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Full text of "A History of the Northern Peninsula of Michigan and Its People;.: Its Mining, Lumber and ..."

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A HISTORY 

OF THE 

NORTHERN PENINSULA 
OF MICHIGAN 

AND ITS PEOPLE 



ITS MINING, 

LUMBER AND AGRICULTURAL 

INDUSTRIES 



By 

ALVAH L. SAWYER 

ILLUSTRATED 



VOLUME II. 

1911 

THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 

CHICAGO 



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History of 
The Northern Peninsula of Michigan 



Hon. Richard C. Flannigan. — To say that one has the confidence 
and esteem of the people among whom he lives is to pay him a distinct 
compliment, and this can truthfully be said of Hon. Richard C. Flan- 
nigan, of Norway. Keen and accurate in his preceptions, possessing 
the judicial ability which implies intuitive wisdom, he has steadily 
worked his way upward from the poor country lad, dependent upon 
his own resources, to a high position in the legal fraternity, in the 
meantime, hy close application to his work and to the opportunities 
afforded him, has acquired well deserved wealth and fame. A son 
of the late Captain James Flannigan, he was born, December 12th, 
1857, at Ontonagon, Ontonagon county, Michigan. 

Born and reared in County Waterford, Ireland, Captain James 
Flannigan was for many years engaged in mining in the old country. 
Emigrating to the United States in the "forties," he located at Onton- 
agon, becoming one of the pioneers of the Upper Peninsula, and one 
of the very first to mine copper in this region. He was subsequently 
joined by his wife and their four children, who came over from Ire- 
land in a sailing vessel. After a few years he was made captain of 
the Forest, now the Victoria. Mine, and retained that position as long 
as he was able to work. On retiring from active pursuits, he removed 
with his family to Marquette, and there resided until his death, at 
the age of seventy-six years. He married Ellen Sullivan, who was 
born in County Waterford, Ireland, and died in Michigan at the age 
of sixty years. To them thirteen children were born, ten sons and 
three daughters. 

Richard C. Flannigan acquired his knowledge of the three "r's" 
in the pioneer log schoolhouse in Ontonagon county. Removing wilh 
his parents to Marquette when eleven years old, he soon found em- 
ployment as checking clerk and bell boy at the scales of the Mar- 
quette, Houghton and Ontonagon Railroad, subsequently being trans- 
ferred to the ore docks. Work there being discontinued every Fall, 
he attended the ward school three winters, making substantial ad- 
vancement in his education. Desirous, however, of earning wages 
every month in the year, Richard applied to the company for such a 
position, but the only place it could offer him was that of assistant 



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632 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

to the agent at Humboldt, which would give him twenty dollars each 
month. "While considering the Company's proposition, he .was offered 
a situation in a lawyer's office at the same salary, and accepted it, a3 
it enabled him to live at home. Becoming interested in legal subjects, 
he eagerly availed himself of the opportunity afforded him for study, 
and began reading law in the office of his employers, Parkes and 
Hayden. At the end of four years Mr. Flannigan entered the law 
department of the University of Michigan, and continued his studies 
there for a year. His funds being then exhausted, he returned to 
Marquette, entered the law office of M. E. Maynard, and at the age 
of twenty-one years applied to the Circuit Court at Marquette, for 
admission to the bar, his plea being granted. 

Immediately beginning the practice of his profession at Marquette, 
Mr, Flannigan remained there until 1881, when he located in Norway. 
Successful from the first, he was ere long doing business for various 
corporations, eventually being retained by the more important mining 
corporations of the Range. As an attorney he gained a wide reputa- 
tion in criminal practice, being especially strong in jury trials. Since 
abandoning that branch of practice, he has been very active and prom- 
inent as a business lawyer, handling extensive business transactions, 
representing organizations that have large and important financial 
interests. About 1890 Mr. Flannigan was appointed attorney for the 
Chicago & Northwestern Railway Company, and filled the position 
most ably and successfully until January, 1910, when he was appointed 
to his present high position as Judge of the Circuit Court, an office 
for which he is eminently qualified, as well by natural gifts and tera- 
peranient as by professional knowledge, untiring industry and great 
integrity. 

Judge Flannigan married in 1884. The Judge and Mrs. Flannigan 
have one child, Clement Flannigan, now a student in the University 
of Michigan. Until 1896 Judge Flannigan was a Democrat in politics, 
but being opposed to the coinage of free silver he then joined the 
Republican party, with which he has since been affiliated. He has 
the distinction of having served as the first mayor of Norway, and 
was for eighteen years a member of the Norway School Board, serving 
as president until appointed Judge. When, on the election of Judge 
Stone to the Supreme Bench, he was tendered the position of Circuit 
Judge, he accepted, having been unanimously nominated as candidate 
in both the Itepubliean and Democratic caucus. 

Charles I. Cook.— In this age of colossal enterprise and marked 
intellectual energy the prominent and successful men are those whose 
abilities lead them into large undertakings and to assume the responsi- 
bilities and labors of leaders in their respective fields of endeavor. 
Success is methodical and conservative and however much we may in- 
dulge in fantastic theorization as to the elements and causation in any 
isolated instance, in the light of sober investigation we shall find such 
success to be the result of the determined application of one's abilities 
and powers along the rigidly defined lines of labor — whether mental 
or manual. He whose name introduces this article has undoubtedly 
done more than any other one man to further the industrial and com- 
mercial prestige, as well as the material attractiveness, of the city of 
Menominee, where his hand has guided, with all of discrimination and 
admirable initiative and administrative power, industrial enterprises of 
great scope and magnitude. While this brief sketch, whose limitations 
are necessarily cirenmscnbed, cannot enter into details as to the various 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF JIICTHGAN 633 

stages of his career, it is incumbent that there be incorporated within 
the pages of the publication at hand at least a short resume of his life 
and labors. He is one of the most progressive and public-spirited citi- 
zens that the Upper Peninsula can claim and his name represents a 
power in connection with business and civic affairs, besides which he 
has so ordered his course as to command at all times the unqualified 
confidence and esteem of his fellow-men. 

Charles I. Cook finds no small meed of satisfaction in reverting to 
the great western metropolis of Chicago aa the place of his nativity. 
There he was bom on the 21st of August, 1862, and he is a sou of 
Charles W. and Sarah A. (Coonley) Cook. Charles Willard Cook was 
bom at Haddam, Connecticut, in 1834, and was a scion of the sterling 
family founded in New England in the Colonial epoch of our national 
history. He passed the closing years of his life at Odebolt, Sac county, 
Iowa, dying in 1902, at which time he was sixty-eight years of age. 
The cherished and devoted wife was born in Albany, New York, in 
which city their marriage was solemnized, and she was thirty-three 
years of age at the time of her demise. Of the five children of this 
union, three arc now living, of whom the eldest is Charles I., the imme- 
diate subject of this review; Albert E. is engaged in the real-estate 
business at Odebolt, Iowa, and there conducts an extensive enterprise 
in the handling of farm lands, besides which he has the distinction of 
owning and operating the largest farm in that state; Emma E. is the 
wife of F. I. Carpenter, who resides in the city of Chicago. 

Charles Willard Cook, father of the subject of this sketch, was a 
son of Willard and Abigail Cook, and was thirteen years of age at the 
time of the family removal from Connecticut to the west, in 1847. 
They first located at Libertyville, Illinois, and about three years later 
removed to Chicago, where "Willard Cook erected the first brick house 
on what is now the West side of the great metropolis. He became a 
citizen of much prominence and influence and was one of the repre- 
sentative pioneer business men of Chicago. His son, Charles Willard 
Cook, received his educational training in the schools of Chicago and as 
a young man identified himself closely with biosiness interests in that 
city. lie was the first to establish there a real-estate loan business and 
also conducted large operations in the handling of city and farm prop- 
erty, becoming one of the most important factors in connection with 
these lines of enterprise, through which he gained a substantial for- 
tune. He retired from active business in the early seventies and there- 
after gave his attention principally to the supervision of his extensive 
capitalistic interests. He identified himself with the Republican party 
at the time of its organization but was never an aspirant for a public 
office of any order. Both he and his wife are devoted members of the 
Congregational church. 

Charles I. Cook is indebted to the public schools of Chicago for his 
early educational discipline, which included a course in the high school, 
and at the age of seventeen years he went to Iowa, where his father 
had secured large tracts of land, and turned his attention to agricul- 
tural pursuits, finding due measure of satisfaction in the radical change 
from metropolitan to rural life. Later he became an extensive dealer 
in farm lands, and in this connection handled properties in all sections 
of the state of Iowa, meanwhile maintaining his home in Odebolt, Sac 
county, where occurred the death of his father, as already noted in this 
context. While a resident of the Hawkeye state Mr. Cook gained the 
same worthy precedence now enjoyed by his brother in that he owned 
and conducted the largest farm in the state, devoting same to diversi- 



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634 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP JHCHIGAX 

f.ed agriculture and the breeding of high grade stock. There he con- 
tinued to be actively and successfully identified with these lines of 
enterprise until 1891, when he removed to Menominee, Michigan, and 
engaged in the wholesale grocery business as a member of the firm of 
Somerville, Penberthy & Cook, which later became Penberthy & Cook. 
Finally the business was incorporated under the title of the Carpenter- 
Cook Company and of the same Mr. Cook has been the executive head, 
besides which he practically owns the controlling stock. This is one 
of the most important commercial concerns of the Upper Peninsula and 
its facilities and equipment are of the best metropolitan type. The 
company controls an extensive trade throughout northern Michigan 
and "Wisconsin, and its annual transactions represent a large aggregate. 
In 1906 Mr. Cook effected the organization and incorporation of the 
Michigan Refining & Preserving Company, of which he is president and 
the virtual owner of all the stock. This company has developed its 
business to a point which makes it one of the leading industries of 
Menominee and one that has a most beneficent influence in conserving 
the prosperity of the community, owing alike to the large number of 
employes retained and to the large amount of cash paid out to farmers. 
The factory has unexcelled facilities for the preserving and canning 
of fruits and vegetables and its products have been introduced and 
found ready demand in the most diverse sections of the Union. The 
concern controls an especially lai^e trade throughout the northwest 
and its business permeates through the Pacific coast states. The initia- 
tive power and enterprising spirit of Mr. Cook have led him to identify 
himself with many industrial xmdertakings in Menominee and his in- 
terposition has invariably begotten definite success. Thus it may be 
noted that he is president of the Menominee River Sugar Company, 
engaged in the manufacture of beet sugar upon an extensive scale ; that 
he is president of the Menominee Pickle Company and that he is also 
the executive head of the Menominee Land & Iron Company, an organ- 
ization which controls much holdings of real-estate and vast tracts of 
mineral and agricultural land in the Upper Peninsula. Mr. Cook is 
also owner of the Menominee Opera House, a fine place of entertain- 
ment, and through his personal efforts have been secured many of the 
best attractions that customarily are to be seen only in metropolitan 
centres. He is a member of the directorate of the First National Bank 
of Menominee and he is owner of the Pine Hill farm, one of the best 
improved and most valuable landed estates of the kind in this section 
of Michigan. On this place, which is about three miles distant from 
Menominee, he has a most attractive summer home which, like his city 
residence, is the centre of gracious hospitality. He also owns what is 
known as the Nine-mile farm and he finds much of pleasure and satis- 
faction in supervising this fine landed estate, which has an aggregate 
area of fully thirty-five hundred acres. This property he purchased 
of the late Samuel M. Stephenson. On his farms he devotes special 
attention to the raising of peas and beans, which are utilized in the 
plant of the Michigan Refining & Preserving Company, of which he is 
president. 

In politics Mr. Cook is a firm believer in the generic principles of 
the Republican party, although in local aifairs he maintains an inde- 
pendent attitude and gives his support to men and measures meeting 
the approval of his judgment, irrespective of partisan lines. His po- 
litical independence was further shown in the fact that he east his first 
presidential vote for the Honorable Grover Cleveland, of whom he was 
a great admirer. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF JHCIIIUAN (i35 

On the 16th of May, 1890, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Cook 
to Miss Elizabeth Patterson Carpenter, who was born in the village of 
Pike, Wyoming county, New York, and who was an infant at the time 
of her mother's death. She was adopted by the late William 0. Car- 
penter, who became a prominent and influential citizen of Chicago and 
later of Menominee, and who was extensively concerned in the great, 
lumber industry in northern Michigan for many years. Mr. Carpenter 
was born in the old Empire state of the Union, where he was reared and 
educated, and as a young man he located in Chicago, whence he later 
removed to Menominee, where he had large real-estate and capitalistic 
interests and where he continued to reside until his death. Mrs. Cook 
is a popular figure in connection with the best social activities of her 
home city and is a woman of most gracious personality. 5Ir. and Mrs. 
Cook have two fine sons,^CharIes I., Junior, who was born on the 30th 
of November, 1892, and William Carpenter, who was born on the 10th 
of December, 1896. In conclusion of the sketch is consistently entered 
the following appreciative estimate that appeared in the Daihj Herald- 
Leader of Menominee and which affords an idea of the status which 
Mr. Cook holds in the city to whose advancement he has contributed 
in a liberal measure. 

Mr. Cook has certainly been the largest individual factor in the 
creation of new enterprises for the city of Menominee and vicinity. It 
is said that the factories and other industries under his supervision 
have a weekly pay roll of at least fifteen hundred names. Besides those 
employed at the wholesale house, his factories and his farms, Mr. Cook 
has in his emph)y, year in and year out, regular crews of carpenters, 
paper-hangers, painters, plumbers and other workmen. 

Personally Ifr. Cook is a man whom it is at all times a pleasure to 
meet, broad in his ideas, conservative in his views, and public-spirited 
in the largest sense of the word. His business geniiis has been a per- 
sistent factor in the upbuilding of Menominee and the Upper Peninsula, 
and the hundreds of men and women who have been given their first 
chance in the splendid concerns with which he is identified have been 
able to start in the right way and have acquired experience in business 
and industrial pursuits which will be of lasting benefit to them and 
assures them of successful careers. 

The influence of Mr. Cook is conspicuous in Menominee not only 
in business and industrial circles but also from social and artistic 
standpoints. He occupies one of the most beautiful homes in Menominee 
and in a man of large hearted but most unostentatious charity. Tha 
Menominee Opera House is his personal property, and under his direc- 
tion many of America's most eminent abtors are secured for this city. 

Whenever there is an enterprise on foot which has as its object the 
benefit of this city, Charles I. Cook is sure to be counted among those 
present, and, more than this, he is one of the men who will stay with 
it, and whose ability and shrewdness will contribute in no small degree 
to making it a success. 

Daniel Vaughan.— Occupying a position of prominence among the 
leading citizens of Marquette, being now mayor of the city, Daniel 
Vaughan is widely known to the traveling public as the conductor of a 
passenger train on the Duluth, South Shore and Atlantic Railway. A 
native of Michigan, he was born, November 28, 1869, in Ishpeming, a 
son of the late John Vaughan. 

John Vaughan was bom, in 1826, in County Kerry, Ireland, where 
he spent the first few years of his life. Emigrating to this counlry. he 



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636 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

crossed the ocean in a sailing vessel, landing in New York city. He 
subsequently lived for a time in the east, first in the Empire state and 
later in Massachusetts. Coining theu to Michigan, he located first in 
Ishpeming and later at Negauuee, where he worked in the iron mines 
until 1884. Changing his occupation, he dealt extensively in live stock 
until 1900, and from that time until his death, May 18, 1906, lived re- 
tired from active business. He married, in New York state, Johanna 
Nolan, who was bom, in 1834, in County Kerry, Ireland, and they be- 
came the parents of ten children, five of whom survive, as follows: 
John, of Butte, Montana; Patrick, of Marquette; Anna, wife of F. Sul- 
livan; Daniel; and Mary. The father was a Republican in politics, a 
member of the Roman Catholic church, and belonged to the Ancient 
Order of Hibernians. 

But six months old when his parents removed to Negaunee, Michi- 
gan, Daniel Vaughan was there reared and educated. Brought up to 
habits of industry and thrift, he began his railway work when but thir- 
teen years old by carrying water for a construction crew. He after- 
ward worked as an errand boy at the Lillie Mine, where later he be- 
came what is called a lander. He was subsequently put to firing an 
engine, and later given charge of a stationary engine at the same mine. 
In 1889 Mr, Vaughan secured a position as lander at the Cambray 
Mine, where he was later engineer until August 20, 1890. Entering 
then the employ of the Duluth, South Shore and Atlantic Railway Com- 
pany, he was first switchman at the Ishpeming yards, later being made 
engine foreman and afterward a freight brakeman. In May, 1898, Mr. 
Vaughan was promoted to freight conductor, and served with such 
ability, fidelity and judgment that in June, 1903, he was given ehai^e 
of a passenger train as its conductor, and has since held the position, 
his willing, faithful and accommodating spirit making him a most popu- 
lar and acceptable official. On April 4, 1909, Mr. Vaughan was elected 
mayor of Marquette, and is filling the place with characteristic fidelity. 
He is a sound Republican in his political affiliations, and a valued mem- 
ber of the Knights of Columbus, of the Ancient Order of Hibernians, 
and of the Order of Railroad Conductors. 

On May 22, 1895, Mr. Vaughan was united iu marriage with Amelia 
Murry, who was bom in Negaunee, Michigan. Her father, August 
Murry, was bom in Canada, where he learned the carpenter's trade. 
Since 1877 he has been in the employ of the Lake Superior Iron Com- 
pany, being one of its oldest and most trusted employees, his home being 
in Ishpeming. His wife, whose maiden name was Amelia Bissar, was 
bom in New York state. Four children have been bom to Mr. and 
Mrs. Murry, as follows: Mary, Mrs. Vaughan, Lena and Excilda. Mr. 
and Mrs. Vaughan have six children, namely: Daniel J., John E., Clar- 
ence J., Thomas C, Florence M. and Leo Patrick. 

Anson B. Miner. — A man of rare financial ability and worth, Anson 
B. Miner, cashier of the Miners' National Bank of Ishpeming, occu- 
pies a position of prominence among the foremost bankers of the state 
of Michigan, and is identified with a number of leading banking insti- 
tutions in the Upper Peninsula. A native of Illinois, he was bom on 
the 23d of September, 1845, in Toulon, Stark county, and received his 
education in Galesburg, Illinois, attending first the public schools and 
completing his early education at Knox College. 

Beginning his career in early manhood Mr. Miner held various 
positions in the old City National Bank of Chicago, being promoted 
from time to time. Subsequently, on account of ill health, he was sent 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN ■ 637 

to Colorado to recuperate and spent four or five years in other parts 
of the west. Returning east, he came to Ishpeming, Michigan, in 
1884, as cashier of the Ishpeming National Bank. In 1901 Mr. Miner 
organized the Miners' National Bank of Ishpeming, of which he has 
since been cashier. He is thoroughly conversant with the various 
branches of banking, to which he devotes the greater part of his time 
and attention, and he is now a stockholder and a director of the First 
National Bank of Negaunee, Michigan, and a stockholder in the State 
Bank oJ' Negaunee. 

Mr. Miner married, on the 17th of August, 1886, Josephine Coul- 
ter, a native of Michigan, and they have one daughter, Mary Minor. 
Politically Mr. Miner is an earnest supporter of the principles of the 
Republican party. Fraternally he was made a Mason in Chicago and 
belongs to various Masonic organizations of that city, including Ashlar 
Lodge. No. 308. Free & Accepted Masons, with which he united in 
1868; "Washington Chapter, No. 45, Royal Arch Masons; Apollo Com- 
mandery, No. 1, Knights Templar; and Oi-iental Consistory. He is 
prominent in this order and has attained to the thirty-second degree. 

George A. Newett has been an influential factor in connection with 
the industrial and social development of the "Upper Peninsula of Mich- 
igan and has long held prestige as one of the able and successful 
newspaper publishers of the state, being editor and proprietor of the 
Ishpeming Iron Ore, and maintaining his residence in the city of Ish- 
peming. He has been an intlucntial factor also in political affairs and 
throughout his career has exemplified the utmost civic loyalty and 
public spirit. 

George A. Newett was bom at Janesville, Rock county, Wisconsin, 
on the 8th of October, 1856, and is a son of William H. and Anna 
(McCuUough) Newett, the former of whom was born in Scotland, 
whence he came to America at the age of eighteen years, and the lat- 
ter was born in England, coming with her parents to the United 
States when she was a girl. William H. Newett located in the state 
of Connecticut soon after his arrival in America, and was there iden- 
tified in mercantile pursuits until about 1847, when he eame to the 
west and established his home in Janesville, Wisconsin, where he en- 
gaged in the milling business. He was one of the sterling pioneers 
of that now thriving city and was prominently identified with its de- 
velopment and upbuilding. In 1873 he eame to the Upper Peninsula 
of Michigan and located at Ishpeming, where he conducted a hotel 
and where he continued to reside until his death, which occurred in 
1876. Both he and his wife were communicants of the Protestant 
Episcopal church. They are survived by two children, — Frank T. 
who is a resident of Hurley, Wisconsin; and George A., who is the 
subject of this review. 

George A. Newett gained his early education in the public schools 
of his native city. He initiated his practical business career by en- 
tering upon an apprenticeship to the printer's trade in the office of the 
Ishpeming Iron Rome, the first newspaper published in Ishpeming. 
He familiarized himself with the intricacies and mysteries of the 
"art preservative of all arts," and in 1879 he established the Iron 
Agitator, a weekly newspaper which was conducted under that name 
for two years, at the expiration of which the title was changed to the 
present form, the Ishpeming Irwi Ore. This paper has been a potent 
factor as an exponent of local interests and also as a vehicle for fhe 
promotion of the Repiiblican party, to which Mr. Newett has ever 



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63B THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

given an uncompromising support. Special attention has been given 
to the consideration and exploiting of the mining interests of the 
Upper Peninsula and in letter press and subject matter the paper has 
been maintained at the highest modern standard, with excellent fa- 
cilities in all departments. 

Mr, Newelt has frequently served as a delegate to the state con- 
ventions of his party, has served as a member of the Republican 
state central committee and as secretary of the central eommittei; of 
Marquette county, in 1892. He was appointed sta'e commissioner of 
mineral statistics and of this office he remained incumbent until 1896. 
In his home city he has served as a member of the board of education 
and also as a member of the board of public works. He was appointed 
postmaster in 1906, and served in this oifice, of whose affairs he gave 
an able administration for four years when he voluntarily resigned it. 

In 1876 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Newett to Miss Mary 
E. Kichols, who was born in the city of Cleveland, Ohio, in 1857, 
and who died in 1896. Mr. and Mrs. Newett have five children, — 
Edna M., Rhea A., William H., George A., Jr., and Marie A. In 1904 
Mr. Newett remarried, his wife being Miss Edel A. Windsand, of 
Ishpeming. By this union there is one son, John W. 

Judge John W. Stone has long held precedence ai one of the rep- 
resentative legists and jurists of the Upper Peninsula and has served 
nearly twenty years as judge of the Twenty-fifth judicial circuit. 

He was horn at Wadsworth, Medina county, Ohio, on the 18th of 
July, 1838, and is a son of Rev. Chauncey and Sarah (Bird) Stone, 
both of whom were natives of Vermont and of English descent, the re- 
spective families having been founded in New England in the colonial 
days. Benjamin Stone, grandfather of the subject of this review, 
served as a member of the Vermont regiment in the war of 1812 and 
later he removed with his family to Jredina county, Ohio, where he 
ppssed the residue of his life, having been one of the sterling pioneers 
of the Buckeye state. 

Rev. Chauncey Stone was reared and educated in the old Green 
Mountain state, where his marriage was solemnized. In 18.36 he re- 
moved to Medina county, Ohio, where he reclaimed a farm from the 
wilderne*?s and where he continued to reside until 1856, when he re- 
moved to Allegan county, ilichigan, where he resided until his death, 
which occurred in 1881. Concerning him the following statement has 
been made: "He was a local minister of the Methodist Episcopal church 
and as such traveled to a limited extent, preaching and building up 
church&s. He led the life of a noble Christian man and won the respect 
and confidence of all with whom he- came in contact." The mother of 
Judge Stone was summoned to the life eternal in 1897 at the venerable 
age of eighty-two years. Of the children four soils and three daughters 
attained to years of maturity, namely: Dr. Benjamin V., who was hos- 
pital steward and acting assistant surgeon of the Twenty-eighth Mich- 
igan Volunteer Infantry, in the Civil war, and who died at Alexandria, 
Virginia, in March, 1865; John W.. who is the immediate subject of this 
review; Maria, who is the wife of H. N. Averhill, of Grand Rapids, 
Michigan; Cynthia L,, who died in California, in 1880; Chauncey C, 
who is a resident of California; Charles W., who resides in Allegan 
county; and Melissa, who is the wife of Joseph McConnell, of Allegan 
county. 

Judge John W. Stone received his early educational training in the 
schools of his native state and was eighteen years of age at the time of 



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JUDGE JOHN W. STONE 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF JUCITIGAN 639 

the family removal to Jliehigaii. Ho assisted his father in the re- 
clamation of the home farm in Allegan eounty and ihiring the winter 
seasons he was eugageil in teaching in the distriet schools. In 1859 he 
began readings law under the prweptorship of Silas Stafford, one of the 
leading members of the bar of Allegan county, and in 180O he was 
elected comity clerk of that county, an oflRce to which he was re-elected 
as hi.s own suee<'Ssor in 1862. In January of the year last mentioned 
Judge Stone was admitted to the bar of the state and at the close of 
the second term as. county clerk, in 1864, he was elected prosei'uting 
attorney of Allegan county, of which office, by successive re-elections 
he continued incumbent for six years. Concerning his professional 
career the following record was given in a history of the bench and 
bar of Michigan, published in 1897, and but slight paraphrase is made 
in the statements. 

When he first began active practice Judge Stone entered partner- 
ship with Judge I>an J. Arnold. During these years of public practice 
he had demonstrated that he eould be relied upon both for ability and 
integrity and he was called by the people to a higher grade of oflRcial 
service. In the spring of 1873 he was elected judge of the Twentieth 
judicial circuit, composed of the counties of Allegan and Ottawa. He 
resigned the judgeship the next year to accept a place in the tirm of 
Norris & Blair, Grand Bapids, the title of which was changed to Norris, 
Blair & Stone. During the continuance of this partnership the firm 
was said to be one of the strongest in western Jlichigan. In the fall of 
1875 Mr. Norris retired froTn the firm and Willard K'ingsley became a 
member, under the style of Blair, Stone & Kingsley. In 1876 Judge 
Stone was elected to represent the Grand Rapids district, composed of 
the counties of Allegan, Kent, Ottawa, Ionia and Muskegon, in the For- 
ty-fifth Congiess and re-elceted in 1878. While in Congress in 1878, 
having retired from the firm of Blair. Stone & Kingsley on account of his 
absence from the city, he formed a co-partnership with Edward Taggart, 
and N. A. Barle. under the firm name of Taggart, Stone & Earle, which 
partnership continued until 1882. After retiring from Congress, he 
was in 1882 appointed by President Arthur, Tlnited States attorney for 
the western district of Michigan. He discharged the duties of this of- 
fice for four years, retaining in the meantime his business in Grand Rap- 
ids in connection with Wesley W. Hyde, under the firm name of Stone 
& Hyde. In the performance of his duties as district attorney he was 
called frequently to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, which formed 
a part of his district, and during these business visits he became thor- 
oughly acquainted with the vast resources of that section of the state. 
So impressed was he with its possibilities, and the. promise of develop- 
ment in the future, that he determined to locate and establish his home 
in the Upper Peninsula. In May. 1887, he removed to Houghton, and 
entered into partnership with A. R. Gra.v. under the firm name of Stone 
& Gray. The junior member had a fine local reputation and as Judge 
Stone's reputation as a lawyer was state wide, it is not surprising 
that the new firm immediately came into prominence and a large prac- 
tice. In the spring of 1889. Judge Grant, of the Twenty-fifth judicial 
circuit, was elected to the bench of the supreme court, which left a 
vacancy on the circuit bench of that circuit. The property interests of 
the circuit are immense, and, as many of the property owners are non- 
residents scattered over the entire country, many intricate questions 
come before the court for adjudication, and a successor was wanted who 
could entirely meet the requirements. Judge Stone seemed to measure 
up to the required standard. He was a resident of another circuit, but 



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640 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

at the earnest solicitation of the bar and men engaged in commerce and 
manufacturing in the different counties of the circuit, he consented to 
be a candidate, and in 1890 was elected to till the vacancy. He removed 
to Marquette in 1S91. His course on the bench completely satisfied the 
popular expectation and justified the extraordinary action requisite 
to his elegibility. "When the Eepublican and Democratic conventions, 
composed of delegates from the several counties, assembled in Eseanaba 
in the spring of 1893, Judge Stone was renominated by acclamation and 
re-elected unanimously and by successive re-elections he continued on 
the bench of this circuit until December 31, 1909, having in April, 1909, 
been elected a justice of the supreme court of the state, taking his seat 
January 1, 1910, in which distinguished office he has since served. 

In politics Judge Stone accords a stanch allegiance to the Republican 
party and is a communicant of the Protestant Episcopal church, in which 
he is a member of the vestry of St. Paul's church in Marquette. He is 
identified with various social and fraternal organizations and is a man 
whose fine intellectual and professional attainments and genial traits of 
character have gained to him unalloyed popularity. In the high office 
of which he is now incumbent he has proved himself well worthy of the 
honor conferred upon him and has added dignity and distinction to the 
bench and bar of the state. 

In the village of Allegan, Michigan, in 1861, was solemnized the 
marriage of Judge Stone to Miss Delia M. Grover, daughter of Andrew 
P. Grover, who was at that time sheriff of Allegan county. Mrs. Stone 
died at Miarquette, January 25, 1902. Judge Stone has one son and 
three daughters living, concerning whom the following brief record is 
given: 

Carrie M. is the wife of Fred M. Champlin of Grand Rapids, Mich- 
igan; Nina and Edith M. reside with their father; John G. Stone is a 
member of the firm of Ball & Stone of Houghton, Michigan, and Frank 
B. Stone, the youngest, died at Eediands, California, September 15, 
1896, at the age of seventeen years. 

CiiABLEs C. Hansen, a well known citizen of Menominee, where he is 
now incumbent of the office of county clerk and register of deeds, and 
where he formerly served as county treasurer, is nmnbered among the 
sterling sons of the far Norseland who have identified themselves with 
the business and civic interests of the Upper Peninsula. These prefer- 
ments well indicate the high regard in which he is held in the commun- 
ity and no further voucher therefore need be asked. 

Charles Christian Hansen was bom in the beautiful city of Chria- 
tiania, Norway, on the 28th of January, 1861, and is the son of Mads 
and Gurine (Christensen) Hansen, both of whom were likewise natives 
of that same city, where the former was bom in 1826 and the latter in 
1825. The venerable father still retains his residence in his native land, 
and the mother was summoned to the life eternal in 1904. Of the three 
children of this union, it may be noted that Theodore is now a resident 
of Boston, Massachusetts; Charles C. is the immediate subject of this 
sketch, and Matilda remains in her native land. The father was long 
prominently identified with the lumber industry in Norway and has 
lived virtually retired since 1899. He is a devout member of the Luth- 
eran church, as was also his wife. Charles C. Hansen is indebted to the 
excellent schools of his native city for his early educational training, and 
in 1880, at the age of nineteen years, he severed the ties that bound him 
to home and fatherland and set forth to seek his fortunes in America. 
He landed in New York city and forthwith came westward to Chicago, 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 641 

where he remained only a few weeks, after which he traveled throughout 
various sections of the United States. In the summer of 1881 he eame to 
Menominee, and for the ensuing period of five or six years he found 
employment in connection with the lumbering industry, being engaged 
in the lo^ng camps during the winter seasons and assisting in log driv- 
ing operations on the river during the suminers. He nest secured the 
position of lireman on a lalie tug and he followed this line of occupation 
for four seasons. In 1892 he secured a license as a steamboat engineer 
and he held that position up to the close of the navigation season in 1896. 
He then engaged in the retail grocery business in Menominee, under the 
firm name of Hansen & Company. He built up a prosperous enterprise 
and continued to be identified with the same until the spring of 1900, 
when he disposed of his interest in the grocery business and entered upon 
an official career that has been mariied by definite success and that has 
gained to him unqualified public commendation. 

In November, 1900, Mr. Hansen was elected county treasurer of Me- 
nominee county, for a term of two years, at the expiration of which, in 
1902, he was chosen as his own successor. He gave a most able and care- 
ful administration of the fiscal affairs of the county, and the popular 
esteem placed upon his services was shown in the election of 1904, when 
he was chosen for his present responsible and exacting ofiice of county 
clerk and register of deeds, of which he has continued incumbent by suc- 
cessive re-election. In politics Mr. Hansen is a stalwart advocate of the 
principles and policies of the Republican party, and he and his wife hold 
membershp in the Lutheran church. In the Masonic fraternity he is 
affiliated with the Menominee Lodge, No. 269, Free & Accepted Masons; 
Menominee Chapter, No, 107, Royal Arch Masons ; Menominee Command- 
ery. No. 35, Knights Templars; and Ahmed Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, in the city of Marquette. He 
is also identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Fra- 
ternal Order of Eagles, the Sons of the North, the Modem Woodmen of 
America, and the Marine Engineers' Benevolent Association, 

On the 5th of September, 1892, Mr. Hansen was united in marriage 
to Miss Anna Matilda Christensen, who was bom and reared in Menom- 
inee and who is a daughter of Ole C. and Olena (Ericksen) Christensen, 
concertiing whom more definite mention is made in the sketch of the 
career of Theodore C. Christensen, on other pages of this work. Mr. and 
MVs. Hansen have one child. Myrtle Gertrude. 

Eugene D'. MosHER.^He to whom this sketch is dedicated is a scion 
of one of the honored pioneer families of Michigan and one that was 
founded in America in the early colonial days. He is at the present 
time incumbent of the responsible office of United States maxshal for 
the western district of Michigan, northern division, and he is one of 
the well known and highly esteemed citizens of Marquette. Eugene 
D. Mosher was born at Ann Arbor, Michigan, on the 28th of March, 
1864, and was there afforded the advantages of the public schools, 
including high school, besides which he attended a business college. 
At the age of twenty-one years he was appointed guard at the Michi- 
gan state prison in the city of Jackson, where he remained ten years. 
He then went to the city of Chicago and identified himself with the 
detective agency conducted by Captain Bonfield. In this connection 
he did a large and important work and traveled extensively through- 
out the west. Finally he returned to Jackson, Michigan, where he 
served as assistant postmaster for some time, after which he held a 
position of hall master and deputy warden of the state prison in that 



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642 THE XOETHEKN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

city. In 1883 he was appointed deputy warden of the branch state 
penitentiary at Marquette and he retained this office about eight 
years, at the expiration of which, ia 1904, he received his appoint- 
ment to his present responsible position, that of deputy United States 
marshal. His services in this office have been marked by great dis- 
crimination and ability and his administration has been effective and 
altogether admirable. He is Republican in his poliiieal proclivities 
and he is identified with various social and fraternal organizations. 

Eugene D. Mosher is a son of Horton and Sarah (McLean) Mosher, 
both of whom were bom in the state of New York, the former in 1840 
and the latter in 1844. The father now resides at Jackson, Michigan, 
and the mother was summoned to eternal rest on the 29th of April, 
1909, Of their three children two are living, of whom the subject of 
this sketch is the elder, and George N. is a resident of Denver, Colo- 
rado. Horton G. Mosher was engaged in the real-estate business in 
the state of New York, where he continued to reside until the early 
'60s, when he removed to Ann Arbor, Michigan. He was a civil en- 
gineer by profession and as such he enlisted in the Union army at the 
time of the Civil war, being aligned to duty in connection with the 
construction of military bridges, roads, etc., at various points in the 
south. While thus engaged he became ill and for some time was con- 
fined in a hospital at Chattanooga, Tennessee. He continued in the 
service of the government for three years and then returned to his 
home in Ann Arbor, where he was engaged in the real-estate business 
for many years and where he is now living virtually retired. 

Nelson Mosher, grandfather of the subject of this review, was 
born in Dutchess county, New York, and his death occurred in 1875. 
He became one of the distinguished members of the bar of Michigan 
and was one of the pioneer representatives in this state. He studied 
law under the preceptorship of Judge Knickerbocker, a leading mem- 
ber of the New York bar, and his license to practice in the supreme 
court of the United States was signed by the Hon. William H. Se- 
ward, clerk of the court. Upon coming to Michigan he first located 
in the village of Dexter, Washtenaw county, which place was then in 
the midst of a forest wilderness. He was one of the first postmasters 
of Dexter, holding this office under the administration of President 
Jackson. Later he established his home in Ann Arbor, where he be- 
came associated in practice wilh Judge Crane, under the firm name of 
Mosher & Crane. Wirt Dexter, who became one of the most distin- 
guished members of the Michigan bar, was a student in the law office 
of this firm. Finally Nelson Mosher removed with his family to Isa- 
bella county, this state, and he was the first lawyer to establish his 
residence in that county. He was a practical surveyor and he laid 
out the village of Mount Pleasant, the county seat of that county. He 
was the first county attorney of Isabella county and later served on 
the bench of the circuit court. On the 24th of November, 1902, a 
portrait of Judge Mosher was presented to the court and the people 
of Isabella county by the Isabella County Bar Association and the 
same was placed on the walls of the court house. The presentation 
address was made by Hon. Isaac A. Paucher, president of the bar 
association and its eldest member, both in point of years and con- 
tinuous service at the bar. Addresses were also made by other rep- 
resentative members of the bar of the county. Judge Mosher married 
Catherine Tice, a descendant of the Hudson River Kn'ickerboekers, 
and who died in 1877. Of their four sons and one daughter, two sons 
are now living,— Cass, who resides at Rosebush, this state, and Hor- 
ton G., father of the subject of this sketch. 



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THE NORTHERN' PENINSI'LA OF MICHIGAN 643 

The Mosher ancestry is traced back to Hugh Moshcr, who was 
bom in England in 1633 and who died at Dartmouth, Massachusetts, 
in 1713. He arrived in Ajmeriea on the 29th of January, 1660, He 
aod five others purchased at Newport, Rhode Island, a certain tract 
of land at Misquamicut, now Westerly. This property was secured 
from the Indian, Sehem Socho, who had received the same for com- 
pensation for his services in driving off the Pequot Indians in 1637. 
On the 9th of September, 1661, Hugh Mosher had a share of Westerly 
apportioned to him, but it is probable that he never resided there. He 
was made a freeman in 1664. On the 8th of July, 1668, he purchased 
of Thomas Lawton a farm near Hiinting Swamps, Rhode Island, and 
in August, 1674, he was a member of the court martial held at New- 
port, Rhode Island, for the trial of certain Indians, charged with 
complicity in King Philip's war. Several of the number were sen- 
tenced to death. In 1684, at Dartmouth, Massachusetts, Hugh Mosher 
was ordained as pastor of the First Baptist church, at the time of its 
organization. He continued to reside at Dartmouth until his death, 
which occurred on the 7th of December, 1713, and he was an exten- 
sive land holder in both Massachusetts and Ehode Island. He mar- 
ried Rebecca Harndel and they became the parents of three children, 
— John, James and Sarah. 

Eugene D. Mosher, whose name initiates this review, was united in 
marriage on the 18th of July, 1883, to Miss Tillia Hangsterfer, who 
was born at Ann Arbor, Michigan, and who is the daughter of Mich- 
ael J. and Teresa (Staub) Hangsterfer, both of whom were born at 
Frankfort on the Rhine, Germany. The father came to America when 
a young man and located at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, whence he later 
removed to Ann Arbor, Michigan, where he was engaged in the manu- 
facture of candies until the time of his death and where his widow 
still maintains her home. Of their large family of children only four 
are now living. Mr. and Mrs. Mosher have two daughters, Kathryn 
and Salome. 

William Andrews. — In the picturesque parish of St. Just, in the 
extreme western section of the county of Cornwall, England, was 
born this honored and representative citizen of Ishpeming, where he 
is now serving on the bench of the municipal court. He has long been 
a resident of the Upper Peninsula, has served in various offiees of dis- 
tinctive public trust and honor, including that of mayor of Ishpeming, 
and no citizen commands a higher degree of popular confidence and 
esteem. In the Cornish parish just noted Judge Andrews was born 
on the 3rd of October, 1849, and he is a son of John and Elizabeth 
(Allis) Andrews, both of whom were bom in the same parish, repre- 
sentatives of old and honored families of Cornwall, where they main- 
tained their home until the close of their lives. The father died at 
the age of seventy-three years and the mother was seventy-seven years 
of age when she was summoned to the life eternal. Both were most 
zealous and devout members of the Reformed Wesleyan church, in 
which the father was a local preacher and in which he long served as 
Sunday-school superintendent. lie was of the sturdy and ster- 
ling stock that has made the Comish type hold such high reputation 
as one generation has followed another on the stage of life, and his 
career was one of earnest and honest toil and endeavor. In his younger 
days he was identified with the great mining industry in his native 
county, and afterward engaged in agricultural pursuits, which en- 
listed his attention during the closing years of bis active career. Of 



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644 THE NORTHERN PENENSULA OF MICHIGAN 

the family of four sons and six daughters, one son, the subject of this 
review, and three daughters are now living, and of this number two are 
residents of the United States, to which country the honored father 
made a visit in the year 1873. Of the children the subject of this re- 
view was the third in order of birth. Judge Andrews gained his rudi- 
mentary education in the schools of his native parish, but his training 
has been largely that of self-discipline through well directed study 
and reading, which has made him a man of broad information and 
mature judgment. For a period of about eleven years he was em- 
ployed in the tin mines of hJs native county, where he remained un- 
til 1871, when he severed the home ties and came to America. "Within 
a few months after his arrival in the United States he came to the 
Upper Peninsula of Michigan and located at Negaunee. On the 1st 
of June, 1871, he there found employment in the McCumber mine, 
which is now known as the Lucy mine, and he continued to be en- 
gaged in mining work until 1874, after which he was employed for 
an interval as a traveling salesman in this section of the country. 
In the spring of 1875 he established a meat market at Champion 
mine, Marquette county, where he conducted a prosperous business in 
this line until March, 1880, when he removed to Ishpeming, where he 
was thereafter successfully engaged in the meat and grocery busi- 
ness until 1896. Within this long period he gained a secure hold 
upon popular confidence and regard and became one of the represen- 
tative business men of the city. The year last mentioned gave un- 
mistakable evidence of the esteem in which he is held in the commu- 
nity, since he was then elected mayor- of the city. He gave a most 
careful and businesslike administration and was chosen as his own 
successor in 1899, so that he remained incumbent of the mayoralty 
until 1900. In the spring of 1903 he was elected judge of the muni- 
cipal court, for a term of four years, and at the expiration of the same 
in 1907, he was re-elected. He has shown marked discrimination and 
judicial acumen in the handling of the affairs of this office, and his 
rulings have been signally fair and impartial, based upon justice and 
equity and upon the law, of which he has acquired a broad and prac- 
tical knowledge. His present term of office will expire in May, 1911, 
but there is all of assurance that he will be continued in the position 
through the appreciative support of the voters of the city until such 
time as he deems it advisable to retire. Judge Andrews also served 
one term as supervisor of the Eighth ward of the city. In politics he 
giv^ his support to what is locally known as the Labor party, and 
on its ticket he has been elected to the various municipal offiees 
noted. Judge Andrews is one of the most prominent and influential 
members of the fraternal order of the Sons of St. George in this sec- 
tion of the state, and his affiliation therein is with Trdawney Lodge 
No. 399, of Ishpeming, in which he has passed all of the official chairs 
and of which he has served continuously as supreme chancellor since 
1898. In 1889 he was a delegate to the Supreme Lodge of the order, 
at its meeting held in the city of Chicago ; and in 1907 he was elected 
to attend the meeting of the Grand Lodge in the city of Marquette. 
In Michigan, on the 7th of June, 1873, was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Judge Andrews to Miss Louise Wesley, who wag likewise born 
in Cornwall, England, as were also her parents, Francis and Louise 
(Blight) Wesley, both of whom passed the closing years of their lives 
in Ishpeming, Michigan. Of their five children, two sons and three 
daughters, one son is deceased. Mr, Wesley came with his family to 
America in the '60s, and located in the copper-mining district of the 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 645 

Upper PeDinsula of Michigan, and in this section of the state he con- 
tinued to be identified with mining operations during the residue of 
his active career. He was a Republican in politics and both he and 
his wife were members of the Methodist Episcopal church. Judge 
and Mrs. Andrews have three chitdren, — Elizabeth J., who married 
William Ripper; William J., who married Ethel Ditleson; and Albert 
W., a wholesale meat dealer at Ishpeming, for Nelson Morris & 
Company. 

Rev. Aciiille Pouun. — One of the able and honored members of 
the priesthood of the Catholic church in the Upper Peninsula of Mich- 
igan is Father Achille Poulin, who is pastor of St. Anne's church and 
who assumed this charge on the 12th of November, 1902. He is a man 
of most scholarly attainments, of distinctive administrative ability and 
most gracious personality, so that under his able direction both the 
spiritual and temporal affairs of his important parish have been sig- 
nally prospered. Under his direction the interior of the church has 
been remodeled and a fine new pipe organ has been installed, these im- 
provements representing an expenditure of seven thousand dollars. 
Besides this a $3,500 debt has been incurred for the improvement of 
the parish school, Father Poulin is director of the school and under 
his supervision the same has been brought up to an exceptionally high 
standard. In the same he has secured the services of devoted and ear- 
nest sisters from the Dominion of Canada and it has been conclusively 
proven that students in this school receive more thorough preparation 
and are better fitted to enter the eighth grade of the public schools than 
are those previously trained in the city schools. Father Poulin is now 
putting forth most earnest eflforts to secure the erection of a new school 
building, to be erected at a cost of not less than twenty-five thousand 
dollars, and there is every evidence that he will soon be able to realize 
his ambitions in this important work. 

Father Achille Poulin was born in St. Joachim of Montmorency, 
province of Quebec, Canada, on the 14th of June, 1861. He gained his 
early educational training in the parochial schools of his native town 
and at the age of fourt-een years he entered the seminary of Quebec for 
the prosecution of his classical course. There he continued his studies 
for a period of four years and after having passed the regular bacca- 
laureate examination, he was admitted to the two years' course of 
philosophy in Laval University, in Quebec. Upon attaining his legal 
majority he engaged in teaching in St. Lawrence College, near Mon- 
treal, and later he held a similar position at Notre Dame de Lourdes 
College, at Fall River, Massachusetts. In connection with pedagogical 
work of the institutions of the great mother church he was particularly 
successful and popular and in the meanwhile he had determined to 
fit himself for the priesthood of the church. With this end in view he 
entered St. Joseph's College, at Memramcook, New Brunswick, in which 
institution he prosecuted his theological studies. In the following year 
the late Bishop Vertin, who had admitted hira to his diocese, sent 
Father Poulin to St. Jerome's College, at Berlin, Ontario, and at St. 
Peter's cathedral, in the city of Marquette, Father Poulin was ordained 
to the priesthood at the episcopal hands of Bishop Vertin, on the 2nd 
of July, 1891. He celebrated his first mass in the old church in his na- 
tive town and after a few days of vacation he became assistant priest 
at St. Joseph's church, in Hancock, Michigan, on the 26th of July, 
1891. He was made administrator of St. Ignatii^' church, in Hough- 
ton, Michigan, on the 10th of September of the same year and held this 



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646 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

position during the absence of the pastor, Rev. Father Francis X. 
Beehr, in Rome. After leaving Houghton, Father Poulin spent two 
years as pastor of St. Jean Baptiste church, at Garden, Michigan; 
twenty months at St. Bruno's church, of Nadeau, this state; two years 
at St. Louis' church, at Calumet; four years at St. Joseph's church, at 
Iron Mountain; sixteen months at St. Joseph's church, at Ishpeming, 
and from the last named pastorate, he was sent to his present charge 
in Menominee. His labors in each of these pastorates in the Upper 
Peninsula have been fruitful in goodly results and he is one of the hon- 
ored and valued representatives of the Holy Catholic church in this 
section of the state. 

Thomas Connoes.— -Bright and ambitious from his earliest child- 
hood, filled with the American spirit of restlessness and the true Irish 
love of adventure, Thomas Connors, the popular postmaster at Negau- 
nee, Marquette county, has a familiar acquaintance with much of our 
country, his wanderings in the days of his boyhood and youth having 
taken him into many parts of our Union, and even beyond its confines. 
A son of William Connors, he was born, February 14, 1868, in Sheboy- 
gan eoimty, Wisconsin, of Irkh ancestry. 

A native of county Cork, Ireland, William Connors came to this 
country by sailing vessel when eighteen years old, disembarking in New 
York city. He made his way to New Orleans, where he worked a brief 
time, from there going to Akron, Ohio. After his marriage he moved 
with his young wife to Sheboygan county, Wisconsin, bought wild land, 
and was there employed in tilling the soil for nine or ten years. Coming 
from there to northern Michigan, he located in Negaunee, where he spent 
his remaining days, dying in 1905. He was a faithful member of the 
Itoman Catholic church, and in politics was independent, voting ac- 
cording to the dictates of his conscience. He married, in Akron, Ohio, 
Mary Flinn, who was born in county Cork, Ireland, in 1840, and died 
in 1896. Seven sons and five daughters were bom to them, and of these 
five children are living, as follows: Mary, wife of James Gleason; Ste- 
phen J., of Escanaba, Michigan; William, of Marinette, Wisconsin; 
Michael M. ; and Thomas, the special subject of this sketch. 

But two years old when he came with his parents to Negaunee, 
Thomas Connors obtained a limited education in the public schools, 
attending the winter terms and working through the summer seasons. 
At the age of eleven years he ran a fan pump for the Cambria Mining 
Company, later being employed in picking and sorting rock from the 
iron ore for the South Jackson Mining Company. He afterwards worked 
for the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad Company as track hand at 
Goose Lake and at Escanaba, afterwards loading cars at Iron Mountain 
with iron ore, and subsequently being put to road grading at Hermans- 
ville in Menominee county. He was then a boA of but thirteen >ears. The 
flies nearly ate him up, and he gave up the job and spent a leai and a 
half in seeing the country, paying his waj as he went hy dung odd jobs. 
He drifted to New York city, fiom there ciossing the country to the 
Mississippi river, where he found work n the steamer Josephine, ply- 
ing between Saint Paul, Minnesota and Saint Lo i « Missouri His 
next move took him into North Dakota, and from there he went up to 
Winnipeg, Canada. Returning to Michigan, Mr, Connors, then in the 
seventeenth year of his age, found employment at Ironwood, Gogebie 
county, helping sink a shaft at the Iron King Mine, of which Mat Fitz^ 
simmons was the superintendent. Making his way from there to his 
home in Negaunee, he entered the employ of the Chicago and North- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 647 

western Railroad Company, serving as switchman two years, afterwards 
being yardmaster until 1900. He then embarked in the timber and 
lumber business, with which he has since been actively identified, having 
a mamber of camps along the Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic Railway, 
ncith of Ishpeming. 

A straightforward Republican in his political views, Mr. Connors 
has ever taken a genuine interest in local affairs, and as a good and loyal 
citizen has never shirked the responsibilities of office. He served aa 
alderman from the Fifth AVard from 1893 until 1898, and is now a mem- 
ber of the local school board, being one of its trustees. In 1902 he was 
appointed postmaster at Negaunee, and filled the position so efficiently 
for four years that on Pebuary 12, 1906, he received his second commis- 
sion for this office, and in 1910 received his third appointment. 

Mr. Connors married, November 25, 1889, Louisa Kirschner, who was 
born in Munising, Michigan, a daughter of Thomas and Katherine 
Kirschner, who were born in Germany and are now residing in Ishpe- 
ming, Michigan. Her father is a machinist by trade. He is a Repub- 
lican in politics and a member of the Roman Catholic church, to which 
his wife also belongs. Of the five sons and five daughters born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Kirschner, Mrs. Connors is the third child. Mr. and Mrs. Con- 
nors are the parents of ten children, of whom one, John, died at the age 
of fifteen months, and nine are living, namely: Raymond T., Viola, 
Howard, Loraine, Cecil, Charles, Ruth, Elizabeth and Ward. 

Joseph H. Steere.— Among those who have lent distinction and 
honor to the bench and bar of the section of Michigan to which this 
publication is devoted, Judge Steere occupies a position of much prom- 
inence. He has served for nearly tweniy-six consecutive years upon 
the bench of the Eleventh judicial circuit of Michigan and is one of the 
best known and most highly esteemed citizens of Sault Ste. Marie. 

Judge Steere finds a due measure of satisfaction in reverting to the 
state of Michigan as the place of his nativity and also in the fact that 
he is a scion of one of its pioneer families. He was born at Addison, 
Lenawee county, Michigan, on the 19th of May, 1852, and is a son of 
Isaac and Elizabeth (Comstoek) Steere, the former of whom was born 
in Ohio, whither the family removed from Virginia, the name having 
become identified with the annals of the historic Old Dominion in the 
early colonial epoch. Isaac Steere, whose vocation was that of farm- 
ing and milling, settled at Adrian, Michigan, in 1834, about three years 
before the admission of the state to the Union. He later removed to 
Addison, in the same county, where he maintained his home for many 
years. He finally returned to the city of Adrian, where he lived retired 
until his death, in 1897, at the venerable age of eighty-two years. His 
cherished and devoted wife, who was ever his true helpmeet and loving 
companion, was born in the state of New York and was of English 
descent. She died in 1908 in the city of Adrian and was eighty-four 
years of age at the time of her death. Of the four children. Judge 
Steere is the only son, and concerning the three daughters the following 
brief data are given r The two older sisters, Catherine and Jennie, died 
years ago when comparatively young, unmarried, being teachers by 
profession. A younger sister, Mary M. Walker, a widow now live^ rt 
Adrian. 

Isaac Steere was a man of remarkable energy and industry, of 
strong and vigorous mentality and of impregnable integrity of char- 
acter. He was one of the honored and esteemed citizens of Lenawee 
county for three-score and ten years, and his name merits an enduring 



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648 THE NORTHEEN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

place on the roster of the sterling pioneers of the "Wolverine eommon- 
wealth. He was originally a "Whig and later a Republican in his 
political allegiance and his religious faith was that of the Friends or 
Quaker church, of which his wife was also a devout adherent. 

The boyhood and early youth of Judge Joseph H. Steere were 
passed on the homestead farm, in Addison township, Lenawee county. 
After availing himself of the privileges of the public schools he con-' 
tinued his studies in the Raisin Valley Seminary, a school conducted 
under the auspices of the Society of Friends, and in this well con- 
ducted institution he was graduated as a member of the class of 1871. 
Thereafter he completed the curriculum of the high school in the city of 
Adrian in the brief period of six months, thus showing his ambition 
and prowess as a student. In the autumn of 1872 Judge Steere entered 
the literary department of the University of Michigan, in which he was 
graduated as a member of the class of 1876 and from which he received 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Soon afterward he began the study 
of law in the office of Geddes & Miller, at Adrian, and after two years 
of assiduous study by which he rapidly absorbed and assimilated 1he 
science of jurisprudence, he was admitted to the bar in 1878. While 
a student in the University of Michigan he had taken law lectures, 
though he did not formally matriculate in the law department of that 
institution. 

In the spring of 1878 Judge Steere came to Sault Ste. Marie, Mich- 
igan, which was then a small village, and here began the practice of his 
chosen profession. Within the same year he was appointed prosecut- 
ing attorney of Chippewa county, and a year later he was formally 
elected to this olBee, of which he continued incumbent until the year 
1881. His service as public prosecutor, given with much of resource- 
fulness and versatility, did much to enhance his professional reputa- 
tion, and by this time he had gained prestige as one of the admirably 
fortified members of the bar of the Upper Peninsula, In the year last 
mentioned he was made the nominee on the Republican ticket for judge 
of the circuit court of the Eleventh judicial circuit, and in the ensuing 
election he received a gratifying majority at the polls. Through suc- 
cessive re-elections he has continued on the bench of this circuit during 
the long intervening years, and it is maintained by leading members 
of the bar of his circuit, without regard to political affiliations, that his 
tenure of the office is certain to be continued as long as he shall eon- 
sent to retain the position. Judge Steere was only twenty-eight years 
of age when he was then elevated to the bench, and his judicial record 
has been one worthy of note, as from the veiy beginning he evinced 
the strong judicial acumen, as well as the thorough knowledge of (he 
law, that ever makes the ideal judge. Concerning his career the fol- 
lowing interesting statements from a history of the bench and bar 
of Michigan, published in 1837, are worthy of reproduction in this 
connection. 

"In 1889 he traveled in Europe and he has since traveled extensively 
in America, making a canoe voyage one summer of over one thousand 
miles, in visiting Hudson's Bay. When he became judge the circuit 
comprised the large area of what is now Chippewa, Schoolcraft, Luee, 
Alger, Mackinac and Manitou counties. There were no court bouses 
in the entire circuit except in Chippewa and Mackinac. In Manitou 
county, composed of islands in Lake Michigan, the entire population 
was Irish and was governed by Father Gallagher, their priest, and they 
ironically addressed Judge Steere as 'Your Lordship.' In the winter 
he could reach some of his counties only on snow shoes and in the 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 649 

summer in sailing boats. He has held eoiii't in stores, hotel offices and 
in other couvtnient places ol assembly. The judge is a great lover of 
hunting and iishing. He is a profound student, and has made a 
thorough stiidy of the history of ihe Lake Superior region. He has 
accumulated the finest library of books relating to the early history of 
this region to be ftftind anywhere in private hands. Sault Ste. Marie, 
where he resides, is the oldest white settlement in Michigan, having a 
history running back to 1668. He has received many volumes pertain- 
ing to its history and that of the Superior region generally, from deal- 
ers in Europe, and many of the volumes are printed in French. He 
has never married. He spends his vacations hunting and fishing and 
his evenings in his study. He has been elected to succeed himself with- 
out opposition. He knows no friend while on the bench. A strange 
attorney is treated with the same courtesy in his court that his best 
friends would receive. He is often called to Detroit and other places 
in southern Michigan to preside in the courts, and is known through- 
out the state as a just and upright judge. He is not a politican and 
believes that polities should have no part or lot in court work. He 
has done much to elevate the bench and bar since he became judge. 
He is kind-hearted and charitable and has helped many unfortunate 
men and women to a larger and better life. He is a genial and com- 
panionable character and has a wide circle of admiring friends, who 
love him not only for his sterling qualities as a judge and public official 
but also for his warm heart and sympathetic disposition. He is a 
Mason of high rank, having attained the thirty-third and maximum 
degree in the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite." 

Jesse Hubbard.— The present county commissioner of schools for 
Menominee county has maintained his home in the city of Menominee 
for more than a score of years and has been prominently identified 
with educational aifairs in this county, where he commands a secure 
place in popular confidence and esteem. Mr. Hubbard has accom- 
plished much in furtherance of the educational interests of the county, 
was for a number of years superintendent of the city schools of Men- 
ominee and has held his present office since 1897. He is a man of fine 
scholarship and marked executive ability, and the estimate placed upon 
him in the community is best indicated by his long tenure of the 
office of which he is now incumbent. 

Jesse Hubbard finds a due meed of satisfaction in reverting to the 
fine old Buckeye state as the place of his nativity. He was born on a 
farm in Ross county, Ohio, on the 15th of March, 1848, and Js a son 
of Willis and Caroline (Punston) Hubbard, both likewise natives of 
Ross county and members of honored pioneer families of that section 
of the state. The father was born on the 29th of February, 1824, and 
he died at Alva, Oklahoma, on the 16th of January, 1909, venerable 
in years and honored by all who knew Mm. The mother was bom on 
the 7th of February, 1828, and her death occurred at Mahomet, Illi- 
nois, on the 16th of August, 1869, Their marriage was solemnized in 
Ross county, Ohio, in the year 1847, and they became the parents of 
five children, of whom the subject of this sketch was the first bom. 
AD of the children are living except one. Willis Hubbard learned the 
blacksmith trade in his youth and he continued to follow the same to a 
greater or less extent for many years, though his principal vocation 
in life was that of farming, in connection with which he won a due 
measure of success through his well directed energies. 

In 1860 he removed with his family to Champaign county, Illinois, 



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650 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

and purchased a home in Mahomet, Illinois. There he continued to 
be actively identified with the great basic industry of agriculture for 
many years, and he was a citizen of prominence and iniluence in his 
community. In politics he was originally aligned as a supporter of 
the cause of the Whig party, but he joined the Republican party at 
the time of its organization and thereafter continued a staunch ad- 
vocate of its principles aad policies. lie served a number of years 
as school trustee and held other local offices. He was affiliated with 
the Masonic fraternity and both he and his wife held membership in 
the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Jesse Hubbard, the immediate subject of this review, was about 
twelve years of age at the time of the family removal to Champaign 
county, Illinois, and after completing the curriculum of the district 
schools he continued his studies in the schools of the village of Ma- 
homet, that county, after which he took a preparatory course in the 
Northwestern University, at Evanston, Illinois, in 1870. In the fol- 
lowing year he was matriculated in the Illinois Western University, 
at Bloomington, Illinois. After his graduation Mr. Hubbard put his 
scholastic acquirements to practical test and utilization by turning 
his attention to the work of the pedagogic profession, in which he 
was destined to achieve much of success and prestige. For three 
years he was principal of the schools of Gibson, Illinois; for the ensu- 
ing five years he taught at Dwight, that state, where he held the posi- 
tion of superintendent, as did he later at Washington and Pontiac, 
Illinois, in which latter city he was superintendent of schools for a 
period of four years. 

Prior to his collegiate work it had been given Mr. Hubbard to ren- 
der loyal service as a soldier of the Union in the Civil war. On the 
6th of May, 1864, when but sixteen years of age, he enlisted as a pri- 
vate in Company I>, Sixth HIinois Volunteer Cavalry, which was as- 
signed to Hatehe's division of cavalry, commanded by General 
Thomas, in the Department of West Tennessee. He was with his com- 
mand at Nashville during the major portion of his term of service and 
took part in the various engagements in which his regiment was in- 
volved. He continued in the ranks of the gallant soldiers of the Union 
until the close of the war, and was mustered out at Selma, Alabama, 
on the 5th of November, 1865. He received his honorable discharge, 
in the city of Springfield, Illinois, on the 27th of the same month, 

Mr. Hubbard continued his effective labors in connection with the 
public schools of Illinois until 1888, in the autumn of which year he 
came to Menominee, Michigan, to enter upon his duties as superin- 
tendent of the city schools, a position of which he continued incum- 
bent until 1894. Within this interval he did much to bring the schools 
of the city up to their present high standard of efficiency, and a per- 
petual debt shall the city owe to him for the work accomplished by 
him in the position noted, as well as in that of county commissioner of 
schools. After his retirement from the office of superintendent of the 
city schools Mr. Hubbard here engaged in the lumber business, to 
which he gave his undivided attention until 1897, when he was elected 
to his present responsible office, in which his services have inured 
greatly to the benefit of the schools throughout the county. He has 
thoroughly systematized their work, has gained the earnest co-opera- 
tions of the teachers employed from year to year, and his course has 
won to him unqualified popular support and commendation, as is evi- 
denced by his protracted incumbency of office. 

Mr. Hubbard is a broad-minded, liberal and public spirited citizen. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 651 

and no measure projected for the general good of the community is 
denied his earnest support. In polities he has ever accorded a stal- 
wart allegiance to the principles and policies for which the Republican 
party stands sponsor; he and his wife are zealous members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church; and he is affiliated with Menominee 
Lodge, No. 269, Free & Accepted Masons; G-oodtown Tent, No. 714, 
Knights of the Maccabees: and Lyon Post, No. 266, Grand Army of 
the Republic. 

On the 10th of November, 1875, was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr. Hubbard to Miss Belle Hume, who was bom at Sidney, Shelby 
county, Ohio, on the 6th of May, 1851, and who is a daughter of John 
and Martha (Reed) Hume, the former of whom was born in West 
Virginia, in 1830, and the latter of whom was bom in Noble county, 
Ohio, in 3826; their marriage was solemnized at Belief ontaine, Shelby 
county, Ohio, and they finally removed to Champaign nounty, Illinois, 
where Mr, Hume turned his attention to agricultural pursuits and 
where he passed the residue of his life, having been summoned to 
eternal, rest in 1875, at the age of forty-five years. Mrs, Hume long 
survived her honored husband and passed the closing years of her lif'' 
in Seymour, Illinois, where she died in 1905, at the venerable age of 
seventy-nine years. Both were devout members of the PresbyteriaTi 
church. Mr. Hume was a Democrat in his political proclivities, and 
jn Champaign county, Illinois, he served as township supervisor and 
school trustee. He was affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. Of the ten children seven are living, and Mrs, Hubbard is 
the eldest of the number. Mr. and Mrs, Hubbard have two children, 
— William J. and Wiley K,, who are twins and who were born on the 
12th of March, 1879. 

C, Horatio Scott.— With the representative business and active 
men of the pretty "Soo" we present a brief review of C. Horatio Scott, 
the efficient postmaster of Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, He is a native 
of Barrie, Canada, and was bom February 1, 1872, and is the fourth 
in a family of five children, four sons and one daughter, born to Chris- 
topher and Margaret (Dickie) Scott. All of the children are living at 
present, two being residents of the States and three of Canada. Chris- 
topher Scott was a native of Barrie, Canada, and he was reared to the 
life of an agriculturist and educated in the common schools. He is de- 
ceased. His wife was a native of the same locality and she is also de- 
ceased. 

Their son, Mr. Scott of this review, was reared in his native country 
till the age of sixteen, and received only a common school education, 
in fact he may be styled self educated, since his chances were limited for 
an extended course of instructions. He began life as a wage earner in 
a saw mill at the age of thirteen. So it is seen that he began at the 
bottom and has attained his present high position in life through honest 
effort and aggressive ambition. At the age of sixteen he came to 
Michigan and located first in Manistique, going to work in a sash and 
door factory, where he remained about four years and from there he 
went to Bay Mills, Chippewa county, Michigan, where as foreman in a 
lumber plant, he was located there about ten years, being with the well 
known firm of Hall & Munson. 

About the year of 1900 Mr, Scott came to Sault Ste. Marie and has 
been a resident of this pretty city since. He entered the insurance 
business for about one year and was then elected register of deeds of 
Chippewa county and held this office by re-election for three terms. 



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652 THE NORTHEEN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

during the last term resigning to accept the office of postmaster of 
"The Soo" and is the present incumbent. Mr. Scott has recently moved 
into the beautiful postoffice building which cost $150,000, and this 
elegant building is a credit to not only the city of "The Soo" but 
the North Peninsula of Michigan. Politically he is a stalwart 
Republican and a great admirer of President Taft's policies. Mr. Scott 
east his maiden presidential vote for MeKinley. 

Fraternally Mr. Scott is a high Mason. He is a member of "The 
Soo" Masonic Blue Lodge F. & A. M., the Chapter, the Council, the 
Sault Ste. Marie Commandery and the Shrine. 

In 1892 Mr. Scott wedded Miss Minnie MeCuUough, a native of 
Manistique, Michigan, and one daughter was born to them, Fleeta U, 
She is a member of The Soo High School class of 1912. Mrs. Scott is 
a member of the Presbyterian church. 

B.EV. Joseph M. LANGAN.^Numbered among the essentially repre- 
sentative and honored members of the priesthood of the Catholic 
church in the Northern Peninsula of Michigan, where he has labored 
long and effectively, is Father Langan, who was formerly pastor of 
the Church of St. John the Evangelist, in the city of Ishpeming, and 
who now has pastoral charge of St. Patrick's church in Escanaba, one 
of the important parishes of this section of the state. He has labored 
with all of consecrated zeal and devotion in his high calling and under 
his effective administration have been furthered both the spiritual 
and temporal affairs of the parishes in which he has labored. 

Father Langan is a native of the city of Baine, Ontario, Canada, 
where he was born on the 30th of November, 1865, and he is a son of 
James N. and Ann Langaji, who were numbered among the pioneers 
of that beautiful city where they long maintained their home. There 
the father died in 1894. Of the children three sons and four daughters 
are now living. After due preliminary discipline in a parochial school 
of Minneapolis, Father Langan continued his studies in St. John's 
University, Collegeville, Minnesota, and his ecclesiastical course was 
completed in St. Paul's Seminary and in St. Francis Seminary, in the 
city of Milwaukee, "Wisconsin, where he was graduated as a member of the 
class of 1888. His ordination to the priesthood was received at the 
episcopal hands of Bishop Vertin, at Marquette, Michigan, on the 23d 
of May, 1888. Father Langan initiated the work of his chosen calling 
by becoming assistant to the late Rev. H. J. Rousseau, who was at that 
time pastor of St. John's church in Ishpeming, and who was the 
founder of the fine parochial school in connection therewith. After a 
period of four months' service in Ishpeming Father Langan was trans- 
ferred to the Cathedral at Marquette, where he retained a pastoral 
charge for the ensuing six years. At the expiration of this period he 
was assigned to the pastorate of the Church of St. John the Evangelist 
at Ishpeming, where he entered upon his duties on the 25th of Octo- 
ber, 1894. He continued in charge of this parish until August 1st, 
1901, when he accepted his present charge as pastor of St. Patrick's 
church at Escanaba, which has since continued the field of his earn- 
nest and effective labors. The parish has a membership of 2,250 souls 
and the church is in a most flourishing condition, and in a few years 
a parochial school will be established. As has been well said concern- 
ing Father Langan; "His life is given to his work and he labors 
earnestly among his people for their welfare, ever faithfully and un- 
wearying as a servant in the vineyard of the Divine Master." Father 
Langan is liberal and popular as a citizen and his genial personality 



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TIIK NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 658 

has gained and retaiiii'd to him warin fneiids among all classes of 
citizens. 

John W. Stiles.— It may be said without fear of legitimate con- 
tradiction that no citizen of Menominee county is better known or is 
held in higher esteem than Judge John W. Stiles, who has maintained 
his residence in Menominee county for more than thirty years, who has 
held various positions of distinctive public trust, and who has been 
a prominent factor in connection with the business and civic develop- 
ment and progress of the city of Menominee, where he is now presiding 
on the bench of the probate court,— one of the able and honored officials 
of the county. 

The old Empire state of the Union figures as the native heath of 
Judge Stiles, as he was born in Plattsburg, Clinton county, New York, 
on the 2d of October, 1854. He is a son of William and Catherine 
(Brennan) Stiles, both of whom were born and reared in Ireland, 
whence they came to America in the early '40s. They established their 
home in Plattsburg, New York. There he died on the 28th of July, 
1873, and his wife, long surviving him, passed the closing years of her 
life in the home of her son, John "W., subject of this review. Of their 
thirteen children only two are now living : Judge John W. and William, 
the latter of whom is likewise a resident of Menominee. 

Judge Stiles was reared to maturity in his native town, to whose 
public schools he is indebted for his early educational training, and 
there he continued to reside until he had attained to the age of twenty- 
four years, when, in 1879, he severed the home ties and set forth to seek 
his fortunes in Michigan. He came to Menominee county and estab- 
lished his home in the village of Norway, where for the first year he 
was employed in the iron mines. He then became associated with his 
brother Daniel in the manufacturing of cigars in that village, where 
they continued operations until the 1st of January, 1887, when they 
removed to Menominee and continned in the same line of enterprise 
under the firm name of Stiles Brothers until October, 1888, when the 
business alliance was severed by the death of the elder brother, Daniel. 
Thereafter Judge Stiles continued the business in an individual way 
and he built up a large and prosperous enterprise. 

From the time of taking up his abode in Menominee Judge Stiles 
has shown a lively interest in all that has touched the welfare of the 
community, and he has been a leader in the councils of the Democratic 
party in this section of the state for many years, the while he has been 
called upon to serve in various offices of public trust. and responsibility, 
the incumbency of which has emphatically testified to the unqualified 
confidence and esteem accorded to him in his home county. He has 
been a frequent delegate to the state, congressional, senatorial and 
county conventions of his party, and he is recognized as an influential 
figure in political affairs in the Upper Peninsula. He served as county 
highway commissioner, and he was elected sheriff of the county, in 
which office he served four consecutive terms of two years each. In 
1900 he was again chosen sheriff, and at the polls he received a most 
flattering mark of popular appreciation of his integrity and executive 
ability, as he ran two thousand votes ahead of the party ticket. He was 
chosen as his own successor in 1902, and to his credit is the record of 
having held the office of sheriff of the county for a longer period than 
any other official ever called to the position. Judge Stiles has not long 
been permitted to withhold himself from public service, as the brief 
statements of this sketch will amply indicate. In 1890 be was elected 



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654 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

register of deeds, of which position he remained incumbent for one 
term, of two years. 

On the 10th of October, 1892, Judge Stiles was appointed post- 
master of Menominee, and he held this incumbency four years and two 
months, under the administration of President Cleveland. He did 
much to improve the postal service in Menominee, and under his regime 
the carrier system was amplified in scope and efficiency. His adminis- 
tration of the affairs of this office met with distinctive popular ap- 
proval, and this has also been true in connection with every office to 
which he has been called during the long years of his residence in Me- 
nominee. In 1904 he was elected judge of the probate court, and in 
this election he ran twenty-four hundred votes ahead of his ticket. 
This statement bears its own significance, and no further voucher is 
demanded as indicating the character of the man, for such popular 
confidence and esteem invariably have substantial basis. He was re- 
elected in 1908. 

Judge Stiles is a man of most cordial and graeious manners, and 
his strong mentality, his toleration and kindliness, and his deep-seated 
public spirit have made him a marked personality in his home city. He 
and his wife are communicants of the Catholic church, and in the various 
departments of work in their parish they take an active part. The judge 
is affiliated with the Catholic Order of Foresters, in which he has long 
served as a trustee and of which he is one of the most valued and influ- 
ential members. 

In November, 1878, was solemnized the marriage of Judge Stiles to 
Miss. Ellen Geary, who was born at Peru, Clinton county, New York, 
in September, 1853. She is a daughter of the late Mr. Geary, and was a 
child at the time of the family removal to Keeseville, Essex county, 
that state, where she was reared and educated. She is a woman of most 
gracious personality and , has been prominent in connection with the 
best social activities of Menominee. Judge and Mrs. Stiles became the 
parents of eight children, of whom three sons and two daughters are 
deceased. The three surviving children are : Katherine, Harry, and 
John "W,, Jr, 

Henby W, Cobukn, — The present postmaster of Eseanaba, Henry W, 
Cobum, was bom in Clinton cmmty, Michigan, March 23, 1848, His 
father, Lewis Coburn, was a native of the state of New York, of Scotch- 
Irish descent, and settled on a farm in Michigan, Clinton county, about 
1838, He cleared and improved a farm in I>ewitt township, Clinton 
county. He was 9 local preacher of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
being at one time circuit rider. He died in the Northern Peninsula of 
Michigan, in 1893, at the age of eighty-seven years. Mr, Cobum married 
Lucinda Hayes, also a native of New York, who was bom in 1813, and 
died in 1894. They had five children, of whom Henry W. is the fourth 
child and now the only living representative of the family. 

The early life of Henry W. Cobum was spent in Clinton county, 
Michigan, and there he received his primary education. "When he was 
twelve years of age he began attending the city schools of Lansing and 
he also attended the academy there and spent four years at the agri- 
cultural college. In 1870 Mr. Coburn removed to Detroit, where he 
studied pharmacy, and in 1877 went to Marquette, Michigan, where he 
remained ten years. In 1887 he came to Delta county, locating at 
Schaffer, where for thirteen years he was engaged in mercantile business, 
and in 1900 he came to Eseanaba, where he engaged in drug business 
until his appointment in 1906 to the office of postmaster, which he now 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 655 

holds. Mr. Coburn is a life-long Repuljlican, having cast his first vote in 
1869, and voting the same ever since. 

Mr. Coburn is a pioneer of the Northern Peninsula, and has identified 
himself with its progress and interests. He is a public-spirited, enter- 
prising citizen, well known and highly esteemed. He is a member of 
the M'asonie Blue Lodge and Chapter and a charter member of Lodge 
No. 354 Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, of Escanaba, In 1885 
Mr. Coburn married Catherine Sehaffer, daughter of Henry Sehaffer and 
Eva Elizabeth Sehaffer, of Grand Rapids, Blichigan. 

John M. Longyeab. — In this age of colossal enterprise and marked 
intellectual energy the prominent and successful men are those whose 
abilities lead them into large undertakings and to assume the responsi- 
bilities and labors of leaders in their respective fields of endeavor. He 
whose name initiates this review has been one of the most prominent 
and influential figures in connection with the industrial and civic devel- 
opment and upbuilding of the Upper Peninsula, where his capitalistic 
interests are of broad scope and varied order. He is the owner of a 
large tract of land in this section of the state and has been prominently 
identified with the exploiting and developing of the iron and copper 
mining industry, as well as with lumbering operations, in connection 
with which he has become one of the substantial capitalists of the state. 
He maintains his home on his farm in Marquette, Michigan, a part of the 
year and the remainder at his fine farm at Brookline, Massachusetts. 
Mr. Longyear's extensive interests in northern Michigan and his close 
association with this section renders it most consistent to incorporate 
in this volume a brief review of his career. 

John Munro Longyear was born at Lansing, Michigan, on the 15th 
of April, 1850, and is a son of one of the old and honored families of this 
commonwealth. He is a son of John W. and Harriet (Munro) Long- 
year, both of whom were born in the state of New York, being repre- 
sentative of families that were founded in America in the early colonial 
days. The ancestry in the agnatic line is traced back to staunch Alsatian 
origin and the maternal lineage is of Scottish extraction. Representa- 
tives of the Longyear family were found enrolled as valiant soldiers in 
the Continental line of the war of the Revolution, in which the maternal 
great-grandfather of Mr. Longyear also participated. The Longyear 
family was established in Ulster county, New York, about 1730, and 
from that county Peter Longyear, grandfather of him whose name 
initiates this sketch, was the founder of the family in the state of 
Michigan, where he took up his residence about the year 1847. His 
son. Judge John W. Longj'ear, was long numbered among the repre- 
sentative members of the bar of Michigan and was one of the distin- 
guished and influential citizens of this state. He represented Michigan 
in Congress, having been elected in 1862 and having been chosen as his 
own successor in 1864. He was a delegate to the Loyalist Convention in 
1866, in the city of Philadelphia, and was a member of the Michigan 
Constitutional Convention in 1867. In 1869 he was appointed judge of 
the United States district court of the eastern district of Michigan and 
of this office he remained incumbent until his death, which occurred 
in 1875. His widow is living in Lansing with her daughter, Ida S. Long- 
year, Of the four children, three are living and John M. is the eldest 
of the number. Dr, Howard W. is one of the representative physicians 
and surgeons of the city of Detroit, and Ida S. resides in Lansing. 

John M. Longyear secured his early education in the public schools 



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656 THE XORTHEKN PENINSULA OF MICIIiaAN 

of his native city and supplemented this by attending Olivet College, at 
Olivet, this state, and Georgetown College, in the District of Columbia. 
His health became seriously impaired and he was compelled to abandon 
his studies when but fifteen years of age and for a number of years he 
was unable to engage in any active work. In 1872 Mr. Longyear became 
identified with the lumbering industry, in connection with which he did 
a lai^e amount of exploring work in both the lower and upper penin- 
sulas of Michigan. In 1873 he established his home in Marquette and, 
with great practical judgment he gradually made extensive investments 
in timber and mineral lands, from whose rise in value he gained a large 
fortune. He is at the present time owner of many acres of valuable land 
in the Upper Peninsulas, besides which he has lai^e real estate interests 
in the city of Marquette, to whose development and upbuilding he con- 
tributed in most generous measure. In January, 1878, Mr. Longyear 
was appointed agent of the Lake Superior Ship Canal, Railway and 
Iron Company, which was later succeeded by the Keweenaw Association. 
He is owner of some of the heat iron mining properties in the Upper 
Peninsula, is stockholder in the Lake Shore Iron Works, of which he is 
a director, is president of the First National Bank, of Marquette, and is 
an instituted principal in various other important corporations. He 
served two terms as mayor of Marquette, to which office he was elected 
in 1890 and again in 1891 and be also is a member of the board of con- 
trol of the Michigan School of Mines, at Houghton, a position to which 
he was appointed in 1893. In 1881 he published the first map of the 
Gflgebic Iron Range. He is Republican in his political allegiance and 
is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity. In 1904 Mr. Longyear organ- 
ized the Arctic Coal Company, which is incorporated under the laws 
of the state of West Virginia. This company operates coal mines in 
Spitzbergen, at a point seven hundred miles distant from the North 
Pole and near the shore of the Arctic ocean. An office is maintained 
at Trondhjem, Norway, and the headquarters of the company is in the 
city of Boston, Massachusetts. One mine is equipped with modern ma- 
chinery and operations are being carried on with much success. Other 
mines are being developed. The coal is of a very fine quality and is 
utilized largely by the steamships that traverse the northern waters. 
Mr, Longyear is president of this company. In 1892 Mr. Longyear com- 
pleted the erection of one of the most beautiful and costly homes in the 
state of Michigan, the same having been located in Marquette, and 
having been constructed of stone, lined with brick. This magnificent 
residence, on the shore of Lake Superior, continued to be the family 
home until 1903, when the same was taken down and the material trans- 
ported to Brookline, Massachusetts, where the building was re-erected 
in different form. This transfer was made at a cost of many thousands 
of dollars. Mr. Longyear passes a considerable portion of each year in 
Marquette, though the family spends much time at the home in Broolc- 
line, Massachusetts, as already stated. 

On the 4th of January, 1879, Mr. Longyear was united in marriage 
to Miss Mary H. Beecher, who was born at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 
who is a daughter of the late Samuel P. Beecher, one of the representa- 
tive citizens of Battle Creek, Michigan. Seven children were bom to 
this union and one of the number died in infancy. Howard was drowned 
in Lake Superior in 1900 and was nineteen years of age at the time; 
Abby is the wife of Alton T. Roberts, of Marquette and they have one 
son, Horace N. The four younger children, Helen, Judith, Jack M. and 
Robert remain at the parental home. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 657 

John D. Mangum. — Standing prominent among the leading citizens 
of Marquette, Michigan, is John D. Mangum, a well known and suc- 
cessful merchant, who is now serving his second term as postmaster 
of this city. He is a native of Michigan, his birth having occurred in 
Jackson, this state, October 27, 1859. 

Completing his early studies in the high school at Jackson, John 
D. Mangum subsequently worked a while as clerk in a grocery store, 
after which he was traveling salesman for men's furnishing goods. 
In 1895 Mr. Mangum established himself in the retail clothing business 
at Marquette, and has here built up a fine trade, his business energy, 
tact and integrity winning him an excellent patronage. He is active 
in municipal affairs, and in 1901 was elected mayor of the city, and 
held the office one term. The following spring, in 1902, he was ap- 
pointed postmaster, and in 1906 had the honor of being re-appointed 
to the position, which he still holds, having rendered appreciated ser- 
vice to the many patrons of the office. 

Mr. Mangum married, in 1893, Helen M. Welbasby, who was horn 
at Traverse City, Michigan. Politically Mr. Mangum is one of the 
leading Republicans of Marquette county, and fraternally he belongs 
to the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

Emil Glaser.— Noteworthy among the earlier settlers of the Upper 
Peninsula of Michigan is Emii Glaser, who has been a resident of 
Eseanaba, Delta county, for upwards of forty-four years, and during 
that time has been prominent in the administration of the public af- 
fairs of town and county, at the present writing, in 1910, being jus- 
tice of the peace and notary public. Born September 23, 1841, in 
Saxony, Germany, he was reared and educated in the Fatherland. 

Emigrating to the United States in 1860, Mr. Glaser located in 
Cleveland, Ohio, where, in April, 1861, he enlisted as a private in 
Company K, Seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, for a term of three 
years. On July 3, 1863, at the battle of Gettysburg, he was severely 
wounded, a minie ball passing through his stomach, and was confined 
in a hospital until the following November. Rejoining his regiment 
when released, he took part in the battle of Lookout Mountain, on the 
twenty-fifth of that month. In 1864, at the expiration of his term of 
enlistment, he received his honorable discharge from the service in 
Cleveland, having taken part in many of the more decisive engage- 
ments of the war. Engaging then in the barber business, Mr. Glaser 
remained in Cleveland until 1866, when he migrated to Michigan, 
taking up his residence in Eseanaba, where he continued as a barber 
for three years, being the first to ply that trade in this city. 

In 1869 Mr. Glaser was made magistrate, and was elected probate 
judge and served in that capacity for twenty-seven years, a record of 
service that bespeaks his ability and trustworthiness. He is now magis- 
trate and notary public, and has the distinction of having held public 
office longer than any other one man in the Northern Peninsula. He 
is well known throughout the county, and has been actively identified 
with its past history, having been especially prominent in the Re- 
publican party. 

In 1874 Mr. Glaser erected the first planing mill factory in Esea- 
naba. and he has since been more or less interested in residential 
property in the city. He bought twenty acres of land, now known as 
the Glaser Addition to the city of Eseanaba, and platted it. This ad- 
dition lies along the lake shore, and contains the choicest of city lots, 
the popular residential part of Eseanaba being in the immediate vi- 
cinity of the Glaser addition. 



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658 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Mr. Giaser has been three times married. He married first, in 
1863, Catherine Walker, by whom he had six children, of whom three 
are living, namely: Henry J., of Chicago, Illinois; Lucy, of Eseanaha; 
and John, of Escanaba. Mr. Giaser married second, December, 1887, 
Catherine Kamspeeh, who died in 1896, leaving one daughter, Ida 
Giaser. He subsequently married Jennie A. Briggs. Mr. Giaser is an 
active member of the C. F. Smith Post, No. 175, Q. A. R., of Escanaba, 
in which he has filled all of the ofRces, and of which he has been com- 
mander for many years. He is likewise a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows; of the Sons of Hermann; and of the German 
Aid Society. 

John Lehman. — As sheriff of Marquette county, John Lehman ia 
widely and favorably known throughout this section of the Upper 
Peninsula as a man eminently worthy of the respect and confidence 
so generously accorded him by his fellow-men. Active and energetic, 
performing the duties devolving upon him with ability and fidelity, 
he is rendering excellent service in his official capacity, and is popu- 
lar with all classes of the people. He was born April 13, 1862, in 
Sweden, which has given to this country so many of its most able 
and faithful citizens. 

His father, Carl Lehman, emigrated with his family to Michigan in 
1873. He located in Marquette county, and was here a resident until 
his death, in 1887, while yet in manhood's prime. His widow is now 
living at Ishpeming, Michigan. To them seven children were born, 
four of whom survive, John being the second child in succession of 
birth. 

John Lehman obtained the rudiments of his education in his na- 
tive land, completing his studies in the public schools of Ishpeming. 
During his boyhood days he began his active career at the Nelson 
mine, driving a horse used in hoisting deal. At the age of seventeen 
years he began loading ore on the stock piles for the Pioneer Iron 
Company, afterwards being promoted, first to assistant master me- 
chanic. In 1905 Mr. Lehman was elected chief of police at Ishpeming, 
and in 1908 was elected to his present position as sheriff of Mar- 
quette county, with headquarters at the Court House in Marquette. 

Mr. Lehman married, August 28, 1901, Ida S'wahn, a native of 
Sweden, and into their household three children have made their ad- 
vent, najnely: Eugene, Marie, and Eva. Politically Mr. Lehman is 
a firm supporter of the principles of the Republican party, and fra- 
ternally he is a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks; of the Modern "Woodmen of America; and of the Knights of 
Pythias. 

Donald Campbell MacKinnon. — ^Prominent among the very early 
settlers of the western part of the Upper Peninsula was Donald Camp- 
bell MacKinnon, who, with his brother Alexander, was the founder 
of the town of Iron River. He was bom, April 5, 1846, near Toronto, 
province of Ontario, Canada, on a farm, coming, as his name plainly 
indicates, from honored Scotch ancestry. 

Hugh MacKinnon, Mr. MacKinnon's father, was bom at Morbin, 
Argyleshire, Scotland, where he received excellent educational ad- 
vantages, and as a young man taught school. He also learned the 
trade of ship builder in his native land, and followed it for a time. In 
1844, accompanied by his family, he embarked on a sailing vessel, 
and after a tedious sea voyage of two months landed in New York. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF JIICIIIGAN 659 

After spending a short time in that city he proceeded to Canada, lo- 
cating near Toronto. About a year later he and his brother-in-law, 
Donald Campbell, went to Owen Sound, Sidoey county, Province of 
Ontario, where each selected a tract of government land, and having 
erected log cabins sent for their families. After becoming well set- 
tled in his new home, Hugh MacKinnon built a number of boats that 
were subsequently used for many years on the waters of the Georgian 
Bay, and while thus engaged superintended the improvement of his 
land. There, on his farm, he spent his remaining days, passing away 
at the venerable age of ninety-four years. 

Hugh MacKinnon married Sarah Campbell, who was born at Mull, 
Argyleshire, Scotland, and she attained the age of ninety-six years. 
Both were people of devout faith and active members of the Presby- 
terian church. Nine children were born of their union, as follows: 
Ann, who married Archibald Maclnues, lives on a fifth concession of 
Suydenham, in the Province of Ontario ; Hugh, of Thessalon, Ontario ; 
Alexander, of Iron River, Michigan ; Donald C, the subject of this sketch ; 
Katherine, of Owen Sound, Ontario ; Archibald, deceased, formerly 
resided at Seattle, Washington; John, living in Vancouver, British 
Columbia; Mary lives with her brother Alexander, presiding over his 
household; and Sarah, who lives with her sister Katherine. 

Leaving school at the age of fourteen years, Donald C, MacKinnon 
began working at the carpenter's trade, becoming quite proficient as 
a mechanic. In 1864 he came to Michigan, locating at Marquette. 
Much of the Upper Peninsula was then unexplored, its wealth of ore 
sleeping undisturbed in the ground. After doing journeyman work 
for a time, Mr. MacKinnon became a contractor and builder, operat- 
ing in villages, cities and towns and at the Iron Range mines. In 
1878, while exploring in Iron county, he discovered several different 
mines and filed claims to the "Nanimo" and to the "Beta." He also 
explored the "Dober, " which was pre-empted by Mr. Dober and lo- 
cated five forty-acre tracts in section two, townships forty-two and 
thirty-five, and in section thirty-six, of the same township, in which 
the Lenox mine is located. He also located the east half of the east 
half of section twelve, townships forty-two and thirty-five, on which 
the Young mine, now owned by the Huron Mining Company is lo- 
cated. He likewise located the present site of the Battie mine, which 
was pre-empted by William R . Murphy, and is located in the west 
half of the west half of section seven, townships forty-two and thirty- 
four, and located the Kenney property, which was pre-empted by John 
S. Kenney, and is located in the east half of the west half of section 
seven, townships forty-two and thirty-four. Subsequently Mr. Mac- 
Kinnon leased this mine, which he sub leased to the Spring Valley 
Mining Company, and he still retains an interest in a royalty. He 
likewise located the south half of the northwest quarter of section 
eight, and the north half of the southwest quarter of the same sec- 
tion, in townships forty-two and thirty-four. In 1881 Mr. MacKinnon 
and his brother, Alexander MacKinnon, platted the town of Iron 
River, and when the raiilroad was surveyed it passed through the 
heart of the town site. Not wanting the railroad in that place, Mr. 
MacKinnon made another survey, took it to Chicago, placed it before 
the officials of the railway company, and they adopted his route in 
preference to the other and built the road according to his proposi- 
tion. Mr. MacKinnon has met with eminent success as a business 
man, and in addition to his extensive mining interests is a large real 
estate owner. 



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660 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

On December 17, 1884, Mr. MacKinnon was united in marriage 
with Belle M. Steele, who was bom in Saginaw, Michigan, a daughter 
of Samuel H. Steele, a native of Glasgow, Scotland, and the only 
member of his family to come to this country to live. Mr. Steele 
received a good education in the public schools of Glasgow, and sub- 
sequently made a special study of architecture. Coming as a young 
man to the United States, he lived for a while in New York city, 
going thence to Quebec, Canada, and from there to Saginaw, Michi- 
gan, where he was engaged in business as a builder and contractor 
for a number of years. Disposing then of his property in that lo- 
cality, he removed to Marquette, Michigan, and at the end of ten 
years took us his residence at Negaunee, where he remained until his 
death, when seventy-four years of age. Mr. Steele married Isabella 
Cummins, who was bom in Lowell, Massachusetts. Her father came 
from Scotland, his native land, to Lowell, Massachusetts, with his 
parents, and lived there for some time. He afterwards moved with 
his family to Ontario, Canada, and spent his last years in the city of 
Hamilton, Mrs. Steele died when seventy-two years of age. 

Mr. and Mrs. MacKinnon are the parents of four children, namely : 
Donald C, Samuel J., Sarah and Isabelle. Politically Mr. MacKinnon 
is an earnest supporter of the principles of the Republican party, and 
has held various offices of trust, having served as president of the vil- 
lage board and as a member of the board of education. Fraternally 
he is a member of Negaunee Lodge, F. & A. M., of Marquette Com- 
mandery, K, T. ; and of the Grand Rapids Consistory. 

Frank II. Van Clevk — During the greater part of his active career, 
Frank H. Van Cleve, president of the First National Bank of Escanaba, 
has been prominently identified with the land and timber interests of 
the Northern Peninsula, and has contributed his full share towards the 
advancement and growth of this part of the state. He was bom June 
12, 1850, at Tpsilanti, Michigan. 

Having completed the course of study in the common schools of 
Ypsilanti, Frank H. Van Cleve attended Tale College two years, after- 
wards taking a course in civil engineering at the University of Michi- 
gan, in Ann Arbor. He subsequently followed his chosen profession 
on various railways; in 1871 going to Green Bay, he was engineer on 
that part of the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad extending from 
that place to Escanaba, Michigan, continuing thus employed until late 
in 1874. Mr. Van Cleve then became connected with the land depart- 
ment of the Chicago and Northwestern Railway Company, and was for 
awhile in its Chicago office. In 1876 he came to Escanaba as general 
land agent of that company, and has since been a resident of this city, 
and one of its most esteemed and valued citizens. He is identified with 
many of its best and most important interests, being president of the 
First National Bank, and president and a trustee of the Public Libraiy 
Company. He is largely interested in the land and timber of the North- 
ern Peninsula, at one time being extensively engaged in shipping lum- 
ber by boat to the principal marketing points. He is a staunch Re- 
publican in politics, and a member of the Masonic Order, belonging to 
lodge, chapter and commandery. 

CiiAKLES J. WicKSTBOM. — -Caluniet's strength and prosperity is 
doubtless due in part to the cosmopolitan character of its population, 
an infusion of the foreign element usually proving beneficial to any 
community. The grand duchy of Finland has excellent representa- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 661 

tion in the person of Charles J. Wiekstrom, postmaster and general 
manager of that thriving eoneem, the general merchandise firm of 
■Wiekstrom & Company, He was bom in the province of Uleaborg, 
Finland, July 28, 1868, and has been a resident of Calumet since 1885. 
He spent his boyhood in his native country, and there received such 
education as falls to the share of the Finnish youth. When he was 
approaching young manhood he followed the example set by some 
other members of his family and came to America. Upon the advice 
of friends he decided upon Calumet as his destination in the new 
country, and came by boat, taking the water route on the Great Lakes 
from Erie, Pennsylvania. He experienced little difficulty in securing 
employment in connection with the mining industry, and he worked 
first in the old Copper Falls Mine, and later in the Tamarack, the 
Centennial and others. September 14, 1890, is doubtless an import- 
ant date in the business career of Mr. Wiekstrom, for it was then that 
he began upon that line of occupation which was to prove congenial 
and with which he was later to identify himself in a more important 
capacity. He entered the employ of the mercantile firm of Hosking 
& Company at Calumet, and continued with them for the next seven 
years, giving the most efficient and satisfactory service. Following 
this he became an employe of Isaac Frederiekson, one of Calumet's 
pioneer merchants, and on June 26, 1899, after some nine years' prac- 
tical experience as an employe, Blr. Wiekstrom became a member of 
the firm of Wiekstrom, Neimi & Company, the business of Mr. Fred- 
eriekson being purchased. Through the splendid management of the 
gentlemen who control it this business has grown to be one of the 
leading ones of its kind in the locality and employs a good sized force 
of assistants. The business is located at 444-446-448 Pine street. 

Mr. Wiekstrom has likewise given the most satisfactory service in 
the responsible office of postmaster. He was appointed in February, 
1906, and was reappointed April 13, 1910. He is an uncompromising 
Republican, is interested in ail those questions which effect the com- 
munity as a whole rather than the individual, and is always ready to 
support those measures likely to prove conducive to the general good. 
He is now serving his third term as a member of the village council 
of Red Jacket. Mr. Wiekstrom 's fraternal affiliations are a source of 
great pleasure to him and have given him prominence throughout 
this part of the state. He is connected with Calumet Lodge No. 134, 
I. 0. 0. P.; with the Modem Woodmen of America; Sampo Tent, Fin- 
nish K, 0. T. M.; and B. P. 0. E. No. 404. Both he and his wife at- 
tend the Finnish Lutheran church of Calumet. 

In 1893 Mr. Wiekstrom was united in marriage to Miss Amanda 
Frederiekson, daughter of Isaac Frederiekson, a prominent mining 
and lumber man, and a merchant as well, for whom Mr. Wiekstrom 
had at one time been an employe. To this union have been bom fire 
children: Carl Raymond, Ruth, Milma, Paul Lorimer and Martha. 
The subject of this biography may be counted among the self-made 
men who are to be congratulated upon the excellence of their work, 
for he has come from small beginnings and obscurity to possess sub- 
stance and the esteem of his a 



Rudolph T. Millee. — Recognized throughout the community as a 
man of sterling integrity and worth, Rudolph T. Miller holds a place of 
prominence and influence among the foremost citizens of the Upper 
Peninsula, at the present time filling not only the office of mayor of Iron 
Mountain, but that of probate judge for Dickinson county. A native of 



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662 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Sweden, he was bom, January 12, 1864, near the city of Lund, a son of 
Hans Miller. 

Hans Miller was born in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, where he was 
reared and educated. Becoming an expert butter and cheese maker, he 
was employed as a young man to go to Sweden to teach the natives of 
that country the art of manufacturing those dairy products. Marrying 
a Swedish lassie, he spent the remainder of his life in Sweden. He 
reared five children, of whom three, Fritz, Augusta and Helma, re- 
mained in their native land, R. T. and his brother George coming to the 
United States. 

Obtaining his early education in the public schools of Sweden, Ru- 
dolph T. Miller prepared for college at the Gymnasium, from which he 
was graduated in 1884. He then entered the University at Lund, but 
had not the means to take a full course, and, as it was exceedingly nec- 
essary that he should make his own way in the world, he emigrated to 
this country in 1886, and the following year and a half lived in Minneap- 
olis. Coming then to Michigan, he was a resident of lahpeming imtil 
December, 1889, when he located at Iron Mountain. Here he commenced 
his career by soliciting accident insurance, and at the end of a few 
months he secured the agency for different accident and fire insurance 
companies, opened an ofSce, and has since been successfully engaged in 
the insurance and real estate business. 

Mr. Miller is a straightforward Republican in politics, and since cast- 
ing his first presidential vote, in 1888, for Benjamin Harrison, has been 
an active worker in the party, and has served as a delegate to numerous 
city and district conventions. Elected justice of the peace in 1892, he 
filled the office continuously until 1906, while from 1892 until 1895 he 
was city clerk. In 1904 he was elected probate judge, re-elected in 1908, 
and in 1909 was elected to the highest office of the municipality, becom- 
ing mayor of the city. Fraternally Mr. Miller is a member of Iron 
Mountain Lodge, No. 388, F. & A. M. ; of Iron Jlountain Chapter, No. 
121, R. A. M. ; of Darius Council, No. 75, R. & S. M. ; of Hugh MeCurdy 
Commandery, No. 43, K. T. ; of Ahmed Temple, Mystie Shrine ; of Iron 
Mountain Lodge, No. 700, B. P. 0. E. ; of Oak Leaf Camp, No. 2885, 
M. "W. A.; of Norsjenan Lodge, No. 15, S. H, & E. T.; and of the Order 
of Vasa. Mr. Miller married on March 1, 1890, Hilda T. Van Narmann, 
bom in Sweden, a daughter of C. Van Narmann. They have five chil- 
dren, Henry R., F. Narmann, Carl, Martha and Elsa. 

William F. Ceane, postmaster at Manistique, and extensively en- 
gaged in lumber business in that town, was bom in Canada, April 8, 
1864. His father, William Crane, was bom in England, and there 
received his education ; he came to Canada when a young man and 
there married Mary Townsend, who was born and reared in Rochester, 
New York. They removed to Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, with their 
family, in 1866, and a few years later located in Cheboygan. William F. 
Crane was an infant when his parents removed to Sault Ste. Marie, 
and seven years when they located in Cheboygan, where he received 
his early education. When fifteen years old liie attended business col- 
lege, from which he was graduated. He engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness on his own account at Alpena, Michigan, in 1889. He was an 
enterprising, ambitious youth, and by close application to his business 
interests and attention to details, met with good success from the start. 
He transferred his interests from Alpena to Cheboygan, Michigan, 
where he carried on business until 1892, and in that year located in 
Manistique, where he has since been actively engaged in business. He 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 663 

deals in all kinds of lumber to be found in the Northom Peninsula, and 
his business judgment and acumen are generally recognized. 

Politically Mr. Crane is a stanch Republican, and has always been 
closely identified with the public interests since becoming a resident of 
Manistique ; he was formerly president of the village board, and was the 
first mayor of the city, serving three terms. He is one of the best 
known and most popular men in the region, and has a host of friends. 
He was appointed postmaster by President Roosevelt in 1906, and still 
holds the office. He has been a resident of the Northern Peninsula 
thirty years and has been greatly interested in the progress and devel- 
opment of the state. Mr. Crane has taken an active part in the order 
of Ancient Free & Accepted Masons, and has taken thirty-two degrees 
in same. 

Mr. Crane married, in 1892, Ella T., daughter of "William Johns, 
and they are parents of two daughters, Marian and Helen. 

John Donnell Cuddihy. — Among the earnest men whose depth of 
character and strict adherence to principle have gained them recogni- 
tion in northern Michigan, John D. Cuddihy is prominent. As a banker, 
citizen and man of large affairs, as well as a local Democratic leader, he 
has been an important factor in the development of his community, and 
is a man of sterling business character. He is the president of the First 
National Bank of Calumet, a director of the Citizens National Bank of 
Houghton, a director in the Northern Michigan Building and Loan As- 
sociation of Hancock, director of the Superior Trust Company of Han- 
cock, the manager of the Calumet Theater and the manager of the 
Edward Ryan estate, these representing in part the life achievements of 
John D. Cuddihy. He is president and oj^anizer of the Hancock Con- 
solidated Mining Company organized in 1906, and he was associated 
with Mr. Edward Ryan in the organization of the First National Bank 
of Calumet in 1886. He is also the president of the Lake Superior and 
Arizona Mining and Smelting Company. 

A local Democratic leader as well as a business man. Jlr. Cuddihy 
has served in a few political offices, from 1882 to 1884, being a recorder 
and from 1886 until 1892 he was president of Red Jacket. He was a 
member of the Democratic State Central Committee from 1894 until 
1898. As a fraternalist he is associated with the Order of Elks, with 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen, the Ancient Order of Hiber- 
nians and the Woodmen of the World. He is a member of the Catholic 
church. 

Mr. Cuddihy is a Michigan man by birth, training and association, 
and his father, Captain Michael Cuddihy, was one of the first settlers 
of the copper country, coming to Michigan from Tipperary, Ireland, in 
1854. He was also one of the first mining captains in the copper coun- 
try. His widow, Anastatia Donnell before her marriage, is yet living, 
and resides in Calumet. The son was born in Houghton coimty, at the 
Isle Royal mine, where his father was employed at the time, but as the 
family later moved to Hancock, Michigan, he attended the public schools 
there, until another move of the family took him to the town of Calu- 
met, which was at that time only a little mining camp. But as the place 
increased in size a public school was built and young Cuddihy was the 
first scholar enrolled and one of the eight that stood for honors at the 
end of the first term. At the age of fifteen he began work in the Min- 
eral Range Telegraph oifice as a messenger hoy for the purpose of leam- 
mg telegraphy. He was not paid for his services in delivering mes- 
sages unless the message had to be carried over a mile from the office. 



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664 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

and in that instance he received twenty-five cents a message. The largest 
amount he received at one month's work at that rate was two dollars and 
seventy-five cents, but in less than nine months he had mastered the 
dots and dashes of the Morse system and was assigned as an operator to 
Eagle River, Michigan, where he received a salary of fifteen dollars a 
month and hoard. He continued in that position until April, 1874, and 
then in company with Captain Bendery went to Baraga, Michigan, where 
the Captain intended to establish a telegraph office, but the arrangement 
in some way fell through and young Cuddihy during the two months of 
waiting for the office to become a reality secured work loading lumber 
in scows. When the office was finally established he learned that he was 
only to receive his board for his services, and receiving an ofEer from. 
Edward Ryan he returned to Calumet and began work for the latter as 
a clerk in a general store. He was promoted to the position of head 
bookkeeper in 1879 and was made the manager in 1887, a position he 
continued to fill until the business was discontinued. This store was one 
of the largest of its kind in Calumet at that time. Calumet has long 
numbered John Donnell Cuddihy among her representative business 
men and citizens. 

Judge Edmund Ashfobd was born in England, in Warwickshire, 
March 25, 1853, but nearly his entire business life has been spent in 
this country, and for thirty years or more he has lived in Manistique, 
Michigan. During all these years he has been prominently identified 
with the city's affairs, and he is now serving as a probate judge. His 
boyhood days were spent in the place of his birth, receiving there also 
his public school training, and during about six years of his early life 
he was in the government service in Australia. Returning from there 
to England he was married in the mother country in 1878 to Caroline 
Davis, a native daughter of that country. Together they made the 
journey to Canada in 1879, and in 1880 they came to Manistique, Mr. 
Ashford during the first ten years of his residence here filling the po- 
sition of lumber inspector for the Chicago Lumber Company. In 1892 
he was elected the county clerk and register of deeds, filling those 
offices for ten years, and during the previous five years he was the 
clerk, treasurer and supervisor of his township. Since 1903 he has 
been identified with the real estate, abstract and insurance business, 
and in 1908 he was elected a probate judge and is the present incum- 
bent of that office. He has gained the respect and confidence of men, 
and he deserves the high place he has attained in the history of Man- 
istique and of Schoolcraft county. 

Four children have been born to Judge and Mrs. Ashford, and the 
eldest, Harry Ashford, is living on the Neopit Indian reservation and 
is employed as a bookkeeper. Adelaide, the elder daughter, is at 
home with her parents and is her father's assistant, while Prank is in 
Duluth, and Edith is also at home. Judge Ashford is a prominent Re- 
publican worker, and he is a Mason and also a member of the fraternal 
order of Elks, Lodge No. 632. 

William Holmes. — One of the honored pioneer citizens of Menomi- 
nee, of which city he has served as mayor, Mr. Holmes is one of those 
sturdy and progressive men who became identified with the great 
lumber industry in this section of Michigan nearly half a century ago. 
Through his connection therewith, prolonged over a long terra of 
years, he achieved a large measure of success and at all stages of his 
career he has retained the inviolable confidence and esteem of those 
with whom he has come in contact. He has been dependent upon his 



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THK NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 665 

own exertions from his boyhood days, his life has been eventful and 
he is in the most significant sense the architect of his own fortunes. 
Denied educational and other advantages as a boy and youth, he pnt 
his shoulder to the wheel and courageously pressed forward to the 
port of definite independence and prosperity. As a man of affairs 
and as a citizen he is broad minded and public spirited, and in the 
stern school of experience he has ably overcome the handicap of ear- 
lier years. No citizen of the Upper Peninsula is more deserving of 
specific mention in this compilation. 

William Holmes was born at Miramiehi province, New Brunswick, 
Canada, on the 1,6th of April, 1830, and is a son of James Holmes, 
who was a native of Scotland and who came from Port Glasgow to 
America in 1804, establishing his home in New Brunswick, where he 
engaged in farming and lumbering and where both he and his wife 
continued to reside ujitil their death. The early educational training 
of the subject of this sketch was limited to about eighteen months' 
attendance in the district schools of his native province, and when but 
ten years of age, he began work as a driver of the supply team for the 
lumber camps in that section. At the age of sixteen years he left the 
parental home, and his financial reinforcement at this time was 
summed up in four dollars, which had been loaned to him by his sister. 
He set forth to make his way on foot to Bangor, Maine,— a distance 
of more than three hundred and fifty miles. On the way he secured 
employment for four days in the hay field and received in compen- 
sation for his services fifty cents a day, less the amount of one dollar 
which his employer charged him for the service of driving twenty 
miles to Frederickstown in order to get the money to pay the boy. 
Young Holmes resumed his tramp and arrived in Old Town, Maine, 
where he passed the first night on a bench in a hotel office. He pro- 
ceeded to Stillwater, that state, where he earned a little money by 
digging a cellar, and upon his arrival in the city of Bangor, he bor- 
rowed three dollars from a friend and thence proceeded into the 
woods, where he passed the winter in chopping timber for a firm 
operating on the Fish river in Aroostook county. He continued for 
two years in the employ of the firm of Jewett & March and then re- 
turned to his home in New Brunswick, where he was employed for 
one year. He then, at the age of twenty-one years, returned to Maine, 
where he was engaged with the same firm for the ensuing two years, 
during most of which he had charge of a lumber camp. 

In 1853 Mr, Holmes came to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and 
in the winter of that year he ran a logging camp at Escanaba, in the 
employ of N. Ludington & Company. Later he had charge of a camp 
at Run River, Minnesota, in the employ of Jonathan Chase. Upon 
his return to Escanaba he was employed at Upper Mill and at Flat 
Rock. In February, 1856, he was summoned to Taylors Falls, Min- 
nesota, by reason of the death of a relative at that place. This was 
before the construction of any railroads in this section of the state 
and he made the entire journey on foot, accompanied by an Indian 
mail train of dogs. The trip to Menominee was made over the ice of 
the lake and from the latter point he proceeded to Green Bay and 
afterward onward to his destination. He paid the Indian five dollars 
for his services as guide. Mr. Holmes remained for a time in Minne- 
sota, where he was employed in connection with lumbering operations, 
and in 1857 he associated himself with Samuel M. Stephenson, of 
Menominee, and assumed a contract for getting out logs for _N. Lud- 
ington & Company. There were only two camps in operation that 
winter and Mr. Stephenson drove the ox team by which supplies were 



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666 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

taken to the camps; in the meanwhile Mr. Holmes had the super- 
vision of the work of the men. The next year the firm of Stephenson 
& Holmes continued operations at Menominee and here Mr. Stephen- 
son finally bought an interest in the lumber business of Abner Kirby. 
who later became one of the interested principals in the Kirby-Car- 
penter Company, one of the well known lumber manufacturing con- 
cerns of the early days. In the following year Mr, Holmes was 
assigned charge of the logging operations of the company, and for 
thirty- eight years thereafter he was retained as superintendent of 
logging operations in this section of the state. In January, 1897, he 
built a logging railroad seventy-five miles in length, and thereafter he 
continued to be occupied with logging contracts, with distinctive suc- 
cess, until 1905, since which time he has lived virtually retired. His 
career has been one of great industry and consecutive application, 
and through his eaimest toil and endeavor he has accumulated a com- 
petency. He has maintained his home and business headquarters in 
the city of Menominee since 1857, and has long been one of the most 
prominent and influential citizens of this place. He is a member of 
the directorate of the Lumbermen's National Bank of Menominee and 
was one of the organizers and incorporators of the Menominee Electric 
Railroad & Power Company, in which he is still a large stockholder. 

In politics Mr. Holmes is a staunch advocate of the principles and 
policies of the Republican party, and in 1897 he was given an unmis- 
takable token of popular confidence and esteem in his home city, in 
that he was then elected its mayor. He continued incumbent of this 
office during 1898-9, and his administration is regarded as one of the 
best ever given a city by its chief municipal executive. In 1896 ho 
served as supervisor of Menominee township. Mr. Holmes is an ap- 
preciative member of the Masonic fraternity, in which he is affiliated 
with the local bodies of the York Rite, including Menominee Com- 
mandery. Knights Templars. He also holds membership in the ad- 
junct body, Ahmed Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine, in the city of Marquette, Michigan. 

On the 12th of July, 1869, at Escanaba, Michigan, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Holmes to Miss Augusta J, Chandler, daughter 
of Alden Chandler, one of the worthy pioneers of the Upper Penin- 
sula. Concerning the children of this happy union, the following 
brief record is given : "William A., who resides at Crystal Palls, Mich- 
igan, married Caroline Sakerson; Guy W., who resides at Marinette, 
Wisconsin, married Miss Annie L. Bentley; Arthur K., a resident of 
"Waucedah, Michigan, married Miss Margaret Condie ; Ray "W., who 
resides at Winthrop, Maine, married Miss Minnie Martin; Helen J, 
died at the age of eight years ; and Charlotte L. is the wife of Herbert 
A. Bowdish of Menominee. Mr. and Mrs. Holmes find that in the 
gracious evening of their lives their lines are "cast in pleasant 
places," and they have great pride in their children and their ten 
grandchildren, while Mp. Holmes himself is to be congratulated on 
the marked success which he has achieved through his worthy en- 
deavors as one of the world's honorable army of workers. 

Herman Holmes.— Prominent in social and political circles, Her- 
man Holmes, of Crystal Falls, is an excellent representative of the 
Swedish-born citizens who have contributed their full share towards the 
advancement of the material interests of the Upper Peninsula. A son 
of Nels A, Holmes, he was born, October 3, 1872, in the western part 
of Sweden. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 667 

Reared, educated and married in Sweden, Nels A. Holmes left his 
native country in 1882, America being his objective point of destina- 
tion. He spent a short time in the busy city of Chicago, from there 
going to Wisconsin. Not being entirely pleased with his prospects in 
either place, he eame to the Upper Peninsula, locating in the new town 
of Iron River. Iron county was then a veritable wilderness, in which 
very few mines had been opened. Soou taking up a homestead claim 
in Stambaugh township, three miles from Iron River, he built a log 
cabin in the woods, and there, in 1884, he was joined by his family. He 
has been a resident of Iron county continuously ever since, living a part 
of the time in Iron River, at the present time, in 1910, occupying his 
home farm. He has three children, . Herman, Gust A. and Annie Eliz- 
abeth. 

Receiving his elementary education in Sweden, Herman Holmes 
attended the Stambaugh schools after coming to Michigan for awhile 
He was reared to habits of industry and thrift, and when but a boy 
worked in the mines and assisted his father in clearing the land. 
When ready to begin life for himself, he embarked in the logging and 
lumber business, operating in Iron county and in adjacent territories, 
being uniformly successful in his ventures. An active and worthy 
member of the Republican party, Mr. Holmes was elected sheriff of Iron 
county in 1900, was re-elected in 1902, and in 1908 was again honored 
with an election to the same office. 

Mr. Holmes married in November, 1898, Christina Sackerson, who 
was born in Sweden, and came with her parents to Michigan, where her 
father, a resident of Stambaugh township, is now engaged in farming. 
Mr. and Mrs. Holmes have an adopted daughter, Esther Holmes, nine 
years old, who has lived with them the past eight years, receiving from 
them loving care and gentle training. Fraternally Mr. Holmes is a 
member of Crystal Palls Lodge, No. 385, F. & A. M. ; of Crystal Falls 
Chapter, No. 129, R. A. M. ; of Hugh McCurdy Commandery, No. 43, 
K. T. ; of Ahmed Temple, Mystic Shrine, and of the Consistory, at 
Grand Rapids ; of Crystal Palls Lodge, I. 0. 0. F. ; of Iron River 
Lodge, K. of P.; and of Iron River Camp, M. W. A. 

CharijES F. RoGERS.^One of the large-minded and enterprising men 
of Hancock, Michigan, Charles F. Rogers was for many years em- 
ployed as a journalist in the Upper Peninsula, being connected with 
different papers, but is now rendering satisfactory service to his fel- 
low-citizens as postmaster at Hancock. A native of Marquette county, 
he was bom November 15, 1869, at Negaunee, a son of William P. 
Rogers. He is of English descent, his grandfather, Henry Rogers, 
having been a life-long resident of county Cornwall, England. 

Born in the parish of Camborne, county Cornwall, England, Wil- 
liam P. Rogers was employed in his boyhood days on a farm, but was 
afterward employed in mining until 1849. Embarking then, with his 
wife, on the stanch sailing vessel "Roger Sherman," he crossed the 
ocean in five weeks, landing in New York city. He settled first in 
Dodgeville, Wisconsin, but a few months later eame to the Northern 
Peninsula, locating in Keweenaw county. He worked in different 
mines in that vicinity for a number of years, and then located in 
Houghton county. Buying a lot in the new town of Hancock, he built 
a house and worked in the Franklin Mine, getting along well. His 
house being burned in the great conflagration of 1869, he moved with 
his family to Marquette county, and the following four years worked 
in the mines near Negaunee and Ishpeming. Returning then to 



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668 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Hancock, he built another home, resumed work at the Franklin Mine, 
and was here a resident until his death in 1889. The maiden name of 
his wife was Ann Littlejohn. She was born June 20, 1829, in Cam- 
borne, county Cornwall, England, a daughter of James and Elizabeth 
(Trevilion) Littlejohn, life-long residents of that parish, where her 
father was engineer at the miura. She still resides in Hancock, a 
bright and active woman for one of her age, bearing the burden of 
her years with grace and dignity. She has reared four children, 
namely: "William H., Francis J., Albert and Charles F. 

Receiving his early education in the public schools of Hancock, 
Charles F. Rogers began as a boy of fourteen years to learn the "art 
preservative," entering the office of the "Northwestern Mining Jour- 
nal," of which B. P. Kibbee was the proprietor. At the end of three 
years, during which time be had gained valuable knowledge and ex- 
perience, he entered the employ of Prince & Shields, proprietors of 
the Portage Lake Heraid, now the Evening Journal, and continued with 
this paper eleven years. Mr. Rogers was subsequently associated with 
the Mining Oazette at Houghton, until February, 1909, when he was ap- 
pointed to his present position as postmaster at Hancock, an office which 
he is tilling ably and faithfully. 

Mr. Rogers married in 1894, on the 8th of June, Frances Harris, 
who was bom in Houghton, Michigan, July 19, 1874. Her father, 
Frank Harris, was a native of Cleveland, Ohio, while her mother was 
born in Germany. Mr, and Mrs. Rogers are the parents of five chil- 
dren, namely: Myrtle J,, Lester, Roland, Arville and Harris. Fra- 
ternally Mr. Rogers is a member of Hancock Lodge No. 381, B. P. 0. 
E. ; of Portage Camp No. 2596, M. W. A. ; and of Mistletoe Lodge No. 
274, Order of the Sons of Saint George. 

Judge JL^btin S. McDonough, who is well known throughout Iron 
county, Michigan, and who is now giving most efficient service as a prose- 
cuting attorney of the county, is a young man who is rapidly achieving 
success, not only as a lawyer of recognized ability and as a judge of strict 
integrity and sound judgment but also as a citizen whose loyalty and 
public spirit have ever been of the most insistent order. Martin Syl- 
vester McDonough was born at Oconto, Wisconsin, the date of his na- 
tivity being February 21, 1885. He is a son of John McDonough, who 
was bom in Brown county, Wisconsin, in the year 1858, and died at 
Everett, Washington, September 18, 1910. The paternal grandparents 
of him whose name initiates this review were of Irish descent and they 
were natives of Lynn, Massachusetts, whence they emigrated westward 
to Wisconsin in the early pioneer days. Mrs. McDonough, whose maiden 
name was Mary E. Murphey, was bom at Stevens Point, Wisconsin, 
her parents having been originally natives of the state of Maine. She, 
too, traces her ancestry back to staunch Irish extraction and she and 
her husband were devout communicants of the Roman Catholic church, 
in whose faith they were reared. She died December 20, 1901. 

Judge McDonough was the second in order of birth in a family of 
six children. His early education was obtained in the Michigan 
public schools and studied law in the olBce of Judge R. C. Flannigan 
at Norway, Michigan, in 1903-1905, He matriculated in Washington 
& Lee University, at Lexington, Virginia, in the law department of 
which excellent institution he was graduated as a member of the class 
of 1907, duly receiving the degree of Bachelor of Laws. Immediately 
after graduation he initiated the active practice of his profession at 
Iron River, Michigan, where he has built up a large and representative 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 669 

clientage and where he is recognized as one of the leading young at- 
torneys in the county. In politics he endorses the cause of the Repub- 
lican party, in the local councils of which he is an active leader. In 
November, 1908, he was elected judge of the Iron county probate court, 
continuing incumbent of that office until December, 1910, at which 
time he resigned in order to devote more time to his duties as pros- 
ecuting attorney of Iron county, to which office he had been elected in 
November of that year. In every position of honor or trust to which 
Judge McDonough has been called he has given his time, his energy, 
his unceasing zeal and almost unerring judgment to the work incident 
to the oiSce. He is a young man of keen business acumen and unusual 
foresight and although he has been a legal practitioner for less than 
four years he has already won prestige as a skilled trial lawyer and 
as a well fortified counselor. His religious faith is in accordance with 
the teachings of the Catholic church and he is affiliated with the 
Knights of Columbus and with the Sigma Chi college fraternity. He 
is unmarried. 

Alfred Ckuse. — Numbered among the highly esteemed and valued 
citizens of Dickinson county is Alfred Cruse, who, during the fourteen 
and more years that he has served as postmaster at Iron Mountain, 
has proved himself a capable, faithful and popular public official, and 
has won the approbation and friendship of the people. A son of 
William Cruse, he was bom in the village of Holmbush, near Calling- 
ton, county Cornwall, England, which was likewise the birthplace of 
his parents. 

Brought up and educated in county Cornwall, England, William 
Cruse became an engineer, and for many years operated a stationary 
engine in Cornwall. The only one of his immediate family to cross 
the ocean, he emigrated to this country with his wife and children 
in 1876, locating in the Upper Peninsula. He spent his last days re- 
tired from active work in Calumet, Michigan, passing away at the 
advanced age of eighty-seven years. He married Mary Ann Foley, 
whose father, John Foley, a soldier in the British army, served in the 
cavalry and fought under Wellington at Waterloo. He was a life- 
long resident of county Cornwall, spending his last days at Stoke- 
Clymesland. Mrs. William Cruse died at the comparatively early 
age of fifty-eight years. To her and her husband seven children 
were bom, namely : James H. ; William M. ; John ; Edwin T. ; Alfred, 
the subject of this sketch; Anna H., now Mrs. Thomas; and Mary, 
who died at the age of twelve years. 

Until ten years of age Alfred Cruse attended the day sessions of 
the public schools of his native village, afterwards pursuing his 
studies in the night schools of Cornwall. As a boy he worked on the 
farm, but at the age of thirteen years found employment in the Kit 
Hil tin mines. Coming with the family to Michigan when eighteen 
years of age, he was employed for a few months at the Ridge mine, 
in Ontonagon, after which he worked one winter in the Delaware 
mine in Keweenaw county. Going then to Copper Falls, he operated, 
at the Central mine, the first drilling machine ever used in the copper 
country. In 1871 Mr. Cruse became clerk in a general store at Eagle 
River, hut after a short time entered the employ of the firm composed 
of 6. K. Kloeckner, Charles Briggs and D. W. Sutter, clerking in 
their store at the Phoenix mine for four years. He was then placed 
in charge of their fresh meat department and given an interest in the 
business. In 1882 the firm bought a market at the Central mine. 



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670 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

established another at the Delaware mine, and conducted the busi- 
ness Tinder the firm name of A. Cruse & Company, with Mr. Cruse as 
manager. In 1884 Mr. Briggs bought the interest of Messrs. Kloeck- 
ner and Sutter, and Mr. Cruse continued as manager until 1887, when 
he sold out his entire interest in the business. Coming then to Iron 
Mountain, &lr. Cruse formed a partnership with Robert C. Faucett, 
and conducted a market on the Chapin property for several years. 
In 1897 he was appointed postmaster at Iron Mountain, and since 
June of that year has held the office, to which he has recently been 
re-appointed for another term of four years. 

Mr. Cruse married, December 24, 1868, Mary S. Jackson, who was 
born in England, which was the birthplace of her parents, Richard 
and Mary Jackson, who, after coming to this country, lived first at 
Hazel Green, Wisconsin, from there coming to the Upper Peninsula 
and spending their last days in Iron Mountain. Mr. and Mrs. Cruse 
have four children, namely: S. Edwin, Bertha, William G. and Boy 
J. S. Edwin, a practising physician at Iron Mountain, married 
Catherine Shuey. Bertha, wife of Samuel Cudlip, has three children, 
Phyllis, Merlin and Genevieve, William G., a bank commissioner in 
Idaho, married Nettie Thompson. Roy J., a dentist at Poeatello, 
Idaho, married Ann Esterbrooks. Fraternally Mr. Cruse is a mem- 
ber of Iron Mountain Lodge, No. 388, F. & A. M. ; of Iron Mountain 
Chapter, No. 121, R. A. M. ; of Diarius Council, R. & S. M. ; of Hugh 
MeCurdy Commandery at Crystal Palls, No. 43, K. T. ; of Ahmed 
Temple, Mystic Shrine, Grand Rapids; and of Iron Mountain Lodge, 
K. of P. 

W. Feank James. — A man of strong personality, energetic and pro- 
gressive, ever ready to lend his assistance in advancing the material wel- 
fare of the community in which he lives, W. Frank James occupies a 
place of prominence among the leading citizens of Hancock, standing 
high in business, social, political and fraternal circles. He was born at 
Port Oram, New Jersey, May 23, 1873, being the third in direct line of 
descent to bear this name. His father, W. Frank James, Jr., and hia 
grandfather, W. Frank James, Sr., were both bom in County Cornwall, 
England. 

W. Frank James, Sr., followed mining pursuits in his native land 
until 1871, when he emigrated with his family to the United States. 
Settling at Port Oram, New Jersey, he continued work as a miner until 
his death, in 1877. 

W. Frank James, Jr., was bom in the parish of Saint Ives, County 
Cornwall, England, and was there brought up and educated. Coming 
with the family to this country in 1871, he was employed at the mines 
in or near Port Oram, New Jersey, until 1876, when he migrated to the 
Upper Peninsula, settling in Hancock and being employed at the Frank- 
lin Mine until his death, two years later, while yet in manhood's prime. 
The maiden name of his wife was Elizabeth A. Williams, who was bom 
in County Cornwall, England, the birthplace of her parents, Samuel 
and Jane Williams, Coming with his family to the United States, Sam- 
uel Williams was for a time engaged in mining at Port Oram, New 
Jersey, from there coming to Houghton county, Michigan, where he 
spent his remaining years. Surviving her first husband, Mrs. W. Prank 
James, Jr., married Charles Tresiee and now resides in Hancock, Hough- 
ton county. Her only daughter, Annie James, lived but three years^ 
and W. Frank James, her only son, is the special subject of this sketch. 

Being graduated from the Hancock high school with the class of 



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CLAUDIUS B. GRANT 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 671 

1890, W. Prank James entered Albion College, in Albion, Michigan, and 
was graduated from its business department in 1891. Accepting a po- 
sition then with the Mineral Range Railroad Company, he made himself 
generally useful in the oiBee for awhile, and was afterward in the office 
of Fredericks, Stringer & Harris. On April 26, 1898, Mr. James en- 
listed in Company F, Thirty-fourth Michigan Volunteer Infantry, and 
after spending a short time at John Eaton camp and at Camp Alger, he 
went with his regiment to Cuba. He was there on detached duty as 
clerk, first for General "Wheeler and later for Colonel John P. Peter- 
man, Returning north with his command, he was first located at Mon- 
tauk Point, from there coming to Hancock, Michigan, where he was 
honorably discharged from the service in November, 1898, Embarking 
then in the insurance business, Mr. James has since become interested in 
real estate, in these two lines of business carrying on extensive and lu- 
crative operations. One of the leading Republicans of Hancock, he has 
taken an active part in public affairs, serving four years as county treas- 
urer, two years as a member of the city council, as mayor of the city, a 
position to which he was elected in 1909, and was nominated on the 
Republican ticket for state senator on September 6, 1910. 

Mr. James married, in 1905, Jennie Mingay, who was bom in Can- 
ada, a daughter of Charles G. and Annie Mingay, natives respectively 
of England and Ireland. Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
James, Annie and W. Frank, Jr. 

Fraternally Mrr James is a member of Hancock Lodge, No. 235, F. 
& A. M.; Gate of the Temple Chapter, No. 25, R. A. M.; of Primrose 
Commandery, K. T. ; of Ahmed Temple, A. A. 0. N. M. S. ; of Detroit 
Consistory; of Lake Linden Chapter, O. E. S.; of the K. 0. T. M. M.; 
of the Modem Samaritans; of Hancock Lodge, No. 381, B. P. 0. E. ; of 
Hancock Aerie, F. 0. B. ; of Mistletoe Lodge, Sons of St. George, and 
grand president of the State Lodge; and a member of the I. 0. 0. F. 
and of Foster Encampment. He is also a member of the United Span- 
ish War Veterans and of the Society of the Army of Santiago de Cuba. 

Claudius B. Gkant is one of Michigan 's jurists that has risen by vir- 
tue of his own merit and energj' to the highest judicial office in the 
state. He was born in Lebanon, York county, Maine, October 25, 1835; 
his parents being Joseph Grant and Mary Merrill, of Scotch and Eng- 
lish descent. His parents were unable to give him more than a common 
school education and therefore, by his own earnings, he provided for 
himself a university education, entering the Michigan University in 
1855. He graduated therefrom in 1859 upon completion of the classical 
course. For the next year he was assistant teacher of classics and for 
the following two yeara principal of the Ann Arbor High School. In 
the summer of 1862 he responded to the call of President Lincoln, re- 
signed his position, raised a company which was assigned to the Twen- 
tieth Michigan Infantry as Company D ; was commissioned captain July 
29, 1862, and soon after left for the seat of war. On November 21, 1863, 
he was promoted to the rank of major in the Twentieth Regiment, 
December 20, 1864, he was made lieutenant colonel, and on the same day 
commissioned coloneL "With his regiment he participated in numerous 
engagements in Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi and Virginia, includ- 
ing the battle of Horse-Shoe Bend, the sieges of Vicksburg and Jackson, 
the battles of Blue Springs and Campbell Station, the siege of Knox- 
ville, the defense of Fort Sanders, the battles of the "Wilderness, Spottsyl- 
vania Court House, Cold Harbor, the assault upon Petersburg (June 17 
and 18, 1864) and all operations before the Confederate stronghold. 



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672 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

The day following the surrender of General Lee, Colonel Grant re- 
sided his command and returned to Ann Arbor where he entered upon 
the study of taw in the University of Michigan. In June, 1866, he was 
admitted to the bar, and immediately began practice ; entering into part- 
nership with es-Governor Alpheus Felch. The same year he was elected 
recorder at Ann Arbor, and was also made a member of the Board of 
Education for four yeara. 

la April, 1867, he received the appointment of postmaster at Ann 
Arbor and held that office for three years. In 1870, and again in 1872, 
he was elected as representative in the state legslature, and served two 
terms. During the legislative session of 1871, he was chairman of the 
committee on public instruction ; in 1873 he was speaker pro tem of the 
house, and was chairman of the committee on ways and means. In 1871 
he was elected regent of the university and he served as such for eight 
years. In 1872 he was appointed by President Grant alternate commis- 
sioner for the state of Michigan, under the law organizing the Centen- 
nial Commission, and he seived until the close of the exposition in 1876. 

In 1873 Judge Grant moved from Ann Arbor to Houghton, where 
he and Joseph H. Chandler formed a partnership for the practice of 
law. In 1876 he was elected prosecuting attorney for Houghton county, 
which position he filled for two years with a degree of justness and 
courage befitting that important office, which has to do with the liberty 
of fellow citizens on the one hand and the protection of society upon the 
other. In 1882, upon the organization of the twenty-fifth judicial cir- 
cuit, he was elected circuit judge, and in 1886 removed to Marquette 
so as to live within the circuit over which he presided. He was reelected 
to the same office in 1887 by an overwhelming majority, showing the 
appreciation of the people for his sterling worth as a judge. 

Judge Grant has always been a Republican, and in February, 1889, 
he was nominated by that party as its candidate for the ofiice of justice 
of the supreme court, to which office he was elected at the ensuing elec- 
tion, receiving an exceeding flattering vote, especially throughout the 
Upper Peninsula, attesting his great popularity, though, further to his 
credit, it was said that some of the votes in his favor were from the 
criminally inclined who did not relish his occupancy of the circuit 
bench. Before his departure for Lansing, where he entered upon the 
duties of his high office, he was generously and justly toasted by many 
of his friends who tendered him departing banquets at his home city of 
Marquette, and the neighboring city of the Saidt. 

Speaking of his service upon the bench of the circuit it is but just 
to say that his vigilance in insisting that criminals be arrested and 
brought to trial, and his dealing out of rigorous justice to such as were 
brought before him, served as a serious check upon the looseness of 
methods with which the liquor traffic was wont to be carried on in the 
mining and lumbering settlements of his circuit, and to almost literally 
stamp out of existence the vile dens of infamy that most invariably 
haunt the neighborhoods of new mining and lumbering communities. 
In public addresses he warned the offenders of the provisions of the law 
and the duties of the courts, and he demanded of the officers the ful- 
fillment of their duties. His was the stability, energy, force of purpose, 
and yet the sense of justice for the work at hand, and to his work the 
people of the whole Upper Peninsula owe a debt of gratitude they can 
never fully repay. "When he left the circuit to assume his duties in the 
higher court he carried with him a state-wide reputation for his fearless 
and conscientious fulfillment of the hazardous duties of his office; and 
truly they were hazardous, for many of the characters in the occupa- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 673 

tiona he antagonized were desperate characters. The courage displayed 
in his many battles in the Civil war was again brought to bear in his 
successful battle upon the worst enemies of society and civilization. 

Upon the supreme bench of the state, he served by virtue of election 
after election until January 1, 1910, making twenty years of service upon 
the bench of the highest judicial tribunal in the state ; no more impor- 
tant than which is the federal supreme court, because of the state court 
having to do more extensively and directly with the rights of the com- 
mon people. In this service he has displayed legal ability and that 
sense of justice and equity that has placed him in the front rank of 
the jurists of the state. He retired from the bench voluntarily January 
1, 1910, and after a trip abroad settled in the city of Detroit, where his 
able counsel is often sought in momentous business matters; a fitting 
recompense for a life that has been largely devoted to matters of great 
moment to both state and nation. 

Judge Grant was married June 13, 1863, to Caroline L. Feich, eldest 
daughter of ex-Governor Alpheus Pelch, of Ann Arbor, and the mar- 
riage was blessed with four daughters, Mary Florence, wife of James 
Pendhill of Marquette. 

Hon. Samuel M. Stephenson. — It seems to be a law of humanity to 
which there are few exceptions that men whose daily business life 
brings them close to nature imbibe a certain freedom and breadth of 
character, a directness, a warmth and a sympathy for human-kind, 
which are so often denied the habitue of the city streets and counting 
room. The typical lumberman, whether employee or employer, is east 
in the rugged, generous mould, and God never created a set of men 
larger, braver and more sympathetic than the pioneers who came 
from the eastern forests in the early fifties, penetrated the dark and 
dense pineries of the northwest and there sawed out their fortunes 
and helped their fellows to get the most good out of life. A grand 
leader in this splendid phalanx of business men, pioneer fraternalists 
and builders of a new civilization, was the late Hon. Samuel Merritt 
Stephenson, who passed away on the 31st of July, 1907, at his home 
in Menominee, after having permanently resided in that place for 
nearly half a century and become one of the most prominent and best 
beloved citizens of the Upper Peninsula. There were somewhat wide 
diversities of opinion as to the extent of his wealth in dollars, but 
no disagreement whatever as to his wealth in generous acts of friend- 
ship, in public beneficences, in useful works of practical statesman- 
ship, and in all those traits of manhood which indicated a consecration 
of his abundant means to high purposes. 

Mr, Stephenson was bom in New Brunswick, just over the interna- 
tional boundary, in 1831. When but six years of age his parents 
brought him into the woods of Maine, near Machias, and there he soon 
commenced to support himself; at ten he was earning seven dollars 
a month as a son of the forest, and at fifteen he was prepared to enter 
the seemingly inexhaustible pineries of the great northwest. In 1846 
he found himself in Delta county, Michigan, with three silver ten cent 
pieces in his pocket and an ambition in his young breast to become as 
good a logger and saw mill hand as could be found around Bay de 
Noquet and the country adjacent to northern Lake Michigan; and 
this aim he had fairly accomplished at his first visit to Menominee in 
1853. Soon afterward he associated himself in logging with his 
brother, Isaac (now United States senator from Wisconsin) and Wil- 
liam Holmes, both of whom were also for years great figures in the 



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674 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

lumbering operations which centered around Eaeanalia and Menom- 
inee. The headquarters of the yoiang trio of 1853 were at the latter 
point, and one of their chief contracts was to supply timbers for the 
Illinois Central breakwater then being constructed on the Chicago 
lake front. 

As mentioned, Mr. Stephenson eommenced his permanent residence 
in Menominee in 1858, forming a partnership with Abner Kirby of 
Milwaukee in the operation of a single saw and siding machine, which 
first cut the logs into suitable lengths and then made them into lum- 
ber. The combined mechanism was termed a ' ' mill ' ' and, crude though 
it was, proved the foundation of the vast business of the Kirby-Car- 
penter Company. Mr. Stephenson retained an active connection with 
the business until the company, a few years ago, abandoned the manu- 
facture of white pine. The original mill had a capacity of about 
3,000,000 feet a season; the plant of recent years turned out 120,000,- 
000 feet of lumber, with 250,000 feet of shingle and lath daily. For 
many years Mr. Stephenson was in charge of the logging and manufac- 
turing of the great concern; in 1872 was elected vice-president, and 
retained that office to the time of his death, when the pine lands of 
the company had been depleted and there remained great tracts of 
land which were being utilized for agriculture and minor timber in- 
vestments. Individually, he secured heavy timber holdings in boWi 
the south and west and was, to the last, a lumber king and a prince 
among men. Like others in his broad class Mr. Stephenson perceived 
the advantage of being in close touch with the leading financial insti- 
tutions of the region in which his extensive lumbering operations 
were conducted. He was long president of the First National Bank of 
Menominee and a leading stockholder in the National Bank of Mari- 
nette, of which he was one of the founders. Another evidence of his 
far-sightedness was the erection of the elegant hotel in his home city, 
which became the recognized headquarters of the numerous lumber- 
men who came to the Menominee region, as well as the most fastid- 
ious of the traveling public. Both his bank and his hotel were impor- 
tant adjuncts to his business and at the same time institutions which 
greatly benefited Menominee as a city. But there is another and a 
nobler side of Mr. Stephenson's nature, in its relation to his home city, 
to which brief reference has been made, but which is developed more 
in detail by an appreciative journalistic friend, who wrote several 
years before his death. "A good many of the pioneers," he says, 
"have gone with their wealth to other sections, but Mr. Stephenson 
has preferred to continue in the country which he made and which 
has made him. As the timber has disappeared he has sought to assist 
everything that would take its place as a means of support for the 
people. Many a now prosperous business and prosperous young busi- 
ness man owes its or his start to Mr. Stephenson's assistance. He has 
sought in every way to promote the interest of the city in which he 
lives. If there is anything of a public nature to be done a call is of 
course made upon Mr. Stephenson. It makes no difference whether it 
is a poor family that needs relief, a stray woodsman who needs hos- 
pital care, a school that wants a library, a church that wants an organ, 
or some project for a hotel or an opera house; Samuel M. Stephenson's 
money and often his time are drawn upon. There are many interesting 
and pathetic tales which might be told of things he has done. The 
best of them all have been without ostentation and secretly performed, 
like the relief of a hundred or more families in a hard-times winter." 
Going afield from Menominee, it is evident that one of the greatest 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 675 

services which Mr. Stephenson rendered the state was his practical 
demonstration during the later years of his life that the vast tracts of 
land in the Upper Peninsula which had been cleared of timber could 
be made as productive for agricultural purposes as those further south. 
He really began the demonstration quite early in his lumbering career, 
when he cleared tracts of land adjoining his camps and raised hay and 
potatoes in abundance, "With his gradual withdrawal from the more 
active work of lumbering he entered more extensively into these ex- 
periments, and conclusively proved his early contention brought incal- 
culable material benefits to the state. As an agriculturist in his own 
interest, Mr. Stephenson was moat successful. Taking up farming as 
a diversion, he fell earnestly in love with it, and his "Pine Hill Stock 
Farm," just outside of Menominee, was developed into one of the 
model country estates of the country for the raising of live stock and 
the output of dairy products. "Pine Hill Farm" is really a grand 
standing demonstration of Mr. Stephenson's claim that ex-timber 
lands were strong producers, agriculturally speaking. "When he took 
hold of the place it was virtually a hill of pines covering one hundred 
and iifty acres, but he cleared and added "forty" after "forty" until 
he had fifteen hundred acres mostly devoted to the profitable produc- 
tion of hay, grain and potatoes, as well as a great orchard bearing fif- 
teen hundred apple trees. The land supported a herd of four hundred 
and sixty of first-class Jerseys, Shorthorns, Guernseys and Holsteins, 
as well as standard horses, sheep and hogs and a fine collection of 
poultry. The output of his dairy amounted to about four hundred 
quarts of milk daily and six hundred pounds of butter weekly; and his 
dairy barn is believed to have no counterpart in the world. It is an 
amphitheatre of stone, one hundred and twenty feet in diameter and 
sixty feet high, with a silo in the center thirty feet in diameter. The 
dairy is heated by steam, lighted by electricity and its machinery 
driven by steam power. These are only the main features of "Pine 
Hill Farm" and only one illustration of the scale on which i\Ir. Ste- 
phenson "did things." 

As a man of public affairs Mr. Stephenson was the same undemon- 
strative, somewhat brusque and practical man who made few prom- 
ises, no flourishes, and yet accomplished what was really for the per- 
manent benefit of those who looked to him for assistance. He served 
as the first supervisor of Menominee township and was the first mayor 
of the city. An early member of the county hoard of education, he 
was for many years its chairman; in 1877-8 represented his district 
in the lower house of the state legislature and in 1879-80 and 1885-6 
was a member of the state senate. In 1880 he was a presidential 
elector and ser\'ed as a delegate to the Republican national conven- 
tions of 1884 and 1888. The nest noteworthy evidence of the place 
which he held in public confidence and respect was his election to 
congress from the Twelfth Michigan district and his faithful service 
in the Fifty-first, Fifty-second, Fifty-third and Fifty-fourth congresses. 
He was ever alert and eflfective in advancing the interests of the lake 
region, and as a member of the committee on rivers and harbors was 
a leading and a working advocate of the Hennepin canal project, de- 
signed to connect the great lakes with the Mississippi river. 

Mr. Stephenson was one of the most eminent Masons in the coun- 
try, having received the thirty-third degree at Providence, Rhode 
Island, September 20, 1892. Initiated June 21, 1870, and duly passed 
and raised, he was exalted to a Royal Arch Mason, November 3, 1882, in 
Menominee Chapter, No. 107; received his Knight Templar degree 



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676 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

in Lake Superior Coramandery, No. 30, at Marquette, Michigan, De- 
cember 12, 1882; and was eminent commander of Menominee Com- 
mandery, No. 35, from October 9, 1883, until April 5, 1886. He was 
a personification of Masonry and of practical Christianity in all the 
essentials of life, and the influence of his good works and manly spirit 
is not to be calculated by the finite mind. In 1859 the deceased mar- 
ried Miss Jane Harris, a native of Wales, and of their nine children 
five daughters survive. These members of a once unbroken household 
best know what manner of man be was, but their testimony would be 
so colored with filial and wifely love that it would be pronounced as 
touehingly prejudiced. 

Andeew C. Stephenson. — One of the best known as well as one of 
the most influential residents of Menominee is Andrew C. Stephenson, 
one of the city's real builders. He was born on the banks of the St. Johns 
river in New Brunswick on the 10th of April, 1843, whither his father 
Robert Stephenson, who was bom in the north of Ireland, had gone 
when a young man. The young voyager located on the St. Johns 
river, ten miles above Woodstock, during an early period in that 
community's history, and there he worked at farming and lumbering 
and there also he spent the remainder of his life, dying at the age of 
sixty-eight years. He married a native daughter of New Brunswick, 
Sarah Stephenson, her maiden name being the same as her husband's, 
and she lived to the age of seventy-three years. Of the nine children 
which blessed their union only the following three are now living: 
Andrew C, the immediate subject of this review; Catherine, the wife 
of Thomas Boyer, proprietor of a hotel at Woodstock, New Brunswick ; 
and Mary, the wife of C. S. Nevers, living at Stephenson, Michigan. 

After completing his common school training in New Brunswick 
Andrew C. Stephenson came to Menominee, Michigan, in 1865, and for 
three years was employed in the woods in logging. He was then made 
the superintendent of the logging business of Ludington, Welia and 
Van Sehaiek and held the position for thirty years. At the close of that 
period, in 1901, he became identified in the same capacity with the 
Hon. Samuel M. Stephenson, superintending his nine mile farm until 
in 1907 he retired from an active business life. He has served Men- 
ominee for two terms in its highest office, that of Mayor, was for sev- 
eral terms a member of its board of aldermen, was serving as the 
county road commissioner when the first roads were established in 
Menominee county and built the first road across the county, and 
for three years was a supervisor. His services have been of inestimable 
value to both his chosen city and county, and in turn he has been 
highly honored. lie is a Republican in politics, a Chapter and Com- 
mandery Mason and a member of various other orders and societies here. 

Mr. Stephenson married in 1867 Rhoda Parint, who died in 1872, 
and the two children that graced their union are also deceased. In 
1874 he was united in marriage with Mrs. Philena (Armstrong) Mor- 
ris, and the following three of their four children are living: Sarah, 
the wife of John Stevens ; Mary, wife of E. P. Smith ; and Ferdinand, 
who remains at home. 

Robert M. Weidemann'. — The "twin cities" of Menominee, Michi- 
gan, and Marinette, Wisconsin, can claim no more progressive, enter- 
prising and aggressive business man than is Mr. Weidemann, who 
maintains his home in Menominee and who is secretary and treasurer 
of the Weidemann & Lindem Manufacturing Company, one of the 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 677 

important industrial concerns of this section and one that controls 
an extensive and substantial biisinesa in the manufacturing of sash, 
doors, blinds, mouldings and interior finishings, as well as kitchen 
cabinets, kitchen tables and other specialties of high grade. The 
company also deals in all kinds of lumber at wholesale and retail. 
Mr. Weidemann has been identified with the lumber business from 
his early youth and is familiar with all its details, so that his inter- 
position in connection with the enterprise with which he is now as- 
sociated has inured greatly to its success. He is a reliable and wide- 
awake business man and a citizen to whom is accorded unqualified 
popular confidence and esteem. 

Robert M. Weidemann was born in the historic old city of Dres- 
den, Germany, on the 28th of September, 1871, and is a son of Robert 
H. and Elizabeth (Barrett) Weidemann, the former of whom was 
born in Christiania, Norway, in the year 1827, and the latter of whom 
was born in the state of Ohio. The marriage of the parents was 
solemnized in the city of Saginaw, Michigan, and the father died in 
1883, at Albany, New York, since which time his widow has made 
her home with her children, who accord to her the utmost filial love 
and solicitude. Of the eight children three sons and four daughters 
are now living, and the subject of this review was the third in order 
of birth. Robert H. Weidemann was reared and educated in his 
native land, whence he immigrated to jinierica when a young man, 
and he eventually became one of the extensive lumber men of Mich- 
igan, where he conducted large operations on the Saginaw river and 
its tributaries, at a lime when the lumbering industry in that section 
was at its zenith. He was a man of marked ability, of sterling at- 
tributes of character and of indefatigable industry. He was a Dem- 
ocrat in his political proclivities, his religious faith was that of the 
Episcopal church, of which his widow also is a devout member, and 
in the Masonic fraternity he attained to the thirty-second degree of 
the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite. 

Robert M. Weidemann, whose name introduces this article, was 
born in Germany during a visit of his parents in the city of Dresden, 
and he was an infant of a few months at the time of their return to 
their home in Michigan. After availing himself of the advantages 
of the public schools of the eity of Saginaw he continued his studies 
for three years in the celebrated University of Michigan, at Ann 
Arbor. In 1894, when twenty-three years of age, Mr. Weidemann 
went to Douglas county, Wisconsin, where he identified himself with 
lumbering operations. He remained in the lumber woods about nine 
months, and then went to Onotonagon, this state, in which section he 
was employed in tallying and inspecting lumber for a period of about 
two years. In 1897-8 he was employed in a saw mill at Green Bay, 
Wisconsin, and in March, 1899, he located in Marinette, Wisconsin, 
where he entered the employ of the Sawyer-Goodman Lumber Com- 
pany, with whose interests he was identified until February, 1902, 
when he removed to Menominee and engaged independently in the 
wholesale hardwood lumber business, as senior member of the firm 
of Weidemann & Clough. In 1906 Mr. Weidemann assumed full con- 
trol of the business, which he continued in an individual way until 
January, 1908, when he became one of the interested principals in the 
Weidemann & Lindem Manufacturing Company, of Marinette, Wis- 
consin. This company was organized at that time, as the successor 
of the Marinette Planing Mill Company, and the enterprise was 
established in 1894. The company is incorporated under the laws 



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678 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

of Wisconsin, with a capital stock of sixty-five thousand dollars, and 
it has a large and finely equipped plant, in which are manufactured 
sash, doors, blinds, interior finishings, general mill work, etc. The 
company is also giving special attention to the manufacturing of cab- 
inets and tables for kitchen use, and the excellence of these products 
has brought a trade that more than tests the capacity of the factory. 
The mill work manufactured in this plant is sold over a wide radius 
of country, and the effective service given and the honorable policies 
brought to bear have given to the company an unassailable reputa- 
tion. Of the corporation John A. Lindera, of Marinette, is pres- 
ident; August Garder, of Marinette, vice-president; and Mr. "Weide- 
mann, secretary and treasurer. An extensive wholesale and retail 
trade in all kinds of lumber is likewise controlled by the company, 
and the business is constantly expanding in scope and importance 
under the present effective management. 

Though never a seeker of political office Mr. "Weidemann ever 
shows a loyal interest in public affairs of a local nature and is arrayed 
as a stalwart in the local camp of the Republican party. He is affili- 
ated with Menominee Lodge, No. 269, Free & Accepted Masons; 
Menominee Chapter, No. 107, Royal Arch Masons; and Menominee 
Commandery, No. 35, Knights Templars. 

On the 18th of May, 1901, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Weidemann to Miss Clara M. Stephenson, daughter of the late Hon. 
Samuel M. Stephenson, to whom a memoir is dedicated on other 
pages of this work. The one child of this union is Robert Samuel, 
who was bom on the 29th of December, 1904. 

John H. Riley.— a man of keen foresight, possessing excellent ex- 
ecutive and financial ability, John H. Riley holds a noteworthy position 
among the leading business men of Menominee, being vice-president, treas- 
urer and local manager of the Dormer Company, and manager of the 
Builders & Supply Company, of which he was the promoter. A na- 
tive of Wisconsin, he was born in Manitowoc county, where his father, 
the late Hughen Riley, was a pioneer settler. 

Hughen Riley was born in 1817, in England, where he was reared 
and educated. Emigrating to this country at the age of twenty-five 
years, he came to New York city in a sailing vessel, and for several 
years afterwards worked at the printer's trade in Massachusetts and 
Rhode Island. Desirous of acquiring land of his own, he subsequently 
became one of the early settlers of Manitowoc county, Wisconsin, where 
he purchased a timbered tract of land, from which he cleared and im- 
proved a valuable homestead, living for a number of years in the log 
cabin which he first erected in the wilderness. Loyal to the country 
of his adoption, he enlisted during the Civil war in Company G, Thir- 
ty-second Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, and with his regiment 
marched with General Sherman to the sea. He became prominent in 
public affairs, filling the various township offices, being first identified 
with the Whigs, and later was a stanch supporter of the principles 
of the Republican party. Religiously he was a member of the Church 
of England. He died at Menominee, Michigan, in 1903, at the age of 
eighty-six. His wnfe, whose maiden name was Martha Burges, was 
born in 1820, in England, and died in 1905, at Manitowoc. Seven chil- 
dren were born of their union, and all are now living, John H. being 
the youngest child. 

Brought up on the home farm John II. Riley received excellent 
educational advantages, attending the common schools of Manitowoc 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 679 

and its high sehool. lie subsequently took charge of his father's 
farm for three years, remaining beneath the parental roof-tree until 
1886. Coming in that year to Menominee, Michigan, Mr. Riley was 
tallyman for the Kirby Carpenter Company for two months. In 1887, 
in partnership with Henry Spencer, he embarked in the livery busi- 
ness, operating a livery, feed and sale stable. He also operated mail 
routes from Menominee to Cedar River and from Cedar River to Ste- 
phenson, Michigan, and during the winter season ran stages across the 
ice from Menominee, Michigan, to Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin, continu- 
ing in this business until 1902, in the meantime opening an agricul- 
tural implement business. In 1901 Mr. Riley was one of the organizers 
of The Dormer Company and is now its vice-president, treasurer and 
local manager. This company is carrying on a substantial wholesale 
fish business with offices at Buffalo, New York, Saginaw, Michigan, 
Lake Superior, and at Menominee, its special business being the mar- 
keting of fish. Mr. Riley was also one of the organizers, in 1909, of 
the Menominee Builders and Supply Company, of which he is manager. 
This company handles stone, gravel and sand and manufactures cement, 
and has its own boats for hauling its material to Menominee. He 
was one of the organizers of the Commercial Bank of Menominee, 
Michigan, and has acted as one of its directors since organizing. 

Mr. Riley married. May 1, 1889, Eliza Fulton, an old schoolmate of 
his and one of his childhood playmates. She was bom in Manitowoc, 
Wisconsin.' Her father, George Fulton, was born in New York state, 
and on coming to Wisconsin located in Manitowoc county, Wisconsin 
where he took up land and improved the farm on which he is now 
living, retired from active labor. Mr. Fulton married Nancy Hother- 
sall, who was bom in Yorkshire, England, in 1840, being a descend- 
ant of the original owners of Hothersall Hall. She died on the home 
farm in 1905, leaving five children, of whom Mrs. Riley is the 
youngest. 

In politics Mr. Riley is a sound Republican, uniformly easting his 
vote in favor of that party. He is a member and the vice president 
of the Menominee Commercial Club, one of the foremost business or- 
ganizations of the city. Fraternally he is a member of Menominee 
Lodge, No. 269, F. & A. M. ; of Menominee Chapter, No. 107, R. A. M. ; 
and of Menominee Commandery, No. 35, K. T. 

Abolph E. Guenrbubg. — One of the extensive and ably conducted 
mercantile establishments that lends materially to the prestige of 
Menominee as a city of many metropolitan attractions and facilities 
is the Grand department store, owned and operated by the firm of 
A. E. & E. Guensburg. The firm handles dry goods, cloaks, millinery, 
carpets, clothing, furnishing goods, shoes, household goods, etc., and 
the establishment is one of the most attractive mercantile places in 
Menominee Valley. Basing their operations upon fair dealing and 
honorable business methods, the tirra has built up a trade of wide 
scope and importance and its members are among the reliable and 
progressive business men and popular citizens of this section of the 
state, 

Adolph E. Guensburg, senior member of this firm, was boru near 
the city of Prague, Bohemia, on the 27th of March, 1858, and is a son 
of Herman and Eleanora (Neuman) Guensburg, both of whom passed 
the most part of their lives in Bohemia, where the father's vocation 
was that of a merchant. He whose name initiates this article is in- 
debted to the schools of his native land for his early educational train- 
ing and at the age of seventeen years he severed the ties that bound 



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680 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

him to home and fatherland and emigrated to America, whore he be- 
lieved superior opportunities were afforded for the gaining of inde- 
pendence and definite success through personal effort. He landed in 
New York city on the 6th of July, 1875, and shortly afterward he eame 
west to Wisconsin and located in the city of Oconto, which was then 
a village, where he engaged in the manufacture of cigars. He was 
identified with this line of enterprise about seven months, at the ex- 
piration of which he sold his interest to his partner, Joseph Law, and 
he then removed to Hancock, in the upper peninsula of Michigan, 
where he secured the position of bookkeeper in a wholesale and retail 
meat market of Baer Brothers, with which firm he remained for a 
period of three years. At the expiration of this time he engaged in 
the produce commission business in the city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 
and about six months later, in 1880, he opened a general store at 
Florence, that state, where he continued in successful business until 
1893. Within this interval he also identified himself with other and 
numerous business interests and for a time had an office in Chicago. 
He operated particularly in the handling and exploiting of various 
patent rights. In 1883-93 he devoted much time and attention to the 
development of iron mining interests in Northern Wisconsin and 
Michigan and became one of the organizers of the Caledonia Mining 
Company, of which he was secretary and treasurer. The interests of 
this corporation were later taken by the Mansfield Mining Company. 
The properties at present are owned by the Oliver Mining' Company. 
Mr. Guensburg and others located and initiated the Bohemia Explo- 
ration, also at the order of the Mansfield Mining Company, in Iron 
county, Michigan. They were compelled to shut the dam at that point 
in order to move the machinery across the Michigamme River, and 
when the river bed was nearly done some men employed at the Cale- 
donia discovered a .deposit of iron in the bank of the river on the 
Caledonia side and the subject of this review was the third to discover 
the free iron ore, in 1891. Mr. Guensburg was also manager of sev- 
eral other mining companies, operating in Iron and Dickinson coun- 
ties, Michigan, Florence county, Wisconsin, and in the state of Wash- 
ington. Ill addition to the large and well-equipped general store at 
Florence, Wisconsin, Mr. Guensbui^ also maintained branch stores at 
Crystal Palls and Iron River, Michigan. He disposed of the last branch 
establishments in 1893, in which year he removed to Menominee and 
established a department store. In 1893 the title of the Grand Depart- 
ment Store was adopted, and in the conducting of the same Mr. Guens- 
burg is associated with his younger brother, Emil, of whom specific 
mention is made on other pages of this work. This is one of the largest 
department stores in the entire upper peninsula of Michigan, and its 
trade is drawn from a wide section of the country normally tributary 
to the twin cities of Menominee and Marinette. While a resident of 
Florence, Wisconsin, Mr. Guensburg was a member of the directorate of 
the Florence State Bank, and was the owner of a large amount of val- 
uable timber land in Florence county, Wisconsin, and in Forest, 
Gogebic, Houghton and Iron Counties, Michigan. He is at present one 
of the stockholders in the Menominee River Sugar Company, whose 
finely equipped plant is located in the city of Menominee. At all times 
Mr. Guensburg shows a lively interest and is ready to lend his co-opera- 
tion in the promotion and support of industrial and commercial enter- 
prises that tend to conserve the progress and upbuilding of his home 
city. He is known as an enterprising business man and essentially loyal 
citizen and he commands unqualified esteem in the community in which 
he has elected to center his interests. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 681 

Mr. Guensburg was one of the organizers of the Menominee Com- 
mercial Club, of which he was the first treasurer, and he is now a 
member of this fine civic organization, lie was the first to be ini- 
tiated in Florence Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, at Florence, 
Wisconsin. He has attained to the thirty-second degree in the Ancient 
Accepted Scottish Site Masons, in which he holds membership in 
Michigan Sovereign Consistory, Sublime Princes of the Royal Secret, 
in the city of Detroit, where he is also affiliated with Moslem Temple, 
Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. In politics 
he is a staunch Republican. 

David Brown.— It is pleasing to be able to give recognition in this 
historical compilation to so many of the sterling pioneers, who have 
been closely identified with the material and civic development and 
upbuilding of the various counties of the Upper Peninsula, and in this 
category David Brown, one of the best known and most highly es- 
, teemed citizens of Sault Ste. Marie, is to be given honorable classifica- 
tion. He has maintained his home in Chippewa county for nearly 
forty years and within this interval has witnessed and assisted in the 
upbuilding of this section from the status of a practical wilderness to 
that of a well settled and opulent portion of the Wolverine common- 
wealth. He is now engaged in the real estate business, and he is the 
owner of valuable properties in the northwest and southwest, as well 
as in his home city and county. 

There are many salient points of interest in both the personal and 
ancestral history of David Brown, but within a sketch of the limits 
prescribed for the one at hand it is possible to enter only the briefest 
of details. Mr. Brown was horn in Strathroy, province of Ontario, 
Canada, on the 24th of September, 1850, and is a son of Francis and 
Permelia (Moore) Brown, the former of whom was born in Scotland, 
in 1814, and the latter in the province of Ontario, in 1825. The death 
of the father occurred in 1881 and his wife survived him by fully a 
score of years, as she was summoned to eternal rest in the year 1901. 
Her mother was the first cousin of General Andrew Jackson. Wil- 
liam Moore, maternal grandfather of Mr. Brown, was one of the pio- 
neer lumber men on the St. Lawrence river. Of the six children of 
Francis and Permelia Brown two sons and two daughters are now 
living, — William is a resident of Cheboygan, Michigan. James resides 
on the old homestead farm in Middlesex county, Ontario ; Elizabeth is 
the wife of Charles Mortimer of Melvin, Michigan. Francis Brown 
was born in Scotland, as already noted, and was a mere boy at the 
lime when his parents, David and Elizabeth Brown, immigrated to 
the Dominion of Canada. His father, who was a weaver by trade, 
first located in Prescott, Ontario, and he later removed to Middlesex 
county, where he died soon afterward, being the first person to be 
buried in his neighborhood, as he had settled in the forest and pur- 
chased land, with the intention of developing a farm. His death oc- 
curred in 1832 and his wife, who survived him by several years, was 
laid to rest by his side. They became the parents of five sons and two 
daughters and of the children Francis was the second in order of birth. 

Francis Brown received somewhat meagre educational advantages 
owing to the exigencies existing in the pioneer community, in which 
he was reared, and he was eighteen years of age at the time of his 
father's death. By the Canadian laws of entailment he was heir to 
his father's estate but he generously assigned his right to the same 
to his younger brother, who still remains on the old homestead farm. 



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682 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF JIICHIGAN 

He purchased a tract of wild land adjoining the parental homestead 
which eventually became one oi the valuable farms of Middlesex 
county, where he was long a citizen of prominence and influence in 
the community and where both he and his wife continued to reside 
until their death. 

David Brown, the immediate subject of this review, was reared to 
the sturdy discipline of the pioneer farm and his early educational 
privileges were limited to the somewhat primitive schools of the lo- 
cality and period. He continued to attend school during the winter 
terms until fifteen years of age, and at the age of eighteen years he 
secured the position of driving a team of horses in the handling of 
oil at Petrol, Canada, for which service he received fifteen dollars per 
month. In 1871 his adventurous spirit led him to set forth for the 
far distant and then sparsely settled district of Manitoba, Canada. 
He proceeded as far as Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, and here the at- 
tractions proved suiRcient to cause him to establish a permanent resi- 
dence. He has excellent mechanical ability and after locating in the 
little village of Sault Ste. Marie he engaged in the work of the car- 
penter's trade. He became a successful contractor and builder and 
continued to be identified with this line of enterprise until 1876. He 
then entered one hundred and sixty acres of government land in Soo 
township, three miles distant from Sault Ste. Marie, and after erect- 
ing a modest house on the place he and his family there took up their 
residence. He reclaimed the land from the virgin forest and even- 
tually added another tract of one hundred and sixty acres to his resi- 
dent homestead. He cleared the greater portion of his land and 
brought it into effective cultivation, besides which he made upon the 
same the best of improvements of a permanent order. He continued 
to reside Upon the farm until 1887, when he returned to Sault Ste. 
Marie, which city has since represented his home and here he has 
given his attention principally to the real-estate business. He still 
owns his farm as well as other valuable real-estate in Sault Ste. Marie 
and other sections of the country. In 1898, at the time of the gold 
excitement in the Yukon region, Mr, Brown made a visit to Alaska, 
where he remained about eighteen months, at the expiration of which 
he returned to his home in Michigan. In 1906 he went to the state of 
Wyoming, where he made judicious investments in city property and 
farm lands, and in the following year he went to southwestern Texas, 
where he purchased land lying in and contiguous to the city of Corjjus 
Christi. In politics Mr. Brown is a staunch Republican and during 
the long years of his residence in Chippewa county he has never failed 
in his loyalty and public spirit as a citizen. He has achieved definite 
and worthy success and is one of the substantial capitalists of this 
section of the "upper country." In the Masonic fraternity his aflilia- 
tions are here noted: Bethel Lodge, No. 358, Free & Accepted Masons; 
Sault Ste. Marie Chapter, No. 126, Royal Arch Masons; Sault Ste. 
Marie Chapter, No. 126, Royal Arch Masons; Sault Ste. Marie Council, 
No. 69, Royal & Select Masters; Sault Ste. Marie Commandery, No. 
45, Knights Templars; and Ahmed Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of 
the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, in the city of Marquette. He is a 
member of the Methodist church. 

On the 13th of September, 1874, was celebrated the marriage of 
Mr, Brown to Miss Isabella Adams, who was born and reared in Chip- 
pewa county, Michigan, and who is a daughter of Anthony and Edith 
(Rains) Adams, who are numbered among the sterling pioneers of 
this county. Mr. Adams was bom in Durham county, England, and 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 683 

his wife in the province of Ontario, Canada. Of their seven children, 
six of whom are daughters, Mrs. Brown is the eldest and all are still 
living. Mr. Adams came to America when a young man and devoted 
the major portion of his active career as railroad and marine engineer, 
having been a skilled machinist. Mr. and Mrs. Brown became the 
parents of nine children, of whom two died in infancy and concerning 
■ the others the following brief record is given, — Retta remains at the 
parental home ; Lawrence H. was graduated in the law department 
of the University of Michigan in 1901 and is now engaged in the prac- 
tice of his profession in the city of Spokane, "Washington ; James A., 
who was graduated in the University of Michigan as a mechanical 
engineer, is now assistant superintendent of the Gas & Electric Works, 
in the city of Grand Rapids, this state ; Mazie is the wife of George 
Baldwin of Sault Ste. Marie; Edna, who was graduated in Alma Col- 
lege, at Alma, Michigan, is now a successful and popular teacher in 
the public schools of Teeumseh, this state; Ruth is a member of the 
class of 1911 in the high school of her home city; and David, Jr.. is 
likewise a student in the public schools. 

ALt'RED P. Snyder, M. D., who occupies a prominent position among 
the leading members of the medical profession of Escanaba, Michi- 
gan, has been a practitioner here for nearly a dozen years. Doctor 
Snyder is a native of Wisconsin. He was born on his father's farm 
near Janesville, October 24, 1855, and there passed his boyhood and 
early youth. His father, Spencer Snyder, was a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, born near Reading, where he was reared, and from whence, 
about 1848, he came west to Wisconsin and settled near Janesville. 
His life was passed as a fanner, and he died at the age of iifty-seven 
years. As far as known, he was the only one of his family to leave 
the "Keystone State." He married Mary M. Silverthorn, a native of 
New Jersey and a daughter of Nichols and Margaret Silverthorn, also 
natives of that state. The Silverthoras were among the pioneers of 
Wisconsin, where the grandparents of our subject lived to ripe old 
age and died. His mother died on her seventy-ninth birthday. In 
the Snyder family were seven sons and two daughters, all of whom 
grew to maturity, the Doctor being the sixth son and seventh born. 
Five of the sons, John L., Ira B., Benjamin P., William R., and Nich- 
ols F.. were in the Civil war, four as drummers and one as a fifer. 
After a service of three years, three of the boys, John, Ira and Benja- 
min, re-enlisted for the rest of the war. At the Battle of Bull Run 
John was wounded in the hip, from the effects of which he died in 
the army. The others returned home after the war was over. Ira 
and William are still living. 

Alfred F. Snyder remained at the home farm until he was fourteen 
years old. Then he started out to make his own way in the world ; he 
worked at whatever he could find to do, and for a few years was 
variously employed. All his leisure time he spent in study, and at 
eighteen he qualified as teacher. Then by teaching he paved his way 
to the medical profession. In 1884, he graduated at Rush Medical 
College, Chicago, and following his graduation he practiced his pro- 
fession in Chicago for five years, going from there to Barahoo, Wis- 
consin, where he remained until 1898. That year he came to Michi- 
gan, and at Escanaba established himself in a practice that he has 
continued up to the present time. Here he has served as Health Officer 
and City Physician, and in other ways has been prominently identified 
with the best interests of the town, having been a member of the 



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684 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Escanaba Board of Education at the time of the erection of the High 
School building. He has membership in the Delta County, Upper 
Peninsula, State, and American Medical societies, and in the first two 
named has been honored with the office of president. 

May 6, 1885, Dr. Snyder married Miss Laura Booth, a daughter 
of Dr. C. E. Booth of Elroy, "Wisconsin, who was for a time located 
at Escanaba as physician for the C. N, V. R. R. Dr. Booth died in , 
1907. The children of this union are two daughters, Alfa Lovida and 
Marie, the former being the wife of James A. Mackillican, superin- 
tendent of the Michigan-Montana Development Company in Montana. 
Mr. and Mrs. Mackillican have a little daughter, Laura Jane. 

Fraternally, Doctor Snyder is identified with the K. 0. T. M., the 
K. of P. and the F. and A. M. In Masonry he has received the Knight 
Templar degree and is a member of the Mystic Shrine. 

John T. McNamaka. — Well and favorably known as an active and 
influential citizen of Houghton, John T. McNamara has been identified 
with many important enterprises in this section of the state, and has 
rendered the county valuable service in an official capacity. A son of 
Edward McNamara, he was born, in March, 1868, in McKillop township, 
, Huron county, province of Ontario, Canada. 

A native of the province of Quebec, Canada, Edward McNamara was 
born in Buckingham, Three Rivers district, and was there reared and 
educated. Arriving at man's estate, he started westward in search of a 
favorable location, going to Huron county, which was then a wooded 
country. Becoming an early settler of MeKillop township, he purchased 
a tract of heavily timbered land, and immediately commenced the pio- 
neer labor of redeeming a farm from the wilderness. He cleared quite 
a large part of his land, and in addition to tilling the soil he made a busi- 
ness of preparing timber for the British market. He was quite success- 
ful in his operations, erecting a good set of frame buildings, and adding 
other improvements of value, continuing his residence there until 1891. 
Renting his farm in that year, he came to the Upper Peninsula, entered 
the employ of the well known lumbermen, Piatt Brothers, and has since 
been a resident of Houghton. He married Marian Taylor, who was born 
in Greenoch, Scotland, and came to America with her parents, Archibald 
and Margaret (McAlpine) Taylor, who were pioneer settlers of Morris 
township, Huron county, Ontario, Canada. Three children blessed their 
union, namely: John T., Peter A, and Catherine. 

Reared and educated in Huron county, Canada, John T. McNamara 
came from there to Houghton county, Michigan, in 1890, and the follow- 
ing year was in the employ of Flatt Brothers, lumber manufacturers and 
dealers. He was afterwards with James Haley a few months, later work- 
ing for Matthew Van Order until appointed under sheriff, a position in 
which he served eight years, being four years with Sheriff Dunn and 
four years with Sheriff Lane. Mr. McNamara then became one of the 
promoters of the Amphidrome, which he assisted in building, and of 
which he has since been the manager. He is also secretary of the Hough- 
ton County Agricultural Society and secretary and treasurer of the 
Houghton County Poultry Association. 

Fraternally Mr. McNamara is a member of Houghton Lodge, No. 218, 
P. & A. M. ; of Gate of the Temple Chapter, No. 25, R. A. M. ; of Pales- 
tine Commandery, K. T. ; of Ahmed Temple, A. A. O, N. M. S. ; and of 
Columbia Lodge, No. 144, K. of P. In politics Mr. McNamara is a stanch 
Repubhcan, and has served as a member of the Village Council. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 685 

Matt N. Smith, cashier of Eseanaba National Bank, was born in 
Watertown, Wisconsin, February 16, 1872, and is a son of Christopher 
and Mary (Collins) Smith. Christopher Smith, a son of Irish parents, 
was born in Lowell, Massachusetts, and went to Wisconsin as one of 
the pioneers, in 1842, and still resides there. His wife is a daughter of 
David Collins, one of the early settlers of Wisconsin, and she died when 
about forty-five years of age. They were parents of four sons and four 
daughters, all living at this writing. Matt being the sixth child and 
third son. 

The boyhood of Matt Smith was spent in his native place, where he 
received his early education ; later he attended the University of Notre 
Dame, at South Bend, Indiana, from which he was graduated in 1889. 
In 1890 he became mailing clerk in the postoffice at Soo, and 
in 1891 removed to Houghton, Michigan, where he served for a 
time as assistant post master. He located next at Norway, Michigan, 
where he was assistant postmaster for a year and a half. Mr. Smith 
came to Eseanaba in 1894, and was employed as bookkeeper in the 
Bank of Eseanaba. In 1899 he engaged in men's furnishing business, 
and March 1, 1901, accepted the position of cashier of the Bank of Es- 
eanaba. In December, 1906, the bank was reorganized, becoming the 
Eseanaba National Bank, of which Mr. Smith became cashier, which 
position he still holds. 

Mr. Smith has been a resident of the Northern Peninsula nearly 
twenty years and is well known. He takes an active interest in local 
affairs, and has business interests outside of the bank. He is a stock- 
holder and treasurer of the Eseanaba Traction Company and a mem- 
ber of the Business Men's Association of Eseanaba. He is well known 
and stands high in the estimation of all, is an enterprising and public- 
spirited citizen, and has a large circle of friends. In June, 1901, Mr. 
Smith married Mary, daughter of J. K. and Anna (Brown) Stack, and 
they have one son, John Stack, 

Knute SeIjFrkd Markstrl'm.— A man of sterling integrity and worth, 
strong in his convictions and progressive in his views, Knute S. Mark- 
strum, of Bessemer, Gogebic county, has long been actively and promi- 
ninently identified with the public affairs of Michigan and Wisconsin, 
ably filling positions of trust and responsibility. A son of the late Dan- 
iel Markstrum, he was bom, February 18, 1854, at No. 28, Riddar Gatan, 
Stockholm, Sweden, and spent his boyhood days in his native city. 

Daniel Markstrum was born at Pitea in Northern Sweden. He at- 
tended school regularly when young, and subsequently served an ap- 
prenticeship at the mason's trade in Stockholm, where he resided until 
1866. Coming then with his family to the United Statas, he followed 
his trade at Jamestown, New York, for four years, and then he 
moved to Titusville, Pennsylvania, where he lived three years. The 
following two years he was a resident of Ishpeming, Michigan, from 
there going in 1875 to Oshkosh, Wisconsin, where he spent three 
months. Locating then in Wausau, Wisconsin, he remained there, an 
honored and respected resident, until his death, in March, 1908, at the 
advanced age of four score years. He married Catharine Kellberg, who 
was bom in Finland, but when a child crossed the river with her parents 
into northern Sweden, and there, in the Land of the Midnight Sun, grew 
to womanhood. She died, in Wausau, Wisconsin, in 1907. To her and 
her husband ten children were born, all dying in childhood except 
Knute S'., Daniel, Gustave, Signa and Agnes. The latter died at the 
age of twenty-three years, Daniel Markstrum. the first-born, was a 



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686 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

great reader, very patriotic, and while young became very much in- 
terested in the progress of the Civil war in the United States, his 
sympathies with the Union army being so aroused that in 1865 he 
crossed the ocean, and on arriving in New York enlisted in the Union 
army, went south, and was presumably killed on the field of battle, 
having never again been heard from. 

Having laid a firm foundation for his future education in the 
schools of Stockholm, Knute S. Markstrum completed his ediication in 
Jamestown, New York, as a good linguist, being familiar with the 
German, Swedish and English languages. Learning the painter's 
trade when young, he followed it a number of years with success. In- 
terested in public matters from his youth up, he became a zealous 
supporter of the principles of the Republican party from the day of 
his arrival in Jamestown, New York, and in 1868 was selected as presi- 
dent of the Jamestown High School Grant & Colfax Club, and for many 
years afterward took a prominent part in political campaigns. Mr. 
Markstrum was appointed U. S. census enumerator for the city of 
Wausau in 1880, and later, by President Garfield, deputy revenue col- 
lector for the northern district of Wisconsin, and served until the ad- 
ministration of Cleveland. In 1886 he came to Bessemer, Michigan, to 
engage in mercantile pursuits, and in 1888 he stumped the Upper Pe- 
ninsula and Northern Michigan for President Harrison. In 1889 Mr. 
Markstrum was appointed postmaster at Bessemer, and served effi- 
ciently for five years in that capacity. He has served four years as a 
member of the Bessemer Board of Public Works and for two terms as 
supervisor. While in Wausau, Wisconsin, he was likewise prominent 
in public matters, serving as a member of the city council, and as 
county supervisor. Although for so many years a stanch Republican, 
Mr. Markstrum differed from his party in regard to the acquisition of 
new territory, and is now independent in politics, easting his vote in 
favor of what he deems the best men and measures, regardless of party 
prejudices. 

Mr. Markstrum was married, November 22, 1899, to Emma Hoff- 
man, who was bom at Ripon, Wisconsin, but reared to womanhood at 
Bib Falls in Marathon county. Mr. and Mrs. Markstrom had one son, 
Freddie Markstrum, who died in 1907, and he lies buried in the family 
lot at Forest Home cemetery, Wausau, Wisconsin. 

John Poweb — A powerful representative of the legal profession 
and a politician who has taken more- than an ordinary interest in public 
affairs as an ardent supporter of the principles and policies of the . 
Democratic party, at Eseanaba, Delta county, Michigan, is John Power, 
who was bom in the City of Waterford, Ireland, the date of his birth 
being July 13, 1846. He is a son of Matthew Power, who was also 
bom Jn Waterford, Ireland, in the year 1802. Matthew Power re- 
ceived a good educational training in his youth and he was 
brought up in the faith of the Catholic religion. His wife, whose maiden 
name was Bridget Veale, was likewise bom in Waterford, the year of 
her nativity being 1810; she too was well educated and a Catholic. Mr. 
and Mrs. Power became the parents of nine children and of the num- 
ber four are now living, John, of this sketch, having been the fifth in 
order of birth. The father was summoned to the life eternal in 1874, 
and his cherished and devoted wife passed away in 1884. The paternal 
grandfather of him to whom this sketch is dedicated was John Power, 
of Portlaw, Ireland, and the maternal grandfather, Patrick Veale, of 
Waterford, Ireland. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 687 

John Power, of this review, immigrated to the United States in the 
year 1863, he being the first of the family to come to this country. 
He first located at New York, and there enlisted in the Seventeenth New 
York Volunteers. After the close of the Civil war, Mr. Power engaged 
in the work of teaching for four years, after which he took up the 
study of law. He was admitted to the Bar of the State of Michigan 
in 1872 and was admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the 
United States in 1892. He entered upon the practice of his profession 
in 1872 and has been continuously engaged therein through the long 
intervening years to the present time, in 1911. In 1881 he located at 
EscKnaba, Michigan, where, as well as throughout the state, he is recog- 
nized as a versatile trial lawyer and as a skilled and well fortified coun- 
selor. His clientele is of a general nature and he has been prominently 
concerned in many important litigations in the State and Federal 
Courts. In polities he has ever been aligned as a stalwart supporter of 
the principles and policies of the Democratic party, in the local and 
state councils of which he has long been a most active factor. He waa 
village and City Attorney of Cahimet and Escanaba for some fifteen 
years and was also prosecuting attorney of Keweenaw and Manitou 
counties. In 1894 he was appointed United States Attorney for the 
Western district of Michigan, remaining incumbent of that position for 
over four years. He was candidate of his party for representative in 
Congress from the ninth, eleventh and twelfth filichigan districts on 
five different occasions but failed of election in the ensuing campaigns 
on account of the normal Republican majority in this section of the 
state, though always running ahead of his ticket. He was district dele- 
gate to the Democratic National Conventions of 1880, 1884 and 1892 and 
was delegate at large from Jlichigan to the National Convention of 1904. 
He was also the candidate of his party for elector at large of president 
and vice-president in 1888. 

Mr. Power was a member and president of the Board of Education 
of Escanaba for ten years and was County Superintendent of schools. 
He has also been secretary of the Board of School Examiners and in 
every possible way has shown his interest in all things pertaining to the 
general advancement of educational matters in the old Wolverine State. 
He is a man of high ideals and generous impulses and is ever on the qui 
vive to do good in both a public and an individual way. In religion 
he has always been Catholic and is intimately affiliated with that church ; 
he is a man of many friends and his charity knows only the bounds of 
his opportunities. His intrinsic devotion and patriotism to the land 
of his adoption was shown by his gallant service, when not much more 
than a mere boy, as a soldier in the Union ranks in the Civil war. He 
enlisted as a private in Company A, Seventeenth New York Infantry 
in May, 1863, and after participating in many important conflicts mark- 
ing the progress of the war, including the memorable march of Sher- 
man's army to the sea, he was mustered out of service on the 19th of 
June, 1865. Mr. Power retains a deep and abiding interest in his old 
comrades in arms and signifies the same by membership in the C, F. 
Smith Post, Grand Army of the Republic, in which he is present Post 
Commander. He is also affiliated with the Knights of Columbus, in 
which he was grand knight for nine years. 

On the 30th of September, 1868, at Cliff, Michigan, was celebrated 
the marriage of Mr. Power to Miss Elizabeth Corgan, who is a daughter 
of Charles and Mary Corgan, the former of whom was in the service of 
the United States light-house establishment on the Great Lakes for fully 
thirty years. Mrs. Power received an excellent education in her youth 



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688 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

and is a woman oi the utmost graciousness and refinement. Coneem- 
ing the children of Mr. and Mrs. Power, the following brief data are 
here incorporated: 

Walter J. Power, who was bom at Copper Harbor, Michigan, March 
30, 1870, is a lawyer and a mining operator, with business headquarters 
at Hibbing, Minnesota. He married Miss Dottie O'Conneil. Catherine 
is also a resident of Hib.bing, Minnesota. Patrick S., who is engaged in 
the practice of law at Menominee, Michigan, married Miss Nina Doton, 
Eseanaba, Michigan. May Frances, of Chicago, Illinois, is also married. 
Roseoe B. is a dentist at Green Bay, Wisconsin. Matthew h., who is a 
doctor, is engaged in the practice of his profession at Hancock, Michi- 
gan. Victor L. is a prominent lawyer at Hibbing, Minnesota. Patricia, 
who is the wife of George Wink, resides in Sioux City, Iowa. Mr. Power 
is still engaged in the active practice of his profession. 

Wabhen S. Caepentee. — There is no need for conjecture or uncer- 
tainty in determining as to the value and success of the work thus far 
accomplished by this honored and public-spirited business man of Me- 
nominee, where his interests are of wide scope and importance and 
where he stands exponent of enlightened and loyal citizenship and 
where he has utilized his splendid powers and ability to a goodly end. 
Jjooking into the clear perspective of his career, there may be seen the 
strong line of courage, persistence, determination and self-confidence, 
along which alone is definite success attained. Menominee has reason 
to take pride in claiming him as a citizen, even if consideration is 
taken of nothing further than his great work in connection with the 
establishing of the new Menominee Hotel, which is one of the finest 
ajid most admirably conducted in the northwest. 

Warren S. Carpenter was bom at Pike, Wyoming county. New 
York, on the 15th of December, 1853, and is a son of William 0. and 
Lucetta (Spencer) Carpenter. The father was likewise a native of the 
old Empire state, where he was born on the 17th of October, 1823, and 
he passed the closing years of his life in Menominee, Michigan, where 
he died on the 10th of November, 1906. His wife, who was born 
and reared in the same state as was he himself, was summoned to the 
life eternal in 1891, and of the two children of this union, the subject of 
this sketch is the elder; the younger, Frederick I., is a member of the 
faculty of the great University of Chicago, and resides in Barrington, 
Illinois. 

William Oscar Carpenter was reared with the sturdy discipline of 
the old homestead farm in Wyoming county. New York, and his father, 
Alvin A. Carpenter, moved from that state to the historic old West- 
ern Reserve in Ohio in the early sixties. In 1850 William O. Carpen- 
ter went to California, having been lured to the new Eldorado by the 
memorable discovery of gold in the preceding year. He made the 
voyage in a sailing vessel by way of the Isthmus of Panama, and in 
California he was identified with gold-mining operations until 1852, 
when he returned to the state of New York, where his marriage was 
solemnized in that year. He then returned to California, where he 
continued to be identified with mining operations and the merchan- 
dise business until 1856. In that year he took up his residence in 
Elmira, New York, where he established himself in the mercantile 
business and in the following year, 1857, he came to Wisconsin and 
located in Monroe, Green county, where three years later he became 
associated with his brother August in the mercantile business. In 1861 
he took a caravan of horses overland to California and in 1863 he en- 



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THE NORTHREN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 689 

gaged in the lumber bizsiiiess in the city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, be- 
coming associated in this enterprise with the late Abner A. Kirby and 
the late Samuel N. Stephenson, under the Ann name of Kirby, Car- 
penter & Company. This concern had much to do with the develop- 
ment of the great lumber industry in the Upper Peninsula of Michi- 
gan, and operated a large and well equipped saw mill at Menominee. 
William 0, Carpenter during most of this time maintained his home 
in Chicago, where he had large interests, but he passed his summers 
in Menominee from 1887 until his death. The concern of which he 
was a member, still continued extensive lumber operations in this sec- 
tion up to 1907 and the business was incorporated in 1874 under the 
title of The Kirby Carpenter Company. William O. Carpenter was 
one of the organizers of the Lumbermen's Mining Company, which is 
the better part of the Chapin at the present time. This corporation 
was prominently identified with the iron mining industry in the Up- 
per Peninsula. Its mines are located at Iron Mountain. Mr. Carpen- 
ter was also organizer of the Iron Mountain Electric Company, at 
'Iron Mountain, Michigan, and of the Menominee Street Railway 
Company. Under his efficient generalship both of these corporations 
installed well equipped systems which contributed materially to the 
metropolitan facilities of the two cities in which they operated and 
which proved of inestimable value in affording urban transportation. 
His productive energies knew no limitations and every enterprise 
that tended to advance the welfare and upbuilding of the sections in 
which his interests centered, received his earnest and faithful co- 
operation. He was one of the organizers of the Lumbermen's Na- 
tional Bank of Menominee, in which he continued as a stockholder 
until his death. In 1880 he purchased a large tract of land in South 
Dakota and forthwith initiated the development of the same. He 
later added to his holdings in that state until his landed estate there 
comprised an area of about fifteen thousand acres. There he gave 
special attention to the breeding of high grade cattle, principally of 
the short-horn Durham and polled Angus type. He also attained a 
wide reputation as a breeder of Percheron horses. He was one of 
the first to utilize artesian wells in South Dakota, and from wells 
that were constructed by him was derived sufficient water to make 
an attractive lake on his property. His identification with the lum- 
ber industry was not confined to northern Michigan and Wisconsin, 
for as early a.s 1877 he purchased a large tract of pine timber land in 
Louisiana. Mr. Carpenter was numbered among the best known and 
most influential business men of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, was 
especially active in the promotion of enterprises tending to advance 
the civic and material welfare of the eity of Menominee, and ever 
commanded the implicit confidence and respect of all who knew him. 
His name merits an enduring place upon the roll of those sterling 
citizens who have made this section of the Wolverine state forge to 
the front as an eligible place for residence and the exploiting of mani- 
fold lines of industry. Though never a seeker of public office, he ac- 
corded a staunch allegiance to the Republican party. 

Warren S'. Carpenter has well upheld the prestige of the honored 
name which he bears and he today ranks among the leading busi- 
ness men of the Upper Peninsula. He received his early educational 
discipline in the public schools of the city of Chicago, and after a 
course in the high school he began working at the carpenter's 
trade, in_1871. In 1874 he identified himself with the meat-packing 
business in that city, and he continued to be identified with the same 



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690 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIOAN 

until 1885. In the following year he came to Menominee and be- 
came prominently concerned with the lumber industry, with which 
he was associated thereafter until 1894, when he established himself 
in the dairy business in Menominee county, in connection with which 
he became a large and successful breeder of full-blood Holstein 
cattle and standard-bred horses. In 1897 he shipped to Guatemala, 
Central America, a car load of his fine Holstein cattle and in the 
following year he exported to Japan two ear loads of the same 
blooded stock, this being the first exportation to Japan. His stock 
farm attained a high reputation and the sales mentioned were made 
after personal visits to his farm had been made by representatives 
of the countries mentioned. He owned a three-year-old Holstein hei- 
fer which secured first prize at a fair of the Holstein Association of 
America. From the milk of this animal eighty-seven pounds of but- 
ter were made in thirty days. The standard- bred mare that was 
raised by him and that attained a high reputation on the turf was 
"Florence "Wilton" and she made a trial heat of one mile in 2:06^, 
besides which he bred many other fine trotting horses. 

On the 1st of August, 1908, Mr. Carpenter purchased the hotel 
building erected in Menominee by the late Samuel N. Stephenson, 
and he has remodeled this property and made it one of the finest 
hotels not only in the Upper Peninsula but also in the Northwest, its 
reputation being such as to attract to it a large and appreciative 
patronage. He is also the owner of a lai^e amount of very valuable 
realty in the city of Menominee as well as in other cities and various 
other states. He has never cared to enter the arena of practical 
politics, but is essentially public-spirited, as even the foregoing state- 
ments indicate, and his support is given to the cause of the Repub- 
lican party. 

On the 10th of March, 1887, was solemnized the marriage of Mr, 
Carpenter to Miss Elizabeth Armstrong, who was born and reared in 
Menominee, and who is a daughter of the late Hiram Armstrong, 
long a representative citizen of this city. The two children of this 
union are William Spencer and Florence Lueetta. In conclusion of 
this sketch is entered the following excerpt from an article published 
in the Menominee Herald-Leadsr at the time when Mr. Carpenter 
purchased the hotel property mentioned. He has since made the best 
of improvements upon the hotel and it is now one of the distinctive 
attractions of Menominee. 

Menominee's roll of honor, made up of the men of wealth and 
enterprise who back their views of Menominee's future with open 
poeketbooks and level heads, contains well up towards the top the 
name of "Warren S. Carpenter. Mr, Carpenter is a man of few words 
but many enterprises. His counsel and his money are a part of 
nearly every one of the industrial propositions that are so rapidly 
making Menominee well known as a good town growing better with 
giant strides. He takes the view, which is shared by hustlers like 
C. I. Cook, August Spies, John Henes, John "W. "Wells, Leo C. Har- 
mon, "William Holmes and many others, that money made in Me- 
nominee may well be reinvested in the industrial city which is sup- 
planting the lumber town. 

Mr. Carpenter bought the hotel and will make it the best in the 
west, not to make a great return from the investment, but to give 
Menominee first place in this regard. He will spare nothing in ac- 
complishing his purpose, and it is a compliment to him that no one 
doubts that when he has completed his work the new Menominee 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 691 

hotel will be in a class by itself. We believe the financial returns 
will quickly follow, giving to Mr. Carpenter a double satisfaction in 
his new enterprise. 

Augustus Alvord Carpenter, one of the founders of the vast lum- 
ber trade of Chicago and the northwest and a citizen who for more than 
forty-flve years has also been a practical supporter of the higher life of 
the western metropolis, is now retired from business, and in his eighty- 
third year he is justly entitled to the rest and recreation of a successful, 
veteran and honored member of the coramimity. Mr. Carpenter has 
had the wisdom to devote much of his time and means to the further- 
ance of those municipal reforms which, in spite of all outside detrac- 
tions, have maintained the standing of Chicago as an advanced metropo- 
lis of the world. He has been thereby wise, for he has added to his 
remarkable business career the honor of disinterested and elevated citi- 
zenship. 

Augustus Alvord Carpenter is a native of Chateaugay, Franklin 
county, New York, born on the 8th of June, 1825, son of Alanson and 
Guiaelma (Nichols) Carpenter. His earlier years were spent upon the 
home farm and in the district schools of his neighborhood, and at the 
age of seventeen he commenced a career extending over a decade, which 
was an experimental period of his life devoted to fanning and general 
merchandising in the Empire state. In 1852, with his brother, he joined 
the California gold seekers by the ocean and isthmus route. While on 
the coast for three years he engaged both in mining and trading, most 
of this period being spent at Rose's bar on the Yuba river near Marys- 
ville. In 1855 he returned to the east, and soon afterward settled at 
Monroe, Wisconsin, where he was engaged in the dry goods and cattle 
business for the succeeding four years. 

When the effects of the panic of 1857 had virtually subsided, Mr. 
Carpenter entered into the field of operations of which for so many 
years he was one of the great masters of the northwest. In 1859, witii 
his brother, William 0., he established a retail lumber yard at Monroe, 
and in the following year the two purchased an interest in the business 
of Kirby and Stephenson, who were then operating a mulay mill at 
Menominee, Michigan, and a retail yard at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, The 
members of the original firm were Abner Kirby, a pioneer of the Cream 
City, and S, M. Stephenson, of Menominee, who afterward became one 
of the largest lumber men in the northwest and very prominent in 
Michigan polities. The addition of the Carpenter brothers changed the 
firm name to Kirby, Carpenter & Company, which in 1872 was incor- 
porated under the Illinois laws as "The Kirby-Carpenter Company," 
and notwithstanding that Mr. Kirby withdrew in 1880, the corporate 
name remains the same and Ai^ustus A. Carpenter is still president of 
the company. The original mill at Menominee consisted of a single saw, 
with a yearly capacity of 2,000,000 feet, and the first stock of the in- 
corporated company amounted to $500,000, with a surplus of $362,000 
and timber resources of 400,000,000 feet. In the early nineties three 
large mills were in operation, with a cutting capacity of 115,000,000 feet 
per year ; the surplus had reached $3,871,000 and the company held some 
800,000,000 feet of standing timber. About a thousand men were em- 
ployed on an average, and a large grist mill was constantly running to 
supply feed for the four hundred horses and mules used in the various 
departments. In addition, there was a planing mill and several dry 
kilns, and the vast lumber yards in Chicago formed a leading feature 
of the city's industries. 



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692 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

In 1862 air. Carpenter took up his residence in Chicago, and soon 
afterward a lumber yard was opened at the junction of the north branch 
with the main river, and soon much of the Milwaukee trade was at- 
tracted to this point. At the outset the sales amounted to about 10,- 
000,000 feet per annum. In 1868 a new mill was erected, its capacity 
increased from time to time, and in 1892 the sales at the Chicago yards 
had reached 134,000,000 feet annually. From the time of his coming 
to Chicago Mr. Carpenter made this city the headquarters of all his 
interests, the manufacturing portion of which has been actively eon- 
ducted at Menominee' for many years. Long prior to that time a large 
yard was maintained in the lumber district of Twenty-second street, 
where the bulk of the mill product was sold to country dealers. 

Mr. Carpenter was for many years a broad and active figure in the 
great lumber interests which center at Menominee, Michigan, and was 
one of the earliest and most successful developers of the mineral re- 
sources of the Superior region. For years he was president of the Lum- 
bermen's Mining Company of Iron Mountain, Mchigan; was for some 
time president of the Lumbermen's National Bank of Menominee; and 
was lai^ely interested in the Electric Light BaJlway and Power Com- 
pany of Menominee. In Chicago he became one of the incorporators of 
the Lumbermen's Exchange, was elected vice-president in 1876 and 
president in 1882, and served continuously on the executive committee 
until 1888. 

Although Chicago was abandoned as a distributing point by the 
Kirby-Carpenter Company, it remained the executive and financial cen- 
ter of Mr. Carpenter's widely extended interests and he continued to 
be identified with the city in many lines of activity. He has served for 
many years as a director of the First National Bank of Chicago and has 
been president of the Citizens' Association, as well as of the Union and 
Commercial clubs of that city. In 1863 Mr. Carpenter was wedded to 
Miss Elizabeth K. Kempton, of New Bedford, Massachusetts, and the 
children bom to them were: Ai:^ustus A. Carpenter, Jr., now promi- 
nently engaged in the lumber and tie business ; and Amie, wife of John 
E. Newell, a resident of Chicago. 

Magnus Olson.— Possessing excellent business ability, tact and judg- 
ment, Magnus Olson is intimately associated with the advancement of 
the industrial interests of Ironwood, where he is well and favorably 
known as a prosperous contractor and builder, being at the head of the 
firm of Olson & Bergquist. A native of Sweden, he was bom, October 
16, 1868, on the home farm in Wermland. 

His father, Olof Erickson, was born eighty years ago in Wermland, 
on the farm where he is still residing, being an honored and respected 
citizen. Although an agriculturist by occupation, he was a natural me- 
chanic, handy with tools of all kinds, being a shoemaker, a blacksmith 
and a most skilful wood-worker. Able to do all the repairing needed on 
the farm, he saved not only time but considerable money in his mechani- 
cal labors. He married Stina Hawkinson, who has also been a lifelong 
resident of Sweden, and of their union ten children have been bom, as 
follows r Johan,.Mary, Betty, Hannah, John, Gustav, Magnus, Christina, 
Matilda and Caroline. Hannah, wife of N. Skagman, of Omaha, Ne- 
braska, John, living in Ironwood, and Magnus, the subject of this brief 
sketch, are the only members of the parental household that left their 
native land. 

Attending school quite regularly until eleven years old, Magnus 
Olson then turned his attention to the shoemaker's trade, in which he 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 093 

acquired some proficiency, and at the age of sixteen yeais began work- 
ing at the carpenter's bench. Emigrating to the United States m 1887, 
he came directly to the Upper Peninsula, the home of manj of his eoim- 
trymen, locating in Norway, Dickinson county, whpie he was engaged in 
mining at the Green Pit for a year and a half. From there he came to 
Ironwood, which was then a small but a wide-awake bttle village sit- 
uated in the midst of the woods. The following three years Mr. Olson 
was employed at the Ashland Mine, and then took up his old trade, 
which he had learned in Sweden, working as a journeyman carpenter 
until 1895, when he embarited in business for himself as a contractor. 
In 1902 he formed a co-partnership with Axel Bergquist, and under 
the firm name of Olson & Bergquist has since built up a substantial 
business as a contractor end builder, and has also dealt extensively in 
building materials, 

Mr. Olson married Mary E. Larson, who was born in Osceola, Michi- 
gan, a daughter of Soren and Clara Larson, natives of Norway. The 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Olson has been blessed by the birth of five chil- 
dren, namely: Florence Elizabeth, Judith Irene, Clara Victoria, "Walter 
Alvin and Hilda Augusta. Mr. and Mrs. Olson are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and in politics he is a strict Prohibitionist. 

GoKDON MuKR<\Y. — Among the leaders of almost every important 
public movement of his adopted city is Gordon Murray, who as mayor 
of Norway, Dickinson county, is filling the office with credit to himself 
and advantage to the city, his integrity, upright character and sound 
judgment making him a desirable man for the position. A native of 
Canada, he was bom, August 14, 1863, at Bruce Mines, Huron county, 
province of Ontario, iDeing the third in direct line of descent to bear the 
name in this country, his father and grandfather having borne the 
name of Gordon. 

His grandfather, Gordon Murray, the first, the descendant of a long 
line of sturdy Scotch ancestors, was born, bred and married in Ayrshire, 
Scotland. About middle life he emigrated to Canada, and for a num- 
ber of years was engaged in farming on Saint Josephs Island, in the 
province of Ontario. He subsequently removed with his family to the 
Upper Peninsula, and spent his last days in Negaimee, Marquette county. 

One of a large family or children, Captain Gordon Murray, father 
of Mayor Gordon Murray, was bom in Ayrshire, Scotland, and was 
there educated. At the age of seventeen years he came with the family 
to America, locating in Huron county, Ontario, where he soon began 
work in the Bruce Mine, continuing there until 1869. Coming in that 
year to Michigan, he was for several months employed in the Quincy 
Mine, after which he worked in the iron mines of Marquette county, be- 
coming a contractor at pit mining. He was afterwards captain at the 
Edwards Mine in Humboldt, from there going to Negaunee, where he 
was captain at the Cambria Mine until his death, in 1885, at the com- 
paratively early age of forty-eight years. Captain Murray married 
Elizabeth Coatsworth, who was born in Richmond, Virginia, a daughter 
of Joshua Coatsworth, a native of England. She died in 1870, leaving 
three children, namely: Gordon, the special subject of this sketch; 
Sarah, now the wife of John Wasmuth; and Joshua. The Captain mar- 
ried for his second wife Mary McKenzie, and to them five children were 
bora, John, Mary, Annie, Grace and Aleck. 

Leaving school at the age of fifteen years, Gordon Murray began his 
active career by driving a mule at the Michigamnie Mine. He was after- 
wards employed in the Post Office at Ishpeming for two years, suhse- 



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694 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

quently completing a course of study at the Quiney Business College, in 
Quiney, Illinois. Mr. Murray then accepted a position as book-keeper 
with the Deer Lake Company at Ishpeming, remaining tliere until 1885. 
Entering then the employ of the Metropolitan Lumber Company, in 
the Pelch district, he was book-keeper for the firm for five years, subse- 
quently, as superintendent, having charge of that company 's affairs for 
nine years. In 1899 he entered the employ of the Commonwealth Iron 
Company at its Aragon Mine, Norway. In 1901 Mr. Murray became an 
employe of the Oliver Iron Mining Company, in charge of timber lands 
and logging on the Menominee Range, while subsequently, upon the 
organization of the Oliver Iron Mining Company's "Department of 
Timber Lands," he was made superintendent of all work coming under 
that department on the Michigan and "Wisconsin Iron Ranges. 

Mr. Murray married, in 1888, Margaret Hourigan, who was born in 
Detroit, Michigan, a daughter of Michael and Margaret Hourigan. She 
died in 1895, in early womanhood. Mr. Murray married for his second 
wife Henrietta Roche, who ■ was born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, to 
Thomas Roche and wife, whose maiden name was Owen. Of Mr. Mur- 
ray 'b first marriage three children were bom, namely : Gordon Howard, 
John and Margaret. By his present union he has one child, George. 
A steadfast Republican in politics, Mr. Murray has been active in party 
ranks, for the past six years having served as chairman of the Dickin- 
son County Republican Committee. For thirteen years he was a mem- 
ber of the Board of Supervisors, and is now rendering the city appre- 
ciated service as mayor. Fraternally Mr, Murray is a member of Nor- 
way Lodge, No. 362, F. & A. M.; and of Iron Mountain Lodge, No. 
2885, Modern Woodmen of America. 

John S. Coman,— The name borne by the subject of this sketch is 
one that has been worthily identified with the annals of American 
history from the early Colonial epoch to the present time, and its 
record is one that bears evidence of sterling honor and integrity on 
the part of its representatives, as one generation has followed another 
on to the stage of life's activities. Its members have been pioneers 
in various sections of the Union and have ever been found worthy, 
doing their parts in connection with the work of civic and industrial 
progress, 

John S. Coman was bom at Morrisville, Madison county, New 
York, on the 4th of June, 1857, and is a son of Benjamin F, and Har- 
riet (White) Coman. His father was born in Eaton township, Madi- 
son county, New York, on the 3d of August, 1819, and his death oc- 
curred in 1886 ; his wife was born in the town of Litchfield, Herkimer 
county, New York, in 1826, and her death occurred in 1904. Their 
marriage was solemnized at Utiea, New York, and they became the 
parents of three children,— Harriet, who died at the' age of twenty 
years; John S,, who is the immediate subject of this review; and 
Henry B., who resides at Oneida, New York, and who is justice of the 
supreme court of that state for the Sixth district. The father devoted 
■practically his entire active career to agricultural pursuits and he con- 
tinued to reside on the old homestead farm, the place of his birth, 
until the close of his long and useful life. He lived virtually retired 
during the last twenty-two years of his life and was one of the hon- 
ored and infiuential citizens of his native county. He served for many 
years as township supervisor and for four years he was postmaster 
at Morrisville under the administration of President James A. Gar- 
field. For fully two score years he was incumbent of the office of 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 695 

justice of the peace. In politics he was originally aligned as a sup- 
porter of the Whig party, hut in 1857 he transferred his allegianew 
to the Eepuhlican party, of whose cause he was thereafter a staunch 
advocate. He was affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and both he and his wife were devoted members of the Baptist 
church, in which he was a deacon for many years prior to his demise. 
He was a son of Winsor Coman, who was bom in the town of North 
Providence, Rhode Island, in 1775, and who died in 1861. Winsor 
Coman married Miss Keziah Smith, and of their four sons and three 
daughters, the father of our subject was the youngest child. In 1798 
Winsor Coman set forth from North Providence, Rhode Island, and 
made his way on horseback to the wilderness of central New York. 
He secured a tract of land in what is now Eaton township, Madison 
county, where he literally hewed out a farm in the midst of the virgin 
forest. He was one of the earliest settlers of that section of the old 
Empire state and it was his to render valiant service as a soldier in 
the War of 1812, in which he received commission as ensign. He took 
part in engagements at Saeketts Harbor and Oswego. In the agnatic 
line the lineage is traced back to Roger Williams, the founder of 
Rhode Island. On the maternal side the subject of this sketch is the 
lineal descendant of William White, who came to America from Eng- 
land in 1622. Captain Basil White, another maternal ancestor, was 
captain in the Continental line during the war of the Revolution. 

John S. Coman, the immediate subject of this review, was reared 
on the old ancestral homestead and early became inured to the sturdy 
discipline of the farm. His rudimentary education was secured in the 
district schools and later he supplemented this by attending school 
at Morrisville and Cazenovia Seminary, at Cazenovia, New York. In 
1878, shortly after attaining to his legal majority, he severed gracious 
home ties and set forth to seek his fortune in the west. He located 
at Bay City, Michigan, where he identified himself with the lumbering 
industry, with which he continued to be connected in that section until 
the spring of 1885, when he came to Menominee, Michigan, where he 
has since continued independent operations in the same important 
field of enterprise, in which his experience has been wide and varied. 
He is one of the substantial and honored business men of Menominee, 
is loyal and enterprising as a citizen and while never a seeker of polit- 
ical preferment, he accords a staunch support to the principles and 
policies for which the Republican party stands sponsor. He is affil- 
iated with Menominee Lodge, No. 269, Free and Accepted Masons ; 
Menominee Chapter, No. 107, Royal Arch Masons; and Menominee 
Commandery, No. 35, Knights Templars. 

On the 16th of April, 1883, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Coman to Miss Clara A. Waite, who was born in the city of Buffalo, 
New York, where the marriage was celebrated. She is a daughter of 
the late William Waite, who was a prosperous business man and rep- 
resentative citizen of that city. Mr. and Mrs. Coman have two sons, 
Harry L. and Lawrence J. The family is prominent in the social life 
of the community and the home is noted for its generous hospitality. 

Bernard M. Morrts. — As president and treasurer of the B. M. Mor- 
ris Company, outfitters for men and boys, the subject of this sketch 
is numbered among the progressive business men and representative 
citizens of Sault Ste. Marie. He was born in Germany, on the 5th of 
June, 1855, and is a son of Moses and Esther (Nathan) Morris, the 
former of whom died at the age of fifty-five years and the latter at 



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696 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

the age of fifty- four years; they are survived by three sons and one 
daughter. Moses Morris came with his family to America, in 1864, 
and located in the city of Detroit, where he was identified with mer- 
cantile pursuits until 1875, when he removed to Beaumont, Texas, 
where he was successfully established in the clothing business until 
his death, which occurred in 1890. Bernard M. Morris was afforded 
the advantages of the public schools of the city of Detroit and as a 
youth he secured a position as a clerk in a clothing store in that city. 
He was there engaged as salesman in connection with this line of 
enterprise for somewhat more than a decade and in IbSS he initiated 
his independent business career. In May, 1885, Mr. Morris took up 
his residence in Sault Ste. Marie, where he engaged in the clothing 
business, with which he has since been actively and successfully iden- 
tified. On the 26th of March, 1903, he organized the Boston Clothing 
Company, of which he was the executive head until he effected a re- 
organization on the 23d of May, 1907, under the present title of B. M. 
Morris Company, of which he has since been president and treasurer. The 
company is a large and thoroughly metropolitan establishment and 
the fair and honorable dealings that have ever characterized Mr. 
Morris' business career have brought his concern a most liberal and 
appreciative supporting patronage. He is loyal in his civic attitude 
and while never a seeker of public office he accords staunch adherence 
to the Republican party. He is affiliated with Bethel Lodge, No. 358, 
Free & Accepted Masons; Sault Ste, Marie Chapter, No. 126, Royal 
Arch Masons; De Witt Clinton Consistory, Ancient Accepted Scottish 
Bite, in the city of Grand Rapids, in which he has attained the thirty- 
second degree; and Ahmed Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of the No- 
bles of the Mystic Shrine, in the city of Marquette. He is also identi- 
fied with the local lodge of the Knights of Pythias. 

On the 19th of August, 1884, Mr, Morris was united in marriage 
to Miss Agnes Lenhoff, who was born in the city of Syracuse, New 
York, and who is a daughter of Joseph M. and Emily Lenhoff. Mr. 
Lenhoff was born in Russia and came to America as a young man. 
He was a prominent merchant in Detroit, Michigan, and later in Sag- 
inaw, where both he and his wife died. Mr. and Mrs, Morris became 
the parents of two children, — Lillian, who died at the age of eighteen 
years, and Rose, who remains at the parental home. 

Feed W. Richards. — A man of tried and true integrity, po^essing 
great mechanical skill and good business ability, Fred W. Richards has 
won well deserved success by his thorough mastery of his calling, and the 
respect in which he is held by all with whom he is brought in contact 
gives evidence of his upright and manly life. A son of "William Rich- 
ards, he was born, April 3, 1850, in the parish of Saint Just, eouuty 
Cornwall, England, the descendant of an old and honored family. His 
grandfather, John Richards, who married Gertrude Rapln, was a landed 
proprietor and a life-long resident of county Cornwall. 

Bom in the parish of Saint Austell, William Richards was reared 
■ and educated in county Cornwall, his native county, and as a young man 
served an apprenticeship at the iron moulder's trade. He was subse- 
quently foreman for thirty-six consecutive years of a foundry in the 
parish of Saint Just, residing there until his death, when but sixty-fhiee 
years old. He married Ann C. Murton, who was bom in Saint Austell 
parish, a daughter of Captain Robert and Mary (Carne) Murton, life- 
long residents of county Cornwall, where her father was a mining cap- 
tain. She died at the age of seventy-two years, leaving four children. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 697 

namely: Fred "W., the special subject of this sketch; Alfred J., who 
spent his last days in Houston, Texas; Mary C, who is married and 
still resides in county Cornwall ; and Maria S., living with her brother 
Fred at Iron Mountain. 

Completing his early education in the schools of his native parish, 
Fred W. Richards began learning the trade of a machinist at the age of 
fourteen years, and served an apprenticeship of six years. Ambitious to 
get a good start in his work, he immediately came to America, locating, 
in 1870, at Brantford, Canada, where he remained a year. Migrating 
then to Michigan, he was in the employ of the Lake Superior Foundry 
Company, at Ishpeming, for three years, and the succeeding year worked 
at his trade in Belleville, Illinois. Going back then to England to visit 
bis family and friends, he remained there a year, and on his return to 
this country settled at Austin, Texas, where he followed his trade two 
years. From there Mr. Richards came to the Upper Peninsula, and the 
ensuing eight years was shop foreman at the mine in Republic, Mar- 
quette county. Going then to Norway, he held a similar position for four 
years with the Penn Mining Company, after which he spent another 
year in England. Returning to Michigan, Mr. Richards settled at Iron 
Mountain, and after spending four years as shop foreman at the Chapin 
Mine was promoted to the office of master mechanic, a position which he 
still retains and for which he is eminently fitted. 

Mr, Richards married, in 1880, Adff G. Roberts, who was born in 
Hoi^hton county, Mehigan, a daughter of Enoch Roberts and grand- 
daughter of William and Elizabeth (Solomon) Roberts, who spent their 
entire lives in county Cornwall, England. Bom and reared in the parish 
of Chacewater, Enoch Roberts began mining when young, and with the 
exception of a short time spent in Scotland followed that employment, 
in England, his native country, until 1860. Coming then to America, 
he was employed at the Pewabic and Franklin copper mines in the 
Upper Peninsula for some time, afterward superintending the opening 
of the Arcadian mine, at Hancock, of which he was made captain. While 
there, in 1863, he was joined by his wife and three children, whom he 
had left in England three years before. After serving six years as cap- 
tain of the Arcadian mine, Mr. Roberts was captain at the Brass and 
Wire Mine in Ishpeming for five years, subsequently having chaise for 
a time of the furnace at Collinsville. He was afterwards pit boss at the 
■ Republic Mine, and then captain at the Metropolitan Mine, later serving 
in the same position at the mine in West Vulcan. Prom there he went 
to Waucedah as captain of the mine, thence to the Hemlock, and from 
there to the Mastodon Mine. Going then to Iron River, Captain Roberts 
opened the Dover Mine, which he superintended for a while, when, real- 
izing that he was advancing in years and being desirous of less responsi- 
bility, he resigned his office as superintendent of the mine, but remained 
for a while as surface boss. Upon resigning that position the Captain 
spent a few months at Duluth, visiting a daughter, from there going to 
Ishpeming, where, two weeks later, he died, at the age of seventy-three 
years. The maiden name of his wife was Grace Blight. She was born in 
the parish of Chacewater, county Cornwall, a daughter of Joseph and 
Grace (Williams) Blight, the latter of whom spent her entire life in 
county Cornwall, and the former all excepting three years spent in 
Brazil, South America. The Captain and Mrs. Roberts reared five chil- 
dren, of whom the first three, Louisa J., Enoch and William H., were 
born in England, and the last two, Ada G. and Fred C, were bom in 
Houghton county, Michigan. 

Religiously Mr. Richards was reared in the Episcopal faith, while 



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698 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

Mrs. Richards was brought up in the Methodist faith. Fraternally Mr. 
Richards holds a place of prominenee in the Masonic Order, belonging 
to Iron Mountain Lodge, No. 388, F. & A. M. ; to Iron Mountain Chap- 
ter, No. 121, R. A. M.; to Hugh McCurdy Commandery, No. 43, K. T.; 
to the Marquette Lodge of Perfection ; to the Lake Superior Council of 
the Princes of Jerusalem ; to the Peninsula Chapter of Rose Croix ; and 
to Ahmed Temple, Older of the Mjstic Shrine. 

Joseph J. Mallmann, of Escanaba, treasurer of Delta county, was 
bom in this county, September 9, 1872. His father, Peter Mailman, 
a lumberman and merchant in Delta county, was born in Sheboygan, 
"Wisconsin, and he died in 1888. He was a son of John Peter Mall- 
mann, a native of Germany and an early settler in Wisconsin. Peter 
Mallmann married (first) Gertrude Boltz, who died at the age of thir- 
ty-six years, leaving three sons and three daughters, of whom Joseph 
J. is the fifth child; Mr. Mallmann married a second time and had 
three children. 

The early years of Joseph J. Mallmann were spent at home in Delta 
county, where he attended the district schools and afterward the 
Escanaba public schools. He attended business college in Green Bay, 
Wisconsin, and then became engaged in mercantile business at Rapid 
River, in partnership with John P. McCall, under the firm name of 
McCaJI & Mallmann. Four years later, in 1901, Mr. Mallmann came 
to Escanaba, where for more than two years he served as deputy 
county treasurer and part of a term as acting county treasurer ; in 
November, 1908, he was elected to the office, and still holds same. He 
has business ability and experience, and looks after the affairs of the 
public with the same care he would give his own interests. Mr. Mall- 
mann is a stanch Republican, and actively interested in the success of 
the party. He served two terms as treasurer of Masonville township, 
and stands well in public opinion. He has been a lifelong resident of 
the Northern Peninsula, is well known in the community, and held 
in high esteem by all. He is a member of the Knighted Order Tented 
Maccabees. 

In 1895 Mr. Mallmann married Katherine B., daughter of Joshua 
and Sarah Willson, and their union has been blessed with four sons, 
Walter R., Kenneth, Joseph Alton and Robert W. 

Ernest H. ]\t\DAjESKY, M. D. — Actively identified with the medical 
fraternity of the Upper Peninsula as head of the firm of Drs. Mada- 
jesky & Pinkerton, proprietors of the Gogebic Hospital at Bessemer, 
Ernest H. Madajesky, M. D., is widely and favorably known through- 
out this part of Michigan, where he has an extensive practice. A son 
of the late Frederick W. Madajesky, he was bom, October 1, 1870, 
in Appleton, Wisconsin, where he spent the earlier years of his life. 

Frederick W. Madajesky was bom and reared in Polish Germany, 
where his parents were life-long residents. Having completed his 
studies in the public schools, he served an apprenticeship at the black- 
smith's trade, becoming a skilful workman. Immediately after his 
marriage he came with his bride to America, which to him was a land 
rich in promise, and located in Appleton, Wisconsin, where he was for 
many years in the employ of the Appleton Furnace Company. He 
continued a resident of that city until his death, in 1901. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Henrietta Manzek, was born in northern 
Germany, and like her husband, was the only member of her family 
to cross the Atlantic. She is still living, and of her five children two 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 699 

survive, nanwly; Ernest II., tlie special subject of this sketch; and 
Anna. 

After his graduation from the Appleton High School Ernest H. 
Madajesky was for a while employed as a clerk in a drug store. He 
subsequently entered the University of Wisconsin, and was there grad- 
uated from the school of pharmacy with the class of 1891. Going 
then to Ironwood, Gogebic county, Michigan, he remained there fivp 
years, having charge of the drug stores belonging to Thomas & Mc- 
Cabe, Turning his attention then to the study of medicine, he spent 
a year in the medical department of the University of Michigan, at 
Ann Arbor, going from there to Chicago, Illinois, where, in 1899, he 
was graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, with the 
degree of M. D. Locating then in Bessemer, Dr. Madajesky became 
assistant to Drs. Loope & Whiteside, proprietors of the Gogebic Hos- 
pital, and in 1906, in company with Dr. W. J. Pinkerton, succeeded to 
the ownership of this institution, which is one of the best of its kind 
in the Upper Peninsula, and is well patronized. 

Dr. Madajesky married, in 1902, Ada McMinn, who was born, bred 
and educated in Michigan. Her parents, Francis and Matilda (Clark) 
MeMinn, were bom in the north of Ireland, of Scotch ancestry. The 
Doctor and Mrs. Madajesky have three children, namely : Prances, 
Ruth and Maxine. Fraternally the Doctor is a member of Bessemer 
Lodge, No. 392, P. & A. M. 

Leo C. Harmon.— a representative of that progressive spirit and 
distinctively initiative power that have brought the city of Menominee 
into prominence as an industrial and commercial center, Mr. Harmon 
holds precedence as one of the most alert and influential business men 
of the city, where he is identified with enterprises of wide scope and 
importance. He is president of the Menominee Electric Manufactur- 
ing Company, and is also president of the Richardson Shoe Company, 
and no citizen of the Upper Peninsula is more loyal and enthusiastic 
in regard to the advantages and profits here afforded. 

Leo C. Harmon was born in Walworth county. South Dakota, on 
the 31st of October, 1871, and is a representative of one of the pioneer 
families of that state. He is a son of Captain William and Zoe Lulu 
(Picotte) Harmon. His father was born at Springfield, Maine, on the 
28th of June, 1835, was a resident of the state of Montana, and at the 
time of his death, which occurred on the 28th of October, 1903, he re- 
sided in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The mother was bom in the city of 
St. Louis, Missouri, of French parentage, and died at Miles City, 
Montana, June 4, 1895. Of the four children two are living, the 
subject of this sketch being the elder; Joseph R. is engaged in the 
grocery business at Mandan, North Dakota. Captain William Har- 
mon was a youth at the time of his parents' removal from the old 
Pine Tree state to the wilds of Minnesota, where they took up their 
residence in the year 1850. He eventually became identified with the 
operation of steamboats on the upper Mississippi river between Min- 
neapolis and Anoka, Minnesota, and was the owner of the steamer 
"H. M, Rice." Captain Harmon served with distinction as a soldier 
in the Civil war, having enlisted in the First Minnesota Volunteer 
Infantry, with which command he served three years, being mustered 
out with the rank of first lieutenant. He thereafter was appointed 
to the captaincy in the Thirty-sixth regiment of the United States 
Infantry, and he continued in service with the regular army until 
1870, when he resigned. He then engaged in government contract 



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700 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

work in the territory of Dakota, being associated in this enterprise 
with Dnrfey & Peek Company and W. A. Paxton of Omaha, Nebraska. 
Later he removed to Montana, in which state he was thereafter 
actively identified with the live stock industry until the time of his 
death. He was a Republican in hjs political proclivities and was an 
appreciative and valued member of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

Leo C. Harmon was bom at the time when his father was engaged 
in government contracting in Dakota, and owing to the limited edu- 
cational advantages afforded in that section at the time, he was sent 
to the city of Montreal, Canada, where he was afforded the proper 
advantages. At the age of eighteen years he became bookkeeper for 
the Stock-Growers' National Bank of Miles City, Montana, and in 
1893, when this institution met with financial disaster, owing to the 
great panic of that year, he was appointed receiver of the same. He 
showed much ability in making a final adjustment of its affairs and 
retired from the office of receiver in 1899. "While receiver of the 
Stock-Growers' National Bank Mr, Harmon assisted in the organiza- 
tion of the State National Bank of Miles City in August, 1896, and 
was its first cashier and was later made second vice-president of that 
bank, which position he held until he removed to Michigan in Janu- 
ary, 1900. In January of the following year he came to Menominee, 
Michigan, and assumed the position of manager of the Richardson 
Shoe Company, the pioneer manufacturers of seamless shoes. As one 
of the principal stockholders of this corporation he was elected its 
president in 1907, since which time he has continued incumbent of 
this office. The company has an extensive and finely equipped plant 
in Menominee and the same has a capacity for an output of two 
thousand pairs of shoes a day. "W, S. Carpenter is secretary of the 
company and Nelson Bennor is superintendent. In 1902 Mr. Harmon 
became associated with his uncle, Milan S. Harmon, in the purchase 
and reorganization of the Menominee Electric Manufacturing Com- 
pany, manufacturers of general electric supplies, and this also is now one 
of the important industrial concerns of the Upper Peninsula. A. T>. 
Gihbs is vice-president; Henry Tideman secretary, and M. S. Har- 
mon treasurer. Mr. Harmon is also a director of the Lloyd Manu- 
facturing Company, one of the most extensive manufacturers of baby 
carriages in the "United States; is secretary and treasurer of the 
Fisher Box Company, and is a member of the directorate of the Lum- 
bermen's National Bank. The high civic ideals and movements fos- 
tered by the Menominee Commercial Club have made a distinctive 
appeal to Mr, Harmon, and he has served as president of this organi- 
zation for two years. The Lloyd Manufacturing Company, of which 
mention has just been made, was reorganized largely through the 
well directed efforts of Mr. Harmon, who brought about its removal 
from Minneapolis to Menominee. He is ever elert in securing to his 
home city enterprises that will further its industrial and commer- 
cial precedence. He is a member of the Knights of Columbus. Both 
he and his wife are members of the Roman Catholic church. Though 
never a seeker of public oiRce, Mr. Harmon is a stanch advocate of the 
principles and policies for which the Republican party stands sponsor. 

On the 28th of December, 1898, was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr. Harmon to Miss Minnie E. Maher, who was bom at Fort Dodge, 
Iowa. 

WrLLiAM R. Smith, president and general manager of the Delta 
Hardware Company, of Escanaba, was bom in "VVapello, Iowa, December 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 701 

17, 1868. His father, W. P. Smith, was a native of New York, where he 
was reared and educated, and about 1864 he removed to Iowa, where he 
carried on farming for about six years. In 1870 he removed to Chicago 
and engaged in the grocery business in Oak Park. He also conducted a 
tannery for a time. Mr. Smith then removed to New York and settled 
in the city of Baldwinsville, where he died, at the age of fifty-four years. 
His wife, Hulda Herriek, daughter of 0. B. Herrick, of Baldwinsville, 
was also reared and educated in her native state ; she now lives in Es- 
eanaba. They were parents of one son and one daughter, of whom 
"William R. is the younger. 

The early education of William R. Smith was acquired in Baldwins- 
ville, New York, where he was graduated from the high school ; later he 
attended the University of New York. He began in business in the em- 
ploy of Parshall & Searle Company, wholesale and retail dealers in hard- 
ware, as order clerk, where he remained one year; they were located at 
Syracuse, New York. Mr. Smith next entered the employ of the whole- 
sale hardware firm of Kennedy & Spaulding Company, beginning as 
clerk and rising to the position of order clerk. He then removed to Chi- 
cago, where he accepted a position with Hibbard, Spencer, Bartlett & 
Company, as order elerk, and later became a house salesman in their 
employ, and worked in most departments of this large establishment. 
From this position he began as salesman on the road, at first substituting 
for a salesman who was sick, being assigned to the territory of upper 
Michigan in January, 1892. He continued in this territory until Jan- 
uary 1, 1900, when he bought an interest with W. W. Oliver and reor- 
ganized the company of which he is now president into a stock company. 
Mr. Smith became president and general manager of this company, R. 
E. McLean, vice-president, and W. "W. Oliver, secretary and treasurer. 
This is a concern of some magnitude, doing business in both wholesale 
and retail lines, and they employ about forty men. They keep two men 
on the road in their wholesale department. The personnel of the firm 
comprises keen, enterprising business men, and the affairs of the com- 
pany are carried on in an able, up-to-date manner. They have been very 
successful, and the business is constantly growing. 

Mr. Smith is one of the directors of the Business Men's Association 
of Eseanaba, and is actively interested in the progress and growth of 
the city. Politically he is a Kcpublicau and keenly interested in public 
affairs. He is a prominent Mason, being a Knight Templar and Shriner, 
at Marquette, Michigan. 

Id 1896 Mr. Smith married Maud McKana, a native of Chicago, 
Illinois, daughter of John H. and Anna (Carroll) McKana, of Prceport, 
Illinois. Mr. Smith and his wife have one son, William John. 

John E. Weber, — Enterprising and progressive, John E. Weber is 
actively associated with the mercantile interests of Ironwood as a 
pharmacist, holding a good position among the successful business 
men of the place. He was born March 27, 1875, at Arcadia, Trempea- 
leau county, Wisconsin, where his father, John Weber, was a pioneer 
settler. His grandfather, Peter Weber, was born in the village of 
Schwabach, Lorraine, then a part of France, but now included within 
the limits of Germany, being of French ancestry. He was a man of 
versatile talents, being variously employed in his native town, where 
his entire life was spent. He married first Ursula Ersman, who was 
bom, lived and died in the village of Schwabach, her death occurring 
December 2, 1841, when her only child, John, was but three days old. 
Peter Weber married again, by his second marriage having one child, a 
daughter named Regina. 



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702 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Reared and educated in his native town, John "Weber joined the 
army when twenty years old, and served as a soldier for seven years. 
Emigrating to America in 1873, he settled in Arcadia, Wisconsin, 
where he followed the carpenter's trade five years. Going to Mar- 
quette, Michigan, in 1878, he resided there until 1886, when he came 
to the new town of Ironwood, locating here when nearly all of the 
land in this vicinity was heavily covered with timber. For about four 
years he followed his trade in the meantime opening a boarding house 
and a dispensary, both of which he conducted successfully until the 
panic of 1893, when he lost his entire property. Starling life anew 
in Manitowish, Wisconsin, he remained there a year, and then went 
to Mercer, Wisconsin, where he erected a small building and con- 
ducted a dispensary until 1909. Coming then to Ironwood, he built 
a home, and is here living retired from active pursuits. He married, 
in 1874, in Arcadia, Wisconsin, Regina Meyer, who was bom. May 
25, 1853, at Weisskirehen, Lorraine, France, where her parents, Joseph 
and Anna (Wagner) Meyer, were life-long residents. She was the 
only member of her father's family to leave her native land, her 
brother Peter, and her sisters, Anna and Katherine, remaining in 
their native town. Two of her uncles, however, Casper Meyer and 
Nicholas Meyer, came to the United States, locating first in New York 
state, afterward becoming pioneers of Arcadia, Wisconsin. Three chil- 
dren were born to Mr. and Mrs. John Weber, namely: John E., Ihe sub- 
ject of this brief sketch; Margaret, who married John J. Gorilla, and 
has three children, Lawrence Vincent, Allen Cyril and Veronica Claire ; 
and Anna Regina, wife of George W. Goodman. The parents are 
members of the Roman Catholic church. 

Receiving the rudiments of his education in the public schools of 
Marquette and Ironwood, John E. Weber afterwards attended Saint 
Francis Seminary, in Milwaukee, for two years, completing his early 
studies at Saint Joseph's College in Dubuque, Iowa. Entering thpn 
the employ of the American Express Company, he served as clerk, 
messenger and cashier for six years. In 1903 he formed a partner- 
ship with John J. Gorilla and purchased the stock and good will of 
his former employer, and has since conducted a most successful busi- 
ness as a pharmacist. 

Mr. Weber married June 2, 1908, Lida Couch, who was born in 
Ishpeming, Michigan, a daughter of John and Elizabeth Couch. Fra- 
ternally Mr. Weber is a member of Ironwood Lodge No. 1396, K. of 
C, and of Saint Ambrose Court No. 271, Catholic Order of Foresters. 

Harey T. Hulst.^A man of scholarly tastes and ambitions, pos- 
sessing much mechanical ability, Harry T. Hulst, of Ishpeming, chief 
engineer of the Oliver Iron Mining Company's properties on the Mar- 
quette Range, has already won for himself a fine reputation in mining 
circles, his splendid natural endowments having been heightened by 
a practical scientific education, from which he has signally profited. 
A son of Dr. Nelson P. Hulst, he was born. May 13, 1876, in Milwau- 
kee, Wisconsin, and there received his elementary education. 

Although a native of East Brooklyn, New York, Dr. Nelson P. 
Hulst was brought up in Alexandria, Virginia, in that city and in 
Montgomery county Maryland, being fitted for college. Entering 
Tale college in 1863 he was graduated from the academical depart- 
ment in 1867, and two years later completed the course in mine en- 
gineering at the Sheffield Scientific School, receiving his diploma. 
Continuing his studies in the same institution another year, he s?- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 703 

cured his doctor's degree, and in September, 1870, became chemist 
and engineer for the Milwaultee Iron Company, at Milwaukee, Wis- 
consin. Two years later he traveled through the Menominee range, 
then unexplored, subsequently exploring the Breen and Vulcan mines, 
and the Felch Mountain range. In 1876 Dr. Hulst was made general 
superintendent of the Menominee Mining Company, and while thus 
employed opened up the Breen, Vulcan, Norway, Cyclops, Quinnesec, 
Chapin and Florence mines. In 1887, he, as manager of the Pewabic 
Company, opened the Pewabic mine. Becoming manager of the iron 
mining interests of the Carnegie Steel Company in 1897, the Doctor 
had full charge of the management of the Oliver Iron Mining Com- 
pany, and at the formation of the United States Steel Corporation, in 
1901, was made vice president of its various mining companies, re- 
taining the position until his retirement from active pursuits. He is 
now living in Milwaukee a respected and honored citizen. He has a 
practical knowledge of everything connected with mining, and his 
wide experience in this line of industry has made him an authority 
on subjects connected with minerals and mines. 

Dr. Hulst married Florence Terry, and to them five children have 
been bom, namely: Harry T., Clarence P., Edith R., Alfred N. and 
Alice F. The Doctor belongs to the Milwaukee Club, and is a mem- 
ber of Plymouth Congregational church, of which he is a deacon and 
a trustee. 

After his graduation from the Milwaukee High School, and the 
Milwaukee Academy, Harry T. Hulst still further advanced his edu- 
cation by an attendance at Black Hall School in Lyme, Connecticut, 
at the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale University, and at the Michi- 
gan College of Mines, in Houghton, Michigan. Thus equipped for his 
chosen work, he entered the employ of the Lake Superior Iron Com- 
pany on September 1, 1901, as mining engineer, and in that capacity 
proved himself so capable and proiicient that on July 1, 1908, he was 
promoted to his present position of chief engineer. One of the lead- 
ing citizens of Islipeming, Mr. Hulst is greatly interested in its growth 
and prosperity, willingly contributing of his time and means to fur- 
ther its material interests. In April, 1906, he was elected supervisor 
of the Second ward, and re-elected in April, 1908; he was likewise 
elected in 1908, as alderman from the Second ward to fill an unex- 
pired term, and in April, 1909, was re-elected to the same office. Po- 
litically he is actively identified with the Republican party, and reli- 
giously he is a member of the Plymouth Congregational church of 
Milwaukee. 

Mr. Hulst married. May 12, 1902, Flora Bett, who was bom in 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, a daughter of William D. and Prances (Con- 
well) Bett, of that city. Her father was born and reared in Aubum, 
New York, but for many years has been a resident of Milwaukee, 
where his two children, Flora and Curtis, were born. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hulst have two children, Harold B. and Alfred W. 

William J. Cudlip.— A man of much force of character, possessing 
excellent business tact and judgment, William J. Cudlip holds an assured 
position as a representative business man of Iron Mountain, the flourish- 
ing county seat of Dickinson county. Here he is manager of the branch 
houses of the great meat-packing concern of Morris & Company, of 
Chicago. Mr. Cudlip has the distinction of being a native son of the 
Upper Peninsula as he was born at Calumet, Houghton county, on the 
6th of August, 1874, being n son of the late James H. Cudlip. The lat- 



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704 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

ter was a son of Richard Cudlip, who was a native of Devonshire, Eng- 
land, where he was actively identified \vith raining operations until well 
advanced in years, when he removed to Australia, where he passed the 
residue of his life. He reared four children,— Richard, John, James H. 
and Joseph, all of whom immigrated to America and hecame early set- 
tlers of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Bom in Devonshire, Eng- 
land, James H. Cudlip began worliing in the mines when but a boy and 
thus his early educational advantages were somewhat meager, besides 
which he received merely nominal pay for his arduous work. When but 
a boy he immigrated to the United States, believing that here he could 
secure more remunerative employment. He came to the Northern Pen- 
insula of Michigan and here was soon actively engaged as an employe 
in the mines of Ontonagon comity. When the now famous Calumet and 
Hecla mine was discovered he was one of the many miners who promptly 
rushed to the new mine and who assisted in mining the first ore taken 
from it. A few years later, upon the opening of the Chapin Mine, he 
removed to Iron Mountain and became one of the first workers in this 
mine. Subsequently he was advanced to the position of timber foreman 
and while actively engaged in the discharge of his duties in that capacity 
he was killed by accident, in July, 1881. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Ann Luxmore, was likewise a native of Devonshire, England, and 
passed the closing years of her life in Michigan, where she died in 1895, 
leaving five children,— James H., Samuel, William J., Laura and Robert. 

William J. Cudlip was a lad of five years at the time of the family 
removal to Iron Mountain and four days were required to make the trip 
from this place to Calumet, the journey from Quinnesec, the railway 
terminus at that time, being made with a team. The father died two 
years after thus establishing his home in Iron Mountain. The subject 
of this review obtained a good common-school education in the schools 
of the Upper Peninsula and while a youth initiated his active career as 
deliveryman for a meat-market. While working in the establishment 
of his employers he perfected himself in the trade of meat-cutting and 
he continued in the service of his first employers for a period of six 
years. He then secured a position in the employ of Morris & Company, 
the great meat packers and dealers of Chicago, under the late William 
S. Laing, the manager of the branch house in Iron Mountain, until the 
death of Mr. Laing, when he succeeded the latter as manager. He has 
since remained incumbent of this responsible position and in the same 
has given unqualified satisfaction to the company and to the many 
patrons of the establishment. 

Mr. Cudlip is recognized as one of the most loyal and progressive 
citizens of Iron Moimtain and has always taken a very active interest in 
all that has tended to further the material and social advancement of 
the thriving city in which the greater portion of his life thus far has been 
passed. He is one of the most prominent and influential members of the 
Cominereial Club and has done much to assist in its valuable work in 
behalf of the industrial advancement of the city, besides which he has 
contributed in an individual way to the securing of new business enter- 
prises for Iron Mountain. lie is a man of sterling character and com- 
mands unqualified confidence and esteem in the community. He is a 
member of the directorate of the First National Bank of Iron Mountain, 
is affiliated with Iron Mountain Lodge, No. 388, Free & Accepted Masons, 
and Iron Mountain Chapter, No. 121, Royal Arch Masons. In polities 
he is a staunch adherent of the Republican party and he served as under- 
sheriff of the county while his elder brother was incumbent of the office 
of sheriff. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 705 

In the year 1901 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Cudlip to Miss 
Luella Byrnes, who was bom at Fayette, Delta county, Michigan, and 
who is a daughter of Thomas and Catherine Byrnes. Mr. and Mrs. 
Cudlip have five children, — Catherine, William, Luella, Samuel and 
Jeane. 

Jacob J. JIaktinek. — Among the sterling citizens and representa- 
tive business men of Menominee who have turned the tide of success 
through their own efforts is Mr. Martinek, who here conducts an ex- 
tensive real-estate, loan and insurance business and who has achieved 
high reputation as an aggressive, reliable and enterprising business man 
of the city to which he came shortly after attaining his legal majority. 
His name is synonymous with integrity and honor and he holds a se- 
cure place in the confidence of all with whom he has come in contact in 
a business or social way. 

Mr. Martinek was bom at Radonic, Bohemia, on the 25th of July, 
1864, and is a son of John and Mai^aret (Soukup) Martinek, the former 
of whom was likewise bom in Radonic, where he is still living, at the 
venerable age of eighty-three years (1910), and the latter of whom was 
horn in Crastavie, Bohemia, in 1833; she died on the 2l8t of October, 
1907, and of the nine children six are now living. The entire active 
career of the father was one of close identification with the great basic 
industry of agriculture, but he has lived virtually a retired life for nearly 
a quarter of a century. In the schools of his native land Jacob J. Mar- 
tinek received excellent training in his youth, and he was graduated in 
the gymnasium at Taus, Bohemia. In 1882, when eighteen years of 
age, he severed the gracious home ties and set forth to seek his fortunes 
in America, whither he came as a stranger in a strange land and with 
practically no knowledge of the English language. From New York 
city he made his way to Manitowoc, Wisconsin, where he attended high 
school for one year and thus fitted himself to meet such exigencies as 
might arise. He first secured employment in a glue factory in Manito- 
woc, and at the expiration of one year he removed thence to Oconto, 
that state, where he passed one year. He next went to Owen, Marinette 
county, Wisconsin, where he passed two and one-half years as clerk in 
the mercantile establishment of Marshall & Holmes. He was next found 
incumbent of the position of bookkeeper for Joseph Kadlec, of Spruce, 
Wisconsin, where he remained one year, and at the expiration of this 
period, in the autumn of 1886, he came to Menominee, Michigan, where 
he secured a position as clerk in a grocery store located at the corner 
of Ludington avenue and Kirby street. Thereafter he was clerk and 
bookkeeper in the Geoi^e Horvath establishment for eight years, and 
for the ensuing two years he was a salesman in the dry-goods depart- 
ment of the large general store of the Kirby- Carp enter Company. Con- 
cerning the career of Mr. Martinek since he came to Menominee the 
following pertinent statements are so apropos as to be worthy of per- 
petuation in this volume: 

"Jacob J. Martinek went into business for himself on the 1st of 
January, 1898. He had come to Menominee in 1886 and his business 
career in this city was started as a clerk in some of the best stores the 
city then possessed. The young man devoted his evenings to study and 
became specially interested in matters connected with insurance and 
real estate. He determined late in 1897 to start the new year as his own 
employer, and so, on January 1, 1898, he began business as an insur- 
fince agent in one room in the Masonic block. He began as a represen- 
tative of two fire insurance companies. Today he is the agent and rep- 



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706 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

resentative here of twenty-four of the leading insurance companies. 
Prom such a modest beginning his business has grown until it today in- 
cludes fire and life and accident insurance, as well as a department 
offering indemnity for toss through the agency of storms, toiler ex- 
plosions, etc. He has a successful real-estate business and has handled 
a large amomit of farm property, both improved and unimproved. His 
agents have been specially successful in their operations in southern 
Wisconsin, and a large number of desirable colonists have bought from 
Mr. Martinek the lands which they are rapidly developing into valuable 
farms. The real-estate branch of his business includes loans and mort- 
gages, and he very naturally extended his operations into the business 
of furnishing abstracts. This department Mr. Martinet installed in 
1902, and he now has a complete and accurate record of all real estate 
in Menominee county and city. He maintains a department devoted 
to steamship agencies, and furnishes tickets both to and from foreign 
ports. He also furnishes security bonds and general commercial sure- 
ties. 

"If Jacob J. Martinek had not believed in the future of Menominee 
county and city he might have been discouraged over the misfortunes 
that beset him at the start. "When his business outgrew the one room 
in the Masonic block he moved to the Spies building, and there he was 
humed out with the other tenants in the disastrous fire of 1900. Un- 
daunted, he again began business in the one room in the Masonic block, 
where he had started in 1898, and there he remained until 1903, since 
which time he has occupied a. ground floor building at 928 Main street. 
This is well equipped in every way for the special requirements of his 
business. He has competent assistants in charge of every department 
Mid his business is rapidly increasing every year." 

The honorable and straightforward policy observed by Mr. Martinek 
in every detail of his business operations has gained to him unequivocal 
popular confidence, and he has so employed his splendid energies as to 
gain a success well worthy of the name, the while he holds prestige as 
one of the representative business men and leal and loyal citizens of 
Menominee, where his interests are centered and where he has an at- 
tractive home at 307 Chandler street. In politics Mr. Martinek is 
aligned as a stanch supporter of the cause of the Democratic party, and 
he served one term as supervisor of the Fourth ward of the city, an 
office to which he was elected in 1901. He and his wife are communi- 
cants of the Catholic church, holding membership in the parish of St. 
Adelbert, and he is identified with the local organizations of the Knights 
of Columbus, the Catholic Order of Foresters, the Modem Woodmen of 
America, the Menominee Turn Verein, and the Modern Brotherhood of 
America. 

On the 25th of June, 1894, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Mar- 
tinek to Miss Agnes Doubek, who was bom in the city of Taus, Bo- 
hemia, and who is a daughter of Anton and Anna Doubek, the former 
of whom died in his native land at the age of sixty years, and the latter 
of whom is stiil living in Bohemia. Mr. and Mrs. Martinek have two 
children r Edward M. and Helen M. 

"William G. Suthekland. — ^Prominently identified with railroad in- 
terests in the Upper Peninsula and enjoying unqualified popularity in 
his home city, Mr, Sutherland holds the office of joint ticket agent at 
Sault Ste. Marie for the Duluth. South Shore & Atlantic, the Minne- 
apolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie, and the Canadian Pacific Railroads, 
and he has proved a most discriminating and efficient executive in the 
position noted. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 707 

William C. Sutherland was born in the attractive little city of Lon- 
don, province of Ontario, Canada, on the 26th of October, 1861, and is 
of the stanchest of Scottish lineage in both the agnatic and cognate 
strains. He is a son of Rev. William R. and Marian (Ross) Sutherland, 
the former of whom was bom in Sutherlandshire, in the extreme north 
of Scotland, in 1822, and the latter of whom was born at Woodstock, 
province of Ontario, Canada, in 1838, of Scotch ancestry. The parents 
were married at Woodstock, Ontario, and concerning their nine chil- 
dren the following brief record is given : Margaret is the widow of Dr. 
Samuel D. Frederick and resides at Salem, Michigan; Elizabeth is the 
wife of Archibald McBachern, of Gleneoe, Ontario; William C. is the 
immediate subject of this review; Owen, who died in December, 1908, 
at the age of forty-two years, was at the time serving as Canadian emi- 
gration inspector at Winnipeg, Manitoba; Lexie is the wife of Rev. 
John H. Clark, a clergyman of the Presbyterian church, and they re- 
side at Calgary, province of Alberta, Canada; Jlinnie is the wife of 
A. M. Wightman, of Burwell Road, Ontario; John H. is a resident of 
San Bernardino, California, and is an engineer on the Southern Pacific 
Railroad; Miss Nettie is in the employ of the Canadian government at 
Edmunton, Manitoba; and Bernice, who died March 4, 1910, was the 
wife of William H. Grove, a resident of Fergus, Ontario. 

Rev. William Ross Sutherland was seven years of age at the time 
of his parents' emigration from Scotland to Nova Scotia, where he se- 
cured his early educational discipline. He later returned to Scotland, 
where he completed the classical course in the University of Edinburg, 
in which he was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He was 
ordained a clergyman of the Presbyterian church at London, Ontario. 
He returned from Scotland to America when twenty-three years of age 
and located at Gleneoe, Ontario, where he held the pastoral charge of 
Knox Presbyterian church for a full half century, without interruption. 
He was a man of line intellectuality and fervent piety, and his life was 
one of utmost consecration to the work of his noble calling, in which 
he labored zealously for the uplifting of his fellow men. At Gleneoe 
he and his wife celebrated their golden wedding, and it was made an 
occasion of much affectionate enthusiasm on the part of the people of 
the community in which the venerable pastor and his gracious helpmeet 
had so long lived and labored. He was the owner of a farm near Glen- 
eoe, and gave his supervision to its reclamation and cultivation. On 
this fine homestead his loved and devoted wife continued to reside until 
she was summoned to eternal rest, in 1896, and there he died in 1900, 
at the age of seventy-eight years, secure in the reverent regard of all 
who knew him. 

On the old homestead just mentioned William C. Sutherland was 
reared to maturity under most gracious influences, as he wased strong 
in physical powers under the stiirdy discipline of the farm, the while 
the home was one of most generous and cultured order. He was af- 
forded the advantages of the public schools of Gleneoe and continued 
to be associated in the work and management of the home farm until 
he had attained to his legal majority. He then went to the city of De- 
troit, Michigan, where he was employed as driver on the old-time horse 
street-cars for about one year, after which he passed a year in the mining 
district of northern Ontario. The following year was passed in the 
state of Minnesota, and he then returned to Michigan and for six months 
he was employed as a teacher in a district school in Washtenaw county. 
At Salem, that county, he learned the art of telegraphy, and in January^ 
1888, he came to the Upper Peninsula and assumed the position of tele- 



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708 TUB NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

graph operator for the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Rail- 
road at Delta Junction, whence he was shortly afterward transferred to 
Manistique, where he remained one year. Thereafter he continued in 
the service of the same company, at varioi^ points until the 1st of 
March, 1888, when he assumed the office of assistant to Frank E. 
Ketchum, joint agent at Sault Ste. Marie for the three railroads men- 
tioned in the opening paragraph of this article. He served in this ca- 
pacity until 1907, when he succeeded to the office of joint agent, of which 
he has since continued the efficient and popular incumbent. 

Mr. Sutherland is a Republican in his political allegiance. He is 
affiliated with Bethel Lodge, No. 358, Free and Accepted Masons, of 
which he is master for the year 1910 ; Sault Ste. Marie Chapter, No. 126, 
Royal Arch Masons ; Sault Ste. Marie Council, No. 69, Royal and Select 
Masters; Sault Ste. Marie Commandery, No. 45, Knights Templar; and 
Ahmed Temple of the Mystic Shrine in the city of Marquette. He also 
holds membership in the local lodge of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. 

On the 29th of October, 1890, Mr. Sutherland was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Alma Nixon, who was bora at Byron,Ontario, and who is 
a daughter of Dr. Alexander and Eliza Nixon. Dr. Nixon was born in 
Ireland and in early life was a resident of Australia. He finally en- 
gaged in the practice of medicine at Napier, Ontario, where he continued 
to reside until his death, and his widow now resides at Watford, that 
province. Of their five children Mrs. Sutherland is the eldest; Mabel 
is the wife of William J. Howden, of Watford, Ontario; Dr. James is a 
representative physician and surgeon at Adrian, Michigan; Amy, the 
wife of Richard Truman of Strathroy, Ontario, died September 24, 
1906; and Victoria remains with her widowed mother. Mr. and Mrs. 
Sutherland have one child, Dorothy V., who was born on the 22d of 
January, 1901. 

John P. McColl, engaged in the abstract and real estate business 
at Eseanaba, Michigan, is well known throughout Delta county, which 
he served three terms as county clerk. Mr. McColl is of Canadian birth 
and Scotch descent. He was born at Chatham, Canada, January 5, 
1851, son of Duncan and Mary (MeCrea) McColl. Duncan McColl was 
a native of Scotland, who, when a young man, crossed the Atlantic to 
Canada, where he married and reared a family. In early life he was a 
school teacher; later he served as city clerk and filled other public 
offices. He died at the age of fifty-six years. His wife reached the 
extreme old age of eighty-nine. In their family were three daughters 
and three sons ; two of the latter died in infancy. 

At about the age of fourteen, John P. McColl started out to make 
his own way in the world. He had attended common school near his 
home, but soon he felt the need of further education and subsequently 
he took a course in a commercial college at Detroit. Afterward he en- 
tered the employ of the Jackson Iron Company, at Fayette, Delta 
county, where he served as bookkeeper until 1886, when he was elected 
clerk of Delta county. He was twice re-elected to this office, and served 
three terms of two years each, this official preferment coming from the 
Democratic party. 

While clerk and register of deeds, Mr. McColl compiled a set of ab- 
stract books, and since the expiration of his service in that office he has 
devoted much of his time to the abstract business and is regarded as an 
authority on the subject. Also he has deait in real estate, handling farm 
and timber lands extensively. 



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THE NOETHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 70fl 

In 1877, Mt. MeColl married Miss Edith Willson, daughter of J. C 
Willson, of Eseaoabai and to them have been given five daughters, 
namely: Mary, Grace, Maud, June and Jean. He and his family are 
identified with the Presbyterian church. 

Patrick Flanagan. — Prominent among the more prosperous and 
enterprising business men of Dickinson county is Patrick Flanagan, who 
has been identified with different lines of industry, and as president of 
the Sagola Lumber Company is carrying on a substantial business in 
_Sagola. He was bom, March 17, 1849, in county Westmeath, Ireland, 
which was likewise the birthplace of his parents, John and Margaret 
(Cleary) Flanagan. 

In 1849, accompanied by his wife and two children, John Flanagan 
came in a sailing vessel to America, being six weeks on the ocean. Land- 
ing in New York, he was for a time employed on the New York Central 
railroad. In 1856 he removed with his family to Wisconsin, becoming 
a pioneer of Freedom township, Outagamie county. Securing a tract 
of timbered land, he erected a log cabin and a log barn, and then began 
the arduous task of redeeming a farm from the forest. Each winter 
for a number of years he was employed in lumbering, the remainder of 
the time being employed in clearing the land and tilling the soil. Suc- 
cessful in his undertakings, he bot^ht adjoining farms, one of which, 
located just across the road from his homestead, had a good set of frame 
buildings on it. He continued his agricultural labors until his death, 
in 1885, at the age of sixty-seven years. His wife survived him ten years, 
passing away in 1895. They were the parents of nine children, as fol- 
lows : Mary, who died in Ohio, at the age of six years ; Patrick, the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Michael, ex-judge of probate of Langlade county, 
"Wisconsin; John, deceased; Thomas, of Iron River; Bernard, owning 
and occupying the old homestead in Wisconsin; James, residing in the 
state of Washington; Catherine, wife of James Murphy, of Seymour 
township ; and Margaret, a teacher, who died at the age of nineteen years. 

Patrick Flanagan, the only member of the parental household now 
living that was born in Ireland, was but a few months old when brought 
to this country. He acquired his youthful knowledge in the district 
schools of Freedom township, living with his parents until sixteen years 
old. Coming then to Michigan, he spent that summer at Negaunee, and 
in the fall, with two companions, started westward, going by rail from 
Chicago to Saint Louis, and from there by boat up the Missouri river 
to Leavenworth, Kansas, where the three boys entered the service of the 
government as teamsters. On September 1, 1865, they left Leavenworth, 
each boy driving a team consisting of five yoke of oxen attached to a 
wagon loaded with provisions, their point of destination being Fort 
Union, New Mexico. On reaching the Cimarron river they were snow 
hound, and had to spend the winter there, with nothing to do excepting 
to look after their teams. Pushing on to the Fort in the spring, they were 
paid off, and Mr. Flanagan found employment in the quartermaster's 
office. Building was going on at the Port, and he assisted in laying 
brick, and learned the trade, which he followed a year. Going then to 
Black Hawk, Colorado, he worked at his trade a year, his companions in 
the meantime prospecting and discovering gold. Mr. Flanagan acquired 
a third interest in the mine, and was successfully engaged in mining for 
a year, when the supply of gold failed and he and his companions mined 
for a while at a loss. Going into the mine one day to make examinations, 
Mr, Flanagan was so seriously injured by a cave-in that he was confined 
to his bed in Central City for about nine months. Returning then to 



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710 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF itlGHIGAN 

■Wisconsin, he taught school in Sagola until the fall of 1872, when he 
entered Lawrence University, at Appleton, "Wisconsin, where he con- 
tinued his studies three years. 

Accepting then the position of superintendent of the schools of 
Outagamie county, he devoted his attention to the duties of his office 
until 1880. In that year, having previously become interested with his 
father in stock raising, Mr. Flanagan came to the Upper Peninsula with 
a drove of cattle, and visited Ishpeming, Vulean, Norway, Iron Mountain 
and Quinnesec, the terminus of the railroad. Being induced to establish 
a meat market in Norway, he operated it successfully for twenty years, 
during which time he had organized the Sagola Lumber Company, of 
which he was elected vice-president. Not until 1898, however, did Mr. 
Flanagan take an active part in the affairs of the Company. Removing 
to Sagola in that year, he has since devoted his time and energy to 
advancing the interests of this company, and, in 1905, having purchased 
the interests of one of the partners, was made president of the Company. 

Mr, Flanagan married, in 1876, Margaret Hayes, who was bom in 
Cleveland, Ohio, of Irish ancestry. Her father, John Hayes, was for 
many years a well-to-do farmer of East Holland, Brown county, Ohio. 
Mr. and Mi-s. Flanagan have two children, John J. and Mary. John J,, 
vice-president of the Sagola Lumber Company, has inherited in a marked 
degree the business ability of his father, but not his politics, as he is a 
true-blue Republican, while Mr. Flanagan is an uncompromising Demo- 
crat, He married Rachel Thomas, of Spokane, Washington, and they 
have one child, Hortense. Mary is the mfe of Henry Newkirk, M. D., 
of Iron Mountain, Mr. Flanagan served two terms as coroner while in 
Menominee county, and for fourteen years was justice of the peace in 
Norway, while on the organization of Dickinson county he was appointed 
as the first judge of probate and was six years chairman of the county 
board and finally had to refuse to again become a candidate. He is a 
member of t!ie Catholic Order of Foresters at Norway, The family are 
members of the Catholic church. 

IIakby H, Allyn. — One of Escanaba's most enterprising citizens, 
Harry H. Allyn, cashier of the State Savings Bank, was born in Cleve- 
and, Ohio, January 20, 1865. His father, Albert Allyn, was born in 
"Wellington, Lorain county, Ohio. He studied law and was a practic- 
ing attorney for many years, dying at the age of forty-seven. He 
took a prominent part in public affairs, and served many years as a 
member of the school board. He was of a well known family as his 
father was one of the pioneer settlers of the "Western Reserve, Albert 
Allyn married Abiah King, a native of Pittsfield, Ohio, and Mrs. 
Allyn 's people were early settlers also of the "Western Reserve. They 
were parents of one son and five daughters. 

The early education of Harry H. Allyn was acquired at Oberlin, 
Ohio, and later he attended business college at Cleveland, He re- 
moved to Escanaba, Michigan, in 1887, and became employed as col- 
lector and bookkeeper, which occupation he followed twenty-one and 
a half years, in the employ of the First National Bank. In 1909 he 
accepted a position as cashier with the State Savings Bank, being well 
recommended for this position by his long and faithful service with 
the First National. Mr. Allyn is a man of unquestioned honesty and 
integrity, well fitted by education and experience for business life. 
The institution with which he is at present associated is established 
on a sure foundation, and the men who have it in charge include 
some of the most conservative and successful business men of the 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 711 

community. The bank has a capital stock of $50,000, with a surplus 
of $4,000, and carries on a general banking business, paying special 
attention to savings accounts, etc. A. R. Moore is president, and Dr. 
H. B. Reynolds, vice-president. Mr. Allyn has taken an active interest 
in public affairs, and at one time served as a member of the school 
board of Escanaba. He is treasurer of the blue lodge of the Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, also belongs to the eommandery. He is 
well known in the city, where he has universal confidence and respect. 
Mr. Allyn married, September 26, 1891, Jessie L., daughter of June 
Cox, of Eseanaba, and they have two sons, Albert, an employe of the 
State Savings Bank, and "Whitney, seven years of age, 

James V. Piper.-— Distinguished as one of the pioneers of the Upper 
Peninsula, James V. Piper came to Iron River in the very early days 
of its existence, while his wife has the distinction of having lived in 
this vicinity longer than any other white woman, having come here to 
board miners in 1881. Mr. Piper was bom, March 20, 1857, in Arm- 
strong county, Pennsylvania, a son of William Piper, Jr., a native of 
the Keystone state, and a grandson of "William Piper, Sr., who there 
spent his entire life. 

William Piper, Jr., learned the millwright's trade when young, 
and after settling in Armstrong county carried that on in connection 
with general farming, owning and superintending the management of 
a good farm. He there lived to the good old age of three score and 
ten years, an esteemed and respected citizen. He married Jane 
Mickey, who was born in Pennsylvania, a daughter of William Mickey. 
She survived him, spending her last years in Westmoreland county, 
Pennsylvania. 

Attending the district school and assisting on the home farm, 
James V. Piper remained with his parents until eighteen years old, 
when he began working in a shingle mill. Coming to Iron River, 
Michigan, in August, 1882, he was for a while employed in a shingle 
mill at the Daber mine, afterwards being engaged in mining on his 
own account for eight years. Then, taking up a homestead about 
twelve miles out, in townships forty-two and thirty-six, he subse- 
quently worked a part of the time at the mines and a part of the time 
in clearing his own land and getting out logs, living on the homestead 
seven years. In 1900 Mr. Piper built the Piper House, a commodious 
frame structure, two stories in height, containing about fifty rooms, 
and conducted it successfully for five years, when he leased it. In 
the meantime and since he has been actively engaged in exploring in 
the surrounding country, exploring not only the Young Mine but the 
McParland and Buckholta properties. 

Mr. Piper married, in 1900, Mrs. Catherine (Donovan) Harrington, 
who was born in South Boston, Massachusetts, a daughter of Jeremiah 
Donovan. Her father, a native of county Cork, Ireland, emigrated to 
Massachusetts, locating in South Boston, where he and his wife spent 
their remaining days. The maiden name of his wife was Johanna Col- 
lins, and she was a cousin of Hon. Patrick Collins, for many years 
prominent in the public affairs of Boston. Catherine Donovan mar- 
ried for her first husband, in Lowell, Massachusetts, James Harring- 
ton, a native of that city, being a son of John and Mary Harrington 
In 1879 Mr. and Mrs. Harrington came to the Upper Peninsula, and 
for two years kept a boarding house at Quinnesec. In 1881, at the 
earnest solicitation of the Stambaugh Mining Company, they came 
to what is now Iron county, making the removal with mule teams. 



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712 THK NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

and pitched their camp near the present site of the Stamhaugh Rail- 
way Station, Mrs, Harrington for many months thereafter being the 
only white woman within a radius of several miles. The following 
year they bought the lot now occupied by the Piper House, built a 
small frame dwelling, and Mrs. Piper has ever since been a resident 
of Iron River. By her first marriage she had four children, all of 
whom are now deceased, namely: James, John, Willie and Maggie. 

Geoege J. EiSELE.— A man of good business ability and tact, wise in 
his judgment and systematic in his methods, Geoi^e J. Eisele has won 
success in the mining regions as assistant superintendent of the Oliver 
Mining Company's properties and is ably and satisfactorily performing 
the duties devolving upon him. He has been a resident of Iron Mountain 
for many years and is widely known as a man of sterling character and 
worth. A native of Ohio, he was born on the 14th of June, 1867, in the 
city of Cleveland and he traces his ancestry back to stanch German 
origin. His father, George Eisele, was born in Wurtemberg, Germany, 
and there obtained his early education. He afterward served an appren- 
ticeship at the shoe-maker's trade and upon completing it he immediately 
immigrated to the United States in search of a favorable location. Set- 
tling in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1855, he opened a retail boot and shoe store 
and also established a shop, where he kept several men busily employed 
making boots and shoes to order. He met with very good success in his 
operations and built up an extensive and lucrative trade both as a mer- 
chant and as a manufacturer, continuing to be thus identified throughout 
the remainder of his active career. Having accumulated a fair share of 
this world's wealth, he is now living retired in Cleveland. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Louisa Zeller, was born at Frankfort-on-the- 
Main and came to this country when a young woman. She passed away 
in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1908, being survived by five children, namely, 
Emma, George J. (the immediate subject of this sketch), Edward A., 
Mai^aret and Ella. 

George J. Eisele was a regular attendant of the Cleveland public 
schools until thirteen years old, when he became messenger boy in the 
office of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, remaining in that posi- 
tion about six months. The ensuing five years he served as clerk in a 
general store and while thus employed attended evening school, where, 
by diligent study, he completed a full course in shorthand. Thus 
equipped, Mr. Eisele was for a year stenographer in the office of the 
Detroit & Cleveland Steam & Navigation Company, after which he was 
freight solicitor for the same company for a time. He was later era- 
ployed in the local freight office of the Big Four (Cleveland, Cincinnati, 
Chicago and St. Louis) Railroad Company, in Cleveland, until 1890, 
when he resigned that position and removed to Iron Mountain, Dickinson 
county, Michigan, where he entered the employ of the Chapin Mining 
Company in the capacity of stenographer and clerk. In 1900 he removed 
to Ishpeming, where he was superintendent of the Winthrop Mine until 
March, 1901, when the mine was closed. Returning then to Iron Moun- 
tain he was chief clerk and cashier in the office of the Chapin Mining 
Company until 1903, when he became assistant superintendent of the 
Oliver Mining Company's properties, an incumbency which he has re- 
tained to the present time. 

Mr. Eisele married, November 25, 1892, Miss Hattie Riendeau, who 
was bom in Oconto, Wisconsin, a daughter of Louis Riendeau. Mr. Rien- 
deau was born in the province of Quebec, Canada, of French ancestry. 
He came to the states when a young man, locating in Oconto, Wisconsin. 



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THE NORTHERN PExN'INSULA OP MICHIUAN 713 

At the outbreak of the Civil war he enlisted in Company G, Seventeenth 
Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, and with his regiment in all of its 
marches, battles and campaigns, including the march with Sherman to 
the sea, he participated in the Grand Review, in Washington, D. C, in 
June, 1865, and was mustered out July 14, 1865. Returning to Oconto, 
Wisconsin, after his discharge, Mr. Riendeau opened a general store in 
that place, also a hotel, and there lived until his death, July 4, 1909. He 
mairied Miss Jarvis, who was born at Green Bay, Wisconsin, where her 
father, Maxim Jarvis, was one of the pioneer settlers and an Indian 
trader and for several years government agent to the Indiana, one of 
whom, it is thought, murdered him to get the money which he had re- 
ceived from the government to pay to the Redskins. The maiden name 
of the wife of Maxim Jarvis was Elizabeth Greenough, who was of 
French ancestry. The mother of Mrs. Eisele was summoned to the life 
eternal in November, 1904, leaving six children; Mamie, Hattie, Mel- 
vina, Exilda, Josephine and Maxim, Jr. Mr, and Mrs. Eisele are the 
parents of three children, namely, Louis G., Dudley E. and Louise. Pra- 
temally Mr. Eisele is a member of Iron Mountain Lodge, No. 388, Free 
& Accepted Masons; Iron Mountain Chapter, No. 121, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons; and Iron Mountain Lodge, No. 700, B. P. 0. E. 

Frank G. Fernsteum.— The city of Menominee originally owed its 
business prestige to the great lumbering industry of this section of 
the state but in later years it has forged rapidly to the front as a 
manufacturing and distributing headquarters, and among those who 
have assisted materially in conserving its precedence along these lines 
is Mr. Fernstrum, who is the proprietor of the Menominee Boiler 
Works. Frank G. Fernstrum is one of the sterling citizens contributed 
to the Upper Peninsula by the far Norseland. He was bom in Wes- 
tergotland, Sweden, on the 11th of Rlay, 1844. He was reared to man- 
hood in his native land, where he received good educational advan- 
tages and where he learned the trade of boiler maker. His parents 
passed their entire lives in Sweden. When nineteen years of age he 
became an employe in the machine shop and ship yard in which were 
built steamships and railroad engines. In this connection he gained 
valuable experience. In 1869 he emigrated to America, makmg the 
early stages of the trip by way of Glasgow, Scotland, and arriving in 
New Tork city on the 3rd of July of that year. Prom the national 
metropolis he made his way westward, and a comparison between 
railroad facilities in that period and the present may be offered in the 
statement that the train on which he took passage utilized four nights 
and three days in making the trip from New York to Chicago. Mr. 
Fernstrum recalls that he made a stop of one hour in the city of Cleve- 
land on the Fourth of July and that he was much interested by the 
sounds of the national celebration, which to him was strange, as he 
did not know the occasion and was unable to speak the English lan- 
guage at the time. Upon his arrival in Chicago, the young emigrant 
set about to seek employment, but he found himself handicapped by 
his unfamiliarify with the language of the country, so that he was 
unable to find employment. In the meanwhile his financial resources 
became reduced to a disquieting minimum and from Chicago he finally 
went to Aurora, Illinois, where "he remained for a short time. He 
then came to the north country and in Marinette, Wisconsin, the twin 
city of Menominee, Michigan, ho found employment with the firm of 
Ilamilton-Merrymen & Company, in whose saw mill he was employed 
for one month, and from then until March, 1873, he was with the 



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714 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Menominee River Lumber Company. In 1873 the firm of Young & 
Bums organized the Menominee Boiler Works and Mr. Pernstrum 
secured employment in connection with this enterprise. lie was thus 
enabled to demonstrate his technical skill at his trade and lie contin- 
ued thus employed until 1882. Mr. Young, the senior member of the 
firm which established the boiler works, purchased his partner's in- 
terest in 1875 and thereafter Mr, Fernstrum was in the employ of 
Mr. Young until the year 1882. He then manifested a desire to go 
east, in order to secure more profitable employment, but Mr. Young 
was so appreciative of his ability and service that he prevailed upon 
him to remain in Menominee and sold to him a one-quarter interest 
in the business. The enterprise was continued under the firm name 
of Lewis Young & Company until Mr. Young met an accidental death 
in November, 1886. Thereafter Mr. Pernstrum continued as superin- 
tendent of the establishment and business until January, 1888, when 
he purchased from the estate of his former and honored employer, 
Lewis Young, the entire business. Shortly afterward he admitted to 
partnership C. J. Fred, a practical boiler maker and plate worker, the 
subject of this sketch retaining a three-fourths interest in the busi- 
ness. In 1895 Mr. Pernstrum purchased his partner's interest and 
since that time he has individually continued the large and prosperous 
enterprise, under the title of the Menominee Boiler "Works, being sole 
proprietor. In the well equipped plant are manufactured steam boil- 
ers of the best type and various kinds of sheet iron work, besides 
which a general repair department is maintained. The works and 
office are located at 1208 Ogden avenue. Mr. Pemstrum's son, John 
E., is foreman of the shops and his son, Herbert W., now has executive 
charge of the office affairs of the concern. Mr. Fernstrum has been 
a man of indefatigable industry and perseverance and through his 
well directed efforts has achieved a worthy success. He is numbered 
among the substantial, reliable and valued business men of Menom- 
inee and is a citizen who commands unqualified confidence and esteem. 
He gives his political support to the Republican party and be and his 
wife are members of the Swedish-Lutheran church. 

On the 30th of October, 1869, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Fernstrum to Miss Christiana Carolina Lagergren who, like himself, 
is a native of Sweden, whence she came to America when young. Mr. 
and Mrs. Pernstrum are the parents of ten children, of whom eight 
are now living. Concerning them the following brief record is given: 
Rosina C. is the wife of the Rev. C. S. Nelson, who is a clergyman of 
the Swedish-Lutheran church, and they reside in South Dakota ; John 
B. is associated with his father's business, as has already been noted; 
Ellen Marie is the wife of George Quimby of Menominee; Caroline J. 
is the wife of Harry II. Hulbert and they reside in the city of Green 
Bay, "Wisconsin; Herbert W., Albert, Benjamin and Mabel remain at 
the parental home. 

Samuel A. Reid. — For nearly a quarter of a century a resident of 
Ironwood, Samuel A, Reid has wisely improved every opportunity for 
advancing not only his own interests but the welfare of his adopted 
town and county, his influence as a man of honor and integrity being 
felt throughout the community. He has been variously employed 
since coming to Gogebic county, for the past seventeen years carrying 
on a substantial business as a provision dealer. A native of Ontario, 
Canada, he was born, April 13, 186f), in the Muskoka district, where 
his father, Samuel A. Eeid, Sr., lived for a few years. He is of Irish 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 716 

ancestry, his grandparents, William and Grace Rcid, having emi- 
grated from Ireland, their native country, to the province of Ontario, 
Canada, locating at Freelton, where they reclaimed a farm from the 
wilderness and spent their remaining years. 

Samuel A. Reid, Sr., was horn on the home farm in Freelton, 
"Wentworth county, Ontario, Canada, and there was bred and edu- 
cated. When a young man he became a resident of the United States, 
and during the Civil war served as a soldier in the Union army. After 
receiving his honorable discharge, he returned to Canada, locating in 
the Muskoka district. About 1870 he again came to the "States," 
settling first at Bay City, Wisconsin, and from there going to Green- 
ville, Michigan, where he followed his trade of a carpenter for a time. 
He subsequently spent a few years in Ironwood, Gogebic comity, but 
is now a resident of Virginia, Minnesota. He has been twice married. 
He married first Annie Stewart, who was horn in Dundee, Scotland, 
and came with her parents to America. Her father, Charles Stewart, 
purchased a tract of wild land in Starhane, Wentworth county, prov- 
ince of Ontario, and in addition to clearing and improving a farm 
followed his trade of a stone mason to some extent, living there the 
remainder of his life. Mrs. Annie (Stewart) Reid died about 1877, 
leaving three children, Samuel A., the subject of this sketch, Erie and 
Grace, Mr, Reid subsequently married for his second wife Mary 
Cooley, and they have four children, Eli, Frank, Leslie and Mildred. 

Acquiring a practical common-school education in the days of his 
youth, Samuel A. Reid began working when a boy, first being em- 
ployed on a farm, then in a lumber mill, and afterward turning his 
attention to carpentry. In 1886 he made his advent into the new 
town of Ironwood, coming here when all of the western part of the 
Upper Peninsula was included within the limits of Ontonagon county 
and was covered with a heavy growth of timber. Ironwood was a 
small hamlet, the greater part of the town site being a beautiful wood- 
land. Mr. Reid followed his trade in this vicinity for a time, after- 
ward serving as assistant postmaster under E. B. Williams. He was 
later clerk in a meat market until 1893, when he engaged in the pro- 
vision business on his own account, meeting with such satisfactory 
success in that branch of mercantile pursuits' that he has continued 
it until the present time. 

Mr. Eeid married, in 1891, Ellen Ryan, who was horn in Rockland, 
Michigan, a daughter of John Ryan, a native of Ireland and a pioneer 
settler of Ontonagon county, Michigan. Two children have been born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Reid, Samuel A., Jr., and Lloyd Stewart. A sound 
Republican in his political relations, Mr. Reid has rendered excellent 
service as a member of the County Board of Supervisors, representing 
the Second ward. Fraternally he belongs to Ironwood Lodge, Knights 
of Columbus; and to Saint Amiirose Court, No. 362, Catholic Order 
of r 



Haeby S. Buell, D. D. S.— The profession of dentistry, which has 
reached so remarkable a development within the past two decades, 
represents both a science and a mechanic art, and among its most 
able and popular exponents in the Upper Peninsula is numbered Dr. 
Buell, who is engaged in the active practice of his profession in the 
city of Menominee, where he has an office and laboratories equipped 
with the most modern appliances and facilities, and where he is 
known as one well able to utilize the most approved methods known 
to dental science, according to the hif^h standard maintained in 



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7]6 TUB NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

America. He has been a resident of Menominee since his boyhood 
days, and has witnessed its upbuilding as an important industrial 
city and attractive place of residence. His loyalty to the city is of 
the most unequivocal type, and he is one of the distinctively progres- 
sive and public spirited citizens of this section of the Upper Peninsula. 

Dr. Harry S. Buell was born in Reading, Hillsdale county, Michi- 
gan, on the 26th of December, 1873, and to the public schools of his 
native town he is indebted for his early educational discipline. He 
was about fifteen years of age at the time of his removal to Menomi- 
nee, where he completed the curriculum of the high school, in which 
he was graduated as a member of the class of 1892. After leaving 
school he began the study of denistry in the office and under the 
able preceptorship of Dr. Joseph D. Crawford, in Menominee, his 
honored preceptor having been one of the ablest representatives of his 
profession in this section of the state. In this way Dr. Buell gained 
most valuable information and practical experience, and the second 
year following he entered the dental department of the University of 
Michigan, in which he was graduated as a member of the class of 
1896, and from which he received the degree of Doctor of Dental 
Surgery. He forthwith returned to Menominee and entered into a 
professional partnership with his former preceptor, Kr. Crawford, 
and this mutually gratifying and productive alliance continued, under 
the firm name of Crawford & Buell, from 1896 to 1899, in which lat- 
ter year Dr. Buell established himself in an individual practice, in 
which he has successfully continued during the intervening period. 
He controls a large and essentially representative professional busi- 
ness, and his finely appointed ofBees are of the best modern type in 
the matter of equipment and facilities, as has already been noted. 
He is a member of the Michigan State Dental Society; is a stanch 
Republican in his political proclivities; is affiliated with Menominee 
Lodge No. 269, Free & Accepted Masons; Menominee Camp, Modern 
Woodmen of America; and both he and his wife are zealous mem- 
bers of the First Presbyterian church. 

Dr. Buell is a son of Orlando P. and Mary Elizabeth (Sizer) Buell. 
The father was bom in Loekport, New York, on the 25th of March, 
1824, and, venerable in. years, he is now living a retired citizen in the 
city of Menominee. His mother was born in Blanford, Massachusetts, 
on the 9th of May, 1842, and her death occurred in the village of 
Reading, Michigan, on the 23rd of November, 1889. Their marriage 
was solemnized in the city of Adrian, Lenawee county, Michigan, on 
the 31st of January, 1870, and of their four children Dr. Buell is the 

On the 20th of June, 1899, Dr. Harry S. Buell was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Josephine B. Robinson, who was born at Chilton, Wis- 
consin, and who is a daughter of Frank and Eliza (McLean) Robin- 
son, the former of whom was likewise a native of Chilton, where he 
was born on the ISth of March, 1849, being a representative of one of 
the sterling pioneer families of the Badger state. Since 1892 he has 
maintained his residence in Menominee, where he is a prominent 
merchant and influential citizen. Mr. Robinson is a Democrat in 
politics, and is affiliated with the Knights of Columbus, his faith be- 
ing that of the Catholic church. His wife was born at Stockbridge, 
Wisconsin, and there married Mr, Robinson in the year 1873. They 
became the parents of five children, of whom Mrs. Buell is the eldest. 
Dr. and Mrs. Buell have two children, Crawford R., bom February 
20, 1902, and Genevieve E., born February 4, 1907. Mrs. Robinson 
died in 1885. 



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717 

Dan n. Ball, one of the able and distinguished members of the bar 
of the state of Michigan and who is recognized as a leading member 
of the profession in the Upper Peninsula, is an honored and influential 
citizen of Jlarcjuette. Jlr. Ball was bom in Sempronius, Cayuga 
county. New York, on the 15th of January, 1836, and ia a son of James 
and Lucy (Chandler) Ball, the former of whom was bom in Vermont 
and the latter in the state of New York. The matornal grandfather 
served as a gallant soldier in the Continental line in the war of the 
Revolutipn, and the paternal grandfather was a soldier in the War of 
1812. The latter removed from Vermont, to the state of New York, 
his ancestors having been numbered among the early settlers of the 
old Green Mountain state. He himself became a pioneer of New York, 
where he continued to reside until about 1836, when he removed to 
Michigan. He passed the closing years of his life in "Washtenaw 
eonnty, this state, and his active career was one of close identification 
with agricultural pursuits. 

James Ball, father of the subject of this review, located in Wash- 
tenaw county, this state, in 1836. about one year prior to the admis- 
sion of the state to the Union. There he reclaimed a farm from the 
wilderness and there he continued to reside until his death, which 
occurred in the spring of 1852. He was a man of sterling integrity 
and of fine mental powers. He was one of the influential men of his 
county, where he was called upon to serve in various offices of public 
trust. His wife long survived him and passed the closing days of her 
life in the home of her daughter, Phoebe M., wife of Henry Lewis, in 
Atlanta, Georgia, where she died in August, I89S, in her ninetieth year. 

Dan n. Bali was an infant at the time o£the family removal from 
the Empire state to Michigan, and he was reared to adult age amidst 
the scenes and influence of the pioneer farm in Washtenaw county. 
His preliminary educational advantages were those afforded in the 
primitive schools of the locality and period, and at the age of fifteen 
years, shortly after the death of his honored father, he entered tho 
Wesleyan Seminary, at Albion, Michigan, where he continued his 
studies about one year. Thereafter he was engaged in teaching school 
For two years, and in the autumn of 1856 he entered the University of 
Michigan, where he continued his studies for one year, when his finan- 
cial resources became so limited as to necessitate his leaving the uni- 
versity. He then resumed teaching and in the meanwhile he became 
H student of law, to which he devoted himself with so much of earn- 
estness that in the autumn of 1860 he was admitted to the law de- 
partment of the University of Michigan, in which he spent one college 
,'ear, and was admitted to the bar at the close of the period. Shortly 
terward, he removed to Marquette to attend to a small mercantile 
usiness that had been left by his deceased brother, James W, He 
-mained in charge of the store for one year, at the expiration of 
uich he disposed of the business and shortly afterward purchased 
I interest in the Lake Superior News, as well as the Lake Superior 
"imal, which were then consolidated and which eventually became 

: Mining Journal, now the leading newspaper of the Upper Feuin- 
,i!a. Mr. Ball continued to be identified with the newspaper business 
jout two years and in the same was associated with Alexander Camp- 
jell, In the autumn of 1862, he was appointed register of the United 
States land office at Marquette to fill a vacancy caused by the death 
of Dr. James St, Clair, Concerning his identification with this office 
the following brief statements have been made: "The office was a 
busy place in those days, for the Civil war had caused great demands 



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718 



THE NORTHERN PENINSULA UF MICHIGAN 



for both iron and copper, and there was a great rush after mineral 
lands in this peninsula. In the discharge of his duties Mr. Ball gave 
sueh satisfaction that on the expiration of hia term he was re-ap- 
pointed, by President Lincoln, and he held the oiBce until 1865. 
"Within this period he also practiced law to a limited extent, but hia 
attention was mostly taken up by other business interests." 

Upon his retirement from the office just mentioned Mr. Ball re- 
sumed the practice of his profession in Marquette, where he remained 
until September, 1866, when he removed to Houghton, where he en- 
tered into a professional partnership with James B. Ross and where 
the firm built up a large and lucrative business. In September, 1870, 
Mr. Ball returned to Marquette, though he still continued for several 
years to be associated with J. H. Chandler in the business at Hough- 
ton. He is now one of the most venerable members of the bar of the 
Upper Peninsula and he has long been recognized as one of its ablest 
members. He has been identified with much of the most important 
litigation in the courts of this section of the state and he is known aa 
a most able and versatile trial lawyer, as well as a counselor admira- 
bly fortified in the learning of his profession. Sincf 1 RPI he has had 
as a professional coadjutor his elder son, James Everett Ball, who 
was graduated in both the literary and law departments of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan. Mr. Ball has been identified with various busi- 
ness enterprises that have tended to conserve the material advance- 
ment of his home city, and he became president of the Marquette Build- 
ing & Loan Association at the time of its organization. His loyalty 
and public spirit have been of the most insistent order and be has 
given freely of his infiuence and aid in support of all measures that 
havp tended to advance the general welfare of the commimity. His 
political allegiance is given to the Republican party and he has served 
in various oifices of public trust, including that of member of the 
Board of Aldermen of Marquette. He was nominated for the offiee 
of circuit judge for the Twenty-fifth circuit but finally declined the 
honor as he preferred to give his undivided attention to his large and 
important law practice. In February, 1895, at the Republican State 
Convention, his name was prominently brought forward in connec- 
tion with the nomination for the office of justice for the supreme 
court. ' He is identified with various fraternal and social organiza- 
tions of representative order, and both he and his wife are members 
of the Protestant Episcopal church. They have been most zealous in 
support of the work of the parish of St, Paul's church and of the 
same Mr. Ball has served as vestryman and warden for many years, 
being at the present time senior warden of the vestry. 

On the 2nd of May, 1863, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Ball 
to Miss Emma E. Everett, who is a daughter of Philo M. Everett, one 
of the early settlers of Marquette, where he became a prominent and 
influential citizen. Of the six children of Mr. and Mrs. Ball, four are 
living; — James E.. who is associated with his father in the practice of 
law at Marquette, married Miss Sarah McConnell of Madison, Wis- 
consin; Charles W,, who died in infancy, in March, 1867; Emily 
M., who was the wife of Clarence M. Smith of Eedlands, Cali- 
fornia, died in May, 1905, leaving three children ; Mabel E, is 
the wife of Walter B. Hill, a lawyer in active practice at East Liver- 
pool, Ohio, and they have four children ; George E, is a captain in the 
United States army; and Helen G. is the wife of John G. Stone of 
Houghton, Michigan, a son of Judge J. W. Stone of the Supreme Court ■ 
of Michigan. They have four children. Mr. Stone has been in part- "* 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF JIICHIGAN 719 

nerahip with Mr. Ball for the past five yuars, in the practice of law at 
Houghton. 

Edoah J. SwAET. — The able and popular chief of police of the city 
of Sault Ste. Marie is a native son of the Wolverine state and a rep- 
resentative of one of its sterling pioneer families. He was long identi- 
fied with the great lumber industry in the Upper Peninsula, but in his 
present office he has found a place in which his services have con- 
served the welfare of the eommimity and have been of the most effi- 
cient and discriminating order. 

Mr. Swart was born in the city of Flint, Genesee county, Michi- 
gan, on the 3d of November, 1850, and ia a son of Martin and Sarah 
(Smith) Swart, the former of whom was born ia Holland, in 1811, and 
the latter of whoni was born in Oldtown, Maine, in 1820. Their mar- 
riage was solemnized at Lockport, New York, and of their seven 
children only three are now living, the subject of this sketch being 
the youngest of this number ; Jeanette is the wife of Andrew S. Smith 
of Chesaning, Saginaw county, this state, and Nancy is the wife of 
James Grant of Montrose, Genesee county. Martin Swart was a son 
of Peter and Martha Swart and waa a mere child at the time of the 
family emigration to America. The lineage of the family is traced 
back to stanch Holland stock, an element that has played an import- 
and part in American history from the earliest colonial epoch. Peter 
Swart first located in New York city and later purchased land near 
Lockport, where he passed the residue of his life. He developed the 
first stone quarries in the state of New York and was a prominent 
and influential citizen of his section of the state ; his wife died in the 
city of New York. Martin Swart, father of the chief of police of the 
"Soo," was reared to maturity in the old Empire state and as a youth 
was employed in a saw mill at Barnegat, New York, in which city he 
maintained his home until 1845, when he removed to the wilds of 
Michigan and located in Genessee county, where he purchased a tract 
of heavily timbered land to the reclamation of which he directed his 
energies. He erected two saw mills and had much to do with the de- 
velopment of that county, where he reclaimed a fine farm, which is 
now owned by the subject of this sketch. On this old homestead he 
continued to reside until his death, which occurred on the 21st of 
March, 1853. His wife long survived him and her death occurred in 
1893. He was a man of sterling attributes of character, was a Whig 
in his political allegiance and both he and his wife were birthright 
members of the Society of Prienda, in harmony with whose aimple 
and noble faith both ordered their livea. 

The present chief of police of Sault Ste. Marie was reared under 
the invigorating discipline of the home farm and his educational train- 
ing was secured in the public schools of Montrose, a village of his 
native county. In 1870 he became associated with his brother Menco 
in lumbering operations. They went to Georgia, and at Brunswick, 
that state, they devoted their attention to lumbering until 1874. 
Thereafter Edgar J. went to Kentucky, where he continued to be 
identified with the same line of enterprise until 1876. On the 23d of 
May of that Centennial year he came to the Upper Peninsula of 
Michigan, where he was concerned with lumbering operationa until 
1891, within which period he was identified with a number of the 
leading lumber coneerna operating in this section of the state. In 
tile year last mentioned he removed to Detour, Chippewa county, 
where he had charge of the coal docks owned by T. C. Anthony until 



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720 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

the spring of 1895, when he was elected county road commisioner, in 
which office he served until 1898. He was then appointed superin- 
tendent of public works in the city of Sault Ste. Marie, and in the 
autumn of the same year he was elected sheriff of Chippewa county. 
Of this office he continued incumbent for four years, having been re- 
elected at the expiration of his first term. In February, 1904, Mr. 
Swart was appointed chief of police, and in this position he has since 
given most able and effective service, administering the affairs of the 
department with consummate discrimination and gaining the confi- 
dence and commendation of the local public. He maintains close dis- 
cipline in his department, and has the confidence and high regard of 
all those employed under him. In politics Mr: Swart is Republican, 
and he has been affiliated with the Masonic fraternity since he was 
twenty-eight years of age, having become an entered apprentice on 
the 2nd of -fuly, 1882. His present affiiiations are with Bethel Lodge 
No. 358, Free & Accepted Masons; Sault Ste. Marie Chapter No. 126, 
Royal Arch Masons; Sault Ste. Marie Council No. 69, Royal & Select 
Masters; Sault Ste. Marie Commandery No. 45, Knights Templars, 
and Ahmed Temple of the Mystic Shrine, at Marquette. He also 
holds membership in the Sault Ste. Marie Lodge No. 552, Benevolent 
& Protective Order of Elks, and with Black Knight Lodge of Michigan. 
In October, 1878, Mr. Swart was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary E. Pratt, who was born in New London, Connecticut, and who 
is a daughter of Dean and Mary T. (Winthrop) Pratt, both of whom 
were likewise born at New London, Connecticut. The father died at 
the age of seventy-nine years and his widow now resides in Say- 
brook, at the age of seventy-one years. Of their three children Mrs. 
Swart is the second in order of birth. Dean W. is a resident of New 
York and Edith J. is the wife of Frank Young, of Saybrook, Con- 
necticut. The father of Mrs. Swart was engaged in the coal business in 
New London until the close of the Civil war, after which he was in the 
employ of the government in the city of Washington until 1875, when he 
came to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and identified himself with the 
lumber industry in Mackinac county, Michigan. He retired from 
active business in 1881, and returned to his native state, passing the 
residue of his life at Saybrook, Connecticut. Mr. and Mrs. Swart 
have three sons and four daughters, namely: Sarah O., who is the 
wife of Oliver F. Jones of Detroit, Michigan; Chester "W., who is a 
resident of Sault Ste. Marie; Azra M., who resides in Sault Ste. 
Marie; Grant A., who is a student in the high school of his home city; 
and Jeanette, Edith and Frances, who remain at the parental home. 

Petlr M. Peterson, proprietor of Peterson Opera House, Escanaba, 
Michigan, has been a resident of this city for a period of thirty-seven 
years and in many ways has been prominently identified with the city 
and county. 

Mr, Peterson was bom in Sweden, June 17, 1845, and was reared in 
his native land, receiving a common school education and serving an 
apprenticeship to the trade of cabinet-maker. In 1869 he emigrated 
to America, coming direct to Michigan and stopping first at Manistique, 
where for four months he worked in a sawmill. Then he came to 
Fayette in Delta county, walking the distance from Manistique along 
the lake shore, and upon his arrival here went to work at the carpen- 
ter's trade. On May 15, 1875, he took up his residence in Eseanaba, 
and for a time continued the work of carpenter and builder here. 
Among his early work here was the building of a home. Prom 1875 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 721 

to 1882 he was in the employ of the Northwestern Railroad Company. 
Afterward he was in the furniture business for a time and for years 
was interested in contracting and building, at one time in partnership 
with O. A. Norman and later with J. V. Linden. In 1893 he sold out 
all his business and purchased the building now known as Peterson 
Opera House. This had originally been a skating rink. Mr. Peterson 
remodeled it, fitting it up for a theatre and hall, and it has since been 
the leading place of entertainment in the city. 

From his early residence here Mr, Peterson has manifested a deep 
interest in public affairs and at different times he has rendered effi- 
cient service in town and county office. His first office was that of 
supervisor, to which he was elected in 1885; in 1887 he was elected 
mayor of Escanaba; he was elected county treasurer in 1888, and in 
1900 he was elected alderman. To the duties of these offices he gave 
his best effort, as he always has to every private enterprise with which 
he has been connected. 

Mr. Peterson has been twice married. In 1874 he married Miss 
Sophia Larson, who bore him four daughters and a son. The son met 
a tragic death by drowning at the age of fourteen. The daughters, 
Lottie, Lucy, Hulda and Lylian, are all residents of Oakland, Cali- 
fornia. In 1902, some years after their mother's death, he married 
Miss Emma Gustaofson, his present wife. 

Mr. Peterson has been a member of the Business Men's Association 
of Escanaba for years, and he also has membership in the K. 0. T. M., 
the B. P. 0. E., and other fraternal organizations. 

Henry G. Neuens.— Prominent among the active and enterprising 
business men of the Upper Peninsula is Henry G. Neuens, who is well 
known as an extensive and prosperous general merchant of Iron Moun- 
tain and as one of the directors of the Commercial Bank, one of the lead- 
ing financial institutions of that place. He was bom, July 23, 1863, at 
Port "Washington, Ozaukee county, "Wisconsin, a son of Michael Neuens. 

Michael Neuens was born in the village of Burglinster, Luxemburg, 
where his parents were life-long residents. He received good educational 
advantages, and when through school was for a while employed as 
watchman at a castle. Emigrating when a young man to the United 
States, he located at Two Rivers, Wisconsin, where he learned the tan- 
ner's trade, which he afterwards followed in different places, including 
Sheboygan and Port Washington in Wisconsin, and Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Subsequently establishing a tannery at Waubecka, he conducted it suc- 
cessfully a number of years, when his plant was destroyed by fire. Form- 
ing a partnership then with his son Edward, he was for a few years en- 
gaged in mercantile business at Predonia Station. He subsequently sold 
his interest in the firm to his son, and thenceforward lived retired from 
business cares at his present home in "Waubecka. He married Mary 
Neuens, who was likewise born in Burglinster, Luxemburg, and although 
bearing the same surname was no relation to him. Her father, Henry 
Neuens, a native of Burglinster, emigrated with his family to America 
about 1854, and was one of the earlier settlers of Predonia township, 
Ozaukee county, Wisconsin, Buying a tract of timbered land, he began 
the pioneer labor of establishing a home in the wilderness, making a clear- 
ing in which to erect a log cabin. There were then no railways in the 
vicinity, Port "Washington, thirteen miles away, being the near^t mill- 
ing and marketing place. After clearing quite a tract of his land he 
sold out and removed to "Waubecka, where he lived retired until his 
death, in 1870. He reared seven children, as foUows: John, Nicholas, 



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722 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP JIICHIGAN 

Peter, Michael, Margaret, Kate and Mary. Six children were burn of 
the union of Miehael and Mary (Neuens) Neuens, namely: Joseph, 
Charles, Henry G., Edward, Martha and Theresa. 

Receiving a good common scliool education in Waubeeka, Wisconsin, 
Henry G. Neuens began his active career at the age of nineteen years as 
a clerk in the general store of C. H. Witt, with whom he remained three 
years. Going then to Milwaukee, he entered the wholesale leather house 
of Christ Anstadt, and while thus engaged took a course of study in the 
Excelsior Business- College. Going then to Sheboygan, Wisconsin, he 
was engaged in clerking for a few months. In February, 1887, Mr. 
Neuens came to Iron Mountain, Michigan, and entered the employ of 
Cooley Brothers, dealers in flour and feed, who at that time were fur- 
nishing meat to the contractors who were building the railway from 
Iron Mountain to Channing. Resigning his position on August 25 of 
that year, Mr. Neuens formed a partnership with E. F, Roell, and a few 
days later, on September 3, began his successful career as a general 
mei chant as head of the firm of Neuens & Roell, and has continued the 
business ever since, a continuous period of twenty-three years, during 
which time Mr. Neuens has seen an almost complete change in the per- 
sonnel of the business in Iron Mountain. 

Mr. Nuens married, February 5, 1888, Mary A. McVey, who was 
bom in the province of Ontario, Canada, a daughter of Frank and Anna 
(Sweeney) McVey. Her parents were both bom in Ireland, and on 
crossing the Atlantic located first in Canada, but subsequently migrated 
to Wisconsin, settling permanently in Depere, Brown county. Relig- 
iously Mr. and Mrs. Neuens are members of Saint Mary's Roman Catho- 
lic church. Politically Mr. Neuens is a stanch Democrat, and is now a 
member of the board of public works, which he has served as president. 
Socially he is a member of Saint Mary's Court, No. 1159, Catholic Order 
of Foresters, and Lodge No. 700, B. P. 0. E., of the latter being treasurer 
for seven years and was trustee of the cemetery board for four years. 

Henry R. Dotsch, a prominent attorney of Escanaba, is a native- 
born son of Delta county, and was born June 26, 1880. His father, 
John Dotsch, is a native of Wisconsin, where he was reared and edu- 
cated. At the breaking out of the Civil war John Dotsch enlisted in 
a Wisconsin regiment( and served three years under General MeClel- 
lan, participating in many important battles, and at the close of the 
war returning to Wisconsin. In 1865 he removed to the Northern 
Peninsula of Michigan, and now resides at Garden, Delta county. He 
married Mary Ansell, a native of Delta county, whose father, Edward 
Ansell, was born in England and was one of the early settlers of this 
locality. She died young, leaving five children, of whom Henry is 
the second. 

The boyhood of Henry R, Dotsch was spent in his native county 
and here he received his early education. He was graduated from 
the law department of the college at Bowling Green, Kentucky, in 
1906, was admitted to the Michigan bar, and engaged in the practice 
of his profession at Escanaba. He has built up a good clientele, and 
is actively interested in political matters. Mr. Dotsch served as presi- 
dent of the village board at Garden when but twenty-one years old, 
and also held the office of clerk and trustee. He served as supervisor 
of the First ward of Escanaba, and in 1908 was elected prosecuting 
attorney of the city, which office he now tills. He is a stanch Repub- 
lican, an enterprising and public-spirited citizen, and held in high 
esteem by all. Mr. Dotsch has spent his life in this county, and is 
widely known, having a large circle of friends. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 723 

ToESTEN Eggen. — Notcwortliy for his good citizenship and many 
excellent traits of character, Torsten Eggen has long been actively 
identified with the leading interests of Bessemer, and has heen an 
important factor in advancing its business growth and prosperity. A 
native of Norway, he was born, March 21, 1850, at Trondhjera, where 
he was brought up and educated. 

Possessing natural mechanical ability, he learned the carpenter's 
trade when young, and followed it in his native land until 1880, when 
he came to the United States to establish a home. Locating in Michi- 
gan, he entered the employ of Captain Dickinson at Ishpeming, and 
for a short time did various kinds of surface work. He then entered 
the shops as a carpenter, and at the end of a month was made fore- 
man, and continued in that position until 1886. Coming then to Bes- 
semer, which was then in its infancy, he was for a while employed in 
building shafts at the mines. Embarking then in the furniture busi- 
ness, Mr. Eggen carried it on successfully three years, when he was 
elected a justice of the peace, in which capacity he served ably and 
faithfully for sixteen years. Mr. Eggen was also coroner for several 
years, and for three years was city clerk. In the meantime Mr. Eggen 
started in the insurance business, beginning on a small scale, and he 
now represents a number of well-known companies, including among 
others the Phoenix of Hartford, Connecticut, and the Phoenix of 
London, England. He has also been the American Express agent 
since 1903. 

Mr. Eggen married, in 1876, Bereth Johnson, who was born, reared 
and educated in Norway. She died in 1895, leaving Ave children, 
namely: Johannes; John; Olina, wife of A. 0. Peterson, of Ishpeming, 
and they have one child, Gordon; Marit; and Arvoid. Mr. Eggen 
married for his second wife, in Bessemer, Mrs. Gunild (Mortensen) 
Magnus. Religiously Mr. Eggen was reared in the Lutheran church. 
Politically he is a sound Republican, and socially he is a member of 
the Scandinavian Society. 

Andrew Gram. — One of the substantial business enterprises of the 
city of Menominee is that conducted by this sterling business man and 
honored citizen, who is a dealer in second-hand engines, boilers and 
pumps and who also handles saw and shingle mill machinery. His 
shops and warehouse are located at the juncture of Saxton avenue 
and the lines of the C. & N. W. Railroad. He is a worthy representative 
of the Scandinavian element that has contributed so much to the 
development of this section of the state and is a native of Denmark, 
where he was born on the 9th of January, 1841. He is a son of Chris- 
tian P. and Karem (Paulsen) Gram, both of whom passed their entire 
lives in Denmark, where the father followed the vocation of farmer. 
Of their twelve children only four are now living and of the number 
three are residents of the United States. The father followed a sea- 
faring life in his younger days and later turned his attention to agri- 
cultural pursuits, in connection with which he achieved a due measure 
of success. Both he and his wife are members of the Lutheran church. 

Andrew Gram secured his early educational training in the excel- 
lent schools of his native land and was but fourteen years of age 
when he severed home ties and courageously set forth to fight the 
battle of life on his own responsibility and as a stranger in a strange 
land. At the age mentioned he embarked on a sailing vessel for 
America and thirty-five days elapsed before he disembarked in the 
port of New York city in 1855. He remained but a short time in the 
national metropolis whence he came westward to Green Bay, Wiscon- 



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724 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

sin, where he entered upon an apprenticeship in a machine shop. lie 
became a skilled workman and after the eompletion of his apprentice- 
ship worked at his trade until 1861, when he gave signal manifesta- 
tion of his loyalty to the land of his adoption by tendering his services 
in defense of the Union whose integrity was menaced by armed re- 
bellion. In response to President Lincoln's first call, he enlisted as a 
private in Company H, Twelfth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry and he 
was mustered into service on the 5th of November, 1861, at Sfadison, 
the capital of that state. Soon afterward he proceeded with his regi- 
ment to the front, having been in service at Port Scott and Fort Leav- 
enworth and then proceeded to St. Louis, Missouri, and onward into 
Kentucky and Tennessee, where his command participated in numer- 
ous engagements. He was with Grant's army in Mississippi and took 
part in the Pittsburg campaign. He was a participator in all the 
battles and skirmishes in which his regiment was involved and made 
a gallant record as a valiant and loyal soldier of the republic. He 
was mustered out at Chattanooga, Tennessee, on the 6th of November, 
1S64, duly receiving his honorable discharge. After the fall of At- 
lanta he returned to "Wisconsin and some time afterward secured a 
position as engineer in the employ of the Ludington & "Wells Company 
at Menominee, Michigan. "With this well known concern, one of the 
most prominent in connection with the great lumber industry of this 
section, he continued to be employed for a period of thirty-seven 
years, severing his connection only when he established his present 
business enterprise. He has built up a very successful business 
and his reputation as a reliable and conservative business man 
is unassailable. A skilled artisan and thoroughly familiar with alt 
the details of the mechanical industry with which he is thus asso- 
ciated, his well equipped establishment has facilities for the turning 
out of the best kind of work and the repair department is one that 
has a large support. His two sons, Ralph S. and James, are associated 
with him in business and are numbered among the representative 
young business men of Menominee. 

Mr. Gram enjoys unalloyed popularity in the city that has so 
long represented his home and he has been called upon to serve in 
offices of distinctive public trust. He was a member of the city coun- 
cil for one term and for three terms was supervisor of the town- 
ship. In politics he gives his allegiance to the Republican party. Both 
he and his two sons are identified with the Masonic fraternity, being 
affiliated with Menominee Lodge, No, 269, Free & Accepted Masons, 
in which he served as master for three terms. He is also identified 
with Menominee Chapter, No. 107, Royal Arch Masons, and Menominee 
Commandery, No. 35, Kiiights Templars. 

In 1866 was solemnized the marriage of Mr, Gram to Miss Annie 
Campbell and her death occurred in 1869. The two children of this 
union are both deceased. In 1874 Mr. Gram wedded Miss Annie 
Evans, who was born in Wales and who was summoned to the life 
eternal in 1904. Of the seven children the following brief record is 
given r Clinton W., Louis M., M. Jane, Chester E., Ralph S., Fannie 
E. and James. M. Jane is now the wife of B. G. "Woodford, of Dun- 
bar, and Chester E. died at the age of twenty-one years. Mr. Gram is 
a member of the Lutheran church, as were also his first and second 



Frank J. Hamachee, secretary and treasurer of the Escanaba Hard- 
ware Company, was born in Sheboygan, Wisconsin, July 22, 1859. His 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 725 

father, John "W. Haniacher, a native of Germany, was reared in his 
native country and there married his flrst wife. On coming to America, 
about 1850, he located first at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and later removed 
to Sheboygan, where he lived a number of years. In 1864 Mr. Hamacher 
located in the Northern Peninsula of Michigan, first at Ontonagon, later 
in Houghton and Marquette, and in 1868 he settled in Escanaba. He 
took up the trade of iron moulder in this country, and after coming to 
Escanaba was for four years proprietor of the Michigan House. In 
1874 Mr. Hamacher built the Hamacher House, on Ludington Street, 
where he spent the remainder of his life, passing away in 1877, By his 
first marriage he had two children, Mrs. John Hirt, of Milwaukee, and 
Mrs. J. J. Connolly, of Marquette, Michigan. He married, second, in 
Sheboygan, Mrs. Mary Jermain. They had eight children who lived to 
maturity, and all are still surviving with the exception of the eldest son. 
Frank is the third child and second son. 

Frank J. Hamacher was about four years of age when his parents 
moved to the Northern Peninsula, and his early boyhod was spent in 
Houghton, Ontonagon and Marquette; he was about nine years of age 
when the family removed to Escanaba, where he received his education. 
"When fourteen years of age he began his mercantile career as clerk in 
the hardware establishment of W. B. Royce, of Escanaba, and later 
worked in a dry goods and clothing store in the same place. In 1877 
Mr. Hamacher entered the employ of a railroad company as clerk, after- 
ward becoming foreman of the ore docks at Escanaba. In 1879, in com- 
pany with his eldest brother, he opened a grocery store, and in 1882 be- 
came book-keeper for Atkins & McNaughton Company. In 1885 he be- 
came book-keeper for Julius Rupvecht, at Stephenson, Michigan. The 
next year he again began working for the Northwestern Railroad" Com- 
pany, and in 1894 went to Marquette, in the employ of the Duluth, South 
Shore & Atlantic Railroad Company, as weigh master. In 1899 Mr. 
Hamacher returned to Escanaba, in the employ of the Chicago & North- 
western Railroad Company, where he remained until the fall of 1901 
and in that year began working for E. Olson Hardware Company as 
book-keeper. Two years later a stock company was formed, known as 
Escanaba Hardware Company, with Mr. Hamacher as secretary and 
treasurer, which position he still holds. In 1907 Mr, Olson sold his inter- 
est in the business, and since then Mr. Hamacher has also held the office 
of manager. 

Mr. Hamacher has been a resident of the Northern Peninsula forty- 
five years, and has been identified with the growth and progress of 
Escanaba for a long time. He has always taken an active interest in 
polities, and served from 1890 to 1894 as alderman of the Fourth ward. 
He was a charter member of the Business Men's Association, was one 
of the organizers and one of the first directors, resigning his directorship 
for the reason that he felt himself unable to devote the time to the inter- 
ests of the association necessary for its success. He is a public-spirited, 
useful citizen, well known in many parts of the peninsula, and liniversally 
liked and respected. 

In January, 1882, Mr. Hamacher married Kate, daughter of Henry 
Markatoris, and they became parents of four children, namely: Ella, 
Theodore F., Clarence H, and Charles Lowell, Ella is the wife of John 
Richardson, of Escanaba, book-keeper for the Escanaba Hardware 
Company, 

"William B. Jepps, — Possessing a superior combination of qualities, 
William B. Jeffs, a leading citizen of Bockland, Ontonagon county. 



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726 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

has achieved marked success in the business world, ranking high 
among the financiers of the Upper Peninsula. A native of Rockland, 
he was horn, June 16, 1868, a son of Benjamin Jeffs and Julia Sutter, 
pioneer settlers of this part of Ontonagon county. 

His father, Benjamin Jeffs was born in 1834 in Herefordshire, 
England, and migrated to America in 1857, spending the first year in 
Canada. Coming to the Upper Peninsula in 1858 he located in Rock- 
land, Ontonagon county. There were then no railways in this section 
of the state, all travel being by river and lakes, or on foot and with 
teams through the virgin forests. He began as a miner at the then 
famous Minnesota mine and later embarked in mercantile pursuits, 
enlarging his operations as his means increased. In addition he be- 
came financially interested in raining, and acquired the Minnesota 
mine, in which he formerly worked. He was very successful in his 
undertakings and continued in business until his death in 1895. 

Benjamin Jeffs married Julia Sutter. She was bom in Switzer- 
land and was a grand-niece of Captain John A. Sutter, who first dis- 
covered gold in California. She came to America in 1854 and settled 
in Detroit. Many children were the result of this union, ten of whom 
are still living, as follows: S. A. Emma, William B., Walter 0.. 
Ulysses S., Francis A., Lewis A., C. Jeanette, Mary A., Benjamin, and 
Milton D. W. One son, Edward H., died at the age of twenty-six 
years. 

Beginning when a mere boy to assist his father in the store, Wil- 
liam B. Jeffs, the second child and eldest son, of the parental house- 
hold, early became conversant with the details of the business, and 
after the death of his father became administrator of the estate. In 
1898 Mr. Jeffs succeeded in interesting capital and organized the 
Michigan Mining and Copper Company, and at that time disposed 
of the greater part of his ownership in what was for many years the 
Minnesota mine. 

Since that time he has devoted his attention to mining, acquiring 
and retaining considerable interest in various mines of value in Utah 
and Idaho. 

Mr. Jeffs married Idabelle Becker. Fraternally he is a member of 
the Hancock Lodge, B. P. O. E. 

Heney J. Cleary.— Among those prominently identified with the 
United States life-saving service on the Great Lakes is Captain Henry 
J. Cleary, who is now in charge of the life-saving station at Marquette, 
with the office of captain. He has encountered many dangers and done 
much arduous work in connection with his chosen vocation, but his 
mental and physical powers have been exerted with all of zeal and de- 
votion in the protecting and saving of human life. Captain Cleary is 
a native of the state of Michigan, having been, bom in Sanilac county, 
on the 18th of November, 1861, and being a son of William T. and Jane 
E. (Hunter) Cleary, the former of whom was born in Ireland and the 
latter in Canada. Of the ten children, four sons and three daughters 
are living. The father received a collegiate education in his native land 
and came to America as a young man. He made the voyage on a sail- 
ing vessel and landed in New York city, where, soon afterward, he 
enlisted in the United States navy, in which he served under Commo- 
dore Perry for a period of three years. He held the position of ship 
carpenter, having learned his trade in Ireland. Later he re-enlisted at 
Brooklyn, New York, and thereafter held the position of bookkeeper in 
the naval service about four years. He then removed to Port Sanilac, 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 727 

Michigan, where he established himself in business as a boat builder and 
whence he later removed to Port Hope, Huron county, this state, where 
he continued in the same line of enterpiise for some time. He secured 
a tract of government land in that county, where he reclaimed a farm 
from the wilderness and where he continued to reside until his death. 
He was one of the honored and influential citizens of his county and was 
called upon to serve in various offices of public trust, including those 
of county clerk, justice of the peace and county school examiner. His 
widow now resides at Harbor Beach, Michigan. 

Captain Henry J. Cleary was afforded the advantages of the public 
schools of Port Huron, this state, and while still a school boy he assumed 
practical responsibilities. When but ten years of age he secured a po- 
sition as cook on a schooner and later he was identiiied with the lishing 
industry. On the 1st of March, 1881, he entered the government life- 
saving service at Port Aux Barques, on Lake Huron, where he was 
stationed for two years. He was then transferred to the station at Tawas 
City and one year later he was promoted to the office of captain. As 
such he was placed in charge of the Muskellunge Lake Station, where 
he remained until the spring of 1891, when, upon the completion of the 
new station at Marquette, he was assigned to the charge of the same, of 
whose work he has since continued in supervision. He is one of the 
able representatives of the service on the Great Lakes and has ever been 
found at the post of duty, no matter how great the hazard. He has had 
more special details than any other man in the service, having been de- 
tailed to the following expositions : Omaha, Buffalo, Pan-American, the 
Louisiana Purchase at St. Louis, Jamestown, and the Yukon at Seattle, 
Washington, and in his office hangs commemorative medals. McKinley 's 
last boat ride was on Captain Cleary's lifeboat at Buffalo, the night 
before he was shot. Captain Gleary is held in high esteem by all who 
know him and is one of the popular citizens of the city of Marquette. 
The captain is Republican in his political proclivities, is affiliated with 
the Masonic fraternity and also holds membership in the Knights of 
Pythias and the Knights of the Maccabees. 

In the year 1884 Captain Cleary was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary Wagner, who was born in the province of Ontario, Canada, as 
were also her parents, Daniel and Abbie (Johnson) Wagner, who now 
maintain their home near Port Hope, Michigan, where the father is a 
prosperous farmer. Captain and Mrs. Cleary have one son, Charles H. 

Lee EablIj Amidon,— As superintendent of the city schools of Iron 
Mountain, Dickinson county, Lee Earll Amidon occupies a prominent 
position among the leading educators of the "Upper Peninsula. A son 
of Seth and Jeannette (Earll) Amidon, he was bom, February 4, 1865, 
at Hamilton, Indiana. Of French ancestry on his father's side he is a 
lineal descendant in the eighth generation from Roger Amadowne, the 
line being continued through Philip, Henry, Henry, Moses, Moses and 
Seth to Lee Earll. 

Roger Amadowne, the emigrant ancestor, was bom near La Rochelle, 
Prance, where members of the Amidon family are still in existence. He 
was a Huguenot, and when La Rochelle in 1628 was captured by the 
Catholics, he migrated to England. From there he came to America, 
and his name in this country lirst appears, in 1637, in the records of 
Salem, Massachusetts. He subsequently lived in Boston, and in 1648 
settled as a farmer at Rehoboth, Plymouth county, where he died in 
1673. Philip Amidown, born 1670, was a farmer at Rehoboth and later 
at Oxford, Massachusetts. He helped organize the church there, and 



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728 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

was selectman. Henry Amidon, born 1699, was a farmer at Ashford, 
Connecticut. Henry Amidon, second, born 1727, was h farmer at Wil- 
lington, Connecticut. He served in the Revolutionary war both at the 
Lexington Alarm and as Captain of the Third Company, Twenty-second 
Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers. Jloses Amidon, born 1756, was a 
farmer at Willington. He served in the Revolutionary war as a private 
at Bunker Hill and as sergeant in Captain Hill's Company, Colonel 
MeClellan's Regiment, Continental Army, on Long Island and at "White 
Plains. Moses Amidon, second, born 1796, removed to Delanti (Stock- 
ton), New York. He married Laura Deming, whose grandfather, Daniel 
Dfeming, served in the Revolutionary war in the Massachusetts Militia. 
Seth Amidon, bom 1827, lived several years at Mantua, Ohio, where he 
learned the trade of wagon-maker. In 1849 he moved to Hamilton, In- 
diana, where in 1857 he married Jeannette, daughter of Nelson and 
Lauretta (Trowbridge) Earll. They had three children, Frank E., who 
died in infancy ; Pred A., and Lee Earll, the special subject of this sketch. 

On his mother's side Mr. Amidon is ninth in descent from Ralph 
Earle, as follows: Ralph, Ralph, William, Nathaniel, Daniel, "Watson, 
Nelson, Jeannette. Ralph Earle and wife, Joanna, are said to have come 
from Exeter, England, and first appear in America, in 1634, in Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island, records. He was a farmer. Ralph Earle, second, 
born in England, was a farmer at Dartmouth, Rhode Island, William 
Earle was a farmer at Compton, Rhode Island, and later moved to near 
Great Barrington, Massachusetts. Nathaniel Earll, bom 1705, and 
called Captain Nathaniel, is said to have served in the Old French and 
Indian war. He was a farmer at Great Harrington, and later at White- 
hall, New York. Daniel Earll, bom 1732, wag a farmer, and removed to 
Nova Seotia in 1770. He returned on the outbreak of the Revolution 
and served in the Massachusetts militia and later in the New York mili- 
tia. He settled at Whitehall, New York, and in his old age removed to 
Onondaga, New York. Watson Earll, bom 1760, was a farmer at Onon- 
daga. Nelson Earll, born 1807, took up government land in La Grange 
county, Indiana, in 1836, and was one of its earliest settlers. He served 
in the Civil war in Company H, Indiana Volunteers. He died in service 
and is buried in the National Cemetery at Nashville. He married Lau- 
retta, daughter of James Trowbridge. Their daughter Jeannette be- 
came the wife of Seth Amidon. 

In 1877, soon after the death of his mother, Lee Earll Amidon was 
placed in the care of Henry A. and Mary J. "Watt, and was brought up 
on their farm, at Ainger (Montpelier), Ohio, receiving training in habits 
of industry, honesty, and thrift. Obtaining his elementary education in 
the district schools, he subsequently taught in those schools for three 
years, after which he further pursued his studies at Wooster University, 
Wooster, Ohio, teaching winters and studying summers to make up for 
the time lost. In 1892 he was graduated from the classical department 
of the University of Michigan with the degree of A. B., and the ensuing 
five years he was superintendent of schools at West Bend, Wisconsin. 
Entering Harvard University in 1897, Mr. Amidon took a post graduate 
course at that institution, and was there graduated with the degree of 
A. M. in 1898. Accepting the superintendeney of the city schools of 
Iron Mountain, he has since filled the position ably and acceptably. He 
has belonged to the Upper Peninsula Educational Association since 1898, 
in 1906 serving as its president; since 1899 he has been a member of the 
Michigan State Teachers' Association, and of the National Education 
Association since 1893. In national politics Mr. Amidon is a Democrat. 
He attends the Presbyterian church. He is a member of the Michigan 
Society, Sons of the American Revolution. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 729 

Mr. Amidon married, June 17. 1893, Viola Powers, who was born, 
November 30, 1868, at Ainger, Ohio, and was educated in the common 
schools of her native district, and in the Normal College at Angola, In- 
diana, from which she graduated in 1892. Previous to her marriage she 
taught Id the district schools at Ainger, Ohio, and in the high school at 
Waterloo, Indiana. After her marriage she taught with her husband 
in the high school at West Bend, Wisconsin, for three years, being a 
successful and popular instructor. She is a member of the Drawing 
Room Club, the oldest ladies' social organization in Iron Mountain. She 
is also a charter member of the Chippewa Chapter, Daughters of the 
American Revolution. 

Mrs, Amidon comes from New England stock, being a descendant in 
the eighth generation from Walter Power, the lineage being as follows : 
Walter, Daniel, Jonathan, Oliver, Josiah, Stephen, Volney and Viola. 
Walter Power, born 1640, in England, first appears in the records of 
Concord, Massachusetts, in 1654. He was a farmer. Daniel Powers, bom 
1669, was a farmer at Littleton, Massachusetts, Jonathan Powers, bom 
1704, was a farmer and lived at Lancaster, Massachusetts. He served in 
the old French and Indian war, in 1755, on an expedition to Crown Point. 
Oliver Powers, born 1741, was a farmer at Lancaster, and after 1785, in 
Oneida county. New York. In 1760 he served under Colonel Williard in 
the French and Indian war. He served in the Revolutionary war at the 
Lexington Alarm. Josiah Powers, bom 1772, a farmer at Parmington, 
New York, married Hannah Church, whose father, Josiah Church, served 
in the Massachusetts militia in the Revolutionary war. Stephen Powers, 
bom 1800, lived at Farmington until 1837, when he and his three broth- 
ers migrated with ox teams to York, Indiana, being six weeks on the 
trip. He was a farmer, a surveyor, and taught forty-two consecutive 
terms of winter school. He served in the Civil war in Company A, Forty- 
fourth Indiana Volunteers. Volney Powers, bom 1838, was the first 
white child born in York township. He served throughout the Civil 
war, first as a private and later as lieutenant of Company G, Seventh 
Michigan Volunteer Infantry. Since the war he has been a fanner at 
Ainger (Montpelier) , Ohio. He taught school, and for many years has 
been justice of the peace. In 1866 he married Martha Kimmell. They 
have eight children, of whom Viola Amidon is the second. 

On her mother's side Mrs. Amidon is sixth in descent from Adam 
Kimmell, who with his brothers Jacob and Valentine came to Ameiica 
from Rotterdam, Holland, in the ship St. Andrew, commanded by Cap- 
tain Abercrombie, and landed at Philadelphia in 1751. Joseph Kimmell, 
son of Adam, also lived in Philadelphia. William Kimmell, son of 
Joseph, was bom in 1791. He migrated, in 1809, to Stark county, Ohio, 
where he became a farmer. His son, Adam Kimmell, bom 1823, married 
Eliza Culberson, and in 1854 moved to Ainger, Ohio, where he was a 
fanner. Hia daughter Martha, born 1848, married Voiney Powers, as 
stated above. 

EoGEB Mercein Andrews, of Menominee, was bom at Stamford, 
Connecticut, April 2, 1874. He is a great grandson of Thomas R. Mer- 
cein who was an active factor in the early days of the republic and a 
son of the Revolutionary war captain of the same name, and himself 
comptroller of the city of New York during the war of 1812. The sub- 
ject of this sketch received his education at Haekettstown, New Jersey, 
Centenary Collegiate Institute, Peekskilt, New York, Military School 
and Yale Law School (class of 1894). The following year he took up 



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730 THE NORTHEEN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

newspaper work, and was connected at various times, with the A'ew 
York Recorder, Chicago Inter Ocean, Chicago Chronicle, Milwaukee 
Journal, and Milwaukee Daily News, and was special correspondent at 
Washington, District of Columbia, during two sessions of congress. In 
1900 he was secretary of the Milwaukee National Democratic Convention 
Committee. In 1901 he located in Menominee, Michigan ; in connection 
with William "Webb Harmon, purchased the Menomirwe Herald, and in 
1904, became sole owner thereof, the firm having established the North- 
western Farmer, the first agricultural newspaper in the Upper Penin- 
sula, in 1903. The plant and business of the Evening Leader was also 
purchased from the estate of its former editor, in 1904, and Mr. An- 
drews was therefore owner of the two, which he consolidated under the 
name of Menmmnee Herald-Leaxier, and thereafter placed the entire 
property in a corporation called tbe Herald-Leader Company, of which 
Mr. Andrews had been at once both the mainspring and the balance- 
wheel. During his management the plant of the company has been 
placed in the metropolitan class, and contains a duplex newspaper press, 
linotype machines, book and job presses, folding machine, bindery and 
a stereotyping room, and the patronage of both the newspaper and the 
jobbing department has been extended over a wide area, until the busi- 
ness has become a prosperous and profitable one. 

In matters of public interest Mr. Andrews has always been among 
those in the front rank, and he is credited with initiating many moves 
that became popular and enured to the benefit of the community. 
During his residence in Menominee he has held many positions of trust 
and of honor. He has been piesident of the Lake Superior Press Asso- 
ciation; vice president of the Wisconsin Press Association; director of 
the Michigan Press Association; member of the Board of Trustees of 
Spies Pubhc Library ; lieutenant Michigan National Guard ; director of 
the Lumberman's National Bank; twice chairman of the Republican city 
committee ; secretary of the Commercial Club ; director of the Michigan 
primary election league, and was appointed by Governor Warner as 
Commissioner of Mineral Statistics for the state of Michigan, March 31, 
1908. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias, Elks, Modem Wood- 
men, Yeomen, Modern Brotherhood, Maccabees, Michigan State Grange, 
Press Club of Milwatikce, Chicago Press Club and Michigan Republican 
Editorial Association. 

In 1903 Mr, Andrews married a daughter of John H. Ebeling, a 
pioneer miller of Green Bay, Wisconsin. The result of the marriage is a 
happy and comfortable home on State Street, and a little daughter, Mar- 
jorie. 

In addition to the Daily Herald-Leader and the Northwestern 
Farmer, the publishing companies of which Mr, Andrews is the head, 
issue also the Twice-a-week HertAd-Leader, and the Northwestern, both 
edited by him, and the last mentioned being the first family magazine 
pubhshed in the Upper Peninsula. As we write this, we learn that Mr. 
Andrews has arranged to make his future home in Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, but he will retain an interest in his publications here and has his 
force of workers so in harness that he need no longer be confined very 
closely to detail. His activity, genial greeting, and pub]ie-s_ ' 
have won for him a host of friends that regret his departure. 

ToussAiNT J. Maetin, engaged in the produce and grocery business 
at 812 Ludington street, Escanaba, Michigan, is one of the enterprising, 
up-to-date business men of the town. Mr. Martin was bom in Colum- 
bus, Ohio, June 15, 1864, a son of Canadian parents, Joseph and Philo- 



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THE iN'ORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 731 



niina Isabel Martin, who have for years been residents of I 

their family of thirteen cliildren the subject of this sketch is the eldest. 

At the time the Martia family came to Escanaba, which was in the 
fall of 1875, T. J. was eleven years of age. He had attended school for 
a brief time in Canada, but the greater part of his education was re- 
ceived here. As a boy he assisted his father in his work in the lumber 
woods, and remained with him until he reached the age of twenty years. 
Then he became a clerk in a grocery store, and was thus occupied until 
1891. During this time he learned the various details of the business 
and laid the foundation for his future success. In 1898 he opened a 
stock of groceries and produce in the basement of the Pair Savings 
Bank store, where he prospered and remained three years, until Sep- 
tember, 1901, when he moved into his present quarters at 812 Ludington 
street. Here he has since carried a stock of groceries, meat, seeds, shelf 
hardware, etc., from time to time increasing the quantity carried, until 
he has one of the largest and best assorted stocks of the kind in Es- 
canaba. With the exception of a few years, from 1891 until 1898. when 
he was at Green Bay, Wisconsin, he has been identilied with Escanaba 
since he came here a boy with his parents, and during this time he has 
proved himself a puhlic-apirited, enterprising citizen. He is a member 
of the Business Men's Association and one of the board of directors of 
the Agricultural Society of Delta county. 

In 1890, Mr. Martin married Miss Octave Fontaine, of Green Bay, 
Wisconsin, and their union has been blessed in the birth of two daugh- 
ters, Miranda M. and Mildred. Fraternally, Jlr. Martin is identified 
with the Modern Woodmen of America. 

Charles A. Otto. — Among the industrious and much respected citi- 
zens of Iron River Charles A. Otto holds a position of note. A son of 
Charles A. Otto, Sr., he was born in Milwaukee. Wisconsin, March 20. 
1856. His grandfather, John Otto, a native of Prussia, served his 
time in the Prussian army and was afterwards employed as a shepherd 
in his native land, living there until 1839. Joining then a colony con- 
sisting of sixty-two families, he emigrated to America, bringing his 
wife and childien. These colonists were all Lutherans and were ac- 
companied by their pastor. They spent about two years in Water- 
town, New York, and then, about 1841, the little colony settled in 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, which was then a small village. John Otto 
was employed at various kinds of labor for a few years, and then 
settled near Cedarburg, Wisconsin, where he spent his remaining days. 
He reared five sons, namely: John, Louis, Charles A., Edward and 
Herman. 

Charles A. Otto, Sr., received his elementary education in the 
schools of Prussia, his native country, being seventeen years old 
when he came with his parents to America. While living in Milwau- 
kee he attended the evening schools, becoming thoroughly acquainted 
with the English language, in the meantime being employed as a 
elerk in a general store. He subsequently engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits with his brother Louis, whose interest he afterwards purchased. 
Mr. Otto then continued alone until selling out the entire business to 
his brother Edward. Forming then a partnership with Alonzo Schul- 
flohn, Mr. Otto continued with him about three years, dealing in 
wagon makers' supplies. During the following two years he was 
silent partner in a hardware business, and afterwards kept a public 
house on the outskirts of Milwaukee for a while. Returning then to 
the city, he was there employed as a private watchman until his death. 



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732 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

at the age of sixty-one years. He married Sophia Helm, who was 
also a native of Pnissia. She died at the age of thirty-eight years. 
Of the children born to Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Otto, Sr., but three 
grew to years of maturity, namely: Charles A. (the subject of thia 
sketch), Emma and Julius. 

After attending the public schools of Milwaukee two years Charles 
A. Otto completed his studies at a parochial school. At the age of 
fifteen years he began sailing the Lakes as a cabin boy, and each sea- 
son for iive years was engaged in nautical pursuits. He afterwards 
found employment in different establishments, remaining in that part 
of the state until 1878, Entering then the employment of the Menom- 
inee Mining Company, he continued with it until March, 1881, when, 
in the employ of Donald C. MacKinnon, he was for nine months an 
explorer in the Brule River country. In December, 1881, Mr. Otto 
made his advent in Iron River. The town had then just been platted, 
and the only building it contained was a log cabin, owned by a bach- 
elor, James Innes, who was keeping boarders. Mr. Otto entered the 
employ of this bachelor as cook, and in January, 1882, Mrs. Otto here 
joined her husband, being the first, and for several weeks the only, 
white woman in the place. She was duly installed as cook and home- 
keeper in the only house in this part of Iron county. This house, a 
cabin built of logs, was situated on the northeast corner of Genesee 
and Second streets, and had but one room, that being used as a place 
to cook, eat and sleep by the entire family, including the boarders. 
There were tiers of bunks on cither side of the room, eighteen in all, 
and as people came from afar to prospect for ore the house was usually 
well filled. The table was set three times for each meal, there not 
being dishes enough to serve more than one table at a time. At the 
end of sis months Mr. Otto built a house on the outskirts of the town, 
and he and his wife occupied it about a year and then moved onto the 
homestead claim which he had secured in section seventeen, town- 
ships forty-three and thirty-four, and on which he had put up a log 
cabin. Subserjuently Mr. Otto entered the employment of the North- 
western Railroad Company, with which he was connected in difFerent 
capacities until 1907. Resigning his position in December, 1907, Mr. 
Otto accepted a position as janitor of the school building at Iron 
River, which he filled two years and then returned to the North-Western 
Baiiroad Company. 

On June 25, 1879, Mr. Otto married Florence J. Hall, who was 
bom at Farmers Valley, McKean county, Pennsylvania, December 
12, 1854, a daughter of Lavinus Hall. Her grandfather, Jesse Hall, 
a native of New England, moved first to New York state and after- 
ward settled at Farmers Valley, Pennsylvania, where he bought land 
and was engaged in tilling the soil until his death. The maiden name 
of his wife was Polly Green. Lavinus Hali was bom in Ithaca, New 
York, but was brought up and educated in Pennsylvania. Migrating 
to "Wisconsin in 1856, he became an early settler of Winnebago county, 
where he bought land and was employed in general farming for about 
eight years. On October 20, 1864, he located in the Upper Peninsula, 
becoming a pioneer settler of Negaunee. where he was engaged in 
agricultural pursuits for two years. Mr. Hall afterwards spent a 
year at Champion, Marquette county, from there moving with his fam- 
ily to Quinnesec. Coming to Iron county in 1883, he took up a home- 
stead in what is now Bates township, and having cleared off a part 
of the timber and erected a dwelling house, he was joined about two 
years later by his wife. He cleared about eighty acres of his tract, 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 733 

and was there successfully employed in the care of his farm until his 
death, November 17, 1907. About two weeks before his demise, Mr. 
Hall gave an option to an exploring company, which in a short time 
discovered ore, and a mine is now being there opened by the Florence 
Iron Company. Mr, Hall married Elza Maria Edmunson, who was 
bom in Ireland, probably in Belfast. Iler father, William Edmunson, 
was born in Glasgow, Scotland, and went as a young man to Ireland, 
and there resided several years. In 1833, accompanied by his family, 
Mr. Edmunson came in a sailing vessel to America, after a voyage o£ 
three months landing at Quebec, and from there proceeding to Brock- 
ville, thence to New York state. He was well educated and talented, 
and after teaching school for a while in different parts of the Empire 
state he entered the government employ as secretary and was sent to 
Mexico, where he was taken ill and died. The maiden name of the 
wife of William Edmundson was Mary Palmer. She was bom in Ire- 
land, of French ancestry, and spent her last years with her two daugh- 
ters in Michigan. Mrs. Hall, who survived her husband, still lives on 
the old homestead in Bates township. She reared seven children, two 
now deceased, as follows-. Florence J., wife of Mr. Otto; Darby, de- 
ceased; Fred A.; Grace J., deceased; Eupheraia; Fitz Henry 7" and 
Franklin Herbert. 

Mr. and Mrs. Otto are the parents of six children, namely: Carlyle, 
Claude, Fred, Herbert, Mildred and Roy. Claude married Mary Cor- 
bett, and they have two children, Mildred and Thomas. Mr. Otto has 
ever taken an intelligent interest in public matters, and served four 
years as village clerk ; three years as clerk of Bates township ; four 
years as a justice of the peace; and for six years was a member of 
the local hoard of education. 

Edwakd A. Neubauer,— A prominent and active business man of 
Iron Mountain and one of the leading jewelers of Dickinson coimty, Ed- 
ward A. Neubauer is identified with the leading interests of the city, and 
is widely known in business, political and social circles. A son of Louis 
Neubauer, he was born, January 15, 1868, in Oconto, Wisconsin. His 
grandfather Neubauer, a native of Germany, emigrated with his family 
to the United States, becoming a pioneer settler of Manitowoc, where 
he spent his remaining years. 

Louis Neubauer was bom and reared in Germany, at the age of 
eighteen years coming with the family to this country. Learning the 
trade of a miller, he built a flour mill at Oconto, Wisconsin, and operated 
it several years, when it was burned, and, there being no insurance, 
proved a total loss to the owner. Moving then to Pound township, Mari- 
nette county, he bought a farm and was there employed in agricultural 
pursuits until his death, at the age of sixty-two years. He married Mary 
Eeitz, who was born in Germany, a daughter of Joseph Reitz, who emi- 
grated to America, locating in Milwaukee, where he operated a line of 
omnibuses for several years, living there until Ms death. Mrs. Louis 
Neubauer died at the age of forty-eight years, leaving five children, as 
follows: Annie, Louis, Edward A., Annito and Joseph. 

Brought up and educated in Oconto, Edward A. Neubauer began to 
make himself useful when young, and until twenty years old assisted 
his father in the mill. He then began to learn the jeweler's trade at 
Green Bay, and in 1893 embarked in business for himself in Iron Moun- 
tain, where he has since built up a substantial and remunerative trade 
as a jeweler, and has taken an active part in promoting the welfare of 
the community. 



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7U THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

Mr. Neubauer married, iu 1894, Emily Oliver, who was born in 
Ishpeming, Michigan, where her parents, John and Emma (Hoskings) 
Oliver, located on emigratiog to the United States from England, their 
native country. They were married in this country at Ishpcming. Mr. 
and Mrs. Neubauer have one child, Evelyn Neubauer. A valued worker 
in the Republican ranks, Mr. Neubauer was elected a member of the 
board of aldermen, and before the expiration of his term of service in 
that capacity was elected mayor of the city and filled the position two 
terms. He has also served as sheriff of Dickinson county. Fraternally 
he is a member of Iron Mountain Lodge, No. 388, F. & A. M. ; of Iron 
Mountain Chapter, No. 121, R. A. M.; of Oak Leaf Camp, No. 2885, M. 
W. A. ; of Guttenburg Lodge, No. 7, Sons of Hermann ; and of the Teo- 
men of America. Religiously he and his family attend the Presbyterian 
church. 

William J. OBERDOEFFEB.~Since the decadence of the great lumber 
industry in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan there has been made 
wonderful advancement in the development of its agricultural re- 
sources, and in connection with this splendid field of endeavor none 
has labored with more energy and perseverance and has achieved a 
more generous measure of success than Hon. "William J. Oberdorffer, 
who is one of the leading farmers and stock growers of Menominee 
county, where he has developed from the wilderness a finely improved 
farm of one hundred and eighty acres, — one of the best in this now 
favored section of the state. lie has been iu the most significant 
sense the artiiieer of his own fortunes, having come to America from 
Germany as a youth and having ever been dependent upon his own 
resources. Not only has he achieved success in temporal aifairs but 
he has also gained recognition as one of the honored and infinential 
citizens of Menominee county, which he has represented as a member 
of the state legislature and in which he has held various other public 
oifices of distinctive trust. He is at present a member of the state 
board of agriculture, and no citizen of the Upper Peninsula is a more 
worthy exemplar of the great basic industries of agriculture and 
stock raising. 

William J. Oberdorffer was bom near the city of Cohln, Germany, 
on the homestead farm of his father, and the date of his nativity is 
March 18, 1855. He is a son of William J. and Catherine (Renter) 
Oberdorffer, both of whom were bom in that same section of the great 
German empire,— the former in 1822 and the latter in 1833. They 
became the parents of nine children, of whom only two are now living: 
William J., who is the subject of this sketch, and Henry J., of Iron 
Mountain, Michigan, who is now roadmaster of the Menominee River 
division of the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad Company, in tlie 
emplo.v of which he has been retained for the past thirty-six years. 
The father devoted practically his entire life to agricultural pursuits 
and continued his residence in Germany until his death. He was a 
members of the Roman Catholic church, as is also bis wife. The lat- 
ter emigrated to America in 1871 and was accompanied by her six 
children, four of the number having died after the family home was 
established in Michigan. The family landed in the city of Boston and 
thence came to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, locating in Menom- 
inee county. Here in the following year the mother became the wife 
of Peter Putz, of Masonville, this county. The three children of this 
union are Mary, Richard and Theresa. Mr. and Mrs. Putz now make 
thrir home with the siibject of this sketch, both being venerable in 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 735 

years. William J. Oberdorffer gained his early education in the excel- 
lent schools of his native land and was sixteen years of age at the 
time of the family emigration to America. The home was established 
at Masonville, Menominee county, and here Mr. Oberdorffer secured 
employment in a saw mill conducted by ex-Senator Richard Mason, 
in whose honor the village mentioned was named. He was thus em- 
ployed about two years, after which he worked as a section hand on 
the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad, of which he later became a 
brabeman. In 1876 he secured forty acres of land in Stephenson 
township, Menominee county, and set to himself the herculean task 
of reclaiming a farm in the midst of the wilderness. Indefatigable 
industry and well directed application eventually brought him to the 
goal of success, as is shown in the thrift and prosperity evidenced in 
every department and appearance of his finely improved farm, which 
comprises one hundred and eighty acres. Virtually the entire tract 
is available for cultivation and the buildings are of a substantial and 
attractive order. In 1898, in connection with his agricultural work, 
Mr. Oberdorffer began devoting special attention to the breeding of 
full-blooded Holstein cattle, and in this field of enterprise he has been 
especially successful, having maintained a fine herd of this fine type 
of cattle and conducting at present a large dairy business in connec- 
tion with which his facilities and equipments are of the best modern 
type. The products of his dairy command the highest prices in the 
market. His dairy herd at present numbers about thirty head and 
on the farm he keeps an average of about three head of horses. 

In politics Mr. Oberdorffer has been aligned as a stalwart sup- 
porter of the cause of the Republican party from the time of gaining 
the right of franchise, and he has been an influential factor in connec- 
tion with public affairs in Menominee county, where he has ever com- 
manded the highest degree of popular confidence and esteem. He 
has served fourteen years as supervisor of Stephenson township, and 
is incumbent of this position at the present time. In 1897 he was 
elected to represent his county in. the state legislature, of which he 
continued a member for two terms and in which he made an admira- 
ble record. He exercises much zeal and discrimination in furthering 
the interests of the Upper Peninsula and gained the unqualified en- 
dorsement of his constituents. He also had the distinction of being 
a member of the state constitutional convention of 1907, when was 
adopted the present constitution of the state. In 1904 he was ap- 
pointed a member of the state board of agriculture by Governor War- 
ner, and he has continuously served in this capacity since that time, 
having been elected to the office in 1909 by popular vote under the 
provisions of the new law. He and his wife are zealous members of 
the Methodist Episcopal church at Stephenson. He is affiliated with 
Green Bay Tent, No. 714, Knights of the Maccabees, in the city of 
Menominee. 

On the 27th of August, 1887, Mr. Oberdorffer was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Adelaide Corey, who was born near Maysville, Dodge 
county, Wisconsin, and who is a daughter of Hiram and Charlotte 
(Mace) Corey, the former of whom was born in the state of New York 
and the latter in Vermont; they now reside on their well improved 
farm near Ingalls, Menominee county, Michigan. Mr, Corey was a 
valiant soldier of the Union during the Civil war, having enlisted, in 
1861, in a Wisconsin regiment of volunteer infantry and having served 
until the close of the war, when he received his honorable discharge. 
He participated in many of the most memorable battles of the great 



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736 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

fratricidal conflict and proved a valiant and faithful soldier. After 
the war he was engaged in agricultural pursuits in Dodge county, 
Wisconsin, until 1882, when he removed to Menominee county, Michi- 
gan, where he and his wife have since maintained their home. He is 
a member of Lyons Post, No. 266, Grand Army of the Republic, and 
in politics he is a Republican. Mrs. Corey is a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. They became the parents of six children, all 
of whom are living, and Mrs. Oberdorffer was third in order of birth. 
Mr, and Mrs. Oberdorffer have two daughters, — Cora Alice, who is a 
student in the Michigan State Agricultural College, and Jessie May, 
who is teaching now in her home township. 

Frank BAWOEN.^Oecupying a noteworthy position among the sub- 
stantial and highly respected citizens of Eagle River is Frank Bawden, 
who has been identified with the leading interests in this section of 
the Northern Peninsula for the past twenty-five years, and is now 
rendering excellent service as treasurer of Keweenaw county. A na- 
tive of Wisconsin, he was born February 10, 1854, in Dodgeville, 
Iowa county, of English lineage. 

His father, William Bawden, was born in County Cornwall, Eng- 
land, where his parents spent their years of earthly life. As a boy 
he began working in the mines, and continued laboring with pick and 
shovel in his native county until 1850. In that year, accompanied 
by his wife and two children, he crossed the ocean in a sailing vessel, 
after a tedious voyage of several weeks landing on American soil. 
Coming directly to the upper part of Michigan, he was for a time 
engaged in mining on Isle Royale, in Lake Superior. Going then to 
Wisconsin, he mined near Dodgeville for a year, after which he worked 
at the Cliff mine and at other mines, in Keweenaw county, Michigan. 
Moving then to Ontonagon county, he was employed in different 
mines, from there going to Duluth, Minnesota, where he resided until 
his death, at the age of sixty-five years. He married Elizabeth Trem- 
bath, who was born in Cornwall, England. She died in 1862, leaving 
seven children, as follows: William, Salina, Emma, Frank, Albert, 
Charles and Rosin a. 

While young Frank Bawden acquired a practical education in the 
public schools, and, like most of his boyhood companions, began as a 
lad to work in the mines, being employed in various capacities, in- 
cluding that of engineer. Going to Eagle Harbor in 1880, Mr. Baw- 
den began his mercantile career, being first employed as a delivery 
clerk, later acting as salesman, subsequently carrying on business on 
his own account until 1904, when he was elected sheriff of Keweenaw 
county. In 1906 he was re-elected to the same office, and in 1908 was 
elected to his present responsible position as county treasurer. 

Mr. Bawden married, in 1872, Elizabeth Cocking. She was born 
at Dodgeville, Wisconsin, where her parents, Stephen and Elizabeth 
(James) Cocking, settled on coming from England to the United 
States in 1847. In 1852 Mr. Cocking removed with his family to the 
Upper Peninsula, and commenced mining in Keweenaw county. He 
enlisted in 1862 in Company I, Twenty-third Michigan Volunteer In- 
fantry, and served with the regiment until after the close of the war, 
being brigade bugler. Returning after his discharge from the army 
to Michigan, he was appointed keeper of the Gull R»ek Light, and 
held the position a number of years. Five children have been bom 
to Mr. and Mrs. Bawden, namely: Pearl, who married William J. 
Richards, has two children, Elizabeth and John; Milton; Edna; Sid- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 737 

ney ; and Ruby. Mrs. Bawden passed to the higher life Juae 16, 1906, 
her death being a loss not only to her immediate family, but to a 
host of friends and acquaintances. Poiiiically Mr. Bawden is a 
straightforward Republican. 

George Dawson. — Few of the sterling citizens of the Upper Penin- 
sula have contributed in more generous measure and beneficent way 
to the civic and industrial development and progress of this favored 
section of the Wolverine state than did George Dawson, who located 
in Chippewa county forty years ago and who identified himself with 
the great lumbering industry in this section, as well as with various 
other lines of enterprise that had potent influence in advancing ma- 
terial and social progress. He became the owner of a large amount of 
real estate in the county, was the founder of the village of Detour and 
at the time of his demise was one of the most honored and influential 
citizens of the city of Sault Ste. Marie, where he established his home 
in the early days and where he exemplified that loyal and practical 
public spirit that indicated his faith in the splendid future of the city. 
He was a man of fine mental equipment and splendid administrative 
and business ability, but above all his entire career was marked by the 
most inviolable integrity and honor in all the relations of life, so that 
he commanded at all times the high regard of his fellow men. Such 
was his position as one of the representative citizens of the Upper 
Peninsula that it is most consonant that in this volume be entered a 
tribute to his memory and at least brief record of his life and labors. 
He accumulated a substantial fortune through his own efforts and 
mature judgment, and he left the gracious heritage of an unblemished 
reputation. 

George Dawson was born near Kingston, province of Ontario, 
Canada, in 1839, and his death occurred at his home in Sault Ste. 
Marie on the 21st of March, 1894, — in the very prime of his strong 
and useful manhood. His accomplishment, however, was not to be 
gauged by years but by results, and into his half-century of life he 
crowded more effective service and gained greater rewards than come 
to the average man whose life is prolonged to venerable age. Mr. 
Dawson was reared to manhood in his native province, where he re- 
ceived such educational advantages as were afforded in the schools of 
the period, and he early initiated a business career that was to be 
marked by consecutive advancement and by eventual accomplishment 
that made him a man of large affairs and much influence. In 1869 he 
became prominently concerned with lumbering interests in the prov- 
ince of Quebec, Canada. While thus engaged he exploited the im- 
proved system of turning out squared timber, and he owned and oper- 
ated three vessels, which were utilized for the transportation of his 
products to the city of Quebec, from whence they were shipped to 
Liverpool, England. 

Mr. Dawson's connection with industrial enterprises in the Upper 
Peninsula of Michigan had its inception in the year 1871, and his 
lumbering operations, which attained wide scope, were principally in 
Chippewa county, which then comprised a large part of the Upper 
Peninsula. He was among the first to institute lumbering operations 
at Two Heart River, Grand Marais and Tahquamenon River, and 
later on Drummond Island in 1880, at which time he also purchased 
dock property, covering more than a mile, at Detour, and in 1884 he 
bought ship property in the Soo. As early as 1877 he had purchased 
property in the straggling village which was the nucleus of the pres- 



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738 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

ent thriving city of Sault Ste. Marie, wliere he eventually acquired 
large and valuable holdings and thereby laid the foundation for his 
substantial fortune. He wag the founder of the village of Detour, as 
has already been stated, and owned the entire tract on which the vil- 
lage was located. Upon eomiug to the Upper Peninsula he brought 
with him one hundred men, a number of whom had been in his employ 
in Quebec and who accorded to him uniform loyalty and esteem. lu 
1877 he erected a fine residence in Sault Ste. Marie, and the building 
at the time was surrounded by brush and scrub timber, making the 
entire environment of the most primitive order. His action showed 
his confidence in the growth and development of the eity, in whose 
welfare and progress he ever maintained a most vital interest. Hia 
was the first pretentious dwelling to be built in Sault Ste. Marie. 
Here also he was the pioneer in the construction of large docks, own- 
ing a water frontage of four hundred and twenty-two feet. He was 
also one of the first three to engage in dealing in coal in the "Soo, " 
and in many other ways did he exemplify his progressive spirit and 
his interest in furthering the welfare of the community. In the vil- 
lage of Detour, which was plotted by Mr. Dawson, his supply store 
and hotel were the first buildings erected iu the now thriving town. 
He did an extensive coal business on his dock there, and he was the 
leading business man of that section of Chippewa county, and there 
conducted large and successful lumbering operations. When the late 
Guy H. Carlton, in his official capacity, laid out the streets of Sault 
Ste. Marie he named Dawson street in honor of the subject of this 
memoir and Carrie street in honor of Mrs. Dawson, who was famil- 
iarly known by this abbreviation of her name, Caroline. Mr. Dawson 
retired from active business in 1888, and thereafter gave his attention 
to the management of his large real-estate and capitalistic interests. 
He continued to reside in Sault Ste. Marie until his death, and here 
his name is held in gracious and appreciative memory. He was in- 
dependent in his political allegiance, and while never a seeker of public 
office he supported all measures tending to advance the general wel- 
fare of the community. 

On the 7th of July, 1875, Mr. Dawson was united in marriage to 
Mass Caroline A. Cunningham, who was bom in Jefferson county, New 
York, and who is a daughter of Henry and Mary (Kenwood) Cunning- 
ham. Mr, Cunningham was engaged in the insurance business, and he 
and his wife passed the closing years of their lives in Watertown, New 
York. Mrs. Dawson, a woman of most gracious personality and dis- 
tinctive culture, was a successful and popular teacher in the schools 
of her native state, a teacher in the Watertown schools and for some 
time prior to her marriage, principal in the high school in Cape Vin- 
cent, New York. Mr. Dawson is also survived by one daughter. Miss 
Georgjana Marion, and she and her mother pass the summer seasons 
in their beautiful home in Sault Ste. Marie, while their -winter place 
of sojourn is California. They have traveled extensively throughout 
the United States and Canada, but they retain deep affection for their 
old home and many friends in Sault Ste. Marie, where the attractive 
residence on Spruce street is a center of gracious hospitality, 

John Robertson.— This well known and highly esteemed citizen of 
Marquette, of which city he has served as mayor, has contributed in 
large measure to the material upbuilding of the city through his ope- 
rations in the handling of real estate, and he stands exemplar of the 
highest type of civic loyalty. Mr. Robertson was born at Brantford, 



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THE NORTHERN PEXLNSULA OB^ MICHIGAN 739 

province of Ontario, Canada, on the 25th of May, 1858, and is a son 
of William and Margaret (Kane) Robertson, the former of whom 
was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, on the 9th of March, 1817, and the 
latter of whom was bom in Ireland, in 1836. The devoted wife and 
mother was summoned to the life eternal in 1904 and the father now 
resides at Owen Sound, Ontario, where he is living retired. Of their 
children all are living, and their names are here entered in 
order of birth, — ^Mary, John, Isabelle, James, "William, Alexander, 
Annie, Henry, Jessie, Jennie and Martha. The father was reared 
and educated in his native land and there learned the trade of car- 
penter and joiner. In 1850 he emigrated to America and located at 
Brantford, Ontario, where he followed the work of his trade about 
ten years, at the expiration of which he removed to Grey county, 
Ontario, where he turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, in 
connection wilh which he won merited success. He is still the owner 
of the old homestead in that county, where he resides. He has ever 
shown the sterling integrity and marked pragmatic ability so char- 
acteristic of the Scottish race and his mature judgment was shown 
in his insistent determination to have each of his sons learn a trade 
and thus fortify themselves for the active responsibilities of life. He 
is one of the honored and influential citizens of his county, and is an 
appreciative member of St. Andrew's Society. 

John Robertson, the subject of this review, was reared to matur- 
ity in his native province, to whose public schools he is indebted for 
his early educational discipline. He continued to be associated with 
the work of the home farm until he had attained to the age of seven- 
teen years, after which he served an apprenticeship of three years 
at the trade of blacksmith, in which he became a skilled artisan. For 
two years after completing his apprenticeship he was employed in a 
manufactory of agricultural implements, and on the 21st of June, 
1880, he came to Marquette, Michigan, where he has since maintained 
his home and where through earnest and honorable endeavor he has 
won a large measure of success, the while his sterling traits of char- 
acter and unmistakable ability have gained to him the confidence 
and high regard of the people of the community. On his arrival in 
Marquette Mr. Robertson became associated with F. W. Reed in the 
work of his trade, and this alliance continued about eight years, at 
the expiration of which he engaged in business for himself, in the line 
of his trade. In 1895 Mr. Robertson began buying real estate in 
Marquette, and upon the lots which he purchased he erected houses, 
which he sold. His operations in this line have materially contributed 
to the advancement of the city, as he has invariably made improve- 
ments of the best order. He is one of the leaders in this line of enter- 
prise in the city, where he has already erected about twenty-five houses. 
From the time of his arrival in Marquette, Mr. Robertson has shown 
a deep interest in all that has touched the welfare of the community, 
and his progressive ideas and loyalty marked him as an eligible can- 
didate for public oifice. In April, 1897, he was elected mayor of the 
city, and during oHe term as chief executive he gave a most able and 
acceptable administration of the municipal aifairs of Marquette. 
From 1895 until the time of his election as mayor he served as repre- 
sentative of the Fifth ward and he has served as a member of the 
board of directors of the Electric Light & Power Company since 
1905. He is Republican in his political proclivities, is affiliated with 
the Marquette Lodge No. 101, Free & Accepted Masons, and Mar- 
quette Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, and both he and his wife hold 
membership in the Presbyterian church. 



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740 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Mr. RobertsoD has been twice married. On the 23d of April, 
1883, he wedded Miss Margaret Kirkstone, who was born at Elgin, 
Aberdeenshire, Scotland, and whose death occurred on the 8th of 
April, 1898. Of the seven children only one is now living, — WilHam 
A., who is employed by the D. S. S. & A. R. R. In May, 1900, Mr. 
Robertson was united in marriage to Miss Catherine Richardson, who 
was born at Elmvale, Simcoe county, province of Ontario, Canada. No 
children have been bom of the second marriage. 

Pbed M. Olmsted, superintendent of the poor and of the Delta 
County Hospital, has been a resident of the Northern Peninsula of 
Michigan for forty years and has been a participant in the activities 
that have contributed to the development of Delta county. 

Mr. Olmstead was born in Sheboygan, "Wisconsin, February 3, 
1851, son of William and Judith Ann (Merrills) Olmstead. Through 
his maternal ancestry he traces back to Germany, and on the pater- 
nal side his ancestors were English, their history being traced back 
to 1632. The Olmsteads were among the early settlers of America, 
having landed here in Colonial times, and many representatives of 
the family were participants in the Revolutionary war. Job Olmsted, 
the grandfather of Fred M., was a drum major in the war of 1812. 
He was a native of New York state, as also was "William Olmsted's 
wife, but William was bom in Canada, William Olmsted and his 
wife were the parents of eight children, all of whom grew to adult 
age. 

Fred M. was the seventh child. His boyhood days were spent at 
Sheboygan, where he received a common school education, and from 
whence, when he was sixteen, he moved with his parents to Waushara 
county, Wisconsin. In 1870 he came to Delta county, Michigan, and 
at Sac Bay engaged in fishing. In 1876 he became connected with a 
trading vessel, running between the Bay and Chicago, and followed 
this business eight years, at the same time having mercantile interests. 
Mr. Olmsted's father espoused the Republican cause when that 
party was organized, and voted for Abraham Lincoln, and, following 
in his father's footsteps, our subject has always been a stanch Repub- 
lican. In recognition of his loyalty to the party and his high stand- 
ing as a citizen of Delta county, he has numerous times been the re- 
cipient of official preferment. He was elected county sheriff in 1896 
and two years later was re-elected. In 1901, having served four 
years as sheriif, he was appointed Superintendent of the Poor and the 
Delta County Hospital, tlie position which he still fills. His office as 
sheriff took him on frequent occasions to various parts of the penin- 
sula as well as over all the county, and gained for him a wide ac- 
quaintance with the best citizens as well as those who had disre- 
garded the law. Indeed, few men in his locality are better known or 
more highly respected than he. 

In 1874, Mr. Olmsted married Hannah S. Hazen, a daughter of 
Eli and Betsy Hazen. She was bom in Buffalo, New York, and when 
eleven years old came with her parents to Michigan, settling in Delta 
county. They have two sons living,— Henry T. and Fred D. Fra- 
ternally Mr. Olmsted is identified with the K. of P., the I. 0. 0. F., 
and the P. & A. M. 

William S. Fellows. — Numbered among the enterprising business 
men and popular citizens of Menominee, Mr. Fellows is now incumbent 
of the responsible position of manager of the Michigan Refining & Pre- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 741 

serving Company, one of the leading industrial concerns of this thriv- 
ing city, in which he has maintained his home since 1903. 

"William S. Fellows finds due measure of satisfaction in reverting to 
the great western metropolis of America as the place of his nativity. 
He was born in the city of Chicago on the 15th of April, 1874, and is 
a son of Oliver and Matilda (Brown) Fellows, the former of whom was 
born in Kennebec county, Maine, in 1828, and the iatter was bom on 
the 20th of January, 1834. The father, who was a scion of one of the 
sterling families founded in New England in the colonial days, died in 
the city of Chicago in the year 1894, and there his widow still maintains 
her home. They became the parents of five children: Frederick, who is 
now a resident of California ; Harriet, who is the wife of John W. Hun- 
ter of Chicago; Edward, who is a resident of Minneapolis, Minnesota; 
William S., who is the immediate subject of this sketch ; and Caroline, 
who is the wife of Harry Sehull, of Chicago. 

Oliver Fellows was reared and educated in New England and he 
took up his residence in Chicago in the early '60s. There he entered 
the employ of the Rock Island Railroad Company and was identified 
with the construction of its line between Chicago and Rock Island. After 
the completion of the road he became one of its first passenger train con- 
ductors, and the company with which he thus early identified himself 
was finally merged into the present Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Rail- 
road Company, He continued in service as a conductor on passenger 
trains for the long period of thirty-five years, during which he remained 
continuously in the employ of the Rock Island system. For a time he 
served as station master in Chicago, but the allurements of his original 
occupation soon drew him back to the same. He retired from active 
service only a few years prior to his death. He was a life member of 
Englewood Lodge, No. 690, Free and Accepted Masons, was a Repub- 
lican in his political proclivities and was a stanch member of the Pres- 
byterian church, of which his wife also has long been a devoted adherent. 
He was a man of sterling integrity, of quiet, unassuming manners and 
generous impulses, so that he drew to himself a wide circle of loyal 
friends. 

William S. Fellows gained his early educational discipline in the 
public schools of Englewood, now an integral part of the city of Chi- 
cago, where he continued his studies in the high school until he was 
fifteen years of age, when he secured a position in the establishment of 
Sprague Warner & Company, the great wholesale grocery house of Chi- 
cago, and he was eventually advanced to a responsible position in the 
traffic department of this concern. In 1903 he removed to Menominee, 
where he assumed a position in the traffic department of the wholesale 
grocery house of the Carpenter-Cook Company. In 1906 of the follow- 
ing year he was made manager of the Michigan Refining & Preserving 
Company, and in this capacity he has since continued to give most able 
and effective administrative service. Though never a seeker of political 
preferment, Mr. Fellows is aligned as a stanch advocate of the principles 
and policies for which the Republican party stands sponsor. He is 
affiliated with Menominee Lodge, No. 269, Free and Accepted Masons, 
and both he and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal church 
of this city. 

On the 12th of January, 1897, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Fellows to Miss Helen Rea, who was born at Newport, Ohio, and who 
is a daughter of Richard and Francis (Collins) Rea, both of whom were 
likewise bom in the old Buckeye state, where they still retain their resi- 
dence. Mr. Rea is the owner of a well equipped flour mill at Newport, 



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742 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

that state, and is one of the representative citizens of that section. He 
is a Republican in politics and both he and his wife hold membership 
in the Methodist Episcopal church. Mr. and Mrs. Fellows have two 
children: Helen and Richard, 

Joseph H. Sandercock. — It is a matter of local history, although 
some of the many readers of this volume may not know it, that the earlier 
settlers of Iron Mountain were in reality "Tent Dwellers," and promi- 
nent among the number was Joseph H. Sandercock, of whom we write. 
Taking up his residence here in 1879, when the only shelter for man or 
beast was that afforded by the sweeping branches of the giant trees, he 
has watched the gradual disappearance of the dense forest that then cov- 
ered the earth, and has witnessed with gratification and pleasure the 
rapid upbuilding of this up-to-date city of ten thousand souls, with its 
many beautiful homes, its substantial business houses, its numerous 
church buildings, and it« fine public schools. A son of Edward Sander- 
cock, was bom, November 6, 1852, in Linkinhorne, county Cornwall, 
England. His grandparents, John and Mary (Reddle) Sandercock, were 
life-long residents of county Cornwall, the grandfather having a black- 
smith shop at Cardingham for many years. 

Edward Sandercock was bom in the parish of Bodmin, England, and 
when young learned the trade of a blacksmith in his father's ^op. For 
about twenty years he was in the employ of the Cheesewring Granite 
Company, at Linkinhorne, where he subsequently rented land and con- 
ducted a dairy business and a blacksmith's shop. Now a venerable man 
of four score and four years, he is living retired in that parish. His 
wife, whose maiden name was Elizabeth Higgs, was bom in Lanivet, 
county of Cornwall, where her parents, Joseph and Catherine (Moon) 
Higgs, spent their days. She died in 1907, in Linkinhorne, at the age of 
seventy-nine years. She reared but two children, namely,— Joseph H., 
the immediate subject of this review; and Edwin, who is engaged in 
farming in Alberta, Canada. 

Leaving school at the age of fourteen years, Joseph H. Sandercock 
worked with his father at the blacksmith's trade for fourteen months, 
subsequently continuing with his uncle, Henry Sandercock, who assumed 
the management of the shop his father had established, for four or more 
years. Making up his mind, when nineteen years old, to come to America, 
he landed in New York City, on May 3, 1871, an entire stranger. He 
proceeded at once to Parley, Uiibuque county, Iowa, the home of one 
of his mother's brothers, John Higgs. After a visit with his uncle, Mr. 
Sandercock secured work with a blacksmith in Manchester, Iowa, remain- 
ing with him a year. Coming then to the Upper Peninsula, he followed 
his trade at Ishpeming until the fall of 1873, when, owing to the panic, 
the mines were closed. Migrating then to the Atlantic coast, Mr. Sander- 
cock located in Hallowell, Maine, in February, 1874, and there followed 
his trade for about five months. Sailing then from Boston for his old 
home, he was employed at blacksmithing in Linkinhorne, until 1879, when, 
in the spring of that year, he again came to Michigan and took up his 
residence at Ishpeming. In July, 1879, Mr. Sandercock went to Quin- 
nesec, then the railway terminus, and for about two months worked at 
the Quinnesec mine. 

On September 15, 1879, Mr. Sandercock came to what is now the 
Chapin Location, in the city of Iron Mountain, the country roundabout 
being then a vast wilderness, the few people in this vicinity living, as 
before stated, in tents. An employe of the Menominee Mining Com- 
pany, his anvil was set upon a stump, the bellows being hung between 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 743 

two trees, thus the first smithy in Iron Mountain having for his roof the 
blue canopy of heaven. Mr. Sandercock has continued with the Me- 
nominee Range Iron Mining Company and its successors from that beau- 
tiful autumn day, thirty-one years ago, until the present time, having 
continuously served as foreman of the blacksmith department. While 
these mines were closed, in 1893, Mr, Sandercock took his family back 
to his old home in England and there spent about eight months renew- 
ing old acquaintances and visiting with his kin. 

On February 14, 3878, Mr. Sandercock married, in Linkinhome, 
England, Miss Annie Mitchell, who was bom and reared in that parish 
and who ia a daughter of John Mitchell, who, with his wife, Elizabeth 
(Budge) Mitchell, was born, lived and died in Cornwall county, Eng- 
land. Learning the trade of a brick and plaster mason when young, 
John Mitchell, Sr., father of the above John Mitchell, became a con- 
tractor and builder, was also a local preacher of the Baptist church for 
forty years and spent his entire life in his native county. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Celia Hosking, was born in the parish of St. 
Ive, county of Cornwall, a daughter of John Hosking. Six children 
were born of this union, as follows-. Harry, Hosking, Edward, Mary 
Elizabeth, Annie and Francis, two of whom came to this country, namely, 
— Harry and Mrs. Sandercock. Mr. and Mrs. Sandercock have five chil- 
dren, namely,— Mabel, Joseph, Edwin, and Harold and Howard, twins. 
Mrs. Sandercock is a most estimable woman and a valued member of the 
Baptist church. Fraternally Mr. Sandercock is a member of the Iron 
Mountain Lodge, No. 388, Free & Accepted Masons ; and of the Benevo- 
lent & Protective Order of Foresters, of England. He is a sound Repub- 
lican in politics and has served two terms as county supervisor. Since 
1895 he has been a member of the city council of Iron Mountain. 

John a. AIjLO, a prominent business man of Eseanaba, was bom in 
Montreal, Canada, January 1, 1862. Ilis father, George Alio, was bom 
in England and came to Canada when a young man, locating in Mon- 
treal, where he became a leather merchant. George Alio died in Mon- 
treal, in 1862; he married Natalie LeBlane, a native of Canada, who 
died in Neenah, Wisconsin, October 29, 1908, at the age of ninety-one 
years. They were parents of eleven children, of whom John is the 
youngest, being six months old at the time of his father's death; only 
one other of the children survives, Georgiana, of Neenah, Wisconsin, 
who is immarried. 

The early education of John A. Alio was acquired in a French school 
in Montreal, and at the age of thirteen, when he left it, he could not 
speak a word of English. He is largely self-educated, and through his 
own efforts gained a good knowledge of the English language and of 
other branches which would be useful to him. After leaving school Mr. 
Alio spent three and one-half years learning the trade of plumbing and 
steam and gas fitting in his native city. In the fall of 1876 he removed 
to Neenah, Wisconsin, where for sixteen years he was engaged in busi- 
ness. He then located in Ashland, Wisconsin, and for some time car- 
ried on a clothing business. In 1902 Mr, Alio learned the undertaking 
business, and July 1, 1905, embarked in this line on his own account at 
Eseanaba, Michigan, where he has since carried on a profitable and con- 
stantly increasing business. He has probably the largest stock in his 
line in the Northern Peninsula, and carries several side lines. He sells 
and also sets monuments and is an able, enterprising man of affairs. Mr. 
Alio has become widely known and well liked in the city, and takes an 
active interest in public affairs. He is a Democrat in his political views. 



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741 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

but in voting chooses the man he considers best fitted to fill the office 
Mr. Alio is chairman of the musical department of the Business Men's 
Association, and is a member of the Woodmen, Catholic Order of For- 
esters, Knights of Columbus, Modem Brotherhood of America, St. 
Jacques Society and of Lodge No. 558 Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks, of Ashland. 

Mr, Alio married, May 3, 1887, Mary Remieh, and they have two 
adopted daughters, Marie and Natalie, fourteen and seventeen years 
of age. 

Bebnabd Blumkosen. — Many of the Upper Peninsula's most alert, 
enterprising and energetic citizens are of foreign birth and ancestry, 
noteworthy among the number being Bernard Blumrosen, of Sault Ste. 
Marie, who has taken much interest in developing the mercantile pros- 
perity of this city and has been active in its upbuilding. He was bom. 
May 5, 1863, in Russia, the birthplace of his parents, Samuel and Reta 
(Shapero) Blumrosen. 

Emigrating with his family to this country late in 1865, Samuel 
Blumrosen, then twenty-three years of age, his birth having occurred 
in 1842, located in Michigan, first at Bay City, on the Saginaw bay, and 
later at Alpena, a little farther north. In 1875 he moved to Detroit, and 
was there successfully engaged in the clothing business until his death, 
in 1900. The maiden name of his wife was Reta Shapero, as above 
stated. She was bom in Russia in 1843, and died at Detroit, Michigan, 
in 1902, leaving four children, as follows : Moses, a pioneer merchant of 
Manistique, Michigan ; Bernard, the special sub.iect of this sketch ; 
Rachel, wife of L. Rosenthal of Manistique, and Hattie, wife of Arthur 
Rosenthal, a merchant at Traverse City, Michigan. 

Leaving home at the age of fifteen years, Bernard Blumrosen started 
northward in search of remunerative employment, locating at Manis- 
tique, Schoolcraft county. There he subsequently engaged in business 
with his brother, and in 1882 they built the first brick block erected in 
that county. In 1889 Mr. Blumrosen erected a brick block in Ashland, 
Wisconsin. In the spring of 1895 lured to Sault Ste. Marie by its fine 
opportunities for business projects, he opened a mercantile establish- 
ment in this city, and was here prosperously engaged in business until 
his retirement from trade in 1908. He has since devoted his time and 
attention to the care of his private interests, his real estate holdings 
being extensive and valuable. In 1906 Mr. Blumrosen built a fine busi- 
ness block at Nos. 313-317 Ashmun street. On July 12, 1908, this build- 
ing was destroyed by fire, and three months later he erected the fine 
stone building in which the Odd Fellow's hall is housed. 

Mr. Blumrosen is very prominent in the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, with which he united in 1884, becoming then a member of 
Manistique Lodge, No. 353, I, 0. 0. F., and being now a member and 
a past noble grand of Sault Ste. Marie Lodge, No. 123, I. 0. 0. F. He 
was a delegate to the Grand Lodge at Lansing, Michigan, and it was 
through his influence that the Interstate Convention of Odd Fellows was 
held in the Soo in 1909. At that time the beautiful silver trophy given 
by Mr. Blumrosen for the team showing the best drill in the National 
Canton degree work was won by the Canadian Soo team, who beat the 
American Soo squarely and fairly. Mr. Blumrosen is also a member of 
Red Cross Lodge, No. 51, K. of P. Politically he is a sound Republican. 

Mr. Blumrosen married, in February, 1888, Leah Goldsfene, who 
was bom in London, England, being the youngest child of Rev. W. and 
Jennie Goldstene. Mr. and Mrs. Blumrosen have one son, S. Blumrosen, 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 745 

who was graduated from the Sault Ste. Marie high school, and is now 
a student in the literary department of the University of Michigan. 

William H. H. Hceley. — Possessing a broad and comprehensive 
knowledge of the law, William H. II. Hurley, of Iron Mountain, has met 
with success in the practice of his profession and has made for himself 
an assured position among the leading members of the Michigan bar. 
A son of the late James Hurley, he was born, February 2, 1844, in Sche- 
nectady, New York. His ancestors, people of considerable note, 
lived in Ireland for iriany generations, the family name, it is said, hav- 
ing formerly been spelled O'Herlihey. 

Acquiring a good education in his youthful days, James Hurley 
taught school a number of years in County Cork, Ireland, his native place, 
living there until 1832. In that year, accompanied by his wife and three 
children, he crossed the Atlantic in a sailing vessel and after a voyage 
of six weeks landed at Quebec. Going from there to New York state, he 
taught school for a whUe in Schenectady, later being similarly employed 
in Albany. In 1850, following the tide of emigration westward, he went 
by way of the Lakes to Wisconsin, stopping first in Milwaukee, then a 
small village. He subsequently bought one hundred and thirty acres of 
heavily timbered land in Saukville township, which was then in Wash- 
ington county, but is now embraced within the limits of Ozaukee county. 
All of the country roundabout was in its virgin wildness, he and his fam- 
ily following an Indian trail the greater part of their way thither, jour- 
neying on foot through the dense woods. He immediately began the 
improvement of a homestead, at the same time following his professional 
work for many years, being the pioneer teacher of that region and later 
the county superintendent of schools. On the farm that he redeemed, 
from the wilderness he spent the remainder of his long life, passing away 
at the venerable age of ninety-three years. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Ellen O'Donovan, was born in county Cork, Ireland. She attained 
the age of ninety-two years. Seven children were bom of their union^ 
as follows; Cornelius, Mary, Annie, James, William H. 11. , Robert and 
Julia. 

Attending the pioneer schools of Saukville township and profiting by 
his father's home teachings, William II. II. Hurley acquired an excellent 
knowledge of books while young, and at the age of twenty years was 
teaching school in Ozaukee county, Wisconsin. Then after taking a 
course of study at the University of Wisconsin, in Madison, he taught in 
the Cedarburg High School. In 1868 he entered the law department of 
the State University, from which he was graduated in 1870. Being ad- 
mitted to the bar the same year, Mr. Hurley began the practice of his 
profession in Fond du Lac, and met with such encouraging success that 
he continued there twelve years. Coming to Iron Mountain in 1884, he 
has here built up an extensive and valuable clientele, being one of the 
best known and most successful criminal lawyers in the Upper Peninsula, 
Mr. Hurley east his first presidential vote, in 1868, for Horatio Sey- 
mour, and has ever since been a consistent Democrat in politics. Al- 
though not an office seeker, he was elected justice of the peace in 1909, 
and is serving the people in that capacity at the present writing, in 1910. 
Fraternally Mr. Hurley was one of the founders and is now past worthy 
of Iron Mountain Aerie, No. 428, Order of Eagles. Mr. Hurley has never 
married. On the 30th of June, 1861, he was at his father's home when 
the great phenomenon took place, wjiich was declared by astronomei-a 
to be the earth's passing through the tail of a comet and by some de- 
clared to be Halley's comet. He also remembers well the Indian trou- 
bles of 1865 in Wisconsin. 



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746 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Geoboe Walter Youngs.— Throi^hout the Upper Peninsula the 
name of Youngs is synonymous with thrift, enterprise and prosperity, 
in the business circles of this section of the country standing pre-emi- 
nent, and George Walter Youngs, a well-known capitalist, has such 
valuable and extensive interests in mines and real estate that, although 
a resident of Algoma, Wisconsin, he has to spend much of his time at 
Iron River, Iron county. A son of David Youngs, he was born, Feb- 
ruary 7, 1850, in Baciae, Wisconsin, coming from pure Scotch ances- 
try. His paternal grandfather, John Youngs, was born and bred in 
Argyteshire, Scotland. In 1834 he came with his wife and son to the 
United States, landing in New York city. Proceeding to the western 
part of the state, he bought a tract of heavily timbered land in Niag- 
ara county, about six miles west of Lockport, known as Hess road. 
He was an early settler of that place, and there built quite a preten- 
tious house for those days. A follower of Isaak Walton, he found pleas- 
ure not only with the rod, but with the gun, and being kept well sup- 
plied with money from home was enabled to enjoy his chosen sports 
of fishing and hunting to his heart's content. In 1836 he removed to 
Chicago, which was then a small village, and while there his wife, 
whose maiden name was Jane MacHutcheon, died, about 1837. lie 
subsequently settled in Galena, Illinois, and while there secured title 
to an island in the Mississippi river. From Gaiena he went west, and 
was never again heard from, having, without doubt, lost his life on 
the plains. 

Born in Argyleshire, Scotland, David Youngs was a very small 
child when he crossed the ocean with his parents. He was an only 
son, and after the loss of his father went to Racine, Wisconsin, ana 
when a youth began to sail the Lakes, at the age of nineteen years 
being made captain of a vessel. He subsequently became owner of a 
line of boats, and was for many years engaged in the transportation 
business. Going to Algoma, Wisconsin, in 1855, he was one of the 
first settlers of that place, which was then and for many years there- 
after known as Ahnepee. Embarking in the mercantile and timber 
business, he was thus actively engaged until his death, August 5, 1874. 
He married Amanda Harkins, who was born in Meadville, Pennsyl- 
vania. Her father, a native of Pennsylvania, was a pioneer of Racine, 
Wisconsin, locating there about 1828. She died in June, 1854, leaving 
three children, George Walter, Jane and Frank. The father never 
married again, devoting his loving attention to the care of his children. 

George Walter Youngs obtained his first knowledge of books, in 
1857, in Algoma, Wisconsin, attending the school kept in a shack 
owned by his father, Irene Yates, who afterwards became the wife of 
B, F. Demming, being the teacher. Beginning when quite young to 
assist his father, he obtained a practical business experience that 
proved of inestimable value to him in his subsequent career. In 1867, 
his father gave him a saw mill located at the head of the Ahnepee 
river, and for over thirty years he was engaged in the manufacture 
of lumber and shingles. In 1876, in company with Mr. Fetzer, he 
built a grist mill at the head waters of the Ahnepee river. In the 
year 1897 he came to Iron River and engaged in the manufacturing 
of lumber and timber business. In the meantime he had become inter- 
ested in the vast mineral resources of the Upper Peninsula, and in 
1900 he opened the Hiawatha Mine, near Iron River. Since that time 
Mr. Youngs has opened the Youngs Mine at Iron River, the Grove- 
land at Randville, and the McDonald Mine at Crystal Falls, and still 
has financial interests in each of these properties, and retains the man- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 747 

agement. Mr. Youngs likewise has mining interests in the west, a 
shareholder in Nevada and Colorado mines, and is president of the 
Battery Company of Milwaukee. 

Mr. Youngs is an extensive dealer in real estate, being always ready 
to buy or sell, having usually upwards of ten thousand acres on hand 
for disposal. In 1909 he platted an eighty-acre addition to the town 
of Iron River, known as Youngs' Addition, which will in course of 
time become an important part of the city. 

Mr. Youngs married, December 18, 1874, Kate Yates, who was 
born in Kenosha, Wisconsin, where her parents, J. L. V. and Jane 
(Ames) Yates, were pioneer settlers, moving to that place from Syra- 
cuse, New York. Mr. and Mrs. Youngs are the parents of three chil- 
dren, namely: Belle, David and Frank. Belle married Vojta Kwapil. 
and has one son, Walter Y. David married Irene Lucas, and has one 
child, Marion. Frank married Jane Myers, and they have one child. 
David M. Both sons are associated in business with their father, Da- 
vid being bookkeeper at the mines and Frank being superintendent. 

Geoeoe L. Hastings. — At this point is entered a brief review of the 
career of one of the representative business men and popular citizens 
of Menominee, where he is manager of the Northern Hardware & Sup- 
ply Company, one of the important wholesale concerns that lend prec- 
edence to this city as a commercial center. Mr. Hastings assisted in 
the organization of this corporation, and it is principally owing to his 
able and discriminating efforts that it has become one of the extensive 
and substantial business houses of the Upper Peninsula, throughout 
■which its trade extends, as it does also into the greater part of north- 
ern and central Wisconsin. 

George Lee Hastings was born in St. Lawrence county, New York. 
on the 8th of September, 1860, and is a son of Nelson and Nancy 
(White) Hastings, the former of whom was born in Vermont, in 1807, 
and the latter of whom was born in New York state, in 1830, both 
being representatives of families founded in New England in the 
colonial era of the nation's history. The father died in St. Lawrence 
county. New York, in 1872, and his widow, long surviving him, passed 
the closing years of her life in Michigan, and died at the home of her 
son, G. L., in 1900. Of the five children of this union all are now de- 
ceased except the subject of this sketch, who is the youngest of the 
number. Nelson Hastings was reared to manhood in the old Green 
Mountain state, whence he removed to New York state when a young 
man, becoming one of the pioneer settlers of St. Lawrence county, 
where be reclaimed a farm from the forest and where he continued to 
maintain his home until his death. In politics he was a staunch ad- 
herent of the Democratic party, and his wife held membership in the 
Methodist Episcopal church. 

On the old homestead farm of his parents, in St. Lawrence county, 
New York, George L. Hastings was reared to the age of fourteen years, 
and in the meanwhile he received such educational advantages as 
were afforded in the district schools of the locality. At the early age 
mentioned be severed the home ties and valiantly set forth to iight the 
battle of life on his own responsibility. It may well be understood 
that the boy was not lacking in courage and self-reliance, and also 
that he encountered his full quota of vicissitudes and hardships. He 
bravely pressed forward, however, toward the goal of a definite ambi- 
tion, and he gained valuable lessons in the stem school of experience. 
He has been in the most significant sense the architect of his own 



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748 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

fortunes and has made of success not an accident but a logical result 
of persistent and well directed effort. At the age of fourteen years 
youag Hastings was found employed at farm work in Tuscola county, 
in the Lower Peninsula of Michigan, and there he continued to reside 
from 1874 until 1887, in which latter year he went to the city of Sag- 
inaw, this state, where he secured employment in the extensive whole- 
sale hardware establishment of Morley Brothers. Here he found op- 
portunity to gain technical and business knowledge of valuable order 
and thus to lay a firm foundation for his future success in connection 
with the same line of commercial enterprise. He continued in the em- 
ploy of Morley Brothers for a period of four years, at the expiration 
of which, in 1891, he came to Menominee, Michigan, where he soon 
afterward became one of the organizers of the Menominee Hardware 
Company, of whose business he was manager until June, 1898, when 
he disposed of his interest in the same. In the following November, 
now firmly established in the confidence and respect of the leading 
business men of Menominee, he became the principal promoter of the 
organization of the Northern Hardware & Supply Company, in which 
he has since held the office of general manager. The company now 
has a large and well equipped establishment, and from the same is 
controlled a representative and substantial trade throughout northern 
Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Mr. Hastings is 
known as a business man of marked discrimination and initiative 
power and as a citizen well worthy of the high regard in which he is 
held by all who know him. Close application, honorable methods and 
indefatigable industry have characterized his business career, and he 
has reason to be gratified in the success that he has achieved through 
his own ability and eiForts. Though never a seeker of official prefer- 
ment Mr. Hastings accords an unwavering allegiance to the Repub- 
lican party, and he has shown at all times the utmost civic loyalty and 
public spirit. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal^ and his 
wife of the Presbyterian church in their home city, where they have 
a wide circle of loyal and valued friends. 

On the 31st of January, 1894, was solemnized the marriage of Mr, 
Hastings to Miss Nellie Louise Whitehorn, who was born and reared 
in Menominee and who is a daughter of Abraham and Anna M, (Hast- 
ings) Whitehorn. Mr. Whitehorn was born at Wellingsford, Chit- 
tenden county, Vermont, on the 12th of October, 1829, and is now one 
of the venerable and honored pioneer citizens of Menominee. His 
father was a native of England and was three times married; of his 
eighteen children the only one surviving is Abraham Whitehorn, 
father of Mrs. Hastings. When Mr. Whitehorn was a lad of twelve 
years he accompanied his parents on their removal from Vermont to 
Schuyler county. New York, where he was reared to maturity and 
whence he finally went to New York city, where he remained five 
years, within which he served a thorough apprenticeship at the car- 
penter's trade, in which he became a specially skillful artisan. Upon 
leaving the national metropolis he came west and located in Chicago, 
where he remained about one year, at the expiration of which he 
located at Green Bay, Wisconsin, where he engaged in contracting 
and building and where he erected the old Vermont House, one of the 
best of the early hotels of that now thriving city. In 1861 Mr. White- 
horn returned to his old home in Schuyler county, New York, and on 
the 13th of August, 1862, he enlisted for service in defense of the 
Union, becoming a member of Company H, One Hundred and Seventh 
New York Vohmteer Infantry, and having recruited more volunteers 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF illCIIIGAN 749 

for his regiment than did any other one man. He proceeded with his 
regiment to the front and it was his to endure his full quota of the 
hardships and sanguinary conflicts marking the progress of the war. 
He was the first member of his regiment to be raised from the ranks 
to a commissioned office, having been made second lieutenant of his 
company and having soon afterward been assigned command of a de- 
tachment of thirty men, whom he led forth on a successful foraging 
expedition. He was with Sherman in the Atlanta campaign and 
thence forward on the ever memorable march to the sea. In an engage- 
ment at Solomon's Grove, North Carolina, he received a severe saber 
wound in the head and there he was captured by the enemy, on the 
15th of February, 1865, being taken to Libby prison, in the city of 
Richmond, Virginia, where he was held in duress until he was paroled. 
He participated in all of the many engagements in which his regiment 
was involved, including the historic and sanguinary battle of Gettys- 
burg, and never was absent from duty during his prolonged period 
of service except for the time he was held as a prisoner of war. He 
had the privilege of participating in the Grand Review of the victo- 
rious troops in the city of "Washington after the close of the war, and 
was mustered out at Annapolis, Maryland, in 1865. He received his 
honorable discharge after his return to New York state. He located 
in the state of New York, and continued to be engaged in contracting 
and building until 1870, when he came to Michigan and established 
his home in Menominee, where he became one of the leading contract- 
ors and builders of this section of the state. Many specimens of his 
skill in this line still remain in this city, and he erected the first bank 
building of Menominee in 1876. The interior finishing of this bank- 
ing office was of beautful black walnut and the fittings were ornate 
and admirably installed under his personal supervision. At the com- 
pletion of the work the oifice was one of the finest in the Union, and 
for many years it continued to attract much attention. Mr. White- 
horn was one of the organizers of Lyon Post, No. 266, Grand Army of 
the Republic, in Menominee, and was its first commander. He has 
been an elder in the Presbyterian church since 1871, and in politics 
he has been aligned as a supporter of the cause of the Republican 
party from the time of its organization. Mr. and Mrs. Hastings have 
two children,— Dorothy Lee and George Lee, Jr. 

"WiE.LARD J. Smith. — A wide-awake, brainy and enterprising young 
man, Willard J. Smith, of Mohawk, is actively identified with the ad- 
vancement of an industry which forms one of the chief sources of the 
Upper Peninsula's wealth, being assistant superintendent of two large 
mining properties. A son of Fred Smith, he was bom. May 9, 1876, in 
Huron, Houghton county, Michigan, coming from German ancestry, his 
grandfather, Joseph Schmidt, having spent his entire life in Baden, 
Germany. 

Bom at Waldshut on the Rhine, Baden, Fred Smith was there edu- 
cated, his earlier years being spent in school, mostly. Ambitious to se- 
cure a good start in life, he emigrated to this country at the age of 
eighteen years, coming directly to the Upper Peninsula, where he soon 
found employment at the Delaware Mine. Subsequently going to Rock- 
land, he worked for awhile at the Minnesota, now the Michigan Mine, 
one of the oldest mines in this part of the state. Going from Rockland 
to Houghton, he was first clerk for the Smith Harris store, afterward 
clerking for the Huron Mining Company. He proceeded next to Copper 
Falls as clerk, and thence to the Allouez Mine as clerk, and superin- 



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750 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

tendent, resigniag that position to accept the super intendeney of the 
Wolveiine Mine. Later, upon the organization of the Mohawk Mining 
Company, he was made superintendent of the Mohawk Mine, and has 
since had control of both the Wolverine and the Mohawk mines. 

The maiden name of the wife of Fred Smith was Rebecca Getehel!. 
She was born at Machias, Maine, which was the birthplace of her father, 
Willard Getchell, who came to the Upper Peninsula at an early day and 
was first engaged in the manufacture of sashes, doors and blinds, after- 
ward teaching school for a few years. In 1877 he located at Allouez, 
and was there a resident until his death, in 1899. Mr. Getchell married 
Susan Rebecca Chase, who was born in Maine, of old colonial ancestry, 
and they reared children. Mr. and Mrs, Fred Smith are the parents 
of five children, namely : Jessie, Willard J., Nettie, Carl and Rudolph. 

Having obtained his preliminary education in the common schools 
of Allouez, Willard J. Smith entered the Calumet high school, from 
which he was graduated with the class of 1893. He subsequently at- 
tended the Michigan School of Mines three consecutive years, and then, 
after staying out a year, returned, and was there graduated in 1899. 
Thus equipped for his chosen work, Mr. Smith was mining engineer for 
the Wolverine and Mohawk mines until 1903, when he was promoted to 
his present position as assistant superintendent, of these mines, his father 
being the superintendent. 

Mr. Smith married, in February, 1905, Allie Kane, who was bom at 
the Delaware Mine, Keweenaw county, Michigan, where her parents 
settled when coming from New York state to Michigan. 

Mr. Smith is prominent in fraternal circles, being a member of Calu- 
met Lodge, No. 271, F. & A. M. ; of Gate of the Temple Chapter, No. 35, 
R. A. M. ; of Montrose Commandery, No. 38, K. T, ; of Ahmed Temple, 
Order of the Mystic Shrine; and of Calumet Lodge, No. 404, B. P. 0. E. 
A decided Republican in politics, he has served as supervisor since 1907, 
having been reelected to the office each year since that time, 

Ed Erickson. — Energetic, enterprising and progressive, Ed Erick- 
son is actively associated with the advancement of the commercial inter- 
ests of the Northern Peninsula, and as the leading merchant of Escanab^i 
is carrying on a thriving business. A native of Wisconsin, he was bom, 
in Manitowoc county, Wisconsin, September 26, 1853, and was there 
brought up and educated. 

Holbar Erickson, Mr. Erickson 's father, was bom in Norway, and 
there resided until after his marriage. Coming with his young wife to 
this country in 1852, he immediately located in Wisconsin. There he 
resided until his death, at the advanced age of eighty-two years. His 
wife, whose maiden name was Sophia Bei^, was born, brought up, and 
married in Norway, and is now a resident of Wisconsin, being eighty- 
one years old. Her children, six sons and one daughter, were all bom 
in Wisconsin, Ed, the subject of this sketch, being the oldest child. 

Living with his parents until seventeen years old, Ed Erickson ac- 
quired a practical common school education in his native town, and was 
afterwards employed in a saw mill two years. Going then to Tomah, 
Wisconsin, he was employed in the general store of J. D. Marsden for 
just three months. He afterwards clerked in a dry goods store at Sparta, 
Wisconsin, remaining there until 1874, when he located in Escanaba. 
Here he was similarly employed for about five years, first with L. Schram, 
and later in the dry goods and clothing establishment of Greenhood 
Brothers. The following two years, ia partnership with P. N. Cardogo, 
he was engaged in the dry goods business on his own account, being 



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THE NOBTHEBN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 751 

junior member of the firm of Cardogo & Erickson. Embarking then in 
business alone, Mr. Erickson began on a jiiodest scale, and has gradually 
enlarged his operations, and is now carrying on an extensive business, 
having one of the largest dry goods establishments of the Northern Pen- 
insula. In 1904 he built his present fine brick block, the largest store 
building in the city, and assumed its possession September 5, of that 
year. Mr. Erickson has been in this city for more than thirty-five years,- 
and has met with well deserved success in his business career, being the 
leading dry goods merchant of this section of Delta coiinty. 

Mr. Erickson married first, October 2, 1878, Belle Anthony, who was 
born in St, Louis, Missouri, a daughter of James and Susan Anthony, 
but who spent the greater part of her life in Northern Michigan. She 
died in Escanaba, having been the mother of the following children: 
Fred L., who was graduated from the University of Michigan, is now 
studying theology in New York City ; Edward, in school, and Belle, who 
died July 24, 1909. Mr. Erickson married, second, Bess Livesay, of 
Adrian, Michigan. Fraternally Mr. Erickson belongs to Delta Lodge, 
A. P. Sc A. M. ; and to the Commandery, Knights Templar, of Menom- 
inee, being one of its charter members. He is active in promoting the 
welfare of the city, and is now serving as a member of the Escanaba 
Board of Public Works, 

Daniel "W. PowELL,^The city of Marquette numbers among its 
representative business men and most highly esteemed citizens Daniel 
W. Powell, whose interests here are of varied and important order and 
whose services in various offices of public trust, including that of chair- 
man of the board of supervisors of Marquette county, of which position 
he is incumbent at the time of this writing, in 1910. His career has been 
characteristic of unqualified integrity in all the relations of life and 
thus he has maintained a secure vantage place in the confidence and 
regard of his fellow men, 

Daniel W. Powell was bom in the county of Devon, England, on the 
30th of April, 1846, and is a son of Edmund and Eliza (Perry) Powell, 
both representatives of stanch old English stock. The mother died in 
1872 and the father was summoned to the life eternal in 1900, at a ven- 
erable age. Of the twelve children all were bom in England and of the 
number only three are now living: Eliza, who is the wife of Harry F, 
Handford, who is a representative merchant of Slarquette ; Margaret, 
who is a resident of Mineral "Wells, Texas; and Daniel W,, whose name 
initiates this review. In 1862 Edmund Powell came with his family to 
America and located at Bruce Mine, provinces of Ontario, Canada, where 
he was identified with mining operations until the spring of 1869, when 
he removed to Marquette, Michigan, where he engaged in government 
contract work in connection with harbor improvements. He was a pio- 
neer contractor in this important line in this section of the Union, and 
he continued in active business until 1895, after which he lived retired 
until his death, which occurred in Marquette, No citizen was held in 
higher esteem in the community and none more thoroughly merited this 
popular estimate. 

Daniel W. Powell gained his early educational discipline in his na- 
tive land and was sixteen years of age at the time of the family removal 
to America. At Bruce Mine, Ontario, he was associated with his father 
in connection with copper mining until 1866, when he removed to Ken- 
tucky and secured a position with the Frankfort Mining Company, for 
which he did prospecting and exploring work. In the employ of this 
company he went to Wisconsin and made explorations for lead mines 



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752 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

at Mineral Point. He devoted about six months to this work and there- 
after made a trip through the south. Later he passed a few months in 
prospecting work in Michigan and "Wisconsin, and in April, 1870, he 
took up his residence in Marquette, where he became associated with 
his father in contracting work in connection with harbor improvements. 
In 1877 he engaged in the logging and lumber business in company with 
■his brother Edmund and they continued to do a prosperous business in 
this hne until 1883, when the brother retired. Daniel W. Powell then 
effected the organization of the firm of Powell & Mitchell, which soon 
assumed a position of prominence in connection with contracting for 
dock building and harbor work, mining and railroad construction. With 
this line of enterprise Mr. Powell is still actively identified, and he is 
also engaged in the buying and selling of timber land and in the lumber 
business. He was one of the organizers and has since been vice presi- 
dent of the Marquette National Bank. In politics Mr. Powell gives his 
allegiance to the Republican party and his attitude has at all times been 
that of a progressive and public-spirited citizen. He represented the 
Third ward of Marquette as a member of the board of aldermen for 
several terms and for fifteen years he has been a member of the board 
of supervisors of Marquette county, being chairman of the board at the 
present time. He is also a member of the board of park comm^ioners 
of his home city. He and his wife hold membership in the First Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, and he is alBliated with the Marquette Lodge, 
No. 101, Free and Accepted Masons; Marquette Chapter, No. 43, Royal 
Arch Masons; Marquette Commandery, Knights Templar; and Ahmed 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. 

On the 10th of September, 1873, Mr. Powell was united in marriage 
to Miss Susan Mitchell, who was bom at Bruce Mine, province of On- 
tario, Canada, and whose parents were natives of England. Mr. and 
Mrs. Powell have four children: Josephine P. is the wife of Dr. Harry 
J. Hombogen, of Marquette, and Arthur E., Pearl J. and Daniel Ward 
remain at the parental home. 

Frank H. Getchell, — Noteworthy among the talented and capable 
men who are intimately associated with the mining interests of Ke- 
weenaw county is Frank H. Getchell, of Mohawk, who has inherited 
in no small measure the habits of industry, honesty and thrift char- 
acteristic of his sturdy New England ancestors, these being the cor- 
ner stones of his success in life. A native of the Upper Peninsula, he 
was born, August 4, 1873, at Ripley, a suburb of Hancock, Houghton 
county. 

Andrew M. Getchell, Mr, GetcheU's father, was born, reared and 
educated in Machias, Maine, coming from Colonial ancestry. Having 
there learned the trade of a pattern maker, he followed it a short time, 
and then, following the tide of emigration westward, came to the 
Upper Peninsula, locating in Hancock in 1860. For a short time he 
was associated with his brother in the manufacture of sashes, doors 
and blinds. He was afterward for thirty years superintendent of the 
pattern department of the foundry owned first by the Sheldon Broth- 
ers and later by the Portage Lake Foundry and Machine Company, 
being thus employed until his death, in 1889. He married Emily 
Hague, who was born in Leicestershire, England, a daughter of 
Thomas and Charlotte (Gore) Hague, who emigrated from England 
to America about 1850. On coming to the United States Mr. Hague 
settled with his family in Lowell, Massachusetts, living there about 
ten years. During that time, however, he spent a year searching for 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 753 

gold in Australia, being one hundred and thirty days on the water 
while going to that country, and an equal length of time on his return 
voyage. Soon after his return to his family he left Lowell, and, ac- 
companied by his wife and children, came to the Upper Peninsula, 
locating at Hancock, where, being a natural mechanic and a good 
workman, he was busily engaged in carpentering during the remain- 
der of his active career. Now, a venerable and respected man of 
ninety-two years, he is living retired from business cares. To Andrew 
M, Getehell and his wife two children were born and reared, Morton 
C. and Frank IT. 

When fifteen years old, having completed his early studies in the 
public schools of Houghton, Frank H. Getehell began life as a clerk, 
being first employed in that capacity by the Mineral Ridge Railroad 
Company, later being a clerk in the insurance office of "Wright & 
Stringer, afterward continuing with the Sturgeon River Lumber Com- 
pany, at Chassell, until 1896. Mr. Getehell was subsequently assayer 
for a year for the Lake Superior Smelting Company, giving up that 
position to accept a similar one with the Quiney Smelting Company, 
with which he was associated until 1898. The ensuing year he was 
employed as a clerk at the Allouez Mine, but since 1899 he has been 
clerk and purchasing agent for the Mohawk Mine, his long record of 
service in this position bearing evidence of his ability and good judg- 
ment. 

Mr. Getehell married, in 1899, Ella Major, who was born at Hough- 
ton, Michigan, a daughter of George and Mary Major, the former of 
whom was bom in England and the latter in "Wisconsin. Mr. Major 
was a carpenter, and followed his trade in different places in the 
Upper Peninsula, including L'Anse, where his wife was the first white 
woman that ever lived there. Mr. and Mrs. Getehell have two chil- 
dren, Alice and Marion. Fraternally Mr. Getehell is a member of 
Houghton Lodge, No. 218, F. & A. M. ; of Calumet Chapter, R. A. M. ; 
of Montrose Commandery, No. 38, K. T. ; of Ahmed Temple, Order of 
the Mystic Shrine ; and of Calumet Lodge, No. 404, B. P. 0. E. 

Jacob R. Holfeltz.— Inheriting the habits of industry, thrift and 
honesty characteristic of his German ancestors, Jacob R. Holfeltz has 
met with good success in his active career, and now holds an assured 
position among the prosperous business men of Iron Mountain, Dickin- 
son county. He was born October 1, 1859, in Luxemburg, Germany, 
where he spent the earlier years of his life. 

His father, Jacob R. Holfeltz, Sr., a thrifty farmer, spent his entire 
life in the Fatherland, dying in the prime of a vigorous manhood. He 
married Catherine Rusdorfer, who survived him, and, in 1875, came with 
her children to America. She bought a farm in Meme, Manitowoc county, 
Wisconsin, and there resided until her death, in June, 1909. She reared 
five children, namely : Blarie, wife of Frank Kock, of Marinette, Wiscon- 
sin ; John, living on the home farm ; Jacob R., the subject of this sketch ; 
Nicholas, also living on the homestead; and James, of Eseanaba, Michi- 
gan. 

Coming with the family to the United States in 1875, Jacob R. Hol- 
feltz assisted in the clearing and improving of the home farm at Meme, 
Wisconsin, being associated with his brothers until he was twenty-six 
years of age. Locating then in Marinette, Wisconsin, he remained there 
two years. Coming then to Iron Mountain, he has since been here en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits, and as a dealer in building materials and 
ice, coal and wood has built up an extensive and profitable trade. 



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754 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF JHCHIGAN 

Mr. Holfeltz married, July 20, 1888, Anna Tauseheck, who was born 
at Cato, Manitowoc eoianty, Wisconsin, a daughter of Ferdinand Tau- 
seheck, a native of Germany. Mr. and Mrs, Holfeltz are parents of four 
children, namely: Mary, Margaret, Clara and Evangeline, True to the 
religious faith in which he was born and reared, Mr. Holfeltz is a mem- 
ber of the Roman Catholic church. He is a Republican in politics, and 
has served as a member of the city council, and at the present time, 1910, 
is one of the commissioners of the poor for Dickinson county. 

William Simpson, — At Noa, 718-20 Main street is located the large 
and well equipped general hardware establishment of this sterling and 
representative business man of the city of Menominee, and the con- 
structive solidity of his powers as a business man well indicates that 
he is possessed of those traits of mind that have made the true Scots- 
man a valuable factor wherever he has been found. He came to 
America from the land of the Grampian hills when a young man, and 
here he has achieved definite success through his own well directed 
energies. 

William Simpson is a native of Fifeshire, Scotland, where he was 
bom on the 9th of July, 1861, and he is a son of Peter and Jane (Hen- 
derson) 'Simpson, both of whom were likewise natives of Fifeshire, 
with whose history the family names have been identified for many 
generations. The father was a sea-faring man in his earlier days and 
later turned his attention to the vocation of engineer. He continued 
to reside in his native country until his death, at the age of sixty- 
seven years, and his wife still resides in Fifeshire. He was a devout 
member of the Presbyterian church, as is also his widow. Of their 
seven children only three are now living, — Ann, who is the widow of 
John Henderson and resides in Scotland, where her husband was a 
mine superintendent at the time of his death ; William, who is the 
immediate subject of this sketch; and Jane, who is the wife of Alex- 
ander Raber, of Fifeshire. He whose name introduces this article 
was afforded the advantages of the schools of his native land and as 
a youth he served a thorough apprenticeship at the iron-moulder's 
trade, which he continued to follow in Scotland until 1884, when at 
the age of twenty-three years he came to America and located in the 
city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where he secured employment at his 
trade in the great manufactory of the E. P. AUis Company, with which 
concern he remained for a period of eight years. He was assistant 
foreman in his department for some time before resigning his position. 
In 1892 he went to Duluth, Minnesota, where he found employment in 
the shops of the Prescott Company, manufacturers of milling machin- 
ery, and where he remained thus engaged for two years, at the expi- 
ration of which, in 1894, he engaged in the retail hardware business 
in Duluth. He disposed of this enterprise in 1896 and removed to 
Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, where he was engaged in the same line of 
business until 1898, when he sold out and located in the city of Minne- 
apolis, as a manufacturers' agent and broker in the handling of gen- 
eral hardware. In connection with this business he traveled exten- 
sively throughout the northwest and was specially successful. In 
1906 Mr. Simpson came to Menominee and purchased the stock and 
business of the Northern Hardware & Supply Company, and he has 
since conducted a general retail hardware business in this city, where 
his careful methods, fairness and upright dealings have gained to him a 
large and constantly expanding trade, which clearly indicates the confi- 
dence and esteem in which he is held in the community. He carries the 



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THE NORTHEKN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 755 

largest stock in his line to be found in the Menominee river distriet, 
and he has proved a valuable acquisition to the progressive business 
circles of the Upper Peniusula. 

Though never a seeker of political office, Mr. Simpson accords a 
staunch allegiance to the cause of the Eepubliean party, and he shows 
a loyal intei est in public affairs of a local order. He and his wife are 
zealous members of the Presbyterian church, and in the time-honored 
Masonic fraternity his afliliations are with Menominee Lodge, No. 
269, Free & Accepted Masons, of which he was tyler in 1910 ; Menominee 
Chapter, No. 107, Royal Arch Masons; Menominee Council, Royal & 
Select Masters ; and Menominee Chapter, No. 284, Order of the Eastern 
Star, of which last named hody his wife is worthy matron at the time 
of this writing. 

In the city of Chicago, on the 3d of July, 1885, was solemnized the 
marriage of Mr. Simpson to Miss Mary E. Fisher, who was bom in 
Perthshire, Scotland, as were also her parents, William and Isabella 
("Wright) Fisher, both of whom are now deceased. The father died 
in his native land, but the mother came to America. Mrs. Simpson is 
the only one of their children now living. Mr. and Mrs. Simpson 
have seven children, namely: Peter B., William F., Isabella W., 
Jane H., ITarry A., Robert S. and Mary E. 

Charles H. Pe^vse became a resident of Sault Ste. Marie nearly 
forty years ago and was long numbered among the most prominent 
and honored business men of the city, where he continued to reside 
until his death, which occurred in the city of Cleveland, Ohio, on the 
1st of February, 1897. He was a man of sterling attributes of char- 
acter and his success stood as the direct result of his own efforts as 
he initiated his independent career when but sixteen years of age. 
His effective labors as a business man and his high standing as a cit- 
izen renders most consonant a review of his career in this history. 

Charles H. Pease was bom in the city of Rochester, New York, 
on the 25th of November, 1849, and was a son of Gideon C. and Maria 
B. (Campbell) Pease, the former of whom was born in Hamilton, New 
York, on the 2nd of December, 1824, and the latter of whom was born 
in the parish of Killashee, county of Longford, Ireland, on the 8th 
of March, 1830, her death occurring in Rochester, New York, in June, 
1875. Of the eight children the subject of this review was the eld- 
est. Charles H. Pease secured his early educational training in the 
city of Buffalo and when sixteen years of age he severed the home 
ties and set forth to seek his fortunes in the west. He secured a 
position as clerk for the Aultraan Fur Company, m the city of 
Detroit, Michigan, where he remained until 1873, on the 4th of Sep- 
tember of which year, he located in Sault Ste. Marie. For two years 
after his arrival he was employed by the firm of Prenzlauer Brothers 
and thereafter he had charge of the general store of Boyle and 
Roach, large contractors. Finally he associated himself with John 
B. Sevald and engaged in the general mercantile business, on Water 
street, where the tirm built up a large and prosperous business. 
After two years Mr. Pease purchased his partner's interest and 
thereafter he conducted the enterprise individually for another two 
years. Nervous prostration resulting in partial paralysis necessitated 
his retirement from business in 1887, and thereafter he lived virtu- 
ally retired, save that he served as deputy state oil inspector for the 
Twentieth district, a position to which he was appointed in 1893 and 
in which, notwithstanding his physical infirmities, he made a record 



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756 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

tor efficient and faithful service. He was a stanch Republican in his 
political proclivities and was affiliated with the Masonic fraternity 
and the Kinights of Pythias. He was a man of most generous im- 
pulses and utmost kindliness and in his home city his circle of friends 
was coincident with that of his acciuaintanees. In December, 1896, 
he went to Cleveland, Ohio, for the purpose of securing medical 
treatment for his paralytic disorder and there his death occurred on 
the 1st of February, 1897, as already stated. His loving and devoted 
wife was by his side when he was summoned to the life eternal and 
she brought his remains to Sault Ste. Marie, where the funeral 
services were held at St. Mary's Catholic church on the morning of 
February 4th t the interment was made in the Hill cemetery. Mr. 
Pease was one of the best known and most popular citizens of Sanlt 
Ste. Marie and his death was deeply mourned by a wide circle of 
loyal friends. 

On the 13th of October, 1875, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Pease to Miss Sophia A. La Londe, who was bom and reared in Sault 
Ste. Marie, and who is a daughter of the late Seraphin La Londe, to 
whom a memoir is dedicated elsewhere in this volume. Mrs. Pease 
survives her honored husband and still maintains her home in Sault 
Ste. Marie. Concerning their children the following brief record is 
given, in conclusion of this sketch, — Marie Augusta died at the age 
of nineteen years; Charlotte Adelaide was twenty-three years of age 
at the time of her death; Archangel E. died at the age of fourteen 
years ; William Campbell ; George Elmer ; Olive Gertrude died at the 
age of eight years; Joseph S. remains at the maternal home and Viola 
Ruth died at the age of four years. 

HiBAM Abifp Barr has a history of nearly half a century's associa- 
tion with the Northern Peninsula, which is a remarkable index to the 
development of this district, and has a noteworthy interest as the story 
of an individual life. 

Mr. Barr became identified with the Northern Peninsula in the ser- 
vice of a railroad. As a railroad man he has been best known. In the 
development of the magnificent natural resources of the Peninsula, 
the railroads were the most useful instrument employed by the giants 
of industry who blazed the trails to the heart of the Peninsula. Also 
the railroads have been the avenues of wealth and civilization ever 
since. For this reason one whose service for so many years was given 
to the promotion of the business interests of one of the principal rail- 
road lines has reason to be considered among the builders of the in- 
dustrial civilization in Northern Michigan. 

In 1864, an active and energetic young man of thirty years, he took 
charge of the dock of the C. & N. W. Railroad at the site on the shore 
of Lake Michigan where the city of Bscanaba now rears its solid 
blocks of business houses and factory chimneys. The railroad, the 
shipping docks and a few stores hardly entitled Escanaba at that time 
to be called a village. Ten years later, in 1874, the importance of Es- 
canaba having in the meantime grown so that the future of the city 
seemed assured, Mr. Barr was promoted to the position of general 
agent for the Peninsula division of the Northwestern Railroad. For 
over thirty years, until 1905, he filled this position with an efficiency 
that always made him equal to the growing importance of his duties 
and won for him the thorough commendation and esteem of the man- 
agement of the Northwestern road. An in.jury in a runaway caused 
his retirement from active work in 1905, after more than forty years' 
continuous service for the railroad at Escanaba. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF JIICIIIGAN 757 

Having been identified with Escanaba almost from its beginning, 
Mr. Barr has combined an active public spirit with a successful business 
career. He was one of the first village presidents, before Escanaba was 
incorporated as a city. He was also a president of the school board. Be- 
sides his official connection with the railroad, he was interested in 
land and lumbering, and is still owner of considerable property in 
and about Escanaba. 

Mr, Barr was bom in Franklin county, Vermont, seventy-five years 
ago, on September 5, 1834. His father, Conrad, a native of New York 
and of English, German and Scotch ancestry, was a' farmer and died 
in Vermont. His mother, whose maiden name was Sally Carman, 
was of German and English descent and was bom in Vermont. These 
parents had thirteen children, ten of whom grew to maturity. 

Hiram Abiff, the fourth in the family, lived on the Vermont home- 
stead until he was twenty-two. For three years he lived in Massa- 
chusetts and also a time in Illinois before coming to the Northern 
Peninsula. He was married in 1874 to Miss Ellen Louise Perkins, a 
daughter of Eliab and Jane E. Perkins of Pond du Lac, Wisconsin, 
Mrs. Barr died in August, 1899, During their happy married life of 
twenty-five years there were five children bom to them. Iliram C. 
lives in Idaho. "Wallace died young. William W. is a lumberman of 
Seattle, Washington. James Allen is a mining instructor in Washing- 
ton state. And Frank Wesley lives in Idaho, All the sons were born 
in Escanaba, and except the one deceased, grew up there, went to 
school, and have become successful business men and substantial cit- 
izens. The father now spends most of his time at the home of his son 
William in Seattle, returning occasionally to Escanaba to look after 
his business interests. 

Mr, Barr has been a life-long Republican. For many years he has 
been a Mason, and at one time was master of the Escanaba lodge. 

Chakles A, Wright, president of The Superior National Bank and 
president of The Superior Trust Company, of Hancock, Michigan, has 
taken an active part in the industrial and business development of 
the copper mining district of northern Michigan. He was born at 
Hartford, Connecticut, December 4, 1854. His father was Joseph 
Augustus Wright and his mother, Emily S. (Barker) Wright, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Woodbury Barker, of Eoxbury, Massachusetts, His 
father was an officer of one of the large insurance companies of Hart- 
' ford, and afterwards continued the insurance business in Chicago, 
where he died in 1862. His ancestors on both sides originally came 
from England and were among the early settlers of the North Amer- 
ican Colonies. On the father's side they are traced directly back to 
Thomas Wright, who settled in Wethersfield, Connecticut, in 1639, and 
was a deputy to the General Court in 1643. Joseph Wright, M. A., 
Tale 1807, grandfather of Charles A. Wright, married Sarah Lock- 
wood, daughter of Rev. William Loekwood, M. A., Yale 1777, a chap- 
lain during the Revolutionary war, a friend of General Washington 
and a member of the celebrated patriotic society, "The Cincinnati." 
The father of Rev. William Loekwood and great-great-grandfather 
of Charles A. Wright was Rev. James Loekwood, M. A., Tale 1738, 
a Fellow of Tale College and one of the most scholarly men of his 
times. In September, 1766, he was chosen by the corporation of Yale 
College as president of the College, but declined, and the place was 
filled by Dr. Daggett. 

Charles A. AVright received his early education principally in the 



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75b THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

schools of Hartford, Connecticut, tbougli it was frequently interrupt- 
ed, owing to his mother having married the second time an officer in 
the United States Army, Captain J. W. Keller, who was transferred 
from post to post, and whose wife and her only son and daughter 
generally accompanied him. In 1873, at the age of eighteen, he came 
to Hancock and accepted a position in the banking office of E. H. 
Towar & Company. A year later this firm organized the First Na- 
tional Bank of Hancock, of which Mr. Wright was appointed teller 
and held that position till 1880, when he accepted the office of sec- 
retary and treasurer of the Mineral Range Railroad Company. In 
1885 he was made general manager of that company, and during this 
and the following year was mainly instrumental in the construction 
and completion of the first railroad bridge across Portage Lake, be- 
tween Hancock and Houghton, thus giving for the first time a rail- 
road outlet for the industries and population north of Portage Lake. 
In 1887 he was also made general manager of the Hancock and Calu- 
met Railroad Company. In 1890 he organized and became the pres- 
ident of The Superior Savings Bank of Hancock, with a paid in capi- 
tal of $100,000, this being the first savings bank to be incorporated 
under state laws in this part of Michigan. In 1893 he resigned the 
management of the Mineral Range and Hancock and Calumet rail- 
roads for the purpose of engaging in the practice of law, for which he 
had long entertained an ambition and desire. For seven months he 
assiduously devoted himself at his own residence to the study of the 
theory and practice of law, after which he applied for admission to the 
bar and was duly admitted to practice in April, 1894, after success- 
fully passing an examination by court and attorneys in the open court 
room of the twelfth judicial circuit at Houghton, Michigan. In 1896, 
in conjunction with his eo-direetors of The Superior Savings Bank, he 
organized and became president of The State Savings Bank of Lau- 
rium. In 1899 he succeeded in effecting the organization of the Cop- 
per Range Company, a corporation which had for one of its principle 
objects the construction of a railroad along the copper range south of 
Portage Lake. The following aecoiuit of this important enterprise, 
which has been the means of such rapid development of the copper 
mines south of Houghton, is taken from The Houghton Daily Mining 
Gazette of December 23, 1899 : 

"Ten years ago, in the fall of 1889, Mr. Wright, who was then Gen- 
eral Manager of the Mineral Range and Hancock & Calumet railroads, 
invited a number of Houghton County gentlemen to attend a meeting • 
at his office in Hancock for the purpose of considering the feasibility 
of building a railroad from Houghton, Michigan, to Watersmeet, 
Michigan, about eighty miles. Those who attended the meeting were 
T. L. Chadboume, James B. Sturgis, James R. Cooper, Johnson Vivian, 
R. R. Goodell, John Duncan and C. A. Wright, all of whom expressed 
themselves in favor of organizing a railroad company for the purpose 
of surveying a route and constructing a railroad between the points 
named. 

"At a meeting called for the purpose a short time later, the North- 
ern Michigan Railroad Company was organized, and Messrs. Jay A. 
riubbell, John Daniell and Edgar H. Towar joined the enterprise. 
C. A. Wright became president of the company and James B. Sturgis 
secretary and treasurer. 

"Each of the ten gentlemen named above subscribed an equal 
amount, and the survey of the road was commended at once, and fin- 
ished in the spring of 1890. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 759 

"The South Range territory was known to possess great mineral 
value, which, taken together with the timber resources of this sec- 
tion, and the desirability of a competing road into this country, was 
thought sufficient to warrant the originators of the Northern Michi- 
gan Railroad Company in their efforts to procure the construction of 
the road. 

"The funds with the original promoters becoming exhausted, Mr, 
Wright at different times during the following years made efforts to 
induce the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Company and 
the Chicago & North-Western Company to build the road, and also 
labored with various eastern capitalists without success. Just prior 
to the panic of 1893, the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Com- 
pany had almost determined to build it. The panic effectually post- 
poned this and almost all other railroad expansion. In 1896 the Chi- 
cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Company actually decided to 
build the road, but were again prevented by the threatening condition 
of our currency system and the sudden alarm with which capitalists 
and financiers viewed the possibility of the free coinage of silver. 

"Disappointed in his efforts with the Northwestern and St. Paul 
people, Mr. Wright finally, in the winter of 1897-8, spent considerable 
time in Boston and succeeded in interesting, through Mr. Arthur G, 
Stauwood and Mr. R. R. Goodell, officers of the St. Mary's Canal & 
Mineral Land Company, the directors of that Company in the project 
of building about forty miles of the proposed Northern Michigan rail- 
road from Houghton to a connection with the St. Paul Railway near 
Greenland, the directors agreeing to donate a certain amount of their 
valuable mineral lands in aid of the enterprise. In the meantime, 
through the influence of Hon. Jay A. Hubbell, who had always taken 
great interest in promoting the building of the road, a bill had 
passed congress, authorizing the use of the present Portage Lake rail- 
road bridge by other railroad companies. 

"After securing the promise of a donation of lands by the canal 
company's directors, Mr. Wright immediately endeavored to secure 
the necessary capital to build the road. About this time the danger 
of a possible war with Spain was apparent, and there was evidently 
no time to lose. William A. Paine, of the firm of Paine, Webber & 
Company, was appealed to and at once subscribed a large amount. 

"Other large sums had been promised, and the enterprise again 
seemed certain of realization. The next day, in startling headlines, 
the daily papers announced that Congress had appropriated a $50,- 
000,000 war fund. For the time being capitalists turned a deaf ear to 
the most attractive new enterprises, and after a number of rebuffs, 
realizing the futility of further efforts at present, Mr. Wright return- 
ed to Hancock. 

"Ihiring the following summer it became apparent that the war 
must end quickly. Stock values began to rise, and the lands of the 
South Range began to attract attention for exploration and develop- 
ment purposes, Mr. Wright had for a long time been the president 
and principal owner of the stock of the South Shore Mining Company, 
a corporation owning 3,360 acres of land on the west side of the Copper 
Range, a few miles south of Houghton, and conceived the idea of 
combining these lands with the lands of S. L. Smith and the Douglass 
estate, amounting to about 3,700 acres, together with 4,480 acres of 
lands of the canal company, making a solid block of 11,500 acres of 
land of great possible mineral value, in the organization of a mining 
and development company which should have as an important motive 



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760 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF illCHIGAN 

the construction of a line of railroad over a part or whole of the route 
surveyed by the Northern Michigan Railroad Company and which 
should be extended to Calumet and Lake Linden, and which would be- 
come a valuable means of developing the mineral resources of the 
company's lands particularly and the resources of the copper country. 

"The plan was outlined to "W. A. Paine of Boston, J. H. Seager, 
vice-president, J. H. Rice, cashier, and R. R. Goodell, a director of the 
National Bank of Houghton ; also to S. L. Smith and Cameron Currie, 
of Detroit, all of whom were more or less interested in the above 
lands and who expressed their willingness to join the enterprise. Mr, 
Wright again proceeded to Boston and obtained from the directors of 
the canal company the passage of a resolution agreeing to grant to 
him and his associates a large amount of valuable mineral lands on 
completion of the railroad during the present year. The above named 
gentlemen immediately organized a syndicate, obtained from the canal 
company an executed agreement according to the above resolution, 
and the survey and location of a line from Houghton to a connection 
with the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway was completed last 
winter by these gentlemen, who also purchased the rights and charter 
of the Northern Michigan Railroad Company from its stockholders 
and subsequently, in March of this year, organized the Copper Range 
Company, which now owns and controls the lands mentioned above 
and has nearly completed its railroad forty miles from Houghton to 
Range Junction on the St. Paul road. 

"No worse year for the construction of a railroad in this district 
could have been selected. In addition to the labor troubles and breach 
of contract for materials and high prices which have been the common 
experience, the oldest inhabitant has not known such an amount of 
rain in the summer season as has fallen this year. Nevertheless, be- 
fore January 1, 1900, trains will be running the full length of the 
road." 

Mr. Wright acted as general manager of the Copper Range Railroad 
during the period of its construction from Houghton to its junction 
with the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad, building this forty 
miles of track under exceptional difficulties in a single short Lake Su- 
perior season, in order to obtain the valuable land grant depending 
upon the prompt construction of the road. 

After the completion of the Copper Range Railroad, he again di- 
rected his attention particularly to his banking interests, and in 1903 
organized and became president of the Superior Trust Company, with 
a capital of $150,000, this being the only trust company ever estab- 
lished in the Northern Peninsula of Michigan. In 1904, becoming 
impressed with the probable value of the undeveloped mineral lands 
of Keweenaw county, where the earliest copper mining had been un- 
dertaken by Michigan mining companies, and which at one time was 
the scene of their greatest activity, he obtained options on 40,000 acres 
of land in this county and caused them to be conveyed to the Blani- 
tou Mining Company, in which he retains a substantial interest. This 
company is under the control and management of the Calumet and 
Hecla Mining Company, and was organized under an agreement with 
Mr. Wright for the development of the lands under option to him. A 
few months laier he obtained control of another large body of land in 
Keweenaw county, adjoining the Manitou lands, and organized, in 
March, 1905, the Keweenaw Copper Company, with an authorized cap- 
ital of $10,000,000, and the Keweenaw Central Railroad Company, 
with an authorized capital of $1,000,000, becoming president of both 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 761 

companies. These companies are organized on the same plan as were 
the Copper Range companies, with much the same purpose in view of 
causing the development of unexplored mineral lands by the introdue- 
tion of the neeesary railroad transportation facilities, where hitherto 
there were none. The construction of the Keweenaw Central Bail- 
road from Calumet to Mandan and Lae La Belle was at once under- 
taken, and the road is now being operated between these points, having 
about forty miles of completed track, and will undoubtedly prove aa 
influential a factor in the development of the North Range in Kewee- 
naw county as the Copper Range Railroad was on the South Range 
in Houghton county. 

The Keweenaw Copper Company owns about 20,000 acres of min- 
era! lands, the entire capital stock of the Keweenaw Central Railroad 
Company, the controlling interests in the Washington Copper Mining 
Company and the Phoenix Consolidated Copper Company. As presi- 
dent of these companies much of Mr. Wright's time and attention is 
given to developments in Keweenaw county. The Superior Savings 
Bank was converted into The Superior National Bank in 1908, and 
together with The Superior Trust Company, under the same manage- 
ment, forms a strong financial combination, with aggregate capital, 
surplus and profits of $425,000. The directors are among the most 
prominent and representative men of the Copper Country. The bank 
directors are Charles A. Wright, president; Jacob Baer, vice-presi- 
dent; George Ruppe, of the old mercantile firm of P. Ruppe & Sons; 
Charles L. Lawton, general manager of the Quincy Mining Company ; 
Joseph Bosch, president of the Bosch Brewing Company; Gordon R. 
Campbell, secretary of the Calumet & Arizona Mining Company ; and 
Henry L. Baer, of the firm of Baer Brothers. The Trust Company 
directors consist of the foregoing and the following well known gen- 
tlemen : Charles Briggs, president of Merchants & Miners Bank of 
Calumet; James Chynoweth, of Calumet; John D. Cuddihy, president 
of First National Bank of Calumet; Lessing Karger, of S. Karger & 
Sons, Houghton ; Nonnan W. Haire, of Hancock ; Thomas Hoatson, 
president of the Calumet State Bank ; Swaby L. Lawton, attorney of 
Hancock ; Allen F. Rees, attorney of Houghton ; Louis H. Richardson, 
eierk of Houghton county, Hancock; Thomas Whittle, of Hancock; 
and Ferdinand Wieber, Houghton. 

Mr. Wright has been a close student of banking and financial prob- 
lems, and in 1904, realizing the inherent weakness of the American 
banking system, due to the inability of the large number of inde- 
pendent banks to adopt any practical form of co-operation for mutual 
protection, began the publication of a series of articles advocating the 
establishment of a Central Bank. The distinctive features of his 
plan as compared with various others which have since appeared, are 
as follows: Organization under the present national bank act: stock 
- to be owned exclusively by representative officers or directors of the 
incorporated banks of the country in proportion to the capital and sur- 
plus of their respective banks ; location to be in New York city, the 
financial center of America ; powers to be the same as those possessed 
by other national banks ; ultimately the issue of bank notes by all the 
associated banks on the successful Canadian system is proposed for a 
safe and elastic currency. The advantages claimed for this Central 
Bank plan are, simplicity, natural evolution of present banking system, 
freedom from control of politicians or special interests and no hurtful 
interference with existing banking and political institutions. 

Mr, Wright has always been an active and consistent Republican. 



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762 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

He was for ten years chairman of the Houghton County Republican 
Committee, and for four years a member of the Republican State Cen- 
tral Committee. In 1902 he was a candidate for the nomination of 
congressman on his party's ticket, receiving the unanimous support of 
his home county, the most populous of the district, and having the 
honor of naming his own delegates to the Congressional Convention, 
which after a contest lasting three days nominated Hon. H. Oliu 
Young, the present incumbent, Mr. Wright is a member of the Em- 
pire State Society of Sons of the American Revolution, and of the 
Lawyers' Club of New York City ; he is a member of the Miscowaubik 
Club of Calumet, the Houghton Club, the Portage Lake Golf Club, and 
the Onigaming Yacht Club of Houghton. He belongs to the Order of 
Elks, is a member of the Board of Education, and is a member of the 
First Congregational church of Hancock. He was married on Sep- 
tember 6, 1876, to Lillian Gregory Taylor, daughter of the late Rev. 
Barton S. Taylor of Albion, Michigan, by whom he has four children : 
Charles A. "Wright, Jr., Edith Emily "Wright (now Mrs. Paul D. Swift) , 
Rowland Gregory "Wright and Gerald Lockwood "Wright. 

Charles W. Mallocii, of Eseanaba, register of deeds for Delta 
county, was bom in Titusville, Pennsylvania, February 5, 1869, and 
was brought by his parents to Michigan the same year he was born. 
The family located at Lansing, where they resided several years, and 
in 1875 removed to Muskegon. Mr. Malloch received his education 
in the public schools of the latter place and taught three years. In, 
1890 he located in Delta county, where he was employed as lumber 
inspector, and has since been a resident of the county. 

He has always taken great interest in local affairs and polities 
and is a stanch Republican. He has held several public offices, and 
served as township treasurer and member of the school board of Ford 
River, Delta county ; in 1904 he was elected to his present olBce, which 
he is well fitted to hold. Mr. Malioeh has been a resident of the 
Northern Peninsula nearly twenty years, and has become well known ; 
he stands well in the community and has many friends. He is a 
member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, bein^' a Knight 
Templar and a Shriner. 

In 1896 Mr. Malloch married Hilda, daughter of Charles A. 
Dittrich, of Ford River, and they have three children, Ruth A., 
Wesley F. and Charles D. 

Joseph W. Corin. — Noteworthy among the esteemed and respected 
citizens of Iron Mountain is Joseph W. CorJn, who for the past six 
years has served as registrar of deeds for Dickinson county, filling the 
office satisfactorily and with credit. A native of England, he was 
bom, April 14, 1863, at Redruth, county Cornwall, which was his 
home for nine years. 

His father, Matthew Corin, was bom in Camborne, county Corn- 
wall, England, and was there reared and married. Brought up in 
the copper regions, he began work as a miner when young, and con- 
tinued thus employed until about 1865. Joining then the current of 
emigration turning towards America, he came to the United States 
in search of a favorable opportunity for making a good borne for his 
wife and children, whom he had left in the old country. After 
spending a short time in Connecticut he pushed onward to Tennessee, 
and having found steady employment in the mines at Ducktown was 
there joined, in 1872, by his family. Two years later he removed to 



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THE NORTIIEBN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 763 

Dodgeville, Wisconsin, and there worked in the lead mines four 
years. Coming to the Upper Peninsula in 1878, he was employed in 
the mines at Ishpeniing for three years, and from 1881 until 1888 
was engaged in mining pursuits at Norway, Dickinson county. He 
has since lived in Dodgeville, Wisconsin, making his home with a 
daughter, being retired from active labor. He is now a hale and 
hearty man of eighty-five years, bearing with ease and dignity the 
burden of age. He married Elizabeth Wilkinson, who was born in 
Carlisle, England, the daughter of an officer in the English Army. 
She died in 1889, leaving four children, as follows : Elizabeth, wife of 
Thomas Sims, of Dodgeville, Wisconsin; Joseph W., the subject of 
this brief sketch ; William J. ; and Mary, now deceased, who married 
John Sew all. 

Coming with his mother and the other children to the United 
States in 1872, Joseph W, Corin took wise advantage of every offered 
opportunity for adding to his stock of knowledge, attending school 
regularly and acquiring a practical bi:miness education. In 1881 he 
began working in the mines at Norway, Dickinson county, and was 
there employed in various capacities until 1888. The ensuing two 
and one-half years he was bookkeeper for O'Callaghan Brothers, after 
which he was for a time engaged in the lumber business. Subse- 
quently Mr. Corin was for nine years agent for the Aetna Life Insur- 
ance Company, with headquarters at Iron Mountain, where he has 
since resided. A uniform and stanch supporter of the principles of 
the Republican party, he served as township clerk while in Norway, 
and in 1904 was elected registrar of deeds for Dickinson county, and 
served so acceptably that he was honored with a re-election to this 
position in 1906 and again in 1908. 

Mr. Corin married in September, 1907, Elizabeth Resse, who was 
bom in New London, Wisconsin. Fraternally Mr. Corin is a member 
of Iron Mountain Lodge, B. P. O. E. 

Louis Arnold.— Coming to this country from a foreign land, poor in 
pocket but rich in courage, ambition and health, Louis Arnold took a 
wise advantage of every opportunity for improving his financial condi- 
tion, and by persevering industry, wise economy and good management 
has acquired a competency, and is now living retired from active busi- 
ness at his home in Iron Mountain. A self-made man, a brief record of 
his life may, perhaps, give to the young men of this day inspiration and 
encouragement, bearing evidence of the material success to be won by 
steady application and honest, upright dealings in business affairs. A 
Prussian by birth, he was bom, November 6, 1846, in the village of 
Laharigula, county of Weisaenfels, Prussia, which was the birthplace of 
his father, August Arnold, and the life-long home of his paternal grand- 
parents. 

Learning the trade of a carpenter when young, August Arnold la- 
bored with energy, and in addition to following his chosen trade was 
also engaged in farming and in mercantile pursuits, dealing in lumber, 
wood and oak bark, and likewise in fruit, buying fruit on the trees in 
large orchards, and shipping it. Inheriting the old home, he spent the 
entire sixty-one years of his life in the house in which he was horn. He 
married Christina Wayman, who was bom in the state of Aldenburg, 
Germany. She died at the age of fifty-eight years, in Weissenfels, on 
the home farm. One of her brothers emigrated to this country, enlisted 
as a soldier in the Civil war, and was serving in the army when last 
heard from. To her and her husband five children were horn and reared. 



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764 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

as follows : Louis, the subject of this sketch ; Gustav, who inherited the 
parental home and there spent his life; Emma, who married Albert 
Teuscher and now lives in Page county, Iowa ; Bertha, deceased ; and 
Agnes, living in Weissenfels, Prussia. 

Leaving school at the age of fifteen years, Louis Arnold served an 
apprenticeship of three years at the masons' trade, which he followed 
until attaining his majority. Emigrating then to the United States, he 
landed at Baltimore with the modest sum of twenty-five dollars as his 
sole assete. Going directly to Milwaukee county, Wisconsin, he worked 
at his trade for three years, and then went to Marysville, Missouri, 
where he remained a year and a half, subsequently following his trade 
for a year in Priderville, Page county, Iowa. Going back then to Wis- 
consin, Mr. Arnold was employed as a mason at Fredonia, Port Wash- 
ington, and other near-by places until 1879, when he came to Vulcan, 
then Menominee coimty, Michigan. The railroad then came to Quin- 
nesee only, and the present site of Iron Mountain was a dense wilder- 
ness. Entering the employ of the Menominee Mining Company, Mr. 
Arnold remained at Vulcan until 1882, when he located at Iron Moun- 
tain, entering the employ of the Chapin Mining Company, with which 
he was associated the ensuing nine years. In 1891, having by prudent 
economy and thrift saved his earnings, Mr. Arnold embarked in mer- 
cantile pursuits, beginning in a modest way, with a small .-stock of 
goods, As his trade increased he added to his stock, and as the 
years passed by he built up a lucrative and extensive business, deal- 
ing not only in groceries and meats, but in flour, feed and other com- 
modities, continuing successfully until 1907, when he was succeeded 
by his sons. 

On October 14, 1873, Mr. Arnold married Louisa Eoell, who was 
born February 27, 1856, in the same Prussian village that he was. 
Her father, John T. Roell, a native of the same place, came with his 
wife and three daughters to Wisconsin. Locating in Washington 
county, he purchased eighty acres of timbered land, and from the 
dense wilderness redeemed a farm and was there engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits until his death. He reared two sons and five daugh- 
ters. Mrs. Arnold passed to the life beyond August 20, 1908, leaving 
five children, namely : Robert, Otto, Bertha, Albert and Clarence. 
The youngest son, Clarence, will soon complete his studies in the 
Iron Mountain High School, and the other children are all in the 
store. Miss Bertha being the bookkeeper. 

Petek Sibenaler. — No foreign land has contributed to our great 
American republic an element of greater value than has the empire of 
Germany. With notable completeness and rapidity have the sturdy 
German citizens of America been assimilated into the body politic. 
By as much as they have cherished the best heritages they brought 
with them from their native land and have woven them into the fab- 
lic of their citizenship, by so much have they added fine and strong 
fiber to the American people. One of the most honored citizens given 
to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan by the German empire is Peter 
Sibenaler, who has been identified with the business activities of the 
city of Menominee for more than thirty years, within which it has been 
given him to win decisive success along normal and legitimate lines of 
enterprise and to gain to himself an inviolable hold upon popular con- 
fidence and esteem. His energy has been unflagging, his policies have 
been liberal and progressive, his integrity of purpose has been unas- 
sailable, and he has made of success not an accident but a logical re- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 765 

suit. Loyal to all the duties of citizenship, maintaining a broad sur- 
vey of matters of public polity, and ever standing ready to lend his 
influence and co-operation in the furtherance of measures and enter- 
prises tending to advance the general welfare of the community, 
there is all of reason for the popularity he enjoys in the city that has 
80 long represented his home and been the scene of his earnest endeavors, 
Mr, Sibenaler was bom in Luxemburg, Germany, on the 20th of 

September, 1853, and is a son of Henry and (Kirk) Sibenaler. 

His father was an honored and influential citizen of Luxemburg, where 
his vocation during the greater portion of his life was that of wine 
manufacturing. He served as a soldier in the German army for a 
number of years, and was burgomeister of the city of Greiveldingen 
for several terms. He and his wife passed their entire lives in their 
native land, and of their children seven are now living, — John, who 
still remains on the old homestead in Germany; Magdalena, who was 
the wife of John Kass, of Menominee, Michigan ; William, who served 
a due term in the army of Luxemburg and who is now a member of 
the faculty of a college in Metz, Germany ; Peter, who is the immediate 
subject of this review ; Nicholas, who is a resident of the city of Paris, 
France; and Katherine L, and Mary who still reside in Luxemburg. 
The honored father was born in the year 1813 and died in 1865, and the 
mother was bom in 1814 and died in 1867. Henry Sibenaler owned 
extensive vineyards in his native land and conducted a large business 
as a manufacturer of and dealer in wines. As already noted, he 
served as bui^omeister of the city of Greiveldingen and there he also 
held the position of superintendent of schools for about thirty years, 
Peter Sibernaler passed his boyhood and youth in his native city, to 
whose schools he is indebted for his early educational training. 
When but sixteen years of age he severed the gracious ties that bound 
him to home and fatherland and emigrated to America. He landed 
in New York city on the 3rd of June, 1871, and thence made his way 
to Chicago, where he remained about one week, upon the expiration 
of which he embarked upon a schooner and came by way of Lake 
Michigan to Menominee, this state, which city has continued to be his 
home during the greater portion of the long intervening years. His 
first occupation after his arrival in Menominee was that of assisting 
the loading with lumber of the schooner on which he had taken pas- 
sage, and during the winter of 1869 he was employed in a saw mill and 
lumber camp. In the spring of 1872 he went to Marysville, Mi^ouri, 
where he entered the employ of his maternal uncle, John Kirk, and 
worked at his trade of cabinet maker until the fall of 1873, He then 
returned to Menominee and secured employment with the Morrell 
Lumber Company, working in saw mills during the summer seasons 
and passing the winters in the lumber woods as a scaler, until 1879, 
when he associated himself with William Blom, and engaged in tha 
furniture business in Menominee. In 1884 he purchased his partner's 
interest and he has since been continuously engaged in this line of 
enterprise in this city, where he now has the only exclusive furniture 
house. In this connection he also conducts a well equipped undertak- 
ing establishment. He is the owner of a fine stone building utilized 
for the accommodation of his extensive business and this building was 
erected by the firm of which he was a member shortly before he be- 
came sole owner of the business. Mr. Sibernaler is a stockholder and 
director in the Lumbermen's National Bank and a stockholder in the 
First National Bank and in the Richardson Shoe Company, which rep- 
resents one of the leading indiistrial enterprises of Jlenominee. For 



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766 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

the past twenty years he has been vice-president of the Cream City 
Bedding Company, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

Concerning the business career of Mr. Sibenaler, the following 
appreciative statements were given in a local newspaper and are well 
worthy of reproduction in this sketch. 

"During all these years Mr. Sibenaler has carried on his business 
with the determination to satisfy every customer and the Sibernaler 
guarantee has never for one moment been questioned by anybody. 
The big double stores to-day contain a splendid line of all kinds of fur- 
niture, from the cheapest to the best, which finds a market in Menom- 
inee and Marinette and throughout a wide range of adjacent terri- 
tory. During these years Mr. Sibenaler has personally had charge of 
more than six thousand funerals. He has given to the difScult and 
delicate task of undertaker that conscientious effort which is so prom- 
inent a factor in his personal character. 

"Mr. Sibenaler was one of the original directors of the Lumber- 
men's National Bank, and to-day remains upon the hoard. He was in 
the city council for two years and for three years out of four years' 
service he was the president of the school board. For fifteen years 
Mr. Sibenaler was a cemetery trustee and has active charge of the 
cemetery improvements. During five years he was a member of the 
county board of supervisors and was chairman of a committee which 
improved and beautified the court-house grounds and built the sher- 
iff's present residence. No more important work was ever done by a 
board committee than that which made the county's property into a 
beautiful park. In 1906 Mr. Sibenaler resigned from the school board 
and refused to serve in any more official positions. He remarked to 
friends that he thought it was about time he attended to his own bus- 
iness. Probably no man in Menominee has a wider circle of friends 
than Peter Sibenaler and, certainly, no business man has a greater 
reputation for integrity and those qualities which go to make up the 
really successful career," 

In view of even the brief statements already entered in this arti- 
cle, there is no need to conjecture as to the sterling integrity, indefat- 
igable industry and worthy purposes that have characterized the ca- 
reer of this honored citizen of Menominee. He has been the architect 
of his own fortunes and has every reason to take pride in his achieve- 
ments as a progressive and reliable business man. He and his wife 
are communicants of the Catholic church, and he was also a member 
of the building committee that had charge of the erection of the pres- 
ent fine German church of this denomination in Menominee. He con- 
tributes liberally to all departments of church work and has served 
as treasurer of his parish. In a fraternal way he is identified with the 
Royal Arcanum. In politics Mr. Sibenaler exercises his franchise in 
support of men and measures rather than following strictly partisan 
dictates, and especially in local affairs has he maintained an inde- 
pendent attitude. Concerning him the following words have been ut- 
tered: "He has given his time and energies to public work with a 
self-sacrifice that commands the respect and gratitude of all. For two 
years he was one of the leading, and most influential members of the 
city council, of which he served at times as president pro tem. "While 
in the council he was untiring in his labors in behalf of city improve- 
ments and did a great work for the paving and sewerage systems. 
He was so constantly employed in this work that at length his health 
failed and he had to refuse re-election. lie belongs to that class of 
men who labor for the best interests of the community and willingly 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 767 

devote themselves, their time, means and energies to the furtherance 
of public progress." 

On the 10th of May, 1880, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Si- 
benaler to Mias Gertrude Jobielus, who was bom at Green Bay, "Wis- 
consin, on the 6th of February, 1860, and who is a daughter of Jacob 
and Marie (Locchman) Jobielus. Her father was a native of Prussia 
and was one of the early settlers of Green Bay, and her mother was 
a native of Holland. The parents continued their residence in Green 
Bay until their death. Of their six children, all daughters, five are 
now living. The father was a cooper by trade and was hut sixteen 
years of age when he came to America. Mr. and Mrs. Sibenaler be- 
came the parents of seven children, of whom five are now living, 
namely: Agnes, Emma, Edith, Marion and Lorinda, 

Captain John Tkevoebow.— Noteworthy among the men who are 
actively associated with the promotion of the mining interests of the 
Upper Peninsula is Captain John Trevorrow, of Mohawk, Keweenaw 
county, who twelve years ago assisted in sinking the shafts at the 
Mohawk Mine, and has been captain of the mine ever since. A son 
of Richard Trevorrow, he was bom, December 10, 1843, in the parish 
of Saint Ives, County Cornwall, England, a region rich in its mineral 
deposits. 

Richard Trevorrow was bom, lived and died in county Cornwall, 
England, during his active life being employed in mining. lie mar- 
ried Elizabeth Trevorrow, who, though she bore the same surname, 
was not a kinswoman, and she, too, spent her entire life in county 
Cornwall. They reared six children, Thomas, Richard, James, Eliz- 
abeth, John and Henry. James, John and Henry crossed the ocean 
to America, becoming permanent residents of this country; Richard 
and Elizabeth located in Australia; and Thomas settled in Scotland. 

At the age of eleven years John Trevorrow began working in the 
mines of his native county, and continued there about nine years. 
Emigrating to the United States in 1864, he sought the mining fields 
of Michigan, locating in Keweenaw county. The greater part of the 
Upper Peninsula was then in its primitive condition, being an almost 
pathless wilderness, explorations having just commenced at Calumet. 
Securing work at the Keweenaw Mine, he toiled for a year with ham- 
mer, drill, pick and shovel at the Central Mine, afterwards being em- 
ployed in different locations until 1874, Returning in that year to 
the Central Mine, he was rapidly promoted through the different 
grades of official positions until made captain, continuing there for 
nearly a quarter of a century. In November, 1898, Mr. Trevorrow 
accepted his present position as captain at the Mohawk Mine, and 
has since performed the duties devolving upon him in this capacity 
with satisfaction to all concerned, using rare good judgment in his 
work and excellent taet in supervising his men. 

Mr. Trevorrow married Jane Trevorrow, who was born in Saint 
Ives parish, county Cornwall, England, where her parents, Christo- 
pher and Elizabeth Jane Trevorrow, were life-long residents. Mr. 
and Mrs. Trevorrow have reared seven children, namely: John, Eliz- 
abeth J., Martha, Christopher, Johanna, Richard and David. John 
married Nellie Holman, and they have three children, Helen, Gretchen 
Mohawk (the first wliite child bom in Mohawk) ; and John. Eliz- 
abeth J., wife of Frank Williams, has two children, Francis Harold 
and Raymond Elyot. Martha, wife of William Bowden, has two 
daughters, Sarah and Ethel. Christopher married Annie Johnson, 



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768 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Johanna, wife of Samuel Bowden, has one child, Elizabeth. Richard 
married Eva Joustraw, and they have two children, Arbutus and 
Richard. Mr. and Mrs. Trevorrow were both reared in the faith of 
the Methodist church. Politically Mr. Trevorrow is a Republican, 
and fraternally he is a member of Keweenaw Lodge, No. 242, F. & 
A. M. 

Charles Meeskb. — He whose name iuitiates this sketch is numbered 
among the prominent and influential business men and public spirited 
citizens of the Upper Peninsula, and is especially entitled to representa- 
tion in this history. He is president of the Upper Peninsula Brewing 
Company, of Marquette, and has other capitalistic interests of important 
order. He has attained success through his own well directed efforts 
and welt merits the proud American title of self-made man. 

Charles Meeshe was bom in Swinemiinde, Pomerania, Prussia, on the 
6th of December, 1850, and is a son of Gustave and "Wilhelmina (MoUen- 
hauer) Meeske, who passed their entire lives in Prussia, where the father 
was the owner of a large brewery and hotel and where he was a promi- 
nent and influential citizen. Of the six children three are residents of 
America, and the subject of this sketch is the youngest child. Mr. Meeske 
was afforded the advantages of the excellent schools of his native land 
and there he learned the trades of miller and brewer. He served in the 
German army from 1868 to 1871, in which latter year he emigrated to 
America. He first located in the city of Oshkosh, Wisconsin, where he 
served as foreman in a brewery until 1873, when he engaged in the 
brewing business in the city of Milwaukee on his own responsibility. 
There he remained until the autumn of 1878, when he came to Marquette 
and entered into partnership with Reiner Hoch, under the lirm name 
of Meeske & Hoeh. For three years they operated, under lease, the 
brewery owned by Peter White, and at the expiration of that period they 
purchased the property. In 1890 Mr. Meeske organized the Upper Penin- 
sula Brewing Company, of which he served for some time as secretary 
and of which he has been president and treasurer since December 8, 
1896. The plant of the company is thoroughly modem in its equipment 
and facilities and the product thereof is of the best type, so that a large 
trade is controlled throughout the territory normally tributary to Mar- 
quette. The brewery has a capacity for the output of thirty-five thousand 
barrels annually. The company idso have a well equipped brewery in 
the city of Negaunee. Mr. Meeske is also president of the Valley Milling 
Company, which owns and operates a flourishing mill, this plant having 
the latest improved machinery and being successfully operated. Mr. 
Meeske is a stockholder in the Ishpeming Street-Railway Company, is a 
director in the Marquette Savings Bank and has other capitalistic inter- 
ests of important order. In polities he maintains an independent atti- 
tude and he has ever sho^vn a loyal interest in all that touches the general 
welfare of the community, giving his support to measures and enter- 
prises that have tended to advance the social and material interests of 
his home city. He is affiliated with the Benevolent & Protective Order 
of Etka and is identified with various social organizations of representa- 
tive order. 

In 1876 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Meeske to Miss Amelia 
Heineman, who was born in the city of Milwaxikee, "Wisconsin, and they 
have three children, — Charles, Ella and Flora. 

John O'Meara, a successful banker of Escanaba, was born in Water- 
town, Wisconsin, June 19, 1858. His father, Michael O'Meara, was 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 769 

bom in Ireland, where he was reared. Before coming to America he 
married Margaret Coonan, also a native of Ireland, and about 1848 
they came to the United States, locating first at Cleveland, Ohio. 
Later they removed to "Watertown, "Wisconsin, where they died, Mi- 
chael O'Meara at the age of eighty-five, and his wife at the age of 
seventy. They had three sons and one daughter, all living at this 
writing, John being the second son and third child. 

John O'Meara received his education in Watertown, "Wisconsin, 
where he lived until about nineteen years of age, and then went to 
Chicago, where he spent seven years. In 1880 Mr. O'Meara located 
in Eseanaba, where for three years he was clerk in John Goran's 
grocery store. There he formed a partnership with Mr. Goran and 
they continued business about three years, when Mr. O'Meara bought 
his partner's interest and continued in the business about four years 
independently. He then sold out and engaged in his present line. 
He is now the oldest banker in business in Eseanaba, in point of years 
so occupied, and is widely respected and esteemed. He carries on his 
business in a conservative, able manner, and has won a reputation for 
business probity and fair dealing. 

Mr. O'Meara has taken an active interest in public affairs and 
served two years as city treasurer; he is now a member of the school 
board, and is serving his second term of three years. He has identi- 
fied himself with the interests of the Northern Peninsula, and is one 
of the representative business men of Delta county. He is a mem- 
ber of several societies, namely: Knights of Columbus; Ancient 
Order of Hibernians; Catholic Order of Foresters; Yeomen, and is a 
charter member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
Lodge No. 354, of Eseanaba. 

Mr. O'Meara was married, in Chicago, in 1886, to Belinda Tuohy, 
a native of Chicago, where she was reared. Their children are : James 
L., Edith, Charlotte, Harold and Pierce, all born in Eseanaba. James 
L. is attending college at Ann Arbor; Edith is a teacher in the public 
schools here, and Charlotte is to teach here also. 

Fbedebick a. Bbuce. — A native son of the great empire of Germany, 
this successful and sterling business man of Menominee well exempli- 
fies the admirable attributes of character that have ever denoted the 
race from which he has sprung, and he has achieved a position of 
security in the confidence and esteem of the community in which he 
now resides, as is shown by the fact' that he has served as a member 
of the city board of supervisors and as a member of the board of 
alderman. 

Mr. Bruce was born in Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany, on the 
24th of September, 1866, and that section was likewise the birth-place 
of his parents, John and Sophia (Harter) Bruce, the latter of whom 
died in Germany and the former of whom died at Laney, Shawano 
county, Wisconsin, when fifty-five years of age. Of the seven chil- 
dren of this union, all of whom are now living, the subject of this 
sketch was the fourth in order of birth. The father emigrated to 
America in 1881, in the autiimn of which year he established his resi- 
dence in Shawano county, Wisconsin, where he continued to be iden- 
tified with agricultural pursuits until the time of his death, and 
where he was known as an honest and upright citizen and as one 
thoroughly loyal to the cause of the Republican party, after becom- 
ing a naturalized citizen, and his religious faith was that of the 
German Luthern church, of which his wife was also a devoted 
member. 



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770 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Frederick A, Bruee, whose name initiates this sketch, gained his 
early educational discipline in the excellent schools ol his native 
land and was sixteen years of age at the time of the family emigra- 
tion to America. In Shawano county, Wisconsin, he attended the 
district schools and later he completed a course in the Menominee 
Commercial College- From 1883 to 1890 he was employed as clerk 
in a general store in Menominee, and in the latter year he returned 
to Laney, Shawano county, Wis., where he became associated with his 
father in the conducting of a general merchandise store. His father 
died about two years later, in 1892, and he then closed out the busi- 
ness and returned to Menominee, Michigan. Here, in August, 1893, 
he purchased the grocery business of Joseph EVhrenbaeh and he has 
since conducted the enterprise with marked success. His well 
equipped establishment is located at 520 Somerville avenue, and the 
same has a large and representative supporting patronage. 

In politics Mr. Bruce is a stanch supporter of the cause of the 
Republican party, and he has been an active worker in its ranks. In 
the spring of 1895 he was elected city supervisor from the Third 
ward, and in this position he served four terms by successive re-elec- 
tion. In 1900 he was elected to represent the same ward in the city 
council for a term of two years, and at the expiration of the same, in 
1902, he was again elected supervisor from his ward, of which posi- 
tion he continued incumbent until 1903. On the 1st of June, 1909, 
Mr. Bruce was appointed by Governor Frederick M. Warner county 
agent of corrections and charities for Menominee county, and he still 
holds this position. He is affiliated with Menominee Lodge, No. 133, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in which he has passed the 
various official chairs, including that of nobJe grand. He is a mem- 
ber of the German Lutheran church and his wife is a member of the 
Presbyterian church. 

On the 1st of April, 1891, Mr. Bruce was united in marriage with 
Miss Cora James, who was born in Pittsfield, Wisconsin, and who is 
a daughter of Ick and Alice James, the former of whom was bom in 
the state of New York and the latter in Massachusetts. Mr. and 
Mrs. James still reside in Pittsfield, Wisconsin, and of their five chil- 
dren four are now living. Mr. James was sixteen years of age when 
his parents moved to Wisconsin, and he is one of the representative 
farmers of Braun county, that state. He is a Republican in politics, 
and has held various township offices, and both he and his wife are 
members of the Methodist Bpiscepal church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bruce have three children, — Ruth, Myrtle and 
Robert, all at home and attending school. 

William B. Gregory. — He whose name initiates this review is now 
conducting a well equipped job-printing establishment in Menominee, 
and he was for many years identified with the newspaper business in 
this city and its twin city, Marinette, Wisconsin, located on the opposite 
side of the Menominee river. He has made his' own way in the world, 
and his is an unblemished reputation both as a citizen and as a business 
man, so that he well merits the high regard in which he is held by those 
who know him. 

Mr. Gregory is a native son of Michigan and a scion of one of its 
honored pioneer families. He bears the full patronymic of his paternal 
grandfather, who was the founder of the family in the United States, as 
will be more specifically noted at a later point in this context. Mr. 
Gregory was born in the city of Muskegon, Michigan, on the 18th of 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 771 

July, 1870, and is a son of John B. and Nancy (Joslin) Gregory, the 
former of whom was born in Albany, New York, in 1850, and the latter 
of whom was born in Muskegon, Michigan, on the 12th of September, 
1854, a member of one of the pioneer families of that section of the state. 
The subject of this review was the only child born to his parents, and 
after the death of his father, in 1886, in Menominee, the mother became 
the wife of Prank King. Mr. and Mrs. King still reside in this city, 
where the former is engaged as foreman for the J. W. Wells Lumber 
Company. William B. Gregory, grandfather of him whose name intro- 
duces this sketch, was a native of Yorkshire, England, as was also his 
wife, and in England were also bom their four children,— three sons and 
one daughter. The family moved to America in an early day, and the 
grandparents passed the closing years of their lives in the Lower Penin- 
sula of Michigan. William B. Gregory, the grandfather, was a saw- 
maker by trade and followed his trade for a number of years in Albany, 
New York, whence he finally removed to Muskegon, Michigan, where he 
engaged in the manufacturing of saws and other mechanical appliances 
and where he continued to reside until his death, having been one of the 
pioneer business men of that city. He was reared in the faith of the 
Church of England, and the family in America have been identified 
principally with the Protestant Episcopal church, representing the same 
faith and denomination. 

John B. Gregory gained his educational training in the schools of 
Albany, New York, and Muskegon, Michigan, in which latter place he 
learned the sawmaker's trade in his father's establishment. Later he 
became a steamboat pilot and captain, and for a number of years he was 
identified with navigation interests on the Great Lakes during the sum- 
mer seasons, while in the winters he devoted his attention to the manu- 
facturing of saws. In 1884 he established his home in Menominee, where 
he was employed for a time in a machine shop, after which he opened a 
shop of his own and engaged in the work of repairing saws and other 
machinery and tools. He lost his life as the result of an accident, having 
been caught in the machinery of his shop while engaged in adjusting a 
belt upon a ptilley. He was a Republican in his political allegiance and 
was a prominent member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in 
which he had served as noble grand of his lodge in Whitehall, Michigan. 
He was a communicant of the Protestant Episcopal church, and his 
widow, now Mrs, King, is likewise a zealous communicant of this church. 

William B. Gregory, the immediate subject of this review, gained 
his early educational discipline in the public schools of Muskegon and 
Whitehall, Michigan, and was fourteen years of age at the time of the 
family removal to Menominee, where he continued to attend school for a 
short period. He was but sixteen years of age at the time of his father's 
death, and has depended largely upon his own resources from his boy- 
hood days. When he was fourteen years old Mr. Gregory found em- 
ployment in the ofBce of the old Menominee Herald, and there gained 
his initial experience in the "art preservative of all arts." It has been 
said that the discipline of a newspaper office is tantamount to a liberal 
education, and the significance of this statement is not lacking in the 
ease of Mr. Gregory. He remained with the Herald about six months, 
in the dignified office of "printer's devil," and for the ensuing year he 
worked at such employment as could be found. He then resumed his 
association with the printing business by securing a position in the ofiice 
of the Menominee Democrat, a weekly paper which was later expanded 
into the Evening Leader, a daily, and which finally was consolidated 
with the Menominee Herald. Under the changes noted Mr. Gregory 



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772 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

continued to be employed as a compositor and foreman until 1896, and 
for the following year he was in the employ of Chas. M. Fairehild, pub- 
lisher of the North Star at Marinette, Wisconsin. He assisted in the 
transforming of this paper from a weekly to a daily edition. In 1897 
he engaged with the Tmn City Lumberman, a weekly paper, published 
in Marinette, and finally he purchased a half interest in the business 
^od plant. In 1898, having gained control of the plant, he removed 
the same to Menominee, where he utilized the equipment in the establish- 
ing of a job-printing business, which he has since continued with marked 
success. He has kept his office up to a high standard in mechanical facil- 
ities and modern methods, and the same has a reputation for the best 
class of work, so that he controls a trade of representative order. 

In polities Mr. Gregory maintains an independent attitude and gives 
his support to the men and measures meeting the approval of his judg- 
ment. He is held in high esteem in business and social circles in Menom- 
inee and is essentially loyal and progressive in connection with civic 
affairs. He is affiliated with Menominee Lodge, No. 269, Free & Ac- 
cepted Masons; Menominee Chapter, No. 107, Royal Arch Masons; 
Menominee Commandery, No. 35, Knights Templars; and Menominee 
Chapter, No. 281, Order of the Eastern Star, of which Mrs. Gregory also 
is a member. He also belongs to several fraternal insurance societies, and 
both he and his wife are communicants of Grace church, Protestant 
Episcopal. 

On the 14th of May, 1892, Mr. Gregory was united in marriage to 
Miss Mary E. Waiteman, who was born at Montague, Muskegon county, 
Michigan, and who is a daughter of Charles and Phoebe (Esterling) 
Waiteman, the former of whom is deceased and the latter of whom still 
resides in Montague. Mr. Waiteman was bom in England and after 
taking up his residence in Michigan he became a vessel captain and 
owner, in which connection he sailed the Great Lakes for a number of 
years. He served with distinction as a soldier in a Michigan regiment in 
the Civil war, and he endured to the full the dangers and hardships of 
the great conflict between the north and south. He was captured by the 
enemy and was confined in turn in the two notorious Confederate pris- 
ons, Libby and Andersonville, for nine months, from the latter of which 
he and other prisoners escaped through a tunnel they dug with their 
hands. Captain Waiteman was a Republican in politics and was a mem- 
ber of the Grand Army of the Republic and the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. He is survived by three daughters. Mr. and Mrs. Gregory 
have two children, — J. Milton and P. Bemice. 

Stephen J. James.— Familiar with mining from his youth up, 
Stephen J. James has worked in various positions, for the past twelve 
years having been engineer at the Chapin mine, an office for which 
he is eminently fitted, not only by reason of his meehaniea! ability 
and skill, but on account of his keen observation, and his close appli- 
cation to his manifold duties. A son of Richard W. James, he was 
bom, September 15, 1874, at Central Mines, Keweenaw county, Mich- 
igan, of pure English ancestry. , , 

Henry James, his grandfather, a son of Richard and Margaret 
James, life-long residents of County Cornwall, England, was born in 
the parish of Ludgvan, where, when shoes were manufactured en- 
tirely by hand, he served an apprenticeship of seven years at the 
shoemaker's trade. After following his trade a short time, he em- 
barked in mining, and continued in that work in Cornwall county 
the remainder of his life, spending his last years in the parish of 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 773 

Camboriio. His wife, whose maiden name was Tryphena "Williams, 
was born iu the same parish. After his death she came to this eoua- 
try, and died, at the age of sixty years, in Iron Mountain, Michigan. 
Slie reared two children, Richard "W., and Henry, who was accidentally 
killed when but sixteen years old. 

Born September 24, 1848, in the parish of Ludgvan, County 
Cornwall, England, Richard W. James began working in the mines 
when twelve years old, continuing in his native parish until nearly 
eighteen years of age, when he located in Camborne, where he con- 
tinued to work as a miner imtil 1871. Coming then to Michigan, he 
was for awhile employed in the Calumet Mine, and then went to the 
Central Mine, in Keweenaw county, where he remained eight years. 
In 1881 he settled in Norway, from there coming, in 1882, to Iron 
Mountain. He subsequently found employment at the Chapin mine, 
at which he worked until 1891, when he entered the government ser- 
vice, and has since been employed as mail carrier in the city of Iron 
Mountain. He married, in 1868, Elizabeth Ann Rule, who was bom 
in Camborne, England, a daughter of Stephen Rule. She died in 
1884, leaving four children, Richard H. ; Stephen J., the subject of 
this sketch ; William ; and Tryphena. He married for his second wife 
Mary A. Beckerleg, who was bom in Camborne, England, a daughter 
of William and Susan Beckerleg, and to them three children have 
been born, Clifford, Lillie, and Susan M. Mr. R. W. James is a sound 
Republican in polities, and fraternally is a member of Iron Mountain 
Lodge, No. 388, F. & A. M. ; and of Crescent Lodge, No. 374, 1. 0. O. F. 
Both he and his wife are members of the Central Methodist Episcopal 
Church. 

Having received a practical education in the public schools of 
Norway and Iron Mountain, Stephen J, James began working in the 
Chapin mine at the age of thirteen years, for two years operating a 
small hoisting engine. He was subsequently made assistant to the 
chief engineer, Mr. McNaughton, and continued with him and his 
successor until 1898, when he was promoted to his present responsible 
position as chief engineer at this mine. 

Mr. James married, in 1896, Clara Bennett, who was bom at Red- 
ruth, County Cornwall, England, a daughter of William H, Bennett. 
Her grandfather, William Bennett, was born in the parish of St. 
Irving, Cornwall county, where he spent his early life. He was en- 
gaged in farming in various places, including St. Irving, Wade 
Bridge, St. Austell, and at Redruth, where both he and his wife spent 
their last years. Her maiden name was Susan Strongman, and to 
them four children were bom, as follows; James, William H., Mary 
Jane, and Joseph. Completing his early studies in the schools of 
Redruth, William H. Bennett assisted his father in the care of the 
home farm for several years, after which, with his brother, he worked 
in the mines for a time. Subsequently serving an apprenticeship at 
the carpenter's trade, he followed it in Cornwall until 1878, when he 
came to the United States, locating in White Pine county, Nevada, 
where he was engaged in silver mining for three years. In 1881 he 
went back to England, and on his return trip, in 1882, brought his 
family to this country, and settled at Iron Mountain, Michigan. On 
May 22, 1882, he began work with the Chapin Mining Company as a 
journeyman carpenter. In 1894, when the mine closed, he went to 
South Africa, and for nearly a year was foreman in the carpenter's 
shop at the Geldenlmis Deep Mine, in Johannesburg. Having then 
a severe attack of homesickness, he returned to Iron Mountain, re- 



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774 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

sumed work at the Chapin mine, and two years later was made fore- 
man ol the carpentering department. 

William H. Bennett married, September 25, 1868, Maria Hawken, 
who was born at St. Columb, County Cornwall, England, a daughter 
of John and Jane Hawken, and to them nine children have been bom, 
as foUows; Annie, Edith, Clara, now Mrs. James; William J., Hen- 
rietta, Hollie, Wilfred II., Eva E., and Frank. Mr. and Mrs. Bennett 
are worthy members of the Methodist Episcopal church. Politically 
Mr. Bennett is a Republican, and fraternally he belongs to Iron Moun- 
tain Lodge, No. 388, A. F. & A. M. Five children have blessed the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. James, namely : Henrietta M., Helen L., Wil- 
liam C, Donald, and Richard W. Mr. James is a stanch supporter 
of the principles of the Republican party, and fraternally is a mem- 
ber of Iron Mountain Lodge, No. 388, A. F. & A. M. Both Mr, and 
Mrs. James attend the Central Methodist Episcopal church. 

Edward C. Fenwick. — A gentleman in the prime of life, active, en- 
ergetic, v/ith a clear head for business, Edward C. Fenwick, is one of 
the leading agriculturists of Sault township, and for many years has 
been a potent factor in developing the material interests of this sec- 
tion of Chippewa county. He was born, August 9, 1854, in Blooming- 
ton, Illinois, a son of George Fenwick, 

George Fenwick, the descendant of a Highland Scotch family, was 
bom in England, and there reared and educated. In early manhood 
he emigrated to the United States, and for awhile was engaged in con- 
tracting and building in Bloomington, Illinois. Removing from there 
to Bruce county, Ontario, he continued his chosen occupation iu that 
locality for many years, but is now living in Northwest Ontario. He 
married Hannah Thompson, who was bom in England and died in 
Northwestern Ontario, in 1897, aged seventy-three years. They be- 
came the parents of ten children, eight of whom are living, Edward C. 
being the fourth child in order of birth. 

But two years old when the family moved to Bruce county, On- 
tario, Edward C. Fenwick was there brought up and educated. Work- 
ing with his father, who was there employed as a contractor and 
builder during his earlier life, he became familiar with the use of tools, 
and subsequently learned the trade of a stone mason and a plasterer. 
In search of "pastures fresh and new," he came, in 1873, to Sault 
Sainte Marie, Michigan, and was soon employed as a lumberman in 
the Chippewa county woods. Mr. Fenwick succeeded well in his un- 
dertakings, and soon took contracts to get out logs from the woods 
in Chippewa county, Michigan, and he was also at Cascade Mine, On- 
tario, several years, engaged in running an engine and air-compressor. 
Embarking in agricultural pursuits in 1886, Mr. Fenwick bought land 
in Sault township, and as a farmer and stock-raiser has met with 
characteristic success. In his homestead he has one hundred and 
sixty acres of good land, eighty acres of which are cleared and well 
improved, and in addition owns one hundred and sixty acres of val- 
uable timber land in Sugar Island township, Chippewa county. Mr, 
Fenwick is a lover of good stock of all kinds, especially horses, and 
breeds Durham cattle of a fine grade. 

Mr. Fenwick married, May 11, 1886, EJenora Sykes, who was horn 
in New York state, a daughter of Walter W. and Mrs. Mary A. Sykes. 

Mr. and Mrs. Fenwick are the parents of four children, namely: 
Ethel May, attending the Michigan State Normal School at Marquette; 
Richard V.; George E. ; and Olivia. Politiciilly a straightforward 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 775 

Republican Mr. Fenwick has held numeroiis township offices, and is 
now serving as a justice of the peace and as a member of the local 
school board. Fraternally he is a member of Bethel Lodge, No. 358, 
A. F. & A. M. 

Rev. Julius Henze, pastor of St. Josepb Church and Parish, Bs- 
canaba, was bom in Detroit, Michigan, August 27, 1874. He began 
his education in his native city, where his boyhood days were spent. 
In 1890 he graduated from St. Francis College, of Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Later he took theological courses at Louisville, Kentucky, and Old- 
enburg, Indiana, and in 1900 was ordained. His first charge was at 
Washburn, Illinois, and at Washington. He then had chaise of a par- 
ish in Calumet, Michigan for five years. Since 1906 Father Henze 
has been located in Escauaba, where he has a congregation of some 
three hundred families. The church has in connection a high school, 
as well as elementary schools, and eleven teachers are employed. 
The schools have about four hundred pupils, and the work is carried 
on in an able and efficient manner. 

Rev. Father Henze has the affection and esteem of his people and 
is well liked and respected wherever known. He is a man of unusual 
gifts and many fine qualities of character, whose good works and high 
ideals are widely appreciated. There are many prominent and influ- 
ential members in the congregation, and the affairs of the parish are 
in a flourishing condition. 

Hon. Alonzo Russell Northrup.— Among the live, wide-awake, 
prosperous business men of the Northern Peninsula is Hon, Alonzo R. 
Northrup, who has been a resident of Escauaba for fully thirty years, 
and is widely and favorably known as an insurance man, a real estate 
dealer, and a successful attorney-at-law. He was born, in Washing- 
ton county. New York, a son of the late William R. Northrup. 

William R. Northrup, a native of Jefferson county. New York, spent 
his early life in the Empire State. Subsequently following the tide 
of emigration to Wisconsin, he resided in that state a number of years, 
living in different parts. Coming to the Upper Peninsula in 1880, he 
located in Escauaba, Delta county, and was here actively engaged in 
the insurance business until his death, which occurred when he was 
eighty-five years of age, on January 4, 1909. A man of great intelli- 
gence and ability, he was for many years one of the influential citi- 
zens of this section of Michigan, and founder of the Northrup & 
Northrup Insurance Agency with which his son and grandson are now 
identified. He served for several terms as justice of the peace, and was 
active in public life. He married Mary Warren, who was born in 
Washington county, New York, and who died, at the age of forty-six 
years, in Wisconsin. They reared one son and three daughters. 

But an infant when his parents moved to Wisconsin, Alonzo R. 
Northrup lived for a year in the vicinity of Milwaukee, after which 
he spent four years in Pond du Lac county, Wisconsin, going from 
there with his parents to Sheboygan county, where he grew to man- 
hood on a farm. Coming with his wife to Escanaha, Michigan, he con- 
tinued the study of law, which, while he was a superintendent of the 
public schools of Escauaba, he pursued for three years, and in 1883 
he was admitted to the Michigan bar. For several years after his 
admission to the courts, Mr. Northrup practiced law in Escanaba, be- 
ing very successful in his professional work, at the same time being 
interested in the insurance business -with his father. In 1897 the lat- 



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776 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

ter business assumed such magnitude that Mr. Northrup gave up the 
law, practically, and has since devoted his entire attention to general 
insurance, being one of the most extensive underwriters of fire, acci- 
dent and life insurance in the Northern Peninsula. 

Mr. Northrup married, in 1879, Ella G. Smith, daughter of Josiah 
Smith, of Juneau, "Wisconsin, and they have four children, namely: 
William R,, engaged in the insurance business with Mr. Northrup ; 
Warren S., in his father's office; Eleanor; and Louisa. Mr. Northrup 
is one of the leading members of the Republican party, and for four 
years, from 1889 until 1891, represented his district, which included 
Delta and Iron counties, in the State Legislature. He was a member 
of the Escanaba school board for several years, and for two terms 
served as city attorney. Fraternally Mr. Northrup is a member of 
Lodge No. 354, B. P. O. E. 

Andrew Bjokkm an .—Occupying a foremost position among the 
worthy and esteemed business men of Iron Mountain is Andrew Bjork- 
man, one of the earlier settlers of this part of the tipper Peninsula, 
widely known as an extensive and wealthy lumber dealer. He was 
bom August 7, 1859, at Forlanda, Hallands, Sweden, where his parents 
were life-long residents. They reared four children, namely : August, de- 
ceased, served as a soldier in the Swedish Army ; Martin ; Annie ; and 
Andrew. The three children now living are residents of the United 
States. 

Brought up in his native land, Andrew Bjorkman acquired a prac- 
tical education when young, and at the age of twenty years sailed 
for America, disembarking at Prince Arthur's Landing, Canada, 
■where he was engaged in railroad eonstmction for a short time. 
Coming from there to Marquette, Michigan, he took a contract to 
build a mile of the Detroit and Mackinac railway, and at its comple- 
tion went to Florence, Wisconsin, where he was employed as a mining 
contractor until 1883. Locating in that year at Iron Mountain, Mr, 
Bjorkman was engaged in mining at the Chapin Mine for eight years, 
and since that time has been extensively engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness in the Upper Peninsula, his operations in Michigan having been 
in Ontonagon, Gogebic, Iron, Dickinson and Menominee counties, and 
in Wisconsin in Marinette and Florence counties, his work at the pres- 
ent time being principally in the latter county. As a lumber dealer 
he is meeting with satisfactory results, year by year adding to his 
wealth, and as a man of integrity and honor is held in high regard as 
a valuable member of the community. He is a director of the First 
National Bank of Iron Mountain, and is a member of the Board of 
Public Works, which he has served as president. 

Mr. Bjorkman married, in 1882, Johanna Nelson, who was bom at 
Wiby, Orebro, Sweden, and is the only member of her family to come 
to this country. Seven children have been bom to Mr. and Mrs. 
Bjorkman, namely: Albin, Prank, Thera, Gust, Selma, Elsie and 
David. Politically Mr. Bjorkman is a straightforward Republican, 
and religiously is both a member and a trustee of the Swedish Mission 
church, to which Mrs. Bjorkman also belongs, and is one of the trus- 
tees of the United Presbyterian Mission Society. 

Ransom L. Hammond.— Possessing a wide knowledge of the law, 
keenness of comprehension, and a power of grasping the essentials of 
a subject, Ransom L. Hammond, of Iron Mountain, has established 
and is maintaining an honored position among Ihe better known attor- 



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THE NOETHEBN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 777 

neys-at-law of Dickinson county. A son of Albert E. Hammond, he was 
bom, December 11, 1860, at Marinette, Marinette county, Wisconsin, 
and was named for his grandfather. Ransom L. Hammond, Sr. 

Born and reared in New York state. Ransom L. Hammond, Sr., 
learned the trade of a carpenter when young, and became successful 
as a contractor and builder. Moving with hia family to the territory 
of "Wisconsin about 1840, he was one of the pioneer settlers of Osh- 
kosh. Going from there to De Pere, a town on the frontier, he resided 
there until his death, in 1848. 

Albert R. Hammond was born in the state of New York and he 
spent his boyhood days in the Empire state. Following in the foot- 
steps of his father, he made good use of his mechanical talents, and in 
due course of time began life as a contractor and builder. Soon after 
his marriage he settled in Marinette, Wisconsin, being a pioneer of 
the place. There were no railways in that locality when he went 
there, all transportation being by way of the lakes or by team. As 
one of the first to perceive the value of the timber to be found so plen- 
tifully in the Upper Peninsula, he embarked in the timber trade, and 
took contracts to operate saw miUs in Menominee and Ontonagon 
counties, Michigan, and in the northeastern part of Wisconsin, his 
home being a part of the time in Menominee, Michigan. From there 
he moved to De Pere, Brown county, Wisconsin, where he resided with 
his family for a number of years. At the present time he and his 
wife are living at Lander, Wyoming, with a son. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Mary Dwyer, was born in Pennsylvania, a daughter 
of John and Mary Dwyer, who settled as pioneers in Holland township. 
Brown county, Wisconsin, and there improved a farm, on which they 
spent their last days, Mr. Dwyer living to the remarkable age of nine- 
ty-nine years, and Mrs. Dwyer attaining the age of ninety-eight years. 
Five children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Albert R. Hammond, as fol- 
lows: Albert A., Ransom L., Frank L., Fred D. and Nellie. 

With a mind receptive toward the educational opportunities that 
came to him in his younger days, Ransom L. Hammond acquired a 
practical education, and in his early manhood began his professional 
career as a teacher in the country schools near Port Howard, Wiscon- 
sin. Subsequently beginning the study of law with George F. Merrill, 
at De Pere, he found it congenial to his tastes, and subsequently con- 
tinued the study in the law department of the University of Wisconsin, 
at Madison. In 1881 Mr. Hammond located at Iron Mountain, and 
having been admitted to the bar in 1883 has since continued in the ac- 
tive practice of his profession in this city, being now one of its most 
successful attorneys. 

Mr. Hammond married, in 1889, Minnie L. Williams, who was born 
in Meadville, Pennsylvania, a daughter of David and Ann Williams. 
Three sons have been bom to Mr. and Mrs. Hammond, namely : Bl- 
dredge, and David and Kenneth, twins. Politically Mr. Hammond is 
identified with the Republican party, and made his advent in political 
life in 1882, when he was elected a justice of the peace, an office which 
he held for four years. He has since served three years as city at- 
torney, four years as prosecuting attorney for Dickinson county, and 
for two years as mayor of Iron Mountain. Fraternally he is a mem- 
ber of Iron Mountain Lodge, No. 388, F. & A. M. 

Nels Chbistophebsen. — An able and popular representative of the 
stanch Scandinavian element in the upper peninsula is Nels Ohria- 
topherson, who is one of the substantial and reliable business men of 



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778 THE NOKTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Menominee, where he is a member of the firm of Christ ophersen & 
Amundsen, dealers in watches, clocks, jewelry, silverware, etc. The 
finely equipped establishment of the firm is located at 510 Main street, 
in the Hotel Menominee block, and it is essentially metropolitan in 
its equipment and facilities, so that it admirably meets the demands 
placed upon it by its large and appreciative patronage, 

Mr. Christophers en was bom at Odalen, Norway, on the 21st of 
January, 1850, and is a son of Christopher and Olia (Larson) Chris- 
tophersen, both of whom were representatives of sterling families of 
that section of the far Norseland. The father was bom in 1818 and he 
passed the closing years of his life at Peusaukee, "Wisconsin, where 
he died in 1877. His wife died in Norway, in 1855, when the sub- 
ject of this sketch was a child of five years. Of the five children of 
this union, three are now living, — Bernt, who is a resident of Elgin, 
Illinois; Nels, whose name introduces this sketch, and Gina, who is 
the wife of John Viekery of Tacoma, Washington. The father's 
active career in Norway was one closely identified with agricultural 
pursuits, and in 1870 he came to America and established his home 
at Big Suamico, Brown county, Wisconsin. After having been em- 
ployed in a saw mill about three years he engaged in farming in 
that section of the state, where he remained until his death, about 
four years later. Both he and his wife are devout members of the 
Norwegian-Lutheran church. 

Nels Christophersen received his educational training in the 
schools of his native land, and there his early experieuces were thus 
connected with the work of the home farm. In 1869, at the age of 
nineteen years, he severed home ties and embarked on the steamship 
"Santiago de Cuba" and he landed in New York City on the 19th of 
August of that year. He came from the national metropolis directly 
to the west and located at Big Suamico, Wisconsin, where he found 
employment in a saw miU. After devoting about three years to this 
line of work he removed to Elgin, Illinois, where he secured a posi- 
tion in the Elgin watch factory. He remained thus engaged from 
1872 to 1883, when he took up his residence in Springfield, the capital 
city of Illinois, where he was employed in the manufacture of the 
Springfield watches until 1885. In the year last mentioned Mr. Chris- 
tophersen removed to Sac City, Iowa, where he initiated his career 
as an independent business man by establishing a jewelry store. This 
he conducted rmtil 1887, when he came to Menominee, Michigan, 
where he has since continued actively and successfully engaged in the 
jewelry business. For some time be conducted the enterprise in a 
personal way and finally he admitted to partnership 0. E. Amundsen, 
with whom he has since been pleasantly concerned, under the firm 
name of Christophersen & Amundsen. When it is stated that this 
firm has the largest jewelry store and carries the largest stock of its 
kind in Menominee River Valley it will be readily understood that 
their fair and honorable dealings have not been denied large and em- 
phatic popular approval. Mr. Christophersen maintains a secure 
hold upon the esteem and confidence of the community in which he 
has been pleased to cast his lot and he is one of the valued citizens 
and representative business men of Menominee. 

Loyal to the institutions and customs of his adopted country, Mr. 
Christophersen takes due interest in public affairs, especially those 
of a local order, and his political allegiance is given to the Republican 
party. After becoming naturalized he had the privilege of easting 
his first presidential vote for General Ulysses S. Grant, and under 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 779 

the administration of this honored executive he served as deputy col- 
lector of United States customs at Menominee. He has been a mem- 
ber of the county board of Menominee for a number of years, has 
done all in his power to further good municipal government and 
civic progress, and at present he is incumbent of the office of super- 
visor. He is identified with the time-honored Masonic fraternity, in 
which his affiliations are with Menominee Lodge, Free & Accepted 
Masons; Menominee Chapter, Royal Arch Masons; Menominee Com- 
mander y, Knights Templars, and Ahmed Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, in the city of Marquette. 
He also holds membership in the local organizations of the Knights 
of the Maccabees and the Modern Woodmen of America. He is a 
zealous member of the Norwegian-Lutheran church, as was also his 
wife, in his home city, and he is also a member of its board of trustees. 
On the 4th of August, 1877, Mr. Christophersen was united in 
marriage to Miss Clara Larson, who was born in Sweden, in 1858, 
and who proved a faithful and loving companion and helpmeet. She 
was summoned to the life eternal in 1904 and is survived by two chil- 
dren, — Albert and Alfred, who are twins. Albert is connected with 
the store and Alfred is connected with the Northwestern Railroad at 
Menominee. 

Alexander Maitland. — The subject of this sketch has long been a 
prominent and influential figure in connection with financial and busi- 
ness affairs in the Upper Peninsula, and has served as president of the 
First National Bank of Negaunee from the time of its organization. 
He is essentially one of the leading and most honored citizens of this 
section of the state and the high esteem in which he is held is indi- 
cated by the fact that he served two terms as lieutenant governor of 
the state. He is prominently identified with the iron industry, in 
which his holdings are large and important. Mr. Maitland is to be 
designated as one of the pioneer citizens of the Upper Peninsula, as he 
has here maintained his home since the 1st of July, 1864, and here he 
has found opportunity to achieve large and definite success through 
his own efforts, being well deserving of the title of a self-made man. 

Alexander Maitland was horn at Kilmarnock, Scotland, on the 20th 
of June, 1844, and is a son of James and Barbara (Kerr) Maitland, 
representatives of stanch old families of the land of hills and heather. 
The father was engaged in the wholesale boot and shoe business in 
Kilmarnock, until 1856, when he removed with his family to America. 
After passing a few years at Hamilton, province of Ontario, Canada, 
he removed to Hastings county, in the same province, where he pur- 
chased a farm and where he devoted the remainder of his active career 
to agricultural pursuits. Both he and his wife continued to reside on 
this homestead until their death, and of their children four sons are 
now living, the subject of this sketch being the youngest of the number. 

Alexander Maitland gained his early educational training in his 
native land and was about eleven years of age at the time of the fam- 
ily removal to America. At the age of fourteen years he began to 
work upon the home farm, and in the meanwhile he completed his 
studies during such hours as were at his disposal. Through this self- 
discipline he made satisfactory advancement and he thus continued 
until he had attained to the age of about eighteen years. In the winter 
of 1862 he secured employment in a carriage factory at Gait, Ontario, 
where he remained about ten months. In July, 1864, he came to the 
Upper Peninsula of Michigan and located at Negaunee, where he se- 



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780 THE NOKTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

cured a position as rodman of the Mineral branch of the Chicago & 
Northwestern Kailroad. Two months later he assumed the position 
of explorer for the Iron Cliffs Mining Company, and he was thus em- 
ployed until 1868, wheu this corporation gave him the position of sur- 
veyor aad engineer, of which he remained incumbent for nine years. 
In 1879 he was appointed assistant general manager and in July, 1881, 
he succeeded to the office of general manager, in which he served with 
all of ability and discrimination until the 1st of January, 1891. In 
1881 he also became general manager of the Cambra & Lillie Mining 
Company, and this office he retained until 1906. He is president of 
the Blacli River Mining Company, operating on the Gogebic Range, 
and also of the North Lake Mineral Land Company, whose properties 
are on the north shore of Lake Superior. Mr. Maitland has made judi- 
cious investments in mining stock and real estate and he has been 
president of the First National Bank of Negaunee from the time of its 
organization in May, 1887. This is one of the strongest and most popu- 
lar of the financial institutions of the Upper Peninsula, and besides 
his identification with the same, Mr. Maitland is also a stockholder in 
the Miners' Bank of Ishpeming, the First National Bank of Escanaba, 
and the State Bank of Negaunee, of which last he was one of the 
organizers. 

Mr. Maitland has wielded much influence in connection with the 
development of the mining industry of the Northern Peninsula, as well 
as other sections of the Union. Li 1904 he became the owner of the 
Scott iron mine, the development of which he instituted in the follow- 
ing year, and since 1908 he has leased the property to the Volunteer 
Ore Company. He is the owner of the North Home Stake gold mine 
located in the Black Hills, South Dakota, and he opened up this prop- 
erty in 1902, besides which he has large mining interests in the state 
of Minnesota. 

As a man of great business capacity and broad mental ken Mr. 
Maitland has naturally shown a loyal and public-spirited interest in 
public affairs, and he is an uncompromising supporter of the princi- 
ples and policies for which the Republican party stands sponsor. He 
served three terms as mayor of Negaunee and was incumbent of the 
office of county surveyor of Marquette county for two terms. In 1896 
he was elected to represent his district in the state senate, in which he 
served two consecutive terms, and in 1902 he was elected lieutenant 
governor of the state, in which office he served during the administra- 
tions of Governors Bliss and Warner, proving a most able and loyal 
executive. He has attained to the thirty-second degree in the Ancient 
Accepted Scottish Rite of the Masonic fraternity, in which his affilia- 
tions are here briefly noted, — Negaunee Lodge, No. 202, Free & Ac- 
cepted Masons; Marquette Chapter, No. 43, Royal Arch Masons; Lake 
Superior Coramandery, No. 30, Knights Templar; Ahmed Temple, An- 
cient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine ; and De Witt 
Clinton Consistory, Sublime Princes of the Royal Secret, in the city of 
Grand Rapids. Mr. Maitland and his wife also hold membership in 
the adjunct organization, the Order of the Eastern Star. 

_ On the 10th of June, 1874, Mr. Maitland was united in marriage to 
Miss Caroline V. Sterling, who was bom at Utica, New York, and who 
is a daughter of the late Adam J. Sterling. Five childrpn have been 
born to this union, — Alexander F,, Katherine, Leslie M., Harvey K. and 
Rena. 

Henry Saam. — Numbered among the citizens of high repute and 
good standing in the mining community of Keweenaw county is Henry 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 781 

Saam, a man of excellent business qualifications and judgment, who is 
now serving as master mechanic at the Mohawk Mine, 

A native of Germany, he was bom, May 17, 1850, at Kpsse-Cassel, 
his birth occurring in the same house in which his fathei John baam 
and his grandfather, also named Henry Saam first drew the breath of 
life, it having been the ancestral home of thu Saam familj for upwards 
of three hundred years. The grandfather a farmer by occupation 
spent his entire life in the Fatherland. Two of his sons however 
Barnard and John, came to the United btates Bamaid baam settled 
first at Eagle River, Michigan, later removing to Rockland, Ontonagon 
county, where he was for a time employed in the Minn^ota Mine, and 
subsequently spending his last years at Lake Lindeo, Houghton county. 

Reared to agricultural pursuits, John Saam remained in Hesse- 
Cassel until 1857, when, accompanied by his wife and four children, he 
came in a sailing vessel to the United States, being fifty-seven days on 
the ocean. From New York City he came by way of the railroad, canal 
and Lakes to Sheboygan, Wisconsin, where be rented land, and lived un- 
til after the breaking out of the Civil war. Then, in 1861, he enlisted in 
Company A, Ninth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. Veteranizing in 
1863, he served until the close of the conllict, being with his regiment in 
all of its marches, campaigns and battles. Receiving his honorable dis- 
charge from the array, he joined his family, who had moved to Han- 
cock, in 1864, and there lived until his death, in 1870, being variously 
employed in the meantime, although, on account of iU health, he was 
unable to perform any very hard labor. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Margaret Harding, was born in Saxony, Germany, and is now re- 
siding in the Upper Peninsula, being eighty-nine years of age. She has 
five children, namely: Louis, Charles, Henry, Annie, and Minnie, the 
last named being the only one horn on American soil. 

But fourteen years of age when his mother moved with her children 
to Hancock, Houghton county, Henry Saam at once there found em- 
ployment as a mason's helper, afterwards working in a copper stamp 
mill, and still later becoming a fireman, and an engineer. At the age 
of twenty-two years, he entered a machine shop as a journey workman, 
and five years later was given charge of the machinery at the Allouez 
Mine, with which he was connected four years. From 1881 until 1882, 
Mr. Saam was in the employ of the Calumet & Hecla Mining Company 
for a year, after which he went to Canada to set up machinery for a 
mining company. Returning to Michigan at the end of five months, he 
was in the employ of the Calumet & Heela Mining Company until 1887, 
when he located in Baraga, where he operated a saw mill, which he pur- 
chased, until it was destroyed by fire, a year later. Returning, he had 
charge of the machinery at the Allouez Mine until 1892, afterwards 
being connected with the Wolverine Jlining Company until 1899. In 
that year Mr, Saam accepted a position with the Mohawk Mining Com- 
pany, with which he has since continued as master mechanic. 

In 1872 Mr. Saam was united in marriage with Anna Funke, who 
was born in 1856, in Germany, a daughter of Engleherg and Frances 
(Drolle) Funke. Twelve children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Saam, namely: Joseph, Lillie, Hattie, Anna, Maud, Henry, John, Cora, 
Lucius, George, Fred and Girlie. Joseph married Mary Kaiser, and 
they have three sons, Joseph, George and Karl. Lillie, wife of John 
Kline, has three sons, John, Merwin and Joseph, Hattie, wife of An- 
drew Jackson, has three children, Thomas, Mildred and Hattie. Henry 
iiiarried Hilma Warenon, Cora, wife of George Kohn, has one son. 



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7H2 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

Russell. Lucius married Ethel Stephenson, and they have one child, 
Harry, Mr. Saani is a member of the German Aid Society of Calumet. 

Arthur H. Palmek. — He whose name introduces this sketch is a 
native son of Marquette comity and is one of the representative busi- 
ness men of the city of Marquette, where he is junior member of the 
firm of Asire & Palmer, who here conduct a large and important real 
estate business. His father was prominently identified with survey- 
ing and exploring operations in the Upper Peninsula in the pioneer 
days and the name has been long and prominently identified with the 
history of this now favored section of the Wolverine state. 

Arthur H. Palmer was born at Forestville, Marquette county, 
Michigan, about five miles distant from Marquette, on the 21st of No- 
vember, 1870, and is a son of Leander and Eraeline (Huntoon) Palmer. 
The father was born at "West Milgrove, Wood county, Ohio, in the year 
1834, and he died at seventy years of age, in 1904. The mother was 
bom in the city of Jackson, Michigan, in 1842, and she now resides in 
Marquette. Of this imion were born two sons, Edward Vose and Ar- 
thur H. The elder son, who is now located at Denver, Colorado, was 
graduated in the Michigan College of Mines, at Houghton, and is an 
expert mineralogist and mining engineer. Leander C. Palmer was a 
son of Samuel Stuart Palmer and Silenda (Chapin) Palmer and was a 
grandson of Vose Palmer, who was born in Connecticut of English 
ancestry and whose father was the founder of the family in America. 
The latter 'a death occurred a number of years prior to the war of the 
Revolution and he left his farm to be carried on by his widow and 
three sons. When the war of the Revolution began it became neces- 
sary for one of the sons to go forth in defense of the cause of inde- 
pendence and Vose, the youngest of the sons, was designated for this 
patriotic service, upon which he entered when about sixteen years of 
age. Because of his youth he was assigned to duty as personal aide 
to one of the officers, who, family tradition states, was General Gates. 
After the close of the war he returned to his home at Stonington, 
Connecticut, and not many years afterward he married a Miss Stuart, 
who is said to have been a descendant of the royal Scottish house of 
Stuart. About 1796 Vose Palmer removed with his family to the town 
of Plainfield, Otsego county. New York, where it is presumed the res- 
idue of his life was passed. 

Samuel Stuart Palmer was bom in Connecticut and was an infant 
at the time of the family removal to Otsego county. New York, as 
just stated. He was reared to the discipline of the pioneer farm and 
throughout his active career he never severed his allegiance to the 
great basic industry of agriculture. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Silenda Chapin, was born in Herkimer county, New York, and for some 
time after their marriage he continued to reside on his father's farm. 
He then removed to Henderson township, Jeiferson county. New York, 
where he was engaged in farming for the following decade. In the 
autumn of 1832 he removed with his family to Ohio and settled in the 
vicinity of West Milgrove, Wood county, where he secured a tract 
of land and continued to reside until the spring of 1857. He then re- 
moved to aiinnesota, becoming one of the pioneers of that state. His 
■ wife died in Wood county, Ohio, on the 1st of September, 1841, at the age 
of forty-four years, and he died at Ihiluth, Minnesota, on the 1st of 
April, 1878, He was first a Whig and later a Republican in pohties, 
and both he and his wife were devoted members of the Presbyterian 
church. Of their eleven children three are here mentioned : Samuel 
1), Loren W. and Francis B. (deceased). 



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THE NORTHERN I'ENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 783 

Leander C, Palmer, father of Samuel S., gained his early educa- 
tional training in the common schools of Wood county, Ohio, and after 
devoting several winters to teaching in the district schools his desire 
for a wider and more congenial field of endeavor led him to make a 
trip to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, whither he came in 1856, 
For two or three years thereafter he worked at various points at the 
head of Lake Superior, making his headquarters at Superior, Wis- 
consin. In this section he was engaged in government surveys as a 
civil engineer and finally he established his home in Marquette, where 
he became one of the pioneers in his profession. He did a large amount 
of important work in surveying and in prospecting for minerals and 
timber lands. He examined the entire land grant for the present Du- 
luth. South Shore & Atlantic Railroad, and during the last sixteen 
years of his life he devoted his attention principally to the real estate 
business. He laid out the beautiful Palmer addition to the city of 
Marquette, and the same is now practically covered with residences 
and other buildings of excellent type. He was most progressive and 
public spirited as a citizen and he did much to further the civic and 
material upbuilding of Marquette. He served as alderman from the 
Third ward for several terms and held other important offices of local 
trust. He was a zealous and earnest member of the Baptist church, 
in which he served as deacon and trustee, and in politics his support 
was given to the Republican party. 

Arthur H. Palmer, the immediate subject of this sketch, was af- 
forded the advantages of the schools of Marquette, including the high 
school and also of a local business college. His first employment was 
in the capacity of messenger boy of the Marquette offices of the Du- 
luth, South Shore & Atlantic Railroad and later he became book- 
keeper for a grocery house in this city. For two years after leaving 
this position he was secretary for the Lake Superior Ice Company 
and he then became the local bookkeeper for the American Biscuit 
Company, For some time he held the dual office of secretary and 
treasurer of the Lake Superior Carriage Works, and in 1892 he en- 
gaged in the general merchandise business, in which he continued 
until 1905, since which time he has been successfully engaged in the 
real estate business. In this line of enterprise he was first associated 
with George N, Hodgkins, under the firm name of Palmer & Hodg- 
kins, which was retained until 1908, when Mr. Palmer withdrew from 
the firm and associated himself with Merwin E. Asire, in the same 
line of business, which they have since continued under the firm name 
of Asire & Palmer. 

In politics Mr, Palmer gives his support to the cause of the Repub- 
lican party and he and his wife are members of the Baptist church, 
in Marquette, of which he is trustee. He is affiliated with Marquette 
Lodge, No. 101, Free & Accepted Masons; Marquette Chapter, No. 43, 
Royal Arch Masons; and with the Knights Templars. 

On the 18th of October, 1893, Mr. Palmer was united in marriage 
to Miss Minnie Russell, of Jackson, Michigan. She is a daughter of 
James H. and Ellen (Piatt) Russell, both of whom are natives of Mich- 
igan, and still residents of Jackson, Michigan, Mr. Russell being a trav- 
eling commercial salesman. Mr. and Mrs, Palmer have no children. 

Rev. John K. Nikander, D. D. — Entitled to honorable recognition 
in a work of this character is Rev. John K. Nikander, D. D., who is 
widely known throughout the Upper Peninsula as one of the promot- 
ers and supporters of Suomi College, one of the important educa- 



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784 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

tiocal institutions of Hancock. As a preacher of the ' 
formerly held pastorates in diiferent places in this vicinity and 
Houghton county, but has more recently devoted hia attention to the 
interests of the college, giving to the work an enthusiastic zeal bom 
of strong convictions and a noble purpose. He was born, September 
3, 1855, in the parish of Lammi, village of Vilkkila, Finland, coming 
from a family of some prominence. 

His father, John K. Nikander, Sr., was bom, reared and educated 
in Lammi, Finland. Although he had but meagre educational ad- 
vantages, he made excellent use of hia natural talents, becoming a 
skilful mechanic. He learned carpentry, and in addition to following 
his trade was prosperously engaged in the manufacture of spinning 
wheels and carriages, painting, and in operating a turning lathe, build- 
ing up a good business, Removing to Heinola in 1864, he was there 
a resident until his death, in 1866. He married Hedwig Maria 
Metsmaa, who was born in Lammi, Finland, and died in Heinola, Finland, 
in 1883. Four children were bom to them, as follows: John E., the 
special subject of this brief biographical sketch; Emma, living in 
Hancock, Michigan; Wilhelmina, wife of John H. Jasberg, of Han- 
cock ; and Edward Miettinen, a teacher in his native land. 

Having attended school in Heinola, Finland, four years, John K, 
Nikander entered a college at Jyvaskyla, where he was graduated at 
the age of eighteen years. Going then to Helsingfors, he entered the 
University of Finland, where he completed a full course of study, 
being graduated from the Theological Department with the class of 
1879. Ordained to the ministry on July 7, 1879, Mr. Nikander began 
his ministerial labora in his native land, preaching in Saint Michel, 
Huskeala, and Kerimaki. Sailing for America in December, 1884, 
Dr. Nikander, on whom the degree of D. D. has been worthily con- 
ferred, arrived in Hancock, Michigan, January 3, 1885. His coming 
was warmly welcomed in religious circles, and he afterwards con- 
tinued his pastoral labors in Northern Michigan for twelve years, 
having charge of Finnish Lutheran churches at Hancock, Calumet and 
AUouez, in each place doing a noble work. Since 1897 the doctor has 
devoted his attention principally to the interests of the Suomi Col- 
lege, of which he was one of the founders, occasionally, however, sup- 
plying vacant pulpits in this vicinity. 

Dr. Nikander married, in 1902, Sanna Christina Bajala, who was 
born in Ilmajoki, Finland, and of their union three children have been 
born, namely: "VViljo K., Aino I., and Toivo S., all of whom were born 
in Hancock. 

Thomas J. Dundon. — A talented, cultured, and skilful lawyer, 
Thomas J. Dundon, of Ishpeming, is an able representative of the legal 
fraternity of Marquette county, having built up by his own efforts an 
extensive and remunerative practice. A son of the late John Dundon, 
he was bom. May 14, 1853, at Broolclodge, county Cork, Ireland, where 
the first two years of his life were passed. 

Bom, reared and married in county Cork, Ireland, John Dundon 
emigrated to the United States in 1855, crossing the ocean in a sailing 
vessel. He located first at AYest Stockbridge, Massachusetts, where 
for six years he was employed in the blast-furnace works. Coming 
from there to Marquette, Michigan, he lived here retired for several 
years, but spent his last days at De Pere, Wisconsin, passing away at 
the venerable age of eighty-eight years. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Mary Coakley, was born in county Cork, Ireland, and died, at the 



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THE NOETHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 785 

age of fifty-nine years, in Marquette, ilichigan. Fourteen diildreu 
were born of their union, seveu of whom are now living, as follows: 
Jiichard, Ellen, James, Maurice, Edward, Lawrence and Thomas J. 
Both parents were members of the Roman Catholic church and reared 
their children in the same religious faith. 

While living in western Massachusetts Thomas J. Dun don ob- 
tained his first knowledge of books in the public schools, which was 
further advanced in the graded schools of Marquette, Michigan. An 
ambitious student, anxious to further advance his education, he was 
subsequently graduated from the University of Notre Dame, at Notre 
Dame. Ind., with the degree of B. C. Ijocating then in Clarksburg, 
Michigan, he remained there a number of years, being engaged in the 
manufacturing of pig-iron and having charge of the blast-fumace 
there until 1875, after which he taught school six years. Entering the 
law department of the University of Michigan in 1881, he was there 
graduated with the class of 1884. Being admitted to the Michigan 
bar, Mr. Dundon has since been busily engaged in the practice of his 
profession at Ishpeming, where he has a large clientele. Following in 
the footsteps of his father, he is a stanch supporter of the principles 
of the Democratic party, and is a faithful member of the Roman Cath- 
olic church. 

On May 9, 1892, Mr. Dundon married Margaret Stack, who was 
born in Delaware county, Ohio, a daughter of Richard and Mary 
(Fitzpatrick) Stack, both of whom were born in Ireland and died in 
Ohio. Six children have blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. Dundon, 
namely: John, Mary, Edward, George, Thomas and Margaret. 

Captain Edwaed James Loed, of Iron Mountain, has an unsurpassed 
acquaintance with mining in all its phases and for many years has 
been actively identified with the history and advancement of this 
most important industry of the Upper Peninsula, at the same time 
enjoying the highest standing as a citizen. He has held his present 
office of captain of the Pewabic Mine for upwards of a score of years. 
He is British by birth, having been bom July 2, 1862, in the parish of 
Liskeard, county Cornwall, England, the father's name being George 
Lord. liis grandfather, Jacob Lord, was bom in the parish of Saint 
Austell and was a life-long resident of county Cornwall. He kept a 
hotel at Saint Austell for several years and afterwards removed to 
Liskeard where he adopted the profession of a gardener and where 
he spent his remaining years, passing away at a ripe old age. 

The father, George Lord, was bom in 1817, in the parish of Saint 
Austeil, and died in 1882, in the neighboring parish of Liskeard. He 
was a miner by occupation and during his entire active life worked in 
the tin and lead mines of Cornwall. The mother, whose maiden name 
was Jane Cowling, was bom either in county Cornwall or in Devon- 
shire. She survived her husband, passing away in 1896, at the age of 
sixty-nine years. There were seven children in the family: John 
lives in Northumberland, England; Harry emigrated to America and 
spent the rest of his life in this country, his home being in Pennsylva- 
nia at the time of his death ; Susan remained in England ; Fred is still 
in Northmnberland ; George is a prominent citizen of Detroit, Mich- 
igan, a former member of the state legislature and very active in pub- 
lic affairs; Annie, the youngest, still resides in her native land. Cap- 
tain Lord was the fifth son. His baptismal name was Edwin, but since 
coming to this country his friends and associates have so frequently 
called him Edward that he has adopted that name. 



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786 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Captain Lord received a little early training in the English schools, 
but left their portals when only ten years of age. Although of such 
tender years he was almost immediately set to face the stern problem 
of earning his own living, and began his training as a miner, for two 
years screening ore on the surface, and for the following four years 
working underground with his father, grading ore. His judgment 
and executive ability proved of a quality so exceptionally high that 
when but sixteen years old he became a mine contractor and contin- 
ued in this capacity until 1884, when he was a year or so past his ma- 
jority. Knowing of the rich opportunities for advancement in his 
line of work in the mining regions of the New "World, he emigrated 
in that year to the United States, landing in New Tory, February 14, 
1884, He went directly to Nantieoke, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, 
and was for fourteen months employed as foreman at tunnel work 
and shaft sinking in the eoai mines. Advancing westward, he spent 
a short time at Pilot Knob, Missouri, and a few months in Preeland, 
Colorado, and then directed his course to the Menominee Range, in 
Michigan. In Norway, Dickinson county, he secured employment in 
his special line and then eame on to Iron River, where he was offered 
a position in the Nanimo Mine. He accepted this and remained at 
Iron River until February, 1889. 

In the month above noted, Captain Lord decided to try his for- 
tunes at Iron Mountain and began work with pick and shovel in the 
Pewabic Mine. Here he demonstrated his usual faithfulness and effi- 
ciency and a few years later, in 1893, was made foreman, which posi- 
tion he retained for four years. For the next three years he had 
charge of the Walpole Mine, and in 1900 he was promoted to his 
present responsible position as captain of the Pewabic Mine. 

In 1888 Captain Lord was united in marriage to Miss Emma Camp- 
bell, bom in Greenfield, Carleton county, New Brunswick, her father's 
name being Kenneth George Campbell. Her grandfather, Alexander 
Campbell, was Scotch, and was born either in Scotland or in New 
Brunswick of Scotch parents, his descendants being somewhat uncer- 
tain in this regard. He was for many years a pilot in the harbor of 
Little Shippegan, and there spent his last days. 

The grandmother, Hannah Crabb Campbell, of English descent, 
was born at Miramichi, Northumberland county. New Brunswick, and 
died at Little Shippegan when nearly ninety years of age, having sur- 
vived her husband for something like a score of years. Mrs. Lord's 
father was born on Little Shippegan Island, learned the carpenter's 
trade, and followed it in New Brunswick until 1880. He subse- 
quently came to the Upper Peninsula and locating at Menominee, 
followed his trade in that place for four years. He removed to Iron 
River and his death occurred there not long afterward, his age being 
only thirty-five years. His wife was before her marriage Susanna 
Kinney, of Greenfield, Carleton county. New Brunswick, a daughter 
of John Shepard Kinney. Her grandfather, Stephen Kinney, was 
bom in New England of English parentage. After his marriage with 
Meriba Ives, also a native of New England, he removed to Carleton 
county. New Brunswick, and there spent the remainder of his life. 
Her mother's father, John Shepard Kinney, was a. New Bnglander, it 
is believed, and removed to Greenfield, New Brunswick, where he en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits. The mother, whose maiden name was 
Sarah Ann Crabb, was born at Miramichi, her father being Richard 
Crabb, an Englishman. After emigrating to America he went first to 
New Brunswick, but subsequently became a citizen of the "land of the 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 787 

stars and stripes" and spent his iast years in Illinois. Mrs. Lord's 
mother married for her second husband Abraham Walker, now a 
resident of Iron Mountain, Michigan. Her children, seven in number, 
are all of her first marriage. They are Emma, wife of Captain Lord; 
John A.; Hannah; Kenneth D.; Richard; Herbert R. ; and Wesley A. 

Patrick R. Downey. — Among the successful and popular hotel men 
of the Upper Peninsula is Mr. Downey, who is proprietor of the Bel- 
videre Hotel, in the city of Sault Ste. Marie. He was born in the village 
of Alluniette Island, on the Island of the same name in the Ottowa 
river, Pontiac county, province of Quebec, Canada, on the 20th of De- 
cember, 1868, and in the same county were born his parents, Patrick and 
Elizabeth (Ryan) Downey. The father was bom in the year 1842 and 
the mother in 1841. The latter died in 1894 and the former on the 17th 
of June, 1903. They became the parents of nine children, all sons, and 
of the number five are living, the subject of this sketch being the eldest 
of this number ; John is a resident of Marquette, Michigan, and a mem- 
ber of its board of aldermen ; Charles A. resides at Sycamore Junction, 
British Columbia; Martin is a resident of the stat« of Montana; and 
Michael resides at North Bay, Ontario, 

Patrick Downey, father of the subject of this review, was engaged 
in agricultural pursuits in his native county until 1896, when he removed 
to Marquette, Michigan, where he maintained his home until 1901, when 
he removed to Ferry county, Washington, where he secured a tract of 
land and devoted the remainder of his life to agricultural pursuits. Both 
he and his wife were devout communicants of the Catholic church. Pat- 
rick R. Downey was reared in his native county and there received the 
advantages of the county schools. His independent career was initiated 
by the work of cutting wood for the Canadian Pacific Railroad, the 
product being used for fuel on the engines of the old type. Later he en- 
gaged as a clerk in a clothing store and finally he returned to his native 
county and worked on the farm of his maternal grandfather, John Ryan, 
in the meanwhile working his way through the common schools. There- 
after he was variously employed in his native province until September, 
1888, when he went to the city of Montreal, where he completed a course 
of one year in Mount St. Louis College. Thereafter he was 
employed as clerk in a grocery store in the city of Ottawa for 
one year, and in September, 1890, he removed to Marquette, Michi- 
gan, where he became brakeman on the Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic 
Railroad. He rose to the position of freight conductor and finally, in 
1901, he was promoted to the position of conductor. He continued to 
serve as such with the road mentioned until 1906, when he accepted a 
similar po.sition on the Duluth, Mesaba, & Northern Railroad, with which 
he continued in service until the first of July, 1907, when he came to 
Sault Ste. Marie and secured control of the Belvidere Hotel, of which 
he has since been proprietor and which he has made one of the popular 
hostelries of the Upper Peninsula, which same has secured a lai^e and 
appreciative patronage under his effective direction, and his association 
with this business, as well as with railroad interests, has made him dis- 
tinctively popular with the traveling public. He is a Republican in his 
political proclivities, holds membership in the Order of Railway Con- 
ductors and the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, brides which he is 
affiliated with Sault Ste. Marie Lodge, No. 552, Benevolent & Protective 
Order of Elks. 

On the 20th of March, 1893. Mr. Downey was united in marriage to 



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788 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

Miss Marie McKelvie, who was bom at Gait, province of Ontario, Can- 
ada, and who is a daughter of Robert W. and Jeanette {Carroll) Mc- 
Kelvie, the former of whom was born in Scotland, on the 4th of May, 
1828, and the latter of whom was horn in the city of Glasgow, Scotland, 
on the 22d of September, 1842. The father died on the 21st, of Septem- 
ber, 1905, and his widow is now living at Calumet, Michigan, They 
were married at Gait, Ontario, on the 29th of February, 1857, and of 
their .six children five are now living, — Mai^aret, wife of Frank A. 
Wentworth of Marquette, Michigan ; Robert D., of Calumet, this state ; 
John, a resident of the same state ; Marie, wife of the subject of this 
sketch ; and William S. of Calumet. Robert "W. McKelvie came from his 
native land to Canada when a young man and there followed the work 
of the carpenter's trade until 1882, when he removed to Marquette, 
Michigan, where he became a successful contractor and builder, and he 
passed the remainder of his life in the Upper Peninsula. Mr, and Mrs. 
Downey had two sons, — ^Lawrence, who remains at the parental home, 
and Patrick Hartwell, who died in infancy. 

Hablow D. Brainerd, manager of the lumber yards of The I. Steph- 
enson Co., at Eseanaba, Michig'an, enjoys the distinction of having filled 
this position for a period of thirty-seven years. Mr. Brainerd is a na- 
tive of the Western Reserve and a descendant of Connecticut ancestry. 
He was bom in Cuyahoga county, Ohio, October 28, 1844, son of David 
and Susan (Emmons) Brainerd, both natives of Ohio, the former of 
Cuyahoga county and the latter of Lorain county, both children of par- 
ents who had pioneered from Connecticut. David Brainerd was reared 
near what is now the city of Cleveland, and was married in that local- 
ity. In 1845 he and his wife and their two sons, Harlow D. being a 
babe of six months, came west to Racine county, Wisconsin, and set- 
tled on a farm near Burlington. There the subject of our sketch was 
reared. 

His boyhood days were spent in attending district school in winter 
and assisting in the farm work during the summer. On reaching his 
majority, he accepted a position as foreman in a retail lumber yard at 
Burlington, where he remained three years. Then he spent one season 
in Missouri. In the spring of 1872 he went to Chicago in the employ 
of The N. Ludington Co., now the I. Stephenson Co,, with which he 
has since remained. In July of the following year they sent him to 
Eficanaba, as manager of their retail lumber yard at this place, and 
here his term of service has already covered a period equaled by few 
employes in any line of work, 

Mr. Brainerd was first married in 1868, to Miss Sarah Amend. She 
died, leaving him with one daughter. In 1879, he married Miss Emma 
Brainerd, and some time after her death he wedded Miss Elise Olsen, 
the last marriage being in 1900. 

Clyde Hayden. — One of the leading attorneys of Eseanaba, Clyde 
Hayden, was bom in Blaekhawk county, Iowa, March 27, 1876. Mr, 
Hayden 's English ancestor on the Hayden side was living in the Massa- 
chusetts Bay Colony in 1636 and in 1638 was among the first settlers of 
Connecticut. Otis Hayden, the father of Clyde, was also a native of 
Iowa, where he was a successful merchant for some years. In 1877, he 
removed to Freeborn county, Minnesota, and is now engaged in mer- 
cantile business at Albert Lea. He married Lottie Bumham, a native of 
Aurora, Illinois. Of this union Clyde is the older of two sons who 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 789 

reached maturity, and was one year old at the time his parents removed 
to Albert Lea, Minnesota. 

The early education of Mr. Hayden was acquired in Albert Lea, 
where he was graduated from high school; later he attended the Uni- 
versity of Minnesota, graduating in 1900, with the degree of B. S. He 
received his law course at Harvard, from which he was graduated with 
the class of 1904, with the degree LL. B. He immediately engaged in 
the practice of his profession, and located the same year at the Soo 
Michigan. In the fall of 1905 he became a resident of Eseanaba, where 
he has since continued in active practice. Mr. Hayden has built up a 
good practice, and stands high in his profession and in the four years 
he has lived in Eseanaba he has become well known and universally es- 
teemed. Politically he is a Republican, and takes a commendable inter- 
est in public afifairs. Mr. Hayden is a member of the Knights of Pythias. 
He is an able lawyer, and a young man of unusual promise. 

Mr. Hayden married, in 1906, Edith, daughter of George C. and Mary- 
Watson, of Hartford, Wisconsin, a young woman of culture and refine- 
ment, who has made many friends in Eseanaba. 

Richard M. Edwards. — Throughout his entire life Richard M. Ed- 
wards resided in Houghton county, Michigan, his birthplace being in 
the village of Houghton, oii the 17th of February, 1864, and as a mine- 
owner and developer, as an educator and as a citizen he has been an 
important factor in the development of the Northern Peninsula of 
Michigan. His name is familiar in business circles as the manager of 
the Indiana Copper Company and the North liake Mining Company, 
two of the most important corporations of the copper region. He is 
also the son of a prominent mine developer of the north, Thomas W. 
Edwards, from the mother country of England and who spent some 
time in the copper mines there. Emigrating to the United States he 
became one of the pioneers in the development of the copper m-ines in 
the Northern Peninsula of Michigan, and he became widely known in 
his profession. He was an expert judge of minerals, and he helped to 
open and develop some of the most noted mines of the Peninsula, and 
he continued along this line until his death in 1900, his life's history 
in this country being almost synonymous with the history of the cop- 
per development of the north. His life's companion and the mother 
of hia children was in her maidenhood Emily Collingwood. 

After passing through the public and high school of Houghton 
Richard M. Edwards entered Columbia College, New York City, a 
school of mines, and he graduated from the institution in 1886. Re- 
turning then to his native town of Houghton, he began teaching in the 
School of Mines and was soon appointed to a professorship in what ia 
now known as the Michigan College of Mines. After three years as a 
college professor he became a mining engineer for the Tamarack Min- 
ing Company, with whom he remained until 1899, and from that time 
\mtil 1904 he was the superintendent of the Isle Royal Mining Company, 
Since then he has acted in the capacity of superintendent of the Frank- 
lin Mine, the North Lake Mining Company, the Indiana Mining Com- 
pany and the Bohemian Mining Company, 

In 1893 Mr, Edwards was married to Miss Mary Gottsten, a daughter 
of Peter Gottsten, one of the old time residents and highly esteemed 
citiiiens of Houghton, the birthplace of Mrs. Edwards. 

Thomas H. Babron. — A man of strong traits of character, energetic, 
enterprising, and an eminently capable business man, Thomas H, Bar- 



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790 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

ron is actively identified with the mercantile interests of Iron 
Mountain as an extensive dealer in hardware, and as city treasurer 
is keeping an accurate account of its financial condition. Tie was 
bom, August 16, 1857, at Geneva, Ontario county. New York, which 
was also the birthplace of his father, John Barron, and of his grand- 
father, Thomas Barron. 

David Barron, the great-grandfather of Thomas H. Barron, was 
born, reared and educated in England, living there until after his 
marriage. The only member of his immediate family, as far as 
known, to leave his native land, he came with his young wife to Amer- 
ica, locating as a pioneer in Geneva, New York. In common with the 
other early settlers, he built a small log cabin on the wild land which 
he had purchased, it being two and one-half miles from the lake, and 
labored with unceasing toil to improve a farm, in the meantime help- 
ing to develop the resources of that section of the state. There were 
no railroads in the vicinity, and the people depended upon wild game 
and the products of their land for subsistence. He and his good wife 
there spent the remainder of their lives, honored and respected 
throughout the community for their many virtues. 

Inheriting a portion of the homestead on which he was bom, Thomas 
Barron spent his eighty-six years of earthly life in his native town, 
being engaged throughout his active career in agricultural pursuits. 
He married Margaret Mercer, who came from English ancestry, and 
she proved a most devoted and faithful companion, in the training of 
her children showing wisdom and good judgment. 

Brought up on the home farm, in Geneva, New York, John Barron 
was there engaged in agricultural pursuits during the earlier years of 
his life. Coming to the Upper Peninsula in 1870, he embarked in the 
lumber business, remaining here several years, his headquarters being 
in Marinette, "Wisconsin. Returning after awhile to New York state, 
he bought a farm in Cayuga county, and was there a resident until 
his death, in 1905, at the age of three score and ten years. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Jenisha Thome, was born at Fort Ann, 
"Washington county. New York, where her parents, Charles and Je- 
rusha Thorne, were pioneer settlers, who, having improved a farm 
from the wilderness, there spent their last days. Mrs. Barron died in 
1893. She had three children, namely : Thomas H., the special sub- 
ject of this sketch; Carrie E., and Charles D., who died in 1871. 

Educated in the public schools of Geneva, Thomas H. Barron began 
his mercantile career at Bergen, New York, where for three years he 
was clerk in a general store. Returning then to the parental roof- 
tree, he carried on farming until 1879, when he removed to Marinette, 
Wisconsin, there securing a position as cierk in a dry goods and cloth- 
ing store. Coming to Iron Mountain in 1891, Mr. Barron formed a 
copartnership with Mr. George Corning, and has since been actively 
engaged in the hardware business, having built up a large and profit- 
able trade, his upright, honorable dealings, unfailing courtesy, and 
his willingness to accommodate his many customers, having won for 
him a substantial patronage. 

Mr. Barron married, in 1881, Anna M. Gothard, who was bom in 
Milwaukee, ■Wisconsin, a daughter of "William and Roxanna (Percels) 
Gothard, natives of the Empire state, and early settlers of "Wisconsin. 
Mr. and Mrs. Barron have two sons, Harry W. and Charles B. Harry 
"W. now in the employ of the United States Steel Company, at Iron- 
wood, Michigan, married Sigrid Netterbladt. Charles E. is now serv- 
ing an apprenticeship at the machinist's trade. A prominent sup- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 791 

porter of the Republiean party, Mr. Barron takes an intelligent inter- 
est in the public welfare, and served, in 1907 and 1908, as mayor of 
Iron Mountain, and in 1909 was elected city treasurer. Fraternally 
he is a member of Iron Mountain Lodge, No. 388, F, & A. M. ; and of 
Iron Mountain Chapter, No. 121, R.. A. M. Religiously Mrs. Barron 
belongs to the First Presbyterian Church, in which she is an active and 
faithful worker. 

Emil Guensburg.— Associated with his brother, Adolph E. Gueos- 
burg, as a member of the firm of A. E. Guensburg, the subject of this 
sketch is one of the interested principals in the ownership and conduct- 
ing of the Grand department store in Menominee, which has precedence 
as one of the largest and most important institutions of its kind in this 
section of the country. Further reference to the enterprise is made in 
a sketch of the senior member of the firm, on other pages of this work. 

Emil G. Guensburg was bom near the city of Prague, Bohemia, on 
the 20th of November, 1865, and is third in order of birth of the children 
of Herman and Leonora (Neuman) Guensburg, both of whom passed 
nearly their entire lives in Bohemia. Of their children five are now liv- 
ing. Mr. Guensburg was reared and educated in his native land, where 
he continued to make his home imtil 1882, when he came to America and 
joined his brother Adolph E. in the city of Oconto, Wisconsin. Sub- 
sequently the two were associated in the conducting of general stores at 
Florence, "Wisconsin, and Crystal Falls, Iron River and Norway, Michi- 
gan. In 1893 his brother engaged in the general merchandise business 
in Menominee and in 1898 he himself came to this city, where the two 
have since been actively allied in the conducting of the Grand depart- 
ment store. 

Alert and progressive as a business man and loyal in all civic rela- 
tions, Mr. Guensburg has a secure place in popular confidence and es- 
teem in Menominee and is recognized as one of its representative busi- 
ness men. His political allegiance is given to the Republican party and 
he is affiliated with the York Rit« Masonic bodies in the city, as well as 
with Michigan Sovereign Consistory of the Ancient and Accepted Scot- 
tish Rite in the city of Detroit, in which he has attained the Thirty-second 
degree. In that city he also holds membership in Moslem Temple, An- 
cient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He is a mem- 
ber of Menominee Camp, No. 1794, Modem Woodmen of America, and 
also holds membership in the Modern Brotherhood of America and the 
Order of Yeomen. 

On the 1st of January, 1899, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Guensburg to Miss Delia C. Eckstein, who was born and reared in the 
city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and they have two sons, — Lester Herman 
and Edgar Adolph. 

Isaac W. Bvees.— Widely known as a man of legal ability and 
knowledge, an able lawyer and an upright judge, Isaac W, Byers, of 
Iron River, is one of the leading citizens of the place, and has for 
many years been closely identified with its progress and prosperity. 
A descendant of one of the early settlers of Pennsylvania and coming 
from Revolutionary stock, he was bora, December 16, 1868, at Jack- 
son Hall, near Chamberaburg, Pennsylvania, a son of Benjamin F. 
Byers. His great- great- grandfather, Jonathan Bayers, was one of a 
family of eight stalwart sons, every one of whom, notwithstanding 
that their father was a Tory, fought for the independence of the 
colonies during the Revolutionary war. He subsequently settled in 



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792 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

York county, Pennsylvania, and spent his last years in Manheim town- 
ship, dying in 1808. 

His son, Benjamin Bayer, the next in line of descent, was a bishop 
in the Brethren in Christ, or the River Brethren church, and, with his 
wife, whose maiden name was Anna Miller, spent his entire life, as 
far as known, in the Keystone state. Their son, Henry Bayer, grand- 
father of Isaac W., was born in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, 
and was there engaged in farming during his life. He married Rachel 
Jacoby, also a native of Pennsylvania. 

Benjamin F. Byers, of the first generation to change the original 
spelling of the family name, was born at Shippensburg, Cumberland 
county, Pennsylvania, and was there reared to agricultural pursuits. 
In 1866 he purchased land at Jackson Hall, Franklin county, and was 
there engaged in general farming until his death, in 1876. He mar- 
ried Judith "Wingard, who was born at Fayetteville, Pennsylvania, 
which was likewise the birthplace of her father, Jacob Wingard. 
Her grandfather, John Wingard, a life-long resident of that state, 
married Elizabeth Baehtel, a daughter of Samuel Bachtel. Her 
grandfather Baehtel, a native of Germany, emigrated to this country 
in Colonial times, settling in a locality known as Goshenhoppen, in 
Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, and there reared his family. 
Samuel Bachtel was born October i, 1732, and died April 22, 1820. 
He married Anna Simon, who was born in 1735 and died in 1814. Her 
father, Isaac Simon, was_ a native of Prance, who fled from his coun- 
try on account of religious persecution, coming to the United States 
and spending his last years in Pennsylvania. Jacob Wingard, grand- 
father of Mr. Byers, chose the independent occupation of a tiller of the 
soil. He secured title, through inheritance, to a tract of land in 
BVanklin county, Pennsylvania, and in its management was very suc- 
cessful. He invested his surplus money in land, which steadily in- 
creased in value, and he became quite wealthy for his day. He mar- 
ried Hannah Lowry, who, without doubt, spent her entire life in 
Franklin county, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Judith (Wingard) Byers died 
in 1875, one year before her husband's death, leaving four children, 
namely: Elizabeth, deceased; Isaac W., the special subject of this 
brief biographical notice; Anna R., deceased; and Laban, deceased. 

At the death of his mother, when he was scarce seven years of 
age, Isaac W. Byers went to live with his aunt, Mrs. Anna Hade, of 
Greeneastle, Pennsylvania, where he first attended the public schools. 
He subsequently continued his studies at the Keystone State Normal 
School in Kutztown, from which he was graduated with the class of 
1888, having in the meantime taught school one year. Entering then 
Princeton University, at Princeton, New Jersey, Mr. Byers was grad- 
uated from that institution in 1893. Going then to Kentucky, he 
taught in the Princeton Collegiate Institute for a year, in the mean- 
time being admitted to the bar. In 1894 he began the practice of his 
profession in Chicago, Illinois, from there coming, in 1895, to Iron 
River, where he has since built up an extensive and lucrative clientele, 
being now one of the best known and most successful attomeys-at- 
law of this part of the Upper Peninsula. 

Mr. Byers married, in July, 1893, Dora Rosenstock, who was bom 
at Weatherly, Pennsylvania, a daughter of Caspar and Elizabeth 
(Derh) Rosenstock, natives of Germany and Pennsylvania, respec- 
tively. Four children have been bom of the union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Byers, namely: Anna P., Judith E., Benjamin and Ruth. A stanch Re- 
publican in polities, Mr. Byers has served as circuit court commissioner. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 



793 



as prosecuting attorney, as judge of the probate court and as county- 
school examiner. Fraternally he belongs to Iron River Lodge, No. 
162, K. of P., and to Iron River Tent, No. 336, K. 0. T. M. Religiously 
both Mr, and Mrs. Byera are valued members of the Presbyterian 
church. Mr. Byers is a director in the First National Bank of Iron 
River. 

Wn-LiAM L. Masok is widely known as one of the leading lawyers 
of Baraga county, being a member of the firm of Mason & O'Connor, 
of L'Anse. A native of Houghton county, Michigan, he was born, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1865, at the Albany and Boston Mine, a son of Edwin L. Ma^ 
son. He is a descendant of the seventh generation of Sampson Mason, 
a native of England, who fled to Leyden, Holland, to escape religious 
persecution, and afterwards returned to England, but subsequently 
emigrated to America, settling permanently in Plymouth, Massachu- 
setts. The line was continued through Riley Mason, John Mason, Sr., 
John Mason, Jr., and Luther Mason, grandfather of William L., all of 
whom were born in Massachusetts. John Mason, Jr., Mr. Mason's great- 
grandfather, served as a soldier in the Revolutionary war. 

Luther Mason was born, reared and married in the old Bay state. 
Subsequently, accompanied by his family, he pushed forward into the 
vrilds of New York state, making the removal with ox teams, and taking 
all of his worldly goods with him. Becoming one of the early settlers 
of Livingston county, he cleared and improved a farm from the forest, 
and was there engaged in agricultural pursuits until his death. The 
maiden name of his wife was Ruth Luther, who was likewise of Massa- 
chusetts birth. She survived him m'any years, passing away in Roches- 
ter, New York. To her and her husband four children were born and 
reared, namely : Edwin L., 'William R,, Elizabeth and Amy. 

Edwin L. Mason was born on the parental farm in Livingston 
county. New York, and was there reared to habits of industry and hon- 
esty, although his educational advantages as a boy were limited. In 
1854, responding to an advantageous offer, he came to Michigan to 
accept the position of booklseeper for the firm of Leopold & Austrian at 
Eagle River. He afterwards went with the firm to Hancock, Michi- 
gan, in the same capacity, and while there became postmaster at Han- 
cock. He was afterwards a clerk at the Albany and Boston Mine, and 
later at the Franklin Mine. In 1871 he came to the new town of L'Anse, 
to establish, in company with Jay Hubbell, John Chassell, Samuel L. 
Smith and "William Harris, the E. L., Mason & Company's Bank, which 
he operated successfully for upwards of twenty years, continuing his 
residence here until his death, in 1895, at the age of seventy-seven years. 

Edwin L. Mason married Mrs. Rebecca (Turner) Campbell, who 
was bom in Argyleshire, Scotland. By her first marriage she had 
two children, John, of whom a brief sketch appears elsewhere in this 
volume; and Florence Campbell. By her union with Mr. Mason, two 
children also were born, namely: William L., the special subject of 
this sketch; and Edith, wife of Raymond T. Vent, of San Francisco, 
California. Edwin L. Mason was active in local affairs, filling the va- 
rious township and village offices, and serving as judge of probate. 

After eomgjleting the course of study in the public schools of L'Anse, 
William L. Mason attended the Military Academy at Orchard Lake, 
and in 1884 entered the law department of the University of Michigan, 
from which he was graduated with the class of 1886. During the en- 
suing ten years Mr. Mason was engaged in the practice of his profes- 
sion at L'Anse. Going to Detroit, Michigan, in 1896, he continued 



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794 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

there as a lawyer for five years, when he returned to L'Anse, where 
he has since resided, having built up an extensive and lucrative prac- 
tice, since 1908 having been associated with Mr. J. J. O'Connor, as 
above stated. 

Mr. Mason married, in 1888, Grace Mitchell, of Lawton, Michigan. 
Mr. Mason is a sound Republican in politics, and has served as prose- 
cuting attorney of Baraga county. He is prominent in fraternal or- 
ganizations, belonging to Houghton Lodge, No. 218, P. & A. M.; to 
Hancock Gate of the Temple Chapter, No. 33, R. A. M. ; to Palestine 
Commandery, No. 48, K. T. ; to L'Anse Camp, M. "W. A.; and to Pall 
River Tent, No. 351, K. O, T. M. M. 

James H. Molloy. — This well Icnown and highly honored citizen of 
Ishpeming, where he is station agent for the Chicago & Northwestern 
Railroad Company, has been a resident of this favored "north country" 
since his boyhood days and has long been identified with railroad in- 
terests. His popularity is of the most unequivocal order, and as one 
of the representative citizens of the thriving city of Ishpeming he is 
well entitled to recognition in this publication. 

James H. Molloy was born in Pj>umier, Prescott county, in the ex- 
treme eastern part of the Dominion of Canada, on the 7th of April, 
1857, and is a sou of John M, and Mary Ann (Chesser) Molloy, both 
of whom were likewise natives of that country, where they were reared 
and educated and where their marriage was solemnized. Each was 
sixty-nine years at the time of death, and the father passed the closing 
days of his life in Tallapoosa, Georgia; his wife survived him by sev- 
eral years and died at Ishpeming, Michigan. Of the four children the 
subject of this sketch was the second in order of birth and of the number 
three are now living. 

John M. Molloy was long and prominently identified with the great 
lumbering industry in northern Michigan and Wisconsin and was one 
of the sterling pioneers of this section. He established his home in 
Marinette, Wisconsin, in 1865, and for a number of years thereafter he 
had the supervision of all the lumber drives down the Menominee river. 
He was one of the prominent and influential citizens of this section of 
the country, where he ever commanded unqualified confidence and es- 
teem. At the time of the destruction of the village of Peshtigo, Wis- 
consin, in the terrible forest fires of the year 1871, he had charge of the 
supplies sent for the relief of the suffering citizens who had lost every- 
thing in the conflagration mentioned. During the last seven yeara of 
his life he resided in the south. Both he and his wife were members 
of the Episcopal church. 

James H. Molloy, whose name initiates this sketch, gained his rudi- 
mentary education in the schools of the province of Ontario, Canada, 
and was about ten years of age at the time of the family removal to 
Marinette, Wisconsin, where he continued his studies in the public 
schools until he had attained to the age of about fifteen years. In the 
autumn of 1871 he secured the position of messenger boy for the Marin- 
ette ofiiee of the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad, and while thus en- 
gaged he gradually perfected himiself in the art of telegraphy. In 
this connection he finally became manager of the Marinette office of the 
Western Union Telegraph Company and of the telegraph office of the 
railroad just mentioned. Later he was engaged as an extra or supply 
operator by the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad Company at various 
points along the line, and finally he became the company's station agent 
at Quinnesec, Dickinson county, Michigan, where he remained until the 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 795 

24th of July, 1884, when he assumed his present responsible office as 
station and freight agent in the city of Ishpeming, He also has the 
supervision of the shipping of all the iron ore in this section, and this 
traffic constitutes one of the important features of his official business. 
He is known as a careful and able executive and has shown marked 
facility and accuracy in the handling of the manifold details of the 
business entrusted to his care. He is at the present time (1910) presi- 
dent of the Northern Peninsula Division of the Chicago & Northwestern 
Freight Agents' Association, and he is held in high esteem in railroad 
circles and by the traveling public, as well as by the people of his 
home city. 

In politics Mr. MoUoy is a staunch supporter of the cause of the 
Republican party, and he has served as a member of the city council 
of Ishpeming. He was a valued member of this body at the time when 
the present and excellent sewerage system was installed. While a resi- 
dent of Quinnesee, Michigan, he served as village postmaster, and for 
two tenns was treasurer of Quinnesee township. He and his wife are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

On the 9th of January, 1877, was performed the ceremony that 
united the life destinies of Mr. Molloy and Miss Maria L. Liathrop, who 
was born near the city of Marquette, Michigan, and who was the fourth 
in order of birth of the seven children of Azel and Rosana Ann (Hoi- 
land) Lathrop, both of whom; were born in New England. They were 
numbered among the pioneer settlers of Marquette county, Michigan, 
where Mr. Lathrop was engaged in farming and lumbering operations. 
He finally located in the midst of the wilds of Delta county, where he 
reclaimed a farm and where he also founded the village of Lathrop, 
which was named in his honor. He was the first postmaster of the 
town and was one of the most honored and influential citizens of that 
county, where he was called upon to serve in virtually all of the town- 
ship offices of Lathrop township, including those of supervisor and 
treasurer. The township likewise was named in his honor. Both he 
and his wife continued to reside in Lathrop until their death, and of 
their children one son and four daughters are now living. In polities 
Mr. Lathrop was originally a Whig and later a Hepubliean, and both 
he and his wife held to the faith of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
Concerning the children of Mr. and Mrs. Molloy the following brief 
record is entered in conclusion of this sketch : Marcus Q., who is now 
agent for the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad Company, at Daggett, 
Menominee county, Michigan, married Miss Ida Duncan, a native of Ot- 
tawa, Canada, and they have one daughter; Alice L. is the wife of 
Rev. Frank C. Walter, pastor of the Methodist Episcopal church at 
Atlantic Mine, Houghton county, Michigan, and they have two chil- 
dren ; John, the third in order of birth, died in infancy ; James H., Jr., 
is a student in the department of electrical engineering in the Univer- 
sity of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, where he is a member of the class of 
1911; and Maria L. and Carrie C. are students in the Ishpeming high 
school. The family is prominent in the best social life of the commu- 
nity and the attractive home is a center of cordial hospitality. 

Samuel Langdon. — Mining, one of the principal sources from which 
the wealth of the world is derived, is numbered among the leading 
industries of the Upper Peninsula, aod of men that have been active 
in developing the mines of this region is Samuel Langdon, of Iron 
Mountain, a man of industry, energy and sterling worth. He was 
born, December 8, 1850, at Redruth, county Cornwall, England, a son 
of Edward Langdon. 



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796 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Edward Langdon spent his entire life in county Cornwall, being 
employed during his active career as a miner. He married first Mary 
A. Phillips, who died in 1854. He married for his second wife Annie 
Richards, who was born in Cornwall, England, ninety years ago, and 
is now a resident of Iron Mountain, Michigan, where she settled on 
coming to America after the death of her husband. By his first 
marriage Edward Langdon reared five children, as follows: Eliza, 
Edward, William, Samuel and Thomas. Eliza died at the age of 
twenty-three years, and Thomas when but seventeen years old, the 
other three children emigrating to America. By his second mar- 
riage five children also were born, three of whom died in England, 
while the other two, James and Catherine came to America, and are 
now living in Iron Mountain, Catherine being the wife of Samuel Terrill. 

Acquiring his early knowledge in the public schools, Samuel Lang- 
don began working as a miner at the age of fifteen years, and con- 
tinued thus employed in Cornwall county for five years. Desirous 
of advancing his financial opportunities he emigrated then to Amer- 
ica, coming directly to the Upper Peninsula, and the next three years 
was employed at the Calumet and Hecla Mine, in Calumet. He then 
spent a few months in Ishpeming, but not content with his prospects 
returned to Calumet. During the big strike of 1872 he located at 
Ontonagon, where he mined for three years. Going back then to Cal- 
umet, he resumed work at the Calumet and Hecla Mine, continuing 
there until 1879. Mr. Langdon then located at Quinnesec, which was 
then the railroad terminus, all of the territory above that place being 
an unbroken wilderness, and was employed for about two and one- 
half years at the Quinnesec Mine. Coming to Iron Mountain from 
there he was timber boss at the Ludington Mine for twelve years. 
He was subsequently employed at the Maeedon Mine, in Crystal 
Falls, for eight months, after which he was connected with the work- 
ing force at the Pewabic Mine, in Iron Mountain, for a time. Anx- 
ious to broaden his scope of action, Mr. Langdon visited Colorado, 
and for a few months was engaged in his chosen occupation in the 
Ute mine, near Lake City. He returned then to Michigan, and the 
following two years worked in the Pewabic Mine. Making a trip 
then to British Columbia, Mr. Langdon was for three years an em- 
ploye at the famous Silver King Mine, near Nelson. Returning once 
more to Iron Mountain, he bought land about two miles north of the 
city limits, and was engaged in agricultural pursuits for seven years. 
Renting his farm at the expiration of that time, Mr. Langdon has since 
resided at Iron Mountain, and at the present time, in 1910, is running 
an engine at the Pewabic Mine. 

On December 5, 1872, Mr. Langdon married Anna Jane Hambly, 
who was born in St. Austell parish, county Cornwall, England, Novem- 
ber 22, 1856. Joseph Hambly, her father, a native of the same county, 
was there reared and married. Emigrating to this country in 
1858, he located in Ontonagon, Michigan, where, a year later, he was 
joined by his wife and child, who were twenty-two days in crossing 
the Atlantic in a steamship. After working a few years as a miner, 
he was forced to give it up on account of ill health, and for several 
years was employed in teaming between Ontonagon and the Lake. 
Locating then in Iron Mountain, he was here a resident until his 
death, at the age of sixty-eight years, in 1900. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Hannah Rouett, was born in Cornwall, England, and 
died in August, 1906, at Iron Mountain. To them eight children were 
born, as follows: Anna Jane, the only one whose birth oceiirred in 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 797 

England; Katie; Emma; Mary; "William J.; Elza; Nellie; and 
Joseph. 

The union of Mr. and Mrs. Langdon has been blessed by the birth 
of seven children, namely: Edward, Nellie, Joseph, Thomas, James, 
Flora and Alfred. Edward married Laura Trerabath, and they have 
one child, Ronald. Nellie, wife of "W. Ernest Truran, has two chil- 
dren, Beulah and Percival. Joseph died at the age of twenty years, in 
British Cohunbia. Thomas married Martha Vermecelia, and they have 
two children, Roosevelt and Queenetta. James married Winnie Pe- 
terson, and they have two children, Dorothy and Douglas J. Flora, 
wife of John A. Reynolds, has one child, Florence lone. Mr. and Mrs. 
Langdon are conscientious and valued members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and have reared their children in the same religious 
faith. 

Theodore C. Christensen. — Among the sterling citizens and repre- 
sentative business men contributed to the Upper Peninsula of Mich- 
igan by the far Norseland is Mr. Christensen, who has been a resident 
of northern Michigan from his infancy to the present time and who 
is now engaged in the retail grocery business in the city of Menominee, 
where he has a well equipped establishment at 1409 Broadway. He is 
also serving as supervisor of the Fourth ward of the city, and here 
he is held in high esteem as a citizen of unequivocal integrity and 
honor, besides which he may claim prestige as being representative of 
one of the pioneer families of Menominee county. 

Theodore C. Christensen was bom in Christiania, Norway, on the 
10th of May, 1866, and is a son of Ole C. and Olena (Avison) Chris- 
tensen, both likewise natives of Christiania, where the former was 
born on the 2d of June, 1830, and the latter on the 31st of March, 
1831. The father still maintains his home in Menominee and the 
mother was summoned to the life eternal on the 17th of August, 1909. 
Their marriage was solemnized in Christiania on the 11th of June, 
1853, and of their three sons and three daughters two sons and two 
daughters are now living, namely: Emma, who is the wife of Albert 
Larson, editor of the Menominee County Jminial at Stephenson; 
Anna M., who is the wife of Chas. C. Hansen, the present county clerk 
of Menominee county; Axel G., who is janitor of the county court 
house; and Theodore C., whose name initiates this review. 

For a quarter of a century Ole C. Christensen followed a seafaring 
life, and thus upheld the maritime prestige of his sturdy Viking ances- 
tors. He made voyages into all sections of the world and finally, in 
1857, at the earnest desire of his wife, he abandoned the sea and be- 
came superintendent of a gas plant in the city of Christiania. He re- 
tained this position for sixteen years, at the expiration of which, in 
1868, he emigrated with his family to America. From New York city 
he made his way directly to Menominee, Michigan, where he entered 
the employ of the Ludington, Wells & Vance Lumber Company. He 
worked in the woods during the winter season and in the saw mills 
during the summers, and thus he continued his labors lor a number of 
years. He then purchased a tract of land in Stephenson township, 
Menominee county, and turned his attention to agricultural pursuits. 
He reclaimed much of his land to cultivation and made excellent im- 
provements on the same. He was engaged in farming about twelve 
years, at the expiration of which he sold the place and resumed his 
connection with lumbering operations, with which he continued to be 
identified until 1897, since which time he has lived virtually retired. 



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798 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

In politics he is a staunch adherent of the Republican party, and he 
taken an intelligent interest in public affairs, as a loyal and appre- 
ciative citizen of his adopted country. He is a member of the Swed- 
ish Mission church in Menominee, and of the same his wife also was a 
devoted member. 

Theodore C. Christensen was about two years of age at the time of 
the family emigration to the United States, and to the public schools 
of Menominee he is indebted for his early educational training. His 
first teacher was Professor J. W. Bird, and it is interesting to record 
that later it was his privilege to gain his initial business experience 
in a grocery store conducted by Professor Bird. In 1888 Mr. Chris- 
tensen engaged in the logging business on his own responsibility, and 
he continued operations in this line until 1892, when he became a sales- 
man in the retail grocery of Frank Penberthy, of Menominee, with 
whom he remained until 1894, when he became shipping clerk in the 
wholesale grocery house of Somerville, Cook & Penberthy, which firm 
was later succeeded by the present Carpenter-Cook Company. For 
a time Mr. Christensen was in the employ of McNeeley & Company, 
grocers, and in 1897 he became associated with his brother-in-law, C. 
C. Hansen in a retail grocery business, under the firm name of Hansen 
& Company. In July, 1899, he purchased his partner's interest and he 
has since conducted the enterprise under his own name. He has a 
well appointed store and through effective service and honorable deal- 
ings he has gained a substantial patronage, so that he is one of the 
prosperous business men of the city in which practically his entire 
life has been passed. 

In politics Mr. Christensen is arrayed as a staunch supporter of the 
cause of the Republican party, and he has at all times observed to the 
fullest extent the duties devolving upon him as a citizen. The confi- 
dence in which he is held in his home city is evidenced by the fact that 
he has served continuously as supervisor of the Fourth ward since 
1904, by consecutive re-election. He has proved a valuable member 
of the county board of supervisors and has done all in his power to 
conserve wise administration of the county and city affairs. He is 
affiliated with Menominee Lodge, No. 133, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and Goodtown Tent, No. 714, Knights of the Modern Macca- 
bees, and both he and his wife are zealous members of the Norwegian 
Lutheran church. 

In March, 1893, Mr. Christensen was united in marriage to Miss 
Emma Johnson, who was bom in Norway and who is a daughter of 
John and Thilda (Miller) Johnson, both of whom were born in the 
vicinity of Christiania. Of the six children four are living and Mrs. 
Christensen is the eldest of the number; Jennie is the wife of Gust 
Peterson, of Iron Mountain, Michigan; Josephine is the wife of John 
Swanson, of the same city ; and William is likewise a resident of Iron 
Mountain. John Jonson emigrated with his family to America in the 
year 1870 and took up his residence in Marinette, Wisconsin. He is 
an iron moulder by trade and at Marinette he was employed at his 
trade by the Prescott Company for a period of about fifteen years. 
He then removed to Pennsylvania, but a few years later he took up 
his residence in Iron- Mountain, Michigan, where he is now living re- 
tired. He is a Republican in politics and both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church. Mr. and Mrs. Christensen 
have two children, — Paul, who was bom on the 20th of October, 1894; 
and Elmer, who was born on the 11th of November, 1896. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 799 

John McKbe. — The subject of this review is engaged in the stove 
and furniture business in the city of Sault Ste. Marie and is numbered 
among the representative citizens of this flourishing city, where he 
is held in uniform confidence and esteem. 

Mr. McKee is a native of Ayrshire, Scotland, where he was born 
on the 11th of May, 1839, being a son of James and Jane McKee, the 
former of whom attained to the age of more than four score years, 
and the latter of whom was sixty-two years of age at the time of her 
death, which occurred in Lawrence, Massachusetts. Of the ten chil- 
dren only four are living,— Jean ette, John, James and Margaret, Mr. 
McKee was reared to maturity in his native land, where he received 
the advantages of the common schools and where he remaiued until 
1861, in August of which year he emigrated to America. He landed 
in the city of Quebec, Canada, and thence made his way to Toronto, 
from which place he removed to Lawrence, Massachusetts. After 
five years there he moved to Acton, province of Ontario, Canada, 
where he was engaged in buying and shipping wool and grain. In 
1873 Mr. McKee came to Chippewa county, Michigan, and purchased 
eighty acres of land located seven miles south of Sault Ste. Marie. 
He remained on this farm only a short time and then returned to the 
proWnce of Ontario, where he resided until 1880, when he again came 
to Chippewa county and secured another tract of land twelve and 
one-half miles south of Sault Ste, Marie, where he reclaimed a farm 
from the wilderness. He remained on this farm for six years, at the 
expiration of which time he moved to Sault Ste. Marie for the pur- 
pose of affording his children better educational advantages, and 
here he was engaged in the draying business until 1887, when he 
established himself in the stove and furniture business, with which 
he has since been identified and in which connection he has built up 
a prosperous enterprise. 

In politics Mr. McKee gives his allegiance to the Republican 
party, and he is a zealous Presbyterian. He is affiliated with the 
Bethel Lodge, No. 358, Free and Accepted Masons; Sault Ste. Marie 
Chapter, No. 126, Royal Arch Masons, of which he is a charter mem- 
ber; and he is president of the Caledonia Club. 

On the 22d of February, 1869, was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr. McKee to Miss Elenora Dempsey, and for thirty years they passed 
down the pathway of life together, the idyllic association being 
severed by the death of Mrs. McKee on the 26th of April, 1899. Con- 
cerning the four children, the following brief data are given: Francis 
J. died at the age of twenty-nine years; Maude M, is the wife of 
R. E. Mimmo, of Sault Ste. Marie; Nora B. is the wife of Gale E. 
Hendry and resides in the city of Los Angeles, California; and John 
was drowned at the age of six years. 

Rev. Peter Charles Menabd, pastor of St. Ann Parish in Escanaba, 
was born in Vercheres, Canada, October 27, 1845. He spent his boyhood 
days in his native place, and there received his primary education. After 
graduating at Joliette College, he attended the Grand Seminary at Mon- 
treal, and there graduated in a theological course. He was ordained 
in the church in Marquette, Michigan, April 23, 1875. His first charge 
was at Menominee, Michigan, where he spent five years. He was next 
stationed at Lake Linden for fourteen years, and in 1892 came to Es- 
canaba. There are some four hundred families under his charge, al- 
though when he first came here there was but a small congregation. In 
his pastorate the membership has increased greatly, and the school has 



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800 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

been maeh enlarged; the congregation have built the priest's house and 
convent, and doubled the property, and where they formerly owned 
three lots they now have six. The school has some three hundred and 
fifty pupils, with a corps of ten teachers. There is also an assistant 
pastor, Reverend Father Blin. 

Father Menard is an eloquent, zealous worker for the faith, and un- 
tiring in his efforts for the good of his people. His family are of French 
descent, and the emigrant ancestor came to Canada in 1657, from St. 
Malo, France. Father Menard's father was a lawyer in Canada. 
Highly esteemed Father Menard stands well in the community, is in- 
terested in every good cause and has won the affection of his people. He 
has the largest parish in the city of Bscanaba. 

Bev. Thomas R. Easterdat.— No citizen of Sault Ste. Marie is more 
emphatically revered in the community than this honored pioneer 
clergyman, who has here maintained his residence for nearly half a 
century and whose life has been consecrated to the uplifting of his 
fellowmen, not only along spiritual lines but also in educational, so- 
cial, and productive channels. 

For nearly eighteen years Mr. Basterday was pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church of Sault Ste. Marie and his ecclesiastical func- 
tions have touched the community closely and beneficently even as 
have his labors in the cause of popular education and in behalf of civie 
and material progress. Ever mindful of his stewardship and bring- 
ing to bear the splendid forces of a strong and noble nature, he has 
made an indelible impress upon the history of the city and state in 
which he has so long maintained his home, and the reverent affection 
accorded him by young and old in Chippewa county testifies to the 
popular appreciation of his faithful services as one of the world's 
great army of workers ; and also indicates the intrinsic kindliness and 
tolerance and humanitarian ism of the man himself. Any publication 
touching upon the lives and deeds of those who have been prominently 
identified with the annals of the Northern Peninsula of Michigan would 
stultify its consistency were there failure to accord a grateful tribute 
to Rev. Thomas R. Easterday who, though venerable in years, is still 
found actively engaged in productive labors for the good of his fellow 
men, as he has for the past fifteen years been incumbent of the office 
of Commissioner of Schools for Chippewa county. 

Rev. Thomas R. Easterday was born in KJiox township, Jefferson 
county, Ohio, on the 27th day of October, 1837. He is a son of Daniel 
and Jane (Robertson) Easterday, whose marriage was solemnized in 
that county in 1836. Daniel Easterday likewise was a native of Jef- 
ferson county and was a member of one of the sterling pioneer families 
of that section of the old Buckeye state. 

The lineage of the Easterday family is traced back to patrician 
German origin, and the name has been identified with American his- 
tory since 1575, when the parents of Martin Easterday, great-grand- 
father of the subject of this review, immigrated from the vicinity of 
Stuttgart, Germany, and settled in eastern Pennsylvania or New Jer- 
sey. In America the name was translated from its German form, Os- 
tertag, to Easterday. Martin Easterday served as a soldier in the 
Continental line in the war of the Revolution and after the close 
thereof he engaged in agricultural pursuits in eastern Pennsylvania. 
His son Christian, next in line of direct descent to him whose name in- 
itiates this review, was born in Pennsylvania and he became the 
founder of the family in Ohio. Both he and Thomas Robertson, mater- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 801 

nal grandfather of Mr. Basterday, immigrated from Pennsylvania to 
Ohio and secured tracts of wild land on the Ohio river, near the pres- 
ent city of Steubenville. Thomas Robertson was of Seotch-Irish line- 
age and his wife, whose maiden oame was McJIillan, was a cousin of 
Hon. Andrew G. Curtin, governor of Pennsylvania at the time of the 
Civil war, and later United States minister to Russia. Representa- 
tives of the Robertson family were found aligned as patriot soldiers 
in the war of the Revolution. Both this family and the Robertson 
family also contributed loyal soldiers to the war of 1812, the Mexican 
war and the Civil war, and the respective names have ever stood ex- 
ponent of the deepest patriotism. John Robertson, father of Thomas 
Robertson just mentioned, married a daughter of General Brady, the 
distinguished Revolutionary officer, and in honor of this renowned an- 
cestor of Mr. Easterday's it is interesting to state that Fort Brady, 
located at Sault Ste. Marie, was named. 

Daniel and Jane {Robertson) Easterday became the parents of six 
sons and three daughters, and of this number all the sous and two 
daughters are now living, being residents of the state of Nebraska 
except the subject of this review and one brother now living in Palo 
Alto, California, and two sisters living in San Diego, California. Dan- 
iel Easterday removed with his family from Ohio to Montgomery 
coimty, Illinois, in 1851, where he was a prosperous farmer and highly 
honored citizen for a period of fully a quarter of a century. In 1883 
he removed to Nebraska and in the city of Lincoln, that state, he passed 
the closing years of his life. He died on the 23d of June, 1900, at the 
venerable age of eighty-eight years, his cherished and devoted wife 
having been summoned to the life eternal on the 31st of December, 
1891. Both were earnest and zealous members of the Evangelical 
Lutheran church and exemplified their faith in their daily lives, which 
were consecrated to all that is good and true in the scheme of human 
existence. 

Rev. Thomas R. Easterday gained his rudimentary education in 
the common schools of Jefferson county, Ohio, and was a lad of about 
fourteen at the time of the family removal to Illinois. At Spring- 
field, that state, he continued his educational work, and one of his 
schoolmates was Robert T. Lincoln, son of President Lincoln and now 
a representative citizen of Chicago. Mr. Easterday well recalls the 
martyred president and his youthful admiration for this distinguished 
patriot and statesman has continued throughout his mature years, 
Mr. Easterday attended college and seminary for a period of seven 
years, and was unfaltering in his ambition to acquire a liberal edu- 
cation. In 1862 he was graduated from Illinois State University at 
Springfield, from which he received the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
In 1864 from the Lutheran Seminary the degree of B. D. and in 1889 
from Pennsylvania Ph. D., and three years later his alma mater con- 
ferred upon him the degree of Master of Arts. He was ordained to 
the ministry in the Lutheran church by the Synod of Northern Illinois 
in October 1865 at Princeton, Illinois, having been licensed to preach 
two years before, and at once transferred his ecclesiastical connection 
to the Presbytery of Lake Superior. His first regular pastoral charge 
was assumed when he came to Sault Ste. Marie and became pastor of 
the First Presbyterian church, on Christmas day of the year 1864. 
Data concerning this church and his connection therewith are well 
worthy of reproduction in this sketch. 

Records indicate that the Presbyterian church in Sault Ste. Marie 
was organized on the 28th of February, 1854. by Rev. William McCul- 



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802 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

lough, who had been holding services here for four months prior to 
the effecting of a permanent organization. The society held its meet- 
ings in the school house during the time that its building, the main 
part of the present old edifice, was being erected. The church was 
dedicated in 1855 and Mr, McCullough remained as its pastor for some- 
what less than two years thereafter. Prom that time forward the 
church had no regular pastoral incumbent until nearly ten years 
later, when Mr. Easterday assumed the charge. The eleven members 
of the church at the time of its organigation were Philetus S. Church, 
Elizabeth Church, L, L. and Phoebe Nichols, Joseph and Jane Mason, 
Charles T. Harvey, Julia Hopkins, Olive W. McKnight, Adaline Jones, 
and Maria Spaulding. This is by several months the oldest Presbyterian 
church in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. The first Board of Di- 
rectors comprised Philetus S. Church, L. L. Nichols, and the former 
continued in the position of senior elder for thirty years, his tenure 
of the same ending with his death, in 1884. 

Rev. Thomas R. Easterday assumed pastoral charge of the church 
on Christmas day of the year ]864. He soon brought about a reorgan- 
ization, beginning with a list of seven members. He labored with all 
his consecrated zeal and devotion in the discharge of the duties of his 
pastorate for seventeen and one-half years, and his work was attended 
by distinctive growth in the spiritual and temporal well-being of the 
society. A paralytic stroke finally compelled him to resign and he re- 
tired from the pastorate in 1880. 

Concerning Mr. Easterday's labors in Sault Ste. Marie the follow- 
ing appreciative words have been written: "He has not only been 
interested in religious and moral training but has also given an almost 
equally devoted attention to the cause of popular education. He has 
fought valiantly for the divorcement of church and school and for the 
securing of the graded high school system which is now a source of 
pride to the city in which he has so long maintained his home. He 
introduced the resolution for the appropriation of the first one thou- 
sand dollars for the erection of the present high school building, and 
drafted the memorial to Congress by which the United States govern- 
ment gave the grounds occupied by the building." 

Mr. Easterday cast his first vote for President Lincoln, and dur- 
ing the long intervening years he has never wavered in his allegiance 
to the Republican party, in whose local camp he has given most effect- 
ive service. In 1892 he came within thirteen votes of being elected 
county treasurer. He met defeat in the contest as representative of 
his district in the state senate. In 1895 he was elected commissioner 
of schools for Chippewa county and by successive re-elections he has 
continued incumbent of this responsible office during the long inter- 
vening period of fifteen years, Ilis present term will expire Decem- 
ber 31, 1912. The public school system of this county owes a debt of 
perpetual gratitude to Mr. Easterday for his administration of his 
present office, which has been essentially progressive, discriminating 
and faithful, resulting in concrete results of the most gratifying order, 
as the school system of Chippewa county will compare favorably with 
that of any other county in the state and is maintained at the highest 
standard. 

Mr. Easterday has been a veritable pillar of strength in the church 
of which he has was so long the beloved pastor, and his services have 
been enlisted since his retirement in much work of a ministerial order 
—particularly in the officiating at christenings, marriages and fimer- 
als. He has officiated at the marriage of young persons whose 



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THE NOItTHERX PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 803 

respective parents and grandparents were likewise nnited in the same 
holy bonds by his interposition. He has been the guide, counselor, 
and fiiend of the succeeding generations, has comforted those "in any 
ways afflicted in mind, body or estate," and has shown at all times 
that gracious faith that makes faithful. His heart is attuned to the 
deepest of human sympathy and he has comforted and sustained hun- 
dreds of those whose loved ones have been laid to rest under his 
charge. His encouragement and admonition have enabled young men 
to achieve success of pronounced order, and his practical ability lias 
also enabled him to accumulate a comfortable competency for himself. 
No citizen is better known in Chippewa county than this venerable 
clergyman and able public official, and he is loved and revered alike 
by young wid old in the community in which he has so long lived and 
labored to goodly ends. He has shown during the long years that have 
elapsed since he came to Sault Ste. Marie, a deep interest in all that 
has touched the material and civic prosperity of the city and has him- 
self contributed appreciably to the work of development and progress. 
The late Hon, Henry P. Baldwin, a former governor of the state and 
long one of the most honored and inSuential citizens of Detroit, offered 
many years ago to establish a bank in Sault Ste. Marie if Mr. Easter- 
day would assume charge of the same, but the latter felt that he could 
not withdraw from the work of his church for this purpose and thus 
declined the overtures. ' There was no banking institution in this 
city at the time this proffer was made. lie has been a member of the 
high school board of his home city for thirty-nine years, and in all 
other ways has shown himself loyal to every civic duty. 

In 1863 Mr, Easterday was raised to the degree of Master Mason in 
Tyrian Lodge, No. 333, Free and Accepted Masons, at Springfield, Il- 
linois, Orlin H. Minor, Sec, of State, Master, and he has been a most 
appreciative adherent of the time honored fraternity, in which he has 
attained to the thirty-second degree of the Ancient Accepted Scottish 
Rite, His Masonic affiliations at the present time are here briefly 
noted: Bethel Lodge, No. 358, Free and Accepted Masons of Sault 
Ste. Marie, of which he is past master; Sault Ste, Marie Chapter, No. 
126, Royal Arch filasons; Sault Ste. Marie Council, No. 69, Royal and 
Select Masters; Sault Ste. Marie Commandery, No, 58, Knights Tem- 
plars; DeWitt Clinton Consistory, Ancient Accepted Scottish Eite, in 
the city of Grand Rapids, and Ahmed Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, at Marquette, this state. 

In the city of Springfield, Illinois, on the 24th day of December, 
1862, was solemnized the marriage of Mr, Easterday to Miss Leora J, 
Tyson, who was born at Utica, Michigan, on the 6th of January, 1844, 
and who is a daughter of the late John R, Tyson, a native of Lincoln- 
shire, England. Mrs. Easterday has proved a devoted wife and help- 
meet and she and her husband have passed down the pathway of life to- 
gether for a period of forty-eight years, sustained and comforted by 
mutual love and sympathy. Of their three children the eldest, Lillie, 
died at the age of seven months; Rosa L., who died in Sault Ste. Marie 
on the 10th of December, 1897, was the wife of Dr, Thomas N. Rogers, 
who, with his two sons, now resides in the home of Mr. Easterday. The 
two sons of Dr. Rogers are Edison E. and Dan Tyson, both of whom are 
attending the public schools. Oro Thomas, the only living child of Mr, 
and Mrs. Easterday, was bom in Sault Ste. Marie and he was a resident 
of Pasadena, California, for five years but is again a resident of this 
city engaged with Edward Demar, architect. He married Miss Harriet 



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804 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

Danforth, daughter of William Danforth, a resident of California, and 
they have one son, Prank Russell, who was born on the 1st of January, 
1909, in Pasadena, California. 

William J. Uren was born at the Mfadison mine, Keweenaw county, 
Michigan, December 4, 1863, and is a son of Richard and Jane Uren. 
After attending the public schools, in 1880 he entered the employ of 
the Lake Superior Native Copper Works at Houghton, and engaged m the 
smelting and manufacturing of copper. 

Prom 1882 to 1885 he was at the Wolverine mine engaged m 
general mining. In 1886 he matriculated at the Michigan College of 
Mines, completing the course in 1888. In 1889 was connected with 
the Tamaraek-Osceola Copper Manufacturing Company at Dollar 
Bay, and in the same year became connected with the Mineral Range 
and Hancock & Calumet Railroads, at Hancock, Michigan, as Civil 
Engineer. In 1895 he became connected with the Lake Superior Iron 
Works, Hancock, and in 1899 with the Trimountain and Elm River 
Mining Companies as Assistant Superintendent. In 1903 he became 
connected with the Ahmeek, Isie Royale, Osceola Consolidated, Seneca 
and Tamarack Miining Companies as Assistant Superintendent, and in 
1905 was appointed General Superintendent of these Companies, 
which position he still occupies. 

He was married to Emma L. Forbes, of Plainwell, Michigan, 
October 5, 1895. They are the parents of four children: Richard P., 
bom July 19, 1898, Mary A., bom December 3, 1901, William J., bom 
March 25, 1903, and Alice Margaret, born March &, 1906. 

Mr. Uren's fraternal affiliations extends to the Masons and Elks. 
He is a Director of the Calumet State Bank. 

Richard Uken was bom in Cornwall, England, January 10, 1835. 
He emigrated to America in 1851, reaching Houghton in September 
of that year. He worked as a miner from 1851 to 1855, and then 
formed a partnership with his brother John in a lease of the Copper 
Palls mine of Keweenaw county. After the expiration of this lease 
in 1859, he engaged as Mining Captain of the same mine and served 
until 1863, then forming a partnership with Dunstone and Blight, 
for the manufacture of safety fuse, at Eagle River. The machinery 
used was invented by him. 

He was then appointed agent of the Madison, Winthrop and Dana 
mines. In 1864 he was agent of the Pewabic and Franklin mines, 
resigning in 1868. He then went to California and established a 
safety fuse works. 

Returning to Lake Superior in January 1872, he leased the Pew- 
abic and Pranklin mines which he operated until July 1874. He was 
next agent again of the Madison mine. In 1877 he became interested in 
gold mining in the Black Hills, Dakota. Returning to Lake Superior 
he became interested in the Lake Superior Native Copper Works in 
1880, as Secretary and Treasurer. He became interested in the 
Wolverine mine in 1881, as part owner and agent. 

Mr. Uren was married in Cornwall, England, August 11, 1859, to 
Miss Jane Nicholas, daughter of William Nicholas. They had five 
children: Elizabeth, died aged five years; Mary A., died aged seven 
months; William J.; Bessie, died when twenty-nine years; and Mary, 
died aged twenty-four years. Mr. Uren died March 12, 1897, and 
Mrs. Uren died September 13, 1902. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSL'LA OP MICHIGAN 805 

Dr. William Auveegne Lemikb, one of the leading physicians and 
surgeons of Escanaba, was born in Nicollet, Canada, April 23, 1877. 
He is a son of Eugene and Denese (Pinard) Lemire, the father a native 
of Canada, and the mother of Connecticut. Mrs. Lemire was a school 
teacher, and she and her husband came to the Northern Peninsula in 
1877, locating at Houghton. They now live on a farm some eight 
miles out of Houghton. Of their thirteen children, Dr. Lemire is the 
oldest, and nine are living at the present time. 

Dr. Lemire was about one month old when his parents located in 
Houghton, Michigan; he received his early education in the public 
schools of Houghton, and in 1894 was graduated from the literary 
course at St. Viateur's College, at Kankakee, Illinois. In 1899 he was 
graduated from the St. Louis College of Physicians and Surgeons, and 
in the fall of that year located at Garden, Delta county, Michigan. In 
1903 he removed to Escanaba, where he has since remained in the suc- 
cessful practice of his profession. 

Dr. Lemire is a member of Delta County Medical Society, of which 
he is secretary; he is also a member of the State and American Med- 
ical societies. He has served since 1907 as County Physician, and is 
surgeon at the County Hospital, and has been elected a member of the 
Board of Education. He has been almost a lifelong resident of the 
Northern Peninsula, and takes an active interest in public affairs. He 
was president of the Village of Garden, and resigned this post upon re- 
moving to Escanaba. He is aifiliated with the Knights of Columbus, 
and a member of the three local French societies, being medical exam- 
iner for all of them. 

Dr. Lemire married, in 1901, Isabel McDonald, and they have four 
children, namely: Myrtle Isabel, Loretta Lula, Catherine Mary and 
William Auvergne. 

NoBMAN McDoNALD.^ — Although the possessor of a typically Scottish 
name, Norman McDonald was not born in the land of the thistle, but 
is a native of Germany. No matter under what flag his birth occurred, 
he has become a thorough American and has enjoyed prosperity in the 
land of hia adoption, having come to be known as one of the most suc- 
cessful and substantial business men in the locality and a capitalist 
whose judgment is entitled to the greatest consideration. Mr. McDonald 
was born in Germany in October, 1863, his parents being Daniel and 
Mary McDonald. There he passed the first six years of his life, his par- 
ents bringing him to America in 1869. They landed at Castle Garden, 
New York city, and went almost immediately to Canada, it being the 
father's intention to secure employment in the copper min^. He after- 
wards became interested as an employer, and subsequently came to Calu- 
ment, Michigan, where he devoted his energies to the mining industry 
up to the time of his death, which occurred in Red Jacket about the 
year 1898. His wife survived him and died two years later. 

Norman McDonald passed the greater part of his boyhood and youth 
in Calumet and owes his education to her public schools. Soon after 
leaving their portals he worked for his father in the mines and began to 
acquire that knowledge of mining in its many phases which has since 
proved very valuable to him. In later years his father identified him- 
self with the drug business, and after his death Mr, McDonald took 
charge of his store, which was located on Fifth street, and later became 
sole proprietor of the drug stock. He continued successfully in this line 
until 1903, when he disposed of the concern and invested his money in 
copper mining stock. His success has been notable, and he has realized 



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806 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

very handsomely on almost every investment which his judgment and 
foresight have led him to make. Although by no means an old man, he 
is living in semi -retirement, his business interests being such as to re- 
quire the greater part of his time and attention, although not identi- 
fied actively with any concern. 

In 1897 Mr. McDonald was married to Miss Margaret King, daughter 
of Richard King, an old and much respected resident of Calumet. To 
this union was born one son, now deceased. The magnificent McDonald 
residence was erected in 1906, and is a credit to Laurium, being hand- 
some in appearance and modem in all its appointments. The- Masonic 
affiliations of this gentleman play a pleasant part in his life, these ex- 
tending to Calumet lodge, F. & A. M., and to Calumet Chapter, R. A. M. 
He and his wife are members of the Methodist church. 

John James. — A prominent public-spirited citizen of Iron Mountain, 
John James has been a resident of this place for many years, and as 
a man of sound sense and good judgment his influence and assistance 
are always sought in behalf of undertakings for the public good and 
the advancement of the best interests of the city. He has served the 
city in various oflieial positions, at the present time being a member 
of the board of education. A native of England, he was born, March 
23, 1857, in the parish of Saint Agnes, county Cornwall, and with the 
exception of his brother, "William II., was the only member of the pa- 
rental family to come to America. On emigrating to the United States, 
"William H. James settled at Iron Mountain, where, in June, 1892, he 
was accidentally drowned, leaving a widow and three children. 

Educated in a parochial school, John James began working as a 
wage-earner when but thirteen years old in the mines at Cornwall. 
Three years later he went to county Durham and was employed in the 
mines of that county and in Yorkshire until 1880. On May 4 of that 
year he sailed from Liverpool for America, and a week later landed 
in New York. Going from there to Pittston, Pennsylvania, he re- 
mained there a few months, working in the mines, and was afterward 
employed in the mines at Mount Hope, New Jersey, until May, 1881. 
Pushing his way westward, Mr. James located in the new town of Iron 
Mountain and became one of the first operators in the Millie Mine. 
Going a few months later with Captain "Wicks to Keel Ridge, he re- 
mained there until March, 1882, when he began work at the Chapin 
mine, at which during the summer months he was night time keeper 
and afterwards was promoted to the position of chief time keeper, an 
office which he filled six years. He was then made bookkeeper, Thomas 
Cole being cashier and C. H. Cady, superintendent. 

In September, 1891, Mr. James resigned his position to engage in 
the grocery business, but at the end of a few months he retired from 
mercantile pursuits to become time keeper at the Ludington mine. 
In the ensuing fall that mine was inundated, and all work ceased. 
Going to Negaunee, Marquette county, in the spring of 1892, Mr. James 
was bookkeeper at the Buffalo group of mines with T. F. Cole. A 
few months later he became bookkeeper at the Dunn mine, of which 
Captain S. C. Bennett was superintendent. In December, 1892, Mr, 
James was transferred, with an increased salary, to the Aragon mine, 
in Norway, where he was bookkeeper until the panic of 1893, when 
the mine was closed and he sought a new field of operation, becoming 
agent for the Northwestern Accident Association. In May, 1894, Mr. 
James became special agent for the Northwestern Mutual Life Insur- 
ance Company, and on January 1, 1895, was promoted to his present 
position as district manager for the same company. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 807 

Mr. James married, August 7, 1882, Amelia Skinner, who was bom 
in county Cornwall, England, and reared in county Durham. Nine 
children have been bom of their union, namely: Bessie, who died 
at the age of twelve years ; Horace ; Ethel ; Harold ; Garnet ; Gladys ; 
Clarence ; Ruth ; and Irving. In his political affiliations Mr. James is 
identified with the Republican party, and for a number or years has 
been a member of the board of education of Iron Mountain. For two 
years he served as alderman from the Fifth ward, and has repre- 
sented that ward on the county board of supervisors. Fraternally 
he is a member of Iron Mountain Lodge, No. 388, P. & A. M., which he 
served as master two years ; of Iron Mountain Chapter, No. 121, R. A. 
M., of which he was high priest two years ; of Darius Council, No. 75, 
R. & S. M. ; of Hugh McCurdy Commandery, No. 43, K. T. ; of Saladin 
Temple, Order of the Mystic Shrine ; and of De Witt Clinton Consist- 
ory, at Grand Rapids, True to the religious beliefs in which they 
were reared, Mr. and Mrs. James are members of the Episcopal church, 
of Iron Mountain, in the organization of which Mr. James was espe- 
cially active and which he has served as lay reader, Mrs. James ia 
also a valued member of the Ladies' Guild. 

Alfred B. Strykeb. — One of the alert and loyal business men who 
have within recent years put forth such effective efforts in advancing 
the civic and material progress of the city of Menominee is he whose 
name initiates this paragraph and who holds an impregnable posi- 
tion as one of the representative business men of this city, where he 
is held in unqualified confidence and esteem. 

Alfred Breisch Stryker reverts with due measure of satisfaction 
to the fact that he can claim the fine old Keystone state of the Union 
as the place of his nativity. He was born in Milford township, Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania, on the 23rd of September, 1852, and is a son 
of Samuel and Catherine (Breisch) S'tryker, both of whom are like- 
wise natives of Bucks county, Pennsylvania, where the former was 
born in 1818 and the latter in 1819. They continued their residence 
in the Keystone state throughout their entire lives, the mother hav- 
ing passed away in 1859 and the father in 1867. Of their ten chil- 
dren four are now living, and the subject of this sketch was the 
eighth in order of birth. The father was a tinsmith by trade and 
followed this for a long period of years, besides which he was actively 
identified with agricultural pursuits, having owned a well-improved 
farm in his native county. He was a man of strong individuality 
and excellent mental attainments, and in his younger years he was a 
successful and popular teacher in the public schools of his native 
state for fourteen winter terms. For fifteen consecutive years he 
served as township assessor and he was a citizen of prominence and 
influence in his community. His political allegiance was given to 
the Democratic party and both he and his wife held membership in 
the Lutheran church. 

Alfred B. Stryker passed his boyhood on the home farm, and in 
the meanwhile availed himself of the advantages of the district schools, 
which he continued to attend until he was fourteen years of age, 
when the death of his father rendered it expedient for him to assume 
the practical responsibilities of life. When thirteen years of age he 
entered upon an apprenticeship at the cigar-makers' trade in a cigar 
factory in Milford, Pennsylvania, where he was employed during the 
winters, and during the summer seasons he devoted his attention to 
farm work. He thus continued until 1870, when he came to the west. 



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808 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

In April of the following year lie took up his residence in Menominee, 
where he worked at his trade until the 15th of September, 1873, when 
he initiated his independent career as a manufacturer of and dealer 
in cigars. He is now to be designated as the pioneer cigar manu- 
facturer of this section of the state, and through his well directed 
efforts and honorable methods he has built up a large and prosperous 
enterprise. He has also identified himself with various other lines of 
business and is now one of the substantial capitalists of Menominee. 
He is a stockholder and director of the Lumbermen's National Bank; 
is a stockholder in the Richardson Shoe Manufacturing Company ; 
and is a stockholder in the Menominee & Marinette Traction & Light 
Company. He has contributed to the full extent of all his powers to 
all the enterprises that have tended to promote the upbuilding of 
Menominee, in which place he took up his residence before it was 
incorporated and which has since expanded to a city of more than 
fifteen thousand population. In 1882 he was elected clerk of Menom- 
inee township, and from 1887 to 1889, inclusive, he was incumbent 
of the office of county treasurer. From 1896 to 1898 he held the office 
of county road commissioner. His retention of these responsible of- 
fices gives evidence of the high esteem in which he is held in the county 
which has so long represented his home. His political support is given 
to the Democratic party, and he has been an active worker in its local 
ranks. In the Masonic fraternity Mr. Stryker is identified with Me- 
nominee Lodge, No. 269, Free & Accepted Masons; Menominee Chap- 
ter, No. 107, Royal Arch Masons; Menominee Commandery, No. 35, 
Knights Templars; and Ahmed Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of the 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, at Marquette, Michigan. His wife holds 
membership in the Lutheran church. 

On the 25th of November, 1875, was solemnized the marriage of 
.Mr. Stryker and Miss Mary M. Sherman, who was born near Lake 
Geneva, "Wisconsin, and who is a daughter of William Sherman, a 
native of Indiana, She was the youngest in a family of five children 
and was an infant at the time of her parents' death. 

GusTAv ToLLEN.— Noteworthy among the thriving, prosperous and 
law-abiding citizens of Iron Mountain is Gustav Toll en, superintendent 
of the Oliver Mining Company's hydraulic works, and who is held in 
high respect as a man of upright principles and sterling integrity. A 
native of Norway, he was born, November 28, 1850, in the seaport 
town of Drammen, which is located twenty-eight English miles from 
Christiana. His father, an iron master or, in other words, a manufac- 
turer of spikes, was a life-long resident of Norway. Five of his chil- 
dren, however, emigrated to America, settling here permanently, 
namely : John, Gustav, Andrew, Oscar and Jenny. 

Completing his early studies in the public schools, Gustav Tollen 
began working in his father's factory when fifteen years old, contin- 
uing with him two years. He was subsequently employed in railroad 
work a number of years, the latter part of the time being an engineer. 
Emigrating to this country in 1880, Mr, Tollen made his way directly 
to Iron Mountain, which was then but a small hamlet, although it was 
growing with rapidity. Securing a position with the Menominee Min- 
ing Company, he was for two years employed as master mechanic at 
their mine in Florence, Wisconsin, but since that time has had charge 
of the hydraulic works at Iron Mountain, which is now the property 
of the Oliver Mining Company, the successors of the Menominee Min- 
ing Company. His long record of continuous service in this position, 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 809 

a period of twenty-eight years, bears speaking evidence of Mr. Tol- 
len's ability and fidelity, 

Mr. ToUen married, in 1876, Laura Peterson, a native of Kings- 
bury, Norway, and they have one son, Gustav Tolien, Jr. In his polit- 
ical relations Mr. Tolien is a Republican, and in religion both he and Mrs. 
Tolien are members of the Lutheran church. 

Maetin Voetsch, — Noteworthy among the public officials of Baraga 
county is Martin Voetsch, of L'Anse, a man of high principles and 
broad general information, who has satisfactorily served as county 
clerk and register of deeds during the past eight years. He was born 
March 25, 1872, in L'Anse, coming from thrifty German stock. 

His father, Martin Voetsch, Sr., was born and reared in Wurtem- 
berg, Germany, the life-long home of his parents. Emigrating as a 
young man to the United States, he came directly to the Upper Penin- 
sula, being an early settler of Keweenaw county. He began his career 
in this new country as a miner, but later conducted boarding houses at 
different mine locations in the copper regions. Becoming a pioneer of 
the village of L'Anse in 1871, he opened one of the first hotels in this 
place, and while catering to the wants of the public was also engaged 
in the timber and wood business, supplying different mines with these 
needed products of the forests. Here he resided until his death, in 
1883. The maiden name of the wife of Martin Voetsch, Sr,, was Ur- 
sula Keifer. She was born in Germany, where her parents spent their 
entire lives. Coming in early womanhood to Michigan, she first lived 
at Eagle Harbor, where she married Mr. Voetsch on the 21st of Febru- 
ary, 1855 ; and whom she survived for some time, passing away at the 
advanced age of seventy-eight years. She reared six children, as fol- 
lows: Louis (who died at the age of three or four years), Philip, Mary 
B., William, Adelle and Martin, Both she and her husband were Lu- 
therans in religion, and reared their children in the same faith. 

Receiving the rudiments of his education in the public schools of 
L'Anse, Martin Voetsch subsequently took a full course of study at the 
Detroit Business College, from which he was graduated in 1893. He 
was afterwards a bookkeeper in the city of Detroit until his return to 
his native village. In 1902 Mr. Voetsch was elected county clerk of 
Baraga county, and also register of deeds, and filled the position so 
acceptably to all concerned that he has been continuously re-eleeted 
ever since. 

On September 18, 1906, Mr. Voetsch was united in marriage with 
Grace J. Christopher, who was born in Negaunee, Michigan, a daughter 
of Captain John and .Catherine Christopher, her father being a well 
known mining captain of the Upper Peninsula. Fraternally Mr. 
Voetsch is a Mason, belonging to Houghton Lodge, No. 218, F. & A. M., 
and is likewise a member of Hancock Lodge, B. P. 0. E. 

Theodore Axel Thoeen merits consideration in this publication as 
one of the able and representative members of the bar of the Upper 
Peninsula, and he is engaged in the successful practice of his profession 
at Negaunee, where he is also incumbent of the office of city attorney. 
He was bom in Negaunee on the 8th of August, 1874, and is a son of 
Charles J. Thoren, who is one of the honored and influential citizens 
of this city. The father was born in Sweden, in 1838, and he emigrated 
to America, taking up his residence in Houghton, Michigan, and thus 
becoming identified with the interests of the Upper Peninsula. In 
1870 he removed to Marquette county and located at Negaunee, where 



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810 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

he was identified with the work of his trade— that of tailor, for many 
years and where he later engaged in the mercantile business, in which 
he continued until 1902, since which time he has lived virtually re- 
tired, having been succeeded in business by his son, Charles S., who had 
previously been associated with him as a member of the firm. In 1862 
Charles J. Thoren was united in marriage to Miss Johanna Peterson, 
who accompanied him upon his removal to America. They became the 
parents of six children, concerning whom the following brief record 
is given— Charles S. is one of the representative merchants of Negau- 
nee ; Clara M., who died August 16, 1909, became the wife of Rev. L. 
W. Gullstrom, who is a clergyman of the Swedish Lutheran church, and 
who now resides at Olean, New York; Wilhelmina died in childhood; 
Theodore A., the subject of this review, was next in order of birth ; Her- 
man J. died in childhood; and Titus E. is engaged with Charles S.,_at 
Negaunee. The honored father has served as representative of the Third 
ward in the board of aldermen in his home city, is a staunch Republican 
in politics, is identified with several fraternal orders, including the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men and the Knights of Pythias, and both he and his wife are zealous 
membere of the Swedish Lutheran church. 

Theodore A, Thoren is indebted to the public schools of his native 
city for his early educational training, and after completing the curric- 
ulum of the high school he entered the law department of the Univer- 
sity of Michigan, in which he was graduated as a member of the class 
of 1895, and from which he received the degree of Bachelor of Laws. 
For the following eighteen months he devoted his attention to teaching 
in the public schools of Texas, and he gained valuable experience in 
his travels through the west and southwest. Upon his return to Ne- 
gaunee he opened an office and he has since been actively and success- 
fully engaged in the practice of his profession in this city, being known 
as an able trial lawyer and as one of wide and substantial knowl- 
edge of the law and precedent. He is local counsel for the Mary 
Charlotte Mining Company and the Breitung Hematite Mining Com- 
pany, Limited. In 1900 he was elected city assessor, in which he served 
four consecutive terms. In 1901 he was appointed circuit court com- 
missioner by Governor Bliss to fill an unexpired term of the regular 
incumbent, who had removed from the county. In 1902 he was regu- 
larly elected to this olfice, of which he has since continued incumbent 
by successive re-elections. In 1904 he was elected city attorney, and he 
has since given most effective service in this office. Mr. Thoren has 
shown an intelligent and lively interest in public affairs and is a staunch 
advocate of the principles and policies of the Republican party. He is 
affiliated with the Masonic fraternity, the Royal Arcanum and the lead- 
ing Scandinavian society of his home city, as well as with Negaunee 
Lodge, No. 1116, Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks, of which he is 
a charter member and in which he had the distinction of serving as 
first exalted ruler, an office to which he was elected April 28, 1908, 
and to which he was re-elected in April, 1909. He is also identified 
with the Maccabees and with a number of social organizations of local 
order. He was reared in the faith of the Swedish Lutheran church, of 
which both he and his wife are earnest members. 

On the 28th of December, 1904, was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr Thoren to Miss Ellen L. Ericl^on, who was born at Cadillac, Michi- 
gan, and who is a daughter of John and Sophia (Peterson) Erickson, 
who were bom and reared in Sweden, whence they emigrated to Amer- 
ica soon after their marriage. They took up their residence in Ne- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 811 

gaunee in 1890 and here Mr. Erickson is one of the representative 
business men, conducting a large and well equipped grocery establish- 
ment. Mr, and Mrs. Thoren have three children— Mildred E. and Theo- 
dore Roosevelt and Rollin K. E. 

Captain James S. "Wall.— Beginning life on a low rung of the 
ladder of attainments, Captain James S. Wali, of Iron River. Michi- 
gan, has been in truth the architect of his own fortune, and by means 
of close application, untiring energy, and diligent use of his faculties 
and opportunities has made himself an important factor in the indus- 
trial interests of this part of the Upper Peninsula and a most valued 
and trustworthy citizen. A son of Richard Wall, he was born, Sep- 
tember 5, 1852, in Cornwall, England. 

John Wall, the Captain's grandfather, was born in Ireland, where 
he received excellent educational advantages, becoming a mineralogist 
of considerable note. He moved from Ireland to Cornwall, England, 
at an early age, and, although he spent much time in other parts of 
the world, always called that place his home. As a mineralogist and 
explorer, he traveled extensively in Europe, Africa and India, acquir- 
ing knowledge of value to the scientific world. lie reared six sons, 
five of whom emigrated to America, as follows: James, William, 
John, Richard and Thomas. 

Born and bred in Cornwall, England, Richard Wall was there em- 
ployed in the mines until 1848. Coming then to the United States, he 
was for two years employed in mining in Keweenaw county, Michigan. 
Going back then to his old home, he remained in Cornwall until 1852, 
when he made another trip to the Upper Peninsula, and for another 
two years continued his work as a miner. In 1860 he again visited 
Cornwall, and on his return voyage to this country brought with him 
his wife and five children. He located first at Copper Palls, Keweenaw 
county, a few years later going to Hancock, from there to Pennsyl- 
vania, finally settling at Gogebic, where he spent the remainder of his 
life, passing away at the age of sixty-six years. His wife, whose maiden 
name was Mary Trezise, was bom in Cornwall, England, a daugh- 
ter of James Trezise, She survived her husband for a long time, at- 
taining the venerable age of eighty-one years. She reared ten chil- 
dren, namely: Mary, Richard, James S., Elizabeth, Sally, Amelia, Ruth, 
Edith, John and William. 

Seven years of age when he came with the family to Copper Falls, 
Keweenaw county, Michigan, James S. Wall pursued his studies in 
the humble log cabin used as a schoolhouse, and at the age of eleven 
years began wielding the pick and shovel in the mines. Though not 
attending the public schools after that time, he studied diligently as 
opportunity offered, and after he had reached his majority took a 
course in book-keeping and mathematics and civil engineering at 
Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, Indiana, acquiring a practical 
knowledge of each. Upon leaving college, Mr. Wall spent a year at 
Mesaba, Minnesota, as superintendent and general manager of mines. 
He afterwards remained a year in Gogebic, and then, in 1897, went 
to Alaska, where he was engaged in mining for two years. Returning 
to Michigan in 1899, he accepted his present position as superintendent 
of the Riverton mines at Iron River, Michigan. 

Captain Wall married, in 1876, Britania Nichols, who was born in 
the Province of Ontario, Canada. Mabel Wall, the only child of 
Captain and Mrs. Wall, married Victor Lang, and they have two chil- 
dren, James Duncan and Margaret Gordon. Fraternally the Captain 
is a member of Iron River Lodge, No. 457, A. P. & A. M. 



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812 THE NORTHEKN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

LuTHEK C. Collins. — The able and popular chief of the fire depart- 
ment of the city of Menominee claims the old Pine Tree state as the 
place of his nativity, and there he was for some time identified with 
lumbering operations when a youth, as was he later in the Upper Pen- 
insula of Michigan. He was born at Linneus, Aroostook county, 
Maine, on the 22d of March, 1866, and is a son of Elmer and Mary 
(Starritt) Collins, both of whom were likewise bom in Aroostook 
county and both of whom were representatives of staunch old families 
of New England. The father was born in 1843 and died in 1903 ; and 
the mother, who was born in 1844, died in 1901. They became the par- 
ents of four sons and three daughters, all of whom are living, and the 
subject of this sketch was the third in order of birth, 

Elmer Collins was engaged in the lumber business in his native 
state in his younger days and later became a successful farmer. He 
continued to be identified with this great basic industry until his 
death, and both he and his wife continued to reside in Maine until 
they were summoned to the life eternal. Elmer CoUins was a Demo- 
crat in polities and was called upon to serve in various local offices of 
trust, and both he and his wife were zealous members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. 

Luther C, Collins, the present chief of the Menominee fire depart- 
ment, was reared to maturity in his native state, and his, early expe- 
riences were those of the average farmer boy of the locality and period. 
He attended school during the winter termte and in the summer sea- 
sons assisted in the work of the home farm. Later he worked in the 
lumber woods during the winters and assisted in the old-time log 
drives down the streams of the fine old state of Maine. In 1886 Mr. 
Collins came to Menominee, Michigan, and he was employed in con- 
nection with lumbering operations in this section of the state until 
May 26, 1888, when he became a member of the city fire department 
of Menominee. He was at first a pipeman, later became a driver, and 
in 1893 he was appointed captain of Company No. 2. His diserimina- 
lion, zeal and faithful service received fitting recognition when, on the 
1st of May, 1899, he was appointed chief of the department. His ad- 
ministration as chief has been marked by admirable service, excellent 
discipline and many decisive improvements in the facilities and works 
of his department. He has the confidence and good will of his subor- 
dinates and the unqualified esteem of the local public. 

In politics Chief Collins maintains an independent attitude, and 
in a fraternal way he is aflfiliated with Menominee Lodge, No. 269, 
Free & Accepted Masons; Menominee Chapter, No. 107, Royal Arch 
Masons; Menominee Lodge, No. 133, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows ; and Qoodtown Tent, No. 714, Knights of the Maccabees. 

On the 13th of September, 1893, Mr. Collins was united in marriage 
to Miss Catherine Touhey, who was bom at Wrightstown, Wisconsin, 
and who is a daughter of James and Catherine (Maginnis) Touhey, 
both natives of Ireland. 

Charles G. Mingat. — For more than a quarter of a century Mr, 
Miigay has been a resident of the Upper Peninsula, and has been con- 
secutively in the employ of the railroad company now known as the Du- 
luth. South Shore & Atlantic, for which corporation he is now serving 
as foreman of the round house in Sault Ste. Marie. His efKeient and 
faithful service has gained him the confidence and esteem of the board 
of the executives of the company, and his attributes of character have 
given him a strong hold upon the good will of all with whom he has 
come in contact. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 813 

Charles Gray Mingay was bom in the county of Norfolk, England, 
on the 22j3d of February, 1856, and is a son of James T. and Jane (Gray) 
Mingay, both of whom were likewise born in that same county. The 
father, who has now attained to the venerable age of eighty-five years, 
is living retired in the city of Stratford, Ontario, and his cherished and 
devoted wife died in Toronto, Ontario, in 1895, at the age of sixty- 
seven years. They became the parents of five sons and tine daughter, 
all of whom were born in England, — Thomas William, a resident of 
Teeumseh, Michigan; Charles G,, subject of this sketch; Frederick, a 
resident of Stratford, Ontario; Edward G., who died in 1902, at the age 
of forty years; Mary Jane, wife of Thomas P. Charlton, of Toronto, 
Ontario; and Frank Gray, a resident of Montreal, Province of Quebec. 
James T. Mingay was reared on a farm and was bookkeeper and ac- 
countant in the railway service in England until 1869, when he came 
with his family to Canada and established his home at Stratford, On- 
tario, where he was employed as a bookkeeper for the Grand Trunk Rail- 
road Company until about 1885, when he removed to Toronto, where 
he became bookkeeper in the store department of the Canadian Pacific 
Railroad and where he continued incumbent of this position until 1894, 
since which time he has lived retired. He is a communicant of the 
Church of England, as is also his wife. 

Charles G. Mingay gained his early education in the schools of his 
native land and was thirteen years of age at the time of the family re- 
moval to America. After their arrival in Canada they passed about 
two weeks in the city of Montreal, and within this time the subject of 
this sketch there found employment in a wholesale furniture establish- 
ment, from which he received one dollar and a half a week for his 
services. He continued at his work in this establishment until one hour 
prior to the time when he started with his parents for Stratford, On- 
tario. On the morning after their arrival in that place Charles G. de- 
parted for St. Marys, Ontario, where he secured employment as parcel 
clerk in the general store conducted by Edward Long. About six 
months later he returned to Stratford, where he was employed at vari- 
ous occupations until 1872, when he there entered upon an apprentice- 
ship at the machinist's trade in the shops of the Grand Trunk Railroad 
Company. He served five years and became a skilled artisan at his trade. 
In July, 1876, he removed to London, Ontario, where he became engi- 
neer and foreman of the eity fire department, with which he was thus 
identified until Februarj-, 1880, when he returned to Stratford and 
again entered the employ of the Grand Trunk Railroad Company. On 
the 1st of May, 1882, he made his advent in Marquette, Michigan, where 
he entered the services of the Detroit, Mackinac & Marquette Railroad 
Company, in the capacity of expert machinist. During the long in- 
tervening years, marked by various changes in the control and title of 
the company, he has continued in its service without interruption. For 
seven years he was foreman of the round house at Thomaston, Michi- 
gan, and for an equal period he was master mechanic of the division 
known as the Mineral Range & Hancock & Calumet Railroads. In August, 
1904, he was assigned to the office of foreman of the round house of the 
Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic Company at Sault Ste. Marie, where 
he has since continued to give eiificient service in this capacity. In poli- 
ties he is a staunch Republican, and is aSiliated with Red Cross Lodge, 
No. 51, Knights of Pythias. 

^ On the 8th of January, 1880, Mr. Mingay was united in marriage to 
Miss Annie Newell, who was born in the city of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, 



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814 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

and who is a daughter of James and Mary Ann Newell, the former of 
whom died in 1898, when more than four score years of age, and the 
latter of whom is now living in the eity of Detroit, Michigan. Mr. Newell 
was bom in Ireland and came to America when a young man. For a 
number of years he resided in the city of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and 
later he removed to Perth county, Ontario, Canada, where he reclaimed 
a farm from the wilderness and where he continued to reside until his 
death. He was a member of the Presbyterian church, as is also his wife, 
and of their seven children, one son and five daughters are now living. 
In conclusion of this sketch is entered a brief record concerning the chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Mingay, — Jennie May is the wife of W. Frank 
James, mayor of the city of Hancock, Michigan, and they have two chil- 
dren; Frederick James, who married Miss Minnie Inman, of Gladstone, 
Michigan, is now a resident of Qlenwood, Minnesota, and is a locomotive 
engineer on the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Railroad; 
Charles Newell is agent for the Western Express Company at Hough- 
ton, Michigan; Harry Raynor is electrical engineer in the beet-sugar 
factory at Croswell, Michigan ; and Lorna Gray remains at the parental 
home. 

Herman Bittnbk, a prominent merchant of Bseanaba, was bom in 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, June 11, 1853. His father, John Bittner, was 
a native of Germany, who after marriage came to the United States 
and located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, when there were only three 
stores in the place, and there worked at his trade of shoemaker. He 
later settled on a farm near Milwaukee, and now deals in milk. John 
Bittner married Mary Hildgar, also a native of Germany, and they 
became the parents of seven sons and four daughters, all of whom 
reached maturity, 

Herman Bittner is the fifth son and fifth child of his parents, and 
received his education in the public schools of Milwaukee. When 
fifteen years of age he set to work to learn the shoemaker's trade, 
and in 1874 removed to Eseanaba, Michigan, where he engaged in 
mercantile business in partnership with his brother Albert. They 
continued in business together twenty-seven years, and then Albert 
Bittner sold his interest to his brother, since which time Mr. Bittner 
has conducted the business alone. He owns two meat markets and 
has the largest business of the kind in the city. Mr. Bittner is one 
of the successful business men of Eseanaba, and a representative and 
useful citizen. 

Mr. Bittner has been a resident of Eseanaba thirty-five years, and 
has been identified with its affairs during that time. He takes an 
active interest in local political affairs, and served at one time as a 
member of the village board. He is well known in the community, 
and his integrity and high character are unquestioned. 

Mr. Bittner married in 1873, Mary Sauerhummer, and they be- 
came the parents of three sons and four daughters, namely : Herman, 
Theodore, Eddie, Lucy, Pauline, Bell and Freda. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bittner are members of the Lutheran church. 

James W. Thompson. ^Holding a place of note among the verj' 
earliest settlers of Iron Mountain is James W. Thompson, who made 
his advent here in the spring of 1880, when the town was yet in its 
infancy, and has since watched with pride and gratification its growth 
and development, in which he has, himself, played no unimportant 
part. He was born, June 3, 1849, in Morgan county, West Virginia, 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 815 

where the emigrant ancestor ol his immediate family settled in eo- 
Jonial days, and where his father, Thomas Thompson, and his grand- 
father, William Thompson, were born and bred. William Thompson 
was a man of much prominence, for many years being successfully 
engaged in mercantile pursuits at Berkeley Springs, West Virginia, 
but subsequently removing to his farm, in Morgan county, and there 
living retired until his death, when upwards of a hundred years old. 
He was four times married, and reared nine children. 

Thomas Thompson grew to man's estate in his native county, liv- 
ing there until 1858. Migrating in that year to Illinois, he settled in 
Jo Daviess county, where he rented land, and was engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits until his death, three years later, in 1861, at the 
comparatively early age of forty-five years. He married Isabella 
Rankin, who was born in Morgan county. West Virginia, where her 
father, James Rankin, a fanner and millwright, spent his entire life. 
She died at the age of sixty-seven years, leaving six children, as fol- 
lows: James W., John T., Samuel J., Arthur V., Virginia B., and 
Stephen A. D. 

The eldest child of the parental household, and but twelve years 
of age when his father died, the responsibility of caring for the home 
farm devolved upon the shoulders of James W. Thompson when he 
was but a boy. He remained faithful to his duties, continuing with 
his mother until 1873, when he gave up farming and started west- 
ward. Locating at Ishpeming, Michigan, he was clerk in a general 
store three years, and from 1876 until 1880 was similarly employed 
at Linden, Wis. In the spring of 1880, before the railroad had been 
extended beyond Quinnesee, Mr, Thompson came to the new town of 
Iron Mountain, and having secured work with the Menominee Min- 
ing Company was for nine years employed at the Chapin mine, first 
as driver of a delivery wagon, and afterwards at the electric light 
plant. Resigning the latter position, he was employed in the ware- 
house of the Northwestern Railroad Company until 1900, when he 
became connected with the Iron Mountain Co-operative Society as a 
clerk. Pilling that position most ably and faithfully, Mr. Thompson 
was subseqiiently promoted to his present position as its superintend- 
ent. This company carried a full line of groceries and provisions, 
and a large and well selected stock of general merchandise, its busi- 
ness, under the judicious management of Mr. Thompson being exten- 
sive and remunerative. 

Mr. Thompson married, in August, 1874, Caroline Rowe, who was 
born, March 7, 1854, in Jo Daviess county, Illinois, a daughter of Da^ 
vid and Elizabeth (Hancock) Rowe, and to them three children have 
been born, namely: Lottie B., Wilbur V., and Myrtle E. Lottie B., 
wife of James H. Colwell, has one son, James T. Colwell, Wilbur V. 
married Emma Parent, and they have one son, Wallace. Mrs. Thomp- 
son is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, and Mr. Thomp- 
son belongs to the Foresters of America. 

James B. CooPER.^Among those prominently concerned in the man- 
agement of the great mining industry of the Upper Peninsula, James 
B. Cooper, superintendent of the Calumet and Heeia Smelting Works 
at Hubbell, is especially worthy of mention. Thoroughly acquainted 
with the duties of his position, he is one of those clear-headed, con- 
structive and able business managers whose persistent industry and 
quick perceptions win success in all undertakings, making him a first 
class man of affairs. He has made a close study of smelting in all 



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816 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

its phases, and in looking after the interests of his employers has also 
paid good attention to his own concerns, by use of sound businesa 
judgment gaining a firm position among the capitalists of Houghton 
county. A son of James B. Cooper, he was bom, in 1859, in Spring- 
wells township, Wayne county, Michigan, and has spent his entire 
life in this state. 

Acquiring his early education in Detroit, he first attended the 
primary and grammar schools, in 1877 being graduated from the 
Detroit High School. Entering then the employ of his father, he was in 
the Houghton office of the Detroit and Lake Superior Copper Company 
until 1879, when his business career was interrupted by a year spent 
at college. Upon his return to Houghton, Mr. Cooper resumed his 
former position in the office, continuing with his former employers 
for about eight years. Taking advantage of a position offered, he 
went to Bridgeport, Connecticut, in July, 1888, taking charge of the 
refinery of the Bridgeport Copper Company, and he remained there 
two years. Returning once again to Houghton, Mr. Cooper was made 
superintendent of the Calumet & Heela Smelting Works at Hubbell 
in January, 1891, a position which he has since filled in a most able 
and satisfactory manner, his study, skill and experience admirably 
fitting him for this responsible place. Active and energetic, Mr. 
Cooper is identified with the establishment of various projects in the 
Northern Peninsula, and is one of the directors of the National Bank 
of Houghton. 

Mr. Cooper married, in 1892, Antoinette Senter, whose father is 
John Senter, a pioneer settler of the Lake Superior mining region 
and a prominent resident of Houghton, Michigan. 

Thomas Hoati^on. — A man of marked individuality, energetic and 
forceful, Thomas Hoatson, a prominent and highly esteemed citizen of 
Laurium, Houghton county, has contributed most appreciably toward 
the development of those industries which represent the stable pros- 
perity of the Upper Peninsula, advancing public interests through 
private enterprise and capital. Of Scotch ancestry, he was born, in 
October, 1861, in Canada. 

Thomas Hoatson, Sr., his father, emigrated to America in 1852, and 
for twenty years was a resident of Canada. Settling permanently in 
Calumet, Michigan, in 1872, he was there employed as superintendent 
of Ridge Mine until his death, in 1900. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Grace Lorimor, survived him three years, passing away in 1903. 

Coming with his parents to Michigan in boyhood, Thomas Hoatson 
attended the public schools of Calumet until seventeen years of age, 
when he began working in the Calumet & Hecla mines of the Upper 
Peninsula, and was instrumental in organizing what was then known 
as the Bisbee Mine, afterward called the Calumet and Arizona Copper 
Mine, and was made second vice president of the company. Very suc- 
cessful in his mining operations, he accumulated much wealth. 

Mr. Hoatson 's financial ability is unquestioned, the many positions 
of importance to which he is called bearing evidence of the confidence 
of the people in his wisdom and judgment. He is president of the 
Calumet State Bank, of Calumet ; a director in the First National Bank 
of Calumet; second vice-president of the Calumet and Arizona Mining 
Company; also second vice-president of the Superior and Pittsburg 
Copper Mining Company, located in Arizona ; is vice-president of the 
Hancock Consolidated Mining Company, of Hancock, Michigan; a 
director and second vice-president of the Keweenaw Copper Company ; 
wid vice-president of the Keweenaw Central Railway Company, 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 817 

A Republican in national and state matters, Mr. Hoatson is inde- 
pendent in local affairs, voting for the best men and measures. While 
a resident of Calumet he served two terms as a member of the City 
Coimcil, and has served one term in the Laurilim Council. Fraternally 
he belongs to Hecla Lodge, No. 90, I. 0. 0. F. ; and is a life member of 
Calumet Lodge, No. 404, B. P. 0. E. 

Mr. Hoatson married on the 24th of November, 1886, Caroline Chy-. 
noweth, who came with her parents to Ontonagon county in pioneer 
times, being among the earlier residents of the Northern Peninsula. 
Six children have been born of their union, namely: Gussie, Calvin D., 
James Ramsey, Chester, Gertrude and Grace. 

A most genial and pleasant companion, Mr. Hoatson, although a 
busy man, enjoys life in the open, taking especial pleasure in occasional 
hunting and fishing trips. On the shores of Lake Superior he erected a 
fine cottage, in which the family spent the summer months, but during 
the winter seasons they occupy the spacious residence, which is modem 
in all of its appointments, that he built in Laurium in 1903. 

Richard Hoskino. — Many of the most successful and highly respected 
business men of the Upper Peninsula are of foreign birth and breeding 
and have brought to their new home in this country those habits of 
industry and thrift that have won for them success in life, prominent 
among the number being Richard Hosking, a well known resident of 
Iron Mountain. He was born, August 24, 1840, in Lower Cornwall, 
England, where his father, John Hosking, a farmer, spent his entire 
life. His mother, Marjorie Hosking, came to America after the death 
of her husband, and spent her closing years in Brooklyn, New York, 
She reared six children, as follows: William, John, Richard. Mary 
Jane, Rebecca and Hannah, the four older of whom emigrated to the 
United States. 

Leaving the land of his birth at the age of twenty-two years, Rich- 
ard Hosking came to America, hoping in this land of promise to es- 
tablish a comfortable home and make a good living. Coming di- 
rectly to Michigan, he located in Keweenaw county, in the extreme 
northern part of the state. The greater part of the Upper Peninsula 
was then unexplored, few, if any, evidences of civilization being ap- 
parent, while the land now occupied by flourishing towns and cities 
was then a dense wilderness. Obtaining work in the mines, he re- 
mained in that county until 1881, when he located in the new town of 
Iron Mountain. Here Mr, Hosking was employed in the mines about 
ten years, but since that time has been actively and successfully en- 
gaged in the wood and coal business, having built up an extensive and 
profitable trade. 

Mr, Hosking married, at the age of twenty-eight years, Christianna 
Pearse, who was born in Lower Cornwall, England, where her parents, 
William and Christianna (Jenkins) Pearse were life-long residents. 
Two of Mrs. Hosking's brothers, Nicholas Pearse and Alexander 
Pearse, emigrated to the United States, locating in Pennsylvania, and 
a sister, Mrs. Margaret Cox, lives in Washington, D. C. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hosking have reared six children, namely r John, Richard Henry, 
William Pearse, Walter P., Thomas and Bessie. John married 
Catherine Roberts, and they have ten children, Iva, Eddie, John, 
Richard, Jannie, Christianna, Ruby, Nasie, Orvey and George W. 
William P. married Annie Rule, and to them five children have been 
bom, Janie, AViliiam, Bessie, Richard and Walton. Walter married 
Eva Kline, and they have four children, Harold, Myrtle, Mildred and 



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818 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

Roland. Thomas married Tillie Cowling and they are the parents of 
three children, Maria, Edward and Ruth. Bessie, wife of John Thomas, 
has two children, Marjorie and Elwin. 

William C. Tbestrail.^ — An expert miner, and an authority on all 
matters connected with the successful operation of .mines, William 
Chappie Trestrail is intimately associated with that department of 
industry by which much of the wealth of the Upper Peninsula is pro- 
duced, being an inspector of mines in Dickinson county, with his home 
at Iron Mountain. A son of William Trestrail, Jr., he was bom, April 
7, 1860, in Cornwall, England, where his grandfather, William Tres- 
trail, Sr., was a life-long tiller of the soil. 

Bom and reared in Redruth, County Cornwall, England, William 
Trestrail, Jr., served an apprenticeship at the stone mason's trade 
when young, in Cornwall. Ambitious as a young man to try his for- 
tune on foreign soil, he went to Cuba, where he was employed for a 
time in the mines. Going back to Cornwall, he remained there until 
1860, when, the microbe of travel again seizing him, he emigrated 
to the United States, locating in the Upper Peninsula, Michigan, where 
he found employment in the Huron mine, afterwards assisting in 
building a public highway from Hancock to Keweenaw Point. lie 
was subsequently one of the first to delve for ore in the Calumet mine, 
and while thus employed was joined, about 1864, at Calumet, by his 
family, who came over from England in that year. Leaving the Calu- 
met mine in 1874, he made a trip to California, and was there engaged 
in gold mining two years. Returning then to Houghton county, he 
was employed at the Hecia mine until 1880. Locating, in August, of 
that year, at Iron Mountain, he was here employed at the Chapin mine 
(uitil his death, March 5, 1881, when hut forty-sis years of age. He 
married Isabella Chappie, who was born in Cornwall, England, where 
her father, William Chappie, a farmer, spent his entire life. She died 
in March, 3885, leaving five children, as follows: Hannah, William 
and Mary Ann, bom in England, and Henry and James, born in 
Michigan. 

About five years old when he eame with his mother to Michigan, 
William C. Trestrail attended the public schools of Calumet until 
thirteen years old when he found employment at the Ilecla mine, first 
working on the surface, and later in the mine, continuing until 1874, 
Going then to California, he spent two years on the farm of his moth- 
er's brother, Thomas Chappie. Returning to Calumet, he resumed 
work in the Heela, remaining there until August, 1880, when he eame 
to Iron Mountain, and was here engaged at the Chapin mine for three 
years. Going then to Dakota, he was employed at a gold mine in Lead 
City for eight months, afterwards being engaged in mining at Central 
City, Colorado, for a year and a half. From there he proceeded to 
Little Rock, Arkansas, but not liking the place he returned to Iron 
Mountain, and was here employed in the Chapin mine until 1892, 
Being in that year appointed mine inspector, Mr. Trestrail has since 
filled this responsible position most ably and satisfactorily, during the 
period having several times inspected every operating mine in Dick- 
inson county. 

Mr. Trestrail married, January 22, 1887, Carrie Sims, who was 
bom in the parish of St. Kea, County Comwall, England. Her father, 
Joseph Sims, a native of that county, was an engineer, and operated 
a stationary engine while in England. Coming to the Upper Penin- 
sula in 1870, he located in Marquette county, and nine years la.ter his 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 819 

wife and children joined him. In 1881 he came with his family to 
Iron Mountain, and has been employed in Dickinson county as a ma- 
chinist and engineer ever since. To him and his wife, whose maiden 
name was Elizabeth Ann Bray, five children have been born, "William, 
Carrie, Joseph, Edwin and Elizabeth. 

Mr. and Mrs. Trestrail are the parents of seven children, namely: 
William J., Albert H., Laura L, Edwin J., Frederick J., Carrie L., and 
Elsie E. Fraternally Mr. Trestrail is a member of Iron Mountain 
Lodge, No. 388, P. & A. M.; of Iron Mountain Chapter, No. 121, R. 
A. M. ; and of Crescent Lodge, No. 374, I. 0. 0. P. 

"WiuJAM A. PenGilly. — The subject of this review has been a resi- 
dent of Menominee from his boyhood days and is now numbered among 
its representative citizens. He is a member of one of the honored 
pioneer families of the city, and that he, himself, commands the un- 
qualified confidence and esteem of the community, is evidenced by the 
fact that he has been called upon to serve in various positions of trust 
and responsibility, including that of county treasurer of Menominee 
county, of which office he is incumbent at the time of this writing. 

Mr. PenGilly was bom in the city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on the 
19th of November, 1853, and is the son of Robert and Mary (Ledden) 
PenGilly, the former of whom was bom at Illfraincomb, Devonshire, 
England, in 1823, and the latter of whom was born in Miramichi, 
province of New Brunswick, Canada, in 1824. The father died in Men- 
ominee in the year 1874, and the mother, long surviving him, was sum- 
moned to the life eternal in 1892. Their marriage was solemnized in 
the city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and of their eight children, five are 
now living, the subject of this sketch being the third in order of birth. 
Robert PenGilly was reared and educated in his native land and there 
learned the blacksmith trade. Upon his emigration to America he 
made the voyage in a sailing vessel, which landed in the city of Quebec, 
Canada. He was seventeen years of age at the time and maintained 
his home for a number of years in New Brunswick, and whence he 
eventually removed to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He was an expert in 
the making of edged tools, and in the Wisconsin metropolis he secured 
profitable employment in an ax factory. He later removed to Flat 
Rock, near Escanaba, Michigan, where he was employed for some 
time in the blacksmith shop of JeflEerson St. Clair. In 1859 he came to 
Menominee, which was then a stra^ling and obscure little lumbering 
town, and here he engaged in the work of his trade upon his own re- 
sponsibility. He became one of the valued and influential business 
men of the village and for a number of years was a member of its 
board of education. He continued in business here until his death and 
ever commanded Ihe high regard of all who knew him. In polities he 
was a Democrat, but at the time of the Civil war he gave support 
to Abraham Lincoln, on his nomination for the presidency. He was 
one of the foremost promoters of the organization of St. John's church, 
the first Catholic church in Menominee, and one of the largest con- 
tributors to the erection of its first church edifice. Prior to the estab- 
lishing of this parish the Catholic citizens of Menominee were obliged 
to cross the Menominee river by boat in order to attend church ser- 
vices in the city of Marinette, Wisconsin. His wife also continued 
a devout and loved member of St. John's parish until the close of her 
long and useful life. 

William A. PenGilly, the immediate subject of this sketch, gained 
his early educational training in the public schools of Menominee, and 



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820 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

later completed a course in the Bryant & Stratton business college, in 
the city of Chicago, where he remained as a student until 1870, He 
then returned to Menominee, where he secured a clerical position ia 
the general store of the Kirby-Carpenter Company, in which he later 
became bookkeeper. He continued to be identified with the business 
of this representative concern until the 1st of June, 1881, when he re- 
signed his position to assume the duties of the oiRee of county regis- 
ter of deeds, to which he had been elected in November of the pre- 
ceding year. His administration met with unqualified popular ap- 
proval, and he was twice chosen as his own successor, thus holding the 
office for three consecutive terms. Upon his retirement, in 1887, he 
engaged in the china, crockery, stationery and book business in Menom- 
inee, where he built up a large and prosperous enterprise and secured 
a representative patronage. He sold this business in January, 1899, 
and accepted the position of deputy clerk of the circuit court, besides 
which he became deputy county clerk and deputy register of deeds. 
He continued in practical charge of the office of register of deeds until 
November, 1908, when he was elected county treasurer, of which posi- 
tion he has since remained in tenure. He has shown much discrimina- 
tion and due conservatism in the handling of the fiscal affairs of the 
county and has done all in his power to promote wise economy. He is 
a communicant of St. John's Catholic church, of which his father was 
one of the founders, and, possessed of much musical ability, he has 
been a member of the choir of this church for thirty-three consecutive 
years. He is a member of the Catholic Benevolent Legion, in which 
his affiliation is with Menominee Council, No. 455, and he is also iden- 
tified with the Local Aerie, the Fraternal Order of Eagles. His po- 
litical allegiance is given to the Republican party, and he has rendered 
efficient service to its cause. Mr. PenGilly is a bachelor. 

Roger C. "Wn,LiAMs.— A well-kno\vn and highly respected citizen of 
Baraga county, Roger C. Williams is numbered among the active, en- 
terprising and capable business men of L'Anse, where a large part 
of his life has been passed. A son of the late Robert Roger "Williams, 
he was bom, September 28, 1864, in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, 
of substantial Welsh ancestry, his grandparents having been life-long 
residents of Wales. 

Robert Roger Williams was bom in Llanberris, Carnarvon county, 
Wales, in 1834, and was there brought up and educated. Ambitious 
as a youth to find broader and better fields of work than were offered 
him in his own land he came at the age of eighteen years to the United 
States, locating in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, where for several 
years he was employed in the state quarries. He then moved with 
his family to Vermont, and, having formed a partnership with E. B. 
Humphrey, opened a general store, which he operated until 1873. 
Coming then to Baraga county, Michigan, he entered the employ of 
the Clinton State Company, and was here superintendent of the state 
quarries for five years, when the works closed. Settling then in 
L'Anse, he was employed in slate roofing for five years, after which 
he became associated with the Graphite mines, located ten miles south 
of L'Anse, which he opened and of which he was superintendent 
until 1884. Elected country treasurer of Baraga county in that year, 
he filled the position so ably that he was re-elected in 1886, and served 
until the close of 1888. He was subsequently for a time engaged in 
exploring the lands belonging to the Ayers estate, after which he 
lived retired from active business pursuits until his death, in 1897. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 821 

He married Mary "Williams, who, although bearing the same surname, 
was not a relative. She was born in Merionethshire, Wales, a daugh- 
ter of John Williams, and is still living in L'Anse, Michigan. She 
reared four children, as follows: Annie, Roger C, Richard and 
Arthur. 

Gleaning his first knowledge of the three "r's" in one of the 
public schools of Fair Haven, Vermont, Roger C. Wilhams subse- 
quently continued his studies at L'Anse and Calumet, Michigan, after- 
wards attending the Michigan Military Academy at Orchard Lake and 
spending a year at the State Agricultural College in Lansing, Mich- 
igan. When through school he accepted the position of hookkeeper 
with Williams & Upham, dredging contractors, remaining with that 
firm two years. Mr. Williams then served four years as deputy 
county treasurer, subsequently being elected county treasurer, a posi- 
tion which he filled two years. Since that time he has been pros- 
perously engaged in making abstract of titles, in which he is skilled, 
and as a real estate agent, making a specialty of dealing in timber 
lands. He is likewise agent for the Detroit Graphite Company, hav- 
ing charge of all of its property in this section of the state. 

Fraternally Mr. Williams is a member of Houghton Lodge, No. 
218, P. & A. M.; and of L'Anse Lodge, K. of P. 

Joseph Bababe.— A man of enterprise and ability, Joseph Barabe 
occupies a substantial position among the prosperous merchants of 
Marquette county, being one of the leading grocers of Negaunee. A 
native of New York state, he was bom, September 9, 1861, in Isaacs 
county, in the same house in which the birth of his father, Joseph Ba- 
rabe, Sr., was bom, his birth having occurred in 1833. 

Embarking in the coa! business in early life, Joseph Barabe, Sr., came 
to the Upper Peninsula when young, and spent several years in Mar- 
quette county as a coal contractor, being located the greater part of the 
time in Negaunee. After his marriage in New York state he lived there 
four years. In the fall of 1864 he again came to Negaunee, bringing 
his family with him, and was here engaged in the coal and wood busi- 
ness until 1892, suteequently living retired from active pursuits until 
his death, in 1896. He was a Republican in politics, and served as 
street commissioner of Negaunee. In religion he was a Roman Catho- 
lic. His wife, whose maiden name was Amanda Eemley, was born in 
Canada, near the Vermont state line, in 1838, and is now a resident of 
Negaunee. Three children were born of their union, as follows: Jo- 
seph, the special subject of this sketch ; Emily, who died at the age 
of eighteen years; and Sidney M., who died in 1897, aged thirty-three 
years. 

A child of three and one-half years when he came with his parents 
to Negaunee, Michigan, Joseph Barabe was educated in this place, at- 
tending both public and private schools. At the age of fifteen years he 
began working for his father during the summer seasons, attending the 
winter terms of school. He subsequently became delivery clerk for 
his vmcle, A. Barabe, who was carrying on a grocery business in the 
same store now occupied by Mr. Barabe, remaining with him one and 
one-half years. Mr. Barabe was afterwards similarly employed in the 
Iron Cliff Mining Company's store, and in the general store of Donald 
McDonald, entering next the employ of the Marquette, Houghton and 
Ontonagon Railroad Company, now the Duluth, South Shore and At- 
lantic Railway Company, serving as brakeman two summers. He was 
afterwards employed for some time at the store of the Iron Cliff Min- 



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822 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

ing Company at Negaunee, and was for a while engaged in keeping 
books and teaming for his father. 

Returning to Negaunee, Mr. Barabe worked in the general store of 
Donald McDonald for eighteen months, after which he took charge of 
a lumber eamp in the woods for his father. Going then to Rock River 
Run, he superintended his father's charcoal kilns until 1888. Coming 
back in that year to Negaunee, Mr. Barabe bought out the interests of 
J. C. Mainard in the grocery firm of Mainard & Sorenson, and carried 
on a substantial business as senior member of the firm of Barabe & 
Sorenson until 1898, when he bought out his partner. Mr, Barabe has 
since continued alone, and has a fine trade in staple and fancy gro- 
ceries, carrying a well assorted stock of goods. 

Politically Mr. Barabe is a straightforward Republican, and in 1900 
was elected a member of the Marquette County Board, representing the 
Fourth ward. He is a mem,ber of various local societies, and belongs to 
the Roman Catholic church. 

Mr. Barabe married first, in May, 1883, Emily Goodrich, who died 
in 1891, Five children were bom of their union, four of whom are 
living, namely : "WiUiam J., Moses S., Emily and Sabina, Mr. Barabe 
married for his second wife, February 12, 1895, Mary J. Marresette, 
and to them seven children have been born, one of whom has passed 
to the life beyond, those living being Joseph, Thomas, Leo, Clement, 
May and Leonora. 

Jesse Owen, manager of the Escanaba branch of the firm of Brams 
& Van, of Iron Mountain, Michigan, wholesale dealers in produce, was 
born in Juneau, "Wisconsin, March 11, 1871. His father, Job Owen, 
also a native of "Wisconsin was a farmer by occupation. His family 
were early settlers of Wisconsin, having come from New York. Job 
Owen married Prances Deiter, a native of Wisconsin, born near 
Juneau. He died at the age of forty-nine years and his wife still re- 
sides in Escanaba, Jesse being the only son. 

W'.icn about one year old, Jesse (hven removed with his parents 
to Ripon. Wisconsin, and when he was nine years of age his parents 
moved to Escanaba, Michigan, where he received most of his educa- 
tion, and which place has since been his home. He took a business 
course at Saginaw, Michigan, and afterward spent about eleven years 
in the employ of Erickson & Bissell, in the capacity of bookkeeper. 
For four years he was employed as bookkeeper and office manager by 
the Metropolitan Lumber Company, in their Escanaba office. In 1905 
Mr. Owen assumed his present position with Brams & Van where he 
has since remained; this is only a branch of the company's business, 
though they do a large volume of business in this vicinity. Mr, Owen 
has been a resident of the Northern Peninsula for a period of thirty 
years, and is well known in the community. His business integrity 
and probity are well known and unquestioned and he has proven his 
business ability and intelligence, and shown his fitness for the post he 
now fills. 

In 1899 Mr, Owen married Isabella McKenzie Millar, of Escanaba, 
daughter of John Millar, deceased. They became parents of one son 
and two daughters. The son, Gordon died at the age of five years and 
the two daughters are Frances Grace and Janet Millar. 

Mr. Owen is a stanch Eepablican and served three years as member 
of the school board. He takes an active interest in public affairs and 
is a public-spirited, loyal citizen. He is a member of the Masonic 
Order, in which he has taken thirty-two degrees and is affiliated with 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 823 

the DeWitt Clinton Consistory at Grand Rapids, Michigan, and is 
Past Master of the local blue lodge at Eseanaba. 

Redmond II. Pangeobn.— A man of superior business ability and 
tact, Redmond H. Pangborn has for several years been actively identi- 
fied with the development and growth of the industrial interests of 
Menominee, and as general manager of the Peninsular Box and Lumber 
Company is vi'idely and favorably known in manufacturing and com- 
mercial circle. A son of James K. Pangborn, he was born. May 28, 
1876, in Saginaw, Michigan, coming on the paternal side of New Eng- 
land ancestry, and on the maternal side of Irish stock. 

Bom in Barnard, Windsor county, Vermont, James K. Pangborn 
grew to manhood among the green hills of his native state. Subse- 
quently migrating to Saginaw, Michigan, he followed his trade of a 
blacksmith in that vicinity for a number of years. Locating in Menom- 
inee in 1888, he is now living here retired from active pursuits. He is 
a stanch Republican in his political affiliations, and served as alderman 
of the city two terms, representing the Fifth ward. Fraternally he 
is a member of the Independent Order of Foresters. He married Cath- 
erine O'Connor, a native of Ireland, and to them four children were 
born, Redmond H., the special subject of this sketch, being the second 
child in succession of birth. 

A boy of twelve years when he came with his parents to Menominee, 
Redmond H. Pangborn completed his early studies in the parochial 
and public schools of this city. Beginning life then for himself, he 
was for three years assistant city engineer of Menominee, after which 
he was employed as a civil engineer in Wisconsin, working first in Ra- 
cine and later in Milwaukee. In 1896 Mr. Pangborn entered the em- 
ploy of the Peninsular Bos and Lumber Company at Menominee, as a 
general workman, and in the years that followed made himself so fa- 
miliar with the work and so useful to the company that in 1904 he was 
made its vice pr^ident and general manager. This responsible posi- 
tion Mr. Pangborn has since held, and in the discharge of the various 
duties devolving upon him has proved himself eminently capable and 
efficient. Wide-awake and progressive, he gives careful attention to 
every department of the work, each winter visiting the four lumber 
camps operated by the company, personally inspecting the work done 
in the woods as well as at the factory. This company, organized in 
1896, has developed with wonderful rapidity into one of the leading 
industrial institutions of Menominee, its officers, men of keen foresight 
and practical ability, being as follows; President, Howard Greene, of 
Milwaukee; secretary, Robert McMynn; treasurer, W. B. Strong, of 
Milwaukee; and general manager, Redmond H. Pangborn. This com- 
pany has a large plant, which it works night and day much of the time, 
the saw mill cutting annually about ten million feet of lumber, while 
in its factory, which makes a specialty of box shocks, more than a mil- 
lion boxes are made each year. These are shipped in compact form^ 
ready to be put together, and are sent, principally, to Indiana, the 
company's chief market. 

Mr. Pangborn married, July 14, 1897, Elizabeth Johnston, who was 
bom in Saginaw, Michigan, a daughter of James Johnston, and to them 
four children have been bom, namely; Ruth, Ethel, Pearl and Red- 
mond James. Politically Mr. Pangborn is a steadfast Democrat, and 
has served three terms as city supervisor, being elected, without oppo- 
sition, three times in the Seventh ward. In 1908 he was candidate for 
mayor of the city, but was defeated by seven votes only, his opponent. 



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824 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

August Spies, being elected to the office. Fraternally Mr, Pangborn is 
a member of the Knights of Columbus. 

Jacob Bainbridge. — The popular and efficient superintendent of the 
city water works of Sault Ste. Marie is one of the sterling pioneers of 
this thriving city, and none is held in higher esteem in the community 
than he. Mr. Bainbridge was bom in Cumberland, England, on the 
18th of November, 1857, and is a son of James and Jane (Dixon) Bain- 
bridge, who emigrated to America in 1882 and located in Bruce county, 
Ontario, Canada, where the father secured a tract of wild land and re- 
claimed a productive farm. Both he and his wife were communicants 
of the Church of England. Concerning their children the following 
brief record ia given, — Jacob, subject of this sketch, is the eldest of the 
number; John is a resident of Hamilton, Ontario; Elizabeth is the widow 
of Alexander Leslie and resides in Hamilton ; Margaret is the wife of 
Robert Heed of Northumberland, England ; William is a resident of Mil- 
waukee, Wisconsin ; Thomas J. maintains his home in the Rainey River 
District, Ontario; and Jane B. resides in Bruee county, Ontario. 

Jacob Bainbridge is indebted to the common schools of his native 
land for his early educational discipline, and he was twenty-two years of 
age at the time of the family emigration to America. After his mar- 
riage he was engaged in farming in Bruce county, Ontario, for a period 
of four years, at the expiration of which he disposed of his farm and in 
the spring of 1886 he came to Sanlt Ste. Marie, Michigan, where he was 
employed at farm work by R. N. Adams until 1888, when he became 
a member of the police department of Sault Ste. Marie. In 1890 he 
became associated with Captain George S. Hoyt in the construction of 
Fort Brady, and this work enlisted his attention until 1893, when he 
entered the government service as a member of a party engaged in lake 
surveying work. In 1896 Mr. Bainbridge was made superintendent of 
streets of Sault Ste. Marie, and this position he held until 1899, after 
which he was identified with contract work until 1906, when he was made 
superintendent of city water works, of which position he has since re- 
mained incumbent. In 1893 Mr. Bainbridge purchased a farm of two 
hundred acres located one mile east of the village Rosedale, and this at- 
tractive rural estate is known as Blmhurst Farm. Here he erected the 
first stone house to be built in Chippewa county outside of the city of 
Sault Ste. Marie, and his farm is one of the best improved and most at- 
tractive in this section of the state. Mr. Bainbridge is aligned as a 
staunch supporter of the cause of the Republican party, and in a fra- 
ternal way he is identified with Bethel Lodge, No. 358, Free & Accepted 
Masons; Sault Ste. Marie Chapter, No, 126, Royal Arch Masons; Sault 
Ste. Marie Commandery, No. 45, Knights Templars; and Waubun Tent, 
Knights of the Maccabees, 

On the 1st of June, 1872, was solemnized the marriage of M>. Bain- 
bridge to Miss Christina McLean, who was born in Bruce county, On- 
tario, and who ia a daughter of Alexander and Naney (Gregg) McLean, 
the former of whom was bom in Scotland and the latter in Ireland. 
Mr. McLean came to Canada with his parents when a boy and he be- 
came one of the representative farmers of Bruce county, Ontario, where 
he continued to reside until his death, on the 21st of February, 1910, at 
the venerable age of eighty-seven years. His wife passed away in May, 
1910. Mr. and Mrs. Bainbridge have one son, Benjamin, who was grad- 
uated in the high school of Sault Ste. Marie and who is now United 
States inspector of customs at this port. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 825 

Frank L. Brown. — Associated with the Menominee River Sugar 
Company as secretary and chief bookkeeper, Prank L. Brown, of 
Menominee, holds a noteworthy position in the business circles of his 
community, and is highly esteemed as a man of integrity and honor. A 
son of Whitman Brown, he was horn, January 1, 1855, at Hartfield, 
Chautauqua county. New York, coming on both sides of the house from 
substantial New York and Pennsylvania ancestry. 

Whitman Brown was a native of New York state, and while a young 
man worked on the Erie Canal before the days of the "steam horse," 
the tow path then being the great highway from the Great Lakes to the 
Atlantic. In 1857 he, with the western fever in his veins, moved with 
his family to Wisconsin, passing through Chicago, then but little better 
than a village, and locating at Butte des Morts, Wisconsin, where he 
entered and engaged in the mercantile business, living there until the 
date of his death, an honored member of the community. He was a 
staunch member of the Republican party and a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows. He was married to Fannie Brown, a 
native of Pennsylvania, of Scotch descent, and they became the parents 
of iive children, Edgar the eldest, dying at the age of sixty-eight, the 
surviving four, being Harriet, widow of Thomas Benedict, Jennie, widow 
of R. P. Benedict, Frank L., and Willis H., of McCook, Nebraska, a con- 
ductor on the Burlington & Missouri Railroad in Nebraska. 

After finishing his studies in the common school Frank L. Brown, like 
all other energetic bo>s wantmg to see the color of the dollar earned by 
his own labor, took the first place that oifered and went to "slashing" 
slabs in the saw mill m his home town and it was the hardest earned as 
well as the most appreciated of an> smce that time. From saw milling 
he went to tallying lumber but made up his mind that head work was 
better than hand woik ind entered th( Oshkosh Business College, where 
he graduated, and after graduation, taught a term, until he accepted a 
position with the Houghton L'Anse & Ontonagon Railroad Company at 
Miehigamme, Michigan, in 1873. Being offered a position with William 
Avery, of Oshkosh, Wisconsin, as bookkeeper, he was with him until a 
better offer was made as teller and bookkeeper for the private banking 
firm of Sackett and Turner, of Winneeonne, Wisconsin, with whom he 
remained until the death of Mr. Turner, three years later, when he went 
with the Paine Lumber Company of Oshkosh, Wisconsin, and after being 
in their main office for six months, they sent him out to Hastings, 
Nebraska, where they were conducting a wholesale and retail yard. Being 
offered a position as bookkeeper in the Exchange National Bank of that 
city, after having been with the Paine Lumber Company for five years, 
he remained with the bank for three years and from there resigned to 
accept the position of cashier of the First National Bank of McCook, 
Nebraska, and president of its associate bank. The Farmers and Mer- 
chants, of Indianola, Nebraska, and was also elected to the office of secre- 
tary and treasurer of the McCook Loan and Trust Company. After pass- 
ing through the "three dry years" in western Nebraska, Mr. Brown came 
north to accept a position with the Kirby Carpenter Company, with whom 
he remained for twelve years and until they went out of business, at 
which time he took charge of the books, at the organization of the 
Menominee River Sugar Company, becoming its a^istant secretary in 
1903 and secretary in 1905, which position he now holds, the Menominee 
River Sugar Company being one of the most important industries in 
the Upper Peninsula. 

Mr. Brown was married at Oshkosh, Wisconsin, December 25. 1877, 



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826 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

to Katie M. Avery, who was born at Stevens Point, Wisconsin, a daugh- 
ter of the late William and Catherine (Gottry) Avery, the former of 
whom was born in Pennsylvania and the latter near Strassburg, Ger- 
many. Mr. Avery was for many years one of the foremost lumbermen 
of Stevens Point, Wiseonsin, where he erected the first saw mill in that 
city and also carried on an extensive stone quarry. Selling out his busi- 
ness he removed to Oshkosh, where he embarked in the wholesale mil- 
linery trade and also conducted a large retail grocery house. From there 
he moved to the Black Hills, South Dakota, and buying up a large tract 
of land in 1878, went into the stock business and was actively engaged 
up to the date of his death. To him and his wife seven children were 
bom, four daughters and three sons, Mrs. Brown being the third in suc- 
cession of birth. 

The union of Mr. and Mrs. Brown has been blessed by the birth of 
four children, namely, Martin F., of Seattle, Washington, president of 
the Brown-David Publishing Company, William Wayne, a dentist, Amy 
M., a graduate of the Pratt Art Institute of Brooklyn, New York, and 
now supervisor of art in the public schools of Eugene, Oregon, and 
Edgar A., attending the Menominee High School. Politically Mr. 
Brown is a staunch Republican, and while in McCook, Nebraska, served 
several terms as alderman. Fraternally he has been a Mason since 
attaining his majority. 

Dk, Michael P. FENBLoisr, a leading physician of Escanaba, was bom 
in Fond du Lac county, June 8, 1869. His father, Michael Fenelon, 
a native of Ireland, came to the United States at the age of fifteen 
years, and lived first at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, later removing to Mil- 
ford, Dodge county, and spending some time in Springfield and Fond 
du Lac. He was a farmer by occupation, and also lived some time 
at Ripon ; at present he resides at Fond du Lac. He married Mary 
Duffy, a native of New York, who also survives. They had six sons 
and two daughters who lived to maturity, and Dr. Fenelon is the sec- 
ond son and third child. 

Dr. Fenelon received his early education in the public schools of 
Ripon, Wisconsin, and was graduated from Ripon College. In 1894 
he graduated from the Northwestern School of Pharmacy, of the 
Northwestern University, Chicago, and in 1898 was graduated from 
Rush Medical College, which he entered in 1895. He practiced his 
profession two years at Iota, Louisiana, and for a short time after- 
wards had charge of a hospital at Atkinson, Michigan; he spent a 
year and a half at Pentoga, Michigan, and in 1902 located at Escan- 
aba, where he has built up a large practice. He stands well in the 
profession and has won the confidence and esteem of all who know 
him. Dr. Fenelon is a member of the State, Delta county and North- 
ern Peninsula Medical Societies, and also belongs to the Knights of 
Columbus and Modern Woodmen and the Maccabees. For four years 
he has been a member of Delta County hospital staff, and was at one 
time assistant surgeon for the Northwestern Railway Company ; he 
served during 1906-7-8 as city physician. Dr. Fenelon has been nine 
years a resident of the Northern Peninsula, and takes an active in- 
terest in public affairs. He is a stockholder in the State Savings Bank. 
Bank. 

In 1901 Dr. Fenelon married Mary, daughter of John and Mary 
McGraw ; they have no children. 

Adodph p. Heidkamp, secretary and treasurer of the Bosch Brewing 
Company and vice-president of the Citizens' National Bank of Hough- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 827 

ton, is one of Houghton county's most substantial citinens, and en- 
joys the consideration of the community both as a man of splendid 
business ability and one deserving of esteem in a more personal sense. 
One manifestation of this esteem is the fact that he served for four- 
teen terms as president of the village of Lake Linden, where he has 
made his residence since 1887. 

Mr, Heidkamp was born at Port Washington, Wisconsin, February 
2, 1863, and is the son of Adolph and Anna (Hanson) Heidkamp. A& 
his name indicates he is Teutonic in origin, his father, also Adolph 
Heidkamp, having been born in Cologne, Prussia. He was a man 
of unusual ability and won no small distinction in America, the land 
of his adoption. He taught school for several years before crossing, 
and severed home ties in 1852, landing in New York, where he re- 
mained for two years. He then removed to Port Washington, where 
he remained for two years. He then removed to Port Washington, 
where he read law and was admitted to the bar. He practiced law 
for many years and for eighteen years was probate judge of Ozaukee 
county. From 1854 until 1881, the year of his demise, he was pub- 
lisher of the Zeitung, a Democratic German weekly which enjoyed 
great vogue in that part of Wisconsin. He also served three terms 
as county superintendent of schools. The mother's maiden name was 
Anna Hanson. She was bom in the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, 
Germany, and died in 1871, at the age of forty-four years. Both she 
and the father were members of the Catholic faith. Of the children 
bom to them the following four grew to maturity: Louisa, wife of 
Nicholas Watry, an optician of Chicago, Illinois; Anna, wife of Wil- 
liam J. Diederieh, of the M. H. Wiltsius Company, dealers in church 
goods in Milwaukee, Wisconsin ; Adolph F. ; and Emil M,, a Chicago 
optician. By a former marriage with Prank Gengler, the mother of 
Mr. Heidkamp had three children; John, deceased; Margaret, widow 
of Joseph Malherbe, of Milwaukee; and Elizabeth, of Milwaukee. 

Adolph F. Heidkamp was educated in the public schools of Port 
Washington, Wisconsin, receiving the additional benefit of his fath- 
er's training, and later learned the printer's trade in his father's 
office, following this for about six years. In 1882, he decided to cast 
his fortunes with the Northern Peninsula, and located in Houghton, 
Houghton county, where he was employed for two years in the offices 
of the transfer company. He then became associated with the 
Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic Railway Company and remained with 
them for a similar period. In 1887 he removed to Lake Linden and 
became a bookkeeper for Joseph Bosch & Company, brewers. He 
remained in this capacity for about seven years and when in 1894 the 
firm was changed to a stock company, under the name of the Bosch 
Brewing Company, Mr. Heidkamp was selected as the best man for 
the offices of secretary and treasurer, and this position he still fills. 
IVo years later he was first made president of the village, and his 
successive administrations were a credit to him. 

For a good many years Mr. Heidkamp was a Democrat, but since 
1896 he has inclined towards the Republican party. He is a Catholic 
and gives his earnest support to its many good causes. Fraternally 
he is a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, and receives much pleas- 
ure from these affiliations. 

John 0, Blixt. — A man of broad mind and enlightened views, stand- 
ing "pat" on the right side of every project calculated to advance 



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828 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

the best interests of town and county, John O. Blixt holds an assured 
position among the esteemed and valued citizens of Iron Mountain, 
where he is actively engaged in the real estate business. A native of 
Sweden, he was bom, June 11, 1868, in the village of Nya Kapparberg, 
Orebro Lan, a son of Olof and Grata Maria Johnson. His father was 
a life-long resident of Sweden, but his mother, now eighty-five years of 
age, came to America after the death of her husband, and is now liv- 
ing at Iron Mountain, making her home with John Blixt. She reared 
four children, namely : Emma, wife of Per Peterson, of Sweden ; 
Charles August, of Eseanaba ; Lenda, now Mrs. Frank Lind ; and John 
O., the subject of this sketch. 

Growing to manhood in his native land, John 0. Blixt acquired a 
practical education in the government schools, and after the death of 
his father came with his widowed mother to America. Locating at 
Ishpeming, Marquette county, Michigan, he found employment in 
the mines, and remained there until 1899. Removing then to Paines- 
dale, Houghton county, he was for two years night captain for the 
Copper Range Mining Company, During the ensuing two years Mr. 
Blixt conducted a boarding house at Houghton for students, after which 
he was for two years connected with the Scandia Pish Company, of 
Chicago, as traveling salesman. He was subsequently agent for the 
American Belief Society of Bay City and in that capacity solicited ac- 
cident insurance until 1903. Since that time he has been industriously 
and profitably employed as a dealer in real estate. He began his op- 
erations on a modest scale, dealing first with farm and timber lands 
in Dickinson and adjoining counties. Meeting with encouraging suc- 
cess, he has gradually extended his business into the far Northwest, 
being now agent for the Canadian Pacific Railway Company in the sale 
of their lands in what is now considered the "Eldorado" of Canada. 

Mr. Blixt married, July 4, 1896, Alma Caroline Molander, who was 
born in Sweden, a daughter of Alfred and Caroline Molander. Five 
children have blessed their union, namely: Viola Liuea, Grace So- 
phia, Malba Emma {deceased), Roy Oscar (deceased), and Ellenora. 
Mr. and Mrs, Blixt are members of the Swedish Baptist church, in 
which he has held the various offices ; he is an earnest worker in the tem- 
perance movement, and is now serving as treasurer of the Dickinson 
County Local Option Organization. 

Alexandek MacKinnon. — Thrifty, enterprising and energetic, 
Alexander MacKinnon is a fine representative of the courageous men 
who came to the Upper Peninsula in pioneer days and have since been 
among the foremost in developing its varied resources and advancing its 
material interests. He is an esteemed resident of Iron River, which he 
and his brother, Donald C, founded, A son of Hugh and Sarah (Camp- 
bell) MacKinnon, he was born, in 1844, in the village of Mull, Argyle- 
shire, Scotland. His grandfather, a life-long resident of Argyleshire, 
Scotland, married a Miss Livingstone, who was an aunt of David Liv- 
ingstone, the noted Scotch explorer and missionary to whom the world is 
so greatly indebted for much of its knowledge of Central Africa. A 
sketch of the parents of Mr. MacKinnon may be found elsewhere in 
this volume, in connection with the biography of his brother, Donald 
Campbell MacKinnon. 

But an infant when he was brought across the ocean by his parents, 
Alexander MacKinnon was brought up on a farm at Owen Sound, Prov- 
ince of Ontario, where he attended school as opportunity offered. "When 
old enough to handle tools, he began to assist his father in building boats, 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 829 

and afterwards learned the carpenter's trade. Leaving home at the age 
of seventeen years, he eame to the States in search of fortune, locating 
at Marquette, Michigan, just at the time the Upper Peninsula was 
becoming somewhat noted as a mining region, although its hidden wealth, 
especially in the Iron and Gogebic ranges, was as yet unrevealed. After 
following the carpenter 's trade for awhile, Mr. MacKinnon spent a year 
in learning to burn charcoal, then an important industry, hut gave it 
up and sought more congenial work. He was for a while variously 
employed, but in 1878, he and his brother, Donald C, came as prospec- 
tors to what is now Iron county, walking from Quinnesec, the nearest rail- 
way station, packing their tents and provisions the whole fifty miles. 
Here Messrs. MacKinnon discovered and filed claims on several different 
mines and tracts of land. Spending the following winter in Quinnesec, 
they returned to Iron county in the spring to explore the mines, and in 
addition to that work cleared about four acres of land in section twenty- 
six, townships forty-three and thirty-five, on which, in the spring of 
. 1882, these brothers built a shanty,the first place of abode in this part 
of the Peninsula. The same spring they planted potatoes, that being 
the first attempt at farming in this part of the state. Very early in the 
same spring Mr, MacKinnon and his brother platted the town of Iron 
River, and during the same year opened the Beta mine. Mr. MacKin- 
non has been a resident here since, and still has an interest in the leases 
of various valuable mining properties. He has never married, the pre- 
siding genius of his household being his sister Mary, who has lived with 
him during his stay in Iron River, as has also Miss May MacGinnis. 

Leon L. Goodnow, M. D. — As an able and popular representative 
of the medical profession in the Upper Peninsula and as one of the 
prominent and influential citizens of Miehigamme, Marquette county, 
where he is serving as a member of the county board of supervisors. 
Dr. Goodnow is entitled to special consideration in this publication. 
He was bom at Churehville, Ontario county. New York, on the 14th 
of June, 1874, and is the only child of Lucius T. and Clara (Housel) 
Goodnow, both of whom were born and reared in the old Empire state 
and the former of whom is now living retired in the city of Cold- 
water, Branch county, Michigan. The mother died in 1901, at the 
age of fifty years. Lucius T. Goodnow was engaged in the hotel 
business at Victor, Ontario county. New York, for a number of years 
and later there engaged in the mercantile business. He finally re- 
moved to Coldwater, Michigan, where he continued in the same line 
of enterprise until 1907, since which time he has lived virtually re- 
tired. He is a Republican in politics and is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity and holds membership in the Presbyterian church, as did 
also his cherished and devoted wife. 

Dr. Goodnow gained his preliminary educational discipline in the 
public schools of Coldwater and in preparation for the work of his 
chosen profession he entered the Bennett Medical College, in the city 
of Chicago, in which he was graduated as a member of the class of 
1896, and from which he received his degree of Doctor of Medicine. 
He thereafter took a postgraduate course in anatomy and surgery and 
in initiating the active work of his chosen profession he located at 
Chicago Heights, Michigan, where he was engaged in practice about 
two years. Thereafter he was a practitioner at Elgin, Illinois, until 
1902, when he came to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and associ- 
ated himself in practice with Dr. John H. Hudson, of Negaunee. This 
alliance continued until 1904, when Dr. Goodnow removed to Mich- 



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830 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

jgamme, where he has since followed the work of his profession and 
where he controls a large and representative private practice of a 
general order, besides which he is physician for the Cleveland Cliff 
Mining Company, the Niagara Mining Company and the American 
Mining Company, whose property is located near Ishpeming, Though 
not a resident of that county the Doctor has served as county physi- 
cian of Baraga county. He keeps in close touch with the advaneea 
made in both the sciences of medicine and surgery and is identified 
with the American Medical Association, the Michigan State Medical 
Society and the Marquette County Medical Society, of which last 
named he served one term as vice-president. He has been a member 
(if the board of supervisors of Marquette county since 1908, when he 
was elected supervisor of Miehigamme township. In politics he is 
affiliated with the Democratic party and he is a Mason of Ishpeming 
Lodge. His religious views are in harmony with the tenets of the 
Episcopal church. The doctor married on March 9, 1900, Miss F, B. 
Thompson, a native of Chicago 

Petee Lhote. — At No8. 319-321 Grand avenue, in the city of Me- 
nominee is located the large and well equipped establishment of Lhote 
Brothers, who are manufacturers' agents, conduct a storage and transfer 
business, and handle vehicles, farm implements, saw-mill machinery and 
supplies, gasoline engines, etc. In connection with this flourishing en- 
terprise the brothers also conducted a livery business, and of the firm the 
subject of this sketch is the senior member. He is known as one of the 
enterprising and reliable business men of Menominee and as such is en- 
titled to recognition in this publication. 

Peter Lhote is a native of Battineourt, Belgium, where he was born 
on the 7th of February, 1865, and he is a son of Nicholas and Mary 
(Barth) Lhote, both of whom were likewise born in Battineourt, where 
the father still resides; the mother died in 1865, shortly after the 
birth of the subject of this sketch, and the elder of her two children 
is John L,, who is engaged in mining operations in Alaska. After the 
death of his first wife Nicholas Lhote, who was born in the year 1829, 
married Miss Susan Stem, who is still living, as are also three of their 
five children,— George, who is a resident of Menominee, Michigan ; 
John, who is associated in business with the subject of this sketch, as 
junior member of the firm of Lhote Brothers ; and Mary, who remains 
in Belgium. 

To the excellent schools of his native land Peter Lhote is indebted 
for his early educational training, and at the age of eighteen years he 
severed the home ties and came to America. His financial resources 
were very limited, but be had the staunch equipment of sturdy phy- 
sique, honesty of purpose, industrious habits and determined spirit, 
so that he was amply fortified to fight the battle of life for himself. 
He landed in New York city and soon afterward made his way to 
Dubuque, Iowa, where he arrived on the 4th of March, 1883. In that 
vicinity he secured work on a farm, and he continued to be thus iden- 
tified with agricultural pursuits until 1886, on the 18th of July of 
which year he made his advent in Menominee, Michigan. For the first 
three mouths he found employment in connection with lumbering op- 
erations, and he then took up a homestead claim of one hundred and 
sixty acres of heavily timbered land in Ontonagon county, Michigan. 
He lived on this claim until he had perfected his title thereto, and 
then he sold the timber on the place and returned to Menominee, 
where he was employed for the ensuing eight months in the local 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 831 

establishment of the great meat-paeking house of Nelson Morris & 
Company, of Chicago. For the following three years he was employed 
in the city of Marquette, and he then returned to Menominee and 
engaged in the retail liquor trade, in which he continued for seven 
years. Thereafter he was engaged in the hotel business at Sister Bay, 
Wisconsin, until 1893, when he again eame to Menominee and estab- 
lished the business in which he is now engaged and in connection with 
which he has built up a large and substantial business. In the enter- 
prise his brother John has been associated with him from the begin- 
ning, and the livery department of the business was made an adjunct 
in January, 1909, when they purchased a well equipped establishment, 
to the facilities of which they have materially added since that time. 
In polities Mr. Lhote is a staunch supporter of the cause of the Demo- 
cratic party, and he is a communicant of the Catholic church, in whose 
faith he was reared. He is affiliated with St. Anne's Court, No. 303, 
Catholic Order of Foresters, and with the local organization of the 
Knights of Columbus. He served as alderman one term and was re- 
elected for the second term. 

On the 15th of June, 1890, Mr. Lhote was united in marriage to 
Miss Margaret Rasor, who was born in Osaukee county, Wisconsin, a 
daughter of Andrew and Leona Rasor, who now reside at Sister Bay, 
that state. Mrs. Lhote, who was a devout communicant of the Catho- 
lic church, was summoned to the life eternal on the 6th of October, 
1908, and is survived by two daughters,— Angeline and Clara. Mr. 
Lhote married on the 25th of January, 1909, Susan Rasor, a cousin of 
his first wife. 

Thomas B. Dunston.— In our age of refined reason and enlightened 
liberty the lives of the virtuous great who have lived and are interred 
in our own state exhibit the most attractive models for our emulation, 
for they have ennobled and blessed the state and nation. Few have 
been fraught with greater import for the advancement of the good of 
mankind than that of Thomas B. Dunston. The 23d of May, 1902, 
marks the time when Hon, Thomas B. Dunston was summoned from the 
scenes of his mortal endeavors and it was a day of deep mourning in 
the city of Hancock. His life was ordered along clean, moral prin- 
ciples and the success and good which he achieved were the outcome 
of his sterling integrity of character and his consecrated devotion to " 
what he considered the noblest things in life. As a lawyer he was 
most honorable and straightforward and his able and willing service 
in behalf of the public assure him a secure place in the memories of his 
fellow citizens. 

Mr. Dunston was bom in Camborne, county of Cornwall, England, 
on the 4th of January, 1850, and he was a son of Captain James Duns- 
ton, likewise a native of the same county, where he was born on the 
5th of December, 1827. In 1853, he eame to America but returned in 
1854 and brought his wife and family, the subject of this review being 
but four years of age. Captain Dunston located in Ontonagon 
county, Michigan, where he found employment in the Ohio & Trap 
Rock mine, of which he became captain and superintended the 
work until 1860, when he resigned in order to accept the captaincy for 
the Amygdaloid, Keweenaw. Later he became captain of the Central 
mine and in 1879 became agent for this mine, remaining incumbent of 
this position until his retirement in January, 1893. He thereafter re- 
sided in Hancock until his death, which occurred on the 6th of Jan- 
uary, 1902. The maiden name of the mother of Thomas B. Dunston 



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832 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

was Emma Bree, and she was also born in county Cornwall, England, 
and passed away on the 13th of October, 1904, at a venerable age, 
her death occurring at Hancock. 

Mr. Dunston, who was an only child, received excellent educational 
advantages in his youth. His preliminary training was that afforded 
by the public schools of Keweenaw county and his academic studies 
were pursued in Lawrence University, at Appleton, Wisconsin, in which 
institution he was graduated as a member of the class of 1871, with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts. In the winter of 1871-2 he was a stu- 
dent in the law department of the celebrated University of Michigan 
and was admitted to the bar of Keweenaw circuit in June, 1872. He 
at once entered upon the practice of his chosen profession and in the 
fall of 1872 he was elected judge of probate and prosecuting attorney 
for the county of Keweenaw, of which oiRces he was incumbent until 
1879, resigning at that time and removing to Pontiac, Michigan, where 
he remained until 1882, in which year he returned to his former home 
at Central mine, Keweenaw county. In the autumn of the latter year 
he became the Republican nominee for the district, comprised of ■ 
Keweenaw, Baraga, Ontonagon and Isle Royal counties, for repre- 
sentative to the state legislature. He was elected by a heretofore un- 
heard of majority. The next fall he removed to Hancock, where he 
maintained his residence until his death in 1902, as already indicated. 
In 1884, as further mark of his ability and popularity he was nom- 
inated for the ofSce of prosecuting attorney and was indorsed by the 
Democrats of his county. In 1888 he was a delegate from Michigan 
to the National Convention at Chicago, v;hich nominated Benjamin 
Harrison, and in 1889 he was elected from the Thirty-second district 
as state senator. In this election he received a majority of over six 
hundred votes. He was an influential member in the state legislature, 
both in the capacity of representative and senator, and served on various 
important committees. In 1896 still greater honor was conferred upon 
him in that he was then elected by a large majority as lieutenant gov- 
ernor of the state. Upon retiring from this office, Mr. Dunston re- 
sumed the practice of law at Hancock, where he proved himself an 
able and versatile trial lawyer, well fortified in the learning of his 
profession. Here he became an interested principal in various indus- 
trial and financial institutions of wide scope and importance. He was 
President of the Victoria Jlining Company and a director in the Advent- 
ure Consolidated Mining Company, the Quiney Mining Company and the 
Copper Range, the Rhode Island Mining Company ; president of the 
Ontonagon County National Bank, at Rockland, and a director of the 
First National Bank of Hancock and of the First National Bank of 
Calumet. He was appointed by Governor Rich as a member of the 
board of control of the Michigan College of Mines and later was pres- 
ident of the board of control of that institute which position he held 
at the time of his death. 

In politics Mr. Dunston gave a stanch allegiance to the principles 
and policies for which the Republican party stands sponsor and was 
an active worker in its local councils. In a fraternal way his affilia- 
tions were as here noted: Keweenaw Lodge, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows ; Quiney Lodge, No. 135, Free & Accepted' Masons ; Gate 
of Temple Chapter, No. 35, Royal Arch Masons; Montrose Command- 
ery, Knights Templars; and Ahmed Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of 
the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He was a deep and appreciative 
member of the time-honored Masonic organization. 

On the 22d of July, 1875, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 833 

Dunston to Miss Mary A. McDonald, who was bom in Haze! Green, Wis- 
consin, on the 28th of November, 1854, and who is a daughter of Cap- 
tain Samuel and Helen (Hannah) McDonald, the former of whom was 
born in the county of Cornwall, England, of Scotch parentage, and the 
latter of whom was a native of Creetown, Scotland. When a young 
man Captain McDonald removed to Scotland, where he was engaged 
in mining operations until 1854, when he emigrated to America and 
located in the southwestern portion of Wisconsin, where he was em- 
ployed in the lead mines until 1859, when he took up his residence in 
Keweenaw county, finding employment in the Clifl mine. Later he 
was tendered and accepted the position of captain of the Sheldon & 
Columbian mine, at Portage Lake, which position he retained for a 
period of seven years, when he became interested in the Hancock 
mine. In 1876, he retired from active business affairs and took up 
his residence in Pontiae, where he remained until the death of his 
cherished and devoted wife, who passed away on the 8th of May, 1880. 
Her husband survived her by nine years, his death having occurred on 
the 28th of July, 1889, in Hancock at the venerable age of seventy- 
three years. Both were devout communicants of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church and he was a member of Keweenaw Lodge, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. Mrs. Dunston was their only child. Mr. and 
Mrs. Dunston became the parents of five children, four of whom are 
now living, — Robert P., James S., Helen B. and Emma H. Robert P., 
who is engaged in commission business, resides at Hancock. On the 
10th of August he was united in marriage to Miss Laura Stein and they 
have two daughters, Mary E. and Helen V. James S. is with the bro- 
kerage firm of Hornblower & Weeks of New York City, and he mar- 
ried on the 27th of April, 1904, Miss Eda L. Kempshall and they are 
the parents of three children, — Alice, Eda and Thomas. Helen B. 
is the wife of Charles W. Wright, a son of Charles E. Wright, formerly 
State Geologist of Michigan and they reside in Sardinia, Italy. Emma 
H. married September 14, 1910, George A. Osborn of Sault Ste. Marie, 
son of the Republican candidate for governor of Michigan. Mr. and 
Mrs. Dunston were also communicants of the Protestant Episcopal 
church, in which faith they reared their children.' 

Stanley D. Nkwton.— As resident manager for Hammond, Standish 
& Co., the Detroit packers, for the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, Mr. 
Newton is numbered among the essentially representative businera men 
of Sault Ste. Marie, where he has maintained his home since 1905. 

Mr. Newton was born at Park Hill, Ontario, June 11, 1874, and is 
the second and only surviving son of E. H. and Julia (Smith) Newton. 
The father died in Bay City, Michigan, in 1896, and in that city his 
widow still maintains her home, having married Mr. John Hicks, a 
prominent wheat and cattle raiser of Milbank, South Dakota, and Bay 
City. E. ;H. Newton was a child at the time of the emigration to Amer- 
ica of his parents, who were successful farmers in New York. He 
was engaged in agricultural pursuits in New York and Ontario until 
1884, when he removed to Bay City, where he engaged in contracting 
and building, in which line of enterprise he was prominently identified 
with the upbuilding of the southern part of the city after the same 
was swept by fire in 1891. He was a member of the Masonic fraternity 
and a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, as is also his widow. 
Stanley D. Newton gained his early educational training in the public 
grammar and high schools of Bay City, and when seventeen years of 
age he became a reporter for the Bay City Times. Later he entered the 



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834 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

employ of the Bay City Beef Company as office boy and assistant book- 
feeeper. In tliis connection he familiarised himself with all the details 
of the meat business. He became bookkeeper and city salesman suc- 
cessively, and from 1900 to 1905 he was traveling salesman for the 
company in the Flint and Lansing districts. In the year last mentioned 
he established his home in Sault Ste. Marie and has since remained 
there in charge of Hammond, Standish & Company's Sault Ste. Marie, 
St. Ignaee, Gladstone, Eseanaba and Marquette divisions. The business 
of the company in this territory reaches the annual aggregate of half 
a million dollars, and a large number of traveling salesmen and other 
employes are required. 

Mr. Newton's activities aside from the above include the invention 
and manufacture of a handy two-wheel delivery cart for the retail 
butcher trade, manufactured by the Bay City Vehicle Company, of 
which Mr. Newton was president up to the time of his removal to Sault 
Ste. Marie. The cart is used extensively in all parts of the civilized 
world, and has proved a decided success. 

He is also author and compiler of the book "Mackinac Island and 
Sault Ste. Marie," an entertaining record and story of this, the country 
of greatest historical interest in the Northwest. The picturesque charm 
of the North Country is shown to be supplemented by the stirring 
events of three hundred years under the flags of Prance, Great Britain 
and the United States. 

Mr. Newton is a member of Joppa Lodge No. 315, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, and of Sault Ste. Marie Chapter. His political allegiance 
is given to the Republican party. 

In 1895 Mr. Newton was united in marriage to Miss Wilmetta 
Steenbergen, who was bom in the state of Illinois, as were also her 
parents, William and Jeannette (Bates) Steenbergen, both of whom 
are now deceased. The ancestry of this family is traced back many 
hundred years, one branch rising in the city of Steenbergen, Holland, 
and another flourishing in the old German city of Leipsie. Mr. Steen- 
bergen was engaged in farming in Kentucky and Ohio, whence he 
eventually removed to Illinois, where he followed the same line of 
enterprise until his death, leaving his farm only to serve with honor as 
a soldier of the Union in the Civil war. 

Mr. and Mrs. Newton have three children,— Norma, Irma and 
Stanley D. Jr. 

Julian Edoin, who has retired from active business life and resides 
in Eseanaba, was born in Chateaugay county, province of Quebec, 
April 7, 1840. He is a son of Anthony and Margaret (Martin) Edoin, 
farmers and natives of Quebec province. 

Mr. Edoin was roared in his native place and spent his boyhood 
with his parents; at the age of sixteen years he began working for 
himself, going into the woods in Canada. He was two years in War- 
ren county. New York, and August 1, 1864, located in Fond du Lac, 
Wisconsin. He was there married, in 1865, to Ellen Mullen, a native 
of the state of New York. In 1869 they removed from Fond du Lac 
to the Northern Peninsula of Michigan, locating at Ford River in 
Delta county, where Mr. Edoin became foreman in a lumbering camp. 
He worked nineteen years for the Ford River Lumber Company, and 
then was employed in Wisconsin by the Prairie Lumber Company, as 
foreman. Returning to Delta county, Michigan, he spent two years 
in Eseanaba as foreman for Ford Lumber Company. After another 
two years spent in the employ of Mann Brothers, of Two Rivers, 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 835 

Wisconsin, he retired from active business, and for the past sixteen 
years has been a resident of Escanaba. 

Mr. Edoin has always been an industrious, frugal and prudent 
manager, and has invested his savings to good advantage, He is a 
stockholder in the State Savings Banli of Escanaba, and owns a large 
tract of land in Delta county, besides eity property. He started in 
life as a poor boy, with hia own way to make in the world, and has 
been very fortunate to achieve the financial success he now enjoys. 
Mr. Edoin now owns one of the finest residences in Escanaba, and is 
well known, having been a resident of the Northern Peninsula so 
many years. 

Politically Mr. Edoin is a Republican and is now supervisor of the 
First ward of Escanaba. He served four years as alderman and five 
years as county road commissioner. He has always taken an active 
interest in the public welfare, and was largely instrumental in build- 
ing good roads in Delta county. Mr. Edoin is a man of strict hon- 
esty and integrity, and his good character is recognized wherever he 
is known. He is a member of St. Ann's Catholic church. He and his 
wife have no children of their own but have reared a niece. 

"William E. McClintock.— Inheriting in no small degree the high 
moral principles and habits of industry and thrift characteristic of his 
Scotch ancestors, William E. McClintock has been a resident of Iron 
Mountain for upwards of a quarter of a century, during which time 
he has contributed his share in advancing the material interests of 
this section of the Upper Peninsula. He was born, December 23, 1843, 
in Venango county, Pennsylvania, on the present site of Oil City, on 
the same homestead on which the birth of his father, James McClin- 
tock, occurred January 4, 1800. His grandfather, Hamilton McClin- 
tock, the lineal descendant of one of three brothers who emigrated 
from Scotland to the United States about the middle of the seven- 
teenth century, was bom in Sherman Valley, Pennsylvania, May 21, 
J771. Becoming a pioneer settler of Venango county, Pennsylvania, 
he bought a tract of wild land that is now included within the cor- 
porate limits of Oil City, and in the wilderness erected a log house for 
his first home. Toiling with energy, he cleared a large part of the 
land, and was there a tiller of the soil until his death, in 1857, at the 
venerable age of eighty-six years. He married Mary Culberson, who 
was born September 19, 1775, in Sherman Valley, Pennsylvania, and 
died January 27, 1863, aged eighty-eight years. 

One of a family of ten children, James McClintock grew to man- 
hood on the home farm, and succeeded to the ownership of a part of 
his father's estate. He continued the vocation to which he was 
reared, and until his death, March 30, 1855, was engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits. He married Louisa Reynolds, who was born in Ven- 
ango county, Pennsylvania, September 5, 1802, a daughter of William 
Reynolds, who was born in Worcestershire, England, in 1752. In 
1796 he emigrated to the United States, and the following year be- 
came a pioneer settler of Venango county, Pennsylvania. He bought 
a tract of timbered land while the country was still in its pristine 
wildness, and, with the Indians as his neighbors, began the improve- 
ment of the farm on which his last years were spent, dying there 
June 30, .1820. His wife, whose maiden name was Lydia Thomas, 
was bom in Herefordshire, England, in 1758, and died in Venango 
county, Pennsylvania, in 1826, having borne him ten children. Of 
the union of James and Louisa (Reynolds) McClintock ten children 



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836 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

were born, as follows: Hamilton, John, Maria, Mary Jane, Hugh C, 
Ijydia, Adeline, Racliel, James and William E, 

But eleven years old when his father died, William E. MeClintock 
subsequently lived on a farm with a married sister for a number of 
years, continuing his education as opportunity presented itself, 
tfrowing to manhood, he worked at different occupations, including 
those of clerk and bookkeeper. Leaving Pennsylvania in 1873, he 
lived for a few months in Escanaba, Michigan, from there going to 
Menominee, where he was employed as a clerk for two years. Com- 
ing then, in 1876, to Menominee Range, Mr. MeClintock stopped a 
short time at Waucedah, going from there to Vulcan and thenee to 
Quinnesec, where he started in business with a general stock of mer- 
chandise. Meeting, like many others, with reverses, his mercantile 
career was brief. In 1882 he located in Iron Moimtain, and for five 
years was variously employed. Entering the employ of the Hamilton 
Ore Company as bookkeeper in 1887, Mr. MeClintock was connected 
with that company and its successors until 1909, a period of twenty- 
two consecutive years, his record of service bearing evidence to his 
ability and fidelity. Since his resignation from that position, he has 
been engaged to some extent in the real estate business. 

Mr. MeClintock married first April 18, 1868, Frances Black, who 
was born April 6, 1844, in Clarion county, Pennsylvania, and who 
died November 24, 1868. Mr. MeClintock married for his second wife 
April 7, 1880, Katie Boucher, who was bom in Brown county, Wis- 
consin, February 2, 1861. She passed to the higher life November 
20, 1896, leaving three children, namely: Haliett E., Ina L. and Anna 
I. Haliett E., who, after his graduation from the Iron Mountain 
High School, attended the Michigan School of Mines, is now, in 1910, 
employed in the office of the chief engineer of the Union Pacific 
Railroad Company. Ina L., wife of Olof Been, has one child, Rich- 
ard. Anna I., a graduate of the Iron Mountain High School, subse- 
quently, after attending the University of Michigan for a year, was 
graduated from the State Normal School at Marquette, and is now a 
teacher in the public schools of Ironwood. Fraternally Mr. MeClin- 
tock is a member of the order of Ancient Free & Accepted Masons. 

Akthuk W. Thompson. — A man of versatile talents, and of superior 
business qualifications and judgment, Arthur W. Thompson has for 
many years been identified with the Penn Iron Company, holding posi- 
tions of importance, at the present time having chaise of its buildings, 
its insurance inspector, its loading of ores, and of other departmental 
work. He was bom at Lyme, Grafton county, New Hampshire, September 
7, 1859, a son of D!aniel W. Thompson. His ancestors lived for several 
generations in Vermont, his grandfather, William Thompson, and his 
great-grandfather, Samuel Thompson, Jr., having been bom in London- 
derry, where his great-great-grandfather, Samuel Thompson, Sr., was for 
many years a prosperous farmer. 

Samuel Thompson, Sr., bom May 23, 1751, served as captain of a 
company in the Revolutionary war. He cleared and improved a farm 
in Londonderry, Vermont, and was engaged in agricultural pursuits 
until his death. He married Mary Miller, who was born in 1752, and 
died June 22, 1834. 

Bom on the home farm, in Londonderry, November 27, 177£, Samuel 
Thompson, Jr., spent his entire life in his native town, carrying on 
general farming until his death, September 22, 1853. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Abigail Haskin, was born Julv 27, 1776, and died 
August 13, 1862. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 887 

William Thompson whs bom in Londonderry, Vermont, December 
5, 1813. Inheriting the paternal acres, he managed it successfully a 
few years, and then sold it, and moved to Saratoga county, New York. 
Buying land in Monroe township, he was there engaged in agricultural 
pursuits several years. Selling out, he spent the remainder of his life 
with his son, at Glens Falls, New York, passing away November 28, 
1901. He married Nancy Rugg, who was born November 25, 1814, and 
died December 8, 1879. 

Daniel W. Thompson was bom on the ancestral homestead, in Lon- 
donderry, Vermont, September 22, 1838, and was brought up and edu- 
cated in the Green Mountain state, being twenty-two years of age when 
he moved with the family to Saratoga county, New York. In 1861, 
inspired by patriotic ardor, he enlisted in Company D, Twenty-second 
New York Volunteer Infantry, and served with his regiment until the 
expiration of his term of enlistment, when he was honorably discharged. 
Again, in 1863, he oifered his services to his country, enlisting in Com- 
pany E, Ninety-iirst New York Volunteer Infantry, and was first com- 
missioned second lieutenant, subsequently being promoted to first lieu- 
tenant. He took an active part in many engagements of the war, among 
those of importance having been as follows: Second Battle of Bull 
Run; Battle of Antietam, and that of Pittsburg Landing, During a 
lull in the engagement at Antietam, Lieutenant Thompson, as he was 
passing a spring, found a comrade. Dr. Harvey King, lying severely 
wounded, with the enemy fast approaching. Assisting the doctor into 
the saddle, the lieutenant grabbed the horse's tail, started him up, and 
both escaped. At the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, the company chained 
a rebel battery three times, at the first assault the captain being killed, 
and at the second the first lieutenant lost his life. The second lieutenant, 
Daniel W. Thompson, commanded the company at the third charge, 
when the rebel battery was captured, and its guns spiked. Being hon- 
orably dischai^ed after the close of the war. Lieutenant Thompson re- 
turned to his home, and for awhile thereafter was employed, at Albany, 
in the office of the Secretary of State. Subsequently engaging in the 
insurance business at Glens Falls, he was there a resident until hia 
death, in November, 1868. 

Lieutenant Daniel W. Thompson married, in 1857, Sophia Frances 
Hodgkin, who was born, June 19, 1843, in Putney, Vermont, a daughter 
of Seth W. Ilodgkin. Her grandparents. Ever and Charlotte (Briggs) 
Hodgkin, were life-long residents of Putney, Vermont, living and dying 
on their farm. Seth "W. Hodgkin was born on the home farm, January 
27, 1798. He subsequently removed to Troy, New York, where he estab- 
lished a boot and shoe store, and there resided until his death, October 
21, 1866. The maiden name of his wife was Rebecca Bra^. She was 
bora at Westmoreland, New Hampshire, a daughter of Benjamin and 
Anna (Shirley) Bragg, the former of whom was of English descent, 
and the latter of Scotch ancestry. Rebecca (Bragg) Hodgkin died 
March 17, 1876, aged sixty-seven years. Surviving her first husband, 
Mrs. Sophia Frances (Hodgkin) Thompson married for her second hus- 
band George W, Langdon. She is now living at Vulcan, with her son 
Arthur, who is her only living child, her other child, Lillie Louise, hav- 
ing died at the age of six years. 

Receiving his preliminary education in the city schools of Albany, 
Arthur W, Thompson subsequently completed his early studies at the 
Giens Falls Academy. He afterwards operated pleasure boats on Lake 
George for three summers, and the following three summers had charge 
of Carey B. Moon's steamers on Lake Saratoga. Entering then the em- 



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838 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

ploy of the New York Central Railroad Company, he was at first a 
fireman, later becoming an engineer. Resigning his position in 1890, he 
entered the employ of Norwood & Butterfield, lumbermen, and went to 
Mississippi, where he had charge of building roads for the firm, and of 
clearing mill sites. At the end of nine months, the climate not agreeing 
with him, he resigned, his resignation taking effect in August, 1891. 
The same fall Mr. Thompson came to Vulcan, and in February, 1892, 
began work with the Penn Iron Company as time keeper, with which 
he has since been associated. He served as time keeper but a short time 
when he was made surface foreman, and he has since served in different 
capacities, at the present writing, in 1910, looking after the Company's 
buildings, equipments, insurance, shipments of ore, and the many other 
things requiring attention. 

On June 24, 1880, Mr. Thompson was united in marriage with Cora 
Belle Gleason, who was born in Caldwell township, Warren county, 
New York, August 11, 1860, a daughter of Reuben L. Gleason. Her 
grandparents, Ingalls and Lueinda (Parker) Gleason, moved from Ver- 
mont to New Yoik state, and spent their last years on a farm in Caldwell 
township. Born in Granville, Vermont, Reuben L. Gleason accompanied 
the family to New York state. One day in 1862, when he and his brother 
were busy shingling a barn, some friends came along on their way to 
enlist. Reuben said to his brother, — "We will go and enlist, and the 
war will be over before the snow flies, and we can then finish shingling." 
Leaving their job, both enlisted in Company B, One Hundred and 
Twenty-third New York Volunteer Infantry. At the close of the war, 
after serving gallantly for three years, Reuben L. Gleasou was honor- 
ably discharged, and returning home engaged in butchering, and dealing 
in provisions, building up an extensive trade in meat at the popular 
summer resorts. He spent his last days in Caldwell township, passing 
away October 16, 1895. His first wife, Sarah Ann (Brown) Gleason, 
the mother of Mrs. Thompson, died in 1867, and he married for his 
second wife Melissa A. Williams, who now resides in Vulcan. She has 
two daughters, and one son, but Mrs. Thompson was the only child by 
the first marriage. 

Mr. and Mrs. Thompson have one child, Sadie S. Thompson, born 
December 26, 1883. She has received excellent educational advantages, 
after her graduation at the Norway High School, and at the State Nor- 
mal School at Marquette, taking a course of study at the University of 
Michigan, in Ann Arbor. She is now in charge of the stenographic de- 
partment at the Lansing Business University, In his political aifijiations, 
Mr. Thompson is independent, voting for the best men and measures, 
regardless of party restrictions. He is now serving as a member of the 
Board of Supervisors. Fraternally he belongs to Norway Lodge, No. 
362, F. & A. M. ; to Iron Mountain Chapter, No. 121, R. A. M. ; to Hugh 
McCurdy Commandery, No. 43, K. T. ; and to Ahmed Temple, Order of 
the Mystic Shrine, at Marquette. Mr. and Mis. Thompson, and their 
daughter are members of Chapter No. 251, 0. E. S. Mr. Thompson is 
master of the Norway Grange, No. 1447, president of the Dickinson 
County Farmers Institute and president of the Dickinson County Me- 
nominee Range Agricultural Society. 

Martin Eogan.— A pioneer settler of Crystal Falls, Martin Rogan 
has taken an active part in the upbuilding of this section of the country, 
and is widely known as a man of integrity and worth. A son of James 
Rogan, he was bom, November 22, 1841, at Ballston Springs, Saratoga 
county, New York. His grandfather, Bartholomew Rogan, was born in 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 839 

County Mayo, Ireland, of Norman lineage, his ancestry dating back to 
the days of William the Conqueror. He spent his entire life in his na- 
tive county, being employed in stone cutting. One or two of his broth- 
ers, all of whom were stonecutters or stone masons, emigrated to this 
country. 

Born and bred in County Mayo, Ireland, James Rogan came with 
his family to the United States in 1837, locating in Saratoga county, 
New York, where he was engaged in agricultural pursuits for about 
eight years. Industrious and economical, he accumulated considerable 
money in the meantime, and in 1845 returned with his wife and children 
to Ireland. Having while here become familiar with the democratic 
customs of our people, he resented the aristocratic ways of old Ireland, 
refusing to take off his hat to those who claimed to be his superiors, and 
at the end of two years returned to free America. After spending two 
weeks in Saratoga, New York, he moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he 
resided two years. In 1849 he went by way of the canal and lakes to 
Milwaukee, "Wisconsin, and after three weeks in that place proceeded 
by ox teams to Oconomowoc, Waukesha county, which was his home for 
five years. Locating then in Lebanon, Dodge county, he bought a tract 
of timbered land, built a log cabin in the woods and began the improve- 
ment of a farm. Subsequently selling out, he purchased a partly im- 
proved farm in the same county, and there resided until his death, at 
the age of seventy-two years. He married Nancy Carney, who was bom 
in County Mayo, Ireland. Her father, Patrick Carney, served many 
years in the English army, for two years being a member of the King's 
Guards, his service being in Egypt, India and at Gibraltar. He spent 
his last years in his native county. He was a man of line physique, six 
feet and six inches in height, while his brothers were still taller. Mrs. 
Nancy Rogan preceded her husband in death six weeks, passing away 
at the age of sixty-two years. To them nine children were bom and 
reared, as follows: Catherine, Martin, Michael, Bartley, Mary, James, 
Margaret, Anthony B. and Helen. 

Five years old when he accompanied his parents to Ireland, Martin 
Bogan has quite a distinct recollection of the Emerald Isle. As a lad 
he attended the pioneer schools of Wisconsin, making the most of his 
opportunities, but the greater part of his education has been obtained 
through extensive reading of good literature. Commencing young to 
assist his father, he remained with his parents for many years, in ad- 
dition to carrying on general farming and stock raising making a spe- 
cialty of cultivating hops. In 1876 Mr. Rogan came to the Upper Penin- 
sula and spent a year, afterward living in Wisconsin two years. In 
1879 he made a second visit to this section of Michigan, coming by rail 
to Quinnesec, the railroad terminus, then with team to Bass Lake, where 
he spent a few days before returning to his home in Wisconsin. While 
here he learned from the Mally Brothers of the prospect for ore in what 
is now Iron county, and in 1881 located at what is now Crystal Palls. 
A sawmill stood one-half mile south of the place, but there was not a 
building on the town site. 

A few days later he returned to Florence, Wisconsin, but in June, 
1881, returned as cook to what is now the Bristol Mine, remaining in 
that capacity four months. Coming then to Crystal Falls, Mr. Rogan 
bought a house lot, and that winter was employed as night watchman at 
the mill. In the spring of 1882, he embarked in the real estate business. 
He then built on his lot, established a boarding house, and for a year 
M'as engaged in exploring. He subsequently became a contractor in 



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840 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

grading, excavating cellars, and putting in cellar walls, being sneeesa- 
fuUy engaged in this industry for many years. He is now living some- 
what retired from active pursuits, being afflicted with rheumatism. 

Mr. Rogan married, in 1885, Catherine Carney, who was bom in 
Saratoga county. New York, a daughter of Patrick and Ann (Welch) 
Carney, and to them three children have been born : Joseph M., George 
M. and Ellen A. Rogan. 

Louis Stoekly. — Honored for his upright principles and sterling 
traits of character, Louis Stoekly, of Iron Mountain, has been promi- 
nently associated with the development and progress of this section of 
the Upper Peninsula and has rendered appreciated service to his fel- 
low citizens in various positions of trust and responsibility, at the pres- 
ent time, in 1910, serving as county treasurer of Dickinson county. A 
son of Jacob Stoekly, he was born, July 11, 1866, in Saukville, Ozaukee 
county, Wisconsin, of thrifty Swiss ancestry, his paternal grandparents 
having been lifelong residents of Switzerland. 

Bom in Switzerland, November 30, 1819, Jacob Stoekly learned the 
trade of a wood-worker when young, becoming an expert lathe operator. 
He subsequently followed his trade in his native land a number of years, 
living there until after his marriage. Accompanied by his wife and 
their two children, he came to the United States and located in Sauk- 
ville, Wisconsin, where be continued at his trade several years. Remov- 
ing then to Fountain City, Wisconsin, he established a factory, and with 
characteristic forethought and enterprise began the manufacture of 
spinning wheels, which were in common use in every household in that 
section of the country, and in that line of indimtry built up a large busi- 
ness, making the wheel, and on his forge all of its accompaniments. Re- 
tiring from active pursuits in 1896, he came to Iron Mountain, and 
resided here until his death, in 1906, in the eighty-sixth year of his age. 
He married Mary Mentz, who was bom in Switzerland and died, in 
1895, in Wisconsin. She reared five children, of whom two, Susie and 
a child that died in mid-ocean, were bom in Switzerland, while the 
other three children, Adolph, John and Louis, were bom in Wisconsin. 

Obtaining a practical education in the public schools of Fountain 
City, Wisconsin, Louis Stoekly became a clerk in a drug store at the 
age of seventeen years, continuing in the store three years. Resigning 
his clerkship then, on account of ill health, he came with a surveying 
gang to the Upper Peninsula, and for a few months assisted in survey- 
ing the route of the Northern Wisconsin, Duluth, South Shore & At- 
lantic Railroad. Coming to Iron Mountain in the spring of 1887, Mr. 
Stoekly was here engaged in the drug business until 1908, since which 
time he has devoted his time and energies to his official duties. 

In 1893 Mr. Stoekly was united in marriage with Julia Oderbolz, 
who was bom at Black River Falls, Jackson county, Wisconsin. Her 
father, Uhlrich Oderbolz, was born in Switzerland, while her mother was 
of German descent. Mr. and Mrs. Stoekly have one child, Mary Louise. 
A stanch Republican in his political views, Mr. Stoekly made his first 
entry into public life when he was elected to represent the Fifth ward 
on the county board of supervisors. He has since served on the local 
school board, and was again elected supervisor. In 1901-2 he was elected 
to the office of city treasurer. He has served two years as mayor of Iron 
Mountain, and in 1906 was elected county treasurer, and at the expira- 
tion of his terra, in 1908, was reelected to the same high position among 
the county officials. Fraternally Mr. Stoekly is a member of Hematite 



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THE KOETI-IEKN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 841 

Lodge, No. 123, K. of P.; of Oak Leaf Camp, No. 2885, M. W. A,; and 
of Gultenburg Lodge, No, 7, Sons of Herman. 



Charles J. Osterberc. — Distinguished as one of the original s 
of Iron Mountain, and being the only one living, Charles J. Osterberg 
has been closely associated with the rapid development and growth of 
this part of the Upper Peninsula, and as junior member of the firm of 
Halberg & Osterberg is carrying on a substantial mercantile business. 
He was bom, April 2, 1856, at Soderkoping, Ostergothland, Sweden, 
where his parents, one brother and two sisters, are still living. Five 
of his brothers, Harry and Hugo, twins, Robert, Jean, and Iver, emi- 
grated to this country, and have here established their homes. Leaving 
school at the age of seventeen years, Charles J. Osterberg served an 
apprenticeship at the machinist's trade in Stockholm, and was there 
employed in his chosen occupation until 1879. In that year, filled with 
the ambitious hopes of energetic youth, he came to the United States, 
and in Chicago secured employment with the Menominee Mining Com- 
pany, and was given free transportation to the town of Norway, Dickin- 
son county, Michigan. After working a short time as shoveler at the 
stock pile, he was selected as one of a party of explorers, and was sent 
in a box ear to Quinnesec. There the little band of eight people, includ- 
ing Captain Wicks, started with a four-mule wagon loaded with tools, 
tents, boards and provisions, for the interior, and came to the present 
site of Iron Mountain. About midway of their journey the party passed 
a log cabin occupied by explorers, Keelridge, and near the present site 
of the St. Paul Railway Station stood an empty cabin which had been 
occupied by loggers, those two cabins being the only buildings nearer 
this place than Quinnesec. The company pitched their tents on section 
thirty, and with the boards put up a shack to be used as a kitchen, build- 
ing a roof over the table. Beginning at once to explore, these men 
finally uncovered what is now the Chapin Mine. 

When the cold winter came these pioneer miners often had to sweep 
the snow from the table before eating breakfast, and tbey anxiously 
awaited the building of a house where they could secure board. Just 
before Christmas their hopes were realized, Mr, Marchand opening a 
house which was crowded to the limit until two weeks later, when Jerome 
Rayame opened his boarding house. In the early winter an engine was 
brought here by the mining company, and Mr. Osterberg as engineer 
operated the first engine used at Iron Mountain, and continued as sta- 
tionary engineer for the company until 1884. Embarking then in mer- 
cantile pursuits, he kept a general store here for three years. Going 
then to Iron county, he took up a homestead claim twenty miles north of 
Iron River, erected two log houses on the tract, and was there a resident 
until 1889. Returning then to Iron Mountain, Mr. Osterberg was for 
awhile employed as a clerk, first in a grocery, and later in a hardware 
establishment. Purchasing the building in which he is now located in 
1890, he has sine© been prosperously engaged in the bakery and grocery 
business, since 1895 having been in partnership with Peter Halberg under 
the present firm name of Halberg & Osterberg, 

Having never married, Mr. Osterberg is free from the cares and per- 
plexities of domestic life, while his only knowledge of its comforts and 
happiness is gleaned from observation. Fraternally he is a mcmlwr of 
Nordst Jernan Lodge, No. 15, S. H. & E, F. 

John B. Calvi, — Well and favorably known as a young man of high 
priiK-iph's and right thinking. John B. Calvi, a rising young lawyer of 



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842 THE NORTHEEN PEjNINSIILA OF MICHIGAN 

Iron Mountain, is prominent in municipal affairs, in which he takes 
ED intelligent interest, and is bending all of his energy to make a 
success of his chosen profession. A son of Peter Calvi, he was born, 
August 17, 1878, in Milan, Italy, which was the home of his ancestors 
as far back as his lineage can be traced. 

Serving an apprenticeship when young at the trade of a brick, 
stone and plaster mason, Peter Calvi followed it in Milan, his native 
city, for several years, also working in different cities in France and 
Germany. Coming to Ameiica in 1880, he followed his trade for a 
time in Negaunee, Michigan, going from there to Norway, and later 
locating at Iron Mountain, where, in 1886, he was joined by his wife 
and son. He has since continued his residence in this city, and has 
here carried on an excellent biisiness, by his honesty and fair dealings 
winning for himself not only a handsome competency, but gaining an- 
enviable reputation as a worthy and desirable citizen. He married a 
native daughter of Italy, and to them, four children have been bom, as 
follows: John B., the only child bom in Italy, Rosie, Keeier and 
Henry. 

At the age of eight years, having previously attended scliool in 
Milan two years, John B. CaJvi came with his mother to Iron Moun- 
tain, and here continued his education, passing through the ditferent 
grades and being graduated from the high school with the class of 
1899. The following three years he was variously employed, for one 
year serving as clerk in the oiBce of E. T. Miller. Entering the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, in 1901, Mr. Calvi was there grad- 
uated in 1903, and immediately admitted to the bar. Going then to 
Ontonagon, he was for fourteen months assistant to "W. E. Adams, 
district attorney, but since that time has been actively engaged in the 
practice of his profession at Iron Mountain. 

In 1905 Mr. Calvi was elected city clerk, and has served most sat- 
isfactorily in that position ever since. He is a steadfast Republican in 
politics, and fraternally is a member of Escanaba Council, No. 64, K. 
of C; Crescent Lodge, No. 700, B. P. O. E.; and of Iron Mountain 
Aerie, No. 428, Order of Eagles. 

Charles P. Sundstbom has been a resident of the Upper Peninsula 
since he was a child of four years, and here he has not only attained 
success in connection with the practical activities of life but has also 
gained the implicit confidence and high regard of his fellow men, as 
is shown by the fact that he has been called upon to serve in various 
offices of local trust and responsibility. He is one of the influential 
citizens of Michigamme, Marquette county, in which village he is en- 
gaged in the general merchandise business. 

Charles F. Sundstrom was bom in Atvideberg, Sweden, on the 10th 
of March, 1865, and is a son of August F. and Christina Sundstrom, 
the former of whom was bom in 1840 and died in 1905, at Iron Moun- 
tain, Michigan. The mother is now living at Iron Mountain, this state, 
and of the six children five survive,^E]ma, who remains with her 
widowed mother; Amanda, who is the wife of Charles Anderson, of 
Iron Mountain; Julia, who is the wife of Andrew Swanson, of Iron 
Mountain ; Rose, who is the wife of Charles Peterson, of Iron Moun- 
tain; and Charles F., who is the subject of this sketch. The father 
was identified with mining operations in his native land, where he 
remained until 1869, when he emigrated with his family to America 
and came forthwith to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. For one 
year he was employed as a miner in the Calumet and Ilcda mines, and 



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THK NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 843 

he continued as one of the trusted employes of the great corporation 
operating these celebrated mines until 1870. He was at Humboldt for 
three years, and for the next twenty years at Michigamme. He then 
established himself in the general merchandise business at Iron Moun- 
tain, where he passed the residue of his life. He was a Republican in ' 
his political proclivities and was a consistent member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, of which his widow has also long been a de- 
vout member. 

As already intimated Charles F. Sundstrom was four years of age 
at the time of the family removal to America, and he gained his early 
educational training in the public schools of Houghton, Humboldt 
and Michigamme. In 1876 he secured employment in the drug store 
of Dr. John Vandeventer, at Michigamme, and later he was in the 
employ of John Hiekey, who conducted a general merchandise enter- 
prise at Jliehigamme. Still later he was employed in a grocery estab- 
lishment in this village, and in 1890 he engaged in the same line of 
enterprise on his own responsibility. Through fair and honorable 
dealings he has built up a prosperous business in Michigamme, and he 
is one of the most honored and influential citizens of this place. In 
1894 he was appointed deputy collector of revenue under the admin- 
istration of President Cleveland, and he resigned this office on the 
1st of July, 1899, after having given most effective service. He served 
five years as township supervisor and has also served as township 
treasurer and treasurer of the board of education in his home village. 
In 1904 he was the nominee of the Democratic party for the office of 
state treasurer, and though he was defeated in the ensuing election 
he ran fifteen thousand votes ahead of his ticket. He is affiliated 
with the Modem "Woodmen of America and the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. His wife holds membership in the Catholic 
church. 

On the 15th of August, 1888, Mr. Sundstrom was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Margaret Goodreau, who was born at Clintonville, New 
York, and who is a daughter of Thomas and Nellie (Lyhene) Good- 
reau, both of whom were likewise natives of the old Empire state and 
both of whom are now deceased. Mr. Goodreau came with his family 
to Michigan and located at Michigamme, where he became foreman 
for a lumber company and where he died at the age of forty-five years, 
his wife having been thirty-eight years of age at the time of her de- 
mise. Their six children, two sons and four daughters, are living. 

Victor A. Lundgren. — -Holding high rank among the prominent and 
prosperous business men of Menominee, Michigan, Victor A. Lund- 
gren is not only the leading druggist of this city but also of Marinette, 
"Wisconsin, where he has a large and well-stocked drug store. He was 
born, April 17, 1875, in Ostersnnd, Sweden, which was likewise the 
birthplace of his parents, Carl A, and Martha (Thorson) Lundgren. 

Born in 1832, Carl A. Lundgren spent the larger part of his life in 
his native land, being profitably . employed in mercantile pursuits. 
Emigrating to this country in 1893, he located in Michigan, spending 
his last years in Menominee, living retired from active business until 
his death, in 1902. His wife, whose birth occurred in 1839, survived 
him about a year, passing away in 1903. Three children were born 
of their union, namely: Carl, living in Sweden; Anna, wife of Adolph 
Ronge, of Marinette, "Wisconsin ; and Victor A. 

Eighteen years of age when he came with his parents to Michigan, 
Victor A. Lundgren here continued his studies, attending first the 



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844 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Menominee Business College and afterwards the Parris Institute at 
Big Rapids, from which he was graduated in pharmacy with the class 
of 1903. Going then to Marinette, Wisconsin, Mr. Luudgren clerked 
for a short time for D. M. John, and then engaged in business for him- 
■ self in that city, at No. 1331 Main street, becoming an importer of 
Swedish patent medicines. He built up an extensive business in that 
line, which he is managing at the present time. Coming to Menominee 
in 1906, Mr. Lundgren piirchased the business of Forsythe & Company, 
and three years later, in 1909, bought the drug stock of R. J. Sawyer, 
and immediately moved to the Sawyer store, at 551 Main street, Me- 
nominee, where he is carrying on a large and remunerative business. 
Honest and upright in his dealings, and a thorough master of his pro- 
fession, Mr. Lundgren is one of the best known and best patronized 
druggists of the Upper Peninsula, and is held in high esteem in both 
Marinette and Menominee. 

On June 1, 1904, Mr. Lundgren married 0)ga Olson, who was born 
in Marquette, Michigan, a daughter of Bernt Olson, and they have one 
son, Victor A. Jr. Politically Mr. Lundgren is an adherent of the 
Republican party, and fraternally he belongs to Menominee Lodge, 
No. 107, K. of P., and to Marinette Lodge, No. 189, I. 0. 0. F. 

Alvin R. Moore for two decades has figured prominently in the affairs 
of Escanaba, Mchigan, and has exerted an influence that has been felt 
for good along the line of substantial development in the town. 

Mr. Moore is a native of the Pine Tree state. He was bom at Madi- 
son, Maine, August 14, 1860, son of Cyrus and Hulda (Russell) Moore, 
both natives of Maine. The Moores, of Scotch and English origin, were 
among the early settlers of the New England States. Grandfather and 
Grandmother Moore were born, passed their lives and died in Maine, 
the former dying at the age of eighty-seven years, the latter at the age 
of e]ght> SIX Mr Moore's father was a farmer and lumberman. He 
died m Maine at the age of fifty-six years. The mother, now seventy- 
five jears of age is a resident of Burnham, Maine. To them were born 
three sons all still living ; Warren C, of Onaiaska, Wisconsin ; Alvin 
R. whose name introduces this sketch, and Willie E., of Long Beach, 
Call to mi a 

Alvin R. Moore spent his boyhood days on his father's farm and re- 
ceived his education in the common schools near his home. In the spring 
of 1879, while still in hia teens, he left the parental home and came west, 
stopping at La Crosse, Wisconsin, where he spent two years, variously 
employed. From 1881 to 1886 he was with the Paine Lumber Company 
of Minneapolis, Minnesota, and from 1886 to 1890 he was purchasing 
agent for the Northern Pacific Railroad Company. In the last named 
year he became a resident of Escanaba, Michigan. Here he has ever 
since been identified with the real estate business and interested from 
time to time in the promotion of various enterprises. For two years he 
was associated with J. H. Clancy, then he became a member of the firm 
of F. J. Mariam & Co., of which, Jn 1896, he bought a controlling interest, 
and has since conducted business under his own name, dealing in real 
estate, fire insurance, etc. Mr. Moore was one of the promoters of the 
Escanaba Street Railway. In 1898 he bought a controlling interest in 
the road, subsequently buUt an additional line, and continued to operate 
the road until 1908. He sold his interest in the company in the following 
spring. Also Mr. Moore was one of the promoters of the State Savings 
Bank, which grew out of the Citizens Bank of Escanaba, and of which 
he is president. And he is proprietor of the Escanaba Stone & Gravel Co. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 845 

Politically, he has always been a stanch Republican and for eight 
years he served as a justice of the peace. In fraternal organizations he 
has for years been prominent and active. He was one of the charter 
members of the Eseanaba lodge of Modem Woodmen of America, In 
October, 1896, he helped to organize No. 354, B. P. 0. E., of which he 
was one of the original officers ; and he is a Knight of Pythias and a 
Mason. In Masonry he has advanced through the various degrees up to 
and including those of the Commandery, the Thirty-Second degree, and 
the Mystic Shrine. 

Andrew Johnson Short, — The name of Andrew Johnson Short is 
well known in Sault Sainte Marie, its owner being of genial nature 
and prominent in business and fraternal circles. The Short home ia 
one of the finest and most beautifully situated on the Northern Pen- 
insula. It overlooks the Government park and lovely St. Mary's 
River, across whose extent lies the Canadian Sault Sainte Marie, 
Prom eighty to one hundred steamers (comprising all the shipping) 
pass the house each day in going through the locks. Mr. Short is now 
retired, having been formerly engaged in the brewing business. He 
served as an alderman from 1890 to 1894, and was candidate for sher- 
itr in fall of 1894. 

Andrew Johnson Short was born in Manitowoc county, "Wisconsin, 
October 9, 1860. His father's name was William Short. He lost his 
mother when only a small child, and his father did not long survive. 
He was the second in a family of four children. His boyhood was 
spent in the usual fashion of American youth and he received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of Manitowoc county, Wisconsin. He 
spent one year learning the blacksmith's trade with some idea of 
making it his life work. At sixteen years of age he moved to Baileys 
Harbor, Wisconsin, and spent two busy years working as a smithy. 
Fortunately he was not afraid to make a change and at the end of this 
time he removed to Menominee, Michigan, where he secured employ- 
ment with the Marinette Lumber Company. His services were of 
excellent character and he remained in this association for ten years. 
being advanced to foreman, in which he continued for four years. 
Thereupon resolving to make an independent business venture, he 
went to Republic, Michigan, and established the firm of Short & La 
Pay, a livery business. At the end of two years, however, he sold his 
interest and took the agency of the Getterman Brewing Company of 
Milwaukee. In 1888 he came to Sault Sainte Marie, where he con- 
tinued in the agency of this large concern, and in February, 1895, he 
removed to Omaha where he became western agent for the same com- 
pany. In July, 1901, he returned to Sault Sainte Marie and built a 
brewery in the Canadian Sault Sainte Marie. This he conducted with 
remarkable success until April, 1910, when he sold the business and 
retired, although at a comparatively early age for such a step. He 
has various interests, however, and his life is by no means inactive. 

Mr. Short is an enthusiastic Democrat, believing implicitly in the 
superiority of the measures and policies of the Jeffersonian party. He 
is a member of the Sault Sainte Marie Lodge, No. 123, Independent 
Order of Odd PeHows, and of Lodge No. 552, Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. 

On June 25, 1890, Mr. Short took as his wife Miss Sarah Fegan, a 
native of Canada and daughter of Edward Pegan. Mr. Fegan moved 
to Michigan in 1883, and was one of Chippewa county's prosperous 
farmers. They have one daughter. Miss Vema. Mr. Short is a self- 



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846 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

made man, and his efforts at personal construction have been so thor- 
oughly successful that he is now accounted one of the substantifil 
citizens of Sault Sainte Marie. He likes to travel and seek fresh 
scenes, and reccDtly made an automobile trip to Chicago, stopping in 
Milwaukee and other cities which had been the scenes of his former 
activities, and visiting his old home in Manitowoc county, "Wisconsin, 
for the first time in thirty years. The journey took him over seven- 
teen hundred miles. 

J. M. Clifford, of Escanaba, Michigan, dock agent for Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul Railway Company, was born in Sheboygan, Wis- 
consin, September 17, 1861. His father, Jeremiah Clifford, a farmer, 
was bom in Ireland, and came to America when about twenty-one 
years old and settled in Sheboygan county, Wisconsin, when about 
twenty-five years old. His wife, Johanna Horgan, was also bom in 
Ireland, and came to America when about eighteen years old; she 
died when about seventy. They were parents of nine children, all 
but one of whom lived to maturity, that one having died at the age of 
three years. J. M. Clifford is the youngest child, 

Mr. Clifford spent his early life in Sheboygan, and there attended 
the public school. When fourteen years old he began working in the 
railroad business, and shortly afterward began learning telegraphy 
at Hulbert, Wisconsin, with the Wisconsin Central Road. He was 
telegraph operator at various points and also worked as brakeman 
for a time and for about two years he worked as traveling auditor for 
the Milwaukee & Northern Railroad. In 1886 he became station agent 
at Iron Mountain, Michigan, where he remained until 1901. The 
road which was first the Wisconsin Central later became the Mil- 
waukee & Northern, and finally became a part of the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul Road, these changes having been made during the 
time he was in the employ of the companies. Since 1901 Mr. Clifford 
has been in charge of the ore dock at Escanaba. He is a self-made 
man, and highly respected. 

In 1886 Mr. Clifford married Katherine, daughter of Arthur Con- 
nelly and his wife, of Chilton, Wisconsin, and they have two sons and 
one daughter, Jerold F., Paul M. and Genevieve M. Mr. Clifford has 
been a resident of the Northern Peninsula twenty-three years, and is 
widely known. He has always been actively interested in public af- 
fairs, although since coming to Escanaba he has not taken very much 
part in political matters. He served on the school board four years, 
two of which he was secretary; he was alderman six years and mayor 
two years in Iron Mountain. 

Edgar Alonzo Babkek. — The business representatives of Ingalls in- 
clude Edgar Alonzo Barker, a dealer in lumber and in general mer- 
chandi.se. He was bom at DePere, Wisconsin, May 25, 1853, born to 
the marriage union of Walter and Mary (Havilen) Barker, both na- 
tives of the state of New York, the father bom in 1822 and the mother 
in 1820, at Saratoga Springs. They were married in that state, and 
soon afterward went to Janesville, Wisconsin, and settled on a farm. 
They were there for two years, and then in 1852 moved to Brown 
county, same state, locating on a farm near DePere, where they set- 
tled among the pioneers of that locality, theirs having been the third 
log cabin erected in the neighborhood. In time Mr. Barker wrested 
a good farm from out the w^ilderness there, but later sold the land 
and moved to Morrisontown in Brown county, where he purchased 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 847 

another tract of timberland, cleared about sixty acres and made im- 
provements, but finally left there and went to California. He spent 
the remainder of his life in the Golden state and died in the year of 
1908. lie was first a Whig and later a Republican in his political 
affiliations, Mrs. Barker died in the year of 1904, Three of their six 
children are living, — Edgar, George and Solomon. 

The boyhood days of Edgar A. Barker were spent on the home 
farm, attending school during the winter months and helping in the 
fields during the summers. He also served as a fireman in a steam 
saw mill in Greenleaf, Wiscoiisia, for nine months, afterward going 
to DePere and spending one summer in fishing. In the fall of 1879 he 
came to Michigan and located on a farm in section 6, Ingallstown 
township, and after spending one year in a shanty on the land he 
built a log house and in time succeeded in clearing his land, while in 
1886 he erected a frame house and continued to follow general farm- 
ing vintil in 1903 he became the owner and proprietor of a saw mill 
four miles east of Ingalls. In 1896 he sold his mill to engage in a 
general mercantile business in Ingalls. He has filled many township 
offices, and is a member of the Maccabees lodge at Ingalls, His polit- 
ical support is given to the Republican party. 

On the 1st of January, 1876, Mr, Barker was married to Elizabeth 
A. Croto, born at New Lisbon, "Wisconsin, November 14, 1859, and 
she died on the 12th of August, 1899. Of the twelve children bom of 
the union the seven now living are: Rose B,, wife of Thomas LaVeck, 
living at Daggett, Michigan ; George, who married Carrie Bauprey 
and is living at Ingalls; Ida A., wife of E, C. Haywood, of Cedar 
River, this state; Charles F. ; Amy, wife of Samuel Bebo; Mabel M., 
at home; and Clifford. 

Oscar Keckonen, — Many of the strongest and most able business 
men of the Upper Peninsula were born on the other side of the broad 
Atlantic, noteworthy among the number being Oscar Keckonen, an 
active and prominent citizen of Calumet, Houghton nounty, who is 
widely and favorably known as manager of the Keckonen Hardware 
Company, Born in Finland in 1876 he came to this country with his 
parents in 1881, and was here brought up and educated. Beginning 
life as a clerk, he became familiar with mercantile affairs while work- 
ing for others, and when sure that he had thoroughly mastered the 
details connected with trade, he embarked in business on his own ac- 
count in 1898. 

In 1905 the business was incorporated as the Keckonen Hardware 
Company with Mr, Keckonen as president, treasurer and general man- 
ager. The company is carrying on an immense business, its trade ex- 
tending to all parts of the county. The substantial brick building 
owned and occupied by the company is three stories in height, ita 
three floors and basement being used all of the time, their large and 
complete stock of goods requiring all available space. The company 
has also two large warehouses located on the Copper Range Railway, 
where the heavier goods are stored, 

A Republican in politics, Mr. Keckonen takes a lively interest in 
the selection and election of good men to fill the various local offices 
of the village, and is at the present time serving his second term in 
the village council of Red Jacket, Mr. Keckonen is married, and 
has an interesting family of seven children. Praternally he is a 
member of Modem Woodmen, Knights of the Modern Maccabees and 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 



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848 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

John Edward Jones.— The life of the late John Edward Jones, cut 
off as it waa in its prime by the hand of death, nevertheless exerted 
a beneficent and lasting inlluenee upon the community in which he 
was best known, and in consequence he was loved and esteemed. The 
announcement made Wednesday morning, June 23, 1904, that he had 
passed away, cast a gloom over alt Lake Linden, where for a number 
of years he had made his home. 

Mr, Jooea was bom at Rockville, Wisconsin, Mareh 3, 1863, and in 
June of that year he went to Hancock, Michigan, with his mother to 
join the husband and father who had preceded them in November, 
1862. It was in Hancock that a great part of Mr. Jones' life was 
spent. He received his education in the public schools, graduating 
from the high school when seventeen years of age, and a little later 
entering the employ of the First National Bank, By the exercise of 
untiring zeal and devotion to business he was in the course of time 
promoted to the responsible position of head bookkeeper, which he 
held until August, 1889, when he resigned to accept the cashiership 
of the newly organized First National Bank of Lake Linden. lie 
continued in this capacity up to the time of his death, his services be- 
ing distinguished by faithfulness and a high order of ability. He was 
also a director of the bank, as well as president of the Lake Linden 
Supply Company, and a director of the Lake Superior General Hos- 
pital and vice-president of the recently organized Cor-Ago Company. 
As a member of the Board of Education for a number of years, he 
made it his affair as far as he was able to elevate the ideals of educa- 
tion. His altruistic tendencies made it but natural that he should be 
active in ehureh work, and as a member and deacon of the Congre- 
gational church his earnest and enlightened offices will long be missed. 
His social and fraternal inclinations found expression in his lodge 
connection. He w'as high in the councils of the Masonic order, being 
past master of the John Ihincan Lodge of Lake Linden, a member of 
the Gate of the Temple Chapter of Hancock, of Montrose Commandery 
of Calumet, of Ahmed Temple of the Mystic Shrine of Marquette, and 
a thirty-second degree Mason of the Michigan Sovereign Consistory 
of Detroit. 

On March 10, 1892, Mr. Jones was united in marriage to Miss 
Annabelle Maclntyre, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Allan Maclntyre, and 
besides the widow, four children, Allan James, Margaret Sarah, An- 
nabelle and Lucille Edna, the eldest having been eight years old and 
the youngest twenty-two months old at the time of his death, survive 
him. He is also survived by his father, James Jones, a sister, Miss 
Sarah Jones, of Lake Linden, and two brothers, Thomas V., of L'Anse, 
and Dr, Richard R. D. Jones of Calumet. 

In respect to the memory of the deceased, the stores and other 
places of business in Lake Linden were closed during the funeral, the 
flags at the schools and other public places were put at half mast, and 
the many beautiful floral tributes attested in the strongest possible 
fenns to the love and esteem of the people for the deceased. The obse- 
quies were very largely attended, the whole town uniting in paying 
a last tribute to one who will long be remembered. 

The following resolutions were adopted by the directors of the 
First National Bank of Lake Linden, June 25, 1904: "Whereas, On 
June 23rd, 1904, the Supreme Ruler of the universe called to rest one 
of our members, the late John Edward Jones, who has been cashier 
of this bank for nearly fifteen years, therefore be it 

"Resolved, That in his death the town and county lose a public- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 849 

spirited citizen, and the bank an official who ever worked for its suc- 
cess and advancement; be it further 

"Resolved, That we extend to the bereaved ones our heartfelt 
sympathy in this the hour of their affliction; be it further 

"Resolved, That these resolutions be spread upon the records of 
the bank, a copy given to the press, and a copy sent to the family." 

Oliver Evans. — Occupying an assured position among the active 
and esteemed citizens of the Upper Peninsula is Oliver Evans, cashier 
of the Commercial Bank of Iron Mountain, who is widely known in 
busings circles as a man of much ability and of personal worth. A 
native of "Wisconsin, he was bom, January 30, 1857, at Berlin, Green 
Lake county, coming from substantial New England ancestry. 

His father, Oliver Evans, Sr., was born and reared in Milton, Ver- 
mont, where as a young man he learned the shoemaker's trade. Subse- 
quently moving to Wilmington, Essex county, New York, he built a 
house and was there a resident for several years. In 1855, following 
the rapidly increasing tide of emigration, he went to Wisconsin, travel- 
ing by rail from Ogdensburg via Chicago to Sheboygan, then the ter- 
minus of the railroad to Oshkosh, and thence by boat to Berlin. Ac- 
cepting there a position as foreman in a shoe shop, he retained it imtil 
his death in August, 1856, when but thirty-five years of age. He mar- 
ried, in Wilmington, New York, in 1849, Nancy Ann Bunel, who was 
born at Bamston, Stanstead county, province of Quebec, February 15, 
1829, a daughter of Seth Bunel. Bom in Ciaremont, New Hampshire, 
Seth Bunel learned the trade of a blacksmith, and after following it for 
a time in his native state moved to Barnston, Quebec. A few years later 
he settled in Derby, Vermont, and there resided until his death, at the 
age of three score and ten years. He was twice married, the maiden 
name of his second wife having been Olive Ashley, who was bom in 
Ciaremont, New Hampshire, and died in Derby, Vermoiit. She reared 
eight children, among them having been Nancy Ann Bunel, who be- 
came the wife of Oliver Evans, Sr. Left an orphan when fifteen years 
old, Nancy Ann Bunel learned the dressmaker's trade in order that she 
might become self-supporting. The first year after her mother's death 
she lived with an older sister in Canada, afterward making her home 
for a short time with another sister in Derby Center, Vermont. From 
there she went to Wilmington, New York, and married, in 1849, Mr. 
Evans. After the death of her husband she continued her residence in 
Berlin for eleven years, following the dressmaker's trade. Moving then 
to Wausau, she continued at her trade there for a long time, her last 
years, however, being spent at Iron Mountain with her son, her death 
occurring at his home in January, 1910. She was the mother of two 
children, namely: Annie, wife of Aimer D. Stiles, and Oliver. 

After completing the course of study in the public schools of Berlin, 
Oliver Evans took an advanced course at Plover. At the age of twenty 
years, having taught school the previous year, he began to learn teleg- 
raphy at Plover. Becoming proficient in the work, he was employed as 
an operator on the Wisconsin Central Railway, first at Stevens Point, 
then at Menasha, and later at Milwaukee. In 1881 Mr. Evans entered 
the employ of the Northwestern Railroad Company, succeeding L. A. 
Laughlin as station agent at Iron Mountain, retaining the position until 
1889. 

In 1887 Mr. Evans was one of the organizers of the First National 
Bank of Iron Mountain, and was assistant cashier of the institution until 



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850 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

1889, when he resigned his position as station agent and became cashier. 
In 1892 Mr. Evans assisted in the organization of the Commercial Bank, 
of which he has since been the cashier. 

Mr. Evans has been twice married. He married first Olive Fisher, 
who died in 1904. He married for his second wife Irene Bowrii^. Mr. 
Evans has but one child, a daughter named Alice. 

Clyde S. Mackenzie. — A man of scholarly attainments, ability and 
integrity, Clyde S. MacKenzie, the worthy representative of an English- 
Scotch pioneer family of the Upper Peninsula, is rendering excellent 
service as registrar of deeds for Houghton county. A native of this 
county, his birth occurred August 15, 1858, in Hancock. 

His grandfather, Frederick MacKenzie, Sr., was bom and reared in 
Edinburgh, Scotland. As a boy disclosing those inherited talents that 
were afterward to distinguish him, he was sent to London, where he 
became a celebrated water-color artist, and was made secretary of the 
Royal Art Institute. He continued an honored resident of that city 
until his death. His wife, whose maiden name was Sarah Heines, was 
a native of England. They had but two children, Frederick, Jr., the 
father of Clyde S., and Polly, who died in childhood, 

Frederick MacKenzie, Jr., was bom in the city of London, England, 
in 1832, and was there brought up and educated. In 1865, deciding to 
try new ventures, he came to America, locating at Rantoul, Indiana. 
where he tried farming a few months. Having a severe attack of fever 
and ague, he came to the Lake Superior country, which was noted for 
its healthful climate, landing at Eagle River even with the world a« 
regarded his finances. After working a short time at the Pennsylvania 
mine, he removed to Hancock, and the ensuing years was in the employ 
of Charles Holland, first as a delivery clerk, and later as a supply clerk. 
He then accepted the position of supply clerk with the Calumet & Hecla 
ROning Company, at Calumet, and remained with that company about 
twenty years. In the meantime he became a correspondent for the 
Detroit Free Press, and for the Portage Lake Mining Gazette, his writ- 
ings appearing over the nom de plume of "The Parson." While with 
this company, he also embarked in the lumber business as proprietor of 
the Pioneer Lumber Company, and likewise bought the Calumet Evening 
News. After a service of twenty years with the Calumet & Hecla Min- 
ing Company, he resigned his position, and from that time until his 
death, January 17, 1902, devoted his entire attention to the publication 
of his paper. He married Emma Banks, whose parents were life-long 
residents of London, England, and she is now living in Calumet. The 
six children born of their union are as follows : Edith, Nellie, Emma, 
Frederick, Clyde S., and Robert Bruce. 

Leaving school at the age of thirteen years, Clyde S. MacKenzie began 
to learn the art preservative, and served an apprenticeship of four years 
at the printer's trade in the office of the Calumet Evening News, which 
was then published by its founders, Messrs. Kelly and Noble. Going 
then to Buffalo, New York, he was there graduated from Bryant & Strat- 
ton's Business College. Returning to Houghton county, he was subse- 
quently employed in the clerical and reportorial department of the 
Calumet Evening Nems until 1889. Making a trip westward then, Mr. 
MacKenzie was engaged in newspaper work in the states of California 
and "Washington for three years. Coming back to his Calumet home in 
1892, he was a^ociated with his father in the management of his paper, 
the Calumet Evening News, of which, after his father's death, he be- 
came sole manager, and continued in that position until the paper was 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 851 

sold, in 1904. Jlr. MaeKenzie also succeeded his father as eierk of 
Calumet township, and served in that capacity until the fall of 1904, 
when he was elected to his present office as registrar of deeds. 

Mr. MaeKenzie married, in 1892, Helen Keith, a bonnie Scotch lassie, 
who was bom in Huntly, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, a daughter of John 
and Helen (Christie) Keith, life-long residents of Scotland. Helen 
Keith came to Michigan as a young lady to visit relatives, and became 
the bride of Mr. MaeKenzie. Three children have blessed the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. MaeKenzie, namely: Muriel Keith, Dorothy Earle, and 
Clyde Keith. Politically Mr. MaeKenzie east his first presidential vote 
for William McKinley. Fraternally he is a member of Calumet Lodge, 
No. 271, F. & A. M. ; of Gate of the Temple Chapter, No. 35, R. A. M. ; 
of Montrose Commandery, No. 38, K. T. ; of Ahmed Temple, A. A. 0. 
N. M. S.J and of Hancock Lodge, No. 381, B. P. 0. E. 

James R. Spencer.— Making good use of the opportunities our na- 
tion offers to men of energy, worth and ability to rise by their own ef- 
forts to commanding positions in the business world, James R. Spencer 
has gained an honorable position in legal circles, and is successfully 
engaged in the practice of his profession at Iron Mountain. A native 
of England, he was born. May 20, 1862, near the city of Hull, York- 
shire, a son of John Spencer. His grandfather, James Spencer, was 
born in the parish of Riston, Yorkshire, England, of substantial Eng- 
lish ancestry, and spent his ninety years of earthly life in his native 
county. His wife, whose maiden name was Jane Chapman, died in 
middle age, in Yorkshire, the place of her birth. 

John Spencer was born in Hatfield parish, Yorkshire, England, 
March 2, 1834, and was there brought up and educated. Turning his 
attention to agricultural pursuits at the age of fifteen yeais, he followed 
farming principally until early in the '60s he moved to Cleveland, York- 
shire, England, and was there associated in the mining business until 
1879, when, lured by the glowing accounts of the material advantages 
to be gained by the poor man on American soil, he emigrated to the 
United States, and for a few months was employed in the mines at Nor- 
way, Michigan. Coming then to Iron Mountain, he worked several years 
at the old Ludington Mine, later the Chapin Mine, and was subsequently 
engaged in tilling the soil on a tarm of his own in Menominee county. 
Returning to Iron iSIountain, he has since been a resident of this city. 
He married, in 1858, Matilda Spence, who was bom in Beverly, York- 
shire, England, a daughter of Joseph and Alice Spence. She died at 
Iron Mountain, Michigan, June 21, 1907, leaving two children living: 
James R. and John Thomas. 

At the age of sixteen years, having completed his studies in the pub- 
lic schools, James R. Spencer followed various occupations and finally 
embarked as a sailor on a British merchant vessel and spent about four 
years on different vessels. While sailing the sea he visited different 
cities in France, and made one voyage to Australia. He was subse- 
quently employed for a time as street car conductor in his native county, 
New Castle-on-Tyne, and in 1882 be emigrated to America, coming di- 
rectly to Iron Mountain, Michigan, where for a number of years he was 
variously employed at the mines. Going to Ypsilanti in 1889, Mr. Spen- 
cer took a course of study at Cleary's Business College, and after his 
return to Iron Mountain was for a while, in company with his brother, 
engaged in lumbering and stone quarrying. He erected a building of 
importance at Iron Mountain, the Spencer Block, and was the first in 



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852 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

this vicinity to use native stone for building purposes. Going to Crystal 
Falls in 1891, Mr. Spencer was employed at the mines for a year and 
a half, after which he was located at Coal City, Iliinois, for a similar 
length of time. Then, after spending some time with the Fox Solid 
Pressed Steel Company at Joliet, Illinois, Mr. Spencer located in Chi- 
cago, where for about two years he was in the employ of the Deering 
Harvester Company, first in the engineering department and later in 
the shipping department. He afterward clerked for a short time in a 
department store in that city, subsequently becoming buyer for the 
Gouid Company. During his years in Chicago, Mr. Spencer spent his 
leisure time in studying law, spending one vacation at the Illinois Col- 
lege of Law, and in May, 1899, was graduated from the Chicago Law 
School. Being admitted to the Illinois bar, he practiced for a brief time 
in Chicago, coming from there to Iron Mountain. On March 23, 1903, 
he was admitted to practice before the supreme court of Michigan, and 
has since been actively and successfully engaged in the practice of his 
profession at Iron Mountain. 

Mr, Spencer married in England, while there on a visit, Kate Isabel 
Wardle, who was born and bred in Sunderland, County Durham, Eng- 
land, a daughter of Adam and Isabelle Wardle. Mr. and Mrs. Spencer 
are the parents of two children, Benjamin W. and Ruth M: Politically 
Mr. Spencer is afKIiated with the Republican party, and religiously he 
and his family attend the Methodist Episcopal church, 

Robert H. Shields. — Never before has the Northern Peninsula of 
Michigan been so conspicuous and so prosperous, never have elements 
of strength been better organized and working more effectively than 
in this first decade of the twentieth century, marked by opulent 
achievement along all lines of industrial activity and civic advance- 
ment. All this is but the natural result of definite forces working to 
a definite end. The industrial spirit has been quickened in the minds 
of the representative business men and capitalists of the fair "upper 
country," and they have thus been prompted to show forth more 
clearly to the world the great natural and acquired advantages of this 
favored section of the state of Michigan. To those whom, through 
identification with affairs of broad scope and importance, have con- * 
served this social and material progress must be accorded a large 
meed of commendation and credit, and one of the distinct functions 
of this publication is to give specific recognition to those sterling citi- 
zens who stand as veritable captains of industry in the Upper Penin- 
sula. Of this number Mr. Shields is one of prominence, and his success 
and civic status are the more gratifying to contemplate in view of the 
fact that his advancement has been won through his own ability and 
well directed efforts, besides which he claims the Upper Peninsula as 
the place of his nativity. He is one of the leading citizens of the 
thriving and attractive city of Houghton, and is president of the Arca- 
dian Copper Company and the new Baltic Mining Company, two of the 
important corporations engaged in the exploiting of the great mineral 
resources of the Northern Peninsula. 

Robert Hugh Shields was born in Hancock, Houghton county, 
Michigan, on the 22d of May, 1861, and is a son of James and Ann 
(Parker) Shields, the former of whom was bom in Kilmarnock, Scot- 
land, and the latter in Cumberlandshire, England. James Shields, a 
scion of one of the staunch old families of the land of hills and heather, 
was reared to maturity in Scotland, whence he emigrated to America 
when a young man. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 853 

Robert Hugh Shields gained his nidimentary education in tlie pub- 
lic schools of the village of Ripley, Houghton county, Michigan, and 
he early assumed the practical duties and responsibilities of life, thus 
gaining experience that has made him ever appreciative of the dignity 
and value of honest toil and endeavor. "When but eleven years of age 
he secured employment in the stamp mill of the Franklin mine, at 
Hancock, and while continuing his work he did not abate his ambition 
to secure a good education, as he devoted the major part of his other- 
wise leisure time to study and reading, in the meanwhile attending 
school at intervals. That his ambition was one of definite progress 
and accomplishment is shown by the fact that when eighteen years 
of age he proved himself eligible for pedagogic honors and engaged in 
teaching in the district schools of Ripley. Frugal and industrious, he 
carefully saved his earnings and finally was able to entei the Northern 
Indiana Normal School and Business University in the city of Val- 
paraiso, where he continued his studies for two summers, in the mean- 
while finding employment that partially defrayed his expenses. Later 
he completed a thorough course in the Bryant & Stratton Business Col- 
lege in the city of Detroit, in which he was graduated as a member of 
the class of 1883. Thereafter he was engaged in teaching in the pub- 
lic schools of Houghton county until the summer of 1884, when he 
founded at Hancock the Hancock Copper Joumai, a weekly paper, of 
which he continued editor and publisher for two years, at the expira- 
tion of which he sold the plant and business, after having made the 
paper an effective and popular exponent of local interests. There- 
after he was in the employ of the Mineral Range Railroad Company 
until 1890, when he resigned his position to accept that of chief clerk 
for the Centennial Mining Company. In 1892 he was elected county 
clerk of Houghton county, in which office he served for six consecu- 
tive years, by successive re-election. In May, 1898, shortly after his 
retirement from this position, Mr. Shields was appointed chief clerk 
for the Arcadian Copper Company, of which he was made superin- 
tendent two years later. His careful and effective administration of 
the affairs of the company finally received due recognition, as in 1908 
he was elected president of this important corporation, a position of 
which he has since remained incumbent. As chief executive of the 
company he has shown great discrimination and initiative ability, 
through which forces he has done much to advance the interests of 
the corporation. Energy, determination and sterling integrity of pur- 
pose have characterized the business career of Mr. Shields, and his 
success has been on a parity with his splendid powers as an executive 
and administrative officer. 

Broad-minded and progressive as a citizen and taking deep inter- 
est in public affairs, Mr. Shields has been a leader in the councils of 
the Republican party in the Upper Peninsula, and has been influential 
in the manoeuvering of its local forces. He has served since 1904 as 
chairman of the Republican County Committee of Houghton county, 
has been a member of the Republican State Central Committee since 
1906, and has repeatedly served as delegate to county, congressional 
and state conventions of his party. In 1904 Mr. Shields was ap- 
pointed, by Governor Bliss, a member of the state board of tax com- 
missioners, and, through successive gubernatorial appointments, he 
has continued in tenure of this office without interruption, his present 
term expiring in 1915. 

Deeply appreciative of the teachings and benefits of the time- 
honored Masonic fraternity, Mr. Shields has attained therein the 



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854 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

thirty-second degree of the ADcient Accepted Scottish Rite, in which 
his affiliation is with the consistory in the city of Grand Rapids. His 
aifiliations in the York Rite body are here briefly noted: Quincy 
Lodge, No. 135, Free & Accepted Masons; Gate of the Temple Chapter, 
No. 25, Royal Arch Masons ; and Palestine Commandery, No. 48, 
Knights Templars of Houghton. He is also identified with the adjunct 
organization, the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine, in which he holds membership in Ahmed Temple, in the city 
of Marquette. Of this temple he served as illustrious potentate for 
three years. He is also a member of Columbia Lodge, No. 144, Knights 
of Pythias, of Houghton, and of Hancock Lodge, No. 381, Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. He is one of the valued members of the 
new Houghton Club and is its secretary at the time of this writing, A 
man of cordial and genial manners, unostentatious and kindly in his 
association with all classes of men, Mr. Shields holds a secure place 
in popular confidence and esteem and is looked upon as one of the 
essentially representative citizens of the Upper Peninsula. 

On the 14th of September, 1893, was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr. Shields to Miss Carrie K. Merton, who was born and reared in the 
city of Hancock, Houghton county, and who is a daughter of James 
and Marian Merton, who were horn in Scotland and who established 
their home in Hancock in the pioneer days, Mr, and Mrs. Shields are 
the parents of four children, — Marion, Dorothy, Nathan and Merton, 
and their family home is a center of gracious hospitality. 

Edward P. Lott.— A man of sterling character and ability, Edward 
P. Lott, of Iron River, has been closely associated with the advance- 
ment of this section of the Upper Peninsula for many years and occu- 
pies a prominent position among its public-spirited and valued citizens, 
A son of the late Jeremiah Lott, he was bom, December 1, 1844, in 
Muskego, "Wisconsin, coming from Dutch ancestry. 

His grandfather, John Henry Lott, a native of New Jersey, was a 
lineal descendant of one of two brothers, John Lott and Henry Lott, 
who were born and bred in Holland, where their ancestors had settled 
on fieeing from England to escape religious persecution. These broth- 
ers came to the United States in colonial days, settling in New Jersey, 
where many of their descendants still live. About 1820 John Henry 
Lott moved to New York state, and having purchased a large farm 
near Penu Yan, was there engaged in agricultural pursuits the re- 
mainder of his life. 

Jeremiah Lott was born, in 1816, in New Jersey, and was but four 
years of age when his parents settled in Penn Yan, His mother died 
while he was yet a child, and his father married again. Having no 
love for his step-mother, Jeremiah left home when but twelve years 
old, and, joining some of his neighbors, started westward, journeying 
with teams to old Fort Dearborn, the present site of the city of Chi- 
cago. The land now included within the limits of that great city was 
owned by the government, and for sale at one dollar and twenty-five 
cents an acre. He had to hustle for a living, and for sometime he 
sailed on the Lakes a part of each year, the remainder of the time 
working at the carpenter's trade, with headquarters in Chicago, re- 
maining there until after his marriage. About 1838 he went with his 
father-in-law to Michigan City, Indiana, and two years later located 
at Muskego, Wisconsin. Going from there to Port Washington, 
Ozaukee county, Wisconsin, he entered government land in that vicin- 
ity, and was there a resident until 1852. Selhng out in that year, he 



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THE NORTHERxX PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 855 

eame to the Upper Peamsuia, Mieliigaa, which was then a dense wil- 
derness, Marquette, the largest place, being a mere hamlet, containing 
a few shanties. He located at the Cliff Mine, Keweenaw county, while 
copper mining was still in its infancy, and was head carpenter at the 
mines until 1858. Going then to Houghton, he tried farming for seven 
years, after which he was engaged in the provision business at Escan- 
aba for a while. Migrating to Minnesota in 1868, he became a pioneer 
settler of Cottonwood county, taking up a homestead claim, the larger 
part of which he placed under cultivation, and remained there until 
1890. Selling out in that year, he came to Iron River, and thencefor- 
ward made his home with his son Edward, living here until his 
death, in 1892, at the age of seventy-four years. 

Jeremiah Lott married Sarah McKown, who was born in Maine, 
which was also the native state of her father, Thomas McKown. Her 
grandfather McKown was a man of great patriotism, and served in 
both the Revolutionary war and the war of 1812, losing his life in the 
last struggle. A carpenter and millwright, Thomas McKown moved 
from Maine to Canada, and a few years later located in Chicago, Illi- 
nois, where he followed his trade for a time. Prom there he went to 
Michigan City, Indiana, thence to Muskego, "Wisconsin, and subse- 
quently bought a farm near Port Washington, "Wisconsin, where he 
spent his last years. His wife, whose maiden name was Lydia Perley, 
was bom in Maine, and died, several years after he did, at the home 
of a son in Muskego, aged eighty-one years. Mrs. Jeremiah Lott died 
on the home farm in Minnesota in 1889, aged seventy-one years. She 
and her husband reared five children, namely : John Henry ; Edward 
P., the subject of this sketch; Ann Eliza; Joseph; and Elizabeth, 

Having laid a substantial foundation for his future education in 
the public schools of Houghton, Michigan, Edward P. Lott was grad- 
uated from a commercial school at Detroit. Beginning his active ca- 
reer as a teacher, he was principal of the Houghton School for two 
years, after which he clerked in a general store at Eseanaba for five 
years. Mr. Lott then established the Eseanaba Republican, now 
known as the Iron Post, and conducted it about six months when he 
sold out, and for a short time thereafter was engaged in mercantile 
pursuits in Eseanaba. During his residence in that city, Mr. Lott 
served as county clerk and registrar of deeds for Delta county, and 
as justice of the peace, all of which oifices he filled until 1872. Resum- 
ing in that year the study of law, with which he was somewhat fa- 
miliar, in the office of F. 0. Clark, of Eseanaba, he made good prog- 
ress and in 1873 was admitted to the bar. Mr. Lott came from that 
city to Iron River in 1885, and has since been actively engaged in the 
practice of his profession and is also interested in the insurance and 
real estate business. 

On April 17, 1865, Mr. Lott was united in marriage with Lillie B. 
Birs, who was born in Brandon, Vermont. Her father, Clement Birs, 
was born in Switzerland, of French ancestry, and came to this country 
with his parents, locating in Montreal, Canada, where he learned the 
blacksmith's trade. He subsequently moved to Brandon, Vermont, 
where he worked at his trade until 1862. Coming then to Hough- 
ton, Michigan, he continued at his trade in that place until his 
death, in 1869, his death being caused by the kick of a horse. He 
married H. Eloise Dufort, who was born in Montreal, of French 
parentage. She survived him, passing away in Pittsfield, Massachu- 
setts. Five children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Lott, namely: 
Minnie V., w'ife of George A. Taft', of Florence, Wisconsin, and has 



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856 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

three children, George A,, Lillie and Laila Carrie; Carrie M. married 
first Willis B. Myrick, who died, leaving her with three children, Bir- 
die, "Willis E. and Elsie, and she married for her second husband 
R. Elmer Wolf, of Saint Paul; Ida M., wife of Claude M. Atkinson, 
of Hibbing, Minnesota, has two children. Marc and Beatrice ; Winni- 
fred B. ; and Edward P. J., who married Lillie M. Greee, has four 
children, Clarence B., Edna, WMnnifred and Lillie M. Fraternally 
Mr. Lott is a member of Eacanaba Lodge, No. 165, F. & A. M. Polit- 
ically he is a steadfast Republican, and. as mentioned above, has 
served in various official positions. 

Wade A. Siebenthal. — There is all of consistency in recording in 
this volume recognition of Mr. Siebenthal, superintendent of the Re- 
public Mine, one of the most important of the iron mines of the Upper 
Peninsula. He is one of the representative citizens of the village of 
Republic, where he is held in confidence and esteem. 

Wade A. Siebenthal is a scion of one of the sterling Swiss families 
that settled in Switzerland county, Indiana, in the pioneer days of 
that state. He himself was born at Vevay, that county, on the 6th of 
January, 1874, and is the eldest in a family of ten. His father, An- 
drew J. Siebenthal, is likewise a native of Switzerland county, where 
he was bom in 1841, is a miller by trade and now resides at Blooming- 
ton, Indiana. His wife, Onisca Netherland Siebenthal, is also a native 
of that state, and is likewise a member of its pioneer families. The 
parents are both members of the Christian church and in politics the 
father is an adherent of the Republican party. 

He whose name initiates this review is indebted to the public 
schools of his native village for his early educational training, which 
included a course in the high school, from which he was graduated as 
a member of the class of 1891 ; was a student in Indiana University, 
1892-93, following which he was engaged in teaching in the public 
schools of Indiana, 1894-98 ; again a student in Indiana University, 
1898-1900; taught school in the Appleton, Wisconsin, schools, 1900-01, 
and was a student in Lawrence College, Leaving there he came to the 
Upper Peninsula of Michigan, locating at Vulcan, where he was em- 
ployed in the mines of the Penn Iron Mining Company for a period of 
eighteen months. lie then resumed his studies in Indiana University, 
from which he was graduated as a member of the class of 1903, with 
the degree of A, B. Shortly after his graduation Mr. Siebenthal re- 
turned to the Upper Peninsula and located at Republic, where he 
assumed the position of electrical engineer and chemist for the Repub- 
lic Iron Company, with whose interests he has since continued to be 
activly identified and of whose mines he has been superintendent since 
1907. He is a progressive and energetic young business man and in 
his present position has proved a capable executive officer, as well as 
one familiar with the details of the iron mining industry. The mine of 
which he is superintendent has an annual output of about one hundred 
and seventy-five thousand tons of iron ore. Mr. Siebenthal has not 
hedged himself in with business and other private interests but has 
shown a liberal attitude as a citizen and has given his aid and influ- 
ence in support of all measures tending to further the best interests 
of the community. In 1908 he was elected supervisor of Republic 
township, and has since remained incumbent of this office, in which 
he is a member of the County Board of Supervisors of Marquette 
county. He has also served as a member of the Board of Education 
of his village since 1908. His political support is given the Repub- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 857 

lican party, and in a fraternal way he is identified with the lodge and 
chapter of the Masonic fraternity at Ishpeming; with Beacon Lodge, 
Knighta of Pythias, in Republic; and the council of the Eoyal Arca- 
num at Apple ton, "Wisconsin. 

John C. Eslick.- — Numbered among tlie industrious, enterprising 
and respected residents of Iron Mountain is John C, Eslick, well 
known throughout this section of Dickinson county as under-sheriff. 
A son of Captain James Eslick, he was born, May 18, 1860, at "The 
Mass," Ontonagon county, Michigan, of English ancestry. 

A native of England, Captain James Eslick was bom in the parish 
of Saint Blazey, county Cornwall, where his ancestors for generations 
untold had spent their lives. But four years of age when his father 
was killed in a mine accident, he was put to work when but six years 
old in a stamp mill, and just as soon as large enough he began working 
in a mine, and continued his mining operations in his native county 
until twenty years of age. Emigrating then to America, the poor man's 
paradise, he located at Copper Harbor, Keweenaw county, Michigan, 
where he continued as a miner several years. He subsequently worked 
at the Central Mine, Ontonagon county, from there going to 
Calumet, where he was engaged in the grocery business three years. 
Proceeding to the Menominee Range in 1879, Captain Eslick stopped 
first at Quinnesec, then the railway terminus, and for five years was 
captain at the Quinnesec Mine. Locating then at Iron Mountain, he 
lived here retired until his death, at the age of seventy-three years. 
He married Elizabeth Dyer, who was born at Saint Blazey, county 
Cornwall, where she was one of his early playmates and his only 
sweetheart. Having plighted her troth to him before he left home, 
she subsequently came to Michigan to join him, and they were mar- 
ried at Fort Wilkinson, which was then occupied by United States 
troops. She passed away at the age of seventy-one years, leaving four 
children, namely : Susanna, wife of James Gregg ; James S. ; John C, 
the subject of this sketch; and Joseph B. 

Attending the district schools of Ontonagon county and the public 
schools of Calumet, John C. Eslick acquired a practical education, 
and, like his father, began at an early age to work in a stamp mill. 
When his father embarked in the grocery business, he delivered the 
goods, and when the father closed out he entered the employ of 
Benny & Northey, manufacturers of soda water and other soft drinks, 
continuing with that firm two and one-half years. He afterwards 
worked in the mines at Ishpeming a few months, and then returned 
to Calumet. Going to the Menominee Range in 1879, when that entire 
country was a wilderness, Mr. Eslick was employed at the Quinnesec 
Mine two and one-half years, and the ensuing three years worked for 
Patrick O'Connell, a soda water manufacturer. Going then to Flor- 
ence, "Wisconsin, he was agent for the Blatz Brewing Company for 
about eighteen months. Coming then to Iron Mountain, he formed 
a partnership with James Langdon, and, under the firm name of 
Eslick & Langdon, was successfully engaged in the draying business 
for fifteen years, when the partnership was dissolved. Mr. Eslick has 
since been extensively and profitably engaged in the manufacture of 
soda water and other temperance beverages, having now a well-estab- 
lished business. 

, Mr. Eslick married, in 1882, Margaret Jane Brooks, who was born 
in Peshtigo, Wisconsin, a daughter of Gardener and Jane (Mattes) 
Brooks, natives of. New England, and both of English stock. Eight 



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858 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Eslick, namely: Delia, Wil- 
lie, Harry, Gertrude, Oris, Carter, Dorothy and Claude M. Polit- 
ically Mr. Eslick is identified with the Republican party, and has 
served as deputy sheriff and is at the present time filling the office of 
under-sheriff. He was one of the original members of the Iron Moun- 
tain Fire Department, belonging to Fire Company No. 1, He is a 
charter member of Victoria Lodge, No. 262, Sons of Saint George ; also a 
charter member of Iron Mountain Lodge, No. 700, B. P. 0. E. ; and a 
charter member of Oak Leaf Camp, No. 2885, M. W. A. 

James Cornell Sherman.— Distinguished not only as a man of gen- 
uine worth and ability, but as a veteran of the Civil war, James C. 
Sherman, of Menominee, has won an assured position among the most 
esteemed and respected citizens of the Upper Peninsula, and as deputy 
internal revenue custom house collector is serving the people with 
fidelity. A son of the late Daniel Sherman, he was born February 
19, 1842, on Long Island, New York, coming on both sides of the 
house of excellent ancestry. Spending his childhood days in Dupage 
county, Illinois, James C. Sherman received his early education in the 
district schools of Sikes Corners. He subsequently accompanied his 
parents to Wisconsin, living first in Ball Prairie and later in Mene- 
kaunee. In 1856, when fourteen years of age, he found employment 
in a saw mill, in which he worked two summers, attending school 
during the winter terms. In October, 1861, he enlisted in Company F, 
Twelfth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, at Menekaunee, and served 
with his regiment until receiving his honorable discharge on January 
5, 1864. On the same day Mr. Sherman re-enlisted at Natchez, Miss- 
issippi, in the same company and same regiment, as a veteran, and 
remained with his command until after the close of the conflict, in 
July, 1865. While marching from Port Leavenworth, Kansas, to Port 
Riley, he received injuries which caused him to be detailed on de- 
tached duty the remainder of the time, and during the siege of Vicks- 
bui^ was wagon master in the Seventeenth Corps, commanded by 
General Blair. He was with Sherman in his march to the sea, and 
took part in the general review at Washington, D. C, on July 16, 
1865, being honorably discharged from the service at Louisville, 
Kentucky. 

Coming immediately to Menekaunee, Wisconsin, Mr. Sherman en- 
tered the employ of his brother, John J. Sherman, who established 
the first drug store in this place, and the first on the Menominee river. 
In the spring of 1867 he accepted a position as clerk on the steamer 
"Queen City," plying between Menominee, Michigan, and Green Bay, 
Wisconsin. The following spring Mr. Sherman became timekeeper 
for the Kirby Carpenter Lumber Company, and likewise a clerk in 
the Company's store. Two years later he became dock agent for the 
company during the summer seasons, while in winter he assumed 
charge of its supply teams, about thirty of which were used in deliver- 
ing supplies to the different lumber camps, continuing in these ca- 
pacities until 1880. 

On April 20, 1880, Mr. Sherman was appointed deputy collector of 
the District of Superior, State of Michigan, and served until March 
22, 1881, when he was appointed by President James A. Garfield, 
postmaster at Menominee, an office that he filled acceptably four and 
one-half years. He has since been actively associated with many of 
the city's most beneficial enterprises, having belonged to the Menomi- 
nee Volunteer Pire Department, and having been one of the organ- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 859 

izers of the Miehiffan Telephone Company. Mr. Sherman has the dis- 
tinction of having been the first superintendent of the Menominee 
Street Railway Company, now the Menominee and Marinette Light 
and Traction Company, serving as such two years, when he retired 
from the railroad service to devote his entire attention to the manage- 
ment of the telephone business, with which he was associated until 
1906. In 1907 he was appointed to his present position as deputy 
internal revenue custom house collector. 

On October 20, 1867, Mr. Sherman was united in marriage with 
Mary H. Morris, who was bom in Massachusetts, a daughter of 
Thomas and Hannah Morris, both natives of New England. Of the 
seven children born to Mr. and Mrs. Sherman, three are now living, 
namely : Jessie, wife of Irvin T. Perritt, of Oak Park, Illinois ; James 
H., of Calumet, Michigan; and Samuel M., of Menominee. Politically 
Mr. Sherman is a warm advocate of the principles of the Republican 
party, to which he has been true since casting his first presidential 
vote, while in the army, for Abraham Lincoln, Fraternally he is a 
member of Menominee Lodge No. 269, F. & A. M. ; of Menominee 
Chapter No. 107, R. A. M. ; of Menominee Commandery No. 35, K. T. ; 
and of Menominee Chapter No. 284, O. E. S., to which Mrs. Sherman 
also belongs. Mr, Sherman is a member of Lyon Post No. 266, G. A. R. 

Charles H. Moss.^The men who rightly handle the wealth accumu- 
lated through agricultural, commercial or mining pursuits are dom- 
inant factors in the regulation of business undertakings, and occupy 
honored positions in the world of finance. Prominent among this 
number is Charles H, Moss, well known throughout Houghton county 
as cashier of the Citizens' National Bank of Houghton, which was 
brought into existence largely through his efforts, and has prospered 
through his ability and sagacity. The descendant of a New England 
family of worth, he was born. May 11, 1868, in Hartford, Connecticut, 
coming on both sides of the house of a stalwart race, and pos.sessing 
in an eminent degree the qualities which distinguished his ancestors. 

The emigrant ancestor of his family, Hon. John Moss, was bom in 
England in 1619, and twenty years later came to America to settle. 
From 1640 until 1670 he was a resident of New Haven, Connecticut, 
from that time until 1708 living in "Wallingford, Connecticut. His 
son, John Moss, (2) bom October 12, 1650, married Maria Lathrop, 
and lived until March 31, 1717. Their son, John Moss, (3) who mar- 
ried Elizabeth Hall, was born March 10, 1682, and died May 14, 1755. 
The line was continued through Joseph Moss, (4) who was born Feb- 
ruary 9, 1714, married Lydia Jones, and died October 6, 1777. Their 
son, Moses Moss, (5) who was bom March 18, 1738, married Abial 
Hall, and died September 21, 1809, The next in line of descent, Moses 
Moss, (6) who married Ann Brooks Ives, was born April 5, 1763, and 
died January 16, 1839. Amos Moss (7), the succeeding ancestor, mar- 
ried Sarah Pierpont, who was born March 10, 1814, and died an acci- 
dental death in 1840, while yet in the prime of early womanhood. 
Their son, Frederick Moss, (8) was bom December 6, 1838, and mar- 
ried Alice Lueretia Higgins. Charles H. Moss, (9) is the subject of 
this brief sketch. 

The coat of arms to which the Moss family is entitled is: Ermine 
(white) on a cross (Greek), sable (black), besant (gold). The crest 
is: Out of a coronet or, a griffin's head ennine (white), charged on 
neck with a besant. The family seat is Mosse-Horton, Regis, County 
Bedford. 



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860 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

On his mother's side Mr. Moss is a Mayflower descendant, tracing 
his lineage directly to William Brewster, the lineage being as follows: 
William Brewster, (1) ; Jonathan Brewster, (2) ; Mary (Brewster) 
Turner, (3) ; Grace (Turner) Christopher, (4) ; Joanna (Christopher) 
Leffingwell, (5) ; Elisha Leffingwell, (6), who served as a soldier in the 
Revolutionary war; Lucy (Leifingwell) (■Huntington) Abel, (7) ; Ave- 
lina S. (Abel) Gardner, (8) ; Mathilda L. (Gardner) Higgins, (9) ; 
Alice Lucretia (Higgins) Mobs, (10) ; and Charles H. Moss, (11). Sev- 
eral of the maternal ancestors of Mr. Moss fought bravely in the 
struggle for independence, including Simeon Abel, who was sergeant 
in Captain Waterman's company; Caleb Gardner, Simeon Gardner, 
and David Gardner. David Gardner served under General Israel 
Putnam in the Third Connecticut regiment, which was raised at the 
first call for troops by the special session of legislature, which con- 
vened in April, 1775. It was recruited in Windham county, Connecti- 
cut, and in May, 1775, with a company raised in London county, 
marched to the place of encampment near Boston. Upon the expira- 
tion of its term of service, December 10, 1775, this regiment was 
adopted as Continental, and a part took an active part in the Battle 
of Bunker Hill, and a few of the men joined the Quebec expedition. 
In 1776 the regiment was reorganized, Benedict Arnold being com- 
missioned as colonel, John Durkie, captain; Joshua Huntington, first 
lieutenant; Lemuel Bingham, second lieutenant; and Beriah Bell, 
ensign. 

Acquiring his elementary education in the public schools of Wa- 
terbury, Connecticut, Charles H, Moss afterwards completed his early 
studies in an academy at East Greenwich, Rhode Island. In 1884, 
when but sixteen years of age, he began working for wages in Chester, 
Connecticut, for a while being shipping clerk for C. J. Bates, after- 
wards being employed for two years in the establishment of S. Brooks 
& Son. Ambitious to broaden his field of action, Mr, Moss came from 
there to Northern Michigan, and for two years was book-keeper in the 
First National Bank of Bessemer, Gogebic county. Going then to 
Ishpeming, he was for seven years teller in the Ishpeming National 
Bank, and its cashier for a year. That institution being sold to the 
Miners' National Bank, Mr. Moss removed to Houghton, and was 
here instrumental in organizing, in 1901, the Citizens' National Bank, 
of which he was immediately made cashier, a position which he has 
fiUed in a manner most highly satisfactory to all concerned. 

This bank, organized in 1901, the number of its charter being 5896, 
had a capital stock of $50,000, and a surplus of $500,000, and its pres- 
ent capital is $100,000, and its surplus $65,000. The officers are as 
follows : president, James E. Dee ; vice-presidents, Claude V. Seeber, 
Adolph F. Heidkamp ; and cashier, Charles H. Moss, 

Mr. Moss married, October 10, 1894, Florence Chynoweth, who 
was educated in the common schools of Ontonagon county, Michigan, 
and at Oberlin College, in Oberlin, Ohio. Her parents are Benjamin 
and Elizabeth Chynoweth, the former of whom was born and reared 
in Philadelphia. Her grandfather Chynoweth emigrated from Bug- 
land to the United States, Cornwall having been his birthplace. He 
was a miner, and for several years was associated in mining, at Green- 
land and Rockland in Ontonagon county, Michigan, the mines which 
they opened being afterwards closed for a period of ten years. He 
was killed by accident at a mine in Pennsylvania. Four children have 
been born to Mr. Moss, namely: Harold Frederick, born August 9, 
1895 ; Ruth, horn August 31, 1899, died March 8, 1903 ; Irving Brew- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 861 

Bter born June 28, 1901 ; and Stanley, born February 1, 1906, died Feb- 
ruary 4, 1906. Fraternally Mr. Moss holds high rank in the Masonic 
Order being a Knight Templar, and a member of Ahmed Temple, A. 
A. 0. N. M, S. ; and lie is also a member of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen. Religiously he and his family attend the Presbyte- 
rian church, Mrs. Florence C. Moss died March 22, 1907, of pneu- 
monia. April 28, 1909, Mr. Moss married Miss Ellen Vivian, daugh- 
ter of W. J, Vivian and Jennie DeFoe Vivian. 

Otto C. Stegath, organizer and manager of the Stegath Lumber 
Company, one of the most substantial and successful business enter- 
prises of Eseanaba, Michigan, was born July 11, 1874. He is a son of 
Charles Stegath, who was born in Memel, Prussia, in 1839, and who 
came to America in 1870, and two years later to Escanaba, which has 
been his home ever since. Soon after coming to this city he was mar- 
ried, and his children were all bom in Bseanaba. Mr, Stegath always 
enjoyed the confidence and respect of all with whom he has done 
business, and has a reputation for honest and straightforward busi- 
ness dealings. He has the qualities which make for success, and 
coupled with his energy and ambition they gained him a position of 
wealth and independence. 

The Stegath Lumber Company comprises the six sons of Charles 
Stegath, now a retired lumberman, all of them working zealously for 
the success of the enterprise, and putting into the work their indi- 
vidual gifts and ideas. All have faith in the future of the company, 
which is well borne out by the achievements already reached. 

Otto C. Stegath, the most energetic and ambitious member of the 
company, although conservative to a great degree, has been engaged 
in this line of business since he was about sixteen years of age. In 
1890 he entered the employ of the I. Stephenson Company, and re- 
mained with them ten years, making the most of his opportunities for 
learning the details of the business. He made such good use of his 
time that in August, 1900, he completed arrangements for the or- 
ganization of the present company, their activities at first being con- 
fined to retailing lumber. As they were able they added coal, lime, 
brick and cement. As their success increased the business was ex- 
panded and a planing mill was established, which proved such a good 
move that a short time since a saw miU was erected and is now in 
operation. The saw mill has a capacity of twenty-five thousand feet 
daily and is probably the only electrically operated sawmill in the 
state, thus being of great interest to other mill owners and operators. 
The planing mill is also operated by the same power, which has 
proven more economical than steam. The current is supplied by the 
Escanaba Power Company, who have a power dam in the Escanaba 
river. _ The enterprising manager of the Stegath Lumber Company 
and his colleagues have other plans for the future of this company 
which they have not yet divulged, preferring to let their fulfillment 
speak for them. The company owns over twenty-five hundred acres 
of virgin timber lands, in Maple Ridge, Baldwin and Escanaba town- 
ships, and is gradually increasing its holdings ^ this is some of the moat 
valuable timber land in the county, and is a desirable asset. They do 
not contemplate cutting their own timber as long as there is a -supoly 
to be purchased suiScieiit to keep the plant in operation. This timber 
land is increasing in value each year, and the disposition of it will 
be made only after long debate and careful planning. The Stegath 
Lumber Company gives employment to some fifty men on an average. 



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862 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

with a prospect of doubling the force before many years have elapsed. 
It is made up of men who are largely instrumental in the progress and 
improvement of the state, and their value to the public should be 
widely appreciated. 

Besides Otto C. Stegath, the other members of the firm are: Al- 
bert J., Gideon R., Frederick II., Richard and Guy S. The eldest son 
is the general manager, but has valuable assistants in his brothers, 
each being manager of a department as warranted by his indiTidual 
capabilities. Albert, thirty-two years of age, has charge of collec- 
tions, and his able management has contributed not a little toward 
the success of the undertaking. Gideon R., twenty-eight years of age, 
is of a mechanical turn, and manages the planing mill. Frederick H., 
assisted by his sister Mary, keeps the books and takes charge of the 
office force. Richard and Guy have charge of the coal and cement 
branch of the business. Each member of the family exerts himself 
to make his department keep up to the standard set by the general 
manager, and the best efforts of each is necessary to the accomplish- 
ment of the end in view. 

Otto C. Stegath is taken to all parts of the Northern Peninsula in 
the discharge of his duties, and he keeps in touch with modern busi- 
ness methods and manufacturing machinery. He was the originator 
of the plan for erecting a planing mill, which in reality is a factory for 
the manufacture of all kinds of interior finish, being the only estab- 
lishment of its kind within a radius of sixty miles. They are con- 
stantly adding new machinery, in order to keep up with the growing 
demand for their output. 

MuRDoCK M. Kerb, M. J)., physician and surgeon of Laurium, is 
well known throughout the Tipper Peninsula, and wherever he is 
known is recognized as a credit to his profession. He was bom in 
Ontario. Canada, October 18, 1871, but belongs by ties of inheritance 
to Caledonia, the integrity and sturdiness of whose sons has been the 
theme of poets, his parents, John and Isabella (Mattheson) Kerr, 
both having been natives of Scotland. They came to America in 1848 
and located for a while at Zora Hamilton, Ontario. They subse- 
quently removed to Lake Superior, where the father was employed in 
the mines and also pursued the calling of a vessel merchant on the 
lakes. He died in 1887 at Lake Linden, Houghton county, and the 
mother survives, her present residence being at Laurium. 

Murdock M. Kerr was a graduate of the high school of Lake Lin- 
den, Michigan, and while still at an early age decided upon the medi- 
cal profession for his life work. In preparation for this he entered 
the medical department of the Detroit College, from which he was 
graduated in 1889. Shortly thereafter he came to Laurium and opened 
an office, and as confidence in his ability has steadily grown his prac- 
tice has kept step with it. His study and research did not terminate 
with his departure from college, for he realizes to the utmost that to 
keep pace with the latest discovery in his marvelous science requires 
constant attention. 

Dr. Kerr is a man who finds much pleasure in his fraternal rela- 
tions, and stands high in Michigan Masonry. He is a member of the 
John Duncan Lodge No. 373, A. F. & A. M., and also belongs to the 
Hancock Chapter, which has recently been changed to Calumet Chap- 
ter, R. A. M. He is likewise affiliated with Lodge No. 245, Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows. In a professional connection he belongs 
to the Houghton County Medical Society and to the American Medi- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 863 

eal Association, Dr. Kerr's brother, Hon. Angus W. Kerr, is promi- 
nent in politics and is favorably mentioned as a member of congress 
from the home district, the Twelfth Michigan district. Dr. Kerr is 
unmarried. 

John Cummiskey, of the firm of Cummiskey & Spencer, attorneys at 
law, Bscanaba, Michigan, dates his birth in Livingston county, this 
state, June 21, 1868. His parents, Patrick and Julia (McCabe) Cum- 
miskey, natives of the "Emerald Isle," early in life came to America, 
the father landing in this country at the age of tweBty-one and the 
mother at eighteen. They were married in New York state, and at 
once came west to Livingston county, Michigan, where Mr, Cummis- 
key improved a farm and for many years carried on agricultural pur- 
suits. He died at the advanced age of eighty-seven years. In their 
family were ten children, of whom six are now living. 

John is the youngest of the family. His boyhood days were passed 
on his father's farm and he received his early training in the public 
schools. At the age of seventeen he began teaching. The next few 
years he taught country school during the winter months and in the 
summer vaaetions he occupied his time in the study of law. Three 
days after he was twenty-one, he was admitted to the bar and when 
he was twenty-two he was elected prosecuting attorney of Livingston 
county. Immediately after his admission to the bar, he opened an 
office at Howell, where he practiced law until 1897, when he removed 
to Eseanaba. In 1890, he formed a partnership with Judge Yelland, 
which lasted six years, until 1906, when the Judge retired from busi- 
ness and the firm of Cummiskey & Spencer was formed. Mr. Cum- 
miskey was elected prosecuting attorney of Delta county in the fall 
of 1900, was re-elected in 1902, and ser\'ed two terms of two years 
each,— this official honor at the hands of the Republican party, of 
which he has always been a stanch supporter. 

Mr. Cummiskey married, in 1894, Miss Clella B. Farrell, a daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Emily (Brown) Farrell. 

George Irving. — As superintendent of the Iron Mountain Electric 
Light and Power Company, Geoi^e Irving is actively identified with 
one of the most important enterprises of the city and is rendering ex- 
cellent service to his fellowtownsmen. A son of Captain George Irving, 
Jr., he was born August 18, 1865, in Kent county. New Brunswick, 
of substantial Scotch ancestry. His grandfather, Captain George Irv- 
ing, Sr., was born and bred in Scotland, the home of bis ancestor for 
many generations, and as a young man began to follow the sea. Emi- 
grating in early manhood to Kent county. New Brunswick, he continued 
his seafaring pursuits until his death, during all of his later years 
commanding vessels in the British Marine service. To him and his 
wife six children were born, as follows : William, Elizabeth, George 
Jr., Henry, Mary and James. 

Bom in county Kent, New Brunswick, George Irving, Jr., was the 
only member of the parental household to come to the United States. 
Inheriting a love of the sea, he shipped as a sailor before the mast when 
young, and gradually worked his way upward until made captain of 
his vessel, and in that capacity had command for many years of vessels 
used not only in coast trade but in European trade. He is now living 
retired from active pursuits, spending the winter seasons with his 
sons in Texas, the remainder of the time living at Iron Mountain with 
his son George. Captain George Irving, Jr., married Ann Beattie, 



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864 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

who was bom in county Kent, New Brunswick, a daughter of James 
Beattie, and they became the parents of four children, namely: George, 
the special subject of this brief sketch; James, deceased; and William 
and Edward, who reside in Palestine, Texas. 

Attending the public schools of his native county during his boy- 
hood days, George Irving followed the sea from 1879 until 1884, when 
he came to the States in search of remunerative employment. Locating 
in Wisconsin he worked through the ensuing summer season in the mill 
owned by Hamilton & Merriam, and through the next winter at their 
lumber camp in the woods. Entering the employ of a professional 
building mover in the spring of 1885, Mr. Irving came to Iron Mountain 
to assist in moving buildings at the Chapin location, ail of which had to 
be moved on account of the cave-in which had just begun. He was 
subsequently engaged as a building mover for about five years, after 
which he entered the fire department of Iron Mountain, and devoted 
his entire attention to his duties as fireman during the next few years. 
Accepting the superintendency of the local Electric Light and Power 
Company in 1895, Mr. Irving has since filled the position most ably 
and satisfactorily, having made such changes and improvements in the 
plant that the service is now pleasing to both the owners and to the 
patrons. Very soon after Mr. Irving took charge of the plant a change 
in the service rendered was apparent to all, and with the practical 
improvements that he is continually adding Iron Mountain can now 
boast of one of the best equipped and most serviceable light and power 
plants in the Upper Peninsula. 

Mr. Irving married, April 19, 1887, Jennie Manning, who was bom 
in Marinette, Wisconsin, a daughter of John and Mary Manning, natives 
of the Empire state. Mr. Irving is ever interested in local affairs, and 
has served his ward as a member of the city council. Fraternally he is 
a member of Iron Mountain Lodge, No. 388, F. & A. M,, of which he 
is past master; a member and past high priest of Iron Mountain Chap- 
ter No. 121, B. A. M. ; a member of Hugh MeCurdy Commandery, No, 
43, K. T. ; of Darius Council, No. 75, R. & S. M. ; and of Iron Mountain 
Chapter, No. 41, 0. E. S., to which Mrs. Irving also belongs. 

RoBEKT RiDDX-EB. — A wcll-known business man of Iron Mountain, 
Robert Riddler has identified himself with the interests of this part of 
Dickinson county since coming here, and has proved himself a valuable 
and worthy citizen. A son of Robert Riddler, Sr., he was bom, June 
29, 1861, in Kemnay, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, of excellent Scotch an- 
cestry. 

Robert Riddler, Sr., a native of the same county, Aberdeen, was 
there brought up and educated. In his youth he learned the trade of a 
stone mason, but did not follow it very long. He had much native lit- 
erary ability, and being a great reader and possessing a remarkably 
retentive memory, he became familiar with the best authors of his time, 
and as a local preacher he advocated various reforms and questions in 
dispute were often submitted to him. He visited America at one time, 
and after stopping awhile in Canada returned to Scotland and spent 
his last years in Aberdeenshire, passing away at the age of seventy-six 
years. He married Margaret Milne, who was bom seventy-seven years 
ago in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, and is still residing there. She reared 
nine children, namely; Robert, Isabella, John, Janet, Margaret, William, 
Ellen, Mary and Annie. 

Receiving his early education in his native village, Robert Riddler 
began when but ten years old to learn the trade of a stone cutter, and 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 865 

served an apprenticeship of eight years, learning the different branches 
of the trade. On attaining his majority he came to the United States, 
landing at Portland, Maine, and from there proceeded to Hallowell, 
where for awhile he worked in the stone quarries. He then went to 
Albion, New York, thenee to Grindstone Island in the St. Lawrence 
river, and worked for a brief period in each of those places. Returning 
then to his old home in Scotland, he spent a few months with his friends, 
and then followed his trade for a time in Penryn, England, after which 
he spent a year in London, England. He then returned to Penryn, 
where he remained two years, and after visiting Ireland then worked for 
a short time on the docks in Liverpool. Mr. Riddler subsequently lo- 
cated in London, but a few weeks' residence in that city sufficed him, 
and he again crossed the Atlantic, landing in Boston. Going from there 
to Quincy, Massachusetts, he was employed in the monumental shops 
for a time, and then came west, locating at "Waupaca, Wisconsin, where 
for a few months he was foreman in the quarries. Mr, Riddler then 
settled at Amberg, Wisconsin, where, after working for four years as 
granite cutter for the Ambei^ Iron Company, he formed a partnership 
with Frank Pomeroy and purchased the Amberg Granite Quarries, which 
they operated together for three years. Mr. Riddler then purchased Ms 
partner's interest, and soon after sold to the Pike River Granite Com- 
pany. Subsequently, with the exception of a few months spent at Chil- 
ton, Wisconsin, he continued a resident of that place until April, 1902. 
Coming then to Iron Mountain, he established his present business, "The 
Iron Mountain Monumental Works," his step-son, Irving Riddler, being 
associated with him, 

Mr, Riddler married first, at Penryn, County Cornwall, England, 
Minnie Dunston, who spent her entire life in Penryn, dying two years 
after her marriage. Mr. Riddler married for his second wife Mrs. Mar- 
garet (Randall) Wright, who was born in Waupaca, Wisconsin, where 
her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Randall were pioneer settlers, going there 
from New England. By her first marriage Mrs. Riddler had two chil- 
dren, Nettie and Irving. Nettie married Prank Cleveland, and has three 
children: Lloyd, Isabelle and Grover. Irving, who bears the name of 
Riddler, is associated in business, as above mentioned, with Mr, Riddler. 
He married Amanda Danielson, Fraternally Mr. Riddler is a member 
of Hematite Lodge, No. 129, K. of P.; of Oak Leaf Camp, No. 2885, 
M. W. A.; and of H. W. Carey Tent, No. 737, K, 0, T. M. 

Captain James Bendby. — Among the original settlers of the Upper 
Peninsula no one was more conversant with its early history than the 
late Captain James Bendry, who came to this part of the country sev- 
enty or more years ago, roughed it with the brave pioneers who became 
so closely associated with the development of its varied resources, and 
ably contributed his share in advancing its interests. Industrious, far- 
seeing and enterprising, with great faith in the future possibilities of 
this region, he made wise investments, becoming one of the largest in- 
dividual landholders of northern Michigan, but in the memorable panic 
of 1893 the greater part of his fortune was swept away. lie was widely 
known as a man of honest integrity and sterling worth and commanded 
the respect of all with whom he was brought in contact, 

A native of England, Captain Bendry was bom in Wo otton- Basset, 
Wiltshire. His parents spent their lives in Wiltshire, but two of the 
Captain's sisters and one of his brothers came to this countrj-. Thomas 
located permanenfiy in L'Anse, Michigan. One sister married George 



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866 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Shakespeare, and after living at Sault Ste. Marie a few years removed 
to Minnesota. Elizabeth became the wife of Charles Major and spent 
her last years in L'Anse. 

At the age of eighteen years, in 1840, James Bendry emigrated to 
America, coming directly to the Upper Peninsula. Locating at Sault 
Ste. Marie, he purchased a sailing vessel and resumed his former occu- 
pation, having been employed on the water since his boyhood days, for 
several years carrying freight and passengers across the lake. In the 
fall of 1846 he located on the present site of Baraga, which, with the 
surrounding country, was then a dense wilderness, and having taken up 
a tract of government land that is now included within the limits of 
the village of Baraga, erected a log cabin in what is now the mill yard. 
Here he lived for three years, in the meantime continuing to sail the 
lakes. The following three years he resided with his family in Sault 
Ste. Marie. Returning then to Baraga county, he bought land now in- 
cluded within the boundaries of the village of L'Anse, and embarked in 
mercantile pursuits, trading largely with the Indians, in addition build- 
ing a sawmill and manufacturing lumber. Removing to Houghton in 
1860, Captain Bendry built a dock, and was prosperously employed in 
the lumber business for about three years, after which he spent a year 
in L'Anse, there carrying on general farming. In 1864 he again took 
up his residence in Baraga, built the first steam sawmill ever erected in 
this vicinity, and having built up an extensive and prosperous business 
as a manufacturer of lumber and shingles, was here a resident until 
his death in 1895. 

Soon after his location in Saijlt Ste. Marie, Captain Bendry married 
Charlotte Contoui, who was born in that place of French and Indian 
blood. Her father, Augustus Contoui, came from France to America 
when a boy of fourteen years. After living a while in Canada he came 
to the Upper Peninsula, settling at Sault Ste. Marie, where he soon 
married the daughter of an Indian chief. He was a baker by trade, and 
for many years cooked for the soldiers at the fort. Mrs. Bendry died 
in 1892, three years before he did. They were the parents of eleven 
children, namely; James, Thomas, William, Mary, Emma, John, Helen, 
Josephine, Georgiana, Jacob and Elizabeth. 

The Captain was a man of much enterprise and public-spirit, taking 
an abiding interest in the general welfare of the community, and served 
his fellow- citizens ably and faithfully in various offtcial capacities, for 
many years being supervisor of Baraga township. 

John Dunham.— The substantial and progressive citizens and the 
active business men of Menominee county have no more worthy repre- 
sentative than John Dunham, a leading merchant of Daggett and 
head of the well-known firm of Dunham & Son. A native of Wiscon- 
sin, he was born, January 21, 1859, in Dodge county, a son of John 
H. Dunham. 

John H. Dunham was born near Troy, New York, and in hjs ear- 
lier years was engaged in business at Geneva, New York, as a flour 
manufacturer and dealer. Coming westward in 1846, he located at 
Juneau, Dodge county, Wisconsin, where he established livery busi- 
ness, and became prominent in the management of public affairs. He 
served ably in various township and county offices, and as registrar of 
deeds made the first index record books in that county. He was for 
many years engaged in mercantile pursuits in Juneau, and afterwards 
became a buyer and seller of farm lands. ITe subsequently removed 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 867 

to Cameron, Barron county, Wisconsin, where he is now engaged in 
the real estate business. He married Or^iha Ilairington, who was born 
in Lyons, New York, and to them three children have been born, as 
follows: John, with whom this sketch is chiefly concerned; Clara, 
wife of Dr. I, T. Burnside, of Duluth, Minnesota; and James, a resi- 
dent of Minnesota. 

Completing his studies in the schools of Dodge county, Wisconsin, 
John Dunham began his active career as a clerk in his father's stoie. 
Coming to Daggett, Michigan, in the spring of 1884, he entered thft 
employ of George Bush, a lumber manufacturer and dealer, and con- 
tinued with him as book-keeper for four years. Mr. Dunham then 
became manager of G. H. Westman's general store, which was sold 
in the fall of 1891 to the G. H. Westman Lumber Company, with which 
Mr. Dunham remained in the same capacity until 1894. Messrs. West- 
man and Dunham then purchased the entire interests of the company, 
and conducted the business under the firm name of Westman & Dun- 
ham for five years. In 1899 Mr. Westman sold his share in the firm 
to Messrs. Dunham and Collette, and the firm name was changed to 
Dunham & Company. In February, 1906, Mr. Dunham bought his 
partner's interest in the business, and admitted his son to the firm, 
which has since been known as Dunham & Son. Mr. Dunham has been 
influential in public affairs since coming to Daggett, and has served 
with ability and fidelity in many official positions. He was justice 
of the peace several terms; township treasurer six years; supervisor 
one terra ; and for the past six years has been a member of the school 
board. Politically be is a Democrat, and active in party ranks. 

Mr. Dunham married, October 30, 1886, Emma Genor, who was 
bom in Rhode Island, a daughter of the late Louis and Delia Genor, 
both natives of Canada. Mr. Genor, a blacksmith by trade, moved 
with his family from Rhode Island to Wisconsin, settling first in Fond 
du Lac, afterwards locating in Marinette, where he worked in the 
woods for several seasons. Subsequently coming to Daggett, Michi- 
gan, he followed bis trade in this place imtil his death, in the spring 
of 1886. To him and his wife, also deceased, a large family of chil- 
dren were born, and two are now living, namely : Mrs. Dunham and 
her brother, Delar. Mr. and Mrs. Dunham are the parents of eight 
children, namely: Clara, John Jr., Orpha, Gertrude, Dorothy, Alfred, 
Richard and Emma. 

Thomas Wills.— Noteworthy among the enterprising, intelligent and 
capable business men of Iron Mountain is Thomas Wills, a well-known 
provision dealer, being the senior member of the firm of Wills & Carbis. 
An Englishman by birth and breeding, he was bom. May 14, 1872, in 
the parish of St. Agnes, County Cornwall, which was likewise the birth- 
place of his father, Thomas "Wills, Sr., and for many generations the 
home of both his paternal and maternal ancestors. 

Soon after his marriage, Thomas Wills, Sr., emigrated to America, 
locating at Calumet, Michigan, where for a while he worked as a miner. 
His family then returned to Cornwall county, England, and he went 
to Brazil, South America, where he was employed in mining for a time. 
Subsequently joining his family in St. Agnes parish, England, he died 
there in 1872, while yet in manhood's prime. His wife, whose maiden 
name was Sarah Penrose, was born in St. Agnes parish, and there her 
death occurred when she was but forty-two years old. Seven of her 
children grew to years of maturity, namely: Rose, Laura, Sarah, Wil- 
liam, Franklin, Ada and Thomas, the latter being the only one to settle 
permanently in this country. 



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868 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Receiving excellent school advantages, Thomas "Wills acquired a prac- 
tical bminess education in his native parish, residing there until 1890. 
Coming in that year to the Upper Peninsula, he located at Iron Moun- 
tain, where he soon obtained a position as bookkeeper in a provision store, 
and retained it for ten years. Embarking in the provision business on 
his own account in 1900, he conducted it alone for five years. In 1905 
he admitted to partnership his brother-in-law, William James Carbis, 
and has since been head of the firm of "Wills & Carbis, which is carrying 
on an extensive and lucrative business, having built up a large trade. 

Mr. "Wills married, in 1895, Mamie Carbis, who was born in Vir- 
ginia, a daughter of Captain Frank Carbis. Captain Carbis was bom 
near Liskeard, County Cornwall, England, where his parents, William 
and Mary M, (Clyma) Carbis, were lifelong residents. Emigrating to 
America in 1869, Captain Carbis was for a year engaged in mining near 
Hancock, Houghton county, Michigan, after which he spent a year at 
the mines of Bedford county, Pennsylvania. Going to the Pacific coast 
in 1871, he was for two years employed in gold and silver mining in 
California and Nevada. Returning east in 1873, the Captain resided in 
Amherst county, Virginia, until the fall of 1876, when, with his family, 
he visited friends in England for a few months. Returning then to 
Michigan, he was employed for a year in the Republic Mine in Mar- 
quette county. Going back then to Amherst county, Virginia, he ac- 
cepted the position of captain at the mine where he had previously 
worked, retaining it for quite a while. He subsequently again crossed 
the ocean with his family, and for nearly two years worked in the coal 
mines of Scotland, in the vicinity of Edinburgh. Then, after a short visit 
at his old home in England, he returned to Michigan to resume work 
at the Republic Mine. He afterward worked for a while as a miner in 
Amherst county, Virginia, but not content there, returned to the Upper 
Peninsula, settling permanently at Iron Moimtain, where for the past 
fourteen years he has served as captain for the Republic Iron and Steel 
Company. Captain Carbis married Fanny Taylor, who .was bom in 
St. Cleer parish, England, a daughter of James and Mary Ann Taylor, 
and they have reared six children, namely: Mamie, Matilda, William 
James, Beatrice, Martha and Mabel. Mr. and Mrs. Wills have one child, 
Marion L. Wills. Religiously Mr. and Mrs. Wills attend the Methodist 
Episcopal church. 

William T. Menge. — No finer representative of the native bom citi- 
zens of L'Anse need be found than William T. Menge, whose birth 
occurred in this village August 19, 1873. Possessing good business 
ability, he has been actively associated with the administration of 
public affairs in an official capacity for many yeai^, and has been 
identified with one of the leading industries of Baraga county sev- 
eral years, being secretary and treasurer of the Baraga County Pub- 
lishing Company. He is a son of August and Theresa Menge, of whom 
a brief biographical sketch may be found on another page of this 
volume. 

Acquiring his early education in the public schools of L'Anse, he 
was graduated from the Detroit Business College with the class of 
1891. Embarking then in mercantile pursuits, Mr. Menge conducted 
a confectionery store for thirteen years, and in 1905 and 1906 was 
successfully engaged in the life insurance business. In 1907 the 
Baraga County Publishing Company was organized, and Mr. Menge 
was elected secretary and treasurer of the corporation, to which he 
has since devoted his best energies. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 869 

In August, 1898, Mr. Menge was united in marriage with Kathe- 
rine Wahl, who was born in Newberry, Pennsylvania, a daughter of 
Andrew and Katherine Wah!, natives respectively of Germany and 
Pennsylvania. Five children have been born to Mr. and Mrs, Menge, 
namely ; Raishe W., Gage T., Ellis Richard, Lola H. T. and Karl W. 

Elected township treasurer in 1897, Mr. Menge was re-elected to 
the same position in 1898 ; in the fall of that same year he was elected 
county treasurer, and to this position was re-eleoted in 1900. lie has 
also served since most satisfactorily as township treasurer and as- 
sessor. 

R. AuGUSTE Paeadis, M. D.— One of the distinguished physicians 
and surgeons of the Upper Peninsula is Dr. Roche Auguste Paradis, who 
is widely and favorably known not only by reason of the distinctive suc- 
cess which he has achieved in the work of his profession but also as 
proprietor of the Paradis Hospital, which is one of the best equipped 
institutions of this kind in the Upper Peninsula. He received the best 
of advantages in preparing himself for his exacting vocation and his 
devotion to the same has been of unequivocal order, as he has not only 
taken great pride and interest in his work but has also been animated 
by deep human sympathy of the kind that transcends mere sentiment 
and becomes an actuating motive for helpfulness. He is a scion of a 
distinguished French family and the name which he bears has been long 
and prominently identified with the history of the province of Quebec, 
Canada. 

Dr. Paradis is a descendant, in the eighth generation, from Pierre 
Paradis, who was bom at Perche, an ancient divisioD of Prance, in the 
province of Maine, now divided among the departments of Ome, Eure- 
et-Loir and Eure, and the date of his nativity was 1605, his death oc- 
curring in 1675. The next in order of direct descent was Guiliaume, 
who was born in 1648 and was married, in Quebec, Canada, in 1670, to 
Genevieve Millouer; he died in 1700. In following out the genealogy 
from this point the head of each generation in the direct line will be 
noted. Jean Paradis, the sixth in order of birth of the children of 
Guiliaume Paradis was born in 1690 and he married Francoise Hudon- 
Beautieu, of Kamouraska. province of Quebec, on the 25th of April, I7I8. 
Their son, Joseph, was bom in 1734 and in 1756 he was married to Anne 
Moreau, of Kamouraska. Jean Baptiste Paradis, son of Joseph and 
Anne (Moreau) Paradis, was bora in 1765 and in 1786, at Riviere du 
Loup, Quebec, he was united in marriage to Josephte Damfause and 
their sixth child, Amable Paradis, was the grandfather of him whose 
name initiates this review. Amable Paradis, who was a lifelong resident 
of the province of Quebec, Canada, was born in 1796 and his death oc- 
curred on the 4th of May, 1848, He was for many years engaged in 
mercantile pursuits and was an able and successful business man. On 
the 14th of October, 1823, was solemnized his marriage to Miss Elizabeth 
Phineas, of Riviere du Loup, and she died on the 25th of August, 1829, 
at the age of twenty-seven years and four months. Amable Paradis 
married as his second wife Sophie Rousseau, of Nicolet, and this union 
was solemnized on the 21st of January, 1833. Amable and Sophie 
(Rousseau) Paradis became the parents of five children and of this 
number Ovide Joseph, father of the doctor, was the second in order of 
birth. He was bom on the 3d of January, 1835, and was reared and edu- 
cated in the province of Quebec. On the I6th of June, 1857, he married 
Louise Chamard, He was summoned to the life eternal in January, 
1876, and his devoted wife passed away on the 5th of March, 1868, her 



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870 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

birth having occurred on the 28th of June, 1836. They became the 
parents of seven children and of the number the doctor is the youngest. 
ConcerniD^ the others the following brief data are given, — Seraphin, 
who is deceased; Marie Joseph Ernest, who died at the age of two years 
and eleven months ; Irene, who died at the age of fourteen and a half 
months; Ernestine, who was born on the 13th of May, 1862; George 
Arthur, who was bom on the 7th of October, 1863; Emile O,, who was 
born on the 19th of December, 1864 ; and Roche Auguste, who was born 
on the 29th of August, 1866, and who figures as the immediate subject 
of this review. 

Ovide Joseph Paradis was bom in the province of Quebec, Canada, 
on the 3d of January, 1835, as has already been noted. He received ex- 
cellent educational advantages and inherited considerable means but be 
never manifested any predilection for professional life, preferring to 
give his attention to industrial and business pursuits, in connection with 
which he achieved a large measure of success. As a young man he 
erected a saw mill, as well as a carding and fulling mill, and both of 
these he carried on successfully for a number of years. Upon disposing 
of his interest in this line of enterprise he built two steam boats, which 
he placed in commission in the transportation of passengers and freight 
on the St, Lawrence river. It is especially worthy of note that one of 
these steamers "La Mouche-^-f eu " is still in service on the St, Lawrence. 
After a few years Mr. Paradis disposed of his boats and thereafter he 
traveled extensively throughout the eastern section of the United States, 
where he gave special attention to visiting and inspecting various piano 
and organ factories in different states. Upon his return to his home he 
built a fine pipe organ which he presented to the church at Saint Michel 
D'Yamaska, in the county of Yamaska, Quebec, of which church both he 
and his family were communicants, and later he manufactured several 
other Cleans. After the death of his first wife he removed to the city of 
Montreal where he continued to maintain his home until his death, which 
occurred in January, 1876. 

Dr. Roche Auguste Paradis was bom at Saint Michel DTamaska, 
in the county of Yamaska, province of Quebec, on the 29th of August, 
1866, and in his native town he received his preliminary educational 
training in the parochial schools. He subsequently attended Nicolet 
College and in 1891 he was graduated in the medical department of 
Laval University, in the city of Quebec, from which historical and ad- 
mirable institution he received his well earned degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine. He initiated the active practice of his profession at Lotbiniere, of 
the county of the same name in the province of Quebec, where he re- 
mained two years, at the expiration of which he came to the Upper 
Peninsula of Michigan and located at Ironwood, where he was engaged 
in the successful work of his profession for the ensuing two years. He 
then, in 1895, removed to Bessemer where he has built up a lai^e and 
representative practice and gained for himself a secure place in popular 
confidence and esteem by reason of his fine professional ability and on 
account of his sterling character and his loyalty and liberalty as a citi- 
zen. In 1902 the Doctor established the Paradis Hospital, which is 
modern in all of its equipment and facilities and which affords advan- 
tages that are greatly appreciated by its many patrons. Dr. Paradis is 
identified with the Gkigebie County Medical Society, the M'ichigan State 
Medical Society and the American Medical Association and the alumni 
associations of Laval University, besides which he is a member of the 
American Geographical Society. He has not only been a close student of 
his profession but has shown a deep interest in the best of general 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 871 

literature, as well as in scientific investigation and study. He is a man 
of broad intellectual ken and is well fortified in his opinions. In politics 
Dr. Paradia maintains an independent attitude and he gives his support 
to all measures and entei^rises tending to advance the best interests of 
the community. Both he and his wife are communicants of the Catholic 
church, in whose faith they were reared. 

In the year 1893 was solemnized the marriage of Dt. Paradis to Miss 
Marie Oetavie Virginie Le May, who was horn at Lothiniere, province 
of Quebec, Canada, in 1864. Her father, who is now eighty-nine years 
of age (1910) was likewise bom and reared in the province of Quebec, 
where he received a collegiate education and where he devoted his at- 
tention to the study of theology for two years. His health became im- 
paired, however, and he thus decided to resign the idea of preparing 
himself for the arduous duties of the priesthood of the Catholic church. 
He has served as notary public for nearly sixty years and is now the 
oldest incumbent of this office in the Dominion of Canada, while there 
can be slight doubt that both in years and in point of service he is the 
oldest incumbent of this position on the continent of North America. 
Dr. and Mrs. Paradis have eight children, whose names and respective 
dates of birth are here noted, — M. E. Lueette, July 18, 1894 ; Charles 
Ovide, November 16, 1895; David Philippe Auguste, June 7, 1897; Wil- 
liam Gerard, July 16, 1899; Marie Louise, November 20, 1900; Jean 
Arthur Emile Ernest, November 26, 1904; Virginia Eulalie Juliette, 
July 2, 1906 ; and Henry Leopold Le May, July 10, 1908. 

James Rubeo Lisa, Italian consular agent and steamship agent lo- 
cated at Calumet, is the owner of considerable valuable city property 
and is a citizen of influence, particulariy among the members of the 
Italian element. He is a native of "sunny Italy," his birth having 
occurred in the village of San Martino, Cannanese, on October 12, 1845. 
Until his thirteenth year he attended the common schools of his native 
country, and then began his apprenticeship in a bakery shop. Hav- 
ing completed his baker's training he traveled a short time as a jour- 
neyman, but when about eighteen years old he concluded to seek the 
country of whose opportunities so much had been told. He arrived 
in America in July, 1873, and went immediately from New York to 
Hancock, Michigan, later going on to Calumet. He secured employ- 
ment in the copper mines of the Upper Peninsula, remaining thus 
engaged for a number of months, and then going with the Calumet 
& Hecla Company. 

In 1874 this new American citizen removed to Chicago and spent 
the next three years in this great metropolis, employed in various 
kinds of work. In 1877 he returned to Calumet and became a clerk 
in the general merchandise store of Nappa & Company. Mr. Lisa, 
who is possessed of unusual business acumen, by 1880 found himself 
in a position to become more independent, and started a candy store. 
His business grew steadily and rapidly and his means accumulated in 
gratifying fashion. Mr. Lisa retired from this business only after 
twenty-six years. During this time he built his brick block, fifty- 
eight by ninety-six, and two stories in height. 

In 1895 Mr. Lisa was appointed consular agent for the Upper 
Peninsula in Michigan. His business in correspondence has been 
largely confined to the Italian element. He has been prominently 
identified with city affairs and was for two years a member of the 
council. He has been for several years a member of the village board 
of Red Jacket. Fraternally he is a member of Hecla lodge, I. 0. 0. P. 



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872 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Mr. Lisa's wife, before her marriage Miss Martha Nida, is also a 
native of Italy. Their iinioo was celebrated on the 13th of February, 
1871. They are the parents of seven children, six daughters and a 
son. Josephine is the wife of Maurice Bandettini, proprietor of the 
Hotel Michigan; Julia is bookkeeper for Petermann & Company, of 
Wolverine; Mary resides in the west; Angeline, Irene and Catherine 
are all at home; and James is a student at the Michigan state university. 

Dr. Harky "W. Long, a prominent physician of Escanaba, was born 
in New Brunswick, July 29, 1878. His father, H. M. Long, was of 
English and Scotch descent and also a native of New Brunswick, as 
was his wife, Annie Perkins. They ceme to Menominee, Michigan, in 
1887, and there died, the father at the age of seventy-four and the 
mother at sixty-five years. They were parents of four sons and three 
daughters, all of whom lived to maturity, and still survive. 

Dr. Long is the fifth child and third son of his parents, and was 
nine years of age when the family came to the Northern Peninsula. 
He received his primary education in the public schools of Menomi- 
nee, and in 1891 came to Escanaba to continue his studies, graduat- 
ing in 1894 from the Escanaba High School. He attended the Uni- 
versity of Michigan one year, taking literary work, and took a medi- 
cal course at the Northwestern University at Chicago, graduating from 
the medical department in 1900. Returning to Escanaba, he began 
the practice of his profession, and has built up a large practice. He 
has won the confidence and esteem of the citizens of Escanaba, and 
has made a good showing in his work. Dr. Long is a member of the 
Delta County, State and American Medical Societies, also the Upper 
Peninsula Medical Society, and stands well among his associates. 
He is now president of the Delta County Society and was at one time 
secretary of the Upper Peninsula Society. He is at present ser^'jng 
as health ofBeer of the city of Escanaba. Dr. Long is a member of the 
Masonic order, being aifiliated with the Chapter, Commandery and 
Shrine; he also belongs to the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks and to the Knights of Pythias. lie is a stanch Republican, and 
takes a commendable interest in local public affairs. Dr. Long has 
been for twenty-two years a resident of the Northern Peninsula, and 
has won a host of friends. 

In 1904 Dr. Long married Emily, daughter of David and Mary 
(Powell) Rees. They have one living child. 

Judge Elmbe S. B. Sutton. — Holding a place of prominence on the 
list of names that have conferred honor upon the legal profession in 
the Upper Peninsula is that of Judge Elmer S. B. Sutton, of Sault Ste. 
Marie, whose position as a man and a lawyer is such as to clearly en- 
title him to representation in this volume. A son of the late Jonathan 
Sutton, he was born, March 20, 1854, in Orion, Oakland county, Michi- 
gan, of English lineage. He comes of colonial ancestry, tracing his 
lineage in a direct line to one William Sutton, who emigrated from 
England to the United States in 1666, locating in the town of Eastham, 
Massachusetts, on Cape Cod, and spending his remaining years in that 
vicinity, at his death being buried in the iittle Quaker churchyard in 
Woodbridge, Massachusetts. 

Three of his descendants, Jonathan Sutton, the Judge 's great-grand- 
father, and Jonathan's brothers, Uriah and Joseph, served in the Revo- 
lutionary war, the latter taking part in the battle of Monmouth and the 
other two bearing the commission of captain and serving bravely in 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 873 

various engagements. Jonathan Sutton's son, Jacob Sutton, the grand- 
father of Judge Sutton, was born in Sussex county, New Jersey, October 
12. 1773, and died at Franklin Furnace, October 28, 1832, while yet in 
manhood's prime. 

Judge Sutton's father, Jonathan Sutton, was born in Elizabeth, New 
Jersey, December 24, 1807, and there spent his early life. In 1839 he 
followed the trail of the emigrant to Michigan, locating in Oakland 
county, where he was for many years engaged in mercantile pursuits, 
and likewise in general farming. He was a war Democrat, and notwith- 
standing the fact that while a resident of New Jersey he was a slave- 
holder, he raised a company of soldiers for service during the Civil war, 
assembling the brave men on his farm at Pontiac and standing all the 
expense himself. He was a successful business man, and continued his 
active career until his death, December 5, 1874, on his home farm. His 
wife, whose maiden name was Delilah Predmore, was bom in New Jer- 
sey, of English ancestors, and died, in 1892, in Michigan. Five sons 
and five daughters were born of their union, and of these four sons and 
two daughters are living, the Judge being the youngest child. 

But eight years old when his parents moved from Orion to Saginaw, 
Michigan, Elmer S. B. Sutton there received his elementary education 
at the age of eighteen years being graduated from the high school. He 
subsequently studied Latin with Rev. Father De Cuniek, after which 
he read law three years in the office of Colonel John Atkinson. Ad- 
mitted to the bar in Wayne county, Michigan, in 1876, Mr. Sutton lo- 
cated in Sault Ste. Marie the following year, being the second lawyer to 
open an office in this part of Chippewa county, and has since been 
actively and successfully engaged in the practice of the profession of 
his choice, his only partner during all of these years having been T, J. 
Martin, with whom he was associated in 1887 and 1888. 

Judge Sutton has been prominent not only in legal and political 
circles, but also in social and fraternal organizations, having ever been 
among the foremost in promoting the public welfare since coming to 
the "Soo. " He has served both as county inspector of schools and as 
county superintendent of schools ; was circuit court commissioner from 
1880 until 1884; was judge of probate at the same time; and in 1886 
was elected prosecuting attorney for one term. He was iai^ely instru- 
mental in the early days in suppressing the lawlessness that obtained in 
this section of the state, and in 1880, as an appreciation of his good 
services in securing the conviction of a gang of counterfeiters from 
Canada, the Judge was appointed a life commissioner of the court of the 
queen's bench of the Dominion. Since 1894 he has served as United 
States commissioner. 

Giving up somewhat the general practice of law in 1891, Judge Sut- 
ton has since confined his attention largely to admiralty law, on which 
he is an authority, and has been interested in many notable marine 
cases. As attorney for the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. MJarie 
Railway Company, he transacts all of their business at this end of the 
line, and during the existence of the Sault Ste. Marie National Bank 
he was one of its directors and its attorney. He is a member and was 
the president of the Soo Club, and is very prominent in the Masonic 
order, in which he has taken the thirty-second degree, being a member 
of lodge, chapter, council, eommandery and shrine. He likewise be- 
longs to the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and to the Knights 
of Pythias. He is a stanch supporter of the principles of the Repub- 
lican party. He is a most successful trial lawyer, having cases of im- 



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874 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

portance oftentimes in the supreme eourt, his praetiee extending into 
other cities. 

Judge Sutton married, October 1, 1881, Annie A. Seranton, who was 
born in Sault Ste. iVIarie, a daughter of Myron W. and Henrietta (Bar- 
beau) Seranton. Her father was born in Ohio in 1835, and was an early 
settler of Chippewa county, having, previous to 1856, been agent for 
the first steamboat company doing business at the "Soo." He was en- 
gaged in the mercantile business afterward, and for many years served 
as county treasurer and as township treasurer, continuing active in 
public life until his death in 1907. His wife, who was bom in 1841, 
survived bim, passing away in August, 1909, Her father, Pierre Bar- 
beau, Mrs. Sutton's grandfather, was a factor of the American Fur 
Company, having jurisdiction from Detroit to Hudson's Bay. He was 
very well known and very popular, Baraboo, Wisconsin, having been 
named in his honor. Mrs. Sutton was one of a family of four children, 
being the third child in succession of birth. 

Andrew J. Boyington. — Distinguished as a pioneer resident of the 
Upper Peninsula and as the pioneer hotel keeper of Iron River, An- 
drew J. Boyington, now living retired from active pursuits, was for 
many years actively identified with the leading interests of Iron River 
and a prominent factor in promoting its agricultural and material 
prosperity and growth. He was born, September 3, 1842, in Allegany 
county, New York, a son of Asahel Boyington. His father, Jonathan 
Boyington, who came from English ancestry, was a native, it is sup- 
posed, of Vermont, where he grew to manhood and married. lie 
afterwards lived for a number of years in New York state, from there 
moving to Wisconsin and spending his last days in Jefferson county. 

Bom in the Green Mountain state, Asahel Boyington was there 
reared to agricultural pursuits, which he subsequently followed for a 
while in Allegany county, New York. From there he moved, in 1843, 
to WiscorLsin, being accompanied by his family. Starting with a team, 
he traveled across the country to Buffalo, a distance of sixty miles, 
and there embarked, team and all, on a steamer and proceeded by way 
of Lake Erie to Milwaukee, then a small village. Prom there, with 
teams, he followed an Indian trail to Jelferson county, going forty 
miles through the forest. He there purchased a tract of timbered land 
in what is now Sullivan township, and having cleared an opening 
erected a log cabin in which to live. He was the only settler within 
a radius of five miles, while Milwaukee was the nearest post office and 
the only depot for supplies. The wild beasts of the wilderness had not 
then fled before the advancing steps of civilization, but, with the dusky 
savage, inhabited the forests, roaming at will through the dense woods. 
Clearing a part of the land, he was there one of the leading farmers 
until 1863, when be disposed of his homestead, although he remained 
a resident of the county. After the return from the army of his son, 
Andrew J. Boyington, the subject of this sketch, he bought a well 
improved farm in Hebron township, and resided there a few years. 
Moving then to Fort Atkinson, he lived there until his death, at the 
venerable age of eighty-three years. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Esther Sanford, was born in New York state, a daughter of Abrani 
and Susan (Woodworth) Sanford. She lived until ninety-five years 
of age. Nine children were bom of their union, as follows: Titus, 
David, Jesse, Sarah, Hiram, Melinda, George, Andrew J. and Lucy. 
All of the sons, six in number, served bravely in the Civil war. 

Reared among the pioneer scenes of Jefferson coiinty, Wisconsin, 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 875 

Andrew J. Boyington remained beneath the parental roof-tree until 
after the breaking out of the Civil war, when his patriotic enthusiasm 
was aroused and he cheerfully offered his services to his country. 
Enlisting, September 30, 1861, in Company H, Thirteenth "Wisconsin 
Volunteer Infantry, he served with his comrades at the front until 
the expiration of his term of enlistment. In 1863 Mr. Boyington re- 
enlisted and continued with his regiment in all of its marches, cam- 
paigns and battles until November 21, 1864. On that day, while on 
patrol duty, guarding a railroad at Huntsville, Alabama, he was shot 
by a bushwhacker, and as a result lost his left arm. In June, 1865, he 
was honorably discharged from the service and returned home. 

In partnership with his father, Mr. Boyington then purchased a 
farm in Hebron township, and was there engaged in tilling the soil 
until 1870. Traveling then by stage where there were no railways, he 
went to the Northwest territories, and until 1871 was employed in 
prospecting for the precious metal in Montana. Returning then to 
"Wisconsin, Mr. Boyington married in the following spring, and in 
April, 1872, came to the Upper Peninsula, locating at Menominee, then 
a small log-cabin village. On July 16 of that year, he was joined by 
his bride, who came in on the first regular passenger train that en- 
tered the place. Opening a billiard room and a dispensary, he was 
there in business until 1877, when he sold out and went to the Pacific 
coast. He settled at Seattle, in the territory of Washington, which 
was then a town of three thousand inhabitants, with scant promise 
of its present proud position among the coast cities. He remained 
there until the fall of 1878, when he returned to Menominee, where he 
continued his residence for more than a year. 

Coming from there to Iron county, Mr. Boyington located at Iron 
Mountain on January 7, 1880. At that time there were but four build- 
ings in the place, and they were unfinished, although two of them 
were occupied by grocery stores. There was not a woman in the town 
until the advent of Mrs. Boyington, the few men residing there keep- 
ing bachelor's hall. Buying two lots, Mr. Boyington erected two 
buildings, the ground floors to be used for stores, and the upper stories 
for residential purposes. Selling out in 1882, Mr. Boyington came to 
Iron River, making the removal with a pair of horses and a wagon, 
bringing his family and all of his household goods and arriving Feb- 
ruary 16, 1882. The site of Iron River was then a wilderness, the only 
buildings in the vicinity being three small log cabins. He at once 
began the erection of a hotel, which, though it was then far from com- 
plete, he opened to the public on November 1, 1882. It contained fifty 
rooms, and was well equipped for those days. On June 27, 1885, the 
structure was burned, but Mr. Boyington, with characteristic enter- 
prise, moved to a house near by and continued as before to entertain 
travelers. In the meantime the' work of rebuilding progressed rapidly, 
and on the first of July, 1886, the present Boyington Hotel threw open 
its doors to the public. In addition to conducting his hotel, Mr. Boy- 
ington also operated his farm of two hundred and forty acres, two 
miles and a half from the village center, raising an ample supply of 
milk and vegetables for the hotel and all of the hay needed in his 
livery. In 1897 he admitted his son, Philip L., to partnership, and 
continued with him until 1906, when he sold out to his partner. Since 
that time Mr. Boyington has lived retired from active pursuits, hav- 
ing a most pleasant home but a few blocks from the hotel. 

Mr. Boyington married, March 16, 1872, Lefa Wait, who was born. 
June 30, 1850, at New Berlin, Waukesha county, Wisconsin, a daugh- 



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876 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

ter of Thaddeus Wait. Her grandfather, Samuel "Wait, was bom, it 
is tlioiigiit, in England, came with his parents to the United States, 
and began life as a farmer in northern New York. From there he 
moved to Wisconsin and spent his last years in Waukesha county. Ilia 
wife, whose maiden name was Lorania Covey, survived him and died 
at the home of a daughter in Winnebago county, Wisconsin, Born in 
New York state, Thaddeus Wait was young when he moved with his 
parents to Wisconsin. Buying forty acres of land at New Berlin after 
his marriage, he resided there until 1852, when he went to Outagamie 
county, Wisconsin, becoming an early pioneer of that section. Buying 
government land, he built a log cabin, began the improvement of a 
homestead, and there resided until his death, at the comparatively 
early age of forty-three years. The maiden name of the wife of Mr. 
Wait was Lura Barber. She was born in Vermont, which was also 
the birthplace of her father, George Barber. A pioneer of New Berlin, 
Wisconsin, George Barber moved there several years before there were 
any railways in that vicinity, and for sometime was there engaged in 
teaming, taking produce from that place to Milwaukee, on his return 
trip bringing back merchandise of all kinds. He was accidentally 
killed by being thrown from his wagon when his team ran away. The 
maiden name of the wife of George Barber was Polly Crampton. She 
survived him, passing away at the home of a daughter at the age of 
four score years. She reared five children, namely : Viola ; Lef a, wife 
of Mr. Boyington ; Manville B. ; Julia ; and Julius, Two sons were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Boyington, Burt L., who lived but fourteen years ; 
and Philip L., of whom a brief sketch may be found following this, 

Philip L. Boyington. — Enterprising, genial and accommodating, 
Philip L. Boyington, of Iron River, proprietor of the Boyington Hotel, 
has acquired an enviable reputation as "mine host," and is especially 
popular with the traveling public, being ever mindful of the wants 
and comfort of his guests. A son of Andrew J. and Lefa (Wait) 
Boyington, he was bom, July 29, 1876, in Menominee, Wisconsin, of 
substantial New England ancestry. Further parental and ancestral 
history may be found on another page of this work, in connection with 
the sketch of his father, Andrew J, Boyington. 

A lad of six, years when he came with his parents to Iron River, 
Mr. Boyington has since made this place his home. On attaining his 
majority his father gave him a half interest in his property and his 
business, and they were associated in the management of affairs until 
1906, when Mr. Boyington bought out his father's share of the house 
and livery, and has since been sole proprietor and manager. In addi- 
tion to caring for these, he likewise has charge of the home farm, on 
which all of the milk, vegetables, poultry and eggs used in the hotel, 
and the greater part of the hay and grain used in the livery, are pro- 
duced. Mr. Boyington married Abbie Oilman, and they have one child, 
Gladys Boyington. 

Hugh Douglas WniTEwEiiL is to be designated in this publication 
as one of the progressive and representative young business men of St. 
Ignace, where he is serving as eity treasurer and where he has main- 
tained his home since his boyhood days. Here he is now successfully 
established in the lumber business, besides which he is proprietor of the 
Leclerc Hotel, one of the well conducted and popular hostelries of the 
Upper Peninsula, 

Mr. Whitewell was bom in Dunnville, Monck county. Province of 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 877 

Ontario, Canada, on the 13th of May, 1872, aad is a son of Thomas and 
Agnes (Jameson) Whitewel!, the former of whom was born in Ontario, 
of English parentage, and the latter is a native of Scotland. They now 
maintain their home in St. Ignaee, Michigan, with whose business and 
civic activities the father has lor^ been prominently identified. Of the 
five children, four are living and the subject of this sljeteh is the eldest 
of the number; the other children are Jessie, John and Clarence. The 
father is a brick and stone mason by trade and he continued to be en- 
gaged in the work of his trade in Ontario until the spring of 1882, when 
he came to St. Ignaee to assume the position of foreman in the building 
of the retorts for the Martelt Furnace Company. Later he engaged in 
general contracting and building, with which he was actively identified 
until 1907, since which time he has lived virtually retired. He is a 
stanch Republican in his political proclivities and both he and his wife 
hold membership in the Methodist Episcopal church. 

The subject of this review gained his rudimentary education in the 
public schools of his native town and was about ten years of age at the 
time of the family removal to St. Ignaee, where he continued his studies 
in the public schools until he was sixteen years of age. His initial busi- 
ness experiences were gained as a clerk in a drug and grocery store con- 
ducted by Charles H. "Wilber, with whom he remained four years, after 
which he was employed for one year as clerk in a hotel conducted by 
Charles Y. Bennett. Thereafter he was superintendent and foreman of 
the lumber camps of the firm of J. H. Green & Son for two years, at 
the expiration of which he became manager of the Leclerc Hotel. On 
the 1st of May, 1902, he assumed charge of this popular hotel, of which 
he has since been the proprietor and which he has since so well con- 
ducted as to merit the large and representative patronage accorded it. 
Since 1906 he has also been actively engaged in the lumber business as 
a retail dealer. 

In politics Mr. Whitewell is a stanch advocate of the principles and 
policies of the Republican party and he is well fortified in his convic- 
tions as to matters of public polity. He is chairman of the Republican 
city committee of St. Ignaee and he has been an active worker in the 
local ranks of the party. In the spring of 1910 Mr. Whitewell was 
elected to the office of city treasurer and in the same he has given a 
most able and satisfactory administration. In the community in which 
he was reared his circle of friends is limited only by that of his ac- 
quaintances and he is one of the well known and popular citizens of 
Mackinac county. He is a member of St. Ignaee Lodge, No. 369, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; and Gateway City Lodge, No. 93, Knights of 
Pythias. 

On the 28th of November, 1894, Mr. Whitewell was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Clara Walters, who was bom in Germany, and who is a 
daughter of August Walters, who still resides in the German fatherland, 
where Mrs. Whitewell was reared to adult age, being the next to the 
youngest in a family of six children. Mr. and Mrs. Whitewell have 
one child, John Walter, who was born on the 1st of October, 1910. 

Joseph H. Simansky is one of the active young business men of 
Menominee, whither he came when a boy. He was born in the province 
of Lodz. Poland, March 21, 1873, and his parents, Isaac and Pesha (Gold- 
burg) Simansky, were bom in the same province. They were married 
in the fatherland, and of the twelve children which blessed their mar- 
riage union, the following four are living: Joseph H., Anna May, wife 



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878 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

of Max Greenburg and a graduate of the Menominee high school, Emma, 
attending the same institution, and Hattie. Isaac Simansky was a cloth- 
ing merchant in Germany, but after coming to the United States and 
to Menominee, Michigan, in 1882, he turned his attention to the hard- 
ware business, but later sold that establishment to resume the elothiag 
business and to become the head of the firm of I. Simansky and Son. 
He was a member of the Independent Order of Foresters and of the 
Jewish societies, while in politics he affiliated with the Republican party, 
Joseph H. Simansky came to the United States in 1883 and joined 
hia father at Menominee in the same year, where he completed his edu- 
cational training. When a young man of nineteen years he began selling 
goods on the road, and later going to Chicago he was a clerk in a cloth- 
ing house there for a year and a half, returning at the close of that 
period to Menominee. The firm of I. Simansky and Son was organized 
in October of 1891, for the purpose of carrying on a mercantile business 
in men's clothing and furnishings, hats and shoes. They started in a 
modest way on a side street, for they were at first handicapped by lack 
of capital. Their first store was on the corner of Kirby street and Grand 
avenue, in the original "Wistrand block, and from that small beginning 
a large and profitable business was gradually built. After seven years 
this first store building was found entirely inadequate for the handling 
of the growing bu.niness, and John "Wistrand was induced to erect the 
commodious Wistrand Block opposite the post office, for the purpose 
of giving to the firm of I. Simansky and Son a large double store. The 
new building was so designed as to afford skylights, as well as front and 
rear windows in conformity with the plans urged by Joseph H. Siman- 
sky, who at the time of the opening of the new store in 1901 selected on 
that account the name "Daylight Clothing House," by which the store 
is now known over a wide territory. A few years after the opening of 
the store the senior partner, Isaac Simansky, was compelled on account 
of declining health to give up the active management and direction of 
the business, which was assumed by his son, Joseph H, Simansky, and 
on the 15th of October, 1906, the father was called from this life, closing 
a career which proved a credit to himself and a source of pride to his 
many friends. 

Joseph H. Simansky married on the 15th of February, 1905, Anna 
Raphael, and their two children are Lillian R. and Irvin B. Mr. Si- 
mansky is a Chapter and Royal Arch Mason, an Odd Fellow, a Knight 
of Pythias and a member of the Independent Order of Foresters and of 
the Modem Brotherhood of Yeomen. His political affiliations are with 
the Republican party. 

WiLMEB Marvin Ramsdell. — A man of ability and intelligence, Wii- 
mer Marvin Ramsdell holds a noteworthy position among the promi- 
nent and influential citizens of Norway, where he is carrying on a 
substantial mercantile business, and is also an extensive owner of city 
property. Coming from both sides of the family of sturdy New Bng- 
land stock, he was born, October 22, 1855, in Racine, Wisconsin, where 
his father, Justus L. Ramsdell, was an early settler. 

His grandfather, Daniel Ramsdell, a son of Daniel Ramsdell, Sr., 
was bom and reared in Wardsboro, Vermont. Choosing the inde- 
pendent occupation of a farmer, he purchased two farms in Shoreham, 
Vermont, and was there for many years extensively engaged in gen- 
eral farming and stock raising. Disposing of his Vermont land in 
1856, he removed to Wisconsin, locating at Eureka, on the Fox river. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 879 

and there resided with his son the remainder of his life, dying in 1858. 
He was twice married, his second wife, whose maiden name was Betsey 
Green, dying the same year that he did. She reared five children, 
three sons and two daughters, one of whom was Justus h. 

Born March 14, 1829, in Shoreham, Addison county, Vermont, 
Justus L. Eamsdell early became familiar with all branches of agricul- 
ture. In 1853 he settled in Racine, Wisconsin, then a flourishing vil- 
lage, and subsequently introduced into that part of the state the first 
full blooded stallion ever brought there, it having been a Black Hawk 
Morgan. About 1855 he removed to Eureka, Wisconsin, and was there 
a resident until 1865. He afterwards lived seven years in New Lon- 
don, theu in Manitowoc until he went to Peshtigo, Marinette county, 
where he kept a boarding house sis years. Removing from there to 
Escanaba, Michigan, he remained two years, and then returned to 
Wisconsin, spending one year at Shawano, and six years in Peshtigo, 
and after which he lived for a time in Escanaba, subsequently 
going to Osbkosh, Wisconsin, and from there coming to Nor- 
way, Michigan, where his death occurred in January, 1903. The 
maiden name of his wife was Martha Cotton. She was born, July 31, 
1833, in Shoreham, Vermont, a daughter of Horace Cotton. Her grand- 
father, William Cotton, a native of England, came to America when 
a young man, and followed the tailor's trade during his active life in 
Connecticut. He married Katie Resch, who was bom in Amsterdam, 
Holland, and was but two years old when her parents crossed the 
ocean, and settled in Portland, Maine, where she was brought up and 
educated. At the age of fourteen years Horace Cotton was bound 
out, and for seven years served an apprenticeship at the shoemaker's 
trade. Going then to Massachusetts, he married, in Sandisfield, Berk- 
shire county, Rebecca Marvin, who was born in that town, a daughter 
of Daniel and Rebecca (Smith) Marvin, natives of Massachusetts, of 
early colonial ancestry. 

Immediately after his marriage, Horace Cotton started on horse- 
back for Vermont, his bride taking her little four-year-old sister before 
her. Following a trail marked by blazed trees, they arrived in the 
town of Shoreham after a few days of riding. Buying a tract of tim- 
bered land, he built a log house in the wilderness, and there followed 
his trade for a while. Subsequently removing with his family to the 
site of the present village of Shoreham, he bought six acres of land, 
and while he was remodelling the house which stood upon his prop- 
erty, the family occupied the first house ever erected in Shoreham, and 
in it their daughter Martha, who married Justus L. Rarasdell, was 
bom. Late in life Mr. Cotton removed with his family to Racine, 
Wisconsin, purchased a home, and there he and his wife passed their 
remaining years. 

Wilraer Marvin Ramsdeil was the oldest of a family of three chil- 
dren, the others being his sister Genevieve and his brother Herbert. 
He attended school in the numerous places in Wisconsin and Michigan 
in which the family resided during his youthful days, and while yet 
in his teens served an apprenticeship at the baker's trade in Peshtigo, 
Wisconsin. Subsequently, while at Escanaba, he clerked for five years 
in the hardware store of W. J. Wallace. Embarking in business on 
his own account in 1882, Mr. Ramsdeil came to the Upper Peninsula, 
settling in the new village of Stambaugh. Purchasing a corner lot, 
he put up a building, his goods coming on the first train that came 
over the railroad into the place, and was there engaged in the hard- 
ware business until 1884, Coming then to Norway, he entered the 



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880 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

employment once more of Mr, Wallace, clerking for him until 1888, 
when he purchased an interest in the business. Two years later, Mr. 
Ramsdeil became sole proprietor of the store, and in 190—, moved to 
the new town site, and erected, at the corner of Nelson and Raymond 
streets, a commodious brick building, the first one in the new location, 
and has since been the leading hardware merchant of this part of 
Dickinson county. He has been eminently successful in his operations, 
in addition to his store and stock owning city property of value. 

Ou April 3, 1878, Mr. Eamsdell married Stella Pamelia Seckler, 
who was born in Menekaunee, now East Marinette, Wisconsin, May 
2, 1857. Her father, Philip Seckler, a native, it is thought, of Tona- 
wanda, Pennsylvania, was an early settler of Menekaunee, where he 
followed the trade of brick and plaster mason during his active years, 
subsequently spending his last days in Marinette, dying there at the 
age of sixty-five years. He married Eliza Dyer, whose parents were 
born and reared in Connecticut. She survived him, passing away, in 
Marinette, at the advanced age of eighty-three years. She reared six 
children, as follows: Mary Abbie; George; Wellman; Dorsey; Jeff; 
and Stella P., wife of Mr, Ramsdeil. Mr. and Mrs, Ramsdeil have two 
children, Ellis T. and Myrtle B. 

Always identified with the Republican party, Mr. Ramsdeil has 
rendered good service both as alderman and as a member of the school 
board, and for two terms was city treasurer. Fraternally he is a mem- 
ber of Norwav Lodge, No. 362, F. & A. M. ; of Iron Mountain Chapter, 
No. 121, R. A. M. ; of Hugh McCurdy Coramandery, No. 43, K. T.; of 
Ahmed Temple, Order of the Mystic Shrine, at Marquette; of Iron 
Mountain Lodge, No. 700, B. P. 0. B. ; of Pine Camp, M. W. A. ; and 
. of Norway Lodge, Sons of Hermann. 

Beic Eric^on,— -The Scandinavian nations have contributed a most 
vital and valuable element to the cosmopolitan social fabric of our great 
American republic, and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan has been 
signally favored in having gained a strong quota of worthy citizens 
from this source. Such a representative citizen is Eric Ericson, who is 
the able and popular postmaster of the village of Republic, Marquette 
county. 

Mr. Ericson was born at Oboga, Sweden, on the 24th of January, 
1844, and is a son of Erie and Christena (Anderson) Ericson, the 
former of whom was born in 1808 and passed his entire life in his 
native land, where he died in 1870, his widow came to America and 
passed the closing years of her life at Republic, where she died in the 
early '90s. Of the four children three are living, —Andrew, who re- 
sides in Sweden ; Charlotte, who is the wife of Rudolph Erickson and 
resides at Republic; and Erie, who is the immediate subject of this 
review. 

Eric Ericson was reared to maturity on the old homestead farm 
in Sweden and was afforded the advantages of the schools of the locality. 
For a time he was engaged as clerk in a mercantile establishment io 
his home province, and in 1869, at the age of twenty-five years, he 
severed the ties that bound him to home and native land and set forth 
for America, where he believed he could find better opportunities for 
winning independence and success through personal endeavor. He 
landed in the port of New York city and soon afterward came to the 
Upper Peninsula of Michigan. He located at Ishpeming and there- 
after was employed as a miner for a period of about two years. He 
then removed to Republic, where he was employed as clerk in a general 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 881 

merchandise store until 1877, when he engaged in the same line of 
enterprise on his own responsibility. He became one of the leading 
merchants and influential citizens of the town and he has done well 
his part in connection with its development and substantial upbuilding. 
He retired from the mercantile business in 1898, in which year he was 
appointed postmaster of Republic, an office which he has retained 
during the intervening period of more than a decade. His protracted 
incumbency offers the best voucher for his efficient service, as well as 
for his personal popularity in the community that has so long repre- 
sented his home. He is a man of sterling attributes of character and 
has a secure place in the esteem of all who know him. He is a stalwart 
advocate of the cause of the Republican party. His wife holds mem- 
bership in the Swedish Methodist Episcopal church. 

In the year 1872, Mr. Ericson was united in marriage to Miss Jo- 
hanna Olson, who was born in Sweden and who was thirteen years of 
age at the time of the family immigration to America. Mr. and Mrs. 
Ericson have six children, namely: Hilda, Jelmar, Hugo, Arthur, 
George and Ralph. Hilda is the wife of C. W. Rosenheim, of Chicago, 
and Jelmar and Hugo were graduated in the Marquette Business Col- 
lege, and the latter is his father's assistant in the postoflfiee. 

Jay W. Hoose.— a well known factor in advancing the business ac- 
tivities of Iron Mountain, Jay W. Hoose has been a resident of this city 
for upwards of twenty years, during which time he has gained the 
respect and esteem of his neighbors and associates, having proved him- 
self a valuable and worthy citizen. A son of William Hoose, he was 
bom July 9, 1860, at Wautoma, Waushara county, Wisconsin. His 
grandfather, John William Hoose, a native either of Connecticut or 
Vii^nia, was a farmer by oeeupation and spent his last years in Virginia. 

Born and reared on a Virginia plantation, WiUiam Hoose migrated 
to New York state in early manhood, locating in Penn Yan, where he 
purchased land and for a few years was engaged in tilling the soil. 
Subsequently following the trail of the emigrant westward, he went by 
way of the Erie canal and the Great Dakes to Berlin, Wisconsin. All 
of the country in the vicinity of Green Lake county was then a path- 
less wilderness, the greater part of the land being owned by the govern- 
ment. Securing a tract, he cleared and improved a portion of it and 
then moved to Wautoma, Waushara county, where he purchased another 
tract of timber from the government. There he cleared a good farm 
and resided until his death in 1863. The maiden name of his wife 
was Mary Adeline Ruddock. She was born in Buckland, Franklin 
county, Massachusetts, a daughter of Justin Ruddock, who was born 
and reared in Massachiisetts. Removing to New York state, Mr. Rud- 
dock resided for a number of years in Onondaga county, from there 
going by way of the canal and lakes to Wisconsin. Settling at Berlin, 
Green Lake county, he took up land from the government, and having 
improved a farm was there a resident until his death, at the advanced 
age of ninety-six years. The maiden name of the wife of Mr. Ruddock 
was Rhoda Damon. She was born in Massachusetts, and died in Wiscon- 
sin. After the death of her husband Mrs. William rHoose came to Iron 
Mountain and here spent her clcsing years, passing away at the age of 
sixty-three years. 

But two years old when his father died, Jay W. Hoose was brought 
up by his mother, receiving a good common school education and be- 
ing trained to habits of industry and thrift. When ready to embark 
in business on his own account, he opened a provision market at Berlin, 



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882 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Wisconsin, and conducted it until 1889. Coming then to Iron Mountain, 
he purchased the stock and good will of a provision store and carried 
on a remunerative business for about fifteen years, when he sold out. 
Mr. Hoose has since heen variously employed, having been a contractor 
in railroad construction, likewise engaging in steam shovel mining and 
in logging, in his operations being uniformly successful. 

Mr. Hoose married in December, 1898, Gussie Olson, who was bom 
in Sweden, which was also the birljiplace of her parents. Emigrating 
to this country in 1869, Gust Olson located at Menominee, Michigan, 
where, in 1870, he was joined by his family. He subsequently bought 
land in Nadeau, Michigan, and has since been there engaged in farming 
and charcoal burning. Mr. and Mrs, Hoose have one daughter, Thelma. 
He and his family attend the Presbyterian church, of which Mrs. Hoose 
is a member. Politically Mr. Hoose is identified with the Republican 
party, and fraternally he is a member of Hematite Lodge No. 700, 
K. of P. 

Charles H. Machia.— The present efficient and progressive mayor 
of the city of St. Ignace is one of the representative business men and 
most liberal and public spirited citizens of Mackinac county and in his 
home city he is successfully established in the lumber business. 

Charles Henry Machia was born at Egg Harbor, Door county, Wis- 
consin, on the 15th of September, 1870, and is a son of James and 
Lydia (Post) Machia, the former of whom was born in the state of 
New York, and the latter in Connecticut. The mother died in 188:j 
and is survived by four of her five children,— namely : Charles H., 
the subject of this review; Fannie, wife of Captain Lewis Strahn, of 
Marinette, Wisconsin; Charlotte, wife of Frank Vallier, of St. Ignace; 
and Matilda, wife of Lloyd Powell, a resident of the state of Washing- 
ton. James Machia settled in Wisconsin in the pioneer days and be- 
came one of the successful farmers of Door county, where he contin- 
ued to be identified with the great basic industry of agriculture until 
1895, since which time he has lived virtually retired in the village of 
Sturgeon Bay, that state. He is a Republican in polities and is a 
member of the Catholic church, as was also his cherished and devoted 
wife. 

Charles H. Machia was reared to the sturdy discipline of the home 
farm and his early educational advantages were such as were af- 
forded in the village of Egg Harbor, his native town. When sixteen 
years of age he began work in the lumber camps and also as assistant 
in driving the logs down the various rivers. He continued to be iden- 
tified with this line of enterprise in his native state until 1891, when 
he came to St. Ignace and here secured employment in the neighbor- 
ing lumber camps, where he was thus engaged until 1899, when he 
began lumbering operations upon his own responsibility as senior 
member of the firm of Machia & Vogelsanger, which still continues 
successful operation, with headquarters in the city of St. Ignace. 
In addition to his connection with this important enterprise Mr, Ma- 
chia is also manager and purchasing agent of the leading wood-pulp 
corporations at Appleton, Wisconsin. 

In polities Mr. Machia gives a stalwart support to the cause of 
the Republican party and during the years of his residence in St, 
Ignace he has been a valued factor in the local councils of his party. 
In the autumn of 1908 he was appointed a member of the canvassing 
board of Mackinac county and he served in this position for two 
years. In April, 1910, he was elected mayor of St. Ignace and in this 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 883 

office, ol which he is now incumbent, he has given a most progressive 
and business like administration, doing all in his power to advance 
the industrial and social interests of his home city. He and his wife 
are communicants of the Catholic church and he is affiliated with the 
Knights of Columbus, the Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks and 
the "Woodmen of the "World. 

On the 7th of February, 1892, Mr. Machia was united in marriage 
to Miss Agnes Terrian, who was born and reared in St. Ignace and 
who is a daughter of Joseph and Margaret (Gloss) Terrian, the former 
of whom was bom in the province of Ontario, Canada, and the latter 
in St. Ignace, where her parents settled many years ago. The parents 
of Mrs. Machia are now deceased and of their nine children three 
sons and five daughters are now living. Mr. and Mrs. Machia have 
two children, — Maitie and Lydia. 

Dr. John Otto Geoos, a prominent physician and surgeon of Esca- 
naba, is a native of the Northern Peninsula of Michigan, having been 
born in Delta county, April 18, 1869. His father, Peter Groos, a native 
of Luxemburg, Germany, came to the United States in 1843, locating 
first in Peoria, Illinois. Two years later he located in Delta county, 
Michigan, where he was a sawyer in the employ of the Ludington Lum- 
ber Company. He remained with this company until 1885 and then 
engaged in stone qiiarry business, which he continued until 1903, the 
year of his death, he being sixty years of age at the time. He took an 
active part in public affairs, and served twenty-two years as township 
clerk. He was one of the pioneers of the Northern Peninsula, and was 
well known. Peter Groos married Anna Hoffman, also a native of 
Luxemburg, who survives him, being now (1910) sixty-eight years of 
age. They became parents of four sons and four daughters, all living. 
Dr. Groos is the eldest son and second child. 

The boyhood days of Dr. Groos were spent in Escanaba, and here he 
received his primary education. He remained at home until eighteen 
years of age, and then entered Green Bay Business College, from which 
he was graduated. Returning to Delta county, he worked for a time in 
a sawmill, and then accepted a position as book-keeper in the employ of 
Hessel & Henchel, in the meat business. In 1890 he was employed in a 
drug store, where he remained one year, after which he took a course in 
the Northwestern University at Chicago, Illinois ; he passed hia examina- 
tion before the State Board of Michigan in 1892, and again became en- 
gaged in the drug business, in Escanaba. In 1898 he entered the medical 
department of Illinois University, from which he was graduated in 1902. 
He immediately entered into the practice of his profession in Escanaba, 
and has met with a very flattering degree of success. At one time he 
was a member of the hospital staff and he served as health officer from 
1903 until 1906, and is now city physician. Dr. Groos is a self-made 
man, and has gained his present honors and position through his own 
energy and ambition. At the age of ten years he began working in a 
sawmill, where he remained eight years. 

Dr. Groos has been a lifelong resident of Delta county, where he is 
well known, and has always taken an active interest in public affairs. 
He is a Democrat as regards national politics, but in local affairs casts 
his vote for the man he considers best fitted to hold each respective office. 
He is a member of the Michigan State, Delta County and American 
Medical associations, and is a member of the Knighted Order Tented 
Maccabees. He also belongs to the Catholic Order of Foresters, Modem 
"Woodmen of America and Yeomen. He is a director of the Escanaba 
National Bank. 



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884 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

June 9, 1902, Dr. Groos married Julia, daughter of Michael and Mary 
Kellner, of Kellnersville, Manitowoc county, Wisconsin, and they are 
parents of three children, Louis, Harold and Marian. 

Hans P. Schmidt, who is numbered among the business men of 
Menominee, was bom in Alsen, Germany, June 28, 1864, a son of Peter 
N. and Matta M, (Larson) Schmidt, who were also bom in the prov- 
ince of Alsen, the father in 1811 and the mother in 1827. In hia 
younger life Peter N. Schmidt was a sailor but later became a mail 
carrier and received a pension from the German government. He 
was a member of the German Lutheran church, and in its faith he 
passed from this life in 1876, and his wife died in the same year. 

Hans P. Schmidt, was the fifth born of their six children, four of 
whom are now living, and after the completion of his education in 
the German schools he learned the baker's trade. He came to the 
United States in 1883, and locating at Marinette, "Wisconsin, he 
worked at his trade there until coming in 1886 to Menominee, Michi- 
gan, and embarking in business for himself. He has built up a splen- 
did trade in this city, and is well known among the business men. In 
October of 1886 Mr. Schmidt was married to Hannah Olson, who was 
bom at Green Bay, Wisconsin, and of the thirteen children which 
were bom to them the following ten are living: Milda, Christinne, 
Axel, Frederick, Ellen, Hejn, Louis, Herman, Sigfred and Tyra. Mr. 
Schmidt is an independent political voter, and is a member of the 
Danish Lutheran church. 

Cabl Peterson. — The subject of this review is one of the sterling 
Scandinavian citizens who has gained a large measure of success 
through his well directed efforts as a citizen of the Upper Peninsula, 
and he is today one of the leading business men of the village of Re- 
public, Marquette county, where he controls a large and prosperous 
enterprise as a dealer in jewelry, watches, clocks, etc., as well as in 
hardware, drugs, lumber, coal, wood, etc., besides which he conducts 
the leading undertaking business in the town. No citizen is held in 
higher confidence and esteem, and this fact has been shown by hia 
long retention of the office of treasurer of Republic township. 

Carl Peterson was bom in Nyhyttan, Westmanland, Sweden, on 
the 15th of September, 1855, and is a son of Peter Peterson. Both 
the mother and father passed their entire lives in Sweden, where the 
former died in 1858 and the latter in 1859. Of the five children the 
subject of this reviev is the youngest and of the number four are now 
living. The father was a successful farmer, and he and his wife were 
devout members of the Swedish Lutheran church. Mr. Peterson was 
reared to the sturdy discipline of the farm and early began to assist 
in its work, the while he availed himself of the advantages afforded 
in the public schools of the locality and period. At the age of nine- 
teen years he entered upon an apprenticeship to the watchmaker's 
trade and served three years without compensation, in the meanwhile 
becoming an expert workman. At the age of twenty-two years he 
began working at his trade as a journeyman, and he was thus em- 
ployed about two years in his native land. He then set forth to seek 
his fortunes in America, arriving in the port of New York on the 4th 
of July, 1879. Soon afterward he came to the Upper Peninsula and 
located at Ishpeming, where he was employed at his trade until 1883, 
when he removed to Republic and purchased the jewelry department 
conducted by Carl Weirnberg. In 1885 he also purchased the drug 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 885 

business o£ Mr. "Weimberg's estate, and at this time he became a part- 
ner of J- A. Munson, with whom he continued to be associated, under 
the firm name of Munson & Peterson, until the death of his honored 
partner, and then the latter's widow filled his place until 1904, when 
Mr. Peterson bought out her interest, since which time he has individu- 
ally controlled the large and important business built up by this firm. 
In March, 1889, Munson & Peterson purchased the hardware business of 
John H. McCabe, and this enterprise likewise is conducted by Mr. 
Peterson. In 1904 the business of the firm was destroyed by fire, and 
Mr. Peterson in that year erected his present fine double store. He 
is the leading jeweler of the town and in all departments of his busi- 
ness he conducts a substantial and flonrishing enterprise. He is a 
staunch Republican in his uolitical oroclivities and has served for a 
number of terms as township treasurer, being incumbent of this of- 
fice at the present time. 

On the 4th of June, 1891, Mr. Peterson was united in marriage to 
Miss Mary Suneson, who was born in Sweden and who is second in 
order of birth of a family of eight children, four of whom are living. 
She was four years of age at the time when her parents, John and 
Matilda Suneson, came to America. The family located at Duluth, 
Minnesota, where the father found employment as a miner. Later 
he removed to Republic, Michigan, where he continued in the same 
line of enterprise until his death ; his wife also died in this place. Mr. 
and Mrs. Peterson have four children, — Dagmar, Carl A., Earl and 
Lowell. 

Louis Nadeau. — A prominent and successful manufacturer and mer- 
chant of Nadeau, Menominee county, Louis Nadeau is numbered among 
the wide-awake, enterprising business men who have contributed so 
largely towards the development of the industrial interests of this sec- 
tion of the Upper Peninsula, being a member of the firm of Nadeau 
Brothers. A son of Bruno and Mary F. (Jonet) Nadeau, he was bom, 
January 26, 1859, in Kewaunee, Kewaunee county, Wisconsin, being 
one of a family of nine children, five sons and four daughters, all of 
whom are living. 

Bruno Nadeau was bom in 1827 in New Brunswick. Thinking to 
improve his opportunities for advancing his financial condition he left 
his native place when young, and coming westward to Wisconsin, located 
first in Kewaimee, later going to Green Bay and then to Marinette. 
Soon after the breaking out of the Civil war he enlisted in Company I, 
Twenty-third Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, and served faithfully 
throughout his term of enlistment, when he received his honorable die- 
charge from the army. He took an active part in various campaigns, 
serving under General U. S. Grant. He was with his regiment in many 
engagements and marches, including the following named : The Bed 
River expedition; the siege of Vieksburg; was with the Hospital Corps on 
the Mississippi river; participated in the Chattanooga campaign; and 
in many others. After his discharge he returned to Wisconsin, remain- 
ing there until 1873, when he came to Menominee county, Michigan, 
where he took contracts in the building of the Chicago and Northwestern 
Railroad, and also embarked in the lumber business. Taking up a home- 
stead claim in 1874, he erected a house for himself and family in the 
wilderness, and began the clearing of a farm. The settlement in which 
he located was named Nadeau in his honor, as was the postofBce, of which 
he was the first postmaster. He became influential in public affairs, and 
served as the first supervisor of the township, and was justice of the 



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886 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

peace several years. He cleared and improved a good farm, and was 
here engaged in the Imnber business also until his death, October 23, 
1905. In his political affiliations he was a sound Republican. 

As a boy and youth Louis Nadeau attended the public schools of 
Kewaunee, Green Bay and Marinette, Wisconsin, after which he com- 
pleted his studies in Chicago, at Bryant & Stratton's Business College. 
He subsequently worked with his father in the woods until 1880, when, 
in partnership with his brother David, he took a logging contract. Meet- 
ing with success, these brothers in 1882 accepted a contract for making 
charcoal, and at the same time established the mercantile business which 
they have since conducted. In 1886, with characteristic enterprise and 
forethought, Nadeau Brothers built their first saw mill, and have since 
erected three other saw mills. Two of their mills have been. destroyed 
by fire, one of which they rebuilt in the summer of 1908. On January 
26, 1907, this firm, which manufactures and sells Rock maple cant hook 
handles, hardwood charcoal, lumber of all kinds, flooring, siding and 
shingles, cedar posts and poles, railroad ties, etc., and carries a full line 
of general merchandise, assumed possession of its new store building, 
which is forty-eight feet by eighty-four feet, two stories in height, with 
a basement. It is built of stone, brick and iron, and is furnished 
with plate glass windows, being of modern construction and furnished 
with modem equipments. 

Mr. Nadeau married, April 6, 1885, Frances Brooks, who was bom 
in Menominee, Michigan, a daughter of the late Josiah Brooks. Mr. 
Brooks was bom, February 3, 1832, in Washington county, Maine, and 
in 1847 settled in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Three years later he came to 
Menominee, Michigan, and in 1851 moved to Chambers Island, which 
was his home for eleven years. He was a fisherman and a cooper, carry- 
ing on a substantial business for many years. Returning to Menominee 
in 1862, Mr. Brooks subsequently took a prominent part in the manage- 
ment of public matters, and had the distinction of being a member of 
the first board of supervisors of Menominee, and the first registrar 
of deeds of Menominee county. For eight years he was under sheriff 
of the county, and for nine years was deputy collector of customs. He 
married, in 1858, Caroline A. Abbott, eldest daughter of Samuel W. 
Abbott, the first postmaster at Menominee, and to them eight children 
were born, four sons and four daughters, Mrs. Nadeau being the second 
child in succession of birth. 

Four children have blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. Nadeau, namely : 
Howard E., who was graduated from the law department of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan with the class of 1909; David, residing at Sand 
Point, Idaho ; Flora, a junior in the University of Michigan ; and Louis 
B. A firm adherent of the Republican party, Mr. Nadeau has served 
the township as supervisor, clerk and treasurer, and for the past twelve 
years has been a member of the board of county road commissioners. 

WiLBEE E. Campbell, a man of superior ability and enterprise, is 
actively associated with the leading interests of Iron River as busi- 
ness manager of the printing and publishing department of the 
Stambaugh Reporter, one of the best known newspapers of Iron 
county, being associated with Patrick O'Brien, editor and proprietor 
of that journal. A son of Jerome S. Campbell, he was bora April 
18, 1862, in Union City, Branch county, Michigan, coming from hon 
ored Scotch stock. His great-grandfather Campbell, the emigrant 
ancestor, was born in Edinbui^h, Scotland, and married a Miss Hooker, 
who was of English descent. After coming to this country he located 
permanently in Massachusetts. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF IIICIIIGAN 887 

Homer Campbell, grandfather of Wilber E., was born and bred in 
Massachusetts. With the same ambitious desire to improve his con- 
dition as animated his father, he, too, moved westward, going to New 
York state, and settling as a pioneer in Genesee county. Buying a 
tract of wild land he cleared and improved a fine homestead, and 
there spent his remaining days. He married Olive Patterson, who 
was bom at Castle Garden, New York, just after the arrival of her 
parents in that place, when they came to this country from Ireland, 
their native land. She also spent the closing years of her life on the 
home farm. 

Jerome S. Campbell, a native of the Empire state, learned the 
trades of a blacksmith and machinist when young, and soon after 
moved to Jackson, Michigan, finding employment in a shop in which 
threshing machines were manufactured. He subsequently followed 
his trade in various places until 1863, when he enlisted in the engineer 
corps of a Michigan regiment. At the end of his term of enlistment 
he joined the engineer corps of an Ohio regiment, and served until the 
close of the Civil war. He subsequently resumed work at his trade 
in Union City, Michigan, remaining there until 1871, when he went 
to Colorado, where for a year he was employed in the mining camps 
tempering steel drills. Returning then to Michigan, he resided in 
the southern part of that state until 1880, when he settled at Eastport, 
Antrim county, where he followed his trade until his death, at the 
age of seventy-two years. iHe married Sarah A. Jones, who was 
bom, sixty-seven years ago, in New York state, a daughter of Alger- 
non S. and a Miss (Munson) Jones, and they reared two children, 
namely: "Wilber B., and Cora, wife of N. 0. Larrabee. 

Receiving his elementary education in the public schools, Wilber 
E. Campbell, while in Denver, Colorado, attended a private military 
school for a time. At the age of thirteen years he left school, and for 
six years was variously employed, after which he again continued 
his studies in the higher branches of learning for six months. Prom 
that time until twenty-three years of age, Mr. Campbell worked in 
lumber camps and on railroads, and then became associated with his 
father. During all of these years he continued his studies, acquiring 
a substantial education, fitting him for a professional career. In 1886 
Mr. Campbell taught school in Antrim county, and the following six 
years was engaged in teaching during the winter terms of school in 
either Antrim or Charlevoix counties, working in the shop the re- 
mainder of the year. Locating then in Traverse City, Michigan, he 
engaged in business as a general merchant, and also manufactured 
candy, which he sold to the trade. Selling out at the end of two years 
he was for a few months engaged in selling pianos and organs. 

In 1895 Mr. Campbell made his first venture in journalism, estab- 
lishing a newspaper at Ellsworth, Michigan. Six months later he 
formed a partnership with the owner of the Elk Rapids Progress, 
and for a while conducted both papers. Selling out his interest in 
both, he did editorial work on different newspapers until 1897, when 
he purchased the Empire Leader, which he published at Empire 
for five years. Moving then to Northport, in the same county, Mr. 
Campbell remained there eight years, continuing the management 
of the paper, which he leased from 1908 until 1909, when he sold it. 
In 1908 Mr. Campbell assumed the editorship and management of 
the Manistique Courier-Record, with which he was associated a 
year. Coming to Iron River in September, 1909, he has since been 
business manager of the printing and publishing business of the ]ron 



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888 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

River Stambaugh Reporter, being associated with Patrick O'Brien, of 
whom a brief sketch may be found elsewhere in this work, 

Mr. Campbell married, in 1889, Frances E. Sweet, who was born 
in Castalia, Ohio, a daughter of Byron and Mary B (Grove) Sweet, 
and they have one child, Frances Lenore Campbell. Fraternally Mr. 
Campbell is a member and a past master of Northport Lodge, No. 
265, P. & A. M. ; a member of Northport Lodge, No. 16, I. 0. 0. P. ; of 
Northport Tent, No. 489, K 0. T. M. ; and of Evergreen Lodge, No. 
93, K. of P., of Manistique. 

Emiel a. Cboll. — An eiRcient, intelligent and trustworthy business 
man, Emiel A. CroU is actively identified with one of the leading en- 
terprises of the progressive city of Iron Mountain, having been siiper- 
intendent for the past eighteen years of the city water works. Com- 
ing from thrifty German ancestors, he was born September 6, 1862, 
at West Bend, Washington county, Wisconsin. 

Adolph Croll, his father, was the son of a seedsman, and was born 
and brought up in Hamburg, Germany. Left an orphan when young, 
he attended school in Hamburg and in Vienna, obtaining a good edu- 
cation. At the age of fourteen years he began learning the trade of a 
watchmaker at Stralitz, serving an apprenticeship of seven years. In 
the meantime, however, he was a sharpshooter, during the Revolution 
of 1847, in the German army, and after coming to this country he re- 
ceived notification that he had been awarded the iron cross for gal- 
lant and meritorious services while in the army. Landing in New 
York city when a young man, he went to Dubuque, Iowa, where he 
and a companion took a job at wood chopping, an occupation entirely 
new to both. With undaimted courage, these young men selected a 
large, straight tree on which to begin operations, thinking it would 
be an easy one on which to start work. Having spent the whole of 
the first day in felling it, they commenced splitting it. They drove in 
wedge after wedge, but it did not yield, the large elm, which had 
grown in the open, proving a tough problem. They chopped several 
weeks, but did not again tackle an elm. 

The ensuing spring Adolph Croll went to Chicago, then a small 
place, giving but scant promise of its present greatness, and was 
there engaged in the jewelry business a short time. In 1852 he pro- 
ceeded north to West Bend, Wisconsin, passing through Milwaukee, 
which had been incorporated as a city but a few years before, a large 
part of the state being then a wilderness. A few years later he lo- 
cated as a jeweler in Cedar burg, Wisconsin, from there going to 
Fond du Lac, where he was engaged in business until 1865. Coming 
then via the Lakes to the Upper Peninsula, he located at Marquette, 
where he entered the employ of John WoUner. In 1868 he started for 
the Pacific coast, going by rail to Cheyenne, where he purchased a 
team, and taking with him the stock of watches and jewelry with 
which he had provided himself before commencing his journey, he 
made an overland trip from there to California, trading along the 
way with the Indians and with the whites whenever he found any. 
Making but a brief stop in California, he returned as far east as Cen- 
tral City, Colorado, where he carried on business two years. Coming 
back then to Michigan, he joined his family at Marquette, and was 
afterwards in business at Negaunee several years. Going thence to 
Miehigamme, he worked at his trade for a time, afterwards running 
a hotel. Moving then to Ishpeming, he was there engaged in the 
jewelry business until failing eyesight compelled him to retire from 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 889 

active pursuits, a few years before his death, which occurred in that 
city January 8, 1903, at the age of seventy-seven years. The maiden 
name of the wife of Adolph Croll was Magdalene Selzle. She was 
bom at Stuttgardt, Germany, and was there brought up and educated. 
She crossed the ocean in a sailing vessel, being seventeen weeks ba(^ 
tliog with the waves, and she was accompanied by her sister, who 
married a Mr. Bonnell, of New York city. After her marriage to 
Mr. CroU she accompanied him to the various places in which he re- 
sided, and died June 15, 1910, at Michigamme. She reared five chil- 
dren, as follows : Emiel A., the subject of this sketch, Louise, Pred- 
eriek, Emma and Max. 

Acquiring a practical education in the public schools of Marquette 
and Negaunee, Emiei A. CroU began working in the mines at the age 
of fifteen years. Removing in 1880 to Vulcan, he was employed in the 
East Vulcan Mine for two years, his mining career being then con- 
cluded. He had worked in various capacities in the mines, the last 
five years of the time having been in the engineering department. In 
1882 Mr, CroU entered the employ of the Northwestern Railroad Com- 
pany as baggage master at Vulcan, and in 1885 was made station 
agent at Waueedah, retaining the position six years. In September, 
1891, he located at Iron Mountain, and the following spring was 
appointed city clerk. The same year Mr. Croll was made superin- 
tendent of the Iron Mountain Water Works, and has since fiUed the 
position with great credit to himself, and to the satisfaction of both 
the proprietors and the patrons, 

Mr. Croll married in 1884 Elizabeth Ann Dolf, who was born at 
Grand Island, Michigan, where her father, Warner Dolf, settled on 
emigrating from Germany to this country. Three children have 
blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. Croll, namely: Clara, Elmer and 
Edna. Clara, wife of Earl La Nore, has one child, Clarence. Edna, 
wife of Walter Arens, has one daughter. Fraternally Mr. CroU is a 
member of Iron Mountain Lodge No. 388, F. & A. M. ; a member and 
past high priest of Iron Mountain Chapter No. 121, R. A. M. ; and a 
member of Crescent Lodge No. 700, B. P. 0. E. 

D. Mebeitt Wilcox, D. D. S.— Dr. Wilcox has the distinction of 
being the dean of his profession in the city of Menominee, where he 
has been engaged in practice continually since 1892, — a longer period 
of such service than can be claimed by ony other representative of the 
dental profession in this city. He is a liberal and public-spirited citizen, 
is now serving as secretary of the Menominee board of education, 
and his personal popularity is assured by reason of his sterling in- 
tegrity of purpose and his genial and generous traits of character. 

Dr. Wilcox is a native of Waupun, Fond du Lac county, Wiscon- 
sin, where he was bom on the 14th of July, 1867, and he is a son of 
George W. and Rebecca (Beardsley) Wilcox, the former of whom 
was born in Pennsylvania, in 1826, and the latter of whom was bom 
in the state of New York in 1828. They became the parents of seven 
sons and one daughter, and of the number three are now living, — 
Frank W., who is engaged in the insurance business in Menominee; 
William E., who is a resident of Oconto, Wisconsin; and D. Merritt, 
who is the immediate subject of this review. The father, who was a 
carpenter by trade, was a pioneer of Wisconsin, where he took up his 
residence in the early '50s. He first located at Mauston, Juneau 
county, whence he later removed to Waupun. where he engaged in 
the fire insurance business, as did he later in the city of Oconto, 



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890 TUB NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

where he maintained his home until his death, which occurred in 1886, 
His wife was summoned to the life eternal in 1901. He was a mem- 
ber of the Waupun Lodge of Free & Accepted Masons, was a stanch 
Republican in his political adherency, and both he and his wife held 
membership in the Presbyterian church. 

Dr. Wilcox gained his early education in the public schools of 
Waupun, Wisconsin, and thereafter continued his studies in the high 
school of Oconto, that state. In preparation for the work of hia 
chosen profession he entered the dental department of the North- 
western University, at Evanston, Illinois, in which he was graduated 
as a member of the class of 1892, and from which he received his de- 
gree of Doctor of Dental Surgery. Soon after his graduation the 
Doctor located in Menominee, where he has since been engaged in 
the successful practice of his profession, in which he has retained 
from the start a representative clientage. He is a member of the 
Michigan State Dental Society and is recognized for superior skill 
in both laboratory and operative departments of his profession. He 
is affiliated with Menominee Lodge No. 269, Free & Accepted Masons, 
of which he had the distinction of being the master, a position of 
which he was incumbent for one term. He is also a valued member 
of Menominee Chapter No. 107, Royal Arch Masons; and Menominee 
Commandery No. 35, Knights Templar. He served seven years as or- 
ganist of the First Presbyterian church, of which both he and his wife 
are members, and of whose choir the latter was leader for five years, 
being a talented artist in both instrumental and vocal music. Mrs. 
Wlicox is also identified with the Woman's Club and the Mothers' 
Club, two of the representative organizations of her home city, and 
she is a prominent and popular figure in connection with the social 
activities of the community. 

In politics Dr. Wilcox gives his allegiance to the Republican party, 
and he has ever shown a deep interest in local affairs of a public 
order. He was elected a member of the board of school trustees in 
1901 and has been secretary of the board of education since 1902. 

On the 21st of August, 1901, Dr. Wilcox was united in marriage 
to Miss Edna H. Kimball, who was born in the vicinity of Portland, 
Ionia county, Michigan, and who is a daughter of Richard and Myra 
L. (HoUiday) Kimball. The father was a farmer by vocation and 
continued his residence in Michigan until the time of his death. Dt. 
and Mrs. Wilcox have one daughter, Marian Julia, who was bom 
on the 21st of January, 1906. 

Hon. Adelbeet D. Edwaeds. — One of the more progressive and ener- 
getic citizens of Atlantic is Hon. Adelbert D. Edwards, who is 
actively associated with the mining industries of the Upper Peninsula 
as clerk for the Atlantic mine, and stands prominent in fraternal and 
political circles, at the present time representing his district in the 
State Legislature. He was born, in the town of Lincklaen, Chenango 
eoimty, New York, of early English ancestry. The emigrant ancestor 
who founded that branch of the Edwards family from which he is 
descended came, so says tradition, from England to America, locat- 
ing at Jamestown, Virginia, in early colonial days, his descendants 
removing from there to Southwestern New York, thence to Chenango 
county. 

George Edwards, his father, was born in Pitcher, Chenango 
county, and was there reared to agricultural pursuits. Following in 
the footsteps of his ancestors, he spent his entire seventy-six years of 



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THE NOETHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 891 

earthly life in Chenango county, during his active career being en- 
gaged in tilling the soil, He married Favilla Eldredge, who was born 
in Pitcher, New York. Her emigrant ancestor came from England to 
this country, settling in New England, while his descendants of a later 
generation located in Chenango county, where her father, David Eld- 
redge, was a life-long farmer. She died at the age of forty-two years, 
leaving three children, Harriet, George S., and Adelbert D. 

After leaving the public schools o£ Lineklaen, Adelbert D. Ed- 
wards taught school several terms, in the meantime continuing his 
studies at the Cortland Normal School. Subsequently coming to 
Michigan, he entered the Ypsilanti Normal School, from which he 
was graduated with the class of 1882. Continuing his professional 
labors, he subsequently taught school four years, being employed as 
a teacher at AUouez, Phoenix, and Ripley. In 1889 Mr. Edwards ac- 
cepted the position of elerk at the Atlantic mine, and has held it ever 
since, his business ability and sound judgment especially qualifying 
him for this place. 

Mr. Edwards is prominent in the Masonic fraternity, taking great 
interest in promoting the good of the order, and is a member of 
South Otselic Lodge, Nb. 659, F. & A. M.; of Gate of the Temple 
Chapter, No. 35, R. A. M.; of Palestine Commandery, No. 48, K. T.; 
of David Kendall Council, R. & S. M. ; of Valley Consistory, of Grand 
Rapids; and of Saladin Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. lu his political 
affiliations he was a Democrat until 1896, when, disagreeing with the 
financial policy of that party, and being in favor of an honest dollar 
and a sound currency, he became a Gold Democrat, later joining the 
Republican party. He has served as a member of the Houghton, 
County Board of Supervisors for fourteen years, the last seven years 
serving as chairman of the board, representing Adams township, and 
is now serving as a member of the state legislature, to which he was 
elected in 1907, and rc-eleeted in 1908. 

Horace M. OREN'.—One of the leading representatives of the legal 
profession in the Upper Peninsula is Horace Mann Oren, former attor- 
ney general of Michigan, and save for the period of his service as a 
state official has been actively engaged in the practice of law in 
the city of Sault S'te. Marie since 1883. No slight distinction has been 
that gained by him in his exacting vocation, to which he has brought 
the resourcefulness of an admirably disciplined mind, great practical 
ability and remarkable powers for consecutive application. He is 
known as a man of fine scholarship and distinctive professional ability, 
and his success has not been an accident but a logical result. He has 
shown that he knows the value of work and he has had the ambition 
that begets action of definite order. He has been called to various 
positions of public trust and his standing in his profession needs no 
further voucher than that afforded in his election to the office of at- 
torney general of the state, — a position of which he continued in- 
cumbent from 1899 to 1903, under the administrations of Governors 
Pingree and Bliss. 

Horace Mann Oren was named in honor of that distinguished edu- 
cator, Horace Mann, the first president of Antioch College, at Yellow 
Springs, Ohio, Mr. Oren was born near Oakland, Clinton county, 
Ohio, on the 3d of February, 1859, and is a son of Captain Charles 
and Sarah A. (Allen) Oren, both of whom were bom in the same 
county, the former in 1831, and the latter in 1836. Captain Charles 
Oren was educated in Antioch College and prior to the Civil war he 



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892 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

was a suc:cessful teacher in the public schools of his native state. In 
1863 he recruited a company of colored volunteers for the Union serv- 
ice and when the same was mustered into the United States army, as 
a part of the Fifth United States Colored Infantry, he was made cap- 
tain of the company. He was killed in the siege of Vicksburg, in 
July, 1864, a martyr to a righteous cause. He was a grandson of 
John Oren, who removed from Pennsylvania to the eastern part of 
Tennessee in the latter part of the eighteenth century, and the latter 
was a son of Joseph Oren, who emigrated from England in 1745, and 
who resided in York county, Pennsylvania. It has been recorded that 
at the time of the War of the Revolution the home of Joseph Oren 
was burned by Tories and that he and his family, including ten children, 
were compelled to pass the severe winter in the rudely constructed 
barn on the home farm. Elihu Oren, father of Captain Charles Oren, 
was bom in Tennessee in 1809, and in the following year his parents 
removed to Ohio and settled in Chnton county, with whose pioneer 
history the name was prominently identified. 

After the death of Captain Oren his widow found it incumbent 
upon her to provide for the maintenance of herself and her two chil- 
dren, the elder of whom is the subject of this' review and the younger 
is Cata, now the wife of William Chandler, of Sanlt Ste. Marie. The 
devoted mother, a woman of distinctive culture and refinement, was 
afforded the advantages of Antioeh College, and she was a most suc- 
cessful and popular teacher for a nnmber of years. She is a daughter 
of Abraham Allen and the maiden name of her mother was Cata 
Howland, a member of the prominent Quaker family of that name in 
New York. In 1869 Mrs. Oren became a teacher in the high school 
in Indianapolis, Indiana, and in 1873 she was elected state librarian 
of Indiana, having been the first woman chosen for this ofiice. Later 
she became a member of the faculty of Purdue College (now Purdue 
University), at Lafayette, that state. She finally contracted a second 
marriage, becoming the wife of Wesley Haynes. She died at Sault 
Ste. Marie, Michigan on the 21st of April, 1907, secure in the affec- 
tionate regard of all who had come within the sphere of her gracious 
influence. 

Horace Mann Oren completed the curriculum of the public schools 
of Indianapolis, where he was graduated in the high school as a mem- 
ber of the class of 1877. He became his mother's assistant in the work 
of the state library of Indiana, and this association, as well as 
that of the city library of Indianapolis, in which he held a position for 
some time, gave him further educational discipline of the most bene- 
ficent order. He had also the advice and counsel of his devoted 
mother, who encouraged him in his educational work, in which she, 
as a woman of marked intellectuality, greatly aided him. Finally he 
was enabled to enter the University of Michigan, in which celebrated 
institution he was graduated, in the classical course, as a member of 
the class of 1881, in which year he' duly received his well earned 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. In 1883 he was graduated in the law de- 
partment of the same iiniversity, from which he received the supple- 
mental degree of Bachelor of Laws. He had passed the preceding 
summer in Sault Ste. Marie, where he held the position of editor of 
the Sault Ste. Marie News, and he continued to give more or less at- 
tention to newspaper work after he had initiated the practice of law. 

In June, 1883, soon after his admission to the bar of the state, 
Mr. Oren established his permanent residence in Sanlt Ste. Marie, 
whore he was engaged in individual practice until 1892, when he 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 893 

entered into partnership with Hon. John "W. McMahon and William M. 
Snell. In 1894 Mr. Sneli retired from the firm and before the close of 
the year Mr. McMahon died. In 1895 Mr. Oren formed a partnership 
with "William Webster, and this professional alliance continued until 
his election to the office of attorney general of the state. Since his 
retirement from this office he has conducted his professional business 
in an individual way. Concerning him the following pertinent and 
well merited statements have been made: "Mr. Oren's scholastic and 
professional acquirements preparatory to engaging in the practice of 
law were far above those of the average young lawyer. During his 
whole life he has been a student. The opportunity of reading which 
he enjoyed in early life by connection with public libraries, were ex- 
ceptionally well improved. His taste for literature, perhaps engen- 
dered in the libraries, has been cultivated through all the years that 
have followed. The historical and scientific information there ac- 
quired has proved invaluable for professional uses. He began the 
practice of law as a scholarly, thoughtful young man, with aspira- 
tions of the sort that always lift one higher. His training had been 
excellent, — by a mother of fine mind, thorough education and beauti- 
ful character ; he had confidence in mankind and in his own ability to 
succeed. He had learned the lesson of manly self-dependence and was 
ready to join the company of older lawyers. He ashed no special 
favors, but desired only an even chance. His views of professional 
life were not rose-tinted. He knew it meant work, — constant appli- 
cation, unremitting toil, — and that even the favored of fortune have 
found no other way to reach honorable distinction and eminence that is 
permanent. With a realization of the essential conditions, he settled 
among strangers and went to work. He has gained the popular confi- 
dence and won professional esteem. He has established himself and 
secured his position on merit. He is modest in his pretentions and 
bold in the assertion of his rights. His character is well and firmly 
compacted of the elements and principles that fortify a man against 
assaults and qualify him for professional distinction, as well as for 
the encountering of (he actualities of social and business life." 

Well fortified in his opinions and convictions concerning matters 
of public polity, Mr. Oren has ever been a stanch advocate of the 
principles of the Republican party and has given effective service 
in behalf of its cause. In 1885 he was elected city attorney of Sault 
Ste. Marie and he retained this office four years. He served one term 
as circuit court commissioner and in 1894 he was elected prosecuting 
attorney of Chippewa county, an office in which he gave most able 
and discriminating service, with the result that he was chosen as his 
own successor in the election of November, 1896, by a majority of 
eleven hundred votes. He heightened his reputation as a versatile 
and resourceful trial lawyer by his able administration as prosecuting 
attorney, and there were none to doubt his eligibility when he was 
made the candidate of his party for the distinguished office of attor- 
ney general of the state, to which position he was elected in Novem- 
ber, 1898. The best evidence of popular appreciation of his efforts 
was that given in his election as his own successor in 1900. As be- 
fore stated, he served during the administrations of Governors Pin- 
gree and Bliss, and upon his retirement from office, in 1903. he re- 
sumed the work of his profession in Sault Ste. Marie. He has been 
identified with much important litigation in both the state and federal 
courts in Michigan and has won many splendid forensic victories. He 
has shown a deep and abiding interest in all that touches the welfare of 



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89i THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

his home city and as president of its board of education he did much 
to raise its public schools to their present high standard. He is affiliated 
with the Knight? of Pythias. 

On the 1st. of January, 1890, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Oren to Miss Margaret J. Wallace, who was born at Grindstone City, 
Huron county, Michigan, and who is a daughter of Robert and Marga- 
ret (Degan) Wallace, the former of whom was bom in the county of 
Armagh, Ireland, of Scotch lineage, and the latter of whom was born 
in Canada. The father, who survives, now resides at Port Austin, 
Huron county, Michigan, where he is a successful manufacturer of 
grindstones. Mr. and Mrs. Oren have two children,— Robert Allen, 
who was born on the 6th of December, 1890, is a member of the class 
of 1913 in the University of Michigan ; and Chase Osborn, who was 
born on the 26th of December, 1895, is a student in the public schools 
of S'ault Ste Marie. In this city Mr. and Mrs., Oren have an attrac- 
tive home and the same is a center of much of the best social activity 
of the community, being recognized as a place of gracious hospitality. 

Mathias Bottkol,— Prominent among the business men of Menomi- 
nee is numbered Mathias Bottkol, who came from Kewaunee, Wiscon- 
sin, to this city in 1895. He had for a number of years in Kewaunee 
been engaged in milling, but after coming to Menominee he embarked 
in the flour and feed business, later adding thereto a grocery depart- 
ment. He has been successful as a business man in Menominee, and 
is accounted one of its representative citizens. Since his election in 
1899 he has represented the Second ward on the board of supervisors 
continuously with the exception of two terms, and he is the present 
incumbent of the office. His political affiliations are with the Demo- 
cratic party. 

Mr. Bottkol was bom in Prussia, Germany, April 13, 1848, a son 
of Michael and Mary Bottkol, who were bom in the same place aa 
their son. They were married in Germany, and of the five children, 
three sons and two daughters, which were bom of their union only 
the following three are now living : Michael, Mary and Mathias. The 
family came from the Fatherland to the United States in 1856, spend- 
ing thirty days on the ocean in a sailing vessel, and landed in the har- 
bor of New Tork city. From there they made their way to Milwau- 
kee, Wisconsin, but a short time later located on a timbered farm in 
Kewaunee county, that state. Mr. Bottkol purchased that tract of 
two hundred acres at a dollar an acre, and building the little log 
house into which he moved with his family he at once began the dif- 
ficult task of clearing the land and preparing it for cultivation. He 
was one of the pioneers of Kewaunee county and one of its honored 
rfsidents, and he spent the residue of his life on the homestead he had 
hewed from a wilderness. This old place is yet in the possession of 
the family. He, too, supported the principles of the Democratic party, 

Mathias Bottkol was a lad of eight years when he came with his 
parents to the United States in 1856, and his boyhood days were 
spent in helping his father clear the timber from his land, attending 
school during the winter months. With his brothers, George and 
Mitchell, he later bought timber land, which they cleared and farmed 
in partnership until in 1870 Mr. Bottkol married and began farming 
alone. But after one more year he left the farm and building a grist 
and flour mill at Kewaunee he followed the milling business there 
until coming to Menominee in 1895. 

Mrs. Bottkol was before marriage Clara Armilla, a native daugh- 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 



ter of Bohemia, Austria, and the five children which have ! 
their marriage union are Mathias, Pranli, Joseph and Mary (twins) 
and John, but the son Frank died at the age of eighteen years. 

Aktiiur Wellington Quirt. — Prominent among the substantial busi- 
ness men and leading citizens of Iron River is Arthur Wellington Quirt, 
a man of strong personality, self-reliant and resourceful, now, as mayor 
of the city, standing at the head of the municipal government. A son of 
William H. Quirt, he was born, May 26, 1860, in the town of Arthur, 
Wellington county. Province of Ontario, Canada, coming from thrifty 
Seotch-Irish stock. 

John Quirt, his paternal grandfather, was bom in county Antrim, 
Ireland, in 1800, of Scotch ancestors. His sister Sally, who married 
James Church, came to America, settling at Guelph, Canada, and a 
brother who emigrated to Canada located at Winchester, Province of 
Quebec. On coming to this country John Quirt bought land in Ogdens- 
burg. New York, and after farming there a few years removed to Canada, 
and there spent his last days with his children, dying in 1863. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Church, who was bom in county Down, Ireland, the 
birthplace of her father, George Church, who was born in 1772. Com- 
ing with his family to America, George Church settled first near Ogdens- 
burg. New York, where he was engaged in agricultural pursuits until 
1856, when he went to Wellington county, Canada, to reside with a son, 
and there died at the remarkable age of one hundred and one years. 
His wife died at about the same age, and their daughter Elizabeth, who 
married John Quirt, lived to the age of eighty-seven years. 

William H. Quirt was bom, in 1832, in Ogdensburg, New York, where 
as a lad he began working in a saw mill. Locating in Wellington county, 
Canada, in 1856, he purchased one hundred acres of heavily timbered 
land in Arthur township, and while he was clearing a space and erecting 
a log house on his property his family resided in the village of Arthur. 
When well settled as a farmer, he built a saw mill, and for a few years 
was engaged in the manufacture of lumber, afterwards devoting his 
entire attention to the tilling of the soil, living there until his death, 
July 29, 1866, when but thirty-four years old. He married Bridget 
Doherty, who was bom near Ogdensburg, New York, where her father, 
Patrick Doherty, settled on coming to the United States from county 
Tipperary, Ireland. She died April 13, 1869, aged but thirty-four years, 
leaving six children, namely : John, Alexander, Elizabeth, Arthur Wel- 
lington, Thomas J. and William H. 

Left an orphan when in the ninth year of his age, Arthur W. Quirt 
lived for a year with his paternal grandparents, and afterwards made 
his home for a number of years with his uncle, Thomas Quirt, in the 
mean time attending school and assisting on the farm. Coming to the 
"States" when nineteen years of age, he first found eniployment a^ a 
farm laborer near Oconto, Wisconsin. A few months later he went to 
Bark River, Michigan, where, during the winter of 1879 and 1880, he 
chopped wood and railroad ties for a living. In the spring of 1880 Mr. 
Quirt was employed to explore in the Pelch Mountain range, continuing 
in the work a few months. In August, 1880, as employes of Donald C. 
and Alexander MacKinnon, Mr. Quirt, with Malcolm McLish and 
John McAuley, came to Iron River, walking from Quinnesec, then the 
nearest railway station, fifty miles away. 

After exploring in this vicinity for a year, Mr. Quirt, in August, 
1881, went to Florence, bought a team, and was there employed in dray- 
ing imtil February, 1882. He then came back to Iron River, on the site 



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996 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

of which there was at that time but one building, that being made of logs, 
with a roof thatched with brush. In company with his brother Mr. 
Quirt bought a lot, cut off trees to make space for a building, and then 
built a hewed log house, riving shingles to cover the roof, this being in 
reality the very first house completed in the city, and that same year 
the railroad was extended to this place, the growth of the city, however, 
being very slow at first. During the winter of 1881 and 1882, Mr. Quirt 
worked in the woods, and in the spring of 1883 walked to Ontonagon, 
where he took passage on the "Manistee" for Duluth, which then had a 
population of three thousand souls, and assisted in the construction of 
the railroad between Two Harbors and Tower. In the spring of 1884 he 
entered the employ of the government and assisted in surveying the 
Hunter's Island and Lake of the Woods territory, previously unexplored. 
In the fall of that year, Mr. Quirt invested all of his savings in the 
Mesaba Range mining properties, and lost every cent. He then spent 
the following winter in the woods, and for two months in the spring 
worked on a farm, saving in the meantime one hundred dollars of his 
wages. 

Mr. Quirt then bought forty acres of land that is now included within 
the limits of the city of Duluth, paying one hundred dollars in cash, and 
going in debt seven hundred dollars. Going then to North Dakota, he 
worked as a farm hand four months, and on his return to Minnesota 
paid another hundred dollars on his land, and then put up a house. 
Subsequently, with his brother, Mr. Quirt cut four hundred cords of 
wood on his land. In the spring of 1886 he became brakeman on the 
Duluth and Iron Range Railroad, continuing in that capacity until the 
fall of that year. He then disposed of his land for $1,600, and sold his 
four hundred cords of cut wood for $1,400, Coming back then to Iron 
River, he set type in the local printing office for four months, and then 
returned to Duluth, where he superintended the six men employed to 
look up lands and mines for entry, continuing there until fall, when he 
purchased a team and spent the following winter logging. In the spring 
of 1888, Mr. Quirt took up the study of book-keeping in the W. F. Par- 
sons Business College, from which he was graduated in July, 1888. 

Returning then to Iron River, Mr. Quirt ran a saw mill until the 
spring of 1889, when he went to the new state of Washington, locating 
at Blaine, where he conducted a hotel for three months. Selling out at 
the end of that time, he was for three months engaged in the real estate 
business at Duluth, after which he embarked in the losing business at 
Iron River. In 1890 he began buying standing timber, which he cut and 
sold to different lumber companies, continuing thus profitably employed 
until 1903, when, with his brother Alexander and others he erected a 
saw mill and engaged in the manufacture and sale of lumber and shingles. 
In 1906 Mr. Quirt became sole owner of the plant, which was burned in 
1907 and rebuilt by him in 1908. 

Mr. Quirt married, in 1891, Theresa V. McDowell, who was bom in 
Oconto, Wisconsin, a daughter of William and Mary (McDowell) Mc- 
Dowell. Six children have blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. Quirt, 
namely: Leila, Wilfred, Marion, Ethel, Walter and Mildred. Fra- 
ternally Mr. Quirt is a charter member of Iron River Lodge, No. 442, 
I. 0. 0. F. ; a charter member of Iron River Tent, K. 0. T. M. ; of Iron 
River Camp, M. W. A. ; of Iron River Lodge, K. of P. ; and of Iron 
River Aerie, F, O. E. A man of pronounced convictions, Mr. Quirt is 
independent in his political views. He has served ably in various public 
positions, having been a member of tbe Township Board for two years 
and a member of tlie Iron River Board of Education for sixteen years. 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MTCTIIGAN 897 

serving three years as its president. Since 1908 he has filled the mayor's 
chair. 

Fbedeeick H. Johnson, the efficient and popular treasurer of Macki- 
nae county, has been a resident of the Upper Peninsula for nearly 
twenty years and is one of the valued and essentially representative 
citizens of the thriving little eity of St. Ignace. Mr. Johnson was 
bom in Proton township, Grey county, province of Ontario, Canada, 
on the 20th of July, 1869, and is a son of George and Annie (Fraser) 
Johnson, the former of whom was born in England, in 1846, and the 
latter at Collingwood, Ontario, in which province she continued to re- 
side until her death, in 1884, at the age of thirty-three years. Of 
this union were born three sons and three daughtera, of whom five are 
now living, — namely; Frederick H., Sarah, Ephraim F., Agnes and 
Alfred. Georp;e Johnson was a boy at the time of his parents' immi- 
gration from England to Canada and the voyage was made on a sail- 
ing vessel, which, after a long and weary passage, reached the port of 
Quebec. His father, Carby Johnson, first located at Port Hope, Onta- 
rio, and later became one of the pioneer settlers of Grey county, that 
province, where he reclaimed a farm from the wilderness and where 
he continued to reside until his death. He was long numbered among 
the honored and influential citizens of Grey county, serving for two 
years as postmaster and holding other offices of local trust. His son 
George, father of the subject of this review, was reared to maturity 
in Grey county, where he contributed his quota to the reclamation 
and development of the home farm and where his marriage was sol- 
emnized. As a young man he learned the carpenter's trade, to which 
he devoted his attention until 1880, since which time he has been ac- 
tively identified with agricultural pursuits in the country that had so 
long represented his home. Like his father he has ever held a secure 
place in popular confidence and esteem and has been ealled upon to 
serve in offices of public trust, including that of member of the coun- 
cil of Proton township, positions of which he was incumbent for a 
number of years. He has been an earnest member of the Presbyte- 
rian church from his boyhood days and his devoted wife was like- 
wise a member of this church. Frederick H, Johnson was reared to 
maturity in his native county, where he received the advantages of 
the public schools, after which he continued his studies in the colle- 
giate institute at Owen Sound, thus gaining an excellent academic 
education. At the age of twenty-three years he put his scholastic ac- 
quirements to practical use by engaging as a teacher in the schools 
of his native county, where he devoted his attention to the pedagog- 
ical profession for three years. In the autumn of 1889 Mr. Johnson 
came to the Upper Peninsula and located at Sault Ste. Marie, where 
he secured a position as sawyer in a saw mill. He had practical, charge 
of the mill for five years, at the expiration of which, in 1894, he en- 
gaged in the grocery business at Pickford, in the county of 
Chippewa. This enterprise he continued until 1898, after which he 
was employed for two years at bookkeeping in the same village, Pick- 
ford, which is right on the county line, and in the autumn of 1908, 
when he was elected county treasurer for a term of two years. This 
necessitated his removal to the eity of St. Ignaee, the judicial center 
of the county, and here he is a most able administrator of the fiscal 
affairs of the county. His term will expire January 1. 1911. Mr. 
Johnson is a man of engaging personality and his genial ways and 
sterling integrity of purpose have gained to him a wide circle of 



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898 THE NOETHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 

friends in his home county. He has given yeoman service in support 
of t,he cause of the Republican party and is one of its leaders in Mack- 
inac county. He is identified with St. Ignaee Lodge, No. 3C9, Free 
& Accepted Masons ; and Piekford Lodge, No, 189, Loyal Orange 
Lodge, of which he served as master for four years. He is also affil- 
iated with the Independent Order of Foresters, the Knights of the 
Maccabees and various other social organizations. Both he and his 
wife hold membership in the Presbyterian church. 

On the 19th of September, 1900, Mr. Johnson was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Jennie Stirling, who was born in Goderich township, 
Huron county, province of Ontario, and who is the daughter of Wil- 
liam and Jane Stirling, the former of whom was born in Scotland 
and the latter in the province of Ontario. Of the large family of chil- 
dren Jennie was the fourth in order of birth. William Stirling was 
born in Scotland, whence he came with his parents to America when 
he was a young man. The family located in Huron county, Ontario, 
and became prominently identified with the pioneer development of 
that section of the province. "William Stirling devoted his entire 
active career to agricultural pursuits and was one of the well known 
and honored citizens of Huron county, Ontario, at the time of his 
death, which occurred in May, 1910, at which time he was an octo- 
genarian. His widow still resides in Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. Johnson 
have five children, — Jean D., Winifred J., Vernon S., George E. and 
Luella M. 

John A. Danielson,— A man well and favorably known in the cop- 
per region and the surrounding country is John A. Danielson, who 
has charge of the surface work for the Calumet & Hecla Mining Com- 
pany, Mr. Danielson, who has been a resident of the Upper Penin- 
sula for many years, was born near Toronto, Canada, June 12, 1832. 
His parents were Frederick and Sophia (Eckheart) Danielson, the 
former a native of Massachusetts and the latter a Canadian. In 1838, 
when Mr. Danielson was about six years old, the family crossed the 
line to the United States and finally settled in Michigan, near Fen- 
ton. When well along in years the father removed to Detroit where 
he remained until his death, 

John A. Danielson passed his boyhood and school days at Fenton, 
Michigan, the latter of which were ended in his sixteenth year. He 
employed himself with various occupations until his twentieth year, 
when he came to Lake Superior and located in Ontonagon county, 
where he was employed by A. C. Davis in the Norwish Copper Mine. 
From there he went to Superior City, where he remained a short 
time, and then went to Detroit, his residence in that city covering a 
period of two years. He came to Houghton, and after a time there 
returned to Detroit, In 1868 he came to Calumet, entering the em- 
ploy of the Calumet & Hecla Mining Company, and has continued 
his services faithfully and efficiently with this company until the 
present time, a period of forty-two years. He fills the important po- 
sition of surface overseer. He is a prominent Mason and belongs to 
Calumet Lodge F, & A. M.; to Calumet Chapter, R. A. M.; and to 
Montrose Commandery, K. T. He gives an intelligent consideration 
to matters of public moment and politically is a stalwart Republican. 

Mr, Danielson was married in 1857, during his first residence in 
Detroit, to Miss Mary A, Graham, a resident of that city. Her par- 
ents were Robert and Anne (Stuart) Graham. To Mr. and Mrs. Dan- 
ielson have been born seven daughters and two sons, as follows: Annie 
J., Prances, Ilattie, Nettie, Delia, Daisy, Addie, Ulysses G. and W^alter, 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 899 

Coleman Nee, of Escanaba, a successful dealer in coal, lime, cement, 
brick and other building materials, was born in Fort Atkinson, Wis- 
consin, November 13, 1864, His father, David Nee, was a native of 
Ireland, and came to America when a young man, locating first in 
New York and later becoming one of the pioneers of Wisconsin. 
David Nee lived to be one hundred and three years of age. He was 
a farmer, a respected citizen, and well known in the vicinity of his 
home. He married Mary GrifRn, also a native of Ireland, who came 
to America when a young girl; she is still living, at the age of seven- 
ty-four years. They were parents of seven sons and five daughters, 
all of whom grew to maturity, and Coleman is the second child. 

Coleman Nee spent his early life in his native state and county, 
and when about fourteen years of age began life on his own account, 
working the first two years at anything that offered. When sixteen 
years old he engaged in work for a railroad company, at first in lay- 
ing the track. He also worked at bridge building, and was for five 
years fireman on the Northwestern Railroad. He was an engineer 
on the same road until 1900 and then engaged in his present line of 
business, having been very successful. He conducts his business along 
intelligent lines, and his financial future is assured. Mr. Nee is a 
stanch Republican in politics, and takes an active interest in local 
political matters. He has become well known among the business 
men of Escanaba, and has been accorded a place among its enterpris- 
ing, representative, public- spirited citizens. 

Mr. Nee married, in 1900, Margaret Glavin, and they have two 
daughters, Mary and Margaret. 

John Eklund. — Standing prominent among the active and influen- 
tial citizens of Norway, Dickinson county, is John Eklund, a man of 
enterprise and integrity, whose natural aptitude for business has placed 
him upon the high road to afiluence, his success as a jeweler winning 
him a noteworthy position among the leading merchants in his line of 
trade. A native of Sweden, he was born, October 7, 1845, in the village 
of Sunne, state of Wermland, coming from pure Swedish stock on both 
sides of the house. 

His father, John Johnson, was born in the town of Graamark, Werm- 
land, Sweden, in 1812. A man of versatile talents, he was employed 
during his active career in various kinds of labor, spending his entire 
life in Sweden, his death occurring in 1869. He married Kajsa Olson, 
who was born, August 18, 1816, in Sunne, Sweden, the descendant of a 
family whose lineage is easily traced back for a period of three hundred 
years. She survived her husband many years, passing away in 1902, at 
the venerable age of eighty-six years. She reared two sons, both of 
whom took the name of Ekhmd, namely t Olof Eklund, who is engaged 
in agricultural pursuits in his native land; and John Eklund, the sub- 
ject of this sketch. She inherited many family relies, among them being 
a watch now owned by her son John, which has been in the family since 
1766. 

Although as a youth John Eklund had no opportunities for obtain- 
ing an education excepting that oifered by the Sunday School, he made 
excellent use of his keen powers of observation, and, with the added 
knowledge acquired by a wise selection of reading matter, and by ex- 
tensive travel, he has aeeumnlated a vast fund of information, his educa- 
tion being broad and liberal. When very young he began working in a 
saw mill, in due course of time becoming foreman of the mill. Subse- 
quently, having learned the trade of a carpenter and joiner, he built two 



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900 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

saw mills in Finland. Inunigrating to America in 1879, lie spent two 
months in Lockport, Illinois, in June, of that year, coming to the Me- 
nominee Range, making his first stop on the present site of Norway, 
which was then in its primitive wildness, Quinnesee being the terminus 
of the railroad. Purchasing a lot, he erected a house, in which, before 
the end of the year, religious services, the first in Norway, were held. 
The ensuing year Mr. Eklund erected the first church building in Nor- 
way, the Swedish Methodist Church, Rev. Lindstrum becoming its first 
pastor. For two years Mr. Bklund continued as a contractor and builder, 
being quite successful. Establishing himself in the jewelry business then, 
on Main street, he continued there until 1910, building up a substantial 
trade. Taking possession of his present quarters, on South Nelson street, 
in 1910, Mr. Eklund put in a complete stock of jewelry, and of the goods 
carried generally hy jewelers, and has now the distinction of having one 
of the best equipped and best stocked jewelry establishments to be found 
in any part of the Upper Peninsula. 

Mr. Eklund married, in 1870, Christina Nerburg, who was bom in 
Skane, Sweden. She died, in 1907, while Mr. Eklund was away from 
home, visiting in Sweden. Fraternally Mr. Eklund is a member of Nor- 
way Lodge, No. 362, F. & A. M. ; and of Iron Mountain Chapter, No. 121, 
R. A. M. An extensive traveler, he has traversed the length and breadth 
of the United States, and has visited the principal points of interest of 
every country in Europe, having several times crossed the ocean, both 
for business and for pleasure. 

John MacBae, M. D., has resided in the copper district for over 
thirty years, having arrived at Lake Linden, Michigan, on October 
12, 1879. He was then in his eighteenth year, born in Bruce county, 
Ontario, November 12, 1861. His education, secured in a Canadian 
high school, was continued at Lake Linden preparatory to entering 
his profession. 

Having decided to make the practice of medicine his life work, 
he entered the medical department of the University of Michigan at 
Ann Arbor in 1881, where he remained for two years, continuing his 
studies for a third year at the University of Pennsylvania, from 
which institution he graduated in 1884. He practiced medicine for 
some years, then took a post graduate course at the Johns Hopkins 
Medical School, Baltimore, in 1894, On his graduation in 1884 he 
served as assistant on the medical staff of the Calumet & Hecla Min- 
ing Company, at Calumet and Lake Linden. In 1887 he removed to 
Central Mine, Keweenaw county, where he served as physician to the 
Central Mining Company for eleven years. He returned to Calumet 
in 1898, and has since been continuously employed as physician to the 
Kearsarge branches of the Osceola Mining Company. He has also 
been physician to the Centennial Mining Company since 1898. 

He was married at Hartford, Connecticut, April 12, 1901, to Miss 
Eunice C. Jennison, a native of Vermont. They have two children, 
Allan A. and Lucia J. 

His arrival at Lake Superior was at such a time as to throw him 
in contact with a large number of the early pioneers of the Copper 
District, and on this fact he now looks back with a great deal of 
pleasure. 

LouiH A. Hen2e.^A man of good business qualifications, talented 
and well educated, Louis A. Henze is an excellent representative of the 
industrious and thrifty German citizens who are actively ass< ' ' ■' 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 901 

the material growth and prosperity of Iron Mountain, He was born 
June 3, 1856, in the city of Gottingen, in the land drostei of Hildesheim, 
province of Hanover, Prussia, which was also the place of birth of his 
father, August C. Henze. 

Receiving excellent educational advantages, Louis A. Henze was 
graduated from the literary department of the University of Gottingen, 
with a good record for scholarship. Immediately after graduation, at 
the age of nineteen years, he came to this country, locating in Detroit, 
Michigan, where he was clerk in a crockery store for several years. He 
subsequently traveled as a salesman for ten years, representing a De- 
troit firm of maltsters. Coming to Iron Mountain in 1898, Mr. Henze 
accepted the position of superintendent of the Upper Michigan Brewing 
Company's Plant, and the following year organized the Henze-ToUen 
Brewing Company, of which he has since been the president. 

Peter Gaekig.vn. — Noteworthy among the enterprising, active and 
progressive citizens of Menominee county is Peter Garrigau, of Carney, 
a well known insurance agent, real estate dealer and an abstracter. A 
son of Patrick Garrigan, he was bom, November 10, 1863, in Dodge 
county, Wisconsin, of substantial Irish ancestry. 

A native of Ireland, Patrick Garrigan was bom, in 1835, in county 
Meath, where he lived until nine years old. With his brother Michael 
he then came in a sailing vessel to America, landing in New Tork. There, 
luckily, the two boys came across a man who had attended the wedding 
festivities of their parents in the old country, and he advised them to 
go to Perth Amboy, New Jersey, where both found work. A year later 
the brothers went to Massachusetts, and there found employment in an 
iron foundry. Subsequently traveling westward, the brothers stopped 
first in Janesville, Wisconsin, where they walked down the streets with 
a stone in each pocket as a protection against the roughs, there having 
been at that time a strong feeling against the Irish. Thomas A. Garrigan 
enlisted in a Wisconsin regiment, and served as a brave soldier in the 
Civil war. Patrick Garrigan would gladly have enlisted in the service, 
but was not accepted by the recruiting officer. He therefore turned his 
attention to agricultural pursuits, working as a farm hand in Dodge 
county, and also learning to burn charcoal. 

Subsequently removing to Iron Ridge, Wisconsin, Patrick Garrigan 
worked as a charcoal burner in that vicinity for awhile, and was after- 
wards similarly employed for a number of years at Appleton, Wisconsin. 
Entering then the employ of the National Iron Company, he had charge 
of their charcoal kilns at Green Bay, Wisconsin, for fourteen years ; of 
their kilns at Ledgeville, Wisconsin, from 1880 until 1886; and from 
that time until his death, June 25, 1907, had entire control of the char- 
coal business of that company at Carney, Michigan. He was an excellent 
man of business, and while engaged in the charcoal business bought land 
and improved a valuable farming estate. He was a sound Democrat in 
politics, and a valued member of the Roman Catholic Church. 

Patrick Garrigan was twice married. He married first, in Dodge 
county, Wisconsin, in 1859, Anastasia Tormey, who was born in Platts- 
burg, New York, in 1832, and died, February 2, 1868, at Iron Ridge, 
Wisconsin. Four children were born of this union, namely : Mary, wife 
of William Hannan; Julia, wife of I. L. Hannan; Peter, the subject of 
this sketch; and Martha. He married for his second wife Lizzie Herbert, 
of Pierce county, Wisconsin, and she is now living in Carney. 

Living in Dodge county, Wisconsin, until eleven years of age, Peter 



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902 THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN 

Garrigan there obtained the rudiments of his education, which was sub- 
sequently advanced in the public schools of Green Bay, whither he re- 
moved with his parents. At the age of fourteen years, he began driving 
a team for his father, who paid him wages, which were to be saved for 
additional schooling. After working as a teamster for four years he 
entered the Green Bay Business College, where he completed the com- 
mercial course, being graduated with the class of 1881. The ensuing 
year he took a post graduate course in the same institution, studying 
German and English history. Going to Washington Island, Wisconsin, 
in 1883, Mr, Garrigan engaged in fishing during the summer season, and 
afterwards taught school there for three months. Securing employment 
in the spring of 1884 on the tramp steamer "Milwaukee," he visited 
nearly all of the ports on Lake Michigan. Returning in the fall of that 
year to Ledgeville, Wisconsin, he took a contract to furnish the National 
Iron Company with charcoal, and was thus busily employed until 1892. 

In that year Mr. Garrigan, accompanied by his wife and child, came 
to Carney, Michigan, coming across the country with a pair of horses, 
bringing a part of his household goods with him. He opened a butcher's 
shop, and also bought timber lands, and for a year took contracts for 
getting out timber. He became prominent ere long in public matters, 
and in 1893 was elected justice of the peace, an office which he has held 
ever since. In 1893 Mr. Garrigan was elected a member of the Carney 
School Board, and has been re-eleeted to the same position ever since, 
each time for a term of three years. He served as postmaster for five 
years, having been appointed by President Cleveland, and for three terms 
was township clerk. He was township treasurer one term, and served as 
deputy one term. In 1902 he had the honor of being elected county 
supervisor, and served with such ability and fidelity that he was re- 
elected each year up to and including 1910. 

Fraternally Mr. Garrigan is a member of Desperes Lodge, No. 85, 
F. & A. M. ; of Menominee Chapter, No. 107, R. A. HL ; of Carney Tent, 
No. 885, K. 0. T. M. ; of the Modem Brotherhood of America, No. 1258, 
of which he is secretary and treasurer; and of the Brotherhood of Yeo- 
men, in which he is district manager. He is likewise a member, and also 
master, of Carney Grange, No. 1315, P. of H., and is now master of the 
County Grange and State Deputy. Politically he is a stanch supporter 
of the principles of the Republican party. 

Mr. Garrigan married, February 10, 1890, Ruth Barlow, who was 
bom in Delavan, Walworth county, Wisconsin, being the eldest of the 
three children born to Samuel W. and Ursula (Hatch) Barlow. A 
native of Vermont, Samuel Barlow migrated when young to Wisconsin, 
and engaged in farming in Walworth county. He served during the 
Civil war in a Wisconsin regiment, and afterwards continued his agri- 
cultural labors in Greenup, Wisconsin, from there coming to Carney, 
Michigan, where he is now a resident, Mr. and Mrs. Garrigan have four 
children, namely: Donald L., Ronald B., Stewart S,, and Myrtle A. 

WiLLiA D. Hill. — As superintendent of the schools of Crystal Palls, 
Professor Willia D, Hill occupies a position of note among the prominent 
educators of the Upper Peninsula, his superior talenis and scholarly 
attainments eminently qualifying him for his important position. Com- 
ing from excellent New England ancestry, he was born January 18, 1864, 
at Starksboro, Addison county, Vermont, which was also the birthplace 
of his father, Austin W. Hill. His grandparents, Joseph and Katherine 
Hill, spent their last years on their farm in Starksboro, 

Brought up on the old Vermont homestead, Austin W. Ilil! became 



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THE NORTHERN PENINSULA OP MICHIGAN 903 

familiar with the various branches of agriculture while young, and was 
a resident of bis native town until 1875. Coming in that year with his 
family to Michigan, he located at Caledonia, Kent county. Purchasing 
land, be engaged in general farming, and in addition dealt extensively 
in live stock, shipping cattle to the eastern markets. Coming to Crystal 
Falls in 1901, he resided here three years and then bought land in Lever- 
ing, Michigan, where he was busily employed in tilling the soil until hia 
death, which occurred very suddenly in 1909, at the age of seventy-five 
years, he having been very active until the last. He was three times mar- 
ried. He married first Anna Fisk Knowles, who was born at Monkton 
Bidge, Vermont, where her father, David F. Knowles, was engaged in 
the jewelry business. She died in 1864, leaving two children, Lindley 
M. and "Willia D. Austin W. Hill married for his second wife Maria 
M. Chamberlain, a native of Vermont, and after her death married for 
his third wife her sister, Marian E. Chamberlain, who survives him and 
is now living in Michigan. 

Obtaining his early knowledge of books in the district schools of the 
Green Mountain state, "Willia D. Hill continued his studies in Michi- 
gan, and was graduated from the Caledonia high schoo! with the class 
of 1882. He subsequently taught in that school one year, in Cascade 
township one year, and one year in Alaska township. Entering then the 
Michigan State Normal School, he was graduated from that institution 
in 1888 with an excellent record for scholarship. He has since taken 
special courses of study in the Michigan Agricultural College at Lan- 
sing, and in the University of Chicago further preparing himself for a 
professional career. After his graduation from the normal school, Mr. 
Hill was in the employ of Harper Brothers, publishers, for a year, and 
since that time has been siiperintendent of schools, his first position in 
that capacity having been at Lawton, Blichigan, and the next at Jones- 
vUle, Michigan, For the past twelve years the Professor has had charge 
of the schools at Crystal Falls, where his work is highly appreciated by 
the pupils, the teaching force and the patrons. 

Professor Hill has been twice married. He married first, in 1894, 
Amaretta Glasgow, who was born in Jonesville, Michigan, a daughter of 
Silas and Emma Glasgow. She died in 1901, leaving three children, 
namely: Geraldine Glasgow, Theron S. and Marguerite Knowles, who 
died at the age of three and one-half years. Professor Hill married for 
his second wife in May, 1904, Dora Victoria Gulgreen, who was bom in- 
Sweden and came to this country with her parents. Both Professor and 
Mrs. Hill are members of the Methodist Episcopal church. Fraternally 
the Professor belongs to Crystal Falls Lodge, No. 385, P. & A. M. ;