(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "A history of Bewdley: with concise accounts of some neighbouring parishes"

Google 



This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 



^mmmmmKmmmm^ 




History of BewdleY: 



WITH CONCISE ACCOUNTS OF SOME 



NEIGHBOURING PARISHES. 



)^ 



0^1 




By JOHN R. BURTON, B.A., F.G.S., 

Rector of Dowles. 



LONDON : 

PUBLISHED FOR THE AUTHOR BY WILLIAM REEVES, 

185, FLEET STREET, E.G. 



1883. 



n 










'. •-•* 1,.'' 



TO 

MilUam flicbole nDarc^, fequire, 

LORD OF THE MANOR OF BEWDLEY, 

THIS ATTEMPT TO ILLUSTRATE 

THE HISTORY OF 

THE ANCIENT BOROUGH 

IS INSCRIBED. 



-^^^^^r^ 



PREFACE. 



This work has been drawn from very many sources. The 
Corporation Records were kindly placed at my disposal by 
R. Hemingway, Esq., Town Clerk. For permission to examine 
the voluminous MSS. of Dr. Prattinton in the Society of 
Antiquaries I am indebted to C. Knight Watson, Esq. The 
Hayley MSS. were lent me by the Rev. John Cawood ; and the 
Ribbesford Registers by the Rev. E. H. Winnington Ingram. 
My thanks are also due to the Rev. J. E. A. Fen wick for access 
to several rare books in the fine library collected by the late 
Sir Thos. Phillipps, Bart., at Thirlestaine House, Cheltenham. 
Help has likewise been kindly given in various ways by the 
Bishop of Worcester, the Dean of Worcester, J. O. Halliwell- 
PhiUipps, Esq., LL.D., F.R.S., Professor Willis-Bund, 
Rev. A. James, Rev. E. Bradley (" Cuthbert Bede"), Rev. 
J. P. Hastings, S. Z. Lloyd, Esq., and many others. 

The materials for this work have been accumulating for 
several years, and would make a far larger book than that now 
laid before the reader. A local history can, however, only 
expect a limited circulation ; and it was not considered 
desirable to increase the price first named. 

The account of Stourport and the villages adjoining Bewdley 
does not claim to be more than a mere outline. A New County 
History, which is to be taken in hand shortly, will most likely 
do ample justice to these places. 

Any profits there may be from the sale of this book will be 
given for the benefit of Dowles Church and Sunday School. 

Bewdley, yunet 1883, J. R. B. 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



Alderson, Rev. Frank, Dudleston Vicarage, EUesmere. 

Andrews, Mr. W., F.R.H.S., Hull, 

Antiquaries, Society of, Burlington House, London. 

Bagster, Mr. Basil B., Wribbenhall. (4 copies.) 

Bagster, Mr. Henry T., Wribbenhall. 

Baker, Mr. George, Beaucastle, Bewdley. 

Baker, Mr. Richard C, Wribbenhall. 

Baker, Mr. Slade, Sandbourne. 

Baldwin, Mr. Alfred, Wilden House. 

Baldwin, Mr. Enoch, M.P., The Mount, Stourport. (3 copies.) 

Baldwyn, Mr. J. Gough, Stourport. 

Bancks, Mrs. C. P., Bewdley. 

Bancks, Miss, Wribbenhall. 

Barton, Mr. Everard, Summerdine. (a copies.) 

Barton, Mr. William, Stamford. 

Bathe, Rev. S. B., St. George's Vicarage, Kidderminster. 

Baugh, Mrs., Bewdley. (2 copies.) 

Beaman, Mr. John, Bewdley. (2 copies.) 

Beauchamp, Right Hon. the Earl, Madresfield Court. (2 copies.) 

Bed doe, Mr. Henry C, Hereford. 

Beddoe, John, M.D., F.R.S., Bristol. 

Beeby, Mrs. R., Stoke Golding. 

Belling, Mr. John, M.A., Stonehouse. 

Bentley, Rev. S., Bosbury Vicarage. 

Birmingham Free Library. 

Blencowe, Rev. Alfred J., Witton Vicarage, Northwich. 

Blencowe, Rev. Charles E., Marston Vicarage, Banbury. 

Blencowe, Mr. John A., Marston House. 

Blencowe, Miss, Marston House. 

Booth, Mrs., Wribbenhall. 

Boraston, Miss, Dublin. (3 copies.) 

Boraston, Mr. S., Wribbenhall. 

Boughton, Sir Charles Rouse, Bart., Downton Hall, Ludlow. (3 copies.) 

Bradley, Rev. Edward, Stretton Vicarage, Oakham. 

Brinton, Mr. John, M.P., Moor Hall, Stourport. 

Bromley, Miss, Bewdley. (3 copies.) 

Bury, Mr. John, Kateshill, Bewdley. (2 copies.) 



List of Subscribers. 

Bury, Miss, Bewdley. 

Brown, Mr. Charles, Droitwich. 

Bryan, Miss, Bewdley. 

Burton, Miss, Paris. (2 copies.) 

Burton, Miss, Stamford. 

Burton, Mr. George H., Stamford. 

Carnarvon, Right Hon. the Earl of, Portman-square, London. 

Cartwright, Mrs., Stourport. 

Cave, Rev. Fred. L., Bloxham. (2 copies.) 

Cawood, Rev. John, Bay ton Rectory. 

Chellingworth, Mr. W. H., Trimpley House. 

Chesshire, Rev. James "L., Wribbenhall Vicarage. 

Childe, Mrs. E. Baldwyn, Kyre Park, Tenbury. 

Clack, Mr. J. S., Bedford. 

Claughton, Rev. T. Legh, Vicarage, Kidderminster. (2 copies.) 

Clinch, Mr. Alfred M., Bewdley. (4 copies.) 

Cole, Miss, Bordesley Hall, Redditch. 

CoUedge, Mr., Dowles. 

Compton, the Very Rev. Lord Alwyne, the Deanery, Worcester. 

Cownley, Miss, Kidderminster. 

Cooke, Mr. George, Carlisle. 

Cooke, Miss, Tettenhall. 

Cookes, Rev. H. W., Astley Rectory. 

Corbet, Mr. Henry, Fort Royal, Worcester. 

Crane, Mr. H., Oakhampton, near Stourport. 

Crane, Mrs., Oakhampton, near Stourport. 

Crane, Mr. John H., Hillhampton House. 

Crane, Miss, Bewdley. 

Crowe, Miss, Bewdley. 

Dalley, Mr. T. C, Bewdley. (2 copies.) 
Davies, Mr. D. Lloyd, Wyre Court, Bewdley. 
Davis, Rev. E. V. W., Abdon Rectory. 
Davis, Mrs., Dowles. 
Daunt, Mr. A. Kingscote, Bewdley. 
Dewse, Mr. G., Stamford. 
Dingwall, Mr. R. M., Clapham, S.W. 
Downing, Mr. J. Marshall, Dowles. (3 copies.) 
Dunn, Rev. M. W. M., Sutton Coldfield. 

Essington, Mrs., Ribbesford House. 

Fenwick, Rev. J. E. A., Thirlestaine House, Cheltenham. 

Fisher, Mr. J. B., Wribbenhall. 

Fletcher, Mrs., Kingston-on-Thames. (2 copies.) 

Fleming, Mrs., Wribbenhall. (3 copies.) 

Foley, Right Hon. Lord, Grosvenor-square, London. 

Foley, Mr. P. H., Prestwood, Stourbridge. 



List of Subscribers. 

Ford, Rev, W, O. Parker, the Vicarage, Bewdley. 
Foster, Mr. W. O., Apley Park, Bridgnorth. 
Foster, Mr. W. J., Bewdley. 
Foster, Mrs., Wells. 

Gabb, Mr. John, Bewdley. (2 copies.) 

Gabb, Mr. Leonard A., Bewdley. (2 copies.) 

Gardiner, Mr. Benjamin, Eymore House. (2 copies.) 

Gibbons, Rev. B., Waresley House, Hartlebury. (2 copies,) 

Godson, Mr. A. F., Pump-court, Temple, E.G. 

Grazebrook, Mr. H. Sidney, Chiswick. 

Gretton, Rev. F. E., B.D., Oddington Rectory, Stow-on-the-Wold. 

Grifl&n, Mr. G. F., Stourport. 

Groome, Mrs., Eastbourne. 

Gumey, Rev. A. W., Little Hereford Rectory, Tenbury. 

Hall, Lieut. F., R.N., Broadway. 

Hall, Miss, Ashford House, Ludlow. 

Hallen, Rev. W., Wribbenhall. 

Harrison, Mr. C, Areley Court. 

Hancocks, Mr. W., Blakeshall House. 

Harvey, Mr. James J., Kidderminster. 

Hassall, Miss, Wribbenhall. 

Hastings, Rev. J. P., Martley Rectory. 

Havergal, Rev. Prebendary F. T., Upton Bishop Vicarage. 

Hately, Mrs., Clifton. 

Haywood, Mr. J. S., Worcester. 

Hemingway, Mr. R., Bewdley. 

Hereford, Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of, Hereford. 

Hereford, the Hon. and Very Rev. the Dean of, Hereford. 

Hemming, Mrs. Walter, Spring Grove, Bewdley. 

Hill, Mr. T. R., Q.C., M.P., Worcester. 

Hinton, Mr. W., Bewdley. 

Homfray, Mr. H., Kidderminster. 

Hopkins, Mr. T., Bewdley. 

Humpherson, Mr. Chas. J., Newport, Monmouthshire. (2 copies.) 

Ife, Miss, Melton Mowbray. 

Ife, Miss Ellen, London. 

Ingram, Rev. E. H. Winnington, Ribbesford Rectory. (4 copies.) 

Irving, Rev. Alex., Wellington College. (2 copies.) 

James, Rev. Alfred, Burwarton Rectory. 
James, Rev. G. Howard, Nottingham. 
Jeflferies, Mr. C. E., Wribbenhall. 

Kane, Mrs., The Grange, Monmouth. 

Kenrick, Mr. W., Harborne. 

Knight, Mr. F. Wynn, M.P., Wolverley House, Kidderminster. 



List of Subscribers. 

Lomb, Kr. W, M . Worcester, 

Lamb, Mim J., Ber/rdley, 

haadon, Mr, Whittington, Bevrdlej, 

Lawrence, Mr, J. T,. Bcwdley, 

Lea, Kev, Josiab T,, Far Forest Vicarage, fa copies.) 

Lea, Mr, JcAn W. T„ Netherton House, Bewdley. 

Lea, Yen. Archdeacon, St, Peter's Vicarage. Droitwich. 

Lea, Rev, F, Simcoz, Tedstone Delamere Rectory, Worcester. 

Lecbmere, Sir Edw. A,, Bart,, M.P., Rhydd Court, Upton-on-Sevem. 

Lloyd, Mr, S. Zachary, Areley Hall, Stonrport. 

London Library, 12, St, James'-sqnare, S.W, 

Lobbock, Sir John, Bart,, M.P„ Lombard-street. E.C. 

Lytteltoo, the Right Hon, Lord, Hagley Hall, Stoorbridge. 

Lytt^lton, the Hon. and Rev, Canon, Hagley Rectory. 

Lyttelton, the Hon. and Rev. Artbur T., Selwyn C<^^e, Cambridge. 

McClelland, Mr. Hugh, Birmingham. 

Manby, Mr. Cordy, Wassail Wood, Bewdley. (2 copies.) 

Manchester, Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of 

Marcy, Mr, W. Nichols, Manor Honse, Bewdley. (8 copies.) 

Marcy, Mrs. ditto ditto. 

Martin, Mr, Joseph, Stonrport. 

Moilliet, Rev. J. L., Abberley Rectory, Stonrport. (2 copies.) 

Monck, Rev. Edward, Battle, Sussex. 

Moore, Mim, Liverpool. 

Morrall, Mr. E., Bridgnorth. 

Morris, Rev. Haywood, Stottesdon Vicarage. 

Morris, Mr. T., Hereford. 

Morris, Mr., Stourbridge. 

Morton, Mr. E. J., Wolverley. 

Nellist, Mr., Crundalls. Wribbenhall. 

Nicholas, Mrs., Malvern. 

Nicholas, Mr. Richmond, Wimbledon, Surrey. (3 copies.) 

Nicholas, Miss, Wribbenhall. 

Nicholls, Mr. John, Bewdley. 

Nicholson, Mr. T., F.I.B.A., Hereford. 

Norris, Mr. W., The Mount, Tenbury. 

North, Mr. Thos., F.S.A., Llanfairfechan. 

Ousclcy, Rev. Sir Fred. A. G., Bart., St. Michael's College, Tenbury, 
Owens, Mr. Thos., Bewdley. 

Parkos, Miss, Dlakebrook, Kidderminster. 

I'artou, Mr. W., Wribbenhall. 

Payne, Mr. Philip, Bewdley. 

Pottso, Mr. Arthur, M.P., Darlington. 

Poase, Miss Beatrice, Darlington. 



List of Subscribers. 

Pease, Sir Joseph W., Bart., M.P., Guisbro' Hall, Yorkshire. 

Pemberton, Mr. Geo. A., Dowles. 

Phillipps, Mr. J. O. Halliwell, F.R.S., Hollirigbury Copse, Sussex. 

Phillipps, Miss K. E. Halliwell, Hollingbury Copse. 

Philipps, Mrs., Edgbaston. 

Pitt, Miss Harriet, Wribbenhall. 

Player, Mr. J. Hort, Birmingham. (3 copies.) 

Pountney, Mr. Charles, Bewdley. 

Powis, Right Hon. Earl of, Powis Castle, Welshpool. 

Prescott, Mrs., Birches Farm, Tenbury. 

Price, Mr. S., Bewdley. 

Puckey, Mr. J. C, Stansted, Essex. 

Pur ton. Rev. John, Oldbury Rectory, Bridgnorth. 

Rayson, Rev. William, R.D., Lindridge Vicarage. 

Reiss, Rev. Fred. A., Rock Rectory. (2 copies.) 

Reiss, Mrs. L., 22, Princes-gate, London. 

Roberts, Mr. T. Lloyd, Corfton Manor, Shropshire. (2 copies.) 

Robertson, Rev. David, R.D., Hartlebury Rectory. (2 copies.) 

RoUason, Mr. T., Handsworth. 

Rushout, the Hon Miss, Burford House, Tenbury. 

Salisbury, Very Rev. the Dean of, Salisbury. 

St. Albans, Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of, Danbury Palace. (3 copies.) 

Sanders, Rev. S. J. W., Northampton. 

Shaw, Mr. Giles, Winterdyne. (3 copies.) 

Smith, Mr. James, Bewdley. 

Smith, Mr. John, Bewdley. 

Smith, Rev. Prebendary I. G., the Vicarage, Malvern. 

Smith, Mr. S., Public Library and Museum, Worcester. 

Smith, Rev. T. Ayscough, the Vicarage, Tenbury. 

Southwell, Mr. T. Martin, Bridgnorth. 

Spencer, Mr. W. F., Spring Grove. 

Stone, Mr. James E., Kidderminster. 

Sturge, Mr. Charles, Wribbenhall. (4 copies.) 

Swinburn, Mrs., Wribbenhall. 

Tangye, Mr. Joseph, Ticknell. 

Tempest-Radford, Mr. T., Kidderminster. 

Temi^e, Sir Richard, Bart., G.C.S.I., the Nash, Kempsey. 

Tomkinson, Mr. M., Kidderminster. 

Tonks, Mr. J., Bewdley. 

Turner, Rev. G. P., Down ton Vicarage, Ludlow. 

Vawdrey, Rev. Daniel, Areley Kings Rectory. 

Walcot, Rev. John, Bitterley Court, Ludlow. 
Walcot, Mrs. Owen, the Erwy, near Ellesmere. 



List of Subscribers. 

Walcot. Commander John C. P., R.N., Bitter ley. 

Walcot, John Halliwell, the Erwy. 

Warner, Rev. Prebendary C, Clun Rectory. (2 copies.) 

Watson, Mr. John, Waresley. 

Watson, Mr. C. Hugh, Stourport. 

Webster, Mr. Cecil, Bewdley. 

Whieldon, Rev. Edward, Hales Hall, Cheadle. (3 copies.) 

Whitcombe, Mr. R. H., Bewdley. 

White, Mr. Milson, Bewdley. 

White, Mrs. R., Upton-on- Severn. 

Wilding, Rev. C. J., Arley Vicarage. 

Willis-Bund, Mr. J. W., Wick Episcopi, near Worcester* 

Wilson, Mr. Geo. E., Wyddrington, Birmingham. (2 copies.) 

Windsor-Clive, Lady Mary, Oakley Park. (2 copies.) 

Winnington, the Dowager Lady, Ash burton House, Putney. 

Wodehouse Mrs., Ham Hill, Worcester. 

Wood, Mr. E. T. W., Henley Hall, Ludlow. 

Woodward, Mr. Robert, Arley Castle. (2 copies.) 

Woodward, Mr. Robert, jun., Arley Cottage. 

Woodward Mrs., Ashdown Cottage, Tenbury. 

Woodward, Mr. H. Toye, Kidderminster. 

Worcester, Right Rev. Lord Bishop of, Hartlebury Castle. 



I 

i 



CONTENTS. 









Page 


Rise of the Town and Descent of the Manor . 






I 


The Chapel 






i6 


The Bridge 






27 


Ticknell and the Court of the Marches . . 






31 


The Corporation 






43 


Nonconformist Chapels and Meeting Houses . 






. 48 


Grammar School, Charities, &c 






51 


Illustrious Men 






55 


Ribbesford 






62 


Dowles 






. 76 


Wribbenhall 






. 83 


Lower Areley 






86 


Upper Arley 






90 


The Rock or Aka 






92 


Mitton .' 






95 



Extracts from Ribbesford Church Registers . . . . . . iii 

Chapel and Bridgewardens' Accounts . . . . . . . . xii 

Bailiffs of Bewdley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxvi 

Members of Parliament for Bewdley . , . , . , . . xxxix 

High Stewards, Recorders, &c., of Bewdley xl 

Charter of Edward IV. , . . . . . . . . , . . xlii 

Extracts from Dowles Parish Registers xliii 

Pedigree of Mortimer xlvii 

Miscellanea . . . . • . . . . . . xlix 

Index li 



.* 



CORRIGENDA. 



Page 9, line 2 from bottom : for roll read toll. 

Page 13, ,,2 „ : insert 18. 

Page 61, „ 12 „ : Sam. Skey the elder was buried 

April 4, 1800. 

Page 64, „ 2 „ ; for a^read ad. 

Page xxix., line 7 : for Tuckers read Tinkers. 

Page xli., line 3 from bottom : for 1833 read 1835. 



iRiee of tbe ttown an6 ©eecent of tbc flDanor. 

sue 



HE earliest mention of the modern Bewdley 
occurs under its old Saxon name of 
Wribbenhall — a name still retained by 
the adjacent village on the eastern side 
of the Severn. In the time of William 
the Conqueror both formed part of the 
great manor of Kidderminster, We read 
in Domesday Book (1085): — "King 
William holds in demesne Chideminstre, 
with sixteen berewicks or hamlets : Wenvertun, Trimpelei, 
Worcote, Frenesse (Franche), and another Frenesse, Bristi- 
tune, Harburgelei (Habberley), Fastochesfelde, Gurbehale, 
Ribeford, and another Ribeford, Sudtone, Aldintone, Metune 
(Mitton), Tueiesberge, Sudwale; In these lands together with 
the manor are twenty hides* ; the manor was all waste." The 
name Gurbehale here mentioned is no doubt the Norman way of 
spelling Wribbenhall ; for having no letter W, the Normans 
expressed the sound by " Gu " — e.g., Gulielmus for Willelmus, 
Gualtenis for Walterus, Guarrena for Warrena. By substi- 
tuting W for "Gu" we get Wrbehale; and we find it thus 
written in the annals of the Church of Worcester : — " In the 
year 1215 Hugh de Mortimer did fealty for Wrbehale in the 

' A Domesday "Hide" was about -340 acres. 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



Chapter-house at Worcester of 205. a year, which his prede- 
cessors had granted to the said church to be received by the 
hands of certain persons ; who, because they would not render 
their rent, being ejected, both for a valuable consideration and 
by force, he himself took the said land, and was to render the 
rent."* The Register of the Priory of St. Mary of Worcester 
(1240) informs us how Wribbenhall first came into the posses- 
sion of the Church, and reads thus : — ** Concerning Wruhenhale, 
A certain man, Thurstin by name, gave us Wrubenhal, Ralph 
de Mortimer senior conceding and confirming, as his charter 
beareth witness. In after times Roger de Mortimer took it for 
a fief. Whence he swore fealty to the Prior and Convent, and 
gave a relief [payment to the lord by a feudal tenant on 
entering his fief] , and bound his heirs, as his charter wit- 
nesseth, to do fealty to the Prior and Convent, and to give a 
relief according to circumstances, and to pay every year at the 
feast of St. Martin twenty shillings. "+ 

The charter of Thurstin or Turstin here mentioned would 
seem to be still in existence, and is thus described in Archao- 
logia, vol. xxxi., app., page 475 : — ** 18 April, 1844, Evelyn 
Philip Shirley, Esq., M.P. for Monaghan Co., exhibited a 
charter of the 12th cent. [? nth] from muniments of. the Lech- 
mere family. It is a grant of land in Wribbenhall made by 
Turstinus to the monks of a monastery not specified. The 
peculiarities of this charter consist, first in its being signed with 
a cross by each of the persons who made and confirmed the 
grant ; and secondly in the seal being suspended by a thin 
label, not as usual from the foot of the charter, but from the 
middle of it. It is believed that this is the only instance 

* '* Anno Mccxv. Hugo de Mortuo mari fecit fidelitatem de Wrbehale in 
capitulo Wigornensi de xx solidis annuis, quos antecessores sui ecclesiae 
praedictae contulerant per manus quorundam percipiendos ; quibus eo quod 
redditum suum non redderent et vi ejectis et pretio, ipse prsedictam terram 
suscepit redditum redditurus." — Annates Monastici, vol. iv., page 405. 

t De Wrubenhale. Quidam homo Thurstinus nomine dedit nobis Wru- 
benhal : Radulphus de Mortuo-Mari seniore concedente et confirmante ; sicut 
carta ipsius testatur, succedante tempore Rogerus de Mortuo-Mari cepit earn 
ad feodo firmam. Vnde Priori et conventui fidelitatem juravit, et relevium 
dedit, et obligavit heredes suos sicut carta ipsius testatur ad faciendum 
Priori et conventui fidelitatem, et ad dandum relevium pro tempore et ad 
solvendum singulis annis. In festo S. Martini xx sol. A.D. MCCXL. — 
Registnim Prioratus Beata Mana Wigornicnsis. Camden Soc. p. 20b. 



RISE OF TOWN & DESCENT OF MANOR. 3 

hitherto known of such a singular mode of attaching the seal 
being practised in England ; although something similar exists 
in the collection of charters in the Hotel de Soubise at Paris." 

This same Turstin, who figures here as a benefactor to the 
Monks of Worcester, was also Lord of Ribbesford ; but, as will 
be seen later on, his character is there drawn by the monks in 
very different colours. 

In the year 1148 Simon Bishop of Worcester in a very 
solemn manner confirmed to the Prior and Monks of Worcester 
all their lands and possessions, among which is named Wriben- 
hale. The manor belonged to the office of Cellarer in the 
Monastery, and was allotted with other places for the particular 
purpose of buying wood.* 

In 1203 Roger de Mortimer did fealty to the church of Wor- 
cester of twenty shillings of Wurbenli [Wribbenhall] ,\ 

In 12 15, as has been shown, Hugh de Mortimer did the like. 
The following extract relates to Roger Mortimer, his nephew 
and heir, and would indicate that the ancient Wribbenhall , or a 
part of it, became the modern Bewdley : — ** By an inquisition held at 
Worcester 7 May, 11 Edward III, (1388), before Robert de 
Longdon, deputy of William de Trossell,]: the King's escheator 
for England on this side Trent, it was found that the manor of 
Beaulieu was held of the Priory of Worcester by the yearly rent 
of 20s., which had been paid by Roger Mortimer the elder, 
Edmund Mortimer his son, Roger the son of Edmund Mor- 
timer, & Edmund the son of Roger & Matilda his wife, who 
were lords of Beaulieu & paid the rents before mentioned. "§ 

Here the owners of the manor, the persons who held it of 
them, and the amount of rent paid, are precisely the same as 
those given in i'2i5 ; but the name of the place has been 
changed from Wrbehale to Beaulieu, or ** beautiful place." It 
was seldom that Norman place-names ousted those of Saxon 
origin ; but the loveliness of the scenery well justified the 
change in this instance. 

* Hayley MS. 

t Reg. Prior. Beat. Maries Wigom., p. 20b. Cam. Soc. vol. 91. 

} Sir Wm. Trussell was the judge who condemned the Despencers to 
death, and pronounced the deposition of Edward II. 

§ Hayley MS. This will be more readily understood by reference to the 
Pedigree of Mortimer in the Appendix. 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



The earliest mention of the town under its present name 
appears to be in the Close Roll of Edward I. (1304), when 
Margaret wife of Edmund de Mortimer is said to have had 
assigned to her for her better support certain lands in Beaulieu, 
Bewdley was probably a residence — at least an occasional 
residence — of the Mortimers about this time ; for on a muti- 
lated stone coffin lid discovered during ,the recent restoration 
of Ribbesford church is a shield bearing their arms : — Barry of 
six or and az,y an inescutcheon arg, ; on a chief gold, gyroned of the same, 
two pallets of the same. On the sides are the words, ** Je vous 
PRi" and ** BoN Henri." Norman-French monumental inscrip- 
tions were in general use only for a short time — 1290 to 1320 ; 
and it is to this period that we should assign the origin of the 
name Beaulieu or Bewdley. As examples of similar etymology, 
we find that Beaulieu in Monmouthshire became Bewley,* and 
Roilieu near Oxford became Rewley. In all the Inquisitiones 
post Mortem of the 14th century it is styled Beaulieu or Beauleu. 
In the charter of Edward IV. (1472) the name is spelt Beau- 
deley, showing that the change into its modern form was 
nearly completed. Leland (1506 — 1552), who visited the 
town about 1539, says, ** I gather that Beaudley is but a very 
new town, and that of old tyme there was but some poore 
hamlett, and that upon the Building of a Bridge there upon 
Severne, and resort of people unto it, and commodity of the 
pleasant site, men began to inhabit there ; and because that 
the plott of it seemed fayre to the lookers on it took a French 
name Beaudley quasi hellus locus, I asked a merchant there of 
the antientnesse of the towne, and he answered mee that it was 
but a new towne, adding that they had liberties granted by 
King Edward." 

Camden (1551 — 1623) gives the same derivation. " Bewdley," 
says he, " takes its name from its most pleasant situation — 

•• Delicium rerum Bellus Locus undique floret 
Fronde coronatus Virianae tempora sylvae." 

Which Bishop Gibson translates thus — 

•• Fair seated Bewdley, a delightful town, 
Which Wyre's tall oaks with shady branches crown." 



* Taylor's Words and Places, p. 267. 



RISE OF TOWN & DESCENT OF MANOR. 5 

■ ■ » ■ ■ 

Dr. Stukeley in a letter dated from Bewdley, Sept. 17, 171 2, 
says, ** Were I to choose a country residence for health and 
pleasure, it would be undoubtedly on the west side of the 
island, not far from this river (Severn), and where it is most 
distant from the sea." {Itin, i., page 71.) 

We have seen that in the time of the Conqueror Bewdley 
(or Wribbenhall) was given by Turstin, a vassal of Ralph de 
Mortimer, to the Priory of Worcester. In 12 15 the tenant of 
the Monastery was ejected, but allowed compensation ; and 
then the Mortimers themselves resumed possession subject to a 
yearly rental of 20s. After 1388 no mention of Bewdley is made 
in connection with the Monastery, and the manor descended 
through the Mortimers to our own Queen Victoria. 

To trace the history of the great family of the Mortimers 
woulji fill a volume. It was, moreover, a family so mixed up 
with the general history of England that the local historian 
may the more readily pass it over. The founder of the family 
in England was Ralph de Mortimer, who came over from Nor- 
mandy with the Conqueror in 1066, and was the King's ablest 
Lieutenant in the West, and the vanquisher of Edric Sylva- 
ticus, the Saxon Earl of Shrewsbury. As a reward for his 
services he received the castle of Wigmore, and lands at Cleo- 
bury and elsewhere. Again, when in 1074 Roger Earl of 
Hereford lost his lands by rebellion, they were conferred on 
Mortimer, who then became one of the greatest barons in the 
West, and owned 132 manors on the Welsh border. The 
pedigree of Mortimer (see Appendix) is traced from him. 

Roger Mortimer (HI.), created Earl of March, married Joan 
daughter and heiress ol Sir Peter de Geneville, and by this 
marriage the whole inheritance of Geneville and half the lands 
of Lacy came to the Mortimers. This was the notorious Roger 
Mortimer, the murderer of Edward II. : he was executed in 
1330, and his estates were forfeited. Roger Mortimer (IV.) his 
grandson regained the patrimony and the Earldom of March. 
In 6 Edw. III. this Roger gave to John Chamberlain, grand- 
father of John de la More, custody of all his cattle in his manors 
of Clebury and Beaulieu and also in the Chace of Wyre.* 

• •• Rog'us de Mortuo Mari dedit Joh'i Cam'ario Avo Joh'is de la More 
custodiam om'ium p'cor' suor' in man'iis suis de Clebury et Beaulieu ac 
cciam chacee de Wyre." — Inq. post Mortem, 6 Edw. III., vol. iv., p. 52. 



\ 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



Dying in ^Burgundy in 1360 he was succeeded by Edmund 
Mortimer (III.)» Earl of March and Ulster, through whose 
marriage with Philippa daughter of Lionel Duke of Clarence 
their descendants ultimately succeeded to the Crown. 

In 1425 Richard Duke of York inherited the manor, and 
under his beneficent rule Bewdley made great progress. In 
1 44 1 he granted his office of Chief Ranger of his forest of Were 
(Wyre) in County of Salop to Leonard Hastings. In 1446 he 
obtained a licence for a market every week upon the Wednes- 
day at his manor of Beaudley, and for a fair yearly upon the 
festival of St. Agatha the Virgin (Feb. 5).* Thus in 1446 
Bewdley rose from the condition of a village to the dignity of a 
market town, and in past times the holding of fairs and markets 
was regarded as a most valuable privilege. The want of a 
Bridge over the Severn seems to have been then immediately 
felt, and next year (March 20, 1447) we find the Bishop of 
Worcester (John Carpenter) in his Castle of Hartilbury granting 
40 days' indulgence to all contributing to the building of the 
bridge lately founded (noviter fundati) between the ville of Wre- 
benall in his diocese and stretching across the Severn to the 
ville of Bewdley in the diocese of Hereford. 

In 1459 Richard Duke of York was attainted, his property 
forfeited, and ;^40 per annum from Bewdley was given to Lord 
Dudley. In the early part of 1460 Bewdley was granted to 
Edward Prince of Wales, son of Henry VI., to get Wales from 
the Yorkists ; and in December Duke Richard was slain at 
Wakefield, and his head fixed on York gates with a paper 
crown on it. Richard's eldest son Edward, though only ig 
years of age, was a very successful leader ; and within a few 
months of his father's death he entered London in triumph^ and 
was proclaimed King by the title of Edward IV. (March 3, 
1 461). It is needless to say that with this change in fortune 
his father's attainder was reversed, and the ancient patrimony 
restored. Hence it was that the manor of Bewdley became 
part of the private property of the Sovereigns of England. 

In 1472 Edward IV. granted a Charter of Incorporation to 
the town, and conferred on it many privileges. (See appendix). 

* Cart. 25 & 26 Hy. VI., n. 41. 



RISE OF TOWN <^ DESCENT OF MANOR. 



After the manor of Bewdley became Royal Demesne or 
Crown Land, it was customary for the King to let it to farm for 
a term of years, except when it was actually occupied by 
members of the Royal Family. In the time of Henry VII. 
Prince Arthur held it and all the ancient Earldom of March in 
his own hands. In the next reign it was at times the residence 
of the Princesses Mary and Elizabeth. Some old deeds in the 
possession of John H. Crane, Esq., show that in 1601 it was 
leased to Sir Edward Blount. In 1612 it was held by Henry 
Prince of Wales, and the following survey of the manor was 
then taken : — 



Man'ium de 
Bewdley 



} 



The presentmt of the Jury Sworne at a Court of Survey 
of the princes highnes of the said manner : as well for the 
meareing & bounding out of the said Mannor As also for 
other businesses of the princes highnes to them given in 
charge there holden the last day of September in the 
yeares of the r eigne of or Soveraigne Lord James by the 
grace of God of England &c the Tenth & of Scotland the 
46th before John Townley Esqr Steward and surveyor of 
the said Mannor 



Thomas Boylson 
Edrus Hale 
Edrus Tombes 



Willus Milton Sen 



Ricus Whitecote 



Jur' 



Ricus Barret 
j"ohes Hill de Silton 
Humfrus Burlton 



Jur' 



Ricus Clare 
Willus Kaye 



Noia Jur' 



fiFrancus Dickins 
Walterus Hill 
Thomas Dedicott 
Johes Hayles 
Willus Milton Jun' 



-Jur* 



Johes Tyler 
Johes Hard wick 
Willus Boylson 
Johes Nash 



-Jur' 



The bounds of the Mannor. 
The first meare or bound of the said Mannor or Lordshipp beginning 
on the sowth side of the Town of Bewley leadeth along by the River of 
Seaverne unto a meadowe called Blackstone meadowe in the Lordshipp 
of Ribbesford & so leadeth by the bounds of the said Lordshipp of 
Ribbesford adjoining to Bewdley parke pale up along to the said 
parkes end And so to a copice called the Hoockleasowe and from 
thence leading to another copice called the Hoockwood and from 
thence to a place called the Rovell parcell of the princes woods & so 
leading along from Hoockwood hedge vnto a certaine leasowe called 
porters & then leading by the said leasowe hedge unto a brooke called 
Gladder brooke, and so over the said brooke unto the lands of Sr Tho: 



8 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

Conisby knt called parlors and from thence unto certaine grounds here- 
tofore waste and now Inclosed into seu'all parcells in the tenure of 
divers persons conteyning in the whole by estimacon' about Ten acres, 
& from thence unto a waste parcell of ground of the Lordshipp of 
Abbottesley called Gibheath & from thence unto a poole called the 
Dead poole, and from thence vnto a place called Tybbebach & so to a 
meadowe called Gavards meadowe & from thence unto the lands of the 
said Sr Tho: Conningsby & so unto certaine Leasowes called ffoxlies & 
ffoxlies hill which are adjoining vnto blisse yate & thence leadeth east- 
ward from the Bliss yate unto a Copice of the snaid S» Thos: Coningsby 
called parlors Bynde als-Shutford & so leading to Gladder brooke 
againe along by a wood called Altonswood unto a place called the Lye- 
head All which said Lyehead is within the Lordshipp of Bewdley, & 
so leading by Altonswood vnto a marish ground seggbach And so from 
the said seggbach leading by Altonswood to Cleobury way And so still 
leading from the said Altonswood vnto a place called the over end of 
the Lords yard. And from thence to a place called the Shelfe heald 
brooke &2from thence Down a long by the said brooke so to Dowles 
brooke & so a long by Dowles brooke, to Goodwater Brooke from the 
which Goodwater Brooke cometh a great highway, And so by the 
Lordship of Dowles to Barkehill & so down Barkehill a long by the 
lordship of Dowles unto the said River of Seaverne on the North side 
of the Town of Bewdley, & from thence along by the said River of 
Seaverne to the Sowth side of the said Town of Bewley where the first 
bound began, And also certain waste grounds of this Lordshipp divers 
parcells whereof are now Inclosed called Linolls, Hedgewick & good 
Moore, with the Copices called the old Binde, the new bynde, the new 
Lodge binde, which Copices are meared & bounded as hereafter 
foUoweth That is to say from Dowles brooke up a long by Altonswood 
unto a Coppice of the aforesaid Sr Tho: Conningsby called Roiose 
Bynde & so a long Downe by the said Coppice & up againe to Cleobury 
way, & from thence leading by the said way to Altonswood & so lead- 
ing along by the said Altonswood to Oledgewick & and from thence 
along by the said wood to Lempe Brooke & so directly by Lempe 
brooke to Dowles brooke aforesaid & from thence up to the corner of 
Altonswood where the last bounds began. 

Concerning the Capitall mesuage & the demeasne Item the Jury 
doe p^sent that the prince hath a Capitall mesuage within the said 
Manner called Ticknell & a Stable called the Kings Stable togeather 
with a parke called Bewdley parke, & fair meadows adjoining called 
the Lady meadowes. 

Item they doe pesent that there are groweing within the said parke 
3500 old Trees And they value 1000 of them at ;f 1000 And one other 
1000 of them at 1000 Marks, & one other 1000 of them at £y)o and the 
500 residue at 500 Nobles. 
The parcke conteineth about 400 Acres (halfe) of it is heath ground 



RISE OF TOWN S^ DESCENT OF MANOR. 9 

wherein by estimac'on there are between one hundred & eighty head' 
of Deere besides the feeding of which Deere the herbage may be 
esteemed to be worth £xx by the yeare, And the said meadowes called 
the Lady Meadowes conteine about 34 Acres and are worth /40 by ye 
year. 

Item they pesent that there is no Advowson within this Mannor but a 
Chappell, to which King Phillippe & Queen Mary, by theire L'red 
patents under the greate Seale of England have graunted a Stypend of 
/viii pr Annu', which is paid by the Kings mats Receivors accordingly. 

The Waste and Comond within the Manner. acres 

Item they pesent that the Lodge Copice cont' by estimac'on , . 60 o 

Item the parke end Copice cont' by estimac'on 60 o 

The new bynde Coppices conteine by estimac'on 26 o 

The Coppices called Hitterell Coppices cont' by estimac'on . . 104 o 

The old Bynde Coppice cont' by estimac'on 040 o 

The Coppices called powcamaston and picamaston conteining 048 

by estimac'on 48 acres which are in a lease 

for /xxii p' Annu' & which they conceive to be the worth 

the rent 

One pcell of waste called great Hedgwick con' by estimac'n . . 240 o 
One pcell of waste called ye little Hedgwick, cont* by estm' . , 070 o 
One parcell of waste called the Goodmore cont' by estimac'on. 040 o 
One parcell of waste called the Lynolls con' by estimac'on. . . . 050 o 
The Lords yard, Cold harber & Shelfe head con' by estm' .... 100 o 
Whereupon are growing about 60 great Trees to the value of £^ a Tree 
And the vnderwood is worth pesently to be felled 
One parcell of waste called the Rovell ccftit' about two acres where- 
upon there is wood growing worth ^3. acres 
One pcell of ground called the Lyehead now inclosed cont' by 

estm' 016 o 

The Barkhill conteining by estimac'n 004 o 

A waste called Hacidlyes Bind con' by estimation 020 o 

The new Lodge Bind conteyning by estimation 024 o 

whereupon some wood is groweing worth £6 135. 4^. 

Intrusions within the Mannor. 

*^b sl^ ^^ ^L* ^L* ^k 

^^ ^^ 3^ ^» ^» ^^ 

The Town of Bewdley. 

The Towne of Bewdley scituate within the said Mannor is scituate 
adjoining to the said River of Seaverne which Town was Incorporate 
in the third year of his Maties Reigne by the name of the Baylifife & 
Burgesses, The Jurisdicc'on of wch said Corporac'on doth extend to 
the lymitts of the said Mannoi*, Upon the graunting of which said 
Charter there is reserved xxs. p Ann' to the Kings Maties. 
Item they pesent that there be four fairies by the yeare & two marketts 
weekly graunted by Charter, And the roll of ye Marketts and of Bridge 
are graunted to the Corporac'on by the Kings Matie. 



lo A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY, 

The BaylifF and Burgesses of Bewdley were the next lords 
farmers of the manor. The Court Rolls commence in 1655, 
Sept. 4th, Sir Ralph Clare, Knight of the Bath, being the lord, 
and Adam Hough, gent., steward of the manor. From 1670 to 
1673 t^^ Courts were held in the name of Samuel Gardner, 
gent. In 1673 Bewdley manor was settled in jointure on Queen 
Catherine of Braganza, wife of Charles II., who then demised 
the park and manor and first and second vesture on the cutting 
of Lady Meadows, and liberty to get coals, to Sir Richard 
Powle, from Michaelmas, 1702 (when Gardner's lease expired), 
for 40 years, at a rental of ;^i7. 105. 4^. She also demised to 
Sir R. Powle 447 acres of coppice to hold from Lady-day, 1695, 
for 40 years — rent ;^i7. Five days after this Sir R. Powle sold 
his interest in these leases, for ;^ii23 and ^1081. 15. 8d, respec- 
tively, to Sir Francis Winnington. In 1674 ^^^ ^" Winnington 
also purchased for £'2."]^S Gardner's title to the manor for the 
residue of 31 years. Soon afterwards Charles II. demised a 
lease to him for 99 years, from the expiration of his former 
leases. This grant continued the Winnington family in posses- 
sion of the manor till 1841, when it reverted to the Crown. The 
Earl of Dudley was afterwards lessee, and in 1870, on the expi- 
ration of his term, the whole of the estates (2210 acres), 
including Winterdyne, Ticknell, Kateshill, Park Lodge, Park 
Farm, Wharton's Farm, Bowcastle, Uncles', and part of 
Wyre Forest, together with the manorial rights, were sold to 
various purchasers. 

Tradition relates that the original town of Bewdley was situ- 
ated on the Wyre Hill at some little distance from the Severn ; 
and an ancient inn — formerly the ** Shoulder of Mutton,'* now 
the ** Old Town-Hall " — had, until recent times, a projecting 
story with pillars, under which was a covered market. Edward I. 
granted to Henry de Ribbesford a market on every Wednesday, 
and a fair on St. Margaret's-day, and this may have been the 
site on which it was held. It is now quite disused for this pur- 
pose, but the houses near it are very old, and the high road 
went past it till 1753. Such a splendid position on a fine river, 
and near a forest abounding in oaks, was not overlooked by the 
inhabitants of Bewdley, and they made use of their opportuni- 
ties by applying themselves to boat-building and navigation. 



RISE OF TOWN S- DESCENT OF MANOR, ir 

In 141 2 (13 Henry IV.), in a Parliament held at Westminster^ 
the citizens of Bristowe (Bristol) and Gloucester prayed that 
they might pass Bewdley without hindrance. ** Certain persons 
of Bewdley having great boats called trowes had confederated 
themselves together for their singular profit, and would let no 
one pass through the said parts with their goods and chattels^ 
except they would hire the said boats for the carriage of the said' 
goods : & that on the eve of St. Michael last past, lying in wait 
near Bewdley with great force and arms, they had seized upon 
a great drag or flote going to Glos'ter (such as complainants 
had used to make in their parts to carry timber & fuel) & made 
the masters of it cut in pieces the said flote in the said river, or 
otherwise they would cut off their heads. They therefore pray 
free passage, &c." The men of Bewdley do not appear here in 
a very favourable light ; but they seem to have been anxious to» 
protect their own interests, and the place must have been 
already of some importance. 

Leland has left us a descriptive account of the town as it 
appeared about 1539 : — 

" From Kidderminster to Beaudly 2 miles by a fayre downe, but somewhat 
barren, as the Veyne is thereabout on every syde of Beaudky for a little com*- 
passe. I entred into Beaudley, in Schropshire, as some saye, by a goodly fayre 
bridge over Severne of [five] great Arches of stone, being even then in new 
reparation. 

" This bridge is onely on Severne betwixt Beaudley and Worcester bridge. To 
this Bridge resort many flatt long vessels to carry up and downe all manner 
of merchandize to Beaudley & above Beaudley. The East part of the Bridge 
at Beaudley and the left Ripe of Severne he in Worcestershire ; but many say and 
hould that the west end of the Bridge and the right ripe of Severne within the 
town of Beaudly be in Schropshire, & Wyre Forrest in Schropshire going to the 
parke of Tetenhall. The Towne self of Beaudley is sett on the- side of an Hilli 
soe comely, a man cannot wish to see a Towne better. It riseth from Severne 
banke by East Jpon the hill by west ; soe that a man standing upon a Hill 
trans pontem by East may discerne almost every house in the towne, and at 
the rising of the Sunne from East the whole Towne glitter eth (being all of 
newe Building) as it were of gould. 

•• There be but 3 Streets memorable in the Towne. One from North to 

South, all along Severne banke. The second is the Markett place, a fayre 

large thinge and well builded. The third runneth from North to South on 

the Hill syde, as the first doth in the Valley of Severne. The Parish Church 



12 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

standeth a mile lower at Ripley * ut aqua defluit ripa dextra. By the distance 
of the Paroch Church I gather that Beaudley is but a very new Towne. 

"There was a Privilege of Sanctuary given to this towne that now is 
abrogated." t 

This description applies to the present site of the town, and 
no mention is made of the old part on the Wyre hill. 

Under the Tudors the prosperity of Bewdley was in full tide. 

Henry VII. enlarged Ticknell House and made it into a Palace 

for Arthur Prince of Wales, who there resided and held his 

Court. There, too, he was married to Catherine of Aragon. 

Henry VIII. granted three charters to the town, and sent his 

daughters the Princesses Mary and Elizabeth to reside in it. 

The many distinguished persons who were constantly coming 

to the town, attended by large retinues, would give increased 

employment to the inhabitants. To prevent disputes a special 

law was made to regulate the prices to be charged by the 

innkeepers (1528) : — 

•' Apud Bewdeley xvi die Nov. a. 19 Henry VIII. For the considerations 
mentioned in this Bill It is ordered by the PrincesseJ Counsaill that during 
the abode of the Princesse Counsaill in the Towne of Bewdeley all manner 
of persons the Princesse Servants or belonging to the said household shall 
have their horses at Liverie in all Innes and hosteries of the said Town after 
the rate of id. ob daie and night for hay and litter. And all other Estrangers 
Sutors and others repairing to the said Towne to pay after the rate of ij^f. 
daie and night for hay & litter, &c. 

" Henry Collier. Ja. Denton. G. Bromley. 

•• Thomas Gent. T. Russell. R. Hassall." 

Manufactures of various kinds were started in the time of the 
Tudors, and flourished. The chief of these was cap-making, 
which at one time afforded employment to probably 1000 people 
in Bewdley. In the Ribbesford Registers the term ** capper '* 
appears as the trade in a large proportion of the entries. 
Fuller ( Worthies y p. 49) says that this occupation set no less 
than 15 callings to work. Machinery was forbidden, and the 
trade was protected by law. In 22 Edw. IV. a penalty of 
405. was inflicted upon any one setting up a fulling-mill. A 
mill would thicken and full more caps in a day than fourscore 

* Ribbesford in marg. 

t Leland's Itinerary, vol. iv., p. 100 : Oxford 1744. 

j The Princess Mary. 



RISE OF TOWN ^ DESCENT OF MANOR. 13 



men, and it was considered inconvenient to turn so many 
labouring men to idleness. In 3 Henry VIII. it was enacted 
that no caps or hats ready wrought should be brought from 
beyond seas. In 13 Eliz. caps were to be worn by all persons 
(some of Worship and Quality excepted) on Sabbath and Holy 
days under penalty of ten groats. This was repealed in 39 Eliz. 
By an Act of the Common Council of London in 1665 all caps 
were to be brought to Blackwell Hall except Monmouth and 
Bewdley caps. The French Protestant Refugees brought into 
England the use of hats, and the new fashion caused the decline 
of the Bewdley manufactures. In the time of Charles II. Mr. 
Yarrington says, ** Cap-making in Bewdley is grown so low that 
great part of the ancient cap-makers in that town are wholly 
decayed, and the rest at this present day are in a very low con- 
dition." One. of the most eminent cappers of Bewdley was 
Walter Palmer,^who lived in High Street, in the house now 
belonging to Mr. Marcy. His daughter Sarah was married at 
Ribbesford, Aug. 23. 1688, to Israel Wilkes, grandfather of the 
notorious John Wilkes, Member for Middlesex, and editor of 
the North Briton. Another daughter married Dr. Jas. Douglas, 
Physician to Queen Caroline ; and his son George married 
Anne Johnson in 1687, and was grandfather of Mrs. Skey, wife 
of Jonathan Skey. ** Walter Palmer, Bewdley, capper, 1656," 
and ** Thomas Farloe, capper in Bewdley, 1670," issued tokens 
which passed current in the town for halfpence. The trade 
appears to have afterwards revived, and to have lingered on till 
the beginning of the present century. The Worcestershire 
Guide for 1797 enumerates amongst the callings exercised here 
" Dutch and sailors caps, which are much prized for their 
excellent napping." Cap-making is now a thing of the past. 

In the time of Elizabeth there were twelve tan-yards in 
Bewdley, and tanners have been among its greatest benefactors. 
The neighbouring forests supply abundance of oak bark, and 
there is no apparent reason why this industry should have 
fallen off. 

In 1697 Mr. Christopher Bancks, of Wigan, started a pewter 
and brass foundry. This proved very successful, and was 
carried on by successive members of the family until about . . . 
years ago, when Messrs. William Stokes and John Smith 



14 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

became the proprietors. It still maintains a high reputation 
for the excellence of its brass-work. It is said to be one of the 
oldest manufactories in England. 

Among the callings exercised in the time of Elizabeth and 
James I., as we learn from the Registers, were sherman, carver, 
glover, trowman, parchment-maker, bargemaker, wire-maker, 
bowyer, fletcher (maker of arrows), cutler, cooper, walker 
(fuller), farrier, haberdasher, tailor, collier, joiner, dy^r, vintner, 
carpenter, cardmaker, butcher, baker, mason, fishmonger, glass 
carrier, staymaker, bedder, clothmaker, saddler, lathmaker, 
capper, tanner, shoemaker, brickmaker, weaver, fisher, aqua 
vitse man, and a salt peter man. 

Weavers of sacking and bombazine used to reside on the 
Wyre Hill. The making of combs, drinking- cups, and other 
articles of horn has been carried on for more than a century, 
and now remains as the chief special manufacture of the town. 

The market has dwindled by degrees, and instead of 32 
butchers holding stalls in the shambles there are now only 2, 
Formerly the barley market, shambles, and butter cross formed 
a long range of timber buildings, filling up the middle of Load 
Street. They were taken down in 1783. 

We have seen that as early as 141 2 the men of Bewdley had 
become bold watermen and owned large barges or trows. Lat- 
terly a great part of the carrying trade both by land and river 
came into their hands, and they had the best boats and best 
crews on the river.* Merchants from Bristol, then the first sea- 
port in the kingdom, established depots for their goods in Bewd- 
ley and Wribbenhall. Large storehouses were built, and the 
wares were conveyed by long trains of pack-horses to the inland 
towns, and returned bringing Manchester, Sheffield, and other 
goods to be shipped down the Severn to the seaports and West 
of England. Many old houses here have extensive buildings in 
the rear, now almost disused. ** The number of malt houses," 
says Nicholls, ** in several parts of the town points out another 
very extensive object of trade, the chief markets for which were 
some parts of Shropshire, towards Tenbury and Ludlow ; but 

* Dugdale's " England and Wales Delineated," vol. i, p. 162. 



RISE OF TOWN S^ DESCENT OF MANOR. 



15 



in later times a turnpike road having been made through those 
towns to Worcester, the demands from Bewdley were much 
lessened.'* Had the Worcestershire and Staffordshire Canal 
joined the Severn here, as it was once intended it should, Bewd- 
ley would no doubt have become a place of great trade. But 
unfortunately the inhabitants petitioned against the canal, and 
thus inflicted a blow on their town from which it has never 
recovered. In 1797 seventeen regular ** Trows" went weekly 
to and from Bristol and Bewdley, and twenty-eight to and from 
Bristol and Stourport. Thus the larger portion of the carrying 
trade and commerce was intercepted by the rising little town at 
the mouth of the Stour. 

« 

Before 1801 the population can only be calculated roughly. 
The number of baptisms from Jan., 1864, to Jan., 1871, was 534, 
and the population 3021. The number corresponding to this 
for the 7 years ending Jan., 1602, was 434, and the proportional 
population would be 2450. At Kidderminster the baptisms for 
the 7 years ending 1602 amounted to 392, which would betoken 
a population of 2200. Below is a table*'of population of Bewd- 
ley as given by the census returns 

1 801 
i8ri 



1821 
1831 
1851 
1861 
1871 
1881 



3671 

3454 

3725 
3908 

3327 
2905 

3021 
3342 



The rateable value of the Borough is £8155 12s, 6d. Number 
of municipal electors, 501 ; parliamentary ditto, 1276. Death 
rate 15 per thousand. 




i6 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



^be Cbapel. 



^^ 




ELAND relates that a privilege of sanctuary was 
formerly given to Bewdley ; and this statement is 
confirmed by the preamble to a Bill of Forfeiture 
against Thomas Crofte passed in the Parliament 
of 7 Henry VII. (1491). It sets forth that the 
said Thomas Crofte had " commytted a detest- 
able murder within the Marches of Wales, and thereupon is 
fledde, and hath taken the Sanctuary of Beaudeley.*'* 

The town of Bewdley was extra-parochial, until by a private 
Act of Parliament made in the reign of Henry VI. it was put 
within the parish of Ribbesford. Later still by statute 34 and 
35 Henry VIII. , c. 26 — " An Act for certain ordinances in the 
King*s Majesty's dominion & principalitie of Wales" — it was 
enacted that Bewdley should form part of Worcestershire, and 
be within the Hundred of Dodingtre. 

As a sanctuary town it would afford a refuge for those 
escaping from justice ; and tradition relates that it was these 
fugitives who first built the Chapel in the town that they might 
receive the consolations of religion without going beyond their 
bounds. 

There is also a tradition that the oldest chapel in the town 
was situated at the foot of the bridge nearly opposite the 
** Saracen's Head." Dr. Prattinton says that a small building 
in Ross's S.E. view of the Bridget was reported to have been 



* Rot. Pari., 7 Hy. VII., in vol. 6, p. 441a. t See Frontispiece. 



THE CHAPEL. 17 



the chapel, though in his time it was used as a hearse-house. 
Mr. Hayley had heard, when a boy, that this building was the 
oldest in the town ; and in the Court Rolls of 1748 this locality 
was called St. Anne's Corner. Small chapels were often built 
near Bridges, but Leland's account shows plainly that in his 
time the chief chapel was situated on its present site at the top 
of Load Street. " In the towne," he says, " is but a Chapel of 
Ease, and that is of Timber, in the heart of the towne." The 
chapel of old was dedicated to St. Andrew,"^ and it contained 
three chantries, each provided with its own chaplain. The 
chantry of St. Mary was on the S. side of the chancel and of 
the same length with it. Its gross annual value in 1545 was 
£^ 3s. 4^. On the N. side of the chancel were the two other 
chantries : one of St. Anne — ^valued at £g ^s. 4^. — ^founded by 
John Washbournt, and the other of the Holy Trinity — ^valued 
at £(^ 3s. 6i. In a conveyance of the manor of Dowles in 1544 
one part is called " Trynytie Ground, now or late in the occu- 
pation of William Weston, Warden of the Guylde of Holly 
Trinytie in the Churche of Bewdeley." In 1553 the Incumbents 
of two of the chantries, viz., William Weston and Humphrey 
Mallet, were living, and received pensions of £6 each from 
Queen Mary. 

Between the two chantries on the north side of the chancel 
went up a flight of steps from the street into the chancel. A 
Mrs. Holl told Dr. Prattinton in 1808 that there were houses 
under the chancel. J This explains the curious entry in the 
accounts for 1596 for expenses incurred in mending the " hole 
out of the Chancell into Mersour Tavarn." § 

The chapel was probably built about the time of Henry VI. 
It was a plain timber structure, and houses were built close up 
to it nearly all round. ^Perhaps this accounts for the fact that 
though it was standing till 1745, no known illustration of it has 
come down to us. 

* Ecton's Thesaurus (1742), p. 223 ; Bacon's Liber Regis (1786), p. 379. 

t This was probably John Washborne, Lord of Washborne and Stanford, 
eldest son of Peter Washborne (living 28 Edw. III.) and Isold daughter of 
Thomas Hanley, of Hanley Castle, heir to his uncle John Washborne (son and 
heir of Sir Robert Washborne, Kt.) He died at Wichenford 13 May, 1454. 
His only daughter Isold married John Salwey, and from them are descended 
the Salweys of Moor Park, the Winningtons of Stanford, and the Ingrams of 
Ribbesford. 

J See Accounts. § Ditto, 1596. 



i8 A HISTORY OF EEWDLEY. 

Habingdon, who died in 1647, describes the painted glass 
and inscriptions which were in the chapel in his time. In the 
east window of the chancel were four panes — in the second, 
France and England with label of three argent, on each as 
many torteaux supported with two falcons close arg., the vervels 
and bells or, having heads of angels covered with Dukes* crowns 
or. (Arms of Richard Duke of York, father of Edward IV.) On 
the third, an inescutcheon of four coats — i, York; 2, England 
within a bordure arg. (Holland Earl of Kent) ; 3, Mortimer 
with an inescutcheon arg. ; 4, Or, a cross gules (De Burgh Earl 
of Ulster) — ^the arms of Duke of York quartering Holland his 
grandmother, Mortimer his mother, with De Burgh in right of 
Philippa of Clarence. In fourth pane, G)n:onne of twelve argent 
and gules (Peverell).* In the lower part of the first pane : 
•* Orate pro animabus Richardi Herina " — ^the rest broken 
out. In the highest part of the window : ** Ora pro animabus 

JOHANNIS GyBBYS, ET ISABELLiE, ET PRO DOMINO DaVID GyBBYS, 

rectore matricis ECCLEsiiE."t Also : "Orate pro bono 
WiLLiELMi Bradmaker." In the east window of the north 
aisle were four panes. In the second were arms of France and 
England supported with a bull sable horned or and a lion 
arg. (Arms of Edward IV. : the lion was one of Mortimer's 
supporters, the bull Clarence's.) In third pane 6 coats blazoning 
the arms of Elizabeth Queen of Edward IV. In first pane, 
France and England quarterly label of three, ostrich feathers 
(Edward Prince of Wales). In fourth pane, France and Eng- 
land, label of three, on each many torteaux, on both sides a 
falcon arg. beaked and legged or (Richard Duke of York). 
Under the window was inscribed : ** Orate pro bono statu 

Joh'iS WiGLOND ET JOHANNiE UXORIS EJUS QUI HANG FENESTRAM 

FIERI FEGERUNT." In the highest south window of the Lady 
Chapel were three panes : in the middle one, the Virgin Mary 
with our Saviour in her arms ; in the dexter, a prince with a 
cap of maintenance and a book under his left arm, subscribed 
" Crispiniane ;" in the sinister, a nobleman with a shoemaker's 
cutting-knife in his right hand, subscribed " Crispine." In 
another window was written : " Glowgeser gorneser, Righar- 



* This coat is still in Ribbesford Church. 

t David Gybbes was Rector of Ribbesford 1467— 1507. 



THE CHAPEL, u) 



Dus Taylor corneser, Johannes Hawll corneser." The 
arms — sable, three goats' heads erased arg. horned or. In 
another, under some figures kneeling, this inscription : ** Orate 

PRO BONO STATU JOHANNIS WiGLAND . . . QUI SUNT FUNDATORES 

Hujus CAPELLiE." In another were the figures of three dead 
persons in their winding-sheets in an erect posture. Over the 
first : " SucHE as ye bin so weare wee." Over the second : 
" As WEE BIN SHALL YEE BEE." Over the third : ** Take yee 
WHICH OF US three." Under a painting in another window : 
** William Monnox et Alice uxor ejus, et Johannes Bonner 
ET Isabella uxor ejus." 

The arms of the Corporation were also in the chapel, and 
Habingdon describes them thus : " Argent, an anchor az, 
through a tun or, on the dexter point a sword in chief of the 
second hilted of the third ; on the sinister, a rose gu., with a 
branch slipped vert."* This description does not agree in some 
respects with the present Corporation seal and other copies of 
the arms of the borough as carved on the Bridge, Town Hall, 
&c. The blazoning of the arms of Bewdley as given by Edmond- 
son is : " Ar., an anchor in pale az., the ring or ; the anchor 
surmounted with a fetterlock of the second ; within the fetter- 
lock, on the dexter side of the anchor, a sword erect of the last, 
hilt and pomel or ; on the sinister side of the anchor a rose gu." 
Edmondson differs from Habingdon chiefly in substituting a 
** fetterlock" for a ** tun." The fetterlock was one of the badges 
of Edward IV., who granted the charter and arms to the town. 




* Nash, vol. ii., p. 284. 



20 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

Previous to the Reformation there were, as has been stated, 
three endowed chantries, each served by its own priest ; and to 
two of them at least guilds were attached, of which the priests 
acted as wardens. Guilds were formerly very common in 
Europe, and were societies of a semi-religious character.* None 
of the trades assembled to form fraternities without ranging 
themselves under the banner of some saint. The Guild of 
** Cornesers, Cordwainers, or Cobelers" t at Bewdley se2ms to 
have chosen the Virgin Mary as its patroness, and to have 
founded the Chantry of St. Mary. SS. Crispin and Crispinian, 
the patrons of shoemakers, were naturally also honoured with 
figures in this chantry. 

In the reign of Edward VI. guilds were suppressed, under 
the pretence of their being nurseries of treason and conspiracy, 
and their property was vested in the Crown. Bewdley chapel 
was thus deprived of its income, which would probably in these 
days have amounted to ;^4oo per annum. Queen Mary as a 
compensation settled a yearly stipend of £^ upon the chaplain, 
which is still paid out of the revenues of the county af 
Worcester. 

The Chapel Wardens* accounts now come to our help, and 
from them we gather a few gleanings concerning ecclesiastical 
matters, commencing at a period of only 12 years after the 
restoration of Protestantism. The chaplain in 1569 was Sir 
Thomas Warter, whose whole stipend was £1 1 per annum and 
65. 8i. for a house. Clergymen were formerly styled Sir ; but 
the title was gradually disused about this period. J 

Mary Queen of Scots, the next in succession to the throne, 
was a Romanist, and men's minds were still undecided as to 
which faith would ultimately triumph.. In the year in which 
the accounts commence was the Rebellion of the two Earls in 
the North, when at Durham cathedral the communion table 

* •• Gild," says Wright, " is the Saxon for money, and fraternities were 
called guilds because at first when they associated for chafrity, religion, or 
merchandise they cast their money together for the common charge. They 
had annual feasts at which they chose new officers ; and they maintained 
priests to say mass for the living and the dead of their society. From these 
sprang the guilds of corporations and cities, and the place in which they 
assembled was called their guild-hall." 

t '• Cobbler" was not then a word of contempt. 

} 1570, •• Sir Thomas Warter ;" 1574, '* Mr. Warter ;" 1581, •• Thomas 
Warter, Clerk." 



THE CHAPEL. 21 



was thrown down and the English Bible torn into pieces. A 
homily-book against the Rebels was read in Bewdley chapel. 
The Romish vestments, which had been treasured up for 14 
years, were disposed of in 1572, when the collapse of the Rebel- 
lion showed that the Reformation was of a really national cha- 
racter. A communion cup was bought in the same year for 
four guineas ; also a napkin for the chalice. 

The Bishop of Worcester was at Bewdley in 1572, and Mr. 
Heward of the Crown supplied him with refreshments. The 
visit next year of the Bishop of Hereford is noticed, because 
65. 8i. was paid " for wyne and suger to make my Lorde Bishop 
drinke." 

From time to time companies of strolling actors came into 
the neighbourhood, such as the Queen's Players (1572), the 
Earl of Leicester's Players (1573), my Lord President's Players 
(1593) 5 and as there was no other building in the town of suffi- 
cient size, they seem to have been permitted to make use of the 
chapel for their exhibitions ! The entry in 1572 runs : — ** Paid 
unto the quenes plaiers in the church — 6s. 8i." It was the 
custom for companies of comedians to put themselves under 
the patronage'of distinguished persons, whose ** servants " they 
styled themselves ; and these visitors to Bewdley seem certainly 
to have been actors of stage plays, however profane the custom 
of turning a church into a theatre may seem to us in these days. 
When Gosson wrote his School of Abuse in 1579, dramatic enter- 
tainments were usually exhibited on Sundays ; and Mr. J. P. 
Collier's History of Dramatic Poetry shows that the Bewdley 
custom, though rare, was not altogether unknown in England. 
He says (page 145) : — " It is as certain that churches and 
chapels of monasteries were the earliest theatres as that eccle- 
siastics were the earliest actors of stage-plays : when the one 
practice or the other was discontinued we have no distinct 
evidence. From the following passage in a tract printed in 
1572, it appears that even then interludes were occasionally 
played in churches : the author is speaking of the manner in 
which the clergy neglect their duties :— * He againe posteth it 
(the service) over as fast as he can gallop ; for either he hath 
two places to serve, or else there are some games to be played 
in the afternoon, as lying for the whetstone, heathenishe 



22 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

■ -t — ■ — ■ - ■ - ■ ■ ■ ■ — ■ ■ , .^ 

dauncing for the ring, a beare or a bull to be bayted, or else 
jack-an-apes to ryde on horseback, or an enUrlude to he played ; 
and if no place else can be gotten, it must he doom in the church,^ " 

In 1582 twenty shillings was laid out in " glassing " the 
chapel. In 1583 comes the first mention of pew-rents, which 
was 25. 6d, for the half-year. Extensive repairs were made to 
the organ in 1585. 

One of the old chantries appears to have been set apart for 
the use of the Lord President of the Marches and his Council, 
and the floor of it was well strewn with rushes (1580). The 
floor of the chapel was only bare earth till 1592, when 4000 tiles 
were brought from Bristol to pave it. 

The Bishops of Hereford and Worcester were at Bewdley 
together in 1593. A gallon of beer costing 4^. was given to the 
Bishop of the diocese, in addition to the wine and sugar offered 
to both Bishops. Dr. Lewis was presented with a pottel of 
wine and sugar and metkeglin. 

In 1594 a new surplice was made from 9 J ells of cloth, at a 
cost of £1 los. gd. In 1595 five ounces of fringe for the pulpit 
cloth were bought for 125. 6d, In 1596 the bells were rung at 
the coming to Bewdley of Henry Earl of Pembroke, Lord 
President of the Marches, accompanied by his wife, sister of 
the famous Sir Philip Sydney. She was a lady of most culti- 
vated mind, and her influence and popularity in Bewdley are 
strongly shown. A vacancy occurred in the office of chaplain, 
and at the Countess's recommendation the Rev. Walter Sweeper 
was appointed. The townswomen gave a present to her Lady- 
ship of the value of ;^io is., equivalent to certainly £^0 of the 
present money. We are not told what the gift consisted of in 
1596, but two years later, on the occasion of a further visit, the 
townswomen gave her one sugar loaf, two boxes of comfits, and 
four boxes of marmalade, the total value being £1 los. 7^.* 

* It was to this lady that Sir Philip Sydney's Arcadia was dedicated ; 
and when she died, in 1621, Ben Jonson wrote the following lines for her 
tomb in Salisbury cathedral — 

" Underneath this marble herse 
Lies the subject of all verse — 
Sidney's sister, Pembroke's mother. 
Death, ere thou hast slain another, 
Wisd, and fair, and good as she, 
Time shall throw a dart at thee." 



THE CHAPEL. 23 



In 1600 some mending was done to " stop out the boys in the 
loft." In 1604 the " waytes " and bell ringing welcomed the 
entry of Lord Zouche, the new President, into the town. Also 
a new Prayer-book, containing the results of the Hampton 
Court Conference, was bought for the chapel. In 1605 a flagon 
pot of tin was bought, and the church was painted. In 1607 
the bells were rung for the first time on " the 5th of November." 
In 1620 special mention is made of the " women's seats " 
in the church, showing that the division of the sexes is not a 
modern innovation. In 1632 long sermons were the fashion, 
and an hour-glass was set up, so that the preacher might know 
when to finish his discourse. In 1642 the gunpowder was 
removed from the chapel into the Court-house ! The Civil 
War was now beginning, and the Chapel Wardens* accounts 
and Ribbesford registers contain many allusions to the stirring 
events. Prince Rupert's first entry into Bewdley was in Sept., 
1643. The bells were rung ; and a hogshead of claret presented 
to him by the town. In 1644 on Tuesday, June 11, King 
Charles I. came to Bewdley, and stayed three days at Ticknell. 
He attended service in Bewdley chapel, and the Bailiffs seat 
was set apart for his use. The King was in Bewdley again on 
June 17 and 18, 1645, and slept at the Angel Inn. 

In 1648 a heated religious controversy arose between John 
Tombes, minister of Bewdley, and the famous Richard Baxter, 
of Kidderminster, concerning infant baptism. Wood says, 
** They frequently disputed face to face, and their followers were 
like two armies, which led to a breach of the peace, and the 
civil power was obliged to interfere." Baxter's own account is 
as follows : — " Mr. John Tombs of Bewdley was reputed the 
most able and learned Anabaptist in England. We kept fair 
correspondence for a long time, and I studiously avoided all 
debates with him about infant baptism ; but after a day's dis- 
pute at Bewdley my hearers were more settled and- the course 
of his infection stopped, Mr. Tombs and I agreed to meet at 
the Church in Bewdley on Jan. 7, 1648, where from nine o'clock 
in the morning till five o'clock at night, before a crowded con- 
gregation, we continued our dispute, which was very free in 
managing our arguments from infants* right of Chiirch member- 
ship to their right of baptism." An allusion to this dispute 



24 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

will be found in the accounts, where it appears money was laid 
out afterwards in mending the seats. Also a quart of sack was 
given to Mr. Tombes, and a quart to another minister. 

In 1650 the triumph of the Rebellion was complete, and ten- 
pence was spent in " putting out" the King's arms. Soon after 
the departure of Tombes the Baptist, Henry Oasland, a Pres- 
byterian, was appointed minister, and infant baptism was 
resumed in the church. The annual stipend of £^ was for a 
few years during the Commonwealth received from the Rectory 
of Ombersley instead of from the county ; and was augmented 
by the town to £60. 

In 1660 came the Restoration, and the King's arms were set 
up again at a cost of £2 10s, A new ring of bells was purchased 
the same year. 

About 1696 Salwey Winnington, Esq., M.P. for Bewdley, 
built a stone tower to the chapel. 

In 1720 a dispute arose between the Corporation and the 
Rector of Ribbesford about the right of presentation to the 
chaplaincy. The Corporation repaired the chapel, and paid 
all expenses ; and up to this time had appointed the chaplain.* 
In stating their case they claimed that the chaplain was really 
independent of the Rector. ** Mr. Hammonds,! however, being 
a man of letters, life, and parts, by request of many good people 
in the town, did frequently preach at the chapel ; but when he 
was by Mr. Bailiff Smith and Chaplain Heath locked out, and 
not permitted to go up into the pulpit to preach, he did not look 
at this force as any injury done to right : but that some in the 
town were disaffected to him and unwilling of his labors in the 
chapel." Counsel's opinion was, that this being a chapel of 
ease to Ribbesford, the proper patron was the Rector, and the 
Corporation acknowledged his right under their common seal. 

In 1745 it was decided to pull down the chapel and tower 
and build a new one of stone. The tower was rebuilt at the 
expense of the Rev. Thomas Knight, Rector of Ribbesford. 



* See Chapel Wardens' Accounts 1634, and Corporation Books, 
t Rector of Ribbesford 1614 — 1630. 



THE CHAPEL. 25 



The new chapel cost about ;^22oo, towards which William 
Bowles, Esq., M.P., contributed ;^i300. In response to a brief 
in aid of the building fund 9517 parishes contributed ;f6o7 
4s. gi., or an average of 15. 3^^. each. The balance was raised 
by voluntary subscriptions in the town, and the chapel was 
opened on Lady Day, 1748. There appears to be no record of 
its consecration ; and the dedication has been changed at some 
time from St. Andrew to St. Anne. 

In 1780 the bells were re-cast and the chimes were added. 
The treble weighs 5 cwt. and the tenor 16 cwt. 2 qrs. 6 lbs. The 
bells bear the following inscriptions : — 

1. When you us Ring we'll sweetly sing 

2. Fear God and honour the King 

3. Prosperity to this town. 

4. Samuel Skey Bailifife 

5. Samuel Kenrick Justice 

6. Thomas Rudhall Founder Glocester 

7. Nathaniel Adey Bridgewarden 

8. Right Honble Lord Westcote High Steward for the 

Borough of Bewdley. 

In 1837 the edifice was repaired at an expense of ;^iooo, and 
600 free sittings were added. It was renovated in 1871, and 
again improved in 1879, when a stained glass window was put 
in the chancel in memory of the Rev. John Fortescue, the late 
Vicar. In 1852 a district was assigned to this chapel, which 
thus became a parish church, but the endowment still consisted 
only of the £^ granted by Queen Mary, and of about ^17 left 
by Richard Vickriss in 1661. The Incumbent was dependent 
almost entirely upon the precarious income from pew rents. 
In 1880, however, Mrs.Fortescue purchased Lower Park House 
for ;^2ooo, and presented it to the Church for a Vicarage. This 
generosity was met by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners with a 
grant of £^0 per annum. In August, 1882, Mrs. Fortescue by 
will left a further sum of about £iSoo to be invested for the 
benefit of this church. 

Richard Clare, who had a tanyard by Doglane Brook, by will 
dated May 10, 1618, left los. yearly for a sermon to be preached 
annually in the chapel on the first Sunday in the year " to re- 
mind people of their mortality." 
3 



26 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



Incumbents of Bewdley Chapel, 

William Weston, Chantry Priest, 1547. 
Humphrey Mallett, Chantry Priest, 1547. 
Sir Thomas Warter (1569)... 5^/. Aug. i, 1593. 
George Sowthall, 1593 — 1596. 
Walter Sweeper, 1596. 

Yardley, 

Lewis Morris (1605),. rS^/. May 7, 161 1* 

Underhill. 

Heath, 1615. 

Wright. 

William Madstard. 
Manoah Sharrard, 1625 — 1634. 
Robert Morton, 1635 — 1646. 
John Tombes, 1646 — 1649. 
Edward Bury, 1649 — 1650. 
Henry Oasland, 1650 — 1662. 
Thomas Soley, 1663 — 1669. 
Sares Boylston, 1669 — 1672. 
Thomas Boraston...5^/. July 27, 1706. 
John Hassall (i72o)...s^/. 1739. 
Thomas Howard, 1731 — 1778. 
William Burrell Hayley, 1778 — 1780. 
Edward Baugh, 1780— 1 814. 

John Cawood, 1814 — 1852. 
John Fortescue, 1852 — 1879. 
William Owen Parker Ford, 1879. 



'•'^^ 



THE BRIDGE. 



27 







HE little round boats of wicker- work lined with 
skins — called coracles — are still in use on the 
Severn at Bewdley. Another means of crossing 
the river here in bygone times would be afforded 
by the Lax* or Salmon ford.t 

In 131 3 the only bridge between Gloucester 
and Bridgenorth was at Worcester. J 

In 1447, as has been already stated, the Bishop of Worcester 
was granting 40 days' indulgence to all contributors to a bridge 
which had been lately built at Bewdley. William of Worcester, 
whose collections were made about 1478, describes the bridge 
in his time as "id Arboribus;" ^ but the following title of a 
record in the Tower, cited by Nash (vol. 11., app. Ixxiv.), would 
show that in 1460 it was not built entirely of timber : — ** Wigorn* 
Civitas de omnibus lapidibus pontis de Bewdley et castr' Wigorn' concess* 
ad reparand' muros, 38 Hy. VI.'* Bewdley being a Yorkist town, 
the stones of the bridge may have been carried off during the 



* Lax is the Norse word for a salmon. German Lacks. 

t Nash tells us (vol. i., page Ixxxv.) that " many persons in Worcestershire 
when they bound their children apprentices thought it necessary to insert an 
article that the master should not feed them with salmon more than twice a 
week." All search for indentures containing this proviso has hitherto been 
made in vain, but an entry in the account book of a Mr. Momas, of Stour- 
bridge, shows that formerly this noble fish must have been very cheap and 
plentiful here. It runs : •' 24 Nov. 1703 Paid Fosbrooke's daughter 
Bewdley for a salmon 151b. 25. 8i." (Prattinton.) 

} Thomas's Bishops of Worcester, p. 160. 

§ Nasmyth's edition, 1778, p. 263. 



28 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

II' ■ ■ .,,,.111... ■ I , I »— ■— 

Wars of the Roses to repair the walls of Worcester ; and we 
know that just at this time Bewdley had been seized by the 
Lancastrians (page 6 ante). If the bridge was demolished in 
1460, it would have been replaced by the timber structure men- 
tioned by William of Worcester a few years later. 

The next notice concerning the bridge is contained in a man- 
date issued by Richard III.* : — ** To our trusty & well-beloved 
Squier Ric. Croft, know that we have granted the sum of xx 
marks towards the making of the Brigge of Beaudeley, & have 
appointed you to pay the same to Walter Res, Wardeyn of the 
said brigge, &c. Feb. 4 Anno primo (1483)." There is nothing 
recorded of the building of a bridge here later than this till 
1798, so that the bridge erected or repaired in the time of 
Richard III. would be substantially the same as that which was 
standing till the end of last century. Leland, whose Itinerary 
was begun about 1538, says : — " I entered into Beaudley in 
Shropshire as some say, by a goodly fayre bridge over Severne 
of [5] great Arches stone, being even then in new reparation,'' 

The illustration of the bridge given in this book is taken from 
a copy of one of the two sketches made by James Ross just 
before its demolition. The original pictures are preserved in 
the Council Chamber of the Town -hall. 

On the middle pier stood a gate-house of timber, with strong 
gates on the Wribbenhall side. The north end served as a 
dwelling-house for the toll-gatherer ; and the other was used 
for a Corporation prison, and was called the Bridge-house. 

Two officers were appointed year by year to see that the 
bridge was kept in proper repair : this office was in existence 
as early as 1483. Latterly the charge of the chapel, which was 
Corporation property, was also entrusted to them ; and we are 
fortunate in having a complete set of their accounts extending 
from 1569 to 1663. Extracts from these accounts are given in 
the Appendix, and it will be seen that the Chapel-and-Bridge 
Wardens did not take a very narrow view of their functions. 
Venison -eating, wine-drinking, stage-plays, pillories, whipping- 
stocks, goomstools, weights and measures, trumpeters, bonfires, 
bell-ringing, plagues, ship-money, subsidies, excommunications, 

* Harl. MSS., No. 433, 1687. 



THE BRIDGE, 29 



schools, proclamations, conduits, entertainment of distinguished 
visitors — all these and more seem to have fallen within their 
province, in addition to their primary functions. 

In Nov., 1574, a heavy snowstorm carried away part of 
Bewdley bridge, and destroyed a great store of salt at Droit- 
wich. 

During the Civil Wars Bewdley bridge was an important 
strategic post. Immediately after the battle of Worcester 
(Sept. 3, 165 1 ) Major Mercer was sent with a strong party to 
take possession of it, and on Sept. 4th Cromwell wrote to the 
Parliament : — ** I believe the forces that lay through providence 
at Bewdley were in a condition to intercept the flying enemy.'* 
Mr. William Stokes (now living in Bewdley) was when a boy 
told by an old woman that her grandfather stood on Stagberry 
Hill, and heard the hubbub of the battle of Worcester, and saw 
the Royalists fleeing over Burlish Common. Richard Baxter 
says : — " Kiderminster being but 11 miles from Worcester the 
flying army past some. of them thro* the town & some by it. I 
was newly gone to bed, when the noise of the flying horse 
acquainted us of the overthrow : and a piece of one of Crom- 
well's troops that guarded Bewdley bridge, having tidings of it, 
came into our streets, & stood in the open market place, before 
my door, to surprise those that past by. And so when many 
hundreds of the flying army came together, when the 30 
troopers cried Stand; & fired at them, they either hasted away 
or cried quarter, not knowing in the dark what number it was 
that charged. And so, as many were taken there as so few men 
could lay hold on, and till midnight the bullets flying towards 
my door & windows, and the sorrowful fugitives hasting by for 
their lives, did tell me the calamitousness of war." 

The bridge appears to have suffered considerably in these 
rough times, and at a meeting of the Corporation, June 6, 1662, 
it was. determined that " Whereas an Arch of y« bridge is 
broken down in y*^ time of y® late warrs, the repaire whereof is 
likely to require a great charge much beyond what this borough 
is of itself able to beare, petition is to be made at sessions for 
assistance from the body of y*^ County." 



30 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



The old patch -work bridge managed to hold together till the 
spring of 1795, when, after a long-continued fall of snow, a 
sudden thaw raised a heavy flood in the Severn, and the pile 
that had withstood the floods of more than 300 winters at last 
gave way. The distinguished Telford was called upon to 
supply the design for a new structure. In place of five arches 
he made three — one of 60 feet span and two of 52 feet. He 
also placed his bridge a little higher up the river, so as to be in 
a line with Load Street, and this necessitated the pulling down 
of some houses then standing at the bottom of that street. The 
work was rapidly completed in 1798, and Telford wrote thus to 
a friend in December of that year : — " The drought of the 
summer was unfavourable to our canal working : but it has 
enabled us to raise Bewdley bridge as if by enchantment. We 
have thus built a magnificent bridge over the Severn in one 
season, which is no contemptible work for John Simpson * and 
your humble servant, amidst so many other great under- 
takings," 

The bridge, which cost altogether ;^i 1,000, was opened 
Sept. 28, 1 801. Miles Peter Andrews, then Member for the 
Borough, gave ;^3ooo towards its erection, and the following 



I 



gentlemen came forward to advance money on loan 

H. B. Childe . . 

Samuel Kendrick 
ohn Brookholding 
oseph Seager .. 
hos. Compton . . 

i. and W. Cartwright 
ohn Phillips 
'hos. Hayley . 
Wm. Lygon 
Rev. E. Baugh . 
John Simpson . 
Thomas Telford 
Sir E. Winnington 

Total ;f5i50. 



— t 



Sam. Baker 


. . /lOO 


oseph Crane . . 


100 


. H. Crane 


100 


Wm. Slaney 
Robt. Par doe . 


100 
250 


on. Skey 
oseph Child 
W. A. Roberts . , 


100 
250 
250 


Thos. Crane 


250 


Lord Lyttelton . 
Hon. E. Foley . 
Sir E. Winningto 
Wm. Bancks 


250 

250 

n . . 250 

250 


Elizabeth Clarke 


100 



/250 

150 
50 
50 

250 
250 
250 
250 
250 

50 
250 

250 

250 



Tolls were charged for passing over the bridge, and the right 
to collect these was let by the Corporation for ;^30o per annum. 
In 1834 ^h® bridge was free from debt, and the tolls were 
abolished. 



* His foreman of masons : buried in St. Chad's church, Shrewsbury, 
t NichoUs' Lecture on Bewdley. 



tic KNELL S- THE MARCHES' COURT, 



31 



^icftncll anb tbe Court of tbc 

flDarcbce* 




N the summit of a hill overlooking Bewdley is 

Ticknell House. It was formerly a Royal Palace, 

and many historical associations are connected 

with it. The name is evidently derived from the 

Saxon tican-hill or Goats' hill ; and this name has 

clung to it for many ages, though the goats have 

long since departed. An old poet describes the hill as 

" With Mercian Tow'rs adorn'd ;" 

but there is no historical evidence to give in support of this 
statement. 

From early times Ticknell formed a manor of itself, distinct 
from Bewdley, and belonged to the Mortimers.* The manor 
would imply a manor-house, and we may hazard a conjecture 
that the Mortimer whose coffin lid is now to be seen in Ribbes- 
ford church was the builder, or an early inhabitant, of Ticknell. 
This would perhaps be the man who about 1290, looking down 
upon the lovely Severn valley, with the hamlet of Wrbehale 
nestling at his feet, called it in his own tongue Beau-lieu. 

Leland gives us this description of Ticknell as it was in his 

time : — 

"There is a fayre Mannour place by West of the Towne standing in a 
goodly Parke well wooded, on the very Knappe of an hill that the Towne 
standeth on. This place is called Tickenhill. Whether there was an ancient 
house in tymes past or noe I am not assured ; but this that now is there is 

• 3 Hy. VI. Cal. Inq. iv., 93. "TykenhuU maner* extenta ampla; Beau- 
lieu villa; Sabrin* passag' ultra aqua: Wyre fforest' custod' ejusdem 
concess' Jo' de la More et hered. Salop. — Edmund de Mortimer, Earl 
of March." 



32 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

somewhat new, and as I heard, was in a manner totally erected by K. H. 7th. 
for Prince Arther. It was repaired for the Lady Marye. Since I heard 
that Rich. E. of Marche & D. of Yorke builded there. It was Mortimer 
£. of Marches land." 

Ticknell Palace was built largely of timber, and had a great 
court and garden with several out-buildings, the site altogether 
occupying two acres. There was a fine park belonging to it 
containing all the grounds of Ticknell, Kateshill, and Winter- 
dyne within one enclosure. According to a survey made in 
1 61 2 there were 3500 large oak trees growing in the park, and 
180 head of deer feeding in it. The stable belonging to the 
house, called the " King's Stable," was situated near Tinker's 
Gate.* It was a large timber building, often used as a shelter 
for the homeless (see Registers, 1599, &c.), but burnt down 
about 1 73 1. 

From Rymer's Fadera^ vol. xii., 756-762, we get the following 
description of the marriage of Prince Arthur to Catherine of 
Aragon : — 

" On 19th. May 1499 at 9 o'clock in the morning, after first mass (it being 
Whitsunday) in the Chapel within the manor of Prince Arthur situated and 
being near the town of Bewedelay in the diocese of Hereford. The Prince, 
Roderic Gundesalvi de Puebla, the Spanish orator and proctor to the Lady. 
Catherine, the Rt. Rev. William [Smyth] Bishop of Lincoln, President of 
the Prince's Council, & John [Arundel] Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry 
the Prince's Chancellor were assembled by appointment. The proceedings 
were opened by the Chancellor who (having stated that Dr. Richard Nic had 
the day before brought a letter from the king, expressing his Majesty's 
wishes for the marriage, & that Dr. de Puebla was then present with his 
proctor's commission from the Princess, & that the Pope had given his 
Dispensation) desired the Prince publickly to declare his mind upon the 
subject : to whom the Prince replied that he rejoiced at the wishes of his 
Parents & the Pope, & consented to the marriage taking place, for which he 
declared himself ' paratissimus.' Dr. de Puebla then declared himself 
equally ' most ready* to perform the ceremony on behalf of the Princess. 
The Chancellor then inquired of the Orator if he had sufficient authority, 
who immediately produced a Proctor's license signed by the Princess 
herself, with her seal enclosed in a wooden box attached to it by a green 
silk cord. This license was then read by Dr. Rd. Nic & was to this effect. 
•That she was betrothed to the Prince at Woodstock on the 15th. Aug. 1497, 
that the Pope's dispensation was signed Id. Feb. 1497, & that she appointed 
Roderic Gundisalvi de Puebla her Proctor generally and specially to perform 

* Close to the Peacock Inn. 



I 



TICKNELL S- THE MARCHES' COURT. 33 



the ceremony in her name, promising faithfully to abide by anything he 
should think right to do upon the occasion.' This deed was at Majoretum 
12 March 1499 signed by the Princess of Wales and the Secretary Michael 
Perez Dalmacon, Apostolic Notary, in the presence of Gutenius de Cardenas, 
Head Master of the Order of St. Jacob de Spata, Accomptant General of 
Castile, Anthonius de Fonseca Major Domo to the Princess Margaret, & 
Johannes de Velasquez Accompt. General to the Prince. After reading this 
the Prince put out his right hand, & took hold of the right hand of the 
Proctor (Richard Poole the Prince's Chamberlain holding both their hands 
conjoined) and declared that he received the Proctor in the name of the 
Lady Catherine & the Lady Catherine in her own person, as his true lawful 
& indubitable wife, promising from that hour so to treat & consider her. 
Their hands being disjoined, the Proctor went through the same ceremony 
& declared that he in the name of the Lady Catherine, took Prince Arthur 
as the true lawful & indubitable husband of the Lady Catherine, & in her 
name promised so to treat & consider him. The witnesses to this deed are 
Sir Rd. Poole the Prince's Chamberlain, Henry Vernon the Prince's Trea- 
surer, William Wodhall the Prince's Contra-rotulator, Thomas Poyntz, Dr. 
Rd. Nic King's Counsellor, Revd Robert the Prince's Almoner, Henry Reyn- 
ford Clerk of the Council, Bernard Andrew the Prince's Preceptor, Gundi- 
salvus Ferdinandi Rector, Martin Guerrerus, Alphonso of St. John, & Edward 
Halt. Signed John de Tamayo Apostolic Notary." 

The marriage was ratified by King Henry VII. at Calais, 
May 28th. 

After the marriage Prince Arthur continued to reside chiefly 
at Ticknell and Ludlow Castle ; and he was the last Prince of 
Wales who really exercised any sovereignty over his Princi- 
pality. Amongst other matters which he was called upon to 
arrange was a long-standing feud between the towns of Bewdley 
and Kidderminster. His decision is handed down to us in the 
following terms : — 

•• Ordinac'o*es fc'e int' hoH*es & InhHtantes ville de Bewdeley & InhHtantes ville de 
KiddermysUr 31 Jan. 9 Henry VII. Mem. That it is divised, ordayned, & 
determyned, att the Cittie of Hereford by the Counsaille of Prince Arthure 
the first begotten Son of our said Sovereigne Lord, for a finall concord love 
peace & amytie from hensforth to be had bytwene all th' inh'itants & resiants 
of the Towne of Bewdeley on the one part & all th' inhitants & resiants of 
the Towne of Kiddermyster on th' other ptie that they & every one of them 
shall obey observe fulfill & kepe the Articles hereafter ensuing. In eschuyng 
all maner gruggs, debats, variances or discords, that now been, or that here- 
after might happen to be between them for any old or new matters — First &c. . . 
item &c. . . . It is by the said Counsell ordeyned & determyned that if 



34 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

hereafter shall happen anie new grugg or variaunce to be betweene the 
inh'itantes of the said townes, that then they, nor anie of them, take upon them 
to justify or avenge their said quarrels, but alwaies from tyme to tyme when 
and as often as the cause shall so require, come & resort unto the said 
Prynce & his Counsell, ther to show the causes of the same variaunces, & to 
abide obei & fulfill the direction & determinacioun at all seasons that shal be 
therein taken by the said Prince & his Counsell. — In witness whereof & of 
all the p' misses the said Prince hath hereunto putt his signett, the right 
reverend Father in God the Bishop of Ely, president of his Counsaill with 
other of the same Counsaill, have subscribed & put to their hands the daie & 
yeare before rehearsed. 

'•Jo. Ely R. Powes R. Croft 

*• RoBT. Frost T. Poyntz Newton"* 



The following extracts from Churton's Life of Bishop Smyth 
are given as evidence that the Prince did really reside and hold 
his Court at Bewdley : — 

'• 1500. When he [Bp. Smyth] had proceeded a day's journey on his way 
to Lincoln he was overtaken at Litchfield by express from the King, which 
obliged him to return to Bewdley, in order to direct certain arduous a£fairs 
of the Prince of Wales, who was then at Bewdley, where he had for some 
time kept his court." f 

Again in 1501. •• Prince Arthur wrote to the University of Oxford request- 
ing that his servant John Stanley might be elected superior Bedel of the 
University. Given under our signett at the manor of Beaudley the 12 day 
of August. "t 

After little more than a year of happy wedded life this hope- 
ful Prince died in Ludlow Castle, April 2, 1502. 

•• The Corps was boielled and well siesed, and conveniently dressed with 
spices & other sweet stuff. It needed no lead : but was chested, which chest 
was covered with a good black cloth with a white cross, & sufl&cient rings of 
iron to the same. 

•* The Corpse was removed on St. Mark's day (Ap. 25) from Ludlow to 
Beaudeley : it was the foulist could windy & rayney day, & the worst way. 
Yea in some places fayne to take oxen to drawe the chare so ill was the way. 
And as soon as he was in the Chapell of Beaudley there, and set in the 

• Blakeway MSS. 
t Page 113. 
} Page 170. 



TICKNELL & THE MARCHES' COURT. 35 



Quire, therewith such lights as might be for that room the Dirige * began. 
That don the Lords & others went to their Dyner, for it was a fasting day. 
On the morning the Earl of Surry officiated at the Masse of requiem. A 
Noble in manner as before [at Ludlow] at which Mass season there was a 
general Dole of Pens, of two Pens to every poor Man & Woman. From 
Beaudley Sir Richard Croft & Sir William Overdale, Steward & Controller 
of the Prince's Horse, rode before to Worcester." f 

About twenty years after the death of Prince Arthur, Tick- 
nell Palace was repaired by Henry VIII. as a residence for his 
daughter, the Princess Mary. The weekly accounts of work- 
men employed amounted in eighteen weeks to /"354 S^* 5i^'» 
and this was at a time when a labourer's wages were about 4^^. 
a day. Amongst the rooms mentioned in the palace are " My 
Lady's Own Chamber," " My Lord President's Chamber," and 
** The Prince's Chamber." There is also an account of a pay- 
ment of 25. 3^. for the carriage of twenty-seven loads of bows . 
and arrows, gunpowder, guns, stones, and harness from the 
manor of Ticknell to the town of Bewdley. 

In the early part of the reign of Edward VI. Ticknell appears 
to have been in possession of Lord Seymour, brother of the 
Protector Somerset ; and it probably came to him on his 
marriage with Queen Catherine Parr, widow of Henry VI 1 1. 
The State Papers (vol. vi.) contain a deposition made by Edward 
Rouse concerning certain orders given by Seymour for keeping 
his house at Bewdley, in Shropshire. When Seymour was 
executed (March 20, 1549) the manor would revert to the 
Crown. 

After the death of Prince Arthur other eminent men were 
appointed from time to time to administer justice within the 
«* Marches" % or border-land between England and Wales. The 
exact limit of their jurisdiction is not very clearly defined ; and 
indeed disputes about it were of common occurrence in olden 
times. Much curious information concerning the history and 

* Dirge : from dirige gressus meos in Psalm cxvi. g, which was used in the 
Office of the Dead. 

t From MS. of the time now in College of Arms. 

X From •• Mark," a boundary — a fief held by the tenure of defending it 
against aggression \ whence we get Mark graf. Margrave, Marquess, Marchess. 



36 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



extent of the ** Marches of Wales" has been gathered by Sir 
G. Duckett, Bart., and printed in vol. xii. of the Archaologia 
Cambrensis, We are indebted to him for the following 

List of Lords President of Wales. 

17 E. IV. — The King sent his son Prince Edward to reside there, 
under the tuition of the Lord Ri^.;*s, his uncle; & Joseph 
Alcock, Bishop of Worcester, was made President. 
17 H. 7. — Dr William Smith, Bishop of Lincoln. 
4 Hen. 8. — ^Jeffery Blyth, Bp. of Coventry & Lichfield. 
7 Hen. 8. — ^Jo. Vosy (Voysey, Voiscie, or Vesey), Bp. of Exeter. 

27 Hen. 8. — Roland Lee, Bp. of Coventry and Lichfield. 

34 Hen. 8. — Richard Sampson, Bp. of Chester. berland). 

2 E. 6. — John Dudley, E. of Warwick (afterwards D. of Northum- 
4 E. 6. — William, E. of Pembroke. 

I Mary. — Nicholas Heath, Bp. of Worcester (afterwards Archbishop 
of York, & Lord Chancellor of England). 

3 Mary. — William E. of Pembroke. 

6 Mary. — Gilbert Browne (or Bourne), Bp. of Bath & Wells. 

1 Eliz. — Sir John Williams, Lord Williams of Thame. 

2 Eliz. — Sir Henry Sidney, K.G., and Lord Lieut, of Ireland. He 

was 24 years Lord President of Wales (during which time John 
Whitgift, Bp. of Worcester & Abp. of Canterbury, & Henry Earl 
of Pembroke, son-in-law to Sir H. Sidney, were Vice- 
Presidents). 

28 Eliz. — Henry Earl of Pembroke (1586 — 1601). 
I James I. — Edward Lord Zouche (1602 — 6). 

4 James I. — Ralph, Lord Eure, Baron of Wilton (1607 — 16). 

14 James I. — Baron Gerard of Gerard's Bromley, Stafts (1616 — 17). 

15 James I. — Earl of Northampton (1617 — 25 — 30). 

9 Charles I. — ^John Earl of Bridgewater (1633 — 39 — 49). 
13 Charles II. — Richard Vaughan, Earl of Carbery (1661 — 66 — 71). 
24 Charles II. — Henry Somerset, Marquis of Worcester, created 
Duke of Beaufort (1672 — 87). 
I W. & M. — Charles Gerard, Earl of Macclesfield (1689), last Lord 
President. 

A reference to this list will explain many of the entries in the 
Chapel-and-Bridge Wardens' accounts. Ludlow was the town 
specially fixed for the sitting of the Court in winter time ; but 
the Palace of Ticknell was kept up for the use of the Lords 
President, and from various sources we learn that the Court 
must have been held here nearly every summer. One of the 
reasons assigned for granting the charter of James L to Bewdley 
is that it is the ** frequent abode and residence of our Council 
in the Marches of Wales." 



TIC KNELL S- THE MARCHES' COURT, 37 

On May 6, 1559, Sir Hugh Paulet (father of Sir Amias Paulet, custodian 
of Mary Queen of Scots) wrote to William Cecil, " I hope to be with the 
Bishop of Bath at Bewdley before Whitsunday." — State Papers, vol ix. 

On Jan. 25, 1563, Sir Henry Sydney wrote from Bewdley to Sir Wm. 
Cecil : — " Sometime since you granted me the wardship of Charles Walcot, 
son and heir of John Walcot, of Walcot, co. Salop, which I promised to a 
man of mine. He denied uiat he was the Queen's or any other person's 
ward. After much search by myself, friends, & servants, however, I found 
amongst the Bp of Hereford's records the evidence upon which the jury 
declared him to be a ward, which I send herewith by my servant Ralph 
Knight, & which I suppose is recorded in the Court of Wards. I beseech 
you that such order may now be taken for the possessing & enjoying of him 
in my name as in like cases is accustomed, and also for some consideration 
of my great charges in finding him, & of his small living, as the greatest part 
thereof remains in his mother's hands during her life." — State Papers, add, 
vol. xi. 

On July I, 1586, Henry Townsend wrote to Lord Burghley that " the 
Council of Wales were agreeable to remove their sittings from Worcester to 
Bewdley, where all things had been made ready for their reception." — 
S.P., vol. cxci. 

On March 23, 1587, the Earl of Pembroke wrote to Walsyngham from 
Ticknell that he had sent up James Powell the seminary priest. On the 28th 
he wrote to the Lord Treasurer Burghley desiring Her Majesty's resolution 
for the augmentation of the Clerks in the Council of the Marches to the 
number of 40. He also requested the establishment of the Remembrancer's 
office, & asked for the reversion of the Examiner's office for Mr. Massinger, 
Mr. Sherar being then sickly. — S.P., vol. cxcix. 

In the State Papers, vol. ccxxxii., is a letter from the Queen, dated June 21, 
to the Earl of Pembroke, announcing that she had directed Rd Shuttleworth, 
Esq., Justice of Chester, to return to Bewdley to hold the sessions for Wales 
in consequence of his lordship's indisposition. 

*• Apud Beaudley, x die Julii, 32 Eliz. Appointment of Piers Madoxe, in the 
room of'Roger Gruff «'/5 Barber as Pursuivant to Lord President & Council."* 

" Apud Beaudley, 16 Aug., 40 Eliz. Arthur Messenger, gent., was appointed 
Clerk Examiner in room of Thomas Sherer, gent. (Signed) Pembroke, Rich. 
Shuttleworth, H. Townshende, Rich. Broughton."* 

On April 26, 1606, a grant was made to Sir Robt. Stewart (first High 
Steward of Bewdley) of the office of Keeper of Bewdley Park and of Ticknell 
House for life. (S.P., vol. xx.) He retained this concession only till Sept. 20 
of the same year, when, for having assigned over the keeping to certain 
townsmen & thereby caused inconvenience, his patent was revoked. — S.P.^ 
vol. xxxviii. 

* From a large folio MS. book formerly belonging to the Lords Pres. — in 
X832 in possession of T. F. Dovaston, Esq., of West Felton, Salop. (Prattinton.) 



38 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

•' 1608. Aug. 6. Ludlow Castle. Ralph Lord Eure to the King. Refusal 
of Ralph Clare keeper of the deer in Tickenhill Park to allow him and tha 
Council of Wales free occupancy of the Lodge for administration of justice 
in Worcestershire. Requests instructions thereon, & on the patent for the 
herbage of the park, which is injurious to the deer." — S.P., vol. xxxv. 

" 1609. July g. Ralph Lord Eure to Salisbury. Concerning decays of the 
house & park of Tickenhill; necessity of coppicing the woods." — S.P., 
vol. xlvii. 

" 1609. Oct. 23. Ticknell. Lord Eure to do. Is prevented by a pesti- 
lential fever from residing at Hereford this winter. Numerous recusants in 
Monmouthshire. Ministers so scarce that Bp. of Llandaff is obliged to allow 
laymen to officiate. Project for the support of 6 Ministers to be paid from 
recusants' fines." — S.P., vol. xlviii. 

" i6og. Nov. 13. Ticknell. Do. to do. Increase of recusants in diocese of 
Hereford. Laxity of Justice Williams, who allows them to take the oath of 
allegiance in modified form. Irregular election of Sir Sam. Sandys as 
burgess of Worcestershire in place of Sir Wm. Ligon deceased : Sandys 
being a strong opposer of the jurisdiction of the Council of Wales." — S.P.^ 
vol. xlix. 

In October, 161 5, King James I. was in Bewdley, probably 
staying at Ticknell. While there he was informed that Sir 
Thomas Overbury had been poisoned ; and though the infor- 
mation pointed at his favourite the Earl of Somerset he ordered 
a strict inquiry. {S.P,, vol. Ixxxvi.) 

1616, June ig. The King to the Keepers of Bewdley Park. " You are to 
obey the accompanying instructions, on peril of our indignation and a penalty 
of £500.'' [Parchment : Latin.] •• Instructions for the preservation of the 
King's woods drawn up 17 Feb., 1616, and enrolled in the Exchequer. No 
wood to be taken except for fencing the coppices. The keepers to be limited 
as to where they take their browse wood, and none to be more than an inch 
bore, nor heavier than a deer may turn up with his horns. A restraint 
against the erection of cottages, and the cottagers to enter bonds not to spoil 
the woods. The keepers to give in their claims into the Exchequer within a 
year. Swanmote Courts to be revived. Also the farmers of coppices no 
more to be allowed to shred trees." — S.P., vol. xl. 

The necessity of some restraint upon the ravages in the 
woods is shown by the following : — 

" 30 Aug. 1623. Complaint of Middlesex to the Pres. & Councill of the 
waste and spoyle daily committed by the Inhabitants of Bewdley in his 
Majesty's woods near that town, & particularly one Thomas Smith his wife & 
daughter being of late taken in the Lords Yarde cutting and carrying away 
black Poles, & being opposed by one William Fidoe who had charge to loke 
to that wood, instead of decisting. they beat him very sore and carried away. 



TICKNELL S- THE MARCHES' COURT, 39 

the poles in despight of him, and said they would never cease cutting whilst 
there was any. — That many of the Magistrates of the town, that should help 
to right the King against these apparent Wrongs, do trade much in Laths 
and Clapboards * & such commodities wrought out of these black poles & 
stolen Wood, & continue the Malefactors in their wrong doing. — urging the 
President & Councell to take some present course that this insufferable 
insolence, if proved true according to the information, might be severely 
punished," &c. 

The fees paid to the officers of the Court were as follows : — 
President ;^i040, each Counsellor £^0, Secretary £1^ 6s. Sd., 
King's Attorney £1^ 6s. 8i., Keeper of the House and Park of 
Bewdley £^ os. 8^., Keeper of the Forest of Wyre £5. 

Ticknell had been repaired and Bewdley supplied with water 
by Sir Henry Sidney. In a letter dated Nov. 12, 1576, he says, 
** I cawsed to be layd out for the making of the conduits of 
water for Beawdley & Ludlowe & the repair of those two 
houses, above a thousand pounds." 

During the Civil Wars a Royalist garrison was stationed at 
Bewdley, and strong gates and barriers were set up or strength- 
ened there. + The town was thoroughly loyal, and the inhabi- 
tants voluntarily contributed arms and ammunition for the royal 
cause. A list of those who furnished arms is written on a fly 
leaf of the accounts. 

In Sept., 1642, some forces were sent to Bewdley and Kidder- 
minster to join Lord Wharton's and Sir H. Chomley's regiments. 
Shortly after this Lord Brookes' regiment was stationed in the 
town. 

Sir Thomas Lyttelton (ancestor of the present Lord Lyttelton) 
was Governor of the town for the King in 1644, ^^^ ^^^ ^^s 
head-quarters at Ticknell. He was, however, surprised by 
Colonel Fox, commonly called Fox the Tinker, who was 
Governor of Edgbaston Hall. The tale is told best in Vicars's 
Cod's Ark (1646, p. 217) : — 

" 1644. About the 3rd. of this instant May 1644 the active & resolute 
commander colonell Fox went forth from Tamworth accompanyed with not 
above 64 men, and that night came to Budeley a very considerable garrison 
town of the enemies. At his coming to the first court of the guard in the 

* Boards cut ready for the making of casks. 

t The gates were Bridge-gate, Tinker 's-gate, Welch -gate, .and Doglane- 
gate. The two latter were pulled down about 60 years ago. 



40 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

town, he boldly commanded them, it being in the night, to make way for 
some of the prince's regiment who desired to quarter in the towne that night, 
which was immediately granted unto him, both by that and the second guard 
at the chaines : and so being thus come to the entrance into the towne, his 
men slew 5 or 6 of the sentinells, & thereby possessed themselves of the 
towne, & set a guard at divers doors where the commanders, ofi&cers, & men 
of quality lay, all which he tooke with most of their common souldiers, there 
being about 120 in all. From thence he went to a great Mannour-house 
not farre from the towne, where he surprised Sir Thos. Littleton a parliament 
man, and some other gentlemen, took thence 4 brave Flanders mares, and 
great store of provisions, all which with 40 most gallant horse of the king's 
cormorants, and as many prisoners, together with Sir Thomas* hee brought 
into Coventry the very next morning : about which time all the neighbouring 
cormorants and garrison-souldiers thereabout were raised up in armes with 
an intent to have rescued their friends thus taken captive & carried away 
from them, but blessed be God, they came a day after the fair." 

On June nth in the same year Charles I. came to Bewdley 
from Worcester, and took up his quarters at Ticknell for three 
nights. His army was with him, and had been pursued from 
Oxford by Sir William Waller, who was then hastening to 
Shrewsbury to cut him off. The King called a Council of War 
at Bewdley June 13th, and as the result of their debate they 
by swift marches reached Oxford again June 20, and defeated 
Waller at Copredy Bridge. While at Ticknell the King sent 
orders to Prince Rupert to relieve York, and this led to the 
disastrous battle of Marston Moor. He also sent a party of 
3000 horse from Bewdley to relieve Dudley Castle, then 
besieged by the Earl of Denbigh. 

In 1645, June 14th, Charles sustained the crushing defeat at 
Naseby, after which he hastened westwards, and spent the 17th 
and 1 8th in Bewdley. Ticknell had suffered so much in the 
wars that it was not now fit for his reception,! and he slept at 
the Angel Inn in Load Street. He left a garrison in the town 
when he went on next day to Hereford ; but in August the 
Scotch cavalry fell upon it, and took 76 horse and divers 
officers. The Ribbesford registers record the burial of several 
" souldiers ** about this time. Hartlebury Castle was now 
being strongly fortified for the King, and Colonel Sandys 

* Sir Thomas Lyttelton was afterwards confined in the Tower of London. 

t Dr. Prattinton says that some of the doors of Ticknell, pierced with 
bullets, were afterwards used as gates for Winterdyne garden. 



TICKNELL & THE MARCHES' COURT, 41 

impressed the neighbourhood to help in the work. The Bridge- 
wardens' accounts show how the Bewdley magistrates enlisted 
the sympathies of Mr. Turton by a drink of wine, and then 
•* got off our men from going to worke at the Castle." 

After the execution of Charles I. the furniture from all the 
King's Palaces was taken to London and sold. The survey 
describes " Ticknell Howse with a green court, yard, garden, 
& offices, & containing by estimation 2 acres, very much out of 
repair, & valued for the materials at £7^7 4s. o^." During the 
Commonwealth the house was left to decay, but some old 
customs connected with the site were still retained. When 
Oliver Cromwell died, his son succeeded as quietly as any of 
the Royal line had done. Bewdley Park was swept, and five 
halberdiers and a trumpeter gave dignity to the proclamation of 
the Lord Richard Protector. The stern old Puritans also did not 
disdain afterwards to drink his Highness's health in wine and 
beer to the value of £'^ i6s. od. The loyalty of Bewdley, how- 
ever, was amply vindicated, for at the proclamation of the King 
a few months later twice this quantity was consumed ; and 
four quarts of sack were given to four ministers that preached. 
A little idea of the drinking customs of the Puritan magistrates 
of this time may also be gleaned from an entry in the accounts 
for 1659, showing that 45. ^d, was spent in " Beare Wine & 
fagotts when that bardgmen weare examined that travelled on 
the Lord's Day." 

After the Restoration Bewdley does not appear to have been 
any longer a seat of the Court of the Marches, and in 1689 
(i Wm. and Mary) the Court itself was abolished. When Dr. 
Stukeley visited Bewdley in 171 2 part of old Ticknell House 
was still standing, and we are indebted to him for the original 
of the sketch here reproduced from the late Mr. Severn Walker's 
Antiquities, Mr. Hayley remembered this portion of the house 
standing : it formed part of the east side on the brow of the 
hill, looking towards the town. It consisted of the gate-house, 
with a dwelling on the south side of it, wherein lived Mr. Edw. 
Best, and another on the north side which was inhabited by 
Mr. T. Meysey. Mr. Ingram's house was at right angles to this 
and on the north side, making the letter L. The first room you 

5 



42 A HISTORY OF BEWDLE7. 

come into, or the hall, was said to have been the chapel. In 
1624 Charles Compton, grandson of the Earl of Northampton, 
was baptized in this chapel, and marriages were solemnized 
there as recently as 1701. 

About 1738 most of the old house was pulled down and re- 
built by Mr. Ingram, who had married Anne Winnington, 
daughter of Sir Francis Winnington. Some of the inner walls 
now standing are probably part of the original palace, and 
about 1880 a lady's shoe of the Tudor period was found in 
repairing the wainscot. 

In 1873 Ticknell House, with the adjoining grounds, was 
purchased of the Crown by Mr. Joseph Tangye, of Birmingham. 




THE CORPORATION. 



43 



^be Corporation* 




HE borough of Bewdley was first incorporated in 
the 1 2th year of King Edward IV. The original 
Latin charter is still kept here in an ancient box 
ornamented with roses. Translated, the charter 
runs thus : — 



•• EDWARD by the grace of God King of England and France and Lord 
of Ireland to all to whom these presents shall come greeting. Know 
ye that at the humble supplication of our dear lieges the Burgesses and 
Inhabitants of our town of Bewdley, and on account of certain considerations 
specially moving us, of our special favour, and certain knowledge, and mere 
motion, we have conceded, and by these presents do concede, for us and 
our heirs, as much as in us lies, that our town aforesaid with its precincts 
may be a free Borough for ever .... And that the Burgesses of the said 
town and their successors should be incorporated by the name of the Bur- 
gesses of the Town of Beaudeley and the precincts thereof, And that they 
should have perpetual succession and a common seal .... And that the 
said Burgesses and their successors should be persons fit and capable in law, 
And that they and their successors should be able to purchase lands and 
tenements, rents, services, and reversions .... to be held by the said 
Burgesses and their successors for ever. And of our further grace we have 
conceded to the said Burgesses and their successors, that each of the afore- 
said Burgesses for the time being should be quit through and within the 
whole of our kingdom of England and our dominion, of toll, bridge-taxes, 
ferry-payments, tenure between parceners, harbour tolls, tolls for weighing 
•wool, duties paid by ships on anchoring, payments for stalls, service with 
carts, tolls for weighing goods, payments for feeding swine in a forest, land 
taxes, payments to the owner of the soil for breaking ground to erect booths, 
tolls paid for a road through a forest, tolls for repairing town-walls, contri- 
butions for making ditches, tolls paid by travellers, tolls paid for unlading 
goods at a wharf, and of all other customs of and for all their goods and 



44 ^ HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

merchandize in all places within our kingdom and dominion aforesaid, as 
well by land as by sea and fresh water for ever .... In testimony whereof 
we have caused these our letters patent to be made. 

" Witnessed by me at Westminster on the 20th day of October in the 12th 
year of our reign " (1472). 

Additional privileges were granted to the borough in the 
22d Henry VII., and confirmed by Henry VIII. in 1509 
(Feb. 20th) and again in 1525 (Nov. 5th). The latter charter 
is still in the Corporation chest. 

The borough was incorporated anew by King James I. in the 
third year of his reign (12th Sept., 1606). A translation of this 
charter is given in Nash's History of Worcestershire j where it fills no 
less than nine double-column folio pages. Except in so far as 
it has been modified by the Municipal Reform Act, this is still 
the governing charter of the borough. The right of returning a 
Member to serve in Parliament was first conferred by this 
charter ; and the ruling body was to consist of a Bailiff and 12 
Capital Burgesses. 

The Corporation Records contain many evidences of the 
political struggles of the Stuart times. One of the most 
unscrupulous devices of the Court party towards the end of the 
reign of Charles II. was to annul the charters of the country 
and to grant new ones. 

•• 1684. Agreed that the charter of James I. be surrendered to King 
Charles II. and that the Bayliffe do attend our Recorder Sir Thos. Walcot 
and deliver to him our charter and instrument of resignation, who is desired 
humbly to present the same to his Matie 

••Peter Branch, Bayliffe. "John Bury, Justice." 

The baits held out as an inducement to this surrender were 
(i) that by the new charter all boats going under the bridge 
should pay toll to the Corporation ; and (2) that they should 
have power to make themselves into companies, and to keep all 
strange traders from coming into the town. In case of refusal 
they were threatened with a quo warranto. Before a new charter 
could be issued Charles II. died, and James II. granted one 
dated May 4th, 1685.* That charter was held to be good, and 

* The original is now in the possession of John Bury, Esq., of Kateshill. 



THE CORPORATION, 45 

municipal affairs had been entirely regulated by it for twenty 
years, when it was discovered by some clever lawyer that it was 
null and void from the beginning ; for when the Corporation of 
Bewdley gave up the charter of James I. they were guilty 
of an informality. The surrender was made by the ** Bailiff, 
Recorder, and Burgesses" instead of the ** Bailiff and Burgesses." 
This being the case, the old charter of James I. was still in 
force. But then it was found that only one old burgess, Samuel 
Slade, was alive ; and he alone could do no legal act whatso- 
ever by virtue of it, since by that charter the major part of the 
Corporation was made necessary to such legal act. Queen 
Anne consequently in 1 708 granted a new charter, restoring and 
confirming the charter of James L, and nominating persons to 
fill its offices. The Herbert and Winnington families were then 
contending keenly for supremacy in the borough, and many 
lawsuits resulted. For two years, in consequence of the two 
charters, Bewdley had two Corporations and two Bailiffs, who 
fulminated against each other like rival Popes. 

••12 May 1708 Whereas Sam. Slade Tanner hath for ten dayes last past 

presumed to take upon him the office of Bayliffe of this Borough, &c 

and whereas, &c we declare the proceedings of the said Sam. Slade 

null & void." 

Salwey Winnington was elected Member of Parliament under 
one charter, and Slade's party elected Henry Herbert of Ribbes- 
ford. On the case being brought before the House of Commons, it 
was decided by 21 1 to 132 that Slade was the rightful bailiff, and 
so Herbert was returned. Before the next election, two years 
later, an immense change had come over the feeling of the 
country, and a Tory majority was in Parliament. One of the 
first uses made by it was to carry a motion " That the Charter 
dated April 20th, 1708, attempted to be imposed on the Borough 
of Bewdley, against the consent of the ancient Corporation, is 
void, illegal, and destructive to the constitution of Parliament." 
Steps were taken to repeal the charter, and it only escaped 
annulling by the death of Queen Anne in 1714 ; and that day 
was observed by members of the Corporation for many years 
as a day of rejoicing for its preservation. This charter has not 
since been disputed, and the original is still in the possession of 
the Corporation. 



46 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

There are very clear indications in the Corporation books of 
the means employed by Charles II. and James II. to pack 
Parliament in the attempt to overthrow the Church of 
England and the liberties of the country. In the new 
charters the power had been reserved to the Crown of 
dismissing magistrates at pleasure ; and a committee of seven 
persons, including the infamous Judge Jeffreys, sat at Whitehall 
to regulate municipal elections. Local committees all over the 
country corresponded with this central board; and as Parlia- 
mentary elections were then exclusively in the hands of the 
Corporations, the influence exerted would be immense. Here 
is a specimen of their work : — 

" Sept. 12, 1688. 4 James II. In obedience to an order of his Majty's 
Privy Council Tho : Watmore, Tho : Burlton & Sam. Sandys Esq. 3 Burg. & 
Henry Townshend Esqre Chief Recorder were all of them voted & removed 
out of their sd several places And in obedience to his Majty's Lrs of Recom- 
mendation to us directed John Bury Humfry Yarranton & Higgins James 
Esqre were elected & chosen Burg, instead of Watmore, &c., and John Soley 
Esq. elected Recorder in stead of Townshend," 

The King's tyranny soon bore its natural fruits, and when 
the expedition of William of Orange was on its way for the 
defence of the English liberties and religion, James hastily 
issued a proclamation promising to restore the ancient charters. 
On the 27th of October, 1688, it was agreed at Bewdley " that 
his Majesty's most gracious offer be thankfully accepted.'* But 
James's offer was too late. Within a week William landed in 
Torbay, and found the whole country on his side. On Jan. 6th 
following, the Prince of Orange's letter to the Bayliff of Bewdley 
summoning a free Parliament was delivered, and a verbatim 
copy of it is entered in the Corporation Books. On the nth 
Henry Herbert was elected to the " Convention" Parliament, 
which placed William III. on the English throne. 

In 1668 the Corporation started a small mint of their own, 
and issued the " Warden's half-peny of Bewdley" to the value 
of ;f 30. It is an octagonal piece of brass stamped with the 
borough arms. The Bridgewardens were required to exchange 
these tokens, when called upon, for current silver. 



THE CORPORATION. 47 

A list of the Members for Bewdley is given in the Appendix. 
Before the Reform Act of 1832, which enlarged the constituency 
and added Stourport to the parliamentary borough, the Cor- 
poration was almost always under the influence of some noble- 
man or gentleman owning property in the neighbourhood. Such 
were the Clares, Herberts, Foleys, Lytteltons, and Winningtons. 
The Corporation, however, were not guided solely by their 
agreement with the political views of their Members. For a 
long period considerable sums of money were paid as the price 
of the seat — usually ;^2ooo to ^3000 after each election. In 
1 819, when W. Aylesbury Roberts, Esq., who lived in the town 
and spent a large fortune there, was returned, this practice was 
discontinued. This old custom provided for many useful im- 
provements being made in the town ; and the Corporation still 
possess ;^3000 derived from this source. 

There have been many keenly contested elections in Bewdley, 
and much consequent litigation. One memorable instance was 
in 1768, when the candidates were the Hon. Thomas Lyttelton 
(afterwards the ** wicked " Lord Lyttelton) and Sir E. Win- 
nington. A quarrel had arisen between Adam and James 
Prattinton and Sir E. Winnington about some meadows ; so 
the Prattintons went over to the enemy and elected 10 new 
Burgesses to turn the scale. Some Act, requiring Burgesses to 
be elected at least 12 months before they could vote for a 
Member, gave the victory then to Sir Edward ; but in five 
succeeding Parliaments the Lyttelton interest prevailed. 

The Municipal Reform Act of 1835 changed the title of the 
chief magistrate from Bailiflf to Mayor. Slade Baker, Esq., of 
Sandbourne, was the last Bailiflf and the first Mayor of Bewdley, 
and he is the only survivor of the old close Corporation. 
Lists of BailiflFs, Mayors, High Stewards, Recorders, and 
Deputy Recorders of Bewdley are given in the Appendix. 




48 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



"Wonconformiet Cbapele anb 
fDeeting f^ouaee. 

mi 




]HE oldest Dissenting community in Bewdley is that 
of the Baptists, and its origin is said to be unique. 
In 1646 John Tombes, B.D., a man of great 
abihty and a native of Bewdley, was appointed 
Curate of St. Anne's. He entertained very strong 
objections to infant baptism, and so, while still 
retaining his office in the Church, he founded a separate Bap- 
tist society, which numbered 20 persons. George Fox tells us 
that ** Tombes said he had a wife, and he had a concubine ; 
and his wife was the baptized people (Baptists) and his concu- 
bine was the world (Churchmen, Presbyterians, Quakers, and 
all other non-Baptist parishioners)." In his Apology for the Two 
Treatises on Infant Baptism^ 1646, 4to, page 66, printed while he 
was at Bewdley, Tombes says that he ** must needs say the 
Churches that have no other than Infant Baptism are no true 
Churches nor their Members Church Members." He disputed 
with Richard Baxter at Bewdley, Jan. i, 1649, and afterwards 
held three other public disputes at Ross, Abergavenny, and 
Hereford. In 1650 he removed to Leominster, when he was 
succeeded at St. Anne's by Edward Bury, and in his Baptist 
ministry by John Eccles. Mr. Eccles commenced preaching at 
Bromsgrove also ; and formed the Baptist church there which 
still exists.* Bewdley and Bromsgrove continued united down 
to 1670. The following is an " incomplete list of the various 

* The Cannon Street chapel in Birmingham was in turn an o£f-shoot from 
Bromsgrove (1737). 



NONCONFORMIST CHAPELS. 49 

ministers of Bewdley Baptist Chapel since the days of Mr. 
Tombes : — ^John Eccles, — Clark, — Thompson (who declined 
into Socinianism and was deprived 171 8), James Kettilby (1718- 
1767), John Blackshaw (1774-1779), John Pyne (1781-1788), — 
Baylis, George Williams (1793-1799), George Brookes (1802- 
1844) and Thomas Griffin (1802 -1808) co-pastors*, W. E. White 
(1843-1846), G.Cozens (1846-1854), J.Bailey (1855- 1857), George 
James (1857). The chapel was erected in 1764. 

It is a curious coincidence that the Presbyterian following in 
Bewdley, which in age ranks next to the Baptists, should also 
have been founded by a minister of St. Anne's in the time of 
the Commonwealth. Henry Oasland was appointed within a 
few months of the departure of John Tombes, and held office 
until the Act of Uniformity was passed in 1662, when for con- 
scientious scruples which we cannot but respect he seceded 
from the Church. From the Corporation books we find that 
several of the burgesses of Bewdley refused to declare against 
the " Solemn League and Covenant" in the time of Charles II.; 
and these no doubt were of those who adhered to their old 
teacher and welcomed his son Edward as their pastor. The 
Presbyterian chapel here is said to have been built about 1680, 
and for many years it had a large and influential congregation. 
In common with nearly all the Presbyterian meeting-houses — 
400 in number — founded about that time, it has since lapsed 
into Unitarianism, and has now very few adherents in the town. 

Jabez Reynolds by will dated 27th Feb., 1710, left 10s, each 
yearly to the Rector of Ribbesford and the Preacher at the 
Meeting-house to buy Bibles or religious books for poor chil- 
dren. For his trouble each minister was to have a bottle of Sack, 

James Clark by will dated 24th May, 1765, left ;^5oo to be 
put out to interest — one-fifth to be paid to the minister of the 
Presbyterian meeting-house, and four-fifths among poor people 
residing in Bewdley. In addition he ordered that the rest of 
his personal estate after payment of debts, &c., should be given 
to the poor of Bewdley. The total Consols now is about ;^i300, 
and the charity is administered by special trustees. 

* In 1808 Mr, Grifl&n went to Kidderminster, and Mr. Brookes remained 
sole pastor till his death in 1844. He left ;^2ooo as an endowment for the 
Bewaley minister, and also 700 volumes for his library. 
6 



50 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

In the chapel is a marble monument with Latin inscription, 
thus translated by Dr. Prattinton (probably the donor) : — 

" To PERPETUATE THE REMEMBRANCE OF SaMUBL KeNRICK THIS TABLET 
WAS ERECTED BY P. P. LITERATURE WAS HIS DELIGHT, OF MANNERS GENTLE, 

OF THE Supreme Being a devout worshipper, In integrity of life a 

BRIGHT EXAMPLE. He DIED OCT. 6, 181I, AGED 83." 

The site on which the Friends' meeting-house now stands 
was purchased for the Society in 1691, and the building was 
probably erected soon afterwards. The Registers are at 
Somerset House (No. 666). Births 1683 to 1767 ; marriages 
1679 to 1758; burials 1682 to 1838. In the small burial 
ground attached to this quiet little chapel, Mary Darby 
wife of the first Abraham Darby was buried in 171 8. There 
are also stones to the memory of the Cotterell, Zachary, and 
Sturge families. 

In March, 1779, the Rev. John Wesley preached at Bewdley, 
in an open space in Load Street, to a very numerous and quiet 
congregation. He was at Bewdley again in 1781, and preached 
as before in the open air. At the commencement of the service 
a man began beating a drum, but was soon silenced by a 
gentleman of the town. Five years afterwards Wesley visited 
Bewdley once more, and then recorded in his journal, " Pre- 
judice is now vanished away. The life of Mr. Clark turned the 
tide, and much more his glorious death." From Bewdley he 
went on to Stourport, "a small well-built village," where he 
speaks of Mr. Heath, " a middle-aged clergyman and his wife 
and two daughters, whose tempers and manners, so winning 
soft, so amiably mild, will do him honour wherever they gome." 
In 1790 he was again at Stourport, "which was twice as large 
as two years ago. They seemed to be serious and attentive 
while I was speaking, but the moment I ceased, fourscore or a 
hundred of them began talking all at once. I do not remember 
ever to have been present at such a scene before. This must 
be amended, otherwise (if I should live) I will see Stourport no 
more." He died March, 1791, aged 88. 

The Wesleyan chapel in Bewdley was opened for divine 
service in 1795 by Dr. Cooke, a clergyman of the Church of 
England. The head-quarters of the circuit are at Stourport. 



GRAMMAR SCHOOL, CHARITIES, S-c. 



51 



^be Grammar Scbool, Cbaritiee, &c 



^ 




HE earliest school in Bewdley seems to have been 
taught by the curate in some room adjoining the 
chapel. In 1577 the sum of 25. Sd. was spent by 
the Wardens " to put the scholemaster*s cham- 
bers in order." William Monnox, of Bewdley, 
tanner, by will dated 17th Feb., 1591, left £6 per 
annum for a Grammar School, payable out of the Pentrenant 
estate in Montgomeryshire. Gregory, John, and Thomas' 
Ballard by deed in 1599 gave the land whereon the old Gram- 
mar School was built. Humphrey Hill, of Silvington, also in 
1599, left several houses and other property for the same pur- 
pose ; and the present school and school-house are built on part 
of it. King James I. in his charter of 1606 re- founded the 
school " for the better education of young children and youths, 
in good arts, learning, virtue and instruction, always to be 
brought up and informed, which shall be called the * Free 
Grammar School of King James in Bewdley,' wherein shall be 
one master and one usher.*' 

Other benefactors were Thomas Weaver, 1609 ; John Mill- 
ward, 1610 ; Richard Clare, 1618 ; Mr. Barber, 1619 ; John 
Clare, 1621 ; Hugh Pooler, 1621 ; William Keye, 1625 ; John 
Tyler, 1626 ; Joan Tyler, John Wakeman, 1640 ; John Lowe, 
1643 ; Richard Vickaris, 1661 ; Thomas Cooke, 1693 5 and John 
Carruthers Crane. The Rev. Thomas Wigan (1819) gave to 
the Rector of Ribbesford and the Master of the Grammar School 
his library of about 1500 volumes in trust for the clergy and 
other respectable inhabitants of the town and neighbourhood. 



52 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



Several of the gifts have since been lost. About 1750 the 
Corporation, who were then the Governors, let most of the 
school property on lease for 500 years at low rentals. In 
1835 the Court of Chancery intervened and annulled the 
long leases ; but kept the school closed for 30 years. Mainly 
by the exertions of Mr. R. H. Whitcombe, a fresh scheme was 
obtained, and the new school-room in High Street was built in 
1865. In 1882 a further scheme for the management of the 
foundation was drawn up by the Endowed School Commis- 
sioners, under which the government is vested in the High 
Steward, the Mayor, five Representative Governors, and five 
Co-optative Governors. 

Many men who have attained eminence in Church and 
State have been educated at this school. Among these were 
Richard Willis, Bishop of Winchester ; Edward Feild, Bishop 
of Newfoundland ; John Medley, Bishop of Fredericton ; John 
Tombes, Master of the Temple and one of the " Triers j" Canon 
Hugh Stowell ; Rev. John Venn, of Hereford ; Dr. John 
Beddoe, F.R.S., President of the Anthropological Society ; 
Rev. J. G. Breay, of Birmingham, &c. 

List op Head Masters op the Grammar School* 



Manoah Sharrard 


1625— 1634 


John Graile 


' 1635 


George Lowe 


, 1663 


James Spilsbury 


1664 , 


Nathaniel Williams 


1701 


John Cupper 


1 701 — 1720 


Butler Cowper 


1720 — 1732 


Thomas Howard .., 


, 1732— 1778 


William Morgan 


, 1778— 1805 


John Cawood 


1805— 1835 


William Grist 


1866— 1871 


John Richard Burton 


' 187a 



GRAMMAR SCHOOL, CHARITIES, S-c, 53 

The Bewdley Charity Schools were founded in 1785, and the 
National Schools in 1830. A Home Mission, conducted by 
Miss Pountney, led to the erection in 1869 of the school and 
mission-room on the Wyre Hill. 

The Bewdley Institute was opened in 1877. Mr. Edward 
Pease bought the old ** Wheat Sheaf" Inn and other property, 
which he generously gave as the site, besides subscribing ;f 500 
to the building fund. ;f 1000 was also raised by voluntary con- 
tributions in the town and neighbourhood. Lord Lyttelton 
was elected its first president, and Mr. John Gabb the first 
chairman. With this Institute are amalgamated the old 
•* Literary Society" and the " Working Men's Institution." 



The space at our disposal does not allow of a detailed account 
of the many charities of Bewdley, but it is fitting that we should 
record the names and mention the gifts of the 

Benefactors. 

Sir John Hibbots (1595). — Two mills for the poor. 

John Millward (1610). — Rent-charge for poor. 

Sir William Seabright (1620). — Loaves for poor. 

Samuel Sayers (1625). — Six Almshouses in the Lower 
Park. 

Hmnphrey Burlton (1645). — Nine Almshouses in Park 
Lane 

Francis Gilding (about 1650). — Land for the poor. 

Richard Vicaris (1661). — School, Chapel, and poor 
women. 

Sir Henry Herbert (1673). — Bread for poor. 

Thomas Cooke (1693). — Bigbt Almshouses in High 
Street. 

John Hammonds (1714). — ^^150 to poor. 

Ralph Smith (1732). — £$0 to Charity School. 

William Crump (1754). — ^^^200 for poor widows. 



54 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

James Clark (1765). — ^^500 to Presbyterian minister 
and poor, 

John Hurst (1808). — ^f 10 for bread. 

Wilson Aylesbury Roberts (1813). — ;^200 for ten poor 

widows. 

Caroline Aylesbury Roberts (1827). — ^;f2i6 13s. 4^. for 
ten poor women. 

Ellen Vobe (1840). — £500 for twelve old maids. 

Ellen Vobe (1840). — ^100 to Sayers' almsmen. 

Mary Watkins (1842). — ^;^ioo to Sayers' almsmen. 

Mary Watkins (1842). — ^;f25o for Burlton*s almspeople. 

Rev. Joseph Crane (i860). — ^;^2oo for repair of Cooke's 
Almshouses. 

James Tart (1875). — £100 for repair of Cooke's Alms- 
houses. 

James Fryer (1856). — ;f20oo to Bewdley National 
School. 

Mary Blackford (1873). — ^;f22oo in Consols for coal, 
blankets, and clothing. 

William Essington Essington (1878). — £100 for poor. 

John Sherriflfe. — Land for apprenticing boys. 

Mrs. Marlowe.-^5. iid. per annum to poor attending 
Baptist Chapel. 




ILLUSTRIOUS MEN. 



55 



3nu0trioud HDen* 



^ 




EFORE this history is brought to a close some 
mention must be made of the various public 
characters who have in any way been connected 
with the town. The Royal personages and the 
Lords President of the Marches of Wales, who 
so often resided at Bewdley, have already been 
mentioned at some length. 

Sir Charles Compton, son of Spencer Lord Compton* and 
grandson of William Earl of Northampton, was probably born 
at Ticknell, and was baptized in the old chapel there on Nov. 
25th, 1624. ^^ fought with distinction in the battles of Edge- 
hill and Hopton Heath, and is said to have been eminent for 
" sobriety, moderation, conduct, vigilance, and activity.** His 
chief exploit was the taking of Beeston Castle in Cheshire, when, 
with only six men disguised as butchers and bakers, he surprised 
the astonished garrison in their beds. After the Restoration he 
was advanced by the King to a position of trust, but a fall from 
his horse at Northampton caused his death in the prime of 
manhood. 

John Tombes was bom at Bewdley in 1603, and educated at 
the Grammar School. At the early age of 15 he entered at 
Magdalen Hall, Oxford, and after a brilliant college career was 
chosen public catechetical lecturer, though being then only 21 

* Ancestor of Lord Alwyne Compton, Dean of Worcester, and Prolocutor 
of Convocation. 



56 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

years of age. He was afterwards presented to the Vicarage of 
Leominster. When the Civil War broke out he fled to Bristol, 
and General Fiennes, who had then the command of that city, 
gave him the living of All Saints there. After the taking of 
Bristol by the Royalists Tombes escaped to London, where he 
was soon appointed minister of Fenchurch. Here he utterly 
refused to allow the baptism of infants in his church, and in 
consequence was deprived of his stipend. Promising not to 
introduce this controversy into the pulpit, he was chosen 
preacher of the Temple, and held this important office for four 
years. He was dismissed from the Temple for publishing his 
first treatise on Infant Baptism ; and he then returned to his 
native place, and was chosen minister of St. Anne's, Bewdley. 
His love of argument followed him here, and, as we have seen, 
he formed a separate society of those of his own way of think- 
ing. On New Year's-day, 1649, he had the famous dispute with 
Richard Baxter in Bewdley chapel, when many members of the 
Universities are said to have been present. He' was next pre- 
sented to the parsonage of Ross ; and this he resigned upon 
having the Mastership of the Hospital at Ledbury. His 
opinions about baptism alienated his people, and he removed 
again to Leominster. In 1653 ^® was appointed to be one of 
the " Triers" of ministers, which is a proof that his character 
and learning were held in high esteem. After the Restoration 
he married a rich widow, and went to reside at Salisbury, where 
he conformed to the Church as a lay-communicant, but would 
not again accept any benefice. He died at Salisbury May 25, 
1676, aged 73. 

Henry Oasland was born in the parish of Rock, and after 
spending some years at the Bewdley Grammar School under 
Mr. John Graile, he entered at Trinity College, Cambridge. 
His religious experiences have come down to us in a quaint 
MS. autobiography which has been printed in the Bewdley 
Parish Magazine, ^yithin a few months after the departure of 
John Tombes from Bewdley, Mr, Oasland was chosen minister 
of the chapel, where he preached zealously for twelve years. 
His views on Infant Baptism were directly opposed to those of 
Tombes, and he was a great friend and companion of Richard 
Baxter, with whom he firequently went to preach the ** double 



ILLUSTRIOUS MEN. 57 



lecture" in the country. Baxter describes him as having "a 
strong body, a zealous spirit, and an earnest utterance." In 
1660 he married Miss Maxwell of Bewdley. In 1661 he was 
imprisoned by Sir John Pakington on the evidence of a forged 
letter, which seemed to imply that he was plotting against Sir 
Ralph Clare. In 1662, on his refusal to comply with the Act 
of Uniformity, he was deprived of his benefice. He died in 
1703* aged 80 years, leaving two sons, of whom the elder, 
Edward, was Presbyterian minister at Bewdley many years, 
Henry Oasland's printed works were The Dead Paster yet 
speaking and The Christian's Daily Walk. 

John Boraston was Rector of Ribbesford from 1630 to 1688. 
He was an ardent Royalist, and it is rather surprising that he 
was permitted to retain his benefice throughout the Common- 
wealth. An attempt was made to deprive him of it, and among 
his offences enumerated were — 

*' That the said Boraston did officiate second servise at the alter, so called, 
in the chapell of Bewdley, with his surplus and hood in June 1644, or there- 
abouts,* notwithstandinge an ordinance of Parliament to the contrary." 

" That the said Boraston gave warninge to his parishioners of Ribsford to 
observe the 25th day of December 1648 commonly called Christmas Day. 
And havinge assembled some of the parishioners preached unto them on the 
said day, in the said churche, and exhorted them to the observance thereof, 
notwithstandinge an ordinance of Parliament to the contrary." 

" That the said Boraston did voluntarily lende severall sumes of money to 
the King's Commissioners at Woster against the Parliament. That he went 
to the King's Courte in Glostershire, and to the King's army lyeing before 
Gloster, and held intelligence with the Lord Viscount Falkland, then Secre- 
tary to his Majesty." 

" That the said Boraston is of a very proud and contentious spiritt, and 
doth lord it over his parishioners, callinge honest men knaves and honest 
women witches." 

In 1673 Mr. Boraston was made Prebendary of Moreton Magna 
in Hereford Cathedral, and in 1688 he died at the ripe age of 
85. One of his sons, George Boraston, M.A., of Wadham 
College, Oxford, was the author of The Royal Law^ or the Golden 
Law of Justice and Charity , and of a Sermon preached at the anniver- 
sary meeting of the gentleman inhabitants of London, and others horn 

* This was probably on the occasion of King Charles' visit to Bewdley. 

7 



^8 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



within the County of Worcester — 29th Nov., 1683." Another son, 
Thomas Boraston, M.A., was chaplain of St. Anne's, and suc- 
ceeded his father as Prebendary of Moreton Magna. 

George Hopkins, M.A., was born at Bewdley April 25, 1620, 
and was son of William Hopkins, a man of importance in the 
town, and a great friend of Richard Baxter (see Ribbesford 
Registers 1609, Oct. 30, and 1647, July 21). He was educated 
at the Grammar School, and after taking his degree at Oxford 
was appointed minister of Evesham. " He was very judicious, 
godly, moderate, peaceable, and upright,*' and wrote Salvation 
from Sin. (Wood's A then. Oxon,) Dr. William Hopkins, the 
learned Prebendary of Worcester, and friend of Dean Hickes 
and Lord Somers, was a son of the above. (Nash, supplement, 
page I.) 

John Inett was bom at Bewdley, and educated at University 
College, Oxford (M.A. 1669). He was appointed " Chauntor of 
Lincoln Cathedral and Residentiary thereof" 1681. He wrote 
a valuable History of the English Church, 2 vols., 1704 and 1710. 

Richard Willis was the son of William Willis, a tanner in 
Bewdley, and was born Jan. 17, 1664. His mother's maiden 
name was Susanna Inett, and it is very probable that she was 
a sister of the above-mentioned Rev. John Inett. Richard was 
educated at the Grammar School under Nathaniel Williams, 
Rector of Dowles, and the Master was so proud of his scholar's 
abilities that he persuaded the Rev. William Hayley (an 
ancestor of Mr. Bury, of Kateshill) to send him to Oxford. Mr. 
Hayley, who was afterwards Dean of Chichester, was then a 
Fellow of All Souls, and so Willis entered at this college, of 
which by and bye he himself became a Fellow. As Lecturer of 
St. Clement's in the Strand he became remarkable for extempore 
preaching, and was recommended to King William III. as a 
proper person to accompany him to Holland : this led to his 
appointment as Chaplain-General of the Army. In 1695 he 
was made Prebendary of Westminster, and in July, 1698, was 
appointed Sub- Preceptor to the young Duke of Gloucester, 
heir to the throne. In 1700 Dr. Willis was made Dean of 
Lincoln, and soon afterwards preached the first sermon deli- 
vered on behalf of the Society for the Propagation of the 



ILLUSTRIOUS MEN. 59 

Gospel. In November, 1714, Dr. Willis was nominated Bishop 
of Gloucester ; in 1721 he was translated to Salisbury ; and in 
1723 he was further promoted to Winchester, which latter pro- 
motion he is said to have gained by his vigorous speech against 
Atterbury. After holding the see of Winchester eleven years, 
Bishop Willis died Aug. 10, 1734, at Chelsea, aged 71 years, 
and was buried in Winchester cathedral, where a magnificent 
marble monument with recumbent effigy of him may be seen. 

Alderman Best, who lived in part of Ticknell, was fond of 
painting and had a museum. He published the Prospect of a 
Poefn on humane Life and Depravity (with an Episode on the Christian 
Religion) y Deaths Judgment, Heaven, and Hell, in 2 parts, 1735 : 
London. 

Peter Prattinton was the only son of William Prattinton, 
of Bewdley, and was born in 1776. He was educated at Christ 
Church, Oxford, where he took the degree of M.B. Being 
possessed of private means, he gave up the practice of medicine, 
and devoted himself with indefatigable assiduity to antiquarian 
pursuits. His researches were chiefly made to elucidate the 
history of his native county, and his MS. collections for 
Worcestershire, which fill many volumes, were bequeathed to the 
Society of Antiquaries, by whom they are carefully preserved. 
The roll of " Household Expenses" of Bishop Swinfield (1289) 
was discovered by Dr. Prattinton among the muniments of Sir 
T. Winnington at Stanford Court, and it was published in 
1853. ^^ ^i^^ J^^y ^^» ^^45* aged 69, and was buried at 
Ribbesford. 

John Cawood was born at Matlock in 1775, and graduated 
at Oxford in 1801. He was ordained in 1800 to the Curacy of 
Ribbesford and Dowles, of which he had the sole charge. He 
formed at Bewdley what was probably the first Sunday School 
in the county, and also began a mission in the Far Forest, 
which ultimately led to the erection of the new church there. In 
1805 he was appointed Master of the Grammar School, and 
was most successful in his scholastic work. Many of his pupils 
afterwards attained positions of eminence and usefulness. 
Among them were Bishop Field, Bishop Medley, and Hujh 
Stow ell. In 1 8 14 he was appointed minister of St. Anne's, and 
his earnest discourses there during a period of forty years 



6o A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

exerted an immense influence in Bewdley. The local branch 
of the Church Missionary Society, founded by him in 1816, has 
contributed upwards of ;^6ooo to the good work. He died 
Nov. 7, 1852, and was buried at Dowles. His published 
works were The Church and Dissent and two volumes of Sermons, 

James Fryer was an eminent physician and philanthropist 
of Bewdley. He died Feb. 27, 1856, aged 87, and bequeathed 
;^2ooo to the Bewdley National Schools, ;^4ooo to the Worcester 
Infirmary, ;^90o for the Forest church, besides substantial sums 
to the Worcester Museum and other useful objects. 

George Jorden was an ardent lover of nature, and with the 
very least external advantages gradually acquired such a 
thorough acquaintance with the natural history of the neigh- 
bourhood that his opinion was asked for and respected by some 
of the most learned men in England. He was born on the Clee 
Hills in the parish of Farlow, where his father was a labourer, 
and his mother a herb-doctress. He came to Bewdley as an 
errand boy, taught himself to read and write, and soon after- 
wards went to live with Mr. Fryer (abovementioned), with whom 
he remained for 50 years. Being favoured with a sympathetic 
master he was able to follow his natural bent with unwearied 
assiduity. Rising before daylight he spent some hours among 
his flowers in the Forest, of which he is said to have known 
** every inch," and came back loaded with specimens for his 
herbarium, in time to begin his day's work at home. A monu- 
ment of his diligence is left in his " Flora Bellus Locus,'* now 
in the Worcester Museum, and in his herbarium of beautifully 
mounted specimens now in the possession of Mr. Gabb. He 
collected, mounted, and named probably every plant which 
grows wild within ten miles of Bewdley ; and he is specially 
mentioned by Mr, W. A. Leighton in his Flora of Shropshire and by 
Mr.Edwin Lees, F.L.S., in his Botany of Worcestershire as having 
rendered them most efiectual aid. He also accumulated a mass 
of local antiquarian lore, including old ballads and electioneering 
songs, which he bequeathed to the Worcester Museum. He 
died in 1871, aged 88. 

Edward Baugh, son of the Rev. E. Baugh, minister of St. 
Anne's, was also a zealous Bewdley naturalist. He made a 
large collection of specimens illustrating the geology of the 
neighbourhood, and many of these are now in the British 



ILLUSTRIOUS MEN. 6i 

Museum. The remainder, with cases, have been presented to 
the Bewd'ey Institute by Mrs. T. Baugh, and when arranged 
they will form the nucleus of a good local museum. 

John Tibbitts published a volume of Poems in 1811. The 
greater part of the book is taken up with descriptions of 
Bewdley and Spring Grove. The metre is somewhat peculiar, 
but the sentiments are good and the narrative is interesting. 

Samuel Skey was a native of Upton-on-Severn, and was 
apprenticed to a grocer in Bewdley named Church. When he 
had finished his apprenticeship ;^iooo was left to him by a rela- 
tion, and with this he began business as a grocer and drysalter 
in Bewdley.* He afterwards erected large chemical works in 
Dowles, chiefly for the manufacture of sulphuric and nitric acids. 
His enterprises succeeded, and he became a very wealthy man. 
He then determined to build himself a house on a spot called 
Jacky-stone hill in Wribbenhall. When he sought to purchase 
the land he found it was entailed ; but nothing daunted, he 
obtained a special Act of Parliament " for vesting part of the 
devised estates of Thomas Lord Foley in Samuel Skey in fee 
simple in exchange for another estate of equal value." The 
pools called the "Slashes" on Kidderminster Common, and 
Warren Heath, were made over to Skey in exchange for farms 
in Bromsgrove and Upton Warren (1775). The rough estate 
thus acquired was tastefully laid out and planted ; and now 
forms the beautiful grounds of Spring Grove. The house was 
commenced in 1787, and first inhabited in 1790. Mr. Skey was 
buried at Dowles, July 29, 1812. About 1850 the Spring Grove 
estate was purchased by Mr. Walter C. Hemming. 

George Griffith served his first clerkship in a corn- 
merchant's office in Bewdley. He devoted his leisure to 
self-culture ; and quite early in life became possessed with two 
ruling passions — verse making, and the reformation of grammar 
schools. His writings were very voluminous, chiefly in 
** history, history-romance, drama, satire, and a miscellaneous 
worship of the Muse." His chief publications were The Free 
Schools of Worcestershire, Life of George Wilson, Going to Markets 
and Grammar Schools, and Records in the Midland Counties. He 
died in 1883, and was buried at Ribbesford. 

* Nicholls' Lecture on Bewdley. 



62 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



•Ribbeefor^ 




HE oldest relic of human habitation in this parish 
is a celt of greenish stone found in the bed of the 
river while digging for gravel. It is of the Neoli- 
thic period ; and one end has a maul, the other 
an axe. It is delineated in Evans's Flint Imple- 
ments and in AUies* Antiquities of Worcestershire. 

The earliest written record of Ribbesford is contained in an 
Anglo-Saxon charter belonging to Lord Somers, and printed at 
the end of Heming's Chartal, Eccles. Wigorn, (page 598). It is 
entitled " Contract of Wulfstan Archbishop of York & also Bishop 
of Worcester to give Rihhedforde [&c.] to his Sister for her life — 
then to be married to Wulfric/' 

" Here is set forth in this writing, concerning those Agreements which 
Wuljric & the Archbishop made when he obtained the Archbishop's sister 
[to] him to wife. That is, that he promised her that land at Ealretune and 
at Rihhedfofda [for] her day. And he promised her that land at Cnihte-wican 
[Knightwick] ; that he would have her hold it three men's day at [of] that 
family [Convent] in Wincelcumbe [Winchcombe] : & gave her that land of 
Eanulfintune to give & to grant to whom she chose in [her] day, and after 
[her] day, there [where] her best liking was : & promised her 50 manes * of 
gold & 30 men & 30 horses. 

" Now was to these a witness Wulfstan Archbishop, & Leofmne Alderman, 
& Athelstan Bishop, & Alfword Abbot, and Brihteh Monk, and many a good 
man to increase them, both consecrated & lay, that these agreements were 
thus made. Now are to these agreements two Writings, the one with the 
Archbishop in Wigereceastre & the other with Aethelstane Bishop in Hereford.'* 

* A mane was worth about js, 6d. 



RJBBESFORD. 63 



The holy man, who thus portioned his sister with the goods 
of the Church, held the sees of York and Worcester from 1002 
to 1023. Wulfstan's nephew Brithlege was his next successor 
but one in the see of Worcester ; and if he was this sister's son, 
the transaction above-mentioned must have occurred soon after 
his promotion, for Brithlege succeeded in 1033. Wulfstan was 
surnamed " Reprobate.'* Nam nimis erravit^ . dum rebus nos 
spoliavit — ** For he erred too much when he spoiled us of our 
possessions," said the Monks. He was also surnamed Lupus 
or ** The Wolf," and a spirited address of his to the English, 
when they were hard pressed by the Danes, is still extant.* 
Wulfric's enjoyment of Ribbesford would hardly have ceased 
before the Danes came over. In 1002, Sept. 13, the Danes 
throughout England were murdered by order of King Ethelred. 
Sweyn, King of Denmark, came to exact vengeance, and within 
a few years his son Canute gained the sovereignty of the land. 
Earl Hacun, a Dane, took Clifton, Eastham, and Tenbury from 
Worcester Monastery; and other Danes seized Ribbesford. 
With more settled times the Monks recovered Ribbesford ; and 
the villagers were bound to provide them with fishing nets and 
hunting tackle whenever required to do so. Again, however, 
misfortune befel the monks, and after the Norman Conquest 
Turstin, a Fleming, deprived them of their rights here.f 
Though Turstin appears here as guilty of sacrilege, yet, as we 
have already seen, he gave Wrubenhale (Bewdley) to the Priory 
of Worcester. Turstin married Agnes daughter of Alured, a 
great landowner in Herefordshire and Wiltshire. Agnes held 
Cuure (Cowarne Magna) and a large manor unnamed at time of 
Domesday. I William FitzOsborn, Earl of Hereford, gave the 
manors of Duntune (Downton Castle) in Herefordshire, and 
Mawley and Cleobury in Shropshire, to Turstinus Flandrensis. 

* It is printed in Sweet's Anglo-Saxon Reader, pp. 102-111. 

t De Ribetforde. — Simili modo villam quae Ribbetford dicitur, cujus villani 
captatoria^ sepes piscium et alias venatorias instaurare debita lege debebant, 
operaque nostra, ubicunque eis precipiebatur, exercebant, prius Dani, post 
Turstanus Flandrensis monasteno vi abstulit, sicque ejus nunc dominatum 
perdidimus, ipseque non multo post et ipsam et omnem terram suam perdidit, 
exilioque multatus est. Sic qui parum Deo injust^ abstulit, omnia sua justS 
perdidit." — Heming's Chart, fol. 120, Hearne's Ed. Oxford, 1723, vol. i, p. 
256 ; and Monasticon i., 594. 



\ Ey ton's Shropshire, v., 74. 



64 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



In 1074 Roger Earl of Hereford (son of Earl William) rebelled 
against the Conqueror, but was defeated, and condemned . to 
perpetual imprisonment and to forfeiture of all his property. 
Turstin was probably concerned in this outbreak, and when it 
failed he lost not only Ribbesford but all his other estates, and 
was banished from the country. " And so," says the monkish 
chronicler, "he who unjustly took away a little from God, 
justly lost all his own property." 

Agnes the widow of Turstin FlandrenSis, and his son Eustace 
a knight, lord of Witteney, gave land to the church of St. Peter 
at Gloucester. 

After the forfeiture of Roger Earl of Hereford his lands of 
Wigmore, Cleobury, &c. were given to Ralph de Mortimer. 
Ribbesford also came into the possession of the Mortimers, and 
was held under them by a knightly family who resided there, 
and who from it took their name of " de Ribbesford." 

Walter de Ribesford was present at the inquisition taken 
about Oswaldslow Hundred in the time of John de Pageham, 
Bishop of Worcester (1151 — 1158).* Mr.Hayley thinks that he 
was the same person mentioned by Camden (Brit., 733) under 
the name of Gualterus de Ridensford who went with Richard 
Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke, to assist Dermot Mac Morrough 
in Ireland. Lord Lyttelton in his Life of Henry IL (vol. iii., 
p. 73) says, " John the furious after making a very brave defence 
was honorably slain upon the field of battle by Walter de 
Riddelsford, an English knight, & the horsemen of his troop." 
It appears, however, very doubtful whether Ribbesford can 
claim the honour of this exploit. 

Maud, daughter of Sir John Ribbesford, Kt., was wife of 
Henry de Temple, of Temple, Leicestershire, temp. Henry II. + 

In 4th John (1203) " Simon de Ribbeford r. c. (fined) de x 
marcis ne transfretet at Rogerum de Toni ad reddendum com- 
potum quem ab eo exegit."J 



* Heming's Car/., 291. 

t Collins' Peerage, 4th Edw., v. 6, p. 45. 

J Madox's Hist, of the Excheq,, i., 505. 



RIBBESFORD, 65 



In 1236 Henry de Ripeford, in the county of Worcester, paid 
xxj. for three parts of a fief, held of Ralph de Mortimer, as an 
aid at the marriage of Isabella, sister of Henry III., to the 
Emperor of Germany.* 

Simon de Ribefort was one of four knights appointed in 42 
Henry III. to inquire into grievances, &c., in the county of 
Worcester.! This was done in conformity with the " Provisions 
of Oxford'* enacted under the influence of the famous Simon de 
Montfort, and was the commencement of County Members. 
From the Blakeway MS. we learn that this " Simon de Rybbe- 
ford by deed conceded to his Lord Roger de Mortimer all the 
right which he had to hunt in his wood of Rybbeford which is 
called La Hoke ; nor would he pursue any sort of wild beasts in 
the forest of Wyre without special leave from the aforesaid 
Lord Roger or his heirs, under forfeiture of all he held under 
the same Lord Roger, or that his heirs should hold, for ever. 
Saving to himself during his life, that if he should be hunting in 
any of his parks and woods besides La HokCj and his dogs should 
run any beast from his parks or woods into the forest of Wyre, 
and follow it, contrary to his wishes — the transgression, if it can 
be so called, should be settled by the arbitration of friends. 
" Witnesses. " William de Beauchamp 

" Thomas, Rector of the Church of Rybbeford 

" Nicholas, Rector ( ? ranger) of the forest 

" Jacob his brother 

" William son of Guarini 

" William Corbett 

" William Le Poer." 

This transaction took place sometime between 1247 and 1269 ; 
and the desire to secure additional hunting-grounds in the 
neighbourhood confirms the opinion that about this time the 
Mortimers built an occasional residence for the family at 
Ticknell. 

King Edward I. in 1306, for augmenting the glory of his 
intended expedition into Scotland, did at Whitsuntide begirt 
Edward Earl of Carnarvon his eldest son, with the military 
belt ; and thereupon the young prince immediately at the high 

• Testa de Nevill, p. 40. 

t App. to Bindy's Hist. Eng. 224 Pat., 42 Hen. III. 
8 



66 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY, 

altar in Westminster Abbey conferred the honour of knighthood 
on 300 more, sons of Earls, Barons, and Knights, who attended 
the King to Scotland. Amongst those so distinguished was 
Henry de Rypsford. His arms were ermine, a chief gules fretty or. 
In 1310, 1318, and 1328 Sir Henry presented to the Rectory of 
Ribbesford. In the Calendarium Rotulorum Chartarum, 2 Edw. III. 
(1329), page 160, his possessions are enumerated as follows: — 
" Rookes (Rock) maner' mercat' feria ; Snede ; La Clouse ; 
Ribbeford ; Houke ; Waskerige ; Linden Coudray ; all having 
free warren." A deed in the possession of S. Z. Lloyd, Esq., 
of Areley Hall — undated, but probably about the time of 
Edward II. — sets forth that Godith, widow of Osbert de Wet- 
acre, had conveyed to Simon de Ribbesford certain land, with 
the precincts thereof, situated in Hultonestrete (Hylton Street), 
in Worcester. In 1349 Robert de Ribbesford presented to the 
rectory of the church. 

In 1364 Constance, wife of Walter de Ribbesford, had the 
manor of Ribbesford assigned for her dower.* The possessions 
of W^alter in 1371 are set down as Ribbesford manor ; La 
Rooks — two small pieces of land (due pecie terr'J ; and Wige- 
more (secf cur'J.\ 

The Ribbesfords remained here certainly till 2 Henry VI. ; 
but the presentation to the living, and probably the ownership 
of the manor, had biefore that time passed into the hands of the 
Beauchamps. In 1387 Thomas de Beauchamp, Earl of War- 
wick, appears as patron of the church. 

In 21 Rd. II (1398), Sir John de Montacute, Earl of Salis- 
bury, obtained from the King a grant to himself of the manors 
of Shrawley Roke and Ribbesford in Com, Wig., with the 
advowsons of the churches of the said manors, then seized into 
the King's hands by the attainder of Thos. Beauchamp, Earl 
of Warwick. J On the deposition of Richard II. these lands 
were probably restored to the Beauchamps, for Margaret, 
widow of Earl Thomas, held it at her death in 1407. § In 
1446 Henry Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, owned both manor 

• Inquis. post Mortem, vol. iv., p. 271. 

t Inquis. post Mortem, vol. iv., p. 305. 

J Collins* Peerage, vol. ii., p. 68. 

§ Inquis. post Mortem, vol. iii., p. 312. 



RIBBESFORD. 67 



and advowson.* His only child Anne died three years after 
her father, and the ownership then went to Anne Countess of 
Warwick, wife of Richard Nevil, the famous Kingmaker. The 
next heir was Margaret, wife of John Talbot, Earl of Shrews- 
bury, the " Terror of France." From her it descended to the 
Viscounts Lisle. In the time of Henry VH. it came to Eliza- 
beth, wife of Edmund Dudley, memorable in history as a 
partner in the firm of ** Empson and Dudley." Her son, the 
last owner of Ribbesford by descent from the Beauchamps, was 
the famous John Dudley, father-in-law of the Lady Jane Grey, 
created Duke of Northumberland by Edward VL After the 
execution of Northumberland his estates were forfeited, and 
Ribbesford was granted to Sir Robert Acton, Kt., whose son 
sold it to the Churchills. It soon passed by purchase to Sir 
Robert Cooke, then to Sir Henry Mildmay, and afterwards to 
Sir Henry Herbert, in whose family it remained for exactly 
160 years. Sir Henry Herbert, Kt., Master of the Revels, 
made the purchase in 1627 ; and among the persons named in 
the deed of conveyance was his brother George Herbert, the 
saintly poet of the English Church. Sir Henry Herbert's name 
appears often in the Appendix, and he was a generous bene- 
factor to Ribbesford. In 1640 he was elected to the ** Long 
Parliament" as Member for Bewdley ; but on Aug. 20, 1642, 
the House of Commons resolved that he should be disabled 
from sitting on account of his having put into execution the 
King's Commission of Array. At the Restoration he was again 
returned for Bewdley, and held the seat until his death in 1673. 
His son Henry was returned for Bewdley in 1676 ; and in 1694 
he was created Baron Herbert of Cherbury, in consequence of 
the failure of male issue in the elder branch of the family. His 
son Henry succeeded as Lord Herbert of Cherbury in 1708, 
and was Recorder of Bewdley. In 1738, however, he com- 
mitted suicide by hanging in one of the turrets of Ribbesford 
House. + Having no issue, the title became extinct, and the 
manor passed to his cousin, Henry Morley, a descendant of Sir 
Henry Herbert. In 1782 the estate was inherited by George 



• Inquis. post Mortem, vol. iv., p. 230. 

t It is said that his valet came into the room while Lord Herbert was 
still living, but not daring to thwart so great a man, he ran off to Bewdley 
to ask the Bailiff what was to be done ! 



68 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

■ ■ — I — — — ■ ■ f— ■ 

Paulet, afterwards Marquis of Winchester, who in 1787 sold 
the same to Francis Ingram, of Ticknell. Mr. Ingram died 
Oct. 21, 1797, and by will gave the estate to Sir E. Winnington, 
Bart., of Stanford Court, for his life ; and after his decease to 
Edward Winnington, the second son of the said Sir E. Win- 
nington, and his first and other sons in succession, he and they 
taking and using the name and arms of Ingram. The present 
owner is the Rev. E. Winnington Ingram, Rector of Stanford- 
on-Teme. 

The house is of great antiquity, and doubtless stands on the 
spot occupied by the de Ribbesfords in the time of Henry II. 
It was formerly turreted, with a moat round it, over which by a 
drawbridge a spacious court-yard was entered. The arms of 
Herbert with motto ** Pawb yn y arver " are over a doorway. 
About. 1790 two sides of the quadrangle were pulled down, and 
the moat filled up. In 1830 several thousand pounds were 
spent in repairing and improving the house. 

The church, dedicated to St. Leonard, is in parts very old, 
and is especially remarkable for its wooden arcade separating 
the nave from the south aisle.* The original church here was 
of the Norman period, and was only a small chapel occupying 
about two-thirds of the north aisle. Mr. Loftus Brock has 
traced out the growth of the church. He says, ** Probably the 
first enlargement took place eastward, the north wall of the 
nave being carried on in a straight line, and so assuming its 
present length and position. The next enlargement was pro- 
bably the present nave of the church, the south aisle being 
evidently a still later addition. The extension of the church to 
include the present nave was doubtless made sometime in the 
first half of the 15th century, and might very possibly coincide 
with the time when Henry VI. put the town of Bewdley into 
the parish of Ribbesford." 

In the south aisle is a little door which leads by a winding 
staircase to the entrance of what was formerly the roodloft. 
Under the roodloft was the carved oak rood screen, of which 
some interesting pieces are now preserved in the pulpit. In 
one compartment is a fox, dressed like a monk, preaching to a 

* There were formerly two wooden arcades, and the church would then 
resemble the very interesting one at Lower Peover, near Northwich, Cheshire, 
which has not undergone much change since the time of Henry VI. 



RIBBESFORD. 69 

congregation of geese. Another represents a pig playing the 
bagpipes, while the little pigs dance to the music. These are 
probably caricatures of the begging friars, between whom and 
the parish priests there was often much bitterness. 

Here the greatest puzzle to antiquaries is a rude shallow 
carving on the tympanum over the north door. It belongs to 
the earliest part of the Norman period, and is in a good state of 
preservation. The illustration of it is from a sketch by " Cuth- 
bert Bede," who was the first to clear away the thick coats of 



whitewash from some of the smaller carvings on this doorway. 
The question is. What was in the mind of the sculptor when he 
made it ? Was it to commemorate an event in local history, or 
was it an emblem of the Christian faith ? There are some curious 
local legends connected with the figure of the Archer Knight ; 
but the latter is the more probable view, especially as so many 
unmistakably ecclesiastical carvings were made about the same 



70 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

- 

time in other churches.* The Gospel was to be preached to an 
uneducated people *' in churches indeed pre-eminently, but also 
hy churches subordinately," and purely secular subjects are rarely 
if ever seen on sacred buildings of this date. On Ribbesford 
porch we have a rude but clear emblem of our Redemption. 
The human soul, personified by the deer or other animal, is 
fleeing from the pursuit of a huge monster — typical of the evil 
one — when the Saviour intervenes, and slays the enemy. In 
Norman times the Archer would be the most real symbol of 
strength. This, too, seems to be the teaching of the carving on 
one of the capitals. A bird is swooping down on a fish. Coming 
to the rescue, however, is a larger bird, wdiich in turn swoops 
down upon the robber and delivers the fish. The fact of the 
final safety of the fish is shown by its re-appearing above. Now 
the fish is the well-known emblem of the Christian. TertuUian 
says : '[ For we after our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, our 
ix^y«, are also fishes, and botn in the water, nor are we other- 
wise saved but by remaining in the water." On the font in 
Castle Frome church, Herefordshire, is the ecclesiastical repre- 
sentation of Christians under the form of little fishes, surround- 
ing the figure of Christ in the waters of Baptism. 

The church was thoroughly restored in 1878 at a cost of 
nearly ;^4000, and on removing the coats of plaster it was found 
that about 400 years ago the walls had been decorated with 
fresco-painting. In the time of Edward VI. this was white- 
washed over, and texts of Scripture were painted on the walls. 
These texts in their turn were whitewashed ; and then again 
came texts of the time of Elizabeth and James I. 

During the restoration two monumental stones were also 
brought to light which had covered the remains of those who 
occupied a high position in the society of former days. The 
Rev. Prebendary F. T. Havergal describes them thus : — 
** No. I is a fine coped grey sandstone, nearly perfect, about 

* On the Norman tynipanum of Aston church, Herefordshire (see frontis- 
piece Diocesan Calendar, 1883), is a representation of the Lamb with a cross, 
the Ox and the Eagle — all well-known Christian emblems. •• At Luton, 
Beds, on the font is a lamb guarding a vine from the attacks of a dragon. 
At Thorpe Arnold, Leicestershire, appears a Christian soldier, opposing a 
shield bearing a cross to the attacks of fiery serpents who assault him in 
vain,, thus guarded." (Ayliffe Poole : Churches, p. 45.) Instances of this kind 
might be rapidly multiplied. 



RIBBESFORD, 71 



six feet six inches long. The foliated cross is of the kind 
commonly adopted at the period. The date may safely be 
assigned to the latter part of century xiii., probably placed 
over the body of an incumbent of this church. The hollow 
chamfer down each side is an unusual feature, and the staff on 
the top of the stone, being grasped by two hands, is a mode of 
treatment I have never seen before. No. 11 is part of an incised 
stone coffin lid of a layman in two pieces. [It had been built 
into the east wall of the S. aisle.] In all respects this is a most 
interesting fragment : all its details plainly indicate that it is 
the work of the former part of century xiv. — circa 13 10 to .1320. 
The inscriptions were usually in rhyme. The use of three 
circular stops between each word is a distinct characteristic 
of this period." [The inscription has been mentioned on 
page 4.] Habingdon gives a description of monuments, &c., in 
this church about 1630. The Mortimer and Beauchamp arms 
are broken. In the N. window of the church the arms of 
Rihhesford : trmine a chief gu. fretted or. In the E. window 
of the chancel and highest pane, Gules seven mascles or. 
Quincy, Earl of Winchester ; quartering Azure, a mullet argent 
pierced of the field. The second and third quarters of the 
escutcheon defaced. The fourth as the first. In the dexter 
pane below, Mortimer with an escutcheon arg. quartering or, a 
cross gu. Ulster, In the sinister, Gu. a fesse between six cross 
crosslets or. Beauchamp , Earl of Warwick. In the N. window of 
the chancel the keeper of a forest praying : Fili Dei, miserere 
MEi. Behind him his son ; next his wife praying, O mater 
Dei memento mei ; after her four daughters : the subscription, 
Orate pro animabus Roberti Borselepole et Margaret.e 
uxoRis EJUS. Over them a man praying, Fili Dei, miserere 
mei ; and his wife in like sort praying. Mater Dei memento 
MEI : the subscription. Orate pro animabus Petri Gansor et 
MARGARETiE uxoRis EJUS. In the sinister pane of the south 
window of the chancel, Gu. in chief or, a lion passant sable ; 
Sir David Veryett or Howell or Dymotte (for these three carried 
this coat) quartering Arg. three eaglets displayed sable : the 
subscription, Orate pro animab^, the rest broken out. In the 
E. window of N. aisle, France and England quarterly with a 
file of three labels arg, ; in the second^ -paLne, Beauchamp quar- 
tering Warwick ; under the first, Or a chevron gules and quarter 



72 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



ermine ; under the second, Arg. on a bend azure three cinque 
foils or. In the second N. window a gentleman armed and 
praying : on his coat armour, Gironn6 of twelve arg. and gules 
(Peverell).* In the second pane a man with his wife and 
daughter, all praying ; his name Hayles, his wife's Margeria, In 
the highest S. window the grocers* arms ; under them the bene- 
factors', of whom only Roger Wear and Ann, his wife, remain. 
In the second S. window, France and England quarterly,* with 
the names of the following benefactors : — Woddall, Southally 
Thomas Haylls, and Alice, his wife ; the rest broken. In the 
W. window, Waldecote, a benefactor. In the chancel is a table 
of the arms of Russel of Strensham. The crest, on a wreath 
argent and sable, a demi lion argent, coloured sable, studded 
or, holding a cross crusel^e botonn6 fitchee sable. Another 
crest argent a plume of feathers or and azure. On a wall in 
the S. aisle the arms of Herbert quartering (i) Earl of Here- 
ford, (2) Newmarch, (3) Semarche, (4) Newton), (5) Hylton, 
(6) Morgan. In the N. aisle an ancient monument of a man 
and his wife quite worn out. Some monuments in the S. aisle 
with crosses. On one of them — " Charles Acton, son of Henry 
Acton." 

On the E. wall of chancel (now on wall of S. aisle) : — ^John Tiler late 
Baili£fe of Bewdley 28 Jan. 1626 ; Joan his wife died 1628. 

Elizabeth wife of John Boraston died 13 Dec. 1662. 

On an alabaster monument are the names of the following persons (among 
others) whose bodies were interred near the middle of the chancel : — ^John 
Soley gent. 4 June 1604. Margaret his wife 5 Jan. 1639. John Soley gent, 
their son 17 Feb. 1652 aged 60. John Soley his son 20 April 1665 aged 63. 
John Soley of Samborn in this county Esq. 17 Oct. 1730 aged 54. 

On other stones are memorials of the following persons : — 

John Boraston sometime prebendary of Hereford & Rector of this church 
fifty-eight years with the chapel of Bewdley annexed 29 Dec. 1688 aged 85. 

John Addenbroke gent. 3 Feb. 1663. Mrs Margaret Addenbroke, dr of 
Mr Edward Addenbroke, late Rector of Lower Sapey, and brother to John 
Addenbroke above-mentioned 4 April 1712 aged 29. 

William Price, Rector of Ribbesford, 26 Sept. 1724 aged 60. 

James Perkes senior freeman of Bewdley 23 April 1710. 

Richard Clare 11 Jan. 1708 aged 53. 

John Pooler rector of Ribbesford 11 Aug. 1706 aged 39. 

• These arms are now in the south window of the west end. 









.% 
^ 



I^IBBESFORD. 73 



Richard Cheeke gent. & Mary his wife (only dr of Sam. Jones gent.) he 
died 27 May, 1754 aged 39. 

•• Here lie interred the bodies of William Hopkins late of Bewdley gent, 
who deceased July 19, 1647 And Helena his wife who deceased Nov. 16, 1656 
both in a good old age. 

Ask you in these what vertues were 
Needlesse it is to write them here 
Go ask the rich they know full well 
Or ask the poor for they can tell, 
G, H. posuit. 
••Joh. Cupper Cler. Gram. Scholae Liberae de Bewdley Proto Magister 
in expectatione diei supremi qualis erat dies iste indicabit Ob 27 Jan, 
A.D. 1720 Aetat. Suae 57." 

Mr Burnd Westlake d. 24 Jan. 1742 aged 42, 

Benj. Beale merchant 29 May 1745, 

Benj. Beale, merchant 20 Feb, 1786. 

Susanna Beale married Paul Hughes of Kidderminster Esq. d, 14 Jan, 
1868 aged 95. 

Bonham Caldwell d. 13 Feb, 1797, 

On the wall of S. aisle is a handsome brass, which was erected by the 
ofl&cers of the Inniskillen Dragoons to the memory of Captain F. W. Ingram, 
son of the Rev. E. W. Ingram, Rector of Ribbesford. 

•• Lt. Col. Thomas Onslow Winnington Ingram third son of Rev. E. W. 
Ingram of Ribbesford House. He was killed at Lucknow in the East Indies 
March 14th 1858 when in command of his regiment at the capture of the 
Kaiser bagh in the 42nd year of his age." 

Marianne Elizabeth wife of Rev. John Ryle Wood Canon of Worcester & 
youngest daughter of Rev. E. W. Ingram. Born at Ribbesford June 8, 1824, 
d. at Worcester Aug. 10, 1844. 

Rev. E. W. Ingram Canon of Worcester Cathedral and for 32 years Rector 
of this parish d. May 7 1851 aged 65. Jane his wife dr. of the Very Rev, 
Arthur Onslow D.D. Dean of Worcester d. Dec. 10 1850 aged 66. 

Mr John Hayley Alderman of Bewdley Oct. i 1779 aetat 57, 

Rev. John Hayley Jan. 16 1795 aetat 36. 

Margaret wife of Thomas Hayley 19th Sept. 181 2 aged 41. 

Thomas Hayley 28 March 1821 aged 61. 

Frances his second wife 19 June 1832 aged 54. 

James Fryer, Esq., of Bewdley, who died 27 Feb., 1856, aged 87 years. He 
followed the medical profession with honor to himself and benefit to others, 
and by his will bequeathed, amongst other charitable legacies, £2000 to the 
Bewdley National School, /4000 to the Worcester Infirmary, and ;f 900 for 
the benefit of Bewdley Forest Church. 



74 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ » ■ ■ ' ■ 

Christopher Bancks 30 March 1788 aged 67. 

Reader. 

Let not the allarements of a corrupted world seduce thee from the path 
that leads to Glory and immortality. The bed of death wiQ not then be a 
scene of Terror nor thy last Hour an Hour of Despair, 



James Bancks son of the above 13 June 1810. 
Christopher son of William Bancks Feb. 10 1834 aged 79, 



William son of Robert Bancks of Wigan June 7 1793 aged yo. 

Margaret Bancks July 2, 1858 aged 86. 

Peggy wife of the late William Bancks of Corbyns Hall Staffs. Aug. 14, 
1810 aged 54. 

There is still left a fine representation in old stained glass of 
St. George and the dragon. The arms of France and England 
quarterly with two falcons as supporters are also entire, 
[Richard Duke of York or Edward IV.] A window repre- 
senting the Ascension was erected in 1870 in memory of Adam 
Prattinton and Ellen Brook his wife. There is also a beau- 
tiful memorial window designed by Burne Jones " To the Glory 
of God and in memory of Hannah Macdonald, Bewdley, widow, 
who died March 7, 1875, aged 66.*' This window was erected 
by Alfred Baldwin, Esq., of Wilden House. 

There are some curious specimens of churchyard poetry, 
among which are the following relating to the Severn barge- 
men : — 

•' My anchor's cast — 
My rope's on shore-^ 
And here I lie 
Till time's no more." 



John Oakes, Dec. 23, 1821, aged 27, 
" Boreas' blast and Neptune's waves 

Have tossed me to and fro ; 
I strove all I could my life to save ; 

At last obliged to go. 
Now at an anchor here I lay, 

Wher's many of the fleet ; 
But now once more must I set sail 

My Saviour Christ to meet." 



RIBBESFORD. 75 



t( 



Mary, I could wait the wind night and day : 
Through Severn's dangerous course I've made my way 
Full forty years, in friendship's trusty bark, 
Guided by Providence in light and dark. 
With future hopes of being for ever blest : 
So my friends adieu : 
Here I lie at rest." 



List of Rectors and Patrons of Ribbesford, 

Incumbents. 
Patrons. ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ Institution). 

I Simon de Ribbesford, i Dec, 1310 
William de Piryton, 15 Nov., 1318 
Gilbert the Granger of Northlech, 
12 April, 1328 
Robert de Ribbesford , . . . John Bray, 5 May, i349 

Thos. Beaachamp, Earl of Warwick. Walter Elyot, i April, 1387 
Henry Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick Richard Hyde, 31 July, 1444 
William Herbert, of Herbert and of | ^^^,^ ^.^^ ^g ^^^^^ ^ 

Pembroke, by grant of the King . , ) 
Thomas Blount, by grant of Johnl-^gjter Bio^nt, LL.B., 7 March, 1507 
Viscount Lisle . , . . • * ) 

(David Couper, M,A., 24 May, 1531 
Robert Actpn. Esq | ^.^^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^38 

Sir Robert Acton, Kt Thomas Hopkins, 26 June, 1544 

Robert Acton, Esq John Lewis, alias Duke, 18 Nov., 1556 

? George Sowthali, B.A., 17 Jan., i6oo* 

William Cooke, Esq John Hamond, B.A., 2 March, 1614 

King Charles I. (by lapse) . • . . John Boraston, M.A., 4 March, 1630 

Henry Herbert, Esq Anthony Lucas, 7 March, 1688 

/John Pookr, M.A., 10 July, 1695 
William Price, 18 Feb., 1706 
Henry, Lord Herbert of Cherbury., - ^^^^ Bradley, B.A., 20 April, 1725 

(Thomas Knight, M.A., 10 March, 1730 
Henry Arthur, Earl of Powis . . Edward Baugh, M, A., 19 April, 1765 

George Paulet, Esq William Jesse, M.A., 27 Aug., 1795 

^, , ^ (Edward Winnington Ingram, M.A., 

Thomas Ingram, Esq | 31 Jan., 1815 

Rev. Edward Winnington Ingram ., E. W. Ingram, M.A., 4 Dec., 1847 

/John Walcot, M.A., 14 July, 1854 



Rev. E. W, Ingram 



E. H. W. Ingram, M.A., 13 March, 
1876 



• Date of induction ; date of institution not known. 



76 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 




2)owlc0. 



dm 



OWLES takes its name from the brook which here 
enters the Severn : it is derived from the Celtic 
dhu^ black, which still appears in five rivers in 
Wales called Dulas.* For the early history of 
Dowles we are indebted to the laborious investi- 
gations made by the late Rev. R. W. Eyton, the 
historian of Shropshire. ** Dowles," he says,| ** is cut off from 
Stottesden by eight miles of intervening territory, and by the 
Forest of Wyre, a not insignificant barrier. But Dowles, isolated 
and distant, was yet under another name a member of the 
Domesday manor of Stottesden. Its ancient name was Achisey 
or Hakieshey. Either one of the Palatine Earls or else Henry I. 
gr»anted it to Wydo son of Helgot at a ferm or rent of 2s. per 
annum. Helgot was Domesday Lord of Stanton and the 
Founder of Castle Holgate. Wydo, the second of three sons, 
had three estates, at Quat, Achiseia, and in Worcestershire, 
Previous to 1127 ^^ granted them all to Great Malvern Priory. 
Henry I. being at Hereford in 1 126 or 11 27 confirmed to Malvern. 
inter alia those two solidates of land, * that is Acheseia, which 
pertains to Stottesdun, for which Wido Fitz Helgot used to 
render 2s. per annum of ferm.' He also concedes it to them 
• quit of those 2s. and of all other services, for the health of his 
soul.* In consequence of the King's quittance of his rent, the 
Sheriffs of Shropshire for ages deducted from their annual ferms 
a sum of 2s. in alms to the Monks of Malvern : thus, * In elemo- 
synis constitutis Monachis de Malvern 2s.' " 



* Isaac Taylor's Words and Places, p. 143. 
t Ey ton's Shropshin^ vol. iv., p. 160, 



DOWLES, 77 



Henry's Winchester Charter of 1127 shows that Achisey was 
the present Dowles. The King is reciting a grant he had made 
of land on the east of Severn, and perhaps a part of the royal 
manor of Kidderminster. He uses these words ; ** I give them 
also the land of Northw' * to assart between Hauckesbroc and 
Lindrugesithe from Heneduneia to the Severn, to hold quietly 
and freely for ever.*' He then adds, ** And on the other side of 
the Severn I give them 2 solidates of land, that is Hakiesheia, 
together with a certain part of the wood which pertained unto 
Stottesd', according to those bounds whereof Fulco, the Sheriff, 
has caused perambulation to be made, which Fulco hath seized 
them (the Monks) thereof by my command ; & this land I allow 
to be free of the said 2s. & of all other services.'* 

** Of Dowles under its new name, and as a possession of 
Malvern Priory," continues Eyton, ** we hear nothing for 2 
centuries. In Oct., 1292, the Prior of Great Malvern was sued 
under quo warranto for his right of holding pleas of the Crown, of 
seizing the chattels of his men when fugitive or convicted (of 
felony), and of having wayf in his manor of Doules. The Prior 
appeared and cited Henry HI.'s Charter to Westminster Abbey 
and its Cells (of which Malvern was one). He said he held two 
great Courts yearly. The matter went to a jury, which found 
that the Prior had never held the said two Courts, nor tried any 
pleas of the Crown till 3 years back, when he obliged his men 
of Doules to cross the Severn and attend his Court of Nortwode 
in Wors®. The suit of Court thus lost to the Crown they valued 
at 2s. per annum. So on this point the Prior was in misericordia : 
he forfeited the said suits and their appurtenant franchises, 
which remained to the King, and had to pay 6s. damages for 
the 3 years above-mentioned. Afterwards the Judges conceded 
the disputed Courts to the Prior for an annual rent of 6s. 8i. if 
the King would accept it. As to chattels and wayf, two clauses 
of the Charter warranted the Prior's claim." 

The taxation of 1291 omits Malvern's interest in Dowles, 
unless a carucate of land at Northwood and 20s. of assized rent 
there can include both estates. 

• Northwood east of Severn exactly opposite Dowles Wood on the west 
bank. Hawkeshay and Hawkesbrook are perhaps connected in nomencla- 
ture with Hawkbatch. 



78 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

Richard le Wireman granted and confirmed to Edmund de 
Mortimer a weir at Dowles with a fishery, which had been held 
by him of the Prior and Convent of Great Malvern, he paying 
to the Convent los. in silver and to the chief lord of Kidder- 
minster 2s. Witnesses — Henry de Rybbeford, Ralph de Arrag., 
Hugo de fFrene, William de Foxcote. 

In 1534 Dowles and Northwood are collectively valued as a 
Shropshire estate of Malvern Priory. The as'sized rents and 
rents of tenants-at-will were £g i8s. gd.\ the fines, heriots, and 
amercements of Court were los.; the average profits from the 
Wood, £1 ; the total of £11 8s. gd, was lessened by los., the 
annual value of some structure (Kidellus, a kiddle or kettle, a 
contrivance for catching fish set in a weir) in the Severn which 
had been destroyed by the King's order. The Ministers' Accounts 
of 1542-3 give a total of ;^i2 15s. 6^. as arising from similar 
sources, but mention Dowles only as the estate thus valued. 
(Monasiicon in., p. 453.) 

Eyton says it is difficult to conjecture how Dowles church 
came to exist. If it had been built before the manor passed to 
Malvern it would have been affiliated to Stottesden. The 
monks did not willingly found churches, though they readily 
appropriated them. This riiay be an exception. More singu- 
larly, it was never appropriated by the monks, but remained a 
Rectory ! It was formerly dedicated to St. Lawrence.* After 
the Reformation it appears as St. Andrew's, f The Vator of 
1534 gives Rectory of Dowlyz as in Deanery of Burford — £/^ 
per annum in glebe and tithes ; Thomas Blakwey, Incumbent. 
The Priory of Great Malvern had a pension of 13s. 4^. there- 
from. (Val. EccL III., 214, 240.) 

At the suppression of the monasteries Dowles and Lilleshall 
Abbey were given to James Leveson, " marchant of the Staple 
of Caleys."J ** By indenture 17 Aug. 35 Henry VIII. (1543) 
James Leveson conveys to Thomas Grey of Whyttington Staffs, 
the Manor & Lordship of Dowles with all the rights &c. to the 
late Priorie of Moche Malverne late belonging and appertaining, 

• 1 514. A brief for St. Lawrence of Dowles. 

t Ecton's Thesaurus, 1742. Bacon's Liher Regis, 1786. 

} An ancestor of the Duke of Sutherland and Earl Granvillt. 



DOWLES. 79 



y* is to whytt : — HoUowfeld. The Were, Holly days. Drayford. 
The HoUeyn. Cotes. The Grove lode. Milwardes. Crabbes. 
Botts. Trynyte Ground. Corkerells. With the Advowson of the 
Church — all which were given by letters patent to James Levi- 
son dated 14 July -35 Henry VIII." Consideration ;^32o. An 
annuity of 265. Sd, was to be given to John and Thomas Greene, 
Bailiffs of the Manor of Dowles. The seal is of red wax. Crest, 
a goat's head. 

About 1570 Francis Newport, Esq., appears to have been the 
owner, and the manor remained in his family more than 100 
years, for in 166 1 and 1669 Francis Lord Newport presented to 
the Rectory. In 1677 Henry Herbert, Esq., of Ribbesford 
House (afterwards Lord Herbert of Cherbury), married Anne 
Ramsay and ;^5ooo of her dowry was settled upon her, and 
Dowles was bought with the money. This explains why Lord 
Herbert of Cherbury was called upon in 1695 to arbitrate about 
the right to certain ** kneelings" in Dowles church.* About 
1790 the manor was purchased by Samuel Skey, Esq., the 
builder of Spring Grove, who set up extensive chemical works 
in the parish. A tramway and canal that he constructed are 
still to be traced, leading to the spot where the present Gas- 
works stand. There were also extensive brass and pewter 
works, and gold refining was carried on. Dowles continued in 
the hands of the Skey family till 1871, when it was purchased 
by the late Edward Pease, Esq., of Darlington. 

The old stone church, built soon after the time of Henry II., 
was pulled down about 1784 and a plain building of brick 
erected in its place. The high square pews were replaced by 
open seats in 1867 ; and in 1882 a new apsidal chancel was 
built and the church thoroughly repaired at a cost of ;^68o. 
New Sunday Schools are also about to be built on a site kindly 
given by the Executors of the late Mr. E. Pease. 

The monuments in the church bear the following inscrip- 
tions : — 

Samuel Skey, Esq., of Spring Grove, Worcestershire, Lord of the Manor 
of Dowles, d. March 27, 1800, aged 74. 

His whole life was one continued scene of Usefulness, Industry, and 
Benevolence, and few men have died more generally or more deservedly 
respected. 



* See Dowles Parish Registers. 



So A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

■ — " — ■ — ' • ■ ■ ~~~~~ — ■» 

Also Sarah his wife, d. Dec. 5, 1790. Whose amiableness of disposition 
and goodness of heart endeared her to all who knew her. 

Samuel Skey, of Spring Grove, only son of the above-named Samuel and 
Sarah Skey, d. 26 March, 1806, aged 47. 

And of Samuel the eldest son of the last-named Samuel Skey and Sarah- 
Laurens his wife. He died 25th June, 1812, aged 10 years 9 months. 

In the same vault are the remains of Sarah-Laurens, widow of the late 
Samuel Skey, and wife of Joseph Fletcher, A.M., Rector of this parish. On 
the nth of July, 1840, in the 65th year of her age, she fell asleep in Christ 
Jesus. 

Arthur the youngest and last surviving son of the above-named Samuel 
and Sarah Laurens Skey. Born Jan. 3, 1806, and died March nth, i860, 
aged 54. 

Mary Burton, relict of William Burton, Esq., of Pollerton, Co. Carlow, 
Ireland, d. at Leamington Nov. 22nd, 1862, aetat. 70. " To me to live is 
Christ to die is gain." 

Christopher Piggott Bancks, of the Heath, near Bewdley, born May 7, 
1786, d. Feb. 21, 1865. His maxim was " To do justly love mercy and to 
walk humbly with his God." 

Also of Christopher Whitcombe Bancks, the dearly loved only child of the 
above, born Aug. 21, 1849, d. April 20, 1856. 

William Parsons, late of Bewdley. Some time a Senior Merchant in the 
service of the East India Company on their Establishment at Madrass. 
D. Aug. 18, 1816, aged 61. 

Emma Prichard, d. 11 Nov., 1822, aged 73 years. 

Edward Prichard, Esq., of Netherton, d. 22 Dec., 1851, aged 68. 

Mary Prichard, wife of above, d. 14th July, i860, aged 64. 



Rev. Mr John Hassall, d. April 16, 1739, aged 56. 
Mary his wife, d. Feb. 22, 1755, aged 65. 
John their son, d. Sept. 3, 1764, aged 47. 
James Hassall, late of Netherton, d. Jan. 23, 1794, aged 75. 
••A family esteemed for their Honesty, Piety, Prudence, and Mutual 
Affection . ' ' 

Elizabeth Howard, wife of the Rev. Thos. Howard, of Bewdley, and 
eldest dr. of Rev. Martin Crane, many years Rector of this parish. 
Ob. 12 July, 1757. M. 58. 

Rev. Thomas Howard, 47 years Minister of Bewdley Chapel and 24 years 
Vicar of Neen Savage, in this county. Ob. 24 Sept., 1778. M. 72. 

Joseph Crane, Alderman of Bewdley. Ob. 11 July, 1782. M. 73. 

John Crane, Alderman of Bewdley, son of Thos. Crane, of Low Habberley, 
in the parish of Kidderminster, gent. Ob. 23 June, 1780. JE. 42. 



DOWLES. 8i 



Thomas Howard Crane, of Bewdley, Esq., d. Nov. 4, 1852, aged 85. He 
was the senior member of the late Corporation of Bewdley. 

Rev. Joseph Crane, of Bewdley, d. Sept. 9, i860, aged 84, 

Rev. John Cawood, M.A. Oxon, d. Nov. 7, 1852, aged 77. 

James Cole, of Bewdley, Surgeon, d. Jan. 23, 1857, aged 70, 

There is a memorial (1702) of several gifts for the poor of 
Dowles : — 

Thomas Grove : 1636 : 405, 
Mr Walter Abbots Rector : 1683 : £2 los, 
Humphrey Garmston : 1684 : los. 

Mr Nathaniel Williams Rector : 1701 : £5 for Bibles &c, 
Francis Radnal : 1703 : £2 10s, 
William Guy: 1706: los. 
*• The Righteous shall be in everlasting Remembrance.'* 

All the above charities have long been lost. 

Miss Ellen Vobe in 1840 left ;^ioo to the poor, but it was not 
invested, and has all been distributed. She also left Dowles an 
interest in her gift of ;^5oo for 12 ** old maids." 

The Rev. Joseph Crane and his two sisters each left £^0 for 
the poor. This now brings in £^ 7s. 6d. yearly. 

Charles James Burton, Esq., of Richmond, by will dated 
23rd of June, 1874, left ;^iooo for the poor not receiving alms or 
parochial relief. This produces ;^28 los. yearly. 

Mrs. Anne Prichard Smith, of Bridgnorth, in 1876 left ;^ioo 
to the poor. This also is invested, and yields £2 i8s. 6d, yearly. 

In the churchyard is buried the body of William Pitt, an old 
soldier, who thus tells his story from a tombstone : — 

" At Dettingen and Fontenoy 
Death stared me iii the face, 
But gave me furlough and convoy 
To meet him in this place." 

William Le Grosvenor, who claimed to be the head of the 
family of the Grosvenors of Eaton Hall, is also buried in this 
churchyard. 

In 1848 the hamlet of Button Oak, in the parish of Stottes- 
don, was transferred to Dowles for ecclesiastical purposes ; and 
an iron church was erected there in 1873 ^Y *^® l^^v* E. V. W. 
Davis, Rector. 

The population of Dowles in 1881 was 127, and that of 

B utton Oak 97. 
10 



82 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



1334 Apr. 14 



Rectors of Dowles.* 

John de Barnewell inst. to\^. „^ ._, 

the Church of St. Law-l^i?^* ^°°^^°' °^ ^'*** 
- ^ , I Malvern 

rence of Dowles . . . , ) 



1368 Oct. 16 Henry de Ripple .. .. Bp.jur.dev. 

1385 Sept. 10 John Marsh Prior & Con v. 

1390 July 23 John Bulkere.. ,. .. do. 

1390 Dec. 2 Sir Edward Da,beneye 
1393 Aug. 20 Sir Philip de Hordeley . . do. 

1435 Aug. 19 Sir William Warewyke . . do. 

Sir Thomas Dyer, ob. 1522. . do. 

•Humphrey Woddall grantee 
152I Mar. 18 Sir William Talbot . . . . • hac vice of Prior & Con- 
vent 

153I Mar. 23 (Sir John Gardiner. Dowles) p^^^ 
-^^ ^ [ St. Andrew .. ..) 

Thomas Blackwey . . 

1560 June 15 Henry Elston . . .. .. Bp. by lapse 

1561 June I Ralphe Smythe .. .. Vky. jure devol. 

157S Mar. 13 Thomas Warter .. . . P'L °^u ?JT*' ^■' ^"^ 

( Humph. Hill, gent. 

William Rogers, sep. Feb. 3,) 

1629 1 

Nathaniel Eston 

1661 Jul. 10 William Dalby ,, .. Francs Lord Newport 

1669 Dec. 16 Walter Abbots . . , . do. 

1683 John Smeethes . . . . Lord Herbert 

1694 June 7 Nathaniel Williams . . . . do. 

1701 Jan. 27 William Price . . . . do. 

1707 Henry Baldwyn . . . . do. 

1710 Dec. 16 Martin Crane.. .. .. do. 

1728 Butler Cowper . . . . do. 

1779 William Jesse . . . . Henry Morley Herbert, Esq. 

1814 Joseph Fletcher 

o (Edward Valentine William) 

'^7' t Davis I 

1876 John Richard Burton . . Edward Pease, Esq. 

* From the Blakeway MSS. in the Bodleian Library and from the 
Parish Registers. 




WRIBBENHALL. 



83 



Mribbenball. 



a^ 




HIS name seems originally to have been given to 
a larger area than the present parish, and to 
have included Bewdley. The derivation of the 
word is uncertain, and it has been variously 
written as Gurbehale, Wrbehale, Wurbenhal', 
Wrobbenhale, Wurbenli, and Wrignall. The 
Bewdley side of old Wribbenhall was given in the nth century 
to Worcester Monastery, but the present Wribbenhall, as a 
part of Kidderminster, seems to have remained in the hands of the 
Crown^till Henry H. gave it to his Cupbearer, Manser de Biset. 
It remained in the hands of the Bisets till the reign of Edward I., 
when this family was represented only by two co-heiresses. 
One of them being afflicted with leprosy, gave her share to the 
Hospital for leprous women at Maiden Bradley, in Wiltshire. 
The other half, including Wribbenhall, belonged in 1337 to Sir 
Nicholas Burnell, and his son Sir Edward Burnell, of Acton 
Burnell, Salop, gave Eymore Wood in 8th King Edw. to the Priory 
of Worcester. After the dissolution of monasteries the wood 
was granted to the Dean and Chapter of Worcester ; and the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners, who now have the management 
of it, have lately recognized their responsibility as landlords by 
increasing the small endowment of the Vicarage. From the 
Burnells Wribbenhall came to the Barons of Abergavenny, and 
was purchased from them by Lord Foley, of Witley. In 1838 
the hamlet passed into the hands of Lord Ward, now Earl of 
Dudley, who is the present lord of the manor. 



84 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY, 



Wribbenhall, from its excellent quays and vicinity to B^wd- 
ley, had formerly much commerce ; and Brindley at first proposed 
making the basin of the canal here instead of at Stourport. At 
a spring tide as many as 400 pack horses have for several nights 
together been quartered in the place.* 

In 1701 the chapel of ** Christ church in Wribbenhall'* was 
built by subscription.! It was erected on a piece of garden 
ground held on lease by John Cheltenham under Lord Aber- 
gavenny, and a free sitting was to be allowed to Cheltenham. 
Afterwards the inhabitants deprived him of his seat, so by 
direction of Mr. Day, Lord Abergavenny's steward, the key 
was taken from the clerk and given to Cheltenham, who kept 
it, and let the clerk fetch it when he wished to toll the bell. 
Lord Abergavenny sold the estate to the Foleys ; and in 1750 
Lord Foley ordered Mr. Collins, the Curate, to deliver up the 
keys. He refused to do this without the consent of the inhabi- 
tants, so John Lewis (Lord Foley's steward) nailed up one door 
and put a padlock to the other. Mr. Boraston, Lord Foley's 
nominee, then attended and read prayers and homilies on 
Sundays. Before the Bishop's Court it was alleged that Lord 
Foley was sole proprietor of the room at Wribbenhall, and that 
if he wished he could pull it down or use it for any purpose he 
liked. The Attorney-General was, however, of opinion that 
Collins was curate for life, and that the inhabitants had a right 
in equity to the use of the chapel. The Register of Baptisms 
and Marriages begins Ajwril 8, 1723. The chapel was conse- 
crated April 8, 1 84 1,, and the ground surrounding the chapel 
was at the same time consecrated as a burial-ground. In 1844 
(June 19) a District Chapelry was assigned to the church, 
which thereupon became a Perpetual Curacy ; and in 1856, 
under 19 and 20 Vic, c. 104, Wribbenhall was constituted a 
separate parish. The old church was well built, but completely 
devoid of architectural beauty ; and in 1879 a new church was 
built dedicated to All Saints. The site had been given some 
years previously by the late Walter Chamberlain^[Hemming, 
Esq. , and his widow contributed very largely to the building of 

* Nash^ Appendix, p. 47. 

t Consecration sentence. Prattinton, however, says the chapel was built 
in 1 719, and a new lease granted in 1728. 



WRIBBENHALL. 



85 



the new church. The old church was then pulled down, the 
disused churchyard enclosed, and a stone cross erected on the 
spot where the altar had stood. 

There is a monumental brass in this church ** In memory of 
Col. Philip Wodehouse, late of the 15th hussars, second son of 
the Rev. Philip Wodehouse, Prebendary of Norwich, born 
Aug. 6, 1788, died at Wribbenhall Dec. nth, 1846. He was 
actively engaged during the war of the Revolution until he 
witnessed its termination on the field of Waterloo." 

The beautiful east window was erected ** To the Glory of God 
and in memory of Walter Chamberlain Hemming : died July 7, 

1873." 

Below another painted window is the following inscription : — 
** To the glory of God and in memory of an unselfish life. 
Martha daughter of the Rev. Edward Baugh : born 7 May, 
1803 ; died Oct. 23, 1865." 

In 1773 an advertisement in Berrows' Worcester journal 
announced that Netherton Hall in this village was to be let. 
** There are Grates in the Fire-places, and the Rooms are 
genteelly hung with Paper.'* 



Some Incumbents of Wribbenhall. 



1720 
1722 

1739 
1742 

1749 



Walter Jones 
John H assail 

Bingham 

Daniel Collins 

Boraston 

Thomas Wigan 
Joseph Taylor 
Miles 



.... John Foley 

.... Filewood 

.... George Wharton, B.D. 

1836 William Hallen 

1850 Charles Warner 

1864 Augustus William Gurney 

1878 James Lamb Cheshire 



>?^' 




86 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 




lower Breleij, 



m. 



OWER ARELEY or Areley Regis is about 3 miles 
below Bewdley. The church of St. Bartholomew 
is on a commanding situation overlooking the 
Severn Valley. From time immemorial Areley 
has been very closely connected with the larger 
parish of Hartley. The lord of the manor of 
Martley was also lord of Areley ; and the Rector of Martley 
still presents to the Rectory of Areley. In 3 Edw. I. John le 
Despencer was lord of the manor. Later on it came into the 
hands of the Mortimers, then of the barons Delaware, and from 
them by sale to the Mucklowes, who continued for many genera- 
tions owners of Martley and Areley. In 1696 Thomas Zachary, 
Esq., married Elizabeth Mucklowe, ^nd^ in 1766 the manor 
passed by descent to their grandson Thomas Zachary, and from 
him to the present owner, Sampson Zachary Lloyd, Esq. 

Areley Hall is an ancient manor house, and Prince Rupert is 
said to have slept in it before the battle of Worcester. Mr. 
Lloyd has an extensive collection of deeds from the time of 
Henry III. downwards, and also ah interesting MS. containing 
the Household Expenses of Simon Mucklowe, who lived in the 
reign of James I. 

The chief object of curiosity in Areley churchyard is a wall 
about 18 or 20 feet in length built up of eight large sandstone 
blocks, each stone being more than 4 feet long and about i^ ft. 
square. On it is the inscription — 

'* KSo\oyr\fAa Quare 
Reponitur Sir Harry.' 



fi 



LOWER ARELEY. 



For a long time there was great speculation as to who " Sir 
Harry" might be. The registers were lost and there was no 
other record. But {as showing the value of internal evidence) 



'^'^.-^^fo^;-t2^ 



in Astley church is a monument to the Rev. Thomas Bowater, 
Rector of Astley. 

" His soul Heaven has 
Dirt dirt does cover 
Our Saviour saw one such, 
We one other ; 

Of his succ:essor3 shall be said hereafter 
As good or bad, as like, unlike Bowater," 

Signed^" Henricns Conicgsby, Eques auratus, 1696." 
It was argued (and as it turned out justly) that in an illiterate 
age there could not be two rhyming " Sir Harry's," and hence 
the AifloXoy/i^a was conjecturaily assigned to be Sir Henry 
Coningsby's tomb. This proved correct, for in 1842 a perfect 
copy of the Areley Kings' burial registers was found in a 
lumber room at Tewkesbury, and in it occurs the entry " the 
8th day of December, 1701, Sir Harry Consby, Knight, was 
buried in wollin, according to y* late act of Pari'." 

This Knight was an ancestor of the Earls of Essex, and hved 
at Hampton' Court, Herefordshire, where he dropped acciden- 



88 . A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

tally his only child into the moat, and was so afflicted by the 
loss that he retired as a recluse to a small property called The 
Sturt, Areley, whence he superintended the erection of his 
monument as a permanent pane or portion of the churchyard 
fence, while the other panes being formed of wood have long 
since disappeared. Sir H.Coningsby also planted three walnut 
trees near the slab covering his remains at the foot of the above 
dwarf wall ; and made a bequest in his will that the boys of the 
parish were to crack the nuts on the said slab on a certain day 
in the year. But in the long Revolutionary War (1790 — 1815) 
walnut wood was valuable for gunstocks, and the trees were 
felled, and the boys deprived of their sports. The wall of 
blocks is now much distorted, and the sandstone is so friable that 
ere many years are past only a heap of sandy dust will be left. 
Sir Harry Coningsby was a descendant of Thomas Coningsby, 
who died in 1498 and was buried in Rock church. 

In the chancel is an inscription to the memory of Walter 
Walsh, who died in 1702. It records that he was " ruinated by 
three Quackers, two lawyers, and a fanatick to help them." 

To many the chief interest in Areley Regis will arise from the 
fact that it was the residence of Layamon, the author of the 
" Brut,** one of the earliest books written in the English tongue. 
Mr. J. R.Green says, ** Historically it is worthless, but as a monu- 
ment of our language it is beyond all price. After Norman and 
Angevin English remained unchanged. In more than thirty 
thousand lines less than fifty Norman words are to be found."* 
There are two MSS. of Layamon*s " Brut,*' the one written 
early in the 13th century, the other about half a century later. 
The earlier version is in the Southern dialect, while the later has 
many Midland peculiarities. Both texts were edited by Sir 
Frederick Madden in 1847, from the Cottonian MSS. for the 
Society of Antiquaries.! It is much to be desired that some 
memorial of Layamon should be placed in his church. Mrs. 
Baldwyn Childe has designed and erected a beautiful window 
to the memory of another great early English writer, William 
Longland (Piers the Ploughman), in Cleobury church, Shrop- 
shire? Will no one in Worcestershire do the same for this 
equally distinguished writer of his county ? 

* Green's Short History of the English People, p. 117. 
t Morris' Specimens of Early English Text, p. 64. 



LOWER ARELEY. 89 

Rectors of Areley Kings. 

Patrons, Inxumbents. 

Layamon son of Leovenath, c. 1200 

Johannes de le Ryvere 1282 

Johannes de Chausy, Rector de) Henricus Everard, cap. 14 kal. Jul., 
Martley ., .. .. ../ 1311 

Ricardus Fillob, cap. 10 kal. Dec. 1323 

David Maynard, Rector de Martley.. Johannes le Clere, pbr. 9 Sept 

Johannes Savsy do*. . . Will'us de Ideshale, 20 Sept., 1354 

Will'us de Hulle do. .. Will'us Flayting, 16 Jan., 1363 

W. Brugge, R Will'us atte More, 11 Sept., 1369 

W. Reede, R. . . . . . , . . Thomas Cross, 1401 

Joh. Wybbe, 8 Dec, 1404 

Richardus Cone, 23 Oct., 1405 
Thomas Pontesbury, R Thomas Cross, 22 Oct., 1407 

Ricardus Sodden, 4 Nov., 1416 

R. de Marteley Thomas Frensche, 19 Jan., 1419 

John Greve, R Johannes Richard, 17 Jun., 1454 

Johannes Mary ten, 8 Oct., 1458 

Ricardus Richards, Nov., 1464 
Will'us Feld, R. .. .. .. Walter us John, 25 Jan., 1472 

Joh. Paul, R Ricardus Oldenale, 22 Oct., 1479 

R. de Martley Johannes Wall, i Nov., 1485 

Walt. Baker, R. Ricardus Bogy, 11 Jan., 1509 

Will'us Wartry, 23 Nov., 1520 

Rogerus Walker, R Will'us Weston, 25 Oct., 1558 

Fr. Jones, R John James, 3 May, 1577 

Humphrey Walker, 7 May, 1589 
Rob. Wylde of Worcester, by grant) ,j^^ ^^^^^^^ g ^^g^ ^^g^ 
of John Vernon . . . . . . i 

Rob. Vernon Richard Vernon, 4 Oct., 1710 

R. of Martley John Haughton, i Oct., 1733 

Thomas Vernon, 29 May, 1738 
Thos. Dunne, R. of Martley.. .. George Hulme, 1794 
The Lord Chancellor (for this turn) . Henry James Hastings, Oct., 1831 
H. J. Hastings, R. of Martley . . John Parsons Hastings, July, 1856 
J. P. Hastings, R. of Martley . . Edward Acton Davies, Oct., 1875 
Ditto Daniel Vawdrey, Sept., 1880 



^ 



II 



go A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 




v^v^^i^: 



"Clpper Hrleij. 



^ 



RLEY, anciently written Earnley, means " an open 
place in a wood, the abode of the Eagle."* An 
osprey or sea eagle was shot there in the present 
century by Lord Valentia's keeper.! In 996 
Arley was given by Wulfruna, widow of Aldhelm 
Earl of Northampton, to a religious house at 
Wolverhampton (Wulvrune*s Hampton). In the tima of 
William II. Bishop Sampson diverted Arley to Worcester 
Priory. Bishop Roger {temp, Henry I.) gave it to a Judge, 
Henry de Port, who built and endowed the church. Adam de 
Port, his son, placed the living in the hands of the Bishop of 
Lichfield. Later on Hubert de Burgh sold to Robert de 
Glovernia ** certain lands in the Ville of Arley," which had 
been the lands of Osbert de Hextan. In the church ia a stone 
figure in armour with crossed legs, and bearing a shield threa 
bars dencette gules. Bishop Lyttelton supposed that the knight 
was a de Hextan. The Rev. E. Hardwicke surmised that he 
was Sir Richard Delamare. The late Rev. Mackenzie Walcott 
believed him to be Walter de Balun, who married Isolda, 
daughter of Edmund de Mortimer and heiress of Upper Arley 
{Nash, vol. II., app. iv.). A sketch of the tomb is given opposite 
page 72, but the knight's identity is still uncertain. 

Richard Duke of York sold this manor to Sir William Burley, 
of Broncroft Castle. Burley had two daughters, one of whom, 
Joan, marriad the famous Judge Sir Thomas Lyttelton ; and 

* A ar is the German for eagle, and the erne is the " bog-eagle" of Scotland, 
t Analyst^ No. ii., p. 84, Sept., 1834. 



UPPER ARLEY. 91 



thus the manor was carried to the Lytteltons, who enjoyed it 
for 300 years. From i65o Arley was the chief seat of this 
distinguished family, and many of their monimients are still in 
the church. When George the "good" Lord Lyttelton built 
Hagley Hall, Arley fell into the background, Thomas the 
**bad" Lord Lyttelton left Arley to his sister's son, George 
Viscount Valentia and 2nd Earl of Mountnorris. The fine 
castle at Arley was built by Lord Mountnorris on the site of the 
old manor house ; and, together with the church, forms a 
striking feature in the landscape. The castle grounds contain 
many specimens of rare trees, one of especial interest being the 
Sorb Tree,* the largest now in England. The Earl died in 
1844 without issue ; and soon afterwards the estate was 
purchased by Robert Woodward, Esq., whose eldest son 
succeeded him as lord of the manor in 1882. The parish 
registers commence in 1564. The following is an imperfect, 
list of 

Rectors of Upper Arley. 

Incumbents. Patrons. 

Temp. Henry III. Philip de Bray .. Bp. of Lichfield 

1632^-1655 John Thomas . , 

.... 1662 Orford 

.... 1684 John Waldron 

1684 — 1707 Thomas Parkes 

1707 — 1758 Joseph Chellingworth 

1758 — 1794 John Brooke George, Lord Lyttelton 

1794 — 1800 Thomas Simon Butt . . • .. George, Viscount Valentia 

1800 .... Thomas Butt Ditto 

1851 — 1862 Richard Hart Ingram 

1862 .... Charles James Wilding 



See Miscellanea. 



92 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

■ — • — - — - ■* - ■ - < ■ ■ ■ ■ ^ j i 



^be IROCft or WHdL 




HESE two names, seemingly so different, according' 
to Bishop Percy, are identical. The village was 
called Aca or "The Oak" in Latin, and the 
English " The Rock," is only a corruption of the 
old Anglo-Saxon Thaer Ac, that is Ther Oak, or 
The Oak. Dr. Percy believed firmly in the tradi- 
tion that the original Oak, which thus gave its name to the 
parish, was the same where St. Augustine had the famous 
interview with the British Bishops, as narrated by the 
Venerable Bede. " In the meantime, Augustine, with the 
assistance of King Ethelbert, drew together to a conference the 
bishops or doctors of the next province of the Britons, at a place 
which is to this day called Augustine's Ac, that is Augustine's 
Oak, on the borders of the Wiccii and the West Saxons."* In 

an old atlas preserved at Shakenhurst, entitled "The large 
English Atlas, By Emanuel Bowen, Printed by John Bowles at 
the Black Horse in Cornhill" — presumably of the date a.d. 
1670 — Rocke is mentioned as noted for Augustine's oak, where 
he and the British clergy held a Conference, 

Bishop Percy says, " When the new Turnpike Road was first 
made [1753] the Gate being set up at the Apostle's Oak, the 
Gatekeeper, till his House was built, took shelter in the old 
hollow Trunk, in which he made a fire that caused it to be 



Ven. Bada Hist. Eccles., lib. 11. cap. ii. 



THE ROCK OR AKA, 93 

barnt down. I remember being told this by Mr.Meysey Rector 
of the Rock about the year 1754 ^^ ^755 when I was on a Visit 
at his Parsonage house."* 

In Saxon times Godric and Alward, thanes of Earl Algar^ 
held respectively the hamlets of Alton and Lindon. Ulmer 
held Halac and Grim owned More. In the Conqueror's time it 
was the land of Ralph de Tony, and was afterwards held under 
him by the Abbot and Convent of St. Ebrulph at Utica in 
Normandy. Later on Rock and Snede were owned by Henry 
de Ribbesford, and afterwards came to Beauchamp Earl of 
Warwick. By attainder 15th Hen. VII. the manor fell to the 
Crown, and was granted 37 Hen. VIII. to Richard Andrews, 
who alienated Roke and Sued to Robert Acton. Alton and 
Roke were granted i Eliz. to George Blount by Bryan Carter 
and Mary his wife. John Coningsby had lands in Roke and 
Sued by lease from the king : these descended to Fitzwilliam 
Coningsby of the Bower. 

The church is dedicated to St. Peter, and part of it is of 
Norman work, notably the fine chancel arch. The chancel 
deviates slightly to the south — a symbol of the leaning of our 
Saviour's head upon the Cross. The tower was erected in 151a 
by Judge Coningsby, who also built the chantry of St. Mary and 
St. George, in which is his altar tomb. The incised effigy of 
Richard Smythe, Rector of the church (1529 — 1554), in his 
vestments, is now let in the wall of the chantry. The church 
was thoroughly restored about 20 years ago by the Rev. 
Arthur Sever ne. 

The chapel of St. Giles at Heightington in this parish is also 
of great antiquity, and the interior was once adorned with fresco 
paintings and stained glass. 

Richard Baxter says that in his time there were two curates 
of Rock: one got his living by tying faggots, the other by 
making rope. 



* From an autograph letter to Robert Bromley, Esq., of Abberley Lodge, 
now in the possession of Miss Bromley, of Bewdley. The letter is headed 
•* Near Northampton, May 31, 1797." 



94 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

Rectors of Rock. 

Patrons. Incumbents. 

Pope John Peter de Hope, 5 kal. Oct., 1333 

King Richard le Gierke, 9 Oct., 1338 

Roger de Stanford, 11 Sept., 1340 

Abbot and Convent of St. Ebrulph) v^, ^ j« x? • u x t\ ^ 

in Normandy »; | John de Friseby. i6 Dec., 1361 

King Richard Attewell, 16 May, 1381 

William Kydermynster, 28 Oct., 1385 

Richard Crateford, 4 Feb., 1385 

Robert, Prior of Mountgrace .. Thomas Ewyer, 21 May,. 1398 

Bishop . . . . . . . . . . William Lamprey, 31 Aug., 1399 

King . . . . Roland Blnnd, 14 Apr., 1414 

Robert Skinner, alias Montgomery, 
13 Apr.. 1415 

Prior and Convent of Shene.. .. William Coryngham, i June, 1416 

John Thedilthorp, i Nov., 1426 

John Wyllys, 12 June, 1439 

John Spencer, 10 Decem., 1481 

John Algar, 17 Nov., 1514 

Richard Smyth, 3 March, 1529 

Thomas Hopkins, i Aug., 1565 
William Coke (or Cooke), d. 1607 

Benson, D.D., 1607 

Edward Boy leston .. .. .. Saxes Boy leston, 4 Nov., 1672 

Edward Partington, 13 July, 1716 
John Meysey . . . . , . . . William Petwin, 24 Sept., 1731 

John Meysey, 9 March, 1732 
Francis Watkins .. .. -. Ralph Lingen, 16 Oct., 1764 

Charles Watkins Meysey .. .. Richard Watkins, 11 Aug., 1770 

Ralph Lingen 
William Henry Hill. 1812 
John Michael Severne . . • . . William Severne, 1840 

Anna Maria Severne Arthur Severne, 1853 

Alfred James Alfred James, 1862 

Caroline Reiss Frederick Augustus Reiss, 1870 

The church of the Holy Trinity in the Far Forest was con- 
secrated in 1844. The parish was taken out of Rock and 
Ribbesford, and the patronage is alternately in the gift of the 
Rectors of those parishes. The Registers date from 1848, and 
appended is a 

List of Incumbents of the Far Forest. 

Robert Onebye Walker . . 1844 — 1848 Rector of Ribbesford 

James T. C. Saunders . , . . 1848 — 1853 Rector of Rock 

Josiah Turner Lea , , . . 1853 .... Rector of Ribbesford - 



1 



LOWER MITT ON. 95 




Xower fUMtton* 

OWER MITTON (Stourport) is mentioned in 
Domesday as one of the hamlets of Kidder- 
minster under the name of Metune, John Cofton, 
of Cofton Racket, was anciently seized of lands 
here, which descended to his heiress, Lucy wife 
Alex, de Hodington, 20 Edw. III. (1245), and in 
this line it continued till 7 Henry VI. John Lench, a Lancas- 
trian, forfeited it by his attainder in 3 Edw. IV., but Henry VII. 
restored his son, John Lench, to this his paternal estate. After- 
wards Sir William Lygon held it, but sold to every tenant the 
inheritance of the estate he occupied. Later on he sold the 
manor to James Clent. In 1563 Mitton chapelry contained 23 
families. 

There has been a chapel at Mitton for centuries, but burials 
used to be made at Kidderminster. In 1625 (Nov. 13) the 
ground lying round the chapel was consecrated for burials by 
John, Bishop of Worcester. Mr. John Odell, Vicar of Kidder- 
minster, John Yariranton and John Wilkes, chapelwardens of 
Mitton, and John and Humphrey Grove, gentlemen there, were 
the petitioners. The Vicar of Kidderminster and his successors 
were to receive for the burial of every person in the churchyard 
6i., for a burial in the chapel 6s. 8^., and in the chancel 105.* 

The present plain brick church of St. Michael was erected on 
the old site in 179 1. In 1844 (June 19) the hamlet of Lower 
Mitton was made a chapelry district, and the chaplain became 
a perpetual curate. In 1866 (Aug. 7), by Lord Blandford's 
Act, the curacy became a vicarage, and the present incumbent 
is the first vicar. The earliest register is dated 1693 J ^^^ *h® 
patron has always been the Vicar of Kidderminster. 

The foundations of a new church from the designs of Sir 
Gilbert Scott were begun on Sept. 8, 1881, and were completed 
last year. About ;^40oo have been promised or paid to the new 
church fund ; and it is believed that ;^8ooo more would complete 
the nave, so as to make it available for divine service. 

* The deed is printed in Nash, vol. ii.. p. 59. 



96 A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

The hamlet of Upper Mitton (in Hartlebury) has been lately 
attached to Lower Mitton ; and the new church of All Saints 
there has been erected at the sole cost of Alfred Baldwin, Esq., 
of Wilden House. 

The visits of John Wesley to Stourport have already been 
mentioned (page 50). 

"About 1766, where the river Stour empties itself into the 
Severn below Mitton, stood a little alehouse called Stourmouth. 
Near this Brindley has caused a town to be erected, made a port 
and dockyards, built a new and elegant bridge,* established 
markets, and made it the wonder not only of this county but of 
the nation at large. In the year 1795 it consisted of 250 houses 
and about 1300 inhabitants. Thus was the sandy barren 
common at Stourport converted, in the space of 30 years, into 
a flourishing, healthy, and very populous village. "f 

Acts of Parliament for the construction of the Worcestershire 
and Staffordshire Canal were passed in 1765 and 1770, and the 
principal basin was made at Stourport. The canal is 46 miles 
in length, and has 44 locks : the total cost of construction was 
;f 1 05 ,000. 

By the Reform Act, Stourport was joined to the Parliamentary 
borough of Bewdley. The list of members is given in the 
Appendix (page xl.). 

Stourport is still a thriving town, and carries on the manu- 
facture of carpets, iron and tin wares, leather, screws, and 
barges. 

Appended is a list of some 

Incumbents of Mitton Chapel. 

1552 W. Spytull 1779 John Grubb 

1663 Timothy Kirk 1781 Francis Baines 

1669 Edward Thomas 1782 David Davies 

167 1 John Brown 1829 Charles Wharton 

1692 Nathaniel Williams 1850 Stephen Richard Waller 

1694 Jonathan Cotton 1861 Benjamin Gibbons 

* The bridge erected in 1775 was destroyed by a flood in 1794, and an iron 
bridge of one arch, 130 feet span, was set up in its place. This bridge was 
rebuilt in 1870. 

t Nash, appendix p. 47. 



APPENDIX 



APPENDIX. iii- 



leytracte from 
1Ribbe0for& Cburcb IReaietere^ 



In the year of our lord god 1598. + Fins 
This Regester Booke was copped owte by awarde made at 
the Parlement houlden at Westmenster in the forteyeth year of 
the Raigne of o' Soverane Lady Elizabethe By the Grace of 
god Queene of England, ffraunce & Irelond Defender of the 
faythe. 

The entries from 1574 to 1598 were copied ** from an oulde 
booke" — part of which was missing — ** by John Glover, Clk. 
ofp'sh." 

Georgius Sowthall Artram Baccalaureus Concionator publicus inductus 
fuit Rector de Ribbesford decimo septimo die Januarii Anno Dni. millesimo 
sexcentesimo. 

Baptisms. 

1574 Dec. 12. John the Sonne of Ambros Hartley, Caper 
Feb. 3. Margret the daughter of a Litell taylor. 

1575 Aprell I. Annes the Daughter of thomas warter,* Clarke 
Nov. 27. Elizabethe the daughter of John Grove, hatter 
Jan. 26. John the sonn of Mr Anthony mucklow f 
Feb. 20. Robarte the sonn of John Vickres 

Be mercifull unto us God of thy godnes 

1576 Sept. 9. John the sonn of william holms, sherman 
Sept. 21. flfraunces the sonne of John Bolton, taner 
Nov. 27. william the sonn of Humflfrey unckels 

Call to Remembrance thy sinns and offences. 

1577 Nov. I. J oane the daughter of humflfrey Brasher 

* Chaplain of St. Andrew's, Bewdley, and Rector of Dowles. 
t Son of Richard Mucklowe, Esq., of Hodon. 



IV. 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



Delle with the thinge that Lawful and Righte for so shall hit pies god heter then 

sacref esses of Bullockes andyonge shee asses 

1577 Jan. 4. Thomas the sonn of thomas warter minyster 

1578 May 17. Richard the son of Richard Jones the curat of Ripsford 

End dewer thou unto the end thowghe thou suffer greate Trubles and Extremieties for 

the trewthe sake 

Katheren the daughter of John Glover* shewmaker 

Thomas the son of thomas Bowlson t 

Josnath the sonn of Humfrey Brasher 

Robart the son of Robarte Acton Esquier \ 

moyses beinge fownd in a owt hows 

John the sonn of flfraunces hill, taner 

Philipe the sonn of Harry Grove goner 

Richard the sonn of Rowland Longley p'son of Corle § 

ftortune the daughter of Mr Robart Acton Esquier 

John the sonn of Richard Brian flecher || 

Edward the sonne of Nickolas Crondall Clark 

John the sonne of John Hayles tanner 

John the sonne of Richard townesend a stray nger 

Arculus the daughter of Edward Bayles 

George the sonne of Henry Hathweye LP farryer 

Elenor the daughter of olever thloyd IT 

Anne the daughter of Thomas morres a glover 

Margret the daughter of a straynger came to the Councell 

Henry the sonne of John Sowley tanner 

ffraunces the sonne of Edward Robinson a Bower 

Katheren the daughter of John Wilkes 

Sibell the daughter of John Hay ley 

Edward the sonne of Edward Plevey 

Isabell the daughter of John Pardee 

Anne the daughter of thomas Dedicott of wrignall 

Thomas the sonne of Thomas Goughe parchment maker 

Peregrine the sonn of Richard franklen the usher 

God save Elizabethe our Queene. Amen. 

BURIALLS. 

1575 Dec. 26. Ann the dawghter of Mr Henry Blonte Esquier from 

horshill 
Jan. 4. mistres Blonte the wiffe of Mr Henry Blont Esquer 

* The parish clerk who copied this Register, and inserted the religious and 
moral maxims in the margin. 

t First Bayliff of Bewdley, 1606. J Owner of Ribbesford. 

§ Coreley (?) || Maker of arrows. 

II The Welsh pronunciation of " Lloyd." Dr. Beddoe, F.R.S., of the 
Anthropological Society, says that the people of Bewdley still have much 
of the Celtic or Celtiberian physical type, their hair particularly being more' 
often dark than that of their neighbours east of the Severn. 



1580 






1580 


Nov. 


20, 


I58I 


Ap. 


13. 




Ap. 


20. 




Feb. 


27. 


1582 


Aug. 


28. 




March 3. 


1583 


Oct. 


10. 


1584 


Feb. 


7- 




Feb. 


24. 


1585 


May 


30. 


1586 


July 


II. 




Sept. 


24. 


1588 


Aug. 


II. 




Sept. 


22. 


1589 


Ap. 


13. 


1590 


Ap. 


I. 




July 


13. 


1592 


March 26. 




Aug. 


9. 


1593 


Oct. 


14. 




Nov. 


15- 




March 16. 


1594 


Sept. 


17- 




Oct. 


30. 


1596 


Oct. 


28. 


1597 


Jan. 


13- 



APPENDIX. 



V. 



1576 Feb. 24. Margret the dawghter of David verrett * 

1577 March 19. A stranger ladd was buried 
1580 Nov. 21. Elenor taylor a owld wenche 

March 8. Anne Knyghte a prisnor owt of the Jayle of woster 

1582 Feb. 4. William the sonne of Philipe Turstone Clarke 

1585 June 27. Owen Apprichard 

ther was Buried in this year 1587 of a straynge sicknes in this p'ishe 
of Ripsford 84. 

1588 Ap. 21. owlde mother Kidder widdow 

July 6. william mathewes a Clarke of the Councell 

1589 July 7. Master John Drap Debetey of Bewdley 

1590 July 8. A welch woman that came to the Councell 

1592 Jan. 13. Sister a poor wench a straynger 

1593 [Burials in June 4, in July 11, in Aug. 50, in Sept. 45, in Oct. 27, in 

Nov. 18, in Dec. 11. Total for the year 202.] 

Aug. I. Mr Thomas warter minester of Bewdley 

6. Thomas the sonne of John ap Bo wen 

16. Robarte the sonne of John ap Bowen 

17. John ap Bowen Capper 
17. Annes Bowen his wiffe 
17. Ales the dawghter of the sayd John ap Bowen 

17. Richard the sonne of the sayd John ap Bowen 

18. Ales the dawghter of Henry James 
21. The sonne of Henry James 
21. The dawghter of Harye James 
24. The dawghter of Harye James 
24. Th'other dawghter of Henry James 

Sept. 14. AUes James 
,, 15. Henry James 

Geve no occasion of Evell But fear gods Anger 
The Lord take us to his mercy e amen. 

[The totail number of deaths in 1594 was only 44.] 

Prayse God allways. 



1596 Dec. 22. 

Feb. 25. 

1598 July 24. 

Aug. I. 



Richard the father of John Vickreg of the age on 100 

yeares and i yeare departed at myten 
John Myllard of glathermyll 

ther was buryead the harte and Bowels of Mr Sherrer t 
George Leathe of wrignall was drown ded as he was goinge 

to wesh himself in Severn in a storme of Littinge and 

thunder on Lamas Even at nyghte 



* Arms formerly in S. window of Ribbesford Church. 

t Thos. Sherer, Esq., Clerk to the Council of the Marches : his body was 
buried at Shrewsbury, of which town he was Bailiff in 1589. 



vi. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



1609 


Oct. 


30. 


I6I3 


Apr. 


21. 


I6I5 


Maye 


24. 




Oct. 


12. 


I6I8 


June 


I. 


1640 


Feb. 


9. 


1647 


Dec. 


27. 


1652 


Ap. 


19. 



Matrimony Anno D^i 1574. 

1597 July 10. Thomas Stiche and Indians his wiffe. 

Dec. 30. George Sowthall Parson of Ribbesford and Bridgett 

Stookes were married att Worcester. 
1604 Oct. 8. Richard Whittcott and Margarett Sowley att dowUs in 

licentia 
William Hopkyns * and Hellen Vickaris 
ffraunces Gildinge f and Issabel Beste 
Thomas Hill & ffraunces Shelly at dowles 
Arthyr Palmer & Elizabeth Shelly at dowles 
Silvanus Sare & Joyce Tombes 
Nicolas Kendricke and Ann Phillips 

Thomas Wright Rector of Hartlebury& Joyce Pountney vid. 
Walter Pallmer & Anne Clare 

Benefactors to Ribsford and Bewdley. 
Anno Dni 1633 

In the yeare above written Sir Henry Herbert, Knight, Patron of the 
Church and Lord of the mannor of Ribsford, bestowed upon the said Church 
the great greene Cushion whereof the upper pt is velvet & the lower pt 
Sattin, together with the case of greene shagg-bayes to keepe, carry, and 
preserve it in, the cushion to be for the pulpitt when sermons are therein 
delivered : which cushion was stoUen, and one like it bought and pd for 
by the 

Anno Dni 1634 

In this yeare the same Sir Henry Herbert Knight bestowed also upon 
the Church of Ribsford a carpett of greene broad-cloath with a greene silk 
fringe about it to be put upon the Communion Table : and also did line and 
studd the desk of the pulpit in the said Church. 

Anno Dni 1636 

In this yeare Mrs. Margarett Whitcott } wid : gave (for a new yeare's 
gift) unto the Church of Ribsford a Communion Cupp of Silver with a Cover 
for the same, weighing seventeen ounces tearmeing it the widowes mite. The 
same yeare the above-mentioned Sir Henry Herbert Knight gave unto the 
Church of Ribsford also a large Communion Cupp of silver with a cover for 
the same weighing . . . ounces, with case to preserve it in with this 
inscription § 

* "The most eminent wise and truly religious magistrate of Bewdley, at 
last Member of the Long Parliament." — Richard Baxter. See Burials, 
July, 1647. 

t One of the donors of the Mill and Meadow Money. 

J NSe Soley. See " Registers," Oct. 8, 1604. 

§ Inscription on silver cup : — 

Soli Deo Gloria 
Poculum- benedictionis cui benedicimus nonne communio Sanguinis Christi 
est Cap X Pauli ad Corinth. Donum Henrici Herberti Eq. Ecclesise de 
Ribsford Anno Dom 1636 mens. mart. Ante Festum Paschae. 



APPENDIX, vii. 



Anno Dni 1637 

In this yeare Richard Vickris merchant and then cheife Sheriffs of the 
Citie of Bristol gave a greene Cushion of Plush to be used upon the pulpit in 
the Chappell of Bewdley. 

Anno Dni 1638 

In this yeare against Easter the same most liberal! and worthy Bene- 
factor Sir Henry Herbert gave to the Church of Ribsford a silver flagon for 
the wine at times of administration of the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper 
weighing . . . with a case to preserve it in. 

In the same yeare the said Sir Henry Herbert also was at the care & 
cost of making that cupp which Mrs. Whitcott (aforenamed) gave, and a 
little old one which the Church had formerly belonging to it, into one, 
proportionable and uniform with the great cupp of his gift abovementioned 
with a cover of silver thereunto ; for wh Cup and cover he gave also a case 
for the safe keeping and preservation. All which he hath freely done, given 
& bestowed to the glory of God, the ornament of the Church, and the 
exemplarie encouragement of others. 

Anno Dni 1639 

In this yeare also against Easter the abovesaid worthy Knight Sir Henry 
Herbert gave to the Church of Ribsford another silver flagon foUoweing the 
first, for the same use as is abovementioned weighing . . . with a case 
to preserve it in.* The same Sir Hen. Herbert gave 4 pewter potts with 
hanglesses to carry them by, to containe the wine at the communion. 

Baptisms. 

1604 March 10. Elizabethe the daughter of Richard Inett tanner on the 

wyre hill 

1615 May 29. Thomas the Sonn of Thomas Paramore Gente of Ripsford 

was baptised the viijth Daye of June & was borne xxix 

Daye of Maye. 

A true Coppye of a Letter sent from the WorpH William Sebright to 
the worpll the Bayliffe, the Parson, the Corporation of the Towne of 
Bewdley, & the p'ishioners of the p'ish of Ribsford. [He gives 
565. 4^. yearly to provide '• against every Sabaoth day for ever 
hereafter, the quantity of thirteene pennyworth of good sweete and 
holesome bread of wheate, the same to be set uppon the Com- 
munion Table at the beginning of morning prayer."] 

Copy of part of the last will of Mr Samuell Sayer of Needlestead in 
the County of Suffolke Esquier, 1623. [He provides Almshouses 
for 6 poor men & endows them with £$ each.] 



* The inscription on this flagon is : — 

Implete & haurite nunc 
Hoc est novum illud pactum 

per meum Sanguinem 
Donum etc. 1639. 



viii. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY, 

- 

Mem. that Sir Henry Herbert in 1633 bestowed the greate greene 
Cushion wherof the upper part is Velvet & the lower part Sattin for 
the use of Ribsford Church at any time of preaching in the said 
church, or upon especiall occasion (now & then happening) for the 
like use of the Chappell in Bewdley. 

1624 Nov. 2. Thomas sonne of Willm Madstard* & Alice 

Nov. 25. Charles sonne of the Right Honourable Spencer Lord 

Cumpton beinge baptized in the Chappell of ye 
Mannour house called Ticknell, & borne on ye 24th 
day of October f 

1626 July 30. William the sonne of William Tither \ and Anne 

1630 Aug. 15. Elizabeth ye daughter of Anne Lambert supposed to be 

the daughter of a stranger whose name to ye said 
Anne was unknown as she sayth upon examination 

1634 Manoah the sonne of Manoah Sherrard High Schoole- 

master & Elizabeth 

1637 July 30. Richard ye Sonne of Robert Morton Minister 

1639 Sept. 8. Sares § the sonne of Thomas Boilston & Anne 

Burials. 

1599 I^ec. 17. A poore boy out of the Queen's stable 

1 601 Francis Corbet of the Park my 11 

1603 Sept. 17. Susanna the daughter of John Morgan the peste 

1604 Oct. 10. Sara Barnsley out of the cabbinlT the peste. 

[From Oct. 1604 to April 1605 there were 115 deaths from the peste or 
plague, of whom 23 belonged to the family of Barnsley] 

1607 Nov. 25. Mrs Elizabeth Churchill wife of Mr John Churchill Esquire 

of Ribbesford dyed at London on St Stephen's day 
Anno Dom. 1606 

1608 Ap. 25. Gabriell Brasier of Burford who was slaine on S* George's 

day 

1609 May 27. John weaver the Baker of the george over agaynst the 

Chappell 

16 10 David Taylor alias Pint pott 

161 1 Mr John Grove gent sometimes Deputy of Bewdley 
May 7. Lewis Morris Minister of the Chappell being Curatt there 

161 3 Mr Andrewe Armstronge — a Scottish gentleman killed at 

Kinlet and brought to Ribbesford and buried there. 
He was killed on the 13th, and buried on the 15th, April 

1614 March 23. Clemen Vaughan the wife of meredethe vaughan did 

drowne herself in the parke pooU at the myll. 

* Chaplain of Bewdley. 

t Grandson of William Earl of Northampton. 

\ This is still the local pronunciation of ♦• Tudor." 

§ Afterwards minister of Bewdley and Rector of Rock. 

IF See Chapel Wardens' Accounts. 



APPENDIX. IX. 



I6I6 




1621 Oct. 


17 


1623 May 


24 



a crisom child * of Robert Slater 

Thomas Boylson gent, the first Bayliffe of Bewdley 

Richard Gardiner a stranger, servant to the Earl of 
Northampton the then Lord President of Wales 

William Arnold a stranger who was drowned in the well 
in the upper Street 

William Perrott (sonne of M«" Humphrey Perrott of Bel- 
hall) who was slaine in Bewdley f 
1626 Mr John Tyler one of ye capitall Burgesses 

1632 Oct. 5. Francis the sonne of Thomas Allen of Great Hedgwicke 

was buried at Ribsford beinge scalded to death & 
searched by a Jury in Bewdley the Bayliffe being 
Coroner 

1635 June 20. Elizabeth ye wife of Robert Swath at Cleobury beinge 

excommunicated in Ribsford her owne p'ish 
Feb. 25, Alice ye wife of Edmound Bishopp of greate Hedgwicke 

was buryed by night at Cleobury 

1636 Jan. 31. Edmund Bishopp of greate hedgwick was buryed at Cleo- 

bury Mortimer by Richard Osland then Deacon there 
havinge stood excom. in the church of Ribsford for 
many years 

1637 Jan. g. Thomas Corbett gente. the peste 

1641 Anne Steward who was killed with a fall into a well at ye 

widow Greaves — hir house 
1643 Mr Thomas Hincksman of London was buryed there ; who 

dyed the 8th day of Nov., and had a funerall sermon 
preached at Bewdley in remembrance of him, and a 
funerall dinner kept Decemb. 12 
1645 March 26. John Hams and John Hobs, soldiers 
„ 30. Andrew Coltis, a souldier 
Aug. 13. Thomas Gossage & Thomas Haszald, souldiers 
„ 14. Lieutenant Smelling, souldier 

[In 1645-6 there were 21 burials of " souldiers."] 

1647 July 21. William Hopkins gent, a gracious & able Christian ; then 

Burgesse elected for parliament for the Burrough of 
Bewdley died 19 

[In 1648 the "peste" carried off about 60 persons.] 

1652 Feb. 21. Mr John Solie dyed at Dowles 17th 

[In 1652 the entries give day of death as well as of burial. Many 
were buried on the day of their death : very few later than the next 
day. Only winding sheets were used — ^rarely coffins. See '• Chapel 
Wardens' Accounts" in Appendix.] 

* See Shakspere's Henry V., Act ii. sc. 3. 

t See Midland Antiquary, vol. i, p. 117, for an account of the Perrott family. 



1657 


Feb. 


15. 


i663 






l668 


July 


3. 




II 


3. 




•1 


3. 



X. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

- - 1 - - -- -i~ — 

VOLUME II. 

At the hundred house the 23rd Sept. 1633 before Edward Pytts, William 
JeflFreys, & John Lathum Esqrs & Justices of the peace for the County of 
Worcester 

Whereas it appeareth unto us upon a Certificate delivered unto us from 
the p'ishioners & Inhabitants of the p'ish of Ribsford that they have made 
choice of Mr John Boraston to be Register for the sayd p'ish wee the sayd 
Justices do hereby approve & allow of the sayd John Boraston to have the 
keeping of this Register book according to an Act of Parliamt passed the 24th 
of Aug. 1653. And we have sworne him to execute the sayd Office dilligently 
& faithfully according to the sayd Act. 

[120 births in 1657 ; 100 in 1658 : loi in 1659 : 120 in 1660.] 

Baptisms. 

Leonard son of Leonard Simpson Esq * & Elizabeth 

Bap. Feb. 9 Richard, f son of William Willis & Susanna 

borne January 17 
Mabell, d. of Hughe Yarranton & Margery 
Jonathan, s. of Hughe Yarranton & Margery 
Penelope, d. of Hughe Yarranton & Margery 

This last was borne June 18, the age of ye other two was of Mabell 
about 4 yeares, & of Jonathan about 2 yeares 

Hughe &' Margery — (if not maryed) were presented for ffornication 
before marriage (if yet maryed) & excommunicated, & kept the two 
first so long unbaptized, but having a 3rd. were all three baptized 
together. 

1671 Feb. 9. Thomas son of Thomas ffarloe & Joane. borne in Apr ill 

1665. baptized before by a minister not ordain'd by a 
Byshop, for wch his ffather was p'sented & ordered to 
have this child baptized by one episcopally ordained 

1671 Oct. 2. Susanna J d. of Obadiah Wowen & Susanna, borne Sept. 11 

, (Partington) twin sons of Mr Sares Bolston & Anne, 

{Thomas I borne ffeb. 23 

1718 Sept. 30. Elizabeth dr of Jonn Soley junr of Samburn in ye Parish 

of Kidderminster gent. & Elizabeth. Baptised at Sam- 
burn by Dr Stillingfleet 

1719 Feb. 12. A daughter of John Bedford & Judith (Anabaptists) whom 

they call Esther born Feb. 5 

1720 March William Dugard of the parish of Aka alias Rock 

* Deputy Recorder of Bewdley. 
t Afterwards Bishop of Winchester. 
J See Miscellanea. 



APPENDIX. xf. 



1660 


Sept. 


15. 


1670 


Jan. 


14. 


1680 


Aug. 


26. 


1688 


Aug. 


23- 


1700 


Jan. 


13. 



Matrimonie or Marriages with Publications, 
in the Parish of Ribsford. 

Such persons whose Publications are not mentioned were married by 
the Justices of Bewdley* 

William Willis & Susanna Inett t 

Mr Nathanaell Williams high Schoolemaster and Mra 

Mary Boraston. Licence 
Walter Pallmer & Ann Pooley. Licence 

Israeli Wilks & Sarah Palmer. } Licence 

Pinson Wilmot of the parish of Kidderminster & Anne 

Woods Spinster married by Mr Thomas Boraston 

curate of Bewdley at Ticknell without my leave and 

unknown to me till after the wedding was over 

17 16 Jan. 16. Wm Pountney widower aged above 70 and Margaret 

Moorley widow aged (as some say 84, others 89 and 
others 93) both of this parish. There were present as 
'twas judged 500 spectators 

Burials. 

i66o April 7. Charles son of John Crump killed by the fall of the bodie 

of a dungway reared up to the wall of ye King's Stable 
Mr Walter Pooler, Fellow of Trinity Coll. Oxon 
John Johnson, stabbed into the shoulder by his wife, 
wherof hee died, for which she was buried at Worcester 
M' George Lowe High Schoolmaster 

Thomas More Gent born at More in Shropshire 

Philip son of Philip Payne 

A stranger found dead by a hay-rick 

March 16. Anne daughter of Mrs Elizabeth Perot widdowe 

1677 March 3. John Allen, a walking man 

1709 James Durrham one of the Serjeants of this corporation 

Mary Bliss (who poisoned herself) 

1713 John Coley an Anabaptist. Buried at the Quaker's Meet- 

ing House 
Mr. John Amphlett an eminent Chirurgeon 

1714 William Cowper drowned in Roger Paine's draw-well 

1719 June 17. William Rogers Waterman [an excom. person not buried 

with the Burial Office] 
1719 Oct. 4. Robert Herriton, Maltster [murdered] 

^ 

* During the Commonwealth persons could be married by Justices of the 
Peace after the banns had been published at the Market Cross by the Town 
Crier. 

t Parents of Bishop Willis. 

\ Grandparents of the notorious John Wilkes. 



I66I 


Sept. 4. 




Dec. 19 


1663 




1667 




1669 




1676 


March 3. 



xii. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



accounta. 



1569 Pd to the Curat or Chapelyn in payment of his half yeres 

stypend due at the feast of St Michell the Archangell 
in the loth yere of the sd sovereign lady the Queene vl yfl 

Pd for the half yeres rent of his house iijs {yd 

1570 Item pd for white Incle* for the Bybull id 

Item pd for 2^ yds of greene cotton to cover the Seate 

where the Counsaill f sitteth ivs vid 

pd for an homyny { book agst the Rebels . . . . . . xiid 

1571 pd to Edw. Haward for my Lord Vicnt Harf.f a drinking v» 

pd in the Church to the Plaiers xvid 

pd to John Millard for wine wh. was given to Mr Justice 

Throkmorton xviiid 

pd for gathering oister shells to the bridge iid 

1572 Reed of Edw. Baker for his standing under the Stepell . . xxd 
Reed of Mr Hill and Mr PooUer for the Church Vest- 
ments • • . . . . . . . . . . . . iijl vis viiid 

pd unto Mr Drax for the Communion Cuppe . . . . ivl iv« 

pd to Mr Recevr for postage money viii" 

pd for mending the paule . . . . . . . . . . ivd 

pd for a napkin to the Challis 

pd to Thos Newey for 51b. of lead vid 

pd unto the Alle Wife at Ovr Areley for our dinners when 

we sett down the stonnes . . . . . . . . vid 

pd unto Wm Smythe the laborer for 10 daies work about 

the bridge vs 

Pd unto Mr Sheriffe's men for the mearsement|| of the 

towne .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Ii9 

* Incle, an inferior kind of tape. 

t The Council of the Marches of Wales. 

X A homily book against the Rebels in the North. 

§ Viscount Hereford, 

II Amercement. 



APPENDIX. xiii. 



1572 Pd unto John Hay ley for bandinge the church box . . ij» 

Pd unto Rd Bonkenell for a new bucket to the towne well v^i 

Pd for two horse load of lyme . . . . . . . . xvi<J 

Pd unto the quenes plaiers in the church . . . . . . vis viijd 

Pd unto Mr Heward of the Crowne at my Lord Byshoppe 

of Worcester's being here . . . . . . . . iijs ivd 

Pd unto Edw. Haward for wine at my Lord of Leyster's 

Commissioners being here . . . . . . . . xvid 

Pd unto Wm Griffin for Sir Thos Russell with the other 

Commissoners for there dinners . . . . . . xis 

pd unto John Hayley for the Bonniers drinking at the 

Bonfyers accg to the old custom . . . . . . ivd 

pd unto the Sheriffe for amersement about Stinkes . . xs 

1573 P^ for Wyne and Suger to make my Lorde By shop drinke vis viijd 
pd to my Lorde of Lester's pleyars * . . . . . . viijs 

pd for the forfet of our Register Boke to the Queen's 

Commysoners at Limster . . . . . . . . xijd 

1574 pd to Henry Glashyer for glasinge the chappell t • . . . xxvijs 
pd for Wyne for my Lords kynsman that preched . . ixd 

1575 For a hogsed of wyne given to Syr John Hubots { . . vl 

1576 For paving at the Bolrynge § iiid 

1577 For wyne & sugar when the Justes was heare at the 

monster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iis xd 

For a marked strycke . . . . . . . , . . . . xxd 

To put the scholemaster's chambers in order . . . . iis viiid 

1578 pd to William Lake for mending the gomestoole]] . . ivd 

• These players visited Stratford-on-Avon the same year. 

t A good instance of word-making, and of the origin of proper names. 

X Sir John Huband or Hibbots, of Ipsley, Warwickshire, Stev/ard to the 
Earl of Leicester : one of the donors of the Mill and Meadow Money. 

§ Bull Ring. 

II Cucking stool to •' duck" scolding women. The word is spelt Gronncyll, 
Gounstole, Gomstole (1584), Gomeble Stoole (1588), Gombell Stoole (1618). 
The Leominster ducking stool is still preserved, and was last used in 1817. 
The object of the ducking stool is thus described by Vincent Bourne : — 

'• Near many a stream was wont to meet us 
A Stool, to broils a sure quietus. 
It curb'd the tongue, the passions rein'd, 
And Reason's empire firm maintained. 
Astride it set up but a Xanthippe, 
Then twice or thrice virago dip ye ; 
And not a lambkin on the lea 
Will leave the stream more meek than she. 
A Lethe o'er her memory shed, 
The very shades of anger fled. 
Cool grows the fever of the breast, 
And surging passions seek to rest. 
The lesson ex cathedra taught 
Here balance in the scale of thought ; 
Then say if e'er Socratic school 
Such lesson taught as Ducking Stool." 



XIV. 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



1 578 Pd to my lorde Smy the * to help the Rowcaster f 

Pd for six quartes of wynne when my lord landed at 

Sy verne side . . # . 

Payed for half a pound of suger ■ . . 

1579 Payed Wm. Lake for mending the pyllery . . 
Pd for 2 daies work to whitlime the chappell 
Pd to my lorde Smyth for helping ii daies . . 

1580 Pd for Rushes and franckynsence for my Lordes seate . . 

1582 for 2 quarts of Claret for my Lord Sidney { . . 

1583 Reed half yeres rent for Setes in the chapel 

[Seven at 25. 6d. and three at 2S.] 
pd to Wm Smith for Key to the Workehouse 
1585 pd the Register for staying the appirence at Tenbury in 

byinge a Bibell 

for fy ve skins for mending of the Organ 
for feching the crouner § and gave hym a quart of wyne . . 
1587 pd unto Mr Drax for i5^1bs. of suger yt was given to my 

Lorde p'sy dent II 

For 20 queries H of new glass 
1589 paide for ringinge when the Spanniardes shipes were 
taken in Irelande ** 
pd to the Bally for mirrimente 
Paid in chardges when my yonge Lord was here 

1592 pd for carriage of 4000 tyle from Bristol 

Tiles for paving the chapel . . 

Pd for the drinking bestowed on the Cowtis of Lecester . . 

1593 pd for a new Com'nion Boke. . 

pd for a new dree for the bucket of the towne well. 

pd to Edw. Gosnell for lyme att tymes when we could 

gett no Clee lyme 

pd to Richard Barnsley for wardinge a week 

pd unto the glasier for mendinge the glasse at the greate 

winde in the chappell . . . . 
pd to my Lord President ft his players 
pd for a galland of beere given to the Beishopp of 

Hereford 

pd for a pottell of wyne and suger and metheglin{{ given 

to docter lewys . . . . 



vid 

• • • 

iiis 
xd 

• • • • « 

mid 

xxd 

xiid 

iid 

iis vid 

il iiis vidt 

ivd 

xviiid 

iis vid 

xiiid 

xxvs 

• • • 

llis 

xvid 

vid 

xvis 

xivs 

xxviiil viiis 

xiis ivd 

ivs ivd 

ivd 

viis 
iijs 

xxd 
xx» 

• • • • « 

llijd 
lis ivd 



• Deformed persons are said to have been called " my lord." (Prattinton). 
t Roughcaster. 

Sir Henry Sidney, Lord President of the Marches. 
Coroner. 

Henry Earl of Pembroke. 
IT Diamond-shaped panes. 
** Wreck of the Spanish Armada, 
tt Henry Earl of Pembroke. 
} { Drink made from honey. 






II 



APPENDIX. 



XV. 



1593 pd for a new Com'nion booke 

For a bottell of Clarett wine wh. Os would Stookes gave 
to Mr. Acton* to gett leave to have woodd and 
licence to make a Cabbin in the parke for the sycke 

LH^OLIIC I •• «• •• •• •• ■• •• 

1594 pd to Mr Chambers of Worcester for 9J ells of fine clothe 

for a Surplisse & for the making thereof 
pd to William Millton to make upp the Booke for Strat- 

pd for a sheete and other things about the buryinge of 
one that dyed in the king's stable \ 

pd for making of the chamber in the Almeshouse for ould 
Hatton'S wyfe 

pd for mendinge of a bauldricke and oyle for the clocke 
and for liquor for the bells 

pd to John Glover for nayles & leather to binde downe 
certayne mattes in the Deputyes seate and in the two 
Chauncells§ and for Rushes and for washinge the 
surplesse and table cloathe att another tyme . . 

1595 Reed att St. Andrewes fayre fr. pewterers . . 
For smale standings . . 

Rd at St. George his fayre 

Rd at St. Annes fayre 

pd for digginge of xxvii loades of stone to pave in the 
parke lane and at tynker's gate and att the Bridge 
and att Severne Bridge 

pd to John Draper for v ounces of fringe for the pulpitt 

dOcLLU •• •• •• ■■ •• •• •« 

pd for two skeynes of sylke and for vi yards of greene 
Inckle . . . . . . . . 

pd for settinge it and bindinge it aboute . . 

pd to the Ringers on the queenes hollyday & for a 
pound of candells . . 

pd for washing the table cloathe agaynst Easter . . 

1596 for a Prayer Booke from the Ld Bp of Hervarte . . 

for a Planke to mend the hole out of the Chancell into 

Mersour Tavarn|| 

Reed of Rychard bryan the flecher IT 



ivs ivd 



Xlllld 

xxxs ixd 

xviiid 

xvid 

• • • * ■ * J 

ins Vina 
vid 



• • • • « 

Xlllld 

xiis 

viis 

lis 

lis vid 



vis ixd 

xiis vid 

vid 
vid 

iis 
iid 

ivd 

xvid 
xxxvis viiid 



• Owner of Ribbesford. 

t A plague in 1593 : the Ribbesford registers show 202 burials in that 
year : usual number about 35. 

{ The King's stable appears to have been used as a refuge for •• casuals." 
§ There were three chantries in the chapel previous to the Reformation. 
II There were houses tmder the chancel. 
H Arrow maker. 



xvi. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

1596 Pd to John Glover for the Ringers at the coming in of 

my Lord President * ixd 

P<i for things that were given to the Countesf by the 

towneswomen . . . . . . . . . . . . xl is 

Pd for Mr Justes Shuttle worthes dyet & horsmeate . . xxvs viiid 

1597 pd the 3rd of Aprill Mr Sweeper's wages the first 

payment . . . . . . . . . . . . £1 

pd to the constable Thomas Hill that was geven for the 

rausomyng of soulders . . . . . . . . . . iiis ivd 

A Suger Lofe given to Sir John Pakenton the 30 of July 

1597 waying x lbs iii oz at xxd the lb . . . . . . xvi is 

pd to Thomas Haiward the 4 November for the dyett 

and horsemeat for the Steward Mr Morgan and 

others of my Lords gentlemen . . . . . . . . xliis xd 

for xi fotte of bords to mend on the top of the stepell . . iiis ivd 

pd at the coming in of my Lord to the Towne & for 

ringing the first of May . . . . . . . . . . xviiid 

1598 pd for things geven to the Countes the 6 of June 1598 by 

the towneswomen i suger lofe xvs vid iiii boxes of 

marmalat ixs viiid ii boxes of comfets vs : som . . xxxs iid 

Receyved in pt that the women pay'd towards their 

som iis vid a pece being vii women amounting to 

xviis vid rest to paye 
pd John Glover for filling the holes at tycknill that the 

plomer left undone iiid 

For iiij yards of grene ... to laye one the desk that the 

Justes leans one in the Court House iiis viiid 

pd the 28th October 1598 to a precher iiis 

pd to Mr Millward that was geven to Mr Roper's man 

for writing letter iis 

pd to Henry Smyth for carreg of the same letter to 

Willton} xiis ivd 

1599 pd to Mr Southall & Mr Knype the 5 of September 1599 

to goe to Lichfield about the survaur of the schole 

house xxs 

pd for paynts (?) geven to the scolers viiid 

For corten rings tenter hokes to hang the clothes in the 

Court House iid 

1600 pd to John Wilkes the 12 of May 1600 by Mr Cowpur 

appoyntment for the hier of a horse to Lichfield 
about the survaur of the schole house 



* Henry Earl of Pembroke. 

t Countess of Pembroke. 

} The Earl of Pembroke's seat in Wiltshire. 



APPENDIX. xvii, 

«■'■■'''' ' ^— ^— i ■ ■ 

1600 Reed for ii standyngs betwixt the Condet & the Well . . iis ivd 
Reed of a sault woman at the poule. . •. . . . .-. xvid 
To my ptner Clare the first of March 1600 when Mr 

Coulson went to Ludlow about the schole lands Mr 

Hill gave .. .. •. . .. •. . •.. .. xvs 

Pd to Mr John Mylward in pte of his dett the 7 of 
November 1600 the chardges of Justes Luttner at his 
house xxxvs iiid 

pd the same tyme for Ringing for the Erie of Pembroke . iis 

pd to John Monox for mending to stope out the boyes in 

the lofte in the ehureh, and nayles iiid , 

pd the 12 of March 1600 for cloth to shroud a pore child 
dyed in the king's stabell xid. in money for the women 
to bury him . . . . . , . . . . . . vid 

pd 26 March 1601 for a payer of hooks and hinges for one 

of the wast doors of the Condet in the parke. ... xd 

1601 pd for plankes and bords & noggs* for the walls . . . . iii 
pd to Mr Yardley for his quarter's wages . . . , , . xls 
pd to Dolittle of Kethermoster for the queues rent . , iiijs 
pd for the charges bestowed on Mr Justes as he came 

throu the town . . . . . . . . . . . . xs iid 

pd for a days worke for on man at Higley for playnynge 

ston . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvid 

pd for skowringe the sestorn at ticknell and mending the 

• • • ■ 
LJl L/cS • • •• ■• •• •• ftt •• •• 111^ 

pd for makinge the horse bridge in Dog lane and carege 

of the timber & for the timber . . . . . . . . xiiiis viiid 

Reed the Stipente money the fees beinge allowde owt of 

the same . . . . . . . . " . . . . . . viil vis viiid 

Reed of the widdow Bell for the Bridge House . . . . xs 

Reed of Eleanor ... for the Lower Rowme of the 

Bridge House . . . . . . . . . . . . iis vid 

1602 Reed of the Saltwoman for her standinge at the somer 

poule for the half year . . . . . . . . . . viiid 

The same year there was on Joane Moare gave for her 

cominge into the Almshous . . . . .-. . . xs 

the which was bestowed on the Reparynge of the sayd 

Almshouse by Richard Clare 
For Reparinge the Condet in the parke and in Harry 

Woods garden and in Ticknell . . . . . . . . ijs ijd 

pd to Wm. Smallman for two quartes of Claret wine and 

suger at the cominge of Sir Thomas Lay ton . . . . xxd 

pd for wine & suger & cakes at the eomynge of my Lord t 

* Noggs — filling up of the interstices of a building composed partly of 
wood . — Hall iwell . 

t Lord Zouch. 
C 



XVIU. 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



to Ticknell xviis iid 

Pd to John Monox and his man for makinge the Brige 

at Bark hill iis xd 

Pd to Thomas Mylls for sawinge the timber & making 

the sawpit & filling up the sawpit iijs xd 

Pd unto Greenbanke of Worcester for mendinge the 

nether Condet & the over Condet xxxivs xd 

Pd for digginge of ston in Hitrell and layinge the same & 

mendinge of a mattocke iis 

pd for ringinge at the Lord cominge . . . . . . iis 

for strawinge the Churche vid 

1603 pd for a hondred of brike to amend on of the chimnes 

upon the bridge & for stones & gravel to pave on the 

bridge & for workmanshipe . . . . , , . . vis vid 

pd toe the Clarke of the market for his good will. ... xs 

For Ringinge on Sainte James daye and for Ringinge on 
the kinges hollyday For ringinge for my Lordes 
coming to towne Item for mendinge the Balldrigges 
of the bells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iiijs iid 

For mendinge the benche in the Chancell . . . . . . id 

pd to Dowles of Bromsgrove for vii Kaggesmentes * . . xviis vid 
pd for Bayes, tacks & Incle for my L. his sett . . , . iiis iiid 

pd for the paynting of the Chauncell xxd 

pd to Richard Clare for the repereing of Stenfort Bridge f xxxs 

pd for the amending of the Cook in the Bruhouse in 

Tycknelle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xviid 

pd for the takyng awaye of William Woosloyes child owtt 
of this towne — and he did enter in to band that the 
towne shoUd not be trobled noe more withe hit . . xs 

pd owte of the Stipendary money to Alderman Kinges 

offecers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xviis vid 

pd for mendinge of the coke of the greate condeth in the 

towne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iis vid 

1604 pd to them that playd on the waytes at the cominge in of 

the Lord Zowche . . iis 

pd to the Ringers at the same time xiid 

pd for on statewte booke conserning the poore people . . iis vid 
the charges to answer the Justesses conserninge upton 

brige . . . . . . . . iis xd 

Payde for a newe booke of Com'on prayer Set owte by 

Acte of parlemente of the greate VoUon { . . . . viis viiid 



• Casements (?). 

t Humphrey Pakington, of Over Sapey, built Stanford Bridge in 1548, and 
it is still repaired by Dodingtre Hundred. 

} Hampton Court Conference this year. 



APPENDIX. 



XIX. 



1605 ^^ ^or ^ ^^w booke of Iniuncions . . 

for a stock to sett the kinges boord on . . • . 

for on sewger lofe to geve the Lorde Zowche 

for the charges bestowed on Sir Richard Lewkner & his 

company . . 

for a flagon pot of tine for the Church 

Pd to Mr Morres for his wages beinge three quarters . . 

Pd for payntinge the Chapell 

For shingle to the Scoole howse beinge two thousand 

wantinge halfe a hondered 
For the kepinge of a child to the widow nickols . . 
For shingle more to the Scool howse of the newe build- 

inge being 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . 

Bestowed on the Lord Bishop at his going to Ludlow . . 
Bestowed on Mr hussey the kinges Commissioner . » 

Item for on hoggshed of beer . . . . . • . . . . ^ 

1606 Pd to Thomas Webe for a timber pece to make the 

whiping stokes 
Pd to Mr Milward to goe to Sur Edward Bluntes to 

Kitherminster 
pd to Omfry Hamons for lending a payer of boutes 

1607 for mending the cunstables stafe 

for mendinge the brige at wimbrucke 

for the beare at my Lordes cum'ing 

pd for the kinges holiday last beinge the v November 1607* 
pd for wine when the Judges whent throw the towne . . 
Reed of Jefliri Pardo for pichin pence for the faier 
The charge of Sir Edward Blunt's suit concerning the 

court leete & Towne howse amounteth to ;f 10 4s. 8i. 

as appeareth by a pticular 

To Mr Haward for the leather seale 

for rushes & flowers 

for fringe for my Lords seate. . 

Mr Whitcot hath laide out to the muster-master for 

keepinge of the sicke people, & for wardinge wh. is 

to be levied by the Towne 

161 1 to John Glover for rossin, tallow, pipe, lead and salte with 

other necessary things . . . . 
for mending the stayer dore in the Chappell 
To Hugh Lowe for money wch he layd out for mendinge 

of the prison house at the bridge 

To Thomas the cutler for scouring of holbeards at St 

Andrewes tide 
To Hugh Clare on Christmas day for mending one of the 

IllaSCS •« (« «( (a «« a« *a 



xvid 

viid 

xxs 

iiil xs iid 

vis ivd 

vil 

xlixs 

xlvs 
il iiis vid 

xlv3 

• • • • « 

llis ivd 

ijs 

xviis 

viiid 
iiis ivd 

• • • • « 

llljd 

vd 

vid 

xiiiis vid 

• • • • « 

iiis vid 

ivs ivd 

xxivs 



viijs 

vd 

vid 



37s 8d 

xxd 
ijd 

vs 

xxd 

xviiid 



* Gunpowder plot 1605. 



XX. 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



1611 for a debenter for the townes buisnes for the Curat of the 

Chappell of Bewdley . . . . . . . . . . iiis ivd 

for the change of the Curat's name . . . . . . . . xiid 

To Hugh Lowe for riding to London on the townes 

buisness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxs 

To Wm Glover for his horse . . . . . . . . . . xis 

Pd to Mr Moris & Mr Underbill for one whole yeare . , viiil 

Pd to Will. Keye for the use of xx} wch was due at April 

last 161 1* .. ., .. .. .. .. .. ill 

To Boult for drawinge Interogatories agynst the Bishops 

at Easter tearme . . . . . . . . . . . . va 

To a boye for clearinge claye out of dog lane . . . . iid 

To John Glover for mendinge the Conduit the viiittv of 
ffebruary beinge broken in four places after the great 
frost 1610 . . . . . . , . r . . . . . xvis 

For three fathom of belrope . . , . . . . . . . vid 

To John Glover for ringing the schollers bell this two . 

yeares ended at St Mary day last i6i2t . . . . xxs 

Payd to Hugh Lowe for wine & cakes at my Lord riding 

through the Towne .. .. .. ,, ., iiis ivd 

To Mr Brasier the same tyme for beare . . . . . . iiis ivd 

To Mr Chelmicke for enroulinge the Cope [copy] of the 

surveie + . . . . . . - . . . . . . . vs 

Reed of Richard Gardner for a fraye & bloudshed wch 

he made xs whereof Mr Brasier had iis . . . . viiis 

pd to Mr Simons for a coppy of the enditement wch. 
Hey ward pfered agaynst us for the market bushell 
and for takinge toule on the bridge . . . . . . xii* 

pd for the charges of the Com'ssion betwixt Sir Edward 
Blunt & the Towne for the Commissioners dinners & 
the witnesses . . . . . . • . , , . . vs iiiid 

pd for dinner for vi persons . . . . iiis 

pd the same tyme for wine iiid 

pd to Mr Bayliffe to send up to Mr Bromley at Hillari 
Tearme for suites in law betwixt Sir Edward Blount 
& the Towne . . . . . . . . , . , . xls 

161 3 for haye to laye under the gutter id 

To Mr Dodor Gryffithes for fees to answere the excom- 
munication for Mr Tombes & John Hardwicke . . is xd 



* Interest 10 per cent. 

t This bell was rung at five o'clock in the morning to call the scholars of 
the Grammar School to their studies. It was continued till 1801, when it 
was considered a nuisance, and called forth the following epigram by W. P. ; 
" Ye rascally ringers, ye merciless foes, 
Who persecute every friend to repose : 
I wish for the quiet and peace of the land, 
You had round your necks what you hold in your hand." 



} Prince Henry's Survey. See Chapter i. 



APPENDIX. xxi. 



1613 for a payre of skales and a leaden waight to waie butter is xd 
For the certiffying in the writte for the burgisse of the 

parlamt and the carriage . . . . . . . . 2o» 

To Mr Draper for cloth to make the bellmans cote . . viiis 

16 1 4 For two shrowdes for two poore folke at the apointment 

of Mr Bayliff Smith iis 

For two postes & two plankes to make the stockes . . iiiis vid 

To fy ve wardens at S* Andrewes fayer . . . , . . vis 

To Willm Newie for skouring harnis . . . . . . is vid 

To the turner of the wyer hill for turning 3 dozen of 

pyllers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iiis iiid 

To Mr Chelmicke at his going to London for to sue for 

the towle of the markett by the consent of the Bay- 

leiff and Burgesses . . . . . . . . . . iiil xs 

To Rich. Wowen for a horse to carrie Sowthall to bro- 

migium* for a witnesse about the towle of the 

Uloll IvCLL •• •• •• •• •• •• •• 

To Mr Prince for an attorneys fee . . 

To Mr Heath for his quarters wages at midsomber 161 5 . 

In expenses at Ludlow when I rode thyther to follow the 

sute betwixt the towne & Cooke, mie selfef & mie 

horse three dayes . . 
For the turninge of the pillers of the Church J . . 

16 1 5 To Hugh Low for wine that was bestowed upon mie 

Lord psedent at his last being in Bewdley . . 

To Mr Cliife when he sate on the Commission betwixt the 
Towne & Sir Fran. Lacon 

To Mr Ralph Smith for diet & horsmeate for the Com- 
missioners & the witnesses 

for the skouring of eight houlbeards and one . . . byll 
against the assizes 1616 . . 

Rd Dallow for wine bestowed on Sir Francis Evers 

Given to mie lordes chamberline Mr Baylis when the 
lease was sealed betwene Sr Edward Blount & the 
io>vue •• •■ •• •• •• •• •« 

To the yeoman of the wardrobe 

Given to mie lordes players . . 

Pd for the carriage of one loade of the councells stuffe . . 

Pd for a Chamber for Mr fifowler when the sises § were, 
held in Bewdley . . 

pd to Mr Corbitt the muster-master 

Given to Thomas Dovie & to Thomas Boylsonne to presse 

them for traine souldiers . . . . . . . . . . 00 iis 

* Old pronunciation of Birmingham. Cf. Dowles Registers, 1674. 

t Robert Vicaris. 

} A new gallery in the chapel. § Assizes. 







lis 






iis 






iil 






vs 






• • • 

111s 


xis viiid 




xis 


iiil 










iis 




■ • • 

lllS 


ivd 




GO 


vs 




00 


is 




00 


xs 


11 


• • • 

111s 


iid 


00 


XS 


00 


00 


xs 


00 



XXll. 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



1615 Pd to Stephen Grove wch. he recovered by an order from 

the Councell against the toune . . 

1616 Imprimis pd to Richard Dallowe for Entertaininge the 

Cheife Justice Three severall times 
For entertayninge Sir ffrauncis Eure cheife recorder 
Pd to Mr Wright for one quarter's service 
Pd to Mr Wright for the hire of twentie pounds wch was 

given to the free schoole. . 

161 7 Pd at Mr Baylif s comand to the Kings Trumpeters 
Pd for the timber & iron worke for the pillory and gom- 

bell stowle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . il 

for makinge the pillory & gombell stowle . . 

pd Mr Smith for my Lordes diette & horse meat xil 

For a pottell of bornt sacke to make the Justis drinke 

to make the whipinge poste . . 

for mending the plompe in the over street * 

1620 Reed of John Soley for a seate for his wife being the third 
seate on the north side of the chappell 
pd for the sweeping of the streetes . . 
for a linke & staples for the bridghouse . . 
to Goodman Mansfeild for business he did for the towne 
for timber hinges and a board for the Court house at the 

wlcl&o XlCdU. •• ■• •■ ■• •• •« «« 

For nine yards and a haulfe of wainescott, to Wm Paine 
for seates in the Church, & for setting oup of dores 
in the woomens seates & for boards to make seates 
and for three matts and nailes . . 

A note of money reed & disbursed by us Will. Hopkins and 
John Soley by appoint. & consent of the bayleif and Burgisses 
as followeth 

Imp. Reed of Mr John Hamonds pson of Ribbesfourd wch was 
lefte by Mr Barber Mr of the late Lotterie in 
Bewdley to be imployed to such charitable uses in 
the said Towne as should be thought fitt by the said 
bayleife and burgisses at the oversight of the said Mr 
Hamonds the sum of . . xxivl cos cod 

It. Rec. of John Clare late Bridgwarden as by his accompts 

will appear the sum of . . . . vil 00 00 



00 
00 
00 
00 



viiil 

xxiiis 
xxxxs 
xxxxs 

xs 

xis 

* * * * J 

lllS via 

xvs xd 

iiis ivd 

us viiid 

IS viiid 

xid 

02 06 

01 00 

00 09 

00 04 



00 02 07 



01 02 00 



A note how the said monney was disbursed. 



Imps Paid to Mr Edmond Boylsonne by the appointment of 
the said Bayleife & burgisses the dale and yeare 
abovesaid to discharge Mr Edward Tombes from an 



Now called High Street. 



APPENDIX. xxiii. 



order wch. the said Mr Boylsonne had against him 
for money that the Towne had received . . . . xxl oo oo 
It. paid to the said Mr Tombes to redeeme the Toule of the 
marketts & fayers out of his hands by the consent of 
the said bayleif and burgisses the sum of . . . . xx^ oo oo 
flfor the wch. said xxiiijl it was agreed by the said Companie 
that the sum of fowertie shillings p annum should for ever * be 
paide to the schoolemaster of the free gramer schoole of the 
said Towne and unto the poore of the same viz. : — twentie 
shillings p ann. to either of them at the feast of the nativitie of 
St John baptist and the nativitie of our Lord God by eaven & 
equall portions ; & that out of the Towle of the said markett & 
faire. Whereupon the said money was disbursed as aforesaid 

James Nash gent — Bayliff Mr Will. Hopkins 
Richard Whitcott gent Mr Silvanus Sares 
William Milton gt Mr Edmond Boylsonne 

William Hayles gent John Clare gent 

Will. Harris 

Walter Pooller 

John Hales 

Vicesimo septimo die Decembris : Jacobi decimo nono. 162 1. 

It. the daie & yeare abovsaid the said Bayleife and bur- 
gisses did consente & agree, that whereas there was 
the sum of twentie pounds given by one Hugh 
Pooller gent deceased to be imployed to the use and 
towards the mainetenance of the said free gram'er 
schoole wch said sum of xxl was in like sorte laid 
out in the behaulf of the said Towne ; that the sum 
of fowertie shillings should in like manner be paide 
to the schoolemaster of the saide schoole yearly for 
ever ; & that out of the pfitts of the said Towle of 
the marketts & fayers, at the said feast of St John 
the baptist & the nativity by eaven & equall portions 
as aforsd. t 
Received for womens seates in the chappell 1619 Mr John 
Tiler beinge Bayliffe Mr Edward Tombes & John 
Clare beinge bridgewardens 
[24 names at prices varying from 35. 4^. to 25.] 

William Spilsbury iia iid 

fifrancis Gilding { iia vid 

John Wowen iis vid 

John Soley iis vid 

* The payment was discontinued in 1749 without any reason given. 

t This payment was also discontinued in 1749. 

} One of the donors of the Mill and Meadow Money. 







1 

i 


CXJ 


lO 


00 


oo 


03 


04 


oo 


04 


00 


oo 


00 


08 


oo 


10 


00 



xxiv. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

1622 Reed of John Nashe the glover for his r6nt 

,, Richard Cooke glover ,, 
of John Grove for his haulfe yeares rent for his house 

and for the hornas chamber 
Reed of the woman that selleth salte at the sumer 

L'wUlv? •• •• t« •• •• •• •• 

Reed of Goodman Cooke for the harbours shop . . 

1623 Mr Hopkins reed of Barnaby Davis to be free to sett up 

his trade of a chandler . . . . . . . . .. 01 01 04 

Pd for a pottell of Burnte sacke wch the Companie 

bestowed upon the Lord Psedent at his coming 

through Beawdley the 15th of November 1621 .. 00 02 08 

for a flagon of Beare wch the Companie dranke at the 

George staying for the Wine . . . . . . .. 00 00 02 

pd to Mr Madstard for his wages . . . . . . .. 00 15 00 

For the fee due to our Cheif Recorder Sir James Whitt- 

locke wch we paid him upon the 14th of January 1621 01 02 00 

for a suger lofle at the same time wch by the consent of 
the Company we did bestowe upon mie Ladie Whitt- 
locke . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 00 12 06 

pd to Thomas Pallmer of Hyggley for fiveteene tonus of 

stonne and for the drawinge of them to the water syde 01 10 00 

pd to Jefiferis for helping to roule stones out of Seaverne 00 00 02 

pd for lynks & shakols for the use of the Bayleif for time 

being . . . . . . -. . . . . . .. 00 02 06 

It was agreed with John Little the 7th of Julie 1622 to take 
down the piles that were not taken downe, & to repaier the 
Bridge from end to end so farr as the freeston work goeth : and 
to maintaine & keepe the same for three yeares next ensuinge 
the date heareof, and at the end of the said tearme to leave it 
suffieientlie repayred in every respect for all wch he finding all 
manner of stuffe he is to have £26 wherof /05 must remaine 
till the third yeare. 

1623 pd to Captaine Dallowe for wine and oringes bestowed 

upon the Lord Psedent * at sever all times .. .. 00 19 04 

For Irons to seale bushels & other measures . . .. 00 02 06 

pd to Thomas Paine for setting a raile upon mie Ladies 

seate.. \ .. .. .. .. .. .. 00 00 03 

It. pd by appointment of the bayleife and burgesses for 
the charges when the venison was eaten at Captaine 
Dallows, the wch Sir James Whiteloeke bestowed 
upon the towne . . . . , . . . . . .. 03 06 08 

It. More pd to Captaine Dallow for one hoggshed of claret 

wine the wch was bestowed upon the Lord p'sident 05 12 06 

* The Earl of Northampton. 



f 



APPENDIX. XXV. 

1623 It. paid by the appointmt of the bayleif and burgesses 

for pouder and matches for the souldiers when the 

Lord Comton * came out of Spaine 00 07 04 

It. Pd to Mrs Dallow the nth of October for wood to 

make a boniier . . 00 01 00 

For pouder & matches the same dale 00 08 00 

It. distributed to the poore when the mill monney was 
. dealt in december 1622 : out of the piitts of the 
money that Mr Seabright & Mr Barber gave. . •• 01 00 00 

1624 Reed of Thomas Richards mercer for his Coppie of 

freedom 03 06 08 

of Edward Wheeler for the haulf yeares rent of the 

little house under the stayers 00 02 00 

Pd for a planke to mend ovr the dungion where the 

prisoners broke out 00 00 10 

It. pd for one Ale quarte and one wine pinte sysed and 
sealed by the standart accordinge to the Statute the 
1 8th of December to sise the measures withall . . 00 02 zo 

Pd to Mr Owen of Ketherminster for makinge a memoriall 
of the bread & money that Mr Seabright f gave to 
the poore of this towne ; to be kept in the Chappell . 00 06 08 

It. more paid to Mr Blunt for the Imblasoninge of the 

arms of Mr Seabright . . .. 00 02 04 

For a pottell of Clarett wine bestowed upon Mr Steward 

of the Councell 00 01 04 

Pd to John Clark glasier for a glasse to sett out Mr 

Seabright his memoriall 00 00 zo 

Pd for a new statute book of the Largest Volume to 

remaine to the bayleif for the time beinge for ever . . 01 15 09 

pd to Mr Ralph Clare { his servt for his paynes in 
bringing the Bucke wch. he bestowed upon the 
Bayleif & Burgesses 1624 . • 00 05 00 

pd to Samuell Oakes for making five pasties thereof, & 

for other meat pvided when it was eaten & for wine . 03 13 04 
pd to make the Cheif Justis drink in wine. • . • .. 00 02 08 

pd for a quart of sack and a quart of Clarett to make 

mie Lord drinke at the Bridge 00 01 08 

* Lord Compton, eldest son of the Earl of Northampton. 

t Sir William Seabright, founder of Wolverley School : Of. Ribbesford 
Registers, 1615. 

\ Sir Ralph Clare, of Kidderminster, Lessee of the Manor of Bewdley, 
and Member 1623 — 1640. 

D 



xxvi. A HISTORY OF BEWDLE7. 

1624 Reed for the Toule of the markett for two yeares. . .. 20 00 00 

of Will Woofe of Ombersley for his rent due for on 
house & close situate upon the Wier hill over against 
John Johnson's, sometimes called the little almshouse 00 15 00 

Pd to Samuel Oakes for Sir Thomas Chamberline his 
servts charges and horsmeat when he came down to 
goe to the Councell upon the removall of Sir James 
Whitelocke 02 12 02 

It. Laid out in the dressinge of the venison that mie 
Lord p'sedent bestowed upon the town September 
1624 

to the pties that brought it down 00 02 00 

for five leggs of mutton , ., 00 04 02 

for five neats tongues , ,. 00 02 10 

for a brisket of beife oo 02 10 

for apples peares and nutts 00 00 oS 

for six pecks of wheaten flower . . , . .. 00 06 00 

for on pound of pepper 00 02 02 

for fower quarts of Butter 00 05 04 

For three dossen of bread . . . . , . .. 00 03 00 

For two couple of rabbits 00 01 00 

for two couple of Chickens . . . . . , .. 00 01 02 

for beare .. «. .. .. .. .. .. 00 10 02 

for spices carrotts & salt .. .. .. .. ooooio 

for wine the same time . . . . , . .. 00 17 00 

'for a pottell of Clarett & suger bestowed on mie Lords 

gent that came downe after dinner . . . . .. 00 02 00 

for a hoggshed of Clarett wine bestowed upon mie Lord 

psedent at the fTeast of the nativity 1624 . . .. 06 03 04 

Pd to mie brother Boylson when he went to London to 
paie Sir James Whitelocke his fee & to answer the 
said sute . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 04 00 00 

pd to Wm Paine for wainescott and dores to the seates 
next unto the little Chancell on the north side of the 
Chappell 01 12 00 

It. We agreed with the goodwife browning to make 
cleane round about the Courthouse and to carrie 
awaie the muck every saterday night at ijs by the 
yeare wh. she is to have paid hir by vid the qr. 
whereof we paid hir vid beforehand and she begann 
hir time a week after maie day 00 00 06 

pd to Mr Samuell Baker for the dressinge of a Bucke that 

Mr Ralph Clare sent 1625 02 07 00 



APPENDIX. xxvii. 



lO 


00 


lO 


00 


05 


8 



1625 Pd to Mr Lowe the usher of the Schole 01 

pd to Mr Sharard & Mr Lowe the Scholemarsters . . 01 

Pd for making a paire of Butts* for my lord . . . . 00 

Pd 2nd of Aprill at the pclayming of the King by Mr 

Bayliffs appointmt for 2 dromes and a fiffe . . . . 00 02 6 

1626 Pd to John Clark for keeping the Conduits to bring the 

water from Ticknell & to mend the leads & keep them 

for a whole yeare . . . , . . 00 12 o 

Pd to Mr Edw. Littleton Recorder his fee 01 02 o 

pd at the appointmt of the Company when the Lo. Presi- 
dent came about the Ryall subsidye for sack & clarett 00 03 8 

pd for bolts & links at the appoint, of Mr Bayliflfe Soley 

for the Bridgehouse . . . . 00 02 04 

pd for a quart of wine & suger for Mr. William Littleton 
when Kitherminster men came over with their 
Charter 00 01 o 

pd to John Gough for 3 dayes work for setting up of the 

Clock and to make a scaffold to put up the dyall . . 00 03 8 

pd for mending at the Bridgehouse when the prisoners 

came from Ludlow .. .. .. .. ..0007 2 

pd for a pottell of white wine & another of claret for the 
intertaynment of the lord president & the Lo. Comp- 
ton by the Companies appointmt 00 

pd for a Coate for the Beadle 00 

pd to the Bellfounder for the casting of the Bell . . . . 07 
For a lock to put upon the Schole house dore in the 

Chappell .. 00' 

pd for the Copie of Mr Sares will f . . . . . . . . 00 

1630 to John Monnox Laborer for 23 daies worke about the 

recastinge of the Chappell [About /18 spent] .. 00 15 04 
pd for the newe Bible for the Chappell and caridge of 

him from London 02 15 o 

pd to Thomas Nashe for a large cagement to be set in the 

window over the Lorde Presidents pue . . . . 00 05 o 

For paintinge of the Chappell and washing of the plais- 

teringe 02 13 4 

pd to Mr Thos Chamberlaine Undersherifife to forbeare 

to levy £25 upon the Towne in his charge . . . . 02 00 o 

• The old archery-ground is still called the " Butt-town" meadow. 

t In 1826 the Churchwardens of Bewdley contributed /lo towards the 
repair of his monument in Nettlestead church, Suffolk. The inscription on 
it runs : — " In memorie of Samuel Sayer Esq. sometime of London, who 
built a faire almeshouse at Bewdley in Wostershire, for six poore men, and 
gave thirty pounds a yeare for ever to maintaine them ; He departed the 
first of September Anno Dom. 1623." 



03 


4 


05 





04 





00 


6 


09 






03 


OO 


02 


06 


02 


06 



xxviii. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

X630 Receipts for Seates in the chappell 

Of John Wilkes mercer . . « • . 00 

of John Willis , 00 

Of Robert Pardoe . . ,, . . . . ,, . . 00 
&c. &c. 

Pd for two gallons of wine bestowed upon Serient Liegh 
■when we moved him aboute gettinge of our ordi- 
nances to be confirmed by the Lo. Keeper . . .. 00 04 00 

Pd Mr ffrauncis Walker for the exemplificacion of the 

Verdict against Jo: Barker Viccar of Cleobury . . 00 12 oa 

pd to Mr John Hailes for his travile and charges in 

ridinge to London about the quo warranto . . .. 03 00 00 

More due to me* when I had the Royaltie of the mannor 
for V yeares and a halfe from the Towne, for Rent 
for the Towne Land at xis per ann 02 

2631 Pd for ale for them wch removed the butter crosse . . 00 

pd to Mr Milton for timber to make a dorment in the 
butter crosse 00 

pd for baire for the Chappell. . . . 00 

pd for mendinge of the Bridge . . . . . . . . 06 

pd to John of Barkhill for one yeares wages for sweepinge 

the streets . . . . . . . . 00 

pd for a shovle to make them cleane 00 

pd for beere bestowed upon the Ringers at the birth of 

Prince Charles \ 00 00 06 

pd for passinge of a Surrendor for the land whereon the 

hospitall stands ^ .. 00 02 00 

2632 pd to Mr Blayne the preacher 06 00 00 

pd for a Curbe for the buckett for the well on the sandy 

banke 00 17 10 

Fd for a sir loyne of beef and a briskett, a quarter of 
lambe, a quarter of veale and a quarter of mutton by 
Mr Bayliffs and his bretherens appointment to psent 
Sir Henrye Herbert 00 15 00 

pd for two gallons of wine when the Townsmen went to 

Sir Hen : herbert to Ribbesford . . . . .. 00 04 00 

pd Edward Walker for an houre glasse for the Chappell . 00 00 08 

pd for 3 pottles of wine, whereof one was sack, and half a 
pound of suger, wch was bestowed upon the Lo: 
Willoughby as he came through the Towne . . .. 00 04 10 

pd for a booke to be used upon the gunpowder Treason 

daye .. «. ..0000 8 

* Edward Boylsonne. 



17 


06 


02 


04 


04 


00 


01 


06 


10 


00 


08 


00 


01 


oa 



APPENDIX. xxix. 

1632 Pd Mr Sharard for the new butter crosse, being Mr 

Whittcoats gift .. .. .. .. -•. ..ooo8cx> 

Pd to Oldberry in earnest of the bargaine to cast the bell. 00 01 00 

1633 Pd for taking downe of the great bell, for drawing him to 

the water & carriadge up & downe and for the over- 
plus mettell 13 02 03 

Pd Mr Milton for a plank to mend the bridge at Tuckers 

gate & for shingles & lathes 00 09 02 

(The pew rents for this year amounted to /14 115. Tdi] 

Pd to Mr Sharrard Curate of the Chappell for these 2 

yeares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 o o 

pd to Mr Sharrard being High Scholemaister . . . . 00 16 o 

1634 In the Chappell for inlardging the galerye making the 

new dorment the staires the pulpit & reading place 
and the seats through the Chappell 

Imp. for 4 hun & 3 quarters of square Timber at xviiis 

viiid per hun 04 09 6 

for 600 fote of inch boards at 9s. 6d. the hundred. . . . 02 17 o 

for 291 foote of half inch boards at 115. wind, the hundred 01 02 4 

for 8 yards of duble rayle and a plank for inlardging of 

the pulpit and reading place . . . . . . . . o 04 o 

for red lead & .... to colour the pulpit o 03 7 

pd the chardges of Mr Grayle & Mr Holland for them- 
selves & their horses at the George when Mr Grayle 
came from Gloucestr & was elected Chief Schole 
maister . . . . . . . . . . . • • • 00 10 00 

Given to Mr Needham when he came to preach for a 

tryall for the Curats place of the Chappell . . . . 00 06 8 

Itm pd Mr Edwards chardges for his horsemeat when he 
came to preach for a tryall for the Curat's place of 
the Chappell . . . . . . . . . . . . 00 05 4 

Itm pd Mr Moreton's chardges for his horsemeat & his 
ffrends at the Swan when he came to preach for a 
tryall and was elected by the baylifife & Burgesses to 
be Curate for the Chappell 00 07 4 

1636 Reed of Thomas Gower for his freedome 02 6 8 

For wine sent to Sir Walter Denny when the soldiers 

were trayned o 3 4 

pd to Mr Nash towards his chardges with others that 
went with him to Worcester at the quarter sessions 
about the Ship money .... .. .. .. o 3 4 



XXX. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

1636 Itm there is to be receaved from Mr Grayle all the 

entrances for forraine Schollers that he receaved into 
the Schole from Jan. i, 1635, to June 24, 1637. 

Pd to Wm Paine for cutting the Towne armes . . , , o 4 o 

For beere for the workmen & others that holp them . . 02 o 

Those whose names are subscribed weare at the charge of 
makinge the new lofte in the Chappell 1642. And were appointed 
to sitt there by fifrancis Bromwich and William Unckles then 
Chappell wardens 
Nicholas ffalkner Jon" Broadhurst Jon Hill butcher John Dawbery 
Tho:ffalkner Thomas Wootton John Budd Roger Wainwright 

William Hill Robert Barrett John Lewis Roger Elfes 

Thomas Dovie Jon. Glasserd William Collins Jon Hill the 

seriant's sonne 

1637 Pd in going to the high Shiriffe concerning the Towne 

about Ship money . . . . . . .... o 16 2 

Laid out at the Assizes attending upon the high Shiriffe 
about ship money .. .. ,. on o 

Pd for wrighting the peticion o 01 o 

Pd yi^ Hungerford wch was disbursed by him at London 

about Ship money 01 15 o 

Pd for a sugar loaf for Sir Hen : Harbert o 19 5 

Pd the undersheriffe for his paynes 01 o o 

For wine for the lo : Bishop at the Angel o 3 o 

for beare at the same time .. .. o o 2 

pd Sr Hen : Harbt wch he disbursed at london for the 

Towne 7 3 8 

pd Thos. Wood for going for schole rent to wales . . 04 6 

pd for tile to use at the King's board & carriadge up the 

water .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2 4 9 

Laid out at Whitborne about the Schole o 3 4 

1638 Money disbursed in repairing at the Conduit . . . . 312 i 

pd to Wm Shawe for soder and lead & worke over the 

South Chauncell o 2 6 

1639 Received of 13 butchers for standings in the walk on the 

South side 2 15 10 

Received of 19 butchers for standings in the walk on the 

North side 212 7 

Received for rent of 16 houses and shops 8 6 10 

H for seats in the Chappell (13 names) . . . . 3 o o 

Total for the half year .. .. 16 15 3 



APPENDIX. xxxi. 

1639 Pd Edw. Osland towards cleansing the Towne well . . 00 3 

Pd Jo : Gough for fitting the poules to waye Coles . . 008 

Received at St Andurewes faire 1638 of the Brasiers & 

standings in the walk & butter Crosse. . . . . . 363 

Pd to Tho. Stephens for chaines for the comon ballance .060 

Pd for a bushel of peeble stones used at the bridge . . 02 8 

pd Wm Bennet for sweeping the streets another quarter . . 01 8 

2639-41 pd Jo. Lane for the Sergeants seate 017 o 

pd Sam : Gosnell for mending a holbard o o 10 

For mending the weomens seates in the Chappell . • 048 

Pd for a carpet for the Court house table i 2 o 

pd for removing the gunpowder out of the Chappell into 

the Court house o o 4 

pd Nick: Falkner for making a paire of stayers & 2 new 

seates in the loft . . . . • . 2 10 o 

pd the Cleark at lady-day half years wages . • . . o zo o 

pd Peter Rea to boat up & downe to see the defects at 

the Bridge 004 

pd for a pottle of sack & a pottle of claret sent to S^ Hen : 

Herbert o 3 4 

pd Mr Blount for wrighting two copies of a Record con- 
cerning the Chappell — the one to goe to the plint & 

the other to remayne among the towne wrightings . . 040 

pd for 2 bushell of Clee Lime o i o 

pd Geo. Monnox for wine bestowed on Ministers at 

several times .. .. .. .. .. .. o 6 o 

1642 pd for Candells when ye soldiers did watch . • . . 006 
pd for a drum by Mr BaylifiTs appointment .. •• on 6 

pd for wine & suger for Sr Tho: Littleton o 3 8 

Pd Mr Sares by the companyes appointmt 4 o o 

Pd Mr Vernons man ye fee farme rent i o o 

1643 pd to Wm Hill for ye soldiers o 2 o 

pd for scouring 3 holbarts • .. o o 9 

pd for a paire of hartshornes & setting on o o 3 

pd Walter Tay for hanging the gattes o i 2 

Pd beere at ye setting of ye gates o o 6 

pd for mending ye gunpowder barrell o o 3 

pd for 12 lb & halfe of powder . • • . • . . . o 16 8 

pd for a hing to the bridge house gate o o 6 

pd for a chaine for the bridge house dore o o 9 



V 



xxxii. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY, 

1643 Pd Mr Kenrick 2 z6 o 

. [Chapel warden : Mr John Wilkes] 

for a hoggeshead of Claret wine for Prince Rupert . . 4 10 o 

for a pottle of sack & pottle of Claret for the lord herbert 034 

for a quart of sack & quart of Claret for Coll. Sandes * . . o 2 8 

foi" ^ pottle of sack for Sr Wm Russell o 2 o 

for a pottle of sack for Sr Gilbt. Gerard . . . . . . o 2 o 

for a pottle of sack for Maior Savage o 2 o 

for going to Shrewsburye 4 6 o 

for wine for Coll. Washington o 2 4 

for wine for Mr Towneshend o 7 4 

for squaring & cutting the Somer pole o i 10 

Z643-1645 Reed of straingers for standings in the walke for 

their cheese .. .. .. .. .. .. i 6 o 

Reed at St Andrewes faier for standings of cheese at the 

Crosse .. .. 2 

Pd J. Vaughan for sweeping the pke lane . . • . . . o 

Pd Geo. Monnox for 2 pottles of sacke and a pint sent to 

Sr Tho : Littleton o 

pd for ringing at Prince Rupert's coming o 

pd for ringing at the kings coming to Towne & going forth o 

pd for pulling downe the Baylififs seate and setting up 

againe when the king was here. . . • . . . . o 

pd Edw. Teigh for beere when the schole way was set out o 

pd Dorothy lee for beere for Mr Grayle o 

pd Ringers for Prince Rupert o 

pd for paving wch the reformadoes broke up . . . . o 

pd Mr Gilding 2 suger loaves. . . • • . . • . . 2 

1646-7 pd for an houre glasse pro Capella 00 

pd for another debentr for rec. of viiil • • . . • . 00 

pd for matts for the Bayliffs seate . . 00 

pd Mr Recordr littleton his fee for 2 years 02 

Pd our chardges riding to Judge Wilde t to Worcsr . . 00 

pd for beere to the Jurye that set out the schole land at 

the Boars head 00 

pd Mr Borraston for an ordr about Brecknock • . • . 00 

* Governor of Worcester for Charles I. 

t Chief Baron of the Exchequer : drew up the impeachment against the 
Bishops in 1641. 



3 


10 





3 


6 





I 


6 


2 








6 





4 





4 


I 





6 


10 


4 


4 


00 


09 


12 


08 


03 


00 


04 


00 


01 


05 


01 


06 


02 


06 



OI 


02 


02 


08 


19 


06 



APPENDIX. xxxiii. 

1646-7 Pd Vickris for arresting of Paine 00 00 06 

Pd for sack bestowed on Maior Saunders 00 01 06 

Pd Mr Hopkins his chardges in going to London to get 

allowance for our Minister 02 00 00 

pd for wine to Mr Turton to get o£f our men from going 

to worke at the Castle * 00 01 00 

pd to Bennet for making cleane the Courthouse in the 

time of warr 00 01 00 

pd for a quart of sack for Mr Davies brother the 
Minister . . . . . . . . . . . . • • 00 

pd for wine bestowed upon Judge Wilde 00 

pd to Jo. Hinton for tile & quarries for the Chappell . . 05 

More laid out at Worcester the 21 of decem 1648 to 
attend the Comrs when the Countrey mett to oppose 
the order for chardging them 09 x 

pd for wine to make the townsmen drink wth Mr Need- 
ham who did teach at the Chappell Oct. 25, 1648 . . 043 

pd the ringers on a thanksgiving day o 2 o 

1649- 165 1 pd for ringing the 5 gber & for Ireland .. .. o 4 o 

pd Jo. Weaver for mending the seats & other worke 

done in the Chappell at the dispute o 5 o 

pd for cake cheese & beere at the delivering up of the 

former Bridgewardens accompts o i 7 

pd for drawing a peticon for augmentation . . • . o 2 6 

pd for a quart of sack for Mr Tombes o x 4 

pd a quart of sack given a Minister 0x4 

pd for soulder to Wm Mountford to mend the leads of the 

steeple .. .. .. .. .. .. .. i o o 

pd for Beere & suger for Coll. Morgan,! Capt. Juel, Mr 

Hussey o 17 2 

for putting out the kings armes o o 10 

pd Jo : Weaver for the Communion table & other work 

done in the Chappell 066 

Pd for a pass book for the Townes use o 2 6 

pd for frankincense & brimston to burne in the Chappell. 010 
Pd for 2 pairs of hmges for 2 seat dores in the Chappell 
& for mending a seat broke when the Soldiers were 
there o i 6 



• Hartlebury Castle was strengthened by Captain Sandys, but surrendered 
in two days without firing a shot.—iVasA, i., 568. 

t The Parliamentary leader who took Hartlebury Castle May 16, 1646. 
£ 



r 



6o 


oo 


00 


oo 


03 


08 


oo 


00 


08 


oo 


03 


06 


oo 


05 


00 



xxxiv. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

1^51-2 Pd my ptner Burlton as he paid for a prsent sent to my 

lord Wile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 05 o 

165 1 -3 The second of September paid for ringing for the 

rooting of the Scotts by Mr Bailififs order * . . 00 05 o 

1654-5 Reed ye Stipend for ye Chappell out of the Rectory of 
Ombersley by the hands of Mr Greene at Michaelmas 
1055 •• •• ■• ■• •• •• *• •• 8 o o 

To the wid. Monox when ye scoUers broke up her wine. .028 
To John Weaver for a frame Joyned to the pue to hold 

a Bason to baptise Infants . . . . . . . . 00 01 2 

pd Mr Oasland by the Townes order for Mich 1658 

i J Cai 6 •■ •• •* •• •• •• •• 

pd for wyne sent to Mr Lyttleton at Mr Bayliffs house . . 

1657-8 Sept. II pd sweepinge the prke against the pclamur of 
Lord Richard protector . . 

pd 5 men that carryed the halberts at pclamacn . . 

pd the Trumpeter by the Tounes order 

pd Will Brodhurst making pulpit cushy n, plush for the 

Cushin 185. fronge & tasles & skins &c. . . .. 01 14 08 

1658-9 pd ye widdow Monox for wine & beare when ye Lord 

ptector was pclamed . . . . . . . . . . 03 16 o 

For Beare Wine & fagotts when yt bardgmen weare 
examined yt travelled on ye Lords Day 

pd Setting up Kinges Arms for the Chappell 
1660 12 May 1660 paid for wine & beare at the pclayminge 

for 4 qrts of sack for 4 ministers that preched 
31 July for meate at Mr fifolys venson eating 

1661-2 pd to Peter Rea for fetching the laxe lane bridge at 

Redstone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . o i 10 

1663 Given to the ringers when the Lord Windsor came 
thorough the Toune 

pd at the eating of Sr Henry Herberts venison in wine . . 

pd for 6 gallons of wt wine wch was sent to the Lord 
Windsor 

Spent treatinge with the Curryer . . 

Reed of Thomas Hinks & Josh Knight for their freedome 08 00 

[In a fly-leaf at tie end of the book are the names of those that furnished 
arms. The arms furnished were 38 muskets, 3 halberds, 2 calivers, 3 corslets, 
3 fowling pieces, 2 pistols, a pike, and a lance.] 

* Dunbar. 






4 


4 


2 


10 





06 


03 


00 


00 


06 


08 


05 


02 


07 






2 


6 


00 


19 


4 


01 


00 





00 


00 


7 


08 


00 






APPENDIX. XXXV. 



From other Corporation Account Books of later 
date are gathered the following : — 

1709 Paid for playing ye engines & taking them in ye Church 

again .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 030 

Reed of Mr Sam. Slade for a seate in ye Chancel for the 
Lives of Mrs Jone Baker his daughter & Mrs Susanna 
Nash his grand daughter £1 o o 

1753 Sir George Lyttelton gave /loo to the town which was to be spent in 
applying for an Act of Parliament for the New Road to Cleobury 
& Kinlet. 

1780 A list of tolls to be taken at Bewdley Hop Market. 

£2S is to be allowed the Bailiff towards the expence of the Bailiff's 
Feast. 

1799 Whereas the price of Liquor &c. is increased the Bailiff is to be 
allowed £52 10s. per ann. 

1807 Miles Peter Andrewes M.P. gives /looo to the Town. 

1808 Miles Peter Andrewes M.P. gives £zooo to the Town. 

1808 The Guildhall [standing on the S.W. side of the chapel] and the 
buildings round the church are to be taken down. 

1817 Mr William Turton of Wribbenhall is going to take legal steps to 
reduce the number of Inns in conformity with the Charter. 

1822 The rooms over the gateway in Welch gate, and a house adjoining, 
are to be purchased for ;f 160 — then to be pulled down & thrown 
into the road. 

1831 Doglane Gateway is to be removed. 

[Slade Baker, Esq., of Sandbourne, signed the order for its removal, 
and John Clarke helped to take it down. Both are still living.] 

1830-1-2 Paid for clothing the bellman £5^ Jt7 ^ 







XXXVl. 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



Bailiffs of JBewMe^. 



m 



x66o Thomas Wootton 1691 

z66i Thomas Dedicott 1692 

1662 John Grove 1693 

1663 William Longmore 1694 

1664 Thomas Burlton 1695 

1665 Peter Walter 1696 

1666 William Watmore 1697 

1667 Edd Longmore (dd. in ofiBce) 1698 
William Dedicott 1699 

x668 John Clare 1700 

1669 Timothy Wright 1701 

1670 Henry Sandals 1702 

1671 John Bury 1703 

1672 Peter Branch 1704 

1673 Samuel Moore 1705 

1674 Joseph Pooler 1706 

1675 Thomas Poole 1707 

1676 Thomas Watmore 

1677 John Soley 

1678 Thomas Burlton 

1679 Peter Walter * 1708 
i68o William Dedicott 

1681 John Clare 

1682 John Bury 

1683 Peter Branch 1709 

1684 Joseph Pooler 1710 

1685 Thomas Watmore 171 1 

1686 Adam Littleton 17x2 

1687 Francis Hale 171 3 

1688 Edward Best 1714 

1689 Francis Vicaris 17 15 

1690 Humphrey Yarranton 1716 



Thomas Burlton 

Samuel Slade 

Thomas Burlton, grocer 

Thomas Walter 

James Compson 

Richard Clare 

Nicholas Ward 

Simon Wood 

Bonham Caldwall 

Samuel Hackluit 

Joseph Tyndall, mercer 

Samuel Slade 

Edward Best 

Thomas Burlton, grocer 

Thomas Walter 

Bonham Caldwall 

Thomas Smith (under the 

old charter) 
Samuel Slade (under the 

new charter) 
John Rock (under the old 

charter) 
James Compson (under the 

new charter) 
Nicholas Ward 
Joseph Tyndall 
Samuel Slade 
Nicholas Ward 
James Compson 
Nicholas Ward 
William Wood 
Thomas Penn 



\ 





APPENDIX. 


xxxvii. 


I7I7 


William Wood 


1763 


Joseph Radnall 


1718 


Nicholas Ward 


1764 


Joseph Crane 


I7I9 


Thomas Cheeke 


1765 


John Patten 


1720 


Joseph Pardoe 


1766 


Adam Prattinton 


I72I 


William Dix 


1767 


John Crane 


1722 


John Hay ley 


1768 


Wilson Aylesbury Roberts 


1723 


Thomas Meysey 


1769 


James Fryer 


1724 


James Compson 


1770 


Nathaniel Adey 


1725 


Richard Jones 


1771 


William Prattinton 


1726 


Adam Prattinton 


1772 


Wilson Aylesbury Roberts 


1727 


Robert Yarranton 


1773 


John Crane 


1728 


Richard Hincksman 


1774 


Joseph Sheward 


1729 


Nicholas Ward 


1775 


James Prattinton 


I730 


John Prattinton 


1776 


Nathaniel Adey 


I73I 


Thomas Cheeke 


1777 


John Crane 


1732 


Robert Yarranton 


1778 


Samuel Kenrick 


1733 


John Hayley 


1779 


Samuel Skey 


1734 


Richard Jones 


1780 


Nathaniel Adey 


1735 


Adam Prattinton 


1781 


James Fryer 


1736 


Robert Yarranton 


1782 


William Prattinton 


1737 


William Crump 


1783 


Nathaniel Adey 


1738 


Robert Yarranton 


1784 


Thomas Sheward 


1739 


Richard Jones 


1785 


John Glover 


I740 


Nehemiah Jeavens 


1786 


Joseph Crane 


1741 


Robert Yarranton 


1787 


Thomas Baker 


1742 


Thomas Cheeke 


1788 


Joseph Crane 


1743 


John Hayley (died in office) 


1789 


John Glover 




Robert Yarranton 


1790 


Jonathan Skey 


1744 


Richard Jones 


1 791 


Samuel Baker 


1745 


Adam Prattinton 


1792 


James Fryer 


1746 


Richard Hincksman 


1793 


Thomas Howard Crane 


1747 


Joseph Crane 


1794 


Thomas Baker 


1748 


Benjamin Best 


1795 


Jonathan Skey 


1749 


Adam Prattinton 


1796 


Joseph Crane 


1750 


Richard Jones 


1797 


Samuel Baker 
Jonathan Skey 


I75I 


Adam Prattinton 


1798 


1752 


Thomas Brc)okholding 


1799 


Samuel Baker 


1753 


Joseph Radnall 


1800 


James Fryer 


1754 


Joseph Sheward 


1801 


Thomas Howard Crane 


1755 


The Rev. Butler Cowper 


1802 


Thomas Baker 


1756 


The Rev. Thomas Howard 


1803 


Jonathan Skey 


1757 


John Hayley 


1804 


Joseph Crane 


1758 


John Ingram, sen. 


1805 


Samuel Baker 


1759 


Adam Prattinton 


1806 


Jonathan Skey 


1760 


John Ingram 


1807 


Rev. Edward Baugh 


1761 


Thomas Prattinton 


1808 


James Fryer 


1762 


Thomas Cheeke 







XXXVIU. 


A HI^ilUKY Ut 


' iiiLV\ 


/DLlLY, 


1809 


Wilson Aylesbury Roberts. 


1845 


George Masefield 




jun. 


1846 


Thomas Townley Lancaster 


z8io 


Thomas Howard Crane 


X847 


James Banks 


I8II 


Joseph Crane 


1848 


Adam Prattinton 


I8l2 


Wilson Aylesbury Roberts 


1849 


John Baker 


I8I3 


George Baker 


1850 


John Bury 


I8I4 


Joseph Seager 


1851 


Slade Baker 


1815 


Wilson Aylesbury Roberts 


1852 


John Beddoe 


I8I6 


James Fryer 


1853 


Christopher Piggott Bancks 


I8I7 


Thomas Howard Crane 


1854 


Christopher Piggott Bancks 


I8I8 


Joseph Crane 


1855 


James Cole 


I8I9 


John Brookholding 


1856 


John Wildman Thomas Lea 


1820 


Robert Pardoe 


1857 


Thomas Owens 


1821 


Thomas Cartwright 


1858 


John NichoUs 


1822 


Thomas Pilkington 


1859 


James Tart 


1823 


Rev. Joseph Crane 


i860 


John NichoUs 


1824 


Thomas Shaw 


1861 


John Reeve 


1825 


George Baker 


1862 


John Reeve 


1826 


John Brookholding 


1863 


John Gabb 


1827 


Thomas Pilkington 


1864 


Thomas Owens 


1828 


John Williams 


1865 


Alfred Maurice Clinch 


1829 


Thomas Howard Crane 


1866 


Robert Williams 


1830 


James Fryer 


1867 


William Hawkes Ryland 


I83I 


Thomas Sheward Cart- 


1868 


Whittington Landon 




wright 


1869 


Whittington Landon 


1832 


Thomas Sheward Cart- 


1870 


John NichoUs 




wright 


1871 


Thomas Owens 


1833 


Thomas Cartwright 


1872 


Benjamin Gardner 


1834 


Slade Baker 


1873 


William Nichols Marcy 


^ 


Mayors. 


1874 


William Nichols Marcy 


1835 


Slade Baker 


1875 


Whittington Landon 


1836 


John Bury 


1876 


Charles Pountney 


1837 


John Nichols 


1877 


Robert Acton Pardoe 


1838 


John Beddoe 




Robert Acton Pardoe (to 


1839 


James Cole 


1878. 


May 5, 1879) 


1840 


William Bucklee 




. William Nichols Marcy 


I84I 


Thomas Sheward Cart- 


1879 


Samuel Jefiferies 




wright 


1880 


Samuel Jefferies 


1842 


George Baker 


1881 


William Nichols Marcy 


1843 


James Holder 


1882 


Whittington Landon 


1844 


Joseph Farmer 










APPENDIX, 



XXXIX. 



flDembera of parliament for BewMeij. 



?^ 



12 James I. Thomas Edmunds 


1700 


Salwey Winnington 


i8 


,, Thomas Edmunds 


1702 


Ditto 




(Treasurer of the 


1705 


Ditto 


« 


Household) 


1708 


Hon. Henry Herbert:: 


21 


„ Ralph Clare 


1709 


Charles Cornwall 


1625 


Ralph Clare 


1710 


Anthony Lechmere (un- 


1626 


Ralph Clare 




seated) 


1628 


Sir Ralph Clare, Knight of 


1710 


Salwey Winnington 




the Bath 


1713 


Grey James Grove 


1640 


Sir Henry Herbert, Kt. 


1714 


Grey James Grove 


1640 


Sir Henry Herbert, Kt. 


1717 


Crewe Offley 


1647 


William Hopkins (died 


1720 


Ditto 




before taking his seat) 


1722 


Ditto 


1658-9 Edward Pitts of Kyre 


1725 


Ditto 


1660 


Thomas Foley the elder 


1727 


Ditto 


1661 


Sir Henry Herbert (d. 1673) 


1734 


William Bowles 


1673 


Thomas Foley the elder * 


1734 


Phineas Bowles 


1676 


Henry Herbert 


1741 


William Bowles 


1679 


Philip Foley 


1747 


William Bowles (d. 1748) 


1680 


Philip Foley 


1748 


William Lyttelton 


1685 


Sir Charles Lyttelton 


1754 


William Lyttelton § 


1689 (Convention) Henry Herbert 


1755 


Right Hon. William Finch 


1690 


Henry Herbert f 


1 761 


Sir Edward Winnington 


1694 


Salwey Winnington 


1762 


Sir Edward Winnington || 


1695 


Ditto 


1768 


The Hon. Thomas Lyttelton 


1698 


Ditto 




(unseated) 



• Unseated in 1676. 

t Created Lord Herbert, April, 1694 ; d. 1709. 

{ Second Lord Herbert ; succ. 1709 ; d. 1738. 

§ Made Governor of South Carolina. 

II Re-elected on being made Storekeeper of the Ordnance. 



xl. 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



1769 


Sir Edward Winnington 


1835 


Sir T. E. Winnington 


1774 


William Henry Lyttelton* 


1837 


Ditto 


1777 


Lord Westcote t^^e-elected 


1841 


Ditto 




as Lord of the Treasury) 


1847 


Thomas James Ireland 


1780 


Lord Westcote (of Ireland) 


1848 


William Drogo Montagu, 


1784 


Lord Westcote 




Viscount Mandeville 


1790 


Hqn. George flfulke Lyttelton 


1852 


Sir Thomas Edward Win- 


1796 


Miles Peter Andrewes 




nington 


1802 


Ditto 


1857 


Ditto 


1806 


Ditto 


1859 


Ditto 


1807 


Ditto 


1865 


Ditto 


l8l2 


Ditto 


1868 


Sir Richard Attwood Glass 




(died 1814, aetat. 72) 




(unseated) 


I8I4 


Charles Edward Wilson 


1869 


John Cunlifife Pickersgill 


I8I9 


Wilson Aylesbury Roberts 




CunliflFe (unseated) 


1820 


Ditto 


1869 


Major the Hon. Augustus 


1826 


Ditto 




H. A. Anson 


1830 


Ditto 


1874 


Charles Harrison 


I83I 


Ditto 


1880 


Charles Harrison (unseated) 


1832 


Sir Thomas Edward Win- 
nington 


1880 


Enoch Baldwin 



4afiilSfi4Slfi^Sf^4S^4^ 



1>(ab Stewarba of J5ewMe^. 



1606 Sir Robert Steward, Knt. 

1708 Hon. Henry Herbert, after- 
wards Lord Herbert of 
Cherbury 

1738 William Bowles, Esq. 

1753 Sir George Lyttelton, after- 
wards created Lord Lyt- 
telton 

1773 Thomas 2nd Lord Lyttelton 



1808 



182S 



1779 Wm. Henry Lord Westcote^ 

created Lord Lyttelton 
George Fulke 2nd Lord 

Lyttelton 
William Henry 3rd Lord 

Lyttelton 
1837 George William 4th Lord 

Lyttelton 
1876 Charles George 5th Lord 

Lyttelton 



Afterwards Lord Westcote : his portrait hangs in Bewdley Town-hall. 



APPENDIX. 



xlu 



1?ccorbcr0 of SSewMci?^ 



ti6i6] Sir Francis Eure 


1710 


John Hoo, Serjeant-at-Law 


|;i62i] Sir James Whitlocke 


1716 


John Soley 


£1625-58] Edward Littleton 


1720 


Henry Lord Herbert 


£1670] Sir Timothy Lyttelton, Kt. 


1738 


William Bowles 


1670 Thomas Powys, Serjeant- 


1745 


John Soley 


at-Law 


1775 


Charles Baldwyn 


1671 Sir Thomas Walcot, Kt., 


1780 


William Henry Lord West. 


M.P., of Bitterley Court 




cote 


1685 Henry Townsend 


x8o8 


John Knight of Wolverley 


2688 John Soley 







Deputi? 'Recorbera* 



1633 — Hayles 

Car. II. Leonard Sympson 

1683 John Soley 

1686 Henry Toye 

2708 Samuel Hunt 

2727 Thomas Manning 



1752 William Crump 

1756 John Cowper 

1775 Wilson Aylesbury Roberts 

1809 Samuel Baker 

1816 Slade Baker 

Z833 William Nichols Marcj 



1833 William Nichols Marcy 1873 Richard Hemiiigwaj 



Boroufib ZTreaaurera* 



1835 Robert Acton Pardoe 



2876 Robert Henry Whitcombe 



xlii. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



Copu of tbc (tbartcr of Bbwarb tbc jfourtb 

Constituting Bewdley a Free Borough 

A.D. 1472. 

Edwardus Dei gr'a Rex Anglie Francie et Dominus Hibernie Om'ibus ad 
quos presentes I're p'venerint salutem. Sciatis qd ad humilem supplicaco'em 
Dilecor' ligeor' n'ror' Burgensium et Inh'itancium Ville n're de Beaudeley 
ac ob certas consideraco'es nos specialiter moventes de gr'a nostra speciair 
ac ex certa sciencia et mero motu n'ris concessimus et p' presentes conce< 
dimus pro nobis et heredib' n'ris quantum in nobis est qd villa n'ra predc'a 
cum precinctu eiusdem liber burgus sit in p'pet'm et de Burgensib' eiusdem 
ville et precinctus eiusdem in p'pet'm sit corporata et qd iidem Burgenses et 
successores sui Burgenses ville illius et precinctus eiusdem sic corporati sint 
una Co'itas p'petua corporat' in re et in no'i'e per nomen Burgensium ville 
de Beaudeley et precinct' eiusdem h'eantq' successionem p'petuam ac co'e 
sigillum p' negociis suis d'cam villam et precinctum eiusdem concernent' 
desernitur' in p'petu'm Et qd iidem Burgenses et successores sui p' idem 
nomen sint p'sone habiles et capaces in lege et qd ip'i et successores sui 
terras et tenementa redditus servitia et reversiones quecumq* a quacumq' 
persona sive quibuscumq' personis ea eis dare concedere legare vel assignare 
volente seu volentib' perquirere possint habend' et tenend' eisdem Burgensib' 
et successorib' suis in p'petu'm. Et ulterius in relevamen eor'dem Burgen- 
sium et successor' suor' de ulteriori gratia nostra concessimus et p' presentes 
concedimus eisdem Burgensib' et successorib' suis qd quilibet Burgensium 
predictor' pro tempore existen' sit quietus per totum et infra regnum nostrum 
Anglie et potestatem n'ram de thelonio pontagio passagio paiagio lestagio 
tronagio ancoragio stallagio caragio pesagio panagio terragio picagio 
chiminagio muragio fossagio pedagio kaiagio et de om'ibus aliis consuetu- 
dinib' de et pro om'ibus bonis et mercandisis suis in om'ibus locis infra 
regnum et potestatem n'ra predicta tam per terram q'm per mare et aquam 
dulcem in p'petu'm. Eo qd expressa mencio de vero valore annuo premissor* 
vel alicuius eor' in presentibus minime facta existat Ant aliquo statuto actu 
sive ordinatione incontrarium facto edito sive ordinato Aut aliqua re causa 
vel materia quacumque non obstante In cuius rei testimonium has I'ras 
nostras fieri fecimus patentes. 

Teste me ip'o apud Westm' vicesimo die Octobris Anno regni nostri 
duodecimo p' I're de privato sigillo et de data prela auctorita|$ paxliamenti. 



APPENDIX. xliii. 



]6j:tract0 from Dowlea iparidb 



Registrum parochiale de Dowles. 

[Vol. I. parchment 1572 to 1641.] 

Johannes filius Will'mi Grove et Joannae uxoris ejus baptizatus fuit 

xxiiitio Novembris 1572. 
1596 The vith day of Januarye was buried Joice Angels a stranger travel- 

inge to Bottrells Aston wheare shee was borne. 
The xxth day of May was maried Jhon Trowe and Mary Harlots by 

vertue of a lycence. 
z6o8 Jocosa filia Humfredi Garmeston et Jocosae uxoris ejus baptizata fuit 

decimo die Julii anno supradicto. 
z6io This year Mr Thomas Haward bestowed a Beere upon this Church 

being made at his only cost and Chardge 14 Aprill. 

Morgan Lewis peregrinus sepultus fuit xxmo die ffebr. et dedit per 
Voluntatem suam pauperibus huius parochiae — ^xs. 
1610 Thomas Weaver de la Boate Loade obiit xxiiitio die ffebr. 

z6i2 Thomas Haward generosus obiit decimo quarto die Julii et sepultus 
fuit decimo quinto die Julii ; qui dum vixit multa bona et prseclara 
huic parochiae fecit. 

1617 XX Jan. Robert of the green load* was buried. 

1619 Eliseus licenced by John L Byshop of Norwich preached at 

Dowlls the xxvth feb. 
Mr Hamonds f the i of May. 
Mr Wright { the xviith of August. 
Mr Stan way the 4 of January. 

163 1 The 27th of Novemb. was baptised Francis the son of Grifl&n ap Owen 
& Elizabeth his wife. 

• The Green Load was close to the " Folly Ford," where Dowles borders 
on Upper Arley. 

t Rector of Ribbesford. 

X Minister of Bewdley chapel. 



xliv. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

2659 At this meeting it is resolved by ye Parishioners yt ev7 Com'unicant 
Parish, shall pay for bread & wine pence a peece. 
[The aboTe item is extracted from entries in a paper memorandum book.) 



(Book No. 3.) 

This Register Book was bought in ye yeare 1656. 

In 1657 there were 5 marriages ; in 1658, 35. 
1659 >. .. 3f& ,. ; 1660, 31. 
1661 n I, I II ; 1662, o. 

1669 ffrancis Ap owen was buried Jan. 17th. 

1674 Thomas Billingsley of Bromigham married Aug. 4th. 

1683 Job Walker Esq. of Wotton and Rebecca the second daughter of Tho :. 
Ld fifoUiot of MittOQ in the parish of Kederminster were married 
August the 23rd. 

Oct. 7 1695 
Memorand. that whereas Mary ye wife of Tho : Hale of ye Boat Load 
claimed ye upper kneeling in ye Seat belonging yt, the Hill House & some 
others : the parties grieved consenting to refer ye contraversie to ye Right 
Honourable Henry Lord Herbert, his Lordship was pleased upon ye hearing 
of ye evidence to determine yt ye upper kneeling belonged to ye Hill Houser 
& ordered this his determination should be here entered by me. 

Nath. Williams, Rectcw. 

Some Collections in Dowles Church. 

Collected flfeb. 28: 1685 toward the Repayre of houses 
burnt at Hereford two shillings & twopence. 

June 15, 1686 toward ye Releif of ye flfrench Protestants 
yt fled to England us 6d (By 35 subscribers.) 

A Collection in the pish of Dowles towards ye rebuilding 
of St Pauls Church in the citty of London Anno 
1678 : — us 24 

The names of the Contributors towards the Redemption 
of those taken by the Turk 1680 — 9s 2d 

June 168 1 towards the repayre of St Albans steeple . . o 02 7 

Nov. 6, 168 1 for lesser poland 2s 2d 

1687 Towards the releif of the Irish protestants — 14s lojd 

Collected in April 5, 1699 towards the Relife of the 

french prodistons . . 01 14 09 

1703 March 5 for ye Inhabitants of ye Principality of Orange 

forced to quit their native country for ye sake of s d 

Religion to ye number of three thousand . . . . o 9 S 

X704 June 18 for ye Reliefe of ye distressed Widows & Orphans 
of those Seamen & Mariners who lost their lives in 
ye dreadful Storm & Tempest which happened on ye 
26th — 27th. days of 9ber last past . • . • . . X4S 3d 



APPENDIX. xlv. 

1708 May 30 for Bewdley in the County of Worcester . . 4s gjd 

Jan. 30 y« Head of the Cannon Gate at Edinburgh in 

North Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . 3^ 2d 

1709 Ju 19 for St Mary Redcliflfe Church in Bristol . . . . 3s 8d 

1706 xbr 22 for Darlington Church in ye County Palatine of 

Durham 58 7j<i 

1709 Nov. 22 for ye Poor Palatines iis iid 

1711 Jan. 16 Collected the Cow Breif from House to House . . 4s id 

17I? March 11 for ye Reformed Episcopall Churches in 

Poland & Polish Prussia . . is 4d 

1723 for ye Brief of Brighthelmston in Com. Sussex occasioned 

by )re overflowing of ye Sea. May ye 6th . . . . 2S 4d 

1729 March 24 for y^ Protestants of Copenhagen . , . . is id 

1739 Aug, 6 for ye Brief of Bobi & Villar in ye Valley of 

Luzerne in Peidmont os 9^^ 

1742 May 17 for ye Oyster Dredgers in Com. of Kent. . . . os 2d 

1744 June 10 for ye Brief of Bewdley Chapel in Com. of 

Worcester os od 

1756 7her 13 for Clunn Church in Com. of Salop . . . . 2s od 

1757 7ber 5 for Brighthelmstone Fortifications in Com. Essex is ijd 

1762 July 28 for Saarbruck Ch. and School in Germany , , 7s 2d 

1763 June 30 for ye Colleges in America 14s od 

1765 March 17 for ye Philippen Colony in Turkish Moldavia. 28 3d 

1768 Aug. 15 for ye Voudois Protestants 2S 7jd 

1770 May 14 for ye Brief of Dowles Church in Com. of Salop 5s od 

1772' April 7 for Inundations in Com. Salop os 2d 

[In all about one thousand collections by Brief are registered, filling 70 
folio pages.] 

In Dowles Overseers' and Churchwardens' Accounts. 

Spent at ye Boat load when company met about ye foxes. 00 00 1} 

Mr Nath. Williams late Rector of Dowles (who died Aug. 12, 1701) left 
five pounds unto ye Poor of ye said Parish the interest thereof to be laid 
out in buying some of ye Books hereafter named, viz., Bibles, Common 
Prayer with ye New Testamt, Expositions upon ye Church Catechism, & 
Helps to Com'unicants, Christian Monitor, Wake upon death, or such like — 
to be distributed every 2nd year by Rector. 

1701 Spent at ye Bull (at Mr Price's Induction) o 04 o 

Paid for Ringing on Novemb. ye 5th is 2d & for drink at 

ye Bonfire 2s 6d o 03 8 

1704 for Ringing when ye joyful News was brought of ye 
glorious Victory obtain'd by ye Duke of Marlborough 
over ye fifrench at Hochstet • . . o o 6 



xlvi. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 

1706 To Will. Grove for a journey to Bridgnorth to pay in the 

money for windows .. •• o 2 6 

to John Lucas Collector of Money for Births & Burials, 

to pay in ye Money o 2 6 

A journey to Bridgenorth about pressing Soldiers . . o 02 ' 6 

An Account of Gommer Perks's Goods which were 
apprised by Thomas Weaver churchwarden & John 
Lucas Sept. 2, 1706 as follows 

One Wheel o 01 6 

One high crown hat & hat case Gd ' . , , . o 00 6 

&c. &c. &c. /. 5. d. q. 

1707 ffor Urchins 00080 

£for Vagabonds o 02 8 o 

ffor a Hue & Cry 00060 

1710 ffor 30 Urchins 5s ocl 

ffor mending the Dyall iis od 

1716 ffor goeing with two vaggabons to Areley is od 

ffor goeing to Button Bridge to pay Bridge money . . is lod 

1735 For three foxes •• .. o 3 o 



(Book No. 4) 
This Booke was bought in May 1698 By Francis Radnall. Price los. 



This Register is surveyed till March 25, 1698 by Joh. Yapp survr. 
Nath : Williams, Rector. 

Z701 Nathaniel Williams Rector of this parish dyed August ye 12. 

1702 Sept. 24. Edward Bury of Stanford in Com. Wigom Bachelour 
& Anne Postunne of Upper Areley in Com. Stafiordiae Spinster 
were married. License. 

At foot of page " Exd by Tho: Davies, Survey'." 

1716 Bap. Apr. 15th. Joseph son of John Tunkes Pattinringmaker. 

1720 Jan. 3 Samuel Hassal Physician & Apothecary of Bewdley. 

1724 The Reverend Mr Martin Crane junier Buried October ye 28th. 

1760 Aug. 31 Mary daughter of Joseph Morris a viper came into bed to 
her & bit her, which caused her death. 



1795 May 30 Pd Mr Hide of Stottesdon for Dowles share of the Man to 

serve in his Majesty's Navy ;f 2 2 o 
1803 23 Aug. Taking Account of all the Live Stock Waggons Carts & Draft 

Horses in the Parish. 
Puting down all the Peopil in the Parish in thair t)ifferent Classes 

Liable to surve in the Armey in case of Invasion. 



APPENDIX. xlvii. 



Pedigree of Mortimer of Wigmore, 
Lords of Bewdley. 



Ralph de Mortimer (i.)==Milicent 



Hugh de Mortimer (i) Lord of=Maud d. of William Longesp^e, Duke of 
Wigmored. Feb. 26, 1181 | Normandy 

(i) Milicent d. of . . .=Roger de Mortimer (i)=(2) Isabel sister and heir of 



Ferrers, Earl of 
Derby 



d. June 24, 1214 



Hugh de Ferrers of Oakham 
and Lechlade, d. circa 1252 



Hugh de Mortimer (ii)=Annora d. of Ralph de Mortimer (ii)=Gladuse d. of 



d. 1227. s.p. William de sthLordofWigmore, 

Braose d. Aug. 6, 1246 



Llewellyn 
Pr. of Wales 



Roger de Mortimer (ii)=Maud dr. & co-heir of Wm. de Hugh de Mortimer of 
d. Oct. 27, 1282 I BraoseofBrecknock,d. 1301 Chelmarsh, d. 1273 



Edmund de Mortimer (i),=Margaret d. of Sir Wm. de Fendles (a Spaniard) 
b. on or before 1255 ; a 
Clerk in 1263 ; d. 1304 



Roger Mortimer (iii),=Joan d. and heir of Isolda=(i) Walter de Balun ; 



Earl of March, born 
April 25, 1287; exe- 
cuted Nov. 29, 1328 



Sir Peter de Gene- (heiress (2) Hugh de Aud- 
ville, born Feb. 2, of Upper ley 
1286; died 1356 Arley) 



Edmund Mortimer (ii)=Elizabeth d. of Bartholomew Lord Badlesmere 
d. Dec., 1331 



Roger Mortimer (iv) Earl of March=Philippa d. of William de Montacute, 
b. 1328 ; d. Feb. 26, 1360 I Earl of Salisbury, d. Jan. 3, 1382 



Edmund Mortimer (iii) Earl of March and Ulster=Philippa d. and heir of 
d. 138Z I Lionel Duke of Clarence 



Roger Mortimer (v) Earl of March=Alianor d. of Thomas Holland, Duke of 
slain in Ireland 1398 I Kent 



Anne d. of Edmund=Edmund Mortimer (iv) Anne Mortimer= Richard E. of 



Earl of Stafford, Earl of March, d. 
d. 1433 1425* s.p. 



Cambridge, 
behead. 1415 



Richard. Duke of York=: Cecilia d. of Ralph Nevill, Earl of Westmoreland, 
slain at Wakefield 1460 I d. 1495 

Edward Earl of March, who became King EDWARD IV. 



MISCELLANEA. xlix " 



ilDificcIIanea* 




N the forest near Button Oak about loo years ago 
a gold coin of the Emperor Tiberius was found. 
On one side was ti caeap divi avg f avgvstvs» 
on reverse, a figure sitting with a spear holding a 
branch of olive, pontif maxim vs. 



A tree of great interest to botanists was growing till lately in 
Wyre Forest. It was a ** Sorb Tree** {Pyrus domestica), and was 
the only apparently wild tree of the species in Britain. It was 
mentioned in the Philosophical Transactions for 1678 by 
Alderman Pitts, of Worcester, and was considered an old tree 
at that time. It was burnt down by some miscreant in 1862. 
Illustrations of the tree are given in Nash (vol. i., page 10) and 
in Lees' Botany of Worcestershire (pages xci. and 4). George 
J or den traced out what he thought to be the ruins of a 
hermitage near the spot. 



"A strange and true Relation of a Young Woman possest 
with the Devill By name Joyce Dovey dwelling at Bewdley 
neer Worcester. With a particular of her actions & how 
the evill Spirit speakes within her giving feareful answers 
unto those Ministers and others that come to discourse 
with her. As it was certified in a letter from Mr. James Dalton 
unto Mr. Th. Groom Ironmonger over against Sepulchres 
Church in London. Imprinted at London 1647.*' This is the 
title of a book of which only two printed copies are known to be 

G 



1. A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY, 

now in existence. Dr. Prattinton's MSS. contain a written 
copy of the whole ; but it is only of interest as showing the 
superstition of the age. Dovie or Dovey was a common name 
in Bewdley at the time mentioned ; and the Rev. John Boraston, 
Rector of Ribbesford, was one of the ministers who visited her. 



Susan Wowen, of Bewdley, had horns 3 inches long at the 
back of her head, which were shed every three years. In all 
she shed about 8 or 9. Mr. Soley, of Sandbourne, had one of 
them tipped with silver ; and another was sent to Oxford. 
Tradition relates that she was a very, wicked woman. Dr. 
Prattinton collected all the information he could obtain from 
ancient and modern history about people similarly circum- 
stanced, and the results fill many closely- written pages of 
his MSS. 



Winterdyne House was built by Sir Edward Winnington 
about 1760. Richard Symonds, who accompanied Charles I. 
in the civil wars (1644), says in his diary that there was then a 
" grotto cut out of the quarry of stone within Ticknell parke 
towards the Severne." 



The Rev. Walter Sweeper (see page 22) was buried at Stroud 
June 9, 1636. He published a discourse on Prov. xii., 16, and 
another on " Israel's Redemption by Xt, Wherein is confuted the 
Arminian Vniversall Redemption." From the preface to this 
book we learn that the famous Countess of Pembroke was a 
native of Bewdley. He says, " I intended to dedicate this to 
your truly noble sister the late deceased Countesse of Pembrock, 
in token of my thankfulnesse for her continuall favours shewed 
ever since she and my Lord her husband placed me in Bewdley 
where she first drew her happie breath; which place of her 
birth is styled by an ancient Poet, Delitium rerum hellus locus J* ^"^ 
(See page 4.) 

The old sign-board of the " Cock and Pye" Inn is very in- 
teresting to students of Shakspere, and has often been engraved 



* Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, part xii. 



INDEX. 



li. 



3nbcr* 



Abbots Walter, 8i 

Abergavenny. Barons of, 83 

Acton Robert, purchaser of Rock 

Manor, 93 
Addenbroke family, 72 
Aka — see Rock 
Algar Earl, 93 
Alton hamlet, 93 
Andrews Richard, lord of Rock 

Manor, 93 
Angel Inn, 40 

Archaeologia, Turstin's charter in, 2 
Areley Regis (see Lower Areley) 
Arley Upper (see Upper Arley) 
Arthur Prince, marriage of, 32 at 

seq.; funeral of, 34 et seq. 
Augustine St., his conference at 

Rock, 92 

Bailiffs, list of, xxxvi. et seq. 

Baker Slade, 47, xxxv. 

Balun Walter de, 90 

Bancks family, 13, 74, 80 

Baptists, 48 ; ministers, 49 

Baugh Edward, 60 

Baugh Mrs. T., 61 

Baxter Richard, 23, 29, 48, 56, 93 

Beale family, 73 

Beauchamp Thomas, 66, 71, 93 

Beaulieu, 3, 4, 5 

Bede Venerable, 92 

Bells, 25 



Benefactors, list of, 53 

Best Edward, 41, 59 

Bewdley, survey of, 7 ; as a sanc- 
tuary, 16 ; Bailiff and Burgesses 
of, 10; arms of, 19; markets 
and fairs, 6, 9, 14, xxxv.; popu- 
lation of, 15 ; trades of, 12, 13, 14 

Biset de, 83 

Blount Sir E., 7 ; George, 93 

Boraston family, 57, 72, 84 

Branch Peter, 44 

Bridge, 27 et seq.; grant of Richard 
III. to, 28 ; gatehouse on, 28 ; 
wardens appointed for, 28 ; 
damaged, 29; fighting on, 29; 
new, 30 

Bridgewardens* accounts, 28, 4i,xii. 
et seq. 

Brindley and the rise of Stourport, 
96 

Brookes George, 49 

•• Brut," author of, 88 

Burley Sir William, 90 

Burnell Sir E., 83 

Burton Mary, 80; Burton Charles 
James, 81 

Bury John, 44, 46 

Button Oak, hamlet and church, 81, 
xlix. 

Caldwell family, 73 
Camden, 4 



lii. 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



Canal, Worcester & Stafifordsbire, 96 

Carter family, 93 

Catherine of Braganza. 10 

Cawood John, 59, 81 

Chantries, 53 et seq. 

Chapel, 16 et seq.; houses under, 
17; painted glass and inscrip- 
tions in, 18; chantries in, 17, 
20; vestments of, 21; incum- 
bents of, 26; stage plays in, 21 ; 
bells in, 25. 

Chapelwardens' accounts, 20, 28, 
xii. et seq. 

Charles I. at Bewdley, 23, 40. 

Charters, Edward IV., 6, 43, xlii.; 
Henry VII.. 44; Henry VIII., 
44 ; James I., 44 ; James II., 44 ; 
Anne, 45 

Cheeke Richard, 73 

Church Missionary Society, 60 

Clare family, 25, 72 

Clark James, 49 

Clent James, 95 

Cleobury, 5, 63 

Cock and Pye signboard, 1. 

Cofton John, 95 

Coin, Roman, found near Button 
Oak, xlix. 

Cole James, 81 

Compton Sir Charles, 42, 55 

Coningsby Sir Harry, 87 ; John and 
Fitzwilliam, 93; Judge Con- 
ingsby, 93 

Corporation, 19, 24, xxxv.; officers 
of, XXX vi. et seq. 

Crane family, 80, 81 

Cromwell Richard, 41 

Cupper John, 73 

Davis Rev. E. V. W., 81 
Delamare Sir Richard, 90 
Delaware Barons, 86 
Despencer John le, 86 
Domesday book, i 
Dovey Joyce, xlix. 
Dowlas, 76 et seq.; ancient names of, 
76 ; church, 78 ; owners of, 79 ; 



registers of, xliii. et seq.; monu- 
ments and epitaphs, 79 et seq.; 
charities, 81 ; population, 81 ; 
rectors and patrons, 82 

Downton Castle, 63 

Dudley Lord. 6, 10, 83 

Eccles John, 48 et seq. 

Far Forest, incumbents of, 94 

Feild Bishop, 59 

Foley Lord, 83, 84 

Fortescue Rev. John, 25 

Fortescue Mrs., 25 

Fox Col., takes Bewdley, 39 

Fox George, 48 

Friends' meeting-house. 50 

Fryer James, 60, 73 

Garmston Humphrey, 81 

Gates 39, xxxv. 

Grammar School, 51 ; benefactors 

of, ibid.; head masters of, 52 
Griffith George, 61 
Grosvenor William le, 81 
Grove Thomas. 81 
Gurbehale, i 
Guy William, 81 

Hartlebury Castle, 6, 40 

Hassall family, 80 

Havergal Rev.F.T., 70 

Hayley family, 17, 41, 64, 73 

Heightington — chapel of St.Giles, 93 

Hemming family. 84, 85 

Herberts of Ribbesford, 45, 46, 67, 72 

Hereford Bishops of, 21, 22 

Hermitage in Wyre Forest, xlix. 

Hextan de, 90 

High Stewards of Bewdley, xl. 

Hodington Lucy wife of Alex, de, 95 

Hopkins family, 58, 73 

Horned woman, 1. 

Howard family, 80 

Illustrious Men, 55 
Inett Rev. John, 58 



INDEX. 



liii. 



Ingrams of Ribbesford, 17, 41, 42, 

68, 73 
Institute, 53 

James I. at Bewdley, 38 
Jorden George, 60 

Kateshill, 32 
Kenrick Samuel, 50 
Kidderminster, feud with Bewdley, 

33 
Knight Rev. Thomas, 24 

Layamon, 88 

Lechmere, 2, xxxix. 

Leland, 4, 11, 16, 28, 31 

Lench family, 95 

Lichfield, Bishop of, go 

Lloyd S. Zachary, 66, 86 

Lords President of Marches, list of, 

36 
Lower Arely, 86 etseq.; •* Sir Harry" 

and his tomb, 87; Layamon, a 

resident of, 88; rectors and 

patrons, 89 
Lower Mitton — see Mitton. 
Lyttelton family, 30, 39 et seq., 47, 

xxxi., XXXV., 3pLxix et seq., 90, 91 

Macdonald Hannah, memorial of, 74 
Malvern Priory, 76 et seq. 
Marches. Court of, 35 et seq. 
Mary Princess, at Ticknell, 35 
Mawley, 63 
Members of Parliament, list of, xxxix 

et seq. 
Mitton, I ; Lower Mitton, 95, 96 ; 

incumbents of chapel, 96 ; 

Upper Mitton, 96 
Mountnorris 2d Earl of, 91 
Mortimer, family of, i et seq., 65 ; 

arms of, 4, 71 ; pedigree of, 

xlvii., 86, 90 
Mucklowe family, 86 

Netherton Hall, 85 
Northumberland Duke of, 67 



Oasland Henry, 24, 49, 56 
Orange Prince of, letter from, 46 

Pack horses, 84 

Pakington Sir John, 57, xvi. 

Parliamentary Borough, 15, 47, 96 ; 

members of Parliament, xxxix. 
Paulet Sir Hugh, 37 
Pembroke the Earl and Countess of, 

22, 37, xvi., 1. 
Percy Bishop and Augustine's oak, 92 
Pew rents, 22, xxxv. 
Plays in the chapel, 21 
Poor curates, 93 
Port Henry de, 90 
Prattinton Dr., 16, 17, 50, 59 
Presbyterianism, 49 
Prichard family, 80 

Radnal Francis, 81 

Recorders of Bewdley xli. Deputy 
do. xli. 

Reynolds Jabez, 49 

Ribbesford fami^ of, 64 et seq; 
arms of, 66 

Ribbesford church, 68 ; monuments 
in, 4, 72; stained glass, 74; 
registers iii. et seq.; porch 69 
et seq; churchyard poetry 74 
et seq; Rectors and patrons 

ol 75 

Ribbesford House, 68 

Roberts W. Aylesbury, 47 

Rock, etymology of, 92 ; church, 88, 
93 ; incumbents and patrons, 
94 ; the Oak and St. Augustine, 
92 ; manor of, 93 ; chapel of St. 
Giles, 93 

Rupert Prince, 23, xxxii., 86 

Salweys of Moor Park, 17 
Sandys Colonel, 40 
Schools in Bewdley, 53 
Severne Rev. A., 93 
Seymour Lord, 35 
Signboard — Shakspearian, 1. 
Skey family of, 13, 61, 79, 80 



liv. 



A HISTORY OF BEWDLEY. 



Slade Samuel, 45 

Smith Anne Prichard, 81 

Smythe Richard, effigy of, 93 

Snede manor, 93 

Soleys of Sandbourne, 72 

Sorb tree, xlix. 

Spring Grove, 61 

Stourmouth, 96 

Stourport, 96 

Stowell Hugh, 59 

Stukeley Dr., 5, 41 

Superstition, xlix. 

Sweeper Walter, 22, 1. 

Sydney Sir Henry, 36, 37, 39, xiv. 

Telford, builds now bridge, 30 
Tibbitts John, 61 
Ticknell, 12, 31 et seq., 65 
Tiler John, 72 

Tombes John, 23, 48, 49, 55, 56 
Town-hall, old, 10, xxxv. 
Town Clerks, list of, xli. 
Treasurers, list of, xli. 
Turstin, 2, 3, 5, 63, 64 

Upper Arley, 90, 91 ; rectors and 

patrons, 91 
Upper Mitton — see Mitton 



Vobe Ellen, 81 

Walcot Sir Thomas, 44 

Walcot Charles, 37 

Wales Princes of, 6, 7 

Walsh Walter, 88 

Warden's halfpence, 46 

Wars, 23, 29, 39, 56 

Watermen, 14, 74 

Wesley Rev. John, 50, 96 
Wesleyan chapel, 50 
Wilkes John, 13, 95 
Willis Bishop, 52, 58 
Williams Nathaniel, 58, 81 
Winningtons of Stanford, 10, 17, 24, 

42, 45, 47, 59, 68, xxxix., xl., 1. 
Winterdyne, 32, 40, 1. 
Wodehouse family, 85 
Woodward family, 91 
Worcester, Bishops of, 3, 6, 21, 22, 

27, 62 
Worcester, Priory of, i, 2, 3, 5, 83, 90 
Wowen Susan, 1. 
Wribbenhall, i, 2, 6, 83 ; church, 84 

et seq. ; incumbents, 85 
Wyre, Forest of, 5, 65, xlix. 

York Richard Duke of, 90 




Stamford : Printed at the Old Lincolnshire Press. 



OCT 19 196 




OCT 1 9 196