on the con- 
trary, who had been indefatigable to shew that exclusion alone was a 
greater evil than all those put togetlier, and yet was now out of place 
and favour, for that reason probably, took as much pains to convince 
the world that his former triumph was but a lucky mistake, and rather 
owing to the superiority of his parts than the goodness of his cause.' ** 
Ralph's History, vol. i. p. 953. 

*•*• Hallifax's object in the present tract is to prevent that dissension 
between the protestant non-conformists and the church of England, 
which the declaration was so likely to produce, and to unite them 
firmly against the papists." The Somers Tracts, vol. ix. p. 50 ; vol. ii. 
p. 364 of the original edition (first collection). 

'^ Of the numerous pamphlets in which the cause of the Court and 
the cause of the Church were at this time eagerly and anxiously 

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pleaded before the PoritaD, now, by a strange turn of fortune, the 
arbiter of tbe fate of his persecutors, one only is still remembered, 
the Letter to a Dissenter. In this masterly little tract all the argu- 
ments which could convince a Nonconformist that it was his duty and 
his interest to prefer an alliance with the Church to an alliance with 
the Court, were condensed into the smallest compass, arranged in the 
most perspicuous order, illustrated with lively wit, and enforced by an 
eloquence earnest indeed, yet never in its utmost vehemence trans- 
gressing the limits of exact good sense and good breeding. The effect 
of this paper was immense ; for as it was only a single sheet, more 
than twenty thousand copies were circulated by the post ; and there 
was no order of the kingdom in which the effect was not felt. 
Twenty-four ai^swers were published, but the town pronounced that 
they were all bad, and that Lestrange's was the worst of the twenty- 
four. The government was greatly irritated, and spared no pains to 
discover the author of the Letter; but it was found impossible to pro- 
cure legal evidence against him. Some imagined that they recognised 
the sentiments and diction of Temple. {Note. The letter was signed 
T. W. Care says, in his Animadversions, This Sir Politic T. W. or 
W. T. ; for some critics think that the truer reading). But in truth 
that amplitude and acuteness of intellect, that vivacity of fancy, that 
terse and energetic style, that placid dignity, half courtly half philo- 
sophical, which the utmost excitement of conflict could not for a 
moment derange, belonged to Halifax, and to Halifax alone." — 
Macaulay, vol. ii. p. 217. 

*' Lord Halifax published, on the same occasion, a Letter to a Dis- 
senter ; the most perfect model, perhaps, of a political tract ; which, 
although its whole argument, unbroken by diversion to general topics, 
is brought exclusively to bear with concentrated force upon the ques- 
tion, the parties, and the moment, cannot be read, after an interval of 
a century and a half, without admiration of its acuteness, address, 
terseness, and poignancy." — Mackintosh's History of the Revolution, 
p. 174. 

40. * Answer to a Letter to a Dissenter, upon occasion of His <t» 1^* 
Majesties late Gracious Declaration of Indulgence. 

pp. 6, 4to Lond. 1687. 

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In the Bodleian Catalogue is ^^ An Answer to the Letter to a Dis- 
senter, detecting, the unjust insinuations \^hich highly reflect on his 
majesty, as likewise the many false charges on the dissenters." ^' It 
is justly ohserved hy Sir Walter Scott that the object of the poem (The 
Hind and Panther) shews that Dryden was not in the secret of James . 
the Second, as the purpose of the monarch was to introduce a free 
exercise of the catholic religion, not by an union between its adherents 
and the members of the established church, but by uniting the dissent- 
ing congregations in a common interest against the exclusive power 
and privileges of the panther and her subjects," — Butlers Memoirs of 
the English, &c., Catholics. 

C*%* 41. Animadyersions on a late Paper entituled^«A Letter to a Dis- 
senter^ upon occasion of his Majesties late Gracious Declara- 
tion of Indulgence. By H. [enry] C. [are] . 

pp. 40, 4to Lond. 1687 
See No. 24 supra* A. Wood gives this account of Henry Care : 
" He is several times reflected upon by Roger L'Estrange in his Ohser- 
vaiorSy for a poor snivelling fellow ; who after he had wrote several 
things in behalf of the church of England and the presbyterians, and 
had reflected on both the Universities in several of his writings as 
popishly affected, was at length prevailed upon in the time of James 
II, to write for the Roman Catholics, against the Church which he 
before had eagerly defended; whereby it was made manifest that 
what he wrote was not for religion, or conscience' sake, which he be- 
fore did pretend, but for interest." Peck gives the title, ^* Animadver- 
sions on a late pamphlet^" &c., but the original reads *^ paper," as 
above.— J", ff. T. 

C* %• 42. An Answer to a Letter to a Dissenter upon occasion of His 
Majesties late Gracious Declaration of Indulgence. By Sir 
Roger L'Estrange. pp. 60, 4to Lond. 1687 

Born 1616, died 1704. The Letter is incorporated. "This," con- 
cludes L'Estrange, ^Ms enough for my present purpose; and if it be 
not so for common satisfaction, my Third Volume of Observators has 
fifty times as much upon this Subject" (the King's Prerogative, and 
the Duty of a Subject). 

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** The most just principles of unbounded freedom in religion' were 
now the received creed at St. James's. Even Sir Roger L'Estrange 
endeavoured to save his consistency, by declaring that though he had 
for twenty years resisted religious liberty as a right of the people, he 
acquiesced in it as a boon from the King. — Mackintosh, p. 174. 

43. An Answer from the Country to a late Letter to a Dissenter C* %* 

upon occasion of his Majesty's late Gracious Declaration of 
Indulgence. By a member of the Church of England. 4to 1687 

44. A modest Censure of the immodest Letter to a Dissenter^ C« %* 
upon occasion of His Majesty's late Gracious Declaration for 
Liberty of Conscience. By T. N. a true member of the 
Church of England. pp. 24, 4to Lond. 1687 

45. ^ A second Letter to a Dissenter upon occasion of his Ma- C* !/♦ 

jesty's late Gracious Declaration of Indulgence. 

pp. 18, 4to Lond. 1687 
Not from a Bomanist, but a member of a Congregational Church. 

46. ^ The Lay-man's Opinion, sent in a Private Letter to a con- C« %* 

siderable Divine of the Church of England. By W.[m] 
D.[arell]. pp. 8, 4to 1687 

47. The Lay-man's Answer to a Lay-man's Opinion. In a Letter C* %^ 

to a Friend. pp. 12, 4to Lond. 1687 

48. The Reasons of the Oxford Clergy against addressing. 

In the ninth volume of the Somers Tracts will be found — "A 
Copy of an Address to the King by the Bishop of Oxon, to be 
subscribed by the clergy of his Diocess; with the Reasons for the 
Subscription to the Address, and the Reasons against it." With the 
following note : " That the declaration might be so much the less un- 
palatable, and that those of the legal church might not be rendered 
desperate, his majesty had been advised to open it with a clause that 
seemed to be in their favour, viz. : ^ In the first place we do declare 

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that we will protect and maintain onr archbishops, bishops and clergy, 
and all other our subjects of the church of England in the free exer- 
cise of their religion as by law established ; and in the quiet and full 
enjoyment of all their possessions, without any molestation or disturb- 
ance whatsoeTer.' Now there wanted not undertakers, even among 
the bishops themselres, to procure addresses of thanks from the clergy 
of their respective dioceses to his Majesty, for the instances of his gra- 
cious regard towards them. Those of Durham, Chester, Lincoln, Litch- 
field and Coventry, and St. David's had their endeavours countenanced 
at least, if not fully answered ; for after the form which had been set 
by the first of those right reverend fathers, the rest, at different times, 
made their compliments to the throne. But Samuel Parker, Bishop of 
Oxford, not satisfied with this simple mode of proceeding, insisted up- 
on his clergy joining him in the address, which produced the following 

See also Ralph's History, vol. i. p. 947, where are enumerated some 
of ^Uhe varieties of adulation that steam'd up to the Throne from 
every comer of the Kingdom, on this occasion." — Mackintosh's His- 
tory of the Revolution, p. 176. 

©♦ 1^ 49. ^ A Reply to the Oxford-Clergy against addressing. 

pp. 20, 4to Lond. 1687 
The clergy having decidedly the better in their contest with the 
bishop. Sir Robert L'Estrange, the Coryphaeus of his party, was in- 
voked to the prelate's support, and produced this defence of the pro- 
posed address. 

50. An Answer of a Minister of the Church of England to a sea- 
sonable and important Question^ proposed to him by a Loyal 
and Beligious Member of the present House of Commons. 
©♦ S^ Viz. What Respect ought the True Sons of the Church of 

England, in point of Conscience and Christian Prudence, to 
bear to the Religion of that Church, whereof the King is a 
member. pp. 63, 4to Lond. 1687 

How vast the contrast between the autonomic independency incul- 
cated in the writings of De Foe, (see A New Test of the Church of 
England's Loyalty; or Whiggish Loyalty and Church Loyalty com- 

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pared ; in the ninth volume of Somers Tracts, pi 569, in the original 
edition, vol. iii. fourth collection, pp. 1-15,) and the suicidal extrava- 
gances of loyalty scattered through the pages of the most eminent 
Divines of the seventeenth century, e.g. Sanderson, South, Kettle well. 
These champions of Divine Right, not content with the limited ohedi- 
ence advocated hy Grotius and Puffendorf, ut wupra^ p. 39, and Bar- 
clay, De Regno, et Regali Potestate, 4 to Parisiis 1600, were ready 
in their impolitic and servile speculations to sacrifice the redemption 
of the whole world to the Juggernaut processions of their Sovereign 
Lord, or Vicarius Dei. " No conjuncture of circumstances whatso- 
ever, can make that expedient to he done at any time, that is of itself 
and in the kinde unlawful. For a man to blaspheme the holy name 
of God, to sacrifice to idols, to give wrong sentence in judgement, by 
his power to oppresse those that are not able to withstand him, by 
subtilty to overreach others in bargaining, to take up arms (offensive 
or defensive) against a lawfull Soveraign : none of all these, and sun- 
dry other things of like nature, being all of them simply and de toto 
genere unlawful, may be done by any man, at any time, in any case, 
upon any colour or pretension whatsoever; the express command of 
God himself only excepted, as in the case of Abraham for sacrificing 
his son. Not for the avoiding of scandal ; not at the instance of any 
fi*iend, or command of any power upon earth ; not for the maintenance 
of the lives or liberties either of ourselves or others ; not for the defence 
of Religion ; not for the preservation of Church or State : no nor yet, 
if that could be imagined possible, for the salvation of a soul, no nor 
for the redemption of the whole world." Sanderson s twelfth Sermon 
ad Aulam, p. 232, fol. 1656. See also De Foes New Test; Edin- 
burgh Review, vol. Iv. p. 51, (Bowles's Life of Bishop Ken); and 
Mackintosh's Bistory of the Revolution, pp. 153 and 294. This is 
perhaps an instance of the solidity of sense and matter being out- 
weighed by high-sounding Ciceronian sentences, in which, as has been 
observed by Bacon, many absurdities have originated, and which often 
mislead writers who are over studious of the fascinations of diction. 
^^ How many false thoughts has the desire of maintaining a nicety pro- 
duced ? . . . Who would not laugh to hear Bembo cry that the Pope 
was elected by the favour of the Immortal Gods" ? Port Royal Logic. 
I have said perhaps an instance, because Burnet states that Bishop 
Parker had exalted the King's authority in matters of religion in so in- 

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decent a manner that he condemned the ordinary form of saying the 
King was under God and Christ as a crude and profane expression ; 
saying, that though the King was indeed under God, yet he was not 
under Christ, hut above him. Burnet, vol. iii. p. 1186 ; (fol. 1724, vol. 
i. p. 696.) In the reign of James I. Bishop Parry ^' made an apology 
in the preface to his Welsh version of the Bible, for preferring the 
Deity to his majesty, after which we cannot be surprised at any 
instance of adulation." — Barrington's Observations on the Statutes. 

C* I* Reflections on his Majest/s Proclamation for a Toleration in Soot- 
land, [by Gilbert Burnet.] 1687 
The Proclamation is given here, and in Echard's History,- vol. iii. p. 
814. ^'He had determined to begin with Scotland, where his power 
to dispense with Acts of Parliament had been admitted by the obse- 
quious Estates." Macaulay, vol. ii. p. 205. Cf. Woodrow's History 
of the Sufferings of the Church of Scotland from the Bestauration to 
the Revolution, vol. ii. bk. iii. ch. xi. s. ii. *^ Of the various Acts of 
Indulgence granted this year (1687) and particularly that Liberty in 
July, which Presbyterian Ministers fell into, with some remarks." 
Fountainhall's Historical Notices, 1661-1668. Balcarras's Memoirs 
touching the Revolution in Scotland, 1688-90. Printed for the Ban- 
natyne Club, 1841. Echard's Histor}% vol. iii. p. 817. Hallam's 
Constitutional History, vol. ii. ch. 17. 

His Majesties most Gracious Declaration to all his Loving Subjects 
for Liberty of Conscience. Fol. a single Sheet. In State 
Tracts, 1693. Part ii. p. 287. 

His Majestie^s Gracious Declaration for Liberty of Conscience in 
which his Majesty says his ^' intentions are not changed since 
the 4th of April 1 687.'' Folio 1 688 

Cr*%* Six Papers containing I. Reasons against the Repealing the Acts of 
Parliament concerning the Test. Humbly offered to the consi- 
deration of the Members of both Houses at thiir nest Meeting, 

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pp. 7. II. Some Reflections on his Majesties Proclamation 
of the Twelfth of February 168? for a Toleration in Scotland, 
together with the said Proclamation, pp. 9-16. Proclama- 
tion 16-19. III. A Letter, containing some Reflections 
on His Majesties Declaration for Liberty of Conscience, Dated 
the Fourth of April 1687. pp. 21-30. 

^' These Reflections appear now too late to have one effect 

that was designed hy them, which was, the diverting men from making 
Addresses upon it ; yet if what is here proposed makes men become 
so far wise as to be ashamed of what they have done, and is a means 
to keep them from carrying their Courtship farther than good words, 
this Paper will not come too late." (In State Tracts, 1693, vol. ii. p. 
^ 292, 293.) In reference to this tract Mackintosh observes : Burnet 
the historian, then at the Hague, published a letter of warning to the Dis- 
senters, in which he owns and deplores '*the Persecution," acknow- 
ledging the " temptation under which the Nonconformists are to receive 
every thing which gives them present ease with a little too much kind- 
ness"; and blames most severely the members of the Church who 
applauded the Declaration, but entreats the Nonconformists not to 
promote the designs of the common enemy. The residence and con - 
nections of the writer bestowed on this publication the important 
character of an admonition from the Prince of Orange. He had been 
employed by some leaders of the Church to procure that Prince's -in- 
terference with the Dissenters, to prevent their being misled by the 
King ; and Dykvelt the Dutch minister, assured both the Church and 
the Dissenters of his Highness's resolution to promote union between 
them, and to maintain the common interests of Protestants. History 
of the Revolution, p. 174. See also Ralph's History, vol. i. p. 949. 

IV. An Answer to a Paper, printed with Allowance, Entitled, 
A new Test of the Church of England's Loyalty, pp. 31-39. 

V. Remarks on the two Papers {ut supra^ p. 19). pp. 41-48. 

VI. The Citation of Gilbert Burnet, D.D. To Answer in Scot- 
land on the 27th June OM Stile, for High Treason : Together 
with his Answer; and Three Letters, writ by him upon that 
Subject, to the Bight Honourable the Earl of Middletoune, his 
Majesties Secretary of State, pp. 67. By G. Burnet. Hague 
Jun. 27 Old St. 1687. 


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An Apology for the Church of England with relation to the Spirit 
of Persecution for which she is accused. Bj G. Burnet. 

In Somers Tracts, vol. ix. p. 174, with a note on the important share 
this active politician had in the Revolution. First collection, vol. ii. 
p. 532. 

A plain Account of the Persecution, now laid to the charge of the 
Church of England. 

In Somers Tracts. First collection, vol. ii. pp. 525-31. 
" The stand which the hishops and clergy of the church of England 
made against the indulgence was ascribed by their antagonists, whe- 
ther catholics or dissenters of the more violent sort, to a spirit of in- 
tolerance and persecution. Dryden, whose Hind and Panther appeared 
about this time, charges this arbitrary and tyrannical temper upon the 
church in the following lines : 

' If you condemn that prince of tyranny 
Whose mandate forced your Gallic friend to fly. 
Make not a worse example of your own.' 
This was not a charge under which the church of England could 
remain with safety, at a period when the king was seeking to unite 
against the establishment dissenters of every persuasion. Various 
papers were therefore published to take off the edge of that imputa- 
tion, and to propitiate the minds of protestant nonconformists.** — Sir 
W. Scott's edition, vol. ix. This tract is also in the State Papers, part 
ii. p, 322, 1693. 

Notes upon Mr. Dryden's Poems, in Four Letters. By M. CliflFord, 
late Master of the Charter House, Lond. To which are an- 
nexed Some Reflections upon the Hind and Panther. By an- 
other Hand. pp. 35, 4to Lond. 1687 

A Bicpresentation of the threatening dangers impending over Pro- 
testants in Great Britain ; with an Account of the arbitrary and 
Popish ends, unto which the Declaration for Liberty of Con- 
science in England, and the Proclamation for a Toleration in 
Scotland, are designed. By Robert Ferguson. 

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In State Tracts, part ii. 380-419. Somers Tracts, Yol. ix. 315-67, 
which gives a memoir of the author. See also The Jacohlte Trials at 
Manchester in 1694; edited hy William Beamont, Esq. 1853. 

Their Highness the Prince and Princess of Grangers opinion about 

a general Liberty of Conscience, &c.^ being a Collection of four C* %• 
select Papers, viz. 

I. A Letter virrit by Mijn Heer Fagel, Pensioner of Hol- 
land, to Mr. James Stewart, Advocate, giving an Account of 
the Prince and Princess of Orange's Thoughts concerning the 
Repeal of the Test and the Penal Laws. pp. 8, 4to Lond. 1688. 

Written in 1687. 

*^ The eyes of all men were at this time turned on the Prince of 
Orange, whose opinions respecting James's proceedings were very 
likely to crush the opposition made to them, or to blow it into an 
irresistible flame. ^Complaints,' says Burnet, then resident at the 
Hague, ^ came daily over from England of all the high things that the 
priests were every where throwing out. [See a remarkable Letter 
from a Jesuit, of the state of England, in Echard's History, vol. iii. pp. 
811-13.] Penn the quaker came over to Holland. He was a talking, 
vain man, who had long been in the king's favour, he being the rice- 
admiral's son. . . . He undertook to persuade the prince to come into 
the king's measures, and had two or three long audiences of him upon 
the subject; and he and I spent some hours together on it. The prince 
readily consented to a toleration of popery as well as of the dissenters, 
prorided it were proposed and passed in parliament ; and he promised 
his assistance, if there wos need of it, to get it to pass ; but for the 
tests he would enter into no treaty about them. He said it was a plain 
betraying the security of the protestant religion to give them up ... . 
To all (Penn's promises in the name of the king) the prince replied 
that no man was more for toleration in principle than he was; he 
thought the conscience was only subject to God ; and as far as a gene- 
ral toleration even of papists would content the king, he would concur 
in it heartily. But he looked on the tests as such a real security, and 
indeed the only one, that he would join in no counsels with those that 
intended to repeal those laws that enacted them. Penn said the king 
would hove all or nothing ; but that if this was once done, the king 

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would secure the toleration by a solemn and unalterable law. To this 
the late repeal of the edict of Nantes, that was declared perpetual and 
irrevocable, furnished an answer that admitted of no reply. So Penn's 
negociation with the prince had no effect.' — Burnet, vol. iii. p. 1182. 
It became necessary to apprize those who opposed James's measures, 
i.e, almost all his protestant subjects, of the sentiments of the prince of 
Orange concerning the penal laws and dispensing power. This was 
through the medium of the letter from the giund pensioner of Holland, 
which was industriously dispersed through England." Somers Tracts, 
vol. ix. p. 183. First Collection, vol. ii. pp. 540-45. 
C* %• II. Reflexions on Monsieur FageFs Letter. In State Tracts, 

1693, part ii. pp. 338-42. III. Fagel's second Letter to Mr. 
Stewart. IV. Some Extracts out of Mr. Stewart^s printed 
Letter, 4to 1689. 

Answer to Mr. FageFs Letter concerning the Penal Laws and Tests. 
By James Stewart. 4<to Lond. 1688. The same in French, 
4to Lond. 1688. 

^'A Scotch Whig, named James Stewart, had fled some years 
before to Holland, in order to avoid the boot and the gallows, and had 
become intimate with the Grand Pensionary Fagel, who enjoyed a 

large share of the Stadtholder's confidence and favour When 

the Indulgence appeared, Stewart conceived that he had an opportunity 
of obtaining not only pardon but reward. He offered his services to 
the government of which he had been the enemy : they were accepted : 
and he addressed to Fagel a letter purporting to have been written by 
direction of James. In that letter the Pensionary was exhorted to 
use all his influence with the Prince and Princess, for the purpose 
of inducing them to support their Father's policy. After some 
delay Fagel transmitted a reply, deeply meditated and drawn up 
with exquisite art. No person who studies that remarkable docu- 
ment can fail to perceive that although it is framed in a manner 
well calculated to reassure and delight English Protestants, it contains 
not a word that could give offence, even at the Vatican. It was an- 
nounced that William and Mary would assist in abolishing every law 
which made any Englishman liable to punishment for his religious 
opinions. But between punishments and disabilities a distinction was 

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taken. To admit Roman Catholics to office wonld, in the judgment 
of their Highnesses, be neither for the general interest of England, nor 
even for the interest of the Roman Catholics themselves. This mani- 
festo was translated into several languages, and circulated widely on 
the Continent Of the English version carefully prepared by Burnet, 
near fifty thousand copies were introduced into the eastern shires, and 
rapidly distributed over the whole kingdom. No state paper was ever 
more completely successful. The Protestants of our island applauded 
the manly firmness with which William declared that he could not 
consent to entrust papists with any share in the government The 
Roman Catholic princes, on the other hand, were pleased with the 
mild and temperate style in which the resolution was expressed, and 
by the hope which he held out that under his administration no mem- 
ber of their Church would be molested on account of religion." — 
Macaulay, vol. ii. pp. 261-262. 

Animadv^ersions upon a pretended Answer to Mijn Heer FagersC«l^ 
Letter. . pp. 30, 4to Lend. 1688. In State Tracts, 1693. Part 
ii. pp. 343-362. 

The Anatomy of an Equivalent. [By George Savile, Marquis o(C*%* 
Halifax. In State Tracts, 1693, Part ii. pp. 300-309.] 

" Even Penn, intemperate and undisceming as was his zeal for the 
Declaration, seems to have felt that the partiality with which honours 
and emoluments were heaped on Roman Catholics might not unnatu- 
rally excite the jealousy of the nation. He owned that if the Test 
Act were repealed, the Protestants were entitled to an equivalent, and 
went so far as to suggest several equivalents." — Macaulay, vol. ii. p. 
238. " This project," says Echard (Hist, of England, vol. iii. p. 850), 
"was soon shattered, and the word sufficiently dissected hy the 
admirable pen of the Marquiss of Hallifax, in a pamphlet etc. in which 
arc many notable passages, but that towards the conclusion is worthy 
of a place in History, and of the remembrance of all Princes and great 
Ministers." Barclay, in his Argenis, presents some political counsels 
equally appropriate, lib. i. cap. xviii. The king declared that he 
would maintain his loving subjects in their properties and posses- 
sions as well of church and abbey lands as of any other. In oppo- 

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sition to the doctrine of resumption founded on the Council of Trent, 
was published, by his Majesty's command, The Assurance of Abbey 
and other Church Lands in England to the Possessors, cleared from 
the doubts and arguments raised about the danger of Resumption etc. 
By Nathaniel Johnston M.D. 12mo Lond 1687. On the other side 
appeared, Abby and Church-Lands, not yet assured to such Possessors 
as are Roman Catholicks : dedicated to the Nobility and Gentry of 
that Religion. In State Tracts, Part ii. pp. 326-330, and the ninth 
volume of Somers Tracts, p. 68. See also Burnet's History of the 
Reformation, part ii. fol. 297, and A Letter written to Dr. Burnet giving 
some Account of Cardinal Pole's secret Powers ; from which it appears 
that it never was intended to confirm the Alienation that was made 
of the Abbey-lands. To which are added Two Breves that Cardinal 
Pole brought over, and some other of his Letters that were never 
before printed, 1685. In the seventh volume of the Harleian Miscel- 
lany, pp. 258-270. 

Mr. Massey^s Licence, Dispensation and Pardon, 1686. 

The Editor of the State Letters and Diary of Henry Earl of Cla- 
rendon observes, But of all the papers which enrich the Appendix, the 
Dispensation to Massey, Dean of Christchurch, is the most remarkable ; 
as the existence of any such Dispensation seems to have escaped the 
enquiries of every Historian of James's reign. When Bishop Burnet 
tells us that the Deanery of Christchurch was given to Massey, one of 
the new converts ; who at the first went to prayers in the Chapel, but 
soon after declared himself more openly; by this lame account the 
Bishop allows his readers to believe that some appearances were saved, 
and that Massey had not absolutely disclaimed Protestantism till after 
he was in possession of his Deanery. But we now know the con- 
trary ; and future Historians will justly treat the Dispensation granted 
to this Popish Dean of Christchurch as the most alarming of all the 
attacks made by King James the Second on the Constitution. It will 
©♦%♦ ^® found also in Gutch's Collect, vol. i. pp. 294-299. "This dispen- 

sation to Massey contained an ostentatious enumeration of the laws 
which it sets at defiance." — Mackintosh. See also Macaulay. 

An Instance of Queen Elizabeth^s Power of dispensing with Acts of 

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Parliament, offered to the consideration of the Gentlemen of 
the University of Cambridge: together with some Queries 
thereupon. Printed by Henry Hills, Printer to the King's 
most excellent Majesty for his Household and Chapel, 1687. 

This paper is in Ralph's History, vol. i. p. 259. ^« %^ 

The Trial of Sir Edw. Hale, Bart., for neglecting to take the Oaths 
of Supremacy and Allegiance, with his Plea thereto, upon the 
King's dispensing with the Stat. 25 Car. II., and the Opinion 
of the Judges thereupon. 

'* Armed with the sanction of the law, the king was resolved to 
push the advantages of victory, and to exercise in a wider range that 
branch of the prerogative which had hitherto been palliated with the 
pretence of gratitude ; and confined to those officers, who had meri- 
toriously served him during the rebellion of Monmouth." Somervile's 
History of Political Transactions, &c. Cf. Jus Regium Coronss. Ac- 
cordingly he made an attempt to exercise this unlicensed and obnoxious 
power in the UniverHity of Cambridge and at Magdalen College, Ox- 
ford. The history of these disputes will be found in the following 
works, relating to the Court of Commissioners. 

A short Account of Sir Edward Hale's Case. By "Sir Edward 
Herbert. pp. 39, 4to Lond. 1688 

It will be found in the second volume of the Collection of State C* |U 
Trials, 1735. 

The King's Visitatorial Power asserted ; being an impartial Relation 
of the late Visitation of St. Mary Magdalene College^ Oxford ; 
as likewise an Historical Account of several Visitations of the 
Universities and particular Colleges : together with some neces- 
sary remarks upon the King's Authority in Ecclesiastical Cases, 
according to the laws and usages of this Realm : written by 
direction. By Nath. Johnston, M.D. 

Dr. J. was employed by the Commissioners to vindicate their pro- 

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An Enquiry into the power of dispensing with Penal Statutes^ toge- 
ther with some Animadversions upon a Book writ by Sir Edw. 
Herbert, entitled, A Short Account, &c. By Sir Robert 
Atkyns. Folio, Loud. 1689 

Lord Chief Justice Herbei't^s Case of Sir Edward Hale examined, 
where it is shewn that his Authorities are very unfairly stated 
and as ill applied. 

Examination of Sir Edward Herbert's Account of the Authorities in 
Law, whereby he could excuse his Judgment in Sir E. Hale's 
Case. 4to, Lend. 1689 

The arguments on this qnestion are contained in the Tracts of Sir 
Edward Herbert, Sir R. Atkyns, and Mr. Attwood, published after the 
Reyolution. State Trials, yoI. xi. That of Attwood is the most dis- 
tinguished for acuteness and research. Sir Edward Herbert's is 
feebly reasoned, though elegantly written. — Mackintosh. 

C*iL* A Vindication of the Proceedings of his Majesties Ecclesiastical 
Commissioners against the Bishop of London, and the Fellows 
of Magdalen College. 4to Lond. 1688 

A Letter to the Author of the Vindication, etc. 4to, Eleutheropoli. 

Ct %♦ The Legality of the Court held by his Majesties Ecclesiastical Com- 
missioners defended. Their proceedings no Argument against 
the taking off Penal Laws and Tests, pp. 39, 4to Lond. 1 688 
^^No argument against," but rather incentive to this measure. 
When liberty of conscience is established, there will be no such 
Court ; but now " the King can either muzzle all the Clergy, or ty up 
the hands of Protestant Dissenters, and get a Parliament that shall set 
up Popery." 

C %. The King^s Power in Ecclesiastical Matters truly stated. In State 
Tracts, 1693. Part ii. pp. 831-834. 

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On the origin of the High Commission Court daring the reign of 
Queen Elizaheth, King James the First, and King Charles the First, 
see Sandersons Episcopacy not Prejudicial to Regal Power, 1661. 
^' The main point of the Act of Ist of Elizaheth, hy which the Queen 
had power giren her to punish all that she should think fit, hy any 

free horn subject to whom she should delegate her power 

was repealed hy Charles I., and the repeal confirmed lately by Charles 

II So that without seeing the last Acts of Parliament, no 

man can tell what the religion of England is." — Martin Green's Let- 
ters, 1664, as quoted in Dr. Oliver's Collections towards illustrating 
the Biography of the Scotch, English and Irish Members, of the 
Society of Jesus. Lend. 1845. 

A Letter from the Bishop of Rochester to the Bight Honourable the 
Earl of Dorset and Middlesex, Lord Chamberlain, concerning 
his sitting in the late Ecclesiastical Commission. 

pp. 20, 4toLond. 1688 
See Echard's History of England, vol. iii. p. 876. 

An Exact Account of the whole Proceedings against Henry Lord 
Bishop of London before the Lord Chancellor and the other 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners. 4to Lond. 1688. 

Burnet, vol. i. p. 677. Barillon, Sept. -^^ 1686. The public pro- 
ceedings are in the Collection of State Trials. (Macaulay.) See also 
Lingard, Buckle's History of Civilization, p. 369. " The insane and 
almost incredible attempt of James 11. to set up a High Commission 
Court by his pretended right at common law or by his prerogative to 
do so, is familiar to all -readers, through the exquisite pen of Lord 
Macaulay." (The Acts of the High Commission Court within the 
Diocese of Durham. Printed for the Surtees Society. Durham, 

Lawfulness of the Oath of Supremacy and Power of the King in 
Ecclesiastical Affairs vindicated, with Queen Elizabeth^s Ad- 
monition, &c. By Philip Nye. 4to Lond. 1683-87-88 

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Considerations touching the Great Question of the King's Bight 
in dispensing with the Penal Laws ; written on the occasion 
of his late Blessed Majesty's granting the Free Toleration 
and Indulgence. By Richard Langhom. Fol. Loud. 1687 

The King's Dispensing Power explicated and asserted. 

In Somers' Collection. See Ralph, who describes it as written in 
the style and printed in the manner of Lestrange, vol. i. p. 948. 

Compare A Speech against the Suspending and Dispensing Preroga- 
C* %* tive, &c. in A Collection of Scarce and interesting Tracts, written by 

Persons of Eminence; upon the most important political and com- 
mercial subjects, during the years 1763-1770. Lond. 1787. Vol. 
ii. pp. 225-305. ^'The argument upon this great and interesting 
question was fully stated in the above pamphlet; which was by many 
ascribed to Lord Mansfield : but this was not true, for it was written 
or sketched out first by Mr. Mackintosh, and afterwards corrected and 
great additions made by Lord Temple and Lord Lyttleton." 

Jus Regium Coronse, or the King^s supreme Power in dispensing 
with Penal Statutes^ more particularly as it relates to the two 
Test Acts, in two Parts. By John Wilson, pp. 79, 4to 1688 
See Numbers 26, 27, 30. 

The King^s Right of Indulgence in Spiritual Matters with the 
Equity thereof Asserted by a Person of Honour and Eminent 
C* %* Minister of State lately deceased [Arthur Annesley, Earl of 

Anglesea.] Prin^d by Henry Care. 

pp. 75, 4to Lond. 1688 
The rights vested in the Crown are marked out, in a great measure, 
by the titles which the early law writers give the King, as will be 
seen in this tract and in Dr. Pusey's publication, ^^ The Royal Supre- 
macy not an arbitrary Authority but limited by the Laws of the 
Church, of which Kings are Members, Oxford 1850," in which the 
legitimate authority of Christian Princes has been shewn from ancient 
Precedents. " The word consecrated King occurs first in the Saxon 
Chronicle in the reign of Off% King of Mercia, the contemporary of 

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Charlemagne about 1000 years sioce ; and it is very probable that the 
ceremony of Ethelred was then used. From the peculiar and mixed 
authority conveyed by this ceremony to the head of the government, 
it has become a sacred fountain which has poured from its elevation 
similar streams on all lesser powers. The chief reason why it is now 
pointed out to the observation of the reader is to shew this ancient 
service of the consecration of our Kings, as furnishing in reality such 
a social contract, such proper origin of government, as the politicians 
and philosophers of modem times think ought to exist, and without 
which it is asserted power is an usurpation Similar cere- 
monies have long been used in the great kingdoms of Christendom ; 
and notwithstanding, by a strange fatality, no author writing on the 
origin of power in states, has ever turned his eye to it, to read the 
plain declarations laid down in it." — The Coronation Service, or 
Consecration of the Anglo-Saxon Kings, as it illustrates the Origin of 
the Constitution. By the Rev. Thomas Silver. Oxford 1831. 

A Letter in answer to two main Questions of the first Letter to a 
Dissenter. I. Whether Protestant Dissenters ought to refuse 
the proposed legal Toleration including Catholick Dissenters. 
II. Whether Protestant Dissenters ought to expect the said 
Toleration, until the next Succession upon the suggested 
hopes of excluding Catholicks. By T. G. 4to 1687 

i{« An Answer to the Letter to a Dissenter detecting the many 
unjust insinuations which highly reflect on his Majesty^ as 
likewise the many false charges on the Dissenters. 

4to Lond. 1687 

A Letter to a Friend in answer to a Letter to a Dissenter upon 
occasion etc., half- sheet folio. 

What Manner of Men the Clergy of the Church of England and 
their Creatures are, briefly and fairly shewn in a Letter oc- 
casioned by a Postcript in the above. 4to Lond. 1687 

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C«iL* An Answer to a Scandalous Pamphlet^ entitled, A Letter to a 
Dissenter concerning His Majesties late Declaration of 
Indulgence. [By Henry Payne.] pp. 8, 4to Lond. 1687 

An Answer to Mr. Payne's Letter etc. Writ to the Author of the 
Letter to a Disseuter [subscribed T. T] , By Gilbert Burnet. 

* 4to Lond. 1687 

C«%* In bis Collection of Eighteen Papers, 4to Loud. 1689, pp. 38-44. 

Very laudatory of William and Mary, as is also, Reflections on a 

Pamphlet, entitled, Parliamentum Pacificum, licensed by the Earl of 

Sunderland, and printed at London in March, 1688. Ibid. pp. 65-82. 

Remarks upon a Pamphlet, entifled^ A Letter to a Dissenter in 
another Letter to the same Dissenter. 

pp. 12, 4to Lond. 1687 

T. C D. Some queries concerning Liberty of Conscience, directed to Wm. 
Penn and Henry Care, s. 1. v. a. 4to. 

r, C, D. Some free reflexions upon occasion of the public discourse about 
Liberty of Conscience. 4to Lond. 1687. 

The Dissenters Jubilee : as it was sounded in the audience of a 
solemn assembly at the Public Meeting place in Spittle Fields 
near London, on Tuesday May 17th 1687, being a day of 
Thanksgiving to praise the Lord for his wonderful appear- 
ance and overruling Providence in the present Dispensation 
of Liberty of Conscience. By Charles Nicholets, Preacher of 
the Gospel and Pastor of a Congregation there. 

4to Lond. 1687 

Eeasons why the Church of England as well as Dissenters should 
make their address of thanks to the King's Majesty for his 
late Declaration for Liberty of Conscience. 4to Lond. 1687 

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Some Free Reflections upon occasion of the Public Discourse C« lrf» 
about Liberty of Conscience, and the consequences thereof, 
in the present conjuncture. By one who cordially imbraces 
whatsoever there is of true Religion in al Professions, and 
hates everything which makes any of them hate or hurt one 
another. 4to Lond. 1687 

Some sober and weighty Reasons against persecuting Protestant 
Dissenters for Difierence of Opinion in Matters of Religion. 
Humbly offered to the Consideration of all in Authority. 

*^ This tract seems designed to reconcile the church of England to 
the toleration as if it were chiefly intended for the benefit of the pro- 
testant dissenters. But the truth is that tho protestant dissenters 
were at the first publication of the indulgence so elated with their 
victory over the church of England, so irritated at the remembrance of 
past severities, and so dazzled with the unexpected and unusual blaze 
of royal favour, that they were for a time ready to throw themselves 
into the arms or at the foot of the monarch." — Somers Tracts, vol. 
ix. As is manifested by The Dissenters' Jubilee, ui supra^ and by 
A Letter from a Dissenter to the Petitioning Bishops ut infra. See also 
Brethren in Iniquity : or, The Confederacy of Papists with Sectaries, 
for the destroying of the True Religion, as by Law Establish'd, plainly 
detected. Wherein is shewn a farther Account of the Romish Snares 
and Intrigues for the destroying of 'the True Reformed Religion, as 
professed in the Church of England, and established by Law, and for 
the Introducing of Popery or Atheism among us ; clearly shewing from 
very authentic Writers and Testimonies. That the principal ways and 
methods whereby the Papists have sought the ruine of our Religion 
and Church, from the beginning of our Reformation to the present 
Times, and by which they are still in hopes of compassing it, are by 
promoting of Toleration, or pretended Liberty of Conscience ; and that 
for above these sixscore years the Papists have so craftily influenced 
our Dissenters, as to make them the unhappy Instruments of effecting 
their most pernicious designs, which they contrived for the Subverting 
our Church and State. 4to Lond. 1690. And, A Representation of 
the threatening dangers, etc. ut supra p. 82. 

The Toleration Act, which was passed in 1689, was considered as 

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having given to the Dissenters the possession of all they had a right to 
claim ; but the Act by which Dissenters were kept out of Corpora- 
tions was not repealed till the year 1828> although their claims were 
in 1787, 1788 and 1789 so maturely considered and thoroughly un- 
derstood that, but for the indisposition of the King, their applications 
for redress would perhaps even at that time have been successful. 
See I. The Substance of the Speech delivered by Henry Beaufoy 
Esq., on his Motion for the Repeal of the Test and Corporation 
Acts, &c. Lond. 1787. II. A Letter to the Bishops on the appli- 
cation of the Protestant Dissenters . , including Strictures 

on some passages in the Bishop of Gloucester's Sermon, on January 
30, 1788. Lond. 1789. III. The Debate in the House of Com- 
mons on Mr. Beaufoy's Motion for the Repeal of such parts of the 
Test and Corporation Acts as affect the Protestant Dissenters, on Fri- 
day the Eighth of May 1789. Lond. 1789. IV. The Right of Pro- 
testant Dissenters to a comj^leat Toleration asserted; containing an 
Historical Account of the Test Laws, and shewing the injustice, inex- 
pediency and folly of the Sacramental Test, as now imposed with 
respect to Protestant Dissenters; with an answer to the Objection 
from the Act of Union with Scotland. By a Layman. Lond. 1789. 
V. Two Speeches delivered in the House of Commons on Tuesday the 
2nd of March 1790, by the Right Honourable Charles James Fox, in 
support of his Motion for a Repeal of the Corporation and Test Acts. 
Lond. 1790. In the time of George the First a clause was introduced 
for repealing certain parts of these Acts into a bill introduced into the 
House of Lords, but failed, although it was supported by some men 
most eminent for loyalty and public spirit, and likewise by some of the 
most learned among the Bishops, but more especially by Hoadley, 
bishop of Bangor, and Ken net, bishop of Peterborough. See a list of 
Tracts written by Bishop Hoadley in the Bangorian Controversy, as 
it was afterwards called. Works, vol. ii. p. 379. A defence of these 
Acts by Warburton, Sherlock, Ellys and Horsley will be found in the 
Churchman arnied against the Errors of the Time. It is stated above 
that the indisposition of the king arrested the progress of the repeal of 
these acts; but it must be remembered that it was the boast of 
George the Third that he would bequeath the government to his suc- 
cessor in the same state as that in which he received it. See Buckle, 
p. 422. 

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A Letter from a Gentleman in the City to a Friend in the 
Country. By William Sherlock, D.D., 1688. 

In Baldwin's Farther State Papers, 809-16. — See Mackintosh, C« I^ 
p. 245. 

An Answer from a Country Clergyman to the Letter of his 
Brother in the City (Dr. Sherlock). June, 1688 

A Letter of several French Ministers fled into Germany upon C« I/« 
the account of the Persecution in France, to such of their 
Brethren in England, as approved the Kings Declaration 
touching Liberty of Conscience. Translated from the Ori- 
ginal in French. 4to, no date or place. 

A Letter from a Clergy-Man in the City to his Friend in the 
Country containing his Reasons for not reading the Declara- 
tion, 22 May 1688. 1 sheet 4to, 1688 

A Letter from a Clergy-Man in the Country to the Clergy-Man 
in the City etc. shewing the insufficiency of his reasons 
therein contained for not reading the Declaration. By a 
Minister of the Church of England, pp. 40, 4to Lond. 1688 

An Answer to the City Minister's Letter from his Country Friend. 


Letters about reading King Jameses Declaration of Indulgence to 8. C 
Dissenters in 1688. With Answers to Beplys. 

4to Lond. 1688 

The Minister's B«asons for not reading the King's Declaration, 
friendly debated. By a Dissenter. Allowed to be Published 
this 2l8t day June 1688. pp. 24, 4to Lond. 1688 

An Expedient for Peace; persuading an agreement amongst 

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Christians from the impossibility of their agreement in 
matters of religion. Also shewing the nature and causes of 
the present differences ; the unreasonableness of persecution^ 
the equity of toleration, and the great benefits of a Pacific 
Charter. pp. 40, 4to Lond. 1688 

Pax Redux, or the Christian Reconciler. In three parts. Being 
a project for reuniting all Christians into one sole communion. 
Done out of French into English by Philip Ayres. 

pp. 106, 4to Lond. 1688 

C« I/* The Petition of William Bancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury and 
six other Bishops to his Majesty touching their not distri- 
buting and publishing the Declaration of Conscience. 

4to 1688 
^^ The dispute between the King and the Church was now drawing 
to a crisis. The King renewed his declaration of indulgence upon 
27th April 1688, and upon the 4th May following enjoined the 
. bishops to disperse it through their several dioceses for the purpose of 
its being read by the clergy in all the churches. The six bishops 
were St. Asaph, Ely, Bath and Wells, Peterborough, Chichester and 
Bristol. They laid before him the reasons that determined them not 
to obey the order of Council that had been sent them. This flowed 
from no want of respect to his Majesty's authority, nor from any 
unwillingness to let favour be shewed to Dissenters, in relation to 
whom they were willing to come to such a temper as should be 
thought fit, when that matter should be considered and settled in 
Parliament and Convocation." — Burnet's History. The Declaration 
of Charles II. in 1662 and 1672, which was pronounced unconstitu- 
tional in Parliament, dispensed only with penal laws. Sec Marlow's 
Account of the Growth of Popery. In State TracU, part ii. p. 80, 
1689. Matter of Fact, by the E[arl] of C[larendon] concerning the 
King's Dispensing Power, etc. lu Gutch, part i. p. 309. Minutes 
for his Grace of Canterbury : prepared by Mr. Hanses, to have bc^n 
spoken at the Triall. In Gutch, ibid. 363-69. A Speech prepared 
by the Bishop of St. Asaph, to have been spoken at the Triall, ibid. 

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369-74. The Petition is in the ninth Tolume of the Somers Tracts ; 
and, "with some Proceedings thereupon/' in the first volume of 
Gutch's Collectanea Curiosa, 335-62. 

Case of Beading Eling James's Declaration in 1688. Question 
whether a Divine of the Church of England may^ with a safe 
Conscience, read in the Church the K's D — n for Liberty of 
Conscience without expressing his consent to the Matter 
contained in it? By Edward Stillingfleet, D.D. Bishop of 
Worcester, in his Miscellaneous Discourses. 8vo Lond. 1735 
At the consultation of the London clergy Tillotson, Patrick, Sher- 
lock, Stillingfleet and Fowler were the minority against the Declara- 
tion. The majority yielded to the authority of a minority so 

The Lord Bishop of Bochester's Letter to the Bight Honourable 
the Lords Commissioners of his Majesty^s Ecclesiastical Court. 

In Somers Tracts. Fourth Collection, vol. il. p. 221. Harl. 
Miscell. vol, vii. p. 427, 4to. Fourth Collection of Papers relating to 
the Present Juncture of Affairs in England. 4 to Lond. 1688. 

Although he complied with the King's command in reading his 
Declaration, Bishop Sprat resigned his office as Conunissioner. — - See 
Macaulay; Burnet's Memoirs, vol. i. p. 675, vol. ii. p. 620; and 
Doyly's Life of Sancroft, vol. i. p. 229. 

A Short Discourse concerning the Beading his Majestjr's late 
Declaration in the Churchei. Set forth by the Bight 
Beverend Father in God, Herbert Lord Bishop of Hereford. 

pp. 15, 4to Lond. 1688 
In Somers Tracts. First Collection, vol. ii. pp. 361-3. 
•' I should never douht of God's merciful pardon in it, seeing I did 
it out of pure obedience to my King upon God's command, and to so 
good an end as the preserving of Truth and Peace among us." 

A Letter from a Dissenter to the petitioning Bishops. 

In the ninth volume of Somers Tracts. *^It was too much to 
expect that all the oppressed dissenters could he won by the reasoning 

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of Halifax and Burnet. Many there doubtless were who, like the 
author of this Tract, saw, or wished to see, nothing in the present 
national crisis, save the exaltation of dissenters of every description 
over their old enemies of the church of England." Here it will not 
be out of place to notice The Protestant Reconciler, by Daniel Whitby, 
1683, whose ^< piety, learning, and extensive charity will not be dis- 
puted, but his judgment, sagacity, and reasoning powers do not appear 
to have borne a due proportion to his extensive acquirements.** (Note 
in The Diary and Correspondence of Dr. Worthington, vol. ii. part i. 
p. 202.) What a violent storm this performance drew upon its 
author will be seen in Biog. Brit, and Chalmers. 

^ An Answer to a Paper importing a Petition of the Archbishop 
of Canterbury and six other Bishops to his Majesty touching 
their not distributing and publishing the late Declaration for 
Liberty of Conscience. 4to Lond. 1688 

In the ninth volume of Somers Tracts, pp. 119-31. ^^The bishops 
had no sooner taken their ground in direct opposition to James's 
measures, than pamphlets and libels of every description were pub- 
lished against them with unreserved hostility, under the authority of 
government They had sedulously avoided the appearance of giving 
publicity to their petition ; but that to which they themselves seemed 
decently averse, was privately managed by others, for the petition was 
scarce presented before it got into print, and was dispersed over the 
whole Kingdom by the clergy instead of the Declaration of Indulgence. 
The King therefore resolved no longer to keep terms with the church 
of England but to publish the petition in his own way, and with his 
own comments. Accordingly the following piece which appears to 
have been printed by authority, is a sort of casting the gauntlet by the 
crown to the church." It is inserted, with some Proceedings there- 
upon, in the first volume of Gutch's Collect. Cur. pp. 335-62. The 
calumny insinuated in this *' Answer" (p. 122) in the Life of James 
II. vol. ii. p. 158, and Macpherson's Original Papers, vol. i. p. 151, is 
refuted by Mackintosh, p. 248. 

An Address to his Grace the Lord Abp. of Cant, and the Bight 
Rev. the Bps upon account of their late Petition by a true 
Member of the Church of England. 4to Lond. 1688. 

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Some Queries to the Archbishop of Canterbury and to the Six 
other Bishops concerning the English Beformation and the 
89 Articles of the Church of England. By P. M. D.D. 

4to Lond. 1688 

I suppose P. M. D. D. means Peter Manby, Dean of Derry. 

Of. The Rubric of the Common Prayer declared by the Act of 

Uniformity to be a part of that statute which directs that nothing shall 

be published in church by the minister, but what is prescribed by this 

book, or enjoined by the King. 

^ The Examination of the Bishops upon their refusal of reading 
his Majest/s most gracious Declaration; and the Non- 
concurrence of the Church of England in Repeal of the Penal 
Laws and Test fiilly debated and argued. 4to Lond. 1688. 
In the ninth volume of Somers Tracts, pp. 134-51, and Fourth 
Collection, vol. iL pp. 222-43. After having traced the progress of 
the penal laws and the test, the author remarks : — ^' Jealous as the 
founders of that test were (or pretended to be) of the danger of 
popery, they very well knew the church of England had two impreg* 
nable bulwarks, the two great acts of Uniformity, that themselves 
sufficiently alone established, guarded and preserved the church of 
England in all points without any fortification from the test, nor 
indeed was the test wanted in the ecclesiastic administration, those 
very statutes being a greater and stronger test before : for by those 
statutes is the whole liturgy, the administration of the sacraments, 
and indeed all the canons and articles of the church supported. For 
by the fence of those laws first no Romanist can possibly be admitted 

into the clergy Secondly, no other divine service as the mass 

or the like can be introduced into our churches already constituted or 
assigned for the divine service of the church of England." Our 
author s memory must have failed him, when he asks — ^^ Wherein 
and what have our churchmen or our non-dispensing churchmen 
suffered by all this toleration ? Have they lost the least particle of 
their government, discipline, rights, privileges, or professions what- 
ever ?" p. 150. " Doubtless," observes Hallam, " the administration 
of James II. was not of this nature (an extreme case of intolerable 
tyranny.) Doubtless he was not a Caligula, or a Commodus, or an 

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Ezzelin, or a Galcazzo Sforza, or a Ghristiem 11. of Denmark, or a 
Charles IX. of France, or one of those almost innumerable tyrants 
whom men have endured in the wantonness of unlimited power. No 
man had been deprived of his liberty by any illegal warrant. No 
man, excepi in the Hngh though verg important instance of Magdalen 
CoUege^ had been despoiled of his property." The Constitutional 
History of England. toL ii. p. 242. 

Melius Inquirendum^ or an impartial Enquiry into the late pro- 
ceedings against the Seven Bishops^ wherein the Song's 
Supremacy is vindicated. By W. E. 4to Lond. 1688 

Compare Buckle's History of Civilization in England, p. 367. 

Ten Modest Queries humbly offered to the most serious con- 
sideration of the Bight Eeverend Father in Grod^ Thomas 
Lord Bishop of St. Davids^ and that they may be communi- 
cated to the rest of the Clergy at his Primary Visitation now 
held for that Diocese. By a true and sincere Member of the 
Church of England, and a wellwisher to his Lordship in all 
things that are good and honest, pp. 4. 

Has reference to his reading the Declaration. Thomas Watson 
appointed 1687 and deprived for simony, May 1699, is here intended. 
*' He was one of the worst men in all respects, that ever I knew in 
Holy Orders : passionate, covetous, and false in the hlackest instances, 
without any one vertue or good quality, to balance his many bad ones. 
But as he was advanced hy King James, so he stuck firm to that 
Interest ; and the Party, tho' ashamed of him, yet were resolved to 
support him, with great zeal : he appealed to a Court of Delegates ; 
and they ahout the end of the year confirmed the Archhishop's 
sentence." — Burnet's History. 

Among the various localities from which addresses ^ steamed up to 
the Throne" on this occasion (see Ralph, Mackintosh, and the Somers 
Tracts), Chester may he mentioned as very conspicuous for its adula- 
tion and servility. In the Political History of the City of Chester, the 
Charter of King Henry VII. &c., Chester, 1814, there is a circum- 
stantial account of the preparations made hy that corporation during 
the royal progress of James II. in 1687, with the address presented by 

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the dissenters. " The Corporation," said the recorder Leyinz, " is your 
Majesty's creature, and depends merely on the will of its creator, and 
the sole intimation of your Majesty's pleasure shall ever have with us 
the force of a fundamental law." Cf. Ormerod's History of the 
County Palatine and City of Chester, vol. i. p. 211. Nor in the 
diocese of Bishop Cartwright (of whose character see p. 27 supra) 
were ohedient clergymen wanting to acknowledge the King's supre- 
macy, and their duty to puhlish in their churches whatever was 
enjoioed by the King or by their Bishop. See Echard, vol. iii. 
p. 876. ^' James thought himself secure of the Tories, because they 
professed to consider all resistance as sinful — and of the Protestant 
Dissenters, because he offered them relief. He was in the wrong as 
to both. The error into which he fell about the Dissenters was very 
natural. But the confidence which he placed in the loyal assurances 
of the High Church party was the most exquisitely ludicrous proof of 
folly that a politician ever gave." Macaulay's Review of Sir James 
Mackintosh's History of the Revolution. 

Farliamentiun Facificum : or^ The Happy Union of King and Feo- C« %♦ 
pie in an Healing Parliament : heartily wish^t for and humbly 
recommended, by a true Protestant and no Dissenter. 

4to Lond. 1688 
This tract contains severe animadversions on Pensioner Fagel and 
Dr. Burnet. 

A Letter of several French Ministers fled into Germany upon the 
account of the Persecution in France, to such of their Bre- 
thren in England as approved the King's Declaration touch- 
ing Liberty of Conscience. pp. 7, 4to Lond. 1688 

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Of the Discourses written in the representing controversy. 

61. ^ A papist misrepresented and represented^ or a twofold cha- 
racter of popery. The one containing a sum of the supersti- 
tions, idolatries, cruelties, treacheries, and wicked principles of 
that popery which hath disturbed this nation above 160 years ; 
filled it with fears and jealousies, and deserves the hatred of 
all good christians. The other laying open that popery which 
the papists own and profess ; with the chief articles of their 
faith, and some of the principal grounds and reasons which 
hold them in that religion. [Narraverunt mihi iniqui fabu- 

tiones : sed non ut lex tua. Psal. 119 [sic] v. 85.] By J 

L , [pp. 128 and R. C. Principles, pp. 1-8], s.l. 4to 1685. 

[To which is annexed, Eoman-catholic principles, in reference 
to God and the King.] And note, there are two more parts 
of this book. See Nos. 63, 72, infra. And four defences of 
this part. See Nos. 58, 56, 58, 60, infra. 

Dodd attributes this book to John Gotber, or Goter. I suppose 
the initio] letters stand for Joannes Lisboensis. ** John Goter : bom 
in Southampton, educated a member of the church of England [com- 
pare the Introduction to No. 51, p. xi.] but afterwards becoming a 
catholick was sent over to the English College at Lisboe ; where he 
was ordained priest and returned back into England upon the mission. 
He resided for the greatest part of his time in London ; and appeared 
at the head of the controversial writers, all king James Second's reign." 
Tol. iii. p. 482. The date 1665 found in some copies was probably 
intended to mislead his adversaries, because, as Dr. Todd observes, 
the author says expressly in the Pref. to part iii. (No. 72 infra) that the 
work was not published until 1685: "This book was not published 
till after the adjourning of the first sitting of Parliament 1685, and at 
the opening of that Parliament the assault was given by Dr. Sherlock 
in his Sermon before the two Houses," (sheet a, p. 8.) " Gother's 

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work has always continued to be in great repute among Papists. It 
was republished in an abridged and expurgated form by their great 
champion Bishop Challoner, who was Vicar Apostolic of the London 
district from 1741 to 1780. It has often been reprinted since, and 
the twenty-eighth edition was published at London in 1832." Cun- 
ningham's Preface, etc. ut infra. 

On the tract, Roman Catholic Principlea, see page 6, supra. 

The declaration of indulgence was both preceded and followed by 
one of the most fierce polemical controversies between Romanists and 
Protestants which ever agitated England. Burnet, who was deeply 
engaged in it, gives the following account of the manner in which it 
was carried on by the church of England : " Many of the clergy acted 
now a part that made good amends for past errors. They began to 
preach generally against popery, which the dissenters did not. They 
set themselves to study the points of controversy; and, upon that, 
there followed a great variety of small books that were easily pur^ 
chased and soon read. They examined all the points of popery with 
a solidity of judgment, a clearness of arguing, a depth of learning, and 
a vivacity of writing, far beyond anything that had before that time 
appeared in our language. The truth is, they were very unequally 
yoked ; for, if they are justly to be reckoned among the best writers 
that have yet appeared on the protestant side, those they wrote against 
were certainly among the weakest that had ever appeared on the 
popish side. Their books were poorly, but insolently writ, and had 
no other learning in them but what was taken out of some French 
writers which they put into very bad English ; so that a victory over 
them might have been but a mean performance. 

*^ This had a mighty effect on the whole nation ; even those who 
could not search things to the bottom, yet were amazed at the great 
inequality that appeared in this engagement The papists who knew 
what service the Bishop of Meaux's book had done in France, resolved 
to pursue the same method here, in several treatises, which they en- 
titled, *• Papists Represented and Misrepresented ;' to which such clear 
answers were writ, that what effect soever that artifice might have 
where it was supported by the authority of a great king, and the 
terror of ill usage and a dragoonade in conclusion, yet it succeeded so 
ill in England, that it gave occasion to enquire into the true opinions 
of that church, not as some artful writers had disguised them, but as 

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they are laid down in the books that are of authority among tbem^ 
such as the decisions of council received among them and their 
established offices, and as they are held at Rome, and in all those 
countries where popery prevails without any intermixture with here- 
ticks, or apprehension of them, as in Spain and Portugal. This was 
done in so authentical a manner, that popery itself was never so well 
understood by the nation as it came to be upon this occasion. The 
persons who managed and directed this controversial war were chiefly 
Tillotson, Stillingfieet, Tennison, and Patrick ; next them were Sher- 
lock, Williams, Claget, Gee, Aldrich, Atterbury, Whitby, Hooper; 
and, above all these. Wake, who, having been long in France chaplain 
to the Lord Preston, brought over with him many curious discoveries 
that were both useful and surprising. Besides the chief writers of 
those books of controversy, there were many sermons preached and 
printed on those heads that did very much edify the whole nation. 
And this matter was managed with that concert, that, for the most 
part once a week, some new book or sermon came out which both 
instructed and amused those who read them." Fol. 1724, p. 673-4. 
See [Cat. 4.] Contin. p. 10. 

C«I/« 62. The doctrines aud practices of the church of Borne truly repre- 
sented^ in answer to a book intitled a papist misrepresented 
and represented. By Edward Stillingfieet, D.D. Works, 
fol. vol. vi. (Gibson, vol. xvi. fol. iii.) pp. 164, 4to Lond. 1686 
See Cat. No. 17. Contin. p. 10. Fasti Oxon. vol. iL col. 118. 
Reprinted, with a preface and notes, by William Cunningham, D.D., 
Professor of Divinity and Church History, New College, Edinburgh. 
A new edition, revised. Edinburgh, 1845. 

C*jL* 58* ^ Reflections upon the answer to the papist misrepresented; 
directed to the answerer. pp. 119, 4to, sans date 

See [State, p. 11] Contin. p. 10. The Bodl. Cat gives the date 
and imprint. Lond. 1686. 

C* %♦ 64* A papist not misrepresented by protestants ; being a reply to 
the reflections upon the answer to a papist not misrepresented 
and represented. By William Sherlock, DD. 

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See Cat No. 18. [State, p.ll.] Contin. p. 10. Bora about 1601, 
died 1707. '^ While sermons in defence of the Boman Catholic reli- 
gion were preached on every Sunday and holiday within the precincts 
of the royal palaces, the church of the state, the church of the great 
majority of the nation, was forbidden to explain and vindicate her own 
principles. The spirit of the whole clerical order rose against this 
injustice. William Sherlock, a divine of distinguished abilities, who 
had written with sharpness against Whigs and Dissenters, and had 
been rewarded by the goverament with the Mastership of the Temple 
and with a pension, was one of the first who incurred the royal dis- 
pleasure. His pension was stopped, and he was severely repri- 
manded."— - Macaulay. 

55. Remarks upon the reflections of the Author of Popery Misre- C*%* 
presented &c. on his Answerer; particularly as to the De- 
posing doctrine. In a letter to the Author of the Eeflections. 
Together with some few Animadversions on the same Author's 
Vindication of his Reflections. pp. 68, 4to 1686 

See Cat No. 19. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. p. 1000. [Edit Bliss, vol. iv. 
col. 563.] This book is anon., but was written by Abednego Seller, 
rector of Combeintin-head, Devon. Neither Gee nor Peck appear ever 
to have seen this work, for both give the title incorrectly, Peck copying 
from Gree, who calls the author Mr. A. Seller " of Plymouth," whence 
Peck styles him " minister of Plymouth." The title is correctly given 
above. This book is an answer to the Reflections (No. 53) and to 
the Vindication of the Eeflections (No. 56.) J. H. T. 

56. ^ Papists protesting against Protestant-Popery. In answer to C*%$ 

a Discourse intitled^ A Papist not Misrepresented by Pro- 
testants, being a Vindication of the Papist Misrepresented and 
Represented^ and the Reflexions upon the Answer. [Anon. 
By the Author of No. 51.] pp. 88, 4to Lond. 1686 

See [State, p. 11.] Contin. p. 10. Gee and Peck not having seen 
this tract, or the former, have given the title in an abridged form, and 
Peck has placed it after instead of before 55, not knowing that 55 
was a reply to it. J. H. T. 

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C«I/« 57. An answer to a Discourse intitled, Papists protesting against 
Protestant-Popery ; being a vindication of Papists not Misre- 
presented by Protestants ; and containing a paiiicular examin- 
ation of Mons. de Meaux late Bp. of Condom his exposition 
of the doctrine of the church of Rome, in the articles of invo- 
cation of saints and the worship of images, occasioned by that 
discourse. By William Sherlock, D.D. 

pp. 181. 4to Lond. 1686 
See Gat No. 20. [State, p. 11.] Contin. p. 10. 

C» I/* 58. ^ An amicable accommodation of the difference between the 
misrepresenter and the answerer; in return to the last reply 
against the papist protesting against protestant popery. Per- 
missu Superiorum. [By the Author .of No. 51.] 

pp. 40, 4to Lond. 1686 

C* %* 59. An answer to the amicable accommodation of the difference 
between the representer and the answerer. By William 
Sherlock, D.D. pp. 81, 4to Lond. 1686 

See Cat. No. 21. [State, p. 12.] Contiii. p. 10. 

C« ltf« 60. ^ A reply to the answer of the amicable accommodatioxi, being 
a fourth vindication of the [first part of the] Papist misrepre- 
sented and represented ; in which are more particularly laid 
open some of the principal methods by which the Papists are 
misrepresented by Protestants in their books and sermons. 
[By the Author of No. 51.] pp. 46, 4to Lond. 1686 

Sec [State, p. 12.] Contin. p. 10. 

C«%* 61. A view of the whole controversy between the repreaenter and 
the answerer, with an answer to the representer's last reply; 
in which are laid open some of the methods by which pro- 
testants are misrepresented by papists. By William Claget. 

pp. 123, 4to Lond. 1687 
See Cat. No. 22. [State, p. 12.] Contin. p. 10. Ath. Ozon. 
vol. ii. col. 827. [Edit Bliss, vol. iii. col. 640.] 

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62. A catedbion, traly Tepresenting the doctrines and practices of C*%. 
the church of Borne. With an answer thereunto. By John 
Williams^ M. A. The second edition corrected. With a Vin- 
dication of a passage in the said catechism from the exceptions 
made against it^ in a reply to the answer of the amicable 
accommodation. pp. 82^ 8yo 1687 

See Cat. No. 23. [State, p. 30.] Ath. Ozon. toL iL p. 1119. 
[Edit Bliss, Yol. iy. coL 769.] 

68. ^ The catholic representer^ or the papist misrepresented and 
represented. Part II. published weekly in 16 single sheets, 
with a title and contents. [By the Author of No. 51.] Fif- 
teen parts. pp. 88, 4to Lond. 1687 

This came out in weekly parts, each part called a chapter. Chaps, 
i. — vi. are in single sheets of eight pages each. Chaps, yiii. — xyi. are 
in half sheets. A titlepage and table of contents [4 pp.] were added. 
J. H. T. 

64. The papist represented and not misrepresented; being an 0*.1m 
answer to the first sheet of the second part of the papist mis- 
represented and represented; and for the farther vindication 

of the catechism truly representing the doctrines and practices 
of the church of Rome. ,By John Williams, M. A. 

pp. 14, 4to Lond. 1687 
See Cat. No. 24. [State, p. 31.] Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. p. 1121. 
[Edit. Bliss, vol. iv. col. 769.] 

65. The papist represented and not misrepresented; being in answer C*%* 

to the second sheet of the second part of the papist misrepre- 
sented and represented, in the point of their praying to the 
cross, [and for a further vindication of the catechism truly 
representing the doctrines and practices of the church of 
Rome.] By John Williams, M.A. pp. 14, 4to 1687 

See Cat. No. 25. [State, p. 31.] Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1119. 
It is curious that Wood, although he gives Nos. 64 and 69, in his list 
of John Williams's works, omits No. 65. This most have been a 

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mere OTersight; but Dr. Bliss^has not supplied the de'fect. The 
clause in brackets in the title as above has been omitted by Gee and 
Peck. It is added here from the original. J. H. T. 

C* %* 66. Transnbstantiation no doctrine of the primitive fisitherSj being 
a defence of the Dublin letter herein against the papist 
misrepresented and represented^ Part II. cap. 3. [By John 
Patrickj M.A. preacher at the Charterhouse.] 

pp. 72, 4to Lond. 1687 
See^Cat. No. 26. Contin. p. 22 [and p. 70]. I cannotfind any copy 
of ^* the Dublin letter," nor can I tell who was its author. Dr. Wake, 
Contin. (p. 22) says, *^ The next that gave occasion to the revival of 
this controversy" [i.e. the next after the author of a Discourse of 
Transnbstantiation (Tillotson, 1685), see No. 125] ^^was the author 
of the Dublin Letter, who being answered by the Beprcsenter in his 
second part, cap. 3, a learned man of our communion [viz. John 
Patrick] made good his. party in an excellent discourse," &c The 
Bepresenter (loc. cit.) quotes what these authors call ^*the Dublin 
letter," under the title of '^ The Papists doctrine of Transnbstantiation 
not agreeable to the Primitive Fathers." But I can find no title 
answering to this title in the Catal. of the Dublin Univ. or of the 
Bodl. Libraries ; nor does it appear in Abp. Marsh's Library, or in 
the large collection of these tracts in the Library of Christ Church 
Cathedral, Dublin. J. H. T. 

C*%* 67. Wholesome advices from the blessed Yir^n to her indiscreet 
worshippers. Written by one of the Roman Communion, 
and done out of the French into English, by a Gentleman of 
the Church of England, with a Preface shewing the Motives 
to the Translation. [Anon.] By James Taylor, Qent. 

pp. 20, 4to Lond. 1687 
See Cat. No. 27. [State, p. 27. Contin. p. 53*] This tract is by 
Mr. Adam Widenfelt, "a person of high employment under the 
Prince of Suarzemburgh." (Translator's Pref.) It is alluded to, and 
the Preface attacked, by the Bepresenter (No. 63) part ii. cap. 4, p. 
29, and therefore comes into this controversy, as its object was to 
shew that authors of the Romish Communion made the same repre- 

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sentation of abuses of which Protestants complain. Taylor is the 
translator of the book and the author of the Preface. J. H. T. 

The original work is mentioned in *^ A Catalogue of Books ezclu- 
sively relating to the Church of Rome : her doctrines, worship, disci- 
pline, controversies and annals ; including the Histories of her various 
Religious Orders ; their peculiar Missals, Breviaries, &c. : the Tracts 
published during the reign of James II. ; and a set of Canonizations 
from 1800 to the present time. On sale by Howell and Co., 295, 
Holbom, London, 1829." 

^ Widenfeldt, Avis Salutaires de la bienheureuse Yiei^e Marie k 
ses Devots Indiscrets, fidelement traduit en Fran9ois, avec le Latin 
ensuite (par Gerberon) k Lille 1674. Monita vere salutaria Maris 
Regin® Sanctorum omnium, authore Cremerio, Antverpise 1764. 
Lettre Pastorale de M. I'Evesque de Toumay aux Fidelles de son 
Diocese sur le Culte de la tres Saincte Yierge et des Saincts, a Lille 
1674, &c. &c. The curious work which forms the first in the above 
Collection is an attack on the worship of the Virgin, in which the 
author puts into her mouth, that she detests the worship because God 
alone ought to be honoured and loved. It created a great noise at 
ibe time of its publication, and was the cause of no less than forty- 
seven writings being published on both sides of the question. Its end 
however was being strictly prohibited, first by the Inquisition and then 
at Rome. The two next in the volume were published in favour of it" 

68. A Letter to the Misrepresenter of Papists. Being a Yindica- C« %* 
tion of that part of the Protestant Preface to the Wholesome 
Advices from the blessed Virgin &c. which concerns the Pro- 
testants' charity to Papists^ and a Layman's writing in it. 
In answer to what is objected against it in the 4th Chapter 
of the second part of the Papist Misrepresented &c. By 
the same Layman [i.e. James Taylor] who translated the 
Wholesome Advices &c.^ and made the Preface to them. 

pp. 16, 4to Lond. 1687 

See Cat. No. 28. [State, p. 28. Contin. p. 53.] It seems as if 

Dr. Clagett, State, p. 28, imagined this tract to have been written by 

the Representer, and written on the popish side; but this error Dr. 

Wake corrects. Contin. p. 53. J. H. T. 

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C*%* 69. The Papist repres^ited and not misrepresented, being an an- 
swer to the fifth and sixth chapters of the second part of the 
Papist misrepresented and represented^ as far as concerns 
praying to images and the cross. And for a further vindica- 
tion of the Catechism truly representing the Doctrines and 
Practices of the Church of Borne. [Anon.] By John Wil- 
liams^ M.A. pp. 14^ 4to Lond. 1687 
See Cat. No. 29. [State, p. 31.] Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1121. 
[Bliss, Yol. iv. col. 771.] 

©•[!/. 70. The peoples right to read the Holy Scripture asserted. In 
answer to the 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th and 10th chapters of the 
second part of the Popish Bepresenter. [Anon.] By Ni- 
cholas Stratford D.D. [afterwards Bishop of Chester] 

pp. 88, 4to [Lond] 1687 
See Cat. No. 30. [Contin. p. 39.] Ath. Oxon, vol. ii. col. 1067. 
Bom 1633, died 1707. From the year 1667 to 1683 he was Warden 
of Manchester. *' August 29th (Thursday) Mr. Stratford, the new 
Warden, was this day installed. A stranger, un thought of, unknown 
of, unsought for ; and of all that we thought of, none so likely to he 
a mercy to this place. A good man, of a sweet temper, brave scholar 
and preacher ; and one that hath an estate of his own, and seems to 
resolve to settle in the place and to reside. This we thought then ; 
and then, it was so." — Autobiography of Henry Newcome, vol. i., 
printed for the Chetham Society, 1852. 

©♦%♦ 71. The present State of the controversie between the Church of 
England and the Church of Borne; or an account of the 
books written on both sides. [In a letter to a friend. Impri- 
matur. Guil. Needham, May 7, 1686.] (Anon.) By Wil- 
liam Clagett, DD. pp. 36, 4to Lond. 1687 

See Contin. vol. i. pp. 10, 11. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. p. 327. 

The state of the controversy on the Popish side will he found in 
the Preface to the Reply to the defence of the exposition of the doc- 
trine of the Church of England [No. 79 infra.] J. H. T. 

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72. ^ The Papist misrepresented and represented; with a Preface, 
containing reflections upon two treatises, the one the State 
[No. 71] the other the View [No. 61] of the Controversie be- 
tween the Bepresenter and the Answerer. Third Part. Pub- 
lished with allowance. [By the author of No. 51.] 

pp. 63 (incl. Index), 4to Lond. 1687 

See Nos. 61, 71 mpra^ and No. 82 infra. 

See Postscript, beiDg a full answer to a Pamphlet published last 
night, called, ^ A third part of a Papist Misrepresented," at the end of 
a second Defence of the Exposition of the doctrine of the Church of 
England (No. 80 infra). J. H. T. 

An answer to the eighth chapter of the Bepresenter's second part, 
in the first dialogue between him and his Lay-friend. Li- 
censed, March 1, 1686. [Anon.] By James Taylor. 

pp. 10, 4to Lond. 1687 
This tract is on the same subject as No. 70, yiz. the right of the Laity 
to read the Scripture. But it is not mentioned by Gee or Peck. 
J. H. T. 

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Of the Discourses in the expounding controversy. 

C*1m 73. ^ An Exposition of the doctrine of the Catholic Church in 
matters of controversie. By the Bight Reverend James 
Benigne Bossuet, Counsellor to the King, Bishop of Meaux, 
formerly of Condom, and Preceptor to the Dauphin; first 
Almoner to the Dauphiness. Done into English from the 
5th edition in French, [by Joseph Johnston, O.S.B.] 

pp. 48, Advertis. pp. 22, 4to Lond. 1685 
The Advertisement prefixed to this work is by Bossuet himself. 
It was first printed with the French edit, of 1679. We learn from it 
that two answers had at that time appeared in France ; one anony- 
mous (by M. De la Bastide) approved by the ministers of Charenton ; 
the other by M. Nougier, vol. zviii. CEuvres de Bossuet, Versailles, 
1816. The Exposition is followed by a ^^ Remarque," intended as an 
answer to the accusation (made by Dr. Wake, in ^he Pref. to his 
answer— see No. 74) of having suppressed the first edition, and 
materially altered several passages in it This is followed by some 
letters relative to the Exposition. And these by ^^Fragmens snr 
diverses mati^res de controverse, pour servir de r^ponse aux ecrits 
fiedts par plnsieurs ministres, centre le livre de I'Exposition de la Doc- 
trine Catholique." 

The Bodl. Cat. attributes this translation to John Dryden ; and the 
Hist, de Bossuet says that it was translated into English by the Abb6 
de Montaigne in 1672 (vol. i. p. 280, note.) 

The first French edit Paris (Chamoisy), 1671, 12mo., consisted of ' 

about twelve copies only, privately printed, and sent by the author to I 

some friends, whom he requested to return them with their remarks. I 

It is supposed that not more than three or four copies of this edit. | 

remun. Another, which is the first publUhed edit, was printed in I 

December of the same year 1671 in 12mo., also printed by Chamoisy | 
in Paris, pp. 189, and it is said there was a second issue in the same 

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month, which differed in some respects from the former (Hist de 
Bossuet, Tol. i. p. 278). See the Pieces Justificatiyes, ibid. p. 467. 
The Exposition was translated into Latin bj Fleury, Hist de Bossaet 
(yoI. i. p. 289.) Cardinal de Bausset, author of the Hist de Bossaet 
(vol. i. p. 280 note) sajs that it was translated into Irish by Father 
Porter O.S.F. superior of the Convent of S. Isidore at Rome, which 
translation was printed at Rome 1675 at the press of the Propaganda, 
a high sanction to the work. It was also translated into Italian, and 
printed at the same press. I have not seen either of these versions. 

Twelve editions of the Exposition were published in French during 
the lifetime of Bossuet. But the sixth, issued in 1686, was the last 
which he himself corrected, and all subsequent editions were reprints 
of this. (Hist de Bossuet, vol. i. p. 291, note.) 

See State, p. 14, 15-18, where a particular account is given of the 
occasion for which this book was written. Contin. p. 12. J. H. T. 

It is extracted below. In Howell's Catalogue, already mentioned, 
it is stated that in an Svo edit 1685, there is '* prefixed a very enter- 
taining history of this famous work by the translator." 

74. An exposition of tlie doctrine of the Churcli of England in the C*%* 

several articles proposed^ by Mons. de Meaux, late Bishop of 
Condom^ in his Exposition of the doctrine of the Catholic 
Church. To which is prefixed a particular account of Mon- 
sieur de Meaux's book. The 8rd edit. [Anon.] By Wm. 
Wake, M.A. pp. 87, and Piref. pp. xxxviii. 4to Lond. 1687 
See Cat No. 39. [State, p. 15.] Contin. p. 13. Ath. Oxon. vol. 
ii. p. 1059. And No. 22 suprOy note. 

75. ^ A vindication of the Bp. of Condom's Exposition of the t^.l, 

doctrine of the Catholic Church. In answer to a book, enti- 
tuled An Exposition of the doctrine of the Church of England, 
etc. With a letter from the said Bishop. Fermissu duperi- 
orum. pp. 222, with Contents and Henry Hill's Catal. of 
books, pp. 4. 4to Lond. 1686 

See Contin. p. ] 6. This is no doubt by Jos. Johnston, an English 
Benedictine, of the King's Chapel, who is the translator of the Expo- 

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dtion. The letter from Bessaet which is appended to it was addressed 
to J. Shirbume, superior of the English Benedicdnes, who had writ- 
ten to Bossuet, enclosing a letter from Johnston, which asked for 
information to enable him to reply to Wake and others. The whole 
correspondence is given in the Versailles edit of Bossuet's works, toL 
XTiiL p. 169. J. H. T. 

(Mm 76. 4< a pastoral letter from the Lord Bishop of Meanx to the 
new Catholics of his Diocese, exhorting them to keep their 
Easter, and giving them necessary advertisements against the 
false Pastoral Letters of their Ministers. With reflections 
upon the pretended persecution. Translated out of French, 
and published with allowance. pp. 87, 4to Lond. 1686 

See Oontin. p. 16. [CBuvres de Bossaet, Versailles 1817» tome 
XXT. A Paris 1748, tome v.] This was probably translated by the 
Benedictine Jos. Johnston. J. H. T. 

©♦ %• 77. An answer to the Bishop of Condom (now of Means) his Ex- 
position of the Catholidk Faith &e. Wherein the doctrine of 
the Church of Boma is detected, and that of the Church of 
England expressed from the publick acta of both Churches. 
To which are added reflections on his Pastoral Letter. [Anon.] 
By John Gilbert M.A. Vicar of S. John Baptist's Church in 
Peterborough. pp. 128, Pref. iy., 4to Lond. 1686 

See Cat. No. 40. [State, p. 14.] Contin. p. 13. Ath. Ozon. vol. 
ii. col. 1132. Fasti Oxon. vol. ii. col. 213. An advertisement pre- 
fixed to this work states that it was laid by as useless when Wake's 
answer (No. 78) appeared -— the imprimatur of Wake's book is March 
1, 1685-6, that of Gilbert's is June 4, ]686, — ^'till upon an after 
view it was thought it might be serviceable ; because of a more parti- 
cular explication of the Church of England's sentiments in it, and like- 
wise of a more full expression of the Romish doctrines from the 
publick acts of that Church, and its direct answering M. Condom's 
reasons, which the other author* [viz. Wake] "does not propose to 
himself." J. H. T. 

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78. A defience of the exposition of the doctrine of the Church of C«1m 

England against the exceptions of Monsieur de Meaux^ late 
Bishop of Condom, and his Vindicator. The contents are on 
the next leaf. [Anon.] By Will. Wake M.A. (Gibson, 
Tol. xii. fol. iii.) pp. 166 and errata 2 pp., 4to Lond. 1686 
See Cat No. 41. [State, p. 19.] Contin. p. 18. Ath. Oxod. 
vol. ii. col. 1059. The Appendix, p. 105, to this work contains some 
valuable pieces, on the question of idolatrj, aud pardcolarly an account 
of the suppressed sheets of the Epistle of St Chrysoetom to Cessarius, 
cut out of M. Bigot's edit, of Palladius. Paris 1680. — This book was 
published a couple of months before No. 77, and ought to have been 
placed before it J. H. T. 

79. ^ A reply to the defence of the exposition of the doctrine of ©•%♦ 

the Church of England ; being a further vindication of the 
Bishop of Condemns exposition of the doctrine of the Catholic 
Church. With a second letter of the Bishop of Meaux. Per^ 
missu Superiorum. pp. 190^ with Pref. and catal. of Authors 
(at the beginning of the book) pp. 80, and at the end. Index 
pp. 6. 4to, Lond. 1687 

It is probable that this book is also by Johnston, the translator of 
the Exposition ; but the letter from Bossuet, annexed to it, does not 
occur in the correspondence appended to the Exposition in the Ver- 
sailles edit of his works, vol. xviii., already referred to. J. H. T. 

80. A second defence of the exposition of the doctrine of the C*%* 
Church of England against the new exceptions of Monsieur 

de Meaux, late Bishop of Condom, and his vindicator. The 
first part. In which the account which has been given of 
the Bishop of Meaux's Exposition, is fully vindicated ; the 
distinction of old and new Popery historically asserted ; and 
the doctrine of the Church of Rome in point of Image-wor- 
ship more particularly considered. [Anon.] By Will. Wake. 
(Gibson, vols. xii. and xiii. fol. iii.) pp. 100, with Postscript, 
pp. 2, being a full answer to a pamphlet published the last 

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mght, called A third part of a Papist misrepresented^ and 
Table pp. 8, 4to Lond. 1687 

See [Cat No. 42.] Contin. pp. 14, 15. Section iii. (p. 94) 
of this tract contains a list of the books published in this contro- 
yersj on the Protestant side which had not been answered by the 
Papiste. J. H. T. 

C*%* 81. ^ A fall answer to the second defence of the exposition of the 
doctrine of the Church of England, in a letter to the de- 
fender, pp. 12, a sheet and a half. 
See Contin. p. 15. This is also probably by J. Johnston. In 
answer to the list of books on the Protestant side remaining unanswered 
this author says (p. 12), '^ Your third section is taken up by giving us 
a Catalogue of books unanswered; but you should first haye told us 
whether they were worth answering in particular or no, when all that is 
said in them is obyiated in many Treatises. There are seyeral also of 
ours that remain unanswered ; the Guide in Controversie [see Nos. 
189-193 inch] especially, which for anything that I see must remain 
so, unless some such bold attempter attack them as attack'd the other 
Discourses [see No. 167] of the same author lately published at Ox- 
ford, with the like misfortune." J. H. T. 

Cr*!^ 82. An answer to the Bepresenter's reflections npon the State and 
View of the Controversy. With a reply to the Vindicator's 
full answer; shewing that the Vindicator [of the Bishop of 
Meanx] has utterly ruined the new design of expounding and 
representing popery. [Anon.] By Nicholas Claget, M.A. 
pp. IdO^ with Fref. and Contents 8 pp.^ and Bich. Chiswell's 
list of books at the end, 2 pp. 4to Lond. 1680 

See Cat. No. 43. Contm. pp. 11, 12. Ath. Oxon. yoI. ii. col. 327. 
Dr. Bandinel's Bodl. Catal. attributes this book as well as No. 6 to 
Nicholas Clagett, D.D. of Christ's Coll. Camb., archdeacon of Sud- 
bury; but Abp. Wake (Contin. p. 12) a contemporary, one engaged 
in the same controversy, and the intimate friend of Wm. Clagett, 
could scarcely have been misinformed ; and he clearly attributes this 
to the Dr. Clagett who died in the beginning of 1688. J. H. T. 

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88. A second defence of the Exposition of the doctrine of the C* IL 
Church of England against the new exceptions of Monsieur de 
Meaux and his YindicatoV. The second Fart. [Anon. By 
Wm. Wake, M.A.] pp. 198, and Bich. Chiswell's list of 
books, 2 pp. (Oibson, vol. xiii. fol. iii.) 4to Lond. 1688 

See Cat No. 44. Contin. p. 15. Ath. Oxon. toI. ii. col. 1059. 
[See Part i. No. 80 supra,] Wake (Contin. loc. sit.) gives the fol- 
lowing summary of tbis second part, which Gee and Peck have copied 
as if it was on tbe title-page. Part ii. In which the Romish doctrines 
concerning tbe nature and object of religious worship of images and 
reliques are considered, and the charge of Idolatry made good against 
those of the Charcb of Rome upon the account of them. J. H. T. 

84. See also, An Answer to the Bp. of Condom's book, intitled an 
Exposition of the doctrine of the catholic church upon mat- 
ters of controversy. Written in French, and translated into 
English by Joseph Walker, and by him dedicated to Michael, 
Lord Archbishop of Dublin. 12mo Dublin, 1676 

The Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent, celebrated C«1L* 
under Paul III., Julius III., and Pius IV., Bishops of Rome. 
Faithfully translated into English. With a list of the names, 
sirnames, countries and dignities of the Legates. 

4to Lond. 1687 
^^ There is much artifice in the general list, subjoined to the editions 
of the Canons and Decrees of the Council, of the Prelates and others 
who attended it. The last column designates the country of each. 
That of Italy is subdivided into almost the minutest portions imagin- 
able ; evidently for no other purpose than to disguise the dispropor- 
tionate and extravagant superiority in number of the Italians.-— 
Mendham's Memoirs of the Council of Trent Lond. 1834. 

Another translation. The Canons and Decrees of the Council of 
Trent. With a Supplement, containing the condemnations 

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of the early Reformers^ and oilier matter relating to the 
Council; literally translated into English^ by T. A. Buckley, 
B.A. • Sm. 8vo Lond. 1851 

^' I will not," says Boasuet, ^ meddle with any tbing but tbe Decrees 
of the Council of Trent, because in them the Church has giyen her 
decision upon these matters now in agitation/' See No. 97, infra. 

CT^H. Two short discourses against the Romanists. 1. An account of 
the fundamental principle of popery, and of the insufficiency 
of the proofs which they have for it. 2. An answer to six 
queries proposed to a gentlewoman of the Church of England, 
by an emissary of the Church of Rome. With a new preface 
particularly relating to the Bp. of Meaux and other modem 
complainers of misrepresentation. By Henry Dodwell, M. A. 
late of Trinity College, near Dublin, now Camden professor of 
Oxford. pp. 32, pref. xii. 4to Lond. 1688 

On the fundamental principle of popery, as to which there can be 
^^no pretence of misrepresentation, and on which depend all other 
disputes betwixt the Romanists and the other Communions of 
Christendom," see Chaps, xviii. and xix. 

*^ You must understand that the project of Converting the French- 
Protestants, which has been more or less carried on ever since Henry 
the Fourth's time, was more especially agitated at the conclusion of 
the Pyrenean Treaty almost 30 years since; the Spaniards being 
apprehensive of the French Power, and willing to divert it by an 
undertaking, which they thought might find them work at home, and 
not leave them at leisure to disturb their neighbours. It was resolved 
then at the same time that the Civil Power began to oppress them, 
the Church should offer some Terms of a Reunion to them, and all 
possible endeavours be used to encline them to accept it : to this end 
Money was secretly given to several of the Ministers, to favour this 
project: but the design being discover d by a Minister of Bas- 
Languedoc, the Synod of Nismes, Ann. 1 662, and that of Cevennes 
being assembled not long after, appear d so vigorously against it, that 
they were forc'd to lay aside the design for some time. About ten 
years after it broke out again, but the Ministers of Languedoc and the 

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Synod of the Ide of France opposing it, as those of Ntsmes and 
Cevennes had done before, it came to notliing. 

*' Now this second attempt was dated precisely at the same time 
that the Bishop of Condom's Expontion began to see the light : and 
that which convinces me that it was purposely contriv d for the 
advancing this design \b this, that the Marshal de Turenne, who was 
this Bishop's Convert, and the principal Defender of this Exposition, 
was also at the same time the great Undertaker for this project. Tis 
well known how to this end he sent a Person through the several 
Provinces of France, with private Instructions to those Ministers, 
which he thought he could most influence to close with it: and in 
effect he did obtain several of their Subscriptions, whom when the 
Protestant Synods would afterwards have censnr d for their so doing, 
the Kings Commissioners took their parts, and would not suffer them 
to do it" The Present State of the Controversie etc. by Will. Clagett, 
D.D. pp. 15-17. 

Pr^servatif centre le changement de B^ligiou^ on Id^ juste et 
Teritable de la Religion Catholique Bomaine^ opposfe an 
portraits flatez que Pen en fait, et particuli^rement k celui de 
Monsieur de Condom, 1682. Suite de Pr^seryatif, on R^ 
flexions sur I'adoucissement propose par M. Brueys, Advocat 
de Montpellier^ 1688^ par Pierre Jurieu, La Haye. 

It is observed by Jnrieu in the latter work : ^ Bossuet's Exposi- 
tion was condemned by some in his own church ;" and Father Maim- 
bourg said of Bossuet^s work, ^^ Has the church required him to make 
an Exposition of her doctrines V Jurien s Pastoral Letters, Rotterdam 
1686-89, the first volume of which was translated, Lond. 1689, were 
intended to furnish arguments against the publications of Bossuet, 
Brueys and other defenders of the persecution. Bayle's "Com- 
mentaire Philosopbique" upon those words of Scripture, ^^ Compel 
them to come in," was written by way of reflection upon the compul- 
sory conversions effected in France. See also his Diet., art. Ferrier. 

A Preservative against the change of Religion, kc., translated out 
of the French Original by Claudius Gilbert, T.B. and Minister 
of Belfast. Lond. 1688 

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An Examination of the Reasons which have occasioned the Sepa- 
ration of Protestants. By M. de Braeys. 1683 
De Braeys was born of Protestant parents, and in 1682 published 
an answer to Bossuet's Exposition of the Doctrine of the Church, bat 
afterwards became a convert and cast himself at the feet of the author 
whose doctrine he had attacked. In Trait6 de I'Ob^issance des 
Chr6tiennes aux Puissances temporelles, Montpellier, 1709, he 
attacked Professor Noodt's eloquent discourses on Sovereign Power 
and Liberty of Conscience ; and in the following works he describes 
the Protestants as haying been influenced only by rebellious motives 
in refusing to yield to the measures of the king for their conversion. 
*^An Examination etc. An Answer to Claude's Complaints of the 
Protestants against the means which are employed to reunite them to 
the Church. 1686." " The History of the Fanaticism of our Times, 
and the Design of the Protestants to cause Rebellion, 1692," which 
was continued by a second volume in 1709, and a third in 1713. His 
apologies for persecution were answered in Considerations Grenerales 
sur le livre de M. Brueys intitule, Examen des raisons qui ont donne 
lieu k la Separation des Protestants. Rotterdam 1684. Le Proselyte 
abus^, ou fausses vues de M. Brueys dans TEzamen de la Separation 
des Protestants, ibid, 1684. 

©♦l# Actes of the General Assembly of the Clergy of Prance Anno 
Domini 1682^ concerning Religion. Translated into English 
for the satisfaction of Curions Inquisitors into the present 
French Persecution of Protestants. "With Memoirs contain- 
ing the different Methods (15) which may very profitably be 
us'd for the Conversion of those who profess the pretended 
Reformed Religion. 4to Lond. 1682 

The Letter writ by the last Assembly General of the Clergy of 
France to the Protestants, inviting them to return to their 
Communion, translated and examined by Gilbert Burnet 
D.D. 1683. 

A Pastoral Letter of the Lord Cardinal le Camus, Bishop and 

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Prince of Orenoble^ to the Curates of his Diocess^ touching 
the methods they ought to take^ and in what manner they 
should behaye themselves towards their new converts. 

4to 1687 
Cardinal Camus was opposed to the method of conversion by dra- 
gooning. He was not of the society of Jesuits. 

A Pastoral Letter from the four Catholic Bishops to the Lay Ca- 
tholics of England, touching the methods they ought to take 
and in what maimer they should behave themselves towards 
their new converts. 4to 1688 

The answer of the New Converts of France to a Pastoral Letter 
from a Protestant Minister. pp. 31, 4to Lond. 1686 

Acts of the General Assembly of the French Clergy in the year ©♦ !,♦ 
1685, concerning Religion, together with the Complaint of the 
said General Assembly against the calumnies, injuries and 
falsities which the Pretended Reformed have and do every 
day publish in their books and sermons against the doctrines 
of the Church. Presented to the King by the Clergy in 
Body, July the 14th, 1685. pp. 43, 4to Lond. i685 

This tract contains a Petition to the King. The King's Edict for- 
bidding all Ministers and other persons whatever of the Pretended 
Reformed Religion to preach or compose any books against the Faith 
and Doctrine of the Church; or to use injurious terms or such as 
tend to calumnie, by imputing to Catholicks those tenets which they 
condemn: or to speak directly or indiretly against the Catholick 
Religion. The Doctrine of the Church, contained in our Profession 
of Faith, and in the Decrees of the Council of Trent Opposed to 
the calumnies, etc. pp. 43, 4 to. Lond. 1685. 

Another edition, entitled, The Proceedings of the General Assembly C* %« 
of the Clergie of France Assembled in the year 1682 at Paris and in the 
year 1685 at S. Germains in Lave, concerning Religion. Translated 
out of French into English by N. N., 4to Lille 1686. Containing also 
A Pastorall Advertisement by the Church of France Assembled at 

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Paris by authority of the King ; to Those of the Pretended Refonned 
Religion for their Conversion, and Reconciliation to, the Catholick 
Church. And, A Speech made to the Most Christian King, at 
Versailles the 21 of July 1685. By the most Ilhistrious and most 
Reverend Lord James Nicholas Colbert, Archbishop and Primate of 
Carthage, etc. 
(!♦ 1.* In (Euvres de Bossuet, 4 Paris 1747, is inserted (vol. iii. p. xxvij) 

Eztrait des Notes de I'Assemblee Generale du Clerge de France de 
MCLXXXii, concemant la Religion, Monseigneur TArchevesque de Paris 
President Imprimes en la m§me annee chez Leonard, Imprimeur du 
Clerge. Titre : Memoire contenant les differentes Methodes dont on 
peut se servir tr^s-utilement pour la conversion de ceux qui font pro- 
fession de la Religion Pretendue-Reformee, dresse dans cette Assem- 
blee, et envoye par toutes les Provinces avec I'Avertissement Pastoral 
de I'Eglise Grallicane. In this will be found *^ The Approbation of the 
Right Reverend the Archbishops and Bishops," which is prefixed to 
Bossuet's Exposition (No. 73.) 

C* l.« An Edict of the French King^ prohibiting all publick exercise of 
the pretended refonned religion in his kingdom ; wherein he 
recalls and totally annuls the perpetuid and irrevocable edict 
of K. Henry IV. his grandfather^ full of most gracious con- 
cessions to Protestants : to which is added the French King's 
letter to the Elector of Brandenburg^ containing several pas- 
sages relating to the foregoing Edict ; as also a brief and true 
account of the persecution carried on against those of the 
foresaid religion for to make them abjure and apostatize; 
together with the form of abjuration the revolting Protestants 
are to subscribe and swear to : and a declaration of his 
Electoral Highness of Brandenburg, in favour of those of the 
reformed religion, who shall think fit to settle themselves in 
any of his dominions. 4to 1686 

An Accotmt of the Persecutions and Oppressions of the Pro- 
testants in France. 4to s.l. 1686 

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Complaints of the cruel treatment of the Protestants in France, 
By John Claude. 8vo Lond. 1686 

'^ This day was burnt in the old Exchange, by the common hang- 
man, a translation of a booke written by y* famous Mons' Claude, 
relating onely matters of fact concerning the horrid massacres and 
barbarous proceedings of y* French King against his Protestant sub- 
jects, without any refutation of any facts therein ; so mighty a power 
and ascendant here had the French Ambass' who was doubtlesse in 
greate indignation at the pious and truly generous charity of all the 
nation, for y* reliefe of those miserable sufferers who came over for 
shelter. About this time also the Duke of Savoy, instigated by y* 
French King to extirpate the Protestants of Piedmont, slew many 
thousands of those innocent people, so that there seem'd to be an 
universal designe to destroy all that would not go to masse, through- 
out Europe. Quod avertat D.O.M ! No faith in Princes ! " Evelyn s 
Memoirs, 1819, vol. i. p. 627. " Unheard of cruelties to y* persecuted 
Protestants of France, such as hardly any age has scene the like, even 
among the Pagans." Ibid. p. 623. 

Triomphe de la Religion sous Louis le Grand, representee par des 
Inscriptions et des Devises, avec une Explication, par Fere Le 
Jay, de la Compagnie de Jesus. Plates. Paris 1687 

An Account of the late Persecution of the Protestants in the C*ML* 
Vallys of Piemont ; by the Duke of Savoy and the French 
King, in the year 1686. 4to Oxford 1688 

Histoire Apologetique, ou Defense des Libert^s des Eglises Re- C»l» 
form^es de France. Par M. Gautier. Amsterdam 1688 

The Life and Death of John Claude, done out of French, by G. P. 

4to 1688 

Histoire de VEdit de Nantes, contenant les choses les plus re- C«l/» 
marquables qui se sont passees en France avant et apres sa 

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publication^ k ^occasion de la diversity des Beligions, jusq'au 
TEdit de Revocation. Par Elias Benoit. Oct. 1685. 

5 vols. 4to Delft 1693 

Of the first two Tolumes of the translation, all that was printed, the 

C* ML* puhlisher, John Dunton, in his " Life and Errors," ohserres : " It was 

a wonderful pleasure to Queen Mary to see this history made English, 

and it was the only hook to which she gave her Royal License." 

Origine progressi e ruina del Calvinismo nella Francia^ raggu- 
aglio istorico^ dedicato all' emin. Cardinale Corsi^ da D. 
Casimir Freschot. 4to Parma 1693 

An ultramontane history of the Reformed Church of France, com- 
posed in the form of Annals from 1517 to 1686. The author relates 
that '^ to second the zeal of Louis XIV. in his endeavours to complete 
the conversion of the Huguenots, the various Religious Orders of 
France offered the assistance of New Preachers. The Oratory supplied 
one hundred and fifty ; the Jesuits two hundred ; . the Capuchins 
ahove one hundred, and other Religious Societies to the extent of 
their ability." Page 346. Quoted in " The Witnesses in Sackcloth ; 
or a Description of the Attack made upon the Reformed Churches of 
France in the Seventeenth Century; with a Bibliographical and 
Literary Appendix, including Notices of the subsequent history of the 
French Protestants." Lend. 1852, 12mo. 

A Specimen of Papal and French Persecution, exhibited in the 
Sufferings of eminent Confessors and Martyrs who have sig- 
nalized their faith and patience within the long and dismal 
reign of Louis XTV. : particularly of Louis de Marolles, etc. 
By Thomas Bray, D.D. Fol. Lend. 1712 

Arcana Gallica; or. The Secret History of France for the last 
Century, shewing by what steps the French Ministers de- 
stroyed the Liberties of that Nation in general, and Pro- 
testant Religion in particular. By [David Jones] the Author 
of the Secret History of Europe. 1714 

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Gompendions History of the Reformation in Prance and of the 
Reformed Churches^ in that Kingdom^ from the first begin- 
ning of the Reformation to the Repealing of the Edict of 
* Nantes. By Stephen Abel Laval. 3 toIs. 8vo 1737-41 

An enumeration of Authorities giving a descriptive account of the 
persecutions of the French Protestants would he imperfect, if reference 
were not made to Burnet's Memoirs of his Own Times, and his Letters 
during his travels in the years 1685-6 ; to Quick's Synodicon in Gallia 
Reformata ; or the Acts, Decisions, Decrees and Canons of the National 
Councils of the Reformed Churches in France, 2 vols. fol. 1692 ; and 
Voltaire's Siecle de Louis XIV. ch. 36. The Roman Catholics must 
not indiscriminately he charged with this crusade : it was through the 
instrumentality of the Jesuits, Louis hecame the " Scourge of God," of 
whom it has heen said : ^' It will he difficult to select from the whole 
course of history a single mortal whose follies have heen so injurious, 
and whose faults have been so fatal to his fellow creatures as were 
those of Louis XIV." — Lectures on the French Revolution by Professor 
Smyth. See the Pref. and Append, to Burnet's Hist, of the Rights of 
Princes. In the disgraceful reign of Louis XV. the " dragonnades " 
were again exercised. The benevolent projects of Louis XVI. were 
denied opportunity for development. " The work of Rulhiere, Eclair- 
cissemens sur les causes de la Revocation de I'Edit de Nantes (CEuvres 
V.) is no other than a perpetual commentary on a State-Paper sufficiently 
evincing the profound attention which Louis XVI. would have devoted 
to Ecclesiastical peace, if the hurricane of the Revolution had not swept 
away all Ordinances Divine and Civil." — Smedley's Hist, of the Re- 
formed Religion in France, vol. iii. p. 321. 

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Of the Discourses written on the occasion of Mr. Thomas 
GodderCs Conference with Dr. Edward StiUingfieeU ^ 
Dean of St. PauCs. 

85. A Letter to Mr. [Thomas] G[oddeQ] giying a trae account of 
the late conference at the dean of S. Paul's. Imprimatur 
GuU. Needham, Martii 12, 168J. pp. 8, 4to Lond. 1687 

See Cat 47. Contin. p. 40. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1070. This 
letter is signed E. S. i,e. Edward StilliDgfleet, iftid dated March 7, 
168f . Thos. Godden was president of the English College in Lisbon, 
where he took the degree of D.D. in 1656. In 1678 his servant Hill 
was executed for the murder of Sir Edmundbury Godfrey (Burnet, 
Own Times, vol. i. 445, sq.) After this he was almoner and chaplain 
to the queen dowager, and died about Dec. 1688, Ant Wood says 
(Ath. Oxon. loc. cit) " We may here take notice that Dr. Tho. Grodden 
before mention'd who (as Dr. Stillingfleet saith [Pref. to the Defence 
of his Discourse and against a Book called Catholics no Idolaters] was 
the most considerable adversary that had appeared against him) was 
bom, as I have been informed in London of the same family with Sir 
Adam Browne of Surrey (his right surname being Browne) bred in 
S. John s Coll. in Cambridge, where he was bach, of arts, but leaving 
the English church he went to Lisbon in Portugal, where spending 
some time in the English coll. he was sent on the mission to England," 
&c. I believe however that his real name was Tilden, see Ath. 
Oxon. ed. Bliss vol. iv. col. 93. 

Gee calls him Mr. Peter Gooden (Cat. p. 9) which I believe is a 
mistake; and tells us that he had a conference with Dr. Claget about 
Transubstantiation, Feb. 21, 1686, which was published under this 

B. 2/. title. The sum of a conference on Feb. 21, 1686, between Dr. Claget 

and father Gooden about the point of transubstantiation, 8vo Lond. 

©♦!♦ 1689. Also published at the end of Dr. Clagett's Seventeen Sermons 

preached on several occasions. This was Dr. W. Clagett of Eman. 
Coll. Cambr. J. H. T. 

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86. * A letter to the D.[ean] of P. [S. Paul's] in answer to the ©♦ 1^ 

arguing part of his first letter to Mr. G[odden]. Anon. By 
Mr. John Sergeant, or Sargeant. pp. 86, 4to Lond. 1687 

See Contin. p. 40. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1069. This Sergeant, 
alias Smith, was a secular priest, see Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 247 and 
1068. But he seems to have also gone by the name of Holland, and 
he wrote his book called "Sure Footing in Christianity Examined" 
under the name of George Hughes. He was a native of Lincolnshire 
and had been a Sizar of S. John's Coll. Cambr. and A.B. of that 
University, and was for some time secretary to Dr. Tho. Morton Bp. 
of Durham. In 1642 he seceded to Romanism and went to the 
English Coll. of Lisbon; and was in 1652 sent back to England as 
secretary to the secular clergy of the Mission : in which employment 
he remained to his death in 1707. He was accused of heretical 
opinions by Peter Talbot, tit. Abp. of Dublin. See Stillingfleet's 
nature and grounds of the Certainty of Faith (No. 95 injra) p. 4 sq. 
against which charge he defended himself in a book entitled VindicisQ 
contra Pet. Talbotum &c. 8vo 1678. John Sergeant wrote against 
Bramhall under the initials S. W. from which some have given him 
the Christian name of William, but Wood (loc. cit.) and Dodd (Ch. 
Hist. vol. iii. part viii. bk. ii. art. 5, pp. 472 sq.) call him John. And in 
this controversy with Stillingfleet his initials are J. S. See the new 
edition of Bramhall's Works (Anglo Cath. Libr.) Life p. xxviii vol. ii. 
p. 358 note. J. H. T. 

Other works of this voluminous Roman Catholic author will be 
noticed hei^after. 

87. A letter to a Friend reflecting on some passages in a letter [of O* 1^ 

Mr. John Sargeant] to the D. of P. in answer to the arguing 
part of his first letter to Mr. G. [Anon.] By Clement Ellis 
M.A. Rector of Kirkby in Com. Notting. 

pp. 81, 4to Lond. 1687 
See Cat. No. 49. Contin. p. 40. Ath. Oxon. vol ii. col. 970. 
[See No. 86.] 

88. ^ A second Catholic Letter against the reflections of Dr. Stil- 

lingfleefs defender. By Mr. John Sargeant. 4to Lond. 1687 
See Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1069. 

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C*%* 89. The Reflecter's defence of his letter to a friend^ against the 
furious assaults of M. J. S. in his second Catholic Letter. In 
four dialogues. pp. 72, 4to Lond. 1688 

See Cat. No. 53. Contin. p. 42. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1069. 
This is anon, but is evidently by Clement Ellis, the author of No. 87. 
J. H. T. 

©♦!/• 90. A second Letter to Mr. G. in answer to two Letters lately 
published concerning the conference at the D. of P. Impri- 
matur Guil. Needham. April 22, 1687. Anon. By Edw. 
Stillingfleet, D.D. pp. 44, 4to Lond. 1687 

See Cat. No. 48. Contin. p. 40. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1069, 
where however there is nothing about this second letter of Stilling- 
fleet, which was written not againnt Sargeant (Nos. 86, 88 supra as 
Peck states) but agwnst Mr. M. who had been present at the confer- 
ence with Godden, and who seems to have published two letters in 
defence of Godden, of which Peck makes no mention. But Wake 
(Contin. p. 40) notices them thus : " In returu to this [i.e. tq Stilling- 
fleet's first letter, No. 85 supra] Mr. M. who was with Mr. G. at the 
conference returned a letter or two to Dr. Stillingfleet concerning the 
conference ; and these produced a second from the Dean of S. Paul's, 
called &c. A copy of one of these letters, under the initials E. M. 
[i.e. Edw. Meredith] is in Trin. Coll. Library, Dublin, with this title, 
T.CD, A letter to Dr. E. S. concerning his late letter to Mr. G., and the 

account he gives in it of a conference between Mr.^G. and himself. 
4to, Lond. 1687. 

There must also have been another letter, as Stillingfleet distinctly 
speaks of two in his title-page, and in his book more than once, as p. 
36, " The Author of the first letter desires information," &c.; p. 40. 
For as the Author of the first letter well observes, " I love to spare 
my own pains. But I took the opportunity of your Absence. Herein 
Mr. M. did me injury ;" which words seem to make Mr. M. author of 
this letter also. And yet in his opening sentence p. 3, he speaks of 
" two gentlemen who have appeared in print so lately." At all events 
it is evident that the second letter to Mr. Godden (which is dated 
April 21, 1687) had no reference to Sergeant's letters; which Stil- 
lingfleet afterwards answered in a distinct book. See No. 95 infra. 
J. H. T. 

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91. ^ A third Catholic letter in answer to the arguing part of Dr. 

Stillingfleet's second letter, &c. [Anon.] By John Sargeant. 

4to Loud. 1687 

See [Contin. p. 40] Ath. Ozon. vol. ii. col. 1069, from whence this 
title is copied, for Peck does not appear to haye seen any of Sargeant's 
letters. Wake speaks of a fourth and fifth Catholic Letter, and says 
expressly (Contin. p. 41) that the fifth was so called. They are not 
given hy Wood under that name ; and hence Peck suggests that the 
two tracts, Nos. 93 and 94, although not called '^Catholic letters" in 
the title he has given, may nevertheless he those referred to hy Wake. 
See his note after No. 94. J. H. T. 

1 have heen furnished with the following titles, which prove Peck's 
suggestion to he groundless : ^' The fourth Catholick letter in answer ft* S^ 
to Dr. Stillingfleet's Sermon (as infra) addrest to his Auditory," 1688, 
4to. "The fifth Catholick letter in reply to Dr. Stillingfleet's [pre- 
tended] Answer ahout the 40th part of J. S.'s Catholick letters, addrest 
to all impartial readers," hy John Sargeant 1688 4 to. " Your second 
falshood is that Dr. St has reply'd to my first Four Letters: and 
this is a most notorious Banger. For, first, it is shown in my fifth 
Letter Page hy Page to every Examiner's Eye, from Page 154 to Page 
173, that he has omitted so much as to take notice of (much more to 
Amwer) Thirty Nine parts of Forty of my First and Third Letters.'' 
A Letter to the Continuator of the Present State of our Controversy. 
Laying open the Folly of his extravagant Boasting, and the Malice of 
his Willfull Forgeries. By John Sergeant. (Ad. calc* Continuation, 
see No. 438 in/ra,) 

92. Scripture and Tradition compared ; in a Sermon preached at C* %♦ 

Guildhall Chapel, Nov. 27, 1687. By Edward Stillingfleet, 
D.D. and Dean of St. PauFs. pp. 82, 4to Lond. 1688 

See Cat No. 50 ; [Contin. p. 40 ;] Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1069. In 
the preface to this Sermon, Stillingfleet says : ^' I intend, Qod willing, 
to puhlish in a little time a full answer to J. S. his Catholick Letters, 
so far as I am concerned in them." See No. 95. Works, vol. i. 
p. 393. J. H. T. 

See also Sermon xiii. vol. i. p. 176, The Reformation justify'd. 
Acts xxiv. 14. 

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C* 1m 98. ^ An answer to Dr. Stillingfleet's sermon at Onildhall Chapel, 
27 Nov. 1687. By Mr. John Sargeant. 4to 

See [Contin. p. 40 ;] Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1069 ; [where Wood 
says: ^^This was going to press the latter end of January the same 
year [viz. 168^], and 1 think it was printed in qu. but I have not seen 
it." I have not seen any copy of it, nor do I know whether it was 
ever pnblished.] J. H. T. 

'^ He owes me a iiill Answer to my Fourth Letter laying open the 
vanity of his insignificant Gnildhall Sermon; to which he has hitherto 
said nothing." In A Letter to the Continuator, p. 12. The original 
title is as follows, ^^ The Fourth Catholick Letter in Answer to Dr. 
Stillingfleet's Sermon, Preach't at Guild-Hall, November 27th, 1687. 
Entituled, Scripture and Tradition Compared, Addrest to his Audi- 
tory, pp. 35, Pref. v. 4to Lend. 1688. 

94. ^ The nature and grounds of the certainty of faith. By Mr. 
John Sargeant. 

See Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1069. These two last pieces, I con- 
ceive, make up Mr. Sargeant's fourth and fifth Catholic Letters to Dr. 
Stillingfleet, spoken of in the Continuation of the present GontroYersy, 
p. 41. However quaere. 

I know not where Peck got the title of this last book, for which I 
can find no authority. It is not mentioned in the place of Ath. Oxon. 
to which he refers; and I think it must have been taken from the 
title of No. 95, on the presumption that J. S. had written a book 
with a corresponding title. But this I believe is a mistake. J. H. T. 

The following works of Sergeant relate to the subject here under 
consideration, the Rule of Faith : Sure-^Footing in Christianity, or 
Rational Discourses on the Rule of Faith. With short Animad- 
versions on Dr. Pierce's Sermon (viz. The Primitive Rule of Reforma- 
tion, pp. 841-90 in his Collection of Sermons, 4to Oxford 1671) ; 
also on some passages in Mr. Whitby and Mr. Stillingfleet which con- 
cern that Rule : (viz, Whitby's Romish Doctrines not known from the 
Beginning. Lend. 1662, 4to. Stillingfleet's Rational Grounds of the 
Protestant Religion, ^c. Loud. 1665.) A Discovery of the ground- 
lessness and insincerity of my Lord of Down's Dissuasive, being the 

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fourth Appendix to Sare-Footing. 8vo Lond 1665. Errour Non- 
plost, or Dr. Stillingfleet shown to he The Man of no Principles. 
With an Essay how Discourses concerning Catholick Grounds hear 
the highest Eyidence. Svo 1671, 1673. A Letter of Thanks from the 
Author of Sure-Footing to his Answerer, Mr. J.[ohn] T.pllotson]. 
8to Paris 1666. Faith Vindicated from a possihility of Falshood 
(against some part of a Sermon of Mr. Tillotmn on Joh xzYiii. 28), 
printed 1667, 8yo. The publications of his adversaries will be found 
in Dodd and the British Librarian, col. 1080, 1081. See also chaps. 
zz., xxi., xxii. in/ray and compare Sergeant's Rule of Faith with that 
of Thomas White, or the author of those Dialogues which pass under 
Rush worth's name, 1640. Reprinted 1654. And Chillingworth's 
Answer (subjoined to the best editions of his works, as the folio, 
1704, and the new edit. Oxford, 1838, three vols. 8yo.), of whose 
Conference with White on Tradition an account is given in An His- 
torical and Critical Account of the Life and Writings of William 
Chillingworth. By Peter Des Maiseaux, 1725. 

^'Sergeant was the very genius of controversy, and there was no great 
English Protestant writer of his own time that he did not encounter. 
As if it were not sufficient to be pitted against Hammond, Bramhall, 
Jeremy Taylor, Stillingfleet, Tillotson, Whitby, Pierce and Tenison, he 
got into fierce conflict with Talbot, the Catholic Archbishop of Dublin, 
who endeavoured to represent his doctrine as heterodox, especially con- 
cerning the Rule of Faith. A very curious account of the proceedings 
in relation to Talbot's charges against him is contained in Sergeant's 
'Clypeus Septemplex' (Duaci 1677, 12mo), his Vindicise alters 
(12mo}, and in a later work of his, of great scarcity, which appears to 
have escaped Dodd and other historians altogether, entitled, *• Raillery 
defeated by calm reasoning* (Lond. 1699, 12mo), in which he gives 
an interesting narrative of the whole transaction." — Worthington's 
Diary, vol. ii. part i. p. 193, note. 

95. A discourse concerning the nature and grounds of the certainty C* I* 
of faith in answer to J. S. his Catholick Letters. By Edward 
Stillingfleet D.D., Dean of St. Paul's, London, pp. 116, and 
Cat. of Books printed for Henry Mortlock, 2 pp. 4to Lond. 


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See Cat No. 51 ; Contin. p. 41 ; Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1069; 
[StilliDgfleet's Works, vol. vi. p. 361.] He published in 1673 A 
Second Discourse in vindication of the Protestant Grounds of Faith, 
against the pretence of Infallibility in the Roman Church : in Answer 
to the Guide in Controversies, by R. Hold en; Protestancy without 
Principles ; and Reason and Religion, or the Certain Rule of Faith, by 
E. Warner. With a Particular Enquiry into the Miracles of the 
Roman Church. 

In this he replies also to Cressy, who had published, in a Collection 
of several Treatises, Stillingileet's Principles, giving an account of the 
Faith of Protestants, considered by N. O. Paris 1671, 12mo. 
E. Worsley also was an Anti-Stillingfleet in The Infallibility of the 
Roman Catholick Church and her Miracles, defended against Dr. 
Stillingileet's Cavils, unworthily made publick in two late Books. The 
one called An Answer to Several Treatises, &c. The other, A Vin- 
dication of the Protestant Grounds of Faith, &c/ Antwerp 1674, 

96. An historical discourse concerning tradition [in answer to Mr. 
John Sargeant.] By John Williams M.A. [afterwards Bishop 
of Chichester.] 

See Cat. No. 52 ; Contin. p. 41 ; Ath. Oxon. vol. il. col. 1119. 
Although this book is mentioned under the above title (omitting the 
words in brackets) by Wood and Gee, yet I much doubt if it ever 
was published. It does not exist in the Dublin Univer. or Bodl. 
Libraries. I believe the only reason for supposing it to have been 
published is the following passage in Wake's Contin. p. 41, speaking 
of John Sergeant 8 " Fifth Catholic Letter." He says : " There is a 
very learned person hath undertaken to answer not only that fifUi 
letter, but the other discourses of the Romanists about Tradition in an 
Historical Discourse concerning Tradition. This we may expect to 
have published very shortly." If Bp. Williams ever designed such a 
work, it is probable that he has given us the principal part of his col- 
lections for it in his '^ Examination of the texts cited in proof of the 
insufficiency of Scripture and necessity of tradition." See No. 376 
infra. J. H. T. 

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97. The Council of Trent examinM and disproved by Catholick C«l^ 

Tradition in the main points in controversie between us and 
the Church of Borne ; with a particular account of the times 
and occasions of introducing them. Part I. To which a pre- 
face is prefixed concerning the true sense of the Council of 
Trent^ and the notion of Transubstantiation. [Anon.] By 
Edw. Stillingfleet, D.D. Gibson vol. xi. fol. ii. Works vol. vi. 

pp. 147, 4to Loud. 1688 

See Cat. No. 54 ; Contiii. p. 42. Qnsere, if Part ii. was ever pub- 

There can be no doubt that Part ii. never was published. It does 
not appear in the collected edition of Stillingileet's works, where this 
first Part is given, vol. vi. p. 423. Bp. Gibson, in bis Preservative, 
vol. ii.. Append, p. 103, has printed a portion only of this work, viz. 
to the end of the fifth point, (pp. 1-74 of the orig. edit.,) but without * 
any intimation of having omitted anything. 

The first Part was intended by the author to prove that there was 
no Catholic Tradition for the Tridentine doctrines : the second, to give 
an account by what steps and degrees and on what occasions those 
doctrines and practices came into the Church. 

A second edition of this book was published in London the same 
year. Stillingfleet's works are edited in a most unsatisfactory manner ; 
the titles of his controversial tracts abridged without notice, often 
with the omission of essential particulars, and not a word of note to 
record the circumstances under which they were written. It is a 
disgrace to the Church that the works of such a man have not yet 
been collected under a competent editor. J. H. T. 

The pagination is very incorrect One of the treatises in vol. v. is 
paged irregularly 1-54, and 333-576. In vol. vi. there is a chasm 
from page 224*to 361. 

98. An appendix [to the Council of Trent examined, Part I.] in ©•!♦ 

answer to some passages of J. W. of the Society of Jesus, 
concerning the Prohibition of Scripture in vulgar languages, 
in the Council of Trent. By Edward Stillingfleet, D.D. 

2 sheets 4to 

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This appendix appears at the end of the second edition of the hook, 
4to Lend. 1688. There is a copy in Trin. Coll. Lihrary, Dublin ; and 
see Stillingfleet's works, vol. v. p. 511. J. H. T. 

The subject of the first Part had already been elaborated by Bishop 
Hall in The Peace of Borne proclaimed to all the World by her Famous 
Cardinal Bdlarmine^ &c. Lend. 1609. Reprinted by the Rev. 
Peter Hall, Oxford 1838. That of the second Part — the theological 
history of the Tridentine doctrines — by Chemnitius in his Examen 
Concilii Tridentiniy fol. Geneves, 1641. Translated into English, 
and entitled A Discourse and Batterie of the Great Fort of unwritten 
Traditions ; otherwise called an Examination of the Counsell of Trent 
Lond. 1582, 4to. 

C* S/« A reply to Mr. Sergeant's Third Appendix^ containing some ani- 
madversions on A rational account of the grounds of Protest- 
ant Religion; (being a vindication of Abp. Laud^ Relation 
of a Conference.) By Edward Stillingfleet, D.D. Works, 
vol. iv. 62Cy. 

C* 1m A letter to the Continuator of the Present State of our Contro- 
versy. [William Wake. See No. 438 if\/ra.] By John 

M.L. ^ A letter desiring information of the conference at the Dean of 
St. Paul's, mentioned in the letter to Mr, G. 

A single half-sheet, 4to 1687 

A Relation of a Conference held about Religion at London by | 

Edward Stillingfleet D.D. and Gilbert Burnet vrith some I 

gentlemen of the Church of Borne. pp. 64, 4to 1687 I 

From Kennet 8 MSS. additions. 

T.O.D. Protestant Certainty; or a short treatise, shewing how a Pro- 
testant may be well assured of the Articles of his Faith. Let 

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every man be fuUy assured &c. Bom. xiv. 6. pp. 84^ Mort- 
lock's Cat. of Books, pp. 2. 4to. Lond. 1689 

This is not mentioned by Gee or Peck, but in the Bodl. Cat is 
attributed to William Dillingham, D.D. J. H. T. 

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Of the discourses written on occasion of the conference between 
father Andrew Pulton and Dr. Thomas Tenison. 

99. ^ A true account of the conference between Dr. Thos. Tenison 
and Andrew Pulton. By Andrew Pulton. 

See Con tin. p. 61. ^^ They met on the account of a Boy whom Mr. 
Palton had perverted from our Religion. Great things were pre- 
sently talked, as usual on such occasions, concerning this Conference ; 
and the Papists fail'd not to boast of a mighty conquest made over the 
Doctor. This forced him to resolve on a Publication of what passed, 
tho' otherwise as little fit, as designed, to be communicated to the 
world." —• Contin. p. 61. See also a Letter from Dr. Homeck in 
Tenison's Account, p. 79. 

The same with that in Tenison's account, pp. 59-71. 

C* %• 100. ^ A true and full account of a conference held about religion 
between Dr. Thomas Tenison and Andrew Pulton^ one of the 
masters in the Savoy. PP- 18, Pref. 4 

See Contin. p. 61. No books under these titles are in the Bodl. 
Cat, nor are they in the Trin. Coll. Library, Dublin. Dr. Tenison's 
account of the conference contains a Paper entitled, ''The account 
written by Mr. Pulton, a true account of a conference had about 
Beligion between Dr. T. and A. P. on the 29th of September 1687 in 
Long- Acre London" (pp. 59, see No. 101 infra); and there is a 
reference (p. 78 ibid) to a more full account which is spoken of as 
'' Mr. Pulton's second Narrative," but which is not given. J. H. T. 

The account referred to is this No., in the beginning of which is 
this Advertisement : — '' A. P. having been eighteen years out of his 
own country, pretends not yet to any Perfection of -the English Ex- 
pression or Orthography, wherefore for the future he will crave the 
favour of treating with the Dr. in Latine, since the Dr. finds fault with 
his EngHsh." On which Macaulay remarks : *' His orthography is in- 
deed deplorable. In one of his letters wright is put for write, wold 

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for would. He challenged Tenison to dispute with him in Latin that 
they might he on equal terms." In a contemporary satire, entitled 
The Advice, is the following couplet : 

*^ Send Pulton to he lashed at Bushy's school, 
That he in print no longer -play the fool." 

101. A true account of a conference held about religion at London^ C«9m 
Sept. 29^ 1687^ between A. Pulton^ Jesuit, and Tho. Tenison, 
D.D. as also of that which led to it, and followed after it. By 
Tho. Tenison, D.D. The third edition corrected, pp. 83, 

list of books 1 page. pp. 83, 4to Lond. 1687 

See Cat No. 168. Contin. p. 61. Ath. Ozon. vol. ii. col. 1056. 

102. Kemarks on a late conference between Andrew Pulton 
Jesuit and Thomas Tenison, D.D. By Edward Meredith. 

4to Lond. 1687 
See No. 351 infra. Ath. Ozon. toI. ii. col. 1056. I do not 
understand the douhle date given hy Wood, and copied by Peck, 
unless the second (1688) refers to No. 106 infra. J. H. T. 

103. The Vindication of A. Cressener, school-master in Long- C*l.« 
Acre from the aspersions of A. Pulton Jesuit and school- 
master in the Savoy; iogpther with some account of his 
discourses with Mr. Meredith. [Imprimatur Oct. 24, 1687.] 

pp. 14, 4to Lond. 1687 

See Cat No. 170. Contin. p. 62, 63. This Vindication refers to 

some passages in Dr. Tenison's account of the conference with Pulton, 

wherein Cressener was alluded to, he having heen present, and taking 

some part, at the conference. See No. 101 supra^ p. 63. J. H. T. 

104. >b Remarks of Andrew Pulton, Master in the Savoy, upon C*l* 
Dr. Tenison's late narrative; with a confutation of the 
doctor's rule of faith, and a reply to A. Cressener's pretended 
refutation. pp. 42, 4to Lond. 1687 

See Contin. p. 61. 


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C«9m 105. Mr. Fnlton considered in his sincerity^ reasonings^ and 
authorities; or a just answer to what he hath hitherto pub- 
lished in his true account ; his true and fiill account of a 
conference, &c. His Remarks; and in them his pretended 
confutation of what he calls Dr. Tenison's Rule of Faith. 
By the said Tho. Tenison. pp. 100, and books printed for 
R. Chiswell 4 pp. pp. 100, Dedic. kc., pp. 8, 4to Lond. 1667 
See Cat No. 169. Contin. p. 62. 

106. >b Some farther remarks on the late account given by Dr. 
Tenison of his conference with Mr. Pulton wherein the 
doctor's three exceptions against Edward Meredith are 
examined, several of his other misrepresentations laid open, 
motives of the said Edward Meredith's conversion shewed, 
and some other points relating to controversy, occasionally 
treated. Together with an appendix, in which some passages 
T.O.D, of the doctor's book entitled, Mr. Pulton considered, are 
reconsidered; and in the close the best means of coming to 
the true faith proposed. To all which is added a postscript, 
in answer to the pamphlet put forth by the school-master of 
Long-acre. By Andrew Pulton. 4to Lond. 1688 

See Contin. p. 62. Peck ascribes this, as above, to A. Palton. 
But it 19 evidently by Edw. Meredith, as distinctly stated by Wake, 
Contin. loc. cit, and as appears from the book itself, a copy of which 
is in the Trin. Coll. Library, Dublin. Meredith had been proposed by 
Pulton as a witness of the conference; Tenison's three objections 
were 1. That Meredith had not acted fairly in the conference 
between Stillingfleet and Godden. 2. That he had in a Coffeehouse 
pitied the state of St. Martin's (of which Dr. T. was rector) as being 
under one man, although it was capable of maintaining 30 friars. 3. 
That he was a convert from the Church of England, and therefore (as 
was usual with converts) possessed with a spirit of fiercer bigotry. 
J. H. T. 

C* 9m 107. The Missionaries arts discovered ; or an account of their 
ways of insinuation^ their artifices and several methods of 

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wluch they serve themselyes in making converts. With a 
letter to Mr. Pulton^ challenging him to make good his 
charge of disloyalty against Protestants. And an historical 
Preface, eontaining an account of their introducing heathen 
Oods in their processions, and oth^ particulars relating to 
the several chapters of this Treatise. Jer. xii. 6, Believe them 
not, though they speak fair words wtdo us. Tertull. adv. 
Valent. Habent artificium ^c. Pers. Sat. v. frorUe politi ^c. 
By H. minister of the Church of England, 
pp. 96, Letter to Mr. Pulton, 4 pp. Pref. xxiv. 4to Lond. 1688 

See Cat. No. 173. Contin. p. 59. Gee tells us, and is copied by 
Peck, that this book is " by Mr. H., a Divine of the Church of Eng- 
land." I know not whether it was any additional information that 
made Peck alter the word " Divine" into " Minister," but I have not 
been able to learn who Mr. H. was. There is nothing in the book 
itself to guide us even to the amount of information that Gee has 
communicated.* The title page makes no mention of Mr. H. The 
letter to Mr. Pulton is signed ^^ Anonymous." Bp. Gibson, who has 
reprinted this book (Preserv. against Popery, vol. iii. tit. ziii. p. 3) 
attributes it to '^ Dr. Hicks" (Titles of the Treatises in vol. iii. p. 6), 
meaning I presume the celebrated Dr. George Hickes, but it is not in 
the list of his works given in Bayle's Diet by Bernard, Bird, and Lock- 
man, nor in that given Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1002 sq., nor can I find 
any other authority besides Gibson's for attributing it to Hickes. 
J. H. T. 

That this and the following tract were not written by George 
Hickes is certain, because in a Catalogue which he presented to 
Thoresby in 1708 of his own Books, Sermons and Tracts, these are 
not mentioned. See Thoresby s Diary and Correspondence, vol. iv. 
pp. 115-20, 208, 209. 

" That the gentlemen of the Church of Rome may have all the 
help in the world to convince me of falsifications, if they can ; and to 
spare them that trouble which they put us to, by careless and ignorant 
quotations, I have here given a Catalogue of the Books [180] cited in 
^e ensuing Treatise, with their Editions." pp. zxii-zxiv. 

108. A defence of the missionaries arts, wherein the charge of C«9m 

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disloyalty^ rebellions, plots and treasons^ asserted p. 76 of that 
book, are fully proved against the Members of the Chnrch of 
Bome^ in a brief account of the several plots contrived^ and 
rebellions raised by the papists against the lives and dignities 
of sovereign princes since the Reformation. By the Author 
of the Missionaries Arts. 

pp. 96, Fref. 6 pp. Advert, of books 2 pp. 4to Lond. 1689 

A total Defeat of the Protestant Rule of Faith, by A. Pulton 
against Dr. Tenison. 4to 1687 

A Vindication of Protestant Charity, in Answer to some passages 

in Mr. B. M's Remarks on a late Conference. [Printed with 

C*9m Some Reflexions upon a Treatise call'd Pietas Romana et 

Parisiensis, lately printed at Oxford. By Jdlhies Harrington.*] 

4to Oxford 1688 
See Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1059, and No. 352 infra. A copy of 
this is in Trin. Coll. Library, Dublin. It is Anon., but was written 
by James Harrington, A.M., Stud, of Ch. Ch. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 
909 and 1056, where Wood informs us that Mr. £. M. was Edward 
Meredith, "son of a father of hoth his names, minister of Landulph 
in Comwal}," who had heen Stud, of Ch. Ch. in 1666, but left with- 
out taking a degree, and afterwards hecame secretary to Sir Wm. 
Godolphin, when he was ambassador in Spain, and a strict Boman 
Catholic. See No. 102 supra. Mr. Meredith is mentioned by 
Tenison in his Account of a Conference with Pulton (No. 101 suprd)^ 
where there are some notices of the Conference with Stillingfleei. 
The late Conference here spoken of is not that between Stillingfleet 
and Godden, but that between Tenison and Pulton. See Nos. 102, 
106. J. H. T. 

^ Some remarks upon the author and licenser of ''The Missiona- 
ries Arts discoyered^^' with a reply to a challenge made him. 
By Andrew Pulton, in a letter prefixed to the said Pamphlet. 

4to Lond. 1688 

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The sequel of the conference between father Andrew Pulton 
and Dr. Thomas Tenison ; or an account of the Specu- 
lum Ecclesiasticum and the discourses written thereupon. 

The conference and dispute between father Pulton and Dr. 
Tenison produced another^ which opened with 

109. ^ Speculum Ecclesiasticum ; or an ecclesiastical prospectire 
glass. By T. Ward^ a Roman catholick soldier. 

See Contin. p. 63. The Bodl. Cat. attributes this work to the 
Thomas Ward, who was the author of the ^ Errata of the Protestant 
Bible" and other works. I have not seen the original edition which 
is in folio, a single sheet It did not howeyer contain the name of 
T. Ward, as Peck's mode of transcribing the title might lead one to 
suppose. Wake (Contin. p. 62) says, '^ written, we. are told, by a 
souldier of that party, T. Ward." J. H. T. 

Note, this Roman catholick soldier was soon after followed by 
^^ The protestant Footman." And each party boasted much of their 
particular champion. See chap. x. infra. 

The Speculum Ecclesiasticum was reprinted with No. 115 infra. C*%* 

110. Six conferences concerning the Eucharist ; wherein is shewed^ C« I/« 
That the doctrine of transubstantiation overthrows the proofs 

of christian religion. Imprimatur Jo. Battely^ Sept. 12, 1687. 
[Anon.] By Monsieur de la Placette. Translated and pub- 
lished by Thomas Tenison, D.D. 

pp. 120 and 2 pp. Cat. of Books, 4to Lend. 1687 

See Cat. No. 77 ; Contin. p. 24. This work is a transition from 

a French writer, M. Jean de la Placette, as we learn from Gee and 

Peck, who add to the aboye title, as if it had formed part of it, 

*' Written by M' de la Placette, and translated and published by Dr. 

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TenisoD. This latter statement, that it was published (not ihat it was 
translated) by Tenison is evident from the following advertisement 
prefixed to the work Nov. 5, 1678. Mr. A. Pulton, Jesuit, having in 
his remarks (published Nov. 4) declared in effect (in pp. 29, 30) that 
the principles of philosophy which contradict the doctrine of Tran- 
substantiadon are to be renounced, and that Christians have the same 
ground to believe Transubstantiation as the blessed Trinity, and de- 
manding how great the confusion of Dr, TtUotson will be at the Day of 
Judgment f when he ehaU find thtU tenet true; the said Dr. Tenison, 
the Publisher of this book does so far as concerns these particulars, 
refer Mr. Pulton to it, and for the rest of his remarks he will in doe 
time give a very just answer to them." 

I have thought it worth while to transcribe tiiis, as it exhibits the 
rise of a subsequent controversy, ^' the Doctrine of Transubstantiation 
and the Trinity compared." J. H. T. 

C*9i« 111. Of the incurable scepticism of the church of Rome. Impri- 
matur Guil. Needham, Oct. 20, 1687. 

pp. 160 and Cat. of Books 4 pp. 4to Lond. 1688 
See Cat. No. 103. Contin. p. 7. 

This work by the same Johannes de la Placette wbb first published 
in Latin at Amsterdam in 1596, 4to under the title, '^ De insanabili 
Romanse ecclesise scepticismo dissertatio." The present translation is 
by the learned Henry Wharton, who when a very young man was 
employed by Dr. Tenison to make it. See Life of Wharton, in the 
Appendix to D'Oyly's Life of Sancroft, vol. ii. p. 119, where it is said 
that he completed the translation in a fortnight. J. H. T. 

John de la Placette, bom in 1639, died in 1718. Another work 
of this eminent French Protestant minister ought here to be mentioned. 
Traits de la Foi Divine. 1697 12mo, and 1716 4to. 

112. >b A full answer to Dr. Tenison's conferences concerning the 

Peck does not profess to have seen this book ; he probably inferred 
its existence from the following which was in his collection. I hare 
never seen either. J. H. T. 

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lis. Of transnbgtantiation; or a reply to a late paper called a full 
answer to Dr. Teniaon^s conferences coneerning the encharist. 

A single half sheets fol. 1688 

114. ^ A letter to the author of [the reply to] a late paper called B.L. 

a fall answer to Dr. Tenison's conferences couceming the T.O.D. 
eucharist. A single sheets 4to 1687 

Peck marks this as having been written on the Popish side, 
although from the title as he gives it it would seem as if it had been 
written in defence of Tenison. Hq has omitted, however, the words 
in brackets. The Bodl. puts this under W. D. Who was W. D. ? 
J. H. T. 

115. The pamphlet entitled Speculum Ecclesiasticum^ or an eccle- C«I/« 
siastical prospective glass considered in its false reasonings 

and quotations* There are added by way of preface two 
farther answers; the firsts to the defender of the Speculum; 
the second to the half sheet against the six conferences. 
[Anon.] By Henry Wharton, M.A. 

pp. 72 and Cat of Books 4 pp. 4to Lond. 1688 

See Cat. No. 171. Contin. p. 62. Ath. Oxon. vol. iii. col. 874. 

This begins by a letter from Thomas Tenison to Mr. A. B. [i.e. 
Henry Wharton] communicating to him certain papers written in 
defence of the Speculum by its author, which had in some way, as he 
says, "by a very strange Providence of God," fallen into Tenison's 
hands. Then the answer from A. B. to Tenison (page 7} in which 
Wharton examines the references to the Fathers, made by the author 
of the Speculum, proving them to have been either quoted from 
spurious writings, or containing nothing to the purpose. Then (page 
22) the answer to the half-sheet (see No. 112 supra). Then follows 
(page 25) a reprint of the Speculum itself "according to the copy 
bonght of the woman in the Savoy, to whom Mr. Pulton directed." 
At the end of which is " Per T. W." [i.e. Thomas Ward] the only 
intimation of the authors name which the Tract contains. Then 
follows another title page (included, however, in the pagination as 
page 45) exactly the same as the former with the omission of the 

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clause, " There are added by way of preface," &c. and page 47-72 
Wharton's admirable exposure of the gross dishonesty of quotations, 
citing of forged writings, &c. of the author of the Speculum. J. H. T. 
Bom in 1664, died in 1694. "Conspicuous amongst the recruits 
whom Cambridge sent to the field was a distinguished pupil of the 
great Newton, Henry Wharton, who had, a few months before, been 
senior wrangler of his year, and whose early death was soon after 
deplored by all parties as an irreparable loss to letters. See the pre- 
face to Henry Wharton's Posthumous Sermons." Macaulay. 

116. ^ The Boman catholick soldier's letter to Dr. Thomas 

This letter was reprinted with the next number. 

I know not if it was ever printed elsewhere, although Peck says it 
was reprinted. It occurs page 9 of the next number, and is there 
subscribed T. Ward. In the answer the original edition of the letter 
is alluded to thus : ^^ Now in your absence the author of the Ecclesi- 
astical Prospectiye Glass has wrapt up your Speculum examin'd in a 
little bit of coarse paper." The letter (which makes but two pages) 
was therefore probably printed originally on coarse paper for sale in 
the streets, or cheap distribution. J. H. T. 

C»9m 117. An answer to the letter of the Boman catholic sonldier [as 
he calls himself]. In a letter from C. D. to A. B. the 
examiner of his Speculum. The souldier's letter is added at 
the end. Imprimatur H. Maurice. [Anon.] By Thomas 
Tenison, D.D. pp. 10. 4to 1688 

See Cat. No. 172. Contin. p. 62. 

Although Gee and after him Peck expressly attribute thifl tract to 
Tenison, I have no doubt from the style that it was by Henry 
Wharton. The Bodl. Catal. also attributes it to Tenison. J. H. T, 

118. >b Monomachia ; or a duel between Dr. Thomas Tenison, 
pastor of St. Martin's^ and a Boman catholick soldier^ wherein 
the Speculum Ecclesiasticum is defended against the frivolous 
cayilS; vain objections and false aspersions of Dr. Tenison ; 

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the doctor also put to defend his form of ordination and to 
proye himself priest and pastor of St. Martin's^ and lastly to 
hear the confessions of his parishioners^ and give them abso- 
lution, pp. 48, 4to 1687 

See Conttn. p 63. 

This is probably by Tbomas Ward. See the Answer (No. 117) 
page 7, where it is called ^^your maoDerly and learned pamphlet 
called the Duel." Two copies of it in the Trin. Coll. Library, Dublin. 
J. H. T. 

Dodd mentions it in his list of Ward's works. Of his Hudibrastic 
poem, England's Reformation, see Retrospective Review, iii. 329. 

^^ Before The Speculum Beeleeiasticum considered was published, 
the Doctor obtained a copy of the Defence which the Soldier had pre- 
pared of his Quotations, but was not yet come from the Press ; and to 
finish all at once, an Answer was set forth to that too at the same 
time, ere it could appear abroad in the world. This the Soldier re* 
sented, and expressed his sense of it in a Letter to Dr. Tenison; 
which, together with a Reply to it, were published under the title of 
An Answer to the Letter, &c. However, not long after this, the 
Defence was publish't with a dreadful name, viz., Monomaehia^ &c 
And so I think this worthy Controversie ended.* Contin. p. 63. 

The author of the Speculum Eocleeiaeiieum divides it into eight 
parts or columns; and in them undertakes to prove the doctrines of the 
Church of Rome from Scripture, and the testimonies of the Fathers of 
the Church for the first 500 years. I. The Succession of the Church. 
II. The Primacy of the Pope. III. The Infallibility of the Church. 
IV. The Unity of the Church. V. Transubstantiation. VI. Auri- 
cular Confession and Absolution. VII. Invocation or Prayer to Saints, 
&c. VIII. Purgatory and Prayer for the Dead. Lastly, that Apos- 
tolical Tradition is the true Rule of Faith. 

A fall discoTcry of the false evidence produced by the Papists 
against the most reverend and learned Dr. Tho. Tenison. 

One sheet, 4to 1688 

The soldier's letter is added at the end. N.B. In the note to No. 

116 the Editor neglected to suppress the sentence **• I know not," &c. 


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Of the Discourses written in the dispute between Dr. WUliam 
Sherlock and father Lewis Sabran, about the doctor's 
Preservative against Popery. 

C«l.« 119. A preservative against popery; being some plain directions 
to onleamed protestants, how to dispute with Romish Priests. 
The first part. By Will. Sherlock^ D.D. Master of the 
Temple. pp. 90, 4to Lond. 1688 

See Cat No. 174. Contin. p. 2. 

On the use of Church authority and tradition, as compatihle with 
private judgment, see Daille on the use of the Fathers, Laud's Con- 
ference, Taylor's Liberty of Prophesying, John White's Way to the 
True Church [see an account of this interesting folio of the learned 
Vicar of Eccles, Lancashire, in Humphrey Chetham's Church Libra- 
ries], and Newman's Lectures on the Prophetical Office of the Church, 
viewed relatively to Romanism and Popular Protestantism : Lect v. 
On the use of private judgment. 

©•1^ 120. * An answer to Dr. Sherlock's preservative against popery. 
[Anon.] By Lewis Sabran^ Jesuit. 

One sheet, 4to Lond. 1688 

See Contin. p. 3. 

Bom in 1652, died in 1732. A memoir of the Chaplain to James 
XL will he found in Dr. Oliver's Memoirs of the Members of the 
Society of Jesus. 

This Catalogue contains Sahran's other works. 

C*I^ 121. A defence of Dr. Sherlock's preservative against Popery; in 
reply to a Jesuit's answer. Wherein the E. Father's reason- 
ings are fully confuted. By William Giles^ a protestant 
footman^ living with Madam H. in Mark-Lane. The third 
edition, [pp. %7, and the publisher to the reader pp. 110.] 

4to Lond. 1688 

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See Cat No. 176. Contin p. d. 

I know Dot who was the real author of this hook, for William 
Giles, I presume, is a feigned name. It is eiridently the work of a 
scholar. Three editions at least appear to have heen called for the 
year of its puhlication. J. H« T. 

122. The second part of the preservative against popery ; shewing C«l^ 

how contrary popery is to the true ends of the christian reli- 

gion^ fitted for the instruction of unlearned protestants. By 

William Sherlock^ D.D. Master of the Temple. 

pp. 91, 4to Lond. 1688 
See Cat. No. 175. Contin. p. 3. 

128. ^ Dr. Sherlock^s preservative considered ; first part, with its 
defence [by William Giles] in two letters. By Lewis Sabran, 
of the society of Jesus. 
See Contin. p. 4. 

124. A vindication of both parts of the preservative against C*lt» 
popery, in answer to the cavils of Lewis Sabran, Jesuit. By 
William Sherlock, D.D. 

pp. Ill and Catal. of Books pp. 3, 4to 1588 

See Cat No. 177. Contin. p. 4. Peck, hy an error of the press, 

has marked this book as if it had heen on the popish side. J. H. T. 

Another edition of No. 123, 
^ Dr. Sherlock^s preservative considered ; the first part, and its 
defence proved to contain principles which destroy all right 
use of reason. Fathers, Councils, undermine divine faith and 
abuse moral honesty; in the second part forty malidons 
calumnies and forged untruths laid open; besides several 
fanatical principles which destroy all church discipline and 
oppose Christ^s divine authority. In two letters of F. Lewis 
Sabran, of the Society of Jesus. With a third letter to Mr. 
Needham. pp. 86, 4to 1688 

See Dr. Oliver's Memoirs. 

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Of the discourses written about the conversions of several 
persons to the Church of Rome^ with their motives ; and 
the churchmen^s replies. 

C*9m 125. A discourse against Transubstaiitiation. [Anon.] By John 
TUlotson, D.D. 

pp. 43 and Catalogue of Books pp. 3^ 4t6 Lond. 1685 

pp. 36, 8vo 1687 

See Cat No. 4 [State p. 8.] Contin. pp. 6 and 8. 

This discourse is placed in this section hecause it was attacked by 
the following, which it seems to have occasioned, hut of coarse not in 
the sense of having occasioned Mr. Basset's conyersion to Romanism, 
which is a mere pretence. J. H. T. 

'^ Though some of their greatest wits^ as Cardinal Perron, and of late 
Monsieur Arnaud, have undertaken the defence of it (Transuhstantia-. 
tion) in great volumes ; yet it is an absurdity of that monstrous and 
massy weight, that no humane authority or wit are able to support it : 
It will make the very pillars of St. Peter's crack, and requires more 
volumes to make it good than would fill the Vatican." p. 42. 

C* 9m 126. ^ Reason and Authority ; or the motives of a late protestanf s 
reconciliation to the Catholick Church. Together with re- 
marks upon some late discourses against Transubstantiation. 
Publisht with allowance. 

pp. 180, 4to Henry Hills, Lond. 1687 
See Contin. p. 8. This work is attributed in the Bodl. and Dublin 
Catalogues to Josh. Bassett, Master of Sidney Col). Cambridge. Dodd 
(Church Hist vol. iii. p. 483) attributes it to Gother, which can 
scarcely be true; for the writer of this work represents himself as 
having been converted to Bomanism after the publication of Tillot- 
son's discourse against Transubstantiation, which was published in 
1685. ''At least (he says) I was recommended to a late discourse 
against Transubstantiation. I read it over and over with great atten- 

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tion," &c. p. 43. It is very possible, howeyer, that Grother may have 
written the matter of the book or supplied it to Bassett, who was 
probably a mere instrument in the hands of the party. The main 
object of the work is to attack this Discourse of Tillotson (pp. 43-113) 
and that by Dr. Wake (pp. 113 et seq.) See No. 280 infra. Joshua 
Bassett, S.T.B. Caius Coll. made master of Sidney, regiis Uteris Jac. 
II. 1686. Amotus regiis Uteris Jac. II. 1 Dec. 1688. Cooper's Annals, 
Tol. iii. pp. 614, 616, 636, 642. Mr. Cooper refers to Bodl. Catal. vol. i. 
p. 198, and to Bassett's verses on the death of the Duke of Albemarle 
1700, on the accession of James II. 168^, and on the birth of the 
Prince of Wales 1688. For the dates of his degrees see the Graduati 
Cantabr. J. H. T. 

127. An answer to a book entitled^ Reason and Authority^ &c. C«9m 
together with a brief account of Augustine the Monk, and of 
the conversion of the English, taken out of Bede's Ecclesias- 
tical History. In a Letter to a Friend. [Anon,] By Thomas 
Bambridge, D.D. Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. 

pp. 96, 4to Lond. 1687 

See Cat. No. 133. Contin. p. 35. Fasti Oxon. toI. ii. col. 177. 
Gee calls the anthor Dr. Bembridge ; the name is Bambridge in Wood 
(loc. cit), bnt the true name is Thos. Bainbrigg, as he is called in the 
Reg. of Cambr. He graduated B.A. 165^. He was Proctor 1678. 
See Hardy's Le Neve. Graduati Cantabr. and Blomfield Collect Can- 
tabr. p. iii. Bainbrigg was made A.M. per Regias literas 1661, and 
S.T.B. per Reg. lit. 1684. He died suddenly August 16, 1703.— 
Baker's note [ib. ed. Bliss.] See also Cooper's Ann. of Cambr. vol. iv. 
p. 64. J. H. T. 

Compare Archbishop Parker, De Antiquitate Britannicsd EcclesisB, 
fol. 1572, 1605. Ussher's Discourse of the Religion anciently professed 
by the Irish and British, 4to Lond. 1631, Works, vol. iv. Basire on the 
Ancient Liberty of the Britannick Church and the Legitimate Exemp- 
tion thereof from the Roman Patriarchate &c, &c., 12mo Lond. 1661. 
Of the Heart and its right Sovereign : and Rome no Mother-Church to 
England, Or an historical Account of the title of an English Church ; 
and by what Ministry the Gospel was first planted in every county. 
By Thomas Jones, of Oswestry, 8vo Lond. 1678. See Wood's Ath. 

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Qxon. ed. Bliss, iv. col. 711. Stillingfleet's Origines Britannicffi, or 
The Antiquities of the British Churches, fol. Lend. 1685. Works 
1710, Tol. i. A new edition with additional notes, hy the Rev. Tho. 
Finder Pantin, M.A., 2 vols 8vo Oxford 1842. Bp. Lloyd's History 
of the Goyernment of the Church, as it was in Great Britain and Ire* 
land when they first received the Christian Religion, 12mo Lend. 
1703, and in Pan tin's Stillingfleet, vol. ii. With a list of Authors 
referred to. The Britons and Saxons not converted to Popery, con- 
taining an Answer to all material in a hook, '' England's Conversion 
and Reformation compar'd.* By George Smith. 8vo. Lond. 1748. 
On the other side consult A Treatise of Three Conversions of England 
^ from Paganisme to Christian Religion, S vols. 12mo. 1603. [By 

Roh. Parsons. See Wood's Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 67] Cress/s 
Church History of Brittany, fol. 1668 ; and Dr. Lingard's History and 
Antiquities of the Anglo-Saxon Church, 2 vols. 1845. 

C* 9m 128. >b The considerations whicli obliged Peter Manby^ Dean of 
Derry^ to embrace the Catholique Religion. Humbly dedi- 
cated to His Grace the Lord Primate of Ireland. Ps. xlii. 
Judica me Deus^ et disceme causam meam^ &c. Dublin 
Castle the 11th of March 1686-7. This following Discourse 
is allowed to be printed. Tho. Sheridan. 

pp. 19^ to the Reader pp. 6^ 4to Lond. 1687 
See Contin. p. 36. P. Manhy had been a scholar of Trin. Coll. 
Dublin in 1660, Chaplain to Ahp. Boyle, and Dean of Derry, Septem- 
ber 17th, 1672. It is said that having heen disappointed in obtaining 
a hishoprick, which he had hoped for from the influence of the 
Primate, he joined the Church of Rome. This is alluded to in Dr. 
King's answer to the present work, see No. 129. In 1686 he had a 
dispensation under the Great Seal to hold the Deanery notwithstand- 
ing his having declared himself a Roman Catholic, and therefore it 
will he observed that in the title page of the present work he styles 
himself '< Dean," not late Dean, ^< of Derry." In 1688 the king made 
him an alderman of Derry. Afler the battle of the Boyne he retired 
into France; and died in Laideu in 1697* It is said that his brother, 
also a clergyman, was hy his means converted to Romanism, and left 
two sons who both became Jesuits. Ware, Writers of Ireland 
(Harris's ed. p. 2.57), Cotton's Fasti, vol. iii. p. 332. 

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It is worthy of remarlr that the '' Queries to Protestants, concem- 
ing the English Reformation, hy T. W. Gent" (see No. 173 infra) 
are the same as those given in Latin, hy Peter Manhy, at the end of 
No. 128. J. H. T. 

129. An answer to the considerations which obliged Peter Manby^ C«I/« 
Late Dean of London-Derry in Ireland (as he pretends) to 
embrace what he calls the Catholick Religion. By William 
King; Chancellor of St. Patrick's Dublin. Isai^ i. ii. I have 
nourished and brought up children^ and they have rebelled 
against me. pp. 104^ 4to Lond. 1687 

Cat No. 189. Contin. p. 35. An edition was printed in Duhlin 
(or with a Duhlin title page) the same year. William King had heen 
a scholar of Trin. Coll. Duhlin; was Chancellor of St. Patrick's 1679, 
Dean of St. Patrick's 168f, Bishop of Deny 169^ Archhishop of 
Duhlin 1703. He died May 8, 1729. His Answer to Manhy gave 
rise to the following controversial tracts in Ireland. 

^ A reformed catechism in two dialogues, concerning the English 
Reformation, collected for the most part word for word out of Dr. 
Burnet, John Fox, and other Protestant Historians, published for the 
information of the people, in reply to Master William King's Answer 
to Dean Manhy's Considerations. The first Dialogue. 4to Duhlin 

Here again, it will he ohserred, that the author styles himself 
" Dean Manhy." The second Dialogue never appeared. To this Mr. 
King replied in 

A Vindication of the answer to the Considerations, which ohliged 
Peter Manhy, Dean of Derry, to emhrace what he calls the Catholick 
Religion : heing an answer to the first Dialogue, already printed, of 
his reformed Catechism. 4to Duhlin 1688. 

In the same year Manhy pnhlished 

^ A letter to a friend, shewing the vanity of this opinion, that 
every man's sense and reason is to guide him in matters of faith. 4to 
Duhlin 1688. 

And to this King again replied in 

A vindication of the Christian Religion and Reformation against the 
attempts of a late letter wrote hy Peter Manhy, Dean of Derry, pre- 

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tending to show that all religions have a like plea, and that there can 
be no sach sins as heresy and schism if every man's sense and reason 
are to guide him in matters of faith. 4to Dublin 1688. J. H. T. 

ft«9M 180. ^ Consensus Veteram; or the reasons of Edward Sdater, 
Minister of Putney^ for his Conversion to the Catholic Faith 
and Communion. Jer. vi. 16. Thus saith the Lord^ stand 
you in the ways^ &c. Ecclesia Romana principem in ecclesias 
locum semper tenuity et antiquarum traditionum tenaciasima 
fiiit. Dr. Walton^ Frolegom. 10, non procul ab initio. 

[pp. 100, to the Reader pp. 6], 4to Lond. 1686 

See Contin. p. 43. Ath. Ozon. vol. ii. col. 1083. Edward Sclater 
was of St John 8 Coll. Oxford ; M.A. 1647 : a schoolmaster and 
afterwards minister of Putney ; having joined the Church of Rome on 
the accession of James II. he had a licence to retain the income of the 
cure, employing a curate to do the clerical duty. See an allusion to 
the numerous scandalous cases of this kind that occurred at that time 
in ^'Some Dialogues between Mr. G." [a clergyman in exactly the 
same circumstances as Sclater] '^and others." No. 254 infra. On 
Rogation Sunday, May 5th, 1689, he made a public recantation of the 
Roman Catholic Religion, and was receiyed into the Communion of 
the Church of England in the Savoy Church, after which he lived 
privately near Exeter House or Change Wood. J. H. T. 

"^ The dispeusiug power was, at the same time, employed for the 
purpose of enabling Roman Catholics to hold ecclesiastical preferment 
The new Solicitor readily drew the warrants in which Sawyer had 
refused to be concerned. One of these warrants was in favour of a 
wretch named Edward Sclater, who had two livings which he was 
determined to keep at all costs and through all changes. He admin- 
istered the sacrament to his parishioners according to the rites of the 
Church of England on Palm Sunday 1686. On Easter Sunday, only 
seven days later, he was at mass. The royal dispensation authorised 
him to retain the emoluments of his benefices. To the remonstrances 
of the patrons from whom he had received his preferment he replied 
in terms of insolent defiance, and, while the Roman Catholic cause 
prospered, put forth an absurd treatise in defence of his apostasy. 
But, a very few weeks after the Revolution, a great congregation as- 

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sembled at Saint Mary's in the Savoy, to see him received again into 
the bosom of the Charch which he had deserted. He read his re- 
cantation with teors flowing from his eyes, and pronounced a bitter 
invective against the Popish priests whose arts had seduced him. 

See the letters patent in Gutch's Collectanea Cariosa. The date 
is the 3rd of May, 1686. Sclater s Consensus Veterum ; Gee's Reply, 
entitled Veteres Vindicati ; Dr. Anthony Horneck's account of Mr. 
Sclater's recantation of the errors of Popery on the 5th May, 1689; 
Dodd's Church History, part viii, book ii. art. 3. — Macaulay, vol. ii. 
p. 85. 

His other Reasons, besides Transubstantiation, are the unity of the 
Church, St. Peter's supremacy, &c. 

181. Veteres Vindicati, in an expostulatory letter to Mr. Sclater C^W^ 
of Putney, upon his Consensus Veterum; wherein the ab- 
surdity of his method, the weakness of his reasons are shewn, 
his false aspersions upon the Church of England are wiped 
off, and her faith concerning the Eucharist proved to be that 
of the Primitive Church. Together with animadversions on' 
Dean Boileau^s French translation of and Remarks upon 
Bertram. King Charles the Martyr to the Prince. Ei/e. 

BaaiX. 27. '' But if you never see my face again and 

the meanness of fantastic anarchy.'^ [Anon.] By Edward 
Gee, M.A. [pp. 107], 4to Lond. 1687 

See Cat. No. 46. Contin. p. 43. Ath. Ozon. vol. ii. col. 222. 
This reference ought to be Fasti vol. iL col. 222. For another 
answer to Sclater see No. 240 infra. J. H. T. 

" Mar. 4, 1683. Edw. Gee, M.A., of St Job. Coll. in the said univ. 
[Cambridge] was then incorporated. This learned divine, who is of 
the Gees of Manchester in Lancash., is now rector of St. Benedict's 
church near Paul's Wharf in London, and chapl. in ord. to their majes- 
ties king William and queen Mary. He hath written and published 
several books, mostly against popery, which came out in the reign of 
king Jame9 1 1., the titles of which I shall now for brevity's sake omit." 
[Edw. Gee Lancastr. de Manchester ubi natus et Uteris institutus, filius 
Georgii Gee sutor calcearum, annos natus 17 adm. subsizator pro 
magistro Alport: tutore et fidejussore ejus magistro Leech, Mail 9, 


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1676. Reg. Coll. Jo. Cant. Baker.]" Fasti Ozon. col. 222. All his 
books against popery are enumerated in this Catalogue. 

ft« 9m 132. ^ Transubstantiation defended and proved from Scripture : 
in answer to the first part of a Treatise intitled^ A Discourse 
against Transubstantiation. The first Part. S. Ignatius Ep. ad. 

Smymseos. EirxcLpvarla/; koL irpoaevxvj^ airoOvqa-KOwn. 

They abstain from our communion die questioning 

the matter among themselves, [pp. 64^ with introduction 
(at the beginning) pp. 22 and contents (at the end) 2 pp.] 

4to Lond. 1687 
See Contin. p. 8. This, with the folio vring tracts Nos. 133 and 
135, were in answer to No. 125 supra. There is no other reason 
why they should be placed in this chapter. J. H. T. 

C*9m 133. ^ A answer to a discourse against Transubstantiation. Hie 
- est Filius mens dilectus. Ipsum audite. This is my beloved 
son. Hear ye him. Matthew xvii. 5. 

[pp. 80], 4to Lond. 1687 
Contin. p. 8. Dodd, in his Church History, vol. iii. p. 483, 
attributes this tract to John Gk>ter or Gother. J. H. T. 

134. A reply to a treatise entitled Transubstantiation defended, 
&c., as No. 132 supra, 

Contin. p. 8. Qasere if e^er printed ? [An answer to No. 132 is 
promised by Wake, Contin. p. 3, and is said to have been then pre- 
pared. J. H. T.] 

135. ^ Transubstantiation defended. Part ii. of No. 132 supra. 

Contin. p. 8. Quaere if ever published ? [There is no reason to 
suppose that this work was ever printed. Wake (Contin. p. 8) says 
that (in 1688) it had not appeared. J. H. T.] 

Kg. 119. Dai]16 or DallffiUB ; on the merits of this work see Des MaiBeanx's 
Life of Chillingworth. 

No. 124. 1688 pro 1588. Supplem. [Wm. Needham WM the Chaplain of 

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the Abp. of Oanterbniy, who signed the Licence or Imprimatur to Dr. Sher- 
lock's books. J. H. T.] 

No. 126. At iMt pro At least. 

No. 128. After Dean of Derry, — a drcumstanoe which is thus alluded to in 
Dr. King's Answer : — *' Why did jon defer publishing this paper (such as it 
is), which was ready some time before, till you thought you might be sure of 
keeping the profits of your Deanery P Either you are a Lay or Clergyman. If 
a Layman are you not abominably sacril^ous to have possessed, and still 
retain the Bevenue of a Clergyman ? Why do you retain the Title of Dean in 
the Frontispiece of a book, which is designed to prove you to be no Priest, and 
consequently incapable of it ? If your orders had yielded you as much per 
annum as your Deanery doth, have we not reason to belieye you would no 
more hare renounced the one than the other ? For shame, — resign our church 
her own, since you have deserted her, or never talk of conscience.'' — Answer 
to the Considerations, &c., p. 13. J. H. T. 

After France, — but afterwards returned to England, and died in London 
in 1697. J.H.T. 

Yindicise Calvinisticse : or some impartial reflections on the Dean 
of Londonderry's Considerations, and Mr. Chancellor King^s 
Answer thereto, in which he no less unjustly than imperti- 
nently reflects on the Protestant Dissenters. In a letter to a 
friend, by W. B., D.D. 4to Dublin 1688. 

This Tract lias been priDted among the works of the Rev. Joseph 
Boyse, of Dublin, an eminent and learned Dissenting Minister, vol. ii, 
p. 45, Lond. fol. (two vols.) 1728, with a Prefatory Epistle (in which 
this Tract is particularly alluded to), signed by E. Calamy and five 
other ministers. J. H. T. 

The Romish Priest tumM Protestant, with the reasons of his con- 
version. Wherein the true church is exposed to the view of 
Christians, and derived out of the holy scriptures, sound 
reason, and the ancient fathers. Humbly presented to both 
Houses of Parliament. By James Salgado, formerly a priest 
of the Order of the Dominicans. pp. 31, 4to Lond. 1679 

A Confession of Faith of James Salgado, a Spaniard and sometime 

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a priest in the Church of Rome. Dedicated to the University 
of Oxford. With an account of his life and sufferings^ by the 
Bomish party^ since he forsook the Romish religion. 

pp. 15, 4to 1681 

A letter to a Lord upon his happy conversion from Popery to the 
Protestant Religion. By T. Burnet, D.D. 

Half sheet, 4to 1688 

An account of the arguments which moved the author to turn 

papist ; with his confutation of the same, appended to William 

Chillingworth's Religion of Protestants, abridged (by John 

Patrick). 4to Lond. 1688 

See No. 441 supra. 

Motives and Reasons for dissevering from the Church of Rome 
and her Doctrine, by C. [hristopher] Musgrave after he had 
lived a Carthusian Monk for 20 years, wherein after the 
declaration of his conversion he openeth diverse absurdities 
practised in that Church, being not matters of Report, but 
such Things whereof he was an Eye and Ear Witness. 

4to Lond. 1688 

In the second volume of Fronde's History of England from the Fall 

of Wolsey to the Death of Elizabeth, there is a truthful description by 

"an Eye and Ear Witness" of the religious life of the monks of the 

London Charterliou««e at the time of the Reformation. 

An historical relation of several great and learned Romanists who 
have embraced the protestant religion &c. See No. 218 if^a. 

Motives of Conversion to the Catholick faith, as it is professed in 

the Reformed Church of England. By Neal Carolan, formerly 

Parish Priest of Slane and Stacallan, &c. in Meath. 4to 1688 

See an account of Neal Carolan or O'Carolan in Ware's Writers of 

Ireland by Harris, p. 204. J. H. T. 

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The declaration of Francis Briber Gent, which he publickly made 
before the Lord Bishop of Waterford, in the Cathedral 
Church of Waterford^ in the kingdom of Ireland^ June 17th^ 
1688, containing the reasons for his renouncing the Roman 
Catholic and embracing the Protestant religion; together 
with what the Lord Bishop of Waterford returned upon that 
occasion. Half sheets 4to Loud. 1688 

Exomologesis ; or^ a faithful Narrative of the Occasion and 
Motives of his Conversion unto Catholic Unity. By Hugh 
Paulin de Cressy. 18mo Paris 1647-1658 

Cressy was a native of Yorkshire, but became Dean of Leighlin in 
Ireland. See Cotton s Fasti Eccl. Hibm. (Prov. of Dubl.) pp. 77, 174, 
390. He afterwards joined the Benedictines in the English College 
of Douay, and took the name of Serenus (in religion). See Ware's 
Writers of Ireland by Harris, p. 356. J. H. T. 

'' This Exomologesis was the golden calf which the English papists 
fell down and worshipped. They brag'd that book to be unanswera- 
ble, and to have given a total overthrow to the Chillingworthians, and 
book and tenets of Lucius Lord Falkland." — Wood's AthensB, ed. 
Biiss. vol. iii. col. 1014. The book and tenets of Lord Falkland will 
be found in the first volume of Dr. Hammond's works, fol. 1674. 
Compare Des Maiseaux's Life of Chillingworth. 

The noble historian of the Revolution, in his Animadversions upon 
a book, entitled Fanaticism fanatically imputed to the Catholick 
Church by Dr. Stillingfleet, and the imputation refuted, by S.[erenus] 
C[ressy), 8vo Lend. 1674, answers the arguments which are there 
adduced from the Catholic Unity of the Church, and charges the au- 
thor with very different motives from those assigned in the Exomolo- 
gesis for his conversion. In his dedication to Dr. Stillingfleet he speaks 
of Cressy as "a person whom he had long known and familiarly con- 
versed with before he was perverted in his Religion, and had often 
seen since;" and (in p. 86) he asserts that ^^he never thought of 

entering the Religion he now professes till the same rebellious 

power that drove the King out of the kingdom, drove him likewise 
from the good preferments which he enjoyed in the Church, and then 
the necessity and distraction of his fortune, together with the melan- 

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cbolick and irresolution in his nature, prevailed with him to bid farewel 
to his own reason and understanding, and to resign himiself to the con- 
duct of those who had a much worse than his." His life may be 
seen in the third yolume of Dodd. Cf. Dr. Oliver's Biography, p. 43. 

Memoirs of Mr. James Wadsworth, a Jesuit that recanted^ disco- 
vering a dreadful prospect of impiety in the blasphemous 
doctrines or Gospel of the Jesuits, with their Atheistical 
Lives and conversations. 4to 1679 

C* %* The Copies of Certain Letters which have passed between Spain 
and England in matter of Religion^ concerning the general 
motives to Roman Obedience^ between Mr. James Waddes- 
worth, a late Pensioner of the holy Inquisition in Sevill, and 
W. Bedell^ a Minister of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in 
SuflFolk. Appended to The Life of William Bedell, D.D., 
Lord Bishop of Killmore in Ireland, Written by Gilbert 
Burnet, D.D. Loud. 1685-92 

Besides the English Spanish Pilgrime (see p. 63 supra) Wadsworth 
was the author of other works, e.g. a translation of Sandoval's Life of 
Charles the Fifth, a documentary work of authority much relied on 
by Robertson. 

Farewell to Popery, in a letter to Dr. Nicholas, by W. H., shewing 
the true motives that withdrew him to the Romish Religion, 
and the reason of his return to the Church of England. 

4to 1679 

The Proselyte of Rome called back to the communion of the 
Church of England, in a private letter thought very fit and 
seasonable to be made public. 4to 1679 

Conversion and persecution of Eva Cohan, now called Elizabeth 
Verboon, a person of quality of the Jewish Religion. 

4to 1680 

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A Relation of the Fearful Estate of Francis Spira after he turned C*%* 
Apostate from the Protestant Church to Popery. To which 
are now added sundry the like dreadful examples of God^s 
Judgments, on persons of all degrees, that have for fear of 
worldly interest forsaken the true Religion which once they 
professed. Together with that incomparable Lamentation of 
the Great Origen, for his Fall, when he was again received 
into the Church. By Nath. Bacon^ Esq. 
pp. 81, preface and to the reader pp. 16, 18mo Lond. 1683 

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Of the discourses written hy the country Parson and 
the Romish Missionary, 

136. The Country Parson^a admonition to his Parishioners. Ma- 
lachi ii. 7: "The Priest's lips/' &c. Heb. xiii. 17: "Obey 
them that have rule/' &c. 

Single sheets pp. 14^ 8vo Lond. 1686 

Cat. No. 112. Contin. p. 29. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1026. Wil- 
Ham Assheton, D.D., Prebendary of York Cathedral and Rector of 
Beckenham in Kent, the son of the Rev. William Assheton, Rector of 
Middleton, Lancashire, was bom in the year 1641, died in 1711. He 
was the first projector of a scheme for providing a maintenance for 
clergymen's widows and others. See Raines's History of Lancashire, 
vol. ii. p. 606-10. 

[I have given the title above as I find it in my copy. But Peck 
(who had also a copy of the book) seems to describe a different 
edition. He gives the title thus : — 

^^ The country parson's admonition to his parishioners, with direc- 
tions how to behave themseives when any one designs to seduce them 
from the Church of England. By William Ashton, D.D., Rector 
of in Surrey." 12mo Lond. 1686. 

And this is also the title given by Gee and Wake. Ant. Wood 
(loc. cit.) gives a title differing from both, in these words : — 

'^The Country Parson's admonition to his Parishioners, in two 
parts, persuading them to continue in the Protestant religion, with 
directions how to behave themselves when any one comes to seduce 
them." 24mo Lond. 1689. 

In the Library of Trin. Coll. Dublin, there is no printed copy of 
this book, but there is a MS. copy in the hand-writing of Dr. Claud. 
Gilbert, transcribed from a printed book, and evidently most accu- 
rately copied by him, for the purpose of completing his set of this 
class of works. In this MS. the title is given thus : — 

'' The Country Parson's Admonition to his Parishioners, persuading 

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them to continue in the Protestant religion, with directions how to 
hehaye themselves when any one designs to seduce them from the 
Church of England. By Dr. Asheton, Minister of Beckenham in 
Kent. Lond. Printed for R. Wilde." 

On the whole it seems prohable that there were several editions 
of this tract, which varied in the title page, but otherwise agreed in 

It was necessary to give this explanation, lest it should be inferred 
from the foregoing great discrepancies that there had been published 
different books, agreeing nearly in the title. The " two parts," men- 
tioned in Wood's title, evidently include the next tract (No. 137) as 
part ii. J. H. T.] 

137. The plain man^s reply to the catholic Missionaries, pp. 38^ 
and ''Books by the same author, pp. 2-12.^' 

12mo Lond. 1688 
" It is agreed by Catholicks that the church is an infallible witness 
and guide. And Protestants profess, that if this could be made 
evidently appear they would hold out in no controversy at all. This, 
therefore is to be made evident unto Protestants. This is the task of 
Catholicks, especially of Catholic Missionaries." — Cressy's Append, 
to Exomol. Cap. 4, ff. 6. 

See Cat. No. 113 (State; p. 34.) Contin. p. 29. A copy of this 
book, London 1686, 12mo, is in the Library of Trin. Coll. Dublin. 
J. H. T. 

138. The plain man's answer to his country parson's admonition ; 
together with the missionaries answer to the plain man's 
reply. (Anon.) Lond. 1686 

See Contin. p. 30. A copy of this tract in MS., in the hand- 
writing of Dr. Claud. Gilbert, is in the Library of Trin. Coll. Dublin. 
J. H. T. 

139. A Defence of the plain man's reply to the Catholick Mission- 
aries. Being a further examination of the pretended Infalli- 
bility of the Church of Borne. Imprimatur^ Guil. Needham, 

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ScCp March 29, 1688. By the Author of the Plaiu-man's 
reply to the Catholick Missionaries [William Ashton, D.D.] 
pp. 44. Title and Argt. pp. 4. 12mo Lond. 1688 
See Cat. No. 114. CoDtin. p. 30. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. Col. 1026. 
A copy of this, in MS. in the hand- writing of Dr. Claud. Gilbert, from 
the edit. Lond. 1687, reprinted 1704, is in the Library of Trin. Coll. 
Dublin, J. H. T. 

140. A defence of the Country Parson's admonition; agidnst the 
exceptions of the plain man's answer. (Anon. By William 
Ashton, D.D.) pp. 22, Lond. 1688 

See Cat No. 115. Contin. p. 80. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1026. 

This tract ought to have been placed before No. 139, as it was 
published before it. See '^The Argument" prefixed to No. 139, in 
which an account is given of the occasion of the controyersy. A copy 
of this book, in MS. in the hand- writing of Dr. Claud. Gilbert, from the 
ed. of London 1687, is in the Library of Trin. Coll. Dublin. 

It would seem that these tracts were highly valued, and that they 
must have become very scarce at the beginning of the last century, 
since Dr. Gilbert took the trouble of transcribing them in his own 
hand, in order to complete his set. Dr. Claud. Gilbert was elected 
a Fellow of Trinity College in 1693, Senior Fellow 1698, Vice 
Provost 1716, Regius Professor of Divinity 1722, In 1735 he 
accepted the living of Ardstraw, and at the same time gave to the 
College Library his splendid collection of books, consisting of upwards 
of 13,000 volumes; which he saw arranged and placed on the shelves 
of the library as they now stand before he retired to his living. His 
bast in marble is preserved in the library, and there is a picture of 
him in the provost's house. J. H. T. 

141. The child^s monitor against popery. Written at first for the 
private use of a child^ who hath Popish parents^ and now 
made publick for the benefit of others. 24mo Lond. 

See Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1026. Peck and Wood give only as 
the title of this book, '' The child's monitor against popery." Wood 
adds, but not as part of the title, " written to preserve the child of a 
person of quality from being seduced hy his popish parents." I do 

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not know who were the popish parents of this child of a person of 
quality ; nor have I ever seen a copy of this tract. I haye taken the 
title as given ahove firom the list of hooks at the end of No. 137. 
J. H. T. 

These tracts were all reprinted in 1751, Lend. 4to., with the 
following adyertisement : — 

"It may he necessary to ohserye that, since the time of their C*9m 
original editions mentioned in ,their respectiye title pages, each of 
these pieces (the Child's Monitor only excepted) was reprinted in the 
year 1706. Which edition, like the former, is now very difficult ta 
he met with. No apology, therefore, need he offered for introducing 
these papers into a new acquaintance with the world, as this will he 
a means the hetter to promote their dispersion into the hands of un- 
learned readers, for whose benefit they were principally designed. 
But a particular reason for their present appearance from the press is, 
to recover them from an obscurity, in which they have lain so long 
as to become, in a manner, lost to the world ; in order to assist such 
persons who are collecting these tracts, which have done such honour 
to the Protestant cause, to make their sets as complete as possible. 
The four first of them are exactly reprinted according to their original 
editions, but a printed copy of the Child's Monitor, being too scarce to 
be obtained, this impression is taken from a transcript of it, communi- 
cated by a worthy clergyman." 

In the Hist, and Crit Diet. fol. 1735, there is an analysis of these 
tracts, art. Assheton. 

143. A caution to protestants not to forsake the Communion of C*l/« 
the Church of England. 12mo 1687 

143. The plausible arguments of a Romish priest answered by an C*l^« 
English Protestant. Seasonable and useful for all Protestant 
families. Licensed, May 24, 1686. (Anon. By Thomas 
Comber, D.D., Prsecentor of York.) pp. 54, with title and 
pref. &c., pp. 8. List of Books at the end, pp. 2. 

8vo Lond. 1686 
See Cat. No. 187. Reprinted 172.5, 8vo, pp. 47. "The plausible 

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arguments of a Roman priest from antiquity, answered by the AatLor 
of the answer to the plausible arguments from Scripture." Of the 
author of the ^^ Companion to the Temple," and of his writings, 
' Memoirs were published by his great grandson Thomas Comber, A.B.y 
8vo Lend. 1799. 

A protestant's resolution shewing his reasons why he will not be 
a papist^ directed to the meanest capacity. Sixth edition. 

12mo Lond. 1684 

Friendly and seasonable Advice to the Roman Catholics of Eng- 
land. By Tho. Comber, D.D. Fourth edition. 

12mo Lond. 1685 

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Of the popish discourses written by way of advice to the 
Protestant pulpits ; with the churchmen^ s replies. 

144. ^ Good advice to the pulpits, delivered in a few cautions for f^^%^ 
keeping up the reputation of those chairs, and preserving the 
nation in peace. Published with allowance. 

pp. 70. Title and to the Header pp. 6. 4to Lond. 1687 
Contin. p. IG. Dodd, in his Church History, vol. iii. p. 483, ascribes 
this tract to John Gother; and Wake (Contin. loc. cit.) attributes it 
to the author of the " Papist misrepresented and Represented," No. 
51^ supra; from which the BodL Cat. places it under J. Leyboum. 
J. H. T. 

" In which he rakes together out of the Sermons publish'd in the 
last years of the late King's Reign, whatever he thought would serve 
to make them odious. The Design was well enough laid ; and the 
Circumstances of the Times consider'd, it were not to be wonderd if 
some things should have pass'd more hot against those of the Church 
of Home, than was to have been wish'd," &c. Contin. pp. 16, 17. 
The Preachers cited are B. Smith, Dr. Burnet, Jane, Dr. Sharp, Dr. 
Tillotson, Dr. Stillingfleet, Felling, Hesketh, Okes, Th. Smith, John- 
son, Standish, Turner, Wray, James, Bisby, Tennison, Orme, Hicker- 
ingil, Fowler, Hooper, Wallis, Calamy, Butler, South, Sherlock. 

145. An apology for the pulpits; being in answer to a late book, C*W^ 
intituled. Good advice to the Pulpits, together with an ap- 
pendix, containing a defence of Dr. Tenison's Sermon about 
Alms : in a letter to the author of this Apology. Imprimatur 

&c. H. Maurice, January 12, 1687. Anon. By John 
Williams, A.M., afterwards Bp. of Chichester. 

pp. 58. Defence, &c., pp. 25. 4to Lond. 1688 
See Cat. No. 121. Contin. pp. 11 and 17. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. 

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col. 1121. After p. 58 follows the Defence of Dr. Tenisons Sermon, 
with a new pagination and the following title : '' A defence of Dr. 
Tenison s Sermon of discretion in giving alms, written in a letter to 
the author of the Apology for the Pulpits." The letter is signed 
"Tho. Tenison," and dated «S. M." (i.e. St Martin's) "Jan. 11, '87." 
J.H. T. 

C# I* 146. ^ Pulpit sayings, or the characters of the Pulpit-Papists ex- 
amined. In answer to the apology for the pulpits, and in 
vindication of the Representor against the Stater of the Con- 
troversie. With allowance, pp. 58, pp. to the Reader 14, 
and contents at the end 2. 4to Lond. 1688 

See Con tin. p. 17, where this hook is attributed to the Representer, 
i.e. according to Dodd (ubi supra) John Goter or Gother; and 
according to the Bodl. Cat. John Leybourn. See No. 51 supra, 
"The Stater," mentioned in the title-page, is evidently Dr. Clagett, 
author of the " State of the Controversy," see No. 71 supra. J. H. T. 

C«IL« 147. Pulpit popery^ true popery ; being an answer to a book inti- 
tuled Pulpit sayings : and in vindication of the Apology for 
the Pulpits, and the Stater of the controversie against the 
Representer. Anon. [By John Williams, M.A., afterwards 
Bp. of Chichester.] 

pp. 72, Title and contents pp. 6, 4to Lond. 1688 
Cat. 122. Contin. p. 17. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii, col. 1121. 

Sermon preached at S. Margaret's Westminster, May 29th, 
1()85, before the Honourable House of Commons, by William 
Sherlock, D.D. 4to 1685 

N.B. This Sermon to the House of Commons was the occasion of 
our following controversies, as being the first thing that appeared in 
Print against Roman Catholics. See Reply fco the Defence of the 
Exposition of the doctrine of the Church of England, Preface. Cf. No. 
51 note. It is mentioned in Good Advice to the Pulpits, p. 64, 

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A Vindication of a passage in Dr. Sherlock's sermon [as above] 
from the remarks of a late pretended remonstrance^ by way 
of address from the Church of England to both Houses of 
Parliament. 4to 1685 

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Of the Romanists charge of schism and heresy upon the 
Church of England; with the churchmen! s replies. 

148. A vindication of the Church of England from the foul asper- 
sions of Schism and Heresie unjustly cast upon her by the 
Church of Borne. Anon. By Michael Altham, M.A. 
[Gibson, vol. i. fol. 1.] Part i. pp. 30. 4to Loud. 1687. Part 
ii. pp. 40. 4to Loud. 1687 

See Cat No. 134. Contin. p. 35. Fasti Oxon. vol. ii. col. 220. 
The Imprimatur of Part i. is dated November 30, 1686 ; that of Part 
ii. March 2, 1686, i.e. 168^. Michael Altham was vicar of Latton in 
Essex. J. H. T. 

149. "^ An address to the Ministers of the Church of England. 

pp. 31, 4to 1688 
This seems to be the same tract which is given by Peck again, 
No. 248. 

150. An Answer to a late printed Paper^ given about by some of 
the Church of Borne. In a letter to a Gentleman. The 
second edition. Rev. ii. 5. Remember from whence thou art 
fain, &c. [Anon. By John Williams, M.A.] 

pp. 18, 4to Lond. 1686 
See Cat. No. 135. Contin. p. 35. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1121. 

" The Popish Paper," to which this book is an answer, is given on the 

back of the title pa^e. J. H. T. 

" The same word for word with No. 5. I have compared them." 

Dolman. Another edition, 1688, 12mo pp. 24. 

151 . ^ Lucilla and Elizabeth, or the Donatist and Protestant 
Schism paralleled. 4to 1686 

See Contin. p. 36. My copy of this tract has no title, and I think 

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never had : it consists of 4 pp. only in 4to, and at the end of the last 
page we have '* Puhlished with allowance, London, printed hy Henry 
Hills, printer to the King's most Excellent Majesty, for his Household 
and Chappel. 1686. J. H. T. 

162. A Protestant of the Church of England no Donatist. Or C*%* 
some short Notes on Lucilla and Elizabeth. Licensed De- 
cember 8, 1686. Anon. By William Sherlock, D.D. 

pp. 6, 4to Lond. 1686 
See Cat. No. 136. Contin. p. 35. 

153. An apologetical yindication of the Church of England: in 0«Sf* 
answer to those who reproach her with the English heresies 
and schisms, or suspect her not to be a Catholick Church 
upon their account. (Anon. By George Hickes, D.D.) 
[Gibson, vol. ii. fol. vol. i.] pp. 96, with the title and introd., 
pp. 4. * 4to Lond. 1687 

See Cat. No. 45. Contin. p. 35. Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 1004. 
A second edition of this valuahle hook was puhlished in 1706, with 
the following title : ^* An apologetical vindication of the Church of 
England: in answer to her adversaries who reproach her with the 
English heresies and schisms. With an Appendix of Papers relating 
to the Schisms of the Church of Rome. By George Hickes, D.D. 
The second edition, revised hy the Author. London (Walter Ket- 
tilhy), 1706." 8vo. Besides the appendix this edition has a large 
and learned Preface. In the interval between the two editions the 
author, who had been Dean of Worcester, was deprived of his church 
preferments, for refusing to take the oaths to King William and 
Queen Mary. In the second edition he admits the genuineness of the 
papers attributed to King Charles II. (see No. xii.) which in the first 
edition he had quoted without expressing any opinion as to their 
author, — King James II. (as he states) having in the mean time 
shewn him the originals ^' interlined with the King's (Charles's) own 
hand." J. H. T. 

A Nonjuring divine of uncommon abilities and universal learning, 
bom at Newsham, Yorkshire, 1642, deprived on refusing to take the 

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oatbs 1689, consecrated Bishop of Thetford by the Nonjarore 1694, 
died 1715. 

€^*IL« 154. ^ The Schism of the Church of England^ &c.^ demonstrated 
in four Arguments formerly proposed to Dr. Gunning and Dr. 
Pearson, the late bishops of Ely and Chester, by two Catholic 
Disputants in a celebrated conference upon that point. 

pp. 10, 4to Oxon. 1688 
See Contin. p. 37, where we read, " This little paper with a large 
title was the other day reprinted at Oxford by the conyerts there." 
And Peck says, " Reprinted at Oxford." It originally appeared in the 
falsified account of the conference between Drs. Gunning and Pear- 
son, on the ono side, and two Romish disputants on the other, held in 
1657. This account bears the following title : — Schisme unmask't, 
&c., lU infra. J. H. T. 

C*l^, 156. The sum of a Conference had between twg Divines of the 
Church of England, and two Catholic Lay-Gentlemen, at the 
request, and for the satisfaction of three persons of quality, 
August 8, 1671. Publisht with allowance. 

pp. 40, 4to Lond. 1687 

See Contin. p. 36. Peck, doubtless by an error of the press, has 
omitted to mark this book as being on the popish side. 

In the Preface from "The Publisher to the Reader," we are told 
that "in the year 1676, there happen d a conference about points of 
Religion, between some Protestant Divines and some Roman Catholic 
Gentlemen, which, after a long silence, has been now lately set out 
the second time, in a fine Dress and with a long Preface : this (the pub- 
lisher says) gave me the curiosity to seek further into those matters, 
and meeting accidentally with the copy of another conference held in 
1671, wherein some of the same persons were concem'd, I thought 
good to present you with it" It does not appear, however, who the 
"two divines of the Church of* England," engaged in the conference 
of 1671, or who the " three persons of quality" for whose satisfaction 
it was intended, were. The other conference alluded to is thus de- 
scribed in the margin : " A relation of a Conference, Apr. 8, 1676,"* 
and IS doubtless that which Thomas Burnet, in his Life of the Biabop^ 

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published at the end of the second yolume of Bornet's Own Times 
(vol. ii. p. 685}y thus notices : *^ As the apprehensions of popery grew 
daily stronger, the most eminent divines of the Church of England 
signalized themselves in the Romish Controversy: nothing of that 
kind was more taken notice of than the Account our author printed, 
in the year 1676, of a Conference, which himself and Dr. Stillingfleet 
were engaged in with Coleman and the principal of the Romish 
priests : this made him considered as one who stood in the very front 
of the opposition to popery." 

I have not seen the original edition of this conference, but I have a 
copy of it, which I doubt not is the same which the publisher of the 
Conference of 1671 speaks of (in the words just quoted) as having 
been 'Mately set out the second time." Neither Peck nor Wake have 
noticed the Conference of 1676, published by Bishop Burnet, nor does 
it occur in the Bodl. Cat. I have a copy of the second edition of it, 
although it is not so called in the book itself, nor any hint given that 
it was published before. 

The first edition of this Conference was printed in 8vo, 1676, under 
the title : ^^ A relation of a conference held about religion at London, 
3 April, 1676, by Edward Stillingfleet D.D. and Gilbert Burnet," &c. 
See chron. account of Burnet's Works, Own Times, vol. vi. p. 336, 
(Oxford ed.), fol. vol. ii. p. 727. J. H. T. 

156. The Reformation of the Church of England justified^ accord- C*%* 
ing to the canons of the Council of Nice, and other general 
councils and the traditions of the Catholick Church. Being 
an answer to a paper reprinted at Oxford, called the Schisme 
of the Church of England demonstrated in four arguments, 
formerly proposed to Dr. Gunning and Dr. Pearson, the late 
bishops of Ely and Chester, by two Catholic disputants, in a 
celebrated Conference upon that point. In which answer the 
unworthy and false dealings of the Papists are shewed, and 
the charge of schisme returned upon them, and the Church of 
England proved truly Catholick and Apostolick in her doc- 
trine and constitution. Anon. By William Saywell D.D., 

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Master of Jesus College^ Cambridge (afterwards Arclideacoii 
of Ely). pp. 83, with title and pref. pp. 6, 4to Camb. 1688 
Cat. No. 142. Contin. p. 37. See above No. 154. Wake (loc 
cit.) tells ns that Dr. Say well '^ was particularly related to one of the 
abased bishops." I believe Bisbop Gunning is meant, to whom Say- 
well was chaplain, (Fasti Oxon. vol. ii. col. 177,) this beug the rebidoa 
spoken of, not any consanguinity. J. H. T. 

N.B* — The No8. 148 - 160 ought to have been marked as being in the C^l* 
An answer to the address presented to the Ministers of the 
Church of England. pp. 81, 4to Lond. 1688 

The same as No. 248 infra. 

€^« %. The English case exactly set down by Hezeki&h^s reformation in a 
Court Sermon (on 2 Kings xviii. 22) at Paris. By Dr, 
Richard Steward, the Dean of Westminster, and of his Ma- 
jesty^s Chappel. Published for the brief but full vindication 
of the Church of England from the Romanists charge of 
Schism. And commended to the consideration of the late 
Author of The Grotian Religion Discovered, pp. 71, 18mo. 
Lond. 1659. pp. 30, 4to 1687-88 

The difference of the case between the Separation of Protestants 
from the Church of Rome and the Separation of Dissenters 
from the Church of England. pp. 71, 4to Lond. 1683 

•i^ Schisme unmaskH : Or A late conference betwixt Mr. Peter 
Gunning and Mr. John Pierson, Ministers, on the one part^ 
and two disputants of the Roman Profession on the other : 
wherein is defined both what schisme is, and to whom it 
belongs. With a brief Recapitulation ; wherein at one view 
may be seen the whole drift of this Conference, for such as 
want either learning to reach or leisure to read the whole 
Tract. And all is concluded with a decision of the main 

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question^ whether !l^otestaiits or those of the Roman Church 
be schismatiques. Also an Index is drawne pointing at the 
principal matters. Paris (cum privilegio), 8vo 1658 

We learn from the Preface to this production that the conference 
began a little before Whitsuntide (May) 1657. See an account of 
the book (which it appears was disavowed by one of the Romish dis- 
putants) in the preface to the answer to it (No. 156 9upra)^ and in 
the Engl, transl. of Bayle's Dictionary by Bernard, Birch and Lock- 
man: art. Pearson, John; where we are informed that one of the 
Roman disputants went under several names, as Spencer, or Tyrwhitt, 
or Hatcliffe ; and that the other was a Physician. 

But " The Schism of the Church of England demonstrated" (No. 
154) is not a reprint of this account of the Conference (as the trans- 
lators of Bayle assert, note (a) Ioc. cit.) but only a Paper added at the 
end of it, and which (as Dr. Saywell remarks in the Preface to his 
answer, see No. 156 supra) ^^ the authors do not so much as say that 
it was a part of their dispute, but a pure addition of their own," &c. 
See also Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 766, where we read, " Upon the title 
of this book bishop Barlow wrote : — "I am told that John White 
(author of a Letter to a person of Honour, in vindication of himself 
and his doctrine, printed 1659, Oct.) was he who did principally ma- 
nage and put out this disputation." To which he afterwards added 
this note : '^ Others say his name was Spencer (the same who answered 
Dr. Laud's book), and Dr. Lenthal was his associate, who was first 
of Christ's Coll. [in Cambridge, then Fellow of Pembroke Hall, a 
preacher and in orders ; afterwards turning papist, would have pro- 
fessed the civil law, and a physician now he is in 1663. This Dr. 
Breton, master of Emanuel Coll. (who was at the debate), assures mo. 
A Jesuit, who went by the name of Spenser, a Lincolnshire man, is 
said to be the author of Questions propounded for resolution of un- 
learned pretenders in Matters of Religion, to the doctors of the prelati- 
cal, pretended reform'd Church of England. Paris (alias Lend, as it 
seems) 1657, 8vo, 4 sh." In a note in Bliss's ed. of the Ath. Oxon. 
(Ioc. cit.), on the authority of Baker, who refers to Baxter, Of the 
True Church, vol. iii. p. 1, we are told that '^ one of the disputants of 
the Romish persuasion was Wm. Johnson, alias Terret." This was 

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one of the aliases of the person above spoken of as Wliite, Spencer, 
Tyrwhitt (Terret ?), or Hatdiffe. J. H. T. 

"Spencer John — (the account of this great polemical writer is 
anything but circumstantial in p. 52 Florus Anglo Bavaricus) — some- 
times called Vincent Hatclife, was bom in Lincolnshire in 1601 ... . 
Died 1671. F. Spencer ranks amongst the ablest polemical wiitera 

F. N. Southwell p. 504 of the Bibliotheca, &c., sajs that 

he was the Author of an 8vo work published in London, intitled, 
'Aut Deus aut Nihil,' also 'Schism detected;' see Florus Anglo 
Bavaricus." From Dr. Olivers Biography, who mentions two other 
works he has seen written by Spencer. This publication, "Schism 
Unmaskt," is ascribed by Dolman to John Sergeant 

A relation of a conference held about religion, at London, by- 
Edward Stillingfleet, D.D. &c., with some gentlemen of the 
Church of Rome. 

pp. 64, and preface with title pp. 8, 4to Lond. 1687 

The preface states that this conference was undertaken at the 
request of Lady T. for the satisfaction "of her husband and some 
others of the Church of Rome, as well as for clearing such scruples as 
tlie perpetual converse with those of that religion had raised in the 
Lady." This conference took place April 3, 1676. The divines on 
the side of the Church of England are mentioned in the conference as 
D. S. and D. B. i.e. Dr. Stillingfleet and Dr. Burnet. The divines on 
the other side were M. C. (i.e. Mr. Coleman, a Jesuit, secretary to 
the Duchess of York), and a person called N. N., who did not take 
any part in the discussion until towards the end. This is no doubt 
the personage whom Thomas Burnet calls "the principal of the 
Romish Priests," and I think he roust have been either John Gother 
or John Leybum. The letters N. N. are the last letters of the 
Christian and Surname of John Leybum. The other parlies whose 
initials appear in the narrative are M. L. T. and her husband, S. P. or 
S. P. T. i.e. My Lady Tyrwhit or Terwhit and Sir Philip Terwhit 
M. W. appears to have taken an active part on the Romish side, but 
I do not know who is designated by these letters; possibly Mr. 
Woodhead; see No. 189 infra. 

The Relation of the Conference was drawn up by Burnet, and is 

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sabscribed (with their names in full) by Gilbert Burnet, Edward 
Stillingfleet, and Will. Nailor, a gentleman whom they brought with 
them to be a witness on their side. [See Burnet's account of this 
conference, Own Times, vol. i. p. 395. "Sir Philip Terwhit (he 
says) had married a a^alous Protestant, who, suspecting his religion, 
charged him with it. But he denied it before marriage, and carried 
it so far that he received the sacrament with her in her own church. 
After they were married, she found that he had deceived her; and 
they lived untowardly together. At this time some scruples were put 
in her head," &c.] Then follows (p. 11) " The relation which N. N. 
desired might be subjoined to the Relation of the Conference," with 
the answer. Then (p. 16) "The Letter which we promised, wherein 
an account is given of the doctrine of the church for the first eight 
centuries demonstrated to be contrary to Transubstantiation in a letter 
to Lady T." signed by Stillingfleet and Burnet. Also (p. 29) " A 
discourse shewing how unreasonable it is to ask for express words of 
Scripture in proving all articles of faith," by Burnet : and lastly (p. 
44) " A discourse to shew that it was not only possible to change the 
belief of the church concerning the manner of Christ's presence in the 
sacrament; but that it is very reasonable to conclude both that it 
might be done, and that it was truly changed." 

With respect to the Conference of 1671 (No. 155) it is evidently a 
report drawn up on the side of the Roman Church. The publisher 
tells us that " some of the same persons" were engaged in it, as were 
afterwards in a similar way "engaged" in the conference of 1676. 
This is sufficiently vague. But it is all the information I possess as to 
the dramatis personse of the conference in 1671, the subject of which 
was schism. The dialogue seems to imply that two doctors on the 
side of England were engaged against one on the side of Rome : they 
are designated as Dr. 1, Dr 2, and Cath., and the Protestant doctors are 
sometimes made to speak together, when their words are given as 
coming from Drs. There* was also a " Company^ present who are 
more than once addressed by "Cath." (p. 10, 16) and who on some 
occasions took a part in the discussion, where they are cidled Gentle- 
men (p. 9), Gentlem. and Gent. (pp. 36, 37, 39), and who always 
spoke together and on the Popish side. There is also a mysterious 
personage who made two pretty long speeches, and who is called 

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Narr. (p. 15) and Nar. (p. 28), both on the Romish side. Or perhaps 
this does not mean any individual present, but rather a Narrative of 
something which did not take place at the conference. J. H. T. 

^ Twenty-one conclusions further demonstrating the schism of 
the Church of England, formerly oflfered in confutation of 
Dr. Hammond and Bp. Bramhall. Oxon. 1688 

The publications here referred to are Schism Dispatched; or a 
Rejoinder to Dr. Hammond and the Lord of Derry, 1657, 8vo; 
Schism Disarmed, against Dr. Hammond and the Bp. of Derry, by 
J. W. [i.e. J. Sergeant]. Paris 1665, 8vo. 

C* %* The True Catholic and Apostolic Faith maintained in the Church 
of England. Being a Reply to several Books published under 
the names of J. E., N. N., and J. S., &c. By Andrew Sail, 
D.D. 8vo Oxford 1676 

This very interesting volume, written in reply to Nicholas French's 
^' Bleeding Iphigenia," and his " Dolefull Fall of Andrew Sail," also to 
the " Unerring Unerrable Church," commences with a Dedication to 
the Earl of Essex, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland ; followed by a Letter 
from J. Free, the Superior of the Jesuits in Ireland, with Sail's Reply ; 
the Licence granted to Sail, when Rector of the Irish College at Salar 
manca, to keep and read Prohibited Books, by the Bishop of Valencia 
in 1652 ; then a Letter of Nicholas French, Bp. of Ferns, and his 
Elogium upon Sail. In " The Literary Policy of the Church of Rome 
exhibited in an account of her Damnatory Catalogues of Indexes, both 
prohibitory and expurgatory," by the Rev. Joseph Mendham, M.A., 
Lond. 1830, will be found a Papal revocation of the licence of reading 
heretical works, on the ground of the apprehended conversion of those 
who were to confute the heretics. "Ferraris, Prompta Bibl. under 
Fides, will show with what alarm RoHne beheld the discussions of her 
sons with heretics, and how carefully the Propaganda provided against 
mischief." Addit. Suppl., p. 16, ibid. With what chains the human 
intellect has been shackled in Papal countries is evinced by the pre- 
cautions of revision, correction and expurgation, which have been used 
in the most orthodox books, as will be seen in the licenses prefixed to 

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the second and later editions of the Historia Pontifical by Yllescas. 
See Soathey's Vindici» Ecclesiffi Anglicanae, p. 392. Concerning this 
book, which is the most rare of all Sail's publications^ see also No. 
218 infra. 

^* The Bleeding Iphigenia" of Dr. French has long been known as 
a book of uncommon rarity, and has been eagerly sought after by 
book collectors. Whenever it or the * Sale and Settlement of Ireland' 
have appeared at an auction room, crowds of bidders have attended, 
and the contents of this little yolume, in the reader's hands, have sold 
for no less a sum than £40." Advertisement to the Bleeding Iphi- 
genia in the '^ Historical Works of the Right Rev. Nicholas French, C«Sf. 
D.D., Bishop of Ferns, &c. &c. Now for the first time collected." 
James Duffy, Dublin, 18mo 1846. 

^'As for the Bleeding Iphigenia there came three copies to this 
towne, sent by Bp. French. The people are so taken with it as, in 
my opinion, if 20,000 volumes of it had come over, they would all 
have been bought up." From a letter from a friar in Connanght, in 
Dr. O'Connor 8 Catalogue of MSS. in Stowe Library, vol. i. p. 264. An 
account of this author is given in Ware's Irish Writers, by Harris, p. 
166 et seq. [The Bleeding Iphigenia is really the suppressed Preface 
to the Doleful Fall of Andrew Sail, as appears by comparing the 
printer's signatures in the original editions. The Bleeding Iphigenia 
was reprinted Dublin 1829, in Fac Simile so far as the lines go and 
pages, but not as to type. This edition has a preface signed 0. [Rev. 
Ceesar Otway] giving an account of the Author, etc. A copy of this 
reprint on vellum is in the Library of Trin. Coll. Dublin. We have 
also the orig. edit, without a title page. 

The person who wrote against Sail under the initials J. S. was 
Ignatius Brown (Ware's Writers of Ireland, by Harris, pp. 186-7.) 
N. N. was Nicholas French, tit. bishop of Ferns. I do not know 
who J. E. was, but his book is in the Library of Trin. Coll. Dublin. 
J. H T.] 

We have, says Dr. Oliver, from the sprightly pen of Ignatius 
Brown, " The Unerring and Unerrable Church," 8vo. 1675, pp. 310. 
"An Unerrable Church or None," 8vo. 1678, pp. 342. 

The command of God to his People to come out of Babylon, Rev. 
i:viii. 4, demonstrated to mean the coming out of the present 


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Papal Bome^ with a most earnest Persuasive to all to come 
out who are in it^ and a Dissuasive ftom looking back if come 
out^ or entertaining any alliance with that Communion^ and 
herewith a Calculation of the time that the Papacy can ac- 
cording to this Prophecy continue^ is given^ etc. 1688 

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Of the Romanists charge of an Agreement between the church 
of England and the church of Rome ; with the church- 
men's replies. 

157. * An agreement between the Church of England and Church C»lf. 
of BomCj evinced from the concertation of some of her sons 
with their brethren of the Dissenters. Published with allow- 
ance, pp. 88, and pref. and title pp. 8, 4to Lond. 1687 

See Contin. p. 18, where this tract is attributed to the Representer, 
but it is not mentioned among his works by Dodd. See No. 51 supra. 
In p. 61 there is a paper, which the preface tells us was drawn up by 
another hand, entitled, ^^ The Necessity of an Agreement between the 
Church of England and the Church of Rome, evinced from the nature 
and constitution of a National Church episcopally established." J. H.T. 

^' I must observe, by the way, that though the Prefacer does ascribe 
this learned Piece to another Author, yet he has concealed the true 
Father : His other Author was a good Roman Catholick, who disputes 
in good earnest from the Subordination of Pastors in the Church to 
prove the Supremacy of an Oecumenic or Universal Pastor ; but the 
true Author was an Independent Protestant, from whom this honest 
Romanist borrows every argument, and almost every word, excepting 
such little variations as a Papist must of necessity make in an Inde- 
pendent's writing, without ever confessing his Benefactor, or owning 
from whence he had it. The title of the Book is. The Catholick 
Hierarchie, or the Divine Right of a Sacred Dominion in Church and 
Conscience, truly Stated, Asserted, and Pleaded. Printed for Sam. 
Crouch at the Princes Arms in Pope's Head-Alley in Comhil, & Tho. 
Fox at the Angel in Westminster- hall, 1681. In the XIV. Chap, of 
which Book, p. 76, being a Digression concerning the Subordination 
of Pastors ; whoever has the curiosity may find this entire Treatise of 
the Necessity of Agreement between the Church of England and the 
Church of Rome, onely with this difference, that the Independent 
disputes against the Subordination of Pastors by this very Argument, 

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That tbe Asserting the Subordination of Pastors in the Chorch, doth 
hy all good consequence infer the Supremacy of an Oecumenical or 
Universal Pastor." Sherlock's Vindication, &c., p. 63. 

158. A Tindication of some Protestant principles of church unity 
and Catholick communion^ from the charge of Agreement 
with the Church of Rome. In answer to a late pamphlet 
intituled^ An Agreement between the Church of England and 
the Church of Rome, evinced from the conoertation of some 
of her sons with their brethren the Dissenters. By William 
Sherlock^ D.D., Master of the Temple, pp. 128, title and 
advert, pp. 6, Bogerson^s List of Books pp. 2, 4to. Lond. 1688 
See Cat No. 123. Contin. p. 18. At the end of the advertise- 
ment *' To tbe Reader," the author states that he had intended a pre- 
face to explain some notions about the Church, but has reserved it for 
a distinct treatise. See No. 196 injra, J. H. T. 

C*%«159. The difference between the Church of England and the 
Church of Bome^ in opposition to a late Book intituled An 
Agreement between the Church of England and the Church 
of Rome. Imprimatur H. Maurice, Oct. 6, 1687. Anon. 
By John Williams, M.A. (afterwards Bp. of Chichester). 

pp. 81 ind. title, 4to Lond. 1687 

See Catal. No. 124. Contin. p. 18. Ath. Oxon. vol. iL col. 1121. 
This ought to have been placed before Sherlock's book, as it was 
published first. The Imprimatur of Sherlock's having been Nov. 16, 
1687. Peck followed the order in which they were given by Gee. 
J. H. T. 

The doctrinal Theses and Anti-Theses of the two Churches have 
more recently been stated in Bishop Marsh's Comparative View of the 
Churches of England and Rome. Second edition, with some Expla- 
natory Notes on Church Authority, the character of Schism, and the 
Rock, on which our Saviour declared that he would build his Church. 
8vo Lond. 1816. 

Digitized by 



Papists no Catholicks and Popery no Christianity. Anon. ByC*IL* 
W. Lloyd, Bp. of St. Asaph, pp. 12, to the reader, &c., pp. 
2. Printed for the Author. 4to Lond. 1677 

A second Ed. much enlarged, pp. 56^ was printed 4to Lond. (for 
Henry Browne at the Gun in St Pauls Ch. yard), 1679. J. H. T. 

A Short and True Account of the several advances the Church of €t#i» 
England hath made towards Borne, or a Model of the 
Grounds upon which the Papists for these hundred years 
have built their hopes and expectations, that England would 
ere long return to Popery. [By Dr. Du-Moulin, some time 
History Professor of Oxford.] Veritas Odium parit. 

pp. 118, 4to Lond. 1680