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Full text of "Die Betriebsmittel des Gemüsebaues und der Gemüsetreiberei"

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'4^JL^»i^C-'ün-^j^L:i- 



Estate of Julian C. Wrlght 




STANF^^DUNIVERSITY LIBRARIES 



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Estate of Julian C. Wrlght 




BTANFtiRDUNlVERSiTY LIBRARIES 









* 






AINSWORTH'S 
MAGAZINE: 

Ä MISCELLANY OF EOMANCE, 
CSnural Hfttntn», & an. 

BIllTBD BT 

WILLIAM HAEEISON AINSWOEIH. 

ILLDSTKATBD BT 

HABLOT K. BROWNE. 
VOL. VI. 



LONDON; 

JOHH HOBTDIER, HJBUSHEB, ADELAIDE STSEET, 

TBAFALGAB 6QUABB. 

HDCCOXUT. 



AINSWORTH'S MAGAZINE. 



Saint Samt«'«: 

THE COURT OF QUEEN ANNE 

BT THE EDITOR. 

BOOK THE THIBD. 

CHAPTZK TBE FIBBT. 

arm a tuosr dmioht urro tke pkooibh or kaklet*« nrruaDss roK powbb. 

Two yeara and upwards had clapeed, and Abigail's promise re- 
mained unfiilfilled. The Whigs were still in power, and the 
Marlboroueh &mily paramonnt in inäuence. But neither de- 
lay nor deteat discouraged Hariej. Besolved to bazard nothing 
by predpitation, he carefully Btrengthened himself eo as to be 
sare of holding hie place when he obtained it. His measures, at 
firat obscure and apparendj puiposeless, began to jetow defined 
and intelligible. Confident m tne Support of the Tories, and of 
ibose in the Jacobite interest, he at last succeeded in winning 
over some of the oppoaite partj, and among others, Earl RiverSf 
who became bis confidentuil agent, and acquainted bim with all 
the deaigns of his colleaguee. ^y working upon his vanity and 
jealousy, hc managed likewise to estrange the Duke of Somerset, 
and the queen was prevuled npon to üd in the scheine, bv con- 
atantly inviting the duke to her private Conferences, and flatter- 
ing hiB inordinate self-esteem. The Duke of Sbrewsbury was 
also gained orer by nmilar arts, though he hesitated to commit 
hiciself by any stepwhich should compromise htm with bis party, 

While thus providing himsclf witn supporters, Harley strove 
to undermine the stronghold of his Opponent». He had long 
since succeedcd in rendenng the Duche&s of Marlborough ohnox- 
ioue to the queen, and unpopulär with the court ; and he now 
tumed his weapoos chieäy against the duke. 

Three more campaims, which, if not distinguiehed by victories 
as glorious BS those ^ Blenheim and Bamines» still were suffi- 
ciently brilliant, had been added to the roll of Marlborougb's 
achieveinent& The first of these passed off nithout any re- 
markable action; but in the summcr of 1708, the importnnt 
battle of Oudenard was gained ; and in the autumn of the suc- 



2 8AIXT JAVEe'3: OB, 

ceeding year — namely, the llth September, 1709 — the fiercely 
contestea and memorable victorj of Malpiaquet occuired. In 
the latter terrible coDflict, in which the Frencn, bv thc admission 
of both Marlborougb and Eugene, perförmed almost prodigies 
of valour, they losl nearly fourtcen thousand men, wbile tbc 
triuitiph of the confederate annics was dearly purcbased. Stig- 
matizing the battle as a wanton and injudicious carnage, Harlcy 
went so far aa to insinuate that the duke had exposed nis oScers 
to certÜQ destruction in order to profit by sale of their co[iiinis~ 
sions ; and monstrous and improbaole as the calumny appeais, it 
nevertheless found some credence amongst those who had lost 
relatives and friends on that fatal field. 

It must be admitted, also, that the duke's niling passion, 
avarice, coupled with bis wife's undisguiaed rapacity, nivourcd 
assertions like the present, and cansed it at last to be generally 
believed, that the war was prolonged rather for bis own beneßt 
thaii the gloiy of the natipn. With olhers, too, though fnl!y 
sensible of bis high deserts, and of the gruundlcssncss and malice 
of auch accusations, the deeire of peace outweighed every otbcr 
cons iderat ion, and tbey joined the cry, in the accomplishmg the 
object of their wishes. 

Marlborougb unintentionally aided the designs of his eueni}'. 
CoDvinced that he had irrecoverably lost the queen'a favour, and 
snxious, while he had yet power, to fortify himself agaiust further 
Opposition, which he furesaw he should have to encounter, he 
applied to the cbancellor, to ascertaio whether a patent, appoint- 
iM him captain-^eucral of the forces for life, could not be ob- 
tained. To his surprise and disappointment, the answer uas 
that the applit^ation would be irregulär and unconstitutional, and 
that thc grant could not be made ; and though fiitther inquiries 
. were iustituted, and tbrough other Channels, the replies were 
cqiiallv unfavourable. 

Undeterred by these opinions, the duke dctermined to luake 
a direct application to the queen ; and with this view, immc- 
diately after, ihe victory of Malpiaquet, judging it a fitting 
season, he was unwise enough to eioploy the duchess on the 
misdion. Prepared for the requeat by Harley, and glad of an 
opportunity of mortifying her fornier favourite, but present 
objcct of her unmitigatcd dislike, Anne gave a decided refusal. 

" I shall not rcmonstrate with your majesty npon yoiir deci- 
sion," Said the duchess ; " but since the duke's serviccs are thus 
disregardcd, I must announce to you his positive intention to rc- 
tire at the close of the war." 

" If your grace had Eaid at the close of thc present campaigo, 
I should have undcrstood you better," repücd the queen, with 
bitter significance ; " but it the duke only mcans to rclinquish 
his cooimand at the end of the war, I know not when his dcsign 
will be put into execution." 

" Your majesty docB not mean to echo Mr. Harley'e falae and 



THB COURT Or 4ÜEBH AKNE. 3 

disbonouraUe crj, Uiat tbe Duke of Marlboroi^h intentiosally 
protracts tbe war?" crJcd tbe ducbess, witb dif&culty Controlling 
ber passion. 

" I echo no cry but that of my people forpeace," repUed Anne. 
" Tbej complaia of tbe perpetual call for fresb supplies, and I 
own I sympathize witb tbem." 

" Well tben," cried tbe duchess, " you sball have peace. But 
I wara Tou, it will be worse than war," 

In spite of her resolution to tbe contrary, Anne was disturbed 
by tbe duchess'e implied menace. Left to beraelf, ehe could not 
refrain &om tears; and she murniured — "Ab ! my dear, loet 
busband, tbis is one of tbe occasions when I sbould bave feit tbe 
benefit of your Support and counsel." 

Anne bad now been a widow just a year. Her amiable con- 
Bort, Prince George of Denmark, ezpired on tbe 23rd October, 
1708. CooBtant in attcndance upon bim during bis illnessj 
Anne made no display of her grief wbea bis sufferings were 
ended, and migbt bave been suppoved by an indifferent or a 
barsb observer to bave feit little regret for bis loss. But it was 
not so. She mourned bim sincerely, but secrelly ; and almost 
the only person acquainted witb tbe extent of her affliction was 
Mrs. Masbam, wbo was destined to be a witneas to her emotion 
on tbe present occasion. 

" In tears, gracious madam T cried tbe confidante, wbo bad 
approacbed unobserred. " I tmst tbe duchess has offered you 
no new indignitj." 

" She bas madc a request of me, on behalf of tbe dulce, 
wbich I bave refused — peremptorily refuscd," replied Anne. 
" But my grief is not caused Iby ber, but by tboughts of mj 
dear lost husband." 

" In that caae, I can only sympatbize witb you, madam," 
replied Mrs. Masham. " I will not afiect to mouni tbe prince 
as deeply as you; but my sorrow is only second to your 
own." 

" Tbe prince bad a |rreat regard for you," rejoined tfae queea 
— " a sreat regard. Uis last recommendation to m^was — ' Keep 
Abigan and her busband always near you. They will serve you 
ikithfully.' " 

" And we will make good bis higbness's words," retumed Mrs. 
Masbam ; " but, ob 1 let us dwell no more on Ulis subject, gr^ 
cious madam. It distresses you." 

" No ; it relieves my beart," replied Anne. " It is one of the 
penalties of royalty to be obliged to sacrifice private feellngs 
to public duties. I can open my beart to no one but you. 
Abigaü," sbc continucd, in a brolcen voice, " I^am now alone. I 
have neitber husband nor cbildren. My brotber ia in arms 
egainat me — my bouse U desolate — and though I wear a crown, 
it is a barren one. I dare not tbink upon tbe succession to the 
throne ; for otbers order it für mc." 



4 SAINT jAHEea: OB, 

" Alas 1 madssa" ezcUimed Mrs. Mashatn. 

" Ob that my brother could enjoy bis inheritance," cried the 
queen. 

" Let Mr. Harlej once be at the head of affiiirs, madam," re- 
tumed tbe otber, " and I am sure your desbvs caa be accom- 
pUshed." 

" Tbe season ie at band for bis advancement," said the queen. 
" I bare just read tbe duchess a leason, and shall lose no oppoi^ 
tunity now of mortifying and aSironting ber. Wheti the dulce 
letuTDs, I Bball give hlm clearly to understand that he can expect 
nothing fuitber at my bands. But wbere ia Mr. Hariey ? I have 
not Seen bim thia moming." 

" He is witbout, in the ante-chamber," repUed Mrs. Masham, 
" and only waits your leisure for an audience." 

"He Stands upon needlese ceremony," repbed the queen. 
(' Let faim ctuae in." 

And the oext moment Harley was introduced. Anne in- 
formed bim wbat bad pasaed between herseif and the ducbess. 

"I am glad your majesty basacted witb such becoming spirit," 
repbed Harley. " The duke will feel bis refusal keenly, but I 
ean fumisb you witb another plan of galling bim yet more 
sensibly. By tbe desth of tbe Earl of Essez, which bas just 
occurred, two important militairpreferments bave become racan^ 
— namely, tbe lieutenancy of the Tower, and a regiment These 
appointmeols, I need not teil your majesty, are UBUsUy made by 
the commander-in-chie£" 

" And you would have me dispoee of them ?" said the queeru 

" Precisely," replied Harley ; " and if I might venture to 
recommend a fitting pereon for tbe Ueutenancy, it would be 
Lord Rivers. " 

" Wby, be is a wbig I" exciaimed Anne. 

" He 18 a friend of your majesty's friends," returned Harley, 
amiliiig. 

" l£ sbail bave tbe place then," said Anne. 

" I bave asked few favours tbr myself, gracious madam," said 
Mi«- Masham ; " but I now venture to solicit the vacant regi- 
ment for my brother, Colonel HiU." 

"It is bis," replied tbe queen, giaciously, "andlamhappyin 
beina sble to obnge you." 

Aus. Masham was profiise in her tbanks. 

" This will be a bitter mortlfication to Marlborougb," repUed 
Harley, " and will accelerate bis retirement His grace is not 
, wbat ne was, even with the multitude, and your majesty will 
Bee tbe Borry welcome he will expeiience from them on his re- 
tum. I have at last brought to bear a pTojef:t wbicb I bave 
long conceived, for rousing the wbole of tbe higb-churcb party 
in OUT favour. The unconscious agent in my siäeme is Doctnr 
Henry Sacbeverel, rector of Saint Saviour's, Soutbwark, a 
bigoted, but energetic divine, wbo, on the nezt fiftb of Novem- 



THE CODBT OT QDSSN ANNE. 5 

ber, will presch a senn«) in Saint Paul's, which, like a tnimpet 
MMUided vom a hieb place, will atir up the whole city. Bis 
text will be, the ' Penifl from &lBe brethren.' I bare read Üa 
disconn^ uid can therefi>re speak confidently to ita e£fect." 

" I hope it may not pcove [oejudicial to joat cause," aaü die 
qneen, uneasilj. 

" Be not alarmed, madam," replied Harlej. " Bot jou shall 
hear the pniport of the aermoD, and jndfe for yonraelf of its 
tendency. One of ita aims is, to show tEat the meana uaed 
to brii^ about the Berolutiim were odions and nnjnstifiable, 
and to condemn the doctrine of resistance aa inconeistent with 
the principles then laid down, and den^tory to the memoiy 
of his late majesty. Anotber is, that the liceoce granted by 
law to Protestant dissecters is nnreaacmable, and tnst it is the 
daty of all snperior pastors to thnnder out their anathemas against 
those eotitlea to the benefit of toleration. A tbiid, tbat the 
chnrch of England is in a condttion of great peril and adverüty 
ander the preaent administraäon, notwithstanding the vote r&- 
cently paaeed to the contrary efiect. The fotirth and chief article 
is, tnat yonr majesty's administration, both in ecclesiastic^ and 
civil affaua, is tending to the deBtruction of the constitatioa ; that 
tfaere are many exuted members, both of chnrch and State, 
who are fiUse brethren, and are striving to undermine, weaken, 
and betray the eetablishment. The treasurer bimaelf is reprt^ 
bated under the character of Volpane, and comes in for the 
doctor'e Berereat censures. Such is the sum of the discooree, 
which conclodes with the stionsest ezhortations to the tme 
■npporters of the church to stand forth in ita defence. Your 
majestjr will agiee with me that it ia not likely to fül at thia 
junctore." 

" It seeiDB to me a hasaidons meaaure," obserred the queen ; 
** bot I hare no doubt yoa have well considered it, and I will not 
therefbre oppoae you. It m^ lead to what I chiefly desire, 
tboogh I we breathe it ooly to yourself and Abi^ — the 
reatoratioii of the sacceasion to my fiither's houae." 

" No donbt of it, madatn," replied Harley, with as mach con- 
fidence as if he had really believ«d what he arouched. 



CHAPTER TBK BBCOMD. 

r D«ct«a ucBXvaaBL raxAcacD au nwioH it a. 



Oh the fifth of November, 1709, Doctor Sachererel preached 
hia celehrated sermoa, as arranged by Harley, at Saint Paul's, 
before the lord mayor, Sir Samuel Garrard, and the aldermeUf 
aod its effect was quite as eztraordinaiy as had been anticipated. 
Carried awsy by the vehemence aod eamestneea of the pr^cher, 
and only impemctly comprebending the drift of the aiacourBe, 



6 SAINT JAJÜEBS: COf 

the lord mayor h^hly commended it, and requested it might be 
printed. This being preciscly what Sacheverel desired, he im- 
mcdiatelj took tbe astute cilizea at bis word, and not only priDted 
tbe sennon, but dedicated it to him. Upwards of forty tbousand 
copies were Bold in a few days, and it became tbe eeneral sub- 
ject of coQTersatioQ and discussion tbroughout the city. A iire- 
brand cast into a field of dry dax could not have causcd a more 
Budden and far~spreading biaze than this inäammatory discourBc 
The cry was everywhere raised tbat the churcb was in danger, 
and tbat tbe miaisters were its worst enemies. Meetings were 
convened ia varioua quarters, at wbicb denunciationa were hurled 
against them, and Sachevcrel was proclaimed tbe champion of 
the bigb churcb. 

This populär tumult would have subeided aa apeedily as it rose, 
if it had not beea kept alive and beightened by tne arts of Harley 
and bis adberents. Godolpbin would have willingly possed tbe 
m^ter over witb silent contempt; but this was not Harley's 
design; and tbough openlv oppoBing the matter, be secretlv 
contrivcd to push iorwüd the impeachment of the doctor — well 
knowing, tbat the attempt to punisb a clergyman was the surest 
way to confirm the report that the church was in danger. 

So mucb noisejat lengtb, was made about the libellous discourse, 
tbat it could not be passed over, and acting under the dtrection 
of the ministry, Mr. John Dolben, son of the late Arcbbishop of 
York, complained in the house of tbe eermon as facttous and sedi- 
tious, and ealculated to promote rebellion ; and after some furtber 
apeeebes to the same purpoee, nothing being advanced in the 
ooctor's defence, a resolution was passed that tbe eermon was 
" a maliciouB, scandalous, and seditious libel, bighly reäecting 
npon her majesty and her govemment, the late happy Revolution 
and tbe Protestant successioD, and tending to alienate tbe aüec- 
tioDS of her majeaty's good subjects, and to cre^e jcalousies and 
divisions among them." 

It was tben ordered, that Sacheverel, and bis publiaber, Henry 
Clements, sfaould attend at tbe bar of the bouse next day. The 
injunction was obeyed, and, accompanied by Doctor iJmcaster, 
Rector of Saint Martin's-in-the-Fields, and a hundred of bis 
brotber clergy, who had espouscd bis cause, Sacheverel appeared 
to anawer to tbe cbarge, and boldiy confessing it, it was agreed 
tbat be should be impeacbed at the bar of the House of Lords 
by Mr. Dolben. 

Occasion was takea at tbe same time to pass a resolution in 
favour of a divine of veiy opposite principles to the ödender — 
namely, the Rev. Benjamin Hoadley, who, baving strenuously 
justified tbe principles proceeded upon in the Revolution, was 
conccived to have roented the regard and recommendation of 
tbe house ; and it was therefbre resolved tbat an address should 
be presenied to tbe queen entreatiog her to bestow some dignity 
of tne c^nrcb upon him. The address was afierwards presented 



THE COURT OF QUBES ANKE. 7 

by Mr. Secretsiy Boyle ; but thoaeb her majesty stated, " she 
would talte an opportuait; ti> compTv with their desire," it pro- 
bably escaped her memory, for no iiirüier notice was taken of 
it 

On hifl itnpeachmeDt, Sacbeverel -was taken into custodj bj 
tbe serjeant-at-anna, by whom he was delirered over to tbe usher 
of tbe black rod ; but be was subsequently admitted to bail, after 
whicb a copy ofthe arlicies of accusation beug delivered tobim, 
be retumeu an answer denying most of the chatves ^piinst faito, 
and palliating and extenuating all the resL The answer was 
sent bv the lords to the commona, and referred by the latter to a 
committee. 

After mach deliberation, in which Harley*s influence secretly 
operated, an address was laid befure the queen, stating that " the 
hoiise could not patiently sit still and see tbe justice of tbe late 
happy Revolution reflected upon ; their own decrces treated with 
contempti the goveraors of tne ehurch aspersed ; toleration ez- 
posed as wicked; and sedition insolently invading the pulpit; 
and therefore they were under tbe absolute necessity of bringiQg 
tbe oSender to triaL" To this address, the queen, acting under 
advice, gave her assent, and the trial was tbereufron appointed 
to take place on the 27th of Februaiy, thence ensuing, in West- 
minster Hall, which was ordered to be fitted up for the receptioD 
of the commons. 

These proceedings increased the unpopularity ofthe ministen, 
wbile they caosed Sacbeverel to be universally regarded as a 
martyr. Tbe anticipated trial, on which the late of parties was 
known to hang, formed tbe entire subject of conversation at all 
clubs and cofilee-houses. The fiercest disputes aroee out of these 
discusaions, occasiooing fiequent duels and noctumal encounters; 
while high-church mobs paraded the streete, sbouting forth die 
doctor's name, and singing sooga in bis praise, or utteriog diatribes 
against hia eaemtes. 



CUAPTBR TBE TBIBD. 

Of THB AVFBOKT VUT TPON THK DUU OF lUBLSOaedaR BT TBK qDKXM. 

Iif leSB than a week after Sacbeverel bad promulgated his sedi- 
tious discourse, tbe Duke of Marlborough appeared at Saint 
Jamee's, baving beert bastily summoned from Fwideta by Godol- 
pbin, who informed him of tbe menacing aspect of aSairs, and 
assored him tbat tbe oaly chance of safety rested in his presence. 
Tbe Duke's retum, which had formerly been baiied by the 
loodest cheers and congratulations of the populace, was com- 
paratively onnoticed, and inatead of bis own name and acbieve- 
ments fbrming tbe burthen of their sbouts, he was greeted with 
cries of " Saclieverel and High Church." Tbe mob had set up 
a new idol in bis absence. 



8 SAnrr jähes s: ob, 

His reception b; tbe queen was cold and constrüned, and 
tbough she prolessed to be glad to see him, sbe made no «llu- 
gion whatever to tbe recent victory of Malplaquet. Tbe meetiag 
was further embarrassed by tbe preaence of Jma. Masham. After 
Bome conversation on indifferent matters, Marlborougb adverted 
to the refiiflal of tbe grant, and expressed bis resolutioa of re- 
tirine, as soon aa be could do so consistently. 

*• I am sorry your grace should misconstrue my refiisal," aaid 
Anne ; "tbere u no precedent fbr tbe grant you clum, and I 
diould DOt be justiBed in acceding to your requesL As regards 
your retirement, tbe grief I shaU feel at being deprived of your 
Services will be tempered by the enjoyment of a long stranger to 
my reiga — peace." 

" I nnderstand your mtyeflty," replied Marlborougb, drily. 
** But even the certainty of misrepresentation shall not compel 
me to conclude a treaty of peace with Louis, uoless upon terms 
honourable to yourself and advantageous to your sabjects." 

" What appears advantageous to your grace may not appear 
equally so to otheis," remarked Mis. Masham. 

" PoBwbly not to Mr. Harley and tbe friends of France," re- 
teioined the duke, sarcastically. " But I will protect the rights 
of my coimtry, and oppose and confoimd its enemies as long as 
I bave the power of doing so." 

" You are warm, my lord," said Anne — " needlessly warm." 

" Not needlessly, giacious madam, wben I find you influenced 
by pemicious advisers," replied Marlborougb. " Ob, tbat I 
could exercise tbe inäuence I once bad over youl Ob, tbat yoa 
would listen to the counsels of your tnie friend, the duchesSt 
she wbo has yonr real interests at beart I" 

' Her majes^r bas shaken off her bondage," cried Mn. 



" To put on another and a worse," rejoined the duke. " Sbe 
knows not the position in whicb sbe Stands — sbe knows not how 
her honour, ber gloiy, her prosperity are sacrificed at tbe shrine 
of an unworthy fiivourite." 

"No more of ihis, my lord," cried Anne, peremptorily. 
*' I will not be troubled with these disputes." 

" It is no dispute, n^acious madam," replied tbe duke, 
pioudly. " As a fäithful and loyal servant of your majes^, and 
as oae ready at all times to lay down his life m your defence, I 
am bound to represent to you tbe danger in wbicb you are placed. 
But I can hare no quarre! with Mtb. Masbam." 

"Mrs, Masham respecta my feelings, my lord," replied the 
queeo, angrily, " wbicb is more tban some of tbose do, wbo [Hx^ 
fess so mucb oevotion to me. But it is time tbese misunderstand- 
ings sbould ceaee. Can you not see that it is her perpetual inter- 
ference and dlctation tbat has rendered the ducbess odious to me, 
and has led me to adopt a confidaote of more gentle manoers? 



TBE COCBT OF Q1TEEH ANKE. 9 

Can you cot see that I will not brook eitber her control or 
yours — that I wLU govero my people as I please, — and fix mv 
affections where I desire ? No parUaiDcnt can rob me of a &ieaa» 
and if your grace ehould think fit to sttempt Mrs. Masham's 
forcible remoTal, aa you cmce threatened, you wdl find your efibrts 
finistrated." 

" I hsve no wiah to deprive your mi^esty of a fiieod, and cer- 
tainly none to dictate to you," reptied the dtike. " But if it is 
proved to you — ^publicly proved — that your confidant« haa be- 
trayed her trust, and been in constant correspondence with the 
arowed Opponent of your majesty'a minister^ — lo say nothing of 
foreign enemies — if your parliaaient and people require you to 
dismiss her, I preeume you will not then hesitate." 

" It will be time enough to answer that questioa, my tord^ 
wben such a deciäon bas been pronounced, said Üie queen. 
"I presume our coolerence is at an end." 

" Not quite, your majesty," aaid the duke. " I muet trespass 
oQ your patience a moment longer. You are aware that two 
militaiy appointments have to be made — the lieutenam^ of the 
Tower, and a regtmeat." 

" I am aware of it," replled the queen. 

" Lord Rivers requested me to use my interest with your 
majesty to confer the lieutenancy upon bim," pursued the duke ; 
" but on my represendng to bim that my interest was infinitely 
lesB than his own, he eatreated my permission to make the re- 
quest of your majesty bimself," 

" Haa your grace any objection lo him 7" asked the qoeeo. 

" None whatever," rephed the duke ; " but the person I would 
venture to recommend to the place is the Duke of Northum- 
berland. By giving it to him, your majesty will also be enabled 
to oblige the £arl of Hertford oy the presentation of the Oxford 
lepment, which Northumberland will resign in his favour — an 
arrangement which is sore to bc highly agreeable to the earl*» 
father, the Duke of Somereet" 

" I am sorry I cannot attend to your grace's recommendation," 
replied the queen ; " for I have already granted the lieutenancy 
to Lord Rivers." 

" Uow, madam I" ezclaimed Marlborough. *' Wby Lord 
Rivers ouly left me a few momeuta before I set out, and I made 
all haste to the palace." 

" He has been here, nevertheless, and bas received the ap- 
pointment," rejoined the queen. " He said your giace had no 
objecüon to him." 

" This is coDtrary to all etiquette," cried the duke, unable to 
conceal hie mortificatioa. " yfoj, I have never been consulted 
on the occa^on. Your majesty will do well to recall your pro- 
mise." 

" Imposnble, my lord," replied Anae. But siace your grace 



10 SAIRT JAHBBS: OB* 

coraplüiis of violation of etiquette, I heg to inform you tbat I 
wish tbe vacant rc^iment to be confcrred on Mrs. MasHam's 
brother, Colonel HilL " 

" Your majesW I" excliümed the diike. 

" Nay, I will have it so !" cried Anne, peremptorilT. 

'* In a matter like the present, involving the coasideration of 
rery nice points, your majesty will foi^ve me if I do not at 
once asBcnt," replied the duke. " Let me beseech you to reflect 
lipon the pr^uMce nhich the appointment of so young au oflScer 
as Colonel Hill will occasiou to tue army, while otbers, who have 
served longer, and have higher claims, must necessarily be passed 
over. I myselfshall be accused of partiality and injustice. 

" I will Cake carc you sre set right on that score, my lord," re- 
tomed Anne. 

" It will be erecting a Standard of disaffection, round which 
all tbe malconteuts will rallV)" pursued the duke. 

" We will bope better things," Bald thfi queen. 

" As a last appeal, gr&cious madam," cried the duke, kneeling, 
" I would rcmind yoti of the hardships I have receatly under- 
gone — of my long and active Eervices. Do not — ob, do not fbrce 
this ungracious and injurious order upon me. Tbough I myself 
inigbt brook the indignity, yet to make it apparent to the miole 
World must be prejudicial to you as well as to me." 

" Eise, my lord," said Anne, coldly. " 1 have made up my 
mind on the subject You will du well to advise with your 
friendfi, and when you have consulted with them I sball be glad 
of an auswer." 

" You sball have it, madam," replied tbe duke. And bowing 
etiffly, be quitted the presence. 



CHAPTER THE FOUHTB. 



Tbb constancy of Mrs. Plumpton and Mrs, Tipping was severety 
tried. The campaign of 1707 closed without the seijeant^ 
retum; so did that of tbe followiog year; and it seemed 
doubtfut wbethcr the wiater of 1709 would see bim back again. 
'Tiäs, it must be confessed, was a very long absence inaeed> 
and enough to ezhaust the patience of tbe most enduriog. 
During me greater part of the time, Scales correepooded re^- 
iarly with bis friends, and sent them long and grapbic descnp- 
tions of tbe sieges of Lille, Tournay, and Mona, as well aa of 
the batües of Oudenard and Molplaquet, at all of whicb he bad 
been presenL 

Bimbelot and Sauvageon bad been constant in their sttend- 
ance upon tbe ladies, and tbough tbe coiporal's suit could not be 



THE COÜBT OP QUEEN ASSE. II 

■aid to advance, the valet flattered himself that he had made a 
&Toursble iuipresBion upoD the heart of the lady's maid. How 
fär he migbt bave succeeded, aod vhether he might have poseessed 
himself of the hand of the too BUBceptible Mm. Tipping, it ia 
needless to inquire. Suffice it to saj, that she was so well watched 
by Proddy, noo guarded her like a dragon, that she had no 
opportunitj of throwing herseif away. 

11 maj be remembercd, that on the last occasion when Bim- 
belot was brought on the scene, he was locked up in a cupboard 
by the coachman, and it may be as well here to sive the sequel 
of that adveDture. For some titne the valet dld not diecover 
that he was a prisoner, not having heard Proddy's manoeuvre ; 
but at length, fkncylng all still, he tried to get out, and to his 
dismay, fuund tbe means of egress barred against him. While ia 
a State of great anxiety at his Situation, he was somewhat reliered 
hy the approach of footsteps, and preseatlv distinguished the 
voice of Mrs. Tipping, who, in a low tone, mquired, "Are you 
there?" 

" Oui, ma ch^re, I'm here, and here Vra likeiy to remain, un- 
lese yon Ict me out," he replied. 

" Why, the key's gone r cried Mrs. Tipping. " I can't open 
the door. What s tu he dooe ?" 

" Diable I" roared Bimbelot " Je mourirai de feim — je senü 
sufiFoque. Oh, mon Dien! Vat shall I do? — hal" And in 
tuming about, he upset a lai^ pile of china plates, which feil to 
the cround with a tTcmendous clattcr. 

mia. Tipping instantly took to her heels, and alarmed by the 
noise, Hshwick, Brumby, Parker, and Timperley, wbo had re- 
tired tu a sinall room adjoining the Icitchen to smoke a pipe and 
regale themeelves with a mug of ale previous to retiring to reat, 
rushed into the passagc. 

" What the deiice is the matter T cried Rshwick. " Some- 
bodj must be breakina into the house." 

'• Tbe noise came noax the cbina cloeet," aüd Brumby. " A 
cat must bave got into iL" 

" Höre lilte^ a rat," süd Parker ; " but whatever it is, well 
feiret it out. Holloa I the key's gone l Fm sure I eaw it in 
the door to-night." 

" This conrincea me we've a housebreaker to deal with" sud 
Timperley. " Ile has taken out the key, and locked himself in 
tbe cloeet.'' 

"Maybe," said Brumby. "But let's break open the door — 
Vm eure I hear a noise." 
" So do I, " rejoined Parker. 

At this instant there was another crash of chioa, followed 
hj an imprecation in the Frencb tongue. 

" Run to the kitchen, Timperley, and fetcb the mueket, and 
the piatolfl, and the sword," cncd Fishwick. " Well extenninate 
the villün when we get at him. l've got a key which will uu- 
lock the door. Qtüac— quick T 



18 aujTT jAHEs'e: ob. 



" Oh ! ce ue'st paB on larron, mes amis — c'est moi — c'eat Bim- 
belot," cried the Frencbman. " Dont you know me ?" 

" Why it sotmds like Bamby's voice," cried Fishwick. 

" Yea, yes, it is Bimbelot," replied Üie prisoner. 

" Wby, what the devU are joa doing tnere ?" demanded the 
«ook. 

" I got locked up by accident," replied Bimbelot " Open 
de door, I beseesh of jou." 

At thia repl; there was a general roar of laugfater from the 
groop outside, which wae not dimioiEhed wheo the door being 
opeoed by fishwick, the v&let meaked forth.. Without wütine 
to thank hia delivererB, or to afford them any explanation ra" 
tlte cauae of hia captivity, Bimbelot took to hia heela and hurried 
out of the honse. Tbeir Burmises, which were not veiy &r 
Wide of the tmth, were fuHj confirmed od the followiog day by 
Proddj. 

It haa been aaid that the Berjeant wrote home &equent]y, but 
after the battle of Malplaquet, which he described with great 
paiticularity, nothing was neaid fixun him,.and as thia despatch 
was evidently traced by the band of a comrade, it wae feared, 
Üiongh he made no mentioa of it, that he had been wounded. 

" Well, I hold to my resolution," aaid Mn. Tlpping. " If he 
has lost a limb I wont have him." 

" I don't care what he has lost," aaid Mtsl Plumpton, " he 
will be all the same to me." 

" I hope he'll come back aafe and aound," aaid Proddy, " and 
soon too. I'm aure he has been away long enough." 

The campaign of 1709 was over, and the Duke of Marlborough 
retumed, butwith him cameno aeijeant. Great was the constenia- 
tion of the two ladies. Mrs. Tipping had a fit of hysterics, and 
JMre. Plumpton feinted clean away, out both were restored, not 
only to themselTes, but to the highest possible State of glee, by 
a piece of intelligence brought them by rlshwick, who haa ascer- 
tained &om the very best authority, — namely, the duke himself, 
— that the seneant was on his way home, and might be hourly 
erpected. Shortly aller this, Proddy made bis appearance, wear- 
ing a mysterious expression of countenance, which was very 
taotalizing. Hc had received a letter &om the setjeant, and 
the ladicB entreated him to let them sec it, but he shook bis 
head, and siüd " Youll know it all in time." 

" Know what ?" demaaded Mrs. Tipping. " What has 
happeoed ?" 

" Something veiy drcadful," replied Proddy, evadvely ; " so 
prepare yourselves, 

" Oh, eood gracioua, you alarm one I" czclaimed Mrs. Tip- 
ping. "He hasn't got a leg shot off?" 

" WoTse than that," rephed Proddy. 

" Worse than that 1" repeated Mre. Upping. " Impossihle 1 
It can't be wone ? Speak— speak I or I shall go distractcd." 



THB COintT OF 4ÜBEK AHHC 1» 

" WI^ he bas lost bis rigbt leg and bis rigbt ann, and I don't 
know wbetber bis rigbt eje üat epmiaun' too, replied tbe coacb- 

" Theo be's no longer tbe man for me," replied Mrs. Tipping. 

" l'm glad to bave Bucb ao opportunity of proving my affection 
for bim, said Mis. Flumpton, brusbing away a teor. " I shall 
like bim juEt as well ae ever — -perbape Setter." 

" WelC npon my word, Plumptoa, you're easily aatisfied, I 
moBl say," obaerred Mrs. Tipping, sconuiilly. " I wish jou joy 
of your baigün." 

" Ab I but Mfb. Plumpton don't know all," remarked Proddy ; 
** tbe worrfs bebind." 

" What I is there anythine more dreadful in störe 7" asked Ihe 
housekeeper. " Whal ia it ? — wbat ia it ?" 

" I was enjoined by tbe seijeaat not to teil — but I can't belp 
it," replied Proddy. " He's mabhiep T 

" Manied !" screamed both ladies. 

" Yea — married," repUed Proddy ; " and to a Dutch yromaa, 
and he's bringin' ber bome with tum." 

" Well, I bope he won't lel me see her, or Fll tear her eye» 
out — tbat I will r cried Mrs. Tipping. " BlesB ua I wbat'a the 
matter with Plumpton ? Why, if the poor fool isn't goiuff to 
^nt" And her womanly feelings getting the better of^ier 
rivaliy, abe ßew to tbe bouaekeeper, who feil back in tbe chair, 
and tried to revive ber by sprinkling water over her face. 

" This b real love, or I kaow notbing about it," said Proddy, 
regardinff Mrs. Plumptoa with mucb coucem. " I wisb I badn't 
alwmed Der ao." 

And without awaiting her recovery, be quitted tbe house. 

On tbat Game evening, Bimbelot called upon tbe ladies, and 
was enchauted by the news which be leamt irom Mra. Tipping. 

" Ma fcü r he ezclaimed, " bere'a a pretty concIusioD to de 
aeigent'a g&llant career. So he bas lost a leg, and an arm, and 
an eye, and ia mairied to a Dutcb crow — ha, ha I You aay be 
is hourly expected. I sali call to-morrow eveuing, and aee ii be 
is retumed. 

So tbe next erening be came, accompanied by Sauvageon, 
and found the two ladies and Fishwick in the kiteben ; but as 
yet Qotbing had been heard of tbe aeijeant, nor had cven 
Proddy made bis appearance. Mrs. Plumpton seemed vety 
disconaolate, sigbed diamally, and often appued ber aproa to 
her eyes ; and tbough Mrs. Tipping endeavoured to look in- 
different and BComful, it was evident ahe was not the reveise of 
comfortable. 

" I bope Tou'll revenge yourself on de periidlous aergent, ma 
cb^re," said Bimbelot to tne latter ; " let him see tbat if he has 
got a Dutcb wife you can matcb him wid a Frencb busband — 
ba,bar 

" It would aerve bim rigbt, indeed," replied tbe lady. ** Pll 



'1 



THE CODAT OF QUEBIT ANNE. 15 

" Wbat a creatnre !" ezclaimed Mrs. Tippingi toseiog ber 
head Bcomfullv) and arrangiDg her pinners; "what an ojus 
creature I I sna'nt speak to ner." 

" I sappose I mu8t though," sighed good-natured Mrs. Plump- 
ton. " Oh that it should come to thls, after all bis promises and 
fair Bpeecbes !" 

" Sbe's no grrat bcautr, it most be owoed," BÜd Fishwick, 
Crossing bis haods over iiis pauncb, and examioing tbe Dutch 
ladv at bis leisnre. 

By tbis time, tbe serjeant bad drawn ncar tbe group. His 
countenance grew more rueftd eacb moment, and be nad lo clesr 
bis tbroat to bring out tbe words, " Ällow me to introduce you 
to Mre. Scales. Katryn, myn lief — Mrs, Pbimpton." 

As tbe introduction took place, tbe fat littte lädy niade anutber 
ducking courtesy, and lowering ber fan at tbe samc time, dis- 
covered a broad puffy face covered with patcbes, a large double 
chin, a snub nose, and round protruding eyes. Sbe was so 
Tcry, veiy plain, that Mrs. Pbimpton stoiS agbas^ and Btopped 
midway in Ber courtesy as if petnfied. 

"Ah! diable, corome eile est jolie?" cried Bimbelot. "J'ai 
un grand envi du bonheur de notre vaillianc sergent — ba, ha P 

" Et moi auEsi," laiigbed Sauvageon. " Sa est femme sedui- 
sante comme un tonneau de graisse.'' ' 

" My wife speaks Englisb very well, Mrs. Plutnpton," said 
Scales. " She will be bappy to converse with jou." 

" Yas, I sbege Engelscn bcry bell, Mrs. Blumbdon," said tbe 
Dutch lady. 

" What do you think of ber ?" demanded Scales. " Sbe's 
accounted a great beauty in her own country. She was calied 
' De Vat Haring van den Haag,' or the Bloater of tbe Hague, 
which was estecmed a great compliment in that place." 

" Yas, Pm taut a grade beaudy in my own coundry," sim- 
pered Mrs. Scales. 

" Tbere's no accounting for tastes," muttered Mrs. Plumpton. 
" But do you know, serjeant," she added, aloud, " I think your 
wife vcry like Mr. Proddy — so likc, that I should almost nave 
fancied she might be bis sister," 

" Vat docs she say ?" demanded Mrs. Scales, agitating her faa. 

" She says you'rc vety like a rcspectable friend of mine — one 
Mr. Proddy, the queen s coachman," replicd Scales. 

" Oh, Mynheer Protty, Pve beard you spege of him beforc," 
replied his wife. " He musd be a bery gootlooging man, dat 
Protty, if he's lige me." 

" He ü very goodlookiog," affirmcd Scales. '* You'Il see him 
by and by, I dare say." 

" Ob yes, he's stire to be bcre presently," said Fishwick. " I 
wondcr be faasn't come before this. CMsbobs! she ia uncom- 
monly like Proddy, to be eure I" 

TOL. VI. C 



16 BAIMT JAHBs'b: ob, 

" Wont you allow me to present mj wife to you, Mis. I^p- 
ping?" saia Scales. 

" No, I thank'ee, seijeant," repUed the lady. glanciiig ecom- 
iully over her Shoulder, "Horrid wretch I" sne added, bb if to 
heäcAL 

" Well, at all events, yoa may sbake faands with me," said 
Scale«. 

" You've only one band left, serieant, and it voald be a pity 
to use it unneceBsarilj," rejoiiied Mrs. 'Kpping, pertly. 

" Well, I didn't expect such a receptiou as this," said Scales, 
dolefully. " I thousbt you would be ßlad to see me." 

" So we ahould, if you faad come back as you went" replied 
Mrs. Ilpping ; " but you're an altered mau oow. I always told 
you, if you loet a limb, I'd have nothing to 8^ to you." 

" Your wouuds would bave made do dififereoce to me, serw 
jeant, if you hadn't put a bar between us," said Mrs. Flnmpton. 
" Oh, dearl youVe used me very cruelly V 

" Husb I not so loud," cried the seijeant, «inking and pomting 
at his Bpouse. 

" Vat's dat you zar, madam?" demauded Mia. Scale& "I 
hope de se^eont hasn t beec maagin luv to you." 

" Tes, bat he has," cried Mrs. Tipping ; " he made love to 
both of US, and he promised to mony hoia of us, and he vxndd 
have mamed both of üb, but fbr tou, you old Dutcfa monster T 

" Is (lis dme, madam P" cried Mrs. Scales, her fiice toniing 
crimson. " Fll believe you, but I wond dat saacy slud." 

" Barbarous as be is, I woot betray hiiu," murmured Mn. 
FlumptoD, tumine away. 

" Ii you wont Sclieve me, you old mermaid, ask tbose gentle- 
meu," said Mra. TippiDg. "Theyll confinu what Fve suted." 

" Oui, modame, rej^ed Bimbelot, stepping fmrrard, "je 
suis bien fach^ — aony to teil you dat de sergent did make lore 
to both dese ladies." 

" Silence, Bamby T cried Scalegi 

" No, I shan't be silent at your bidditu^" rejoined the valet 
" Wc lai^h at your threats uow — ha I ha I And he sniqiped his 
fiogers in the serjeant's face. 

" Ye^ yes, we laugb at you now," said SwmgeiBi, imitating 
the gesture of his companioo. 

" Cowords r* ezclaimed Scales. 

" Whom do you call cowards, sare?" demanded Bimbelotj 
stnding up to him, and grinniug fiercely. 

" Yes, whom do you call cowards, sare 7" odded Sauvageon, 
Btepping forwmrd, and grinning on the otber aide. 

" Both ; I call you both cowards — arrant cowards," lepUed 
Scales. " You woiJd'nt have dared to do this for yoor Uvea, if 
I hadn't beco disabled." 

llie Freocbmen meditated some oitgiy letort, bat Mrs. Scales 



THE OODBT Or QDSEN ANNE. 17 

poafaed tbem aaide, ci^ing, " Leave bim to me. I're an ao 
couDd to seddle wid bim. Give me back my g^dere, zir. 111 
be diToized. I'il so bag to Holland. l'U leave you wid your 
fioe mizzizes here. 

" Well bave notLing to do with bim," said Mra. 'npping. 

" Answer fcH- younelf, Tipping," rejoiced Mn. FlumptOD. 
" I can forgive bim aDyttung." 

" Bless y<m I bless you !" cried tbe Berjesot, in a voice of deep 
emotion, aod wiping away a tear. 

> " Give me my eilden, I zav," cried Mrs. Scales, rappii^ bim 
iritb ber &11. " IVe dooe wia yoo. 111 go baa." 

" Ybb, ^ve de lady ber money," cned Bimbelot, comiiiff 
bebind bim, and trying to trip up bis wooden leg. " Ab, ahl 
mon brave, you are prettily ben-peck — ha ! ha T 

" Ooi, ooi, de gray mare is clearly de better horse," cried 
SauTaeeoQ, trying to knock tbe crutcb from beneatb bis arm. 

" Ab I rascala — ab, cowardfi 1 111 teacli you to play these tricke T 
roared tbe Bcneant in a voice of tbunder, and abaking them off 
irith a force tbat sstonisbed them. 

But wbst was their terror and amazemeDt to see bim alip bis 
ri^t arm out of tbe sliog, pull off the bandage and produce a 
liuid beneatfa it, Bound and uninjured, and bard and homy sa tbe 
otber. Wbat wa« their surprise — and the surprise of every one 
ebe, except Mra. Scales— to see him unbuckfe a slrap bebind, 
caat off bis wooden le^ and plant his rigbt foot firmly oa the 
groond, nving a great stamp was he did so. 

" Can I beUeve my eye» r cried Mrs. Flumpton ; " wby tbe 
se^eant is himaelf again?' 

" Milles tonneres I" exdümed Bimbelot, in aflT%ht — " que 
signifie cela ?" 

" It signifies tbat a day of retributioo is arrived for you, rascal," 
replied &ales, attocktng bim about tbe back and legs with tbe 
crotch. "Thia will teacb you to waylay people in the park. 
And you too," be added, belabouring äuvageon in tbe same 
manner — " bow do you like tbat, eh, rascals— 4D, traitors T 

And be putBued them round tbe room, while 'Mrs. Scalee as- 
sisled him, liicking them aa they fled before her, and displayin^ 
in her exertions, a tremendous pair of calvea. She bad iust 
caugbt hold of the tails of Bimbelot's coat, and was cuffing nim 
soundly, wben be jerked himaelf away from her, and puUed ber 
to the ground. In fidling, ber bat and cap, t(^ther with a false 
beod m bair, came off. 

" Another miracle P exclaimed Mrs, Plumpton, running up to 
ber assistaace. " Wby, I declare, if it isn't Mr. Proddy auer alL" 

" Yea, yes, it's me, sure enough," replied tbe coachmam, get- 
ting up — " ha, ha I Oh dear, these stavs are sadly too tigbt for 
me. I aball he squeezed to deatb — ho 1 ho ! " 

At this moment, tbe aeijeant, having driven out botb tbe 



18 SAIHT JAHSS'S : OB, THE CODBT OF acBEN iJSSS. 

Fienchmen, came back, aocl, claspiog the unresisting MrsL 
Flumpton in bis ums, beetowed a heart^ smack upoa her lip. 

" You'll forgive me for putting your affection to this tnal, I 
hope, my dear," he said. 

" That I will," replied Mra. Plampton — " ihat I will" 

" I'U furgive you, too, serjeant," said Mis. Tippiog, nudging 
bis elbow, " though jou don't deserve it." 

Without saying a word, Scales turned and clasped her to bis 
breast. But the embrace w&s certainly not so nearty as that 
which he had just bestowed on the bousekeeper. 

" Well, I hope jou've taken care of mj room in mj absence P" 
8Üd Scales. 

" Come and look at it," cried Mrs. Flumpton; "you'll find 
it just as you lefl it." 

" Yes, come and look at it," added Mra. Tlpping ; " weVe 
cleaned it regularly." 

" Thank'ee, thank'ee !" rejoined tbe-seijeant 

" Your drum's as tigbüy braced as my bodice," said Froddy, 
" Ob dear 1 I wiah somebody would unlace me." 

The coachman being lelicved, they all adjoumed to tbe den, 
and as tbey went thither, Scales observed to Mrs. Flumpton, that 
be should never (brget the way in which she had received him, 
aayioK, " It had made an ioeffaccable impression ou bis heart." 

" ^eSaceable fiddlcstick I" ezclaimed Mrs. Tippiog, wbo over- 
beard the remark. " As if she didn't know you were shamming 



all the while. Why, bless your simplicity, serjeaat, did you think 
you could impose on us by so shallow a device ? üo such tbing. 
We saw through it the moment you c 



The serjeant looked increduious, but at tbia moment be reached 
tbe den, and bis tboughts turned in anotber cbannel. 

He besitated for a second, and theu, with a somewhat trem- 
bting band, opened the door, and passed in. Everything was in 
ita place — tbe plana, the portrait, tne gloves, the sword, tbe sbot, 
the meerschaum, with the drum etaodJDg on the three-legged 
stool. 'I^e seijcant surveyed tbem all, and a tear gliatened in 
bis eye. He satd notbing, but squeezed Mrs. Plumptou's band 
■afl^ctionately. 



THE WBONG OMNIBUS. 

Br A r&TlICIAII, COKTIKSD IN BXSLAH. 

I VAS sent for, on« cold December eTeoing, to vüit a patient residing 
at Shoreditch. M7 own dnelling was near St. George's Cturch, 
Blomnsbury. The weather waa verj intense. The snow lay upon 
the gronnd to the depth, in many places, of two feet. Accidents were 
happening everr momenL People with pinched noees humed along 
the Btreeta; and beggars, beneath archwajs, beBought 70U to hare 
pitr npoQ them for the love of God. 

It bappened that erery cab was off the nearest stand, and time was 
nrgentlj presaiDg. I faaatened, thereforei into Holborn, and hailed 
the firat Omnibus, which was bouod, as I im^ned, for the part of tbe 
town whither mrprofeasioiial avooationa c^ed me. It was not tili 
ve had reached Whitechqtel Church that I discovered mj mistaker 
aad " Hine älm laehrynue, 

" Ho, there! — ho, ho!" I cried out. 

" Now, sir — Whitechiqi«! Church. Yoa are the gentleman that 
«dked for Whitechapel Church, an't jouT" said tbe conductor. 

" Whitechapell No, confound joa, I said Shoreditch!" 

" Blesa 70U, we don't go Shoreditch." 

" Ton told me you did. Snrely I am not at Whitechapel! 111 
pull yoa np for tbis." 

" Vou are a merry gentleman. Wholl you pull up? 'White- 
chapeir criee I. ' Hol I'm for that part,' says you. In yon gets, and 
now you grumbles." 

" Doo't pay him, sir," said a snuU, chuckling roice, inaide ; " I am 
■Iways getting into wroi^ 'busses myself, and I never pay; rides cmne 
cbeu) that way — he, hc, he!" 

I had deteraüned, in my own mind, to withhold the fare, but there 
was something so jeering in tbis remaik, and the laugh with which it 
was followed up, that I paid the eixpence, and aüghted. Curaing my 
tnishap, I cast my eyes abont to discorer some mode of conveyance to 
my original destination. There were no vehicles witbin call, so I put 
my feet into motion, and hurried off to reacli onc. Tuming an angle 
in the atreet, my steps were arreated by the groans of a woman, who 
was itretched npon the causeway. I stooped, and found her bUeding 
■t the nec^. 

" Good God!" I exclaimed; " who has done tbis?" 

She made an effort to answer me, but the «niud died in her throat. 

I raiaed a ciy for the poHce, but, as usual, wtien their Services are 
reqoired, nooe of them were to be found. 

" My poor woman," I said, *' who has assanlted you?" At the 
•ame time I lifled her from the parement. 

Hie blood flowed copiously from the wound, which had eridently 
been inflicted with tome sbarp Instrument, and my sleeves and dresa 
were saturated. Casting a glance upon the pavement, I bebeld k 
large knife glittering in the rays of a hunp which ahone from a neigh- 
bouring doorway. 

By this time, the attention of those who dwelt near the spot was 



20 THE WBOHO 0HHIBD8. 

elicit«d hj my repeated ehouts, and more tban one door and «indow 
opened, aad two or tbree persona made thdr appearance. 

« Wliat's the row?" cried one. 

" Wliat'a up?" exclaimed auother. 

" Who haa hung himBelf?" chomsed a third. 

" Hy friends, come hither, and help me. Here is a woman dying 
through fool pla^," I cried. 

Soon a littla crowd had gathered around, and liglitB were branght; 
bttt the womon had died in my arme. 

" How pale he looks!" noted one, obaerving my featnrea. 

" How he Bhakea!" eaiA auother. " Majb« he did it himaelf 

" m snear I saw him with her ten minntes ago!" exclidined s 
third. 

" He looks guilty. He bas got a gaDoW swing in his coantenancei" 
ftTeired a fourth. 

Whj, I know not, anlese it was the peculiar poeition that I occn- 
|ued, but my trepidation increased momently, and the blood, habi- 
toated aa mj profesaion had rendered me to the aight, becsme 
nauseous, and I appeared to reel beneath the reflection of Üie gory 
hues that danced eveiywhere before me. The crowd, too, cloeed in 
aroiuid me, and the frosty air of December became, for an instant, 
anltiT as the parching breath of the siroc 

" Let me have &eah air," I cried, " or I shall faint" 

" He wants to escape — tbat's bis move," was the response. 

Ät this moment three pollcemen arrived ti^ther. 

" fie is the mnrderer," Boid two or tbree^ pointing dmultaneoiialy 
towards me. 

" Here's tlie knife be did it with," stdd one individoal, picking up 
from the pavement the weapon with which the deed bad certäiidy 
been committed. 

" Her name U Nanny Simmona," deposed auother. " I know her 
welL Sbe lives in Swallow-street; and ttiis gentlemaa ia a doctor 
tbat naed to Tisit her." 

"Are yon a doctor, sir?" qnestioned a policeman. 

" I am a doctor," I answered; " bat tbere is some mlstake faere.* 

" Hark to him, the dirthy vagabone," shooted an Irishwoman. 
" Oh, there's no mistake, my jewel. Think of bis cotting tbe crator's 
tliroat in a mistake." , . 

" / cut her tbroatT I exclaimed; " I foimd her lyiog here with 
ber throat cnt, and I cried for belp." 

" Ab, but you did it yourself for all that," said a stout fellow, in ■ 
coalheaTer's dress. " I know the woman; I saw her, not twenty 
minntes ago, Standing by the chnrch. ' Good night, Missis Simroons,' 
■ays I. ' Fm waiting fbr the next "bos,' says ehe — ' Stutej BiQ'a 'bna. 
There's some one I knows Coming in it. Maybe I ehall have aome 
worda with him to-night, so it wont be ffood night, d^ see.' Hiem 's 
jost her words." 

"Well, I didn*t see the woman, bttt I saw this one (pointing to me) 
get out of 8an(7 Bill's 'bus, not tea minutes ago, and it was by th« 
äorch, too," said another. 

" We must mo7c off to the Station," said a policeman. " Tom, go 
for a Streicher, and take up the body. You must come with os, sir,* 
ti^ping me on the sboaldcr. 



22 THE VBONa OBINIBU8. 

told me he was tLe fatLer of her child. She was a widow. Her huB- 
band bas been dead many }'euB. She has a cbild about ons year and 
a half old. She said a doctor was ita father, and that he used to coms 
and give her money. I saw htm one day Coming along tfae street, 
and I pointed him out to her, and asked her if he wou the father of 
her chUd, as I knew he used to call and see her? She anawered that 
he was." 

"And can j'ou swear that the person now before jou is the gentle- 
man whom you eaw on the daj you allude to, and whom the deceased 
Said was the father of her child?" 

" I can Bwear it: he is the same." 

Another witness deposed to obeerring the woman Standing hy the 
church, and afterwards seeing me alight from an onmibus, upon which 
she naiked awsj^, and I followed her. 

A fourth witness etated that the deceased had informed him that she 
had quaireUed with a doctor, who was the father of her child, and 
that she had not seen him for a month, but that she expected him 
that night, wben she hoped to make it up nith him. 

I here claimed right to make an Observation. 

Scarcely had I commenced to speak, when eome one remarked, in 
an undertone, that toy teeth chattered. The; did, certainlj. The 
inspector conunanded silence, and awaited mjr gpeech, but the ardonr 
had passed oS, and I was unabla to utter & word. On such a charge 
bül could not be acc^ted, «nd I was locked up on suspicion of 
murder. 

Never shall I forget the horror of that night. The certainty that 
immediate intelligence would be dispatched to the press, and that on 
the following moming my name would go forth to the world as the 
Buspected perpetrator of so horrible a deed — the damning evidence, 
every whit falses with which destiny aeemed resolved to work my 
ruin — my own palsied powers — the abstraction of my facultiea — ^the 
tremour I had eicbibited during the Inquisition at the statioD-bouse — 
all would be publiahed, and would co-operate against me in the public 
mind. I was frantic at the thought. I sat in my naiTOw cell, and 
gnawed myfingers; then, rousedintomomentary madness, limpotently 
Btmggled at escape. 

The next day I was taken before a magistrate, when the same wit- 
nesses attende^ and the same and even additional evidence was gone 
into. Saucy Bill, aa he was called, the conductor of the omnbius in 
which (cursea on it!) I had arrived at Whitechapel, stated that he had 
brought me as far as the church; that I had got up at Holbom, at the 
end of King-Btreet; that I had distinctly said " Whitechapel;" and that 
on arriring at the Spot I had designated, I eadeavoured to shuffle him 
out of hia fare, and crented a disturbance by pretending that I waoted 
to have been taken to Shoreditch, and charged him with having falsely 
called his a Shoreditch omnibus. He added, that a gentleman, who 
was the only other passenger in tho vehicle at the time, and who over- 
heard the altercation, was in court, and had evidence of his own to 
give. This person was immediately called for by the magistrate, and 
proved to be the individual before spoken of, with the small chuckling 
Toice. Ho corroborated the fellow'a atatement of my attempt to 
swindle him out of his fare, and arowed his belief that I was the mur- 



34 TBE WBona ownBnB. 

Bliarp. H« seemed anxiouB to bare it very diarp. He made no 
obaö'vatioa whatever. I sold him the knife, uid he went bwbj." 

" Are 7011 iura that the prisoner dow in the dock is th« persoa 701I 
allode toF" uked tJie magiatnte. 

" I am podtive that be is the man," was ütK rep\j. 

" Od your golemn oath, have yon any heätation whatever in pnn 
nonaciog the priBODer to be the indiTidual who pnrcbaaed the knifb of 
jou on the d^ in question?" 

" I have no hesitation; I am certain that be u iha man." 

" CouM yon tdentify tbe knife?" 

" I could." 

" Hare jon seen it since the day on vhich yoa sold it?" 

" I have. It was abewn me bj a policeman. It is the same knife 
which was picked up on the spat wbere tbe priaoner and tlie dBCW Uiod 
were ftmnd. It ia sttüned witb blood." 

The croas-examination on the part of mj legal aasistant in no iriiit 
«hook the felloVa teatimony. It was dear and Btraightfbnnrd. The 
depositi(nu of the otber witseaaea were read orer to Ihem. Tiaij 
«cknowlec^ed them to be correct. I was committed to Newgate. 
When I was being lemoved from tbe dock, a piercing abriA nop 
tbrongb the conrt. It waa firom my wife, who had faioted. 

Night and dajr to be immnrad within fonr stone walle, or allowcd 
onlj to pace the flag-atonn o£ a paved conTt-jard, gnaided by fange 
iron Spikes, with two gaolers ever at yonr elbowt — to inbatät a eell, 
tenanted onlj hy such as bad been impriaoned for mnrder, and had 
anbaeqnently expiated their crimeB on the scafMd, — to eat joax meals 
from the same table fimn which th^ bad esten, — to reat yoar band 
on the vtTj spot where their blood-stained handa had reeted, — to be 
jourself oonaidered, to k&ow that joa are branded bj eodety, aa a 
murderer, and withal, to be conscioiiB of jear innocence, — this woold 
be borrible indeed, yon say. Well, th« case was minel 

The (dd Glreck drama recognised the notion of deatinj aa eTJating 
^wrt from all moral agendee. The web of Fate is inextricable. Tha 
Spider apreads her net, and the Sj is entangled therein. ätmggle aa 
I might, I feit that I conld not escape. How could I baffle the wit- 
nosoca, who were determined to oonfoimd me with tbe real author of 
the deed! Did not a handwriting, wMcb waa not mine, teatify against 
me, eren from tbe lipa of frien^? I bore thoee who had d^raeed 
against me no malice. I owed them no ill-wilL I fdt that tbey w«ra 
bnt insbuments in tbe band of destiny to aeeompUsh 107 predetff- 
mined end. At times I imagined that I realfy did c<Hnmit tbe terriUe 
act for which I waa incarcerated. Fw bow conld Providmce be nn> 
just? I exclaimed witb tbe antht» of the Gredan Iphigenia'^ 

" OMiya fip otfiot taifictmy iivoi Kaxif." 

It was tnie I bad no recoUection of tbe deed. I had never eren Man 
the Tictim tili I found her weitering in her blood. Tet, tbrongb 
brooding inceaaaotlT upon the antgec^ I came at length to oonsider 
myself guilty, and I resolved so to plead upon my triaL 

I was not allowed to see either a didly or weeklj paper; bot I 
imagined wdl what thej ctmtained. At first there bad been two, or 
perhaps three o^umna, devoted to the examinatJon asd the inquest 



THS WKONO <»fNIBITB. 2S 

mien tbe paUic K^ietite, previont to the trial, was wbetted witJi riiort 
paragraphä containing fresh inBpicioBB agunst the prboDer — KGOonts 
ot hü defN»tineDt in Newgate— * history of his life and ommexion^— 
mmn etricttirea oo hü Station in aociet^, ctxicliading with a hope that 
jtuüce might not therebj be defeated. 

M7 wife had not been to vint me änce my committaL Sbe had 
fUkn dangeraosly ilL Vj chiUren were withbeld from the pnrliens 
<tf apriacm. 

Nerer — tmvtt diaD I fomt the condnct of my fenovr-prüonen 
wfaaaerer thcr were snffered to befaold me, which wu only when we 
«ttended aemce in die Prison ChspeL The boey whisper, or the 
▼acant inattentive stare, was euddenly changed to ailence and aolemn 
attentkm when I appeared. Even these, hivdened aa they wer&— and 
they compiised chanctara the most reckless and desperate — eeemed to 
regard me with awe. I was a monsler for even them lo atare at. Mt 
wUl be hang, they tfaou^t. Thay looked npon traasportation, or 
protracted imprisonment, as Uuir lot. 

Hie seteionB at length ocmmeiced, The day for my trial arrived. 
I was led along the malefactor's passage^ and ptaced in Ü>e dodk. The 
coort was cnmded to exceas. My irienda were tbere. Two cooa- 
•eUora had been retained for me. The indictment was read over, and 
I was questioned whetfaer I was gnilty or not gniUy. " Gtiää/" X 
rcf^ed. Had a thondorbolt fallen at their feet, my liieada oonld not 



" How!' aaid the jodge, " do yon confew yoomlf gnilty of tbe 
nmder of Hannah Simmons!" 

** I am guihy," I answered. " I cot her throat with a knife." 

Tbere was a mnnnar in the conit, and a tfarill of borror seemed to 
agitate each breast. God knowa why I Said it It was ontrae. 

One of my friends obaerred alond, that I mnst be inaane. 

" My knd," I aaid, addreasing the jndge, " I am not iniane. I am 
WiäXj — reallygnil^of tbe deliberatemnrder with which I am charged. 
I eot the woman'a thraat with a knife." 

** TiMn," Said tbe jndge, " tbere only remwna fiw me to disdbargfk 
the paii^ dnty of paasing npon yon tbe aentenoe of tbe law. In 
iriiat way the dräadfnl deed, of which yoa bare acknowledged yonrself 
gnilty, was proroked, is known only to yonrael£ Tbe drcnmstanoe* 
attendiiy its conuniaaicHi are hidden in myatery ; bat let me aerknuly 
warn you that in the position in wbicb yon etand, and oonaidering tha 
awftd fate whidl ahortly awwts yon, the urgent du^ which you owe 
to aociety, as the only reparation, besidee yoor actnal ponuhmen^ 
which yon can make it, ia the fall disdosare of all fiKts connected widi 
yoor interoonne with the dec ea a ed " 

" My lord," I cried, intempting bim; " I know nothing aboat her. 
I nerer aaw her tiU I did the deed." 

The jndge remained silent for an instant, and regarding me atteo- 
tireh, Süd, presently-— 

" The case mnst be gone into." 

" My lord," said my leading oonnae], addresnng the bench, " it ia 
tbe opinion of the prisoner's Mends that he Is not in his right mind. 
It ia trae, they are not at present fnlly prepared to substantiate it. 
WiD your lordabip take the probability of such a itate into oonndeni- 
tion, and postpone the trial r' 



36 TUE WBONG OMNlBUe. 

I again spoke: "I asaure jOM, my lord," I Said, " th&t I am calm 
aud rationaL I am guilty of murder, and fit only for executiou. I 
am not fit to be confined with madmea. I have studied insanitf in jta 
TariouB phases; in the practice of my profeseion I have freqaentl/ 
liad to deol with tnnatic patients. I know madaeaa wheu I B«e it. I 
am not mad." 

"The case maat be gone into," eaii thejudge. " I cannot pasB 
sentence of death npon you without a satisfactoiy iuquiry. You stato 
that you never saw the woman you confess to have murdered, tili yoa 
did the deed. How then could you have previously written to her, 
alluding in your letter to a former intercourae, and intimatiDg a recoo- 
ciliation of former differences?" 

" My lord," I said, " I never aaw the woman in my life tili I cut 
her throat with a knife, which was like a pruning-knife. I did not 
eren know her name." 

*' Can this man be gnilty?" exclaimed thejudge. 

" Indeed, and indeed, my lord, I am gnilty," I said. 

It was proposed by my counsel to examine aome of my friends as to 
tbeir opinion of my State of mind. My brother-in-law was first called. 
He etated that for three months past be had observed a decided change 
in my demeauour. I had become abstracted and gloomy; was fond of 
soUtude; and seemed on every occaaion to shun Company. He said 
that my wife had grown alarmed thereby, and had several times con- 
ferred with him on the point. He did not beliebe that I had com- 
niitted the murder; but thought that I had dwelt on the subgect of the 
accusation so long, that I had come to conaider myself as reäUy guUty. 

Other witnesses followed, whose testimony was to a similar e&ect. 
The whole purport of their Statements went to establish the insanity 
of a sane person, for God— He knows that I am no Innatic 

At this point, my footman, wbo was present in the court, pressed 
finvard, and reqnested to be heard. With tears in his eyes, be de- 
clared that I conld be no marderer ; for I had the tenderest beart that 
ever beat, and would not härm a worm. My friends corroborated the 
poor fellow's Statement, and said that I possessed the finest feelingg 
and the moet merciful disposition of any of their acqnaintance. 

" Tes, my lord," said I, interposing; " but you will remember that 
Üie schoolmaater, Eugene Aram, was so mercifuUy disposed that he 
would tum aaide rather than cruah a snail, or a beetle, and yet he was 
tried for murder, condenmed, and executed." 

"I am convinced in my own mind," said thejudge, "that the pri- 
soner is not in a fit State to be entrusted with hia ovrn plea. The casa 
mnst be tried. Where are the witnesses for the prosecution? The 
counsel for the defence will watcb the case. If the evidence of the 
prisoner's guilt is clear and incontrovertible, it will be for the leamed 
counse! and his friends to establish, if tbey can, a plea of inganity. If 
there is adoubt as to his guilt, the prisoner shall have the benefit of it, 
and be giren np to his friends." 

The evidence, aa it was stated at the magistrate'a office, was gone 
through afreeh before the Jury. An eloquent defence was set up by 
my counsel. The judge evidently leaned in my favour when he 
Bumnaed up; but the jury found me — ^üly. How could they do 
otherwise? It was my destinyl 

The judge put on hia black cap. 



TU£ WRONO OHHIBU8. 27 

At üght of this awfui fonnuk, 1117 blood ran cold, and for the first 
time for many daja, I was seized with an insdnctive deaire to preserve 
m; tife. 

" Oh, m^ Lord!" I cried, folding my hands in an atütude of en- 
treatfi " I am not guiltj! Indeed, tndeed, I am not gailty ! Ifound 
the woman weitering in her blood; her throat was dreadfuUj mangled. 
The knife with which the deed waa perpetrated, was lying beeide her 
on the ground." 

A tear Btood in tbe j udge'a eye as he proceeded to pasa the eentence. 
Awful was the eilenco that reigoed throughout the court. A ray of 
snnshine Btreamed in at the window that was over the jury-boz, and 
feil upon the countenance of the judge, encircling hia head with auch 
R halo, or ghiry, oa we sce in the picturea of auperior Beings. He 
seemed a retributive angeL I t&ought of the Bar before' which the 
Dead shall stand when they are brought up to judgmeut at the Day of 
Daye. 

" You will be tsken to the place from whence you came," aaid the 
judge, " and from thence to the place of execution, where you will be 
hnng by the neck tili you are dead." 

" Ob God!" I cried; " will no one save me?" 

I was removed to the cell which I had qnitted. They brought nie 
refreahment. The physicians of the prison feit my pulse, and ordered 
me wine. I requested to be allowed to eee my wife, or at least, my 
eldeat child. Drowsinesa overcame me, aud I Elept. 

When I awoke, the apartment was filled with face;, many of which 
I bad formerly known in the exercise of my profession. Two or 
three individuala pressed forward and shook me by the band. They 
regarded me attentively. They seemed to await the arriTal of Bome 
one of more experience than themselveB. They spoke in whispers, 
and ffhen I uttcred a word, they nodded aignificantly to each other. 

He whom they expected came at last. I knew him. He was the 
physicion of Bethlehem Hospital. " Perbapa," I thoi^ht, " they will 
save my life by hia means. It is a good idea; I will be a madman if 
th^ chooae!" 

I knew they would not hang a lunatic. 

He spoke to the sheriff who waa prescnt, hut I could not cateh the 
purport of big remark. He examined me os I would have examined 
mysclf a person suspected to be insane. He questioned me on vorious 
mt^ects, and seemed particularly to note my auswera. Hia medieal 
bretbren, — mine also, — listened to him, and were complacent when he 
consulted them. 

I gathered from tbelr conversation that my wife was dead. Again 
I did not wtsh to live. I told them that I was not mad. I described 
the TariouB forma of inaanity, and I dcficd them to prave that I was 
insane. I prayed that my sentence might be carried into effect. Yes; 
I looked without horror to the scaffold. I entreated to be allowed to 
die. 

They left me not to myself, for tbe gaolera were erer with me. 
There was no poker in tbe cell, nor was I, on any occasion, allowed a 
knife. 

I Bot down and considered the aensationa which former prisonera^ 
who hod occupied that cell) must have experienced, when they had 
yet two days to live,-^when tix hours,^wben two,^wben one. 



S8 THB WBOHO OHKIBüa. 

I eadeavoored to recollect a French voA which I bad recently 
read, and which described, in bis own woiHa, the laat äx ireeksof the 
life of ft criminal condenmed to die. It was by Victor Hugo. It ran 
thtu: — 

" Condamn^ a morti CJnq semünes qae j^iabite arec cette idia 

■" I could not Continus it, bnt I remembered that the maltt- 

factor'a littlo girl, an infant, was allowed to see bim, that ha might 
take bis leave of ber. I wished to eee mj cbildren. 

The isj before that appointed for tke eveiU, they told me it was not 
to take place. I bad been prononnced ituane. I laugbed when I 
heard it. Insanet 

I was removed biüier, and it ia now six ^ears since I have dwelt 
among rnadmen. At my eameat reqaaat I am allowed at times to 
discoorse with them. It is a proriace of my profesaiaii to obserre 
those wbo are iosane. Wben tiiej let me free, I sball profit bj what 
I bave leamed here. From many I have gathered their biBtorit& 
Bational bistories, recorded hj inaane mea. A paradox! 

I will publisfa tbem here^ler, when they give me my Uber^; or, 
now that I am allowed writing materiala, I will <xminil them to ftftt 
while they are fresh in my memory. 



A LAPSE OP FORTY TEARS. 

BT MADAM» OB CHATBLAIK. 

" CrRKAT wita jiimp," it ia laid — or, to obc a more el^:ant, becanse 
exotic phrase, ää aneh' io ttm pittore. The derer, thoagh now half- 
fiirgott«n author of the " Hermite de la Chauss^ d'Antin," tella ui 
that he kept a diary of all bia actions, from bis yontii upwards; in 
proof whereof, he ahewa ns the frivoloua day wasted by the yonng 
man, and the aoberer, but scarcely leaa frivolons one got tbrough by ths 
old man, and bida us look " m tbis pieture and on tbat," and draw 
onr own conclnüoDS. Uiae is simply tbia — that the yonth was father 
to the man. But to retnm to jajaäli, baving also kept a Journal as 
diligently as the hermit, and being now sixty-fire, and somewbat up- 
ward«, wbat bindera my foUowing bis cxample, and giving my ezpe- 
rience to the world ? I shall only trouble my readers with a day of 
eftch period. 

" Mat, ISOD. — Went to Tatteraall'a to conclude the pnrchase of 
the black pony for Caroline. Fine creature — I mean Caroline, not 
the pony— and she will look like a qneen npoa it. CaQed at Hoby*« 
on Äe way. The last pair of shoes were too tigbt, but I ahall kräp 
tbem for Chamber use — I mean to lie aboat in my Chambers — tbey 
loci well. My aunt has promised to eome with my couain Maria to 
Itutch with me, next time ahe drires into town. Maria is a prettj 
giri, and seema to like me, bot I think I may do better if I resolre to 
manr. 

" Drore into Bond Street, met Lady R in an open baronche, 

with her two danghtera. The eldest is a rery fine giri, but I am afraid 



A LAFSB (» FORTY TKABS. 29 

hu Utde or no fortune. She smiled u ahe bowed to me. Dntppeä in 
st Colooel N— *a. Had > lobster and a bottle of ctaret for lunch. 
Ha told me Iieul«iiaiit BUke U in love with Lady B 'a yonngest 



" Called oo Hra Summerton. Her flve danghters eacli plajed on tbe 
fUDO or mag, aad each sbewed me their drawings. Large fäioUies are 
mj avenon ; the; alwajB insist <«i oae'a sUjisg, aod are ao trouble- 
««1^7 polite. 

" Dined at home witii three fHends I had mriMd to go irith me to 

the opnnu CapbÜD J) , when in his cnps, told lu ho had heard, 

&om a räde wind, tbat Emily Fwirly bad nnezpectedlj inherited a 
large fortnne, and that he meant to propoae bef<H« the familj conld 
gneaa that he knew anjthing about iU I aent the captun home in a 
eoaeh, with mj footboy to take care of him, aa he waa not fit to appear 
in public My fnends and I proceeded to the opera: the piece ws* 
begon, so that our arrival cre^ed a little noise and busüe. I hate to 
amve in time. I weat round to vidt aeveral ladies in their boxea. 
Urs. Hartlj haa left off her weeda, and looks veiy pret^. She tcM 
ne that Henrietta B waa a veiy dcaigniog girL Went to apeak 

to Henrietta, who told me that the widow H waa a coquette, and 

wonld not be a widow long. 

" Left the opera'faonae, after the flrst act, to be in time to eee a new 
aetreaa oome out in a farce at one of the large theatrea. Her vcnce 
and peraon are ftuitleaa. I w«it behind the acenu to congiatnlate, 
•ad told her ahe will become the first aetreaa of the d*j. She ia cer- 
tainlj' a mach flner woman than Caroline. The man^er invited me 
to oome and aup with bim and the dtibntante. He had fbrgotlen hia 
pone, Bolpaid. 

** Fell aale^i reaolred to make Elmilj an otBx to-ioomnr mtmiing." 

" Hat, 1840. — ^Took an airing in mj nephew'a phaMon. Jack 
drirea too iäat : be nj9 it is owing to tbe march of inteltect I ehonld 
haTe pre f erred Walking if it had not beea for tbe goot llioee last 
booto were oimfomidedlrAigfat. Ja<^ drore me bome Arongh R«g«it 
Stoeet, whwe ha aaid he aaw a great many {»«tty girla, bnt I thlnk 
Uteynaed aomdiow to be prettier. Bond Street ia narrower, and waa 
more coorenient fbr leeing one'a acqnuntanee cm the other «de of 
Ae wajr. StA said be oonld not dedde whether to many for lore or 
fir mon^. I told him love waa bad, and ntoaej worse. Tbe rogna 
Aaa owned he waa in love with a pmiicmleaB girl, and begged me to 
persnade hia father to approre of the match, I promised mj aaeiatanoe. 
Jack helped me ont of hia phaetOD very carefullj. 

" Hj oonain Maria caUed to aee me, with her two pretty grand- 
dai^lilerB. It ia very oooaiderato of her to oome and aee an old man 
«• <rflen as ahe doea. Haria is alwaja ebeerfnl, and haa wom vastlj 
weU. She does not kxA her i^e. I might bave been rerj hapf^ 
if I hnd marrisd her ; she m^ea her hone •■> onnfortable. I often 
wiab Emily had refnaed me. I wonder why ahe eloped ao verj aooo, 
■aoe ahe Üked me wdl enoi^ to many me 1 

" X.J phjsician looked in to know how I waa. He aajs I mnat go 
tn with the abatemiona ^atem. Bead tbe newapqters. Saw a benefit 
«nnonnoed fi» an <dd aetreaa, Miss B , who 1(A tbe atage twen^ 



»?era 



THE BATTLE PLAIN OF IMUA, NOW EL'ÜMK. 

BX V. FSANCIB AIITSWOBTH. 



The Plün.— Delay in ibe Truii«rt.~The Cmaudcrg al the Iroa Bride«>— I)«f«at 
of tbg FalmjrcDes. — The AcropoliiofCjrrhestica. — Battles of VenlidioiiDil !he 
PtrthiBiu. — Amce. — GK»rapbj of thc Crusade*. — NsTigatioD of the Lake of 



Antioch. — PrlicBaa and worka, — BatUe of JCnoporai EncampmeDtB of tbe 

Tnikomu«. — Mannen and Cotionu. 

Tbe piain, to the description of whicli tbe progress of the expeditioa 
next leada oa, occupies an important tract of country in North Syria, 
■od it poaaesKS many featurea of high interest, in an historical and 
politic^ as well u in a merely econonücol and descriptire point of 

Averaging a meon elevation of three hundred and giTty feet above 
the level of the aea, and wateredbj aeveral rivers; its lower or central 
part ia occupied b; the take called Dcnghiz Aghü, better knowa as tbe 
Liake of Antioch, and whieb hos a Tarious exteiit of from seven to ten 
milea, and an area of from sixty to seventy. This Inke ia encloaed on 
every aide by extensive marsbes, and beyond tbese are grasay plaina, 
interspersed here and tberc, by great trocts covered with flowering 
plant«, chiefly of the natural families eompoiiltü and umbeUifera, or 
of the thiatle and hemlock, or parsley tribea, and wbich attain so laxu- 
riant a gronlh, os to form at timea itnpenctrable tbicketa, and even 
irhen pcnetrated, to overtop a man qr horaeback. Snakea alao attain 
» gigantic aize in this jungle, and during our residence at Huräd Füabü, 
we killed one which measured fifteen feet in lenglh. 

Thia great piain is tcnantedby Turkomansofthe tribe of Rel 'Anlü, 
and there erc atao some stationary villages of Arnbs and Syriana on 
the borders, which are marked on the one eide by the well-defined foot 
of the lofiy Armanas and Khosua, on the other by the tower, woodless, 
and rocky ränge, called Em-güli Tilgh, or the Mountain of the Lake 
of Em, probably anotljer corruption or abbreviation for tbe Lake of 
Imma or Emma. To tbe north it is bounded by the less diatinct ränge 
of Jindaria, trhich separates the valley of ihe Klim Sii, or Black 
Water, from that of the 'Afrin; and to the south, by the hilla of An- 
tioch or Anti Caaius, which leave an opcning in the sonth-east, to the 
Valley of thc Orontea, constituting thc renowncd Cojlo-Syrio, 

n^him P&shä madc an attcmpt to bring part of ihis luxuriant plain 
into cnltore, and for this puqwse, Syrian pensants tvere broughtdonn 

• ThiiphiniidnHÄiiinated that ofCyrrhm.byKinneir, imrhiihlKiifollowea 
tnr Bell, io bi* " Sfilrm of Oenpn)>b*,'' where it is dvtcribid ai a TasI *Dd fertile 
^aio, taflclrut to inpport all Syria *ilb com. But thii onme i« Trry ohjeclionable, 
■■ Dot beiDg Dsed by anelenu nr modenii. Cvrrhui, iccordiog to [he '' AotomDe 
ItiDenry," OB! lortj-two Roman m'iln from Bcriea. or Ati'iii>o, and taeWe from 
Gliia, Dov Killt ; Ttokb «hieb, accordmg in Colonrt l'hwncT. ihe miDS nf Corot ITfl 
■iateen milet diilant. It >ai, ilw, accnrdiofrtofbeTheoäniiaD or Peatingtiian 
Tahka, ihiity-iix Romao milvibi-joD^GuideruF, which i> iti''lf«e*eral milea north 
af Iha plain. Sirabo, perhap* mate accuratrly, «alli it ibr Flain of Antioch. It 
■ppean, howL-ver, more geormlly tn biiTp be*u dmignalFd afler Ibe towD of Imma, 
wnnen Emma in tbe belore-inrnlioned tablei. «hieb vu more pinlcularly on tbe 
ylaia t and of which its modern appelliilon, £1 'Unk, «ppean to be a c«mi[H 
tion. 

TOU TL D 



32 THE BATTLB FLAIN CW IHHA, MOV BL' UIIK. 

from the well-tUled plain of Dana, in die Em-göli T&gh, but owing to 
the oppodtioii of the Turkomans, the experimeut did not sucoeed. 

Diüring the excursions previously detaoled, thingBremomed in pretty 
nearly the same coadidon M Amelia Depot. The Commander of tlü 
eKpedttion was provided with a powerful Ferm^, irom the Sultan, 
to secure the transport of the material acroas the oountrj that iuter* 
vened between the sea aud the river Euphratee, a distance of 1 1 1 
miles, and the CoobuI- General in £^pt was engaged to secure tbe 
Submission of Mehemet Ali to ita provisions, and his co-operation in 
the undertoking. But whether it was that the territory in which the 
traneport was to take place, belonging at that time, aa far as to the 
rirer S^ur, to the Egyptian Satrap, rendered Limjealous of acknow- 
ledging Turkish authoritj therein, or whether he viewed the commu- 
nication to India bj the Euphrates, as interfering with his own 
favourite project of facilitating the way hj the Ked Sea, and in which 
bis intereste would be always more directly invoJved, it ia difficalt to 
say; probably both combined agünst the expedition; and too wüj to 
openly oppose what had met with the support of the British govem- 
ment and of the King of England in person, the Egyptian ruler deter- 
mined to put avety difficulty in the vtiy of the enterprise, hj passivelj 
thwarting its progress, bj e^ poasible means that were not overt, and 
the most formidable of which, waa to forbid the nativea to assist us 
with the means of trauert 

It was in voin that the country was ransacked fbr camels, bullocks, 
and horsea. The coneul and merclianta at Äleppo met with the same 
inexplicable refusal from tbe Arabs to be employed on the transport. 
The agent at Antioch was unable to afford any aasistance, and the ex- 
pedition and its stores la; crowded in a little point on the sea-abore, 
like a atranded ship, unable to move in anjr direction. 

The Unding of tbe atores, now terminated, had not been unattended 
bj danger. Tbe surf on the bar impeded its progress someümea for 
äaje together. On one oocasion, Captoin Henderson, of the " Colum- 
biue," was going orer in his gig with four men, when the boat was 
capaized. Fitqames was pasaing at the moment, with a load, but be 
could not let go froia tbe halser, bj ud of which the landing was 
effected; and he waa onlj able to throw an oar to the captain and hia 
crew, struggling in the wsTes. Happily, howerer, they all reached 
the ahore in safety, but much exhausted. 

Annoyed at the obstacles thus put in the way of the transport, and 
in the absence of Ibr&him Püabä, who had withdrawn himself, in order 
to avoid importunities; the Commander despatched Colonel Estcourt 
and Dr. Staunton on a mission to the civil govemor of Syria, wbose 
reeidence was at Damascus, and where they met with a satisfactory 
reception, and the customary vague promises, which were never meaot 
to be fulfined. i 

In the meantime, to avoid the mischievons efiecta of idleness, the 
men were employed in putting the " Tigris" steanter together on the 
Oroutee, and trying her capsbilities; and on tbe retum of the first I 

mission, Colonel Cheaney thinking that asaistance might be obtained | 

from over the Turkish (routier, as well, also, to secure the privilege of 
cstablishing a depot on the Euphrates, despatchcd a second mission ' 

to Reshid Fäshä, the Osmaoli Ser 'Aaker, who was at that moment | 



THE BATTLE PLAST OF inu* NOV BL tWX. 33 

eogaged in ho«tiIitie8 witb the Kharzen Kords, the representetivee of 
tbe ancient Anuiü. 

Great endeaTOors were also beinf made, daring the same interval, 
to ameliorat« the ocmdidon of the roads more eapecüülj betwerai the 
iea and Antioch; on irhich line there were several ste^ emmenceB to 
be >uniKNiiit«d, and two beds of rivera Uable to eudden oveiflows. 
Captain Lynch and hia brother were at the same time engaged in de- 
termining tha moet feasible line fbr the transport to be carried across 
the higher portions of the coontiy towards Euphrates, and it wai at 
thia juncture in the expedition, and on the Ist of June, seven daja 
ftft«r our arrival at Astiocb, that the florreying pari;, having aome- 
what recovered from their first attack of eickneaa, received Orders to 
examine that part of the ronte which la; between Antioch and tbe 
more elevated diatricta. 

The road thus explored, was carried at firet nearl; due east from 
Antioch, with Anti Caaius on one side, and the Orontea, and marahes, 
and lake bejrond, on the other; tili at a distanoe of about fifCeeo 
gef^raphical milea, a bridge was attained, which was sitoated at the 
point where the broad and fertile vallej of Coelo'Syria, opening to 
the Bouth, allowed the Orontee to flow from that direction, while the 
road turned to the north-eostward. 

This, then, mu«t also have been from the neceautjr of circumstances, 
the Site of a bridge from the moet remote times. It is designated in 
the tables as Grephyra, or " the bridge," par eminence, and it appeais 
to be, also, that bridge which, constmcted b; the Fersian Satrap, 
Orontea,* gave bis name to the rirer, whicti, according to Strabo, was 
before called afW the giant, Tjphon. It is now called Jisr Hadfd, 
or the Iron Bridge, and I bare found this name, or a cormption of its 
LatiniERtion, used in the time of tbe Crusades, for when Baldwin, 
then King of Jerasalem, repaired to Antiodi, to be present at tbe cele- 
bration of the nuptials of Manuel Comnenna with Mary, the danghter 
of the deceased Raymond, Kince of Antioch, he ia related to have 
fortified the Castle of Ftinti^er, npon the river Orontee, against the 
incordoDS of the enemy. The bri^e is still defended by an arched 
gateway, abore which is a castellated building. 

In the firat advance of the Cmsaders from Mareda, (Mar'ash,) and 
on the occaaion of the first Crusade, Bobert, Earl of Flanders, was 
despatched with a thousand men-at-arms, to give summons to Artasia, 
('A^äz,) and that stronghold having been obtained posaession of, 
thraugh a rerolt of its Christian inhabitants, the army marched for- 
wards towards Antioch, but tbey were enconntered by tbe Turks at 
" the bridge" on the riTcr Orontes, and Robert, Duke of Konnandy, 
had to eustttn a severe conflict, until the comiag up of the main body 
forced the e&emy to gire way, and the Latins, psssing tbe river, en- 
camped with their army before " tbe famons citie of Andocb," the 
21stof October, 1097. 

In the month of February of the next year, the Soracens advanced 
in great foroe to the relief of the bedeged city, and the Cmsaders, 
leaving the footmen before the walls, went forth in six parties of well- 
armed horse, under their separate leaders, and dcfeated the Pnynime. 

* Theni 



34 TBE BATTLE PLAIN OF JMHA, KOV EL* ÜHK. 

It was on this occasion that Robert Cnrthose smote * Saracen through 
the ekoU, teetti] and neck, down to the shoiyder; !□ wliich feat be was 
onlf outdoDe hy Duke Giodfrey, vho clave oue of ttie eiieiny down so 
tha.t one half feil o£F, white the otlier half i'cmained in äie saddle. 
These are exploits of which modern timea do not fumiah us.with any 
paraUeb, bo much bos man degeoerated, or the mists of fiction hai^ 
becn dispelled. The Saracens did not fall, however, to return, soon, ' 
to auothcr charge, on which occasion the^wereeven still moresignally 
defeated tban before, and being driven back to " the bridge," many wera 
drowned in the Orontes. The old chronider, Bobert ot' doucester, 
has reference to this circumstance, when he says — 

" And, Ihorongh Ihe grac« of Jesna Chiist, tlie Fajiiimt tbej OTercome, 
And ileif to ground, here «.od ihere, and the other Sev snou. 
So that at B DBiTOw brig Ihere adrcuC mony od«." 

Here we birouacked for the night, and the next dsy trarelled acrofis 
tbe marsby piain, tili we aniTod nt the rivulet of Em-güli, where the 
jond divided into two branches, one of which led over the hilU to 
Aleppo, and is the same as that anciently followed to Cholcis, while 
the other was continued northwards, bj the borders of the piain, to- 
Jindaris. Not far from us at this point, was an extensive artificial 
mound, raised upon a plittform at tbe foot of the hilU; and there were 
ruinsof dwelling-houäea, and other buildings around. Tliia was the 
Site of Imma, a citj in tbe district of Antiocb, and writteu Emma, in 
the " Theodosian Tables," by ivhich it is placed at a distance of thirtj- 
three Boman miles from the capital. Ptolemy notices it in conjunction 
with Gephyra and Gindarus; but by PUny it was eironeously con- 
sidcred as being on the borders of Commagena. The site is now 
called Herein. A small tributary to the £m-gÖli Sü fluws past tho 
ruins, and upon the banks of the latter were the remüns of a bridge 
and of dwelling-houses, and a few miles further on, the traces of a 
large Ghiislian viUage, with the fragments of two churches. We- 
stopped a little beyond this spot, at a miU-streom derived from tbe 
Same river. 

As we sat in the rieh sunset, with the expansive piain before us, 
sweeping away into marsh and morass, and rclieved beyond by the 
blue expanse of the lake, a feding of melancholy interest came over 
US, to think tliat it was on this very piain, probably at this identical 
Spot, that the civilization ond rising perfection of the Polmyrenes was 
crushed by the Roman legions. An Arabian dynasty was destined 
never to he but the wonder of a day, and Zebobia herseif, a name now 
triulitionally handed over to poelry and painting, and who, though an 
Asiatic princess, poäsessed at oncu Grecian reSnement and Itoman 
hardihood, was destined to succumb before the warlike skill and for- 
tunc of the Pannonian soldier, and lo become heoceforth a Koman 
Citizen. Tille, that the indomilable Zubdas bore down the legions by 
the pi-essurc of bis cavalry, and for a time threw disorder into 
Aiireliau's rauka; but it was only to hurry on the fatal result. Tb© 
heavy armed Palmyrenn horso were led on into the mnrahy ground, 
thousands were suddcnly fixed immoveable in a dcep morass; tlie 
light armcd Romans formcd around them, and retuming upon the then 
scattcred and bruken foi'ccs, made horrid slaughter, and dcdded the 
fatc of the day; which a well-conducted retrcat along the vole of 



THB BATTLE PLADf OP lUHA, NOW EL' UHK. 35 

Ccsk^-Sjria to Emeso, and another hard-fought battle delivered before 
tbe departing glories of the Temple of the Sun, was unable to repair. 

Zorimus and other hiatorians auppose this battle to bave occurred 
nearer to Antioch, and Vopiscus idcntifies the Seid of battle with 
daphne — an almoBt impossible locolity— but we have the distinct au- 
tboritf of Sextufl RofuB, in which he is supported hy Sjncellua, Jor- 
nandes, CeUarius, and a host of others, tfaat the unfortimate engage- 
ment took place before Imma. The great featnrc of the battle, the 
daughter of the heavy PalmjTeon caTali7 in a deep morass, is what 
might have been expectcd to have occurred at thia apot, while the 
neighbourhoods of Anüoch or Dapime present no such circumstancea, 
tfae precipitoua and broken ground of the latter being espeeially uafa- 
Touräble ta the movemcnts of (»raliy. 

Had the polished autlior of the " Letters from Palmyra," who so 
efiectively sustains the deep interest feit by all in tbe fate of the city 
of tfae desert, and of its gifled queen, been well versed in the localitiea 
of the eveata which he deacribes, how much it would have odded to 
tbe perfection of his otherwise highlj-coloured descriptiong. Nature 
in tbia casc, as in manj others, surpassea imnginatiün; tlic vast extent 
of piain nnd marsb of Imma, with the deep lakc Bhodowing forth the 
ouuine of the lottj wood'Clad Amonus, and the clear, sharp air, brokea 
bj the rocks and turreted TOmparts of renowned Antioch, present a 
picture for more complete in its details, and more gorgeous in its aggre- 
gate, tbon the pen of poetry and feeling combined has been able to 
Buggest. 

The vait expanse before us, indeed, derived an interest from its very 
nokedness and immensitj', and poaaessed in aome degrce tlie soleron 
grandeur of the ocean. Nothing diaturbcd the stillness of the lond- 
scapc, tfae onlj visions of life were distant fltgbta of birds — ecarlet 
ilamingoes and lily-white crested herons — occasional Rocks of sbeep 
and goats, like little dota, on the far-otf hill-sides, and here and there a 
straggling herd of cameis or cattle, stretching, like an army, over the 
tawny waate, and attcnded by a herdaman, motionlesa as a statue, with 
his long tasselied tance tapering up into the air; wbile, beyond all, the 
broken line of a Turkoman encampmcDt, with its dark chequered tents, 
was faintly secn on the verge of the horizon, 

The next day, (June 4th,) we continued our ronte across the plain, 
tili we goined a gentle osccnt, which broug[ht us to the village of 
Jindaris, containing about fifty cottages, and characterized by its artj- 
flciol mound, or tel, upon which but few traces are now to bc met with 
of tbe Castle or citadel of ancient Gindarua, varionaly designated as 
the Acnqialis, nnd the Arx of Cyrrheatica, anddeecribed by Strabo, as 
ml Xqffijptov (vfvici " a flt rcceptocle for thievcs." 

It may be remarkcd here, that the existence of one of these tele or 
mounde is generally chamcteristic of an ancient site throughout northcm 
Syria and Uesopotamia, and in aome diatricis, almost everyTÜloge is 
gronpedaronndone,ofgreaterorlessmagnitude,forthey varyinsise^aad 
attain a varioua clevation, of from thirty to upwards of a hundred feet. 
These foctitions hiUa were designated by the oncients as atfiara, and 
Strabo describes Tyana and Zela as built on auch mounds, raised origi- 
naily by Scmiromia. llcrodotus (ii. p. 137) and Diodoma Stculus 
(i. 36, and ii. 14) uae the samo word. " For thou host made of a city 
a he^>t" (Jsaiab, xxv. 2,) is in the Grcck vcraion rendered by »c mfta. 



36 THE BATTLE FI.AIII OF IHMA, HOW EI. CHK. 

X^tophon deaignateB them, bowerer, hy the more elegant ezpreasion 
of r>lW^> " <^ mound or hill of earth." Thej are c^ed tels bj Üie 
Arsbe, teppeha b; the Turka, and n'jnks bj Üke Torkomans. 

He gfloeralitj of theae mounds are artificiallj' rsised apon tlie 
{düna, OBt of whidi they rise iike ao man; gigantic molfl-hillB; but in 
mau; cases, the existence of jntting rocks or craga, has been taken 
adTantage of, to facüitate the jnling up of materials for the purpoae of 
raising a mound on which to boild an Acropc^; at other times thej 
are ümple motmds of denudaüon — rocka wom into more or leas 
rounded hüls by currenta of water — as in Td Balkis, in the Tall^ <^ 
!Euphrates, but «Ten theae bare been aftenrarda faahioaed by art. 
Hien, again, thej appear sometiinee to have in part originated on the 
piain from the paasage of andent cnrrents of water, Iike the monnda 
of ao-called diluvial grarel, in our own oountiy; and it not nnfre- 
quentljf happens that tbej conUun boulders or targe tranapfB-tedmaBses 
t^baaalt, and other rockg; whicb, as Strabo described long ago, (p. 812), 
conatitute the kernel around which the other matteis bare acconm- 
lated, but which are also sometimes left expoaed by the gradaal remoral 
of the softer materiala. In some casea, as at 'Ak Dejavin, the motind 
is Burrounded hj Cydopean nalla formed of huge irr^^ular mssaes of 
baaalt, piLed oiie upcm another. üxaiaples of matei^ls artificially 
accumolated on rocks occur at Arsace and elsewhere; of the same piled 
on alluvia or river detritua, at Arbela, and at tfae Bal^lonian Ecbatao»; 
but it muat not be omitted to mention in thialittlehiatoiy of theotigin 
and natura of these characteristic Oriental mouuda, that in most cases, 
when thej are of Babylonian and CbsldeaD, or A^sSTiian origin, that 
the added materials are the usual eun>bumt bricka, and in some few 
caees, auch mounds were aubaequentlv cased with r^ular atone-work, 
as at the Ur of tbe Persians, and in thecaseof thecelebratedpjrsmid 
of Besen or Lariasa. 

It waa but a few days from tha annivarsaiy (June 9th, B.C. 38) of 
the great defeat of the Farthians, which rerenged, but coold not repair 
the disasters which had occurred, by a curions coincidence^ on tbe verj 
aane day, fifteen years before, on Uie plaios of Mesopotamia; that we 
were also traversing the field of battle deUrered by Facorus, tbe aoa 
of Orodes, (Arsaces, zir.,) to the Bomans ander Ventidius. 

Continuing our joumey northward, we foided the river 'A£r!n,' 
where it waa about 150 paces in width, and at a p<äDt a little below 
whioh were tbe ruina of a caatle now called Basul Eal'ebsi, with & 
neighbouring Tillage of same name. Thia caatle, which formeiij cmn* 
manded the passage of tbe river, appears to coireapond to the Heracle« 
ia Cyrrheetica of aatjquity, and which ia deacribed by Strabo (p. 751) 
as being cloee to Gindams. The aame autbor, also, elsewhere (p. 517) 
desoribes the Temple of the Minerva of tbe Cynbestides as bemg at a 
^tance of twenty atadia, or ten geogr^)hi(»l miles £rom the same 
■pot, and at or about the same diatance, we found the remaina of ruined 
uonastariea or ecdesiaatical edificea, shewing what is not uncommonlj 
tha caae, both with ChristiaDa and Mobammedans, that the traditionä 
«uiutitj of a apot had been perpetuated by new rdigiona. 

Üuo mountain, distingmahed by ita eleration, for it rises to neariy 
douhle the height of any other hill on the same ränge, and by its 
|>vciüi&r coiiicul and alraost triangulär ahape, rises in these districta out 
of thu Eiu-gOli Tügh, and is called by the Arabe ^eikh Barakat; but 



TEX BATTLS PLAIN Or lUHA, KOVT EI.* DHK. 37 

W the Aleppin«, Honnt St Simon. Tfais is undoubtedlr the Mona 
Tnpexaa of Stnbo^ at the fort of which, or in the Piain of Dana, whils 
Marc Antonj was indulging in that inglorioua pasaion which eamed 
for him the severe Fhilippio — 



TentidioB repaired the losses siutained hy tLe quaestor Saxa, by de- 
featitig the Farthian general, Fliamapatea, or Phranicate, as he is 
called by aome, and it was the year following this, that the same able 
l^iate delivered, on the spot where we now stood, that engagement with 
the Farthians in which Facorus was slain— a disaater from which hiB 
njtl father never racovered. For manj daya he refused to take food, 
and did not utter a word ; and wlien at length he spoke, he did nothing 
bnt call npon the name of his dear aon, Facorus. What a seqael to 
the triumphs of fifleen jaira before, and to the similar melaucholy 
täte of CrassoB and his son! — 



• ■•■.• Hiaeraado ftateta CrtMoa 
Anjriat Latio mamaTit nngoiae Carm." 

LimuiDB, i. 104. 

It ts cnriona that in the tezt of Diyden'a tragedy, " All for Lore," in 
wfaidi the characters of Antonj, and of his old general, Ventidins, are 
•bl; broo^t ont, the readers, bncjing that such a thing aa marshea 
ia drj, saad^ Parthia, was quit« ont of the qnestion, hare rendered 
wbot the author had evideatl^ obtained from the claaaica as " marahes," 
"marchea," and ibwX in a manner which leaves to it no distinct 
meaningv— 

■* Bt pünftal jonneyi, 
I led 'em patient oäth otbeit and haoger, 
Down fron the PaitlÜMi marcitM to the Nile.' 

The ro«d is carried Scom the vallej of the 'AMn, through ratkj 
nies and a broken countiy, tiU tfae more level districta of North Sjris 
ve attuned, and which, from this point to tbe Eui^mtea, have a mean 
deration of fifteen hnndred feet abore the lerel of the aea. At the 
head of this piain is the large village of 'Az4z divided into three dif- 
ferent pwtions, each containing about twentj-five honsest and lying 
chieflj eastward of a nearly droolar tel er moand of m»e than ordiiiar; 
magnitnde and height, bang 260 jarda in drcumferoioe at the base, 
and 90 at the top, üd having an altitude of 120 feet. 

ünder the name of Aisace tbia stronghold played a part in the 
rebeUioD of Aridins Casaina ^ainst Marc Anlonj, and it was by 
Plinj placed in the Tetrarchj called Mammise«. Fttdemj calls it 
AriMria; bnt it was nnder the varions namea of Artasia and Arthnaia 
that it eame most into notice in the time of the Cmaades. The Chris- 
tian inhabitanta roae agaänat the Tm^ aa we bare aeen at the ap- 
proacfa of Robert, Eari of Ilanders, and alaTinff tbe greater portioii 
<k them, receired the Latins into the place. After thia, it became » 
nte of mudi importance to the Crasaders,- for, hj meaiu of a italkHt 
at the Iron Bridge another here, and others at Tel Baahfr and Birtba 
weatwards, the communication was kept t^ten between the princea ot 
Antioch and the coimti of Edessa. E^fended bj the I^tina, the same 
Castle rejpelled leveral attacks made upon it at varioiw times bv tha 
Snltan of Alcppo; and it was one of tfae atruigboldB wbioh beU out 



38 THE BATTLB PLAIK OF UOfA, NOW EL' CHK. 

iMt ngainst the victorious troope of the Kurd Saläha-d-diu, our 
t$Ml(tdiu. In after times, it, in a Biiuilar manaer, opposed, bot □□- 
•ncccssfaUj', the devaatating pn^rcss of Tümur the Tätdr, who, afier 
its ciipture, beatowed much care in restoring ils fortifications. 

It i» impossible not to remark bere how much, notwithstanding the 
tUilj advance which is made in our acquaintance with the comparatiTe 
geography of the Bast, ia wauting to give accuracj and correctnesa to 
Sie detail^ of the progresa of the Crasodee, and the hietorj of tbe 
Latin poäsessiona in Syria aad Falestine. Ab they at preeent exis^ 
these bistories are oflen little better than romance; and, indecd, the 
Crusades appear to have becn long aiace given up as a theme onlj for 
poetry or fiction. It is uot that a noble exception to this presente 
. itself in the labours of such mea aa Robertson, Mackintosh, Chateau- 
briand, and Guizot, who have justly vindicated tiie pbilosophy of 
these otherwise unfortunate ent«rprise^ and which were truly not mere 
questionsof rescuinga tomb, butwarB, upon tbe eventof which hungthe 
deciaion as to whetber the Christian or the Mohammcdan religion 
should preilominate in the woi'Id. It is tliat no euch a tbing as s 
correct faiatory, in regard to sitcs, exists of tbe Crusades. The best, 
tbe Gennan work of Frederick Wilken, is wonderfully incomplete 
and unsatisfuctory in these points; and those of Mills and of Michaud 
are, in the aaroe point of vieir, utterly useless. It ia an error to 
suppose that the exploits of the Crusoders would lose in interest or 
beauty by being subjected to such a searching iuquiry. They would, 
on the contrary, in a countiy like Syris, whcre tbe natural beauties are 
so great, and the arclueological and sceuic detaib are alwaya of the 
most picturesque character, gain by it to an unauticipated and dh" 
imogined extent. 

Frotn 'Ax&z, our object being attained, we returned by tbe same 
road to Antioch. During tbe early part of this month the wagons 
brought from England, and a number of vehicles of different kinds, 
amounting in all to thirly-three, had been either constructed or put 
togethcr at Amelia depot; and a few camela and mulea heving been at 
length procured, chieÄy through the exertions of tbe British consul 
and mercbants at Aleppo, the transpart now for the first time com- 
menced: and shortly after our retum the novel apectacle was aSbrded 
to the inbabitanta of the andcnt city of Antioch of loaded wagons, 
with teama of äx borses, crossing the narrow bridge of Orontes, and 
plying their way from baneath its arcbed gateway tbrougb ita en:- 
cumbered markets and rudely paved streets. 

Thia mode of tranaport proved, however, from tbe hadness of the 
roads, to be very taborioua and dilatory; and on the 22nd of the month 
I received Orders to explore the Lake of Antioch and ita ef&aenU, 
with B Yiew to ascertain tf tbe tranaport could be assiated by water- 
navigation. I accordingly atarted the next day, in oompany with 
Mr. Bell, and we proceeded up the Orontes in a native boat propeUed 
by poles. We were not long in arrivisg at the point wbere this river 
ia joined by the K4r4 bü, or Black water, which llows out of the lake; 
and we continued our way up the latter, pasaing on our right band a 
mound isolated among tbe marshes, and on the aummit of which is the 
tomb of a holy man, to whom once a year a crowded pilgrimage is 
made. 

The two natives we had with ns as boatmen, however, made bat 



TBB BATTLS PLAUT OF IHHA, NOW EL UHK. 89 

■lour progresB, added to whlcb, nlthougli the carreot was not Strang, 
the rircr was very tortuous; aad night was Coming on npsce when 
we readied the bord«r of the lake, ao that it was not deemed adviRahle 
to venture npon the open water that night. The boat was accord- 
inglj', for secarity aake, run out of the Channel into the marsh, com- 
posed at this point of roeds, amid which occasional willow trees rose, 
thör Bged-Iooking tnmks half buried in water, After sunset the 
musqnittoes come down npon us like a cloud, and added, hj their 
incessant hum and piercing attacks, to the dismal charscter of the 
awamp. 

We were glad to start the next da; with the earliest dawn, not 
waitii^ for dajbreak, which came too tediousl; , in so grievous a posi- 
tioDj and the natire mode of propulsioa not allowing the boat to take 
the open waten, the nsTigation of the lake was performed bj the slow 
■nd röfe means of keeping to the Limits of the marsh; and the same 
day we gained the Black Water, whcre it entered the lake at its north- 
westem extremity, and were forced to pass the night in a somowhat 
amilor posiüoa bs on the other eide of the lake, onlj that the Channel 
of the river was less discemible from the number of aquatic plant« 
which neorly choked it, and which harboured numerous water- 
fowL 

The ensning day (June 25) we continued cur way up the Black 
Water, our progress being somewbat irapeded by the dose Vegetation, 
amid which beauteous nymphieas and nuphars, — naiads of the stream, 
.— made themselrcs peculiarly noticed by tlieir gorgeous beauty ; the 
oommon white water-Uly especlally attained great perfcction, its 
lai^e flower, filled with petals so as to appear almost double, expand- 
ing to a gigantic size. Nor was our progress void of life or auimation. 
Here and there a sotitary henm watched, in motionless silence, for s 
pasang fish; led Icgged storks waded in the marsh, where crested 
berons herded in troops; apur-winged plovers screeched above; bald 
coots stole away behmd tnfts of rccds or rushes; vanouB kinds of 
duck and snipe oceasionally winged their long flight away; while giant 
pelicaas sailed bravely befure us, the boat being un&blo to match thent 
in speed. 

Pelicans and storks were always objccts of interest to me. After- 
wards, when encamped at Muräd Päsh^ it was part of the evening*« 
recreation to watch these great tisher-birds coUecting from the lake, 
and its vorions affluents; tlien eddying for awhile in aerial evolutions, 
performed at a vast height, to nltimately descend on some open part 
of the piain, where they disposed tbemscdTes in a circle, so that danger 
eonld be perceivcd approaching on whatever side, and where they 
letigned themselves to a rcpoae only interrupted by the prowlii^ 
hyieno, or the savage gambols of troopa of jackalls. 

Ai to storks, there was sometbiiig that was always refreshing in 
th«r entire confidence in humanity, and their noisy and vehement 
conjugal aKction. They constttuted excellent olarum clocks, for the 
iiialeandfeinB]e,thn>wiiig their long mondiblesupon their backs, saluted 
each other by reiterated clappings at the earliest dawn. It was once 
my lot to be quartered in a town, dose by a mosque, at the time when 
the storks csme from their sontherly migr^ons to build. Oae pcrdied 
upoa my roof, which the functionoriea of the Mohammedan house of 
fmyet observing, they sent a boy to carry a baskct to the snmmit of 



40 THS BATTLB FUJB OF DUIA, NDW EL* DHK. 

tbe dorne, in Order to entice tbe Bacredblrdfrcmitlieiiifidel'BTOofl lat 
aao&t tiowevBr, sou^it also a baaket for mj Tisitor— ■ ladj stork, hy 
the b^e, fw Üie geatleman wu soaiing over her somewhö« between 
«s and the buk— and to outdo the MoBanlnuDs I added » bit <f caipet. 
"Duo, however, only increaaed tbe activity of mj rirals to win Ab 
affectianfi of the bii^ and they seut devout archins in ptinnit o£ &ogB 
and other reptilea, and d^Kwted them on the top of the drane. It so 
hi^pened, howeTer, that my honae inmiahed sn abnndant oppomtion 
mppl; of Uaards, centipedea, scorpiona, and other pleaaant creatures 
which were to be met with in every crerioe of the mad-walla, even 
in mj dormitory, and under ereiy brick that Inj about, and vhich I 
aeized with a pair of amall forceps, and laid ont for the bird's rdreeh- 
meat; bo that, although the stork did ibr a time delight the vjea of thB 
siultitnde wbjch bad aseetnbled in the comt-Tard öf tbe moaque, by 
aettUng on the dorne, it soon retomed to take ap its dwelling vith tlis 
Chriatian, a Üüag the chagrined Mohanunedsna asserted bad ners 
before h^tpened in that dty to a fallower of tbe Measiah. 

We conünoed tbe navigation of the Black Water to wbere it was 
joined by another stream &om the north-east, called tbe Egri, or 
Oraoked; and we tumed np thia latter tili we came to a bridge, which 
put an end to anj further necessities for exploration. The road Irom 
the sea to Aleppo is carried round the nortbem part of the lake at 
thia point, and it is here carried across marsh and river, and a terri- 
ttaj Uable to extensiTe inundadona at certain seosons of tbe jrear, by 
this bridge and a stone canseway nearly tfaree nülea in length, and 
called after its griginator, Muriid Fashä. If ot far from tbe bridge, 
was a tel, baving upon its sununit a village of Arabs called Göl Bäah^ 
or the " Head of tlie Lake," from an abundant spring of cJear water, 
which iaaued from a maas of basaltic rocks cropping out at the foot of 
&e teL 

Having now, by the mute, fiillowed from Bellan to Antioch, and 
ttom. Antioch by the Iron Bridge to Jindaria, combined with the 
preaent navigadon of tbe lake and its north^ly afflnenta, explored tbe 
piain of Lnma in nearly all its details, the opportunity may be taken 
to remark that the identification of the rivera at preaent existing an 
tbis piain, with auch as are described as watering the same expansa 
of territory in ancient times, presenta greater difficulties than UBtiaL 
Wa have, indeed, but one leading Statement to asaist na in this inqtdrT. 
It ia that of Strabo, wbo says, " not far from Gindama is Fagra in 
Aatiocbide, a place strongly «tuated on the road which, crosäng tha 
Ainanus,leada from tbe AmaniangateaintoSyria." PagiB denominatea 
the piain of Antioch, wbere flow the Arceuthus, the Orontee, the 
Labotaa, and wbere are also met the rindet or ditcb of Meleager and 
the river .^^oparaa. 

From the deacription here given of Pagne tfaere wonld be mucb to 
jnstify the identification of that site with Beilan; but it appears, 
acoording to Colonel Cbesney, tbat tbe castle previoualy described aa 
that of 'fba. 'Abi Däud ia also known by tbe name of Fagras EJJ'ehsL 
Concemiug the identity of tbe Orontes and the preaent El 'As!, we 
are aafe by tradition and position, originatiDg, according to Pliny 
in Ozlo-Syrio, from tba neigbbourbood of Heliopolia (Balbek); an^ 
according to Mr. Barker, äve hours north-eaat of the village of Ar Tis, 
m tbe " Honoured Head," (Abü-l-fed& Syria, p. 150). It waahed. 



TBS B&TTLB TLAIH or DfBU, NOW BL' ÜHK. 41 

ftcCfvcEng to StTBbo, smongBt others, the cidea of Apftmea and Astiodi i 
aod ita embouchare was, according to the same anthori^, at a distsnc« 
of fortj Btadia from Selencia ^Keria, shewing that, eren at tiiat pdnt, 
it diffen little frooL whnt existed in antiqoity. 

Witb regard to tlie ArcenthtiB, as it comea firat on the list, we 
CNiglit to seä for its representadTe in the Urgeat river of the plain; 
and thia is {tnsented to na in the 'AMa, a tributaiy to äe L^e <rf 
Antioch, which haa its origin in the Anis Ti^h, or sndent Arsaoo 
Mons, with which ita name appean to have some relatton. WoHs 
like Anacei, Ariarathes, Arü, Sk., all contidn the same root Ar, 
sJgDifjing, ae in die Sanscrit, Aiya, "hononred or respected." 

Tbe next on the tiat ia the Labotas, which foHowe Üie Onnit««, and 
therefor«, probabbf, adjacent to it; and frotn its name, if taiken as ex- 
preasiTe of a leaping or vanlting Btream, the aame aa the river of Em- 
gölL There onlj remüns, thrä, to identüy the river .^noparas and 
the ditch of Meleager, which appear tc^etber in Strabo's ennmeration, 
and we moat thus seek fbr thüa in tbe oofy remaining rivera of the 
piain — the Kixitü, fcvined t^ the jonction of nnmeroua tribntaries 
&am the higher countcy, and the diörter affloent, which flows beneath 
the bridge of Muräd Fkahk. 

The fact of Cttos having, in hia cdebrated expedition against his 
brother Artoxerxea, paaaed tbe pltün of Inuna, on hia waj from M^ri- 
andms to the river Chaliu (Kowelk), witboot the biatorian of the ex- 
pedition, Xenophon, having noticed either the. plain itself, the Uke, of 
anj of ita variona affinenta, haa led to many snimisea, aome of which 
have afiected the aocnracy of the histtnian; others have sn^eated 
doabta as to tbe existenoe of a lake on tbis plain at thoae remota 
periods; bnt there ts notbing in the character of the soil to nphold the 
last of these snppositioDB, for the greater put of the plain is occnpied 
bj lacnstriue deposita, formed hy the gradnal desiccation of tbe lak^ 

?>roring at once its very remote antäqui^, and at tbe same time that 
t was in former times even more exteDsrre than at present. 

It was on tbis plain, wasfaed bj- tbe .£noparaa, that Darios en- 
eamped, previoos to passing the Amanns and deUvoring the battie of 
Itaoa : and it waa on tbe same plain, that one of tbe moat complicated 
political dramas, which resnlted frcön the estaUishment of different 
govemments in the East, npoa the deatb of Alexander the Great, met 
with a fatal solntion. 

He drama here aHoded to, ia preaented to na in the nanrpatioa trf 
the throne of Demetrins Soter, bj Alexander Balaa, " Lord or King," 
ft peraon of low origin, bot who was sapported in hii pretensions 1^ 
tbe Koman Senate, and b^ the kings of Egypt, Cappadocia, and Per- 
gatniis. Fttdemy Fhil<»netor even oonferred upon bim the hand oS 
hia danghter Cleopatra. Tlie usnrper, bowever, proved himself on- 
WOTthjT of his elevation. Giving himself up to tbe pnrsuit of pleasnre, 
ha pennitted hia minister, Anunonios, to put to deatb all the members 
of tbe late rojal family, with the exception of two sona of Demetrioa, 
»bo had taken refage in Crete. Indignant at the proceedings of the 
tttarper,Ptolemytook irom bim his danghter Cleopatra, and conferred 
her on the eldest of the sons of Demetrius, marching with him, at tbe 
•ame time, agunst the infatnated King of Antioch. The armiea met 
on the plain now before us, and in the battie that ensued, tbe naoiper 
was defeated, and the throne r^ained bj its rightful cbümant; but 



42 THB BATTLE PLAUf OT llfMA, HOW EL* CHK. 

Ftoleiny died of the wotmda h« recclTed on tMs occadon; and Balas 
mai assaaataated bj an Arab chlef, with whom he songht refuge. 

Conndeting tturt Antioch occtii>ies one comer of the piain of bami, 
and that we bare in no instaace referred to historic^ facta except 
when Bome aew and intereathig geographica! light could be throtm 
npoQ the ermts of olden time, it will be seen how mach we have left 
unnoticed, and that fev limited tracta of temtoiy have been more 
etaiaed bj the btood of battlea and aullied with human göre than the 
one DOW in question. We find, under the Antioehidss, undcr the 
Romane, under the Persians, during the Low Empire, tioder the Sara- 
cens, the Crusaden, the Mamluks, Tatars, and Turks, down lo the time 
of Ibr&bim F&shi, a repetition of the same sanguinaiy scenes, which 
sometimes, indeed, by the vast destruction tbaj entaited, rivalled any- 
thing that haa been presented by anj other portion of the globe; and 
yet thia ia hy natnre a beeutifnl territory, a rieh and fertile »il, a most 
luxurifuit climate, with a dear sky, and equally pelludd waters, most 
&TOurable to the pursuit of literature and the axts, renowned for leani- 
ing, philosophy, and religion, the seat of the seductive mysteries of 
Daphne, the cradle of Chrietianity, and the so called " eye of the 
Eastem chnrch." 

What induced Strabo to connect the name of Meleager, the unfor- 
tunate slayer of the wild boar of Calydon, with a remote and insignifi- 
cant Btream on the piain of Imma, I am at a losa to discover, unless 
fbr Calydon wo were to read Chalybon, and this was the site of the 
fabulous boar-hunt; hut the fact is, that we of^n find the fahles of 
Greece repeated ihroughout the East, os we find the nome of the foun- 
tatn of Pbocis given to that of Daphne, and of Marsyas to the spring 
near Apomea. Such a repetition of names is far from uncommon. 

Having obtained horses and a guide from the Arabs of 6öl Bäshf, 
we started on a visit to Ahmet Bey, the chief of the Bei 'anlü Turko- 
mane, and who was encamped in the valley of the 'Afrin, not far from 
the lake. At the foot of the hills, to the eastward, and on the read 
from Muräd PüshA to Jindaris, were several thermal Springs, which 
presented the pcculiarity of having made their appearance at difierent 
periods — epochs genen^y markcd by carthquakes — and the tempera- 
ture of these Springs I found to vary with the period to which the 
tndition of the natives assigned their appearance, the most recent 
posseasing the highest degree of tcmperature, or 99° 5'. Another, 
-which appeared at a more remote epoch, 96° T; a third, 98°; and a 
fourth, only 77°. Notwithstanding the wannth of the water, in a 
Gountry where the mean annual tcmperature was about 66°, these 
Springs contained tortoiees, f'rogs, and plants. They were much re- 
sorted to by the natives; and Ibrahim Püshä had erected a bouse for 
their accommodation, which was aAerwards much used as a place of 
sbclter during the transport 

On our way across the piain, we passed by several encampments of 
Turkomans, at each of which we were assailed so fierccly by the dogs, 
that it was with difSculty they were prevented biting our owa or our 
>horses' heels. Tlie people themselves nerer oflered to interfere or call 
them off; and a stranger, on such occosioDS, defending himself with a 
whip or stick, or dealing playful falows with the fiat of bis sabre, hia 
faorae kicking about in cvcry direction, makes a very ridiculous figure. 



TBE ai.TTLE PLAUT OV nfMA, JtOV Et,' DHE. 43' 

which oft«) KJoices the TuAontuia Bxceedingly, We also paaaed 
through a good dal of the taU jni^Ie.previotuil/ described, and saw 
■ome very kigc enakes. 

At lei^th we omved at an encanipment, where eome signB of pre- 
paratioD, on the port of cur guide, who was not % hirod giiide, but a 
peaaant proprietor, who had volunteered bis servicea from friendly 
motivea, and a larger tent than usual, annoonced the vicinity of the 
Turkoman chief. In a moment aflerwarda, the serrants had nubed 
forward to Mize cur horses' heada, and in another, we wore aeated at 
tlie divan of Ahmed Bey, n handsome jouog man, who had alao, aa 
visitors, one or two oflicers belonging to the Egyptian armj. Our re- 
ception was in every respect hospitable, and what might have been 
aaticipated from Turkomona, who are the real ariatocrata of teot-life; 
but BS the object of our miaaion was to ezpress our commaading 
officer's regret at the Utile assistance aSbrded by the chieftain to the 
expedition, in the loan of cameis, &c. (and we saw plenty od the piain 
in the courae of the day's ride), our visit was more ceremonioua than 
it might otherwise have been; and we feit it advisable, our unpleasaat 
duty pcrformed, öfter tuking a little refreahment, to mount our horses, 
and retum the same evening to GMkl BiUhi^ 

The stationary tents of the Turkomans, auch as we were receired in 
on the present occaaiou, are lorge, and made of a goats'-hair canopy, 
wbich is stretchcd upon rows of emall poles. The interior ia divided 
into twD apartments, both of which are open in front, one for the 
women, the other foc tbe meD, where the carpets and cusbions of the 
divan, or reception-room, are spread, and in the midst of whicb, in cold 
weatlier, there ia a fire. The women, howeTer, more about from one 
Apartment to the other, with uncovered faces, and perform their T&rioas 
BTOcotiona of making bread, cooking, &c., wltbout any regard or ctai- 
cem at the preaence of strangers. 

The men have a well-formed, athletic frame, with a taste for bright, 
gaudy colours, and showy arms. The women are good-looking, but 
muuh plainer in their attire than the men. They are particularly indus- 
trious in their various occupations, which include the manufacture of 
tent-cloths of goats' hair, of large double baga, and men'a cloaks of the 
aamo material, and of finc wooUen carpets, renowned throughout the 
East, and which, on the whole, rival those of Eastem Persia, tbe 
blue, green, and red dyes of the Turkomana, being superior to those 
of Kirman and Yezd. Filea of theae carpets were to be seen in 
almoat every tent of theae rieh, peaceful, and industrious nomades. 
Burgbu), or bruised whcat boiled, rice, cheese, of which they make 
large quantities, hutter, kaimak, or clotted crcom, lebban, and other 
preparations of milk and crcom, with eggs, honey, dried fruits, and 
occasionally a Uttle chopped meat, constitute their fore, which, like 
their residencca, and condition generally, is much superior to tbat of 
the Arabs. 

Fonncrly, at certain seasons of the year, the niajority of tlie Turico- 
man tribea uacd to emigrate from Syria into Asin Minor, but at this 
timc, the great tribcs of Bei 'Anli'i, Jerid, and UJAhwiln, did not quit 
the plnina of Syria. About forty-tivc years ago, Iloida Aghü, one of 
the Bei 'Anlü chicfs, induced same of hin trJbe to becomc cultivators, 
aod having once pcrccivcd its adrontages, sgriculture graduaily in- 



44 THE BATTLE FLAUT OP DfMA, KOW BL' DHK. 

creased amoDg ihem np to the time of IbräUm FJisUi, wlia> «B the 
best meaas of encooraging thia denrable epirit, entniBted local power 
to certain chiefs, as with Ahmed Be^ of 'Umk, and Mohammed B^ 
of£UiB. 

When Üie Tui^omana move from one |daoe to another, they ohaerre 
Urach Order, and a Bevere ceremonj. A certain niunber of armed 
jneo, with ahields, precede the proceasioii, others ke^nng the whole in 
ft d^nite successioa, and others bringii^ up the rear. The march of 
S Turkoman aicampmeiit, the slow and etately pace of the camel, the 
bullo(^ laden with women and children, and the solemn tread of tlie 
waniorB, only now and then interrupted hj the dash of Bome monnted 
heade of the tribe amuaing themselTes bj tfarowing the jerid, or 
Iwandishing thenr tasselled spean, forms a veiy striking picture, to 
which a slight tioge of the ridiculotu ia unavoidablj given, hy the ex- 
trone gravity of ^ parties, and an air of haughly pride wbich seems 
to aa; that the nomadio life givea to them an immeasorable euperifwi^ 
OTcr all stnmgers, oottagera, and tillen of the soiL The favonrite 
Ulimal of the Tiirkomana is a Iow-set powerful camel, of a croas breed 
between the douUe-humped, or Bactrian, and the Arabian """"1 
Their horaes are also in high repute, althongh inferior to the Arab. 

Zt iB almoet unneceasary to say, that after the little difficulty which 
we had experienced in navigatii^ the affluenta of the Jjeke of Antioch, 
and the gain of dietance as well as of laboar, which was promieed hj 
this line, over that of the iron bridge, that our report, made on our 
retnm, was highlj favourable ; and, accordingly, .a first depot was at 
once formed at the nllage of Güsel Burj, or the pretty tower, so 
called from an edifice now no lotiger in ezistence, and situated upon 
the left bank of Oroates, a little above Antioch, at a point which the 
wagons could reach without passing the bridge. 

Here Charlewood and Fitzjamea launched the boats of the e^>edi- 
tion, and constructed rafts on pontoons, with many other ingeaiotis 
davices, to facilitate the traiisp<Hl, and another depot was fonued at 
Uur&d P^shÄ, to receive and forward the aame objects. Abont the 
same time. Cd. Eslconrt having Tetnmed fram his nüsüon, Lieut. 
Cockbum, of Üie artUleiy, was dispatched, with a party, to throw np 
Bome slight field workg, and construct alipa ot a apot selected for this 
purpose, ono mile and three quarters belovv Bireb-jik, on the right 
benk of the river Euphmtes, and afterwards called Fort William, 
while the two Lyoches were at 'Azix, doing their best to get assist- 
ance in that part of the road from Mohammed Bey of Kilis. After- 
wards, Col. Estcourt Buperintended this portion of the line, and at 
the same time that Cleaveland and Charlewood were conveying the 
boilers, sections of BteamerB, diving-bell, and other heavy weighta to 
Guiel Buij, from whence the water transport was carried on by Fitx- 
james; Eden was engsged forwarding Üght Bt<»es, by cam^ and 
mulea, direct from Amelia depot to Port William, by the iron bridge. 
Thus, by the latter cnd of June, the transport may be said to have 
been in füll Operation. 



TWO POEMS BY ANASTASIüS GBÜN.» 

TSARILATBO Kt J«BN WOMIOtJt, 
TBZ EXCLDSEO ONE. 

IfiNX (Hendt oDce I had, amd «hat lov« «m hUm, 
Whan I «H the lenth to Üut goodl; dId« I 
One band «m eotviaed (niiind cv'rj heart. 
Bot &te wti oppoMd — we wen fbrced to part. 

We went tu the banqneting-hall ona atrii^ 
And nioe brimming coh werc at once in light; 
Then Mch of Uie ntne from a goblet qnaff'd ; 
Tat ne, for rae onl; there ttood so dtaii|^ 

Kine whceU in the Tillage in chonii twiri ; 
fij each one ii litting a channing girl, 
And eaeh of mj oomradea baa ehown one: 
Ni» aiaidm Iovm me — I am laft tioat, 

JTint altan are raiied, and omejeirel« are bright, 
Hine bnde-acmg» an *iug, and thtj all tmatfae deligbl 
Yei, ooe'utoT each of tfaat fortunate nio«; 
Foi me tben'a no fong, and no altar ia mine. 

Hine «hip« bnrtlj rtgg'd alt depart titjia tbe itmid, 
M j comradei nil off to a happier land ; 
BuE ah I (here's no boal that will eair; me o'ti, 
Where loTe, jo; , and happln«» bloom od Ibe ibare. 



<- emic tboo not tbr ■ lenllt find s p 



DIFTKUNT KDIM OP OBIBF. 

A onL i« bf a lomh on bendcd knee. 
And chMe beuda it plutt a poplar me: 
" TboafleDdeTtice,aTiae, ariael 
Aa he aroae to ipangled ikica ; 
At both vaj hand« are lUted now, 
To heiTen be URed ererjr bongh) 
Aa to tbe ftan my ^bucet wasder, 
Lei ereiy leaf be pointed jonder. 
Tobim! Tohin! Aaeend, aacend ! 
Yonr nutling loand mmc upwardi lend. 
Thns, popUr, tbiu briide the gnte 
An image of m j grief 1 haTC. 

A yoatb U by a tontb on b«nded knee. 
And cloae bMide it pltou a villov-tree : 
" Bend down to earth, ihou tree of wee^n^ 
Fol ibe below the eittb if «leeping. 
Ai on the ^rave these tear-drop« flow. 
So from tby learn Ibe dew-drop« throw ; 
And ai my bands thoi downwirda gnip. 
And that cold coffln fain wonld cla^ 



be mre, je branehea, bend. 
1 Tob. ■ " ■ ' ■ 



Toheil Tobeil Deacend, 
Thoa, willow, thoa beiide tbe grare 
An image of mj grief I haT«. 

n to npcat (bat Ibl« li the ainned nama cf Coont ADeripaT(.~J. 



THB PanSSIAl) PADDT GRBKASIEB. 47 

*• No, my Ind, joa 'ant," said the mate; — " tbis veasel is bound to 
Dantric!" 

" Och, eniel martberl" excbümed Fat Do^le— " shure this ia the 
packet that Tim MuUins and the two O'Baurkea put me aboard of last 
night?" 

*' Thia here brig ia ibe ' Shelah' — 0'Shai]giieaa7, Commander — laden 
with provisionB — beef, pork, and butter — for tlie Baltic; and we 
bring* bock timber." 

Pat Dojlewas aghaat at that piece of infonnation; bat after, in vain, 
ia hia aimplicitj, beding of the mate to explain the matter to Captain 
CyShaugneaay, with bis compliments, and he would thank him to tnrn 
hia ship back again to Dublin; which motion being civilly declined, 
nnotheraort ofmotiou (that of the Te3seI)cBaeed in Mr. Doyle thoae very 
uneaay aenaationa peculiar to most persoDS on their fint sea-voyoge, 
and he waa compelled to yield himaelf entirely to the influencc Oh, 
«hat a proetratioa it cauaea, both mental and bodilyl and the atronger 
the Constitution of the person afflictcd, the more violent ia the effect. 
Poor Patrick auffered a martyrdom I 

On the third day, as the mate passed wliat might be called Mr. 
Doyle'a reating-place, if he could have takeo any rest in it — for 
though it waa denominated hia " berth," he thought it would witness 
hia " death," he was so veiy bad, — Pat ioquired, " Where did you aay 
I am going?" 

" Dantzic!" gruffly answered the mate. 

" Wliat did you aay?" faiotly asked Mr, Doyle. 

" Dantzicl" replicd the mate, as he hunied paeL 

" Very truel" ejaculated Pat — " d — rf tiek, indeedl" 

At length, the brig Shelah arrived in the river Viatula. Had 
Patrick Doyle been enabled to have done onything towarda icorking 
Am patttige, beyond the malady, the maater of the yeaael would not 
have demanded any payment of him for the voyage; but O'Shaugnea^ 
was compelled to accouut to hia employera, partnera in the brig, a 
portion of whom icere Prussian merchanta, for the amount of the fare 
of every passen ger. 

It was in Tain that Mr. P. Doyle remonatrated that he had been 
left on board the wrong ship, and that, by righta, he aaght to be con- 
veyed bock to Dublin " gratis, free, for ootliing." He at Inat 
positively refused to poy; in fact, in treating the Messrs. O'Kourke 
and Mr. Timothy Mullins, he had, with true Hibemian bospitality, 
niiscalled improvidence, expcntled nearly all the cash hc bad brought 
from KiUala. 

The Prussian ngcnt summoned poor Doyle before the pdice-court ; 
the judge of which, though he commtscratcd his case, briefly informed 
him that he must go to prison, in default of payment. 

Oh, how Pat Doyle longcd again for " ould Ireland l" and the 
townahip of KiUala in panicnlar, whcrein, if he had only bluwn a 
weU-recogniaed whistle betwcen liis knuckles, a dozen brave boys, liia 
■ssodatcs, would have acampered up and rescued him from the hands 
of the Pliilistinea; but her«, in PoliaU or Western Pruesia, be waa 
marched away by a guard of soldlera oa tall aa himaelf, conunandeil by 
B corporal taller than himaelf. 

When they were all witbin the court-yard of the priran, and Pat 
Doyle wondcring what they were going to do with him, he observcd a 

VOL. Tl. B 



THB PBDSalAV PADDT OB£NADIBIL 49 

agent &r Doyle'B pnasago-money, and tbere was very little doabt bnt 
ttwt Shadrach received bis per centage — u geDtkmen of hü persna- 
üoo rmrel; nndertake aaphia^ without a. diare of profit. 

Periups, at the period wbich we are deacribing, the militaiy 
training of PruBBia waa the most minnte, precise, and tedious ia lü 
detült in tbe «hole worid — and it required ti»ffe patience than was in 
Fat Dojle's stock of vJrtoes (for patience, thej saj, i^ a Tirtue) t» 
endure it After a general drill, he was placed under the priTaU 
tnition of Corporal Huller, who spared neither pains nor induatiy t« 
tnake Ur. Doyk an acrampUBbed aoldier; in üa, to auch an extent, 
tbat wbea the Irishman was at school, in hia own oonntry, he leamed 
that to drill was to bore, — he now diecovered tbat the words in 
Pniaaia had precisdj the aame meaning, 

Time and peraereranoe «fl^t wonders; and Patrick Doyle, drawa 
np to hia otmoat heigld, waa at least a foat taller than wben he quitted 
Killala, or when he enlisted. And as he stood tn grand tenue, atifi* ai 
so wtiäay nminer, and thought of his home, he ejaculated — " Fare- 
vdl father, färewell mother, farewell siBters and brothenl^-eTen if I 
vere to get back to ould Ireland again, I ebould oever eee anj of j« 
Maj more." He meant tbat be ^JmniM be nnablo to get his head 
dowB agwn to the level of the familj. 

About thie time, the regiment in which Pat Dojle was being traiDe4 
waa ordered to Berlin. Now, if our Hibemian thoogbt that the diacipline 
vai leren at Dantoc, he oertainlj waa not agreeably surpriaed hy die 
cbange at aystem in the <«pital, where the soMiery are harassed with 
eontinnal gtUtr aerrice (small Services and exerdaing). 

In winter, dnrjng severe frosts, the militarj are exercised in Urge 
premiaea, wbich are bnilt on the outakirta of Berlin ; theae premisea 
extead over an immenae apace, and are covered with a vaulted roof ; and 
in fine weather, the beantifnl Tbiergarten was (requently tbe Bcene </ 
Üxe CTolutioiiB of the troopa. 

During one of the reriews, the kiag was personally inqiecting &e 
ngiisent, witen bis eje feil on the Ullest man amongst tbe grenadiera. 
Frederic, like his eelebrated grandfather, had a bobby for gigantic 
scJdiera. On bdng inJOTued that Patrick Doyle was a foreigoer, ft 
native of Ireland, wbo had entered hia ranks, he remarked, with a 
gracioos amile, " that he was a fine feliow," and passed on. These 
Aattering words &om the kingcaogbt the earofCoiporalUuUer. Doyle 
was, it is true, an inch or two the taller, but Muller was an ex- 
perienced soldier— and n feeling of jealousy came oTcr bim, which he 
never afterwards was able to restrain; and wbenever he could exert 
the pet^ BBthority of the corporal ovcr the private, he never neglected 
tbe opportunity. 

Aiker the r^iment had done ita routine of duty at Berlin, it receivel 
ä>e Orders at the conuoander-in-cbicf to take up its quarten at Posen. 
Posen, we have ab-eadj stated, was tbe see of a Romnn-cathoUc 
bisfaop, and had several religiona bonses establiahed in the town. 
"Whün a town ia thua situated, tbe foUowing facts occnr in contradis- 
tinction to a neighbouihood where tbe p(q>ulation are enlirely Protes- 
tant. In the place of a levd feeling of i^igion, as in the Protestant 
church, tbe dd women are more deront, and the younger femaks 
are more gay, in the Catbolic faith. If nn ooddental error occnrs, 
ES 



«et. Consequently, when Mr. 
o give Charlotte an Irish on^ 
itbed in the tears of profound 
tinted with the cause of her 
rson who had offended her " a 
liat her mUcry could not be 
instantly forthcoming, he was 
»>uld not unmoved see the 
id he swore to lier. that by 
; amount of the rent, and totd 
e house. 

e money. The greateet part 
itig-balls; be was not one of 
an 

ixpenM a dsy." 

lerging from a chapel, and 
ing the holy water, he recol- 
s Roman-catholic persuasion, 
lis sojourn in Pnissia. Thia 
i began to tbink, that if he 
a bit of luck." So, crossing 

iciating pricsts bad gone to 
e Eetling sun sboDe oq the 
ed glass windowu, casting 
tf the chapel. The tnoesive 
bad not yet been removed to 



='vig(^^gp^pri3i«<^;r^3rqf'~^^*^"5- -iS* VW ~*~''^ ~ 



JOHN MANESTY, 

BT THB LATB VILLIAK HAOIVR, LL.D. 

CHAPTES Xxm. 



Fkeliho convinced that Iie had secured bis soa'a ea£etj, as far u tha 
intended duel with SUnle^ was concemed, Maoestj, after Ilugh had 
Tuhed from his presence, deliberstely proceeded to re-open the sea- 
chestB, and to a:pplj again to ib/ß task of ezamining and selecting their 
cootants. Haring lit a taper, he held many of ^ manuacriptB over 
the flame, and Oaew their boming relics into the grate. Otben he 
put Bside, with a view of placing them, ander eeala and lock and kej, 
in the cnstodj of his attomef, Varnham. In this waj, he had nearij 
ea^tied one of the cbest^ when he took out from amoog the onder- 
niMt l^er t^ fpen, an unaheathed and TMStj eword. Gazing intentlf 
OB it, be exdlüiDed— 

" Ah, (^ acquaintancel I did well in consigning thee to perpetnal 
rest after thj great deedt Horethan four and twenty jevn hast tbou 
slumbered in utter inactirit^. Thy blade fonaerly was bright and 
keen; itoto the greedj rast has gnawn it, and thou art sadlj defeatured. 
But it was not fitting that thou shouldat be stained br mean blood, 
•Aar kaving drawn forth aome of the best in the land. I have looked 
oAen at tbee with exultation. Why dost tbou now dtaw op the 
blinding water in my ejea, so that I can scarce se» thee? And where- 
iore doM my breast nrell, and my heart throl), thus intoleiaUf j 
Dost thon reixoach me, old sword? Whatl did I uaa-Üiee wrotig- 
fnOy? Well, well! Thy oilent ^ipeal ahnoat nnmans me. Yet, how 
conld I bear the soom, and bäte, and fierce pride of him on whom at 
hat I wieaked a bloody rerei^?" 

Manea^placed thaswordBsutB,aBdleaiiedhackinhiaclwir,aaif in 
deep rumination. He was, howerer, only a Sem minutee thna abstiacted. 
Stvting op, he »ai d 

" I have no time to waita. I aaa in the toils, and the hunters ar« 
npoa me. Dextennuly bave I played my game — dexteronsly will I 
^y it BtilL In ^lita of them, I shall escape. Escape! And am Z 
thai brongkt to such a pass aa to think my greateat good is in soe- 
«enful fli^t? O, Manesty, thy pride, and cruelty, and selfialmeaB, 
bare niined thee I Thon tust uiougbt too little of this; aadlol the 
dreadfnl ciq) of bittemeas is at tby Ups. Thy fortune is gooe. Thj 
aaaie is the prey of the scomer. Tlwugh consortiag with juoaa men^ 
äxM hast tumed — bjrpooite aa thou art — a deaf ear to their connsels. 
Bot the words that are written in the wondrous book sink deeplyevea 
into tbe harde« and most unbeüenng hearts; and then, when leaat 
they an expected, rise up with fearful threateniog. In tbe dajjrs of 
my pride I cast them off; bot tute they borst out against n]e,.Bsen aa 
avengers. ' God,' says the Fsalmist, ' hatli pr?pared for the. wicked 



JOBN HAmSTT, THB LtVEKFOOL MBRCHAKT. 65- 

ment of tbe other band, he WBved Maneety off toirards the front of 
the premises in Pool-lane. 

" I nndentand him," thonght the merchant, drawing away from the 
windov, after noddiug to Oziu to indicate that his hint waa taken; 
** and will profit bj his BDggestion. I thought to eecape by the atore;- 
bnt I find I must take the other way. Well, it cannot be hdped. 
Oglethorpe knows nottiing about (um doors. He will be ever-reached 
by hia own conning. I bave been in greater danger than thia on the 
«MUt of Guinea. Now thes." 

And, baTing placed a piitcd in each of bis ct^taciona pockets, he- 
soxed the bündle he bad made np, and drew soide the beavy bolta in 
the front door. At tbis moment a sonnd of voices in busy parley waa - 
heard at the entrance of the out-hou»e, quickly fnllowed by the thraat 
of a crow-bar, and a jarring noise made by forcing the door from it» 
fasteninga. Hanesty kept bis position for a moment, anxioaaly liaten- 
iog, on the top of tbe front stairs, to aacertain if any similar danger 
waa to be apprehended in ihat direction. But all (Aere was quiet.- 
Meanwbile, he was aware of a rush np tbe stepa, or rather ladder, by- 
wbich the nx»n waa gained from tbe ont-house in tbe rear. 

" Jndging by the variety of roices," laid Maneaty to himMlf, with 
an inandible chnckle, " tbe fellows are strong in number. But eren 
If tbey reach the door, they^ find it rather a tongber Job to force than 
they did tbe entrance below; and, aa the ladder ia narrow, only oaa 
can work at a time. Hallo! what's that?" continned he, as a sudden 
anapping of wood was beard, sncceeded inataotly by a heavy fall, and 

aandiy groans and execrattona. " Capital, by 1 Tbe ladder ha» 

brdcen; and some of tbe heavy n^uea muat bave a few more bmisea 
•nd fractures than they bargained for, even in Coming to take me. 
Now ifl the time," he added, deicending the front sburs, and saying as 
he went, " neitber Oglethorpe, nor the devil himself, ahall hinder my 
pnng to WaTertree after Hugb. My boy — my boyf 

Uanea^'a ateed waa at the door, as bad been ordered. Directing 
the portmantean to be qnicUy atrapped behind the aaddle, be mounted, 
and galloped off in the direction of WaTertree, where he arriTed goon 
after the time indieated by hia aon. Not a Boul was on the ground^ 
oor did the merdiant meet «ny one eitber going to or Coming from 
the spoL Had anything happened of the kind he feared, some 
■ymptom of it muat bare met bis Observation. Braving erery danger 
to huDBelff Haneaty next went to other placea where he thought Hugb 
might be fonnd; butthoogh, to bis infinite diiappointment, he could 
Dot trace him, he feit oomforted in the conviction that no hostilitiea 
bad taken place. He was resolved, however, at all hanrds, to lurk 
•beut Liverpool tili midnigbt, in the hope of seeing bis son once more^ 
and ÜDparting to him certain information as to his fiitare prospects in 
life. But fint, he most coli on bis atttmiey, Ezektel Vambam. 

Boldly and openly, as in the days of his pride, did John Manesty 
ride through the atreeta of LirerpooL He neither hang down his 
head, nor drew bis hat orer his brows, nor sought by-streets, nor 
arged bis bona beyond a geotle troL It is not probable that be would 
haTe been thns canless on foot; but he feit convinced that, in case of 
«ny untoward rencontre, he migbt depend on tbe fieetneas of his steed, 
irboae t4ood and faooe could not easily be matched. Thtis audadoualy 



JOB» ILUnSTTi THE LI7EKPOOI. HXaCHAHT. 57 

So MTing, the merchant dnw a jHsttl from hii pocket, and eooDy 
lud h aa tfae Üble. The Uwyer'B dieeks tomed whit«, and hie cyea 
Ware fixed on Manea^. 

" I »ee you understand me, Eaekiel)" pnraned Manes^; " snd you 
know I am not a trifler. Here, take thia gold; 70a will find it to be 
so paltiy fee." 

The lawT«-, widi aboDdaat admowledgments, clutched the monc^, 
profeesing bis readinesa to act on behalf of Manesty wHh the ntmoat 
seal and actintr. Bat thia change in hia demeanonr ma oalj nxnien- 
tarj. His ejes became restless, glancing hither and thither, as if witk 
apIivebeiMMB ; hia manner waa emboirasBed, aad hia whole 6«ne 
■waaad nnea^ and agitated. 

" I want nolhing of 70a myself," retnroed the mercliaiit. " Mj 
olyect in viaiting you is to place in your ciutody thia portmanteao, 
duefly ^jwitfliniwg Paters. They are for the inspection of <»e eye 
only. Bnt eren ttüt eye is not to see them yet. At the proper tiine, 
«B wder, signed by royself, will be presentöd, when you will detiver 
ttem. Tlie bearer of Üüs order wUl be prepared to pay, in additioii 
to what you bare now recerred, fire hntidred poonds, for ^e faitlifDl 
discharge of your truat." 

yambam's eyes twinkled at the proepect, thongh his restlesanese 
evidently incretued; and he repeatedly looked st his watch. 

" But," pnrsued tbe merchant, " the stighteet evidence of asy tam- 
pering with tbe lock or.seale will not only deprire you of the nxme^, 
bat ^o of a very valuable dient, in the person of my successor, ili. 
Hogh Maoesty, wboee property will not be prejndiced by any nnd«*- 
hand dealing with that which I now commit to yonr cluü^ however 
be nuy be pained at knowing that the funily infonnation contained 
in tbose papers has been penised by any other than bimeelf. I have 
entnuted you with tbe packet, beeaöse I have reason to snspect tbat 
all docnmenta in my house will be overbanled by the anthoritiee, and 
I ahould not like theae to &U into their hands. I thisk I can no« 
depend upon yon, Vamham." 

" Imidicftly,'* retnnted the htwyer. 

** Notfaing naore^ then, need be Mdd," obeerred Hanes^. ** lltat ia 
yoor iron ehest there in tbe eorner, isn't it? " 

"Tea." 

" Well, then, let nie see yon depoait my pcntmantean safely in i^ 
aadtboB finvwdL" 

This was accordingly done to the merchant's eatiaiaction; wbei^ 
«Aring his band to Vunhani, who eagerly grasped it, as if infinitely 
rdieied at the termination of the interriew, Uaiwsty roee to depart. 

Bnt bis ezit was deetined to be not so quiet as his entrance. The 
ddor of the room was suddenly opaued, and a man, wbose bead was 
bound round with a handkerchid', and wfaose vinge hon evident 
marke of a reeent contneion, entered. Tbongh thns disfignred, Ha- 
Mttj inMantly reoogniaed Measly Hott, wbose Ttrice be had heaid 
aiKH^ othen dnring tbe moming ananlt in the con-store. Vani- 
haim looked Hke one stricken with epilepay. Catchii^ a momentaiy 
riimpae of ooe <»- two other men in Üie panage, Manesty sprang like 
fiffataing to the door, cloaed, and loekod it, and seixiBg Hott by the 
£aat wüh his left band, while with his right he beld a pistol to the 
fdlow** temple, said, in a low tone — 



JOHN MAMBSTYi THE LITBRPOOL XBSCHAItT. 5» 

Thdr «nference, however, was but short, tot in less thaa ten minutes 
Lord SUveretick rejoined hia jouog frieod, telliag him he had atipu- 
lated that pistol^ Dot swordSi Bhould be the we^ioiia used. 

" Ilave you any afliürs of pressing moment to arrange?" asked the 
earl. 

" None," replied Hugh. 

" That is well," returned Lord Silventick. " A wise man ahoidd 
■Iway s l» fully prepared for aaj and everj emergency, aa I see yoa 
an; and nothing eniurea this but method. My Lord Chest«rfield in- 
Bwted strongly on the virtue of meUtod. ' NotÜng,' saya he, ' cootri- 
butes more to dispatch than method. Jjiy dowa a method for eveiy* 
thing, ood südc to it invioUbly.' Now I nerer coidd impreas this on 
Tay 80D, Bandy. But yon, my dear young friend, are instmctively a 
geatleman — a gentleman natcUur, nonßti whereas twenty Lord 
Chesterflelda could not have qualified for that appellation such a 
character as Colonel Stanley. I proteat I have an excessive dulike to a 
man who caunot be braught to apprehend ' the grace», the air, address» 
poUtenesa, and, in short, the whole tourtuire and agriment of a maa 
of fashioD. So many little things coaspire to form that Ammurv, that 
though separately they seem too insigoificaiit to mention, yet, aggre- 
gately ' " 

" Fsrdon mc, my h)rd," said Hugh, interrupdi^ the carl, who was 
gradually gettiDg invoUed in the metaphysics of CheaterS^ and la 
mode; " but time is fast slipping away, and though I have no affiürs 
to amnge, yet, sbould 1 fall, perb^s your lordship will not object to 
be the bearer of a mesaage from me to Miss Stanley, esped^y as I 
have given her reason to suppose that all hostilities were at an end 
between me and her couain." 

" I truat my agency will not be required," said Lord Silverstick; 
" but, in any case, I will fulftl your wishes." 

" Teil her, then," pursued young Manesty, " that X was forced into 
the field. Convince her that I had no choice." 

" Nothing more?" 

" Nothing, my lord, except that my last thonghts rested on her." 

" I trust that bappiness is yet in störe for you both," said the good- 
Datured nobleman. " In the aSkir now on your hands, firmneaa ia 
«verythiog, and I see yoa are arm. Stanley is irascible, and that is a 
diaadvantage. His second, too, seema ruh. But, depend on it, 
nothing shall be doae confr« Usm rigkä. It is time to think of moving. 
Come. Where are your pistols?" 

Hugh handed him the caae, and Lord Silverstick inspected ite coa- 
tents. " London-mode, I perceire," snid he; "and, I protest, inveiy 
prctty condition. Come," he added, "we sball be able to drive 
ddiberatdy to Wavertree. A gentleman ahould nerer be in a hurry. 
Hy Lord Cheaterfield is precise on that point; and it is better to be 
100 early than too late, especiaUr on such an occasion aa this." 

The carriage was ordered. Lord Silverstick and young Manesty 
entercd it, and proceeded towards Wavertree Hugh, thia time, wai 
&rst OQ the ground; but he had not long to wait, as Colonel Stanley 
and his &iend soon appeared. The earl, with a ceremonious bow to 
Brooksbank, drew him aside, and they conversed for a couple of 
minules. 

" I think," said Lord SilTeretick, " m the moon ia high, and give» 




A [>UtuI H-u liaBiW M> «ek <rf die prindpalBr wtio, wt tbe ä 
ot' twL'lvu ]Kitx^ itoüd. <mKt lad caiiK wrer ■^■■■Bt; eadi »«her, w wüii g 
tur tbu wi>rd, whicb Captain ITiiiiii f— t «w «■ tbe pobrt of ginng 
tu luilittu"* ^tvl«<. w^i tbe iitikli trampin^ ot' boa6 wia lM.ai>l, Mid ft 
nituiuii tH>r^iMcb liuteJ inco dte niifat ot' cbe-^ro^^ ■iil. ifiiiiiiMiiliBj^ 

vi>u >liiul tiru JE tW odi>;r. or tfa« boR ilaü p» Ifas« duu«^ ny bad]r< 
(^ Vlu^b," Im »Uml. - I ham stmsit toq «Q äsf — I hcre tneed 

lue vuu iiud ivuM hw« ua thii mad parptne. B<a I ha*« rnrnrcd in 
tiiuö. Vt>u sbali tK4 tischt tkb ^<Unfe7. Give mc jvr pistoL.'* 

" Mr. Mtuie^iv." fül Ae jvan^ man, in « low Tvice, '' kcve tbe 
^ivuuiJi I IvH.'wbi «VA I cu take otre crf" mj owa biae^, wbkb 
>tii.'li )"i Ht.'t ti£ liki^ OB TVDT part, will injnr« for er^. Z,esTe tb« 
^(viiJiii; ibi« lUbür wtth Colooel StanW dudl py an.' 

■■ h ■^buU uut, 1 »T.^ raared HaM^-tr. "Cco^dcr. dcar H^b, I 
ha%v iioM ito i>L>ji.>v-t t» bind mc to the worid bnl jon. Ami sbatl I Ke 
W'Ui' liii: |)iit in jn>p«nlT od a mere ponctibo? Toa wül nerer btboU 
Uli.' ^ij^uiu .uW Uli« oigfat. I bare mach to saT to jvm. Gire OTtr 
(tüa i.'ii<.vuuti'i', or 1 äbail do some deed of de^teratioD." 

" Aii.t ihuvhW luajjoa be, sir?" a«fced Caplain Bnwtatwfc, rtep» 

Main ,.1 . U.ut a Stern brow an bis inlemo^or. ** I aDSTa- ■» im- 
iiv(..iuiti 'tUL'.-iiuu^* Said be. " Saffic« it, tfaat I an a Mian vbo viB 
:.. . V' )>.uiiva. ^\>u will find it daa^froue to meddle witb me." Tfaen, 

!'^ lo iliv' uiurl. who br tbis lime had come doee to tbe othv 

<^vv'>-i, V' ^lii-U — ** Lofd Sihentick, I kiiow jon; and I aak tf jov 
.V...... 11 i ttkiiihv ot wurjears and MatioD in life to abet tfaeae fooli^ 

V i.-,..i_* Uuu ü.'' U" joai friend tliere, Colonel Stanley, Gboold be 

— -^w VI hü', tk'U b« apt to think, tfaat trith a little less fcdij OB 
\ .. ...» vuu tiii>;ht bav« taken care of faü limbs and of bis bongar 

^ . ut: M:l'iu■.^'vjt tt> be eatirical, sir," retnmed Lord Silvontidk, 
> ... « v- " but ::ivt> me leave to eajftbatyoa arein enorinsop- 
. , ^ ...... ; Viuikv tt> be my friend. I come bere as tbe fnoid rf 

1 .-. ,.A-ulkh.Hl Manesty. "As bis frieiut, then, do jon 

\t . .. '. '..!>." Lvi'Ued tbe earl, "nnleas my prindpal shoold 
1 . 1 ,v. ^•. 4 t.v<i is not in tbe least probable. You mast per- 

> ->.u, '■.» l (.Mttsider yonr interfercnce raost irr^nlsr, 

. ..;. k. ^^. u.*.:. ■■i-vscribed in the «ode of htmooT. Pray do 

vv. «....V.,- Xh«=^,'«- Then adrancing to the colonel, ho 
.. N— "1-. * 'i pi^'i»'? satiafy you but taking this yoHng 
, «>,...*. ».'M im9 Jfeitb at hid bände?" 



JOHir K&mgTT, TKB UTBBPOOL MBBCHAHT. 61 

" ISotiäag," replied the daeDist " Tou will not SDCoeed in iater- 
ruptiog HS. Provoke me not, John Manesty, or you maj nie iL 
WluU ! are we to have whioing moralitj from tbe Ups of a pirate and 
a morderer? Where was jour moralitj when tlio sulor was drowaed 
hy yoar deed? H«re, Broc^sbaak, h^ me to bind tlüa fellow neck 
üdbeelsto " 

Maaes^ dJd not paius for the coocluüon of Sunlej'» threat 
" Soonndräl, Uack-leg, madmanl" shooted he. " Hion wilt make me 
guiltf of more blood. Thy deatb be on thine own head !" Drawing 
fortli a piatcd, Manesty fired, and Stanlej feil mortally wonnded. 

Tha Buddenneu of this decperata art stmck a momentaiT' panic- 
into the whale partj, during which Hanesty anned faimeelf with 
s seoond pistol, Mying, as he cocked it, '■ Let uo man, aa he lovee bis 
lUe, Tentore to laj hands on me." 

He tben, in a rüt» not to be heard by the others, told Hugh wlme 
fae might find him, and snpplicated the joung man to come to him ot 
nighL " I miut nov," idded he, " &j from this place." 

The Word« had no sooner escaped hüa tban a tomult of voices swelled 
<m the wind, an»»ig which the most andible was that of Oliver Ogle- 
tborpe. 

" Come on, aj menl" bawied he. " We've caught him at last 
There he is. I aee him. Mr. Hibblethwaite, aecure the horse, wliUe 
I tackle the man. Quick— quick!" 

" Saj 70a so?" ^aculated Manestj. Taulting into the saddle, and 
" g apnrs to bis mare, be flew awajr like the wind. 



LIFE AND POETET OP SAPHO, 
Wim BCKHES raou tse srama ot okillpaszeb. 

BX T. SOSCOE. 
** QriUpnar ii gnoi, utiqner The tragedj of Sqilio ii n^erb aad nblime ; 
Ih^e U DO d^njinx it Tbe man ba* drae a grcM ikiu in viitiu ÜM plaj. 
Aad wb iähtf I knov bim not j bol ^n wilL Tii ■ hi^ iDleUect*' 

Lobs Bnox. 
Thebb can be no aurer test of surpasaing ezcellence in art than the 
Toice of common fame. When a name has become " familiär in men's 
mouths as houaehold words," and been transmitted to succeasive ages 
and tbe most distant lands, it seenu to come to ns invested with tbe 
hak) of immortality. It baa beea emphaticnU; so with the name of 
Sapho ; the Greeks' " Tenth Muse," of whom the most celebrated 
writers of antiquitj, even her riralä, spoke oniy in terms of rapture. 
Tbe most severe and impartiol critics, with Longinus himself, do not 
acmple to hold up her works aa perfuct modcU of thetr kind, fragmentft 
only of which, like the proportiona of the Venus de' Mediui, stiU sufflce 
to rekindle admiratton and r^ret. Keenlj sensitive and ardent, love 
■nd paasion were tbe Clements of her nature, aud seemed to leave her 
genioa no choice. Ileace tbe peculiar fire and tendemesfi wbich gare 
tbat genius so aupreme a command over a refined and imaginative 
pet^e, aud made them wursbip trath and beau^ at tbe altar of 
woman'a passion — a deitj quite aa influential as tbe more sapient one^ 
to whom tbe; attributed a tutelarj power. 



Lira AVD POBTBT OP SAPffi), 63 

bination — the giud oncient bs well as modern recipe for redress; bat 
then when It comea« commoa cause is made with a rengeaaoe for the 
bonour and interest of the ser. Then poor S^ho sCood in too bold 
and grand relief to awaken this sexual sympathj aright; and both 
men and women at last seemed to agree onl; in peraecuting her — tat 
in the fint she met a traitor, in the second a aucoesaful rival to ber 
lore. Yet, stränge enough, her miafortune was to set out hj pleuing 
botb too wdl, more especially the three great poets, whom she rivalled 
or eclipsed. Athennos doee not say which of these three she prefeired 
— a preference, bowever, merited by no&e who could be gniltj of auch 
venomona attacka npon a woman, as if not aware how atrong an evi- 
dence it gave of tbeir fears. AlcfeuB, the moat bitter and jealous of 
all, — a man high in the rapublic, at the head of the niost powerful 
party, and a leader in war, a native of Mitylene too, — should have feit 
honoured in having Sspho for a fair compatriot and a rivaL Bat 
Alcnus was a sexagenarian, and she had perhaps r^ected bis suit. 
She had addressed htm as the " Poet of Lesbot," bat in that title ehe 
had not included the attribntes of jouth and grace, and her elderlj 
admirer began to miuinur and look a little snrlj. He next attacked 
her diaracter and her verses; those lynca and erotics he had beibre 
held ap as modeis of excellence. He could not, bowever, so eaaily 
impose on the public of Mitjrlene and of all Greece as upon himself; 
they took the more polite part of supporting the lady — a sapport to 
which her fame as well os her weaknesB entitied her. 

At length, as if to avenge the sexagenarian, and bis rejected 
addressee, young Fhaon, the handsomest of Lesbian Greeks, made bis 
appearancc at Mitylene. The lion of tbe day, the observed of all 
(Äservers, in the fresb lustre of Ol^pian victoriee, jet deaf to tbe 
Toice of flatterj', unwarmed by tbe smiles of common beauty, he 
eeemed to have eyes only for the sool-speaking charms of Sapho. 
Old Alcfeus was more enraged than cver; and her young friends 
and pupils, before npon her side, listened to and repcated all tbe most 
catting things they could invent. 

Tbe afiair coald not rest as it was; " pistols tbd coffins for two" 
wer« not yet in fasbion, and Ihe only mode in which Fhaon could 
reply to the insinuations of Mr. Sexagenarian Alcteus was, eitber by a 
bout at linglestick, a good throw in a wrestle, or a ride over bim upon 
the CSympian sands. Treacbery was aoon added to the amiable gronp 
of Saplio's ealumniators : even the lorely Damophtle, the most 
cherisbed of all her pupil», dealt tbe most cruel blow, by flrst inducing 
Fhaon to doubt the fidelity of bis beloved. Wttbout qaitting Mity- 
lene, be treated her with studied neglect, attacbed himself to a young 
Greek slave, her favourite pupil, and it is on this cruel circumstance, 
tbe critical moment of her brilliant carcer, tbat the great dramatist, 
ealogized by Byron, founda the startling incidents, tbe pathetic beauty 
and grandeur of bis drama. Tbe tranacendent tendemess, tbe abeorb- 
ing passion of Sapho's soul, do not, in thia drama, prevent tbe display 
of B refined and noble spirit, of a beauty and grandeur of character in 
the midst of her despair, whidi cxcite our higbest admiralion, mingled 
with pity. Tbc struggle is confined deep wilhin her own lieart, no 
weak murmur, no mean recnmination, no efibrta of paltry revenge — 
all within the almosphere of ber ficry poetic spirit is grand, decided, 

VOL. VL F 



LITE ABD 70ETBT OF BULFHO. 65 

nett tnd lore. Thst she feit the last ia all ite foroe, ite softoeu, it« 
sorrowi, it> tamnlts, despair, and too often nnlu^pj end— «■ she has 
indeed deacribed it in all ite STinptoms, there can be no doubt ; and 
from her unrivellcd aucceee in delmeatiDg Üie Guccessive changes and 
■IternatiaiiB of jojs and woes, it is probable ahe was designated bj the 
moBt celebrated writers of her times as the " TentL Muse." ^le is 
etill moi% characteristically compared bj Flntarch to Cacn^ the Boa of 
Yulcan, whose breath waa believed to consist of nothiog bnt flame. 
It ia firöm thia all-perradiag fire, in " the thoughts that breathe, and 
words that bom," that Sapfao dröw the sort of enchantment whidi, as 
a lady aoid of the brilliant converaation of Bums, csrried tha hearera 
off their feet, and gave her so imdispuledlj the pälm of aong; and it ia 
tbe same whidi baa indnoed more than one meiern writer to aasert 
that it maj perfaaps be better ibr the generality of mankind that most 
of her compositious are lost " Thej are filled," sajs Addison, " with 
such bewitching tendemess and raptore, that it might have been dan- 
geroos to hare given tbem « reading." 

That a cbaracter, oompoeed Uke that of Fhaon, should hare exer- 
cised so powerfbl and malignant an influence orer a geoins so brilliant, 
and a natnie awake to the most delicate and siuceptible, aa well as the 
grandest impressiona, supplies an additional exaiuple of the compensa- 
tory Bcheme, which, with the moet brilliant wit^ the noblest quaUties, 
blends some inherent weakness, some leaven of evü, that graduallj ex- 
tends it» poistnoua inflnence over the fate of the noUest and the best. 

It ia tÜs Strange, mysterioos trutb, so powerfully illustrated hj the 
antbor of the nmple but grand drama of " Sapho, «hich exdtes the 
wonder and rivets the attention of the reader to its eventful dose. 
Ont of the simplest materials, he has wrought, by the pure triumpb of 
hia art, a beautifullj classic and miueatic Grecian temple ; and l^ tbe 
force of Illusion, aod tJie associations it awakens, carried ua back into 
the very heart of the liviDg and moving sceoe, with the impression of 
all its Btartliog reaL^ and minuteness, as it passed with its rapid, 
" but silent and stealthj foot," in the Lealnan ide. llie characters are 
few, but in perfect classic harmony with the subject, and with the 
genius of the timea. The interest of the plot depends moat upon its 
nuuterl; development, on those brilliant contrasts, and startling situa- 
tions, which, true to oature, and ^parently without artifice, really 
form the most perfect triumph of the poet's art. 

But to convej, in a small space, a just idea of the powers of Grill- 
parzer, we must follow hia example at leaat in plunging at once into 
the grandeor of the pathetic eceoea, offering a atrange, monmfnl con- 
trast to her openiug trinmphs, wben retuming crowned from Olympia, 
amidst the dräfening plaudita of the bles of Greece. It is wben firat 
suspiciona of treachery, she discovere the love of Melitta, her pupil, 
and still her slave, for the handaome Fhaon, without being aware that 
she is the cause of bis stränge neglect. Then firat a growing dia- 
truat, a eense of danger, an efibrt to throw off her love, followed by 
jealous and bitter panga, seize npon her heart, tili, alter a seriea of 
struggles, masterly and powerfully portrayed, she is impelied to the 
suomiit of the fatal rock, the name of which is never utt«red without 
blendmg with it tbe recoUection of her unhappy love and fate. 

In tbe foorth sceoe of act the aecond, Sapho discovers l'baon in 
f2 



'^^-.jrf -s- ^-if.-? -s"s^f| 









Ahl'lUDT 

.- ' SS^ Bon» oa thy lipi. 
■WB not high enongh. 



.Ahoahere? 
ntüie ft cnwn of ? 






Saphot 

How i»u't you ro« 



LIFE AND POETBT OP SAPHO. 

Phaox, IdonMloTeÜMbowI) 

Km yet th« eUm'iotu joyi loch Teveby 
Ii Bpt 10 bring. 

Sapbo. Clam'rcnii I WoaldyODnproaehmer 

Phaon. How? 

SivBO. That I tATC doae vrong to hold th« fewt 

On onr arriTal ia thal ebm'roai nuim«. 

pHAOM, Ii WM Dot (o inteodcd. 

Satso. Oft thc fyi he«n 

Id iMrct joini ihe (oeUl. genenl joj ; 
Etbo «hü a pnj to iroe. 

PSAoii. "Hl eren «o. 

Sapho. Hethonght "twu w«n to ihcw joa and onr ftiend* 
1 wai oot (haokl««! fbr thrir nneroiu kiadnen — 
Tbe beut'« wann wtleome— looiige not ezacted. 
Tberejj a<lM«,loo, of the Mol; and vin« 
It thfl gada' gift to eclobnle iL Thal donc^ 
Thoa caait not better lore iweet peacc, ihaa L 

Pkiom, Ithankjoa. {Offert la rttät.') 

SaPHa Aad are jon going? So loon I 

FajLOH. Kot if JOB wiah mj (tay. 

SAmo, To go or Kay, 

ReiU bnt wilh Fhaon'a wlt 

PaAOH. S^>ho ii mgrj. 

Sapbo. (^ grtal tmalimt.) Phaonl 

Fhiox. wbat ia yoiu plMiare 1 

Satbo. One thing — to n* — 

Ym hoT ? I law thee, Fhaon, witfa Mtlitta. 

Puon. Melitta I Wlw? 

Satbo. Yea ; nw yoa I Yoa carew'd her I 

Phaom. Ah,tniet Goon. 

Sapbo. She li a ehild, 'tii tme ; 

AloTelyebUdl 

Pbaoh. So looki ihe ; and jet not 

Savho. A child, ma«t lorcd ij me of all m; haadmüda ; — 
All are mj cbildren t and my chUdren, papU« — 
Not iUtm ; — and if 1 do not make thcm free, 
'Tia bul 10 bind Ihem by the dearen tlea, 
And flu a gnardian'i, and a parent'i place, 
To piidr ximnniih, tili tfaa aeaaon etnne, 
Tfaat I dare tmtt them on life'i fkiibleu tea — 
To the world'i datterie« — arti — heanle« leductioat. 

( SAtfixtM lo- cjn iipiiit Aia.) 
Oe^ a*k the ICtylenet, if Ihe beat molbera, 
'WiTaa, eitiaena, owe not their &mc to Sapho i 

PnAoN. 'Tii well and uobly done. 

&APBO. Then hear me, Phaoa I 

'ICdtl theae poor onhana, noae m dear to me 
Aa iTeat Uelitla. Sbe — the geotle, mnaing, 
And ot deep-feeling heart ; yet faacy-Itee, 
Aa ealm along tbe flowery Tale ofyoolh 
She hold« the gnilelen tenour af her way i 
All peaoe — all Inooeenec. Thon^ no hi^ gifte— 
Tbe pMt'i fire, the «colptor'a plaaiie band, 
Or paintar'i *iTid »ecnei, her aool alhue ) 
Por aott domeilia bliaa, and tender «am, 
Hai plaoid Naiure fimn'd her— a loriog beart 
Her beat and only dower ; her modelt Rar 
AÜTe to the leait ihadc of blane. 

Pkaon. Hot beantiftil— 

How tme and DoUy «poken I 

Safho. Pardon, my friend i 

Tvonld irk me mach, if from a tboaghiloa Tein— 
A playftal dupoaition — yon ihonld waaen 
Emotion« deatined bot to make her wretched. 



TRAVELS IN SOUTHERN ABTSSINIA.* 

Soici Iha k»g diipnted proUcm« of the conne of the Vtga, and Übe «oone» 
of Ibfl mia, Mid aftv tbe narigrtian of the ■ncient nren of Enpbntef md 
Tigris, Umn hsn bam do qnettions in geogn^j vhieh ban nraamted to 
mioh intagrcat h tha exploraäon of the «aTage tnritorüa whicfa lie betwaaa 
Um aea and Üw AhjtmSaa oplands, and the oouidnatlon of tha conne and 

■-— '— " orfitBTl-' ' " ' - 



It ia tfab partienlar pontion of Um Afiioan SgUaada (we agree with Hr. 
JohnatMi tnat the term Aha ic inapptieaUe), imraiiikded by daaert tnela, 
nÜMr traveised than peopled hy trilMa of rapaciow and nnrderow habita, 
fiiat Um Negtn, or King of Km«, plaeee hk ■tmqcät, nd opoo «hi^ indead, 
dapstda the Baintena&ee of tha iirtegritr of the pmolatk«, ptarented by thoaa 
vHj eiivuuatauoea fivm «nignIiDg, not to moM faToand onuitriea, tat ÜKf 
cn (earcelj be fbond, bot to a more lenient nie. 

Nbthing in the tnnali of modem tnvel presenta lo great a vari^ of ad- 
nntua, üd lo many difltenltiea to be overcome, as the ßoarxKy from the east 
uaatko Abyiafaüa. Erery tribe, ot «rUdi there are aix in namber, openly 
cmoaea p rogta« » ttoongh h« own territcvy ; every paaa b made a pomt of 
ollWe, and when each «ncceadre ftmily of plnnderei* ii bongbt over bj haid 
dollna, eren night is nent in ihe Aar of aecret anaaaination. It wai bad 
MMOgh in the titneaof ue Portvgneae, and wben afew adTentmona trareDfia 
and ardent miiaiwiariei reopened the blood-ituaed pathway; bot the riraby 
of FVenchandEngtiah uÜBiona, aecompanied bj a mcet impolitio and difhaa 
dUribnäcai otjniwU, and the poaricw of the liohea and Inznriea ol btdk 
fato tiie h» ef Ih« pcnr drad-begirt Abyinian«, and amo» naked Bedwina 
nd Ad^u, hat« Ixovght the thiiw to a maxiiBiiia. ItwHMl eaovgh,in » 
HHimej ef one hnndnd and fmi^hraTB, w three hnndred and tiürty milea, to 
IiBi»to%lit,(«paTtribiitetot£e Debenik Wcbm, Oe MuMtn, ttie Adaya, 
tha Bnkluuto, the Dintana, aad tha Galla tribes, an, wid) the exMptioD <tf tiM 
katifanacheaofthe AdaLfak Oe ploral Adayi), abo e^oaSy freqnäntlr ealied 
DMifcaH, lAndi ii tha a^eetive of Dl]•lk(dal^ man conunonlr ealled Dongda 
Ahhoagh thejr apeak a totaUy dUftreDt längste), and the plnml of whitä ia 
DanakiL Bot the «ehfari^ attained br the paMag«, more partkndariy of tha 
Brilfafa miMOD, fbllowed aa it waa W ow Mutant tm^oii of balea of goodi, 
mao lo kwb of wina and aiärib, tbr the o<»sDinptk)n of tha anbaMr, and 
wUA wen Miinetinie left Inog abont on Ae road, bM drawn crowd* o( olbar 
Mfagaa to Ae hithtTto wQdemeaa of nA» ; and in onr preaent avtbof'B ttm^ 
hahnd notleft the aea-ah<m faoftra tha my wm blecladed bj- the Biumm 
Bedirtna, aad tlae Kcnea of nnnderona oonfliota, or of extnTMUit eonciliatioBi^ 
£d not c wae, eren when thiy hnd gräwd the oonntiy of tha Gallaa, on Oa 
Baw^L 

IW anomt of iBteraal, then, in 'acapea nd adTentBiw, «i wcS «B in dataüad 
daa crip tfa w aofaiababte nd mannen of theae teit ramarhahle tribae of tha 
Adajil, Ur. Jolwloa'a waafc br anrpMMa that of Kr C. Hank ; withont Ae 
DOBwont dabotation of the ktter, the interest ia tbioagfaoBt raabfaed, dear, 
■tdofaUghorderi the narrattve Ia net intoanplad by UgUy coloo^ tdea 
ftvm tha naticnal baditkna, nor ara the diapten on AbTaamk raliavad hy 
Mo i i f D M artfBcti ftomLndolf aod theFoc ta gBaae miMiwm y woafca ; bwt,lilw 
nr C. Hanl*'a wccfc, it Ia, itiang« to wr, in eomriete. W« do net haciw bew 
Mr. JohMbn baa anv«edth«autterwtthhiapBbGahar,er if ha hw paopoaelr 
haplbadaMlarialfa-anad£tk)Mlwoii; bBteoaMdartagthefaenltieeand 
dügata mdRgoDe in attainiw AbjMinta, both ffir C. Uuria bmI Hr. Jobi- 
■toB wen natmlty expactad bj the pnblk tn lalale how they got bade 



TBATKL8 DT 60CTHEBH ABT8SINIA. 71 

Britiih munofi, on iti idmtce, ifter tnvelUng nine and a half milee in » 
wetUrlj directwo hont SuguedMi (written bj am anthor, SBgsff«hdah)_ to 
Dawulelu (Daunilelu of Iseoberg and Kr^if), and eight and a nalf nulea 
W. N. W. to Vtaugu\i£, anived at a cantan route to Ausa, pawing over 
hilU la n W. N. W. direction, and at a distonce of two dajs' journey hy 
EafiU, a direction, diatanee, and fosiäim, quite inconiiitent with Ur. John* 
Ucn'a rwwa npoa tbe lubject. 

Tbeantbor mu erideDtly riewed ai an intnider in Abyiüiiiabjr QieBritiah 
iDJuion, ai>d that, altboogh he brought rtores and luxuiiea sknig with him, 
and hadpickednpmuch atiav loggage bj the way. He i» on huarriTalnnt 
Id arreat by WduMma, tbe Mohaininedan goveinorof Ifat,|iartof thekiagdom 
of Sboa.* Liberst«d at length, after a bold bnt unsnccesäful attempt to nm 
KwaTi he reachea the Biitiih mission at Angalala, where, aa occurred with 
iDotherE •■ ■^ - " - " - »' -^ - 



«EngUah trareller, of veiy high meriu, a very scantj a 
«flbrded ; and wbat i» wone, by some unfbrtnnate rnUandentanding or diabw- 
tioD of remark, a quairel fbllowed, and from that time all inten-onne betweeii 
tbe autbw and the meraben of the embauv ceaaed fbr some tnontha. 

Tbe anthor sbould, for hii own aelie, as nii Terecity was calied in qnsftion, 
bare given Mine ezplanation of thia miaundentandinj;; but, be that as it may, 
the public are the gainen by au euemy belüg thiu creat«d in the camp, and 
raanv äcts, wbich the gorgeoui langnage of Uie chjef of the miuion md not 
condetceiid to ootioe, are bere given in the apparently limple langnage of 
truth. It ia quite evident that the King cS Shoa, with the cnnning coauaoo 
to orientall, tö^ advantage fbr bis own pnrpoMt of thia enmi^ honte by the 
nünioa towaidf Hr. Johnttcn. Tbit i» not «mly evident fromuieconTenatic» 
of the Annenian tpy, Bethlehem, who endeaTonred to draw him out by alluding 
to the badefftctfffoducedoDthemindofthekingbytheqaaTTelsoftheembeaay 
with their Krranta, but also by the king'* polite and ßre^uent receptiona of the 
■utbor after, aocording to hii account, the Britiah miasion had obtainsd from 
the king an oider fbr hii being sent out of the coontry, and atUl more m by 
tfaeldng'atellinghimtoremBinquiet,aiuf<(ud^ jlmAortc. Ute miiaiun broaght 
thia upon themielves, by placing the traveller in that poaition whicb obliged 
faim to be dqiendrat npon the king*« hoapitality. 

It ajppean bon onr anthor, that beaidea the dialike created in the mind at 
tbe kiQg by tbe imperioa* bearing of tbe embavy, and tbe Anglo-Iodian 
treatment tttaerraut«, who b«ng lent back to the cowt, In the Ungiüge of Sir 
C. Hairia, " one-half crf'thelr number wäre mnrdcred on their way down," that 
thatfeelipgwaimucbiDcreaaed by tbe infliction of coTporeal pnnishment upon 
ft ioldier, but the bct ii, that the King of Shoa, like nuwt half>iaTage deapoti, 
doaa not want «ther Eiü^iih or Frendi in hii conntry, or the road opened to 
it. He wi« glad to receive tbe tbree hundred mnduta of tbe Engliih and the 
one hnndred and forty of tbe fVeoch miidoiu, and the maiiy valiuible and pro- 
fue preaeula tcndared beiide«, but we have our anthor'i authority, (n>L 11. p. 
364,) (bat hefbre the deiiarture of the mission the king had joinM in a leagne 
with all tbe moaafcbaofSontbem AbyuiniatopTeventthein{rreHof£uro[)eaui 
into the «oontry ; and, a* be elaewhere lay», (vol. ü. p. 70,) "the phytical failure 
of tbe expedition on tbe weatem coait of AfHca ig much 1e*t to be re||Tetted thaa 
tbe great moral iqjnry the cause of African civiliiaUon haa luatained by the 
inomaMlity of one man." 

Ir tbe ftalnre of the mlNioii, and ita hnmiliating departore &om Abyüini«, 
■n maltera of reglet, tbe involTing the miieionary Krapf in tbe diigrace it indeed 
oertainiTmncb more lo. Tbe Kood workiofthätmanarenniveiüally admilted. 
The Mobammedani of Ifat, mys Mr. Johniton (vol. iL p. 46,)'fii11y believe that the 
«xbonatioDi of that pioiii minionarv alone prevented the Negui from chauging 
Ua reli^oQ ; and in plaeei tbe autnor describe« tbe natives ronning out and 
oAring hoipitality almply on the tcore of hii being a fKend of KiapTt, yet thia 



nne and Shoa of (he EDcliih ii now ai acccptcd ai 
Bbfwi, ia the Aaharic i ebtiii, ihe Ethiopic name. 








n nJ^i fjj^^j h^^Pat dte OnettftlwBCNtaDdattindmart di>- 
..^^■'. j^n- ^SL?|^^uk wen die riiDdm rf Ad, Ute m «f 
. (^■[.^^■^.^^^»■■■■.em, tfacmrf Noak. ThebMacrrf 

«JBVcoD^^'' M^-^k^^ofAeKuno. They «m^ am MrtK 
rH W tte'Br Tir Jih n» M, Jlani ftw Ote HnnyBntk iMcnpaco 

tu^Bnot^^B:. ■■■■•'' Uob the duei pann uncnsBoy oe- 
i^^j^ «■Bi'-^Ka^SirtbBmaieorAdiili*. Jht uaAat, dta 
dggfc.^ SB -fit «> l>e94||.dal, >ft«r bU owb fiufaio>, finidM* t^ 

.^M^ ^^C- ^Ür . ■«11».'' «, witbont tbe tennina ügma. With 



it 



NOT 80 BLACK AS HE'S FAINTEO. 



Thor liitBM VC wiil« in mler.* 

Wk kll know tlie nunj namea of the penonage wbo, by tbe c 
rent voicea of Bcrenl generationB of men, is acknowledged to be not 
80 bUck u h« 18 painted— K haadaome MÜnission to make, in & qoarter 
«hen » delicate generositf ftod profonnd de&rance ara no^ perhapi^ 
pre-emioeDtir called for< Hankind, howerer, will peraat in ahewing 
tbis deferenUal epiii, and tba iäct ia eTaijwhere receiTed « india- 
pataUe. 

Wben will mankiod set about pTop«g«di% such a proyerb in their 
own behalf ? Wben will ibey cease to be niore t«nder of tbe arch- 
enany'B repntation than of tbeb ownP Wben will tbej become leas 
k&zionB to to&xn, hj a sbade or two, the intense ahadowB of that 
OomplexiMi, comparad with which the raren down of darkneas ia 
monntain anow, Üian to gire to ill-naed, insultad, depredated hnnun 
natura a liberal prop<»ti<m — n«7, oolj ita just proportioa — of pkasing 
nd and white? Whcxe ia maa's händaome admiaaion in faronr (£ 
man? We know where the dark-featured caricatnre of bim is to be 
fbond. 'Wliere ia the aloning lentence undemeath, confeaaing that 
homanity is not ao black aa it ia painted? 

There nerer waa an age— there ia not an honr of the pieaent— 4d 
which Bome biet ia not added to that inkjr aketch which fledi pene- 
tostet of fleab; and the Aitnra will periiapa be empimed in inveotuig 
new and more attocioiia de£i»miüefl to make the likeneas abatdnt^ 
peiiect. Ia tiie time ncrer to srriTe wben we maj with one aocord 
do the lame jnstioe to our own mortal brethren and libelled selvea, 
which we have done ia a proTerb of nniTeraal drcnlation to theLeader 
of theflendfl. 

Anjbodj wbo ia in want of a new donbt msj', not qmte irrational^, 
p«rh^e,eiitertaiathiB:— 'Wiketberlitoatiirebetrii^tbennmingledbleaä- 
iBg we proetoim it — whether ink be a floid •■> anqmttitmablj nntritionB 
to tbe tbin^ mind— ^whetlur the gooee-qniD be indeed the real plnme 
flf the paradiae bird, dnee Ihcratore, in itatraebistoryof allhnmanitf, 
flnda Bo mnch of tbe ^iabftlJH^ to delineate. Hiere is an ti"'"*'''g 
piofaaioo of kindlj doinga conatantlf going on in tbe world that were 
aerer jet IDiiatrated in fall, or penapa acarcelj hinted at, in bodu; 
bot we mi^ defy an antho', howerer dexterooa, indnatriooa, and 
enmiüa^ to diaocmr an eril, or a combinaliop of erila, in nnbappj 
■an, that luf nerer jet flgnrad inhktofj ra-romance. 

llan ia not so yrn/ as he ia painted. He ia atül pnra white in 
|iliC¥iii. thoo^ meroleea^ apotted with the ink of moraliata. The 
worat ftnh he haa, conauta in not baring long ago diaeovered thia 
flaw in the accoont againat himaelf ; in not haTing patted hia own 
head, and put hia best foot foremoat. On the other band, tbe worat 
finlt attribnted to bim ia, that he ia aelfiah to the oo<e; fix^iab to hin- 
nlf — knaviah, oflen bratäl, to hia fellowa. 

Fool, dark, and monatroua, as is thia pietora of aelfiabneas, nobodj 



74 NOT BO BLACK AS He's FAIHTSD. 

«ver Bttye that fleah and blood are not ao selfish aa they ore pwnted. 
We shöll tiy and find something to aaj for them. 

And thü, in the first place, may bo declared withont mach diffi' 
denc«; that however vilely people use their feUow-creaturea, they atUI 
treat them better thaii they traat tbemselvee. Examplea of thts truth 
are the most common occvirrences to be noted in the world we lire in. 

We call men aelfish, innately and in all things selfifib; and yet oa 
eveiy aide of ua, now and always, we see tliem inflicting upon them- 
selTes, with wonderful alacnty, cheerfiilaesB, and goodwill, the mort 
deplorable injimes. We prononnce themto be selfish, and yetodcnow- 
ledge them to be their own enomiea. Selfish we style them, while we 
behold them everywhere sporting with whatever is most dear and 
precious to them. Selfish we insiat they are, while under oiir ^es 
they are playing pranks at their own cost that moke the angels we^ 
-Selfiahness we still cast in tiieir teeth, Üiough we see them so oppooed 
to evety principle of seif, aa to be oflen engaged, as if for mere amnae- 
inent, in lowering their own choracters, and even ruining their own 
health with their eyea open. 

All this happena hourly. But wheu we catch people serving thdr 
friends and neighbours so, we seize upon the enormity, and hold it up 
for tliü reprobation of morality, or for punishment by law. Iliat 
ceremony over, we sit down and write romance or history to com* 
memorate the dark event. Of these subjecta we make our literature; 
but self-injuries barely serye sa matters for a morning gosaip, or an 
fifter-dinner anecdote. 

To come from generals to particulars. Do we not find peopl^^not 
umversally, to be sure, but widely, ft«quently, keeping their sulka for 
flolitude, and their smiles for sociely? Are they not oAen splenetic^ 
self-tormenting, and blue-devilish, bythefireside, and contributors, tbe 
instant they quit it, to the " hannless stock of public pleasures"? dnll 
as the death-watch in their own Company, but gay as glow-wonni 
when some dark places out of doors are to be ligfated up. How many 
thonsands are alorens to themselves, who pay the veriest nobodiea 
ibeij may meet abroad the compliment of their fiill dressl 

It is not Burely in soliloquies, or in household converse with thoae 
who are eo closely connected with them as to be part of themselvea, that 
men are in the habit of larishing their most diverüng and delightüil 
sayiuga ; they reserre these good things for the exclusive benefit of 
the persons Üiey may chance to encounter on the highway or in the 
social retreat. Left to themselves they are as nobody; but to erery- 
body eise they will be somebody if they can. This is unselfiah, gene* 
Tous, Philanthropie. How can the doctrine of Eelfishness be main- 
toined if the some man who bas no joy in hia own joke, and could never 
laugh at it hy faimself, can yet travel so far into the broad Seid of 
philanthropy as to keep it by him three long months, for tbe sola sake 
of setting some faospitable table on a roar, and bringing it f<Bward for 
the benefit of the jokeless ? 

Again, is it on themselves , or for themselres, that people who hsve 
money to spend most commonly spend it? £very knocker we lift, 
when visiting the friendly and die hospitable, thunders " no." Is it 
<m their own account merely that they decorate and make gay and 
pleasant their habitations in town and cöuntry ? On the oontrory, 
they reside, when olonc, in the plainest part of tbe house; simi^ 
cotnforts, without luxuriance ; papered walla, withont a picture worth 



KOT SO BLACK AB BB'b TAISTRD. IS 

looking at tipon tfaem. But their frienda and intim&t«s — their Tisitors 
— Hth, there you touoh theml It is for Atm that these treasuree of 
m and monuments of tute are gatliered at enoiiDom cost. The works 
' of the fineflt mast«!«, the riebest subjects of virtu, in some cases, it may 
be uud, even the moet raloable featurea of the noble libnuy itself, are 
Bought and dUpIayed, not from any personal ei^oyment in them, bot 
for the sniprin and pleasure of the little crowd of people wtkom the 
owners know I 

Who caa say a word agüsst human natore, or advance an argument 
in Support of its unTaiTing and constitntional selfishness, until he can 
confldently deny these allegations ? 

And when, but oever with the aid or aanction of tnith, he shall 
have ventured lo to denytbem, let him still prepare to anawer : — Is it 
for hia own sake that a kind sonl ordera in scorei of dozens of claret, 
hock, and sherry ; preaervea it in the nicest order, guards it from 
hart aa if it were the living tide in his own Teins ; brings it to light 
in proper season, aod niakes deepondescy merry ander ita influence? 

Let the idiot who could say that the owner of these liquid gloriea 
aonght them for his own aake, perieh without partaking them. That 
bountiful owner, ao far from being touched with the lightest taint of 
aelfishness, haa little joy in them but in pouring out and filling up for 
othera. Dining by himself, he drinks what may be left of the Madeira 
in the dectmter, and thrires, like another Jove, on half-a-pint of port. 
He bnys not wine to drink, bnt to gire. Noble, honourable, gloriona 
human nature ! £ver may we find ourselves in ita oompa&yl 

No more worda can be wanting to ahew that thia mnch-abnaed hu- 
man nature, eveiy atom of which is s&id to take auch care of itaelf and 
to slight alt other component parts thereof, can act, and does indeed 
continually act, upon äie oppomte principle. Selfisbneaa is grosanesa ; 
grosaness is a "fauge feeder;" and yet tbeae lelfish men, who give the 
hannch to other people, dine the next day contentedly on a mutton- 
diop. And when th^ do sit down to the magnificent repast, spread 
in the largeneaa of their aympatfay, in whose plates, let na aak, are the 
choiceat idicea to be seen? Among the lucky, ia the selfiah man, who 
has aimply to carre the venison, to benumberöd? Not he. Whatever 
19 good, whateTer at leaat ig best, ia nearly gone before hia turn can 
come round. He sits there to make a aacriflce, not a dinner. If thia 
be selfiahneaa, we mnst admit aelfishneas to be shockingly prevalent. 

We do not care to adduce too many facta familiär to the whole world 
in diaproof of a selfiah principle in humanity, which really haa no ex- 
iatence, although men tacitly aubmit to the Übel which aaaerts its pre- 
aence ; but we mayrefer, paanngly, to the not uncommon spectacle of 
aelf-dcnial and extreme muniScence. If men — villains aa we may be, 
and bnitally as we may all behsve to our fellow-men — are to be found in 
largo nombei«, who are sparing in their own expenditure and profuse 
in their bounty — nsy, more, who are apuing that they may be profuse 
— it foUowB that the great commandmeot is more than fulfiUed, and 
that one's neigfabour ia sometimes treatcd betler than oneself. 

Bnt wtttaont any self-denial at all, there are yet, in the TOSt ränge of 
human life extending before us, millions of examples wbich exhibit a 
watchful economy in compuiionship with a generous distribution of 
ahns ; and the man who upon System avoids the needleas expenditure of 
ft penny, and would ctril about a fourth part of that sum when a point 
ot extravagance is iUTolred, will give a eheque for a hundred pounda, 



HOT 80 BLACK AB HB'b PAIMTEK 77 

la there nuthiag lionoonble, nothing dignifled, aothing beftatifn], in 
tiÜB characteristic of homwi natnre? To oor thinkiog sach forbear- 
ance ü a grand feature of oor humanitj', and we ahould never forget^ 
when we bave epent a long daj in estimating the actire kindneas that 
ba> been, in numberiees wajs, rendered oa, to spend a week in cal- 
culating the good conferred upon, or preserred to us, no matter which, 
bj dut puaive kindness, wbicb lealed tfae Ups of CtHnmon-Benie up(m 
the merits of hia frieod Poetry. 

Uany wmrda mkj be rightly and properly spoken, not to apeak whidi 
denotea a degree of kindneaa. Many Üiings may be fiürly and eqint- 
ably doDe, not to do wliich ia a kind of phüanthropy. Tbeae onus- 
nooa we of vital «»aeqnenDB. What ahould we pretend to know of 
anj nun, unlea^ when we have aeen whst he haa done, we can eati- 
mate what be did not do. 

*' Small thanka to ymi," satd a plaintiff to one of hia witnessea, " for 
what 70a Said in this cauae." 

" Ah, sir," aaid the cooacioiia witneaa, " bnt just think of -what I 

PhiloM^bos, B8 wdl aa poeta, go on enJai^ing npon man's inhumani^ 
to nun, when eveiy day bring« countlesa proofa that veiy common- 
place people — persona who are anything but enthnsiaBts — are guilty at 
least of the mpprtuio veri soldy to serve others. Preachera and 
lectnrera declaim againet our selfiahnese, and yet nine-t«ntba of the hy- 
pocriaiea are practiaed and «uoouraged to pleoae the people aroond; as 
tfae actor, onenjoying in himaelf and nnpütidpating in the illusion of 
tfae Bcene, aima at diffuaing pleasnre among hia andience. When men 
become falae to thamaelTea for tfae sake of the world, they may be sUly 
or tnad, but tbey can hardly be aaid to hav« no concern for maakind. 
When they voluntarily min themselTes outright to pleaae Bociety, tfa^ 
may be alavish enongh, bot acarcely aetfiah. 

Many a poor gentleman do we know wbo can be prored to have lost 
bia own heälth by drinking with ardour tfae healtha of other people. 
Here'a diainterestediieas ! The more heartUy he wisbed good health or 
better faealth to everybody, the more hia own, unhappüy, declined. 
Bat did that atop bim 7 Did it ever momentarily check the fervour of 
hia diaughta in behalf of the oonraleecence of mankind? No; for he 
drank until aelflahneaa was utterly wasbed ont of bis clay, and conld 
hia wiahea bave prevailed, there wonld hare been no auch ftinctionary 
left alive aa the phyaician he was doomed to sammon. 

But there is yet another large and influential claaa who are almost 
proverbially known througbont dviUzation, aa upholdiog the character 
of humani^ for great and genuine kindnesa ; and tfaese aloae shonld 
be aufficient, whether in nnmber or in quality, to prove that, like the 
devil, man is not so bad as he is painted. One haa aa much right to 
" bis due" aa the other. 

The penons here allnded W are commonly known in lifo aa people 
who are " too kind." Talk of the prcdominance of setf-lore, and the 
conalant growth ofthat hard unsympathieing kind of character, which 
riaea up as a stone wall round aodcty for sensibility to knock its head 
againa^ without a chance of escape, — why, myriads of exiatencea are 
upon ihe earth — nay, are gathered witbin the Chrisüan circle — of 
whom tfae only character that could posaibly be givcn woold be, they 
are too kind I 

If you had lost a horse and were travcl'bonnd, they might not bare 



A JAE OP HONET FEOM MOUNT HTBLA- 



> BBSPHKRS. — EU CATCH Ot 

Tn thc preceding part of the article before ns, we spoke of our grest 
]>oet, Spenser,in hia connexion withVii^, and in respecttohisfailiire 
iii Qttempting to engmil the sweet nuticity of Theocritua on a 
northem atock. In tmtli, with all bis love of the woods and fleMs, 
für which he had a poet's trne passion, and never could live «rithont, 
be was not qualifled to excel as a porelj pastoral writer. He waa 
too leamed for it, too fuU of the writers before him, and oonld 
not dispenae wiüi tbär chivaliy and mjrthology. His wooda were 
Greek ratber than Engliah; or if English, tbej were the Englisb of 
a former time. When Venus and the Graces were not there, he 
saw enchantresaes and knights errant. He always häd viaions, as 
Milton had, either of Jove and Froserpine, or of — 
** Faery dmueU met ätforati wide 

By kDigfab of Logm ind of Ljron«^ 

Lätatot, or PHltat, or PtUtnin." 

Bat thia elevated him to the high ideal of the suhject; and no man 
would have writtcn so flne a pastoral as he, of the clasaical or 
romantic aort, had he eet his luxuriant wita to it, instead of attempt- 
Ing to get np an uncouth dance with the ''clouted ahoon" of Hobbinol 
and Davie. He could hare besten Den Jonson, Fletcher, and alL 
Under pictnreaqne inflnencea, he never failed to add beaut; tobeaut^. 
In the original of the paasage wc bave alluded to, which he imitated 
from Bion, (the storr of " Cupid and the Fowler,") Bion mcrely makes 
the boy-fowler take Cupid in the trcea for a bird, and endeavour to en- 
anare him; endtng with a prettj admonition from an old naster of 
tbe craft, not to persevere in his attempt, Boeing that the bird in ques> 
tion was a very dangerous bird, and would come to him soon enough 
bj-and-hje of hifl own accord. In Spenser, Cupid has wittgi coloured 
like the train of the peacock; and afCer flosbing out beautifuUy from 
the hughes to a tree, le^a from bough to bough, and playfully catchea 
the stones thrown at him in his hanü. All the preceding detoila, too, 
which are füll of truth, are Spenaer's: 

" At lengtb within tbe jvie todde 

(There Bhrowded «ai Ih« litUe god) 
1 heard ■ buiie bnttling ; 

I beiH mv bolt *nin« tbe bnih, 

Lutning f/anit iking did nuA, 
But uien heard no Dore niHliog. 

Tho, peepiDg elou into the thicke. 

Uight tee the moiing nf «ome quicke. 
WhoM ihape appMrM not] 

Bat vere it faerie, ttoead, or nake, 

3Iy courage yeam'd it to awake, 
And manfiilly thereat ahott« : 



A JAK OP HON&Y FBOH HOtIHT HTBLA. 



tpolted wmgti lii 
J loMgUiig lopt U 
Sil SüMtn quitur al iu bacltt; 
Aiidtibm WMB«, MlUal wiu bmt dacit, 

Whkh lightig htbeMatme: 
Th>t seeing, I hTcld Kgxinc, 
And ihotle at him witli might and miynt, 

A» thieke tt it bid fadjlcd. 
80 long I (bott, ttwt »U «M ipentt 
Tho pomie nonei 1 hudlj hüit, 

Aod tfarev ; bot nonght mTBjlcd : 
He was ao «iinbl« and «> vight. 



Latehtd, ia eatight .- uid pumiet, and ptame-ttona, are pnmee-^baiDft», 
a vtrj l^ht minent. The fowler ia comäderal«, and wonld not brak 
his bird's head. Tbis paasage U one oF the leaat obsolet« in its etjte 
of bU tlie " Sliepherd's Caleadar;" yet wbat a pitj to see it defimned 
with words reguiring ezplanation, Budi as htcktd for cixight, cHo för 
thtn, iope for kaped, &c. With the like oeedleos perrenity, fw- 
getful of bii elevated calling, Speoser, in bis pastor^ character, do- 
lighte to designate himselT as " Coüb Clon^" as tbough he wve nodüng 
better than a patch in the very heela of clod-hopping. And ytitf 
under this name, he sees the Nymphs and Graces dandng round his 
shepberdesB upon Moimt Acidalel The passage, otherwiae, ia one of 
bia most elegant pieces of invention; and with tbe leare of Grecüui 
t<HK)graphy, maj be eaid to exhibit the verj highest region and crows 
of Üie paatoral aide of Famafisus. Sir Cdidore, the Knight o£ 
Courtesy, (for tbua doea he nüz up the classical and romautic grounda; 
but no matter for that, since they are botb in tbe regiona of inugina- 
tion,} hears a noiae of muüc and dancing aa be ia approacbing the top 
of Moant Addalej and upon looking amongst the treea, wben hß reacb» 
it, be seea a ahepberd pipiog to hia love, in the mid«t of a circle of— 



But we muBt not lose tbe description of the place itaelf: 

*■ It wu an hill, platte in an open plaine, 
Hat Toand i^iönl wu botder'd with a wood 
Of matebleaM Light, ihit laeni'd th' canh to diadaino, 
Ia whieh all (tmi of honoor itatel^ alood. 
And did all «int«r ai in »nmmcr bad, 
6 w edding paTilIioD) for the ^lirdi to bowre, 
which in thrir lower braoneh«! aang iload t 
And in their lops the «iriog hawkc did towrc, 

Sitlmg lUa h»g y/oiA» in majei^ aitd pimn : 

" And at the foote thereof a genlla find 
His uItct wate* did aolüy tamble dowoe, 
UDmar'd «ith raggi'd mosM or Glthj niod; 
Ne mote w;ld bewtea, ne mole ihe mdcr clowne, 
Tlierelo approch ; nc fiith mote thcrein drowne: 
Bm Nymphu aiul Farritt bg lAe ioMcib dii üt 
In tht woodi' thaJt, wlm}i dtd lA» miter* erwm, 
Kttpmg all nofmm* tkiitgt mmagfnm it, 
Aitd to tht »eaUn/all tmüitg thtir uxaMJb. 



■US OV HÖHST FBOX XODITr HTBLA. 



danAM, irben the^ to duince wonld fkioe, 

^ o emme about their bsMs ÜRbl i 

*//V|.^.^ <il Iher« wanted, wLich for jdeaiora might 

■^S'-f^ 1 be, or tbcD«« la b«u*li hal« : 

V/^^ <^ >>uiitl7 the hin witli cquaU hight 

^ icem lo OTerlooke tbe lowly Tale ; 

: fore it righlly clcepM wsi Mount Acidile. 



:>* 



Uni . 

Aod Tot hcneifit Hm« gtultom« port, 

Or with tbe Oiaen thrre to pby ud tpttrt ) 
"^« That even her o«d Cjtheroii, ttMDgh in it 

. ,^ She med moal to kcepe her lajiü coart, 

' T^fV And in her «oterain« m^^caty to lit, 

- .^^ , *^ Sbe, in regafd bercoi; refutde aod tboaght tiii£L 

, ~^ f " Uoto tUi place wbeo u the elfin ktuglit 

'^^t^ ' Approcht, bim aeemtd that the merry aonad 

f'j^ *< Otaihrill pipe h« plajing heard dn bi^t, 

^ ' '^ And nunj feets ^t thnmplag th' hollow groand, 

'' j^ That throa^ tbe woods tht^ir rcbo did rebaoiid. 

y^ He hitber drew, lo weete what mote it be : 

j V Tbcr« he a Iroope of Ladiei diaocin); foaad 

•% Fnll merrilf, and making gladfutl glee, 

^ Y Aad in the midat a Sbepbeanl piping b« did ae*. 

" He dnnt not enter into Ih' open greenr, 

For dread o( theto onawarei to be drscryde, 

For breaking of their daunce, if he vtrt *een« ; 

Bat in the corert of the wood did bjde, 

Beholding all, jret of them nneipjde ; 

Tbcre he did lee. tbat pletaed mach hii aight, 

That even he himKlf hu eyei envf de. 

Am hadnd naitd »aidfni, liOg ichite, 
M ramagU ni a ring and dmaieiitg in drlight" 

FaxJUB QoBEMB, Book tL Canto 10. 

In the middle of this orb of fair crcatures, the beauty of which 
there b nothing of the eort to equal, (unless it be those drcles of 
lily-white atamens «hich, «ith such esquiaite mystety, adom the 
GommoneBt flower-cups; — so profuse of her poetry is Naturel) Sir 
Calidore see« " three other ladies" both donciiig and Binging — to wi^ 
the Graces; and in the niidst of " those »ame three" waa yet another 
laäj, or rather "damsel" (for she was of rustic origin), crovned with 
a garland of roses, and so beautiful, that she was the veiy gern of the 
ring, and "graced" the Graces themselves. The hundräl njoipha, as 
tbej danced, thrcw flowers upon her; the Graces endowed her with 
ihe gißa which ehe reflected upon them, enhanced; and a shepherd sat 
piping to them all. 

Never, snrdy, was snch deificadon of a "country lass;" and well 
might the poet hail hia spectacle in a rapture of aelf-complacency, and 
e his pipe to play oo. 



" Pfpttjaüii Atphtardl pyjie Aim hob apatt 
ÜMa Ikg bivt, thsl made tliee low to lont. 



(He ha> raised her from the conditio» to which he stooped to obtaia 
her.) 

g2 



83 A JAR OF BOSSr FBOX UOÜNT BTBLA* 

Thy lore i« preMDl Iben wiA thc« in plao^- 
(That is, in the midst of bis poetry and his fanie.) 

Thy love ii there idTaniut (a bt latiMer Graa," 
But a mighap iu on the beels of thü viaion, caDnected with onr 
Author's professed attempts at paetoral i for so we have little doubt U 
JB, tkoagti the commeDtators faave given it another meauing. Sir 
■Caliderei not kDowing how to truet hia eyes at a sight whicfa so 
-" enriched" them, left tbe covert thiough which he looked, and went 
lowards it : — 

** Bat soone si he appsin^ lo their Tieir 
Thc j TBaubl «JI awaj, ont of his light, 
And elMoe «er« gonc, «hieli «ay be never kaev, 
A:1 MTe Ih« »bepberd ; whii, for feil d«l^bt 
Of thu diipleuur«, bioke hU bag-pipe qoigbt. 
And made greal moae tat Üiat unlüppy lume ; 
Bnt CalidoK, Uuwgb no len lorry «igU 
For tbat mUbap, y«t «eeiiiK him to moane, 
Drc« neue, tbat be Ibe tnith of all by bin mot« leane.' 

Sir Calidore, the knigbt of Courtesj', is tmdcrstood to be Sir Philip 
Sidney, who, in hia " Defence of Poes^," had objected to the st^e t^ 
the "äiepherd'a Calendar;" and as his word was takea for hnr in 
matters of taste, and the critiäsm was probably fatal to tbe poet's 
continuance in that style, (for at all events be dropped it,) we have 
Bcarcelj a doubt that Spenser alludea to the fact of hia giving up 
pofitoräl'writiiig in consequence. He breaks his pipe; not, it seems, 
iike mofit autbors, when they give way to critics, witbont much se<Tet 
-rexation— 1U7, a "feil de^pigbt," as he calls it; candidlj, if not a little 
malieionsly, otvning the whole extent of bis feeliog on Üie aubject to 
his illustrious critic, who had since become his friend. It was a dis- 
■adrantoge which his pride could not feet itself easy wttb, tili it had set 
it to rights. The following is the passage in Sidney's essay: — 

" The ' Shcpherd'e Kalander* batb much poetiy in his Eclogues, 
indeed worthy the reading, if I be uot deceired. That same framing 
•of his style to an old rnstick langu^e, I dare not allow; since neither 
Tbeocrttus in Greek, Virgil in Iaüü, nor Sannataro in Italian, did 
affectit." 

He means that Theocrltus and the otbers wrote in the language of 
their times, and that to be obsolete ta not to be natural. Spenser, it 
is to be obserred, expresely designates bimself in this episode as Colin 
Clont, which is the title be assumed as the author of tbe " Shepherd's 
Cslendari" a "country lasse" is his goddeas in tbat work; and it 
seems far more likely that under this identity of appellntion be sboold 
cotnpl^n, in one poem, of the discouragement given to another, than 
simply shadow forth (as tbe commcntatora think) the circumstance of 
Sir Philip Sidnc/s having drawn him from the couDtry to the court. 
In wbat consisted the abrupt interrention of a proceeding Iike that? 
Wlutt particular vision did it dissipatc? Or boiv could he pretend 
-any right of sorcness in his tone of complaint about it ? And be is 
very eore indeed at the knigbt's intermption, notwitbstanding bis 
«ourteay. Teil me, says Calidore— 

" Teil me irbat mote tbete daini}' dasueli be, 
Wbicb bere vitb tbea do Biake tbeir pleaiant pls;M : 



A JAB 0¥ HONKT FBOH HOUKT HTBLA. 



Wbom bj DO nmuin thou exatt remll igune." 
He could not look back with comfort upOD having been forced ta give- 
np hü pastoral vidons. 

Bat to return to our subject. Tbe all-including geniua of Shak- 
speare has giTen the flnest intimations of pastoral-writing in Bome of 
the niBflqnes introduced in hia plays, and in bis plays themselveg; iT 
indeed " Ab You Like It" migbt not equoll; as well be calied a paa- 
toral pUy as a comedj; thougb, to be sure, the Duke and bis followers- 
do not wSlingly take to the woods, witb tbe ezception of the "sad 
ahepherd" Jaquea; and that is a great drawback on tbe pleasures of 
tbe occasion, which ougbt to breatbe ns freel^ as tbe air and the wild 
roees. Boealind, honever, is a Teiy bud of the postoral-ideal, peeping 
ont of herforester'ajeritin. Again, in the "Winter^s Tale, wbere 
the good honsewife is recordöi, wbo had her "face o' fire" with 
«ttending to tbe gnecrta, and " raj eister," who baa the pnrcbase of the 
eatAbles, "lays it on," aa her brotber the clown sa^s, in the orticle of 
rice, there is the tniest paatoral of both kinds, the ideal and th» 
homelf. 

SasrHaan. ** Fie, dngliler I «ben mj oU «ifr UT«d npon 

Thii d«r, «fae WH both pantln, hntler, cook ; 

Botb d»nc uid mTant ; vek^d aO; ttnfd aOs 

Waidd ting her umg, and dance her tiän ; how hm, 
' o'lMt table, HOB t^ ÜumidtOei 
htrfaeto'fin 
•</ the tooh logt 



\t iqmer end c Ih 
Om nu lieiiUer, and kU ; hajitc» o' fin 
Wüh iahour , and At IhiM tt ' ' ' 



Vhat a poet, and what a painterl ITow a Sapbael, or Michael 
Angelo, now a Jan Steen, or a Teniersi Here also is Autob/evt, the 
moat exquisite of impndent Tagabonds, better even than tbe Brau of 
Sir John Vanbnigh, selUng bis love ballads, so witbout tndeeeni^, 
" which is Strange, and another ballad of a singiug Füh, witb " Are 
jnatioe's banda to it," to voucb for its Tcracitjr. But, above allf beie 
isPerdäa, — 

*■ Tbc pntiicM lavimn law Hut cver 

Ran on the green ivard. — 

No ibepbcrdeu i bnt Flora 

Pecring in April*! CroDt." 

Ferdita also, thon^ snppoaed to be « sbepherdess bom, ie a Skiltan 
princess, and makea onr blüe jar glisten agaio in tbe midst of it» 
utiTe ann and flowers. 

"OPnwfrfilita 

Tot tb« flow^ DOW, tbat, ftigbud, ifaon leUt bll 

Fron IMi'i wagoB ! 

(" Wagon," be it observed, was as inncb a word of reapect in thoa» 
dm aa ** diariot" ia now.) 

Daflbdilt. 

Tbat CODW bcftm tbe iwallow dan*, and tote 

71c made i^Mareh mäh beaulfi -rloletl, dim, 

Bul emeter tkn (Jtc Kdt^ Juno'e tgee, 

Or CjrtlicrM'« breeüt.— äold dxHh, ud 

Tbl erown inprriit 1 liliaof all kind*. 

Tbe Sowr^^e-Ioee baing an* I Ol tfaeH I lack, 

Tomakc jOBgariandsofi and, n j iweet friend. 



84 A JAK OF BONBY TMOU MOUHT HTBLA. 

(Turmng to her lo^er,) 

To ttrew bim o'w uid o'er. 
FiMVZEL. What ) like • eone 7 

PsBOiCA. No ; like » bank, tat lorc to lie and pUy on i 

Not like ■ cone ; or ii, — not to be buriod g 

Bat qaick, and in miae inns." 

SkeSoj baa colled k womaa, " one of Shakspeare's womeiii" in^plj- 
ing bjr that deaignation all that oan be suggested of grace and aweet- 
neas. They were " very subtle," aa ÄEr. Wordsworth aaid of the 
Frecch ladies. Kot thät they were French ladies, or Englüh Etiler; 
but Naturs's and refinement's best poeeible gentlewomea all over the 
World. Tullü d'Aragona, the Italiaa poetesa, who made all her 
goitors lore one another iiutead of quarrel, mnst have been a Kiak- 
peare woman. Gaspara Stampa was another; and we shoald toke the 
aathwess of " Atüd Robin Gray" for one. 

" Sidnej'B siiter, Pembroke'« motber," 
and Lucy, Countesa of Bedfoid, must hare been such. So was MJrs. 
Brooke, who wrote "Emily Montagu;" and probably Madame Bicco- 
bonii and certalnly my Ltüly Winchelsea, who worshipped friendship, 
and green retreats, and her huaband. Terrible people all, to look 
npon, if the veiy sweetness of thdr virtue did not enable m to 
bear it. 

Ben Jonson left an unfinished dramatic pastoral, entitled the " Sad 
Shepherd." It is a story of Bobin Hood, in oonnezion with a shep- 
herd who has gone melancholy mad for the - aupposed death of hia 
mistress — a lucky eharacter for the exalted witfulness of the aathor'fl 
style. The lover opens the play with the following elegant extrava- 
gance:— 

^at-utonB. " H«ie ihe wu wont to go I and here ! and here I 
Juit »hen those daiiies, pinki, ind TiaiUa gctyw: 
7%c iporld mag find tit ^rvtg tg fiJloKnng to-." 

Thia is a tnily lover-like fancy; aad the varioiis, impulsive, and 
flowing versification is perfect But Jonson ean never leare oat hii 
leaming. The lost mistreBS must be compared in the impoaäUe 
lightness of her step, with Vli^il'a Camilla, who ran over the tops of 
com: — 

" For otb«r print her airy itepa ne'er Ittt 
Her treuÜDg would Dot bend a bltde of graw. 
Or «bake the doirnj blow-ball ttom hii Malk." 

Torb£>b'i AndioM Nylltt, 

'What a woman ! How different from the bride of Bedreddin Huaanl 

" ' Vp, Qp in halte 1* tke yonng nun criet : 
Ah t ilender waitt I she cannot liae 
For htBT7 hipi, that bbjf, ' Sit Btill,' 
Aad make her linger 'gainat her wilL" 

The best passage in the " Sad Shopherd" ia a description of a witeh 
and her habita— a subject whlch every way stiited the arbitrary and 
snllen tum of the poet's notions of power. It also enabled him to 
shew his reading, as he takes care to let lu know, by means of one of 
the by-BtanderB>— 



1. JAB (V HOMET FBOH MODRT HTBLA. 1 

'Within a ^ooom j dimUe ilie doth dwell, 
Down in s pit, a'ergrown with bnk«s and briuf, 
CloM ^ At näat ^a liaJtm abitf, 
Ten mik au tartimiMa diint mlo Atgrmad, 
'Moagtt grava madgroU, aeor a» M diamd-haiat, 
Wliere yon ihall find har littiiic in her fann, 
Ai ftvflil uid meUnolKdio u uuU 
Sbe ii aboat with euninllan kellt, 
Aad knotty «obvebs, ronadad in with tpdls. 
Thcnce shc lUal« foith to nfiff in the Ibgi, 
And roflfB aufi npon thc fcnl and bon 
Am« lo fb dmmW faMdi o/ZdMoAiMEv« , 
To nuüte ewe« eaK ibcir bmht, «wine «M thrir &itot, 
The hooMwife'« nn dm woric, oor tbe nilk chnni I 
WriAi tkädrt»'i mrütt, viA «uck thrit breitb in deeF, 
Oet Tiabaf theirbloodi and whcre (ha lea 
CaaU pp iu tlim^ ooa, Karch for a weed 
To open loclti with, and to riTei cbmu, 
Pbnt«d Bbout her in the wieked IrtX 
Of all b«r niiebie^ «hieb are manltbld. 
I wonder «ncfa * Hory coold be told 
Of her dire deedi. 

I Ihoaght a witch't bank« 
Had ineloaed noihing bat tha wenj pnnk* 
Ofiomeoldwomao. 

Tm, her oulioe more. 
Ai it wonld qoiekl j ^ipeai had we the störe 
Or hia coIleetL 

Aj, tbi« good leanied man 
Cin ipeak her righL 

He kuowt her ihifti ud hMBtt. 
And all her wüea and tnnu. The Tenom'd phntl 
inwrewith du Ulla t «he» tha tad mandrake grinn 
whoae groana am dfpathfbl ; the dead-annitriu ni|4itihAdAt 
The itnpi^ing hamlock, adder*! tongu^ 
And martagan : tke thrieka of Inckltaa owlt 
Wa hear, ind eniakinr night-^rowi in the airl 
MW «MUa, Une liredrake« in tb« ikf. 



Tbera in the Rockt oT tree«, mhUt/am da Jwtä, 

WiA tack a iiUk elta^ma m (Anr armt l 
And aii7 ■ptriti play with nlüng ilart. 
And nooni tbe iphere of tre to kia* the moon t" 
While the liu mding hj the gtovwonn't Üght, 
Or rotten wood, tftr Kiuh At «vm kalh erat, 
Tbe baneftil ichedole of her nocent channi. 

The idet of " spui-long elrei," who dsnce about n pooI, carrjvag esch 
a Btolen infant, that must be bigger tbaa thenuelve«, ia s rery c^utal 
and Amtanic borror. 

Old bnrtj aad strong-sensatJon-loving Ben, (as bis friend Chiynan, 
or Mr. Benüiam might have called him,) could ahew, howerer, a great 
deal of delicacy wh^ he had a mind to iL Ue coold tum hia blnater 
into a xefbyr that inspired the young getiius of Milton. Some of hü 
«mrt masqnea are pastoral; and thia is the stjle in which he reoeives 
tbe lüng and qneen. Maia (the goddesa of May) nj»^ 
" If all tbe^eamraa wen diitill'd 
Qtmay flowcr in tBtrg fleld— 

(Tliis kind of retnm of irorda was not common theo, aa he hat ainoa 
nadah) 



JL JAB Or HONET PftOM M01TNT HTBLA. 



And aU that IfghUt bivM do jield, 
Ware iato aat broad maier flU'd ; 
If Uiereto added aU the guma, 
And tpiM thal from Panchaia cobw, 
Tbe odoon tfaat Hjdaspei leods, 
Or Pbonix prorn before ahe endi t 
If all the air my Flora drew, 
Or apiriC that Zsphjr erer btev, 
Were put thenin ; eaä aB lic dno 
tiat tvrr reig manmg ibuw ; 
YM all, diffoMd npon tfaia bower, 
To maie wie i ■ ' - • • ' 



In tha MasquQ of Oberon, Silenus bids hia Satyrs ronse up a couple <^ 
sleeping Sylvans, who ought to bave been keeping watch; "stwhichi'* 
aaja the poet's direcdon, " the Satyrs feil suddenly iato this cat<^ — 
muaidaas know it well:— 

" Bk, qnoth the blae flie, 
An, quolh the bee : 
Bnx mtd nwa tiiey tn/. 

In bia tar, in hia «om, 
Tbiu,doTonMeP [Thig tkläniitm.'\ 

Ht «tt A* donnaat, 
ElMitvaiAc" 

It 18 impossible that anything could better expreea than this, eitlier 
tho wild and pracUcal jokLg of the Satyrs, or the action of the 
thing deicribed, or the quaintnees and fitneaa of the Images, or the 
melodv and eren the harmony, the iaiervourM, of the musical words, 
ona with another. Xone but a boon companion with a verj mnaical 
oar eould have writt«n it. It was not for notliing that Ben hved in. 
th« tinio of the fine cid English composers, Bull and Ford, or partook 
ht* oanary with his " lov'd Alphonao," aa he calla htm, the Signor 
(iVrraboMO. 

>Vt> hnve not yet done with this delightful portion of onr aabject. 
VVtvhor and Sultan awüt na still; together with a word on WiÜiani 
iU\wnO| and on a few other poets, who, though tbey wrote no pastOTalSt 
««tv |iWtural roeQ. 



MY HOUSE IN CECIL STEEET. 

BT HKS. WHITE. 



ik\ WiKMkMd bnt irremediable events are concemod, I have olwi^ 
„t >i thti wlaeat and best plan to buiy them as we do the loved we 
. I«\.tt <WMt »vor after be as carefal of disturbing them. Otherwise 
'«-« t Vji oMUtnatiDg my fonner circumatancea with those in which 
,>, ,>i,v >l)iurud, as thekeeper of a lodging-house^ prodnce what 
,\ .' .,ilt 4 \wy affective bit of colouring, but this is not mj ob- 
l \.\X ihiu'i^ttHVi briefly State, (in ordcr to introduce myself to 
< , . '• , ^ t^4^ jHWträsBed of a handsome fortune, I had early in lifo 
, . ,' t ttAi'ut tuM* *>^ moderale independeace, with whom I conti- 



XT HOCBE IN CEaL-9TBEET. ST 

nued to shsre u complete h^>pinflss as can possiblj fall to tbe lot of 
hnman nature. We had childreo, and oor affairs in other respecta 
vent oa proapennialj; our plantatious flouriehed, our^Socks iiicrea«edr 
•nd aa we always lived within our income, tbere appeared little risk 
of our erer knoning want. In « few j'eors, howeTer, a mania arose for 
apecuUtiiig, and, among the reet, mj husband was seized with Ihe 
prevaiting Jurt»r — heavy lossea wero iDcurred, and thousand after 
thouBand <^ cor pretty property waa withdrawn &om the funds to 
meet fresh demands, and cnsure a retum for the capital alreadj eank 
in the undcrtaking. Like an alchymist in his eearch for gold, or a 
gambler who believes ill luck has lasted so long that the next throw 
must certainlj recover it, he seemed detennined to make ncw triak, 
tin, Bt length, all was lost ; onr wealth bad Tanisbed in the attempt at 
tnnsmntation, and we were lefl utterly mined. 

From this time mj husband'a healtb declined ; the loaa of his 
property, and the alteration it entüled in the circunutancea and ex* 
pectations of bis little bonsehold, preyed npon bis Bpirit with a bitter- 
Beaa little abort of remorae for some actnal crime ; and gradually I 
perceired bis mind jidding to a weigbt that I had not the power to alle- 
Tiate, tili at length he was totallj incapacitated from taking any shara 
in tbe concema of busineaa, or the intereata of hia family. So nn- 
naturaily had mental disease warped his usderstanding, tbat tbe veiy 
afiection of bis cbUdren added to his sufierings, and even / could not 
peranade bim that mj cbeerfulneaa was sincere, and tbat I did not in 
mj beart ciirae him, for tbe want in which he bad invi^Ted us. la 
ftct, in tbe noon of manhood, he bade für to become that sad, aad 
thing, a nerrous hypochondriac; but consumption, of the most rapid 
^ecription, atepped between bim and semi-idioOT, and in lesa than 
twdTemontha from tbe failure of our prosperity, I laid the biuband of 
JOj jonth, the father of mj cbildren, in the grave. 

Bonsed, at length, from the lethargy of grief by the Toice of two- 
fidd dtity, I tnmed orer in my mind the several meana of establiahing 
B home tat mj chOdren, with a proepect of maintaining it, that the sale 
of auch anpemmnerary articles aa renuüned from the days of onr 
«ffluence wonld effect, and flnding it the only business to bc under- 
taken wtthout c^ital, and anxioua, under any circumatances, to keep 
nyself free from pecnniaiy obligations, I stifled my lady-like pngn- 
dicea in the anxieties of human naturei and from having played the 
Iwste« in my hnsbond'a elegant and hoapitable home, aank into « 
Iowcr caste of the aame character, as proprietreas of a lodging-bonae. 
Z did not, bowever, have reconrse to that intereating form of adver* ' 
tioement which tella you, that " a widow lady, wböse daughters are 
miwcal, at who is beraelf of an agreeable disposition, having a larger 
bouae than her present circumatances reqnire, (of course in a genteel 
neighboorbood,) ia desirous of adding to hei/amify eirele, (felicitou» 
l^inse,) by tbe accesgion of one or two gentlemen, or ladies, who are 
anxious to enaure the comforts of sodety, and a delightfol home, to 
tbe convenience of a town reaidence." 

VLj establiahment was situated in one of tbe private streets off th« 
Strand, which, lying in the very beart of gaiety and business, midway 
between the courts of law, and dose to the theatres, was a farourile 
locality with East and Weat Indian mcrchanta, army and navy men od 
leave, persona ragaged in law snits, and provincial famiüea Tiüting 



HT HOU9B IN CBCIL-STBEBT. 89 

tha mistrust thftt denies a sister-form the shelter of s roof merelj be- 
caiue accideot or misfortuae has obliged her to apply for it under cir- 
cumstances rather uncanTentionaL Putting down my youngest giri 
from Tay Up, and disengaging mj waist and Shoulder frotn the drcling 
■rmi of the other two, I composed mj drees and countenance to thdr 
aocuBtomed quietude, and p&eaed od to the apartment iato which the 
BQTTant had ehewn her. A travelliiig trank was alreadj in the hnü, 
and aa I opened the oppoät« door, the vehicie drove off. 

Now there ia in the human heart andi a love of vaüigloiy, that 
though it maj bave made itaelf up to the commiesion of a kind actitm, 
it Likes the dioice of doing it to rest with itself, and at this aspect of 
thingB, I confess I feit a great inclination to revoke mj decision in 
the lad^B favour, and to ehow myself supreme in my oirn house. Bnt 
it wasonlyamoiaentary thought; thenezt Iwaaamiling&tmyownini- 
potence, for it was such a night of nun and stonn, that I could not have 
fonnd it in mj heart to have put a wann out of doora that had managed 
to wriggle its poor, naked, unsheltered faead within the sill. So I 
entered the apartment, making up my mind to concede gracefuUy wfaat 
I could not comfortably withhold. The Btranger who atood with hec 
back towards me was about myownheight (which iaof that atature that 
18 called commanding), but a certain exility in her form gave jon an idea 
of extreme delicacy and youth ; she was dreased with a rieh plauiness, that 
beapoke her of a class of life far remored from its ordinary exigendee; 
but her countenance, wfaen sbe tnmed od my approach, and put bock 
the costly veil tbat abaded it, bore melancholy evidence that circum- 
Btances, however advantageoua, cannot raise us above the lerel of 
humanity, and that whatever the rank, the barbed ahai^ of miafortune 
can find ua out. So moving an ezpression of dejected aogniah, npon 
featores in their noon of yonth (and otherwise beautilul), it haa never 
been agün my fate to see — fear, perturbation, agony, were stwnped in 
rigid charactera upon lip, and Invw, and cheek, and I feit awed by the 
preaenoe of grief that oompletely baffled my knowledge of the heart^a 
dark Mcreti to imagine. Iwss pained out of my natural collectedneaBi 
and oould only look the aympathy with which ehe inqnred me. 

" I have no apology to offer," she eaid, in a low, aweet voice, but 
with the laaguor of fatigue and depreaüon — " no apology to offer you, 
Mra. Maxwell, for the time, the way, in which I come to you, f^ien 
I teil you I am the daughter of C<doneI Singleton, you will not be 
■nrpriaed that I should bo unceremonioualy make your house my home. 
I have often heard of you, and I feel I have onty to teil you that mj 
Coming ia in consequence of a great and Budden affiictäon, to enanre 
your thinking lightly of any inconvenience I may poaibly oooaaioB 
yon." 

I asanred her, " that the name of ber faAer (an <M frieod and 
beneftctor in the early days of my own tribnlatkin) gave her a weigh^ 
Claim to my attentions; but that wantbg tMt, the knowledge <tf her 
being in afflictioD waa an all-suffident motive fbr my exerting mysdf 
fbr her tnuporary comfort." She thaoked me with the sweet amÜe of 
habitual coorteey, though her Ups trembled, and her large eyea dilated 
with the emotion Bhc struggled to Bubdue. 

" Her buaineBs in town, ehe said — and a sort of spasm abook her 
aa abe apoke — " woold be very briefij ended ; it might detain bc^ onty 



» -fi^* .3» ^».3g""f v.gf^ , .g; :^.;^ '^^ 



1 to bo- raoH vnlim mj 
kd br. wh^ tke maay 
ttK. nn «n £sp«ed ti, 
l^tlr ip t» the ifMrt- 
m*^ 'of tbt gäer-wm 
^ mj J"[»f giris and 

nn ntun tkea I o^ 
ör fear of £««riwig ■; 

OX, fttto BS 1 MttVC MM, 

uiifui fro^ toe tiiHitd 
, rta ggerii^ agiinft tbe 
rattling the smIks as if 
ke a h\iag Üäag in its 
ranbliDs düniDejtf md 
fike m efafld dnamii« of 
I beiped tfae pBawa «o 
ü qnite orer it — I cwiU 
pest, oor ehnt from my 
8, shipwreck, and devis- 
le itf the pMises of the 



»7 HODSB m CECIL-BTREET. 91 

storm, I became conscioas of the Bounds of Uving, Bctual anguish— 
aobs more bitter and thrilling than those of the mocking winde, and 
groana tbat I could only imagine were extorted hj some severe physical 
Bufieriog. It Struck me that fattgue, added to her state of mind, had 
induced lome auddea iUneaa in m; fellow-eleeper; and I rose, threw 
on mj dreaaing-govrit, and aeeing, bj tbe glinunering througb the door* 
iraj, that the light was not extinguühed in her room, I was aboat to 
enter, when 1 perceived the unhappy lady kneeling at the bed'a feet, 
not andresaed, but wilh her hair dishevelled, her bonds cloaped, and 
her lipB, finding no language forcible enough to expre^^s the deep 
prayer of her spirit^ moving with wordless Bounda of indeacribabte 
sngiiisb. I was awed — astoniahed, and shrunk back from beholding » 
conflict that was for tbe eye of God alonel Oh, the heart-quake of mortal 
agony, that shook tbe breast of that miserable womanl — the strudle 
between the Strang heart of human looe, and its omnipotent but idl- 
Ju8t Makerl And these are the scenes that pass between Earth and 
Night, and the Power that made theml 



JESSB'S LITE OF GEORGE BRUUUELL THE BEAÜ. 

Tbe biogr^iheT of Brummell hu nothing more honounble to record of him 
than tbe fact which is meotiooed in the preface, aod ia pleasant to rend — that, 
AlthoDgh be bad certainly writt«n lome aetached papers in the ihape of remi- 
niiceaces, and had • book, tecured b^ ■ lock, conUtniDg notes of liis own life 
and recollectioos of the gaj world in which he had once flonrished, be was 
never temptod, in anr excew of pecuniary trouble, to publisb them for his 
beneSt. When in jail, at Caen, für debt, he had letters and papers tbe tale of 
which would hare releaaed him from all difficultiea, and a la^ »um is said to 
have been then offered for bis menioin ; but the resolution not to compromiw 
Dthen orercame the most powerful temptatiuna, and George Urummell has, in 
Ihii respect, acted after a tiuhion which should never want followera. 

The circunutancea we have jiut mentioned tnight, we venture to think, 
bave protected bis memory ttcyta »ome of the painfal, humitiatiog, and hi 
everf lespect lickening diiclusures of which tbe mter pages of these memoira 
CODUSL It would have been enough to know that the madhouae was the final 
scene, and that the poor gentlemen'a bodily infirmitie« had redaced him to a 
conditioD too offensive to contemplate. The picture of misery and fllth is tbe 
more intolerable, from its contrast wUh tbe nne soaps, powders, perfumes, and 
^tillations innumerable, for which the luiuriant beau had such a possion all 
his day» — apossion which pursued bim to the very close.renderingodoursand 
Goncoctioni of the dainticit character as etsential to him as food, and makug 
the natural man a wretched martyr to the wants of the fop. 

The impresiion which thei« revelations of the character, conduct, and con- 
dition of this once famoUa personage hvie upoo tbe mind is a melancholy omw 
T^re is a touch of melancholy even in the ludicruus description on the title- 
page — " George Brummell, &q., commuoly called the Beau." We begia 
with laugbing at him ; at we pmcecd, eitimating hii boundlesa influence over 
bia generation, atlained Kenerälly by no very coirupt or injurioui means, we 
fleel a respect generoted bjr hin unparalleled impudence and inconceivable 
•uccess ; and we end, not without rouch contempt, yet with infinite pity fbr 
him, and feebngi of streng tesentroent at the cold, ibabby, woithless conduct 
to which — nest to bis own habiti of extravagance, tbat were uncontroUabl* 
and more than lecond nature to him — he died a viciim. 

The Bgure her« eut hy several of hii fine friends, but eapedally br tha 
bighnt of them al), is little calculated to make any man, how cctD^erato 



POEMS BY COVENTRT FATHORE. 

Mr. Mozoo ii constituted, pMt all contcDtion, the Poet's Fubliiher. The 
Uns«! hsTS gTMited tum lett«n p«t«iit, and eicellect um be aj^ars to mike 
of hii privilege in tbeir lervice. The yoDDger bards vrith tneir treunied 
mantuwripti flock about bta door, a* laden b«es retnm to their bire; and eraij 
now aod tben there i» ■ new conwr, wbooe long prorw aoTthinr but a biun. 
But (ince tbe day (wbenever tbat maj have been) on wbicn the uut true po«C 
(wboe* er he maj be) was iutrodaced to public notice, and bliuhed in tbe 
world'i eje, we know of no sucb temce rendared to tbe Mose as ii perfbrmed 
in tbe bnoging fortb of the volume befbre na. 

It ii a fint volume, hj a band ontriftd in any order of literature, — aa it weQ 
maj be, beioKi we believe, ai ret »carcely ot age. These are a jouth'i fint 
poema, and tEe; have a ;onth • fint feolti icattered tfarough them. But it ia 
not necesaarj to claim for them anf additional ntetit ocinterest on tbe scon <£ 
earlr jean ; thej have interett enougb withont that plea. Still leu ii it 
needful to aäk on anj* auch sronnd iDonl^enee fat tbeir nüitakes and obacuri- 
tie« 1 the poemi can affi>rd tö be taken with their imperfectioQ«, and stand in 
need of no indulgeace. 

The poetn of the present age, «hich prove«, taking it aa a whole, so splendid 
a portion of our literature, is ■trikina'tf , and bejond a»j fonner exaiuple, 
Tarions in its tone and sympathies. £ach of our emineDt poets haa a roanner 
of bis own. Campbell (wbo has just left a deathleu naine behind him) hts 
leaat apparent or prevailiog onginality, and yet bis fine, grand, flresb-soiuding 
odet have not the slighteat resemblance to anfthing written before or sinoe. 
BjTon, Keats, Wordsworth, Coleridge, all the masters who live or h«Te lived 
In onr time, — 

** Who having beeu, most cver be," 

eacb in hü mightj line is diitinct ; and not one of them conld, to tbe extent of 
a half-doten verses in succeision, be coofoimded with an j past or conteniporaiy 

liiere ix a1«o a distiiKtive mark upon the poetir o( Ihii Tolune. In it we 
maj diMem tokens, not few or to be mistaken, of a taste caught rapturonsly 
frooi the stndj of tome modern writers, and perhapa of a partialitj sa strong 
U to inflnence imensiblv tbe creatire power of tha mind — so for as to direct 
aometiines it* choice of form», and to suggest to tboughtita particular channeli 
of int c re a t and lyeculation. But in all theessential and disünguishing quaUtiea 
of poetr/, theae poema belonc eotirelj to the soil thej have sprang from, and 
are thagrowtb of an ondivided and self-dependent power, bent on working 
ont witbont fear ita own pnipoees. 

Tbere are fanr diief poem* in the collection. Tbe itania with wbich the 
first opens, illnitrates, by an iinage, the bold simplidtf often ^icemible in the 
after p^es. 

" It ia a «cDcnble place. 

An old aoceilnl groond ; 
So iridt, Ae rainbo» vhJSy tUmd» 
WilkM iU hrdiy bottiuV' 

Tbe storj ii not of uie rainbow, bat the thunder-cloud. Darker than night 
i* it* conrse, like the current of " The Biver," that givM to it a name ; jtA 
heaven's atan an reflacted in it, dimly, but beantifully. We know not whera 
to qoote : 



** Bevood ihe Rircr, boandioK all. 

A hott of gnta bill* atand, 
TIm inanor>nte tbeir «eotraJ point, 

A* ebecrfal a* a band 
Of happ; ebildien roood ib^ chit^ 



■* TI>»ir ihtdov* tnm the Mltiog *nn 
Reach all aeron tbe pliin ; 

The gnard-houDd, in th« lUent night, 
6wp« wrangliog *ith bis chain, 

To haar, at everj bunt of bark«, 
Tbe hiU* bark back again." 



EiUDded,band 

The bat two tbiea exhibit % felicit; often to be noticed — a singular harmonv 
bctwaen HMUtd and aenae ; an effect whieb should alwsj« be unforeed, aa It 
tXmyt it bere. The loetM changet preaentlj^ : 



w 

lii 

m 
ll 



S:. 



feJsi'-^-Ä=|?l"*--S"S-:|::i^* 



.,«, .5. .g—j. .g, .g. .^ 



^afnt 3amttf'0: 



THE COURT OF QDEEN ANNK 

BT THE EDITOB. 



BOOK THE THIBD. 

CHAPTXK THE FIITH. 



OniODfALLT sppointed for the Sth of Febmary, 1710> Doctor 
Sachevereirs tn&l was postpooed to the 27th of the same month, 
OQ the ground that Westminster Hall could not be got readj for 
the reception of the court before that period. The length of titne 
that elapsed betveen the ImpeachmeDt and the pn»ecutioii was 
&Toarwte to Sacheverell, inasmuchas it gave ample opportun!^ 
fbr the raeparation of hü defence ; while no art was neglected 
to propitiate the public in his bebalf, and heighten the feeung of 
animosi^ idreadj entertoined agaixiBt bis opponents. 

Hü Portrait was exbibtted in all the print-shope ; balladB 
were aung about bim at the corner of eveiy stieet; reference was 
constantlj made to his case hj the clergy of bis partj in their 
sennons, and some even went eo fär as to o^r up public 
prajere " für the dcliverance of a brotber ander persecution &om 
the hands of bis enemies ;" the imminent peril oi the church, and 
tbe excellence of its Constitution, were insisted on ; the most 
fmiouB zealota were made welcome guests at the board of Harlej 
and hie Griends, and instructed now to act — the principu 
toast at all such entertainmcnts beioff "Doctor Sacheverell's 
health, and a happv deliveraoce to him. 

The aspect of tiungs was so alarmiog, that long before the trial 
came od, tbe greatest misgivings were Kit bs to its issue by the 
Whig leaders, and Godolpbio bitterly repented that he had not 
listeDcd to the advicc of Lord Somers, who had recommcnded a 
simple proeecution in a court of law as the safest and most judi- 
cious course. But retreat was now too late. The taste had been 
nodert^en, and howcTcr difficult and dangerous, it must be 
gone throogb witfa. To quit the field witbout a stmggle would 
M woree tlun defeaL 

Warmly attached to the cburcb, and led by Harley and Abigül 
to believe that it was rcally in dan^er, the queen was mclined from 
tbe fint towards Sacheverell, ana this blas was confirmed by tbe 
iDcauttous admisaian on the psrt of the Whigs of the le^timacy 
of her brotber, the Frince of Wales — an admisrion which, 
b2 



THE COURT OF QDEEH ANNE. 97 

Tbe managers aod committee of tbe commons having takea 
their places, Sachevercll was brought to the bar, Tvhen tbc pro- 
ceeilingB werc opened by the attomey-general, who was fbllowed 
by Mr. Lecbmere, after which tbe particular passages of tbe 
sermoD on wbicb the impeacbment was groundeu, wcre read. 

The case, bowever, proceeded no further on this d^, but 
the court being adjoumed, the doctor was cooducted back 
to tbe Temple by tbe same coacouise who had attended bim to 
WestmiDstcr Hall, and wbo bad patientlj awüted bis comiag 
forth. 

Tbe Dext day, the crowds were fär more numerous thao before, 
aDd tbc approaches to tbe place of tiial were so cloeely beset, 
that it required tbe iitmost efforts of the guard to maintaia any- 
tbing like a ahow of order, Groanings, bootings, and menaces, 
were laviahly bestowed on all the opponents of Sacheverell, while, 
on the coatrary, bis fiiends were welcomed witb the loudeet 
cbeers. 

It was expected that tbe queen woald attend the trial, and a 
little before twelve, a passage was cleared for the royal carriage ; 
Dotwitfastanding which, the vehicie proceeded very slovrly, and 
wbeD nearlr opposite VVhitehall, a stoppage occurred. Taking ad- 
vantage of tbe pause, eeveral persona pressed up to tbe winaow, 
and said, " We hope your majesty is for Doctor SacheverelL" 

Anne was somcwoat alarmed, and leaned back, but Mrs. 
Mashara, who was with her, answered quickly, " Yes, yes, good 
people, ber majesty ia a friend of erery true friend of tbe 
cburch, and an enemy of its persecutors." 

" We knew it — we knew it T rejoined tbe questioners. " God 
blesB your majesty, and deltver you from evil counsellors ! Sa- 
cheverell and hign cburch — huzza !" 

" I say, coacbee," cried one of the foremost of the mob — a 
great niffianlT fellow, half a bead taller than the reit of tbe 
oystanders, with a ragged green coat on his back, and a coal-black 
beard of a weck's growth on his chin — " I say, coacbee," he cried, 
addresBing Proddy, who occupied bis uaual position on tbe box, 
" I hupe you're high cburch ? " 

"High as a steepie, my weathercock," rcplied Proddy. " YouVe 
little to do with low cburch youiself, I jpcss ?" 

" Notbin', " returoed the man, gmmy. " But since such are 
your seDtimeats, give tbe words — ' Sacheverell for ever I and 
down with the Duke of Marlborougb I ' " 

" l've no objection to Sacheverell," said Proddy ; " bot I'ra 
blown if I utter a word ^ainst tbe Duke of Marlborongh ; nor 
sball ony one eise in myliearin'. So stand oside, my maypole, 
onlesB you want a taste of the whip. Out of tbe way uere I 
Ya bip — yo ho I " 

Scarccly had the royal carriage passed, than the Ducfaess of 
Marlborough catne up. Her gracc was alone in her cbariot, 
and being instantly recognised. was greeted witb gtoans and yella 



TBE COURT OF QDEEH ANNE. 99 

When tbe earriage teacbed Whitehall, the riioats were almoet 
deafening, and bundreds prened roucd the doctor, invoking 
hhwHiipi on bis head, and pnjing fbr bis benedicticHi io returo. 
ThJa WM nadily accorded bj Sacbererell, wbo, riüng in tbe 
cnriage, extended bis baods over tbe mnititnde,. crpag aat, «ith 
peat i^ipareDt fervour — " Heaven bleoB yon, mj bteuRD I and 
ptewne ^u from the snares of your enemies I" 

" And yon too, doetor," cried the rongb Toice of Puicbase» 
wbo WH staading near bim. " Well Ut your penecutora see 
to-o^bt what th^ may expect from äs, if tbey dare to find 
joamulty." 

" Ay, tbat we wiU," responded othen. 

" Well bc^in by bumin' down tbe meetin'-bouaes," shouted 
Daniel Dammare& " llie Whigs sball bave a bonfire to warm 
dieir chopOT fingera at" 

"Say tbe word, doctor, and well pnll down the Bishop 
tf Salisbiuy'B bouse," roared Frank Willis. 

" Or the lord chancellor's," cried Purchase. 

**0r Jack Dtdbeo'i, — he who mored fbr yoor rererence's 
iHteaehment," cried Daniel Demnuree. 

At the mentioa of Mr. Dolben'a name, a deep groan broke 
from the crowd. 

** Shatl we set fire to Hr. Hoadley'a chnrch — Sunt Peter's 
Poor, eh, doctor ?" said Purchase. 

** On no account, my fiienda — my wortby fnends," replied 
SacheverelL '* Abetain from all acta of violence, I implore ofyon. 
Otberwise, you will iojure tbe csose you profeaa to serre," 

** Bat, doctor, we can't come out for nothinff," urged Purchase. 

" No, no, we must eam a liTelihood," said WilUa, 

" I charae you to he peaceable," rejoined the doctor, eitting 
down hast^ m the carriage. 

" NotwitBBtanding what he saj», well pnH down Doctor Bur- 
geas'a meeün' bouse in Lincoln's-Inn-f ields, to-n^t," cried 
jUMnimaree, as the carriage was driven forward. 

" Rigfat," cried a little man, with bis hat puOed orer bis brow^ 
*< it will cormnce the enemies of tbe high chnrdi that we're in 
eamest The doctor may talk as he plesees, but I know s 
tomnlt will be agfceable, as well as serriceable to him." 

" Say you ao," cried Purchase ; " then well do it We 
meet at seven in Lincoln's-Inn-Elelds, comzadea.* 

"Agreed," cried a bundred Toicea. 

" And don't forget to bring yonr clubs with you, comrades,' 
cried Frank Willis. 

"Tbat we wont," replied tbe otbers. 

" I must kcep them up to it," said the short man, with tbe bat 
pulled over bis brows, to bimself. " Ttüs will be pleasing intel- 
ugence to Mr. Uarley." 

Tbe proceedings at Westminster Hall were opened by Sir 
Joseph Jckyl^ who, addrossing bimself to the first articie of the 



THB COURT Or QETEER AmiB. 



CHAFTBR THE BDCTH. 



As evening drew in, the peaceable inhabitants of LincolnV 
lan-Ileldfi were terrified bj the appearance of several hundred 

Kisons, armed with bludseomi, muskets, and Bwords, and headed 
three tall men with Taces blackened witb soot, who, afler 
pantding their wild retinae about the Square for a quarter of aa 
Doar, durtng which its numbers were greatly increascd, paused 
beneath a Tamp-post, when the tallest of the trio, clambericg 
up it, took upon nim to address a few words to the mob. As he 
ceased, shouts wcre raised of " Well said, George Purchase. 
Down with the meetlng-houses ! Down with the mecting-houses V 

" Ay, down with them ! " rejoined Purchase. Let'sbeginwith 
Doctor Burgess's ; it's the nearest at band. Come on, lads. 
Well have all the meeting-houses down before moming. Come 
on, I Bay. High church and Sacheverell for ever — buzza 1 " 
* With this, he leaped down, and bmndishing a naked hanger 
which be beld in bis grasp, ran towarda the comer of the square^ 
and entered a little courtf at the end of whicb stood the doomed 
meeting-house. Several of tbe mob who foUowed him bore links, 
so that a wild, unsteady lieht was thrown upon the scene. The 
court was quickly crowded to excess, and an attack was made 
upon the door, wnich proved atrong enough to resist tbe com- 
bined efforts of Purchase and Dammaree. 

While these ruffians were hurling themBelves agünst it, and 
calling for implements to burst it open, a window was unfiistened« 
and a venerable &ce appeared at it. 

" What do you want, my fnends ?" asked the petBon, in a mild 
voice. 

" It'a Doctor Buigess himsel^" ciied several Toices. And a 
most terrific yell was raised, which seemed to find an echo 
firom tbe fitrthest part of the Square. 

" We want to get in, old Poundtext," replied Purchase ; " so 
tinlock the door, and look quick about it, or itll be worsc for 
yon." 

"Your errand is wrongfiil," cried Doctor Burgesa. "I be- 
Beechyon to retire, and take away thoee you bare brougbt witb you« 
I sball resist your violence as long as I can ; nor sfaÄU you enter 
tbis aacred puce except orer my body." 

" Your bfood be upon your own head then," reioined Purcbaae, 
fiercely. " Curse yeT he added to tbose behind him, "la 
there notbing to break open the door ?" 

"Herc's a sledge-bammer," cried a swarthy-visaaed knare, 
witb bis sbirt slceves tumed up above tbe elbow, and a leatbem 
apron tied round his waist, forcing bis way towards him. Pur- 
chase snstched the hammer from him, raised it, and dashed it 
against tbe door, whicb flew open with a tremeDdous craab. 



TBE OOCRT (MT düZXH AlfNB. lOS 

** We'Il see that," aüd Furchase. " Here, lads, holst him 
to the jmlpit" 

And amid blow^ cnnee^ and the most bnital usage, the im- 
fbrUinate minister waa compelled to moant the atepe. As he 
Btood witbio the pulpil, front which he was wont to address an 
aasemblaffe so attenv different in chanicter from that now 
gathered Defore him, bis a[^)earaQce ezcited some commiseratioa 
eren among that ntthleas crew. Hia face vras deathly pale^ 
■nd theie was a large gaah on his left temi^e, from which the 
blood was still flowiog ireely. His neckclotb and dress were 
Btained with the sanguinair stream. He exhibited no alarm, 
but tunÜDg bis eves upwards, seemed to murmur a prayer. 

" Now tnen, aoctor," roared Dammaree — " ' Sacbeveiell and 
Hi^ cfainch 16r erer,' or the Ixnd have mercy on your souL" 

** The Lord have mercy on ymr souI, misguided man," 
replied Doctor Burgess. "Yon will think on your present 
wicked actions when you are brought to the gallows." 

" Do asyou are bid, doctor^ without more ado," cried Dammaree, 
poioting a mnsket at him, " or " 

"I will never belle my conacience," lejoined Doctor Burges^ 
finnly. " And I call upoD yoa not to commit moie crimes — 
not to staio your soul yet more deeply in blood." 

Dammaree was about to pull the tri^er when the musketwas 
dashed from his grasp by Purchase. 

" Noy cmräe it P criea the milder roffian, " we won't kilt him. 
He ia puniabed severely enough in aeeing bis chapel demoÜsbed." 

The majority of the assemblage concuning in this opinion, 
Furchase conünued — "Come down, old Poundtext, and make 
your way hence if you don't wish, Uke a certain Samson, of 
your acquaintance, to have the honse polled about your eara." 

" God ftHvive rou as I do," said Burgess, meekly. With this 
bedescended, and {Hcsaing throogh the crowd, quitted the cfaapeL 

Befine he was gooe, however, the palpit was oattered to pieces 
aOd tbe fragments gathered ti^ther, and in a few mioutea moie 
tb» ch^iel was completely gutted by the mob. 

Loaded with tbeir sp(Ml, the victors retnmed to the centre of 
the Square, where they made an immense heap of tbe broken 
pieces of the pews and pulpi t, and having ^aced straw aiid other 
combnatibles among them, they set fire to the pile in variooa 
place^ Tbe dry wood quickty kindled, and blazed up in a 
night mddy flamc, illuminating the countenances of tbe ftntastic 
gnmpe around it, Üie neareet of whom took hands, and fönning 
• rin^ danced round the btmlire, ballooing and screeching like 
■omany Bedlamites. 

White this waa going fwwaid, Frank Willis, haring fiutcned a 
window-curtain, woich he had brought frt>m the chapel, to the 
end of a long pole, waved it orcr his head, calling it the " high- 
church standaid," and bidding his followers rally round it. 



'tH EAorr jaxes'b: ob, 

A cooDcil of mr was next beld among the rineleadeni, and 
after sume disciisüoD, it was resoWed to go and demolish Mr. 
Karie's iDeȟi^-4uHise in Long Acre. This design was com- 
mwücated to ibe assemblage by PaFchaee, and received witfa 
tumultuoos ^q>lanse. To Long Acre, acccndingly, the majority 
of tbe «ssemblsgc hicd, broke open the doois of tbe meedni^ 
house in qoestion, etripped It, as they had doae Dr. Burgess's, 
and cvried off the materials for another bonfire. 

** ^^liere nezt, comrades ?" cried Purchaset ascending a äigfat 
of step& " Wbere next ?" 

" To Mr. Bradburv'a meeting-house in New-street, Shoe- 
lane,'^ replied a voice m>m the crowd. 

Tina place of worebip beiog vieited and destroyed, the mob next 
beot their course to Leatber-Iane, wbere they ptdled down Mr. 
Taylor's chapel ; and tbence to Black&iars, wnere Mr. Wright'g 
meeting-houEe sbared the same fate. IStherto, they had en- 
counteied little or no oppoeitioo, and flusbed witb Buccess, tbey 
began to meditate yet more formidable enteiprise& AmviDg 
at Fleet Bridge, Purcbase mounted the atone balustiade, and 
claimed attention for a mornent. 

"What say you to going into the ci^, and destroying the 
meeting-booses thcre ?" ne cried. 

" Pm for somethin' better," repüed Frank Willis, wavii^ his 
Sag. "I vote as how we pull down Salter's HoH." 

" l'va for a greater booty still," vociferated Dammaree. " Let us 
break open and rifle tbe Bank of Enghind. Tbat'U make us all 
rieh for life." 

"Ay, ay — the Bank of England — let's rific iV' cried a 
chorus of Yoices. 

"A glorious Gusgestion, Frank," retumed Furchase. Come 
along. SacheTerelfand the Bank of England — huzza !" 

As tbey were about to hurry away, a short man, with his hat 
pulled overhis brows, niahed up, afmost out of breatb, and in- 
Ibnucd them that the guards were in search of thetn. 

"They've tumed into Lincoln 's-Inn-Fields," cried the man, 
" for l uiyaelf told their captain you were there. But tbey'U be 
hcre preseBtly." 

" Wc'll give 'em a warm reception when they come,*' eaid 
Purchaso, resolutely. " Here lads, tbrow down dll tbat wooden 
lunibtT on the west side of the bridge. Make as gieat a hesf 
US yoii caO| bo as to block up the thoroughfare completely. Get 
u Itarrcl of pitch from that cre ligbter lying in tbe ditcb below 
' ['11 kuock out the bottom and set ßre to it when we hear 'em 
ciiiiüii', aad wc'll see whether theyll dare to pass the bridge 
M'lu'ii thitt's donc. Sacbeveretl and the Bank of England tor 
VMT -huzzu!" 



THE COUBT OF aDEBN ANKE. 



CHAPTBB TUE 8ETENTII. 



MeamwbILe intell^ence of these tumults had been reccived at 
Whiteball, by tbe Earl of SunderUnd, who instantlj repaired t» 
Saint James 8 Falacp, and reported to tbe queen what was going 
ibrward, expressing bis apprehension of tbe eztent of tbe not 

'* I am grieved, biit not surpiised, to bear of tbe distuibances, 
niT lord," rcplied Anne. " Tbey are tbe natural consequence 
of tbe iU-judged proceediogs i^ainst Doctor SacbeverelL" 

" But wbat will your majesty bare done ?" asked Sunder- 
land. "Yoa will not allow tbe Uvea and properties of your 
aubjects to be sacrificed by a lawless mob ?" 

" Assuredly not, my lord," replied tbe queen. " Let tb« boise 
and foot guanis be instantly seot out to dispetse tbem." 

" But your majesty's sacred person must not be left unde- 
fended at tbis bour," replied tbe earl. 

" Hare no fear for me, my lord," said Anne. " Heaven will 
be my guard. The mob will do me no injury, and I would sbow 
myself to them witbout uneasiness. Disperse them aa I bave 
said, but let tbe task be executed witb as Uttle violence as po»- 
Bible." 

Sunderlaod thcn retumed to tbe cock-pit, wbere he found 
tbe lord cbancellor, tbe Duke of Newcastlc, and some other 
noblemen. After a brief consultation togetber, Captain Iforsey, 
an exempt, was summoned, and reccived Instructions from tbe 
earl to mount immediatelv, and quell tbe disturbances. 

" I bave some scruple m obeying your lordsbip," replied Cap- 
tain Horsey, " unless I am relieved. Belongii^ as I do to tbe 
queen's body-guard, I am respoasJble for any accideot tbat may 
oappen to ber majesty." 

" It is tbe qiiecn's ezpress wiab that tbis sbould be done, sir," 
cried tbe earl, hastily. 

" That does not relicre me, my lord," replied Horsey, pertina- 
cioosly ; " and I will not stir, unless I bave your autbority in 
writitw;." 

" Here it is, thcn," said tbe earl, sitting down, and hurriedly 
tracing a few lincs on a sbeet of paper, wbich be gave to tbe 
captain. " Are you aow content ?" 

" Humph r exclaimed Horsey, glancing at the ordcr. " Tbis 
does not spcci^ whether I am to preach to the mob, or 6ght 
them, my loid. If I am to prcacb, I sbould wisb to bc 
accompanied by aome better orator than mysel£ But if I am 
to tignt, wby tbat's my vocation, and I will do my best." 

" Zounds, sir," cricd tbe earl, impatiently, " ifyou are as long 
in dispersing tbe mob, as you ere in setting fortb, youMl give 
them time to destroy balf tue churcbes in Loodon. About tliir 



THE OOVar OF QÜEEM AXHB. 107 

dw Bptiited aoioul twerved «nd reaied, and des^te his tiiaster*8 
effbrte, dashed off in another diiection. 

Wiüi the ezcsptioD of two or thtee, die whole troop weie eqoally 
ansucceasfid. Tbeir horaes leftised ta ^mroach the flsooes; 
•nd a sbower of brickbats, aUmea, aod musiles iocreaBed tfae 
ceaeral disorder. Atta the thiee men wbo did eSlect a passage, 
their boraes were so scared aod bunit aa to be quite unmanwe- 
aUe, and tbe poor fellowa were speedüy dlBaoonted and £a- 
■niie<L Some dozea others, tdso, who tried to pasi throu^ 
Fleet Dilcb, Kuck fiut ia tbe mud, and were sererely bandled 
bj the mob before they oould be eztricated. 

Meantiroe, loud shouts of thumph wen nieed bj the rioten^ 
and Purchase calied upon them to heap more fnel on tbe fir^ 
whidi was doDe by thröwiiw more beodüea aad broken pewa upon 
iL Sorae half dosen men uec ^iproadbed, bearing a polpit oa 
their ^oulders, «4iich by tbeir combined effixia was cast into du 
very midst of the fire, where it retnaioed erect At this spectacle 
A roar of lauster bunt from the rabble, in vbitii aom« of the 
matd, in ^ute of their anger at their discomfiture, joined. 
Eocoonif^ by this, Purebaae shouted out to tbeni, " Don't 
fig^t agaipst UB, brothcrs. We are fcr the qneen and the cfaurcb." 

Ordeiing some of hia men to ride round by Hc^bom Bridge* 
and attack tbe notera in the rear, Ciq>tain Hoisey cauaed a ms- 
charge of carbines to be made orer the beads of thoae on the 
bridge, beding to intimidate them. Tliia was done, bat pn^ 
duced no other reault than detiäre laoghter, and a freah showw 
«f stones, ooe of wbich hit the captain himself on the üce. 



While the aoldien were cbaigjng their cartHnea, a lall nuui, in 
ipanied by a 
royal livcry, foreed their way up to Horsey. 



a seijeanl's uniform, accompanied br a stoat coachman, in the 



" Beg pM^n, c^ttain," said the seneaot, "Imt yoor ofaject ia 
to cantuR thoae ringleaders, not to kill 'em, aint it ?" 

" Certainly, Serjeant Scalea, certainly," replied Hoiaey. 

" Then, with yourpermissioii, 111 uadertake tbe job," retorned 
Scalea. " Come along, Proddy." 

And drawing hia awoid, he plunged into the flanwHi, and wv 
foUowed by hia companion. 

Horsey lookcd on in curiosity to see what would be tbe result 
of this daring act, and was Burpnaed to see both men get thiuugh 
the ßre witbout msterial iujury, though the coachman pauaed to 
pluck off hia wigi which was considerably singed. 

" IIa I you are the scoundrel who thrust me from the Duchesa 
of Marlborougb's carriagc this moming," cried Purchase, glan<nng 
menacinKly at Scales. " I am glad we have met again.' 

" We bare met not to part tili I bave secured you, viHun," 
replied the serjeant. " Yield T 

" Not without a blow or two," rejoined Purchase, with a roar 
of deriaioD. " You bave not got a oost of troopers at your back 
now." 



THE HUM OF MEN. 

BT A HAT TER Og F ACT-OS. 

It is the proTince of geniuB to origiuate commonplaces, — thsi u, 
nothiiig ia tbe end becomes more commoiiplace thsn the phraee whicli, 
bj force of geoius, has taken posaession of the minds of the loanj. 
Half the cact phrases cuirent in the Engligh language, are derived from 
l^iaksp«are; snd there are persons who aever in their lives penued 
ooDAecutively a page of that divine wiiter, whoee conversation ia made 
np of phraaes piUaged from his worke. Like Monsieur Jourdain, who 
tuked prose for forty f ears without knowing it, they quote Shakspeare> 
unwittinglj, from moming tili night. 

The Btereotyped acrapa and acrips of pens jr-a-line bdUt lettrtt, picked 
up bj the vulgär in the daily papers, such as " light fantastic toe," — 
"foreign ald of ornament," — " patience on a monument," — "winter 
of our discontent," — " ignorance ia bliaa," kc kc, have come to be 
ititerlarded in the diacourse of the moat illiterate,^-4ike Flandera lace 
flouncing a f uatian jacket, — tili they have become loathaome by iteration. 

So ia it with muaic. Certain vocal phrasea are damnatory to any 
new coinposition, as to the last d^ree trite and ear-wom; whi^ 
probably originated with Purcell, Handel, or Haydn, It is only by 
force of repetition they have loat their charm. 

The writer or composer in fa^on, ig, for the tiine being, tfae fonn- 
tain-headofconuoonptace. Duringthesucccsstvereignaof the^Scotch 
BoreU, the caut words of the populär charactera were applied to eveiy 
posdible exigency, tili the phrasea of Dominie Sampaon, NicholJarvie, 
Dondie Dinmont, Dugald Dalgetty, and their inimitable confratemity, 
ended by ezhanating human patience. Sam Slick and Jacob Faithful 
had their tums; and the " Hope I don't intnide" of Paul Fiy, was 
long a Standing noisance. 

Before theae " modern instancea," (Shakspeare, a-heml) there was 
the popularity of Sheridan, of Juniua, of Wilkes, to famiab cant words 
to üie oninventtTe; and perhapa no one ever exercised a stronger 
influence over the small-talk of his day than Sterne, itulesa, hal^- 
century before, Dean SwifL 

Thia peculiar distinction, like the barrel-orgao whh regard to mnaic, 
nuty be conaidered a fair teat of popularityi aad it is a strong proof <^ 
the want of flavour of the greater numbw of the writers of the day, 
tfaat tbey hav« not invented a Single charaoter capable of engcndering 



It has been citcd as a happy illostration on the part of the noble 
lord, who, pointing to the antique tapestryof old Saint Stephen'«, whea 
inveighing againat the inaignilicance of ministcrial measures, ezclaimed 
that "there were now no longer hi^torical looms at work!" In the 
same spirit we b^ to assure the iUuatriuimi of the circulating libraries, 
that our grand-nephews will never be bored to death with iheir phrasea 
wom down into commonplacel 

And yet, for all thia " damnable iteration," (Shakspeare, a-beml) it 
sometimes takes a couple of centuries to get to tbe right mcaning of a 
phrasel What an inunense time has it reqaired for the world of 
tett«rs to diacover that the couplet of Miltoa — 

VOL. VI. I 



TBS HI« Or KEN. 111 

. ~-s Windows of a bai^ün-shop,— or the programioe <^ a 

■vo, — maj be qnite u fine n specimen of the accompliah- 

I pa'ftched in a tract, or fndged in a pamphlet! A meeting 

Hall, — a meeting at the Botnnda, — a mooster-meetiiig in 

■V u pigmj meetiiig at home, — a Charit^ meeting of ^oung 

; vi' work diiring the opera recess, — or a treaaoa meeting 

.••\i- out of emploj- during the parliamentaiy, — alike hiun, — 

■•iiimFntum ad&itmming 'em, but addresaed to divers classes of 

nimunit^. 

M» IUI koow how Mackenzie's wife reboked the suthor of the "Man 

l'*>'.-liii»," for hia attendance at cockfights; and that Jean Jacquet, 

'«• wrote auch divioe eaaajs od the bean^ of paiental love, as to 

-'iitci't iill the &ir Parisiaiw mto wet-nuraea, aent his children to the 

i-tiuiidling Hoepital the moment thej were born. Tbeais was the 

iiuEii of men (k letten. Of onr contemporariea of literatore, we say 

liulliing; satisfied of the beam in onr own eye wbich EhouU teach for- 

. iLiiratice towards their of^thalmic afflictiona. Bot we ma; be pennitted 

iii a geoeral way to obsen-e, that some of the most solemngated amang 

llii'cn are, under their ravea's plumage, amaEingly funny fellows; and 

meist of those who do the comical, as dull as domüce, under their mask. 

It has bcen the standing joke of a whole Century against the book- 

tiellerB, that a respectable country parson, baTing taken a voluine of 

sermons to towa for publication, during the mania for Sterne aad 

'' Tristram Shandy," wu accosted with the question then addreaaed 

to every new author toudiing bis works : " Pray, air, is there anj 

AMmour in them?" But the notion seems to bave been propbetic 

For DO one will denj that the ripest hnmour going, now-a-t^js, ii- 

hatclied under a gown and band. 

One of the most amnsing traita of the hum of men in the present 
age, is the ^Msmodic morality afflicting the public eonstitution. Eveiy 
now and then it is taken Tirtuous, to a degree that threatens the eradi- 
catk», root and branch, of all esisting vices. Septennially or so, the 
Symptoms retum, with redoubled violence. An immoral actor is 
driven from the stage by bis worsers; or a foreign ainger, less correct 
in her conduct than her vocalization, is dismissed from the ancient 
miuic, — facetiously called the Queen's Bench of Bishops. It is true 
that, between the acts of tbis national comedy of the " Hypocrit«," 
the nndiencB of hummers consoks itself with cakes and ale, Tenting 
thdr braTOes on Alice Lowe, and theirshouts inhonour of some foreign 
Nero; — just as those straJners at gnats and swallowers of camela, the 
ätijseDS of Ute great world, tum their backs upon some thoughtful man 
for hie want of orthodoxy, and msh to their doors to welcome the 
tilted Jews of fashion, whoee turtle, ventM», and dumpagne are bey<md 
the reach of controversyl 

These are flrst-rate specimens of the " hum of men," such as John 
HiltoD considered it worth whilc to come to town oow and then for 

the purpose of enji^ing! Uagistratea who encage Utile boys 

for playing at chuck-fanhing, and wii^ at Crockfords, — Senators who 
vote for the suppreseion of faire, and spend half their Uvea at horse- 
races, — serious families, wfaich eschew the dandnS'master, but reptaoo 
bis Services by thoae of a drill-seijeant of the guards, — or others keep 
b(4y tbe Sablmlli by sending their servants to bed at ten o'clock cm 
Suttday nights, afier keeping them up tili two, after the opera, on 
i2 



WBITINOB OF DODOLAS JERBOLD. 113 

1--1 ived from the arch-hamming of haviiig lUtioned hts empty car- 
-iu)j;<', ilay afler daj, before certain honsea in tbe faehionable streets 
—i.i .'Uiuarcs. The ooachman had order» to stop, wherever Sir Walter 
1 arquhar's caniage was eeen etopping; utd Bupposed to be in per- 
j-'tual consulutiot) ; whererer a Consulting phjeician was wanted, be 
ivos called in. There was eomething of the hamomt however in thit 
Traf of hamming bis way to celebrity. 

Kothing more direrting to those behind the acenes than the 
manceuvrea b; which certain coonty members manage to obtain audi- 
ences of the home-Becretar^, or the cobnial secretaiy, or the dutinnan 
of the board of trade, — to talk aboat chalk and cheesej — in order tbat 
their country conatituenta ma^ admire in half-a-dozen moming and 
evening papers, " Testerdaj, Mr. Thingamajee, M.P., had an andiencfi 
of Lord Plauaible, in Dowaing-street." 

^e hnm of public dinners, bj waj of bellowa, to blow up a prodi- 
giona fumace of popularity, is now but aa the conjuring trick of a fair 
compared witb Äoee of the Wizard of the North. Certain dandies, 
whrä thej are going to dine at their club, write themselves little biliet' 
doux on coloured paper, which thej canse to be brought in bj the 
waitera doring dinner, to gire themselves the air of being inunenselj 
in requeat. We suapect tbat mxtj a public dinner and testimonial is 
ümihu^y concocted! We have ccrtamlj heard of an East Indian 
general, who anbacribed a hnndred ponnde towards a aword for him- 
sdff — atrling hinuelf of coorae, in the anbscription-list — " a friend to 
merit," — u a testimonial of gnttitnde from bis r^iment " for the an- 
eqnalled State of diflcipline into which it hadbeen brought bjhiazeal!" 

And whj not? Manj anthora review their own booka; — many 
puntera criticiae their own pictnres; — manj ladies write vera<>s on 
their own portraita, in the " Book of Beantjr." Bot on that point^ 
mnml At preaent, we have only endeavour^ to tickle off a few speci- 
mens of " the Uum of Men!" 



"STOBY OF A FEATHER," ftc.— WBITINGS OF 
DOUGLAS JERROLD. 
This thorougUy Engliah writer ia atill joung enough to give pronüse 
of his waging a " thity yeara' war" with Vice and Ft^y, yet a long 
periodhasel^«edBinceheflr8tbegan to "cut bis bright way" through 
the accumnlaäng dulneaa of the stage, and to ahower Üa sharp youthiul 
«linkma like needle-points about the tingling eara of the play-goer. 
Hfl mnat bare been but a mere boy when he commenced the war of 
jeat, whim, and aarcaam, in the theatre, and aa a dramatiat (im ws 
beliere he nerer "adapted" a theatrioal piece in hia life) obtained 
frequent and wide popnlarity. 

Bat in tfae eariiest of hia crode and careleaa atage-easays, there wen 
•trong bome-pointa that lold with the audience i the joke and the 
pMhoa came direct frcan the spring that hare yielded both so freely 
and eSectually aince; and the native qiirit of an ordinal writer was 
manifestly atruggUng to give expression to ita own crowding thoughta 
amd sensations in its own eager and inconsiderate way. Hiere wer« 
nine parts wlt, to one of wisdom — a large mixtore of the obacure and 
erratic marring the moat felicitons image ; bnt there was an intellectoal 
keenneis in meaiuring all it looked upon in the world, and a monl 



plat' 4 the wbole KOke. dut ;<BinUEin 

pen - „-.-ixKU and boütbful ihTjIil ooul 

fn . '::t3ur« ■ mor« eqol, i^ieeauK lad 
H 



_- _- die « Honscfcwper," &e "B 

_ . . War ;" thoogh to oor own loBti mc* 

.^ =weet thcragh ateni, die plvr n! mm t 

^^-j:t, and the honest nufFecteci nunttinea 

.;>?s like tbc " Schoolfellom," xdA 'U«tt« 

. ue hamble dnunu illtutnlire t^ t -m; 

. ..■■m iL 

. : yir. JemId'B, is oflen wortb ■wmeäiiB. 

. -iicils and cntckera about tbe ImiHu ^lu 

:•" xt' tfae wM'ld of pom|i8 uid Tanms mi 

. .'ii^sion of tbe eharp scorching jc^e i» iiam 

^ — oixl 70a wili eee people wince 1i<?t hui 

.. ^ihcirinirth, Wbik it afiects a DedriUfim 

•A ^we«aK^ for them ; but sdf-^j^rsniii. 

. .' jvoi'L fH^s^Dtl^ tnnia it to wonnw-oac. 

...u inimAt«« to mucli of the dialogne cf "ina 

.,iiiy critkal quartere, partlj for ük i^hbl 

• .an mi^untbnipic ipirit. Üo -»{«»«ir» e^ M 

...V truih (and lier deepest watera, tb»cä 

■ ^<.tB, are sometimes to tbe tast«, jc% ^r:« 

. » oae a quill dipped in gall; to Ärvs a 

, tüliu^ bdm into tbe iiDsound plac^ t£ a 

... uoi, to aaj nothing of aB hii race! T> 

> <.i-u^ oofy, to apply tnit tbe lasfa of laogfAS' 

-.1 uuoceot, and plaj the mieantbropift s 

■_ .jiisistently or constantly "do theirspiril- 

. .v^i.'CBi.'e of heait. There ia erer s laife, 

„^ ^>iui<athy for erring suffering hnmamlr, 

. ^ ',( ^lows in the rosy jovial eheeks ot Ins 

ui' laughing eyes of wit like tean. His 

.. .ovf to a smile, hie caustic and apparendy 

.%.m^ by a cbarity; and the Eharp wind 

^.\'vvr it blows can breathe ligbtly, and 

.US mild May mood of its own. 

„ .1 the fuU intent and general spirit of 

.... I we were to go fiirther, and oontend 

.. *iatred of the wrong-doer, compaadon 

. .. .tttolerance of the excuaes eet up for it 

. ..Kit reasonera, bave not on a bnadred 

. A iijustic« to men and classes c^ mra ; 

.. iitpostore hos not eometimes involved 

^« *.tJ wise jndgment, a feeling ventiDg 

., «ttJ vehemently denouncing one pre- 

^ ^,. .V.. .niany a drama, and mony a Bttöied 

.s- '-'V' ^P ^ memoty and contradict na. 

*" ,, .sx.;ti*>n8 of the over-rich and the veiy 

'' ^'' ^^, >^, «> (vmmiGentes tbe privations and 



WBmiKW OT DOUQLAB JKBBOIS. 115 

Ji fd porerty, w to cmte m ffleling that he ü iat carrjing oa k 
«nmde agunat riches. " Um rieh," generali;, are too roondl; rated, 
H thongh they wen a claae of (Menden. 

In AJet, thia tendency to bittemesB, and isoonnderate becaaae im- 
Beunred oaunre of " äie world," was for a time acquiring a dai^;eraiu 
■traigth in thia wrüer, who seoming to folget for a season the äat^ 
triith n^iistored I7 L. K L-, that — 

** Oalj by looUiig np ean we MC BeaTeD," 

tpftanA to Snd s betUr nae for hia far-aeeing eyee by gazing dowB- 
«wda, and tr&cing the fbot-prints of bis fellow-men tfarongh the 
nirieBt padu of tlidr varied travek. Tbü babit prevails moot in hii 
" Hen cJ Cbaracter," and leaat in bis latest perf<»mance8»— whereiii 
we aze at B loas to pereerre anjr dash of acerbity— anj gloomineaa ix: 
eererity of view — koj han& repnkive doctrinei, ondiacoTerafale i> 
thoae great maaters of the beart'a phitosophy, irtiom it ia piain he poB- 
äoDAtely adnüres, It is but in a small portion of bis pages that bia 
Iiatred of vice seenu etronger tfaui bis love of virtne, and that faäi 
experieoce of the eonnj growth of tbe ose witben and oips bis bloa- 
«cming faith in the other, inatead of wanning it into renewed life 
cnd endowing it witb qoickened action. 

Bat 8 babit detrimental to tbe best of bia jneoea, dramotic or 
«Aerwise, maj be more faiily remarked npon, as a ctraseqnence, äther 
of hii reädntiai to let fly over the boDse-lop ereiy arrow tbat came 
to Iiand, thongb it shonld graze the hsnnleaa by-Btaoder wbile it 
tnereed tbe eril-doer, or (as it naj be) of bis nttor inatnli^ to keop 
bis alraog-bow unbent for an instant. One of the best nsee of a 
repnte for brilUaacy is whea it operates in arerting a morbid fear of 
being dull ; but tbis " sweet nse" Mr. Jerrold was long in discovering. 
He aeemed to tbink that, not being tbe wicked cbild, he mnst neoe»- 
■arily be tbe good one in tbe tale— that be mun always atter diamonds 
wben he spoke, tbe ratber that pet^le said tbey were toads. In fact, 
he was ncÄhing if not witty aad aententionB. Tbe YaiäX of sarcaam 
and repartee grew as he wrote. The character« he invented, and 
gsve names to, loet their identitj, and emulated each other in phnae- 
okgtcal aecompliahment — in tbe neatness of tbeir points and äte 
adroitneea of Üieir exercises. His lamplighters would deign to dis- 
eovrae of notbtng lowv tban tbe stars, and bis fidiermen wonld piek 
np abells by the great ocean of tmtb, like a Newton. His Tety 
croiB-sweeper would have something flne and cutting to lay of King, 
Lords^ or Commons. The dullest people wontd become cpigram- 
natio in tone, in porpose sarcastic or sentimentol. All his dia- 
ractOTS were derer; bnt that was Uttle — all wäre in tarn wits and 
^uloaopbers, bowerer &r frcxn their nature joke or sentinient migbt 
be; and wben some "neoeasarj action of the play," some portion o£ 
äie narrative moet eseential to be nnderatood, came to be entertained, 
piain explanatoty words aeemed to tbe writer tame, flat, and nnprofit- 
able. They were spared accordingly; tbe very explanation was en- 
tnuted to an aphorism, or a dovble entatdre ; and tbe andience, or the 
leader, as it migbt bappen, retired to bed in tbe dark, comptaining, 
nM nnreasonably, of the obscurity of the tale. This, we venture to 
an^iect, is the simple cause why more tban one otborwise excelknt 
production of this writer bes eitber totally or partially foiled on the atage. 

TLe objection applies most strongly to bis dnunas; but tbcn bis 



JOHN MANESTY, 

Vit Xfbtipori JMRcttnt. 

BY THK LATB WILLIAM MAOINK, LL.I>. 

CHAPTER XXV. 

:. RARUT.— A KAM'I BSBHT HAT Ul 



A BAD uid turbulent scene did the moon tlutt night look down on : 
UAiiefltjr, the mttrderer, fljing fbr hia life front the pnrsuit of Ogle- 
thorpe, Hibblethmüte, and othen; and Stanley Btretdied on the eartfa 
with features defonned hy agony, while erery gasp forced a red stream 
foan hia wound. Yoang Manestjr and the earl seemed paraljsed at 
tbe death-stmggle before their ejta; bot Brookabank riewed the scene 
with perfect tang-froid .- he had come to the ground to aee the shedding 
of blood, and to him it was indifferent who was the auöerer. Strange 
to aay, the knowledge tbat his frieod had fallen, not in combat, bnt by 
the band of an aaaaaain, failed to arooie hia Hjmpathiesi to be a man 
of fediog was beoeath the stem dignity of a soldier. 

DiSerently, indeed, was Hugh äffected by thia event. Hie impla< 
cable enemy was destroyed; bat in what mannerl Could he have rc- 
inatated himaelf in the poeition he held wfaen he aroae in the moming 
— -^onld he again have ei\}oyed the honourable eitimation of hia brother 
mercbanta — a flouriahing property, and a aweet hope of an alliance 
with Mary Stanley, he would have forfeited all to restore hia peraecutor 
to life. The groana, the convulaed viaage, and the guahing blood of 
tbat wretched man, tortured bim beyond endurance. Ue had bonie 
hia own afflictiong prondly; but thia laat and horrible addition to bis 
jnisery made the bürden too heavr, and bis heart sank under it. 

" Captaia Brookabank I " ejacuuted be, "yonr friend will die, un- 
leas instant üd ia procored. God, tbat it ahonld come to thia! 
Drire^ I beaeech you, to Liverpool, for a aurgeon. I will not for Wft 
instant leave Colonel Stanley." 

" To take any trouble aboat it vonld be nseleae," retumed BrocAs- 
bank. " Stanley can't live ten minntes ; before the expirstion of 
wbidi time, we ahall all be in custody if we atay here. A man'a flrst 
dn^ is to take care of himaelf. I'm off. Yoa and his lordahip may 
do aa you Uke." 

Having aaid thia, be bastened to the post-chaise, which had brought 
him and Stanley to. Wavertree, and drove away at a rapid pace. 

Thia aelflah cold-beartednesa opened a new aource of bewildennent 
to Hogb, wboae knowledge of tbe world was too conflned to permit 
eren a raspicicn of the monatroua cmeJty of self-intereat. Stanln 
Gonld do nothing more for Brookabank — ^why ahould BnxAabank 
C«fe fer Stanley ? Pity waa not giren us to be caat away 
for uothing. Why should we aow where we cannot hope to reap? 
Commiaeration is a ledger affair. How much proflt may be clcarM 
bj inveating it? " Tbat is tbe question." 

" Eindne« ii nibile, cOTetou, 
If Bot ■ niDring kindoMi ; m rieh men dnl gifts, 
EspcctiDg in ntnrn iTcn^ for ona." 



118 JOHN KAMEeTT, THB UTEKPOOL MEBCHAlTr. 

Yonng Hanesty, however, was not hardened into this aordid depnT&- 
tion. Seeing tbat the djing man was left withont a fHend, he r^ 
aolved, BB far as in him lay, to supplythat defidency. Bending by the 
side of Stanley, he raised iüe bead, supported it on bis knee, md wiped 
away the death-perspiratiou that hung on his forehead and cfaeek. 

" Here will I sta; tili all ia orer," said Hogfa, to tha earL •■ Hean- 
wMle, let me beseech yon, for Hearen's sake, to fetch a Bmrgeon &cHn 
liverpool." 

Lord Silveratick aeemed for awfaile nndetennined how to aet. <* I 
do not altogetfaer approre," at length obserred he, " the callom 
desertioQ of his principal by Captain Brooksbank. Still, prudence is 
ft great virtue. Without it, our lives would be ezcesÜTely misosUe^ 
Lord Chesterfield bas many axcellent remarks on thia head; and it 
behoves every man of quaiity to bear them in mind. His monds are 
profitaUe. I rect^lect lua saying, ' Nothii^ oould be more paiaaüj 
fooliah in any ona thaa to sofier bis feelings to lead bim away &am 
«ocpediency.' This I call practicable wiadom, Hugh; it ia pntty 
gaaeraily acted on, I asaure yon; and I üiink yoa wÜl admit that, to 
say the leaat, it wonld be extremely inconTonient for one in my statioD 
to be taken before a magistrate, as having been (»esent at a mnrder. 
I came here with you to asaist at a gentlemanly arbitrement. That it 
should have terminated in asBasaination is not my fault aoe yonrs. I 
ahall depart from Liverpool with all speed. Will yon oome with me?" 
" And leave this unhappy victim to die aloneF Meverl " exdaimed 
wjni^ Manesty. 

" Then, my dear friend, nntü I have the happtuess to aee yon agaii% 
mse^ tMi adimx" 

The earl disappeared as qnickly aa Captain Brooksbank had dono^ 
and Hugh was left alone with the dying man. The rattle of Lcwd 
Silverstick's coach^wheels soon died away in tbe distance. Silence 
Tetarned, inveatiag the scene with additional solemnity. Hngh bonnd 
lös handkerchief over Stanley's wound with an endeavour to standi 
the ooEiDg blood. What would he not have given for some restoratfTO 
vhich might mitigate the sufferer'a fierce agonies — for eren a cup of 
^rater to moisten his parohed tongue! 

Hugh looked around him — all was racant He listened int«ntly, 
Itoping to catch some distant sound of footateps. In vain. Nothing 
oould be beard but Stante/a heavy groans. Thus, sopporting tha 
Ijgnd of bis gbastly companion, did he remain a weary space of time. 
At length, he shouted aloud for help twioe or thrice. Ute last sbont 
^ru answered; and Ozias Bheinenberger appeared. 

Having BonawfMÜj gaxed at Stanley, the Morarian apt^e; and faia 
^gjgmfld enuneiation sounded dismally in the night air. 
'^Tnnüs is a dreadful sight, Hugh Manestyl I know that thy handa 
j-noeent of blood in fact, but not in intentioo. Thou cameet hen 
** MTüelass, and a wicked, and a savage errand. The &tal businen 
^/j__w to be known in LiverpooL The moment I heard of it, I 
*^|f ~^^ tbe spot to find, and, if possible, comfort thee; for of * 
^*''^'*~ — j, PO gricTOnäly noed »»nfort as he who hath offended 
«•^"T^^BBwesoftte Most High. Lo, her« will I abide with 
!*■•' rr_,i ^U «W be in the place — ministerB of juatico," 
ö^- ""^i^rto' " ciclaimed Hug b; " then something may yet bo 

•TT »■ ^^ %j«ni«edO«iaa. ** Thy nnclo— how have I beeai 



JOHX KAXBSTT, THB UVOFOOL MBBCHAWT. 119 

deedTed in Um! — ia iodeed a fenfnl maa of Uood. liks nnto 
Abünelech, the k«i of JembliMl, he hath made slu^tw the md to 
power; «od eren u AbÜBdecfa periahed, ao will he. And yet, wonld 
I eould äftve him, nd oaxue hin to T^eat, iiir I ore mach to the 
atme of M»amtji bat it maj not bei " 

Poor Hngh groaned in bitteness of heart. 

"1 woadn not to ne thee to tionUed in qnrit," renimed the 
Morarian. " In the eye of woildlj law, thj crime ii not greuL llioa 
•halt not la^ mj coiusd and oon^anj. Wharerer thmj take thee, I 
will be bf thj aide." 

"M7 heart thanka 70Q, Hr. Bheinenberger!" qaculated yoinig 
Ifaneetj. 

" Bnt thj oncle," continned Oiiaa. " What ia to beeome of him? 
Alaal I fear he ia t0B<v bodj and BonL ATeoging men are hotlj «n 
his tiack; anumg wIkho ia Bichard Hibblethwaite, who (so I bear) ia 
mad with rage at aomethJng be baa recently diaoarered. I tremble to 
thiak John Moneatj'B speed; death may not be averted. Mj heart 
jeanu to aave him «jfirrdeBth. He hath t«npted Satan to tempt him. 
O Godl" added tbe Sforavian, with aplifiad ejea, "be mercifid, eren 
onto him, a desperate ainner! " 

Farther diMonne waa prevented, b; the arriTal ot fonr peracou, 
three of irittna were conatabka, bearing a litter; the other was a 



It aroeaiad, tbat tbough the pnraait of Itaneatjr waa the chief oV 
ject of Ogletborpe and hu foUowera, one of the latter waa nevenhdeaa 
diqiatchä lo the pnblic office of Uverpocd with news of Manes^a 
freah atrod^, whicb Oglethorpe bad witnesaed on ^inttaching the 
graup, and with a reqiüaitioa for aaaiatance on the Spot This aatound- 
ing newB was boued aboot, and reached the eara of the Maravian. 

Hugh waa imme^ately taken into cnstodT; and the rargeoB harin^ 
aa weil aa he was able, examined Colond Stanle^'a wonnd, ordered 
him to be placed in the littar, and conv^ed to his own bonae. Totmg 
Hanes^, the oAcer «ho had charge of him, and Ozias Rheinenberger, 
then prac«eded to the magistrate'a oS&ot, wher^ aller examination, 
Ungh was held to bail to appear, ahoald an; charge be made againat 
him. Hia aureties were the Moraviui, and another of the " Unitaa 
Fratmm;" the former of whom took the afflicted jotmg man to hia 
(Rheinenbergar'a) own koose. 

News waa brought to them, in th« coune of the night, that Stanley 
lud e^red «1 the litter, as die; were carrTing him home. 



CHAPTEE XXVI. 
uwna ttKmJtM'» Faani>T um rra kesolts.— Mna. rABWoTmi 

ABO KABT trAKLXT. 

JoBK Hankbtt had not long left Vamham'a honaa before that 
xemctable attomey, having auit awaj the oonatablea in the paaaagf^ 
ttiak GOonsel with himself how far be might be able to obtain poaaea- 
eicm of the aecrets contained in the portmantean, aad yet aecore the 
five hnndred pounda for delivering it to the peraon authorised by 
Hanesl7 to reoeive it. In this interesting and all-absorbing con- 
templatioD, he waa obliviouB of Mr. Mott in hia narrow prison. 
Having ordered his derk to deoy him to anjr ^^ilicant, the lawjv 



JOBN HAHESTT, THE LITBBPOOL HERCHANT. 121 

■ttached bimself to the pursnisg party — provided horses for every 
luciiiber of it, and was bimself mounted on hie blood-mare, Jeaaj. 

On retuming to bis honee, and again secluding himself in bis room, 
^vith a vienr to a furtber examination of the portmaatean, Vambam 
was Btartled by a low knocking, seenüngly agünst tbe wainscot. 
Guilt Starts at trifles. Ezekiel looked round in dismaj; but no one 
was in tbe apartment except himself. Agun the knocking was beard, 
and for a moment tbe lawyer uaderwent s tremor at Üie idea tbat 
some inrisible agent was rebuking bis treacheiy. " Let me out 1" 
cried a voice; and tben, tbough not tili then, did tbe lawjer recollect 
tiukt Mott was locked in tbe parlour closet. Hurrying tbe portmanteau 
out of sigbt, Vambam released the priaoner, wbo, staggering forward, 
sank exhausted into a chair. 

" Why, you look iU, my friend," said Ezekiel, opening the window, 
and admitting air. 

" Enough to make a man look ill, and feel ill, too," retnmed Mott. 
" Tto been jammed uprigbt in tbat infernal cupboard two hours at 
leasU Wby didn't you let me out before yoa went out yourself ?" 

"I was called away by pressing businesa, and actuaUy forgot you. 
Hott," replied Vambam. " Sball I order you aome refresbment?" 

" No," Said Mr. Mott, sulkily. " To speak uprigbt and downrigbt, 
Mr. Vambam, I am able to prove that you've took and compounded 
felony. If you hadn't opened tbat closet door, I should bare took 
John Manesty upon a Charge of murder, as sure as eggs is eggs." 

"Not you," responded the lawyer. "I mean no offence to you, 
Hott, but tiBO better men than you would bave been required to eecure 
tbe mercbant. Talk no more nonsense, man; but be thankful that by 
providing you witb a retreat, I prevented tbe blowing out of your 
braina bj Jobn Manesty's pisttj." 

" Wben an officef's on service," observed Mott, witb a dogged tär, 
"ain't it bis duty to expoae bis preclous üfe to all bazards? Tbougb 
Fm a hnsband and a father, Hr. Vambam, and bave three emall 
babbies and a wife to pravide for, yet my body beloogs to our sovereign 
lord the king, in the execution of the atatutea as by law " 

" I know all about that," intemipted Varnbüi. " Say no more. 
Hera are a couple of guineas for you." 

" I don't tbink it's alb^cther agreeable to my dnty to take 'em," 
returned Mott, bandUng the money. " I never, in aU my llfe, took 
a bribe, espedally on Service." 

" But you are not on Service now," observed tbe lawyer. " Besides, 
you know you can trust «u. Put tbe coin in your pocket, Mott, and 
Bsy no more about it." 

The constablc did as be was bidden. Then assuming a very grave 
and important face, he said — 

" There's anotber tbing, Mr. Vambam, which you and I must just 
onderstand one another about, afore I leave this room." 

" ^Vby, wbat's the matter now?" demanded Ezekiel, in a trembling 
TOice. 

" I see you tbrongb tbe key-bole," pursued Mr. Mott, " a taking 
monlds of seals, and drawing out of rivets from a lock to a portmantel. 
It majf be aü rigbt, you know, or it mayn't; but if any question about 
papera in a portmantel sbould cver come up, and I should be put upon 
my bodilj oath as to what I sce wben I was locked int« the cui.boardj 



JOBS MAHEBTT, THE UTBBPOOL HBBCHAJrr. 133 

hnrd the vwce of F»te, «fter long üknoe, BnnouiciDg k temble con- 



" A long and feorful tngedy haa pasied before mj ejta," sud tha 
widow, to Mary Stanlef ; " bat I feel that the catastnqthe ia fast ^i- 
proachiDg. John Manesty will aever be taken alive, depend on tfaät. 
He caonot, however, eacape — he canaot eac^>e! His last jonmej has 
come. He ü flTing, with whirlwind speed, to death. DreadM re- 
pttbate as he ia, I canitot help pitring lum- Alj heart is orerladeo. 
Bear with me, Mar; '. " oraitiBued ahe, bursting into « paaräonate flood 
of tears. 

The deepening mjatery which hnng orer Mn. Taringtoa drew 
Mary Stanley from her owd sorrows, fw not even theae could hinder 
the atrong emotioa of coriosity. She bumed with impatience to learn 
the Strange facta concealed in the widow'e boatnn. Bot ao bitter 
■eemed the aufieringB of the latter, that Mary viewed them with ralent 
respecti and Mrg. Yarington, after endeavouring wilhout «uccesa to 
regün her composure, retired to the solitude of her own room. Her 
meditationa there are known only to herseif and Heaven. 

In the moming, ehe appeared more calm and coltected, though 
Bomething in her deameanour seemed to indicate that her sereoity was 
forced. She inquired of the servants if any fresh news had been 
heard of Maneety. On their answering in the negative, flhe expressed 
surprise, adding, " He cannot escape: the world ig not wide enough 
to aSbrd him a hiding-place. Wretched man! he will oever aleep 
«gain, unless it be the final sleep." 

" And Hugh," said Mary Stanley — " surely Hugh can be in n» 
datier? He is too good— -too hononrable to be implicated in the 
deeda of his father." 

" Hia father I " echoed Mrs. Yarington. " Why do yon call John 
Hanes^ his father?" 

" AlasI " responded Uary, " perhaps I bave betrayed his conSdence. 
Tou, deor Mrs. Yarington, will not, I am sure, take advantage of my 
«ant of cantion." 

" Did he teD yon thi« himaelf ? " uked the widow. 

"Yea." 

" Poor Hugh! What must be his agony! " ejacolated Mrs. Yar- 
ii^toD. " For many yeais," continned she, " the great longing of 
my heart has been to vint Wolsterholme Castle. ■ This conld not be 
gratified, because the place had fallen, by pnrchase, into the hands of 
John Manesty, and because I heard he visited it fjrequently. I hare 
already told you, that not for worlda woold I stand in presence of that 
man. Bnt when his career shaU be over— when the grave has dosed 
on him — I wonld fain again see Wolsterholme. It was the haunt of 
my yoath, Mary. Will you go thither with me?" 

" Willingly," responded Miss Stanley. 

" And Hagh ahall go with us too, said Mrs. Yarington. " The 
place ia deserted, vacant, and in ruins; bnt I am told its quaint and 
fimnal garden still exiats; and one of the roome, called the garden- 
rooin, has been kept in repair by John Manesty. That he sfaould go 
to thia room once a-year, and aeclude himaelf in it, is the only good 
thing I know of tbe ruthless merchant. God knows he had reason 
enough to make an annual vigil there I To stand once more in that 
Toom, with yonng Manesty and you, Mary, by my aide, will indeed be 
balm to my heort." 



THE PBÜSSIAN PADDY GREKADIEB. 

BX B. B. PEAKB. 



It was B Bm&U, oddly-ahaped ch&mber into vhicli the Jew and the 
sreDadicr were introduced; on Ttuioua ghelres were placed cracibles. 
Seated at a furnace, in a conier of the room, was an aged Jew, of sallow 
OOfflplexioD, latent in bis employ over a melting-pot, and he was with. 
• IsTgQ blow-pipe increasiog the heat of hU fire. Ue ataited and 
trembled on perceiring a tall eoldier in uniform. A word, howerer, 
in H«brew, from Shadracb. restored him to composure. 

Shadrach noir inspected the pearl necklace, and made Fat Doyle an 
offer of a aum about the twentieth part of its value. Äs that sunt 
«xceeded the amount of rent due bj Charlotte Baumer to her landlord, 
he readily agreed to take it. The two Jewa exchasged glances that 
platniy intimated that Mr. Doyle had stolen the pearls. Shadracb, 
bowerer, paid him the stipolated siun. 

" Now, while jvnr band is in," aaid PatriclE, " what will jou give 
me for this?" and he drew out the silver candlestick. A price was 
immediateljr offered, and accepted, when, to the Iriahman's surprise^ 
Sbadrach took. iip a atrong hammer, and in a trice beat the candleatick 
to pieces, and in fire minutes the whole of them were in the melting- 
pott and the sallow old Jew was puffing out bis lanky cheeks with 
more energy thon ever with the blow-pipe, at the same timo holding; 
lüa beard awa; from the fire, for fear of slngeing that worslüpful 
appendage. 

In the meantime, ona of the priests, accomptnied by tJte rerger, 
went to the commiasaiy of police, and made a depoütion bs to tho 
Tobberf and saciilege that had been committed, aa it was conjectured, 
hy an exceeding taU grenadier; a police spy was sent instanüy to the 
entrance of the Jews' suburb, and a lecond to tbe barrackg, and there 
posted near the gate to watch the soldiers on their retum for the 
evening parade. 

The substance of the obserrationa of the two police-officers to their 
principal was aa fn^ows, and entered on the minute-book : — 

Feriinand Buncker depMed, that he saw a tall grenadier emei^ 
frora the Jews' Qoarteri that the grenadier occasionidly looked behiöd 
him as if to notice whether he was obserred; that he tben entered s 
wnall cafe, where he drank two glasscs of brandy, in payment for 
whtcfa he tendercd a florin ; he then hastily made bis way to the River- 
street, where he ascended the ataircase of the honae No. 28; that 
ahortly afterwarda he came forth accompanied bj n female, hy nama 
Charlotte Baumer, mender and cleaner of lace, who wslked with him 
to the gate of the barracks. 

The miyor of the rcgiment on guord had ploced Corporal Huller. at 
the gate, the momcnt he heard of the robbeiy, and each grenadier aa 
he entered was ordercd to filc to tbe right into the guard-room, whera 
tbe potice-ofScer was stationed, who had dlrections of tbe major to 
«earch erery soldier minuteiy and individually. 

Claus Schroeder, police-officer, deposed that he, hj the wders of 
TOL. Tl. X. 



THB ranSBUK PAIHtT OBSKASIBS. 137 

dw poiri nadJace and the eandleatick. Hw» ww not a donbt on the 
nutUr to a ringle penon in the wbole eoort. 

Hw ^iwoer tm called oo fi» bis ikfence, whea Fat "Doyle, dnw- 
i» hinü^ np with utoniehing adf-posBeesiQa, denied tba commiseion 
of anj thei^ ufing, tlut tha H0I7 Virgin, from pitf to hia porertj, 

BAD FBEUXTID BIM VITH TBK OflEUiraBl 

Jan. M'Greg» had certainly dq[MBed that atua hesid the prwoaer 
töaeolai/B, aa in prajer, the vorda, "BLcaaza TnaiM, bklt m 

roVESTT." 

As thia was the only deCsnce Fat Dc^le had to ofier, the conrl^ 
•fiecting som« littte delibenCk», doomed him to deatfa as a aacrilegioDS 
robber. 

Jnat at this tim^ Frederic the Seoond was perwuallj Buperintend- 
in^ with hia acciiatonied actint7, an inspectiOD of all hia r^imokta in 
qoarters, rapidlj traTellii^ from place to place. 

In a briet r^fort from Connt Feihbellin, the cokmel of the ragiment 
to whieh the Iriihman beltmged, the ci^onel minntely detailed thia 
aingular caae, to his m^estr. On the king moking stMue fiuther 
iDijuiiy, with the verj extraordinär; memor; (which he and Other 
crowned heada have powessed) he recollected the tatl, finely-fbnned 
grenadier, whtnn fae h»l previoualy noticed at Berlin. 

In Pmsaia, in 178^ (and it nuj be the law of the present time,) 
whatover number of aona a peasant had, the; were all liable to be 
Uken into the militaiy serrice, exc^t one who wae left to aanst in 
the management of the fvm. The reat were decorated with Iwdgea 
from tbdr ehildhood, to mark that thej were destined to be shot at, 
whenerer bonourablj called iqwn by thetr coantry. The army of 
Frederic the Secrakd amoonted to 220^000 nun, indoding 40^000 
canjry. The roaintMning so large a bodj of troc^ in a coontry 
natorally OBequal to it, occaakmed anch a drain from the popnktion, 
aod auch a withdrawal of stresgth bota the tiUage of the earth, that 
Frederic the Seco&d endeavoured to aave hia own peaaantry by bring- 
ing H many reemita as be could from other countries. 

Tliefle foreign recniits remsiaed ctmtiaually in the regimenta in 
which thfry were placed; but the naüve Fnuaians h^ everyyear aome 
nionths furlongh, during which they retumed to the houaea of their 
parenta ot broth«^ and worked at the bosiness of the farm, or in any 
anndicraft in which they might have been broi^ht up. Evety foreign 
recrait was, therefore, of value in the eyes of the govemment. 

Hie U^eety Frederic the Second, reigned absolute through all his 
dominions ; he was a little jealoua of the increase of caäiolicism, 
althongb all religiwiB were tiderated. And as the Bishop of Fosen 
■od a ooDclave m popiah divines had deädedly made np their minds 
that thia despcnler of their cbnrch shoold become a terriUe examfde, 
so hia nupestj of Frusaia secretly deternüned that be wöuld thwart 
their mild intentiona. 

To sttengthea their case, the Romaa-catludic clergy preased his 
nujes^ to con&rm the sentence of the court as a public wanüng. 
Vnäene appointed a day, wben be reoeired the bishop and the aaoat 
ipftuentjal of the [nneathood. Hia m^es^ liatened with laudable 
patieace to tbe facta and the ai^nments; but when it came to Ihe point 
of defence which Ihe prisoner had aet up, that the Madonna had pre- 
■ented him with the offerings, the sagadty of his nugeety predMninUe^ 
k2 



ISS THE PBD88IAN ?AODT GKSNADBB. 

and he asked the bishop and other dirines, wliether, acoording to tlieir 
religion, the miracle was impoeüble? 

Hiej replied, that the case was extraordinaiy, bot not inqiouAle. 

" Then," said Frederic, "the cnlprit cannot be pnt to death; bo- 
canse he denieB the theft, and becanse the divines of his ovo reUgitm 
allow the miracle of the gift of the artjcles in question, not to be im- 
posaible." The bishop tumed pale— the clergy stared at each otlier. 
The hing cahnly proceeded, " But, gentlemen, it must be perfectlj 
understoöd, that we strictly forbid thia grenadier, or ttay other of onr 
soldiers, under pain of death, henceforward to receiw any praetit 
Jrom die Virzin Mary, or any laint whatever." 

Hia majesty then broke up the Conference, greatly to the niortifica- 
tion of the chnrch dignitaries, who now upbraided themselrea fbr 
havü^ admitted the pouibUUff, which gave theiE-.intended rictim the 
benefit of the doubt. 

PUrick Doyle, to his infinite snrprise, was reBcued &om the ptmish- 
ment he merited; lio had received a sufficient waming, and he TOwed 
for the remainder of his life (of which he had so narrow an escape) 
nerer more to place it in dsnger, excepting in the service of the 
monarch whose pay he received. 

We have not jret quite done vith Frederic the Second and the Irish 
grenadier. Doyle retumed to the duties of hJs regiment, and anb- 
mitted witbont a mnnnur to all the petty annoyances and mH-raama of 
Corpora! Muller, whoee jealousy still continued, becanse Fat was the 
taller man by tvro inches. 

The following year, the king had been snfiering from gont and 
osthma, which it must be owned were not a üttle aggravated by the 
pleaaores of the table, for his m^esty, like hia loyal subjects in BerUn, 
was attached to good feeding. The Berlin cookery is remarkable for 
ita gieat variety. What mnst Berlin cookery have been to an Irieh- 
man, when it whs deemed esaential that the cook should be competent 
to make from potiUoes twelve rarious dishesi But we digress: we 
must come to our concluding anecdote. Frederic the Second havii^ 
partially recoTered, recommenced hia usnal solitary rides in the neigh> 
bourhood of hia capital, dressed in the phiinest manner, and one day 
sallied fortb from the celebrated Brandenburgh Gate, (erected a few 
years prerioualy,) und rode into the country unattended. 

When about eight milea from Berlin, he saw a young woman of 
gigantic statnre digging in the fields. Thisyoungperson wasbutnine- 
tecn years of age; but slic stood seven feet and two inchea in her shoea. 
She was so tatl, that it was positively an inconvenience to her. If, 
during tlie holiday or camival time, ahe canie to Berlin, a rabble fol- 
lowed her in the fitreets; — if shc accompanied her friends to a theatre, 
there waa always an outcry from the persona behind her that ehe was 
to Bit down, though, poorthing, she was already aeated;— if ehe virited 
tlie pubUc gardena to aee the firetrorka, aomc in the crowd were 
always aure to cxclaim, that one solitary female waa atanding on a 
chair, and that it was unfair to the others. People who did not like 
t» be OTerlooked, complnined that she peeped in at their firat-floor 
Windows. The poor girl had once to travcl from Berlin to Kagde- 
bui^gh, and she was compelled to ride with her head out at the window 
of the Diligence, the whole joumcy, for she could not ait upright in 
the carriagc. She had also to undeigo many other minor inconTe- 



THE PBÜ88IAN PAODT GBBKADIBR. 129 

— if ehe wanted her hair cut, tbe baiber was obliged to rnonnt » 
pur of Steps Ui accomplisli the buainese; — there were no stocüngs 
enr maaubctiired that were long enongh for her leg; — and if ehe 
wanted new articleB of dothiog, there was as much linen, &<;. required 
aa would fumish a bedstead. In short, ehe waa too long. 

Bat not so thought the King of Frossia. We bave before alluded 
to hü predilection for tall soldiers, and he imagined on looking at this 
aplendid iemale specimen, that if ehe was mated with an eqnally tall 
peraon of the other sex, that a couple of the kind miut produce veiy 
laige childreo, 

The r^iment in which Fat Doyle serred was now again qnartered 
in Berlin. 

Frederic viewed this ^oung peasant with almost as much delight as 
Sing Arthur beheiz Gltmdatea, in the tragedy of " Tom Thumb;" 
so he dismoimted, and entered into oonTersation with her, and was 
oreijoyed to hear that she was a aingle womaii, and that her fatfaer 
was 80 poor that she was compelled to work in the fields. The king, 
who was never to be driven out of anjr project he had once formed, 
moonted bis horsa and rode to the neareet house, where, procoring 
pen, paper, and sealing-wax, he wrote as foUows to Colonel Ferh- 
beUin:— 

" CoLOHZL, — Ton are to marry the bearer of this note to the tallest 
of mj grenadiers. Take care that the ceremony be performed imme- 
diately, and in yonr presence. Yon mnst be responsible to me for the 
execution of this order : it is absolute ; and the least delaj will make 
jon criminal in mj sight. 



In penning this tüllet his m^jeaty had the fortunes of Mr. Doyle in 
Tiew; bot he did not particularize, that he might not cause any unne- 
ceaeai7Jealonsy amongst the grenadiers ofColonelFerhbelUn'sr^iment. 
AAer he had sealed this epistle, he rode back to the field to the tall 
jonng lady, who wondered at the reason of being thus accosted, and gave 
- her the letter, withont infonning her of its Contents, and ordered her 
to deliver it punctually according to the directions, and not to fail, as 
it was an af&ir of great consequence. His mqeatj then made her a 
handaome present in money, and contiihied his reute. 

The tall youog woman, who had not the least idea that it was tlie king 
who sp«^ to her, retnmed home wheu her work was orer. In the 
cottage where she lived lodged her sunt, a little old shrew, with a 
tnmed-up nose, blear-eyed, and smoke-dried, of a pestilent temper, 
bnt with no had (^inioo of her looks, good sense, and genteel deport- 
inen t. 

The next day there was some hay to be stackcd; and as the Stack 
had already risen beyond the pitch of the usual run of mcn labourera, 
the tall young woman had undertaken to fork it up, and believing it 
to be perfectly indifferent whether the letter was delivered by another, 
so as it came safe to band, ehe chargcd her briak old aunt with the 
commission, laying expresa injunctiona on her to say that she had it 
&om a man of suiä a garb and mien. 

The old t«rmagant aunt was delighted at the prospect of her trip to 
Berlin, for sho wanted to see the fkshions, and to replenish her snuff- 
bozt so she adomed herself in her bright holiday ckÄhes, paitook of a 



THE PECanAK PADDT OBEKABIER. 131 

nodaii of Hcertnning how hü ei^erimeiit for obtaining a stock t£ 
gianta was proceeding, whea Coipoisl Muller and hü bride were prcr 
aoBted to hü mqeatj. The hing loot hü nsual lereDi^ of tendier, 
mai delivered hü aentiiiieiita of dinppointment in no meaenred temu 
to the «doDeL He wu im[J»cftble imtil the little dd woman confessed 
Ütt tnith, fimdlüng her tide \>y raising her ejes to Hekren, and thank- 
ing I^orideoce for confeiring on bat benefit the w/ok signal and 



I'Vederic, thongb morüfied, conld not reaüt langhing immoderxtefy; 
Dttt to in^e acHne smenda to HnDer, he pnauoWd bim. The pio- 
nottOD, bowevsr, did not add to Um domestic bappiDew of Halter; fcv 
hii irife led bim a life of petty anttOTances aore galÜDg than he had 
ever iDflicted on Fat Dojle, or aaj of the recoiiitB nnder driU. 

Up to thü pünt there ü no müai conTeyed in our tale. 

Patrick Dojle continned in the Fnuäsa aervice, and was in th« 
annj that was sent tiy Frederic-William the Second (saoaeaBor t» 
Prederic the Boccskd) to Hcdland, to obtain satisfactit»! of the (lo-called) 
patriots wfao refosed to recc^nue the rights of the Stadtbolder, and 
inanlted bis wtfe (the King of PruBsia^ aister) on her waj to tbo 
Hagne. Here Do^ had an oppoitnnitj' of ezhibiting hü brareiy, 
and BoUieriike qnälitieB. He gräduallj gained promotion, and ia the 
war against France, in 1792, he held the rank of seijeant-miyor. 

At a mbaeqaent pcrtod, be annnally aod Mcretlj slipped into Iha 
box, whicfa wai pUoed in the eathoüc cb^iel at Posen, for tbe contri- 
bstioiii of the diaritaUe, in aid of the poor, a aum &r exceeding tfae 
anonnt of ^w* dolinqueDCT* 



THE TEAPPEE. 

A. LKOBND OV THE WEBT. 
BT JOHH VILLS. 

Od the »bona tS tbe Hndaon, in timea long ainee pasaed away, an 
laobtad being Gved, beoiing üia mme of Niiä Wob^. Hü Bolitarr 
hooie waa in a TaDer of tlw higblandi, abont a mile frran the riven 
iMnk, and h» oocupWHm coaaiated in bnnling and trqiping, and tnuling 
ibr fürs with tfae Indians. He was tall aiä gannt, widi a pecutiarlj 
■tem and even melancbolj expreaüon of feature, and, frtnn hü tooely 
^Bomy babits, aeemed to «Um no kith nor kindred with aay liviiu 
«mtnro. Tlie onlj ootsfanion of hü honra was a griadj deerboima, 
whoee speed and strength oflen o'ennatched the fleeteat bnck; and 
once be doaed widi a eÜTer panther, and, deapite tbe moneter'a fiuioua 
atruggle^ ton thfi windpipe from bis throat. Cmtched before the 
Are in Üie log-cabio, he wonld watch each more and getture of faia 
naatcr, and Im aa readj aa hü abadow to ob^ tbe beck and look. 
Thiu j«ars had omne and gone, and atül fbund no dhange in tba 



hie daj, a partf of Indiana, of the Penobooot tribe, approached hk 
dwelling, and proffered skins, in exchange for the whhe man'a flr^— 
water ud gnnpowder. Among them was a girl of nngalar beas^, 



TBE TBAPFKB. 133 

retnrning front examining his tnps, lat« on« ereDiug, he was some- 
vhat aatooished, and not a little vexed, at hü wife's neglectiiig to 
nwet bim, according to her wontod cuBtom, some ahort distance from 

" Wbore is Minamee, I wonder? " said he, striding towarde tbe 
door; and aa he reocbed the threahold, he etambled heavUjr againrt 
someÜUng laid acrosa iL Upon etooping to ascertain the cause« he 
diacorered the lifeleaa bodj of hie futhfiil deerhound. 

" Minamee! " he ahonted, «ith Stentorian lusgs. " Sea and earth! 
Jiow did thifl happen? Minamee, I say! " 

"Hiuh!" exclaimed a voice, in a whisper. " Hosh, youll wake 
mj child." 

"Wake joax child!" repeated he, hearing bis wife neatUng her 
infitnt to her boeom, as he tlirew open the door, " Wake your — " tbs 
sentence was unfinished. Fell horror petrifled him with tbe sight that 
preaented itself; bis lower jaw dropped, and bis ejea seemed ready 
to Start from tbeir strüned sockets; tbe warm blood curdled in bis 
veina, and the checked pulse ceosed its throbbing. Sitting before tbe 
heartb, npon tbe floor, there was the joxxng motber, bearing marks of 
cmel Tiolence in her gasbed features and disordered dress, and pressing 
to her breast the beadless trank of her iniant. Pale was her connte- 
nance; and the lixed, glaaej stare betokened madnesa in all its borrid 

" Saj," acreamed übe trapper, rnsbing to the aide of bis demented 
lrif&— ** say how — who bas done tbis? " 

" HuabI " replied Hinamee. " Do ]rou not eee he sleeps? " 

"Godof beaven!" exclaimed be — " sbe's daft — gone wild — madl" 
and, scaroely less so bimself, tbe Strong, bold bunter howlcd in bia 
imeery. 

For days he was unable to leam the particolan of the terrible 
«atastrophe. At lengtb, a change took place in tbe benigbted reason 
of bis wife; bnt, like the remaining spork in the charred ember, it waa 
the last edSbrt of the mind ere death expunged its miseries, 

It appeared that at snnset Minamee was preparing to eet out to 
meet her busband, after roUing her little cha]^ in a robe of bu^o- 
Ain, and placiiig him on bis bed of straw, wben the long shadow of % 
man was caat aoddenljr into the entrance, and as quickly disappeared. 
Tbe 4eerfaonnd ^mng fram tbe floor, on which he bad been Ijäng, 
and, as be le^>ed to Üio doorway, foUowed bj bis mistress, tbe sbarp 
«rack of a rifle was beard, and the noble animal feil dead at her feet- 
In an instant afterwarda, tbe (orta of an tndian, whom Minamee at oncs 
reoognised as the foiled assassin at her marriage, bounded into the 
cabin, and, deapite the ntotfaer's furioni stniggles, clutched her child 
from his little couch, and brandiahing his knife with sarage jella, 
aevered the head from its bodjr. 

" liiere, " said he, pitcbing the corpse towards the frantic motber, 
" is mj revenge. Blood to the red man's wrong is as water to fire. 
I am aatiafled. Farewelt! " and tnming upon bis beel, be quitted the 
Spot, like one who had accomplisbed a noble deed, with a slow and 
haosfaty footfolL 

TtM bitherto b^>py and contented home of tbe trapper was now 
deeolated. It was a loi^, long time since tears bad fallen from Nidc 
Wotaeys e^es; but as be watched tbe nnking moments of his dying 
wife, tiaj chased eacb other down his furrowed cheeks in streams, aod 



THB TSAP?BB> 



135 



•peak. In • few minutes the living and the dead weie Ushed fa^^ether. 
Tho brekthing msa and pnfarid corpaei featering in comiption, were as 
one. When so niu<£ öf the borrid woik wbb finiahed, tbe trapper 
■tood with folded anua, aod, with a fiendiah amile, aurreyed the ad- 
Tinoentent of hü task. 

" And now to ccHnfdet« it," aaid he, Ufting the load lightlv in hia 
anUt and pUcii^ it longwaja on the bock of hia lume tethered cm tbe 
RMniward. ThJa aninuJ snified tha air, and would have {dunged 
man hia borthen had not tbe well-known voioe of hia maeter soothed 
aad qnieted him. Still be atood with ßtaj eyeballa and dilated noatrila, 
ready ta ßj frun hia own abadow aa be smelt the offensive stench 
iaauing finm the cxadle. Girding it, in tbe same faahion as the bodiea 
w«K boond togccber, round the Itniu, riba, and neck of the hone, ho 
aoomtriTed to fix it that seither joltnorjaroouldmOTeitfroin. tha 
finnponüon. 

" Now, mj eagle of tbe rock,' aaid the trapper, addreadng bis 
hotae — " mj uatuaed amcwn, yoa diall, Sat tbe firat time ainoe je 
left the prairie-fnaa, feel tlie efibcta tS tbe laab;" and takii^ a pnn- 
iAing «witch in hia band, he atro^ the aninial ahaiply ontil mmigfat 
to a pitdii of Svxj and pain. flakea of foam fl«w Irain hia mouth, and 
■treama of perqtiration rolled front erery pore in hia skin. Tja^ang 
in the air, l^e a atricken atag, he ebove to sni^ the bond whidt beld 
him, and at length, with one terrific plimge and crj of teiror, broke 
«raj with the apeed of thong^t, and awept tbrougb forest, swamp, 
■ad wild, with niädneaa in ereiy atride. Chi,'on ho wenL The flooi 
waa paaaed, the prairie gained ; atOl on he wenL A. wild, pieroiiv 
ahriek broke on the unbounded waat^ aod lent new fear to the mad- 
dened hone. Oa, on he went. Tbe noootide ann darted hia raja, im- 
tookeo hy leaf or boufl^ t^on tbe fleeing o'erloaded steed; bot atill hia 
gallop waa Bnalackapcd. Hia akinuiiing ahadow becamegigantic in tbe 
nllinglighti aadatülbecontinuedon. The pale motmti^ed the thia 
Aeenr «londa with bar ührer li^it; aod yet bu qteed waa iinabated. 

IIa aaid— bat evcr in a «i^>er — ay the buntera of the fär wea^ 
that the hone maj atill be aeen aoooring tbe plaina, wfaere the foot&U 
of man iaaddombeardt with hia load Ol tbe liriag and tbedead. 



LOVE IN HATE. 




Umtj vU had powar lo doeai hin 

T««lBel^af(aini 
I wmH «rike, Hd dia, MMdMi^ 

Tte I hri BM Und binda. 



CA, tfia mj boN« Ijat, 

I caold woA hin daadlj aeatha I 
Ob, if I «ooldcUip hiai, djii^ 

AadrtoatTahUpgtiagb w ath 
In <■• bant of bo^ag paiiioa 

I venld kin bin inl» death 



lift, Ihat oaoe bii lore oaaftw'^ 
jUd tbat Um of Wh bota, 

Had, eonplBMd, nanfMai'd. 
TbM iB a(Doj of pity 

I wottld die npctt hii bwa il l 



MT HOüSE IN CECIL STREET. 

BT HBB. WHITE. 
TBK KEPKISVB. — PABT II. 

HoDR after faoor wore on, and stUl th« Bune suffoeating aob»— the 
same bitter cries broke from the Chamber beaid« me. What wooM I 
DOt have given tbr tJie meang of comfortiiig her unhappy Bpirit; bat 
nnconsciona of the cause of her mental aufiering, I knew not what 
snod^e to apply. One moment, the recoUectioii of her father's 
friendship, of ber own 70UÜ1, and my matemitj, seemed to give me a 
right to Bhare with her auch conaolation as one heart (that haa itaelf 
passed through the fiery fumace of many-ehaped affliction) can oBec 
to another; but there was snch a mystery in her distreaa — a belored 
daaghter — an adorod wife — (for I hüA heärd from her &Uier that ehe 
iraa happüy and uiexceptionably married) — I knew not what to think, 
aad dräaded aomething wrong — some Btory of woman'e fraihiees, and 
incODSiBten<7, and lato remone. Ob, how I wronged her! Little did 
I anrmiee that the high and holj purpose of her miaeion — the secret of 
her urgent agony at the footatool of her God, waa the forfeät life of 
her huaband I Oh, Barth — Earth I which of Äy children can connt 
on the eeeming faimeae of bis destiny? But I anddpate. 

These fears prevented my obtmding my aympathy; bat I prsyed 
beartilyforherj and theo again endeavoured to obtain tfae rest tliat; my 
duly duties rendered neceasary for me; but my atato of mind made it 
imposdble for me to sleep, though T occasionally feil into pertorbed 
snatches of repoBe« as people in fever do; and as often aa I w(^ vp 
from theae confuaed and nnrefreshing alumbers, though I ooold not 
bear her footatep, I oonld teil by the recurring ahadow that kept darkaa- 
ing the glimpee of light through the door, in her passage to and (ra 
the Toom, that the poor ypung creature did not even endeavonr at 
obt^ning rest No, all night long — all night long— ehe kept her 
melancholy vigil; perhapa the hours that to me i^ipeared iaterminaUe 
all too Short for her engrossing sapplication. Bot, ob, it was a adenui 
thing to lie awake through thoee dismal hours, hearing, amidat the 
buffetingB of the storm and plashtng raina, the aadder diaaonance <£ % 
mind in auffering, which no human band could alleviate. 

Never did I feel more grateful for the dawn of a new day than when 
die glare of the stormy clouds told me the shadows of the night had 
Taniäed; and then, too, either overcome with natural wearineaa, or 
fearful that the ears she had imagined aealed in the darknesa of t^^tt 
shotild become cognizant of her distress, the poor lady'a voice ^ed 
away, and I truated that for a time unconsdousnees brought her s 
temporary relief from her affliction. She had deaired to be called by 
a certain hour; and I took care that breakfast, in its most inviting 
form, should meet her upon leaving her apartment. Bat the fall heart 
has no appetite; and though (in order to aave the preaenc« of servante) 
— for the night ehe had paaaed waa deeply evidonced in her wom and 
pallid aapect— I mode breakfast for her myself (an attention ahe Mt, 
and thanked me for), ahe did nothing bnt trifle with a morsel of diy 
toaat; and after two or three ineffectual attempts to awallow it, posbed 
aside the cup, into which her tears had fallen, and, with a iook tiiat 
.aeemed to eay, " Ton see I try to do as you wiah m^ and I thaok yoa 



KT E0D8E m CBCU. STBEBT. 137 

'^^ ^^'flto '" ''""^ away and wept. Now, who 

^*äK^^ ^ ' Yct withhold the worda of sym- 

'Btta^^'^^'VtL.j. , "^ '^ longing to pour out. 

*ft7 ^^ife *!^ vSfcl **W , ■^ ■ "> ■ meoflure relieved her, 

r**^*^^^*^!?*^«^ "^ ^"^ obserred, my real 

4, '^Z**4ül^"^ Zr**: ^o •»«", u one older than her- 

^"i'stü . ■^^T* <fe «T** red-hot ploüghahares of afflic- 



^*aL^^^ ^ät^ perienced in human suäering — 

*^ JV'^**''^A^ ** "^ ^ '™^' tl»t "1 the agony I Imd 

^»«/J^, *^to/ ■^fa:('*'^ai. Oing night, there was no Bubmiasion 

'"^P^^SsS' 



'tf^ firit for Üie maateiy of its own will — 

~ ^ not for Btrength to bear, should that 

itruck on the nuster^chord of her grieff 



^ j^L*^ Aj' *6w^*'<Ä* followed I shall never folget. 

Ü "^j^^iU^ '^i^ Minuy Borrows admitted of reflignationr 

^^«^"^^ L^^^m ^"^^ *^* ^eaxl could not bear unbroken, and 

^^*'fegg^i» waa too dreadful — time could not soft«n the 

^ *^toi. . A ^'°^ ^^^ *" '^ endurance. /( vuut not be. 

* ^rf^ ^f^L '^®*' pniyer, and ahe would not cease to impor- 

Aij.'^^r^V^ Jted." jÜasl sodreadfuUydidgrief prey on her 

'^s^J^tii^^ja dre»ded for her senses; yet I remarked, though 

•g^vii^''f^ Bo conununicBtivei that ahe never once alluded to 

^^^fc?*^ ■'"^ '^ ™^ ^ """^ ^^'' ^""^ '" '''® meantime, I was 

Tt"^/^^ harahly of her impatience — it might be impiety. Sbo 

*i^i^'^ .7 wrong, but she could not help it. 

"^ht^^^^ ™7 theoreücal philosophy gave way before the strong 

^V ' *l)^ f grief ! and at length I could only mingle my tears witb 

ib'^B J^ay that her sufierings, whatever tbeir nature, might be 

^^4ty I hare oflen thongfat ainoe, how sadly her story evidenced 

■C^^ ^ower that ordera all tbinga knows b<^ what is good to be 

^4^ and what withheld — she gained her prayer, only to reuder 

'^^ more bitter the item courie of retribntive juaticc, that, in tbis 

Si^ 3ven a kingly voice ffüled to turn aüde. AVbile I still sat, vainly 

^ ATOuring to lead her mind from the diatresaes that abaorbed it, 

j postmui'e rap brought a sadden hectic to her cheek that faded to 

jy paleneM as I ploced in her band a letter besring an official seal. 

MW that its Contents, though probably expected, very much ezcited 

ncr, for her handa ahook while reading it, and a sort of nervoustremor 

was in her voice when, a moment or two afterwardg, she begged my 

assistanGe in making Bome alight alterations in her dressi alrcady, 1 

thought, unusually elegant for the time of day. 

Two hours, perbaps, possed away — ^no doubt to her of the most reat- 
lesa audety, for I could hear her ceaselesa footstepa to and fro tbe 
^artment, as she sought, by acdvity of motion, to reliere the pertur- 
batkin of her mind — and then a süperb equipoge drew up at the door, 
and a gentleman, who did not gire bis nome, alightod, and a moment 
aftar, came down stairs with the lody on bis arm, and they drove off at 
a r^tid rat«. I nercr aaw her after: hour afier hour passed hy— night 
caoe bac^— bat the lady did not retum, nor the naxt day, nor the next. 
I am afraid I must plead guil^ to a lorge ahare of that innate love of 
acandal that is generally attributed to my sex. I thought over the affair 
in every pennt of riew that my poor worldly Imagination could devise, 
and I bluäh to say, I arriTod at a very Airs. Condour-like conclusion. 
31>en was someüung ao inexplicable in her being aloue, and uoat* 



1S8 KT HODSB u ocn. nUBT. 

Unded'— in her exceediiut mentd distnsB— 4n tlui mziflty ihe luid 
eridenced about Üie Coming of that letter (fer ake uk«d frequenü^ i* 
what honxH leiten were däivored) — her emotkm Xt reeöring it— -Jw 
anxiouBiMe about her sppearance — and more thau bU, the hnnied 
maj in which ahe httd gone off with her aooDTUKnu Tisitor — I began 
to thii^ tbftt mf first fears were eonecV— that tbela^hadeloped,«nd 
that I wae, in a measnrei a parVf ooaoerned. Tfami, too, it firat o^ 
cnrred to me that I was not snie of her identi^; &r tboof^ ahe had 
introdnoed heraelf aa the daughter of mj friend. ehe had nevcr mcn- 
tÜKied her hiuband'i name, nor waa tbere aaj address an her trank to 
«nable me to advise with Um on the sulgect. I knew not what to d^ 
there was her oavdlii^ dreas, and watdi) and other trinkets, and to 
-address the otäonel od the afiir waa • verj dehcate and ODi^easant 
tssk; besides, I (dt cosvinced, tha^ if Knjthing of thia kind had oe- 
ctirred, on his part, at least, some attempt would have been made to 
reooTer her, so I determined to wait patiJently for time to unrayd the 
a^parent incongmitie« of the a&ir. AlasI all too soco I learat tbe 
melanchcdy Bttxj. 

Not much more than a fortnight after the cdreomatances I haTe 
described — at all events, while they were still freeh in all their inez- 
plicaUeneaa — I was told that a person frota Scotland deaired to eee 
me; and a respectaUe-Iot^ing old man, whom I at once reoogniaed as 
Ihe confidential serrant of C^^oel Singletoo many years bäon, foi- 
lowedmyintimatioBforhimtobeahewnin. Icannotuiythatlfdt aaj 
fiorprise at tbe eubdned air, and dqjected manner of the poor old man, 
fijT I had fall; made up my mind to tbe atory of his yoang ladj'a dis- 
grace, and I knew it woold fall as heavily apon the faübfä surant a* 
if she had been bis own child. Nerer can I sufficiently bäte the mt- 
charitaUe judgment of my illiberal hear^ or fargire myself the in- 
jastäce of my eu^icion. It ia oz»e of those stories that oocaaitHially 
gives to the page of tmth the romance of fictitm, and one to whi^ I 
feel it impoaaible to do justice. It is the heart alone that can fiU op 
euch recitals. Focff Forbes told it to me with a bowed down beai^ 
jind with accents broken by emotion. 

Whhout entering into detail« that £lled tbe pt^iers of the period, 
and the Ups of every one, it is merely necessary to State, that an after- 
dinner qnarrel had occuired between Majw CameroD, the hoaband of 
the unfwtunate lady, uid a brother offleer, with whnn be was dining; 
aome otgeetionable ex[»eBsi<Hi had been used, which the nuyar infisted 
on his äiecd's retracting, but which the other as pertinadoosly refaaed 
to withdraw. Heated by wine and aoger — for it ia bnt charitaUe to 
believe that neither party waa sensible at the time — a challenge en- 
Boed, which the m^or inuated on pntting to the iasue on tbe spot; and 
th^ fought with dosed dows, and without seconds, althou^ hia au- 
tag<miat was heard to say — " Thia ia not fair, Cameron; let os ha«« 
witaease^" Bat the visdictiTe feeling of the moment nauiped the 
place of evei7 other ccoimderation in the breast of the angiy man, and 
their oooflict went oa. It has eecaped me now whether Ibey made 
ose of swords or pistole, bot wbater^ tbe weapon, only a few momoits 
dmsed, tili the m^jor came forth alone, sobered, and a murderer I 

In those timea, when duelling was an everyday occurrenoe, it miut 
hare been the peculiar atrocioosnesa of this caae that indnced the 
rigorona measures that followed. Utgor Cameron waa imntediatdy 
^>prehended, and at the theo sitting aaaisea, convlcted of the murder, 



MT aoDSB Hl CTcn. 8TB£BT. 139 

■nd aenteneed to dntb — a soBtence m anlookad fbr 17 hia friend^ dutt 
Ins wif« aad &tfaer-i»law wen in coort nadj to noän bim on bis 
uqnituL Oaij a few äayt, and tbeae the iMolt o£ instaiit and iin- 
povtaBt interea^ iBterrenoi between bis oondemnation and the period 
ai ezeentkm, for tbe h,w was not tben so marciful aa at preamt, i^ 
i ndeed, tt be a mtmj to lengthen tbe twnra of death bj dajra and 
nights of agonidQg anticipation, bat these were nffident to enable tba 
devoted wiJh to plan and ezecnle ber intrepid eSbrt to redeem bim. 

Tearing beradf fram bis embrioe, and whbout evea tnistiag her 
trlatiTM witb ber design, lest tbdr bopclownieae and timidity ahoold 
oTemde it, sbe wrote to seenre the ^ of powerfol friends at tba 
coort of St. Jamei^s, to procnre her an aadienee of her tben ma^estjf 
Qoeen Charlotte, and strong in tbe coorage of dospaiiing lore^ niifno- 
teeted and noattended, set off Em Iioodon. 

And tbiB was tbe mystety mj narrow beart bad so grosdy inteis 
pretedl How well I coaU now undentand the Inttemeis of ber 
aorr o w — tbe passionato affmj of her Bnp|dicationa! Bot to coutinne 
117 atoiy. Intrednced to the presence of ber m^ea^i to cast heiaetf 
■t her fee^ to ponr forth tbe strong and afieeting expresdon tbat tbe 
emergens of Ute occanon, and t^ aaguiab of ber sonl dietated, waa 
the nntunl aetioR of impülae ; ber yoatb — faer eameatoeas — and the 
aigfat <tf her distress, so wnn^t npon the lojal wife, that thoo^ aha 
rsAiaed to int^ere witb tbe hing"» deciaion, sa r^arded her bndiand's 
Ate, abe beraelf led tbe nnhai^j Udy to tbe door of the rojral cloael^ 
aad commanded the page in waiting to adiwt her, lati^ed that no 
InfliNoca was so Ukely to affect bis m^eaty's det«rmiiiationB as tbe 
tutoral eloqnence of such a pleader. Boiised bj Ais sdecism in 
eoortb' etiquette, tbe hing tnnwd to tbe intmder, wbo» with the in- 
atinctne actk« of sni^liütioD, was alreadj kaealing at bis leet; aad, 
regardless of tbe n^al mandate to rise, ber woman's beert supptTing 
her with the strong and aActing flneu^ ot grief, sbe maintained her 
ktaable attitnde — her nnotmaected, but benrt-stirring appeal — tili the 
reaololion of the monvcb mezged in tbe compaesüm of tite man, and 
he gnmted to her persevering derotion tbe mercy that a rtrict aenae 
of jostice bad hilb»to dcmed. ^le rase, enriched bj tbe gift i)£ a 
lift a tboosand times more preeiooe than her own. 

Tlmantbes, wben he hid tbe countenanoe of AgamenuKm — to the 
ozpression of which he feit bis inafaility lo do joatioe— only c^qtied tbe 
expedient of natore, who throws tbe Teil of teara and mlmca orer all 
emodoQS in exceae. What words could bare expressed to tbe sympa- 
thixii^ sovereign the joj of thoae Streaming tears — tbe passioDate 
gratttode that bovered, but foond no voice, on tbe uplified and trem- 
blmg Kps — or tbe toucfaing bomage of her woman's form, bowing itself 
more lowly to bless than it had done to sopplicatel Üoved, ahnest, 
as präifuDy bj tbe sigbt of ber searoelj-supportable happiness as he 
bad been bj her exceiuTe grief, the king hntried ber frcnn the apart- 
meot, and placing in her hand the Instrument of her husband's safetj, 
bade ber remember, that tili it was preaented, her olgect was not 
acUered. With tbis sentenoe aobering ber Imagination, and quicken- 
ii% ber resolves, withont a mcmeat's ddaj, or even makiog tbe neeea- 
aarf alleratioos in her sttire, the anxious wife st^tped into the cai^ 
riage that had been prepared for her, and, accompanied hj the friend 
who had token her from mj boose, set off for Scotland. Relays of 
horses bad been ordered at the differest inna «long the road, and the 



140 MT HODBB IH CBCIL STSBBT. 

doueeur of « guinefl pramiBed ta the postiUiona for every mile efected 
in the boor above the ordinaiy rate of trarelling. Yet oncalcoUted 
impedimeats eeemed to throw ÜiemselTes in the way ; and as the foun- 
ing hones dashed into Edinbui^h, on the moming appointed for her 
husband's execution, the suUen toIÜDg of the denth-bell was the firat 
sonnd tbat met her agonized eor, and ahe kuew that the rerj moments 
of hifl life were counted. 

On, on, the carriage stmggled through the crowded Btreets, where 
eveiy moment freah obatacles occiured to retard its pn^ress — now, a 
line of vehiclea already blocked Ihü road, and there, an unseen barrier 
«ffectuallj prevented its entrance ; throngs of people filled ererj 
avenue to the place of execution; and, for the firat time, the faalf- 
frantic woman began to feel that even yet he might be lost to her. 
Throwing down the glassea, ehe itnplored the people, with the most 
piteons accents, to mäke way; but eome, coarsely conceiving her ob- 
ject was to obtun a betler view of the awftil exhibition, onlj closed 
more completely the approach, while others, judging bj the spattered 
State of the postillions and carriage, and the patchea of froth on the 
dieata of the panting horses, that the unfortunate lady was some re- 
lative hurTying to obtain a parting interriew with the nüserable pri- 
soner, assured her that the attempt was uEetesB — there was no fbrcing 
a w&j through the crowd. Haddened bj her fears, she sprang frcan 
the carriage, and utt«ring the word " Reprieve! " in the most thrilling 
scceata, with the document of her husband'a deliverance in her u[difted 
hande, ran through the deiise tfarong, who instiactively eeparated, ri^t 
and left, to admit her a passage. Her youth, the Etrange elegance of her 
nppearance, jast as she had quitted the presence of royalty, and mora 
thän all, the vehement angniah expressed in her countenance, afieqted 
eren the mgged hearts that composed that curioua asaemblage; and 
the feelinga of the mob, ever ia extreme, saddeoly became as interested 
in the safety of the condemned as they had berä onxious for bis exe- 
cution. The crj of " Repriere! " was caught up, and ahouted as with 
one Toice by the hoarse-throated multitude; bat it waa met bj the 
frightened ahridc of women; and died awajr in one fange groan as the 
figure of a man was saddenly seen to dangle from the gibbet; and 
after one frightful drawing up of the limbs, remained Isx and motion- 
less, except for the osciUation of the fatal rope. Still the miserable 
wife ruehed on. Now ahe is at the foot of Ute acafiold, forcing her 
waj, hy means of the nselesa mandate, through the armed and inter- 
ceptiog soldiery — now ahe is tottering «p its rtide Steps, and now be- 
aide the group of witnessing functionaries, and the niffion-looking exe- 
cutioner, in his hideous maak and revolting habit. Can consciouEness 
maintain that rigid composure a thousand times more terrible than 
the wildeat outbreak of deapair — ^that ghastly aspect — that stony ailence! 
See, the executioner haatens to detach hia victim — but, ah! too late, the 
faeart is yet warm, but the datem is broken at the wheel — the life of 
her life qneached! 

" Yea, madam," said the old man, in conclnsion, when he could 
sgain trust his voice to «peak, " I took her away without a tear er 
groan, and apparently unconacious of all ahe wttnessed; nor ia there a 
faope of her recoreir. It is the doctor'a opinion that ahe will pass 
away in this etat« of mental lethargy. And my poor old master hss 
Derer lifted up his head nnce." 



THE TWO FRONTIERSMEN; OR, LTUCH LAW. 

.BT CHAKLK8 HOOTOR. 

Six yeaia have dow passed since two young and enterprisiiig Citizens 
of one of the Southern American States, left their homes together, ioe 
tlie purpose of eettling in the then newly decUred repuUic of Texas. 
Tbeir names, respectively, «ere Rivers and Savidge. Tb^ were 
born neighbours — they had been friends trom childhood— not one 
Bolitary diaagreement had ever occurred betneen them up to that time; 
and now were tliej banded together for the purpose of cair^ring out b 
spekulative enterprise, in a new land, of the higheat worldly importaooe 
to each. They purchased lands od the banks of the beaiitiful Guadaloupe 
^-eacb paying an equal ebareof all expenses; builtalog-hoDsethereon, 
cultivated their wild domain, and dwelt ti^tiier in all refipects aa 
brotbera. The onlj ogreement made betwecn them was, that if, at 
any future period, either should desire to separate froro the other, and 
go elsewhere, he should either aeeept snch a reasonable snm for his 
half of the location as might be oSered by the remainiag party, or give 
as mach himself for liis companion's share. 

The buming suns of ttiree seasons had scarcely travelled over their 
heads, bcfore a flourishing homestead and a fertile plantation rewarded 
their industry; and by the contrast they afforded to the wild vast 
tracts around, seemed to mark with a degrec of emphasia not to be 
inistaken, the beautiful triumphs of man over natare, and to poict 
with unerring finger to the delights which, in a land of liberty, wbere 
man toils for himscif and not for others, well-directed industiy and 
perseverance, aided by a small capital, are capable of placing within 
the reacb of those wlio properly exercise them. 

Assuredly there was one dark feature amidst all thia natural brigfat- 
ness. Slaveiy was there. Ten coloured people called up ihe pro- 
dnctions of that soil. For though slavery is virtually repudiated by 
the lawB of the country, practically it is as common as in the native 
State which our friends had left behind. With them, however, 
slavery was little other than a name. The chains were metaphorical ; 
tfae lash a merc pedogogue'a cane, and as seldom used; thelabour 
lighter than that wbich is bome by milliona in the very land whose 
aenaitive blood tums cltill, and whose face grows pale with Ire, only at 
Üie name of slave. The life of these c^onred people was one of 
absolute liberty and independence, when put in Opposition to that 
dreary mass of miscry, called life, which is passed by tliousands in our 
own coal-pits; and which con scorccly be cxceeded in horror by the 
existences of the baniahcd in the mines of Siberia. Happily or un- 
happily, bowever — whichever the reader pleases — the üÜiglish aro a 
iong'tighted people. Their telescopic cyes can reach across an ocean, 
and pick out every detail of wretcbedneas that the oppoaite land may 
present, white the same organs, or instrnments, applied to objects 
within arm's length, very natuntlly fail to define a Single limb of the 
esme monster that ia worthy of being crippied by a national exertion. 
As a nation we preacb long and lou^y against slavery under tlie open 
beavens — slavery beneath the bright material eye of the univerfle— 

VOU VL L 



THI TWO rBONTIBBBBIEN; OB, I.'SKCB LAW. 143 

" I Bhall nevw gire her up ezoept on her own refusal," rejoined 
Biven, somewhat Hternly. 

" Not I, eöther!" gaid tbe other, in « simtUr tone. And tlien for ft 
white the two friendfl sat mute, slicing meloiu and sippisg wine, by 
war of proving to each other that they were not exactly antomatons. 
BATidge was tbe flrst to renew the diBcourae. 
" What foola we both arel" he exdaimed. 
" Do you think so?" csreleailj obaerved Rivers. 
" I do — I'd swear it. Here we sit, a oouple of friends like Um 
Toaag tiMfl mn up tOgether-^Mrer had a difficulty before in all our 
Uvea, and dow at dx or seven and twen^, we are to qilit abont a 
woman!" 

" A woman," answered Rivers, " may be to a man a more tmportant 
consideration than any other in the world; more vital to him tban the 
Tery means of bis existence, so at lea«t / think, and therefore a woman 
ia no triäing source of difference. For myself, I woold gire a thousand 
dotlart that the diAeulty were abont aniftking ebc bat that!" 

" Ii it not worse than uaeless," continned Savidge, " to stand in one 
another'B way? What aball we come to think of each other? What 
is it all likely to end in?" 

" TTiat's beyond my calcnlation," coolly rejoined Birers. 
** But not beyond mine," added the otber; '■ I have aeen — you bare 
aeen— ^nany a man before now bas aetat, blood as good as bis own 
8[nlled OB the ground like water, for a difierence ninety-nine cents in a 
doUar leaa in Um beginning than is thia now between us. I do not fear 
what u at the preaent time, bat what may be in the fnture. Let u» 
stop in time — kt the difficulty be settled now and for ever." 
" How?" demanded Birers. " Who can setile it?" 
" You and I." 
" In what maaner?" 
" Will yon agree to my proposition?" 
" Name it; bot no lead — no knifel" 

■* Bather Äan tbA, Bivers, I will at once give up to you &ankly— 
thoogh you are the youi^^ of the tno— and ma^e a willing aacnfice 
of my love, such as it is, belbre the God of that everlasting friendchip 
which — may no Uoo^ finger ever divide!" 

"No!" ezclaimed Birers, " you ahall not do iL I wont accept the 
ofier, if you make it. What I cannot gire I shall not accept." 

** Then my pmpontion is simply this: — That now, before we qnit 
this table, the difference between us eholl be finally settled by tkb 
DICK. Eadi haring pledged bis booonr previonaly that, in tbe erent 
of bis proring the loser, he shall resign alt pretennionB to the band of 
laabel for erer, and so leave the otber iree, umlesb — mark this — wnieu 
^ ikaU hen^f afierwardi jtotitKthf Ttjecl kirn : in which caM, upon 
hü own admission of the bct, the other sliall be again liberated from 
thii agT««mcnt." 

"Very well; — donel" aaswered Birera. TU agree, anjhow yoa 
can fix it." 

The dice-box was placed apon the taUe. 

" Tlu^e throwB each, double dies, aad the highest number ta tfi» 
wioner," caid Saridge. 

"Agreedr answered bis componion; "but before we proceed b> 
bunnesB, Jen let us also agree to make a complete wwk of it. If X 
LS 







W ^^^yj'tmg >t * ineKM) as tnongti it um 



,res fixed npon the spot vhere the 
'it Dever be withdnwn again. 
/otefelL 
And aa Riven litenBy shrieted 
and burled the dice-box wildlj 



minntes' doraticMi foUowed, 

^ ^1^ 6 Btatoes, ndther even so mnch as 
'd^^^ Tt mig^t seem as thongh both were 
: ^^ ,-lfsaine question — " Are we may 

'4' MI Mr-^- O^fUU f> A re before? fxe than we should bave 

-1 #-=#§'-" Jm 3 5 

t IaM| S^^. s^i^ uicil^) ose to reconunence the play, and 
le ^W.« «» .esifc# T'aat' ot the two Ehoold become entire 

<j|| nffBr:ii;^|t VI '^ ^ preaent?" mildly SDggested 

> _-.==. ^^, j snppoee yon are satisfied 

j OD are. No, no, my &iend; fair 
f^^nnj^^ifd Country." 
I S V JM^ '''WM' 'v9 '^Jl "* of chanM — I ouinot teil which 

I WE jPJFTfc'^^Bfc'^ iffM' ^'^iy'- '*'' conntenance bnghtened np; 

'**• ilfy uiMÄ.^ iK Bot, I aaj, Rivers what if she 

,# V '^i'W C|^A."<»i Itave nothing lefl? Mj tum 

'■" ^"^ ** -*" — ^^* to agreement; and theo, my boy, 

'^y 83 wen as ibe location, and live 



H 



♦-•- 



THE TWO TBOHTIBBBIIBK; ob, I.TKCH LAW. 145 

The mttantl jealonsy of the ytvag lover made him redden de^lj 
OD heving tbe«e speculative suggestioDS, although he replied irith b 
fbrced RBStunptioii of confideoce, in which he did not really feel euffi- 
dent]^ wunnted. 

" I hxTe too much foith in wonum to believe tbat for a moment 
poBBiUe." 

" Faith can believe in miracles," resptHided Savidge ; " bot it often 
geta pretty conaiderably deceived." 

Here the coDTeraation ended. 

But it is perhaps time we ascertained vho vas 

conccrning wbom tbeae eTents had taken place. 

Seine two or three miks lower down the Biver Guadaloupe, and apcm 
tbe eppoeile aide of the riTer, slood a hoose of considerable size, formerly 
the rendence of Nicholas lÄmar, — a deaoendant of one of the ancient 
Spaniah families who rattled in the Uezican territotT' before that 
country's independence of Old Spain was achieved. But at the time 
ctf which this story treata, Lamar had been several j&m dead; and, 
aave in the hearts of his widow and her danghter Isabella, " the bean- 
tiful creole," as ahe was commonlj termed, notbing remained to maric 
tbat he bad erer been, except a rode tomb of wood erected in bis own 
garden, where, according to the cnstom of the frontier settlera, faJa 
bod}' had been buried. Numerous China trees, the moumfal bougha 
of vbich hang down like those of onr weeping viUows, were planted 
around that sacr«d thougb unconsecrated spot; and neor the bead of 
the tomb stood a rnstic se«t composed of crooked roots and branches, 
npon which the widow and daughter of the bnried husband and father 
apent manjr of the anltrr idle bonra of noon, though more of those 
nient holj ones which bid the daj's adiea to the depsrting sun, or 
tccompiin; in her ni^tlj cootm of gloiy tliat magnificent mooa wbooe 
face in such a climate seldom weara even the alightest tcU of cloud. 

This aolitarj Q>ot was conunonly known under the name of " The 
Terry" Lamar baring, during his lifetime, established and maintained 
there a boat of pasaage for the convenience of such travellen as had 
occaüon to crow the river. Indeed, it was during a joumej into tbe 
weetem pndries b^^ether, that our two friendi had called at tbe Fen;, 
wen tbe bandaome Spanish creok, and conceiTed an affection ftur her 
•t tbe same time. 

Front the nie of the term " creole," it mnst not be sappoaed tbat 
laabella was of mixed blood. The word is tru); and properlj applied 
onlj to the descendants of foreignen bom in the countiy. 

After this flrat interview, neitber Bivers nor Savidge were ver; 
nnireqnent viaitora at tbe Feny. £itherbunnesBorsoiaethingels&— 
Chance, perhaps— led one or the other much more frequently acroes tbe 
Guadaloupe than heretofore ; and, singular enougb, those occasions 
•Iwajrs happened to eachwhen alone. Madame Lamar earlj suspected 
tbe motire of these Tisite, although up to tbe vcrj daj on wbicb the 
Strange scene between the fiiends above described took place, not a 
aenteace which could bare been construed into an open expreesion of 
attachment to her daugbter had ever been utlered bjr eitber. But 
love soon knows its own without a name; and pretty uabella feit far 
wiaer in tbe matter tbao her mother. To her it seemed that üto 



THB TWO nONTIBBnCSir; OB, LTKCH LAW. 147 

**! migkt kme dorne," replied Sivera, " bad I not nüMed theyfe« 
flhot.'' 

** It wiH lia{^>«i 00 somedBes," ^wnlated the otber, aa tbough half 
omt o£ bnath, and at tfae nme moment tormag white aa asb«a. Biven 
Timi*^ tfaii, bot niade no ftirther oboervadon. 

Tbat äaj he spent at the Feny. On tbe w^ thitber, he tnäf 
Ttadtwad no longer to keep Inbella in ini<RWMe (aa he had hitherto 
done) at the ev<Dnts which had led to Hr. Savidge'a etmtinued and 
tmtuiul abaenoe, to bia oirn mora freqnent vitits, snd of the impent- 
Hn 6Mf now, as he bdiered preani^ upon bim, to demand her final 
decisioD with reqtect to bimedf. But wboi be arrived, be fonnd the 
7001^ kdj 90 Ught-hearted, ao liMppj, ao nnnupieiooa oi aaj poaäUe 
Coming anxie^— «och a liTing J07, aa it were, within herself, that he 
oouU not do otbenriie than procnatinate from honr to honr, until be 
Teril7 began to fed dn poeälMlity of retnming withont having 
acbieved the moat important part of faia errand. 

Erening came at length, and the tale waa yet nntold. Tbe two 
lorera wdked oat into the garden, and when the flowera and fraita 
and leana conld be no knger aeen, aat down upon the niatic aeat b^ 
neath the China treea. 

" Inhal r aaid Birera mournfull;, " I bare sometbiag aerions to 
my to Ton befbre we part to-nighL" 

" Do ao then, Bir,'* re^ed ahe; " and rementber that we are upon 
fulain« ground." 

Her geotle band was extended towarda the mde toaib of her ftther, 
whidt atood like a tangible maaa of darkness bedde them. 

" I muet Ter; sooa qoit thia eonntiy. I am going ba«^ to »7 
MÜTe pfatce," oontinued he. 

" Isdeed, nr! Thia inust be a new thonght, as you have nerer 
mcntimed it before." 

" Not Terj, laahd; bnt I have striven to make and keep yon happj 
tmtil it ia no longer poanhle; the tnith mnat come ai laaL" 

" Do not r^ard me," anawered ibe, hesitatingly. ** I hare been 
too b^q>7 of liüe, oonsdering that my mother is alöne, and mj father 
bnrfed. It ia fttting that we ihoold be wakened from onr dreania 

BiTera could eaailj teil, from the faihng v<rice and the downcait 
featorea, that bj thoee few words he had called into life the wwm of 
UttentMB and aorrow at a heart which only, one ahort honr ago, looked 
upon the world aa a place of peace, and linked the dajs of Ufe into one 
brigiit ehdn of h^pineta, wboae tennination waa only in the adamant 
of äe tomb. 

** I behere," he continned, " I have loved yon as a man onght to 
love — honestlj, openlj, and with a senae of bcmour unacathed t^ tbe 
reBBOteat thonght of eviL" 

Poor Isabel burat into a llood of tears. 

** That conrse will be mine to the end— 70a sfaall be deedved ia 
notUng." 

And here Hr. Divers brieflj rehued to the jonng lady bow he and 
bis fiiend had disposed— 4>ot of her, bnt of each otber — at a gm» vt 
bazard ^ bow he had played away bis half of the eatat«^ and left 
himadf comparativdr poor^-and also the grounds of his eospidou 
that the growing jouou^ of Hr. Savidge waa dailj rendoing hia lifi» 



THE TWO raOHTIEBSHEK ; lO, LYNCH LAW. 149 

ooly cut through the fleshj portion of the left arm. "Wlien he hod 
related die result of liis ont-door adventure — 

" What a pity it ig," reuurked Isabel, " that a man slionid have 
lo6t hia life for such aa thia. Bnt who do you think it waS) Mr. 
filren?" 

" It was impooaible for me, at tbAt dietance, and io the night-tinte, 
to distinguish one mau &om another; but I aappose it was np friaid, 
Mr. Savidge." 

"Indeed; I hope not; for if it were, we ahall have 'Ute Rtgtiktton' 
hxxt, and lou will be the nezt, to a oertainty." 

" I have no fear," replied be; " mj own canao ia my jaMification.'' 

Ifo wedding was talked npon or dreamed abont that night; and, 
linder all the circumstances of the case, both Madame Lomar and her 
daughter joined ia soliciting Mr. RiverB to remaia under their roof 
undl fiirther infbrmation coutd be obtained. But fae determinedlf re> 
fused their kindnesa, on the plea that if it did so happen that Mr. 
Savidge lay nt the bottom of the stream, bis own presence upon the 
{dantatioD was indiqtensalde. Äccordingly, he re<TOBsed the water, 
ander the guidance of Juan, tbe boatman, and mounting bis horser 
«itfa the rifle laid acmsa bis aaddle, rode off at a speed which brought 
him home witbin a quarter of an bour. 

On entering the hoose, a thrill of gratification passed orer him^ 
the like of wbich he bad long since ceased lo feel, save when bis erea 
bebeld anew the form of Isabel — when he saw Mr. Savidge aittiDg 
qmetlj bj the side of a pleaaant fire of loga, and half enveloped ia 
Curling doada of undisturbed amoke from that pipe which the poetical 
Indian of the wild has long since dedicated to die beautüul Spirit of 
Feace. 

Next moming, bowerer, Rivers discovered that one of the alavea 
was missing from the establiahment. He mentioned the drcmnstance 
to Savidge, who accounted for it by remarking, wlth an alr of the 
moat perfect indifference, that he had sent him ont fishing on the pre- 
vions d^, and from tbe fact of bis not having retumed, he supposed 
he mtut have npset his conoe and got drowned. 

" Pohapa he miaanderstood 7011, and went to the wiong River»" 
wa« the reply. 

Savidge «^ured deeply, bot sud notbing. 

XfKttllali. 

Time passed on; matters were finally arranged between Miss Lamar, 
her mother, and Mr. Rivers; and the very day on which the handsome 
creole and her lover were to sot out for the neareat dty to be married, 
was named. Arrangements had been effected for the young couple 
to occupy the ferry location; it wantcd a master, and Madame looked 
foTwards to but few yeara between then and the time when ahe ahould 
b« lud beside her husbond. In consequence of all this, Mr. Bivera 
had of couree abondoned bis original Intention of leaving tbe country, 
tnd instead, had purcbased addilional landa, to the extent of nearly & 
thonsand acrcs, adjoining those okeady owned by the mother of his 
intended bride. 

In the meantime, however, Mr. Savidge Ict alip no opportnnity of 
giring his old friend such offencc and provocotion, va was caiculated t» 



TUE Two ntomiuniBii; ob, vtjxcb law. Ifil 

-.:.iii tha moM galluit of omtlien. Bnt ihe was mOTS (^md> 

•-uti, luure Uild (if jou will bave it so)j— ehe wia lach a woiaui u 
' iii:iki'sin aU puritjr, and whom the pettj artifices and idle forma 
' "nm«!!.'!! Rocieties never raach to nnmake or mar. 

'iluii ^-iioh a creature should deeply foel tfae injoiy done to the one 

I <>< <I beRt OD earth, — the oiily one indeed wbom, in thu senae, 

•IUI •.vir loveil, can readily be oonceived. That abe btd, also, qürit 

ttuii -1< irrminMion to reaent it, qo one will feel surpriaed. Her feeÜngs 

' ivounded bitterljr by theae rep«ated atrocitiea of Mr. Savidge'a; 

and liittcrlj, though jnstlj, did ahe make him sofler for it. 

^T^. Rivera had scarcelj ao £ar recoTuvd as to be conädered weB ont 
.' <lnn;_rer, when Isabel proiH»ed to her mother to take a joomejr of a 
' IV dnya' duratioo, for Uie double porpose of viaiting their nei^bonn 
nd aciiuaiutance, uid relieving the aoziety and wearinesa of her ovn 
"lind. No material olgection was raiaed on the pait of that wortby 
lady; and acconUngly ahe set ont, accompanied by the female abiTe, 
irhoae duty it waa to attend her, and Jua«, the ^anish boatman, aa 
at oncc a gaard and gnide. Isabel was mousted on a beautiful r^ 
dainitd wild hone (or mnstaog) of the deser^ ftncifbl^ deeented 
witli coloured trappinga and monntinga of gold, while the httnj 
Spanish bit, and the shoe that hnng at tfae aaddle, were, acoOTdii^ to 
tiic prevailing taate of the Mexicana, of solid silver. Juan adome^ 
liinuelf witb all the finery he coald conunand, added an ea^'a feather 
to bis high conical bat, Inigbtened up his bnttona, and with a glit- 
tcring rille in one band, and a whip, the lash of which was at leaat 
two yarda long, in the other, bcatrode hia mnle with all the grace and 
eaae of a Camanche chief, and capered and cracked np and down the 
prairie aiound his yovng mistress with the serioue yet bojösh glee of a 
newlr made knight-^rrant; whik, to oooqdete the party, Alaigaret^ 
the slsTe, derated upon th« back of a aeoräid mnle, flauntad in tlM 
gaudiest of ocdonred dresaea, and displayed upon her head a brilliantl j 
Btriped scarf^ tied np like a turban, bnt with the enda Streaming front 
befatnd some ten or flfteeo incbes in the air. 

On the aftemoon of the ttürd day, Miss Isabel retnmed honte with 
a ctmnderaUe addition to her train of attendaata, connsting of five 
armed and mounted geatlttnea wearing maaka. To aee them was at 
onoe to know their errand, withont question or inquiij — thc^ were 
the embodiment of the law, such aa it ia in theK parts— they were 
" The EegulatorsI " Isabel had made known her story at erery plan- 
tation whoe ahe had visited, and aronsed theee wild ministen of jna* 
tice to poniah the nnlucky Hr. Savidge. They were all either re- 
noctaUe plantera, or the aons of such, from the sairoundinc countiy. 
Mo man removed his mask dnrit^ the evening; but druiä, played; 
aod chatted agreeaUy with the inmates of the Ferry, onreeognised 
nntil the time for retiring to resL 

An hour before daybreak, the Are stnngera were again stiiring. 
XietTing their horses bdiind, they CRMaed the ferry, ri£e in haodj and 
befoce the oold light of moming ahewed itaelf in Äe eaatem aky, had 
taken poaaesnon of one of Kr. Savidge's stables. 

A negro boy, wboae eariy dnty it was to fetch ont the cattle at aun* . 
riae, was the flrat person who diacovered them. Ile cried ont, for tlte 
pnrpoK of giving an alarm, the inatant he opened the ataUe-door. 
Tbe Sharp cntck or a rifle was heard, and a eorpee lay npcn the thieaboU 




Uli 







it tumseu, retumea lo tue victim 
*d companions, and then presented 

f h* ^^ ' tlie followiDg remarks — 

^jR. -'i Alfr'irds* Start You m&j then nin for 
OD SS yoa please. If you attempt 
in into jour bodj. Now, take äxtj 
Ol ßre and foUow yon." 
to obey. He slowly counted äxtj, 
meffectually, threw it to the ground, 
^^jf red his feet, and ran forwards with 
SeHaBron «tif Id to a bj no meons inactive bodf. 
nüjPWiud^A., one oalj wouading bim on the 
[w'fll'.^^^S^nfficiently to offer any impediment 
Eir' ' H ^m fli jse human hounda beÜnd him; and 
accession, he feit that every aucceed- 
of the act of djing — a painful delay 
from vhich was next to impossible. 
d, the victim of Lynch law made off 
Mj^ül^ ofi^^.y ground that lay between hia onn 
r,%Älia»];«lt iStinctively seekiog that same covert 
t.tad and harassed beast of the field ; 
In protected him; and being thickly 
ihougb dangerous plant, the piickty 
Hth millions of vcnomous points as 
il' bees, bis feet were wounded beyond 
Giiadaloupe not far before him, at a 



■ 



THE TWO rRONnEBSMEN ; OB, LYNCB I^W. 153 

V niore last desperat« bonada, he leaped headlong from the high bank 
f the litream, and, for thc epace of a minute or two, was buried be- 
•■"Mh tlic sbining waten. ^Vhen bis head agaln tq)peared upon tbe 
oiirtBoc, the rcgulators were ataodiog upon the heights above, anxioiulj 
irntihing for bis wbereabodt. Qaick as the momentaiy Bight, flve 
tmlle iverc despatched U> the mark; and with that volley cloBcd the 
lit'u of a man whom passion had made mad, and dishononr a premedi- 
ttticil marderer. 

The five masked men — at once judges, jarymen, and executionera— 
relurned to the Feny \tj the hour of breakfast. Wben that meal was 
uvi?r, one of the disguised party thuB addressed Mr. Rivers: — 

" Robert Rivers, the sentence of death, pasaed bj his Honour Jndge 
Tjj-nch upon the body of Jamea Savidge, haa been duly executed. Ho 
<lied tbis moming, no doubt füll of repentance for his crimes, and 
(lecply sensible of the justice of that verdict of bis countirmeD, under 
which he sufiered. If bis bodj should chauce to be found in the 
rtvcr, give it decent barial; for, although the law be severe, it decreea, 
that all animosities shall die upon the edge of the grave, and tbe weedg 
uf liatred shall be plucked ap and buried beneath the aame aod with 
him wbo nurtured them. All his offences are now eipiated, and 
from tbis time you will recollect nothing of Mr. Saridge but that be 
once was your inend. 

" The court bave aldo coQsuIted respectjng the disposal of the pro- 
perty lately belonging to him. Under aU the circumstancea of the 
case, bis honour the judge dccrees, that the whole thcreof shall be re- 
stored to you, without let or hindrancc, Charge or coat of any kind; 
and the aame is hereby put into your poEsession, by a right and title 
conferred and confirmed to you and your heira for ever, by and from 
Judge Lynch, whose dcciaion is final and irrevocable, and shall not be 
called in question by any man or body of men, aave at bis or their 
most extreme and utter peril. So help ua God in keeping the peace 
henceforth as now, and defending the rights of our neighbour." 

Tliey then ewore hJm, upon a Spanisb Bible, never to bctray, or 
raiae bis band against the Regulator», bat to support and protect that 
body ao long aa the ezigencies of the country required their Services, 
and until Icgitimate laws could be, by legal processes, carricd into exe- 
cution, and justice secured. After tbis, caeh of tho party, separalely, 
wished the young couple every bappiness that life could afford, and 
mounting their horses, rode off in different directions across the 

Döring the courac of the moming, Kfr. Rivera ordered tbe Gnada- 
loupe to be searched for tho body of his fricnd, but aa it could never 
be found, he came to the probable condusion that it had fallen a prey 
to tbe olligators. 

Snbsequently, ho took füll poaseaüon of thc otd location; and upoQ 
his perfect recovery, the beautiful creote became his bride. Beüdea 
othcr friends invited on the occasion, tbere were present, at the mar- 
riige fcaat, five gendemen, with their wivea and sisters, who appeared 
to enjoy the feativitiea with more thnn ordinary delight. Thc töaet of 
" Honour and Justice! " was propoaed by one of them, aad drunk in 
« bumper; bot not a siogle word escaped any tongue oa the Bubject 
of Lynch Law. 



IIS of mtIt Chri*- 
MallMC— Ferodty 



atre of roc^ fron 

-IS isto life, 18 a gßp 

■ ■ vale of Antioch iata 

:is throngtt this kx^ 

-lowly tradüng my w^ 

kI leai occupied witli the 

.nouuded ne, thun flll^<i^ 

' >T, and loxaiy whicli lud 

- s])ot I lud jnM paaaed br, 

.Kä to tellof paattiinea. It 

. i> liich, however incoavenient, 

IS. GUd WM I tben, vhen 

'Ute, hUly, md wooded Goiiiiti7, 

..t<;ä9 to one vho finds snliiject for 
. uQd erety liviBg thing met with 
-:i)', th« broken, hilly districts of 
lirig to a natniialut, were nither 
view, and ■ notion of tho exoeeding 
MTcnerj, will be eufflcieiitlj obtained 
i"d conGcming Caaiiu aod its slopet, 

■\--; TÜlage of Ktäkh Gui, whero I wai 

^|>I)- ent«rtaiiMd, by the Sheikh, withoot 

riiiioD. Afl«r a repaat, instead of aTailii^ 

. a sitista, which was afiimied in amoat polite 

. tlic natives retiring from the room, I pro- 

"vcning, and ita abüt twilight, forced ua to 

ii|> a narrow pathway, carried like a anake 

... aad at the ■ummit of wbicb was a goodly 

.-mit cntertainmeDt, rendered not th« leü 

■•■■iLerooaly proffered. 

iiirnnd eastward np the ralley of the Xabr el 

livcr," and fording it at a diatance of abont ten 

' "1 I.üdhikiyeh, we advanced into the oountryof 

A ii>iiriaDs, at one of wfaose vülages we stopped for 

'Viiing wb<nnlhave already writt«n. Tbejoumey 

' liiliydistricta of the Jebel-el-Akrud.whicheoanect 

Aii^iirian hilla on the one üde, with Anti Caaina OB 

' i^t ihcse hills, the Nähr el Kebir forces iU way 

' . wliich ia about thiity yards in depth, and acarcely 

iili. A legend, too absurd lo be worthy relating, is 

.■: natives with this natural phentmieaon. 



EZCDBfllOKB AKD PASSINO OCCnRBENCES. 157 

in lonelj and widowed pride, and to Seleucia, with her kinglf 
tomos. 

It is easy to tmderstftnd whj thia Valley , faroured by natnre, being 
so long a Und of contention, and alwajB the graat mUitary road be- 
tween Northem and äouthem Syria, has undergooe many changes, 
and often witnossed tbe proaperity of yeara overwhelmed by tbe de- 
vasUtions of a day. Not a city but bas seen a combat before ita walls; 
not a lake but luis had its limpid waters stained with blood. 

Hcuce it was, also, tbat, with a few excaptiona, the early ChristianB 
did not abide within thia Valley, prefeiring the rocky wastes on the 
eaatern aide of Mount Belna. Uere abnndaot springe of pure water 
flow from the foot of the hüls; od the other aide, the rain of heavea 
was wi(h difficulty preserved in tanka, hewn at vaat expenae of labour 
out of the solid rock. Here every inch of ground ia ready to produce 
at the bidding of industry; on the other aide, there ia sothing but a 
coDtinuous pavement of atoae, like a province mailed out on a marble 
alab; but in auch a region, the irequent invaslone, and the perpetual 
peraecutions so rife in tbe " Hollow-way," were, to a certün extenl, 
SToided. 

I was glad, when on resching the anull atream of Hawnsh, with its 
DeigLbouring village of same name, the muleteer propoeed to reet 
there for the night, for my quotidiän attack of ague was just Coming 
«n; and having made a usual bed of carpet and saddle bags on the 
greensward, tbe reat of the evening was taken up by involontaiy and 
ridicnloua abakings and cramps, followed by still more unwelcome 
heats and a leaden and deatli-Uke feeling, which crept over the frame, 
and was accompanied by stränge wonderings of the Imagination, in 
which I was often indined to think of myself aa of two penons, one 
of whom was aick, while the other was quit« well, and fixtreinely 
indignant at the proceedings of the insane portion of my humanity. 

A ahort Tide from Hawash, the next moming, past the lake Aio 
Taka, celebrated for its black fish {macropUronoHit nigtr), so much 
prized by the RMnana aa an ariatological luxury, brought ua to where 
tbe volley of a small rimlet, apparently ooiresponding to the andent 
Marsyas, opened into Mount Belus to the eastward, and was in part 
obstructad at ita entrance by a conical hill abont four hundred feet in 
eleration, on which was a modern mud-walled, hut-encumbered, and 
rainous-looking cattle, called that " of the defile" (Kal'at el Mudik), 
■nd which probahly formerly bore the Aciopolis of the Macedonian 
Apamea, and whenoe it was sometimes also rälled Cheraonesus. 

There was a caravanserai, and a mosque with minaret attached to 
it in the Valley; but not caring to stop there, we wonnd alowly up the 
tortuoua pathway which led to the castellaled dwelling-houaea above, 
and entered the sombre-looking portals, «ithout aceing any available 
gatea or aay gnard to question admissioa. The sbeikh of the caatle 
received me hoapitably, but could afford little local or traditionary 
infcHTnation. 

At Apamea, as elsewbere in the East, it ia with the paat rather 
than the present that we have to do. At eveir atep the travdler 
takes, the naturally more ezciting interest he feela in the phasea of a 
living humanity and the communion of fellow-creaturea, is stayed by 
the aad dulneaa of a proetrate intellect, or warded olT by the auspicious 
credulity of a savage wisdom, and which the pride of ignoranco, and 

TOU VL M 



KXCDBUOira AND PAaSTNO OCCTTBBBKCBS. 159 

of wbom there wen two — ooe, the wif« of SdencnB Niestor, the other 
ths wife of Magu; but Bochart (Phale^, p. 94) deriTei the name front 
« SjrUn Word, ngnifying tlie oonflnence of waters. Certain it ü, 
Aat tba Sbepbam of Scriptures, at whicji, in the time of the Hace- 
donian inTanon, a groat mmaj Grteka stopped, was Sret calkd bj 
them Pella, ail«r tbe native citj of Philip; and Bochart's opioion 
denTes a rema^able confirmation from the f&ct, that the Apamea of 
Bfeaeoe was at tbe oonflnence of the Euphrates and TigriS) Apamea of 
Sitaatm at that of the Boral River and tbe Tigris, and Apamea 
Cibotoa at the confluence of tbe Mannas and the Meander, and it 
■ppeara almoet bejond a doubt, that it was from this circunutonce of 
the jonction here of the rivulet of Apamene with the Orontes, tbat the 
httter beoame recognised hf dassical geograpbers as tbe Marayas of 
CiBio-SfriB, and afterwards gare its aome lo a district. Theae aimple 
&etB admitted, they would explain awaj many difficultiee which 
preauit tfaenuelTes in reading Strabo (hb. xri., p. 519), Flinj (lib. t., 
eap. 23X and CeUarina (p. 420). 

Tbo peculiarity in the positioning of Apamea is best feit on coming 
frtmt the sooth. Tbence it is perceived as a stronghoM, placed in a 
defile advantageoue for purposes of reeiatance, and at the latne tims 
CMnmanding anj further progress, whether bj the vale of Ctslo-STii^ 
er thnMgh ChiJcideae and b; the Campus Marsyaa into the interior 
Wkd central northem districts. It was on this acconnt that in the 
nbellioa of Ctecilius Baseus, the relief of its si^e bj Cassius, dedded 
tbe tcmiination of the war. 

Fma thia point I advanced npon the bordera of the great Syriaa 
piain or desert, in the centre of nhich stood Tadmor, and on its Ünüta 
Clndde, or " tbe white cit^." We alt form to ounelTes more or lese 
acearata ideas of tbe great wildemeases of the earth'a aurface, as ««- 
Tejed to IM by repeated deacrlpdons; but auch conceptiona da not 
tikfl away, but rather add, to the zest for contemplating tbe realitj; 
and it was not without deep emotion that Tay ejea now wandered orer 
die wide and boaadless expanse of barren unduladng territoij before 
me. The reaults of mj flrst impressions can, howerer, be rednced to 
a tvw worda— an arid and sun-bumt waste of chalky and sandy Mnl, 
vitbont water, with little or no vegetatioi), but more unequal than 
1 antieipated, and without the slightest sand-drift. 

W« üiet OB onr ride aome of the paabä'a irregulär caralrr, who, to 
tbe great amtuement of my mnleteer, greeted the infldel with eundry 
jeats and jokesi the point of which were loat npon bim, for want ö£ 
ftmiUaritj with tiie langiiage. The shadea of eTening overtook us oa 
Aa eonftiMi of tbe desert, and we were obliged to aeek refuge at t 
■eigfabouring tel or eminence, caUed Zonu, where, in the dailcness, I 
■pimd my carpet, aa I fovnd out the next moming, at the month of a 
«bA and damp cave, (rom whieh myriads of musquitoes iaaued fortb 
to attadi me with such eamestnese, that I waa glad to beat a retree^ 
and aeek repoae an a higher and more exposed part of the hill. 

Abont noon next daj, we broke onr fast at Mar'ah, a village with a 
fcw böte aod guard-booae, on the cantvan ronte from Aleppo to Da- 
xaascus. This spot appeors to correspond to the Slacra of Strabo, on 
the border of Chalddene, or Chalcidice, and c^ the plain of the Mar- 
in^; tot the water ahed here atill flowa to the rivulet of ApomcL 
Xbia tetritorj corret^nda to the Zobah of Scriptnres, whoee king wae 
h2 



^»e'^< 



¥<^^«.y^..fr^.i5t..f .-^S«»?. «V 



•• m 




11 






^ ■nieas and comparative pertecbon, 
- - ■ of coastruction, in which respect 

:i buildingB in the Barne coantry. 

^re grouped in what might be de- 
s, sitoate about half a mile from 

ön of the buUdings consieted of 
Btones, in largo squaies, and of 
IweUing-houses were eo extensive 

öged to commanitieB, and consti- 

Christians. Anüd these edificea 

Unildings, with aialea and double 

closed with masoniy bebind, and 

pihuterB on the sides, and win- 

w^uöinted roofs of large elabs of etone, 

: Vr^K, Sunented nith vindows. 

and solid, and jet light and har- 

Jaronce of the architrave, which 
I' antique style, was removed by 
*nieet the pressure of the auper- 
"iters also remove the diseonauce 

:^K)rt8 on which it exista, so alao 

' iipward motion of the ccdumna, 
place of the architrave in a more 

^f, being rused up and enf^Kirted 

'in luiy way out of proportion to 

iid afterwarda to be characteiiBtic 



BZCCB8IOK6 AKO PABSDJO OCCDHBENCBB. 161 

of Mount Sunt Simon, ta well as in tlie present <mce popntous locolitj. 
It appcan to be a yery mixed order of architectm«'— Boman with the 
general simplieitj and cboracter of the Grecian-Doric. The Windows 
haTe ■ TuBcan character, and the capitab of the cotunms appear to be 
o(9»edfroin thoaeof the templeof Apamea; but tfae wbole is less exaot 
in i(a proportiona ttuui anjr other order of buildings — the colunms aie 
^vestöd of Batea, and the entablature ia not well brougbt ont, and ia 
Toid of all omamenta. In the inferior of the chnrohes the altars wcto 
not raiaed, but were level with the floor, and were not placed in a 
sanctDaiy, u in the Greek and Chaldean churches. 

Hemarkable aod interesting aubjecta of contemplation preaented 
themselves in «xploring these tenaDtless dties, to conrider how a land 
long reckoned as a desert and blank in moet modern maps, was in 
nality corered with that multituda of cities and towns which the hio- 
totieal Scripinres have defined to it, and which from Uck of knowledge 
luiTfl been deoied to it bj man^, but which ereiy dttj^s additional 
Bxtrainition serves to disdose to an unantidpated and undreamed-of 
extenL 

Xhere is another sutiiiect of consideration eren still more remarkable, 
tbat, like the citiea of Israel and of Judea, the homee of the ea^ 
ChrUtiaQS ihottld be also thus foraaken and deserted, eveu wlien not 
rutned ; and that honses, and monaateries, and churches bj hundreds, 
are still standing in peopied districta, jet that " the dties are desolate 
withont inhabitants, and the honses without man." 

A feeling of wonder oaturallj arises, on thinking tbat bonsea, which 
are atill so mnch superior to any exiating dwelUngs, and from whidi 
the lapse of time and the tinge of ^e have not remored the freslmees 
whicli stranffth and ecdidit^ gire to äitat, should be without possesson, 
witbont daimaDta, and without tenanta, or nay one to dwetl witbin 
them, while a poor povertj'-Btrickea and deprened populattMi is har- 
boored in mud hnts dose b;', and wandering faerdamoi annind baTO 
no better sheher tban a tent or a tree. 

Some are content to look npon such ruina as " the broken fragments 
of tfae once numerons ckardiea that have now seen thmr aeed time, 
«Etd bare jielded np thdr barvest to the laat and final daj-," (the Ber. 
Hr. Fonnby's "Visit to the East," p. 36;) but there are otben wbo, 
like Dr. Eeith, (" The Land of Israel, " kc.) reljing on the perpetuitjr 
of the corenantwith Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, stili cheriah confldent 
bopes of the Coming reatoration, both of the land and pecqile; be this 
as it maj-, the moltitnde of sacred edificea — the thonsands vi ecdesiaa- 
tical stnictures of North Sjnia — appear to have been ipared, and to 
have saved towns and cities, while the chnrch, atrictlj speaking, aad 
the dtizena are gone.* 

In front of these buildings were large and deep tanks or ciatema 
tot preserring water, which had stairs to descend into them; and BS in 
tbeae rocky aad dreaiy aitnationB, wbere the buildings stand on » 

* TbcM dittrieta, It maj be obaerrcd. Mm« wilhin flw prmnlacd Und, as da- 
•eribad br tbc Jcvish lawgiTcr (Nmnbcni ehip. 34), tb* noitli border ot wUdi 
eompriied Zcdad, or Zobad (Cbaleidcne), and «eni dowo te the eoait from Sb«p- 
baai (ApamM) to Rlblah (Anlioch), od tbs Mit tide of Ain, " Ibe •priDg," 
(DtpfaDC,) nnlo Ibe ratnocB of Husitb (Bar of Aotiocb). Tbna are idenliflo»- 
tione adnitted in tbe Cbaldem, ind \ry Ricronymna, Jonathao, Bocbaxt, and 



160 



BXCUBSIOKB AN» 



ftt war with Toi, King of I 
South of Kiniarin (Chnlcis) \h- 
riiins of sncient Asdronn, iio»' 
M the foot of the basahic rnti<_'< 
the VaUeyof Salt (2 Sum. viii 
yet anTisited ruins of SLiiain'. 

Eveniiig brought us tu :■ 
near to a Mobamin<^t1iui t<>i 
provisions. Acrowilofii^*;i--- 
around me, und I r'mk'ni i' 
getting tired of tlieir iim 
del&7 aucceeded in ümlinj 
eppetite, apparently ^'l.'ly i 
to pa83 orcr to mc \vli;> ' 
logers were, ho«-evi'r, m ■ 
in a bouee; but for w.u.i ■ 
my carpet on tillcd gn.i... 
in gatbering as nuitiy u. 
boil a cup of cofti'c, iiu. 
amall copper vessil ■ ■ 
and was a great oiiiiiu , 

Passing tlie villi:.' 
arrived early next il; 
wbich, althougli in y. 
remarkable not <jh'. . 
but also for tlidr >■ ' 
tbey differed tol.illx 

TKese stuidv-l" 
Signated ns tw.> s.- 
one another, niiil 
dweHing-houücs i . 
finiehed ma»()iirv. 
that they mii^t' 
tnted tbe niuiin , 
were several (■!;■■ 
colonnade?, au-' 
BUpportiiig ,Lrri. 
^W8 in iVüiil : 

•he gable ciiij- 
Everj-tiLiiii; 
Woniou.s. i . 
*as strai^-hl ■>, 
JIhj roivs 1,1 
»ncumbcrii ■ 
•»etwetii tili 
Jhey rt.„„.^. 

JUBttts |j„, 

reiinol ,11-, ■ 
bypiliiM. ,.' 
the «111,,,,,,. 

in all II,,.' 
particulM-. 



.jvste anyäüng in bü 

't posidoB. and to tie 

< iiut coluitry, thai w; 

.^ ontenanted, but h 2 

. j mdividualiiy or eq»- 

. -:itdy Cfarbnanity, At 
^ nux, most of the IioiuK 
-z joined him at tbe Uian, 

jiu ibe billy tange, to tbe 
. juTTow raTine, in tbe imiy 
.: '11 horses and mnles, bad 
lud mor« in depth, and sne- 
.411» »f the animal's Step. I 
., .-vpudiate Eucb a break-kg 
« niiicb presented itaelf be- 
-.rnied Bccustomed to, and al* 
. ji^^ away at each succeasiTe 

,jii'> in the mountains, called 
-±i day, gaiaing the Valley of 
„..^jeiQ; and afler keeping akng 
u iie wooded and hilly dietricts 
. M night, in a field near to a 
^ Juy (July 16tb) we gained 
u -cniarkable narrow pass whidi 
,. V iMbind the town, and up and 
,^ üre carried in so skilful and 

^„.t in active prc^resB, and Ihat 
. .imo. where he was orgamzing 
%.^<;nsd bad, bowerer bc$;an to 
. tiLiK engt^;ed in the transport. 
j-iwvh averaged 86°, but in tbe 
•.„'■toKi lay at the Pretty Tower, 
V iK ^un; and Eden was bronght 
^ iKj head of the lake, in « low 
V «.Hing ^ailor of tbe name of 
..o, Inboiiring under acute infiam- 
, . -ihTtly afterwarda, while I wm 
... luilf ötoveracnts wai mach is- 
. .-t tho Slcssra, Staunton was at 
., .-s-t; »iid I bad often to ride the 
V .K- IVtty Tower, and the bead 
„j- -iif"*. »nd back again. The 
,-..\l iiu'i and I was, when thus 
4, -V «iiy-eide tiU the olmoxioua 
.U t>'r^ btwwBed in tbe neigli- 

^,p(,,,^ bv moonlight tbe wind- 
'^\ li'.l »iifi I perceived at the 
r x^«-r» t>l" »•'t' steam shipa, bot 



BXCÜBSIONB AND PASSINO OCCDBBBMCEa. 163 

ititout an; one to gaard it, and althongh I gave ■ shoot of recogni- 

•\\, it remained uiuiuwered. Surprised at euch ao imoeual occur- 
"tice, I rode up to the boiler, and, peermg into the interior, qnickly 
4>^ied two Maltese sailora, coiled np like reptiles, and Bomewhwt 
uaiiumed at being thos found neglecdng their watcb. To a rather 
uUai^ queätioniog, aa to the reason of their thna aecreting themaelve^ 
Üit; onlf aoBwer was, " Ob, ür! oh, dr! there has beea such a etrange 
figitre Walking abont on the hiU-aide — a thing all in white, and so 
Tall!" I could not help langhing, aa I rode awa^, at the anperetitions 
<if the Maltese, following thcm whereTer they went; for it was evi- 
dent, althoDgh they ^d not acknowledge it, that it was St. Simon 
himself, whom thej believed had been paying them a noctumal viait. 

These Maltese, with the exception of two or three, wbo became 
DsefuI as Cooks, turned out, generali; speaking, very useless fellowa, 
and they soon got diagnsted with the labours and privationa of the 
traosport, and terrified hy the prevalent aicknesa, and one after anotiwr, 
thejr hurried away to the sc^wrts, from wbence they worked their 
waj home to their patron saints. 

Opportunitieo, however, presented themselrea, amidat theae occupa- 
tiona, of more miautely exploring the district of Caaiotia, and more 
eapecially of canying on researches for fosaik, illnstrative of the 
ootmtry. On one of theae occasiona, Thomson and myself had goae 
out to an abrupt and desolate Valley, a few miles sontb of Antiooh, 
where a naked terrace of rock offered us a great variety of ahelle. 
Busily CDgaged in extricating tfaeae from their matrix, evening orer- 
took HS in our employment, when we were snddenly interrupted bj 
the barking of jack^ close by. Tuming round, our snrprise may be 
imagined, at obserring the v^ey below peopled by a troop of theee 
frolicksome beasts, who were altemating thür contemplations of our- 
selrea with rüde gamb«^ and still more uncouth howls. 

Our flrat concem, having no arme, waa to effect a ssfe retreat, and in 
Order to do this, we laid aside the fosails, and taking np more arailable 
fr^menta of rock, began to pelt the enemy. The wily jadtals were 
not, howaver, to be easilj driren away, for, coiling up their backs like 
angiy cats, they crept behind large fallen maaaea of rock, atill doser to 
US, and yet out of reach of our missiles. We were oUiged, tberefore, 
to moke a dash at them, and Clearing a way, we hurried into a decket 
and man wooded Valley, making with a sbarp pace towards town. 
Vhat waa our horror, however, before we had gaincd half a mile iq>OD 
our antagonists, to hear them coming after us in füll ciy. Had all 
the jackals of tbe country been assembled for one grand chase, we 
oould not, in our terror, bave imagined that a more numerous pack 
oonld have been collected. On aad on they came, aweeping down the 
vall^, every rock re>echoing their wild cries, above which the dread- 
ful pattering of their feet was heard, like the sound of rain amidst a 
stona. Thomson and I locAed at one another like devoted beings, 
and large drops trickled down our foreheada aa we awüted thtär 
attack, with only a few stones for our defence. But as the fiendiah 
crew came on, the leaders, after a look and a snarl, awept by, making 
R slight deviation to the right, and followed by the wbole pack. A 
moment more, and they had paased like a hurricane, and we breathed 
like men who had just escaped an imminent periL This adventure 
tanght ua to act like the natirea, and never to go about unarmed. 



"YrraafOMB aitd passihq occdrbenceb. 



165 



' ' ' < >ii-nia1 loke, witb the creeping path of Btone ptirifi- 

' i.liii-Arkitc mjaterieB, and in &ont, there was ■ veiy 

■■ ]iii'(i' of ground covered with greenHward. In this, 

/ruve ilug, to wbicb, after reading the prayers of our 

'timitti'il thc mortal remains of the seijeant. It was & 

Kitilut cvc-ning; and nerer did we look down npon Antioch, 

''V, witli fi^t^linga of such nad solemnity, or when onr heart» 

t'.'h in luirmony with her desolation. 



TIIE RAT^ATCHEE. 

Frfm Hu Oirmii ^ Kart Standt.*) 



lui CSD the iFiTiied conocil do ? 
Bj Ihpir commwid, 
Throush *]l the Und 
'Tis raid, tbat he 



Threedi<r«baTepui'd — aaoDiidUriiig- 

Like »nllowiiiitheipiiag-tiiiianiigiiif, 
Aod lo ! Uta rat-c»Kher ippcan ; 
See what ■ ntotlev ooU he wetr» I 

HU loohi an wiü. 

Uii uoBg >( miU, 

The rat» all l«ap 

Id manj » heip — 
Th«r mo*t panoe the «oadrom «oiiiid, 
TmlnltaW« 



ttheju 



I dnwn'd. 



To eboreb proeccd tbe bi 
The diBghler of thrir im„ 
SteM* doom'd to bare ■ lowlj m 

Stullhbteor 

Hvr litt (aya, *■ Ho I 

With aong aDd Üb 

To be b'u «ife, 
No tat-catcb«r gm child of mim 
8«eh toflj boaoon I dMÜne.'* 

Tbc flfer, ia Ui motlej laimcnt, 
Be{M« tha conncil eomc* fi>r pa 
AU in tbe •eUMwe Unguse »p 
Aikd all alike the eoDttaet breil 



"TbamMtotbee! 

It caoaot be. 

No i bunter brare 

Th^ tronble nve. 
Tb j pipiag lOmewhBt imacki of ct]!. 
And caate inon Ukety froa tbe deriL' 

Kczt nioniingdaTiu— aKMad ii ringingr 
Ai when the ni^tlngalei an linging ; 
The tone* of Mag and flöte begioning, 
DweU on tbe ear, m loMy «ioning. 

AguDiigam 

He come», 'tu piain, 

The vennin-iljiyer — 

The wondrom player. 
Tbe children — boji ind maidenl, toc^— 
HnM fhllow bin, a notlej crew. 

And no« (tili iweetertoundi are rin^ng, 
Ai «hen tbe heai'nlj choir il linging ; 
Ont eomei the burgoniailer'i dioghter, 
The nafio to the £N>r hat broaght her, 

8he fliei alcuu, 

With all the urong ; 

The mioe, too, leap. 

In nany a heap — 
AU moft pnnne tbat mmdroiia aonnd, 
TiU in the Weaer tbej are drovn'd. 

No« to tbe gatN the parenti halte, 
Bat not a fiwtatep ean be iraced. 
No trai^ Eckarit coroea to aave tbem, 
Tbe hualcr ia bii toib matt bare tbem. 

Bot two return. 

And noQsht we leam ; 

For tbey aere oonte, 

One blind — oaa damb. 
Tba motheia muit in angsiah waU ; 
The man'i rerenged— Ihn« endi tbetale. 




OfnnaB IH Pal ui e of tba Mldilla Afca, uid 
. lasaiiac*. an Imamaalf ImUbt«! hr tak 
of •■ Woltam nm KidHahadi."— J. O, 



ara i»t cofinfa loattack 

■■ MtetgnitnM." a>a Ib 
"ir atOfy, wiBCT pnpla wi 

lo thoaa n*M br It» n 

_.. _. _...„ jji ..Vati»»." An oW tnatj' kDlfht, nun«« Eckirt. ww 



•■bifäkit- 

'I »^ .-" s«^!'a= 
"-- ndm^iiiE 

eu:t «nix .': 
an Utk«. Sab 

net'j Uffikttc 

in •irinjAm''' 
nuftfü'. 






CKüvasa FOR a cdtlbt. 169 

If the ftuthor hu been guilt^ of "plagiaiism," give Um or lier a caim^ 
logiie ruaoanfe of noble and talented plagiarists, tfaroffing in the replj 
of Charles the Second, who, when urged not to pstronise onc Ö! 
Dryden'a plajs, aa liaving been Htolen from other worka, replied, 
" Steal me euch another, and I'll patroniae it as much aa I da honest 
JtAa'a," If jon find younelf nezt to a jouthful poetess, 70U maj saj 
of her work what Sir James Mackintoah said of Corinne, " I swallow 
it alowlj, tbat I ma^ taste everj- drop." If chance placea a militaiy 
man next to jrott, lead him on to talk of driUa and pipe-day — the duke 
and the peninsula, of coune pronouncing the oorps to whjcli your 
neighbour belongs to be one of the finest in her miyeaty'e Service. If 
a naval hero is your neighbour, talk of Nelson, Uowe, and Colling- 
wood, and listen to his yaras of the sea, and dangen of the deep. If 
a traveller is placcd next to you, joumey with him over his beaten 
tntck, and urge him to publish his Journals. With a lawyer, be britfi 
ÜOfsj are more accustomed to talk than to listen. With a tuft-hunter, 
drop in acddentally that you thought you aaw him the day before in 
the park, which will give him a cue, to commence his narrationa of 
high-bred dames and nobles with whom he ie on the moat intimate 
terms. ' In short, suit your converaation to your company. Bespect- 
ing anecdotes, bave a certain number stored np in your memom 
ready to do their duty when called upon; but be particularly careful 
never to lug in one of them out of place, but be equally prompt, when- 
ever an opportunity occurs, to avail yourself of it. Thus, tlie con- 
versation tums upon Wellington, you immediatdy begin — " I heord 
a noost characteristic anecdote of the great man lately: Commander 
Hall of her majesty's yacht, who bad 'done the State some Service' In 
China, was auxious to be prcaented to the hero of a hundred fighte, 
upon an oceasion in which the duke went on board the Victoria aad 
Albert, llie name of the oommander was mentioned to the duke, 
wlio said he ahould be delighted to be introduoed to the gallant officer. 
The tiainquetir da vainqueurM went through the yacbt, and was 
about to Icave it, when he tumed round to the captain, and süd, inOv- 
duce me to your Commander. Tlie ceremooy took place. ' Happy to 
know you, Commander HalL You ore a brave fellow; fought like a 
hero in the Nemesis, in China. Gallant, gallant. God bless you,' 
holding out his band at the same time. The aon of Neptune warmly 
graq)ed the Veteran warrior's band, exclaimiug, ' I would rather have 
that bleasing than that of the Archbishop of Cantcrbury, and all the 
biabops put together.' " 

AÄer telling your story, wüt (as the professcd actors do) for the 
^>plaiise, and do not be carried away by it, or be led to toll another 
Btory, until an equally favourable opportunity ocgutb. If the subject 
tUTDs upon politica, quote Sheridan and the pure elector of that imma- 
Ctilate borough of Stafibrd. " So, Mr. Sheridan, you are about to 
^ve US reform; that's right, only think, in aomc towns there are poor 
followB, I hear say, that get nothing at all for their votes; that an't 
right, and wants reforming altogether. Talking of reform, " you may 
continne, " I must teil you a most extraordinaiy circumstanca that 

occnrred duriog the last reign. Lord paid a visit to Uedlam; 

among the inmates was a poor woman, who happened to ask his lord- 
«bip his name, 'Oh,' replied the latter, 'I'm Mr. Smitli,' giring a 
traveUing name. Nothing more occurred until a few months «ftor- 



^Ä>¥'*4"'H" 






I Ltt naee, with thee tlie; aie 

£«<nU of thonght, who hsre 
ü7e realma of time, m. few tuningB 

> Moent, iKii^ one among thoie 
U wen tMdwd in tbe bkiod ctf the 



. ^ Tbe 

f"'^ Kivcn; &r tbej wo« dt brav». 
li^^jL Sw, &om a riaing gnxmd to tbe 
■ I7 view onr Vinccnnea. 

/^^ Natura w(a« her c«bn etenuJ 

; c^^p : (rf tbe periabing aitd tbe last- 



lin^^nr^^K "**? weaitb, rank, phituthR^, and 
Ärfla VW* Ü ^''^ noutrkaUe m Paris, are 
m^^l^-h- *«'aned nni and animated boat, 
(,: j^^>^ £. ' f W "^ o)>e*>^ as if ia iiMckei7 of 

■^^^■'•!Mm Jl sordj aeA bis tomb, for tbe 
pieaaant to dweD cn tbe ntf- 






hmakwt tot bim, UnM (tbe 



*5-^5' "^^ "^^ ^i 












"ST'-'-»™ 



TBK Büpax or maocco. 






it «ff» ^J 






)t bnt neommeiid thU littk worit of Hr. Hkt's M one of tbe iinat 
'^ '"n ckM. Tb* meton of Uorocoo i^kmIb, uid of tbe manima 
noat liralya&a unBiing. At tfae aame tkae, it ii impoauble, 
- „ _ jaMmiihic and tral; Oriental iketcbe«, not to be reminded ot 
the pravnb, " Tbn« i* ootUi^ new," ftc The itoi; of Ali, the robb«, is 
almört, to % ward, Üat ot tbe Dotnriou Veli Khan, of FaxätUa, tha cattäng 
«ff Um Sog« ÜMt poUad die triggar, theibeikh'a mara, the Anyof the anöent 
•fiKi, nn all fc™!"? in diaiUr qt pr^-jr^rtu IbtiM thrmiglKNit tbe Eart; aad 
iriat ii equallj oorioiu, the ioindent of the lobb« Ali, nuToandad faj tha 



ftiming Aweat^ ItTiTKrhing hinuelf oa lüi jet-black itoril, whHe v 
bdond Bahneaa in lü« arm», u^Mt lua UM, i» prtciMljHmik 
0^ Herae Um Htmter with Mifad into tbe bunüng woodi, related in " 



d Bahnana inlü« aitna, ag^mt hu fbe, i 

• theHonterwithMifaSintotbebunüi^ _. 

In tbe mpentitioaa of Ibe BerltMa and Aiaba, tba &w idka of 
Uanro-^aniibtime*, tbe tradilM)tu<rftl>eHooTt,andlbeweU-told oonTena- 
tiana with lioua, boHs, and fajvnaa, Ur. Ha^i wosk containa inanj AatUfM 
of nonl aod gnat inteieat, mcfa u ue certam to enaoM A ««r^ gnat pepn- 
laiit^ ; and to tboae wboae coriosity in thoie coantriee will be natnnllj 
awakeiied hy theprwnas of ermta, we camrat do a better aerrioe tban to 
nd Mr. WjUtw esoeUent m^ as a gnide. 



THE POLITICAL MISSION TO THE EAST* 

A FnnacB pi^tical miMioD, eqieciallf wben oompooed of me individnal, ia n 
düng nrf goKTÜ. It ii not a miiaiou of peace, nor a miuion of friendly 
noT one (br oranmercial aod otber adnntagn, nor eren of Frendi 
_,— it iiamiadoo timplj of boatilit y to England and the Engtiib, tin- 
flmcliiiig in Ita objeota, and tuacropiilon* in ita means. 

Mr. f ontaniei't eapeoal raiiMon waa aa a (py upoo the proceedinga c^tbe 
EHpfarate* Expedition. " At the period of my naminatjon," be eayi, p. 2, 
"poUi« aUenotHi wa« acti<relr directed to tbe attempU made by tbe I^^ith 
•oopennKreapeedyooininaDicationa withlndia." "Tbe title ofTice-cooHiV* 
fcaeUewben laya, "if directly confened upon me, wonld not haTemited mj 
riewi ;' and at page 414, be tan, " the experimentB on tbe narigationi of tiia 
Euhratea baring terminatad, hii preience waa no longer needed, and he 
tn^hit depaitore. 

It ia not onr intention to fbllow onr aathtn' in bis ontwaid jonmey, and in 
Ua intenneddlingi with Egyptian and Indien politio, tbere ar« plenty beüdea 
nnadvea wbo can aet bim i^it upoo tboae topict. We sball penetrate at 
onoe to tbe leaa freqnented ternb^ea ndgfaboarin^ tbe Feruaa Golf, and to 
tfae new Frmcb vice-^oonilate at Bwab, for <^|auwt hii will the autbor was 



poaaible atep« to get tbe conanl aatabliibed in hia new poait 

nodved W tbe local antboritiea mth reniect, (pp. 169, 170.) Thia, bowerer, 

Äd not iON (o aenütiTe a di*pnition,andin a connby, where beaayi 



the Ensliih " paaa fbr a 



of nipeiior beinn ;" be codtidered tbät lui peu- 

^ ...... t,and to 

lullay— s 



Ikn^S an aapect of depandeoce, and hence^ rewlTed to live ^wrt, and to 

a Uta i trat a difienl^ occnired, that thia deoModed lOBie oullay— s 

dlBcBlt^faoweter, l^ no meani inauperable to tbe ^u* of a FrenelmiaB, 



Ibr tbere waa at Bwrah « French fiwtoTy, in part of which tbe oontnl took vf 
h^ abode, and the otber part be pnHed down, and aold the m at eri ala to meet 
tbe ezpanaea of ereeting a flag-ataff, (p. 190.) Thia &etoiy, it it to be 
ramaiked, had been a Uttle preriooily repüred by tbe Fiench Bbbc^ of 
Ba^Mlad, at an eipenM of lüOOZ. 

"Once inttalled," tayi the antbor (p. 191), " I receired frequent Yiritt frooi 

* NairatiTe of a MImon to lo^a, and tbe coontrie« botderbiR an tbe Penlan 
0«lt kc Dodertaken by order MF the Frcneb aoverament. By V. 
Tiee-Contol at Bittora. 1 toL STa B. Bantle;, London. 




•I 









II ^ 



184 



FOUnCAL HISSIOH TO TBE BAST. 



■B tboM wba lUilIked tbe antlunitr of the EngliilL'' Tliii mMt \ 
a ntb«r stnom pracmding by the nniaitiated, od the part of tbe 
tne of ui ■iGed and tneadly power ; but it u esplained in otl 
wIm« the ■oÜHn'a tdeai m to the dutiea of a French cooaul sre tni 
Itated, M bdug ^mptr to keep the Englub conBals in cbeck (p, 
prevent tbe ^gfiih de[virii]g the French, " ia Anatie affiüra, of 
tagee to which our geognjitikal pontion nod prior retätiaaa i. 
«nütle US," (p. S95.) Ofaaemtioiu, which erery one will allow. 
ioAimlicBble to the posktion of tbe two nUtoni in CMna, lun^ 
Golf, or the Bed Sea— the wide fielda of Mr. Footantei'f Hnbi - 

No *ooner establiahed than " a ciruumitance occnTred," T 
" which made it incunbeDt on me to cbeck the ioflaence of 
was, in bct, boUinK over with impatience to quarrel with th' 
at Baghdad; and tae occaaioD which thua preaented ittelf 
Bor leia than a reaaeat made bj the colonel to the paaha of 
miuion to establiea coal depöte fbr tbe lervice of the Eophr. 
difierent »tations on the rifer Eapfarates. Tbete coal dipv'. 
fcy Mr. Fontanier, " military posta and magaönei ;" and n< 
mianon to conatnict theae paata, and to catabliah a communii 
by means of «team-boata, waa neitber moie nor leas thn 
poaaeuioD of the rirer," (p. 193.) Imagine tbe taliing ai 
of a tract of conntiy eleven huadred milea in eitent, 
millioDa of inb^itant», br five coal depots guatded bv 
each 1 But woree than tnis, Colonel laylor, who, alt) 
reaident at Basbdad, had never viuted the mina of 
accomjJiihiDg uiat ol^ect, and at tbe aane time of p 
mony the arrival of the Enpbrates Expedition, wie] 
hia guard of Sepoyi being reliered, to detün fbr a whi 
fbr thia little eicursion. Mr. Fantanier'a aharp poll 
deeigns in this arrangeinent ; it wac evident that 1' 
eonTerted into a BritiaD military poat ; in fket, Colon 
modern Alexander, and ofF the irate conanl deapat' 
abting that if a aingle Engliah aoldier entered die t< 
at Conatantinople againat auch a violation of the i 
emiure." Thia, it is to be obeerved, wm wiitten aft 
wen gi*en np, and the additional Sepoys had I 
already on their way bome. Bnt Mr. Fontanier ex; 
and he takea credit to himgelf for having pre*ented 
baving marched on Baghdad. It is needlea« to obs- 
trom India was neitber aiked fbr, nor expected 
Tisjonary ricB'CODauI. 

Mr. Fontanier having thos aaved Tnrkey froT 
Gomea a great man. Spealüng of Englii£ sgt 
" My bare presence was a aeriona check to their i 
afterwirds, " Uy reddence at Baarah waa prejndi^ 
greatneta oo longer glitters when it ia expoied t' 

Tbb great afnir «mcluded, the delajr which 
tbe material of the expedition, left a long leirarc 
waa conrerted to the extraordinary purpaaea of 
witb the Abb£ Trioche of Baghdad, fbr bavin 
perty from Baarah to that city, and &iling in 
that qnarter, he aronaea himaelf by claiming ti 
-who, upon the representations of tbe formerl*'. 
■aaisted in their removal, and be wanied th<' 
Jiot Bccede to my demand, I ahonld send a ci-; 
transmitted bim to the Govemor-genet«) •■ 
valne of the articlea thiu irregularly remoi 



in-DtlT «dtli 
rai and po)i> 

:l>assa(kr, wfaa 
With thia great 



pay!" 



•jRtiredat tbe 

; thor depaitnre, 



1SB 



.'.imcs's and Whitchall wcve 

iitister were <nderad to reiWHB 

'' posted in «afferent qnarten ; 

i-iHcd to tbe c[ueea bj tbe cob- 

iiaDs might be takeo U> suj^ven 

' .1' recurrence, a prockmatioa was 

r'Ct, and « remrd offiered fot tbe 

"1 abettoiB of tbe late diatorbanoes. 

\ i^oroi» iDeamret, Sadicverell was 

. '< umpbal cbariot, aitd coalcDt himsetf 

■\ OS camed dailj to Westmiiutcr HaD, 

'i'ndaDta. 

incdopwutdaof aweek^and tbe coonacl 

I ]ilied to tbe diäerent articlea of impeael^ 

iimced tbe addten prepwed for bim bv 

, and Friend, under tbe advice and nitn 

urt and Pbipp& Delivered witb tbe utmost 

. air of entire ctKmctioo, tbis maiterlj and 

'luced a Btroog impreBsion on most of ita 

diCRi was tbe queen bersel^ who appeaied 

It mattered not tbat it was direct]; oppoaed 

to the doctrines laid down in tbe discoone on 

' -iition waa groonded; it mattered not tbat ils 

,'i'c audacious, and its appeals Etattliog; tbat it 

. lUtle better tfaan an artiiil recantadon of tbe 

.iT opiniona; it anaweied the purpoee adminbty, 

i^'c of tbe isBue of tbe trid. loe researcb and 

■r.\ycd in it astonialied tbe most critical, wbile ita ex- 

'|Hiwer and patiiofl electrified and eocbained tbe iuat- 

. !ic' Btcraer poeition of tbe aasemblage yielded it tte 

rlieir applaiiaes, the gentler that of tbeir teai& 

j>ublication of this specch, which inunediatelj foUowed 

IV, the doctoi's popolarit; reached its apogee, and tbe 

liiient anticipationa of bii boooutable acqoittal, or of a 

o2 



188 TBE HAMYARITIC HTSCBimDNB. 

" W« direlt IQ thii cwtle «eren jtm 
Of good life — how difficnlt frün nenorj itf detcription I 
Thnt Cime ;etn bsmn «nd bnrnt np : 
Wlieii One enl jemr had pasted away, there oame «totlier 
And w« beeame ai though yre hid Dever seen a glimpae ' 
The; died ; and »titherfool «r Aiw/'rvmaiNaJ.'' 
Tbe alliuione here have a specific reference to «n ereot i 
and fix tbe date <^ the poem to ft given point in the patr< 
neither more nor leu thau au a&idgment of the rel^r>> 
words printed in italics are nwd br Moies, and that i' 
" Out QAttle abo shsU go witb lu : t£ere ihall not an bn 
A veiy Singular coD&mation of this reference is ad 
from Firanb&udi, after Ebn Uesbam, who relates that :• 
to Tiew a sepnlchre in Yemen, on wbicb lay a wirni- 
MTen collan of pearla, and on ber handa and Iwr feet 1>' 
«nd armlets, leven on each ; and an everr finser a 
jewel of greAt tirice ; and at ber bead a (»ner, filled v 
■witb tluB in(cnpüon : — 



... _ . il«j)«- 

And he delajiug to reinm to me, I sent mj b: 
Wlth a meitore of silver, to brioK me back a - 
Aad not beieg abte to procore it, I «ent her v 
And not being able to procare il, 1 (ent ber v 
And not being able to procare it, I comnatia 
And finding no profit in them, I am ahat uji 
'Wbofoerer nu; hear of me, let them comml 
And ibould an; voman adorn benelf vith - 
From mj omameata, mi; abe die b; no oi' 



Tbis is a trnlj sad tale, told in a 

In passing from the inscriptions of tlie A'' 
ancient Arab btibea, to the Hamyaritic inscr'' 
mina at Nakabu-l-H^tir, we drop at once 
centuries, from the dsys of the Pharaohs to ; 
tbe namea of King Ab Mobareb, celebral' 
Behen&H bis nife, and of Dzu Nowas their - 
bings, who peiished about serentj jean bet 
Abvuinians — and tbe inscription at Aden 'i 

But these names of exclusive Arab celp' 
hj the classic name of Cbaribael, also occiii 
reference to that Icing of the Homerites 
Airian, and whose alliance, in tbe reign < 
hj the Ronnns. 

It cannot but be s sonice of natjon:. 
monnmenta (^ Anlnan antiqatty beloii' 
nearlj three centurie» prior to tbe Book 
fint aiphabet ofinankind, have been thu 
copy of the Rosetta and rhil» bscripti 
e«n be compared with the Greek teM 
and bistorical research, than is thiasoli 
Manj ather inscriptiona are hnonn t<' 
othen by reports of the Arabs ; and t 
exiatinsomeof the letten of the Am 
tbe ancient Bactrien coins, and in tl 
in Mescmotamia, and on the Lat of 
Hamjantic or Mnsnad ; and tbtu il 
ihrowgreat li^t on andant Orient, 



iniMie 
„lg day 

suspcnded 

■ hrs scmKKi 

itic commtm 

! if sheriflb. 

-.s of ihe mi- 

V 'Icinonatratioi 

hy the populace 

Liquor was freely 

. 'i(t bantls of high- 

l'iiruded tbe etreets, 

>ii of their Champion. 

"I ibc Btreets, round 



-'m CODET OP QUEBH AUKB. 191 

''-ink the doctor's healtb and hap^ 

"•nj^ ale given them by certün 

~" compelied to pledge 

"nated, and those 

heir Windows 

ittempts were 

ad put out tlte 

idated, or little 

certain it is, that 

'k«d, and crowds 

hour, Seme few 

-tance, were seized, 

.cy were ducfaaigcd 

icir inebriety. 

lüugh Hoose, a large 

<G faundreds of penona 

leen stmplted tbem, and 

Teil and the Tories, they 

ind proDipted by some of 

.th them, gave tbree groans 

le for the duchesB. 

i'cd for the event, two men 

ii-chair. Their object being 

/ them by the crowdi and they 

cdge of the fire. The chair 

.lic men, who appeared to be a 

ihca, took fbrth a figure tricked 

j'cniwig, a tattered scarlet robe» 

. a paper coUar round its neck, aod 

uf England, de Eari of Godotpbin 1" 
1^ French Bccent, which was supposed 

.1, and sevenil voices cried, " Into ibe 
fire with him P 
.0 fellow; " vait tili you see his compa- 

! the other man at the sedan-chair — a tau» 

' rikpped in a loose regimental great coat, and 

üinhkeapair of nutcracken — "Here he ia 1" 

ifT up another figore, wearing an absurdly- 

-ifiled military coat, a laced hat, and a pur of 

irimander-in-sheaf — de great MarlbrookT con- 

■xy man, with the hooked nose, shewing the effigy 

IS, who replied by ehouta of laughter, min^B 

>irc3Btons of disapprobation. "D^are de very 

ilt " 

L-ch was cut short by a great sür amid the crowd. 



192 unrr JuaA: c«, 

md B lood vmce exdsimed, " It^ a tie!— «a infenul lief irindi 
Done bot s Frenchman vouU uUer." 

Tbe nezt moment, Scalen fdlowed by Proddj^niahed fbnnnd. 
EBrii^ Seen wfaat waa gcäng&tfward from Üie Steps ofMulboroo^ 
HouBe, thej had detennit^d^ in qüte of ereiy zisk, to stop such 
diagraceful proceedings. 

Ab aooa aa the aeijeant got up to the chMT] he saatcbed tbe 
figure &om tbe gnsp of me man «bo beld it, and tnuajded it 
beneath bis feeL 

" SiaBoe OD you T he ciied, looking round. ** la it thiw joa 
tieat tbe defender of your couDtiy, and the conqaaor et its 
enenüea ? Ib it thiu yoa ahow lumour to the victor of BleDbam 
aad Ramiltea?" 

" Whoare von that talk thua to ua ?" demanded a bj-stander. 
" Who am I 7" rejoined the aeijeauL " One who häa b ti^it 
to apeak, because he haa followed tbe duke in all hia canuwigiia. 
One «ho haa bled mih bim, and would villingly bleed^/or bim. 
One wbo would rather bave left hia coipee on the Seid of Mal]^»- 
quä thaa live to aee bis cMnmander so grosslj insalled by tooee 
who are boand to boDour and respect bim." 

" K that d«t't tooch yoor h^uts they muat he hanler tfam 
atonei^" cried Proddy, paasinff bis band Mfbre bis eyea. " Are 
you Englishmen, that you allow a couple of be^arly moonaeen 
Co insult your great general in thia way — to say notbio' of lüs 
friend the loid-Äeasurer ? If you doo't hlush for yottrselre^ I 
blush for you." 

« Mounaeers V exclaimed a by-stander. " What, are these two 
ilt-lodÜDg rascab, mounaeers ?" 

" As auie as Fm her maj^^s coachmanr aaid Proddy. 
" It's Mr. Proddy himselfr cried sevc^ ▼aii:e& " We know 
tum ve^ weil" 

" I wish you knew bim better, aod copied hia manners^" letdied 
dte coachman, "for then you'd never act aa you bave done. 
Look at these two tiemblin'cowardal Are they men to be allowed 
to o&r aa insult to the Duke of Mariborougb?" 

" No — HO," cried a hundied voicea. " We didn't know they 
were mounseers. We^ask your paidon, Mr. Proddy. We were 
WEDiw — quite wrong." 

" Dout adt my pardon," rejoined Proddy ; " ask the doke'a 
^low your sonow by better conduct in fiitare." 

** We will, we wilC" replied thoae nearest bim. " What sball 
we do to satisfy you ?" 

" Give three cheers for the duke, and then read these raacak 
a leasoD," replied I^tjddy. 

Thiee lusty cheera were then given, doriog which the two 
Skenchmen, almoat frightened out of their aenaea at the change 
wiought in tbe temper of the mob, endesTOUied to escape. 
" Stop *em r' roared tbe aergeant — " stop 'em P 
" Ay, ay I — bere they are, safe enough," cried serezal of the 
by-standers, aireating them. 




■"ns eooBT op aonar amvb. 198 

<t^t äteir caplon to let them 

urcd Bimbektt, piteondj; "I 

: a. vrUeiama. " We must be 
■■ him out •ooDcr." 
.:i)n, ftiend," replied Proddy. 
.)l'"cried88iiialI-co«l-DUiL "Tlirow 

ncd a butcher. 
.icatl" cried abaker. 
yelled a tailor'B apprentice. 
I- de Dieu I pidS V cried Sauvageon. 
■roentl — my dear Mr. Proddyl do say a 
od jKunbebt 
1 tomed awBj in düguat 
jat to do with 'em," said Scalee to the t^- 
the Tilet put OD this tatterdemAlion altire/' 
ke'8effisy>"and make tbe corporalputoc t'other." 
^hter f(>£iwed thia suMjesticni, and instant pre- 
made to carry it into e&ecL Tbe strav bouters 
of tbeir covering, and tbe two FreDcbmen, wboae 
tarn from tbeir backa, irere compdled to put cn 
J habüimentfl of tbeir dummies. Ilie masks «erc tben 
tbeir &ceB, aud Üiej looked more complete acare-crows 
^ iSma tfaemselTea. Bimbelot's af^)eanuice occasioned 

1f .ang^ter. The old jack-boota luto wbieh bis little legs 

iinMd aacended to bis hij» ; tbe coat coveied bim like a 
aad tbe hat tbnut orer bis brows well ni|^ eztinguiabed 
SBOvwemi kxrfwd scarcely less ridicu]ou& In thia gtiiM> 
were howted iqioD the top of tbe sedan-chair, «nd exposed 
the jeeara and bootii^ of tbe rabble, wb<^ afier pelting them 
.th various missiies, tmreatened to throw them into tbe ßre ; and 
•'oiild ba.Te dooe so, no doobt, bat fot the inter&rence of die 
aemant and Proddy. In the end, crackera were tied to tbeir 
tauB, cnd fired, after wbicfa they irere allowed to mn fbr tbeir 
Irrea, and, amidgt « sbower of squiba and blszing embers, which 
vere hnried at them, manwed to eacape. 

Thus ended tbe trial of I>octor SachevereÜ, «hieb paved the 
my, aa hsd been foreaeen by ita projectora, for die diawlutioD of 
tbe miniatiy. The Whigs never recovered the btow so niccenfiilly 
Mmed at tbeir popolari^ ; and tboogh thev stmggled on &k 
aome time, from this point dieir decline may oe datcd. 

Slx weeka after die termination cf bis triai, Doctor Sacbererell 
commenced a progress tbroogfa tbe counUy, «nd was everywbere 
-zeceived with extraordinary remicing. At Oxford, he was 
UMgoificendy entertained by the neads of tbe coUegea, and after 
mnaining tbere dming a fortnight, proceeded to Bnnbuty and 
Warwick, where fae was eqnally well received. Bat the mateat 
honour shewn him was at Bridgenortb. Ab he approacbed the 



THB COUST OF QÜBKN AKHE. 195 

SocheTerett served aa the raUjing Trord of their adversaries. 
The new parliament, therefbra, placed a Toiy miniBtiy out of 
the reoch of danger. 

Prior to the efections, the mmisterial appointmentB were com- 
pleted. Mr. Saint-John was mode secretary of staie ; the Duke 
of Ormond, loid-lieutensnt of Ireland ; the Bari of Rochester, 
President of the Council ; the Duke of Buckingham, lord-stewaid 
of the household ; and other promotiooe occurred, not necessary 
to be particuUrized. So conatmcted, the new cabiaet commenced 
its work ; and, supported aa it was by the queen, seemed to hold 
out a leasonable proepect of stability. Energy snd unanimity at 
firat marked its prcvress, and the fierce and unscrupulous Oppo- 
sition it encountered only added to its Btrength. 

Disunions and jealousiea, howerer, began ere long to arise io 
it, inspiring the displaced par^ with a hope that the combination 
which had proved ntal to them wonid be speediiy disorganized. 

Hariey had not yet attained the goal of his ambition ; and now, 
at the momeot when he was about to put fortb his band to grasp 
the rewaid of his toils — the treaaurer s staff, two rirals steppea 
fbrward, f^"pft''"'"g to anatch it &oin bim. These were, the Earl 
of Kochester and Saint-John. Between Harley and Rocheater an 
old enmity had subsisted, which, though patched up for a time, 
had latterly been revived in all its araour. Conceiving bimset 
entitled, from bis long experience, bis tried attachment to the 
churcb, bis relatiooship to the queen (he was her matemal uncle), 
to the chief office of me govemment, Rochester pnt in his claim 
for it, and Anne was too timid and indecisiTe to give hlm a 
positive refiisaL Saint-John, on the other band, conscious of his 
superior abilitiea, disdaining to be mied, and master of the Jacobite 
aiul movement sections of the Tory par^, was determined no 
longer to hold a subordinate place in the cabinet, and signified aa 
much to Mrs, Maaham, to whom he paid secret and aasiduotis 
-court Thus opposed, Harley seemed in danger of losing the 
prise for which he had laboured so bard, wben an occurrence 
took place, which though at firat apparently fiwij^ht with imminent 
peri], in the end proved the means of accomplisbing bis desirea. 
To explain tfais, we must go back a short mace in oor htstory. 

One nicht, about six months afier Sacaeverell's tiial, a man 
suddenly darted out of Little Man'a coffee-house — a notorions 
bauQt (n sbarpers — with a drawn sword in bis hand, and made 
off at a fiirious pace towards Fall MalL He was puiBued by half- 
a-dozenperBons, aimed like bimself; but afler chasing bim as iär 



a-dozenperBons, aimed like taimseu; but atlerchasingfaim a 
as the Hsymarket, they lost sight of him, and tumed oack. 

" Well, let him go, said one of them ; " we know wher 
find him, if the major's wounds prove mortaL" 

" The major has won above nve hundred pounds fix)m bim," 
obaerved another ; " so if be hae got hurt, he can afford to buy 
plastera for bis wounds." 

" It has been diamood cut diamond throughout,. but the 



196 BAIHT JAMBafs: OB, 

nuyor baa proved the shaiper in moiE atnwea thui one" ob- 
served a tbird, with a lauge ; " bat as the marqnia bas palmcd, 
tt^iped, knapped> aod sluired tbe dice biniBel:^ he conid not, in 
reasoo, blame tbe major fbr uaii^ iulbama." 

" I Bbouldn't care if tbe marquis could keep bis temper," said 
afouitb; "but bis sword is out wkeaerer he uMe^ and tbe major 
is Dot tbe first, br some scoiCi that he bas jänked." 

" Defend me irom the marquis T said tbe fint ; " bot I xap- 
poee we bave done with hiio dow. He's r^nlailj deaued 
out." 

"«Yet he's ao clever a fellow, that it w<mt gurpräe me if be 
£n^ out a way to retrieve bis fiütuoea," said tbe tbird. 

" He'd Bell himself to the devil to do it, I dixi't doubt," i»- 
marked the first; "bat comel Jet's go back to the m^or. We 
miist get bim some aasistance." 

Tbe Marquis de Guiscard, wbo bad relreated into a Bnall 
.Street near the Haymarket, Jmdiog bis punuers gone, issoed 
from bis place of concealment, and proceeded slowlj homewardai 
His gait was unsteadj, as if from intozicatioa ; but tbis was not 
the case, and he uttered ever and anoQ a deep oath, ""itipg bis 
forebcad with his cleutJied band. 

On reachiog bis residence, the door vas opened hj Bimb^o^ 
wbo Btarted on bebolding im wild and haggara looks. Sn«ti'}iiTig 
a Ught frc»n the teirified valet, Guiacara msbed np staira and 
eatered aroom, but presently retomed to the landing, and called 
to Bimbelot, in a lond, Bngrj voice, 

** Wtere'a yoor miatreEs, rascal ? Is ehe not come home ?" 
"No, monseignenr," replied the valet, "shs's gooe to the 
masquerade, and jon are aware it is seldom over before fimr or 
five o'clock in tbe moming." 

Uttering an angiy ejacuUtion, tbe marquis retumed to tbe 
toom, and flinging himaelf into a chair, botied his &ce in bis 
bands, and was for some time loet in tbe IsttereBt and most paiiw 
fiil re&ectioD. 

He then arosei and pacing to and fro, exclümed — " Disorace 
xad mio Stare me in tbe face 1 What ^all I do ? — how reiieTe 
myself ? Fool I tnadman that I was, to risk all I bad agünat tbe 
-foul play of tbose ebarpers. Tbey have äeeced me of everj- 
thiog ; and to-monow, my house, and all within it, will be seixed 
by tbe merciless Jew, Sermons, wbo bas bunted me down like 
• beast of prey. Tbe discontinaance of my pensitm of a bnndred 
ducatoons a moQth from tbe States-Genend of Holland — tbe 



disbanding of my regiment, and the conaequent losa of my pay 
—the extravagances oi the woman I was lool enough to manr 
f(a the bribe of a thousaod ponnds from Harley, tnrice whicA 



smount ahe bas since spent — the ^ure of my schemes — the 
death of my etanch friend the Comte de Bmn^on — all tbese 
calsmities have reduced me to such a strait, that I was weak enoogh 
denoD^ — (o place mywfaolefbrtimeonone last Btake. iud 



THB COUBT Or QDBBK AHNE. 



DOW I have lortitl — loBtittoashuper! Batifhebaerobbedine, 
bfl will taace lire to enjaj tbe spoiL" 

And with a stränge saTuge laugh he sot down, and relapoed 
into silence. But bis tbougbts were too nmlA^ing to allow 
liim to remain kn^ tranquil. 

it be doner he cried« setting up, diBtractedlj; 



** but wbat — ^wbat ? To-morrow, tbe wieu of my pn^rty will oe 
aeiaed, and I aball be thrown intopriaon by äolomona. Bat I 
can At — tbe nigbt is before me. To fly, I mast bare tbe meaiu 
of flignt — and bow procore tbem ? Is tbeie notfaing bere I can 
carry off — my pictoies are gone — idt [date — all my valuablea 
— ezcept — ba I tbe jewels Angelica bnw^t ftom saint^oim I 
— They are left — tbey will save me. TEe necklace alone coat 
three himdred poaDdfl ; botsapponngitfetefaesa tbiid of tbe Bum> 
I can contrire to eziet opon it tili something toma up. Money 
ia to be bad from France. Ha I ba I I am not utteiiy loet I 
ahall retire for a time, only to t^pear again with new aplendonr." 

Fall of tbeae tboogbta be proceeded to a amall cabinet standing 
Bear the bed, and opening it, took out a case, wbich he un&a- 
tened. It was empty. 

" Tbe jewela are gonel — abe bas robbed me V* he exclaimed. 
" Feidition seize her I My last hope is annibilated T 

Transponed with Biry and deepair, he lost all command of 
himself, and taking down a pistol, which bong near die bed, be 
held it to bis templea, and was about to pull tbe trigger, wben 
Bimbelot, wbo bad been od tbe watch Ibr some minutes, nished 
ferward, and eotnated him to stsy bis band. 

** I know that yott are roined, monscigiieur," cried the valet; 
*' but it will not mend the matter to kill yourselC" 

" Fool I" exclaimed tbe marquis, funoualy — " but for your 
stapid interference all my troubles wonid Iure been orer by 
.Ulis time. Wbat sbonld I Htc for?" 

" In tbe hope of better days," retamed Bimbelob " Fortone 
may cease frowning upon yoo, and pat on her former smiles." 

** No^no, tbe lade bäa desertra me fiw erer," cned the 
marqnia. " I shall not stniggle longer. I am dck of li& I 
LeaTe me." 

" Ooly poetpone your lesblntioa tili tCMnoirow, monseigneur, 
aad Vm persnaded yoa will think better of it," urged Bimbelot; 
" if not, tbe nme remedy ia at band." 

'f Well," repbed Guiscard, putting down the pistol, " I will 
wüt Uli toMnorrow, if only to setde accounta witn my &ithlen 
wifc." 

" Better leave her to «ettle tbem herKt^" replied Bimbelot 
" If monseigneur would be advised by me, he would qoit thia 
boose for a sbort time, aad live in retirement, tili meana can be 
devised c^ paci^ng bis creditors. 

" You awaken new hope within my breast, my faitbfnl feUow,'' 
Kf^ied Goiacard ; "I witlgo tbisTerymomiog'befiireany one ia 
aatir, and you sball accompaoy me." 



THS OOOliT <» VJmMH AMHE. 199 

" Tating s little repose," retumed Bimbelot, " prior to quit- 
ting the house. 1 threw oQt a hiat about reoewing his corre- 
spondence witb the Kreuch court, and he snapped greedilj at the 
bait" 

" Ha I ha V laiuhed Sauvageon. " We sfaall have him, theo." 

" Safe enough, replied Bimbelot. " The reward promised ob 
by Mr. Harley for the discovery of bis secret practices, will not 
he loet. We shall be able to bring tbetn home to him ere long." 

As the words were uttered, a loud knocking was heud at uie 
outer door. 

" Sarpedicu I" exclaimed Bimbelot, " Madame la Mar^hale 
has retumed before her time. This is uuluckv." 

So saying, he hurried to the door, and nnding it was the 
marchioness, ushered her in with as much respect as if nothkig 
had happened, and lighted her up staiis, taking the precaudou, 
however, to desire the portera to wait. Entenng a Chamber at 
the head of the sturs, Augelica threw down her mask, and 
divesting hetself of a pink silk domiao, discloeed a magn^cent 
dress of white brocade. On her head ehe wore a fancy Spanish 
hat, loopcd with diamonds, and adomed with ostrich feathers. 
Sbe was comiderablv &tter than beftwe, and her features were 
co&rser, but sbe aüll looked excessively handsome. 

" Send Charlotte to me," sbe cried, sinking into a chur. 

" MrB. Charlotte ia not returned, madame," replied BimbeloL 

" Not retumed T exclaimed Angelica. " How dared sbe go 
out without leave. I shall dischaige her in the moming. Send 
Dawson, then." 

" Mrs. Dawson is gone out too," replied Bimbelot " In üct, 
all the women have gone out ; but I shall be very happy to assiet 
madame, if I can be of any Service." 

" Assist me 1" cried Angelica, etartiog up. " Marry come up I 
here's assurance with a veogeance. A valet offer to be a lady's 
maid I Leave the room inBtantly, fellow. I shall acquaint toe 
marquis with your presumption. 

" Le voici, madame," replied Bimbelot, grinning malignantly. 
And he retired, to m^e way for Goiacard, who entered the room 
at the moment. 

" What is the meaning of this, marqtÜB ?" cried Angelica. 
" Have yon been discharrang the servants ?" 

" They have dischareea themselves," replied Guiscard, coldly. 
" Having discovered that I am a ruined man — that nothing 
more is to be got from me — they have taken themselTcs off." 

" Ruined ! oh, gracious !" cried Angelica. *' Give me the 
salta, or I shall iaint" 

" No yon wont," he replied, drily. " Now listen to me. Our 
ruin may be averted for a time, perbaps altogetber, by the sale 
of the jewels you brougbt with von when I took you from Saint- 
John.. I<et me have mem — quick !" 

"I can't give them to you, sobbed Angelica. 



THE COmT Or «DBBH AHNE. 901 

•t the buard of amst, he attmded Mr. Haiiey*B leree, Kit was 
refosed admittaace, and exasperated at the afEront, he retumed 
to die inn, and wrote & loog letter to the minister, tfareatenin^^ 
if amitance were not given him, to reveal all tbnt had passed 
between them to the Duchess of Marlborough. 

On the following moming, be waited npon Mr. Sünt-John, 
with whma he had better soccen. He was kindl; received bj 
the secretary, who seemed much touched by the acconnt be gave 
<^ hia drcumstances, and blaming Harie; for bis indiffisr^tce, 
pcomised to repiesent Guucard's condition to the queen. Saint- 
John was aa good as bia word, and spoke 00 wartiuy in tbe mar- 
qiüs'B fkvonr, tfaat her m^esly gnaoadv ordeied a penäoo of 
nve hundred a-year to be grantea bim. Tbis order being notified 
to tbe commisaiooers of treaaurT> Uariej stmck off a bnndred 
a-jear &om tbe grant, alWin^ in excuse, tbat the fiinda of tbe 
excbeqaer were ezhausteoL r<H' tbis ill tnm, bb be conceived 
it, Guiscard vowed rerenge, and sought to obtain an «udience 
of tbe queen, for tbe purpose of malung disciosures to her, but 
was unable to effect bis object 

Some degree of credit being restored to him, he again ventured 
forth pnblicly; took lodgiogs in Rider«treet; and began to fre- 
quent tbe cofiee-houses as before. He stillplayed, but with greater 
caution thau heretofore, aad ofWn came off a winner of smalT sums. 
Thus encooraged, be proceeded to greater lengths, and in one 
night was oncemorebeggaredbyaninof ill luck. In tbis desperate 
extreroitr, he had recouise to Saint-John, who, moved to eom- 
paasion 07 bis tale, and baving, tnoreover, a Ukiog for loose 
characters^ gare bim out of bis own purse a sum sufficient for 
bis immediate necessitles, recommending him caution in the nse 
of it ; but so &r from acting up to the advice, the marqnis on 
tbat very day, as if drawn irresistiblj to destruction, lost it all 
to the taro table. 

Shame having hj tbis time utteriy forsaken bim, hc again 
applied to Sunt-John, but met witb a peremptory refusal, and 
erer afler tbis tbe seeretary was denied to bim. Driven to the * 
moBt desperate straits, he now subsisted on such small sums as 
he coula borrow — for he had anticipated the first instal- 
ment of bis pension, and was freqaently reduced to poütire 
wanL He lodged in Ma^ot's-court, an obscure passage leading 
out of LitUe Swallow-«treet, where be occupied a üngle room, 
miaerably fumisbed. He still continued, bowerer, to keep up a 
decent exterior, aod daily haunted the purlicus of the palace, in 
the bope of picking up Information. 

Bimbelot had long since quitted bis serrice, but ireqnently 
Tistted bim, uoder the plea of offering him asstatance, though io 
reality to ascertain whetber be was carrymg on a correspondence 
with France. While freely confessing tbat he was so cngagcd, 
the niarquis was too cautious to adinit Bimbelot into bis plans, 
until, one day, tbe latter found him in tbe act of scating a packet, 
wbeD, as if unable to constraio himself, be teoke finth tfaos — 



24NIL ' . BAiirT jambb'b : ob, 

" £b many da^, Bimbelot» joti will see tfae vhole of this 
Capital — nay, tbe whole of thia counUy convulsed. Ä great blow 
will be Struck, and mine will be the band to etrike it r 

" What mean you, monseigneur ?" said tbe valet, trembling 
witb eager curiosity. 

" I ha7e just wntten to the Court of France," pursued Guis- 
card, witb increasing ezcitement, " tbat a ctmp-tCetat may be ex- 
pected, which will cause a wonderful alteration io tbe tmaiTs of 
this couotry; and I bave added tbat this is the most farourable 
conjuncture for the prince, wbom they here wroDgfiilly style 
the Freteuder, to make a descent upon Eugland, where he will 
find great nunibers disposed to join him, aud amongst tbe rest, 
tbree parts of the clergy." 

" But tbe blow you mean to strike — the hlow, monaeigneor ?" 
demanded tbe valet. 

" Will be aimed at the bigbest person in the realm," re- 
plied Guiscard, smiliug savagely, " The prince will find the 
throne vacant I " 

" Ha ! — indeed," ejacuhtted Bimbelot, with a look of iire- 
pressible horror. 

" Villain 1" cried Guiscard, seizing bim by the throat. " I 
bave truated you too fer. Swear never to betray a word I have 
uttered, or you are a dead man !" 

" I swear it I" replied BimbeloL " I have no intention of 
betray iag you." 

Beassured by the valet's maniier, Guiscard released bim, aod 
as soon as he could venture to do so with safety, Bimbclot 
quitted the housc. He did not, however, go far, but entered an 
adjoining tavem, whence he could play the spy on the marquis's 
movementa. Shortly alfterwards, Guiscard came forth, and was 
followed by Bimbelot, but at such a distancc as not to attract bis 
notice. 

Shaping bis course to Golden-square, the marquis stopped at 
the Earl of Portmore's residence, and delivered a packet to one 
* of tbe serrants. As soon as the copst was clear, Bimbelot came 
up, and leamt tbat tbe packet was addressed to tbe Earl of Fort- 
more, (tben commander-iu-chief in Portugal,) and was to be 
fbrwarded to bis lordship, with hb other lettera, by bis wife, the 
Countess of Dorchester. Soniewhat puzzled by the Information, 
Bimbclot resolved to lay it before Harley, and he accordingly 
proceeded to Saint James's-square for tbat purpose. He was 
quickly admitted to an audience, and tbe intelligence appeared 
so importaut tbat a queen's messenger was iostanüy dei^tched 
for the packet, and in a short time retumed with it. 

On breaking tbe cover, its cootents proved to be a letter ad- 
dresscd to a merchant at Lisbon, and within tbat was another 
Cover, directed to M. Moreau, a banker in Paris, wbtch being 
unsealed, the whole of the marquis's atrocious projects were de- 
vcloped. 

Having petused tbcse documents, Harley ordered Bimbelot to 



THE COCRT OF QUEEN' ANNE. 903 

be detaineclt and rep^red to Mr. Samt-John, by «hom awanant 
waa issued &t the marqQis'B arrest. 

Three queea's mesaengers were then sent in searcb of the 
offiender. 3j good Ibrtune they found him in Saint Janwfi's 
Park, and befbre be could oder anj reeistance, Becured and diB- 
anned bim. The marquis besonght them to kill bim on tbe spo^ 
but, tuming a deaf ear to bis entreaties, thcy conveyed him to 
the Cock Pit, wbere be was placed in a room aajoining Mr. Saint- 
Jobn's Office. Hia clotbes were then csrefull; searched, and 
evetythinff taken from him ; but the scnitiny was scarcely cfm- 
cluded, woea he contrired, unperceived, to possess bimself of a 
penknife which chanced to be lyinz on a deek near bim, and to 
slip it into bis sieeve. Possessed of this weapon all bis audacity 
and confidence retumed to him, and he awüted bis approaching 
examination with apparent unconcem. 

Meanwhile, the news of Guiscard's capture was convered to 
Harier» and shortly afterwards, a pri^y comicil, conüstiDK of 
bimself, Mr. Saint-John, Sir Simon Hsrcourt, the Earl of Ko- 
chester, the Dukes of Newcastle, Ormond, and Queensbuiy, 
tf^tber witb Lords Dartmouth aod Foulet, assembied in tne 
secretary's room at tbe Cock Pit Tbe Chamber in wbich tbe , 
meedngwasbeldwas plainly furaisbed, containing merely a laige 
table covered witb green cloUi, round wbicha number of chairs were 
set, and a small side-table for tbe under-secretaiies. The sole Orna- 
ment of itfi walls was a fiill Jength portrait of tbe queen by Kneller. 

Saint-John officiated as chfdnnan. After a brief Conference 
among the Council, the prisoner was introduced. He looked pale 
as deatb, but maintained a stem and composed demeanour, and 
glanced baugbtily and menacingly at Saint-John and Harley. 

" I am Burprised and sony to see you in this poeition, marquis," 
obseired the latter. 

" You may be sony, but can scarely be surprised, sir,** rejoined 
Guiacard. 

*' How so?" demanded the otber, sbarply. " Do you mean 
to infer^^" 

" I infer notbing," intemipted Guiscard ; " let the examina- 
tion proceed." 

" You are brouabt her«, prisoner, charged with treason and 
leze majest^ of the biriiest class," said Saint-John. 

" By whom am I tnus charged ?" asked Guiscard, impatiently. 

" Mo matter by wbom," rejoined tbe secretary. " You are 
accuBcd of bolding secrct and treasonable correspondence witb 
tbe court of France. How do you answer f" 

" I dcny it," replied Guiscard, boldly. 

" The next allegation affainst you, prisoner, is one of tbe 
blackest dyc," pursued Saint-John; "you are charged witb 
threatening to take tbe Itfe of oor sovereign lady tbe quecn to 
whom you, though a foreigner, are bound by the Btrongest ties 
of gratitude, for many favoun con&ned upon you." 

VOI« TL P 



III 



t--t-*:*: 4- 



THB COUBT or QUEEN ANNE. 205 

" Will you not endeavour to prore my innocence, Mr. Hsrley T* 
Bsid Guiscard, dramng close to bim. 

** How can I, wilh such danming evidences as thcBc before me ?" 
ctied Harley, poicting to tbe letters. " Stand back, sir !" 

"Can notbing move jou?" repeated Guiscard. 

" Notbing r replied Uarley. 

"Tben have at thec, tbou blacker trütor tbaQ myselfP 
^nodered Guiscaid. 

And pluckine tbe penksife Buddealy from bis sleeve, be 
pluDged it into Harley s breast. Tbe bude Coming ia contact 
witb tbe bone, sna^^ied near tbe bandle ; but uncooscious of tbe 
acädent, Guiscard repeated tbe blow witb greater violence tban 
beSbre, ezclaiming — " Tbis to tbj beart, perfidious villain T 

Tbe suddenness of tbe action for a tnoment paralysed tbe 
odien. Bot recovering themselTcs, tbey sprang to Hailey^B 
anistaoce. Saint-Jobn was tbe first to attack tbe Assasain, and 
passed bis sword twice tbrougb bis body, but tbougb Guiscard 
received other wounds from tbe Duke of Newcastle, wbo, being 
seated at tbe lower end of the table, leapt upon it, and tbus 
made bis way to tbe scene of action, as well as from Lord Dart- 
mouth, be did not &11. Some of the Council nearest the marquis 
were so mucb alarmed by bis infuriated appearance, tbat, feanng 
he migbt tum bis r^e upon them, tbey sought to protect tbem- 
selves witb cbairs. Otbers sbouted fi^ help, wbile the Eari of 
Foulet called loudly to Saint-Jobn and Newcastle not to kill 
the flwiBsin, as it was most important to tbe ends of justice tbat 
"bis life sbould be preserved. 

Amid tbis coarasion tbe messengers and door-keepers rusbed 
io, and threw tbemselTes upon Guiscard, wbo, wounded as he 
was, defended bimself with surprirnng Tigour, and some minutes 
elapeed before tbey could orerpower him. In the Etru^le be 
received many severe bruises, one of which chancing ia the 
back, occasioned bis death. Wbile lyiug on tbe grou*^*^' ^'^ 
wbile the messengers were in the act of binding him, he 
addresscd tbe Duke of Ormond, wbo stood oear biib, "Is 
Harlev dead ? I tbougbt I heard bim fall." 

" No, villain ; be Uvea to balk your Tiodictire puipoee," re- 
plied the duke. 

Guiscard gnashed bis teeth in impotCDt rage. " I pray yoor 
ffMce dispatcD me !" he fp<oaned. 

" Tbat is the execuuooer's busioeBS, not mine," replied tbe 
duke, luming away. ■ 

Nothing could exceed tbe calmness and compoeure ezbibited 
by Hsrley on this trying occasion. Uncertain whether he had 
received a mortal wound, he beld a handkerchief to bis breast 
to fltanch tbe blood, paticntly awaiting the urival uf a surgeon, 
and conversing tranqutlly with hia friends, wbo crowdcd round 
him, cxpreBBinff the most earnest solicitude. 

And well migbt be be content, tbough be knew not then wby. 
Tfaat blow maiw htm lord treasurer and earl of Oxford. 
f2 



KATE GBOflBT'S POLKA PABTT. 207 

' " EreijoDe is mad, that's certnin," aaid Kate. " There is scarceljr'a 
bouse to «hieb I taka bome work from R^ent Street, in vblch 
they bave not just Lad, or iire not just going to bare, a polka par^ ; 
eveo tbe butcber round the corner admires it, and tbe tnilkman wbo 
mpplies US told me oidj tbia moming tbat be was learning it, but that 
it was "werry 'ard." All tbe world dances tbe polka, wby^oold dot 
we give a ball, and trr it ?" 

" We give a ball r cried all the young ladies, vitb one TOic«. 

" And why not ?" said Kate. 

" Well you are a clever girl, Kate, bnt I really cannot think bow 
you mean to manage Ihit." 

" Listen to my plan," anawered Kate. " First of all, I know my 
motber will let ua bave tbe uae of tbe whole bonse if we want it, so 
we will tum all tbe furniture out of this room, and put it into my 
bedrooro; we sball tben bare plentj of space for <^cing. Tben 
there is the little back room, wbicb will do for a doak-room, and for 
tbfi ladies to cbange tbeir sboes in; and tbe snpper may be laid out in 
the porlour — for you know we mtu/ bare a anpper." 

"Ob! of course," intemipted tbe fat Sc^ifay. " I only go to dances 
for ^e aake of tbe eating." 

" Well ! tbe supper, tbe music, and ligbts will cost aometbing, so I 
Tote we bave a subecription, and if we can raise money enongb, we 
will bave a ball." 

This propoeition of Kate's met with great applause, and tbe young 
ladies had immediate recourse to their pockets, in order to see wbat 
each could afford to aubscribe. HoweTer, on consideration, it was 
determined that a committee of their moat intimate female acquaint- 
ances ahould meet tbe next evening in Kate's room, that each young 
lady ebonld bring ai mucb money as ahe could aparc, and that if the 
funds were found to be adeqnate, tbe notes of invitation sbould be 
tben written, sent, and all final arrangements left to Kate. Well, the 
next night came, and the committee, coroposed of about twenty- 
täi young ladies— milliners, fiower-makers, embroideresses, honnet- 
makers, lace-makers, and wbat not — arrived in Kate's room; the 
pioceedinga of tbe meeting commenced, and amidst the greatest 
su^>enee and excitement the varions snbscriptiona were banded tn. 
IThe som amonntad only to tbree pounds Sterling, bnt tbia seemed in 
the eyes of these poor Tgirls a Tery tolerable sum, the mon^ was 
banded orer to Kate, wbo undertook to make all the neoessary pur- 
chasra. Tbe daj was fized, and the fat Sophy, wbo bore tbe repu- 
tadon of being an excellent penwoman, aat down to write tbe invita- 
tions; one form aerred for all — " Miss Crosby hopes for tbe bonotir of 

Jgx. ^s Company to a dance on the evening of next Wednesday"— 

with a " F.S. : Those wbo do not arrive before 9 o'clock, will not be 
allowed to dance tbß pcdka;" Kate obserring tbat thia would be tbe 
ooly way to make tbe gentlemen punctuaL The blanks were filled op 
witb the namea of tbe faroured admirers of the re^ective young 
ladies, and the notes despatched. 

" And now, ladies," said Kate, " leare me to make all my arrange^ 
ments. Off witb you alll Beg, borrow, or steal lessona in the poÄa, 
but mind you are all perfect on Wedaesday." 

Tbe day on wbich «bis important meeting took place was Friday, 
aod during the five long daya whicb were to interrene between that 
day and the Wedaesday, but little work was done or money earned bj 



"DbeBMr. QiBT«r1ivehera?"HidKBtt,mh«r UMtet tonfl^ te, 
to tdl the trnth, the poor Utäe giil waa aoatewhat ifnU. 
*'Wliatr w»8 ihe Bonter, in « come vmee, "io jon neaa dM 

" Tei^" nj<rfiwd EJrte, " if 70a please." 

" Oh, ke ÜTM in tl>e edUr, but Ws maxiy Atad b7 tfaü» nünd j«a* 
«jn^ SCJ^ W'TOu go down the kddsr, or mi^be jfö^ff be dnA tao^ 
«cm.'' 

Poor Kate, ludf fri ^ rianed at ikt flatx aad oiaipaa j ah« had got 
iato, dwcendcd tiie stms into the ceDar u wdl m aka oräu, bot iÄ«t 
ft Kone pMKoted itadfl On the floor of & miaenhla ioism, or ntbor 
)t oeUar, ooDtaiidng aearoeij an atom of furniture, ob a beap of h^ 
C«lled by conrteaj a bed, a räck man was lying. At hü nde Btaod< a 
jOBOg aad nthor preü^ womaa in tean, tnd ttro Aüdren — a Haie 
bo7 abont eight ^«ars old, and a little ^1 barely fire — pal^ hitf> 
Mtvved, and kxAsng m ill, aU threo of them, aa the poor nu(n en #ie 
bid. Poor Kate was qatta takes dmdc, and ihinking ihe- hid maäm 
amiB nüstike said, " 1 waa kiakmg for Mr. Qocver, a iniiairinn «h» 
vlaja ^ TÜlm at danoea, aad a, womm in the paaaagn diraeted mt 

" /am Hr. Qiunr«r. / pl^ the violin at daneea^" raid Oe pow 
feBow, fiwai the bed, in a wcak and tremohnw T<nc& " Whaa de^jim 

wntBeforF' 

** For tlaa erernng," aaid Kate ; " bot i£ yaoi are Dl- ■ " 

" Oh, misa !" aaid the yoong woman, " mj baabaitd La vanr, varj 
ifl; ha has boen out ai^ after ni^ in order to eam enan^ to pay 
oae rent; he haa worn himadf oot, and dow be ia ilL We häre 
atmggled long and haid, bot we hiare met wilh B»dilng bot mia 
fortones, and our landlord is giring to aell ua ap to-nanow 1 dtl w* 
an TOT, rety wretched," and hei« the poor womaa bnrat iato toaara. 
Poor Kate conld not hetp weqnng too; bot lemembering dut tUi 
wonld da no good, ahe dried her tean and aaked, bow mn^ tfas land- 
lord daimed. " Neaily fyttr ponnda," was the anawar, " ^d 17 poar 
fanaband ia too Ol to eam tliia aam." 

« And I," aaid the littla boj, " can't play the flage^et withmb 
firiher to pläf with ne." 

Kate thcnight for a moment, bat her mind waa soon made vp : "I 
ahidtbe backdireetlf," add sbe, and raa offin greot haste. 

It was tlie woric of abont a qnaiter of an hour for Kate's ninbia 
feet to ron home and ba^ again to äomen Town, inelodiag the tiaM 
rvqniaite for adding to the 8/. snbecribed for the expenaes ä tha baD» 
an adiUtional W. from her own private stock. Withont waifing ta 
take breath, ahe entered Üie cellar of the poor mnaician, [daced dw 
money opon the Üble, and aaid, " liiere, pay yonr laadlord, dry Toor 
teara, and get yonr hnaband w^ as aoon aa yon can. We eaa WKO 
withont mosic^ and be very happy withont supper, I dare Mj." 

Hu poor people ecsrce knew how to express thtär gratitade^ tat 
Kate mahed out, aajing, in a cheerfol tone, " Qood bye; m eaU 
again and see bcnr yon are," and regained her own letnn joyona mä 
l^t, as ereiy one moat be who haa jnst done a good aetian. 

F<r aome time Kate aat tJiinUng of the poor peojJe whom die had 
jvat nliered, but snddenly rite reecdlected that her yonng frieads 
woold aoon arrire, ao ihe put the room in order, and aet abont dreaainft 
nigfatify amnaed with the idea of the oonatenutian «t thaae «hiv «>■■ 



210 KATB CBOBBT's POLKA PABTT.* 

pecting a Bupper, might bare omitted to dine. Hie toiktte acbieved, 
Kate entered the room, aitd haviog lit a single caitdle, placed it oa 
the chimne^-piecei thü, doubtlesa, did not render the b^-ramn vei; 
brilUsnt, bnt it was the last casdle Kate pOBeeseed, so ahe was eVn 
obljgfid to be content. Äbont half-past seven the yonng ladies b^an ' 
to arrive, and many expresaions of disaatiBbctioD were heard on Ae 
Btaircase. " Katel Kate! bere we are; let us have a Ught; vben 
on eartb are all jout lampsF It is veiy disagreeaUe to climb np a 
dark aturcase with one's best things on," &c. &c. 

Kate lightad tbem in vith her aingle candle, but on entering the 
room, the expreasions cJ surprise were redoubled, " Why Kate, 
where are the qhandeliers? it's as dark here as on the stairs; what 
Aave you been thinking of ?" 

Toall this Kate replied, "Wait ablt, ladiea; tbelamps are notyet 
oome." 

' By and hj, the gentlemen arrived, and seemed greatly suiprised 
to see Ute room so dai^ ; the ladies became very impstient, and 
asBMledpoor Kate on every side. "Why don't the lamps and the 
candles come?" aaid onej "and the music?" süd another; "and the 
aiq>peF, and the wine, and the cofFee?" said the fat Sophy. To all 
ffhich Kate quieüj replied, " Wut a bit ; have patieuce." But 
telling people to hare patience is not always the way to inspire them 
«ith that usefiil feeling. The ladies all got very crou, and the gen- 
tlemen increased their ül humour, by laughing in an nnder-tone and 
in a most provoking manner. 

At length, seeing that neither supper, lights, wine, nor muüdaa 
arrived, Üiey all loet patience, ioi Sophy, going np to Kate, said, " My 
dear Kate, we left all to you, and you have done notbing. What does 
it mean? How have yon upent our snbscription?" 
- Poor Kate blushed, hesitated, and at last said, " Thß' fact is, ladies, 
I have lost the purse containing our money." Ät this announcement 
the oonstemation was great; the gentlemen laughed more prov^in^ 
tfaan ever, the ladies sulked, and some of them all but said they did 
not believe a word of Kate's stoiy. Kate was getting angry, when 
snddenly Edward (who of course was of the party) clapped bis hands, 
the door opened, and a procession entered, composed of men and boys, 
bearing chandeliers, ready for lighting; trays füll of viands, ready fiir 
eating; bottles, containing wine and other liqoida, ready for drinking, 
and, to CTOwn alt, two flddlers, a fifer, and a comet-a-pistons player; in 
(Aiort, lightB, supper, and music, in both quanti^ and quality sufficient 
to please and satisfy a paity far mcffe hard to be pleased than that 
assembled in onr heroine's room. 

« Oh, Katar cried all the girls, " yon wicked creatnre, you wtibed 
to firi^ten US; bere is our muaic!" 

" And here is our supper," said Sopl^; " sban't we all be happy?" 

" Indeed," said Kate raöier more astonished than the others; 
"there mnst be some mistake; /have not ordered all these thinga!" 

" Oh, don't teil ns that; if s all very well, but we know better." 

All was confusioQ and perplexity, for Kate still assured them that 
ahe was as much at a loss to know whence these magnificent Orders 
had proceeded. When, however, the noise, which had been trenien- 
dous, had somewhat subsided, Edward, after a short Conference with 
some of the odier yonng men in the room, said, " Ladies, I rote we eom- 
flWMorwith supper, and dance afterwards. (This proposal was received 



*KA.TB CBOSBS'b POLKA PARTY. 211 

wilh great ^^Unse.) Bnt flrst," he remmed, "I will ezpUin, as 
ahortty is posäUe, tbe caiue of Kate'e not hanng made the arnuge' 
ments for thia eveiiing'B MmigementB, according to your request and 
wiahes. H^>pening tÜa afternoon to be passing throngh Somen Town, 
I Bftw Eat« Walking in the aame neighbourhood, at a very quick pace. 
Being aomewhftt cnrious to know what she was doing there, and 
perhaps b little jealoos, I followed her; Bhe entered a. cellar at the end 
of a passBge, in Chapel Street, atayed there for about a minnte, and 
then, rnnning out, walked back to her own hoose. I retnrsed to 
Chapel Street, entered the alley, descended into the cellar, md 
fonnd a scene of nüsery which I will not attempt to deBcribe; in a 
vord, I found, on inquiry, thtt Kate had gone to hire,a musidaD, had 
found the poor man ill more in mind than in body; for althongh both 
he and his family were half etarred, thdr bodily sufferings were iar 
increased by knowing that unleu four pounds were paid to their land- 
lord the next moming, even the bed upon which they lay wonld be 
flold from under tbem. Kate had paid this four poond^ and aa I 
knew ahe had not at her own iaunediate command any aoch gum, I 
tioold not help fancyiog that this was the sum deatined to defray tida 
evening's expenses, or, at least, a portion of it, and, ladies, can you 
not gaesB what has become of your Bubscriptions? On teaming all 
thia, I gueased that our party would be aomewhat defldent in a few 
material pointa, and so took the liberty of ordering sapper and ea-, 
gaging muaicians on mj own responaibility; and now you hare the 
whole Story." 

The mystery was now deared up, and deared np to the sadsßtction 
<tf all. Need we aay that Kate's couduct met with the t^robation of 
all? — that those who had suspected and murmnred against her, now 
begged, with tears in their eyes, to be foi^ven ? Meed we fiiTthw 
add, that the snpper was eaten, the polka danced, and a happiw 
erening never spent, and that to this very day a favoarite topic of 
oooTeraation amongst the favoored gnesta on that happy erening is 
KaU CroA}ft PMa Partyt 



THE HUSBAND MALGRE LUI; OK, THE WEST INDIA 
ADVENTÜBE OF A TEXIAN NAVAi OFFICER. 

BT PESCT B. ST. «OHK. 
PABT 1. 

PnBAPS HO pari of the world can produce icenery more exquisit« 
thaa that which we have more than onoe gazed upon, in admiration 
aod delight, while sailing, on a calm day, along the shorea of that 
Hcsperidea of the Spanish West Indies, Porto iUco. Riaing graduallj 
from the aea, gently sloping meadows, heary with augar-cane^ meet 
Ae eye, some long, smootb, and level, othera heaving titeir gnen 
bosonu on high, faere and there leaving Space for the tri»ling stroams 
which, t^cing their rise in the hilla, come murmuring towards the se^ 
NumerouB and raried grorea of everjr tropical tree, between wUch 
^ipear the atately manaioua of the planters and the low hnta of the 
ntgroea, take np much of the foreground; white, fiirther bade, we espj 
delieioua Valleys and t^tenings between the lofty but verdant hiUs, 
«bicb, clMbed with fertility, are crowned on their Tery sununitB bj 



[. S13 

diMrifa« her dn« thn we endd h«i« fidfilM the lato DRvid CrsAetfs 
he last eamBt h^thmtnl firan tfae top of A« 
Drcand, howcva, ihe wu, for & irälk; bot 
B äffim of ft fonkoommg stom rapeared to iMder it «xcoeiHii^j 
doobtfiil wbetlxr her «uhn aoald he fulfflled or not. Fcr bomb tinc^ 
dte pronondy alluibcrmg oeeaa kmä been agilated «bore and bekw 
ita Borfree^ üd bow eone tamhüng beadknig, mre after mve^ <na 
Ovar the otboT) ca la the h'wn^, Ant hiiffhir. ihaa roariiw, imtil, at 
length, it beeaiu ^aia^ endent that not tu od die anrfaee of the 
ooean ■ taupeat was heaving. Thia ia cAen to be -— — ^r*: the Tcnd 
decp nrelhiig TinUj long befora äie atmigth crf äte wjjid ia feit. 
The &ct wa«i however, iocn rendered mar« pUn, b; tbs gradaal rbc^ 
in Ibe aorth-eavt, ef a low Uei^ clond, at flnt bot a stiök upon die 
I, bat which, by degne«^ exteading eait and weat aa it roa^ at 



Presentl;, the itark haak opened, and from a break, ksown aa the 
" Wtiid'B Eye," and Bomewhat clearer than the reet, the storm came 
ponring avt ita tremendous fury apon the waters, |JoDghiiig np the 
deep, and Ushing the liquid masses imtil they foamed, aa if in fhry, 
and the wares sauk, roee, aad sank again, bb if onzioiia to esc^ie tba 
Tengetmce of the gale. Tbose who have beea, aa I have, opoD tba 
Wide ooean, doriDe lach b scene, can alone OHnprehend its fnll horroc 
^^ravea lising like mount^iu^ and leaving a hdlow duum between, 
ready, as it were, to ei^ulf, in hideotia profunditj, all that rode imoa 
the waten — now Bweeping on, in m^eatic force, bot in nnbr«ea 
mannrn — then meeting, breakin^ striking one bülow againat another, 
aod uniting in one pjraniid^ wave, rising to the heavea — tbcA 
aqtanttiog once more, and commiogling with the torrent below. Sow 
h whiatied — hov it bowled — thia nigtng, furiooB tempest — bb, pitff 
after puff, and blast Bft«r blast, it came on, like the Miünni»- foroeB of 
Satan, to the charge — 

■■ Blowing marahal fonnd« — 
A AonI tkat tore hdl'« coDcbTr I' 

Bat whj Stands Donna Maria tranrfxed to the spot in wlüch we 
left her, deepite the raging fiiry of the elemeota? Bhe appeara ahai>* 
Itrtely immovable. Ib it that sbe is one «f theae aaMnatooB ban^ 
wbo take pleaaut« in wbat in genend oanaea terror and alarat— ona oC 
theae extiäordinary Bpecimona of hiunani^ who delij^t in ihe teniSo 
and horriblB? Or, räthcr, does some ofaject, which we haTe not yet 
noticed, claim her nndivided attention? We diall endeavour to satufj 
the reader, hj ahüling our poaition a few müea, and joiniog, at tha 
riak of a wet jacket, a gntall knot of men, in a pontion which, in sight 
of the idantePs väla, was likely to call forth the attention of even a 
lesa enthuiiaBtic and sympathetic nüod than that which at preaent was 
BO aBxiooaly intereated Ibr them. 

Upon the deck of a moderate-sized brig, which appeared to " walk 
irs like a thing of life," a partj i^ noen were engaged in tha 
.-: — , endeavouTB to provide against caaualties which the oul- 



borst of a twuiest is very apt to arouse the thought of. The deck 
was a Bceae of orderlv coafuuoai everj man occap^ing hia propac 



314 T 

pogitiou. At tbe vheel etood r nuddle-mzed Tonng .man, o£ Gür hair 
and complexion, evideaüj an Englishman, in the nndreaa unifiam of 
a naval officer. He was, at the same time, steering, asd ginng hia 
Orders, while tfae master, Monsieur Froutüi, — « Frencbman, one c^ 
thoee men vho cany on, uutil the last moment, with a speäes of 
Datch Courage, which, ouce OTercome, their presenoe of miiid is entirely 
gone, — was etanding still, aghost, and, for the moment, helpless. In 
cansequence of thia error of character in the master, the etonn had 
Struck the brig with all aails set, and though the halliards had been 
bU let go, the gquare mnini mil hauled up, and every rag of camvas ßxp- 
ping abont in the furious blast, ;^t so great was the force and Tioteace 
of the wind, t^t, close-hauled as tbej bad been, had they not instantia, 
before its füll fury reached them, sqnared the jards, Öiere had been 
HO hope, eapecially as ehe was not qoick enongb in obejing the hehn; 
when the otgect was to shake her, ^e would not come up, thongh ibe 
wbeel was hard down, ontil the forious blast was perhaps ahated. 

We Step on the quorter-deck jost as the haUiards are let go, Üw 
men staadiug hy the main rigging awaiting Orders, the master looking 
anxiously at Captain Downing — bis passenger, who had been allowed 
to take conunond, pro tempore, of the vessel. 

" Up, you boys," Said he, after an instant's pause, during whicli he 

resigned the wheel to the master, and awaited the result of a mad 

plunge isto a deep and bollow wave, tbat appeared to shake the very 

masts ont of her; " up, boys, aud furl the top-^llant sails! Tou Edwards, 

atow the flying-jib and fore-topmaat staysuL Up, my lads, and close reef 

the topsails! Bear ahand, orwe shall bare them hlownaway. HoUoa! 

you doctor!" addressing the cook, who was busUy engaged about the 

galley, doing nothing; "clear away the tbwart halliards and peak hal- 

I liards. Cut tbat euchanted yam. We muat bare out the close-reefed, 

I boom msinsail, Mr. Frontin, to keep her up, and thus clear the land, 

äiough I scarcely think she will live close-hauled. It is of no use 

I heaving her to; we should drift on shore in no time with this sea on. 

Hanl out weD there to leeward, you on the main-topsail yardl By 

George! it pipes a trifle,"adde)l he, as a heavy puff, fordng up ahuge 

sea, they simiiltaneously Struck the vessel, which, broaching to, lümost 

lay over on her beam ends, to the great inconvenience and düiger of 

> the men on the yard. 

" Ton, cook, and you, Mr. Simcox," addressing the mate, " come 

' here and let us haul taut this weather clew-game^ the mainsiül is 

ahaking topieces. Furl the mainsaill" contiuued he, in s loud and 

authoritativfl totc^ addressiiig those who, havingconcluded their diare 

I of the work aloft, were Coming down the rigging. 

In about twenty minutes from the commencement of the atorm 
ereiTthiag was all " right and strught," os Brother Jonathan would 
I expreea it. Tbe top-gaUant sails were snugly furled, as well oa the 

oourses; the flying-jib and staysail carefully stowed.the topsails close- 
I reefed, wben it was instantly decided to haul up close on a wind, with 

! the larboord tacks aboard, and endeavoor-to gain the open sea, and thus 

I avoid Aquodtlla Point, into whicb tbey were now msbing, or, rather, 

I into the very bay above alluded to. The whole surface of tbe heavens 

I was now black with clouds; the sea, gaining atrength erery instant, had 

I risen to a tremendous fury; tbe ahort, broken waves, combing up when 

I thus near the loud, were cast with almost üreststible fury over the 

j brig's decks, rendering oll the necessary mauceuTres almost im- 

I 
I 



THE HCBBASD MALOBB I.m. 215 

posrible. Often when sntig on shore, revieving in my mind the 
wrrorfl of the wtve, the prodigions force of the ytind, and all the 
ftccompanTing horrOTB of a slorm, I con ecarc«!^ too mnch admir« the 
skiU and cool coarsge of the sulor, wfao, amidst all this, does hü dutj, 
uidtrastsin Providence and the goodnesa of hisahip. Thenproar — the 
wind howling like nud demons in the rigging, whistling through the 
trembling cati — tbe creaking of the stnüned timbers, as they are 
strack b; hesv; seas — the wUd and scamperiog clouds alon — the boU- 
ing and angry deep below — the bare, naked masts and jarda — the ahip 
itself Ajing through the fierce element, — oll these thinga were present 
to OUT hero'fi mind, but though a^oung man, Downing was not braving 
the stormy ocean for the first time, and he did not heatate more than 
an instant. 

" Starboard sheets stand hj to hanl — larboard slieets let go — port a 
little, port — haul aft yonr atarboard sheets — hard a>slarboard your heim. 
I sa7, haul np your peak halliards — so ! so !" And the gallant little brig 
Aew, her one ride bare to the wind, her other deep in the water, in the 
required direction. Aqoadilla was eoon neared, but it was iDStantly 
apparent that on this tack she woold not fetch round. Downing was 
prepared, and thongh, with such a tremendous sea on, it was a highly 
dangerouB experiment, yet knowing the good qualities of the craft, he 
detemüoed to try her on the other tack, and then again retum to 
her present course. 

"Ready about!" he exclümed, and tlie men were instantly at their 
varions stations. 

" Täcks and sheets!" and the little amount of sail to be managed 
was ready, 

" Helm's a-lee!" he shouted, as Monsieur Frontin put bis wbeel hard 
down; the brig came up, the sails shook, shegot etem-way in her, and 
<!ontrary to the master's opinion, did not miss stays. 

■' Moinsails let go and haul! over with the trie-rail boom!" and the 
main-yards swung round, followed in an instant by the bead-yards, bot 
withont the same success, as the fore-lopmast cracked and went orer 
the side, carrying with it the whole for^ails and rigging. 

All impe of keepiDg off a lee shore was now of course gone, aad the 
brig, of necessi^, ander her close-reefed main-topsail, was put right 
before tbe wind, and steered headlong for tbe buch. The sky had 
cleared a trifle, though tbe stonn raged with ungbated fury, and as 
Cu>tain Downing again took the wheel, having first told each man to 
look out for himself, he cast his eyes anziously around to eelect the best 
Spot for running the brig ashore. A party of negroea and one or two 
white persons were Standing on the kind of lawn which sloped down 
from Don llendoza's house, and Downing noticed with interest, even 
at that moment, an elegantlyliabited fcmale amongst them. Tbe 
beach, near the spot where thcy stood, wss evidently that best fitted to 
«nsure their safety, at least, so thougbt our friend, and he strore, might 
and main, to steer for that place. The serf ran, it is tme, tremen- 
dously high, bnt still thero were mony reasons which rendered it very 
fär from doubtfnl that their life might be spared. The whole of the 
crew, iocluding the master, stood near the forecastle hatch, anxiously 
preparing for tho approaching struggle, and watching the cbaracter ö! 
the coast with inlense anxiety. The beach was, Inckily, somewhat 
bluff, a> tho bowBprit actually protruded over land, wfdcb, though 
not dry, was only wet by the surf dashing itself 07er it. 



GEBMANT AHD ITALT .• 

Thb widow of Ihe pMt, y«t not aolely living notier the Amäow at \ät gni 
■BIO», nvüitiof the oonntiT where she left the mortal lemaiiu of tbias nud 
beloved — husband and children — is s [ncture iull of Md reminiBceocM, bot 
enlivened In tUs cue hy Üie presence lU a son, whoM opemng career ^XÜe 
jaatbrigfatenliigtbeMiIiCades and Btmggles of the past Into pnwmsM affaq>f»«c 
dafs, made flw intellect nnnUe tfaat a new genaittoD hid spmi^ Dp MBoe 
'giaTca opened m tbe pkth of life, and an>ui«d freqneot and atroog tympathiei 
irith the Aitnra. 

Hn. Sbelief ii a tntTeUer by feeUng, aa well aa hj e^Mrieou ; ibr a nd 
b&TeUw can no more be mada than a poet. It n a Ujthng^t, whicti gi?ea to 
one penoD a little in miny cotmtries. The path fbllowed maj be one «dl- 
beaten, and aßen timeraed, by people of all kinde of sentimEmt and pennaäaaa, 
tar BD many men, ao inaDT opiiiioDa ; bnt a traveller, wortby of tßst name, ü 
indilfemit to tbat wmuämäibu maleria vhicfa appab Ute crowd, aod ceof^i, 
hf the power of originali^, tiew fermi and oew featnrea vpon the mot 
*«™il™'' olgwta, and nnden wbat ia a aolitnde to manj, initiiict witk life aad 

It u a pririkge to be allowed to emigrate in mch good coiDpaiij. " I fBet 
ft good deal of the ^pay Coming upon me," says the aiiiiid>le antfaor, " aaw 

that I am leaving Paria Among acquüntance, in the everj-day scenea et 

life, want of means bringt witb it niortificatioii, to embitter stifl more the per- 
petual neceasitf of aelf-denial. In Bodetj jou are wägfaed with otacn 
according to jour eitrinaic posiesBioDS — yoxar income, fonr caDnezioca, jmr 
poailjon, niake all the weight— -von jonräelf are a mere feather in tbe sci^e^ 
But wbat are tbese to nie dow r M;- bome b the readiest meana of «oaTer- 
■nce I can commaodi, or the inn at wbicb I sball remain at night ; my (nuj 
acqusintance, the companiona of mj wanderings ; the Single burineM of mj 
life to enjov tha paEsing acene." 

Very bitter, but very trne. The ancients were not wrong when they 
amerted, tbat he spends bis life most advantageously wbo, from the cndle to 
the grave, passes it in priTaey. Not privacy from natnre, for onr antbor it 
iiill ofaympathie«withthe eitemal worid. " (jod," afae says, " faas not redaced 
OUT dwellinK-place, as piuitani woold bis, to a bare meetioK-hooae :" "Ihe 
beauty of tne creation makes ns fall of gratitnde and love fbr the Creator-" 

Tbe poth fallowed by Mn. Shelley and her companions is wro a troddeo <Hie. 
It was not eo much so in 1840. They attuned the Khine by tbe windiog 
Uoselle, whose sluKgish watera were not then dUturbed by the ncHsy paddles 
of ateamboats ; and a lest was tben added to a voyage then nnfaackneyed by 
othen, and henoe aooompaoied by a dash of uncertainty and tbe smae ÖC 
»DTelty. 

The Rhino waiaacendedtoUayenoe; Baden-Baden was ri*chedbyFraiik- 
fort, Heidelberg, and Carlsruhe ; the HoUenthal and the Swartiwud (" the 
Gemums," eays Mts. Shelley, "know how to give the gloiy of spirit-stirring 
names to their Valleys and theii forests, very di^reot Irom tbe Little Wonm, 
B ainddy creek of'^ America") led the way to Schaffbansen ; and the Alpa, 
whicb are only looked npon by the author as " tbe barriers to Italy," are 
oroBsed bv the Bptugen, tili the lake of Como b gained, and tbere tbe pwty 
raat awhiU. 

Od loch a joorney it wai ahnoat impoisible to discorer anythtng new. Tbe 
mined cattle» and tbeir ramparti were ai extensive and as maiettio aa ever ; 
and the antique spires and Gothic abbeys spoke of the aame princely clergy; 
laticies were shadowy, precipices beetling, hills toner-crowned, aod muis 
jnctuTesqne ; but where every naioe u the title of a votume of romance, tbere 
wasnopoesibility of dra^ng from Bome hitherto onexplored nook, eren a 
fragment which nad novetty to boait of; eqoally imposeible wns it to inveat a 
new term for Heidelberg ; or not to find rotige tt noir at Badm- Baden ; ar to 



OBUUHT AXD ITJU.T. 217 

Deen doiw bj tbe myitic nünd dnt dwelb winm ^ mn ihimiiiiiw Bntin 
«sekai^ tlun k « toae «nd ftelio^ s nuMMr m wtiA oLi «od AoiEiar 



integmt w«d frcduM«. ''Wbat 

Mtutte af tbow «nifflUiiig nuB« 

. ttat «f die wnwi),to bopt, to 

Vtry (Am, not iMTiiigcoiMgh «f UM snt in 



Indl nMoonmtwnoftbenMawMinri ttat «f die wnwi),to bopt, 
Imt, to »7, taito anbroUar. Tcrjr oft«*, not bkTingcoiMgh «f tiM ftnt in 
" Miw>l«c«n«<f dMirmitcDo», tli«^ oo^rimd a liWe incva, wUch M to 
KTtn «naati^ flf ife Moond uid thml ingrediBBti «f diek liVw, aod in dw 



ÜM^" ■mdwaatkoT, "diddie inrirnt ■"*— *"*i''^* at tbow «mraUing 

tonr, 

mutitn 
B «rtn ^naati^ «f ife Moond 
^id to maBT m Krierow ti^edf . WayrnTJ Imman natnr» will rehd ^ 
Bental olo^. We maat act, toAr, or «ijof ; ordw wontof allb 
•nn — nch mdMi »gaaj ai ddpoeti igured bb beftlUng a liriiw Mol { 

aooedio the barii of a tree. We an not bMU oabfaagaa. Hie ndf o „ 

■t Iwme fi>r her bnafaaod, eitber qmked for Sets, or rdie*«d du tediam 3t 
protreoted abaenc« aa sbe baat migh^ too bq^j i£ death or a dugecoi wece 
«ot the Tcmlt" 

Tbe icaidenee «n tbe Aarm of die lake of CcaBO, odunriie a mingled «ceae 
€f mainuoeDaca and plaatnrable eojojinvita, wai reoderad (onitfwbat diitwM 
jtfg by a oarioai circiuiutafica. ^oudk Sbelley and bis ooUesüte fricnda bad 
KMcted tfaif not «benin to punue ti^ etnoUa, aa accanut of Ibeir paiaiDti 
tu water. AU die l^es in the lootlwra ilopee «f tbe Alf», from tbat of 
Comg to Lago di Garda, 

" te Lari Maxiaw, tegoe 
Flaetiba M ^erinlQ Amirgm, Bcbib, Jbciao?" 

have a tad renown from mediaeral and taare remoto ümm fbr wreck and 
danfrer. It ii not (UTpming that after tbe irreparable loas whlcb Urs. 
BbelJey once auitained from a limilar cause, that loe sbould od thia occaaion 
tiare re-eiperienoed manj apjn'elieniioaa. " One whoae Ufe," she uyt, " has 
been «tained hy tragedjr, cao never regain a bealthj tone of mind — if it 
be hsaltby, that u, cooKount to tbe law* of hnman life — not to fear for thoee 
Ire loTB. The light skifF selected hy jonng Sbellej becarae a blot upon tbe 
■nr&oeoftheotherwiaebeauteonslalie, whichit once took Bwarroore thanh^ 
Iti charau. Tlie fint nirht of her arri*«!, the autbor write», " It ii night ; die 
»ky ia dark ; the wsTei laih the shore. I praj that no rain arising from that 
&tal riemeat ma^ befkl me bere." The evening the boat arrived was one of 

Cand •bnddering. She is, however, aa osu^ on aach occaaioni, «colded 
her iqjprehauüans, geta into the boat herself, and ii twice nearlj unet, 
CQ at length her heart ii rejtüced hy the boat being taken away a Uttla 
beftire their depaiture, bappilv leaving them all scatEeless. Nbeet etnpta 
dolore voUftat : " Fleaaurei Dongfat at the expeoae of pain are not worth the 



Fleaaore b an afaatract feeliog, mado up of ao manj little miniatering cauies, 
fliat it b not BUiprhing if TAn. Shelley'« feeling* were itrongl v pre-engaged in 



iaronr of Italv and of the Italiaoa. Affer the ascent up the bleak, bare, nortbem 
Swiaa nde of an Alp, the descent into veraal Italy is coropared to the opening 
of the eye« of a «ünt, after dreary old sge and tbe «icknesi of death, in Fara- 



n the ascent (retuming) of the SimploD abe could find no reliah 
fbr the aceoery, becauae " the nonea' heada were tumed the wron^ way." 
** Snroly, on earth," «be exclainu, " there b no pleature (eicepting that de- 
rived from moral good) «o great aa lingering, during the xm shadea of an 
Itdii^ «vening, aurronndea hy all the beautr of an Italian fautdaci^, 
abeitered by the pure radiance of an Italian sky I Nor u her «ithniiaam in 
&votir of the Itafiana themselvea mach leas fervent, although tenipered brjnat 
and trae view* of their actoal, moral, intellectual, and political condition. 
"Ikirethe Italiaual" ehe eicUima, in the warnith of her heart "Itisim- 
laaible to lire among tbem and not Iure them. Their hxMi are many— -die 
«Ita of the oppreued — tove of pleaaure, dUregard of trath, indolentre, and 
Tiolence of temper." And ebewhere she say», "I have »poken in praiae of 
Um Italian« ; but yon maat not im^ne that I would einlt tbem to an unr«al 
iMight— that were to ahew tbat misrule uid a miaguiding religion were no 
erw. It is when I sec what theae people are — and from their inteUigenoe, 



srälu 



218 GEBXAHY AMD ITALT. 

Hiür MndtiTe «rganiation, «od iwtiTe grace, I gatber wbtt tite^ mig^ ^»— 
tiuit I moani otet man'« lost state in tbis conntry ." 

Ott tbe occiüoD of Üie Balaequeut viih mtäe to Itklf , in 1M2 lod^lS, tbe 
literatare and present condition of the countiy are enteräd ddod witb more de- 
tail, And £11 MTenl enterbuning and imtmctiTe ch^itora of Uie sftcond Tolome. 

The Utter peregrinatioD b penued in a verj diffeient tone to tbe fint Tbe 
jorotuneu deiived from die coinpamonship of yoath, and eren from the pro- 
miies id the future, ^^ais to be altogether damped bj sickness and nervoos 
deapondency, and thers ia mach greater faatidiouaneaa in regard to tbe creatore 
comibrte. UdC this last jouraev is b j far the most comprehensive, and ia, in 
many pdrts, more maturely and more carefully brought ont It comprises 
Bavana and iti watering places, Weimar and ita poets Rraves, Berlin and ita 
fraUenes, Dresden and its coUections, Frague and its wud legeods, Lintx and 
Saltaburg — in our ideaa, imperiectly underetood— the Tyrol, and renüniscenoes 
of tbe immortal Hofer, Venioe, Florence, and Rtyme. 

Deep M U our suthor's love of natuie, tbe great crefttions of ort enshrined 
in tbe citieg bere mentioned are tbe ineibaustible welb irom whenoe ifae 
dnwB for long and ht^piljr descriptive materials. Mrs. Sbellej diaclaima 
pTetenaions to connoiaseurship ; nor jet does she lay claim to tb^ untansfat 
uutinct vbicb aajs, " I do not Icnow wbat is called good ; but I know wW 
pleases me." Sbe believe» good taste, in matters of ait, to result &om natnral 
powers, joined to familiaiitj witb the best productionB ; and sbe bas an omnioB 
of her own, venturing to dtSer witb Sir Joshua Bejnoldi in tbe quesboa of 
colour f. drawing ; and still more especially does abe love to dtrell witb the 
Tapt poetrr of tfaose reli^oua paintings whicb, in tbe Bomish churcb, concen- 
trate, vivily, and eialt Hie faitb of intellectuäl woisbippera, wbateTer they 
may do to tbe uneducated image-adoren. 

Mrs. Sbelley's admiration ia raised to ita hiebest by the contemplation of tbe 
{resco of Leonardo di Vinci. " How vain," she eiclaima, " are copies ! Kot 
in one, nor in an j pnnt, did I ever see the sligbteat approacb t« the expresmoiu 
in our Saviour's face, such as it is in the original. Majestj and love — tbese 
«re the words that would describe it— joined to an absence of all goile, tliat 
expresses the divine Dature more visibly tban I ever saw it in any other picture." 
We participate partly in tbese high encomiams of a now foding fresco ; and 
ve know that, in the Crbta Dellä Moneta, of Titian, in the Dresden gallery, 
that notbing is wanting in tbe eipression of gentteneas, resignation, love, and 
eufitring ; but still we are much incllned to tbink tbat we possess in tbe 
Cartoons of Raphael one of the most perfect representations of our Savionz 
which piety, üded by genius, ever achieved. No doubt, no fear, no care, no 
auriet^, no reproof, ia in that face, but tbe muaic inspired by the certwnty of 
the tnumpbs whicb tbe scheme of divine benevolence is to effect through 
the danntless exertiona of the lovely little band before him, breatbes witb nn* 
alloyed sublimity from an almost faultless countenance and gently-opened lipa. 

Our notice of this work, embfacing so niany dilferent subjects, is neceesanly 
brief— a toucbstone notice, ratber than a real aoolysb^but we feel peisuaded 
that it is sufficient to induce those wbo bave already travelled the eame palh 
ti Mrs. Shelley to retrace tbeir steps in such Eensible and ngreeable Company, 
and tbat thoee who have not yet visited the same reatms of intellectuäl enjoy* 
ment will be allured away by tbese sweetly-reSective pages. 



TA« Land ofPromüe. A Tale. Written in aid of tbe Sunt Ann's Society. 
By the Baronesa de Calabrella. 8vo. pp. 92.— A labour of love— otad, not 
in the sober-colonred garments of cbarity, but in sutnptuous clotblng of blue 
and gold — -places ittelf evidently beyond tiie pale of ordinary ciiticism. üie 
" Land of Fromise " it an abstract idea of wbat tbb World could be rendered, 
8n[)poaing every action to be regulated in anticipation of that rapid and final 
renew u all past transaetions, wbieh is supposed to flit before tbe mind 
previous to diüolution. The reader is ingeniously seduced to contamplate 
ordinary life under such a philcetnihical aspect, by a pleasiog and aimple tale, 
woven, witb tbe accomplisbed authoreas'a cuttonuuy skiU, into the OHsal whidi 
>he design« to convey. 



THE GIPSIES' TEÄGEDT. 

A TALK OP WELSH HAULET HISTOST. 

BT JOSEPH DOWREa. 

PAKT I. THB TXIAL8 OF LYDIA COOKBE. 

Webe we to imagine cerUun spote of conntry to be aboriginally de- 
«igned ftS coverts for the world'a wooderera, oonunoiilj called gipde^ 
there U one wild and eavage-fcatured valley in Sontb Wales which 
might seem expressly ada^ted to iheir wiuits, aa the rock rec«as to 
the eagle'a eyrie, it ia cslted Cwm CoAejf — a beautiful winding dole 
embosaming the pnstond river Cothey, Carmarthenshire. And it so 
h^pens, that a y oung beauty of that wandering tribe (becoming 
tn^callj famoua in our ruatic annala) haa taken a name from tbis 
Alpine dell, and in retum bestowed a local celebrit; on its aolitude. 
Lydia Ceombe ia the Anglidsed name of thia unfortunato gipey 
heroine^ derived from the wonl dorn (a valley), prononnced Coran-^ 
vhence the more common proper name Coombe, \tj which she ia 
known, ahe having been bom in thia vale. 

The £lther of this giri was known by the name of the "gipey giant," 
and long made hia haunt of thia aequeetered neighbourhood. He nae 
a man of great personal strength and beauty, and poaseased a mind 
pei'tiaps of natural powers almost equal to hia bodilj; but evil possions 
had driven him from out the pale of aociety at firet, and the wild 
Kberty of houselesa lifc congenial to bis nature, had permanentlj 
attacbed him to its habits. He vae accompanied bj a wretched, 
faded, bat still beautiful woraan, evidentlj not of the tawnj fratemit)*, 
for she was fair in spita of sun and atorm; and it was whiapered, 
had " ruahed madly from her aphere," (one of no mean order,) 
cbarmed by the gtoong tongne and noble form of her gipsy aeduoer. 
However this was, ehe soon ezpiated her frailtj (for she had forsaken 
a buaband) bj death ; Samson, aa he was called, atriking her a fatal 
blow in an ungovemable passion. Friortotbis, adarkmmonrhadmn 
among the cottagera that he had murdered a child with which ahe had 
preaent«d him, before the period that rendered hü paternity certain. 
In the doubt of this, her savage seducer had conceivnd a hatred of the 
innocent infant, as pouibfy the ofTapring of the husband she had for- 
sakeo; and this hatred it appeared ho had gratified bj its destmctirai. 
Some threat on her part, of denouncing him to J uatice, it was beliered, 
led to the murderoua act. Standing, tearteas, over the corpee of the 
unhappy woman, Ijing at the tent's mouth, aflcr aubmittiog himself to 
the l^al power, while the infant Lydia (the aecond and undoubted 
frnit of their guilly union) lay crjring within, the aavage father thua 
flddressed bis fareweU to a boy aboat thirteen years old, who waa 
trying, antidst all Ms grief and terror, to padfj the motberteas litt!« 
one — bis half-aiater: — 

" Boy, if I escape the ^bbet far thia, (for it can't be wilfnl murder 
— it was all passion,) I ahall come back to you yet, afler some aereo 
or fourteen yeara. For this helpleas little wreich do yoar best to 
keep her alivej and if jou eannot, knock her od the head, or plonge 
ber into one of the dark poob here. Don't let me find h«r, if I tioM 



290 THB aOttOK THA.GBDT. 

letura, wting worUiotUB bread, or drudging Hke « al&re fbr bread u I 

lütter— the wagee of her sUrery. Bring her i^ « gipVi »r Ut her 
£e. You are « good boy, sid cfenr. Go oa ba^et-nuking, and 
Btick to the ipots wfaere tbe oaien are plen^, aad the gieftt maheB 
that we maks txpen of ; joa can b«g the housutold grease, and these 
Cothey herdsnen have aott keatte eaeugb, and wiQ not be niggard of 
milk and meal for the poor baby , (700 miut always Ulk of her to the 
«•M*.) Shiin the cnräed dty, and hard-hearted towalblk, and make 
jroiw hraiin ttf this Hne greensHard and livtx bank. Ihe^h tiat 
wreteked womaB," pointing to the dead, " ww the cause of tUs faad 
tum, bj her aolky müeiy, that maddaied me, and hf her *""'*i"g ae , 

dKMtueehild «e lwt~cuTse her white lace^ and th&bour Ifirataa« | 

it I I aaj, wkalerer 700 mtgftd towaris ker — «en» to pitf hw, and j 

kDwew you may pity me^ sent over the eeas for ene Uo« tso haid, | 

mtm to hate me." 1 

Um seUah sayage forgot hinuelf for one miaute in parting titim the I 

bogr — Ua &TOQrite diild, as being the ofl^ning oC hia firat and od^ 
md paanon. The mother had died in gning him birth. riaHhii^ of 
one tear that gatbered in hia eye, wbUe the boy hung oa hia fettötd 
kaad, the Mob forsocJc the teot and Tale for the gaal, theie to await 
judgment and retribudon for hia crime. His doom waa traoaportatian 
forliJe. 

The yoiu^ ^ Gilbert fnlfilled the port of both parenta to the de- 
solate orphan of the tent and scditary dale. While he panoed. thrae 
■ia^e tradea «hieb these aingular people pwitiae, thu most Londj 
ohild of that tcmelj region — the forsakeu Lydia, lay liateaing in tke 
Btäl Boon-day fi>r her heif-lwother'B step, wonld cr&wl when of sbcngtk 
nffideat, to the tent's mouth, to gather the cowslips er harebeUs ^at 
■fa:ing proüisely in the shdter of the lofty waUs of rocks, there 
H[iriitrinil with many-ctdoored mosses, and affording growth to orer- 
bÜgiDg trees. Every eeho of a herdsman's voice high up in the 
grecn ehasuB, calling acroes to a<xne diepherd 01 cabin, made her 
naall heart palpitate with expeetation of that only human being ske 
beard or saw, by ni^t or day, unless when some cuiious cottager 
wonld iteal to the teut, kiss and pity the little infant-bermit, who on^ 
^mpt with disappointment at the Strange face and onwelcome anui. 
Sodt visitors oÄen brought her milk, and tha finer oaten cake, aad 
lefl wool f<v her softer bedding at night. 

The fond and faithfnl brother, as she grew t^der, was often aeen 
bcaring her at his back to diatuit spots where materials for his trade 
were to be sotight, that he might enjof her society, and abe bis. 13x 
earliest efiörts at qieech were tanght by him; to him addressed, while 
he aat plaiting rushea or oeiers by the romantic rirer. The simpie 
bouaewivea of the lofty white cottage farmhonsed, dotting the greea 
preeipices all abont, became fondly attached to thia remarkable bof, 
al ooec &ther, mother, and fbndest brother to this moet forloni, olher' 
wiwi of infanta. She grew mwe and more atriking for boauty, aad 
obtiüned the name of " the beauty of the ewm." 

'llMt beauty, after some sixteen yeara, attriicted the eyes of a youth 
behmging to a tribe of gipaiea located on Üie other side of the vast boik, 
formlng uue barrier of her native Valley; and Lydia, fbr the firat time, 
)«,uiim1 to look with anxiouB longing for another form than that o£ 1^ 
UlVa MUiftanion— ^ker heart'a brother — her düldhood's nune. 



THB GIPnBa' T&AOEDT. 221 

^te tisw cmme, when looking np at Ülobc heigfatSt abont tvili^t, 
dn mtdwd na olgect more welcome to her joiuig vjta than the 
■paride of the enmng star, tben flnt aeen ta the pale Utie of a fadti^ 
daj of Bommer^—the Agare of her bcJoved Dewvititor, in her brother's 
abeeace, the gipej Ikj Zefbaiäah, in k^ diatance appearing over the 
rock ridge, and meditating hie Bteep descent to the belored tent. 

Tbe ptHioDi of those little snbjected to conrentioosl forau, Kke 
thew a^-oatlawed people, bnxA not long ddaj. The jouth presaed 
faer to name a daj for their marriaget nn- did her heart lag bdund Ins 
in wiahea, except from her reluctance to admit another there, who 
might seem to lesaen the ezdnmTe hold her desr brother had posaeaaed 
an its whole affectimB so long. While she eoj\j dallied with hia im- 
patience, ntther than resisted it, a terrible trial awaited her. Ooe 
evening he mjsterioDsly infonned her tbat he had been " in danger, 
bot «acaped •" aod hiä arch eyea asked Bjmpath; in thia his good 
fortmie, which howerer involved some fearful aecret. He had entered 
the amall farmhouse of aa old conple, repnted ridi, to obtain gcäA, " to 
make merrj," aa he aaid, " on their wedding-daj." 

Tbe fanner, it sppeared, was waking when the robber beliered hira 
aale^ and raiaed an outcr;', which he, in the wild cmelt^ (^ fear— «o 
(hat first oocaaitMi of peril of life^ from diacoveiy— «appreaäed by Ti<rfeiit 
UowB. A light buming in the Chamber revealed lua featurea to tbe 
aged wife, and he " miased the gold at laat," he aud. And whence his 
eac^w? Throogh the apprehension and committal for trial of another 
gipsy, to whoee identi^ both Bufferers swore. And it was in thit 
criid exnltadon that the ruffian dared to ask the sjmpathj x^ the yet 
innocent girL Bnt ahe had been bred in the life, without the lawleas 
habits of the common gipay, companioning with inanimate and innoeent 
tliinga — with flowers, aod birds, and lambs — and dinmk from tlie 
«mlwace of tboae infaninan arms, lately raised agatnat feeble age and 
innocence. 

" Wonld to God I had died before tbis day!" ahe aobbed, in the 
agony of her hear^a revolted feelinga, recoiling frcHa him she ao foikUy 
lored, and had esteemed; "died, and never known — never dreamed 
tiiat yon eotitd have dcme thial" 

"And thit ia your love for im/" he exclaimed. "Ton woold 
ratber I should anffer than another — a stranger? I have tnuted my 
life in yoor handa, aod yon will betray me if I don't prevent you. 
Ncm, by Biy aonl, Fll never aee you more! To be aafe, I mtist foiaake 
auch B " 

"Oh,8top! — oh, noT ahe cried, wringing her hands. "Thongb 
you seem no longer the some you were, nor I to myself, but a wretcbed 
and a wicked girl, knowing thia ahocking thing ; yet, as my betraying 
yon conld not undo the wrong yon have done to those poor <)IA aools, 
nor save that poor creatore miataken for yon, (for I being bnt a poor 
gipsy girl, who would believe me?) though I woold have died to save 
tbem — to aave yoor soul alivei yet now, I promisG " 

Laughing by an effort, he denied ttie trath of hia tale, and restored 
peace to the poor giri'a heart, in that moment of its deadly sinking. 
Clasping him paaBionately, ahe playfully brought «ver her beautifnl 
neck the arm ahe had instinctively thrown off, on the dreadful an- 
noimcanent of liia crime, and fbndÜngly replacing heraelf within tbe 
fold of his embrace, as a bird resuming the oovert of ite nest, ahe «z< 



tu TBE OIPSIBB' TBAOEDT. 

pRwed aO the r^itore ehe feit at agün feding him her " own," as Ae 
nid, " her own mnoeentT and vowed tlwt hadthe ead tale been triK, 
sever coald elie h&ve been aiding in bringing him to justice, ercn 
althongfa her dlence bad connived at the nnjost deatli of an innocent 
man. Ä fatal tow, the rashness of whioh was to be proved <» the 
morrow. 

On thot morrow, news of the crime, and of the death of the besten 
man, and capture of a gipsj found near the premieea, reached the 
homlet CgKml Caio, near the Cothey Vale; and ere long, ehe aaoei^ 
tained thot this unfortunate person, who so etrikingly reaembled her 
lover, the real culprit, that two persons ewore to bis identit^ oe the 
offender, was no other than her dear fatber-brotber, her life'a com- 
panion and protector, Gilbert ! 

A fearful trial for the bosom of pasuooate, tender, inexperienced 
äxteen! Abrotheror aloverwaa to be sacrificed for the other'a eake^ 
and bjT her formal actl — her information before a justice in the dii- 
tant countrj town, of the confession of the mnrderer — a confesmon 
made in trueting love to her and ber alone! Young as be was, äiat 
lover was a character of deep gnile, one well versed in the female 
heart, and instinctively leamed in all the sophistry which self-Iove aad 
love combined can weave like a net for the perdition of a souL He 
»Towed his rcsolution to save her brother, bj aurrendering himself to 
justice ; he " would release her brother," lie said, " and send Ami to 
to be her comforter, if, indeed, she needed coniforting nnder hit fate — 
a welcomer companion of her future days tbat brother tban be, her 
lover," — And these words he knew would be torture to her heailv 
terrible to ber imagination — the self-sacrifice he promised, of itself 
almost ezpiating bis fault, to her fond fancy, and rendering the loBS <^ 
him still more insupportablc. 

Sfeanwhile days foUowed days; cut off by mountains from the eon- 
verse of others, ehe leamed the time of the dreaded assize from her 
lover'a information enly, and still just settlng out on her dismal travd, 
still delaycd ita commencement, etill reproaching hergelf for leaviog 
her brother — and such a brother — to die! — oh, no, not to <Äe — eodi 
thonght nerer found eotrance, if it were ever whispered bj some £end 
to ber nnbappy heart — but to languish a day , an hour, in prison, and she, 
knowing bis innocence, yet deferring to testify thereto! She set forth 
at last Could she refuse to him — hier lover — who bad so few days to 

Ij^e who was ahout to devote bis life to the salvation of anotbers — 

conld she in mercj refuse her society to bim duriug that joumej? 

Tbey approached the town. It was Sunday; and the gaily-attired 
townspeople, Walking out for air in a golden evening, formed a striking 
contraet to Üie dusty, wayworn appearance of this singular poir. In a 
kmelv l»»^ "^ *^^ outskirts, he suddenly stopped, and tumed oa her« 
feOB pol« with fuiy, and maligoantlj tritunphing in the melancbdj 
—„Msicm of hers. Pwnting to a dislont dead wall, made visihle by 
^^„«level beams ol' the setting sun — " Do you see that high build- 

- '^^e inQui"*^ "rtot is the gaol, my love! — the shambtes where 

""^ kmosW lewäi^E me as a lamb to the alaughter! My Lydia 

^"^ *^ 77 Ilmm that I am yet to live a little longer — that the 
'^ ^'^f^v/L Miftrdqr .' Find what barn or hoilow tree thou like«t 
***'*^,™*'^%,lT^k)dginK, love, and to-morrow, perhapa, wo shall 



:ja9pB& 



]^ vanished. 



THE OIFBIE^ TBAGIDT. 223 

'Stnnned in mind, and wom ont vith fatigae, the anbappy girl, 
ctratched under a loadj oak ftll night, at last feil a«leep. Astoniabed 
M the deathlike aleep um could hardly ahake off, and at the late hour 
to which it had been prolooged, on waking, ehe Baw the sim, like a 
great fire^lobe, glaring through a dense fog, and heard the buzz of 
manj people crotsing the top of the green laue where she had been 
^ing. She followed, half conscious of some impending horror, and 
fi>and heraelf soon before a scaSbld, erected against the priBon-wall, 
in the midat of a dumb, mwe-stricken crowd, gazing np at a convict, in 
grave-clothea, tbat moment come forth to die. No eooner bad the 
snfierer cast hia e^e on the orb which he was never to see set agun, 
than he exclaimed, stretchitig both anna towards its magnified disk, as if 
it had been the tctt eje of that God to whom he appealed from Man — 

" Innocent, by God! By the Grod who aees me die, I die innocent! " 
And a female volce, terrible from the agony its tones betrayed, re- 
eohoed hia cry — "Innocent, innocent!" and in a moment, the exquisite 
fignre of the gipsy girl, whose beauty and aymmetry not all the nild 
desperation of geatures and looka could destroy, waa aeen stniggting 
thiough the crowd, to reach the foot of the scoffold; and all the whil^ 
her eyes being riveted on her brothcr, the priest, and the executioner, 
she continued to exclaim, as the buri^-serrice proceeded — " Stop that 
dmdful man in black! — etop his mouth! — snatch hia book! Will 
they bnry him'alive? Help me, some dear Christian souI, to climb to 
him! Murder, murder! " ahe ahrieked, as the execntioner drew down 
the dreadfnl cap (sad mockery of comibrt assodated with ideaa of re- 
pose and the night that will pau ateay t), and placed in the dyjng 
man's hand aomething which he might throw down, aa a aignal of hia 
readineas to depart — it was a _^oir«r/— {atill sadder desecration of 
gentle aympothiea and pleasant associations of thought!) Then, having 
tried to climb by one pole of the scaffolding, nnd being gently drawn 
back by the bystonders, who wbispered, " The poor wretch'a aweet- 
beut! " ahe cried ont — " A curse upon the aouls of all who binder 
mel A crown in hearen for him who helpa me aave him — my 
brotberl — my dear, my innocent!" And, by an aatonishtng effort, 
in a nünute more, ehe had clambered, with the agiUty of a wild cat 
or tigrete, above the reach of those below, and presented her pathetic 
fiace. white even to the Ups, and still aweet in all that ghastJiness of 
horror, joat above the scaSöld-floor, stortliog the functionariea present, 
and, aa it were, recalling to the world he had already parted from in 
■oul, the nnhappy victim of a fatal personal likencaa and raab wit- 
neawB. Roused by the unuaual commotion, he slowly, and like on^ 
nnwillingly redsting, wished-for sleep, pnshed up the c^ from his 
•yes, and saw his sister — bis gvüty, ungrateful aister! — such to hia 
thooghta, for obscure rumours had reached him in prison, that ahe 
was reveUing in guilty pleasures with the very man for wboee crime 
he was to die the death of a felon. Their eyee met for the first time. 

" Stop, but to cnrse me I Stop, tili I prove your innocence to theae 
horrid menl " ihe cried, nearly exhansted. 

" To biu theeP " he inquired, with a hollow, honid voice, half bear- 
ing what she aaid. 

"Ob, no! ob, no!" she an>wered, " I did not— dared not, ask '^i/ / 
Tet would you be so merciful, Gilbert, to ktar me — but hear me — 
betr ne awear I never thought—" 



£24 T&B OimBS* rtLAOEBT. 

^le wratdied hr^^ser, ütber in ind^ntnt i 
dxmght her mo^-peniteiwe, or onlj vruhüd ttf ead a draadfiil m 
that was fast fbrdttg bim back into the vortex of life's pavic«! and 
r^rets, fixed ooe stem, jet most heart-brokeu ]aok npon the half 
iainting girl, then, with hü pinioned arm, imperfecta drawing the 
Http ovcr Üb «768, threw down deaperatelj the flower — hia death signaL 
The wrelched Lydii, wboae sight owam in daAness, the aest momait 
aaw onlj the veil wbich he bad drawn between thent fbr enr wai (ör 
everi 



KJNG EBIC. 



tErte HL, Kiw cf DenmiA, whe died «t äte bccio^af of tk Ulh «cMan. 
«M tka km >d>^ a< » moB«i«k of Ibe Middleagei. He «m h «ro^ Ikät ie 



M the n^M go, be T<xild dnw tbcB dcae lo hm. Be «•■ Tictorioos «i „ 

SeUnum, wIm «ere eddicted to iHTMT, tnd Teaesteencda wtMaadJMnla 
Od ooe oocwiaii, »f<iordiii^ to Sazo-GTamaiaüeBi, he dUtroKed a niMidaa, lAs 
tM him thu be could io^in taget by lüi ut, ind b*dc hin trr the enerintu 
OD himielt Hie ■ttem^ wat bot too necrnftil ; tot aM 4MUt did oe n^ie 
TocM biet to Ae nioM bautennu punon, but he killed tevtnl loldiM« who o^ 
to restore oider. Bccovering hU KaeM, he wm aa ittiflj itriAt» wiOi waw ^ 
tbat hc TawedhemMldnikeaplgnattcetathe H0I7 Land, (o alone &r hi( edMC 
Heaetnallrb^tii thejonrnej, but died et the Iile of CTprn*, bdbre be teached 
PllMtiiieJ 

■■ Nat, prate doI ot tbj ponj art. I teil tbee onee igain, 
Thoii prond ead foohsh hu7>er, all th j baesüog» are in Tain { 
Therc mm;, perdunce, be feeble beirti, tfa; mntic ein cootrol — 
Tboa luKxr'M not «f «hat (tobbon Muff ü made Kiiig Eric*! sonL 

"I lialtB lo (by b«p-«niw^ wh«ti the «iD»«Dp penet roand. 
And oft I Ceel Kift pleajat«, whes mine cm have dnink the aooad j 
Bot vhen thoa atT'it th^ Wp am make my br«aH viÖi ao^er ivaQ, 
Thoa ipeakeat *«b sod idie «aidi ; indeed, IbOD kaor'at tt velL 

"Go, feteh ne heue Om itmceit man in all my &th(ria^ 
Aal, pUnting Irai bii atiudy feet, before me let hin atand. 



•• Qo, fctch me Ae t«a a tr ongei t Heu in M my (UborlaBd, 
And bring a pair cf MaU»ra ropet, 111 hoU ose in e^h bl 
The men tbJl take the cther eöda, while here I alt ilone. 
And let them pull «ilh all their nügbt— Fil drag tfaem to n 



"Uy heart i« not a hean to Icap atBonndoftiakHug chorda, 

And r can liMen calmly^ to the poet'a r-* ' " 

' ■ ' ' 'k of dyiag 



■t pnmdlj ; eone tben, trj, if 'tii thj viü, 
t tboD hart ' 



Thonlt find tlut tboo bait Ht thywlf ■ Utk bejoad th; tkiil 
Try, ir tlioa ^dM vate firV« te«t 4aR fron Jü* breut «itl 
Smie, ftrilM du cbordi — b^in, begto — iwak« tli; nntti of fi 

N»w li^itl; o'er Üu taBcftfl tOwgt the htrpe^t fingen iwm^ 
Tbc DOtM are nA, and tcnderly umd tbe car thcj' craep i 
KiBg bielM kUMtlr, fi>r be beb Ut mmm bomd. 



Now looder, and nov bodcr i^ &■ vnntoMi nMwe frvwi^ 
And dnper aad now deepn lüU tbc cbeck cf Eiin glowi ; 
Hu e« ■■> oaagfat ne« nneatacM— b<nr viUl j benw bii brcMt I 
Oh, Hal7 V^m Mütj. ii Dar nobla Uag powM i' d? 

Tllut batpcr — niMilf be it nad — what awfol wondi awake t 
mtb (U B tcmpnt'i iwnd Ibree npoa tbe ear Ihe; br«*k. 
Hi* ftanire« an onearuilf , o'er It« itring« hi* fingm flv. 
Aa thangk a iiirit af tba Mkmi ^ot thrODgb a HBtB; ^. 

The hin( caa nat no looger, be ha* itatted from bia tbMMie — 
Hc Aeli a« if «üMber Kiiil ia wakaa'd in bi« owD ; 
TkatHanrlow huiiiiaim of MiOBd King &ie mtatt obej, 
Aa Ulkiwa af th' «tanal ata ann om tke iriU vind<a t*v. 

na harpcr aad thaMgial ball ha*« vaniab'd froat Ua qr«, 

The homn of tbe batoe-fiald liefore bia ftn^ riae t 

He tUnka hia nllMt Danea an by Bdande hordea offTcaCd! 

WbM iRry ahakea (bat im» ftvaae-^vhat «nA infcMe« th« bnaat I 

, , ^it vitlbriui 

Hit ai|^ it ffiann'd, bia bfamd k bot, Ua OHO be caunM hnow, 
He dKwm tbat round bin tiiiAeM tbe Seree anny rftfie fbe. 

Tbe IrM dmn near — beadaktBidcnra; tbeaenoad, »ovdia tUtd, 
Aad lüU abore tbär iWing groana Kinc Erie** voiee ii luaiil — 
" Od — cm, my gallant hearti, tbe Daniu raven trinmpbt yet P 
Bat •* be Aonli tbe royal baB vidi DanUh blood ia wtt. 

Thaiiarp— oh wül h Derer oeaaeP—Mill öagi itt bat&l Boog, 



The kwpr'a Swce pnee M ia 
KingEncbamJni dnam awakM, eonftaacd be lM>ki''ar(»ad ; 
He ecee tbe tfood tu« iword bat tbed, be knowi tbe oonei all, 
Aad ftom bit eye«, and down hia beard, tbe Icara in toirenti ftlL 



naa, tnutiqg t» aiy eattbly migbt, I darad to «est Ajr aom't. 
Away, leaüDotbaar tbyboe — tbe riet'ry tbon baat faird, 
The loyal band of Brie wilb hia a^eeta'Uoodia itaia'dl 

•■ JUrd. I «in laan aiy teharliMd, aad aaA. B IbPeign elime, 
Af Jena' tonb ia Palaadae, tD eqiate ny atiate 4 
The red eroM I will weer, and wio U^ pardca, if 1 «an, 
Tbea, Lort, hare nerey on my aonl, to Vm • tSatal nnn !^ 

• la 4d8 baDid I tere tD fbr Moffifled tbe Uatorieal Irnnd, tbat I I 
KiagBriedeiyäMfearperftamanatien of biaowa ain^flh, vbeaeeatheli 
malwe bimdimht tbe power of mnaie Htniaa * "~ ' '^ 



VANTBD A OOVBBirESS. 227 

Tbe HMXTOW wu, of coime, the daj ou whicli I receired it; for our 
TÜlig« was OQ the Easex coaat, some sixteen miles from. London, with 
m «roMHWimtr; poet, and only one deliveiy per dajr. But thU was all 
the b^ter — there was no time to fret myaelf witb apeculations on the 
iasoe oT mj imdertaking. One thing only was nneatisfactory: Mrs. 
Boberts knew my diatance from town, jet she had auned an bour for 
cur interview, thai would predude the posaibility of my retuniing 
home the same night, for it was winter, and " The last Gravesend 
Meamer leaves LcxidoQ Bridge >Vharf at four o'dock p.h." was duly 
notifled on wall-side placards and the daily popen. 

At another time, perhaps, I might not have so easily discovered the 
wantof consideiation evidenced in this Arrangement^ but I was sufering 
from a Boreness of mind that made me kecnly alive to the action of 
trifles; and it gave me a miBgiving of Mrs. Boberts' thoughtfnl^paS and 
imselflshness of character that did not add to the cheerÄilness o£ dis- 
Position just then so necessary to me. My motber, however, in the 
muchooled simphcity of her Mrs. Primrose-like conceptions, drew a 
&TOurable augury therefrom, and assured me it was in itself a proof 
that I was akeady the predetermined govemess of the " five little 
boys." 

My joumey to town was aa nninteresting, and as rapidly perfbrmed 
M joumeys by the Gravesend packets usually are; and veir painfui 
maä Bubdning were my sensations, as I fotmd myself for the flrst time 
in tbo crowded atreeta of the metropolis, witbont the protection oT 
snpport of either my fatber or brother's arm. It ia a lonely thing to 
mäke one in a crowd; and there was a degree of helplessness in my. 
own case that made my Situation appear exceedingly forlom. It wn«, 
beeide, my first attempt at seeking a Situation, for my previous en- 
a^ements had, in both instances, been forced on me — uie flrst, with a 
kind delicacy tbat, compassionating my Situation, took tbis means of 
aSeviating il, witbont humiÜating me, and the other, witb an afiecta- 
tion uf the same principle — loud in condolence, and coarse in express- 
ing it, in order to exbibit how poor gentihty must succumb to vulgär 
wealth. I was, also, rery young — very timid, witb quantities of 
poetiy, but not an atom of practical worldly sense in my composition. 
Need I say I feit myself roaking a very sony figure in the staring, 
«tbowing, bustling tbrong, whose contrary currents one moment acce- 
lerated my onward movetnent, and tbe nezt drove me a pace or two 
bnckwards in their anxious pursuit after busineas or pleasnre. 

Unhappily Ignorant of the etiquette observed in Walking in Lon- 
dm, I had taken tbe wrong aide of tbe street — a circumatanoe 
dtat I have since discovered accounted for all the crusbing and col- 
Haimi that beset me, and which I really miatook for intentional rude- 
Dcaii and aa I feit my face flnabing, and my little close bonnet as- 
nuning an indescribable sluq>c, I bad great difficulty to keep myself 
from ciytng. I, however, put an end to my pedestrianiam and iia un- 
pteasantneaa, by getting into an omnibus. 

I was set down opposite the iron gatea that lead into Park 
(^eacent, and in a few minutes fonnd myself at Ko — , with 
scvcely nerve onoi^h to raJse the massive knocker of the impor- 
taot-lo<Aüng portaL Two or tbree footmen, in handsome liveriee, 
were in attendance in the ballj and oo giving my card, I was nshei«d 



-.fr^j-.*F^.'.a?.5S .S..S-.g-f- • •"'1 



7« »«I' ;f JJH; jt Ja 



fli HKi^t Bank into the softeut PfinisB 

icH^ad beMowed mjsdf wu mcct 

|k^4^ inj veij IwarL 

flnWMnt wnt of perw» the femtnine 

'eAKJ bei And «rbat ■ mocking 

j^ 4h> ^ Bornranded me, on mj own 

lQa94..oee88it;f I I fdt tears g>ther- 

I A gl Qbiikiue, Qselesi aennbilitj, dut 

**' 9E V^ drcnniMaiiceB witli tbose of 

I t^itt be, and to recur, regret- 

vroonded. 
_ ^y tbe opening of tbe door, and 
a ogü^ jy BÜk drese, and lock of mild 
1 ¥ itt jf ^P"'' relative— an inmate on Bof- 



I %.Ä v^i 






iiMrther apartment, wbore, in a 

^, Bat Mrs. Roberts. She ma 

im of dte daikest grerai wetret, 

ts, maniTe enongfa 

nnae motion to me 

did sbe aA me to sit down; bot 

sest, and prooeeded t 



o quee- 



cbeek; bot I remembered 
t qoelled tbe anarf'o *i>'~' 



my 



n9 

ndwr aaoM^ &r tkwe m » IwUng ooowdr in mj naton tiut wiH 
■omrtimwi pen«de mj feeUngB, bowever melanduiij tb^ maj be, Mid 
gire piqMwy ta tbe lüttenst dnagkle. I had left lorelj läetwea in 
d>a atlMr raoo^ btt «oK^st them «U, bou thtf appnnd to au aa 
beandfal aa tte livüg bce befor« me. She was iak w aa Aada- 
hflian, wkh tbat wAahly clear, imooth, <4ire coBiplezian so poldci« 
SMt witb bot in tb« aannj ngnna of Ute Soidb, witb a wkbi, nck 
«oloor U ber chaek^aad aoial^ handaome featnra^ lit vp by hager 
Uaek, ImniBona «jte, tbat mada me focgM, in niy admiratk« ttf tbem, 
tbfi pet^ atate ite ww afibctiag, «od the balf boor'B Izial b7 ooU 
to whidi I had beea aul^ected; mA a silkineea, such picture-like 
periedräB tfaare waa aboat bar piqaaat-looking featnres aad rieb 



" L«C aw aee," abe and, kx^iug evar Mnoe dosen aotea, ia h manj 
diSereot baadwritinga tbät Uj an tlw table beäde her, " Oh, jtm 
an tbe jomw peraoo from Essez. I am mxry to bare detained vom 
aokng; bntlltaTehadloaeeBomaDjperaoiia. I bad do ideo, mea 
I advflctiaed, cS tbe nnmber of af^Ueanta I sboidd bare, nteae," ah« 
Said, pointjog lo tbe be^p of cäligrapbic aptÖLKOM, " ara o^ the 
aoawera I reaerved to ehotiae fimm ammigsL" 

Abs! for my modier** theorj, and mj own reaaoning from die aar» 
fbce of thingB — ^fbr having ataled in my note eveij particolar rdatiTe 
to Bge, qnoÜficatioris, tkc. — I reallj tboögbt I had oothiag to do bot to 
Huke tbe floal arraagement relatire to ularj, produoe oij crakotials, 
•ad aater ob tbe dnties of mj new situatiout (utej, tbea, fladiag 
mjmdf paraded ior the aatiaßurtion of tfaie nilfiil piec« of pzettiaeaa, 
aad broDgbt aixteen milea from home, to make one at the ]Bv6t of aa- 
bappy expectaatB abe bad tnonght to her abode, doobüe«, vith as 
mäch iadiffisreace (br their personal inoonTcnieace aa abe bad exbibiled 
fiH- mine. Bat where waa I ? 

" Xheae," ahe oeotinned, "are onlf tbeaatwenlreacrred tochooae 
from anHogat— bot I think I had thirty-aiz in aU, hads't I, llra. 
PacyT" and abe tomed to tlie indiridual in gte^, wbo remaiDed 
f*r*^'"g neu hw chair; bat before tbia quiet-kiökiog peraoo bad 
•ammed np in her recoUection tbeir exact nnmber, Mra. Boberta re- 
joiaed— " at aQ erenla, I waa qtüte artoniahedL I didn't reallj tbiak 
eo aiaaj peraoaa eoold have been in want of aitaatioaa." 

Sba ma lookioK in mj faoe aa abe Bpidkt, aad ber igaorancs of the 
reat of ibe worid's wanu aeemed ao real, ao aoaÄeted, tbat 70a 
•caroel; knew whether to admire, w be Mgi7 at her bappj uneao- 
ariotMxm of iadividoal abrait aad amflering. To me, «arl; initiated 
iato tbe naagecofadrenitT', thera waa a Ireafaiieai about it vcrj dehg^ 
f ul to &1M7, bnt Ter7 painf ut to be broog^ m ooüirion witb, becanae 7«a 
Ut tbat tbe nmpatbj from wbeooe apringa all the dmritiea of hnmaa 
oataro coald Mve ao |rfaee la a beartaounwitting of ita daily tiiah 
•0 waatiag ta tbat apedea of mealsl omniawnm, tbat ia 0^7 gained 
I7 the sIkIt of homäni^ in all iu phaaea. 

" I am amüd," abe oonünoed, " tbat 70a are loo yottng for wlmk 1 
raqaire. I ougbt to bare itated age ia m7 adrertiaement; aoaw ooe 
abont thirU wobU be beat, aa I want tbe entire m a n aga m a at of the 
diildren tuen off m7 bands — the7 begin to be veiy troublesoma, aad 
I bare lO arnny eagageautita; bat joa doa't lock aa if 70a ooold «ma- 



VAHTED A aOTBBllBS& 231 

was aboat to cnrtsey mjsdS ont of the room, when the former inteiv 
cepted me to ask, " How fsr tn; reaidenc« wu from town?" 

I uM her, and Mrs. Roberts interposed with an inquiiy, as to 
whflther the ooach ttarted from aaj place in the vicimty? She eeemed 
rather nnpleasantty illuminabid, when I told her mj only conreyance 
vaa hj steam; aod thot as the last boat had long since lett, I hkd no 
choice bat to ramain in town all night. 

" I snppose yoa bave some friends bere," soid the gentle>lookiag 
iroman beside her, in whoee thoughtfui countenauce I could read 
concem, and kindlj feeling, not umningled with generous indignatton, 
that evinced itaelf in her lessening timidity ; and in the tone of absolute 
reproacb with which, on m; answering with mnch naivet^ "that 
indeed I had not," she remarked to Mrs. Roberts, " What a pitj to 
bave brought her so farl I would advise you," she said, addresäing 
me^ " to go to some rcspectable inn; it is an awkward thing for so 
young a peraon as yourself to be alone in this äty, bnt at an hotel joa 
will be qnite safe." 

I looked mj thauks, for I am surc heortfelt kindness dictated thia 
Suggestion, as, howeTer cominonplace the remark tnvy appear on paper, 
her look and Toice evidenced no ordinary degree of interest; but I 
found it impoBsible to answer her orally. The reaction of ezcited 
feeling and overtbrown hope, onlj wanted this lad^s evident sympathy, 
to iiu^e me think myaelf even more sorrowfullj aituated than I reall/ 
was. I had Bcarcely petience to listen to Mrs. Roberts' parting ez- 
ordium, as, holding the embroidered bell-rope in her band, she sus- 
pended ita moremcnt to ezelaim — 

"Oh, yes; by all means go to an hotel, and if this other person 
does not enit, I will be sure and write to you— onlj you don't look old 
enougb. Good morning to joa. Some familj hotel will be the bestl" 

I curtfieTcd myself silently out of the room, and was rerj cirillj 
shewn the outaide the house, bj one of the " party -coloured varlets" 
in waiting. 

Need I say, I nevcr after heard fiom Mra. Roberts, but I did 
0^her, and aolred the mjstorious incongruity of that ^lartment, fiUed 
with precioua things, into which I had been ushered. 

Of oonrae, I bave not used her real nam&— that would be scarcely 
£ur, to one who had apparently so many years to acquire those delicate 
and snbtle instincts of our nature, that teach us to be as careful and 
far-sighted for another as if ounelves were concerned. 

At this diatance of time, the incident which tben appeard a trial to 
me, haa assumed an almost comic complexion; and the contrast my real 
Situation offered W that of the prelty (and aarely petted) Mrs. Roberts, 
ft mero Uluminated page in my book of lifo — a picture, illustrative of 
" siWer spoona and wooden Udlet," with a daah of Hogarth'a satire, in 
the working out. With all her happy inezperience of worldly exi- 
gence, I, too, had been harn in affluence — mj wants as carefuUy 
attended to— my education as refined— my feelings equalty Bensiüre; 
bot for all this, her fect reated on the rtüsed dais of luzury, whilo 
mine had trodden the red-hot ploughahares of penury and triaL 

Surely, all who run may read the moral of our meeting, and leam 
from their own acuto aensibilitiea (where seif JB concerned) the neoessi^ 
of consideration on behalf of another. 



THE TERMIHATION OP THE TBANSPOBT. 

BT W. FKAHCU AIM8W0BTH. 

Tht ettj at AntioelL— lu prarat coodhion.^ — In ■atiqnidM, iciilptarH, walU, ui 
IowMi.— Itt rercno.— Tfae Hadut U MnrU PidiL— A fev fcol« U Natant 
Bittorr^'ne «titiaB u JiBdariL— HiiUr; ef Derräk 'A^—Pinnt c< Hocdi 
STria.— Arrive u Port William.— TenüuMica U dte Trucput. 

Befobe quitdog Antioch, and after t reddence there, on and off, of 
apwarda of six months, I may be allowecl to eay a few worda as to its 
present condition, and ite remaining monomenta of antiquity. 

Tb.e modern AntAklyeh ia bat a amall town, coTering only a verj 
inconaiderable part of tbe aite of ancient Antioch, the remainder bemg 
fbr the moet part occupied b; mulbeny groves, TineTards, and fruit 
and regetable gardena. 

Hie population, according to a cenane taken in Ibr&him I^ah&'s 
time, did not ezceed 5600 aouls, of wbom a largo proportioQ were 
Sjriana of the Greek church; and the town coataina a chnrch of that 
peranadoD, a ajnagt^e for the Jews, fourteen mosqnes, a Moham- 
medan c<dl^e, and seTeral khana and public batha. Noae of these 
edifices are, however, coni^icaous hj (heir lofUness, or bj aay pre- 
tenaiona to architectural beanty. 

The houses are Turkish aa to plan, usually of stone, bat aometimee 
oonsisting of a wooden frame filled ap with mn-dried bricka, and 
baving a pent roof covered with red tilea. In some, ezterior atair- 
caaea lead from the courts to corridora and balconies: in others, the 
ataircaae ia in tbe interior. Many of the conrts are pleasaatl; shaded 
bj ora^ige and pomegranate trees, and the doora and windotrs of the 
buildings generali^ face the wert, for the aake of the cool breezes 
COOÜDg from that qnarter duiing the greater part of summer. The 
itreeti are narrow and dirtj, belog but partially deaased by a gutter 
in tbecentre. 

Tbe bazaars arepoor, the principal prodncta being confined tofruits, 
ulk, GOtton, leather, goata'-hair, and the ordinaiy aupplics of food. 
Ifear to the river aide are several tan-jards, and in the aame neigb- 
booriKtod are the offal-honses, tbe thresholda of which are freqnented 
by the white vultore. Ibräbfm Fäshü adomed the town bj erecting 
to tbe westward a acrai, or palace, which afterwards became an hoepibJ, 
aod beyond it extensiTe barracka; but unfortunatelj these were con> 
■tmcted out of the materiala of the westem portion of the wall. 

The river ia crossed bj a bridge, aome of the foundntions of which 
bare tbe aapect of ontiqaity, and which ia approached hj a covered 
way aod gate, caQed Bib Hadid, or the Iron Gate. Beyond thta gate 
waa a military Bcbool and a burial-ground, with gardens in the rear; 
and the river ia dirersified by several large wheela, eome of which are 
nearly dx^ feet in diameter, and which make a moaotonous amse. 
Tbeir power in woiling com-miUa ia increased by dania of interiaced 
reeda and atakes, and other light materials, which raiae the water, and 
at the aame time aervc tbe porpoee of productive fiah-weira. 

Beaidea the " Iron Gate," there are also the Bäb Ginein, or the 
Gate of the Gardens, the B4b Lödlkijeh, or of Lattaqnia, and sepa- 



',Sr:|;-.ji^s^?.js-»?.j-5. .yg. .wrx: 



si^elX^, ?< ^^ v Vft< alB^unfl^ poinrof whicb is lost' in the 




Tetrapolis of the Antiochid^ 
ifixag on the other dde of the 
have been occasionallj foimd, 
there are few remains in the 
8 history of Aatioch. In the 
Saint Jamee and Sunt Paul, 
head, apparently of a epbynx, 
Qth in bold relief, cut in the 
period. From the indmate 
Ijnaeties of the Ftolem js and 
believe tfaat these Eculpturea 
^'obablc tbat the neighbouring 

i-^ptian princesses, who were 

the]' became Christiaa chapels. 

_ _,jmBn prefectureship of Sjria, 

cqjital of that great provinc^ 

lepeadent procuratorähip. Ic 

S'e of a most eztenaiTe com- 
B of Antioch — the most re- 
monuments — ^belong, although 
il Christian crusaders. 
' upward^ of four miles, and 
jie of ita lonfier sides louching 



THB TSIUONATION OT THE THAVSPOBT. 235 

higher, the greatest ingeniiity was exercised hy secating the vesk 
potnta at the oppoeite extremitj of its ni{^^ contoiir. Walls and 
drcuUr tuirets of diferent ages occop}* the northem extremity of the 
Tange, at the head of the rarine from whence the casteUated building, 
once the Äcropolis, commands an extensive prospect. 

By a bold effort of genins, a wall has been carried trom tbe easteni 
sid« of the Castle down the almost reitical face of the cliff, and agoin 
from thence across the deep valle; beneath, beyond whicb, in a no less 
extraordinaiy manner, it is made to ascend the opposite steep hill in a 
zig-EBg direction, and it is again carried in the saine daring manner 
down the oppoeite hill-üde, tili it joins the eastem walla near Saint 
Paul'a gate. 

But it was in orercoming tbe defects of the gronnd at the southem 
extremitjr of the äty, that the skill of the Bomans is conspicuous. 
Owing to the steepaess of the declivitf, the ordinaiy ptatform sur- 
mounüng the wall, here becomes a Buccession of steps between the 
towera, whid) are close to one onother, and have a story riaing above 
the wall to protect the intervening poitions irom the comnianding 
gronnd ontdde. These towew are of nnifram construction, about 
thirtj feet Square, and they project each w&y, so ae to defend the 
inferior aide as well as the exterior face of the wall, the latter is (Vom 
fifty to sixty feet high, and eight or ten feet broad at top, which is 
CDvered with cut stones tenninating in a comice. 

The towers are perfectiy uprigbt, and have interior staircasea, and 
three loop-boled stages resting on brick arcbea — tbe uppermost baring 
a Btone platform, and a small ciatern beneath. Low doors, or rather 
poatems, afiörd a passage along tbe parapete, so tbat to nse an ezpres- 
sion of Colonel Cheaney's, to wbose frequent conversations I am solelj 
indebted for the discrimination of many of the above described pecu- 
liarities, these structures may be regarded as a cbain of small Castles 
connected by a curtain, rather tban simple towers. 

It was by the betrayal of one of these towers— called that of the two 
sisters, bnt af^erward^ designated as the tower of Saint Geoi^e — by 
tbe Christian Fyrrhus, that tbe Cmsaders were enabled to obtain 
posscssion of their first Syrian principality. And on anotber there 
still exists the Iragments of a Greek inscriptton in iombic trimeter 
verse, of which only the foUowing worda can be dedpbered : — 
*■ SuDk to Toin b; time tnd tamnlt, 
* * * Medon fa*d hutilj' built 
yf'ah halte snd difflcnlt; the ann; of the * * * 
The Tower." 

Innumerable coins, belonging to tbe epoch of tbe Bomans, are still 
found wbereTer excavations are carried on, and not onfrequently 
marble bnsts are also dug out, in which the familiär features of 
Aurelian, or of Trojan, are cbiefly recogniaed. 

The reverses of Antiocb constitutc, aAer ita Christian eminence, the 
most rcmarkable feature in its history. Its kingly splendour — its 
pleasurable attractions — its commercial and industrid power — its 
leaming and religioua zeal, are all dimmed by the most fearfui proe- 
trations which dreadful eartbquakea, and wars from witbout, and civil 
wnra within, could combine to prodnce. Civil wars began under 
8e1eucuB Callinicue, and were continued under Antiochns tbe Great. 
Religious zeal attained its beigbt under Antiochus Epiphanes, and ex- 

VOL. VL B 



S86 TBE TSBHDUTnar W THK TmUMFOBT. 

«ited tbe revtdt ttf the Uaccifaeea. Alezuder ZebäDS pltmdiered the 
temple of Jiq>il«r, and the waUa were OTertfanwn od sercnl ooctwoni. 

It ii Ott Üiii acconnt tlut the aett ci nanj kings, tbe Baaan pn- 
fectnrate a£ Sjri«, and tlte chief pUriarchtte ot tbe Eut, «boae nnme- 
rtraa chnrches, ranked smang tha finest in the wacld, hare, «itli the 
«xception of ite wrUi and towers, the stnuigest bulmi^ of Baman 
Aüa, Bhattered eod deBtroyed by eutbqnakes laoie even thaa bj all 
the fiercest nvages of war, ao Uttle to ehov <^ those once prond tmie& 

In a retirad spo^ alove, towarda the ceutre of the mountain ridg(^ 
are the remaina of a circiibiF sbnotore, about ninetj feet in diameter, 
partly ezcarated in the rock, and enclosed bj a wall foor feet high. 
Tfaia biiilding is traditionally connected witb tbe bonid aod diAgiace- 
M pagan inuncjationa to Jupiter. 

It was in tbe epocb of the Romans that Antioch attaioed anch dia- 
tinetion, aa one of tbe earlieet centrea from wheace ChristiaEd^ waa 
diaaeminated, aa to af^erwards entitle it to be called the "Eye of tbe 
Eastem Church." It was here that Bamabaa and Saul were fint 
separated &om tbe other ^Mistles, for tbe woric nnto which tbey had been 
called. It was, according to Joeepbus, the right of citLniubip gnnted 
by Seleocoa to the Jews in common witb tbe Greeks, which rendered 
Antioch 80 desirable to Cbnatiaua, who were at that time considered 
as s aect of Jewe; and it waa here that tbey were fint called by tbe 
name of their Lord and Master (Acta, xi. 26); and tbe moet aocieat 
teaümoniea regarding the tbree Dimers of the chnrcb — biahopa, priest^ 
aad deacona, are derived from Ignatius, whom tbe apoetles had ap- 
pointed Biabi^ of Antioch, (Chr^oatom Hom. in IgnaL ü. 593,) and 
who wrote letters to otbär chnrchea, onlj fifteen jeara a£tor Saint 
John's death. 

Saint Paul'a gate, and tbe excarated churchea in tbe rock, are the 
<ml7 reminiaeencea that now e&Et of theae earl/ dawninga of Chns- 
tianity. One traveUer, Fococke, aaw some piecea of marUe of a 
Mosaic pavement, which he anppoaed migbt indicate the site of the 
patriarcbal chnrcb; and he conjectured that the patriarchal palace 
stood on the t<^ of a hill in its vicinity. Satib is the end of tbe 
ApoBtolic See! " A vagne cNmjectare," says Dr. Keith, " is tbe only 
homage tbat caa now be pvd to the departed gkry of tbe tbrons 
whicb exerdsed aupremacy over two handred and ftvty bishoprics." 

Antioch was embeUiahed by Jnstinian in a.D. 529, and called by 
bim Theopolis, "the city of God;" but Üie Feinan host tmd^ 
Chosroes (Ke! Kobad) took tbe city by storm nineteen years after- 
wards, and bumt it to the ground. Betäken by Belisarius, Justinian 
rebuilt it in 562, to fall again in 574. The Saracens, under tbe brave 
bat humane Obeidab, reduced it in the yesr 637 or 638. 

The Arabs busied themselves in repairing the walls, and added 
additional towerä to the Castle. Among the mins wlüch cover the 
sidea of tlie hills weatward, are still to be noticed a building witb a 
Square baieroent containing four Saracenic arched entrancea; but thia 
building ia sanaounted by a round tower, which appeara to be Nonnani 
and to have belonged to tbe times of the Cruaaders, and which rjses 
about tbirty fieet hjgher. 

Edrisi describes the buildings of Antioch as being at tbe time <^ 
the Arab dominion " magnificent, its markets flourishing, its industrj 
and resourcea great^ and its mamääctnres and commerce prosperous. 

The dty waa retaken in 966, by Nicephoras Fhocaa, and in 970, 



Txm «DUiDTA'mui op ■rax «unbpohf. . 2&7 

u tnBT of tm tbociaBad SuMena bemeged it viAout meeeas, bat ft 
■Iwrt tnM aftermrd« eflbcted ils mlyMira. Ib ib» jtMt 1097, tb« 
Cnrndan ippMnd befim the walk, biit U ms not tUl Jone 3. lorä, 
tlut tke d^ was cnried t^ atratige». la 1187, tbe fäll 4^ 'As^ 
and the captora of the Iran Bridge oa the Oaat«< b; tb« Arabs 
linder SaUbo-d-d^ eanaed tbe inbabitanla to pnrdiaae Aeir eafa^. 
Bibara, Oe Hamkik Soltaa cf Bgjpt, canied tbe imlartwnte ötf 1^ 
stom, Har 29, 1268; aad it renaiMd waiat tbe HantUt aad CSr- 
caaaian aiddiery tQl 1517, wben Selin I. o¥eitbraw tbat atnuige aad 
a fc aggla g power, eaUed Älü Donlet, b}F tbe orienlal ^nian, aad 
S^m becama abaoibed !■ the Omaafi empre. 

Dwing tbe long aneoeaBioD of Onaanli foincefl, Antiocb hae been 
often gOTemed ij indopeadent Beja wbo bare set tbe Sottaa aC 
dafinwe. Uli« was thecase intbe timeof Bnnkbanlt (1812). After 
the &U of Aleppo, it TieUed witboid & Uow to tbe E^g^ptiaDS vnder 
IbribEn P&sU, a düätun wbo^ fbr a time, dreamt m raviräg tha 
monaidkj of Sjria in ita aucient a4>ital, and wbo flnt began to dnao- 
liah tiie waSa which so maaj eentnriai of wan and earthqnake» bsd 
mmredj it ü to be siqipoaQd in uitieipation o£ Uioh dsyi^ wben, aa 
Dr. Eeidi pra^eaiei^ tks ätiea of restcwed Isnel bIu£ be taut, wiA- 
oat walts, froea tboee wbidt andeotlr were raiaed for tbeir deÜBnee. 

Jn 1840^ bj tbe operatioDB of tbe alBea oo tha ooast of Sjriai 
Aatioch retürned peaeefid^ tuder Osnanli dominioB. Strange con- 
traat to the tinw of Ü» Cnuadea, whai Cbristiaa nations were sew 
coeabiftiBg for tbe reataratioD of Tndüh orer Ggjptkn tjraan; aad 
ndamle^ witbont acarc^ aflbrding afiiendl^ protectk» to tbe pnwtrate 
Chiiatian drarigiaea of the oountijt 

Thera ia aomethiag in tbe ianoiaerable rerersea of fortoae^ aad tha 
evita to wbidi this andent äty and its inliabitanta bave been thas «z- 
poaed, whieh caaaot bat be anggeBtive of xwiancholj oontei^latiDn; 
bot in wfaidi the more paiafnl coiuideratioas are aootbed \ij etnvarisca 
witb wbat bai b^tpeoed to tiioae dties iriiieb haye arisen iqioo madem 
orilintioB. Tbe biatorjr of the eM^r^gated dweltiaga of —^H«J 
pree^t osivel^BeartjeTerjwhaiewtthnBÜlarreeordsof fatal eveats 
nmaght abont Ir tbe wilfnhwaB of nsn. Ibe riae «f oew opinieni^ tba 
pvomnlgatMo «( eorropt doctrinei, the lertleasneea of tbe m% feUÖwed 
bjrevdoticttaadaBaKhy, aad theae,bj'imflii>GhingtriaDaies,iiBpoaed 
Qpoa » wotdd^be admiaiatratii'e popölaeet ar* penonated aa fiüthfiil^ 
ia tbe biatorj of the weat, aaiathat of a lioinua or Galloa at Aatiodt. 

It was the jarriag intereets of priaciplea of beUef, and even of fonna 
of pr^cr — the amÜtioning of eai^ to poini out to tbe otber tbe patb 
to beureo — and tbe abbinTenee of all otber modea of worabqi thau 
thetr own, wbicb eren at tbeae eariy times cnrsed maakind wiÄ fatal 
fenda; and tbe boatility of Aatiodiua to the Maccabeea, tbe afoeta^ 
of Julian, and the propittation of ***"■■*— bj Valeatiaiaa, w«e a« 
fertile in peraecntions aa Paganiam o^^ioaed to Cbriatiaai^, mi Chris- 
tiaai^ to llohammedaniim. Nor was cmelty coafliied to anj one 
par^. Antiocbns aad Veapniian at Jemaalem, aad Ponpef, Jna- 
tiaiai^ and the Crnaaders at Antiocb, rind. in tbeir aangoiaarT' ex^tm 
Sapor and Ontar at tbe ooe^ and Cboaroca aad Kbara at tbe etber. 

Aa abaoat iaefiäUn woader aiiaea OB coateaapbUiBg auch fr^ntaMta 
hutariea of reTtraea, Bot paeaUartooneapot, bot ooaaiao to OeMi 



238 .THB TEBMINATION OF THB TRAKSPOBT. 

witUieU fr(Hn tbe Councils of monkind, and policy continue to disr^^anl, 
intheleasonsof histoi7,theinheritedasiomsofiiiodcratiDa? Wbat are 
tlie benefita that have accrued to mimkind from war aad hostility of 
opinioa or principle, compared to the triumphs of wisdam ! Look «t tlie 
mightj remtüns kft to üb bj imperishable genius, by the toil of ciTil- 
izaüon in the rear of discovery, the more tlum human povrer whicfa 
Las been obtained by the progress of inveutioa, aud tum to the grej 
walls of grief-wom aspect — Antioch, no longer in lonely and in 
vidowed pride, as when Heraclius bade her a last farewell — the 
humbled and mouming daugbter of the city of the H0I7 of Holies, but 
Antioch fallen and in ruins! The third city of the Roman em^ie^ 
which raiaed three Ciesars to the ünperial purple, now litde better 
than a villoge; the patriarchal see — naj, the very tombs of the migh^ 
dead, gone from the surface of the earth! Think that religitHi and 
learuing dawned — that the lyre awoke to songs of praise andjoj — that 
the füll light of a religion of meekness, humilitj, and self-aacrifice, 
gktwed over this spot, and that all has been lost hj the rivalry of 
power, the Opposition of creeds, and the pride of patriarchs, and the 
heart bleeds with sorrow for the foUiea of mankind. 

Ever the centre of a liercely debated supremacy, the " entisnce 
into Hamath the great," and the prophesied boundaiy of the promised 
land, there now only remains at the same spot, the paat for the Mo- 
faanimedan, the present for the Chriatian, and the future for the Jew. 
Haughtj contempt and deep-felt scom and hatred characterize the 
followers of a warrior prophet ; an unspiritual and unenlightened 
belief, not unmingled with bitter pride, belong to those who know that 
the Bedeemer «ufiered for them; while a ailent hope, aud the prostrate 
stillness of a dependent faith, is still the stamp ebaracteriBtic of the eons 
of Jacob. 

On the Hth of October, I finally left Antioch, travelUng by the 
rirer and lake to the Station at Mur&d Püshä, which I reaäied the 
ensuing day. There had been much gickness at this, the moet un- 
healthy of any of the etations in which the expedition was located, 
and among oüiers, the malaria of the conntry was complicated in the 
case of a young ertillery-man with a galloping consumption, the result 
of long previouB infinnities, and whicb, not yielding to tbe most actire 
treatment, he was the first, and yet amidet all tbie sickness, the only indi- 
vidual left behind us at this baneful spot. No European stopped hei« for 
a dayand night without suffering from malaria; and although it was easily 
removed by a little aperient medicine, foUowed by quinine, it always 
retumed in a few days. From this frequent recurrence, many of tbe 
oases were already complicated with enlargement of the spieen and 
liver, and in others carelessness in diet induced gastro-enteric affec- 
tions; but geuerally speaking, the fever was not so severe aa to kcep 
the officers and men from their work, 

The temperature at this season of the year was agrceable, the 
tliermometer averaging 76° in the shade; and the qunntity of auimal, 
more especially of reptile and in^«ct life, was tmly remarkable. The 
number and great size of the snnkes haa been already alluded to, and 
immediately on my arrival the boatswain brought a bottle full of cen- 
tipedßs, raany of considerable size, which had been collected in the 
meh's tents, and the sight of which conveyed anything but pleasiag 
anticipations of what was to be expected in one's own dormitory. 

£Tcry evening after sunset, the interior of the marqnee in wbidt 



TBB TEBIONATION OF THB TRAHSPORT. 239 

the officera mesaed, was fiUed with numiag, cnwliog, and jumping 
thingB. The first that began to creep up the canvase walls vere a 
spedes of black cricket, two-eighths of an inch in lengdi, with 
yellow epote on the upper pu-t of the wings, and lüce the Grytlta 
eampalru of Latreille, with two red spots at the origin of the thighs. 
It (liffered, however, from that insect, in the under wings being folded 
into a Spiral appendage, which pratnided beyond the boAj; and it 
differed fram the Indian species (G. nutiMrtuuug) in size and coloor^ 
«od in the freedom of the wings; but still it was a marlced transition 
from the European to the Indian species. 

With thia black and ill-favoured looking insect there came another 
of the same tribe, in which the wings and elytnc were merely liidi- 
inentai7, being onl^ one-eighth of an inch in length, and the dorsal 
upect of the abdomen thas left naked, was divided longitudinally by 
three distinct lines, in addition to the lateral segments; ortd it was 
further adomed with two lateral setaceous appendages (ovipositors), 
sboat an etghth of an inch in length.* 

These were followed hy fniga, which clombered in numbera np 
by the side of the tent-poles, and thua in a ahort time, between thenx 
uid the crickets, the canvass was prettjr well covered. At the aame 
time, innnmerahle little Scutigera, from four-eighths to four-sixtha of 
an inch in length, were running about the table, panuing moths and 
other insecta^ which they pierced with thdr poisonona mondiblea^ 
killing them instantaneoualy. This insect had eight lai^ segments 
ftbove, beeides two amoller central onea, and fifteen aegmenta with an 
eqnal number of paira of legs below, the last flve of wÜch were much 
Icniger than the othera, and the last pair of all thrown behind, so as to 



Next in abundance were the centipedea, which alao clambered after 
dark, npon the chura and tablea in search of prey. The bodies of 
these were divided into twenty-^ne aegmenta above and below, and 
they had forty-two yellowiab fee^ umed with hook-Uke appendoges.-!- 
I examined a great many eyes of theae myriapods, aa some writera 
deacribe them as arranged rhomboidally, and I found them to vary in 
ngmber, there being aometimes four, and occaaionally a AfUi. They 
were dispoaed two and two, and wben there was a fifüi, it was olwaya 
placed inwardly, or towarda the articulation of tlie jaw. These centi- 



tiMoislMd ft 
Mttm in ih« 



ao4 whkhwodld eoDtain, betide* thi» Bjrriaii ipecie«, ih« Grjrffiu Sgbiatnt of I«t- 
>»llcaiidthe0.5vd^iifa>uü,oftlie nma aotlioT; the STrian ipeciM böng dii- 
nisiMd (hun UM fomer, 1^ the breTit; of iha oripMitor, tha ibMiiee tä Oua 
e in Ih« clTtm, and tqr ita »enliu duk Eanhndi «od fivm the Q. But^igor 
••mmü, b7 Ibe btter haiing no wugi at all, ud *a oTipoailor u loog w ihe bodjr. 

t Some utaralBt« hwtt srnmicd the laimali of theae, ud the neighboonng 
scnera, aecordiog to th« namber of fcet, and the coiDp*rati*e length of thcM ; thna 
Yicwiog than aa Kqiiipedal, or ineqnipedal i bgt tba ainwinre of the bo^ ii b; te 
th« moat ImpOTtant eonndention ii> • clata of aminala whiefa Ibrai a Unk betwaeu 
Ih« cnutaMa, oa th« ooe band, aod the heiapod imecu on the olber. The Snka 
Smigtm, abov« deaeribed, belong« lo that Ketion of the Chanpoda, ta whieb Ibe 
bo^u putitioned lato eight pUte« aboie, «nd fifteen hemi-innolap «a^nenta below i 
wbile the ccntipede« beloog to that di*inon, in whieb the abdominal upeet ia 
divided, in the nioe w»; t the doital -, and thii ii not the onlj p^tmaiy diMnetioa 
between the two— in the one. ihe eye» «i« diatind and componnil, in Ihe other, they 
are grandated; in the one, the head i* eorered with a imooth acQtcUnm.orshteld- 
like platc. in the other, there an occtpilal taberoutin. 



THB TsumrATnm w thb tbakbfobt. 841 

&iled to hoc^ one äiroogfa tho hoij, and tfaej thtu mkhi got « bost 
load. Upon trial, we thonght them InscifMu; bot th« prejndiGe againn 
tbedr ^peannce wu so gmtt, tbat thej nerer becuns populär; the 
Milan tlao caBed them cal-fUb, and woaU luve notfaing to do with 
thtm. 

Ifotwitlutsndii^ the i^e, Chcrlewood and mTsetf went out fre- 
qnastlf sltooting in the manhes, where anipes were very abundant. 
Amoag otber birds, which we ahot in these waXerj plaoea, waa a small 
plorer^ which appeäred to fonn a link between the little ocdlared plorer 
and the (Su m tr i r iu t Egjfpbu of HaaedqTiiBt. It waadistingniahedfroiii 
tiw fonner, b; having a gre; baad od the brcnr, uid a white terminal 
Iwnd <Hi Ae Upper wing eorerts. AH &» remiges wer« also blad^ 
with a white band, and the räde tail feathers were alßo white, and it 
dificred from Ae Egyptian plover, in having yellow feet. The bean- 
lifiil Aleppo plover, with a apnr on ita wing, was veiy common. It 
was cnriooB, oa titeae oocanons, to see with what etrange \i3cAa of 
eorprise and indignadon the shaggj hn&loea wonld riew our nxAsj 
intnuionintotheir waterj domain; nor was itat all safe to startle them 
\/j the sndden discharge of a gnn in too cloM proximit7, on which 
oceaaions we fbnnd they invariable made a chaige at the offender. 

It maj be well to mention, in thia |dace, Üie bird called Tair d 
Ba'<if, or " the magnificent," with whidi I am perHOoalljnnacqaaiiited, 
bnt which Mr. Vincent Germain, of Aleppo, asanred Colwiel CbeauCT 
»BBembled in large flot^a at the ahallow ^wi of the rirera in Norot 
Sjna, and idaöi^ tbemselTes aide 1^ nide In sereral ranka, wiüi thcar 
tula apread, eo as to form a tempcwaiy dam, thna expoae the fiah 
bdow, and the birda, tfaen nutuiig optm tbeir prej, they aeeme an 
«bondant meal, before tbe streom can reanme ita prerioua atata. 

On the 31et of Odober, I qnitted MorÄd P4diä, with tbe ei(A,&r 
tiie more healthj Station of Jindarfs. We passed a night at theWt 
batha, previouslj deecribed, aod whidi tbe sich afqiarant^ enjoyed, 
snd die next Axj, reached the aite of Üie old Acrop^s of C^rriMStica. 
Here we found Mr. EUiot, commonly called Derrish AU, wboee Ser- 
vices aa an Interpreter had been obtained sinee onr arriral in the 
conntrj, and who had prorided two emptj bouaea for onr ose, one of 
whicli waa eonverted into an hospital, lüd the other k^ fin- Ae 
(Acera, fltj^amea and Bell häng at tbe time amcmg the inralida. 

nüa Hr. ElUot was a verj romarkaUe character. He had received 
ft good edncation, was a ttrferable dasaical sdiolar, and had been a 
medical stndent at one of the Loodoti hospitals, bat haring come to 
tiie Eaat, hia paanon tar wandering became ao great, aa to lead him to 
aacrifioe eTerjthing in order to gratü; it. In order to facihtate bis 
morements, he peifected bimself in Xht Arabic laagnage, and aasnmed 
the garb and appeanoce of a Dervii^, bj which meana he was enahled 
1o Visit in safe^ all parta of the oauntry. He was emplojwd iat aome 
time hy Colonel Taylor, the resident at Baghdad, on exploratoiY mia- 
noiu, one of whidi waa to tnce tbe retreat ^ the ten thmiaand GntStA. 
Oa Äia occanon, a native damsd was given to kirn aa a aponae, in re- 
tarn for hts having cttred her of Ophthalmia ; but be afterwards ez- 
chaaged her for a donkey, the latter being man naefnl io following 
the fbotat^» <rf the GreAa. There was graat difficnhy in getting him 
to put die lesidt of bis r e e ea rc hc a on p^ier, aod he reqnired oonstant 
■t^erintendence — «t one mtment, the chair was too hi^i st anodier, 



242 TBE TEBHINATIOM OF THE TEASSFOKT. 

the pea was bad — in fact, tbe irksomeneae of writing was qoite inc<»- 
aütent with tiia acquired habita ot desultoriness. llie MS. howevec 
exists, and is, «itk rnany others, in Colone] Ta;lor*s possesaion. Mr. 
J. B^ie Fräser was permitted access to it, with tbe colonel's usubI 
liberolity; and he sajs, in bis work on Mesopotamia (p. 301), that, aa 
Mr. EUiot possesaed meana of obtaining infinmation which feil to tbe 
lot of few, tbe notea wbicb he left are of immense valne, more esped- 
allv aa th^ reapect tbe manners aad domeatic babita of the people. 

"Ui. Elliot had, at tbia time, just retumed from a miasion, composed 
of the two Messrs. Ljach and Mr. Stauaton, wbich had bäen sent to 
the Arabs, on the Eophrales. The; bad visited the tribea of Wäldijfi, 
Gizeb, Bu Sipihi, and otbera of tbe 'Anezeb. Tbeir reception was 
generali; ver; favourable, but os the; were beorers of preaents to tbe 
difierent sheücba, one of the Bedwin tribes, tbe Bii Lilcbi hj nam^ 
conceived the intelligent project of appropriating tbe wbole to them- 
selves; and the; followed tbe party for some da;s with these amiable 
intentiona, wbicb tbe; carried so far, as to wound one of tbe aerrants; 
but as tbia was explained awa; as a pla;ful accident, and Captain 
L;ncb's intimate acquaintance with tbe character of the people enabled 
hun to exbibit great Ibrbearance on tbe occaaion, a collieion was avoided, 
and tbe shelkb was afterwards anzious to compromiao the matter b; 
preaents, wbicb were not accepted. 

Mr. EUiot still wore tbe Dm'iab dress; and bence he alwajrs went 
b; the name of Dervfsb 'Alf. His manneis were eztremel; flightf, 
and never, for a moment, to be depended upou. At one time he was 
pni;ing and danciog witb tbe villagers, at anotber be would get up a 
quarrel with them. Having, one da;, indulged a little, he became 
nnwell; npon wbicb, altbough a dark night, be put a candle into a 
pmer-lantera, wbicb he bung by the bow of bis saddle, and took him- 
tm off, acroaa the ston; and deaert«d mountain districts, to Aleppo. 
He waa, bowever, notwitbstanding bis peculiarities, of great use to 
the ezpeditioD ; and after it broke up, waa empIo;ed b; Captain L;ncb. 
His ead waa melandiol; — having perished on tbe desert, between 
iDusaacus and Bagbdad. 

Wbile we were at Jindaris, tbe transport was going on with great 
sctivit;, notwitbstanding tbe difficulties which were still put in tbe 
wa; of obtaining beasts of draught b; the Turkoman cbieftain% 
Aluned Be;, of 'Umk, and Mohammed Be;, of Kilia. IbrÄbIm PÄshä, 
bowever, sent some ot bia ofQcers to aasist; and the; exerled them- 
aelvea, on one occaaion, with ao mucb eamestneae, as to carry awa; 
the ear of an unfortuuate buUock, os a tropb; of tbeir ezploits. A 
native ;outh was also killed in tbe road, baving accidentoll; fallen 
from bis horsci wben the wheels of tbe wagon went over bia bead be- 
fore it could be stopped. At tbia time, alao, a aailor, wbo bad re- 
covered from several attacks of ague at Muräd Paah^ baviog bad a 
relapae, bad been doaed witb quinine, tili he feil into a State of ^hoid 
Stupor, from wbich he could not be rouaed, and of wbicb be oltimatel; 
died at Port William. Tbe; were not, also, without tbeir mortali^ 
at tbe letter place. One of tbe Liverpool mecbanica, who bad obtained 
leave^ from constant illncas, to retuni to bia conntr;, perished on the 
road. A bombardier, of tbe royal-artiUei;, and one or two otbers, also 
feil victims to the severit; of tbe dimate, or tho fatjgue and exposure 
of the traa^ort. 



THB TBBIONATIOH OP THE TBAH8POBT. 243 

Fitqimes and myeelf took the opportunity, wfaile at' Jindaris, to 
nuk« an excunion into a rocky, dreary träct, on the north-west 
ahonlder of Shelkh BärÄküt; and about two-thirds of the wsj to its 
sunimit, where we found the principal pvt of the oonveDt of Saint 
Simon St/litea, situated near a handscone church «rith Toacan Win- 
dows. The convent itself was a quadrangular boilding, and had aislea, 
«ith double arches, along two of the sidea, and the remains of a h'and- 
■ome but small chapel inside. The usuol cistems were hewn out of 
the rock in the neighbourhood. It is at this convent, and not at the 
mins of Bin KUisä, " the thousond churches," of Antioch, that tradi- 
tion has placed the ecene of those pioua eihibidoos of the STiian zea- 
lot, which could onlf ^proximate, a then jouog religion, to th^ 
länatic Performances of the Hindern yogues, or fakirs. 

Nearly a mile and a half to the northwajd, were other ecclesiastical 
niins of the same kind; and also, two miles southward, was another 
pile of aimilar buildings, like the others, constructed out of the same 
grej limestones as the cistems are hewn out of, and of which theae 
hillj diatricts are mainly compoaed. 

At Jindaria, the mean temperature of the month of November was, 
in the first fortnight, 64°; in the third week, 60°. The rainy seasoa 
was now fast approaching; the tnnsport waa expected to be sooa 
over; and prepüationB were in consequence made to remove the sick 
to Port William, from whence Doctor Staunton arrived on the 2{}th, 
with a covered wagon, in which the beds were dispoeed in succeasion, 
so aa to make a tolerably comfoitable ambttlatwe, We started on the 
23rd, the doctor aod myself Walking b; the aide of the vehicle. The 
fint night we got our sick bivouacked in a Kurdiah tent, on the ' AfHn j 
Kod the aecond daj we reached 'Az4z, from whence I started with the 
Interpreter, Tübi^ Sa'adft, to Eilis. On retoming to 'Az^ on the^ 
STth, I fbnnd that the sick had gone on; and I overtook them the 
mne evening, at the riUage of Mah-wt'irt Charlewood and Fitgamea 
were learing, the tame day, with a heavj weight. 

From 'AzÄz, we advanced upon the gre«t piain of NOTthem Svna, 
which, at a mean elevation of 1300 feet above the level of the Medi- 
terranean, has been incorrectly described as a desert, bat wbich is, 
in reali^, everTwhere fertile and cultivated, like the remainder of the 
p"h»lilc of AlBppo, b]r a mixed population of Kurds, Turkomans, 
Araba, and Syrians, whoae numeroua villagcs are acattered in every 
directioa, generallj marked hj the presence of a tel, or mound, and 
aome of which were mnch better off than others. Perhaps the best 
belonged to the Syrians, as at 'Ak Deyarln, and other villages in the 
dietrict of 'Ailän, " the powerful," north of Aleppo. The next in 
Order belonged to the Tnrkomans, and have been previously described; 
and tbfl third, to the Kurds and Arabs, amang whom a permanent 
dwelliog ludda a middle place between a house and a tent. One large 
•paitment serves for every purpose, a part is fitted np as a stähle, 
•nother accommodates the cattle, a third serves as a störe for the pro- 
vender, and the fourth ia appropriated to the family. The houaea in 
the villages vary from fifleen to forty in each. Tents are pitched 
dartDg the warm season. Unlike the vale of Antioch, so productive 
in mnlberry, viue, olive, bay, laurel, and myrtle, these higher plains, 
exoept when cultivated, are void of trees and shmbs, except near 
Kllii^ where tbere are extensive olive-groves, mach wheat, and barley: 



TH> nBUnxAnoK w THB ntureroBT. 945 

W«ctiqiped&eiii^titElBe7U,ortbeBer;r^rUli^i andtbanext 
^j, M Hliji WvSfyi mnd the SOth, m nmebed 'Axia «1 'iU«b, on the 
S^är. This river rises in tiM hiHj rmon, betw«eB *Ain-tib mi 
Bdm-E^'eh, racmva a hnndt from^Arfl, Itovra put Tel Kbdfd, ra- 
cäves s werterij affloent, caUed the Ktndurt, BMthcr ««^ kriIIi- 
«att froiD Tel 'Ie^, pwaea 'Az6b, and llsws int» E(q>kntn, bcbt the 
vülagfl of Sprint, Äe «ndaU OeiliaM, ttaamtg Are Aoit ImnckaB 
and B«r ülaDdai Viaeoant Ft)Bin|[toD asentÜDed &at &ü rivcr ms 
^ofollof flah; bathepnperfydoidMeditsidentityiiilh theChahu. 

Hie fiäkmim d^, we rMcbed K^tAik Koi, <ff the üttle vaiage; 
■ad the 2Bd gf Deoca^er, m paased ifae Kersa, bj a düi^tdaAed 
M^e. TUe lindet ia formed by the janction of two streaflas, one (rf* 
whidi II0W8 frem the hüls above Ifiiir, tfas ctfacr from those ab«v« 
KiMb. Theae uatte cm the pkia, W flow ioto EnphntM, « fev nflea 
to ^ sootb of «rfiei« we crosasd the iiliiaiii 

We reacKed Fort WüäaiB the aase aftemoon, who« onr receptioo 
WM rather IngnbrioaB. Ihe siea did not af^Mar to relidi tbe radter 
melancholf appearance of oar ooDToj, and whidi had oftan OD the Riad 
exdted the curiomty of the natiTea. 

Hie Bick were, however, soon disposed of. The Mesars. StauDton 
had conrerted all the snbetantantial bnildiiigB, withia the predncts of 
the Btation, with the exccfttion of the meBs-room, into hospitaJs, and a 
halütatiaB for themadvea, wlddi was, howerer, foani to be so t»m- 
modions, that Col^iel Estcourt aflerwards got a comer in iL AU who 
were weU, were left to manage for themselves; and a motlej Bcene it 
was: Bome living in tenta, oAers ander teniponuy sfaeds; and a party 
of tors had made a bonae, by tuming a rafl upaide down. Murphy 
had taken up bis abode in the obaervatoiy; and Coloael Cheaney had 
aong^t refnge on board the ateaMer " Esj^iratee," where I was h&iyy 
to join him. The c(rfonel had been very Ul; orer-fatigne and exer- 
tion, added to the vexotion of qiirit, indoced by the delaya in the 
tranaport, and tbe ^it^neaa of tfaoae aräo&d hin, inde the ferer of the 
conntry detennine itaelf more particalariy to tbe brain, and hia life 
had been for smne time despaired of. 

On the 16tb, there waa a Sharp froat; snd aAer that, the weather 
ahemated between rain, enow, and ttoaL Ha ioterior of the port 
was oonrerted into a mau of mod, tfarongh whitA it was neceaaBiy to 
wode, to go from one place to aaiotber. A^ne became, under these 
cimmutancea, still more rife than evo"; and to the sdentiflc party, 
who had to take it night abont, to count the nbrationa of tbe tedious 
pendulum, the weather a&d eMfdOTnient beoaate ray trying indeed. 

Boiler after boSer, aectioas of eteanKTs, and otfaer heavy weighta 
had, howerer, gradnally been ccaüng in; there did not now remain 

ronch in the rear of the expedidonj and irith the [""7 for renewed 

exertjons, the apirila of the offloen seemed to have received a new 
Impetus. Tbe heavy w^fata began, fauwever, to 16A in the mud; 
and die wagonsVere sometimes obHged to be pnpdled hj haad-ja^, 
at the rate of abont a hnadred yards a dn. TUs waa trnly ttying to 
tbe patience, with flfty or tfx^ milea of read b rfwo tliem. Under 
this eme^entj, Üx syston of b riu g L : ^ on a nomber «f the beary 
wdghts at Ae same time, wiäi baUocka, was gireo apt and one was 
hro^ht on at » läae, witii aar owb hacsBiit awiaied by aD the aTOilable 
honda. 



246 THE TEBMIHATIOH OF THE TSAIIBFOBT. 

Ät Mnr^ P^6, tlie country was naw inniidated; and whero the 
etaüon had formerly been, was tike a portion of the Uke. The boilerg 
of the Tigris had to be warped out of the waters by manual Ubonr. 
Mr. Hector only found the diving-beU 1^ feeling for it with a Itmg 
pole; and it was perseTeringly rolled luider water for nearly half a 
mile before it could be lifted into a carriage. Not to mention the 
unmber of bnllocka, eight hnndred and forty-one camels, and one hun- 
dred and sixty mules were employed at one time in the arduons labour, 
and the Commander had at length the satififaction of eeeing the last 
heavy weight arrive. Thia was a day of great rejoicing at Port Wil- 
liam. The British ensign floated from ita mud-portals, and bannen 
were displayed &om its Btill more muddy intrenchments; bnt as llie 
long tr^ of horses, and the gaUant band of perserering men and 
officers amved within ita precinctB, and with many a halloo and ehont 
of encooragement, the ponderous wagon creaked through the nairow 
gateway, — a hearty cheer hailed thie happy termination to a moat 
difficult and trying undertaking, which Stands, at present, withont a 
parallel in the history of exploratoty expediüons. 



THE LADY LUCILLE AND HEB WEDDING BROOCH. 



Taa Lsdf LvciUe wu blne-ejed and bir, 
Witb ehüming Bgait, md gnceM air, 
And thining curli cd' golden btir i 
Bnt, alu I to confeu Bhe im only helr- 
(at, to b« feminine, bat for the tqjid^ 
Pudon the dip nf ihe gender Ihis time) 
To tbe gold, that gleMn'd in her trcnM rare. 
Her papa wm an Earl, bat extnmely poor — 
For bii ttatioD, that ü ; 
Bat tfaere'« no doabt of thii, 
That a c^ttain on hilf-pif , 
Or major, I dara ny, 
Or conle, od muül [n^, 
WoDid have thoogfat himself bkn'a, 
Inilead of dialreird, 
At having to live, on the thoannd» clear, 
'Whieh tny lord coald claim at the end of tbe ycar. 
Bat u erery an« owni that the " gnitlanan" poor 
Kno«i the »ont kind of povertj folkc can enoore. 
So bj nieiital arithmetic, eoij and nm^ 
We dilcorer without any prophet or Mer, 
Hav much worte the poverty ii of " a peer." 

Tbe I«d; LociLe wu mmewfaere betveen 

Fall blown tventy and budding eiKhleen; 

Bnt Jan at that age, for the tale-teller^ page, 

A year or two matten bot little, I «een. 

Yel boM, geiUle realer, if yon ire preräe, 

Jott k>ok m the Peenge, and ihere in • trice, 

Toa will find Ehe i» book-d, to the month, «od the day I 

And bere let ni panie for a momeat (o say. 

Hat "«Oman ihonld serer be dated," 'tii hinted. 

And therefbrt 'lit numilroai her age iboald be prinled. 



THK UU>T LCCILLE ASD HER WEDDINO BRCXKB. 

80 we thinlc there shoiild be 

A Uw «od decTN — 
Cnrianlf iKmi'd, » lodety fonn'd — 
Foc nmpnMDg «ocb dnll biogiBphical detiili ; 
Tlioagh while vet in her leen*, it ii leldom ihe nils 
At the a1d-&shion'd tiick, lo irhicli wme people itielc, 
Of keeping mj young ladj'» birÜvdST ; 
Bat wbcD baira half-centmy'i pau'd qoite ftvajr, 
The " happy relnmi," ihe from nunj lipa leuni, 

Are qnite aulre chat, 

Ai ibe vrry wgU kiioiri. 

And &r mora Uke thoH 
Whieh «re onially caUed Bluk Hooday t 

Asd vhile Te ue apeakiog 

Of prewDt rulei bTMking, 

And Tenseaitee «oald wreak 

OiL all wbo ahotild leek 

To hlot their dntl page 

Witt a fcir ^tdft age, 

I wooU, I contew. 

In additinn loppri 
AU the T«ry aMooiihü „ 

Which are «ni-s-pnpM, 

Ai expericDce möii iheir, 
Likeptactice oppoicd to pet theoriM ; 
For 1 still irill aver, 'ipite of reiner booki, 
That "a lad; ii ooly the age tliat alie lookc" 

Well, tfae I^ady Lncille tu the neit wcek to wed, 
80 tbe Dewipapen laid, and tboae oracl« drtad:, 
Of coarte, ortet make the ilightest mistake ; 
'Twai an exeellent match, (the spitetiil süd, ■• catch j") 
But her lorer waa hand«ome— had aeuM and e^rit— 
Wm joit twenty-fiTB i—n why it malt be, 
That, becaote he wai rieb, and a dnke in d^ree, 
ll waa only ■* a catch," I can't »ery well Me ! 
*Twai in London — September, nhxa noboUe« meet, 
Aad tbe grau growt high in Salat Janea'i Street ; 
Bni the Lady Lucille had come np to town, 
For only three dayi, in mcum be It known, 
To ipeedily bay, and the qnality try, 
Of gloTei and perfornei, that aladyconiOBei; 
Aod aatiiu and lilka, and bonneU and cap«, 
And «eWeta and lacei, tnd other (ocb trapa, 

Wbich a bride muM command, 

When ihe gtre* her lUr hand. 
She'd been ihop^ing aU day— (how the mtnwy had flown !) 

And DO« «ith mamma. 

And " dear kind papa," 
Id exeellent homonr they lat at dcaiCTt, 
For Je*t or for itory, alive and alert 

There «aa alao another, 

A tall, handaome farother, 

Wbo, with face »un-bum'd, 

Had juat retorn'd, 

"With hii regimenl " «ack," 

Thoughofnipe«iino"lac'' 
From the gorgeoua land «her« the uanget rolu. 
And— the Tertieal lun all cwnfcwt eonlroli. 

No« of ÜRer and elephant hnnüng he t^»5<^,^ , _ ., ,. ^ , 
And of •* Griffina" ao •' preen." ho* the ■; Old Handa lold Ihem j 
The Lady Locille ihewM her beautiftil nng. 
And Ihey talk'd of the Duke, and tbey talk'd of the wedding, 
And the many et ceteraa, auch ti^ic» bring. 



THB I.ADT 1.IICIU.B AUD KHS WWBOtSQ BBOOCB. 



Nu, pkntT— Mi«mM% I tatf ■i»t llan." 
•"nte oiMtei Mt iMta l_wfe]r 4m^ tkar WMT r 
" <^ Mi^ Btm BMd, tf Ds etMkM« VC iää— 
So Mt mA« * roat ; 

For withoat Mf doolit, 
The ffan'* Bot pol osW 
In dui Bonig «boot : 
'1^ a wooder thsy fbond 
The fork» to gc roand." 
SotalUag and langhing, th« Ur bridedtc^ 



ThraWi 



Theo W dMT Uule mooth. m «U« m ti 
m'd, nntilit look'dioandManO; 



Sbe open d, nnal it look d raand m an 
And the filbert popp'd \», and vUle k 
Expeeted to «in the kernel wilhiB, 
In that primitiic mj, vhidt totk» to tiua oaj 
VI» haven't grA ciacken, an Um tB Mi^. 

"Goodgraoioiul Ob, ahockiogt— ah,i>kat lUl Idol 



That dnadfU Buhi 1 

Andiaaaca-aidfri^ 

At the ahoöhing ught, 

Tbe oM Mri möiter'd 

A '•ord aM stur'd 

In beariag pifitB. 
Bat afM bar fait woi4i ef hnnr and griK 
Tita Ladf LaeiUa w Man fcood rdief i 
Whilc tha dmAot ike frottad, dw fatother b« ptttcd 

Bia dear lieile nato', 

And OHM or twiee kWd her. 

" Bat hark I (hcre'i a knock 1" 

Twaa a Unlbl« ahocfe 

To tbs voe-bccooc flo«k. 
Which made np Hiat pat^ earrt. 
*"Tii the Doke r nid tbe e^ vith a firrible noan i 



Bot Ibe Eonateai caa^t 



"Not Blb 

That is, we am flown 

To . How doli f 

I meau, m; gi 



>, von arc vroog— — 
" H7 dcar, liold jonr toagnt t 
Aad di7 Aoa« rid *yta, 
That U, if Toa're «iie, 
Aad good loofci JOB pritai 
In the gteH take a peap, 
Aad joall Mon ccaae to veen 
If frin tean 7011 caa kaep ; 



TH> läMLY IXKtlXM AXS HEB WSIKDIIiQ BBOOCH. 249 



t. tcui dont bnoaa JOB, 

For ÜMf wMh »vmy bMOtr, ud ddn wrinUei^ U 

So «v« OTtT OTiiiC, 

Asd iDopiiif HM «viüff— 

Wc'd betur be tr^iag 
To Sud oal Üu ben lUng to da" 

Well, ih« Dext iBOTiiiiif ouDe, 

Aiid oat p«Tt7 the mne, 
fLucUle io her büinet, ibe'd reaMn to den il,) 
At ImtkAtt were Ibniid s bot tbe euriap cune k 
Smm feil to the ground, u if cill'd hj tM »Mild 

Of the Terj flnt dock itrikiag len ; 
Vbea the Ladj Locitle, wi lighl lad ifOe, 

Siepji'd bu the earriige— and thea 
Game also her brother, and not anj other, 



So the itepi thej wat roll'd so tgain I 
Tbe time piit'd awa; — it migbt n eleraii, 
VlwB the Dnke valk'd in, vith pa 




Fmn Aar or pride, 
It «ete ai well joa tboold not dvell 

Whh eortaiAi opea'd «ide ; 
Nor U it meet, that from the ureet, 
Eaeh paner bj, ihoold qnite deacij, 

Yoor draghtcr takins kinea. 
Na*, do not hint, iheie * DOthing in'^ 
Or dreaa of uumi that tbia ia ; 

r, with •miliog brov. 



He dana to lide, 
Jnat nde bj nde, 
U j praniMd bnde. 
In jonr ovo curiage yenow." 

Tbe CooDte«* «nOed— « ndtant (mHei 

Tbe Duke, he waoder'd more (he wbile; 

And Ihn) ehe tpoke — a ihort pante bNk^— 

" Barry bat Easded yi '— 



4 jeaterdar, 

Uinga laatlier I 



LncUle b with her brother r 

Tbe dnk« laak in the neant ehup— 
Thej optd the «indow «idc fiir air ; 
Bat thoogb b« Mt bia aagoiah melt, 
"Twixt yo« and ae. he did not mm, 
Wh)r it ihMild be, that «<ren he 
Wm not the night before adminad i 
Tet wilUoglj ha nov tnbmitted, 
Nor doabti of LaüUe'i faith penaltlaA 

Bh« «ith her brolher toon retnnw, 
Bnt «hat thatr emsd, no one laanw | 
Awhile they ehaited, tili at lact, 
A «ertain look the CoontcM eait— 



£ IaAbt lqcillb and her wbddino bbooch. 



The hint -wu ta'm, bot uk'd tgün, 
Hammi aod «od, thej both were gtaifr— 
The t«ven «et« »iaii«. 

Tii often tliiu fotki make k foss 

Aad gentle •gitaiiooi 
Cr nbe uj) Mrife, the itormi of life, 

With tnfling pnparation ; 
Bat find it not, an nwf lot, 

To quell their petlnrbatioD ; 
So, whca diiniBj d, and half i&^d, 

They leave to aome relation 
Or ptniiig friend, to m«ke tn ead 

Of anj nch «enutioa. 
Bat tbough the Counteu viah'd her danghtcr 
To poDT the ml on troublrd Ttter, 
She little knew the pUn that caag^t her. 

" Ludne, yonVe been frettiEg~rm «nra yoo have »ept ; 

Forrnyaelf, I miut own, sot a viuk bave I slepl." 

" If I teil you a lecret, will you keep it quile ? 

And vhelher it be of sadaesi or glee, 

TTiU 700 love me ai well BS jouloTfd me lact night?" 

80 Skid Lady Lacille ) and I think ehe wai right 

To make neb t, bargain, for pnioli «e might bring 

That B •ecret i> ofteo a üleable thing. 

What the Duke laid, I knoir not— 

Biographen shew not — 
It can only be guew'd, or, by context exprew'd. 

■• Mnnimn meBni for the best, 

Bai, ob ! I can't Teat, 
Till Walter, 1 1«II yoo, indeed tbe «hole trnlh— 
That in cracking a filberl, I broke my fh>Dt tooth I 
And thii momlng I went — or rather «aa lenl, 
yVith the hope aad deaire it might not transpire. 
See I B ne« one i« bere— ao there's nothing lo fear." 

" Dear Lacille," aaid tbe Doke, " what a temble thing ! 
Do« it bort you, my love? — can you eat, can yoa wg? 
Let me look at it nearer — I will, I declare— 

ir don't be so fooiiib, bot bold back yoor hair ; 

' —-le to tbe Window— *"■ -" — ^-"-' 
n teil «hieb it ig, Ol 

80 coDtinned tbe Doke, aller cafefbl inipectioD, 

And eipretsiiig belief he'd ineceed in deteelion. 

Now wai this a fib 7 To speak to the letter, 

III own to leave doubtfnl the answer it heiter. 

Bat, oh 1 if & fltk 'twBi a white Utile tbing, 

Such as often from kind bearti are known to take wing, 

When they happen to calch 

The hint of a icratch. 
Od that delieate textare, the miod'* epidermii, 
(tfat all nndentandable any auch teim ia;) 
And I tomeümes conid dream, that the ansela od high, 
Wbo keep mnndane acedanlt, beyond tbe Uae sky, 
Saab yery white Abs not only e^ee. 
Bat cbange them from debtinr'* to creditor'a place ! 

Tet how itrange a part 

1« the hnman heart I 
Fof while fibbing himaelf in tW« reiy white way, 

The dnke with a tetVmg, 

Beyond hii concealing. 



THE LASY LDCILLE AND HEB WEDDÜTO BROOCH. 

Dtcland for ber «andonr, he lOTtd her tbat daj 
Fit bajood all tbe power of his wcndi to conTej I 
So 'tii clcmr tfaat no htrdthip «c leut he had fcoud 
In keepmg the pnnuiie by whieb be mi boond. 

Bat befon thii lon^ tCorj we dnw to « dote, 

One other brief incident ve mmt diiclote : 

TwM ■ ttii uitomn ntoniing, the nm atniggled throngh 

Hi« mutlc of doad ;— bot ire've nothiog to do 

Ezcept irith Lodlle, 

Who u% thonghtfal and UiD— 
TwH her wedding honi 1 

Vbile her maid, ibe nnfttrlt 

Tbe bridc'i golden curla, 

To enwreath tbem «ilh pMTll 
And the orange flowcr. 
Bat i« drow «ere the pearli in her golden h^r, 
Or all pi«ttr thingi that the bride migbt ireai, 



latgl 
A PILBBBT, ("proper,' Ibeliere, 



r, ("prop 

hcraldi w 

Tvai atodded o'er irith emenlda grecn. 
And mbiei richeit eier leen, 
While trom the poiot there bimg » gern. 



Borne hatten jonnger ic_ 
A brave conimi»ion — glorr fraughl. 
And Bo • (ill; hdreu raoght ; 
Or — if anchDaaghtj tbiap aredone — 
A teat in parliament bare von ; 
Bot not br the irorldliag'« poor meaanre ofgold, 
Wa» the wonh lo Loeille of her WEDDING BROOCH to 

For tbefc wordi neatl; chaaed, 

Whbin il mre inced,— 
" Ai THK DIAHOND ixceU Evnv jkwxl we Tnii>. 
So TBDTH u XBB on PKni.BH oui or tu Mixd I" 



EVEET MAM HAS HIS DE. JOHNSON. 

BT LAHAN BLAHCUA&D. 

One of tbe worst faulte of hiunan nature is tbat hostUity, or, in gcntler 
bosoms, that indifference, to the excellences of othera, bj which ire 
fielflshly seek either to obtnin a prcference for our own, or to avengo 
our want of them. In some, the defect arises from injenaibitity to 
everj kind of good in which tbc:y hayc no Bbare; in others, it is con- 
«cious jealoaay and aullen mortiScation atwitnessing a auperiority they 
d«em unattainable. In either fonn, it constitntea one of the sorioas 
illa of life. 

The babit of detraction is fortunately a costly one to its calttrators. 
A man cannot toss his dinner out of window, and ci^oy it too. Whnt 
be is always flnding fatilt witti, he cannot profess to take pleasure in. 
The muaic he censures as execrable, can flU him with no ecstatic emo- 
. tions. Tlie wit whom he pronounces to be ■ dull dog, he must in 
eonaistency avoid, and leave the gay Company to their roars of laughtcr. 

VOL. VI. 8 



i 



302 BTSBS MAK BAS HU DOCTC» JOanOH. 

The good thing et vkicli be chooMs to aSeat üaKk«» ■ Is him & thing 
lost The cbnt ha thisks corted, ho nut pit Aat is bis Io<^ 
ouL The pleaiwrt people whom he eateeme it tt poiiit of gnndenr to 
hwk coldly upon 'or despise, sre confeasedly Bot those in wbose eociefrf 
he con be allowed to seek the social lazniies. Tbni, tbe man whose 
di^KMition is to dispange, is svre to be » loser, tad vcrf ofitea tbe fbD 
extent of bis deprräiati(m is tbe exael taeiaan of hie Iobb. 

It is a consdousnes« of tHs result, peihftps, that prompts in some 
mind« tho establishment of a sort of rallying-pcHnt for justice and 
generosilr^ — a barrier, to prevent cme-ndeil pgndice from wholljr 
destro^ng tbe balance. Thus, amidst a de«d-lm^ waste of dispanee- 
ment, the; raise a temple to flattery. To i^pease tbe giants tbe; de- 
preciate, they extol to the skieB some doli, dwarfieb pretender. Baving 
abused and run doirn the wbole wM'ld, they am to «tsoe for injoatice 
and iU-fanmour, and perftnin (»odigies of impatüaHtj by ciTing up s 
worm wri^Ung on the world's aurface. They concnr in no populär 
judgmenta of great men; but tbej have always a littte one of their 
own, witb whose greatneas jou ara one daj to be astonnded. Wbaterer 
"is," they dther trample upon or poss by witboot notice; bat their 
own paragon which is " to be," they ezpect yon to admit as a reality 
and a wonder without forther queation. 

Aasuredly, if there be a tendency to disparage, thtce is an eqnal 
tendency to admire and exalt, in the bomanjty that moves about ua 
continually. Übe ordinary world is foll of extraordinary humonrs. 
The enemy of idol-worahip likes to keep a little pet god or pocket 
divinity of bis own. If we mu3t have something to vent our apleen 
upon, we must also bftve something to paff and Yenerate. Hero- 
worship is ererywbere. It is a Tita! prindple in the religion of social 
life. There ia no such thing ae a oonaistent leveUer. Eveiy man has 
bis Dr. Johnson — we were äi bom Boawella, and we deny our destinj 
in vajn. 

Wben the rgoicing Jaraes taJked about the tand being J<juisoniaed, 
he was only exulting in a very ancient fact, which he esteemed to be 
firesh-bom. Men bare " talked Johnson" from the beginning, and 
other men have Boswellized them. 

The casea are by no means few, in which Uock Doctora — Sham, not 
Sam, JobasoiiB, that never bad an existence — in short, r^ular Mr, 
HaniB's, are brought out and paraded before the eye of imaginatioD in 
deceptive shew. It is a fact perfectly well known to most discerning 
people, that in private life authoritiea are continually cited, which are 
purely imaginary. Scores of persona are in the habit of thua drama- 
tixing their own dissertetions npon tbe most common-place topice; 
and in place of their plain ideaa on a sulgect in polttica or fuhion, 
medicine or morala, they will produce you impersonations of their 
opinions, in the ehape of " people they have heard of," or " somebody 
they knew," or a " distant relatioa of a friend of theira." 

But it is with the substantial, not the shadowy, that we have here to 
do) witb the real falseidtdswhtnn people Setup for gratnitouareverence 
and worship, to excuse their own inveteratc antipathy to others with a 
better dum. 

Ibve idols take all ehapes, and bear many names. Sometimes 
they are brought into notice in the form of very young men of very_ 
peculiai genios; aometimes they come to light in the likeueu of oÜ 



EinBT HAH H&S HIB DOCTOS JOKKSOir. SSS 

woaun. On otfcer oecanooa, ü>tj mn gi^-beaded pUloaopben. Nov, 
tbejr are quite unuaght — a phentMnenon dag out of ■ eoal-mine, or 
turäfld up hf tbs {dough; preaeat^, tbe proÄgj m a oeatim who lias 
ÜMHua c d tbe globe, «od riMn thröngh infinite stages of eartfaly- ex- 
parience into a heaTen et inlcU^ence; bj and by, it take» tbe nnpie- 
tanble form al «ome mjaterioas and portentoni penon, not to be m<n« 
pnticaterif aUuded to. In ibort, tbe sbape varies witb tbe aubject; 
tbe prodigf is, for the moit part, eqoallj an antbori^ on eveiy poiat 
tbat ean be itüted. 

Tbns, whea 70a an cloKted witb tbe proprietär tX a pet prodigjr, 
and yonr talk ie of Bhip-building, he teils you tbat Lucas, tbe pariäh 
doelor, tboi^ be nerer wae off sbore in bis life^ bas eoch an aatoniBbing 
toiB tbat w^, tbat tbe Lords of tbe Admiraltj wonld give bim any- 
tbiag if be wonld bnt Kt to work in bis own miracoloua manner; and 
of coune, all y our argnments, as to the craditian of oor nav&l force, 
•re at ooce beaten doxre witb — " Aj, aj, but Lucas sajs — and weil 
be nui7 «7, for be is cleartf of optnion, and he mnst know; wdl, 
Laoao, tboi^ be was never on board ship, confidentl;- aaj»— — " 

And whea, on tbe morrow, jonr discourse ia of arcbeij, tbe string 
of jour bow is snapped at once by tbe announcement — " Ton see, I 
bappen to be acqnainted witb tbe very man who knows more about 
Htm lobject than any other person in Europe. Lucas, obf paridi 
dootor, though fae is not a practical Kotrin Hood, jet be declares, and 
aobody, I faner, would like to dispute bis autbority ; — well, now, 
Lneaesaya " 

Or snppoee tbe oonversation to take any other tnm, the assertion made 
wonld bie in the same confident loue : — " This ii a point tbat most be 
left to Lucm; nobody understands it like him; Lucas saya " 

A» nobo^ knowe anrthing of bim, nobody can say anything against 
bim, and tbe assertion of bis superiority is thus Bure to be uncontradicted. 
Bint yoor belief tbat be is ao impostor, and yon are threatened witb 
Tan-Ioads of inefragable teslimony, which it is req>ectfully hoped yoa 
will consider yourself bouud in hcüionr to read tfarongb. Venture but 
a Word of doubt or denial, and yon will nerer bear the last of tbe 
Iffodigy. But if yon would esc^te persecution and trouble, join in 
patronising him! It is olways to bc observed, tbat if you dispute the 
pretcBsions of the nnknown, you estabUsh them on a stronger basis 
than erer; but wben yon coneur in protonging the flourisb of the 
tmmpet, yon have a chaace of blowing him to Atoms. 

Duectly the possessor of a pet genius, of the das« pecuüar to private 
Ufe, and warranted nnknown, discovers that you have taken a deep 
interest in the fate of the wonderful being, bc himself gives bim np. 
Only renew yonr inquiriee about him frequently — devise a plan for 
bringing bis Tast neglected lalents into the foregronnd — double your 
■dmiralion instead <£ allowing it to diminish, generously protesting 
tbat he »hall no longer pine in obscarity if he can help it — and tben 
make yoor mind eaay for the future, for yon will bear no more of bim. 
Bis fint patron stops wbere you begin. He bas no notion of a half- 
aad-balf syitem. His deity can have but one worsbif^yer at a time> 
Two Toices praising it at once, and proclatming aloud its clatm to 
■npport, invoWea a dpgreo of pnblic notice which is fatal to a genina 
intended spedally for privacy. If he cannot keep bis wonder of the 
worid for bis own nie, he qnietly drops him aa belog no wonder at alL 
b8 



25i . BVEBT «AH BAS HU DOCTOK JOHHBOM, 

This >a a rulc that haa scarcel; an exception, and the fact is a very 
usefui one to know. 

For, granting that a man, when he seta np a Doctor JobuGon tot his 
own personal ends, in the faehiou adverted ta> b reallj elerating srane 
kind of merit, and sonnding praises which deserve to be pretty loudly 
Buttg, still it is odions and intolerable to hear eren of merit at all honrs; 
to be seized npoii, waylaid, stonned, choked, deafened, and made dnmb 
by merit. But ihere is rarely any such thing in the case. He fignre 
set up has commonly ae much Teeemblance to a wit, scbolar, or sage, 
as an Engliah November Guy Fankee beara of likenees to Ihe appollüig 
and deroted Spaniard. 

The hnnters after auch curioGities pick up a pig-driTer with a poetic 
tum, and call him an Apollo. That done, there is no getting on with 
the conversatioi), or the work in haitd, whatever it may be. Be sU^a 
the way in every direction. 

Mention the new work by the great anthor of the day, and — "Well, 
it is curioua — quite an interesting coincidence; they have only that 
moming seen a new work — so new, that it has nerer been printed; 
and tdking of the great author of the day, they do venture to 
predict " 

You then shift the ground, and talk of your own afiäirs, modettly 
histing, as a matter that might interest yonr friendly hearers, that yonr 
overture is finished — that you think some difficulties have been snr- 
mounted, and that as for the effects At this point, one of the Com- 
pany is sure to be renünded of a most astonishing but unknown genins, 
whose compositions are not at all below Handel'B. He has not yet been 
prevailed upon to do anythiug — that is to say, he has never finished a 
piece fairly off— he wont — nobody can persuadehim — genius is so self- 
willed; bat his touches are tremendous hits, and his Uttle bits are 
tnily gigantic 

Should some kind bouI, in tenderness to your damped hope tnd crest- 
follen vanity, slip in a word here, referring back 1o the overture, the 
allusion only serres as a second reminder. 

" Oh, as for an overture, it ia the very work in which he so wonder- 
fuUy exceb everybody; but you will never get him to do one — no, not 
he — he is so vaatly clever." 

The assumption of these peopte is not sheer rndeness, nor do they, 
by their open falsehoods, oÄen intend anything so ill-natured as an 
offeace to your understanding or your feelings. Thehabit ia traceable 
prindpally to vanity. They caonot with decency take the Johnsonian 
chür themselves; breoking in upon a pkilosophical discussion with tbe 
announcement that they propose to eupersede a profound theory, or 
edipse a great pracdcöl wonder, like gas or steam, by undreamed-of 
diMWveries; but they can teil you, with a solemn visage, that they have 
a friend who does! It is quite impossible — although they are not 
bashful — to introduce themselves all of a sudden as actual spirils of 
the Bge; but the next desirable thing to thia impossibility ie singularly 
eaay; and tbat is, the insinuation that they posscsa one as an article of 
personal property — a spirit bottled up, whoee existence is a secret, but 
whose influence is to overspread the earth hereafter. 

Thia is taking credit for sometfaing, and this is rcally being some- 
body. They are great, as the discoverera, the patrons, the kecpers of 
greatnesa — which ia to cxhibit itaelf one day if it likes. They do to 
wish you could only see thia eitraordinaiy friend of theirsl — they are 



ETEBT KAK HA8 HI8 DOCTOB JOHKSOH. 255 

Mure 70a will be surpriBed!— oh! very much indeed!— «nd they nuut 
introduce jou. 

But thej take care never to do that! 

" Aasurexüy," Baid one of these discover^«, the other momiog, 
(wben he was perfectiy sober and meditative,) " the three greatest man 
of whom m; reason caa take aaj meaaurement, or mj Imagination 
form any idea, are Äriatotle, Lord Bacon, and Sniggins. If Snl^ins 
be the greatest of the three— which I do not undertake to denj — it ia 
onl^r that, living in our own daf, he haa the advantage of the labonrs 
of bis two predccessors. In natural power he ia but their equaL" 

But JOU can't get him to introduce jou to Sniggina: that philoso- 
pher is his private propert^. The mighty mjateiy lodges aomewbere 
about London, pertups, and reads " Chambers's Inf<c»inatioa for the 
People;" or possibly be anglea for erer by '< some nameleas stream's 
nntrodden bonks," juat breadiing away his life; but, sun-diied or 
anu^e-dried, one never cau meet with him. He might aa well be 
vhere Äriatotle, tüs renowned equal, ia. Sniggina is nowbere to be 
seeo. And tbis is the way with all the discoverers; they keep tbeir 
Snigginses entirely to themselves, while they insist, in the Bome 
breath, that they were " meant for mankind." 

Mankind, in fact, they lock upon aa man — that is to say, one man l — 
their otim Dr. Johnson! AU the world is to be tribatary to him. 
The famoos engineer and canal-maker, Brindley, being aaked, wben 
^eaking contemptuously of rivers as means of internal narigation, for 
what he conceived them to be made, replied, with a noble simpUcity, 
" To feed caaals." So with the persona pointed at; they would have 
DB Buppose that all great men were bom to pay homage to their rery 
little one ; who is extremely narrow, but not very deep, and much given 
to mn Underground; whom they keep cloae abut in, lock upon lock. 

Attempt to argue the point with one of these Champions of the 
iDuBtrious unknown, and yon are brouf^t directly to that dead-lock, 
which the confiicting Absolutes, father and son, arrired at: 

** Cattaim. Bare, lir, tbJ« u not veij reuonable, to tammoo mj iStetioni for a 
lady I know notluDg ot 

8ia A>Tso«T. I am tan, rt, 'tii mor« Dareuoiiable in yon, to o^cct to a 
Uj joa know nothing of." 

We may decide that in numerons cases the maater motive is vanity; 
vanity, the weakneas that creepe windingly to its o^ect, throogh a 
greater nnrnber of Channels, and assunws more ah^Ma and attitudes ia 
the attempt to disguise itadf, than perhaps any other tbat sours the 
temper, or enfeebles the mind. There ia no end to its tricks and 
Tagaries. It att«ns tbe same goal by the moit opposito roads. Some- 
timea it will affect to be a buge monster of concoit, in order to hide 
the small measure it is really conscious of contüning, and is defiirous 
of gratifying; while, at other times, it will juat confeas to a very 
little, the better to divert awakened suapicion from its enormous ez- 
ceaa. These are among the manceuvres of vanity. But of the forma 
in which it delights, one of the eapecial favourites is patronag»— 
|>atroaage ezclusirely enjoyed! Tbe exclusiveness, be it obaerved, is 
a tine qua hon. No enjoyment there witbout monopoly. Vanity 
muat flgure before all eyes in the handsome part of Gienerosity raising 
Desert from the dust, or Desert may remain down. If not always 
thia, yet tbe good work is freqaently abandoned the momentasustance 



256 XVEBT MAS HAB HU DOCTC« JOHBSOH. 

eamtBi pride can adnit no ftllowaliip. Uaaj- will recoDect, p 
with gratitude olloyed and saddened bjr disaf^ointment and pi 
the earty voicea thät exultinglj cliesred them oa in üfe whai tha« 
were fev or none to hslpi beüme feeUe wben that help airived, atiD 
loweriag in Une ts Ütß prcapercNu alHanwM which diose voices hai 
pradieted and eneoiinged were «ctoUlj acGoaqdiahed, oad at kng& 
hpong into a .perrene aad setded tSiaioe in the dajr oC eacoeaal !■- 
diSerent to ita biillianc^, abnost resentfol oi its attaimnenL 

Yet we mi^ fiu^giTe tbe genorons spiiit tfait itarla well in dw pH^ 
Boit of good for anotha-, bot cannot hold out, ntd is caieUsa wid 
wearj when the atske is won; eeeing how men so oft«n paraae tkdr 
own deorest olgects in life In ecactlj the same waj — flying «^ofy to 
their a<*w>fnpl'°*™*'" *, flagging as tbe chase praniaes to and ita pÜH 
«nd ätng^M Boeoeasfiilly and in tioaonr, and dun niceiTing theanee- 
desiiod price, weny, thaokleM, and nnenjoTing. 

Aa an affiür of conacience, moreorer, tbere is amaething naUiraB^ 
agreeable to natures of a certain order (ae we at first hinted) in äw 
noble pabonage of muxmacioaa alüUty in tho ba^-ground, and good- 
Beaa so nndiscoreivd, tliat it never even fonod ont ita own ezcdleoeb 
By celebrating virtue that is unkxown, some atomneot seems inadn 
Ar negleodng merit that is known; «nd wlüle dtere is nothing to bo 
gained by praising talemt which evsrybody rgoieea to admire, it bas * 
haadsome look to lavidi praisea npon taleM in obaeari^, wbes ita 
Bologista kDOW perieotly wdl äiat it can never riae np to mortüy tfaeaa 

WliSe their oelebration of diese qoalities proves the liberalitT f£ 
Iheir di^Mwticti, the h^py disooTery of them eetabiiafaee tbeir dais 
to aagacity. The glory of what thej were the firat to find oot is 
refleoted npon the finder; and thongh the thing itself be inviaible, ito 
r^utation daegdes the eye. They bave diacemed what the rest of the 
world &iled to aee, and take rank with great discoverecs: — ^with a 
Halley, who has a comet of his own, whicfa he fonnd one night; nd 
with an Elgin, whose oame is inseparabty connected with imperiahabls 
marblea, which he ia aapposed by some to have düselled — ^Uioug^ in 
tatst, he only chiselled the real owners. 

But to take a kiodlier, because a more universal Ttew of this pria- 
dple of idol-worship in social intercouree, and to vindicate the asser- 
ticm that ** Every man has bis Dr. Johnson!" Is it not tma that 
eveiy one has, in some shape or other, an object of Torerence, brfon 
wbidi all the muhiladinous individnal interests of the world böwl II 
it not trae that, certainly at one, perhape at erery successive period of 
his life, he has some dailing and cheriahed creature beside hnn, idxmt 
him, or at leaat alive witii him npon esrth, superior, incomparably, im- 
measorably superior in intereat and bean^, to all that eaiih can snr- 
vcy, prodoce, or glory inl A being brighter in his eyes thsu aan, 
moon, or stara — deeper and ridier in bidden wonders than the eirer- 
socumnlating ocean. This has every man living, or had, to whoB 
lutnral affections have not been utterly denied. 

Wfay, the prond, fond, yonng modMT posseaMS audi an olgect in 
lier «mly child. Lore and raptnre are in ba careaaes, bot there ia ■ 
aacred seotiment »trakened within, irtndi no tender caresa, no pa^ 
iBonate look, no bonied brealhing of afiection, can ever «qrresa. Ü Is 
too snbüe to be embodied even in andb Dances, kiasea, and aweet 
ma^M. The senaea are abaDow and damsy eipedients ibr «HurJ^sing 



ETBBT HAK HAS HO ItOCTOR JOHSBOS. 251 

what paases in her souL Sbe idoUzee nüier than Iotcb. There is no 
hero-worship Uke hen, aoae. 

The bc^ >etg up the Johnaonic prindple ai sehooL Of the half- 
dosen good fellows he Ukea, there is alwaja one for vhom he enifflr- 
taiiu & deeper feeUng of regard, to whom he looks np more admiringly 
«nd eamead/j and <j£ whoae heart he crtne» a ehare. lUa oadj pre- 
ference— thü choice of the one ^outh whoee diepositioii, temper, and 
maooers, supplj the dedred niodel, sitd «in Itie bojish faomage-^naj 
ofien contiiiue, and ripen into permanence in after-Ufe. But, shonld 
it terminate, as it often does, w!th the Tonthfiil period in which it 
bttu, and which it made & tisie of ^fFnihitiffni social cwifideuc^ and 
d^gh^ from the waking to the slaepiag hoon^ still it is snre to Im 
icnewed in later jean, in a ^ympathy jast as ardent and ezdnäre. 

For ibe schocÜof prefierence again aaseris itadf tlun, in the sefee* 
tKML of ft friend, who, » before, anpidies a Standard bj whldi to trj 
tbe worth of all feelingi and i^mons; an autlMiritf to which the 
jndgment is erer üudiued to defer, bnt which the hetr^ as thot(gh in- 
stindirelr, le^ to recogniae and ober. And even in Uteat ag^ 
wltea a cbcöoe is perhaps desied, when dear gronnda «f prefwenoe ase 
DO louger to be diacemed, and oew friatdahipa are not to be fbaad fbr 
the ahort, dim fature, the mind, atill tme to its habita of partiality, 
wSl ahoot back ioto tiie paat« and fix reverentiallf npon aome Bode] 
<f old, aome exan^de of auperion^ it once witneaaed, which it may 
adraire aad renerate to the laat. U haa ita Dr. Johnson ohrajis aiw 
nrean bf him whüe it cas articnlate. 

Andif it beapr^udiccandaweaknesathatbegfltsthishero-vwdhii), 
jf it be a blind and erring feeling that leads ua to tbe fdtar, Ict it aot 
be forgotten that it incalcBtes wd desnaoda tbe nfKwe et an unfdgned 
afiecdoD, and an onqueationii^ laith, in at least ok« of onr ooontless 
feUOTr^reatar co which is scMnething to Unk ob ckicer to liffl, tlun he 
cm be, who lods such lore and confidenoe from aH. Eren for the 
nke of thii amall aomething, it is as well to hxve one's Dr. Johnson. 
Hen^worship naj have its osea, and therefore ita pardon, if it bat 
teach thoae who are witboat venerttion of »aj kiod, to Gasten thean- 
fldrea enthnaiaatieally apou aome hero or other, howevw dinümtiT«^ 
Goienl Tom Ihambl 



SONNET. 



The World u« the worfcL's Iwpca an not vi(h äw< 
Far frosi ita prcaeac« thos an Ibod t» fle«^ 
And wrap liiM m tbe thooghti of aeasoni gasci 
Bot «hen grcat Natnre pnta ber tairof« on — 
Calla in tb« nMimiain thonder, aad the aa^ 
Aad wahea in atonoa ber wiatij nrebj, — 
Tbta doat Iboa Ufa— (lad is thjMlf aJonet 
For at bar awfkü voic«, ■vUl bunt in twain 
The twnda of Earth. and the ficcd ainiit aoan, 
AiidcUBaapan<rfaDBioaiidbeTl Vaia — 
Valn ia her trinmph I— «arthward aooo ibe lowen^ 
The heavy heart — the baining of th« brain 
Beoal the tntler taara ibe ceaaebaa poon. 



JOHN MANESTY, 

BT THE LATB WILLIAM MAOINK, LUD. 
CHAPTER XXVIL 



AvAT, uwoj, Bway,* with slmost lightning apeed, flew Manestj, nrliile 
Ogtethorpe, another conetable, and Hibblethwaite, rushed oa hia track 
as if tfaey were huuting Bome foul beaat of prej. At startiog fram 
Waverträe, the merchant was about a bondred yords a-head of bis 
pursuers — an advantage which bis white mare, Prue, was not long in 
increaeing. Whetber Manest; had anj specific object to attainin the 
cöurae be took will preseutl; appear; but certoin it is, bc avoided tlie 
banks of tlie Mersej , and strack eostward across tbe conntiy. Words 
of encooragement to bis mare were mingled witb sbarp strokes of the 
epur, and Frue, being in good condition, kept up tbe advance abe bad 
gained. 

Still, tbe man-bunters were not far bebind. Üaiiestj coald pUinly 
diatinguisb between tbe shonts of Ogletborpe and Kbbletbwaite, and 
even heard the rapid trampling of their horses. He, nevertheless, 
would not suffer any distrust, however slight, to cross bb mind, but 
fullj relied on the known fleetness, blood, and constancy of bia mar«. 

"Well done, Prue," said be, patting berseck; " Üiou onlj canat 
aarc tby nmster. Keep up, old lass; we shall bave a hard nm. I 
know tbou canat do tt, Prue. Keep up." 

Thus encouraged, the good steed, as if abe had undcratood ber 
master'a words, strained her limbs, and in a few minutes tbe sound of 
tbe pursuers, thougb still heard, grew more and more faint ; and 
Maneaty, having atreadj reached Knotty Aab, a distance of foiir miles, 
took tbe road towards Frescot, hoping, in the next four miles, to get 
furtber from thoae who were chasing faim ; and intending, aa he 
apprOBCbed the town, to avoid it by diverging from the highway, witfa 
a view to baffle Ogletborpe and Hibblethwaite, who be tbought wonld 
be likely to lose tdme in the streeta by making fnütless inquiries after 

Pme still kept gallantly a-head. In a little time tbe lighta of 

* Tbc exploit, daciibed in thii cbapter, tuaj poariblj reeal to tomt of «or 
naden certtin pun^ in the Ride to York, recorded in Rooswood. The n- 
temblanoe ii nther itnking, it mnat be ovned, and at fint ve teemed to recagniiB 
•ome old scqnainiaoeM ; irät, on nearar inipection, Maneatj'i mare prored to be 
«hite^ «hile Torpiii'a ma blaelt— if it had beeti gr^. it might havs prored the 
bettcr hone — to nj nothing of tbe pnnnira beiog called Oglelhorpe aiid Hibfale- 
thvaite, inatead of Coatea and Poienoo. The icenery and micnineiy ai^ m 
admit, pret^ moeh the «ame, except that as the road here lief betvean lirerpotd 
and MandieMer, tbe Dane) of placci reqnind, of neceaütj, altenttan. AU thii 
ia rery gralifying, aad we ahonld have be«D well content »ith the eonplünent paid 
OS by tnch nnintenlinul imitaCion, bad wc not tarti tbat «e, onraeltee, tnlgfat be 
■napectedofbavingaomeihsie in theoew eqneatrian perfbrmanee. Thia, we b^ 
to saj, ia not the cue. — En. 



JOHN HAKUTT, THE UTKKPOOL BCEBCHANT. 259 

Frescot were vigiUe. Manesty glanced n^idlj behind tum; bat, 
tLough tbe moon wu brigbt, he could discem nothiog of the punuing 
pwtf , neitber did 007 noise iodicate tiieir approadi. 

"BntTo. Prael" ex(^kilIled he. "I knew thou wooldst tiy thdr 
mettle. But the race is not won yet, saj Uss. Oa— on!" 

Futting in practice bis plan of making a circuit ontaide the town, in 
<irder, Kcordiiig to buuting pbraseology, to " balk the scent," Maaesty 
tnmed into a bj-lane, and bis mare haviiig l«^>ed a clams^ gate, the 
hone and rider were soon in open fielda. Hedgea and ditches were 
DO impediment to their headlong speed. Aboat two miles were thus 
traveraed, when the fugitive thougbt it best once more to take the 
iload, which he soon regained. Here he bod tbe mortificadon to find 
that bis manceuvre had fuiled, and that, b; donbling the distance in 
faia circuit, he had given great advantage to C^lcthorpe and Hibble- 
^waite, whom he now heard close in the rear. Tbe lace became 
more desperate thaa ever; but seeing that his mare was still in good 
wind, Manestjr uttered a few coaxing words, gave her a taste of the 
■pur, and the poor animal, once more making a tremendous efibrt, 
eeemed ratber to &y than to run. It was now getting rather late; and 
aa Manestj dasbed through RainhiU, he perceived that tbe bouses 
«ereallcloeed. Bold and Sankey were soon left behind; and oncrossing 
Sonkey Bridge, the fugitive bad the gratification to find that bia pur- 
soera were again at a considerable diatance from bim. A few minute« 
more brougbt him into the main street of Warrington. 

" Poor Frue!" said Mauestj, "thou hast done tbis eighteen miks 
gloriously. Ab! thou dartest a aidelmg glance at that um; bat we 
mnstn't stop here, my lass. Awa; — awayT 

Airiving at Uartin's Croft Green, Manesty perceived the first for* 
midable obatade be had jret encountered — namelj, a turnpike. Botfa 
the gate and lodge were closed. His vei; Uie hnng npon the few 
moments that miut be loet hy rousing tbe gate-keeper. Frue abewed 
a little sign of distress; but, hit or miss, abe must take the le^>. 
Hauest; knew how to humour her, M«lring « tremendous exeition, 
the noble creature sprang into the air, and both man and horse 
deacended safelj on the other aide the gate. 

" Well d<«e, Frue," said Manesty. " Oglethoi^ and his follover 
«31 Derer be able to manwe iMi. Dick might, perbapa; but the 
others mutt be kft behind. Even if IHck comes np with me, it will 
be only man to man; and I don't mind that, though it won't do to 
proToke an enconnter, as tbe other fellows will still be in the rear. 

Oglethorpe, bis follower, and Hibblethwaite, soon came in view of 
the gate. " Confound it!" qaculated Dick, " Manestj bas le^)ed that 
'pike. We sball lose him unless we do the same." 

" I wouldn'l attempt it for a hundred pound," gasped Oglethorpe, 
who was alreadj prettv nearly ezhausted. " Beoidea, I don't know 
bow. I abould be ama^ed to atonu; Pm sure I ahould." 

" Tou're a fool, Oliver," retnraed Dick. " fm not going to be 
finled in thia war. We're near tbe gate now. Xj mare imat take it, 
at all hasards. lou will follow as well aa 70a can. Here goeel" 

If Hibblethwaite's mare was not so thorough-bred aa Manestj's, jret, 
•8 Dick was a mach lighter man thaa the merchant, tbe leap was 
prett; well accomplished. 



360 JOOH KUOBTT, TBE SJVEBXOOI^ KBBCHAVT. 

O^ethorpe now thranped at Um door of the lodge. It wts oo ewj 
metter to «ake tbe imaate, bot st lut h« appeireät uid, tnädet ft 
torrent of maleddctiona &oni the oonstaUe, <^»ened tbe gate. 

*' Well & oor bes^ Tom," said Ogtetbotpe to hü (XMnpamoa, aa 
they Bpnrred on »gm. " We*!« obligated to do fha^ jm knnr, a» 
officcn, to nj noddiwof tha UoodHiioa^. It^s lockj) h«w«nr, t&at 
m^Tfl got rid of ]&. mbbletbwaite. H« kqot as too tlgfat tt h. iW 
Ueat if boA I «nd mj hone ant thmtiaghly Uowa. Jobs Manea^ 
zidea like tbe derü. We wwt't gire m jiut jtt, tboogh Ütenf» a» 
BHimcT of aas in foUowing him. Come on, Tom; bot well take h a 
KtUe man eaay thie tüne." 

Uaneaty waa now ocmaideraUj in adTSnee, erea of Sbfalathw^te. 
On— m, at foO speed paased he throogfa Bixton and Cadiahead Green. 
Anriring at biam, and peroüving that po(v Froe aeeioed inodi 
exbanated, he was t«mpted to stop and bait at the NBg*s Head, tnm 
tfae bar o( whidi a cheering light äirew ita beams acroaa the roai 
Alas, be mnst not panael If his mare conM hoM rai ti^bt mike man 
he should be in Hancheater, in the inbioacj of whose Im-streeta hs 
mi^it refreA faimself asd horse wHfaoat mach danger of being traced 
fa7 Hibbkdiwaite. 

Prm was DOW cOT«red with fiNun, out of wind, and Uboorii^ tcr> 
lihly. Koowing tibat Dm&'b hone oould not iül to be etjnaDf dia- 
toened, Haoea^ aUawed tfae pocv creature totAe herownpaoe, whidi, 
tfaongh not so fleet aa beftire, got over the ground rapidlj. Ob — od! 
Peel Green, Eoclea, and Pendieton were eoon left behind; and having 
GTOBaed SaUord Bridge, tfae fagitire soon foond himself in the thick ä 
Manchester. 

It was now betweeo twelre and <»ie at night, yetUanestysooceeded 
in gajniag admission to an obscm« inn, situated in a aqtuiid part of 
die town; and having coniigDed Frae to tbe care <if tha ottler, witb 
dl nuumer of tender iqjnnctions, onr fugiläve recruited himaeif wäb • 
^aaa of bnmdy and water. Wonderfol weie bis ooolnew and sdf* 
posae ani onl How knew he wbether a " boe and 017-" was not naaed 
againat hui orer the whole cooaty? His mare bad erideat^ be» 
ridden within an inch of her üfe; and bis ^peanutce in sndi a pari 
c£ Ae towB at auch an hoor was calcnlated to exche saqndoa. In 
qnte of aU ihis, Uaneety talked with tbe ostler aa if notfaing kad 
b^ipened; went to the itäUe to eee that Prue had been well toide^ 
lad tfaen sat down, with secsning uoconcern, to a coU sapper. 

" I ihMl be in no hurT^," said he to himedf. " I^oe mut htnc 
Bonie Test, poor thiagl I ooald manage, I dare say, to get a freeh 
karae bere in Manäwster ; bat on no ather than Rne can I piaea 
reliance. Dick Hibblethwaite mnat, hj thia time, be scnnewhcre Aort 
tke town. If he geta another horse, hell shoot ahead of me; and, as 
be csn't know the direciäon Paa going to take, bell be confamdedlj 
out in his reckoning. If be keeps to bis own man, whj A^ neei 
the itaUe as mnch as mine. As to (^lethorpe and Üie other fdlow» 
X YÜme tkem not a nah 00 the road. There's no hnny, I doubt if 
Pnie will be fit for woik agidn thia meming; ut all ev^ita, ahe moat 
bare as much i«at aa posaible. £F I can gain the pwit I seek, I maij 
vaoeeal mjaelf tiioe awhile, and baffle puranit; after whidi, I mnat 
Stretch across to HuU, disguised, and on foot— a wearj wa y and 



joBm lumsTT» TBB umvooL ■bmsaht. fi61 

bribs MBM Bldppar to take me «float, md eet b«3. Didt XBbble- 
tbwHte! Wbat ia the dev7a nniM ean hav« inAueed dnt fdknr t« 
htmt me in this faifaioD? Is be bo redooed u to ha;*« beeame a. eon- 

sMUe? Or caa be iure disoorered lUunr! I v91 not think 

of it. Laadlord," coadnned he, nuÜiig an eflfort to ttrow olT dumal 

rmninationB — " Undlonl, anodMr glua Sf brandr-aDd-water — hol and 

strong." 

~ ThoB Toating aad reuiuiling hh stnogth, Iie rennmied tm honra. 

Often, and somwfidlj, Ins tboaghta reverted to Bngh. " Mj mm— 

mj desr aoo! ' he inwardljr exdaiBied, " bitterij wilt Aon BiiSer for 

the crimes of thj father! How shall I «»««t to thee die docomenti 



h is neeea na ry Ihoa ihonldat receive? X AaSl nercr see theo ^ain, 
Ingh — nererl Sfiaery, Btüerrl " 
Boonng again from tüs grief, he prepared for « rm e w at of HigU; 



ordered and deliberateljr settled hia bill; and then accompanied tlie 
oatler to the Btsble. Frae was agam aaddled. Aa he patted her 
neck and smoothed her mane, Hie noble animal kneir her maater'a 
band, and neighed, as much as to aay, she would tiy once more to 
cany him. Having mounted, Maneaty Uxik hia conrse along Hoaley 
' ' 1 the direction of Äe Oldham Boad, by which he qnitted 



To bia great reliof, dte moon had now aimk ; daifaiOBB wonld fiironr 
fa3a pregTcas; and abore an honr muat eli^Me beAve daybreak. Ha 
anght Tct gain the lemporarj refnge he aoagfat. Newton Heaft, 
HdHn Wood, aad Oldham, were passed withoiit mj inödcnt to ez- 
cit« tbe tuptin*» apfwebennon; bot he waa a Icttle atartled at Gt««- 
AcTM-Hoor, OB heänng, in the distance bdiind him, ■ aonnd aa of • 
hora^e gaOo^g. Ttna grew mon and m<n« diatinct, and came nearer 
■DdBearer. 

"H — Hand the derflt" exclaimed h^ " I didl be orertaken, after 

IbiMa^ DOW endeavoured lo arge Rue to her fonner apeed, and 
tin poor animal £d her beat. Her heart waa good, bnt her limba 
were atiff; for, excepting her rest at Hancheater, ahe had been faai4 
■t vork rince the precedtng forenoon. A few worda from her maater, 
how er er , ao animatod her that ahe aprang forward gtarnüy. Bot tlte 
temporary exeitement bood flagged: she relapaed into wearinesi^ IhM 
fB^^Bng the liorseraan in pnrsuit to oone np. 

" I bare 70a now, Jobm Uanea^," roared Hibbletfawaite. " Tlrfdl 
or, bj Heaven, Fll Aoot 70Q aa I would m mad dogi Surrender, mm^ 
Awrl- _^^ _ ^ 

One OS Bke moat cnvcd monienta 01 Uanea^^a nfe now Mimtti 
He met it aa he had met tbe od>era, with eotii« preaenoe of miad. 
Sone of Ae moat vahiaUe att ribu tea of aian are oftos poneased I7 
vOiaiBa; aad ao it waa in Ihe preaent isalaiMe. Tbe pureat and moat 
M^-oiaded hero could not ba more reaohrte aad ßm Aan Ibnea^ 
abewod UmadC nnder the weight of afl Ua atrocitiea, aad wiA 4»> 
ali B uliuu »taring him in tfie hce. 

" Get tiiee back, Bicbard Hibblethwmte," uid he, taking a piatd 
from dw lidater, and-flodÜBg it. " Oet thee backl I wotdd not wiH- 
It^j do thee hüm. IFbj doat tboa thirst for my Uood? " 

"BlDodl* rc^peated HibUethwaite, grinding hu toedi as be ^toke^ 



362 JOHN MAlfBSTT, THB UVBKFOOL MBBCBANT. 

and keeping dose to the merchant. " I marvel, Ji^ia Msn^ty, thaC 
you CBn utter that word. I tun here to revenge mj father's de^ ! " 

Oa hearing these words, Manestj ehook in hig saddle. Thongh not 
prepared for euch knowledge on the part of hü pnrsuer, he, neveithe- 
less, sooQ recoTered his self-poesession. 

" No moro parley," continued Hibblethwaite. " Tidd, or meet 
your endl" 

" I do not aee the necessi^ for one or the other," retorted the 
merchont, coolly. " Man to niait — blood for bloodi " 

So saTÜg, he presented his pbtol füll at Hibblethwaite, aod fired. 
The latter was even with him, and discbarged hü pistol at the same 
instant. Maneety tumbled from his horee, and fdl a senaeless and 
bloody heap on the ground. Hibblethwaite, too, was bit, having 
received the ball In his bridle arm. 



CHAPTER XXVm. 
r WOUTERHaLME.— TBE OU) CASimn. — SB«, zabikotok's 



Hisblkthwaite's left ann hung nselessly hj his dde. The hone he 
rode was stränge to him, having been hired at Manchester, where he 
left JesBj thoroughly blown, and unable to go on, His preaent steed 
was a mettlesome beast, aod, beiog unfamiliar with ita rider, did not 
eeepi to comprehend the transfer of the bridle to the right band. Jessy 
woold have known better. But thongh the horse shyed and reared, 
and though Dick was writhing with pain, he contrired, nevertheleas, 
being a thorough eqneatrian, to convince his steed that its caprices 
were altogether erroneouB and absnrd; and having forced the animal 
to adopt a more decent wid befitting Line of conduct, drev close to 
Manesty, and contemplated him (aa well as starlight woold pennit) aa 
he lay bleeding on the ground. Fme stood without motion by her 
masträ's üde, looking piteously down on him, and mbbing her fkoe 
against his. 

" He'a deadi " ruminated Hibblethwaite. " There he lies, with l 
hnge monntain of iniquities OTer him. God help us aUI I slew him 
in self-defence; and that ia the law of natnre. A casuist migfat ask 
why I hunted him so unrelentingly. I would anawer, ' Bevenge for 
a father'B mnrderl ' Neverthelerä, it is, perhaps, fortnnate for my 
80ul that I kiUed him in personal conflict. This, however, reata on 
my unsupported testimony. How will it fare with me, if I am found 
here by Üie body? I mnst retreat to Mancheater, get my woond 
dreseed, and let things take their course." 

Thus saying, HibUethwaite turoed his horse's head and left the spot. 

Though he would hardly admit it to himself. Dick, for aome years, 
lud been studying in the achool of adversity. True, he had carried 
Ihings with a high hand — maintained a gay exterioir — laughed and 
joked, and drank and frolicked, and betted and loat, as if nothing more 
was neoessary than to cry, " Prestol and let the world pass." But 
after all, this is the mere fever of desperation. Thonght, ever and 
snon, would foice ita way; and then the conscionsneas of time mis- 
apent — af money recklessly wasted — of chaiacter kist — of healüi in- 



263 

jored— of miaenUe identity «ith vagabond gamblen — of criminal 
eoDiÜTance, and the consequent ibrieitore of aelf-respect, occasSoned 
a l«arfnl re-action, whii:b, in ita tum, created a aeceasitjr for new and 
more intense dieaipatitm— ^ remedy worse than the diseaM. 

Hibblethmite latterlj, howerer, waa sobered. Aa one of a reckleae 
■et of gamesten, who bad robbed Lord Silverstick an the highvay, 
the halter hnng orer bis head, and he knew it was prevented &om 
falling ovij bj the eari'a pride and poterual feeling, which could not 
Bnffisr the a^^waranc« of bis Bon (I/Drd Band;) tutpartieepM criminü. 
Theo HibUethwaite had witnesaed the shedding of Sir Theobald Chil- 
lingvortfa'a blood, and had been compelled to lork in holes and comers 
to avoid the pursuit of the lair. 

From the etupor brougbt about bj all tbis, he was ronsed only by 
the insight he had obtained into Uanes^'s fonl and desdly practicefl. 
A spirit of vengeance, thua exdted, took possession of hii soul, aad 
droTe bim to break into whst Sbakepeare calla " the bloody hoiue of 
life." No wonder Dick leamed the art of melancholy rumination and 
Belf-reproach. 

Ogletborpe and bis man, nnable to keep up the chase further than 
Iriam, had yielded to the foacinationa of " The Nag's head," in that 
place ; and after swallowing pretty considerable potations of mixed 
tiqnor, rendered more ci^tivatiiig by the Btout landlady, who prepared 
it, retomed to Liverpool, there to " hide their diminiabed heads, and 
await the course of eventa. 

Early next day (for ghaitly neva flies quickly), the encounter 
between Hibblethwaite and Mane«ty was bnüted about the town; and 
tliough Dick was not forthcoming, Manesty'a death was proclaimed. 
The dianul intelligence, of ooaree, reoched Manesty's office in Pool 
Lane, the houae M Odas Bheinenberger, and the mansion of Sir 
Hildebrand Stanley. 

Robin SbndJehorough was so bewildered at tbe misdeeds and 
danger of bis maater, liiat, doring the last day, he scarcely knew 
whether he Btood on bis head or bis heels. Tbe poor fellow did nothing 
but walk about tbe connting-house, crying like a cbild, and refosing 
to be comforted. The present dolefot news froze the very blood in 
bis veins. 

"What will become of me now?" he kept saring to biraself. 
" What is the um of all theac ledgers aad day-books? How is tbe 
trade of Liverpool to go on, now that John Maneety ia slain? I wish 
I waa dead with him. Ob, my unfortonate masterl " 

But who Bhall paint tbe agony of Hugh? His father's crimcs were 
all forgotten in the knowledge of hia dreadful end. 

Nor did Hra. Yarington fecl it less keenly. She had seen the 
approBCh of the catastropbe; but now it had oome to paas, she dared 
not Gontemplate it. Still she had a duty to perform to Hugh ond 
Mary, and tbia ahe resolved not to delay. ¥rom what she had pri- 
votely beard from the old gardener, who had charge of tbe manor- 
bouae at Wolaterbolme, Mrs. Yarington knew that Manesty had 
depoaited many documents under lock and key in the garden-room of 
that mansion, and she doubted not that other evidences capable of 
corroborating her atory would there be found. She would not there- 
fore divulge what she knew, tili sorroiinded by testimonials of her 
veracity. 



SM mat lUMXBrgw, ta» urwMPooa. Knnn*T. 

An n^aat sununmu ms arat to Hogii, wbe Kicm appcand at 
Ei^cmouL A artige wu at tbe door, aad at «leran «*doA ü ths 
friT'^^^, the thiee fiicoda startad for WdiattAobaa. Their jooiMj 
was a mdancbaly and ailent one; tmt widr freqaeat aoi «päA chiMg« 
of hiMnca, b was ao epeeiäy aooooipUehe^ that tlicT leacbed die tokt- 
aUe manor-luNiae at fbnr in tbe aftetnooo. Like aaa fimiBar wU 
the Bpot, Hrs. Tariogtcn at onoe ibnad her mj to the gard(H-t«^ 
wbera a htnnble repaat was placed before our trardlen bj- tbe gir- 
daner, wba^ after tbBywve re&eehed, placed in Hngfa's h^ids a anled 
pecket, dincted to Jüm, to be opened only in caae of the mwchaa^s 
death. Thia bad bem dqwsted with the gardener joat previoaslj to 
■UJmestT's last voj^e to the West Indies. It centained a kej itf tha 
>AA cabmet, which stood in the room where Üie party were aiiwUiiiT 
"HOB was Äe kej wlä^ Manes^ had giveo to Hngh when he aaflecl 
fix Antigua, in 1760, bot which ha faad ra-daimed tut bis retnm to 
lÄrerpooL 

Tbe cabinet was ftxmd to omUni the title-deeda ef Wobteihahne 
Castle, or Manor-House, together with other parchments, prorii^ tibs 
purchase b^ Manest;^ of aO the londs «od tenemeota originaDj bäoag- 
ing to the estate. By the merchanVa will, ako endoeed in the M 
calänet, the entire propertT-, aa wdl aa that of the cooeem ia Lirer- 
potd, was beqneathed to bis " dear boo, Hngh JtCaaee^.' Of the 
legaciefl, the principal was a beqveet o£ fonr thousand ponnds ta " hit 
diligent and füthfid clerk, Robin Shuckleborongh." "^ed np with the 
will, waa a letter addreased to Hngh, (dated on his firat d^wrtnre to 
the West Indiee,) which ras as followa : — 

" Mi deak Hdoh, — ^It will not be prudent to encounter the perib 
inaeparable from a Bea-vojrage without ' pntting my bonse in order,' 
in caAe an j fatal accident ^ould happen to me. I häve spoken to jon 
of the old oftk calnaet ia the garden-room at Wolsteriu^ne, and giren 
JOS the key. In it are depoaited my will, and other pq>ers, wherein 
yoa at least wül take a tender intereBt. 

" By succesaiTe pordiases, the whole of tbe estate of Wolsteriwlme 
ie mine; and I have become its master with the sole motiTe of endow- 
ing Jon with it, as the onlj remaining representative of the bmily. 
Ton believe yonreelf to be a Wolsterhohne, Hid bo, in one senae, 70a 
are, being the aoa of a lady of that name who was married to me. 
Ton are, therefore, m;/ aoo, dear Hugh; and not, aa jou have inu- 
gined, the ofispring of Comet Wolsterholme, whose child died in 



" Among the papers in tbe oak cabinet, yoa will find niany Utton 
from your mother, addreaaed to me — lettera which I have read again 
and again, with Streaming eyes, in my eolitaiy risita to tbe nanor- 
house. Bertha Manesty (formerly Misa Wolsterholme, the ooly 
daughter of her houae) haa been many yeara k>at to me. She died 
abroad ; and with her died also what HtÜc happineas retnained to me 
in tbie life. 

" If I periah at aea, do not be too ctirioua in inqniring into the 
several pasaagea of my life; and, above all, destror, wtthoat ezamina- 
tion, whateTer documeota may be found in the late Mr- Hibblethwaite'a 
room, in my cta^-stwe at Liveipocd. Circnmstancea may occor to 



265 

•her my deciäon in tUs rwpect ; bot thü ia lof pnaent wiih. 
Obeyit. 

" Asd lunr, ray den son, fanwell ! Fnserre die pure and lofty 
dMnctBr JOB hare hitbcrto nwintained. Hj bloaiing on joul 
" Yonr krvii^ iäther, 

« Pool Lnm, Uwpool, istk of JuM, I7n." 

This letter ^written foor jtmn prevmuiy to the present time) bong 
ntd aloud bj Hngh, waa beard with overpow«ring emotion b; Mn. 
Tarington. For aome time her tean oveimaatered her; ber inme 
waa ooaToked, and abe conld not ^eak. Maiy and Hiigb tried affec- 
tioaately to oünfort her. 

At length, the paroxjBm hariog abated, Mrs. Tarington prodnced 
a book die bad broi^ht with her from Eaglemont, asd pläced it in 
Hufh'ahand. 

" Bead the letters to whioh John Hanesty alludes," seid ahe, " and 
theo refar to that book wherein I copied them previoiuly to their 



being ( 
"T< 



Tour exclaimed yoong HaneB^, in surprise. 

" Tesr retnmed ahe, in a broken voice, " I am Joba MaiiHatft 
widow. 

"Uotber^— motberr guped Hogh, throwing bis amu about her 
neck. 

"Dearl — precious!— belovedl" were all ehe could articvdate aa, 
almoat fainting, ahe foadly retnmed bis embrace. 

It was a tiying moment ta Mrs. Manea^, and ehe gtniggled hard to 
anataia it; but her voice was a^in gone, and she Bobbed violentlv. 

After a panae, bat still not withoat an efibrt, ahe said, " Dear Mary 
and dear Ungh, I am going to recount the oulj action of my life oq 
which I look back with pain — an acticm of deceit. But listen, and 
Ton ahatl judge bow grievonaly I wai tempted. Eias me once again, 
Hngh. Therel Now 70a slüdl leam how far I bare forfeited jour 
lore." 

There vae anotber pauae, doring which the widow, with a viaage 
of oonstraihed firmneas, leemed summoning atrength to aupport ber 
dnring the utterance of what she waa about to diacloae. Aaeunüng a 
oalmneaa which she did not feel, ahe aaid, in meaaured tone»— 

" I am mX four mother, Ilugh ; noitber ia Jc^ Maaea^ joiir 
ÜUher." 

• " For the lore of Heaven, do not torture me with auapenael Ex- 
plain jouraelfl" qaculated Hugh. 

" You ahall know oll," reaponded ahe. " When my brother, Wilford 
Wolaterholme, eloped with Hannah Maneaty, John Maneatj, unaus- 
peeted hy bis father, paid hia addreaaea to me. Thia room waa the 
Bcene of our itolen meetinga — the witooea of many pure and bleaaed 
momenta. Hia earaestneas and devotion won my heart, and when he 
waa aent to America in purauit of hia aiater, I accompanied him, 
haring firat been privately married. We were away from England 
two jeara; but even in that ahort apace of time, my huaband fre- 
quently atwented himself from me, I knew not wbere, nor on what 
m; and eren when we were together, our bannonj waa oflen 



268 JOBS lUNBBTT, TBE Z-tTEBPOOI. MEBCHAHT. 

dütarbed by Mb furious ezprasnons of hatred agamst my brodier, whoy 
he Baid, had groady ioBulted him. Onr meetings, howeyer, were fetr, 
and at long interrals. During one of hie abwnces from me, wbich 
laBted thiee monfha, I gare birth to a female child. Yon ahäll hear 
more, prefientlj; let roe pause a little." ' 

There was silence for awhile. Hugh and Mai? woited vith eager 
anxiety for tlie continuatton of tbe narmtive, but witb entire deference 
to their friend. 

" At thie time," resnmed the widow, " and wliile John Manesty was 
away, newe came to me that my brother had been killed in an olÄcnre 
sktmÜBh. It was not in any military aSäir; but in some prirate 
afihty. If I was almost heart-broken at the newB, TVlIford's widow 
naa nearly mad with grief. She expected, poor thing! to be soon 
conflned; but the agony of her sorrow broi^ht on premature labonr. 
A son was bom to her, and ehe died. Ab mj dster-in-law (a solitary 
widow) perished in a f ar and foreign laud, destitute of friends, it was 
incumbent on nie to take charge of the infant. I did so; and it ahaied 
with my own baby the norture of my breast and the aSiection of my 
heart. I chrietened it ' Hugh,' after one of my own anceetora." 

" Let me still call you mother," said the young man. " Ton hare 
eamed a right to that sacred name. And am I then once more a 
Wolsterhohne?" 

" Yes; you are Sir Hugh Wolsterholme — a title you inherit Irom 
your unfortunate uncle, Sir Thomas. I have a baptismal register, and 
other proofs substantiating your claim." 

" But is not the title lost by attainderl" inquired Hugh. 

" No; only in the porson of my poor broüier, who has been dead 
many yeara." 

Mary feit that all bar to her marriage with Hugh was now removed. 
A timid glaace at the young baronet expressed her congratulation; 
bat words of joy would have sounded discordantly at a time so laden 
with melancholy interest. Mary, therefore, dared not tmst herseif to 
speak. 

" I almost fear to ask what became of your daughter," said Hugh to 
Mrs. Manesty; " bow it happened that the merdiont believed me to 
be bis son; and why you took the name of Yarington?" 

" I will teil you all," replied ehe. "My infant died eoon afier I 
took you— my brother Wilford's child — to my bosom. Manesty was 
still absent. On his retum to me, I told him that hia sister and her child 
had both died, and shewed yon as bis own offäpring. Hb pateroal 
pride was pleased at beholding a son. A strong objection to the name' 
by which you had been christened, united with an absence of suspidoa 
that' such a deceit had been practised on him, as the passing off bis 
sister's child aa bis own, prevented (so I conceive) bis asking for the 
baptismal register. The yery day after I perpetrated tbis fraud, I 
bitterly repentcd it; but it was too late to avow the truth, and I 
dreaded the fury of his reproechcs. I have been miserable ever aince; 
so long and so unrelenting is tbc punishment of falsebood." 

Here the widow again paused in her narration. At length Hugh 
inquired why Manesty believed she was dead. 

" Another of my contrininces," responded shej "but you will 
regard this more charitably, considcring my extreme provocation. 



JOHK HAHBBTT, THE LIVBBPOOL lUHCBANT. 267 

Hanesty agtiin l«fl me, on bis unexpUined aod inecrnUble errtuids. I 
wu not long, hawever, in underBtanding their otgect. I diBCOvered 
that he wu engaged in piraticsl practices of the worst and moet cniel 
description, and tbat, under the name of Captaia Hoskins, he com- 
nuutded a notorious vesael, called ' The Bloody Juno.' This was told 
me bj one of his sailors, in rerenge for Bome terrible punishment ha 
had raceived on board; aod from the same man I also heard thal 
Blaneaty — in rage at a Bupposed affront — had waylaid and killed my 
brotber; thiu, by a natural conaequence, causing his own aisters 
deatb." 

"Horrible!" exclaimed Hugb. "Thank Haaren that that man is 
DOt mj father! And ye% how kind and afiectionate bas he been to 
met I may monm orer bis crimes, but can never bäte bim." 
, '* As he bas paid the dreadfal forfeitnre," returned the widow, " let 
US remember lum in our prayen. — But I hasten to conclode my story. 
Having been acquiünted with his monatrouB deeds, of which, wben 
ODce my eyes were opened, fresh proofs poured in on me erery day, 
joa will not wonder tbat I resolved never again to receive such a man 
•fl my bosband. A meesage had been sent me announcing bis retnrti 
oa B certain day, on the eve of which I departed from home, leaving a 
letter atating tfae horrible discoveries I had made, and adding tbat in 
grief and shame for him, and horror at being his wife, I should destroy 
mygelf. Snch, tndeed, was my fint iotention; thongh, when I re- 
flected on the sinfulness of Buicide, I reaolved to come to England, 
take a feigned name, and seek a lirelihood. A heavy blow was thus 
inflicted on Manesty. He left his ehip to be commanded by proxy, 
Started with you to Liverpool, and addicted himself chiefly to com- 
Biercial pursuitfi; still, however, receiving accessions of wrälth from 
his man-eteoling slave-ship. You now know alL I htunUy hope that 
God will pardon my duplidty." 

Twilight was Coming on. A diaclosure of secrets so long pent 
vp in her breast, had greatly agitated Mrs. Manesty; and she vralked 
ovt of the room to eiyoy the soothing influence of the fragrant erening 
■ir in the gardcn — that quaint old qnincuncial garden, among wbose 
fonnal alleys the days of her youth had been paased. Mary and Hugb 
stayed within, that heart might speak to heart under the new prospecta 
<^ening on them. 

Short Space, however, was allowed for thür subdued feUcitations. 
A Piercing sbriek suddenly burst on the stillness, followed by the 
woi^ "John Manesty! — John Manesty!" 

Mrs. Manesty, who had screamed these words, rushed frantidy into 
the hoose, and hid herseif; and Hugb, darting to the wiudow, beheld 
a horseman at a ahart distanee, swaying to and fro on his saddle, like 
one in a drunken fit. As he drew ncarer, the young man recognised 
bis nÜBerable uncle. The rider's face conld be likened only to a 
marble bust, blank and flxed; bis eja were set; and from bis nerve- 
less hand the bridle had dropped. Thewhite mare,poorIViie, seemed 
«Imwt in aa great extremity as her master. It was even u an incar- 
nation of " Death on the Pale Horse." 

But the beast knew her way; sprang into the garden, and then 
drew np. Manesty lifted himself uncouthly from the saddle, and 
dropped heavily on the earth. Hngh AartA towards him. A grim 

VOU TL T 



268 JOEH lUMMTT, TOB UT^ffOOL MBBOHAXT. 

■müe rdaxed tbe featnras of tbe (tying man, as he stared wiA a be- 
wUderad expreBsion on him wbom he deemed to be tÜB Boa. Bot 
tltough apeech wM denied him, he had enoug^ Gtrength to tear apea 
hifl waJBtooot (sa if ftppealiog fw help), wheu hü ahut, red in ereiy 
part «ith folood, was Boen. Distracted by teiror, Hugh fetched the 
only aerrant in the houae— tbe old gardener, to the npoL Of what 
ivwl was anjtbing they oonld do? Even had Hutes^ not been paat 
all " akiU in auigery," professional aü oould not be procoied in that 
reiuote place. 

A reactioa had uow oome over Mrs. Manesty; and her beait 
jeamed once more to look upon the beloved of her yonth. Site tc^ 
proacbed the place where the gaspisg wretch laj. In the delomon of 
his dying moment^ no doubt he to«^ her fiir a viuoo. Eeverently 
clasping the hand ehe held out to bim, he preesKd it to his lipe, and 
then, lot^ing fcmdly wilh his dim eyee at Htigh, drew a bmg breath, 
and expired. 

Though mortally wounded by Hibblethwaite, tbe longing deüra he 
had to reach Wolsterhdmey under a b^ef that he eould there eecrete 
himaelf for a timei must have giren bim preternatural strengtfa, and 
«i^ded him, ^]ter he had recovered the firat e&ct of the wound, b> 
dimb on Pnie'a back, and crawl cm to the bourne of his wishea. How 
he was sostüned dniing the long day, can nevar be known. 

COKCLUSION. 

Six raonths had elapsed siace the foregoing incident, and a chuige 
had taken place in the relative positicn of aome of the partiea con- 
cemed in Üüs tale. Sir Ungh Walaterholme, being now a wealthy 
boronet, had left the concem in Pool Lane to Hobln ShntUeborongfa, 
who, for a conaideration, hadallowed Richard Hibblethwaite tobecome 
his partner. Having abjured bis former sssociates. Dick proved a 
good man of busineas, and by handaome preaents to Broken-ooaed 
Bob, and Ebenezer Rowbotbam, aecured tbeir silence es to bis partid- 
pation in the robbery of Lord Silverstick. Lawyer Vamham lost bis 
expected flve bundred pounds when the portmantcan was reclaimedl^ 
Hngb, in virtue of Hancsty's order, owing to the exposnre whidi 
Meaaly Matt had not failed to make. Lord Handy had disappcared 
on a tour to Germany; and his father, the £arl of Silverstic^ was 
buay at court, prop^iating the propricties of the Chesterfieldlan code 
of morala, and trimming between Ixird Bute and the firet William 
Pitt. The good and pious Rfaeinenbergcr was often a welcome gaest 
at the manor-houEc at Wolsterbobnc, now rendered habitable, and 
where Mrs. Maneaty lived in seclusion. Finally, with a pompons 
ceremony befitting tb^ rank, Sir Hugh Wolsterhobne led to tbe 
altar hia beWed Mary Stanley. 



270 FBAMCB AKD HOBOCCO. 

French eteamen in the rear of the nentral ships, the well-tumed 
Hen, althongh more dmnpj than beaotifu], engaging & batteiy out of 
reach of her gniu; the änfiering, or Sof&en, we aie not sore which, 
honoored b; twentf-one sbot-holee; and the Triton of the Sea, tnkii^ 
its departure with a farewell sfaot frmu those batteries whidi ehe i& 
reported, in the official bnllelin, to have diamantled, moat have pre- 
sented a tmly amnsing ^»ectacle to the hearts of oak, and the des- 
ceadants of the Vikings of old, assemUed in that harbonr. Tlie 
resolts of the mnch-«xtolled French ardoor and düU has, it appears, 
been oae gaa dismantled, and aavea or eight pexaoaa accideutally 
fcilted. 

This inJDdidoaa and has^ reoonrse to arms at the wrong place has 
notonly, apparentljr, satisfied those present on the occasion, of thevast 
diqtarit; in eveiy branch of naral efficiency between ooraelves asd 
the French, bat it has also ahewn, notwithstanding the perpetnal 
cavilling npon the snbject, that the present ministiy, with one of the 
ablest worriors in the world in its Councils, had, in Üie same neighbonr- 
hood, at the same time, a force readj, had circniustancee demanded it> 
to engage with the French fleet. 

It now remains to be seen what towne are next to be snlyected lo 
these sad viaitations. Äh^ady reports have arrived, that A^ila, a 
walled town on the beach, westward of Tangiers, and without a har- 
bour, with a population of «bout a thooaand soula, and a Gew guns f<H- 
all defence, has been made a victim. 

It has been said bj the French press, that Larache is the point 
from whence the two imperial cities of Fez and Mequinez (properly 
Fas and Miknasah) wiU be threatened, or the advauce of M arshai 
Bugeaad to those eitles supported. This is not the case; the port 
of Sala, previously alludcd to, as with Its suburb of Rabat, the most 
populous on the coast — the stronghold of its rovers and pirates, and 
the actual dockyard and naval depot — is in that predicament; and on 
this account, as weil as those previouslj detaiied, would, by a well- 
informed and sensible admiral, have b^ made the first point of 
demonstration, and it still remalns, the spot to which the fleet can 
alone direct itself to shake the confidence of the emperor, or to facili- 
tate |he BubmisBion of the above-mentioned imperial dties, and &om 
whence peace can now most probably be olone proclaimed. 

Mogador is, however, generallj considered the point to which the 
fleet will next direct its hostüe intentions. This is well known aa the 
port of tbe capital itself, a place of considerable commerce, and with a 
population of 10,000 souIs, but having sn ezposed harbour, too sbal- 
low for vessels of war, which must hencc anchor off the long battery — 
a Position not in all respects a very enviable one— but where the 
French may gain more glory and renown. By the advice of " a 
certün " Captain Bouet, who is intimate with the coast of MoiOccOt 
it ^pears that three small gun-brigs, La Vigie, L'Alouette, and La 
Tactique, vith the tow-stcamers, La Phoque, and the Futton, faare 
been sent out to do these especiol Services, and which there is no 
doubt tbey are best calculatetl to accomplish. 

But to threnten Morocco fixim Mogador, without any disposable 
force reedy to march upon the capital itself, and at a season whcn the 
aea, always rough on the open coasts, will, nith the approaching 
«quiiiox, bo rendered quite UDtentible, is another bubble and caniioD 



FRASCB AND HOBOCCO. 271 

lünd of an a&ir, «hich can lead to no pcMsible reanlta, eave destniction 
of life and propertj; and this leada us to notice an opimon, pret^ 
genenliy abroad, tlüt bU the porta of the empire are to have their 
acparate infliction. This ia scarcelj credible. 

" Solitadinem &iüunt, pacem ippelint." 

Kot onlj will the punishment far transcend any real or imaginory 
offence thst haa been conunitted, but it will be a feat unexampled even 
in tbs"aea ofdarkneas," in whicb neitber retard to the uaeless deetmc- 
tion of life and properly will have a place, nor will there be any 
Mncere deaire exfaibited to bring the actual nsponsible gerenta to a 
brief Solution of the qnestion at isane. Tangiers, Asafi, Wn^ighnn, 
Azamor, Agadir, Dar el Beida, Fedalah, aad Mehdiyah, which 
acarcely possesa an Arab tenant, may iadeed, one after another, receive 
the puniehment due, if at all, to the kerchiefed rorers of the desert, 
without France or Morocco arriving one etep nearer to a better under- 
atanding. 

We come, then, to the moveable column under Marahal Bngeand 
(9000 men), General Lamoriciere (5000 men), aad General Dedeauhaa 
(5000 men), making a total of 19,000 mea, and which ia properly con- 
ädered as aufficient to aubject the prorince of Fez, notfrithstanding 
the apprehenaionB wbicb the commander-in-chief appears to entertwa 
of the douds of Axab, Hoorish, and Negro cavalry, which cover the 
plains, are congregating under Sidi Mohanuned at Fez, or have ap- 
proached the frontier under Mulai Mamu.* The royal treasury at 
Uequinez constitutes no bad magnet to the iron column, advancing 
acroas the ao-called desert of Angad. There are, in fact, many towna, 
villages, and encampmenta on the road. Half way from Uchdah ia 
Taxa, a populous town c^able of supplying the wanta of a large 
army ; and nine houra from Fez ia the Ecbatana of Morocco — a glorioua 
acramble, unlese, percbance, the raluablea are previoualy carried off 
to the unexplored regions of Tafilelt. 

Then are juat two aolntions to the events now in progreas; — ^the 
French, humbled by the ridicule which attenda upon this bombardmeDt 
of inofienaive towns, may make aeriona orerturea of peace with the 
emperor, the n^otiation of which may be baatened by the movement 
which has no doobt already taken place, of the Algerine army^— m-, 
they may continne to act on the offensive, when the whole Moham- 
medan population will be rouaed to a holy war, and a war of despQra- 
tion, the limita of which will not even be traced by the snowy outline 
«fthe Atlaa. 



wen incTcuiog crcrj itj, ud alreMly unoanMd U> aboBt 34,000 m 
ga^Micnt took pUce on tbe Yilj , uid after a oonfliet. io «hieb bora ihim m 
■aid Io havi nmeced Kverely, tbe Uoon nn* wonMd, and lOOO to 1100 taau, 
II plae«« of utill«!?, and IS itaad of Mionn (nehprttT Anbtribehai ittdw. 
tiiiniiliiBg>u),birinlo tbebaodaof IkeeonqBcron. nti oeevmd aAcr Har- 
AÜ Bagdad bad been made awmie of the operalioDi ^ tbe Frendi tieet ; jm it 
K appear tbit it wu a baltle fougbt wuh tbe iDttnrion t€ «leniDa t^ read 
. u mach M vitb (he view to dUpen« the OTibr abcadf co3e«l«d, aad 



FKAHGE An> HOBOCCO.* 273 

hitherto md «pplies only to the relation of the French and the Mo- 
hunmedans. Christian nations bave also a real and a practical interest 
in the qnestion. France at presest repudiates the intcntiMi of aggran- 
dizement; bnt this we have seen will inevitablj be forced upon her by 
the Decesaities of th« case. Already a large proportion of her preaa 
adrocates the measure — Bome solelj witfa a view to the benefit to be 
derired from the conqneat; others, to the efiect it wonld have in aa 
anticipsted hoiniliation of Great Britain. Tlie actnal poauanon of n 
long a line of coost as would be comprised by Morocco, Algeria, and 
Tunis, if not Tripoli, on the Medit«rranean, wotild oertainlf very 
materially afiect tlie exiatlng balanc« of power, and wonld call tls 
■ttontion (d other nations besides Great Britaiu. Bnt we do not think 
tbat even tbe poMOBMOn of these tarritories wonld give the conunand 
over that sea, of which we posseBa Ute keja, and wear the diadem. 
We do not even think that it wonld aSect oor occnpation of Gibraltaiv 
ao Berionaljr as sotne have opined; and it b genendl; admitted, that if 
117, the wh(de thing conld beput an endto in predaelj a ""'Iff 
r to what the occapation of Efjpt hj the French was once 
OTOTturown. 

Bat this ia not at all a desiraUe terminaUon to pn^reBsiTa eveata. 
Hie day otight to be gone hj wheti ciTiltzatioa shall lend itself to 
Support ignorance and barbwi^ against dvilisation. ** Tbe time iwB 
vriTed," Said Mr. Milnes, in bis place in the British House of Cota- 
mons, " when ChriaUan ctTÜisation muat extend itmlf to Hoiooeo." 
Oor merdiants, men of fäme and men of wisdnn, have, it a^teara, 
taken fright at the antidpated loes of a ooBunerae eatimated at 
40,0CW,000 of doUan aimnall;, and of which ooe-half hai hitherto 
been with England. Their interat^ generallj, go a vei; great waj 
in Buch mattera, 



bat we fear they can no looger matwially inflnenoe tbe queaÜDn o£ 
Horocoo. It has been fhnnd br ezpeiience^ tbat tfae pfoteettre ajston 
adopted bj the fVencb in Algeria, has not anawered. Tb» nadvee 
«üi go to olber marfcets, and other Channels at oommeroai and if 
Francs in pursuance of the same sjateni, were to march ila amües 
i^ainst all nei^bonring competition, it will have to ftdlow» ttap hj 
Map, the British meichaäimen round the whole terrestrial globe. 

It is mon oonswunt witfa the praaent stat« of opinitms upon aal» 
jecta of gmeral jfoüey, and of tbe rdations of tfae difiärent iämiliea of 
inen witfa ooe anotfier, foc Great Britain to keep in mind, that, after 
M^ieriaritj bj sei^ tbe overiaad nrate to India, and the oonntriea cob- 
nartod thenwith, aie to her of piimarjr intpwtance, and most deaerr- 
faig of attentioo, ihm ij anj hörried or läsh interfennoea to hasten 
that ocdlinoo, which circumatanoae, not to be annded, as th« ehaaga of 
ministiy, or the break up of a monarch'H health (and we regret t«7 
mach here to bare to saj, that it onoas to na from quarters to whom 
«ccaratfl Information is generali^ aeceasible, that tbe health of the 
King of the French is such as to excite the most serions apprehenaions 
among bis medical attondants) may bring npon ns in a äaj, bnt wlth 
oor nTJariiig miniatry, not one, it is to be anticipated, which shall be 
marked out from the rest, hy oor being unprepared. 



X JAS OP HÖHET ntOM MOCMV' HTBLA. 275 

«nd Fan, a god that, 

" Vilh sentle njmphi m fi>mU hirii 
Xiu'd amt Ot mtet (üw qfiit äifanetr 

That is verj beautifuL Warton, in his " Hietoiy of Poetry," lias 
expressed hu admiration of a " chann " in Browne's Inner Templs 
Maaqtte, in which, dovn hj the banks of heute, dew-dropB aie said to 
be for erer h a n gi n g 

"Ontbeffi 
Foppj and in 



And Lethe is deacribed as fiowing 

" Vithnt «Ml, 
SoftI/, like a •treun of <äV 

And the fonrth edogue of his " Shepherd's Fipe " is thought, not im- 
probabl)', to have becn in the recoUection of Milton, nhen he «rote 
I/jddas. Like that poem, it is an el^j on the death of a friend. 
Tlie line morked in the following qnatrun might have appeared in 
Ljcidas, without any iajury to iL It i«, indeed, veiy Miltonic :— 

" In dccpert panioni of mj grief-nroll'n brettt, 
Sweet •oöl ! thU od); comfort leiieth me, 
Tbtt to few jnit •hould nuke thee lo mnoh blnt, 
Aad gipt nch wingM ta rtack ettmit/," 

In this poem is a descriptioo of autnmn, in which the different metres 
■re unfortnnately bnt Ul-assorted: — they look like bits of elegies b^un 
on different plana; bat the third line of the first quatrain is well feit; 
the fonrth not unworthj of it ; the watery mrädows are capit^y 
psiated; and the doaing staaza is like an affecting one taken out of 
some cdd English ballad :— 

" AafanDn it wu, irben droop'd the ■vccttM floven, 
And liTCti, iwolleii with piide, o'eriook'd the banks j 
Aar grt» Ik datf efummt^t gaUai klm%. 
And Toid of ««p ftood Ida'i oedar nnki. 

■* The pleannt neadows «o^ bqp 
In ckilJ and ooaimg nwoCt 
By rinnafcmKlaau, or u they 
Few'd wister'i TUtefbl thicaU. 






The feeling of analogy between the oak, with its scattered letve^ 
and the natnnlly strong man shedding fast tears for sorrow, is in the 
best inu^iinative taste. Had Browne written all thus, he would have 
foond plrä^ of conunentators. The " Shepherd's Fipe " was a aome- 
what later productioD than the other pastwals; and had he lired, he 
would probably haTO surpassed all that his youth prodoced. Unfw- 
tuoatelj, his mind never appears to hare outgrown a certain juve- 
nile ambition of ingenious thonghts and conceits ; and it is these 
that render it so difficult to make any long qaotation irata his works. 
The iixth line in the following is very obscure, perhaps cormpted. 
But Ih« rest has gre«t liveliness and nature ; — 



S7S A JAB «V ocarar wmou voüht ktbla. 

" Look H • lorer, with s Ungning kiM, 
Abont to ptrt with Ibe bett b*ir Ihat*« hii t 
Fain woold hent;, bot tbal ba ftu* to do il^ 
And carKth time fbr ao ftN haatnung to It } 
Sdw Ukea hü leave, ud yet begin« anew 
Tomakelen fowi than nreeUceni'd trnai 
Theo nyi be tmut b* gon^ and then dolb find 
Something hi «bonld bave nioke tbat"* out ofmilld; 
And whiut he standi ft> tooijbr 'I b litr tgtt, 
Tkü mid noeel glättet to tia hiMfaaätia 
To think from what he partt, tbat be is now 
A» Au- fh>m letTiog her, or knowing how, 
Ai when he cune ; begini hii fimner stnon, 
To kisa, to tov, and take hia leare agun ; 
Then tnmi, come« back, tigb«, parta, and jet doth go, 
Apt to retire, asd lotfa to leave ber eo ; — 
Brave itreun, lo pait I frmn thy floweiy bank." 

Browne ia fond of drawing hiB mmiles tnaa nal, and even imnuäj 
Ufa, and oft«a Beema to intro^ce tfaem for tlie pnrpose of giviiig tbat 
kiud of variet; to a pastoral, otherwise idesl; for thongh tlie title of 
hia poem is British, and t&e ecene also, it is in oüier reapects ArcadiaQ 
and Fagan. The efiect is somewhat jarring; and j&t it is impOBsible 
to quarre! with the particular descriptionB : — 

** Aj children cm b play-day leare the Bchoola, 
And gladly ran into the iwumning pooli ; 
Or in the thicketa, «II with netüea nimg, 
Buh to denmil (ome aweet thro^ of ber yoang ; 
Or with theu- bata for Sah lade in a bn»k 
Wlthontan pün; bot wben tbe umhh dolh look 
Ost <tf th« eaatcm galei, B mail mrald Ikater 
Glide to theichooui, tbm tbey nntothmnuwter; 
So when befbre I inng the songt of lunli, fte." 

The fdlowing is a complete picture : — 

" — As a nimbte aquirrel from the wood. 
Banging tbe hedgiea fiir hia filbert food, 
9ls FMÜy OB a boo^ hii bnnrn not* eracüng. 
And fron tfaa ahdl the aweet wMla keinel takmg, 
HU, with their erooka and bag«, * aert of boys 
To ibare with hin, come witfa so neat a nois«, . 
Thst he i« forced to leave s not nigb broke. 
And tot hia lift leap to a neighboor oak, 
Thence to a besch, thence to a nnr of adiea, 
Vbilat throogb the qDagmire* and red «ater plashe« 
The boyt ran dabUing thraugh tlüek and thln • 
Ose tean hii hoae, anolher bteaka hia (hin, 
This, tora and tstWd, hath with mach ado 
Oot to the brian ; aad thst hstb hM his ibos j 
Thäs dropt hia band, (hat beadh»g fUla for haaM^ 
Amiäur crim bOätd/at btimg tut; 
, With (tfeks and stoaes, and many a somding baUaw, 
Tbe litde pool with do nnsU iprät thqi JbUow, 
Whilst be nom tree to tree, from tpnj to spray, 
Gets to the wood, and hides him in hia dny i 
Saoh aluft mads Bkt, «ra he eonU get npt '»•'* 

Here is «nother pictnre, still homelier, bot eqoalfy complete^ «nd u 
nbiiBt in its fnll-grown strengt as the other is light and bojish >— 

" As when a nmlb and 'i man (lame Vokaa's fellow«) 
Call'd from tbe anTÜ or the püfbig bellows 
To dap a «eU-wnni^t «ho«, för more than pay, 
Up(» a stnbborD nag of Oalloway, 



A JAB Or HONBT TBOIt KODITF HYBLA. 277 

Or nnbMk'd ioiBst, or ft Ffamdtr'i mve, 

Thtt sl Üu loin itaiMl miifliig of tbe MT i 

n« mirdf Muli <r^ in kit biui-lunfiMt, 

Asd bid* hu meD briDK ont tfae flte-ftild twUt, 

Hk iltteklM, ihaekloeM, lumptn, gjnm, ind dwbii^ 

Hi« UokU bolta i and with no littU pni» 

tkem mtkm bim &it i and Ic« all thCM ahonld holter, 

ÜDio a pait, witb Mme «ix-dcnblcd balicr. 

Ha UnM hit beid ; jet aU in of th« leiit 

To cQTb UM furr of Um headatranc bctat I 

WImd, if a eamar'« jade be broo^t nnto bim, 

Hia man can hi^ bii fi>ot, whüe he ean thoe him, 

Beptone vu w enforced to Und faim itranger." 

Thü ü a Dntch ptcture, or one tbat Hr. Cnbbe might luve ad- 
inired. The foUowing might have adonied the pages of Spenser tma- 
■dC The aaceosion of the ft^ and mists, and the cessation aS bH 
sobe, ore in a tme — nay, a high epirit of grandenr; and die rery 
delicacy of the conclnsion addB to it. The sense of hnahing aolemmty 
la drawn to the llnest point 



"Howgreat HTperion left bi« gald«s throne, 
Tbat on the daaciiiK wavea in glorr ibone ; 



uciiiK wavea in giorj il 
Tbc orienlal bi 



w deeUaiiiB on th 
lila Uack n 
aMtbagan 

[hti *h«ia 

all Um WM 
ukaaMwai 
odaioae&t 

m ouriibn. „ 

Wen oondint-pipaB to manj a «ryatal apring ; 



tbe (Bilde twiüBbt flcd, 
Tbat bad tna bideooa oarenu naberid 
All drowij night 1 vboio aeaf ofjct, 



all Um WMld^ drawii tbi««|^ tbe akj. 



raited 



Bj iteedi of iron-grer (vbich maittlj t\ 
U^dTOfamal--- '*' * ■'^- 

idMofdail 

tluekdODd 

orädint-pip , . , . .,. „, 

«andhif poolf aod lena wen Mlowiag 



Tb« bdpa oTdaikBaM waited oiderir. 

Fnat, tbwb clonda loae fttum aU tb« lianid plaioai 

Tben luM from ouriabra, aod groanda wboae mi 



lUhrftlp 

Senf np tbeir Tq»oan to attMtd ilüiir -wiO. 
Tfatae pilehjr eortaiu drew twizt eartb and hMrcn, 
Asd aa nigbt'a cbaiiot tbnn^ tbe ür waa drirea. 



rbhngtoagae 
Ibordi 

dtidingikepti 

Dtf ■aaaar'a Jmtt, mflatfiJwki^Kg, Mn'd, 
jUkMkm waim (My tägu^ Urd." 

Brtnme vu a Derosahire man, and ia snppoaed to^ve'died it 
Otteiy St. Mary, the birth-place of Coleridga. He waa not nnworifaj 
to hare been the oormtiTman of that exqniait« obaerrer of Natnie, faim- 
■elf»p»tCffalmui,thoi]gfahewrot0nopMtorda; fbrColeridgenotonly 
nrafflrrad a coantrr to • town life, bat bis mind aa widl rs bis bedy 
(wheD it wu not with Flato and the school-men) deUghted to live in 
«00^ ^aces, " enfcdding," aa he beantifuUy saja, 
"Soamy apoU of gnfaarf." 

And bow amaj other gnat and good men hav« tfaere not bem, with 
whom die fanmbleat iovor of Aroadj may, in thia reapect, elaim 
faDowalüp? Hen, nercrthelesB, fbnd of town alao, and of the moat 
■etive and boty life, wken it waa their doty. The moat nairanal 
gern» moat, indeed, of neoeanty inctnde th« gnen diatiieti of the 



278 A JAA OF HONBY FSOH MODKT HTBI.A. 

vorld in his drde, otherwise he voold not run it s third part roimd. 
Sluikspeare hims^ prosperoas monager as he was, retired to his 
notiv-e place before he was old. Do we think that, with all his Eodality, 
hia chief companiona there were such as a country towa aSbrded? 
Depend upon it, tbsy were the treea, and the fielda, and his daogfater 
Snsanna; and that no gentleman of the place was seen so often pacing 
the banka of the Avon, sitting on the Stiles in the meadovrs, looking 
with the dunsh at the sunset, and finding 



Cervantes, the Shakspeare of Spain, (for if hia poetry anawered but 
to one smoll portion of him, his prose jnade up the rest,) proclaima Iiis 
tmljr pastoral heart notwithstanding hie satire, not only in his 
" Grälatea," but in a hundred paasages of " Don Quixote," particnlarly 
the episodes. He ddighted equally in knowledge of the worid and 
the most ideal poetic life. It is easy to see, by the storiea of " Mar- 
ceUa" and "Leandra," that this great writer wanted little to buve 
become almost a Quixote himself^ in the Arcadian line! Nothing bnt 
the extremest good senae aupplied him a proper balance in this respect 
for his extreme romance. 

Boccacio was another of these great chitd-like nünds, whoae know- 
ledge of the world is ignorantly eonfounded with a devotlon to it. 
See, in his " Ädmetus," and " Theseid," and " Genealogia Deonun," 
&&, and in the " Derämeron" itself, how lie revela in grores and 
gardena; and how, when he b^na making a liat of trees, he cannot 
leave oS". Doubtless, he had been of a more sensual temperament 
than Cervantea; but hia faith remaiaed unshakeu in the highest 
thinga. His Teins might have contained an excess of the genial ; but 
ao did tiis heart; and when the priest threatened him in advanced lifo 
with the displeasure of Heaven, he was shocked and alanned, and 
obliged to go to Fetrarch for comfort. 

Chaucer was a oourtier, and a companion of princes; nay, a re- 
fonner also, and a stirrer out in the World. He understood that world, 
too, thoroughly, in the ordinacy senae of such onderstanding; yet, aa 
he was a trae great poet in everything, ' so in nothing more was he so 
than in loving the country, and the trees and fielda. It is as hard to 
get him out of a grove as his friend Boccacio; and he teils ua, that, in 
May, he would oÄen go out into the meadowa to " abide" there, aolely 
in Order to " look npon the daiaj." Milton seems to have made a 
point of never living in a house that had not a garden to it. 

A certain amount of truating goodnesa, aurriving twice the worldly 
knowledge possessed by thoae who take acom for superiority, is the 
general characterisdc of men of this stamp, whether of the higheat 
Order of that stamp or not. Cowley, Thomson, and Shenstone were 
such men. Shenatone was deficient in animal spirits, and oonde- 
scended to be vexed when people did not come to see his retirement; 
but few men had an acuter discemment of the weak points of others, 
and the geoeral mistakes of mankind, as anybody may see by his 
Essays; and yet in those Essays be teils us, that he never looked upon 
B town or vUlage aa he went by it, without regretting that he could 
not know aome of the good people that lived there. Thomson's whole 
poett7 may be said to be pastoral, and everybody knows what a good 



A JAS Or HÖHST tBOM HODItT HTBLA. 27& 

fiSknr he was; how beloved hy his friends; how social, and yet how 
Mquestered; and how he preferred a house but a floor-high at Bich- 
tnond (for th&t which is now shewn as his, was then a ground-floor 
OdIj) to oue of more impoeing dimensioni, amidst 



Cowley was a partizan, a courtier, a diplomatist; uhj, b satiiist, and 
an admirable one, toa See hia "Gatter of Coleman Street," the 
gaietj and sharpneu of whidi do one suspects who thinka of him onlj 
in the ordinaiy peacefiihieBs of his reputation; thongh, doubtless, he 
would haye been the fint man to do a practical kindness to aaj of the 
puritans whom he langhed at. Hia frienda the cavaliers thonght he 
unghed at thcmselves, in thLt Terr*^'n^y< so much more did he gird 
hjpocrisjr and pretenaion in genenl than in the particular; but 
Charles the Secood said of him, afler bis death, that he had " not left 
a better man behiod him in England." His partizanship, hia polttics, 
hia clever satire, his once admired "metaphydcal" poet^, as Johnaon 
calla it, nobody any longer cares abont; but atiU, as Pope aald, 
" We loTe the langoage of hii bc&rt" 

He has become a sort of poetical representative of all the love that 
«xlsted of grorea and gardens in those ^js — of parterreB, and orchords, 
and atatel)* old housea ; but above all, of the cottage ; a taste for which, 
as a gentleman'a residence, seema to hare originat«d with him, or at 
least been first avowed hj him; for we can trace it no forther back. 
" A BmaQ house und a lorgc garden" woa bis aaptrstion; and he ob- 
tained it. Somebodj, unfortunately, has got our Cowlcj'a Essays — we 
don't reproach him, whoever he is, for it b a hook to keep a good 
while; but tbey contain a delightful passage on thia sabject, which 
ahould have been quoted. Take, however, an extract or two &om the 
Terses belonging to those Eseajs. They will conclude thia part of 
oor aubject well : — ■ 

" Hoil, M patrician (rec«, lo gmt lud good I 
Htil, je plebeUo noderwoodl 
Whcre the poelic birdi njoiee, 
And for thiir qniat neats and pUnteou food, 
F>7 with theiT gntefal rtntt. 

" Hara Ict tat, earalM* and anthooghlfbl If mg, 

Uear tha nft vindi, abora me fljiag, 

With all thair iractom bon^ki düpnte, 

And the mnra lunefal biidi to bolh replyiDg, 

Nor be utyuit, too^ matc^ 

"AMl lertlehtd and hotalilmy ie, 
Who lorai ikI hit OK« eoa^ay / 
UtUM liu BtiglU o/it mang a day, 
Unleti Hl caä in lincr vanilf, 
Ta ht^ lo btar 't ateaif. 

" Where doei tba «Udom and tb* power dirioa 
In * more bright and nreet rcflectkm ihjnr— 
When do we flner itrdiei and oolonn Me 
Qfl^ Crtatar'i rtat pettry, 
TÜan wben «e wiih attention look 
lipon Ih« tUn) daj'i TOlnme of UM boak r 



280 A iAM. OF BOMBT TBOX HOCKT HTBLA. 

W« all, lika Um», ihcmld em. 
fet Bi a Attd, tb ra<ti»f Jün^. 

" U<^hiftkt I Ute gntx DiMlecUn tnUk. 
In tlM a«bniaB pidea'a soble «had^ 
Which, br hi* own uaptfial haDdi w«e Bwdc. 
1 aafl fc'" anilc^ neUüikkat aa he doca tjük 
Vitb O* aBbMMdM*, «bo mmm » laln 

"'If I, my fKenda,' «nd he, *ilioiild toTondcnr 
AH Ibe delighia vhich in tfaeac gardcna grow, 
'TU liUUr «MC* bto JM aiaaU «na mt atof, 
7%w '(i*, tlta< fOK liHtJd carry «c oboji ; 
And tnut tat not, mj frienda, if ererj daj 
I walk OM h«e i^lh more deÜ^t, 
Than srer, aAer tbe iimM hawy figbt. 
In triunpb W the ca^tol I rode, 
To Atatk At gäU, mrf 1d ia iJumglU, K^t^, oJwX a gaL' ' 

A noble line that — loog and stately aft tbe triamph wlüch it speaks o£ 
Tet the Gmperor and tbe Poet agreed in prefemng a walk down an 
allej of ro§ea. Hiere waa Dotbing so mucb calculated to rebuke or 
bewilder tbem tbere as in the faces of tbeir fellow-creatures eren aAer 
tbe " happieat flgbL" 



EECENT POEMa 



1. WaOuiMtheGnaary. % Lord Leigji. 

2. Poemi. Bj Fanar Kemble, now Mn. Bv 

3. Poenu. Bj ElUabeth Barrett. 2 Tob. 



If poenu in Qieae Umes, however imprenive and beautiful in tbemKlTea, iwed 
the aid of namra to attract to tbem the incrednlooB and objective reader, hare 
are Tolumes which have at leaat thla g«neral advantags— each haa a nauie 
asaociated with other efibrU, and honoured ao far in public eitimation aa to 
raiae rather than repreu ezpectation. 

Thew countiy walks of Lord Leigh — nutic rambles with a good-natnred 
muM — are juet such contributions to the poetry of our own days as were made 
in timea long paat by the men of leisure and scholarship, tbe happy enjojers 
of wealth, leaming, often title, always taate — a love of elegant literatiire, and 
a desire for that dutiactifxi which a euttivation of leiten confers upon evei; 
man, whotever be hia other bononn. It is long since thig noble poet attüne« 
fais rank in the Famassian peerage, and he baa re-aaierted bia clum in every 
inttance with Bucceaa. Few men who have written so often bave furoiabed 



criticisers with euch elenderpointsof objcction; andif thepresentofferinKcr 
tain an eiample in the contraiy direction, it is only that aome leaders will pro- 
teat loudly againat thote political alluaiona aparUing over the pages inacnbed 



to May, 1843, which other readen will extot aa tbe beauties of the book. 
There are several varietie» of gracefiil verae in thia new Tolume ; and mucb 
.. . ._i..i .... ■ ,.j „ntinunt 



energetic and pointed writing, giving efiect to generous and exalted a 
in the leTeral poems, of which we mav mention " What ii aentiment l*" i 
apecimen. Änd in the notes to theae kys, Lord Leigh taitefully comDien<is 
tbe reaulta of bis readino' to the acholar and the man cn reflection. 

The poems of Mn. Butler form a little Tolame, which it is imposaible to 
read witbont variova interett, aometime« for tbe sut^ect'a lalce, and sometimea 
fbr the personal associationa woven with it. Where tbe writer is in earnest, 
oor etnotiona are never wan^ng'; and where indifferent, there is often a 
gracefiil, off-hand tun, or a atrain of plajful, careless tltought that denotes a 



ftdU^ irideh JB t ew rt », wUle we ngnt Üe iadnlgmee, feding how omdt 
mon with tke mom mUaUt rtodf »d «aineitDeu wodd hava afboted, Ths 

hikal pieeM, wid) two or "^ ' ' _. -i » 

drfBdi of ilivthn, and o . _ 

I bj* um aar io ttüa IoihI at oamponlioa; and tha dtaaptita 



ifavthm, and othar inaoaiiraeiea itf vaiaifleation, ai» mon icadilj 

/ um aar in ttüa IoihI at oampanlion; and tha iiiin»tiia|aTijii>a 

iriäeh H oalf ooa to tlie eye, ü non «Ig actiwudgle whara tke edbet ia fosepend 



woatbenieeatobMnnnuweofaitiaadcaralaMMMMaoMtbeaflbrded. IuUm 
pttCM «f a am« deacriptm charaeter,theniafrM|nenUjt«iiwrIcable livolinaat, 
«llarttwIii aM^ and foi M) pictaw» rapid aod b«Jd,TiyMwi| in ooätne, and gtow- 
* 'y oolmtred— wilh a veia of tc6«ctit« ar pawionato feelinar wliieh zanlr 
to awaken a raoMiiM. Amoag tha finr MmBeti, tl 
_ctad an the atoetMt pmM!tplc,aa perfect V-'-- 
dain^ raqnifca that «ach anonld be, an Mrenl p 
«leiatcd power, tweatbing fine tbov^t in 
mnthUj ; ooa wa are tempted to eop; : — 

•OMKXT. 

"BattobeMUli ob. bot to caaM awhUa 

Tbe paatiag braath and hairjing Hapt of lift, 
Tbc lighta, tbe loandi, Ihe atni^ and tbe itrilb 

Of boofijbnn^; the ibär^ bhiogll« 

Of aetioa, frettiog on Ihe tigbtonä cbam 

Of raoghaxüienee; — all tbaii« not paio 

Bot ntier «eaf incM. Ob, u> be trt» 

Bat for a «bile from conidoni mtity 1 

To ihit (k iamging daon latd « w wto o i» vUt 

Ofnaätn taut, nd lei tbe aool abtde 

Dukly and Millf , for a little «poce, 

Cathning iu «traagtb op to pniiae tbe noe. 

Oh bcanoa I to mt a monent, bot to rcat 

Ftou Ibia qni«k gM^g lifc, «era to be Ueat" 
Thit b no minoed meMore ; it is bold, nerrotu writing, ihewrnr, m in tha 
paaiage maiked, how the Shakiperian studiei have eniiched and directed tha 
mind, and soggesting, as WTeral uther pieces do, ai well bf tbe bne and ton 
of thougbt, as by a quuotnesa of mannet, recollection« of «ome of the beat of 
our eider writen. I^t lu cite, u an eiample, tbe pleaaant »oog, " Fan thj 
hand tbroogfa mj hau-, love;" it Tecals agreeablj Carew or Withen. We 
bare enjojed abo a tonoh or two of rieh homoiir, ai in a firagment written 
when ue thennometer (bwd at 98° in tbe ihade I Aa toine of Ute lyrical 
jnece» are thoae that moTed ni least, we moat «elect firom thom a tittle poem 
of a more perfeet kind, tonching in ita lentinient, and gracefnl in iti flow : — 

** Yet onee agaia, bot ooce, befere we Mrer, 
Fill we ooe brimmiDg eup — il i» tbe lart I 
And let tbo«e lipi, now partinK, aad for erer, 
Breatbe o'tr tbi* pledgc, * the memoiy of tbe part.* 
" Joj'e fleeting nui ii let ; and do to-momnr 
Smllcf on thi gtDomjr path «e treid to Ittl ; 
Yet in tbe biiler cnp, o erfiUed vith lorTow, 
Live* ooe tveei drop — the meaorj of the pa(t 

" Bot ooe tnon look from Iboae dear tytt, no« ahioing 
Throufth tbeir werm tean, their loTclieit and thetr Uft, 
Bot ooe more itnin of handi, in friendlbip twioing — 
Now Ikrewell all, Mre memoij of tbe put." 

Hod the Tolums cootained nothing but the itanta« " On a Mnncal Box," it 
ihotüd be alfoetionatel; and adminngly welcomed hy all loTeTB of ardent 



io niib tbe; down to tbe etemal night' 



383 BXCEHT P0EM8. 

We re-<^ien the latelyretd pagee of Miss Barrett, with m faeUng of admirk- 
'UoD and respetA too BtroDg to be entniBted to Buch fteUe and inadeqnate «x- 
presuDiu at it aave could bere emptoj'. If tbe«e <ralaiBM do not place ha 
(ttbooA which tbere may be «vme argninent) in the hübtest cUhs <^ onr poab, 
UMt Ip^redlj the}' do place her io the first nnk of &k intellectul oatiirei ; 
of tiuMe who, DOW and toen, in & great ^e, bj thrär mental Ba|ireinaev and 
miiverul lympathiei, attain a «tation where admiration a not nnminglea with 
rererence. It siMne of this poetrj be not of the higbest, it is w neariy allied 
to it, that the keenett^nie of the eiquisit« essence in wbich the higbeit poetrf 
CWibts, it reqnifflte to detect and lotüie palpable the distinctjon. 

We mere); profess to raention tbe ai^arance of thii coUectic«i, and tfae 
feelings it awahena : to give tbe " whj and becaxue," wonld demaud a, iaag 
diiaertation ; the veiy su^ects fbrbid us to tonch Ughtly. The great poeni, 
tbe " Drama of Exile," is tbe ezile from ParadiBe, depicted in a form aod with 
a power suited to the Htib]ect,graiidandawAilasitu. Todiicius it adequately 
in a few lentences, ii as iropouible u the inuginaüVe beautj and iUnatiatiTB 
Icnonledge revealed in it is ondoubted. The attempt to treat it so, reinembei^ 
ing the aocredness of all the aasociatioQS connected with it, wonld be " to do it 
VTong." We can simplj atate, that, in »omething of the Greek tragic shuie, 
thii Toftf drama preaenta tbe " new and stränge eiperience of the Ufeu 
hnmanitj," aa it went forth into the wildemess ; aod the inlgect is treatcd, in 
the author'g worda, " with a peculiar reference to Eve'» allottod grie^ which, 
consideiing that lelf-sacrifice belonged to her womanhood, and the conscioua- 
ness of originating the Fall to her oSence, appeared to me imperfecta ^W" 
hended biUierto, and more expresaible bj a woman than a man." Tbere was 
room, at least, it ia remarked, " for Irrical emotion in thoae Grat Steps into tbe 
wildemeui." Troly ; and the aim oas been accfonplished with such a truth- 
fubiess of power, working to its puipoae, that erei; modest donbt, which su 
long held baik tbe poem, ^as we here leam,) miut for erer be banisbed bwa 
the author'g mind. The discoune of the Fallen Pair, under the reproachea of 
the spirits of the earth, animate and inanimate, are equally grand and patbetic. 
Thej excite tears, and they thrill ua witb «we, aa the moumfiil, the compas- 
üonate, ta tbe terrible predominatea. Page after page would snpply üb [ooof ; 
■ nacessarily do : it ia Ere apeaking : — 



it all impwfectly, as Ulis must ni 



- For was I not 



At Ihal last sniiiet aeen in paradiie, 

Vhen «II tbe westering eloods flashed oot in throngs 

Of sodden aogel ftces, &ee by ftce. 

All buthed and solemn, as a tbooght of Ood 

Held them tnspended — was I not that hoor 

The lad; of the «orid, princeas of Ufe, 

Mialreaa of fcast and Ätoot? Coold I toneh 

A Tou with my white band, bat it became 

Bedder at onee ? Coold 1 walk leianrcly 

Along oar twaided girden, bot the grasa 

Tracfced me with gieennew? Csold I atand aalde 

A moment undemealh a eorael-tree, 

Bnt all the learea did tremble, u aliTe, 

t^th ion« of fifly birds, who were made gtad 

Becanse Iitood tbere? Could I Idtd to kxtk 

^ilb thete twun eyet of mine, now wee^og ftft, 

Now good fiir oaly weeinng — niMin man, 

Angel, or beatt, or tnrd, bnt each njüced, 

Brcauie Ilooked on bim 7 Alaa,alaat 

And is not this mnch wot, to oy * alair 

Speaking of joy r 

Tb« minor poemi in the oollecticni are only so in fbnn and anbject { few of 
Utmn an witbont some wetgfat of object, or toach of beauty. All that we oan 
ramplsdn of Is, that too many words are lometimes used— laree worda, not ao 
ftill of meaning as of Boond— that there is too mncb oT whtt ia called 
" *ki^tt*MM>" in tbe work. Tbe introductoiy pagti are Aill of interat; all i> 



•^ -j 



$mi 



Sh 



SH« 



REVELATIONS OF LONDON. 

BY THE EDITOB. 

16d9. 
TOK xuxn «V Loaio tin. 

Thb nztoeotfa ceDtnr; drew to a close. It was tbe last day of 
tfae last ytar, and two hoon only were wantinf; to the birui of 
another year and of anotber centnrr. 

The Dight was eolemo and beauöfij. Myrisds of stars paved 
Üie deep vBult of heaven ; the cresceDt moon hang like a silver 
lamp in tbe midst of tbem ; a Btream of rosy and quiverim Kght 
»oing ftom tbe north travened tbe sky, like the taöl of some 
Btapendous comet ; wbile Irom its pdint of effluence broke fbrth, 
ever and aoon, conucatiooB rivalliDg in Bplendour and tarietj of 
bue, tlie moBt britliant dischai^ of firewurkg, 

A aharp frost preva^ed ; bnt tbe atmoBpbere «as dear and 
dry, and neitber wind nor snow amravated toe whoteaome i^our 
of tfae Kaiuii. llie wat« lay in tnick «ongealed maBeea amind 
tbe conduits and well^ and tbe buckets were frozea oo tbeir 
Stands. The tboroi^b&res were dieeted with ice, and dangerans 
to horsemen and vehicles ; bat tbe fbotways were firm and 
pleaaant to the tread. 

Here and tbere a fire was ligbted in tbe streets, roond whieh 
raned urchina and mendicauts were collected, roasting fragmeDla 
ofiDeat stuck upon iron prongs ; or quaffing deep draushts of 
metfaeglia and ale, out of leatbem cup«. Crowds were mlectcd 
in tbe open places, watching the wonden in the bearenB, and 
drawing aogniiea from tbem, chieflv sinister, for mosl of the 
bebolders tbought the signa portended the speedy death of tfae 
queen, and the adTent of a new monarcb from the north — a safe 
and eaay interpcetation, connderins tbe advanced age and 
declining bealtb of the illustrioua EUzabetb, t^etber witb tbe - 
koown appointment of her ■iicceM<v, James of scodand. 

Notwithitanding the eariy babits of the timea, few persona 
had retired to rest, an universal wisb prevailing among tbe 
Citizens to tee tbe new year in, and welcome the centnry ac- 
companying iL Lights gtimmered in moat Windows, reveal- 
ing the hoUy-sprigs and lanrel-leaves stuck thicklv io tfaeir 
diwnoDd panes; woile, wheoeTer a door was opened, • ruddy 



284 BBTELATIOKS OF LONIKHf. 

gleam burst across tbe street; and a glaDce inüde the dwelUng 
shewed its inmates either gatbered round the glowine heaitli, 
occupied ia mirthful sports — fox-i'th'-hole, blind-msn^boff, or 
sboe-tbe-mare — or seated at the ample board groaning with 
Cbristmas cheer. 

Ifunc and siDgüig wera heiud at eveiy comer, and bands of 
comely damaels, escorted by their sweethearts, weot from house 
to house, bearing hiige brown bowls dressed with ribbons and 
roeemaiT, and filled with a drink caUed " lambVwool," compoeed 
of Btaraj ale, sweetened with sugar, spiced with nutmeg, and 
having toasts, and bumt crabs floating within it, — a draught from 
which seldom brought its pretty bearere less than a groat, and 
occasionall; a more valuable coin. 

Such was the vigil of the year Sixteen Hundred. 

On thia night, and at tbe tenth hour, a man of striking and 
Tenerable ajmearance was secn to emerge upon a small wooden 
balcony, projecting from a bay-window near the top of a pic- 
turesque structure aituated at tbe southem extremil^ of Lcaidon 
Bri^e. 

The old man's beard and hair were as white 8S snow — tbe 
fbnner descending almost to bis girdle — so were the thick over- 
hanging browa tnat shaded his still piercing eyes. Hia fbre- 
head was hig^, bald, and ploughed by innumerable wriokles. 
His couDtenance, despite its death-like paleness, had a noble 
and majestic cast, and his figure, though wom to the booe by 
a lue of the severest study, and bent oy the weigbt of yeais, 
must bare been once lofty and commanding. 

His dress consisted of a doublet and hose of aad-coloured 
cloth, over which he wore a loose gown of black silk. His head 
was covered by a Square black cap, from beneath which hia silver 
locks Btrayed over his Shoulders. 

This venerable petsonage was known by tbe name of Doctor 
Lamb, and being devoted to slchemical and philosophical 
porsuite, was esteemed by the vulgär as little better than a 
wizard. Strange tales were reported and believed of him. 
Amongst others, it was said he posecssed a familiär, because 
he chanced to employ a deformed, crack-brained dwarf, who 
aesisted him in his Operations, and whom he appFopriately enough 
styled Flapdragon. 

Tbe alcnemiat's gaze was fixed intently upon tbe heavens, and 
he seemed to be noting the position of the moon with reference 
to some particular star. 

After remaining in this posture for a few minutes, the doctor 
was about to retire, when a loud crash arrested him, and he 
tumed to see whence it proceeded. 

Immediately hefore him stood the Southwark gateway — a 
Square stone Duilding, with a round, embattled tuiret at each 
comer, and a flet, leaden roof, plaoted «ith.a forest of poles, 
fifteen or sizteen ieet high, gemifilied with human heads. To 



■KTELATI0R8 OP LOHSOM. 



- hü sarpxiae. Um doctor perceived that two of tbese poles hid 
just been mtUed down d; a talt man, vbo was in the act of 
8ttin>iDg tnem of their erislv bnithens. 

HaviDg accoiDplished his object, the mysterious plunderer 
thrust his spoU iato a leotheni bag with wfaich he was provided, 
ded its moutb, and was about to take bis departure by means of 
a rope-Iadder attacbed to the battlements, wnen bis retreat was 
sudoenly cut off bj the gatekeeper, anned with a balberd, and 
beaiing a lantem, who issued nom a door opening upon tbe 
leads. 

Tbe bafflcd marauder looked round, and remarking the 
open window at whicb Doctor Lamb was statiooed, huried the 
sack and its contents tbrough it. He tben tried to sain 
the ladder, but was intercepted hj tbe gatekeeper, who oealt 
bim a severe blow on tbe head with his balbero. Tbe pluo- 
derer uttered a loud aj, and attetnpted to draw bis swoid ; bat 
before he could do so, be received a thrust in the side &om his 
Opponent He tben feil, and tbe gatekeeper would bare repeated 
tne blofr, if the doctor had not called to him to desist 

" Do not kill him, good Baldred," be cried. " llie attempt 
may not be ao cTiminal as it appeais. Doubtles«, the motilated 
remaios, whicb the poor wretcb haa attenipted to canry off, an 
those of his kindred, and horror at their exposure must have led 
him to commit the offenee." 

" Ii may be, doctor," replied Baldred ; " and if so, I ah^ be 
aoiry to hare hurt him. But I am responuble ior the safe 
custody of these beads, and it ia as much as my own ia worth to 
permit their removal." 

" I know it," replied Doctor Lamb ; " and you are fiilly jus* 
tified in what you nave done. It may throw some lidit upon 
tbe matter, to kqow wboie miserable relics bavc been disturbed." 

" Tbey were the heads of two rank papists," re^ied Baldied, 
" who wer» dec^itated on Tower Hill, on Saint Plicholas' d*y, 
tbree weeks ago, for consfuring againet the qaees." 

" But their namee 7^ demamled the doctor. " How wore Ütej 
styled 7" 

" They were &ther and scm," replied Baldred ; — " Sir Sinmi 
Darcy and Master B^uiald Darcy. Percbance tbey were 
known to your wonhip r 

" Too well — too well I" replied Doctor Lamb, in a voice i^ 
«nguish, that staitled bis bearer. " Tbey were near kinsmen of 
mine own. What ia he Uke who haa made this stränge attempt 7" 

" Of a rerity, a fair youth," replied Baldred, holding down tbe 
lantem. " Hearen grant I have not wounded him to tbe death I 
No, bis heart still beats. Ha! here are hia tableta," he added, 
taking a small book from hia doublet; "tbeae may gtre tbe 
Information you seek. You were right in your conjecture, 
doctor. The name herein inscribed is the same as that bome by 
tbe olheis — Auriol Darcy." 



S86 ■■vvLATRun <» loamoK 

" I aee k all," criod the doctor. " It vraB s [»bus «od pwiaB 
wortfaj deed. Bring tiie unfbrtunate jouth to my dwellii^ 
Baldred» aod you sliml be vell rewaid^ Ubg düpatch — ose 
dimtch r 

Ab tbe ^alekeeper esnyed to oomplj, the wounded man 
gnaned deeply. as if in f^reat pain. 

"Flisg me tbe weapcui with which you gmote him," cried 
Doctor Lamb, in accents of commiBeiation ; " and I will aoMiit 
U with the powder of synipathj. His anguish will be qieedilj 
abated." 

" I knov your worehip can accomplish wenden," cried Baldred, 
throwing tbe halberd into the boloony. " I will do my part as 
gantly as I can." 

And as tbe «Ir^*— ™* took up die weaM», nid disappesred 
diroagh the window, the gatekeeper Ufted me vrounded nun bj 
tite abouldei^ aiui cooveyed bim down a nairow wtndiiw staip- 
eaae, ctuitrired in one of the tunrets, to a lower cbambra'. llKHigh 
he proceeded as carefiilly as he conld, the su&rer was evidendy 
put to exc3iiciatinff pün; and whea Baldied placed hiaa on a 
woodea beoch, and neld a lamp towards bim, he pereeived tbat 
hia featurea were Uackened and distorted. 

" I fear it's all orer with bim," mnimored the gatekeeper; " I 
abtü bave mereiy a desd body to take to Doctor Lamlk It 
would be a charity to knock tum on the bead, ratber tban to 
let bim BufEsr tbos. The doctor paases for a cunning man, but 
if he can eure thia poor youth, without seeioff bin, by the belp 
ut bia aympatbetic (untm«it, t shaU begin to beliere, irtiat aome 
folks avoucD, tbat be bas dealings with the deviL" 

While Baldied was lumioating in tbis manner, a andden and 
extnordinary cbange took jiaae in tbe euerer. Äs if by magi^ 
the contraction of uie muscles subsided ; tbe featurea aBanmed a 
«faoleflome hne; and the respiradtxi was no longer laborious. 
Baldred atared aa if a miracle had been wrought 

Now that tbe countenance of the you£ had regained itt 
ori^nal expresBion, the gatekeeper could not belp being stnick by 
its extreme beauty. The &ce was a perfect oval, with regnlar 
and delicate SealuroB. A short Silken moostache darkened the 
Bpper hp, wbich was short and proud, and a pointed beard ta- 
minated the cbin. The bair was black, glossy, and cot short, so 
as to diaclose a highly intellectual ezpanse of l^ow. 

The %ure <^ tbe youth was sbght, but admirably proportioned. 
Hia Bttire coosisted of a black Satin doublet, idaahed with white, 
hose of black silk, and a short velvet mantle. His eyea were 
dill ckwed, and it was diffkult to say what eSect they might 
gire to tbe Sace when they lighted it up ; but notwitbäandmg 
IIa beauty, it was imposaible not to admit tbat a stränge, »nist», 
and almost demmiiaräl expreasiDa perraded tbe.coimtenance. 
All at once, and with as much BuddennesB aa his eure had 



uraLAnom ov umocM. SW 

been cjfected, the yoai^ man stuted, nttered ft püevdng ciy, and 
plaoed hia hräd to hü aide. 

" Cahiff I " Im cried, 6nttg hia bUsiag eyes on die eatekeeper, 
" «fay do Tou bnture me thns ? Finish me at once— Oh 1 " And 
Ofercorae oy «gniBb, he aank back vain. 

" I Iure not touched you, air," reoüed Baldied. " I brougbt 
you bere to auccour Ton. Yoa will be eaner anoo. Doctor 
Lamb must have wipea Ae halbard," he odded to fainiBeUl 

ADodwp aadden obange. The pain flad from tfae aaffaier^ 
coontenance, and he becwie eaay as befoie. 

"What höre you done to me?" be asked, in a low tone; 
" tbe tortare of mr wound haa suddenly ceased, and I feel as if 
a balm had been drt^iped ioto h. Let me remain in thts atate 
if you faave any pi^, — or de^xtich me, for my lata agmy was 
ahnoet onsoi^rt^le." 

" You are cared for by one «ho haa graater ekill than an^ 
chim^eon in Loodon," replied Boldied. " If I c 



trannpoit yo« to his lodgings, he will BpeetUhr heal your wauncbL." 

" Do not delay then," replied Aunol, fiiintly ; " &a ihou^ I 
am ftee from pain, I feel tbat my life ia ebbiue fiut away." 

" Pren this haodkerchief to your aide, and lean oa me" said 
Baldred. " Doctor I^amb'a dwelling ia bot a atep from the gate- 
wsy — in fiict, the fint honae on the bridge. By the way, the 
doctm- decUres he is your kinaman." 

" It ia the fint I ever heard of hira," replied Autm^ &intly'; 
" bot take me to him qnickly, er it will be too late." 

Zo another moinent they were at tbe doctoHi doon Baldred 
tapped againat it, and the stunmoos wae instaotly anawered by a 
diminutive peraonage, ctad in a jerkin of coarae srey sei^, and 
hariog a leatbem ajm» tied round hia waiat. TbiB was Fla(^ 
diason. 

Blear«yed, imoke-beffrimed, kntetn-jawed, tbe poor dwarf 
aeemed aa if hia whole liw were apeat over the fbiiuce. And 
»o, in fmA, it «aa ' He had become littk better than a naär 
of human bellows. In his hand, he held the balbetd with whidi 
Aoricd had been woonded. 

" So TOU hare been playing the leech, Flapdragfm, eh?" czied 

** Ay, marry bave I," replied the dwtrf, «ith a «iM giin, and 
diaplaying a wolBsh set of teetb. " My maater orde r ed me lo 
aroear tbe halbeid with the sympatheticointment lobeyedhim; 
rabbed tbe steel point, firat on one aide — then on tfae oüicr; 
Hext «iped it ; and then smeared it again." 

" Whereby you pot the patient to exquisite pain," repüed 
Baldred ; " but help me to tranaport him to the laboratoir*" 

" I know not if the doctor will like to be diaturbed," aaid FlajH 
dragon. ** He is bnsily engaged on aome grand Operation." 

» I will take the riak oa myseir." aaid Baldred. « The yoodt 
will die if he lemains here. See, he has binted abeady T 



SSS BBVBULTIOHS <W UmZIOIl. 

Thus m^ed, the dwaif laid down the balbeid, uid betweea 
the two, Auriol was Bpeedilj cxmveyed up a wide ooken stHircase 
to the laboratoiT. Doctor Lomb was plyine the bellowa «t the 
iiimace, on whico a large alembic was pliice^ aod he waa ao eo- 
groBBed by his tasb, that he scarcely noticed the entraace of the 
othets. 

" Place the youth oo the ground, aod lear bis bead agaiiut 
the chair," he cried, hastily, to the dwarf. " Bathe his brovra 
with the decoction in th^t crucible. I will attend to him aD<Hi 
my8el£ Come to me, on the morrow, Baldred, aad I will repay 
thee for thy trouble. I am busy now." 

*' These relics, doctor," cried the gutekeeper, glancing at the 
bag, which was lying on the groun^ aod &cnD which a bald 
head protruded — " I ousht to take them back with me." 

" Heed them not — tney will be safe in my keepin^" cried 
Doctor Lamb, impatiently ; " t<v-morrow — to-morrow." 

Casting a furtive glance round the labocatory, and Bhrug|dnff 
bis shouldeiB, Baldred departed ; and Flapdragon, having balhed 
the flufferer'B temples with the decoction, in obedience to his 
master's injonctioiis, tnmed to inquire what he sbould do oexL 

*' B^ncI" cried the doctor, so fieicely that the dwarf darted 
out of me room, clapping the door after him. 

Doctor Lamb then applied himself to his task with le- 
newed ardour, and in a few aeconds became whoUy insensible of 
the preeence of a stranger. 

Rerired by the stimulant, Auriol preeently opened bis eyee^ 
and gazing round the room, thought he must be dreanun^ ao 
Strange and ßmtastical did all appe^. The fioor was corered 
with the implements used by the adept — bolt-4iead^ cruciUes^ 
cucurbites, and retorts, scattered about without any attempt «t 
arraogement. In one comer was a large terrestrial nihere ; near 
it was an astrolabe; and near that a heap of disuaed ^ass 
vessels. On the other üde, lay a black, mysterious-looking bo<^ 
fiutened with bracen clai^ Around it, weie a ram's aom, « 
pair of forceps, s roll of porchment, a pestle and mortar, and a 
latgt plate of copper, graven with the mysterions symbols of 
the Isatcal table. Near this was the leathem bag containing the 
two decapitated heads, one of which bad partly rolled fbrth. On 
a table, at the fbrther eod of the room, stood a large open volume, 
with parchment leaves, corered with cabalisücu characteia, re- 
fenring to the names of spirits. Near it were two parchment 
scrolls, written in letteia, respectiTely denominated by the Chal- 
daic sages " the Malachim, and " the paasing of the river." 
One Ol these sciolls was kept in ita place by a skuU. An 
ancient and grotesque-looking brasa ump, with two snake- 
headed bumen, üghted the room. From the ceiliog depended 
a huge, Bcaly sea-moiuter, with outopread fins, open jaw^ 
samiäed with tremendous teeth, aixi great goggung eyes. 
Near it hoog the celestial qibere. The chimney-piece, whidi 



BSTCLATIONB OF LONDON. 289 

was cnrioosly carved, and projected &r into tbe room, was 
covered with Tsrioua implements of Heimetic Kience. Abore 
it were hang dried bats and flitter-mice, intenpeiBed with 
the skulla of Birds and apes. Attached to the chimney-piece was 
Mt honuy, sculptiired io «tone, near which hung a large star-ßsfa. 
The firepiace was occwied by tbe furnace, on whicb, as haa beea 
stated, was placed an alembic, communicatiog by means of a long 
seipcotine jnpe, witb a receiver. Within the room were two 
skeletons, one of which, placed befaiod a curtain in the deep 
embrasure of the window, where ita polished bonea glisteoed in 
tbe white moonlight, had a horrible effect. The other eojoyed 
more comfortable quarters near the chimney, its äeehleas feet 
danBling down in tbe emoke arisins from the Aimace. 

Doctor Lamb, meanwhile, steadily piinued bis tssk, though 
he ever and anon paused, to fling certain roots and drugs, which 
be took out of glasa vesaela near nim, upon tbe charcoaL As he 
* did this, variouB-coloured flamea Inxike forth — now blue, now 
green, now hlood-red. 

I^nged by theae fires, the different objecto in the Chamber seemed 
to take other forma and to become instinct with animation The 
gotiTd-6biq>ed cucarbites were transfonned into great bloated toads 
DUTBting witb venom ; the long-necked bolt-beads became mon- 
atrous serpents ; the worm-like pipes, adders ; the alembics looked 
like plunwd belmets ; the characterB on tbe baical table, and those 
on the parchments seemed traced in fire, and to be ever changing; 
the sea-momter bellowed and roared, and, flapping bis fins, tried 
to biirsl from bis hook ; tbe skeletons wiwgea their jaws, and 
rüsed their fleshless fingen in mockeiy, while blae ligbts bumt 
in their eyele« eockets ; the bellows became a profgious bat 
fenning the fire with its wings ; and the old alchemut asnimed the 
^)pearance of the arch-fiend presiding over a witch's sabbath. 

Auriol's brain reeled, and he prened bis band to bis brow^ 
to ezclude these phantasms ftom ois sighL Bat eren thus they 
pnnued him ; and he imagined be could bear the infernal riot 
going on around him. 

Suddenly, he was roused by a loud joyfui cry, and uncovering 
his eyes, he beheld the old aKhemist pouting tue contents of the 
matraat — a bright, transparent liquid — into a small phiaL Uaving 
carefiilly secured the bottle with a glasa atopper, tne doctor held 
it towards the light, and gazed at it with rapture. 

" At length," he ezelaimed aloud — " at length, tbe great woik 
is achieved. With the birth nf the Century now ezpirmg, I fint 
a»w light, and the dnuight I hold in my band ahall en^iw me to 
see tlw opening of ceoturies aod ceDturies to oome. Compoeed 
of the luoar stooes, tbe solar stooes, and the mercurial atonea — 
prepared accoiding to the instmcüona of tbe ftabbi Ben Locc^ 
— namely, by the Separation of the pure from tbe impore, the 
TolatilixatioD of tbe fized, and tbe nzing of tbe volatUe ; tbis 



190 VKVMLJunoma or uwdok 

dixir aball THtew t»; Tooth, like Unat, of the eagle, and give »e 
leiuCtlL of days greater than sny pstriuch erer eojo^ed." 

While thuB speaking, he held up tbe sparkliog liqiudf aod gased 
st it like a Feisian wca^Ipping toe saa. 

" To live for erer !" he cried, after a paoae — ** to escnie the 
jawa of death just wben they are opening to deroui me I to be 
free from all accid«ite! — 'tis a glorious thougbt! — hal— I betfah^ 
me, the R^bi aaid there was on« peiil ^ainst v^ii^ the 
«lizir could not guard me — mu Ttihieiäble pomt, by which, like 
ihe heel of Achilka, deatb might reach me I What is it ? — where 
canitlier 

And he relapsed into deep thongfat 

" Thifi uQcertaio^ will poison «llniv happiness," he continued; 
" I ahall live in constant dread, as of an mvinble enemy. Bat 
HO matter 1 Perpetual life I — perpetual youth I — what mme need 
bedeöred?" 

*' What more, indeed !" cried AurioL 

" Ha r exclaimed the doctor, Buddenly rectdlectiiig the «onnded 
man, aod concealing the phial beneath his gowo, 

" Your cautioD is vüo, doctor," süd AnrioL " I have beard 
what you have utlered. You ima^ne yon have discoyerad the 
elizir vitie." 

" Tmagiti» I have discorered it !" cried Docbir Lamb. " The 
matter is past all doubt I am the posses«» of the wondnus 
secret which the greatest philoeophers of all aas» bsve soo^t 
to discover — the miraculons preserrative of me body agamst 
deeay/* 

" The man who brought me hither told me you were my 
kinsman," aaid AurioL " Is it so ?" 

" It ia," re|died the doctor, " and you shall now kam the 
connexion that sabsists between us, Look at that ghastly leUcv" 
he added, pointing to the.head protruding Irom the bag — " that 
was once my smx Simon. His son's bead is within the sack — 
your iather's bead — so that fbur generations are brou^t tn^ 
gether." 

" Giracions -Heaven !" ezclün>ed the yoong man, rsiäng faim- 
self on bis elbow. " Yon, then, are my greatrgrandsire. My 
&tber supposed you had died in his infimcy. An dd tale ruos 
in the faioily tnat you were charged with sncery, and fied 
to avoid the stake." 

" It is true that I fled, and took die name I bear at pre- 
•ent," replied the old man ; " but I oeed scarcely say that the 
Charge brought against me was false. I have devoted myaelf 
to abstrusest science; have held commune with the stan; 
and have wrested the moet hidden secrets from Nature — but that 
u aU. Two crimes alooe bare stüned my soul, but both, I tmst, 
have been ezpiated by repentance." 

*' Were they deeds of blood ?" asked Anriol. 

" One was so," replied Darcy, with a shndder. " It was a 



•A-TKom or lasoam. 



gndtnde. liston, utd ygu shall hear how it befeL A Romas 
xabbi» DHDed Ben Idicca, skilkd in Hemwüc scieDce, came to 
ihis citj. Hifl fame reached me, and I sought bim out, oSeriag 
mvaelf aa hia ttisciple. For mcxitha, I remaioed wilb him in bis 
labontoiy — wockiog at tbe Aimace, and porii^ orer myatic lore. 
One nif^h^ he ahewed me tkat volume, aod pointing to a pege 
«ithin it, aaid, — * Those duiactera cootsin me Beeret of conftct- 
mg the elixir oS long lue. I will now explain tbem to yoo, 
and ofierwsrda we wiU [wooeed to the operatioD.' With tbia^ 
be onfblded the mystery; bat he bade me obaore, that the 
nwnatnuun waa deKctire on one poinL Wherefore, be süd, 
* theie will still be peril from some hidden canae.' Ob, with 
wbat greedineas I diunk in hia wordsl How I gazed at the 
mj^äc cbaracteii^ aa he ezplained tfaeir Import I wbat Tisiont 
flökted befiwe me of perpetual joath and enioTmeat At that 
moment, a demon iritispered in mj ear, — * Thu Beeret miut be 
thine own. No one elw must posaesB it.' " 

" Ha P exdümed Anriol, Btarting. 

" Tbe eril thought was no Booner conceived, than acted upon," 
{Numed Darcy. " Instantly drawing my pooiard, I plnnged it 
to tbe rabbi's beart. Bot mark wbat followed. His blood feil 
xifoa the book, and oblitetated the characten ; nor conld I bj 
Moj effort of memoiy recall tbe composition of the elixir." 

" When did you tegaia tbe seaetr* asked Auriol, curioud^. 

*• To-nigfat,' replied Darcy — " within tbis hoor. For nigfc 
£fty jcard after tnat &tal night I have been making fniitleBi 
eiperimenta. A film of Idood has obscured my mental sigbL 
I nave proceeded by calcilration, solubon, putrefacdon — hare 
producea the oils wbich will fix crude mercury, and convert all 
bodies into sol and Inna ; but I bare erer fkiled m fermentiag the 
•tone into tbe tnie elixir, To-night, it came into my head U 
wash the blood-stained page containing the secret with a subtle 
Üflnid. I did so ; aod aodsting the emcacy of tbe experiment, 
len it to woik, while I went fortb to brcathe the air at my wio- 
dow. My eyes were cast upwarda, and I was stmck witb tbe 
malignant aspect of my star. How to reconcile tbis with the 
good fortune which has juBt befallen me, I know not, — but so it 
was. At thtB joncture, your rash, bat pioiu attcmpt occurred. 
Having diacovered our relalionship, aod enjoined tbe gate* 
keeper to briog you liither, I retumed to my laboratory. On 
|4Juicing towaroB the myatic volome, wbat was my surpriae to aee 
the paec free from blood V 

Aunol uttered a slight exciamation, and gaaed at the book witb 
■aperatitioas awe. 

" The B»ht was so Burprisii^, that I dropped the heads I lud 
brougbt wi3i me," puraued Darcy. " Fearnil of again loeing tbe 
Beeret, I nerred myself to the task, and ptacing fuel oa the fire, 
\ my attendant witb brief injunctions relative to jou. 



292 RETELATIOinS OF jAomos. 

I thcn set to work. How I have succeeded, you perceiye. I 
hold in my band the treasurfl I have so looe sought, — so eaf^y 
coreted. The wbole world'e wealth BhouliT not purcfaise it front 
me." 

Auriol gazed eamestly at bis aged lelatire, but be said nothii^. 

" In a lew moments, I shall be as lull of vigour and acÜTity 
as youTBelf," condnued Darcy. " We sholl be do longer the great- 
gmadsire and bis deeceodant, but friends — companiona — equal^ 
— equals in age, strengtb, activity, beauty, fortune— for youtb « 
fbrtune — ha t ha \ Alethinka, I am ahcady young again !" 

" You spoke of two crimes with wbich your conscience was 
bÜTthened, remarked AurioL " You have mentiooed but one." 

" The other was not so foul as that I have descnbed," replied 
Darcy, in sn altered tone, " inasmuch as it was unintentional, 
and occaäoned by no base motive. My wife, your anccstres^ 
was a most lovely woman, and so passionately was I enamoured 
of her, that I tned by erery art to hetghten and preserve her 
beauty- I fed her npon the flesh of capom, nourished with vipeis ; 
caused her to steep Der lovely limbs in baths disdlled &oin n»es 
and violets; and had recourse to the most potent cosmetics. At 
last, I prepared a draugbt from poisons — yes, pmiona — the eSect 
of whicb I imagined would be wondrous. Sbe drank it, and ex- 
pired horribly disSgured. Conceive my despair at befaoldii^ 
tbe fair image of my idolatry, destroyed — defaced by my band. 
In tny &enzy, I should have laid violent hands upon mysel^ if 
I had not been restrained. Love may again ruie my beait — 
beauty may again dazzle my eyee ; but I shall never more feel 
the passion I entertunbd for my lost Amice — never more be- 
bold cbarma ravisbing as hers." 

And he pressed bis band to bis &ce. 

" The nustakeyou theu committed should serre as a waming," 
said AurioL " Wbat if it be poison you have now confected? 
Try a few drops of it on some animaL*' 

" No — no ; it is the true elixir," replied Darcy. " Not a 
drop must be wosted. There is only sufficient for the purpose^ 
You will witness its effects aoon. Like the snake, I sball cast my 
slough, and come foith younger than I was at twenty." 

"Meantime, Ibeseecb you reoderme some assistance," gioaned 
Auriol, " or, while you are preparing for immortality, I sball 
expire before your eyes," 

" Be not aäaid," replied Darcy, " you shall take no barm. X 
will care fiir you presently ; and I undeistand leecbcraft so well, 
that I will aoawer for your specdy and periect reooveiy." 

" Drink, then, to it !" cried AurioL 

" I know not wbat staya my band," siüd the old man, rainog 
the pbial ; " but now that immortality is in my reach, I dare 
not grasp it" 

" Give me tbe poticn, then," cried AurioL 

" Not for worlos," rejoiaed Darcy, hugpng the phial to his 



■BTSLATIOMS Or LONDON. 29^ 

breast " No, I will be young agtüo — rieb — happy. I will go 
fortb into the world — I will bask in the smiles of Deauty — I will 
feast, revel, sing — life shall be one perpetual round of enjoymcat. 
Now for tbe trial I — ba P and as he raised the potion towarda 
bis lipB, a Budden pang ahot acroes bis heart "What is thig?" 
he cned, staggering. " Can death aswül me when I am just 
about to eoter upon peipetual Itfe ? Help me, eood grandsont 
Place tbe phial tu my hpe. Pour its cooteots aown my tbroat 
^-quickl quick I" 

" I am too weak to stir," groaned Aoriol. " You hsve delayed 
it too long." 

" Ob, heavens I we eball both peiish," sbrieked Darcy, vaialy 
eodeavouring to rüse bis polsied arm, — " perish wtth the bliesful 
ahore in view." 

And he sank backwards, and would have &IIen to tbe ground 
if be bad not caugbt at tbe terrestrial apbere for qupport. 

" Help me — help me I " he screamed, tixing a glance of un- 
utterable anguisb on bis relative. 

" It is worth the stniggle," cried AurioL And, by a great 
effoTt, he ruaed bioiBeif, and staggered towards the old man. 

" Saved — saved V sbrieked Darcy. " Pour it down my thioat 
An instant, aud all will be welL" 

" Think von I bave done tbis for you ? " cried Anriol, snatch- 
ing tbe potion — " no — na" 

And, Bupporting bimself agalnet tbe fiimace, be placed the 
phial to bis lipa, and eagerty druned ita contenta. 

The old man seemed paralysed by the action, but kept bis eye 
fixed npon the yonth tili he oad drained the elizir to tbe last 
drop. He tben uttered a piercing ciy, threw np bis orms, aod 
feil beavily backwards. 

Dead— deadi 

Flashes of Ugbt paased before Auriors eyes, and stränge noiaes 
smote bis ears. For a moment he was bewildered as with wine, 
and laughed and sang discordanUy likc a madman. Eveiy object 
reeled and danced around bim. The glass vesseb and jars clashed 
their brittle sidcs tc^etber, yet remained umnjured ; tbe fumace 
breatbcd fortb flamea and mephitic vapours ; the spiral worm 
of tbe alembic bccame red bot, and seemed filled with molten 
Icad -, tbe pipe of the bolt-head ran blood ; the sphere of tbe 
earth rollea along the floor, and rebounded from the wall as if 
impelled by a giant band ; the skeletons grinoed and nbbered ; 
60 did the dcath's bead on the table ; so did tbe skulis against 
tbe cbimney ; tbe monstrous sea-fisb belched forth fire and 
smoke ; the bald decapitated bead opened its eyes, and fixed 
tbem, with a stony glare, on the young man ; while the dead 
alchemiat shook bis band menaclngly at bim. 

Unable to bear these accumulatea borrors^ Auriol became, for 
s short Space, insensible. On recoveriog, all was stilL Tbe 
lighls witnin the larap had expired; but the brigbt moonlight. 



294 umLATiosn or Ltunx». 

Streaming through the «indow, tdl npon the ri^d featmca of 
the unfbituDate idcbemiet, «nd od the cndialiBtic chancten of the 
open Tolume beside him. 

Eager to test the efiFect of the elixir, Anriol put hii hud lo 
bis side. All traces of tbe wound 'were gone ; nor did he ex- 
perience the aligfatest pain in aDv other part of bis body. On 
tbe contrary, he seemed endowed with preteniatural streogth. 
His breast dilated with laptur^ and he longed to expend Ot 
joy in acüve motion. 

Stridiog over the body of his aged relatiTe, he Ihrew open iHe 
window. Ab he did eo, jo^oua peak bimt &o[ii suiroundiiig 
churches, aonoanciDg the amval oi the new year. 

While listening to this clamour, Auriol gazed at the popaloaa 
and pictureeque city stretched out before Hud, and bathed in tbe 
moonlight. 

" A hundred yeais hence," he thougfat, " and scarcely tme sonl 
of the thousanda within thoee houses will be living, save inysdf. 
A hundred yeani aller that, and their children's cfaildren will 
have gone to the grare. But I sball hve on — shal) live through 
all ciianges — all cuatomB — all time. What revelations I äuU 
then have to make, if I ahould dare to diacloee thero P 

As he ruminated thus, the skeleton hanging near him wn 
swayed by the wind, and its bony fingen came in coatact vith 
his cbeek. A dread idea was suggested by the occurrence. 

" There is one peril to be avotded," he thought ; " one perill 
— what is it ? Pshaw I I will thiok no more of iL It may nerer 
arise. I will begone. Thia place fevers me." 

With this, he left the laboratory, and haatily descending tbe 
Btairs, at the foot of which he found Fl^>dragon( pasaed out n 
the house. 



BMVELA.TIOm OV UOmCIM. 



BOOK THE FIEST. 



■ IN TBS Ti,VXBUA lOAJX 



Latb one niffht, iq the Bpriaa of 1830, two men isaned from a 
low, obficoreiy situated public-nouse, near MUIbank, and ehaped' 
Üieir conrse spp&rently in tbe direction of Yauzhall Bridge. 
Avoiding the lootpam near the river, thej moved stealdiily 
along the further aide of the road, where the open ground offeried 
them an ea^ means of flight, in case such a conrse ehoold be 
found ezpeaient. 

So far afl it cotdd be diacerned b; the elimpsea of the mooa, 
which occasionally shone forth Irom ■ lack of heavy clouds, the 
appearance of these peisoD&ges was not mach in their favour. 
Hiiffgard features, atamped deeply with the charactera of crime 
anddebauchery ; fierce, reetl^ eyes ; bearda of several days" 
growth ; wild, unkempL heads of hau-, formed their chief personal 
characteristics ; white sordid and ra^ed clothes ; shoes without 
soles ; and old hats without crowna, coostituted the eam of tbeii 
appareL 

One of tliein waa tall and gannt, with large hands and feet ; 
but, deBpitehismeagrenesB,heeTidentIypQ88e8Bedgreat etrenglh: 
the other was considenibly shorter, but broad-shooldered, bow- 
Ie^;ed, long-armed, and altogether a ciost fbnnidable ruffian. 
Tfais fellow had high cheek-boues, a long aquiline nose, and a 
coarse mouth and cbin, in wliich the animal greatly predo- 
miuated. He had a stubby, red beard, with sandy hur, white 
brows and eyelashes. The countenance of the other was dark, 
and repulsire, and covered with blotchea, the result of habitual 
intemperance. His eyes had a leering and malignsnt look. A 
hacdkerchief epotted with blood, and tied across his brow, con- 
trasted strougly irith bis tnatted black hair, and increased his 
natural appearance of ferocity. The shorter ruffian canied a 
mallet upon his Shoulder, and his companion concealed some- 
thing beneath the breast of bis coat, which afierwards proved 
to be a dark lantem. 

Not a Word passed between them, but, keeping a vigilant look- 
out, ihey tradsed on with quick, but shambling eteps. A few 
sounds arose irom the banks of the rirer, and there was now 
and then a plash in the water, or a diatant civ, betokening some 
pasäng crut; but generally, all was profoundly stilL Tha 
quwot, Dutcfa-Iookine structures on the opposite bank, the 
Ime of coal-barges and lighters moored to the Strand, the great 
timber-yards and coal-yards, the brew-honses, gas-works, and 
water-works, could only be imperfectly discerned ; but the moon- 
ligfat ftll dear upoo the andent towera of LÜnbeth Palace> 



296 mBTELATKon ar lonimhi. 

and oa the Deigbbouring church. Tfae same elimmer also ran 
like a äJver )}eU acroes thc stresm, and revealed tbe gicat, stera, 
fortrcBS-like pile of the Penitentiary — perhspa the mögt dismaW 
looklng atnicture in the wbole metropolis. The world of babita- 
tions bejond thia melancholy prison were burlecl in daikoe«. 
The two inen, however, tbought nothing of theae things, and saw 
uotbing of them ; but, on arriTing witbin a coaple of fauadred 
jards of the bridge, suddenly, as u b; previons concert, quitted 
tbe road, and leaping a raü, ran acruss a field, and plunged 
into a hoUow fonned by a diied pit, wbere they came to a mo- 
mentaiy halt 

"You've baven^been a-«nimonin' me in this matter, Tinker?' 
observed the Eboiter individuaL " The core's sure to come ?" 

" Wby, jou can'l ezpect me to anawer for aoother as I can f<x 
mysel^ Sandman,** replied tbe other; " but if hia own woid's 
to be taken for it, be s sartm to be there. I beerd bim exy as 
{dainly as I'm a-epeakin' to you, — * 111 be here to-tnorroir night 
— at UM same hoiir '" 

•' Aod that WOB one o'clock T said tbe Sandman. 

** Tbereabouts," repUed thc otber. 

" And who did be say that to ?" d^nanded the Sandman. 

" To hiaself, I a'pose," answered the Tinker ; " for, as I told 
you afore, I could see no one witb bim." 

"Doyou think he'a one ofour puifession — one of the Family ?" 
inquired the Sandman. 

" Blesa you I no — that he ain't," letumed the l^ker. " He's 
S ■'Bglar slap-up svell." 

*' That'a no reason at all," aaid tbe Sandman. " Manj a 6r6t- 
rate bvcU practtaea in our line. But be can't bc in bis ligbt 
mind to come to auch a ken aa that, and go on as yon mentions." 

" Aa to that I tan't say," replied the Tinker; " and it don't 
mucb matter as &r as we're consamed." 

" Devil a bit I " rejoioed the Sandman, " ezcept — you're ßure 
it wam't a sperrit, Tmker. I've beerd say that this crib 'ia baunted, 
and though I don't fear no livia' mau, a ghost's a diäercnt sort of 
customer. 

" Vell, youll find onr btcU raal fleah and blood, you may de- 
pend upon it," replied tbe Tinker, " So come along, and doD't 
let'a bc friEbtenin ourselvea vith ould vimen'a tales." 

With tbis, they emerged from the pit, crossed the lower part 
of the field, and entered a narrow thorough&re, skirted by a few 
detached houses, whicb brougbt tbem iuto tbe Vuixball-bri^e 
Road. 

Here they kept on the aide of the atreet whicb was mcst 
in ghadow, and croascd over whenever they came to a lamp. 
By and by, two watchmen were seen advancing from Belvoir- 
terrace, and, as the guardians of the night drcw near, they crept 
ioto an alley to let them poss. Aa aoon ae the coast was clear, 
they rentured forth, and quickening tbeir pace, came to a row 



'^- :^-»-^. 


g.^.;; 


S-- 


■t--S*i;4.: 




1 


*^-i*:l; 


m 


-s- 



BKTK^TIOHB OW LOHIXai. 297 

of dcKited and dilapidated houses. IUb was their desdna^ 

tiOD. 

The Ttnge o habitations in question, more than a dozeo in 
nomber, were, in all pnibabilit7, what is vulgarly called " in 
chaxuxry," and shared the &te of most property aimilarly cir- 
comBtanced. Tbey were in a sad, ruinous State — unroofed, 
«ithoat Windows and floon. The bare walls were alone left 
itanding, and tfaese were in a very tumble-down condition. 

In tfais State, the only purpose to which the neglected dwellingg 
eould be applied, was to tum them into receptacles fbr old iron, 
blocka of stone and wood, and other poitderous matten. The 
■spect of the whole place was so disinal and soEpicioiiE, tbat it 
was generally avoidea by paasengere after night&lL 

Slculking along the blüik and drearr waUs, the Tinker, wbo 
was now a little in adrance, stopped beiore a door, and piühing 
it opeo, entered the dwellioE. His compsnion followed nim. 

The eztraordinary and incongniouB asfiemblaee of objects 
which met the gaze of the Sandman, coupled wim the deeerted 
«[q>earance of tfae place, produccd an e^ct upon bis hardy bot 
mpendtious nature. 

Xooking round, be beheld huge mill-stones, enormous water- 
wheels, boilen of steam-engines, iron vats, cyliöden, cranes, iron 
pumps of the strängest fasbion, a gigantic pair of wooden scales, 
old iron safes, old boilere, old gas pipes, old water pipee, cracked 
4>Id belle, old birdcages, o)d plates of iron, old pulleys, ropes, 
and rufity chüns, huddled and heaped together in the moet 
&ota8tic disorder. 

In tbe nidst of the chaotic mass firowned the beatded and 
colosaal head of Neptune, which had once decorated the fore part 
of a tnan-of-war. Äbove it, on a sort of framework, lay the prae- 
träte statue of a nymph, together with a bust of Fox, the noae 
of the latter being paitly demolishcd, and the eyes knocked in. 
Above these, tbree wooden figures from a summer-bousc, — an 
old gentleman and two ladies, — laid their heada amicably to- 
gether. On the left stood a tall Grecian divinity, or wanior, but 
miuuB tbe beod and right Hand. The whole was surmounted by 
«n immeose Ventilator, stuck on the end of an iron rod, ascend- 
iog, like a lightning-conductor, fi-om the stcam-en^ne pump. 

Seen by tne trangient lieht of tbe moon, tbe various objects 
above enumerated prodaced a stränge effect upon the beholder^ 
imagtaation. Tbere was a tnixture of the grotesque and the 
ternble about tbem. Nor was the building itself devoid of a certain 
infiucncc upon bis mind. The ragged brickwork, ovei^rown 
with weeds, took with bim the sembumce of a human face, and 
•eemed to keep a wary eye on what was going fbrward below. 

A means of^croasing ftoia one side of the building to the other, 
without descending into tbe vanlt beneatb, was afforded by a 
oouple of planks ; though as the wall on tbe fiirther side was 

TOL. VI. X 



aome feet hichw tbao tfaat near sl hiad, stxi tlie pbnka «oc 
coneiderablj beut, the passage appeared aomewbat hazardOim 

Glftiiciqg nmad for a momeat, tbe Tial[er lewed into the 
oeUar, and UDma^ing lue lautem shewed a sort of nidii^-plaDe^ 
beCweeo a bulk of timb« aod a boUer, to which he iimted liis 

OODKMUlioa. 

Ibe Sandman jumped down. 

"The aU I dlraidt at the ' Two F^iting Cocks ' haa made 
ise feel «»lewbat drowsy, Tinker," £e renarkfid, stretdäng 
biaself on the bulk, " I'U just tdce a BBocoe. Yonll wake am 
<^i if I aoore — or when our ^>errit appeara." 

Tke Tinker feplied in the affirmative ; «ad the other h«d jaat 
become loet to coosciouaneea, wben he recHved a niu^ in tfae 
sid«) aod his cmnpaiuea whispercd — " He'a here V 

", Where — whGreP^demaiitled the Sandmao, in Bouie tiepidatioiL 

*' Look w^ acd yoali see him," r^lied the other. 

fiUghtly aüeting hia poeition, dte Sandmas caogfat äght of a 
^^are Mandiag apoo the ^auks above tbem. It was mat of s 
young man. Hie hat was ob, and hü featores, czpoaed to the fkll 
radiance of tbe mooD, looked deathly pale, aiA thoorii hand- 
«ooie, kad a stränge siniBter expresac^ He was tall, ^ght, and 
wdl-proportioDed ; acd the gencral cut of his «ttire, the ti^t!;- 
bvttoDed, ÜDgle-lHieastied coat, together with the mouatac^ Jtpim 
hu Iräv gOTehim aomewbat ofa niilitary air. 

"He seems a-valkin' in his sleep," louttered dte Saadman. 
"He*8 a-speakin' to somebodv nnwisible." 

"Hueb — hmhl" wbispered the otber, " Let'a hear wot faeV 
••«ayid'." 

** ^^y bare you brought me here ?" cried tbe youag man, ia 
« WNce so hollow tbat it thriUed his auditoca. " What is to be 
doBe?" 

" It mafces my blood ruD cold to heiir bim," whiapered die 
■SandmuL " What d'je think he si 



bveu 

Aod 



beokoQ me forward ? 



Why do jou not speak to mc ?" cried the young man — ** whj 

Well. I obey. I wiS follow job.' 

SS the plaak. 
See, be's a-goia' througb that door," cried the Tinkei: 

.»'a £i1Ur liim " 



lImI he mored slowly across the plaak. 



" Let'a foller him." 

" I don't half like it," replied the Sandman, bis teeth chat- 
tering with apprebeiuioD. " We sball see summat as 'U sca» 
•ny ouTfleoBea." 

" Tut!" CTied the Tinks — "it's oaly a aleepy-valken Wot 
«ceyou afeerd on ?" 

With this, he vaulted upon the pLank^ aod peepins caudooslT 
out of the open door to which thev led, saw the ob^ect of his 
acnitiay enter the adjoining bouse, through a broken window. 

Making a sign to tbe Saodman, who was doee at bis heeis, tfe 
Tinker crept (orward on all fours, and on reachiiu; tbe wUtdow, 
Taised himself just aufficiently to command the inteiior of the 



■KVSL&TIONI «r lONIH». S99 

dwelling. Unfortanately for him, the moon was at tbis moment 
obacured, and he could distin^tsh nothiae except tbe dasW 
tRrtline of tbe T&nons o4»jecta witb vhich tne place was filied, 
■nd which were neorly oi the samc kiod as those of tbe nei^i- 
booiing habitatioa. He listeiied mtently, but not the slightest 
Bonnd reacbed hie eare. 

After some üme spent m tbts way, be began to fear die 
youDg mira muat bare depaited, wben all at onee a piercing 
■craan reaouoded througb tbe dweltiog. Some heavy matter 
■wu äislodged, witb a thuDdering craeh, aad fbotstepe were beard 
imrcMctiing tbe window. 

Haatil; ntteating to tbeir iörmer biding-^aoe, tbe Tinko- and 
bk corapaotOD had acaroelv renined k, «beo tbe young man 
again appeated od tbe plaDlc. His demeanour bad undei^ooe a 
fearfuL cbange. He sta^ 'gered, ratber tbao walked, and bis 
cotmteDance was even paler tban before. Haviag croased tbe 
plaak, be took bis way alovg tbe top of tbe brokoa wall 
towardi tbe door. 

" Nüw, then, Sandman T txied tbe Tinker — " oow'b ytmr 
titiiel" 

Tbe otber nodded, aod gisaptog bis maHet witb a deadly aod 
deteiinioed parpase, sprang Doiselesdy lipon tbe w^, and over- 
took bia intended victün just before faie gained tbe door. 

Heariiw a aound bebind bim, tbe yoong man tumed, and 
only jiut Decame cooscious of tbe preeence of tbe Sandman, 
wben tlie mallet desoended upon bis bead, and be feil crudied 
and Benaelen to die ground. 

" Tbt work's done P cried tbe Sandman to bis oompamoo, 
wbo üutandy came up witb tbe dark (antem ; " lec'i tue bim 
below, and atrip bim." 

" Agreed," replied tbe 'Hnker; " but fint let'i see wot he 
bae got in bia pockets." 

" Vitb all my 'art," replied tbe Sandman, Eearcbing tbe 
elotbes of dtevictim. " A readerl — I bope it's welMined. Well 
ezamine it belsw. Tbe body 'ud teil awkvard tales if any toii 
sbould chance to peep in." 

" Sbatl WC waip him bore ?" uüd tbe Tinker. " Now tbe 
darkey shinea on em, you lee wot famous toga tbe eull haa oou" 

" Do yoa want to hsn na anagoed, fbol 7" cried tbe Sandman, 
^ninging into tbe vanlL ** Now^noist him down bere." 

Witb tbis, he placed tbe woonded nwn'a legs orer bii owa 
afaoulden, atid, aiaed bv bis oomrade, was m tbe act of besr- 
ing down the body, wben tbe street door suddeidy flew open, 
and a stout individual, attended by a couple of watcbmen, ap- 
pcared at it. 

" Tbere the villaina are T sbonted tbe new comer. " Tbey 
-bave beeo murdering a gentleman. Seize 'em — seize 'em T 

And a3 be apoke, be diachanred a pistol, tbe bail from wbicb 
wbistled paat tne ean of the Tinker. 

xa 



300 BEVSLATIOHB OV LOKIXHf. 

Without waiting for another sslute of the same kind, vYätk 
might poBsibly be nearer its mark, the mffiaQ kicked tbe lautem 
into the vault, aqd sprang aftec the Suidoiaa, who had already 
düappeared. 

Acquaioted with the intricaciea of tbe place, the Tinket gaided 
his companioD through a hole into au adjoiniiig vaolt, whence 
thej ecaled a wall, got into the next faouse, and passing throogfa 
an Dpen window, made good their retreat, wbile the watchmen 
were vaioly searching for them under eveiy bulk and jüece of 
iron. 

" Here, watchmen I" cried the stout individoal, who had 
acted as leader ; " oever mind the villains just now, but belp 
me to convej this poor young gentleman to my house, vhere 
proper assistance can be rendered htm. He still breatbes ; bat 
ne DBB leceived a terrihle blow on the head. I hope hJa skull aint 
broken." 

" It's to be boped it üat, Mr. Thomicroft," replied the foremoM 
watchman ; " but them wos two desperate charocters, as ever I 
see, and capable of an; hatteroeity." 

" What a frightfui scream I heard to be sure I " cried üx- 
Thomicroft. " I was ceitain somethin' dreadful was goin' oc 
It was fortunate I wasn't eone to bed ; and BtUl more iortunate 
yoa happened to be comin up at the time. But we musn't stand 
chattenn* bere. Bring the poor young gentleman along — bring 
bim along." 

Preceded by Mr. Thomicroft, the watchmen carried tbe 
wounded man ecross the read towards a small house, the whole 
front of which, together with two wooden out-buildings, were 
decorated with articles of iron. The door was held open bj a 
female eervant, with a candle in her hand. The poor woman 
uttered a cry of horror, as the body was brought in. 

" Don't be crying out in that way, Pe^y, cried Mr Thomi- 
croft, " but go and get me the brandy.^Here, watchmen, Isj 
tbe poor young gentleman down on the so&-— there, gently, 
genUy. And now, one of you nm to Wbeeler-stieet, ana fetcb 
Mr. Howell, tbe su^eon. Less noise, Peg^ — leas noiae, oryou'll 
waken your young misais, and I wotdJ^ hare her distnrbed 
for the World." 

With this, he snatched the bottle of brandy from the maid, 
fiUed a wine^lass with the spirit, and poured it down the throat 
of tbe wounded man. A stifling sound foUowed, and ^cr 
slniggling violeatly for respiration for s few seconds, tbe patient 
opened his eyes. 



TUE COLLECTED WOEKS OF G. P. E. JAMES. 

" THE OIPST," " HABT OF BORfllliaiY," AMD THSIB ADTHOB. 

Tbbbe is an inc'idental remark in one of Ihe romances of Mr, James, 
to the eflect, tliot if one coutd write the histoiy of luan's heart and its 
motives, how mach more intereBÜng, and instractive too, would the 
record be than the brightett Tolume tbnt ever was written upon man's 
tctions. It is becsuse we hold th&t the stories of this populär contri- 
butor to the pleasures of the wide world of readers, wherever fiction in 
anjr of it« infinite Bhapes is reÜBhed, are in an eminent degree comhi- 
natious of the two essentials to intereet and Instruction — uniting with 
all that is bright and pictaresque in mau's actions, much that relat«9 
to the inner wonders of bis heart and its motires, — for this reason it is* 
that we make the present reprint and collection of bis works the Bub- 
ject of a welcome in these pageB. 

If anjr work were wanting to prove that this nriter, besides being a 
powerful and brilliant chronicier of events, is a close, keen, searcaer 
inio th« secreciea of humanit^, an expounder of the heart's inexhans- 
tible philoaophj, and an nncompromiüng though unobtrosire moralist, 
here it ia at once to be found in the opening volume of hia proposed 
seriea: the series being a revised and corrected edition of those talea 
•nd novels with which he has enriched the modern librar; of flctioa 
during the paat twen^ ^ears, and invested hiatory, traditlon, and fancj, 
with foscinationa for readers of all agea. 

Of this deaign, which is to be worked ont in qnarterlj Tolnmes, 
each containing a novel, the commencement baa alreadj appeared — in 
a form the most attractive to the true novel-reader, presenting a pege 
ntitber loo meagre nor too füll. The author has assigned himself the 
task of rensing tho whole of his writings, aad doubtlesB it will be no 
light one, though his readers can have aa little question that the result 
will amplj reward bis labours. In the production of auch a series of 
woiks, of talea which roust have involved so much previoua re- 
aearcfa, and acqiuüntanco with books of almoat ever; period and conn- 
try, anch nünute and curions kaowledge, such patient iaveattgation of 
■ubjects often qnite away from the besten track, it is quite impoBaible 
that an; anxietj or habita of accurac^ could be an efiectnal guard at 
all aeasons against mislake; nor is it more poesible that pageB written 
with such düzliog rapidity, and with such a free aod spontaneoos flow 
of language, can be wholl/ free from thoae errors of composition, and 
defecta in point of polisb or conceutration, which do not iJwbjb eacape 
the moBt laboured and fastidious pen. The inemory possessed by Mr. 
JamoB is perfectly wonderful, and more than a literar^ curiosity; and 
hia style, as well as his facts, is rängularly correct, if not inrariablj 
conciae; bot there cannot be a donbt that he is higÜy fortunate in thu 

Slden opportunity of reTiBing and correcting bis woriu, and giving 
sm the benefit of his matured and delibcrate judgment. That pleasant 
fortone bis readers will share, nnleu he ihould happen to follow the 
ezample set by iome writers, and under the plea of correcting, proceed 
to nmodel hu atoriea; chgnging the " venne" perbaps from Devon- 



302 TRE COLLECTED W(»X& OF O. F. B. JAHE8. 

Bhire to Venice, bringing on new characters and diEplacing an oH ooe, 
manyiiig off hia hero instesid of touchingly murdering him, or ieaving 
a fair heroiae, at the dose of the scene, preparing for a nunnery instead 
of the mirsery: whither Romance, «fter all, onünarily tende, the ccwn- 
mon-place being supplemeatoiy to the sublime. 

There is no danger of such grievoas bewilderment to readers with 
good memories in Mr. James's case, if we may asanme the principle <d 
revision to be laid down in the opening atoiy of the series. Hiat 
Story, moreoTer, has been well chosen for the introductory office; it is 
" The Gipey," eminently worthy of the post of honour. This voIume, 
we believe, has obtained a wide drculatioa in its present form; and 
we say it most oordially and unaffectcdly, that it merits the widest. 
Few tales are calculated to intereat more deeply, or to leave npon tlie 
enthusiaatic and senaitiTe mind, a more ddightfiil, s more Usting 
impre3si<m. 

If we may presnme to anppoae that " Tlie Gipey," from ita beiog 
■elected as Volume One of the attractiTe series, Stands bigh, or «vea 
lüghest in the estimation of ita author, few of bis readere, periiapst 
wonld dissent from such & judgment. With ourselres it is an eepenaf 
fiiTourite. It takes a firm morol hold of an honest reader. 

And bere we may aa weQ remark at ooce, that «baterer defeds dt 
haste^ misapprehenHion, or crudeuess, Mr. James may detect in tfae 
«Mine of bis experiment of cotrecting, be is one of tbose autbora wbo 
fcar« nothing to enue bot blots of a literaiy kind, perceptible, more <a 
}c«i, by all; nothing to strike away but redundandea or obacure pas- 
M^; nothing to correct but imperfect Darrotive or misconstnicted 
|<i)tit. For with aa mach gratification as confidenee it may be dedared, 
tutd every critical reader of bis booka must feel it to be true, that in 
M one portioa of tbem, domeslic or hiatorical, ia Hr. Jamea called 
HIHui, by bis coaecientiouaneaa and just feeling of reeponaibüity aa an 
autbur, to " revise or correct" any lesson inculcated by a atory of bis, 
to alter tbe tone or tendency of any cbapter be bas writteu, in r^ard 
|«t it« moral influences upon the reader, young or old — to blot out a 
siitgle line on the acore of coarseness, or vulgarity, or oSence of anj 
ktui) to the bighest or the nicest taste of the preaent time. Not s 
woix) «nywbere. On the contrary, au hia writings bare a bealthyand 
r^'fluing tendency; raising the mind by tbe contemplation of what ii 
Muwhled and exälted, aoftening it by pictures of sufiering and endur- 
»IM.-«, moving the universal aympatbies, and invigorating its Tirtooaa 
^»nfüona by bold, but never overcharged delioeatioDs of evil, with 
luisi^y dogging its Steps, evenwhen not, luxury, and apparent succen 
ait) uf the Company. 

Such we believe to be the epirit of all the fictions referrod to; tbe 
iikatructive points are never thrust forcibly into view, but neither a» 
ib^'V over lost aight of; no falsa doctrine, in reapect eitber to sentiment 
^ ivuduct, finds eocouragement in any of tbem; a devout adoration of 
ibi' IV'ity, we may venture to aay, infosea into some appropriate acene 
lU' )Kkini>gi^ not unfrequently, a feeling of beautiful solemnity, and ia 
itiilu'Jlivu uf Ihe objecta and character of the writer. To say all in 
ivv, iT WUT Jh — bis worka, througbout thcir cxtcnt, aupply by subject and 
bv illii.-iti'utii.ii, iho most efiective rebake to the thoughtless under- 
Niiluvta 'iiiiJ ^^^ fauatical denouncerd of novel and romance; tbey are 
■,uiv ti' ^itloi'd iuiiiKH'nt pleasuro, wbile tbey are not dcatitate of signs 



TBI COI.I.BCTSD WOMU OF 6. f. B. JAME8. 3W 

Unt tiiej 1117 sorr« ertn k h^her parpow. Ther seUom §ml t» 
heget in na ft better tonper towards meo, and in proportion u Agf 
io tlut, Ütej üupire v» with % pro&Mmder reverence for ^e Cr«alw. 

In Aß ÜBtf ng «mtkcMd by tfee ttoiy of " Ute Gip^," whick w» 
n^ Bt IcMt r^wd aa the specimen tale of th« domesdc kind, all tb« 

iiiH»! iaiifi here described ue embodled. The iacidests of the tale, it 

ü iatiauned, we tr«e t tbey miy or mi^ not be, bot we know the ch»- 
iMter» ve ; we are sura that the motnes, the feehngs, and the lewoos 
to be drawn from them are rmy trve. It ia s stny of aotiaiia, hat 
n*m of motivea, paasiona, and the nund; in other wi»^ the nulut 
derivea more knowledge of the characters through the medium af tbefr 
Cbcliaga and apeeulatiotie, tbeir antipathies, affioitiei^ and prcijndiaaa, 
Asa b7 aoj actnal deeda dooe and perfiNmed by tbem, tfaougfa AaM 
an oU pemctly censiflient and expreanve. The persoaa of tiia atay 
Itave charactere by which they would be known, thongh they ohmeed 
to do notUng et afl. Actioa in thie tale iUnstratea charäcter wiMk 
nnurkable nke^. 

It ia • atoTf M a aoppcaed fratricida, A« repated n ro dgrer tm- 
■eeiBng t» a title and large »tatee ; and his belo*e4 aoa, a cUTakao» 
and qnidk-^rited yo«Ä, neeäriiig for the flrst tiiBe iltttffigeiiee of 
tta ^palliag erent, wbea he ie just mi the eve of nuRiage, Iren 
a pftj Chief, who had heea once anspeeled oa the itr**-'" Be wa» 
bot the miaeen witne» of the deed, the rsK^nte cooecafor of Aa- 
aaaaaaiB's aaine. Whea he breathes it, its effects can only he to sfriks 
down « gallant, geserona youth from high nobility and imuence to • 
ConditioQ whoae ligbtest peoalties were exile and beggaiy. Bnt tha 
foot gifj ia a »ore potöit Bpirlt than Lord Dewry, deäd ov Kving, 
and he wcaree aone threads of bleaaedneaa into thia web of eviL A 
Hght, goUao e4ge, with anminer h^tea peeriag above it, ia at inteiTiia 
Tiaible round the dark thtmder-cloud of fate. The story ie not orta- 
ahadowed (aone of this autbor*« are) hy pain and glooia. 

The poeitiTe action eoaipriaee but few persona, and ecmm hwt a 
•bort ipaceof time; tbe intareat, bowerer, iaaoconeentrated, ihatfrom 
the potnt where it flrat, aAer tong ainouUering, bursts into a flam^ it 
■enr for a ntonMOt abatee, cv ceasea to lighten np all that tfaeve lä et 
tte iwaginatiTe, the wondering, and the synpathuing in the readev'a 
aatuie. There ia a spell cast over him, close and irreaistible as Ibat 
wbkh woHu apon hls mind, when Fenimore Cooper carriea hiat, 
breatUess with canoaity aad soapenae, over hia traoUeaa and intM'nBa- 
able iwairiei. Tbe glwtona gtpay, Pharold, ia a aort of Indian " pata 
ftce, ■> white akin, with a räd man'a instincta ; or rather, ha ia • 
Leatberatocking of the flelds, hill-aidee, and bedgeways of FnglamJ 
AU tbe Bcenea in which be ia prominently mgaged are drawn witfa 
admirable power—« power that gathera strength at each repetitioo af 
Ha exerciae : certain teat of the vivid rcality of tbe «mceptiMi, aad 
of the anthor'* üaith in hia own work. In the keen gipsy'a mid- 
B^bt excnrsiona and adventurea in ftA and wood, hia atarligfat 
flitänga OD myateriooa roada, his coUiaiona with foreatera and keapera 
to protect even the miagnided and worthleea of his vandering rooet — 
above all, in thoae ecenea where thie generouB and disinterealed baliig, 
with courage and fidelity blendiog in every drop of tbe blood that 
rnsbea through his proud heart, is hunted and chaaed, hour by baor, 
bj boBod-Uke enenüea through the tagled miiifa nf wanrli, whare, 



304 THE OaUUSCTBD WOBMB OT G, P. &. JAHBS. 

smidtt a haadTed peiÜB and unq>eakable persecntüiQB, he satttiKe 
from Üie tOTTCDt, into which he plunged, tbe danghter of the fäniilj 
whoM chiel' seeks hü life with ipflatiriJc haü^ aod TiDdicdrenfles, 
bearing her to her very house, only to be c^itored ; where, too, tbe 
gipajr hero, firm to tneet ioevitable death radier than riolate a pro- 
mise given, b lured in cdd-blooded treacheiyinto a tnp hy tbe yonth 
whoee life be is perilling bis otrn to save ; — ^we are oontintiaUj 
reminded, in all tbese encounters and esc^iea, of the alamu, Ticiaai' 
tndea, agitaiion, exdtements and anspense, of Cooper's Indien Soenea; 
■nd i£ ve knew how to express higher admiratiiKi, tfae Oipey ehouU 
Itaveit. 

Fharold is a craature of tbe rarest virtuea and the wüdest and mort 
inoarable prejodicee. His bitter misantbropy, bia intellectoal and 
ardtttt loye of nature, his contempt for law and law-practicea, bis tm- 
oonquenible arersion to tbe babits and usagea of towns and social li&, 
bis tbint tot liberty, wbitii is tbe paasion of ita existenc«, are all 
eqoaUed, but oolj equalled in intensi^, b^ tbe native beroism of his 
htait, bj the dqith of bis afiections, bj bis trustirortbiness ander 
nr&I töoiptationf^ and bj bis eager lore of all good and noble men. 
Su^ a cbaracter, iinless bravelj developed as it was ricblj imagined, 
WoaM be apt to degenerate into the melo-dramatic and the extravagant. 
VtmtM, on the contrarj, sboots, as he ehould do, &om the broad lerel 
of tbe natural, on which the cbaracter is based, into tbe romantic and 
Um poetical. There is a great deal of tender and beautiful writing 
anbodjing theae gipsy bomanities, and the page ollen glows with 
loftj eeutiment, wbile it sparkles with thought. 

There is nothing to be read ia anj book mach more affecting tban 
Pbarald's d^ected lore and unrewarded derotedness ; nothing mof» 
«levatiiig to the spirit than the spectade trf* hie tnithfulneas and d%ni^ 
amidat persecudoDa. 

And wbat a thrilling, well-constructed story is tbat of which 
Fharold is the bumble hero! Moreover, it bas a well-concealed catsa- 
trophe, mitigating the paia which had been growing exceseiTei thovgb 
thia pain is softened all through, in some degree, hj a. gentlenees of 
heart and a sjmpathy with all genial and loving Qatnres, tbat inaea- 
aiblj oozes through the narrative and wins one to tbe conrae of the 
atoiy, wander aa it will — ^which is never far Irom tbe point. It 
teacbes a better lesaon than despondency. But the terrible ex- 
hibition of deprarity in the usurping JLord Dewrj, his gradiul 
dropping into low degrees of wretchedneas and crime, the oonstant 
widening of the foul drde of sin, the spasms of dailj and bourl/ 
fear, the withering influences of remorse — tbese reqnired relief, and 
rdief we bave in delineations of three or four of tbe most genial cba- 
raeters tbat ever, by their manifest reality, made melancbäj people, 
Btudioua of romanoe, fall viol^itly in love witb real life again. Theae 
are cbiefl; ladies, three graces, of whom one might be a grandmotb«-, 
and yet is ahe the first divinity of the three. ^e old Mrs. Falkland 
ia, without exception, tbe moat exquisite and worshipable elderly lady 
in all literature ; every part of her condnct is deligbtful, and jet sh« 
is pure nature, without exaggeration or di^uiae. No picture oonld 
be touched witb lesa pretence or more bappj eSect. But tbe two 
joanger fascinaters — tbe hlgb-minded, affectionate Marien, and tbe 
BMm IniUoaome and giddy, but bardl; teas ferrid and aoft-hearted 



TH> COLIAOTSO VORKB OF G. F. B. JAHBS. 305 . 

^badore — we hennnefl wnthj to ivpcme nnder the wings of a Mra. 
FklklMid. In lofUer phnoe, we already h&ve the portraits of thu pur, 
in their (nah colours uid unfitding liutre, placed " on the Uoe" in th« 
portrait-galleij of the tme feminine ideal 

No extrftCt woald fuUj exemplify the spirit of thi< romsnce, not even 
one of tbe vfurited park acenes, or the interview between Üie prond« 
gnilty noUenun and the migerable gipey lad whom be lorea inb> 
tttmätery at which the heait aiokens, it U so unspeakablj base. 

"Mtrj «S Bnrgund;," the second Totuine <^ this edition, com- 
menoee dte historical aeries. This was the first of his wi^ka on whidi 
tlie aathor empU^ed an amanuensis, the plan of dictation being ang- 
geated b; Sir Walter Scott ae a gteat Deviation of literary labonr. 
The reader, b; a cooiparison of theae pages with the previona writings 
i>f Mr. Jamea, majjudge if anj difiOTOOce or pecnliarity be conae- 
qoent vpoa thia change in the proceBS of composition. £F the plan of 
dietatiDg have a genraal tendenc?', aa some think, to engender a pro- 
fnaion öt worda and habits of needlesa elaboration — the diatinction 
btäng that which exista between a written esaay and a apeech deli- 
T C te d i t ahould at leaat be remembered that " Paradiae Loat" ia no 
eXBinple of verboaeneaa. 

Tina romanoe miiiiiiii to have reanlted üom apecnladona and inqniriea 
gfoviog out of the Huree Dajra in Faria, and the general State of 
opinioa in Eorope at that time. Bevolutiona were not joat then very 
extramrdinary romancea; nerertheUas, Mr. Jamea being an the actaal 
aeene of the gteat French drama, had opportunitiea of learning the 
motiTea, and even eome of tbe aecret proc^edinga of Tarioua ageata in 
dte giant woA; and hence a train oi apecolation and some historical 
raaeärcb regarding the important point, whether snch insorrections 
an not verj f^nentlj failurea, even when ihey appear to be sno- 
OCTinwi ; wb^her the idianges commonly eSected bj revolntiona, even 
«rtiere tbej^ interfere with dynastiea, anbvert partiea, transpoee factioss, 
and threat«n to alter the Iramework of society, are not, nerertbeless, 
changea matt i^^iarent than reaL 

He remarka;— " Od looking back throughout all hiatoiy, I fotind 
that, in almoat eveiT case, whrä« great movements of the maaaea had 
tak«n plaee, the uhunale resulte were b; no means commenanrate with 
the täm» bnmght into Operation; that institutions ver; ümilor to 
tboae which had bera carried «tray rooe agaio in their place; modified 
it ia tme — but aUghtlj; and that changes of names were more com- 
monly to be found thian changea of things, ae the coneequencee of a 
revolation." This is to aome extent tme, and the reaaona are obviona. 
Tlie great qualitiea of energy, patriotiam, courage, and nnity, in tlie 
aasertion of righte and priril^e, often diaplaTed 1^ a people, are called 
fiirth hj the presaare of grierancea, and tbe iD-working of institn- 
tioiis. With their overthiw and remoral, tbe great efibrt för redresa 
oeaaea; the n^riada wiio e&ct the rerolution are not adequate to the 
ta^ of re-oonatmctioD ; and having with tdla and aacriflces perfonned 
tbeir part of the conqwct, ihej are apt to condode tlie work aocom- 
idiabed, an^to tolerate, in the seaaon of comparative eaae and tran- 
qnilli^, re-erectiona under the name of new erectioDS. 

At all eventa, with reflectioOB on revolntiona in his mind, h« 
tnmed to the striking autgect of the revidt of the people of Ghe&t, 
in the time of the beandful and intereating Marr; and in tbe chronidea 



306 THE CCUSCTED VOUU OF O. F. B. JAXM. 

of flaitdas, amd TCcioiu writera rieh in tbe niaxatrnß cf tibe tiai^ 
hfl fbiBHl iBcidaits sf^äeaüj romaiUic aad atandsat to giv« mv^ 
läoo & hoUdajr. Fiction, howerer, by Mi niMBs deeps through dt» 
Gonne of theae bistorical pages; for ahboagh tbe prindpal i n nd nn t» 
MC nnqaeMioB«bl7 Mtlhentic, inMginntvin supplies not aenlj tbe rieh 
ootoaiüig and tbe conoectii^ scenea, but facta and charactera u A» 
liveBest profiuion. It ie one <^ the mo«t draraatic, vigwooa, and i»- 
mated crf* his nemtiTea^ interesdng «a Ixrth bj perscHu and ereata. 
The Friaeees hersdf ia a noUe reaB^, adraned with all de lordineea (^ 
fimcy; and of tfae charactera porelj JBMginMy, Albert MMtiioe, 1b» 
Chief, stand« out as a figore conceived in a maritfiilj mooU (^ revola- 
tjewuy romance; white everj modification of the eharacter, as it is 
afiectedin ita conrse I17 its own inoate weakneaaes and bT-tbeinflo^Ne 
of ontwtud circumstancea, b marked with Gonsaaunate diaerinkHistien. 
With the political philoaophjr of Ihe hero and the atory, w« hara 
notUn^ to do. The romance has aorr the adrantage of a gnphic b- 



Bot H is the general pra&ce, introdBctwy of the seriee, at whicb wm 
have, in conclueion, to gtance. If Mr. James is herein egotistical, aa be 
BBJ8, all that the better, Tbe ^otism of an Mrthor ia geaeraüj tbe 
gaan of hia raadera, wbo bare no other diance of a pc raoBal meeting 
with bim. There is little, bowero-, of die poraonal ia it. Of etarj, 
ia tbe ordinary acceptation of tbe word, he " haa itaae t« tdl;" tat 
ha afbvda us a pleasant peep or tno into the dim openiag omimsb tt 
bia bOTiah mind, and shewa ns bo« viach «f the pleaaiire doirable &ob 
tbe mny-Gofenred devices of his faocy, and &oni bis inttUectnalardcMtr 
and Penetration, we owe to the larour and eDcooragemeBt ezteaded to 
bis early eeaaya in bteratnre, by two men who will erer be known to 
tbe werid aa eqnalfy aaiiaUe and eminent — Washington Irrii^ and 
Walter SeotL To the latter he once wrote, seading bim a yondfal 
Tolame, inooccnttj asking the great antbor te rMrri U, and prowriaing to 
abide bj his decieieii — be it to write on or desist. Scott read and 
advieed: — Write on! Hence tbis eplendid and proeperoos series of 
romancesi As Sir John was not only wittj bimaelf, bat tbe eaueeof 
wit in otbcrs, ao Sir Waher was not ouly an immense nordist, bat die 
canae of norela. Mr. James will readily forgive na, when wa proftaa 
to be giatcfbl to bis iUuatrious adviser in each of tbe two diaractera. 

Mr. Jamee, however, faroars us witfa aome particulars of hia ba/- 
bood. He was at a large school at Polney, where being reij iAe^ 
tfcough qnicb, Horace and Homer were dtiren into hin with ififficaltj'. 
Bat tbia idlenesa ooold not have been long-lived, for besidea " haej- 
ing that he noderstood Dante," be really did know at fifteen ntore vi 
die nicetiea of the Freach language thän be ia master of aaw. He 
tried Arabic and Fersian, n-constructed papera in tbe " RanUer,* 
(yerj unprofitablj to bimaelf, and perb^ sot adTantageoualj to 
Johnson, ) afterwards dipped deep into religious aaid net^>hjsical oon- 
trovoraie«, and gave attention besides, for some consideraUe period, to 
cotnpamtiTe anatomy. Bat above all, wben a mere child, be seana to 
hav« reliahed with moet ardour and rapture — the " Arabifn Nigbts!" 
No wondcr. May we lire to owe to tum a tlKMtsand and one £nglitb 
kiflita. 

We oloae with tbe dnple roention of a lact wbidi wtU Intereat te 
n*der, while it exalts tbe autbor in hia eataem. Mr. James acquired^ 



THB eeiXBCTID WOBKB OP O. P. B. JAIOB. SOt 

whüe yet in bi^liood, two U>itB whid ke jnettj' 8078 m not Gonmoo 
«ilfa bojK. " One wu to ■■■Ijze tH tay own ■ensitians, and the 
«tber to ■"»—i™' tke remlta of oA» people's condaet, uid ipply tha 
Iwnn to mjweiL" These «■rlj'-fbrmed habits aeem parüf to have led 
U^ n «ftv-Klb to s high Mid stMdiiwt wiue of the gnve reqMosibtti- 
ties of ondionhip, Hid he «nfidcatl^ twUerutlMl he has deiired fron 
thun isaportMit adnntagea. 

We hope, oe long, to aoe Mr. James npoe aoether arcna, tmm 
nora fatingoiehed than that itf literative, where his varied aad 
briHiant talents, kia actire habitB of b ' 
■nre to be Imught fally mto p^r. 



A JAS OF HOI^EY FBOlf UOUNT HTBIA. 

BT LEIGH BDNT. 
HO. X. 



SATaa «timmwl over the general groond of paetond, and reserving 
ita Iat«at äciliaB development for our do«üig nuniber, we retum to 
the point we diTergetl from, in the hietory of the fair ialand, to sea 
what meaanre of bräiey it will best Buil our Blue Jar to eelect for tha 
preaeDL And we can find oone of a more aurpaasing aweetnea^ 
twbid aa it seenu at firat, and as unlike pastoral ae need be, tbon tha 
most Strange, mirthful, aerious, royal, ptebeian, earthlj, heaTealj-, 
•difjia^ and ntoat viciMitudinoua legendtentitled the L^end of King 
Sobert. 

We can find Dothing to eqnal it during the two buodred jean* 
seign of tbe Saracens, who aucceedcd the Greeks and Bomana ; ikm; 
jet during the Morman away, romantic aa the origia of that was, aod 
the work of a handful of gentlemen. Who King Robert, howeTer» 
might bave beeo, in conunon earthlj history, whether intended to 
ahadow forlh one of thoae adventurous Nonnan chieftains, or one of 
the varioua dukea who contend for the honour of being called Bobect 
the Devil, or whether ho was Bobert of Aiyou, hight Robert the 
Wiaet the triend of Petiarch and Bocaodo, and fäther of tbe calom- 
niated Joanna, we muat leave to antiquaries to dctarmine. Suffice to 
say, that in history angeUcal, and in the depths of one of tbe verj 
flnest kinda of tmüi, he was King Bobert of Sivily, brother of Pope 
Urban, and of the Elmperor Vaiemimd, A like atory haa been told of 
the £mperor Jovinian (whoever that prince might have been,— 
doubtleaa aoiaebody elae) ; and we ahall not dispute that something of 
tbe Itip^ may have occurred to bim also, eince veiy stränge things 
li^>pea to the most haughty of princes, if we did but know th^ 
«hole live« ; not excepting their being taken for fools by their own 
people, or meeting a rebuke, howevcr rare, from an angel. We ahall 
«vail ounelTes of any ligbt wliieh cithe^ 1^ these Uatonea of king aod 
emperor may throw on the otber. 



SOS A JAB Or HOHBT' FBOM MOUHT HnSLA. 

WiiterB, then, inform db, diat Sing Bobert of Sicily, brothv ot 
Pope ITrbiui and of the Emperor Valemond, was a prince of great 
valoiir utd renown, bat of a temper so proad and impatient, tbat he 
did not like to bend hü knee to Heaven ittelf, bot wonld mt twiriing 
bis beard, and locAing witb Hmetbing wone than indifferenoe roond 
abont bim, doring äie gisTest aerrices of tbe cburch. 

One day, vhile be was present at vespers on tbe eve o£ St. John, 
bis attention was excited to soine words in the Mflgntfi<Mt, in oonie- 
qnenoe of a sndden dropping of the chorieten' vcüces. The woida wen 
Äese : " Depotnü poU^et dt tede, et exaÜavU hnmiht." (He hath put 
down the migh^ irom tbeir aeat, and hath exalted tiie hianlde.) 
Being for too great and worlike s prince to know anytbing of Latin, 
be a£ed a chaplain near him the meaning of tbese words ; and häng 
told what it was, obeerved, tbat sncb expresnons were no bett« tbu 
an old Bong, Hince men like himself were not so eaaily pulled dowD, 
mucb lesa anpplanted hj poor creatures wbom people called " bomUe. 

Tbe chaplain, doubtieas out of pure aatoniahment and borror, mide 
HO repl^ ; and hie tnajestj, partl; from the heat of the weatber, ud 
partly to relieve himself irian the rest of the Service, feil aaleep. 

AÄer some lapse of time, tbe rojal " ntter in the seat of die 
Bcomful,'' owing, as he thought, ta the sound of the organ, bnt in reaütf 
to a great droniog äj in bis ear, woke up in more tlün bis nsnal State 
of itnpatience ; and he Was preparing to vent it, when, to bis astonuh' 
ment, he perceived tbe cburch emptj'. "Every soul was gone, excqit- 
ing a deaf old woman wbo was tuming up tbe cushions. Be addictted 
her to no purpose : he spoke londer and louder, and was prooeediog 
as well as rage and amaze wonld let him, to try tf he could walk oui 
of the charch without a dozen lords before him, when, euddenlr catcb- 
ing a eigfat of bis face, the old woman uttered a tsrj of " Thierear' 
and shnffled awaj, first doBing the door bebind her. 

King Bobert looked at the door in silence, then round abont him st 
the empt^ church, then at himself. His doak of ermine was gpoe. 
The Coronet waa taken from hia cap. The verfjewels from bis fingers. 
"Tbieves, verily!" thought the king, turning white, for shame toi 
rage. " Here is conspiracj — rebelUon ! Thia ia that sonctified tiaitor, 
the duke. Horsea ahall teor them all to pieces. What bo, tbere! 
Open tbe door for the king! " 

" For the conatable, jou mean," aaid a voice, througb tbe k^ole. 
" Tou'ro a pretty fellow!" 

Tbe king süd nothing. 

" Thinking to escape, in the king's nsme," sidd the Toic^ " t^ 
biding to plimdcr hia doset. "WeVe got yon." 

Still the hing said nothing. 

The sexton could not refrain from onother jibc at bis prisoner; 

" / see you, there," said he — " by the big lamp, grinning like a rsl 
in a trap. How do yon like your bacou? " 

Now, wbether King Robert was of the blood of tbat Konnan chi^ 
wbo fdied bis enemy's horae with a Mow at bis fist, we know not; b"* 
certain it is, that the only answer he made the sexton was by dashing 
bis enormona foot against the door, and bursting it open in his teeth. 
The sezton, wbo fdt aa if a houae had giren him a blow in the lac^ 
ftinted away; and the king, as &r aa bis aenae of digsilj allowed bim, 
horried to Üs palace, whidi was dose by. 



A JAS or BOKST FBOII MOUBT HTBLA. 309 

" Wdl," udd the pOTter, " what do j/ou vant? " 

"Stand säde, fellow!" ronred the king, pnihing bock the door, 
with the Hme giguitic foot. 

" Go to the deviir aaid the porter, who was a stont fellov too, end 
pnshed the klug liAck before he ezpected reoistasce. The king, facnr- 
«rer, wu too mncb for him. He &Ued him to the ground; ud half 
Mrode, half nuhed into the palace, fbllowed hj the exa^>erated janitor. 

" Seite him," cried the porter. 

"On Tonr ÜTes," ciied the king. " Loc^ at me, fellow: — who 
aml?" 

" A mad beast and foolj that's what you are," cried the porter; 
" and you're a deadman, for Coming drunk into the palace, and hittlDg 
the king's Berrants. Hold him fast." 

In came the guards, with an officer at their head, who waa going to 
vitit hiB miatress, and had been dresnng hia coris at a looking-gla«. 
He had the looking-glasa in his hand. 

" Captain FrancaviUa," said the king, " ia the world nm mad? or 
what is it? Do ;our rebela pretend not eren to know me. 60 b«fbre 
m^ KT, to mj rooms." And aa he ipake, the king diook off his 
aaaailaate, as a lion does cura, and moved onwarda. 

Captain Fnutcarilla put his flngor gently before the king to stop 
him; and then lotdüng witfa a tort of staring indifference in his face, 
Said, in a Tery mild tone, " Some madman." 

King Robert tore the looking-glasa from the captain's hand, and 
looked himaelf in the face. /( toat not hit ovm/aee. It was another 
mao's face, vcry hot and vulgär; and had aomething in it at once 
melancholj and ridicaloos. 

" Bj thia living 60dl" exclaimed Robert, " here is witchcrafti I 
am changed." And, for the first time in hia life, a Sensation of fear 
came npon him, but nothing so great aa the rage and fuiy that re- 
mained. AU the world beliered in witchcraft, aa well as King Robert; 
bot thejr had etiU more oertain proofs of the existence of dnuikemiesa 
and madoeas; and tbe king's honsehold had aeen the king come forth 
front diurdi aa nsnal, and were readj to aplit their sides for lauster 
at tbe figment of this raring impoetor, pretending to be King Robert 



" Bring him in — bring him inl " now exclaimed other voices, tbe 
news having got to the rqjal qnrtmentB ; " the king wonts to see 

King Robert was brongfat in; and there, smidst roara of langhter 
(for courta were not quite such well-bred places tbcn as they are now), 
iie fonnd himaelf face to face mtb another Kmg Robert, aeated on hia 
throne, and as like hia fonner seif as he himaelf waa nnUke, but with 
man dignity. 

"Hideona impostor!" exclaimed Robert, mshing fbrward to teor 
him down. 

The conit, at the word " hideona," roared witfa graater langhter 
thm befon; for tbe king, in qrite of his pride, was at all timea a 
haadaome man; and tbere waa a strong feeling at preaent that he had 
never in bis life iookei ao welL 

Robert, when half way to the throne, feit aa if a palsy bad atmck 
him. He atopped, and easayed to vent his rage, bnt conld not ■pok. 

Tbe fignie on the throne looked him steadily in the &ß9. Aobert 



310 A JAB 

thoDgfat it WBS ft wizvd, bnt hated fär more tlum he fta^idliiiB, färbe 
wMof great comvg«. 

It was an angel. 

Bot Che ai^el wm not going to disclose himBelf jti, bot Cor ■ long 
time. Ueanwhile, he bduTsd, ob die oocuüm, Tay raad like « aa^; 
we meao, like a mui of ordinaiy ieeUi^B and resstfineiit^ tfaoogh still 
mixed vith a dignitf be70Dd what bad beea befoie ohwäned in die 
Sicilian monarcb. Some of the coniliera atttftnted it to a wvt of 
K^al iustinct of «ostraat, excited by Üie daima of tbe tnipostsr; bot 
otfaers (by tbe aagel'B contrivance) h&d seen him, as he canie ont ii 
the choEch, halt Baddealj, with an abaahed and dtered Tinge, bejbn 
the ahrine of St. Thomas, aa if Bapenutturallj sbiui with eome viata* 
tion from Heaven for his pride and anbeUe£ The mmoBr flew mboai 
so the instaot, and th oon&med, by an order giroi £com ihe thranci 
the moment t^e aagel seated himflelf npon it, ibr a gift of Utboto 
unhäard-of amonnt to the ahrine haetL 

" Since thon jutt r^al-mad," said Üie aew BOTereigi^ " rad in tnith 
• veiy ktng of idiots, dion ebalt be crowoed md Boepüred witli a of 
mtd baable, and be niy fooL" 

Robert was still tongoe-tied. He laried in tum to q>eak — «e rut 
«vt hia di^ost md defianoe; and half nad, indeed, with the uaim^tj, 
pcünted, with his qn^ering finger, to the inaide of hie mooth, aa if ta 
apology to the beholdera &r not -doii^ h. Fredi ahouta «f Uag^Har 
Mde bis bnin aeem to reeJ witbin hön. 

" Fetoh the cap and baMUe," aüd tiie sovereögn, " and let the Eiag 
«f Fools have his ooronatien." 

Bobert feit that he muet Bubmit to what he thoi:Q;fat the power of 
the deril ; and began to faave glimpeea of a real tbongh besitatiiig aense 
of the adnntage of serairing friöidafaip ob tbe side of HearoL Btf 
Tage and iudignatioD were nppennoet; and while the attoidantB wo« 
sharing bis head, fizing tbe cap, and jeeringly digsifTing him unA 
the hauUe-acqiUie, he wm racking his farains for Behemefl of Tengeanee. 
What exaspented him noat of all, oext to the ahaving, was to cbaem, 
«bat thoae wbo had dattered him most wfaen a kiag, were tfie kiadeat 
in their cootonpt, now that he was the eour^^any. One pon^moa 
lord in particulor, with a high and ridiculous voice, which contiBDed 
to laugh wben all tbe rest bwd done, and produoed freA peala bf tbe 
oontinuamoe, was so exceaedvely proToking, that Bobwt, wbo (ät im 
vocal and muecular powera restored to him as if for the occaaioa, e —M 
not help Aftking bis fist at the griiming slsve, and dyiag «td, " llion 
beaat, Terranevar which, in all but tbe pereon so addresaed, «nly pn- 
duced additional merriBtent. At length, the king ordered the fecd to 
he takea away, m order M> snp with the dogs. Bobert wag atupiSed ; 
but he found hitnself hungiy against his will, and guawed the bones 
«hieb had b«en cbnt^ed any b;^ bis noblcB. 

The proud King Robert of Sicily lived in this way for two ytaa, 
■IwayB ragiBg in his miad, idwdya soQen in bis nunnera, od an^eet«d 
to every iad^^ty that bis quandam favoBrites could heap ob him, 
inthout the power to reaent &. For the new monarcb seemed bi^mC 
to bim only. He bad all the humiliatioae, wühoBt asy of the priri- 
legea, of the c^» Mid bells, ndwaa tbe dielest fealererheai^ot AQ 
the DOtJoe the king took of bin, oonaBted in his askisg^ now and 
tho^ in fall cwrt, when neryttaii^ ma akat, " Well, fod, ait tiiou 



A JAK Or HONSY rHOK KOCKT KTBLA. 311 

«tili a kiag?" Bobert, for Mine w«^i, londlj anawered tJuU he was; 
bat, finding that the «nswer was but a signal for % hmt of langhtcr, 
ooDvorted bii speech into the silent dignitf of a faangbt]' aod royal 
attitiide ; tili, obaerving that the Uagbtö- waa greatw at this dtmb 
abaw, he iagt^onalj adopted a inannw wUch expressed neither 
defianoe nor acquieaeeace, aad tke aagtl for SMoe time let hin aloBe, 

Ueantinifl^ evetybody but tb« uahappj Bobert bleeoed the new, er, 
u they supposed him, tbe altoed king : for «veryüäng in the node «f 
gOTemmeBl: was t^at^ed. Taxes were light; the pocr bad pitmtji 
woik was reaaonable; tbe nobles theBuc^Tes were expected to woik 
after tbeir taatüon — fa> sttidy, to watcfa sealouslrarer the iatereats of tfaeir 
tenaots, to t»v^ tad bring beoe new bo(^ and inaocent lnxBries. 
Half die day througbout Sicily was giTen to indusby, and half to 
IwaltbT and inteliectual ^oynrat ; and tbe inhabhants became at 
onoe tbe naoliest and tenderest, the gasest «mI ncot stodiaiu p«ople 
in the worU. Wbwever the kiag weat, be was kaded with beaeÄn- 
tioQB; and tbe fool beard them, aod b^an te wonder tekat tke devU 
tbe deril bad to do with iqipearaDces ao exävordinary. And thna^ for 
the Space of time we bave mMitioned, be Uved wonderiug, and SDlka, 
•nd hating, aod bated, aod dsapiaed. 

At tbe expiratioa of tbese two years, er oeaHr ao, the kiog aga- 
novticed hia intcmüoa of paying a viait to kia brother tbe pope and bis 
brotber tbe eiopertff, the latter agreeing to eome to Borne for the pnr- 
poae. "B» went acoordiBgtj with a great b«n, olad in the most mag- 
uifloent garments, all bat the fbol, wbo was airayed in fox-tail^ and 
pst aide by side with an ape, dressed like bimadfi Hie people poored 
ont of tbeir bouaes, and fielda, and vintTards, «11 etraggling to gel a 
■ight of Üit king's face, aad to blesi it, tke ladies strewing flowen, 
aad tbe peaaants' wives holding np their rosy childrea, wbich laat ngbt 
aeemed particidarl; to delight the sorereign. Ibe fool, bewildered, 
cane after the oourt-pages, bj the side of bis ape, exciti]^ eboutB <^ 
laoghter, and, in Bome boeoms, not a little astonishotent, to tlünk faow 
a monarcb la kind and considerate to all tbe re>t of the world, sboald 
be io bard upon'^ aorry fo<^ But it was told them, that this fool was 
tbe most perretae aod üuoleBt <£ men towards tbe prinoe bimself ; and 
tben, altbougb their w(»der hardly ceased, it was Aill of indignatiaQ 
againat the unbappy wretch, and he waa loaded with every kind of 
acom and abuae. The proud Xii^ Bobert aeemed the onlj Uot and 
diagrace ipon the idand. 

Tbe fo(j bad still a bope, that wben bis bolineae the pope aaw him, 
tbe magidan'a arts would be at an end ; for thougb be bad had no 
leiigion at all, pnqierlj speakiog, be had retained something evea of a 
•uperstitious faith in tbe highest worldlj form of it. Tbe good p<9)e, 
however, bebeld him without the teaet reoognition ; so did the 
empen» ; and wben he saw them both gaaiag witb nnfeigned admira- 
tion at the exalted beaut; of bis former altered aelf, and not witb tbe 
«)d faoee of^retended good-will and eecret dialike, a seiue of awe and 
luimilitf , for tbe firat time, feil gently opoo htm. Instead of gettiag 
■• iar as possible from bis cempasion the ape, he aniroached bim 
cloeer and closer, partlj that he might abroud himself under the veiy 
abadow of bis inaignificance, partly irom a feeling of absolute aympathy, 
and a deaire to poaaeaa, if not one friend in the world, at least one 
»Baoriate wbo was not an eaemj. 



THE BEBELS : A TALE OF EMMETT'S DATS. 

BT HKS. WHITE. 
PABT I.— ^THI COCSIXB. 

Upon « tnrigbt and flunny moming in the early part of the sammer of 
1803, an immense fnnenl procesnon might be baced winding irom 
tbfl BathCamfaam road, through Bome of the principal streeta of Dublin, 
orer Euex-bridge, and bo on towards Clontarf. The Telvet trappinga 
of the boraea, the heary plumes tbat decorated their heada and caoopied 
the heane, together with the number of mouming and other carriage« 
that foUowed, bespoke the deceased ladj to have been one of the higher 
mnk at life, wbile the mnititnde of pedestriana that lengtbened the pro- 
ceeaion OBtenaiblj evinced the respect in whicb ahe had been faeld. 

Rodel; attired horsemen, bestriding steeds as roogh aod wild 
looldiig aa if newly taken from the Kerry mountaias, foltowed the 
coaches; and the» came an indiscriminate throng of meu and vomea 
dad ia the blne-caped coat, or hooded doak of the countiy — the latter 
dmm over the head, and beld down, giving, when aeen in the masa, a 
moat sombre effect; but when occasionally tbrown side-waja off the 
dear mddj cheek of eome joung coUen, bestowing no little piqnanc; 
to the rogniah glance of a dük Uileaian eye, that migbt here and 
tbere be leen coquettishty peeping from ander then^ 

There was no "keening," aa the funeral cry ia technically called ia 
Irdand; bnt now and then the women woiild break off from goesip 
and laughter to dap their hands, and move their heads trvta. lada to 
aide with the pecnliär action of grief. The occupanta of the coach, 
wbo in ri^t of oonaanguini^ followed at the heod of the corpse, wen 
fbar yooog men— the two aona of the deceased, and two nephews, the 
düUreo of her sisteri bnt although thus nearly connected, it was easy 
to obaerre tliat on the jmmt occaäon bot little kindred feeling 
existed between tbem. A gloomy silence that might have pasaed for 
the tadtumity of grief, but for the auUenneas that daikened the conn- 
tenaaoes of the two eider couains, had continued onbroken tbrongfaont 
their melandioly jonmey. When croeüng the bridge, howerer, that 
leade orer the canal, the narrowness of the road occaaioned a temporary 
delaj, and amcnigBt the crowd a sbrill voice was heard exclaiming— 

" Who« am 1— «t all, at all, good people? Och! I believe Fm on 
God'i earth on a hilL Will nobody t^e me out of this— 4he eyes are 
dim widme?" 

" 1^ 00 the bridge yo« arf, Ana^! Gire na a grip of your band 
btSon tbe berryin' 11 be done on yef" answered a woman, who made 
one amidat the crowd. 

** Take me out o' thii^ for the lora of Godl" ahe continned, in the 
iame nasal whine witb which she was in the habit of lolidtii^ the 
diarity of the passers-by— " take me ont o' this, for the love of God, 
Kdly OrriganI I'm kilt entirely wid tlie hott, and tke druthl" 

" Is it to lose the burrin' i" inqnired her fnend, in a tone of nmütf 
Import to the modeiA— " Don't yon wiab yoa m^ get it?" 

TOL. Tt T 



. TALB or ■mmbtt's dayb. 315 

: ;c, 13 the nildii^ of % fine man," miA HeHj, 
•■ ihe youi^er t£ the two aou; "bß is the dead 

i-n't, hc floon will bc," repbed cid AMty, wUh b 

" ilark wit of her HiggeetiuI^ which appeaied not to 

. ,' lii^r companioK, who co^nned — ■ 

■ )•; tliere isn't tm iniih betwees hianelf an' ttie jvanf 

■ lor aU that, he'i bat a goeaooi. I aever «eeo tatj one 

' '(iii-'k; 'taa only Ae cther d^ since I oaed to lee him with 

_v<>iinr> boya fishing of a summer's evening in the Dodder; 

. tili I brär äie peopla aiy they war the brothen, I didn't 

• ii IlH jc a gretter miride," nid Adj^, her jailow, withered 
<il^I•>rte(I to more than its natml npulBrenew, bf her fearfol 
u; ' he will grow aore betweea Üü an' to-srnrow wf^t, than he 
I .11 ^117 twelve nwDdu of bis fife." 

V'. you'rc a queer Trwa«; vhat mewüng harre ye, at ril — at all?" 
.j I Ni-Uy, with ■ Tfry peroc^ble shircx. 

J'i^ what Tb ■i>n"&'' ■■■^ ^^^ Asat^; " ait down, tili well hav' 
.. liiifHeof the Cards, an' FU teH yoa tbe fiarüume of them fonr." 
- (iod be good to nar exdainittd Kellj, in real horror; "ia it in 
■ fticu of the corpse, and before all dte peofde, yoa'd enlice mel" 
" Dtivil a nmch the corpm 'ill ntind ua," retamed the old womitn ; 
" nnd für thent tfast'a feHowug her, not me of 'em but 'od run a mite 
to hear what Fll t«M yon now." 

" I'm oWiged to you all the eame," rejoined Nelly Orrigan; " bnt I 
intlnd to foUow the fameraL" And die endeavonred to diaentangte 
heraelf &mi the graif) the ancicnt sybil retained of her ck>ak. 

" Time enough," retamed the Wter; " don't yon aee aometfaing haa 

eroaeed Ae beiirae, nore lock to it, an' tfaey're oUiged to wait this 

way. Sit down awfaile, it 'Hl be asy för you to pick np wid 'em again." 

Afiaid of oftndiDg bar oompaaion, KeUy relnctactly yidded to 

bor ill lack, and once tnore iet down heaide hier. 

" Aa I was going to teil yoK," oontinued Ansty, eoiaing doaer than 
ever to her rictim; " the yonngeat of thetn two f<K«Dent me, will come 
tbii jonrney again tbia day wedj bnt if it ia, he'U be the length of 
hinngJf before himadJ^ all the way.' 

" Blesfcd bour! ia it a oofpae hell be?" asked Nelly, breatUesEly. 
*■ Ab mre aa I haT* a beÄd on me," aaid the otlier, bringing her 
cadaverona ^daage ioto etarding praximity to Nelly'a. 

" Ite CKMM of Chriat betwecn us an' alt harml" exclaimed Nelly, 
deTontly cnMäog heraelf. "But 'da yon are the wondtherful woman, 
Anaty Connelly! Ia it hia fetch yon've aeen?" 

" That'a neither Iterc nor tbere," «nswered Aaaty, myaterionaly; 
"b^ere me or beliere me not, tili yon aee ii. oome to ptsa. Bat 
here'g another thing I hav' to tcU you, the corpse hav' but a amall 
Aare in bringing ^ these togcther. I see men from all countiea, 
neither frienda nor IbQowera— what ia jt bronght theu to Ihe burria', 
doyeUunk?" 

"Tia yoaraelf knowa best, Ansty," related her now thoroughly 
frightened companion, " I tbought they were tinent!', or peoplc tike 
myaelf that had a reapect f« her." 

" Look at that nun upoo the rongh ponj Hut hav' hii bat puUed 
t2 



316 THE BBBBLS: 

down over bis face, and the great coat upon him; eee, he keeps op 
to the aide of die camsge that the yoxmg nütsther ia in. Do ye knov 
who that is?" 

" Not the laste in the worldt" 

" Wliigper!" continued the mendicant, approaching her head to the 
other'e, " that is Mr. Bobert Emmett l Now, do ye guess wlut'B 
bringing them togelher?" 

"Och! he'a sold — he's lost!" exdaimed Nellj, leaping fnnn tbe 
nound; "one of them in the car blongs to the Castle sogers — Ur. 
Douglass Hewitt." 

"Uould ye'r whist, ^e omadhaun!" intermpted Anst^, dragging 
her again to her eide, " unlesa ]rou'd give him up to them yomsdl, 
will ye be quieL His friends don't know him there, ao 'tis luml if tbe 
Castle people would find him out [" 

" Och! a jeul bnt these are the bad times," said Kelly, lamentingljv 
" when two in a hoose wont be of the same heart and mindi and the 
one blood itaelf 'ill belong to diSerent factions." 

"Wfütawhile; why wait awhile?" aaid Ans^, raising heraelf <ki 
her crutch; "before that coipse is well under the ground, youll know 
the truth of what yoa're aaying." And with this assurance the dd 
wnman took lesve of her gossip, and tuming down a narrow lane at 
tho bock of the shed, disappeared. 

" Faith, au' it's you're the dthroll womon, Ansty Connellj!" iont< 
tered Nellj, also rising. " Devil welcome you here, aaj yray. I de- 
dare the heart in me is as low as a canroge's kidney,* lutening to tbe 
queer talk you had." 

So saying, Nelly shook the dast from her cloak, and again taok her 
place amoDg the crowd, pondering orer all that the b^gar-woman had 
precUcted, and determining to see the end of the aSäir. 

For the first foui months of tbe infatuated Emmett'a attempts to 
organize a rebellion in Ireland, goreriunent continned perfectly Igno- 
rant of tbe danger with which it was menaced; but afier that perioc^ 
rumours of bis proceedinga reacbed the authorities, althoogh no means 
were taken to frnstrate them, either from an idea that it was in itself 
too unimportant to be mnch regarded; or, in the cmel policy of the 
times, to altow time fbr its fntl development, in order to entrap a 
greater number of victims, and thus insure more sign&l Tengeance 
than a trifliog execntion of two or three individnals. 

Deeply imbued with the visionaiy and romantic projecU which tba 
unfortunate Emmett so wildly followed out, yoong, ardent, and impe- 
tuous, the names that still scatter a sad radiance over the othenrise 
ilark. page that is charactered with the rebellion of "98 had for maoy 
an enthusiastic son of " Old Trinity" a meretricious glare, that, itpti*- 
/aAJtcs-like, glowed only to destroy. And for none more fatally 
tban for young Perring I Scboolfellows, and afterwards brother-ctrf- 

* A blaek crMpiag iniect, somMbiiig like th« beetle, vtrj mnch deteited by Üw 
lower Order of Irüfa, wha have a legcno, that on the Smulaj od wbieb oor Savioiir 

gncked the etn of com, lofae Jewi pnmed biia, and comiog np to one of hä 
Hoven, deminded which «aj he faad gute. The düciple iHecüd igoorance, 
wben ODC of these inieeti, imti^led no doabt b; tba dCTil, exelumed, " Thron^ 
the fitlds I— thningh the fleldi 1" And to tbii day it u cot Qnfreqaent lo obcem 
tbe lawerorder ofcatholict kitliog them, all the wbile exclaimiag, " StTen deadly 
•im off mj KHil I — eeTm deadlj uoi off mj lonl 1" wbicb thej- äbniatelj beliert 
are remitted oo tbe deitmotion tf one of thow Judat'* ioKct*. 



A TAU OT BHHUTT'e DATS. 317 

legiuu, their imeginations hftd taken the aazae view of tbe political 
State of their country, and faad amved at the same ftJse conclusion as 
to the meaiu of amending it. But titere «rb " method " in Fening;'e 
*' nudneae;" and upon leaving Alma Mater, baving a large and inde- 
pendent fortune at hia oommand, he detennined to travel; and taking 
advantage of the peace between England and France in 1801, he con- 
tinued on the Continent tili the death of his mother, and the derelop- 
ment of his friend'a prqjects reqnired his retarn. 

Doubtless in the tocdety of manj pf the self-exiled or ontlawed 
memben of the canse in "98, and in a countiy where the crnude 
■«inst monarchy woa still at its height, tbe revolutionär^ principles 
of the Toung man faad received no diecouragement. On the contrary, 
it ia natural to believe that his intentions in visiting France had been 
to methodize a scheine for the redemption of bis ceuntry from the 
E^gUah joke, which the impatience and rashnese of the enthvsiastic 
Enunett so completely overthrew. 

AJthoagh sonie portion of Anaty Connellj's remarks bod been over- 
heard hj the party in the coach, no comment had been made upon them, 
and the ailence remained uninterrupted, except bj tbe heavy, half 
atrangled sobs of the jounger son, as tbey approached the closing scene 
of hie earthlj portion in a mother. Douglas Hewitt, the eider of the 
oonsins, who held a commissioa in a regiment at that time on dutj at 
the Castle, and who, but for his aunt*! death, was about to exchüige 
the rdatian of nephew for that of Bon-in-law, also seemed much 
afibcted, either from sjmpathy to the evident affliction of hia relative, 
or from personal tfiection to ihe deceased. But her first born, Hagb, 
though lus brow looked more tban usoally pale, and the dark and glossy 
hair that in his bofhood she so loved to part upon it, had lost ita 
criapness, and hung dovn in lank masses, maintained an unmoved 
countenance, aa if he had no concem in the sad ceremony in which he 
took part 

At length, the cavalcade stopped : the last duties were completed. 
Hugb Perrmg stood at the h«id of his mother's coffln, and saw it 
deposited in the vault of his ancestore with the same apparent apatby 
that he had exhibited on their joumey; but insteod of retuming home, 
to enterten the friends and followera of bis family, who had come 
from distant counties to pay this last mark of respect to bis parent, 
he ceremonionsly infonned his consin Douglas that, in order to spare 
his sister's feeliags, airangements had been made to entcrtain them at 
an inn, and coldly reqnesled his presence. Douglas, howcver, pleaded 
duty; and throwing off the trappings of a moumer, mounted his horse 
which bis groom had brougbt for him, and before retuming to the 
Castle, mtngled tears with his orphan cousin at Rathfamham. His 
brotber, bowever, remained, but his presence occasioned no drawback 
to the plana of the eider Ferring. 

The wine drcuUted freoly; and while the " qnality" feasted up 
sbdrs, care was taken for the ocnnforta ofth^humbler partes below; 
whisky-punch, and the oath of the " United Triehmen" were eqnally 
adnünistered, and both as readQy accepted, for, in a word, though 
ostensibly met out of respect for the dead, the faneral had been made 
mibservient to things of eren more nielancholy import than the taying 
of a lifeleas corpse in Ihe earth. 

Uembers wer« clectcd, plana conoocted, rebdlious toasts pledged 



A TALE (W SKKETT^ DATB. $19 

Us rag« lo liim, a fmions Btrvggle enaaed : klsws mm fjna md re> 
tnrnedt koA whBe ^wiham, dnminf Us Bword, nude a despeni» 
ftnutatbisratiVOUBt, tlwother^mg aöd«, and daahed him agai M t 
■ faMT7 pt«ce of Amitnre. Hn head Struck Ticdeatij agsiBBt Ae 
dMirpoantcToftiMKdeboard, and ke nerer raee ^gain. 

^M faeKTj &U — Ae oae deep gnan—and tbe Bnddm, awM bUcdc« 
ibmt Rieeeeded, aobend «t onee eretj mdkr ib Ih« nmu; and tJM 
ftantie ieapür ül bis anwitthig mmderer waa omlj leas terribte flun 
tiie atam, taaikaa, m wap ro arfung eBeaee of Ae dder brvdier. Bf and 
bjr, whoB » au rgeop, wlm liad becn taUei m, pronoonced t&at lift was 
irnaorfliably fled, Hogk Piuring confraated his OBfiwtiinate h«»«m", 
Btd staraly bads him bogoBei 

" Ihaäi," be aaid, " mmy be mnteBted with two of mj finaüj widi- 
fai Bo riiort a period of eadl other; bot beware, air, how yon erora mj 
p«tk Bgahi, or I maj jet nu^ jon anaweraUe for nj bn^ier's Uead." 

" Do not delaj toot Tengeance, Hngh," «xdaim«d yvaag GanUf 
ho a r ad y. '^ H]r lin ü of Httle tbIbc to tne now.'' 

"Eaongti of oor Uood has been apOt fbr tha [»caent," retnnwd 
Hngfa, bittertT-; *■ thoogti, I donbt not, it «ofdd be all tbe better for 
joar brother's designs if I coold be pot aaide as well aa äfdeabaH.* 

**G«irtleiiwn!" said Gerald, appealiag to Ae otben, "bearwitness 
Ihr me, that it waa in mv conaiii Hagh'i deftnee I carae betwven 
Um, 8Bd ' 

"Oo, air!* iaterrapted Perring, fnrioadj-. "Go, befare I fxget 
joa are nvf gneat, and rid wtyadt of 70a as I woold sf s venemona 
Jeptite." 

Goadfld hy tbis insidt, Gerald'a band dendied instmetrrdy, aa S 
he faad gn^ted a weapon; bot kia tjt fdl on tbe nptnmed, rigid 
featufea at Üa dead cousin, and bis ai^er niak before tbeir roiceksB 



THE GIFSIE? TBAGEDT. 

A TALE OF WKLBB HAMLET HI8T0RT. 



f AET IL— «ETBIBCTIOE. 

The londiest ontcaat of aa otitcaat tribe, Ljdia Coonbe was agaia, 
•fter a diamal inteml of bfsterical fmäy, to be aeen banntiiig tha 
Tale of Cotfaef aioiu, and after a fiirtfaer intarral, titongh heart-btcften 
in lo6k and geature, not alonel To knthe lifey and eartb, and aky — ^to 
hngniih fbr tbe bleaaing of death, eres etenuü deadi, if briii|^ng for^ 
getfidneas— «och was her Artt impube; tbe next, tha fiercer ymniiBg 
pia, was fbr ooe human beiu, bot oni^ to teO bow abe loatbed Htt, 
■nd eartb, and heaven, and beraelf! And one did tirt — one of ber 
own tribe, to wbon die might tmload tbat hesTj beart— ehe conM 
turn with a elum for aympaA;— he tar wbom ue had becone that 
•df-hating pmitentl A worldlj stster, not feding half tke sist«r> 
lore wbiä tonnented this poor onteaat, wonld bare riironk with 
homr from tha man wboae crime had prored Üiat brotbeKa ntln and 
death. Bot onr onworldlj anfferer writhed benesth snch in agroy 



^0 THE GDSBS TRAOEmT. 

of reoMrae w aJknred no altenurtiT6 bnt comfort or dbatb. For the 
laf^ the timiditj of her sex and natore still drew her back trom the 
tempdng podi, withbeld her hand when half nerved for retribotioa 
OD henelf ; and for the fumer, where could ahe eeek it? Wbere 
bnt OD the bosom of nie mare guiltj than Iieraelfl Peihaps ilie 
mott tral; pitiable of the world'a r^ected and coudenuied woold 
be fonitd amoag thoee frora wbom that world is most unanimom 
ia wUhbcUmg ila pitj, coold the occnlt springH of human actioa be 
laidbare tomanaa theT-lienaked to God and angele, if aogels partake 
of «nniscieBce. Poetiy might exhauat its UlustrationA on such a topk. 

Sbonld an eager hand be eqiied in the midst of aome deep, glaicr 
pool, beantifal with aqnatic Bununer'flowers, anatching eagerij it 
a water-lilj, wanng with the little waveB, a child, or anj unreflectiiig 
person cm the tnink wonld imagine that hand's trembling to be fron 
eageraewi ita action, the plejrful Impulse of one so happy aa to di^nrt 
faimaelf with a water-flower. But a tbinking Creatore would kno« that 
actioa to be the forlom hope— the instincÜTe desperation of a man 
drowniDg; clutching that feeble plant because bis borsting boaom 
is fuU of that drrädful water which smiles so bluel; elhereal t» 
the gazer, because be is bitnself in tfae clutch of death. Uobappj 
child of fatal circumstance and powerful passion— gipsj hen»ne öf 
that sad tale which has given to ruatic fame one, at least, of onr 
uoknown Tales — might not such an image ^ply to thee^ and tbj 
unnatural-seeming extenaion of those joung arms to Üie viUain 
Zepbaniab? More allied to deapair tban pasuon, at least, doubtleu^ 
was the spirit in which that forlomest of the world's wanderen did 
at last consent to become the wife of him whose preservation wai to 
her brother death I True it was, that aome fortitude — a&j, some virtne, 
was roquiatte in the act of self-devotion he ougkt to have performed, 
and made her believe that he designed to perform. To die for anotber, 
Oven where demanded bf justice, is a atupendoua human eSbrt. His 
Touth and hie beauty pleaded for him. His reluctance to ezchange a 
happjr bridal-tent with her for the horrid gibbet-cage with tbe birds of 
pre; was at least a natural reluctance. The whisperings of vanitj 
in joung beauty, which could not but ^tprove that reluctance, were 
th^not also natural? 

Tbe tribe to which Zephaniah belonged, after a time, pitched tbeir 
tents in tfae vale of Cothey. Force of habit, and now the melancjiolf 
wildnesi of her mind,- that could less tfaan ever tolerate tbe reatrictkms 
of onliaary civil life, induced Lydia to r^ect all ofiers of the houae- 
wires round of nigbt-sbelter and more social life. She preferred a 
lonely t«nt, apart from tbe encampmeut, where she might sit at the 
mouth, in midnight, talk to spirits that she fanded murmming the 
name of Gilbert, by the river-pools, and in the rock-cavems. Ibe 
Boono of the crime for which be su&ered was not distant — only severed 
by a mountain, througb a bwlch or gorge of which, known but to tbe 
nativo dwellers, a chasm-like way led*to the spot — and to her 
brotber's gibbet, there erectedl Döring her long, resolute rcjection 
of Zepbaniali'a overtures of renewed love, the wretdied girl had some- 
liiues crept alone through all tbis blind and brambled paas by moon- 
li^ht) evcii to where it opened on the little rushy moorish piain sur- 
TiHinded by mountains, whose ruaset monotony of treeless morasa was 
tm)/ bnikttD by one uprigbt objecl— tbe gibbet and its pendent cage. 



THE OmiBS' TBAOEDY. 321 

Far diffbrent from that dan, meloodiolj acene, wrb the ralley whera 
•he pasaed the nigbt, not long previona to her ill-omened marriage — 
tiie richly-vooded Cothey, witlk ite greensward rirer border, where 
her tent gleamed white in the moon reflected in the still water, its 
whole conrae walled in from the worhl, aa it aeemed, bj its mossy, 
Wiwded, and atnpendons wall of craga. A waterfall, with its sheeted 
iälrer, high above, amoothlj rolling over its ledge, and its ceasfOeia 
thtindn below, added solenmity to the deep loneliuess of the nook in 
wfaich the litde aeparated tent, with ita fire-embera not quite extinct, 
l^peared. Doubtleas, her tbonghts that night were with the dead, Jar 
jnore tban with the liring. The guilty lover had respected her grief, 
«wed by her dctennined derotion of a long period to mourning, and 
bence won on her regard. Then the extraordioary reaemblanc« he 
bore to her brother, which had proved so fatal, served to rivet bw 
wayward fäncy round that onworthy olgecL But it was not of him 
she thought that night, when, about the meeting of night and nunn- 
ing, sbe quitted the tent, and wandered to the waterfall, whose apray 
flew in featheiy ehowers between her and the low, sunken moon, whife 
the owl bootet^ and the ceaselese roar itself seened to form rather a 
grand accompaniment to ailence than any interruption to its aolemn 
cfiect on the ndnd's liatening ear. But the density of mist now red- 
dened, while it dilated the face of the moon, seen faanging exactly in 
the centre of a vait cleft in the moontain, from top to base, wluch, 
being doskily visiUe in a pladd reach of the rirer, gave the headlong 
pietnre of a mighty arch, or portal, with a colosaal lamp suqteaded in 
the midsL Hie blood-coloured dtsk, the heavy haze, reatored to her 
thoDght the teirible moming of that juridical mnrder, making memory 
hoTTor, aod the peace of natura all round her more terrible than the 
wildest war of elräients to a conscience at rest. 

Saddenly, she heard her own name tittered by some one invisible 
through the fog. The voice called her againj aod stepping forward, 
ehe caught a gUmpae of the face and form of the Speaker, wbo, bow- 
erer, instantly retreated so far back as to be again hidden; but sbe 
■aw what seemed Gilbert — her dear brother'a own featurea, bat 
cha&ged, aa if by age, by care and captivity, it might be thonght, aap- 
poBing, for a moment, that, having eacaped death, or reappewing aa a 
^oat, he wore the very aspect he did after his sufierings. 

It ia a very common auperstitions fancy in Wales, that persona are 
■ometimea caUed, er beckoned away from the door of Iheir home, by a 
■piritnal stranger, who leads them through dark, and in silence, to re- 
veal the spot of some murder, or robbery, of a ooncealed troasore, or 
oorpse, or sometimes to throw a key in(o a pool, or bog (for what pnr- 
poae I never could leam), which key is pointed out in its faiding-place. 

The faocy-fraught girl followed, not doubting a moment the cha- 
racter of her visitant, he just waring his long arm, to invite her on- 
wards, and atill availing himaelf of the denae white mist, to veil him- 
•elf as in a shroud, and cried, aa she followed— 

" I have been looking for you, Gilbert— ctear Gilbertl — long Utok- 
iog. CHi! yoa have been slow to bannt me. Lead me where yoa 

will — to düth! I hope, if I nwr come where you are But Mop 

to bear mel — hear me swear 

" Come, Gomel " he only mnttered, hollowly, still proceeding. 



TBB 9IPBIBB' TBAQEDT. 333 

mooDtaiiis (m ihe night rimost be deeigtMted), when ahe bbit bim 
baaatifiil, aad tfasn^t hiai innooeiit — tbcne nnforgetaUe isonents all 
CUMB mshiag iiow, mnd the gulf of rin, Bod bloed, toA eooitict of 
pawriqni betwaen, imnAeA mt oncel ^e «w only lim wttom she 
voed to ntdk fcr bj- tfae hamr, at twili^rt, t31 Iüb fignre i^peared on 
tfce bi^ ridgft «^mooBlaiB, stnlii^ down to ber — wttch intensdy an 
kis dnlcidt deMent, eris tiU ke nKhedba-and aprong into ber Bnu^ 
-wUdt h>d mtmr esMded iiMn, bat her lätber-bFotber witii tbe pure 
Souiamm aC * daa^iter — she Rtir ealy tb« m n oe ti U lover, cvt off in hia 
blo«m, aad bj tbe haad of hsr fatber, alread^ red vitb tbe bleod of 
her mother! 

'* Wretoh of wratdus 1" tbe gigastic but bowed and care>wom 

öderer begMi, "wboe.is mj soh? — wbere is ny bej^, Grilbert? 
G3bert, tbat I recroHed tbe ocean od pvrpoee to we again; not thee, 
l^oa wanned snake, Aat hast stuig faie boeom for dieriahing tbee ! 
Here I am, alone in this mj old e uuii tr y, loneEer tbaa I was wbeo 
iror ki ng in ehaine so a AraogB eael Wbat art tboa? Aa Btrange and 
batefui to mj dght as thj crueltj to tbat boy is in the sigbt of God, 
wbaaa Uood be ob tbj head and an thy Boni ? My ehiU .* I disown 
Aee, asHenoi disowni; Wbat artblo« tome? I wantAm to wel- 
omoe Ute— to remember me— to talk of old tistee with me — to work 
wkh iB»—for me, m mr old age and neerj, aad I find bim dead — ■ 
dead, and vitfaoot a coffin, and you alive! I know alL 'Twas I wfao 
hanged tbat luiiidwai, and wnr will I de frigbtfol jnatiee ea diee, the 
kou^csmbI Kneel, aad pn^; fcr soehneicyaamf bojGflbertfo^d 
al the bands of boäi of ye, sbalt tbon iod at min^ by the Brii^ God!" 

** To my God I dare nM mo», wbSe a ttecf of m»i paweas ia tear- 
ing ae thai," dtc nid, aAar hng aifeaee, aad tearing open dw dren 
tiiat pent ha boaom'a violent beanag; " and to gern I will not, onleaB 
«o pny yva to be quiek and mtkn a bve-knot — ay, a trme love-knot 
alai nal, of tbat aame eord witb wtaidi yam bare added a Ütird mmia 
•o yonr aceovnt in beavaal" 

"Tboalieatr 

" I do not! ilaaaiii bim, mj mttba't qiirit, &em bearen er fnai 
hAl— jtm tbat he seat into God*! preaaoe witb all jmwr uns opon 
j»>l fint, mj litde bradier; next, xkj mother; now, Zephaniab — an 
not tbose three?" 

"ZJarr beroared; "tbe ikat ia a foul ftkebood altogetfaen and 
for jour mother'B dräth, it waa aeddett. Was it tiketv I meant to 
Uli her, with notbing bot tbia naked fiat? ll waa tbat lie about tbe 
eldld tbat pn>v«ked thablow, aad myTcrylore, tbat ee^ not beer to 
•ee ber fbc erer pänäag aAar tbe boÄaiid abe forsook, aa I niapected 
wfaoae chQd tfaal \)oy waa, more probaUy tba» mine. Aa tat Mb 
hel-homd tbat mj own hof — my ttwtam own — tfed for, dare 
]*0B blam» me Ibr harring been bis bmgM? Why, tbia ael — 
Au ai^i^a me rightaoaa act— woaM ledecm inj nnl from 
ilaBiaaliiiii. if mjratDa wera aearlet tentimeadTedl Andiflhadnt 
— "«*'"g of tbe fiwbh fhtber atiU aboat i^ man*! haart, old and 
■laajt ■■ it ie, tbat pleada fer i^ own flerii aäd Uood, tigiem ae 70a 
wn, bj ttas yvm Aoold bava beoi in heD, Mnt I7 lat, Ibr Üiia nbelben 
ad tUa beljing of mer 

"Bebet, call jva me?— b»! ha! fafti I owe jros aodnng bnt mj 
wietdmd bfatii," dbe mawered, de^g hfaa with g eate rea aa well aa 



.324 TBE aatasß* traoedy. 

woids. " In wickedness I vm blatten — tben yon made me modter- 
less — then left me in the wildneas of woods, me and my dear hratba, 
to prowl like lambs ahut oat of a sheepfold, round the homes a( 
strangerB. When did 70a ever repeat the H0I7 name but to blaspheme? 
No belle ever reached this wild place, to teil me it was the Sabbath of 
the Lord my Grod. I leamed not tbat form of worda of ytm. Hy 
natare was aO the guide I kaew, and it would bare beca my BaTioor, 
too, bttt ior love — lore that ruahed upon me, and became my Bectnd 
nature, that I most obey or diel Heaven hear my peijmy, and send 
Gilberfs ghost to torment me here and hereafCer, if I did not inteod 
but vhy this to you? Vau call me to account?" 

The infuriated giant ground his teeth, and grimied at her hor- 
ribly in scom, muttering "mtend/ — mttntiotu!" pausing, baffled 
in bis thirat of Tengeauce against one who thus defied, in the high- 
wronght ecstasy of despair, personal violence, and in her life-wearinesB, 
rather courted tiian deprecated death. 

Words bitterer to her than death soon auggested themselTes to hif 
fury. 

" Poor fellowT he aaid in irony, twirUng the pendent coipee «ifli 
A spum of hia foot " Ah, he loved thee, girl; he cried out to yon 
by name all the while he was dying." 

" Truly?" ehe asked, in tremuloua T<HCe; "aüthe tohUe ! Oh, God 
— Godr 

" Trulyl Ay, ho was long a dying— longer than my poor boy. I 
made him taiU deathl I taught him what it is to be ' hanged by the 
neck tili we be dead — dead — dead!' Thrice I relaxed the nooee when 
he aeemed gone; and thrice the firat word he gasped as he rerived 
was, ' Oh Lydia!' Ay, and every time I beard in the f<^7 aky, red 
as blood with the moonrise, Gilbert, a glorious angel, cl^ping hia wings 
for joy, and ahouting, ' Thanka, dear fatherl' I have been mad whüe 
abroad, chained down to my atraw — look at the marka of the chain- 
sorea in my arms! — and then I used to hear Gilberte — see Gilbert — 
couldn't sleep for thought of Gilbert, and thinking what was become 
of him; but that was madneas — this was no madneas." 

" And did he name me so — only me ? Oh, you murderer — ^hang- 
man — butcher — monaterl" She could speak no more, but sunk dowD) 
fainting on the ground. 

" She didn't faint when he died!" be growled, as he looked down 
on her, and bollowly cureed her as ahe lay. 

Who, in the war of the elements, in the pause of the aea-whirlwind, 
which, convulaing oceon, haa just driven the mountain waves in one 
direction, shall foresee from wbicb point the retuming blast sball blow? 
Posaibly, from the directly opposite, leaving dry äe land, fathoma 
deep in boiling surge ao lately. Eren so uncertün the tunis of a 
passion so terrible aa hers, compounded of many leaser ones, (aa whcde 
sea of waves,) aa that which prostrated on the earth the yictim of ita 
wildness, and her owd untutored tnind and desolated beart. Starting 
11p io her deadly paleness, like a corpse roused to a hideous modcery 
of life by galvaoic excitement, (aa ahe by her passionate misety,) ahe, 
forthe flrst time, seemed to feel the touch of nature toirarda her execu- 
tioner, for she regarded him, and implored him to *' do bis Office," and 
" because you love — ^you uem to love that dear brother I did love, do 
love, and would bare sared with my own life— ay, life and soul, I do 
totgiya you, JiUher .' ondpraytbatGodmay foigive you; the firat time 



TBC OIPSIES' TRAGEDT. 325 

tiiat erer ' father' paued m^ lipa — woe, woe, tfaat it should be tiie last ! 
^thtt I must die and leave yon, and never know a daughter'a joy to 
find a father — tbat we miut pari, and mo 1 — cursing aad cursed as soon 
aa met ! Yet I maet love anyttüng tbat lores poor Gilbert; therefore, 
Heaven forgive me for cursitig joul — fbi^ve you — forgive thia my 
dead love's want af courage to face justice, and die For anotherl — for- 
givQ a moet miserable girl ; so now, kisa -me, and kill me, father!" 
Tearing bare her beantiful neck, ehe let her head sink on one aide, 
and lodied imploringly towards Üie rope that Buspended her lover, 
feeling a desperate sat^action in looking for the same death, and by 
tba same instromenL 

Hien aa the surprised Samson Btood dumb, gome atnigglings of the 
fiitber within contending with the whirlvrind of a parent's fury, bis 
breast tom irith oontenduig feelings so new to bim — as some thought 
of her early iofant beauty in nhich be last looked on her, flashed 
Tagne remone on bis nature — Lydia took the dead man by tbe band 
to bid him farewell, and feeling it alreadj stiffened, and shuddering at 
the dead drop of that arm, lore rebelled against the dtatghter'i love 
■gain, and she could not realst the impolse to aay, " Oh, crad father, 
t&t tumed my loviog, lovely boy to lAis — this blne-iaced, hideous 
oorpsel Nor coold all yonr strength, giant as you are, you min of a 
man, baye overcome tbia BtripUng; for oh, he was bold as he was 
beautiTul, and good to me — bad it not been tbat some wicked witcb or 
&iry ahrivelled up at bis birth this arm, and deformed tbis dear dear 
band r And then she again passionately kissed the cold band, which 
was remarkable as wanting the thnmb. 

" How say too, girl ? Shriyelled ann? Does bis band want the 
thumb? Speak, daugbter, doec it?" And be snatched it, and satiafied 
himself of tbat iact ere sbe could answer, and began to tremble all over. 
** So strong a likcnesa to Gilbert, and Gilbert my very picture!" he 
nid, burriedly and inly. " Ha! — G^ 1 I remember the namc. 
ZepAamoA mu the gipey'a name — that begging one, whom I gare 
your little brotber t<^tobe shewn fi:« charitj, on accoimt ofhis wasted 
arm and four fingers, to ahow to farm boosewives. His tribe came 
often about these mountains. Girl — girl ! by the God in darkness 
abore our beada, Hat ia yonr brotherl — tbat is my boq that I faavo 
hanged on that gibbet treel Sure aa some fiend, or Satan, dogs my 
Btepa, and donbles the aia of whaterer I do amisa, tbat was my ton I — 
mine, proved bjr that atraage strong likenesa tbat waa the death of bis 
broüwrr 

" My brotber? Zephaniah a^ brother?" abe said, in a Stupor of 
bewildered grief. 

" Ay, giri-— ay, iure as I bare saved you and bim from borrid incest, 
at the price of my own soul, ret be was the murderer of his brotber — 
bis uuknown brotber; but twas I divided 'emi Ueaven and bell, 
vhat crimea we do in the dark, and how we plunge about in black sin 
and blood, and wound ouraelvea inatead of otherg, when we dare to set 
up to be law to oimelTes, and break looae from the bonds of society, 
and crj, ' Veogeance is misel' ratber than wait tbe time of Him who 
•aid, ' / will repay !' " 

A labyrintb of horrors had indeed involved thia wietched family, all 
originatmg in tbe aelf-outlawry oad rebellion against aodety of a man 
of no mean mind, cursed with oTermasteiing passions. 

Little remüns to be added to ttua BI017 öi a gipajr's lif«. B*' '***' 



SBAMA. 327 

<tf bald« eaa^tt enüuuium from the vfliy echoes of eame mcre gigaatic 
aad godlike age. Like onr few great mastere, inventian and perfact 
origiiulHjr in tba treatment of hJa nibjacts are the proud aUributes of 
Helberg's nuue. The first ideas of the mighiiest geniases mnst he 
Uta frait of otaserTatioa, aad are prompted from withonL £var intent 
opoD gatberiog ^«terials with which to nüee the ^tlendid edificee of 
their iäme, thej neglect nothing. Very in&rior compoülioiu, sa 
sucieot boUad, xa obsolete tale or traiütioii^-even a scrap of Tcne — 
or mere nmaar, wiU, ia such hands, be eoaugh to leaTen the vhale 
Baas of a magsifioeat drama. And it was dnu that the " Sir Folitic 
Wotild-Be,* of S^t Erremont, is beUered to have soggested an oat- 
lioe fw the exquüüte ^tolidcal portrsit eshibitad by Holbetg, to the 
iofioitfl cBtertainoaeat of all raiiks of hia admiriug fellow-cilizeiia^ 
We are aot antoag those who wonld wish to tear to tatters the repota- 
tkms of raen like Uoli^re and Le Sage, becanse the; bocrowed irem 
the great ariteia «f other nstioni^ theoüelTes doobdeBS indebted not m 
Uttle to clasnicsl or romantic modeis afforded bf their predecessanf 
bot, aasniedlj, l&iliäre's obligatätms to the Spaniah and Italian dramaa 
are bardlj inferior to Üxiaa of the Modem Freocb novelists to their 
iqgflaioua Bdghboaia. It ia not so with Holberg, (rifted with oob- 
ganial |)0«era, fae «somed to copy evoi Mcdiir«^ iheugh the latter, 
probablj, as bis predeceisor, exercised a certain degree of iTjA^ipru-^f 
npon the new nalaonal draüa of bis ooontiy. An older drama, lika 
aÜer people in geaeral, muat atwaTs gire a tone, if not the laws, to a 
riung State of thii^; jast as Plautus and Terence were the real 
fbunden of the modeni clssücal drama both in Fraoee aad Italj. 

The grand art of the old drsmaästs lay in drawisg natore and cha- 
racter as the; aaw tbem, and ti>ej eicelled, ecftedallj in drawing from 
life and «burvation, in portraring professional characters; and it was 
herc ^Iberg Aewed hiiaself a master inferior to few of bis grest 
modele and to none of bis conlemptvaries. Hia doctore, bis larw^er^ 
bis parstma, and miliUrj men, are both truly aad wittil^ delineated. 
Thongh drcased in natiMial coatuBie, and intended ibr local diapl^, 
th^ belo^ to CTer; agie and to e^erj pec^ile. jlnotber dasa which 
be representa almoat as happilj hb äie itöaua writera, is the freedmea 
— anewerii^ to onr more trostworthjr honee-etewards, valets, or ood- 
fid^itial duröestica. Tliese Cunil^-agents and chroniders, so identified 
«rith aH baiaaa intere^ are tfae peouliar forte of Holberg; La seea 
quilo throu^ them — he revela in their half odocated presumption— 
llieir bluoders and unoottaciouB wittHÜsoos — tfaeir aflsumed airs and 
apiflh eceeulricities, with the sest of an actual origisator of the amusing 
acene. Like an ezperienoed hunter, he pricks up bis ears the moment 
he hears the sound of their cgotiatical trumpet, which the; are apt 
enoo^ to blow; and it is then he luzuriatea in wit — rebounda from 
jeat tojest — and&omoneludicrousincident to anotbet, oombined with 
the gleriouB funnj lucies of a perfect barlequiii. 

We ^lall aoon ettdeaTour to give a few specimeDB, not, we trus^ 
wboll; unamnsng to the reader, nor to the minors, if not to the m^ors, 
atnong oor the^ical eatablishiPfata, wbich might do worse than bor- 
low a few laares from oor old friend Bolberg, inatead of ransacking 
Ibr ercr the etemal Scribe and his brethren. The; would find same 
charactera among bis offidal bumoriata far more norel, varied, and 
«misio^ aa wdl as bettw adapted to the taste of an English audieace. 



HODERII DAlnSH SSAMA. 329 

treRted his snbject with masterlj power, and a strict regard to tmth 
and nature, whicb, it is onlj fair to obserre, brings lum into cloee 
reeemblanoe withtbe bardof Avon. Yet Holbei^ Lad not even theho- 
nour of Master ChriBtopher Sly's acqn&intance when he wrote. Though 
A. W. Schlegel avards the palmof excetlence toShakspeare — deservedlj 
Bo, we must admit; jet, in thü iiutance, there are numerous writers 
who difl^r from him. The best criterion, perhaps, woiild be to plaj 
Qur great bard'a " Taming of tbe Sbrew " on the Daoish boards, and 
the Dane's producdon on oar own. It vould Üien appear that each 
was a magician in hia owu apbere; and that it ia something Uke com- 
paring the flavour of the pine-apple and the peach. 

" Jeppfl vom Bei^ " is a comedjr in itself; not a long one, indeed, 
but fnll of rieb, animated sceaes and comic incidenta, " treading upoa 
each other's heels," as Barns observed, " as fast aa they can akelter." 
Hotr much art was requisite to inapire the clod iteelf nith life? and a 
Comic life bo much more difficnlt than that of the C^mon and Iphigenia 
of Boccaccio and Druden. To displajr at once the most natural cha- 
racter and the happiest moral in the vidsätudes of a comic dream — to 
dart tbe raji of (aacj through the " dim obscure" of an imagination 
and intellect upon which the mildeat light hod scarcelj ever shone: and 
tbni, to exhibit a wisdom at once the most natural and the moet en- 
tertaining is, if not to rival a Shalupeare, to Btrike ont a new path, 
such aa was at least worth; of a kindred spirit 

Jeppe, thoagh no pbilosopher, haa the miHfortune to have a Socratic 
wife, who emptoje other weapona besides her tongne — a circunutance 
vhich he feelingli/ deplores. Can we wonder he sometimea drowned 
the recollection in tfaat " Bweet obüvton " which no exhortaUons of 
Father Matthew, charmed he ever so wisel^, woold have banished ; 
and that thii aingle füble obtained for him an uneaviabte notorietj, 
which led to the comi-tragical events which followed. When sbe had 
occasion to send poor Jeppe upon an errand, sbe usnallj made her 
memorandum with a stont cudgel instead of n pen, bo that he might 
remember; and on the more importaat day of entrusting him to go 
to market, she infiictcd as manj blowa es there wcre commisaions, in 
Order to iraprew the number upon bis mind. 

On hia way to the ätj, unluckilj', Jeppe had to pass the bostelr^ of 
bis friend Jacob Schuster — a poss more difficolt to him than any of 
Thermopylffi or Khyber to cur ancient and modern heroes. No wonder 
that Jeppe atuck fast in it; and entered into a humorous argument with 
bis hoitship upon the proprielf of scoring instead of paj'ing, aa bcing 
-capital invealed, whicb would consequentl/ bear intereet Spitc of bis 
ingennity, however, out came bis virngo'a Kruitxers; and when all gone, 
and mine hoat had drunk Jeppe's health, he began to moraliie, dcdoriDg 
that he would not for the world permit him to tonch another glaEs had 
he mountaina of gold, much less to begin a new score. 

BeBtowing upon hia prudent friend a heartj malediction, tbe in- 
censed Jeppe puraues hia way, einging, at the top of his voice, hi» 
favourite drinking song ; — 

" Not drink with me 1 What, dM driok «ith nc t 
Whni tbe nrth driakt tbe dews, aod llw mi dritJu tbe tea ; 
And tbe water itielf »jm tbe nu'a iparkling beam g 
Wb«» all DBiura driak* deep to ]/ouitg Idr«'i btp^j dream I 
Ob, wbo «oold Mm recretnt lo cuMom« like ihu. 
And lit tbinting in pun ; nor dar« iteep it in bBM 7 " 
TOL. VL Z 



■OOEUr DAKIBH DRAKA. 331 

«nd Eridi. hia valet ; aod as it abonnds in tndu of charactw, aiut 
osses in point, we the more wülingl; tnuufer it to our pages entire: 
Doo. 1«L We leani, «ith aztrema ecwceni, thit joor lordthtp bM not n*ted w 



tfnishL 

■. Tod tn», gmi lir. Hf lord i* io a 'rerf n 

, kid. Umt d« JOB fcel, injr lord f 



_ w gillowi tDfethrr. I wut ao doeton — doI L 

I&c-'lrt. ApragDoMie of deliriam — raring tlreadj. (Tb U* vaBtafM.y 
Doo, tnd. Tht nne ndden Um flt, tb« wcaicr orer. 

Jwrw*. Aj, ■ iharp bbM and a «hoit one tbr me ; and, nujhap, fiir joa, too, 
If I had tba trawiii« of JOB. 

Doc-SDd. Panul aw to feel Toar lordaUp'f polie. Qwd tibi lUetar? 

{To Ah ootfo^M;} 
Doc. liL Metbtaki b« wasti a T«ia oataing. 

Doc. tod, Tbat ii not mj riaw of the oaK. SoA Magehr acntta But ba 
traalcd in a diffcrani maBntr, rü ha boand lo aaj hit lordilup hai ouljr bad aa 
mI)' dfcam, that Itaa dJMOwMaed bim. He ba«, perhap«, drcamed be «ai tnade a 
autT* af aoadewBid to acrnhip and toU for lüb ; or, pöfaapa, tbat bc wu pnsg to 
Im banged. He waoli pkaiaot «o urawa rion and good wiae to duöpate tbna 
■liaigeBBMoBni aad bä night gM np •oaw priTata Ibcalricab, andeajoja tew 
ooaie aeaaw witb undoobted adTaituei (A baad o^nanc htrt tbUtn >^) 
Chan. Tbat ii a b*ouite air rf hu lordiUp'«. 

JarPE. Verylikelyl bibeteoftca tbtaeJoUy-niakiagi in tbeoldeaMle? 
Ouau WMoarer jea lotdihip pleaaaa — all depsndi npoii thaL We owb erary- 
llüiig to yoDt lordihip'i goodoeai. 

Jkfpk. Deriliih odd, tben, that I can't lemember it Nobody ever did ■« a 
good tarn that forsoi to remiad me. 

Doc. 1«L It ia tke natore of thi« di«ea«e to forgel wfaat jon bare fonueriy dose. 
I will itat« in ooaSdenc«, Tor joor eouKdatiMi, tbe eaa« of a orighbonr of mnt, 
who got ao eoDfoandedlj dranh, tbat in two daji be imagined ba bad kxt hil bead, 
Be weat ahoat loohiiig nr iL 

JsppB. I viib onr bailiff Cbriitopber, and bU Clerk, bad gol tbe ume dieeaee, if 

it voold keep tbeir band« ont of boncct pMple'i pocketi. Bot it mnit be a detpe- 

raleattacki Ibr he thioka, inateadof haiing do hcad, tbat he ii Ibehcad of nialL 

l7itfaUlaagk-ka,lia,JtaD 

Doc. Ind. lam gkd lo aee jobt lordahip «o Iheetioaa. BnttorMnn totheeaae. 

"i aearch ihe padcnt reoorcred hia hcad vberebe leait expeeted it, in 



Doo. laL And foa ma;r, perb^a, nmambcr the aeooimt we osoe bad of a nun 
■rho^ fcr ten yeara, belieTedlbat initead of brüna bia hcad waiftiU of aothinslnt 
Biaa. At laal, a phntekii bit npon a plan of nndeceiTing him. He applied abr^ 
plaater eorarad with fliea, and on remoTing it firom bw bead, eihibiled it to hw 
patienl. who, deliabttd at tba expedient, waa fyom that BNvaat a aonod man. 
AnoÄer wia ariaed wilh tbe atiange fucj, that he abooM iaiwdale the «lüde ei^ 
ifbeobeTadthedielatcaornanni and u waa only by raÜng » icport that 1ha 
«oem; wonld inUhUj carr^ it bv aaanlt If tba; vere not drownad ont, that be 



I7cafi7ltbjr 
MTe huaielf 



reaolTtd at «noe to aare huaielf and hia conntrj b; overfiowiag tbair uenebet. 

Doc. Snd. Ican glTe yo« laotber Inatnnee.mylord; that of apalientof mlnein 
HoUaad. Il waa aaliU more aingnlardelaiioB thantteofjoerlordibipimagtniBg 
"-0 bare bcen a compon boor. H« wm alao a MtUcnan. wbo happening 



„ .. _r a göld «baia of Imroanaa valoe, wbieh lamptad tbaosptditjof tuaboeti 
IIm lattcr, dnring tbe night, matrited lo abatraet a nombtr of tbe aold Ibka. Heat 

■__ jg^ ^ 1^ tordafaip waa aboot to moont ialob'- " 

irhlaMek.batS>anditi«oaba*ti b^iulngtbw 



. „-.. ftbeaoldlinka. »eö 

momiDg, JbM aa bia tordafaip waa aboot to moont iaio bii aaddle. be ibrew the 
ehaia orer hia «eck, bat Smndit too aba*t I bal" ~ . . . 

tbat be bad baen loUed, wbea bia boet nmaii 

' larror, ** Ab, my good k 

» yealerdar," and at the 
aag^Acd to donUe the aUe. Hia lerdahi 
lolee Glied otf," Aha I latatbenaaoo 
z2 



len Tobbed, wbea bia boet nmaiw tu ta Um, atarted back. calUag 
■lUgned larror.- Ab, my good lonCwkaibaabapfMoedr Toarbaad 
iae It waa yeaierdar,' and at the mme time ba beld ap a mirror, that 
Hia lerdahip waa neally abocked, and in e nittona 
tbe naaoo wbj tbe ebaiu appeatad ao ahoR W ti» 



332 HODEBN DAKISa DBAXA. 

weil; I un * doomed maul' And throning bimielf from hu ione, he tdiiedto 
Ü« Chamber, aad «fluid, doabtl«», hsr« died, htd he not sent Ibr mc 

Doc. liL That U not qaite lo certain t bat aiuredly, tbere an examplei d( thli 
kiod «ithout number, wbich niiul be a grut reltef to yoor lordihip. Fortha 
Teutm we vill proeeed ; I bad ouce a patient irho coDceived tbat he had a am 
ten fe«t lonfr, and Kot hi» valet before hua to vam pcople to get ont of ihc vaj. 

Doc 2Dd. Tbere ii also the cau of a yoons mao, wbo beliered that he n 
abaoluleif dead. He laid bimMlf out, and would neither eat nor drink. In na 
hii friends reaioned, and hia phyBician» preacdbed ; for he pn»ed to thoa die 
abeordily of peraiuding a dead man to eaL At length, a ikilfal practitionei^I 
Deed not meation tuunea— runderloak. to reslora hii vita by the fodoiriiig limplc 
procesi. He told One of bU lerranti ho« lo act the dead Duui, aad then iotnidDced 
hiin to hii other dead patient, wbo iaanired «hj be bad taken up hia mideaee 
with bim, " Becanse I am a dead man, wat tbe nply ; and thn theo b^n U 
convene mora &eelj. Bj and by, I lent the new dead man hii duner, whidi be 
eat with gre«.t leat. from time to time «clatming, " What are jm Kräng M han.' 
Thii U vortb dying for ; 1 neier eat anjthiDg lo good in my life. If I am ainfi 
to feait so, I wiih 1 may be dead a goöd wbile." " What 1' uid lua coDpwioa, 
" is ic proper for a dead man to eat ?" " Bat I to be Bore," waa the njij i " if I 
did not eat, boweonid Ibedead, I vonder?'' Thia excited the enrioai^ of Ihe 
patieat i he littened — he ale — be got np, aad valked onX. In ihort, he GilloTid 
hia eompanion'i example, and got quite welL 

Doc Ist. But «hy maJtiply eaamplee; we have eaid enongh for thebendtof 
hia lordabip, wbote caae seenu exactly of tbe lame kind. Bat he mnat Hört In 
baniah tbe delntion of bii having been a labonnng man. 
Jbivx. U it po«ible, then, that iE vai all a mere dream ? 
Doc. and. To be rare ; the caae« J haTe addnced moit ooniinee Ae noat 
icwtieBl mind. 
Doc liL Ecperäally after what t have laid. 
Jeppe. Then ia not my name Jeppe vom Berge? 
Doc Snd. Oh. certaiuly not I 
JappK. li not that lirago, Nellj, my wife i 
Doc lit. How ean ahe be, when your loidahip ii a wldower? 
Jefps. Whit I is it not trae tbat «he hai a panuaoor, called Mr. Eriell ? 
Doc Snd. All mere imaRinanon. 

Jbm>s. Now teil me. Waa not I aeU to buy KUif for waahing-day — ooly ImI 
nl^t? 
Doc. lau God tbrbid, yonr lordihip I 

Jbppb. And apent tbe money at Jacob'i, and got downright 

CaaN. No I Hearen fOTlüd I When your lordahip apent attiij the wbole day 
•t tbe chaie I 
JkTM. Do yOD mean to lay, genta, that I am not a coekold? 
CiUll. Your bODoured tady, my good lard, hai been dead the« many yeara. 
ijKrPB. Ay, 1 begio to rememtKr. I will think do more of my old dream. FU 
Mt b« a (boL but cnjoy iite wbile I may. Strange thongh, that a bad ahoold lall 
iMo aaeh dirty and dräiading ideaa. 

^'H-lM. Oh, not in tbe leait. I haTe known many instaneea in the conrae of my 
«i\Vi4>enoe a great deal more abaord. Wonld it be agreeable to yoor loidcfalp ra 
Mv « lurn in the gardent wbile breakfaal ii prcparing ? 

j Wiwie, To be Iure it woold ; and teil the raacali to make hatte, fer I an 
«•MwUity hungry, and could drink a rirer dry. No more erankomi aboat day 
hb<MU' i«ud ahort waget (br me. (£zi( Lobd Jeppe, wilA hü trän.') 

Vi'ktsu fturljT seated in baronial state, the exerdES of his lord&hip'd 
)M>v,-L'i'ii gtves rise to some admintbly droll sjttiations, happj dialogue, 
lutil wcU-oontrasted scenea. The iUusion is ably BUBtained to the Ust. 
UiU>.\ioato<l with his grandenr, he at length resolves to hang tbe re«l 
U'i'J, iu)<i aomeof hia domestics, when it is thought high time to restore 
)iiiu Ui It klvc}) sleep to the spot whencc he was taken, and where he ia 
It'iiti.l li_v hia virago wife. Jeppe is well thrashed, afierwards srreated 
U'v lu^'iUkiug utto the baron'a Castle; there is a mock trial — a mot^ 
t.\i .. uiii>it, llu is persuaded that he bas been banged, and with some 
liiiiiuuii-, hoMa H «lUoqu; from the gallowa with tbe passeogers aad 



THE HüSBAND MALGRE LUX; OK, THE WEST INDIA 
ADVEMTÜEE OF A TEXIAN NAVAL OFFICER. 

BT PKSCT B.' ST. JOHN. 



Tbe wbole part^r, who were sood eafe on shore, leaving their vessd 
to the mercy of tLe waves, whicti qiiicklj broke it up, were received 
with tbe utmost bospitBlitj by Don Mendosca and bis daugbter, whom 
both tbe joung ]ttäy and her father vere deügbted to find spoke veiy 
fair Spaniab. Mj hero further infonned tbem, tbat be was a captain 
ia the Service of tbe repnblic of Texas, — tbat baring suffered from Ul 
healtfa, be bad demanded a furlougb wbile bis squadron was preparing 
for a cmise agamst the Mezicans, and proceeded on a trip with Captain 
Frontin, a regulär trader betwcen the various islands of the West 
Indies. Upon this, he was immediatelj invited to raake Signor Hen- 
dozft's bonse bis home, wbile Monsieur Frontin and the crew were in- 
duded in tbe invitstion, the men being handed over to the Steward. 
Dowuing, wbo had already stolen snndiy glances at the Donna Maria, 
was pecnliarly deltghted at the ammgeinent, and had eren the audad^ 
to fanc7 tbat a corresponding degree of pjeasure had been shewn bj 
tbe yoong ladj hersclf. Howerer tbis may be, the storm baring in 
nowise abated, tbe wbole partj made for corer, and ere long the 
hoapitable planter, bis bright-ejed daughter, and Captain Downing and 
Üie onfortunate master and owner of the lost brig, were seated round 
% copioQB and well-supplied board, dpping coflee and tea, and enjoTing 
the invigorating amnsement of derouring bams, yaaa, and a vast 
Tariety of fruit. 

It wonld be foreign to mj purpose, and, besides, would evidence a 
vetj poor opinjon of my readers' sagaci^, were I minutely to detail 
bow the remainder of the day passed, how Captain Downing feil despe- 
mtely and irrecoverably in lore with Donna Maria, and bow abe, 
interästed in bis nnfortunate position, and pleased by bis natnrally eaay 
and fasdnating manners, was not very far from falling into tbe same 
line of sentiment, wbidi was peculiarly vezations, since notbing fans 
love like Opposition. All I sball say is, tbat wben papa retired to bis 
Muata, and left Downing to foUow bis exatnple or not, as choice should 
deteitnine, he preferred tbe sodety of tbe yonng Dcüma to a snoose, 
and was entertained by her with an degant collatian in an arbonr, not far 
dietant from tbe bouse, where, amid the peifume of aromatic jessamine, 
■at tbequeen of thesnrronndingdiBtrict,not lesBdiBiming,doubtleBB,for 
her acres. Ho was terribly annoyed at the duenna-like appearance of 
an dd " ghoul of a negress, as he afterwards described her ; bnt 
notwithstanding the turveillance, he contrived to poor a flood of soft 
notbings into ^e ear of bis mistreBB, and, boweyer the fact may startle 
ny phlegmatic readers, be obtained something very like encomrage- 
nent. In fact, tbe young lady was so delightcd with her gnest, so 
very light-hearted and frank in her expresslons of satisraction, that 
Juno, Üie ebony ghoul in qnestion, shook her woolly locks, tinged with 
grey, and vowed it was a dedded matdi. 

" And me no tibk Donna Maria far out de way," ehe nid, at a later 



334 THE HÜBBAim MALGBB LTH. 

period, to ibe kitchen conclave, " for faim 'xacly Uke JnpiteTt dat ms 
my fast lub." 

Earij next morning, «re ths Bnn bid qmsdbiainflaeneenpaBeirtt, 
Downiag had riaea, and ma ■eeking in the delicdoiu oocdneaB of tlie 
dawD, to allay the fsverish excitement which Uta tnmiiltuoiiB ercots 
of the precedlng day, as well u hie own feelings, faad kindled. On 
hU retnm, aller a long walk, during which be had let chance direct 
him, he h^ted opposite a amall bat el^ant cottage, with a beaotifblly 
laid out gardeu, on which he conld not bat gaze with admkatÜD, 
studded as it was hj the moHt splendid tropicol planta. The cott^ 
was aboat a quarter of a mile fix)m the yiUa c^ Don Mendoxa, and 
Downing, lying down nnder tbe shade of a sjcamore Ixee, abandoaed 
himaelf to the delicious luxory of thought. Some littte aniietf, donbt- 
lea^ abo acoompanied bis mere pleaaurable ideas, aince tbe father^ 
GonseDt to tbe marriage^ wbicb he had aettled in hie own mindthadjct 
to be obtained. 

Some twentf minutes el^raed, wben a window was thrown (q>en in 
the front of the cottage above aÜuded to, and a veij elegantly-dreMed 
woman, somewhere aboot fortj, (perhi^ a little on the wrong äde,) 
but Btill ezceedinglj fine and abowj, thoogh encnmbered b; tboot 
twice the ordinary amount of flesh, appeared at iL Though all ej^ 
himself, Downing was not at first remarked bj the fair apparitioii; bot 
snddenly, her eye alighting npon bim, she threw hers^ into a tho- 
atrical attitude, exclaiming, in iomewhat badlj' prononnoed Fiwgliil^ 
to hear which Innguage sp^en at all, snrpriBed the c^tain — 

" It is him — ^it is Tibbeta!" 

With theeeworda, Bhe, as if overcome b; theexceu of her emotiOD^ 
feil back into tbe arma of a grinning negress. Unable to repr^ a 
laugh, Downing arose, and retumed bome, not withont being anzioiii 
to leam the particolar character of tbe madness with which he ooa- 
ceived the fair occupant of the cottage to be afflicted. 

On reachiog the villa, be found Donna Maria awaiting hia reton 
with some anxietj; for the young ladjr had risen somewhat eailier 
than osual, tbougb her object, as explained b; heraelf, was to attendto 
the arrangement of certain flower-pota, in which graceful and chanC' 
teristic occupaüon he found her engaged. 

The day passed wjthout aoytbing to trouble the even tenoor of the 
lovera' way. Downing was profuse of petit toüu, Donna Maria <k 
iiniles and grace; but towards evening, the captün was compellc^ 
to abandon the sodety of bis charming Donna, and a^joum with the 
gentlemen to tbe portico of the bouae to wjcij die cool eTening bceecei 
sip singaree, and — 

** Smokd the rniJA HavsoxtalL*^ 

In the oooTse (£ conversation, Downing mentioned tbe occmrence 
of the morning, describing tbe appearance of tbe lady with coniider- 
ablfi humour. He was iiuormed that a few jeara previously, another 
veasel had beea wrecked upon the island, and one Tibbeta, ita nuuteri 
alter some months' reüdence, had married the ladj in question, bnl) 
for reasons unknows, had subsequently deserted ber, leavlng Mn- 
Tibbets mouming, like another C^ypao, for her lost Uljssea. 

Downing smiled at tbe recital j and the Bubject dropped, as ha 
thought, to be no more revived. 



THB HUBBISD MALSBa LDL 336 

Sovenl iäf» puaed; dmüig which die captam bemne » oompleteljr 
cotwined in tbe bd^'B toila, u to find it qnite impossible to think öf 
loBÜ^ ber, itill lie doaUed her fatber's approbatkni, and often Booght, 
in loi^ and aolitarj walks; to ponder over everj poagible argment 
whkli night prore «fflcacioiu witb Dm Mendo». 

Duiing tbe« per^Tinationa, Downing eoold not ibrbear notieiiig 
Üiat amaj penons «oold itop aod stan at him, while tbe oegro bc^s 
and girifl would distend their ebcmy Tisages, and whisper among tbenir 
adrea. Mon than ooee, ha heafd than diu^li&g tb«ir veD-knowih— 
"Tab— jrabl Tab— nhl TibbMa, Tibbeta, TibbetsI Come badtl 
Go home to wifel " Downing waa sorpriaed and aonojed at aO tbiai 
bst he woold have hetai infimtely nun« astoniabed if he had kacnrn 
tiutt Ura. HUiel* bad beem visitad bj a whole hoM of Hqnaintanoca, 
wbo «M^ntuhted her oo the retoni o£ ber tmant hoaband. 

Abont thioe weeks aftar Downiog's airivat in Porto Bioo, a baU 
ififl «nnooneed to be giren af the booM of the gOTemor of AqnndilU; 
«od Don and Donna Mmdoga, as well ac onr hero, and tbe Fimdh 
inaater of the img, were among the invited gueata. Before the ana^ 
fiioas daj arriTed, Doming received nomeroiu hinta iram oertaiii 
aoqoaintancea, tbat a scene was likel^ to occor there, bnt bis natnrally 
gl^ and aangnine qürit made him treat the warninga witb unconcenl. 

Hie evening of the ball at length arrived, and aft«r dancing muet 
peneveringlf witb tbe bar Maria, the ta^tain di8i4>pe«red in awch of 
aoBU re&aidüncaits fbr ber. Having aent tbese to tbe lady, aooordii^ 
to enstom, hj a darket, and eedoced I^ the argumenta of aome of hia 
new fiienda, he halted airtiile to join them in a bowl of arrack pundi. 
Dnring bis abaence, wfaicb Haria coneidered very unreaBonabl; pro- 
tiactad, the pondennu ladj befbre-mentioned roee from a wat wlüdi 
obe liad hithwto ocenpied, and approacfaed the yonng Donna, who, be 
it known, waa whollr ignoraut of the p<^nlar toinc of diaco u rae 
namely, the return of Tibbets. 

" Dcauta Haria Hendoxa, I bdieve?" ahe nid, addresaing her; " mj 
nameiaSba. Hbbeta — Mra. Tibbets!" And the atont lad; pnt a moat 
narked emphasis upon the worda. 

Donna Ibria eonld not aee the wit of thia, bot replied politeljr, " I 
am proud to make jotiT acquaintance, Dtmna Tibbeta." 

" Tou are very good," seid the stout lady, rery qnietly, — it waa 
evident ehe was getting into a passion, notwithstandJng hü apparent 
calmnesa, — " bnt pray, if I am not too iDquiaitiTe, wbat is the na»e 
of that indiridual — that gentloman you bare been dancing withr" 

" Which gentleman?" replied Donna Maria witb provoÜng serenity, 
bot still with some little surprise. She had certainty stood np len 
minutes with a couain, and of conrae ehe coold not know whetber 
Hra. Tibbeta might not aQude to him. 

" Ohr replied Mrs. Tibbets, who had aome indistinct notion that 
Donna Maria was quizzing her; "ofconrsel mean the person wbo 
haa not many minutea Icft yon." 

"That gentleman," continued Donna Maria somewhat bangbtily, 
and at tbe same time anxioos to hear the result of thia myaterioos 
crosa-euuuination, " is Captain Charles Downing, of the Texian naral 
•ervice." 

"Santa Marial Mr. Downing is it? Ob, Heavens! oh, iSiK, I 
■ball faint Tbe nograteful one! tbe decciTerl i ' ' ~ 



336 THB HD8BA>D MALQBB l,CT. 

At diu minnent r n^^ was hwiding round aoate tntaMw^ <bc o: 
wbich JSn. llbbets seized, and emptied liie contentB st a «Hmf*"- 
It wu brandj-pimch; bat doubtlesa, in her sgitttiaai Ebe TniMiwt i: 
fbr water. 

" Tour agttation, signoroi'' süd Maria, " to aay tl>e leaet t£ h.s 
TOT BtntDge. Do yon know Captain Dowinng?" 

" Do I know him, Donna Mendoza? CHi! can jaa aA me ^rit » 
qneslion? He is mj husband — my faithleaa husbänd." 

" Yonr husband!" cried Donna Maria, BtoiTing vainlj to inde 1k: 
C(Hifu»o& and anxiety under a calm exterior; " yoor baämuAl it bd- 
B9t be! — at all erente, be baa verj mucb deoeiTed me." 

PtxtecÜj cosvinced of the tender relations -rnrntin^ bcdwen ks 
auppoeed huaband and Donna Maria Mendoza, Mm. 'l'ibbttt iw> 
poured forth a torrent of invecttve, calling loodlj fca* an old b^^pg 
fire-eater, named Miyor Pocolongo. Tlie major Bpeedü j- answend ük 
Bumioons, and declaring Mrs. Tibbeta was au ill-oBed waanam, ▼iwcd 
to redreaa her wrcuiga. At this stage of the comedj, Dctwiöi^ mait 
bia appearance, and puahing through the crowd, was about to ote * 
aeat hj the astoniehed Maria, when the Btont lady aeised hin k^ At 
duHilder, CTTÜag — 

. " Now, l^bbets, l've got 70U at last. Govemor — fiiends — ^1M<k- 
I have found mj husband!" 

Downing feit hinuelf in what Brother Jonathan caQs "a fix." Tbt 
ball-room waa in an uproar, the dulcet atnins of tbe oniteeu* oeasri. 
äie govemor and niiyor eatered upon the scene of acdon, Don Kot- 
dosa aaked various explanations, and poor Maria appeared leady 10 
faiBt 

" I Protest, madaml" exclaimed Downing, now aerioiul; alaivcd; 
" you are miat^en — never more miataken in your life. My naiac 
ia Downing — Charles Downing; I was nerer called Hbbets — oetv. 
upMi my Eoul, madam." 

" It ia ao use, falae man — I am not to be decüved! I know yKt 
tridu too welL But come back to me again, and 111 forgive yon aU- 
Come back, my Tibby— Tabbyl " 

This waa too mnch for Downing, who burat into a roar of langtitSt 
in whidi tbe wbole audience joined. 

At thia junctore of affiürs, Hr. Frontin stepped fmward, witb a 
ptckxt i>t papera in bis band. 

It ia needless to eay that au immediale explanaüon ensned. 



In (W spring of the present year I apent siz weeks at the delightfol 
Villa <if Mr. and Mtb. Downing, in the Igle of Porto Rico, and fbund 
(*••! mj t'rinid'scnthüsiasticlettera had not exaggerated in tbeleast ihe 
K-^vtj v^" >iis vitnng Spanish wife, I have only to add, that, aince my 
•--^'*, ;« t>>^amT. I have received a letter from Mrs. Major Poco- 
i..>.\ «■•n.M.rv-'ii^ the birth of a son to the Downings, "the «17 
- •- > ".^ Ktp husband Hbbets." 



'WINTER WANDEEINGS." 

BX ir. wmaucu aihswoxtb. 

Aib-UAl — Story oft twati. — A nootanal rlde. — K/Iit, meient CitioL — Panthcn 
cf Anunni.— Hoctile rmeptton fhnn tbc Tnrkomaii*^ — Raini of lato». — Citjr 
of Hc^Mi, tb« mMÜvmjtr, — Aldsn plaiiu— Berenca of Bellerophiai,— City of 

Thb incomplete State of the steamers, tbe Tigrü being acUl npon the 
Stocks, and the neceuity there waa for awaitmg the freahea of spring, 
made Colonel Chemsj reaolve opon a winter expedition, preTions to 
the deacent of the river. Ä party was accordiiiglj fenued, consUting 
of the colonel himself, Murphy, Th(XnsoD, Staiinton, Helfer, and tbe 
author, with Yusuf Saada as interpreter, and Malta, ths black cook, aa 
«rtiat — and a most usefnl one he taroed out to be. 

^lie colonel was still ao ill aa to require being lüled on bis horae, 
bat from the moment he b^an to brcathe the mountain air, he rallied 
npidl^t BOT had we far to go to obtain tbia, for at a distance of front 
flve to six miles from tbe port, the ascent of the hüls commenced, 
preeenting at thia time a dreary monotonoua ezpanae, corered with 
snow in erery direction. 

Our Start was not a successfol one, and it might be said to have 
foredtadowed the great feature of all these "winter wanderings," in 
which one nustake was pretty constantly followed b; another. Hie 
oommissariat betng long in loodiog, it was left to follow tmder Tnsnf 
and Malta. Grening approaching, and tbere being no signs of its 
Coming np, Stannton stüted with a view to bring np tbe tardy eat- 
mUea; bnt we did not see bim afterwards, nor the creatnre comforts, 
tili w0 got to Ain-tab. 

We werc all rouaed hy tbe zest of travel, and our spirits were en- 
ÜToned by tbe proapect of change and adventDre; bnt tbis did not 
prevent our perceiving that night was setting in, cold and forbidding, 
and made ns glad to take refuge in a small vitlage on the hiU aide, 
netrly bnried in a snow-drift. We were kindly received at this place 
by the Tillagera, and if the fare wbb not choice, it was more than com- 
penaated for by the abnndont logg of wood, whicb affoided a wide and 
genial expanse of flame, limited in its extent by no tyrannical bars, 
bat nearly Alling np the whole of s fire-place, as capadous as an 
ordinary room, and not unlike the open drcular chimneys familiär to 
the CamloiBf tonrist 

The keen sharp froat of the night, and the monntain air, made us 
all rise in better bealtb; and we started in high spirits, tbe snow 
spaikUng in tbe moming sunshine, towards a bere, lueak, and barren 
ränge of bills, withoat a tree or honse to diveraify the proapect A 
aUrved donkey, whicb we passed on tbe read, was surronnded by a 
troop of vtUtures of the largest kind, driven down from tbe mountains 
}fy the sevcrity of tbe weaÄer. They were scarcely disturbed by our 
presencc, merely gathering t<^tber upon a ndghbounng knoD, where 
tbcy stood looking at ns läe a group of school-boys, only more flerce 
ibma playful. Not so large as the one, but about the same size aa the 
other, these birds represeut in Taurus the Conder of the Andes, and 
laminer-geyer of the Alpa. 



i 



339 

s puha. The «ward, ther^x^ wu not freqoenÜT dntwn; bot being 
one daif reqnested to be «een, whea broogfat out of its hidiiig-idaoe, it 
tnrned ovt Hat some inly Anb b»d chaaged the blade of manj 
piutresforanoldirotihoop, riratted with taut in themiddle, into tlü 
tonn of m Bward, «ad with a handle aloae Bwnewhat ümikr to that <^ 
tJke oriffhuL 

Ain-tab ie « ccRinderabk town, with a popalatiMi of aboat 20,000. 
Ita houMS are bnilt of slone, and ita marketi well prorided, and 
boatling. Owing to Colooel Chemey's kaown paitialitj to the Oa- 
manli^ we were not permitted to viait the ioierior of the castle. We, 
bowew, waited npoa the paaha to expresa a little indigoation at tlte 
difflcultiM which the traniport had met with. " I hare nothiog to do 
with the afbin of the cjtU govemmoit," eaid the pasha; "if jou waot 
troope^ or mj nrord," he added, taking it with a fiouriah fnan s reoeaa 
bj hia ^de« "it ia at jour aerrioe; but I cansot fnmiah camela and 
bnUoeka." 

Ain-tab has been identified with Antiochia ad Tanmin, bnt, as Ur. 
Long remarfc», withoat saffident reason; and yet it ia difficnlt to 
inumine aootber poüdoning fbr that town. D'AnriUe, however, ia 
completelj in tha wrong in recogniaiiig it aa the nte of Deba. lliia 
ia a ei^ of Mesopotamia, situated od the Tigiis> and from its position- 
ing given bj Pttderny, after Dorbeto (Drar-Bekr) and between Sapha 
(afterwarda Castmin Cepha, aod oow Hisn Kef) and Singara; can be 
Bothing bot the Alexaodrian geograpber'B corruption of Zabda, the 
Besabda of the Romana, and now Jezireh ihn Omar. The mutation 
of the Z into D, haa been ahewn at length in the notes of Valeains to 
Ammianna Maicellinua, (xzüi. 6.) 

I am more inclined lo identifj the aite with the andent DoUche, 
which wBi on the road from Nicopolta to Zeugma, and twen^-ona 
Roman miles from the latter, identifjing it with Bire^jik. in ths 
Theodosian tables, we have st Doliche the expreaaicMi for either warm 
or ealubriooB apringa, inatead of that uauallj uaed to denote town^ and 
thia appeara to have some reference to ita actnal name. Doliche was 
alao, in mediaral timea, a Chriatian epiaoopate of the province of 
Eophratoisia; and Ain-tab iaatilla town much iavonred bjGreeka and 
Armeniana, ^w oonatitate a conaiderable poriion of ita popolatioa. 

The froat had in no degree abated when we atarted from Ain-tab. 
Oor load lay weatward, over hill and Tallejr, alike dotbed in the aame 
monobmoaa garb of white; and the rivers were atopped in their oouras 
bj thick ribbed ice. Travelling, however, waabjrnomeanaunpleaaantj 
the aky waa clear, the ann ahone bright, and tbere wer« none of tboae 
foga and damps wbich m> often iaterfere with the wintrj beantj of oor 
own dimat«. Agne had retomed in Giorgio'a nncomfortable booacv 
and I waa at times reduced to the alternattTe, being unable to ait n» 
hana, of keeping np with the par^, by holding on at the tail behind! 
BaiqtUr, the animal thonght it too mnch tronble to kick. We were 
■omewhat aurpriaed at mceting on onr jeuineyi a cararan of camela. 
The ahip t^ the desert aeemea rather out of hu place; bat the snow 
bore ita broad padded fiioti and it got on aa well aa on the plain. 

the Bnt day #e tmlj reached the Tillage of Kara Weyn, cormptiDD 
of the " Black fioin," and by diatancea not unlikely to be Gerbeduaua. 
liiere remüned then for the oext day a Tcry long ride to reoch Kilia. 
Ve {dodded (w aa aanal, Uuphy taking we bearingi, and Ihe cgn- 



340 "WINTEB WAKDERUfOe." 

Anasuiat tninging np tbe rear, tili evening wu coming on apace, sud 
there were no ägaa of our being nearer to the town. Atlength, tbe 
colonel lost patience, and getting Marphj to chango hiB iDore 8errice> 
able nag for mine, whicb was indeed only fit to take bearingt from, we 
started off togetfaer, to prepare aocommodation for tbe rnnamder. 
Tbe distAncfl was, however, far greater than we lad antidpated. 
After an hoor or two quick trotting over an elevated plain, wtth bere 
and there a viUage in the distonce, we came to a countiy of niggol 
basaltic rocks^ upon which the anow onlj laj in patdes. IIm träck 
wfaich had hitherto guided na was, consequenlly, leas distinct- We 
conld oolf aee that our road tumed into a ravitie, which, with manj 
deviatknia, nttimately brought vs, jnst as night was cotning on, inio 
Ute low conntiy. We had then before üb b dark and denae forest of 
oÜTe tnee, with scareelj a pathwaj visible, notwithstanding whidb, 
Am coImmI mged bis boräe <» at a sharp canter, and when no hmgcr 
•fale to kcep np bj hia täde, I gallantly followed in the rear. As we 
«dvaiwed into tbe wood, trunka of treea began to jnt out into tbe 
Banow tra^ which was also occasicHiBllj intereepted bj brandwf 
lower dun the rider. Fallen treea forther obstructed a road füll of 
nte and of all kinds of irregnlarities, while the nncertün ligfa^ 
braakii^ hei« and there throngh a gap in tbe treea^ threw gigantie 
■kadowa befora na, making eacb dark Une ^ipear as a pitfall ; still, ca 
H>d on tbe cokmel sped, withont uttering a word, as if the road had 
becn as ev«a and as familiär to faim aa the ring in Hjde Pai^ But 
tbe p«ttering of our horses' feet, and the noise of an occasional joh 
afaiäat aome of the above mentioned obatacles, had ronsed the atten- 
tkn of the jackals. At first, oae or two, apparenttj highlj deli^ted 
witb oor progresH, joined in tbe fun, yelling most gloriouBlj; this aooa 
bfvught othera, tili the pack became so numerons, that the cluh of the 
boned' feet, a bump agünst a tree, or our own Toicea nsed at tbeir 
highest pitch, were quite inandible. This incessant din and bowbng, 
and the careering pace which tbe beaata kept np, dow in the trsck o( 
our borsea — now aweeping by our reiy sidee, gare additional apeed to 
the poor Bteeda, whoae verj haira atood ap like briBtlea. At KiliB^ 
bowever, we aniTed, and Bcatheleas, too; but it was night, and (he 
nultitude had retlred to rest, when the c<^onel stumbled upon an vn- 
fortunate bojr, who was endeaTOuring to hide himaetf behind a Hoa- 
■tttanan tomb, and he was forced, noletu txdens, to become our guide to 
tb« houBe of a Christian merchant, who had relations with the ezpedi- 
tioa. Thia was the first, but not, as I shall have occasion to relate, 
th« Uat nocturnal ride which I had with the colonel. The remainder (tf 
»fco pait^ did not arrire tili near day-break, fatigued, croea, and wom 
out; so the colonel and mjself deemed it wisest to continue &st 
askep. 

KUis ia a lai^ bustling town, on a rieh and fertile piain, but boded 
by pi«cipitoua difis of crumbling niarls and limestones, altemiting 
wtth baaalts. It contains thirty-two moeques, baths, houaes bullt ^ 
Btoue, and about 12,000 inhabitanta, cbiefly TurkomBns, with Anntai- 
iaiw, Kurda, «od some Osmanlis. Its bazaara are well Btored, and itt 
niNrket good. Kilia and Ain-Ub bave both manufactures of leather 
«Mde of goAts'-skin, dyed red and jrellow, and of cottons and vanoui 
«olowod woOiUena. lieir chief trade majr, indeed, be conädered as 
nw bi(l«s and leather; but Ain-tab, as prenously obaerved, a' * ' 



"WIIITB& WAHDEBWäe.'' 341 

fruit snd vegeUbles, with which it suppUea the market of Aleppo and 
otber towna; and arooDd Kilis, beaides ita abundaat oUves, much 
cotton ifl alao growa. In retnm for their prodace, the mercbanta 
purchase English and French manufactures at Alef^to, for tbe bazaBra. 

When it is conaidered that Ain-tab and Kilis are the towna from 
«hence the great piain with its nnmerous viUagea, over which the 
transport was carried, (and the Tiuiotuan governor did not escape a 
acolding on the occasion of tbe colonel's visi^) and the hillj and 
thickl^ popnlated districts on the slopea of Taurus are in great part 
anppUed, Üie nature of this activity and prosperity will be bett«r un- 
deretood, and thelr commercial importance estimated at ita fult valne. 
We are a great deal too mach accastomed — from the want of detailed 
maps, and from the indiffcrence which an administration known to be 
indfieient and inadequate at the fountain head, and in consequence 
tyrannical and rapacioua in its executire, natorally gives riee to — to 
underrate the actiial reeources, the vast population, and real produc- 
tiveness and capabilities, and tbe fleld that liee opea to, and is aa yet 
alraost unoccupied bj onr manufacturea, in the more remote parta of 
the Turkish empire. 

Eilia correaponds to the ancient Ciliza, which appeurs to bave been 
a place of no importance, tili it succeeded to CTirbas, the capital of 
the diatrict, and which waa in ita inimediate neighbourhood. We did 
not Visit the ruin«, but thej are deacribed hy Cokmel Chesney, wbo 
€iq>lored them on a former occaaion, to be of an nnintereating cha- 
neter, and ntuata about dzteen milea N.W. b; W. of Kilia. It ia 
r«mai^ble that the aite of theae rnina ia atill called KuroB hj the 
nativea, wtiich would so far corroborate the opinion held hj the early 
Cbriatiana, that that citj was foanded hj the Jewa, and derived ita 
name from thür liberator Cjrua, as related by Procopias (11 De 
.£dific. xi.)> and hj Gennadius, (De Scrip. Ecclüiaat. cap. 89.) The 
opinion of antiqui^ appears however to have been, that it waa named 
after a ci^ of the same denomination in Macedonis. CTrrhua waa 
tbe country of Avidiiu CassiaB, wbo rebeUed aguust Uarc Antonj', 
and it waa a Christian episcopate. 

From KjUb we advanced into a hillj and wooded countrjr, of^ta of 
the loftj Amanos, broken ap bj water-coarses, pathlesa and rugged, 
yet pleasant and picturesque districta enough, from the variety of 
acenery, the perpetual contrast of foliage, and ahaäj tenanttess glena. 
Colonel Cbeaney bad a great didike to beaten pathe, ao we travelled 
acroaa these umbrageous wilderneraes by the compaas, simply directing 
oureelves towards the central pass over Amanua. On the moming of 
the second day's journej, we Btombled upon the Inrgest of the f^ne 
tribe we bad yet met witb. We arrived so suddenly upon bis lair, that 
he bad not time to atcat away without our obtuning a fall view of hia 
noble proportiona, and spotted für. The natirea recogniaed him aa a 
nimer, ouraelves as the pantber, for the numbers of which Amanus haa 
been alwajs celebrated. There maj be some doubts aa to wbether 
the Amana, alluded to in the Song of Solomon (iv. 8), " Look from 
the top of Amana, from the top of She&ir and Hermon, from the 
liona' dens, from the mountains of tfae leoparda," allades to the Amanna 
of the Groeks and Romans; as the sccne, as Bochart remarka, of iha 
sacred drama waa conflned to the mountaina of Judea. But there 
can be no doubt of this being tbe mountain from whence Cicero 



(2 EpigL iL) taid h wm hie inteatk», vlnle in GOiäa, to ablite fitn ' 
flie honten paothen for Ifae Bonutn exhibitioiu. Tita laoanUiB w« 
edebnted in all aatiqiutj for iu «iU beute. Valoriaa FImciu, h 
dw Bnt book af the Aigonaats, deacribas at leogth tke kaatiif d 
ügm in Amano^ and 0|q;naniis (üb. iü. CjnegaL) dcMribcs He 
aame isoiintHui aa tenanted by a kind o£ mü, intb baaDm of taaram 
diaepaiona, tUcfc hairo, and lipa o( tnaa; and&ompoetijnotin- 
fonadedon foc^toftctilaelf, thenatiiraliBtJ£Uaa(SdeABÜBd.&S6) 
fleMribee tbe panthars ol Sjria aa being la«d in the h^hta dAmua^ 

Onr ride waa not this daj disdnguiBbed from olhera bj ita broitf. 
The eloddfl oune down towards erening fnun the nraantain^ Hid ca- 
Tehiped ne in a dense snow-atonn, which obacnied the a u aa&fba*, 
and rendered everTthing at a diatance of mora than a jatd ot wo 
fnaa na quite invisible. We had aacended aune wooded bä^ut, 
which broke off to the right in abmpt predpice^ while to tbe Wl 
th^ led awaj ^paTentl7 into woods of boundleas extent. Thwe n 
so indicatioa of pathway, or aigns of üving creatmee» and we «liw« 
mecbaoicalh aped awa; in a ngrth^j directian, a&aid, aaudit Ibt 
JarttifeRn of the stonn, to advance into the wood on mie öde, oi vt 
tomble down the precipice oa the other. Night overtook na in du) 
predicament, and iJthou^ there was little difference betwem it mi 
what day had latterlj been, still we had begun to familiaiize onr minili 
with the idea of biFOuacking in tbe forest, when we wäre rqdoed b] 
the diatant aound of barki;^ doge, and shortlj aiterwardi^ opai W 
aunoimced hnmaii induatry and the ^»proach to habitationa. Afttr 
what still appeared to be a long time, we arrived at t^ gatewa; tit 
noble-looking house, which beeUed over the brow of a pi«cipice, toi 
loc^ed down in aolitade and atatelj pride upon the dqitha bÄnr. 

The owner of this manai«»!, a Tnrkoman Bey, was nnfbrtnMtdj 
absent; aotwithatoiiding which, bowereT) and the time at which ft 
caroe, as well aa our foreign and uncoath q)pearaiice, we were nwst 
hoBfutaU; received, and weloomed into a roomj apartment, wkere 
Uaäing loga of wood aoon made na forget the fatigues of the dsf, iA 
the anxieties of a few moments paat. ManBions like theac^ in tbe 
hillj districta, are not unfreqoentj the; belong to the large Irnd- 
proprietoTB, are constructed of wcMd and mad, haring an inteiicr 
court with galleries, and when doael; examined bj da7light, hiT< 
generallj a cmmbling niinona aapect; bat at night time, wboi Ika 
bolta (^ detail are not ao diaoemiUe, tbej present a nunaiaii-lib 
^>pearance, and from their great auperioritj to tbe fanta of tbe pca- 
Bants, aaaume a tmlj baronial character. 

Our commiaaariat had been repleniabed at Kilia, so we gare Utlla 
trouble to the hoapitable Turkomans befond the night's lodging; tni 
reccdving in the mmning an indmation as to the rtwd to be paraned. 
we Btarted in a south-west direction. This, after an bonr or tKo'i 
tid^ brougbt us to wbere the ontline ol the coontry began to change. 
raUeTB, with a central line of reeda and ruahea indicating water, 
opened at a distance into the greater valley or [dain of the Kara-ai^ 
the andent .Snoparaa, here &om five to six niilea in width, and 
abniptlf limited to the weet bj tbe neatlj maiked out dedivities of 
tbe central chain of Amanua. 

At the t^mination of one of theae transrerse Tall«7e, wha« it 



343 

oMiMd opon tbs piain, we percäred a village, ereitiiig a tel or moiud 
d \aige dimennoiu, and we directed aar iteps towards it, with um 
liew to obtiinisg a gmde to the pws in the monntama. Little, how- 
erer, did w<e anlicipate the reoeption which awaited na. The natiT«» 
watched onr Kpproicb down the hüls whh anxietj, and anning them- 
eelres wiäi their long mnaketa, qnietlj awaited ns, seatod in front of ■ 
large white hotue, the reeidenoe of the shcäkh. We had just arrived 
•t the foot of the hüls, and became expoeed, bj tnmh^ round a tdomp 
«f tz«ee, whidi had biHierto maiked ob, when thej opeoed their irre- 
gnlar fira, which canaed tu to stop aaddeolj, and ponder as to what 
aextwaatobedoDe. At flnt, « wish waa expressed t&at Ynanf Stada 
woold gallq» Bp and ezpl^, bot after he bad advaooed a pace vr two^ 
•nd stood BS numj shots, he retnmed, and the fiitilitj of thiB pkn of 
prooeeding became manifest. Whetfaer by order or not, I forget now, 
bat certunlj we Boon fall into a bn^en Ime^ consäons that Äe wholo 
was an einir eas^ of reetiflcation, bat reqniring, at the same time, to 
be qnii^lj aetüed, to prevent accidente; and we were perbaps, also^ 
not a Ktde indignant at being thoa assaahed bj anomberofshirtedmis- 
creants, (or tbe vinagers had dirested theniselres of their abbos or doaks 
fbr action, and certunl;' presented a veij shabbj appearance. Mntpl^ 
had joBt been taldng tbe bearing of the aheikb's house with bis compass 
at the time diat the dwellers tberein were taking a bearing upon bim 
with their muskets ; bnt be had become eeniible of Ute aecesgitT of 
potting ap Ms watdi and magnet, and of nnslinging his gnn; and be 
•OOD came ap with na, and waa in at the abort g^op, whicli, carried 
OD simnltaaeond^ from foor or five differmt ptnota, took the little 
groop opon tbe hUl at every aide, and enveloped them before they 
almoflt knew what we were böit npon. Kot a gun was fired on our 
part, and )t can be nsily imagined to what ridiculous expLsnationa onr 
arrival in the rillage gaTc birth to. The fdmple fact was, Üiat we bad 
been miataken, as we au wore feizes^ for conissaries of Ibrahim Pasha's, 
with whom, it appeared, the TÜlagers, of what we now leamed was 
ealled Kare Baln, or the " Black Cbieftaic,'' were in bostUity; and tliey 
were aa much pleaaed to find that we were harmleas travellera as we 
were to bave reached the village in safetf . Tlieir hoa[»tality knew no 
boands. MQk, in all its Tariooe fonns, was <^ered profusdy ; and 
tlw sbeikb, in the exceas of bis satisfaction, woold aUow no ooe to act 
as gnide bot himself; and in the absence of a borse, be walked awn 
wiüi OS, with that air of ind<RniUble prIde, which the great«et good- 
will, or eren a hnnüliatiDg poüti<m, cannot take awa; from the Oriental 
diieftain. 

We Btarted &om the Black Chieftün's home across the piain weD- 
known to antiqni^ as that of Sochi, in which Darios waa encamped, 
previoos to bis crossing Amanns, to deliyer the Bettle of Issua. There 
IS a fashion in antiquity aa well aa in evetTthing eise; and Darios 
haring been once condemned for qnitting this snpposed wide plain 
fi>r the more narrow one of Issns, tbe error has t>een rejpeated in eveiy 
modern histoiy of Alexander and of bis exploita. Tbe fact ia, that the 
piain of the Hnanu is aa wide and extensive as that of the ^nc^iaras; 
•nd probabiy, lud the adrantage of not being encambered with wood^ 
which the rallej of the latter river appears to have alwajs been. 
Keither piain, howerer, was at aO adeqoat« to tbe faronrabla erola- 



344 

tHHu of Ihe immeiue aaaj et 50(^000 to 600,000 tnx^s, and dütij 
cftraliy, whicJi DarioB is said to have coUected. 

Crosaiiig the plain, woody and fertile, bot everywbere oncnltiTated, 
we amved at the village of Ata Bunmn, rituated at the fbot of AmuBi, 
tbe nativee tmifonnl^ dweUing on Ihe alope of the hüls, both to the 
east and wett of the plain, front motivea of salabri^. We weie n- 
ceived here in a large stooe hoiue, belonging to a Kord Bey , widüa 
which waa one large apartioent, dirided into several computnenti 
aod arcbed nceeaea, one of which latter was large mough for the wbole 
td onr party, white the Kurd and bis familjr occupied another. 

We here leamt the anwelcome inteUigence, that the Amanns wii 
not paasaUe at this point — " not eren for birds," was the expremre 
laognage of the Knrd; and, indeed, althoogh the cohMiel, who wa§ not 
eaailj set aüde from a fkvourite prt^ect, did not readily admit tbe fact, 
it <MUy rcqnired to look out from the terrace of the diieftain's faoine it 
the mountains, which rose up Uke a wall &om our feet, so petpeodicnltr 
as scarcelj to present footing to a goat, and clad with a BÜppery mutle 
of anow and iee, which advaaced withoat a break into the re^oa of 
donds, to feel at oace that this was a rampart not to be crossed hj nun 
at this aeason of the year. 

üie result was, that we had to Start next moming, in a sootheiij 
directt<a), ilown the plain, tili we b^an the ascent of the hüls at tbe 
village and castte of Beilan Bostandeh, &om wbeace we ^:ained the 
town and pasa of Beilan, ^oying, on our way, a comprehensive and 
beantiful view of the plain of Imma, with the whole ezpanse of tbe 
Lake of Antioch, spread ont like a basin of quicksilver höieath m. 

The change, on descending the ensuing daj, from the mde coaatiy 
we have been travelling in, to the mild shores of the Mediterranean, 
and the fertile soll of Cilida, was very great. There waa not a flake 
of snovr upon these ever-verdant plaios and myrtle grovea; aad oranges 
and pomegranates still hung ungathered upon the trees. Passing 
Idiendrun, nhere Captain Hayea had succeeded to Hr. Martendlt, 
we advanced by the Cilician and Syrion gatea to Bayas, and from 
thence to the banks of the Finarus, where we proposed to examine the 
great field of battle more in detail than had been done during tbe pn- 
vious aurrey of the Gulf of Alexandretta. 

We fotind several atreams of water coming down from the ioodd- 
tains, the most aoutberly of which was named Yualer, after the village 
it flowed through; the next was the Koi Ch&i, or stream of the vilh^; 
and tbe third, and largest gtream, was the Deli Chu, or " mad water," 
and which must hence be supposed to corre^nd with the ancient 
Finarus. 

CuriouBly rcndeicd by Avienos : 



I subsequently ascertained, in 1838, that all these »treams lost them- 
sdves in marshes previous to issuing into the sea, which they flow into 
by a nnmber of amall outlets. Both at Yusler, Eoi Chai, and at tU 
Ihe other villages northward of the Pinarag, although no extennve 
niina were met with, still there exiated ahnndant remaina of antiquity. 



"wotTEB vtAKozaaiOM.'' 345 

Hewn stones, fragmenta of columns or piluters, frieses, See., were 
Btrewn about, dovetailed into modern houses, or made to ornaiaent 
Hohammedtui cemetcries. 

Tnaler luu been identified bj some with Isbqb, &oin & remote rela- 
tioQ of namea; and a degree of probaliility is given to tbis idendfica- 
tion, if we mdmit, with Cellarius, tbftt when Anian describes Darius 
SS firsttaking IseuB, and tben proceeding, nezt diij, to FinamB, he wsa 
retrogradjng, to take np bis position, prerions to giviiig batüe. Bot 
tbis view of tbe Bubject is contradicted bj tbe simple language of the 
Ificomedian, as wellt also, aa bj the statement of Sindx), nbo placea 
Issofl ftfter .£gea, and tkm* the Pioanu. The distosceB given bj 
XenopboB are also Mtigfactory. l^e trmy of CTrua marcbed, in two 
da^a, fifüeen parasangs, or Üiirt^-fiTe geogi^tucal miles, from tbe 
Pjramus to lasus, and from that renowned ätj, in one marcb, fire 
parasangs, or fifteen geographica! miles, to tbe gates of Cilicia and 
Syrio. These distancea woi^d place Issus a little northward of tbe 
DeUChaJ. 

We explored the coune of the Finarus for several miles i and wera 
tempted, oa advancing iato tbe piain, to approacb tbe foot of the 
fflountains, from the cnrious ^peannce of a t^ upon which we sought 
for tracee, but witboot finding any, of tbe altara of Alexander, which, 
according to Q- Cnrtius (iii. c. 12), were erected on tbe banks of the 
Finams, close b;^ where the bettle waa fongbt. The colonel and the 
reet of the party had. in tbe meantüne, gone ou to tbe northwards ; 
and as Murphy and Tbimuon bod oommenced a round of bearings 
from tbe summit of the tel, evening at tbe aame time Coming on, I 
proceeded to more leisnrelj acToas tbe great piain of mjrtle and 
heatber, which had once been the acene of one of tbose wholeeale 
butcheries which stand sorrowfuUy apart from incidents of a more 
peaceful character, and yet foremoet in the aanals of alt nations. This 
great plain was by no means so eaay of Uansit as appeared, being cut 
up bj deep and narrow raTines, or water courses, with perpendioular 
sides, aod «hieb often for a time completdj intercepted Uie borse's 
progress, and obliged one to ride long distances before a feasible passage 
coitU be fonnd. It was tbus dark before I came to tbe first village on 
the TOad, and where I found the party located in a pleasant cottage in 
a garden. It ia almost needleas to taj, that poor Murphy and lltom- 
Bon, who had not allowed for any difficuldes on tbe way, did not ccnne 
up tili the next moming. 

The daj following, we passed tbrougb a laige village, with luxuriant 
ordtards, called Ursin; and we tumed thence in a weeterlj direction, 
across anotber open country, covered witb faeather and myitle, towards 
some extensiTe rtiins, which lay before us. We had not proceeded 
far, wbea a qnadruped, about the sise of a fox, witb brown für, flat 
body, and short legs, and, apparently, a sharp mnzxle, aomewbat tike a 
badger, but larger, and difierently coloured, broke from cover. This 
npirrl Bo exdted my curiosity, that, altbough badly mounted, I gare 
cbase, in wbicb Staunton jcnncd. After a mn of a mile or two, we 
got up witb it; and I puUed in, in ordcr to get a ahot, when StauntoD 
wcnt paat, and occupied such a poiititm as to prerent my firing witb- 
out tbe danger of burting bim or bis eteed. At thia unlucky moment^ 
the animal got into bis burrow. It ia most probable, bowerer, that 
ander tbe drcaautancea I «hould not have hit it. 

VOL, VI. A A 



"WOITEM WAKDEUNOg." 347 

AaceBdi&g the htUa, we }»aued the village of Kork Euhk, or tbe 
" WolTs Ear," where ia a large minoui caravaaserw, and desceniled 
thcnce into a plain, about three miles in widtb, and called Tchokar 
OtbIi, or the " Valley of the Ditch." Leaving Uurph; and Üie rett 
of the party to go forward to Misia, the colonel, StauntOD, and mjgelf, 
tnmed off into the plain, to ascertain wkot sport it wonld ifford. 
Tbere were no treea; but the herbage and jungle was deeps offeri^ 
good corer to game. Vor were we long in fimUng umuemeDt; bns- 
tards and trancoUns aboiuided, although rather ebji bot onr sttentioB 
wtB called off to game of a higher quarry, hj the «donel'e riartii^ oS 
at fall BpaeA afier a honting-tiger, whleh had jiut broke oorrcr. In 
tbe course o( m hoor or floy we put np no le« thaii six of these bew- 
tiful animals, bat did not sacceed in kilUng one of thea. Tbe honci 
were, indeed, mucb tenified at beiag poahed a£W ancb gane, and tk» 
Oolonel's ran away, and was with difficulty recaptured. 

Thifl plain was separated from the Valley of the Pyramiu by a rocky 
Tange of hüls, called Jebel en Nur, or the " Mountain of Light," and 
theae termintüed over the great central piain of Cilicia by an abrupt 
rock, upon which were the easteUated remains of Shah Menui Kalethi 
(Jihan Numa, p. 602), or the " King of the Serpent's Castle." 

We paaaed the night at Hissisah, vuigo, Misis, a place fonnerly oC 
conaiderablc importance, but now a mere village of about a hnndred 
bonsea, situate on the right bank oT the rirer, connected with a maas 
of ruined dwelling'houses, and a caravanaerai j on the other, by a bridge 
constructed in part of old maleriah, and from amoDg which I copied a 
Greek inscription, now in Colonel Chesney'a possefleion. Tbere was, 
also, ia tbe Mtae neighbonrbood, an artificial monnd, wüb scattered 
mins of what i^peared to have been a tetnple. 

Misis is weil known as tbe site of Mopsnestia, man eorrectiy 
-writleii by Strabo, Mcpsi Hestin, " the hoiue or abode of M<q>aaB,'* 
tbe poet and sootbsayer. It was a holy city, and an oeylum, and be- 
came free under tbe Romans, by wbcott it was enlai^ed and embelliahed 
in tbe time of Hadrian. It was, alao, as we leam from Frocopius, re- 
markable for its magnitude and apiendour in the middle agcs; and 
Abu-l-feda retatea that 200,000 Moeleau were devotod to deatb er 
alavery in this dty by Nicepbora» Phocaa and John Ximisces. A great 
numy misrepreeentatiwis regarding both its ailuatioo and its nam« 
exist in tbe Byzantine writers, and are also propagated by Gibbon. 

Tbere are sonte reaaons for believing that tbe town of MofMas 
oocupied one side of tbe river, and Mallus, where was the orade of 
Ampbilochus, the other. Strabo dc»cribes Mallus as buUt by Amphi- 
locbus, and Mopsua, tbe aon of Apollo. Q. Curtius, in describiog tbe 
progress of Alexander, says, that tbe I'yramus, having been passed by 
a bridge, they came to Mallua; and the river was, according to Scylax, 
navigable np to tbit city, which it is to the present day. 

From Misis, we advanced upon tbe beautiful and «zpansiTe l^aiaa 
of Cilida, tbe sncient Campus Aleius — 



and where BeUeropbcHi wandereat— 

*■ Fonook b; HoTcn, forukiag Iiumaa kiad, 
Wid« o'cr th' AleisD flcld hr cboie lo tatj, 
A long, forkm, aaeo^on^ilt «ay ! " 



"WINTER WAltDEHINOB." 349 

«^ •■'■. but it is abo said bj Äppian, that he expresaljf 

' l-.'fi t'rcijuented cities. 

"1 ilnruii al Kaslüd took a fxocj to Adana, and embel- 

.,1 iilx) bis soa liohammcd; and it has oltraya remained a 

" tili- Turkomans; and oae of the familj of Ramozan Ogklu, 

' •■ by imiiic, timbclliahcd it with its chicf moBque. It did not 

r I tiMianli dominioD, tUl the time of Bayozid II., a.D. 1483. 

»w ixcL-cds Tarsus, in population and commercial importonce; 

■ Mt uf a poslia, and of a Turkonuui government; and is said to 

■ II [xipulation of 50,000 souls, among whom are 10,000 Chris- 

ilie liouscs are remai^Ue for being constructed of red tile«, 

ti'i. old Koman bouses; and tlie countiy nround ts dlstinguisbed 

1.1 ,'i'oducing abundantly the frnits of hot climatcs, ahnoat eveiy 

■■•v,i baving its date-paün; and the eugar-cane has beeo imported 

.. Kjiypt. The bridgc, over the Seihun, the andent Sarus, is 325 

■ . : in width; and the cemetcrie^ bejond cxtend far away, hke a great 

. -1 <if graves. 

r''iloneI Cliesnef and myself had come on abead, in orde( to procure 
1^'ings; and for tfaat purpose I waited on the puba, wbo referred 
'' tu the civil governor, politclj sending bis scrvont to back the re- 
■ ,'K-^t. The old Titrkoman, to whom I then applied, scnt a Kawas to 
i'lftain a domicile in the Christian district; but not a house would open 
its doors; and we were obliged, at last, to take refuge in the Single 
apartment of an European mcdicol gentleman, who took pity upon us. 
On our way thither, we uiet the disconsolate astronomical and com- 
missariat part of Uie expedition wandering in uncertainty abont the 
naiTOw winding streets, in scarch of those who had gone on befor^ 
and not at all delighted at being thus exposed to those jeers and insults 
whicb the Frank tuu always to undeigo when pa&sing through n Moslem 
dty not much frequented bj Europcons. 



A LEAP FR03I MV THEATRICAL RECOLLECTIONS. 

BT DRINKWATEB UEASOWS. 

Earlt in mj theatrical career, I accepted an oficr from the manageress 
of tbe Tamworth, Warvridc, and Stratford-upon-Avon companj, to 
play the "juvenile tragcdy, and eccentric comcdy," — salaiy, as my 
letter of engagement specified, " Tventy-one Shillings per week, and 
benefits upon the naual terms." Atanagera, in those days, generallj 
named the amount of salary in thillingi — twenty-one, or twcnty-five 
Shillings read, and sounded more tmportant than " One-pound-one," 
or " Üne-ponnd-fivo," — actors, generally, calculating upon eflects. j 

With a light heart, I mounted the roof of the coach, by which I was 
to travel from Yorkshire, with suBiclent cash in my pocket to p^ for j 

my joumey, provided I travellcd economicoUy, and a ten-pound Bank | 

of England note, safely stitched in tiie lining of my waistcoat, as a | 

eorpi de rtserve, only to be brougbt forward upon a great emergency. 

The coach by which I travclled left me at LichtJeld, the nearest 
point to Tamworth, distant about seven miles — a mere nothing for a 
youog poir of legs, with a light heart, to walk. Ilaving jouroeyed J 



350 A l£AF FROH MT THBATBICAL RECOLLBCTIOH8. 

frorn Chesterfleld nnce breakftut, I ordered dianer ftt tfae ian wliere 
the coach put me down ; but although my ^ipetits was good, I ms 
sfraid to satjsfy ny huager b; eating more than one-hslf of the toj 
SDUÜl disb dT veal-cudets placed beibre me, fearing I Ebonld be sei 
down as a yoang Torkibire gormaadtzer. In addidon to the cntlet, I 
was favoured with an infantine apple-tart, of " smaller tluta die a 
nz«," one~half of which, accorduig to the treatment of ita pred 
the veal-cutlet, I left untouebed, casting many " a longing hxik b 
Rising from the table with an appetite bas ever been considscd maet 
wbolesome, the aasurance of which bat poorly conaded me; with what 
boTCrage I ventured to waeh down mj " half-and-half " meal, I do 
not remember. Having paid my bill, I eet off for Tsmwortfa, widi 
mj nmbrella in one band, and a small brown paper parcel, containing 
■ few necesBaries for my journey, in the ottier, bariog eent mj ward- 
Tobe fiHirard by wagoo. 

1 j<^ged on cheerfully — " Twenty-one Sbülings per woek," and 
good parts in the perspective — uudccided whcther I Aould mske my 
firat appeannce in Tamworth as Voting Noroal or Tony L tt mjAi M , 
On arriving within two or tbreo miles of tny deetination, I overtoofc ■ 
baker's boy, on his way home, with bis donkey and pannieie; and ■> 
" miseiy ncquaints a man witb Btrange bedfdlows, bo may a long 
walk with a stränge companion. 

I was right gUd to b^uUe the time by chattiag with this yonthAd 
Hast«r of dte Rolls, who wÜlingly answered my inqniries as to Ibe <&»• 
tance from Tamworth, the üze of the town, the inns, tha nomber <i 
mhabitants, &c. Young Doughey was veiy commnntcatiTe, and gne 
tue « histoiy of every decent^loddng house we passed, its owner and 
occupant; bow msny loaves per week Mr. and Mre. So-and-so " took 
in;" and bow many Ur. andMrs. This-and-tbat; who paid punctcaDy, 
and who dld not ; who paid without dunning, and who did not ^kj 
ataU. 

As we approacbed nearer to Tamworth, I was deligbted to behotd % 
fine rirer, winding its course not far from the high-road, for I was 
exoeedingly fond of fiahing. 

" That is a fine river," said I, to my travelUng companion. " Wbat 
river is it? " 

" Well, sir," repUed he, " it's that river." 

" Bat what is the name of it? " 

*< Why, it's called the Tarne." 

" ThM'e mast be pl^ity of good fish in it, I shoold Ihink." 

" Tes, the fish U good enough, vben catdied fresh." 

** What kind of fish are canght therc generally? " 

" Well, all sorts, at times; but moatly roach, percb, and Aeels; and 
Bometimefl other boHs." 

" Ah! " süd I, " I Bce a man on the other side of the river pulling 
die fish out pretty quickly, I sball not be many days in Tamworth 
before I try my luck in this water." 

" It is a good Job," süd Yoaog BoUs, " that they bite aharpisfa, at 
(dse that chap would be badly off. It wont be loag before he comes 
to onr Shop for a threcpenny loaf, stale haked; he's a very good 'an, 
and always pays as soon as he cao, so we never nünd truating him at 
times." 

" Who ia ho? " inqaired L 



A LKAV rROK MT THEATRKAL RBO0IJ.aCnOin. 351 

" VeU, Rir, it iR one of the plaj-mctors, fidüog — sutybe for bis diimeirl 
nter« is ao few fblka goea to see 'em aet in TAmwortb, ihmt ibtj d(»'t 
often get tay of their w«g«3 on a Saturday, and sometiiBeB not nooe aO 
Ihe weekthroagk; uidtbeiiiM is bestoff«iiioi^'eai,b«lpB tbeinaBtan*t; 
and they sticks bj one another aliraje. Hie master of 'em all ia a 
woman— ber hnsband'a dead; aod sbe'e got behindhand, aod lost a 
deal of nHMte;; 'caase ahe has grow'd so fiit and orer oM, ttiat om 
tonn 187« Bhe is not fit to act jovng parta no mco«; and veij f«ir 
poople goes to «ee her; and them na doea go, haa a order to go in witlt 
noeüj; and sometimea ikej woat go IkeH, 'caase ahe wiB go on takiag 
tbe ^oung women'a char-ao-ten away for bereelf to do^ tho^^ aome ä 
nur people hae told her ahe's far over Ug for them things nofr; bnt 
ahe never minda, but goes on doing 'em atilL" 

" Mj inootne totters," thongfat I — what a proepect for a almder 
jonng man, whoae means were stiU more slendert I «iahed mjedf 
back in Yoibbtre; but having advanced " thne far into the bowda of 
tte land," I resolred to pursae mj vay. 

I infiMtned SCaster Crumb-and-Groat (hat / was an actor, abont to 
jotn the Tamworth cmjm, whoee Situation he had deecribed as worae 
tfaan ooe on half-pay, or reduced rationa. 

" Wdl, sir,** eaid he, in an enoonraging tone, " nerer mind; thiBg^ 
majbe, may get better, and yon raaj have a good benefit oa jour mgh^ 
ibr a great deal of people goea at benefita wken titej tikea the aotora. 
Vow tbem aa acta tragedj parta, and ainga funn; aongs, alwaTS oomes 
off best. Can jou sing? * 

«No- 

" Can f QU act tr^edy parta? " 

" I am going to trj." 

" Can yo« tumble? 'caase tbem aa can, ia always safe to be liked. 
Hr. CSrim-al-dj acted one night, (rom Brammagem, and was teniUy 
liked and luighed at." 

" I can't do that." 

" Theo I doubt joa irill oonw badlj off; bat maybe that's no objec^ 
'cause ütej are all going to go awaj to Stratford-apon-ATOB to act vay 
8Don; and wme of the best hands is going to leare now, and get with 
a better set. ähall jou stop long wiüi them?" 

(Not long, " thinks I to myself, thinka I.") 

Thna we jogged on, ontil we rräcbed the place of my deadnatian— 
d^eatation, I might have said. I entered a reapectable-looking, second- 
rate inn, was sbewn into a neat little parlour, saw mj bedroom, and 
■fter freeing myaelf from the dual of the road, to(A taa, theo inqnired 
mj way to the carrier'a and the atOQt managereaa; waa delighted to 
find m; Inggage aafe with the fonner, and not veiy picaaed to fiod 
myaelf in the preaence of tbe latter. 

The lady fuily anawered the baker's deacriptÜHi— ahe mu tat, laxf- 
looking, and certainly sixty. 

The room of audince was adomed in the real old-&ahioned countrj 
managerial style. A roond taMe stood in the centre, covered with a 
aoiled table-clotb, it waa ornamented with epota of gravy and cnimba of 
bread; the iwlt-cellar had been lefton it, and a remnant of cfaeeae, well- 
crnsted. There was a well-thnmbed [day-bocJt before my ftitore 
miatreaa, who waa seated, making out, as I anbeequeiitly discovered, a 
caat of the " lUTala," for the next night^a pexfiffmanee^ when Mr. 



35S A LBAF PBOK HT THBA.TRICAL BBCOLLBCTIOKI. 

Bvtley snd Mr. MaDüison were to " star tt," — the fonner, in Sir 
AitäiMtg Abtotute, and " The Three Singles," and the latter, in Aem, 
and ffmmpArey Gtüzte, — a jug containing " real Stafiordahire ale,' ■ 
. annff-box, two somewliat soiled ostncb-featherB, and a tea-sancei ccai- 
tj \inii>g spangles. 

An <^-fadii<Hied mahogany (unpoUahed) dining-taUe, with one Inf 
•up, stood gn one aide of tbe room, corered with bound ttnd nnbooBd 
bot^s (dnunatäc, of coone), play-billa, dcketa, tin checks, and tin 
dtedc'boxes. A pair of soiled, white aatin shoes, boond with «Ira 
oord, a decanto', with the neck chipped, Bome ringlets «m pt^nOoUa, ■ 
ülver-leathet helmet, (the managereas had acted the Queen, in the 
"Battle of Hexham," I found, the preceding night,) and a pot of 
ronge. 

Tlie dd-fashioned aeat of the window was covered with " odds inl 
enda" of Taiious kioda — slippers, and coknued hose, a dagger, a greea 
velret bonnet, a veiy faded green veil, and a Mnall dog-collar. 

The fireplac«, instead of a £re-board, waa adomed with an old post* 
Ing-bill of the " Wood Demon," and the " Romp;" a aword, wiüwirt 
ita scabbard, waa carelesslj reclining on one äde of the grate; and on 
the other, a parasol, over which ink had faUeo. A black velret rob«^ 
epotted with spaoglea, like stars, was thrown over the back of one 
ohair, and a bilioua-coloured, tinj mongrel cur oocnpied another. 

A closet, the door of which stood open, disclosed sundry articiM of 
" creatnre comforts " on the shelves — a ptece of boiled honi, a slioe of 
bntter, a tin tea-canitister, two or three rolts of bread, a black bottle 
(contents nnknown), a vinegar-cruet^ a powder-pnff*, a pair of cniling- 
iione, some old artificial flowern, with manj more arüclea, " too tedioos 
to mention in thia here advertisement," 

In the lower part of this receptacle were a pair of patteas, an mn- 
brella, an earthen jar, osually contuning spiiits by the gallon, a band- 
box, and a pair of ladiea' lai%d-boots, somewhat dustf . 

As tnj future miatress was bnsily occapied in " making out tlis 
Inll " for the next Performance, I had plen^ of time to scan ererTtbing 
in the room, including ita stout occupant She had eTidently been t 
verj fine woman, had still a briUient eye, and was " round as a tun,"— 

" Like two lingle fish-women, rolkd joto one i" 

■he was in disbabille, althongh the day was far advonoed, " all occa- 
Bimed,'' as abe aaid, " by a preas of busineaa, and the fatigne of the 
preceding evening, when ahe had perfonned JUüa Hatdcastle andf^ 
Bosettberg — Mrs. Hardeaslle and Mr*. flalterman would, in my minil, 
bave been nearer the mark ; but es I had not long before Seen JSit- 
Jordan, the finest comic actreas of the day (of any day, I might say)i 
then Tery stout, perfonn characters equally juvenile, I was not very 
tauch Burprised, not knowing what the great lady'a talents might or 
might not be, 

" FdU 1U03' a flowar U bore to bläh vnseeii, 
And walle iu (weetneti on the detert air." 

I waited padently, as in du^ bound, ontil the devil (the printer*») 
was sent " down bdow," and uien we proceeded to buainess. 
" It glada me, sir, to see you. "When did yon arrive?" 
" About an hoor ago, ma'am." 



A LEAP FROH MT THEATBICAL HECOLLECTIOICe. 353 

" Walked you from Yorkshire, rU tte way, sir?" 

"So, ma'am; only from Lichfield." 

" ' From Tamworth thither is bat one day'a march !' " 

" I valk'd it in little less ttum two hours, ma'am." 

" Ahl You look very yoimg, air." 

" Ye«, ma'am." 

" Did you ever pli^ FaiiUand in the ' ^VBlaf " 

" No, ma'amj never." 

" We Bct the < Bivals' on Friday, and the ' Three and the Deuce;' 
we must get yon to play the Coaehnutn and Sir Lucius 0' Trigger, " 

"I never played eiliier of tbose characters, ma'am; and, if yoB 
please, I ehoold prefer opening in somethiag eise." 

" Well, Bir, what have you done in the ' Uivals?* " 

" David, ma'am." 

" Let me aee ; David — David — ^well, ür, so let it be ; you aholl have 
it. Would you like to take a glass of ale? ' We arc famoiu h«re for 
OUT ale,' as Boniface saya." 

"Much obliged to yon, ma'am; but I have only just taken my tea." 

" Well, sir, David shcäl be your opening part. I must trouble yon 
to call at the printer'a — he lives juat round the conier — and teil him 
to put yon in for David; your flrat t^ipearanc«, from the Tbeatre 
Boyal, York, although you never played there — it vrill be better than 
naming a smaller town. Teil the printer to leave a blank fbr the 
gentleman's aama who ia to play Sir Lveius, for I can't fix upon any 
one juat now for it. I thonght yon might like to open it; bnt it la of 
HO conacqnence, whatever, for everybody, I dare aay, haa to study; 
and it must be qnite immaterial to my genüemen what they do." 

" Am t to play in the farce, ma'am?" 

" Oh, yes. It ia a veiy füll piece; and aome of my gentlemen have 
left me to^y, qnite auddenly; so you mnat play Rtkard, the French- 
man, and double it with Mr. MÜfÖfd" 

" Slisll I not lodE too yotmg for it, ma'am? Yon knoff Mr. Mäfbrd 
haa bis daughter on the stage with him." 

" Oh, never mind that, 'tia of no conaeqnence — we can alter it, and 
call her yonr aiater; it will be quite aa welL I don't know who haa 
got the book of the force — yon mnat find ont the prompter, he can 
teil yon; and if it be engaged, yon can have it in the momii^ wbüat 
we are rehearsing the play — they aie both very ahort parta." 

" Good afCemoon, ma'am." 

"Adieu; by the by, our prompter ia going to leave ua, so, if yoa 
like to prompt alao, 1 will roiae your aalary two ahillinga a weeJc."* 

" Thauk yon, ma'am; bnt I would rather not." 

" Very well, aa you like; then Mr. Gray must be the man— be wiQ 
do very well, if hia deofneaa goes off ; he canght a aerere cold fishing 
in the nun, and haa been somewbat deaf ever aince— why my genta 
are so fond of flahing I cannot imagine. Good day, sir; mind how 
yon go down atairs— there'a no light — leave the door open. Once 



* Tb« pMupler did leav« the conpan;-, haTing obtamcd a U.. ._ 

bot, H hi« fiuaooci Vera &r Ihm flouriihiDg; the caa^aaj, one and all, chMrftillr 
(ntMcKUid ta eaable him to trevel witb hii funii? to hii oe« engigeciciit And I 
laa^ her« itate, Ihal adon, hove*er ilender Uwir meuu, ue nolorioui for tha 
•Hiitaaee thej' invarUbly rciider ibeir wmAj bnihren, and tat the kisd ftelinga 
they eriitce towardj neb other. 



A. LBAF raOM MT THBATBICAL BECOLI.ECTIONS. 325 

compelleä to ctuunge 017 ten-pound note — a Bad change I conaidered 
iti and I detemimed to change mj Bituatioa aa soon ae possible, for I 
feit that " an; change most better ntj coDditlon." 

I shall nerer fbi^t the Htoniahment of the carfüer at the bank oq 
my presenting my papei* friend for diange. He ejed me from head 
to foot — m; note from letter to letter, and from &guie to figure — held 
it up to tbe l^fat to examine the water-mark, tu:., it appeared to him 
(at leaat, so I fancied) to be a doubtful, if not a suapicious case. 
Begged m; pardon for asklng snch a qneation, " But was I krallt 
one of the Stratford Company?" Inquired wbere I came fromi aod 
aiked man; more inquiütorial queatiooa, condnding with, " How will 
you have it, sir?" 

" Gold, and « fire-poond note, är, if yon please." 

He gare me tbe required change, Bcarcely for ao instant taking bis 
eyes from my face, " bnt (o the Utt bended their Ugfat on me." 

I usderstood from aome of the Company that the theatre in Strat- 
ford was always well attended, and the benefita good; I therefore 
baaiahed my feara, but reaolred to be very eooDmuical, aod, if poeaiUe^ 
k«ep my fire pound note Dochanged, sadly lamenting mj being oUiged 
to let off my ten-pounder to enable me to cany ou the war. 

Fortune did amile upon ns. Business *mm good, though, assoredly, 
oar Company was notj we failed principally in our orcheetra, which 
oonaiBted of — shall I teil it? — a^e and lamboriHt! ibrtheregnlar 
muaiciaoB of the Company left ns in TamwMth, and bore we oould not 
obtain any, the two aJxive named excepted. 

Mr. DowtoD acted with us one nigh^ during hia star-engagement at 
Birmingham, and, for the first time, I played Acret and Grtgoiy 
C Tum Out"); he wu annouuced to sing, in Ratitit in the faro^ 
" All the World was bwo to vex me," and " Hey for tbe merry 
wedding day;" but, as Charles Uathews ssys in "Fatter vertui 
Clatter," " he didlt," for he did not like our band, stränge as it may 
■ppeu*; aod a> be would not sing without an accompanimen^ we " cüt 
the aooga out," and, as our maoageress aaid, " did rery weU withoirt 
them, terminating tbe Performances somewbat eArlier, which is alway« 
agreeaUe," continued die, ** espedally to the boarding-scbool mistreae, 
who brings tier young ladies at 2m, a head; and it savea a litüe— the 
boming of our candlea; ^ded to which, finiahlng early ia deairabla, os 
the people like to be home at a decent honr." 

liie Qttizxieal GaxttU, some years ago, stated Chat " Mr. (oame 

forgotten) acted Hamlet in threc bours and a half, and made nothiog 
(tfit." But we, in the way of time,beatbimboUow; for we generally 

r>t through a flve-act play and a two-act farce in the aame time; koA, 
doubt not, in like manner, made aothiog of it. 
Our hooses were very good, bnt, stränge lo say, at the end of the 
flrat week I receired my aahuy — my twentyone Shillings, by instal- 
meots, and in a most extraordinary manner, ae 1 ahall relate anm. 



A FEW PASSAGES ON DEEAMS, NIGHT-NOISES, ÄSD 
PHANTOMS. 

BT CBABLES OLLIER, A0THOR OF " FEBBBBS." 

PABT III. — PHASTOMB. 

" Personi, »Ret • de1>aaoh of Hqnor, or nnder tbe infloeoce of terror, or in tbe 
deliria <^ a fever, or in ■ fit of Ioiuct, or «*en Walking in their tieep, hxn bl 
their braia ai deeplj imprcMed vitn ehÖKerieat leprcteDtationa ai tbej coold 
posiibly hxtt b««D, liad these reprtwnuUoiu »Eruck their teni«»." — Skehetoxi; 
■' ^B Opiaiaii of Chott." 



" It faded on the crowing of tbe cock," saye Marcellus to Horaiio, 
speaking of the grand phantom of Hamlet's fitther, the most swfbl 
apparition yet evoked bj the imagination of man, — a royal shade 
more potent ob the monardi of spirita, than wbile, in the body, il 
irielded the eceptre of the tben mighty Uenmark. But, with lil iU 
Attributen of power, '* the majesty of buried Deomark" could onij 
" revieit the gümpsea of the moon, making tUgkt hideouB," As da«* 
ctune on, it "faded," Daylight is not propitions to ghoets, nho 
recguire a dim and ehadowy arena, — darkness, when Üiey can get it ; 
or, in default of that, an artificiol light whidi mostly includes heary 
glooma favourable to " their exits and their entraaces. They glimmer 
in front of a picture, of irhich the background must be obscure ; ^sA 
they demand in their spectatora a certain frame of mind brought aboul 
dther by the temporary bcffilderment of somnolency, by moral « 
phyaical derasgement, by sorrow or fear, by boundträs credulity, m 
by the natural depression of mental energy existing, more or tess, in 
all human beings at very late hours. Ghoetfi never prey on sagadoi« 
or healthy subjects, surrounded by cheerful accessoricB. " Yoar lord- 
Bhip," Said Sir Thomas Wilde, the other day, to Loid Chancellor 
Lyndhurst, " iB not the kindtfman to eee apparitions ; be6ide«,you 
do »Ol eat suppert." Phantoms, then, muet have ready-prep«*^ 
witnesGcs, suffering under dyspepaia, or oüierwise morbidly affecte^ 
and a certfün apparatus, like conjurorg; or they are nothing. To 
speak sometvhat in the mannet of the iäntasticol old physidan <£ 
Norwich, one might say, " Wliy, ghosts are never seen in daytigbt, 
or why they gcnerally aSect a iete-ä-üte, though puezling question.s 
are not b^ond all conjecture." The fact is, that laughter is deatb 
to gbosts ; and what but laughter ivould sttend the appearance of 
one of them, at noon, in Fall Mall ? Lord Byron fancied he ^* 
a phantom of a BIa<^ Friar at Newstead Abbey ; but, to use bi^ 
own langnage, it 

" Appear*! 
Naw in the moonligbt, and no« lapmd in diadt," 

It would be the very triumph of the World of spiritE if one of thcni 
could malntain its pretensions in the eye of day ; ihis would settle >U 



DBEAM8, IflOHT-MOISeS, AKD PHANTOMS. 357 

doubt. But no ; they do not dare such an iseue : the^ know " a 
trick worth two of that." 

An obscure miter, in 1766, thua expreaaes liimself as to ghost-craf); : 
" Doea not ereir too! of saperstition carefully limit hia apparitions to 
timc, place, and peraon — to night, to a comer, and to a coward ? 
Why are ^MMta etamollf bauished from sunshine and d crowd ? 
Wbat mightT causea restrnin their staJkiug in dajlight and in com- 
panj ? JS they are benevolent to mankind, vihy ahonld they decline 
opporttinitica of at once securing indubitable tcstimon; of iheir 
exütence — of accepting that revereace tlieir aature wonld attract, and 
that gratitude their kindness would excite?' 

The delusions of ghost-craft ariM from a vaiietj of catuea. Some 
of them are acciilental und natural ; others brought aboat by niorbilic 
agency; not a few by imposture; more by fear; and many by tlie wil- 
fulness of creduUty in ghoat^aeen themselyes. Let us gire one or 
two modern instanccs : — 

In 1807, 8 baronet, now living, was aummoned from school to a 
town tm tbe cout whero hia father bad died suddenly. Uaving arrived 
Ute at night, after a fatigoing joumey, and hia spirita being exhansted 
with the unexpected loss he had siutained, the young heir reqneated 
to be flhewn to hia bed-room, where bis sorrow and agitation were 
soon lulled bj sleep, the " bahn of hnrt minda." Between one and 
two o'clock in the momtng, he waa awakened by a low, wailing sound, 
äirffe-Mie ; (so it seemed to bis half-Blumberitig eenaea ;) he lilied him- 
aelf from hia pillow and listened. It was no dream. The moaning 
noise continued, and grew louder and londer. While our youth 
looked about, by the gleom of a night-lamp in bis chomber, tbe two 
leaves of a folding-door opposite him ewung open aa if to give apace 
for the entrance of a gbastly pageant. It waa as startling an anuounce- 
ment aa that which in Spenaer's " Faery Queene" waa made to Brito- 
mart when, in " cbeareleaae night, 

(he fron wicket open fiew, 
A* it with migblj leren lud b«en Um ; 
And fonh juewd, u oa the rcadj fiore 



Having remained awhile fixed with diamol apprehension, the young 
baronet crept oiit of bed, and atole breathlesaly into the adjoining 
room. Tho first object that met bis view was a fignre in white 
drapery, and with a viaage of the samc colour as ita robes. It seemed 
ndvancing towarda him, face to face. Being, for a momeat, terrified, 
the youth dared not proceed ; and as he stopped, the apectre alao 
bccame immoveable. But this was not oll that encountered bis gaze in 
that grim apartment. Ä coffin waa there ; and on it were plumes of 
black feathers, waving and bending as if aupernaturally forced to take 
part in some dreary ceremony. - The lamenting sound — tbe sudden 
swinging open of folding-doors, seemingly by their own impolae — tbe 
white figure — the cofiin and bowing plumea — were all calculated to 
impreaa bim who beheld them with a belief that ghostly influcnce was 
at work ; and had ho yielded to bis fear and ruahed from the place, 
hc would have gircn anothcr phantom-story to the alrcady exiating 
verilakU stock. But, thongb only sixteen years of oge, the youthful 
baronet waa one of tbose few persona whose presence of mind rarely 



deaerts them. SammoniDg bis faculties, and ooollj ünestigatii^ 
whftt fae saw, he aBcertained tb&t the pale apectre was a rcflectitu in % 
pier-glass (tili theo unperceived) of himself in hia nigbt-gear, «hidi, 
« be moved, would of coorse seem to be moving towards hin ; tJw 
irailing noise was produced by wind throngh partiallj-opeDcd wiDdtnri, 
near which the corpse l&y ; tbia vind, increaaing in Btrength dnring i 
gUHty night, bad forced open the folding-doors that had been aolj 
imperfectly and hastUy secured (perhape in trepidation) whea % b«d 
was prepared for the youth ; and the etrong breexe had alao giTen \ 
wBving motion to the black plomea placed on his fitther'a coffin. 
Having fullf aacertained tbese points, the young monmer retired to 
hia inner apÄrtment, deUberately bolted the folding-doora, ofiered np ■ 
prayer to his Maker, and was ^;ain bleseed by sleep. 

The following are other instances of natural and accideotal canaei 
of spectral impresüoas : — 

A young lady, known to the present writer, was tenified, one ni^At 
by eeeing at the foot of her bed a ttll ahodow making perpiÄul 
ob^sancea. Thoogh it is quite natural that beauty sbould be in the 
receipt of homage, the damsel, accustomed to adnlation at otber timci, 
was alarmed by such intruaion at " the dead waist and middle of the 
night-" Hiding her head under the bed-clothes, she summoDed her 
scattered spirit«, took counael within heraelf, and having recorend 
her presence of niind, looked with a scrutinizing eye at the jrfwnttm. 
There it was, still nkaking Balaams according to the Eastem mode d 
adoration. " A figure of the other world 1" thought sbe. " Dreadfol !" 
How far ahe might have blamed her attraction for bringing auch no- 
welcome visitants, no one cao teil ; but hes Belf-pogsesaion b«d acqniRd 
etrength ; and self-poaseseion is fatal to ghosts, whether their advent 
be to vorshtp or to terrify. She arose, went to the window, and 
detected the " cause of the effect." Her houae was on the border of a 
euburban by-laae, and a gas-Iomp aUmding there had projected into 
the room a shadow of an intennediate tree, whoee branches swayed in 
the night-breeze. She took eare afterwarda to dose the sbutters. 

Gannents hung npon pegs in bed-rooms are oftcn, during night, 
taken for ghostly figurea. Sir Walter Scott relates a remorkable 
instance of thia as having occuired to himself ; and many peraoiu 
bave been similarlj dec^ved. We bare heard of a genüeman of 
nervous teutpenuneot beiog hauuted by a coloasal figure robed aod 
turbaned like a Turk, and having a fiery visage. Night af^ n^ht 
did this gannt apparition present itself. The viütation at length 
became int<derable, and the sufierer, terrified into courage, 

(•* For mm ta retolale «ppear 

With too nmcti, ■■ tw litlle, fear") 

resolved desperately to attack'the distnrber of his noctomal filumben. 
It would not do to let hia impulae cool ; so be jumped out of bed, 
rushed towards the phantom, seized it — and fouud the window-cortain 
in hia grasp. The fiery face turned out to be a laige brass ktiobt orer 
vhich the upper part of the curtain was thrown. 

Of tbose viaions occaaioned by aorbiflc agency, the foUowing are 
specimens : — 

A lady who had been to KerrA Leone with her husband (au army 



mOHT-HOIBIS, Alfl> PHAHTOHB. 369 

d^tain) wu compelled to leave the Kttlement on Bccomt of ill-heal^ 
and retom to England bj heraelf. Diiriiig the vojage, she was toa 
weak to quit her cabin. This wu divided bjr a ecreeo, oo one aide af 
which was a Bofa where ehe recUoed during day ; tha other contaiiied 
her night-berth. Ooe afleniooa, when not {k frocn the terminatioa 
of her Toyage, die eaw, aa she repoeed od the lofa, her hiuband (wbou 
die hod left in Africa), seated t^ her «de. In apile of a dead^ 
faintoess that came over her, ahe uttered a hnrried exdamatioD ^ 
«mider at eeeing bün there, when he inatanüy arose, and glided &om 
her view behind the ecreen. Ä convulaive outcry broi^ht the ahip's 
aurgeon to her cabin. " My bnaband is here !" gasped ahe ; " wl^ 
did 70U not teil me ao ?" " You have been dreaming, dear madani,'' 

replied the doetor ; " Captaia ia at Sierra Leone witb iüa regi- 

ment. Compose yourself." " He is here, I teil you," rejoined sha 
with a wild emphaaia. " Go behind that Bcreen, and yoa will see htm," 
Hie snrgeon drew aaide the acreen, when no <Hie appearing there, the 
Jad^, excIaiaÜBg, " Thoi he b deäd I" Bank back, and became, fbr a 
tüiü, insensible. 

litis idea was too strong to be repreesed. Beii^ certain ahe had 
aeen her hiuband's ghost, the lady feit already the desc^tion of a 
widow. Soon after landing in England, ahe receiTed a letter fram 
her bnsband, annoiincing hia probable retam aooner than was er- 
pectod. But even this did not remove the gloomy impression. " B» 
muBt bare died in that horriUe cliniate,"thought ahe, "aßer hia letter 
was dispatcbed." Ät length, however, the capt^n anived in Londos 
in good health, and we betieve both he and his lady are liring at the 
present hour. This Tiska was nothing mwe than a " braia image," 
or hallucination of disease, aided, probaUy, as Coleridge says, by " ooe 
of thoee unoonBcioua half-sleepa, or rather those rapid altemationB of 
tha aleeping witb the half-waking state^ which ia lAe tnu mtekmg 



Whirain the ipiriu hold (heir wont to walk,' 
—the frnitfnl matrix of gboata." 

By way of companion to the abore, we may mention another anp- 
posed ominoos appearance eqnal^ fallacions, and occasioned by morbid 
perceptions resnlting from long watchfulneas. A solicitor in London 
ieft his private house one moming, telling his wife that he sboold 
dine with a friend, and desiring her to send a change of clotfaes to hia 
Chambers in Lincoin's Inn, where, to save time, he should dresa. Thia 
was acoordingly done. It was the month of November. Betweea 
five and six in the erening, the lady, who, with the swcet and untiring 
M^citude of a mother, had sereral dajs and nights watched the bed- 
aide of a sick infant, heard a carriage draw up at her door ; and, hi^ 
pening at that raoment to be going toWards the nuTBery, aaw, from 
abore-stura, her huaband pasa into his dressing-room. " Why," fiaid 
ahe to a woman-serrant, " I thonght your master was going to dinoer 
from hiB Chambers. Were not bis clothes sent there '^ " 1 beliere 
ao, ma'am," was the answer. " It bas beea nc^lected," reBponded the 
lady ; " tüs carriage has jast stopped at the door, and he is now in 
his dresnng-roMn. Go aad ask hia man why the commands were 
jiMbejed." The girl weat oa her errand, and retumcd, saying tha 



360 A FSV PA8SAOE9 OK DBBAMB, 

tliiiigs had been sent as ordered, and that her master was Dot in tbe 
house. Strong in her first impression, the lady descended 10 her 
hiuband'a dreaaing-room — that room into which, a few momenH 
before, ehe had seen bim enter : it «ae vacaDt ! Hour after honr £d 
ehe pass in dreadful perturbation. Sbe refosed to be c<»nf(Hl«d. 
Kot knowing whitlier her husband intended to go, she was ignmni 
where to make inquiry ; and onty afler his retum would she be pe> 
Buaded tfaat a waming phantom had not been seen bj her. Had anj 
acddent happened to her husband in bis homeward path, noUung 
would have removed her belief in a supematural vision. Her deluaoa 
was tbe fruit of long anxiety and sleeplcBaness at the couch of ber 
child. Hjpochondria had set in. It is fitting that for ertay acri- 
dentol eoinädenee in these mattera, numcrons non-emneideneet sbooM 
be recorded. 

Tbe Singular cases of diseased Imagination manifested by Wälder- 
stein, a celebrated phTÖdan of the nniTeraity of Gottingen, and bj 
iNicolu, a German booksellar, are too well known to require recital ig 
this place. Both these men, though teixibly oppressed by phantomi 
of the mind, bare done great Service to the cause of conunon-sense bj 
anbjecting tHe phenomena uader which they laboured to calm, philo- 
sophical investigation ; and so perfectly had long practice given tben 
mental command, that they were able, even when the morbid afflictinn 
was raging — whon the phantoms were actually present — to examioe tbe 
condition of their mind and nerres, and läy the result before tlieir 
fellow-cieatures. 

A nairation is Bomewhere made of a man wbo aaw his own ghost in 
every apartment of his honse. It waainTaiathathetried to elode tbe 
apparitioQ by gcnng &om the parlonr to tbe study — ^from the study to 
the drawing-room — from the drawing-room to his bed-chamber; in 
each and all sat his other seif, scaring him with ubiqaity. Tlis waSt 
in every senge of the word, an intense mononumia — an extraragaiit 
case of egotism, assumiug the horrible. 

The best explication ever given of ghost-craft, is that addressed bj 
Cassius to his friend Brutus, after üie latter imagined he had seeo s 
phantom in bis tent previonsly to tbe battle of Fhüippi. " In our 
ecct, Brutus," said he, " we have an opinion that we do not alwa}'^ 
feel or see that which we suppoee we da both see and feel ; bat oar 
senses bdng credulous, aod tberefore easily abused, (when Aey ort 
idle and unoceupUd in their own objects,) are induced to imagine tbev 
eee and conjecture that which in truth they do not. For our mind k 
quick and cunning to work (without either cause or matter) asytlung 
in the Imagination whatsoever. And, therefore, the imagination )> 
resembled to clay, and the mind to the potter; who, without any c«her 
cause than his fancy and pleasure, chaugeth it into wbat fashion and 
form he will. And this doth the diverüty of our dreama shew unu 
na. For our imaginalion doth, upon a smäll fancy, grow from coDceii 
to concüt, altering both in paseions and forms of things imagioed. 
The mind of man is ever occupied ; and that continual moring i^ 
nothing but an imaginatioD. But yet, there is a further cause of this 
in you; for you belog by nature given to melancholic discoursing, and 
of lata contioually occupied, jfow teilt and aenua having been ortf 
iaboured, do eanUer yiebt to luck imaginationt. For to say that Üiere 



NIOHT-MOMES, AKD PHAKTOHS. 361 

are spirite, and, if then vere, tlutt they have the shape of men, or 
auch voices, or anj potrer at all to come uiito as, it ia a mockeiy."— 
{A'ortA'» Ftutareh.) 

A pb^aidan of tlie oame of Co(^ living at Leigb, pnblished in 
1765 ao account of c«rtain Spiritual agents who hovered abont htm,' 
andsuppliedhim withaupematural int«lligence conceming bis patientB. 
This waa obvioiialy a professional puff; but sucb an effect did it haT6 
on tbe general mind, tbat a prirate gentleman (oae Mr. King) tbought 
it wortb wbile to deatroj the doctor'a pretences; and completelf did 
he demolUh the nonsense. Cook pretended that to him alone was 
communicated these wamings. His Antagonist inswera in tbe foUow- 
ing atrain: — " If we admit the reality of jour spirits, aad inveat tbem 
witb the ebamcter of sagacioua goordiana of mankind, whjr ehould we 
limit our ideas of their number and localitj? What claim has Leigfa 
to Bucb a shore of their vigilance? — or yoor houae to the peculiar 
privil^e of being their office of intelUgence? Men, as moral agenta, 
are evcrTwhere, I presume, in the same defenceless State; and equally 
rcqnire, and are entitled to, tbe Name apiritual correBpondence and 
protection. Were the favour of tbese gracioua beinge at all rieibly or 
palpablj experienced, it would not bo circumscribed, nor partiallj 
distribatad, nor didpcnsed only ft> a few in the teorld diirvtff hours ^ 
soUtude and darkneu, but, like every other dieplar of Divine Frori* 
dence, would be general, coostant, and indiaputable. 

Tbis Bppliea to all gbost-stories : it ia concluaive ; but truth was 
not ezactlf Dr. Cook'a object. To be deprived of bis waming-gbosts 
was to lose so manj patienta ; and accordingly , as far as in bim lay, 
Iie Btmggled bard to catablish his visions to a " liberal and enlightened 
public." Tbia made King only more determined in bis argument ; 
and the result was, that he annihilated the phTaician and his phantoms 
at " onc feil swoop." Tlie controversy, though now.fo:^^t«n, is w^ 
worth reading. 

The föUowing is one of tbe most remarkable and pozaling instances 
of dream in oae place, and vision in another, on recori. It woa 
related about eightj yeaxa ogo, and deserres to be recalled from dusty 
oblirion. 

A Btudent at an academy in Devonellire dreamt tbat be was going to 
London, but haring parenta tiving in Gloucestershire, tboi^ht be 
would visit their house in his wa^ to the metropolis. Me, accordinglj, 
commcnced bia joumey in Imagination ; and, reacbing the parental 
home, attempted to enter at the front door, but flnding it fast, wcnt 
roond to tbe back, where he gained read; adraission. All was hushed : 
the family had rctired for the night. Proceeding to tbe apartment 
where bia parenta lo;, he foond his fatber asleep; on which, without 
disturbtng him, be went to the other aide äie bcd, and perceived bis 
mother to be broad awake. " Motber," eüd he, " I am going a long 
joumey " (meaning to London), " and bare come to bid you good by. 
Stricken witb fright, and interpreting his words in a fatal sense, sfae 
replicd, " Dear son, thou art dead! " — The dreamer now awoke, and 
tooL no more notice of tbe affair than be would of any ordinary dream. 
But in a few days, he received a letter from bis fatber, informing him 
that bis iQother, while in bed, bad heard him, an a certain night, (the 
vcry night of his dream,) trying the doors of tbe bouse; and after 
upening the bock door, aad coming np stairs, he appcared at her side. 

TOL. TL BB 



THE BBinSH ARCH^ULOGISTS AT CASTE&BDBT.' 



tMBB äie ftou BOT the hoapitali^ of Canttrbaif of oU ue goue bj, or 
ict. Tnie, tbat «t tbe Uta ÖF one of it* gatawajrt, modere ornioirai ha* 
lad «pariM to «n old he«rt-ihMad «hield, Wri ng Äa iBMriptMn, " W*l- 
(,1671," n nomt ud ImMmiUs witfa AcMoiiMmi irard, «FhwwcQ, 



ISSA." But, ■otwMMteading tbe qantioMUa pidikMM of tUa indiiulioo, 
«ffOMdwitktotha^ '" '^ - ■ 



PffOMd *• tt k to th* gvDMitT of tfaftt o( th« «emteendi emtnn', CaaterbiBj 
ii itill itieV, «nd, in point of tMlog-, m it wm «ben päcrim Miow«d in Ute 
iralu <tf Ae MCMd UMtfjr, ta 1^ tbör oflbrings at äa ■hrina of Backet 
b rampirto wbkh lw*a miiteil Danaa, Kui iiiaae, and paiÜHnentan fiwoM, 
•üU ttongxk iato rigb from ainidrt pietomina oM IwoMs, or are nmiUad inta 
public pramenada. A Notbbi keäp,aDdonaof itaold oatew^a, nilfa nond 

tawanaad pertmlliB, Däl rmoma. Ita laalai and pafatial niaa, rieh with 

hiitaKkal TMoUeotkMM «# eariv Chriatiaiiit^, of wedded lewM, aad of pMoa 
X alio to be fenna adonied mtb leering and grateaqiw figm^ 
McaBti««(]<llMaMMkadiBtla«ad "«fiitawaa baattfanjr iMt," 



lie«k,a 

" ' I a eathedral an Um Tnianbla &r aatiquity Ihan diatin» 
' BDd arekiteetiiTal exoelleooe. 

t am anduMäo^ of Gteat Britain, aaaaiiK 
lina Iha aatiqiiitiea ot a loeaU^, te diacnsa 
anti qaatfim and hiatericd niltieeis genanny, to pnwMte nrnteal iatenvnnet 
■nd to knd tiMlr aid in tbe pieaemäon af menvnMB*» al Mta täatt dteold 
bare made ana of tba moat MCMot oitiaB td tba ampiia uao from wbenea 
C%riftiauty «ma fint diffaaed a*«r tba hnd, and ia «ad araond wbkb Koman, 
Saum, Naman, »d oU EegUih nia» briatl« np at e*er^ f^^ ^ ^^ ^^ 
Tiew fron th» moat obacvre and ranote cMncn, and wbicb in ooa parlietilar 
» eairy tba e^a tbrongfa aknoat tba wbnle aeriaa of ebangea amctad bj 
tbe feetnrea of Gotbk areUtectme— tba int pgänt c/t£eir int ei^a- 



The ßMKt adnoMagw, indaed, eaürred b j tbe arcbadcgiat ia, tbat ba baa 
to da widt local tUaga, wfaieh, if not liTiiM>, are «tili «ziBling ftrai, appaating 
in mute doqiieBce te tbe eje, aod to whioa, by tbe pewar of nünd and genina« 
be landa Itfe, reaMeitating tbe paat fot tbe baoefit ot tbe pr«aent Compariaona 
an p r a e ar bia lly iaaated oftD m ebjactienaUe ; bot it ia impawitde not to 
iMMn, Aat tbe pnftct eaaa aad genial ijMpatbies of tbe Biiäab AicbKolo- 
*iab, omtraated rtroDglT witb Ae appiebeDBh>enaM and fngi^tf of tbe SHem- 
Hiee of tbe nen of aetonce, and tbat in > meoner big^y bnmraUe ta tboae 
d BarteritT froro tbe leaHua of tbe pait, or iri£-aufficiaDCT 

It waa &e flnxT öt a diatii^nnbad modern writer, tbat pecoliar and eb»r 
laoteriaäe Bring nnea ni^ bi lappoeed to ^cing fraoi tbe nriaty, beantT« 
■nd grvteaqDeneN of ahapea and ontliMa, trbich beloag to eathedral »tmctnrM, 
and wbicb anccaed to cme aootber in tbe dim üght ■nAned tbrongh atainad 
glaaa, «r abaded \>y leBgtiwning aiiles and kftj arcbe«, in nicb mjitarioiia 
■nidtitnda ; and tba defcrmed lenant of tbe towera of Nötre Dane, was tba 



Uring hna giTen to rach an abetract idea. Bot te ditbrant, and far mora 
piaetieal, are aar eoneeptiaw of proptietf. No one ooald bare attended tba 
Awoei a tk ia of Britid» Atrhwetegleti at Canterbnry, and mat in baman^ of 
'-\ tbe muwfDaa cbureb ' ' ■' ' 



]f proptietf. No one eoald 

«tegitti at Can(erbtu7, and 

u cnureb dignitariea w' 

paita of England— fron Loodoo, Osfind, fler^brd, t _ 

Ba*a fek tläit «och mea, ooabinii^ a fiae NB^lkitr of miad and warmth of 
ftelii^ wttb tbe bigbert intelUetaal attribatca, wen tba baat pomble rmn- 
«entoliTca at Iboaa nobh ediAcet froaa wbence tbe^ naj be abaoat iüd to 
fw a n a t a ; nd tbat, nnUka Um lenncd and cbwiuxtd ndnae of old, 



THE BRITISH ABCBfOLOOIBTS AT CAMTESBCBT. 365 

defeo^ng their counby, hne also protected ita reUgioD. To tu, the reoum- 
bent liiiBg«)> of Archlnthop« Feckbtun «nd Warriiam, in their long robes and 
mitred head) ; or that of tbe Black Frince, lyingr in complete armonr, on an 
altar tombof grej iDHrble, saggest in their placid repose and sculptaral läc- 
turetquenew, do scDtiinents but tbcse of reepectiul and darotioiud admiration. 
Such moamneiita a* tboM of Heniy tbs Fourth and of Joan of Nawie, bis 
quMn ; of Lady Holland and her two hiubandi, witb Um ciutaiiiaiy emblem 
of fidelity Rt her feet, in St. Uichaera Chapel, are to our ininda at once appro- 
priate aäd architectanic ; and if yon adinit the decoimt«d atrlo within an 
edifie« otberwiae of RomMwtque siniplicity, as in the acraeti of Prior Heniy 
de Etteio, wbicb aepvatea the nave ttüm the choir, and the florid decoratioDS 
«f the wettern trantepta, you cannot olgect to Üie itatnele« but deconted 
•Itar tomba wMch adon the eoitem portioo of the choir; and one of irhich, 
that of Archlncbap Me<f ham, «erves a» a acreen to the old Norman Chapel of 
St. Auelm. Neither would we bring anj objectiona in point of awiopriate- 
neai, to baar lipon manr otber inonumeDti of Canterburj Cathedral. Hie 
atndiont aipect of John Bmht, witb his beard, long robe*, and mfflea of the 
middlaage*; or old Sir T. Keville, kneeling in prajer, in hii coat of mul, 
cannot bat be coniidered aa charmcteristic and pleasing numanienta, the efieot 
of whteh u good. But Buch acceptance cannot be eitended to all. The 
higfalj colouräd and gaud^ moonment of Archbithop Chicele, ia most nniidt- 
able to the Bolemn simplici^ of eTerrthing aronnd ; tbe bntastic heainng of 
■knlU and bonea on Dean Fotberby'a monoment ; manj of the detaili in the 
wairiora' chapel — (üctorial Mmlptiüea, trivial in eonceptioD and in exeontloo, 
and all inere bn^ bnng iocomplete and ft^roentair In cbanKter. are de- 
cidedlr nnarehileetonio. And althong^ among the mooen aMnmaenti, cod- 
aigned witboat an exeeption to tbe nave, uwe are not manjr acnlptunl 
ocavcntionaUtiee — kneeling fignree, repetiÜMU of anciHit and well-esteemed 
designa, or females beut over tomba in tbe recogniied attitndei and ezpreaaion 
of monumental grief^ — «tili, it iitobe rMpretfiillj added, that there ia throng^- 
ont equallj' little pvtenäoa or tatte. Witb tbe exeeption of two cberubim 
bj Rjnbrack, who leem to be pUying abont a broken coltunn ; and a modern 
miterj- to LieuL-Col. Stuart, tbere ia, indeed, nothing iculptural — nothing but 
a lon^ line of variontlj-förined munl tablets, witb mar« or leu conveutional 
nnu, and bei-reUefä, with deaigni Ikniillar to erei; esplorer of town or 
oonntry cburchet. 

Upon the lulneot of Canterburjr Catbedral — the fint and chief wbicb pn- 
lented itielf to the aiaodatäon — an able p^ter wie coramnnicated by FnrffeMor 
Willia, in wbicb he compared tbe hiitorj of the raboilding of tbe cbrnr and 
other pottioiM ofthe catbedral bv William ofSena, aßer the fire of 1174, aa 
ghen try the Monk Gervaie, witn bi* actual exaninationi, and whieh »heved 
the biat^wian to have beeo accnrate in all hia detail*. ProfeiaoT Bucklaud, 
who ÜNT ion>e Tean paat hai been frightening tbe more timid in tbe purank of 
•cience bj fbreboding» of anticipaltny eartbqoakea, and whoae blue bag bis 
beeüne to many an Mgect of aeriou« tonfnoion, £ram being tuppoted to oonceal 
poTtaUe ezpkaive oomponnda, ever attendant apon tbe profeiaor'a moreineDts, 
«onotinGed Ins belief tbat the catbedral waa in daily danger of fire, fhim the 
■poalaneoiu oomboition of tbe einvia of Mrd», of whi<Abe fa*d laen, at ona 
tune, aa many a« fiAv itane from aa many broken windowi . Mr. Anatin, the 
•nrvejor of the catbedral, natnraUj repndiated the poaiibili^ of auch aa 
e«ent ; but, what waa more to the ptünt, denied than any quantitjr of tneh 
eznTJ« waa allowed to aocumulale. Mr. Godwin, who haa for lome time pait 
tamed hia atteotimi to tbe old matonic aigna whiob eziit on bewn atoiMe, 
eihiUted copiea of a varie^ wliich he had met with in Tanona catbedrali in 
tbi* countij and on the Continent, and wbicb he had now, alao, deteeted in 
Caotertnu7 CatbedraL Tbe tnlyect ia one of conaiderable intereet, a* con- 
neeted with the orifpn of ftee-maaonij ; and aimilar marka are met witb in 
the ediBcea (^antkinitj in tbe Eaat, in atiU greater nnmben, and poaaeaaing 
grealer peenliariUea. 
AsMoa mäjmtiet, altboagh ngt of m mnoh 't—^^I*" kibnst aa tboee of 



[ ABCOSOLOtHRS AX CAjmBBDBT. 



n nUca wse abo adübitod «t difierMit timn darinif the meetings «f tta 



The dnef Üdng «ceompliihMl in &um oti^ntM«, ina tbe openiag gf tbe 
iMmWB, an B t tM a u l>awiit, and tbe beight« of Boome, commcNilf called 
BntA Dowiu, and wUch pruceailiuR« wen preladed fint by tbe ^i t ri Ua«» 
af a prnitedMooiuit of faam««, pmiooalyi^iMed in the Mune kicalitj, bf 
Wrigfat, oae (tf the moat dntiiiifDuhed and aedM memben of die ■awrifitMiii. 
and ti7 a (iMc^tian af the different kindi o( tomuli and Mnokfaral moamda, 
hy Um Bm. J. B. Dcmw, to wbich wm added a mtioe «f the Cronilecb, whieh 
mu deicrilwil m beüig the rid) man'a maaniueiLt, white the liiople waimd aC 
«rdi waa tiw grave of dw foor. " Kita Cottf Houce," where Hr. WiMt 
häa httfy been oanying an mtareatii^ excavatHU, wu alt« diaiacteriiea aa 
nonnment ; and «t the Mune me«tiag, Sir William Betlmn took 
tie« the aepolehral natuM of the Iriih rmind towen, ai eataUithad 
hgr thft kte dtKavMrr et a akeletoo in that of ArdnuMre, and whieh deduuB— 
.> ^^^ ^^ ^ ■uBort «nd ooocnnvBce of Mr. Croftoii Crokor. 



1 ktelvh 

npnkfanl 



KimenMu olHecta, «litaiaed Aöm the dUht«nt •ejmldim, were lud st wiov 
timea npon Um table ; lo that, iudeed, oa «ocn an occaüoo, a ^rmi might 
h«N biMliariMd linidf widi inanj not always aooeiüUe peinta of anti^u- 



Tbe iDoming od which the meoibna of tlie aaiociation met, eigiit milaa from 
Ouitslniy, an the Dorar raad, to witnoM the final ofmitg id fta Saxan 
gravee — tbe iqtpo' portion of which hadbeen prerioody renond — waa thraat- 
«mag, and, mc * töne, tomed to htairj lain. Nothing daantad, howerer, \j 
Hit Mate dTtfainga, airiiqDanea of bnth Mzet paliently watched the of 



■II Ihn llniiii(ilit liiiiilw Ihn niiaiiinli, iiiiihiiillj, iif imiii |iiiia fliiiai lilligiiii, 
wIk> (Mm dwelt bj the aide of a Uli, no« wood and &Uow-eocloaed, «ith oot- 
tagea and gardeni od ob« tida, and a QniMtäc-bNkiBg mill «■ the oth«, «Ule 
tbe Un itMlf, an dbet trcm the gnat line oftbe Kentith North Downa, iiada 
a nfid deeoent to • nllaga, benntfc wfaiofa flowad tbe Boirmt, par e e etÖ tm et . 

In tiw tat grtn, tte ramaini wäre firnnd of a wonnt nd lAUd, tfaer fa*d 
baen boried togetha^ and widi Aem tbeir DecUaoei of nBRtNn-eobiind beid^ 



of the AaerioaB-Indian and Oriental tiUee. A ring, and «evoal 
■ * »t«' ..... 



of no BTeat nloa wen fbwid In tbe nme psn, bot it ii to 
tha graTM at tbm rieber Sanms, lUmnnt a 



iMoti of gvod woricmanah^ especially of gold filigr««, whioh bj do bmos 
erince a low itate of the aita. ^e third grare opened wai diitingufbed fre^ 
Ae othera, by the boaes bebg in a graater State of pnetemtioa, w Iower «■- 
tremitie« bemg diiplayed, bj ezcaration, in a nearly entire cuuditiaa. ^nd> 
t igaent of hamanit]' ^peared to ezcite midi intargat amoiy many proeent. 

The foortb opened waa tha tomb of a peannt wamor. flia rtnrdy ih^ 
WiMiinl tieariy «mite, and by hii lide wai Uie bead of a ^ear, and a maU 
Htionof thefaMeofa diield,<tfthea8aa] Saum form. In tbe «ercntii, ■ knÜB, 
Ire md a half inchei in length, and at fint Mppoaed to have been a damVi 

'■ *" '" and Skt 

nüoD. Tboaa gnna wwe 
■DperBciaL and wen dinoaed, mors or leaa, etat and weet, bat *erT ki«- 
^ -ad (y the 



aUecto <if intereit were met with during tbe excavation. 

■11 iDperBcial, and wen diipoaed, Bora or leaa, etat am 

Mlariy M, and witfa tiia tttt towwd» tbe riting Min, m demanded 

Helitt-Ariäta myateriea. 



ilfmi by it> noble teaan^ tha 
futr ptDoeeded, wilh additknal (pirit, to' dreacb Downa, whera, in a portiiB 
ff tbe park attacfacd to tbe mannon, faarrowa of greder inpectance hai beaa 
eseavaüd in the ehalk, fbr n depth of about ax fast, and to witbin a few inctM 
«f the mortoary depoait. Homan booea w«Te obtained in qnaatitiea ; aad 
patienop wai fiirtbrr rewarited, by findiaff, in ose of tbem, a baaotifid Giax<n 
uro, with tbe luual lig-iag omameiit, anda imdl T o ael of gnen glaia. Oa 
1^ eontenti of tbe nrn, being iAcrwarda nplored, it waa fonnd, bawever, to 
«ontain onlv the elaap (rf a purae, whiefa bad betd no coina ; lo that froa tUt 
tnd «ther cucniMtaaoet, notwithatanding the poMtioo and tbe dipth at tha 



368 THE BRITIBH ABCH£OLOGlSTS AT CAHTKRBITRT. 

gnvca, tbey were conüdered, bj the antiqnarüs pKwnt, to bave bekn^ed to 
s poor tribe. 

A cnrioiu circtunatance ooctured, va the opeiüng of tfaes« last bairoin, thil 
a human akeleton, evidentlj belonging ta recent tünes, wu fbnnd at the top 
ofoueofthem- Dr-WillisrnPettigTewremarked, that,as theBrescbDinnuhad 
beea once the scene of ths exploits of a robber familiär to the tr»diti<mt ot äe 
neighbonrhood, thi« wa» not uulikely to be the record of aae of hii foul dMds. 
St. Bnckland attempted to coctrorert this, hv [KÖntiiig oat, that the moat tfMTfwt. 
eren ante^UIuviAii böceB, migfat someünies be in a state t^perieet fvCBerratiiai, 
which was so far trae, nben the circunntsnces cooducive to decoo^Maitiai 
were not preseat, but the; were so, in this case, the bonea heing qnite sniKr- 
fida], and ezposad to air, moiAture, and the other recognhed canaes of dnm- 
tegration, and vet perfect. The Dean of Herefbrd dso cfUled sttentiiHi to tlK 
Act of auch Bkeletons occnrriug od the SDiface of bairows, irtüch were de 
remains of socrifice* mada to the manea of tbose interred within ; but it a 
obricnu that we should, in auch cases of nearly c<Hiteniporaneona inhnniatioB, 
eipect a aimilBT, if not greater, amoont of decay to beumg to the i^tpet «a to 
the lower remains. 

A livelj discussion irose npon vaiious points of inteieat cMinected with 
these barrowa ; we will onlj notice the most strilcing. The teeth, often with 
the enamel very perfect, had the top of the crown woni down in a mannir 
which indicated a diet chieflj of peas and heana, upon which, os serenl ne- 
sent remarked, the soldieiy were still dieted, even to the latter perioda ofute 
middle ages. A second fact was the abaence of hwr, which, aa it occnn ia 
mnnunies, led Dr. William Fettisrew to advanoe an o[ünioD, that the Saiioos 
were shared lilce the Eastems ; oat notwithstanding the well-attested inde- 
Btnictibility of hair, in some cases, it is well knowQ Ihat it is, abo, cAen 
fbund wanting, on opening quite recent martuary depoüts- 

Aneqnallvcurioussubject of inTeatigationpresenteditself in thefoBÜlho&f 
of recent onein, and even living things, which were fonnd in the bamnn. 
Mr. Wiight nad described, previouslj, the existence of skulla and boon of 
nüce, with remains of seed, &c., and on the present occaaion, aimilaT nsaaini 
were foiuid, in addition to which, some common land-snailB were found in onr, 
and two live earth~worma in another grave. A communication was alao read 
hj Mr. T. Bateman, upon the diacovery in borrows in the vicinitj of Bakewdl, 
Derbvshire, of a bed ot rats' bones, a fbot deep, which prechided the aaaumntiian 
that they had found their waj into the grave. There waiadiverntyof c^mioti 
in eiplaining theae appearaoces, and which was anin retnmed to, at a later 
period, without arrivtng at anything more than a Idnd of Fickwickian deu- 
seis and lucidity. 

It may be remarked, in legaxA to Saion remains, that Sir WUliain Betlam 
took two dilferent occasions to inaiit upon the so-called kelta — Saxou hatcbets 
of stone — being adzea, or carpenters' toola, from the circunutance of one harii^ 
be«D fomid insert«d in wood. This, however, was, at the beat, a veiy indo- 
ciiive proof, for no one, because an aie was found imbedded in a tiee, woidd 
otuttrovert Üie &ct of there ever haifeg beeo battle-axea. 

Bot we must leave Itomau and Saxon antiquities fbr thoae of the mid& 
aget, fiiremoat among which stood the cathedial, already noticed; next in 
Intereat came the liue of Norman forts, which extend ttom Dover, by Canter- 
bniy Bnd Bochester, to London. All these are in, more or leai, good p n<ena - 
tion i that of Canterbury the least so ; while an eapecial exenrsion wa* made 
to that of Dover, W a small party of gentlemen and ladies, induding Sir 
Wm. Betham, Her. SSx. Barham, W. Harrisou Ainsworth, &c., and wbo were 
hosptably and kindly received by M^or Davis, the conmiandant of Dsv«r 
Cutle. The Norman keep of Dover was minutely described to the meetnig 
hj the Bev. H. Hartahorne, who coosidered it to be one of the most pa^ect 
types of a Norman castle in existence. 

, Alütlegem of these early times, which wu made the object of an eapecial 
«KcuiHOD— BarirestonChurch,excit#dmuchinterest andattentiu). Altbo^ 
u put lestoied, tbe restorMioD had beeo carried on with eo ttrict a r^gard ta 



THE BRTTIBH ABCHjGOLOOI8T8 A.T CANTEBBCSY, 369 

mrcbKological exigencea, aod m mach tbat wm nntonched (tili renuiued tot 
tke KTupuloiu üivestigalOT, tbat tbe builctio^ wu not open to much oritJcil 
detnction. As to the beantj aod perfection of the whole, uid, indeed, of 
afancMt all the detaili, there were few dissentiect vcöcm. Indeed, the uume- 
Tons dratrings which have be«n publühed, fram Gtom downwaid», give no 
id« of the Dcatneu Mid fitnew of each pwi, tnd of the consequent hurnonj 
•nd pcrfection of the wbole. It wu impowible, in contemploting lach k reil 
mrehitectiml gvm, not to feel a wüh to know wmething coacerning itt origin. 
Who fbonded it ?— wben wm it built ? — waa in everybodf 'i mouth ; bat no 
OM MUld «mwer the qneition. There exists, however, a iculptared legend 
Ol tbe uvh of the satewif, which telli, after the hnrleMDe Cunion of dden 
limei, that, like tbe bnutiful Cbapel of Roel^n, near Ediabunh, and tbat of 
St. Hubert in the Ardennea, it owet its origin to a hnnting sdventure, app>- 



nntlT an accideiit, an 
K nUaBt huDtiman is going fbrth ; in another, he ii in partuit of a hare ; ra a 
tbird, bis hoTM ha» stambled agaiiut a stone ; in ■ fourtb, a raonkey is ridiog 
home with tbebare; in a fiftb, there b a comullation being held over the 
ideotkal atone, which ia aoparentlj devoted to the foundation of a cbapel j fbr 
in another comparbnent, tlie hnnter is embracing hii lady, at the happjr reso- 
lution made ; and in the laat of the leriea, the monhey is fiddling' lor joj, at 
tbe conclufion of an inddent, to which we tntut, no donbt, attribute tbe 
bnilding of the beantiful chapel of the foreat 

It ii obrious that it is impouible for ns to notice all that wu done during a 
week'sbardlaboar; oarobjecthasbe^nsinipljtoglanceatthingiioflocalinternrt, 
and at the proapecti of tbe new and promiiing associatioti. There were many 
f/per» read, wMch, witbont wishing to tie the iHocifttion iolelj to local 
DMtteis, were certainly unmitable ; while, on the other band, there were 
many communicatiaDB ofhigfa and leanied clüracter, bat which were too strictly 
■ntiquariaii for the meeting, which, it is luppoaed, is intended to be populär 
from the mixed cboncter of the audience. The description of a ^esco or 
^temper paintlng (it was not determined which) in Eist Wickham Chnrcfa, 
led to itrj active atepa bmng taken for ita preservation. It wa* Mid, but the 
■tatement ha« nnce been contradicted, tlüt it was threatened with imme- 
(Utte destniction hy the religions MTUpl«s of the incumbenL It waa one 
«f tbe greate«t practica] adrantiffea of the aisodatioD, among whom there 
wäre thrce dean« present — reaponsible keepen of cathedral antiquities — to tbus 
allow the public feeling to be expreised on such matters. It is evident that 
we are now in the age of toleration, not of indifferenc«. Upon the suhject of 
thia painting we m» find a coraer to tay, that the seventh compartment, 
wUca tbe antbev oi the paper did not, we believe, deci^ier, was apparentlv 
tbe angel appearing to tbe ahef berd — the star being last bj part of an arcn 
wUcb CToüad tbe npfier portion. This suhject, alio, eliminated from tbe 
Dean of Uerefbrd an acconnt of the etyniolagy of " Doiue it out," springing 
aa it did from a penon of that name, who, wben puritanical zeal was at ita 
beight, particularlr distinguished himulf b; his m«rgy in wbite-wasbing old 
paintingi in our churches and cathedra]«. 



o greot was the influi of contribotioos, that loine were omitted ; otben 
wne oal y half read, and none were fully commented npon. It waa a gmt 
■Dtiqnanan t^ce. In wluch tboae who could thmw in a Word appeared to con- 
alder it eqoal to winninr a priw. Visita were alt« made to Dr. Faiuiett'a, 
tbe poaacMor of Douglas tlie antiquarian's collections, and wliich are pre- 
aarrad in a retired nlla in the wooda, looked npon with snpentitious dreaa by 
tbe peaaantry aronDd, who believe tlie ceilan to be füll of colKiit and human 
bonea. Hr. Rolfi)** collection at Sandwich was also haatily examinedi and 
ft gentleman, of eqoal taete and urbani^ of mannen — Mr. Godfrey, of the 
■ame neighbonrbood, receired and refreuied the htigued antiquaries at hia 
bonötable houie. 

We ODght not to omit that Ni. Fettigrew, lo ^stingniabed by his re> 
BcarcbM in Egyptian antiqnitiea, uuroUeo, or lather cut and clwpped to 
pieoea— ftir tbe MudagM wer« lo imprcgnatwi with bdtunwn, that tliey 



370 THE BBITIBH ABCH.KOU)GIST8 AT CAHTSBBnBT. 

«ronld not nimti — a nniminy Kt the theatre, m exhibitkn lofileta wU 
' ' 'ing infbnnktiwi fbr the remdenta, ftr wfani ' '* 



imtceediiig ms chie6f inteuded. AAer the apeniioa, the xaitlen 
ne tnnedoot tobe) «id the "um of the lady of tbe hoose, uhe 
sljf^iicalljr dcKiibed, was placed in an ereet podtkm, hu am 
Eil faoMim, Brimly soowling frcxn beneath hn güded ej^ 
mmmaiii lau» {«escnt, who ^tpeared to enjov vaüy ^ö* aap 
taee of a deoeawd Egjptian, npon tbe stage m the (^Dterfaary 
It iroaU hare been tium^ tlnt the nere fiwt of the mnooei 
ohancteroftheweek'Bracreatirai thntafiMed, so nmdi moi« frofiUUa thB 
wfaat ü always at onr ooEODUUid, wonld bave sosured the göod wiS of all 
partiet. Not lo, however, wUb the Athefwenm, wbeie then oan eus ht fu^l 
a s[nrit of dispu^an^it and detnctitm of all tbat >• meritonous and kmdlj 
in«Ant It b o^ected bj thii Joninal, that b carefnl mrvef of RooMa 
rranainsin Great&ritwn, wi]l add little or nothing to onr stock-bocA of ■njn- 
tectonl modeis, m if the stndy o( the Diaiuwn, enetoDM, &e. of W-gooc 
peo[^ hod HO otgect bnt the advancement of ardiitecture I If the WflMaa 
afibrded in loch stndiei bj the monamentB (fbr such in tbe eye of the Miii- 
aairj i» a kej, a crän, or a vaoe, btoken or whole) of ontiqnity are to be nry 
kcted, becanse Üie; do not alwajra fdmUh modeb o€ art, m the wiüiiigs of 
antiquity oo^t to be neglected, because thej do not alwa^ fumiah nodeb m 
literätore. The " stopidity that deliglita to doze" over biti of l»oken tUngi, 
is an error of escecding enUmdasm, which we ar 
n will nerer &U mto. 



J^be UlsEcT iLing-ot-arms sat tbere aide by aide witb iConge Uivoi ; amen 
arcUteoture had its Barry, Blore, Brittcm, BuTtoo, Folter, Willk, ftc; 
wimeval antiqaitiefi, its Aonesley, Ards, Batemaii, Betbun, Bindi, Bkna, 
Dawwm, Deaöe, Feirey, Faussett, Haie, iMScaon, Fettigrew, Smith, W^, 
Wrigiit, &c. ; TDeditevät aotiquitdes, its Beattie, Bannet, Oiriitinaa, Cvdk 
Ellig, HamiltiHt, Uassells, LarkiDg, Noble, Stapleton, ke. ; hiattny its Aim- 
worüi, Arden, Avrtoti, Burow, O nrniingtiam, HalHwell, Heyipood, JaMi^ 
King, Mcholi, äharpe, Tnmer, &c. ; even aculptQre W ita Westnaoatt; 
l^endarv hishW, its Barbam andCrcdurj caatiime,hs Flaneh^; andgMJngy 
ilB Buckland and König. 

It would be doing an injustice to the people of Canterbory not to notüx fte 
eiertisis which they made lo receive tbis hart irf leamed men. Tbe good* 
natnred leal of Mr. Nesme, tbe dutot ; Kid the eiertkns of Mr. Edwiri 
Plonuncr, Mr. Brent, and tbe otber aldomen and town coundlkn, iiuji ■iiiiT 
«rery risitor witb feelingi of gnUitude; and here, it ranst abo be *«*"««* J y 
■tated, tbat in point of cunrtMotDon and ganeräl srtMnity, aa wdt «• ■> tba 
grsceAil tact and good senee witb which Üieü«aident of the Anodation, Jjoti 
Albert Conyogfaam, got thron^ bis ardnoos dotiea, Dothing «o<dd hav« besä 
finind more dew^ls, more worthy of Imitation, or wUdi coald hare becn in^ 
ductire of more genentl Batisfaction. 

After such a first successfiil meedng, we can onlr say Alt Qte Biäüh 
Aaaociation of Archceokigists ponessei nnliniited pronuaes mr tbe fntsre, Mri 
emy claitn to anlent aupport. Ab an index to die popiilaT feelii^ ap^ 
arcbseokigical lubjecta, iti eiisteoce is invalutble ; aa a beld fbr |—— ■■^■■ g 
and preserving art, it is mort praiaeworthy ; and it oan ne*er &il, jndiokmdy 
manäged, to aäbrd one of the moit pleaiant week's recreatiinii Aat can ba «et 
apart frotn out of the yeor. 



THE RAT-TAT : A STOET OF THE GENTIUTIES. 

BT LAMAR BLAMCBABD. 

l^ESE u often a daep moril meaning, a psrticiilnr aocial significatioD, 
in « koock at the door. 

Tbe footnun's knock is nerer to bo inistaken ; it ü the cnl;^ thing 
ke doea llut apenka of indnetry, and an honest detenaination to eara 
kifl wages. Hanog performed the knock, it ma^ be observed that ha 
immediatelf atarta back, and bids for as advance of terms next qoarter, 
hj ^iw*'''!g down with a terrific ckitter, and astonishing rapidit^ , the 
camage-ateps. Who would coiyectare him to be " one of those la^ 
raacalfl," aa raga, hunger, and bord work, oatarallf love to call him ? 

The pOBtmao'a is as expreaaire i profuse and powerful in its procla- 
-*■*■"-. ereo to the ramotaat ckweta and caraers of the edifice. Tbe 
tiny ehimney-sweep, if tbe Act had not pat him down, wonld 
infiiUiUj hear it, thongh ok»e jammed up «t the aaot-fiUed angle of 
the third stor^. 

The reduction of tbe postman from the Tiropenny to tbe Fecnj 
would, of coorse, have reduced bis two knocks to one, as a meaaure of 
tUmtj, and aa actnuimj of time ; bot Üiat bis identitj' maBt then have 
bwn Biergfldin the general mobof knockinghnmanity — of that miaeel- 
bneODB bntoherism aad bakeriem, whose brasen thrmt is resorted t(^ 
to eke out the power of the iron instrument at the door. 
. Imkere are peopLe in London (past all donbt) wbo conld infallih^ 
distingoiBh, by deep acquaintance with the exqniaite phik)a<^hf of 
•oand, betwaen tbe knock of the income-tax c^ector, and hu wb> 
oalled to pay, with intareat, tbe long oat-fftanding acoontit— the bifl 
•renlne fire y ears. 

1^ knock of the Hitchinaona and the Wi^ipingtons, w-bom we dont 
want to see, is never reei^niaed — never explicit or intdligible. Tboee 
ftmiliea varj their knocks in the most inaidions and ^gostiiig 

The losd, kiDE, livelj knock, bordering in dnratioa and violenoe 
apon tbe footman s own, is sure to be the modest announcement of a 
geotleman }»«aeating a petition, either seatimentally on bis own 
Moooot, or iaapuduttlyon behalf of unredaimed sinners in New South 



Hw two Sharp kuocks with a soft one slipped in between — a Sand- 
wich for the ear, a perfect Sandwich in aonnd — are Cousin John's ; he 
haa alwajs an original way of his owa : aad the low, plajfbl, aad 
UEtregody protracted knock, or aeries c^ knocks, wfaicfa aeem nmning 
iBto tbe air of " Como*s lake," in Gtmlavmi, oalj apoilad as the door 
•addenly opens in the nüddle of it, ia tbe cdever perfonaanoe of Ae 
pianofiDrte'tuner. 

On the otfaer band, that dreny, peren^torj, and most unmaMcal 
ügle TKp, whtch is alwaya sure to come long before its proper time, 
ia tae knock of the printar'a deril, ealling for the artide. 

Bat akbough some people's knocka are as Bjmptomatic of them ■■ 
Aeir noaea — and, indeed, there are such things as anub-knocks aad 
fine Boman rat-tats — never were we awara nntil latdy of the eziatenoe 
of a gradaaled scale of power in the common knocker ; tliat the prin- 
cipla of gentili^ and social consequenoe was cq)aUe of beisg acea- 



372 THE RATrTAT ; A. STÖRT OP THE GENTILITIES. 

nrtelj raeosured out upon t^e firm-set Iower jaw of the griffin, wliose 
head adorns the door. lättle vaa it by iu stipposed — such vu om 
pnre unmingled metropolitan eimplicitf of mind — that the np-and-down 
moyement of the knocker could ever hy fosähiüty be govenied by tbe 
up-or-down condition of tbe Tisitor. 

To OUT tale : reminding the candid reader, bj way of moral at the 
b^inning inatead of the end, that small matters are not necessari^ 
insignificant, and that a aingle word may posaess the eJoquence of as 
onttion. A mere monoGyllsble raay tum ODt to be ft corpuleat rolame 
in a State of extreme condensation. It sbonld be the essmce of 
English — potted proee! So with the triviality to be her« recorded. 

At & Btone's tlütiw acrofia the high road from. our little study window, 
Stands, as one of a row, a genteel reaidence or asylum, sometintes for 
a Single gentleman, sometimes for a emall quiet femily, sometimes for 
a widow with a scant pension, and eometiniea for a newly-married 
couple, of course nithout incumbrances. The bouse has been, within 
a tWelvemonth'B Space — es a roving eye glancing from window to 
window, and carelessly noUng exits and entrances, might easOj dü- 
cover — a receptacle for all these. It is a genteel residence, all let out 
Xt is certtünly not " commodious," nor yet " eligible" — it ia genteeL 
AU auctiondom could make no morc of it. 

One class of the tenantry specified above— the small qniet ßunily — 
poesessed, about a twelvemonth ogo, the upper floor, or, rather, only 
the front room ; for the two children slept in it, as we knew by tbe 
Windows being always closed directly tbey disappeared in tho ereniiig, 
and were put to bed. Tbey werc exquisitely neat ; and the motber, 
though she had a serrant's work to do in addition to the niatenul 
dnties, was a pattern of cleanliness and quiet. The father of the littk 
bmily was young, and evidently engaged in some superior mechanieal 
employ. Marks of toil were on bis drees, yct bis attire was alwayi 
decent, and bis habits mu-veltously regulär. His arrivals to bis daily 
meals were as ezact as clockwork. When we heard his firm fnll singk 
knock, like the half of a postman's, we knew perfectly well that it 
was then a certain hour of the moming, noon, or eve. Nmther death, 
nor quarter-day, though proverbial for punctuaU^, conld be more tnie 
to their time. 

Attention once drawn to tbia regularity, we were naturally prepared 
to notice any Omission, and at last observed that this fall single regulär 
knock of our neigbbour's was only to be heard on six days of the week. 
On the Sunday, Äe children worebrigbter ribands, their gentle motbo-'a 
neatness bloomed into el^auce ; and for the youthful father, no sign 
of daily labour was visible on his plessing waistcoat, of the li^it- 
cdoured essentials below. He was in his best, to be sure ; bnt the 
best was good, Stultz would have stared a little perhaps ; bat do 
matter — the mechanic might bare watked nnsneekingly down Saint 
James's-stfeet. He was an honaur to his manufacturing counby. 

Bat althongh he went out and came home on the Sunday, we nerer 
noticed bis knock. IIow did fae get in ? Perhaps bis fond kind 
wife, proud of bim, and of the waistcoat her hands had ironed for 
him, watched admiringly at the window as he came down tbe road, 
and had the door open ready for him ! No. One Sabbath, aa we 
happened to glonce — and not without some feeling of respect — at what 
miist be cfilled the " gentility" of bis nppearance, he walked with an 
air of gentlemanly independence up to his own lodging>house dooFi 



THE BA.T-TAT : A BTOBT OP THB GENTILITIES. 373 

asd gave a pecnitarly smart off-hand " rat-tat-tat," as a ttüng that he 
was quite used to '. 

And we found that ho was ased to it, od that daj of the week onljl 
His Single week-day knocka continued, but with eqaal regularitj he i 

delivered a rattler on the Sunda;. On that one blessed day of the sevea 1 

— bleaaings are indeed in the poor man's Sabbath ! — he did no manner | 

of worki he was hü own master; his feelinga underwent a chaoge; ha 
could take b libertf which he shrank from on Saturdaj; he was a gen- 
tleman, and he knocked acconliogly. 

Thia practice, while it amused ua, also increased out interest for the 
quiet little family; and so we were glad to perc^ve sometime after- 
warda a mighty atir in the genteel edifice, with its äoora separatelj let 
out. The family so attached to the gentilitiea were gettiog prosperoas — ■ 
getüng on, as it is called; arnl we quite clapped our handii Joj^uUy, aa 
one morning, we saw the little ones at the^nf-floor window, trying to 
lock down, and evidently tbinking what a little way it was to the 
ground. Yes, and there too was their mother — their mamma now! — • 
gazing out at the prospect as at a noveltj, and fancying that the 6Ye 
trees opposite looked very diflerent seen from the *Äi>d-floor window. 

So it was. The brighteat ribands were now wom dail^, and the 
elegance became as habitual as the neatness. But there was anothei 
change — a change in the habits of the head of the family. Ilis ap- 
pearance shared in the general improvement, his goings-out and 
retumings were all aa exact as before; but we missed the accuatomed 
knock. Me came home to dinner as usual; but instead of cry ing, as 
was OUT wont, "It's just one o'clock; there's the knock," we wen 
sadl^ out in the time, believing that, as no such knock was heard, it 
was not so late. 

The fact immediately transpired. The firet-floor had brought first- 
floor customs, and the Sunday practice became the practice of the 
week. No more aingle knocks! We had the smart " rat-tat" every' 
day, tfaree times. There was, no doubt, a music in the repetitiona of 
the rap. They were so many audible proclamations of his advance- 
ment, of his ranking with the elite of the house. It seemed, however, 
to be the rcsult of a rule laid down hj the landlady. Farlour und 
drawing-room lodgers were to knock asthej pleaaed; but the occupants 
of the npper floor were not aUowed to put themselves on such a fami- 
liär footing with the knocker. People who are not worth a rap, are 
not expected to give balf-a-dosen at the door. It was pretty to dis- 
cover these secret lawB of gentility, and to aee bow the principl« 
worked. 

A twelvemonth passed away, and we h>st all interest in the progreai 
of the little family, whose rat-tats could have no charm, When aud- 
denly another change came. The little children were cbirruping up 
at the top-window again, looking at the &ve trees from a higher point 
once more. The mother was there also, glancing about with a rather 
disconcerted and pensive air. The proaperity had been but a flash— 
the little agency, or the advance of iocome, was too good to last — and 
the otd Upper quarters were quietly, and to all appearance contentedly, 
resumed. Tbey all seem quite cbeerful, and aruazingly regulär aa 
before. Out goes the fatber after breakfast, and back he comes to 
dinner. We now again know when it is one o'clock, by tbe koocker 
— ^ave on Sundays, when happily the spirit of independence and 
gentility stUl prevaila ib the " rat-t«t." 



THB BBTTLBBS Df CANASA. 375 

herents, bot who cairiM on a Bjstenutic faosdlitj agaiiut tlia new 



B^inniiig vith the clouds itf musqnitow, uid the whistliiig ud hUs- 
ing of frogB, the partj are soon introdoced to tbe minor inconvenieac«« 
of being tfarown into slmost iromediate conttct with natnre notaiiited 
byort, and lands onrecUinied bj man. Sven the ladies are conMitoted 
into " a female lifle brigade." The arriTii of winter was, honrerer, 
S more aerioua triaL Maij and Emma are startled an their dailj yiait 
to the cow-hoDM by a bungrj wolf^ whmt little John comes op in 
Urne to despatch. The well-diawn character of this precodons back- 
inx>dabo7, comes out m all ita force opcm thia occaRon. Harmg killed 
the wol^ he ahonlden bis rifle, and sajing, " Hfi'i dead," tnrned ronod 
and walked badk to tbe honae. 

■* On bis retun, he fomid that the paTtjhadJDit cotDabadcfromhuilingnp ÜW 
puBt, aad were vaiting tbe tMbts of (he Mi« Pemnli to go to bnakbft 
•" Wu that njD who find Jnt now, JiAnr* laiA Mutia. 
" 'Tee,' lepked JohiL 
•" Whil did jou An at ;' nid AUn4. 
-'Aiitiltt'nfMlJolaL. 
•"Awolft WhercT'nidBIr. CHDpbelL 
" ■ At the oow-lodg^' rcplicd Jebn. 
"' The eoT-lodce r nid hi* &th«. 
"■YMikilkdSüieliar 

" ■ Killed Sftoeba I Why, Ssncho wh with joai eoatUii.' 
" ' Va,' replied John. 
■" TbcB «haM ^d 7on leare them r* 

" ' MtrdÄil Hesven ! cried Hr. Campbell, ai Mn. Campbell tnrned pale, and 
Alfred, C^Hun Saclair, Hartin, and Henry, läimg their rifln, darted ont from 
the booae, and tan with all *p«ed in the dir«etion of (he cow-hooie. 

" * Hj pooT ^1* !* czclaimed Mi. CnpbeU. 

" ' WulTi deäd, falber,' laid John. 

"De^l *bf didn't yoauTK), jonnan^itjboy?' eried Mn> CampbelL 

- ' I wa«n't Mked,' replied Jobn.* 

The aame winter an Indian woman, abandoned b^ her tribe fn>m 
baring dislocated her ankle, was found in tho woods, bröog^t in, nuraed, 
and having recoreired and recedved a sapplj of prorisians, left tbon 
three «eeks aftoirards to r^cnn her fiieiMls. 

Great was the delight of Äe wbole partjr wbeit the retnra of spring 
brought with it a pleasant greeitaward, open waten, and chirping, 
twitterii^ birds. Greater exient was now givai to the faroüng operar 
tioBs ; the ikins obtaiaed in winter were sent to maltet, and staxA 
was pnrcbaaed with the prodnce of their aale ; paUsade feocea w«fo 
«rected, and mon winter-honses ; while a Üeid of maise that was Bown 
did not fail to toing down tbe bMrs. A fearfnl fire, which involved 
Blies of fwest, threatened tbe total deatroction of the neir settlemen^ 
whi(^ oalf a soddeo nia arerted ; and Ais Stimmer tbe Angrj 
finiAe makea bis first B|^»earaiwe, aecordiog to reeüred costom, ss u 
•ccidentallf dropt from a ckmd, and that, when tbe partj were iimp- 
portondy eogaged in eia m ini n g tbe atores. 

Tbe CMweqtMnca is, that on äe emuing winter, an intended surpriae 
Ij the Indiana is tbwarted hj Master Jobn, who sboots oee of tbe 
NTsges disgnised as a w<df ; bot in revenge for tbe injnry thns nnin- 
tentionallf committed, the Angr^ Snake carries off the (ecood soa, 
Ferdrsl, od a huntiog daj, when Alfred haa B dangeroos encounter 
with, and ii sererel; bit b^, ■ pumt. 



376 TBE SETTLEHS IK CAKAIU. 

As the famil^ think that tlie yoatli periahed in the snow, a&ti im 
bittemess of the loss was over, Peräval ia little thooght af tili Mdtdü 
finds a letter, written by tbe bidian woaum, who had been soocoortd 
and protected \>j the eettlers, informing him, by a series of amiuing 
hierogljphics, tbat Fercival is priaoner with the Angiy Siuke, it > 
diatance of twelve days' jonmey to fhe westwanL 

The fourth snmmer, the Young Otter, an emisaaiy of the Angry 
Snake'd, anives to negotiate the surrender of PerciTal, but he is nuäe 
a prisoner, and, in retum for this, the Angry Snake makes fuitbef 
capture of Mary PerctTol, of whom Captain Sinclair had become die 
acknowledged euitor. Incidents now crowd one upon anothet, tbe 
puTBnit of the Indians is the great achievement, crowniog other miiwr 
eventa. The following of the trail, at one moment loet by the wüy 
Indians, keeping along the coiirse of a river bed, at another by taking 
a canoe, and ooasting along, instead of orossing direct over, a hke, ii 
füll of breathless eidtement. Tlie Strawberry Plant is in all her glorr, 
and Martia and Malachi are now heroes. Little John had becn kft 
behind, but the second day of the pnrsuit, " they fand finished thär 
meal, and were sitting round the embers of the fire, conversing, **» 
calculating the probabilities aa to thetr overtaking tbe Indiana, irhcn 
Martin sprang up, with bis rifle ready to bring to bis Shoulder. 

" What is it ?" said Alfred, in a low tone, as Martin held up hij 
finger as a sign for silence. 

" There's somebody Coming thia way ; he is behind tbat large tref, 
said Martin. " I see bis head now, but it ia too dark to make oot 
who it may be." 

Aa Martin etüd this, a low and Singular aort of whistle between tbe 
teeth was heard, npon which Strawberry gently pnt down Martins 
rille with her band, saying — 

" It is John." 

It was John, and when asked how he got tbere : 

" FoUowed trail," replied John. 

On the rout«, Strawberry finds, by a broken twig, that the wonan 
tHeadly to the setclers, was of tbe party, and had left, where possiUe, 
Signals of the triül ; but, afler crossing the Iske, th^ find tlie Bwne 
female Struck down by a blow of a tomahawk, froin eospicion beiog 
excited by her morements. She is relievcd, and, recorering rapi%' 
acta aa gnide, by a nearer road, to the Indian encampment, where Per' 
dval is fonnd dressed in l^gings, and Indian shirt of deer-akiD, ctnj- 
ing in hia band bis bow and airows, and with an eagle's feather stuii 
in his hair, above the left ear. Wbat is more singuIar, afer 6" 
recapture, (os, according to our author, invariably takes place inerei? 
instance where the parties are very young,) he had fbrgotten hi' 
language and bis friends. Shortly after the rec^ture of Perciv»!. 
the Angry Snake and his followers arrive, bearing Mary Percival on 
a litter. But we must not anticipate detaila ; they are carried to ■ 
happj, eventful, and unforeaeen conclusion, and what we bave w^ 
we fe«l eonvinced, is only just eufficient to give an interest »»a 
ineigbt into tbe adventures of the Conadian settlera, and the ^erj 
nmple and yet eflectire and dramstic manner in which tbey are p«* 
eented to the reader. 



REVELATIONS OF LONDON. 

BT THE EDITOB. 



■ Doo-rAxcBK. 



Ths Rookebt ! Who that hae pasaed Saint Giles^ on the nay 
to the city, or coming &om it, but has caueht a glimpse, througn 
9ome narrow opeoiDg, of its equalid habitatiotu, and wretched 
and ruffianl; occupants I Who but must have been Struck with 
atnazemeDt, that such a huge reccptacle ofvice and crime ehould 
be allowed to exlst in the veir heart of the metropolis, like an 
ulcerated Spot, capable of tmnting the whole sjstem f <>f täte, the 
progress of improvement has cauaed its removal ; but whether 
any lesa cogent motive would have abated the nuisance, may be 
(juestioned. For jeara tbc evil was feit, and complained o( but 
Ho efibrt was maae to remedy it, or to cleanse theae woise than 
At^ean stables. As the place is now partially, if not alto- 

StCer, swept awaj, and a wide and üry street passes througb 
e midst of its foul recesBes, a sligbt sketch maj oe ^ven of its 
fbnxier appearance. 

Entenng a narrow street, guarded b; posts and cross-bars, a 
few Steps from the crowded thoroughfare brought jou into a 
fiightful region, the refiige, it was easy to perceive, of half the 
lawless characteis infesting the metropolis. The coarsest ribaldry 
assailed your ears, and Qoisome odoura afflicted your sense ä£ 
smelL Äs you advanced, picking your way through kenneis 
flowing with &lth, or over putrescent heaps of rubbisb and 
oyster-shells, all the repulsive and hideous features of the 
place were displayed ocfore you. There was something 
savagely picturesque in the aspect of the place, but its features 
were too loathsome to be regarded with any other feeling 
than di^ust The houses looked as sordid, and as thickly 
crusted with the leprosy of vice aa their tenants. Hoirible 
habitatioDS they were, in truth. Many of them were without 
Windows, and where the framea were left, brown paper or tin 
supplied the place of glasa ; some even wanted doors, and no 
efiort was msde to conceal the sqnalor within. On the con- 
trary, it seetned to be intruded on Observation. Miserable 
rooniB almost destitute of fumiture; Aooi« and walts caked with 
dirt, or decked with coaise flarioK prints ; shameless and aban> 
doned-looking women ; children witnout shoes and stockinge, and 
with Bcarcely a rag to their backs : tbese were the chief objects 
that met the view. Of men few were viublc — the majority l>eing 
Out OD bnuneBS, it is to be presumed; but whcre a st^taiy 
cc2 



BEVELATI0H8 OF I.OItIIOK. 379 

silk necVcloth, tied in a great bow, and a pair of ancient WelUng- 
tona aacending half-wa; up bis legs, whicb looked disproportion-' 
ately thin nhen compared with the nppcr part of bis equare, 
robuadoiu^ and somewbat purs; frame. His face was broad, 
jc^v, and good-humoured, wlth a bottlc^sbaped nose, fleshy lips, 
ancL light grev eyes, ^istening with cunning and ro«tery. His 
hur, whicb cUngled in long flakes over bis ears and neck, was 
of 8 dunnish red, as were also bis whiskers and beard. A 
snperannuated white castor witb a black batband round il, was 
cocked koowingly oa oae aide of bis bead, and gave bim a 
flashy and sporting look. His particular vocation was made 
manifest by the number of doga he bad about bim. A beau- 
tiüil black and tan spaniel, of Charles the Second's breed, 
popped its Short snubby nose and long silken ears out of^ 
each coat pocket. A pug was thmst into big breast, and 
he carried an exquisite Blenheim under either arm. At bis 
feet repoaed an Isle of Sky terrier, aud a partly-cropped Frencb 
poodle, of BDOwy wbiteness, with a red worsted riband round its 
throaL ThiB penon, it need scarcely be saidj'was a dog-fancier, 
or, in other words, a dealer in, and a stealer of dogs, as well aa 
a practiser of all the tricks connected with tfiat nefarious 
trade. His Bclf-«adsfied air made it evident be thought bimaelf 
a smart clever tellow, — and adroit and kcavish he was, no doubt, 
— wbile bis droll, plausible, and rather winniog mannera, helped 
liim materially to impose opon bis customers. His real name 
waa Taylor, but he was known among his companions by the 
appellaUon of Glnaier. On the entrance of the Saodman and 
tue Tinkcr, be noaded familiarly to tbem, and wlth a sly look 
inquired — " Vell, my 'artiee — Tot luck P* 

*' Oh, pretty middlin'," replied the Sandmao, gruffly. And 
seating himseff at the table, near the fire, be kicked Dp the lad 
who was lying fast asleep on tbe coals, and bade him fetch a pot' 
of half-and-balf. Tbe Tinker took a place beeide bim, and tb<ey 
wwted in silence the arrival of tbe liquor, which, when it came,' 
was dispoaed of at a couplc of pulls, white Mr. Ginger, seeing tbey^ 
were engagcd, sauntcred towards the card-table, attended by bis 
löar-footcd companions. 

'* And now," said the Sandman, unable to contro! bis curiosity' 
longer, and tjjüng out tbe pocket-book, " we'll see wot fortua* 
has g^ven ua." 

Saying whicb, he unclasped the pocket-book, whilc tbe Tinker 
bent over bim in eager curiotity. But their search for money 
was ihiitless. They examined tbe pockets, but not a single 
bonk-note was fortncoming. Tbere were several memoranda 
•nd slips of paper, a few cards, and an almanack for tbe year— 
that was alL It was a great disappointment. 

** So we've bad all this trouble for nuffin', and nearly got shot' 
into the bargin," cried tbe Sandman, slappiog down tbe book 
OD tbe table witb an oatb. " I vish I'd nerer undertakea the 
Job." 



BKVKLA.TIOim OF UMDOS. 361 

" That's a view o^ dte CMe vorthy of an Old Büley lawjer," 
refdied the S»"Hnnm. <• Wot's the gemtnan'B name ?* 

" Tbe name on the card ia ÄnaioLDABCT," replled the "nnker. 

" Aaj addresa ?" asked tfae Sandmao. 
The linker sbook his head. 

" That's nnluckj agio," süd the Sandman. ** Aic't there no 
sort o' clue ?" 

*' Noae Totiver, as I can pereeive," eaid the Unter. 
" Vj, xouDds, then, ve're jist vere ve started &om," cried the 
Sand map. " But it don't matter. Here'a not much chance o' 
Bukin' a bargam vith him. The caack o' the acull I gare Mm 
haa done his bus'Desa." 

" Nuffin' o' the kind," replied the Sandman. " He alvajB 
recovers frnu eret; kind of accident 

"AItbjb recoversr ezcUitned the Sandman, m amazement.' 
" Wot a constitoodon he mnst hare." 

"SurprisJnTrepIied the linker; "henereratiffenfrominjaRes 
— at leaat, not much ; never growa old ; and never expects to die ; 
for he mentiona wot he intends doin' a faundred years hetice." 

" Oh, he's a lu-nattk 1" ezclaimed the Sandman — " a down- 
right hi-nattic ; and that accounta for faia wiratin' that ere ruined 
house, and a-tocyin' he heeid some one talk to him. He's 
mad, depend upon it. That ia, if I ain't cared him." 
" Fm of a dijferent opinion," aaid the Tinker. 
" And so am I," aüd Mr. Ginger, who hod «iproached unob- 
aerved, and orerheard the greater put of their oiscoaree. 

" V^t vot can JOD know abont it, Ginger ?" aaid the SandmaD^ 
looking op, eridently rather annoyed. 

" I onl; know thia," leplied Gmger, " that yoa're got a aooA 
cue, aod if you'Jl let me into it, I'll engage to make aommat of it." 
" Vell, Fm agreeaUe," aaid the Sandman. 
" And so am I," added the Tinker. 

" Not that I paya much regard to wot you've bin a-readin' in 
hia papera," pursued Ginger; "the eemman'a eridently half- 
crackea, if he aint cracked altosethei^-out he'a jist the penoc to 
wmk npon. He föncies hiaaelf immortal — eh ?" 
" Ezacüy ao," replied the Tinker, 

*' And he also fändea he'a committed a tot o' murderB?" paf^ 
•oed Ginger. 

" A dräperate lot," replied the Tinker. 

" Theo hell bc glad to bay thoie papera at any price," aaid 
Ginger. " Vell deol vith him in regard to the pocket-boc^, 
MB I deala vitb regard to a dog, — ask a price for ita restitootioh." 
" We must find him out first," eaid tne Sandman. 
*• There'a no difficulty in thirt," rejoined Ginger. " Yoo must 
be constantly on the look out You're sure to meet him some 
dme or otber." 

" That's true," replied the Sandman ; *' and there'a no fear of 
his knowin* hb, for the wery moment he looked round I koocked 
Tiim on the head." 



362 BBVBLATIOMS (ff IXaiSOH. 

" Arter aH," süd the Tinker, " Üieie^s no bnndi o' &e {hk- 
fession so Bafe as yours, Gnoger. The lav is &TOfizable to vm^ 
and the bealis is sfeerd to touch you. I think I slwD tam oog- 
^cier myselE" 

"It'B a good businesB," repHed Ginger, "bot it reqoinBi 
edication. Äs I voa saym', we geta a high pnce sometiiiies ftr 
restorin* a &TOurite, especially ven ve've a soft-hearted ]a&f to 
deal vith. There's some vimen as fond o' dogs as o' their own 
childer, and ven ve gets one o' their predons peti^ ve makea 
'em raDBom it as the brigands you see at the Adeljdü ar the 
Surrey sarves their prisoners, threatenin' to send Rist an ear, and 
then a paw, or a tail, aad so on. I'll teil you wot faappened 
t'other day. There woe a lady — a Miss Vite, as was deoiente 
fondof her dw. Itwos a ugly wanmnt,butnoniatterför that, — 
the creater had eained her neart Vell, sbe lost it; and somefaow 
or other I found it She vob in great trouble, and s fiieiid 
o' mine calls to aaj she caa have tne doe a^, bot she must 
pay eight pouod for iL She thinks this dear, and a fiiend o' 
her ovm adwises her to wait^ sayin' better terms will be offered ; 
so I sende vord b; my frieod thst if ahe don't come down at 
once, the poor animars throatwill be cut that weriy nighL" 
" Ha 1 — ha I — ha !" laughed the others. 

" Vell, she eent four pound, and I put up witb it," pmsued 
Ginger ; " but about a month arterwaraa she losea b^ &voiirite 
agin, and straoffe to say I (inds it. The same game is pUjed 
over agin, and sne comes down with another fbur pound. Bnt^ 
takes care this lime that I shan't repeat the tricV ; for no sooner 
does she obtain purseseion of her favourite than she embaiki in 
the ateainer for France, in the hope of keepin' her doa safe there."* 
"OhI Miss Bailey, unfortinate MissBsileyl — Fol-de-riddle- 
tol-ol-lol — unfortinate ]Vf iss Bailey I" sang the Ülnker. 

" But there's dog-&nciers in France, ain't there ?" asked tfae 
Sandman. 

" Lor" blese 'ee, to be sure there is," replied Ginger; "there's 
as manyo' the Fancy i' France as here. Vy, ve drives aamaitidi 
trade wi' them through them foreign steameia. There's scarcely a 
Bteamer as leaves the port o' London bat takes out a cargo o' dog& 
Ve sells 'em to the etewards, stokers, and soilors — cheap — and 
no questins asked. Thcy goes to Ostend, Antverp, Rotteidam, 
Hambuig, and sometimes to Havre. There's a Mouoseer 
Coqquilu as comes over to buy dogs, and ve takes 'cm to him 
at a house near Billinsgit market" 

" Then you're alvaya sure o' a ready market somebow," ob- 
served the Saodman. 

" Sartin," replied Ginger, " cos the law's so kind lo u& Vy, 

* For ft TetiGcatioa of tfai« and levcnl of tbe euei nliaeqiiraüy mcntioiied, tW 
reader ii refemd to the ** Minntc« of EvideoM läken brfbre tlw Seleet CoountttM 
of the Hooie of CommoDt on Dog Siealiag." It ü to be bopcd thtt the ia&moM 
and QDtorioni ijatem of tbeft aad exiortioa pnctised bj IheM rogoel, ■luoet irith 
imponit]', irill be »peediljaboliihedibjidopcüig thesoggeitioiiioftheC ' — 



BBTELATIORS OF LONDOIT. 383 

bless you, a perlicetmin can't detün ob, even if he knows veVe 
a Btolen dog m our persesBion, and ve sveats it's our own ; and yet 
fae'd Btop you in a minute if he seed you vith a soBpicioiift- 
lookin' bündle nnder your ann. Now,ji8t to Bhewyou the diflfer- 
ence atwixt the two perfetäcHU :^~-l ateals a dog — walue, may be, 
fifly pound, or p'raps more. Even if I'm catcbed i' the &ct 
I may get fined twenty pound, or have siz months' imprison- 
ment; vile if you Bteab an otd fosle, walue three &rdetu^ 
youll get eeven years abroad, to a dead certainty." 

" Tbat seems nard on us," observed the Sandman, reflectively. 

"It's the £»«/" ezclwmed Ginger, triumphantly. "Nowve 
generally eacapes by payin' the fine, cos our pals goes aud steala 
more dogs to raise the money. Vc alvays Stands oy each other. 
There's a reg'lar horganization among us ; so ve can alvaTs bring 
vitneases to svear rot ve likes, and ve so puzzles the beaka, tbat 
the caae gets dismissed, and the constable says, * Vichparty shall 
I give the dog to, your voiahip ?' Upon vicfa, the beat replies, a 
ahakin' of his vise noddle, ' Girc it to the person in whose per- 
aession it was found. I have nuffin' more to do vith iL' In 
coune the dog is delivered up to us." 

" The law seems made for äog-fiiacien," rematked the Tinken 

" Wot d'ye think o' this ?" puraued Giager. " Iwos a-^tandin' 
at the comer o' Gray's Inn-Iane vith some o* my pals near a 
coach-stand, ven a lady passes by vith this bcre dog — an' a beauty 
it is, a real long-eared Charley — a follerin' of ner. Vell, the 
moment I spie« it, I unties my apron, whips up the dog, and coveia 
it up in a trice. Vell, tne lady sees me, an' gives me in 
Charge to a perliceman. But that si'nifies ouffin'. I brings six 
vitneases to svear the dog vos mine, and that I'd actilly am it 
noce it vos a blind little puppy, and wot's more I bnngs its 
tMtker, and that aettles tfae pint So in couise I'm diachwged ; 
the dog is given up to me ; and the lady goes avay lamentia*. 
I then plays the amiable, an' ofTers to eeU \i her fbr twen^ 
ffuineas, seein' as how abe bad taken a &ncy to it, but she von C 
bite. So if I don't seil it next week, I shall send it to Monnseer 
Coqquilu. The only vay you can go wrong is to steal a dog wi* 
a coUar od, für if you do, you may get seven ycais' transporta- 
tion for a btt o' leather and a brass plate vorth a shillin', vile the 
animal, thougfa vorth a hundred pound, can't hurt you. Therc's 
Jatff asain — ha, ha T 

" Uog-&ncier'B lawT laugfaed tfae Sandman. 

" Some of the Fancy is given to cruelty," putnied GiiM;er, 
** and crops a dt^s cars, or pulls out bis tceth to disguiae bim ; 
but I'm too fond o' the animal for that. I may fnghten old ladies 
someümes, as I told you afore, but I never seriously burts tbeir 
pets. Xor did I ever kill a dog for his skin, as aome od 'em doea." 

"And you're always sure o' gettin' a dog, if you vants it, I 
a'poae f inquired the Tinker. 

" Alvays, rcplied Ginger. " No man's 6jog a safc. I d<mt 



S84 aKTSLATIORB Or LOHDOK. 

enc how he's kept, ve're sure to hsve Hm «l last. Ve fceb 
our Tay «ith the sairentB, ind finds ont from tbem tbe waDej 
the master or missis sete (»i the dog, und bood sfter that Üx 
aoimal'a gone. Yith a bit o' liver, prepared in mj paiticW 
Tay, I can tarne the fiercest dog as erer M^ed, take nim oS fais 
cmin, ao'biii^ him arter me at a gallopL" 

*■ And do respectable p&rties eTer boj dogs knowin* Üteji« 
Stolen ?" inqimed the Tinker. 

"Ay, to be sore," replied Ginger, "soniedmes first-imte 
noba. "HieT put us up to it themaeWes ; they*!! say, ' I've jiat left 
■ny Lord S»-«nd-So Si and there I seed a coaple o' the finest 
pomteTS I CTer clapped eyes on. I Tante you to get me jiat aidfc 
tuudurr eoiqiie.' Vell, ve ondeistands in a minnil^ m' in doo 
(nne the identicle dogs finda their vay to onr customer." 

* (Ml ! that'fi how it's done ?" remüked the Sandman. 

" Yes, that's the Tay," icplied Ginger. " SometiiDes a party 
11 Tant a couple o' dogs for the shootin' aeason ; and then Te aska, 
* Vieh Tay are yoa a-goin' — into Soirey or Kent T And acc(»din* 
as the aoswer is given Te airanges oor plana." 

"Vell, youm appears a profitaUe and safe enx^tfymeat, X 
BiQst say," remarkcd ihc Sandman. 

**PeTfectlT so," replied Ginger. "KoÜiin' can touch os tili 
dogs is declared by Statute to he property, and ^ealin* 'em a 
miademeanour. And that won't occor in my time." 

" Let's hope not," rejoined the other two. 

" To ooine back to the pint firom rieh we atarted," aaid the 
Hoker; — "our gemman's case is not so snrpri«n' as it at firM 
^ipeare. There are some persona as belieTe they oever will die 
— and I myself am of the same opinion. Tho^'s oor old deputy 
bere— him as Te calla Old Parr, — vr, he declarea be liTea in 
Queen Bess's time, recollects King Charles bein' beheaded per- 
fectly Teil, and rememberstbe Gteat Fire o' Londcm, asifitoofy 
occQTTed yesterday." 

" Walker T ezclaimed Ginger, putting big fingei to bia Doee. 

" You may Xaxi, but it's tnie," replied tbe Tinker. ** I recoUect 
an old man teilin' me that he knew Uie deputy sixty years ago, and 
he locAed jist the same theo as now, neitheroldernoryounger." 

" Humphl"ezclaimed Ginger. "Hedon'tlook so old now." 

**Tliat8 the cur'ouaest part of it," said the Tinker. "He 
don*t like to talk of bis age unless you can get him i' the bumoor; 
but he ODce told me be didn't know why he liTed so lon^ tmless 
it weie owin' to a potion bc'd swallowed, vich his master, who 
was a WjKaS. conjuror in Queen Bess's days, had brew'd." 

** raiaw V ezclümed Ginger. " I thought you too knowin' a 
COTc, Tinker, to be gulled by such an old-^e's story as that," 

** Let's bare the old fellow in and talk to him," replied tbe 
Tiaker. " Uere, lazy-bones," he added, ronaing the aleeping 
youtb, "go an' teil Old Parr tc Taols bis Company orer a ^asi 
v' ruittW^-vater." 



THE KING'S SON. 



KT CBkULKa HACKAI. 



** War w (onowfkl, mr MO ; 

Wby M iwlUd ud aHtnti'd? 
'Wity that kxA m iroe-beg«M? 

And thit hMTiDf of tb« btCMt? 
HMt not v«alth «Baagh to qwid 

On the ioji thoB loren bcM 7" 

** I ha,ve iTMlth (ooagli I« neod — 
AU thj JcireU ud thj cold, 

All tlut nniran coold lend, 
Piled Mbre mc, fiftj-bU, 

Coold not « 
TJiU«c 



*• Conld not eiw tbee of tb; p^ t 

Art llion loDging tot tbe honr 

When thjr nie iIibU c«m« to idgn, 

' And ibioe eaemie« duUcowcr? 

Ak thon louging fbr nj erown. 

And m7 iceptTB ind mj power?" 

** Ho ! — I o«re rot Tot thy crown. 



And hut «liBBgcd m; Ion to luM. 

" Thon haM dooe ma morttl vniag — 
Tboo, «o fecUe, oU, a&d gttj— 

Thon, M «eak, «hilit I mm lUoDg, 
Thoa ba« ttdcn n j bride swa j. 

And art riTal of tby aoo, 
In th« waniDg of Ih j da; : 

** Art the iitbI of thj icn 

For a (oaid that he adorcd ; — 
Baal her troMiBg hearl nndooc. 



" Bat «ka hale« tbet at do I, 

O thon niit opos the tteel I 
O thoa «lood qwp the ik j I 



•* Who hut ebaagcd onr Joj to woc, 
Brioging hUght opoD her beart, — 

Arioging lean that aa dw; flow 
Born tbe ejebalU «her« tbcf itar 

Bntng BeantT fbr a pricc, 
Qke aj«*el In ihe mart 



"Bnving Betnty for a priet, 

'Wben tbe prioeUai gern wai minc : 
When th; blood ia «old ai ioe, 

" rann wilh Iotb Dor wine, 

ily to be ;oona, 
to kneel *t Beautj^a abiln» 



Äöd to 



Aod to «oo with flattering tongnc, 
Whtn for Jemt' Mward *ake 

Tfaou ibonldM maXe th; praM «itfa Ood 
Etb the gnve thy bod; take 1 " 

Fiereely flaih'd the old king*! eye — 
To hia rorehead rath'd tbe blood— 
And tbe reins were ivoUbd high 



Bat bi* tongne t«fiued to tpeak 
AU tbe madneai of bit brain ; 

From bia ejei it aeem'd to reck. 
In hia Itpa il earrd in pain ; 

In eaoh (eatnre of hi« face 
Swetl'd in anger and diadaio. 



Falling, eoaqoer'd b; bia Iräv 
Seaaaltaa an tbe groond he !■;, 
Stnck bj apopUz; dire. 

O'er him bcnt hia lorrowing bob, 

Weeiüng tea» of bitter woa, 
For tbe ill bi> voida bad done 



On hia kneaa, aa on a bed. 

And tili nuxoor came, aüD gaied 
Oo that pvonUitorted ebeek, 

Awcä, rcmonaflil, and anaied. 



Awed, n 

Bnt irith eoiuvge caln and kind, 
To hia wraeb hb nr« he bore, 

Dccp repentanee in bl( miad ; 
And for many a wear; daj 

Watch'd hun, patieol and mign'd. 



PAISTING AND DESIGN.' 

*' What are these marUea remaAable for?" said a respectable gentle- 
man at the UuBeum, to oae of tbc attendanta, after looking attentively 
round all the Elgin marblea. 

" Why, MT," said tb& man, witb proprietj, " bccause tbej are so like 
Kfe!" 

"Like lifeT repeated tbe gentlemaa witb tbe greatest contempt— 
" Wby, wbat of that?" and walked awaj. 

If we are to believe Mr. Haydon, tbu wortb^ geatlönum must bave 
boen a Senior Kojal Academician ; some contemporaiy or fullover of 
Beynolds, who sud, " It is better to divenif/ our parüculara froQ 
the broad and general idea of things, than vunlj attempt to asccnd 
from particulan to thig general idea;" — in fact, to form a general and 
Iroad idea of natura and Ufe, and then to coodescend to study tbe 
detülB b; which such manifest tbemselres. Wbat progreaa could 
philosopbj ever have madc upon such prindplea; and wliat could bave 
been expected of painting under sucb tuition? 

It wonld be a pnifound egotism ou tbe part of Mr, Hardon, if he 
were to clum to binuelf tbe sole credit of having advocated and intro- 
doced carrect principlea of art into tbis countiy : it came bere witb 
the pressure from witbout. Long ago adopted on the Cootinent, it 
came as a natural sequence of interaatioDal communication, wbere, qt- 
poscd t'or a time hy the great portrait paintere of the day, ita triumpb 
was BtiU sure and certain. Wilkie dissected under Cbiu-les Bell with 
Haydon, but Wilkie contented himaelf with applying tbe principlea 
tbns gained at the fountain-head of all knowledge — Intimacy with 
details, which can alone lend bcddneas to the hand — while Haydon, 
&om a pecnliarity of mental Constitution, rushed into the Ij&ta of Oppo- 
sition, and willingly sougbt and gained martyrdom in the cause of art 
refonnatioa. It ia hard to be in the right, and nevcr to bave it 
mllowed; and it is equally hard to aee principlea we have always 
sdrocated, ultimately take the ascendant, and to remember tbat we 
have toiled without revrard, and suffered withont relief, in tbeir cause. 
But thia only shews that it is wiser for genius to prove ita superiority 
by ita works, than by its argumenta. Thia was Üie manncr in nbitii 
Byron proved to the Edinburgh reriewers, tbat he waa a poet. 

Wilkie, Edwin Landseer, Eastlake, Mulready, Lance, Collina, and 
a hott of othera, have worked on the principlea advocated by Burke, 
Haydon, and cthcrs, of drawing with an exact knowledge of the 
anatomy or atructure of parts. Public competition, as opened by her 
Mi^esty*« Commisaion of Ftne Arts, and, it is to be hoped, by tbe 
Art Umon, offers fields tndependcnt of, and equally bonourable with. 
the acqutescences of an Academy, even if all ita members Iiad con- 
tinued in their preference of colour to ciArect deaign; and we have 
now a oommiBaiiHi for the improvement of deaign in manofacturea, 
■ad it ia to be hoped we sball soon bave a scbool of deaign, aa applied 
to art generoUy. 

Reynolds n-as of opinion tbat art would riae to its greateat glory in 



^8 PAisTiifa AHD DEsnur. 

England, «td Haydon, w)u> is a generoiiB critic, eajt, "1 know do 
gl(H7 to wbicli it can rise, where hü geniua will not be feit." West 
Said, he knew no people, since the Greeka, wo CKpable of carrTii^ it 
to the greatest excellence. And Richardson nid, " I am ao prophet, 
aar tfae son of a prophet, but if ever the great, the beauttfiü, aad 
grand st^le of art revives, it will be in England;" to which, witli bia 
customary enthtmaam, Haydon adds, " Staj in Britain aQ je iriio 
gloTy in enterprise ; staj in Britain, and make her greater dian ItaljP 

Ererjr painter haa hia bean-ideal in art. ReTiii^da had täs Wiehael 
Angelo ; Haydon haa bis Fhidias ; and far be it finxa ua to detiact 
from the extraordinär; tnerita of tbe so-caOed Elgiu marbfes; bot we 
donbt verj mach if the Greefcs were aoquainted with human anaunt j. 
Mr. Haydon argues thia question at length, in the affinualiTe; aöd 
yet hiB condusions are singular, for he almost admits that the a ui geoM 
of Greece were not, aa is generally adnütted, tül Galen's tim^ 
acquainted with human anatomy; aad yet, from a passage of H^ 
pocrates, in which that great man eayB that anatomy behmga leas to 
the medical art, than to the art of design ; he believes that the adonier 
of tiie Parthenon was acquainted with anatomy, while tfae ""^fffirt 
medical men of andquity were in ignorance thereof. la it attariy 
imposHble for art to have moolded the back of Tbeseua, or tbe Toas 
on Neptone'B breast, withont a school of anatomy? Is it not oftea tfae 
provinco of geniug to seize npon thoee facta which are only m^ 
thodically classed ages afterwartb ? IKd not all the great m«atera at 
&e middle sgea, Michael Angelo, l^tian, RaSäelle, Corrf^gioy Riibai% 
and Vondyke, master the human head befbre the great prindplea iqxn 
which alone Üie Standard of perfectioa, in Ihis most beaudful portioBof 
the human flgure, the mOBt important and the most inteUectnal, eren 
as now advocated by Haydon, were discovered ? 

But admitting, as is now dooe by all unperrerted judgments, that 
correctneas of design is esaential to a high school of art, and that sodi 
correctness can only be obtdned by a study of nature and of detail^ 
still we donbt very much if either art would be advanced or benefited, 
or even if it is possible to establish a tttmdard of periection in the 
human form. " The exertions of painters and scalptors," aays the 
anthor of " The Studies of Nature," " in general do thcm macb 
honour ; but they demonstrate the weakness of art, which &ll8 belo« 
aatnre just in proportion as it aims at uniting more of her hannmies.* ■ 

Such B Standard wonld inevitably require to be modified with die 
qualities to be represented. Thus Haydon himself very truly pmats 
out that the muscular division of the arm in heroes of antiquity, bofa 
Btrong and high-bred, is atringy, oeat, and elegant, and qmte difiereat 
^m that Tulgarity of a paviour's or bbcksmith's aims, with wUA 
Michael Ajigdp, whose anatomy was always excessive, gifted bis 
Moses ; and yet such a design, unfit for an Achilles or a Thesen^ 
would be quite correct in a Hercules — indeed, we see it canied to ila 
extreme in the Torso. 

Comparing the position of the eyea in man and in quadrapeda, 
h is found Üiat in man they are generally at the centre, whÜe those 
of the quadruped are above the centre ; henoe Mr. Haydou adiftta 
dna as the principle for a Standard head, but there have been exc^ttioas 
to this rule— Hippocrates, Soerates, Bacon, Buchanan, and Sir Waller 
Scott, had thelr eyes bdow the centre. The Standard ia not, d 
applicable in painting high intellectual character. 



?AIVTDIQ AVD DBHQir. 889 

Agün, tl>e rtKdurd of form in the htmi. iteelf woold not «ppl; aUks 
to a So«mdea mA ft Nero» do nKm than the bum otmloor <^ &oe 
wooU ^^7 to a Diana aaid a Niobe. In such casea, aa in all olhen^ 
art nmat be ngulated by Um cloaest poasible atu^ of nattne, and not 
of an fi-<Mf***i, ftxed, aäd arbitraij staadard; and it ia by sncb avniai 
of natore witb th« ideal, tbat higb ait will achiore perfectitui.* 

It iB a pleaüng aul^ect of oontemplation to find Üiat in theaa 
laetuioa upon the all-iniportanca of design in painting, tbe baaia 
nfoan upon ■ aonnd doctiin«, aud tliat it embracee at the oaaet, liie 
Tf^-*'-g perfiection of knowledge. Mr. Haydon'a anatomy ia not the 
•upormal aoatomy admitted by many ; it ounpriaes tbe anatomy t€ 
taapKtaäoa aa firat giren to the scientific wwld by Sir Cfaaries BeQ* 
and tb«M physiological theoriea for the pecnUar fonnatioa oi the 
human bead whidt ai« beoonöng daily nwie aooepted by rialng 
anatomiata. The prindplea, theräiffe, advoeated by Hr. Uaydm, 
however mach they maybe eab9eqnentlyextendod,are likdytorenunn 
in their Blementary oonstitutioii, as stable aa the &iexe of the 
Parthenon itadf. It ia carious, hoirever, to remark npon otbtr 
pointB, how often he who ia coaning of fbil and foDce ia ineompetent 
wheo thrown upon tüa own resourcea ; bo long aa Mr. Haydon ia on 
the o&naive, he is eparkling and brilliaBt, bat like many oäiera, when 
he hat to remgn acUon for deed, he ia much leas aueceesfiil ; take fbr 
example hia definition of compoeidon aa " the art of arranging tfae 
quantitiea compoaed trf the parte, which make np the materiala uaed to 
oonvey to tbe mind, throngh the eye, the atory intended." Waa erer 
anythtng leaa felicitoualy expreaaed ? Much more agreeoble ia the 
foUowing : 

" Let your colonr be exquiaite, let yoor light and ahadow be perfect, 
let your expresaion be touching, let your forma be heroic, let yonr 
linea be the terj thing, and your subject be fall of action ; you will 
misa the aympathy of the world, you will intereet little the bearta of 
moukind, if you do uot lay it down aa an irrefutable law, tfaat no 
composition can be complete, er ever will be interesting or deserve to 
be praiaed, that has not a beautifiil woman, excepting a series." How 
amnaing, too, hia remarks upon what he calls " amiable impostora in 
genius," men always going to do great thinga, but never doing them I 
cbaractera we meet vrith every day in dl departmenta of human 
4 laboor. " I have known men who never began, and yet were monüj 
BiDcere in their ietentiona to begin, and yet they have died sctually 
without bc^inning ;" and who haa not known such, and is not he the most 
auocesafulanthororpaiDterwbosappUea thepabolum for minda ao oon- 
stituted ; who enable them to «y, " Thia ia what I ahall do wheD I 
take np the pen or tbe pencil," or to mutter, with pleaaing aelf* 

* Ccrtain gtatftX aad incoetrorenEbl« principla mij be obtained, at Tib, 
Hav doB hai Lud dovii, from m compariioa rf man with th< brate t bot Ihete pria- 
dplM do BM coDititala a itandvd mao — an idea wbith eoneratralM in one tha 
pärffletion «f nany am, anil not point« at tapnioritj or oT ^inction bMwMB 
Man aod broie. Hr. Hajdon, ve obMTTc, (aria hu itandard ta mit the SMea- 
ritiet of tbe nhjecL Tbe principlci opou which it ia cooatnieUd may, thereforc, 
be htUtpDiddT eonect ; aod jet the raalE guddI be calied a itaadara, nnkn we 
read Iket vofd in ihenieaBingof anaotboriialinfbet, lo&r ai it goeti bat DOta 
flKt ftied aad naalteraUe, aa a ateel jatd in a tavn-haU. That man haa a btoad 
bn e e fan, aad a qaadnifed a aam* one, ii an iocontroiertible &et i bot a broad 
paD-bön« IM nore cooMiint«« • daadard mao, than doe* > high forehead, abaent is 
the bratet tbe aiaadard «onld, in thU caae, be the ptrfeetion <rf the knee m bre- 
baad in Haa, aa ouaipaicd «Ith oiher awa. 



A JAR Or HONET PBOX UOTTHT HTBLA. 391 

no more ; jou have said too mucfa alreadj of its wonderfülness — ^too 
much of tbe sweetneaa snd bean^ of its pröductions." Too much, we 
«re of opinion, cannot be said of an; marvel in natnre, unlesa it be 
trivial or false. The cid prosatcal Charge agaiiist hjperbolical pnüses 
of the beautiful, we hold to be naiight. Aak a lover, and he will say, 
wad BKjr trulj, tbat no human terms can do justice to the sweetness in 
his migtreBs's eye« — to the virgin bloom on her cheek. If worda 
coold equal them, Nature would hardly be onr superior. Hear what ia 
aaid on the point bj that genuine old poe^ Eit Marlowe ^— 

cubcld, 

ir mutei't IhooghU, 
Aod CTcrj tweMaen that inipirtd their hwfe^ 
Their miod«, and aiiiwi on »dmiicd IhonM ; 
If all the hrnnaij qniiucMcnea thtj (tili 
Prom didr irnnrät«! flowen otpottj, 
Wbcrcio, at ia a minor, we peroeive 
TbcU^wMreaehMof abimisn wit; 
If thcM had «ade one'i po«iii'a period. 
And all eombined m beaul;'* vortbiocM, 
Yet ibouM then horer in thdr rMtl«u bcadi 
One thoQ^tt, one grace, one wonder, at the l«a«t, 
Whkh ioto wordi no Tirtne od digaL" 

TAiraiTBi.u)n, Fint Put ; aet v^ uen« 3. 

Did any one erer eufficiently admire— did he, indeed, ever notice — 
the entirt ekgance of the habits and pursnite of bees ? their extracUon 
of nothing but the quinteasence of the flowers ; their prefereace of 
those that have the finest and least adulterated odour ; their avoidance 
of everything squalid (so unlike flies) j their eager ejection or exclu- 
üon of it fram the hive, as in the imtance of carcases of intmdem, 
which, if they cannot drag away, they cover np and entomb \ their 
love of dean, qutet, and delicate neighbourhoods, thymy places with 
brooki ; their aingularly clean managemcnt of so liquid and adhesive 
a thing ad honey, from which they issae forth to their work as if they 
had nothing to do with it ; their combioation with honey-niiking of 
the elegant nianufacture of wax, of which they make their apartments, 
and which is used by mankind for none but patrician or other choicfi 
purposes ; their orderly polic? ; their delight in sunthine ; their atten- 
tion to one another ; their apparent indifference to anything purely 
regarding thcmselves, iqwrt firom the common good? A writer of 
elegant Italian verse, who recast the book of Yii^ cm Bees, has takea 
occasion of their supposed dialike of placea aboonding in echoet, to 
begin his poem with & pretty conceit. He was one of Sie flrst of his 
Gountrymen who ventured to dispenae with rhjrme; and he makea the 

bees themielves send him a deputation, on purpoBe to i 

trat to use it : 

" Uentn na per eaaiare i veetri doai 
Con ah« rime, o Tcninetta eatte, 
Vagbe aageleti« de b erhoee rift, 
Pmo dal «OBBO in ml tpnnlar de 1' alba, 
M'ajmarre an com de Ia voMra gern«, 
E da ia Sngaa onde ■' accogUe U male. 



feuMono in omBn voee e«te parc 
qnrto aaiico, cbe dopo mill' a 



tlit^ jEJfc'flit 



,^ ttu laue Upae 

«•KT'!«, dou ^eu« tboe äng 
„jHPt ftn, Ire priy thee, rhfine. 
" *^:iaiiig Doue. Füll well 
^inbl« Toiot wfaidi dte 
_ _k;, Ecbo I7 nuie, 
'Mft' !^ thon knov'rt— 
juahc, wbo vu henelf 

I, ^01im«ae-«r At dwcUi, 
liaMtnddreid 




M, that tlid t^pen here alluded to, are 
'^n. RnodUi vu « Hummn of the 
lea Leo and Qentent ; aad hü first modo 



«1^ 



ff 



A JAm W BOHBT TBOM MOUHT Wntt.Ä. 393 

of bespeaking favour for bis beea, ms b^ aasodatäng them with the 
offic«e of the church. Beauüful are tboae tapers, withont doubt ; and 
well miffbt tbe poet expreai bis admiratUm at their beiag the reanlt of 
the work of the little imcaaacioua inaoct, who compoimded the materiaU 
So^ in evei? wealth/ house in England, every erening, where lamps 
do not toke its place, the aame beantiful Bnbstance is lit np for the in- 
matea to sit hf, at ibäi occupaüona of reading, or rnnfflc, or disconne. 
1h» bee is there, with her odorons ministiy. In the mornii^, Bhe has 
probabty been at the breakfast-table. In the moming, she ia honer ; 
in the evening, tbe waxen tsper ; in the sammer noon, a Toice in the 
garden, or the window; in the winter, and at all other times, a meeter of 
US in books. She t^s Greek to ns in Sophocles and Tlieocritus ; 
Virgil's Teiy best Latin, in bis Georgice ; we bave just heard her in 
Italian ; and beaides all her charming aasociationB with the poeta in 
general, ose of tbe E3iaabed>Bn men has Bude a wiiole plaj ont (rf ber,^ 
«pla^inwhichtbewholeilraMttfisjMnoNaarebees! Asd a Terf aweet 
perfoniUMee it ia, aoomdiag to Oiariea I^onb, who was not lavisb ti 
mm pt^se. It wae written bj Thomas Daj, one 4f the feUows t£ 
HaMinger and Dedco-, ud is calied the ** Pariiament ctf ßees." Laaib 
liaa giTcn extracta from it, in bös Dramatic Speehneos, obai^vingi in • 



trayed thronghont tbe wh<^ of this curions old drama, in words w 
bees would talk with, conld they talk : tbe very air seana replete with 
him-iming and buBing melodiea wbile we read thetn. Sorely bees 
were nerer so be-rbjmed before." (ToL iL Moxon's edition, p. 156.) 
Wonld to beaven that a horrid, heaf^-beaded monster caUed Hepatitis 
— irbo has been hindering ns firom haring our wa; of lat^ In the most 
onaeasonable manner, and is at this minnte clairing onr nde and 
Shoulder for onr disrespect of bim, would have allowed ob togo to the 
British Mnseum, and read the whole plaj for ourselTeB. We migfat 
liave been able to give the reader some pleasant tastes of it, beddes 
tfaoM to be met with in Mr. Lamb'i book. Hie fbllowing is a specimen. 
'itl""^«! a female Bee, is talking of her lovers : — 

"PkUon.mBMi 
Wall «kiird in Tcnc mnd unonni« poetry, 
As «eba*eMt« ttwoA, ieAtmememt, ' 



WbiA I D*"« Miadad. Attnjlhi, B 

(Akboa^ not ta poeücal ■• b«) 

let iB liii foU iBTtntioa quick and ripc. 

In wammn «rcniui on ha «ctl tnned ppc 

CWn a mmiAm« MM«» n (k «M. 

(0«r Ure bring ek« sacpt aod «or d^a mrk dom 

WoaU pkr •• twcDty teaaral toMa ; yet I 

Nor miaded Astiapbel, nor fak melodj. 

Tben thara'i Amniln— fbr wboaa ktre <Ur Lcada 

(TbatpMtf Bea) llira np and down Aesaad 



A JAH Or HONET TBOH HODNT HTBLA. 395 

awkwardness of the ui&Iogj. Auuredly we should find no Aldi- 
bishop of Cuiterburj now-ft^ays orgning in the ityle of bis pre- 
deceasor, ia the pl»y of Heniy the Fifth : — 

" So voikthiboniybeai 
Cnalur««, thit, bj a nie ia nainre. tcaali 
The tri 1^ Order toapeinihdkincdoaL 
The; h«ie a king. and cAecn «Tfort«; 
Wbna noii, like magtitntci, eorreet u bome ; 
f>lli«ii. lilii MiiiliMili. imilim liailiiatiiiil. 
Othm, like Midien, amM in their itiwi, 
Makcbooti^OD IheaDininer'aTdTei btia*i 
Whieb jnllage the;, vhb inerrT mareb, briog bome 
To tb* tenl-rojral m ibeir onperor i 
Wlto, baattd ia hk M^e«^, «arte;« 
Tk w^nj aoMMi Aaäifiv roq/* ^ yoU I 
Tke etnl eiliaena kneadiag np tbe haatji 
The poor meehuk porter* orowdini in 
Tbeir bcav; bnrdcu at bit narrow «te i 
Tbc Md-eycdjoitice, «itb hn torl; tiam, 
DrliTering o'er to axecsUin pala 
Tbe laiy jawning drone." 

AUs ! in Bee-dom, t&e arcfabiahop bimself, inasmuch aa %e was na 
wax-chandler, woold hare bccD acconnted one of tbeae same laz^, 
jrawniDg drones, and delivered over to tbe secular arm. Bees do not 
tench men, nor ougbt they. We have aome higber things among ua, 
eren than vrax and hone; ; and thougb we bave onr fiawB, too, in tha 
art of goTemment, and do not jet know exactly what to do with tbem, 
we hope we sball find ont. Will the bees ever do tbat ? Do tbey also 
hope it? Do tbey ait pondering, wbcn tbe massacre is over, and count 
it but a bungling way of bringing their accounts rigbt ? Man, in hia . 
aelf-lore, langha at nach a fancy. He ia of opinion tbat no creaturo 
can think, or make progression, but himgelf. Wbat rigbt be bas, from 
his little experience, to conie to such concloaions, we know not ; bnt 
it must be allowed, alio, that wo know as little of the concliuiona of 
the bees. AU we feel certain of is, that with bees, as with men, tbe 
good of existence far outweighs tbe eril; that eril itself is but a rough 
working towards good; andthat if good can ultimatcly be better with- 
out it, tbere is a tliing collcd hope, whicb saye it maj be posaiblc. Wo 
take onr pbmet to be very yaxrng, and our love of progression to be one 
of the proofa of it ; and when we tbink of the good, and beauty, and 
love, and pleaaore, and gencroait}', and nobleness of mind and imsgina- 
tion, in which tbis grcen and glorions world is abundant, we cannot 
but conclude that the lov-c of progression is to make it stiU more 
glorious, and add it to the number of thoae older stars which are pro- 
babij reating from their labours, and have become heavena. 

We iiad hopcd to conclude tbia article with a paaaage or two from 
an adrairable book just publisLed, called "Yestigea oif the Natural 
Hiatoiy of Creation." We know not the author, and must not seek 
to know, for he intiniates that he wisbea to remain concealed ; but we 
eameatlj reconunend it for ita bcnignity, modesty, and profundi^, to 
all wbo ever speculate on the origin of themselves and their feJlow- 
creatures, and wbo cannot contemplate the emallest being in the 
umvcrsc without rising into thoughta of the greatest. 



«ppodM vdi; ttkd it was in oue of these tiut the concml wM etutryiag 
«n bis opantioofl, bot withoot ai^ mcocaa, or aay olg«cta beb» met 
«ritfa dwt iodiG«t«d tbe aepnlchnl chanctar oC th« moBimicnt. It Iws 
tMaa ■dnaoed «ith mbm d<^me of }m>b«hifit7', thtt thw ii tbe mmao- 
ieam of tbe Satptnx Jnliü, wboK renuuiu mre bnmgbt from the 
flald afdat^hter, on the boaks of the Euphnrtes, tothiscitr; bvtthe 
Bomuneat appeüed, £ram ita genenl ■imphcitj and rüde mrucUne, te 
bdoi^ to • man remote lutkiiiitf; and it might abo be aahed, Ü 
aepaldml, why ahould there be two is^ted manaei within the m- 
4doeuTe? Ibia a&cieiit min atood in a pictttreaque aitiuitioa in the 
«ooda, ontaide of tbe exiatmg town. 

The maUriB of the eonntr; ratumed npon ns at Tonw; bnt tUe 
äid not prerent an exconioci to the &lla of C^dniu, a wooded, rocky, 
•nd pie tnr ee qu e apot, dxwe by vbicb ia a gröttcs me of tbe many in 
Antäür Aaia, to whidt tlie medi»Tal legend of tbe Seren Sleepen is 



Fraoi Tarana we adranced into the wooded and hilly diatricta en 
the •onthern alopea of Tannu. We entered into theae by low, undo- 
htii^, naked luUa, of anor-white gypaum, whi<^ led the way into 
«pen, graaay, and nncnitiTated Tolleys. llie aeoond ränge we ar- 
rired at woa higbar. wooded in parte, and in part cnltiTated, wüb 
intcniiened villagea. The tbiid ^>ag^ still in the ascending aeriea, 
ms oonpoaed of aandatonea, which were remaikaUe fbr bdng dirided 
into ptAjgfuul maaroa, like m teaadated paveaient; and atiU more ao^ 
fruoB oootaining nnnMrona fbasU ojstera of a giganüc üae, being fnm 
« foot to fligfateen incbea in breiidth, and ä freat we^t. Paaaing 
aereral Tillagea of Tnrktnuuu, we anived at a fonrtb and mora eztot- 
aive hilly diMriet, od the aammit ot which we found a Romoa arcb, 
aad tbe fragmenta of a aanxqthagna, and doae by, the traces of an 
aadent canaeway, which led firöm Tüaua to the CiliciBn gates. Tbe 
«oontry after tlua aasumed a more Alpine aapect The Valleys wera 
narrow, and broken np by romtded hills, bearing casteUated boilding^ 
or coTered wilh b«öa and shmbs, while naked rocks towered np 
beyond in perpendicoUr predpices numy hundred feet in height, the 
enge above wlücb were dotted witb stiüdy pine^treee, breaking tbe 
BonotOOT of the wide-spreading snow. 

At lluzarink we entered » narrow aad pictureeqoe pasa, having 
pnpendicnlar ctifia on oor left band, in whieh were numeroiis sepnldind 

Ctoes, whence ita TurkiBh name, and Beveral tabular inscripticHiB no 
er l^ble. In the glen below we aaw aereral fbicea, and aquirrda 
wera pbying in tbe treea about. We posaed tho night at the village 
«f Boetan-lä Kxi, aitnated in a wood upon the hill stde, and the next 
moming the baggage baving been aent down the Valley of the rivnlet, 
iriiich iowa ont a£ the Golek Boghaa, with Orders to stop at th« flnt 
«aiSTanaendt we proceeded np the valley to the sonth, to risit the 
lead-miBea, the woila at which had been lately reaasnmed by the 
peaha, nnder the anperintendenoe of a Piedmonteae; bnt were^ aa yet, 
in a Vary iadpient atate, and had not extended beyond tbe ereetion of 
fnmaMe, and the Separation of useleas matten from the resnlta ef 



The rcaident direotor afterwards accooipanied ns over the hiOa, bf 
dte Ibot of a loffy Castle, which domineers orer tbe namweat part of 
dn Getek Bogbie or Cilkian gatee, to tbe cntrance into tbia aneient 



" WINTBB VAXDEBIHGS." 399 

waa pMMnted to os, of the whole extent of the Cüicün plains, wtth 
the 8» bejond, Cjpnu iakoded om its fu-«ff bowmi, and itself ekirted 
hy loftjT Amanns, wilh tbe isditecl peak of Moimt Ciuiiu leading 
aww lo the indiBtiiict oatUne <tf diatant Lebuion. 

The foUowing day, white the remainder of the part; were getting 
nadj, the oolonel and mfielf went oot to trj the troods for gome, in 
dcMHg which we got oat of the proper diräction, and thiu loet our 
horaes, and the ever-Yanighing commissariat; nor ^ we rejoin them 
and the rast of the party, tili three dajB* long and devions wanderings 
along the foot of Tauroa, brought os to the andent Armenian and 
patriarchal town of Sis, where we fonnd them located in aafe and snug 
qoaiten. 

The ennnng morning, the eolonel and njuÜ started northwards 
into the monnUins, lo viait an old caatle, called Kara Sis, or Black Sia. 
We advanced l^ a hiUy and wooded counti; to some hdghts, on 
which was the village, caUed Yedeali, abont eix miles from Sis. 
B«7onii this Ute coontrj became iir^nUrly mountainons, and veiy 
wild in appearance; and from the midst of thia forbiddiDg-kx^ing 
tract, two rocky eminence»— ooe to the north, the other a little east of 
north — made themaelvea prominent by their iaolated pgaition, hold pre- 
C^toui aidea, and table simunita. üpon these etood the mina of 
CMtlea, one of which was called Andal Kal'eb; the other, Kara Sis, 
and to the latter of which, as the moat extensive, we bent our ateps. 

After a long trot, by rongh and atonj roada, of a further eix miles, 
we gained the foot of tho hill, and clambering to the aonunit, found 
notÜng bat a crmnbling wall of black baaalt, withoat form or shape, 
to reward our toil, or attest the era of conatruction, and not a human 
l)eing to cheer na with a local tradition. It was evidently, bowerer, a 
min of connderaUe antiquity, and was, probably, with its siater rock- 
fort, a atroDgfaold of the Benbinian djnaety of Armeniana, who retired 
inlo the fiutneases of Cilicia before the inyaaion of Yengie Khan, and 
Cor R long time made Sia the seat of their circnmacribed rule. These 
Armenians became at one time warlike and poweriul on the plaina of 
Cilicia, upon which they descended Irom their mountun strongholds to 
haraas and plnnder their Christian cruaading brethren, and from 
wbeDce th^, for a Urne, auccessfolly reaiated the ultimately victoriona 
Tnrfcoioana. In the time of IHogenes Bomanus, they drore back a 
large body of theee warrior herdamen, who were again cat off in tfaeir 
reticat at tbe bridge of Hopsoeatia, by the Prince of Antiocb, (called 
by M historiana, by the absurd name of Chatagurio,) who had taken 
up hia poaition at that place. 

We were not at all sorrytoaet offonour retnm; bot the difflculdea 
of Ihe road were so great, that daikneu overtook ns by the time we 
gaioed the acdirities of the Yedesli hilla. Not to be benighted, we 
tmated in our ateeda flnding their way, and put them to a canter. 
Everything went on prosperously over the hills, where stones were 
nmneroQS, but not large, and the myrtle bushea so amall aa to offer 
bot a aligbt impediment to the progreas of our horsea, who, when not 
obserring them in time to get out of the way, passed safely through 
the midst of them; but on the deecent, mattera altered consideraUy 
for tbe wone, and the aspect of the country preeented a material dif- 
ferenoe. ^irnbe of myrüe, Christ's-thorn, and dwarf-oaka of aturdy 
breed, had attained conaiderable size, oYortopping at times horse and 



"WIHTKB WAKDSBDiaB.*' 401 

•tmctare or pnUio edi£ce. IWveraiiig this desolate and abandoned 
wpaaa, we gained tbe foot of the rock, wMch we ascended, amid inno- 
mrerabU mwniTfi onumented lids of earct^lu^, evidoitly of the ßjaa- 
titke Widi, and anipasnng, in number, »nyüättg I ever met with in 
Anbonor Ana, — endendiig the former greatneea aad rictiea c^ tha 
inluliitaBtt of this episcopttl äty, sod reminding lu, u memiiriaU ot 
hunMnilTt thot Anazarbiu had, »mnng ollier leuned and diatinguislied 
citiaeni, die poet Oppianiu, and tbe phyücian Dioacoris. 

Tbeie were varioiu buUdings still atonding npoo the crest of tbe 
hill ; MBOftg whicb were aa TmiuiTn d 3£ob>iiunedaii times, and s 
Castle, as tbe Tarka or Arabs bad left it, wboever inaj bave been its 
foimdera. Altfaougb there was not s liviiig being in tbe nei^botir> 
hood, tbefie edifices were stül in excellent keeping ; and it was onlj 
witii flome trouble and exertion that we were able to explore all tbe 
varioos Chambers and receeses of tbie lonely and tenaatless fabric. 

Anazarbua (Avu^o^^Joc) does not appear to bave been a town of tbs 
sune remote antiquity aa some wbicb we bare previcualy described on 
the plaina of Cilicia. It is certain, from tbe notices of Procopiua 
(Hiat. Arcan, cap. xrüL), and of Cedrenna (p. 299), Ihat it becune, 
in tbe middle agea, tbe metropoÜB of tbe secoad Cilida, as Cilicia 
CampoBtria was theo called; jet it obtained bot occasional and passing 
notioe in Ibe faistory of tbe time, until it was totallj destroyed bj an 
earthquake, in tbe seventh year of tbe Emperor Justinian'a reigiu 
It maj alao be indistinctl)' gatbered from Suidas tbat it suffered in 
a simÜar manner, in tbe time of Nero. Jt was, bowerer, reboil^ 
and obtained among some an enviable notorielj, aa tbe ^t where 
John CoDuenoB received bis deatb-wound, wbÜe hunting tbe wild 
boar. According to tbe bistorians, bis spear-band, being forced 
back bj the boü' turning upon bim, it was hurt by a poisoned 
arrow, whicb lay in a quiver at bis back. Tbe wound was slight, 
but tbe poiaoa active, and be was recommended bj the surgeons 
of the dajr to have the arm amputated; bat the emperor refused, say- 
ii^ tbat the Cireek empire could not be govemed witb one band; and 
he aocordinglj perished soon after. 

The origuül name of tbe äty ^ipears to have been Aia-Zerbah, 
{rom a spring whicb Lssuea from Üie castle rock; and tbe Bomans 
^pear not to bare understood this, for Plinj calls it tbe city of tha 
Anazarbeni, now C»BU%a ; Ftolemj calls it Cssarea ad Anozarbum; 
and Steptumus says it was called Anazarba, from tbe neighbonring 
hiU. or from being built bj Anaaarbusl It was called, by tbe Bist 
emperora, Cssarea, a term of distinction ; and, by Suidas, Dio-G«sarea] 
bot coina of the time of Lucius Veras and V^rian bave Anazarbos 
simply. Sereral other coins mark the river as Anazarb. 

Aüer a ronnd of distant bearings, superadded to a rougb triangnla- 
tion of tbe neighbonring area, we descended by tbe eastern face of tbe 
rock, tbrongh a dense growtb of Cbrist's thom ; bat we foand tbe 
river quite unfordable, and had thus to tum bat^k, round tbe north 
ftce of tha hill, and tbea to continue up tbe bed of tbe river, in a 
northerly direction, instead of, as we bad hoped, cutting acroas tbe conn- 
try, to overtake the remainder of tbe party. We had thus to ride 
several miles out of cur wa/, tili we reached a bridge, whicfa the otbers 
must have paaied over in an hoor or two after the time ihat we flrst 
sepanted from tbcm. Night overtaking us, we were obliged to aeck 



" WIMTEB VANDEBOnW." 403 

tainoQi. Paaiiiig over »evenl Bucceesive asoentg, we at length reached 
the Valley of the Pyrnnus, where it flowed throngh a nairow moun- 
Uiaotu pftSB, Durly a thousand feet beoeath whüe we stood. Tfae 
path whicfa we had to follow was carried aloog the nearly vertical face 
of the predpice ; white beyoDd all, the stupendons heights of Tannu, 
her« called Dttrduii Tagh, rose np in bluff, conical, and inacceeüble 
pointa, which ^ipeared to oppose an impassable barrier to further 



It is remarkahle that Strabo was intimately acqaainted wilh this 
Uttle-frequented paas in Taurus, which we were the first among 
nodems to tnverse ; and bc describes, nünately, the difficuldes 
which the Pyramns has to encounter — the sallent and re-ent«ring 
angle of the mountains, and the precipitous fisaures of such little 
width, that, in tome places, he says, a dog or a hare might leap them. 

We loon anired at a point where the path was so narrow, that it 
was impossible to proceed without unloading the horsea ; and the bag- 
gage had to be carried on the shoulden of the Kivde, for the least 
touch at the ade must have hurled the horsea down the precipice. 

We had just Bucceeded in getting hoxses and baggage over this 
haEBrdous pass, when we came to a point where the roöd receded in- 
wards a tittle, and then Struck outwards, right up the slippery face of 
the rock. Our Enrd guides, who had long murmnred, began to give 
way before the difficulties, which, as they increosed in number, ooly 
aerred to rouse the colonel's resolntion the more to overcomo tbem. 
They now openly refused to carry the baggage up this new ascent, tili 
the colonel, seating himself at the foot of the paas, compelled them to 
the work, with hie gun retting on bis knee, and ready cocked. One 
after another, the träthem sacks were carried up without accident, tili 
it came to the tum of the horsea, which had to bc whipped up the 
path, so as to surmount it by one effort. Unlnckily, ta this atterapt, 
two got upon the pathway at the sanie time ; and one of them, which 
was Mnrphy's riding-harae, was tumbled off the road, and rolled over 
twice before it was caught by a tree, and from which most fearful 
poütioD it was happily extricated, with some difflcul^, somewhat 
ahook, but without ony serious hurt. 

These difßculücs overcome, we followed in the rear i but onr snr- 
prise may be imagined, on gaining the top of the pass, to find the 
horsei, with YuHuf Saoda, alone, the Kur^ having, to a man, taken 
themselves off to the woods, to the left, and where it would hare been 
03 vain to follow them as to pursne so many ibexes. 

Withont guides, our onward progress was not always effective. 
Murphy, who had fallen into the rear, sent na word that his horse 
would go no further ; and, indeed, most of the horsea, althoogh we 
walked a great deal, to spare them, were suffering from these R)rced 
marches, laating, aa they invariably did, from sunrise tili afler sunset. 
It was essential, howerer, that, if possibte, we ehould attain a village 
before sunset, üd we accordtngly made a further exertion ; bnt such 
was the discomflted sttte of the poor beasts, that it was unsuccessful ; 
and night orertook u« at the foot of some liiUs, where an oid man and 
his growo-up aon were tendiog a flock of goata. We were glad to 
t«ke refiige in his but, eonetrocted of a fe» twiiu and branchea, and 
we loid aO night huddled in aspaceof abont ten wet Square; and even 
this hospitality was nnwUUngly aflbrded by the tenante, the younger 



"WHITBB WAKOmHOB." 405 

giinabed from Gasuea Anazvba, ind Cessrea Maniot, as CieMrea 
Gcnaaucii, as nurf be ceen on onns cf tfae time of Sererm aad ot 
Poeeennitis. U >s nid to have twen at thia dt; that die latter aasamed 
theporple. 

It is, bawevet, mort eelelicated in eodeeiastical histoiy aa the oonn- 
trj of Nflstoriiu, and Uie seU of the qnacopacy of Endoxins, both rode 
innoTaton of Ute primitiTe dranh doetriite. The firat Crasaders cap- 
tored thia d^, whidi waa^ at that ^Mch, called MansiL It was 
■florwards a TurkomaD prindpality, tÜl the time of the Sahan Snlcä- 
man I., about 1520, when it fäl ander Oanaali dominion. The celfr- 
brated Ferhad Fasha took the lätj hy stratagem, after destrojing tte 
last of ita princes, called ^teh Suvar OgUo. bi tbe camnngn of 
Saleiman, the ensning jrear (tS53), wben he rednced Bagbda^ Musnl, 
and Tan, imder Oamaali ruk, his son Selim «intered at Marash. 
Tbe Torkomans rebelled, bowerer, <m many occadona eine«, more 
particvlarlj nndw a chieftain, of the name of ^lendah <^Uu, tbe 
TarkotoaDS of noUe famDy idwaja adding " son of," to their name, 
and who preaerred bia independeäice, tili rednced by the Wiuir Sega 
Harad I^ba, in the reign of Ahmed I., a.d. 1603. 

The Chief Turkoman tribea, occOOTing the conntiy jnst traveraed, 
from Adana to Marash, are the Melanjinah Oghlu, who ei^oy the 
goremment of Adana, the Ramadan O^n, Karaan Oghln, Tekdi 
Ogfalu, and Kusin (^blu. Ibrahim Pasha devastated the oountrj of 
the latter of tbeae tribes while we were in Syria, bot withoot redndng 
tbem to acknowledge bis sapremacy. It is a miatake to name tbe 
Bolgar Tagh, and other porüons of Tanms, bb is stiU done in all maps, 
after the Tnikoman tribea which inhabit them. It is a cnriooa fact, 
that, tili onr Tisit to tbis äty, witbin Tanrus, that it was not known 
where to place it on the map. Theodoritns (ü. cap. 25) aaTa, ctnrectlj 
enoogb, that it waa sitaated on the conflnes of three prorinoes — CiUcia, 
8jrria, and Cappadoda — and, to be more mitinte, it waa a äiy in the 
prorinoe of Commagena, afterwarda, and in the middle ages, called 
Enphrateiins. 

At Uaraah, tbe paaha was viaited ; and, in retnm, we woe assailed 
bj the whole hotuehold, from kawaaa, and kawatctii badii, or bead 
conataUe, and bead coffee-maker, down to tbe acullion, in search of 
tbe peipetnal bakshish, or present Tbe colonel, becoming anzioua 
aboat the progieaa-making at Port William, startad from bence, im 
adrance of tbe remainder of tbe party, who Idt on the day foUowing. 
On thia occasion, the read laj acroes the piain of Uanub, and tbrä 
aseended, bj a wooded ränge of hiUs, covered with anow, and from 
wbence we deacended into the valley of the Ak So, or white water, m 
tribatarr of the Pyramns, which bai ita sonrcea irom a gnnip of lakes, 
sitnated immediately below Pelrereh, the aodent Ferre. A Bomaa 
Toad led from Germanida to this latter place, which was the connecting 
point in the Antonine Itinerarjr and Theodoaian tables between the 
Tontes to and from C^padoda, CtHnmagena, and Meam>tamia. We 
reated f«r tbe night in tbe vaUey of tbe Ak Sn, in a l^ukoman tent, 
wbere we were leodred with «utomaij hosiMtality. 

Tbe nezt da/a ride led ns over a atony and woodleas ränge «t roeky 
hillfl, on which tbe snow lay deep ; and by evening, we gained tbe 
great Valley, called Anban Owahai, which is watered by a tributaij 



THE BEB£LS: A TALE OF EMMETTS DÄYS. 
ar Mia. white. 

PABT II.'—TUZ L0VEB8. 

To thiov a ligbt npon the bwl feeling eDtertained by Hugh Ferring 
towaids hia counss, it will be necessuj to give «n outline of their 
domenic history. Both Mrs. Ferring and her sister bad married men 
of good fortuneHt uid of »a eqnal poeition in aoäetj; und during the 
childbood of thdr Suniliea, nothing conld exceed the unitj and affec- 
tioQ iubeisting between tbem. Bnt, nnfortnnatdj, a jealousj arose 
between Mr. Ferring and bis brotber-in-law, in consequeace of some 
offldal place beccnning vacant at the Castle, for wÜcb tbej botb 
made an>lication, and wbicb the fotatet obtained. After bis deceas^ 
tbe sistera renewed tbdr iDtercoursei bat Hug^ Perring perpetuated 
in bis own breast tbe variaoce feit by faia fatber, and long after death 
had set bis seal oo the dJssenaiona of botb parents, be continued to bis 
imoffboding cooems tlüs feeling of jealous animoeitj^. 

Douglas Hewitt, the eldeot of bis nncle's sons, thongh eqnall; high- 
apiritedtWaaofainoreforgivuig and geuerons diq>06ition; or, perbapa, 
the great aecret of bis forbearance to bis banghty cousin was, tbe love 
with wUdi Hugb's gentle aister N«xah had inspired bim. Ab cbildren 
tb^ bad played together, and eren tboi Norah fonnd that her brotbers 
wer« not half so gentle aa coosin Donglas— dear conain Donglas, wbo 
thought nothing of dimbing ibe higbest branches of tbe monntain a^ 
to procure her tbe moet gorgeous c^ ita scivlet treasnrea, and after- 
wards of wreathing tbem amongst her dark and shining bür, tili abe 
looked like some little Indian princeas, with coral drding her bead. 

It bad nerer ocaured to Hngb Ferring tbat bis aister's drildish 
preference for her cooain Douglas abonld continae to influence her in 
after years; m> tbat it waa wi£ no little snipriae and cbagrin that he 
leamed tbat the good-lo(^ing yotmg man in r^imentals, wbom he had 
Seen OD duty in tbe castle-jrü^ on the day of Üa amTal, was no other 
than the püun and rather awkward-looking stripling wbom he had left 
two ^ean before in hia trencher-cap and gown, at Trini^^— and Ute 
now afflancad busbend of bis aister. Tbe very profeadon Hewitt had 
cboeen, seemed like a displa; of Opposition; for tbe repnblican prin- 
ciples of the Perrings were no secret among their fellow-coll^ans, 
between wlu«n debating partiea ezisted, where tbe politics of tbe 
period were discnsaed. Tbia new, and cloaer connexion, therofore, 
Hugh detennined aboold never take place; but as Nor^'s fortune 
was «t her own dispoeal, he knew this was onl; to be compaaaed bj 



Now, nature bad not intended Hugh Perring for a rilhün, and tbe 
tatk be bad proposed to bimself was too repugnant to bis feelings to 
allow bim to go througb with it. He therefore oontented bimself with 
exhibiting bis aneqnivocal dialike of Douglas in such a manner as he 
bapei woold lead the latter to resent it, and thns occaaion a dedded 
rupture between tbem. His cousin, bowerer, for Nonh's sake, deler- 
mmed to avoid erer^tbing tbat might give a pretext for hia malero« 
lence. And so tbe afiüi continoed, odüI tbe unfortuoal« oceuirence 

TtOi. TL IE 



A TALE or ■mutt'b dats. 409 

koned liar towtrd« the window, wben üuej Mssd lookäig «ot 
. un the lorely Keoe be£»e tliem. 

Just u Nonh WH mtoied to b ttat» of oompantiTe tnaqniUi^, 
..-r f«ars w«(« min ezcited bj ranarking tlut u <M waman «itb a 
ruil haAdkenüiia on her head, aad wiapped in a gnj doak, cr^ 
•ruutioaa); fran beneath tha baalieB near th« window, and pecring 
about tor a gaanieat^ mored itealthil; awaj. The bent fbnn, aad 
sliuffling galt, discovered at once the meodicaat Aaatf Connellj, 

Doi^faa was endeavoaring to quell bis fair cooBia'i imeMiaeai, when 
a brigfat 8aah of light anddaalj «bot i^ aboro a daik «od dbtaot part 
of tbe ci^, and wa» foUowed bj a lond repott tfaat riiook the windnr 
at which ther were atndiiw. 

" Uj Goal" eaclaiaod ue joui^ man, haatilj. " Thej bave riMS 
— the äty ii attacked' aad I am her« 1 Let me go, Norah, I maj 
jtX aave jour brotbcr. Ton ha*e no need to fear; Us party will not 
barm 7011, and the Mddiery dare not. I^uewell I " And be b«at 
from her, before sbe half conprebended the fearful "»— »'"g of iäa 
worda. Wben ehe did otmiprebend them, her fint iB^)tiln was to 
follow faimi and «be raa wildljr out upon the lawn, and down the 
armae leading to the road, wben ■omethiag like a bnge gnj ball, jnat 
within tfae gaie, oppoeed her pragrew. Sab atood still : it nnciüled 
itaelf ; and, tbrowing back the hood of her doak, Aastj Coiaid^ 
Btood before her. 

" Did a gentlemaa paaa jron joat now, good wonan?" inqnired 
Norah, tremUing with frigbt. 

"I am surprised at sich aquestion from thelikeaof 700, lliaaNerA 
Ferring. Is it watebing jaut gatei I'd be at tliia hoü of the night?" 
answered ibe old woman, evaüvely. 

" Perhapi be went the other way," Said Norah, idterly mueindfal, 
in her anxiety, of thecorert sarcasmof Anstj'sreplr; " haaten lo tbt 
road, good woman, and meet him aa be paaaes. I will reward jou 
forit." 

" dnd another arrant woman for jonraelf,' ezdaimed the old crane, 
■harpij; *' tfae tlmeis Coming wbiDAnstyComteDj'illbeaa good asHiy 
of yon. An', Bigns bj Wt I make tbe Orange lails know it! My two 
fine boya at Btdljbolan I— och hone! odi hone! Did je nerer beer 
jour motber, Miss Norah — maj the beavens be her bed! — Ulk ot the 
big Sght at Balljbolan? and bow tbe aBcblmt BritoiM kilt Anaty Con- 
nelly's two sons? 'Tis tbat made me so fand ov tbe mooalight, avicht 
in hopee the good people 'ed take me out a£ mj throuble^ and gire me 
my two finc boys again." 

"Poor thingl" qaculated Norah, who noir remembered to bave 
heard it «aid, tbat Anoty, wu subject to flta of mental aUenatimi. 
" Poor tbii^t wbata aad example oftbMepaattimeaofterror! Alaal 
perfaapa Uie conaequencea of to-night may be to make me eqnaQy 
deM^ate! Go bome, Ans^; or oome witb me np to tbe boase. Tb» 
ia so plaee fbr you, in tbe damp night air." 

" Ochl not a dhrop of the bleaaed dew &Ua on me, Mthoiel Um 

fire in my ould head aa' beert dbriea it all np, Never mind for Ana^, 

the craterl Um nigh^i ui't to her; an' tbe moon 'ed nüas her, if ibe d 

BUy within." 

So uying, Auty i^ain oorered her head with her doak; and rod- 

■ b8 



A TALB or bboixtt'b datb. 411 

" Ob ! what slull I do — ^what ehall I do? " cried Uie TOutb, ia 
tmgmah, 

" ni teil yoa what jonll do," antwered tbe Boldi«r, a Uttle softened 
by the oSer of the goÜ — " you may waUc out ; but if jou attempt to 
move an incb nearer tbis way, joa are mj priMner." 

" I cannot go tili I bare Seen ili. Hewitt; my bn^ness witb hini ia 
of life and deatb. Surely, good Boldier, you will let me paaa?" 

" Not a Rtep," retamed tbe sentry; " eitber you walk off my poe^ 
or into my box, tili the gnard comea round. And if you giv« the 
officer 00 better accoant of younelf than you have given me, I promiae 
you yooll paaa the night in the guaid-house." 

At this moment, a gentleman in fdain ckithea came towarda them; 
and the distre» of tbe youth became even more perc^itible. 

"Ilere ia some one CMning," he said; " pray — ^pray let me pasa! 
Mr. Hewitt will acquit you of any blame. I will give yoa all that is 
in my pnrae." 

" It is more than I dare do now," retamed the man. " Hera 
comea one of tbe officen." And he tumed to repeat to the penoti 
approadiiag the accustomed milituy cballenge, while the eoUegian 
drew bis robe aronnd bim> and Bhrank close to the aide of the biuld- 
ing. Freaently afterwaids the other party drew neor, and whispering 
the taiiamanic reply, ^»prottched the trembling gownsnutn, and conr- 
teooaly inqulred if he sbould pau bim in. No sooner had the latter 
atterä bis thanks, than the officer drew bia arm within bis own, aod 
walhed on in silence, tili oat of ear-ahot of the sentinel, wben the 
yonth ini]iiired, " Will you have the kindneas to point out Mr. Hewitt's 
quarters? It is to see him I have come." 

*' 'Pon my word he does not deierve to see you," replied the officer, 
in a tone of confldenc« that atrangely and painfuUy afibcted tbe yonth 
— " he hu not uaed you well in keeping you waitii^ for him, and 
expoöng you to «o mncb annoyance." 

" Mr. Ilewitt is not aware of my being here," replied the other 
coldly. 

" I wish I could perauade you to let him remain in ignorance of 
your Coming," continued tbe officer. " Or if not," os he feit tha 
fragile arm within bis own aaddenly withdrawD, " come into my 
room, and I will und for hioo." 

*' Sir! " eaid the afiected colle^an, apringing from bis aide, " since 
sometbing has bctrayed my sex to you, pray do not tamish your kind- 
nesa by rudeness more insufferabfe than any anDoyance Ihavepre- 
vioualy experienced. Ilowever stränge my being here, and in thia 
diaguise, may appear, I am a lady; and my motive ia not only inoocent 
but, I trust, praiaewortliy. Add to my aense of gratituae for tbe 
fuvour you have already conferred upon me, by telling me wbere I 
fihall find Mr. Hewitt. Be aseured, neither he nor I will erer forget 
tbe Obligation." 

" I will aend him to you," replied the ofltccr, in a tone as reapectfol 
OS bis former manner had been hold. " Stand here, out of obaerva- 
tion; bc ahall be with you in an instant." 

So saying, he toucbed hia hat and departed, while Norah remained, 
watching, with nervoua onxiety, every ahadow that croased the jmm- 
room windowB, impatient for, yet dreading Douglas Uewitt's q>proacli. 
Freaently, an officer in füll rcgimentals hastened towarda her, and her 
beart told her it waa her lover. 



A TALE OF BHHBTt's DATH. 413 

be met ratnming along the iUthfxmhwD road. The low tonei in 
-wbich tbef converaed — the air of depresnou uid gloom that reated 
vpMi all, so diffcrent from their national bearing under an^ ardinu7 
ciminutancei waa, in itsetf, suffident to annue a pünfol conTiction M 
the natura of the caUuni^ that could thus strike down thär naturaDy 
«lastie tpirit«. These penona had been to witneaa the unforttmate 
Einunett'B executioa. 

But let na tnm from the road, to the reeidence of the Perringa, at 
RBthfarnham. The blinds of the wiadows wero doeed, aa if dräth 
waa in the hoiue ; and on a sofa in the little room previously de- 
Bcribed, Uj Hugb, pale eren to ghastlineas, from no pfajdcal iÖnese, 
but from tbe nervous angnüh that had pnyed npon him since the 
apprehenücMi of hu friend. Norah kndt beeide him ; her ey es 
biinded bj teara, and her band wm preesed against bis pallid brow, 
Tbe door opened, and Dooglaa Hewitt entered. Hngh raiaed hie bead, 
and gased inqniringly at hun. 

" Is it over?" he aaked qnickly. 

" It ifl," Said Hewitt, monrnfnlly. 

"Thank äod!" mattered Ferring, dropping ivk on tbe pillow, 
aod borsting ioto teus. " And but for you," he oonlänned, wnien tbe 
pttiajva eabeided— " but for jon, mj generoiu-bearted eouun, and 
JOS, my deu^-dear Btsler, I, too, dionld hare päd the penaltj of dia- 
lojaity and madneea with mj pnre-intentioned bot miaguided fiiend." 

*' He ia at rest," intemtpted Dooglas; " let ua hope that the rinceri^ 
of bis motives may oatbaUnc« the crimee hia treawm has occasioned. 
Do not dwell npon it ; bat in retom for the mercj eo gracjonsl; ex- 
tended to joundf, prore to jomi klag and conntry that ■ pardoned 
rebel eaa make a oaeful äticen and a h^al anlgecL" 

Little more need be added. Nonth aooa afterwardg became the 
wife of her conein; and in the spring of the enaning yeu Hngh 
Perring started for the Contlnent, to se^ Gerald Hewitt, who had 
qiütted Ireland ob tbe öaj after Sydenbam Farring'B death, and had 
Bought to heal the angniah of a bmiäed apirit hy sncceasiTe changes of 
Mens and occnpation. Tlte forgireneaa and re-union of hia family 
elfected what neitber time nor travel conld acGomptiab ; and the 
Cousins returaed to Ireland better and wiser men for the bitter ez- 
perienoes of the memorable year 1803. 



NEW SOUTH WALES.' 

WuEN a colonj is atiU in ita infoncj, facta onlj are wanted, — State- 
ments of a nmple but importo&t character, which conceni soil, climate, 
natura productions, and reaaurces i — but when tbe aame oolonj has 
Mtaioed a certain lUscretionBry age, and can boast of ita citiea, towna, 
fänna, coldvated lands, roada, and navigable rivere (as the creeks or 
inlete of the sea are alwaya calli:»!), it is pleasant to turn from such detwls, 
to oontemplatc, for a momenl, the oew phaaea in wbich sodetj preaents 
ittelf in auch a country — to look at tbe surJäce of thingi, as they pre- 

■ TMideaet In tb« eelooj 



KE« BOUTH VALES. 415 

an, I intagine, a Euhion pecolisr to thii sUmp of exquiMtes, but among 
them T«rj pc^uUr." 

Ute maricet in Sydney is weQ nipplied, and the display of fruit is 
vvry beaatifoL Thts tndudea the prödnce of bot dinmtes, espedallj 
all deseriptiona of melons. Hie large green water-melon, rose-coloured 
within, is a very faroarite fruit, growB to an enonnons Bin, and 
may be seen, piled np like huge cannon-ballB, at all tbe frait-shop- 
doOTt, " being unirenally admired in tbis bot, tbirsty dimate." Mrs. 
Mereditb, bowever, tbongbt it inaipid ; and notices, as an improred 
metbod of eating tbie cräp, cool, and refresbing, fruit, the mixing a 
bottle of Madeira, or iberry, with ite cold, watei; pulpl We recom- 
mead this ncw kind of " Bherry cobbler" to tbe Reform Club. 

fixcellent fish is to be procured at Sydney; and Mrs. Mereditb 
had here tbe good taste to prefer aucb to the preserved sabnon and 
cod from England, wbich are aione terved at a Sydney dinner-table. 
Bodc-oystera and cray-fish are also abundant and good. 

The dnst is one main source of annoyance at Sydney. Unleas 
aßer beavy rain, it is akoa^s dus^. One would suppoee tbe pbrase of 
" Down witb tbe dust!" must bave ortginated in the cotony ; but tbis 
Mra. Mereditb does not mention. Flies are another nnisance ; Ütcj 
■warm in every rootn, in tens of tboDsandg, and blacben the breakfiwt 
or dinner table as soon as tbe viands appear. But worse than thes^ 
are tbe moaquitoes, wbose bite, Mrs. Merödttfa, on tno different occa- 
Bions, describes aa being " mounttunons," and tbeir attacks so per- 
MTering, as to be alwaya more or less sacceasful. These fien» 
assailanta are also tüded in thetr nocturna! invasions by still worse, and 
" dirice-disgusting creatures ;" to say notbing of fleas, " wbicb seem 
to pervade tbe colony in one universal swarm." 

The Cumberland hnnt bave a tolerable pack of boonda, and the 
deitructive native dog, or dingo, serres them for a foz ; and tbis is 
often fl bagged dog ! 

There are lereral riTsl and mntiially abnaive papers publisbed in 
Sydney, wbere there is, also, a public Ubrary ; bot literature appeara 
to be at disconnt \ for " the gentlemen," says Mrs. Mereditb, " are 
too bosy, or find a cigar more agreeable than a book ; and tbe ladiea, 
to qaote the remark of a witty (?) friend, ' pay more attention to tbe 
adoming of tbeir beads without, than within.' " 

Mre. Mereditb's travdling experiencee in Australia, whicb cxtend to 
Batburst, about one bundred and twenty milea from Sydney, are very 
entertaining, altbougb they cbiefly refer to intcresting little facta in 
natural bistory, and to tbe backwood's condition of tbe public inns. 
Tbe latter are the perpetuolly recurring subjects of aniraadversion. The 
walls are smoke-itained, the floors nniveraally dirty, the tablei covered 
witb tobacco-ashes and liqnor staini ; the women slipsbod, the beds 
have B hide-the-dtrt kind of aspect; and even the dark-brown fat 
candles smell most iosufieraldy. The fare was always the sam^— 
'am-an'-eggs, mntton-cbops, English ale at 3«. 6<f. a-bottle ; and for 
brcad, "damper," a cako of stifT dough, baked in the ashes; — not bad 
fare, we Bhoold tbink, though intolerable to a delicate stomach, ap- 
parently not fitted for rotighing it on mutta»i-cbopB. 

The habitations of the woHdng-ckuses are also described as the least 
pleaiing objects met with in the colony. They are wretched (?) hnts, 
or hovels, " buUt of heapcd tnrf, or more freqnently of ' alabi>' " 



BOOMED TO DUAPPOnfTKBNT. 417 

Hope iaanad fiMftm lAir; entertain it, therefore, in the Ulkest 
pOMtble qnantit]'; bot fulfilment mnat luve ils limit, and if it fall short 
of the calcnbUed nipplj, prononoce it to be jronr doom. Ezpect »• 
tniTBgantlf , aod decUre with bitMmeas that sothing you undertak« 
^oapen, oothing answere toot expectatiaoa. 

Tbe aoft of people wbo »e moat prooe to disapprantmeat will be 
fimadamcmglheiniacdlaiieouainiiltitudesof Sight-wekers; or,aBtbe7 
an aooteCimes cdled bj the ridicaloae Omission of a letter or two^ tli« 
6>ght-iean. Naverweresuchwcmderfiilpeopleforexpectingwoad«»; 
aad never were anj gifted with Buch ^«sfor diacoveriiig tbat there is 
Bothiog to aee. llie Sight-seen(tobaiTow the&eetionBdeaigDation) 
•n a Tsoe hj thenuelres. Tiitsy are alwaya half-waj up a hili where 
there in no view; or looking wiui aviditj throngh the wrong end of a 
telescope, and grnmbling at the intögnificanoe of the sight. No matter 
wbat the object of attraction toaj be, — a civic eliew or a crowned bead, 
pageantij two miUa long, or a single star pre-eminentlj in the 
•Kendant, — the cry ia always the aame; — ^tbere nerer jet waa a apec- 
tade Bo tmhr magniäcent, and the ihabbineaB of it ib wofully dJsiqi- 
pointii^. These two deelarationa are inTariably to be heard in one 
fenath. The good folka are for erer gmng to be completely aato- 
niahed, and for erer aniprised tbat tfaey Bhonld have expected aDything 
of the kind. 

The aight-wer, however, fall ofien goards himaelf, as he conceires, 
noet aecündj, againM the oveltj ot a diaappointment, bjr taking care 
to expect link or nodüng. On ecnne apedal oecaäon, at leaat, he is 
naolred lo put it oat of fate's power to disappcnnt Um. " I hare 
fotmed mv own ooncltiaion,'* be crie^ "and know exactlj wbat the 
thing will be. I antidpate no minidea of splendour, no gorgeous 
panqihemalia, nothing datiBng or bewildering in an; way. Such are 
«y simple notiona. Let othera kiok forward to wbat magmficence thej 
lue; Äat ia no illasiou of mine. I expect nothing — poeitively 



And wben the qtectacle which is the sultject of these sage and 
moderale riewa haa pasaed by, jron may instantlj know the man wbo 
ezpected nothing, by hia being the DoiaieM and the moat indignant of 
the throng. As soon aa he haa exciaimed, in a voic« beavUy laden 
with emotion, and produming bim ntterly diacoasolate, " WeÜ, alter 

tbis! " he takes hreath for fire minntea, and then freely teils you 

wbat be thinks of tbe sbow. Be soggeets tlut be haa heard of a hn$k- 
down once or twice beforei and bas faimself witneaeed a few failures 
ntlier ingeotoaB in their w^. Bat he pnta it— not to tbe inbabitants 
of tbat pariah, bot to tbe feding and judgment of unbiassed and en- 
Hgfatened Eorape — wbether a mockery ao truly abortive bad evcr been 
haard of befiiie. He blosbes for the ooimtry of bis birth, the land <tf 
hi) pride yesterday, of bis pty to-day. It is trve, he expected notbing 
~-lHit tböi, sudi a qtectade as thati He feela for the Great Ifetra- 
poUs — feels deeply. He cannot bdp, Ibr the honest sonl of bim, being 
Vary aorry indeed for the City of London, and thinks that, under stich 
örcomstanoes, it would be better tar the capital of the empire to bide 
ita bead in its own smoke, or get ont of tovn tor a week or two, tili 
the discredit Uowa orer. Not tbat fae expected anything- — on tbe oon- 
traiy, he expected nothino— abaolutely nothing; but he nerer feit so 
' idl 



418 I>OOUED TO DIGAPFOniTMEKT. 

Id auch uttures the feeling of ezpectation will generate, and wül 
grov, until it becomes a gross and vagne exaggeratioa; and tbe mind 
tlukt rejecta It still dwells Qpon ita obtruding imoge, and experiences 
tbe shock all tbe same in epite of ita preouitionB. 

What is trae of & show, ia equally true of an opera, a pic-nk, a 
dance, or a noveL Thej have beard a gieat deal abont it, äie^ have 
tbongLt a great deal about it, they bave taken oonsiderable pains abont 
itt and they bave hoped a great deal from it. Tbe time cosnes — tbej 
are disappointed. Tbe; can't belp it — bo it ie — titej ane doomed^ 
ther do believe, to disappointment. 

So also with thinga in^nitel; higher, tbe grandeat ottjectfi in natare 
or in art. Tkey are disi^pointed witb Killamey, tbey are disap- 
pointed with the Louvre. Mont Blanc was stiilung, but not iriät 
the/ expected; St, Feter's was fine, but, on the whole, thej were dia- 
ftj^KÜnted. 

They are not to be esfiUy persuaded that any reasonable expectatigo 
ever can be realized — and th^ are confident that in their own case 
no snch miracle has been performed. If they had stood on tfae deck 
of tbe " Yictoiy," and had seen the immortal Signal di^laye^ 
" England expeöta ereiy man to do hia duly," they would have in- 
etinctirely rgoined, " Then England will be dis^pointed." 

Try the same people on the most trivial points, and they are equallj 
fixed. The author of the chartning new song does not quite conie up 
to thor expectalion ; agreeable, intollectoal, and gentlenum-Iike; je^ 
but not the kind of pereon — they muat aay tbey worc disappoiiüed. 
As for the beauty they had bumed to be presented to, what highly- 
wrought expectations had tb^ not formed of her! and now ehe u 
sniiling before them. They are charmed, deligbted, electrified, almoct 
woader-stricken — they are everything, except satiafied. Tme, ahe ia 
perfect ; it is impo6sible to find a fiault, a blenüah — but then, so veiy 
difereut to their eetimate! not afeature like! — they aever were so 
disappointed in all their days. They are enchaated with the ne« 
picture, and recc^nise in it the highest grasp of the artist'a genius; 
but they are so unlucky — it is their fate — they had a notion that it 
was in water-colour, and they feel wofutly dia^pointed. 

Nothing falls out accorcÜng to their anticipation. If it shonld 
appear that they had not formed an enormously excessive estiniat^ 
they had still formed one so egregiously erroaeous as to filt them with 
dismay, and impress them with the convictioa that they are fore- 
doomed to fall in every caiculation. 

There are some youthful diaappointments which give a disheartUH 
ing tone to a whole life. Of such is the ahock to fresh and senntiTe 
feeling experienced when, in the first blusb of boyhood, in eariy 
school-time, we fly to the treasuring-box for the plum-cake, and find 
that OUT füthful aad beloved chnm, to whom we would hare given 
one twice aa big, has pilfered it while we were in the iqiper-sdiool, 
dwng bis exercise for him. How is such a blow to be warded off from 
the boy's beartt How are the wide-opea eyes that Stare into tbe 
blank box ever to become utterly closed againi From that momenl, 
they have a habit of continuallj lookiag slily out at the comera, thou|^ 
^parently shut He haa suffered a disappointmeat; he is waiy and 
critical. He choosea bis neit triend for exacüy opposite qualitiea to 
the last, is tricked for that reason, and is disappointed again. 

Who can de^ribe the dtsappointmentto which routhful enthugiaem. 



SOOMED TO DISAPPOntTKEMT. 419' 

jonthful ezMCtttion wranglit np to a pitch of frenzy, ts expoeed, in 
tn iDcidest like the following? It Is some jears old, but we Tividly 
remember it : — 

A foutfa of BtroDg impnlses, und of keen snsceptitnltlj', loving the 
highest productionn of tbe theatre with a passionate deUght, and re- 
gvding Edmund Kean with a senüment akin to idolatry, had fixed 
npon a night, a whole week off, to see hia favourite for the first time 
m Othello. In the inteiim, Othello haunted him by 6ay, Othello 
hannted him bj night. He thonght, read, talked, and dreamed of 
nothing hut Otkeüol—OAdlo, OtMlo, Othello! The happy day 
arrived; but, aUs, at the verj' b^finning of it, a weight of novel and 
most unexpected dntiea feil soddenly npon the excited youth. He 
staggered, and looked pale with afiight. Thej would occupy him tili 
midnight; he Bhould not, he conld not, see Othello. 

No deferring them; postponement, hesitation, was impossible; tbey 
were heavj and solemn daües. To the task, tbenl With incredible 
energy, the boy's band (it was hardly more) was pnt to a man's work. 
Head and heart l^raured hotlj, but steadilj, with it, aiding ereiy 
Btn^ ef the hanmier, and driving in two nails f<^ one. Two o'clock, 
and with aioanng penererance, by oontisnally repeated strokea, the 
neck of the difflcul^ is nearly tüt^EOD. 

Shell he see Othellof WÜl the bonooraUe, the ineritaUe, dnty be 
disdiarged in time? The now merry, yet anxiocB, anxious work goea 
brsTely an. 

Abt there is mnch, rery mn<ji to do, and it is half-pait four. How 
cau die seriona and delicate object that employs him be accomplished 
in two honra— two abart honn? Aud yet, in Itttle more thaji that 
amall Space of time, Kean will be upon the stage, perfonning bis 
nighty masterpiece, Othello. 

Heart and head now wem to sei both hands to w<n:k, and each band 
doea Äe work of two; so that tberapidityof progreai snrpassesevery- 
Üting eonodrable, excc^ the steadiness of iq^cation. Nearer swdl» 
the work towards a flnish, bot very fast all the time runs the i^nteAiI 
dock. No matter; the duty is almost done — it is only siz, and Kean 
himself is not yet at the theatre. The young theatrical will see 
OOetlo. He wfll certainly see Othello after alL 

What I a quarter past, and, alaa! no seat procurable after the doora 
open! SeatI who carea for seatsl The derotee was poeitive that he 
eould have stood, squeesed and jammed, tili he was Are and twenty, to 
eee Kean in Othello. 

Half-past — half-past dxl Cortain doea not rise tili seren. Droiy 
Lane only two miles and a half off; Othello not on in the Arst scene I 
Twenty minutes more will complete « week's erentAü laboar, per- 
formed almost miracnlously in nine hours. The Nine will reward 
thdr labonrer ; he will eee Kean in OtktUof 

Done !— All done ! Uto minutes to seven I The enthosiast üelt 
Üat he could walk the distanoe easily in half the time ! He flew oft 
in a hackney — ^no cabs— as the clock stmck. AU hia t<Hl, all hia 
anxiety, would be repaid; he ahonld witness the greateat work of 
homan passion, illustrated by the greatest master of passion known to 
the sUge. The distance to the £eatre seemed now a stone's throw, 
and now a hundred miles. 

He is at length on the steps; the moaey is paid; he deara the 



420 DooioD To PMAPPonr maN g. 

rotonda ; mn atmoniice'bill invitee hia ctteation, on whldi ks ImbUmi 
not ooe momentary glauce. SonndB from the ataga {»erce tlw ail^ 
lobbies; the curtain has been up Bome time ; bat he shail aee Oth eO »! 
Yes, that must be Eean'a voice l 

" Boxkeepei I Fly! Any place ?" 

" Ob jea, ür, we cau gire you a place ! Wbsre wonld yon like te 

" Open a door anywhere!" 

And as a door was inatanüy opened, the heart of the youog enthn- 
aiast lesped up indeed. Then, in another momoit, as be qiraiig, noi 
veiy deöorouäy, down to an excellent seat cm the &ont ro«, ha aar 
first, and then beard, a tall awkvard perfiimier, singing, with a mA 
oold, and in execrable taste, a passage in Artaxerxa ! — that optaa 
having been. in consequenca of the iUness of Mr. Kean, subatitated 
for the other stage-convenience — a tragody, entitted OtMle I 

1 mu dia^>patnted that night I 

" For I had not dnerred it, asd it miate me to Oe heut.' 

I>U^p<»]itmeDt ia a ahaip Btem monitor, hat often a lünd one, and 
bis leasona have tlüa virtno — th^ are apt to lasL Let them be r»- 
membered, bat not feit too acntdj. How needlesa was the atiii^ 
self-inflicted on that worthy honest man, whoy having signed a bill of 
exchange for five hundred pounds, kept the caah dnring the three 
daya of grace, before hia coBsdentiona eyes, ready to be poid ob 
deinand. Alaa I the biU was not presented wben due. The appointed 
day expired, aad the next in tum went the way of aU cin^fc™» 
Othera folloired, and e month had elapsed— • year. The good debtsr 
— this happened not lalely— Jo<Aed at the money which was not hil^ 
and feit that its g<dden lustre cast a diadow npon him inwardJy. IIa 
presence waa a mystery, an unpleaaant, a glaiing intruaion. Stili he 
sat in the einiple faith of bis oontract, and boped, and ht^ted. Bnt 
nobody came ; the cash was nndemanded ; and he grew fidget^ and 
restless. Then be saddened more. His expectstioii melted all away. 
He was a disappointed man ; and wfaen he dted, an afans-hoase wai 
erected with some spare mon«^. 

Bat what disappointment can life have in Btore for 119 — fashion aar 
foolish expectations as we msy — eqnal in intensity to the raptme ot a 
Ute long-dderred and andden surprise '. Whoi the diancter we had 
SQspected comes into light, wben the condnct we had miaetmatmed 
sbewB clesr and fair, and the face in which we had seen but a didiCKMrt 
- scowl, laughs out in the flush of trutfa, as the film of jealouay, ar eary, 
or common prejadiee, drops from onr wakened eyes, what bittomeaiof 
diswppointment can equal the aweetness of that disooveiy ! Gall hat 
less potency Üuui balm. 

Still the fact remains, and it bringa ns round agun to the pmnt 
from which we Started ; that while none assore us with grarity that 
they are doomed to expect fooliahly, thauaanda teil ds that tkey are 
doomed to be disappointed cmcdly. With thia impreseion «trong ce 
the mind, eren bleseiugs and good lo^ may ccoie in the form vi ft 
disappointment. Hie eastera sage, wben the bowstring was alrea^ 
round hia nedc, was tinexpectedly respited. " You are saved, philo- 
sopher," Said the professor t^ Strangulation. " Mashailab 1" eried the 
pardoned ose, sbruggiog his shouldersj "I was doonted to disappotnt- 



THE COUNTBY CUBATE.* 

BT CUASUta OLUBK. 



Ilftf, 1 



CHAPTEE I. 

TBS CDKITb'b BOUU AUD TAMn.T. 

Fbw things on euth am be man oninriting tlun the generalit; of 
small provincül towns. llief hare not the charm of nutidtj, nur 
tfae aninuriioii of > metropolü; the attraction of opening proepects, nor 
vieir of gnud ediflces: thej are not " ras in nrbe," whatever they 
may pmümi ; ncäther can they boast the adranti^ of pure conntry 
air; for dw bonsea of mögt of them are snutll and confined, the street« 
narrow and ahotting on sqoalid courts, tfae diminage imperfect, the ven- 
tUation bad. A man m^t waSc tbrougfa London a whole day, and 
not tiare his sense of smelling so often offended as in a ten-minntes* 
perambiilation of a country-town High Street. Now that the Httle 
liflB irhieh they uied to derive from the passage through them of stage- 
OOMh«« haa ceaaed, they must itagnate in ntter tiBtlessnesa ; tbelr in- 
habitants will approximate more cloaely than before to Bomnambnlista ; 
and tiKOT Aopt, except once a week on ntarket-day, will be drearier 

In a small tenement of one of these sleepy places, sitnated in tbe 
weatera extremtty of Somenetahire, lived, about seventy years ago, a 
elergyman of th« name of Weaterwood. He offlciated aa curate of Üie 
parish charch, of wfaich the recttw was a Doctor Brniner, Mr. Wea- 
terwood was an accompliihed schcdar, and a pions man of apostolical 
rimplicity ; bot being onfbrtanately destitnte of other advantages, — 
that is to say, having no interest with influential persona, nor any 
talent for pn^ing hia way, and manaenTiing to the pr^udice of othera, 
(a thing he abhorred,)— he remained a poor curate, and never dreamed 
of even acAaiieeof furtheradvancement in the church. Doctor Bruiner, 
a we^thy plitralist, allowed Mr. Westerwood twenty ponnds a-year 
for ofBciadng at one of hia best Uvings — namely, that in the town of 
which mention has jnst been made ; and this salary being pud half- 
yeariy, the poor curate conid only obtain the neccBsarieB of lifo through 
the disadTSntageom medinm of credit. 

Mr. Weaterwood had a wife and three daughtera. His houK, whkb 
ooaaisted of no niore than foor apartments, was bat scantily funüahed. 
Two of the latter wer« tued as bed-chambera. Oneoftheroomaon the 
gronnd-floorwta appreprtated to kitchen pnrpoaea; the other answered 
the douUe puipoae of the rererend gontleman's study and the fiunfly- 



* TheidtaofAisftoryiidCTircdfroniaiiimaginn JoarulofaSomenetshir 
Canat, weBpjiaf ■ limiflt oetavo paga in a periadlMl work, paUiihcd In \7T 
B»pfj iaiithatSBohaMoiyMMBMbawniMaaftbc/HNaityM, 



422 THE CODNTBT CC&ATB. 

pvlouT. Here hia books (and they were very few) were amnged in 
B little recess by the aide of the fireplacc. Thej conaisted ai txk tU 
Bible ; includiug the " Book of Common Prajer ;" Jeramy Taylors 
*' Holj Living and Dymg;" Barrow'a Sennona, aad a voliime M &e 
mathematical woi^ of tbat great divine ; Fuller'a " Abel BediriTiu,' 
and (though Mr. Westorwood waa not a C^Tiniat) the " Klgrin'i 
Fn^jjrees " of Jdm Bunyan, over which, he ased to aay, a noble spini 
of genuine piety prevailed. The reli^ous poema of Dr. Donne, MÜ- 
ton'a " Faradise Loet," an old folio Cowley, and an odd Tolume or 
two of Shakapeare's plays, completed hia library. Bnt out of tbese 
few bo<^ he drew infinite solace under the preaaure of wmt — tmfiul- 
ing amusemetU, (if auch a term may be uaed,) and atill-increaräng eo- 
lo^ement of thought. 

Li one evcnt of hia life, Mr. Westerwood had been eminently fiw- 
tnnate : he hnd married happily ; and though condemned bj ind^eoce 
to live apart from the world, he found a perpetual aonrce t^ raned 
intereat in the aociety of liis helpmate, who, by acüvity fuid laboiioui 
attention to houaehotd dutiea (for they could not affitrd a aemoti. 
lightened the bürden of bis necessitles, and by wiae and cheerful cod- 
Tersation, when they sat togetber in the erening, brightened the 
poverty of hia home üil it shone Uke a little paradiae. Ilie girla mof 
tooyoung to haveanymarkedcharacter; but they were aflecti<xiate lad 
dumul; their dispoütiona, moreover, were so happy, and they confided 
with snch perfect unreserve in thelr poienta, tlüt they scüoely per- 
ceived the privationa whicb they and their faÜier and mother endnred 
diuly. It was u family of love, wliich Misfortune could not Uigbl, 
mir even Poverty render calloua. 

It haa been aaid, that Doctor Bruiner allowed Mr. Westerwood twentj 
pounda a-year for officiating as curat« ; bot thia, thongh the Issest 
part, waa not the whole of hia income. A few slight church-fees we« 
permitted to fall to him ; and when the plurtdiat-rector, accordisg tu 
the faculty of dispensation, was obliged to delivor bis thirteen anniul 
sennona in the benefice of which Mr. Westerwood was curate, the 
latter was able to preach in other pariehea. But altogether his re* 
ceipta were inadequate to the supply of his daily wanta, hoioble as the» 
were. 

In apite of all tbia, our curat« was alert in hia sacied calUng. He 
was a worHng parson, conaoling, as &t aa in him lay, his fellotr-poor 
— the (Aher poor, as he uaed to call them — ^visiting tbe sick, whom 
he comforted with holy words and hopes; healing animoütiea amwg 
bis pariabionera ; giving gbostly comfort to the conacience- stritten by 
demonatrating the efficocy of repentance; and drawing from the goapdi 
perpetual themea for new, eloquent, vital, and edi^ing aermons. Foot 
man! tt is wonderfui how he did all this, gnawn as he was by viper- 
«•res- 

Cowley says of writing poetry, " There is nothing that requires m 
iQUch serenity of spirit : it muat not be overwhelmed with the cares of 
li&) Of OverCBSt with the clonds of melancholy and sorrow, or ahaken 
and diaturbed with the stonns of injurious fortane : like the Halcyoa. 
it rnnst havB ßdr weaüier to breed in." Tme aa thia is, it may, wttb 
eaual tf not greater truth be affirmed as «n almoet neceasary condi- 
^n of Ait naiii who, in compoeing homiliea, has to meditate deeply, 
in oider that his worda may be effectual in reclaiming the vicioiis, the 



THE COUHTRV CUBATS. 423 

cTuel, tbe selABh, and other ungodty persons (rom tha error of their 
wan. Had the rector tbooght fit to ehitke eTen some of bis soper- 
äuitiea into the 1^ of bis poor cnrate, he wonld have given bim the 
inma of mind described hj Cowley . NererthelesB, thongh he lacked 
this, the good man went on zealoiuly in bis vocatioD. Mr. Weater- 
wood's character resembled that whicb Chaucer haa given to tbe puiih 
priest in h'a Frolog:ue to tbe Canlerbuiy Tales :— 

" A good man th«Te vai of Teligünn 
Tlüil «u ■ poarC puxio of & tonn ; 
Bat rkbe be vm of haij thought lod werk. 
Ho «u alio a leaniM maD, ■ clerk, 
Th>t Criititi goipel trmily «olde preche ; 
Hii paiiibeai dcvoatlj «oUe he teohej 
Benigae be wu, tsd «onder dJUgent, 
And ia tdTCtüt^ fnl patieot." 

Patient, indeed, " in adrersit;," was our Somersetebire curate ; 
and bis patience grew the greater the more it was exerdsed. He re- 
collected tbe words of the apostle Peter, in bis first epistle : " If wben 
7« do well, and auffer for it, ye take it patiently, this ia acc(q>tablo 
with God. For evea bereanto were ye cidled." Thus was oor curate 
comforted. 

One evening, when hia little stock of moaej was exhauated — ^wben 
the importunity of tbose who eupplied bim with neceesaries was too 
strong to permit aay further appUcation to tbem, and tbe morrow 
tbreatened to rise dismally — Mr. Westerwood received a letter from 
Doctor Bruincr, sajing he might come to bim tbe next day and re- 
oeive his balf-yearly payment. This was good news indeed. 

" Courage, my dear! said he to his wife. " We shall be in casb 
to-morrow. I slialt stört early in the moming, to as to retom in time 
to make our payments on the same day. Tbe rector ia at bia other 
liring in Devonahire, only eieren miles off. Let me see ; how long 
will it take mo to walk twoand-twen^ miles ? Hiree lurars ther^ 
and an hour for rest, are four ; and thröe bade, make leren. Good. 
Hkd, if I Start at six in the moming, I shall be at hom« l^ Doon. 
How much do we owe, Constonce? " 
" Nearly nine pounds." 

*' I feoräd it was more : excellent ! Then we sball be able to aoqnit 
ourselves of debt, rcnew our credit, and *baTe a ponnd in atore. Out 
of this pound we must buy slioes for the girls, so that they may appear 
more reapectably at cburdi. Thougb my hiüf year's sautry ia due, I 
did not, I mufit confess, expect it so soon, Courage, my dear I After 
all, we shall alcep happily to-night, not dreoding tbe morrow." 

" Never was tbere so gratefcd a beart aa yours, Godfrey," letumed 
Mre. 'Westerwood. 

" Besides sboes for tbe girls," piiraucd the curate, not aoticing bia 
wife'a remari^ " you, my dear Constance, shall have a ne« bonnet.'' 

" No, no," responded she ; " with a fresb ribarul, the oW one will 
look smart enongb. Tour owa raiment," abe added, gasing with 
tearful eyes at her biuband— " your owa raiment, Gtod&ey, ia mudi 

wom, and " 

" Tbink not of it," intemipted Mr. Westerwood. " Ton forget 
that tbe casaock hides a muhitude of imperfectiona in a clei^yman'a 
other garments." 

VOL. VI. yy 



TU COUNTBT CUKATS. ^S 

Oat cvnte, oo bis nwd to ihe reetor'i house, bad to momit «nd 
flcnffmd HTeral of thoae loftjr biUa wbich Ue on this bwden of Deron- 
ihire. Acoordii^ to the fneagK Of d^wn, the moming was cloodleM 
«ad >alti7t wod Mim Mr. Weatervood had walked firo nüles, he feit 
■Inott bnraed b; the waa't fieice nja, and nearly bÜDded hy thie white, 
glaring, and dnsty road. Lai^e weeda nnder the bedges hung their 
Imad Imy« flaocidlj ; and the latelj-sboni meadows locdcod in their 
barenees as though it had beeucmel to robthemof their greendefence 
and leave Ütem parohed and cn^ing beneadi the unraleiUiDg aolar- 
^wmf. In bia haMe to depart from home, and pdaaeas hia balf-jear'a 
aalarj, onr corate had allogelber forgoCten tneakfast, ta that hia thiist 
hy thia time waa tormentii^. WilUmgly woobl he haTe aK^ped at 
aoBM ot the cool-lM^ing wi^-aide inna to refiwh hinuelf ; but, ah», 
he had no ntooejl He miut, thetefofCs taril Mi throngh the hot air, 
which breathed oo him like a fnniace, and mdeaToor to b^nile the 
weaij waj t^ *tii«fcii>g of iba h^|Hiteaa he ritotdd eoon camcy to bis 
hMDe. " Beäidei," ttwng^t hi^ " the lector will, doobtUai, offer me 
balb neat and dtüik." 

Thoa aolariiig '■■■"■l*', onr cnnrte atepped oot amaia; and in Uttie 
moce tban thrae homa, came wtthin aight of the rectiay, — a pleaaant 
hooBOi on a wide and green lawn, dotted with low ahmba and circnlar 
patchee of flowera, and ahaded towarda the east bj a grore of beecb- 
ttaaa. It waa vidi difficnl^ he auppreoaed a riaii^ feding of env7i 
OD contrasting the fragiaot paradiie with hia own narrow tanement in 
aekMe street. 

Wipng hia brow, aud strihing with hia haadkerchief the daat &om 
off hia aboea, in order to make the beat ^ipearanoe poanUe, he rang 
the gate*bcU, and to a Uttle time a powdered and Ureried lackey ap- 
peared, freab, trim, earelesa in face, and {dump in penon. Me wooldn't 
bare walked eieren milea ander a Jnl; stin ; not he. Such things 
migfat do Ttxy wtü for po» gentlamen, bat were altogether beneath 
the dignity pf a footman. 

Oiir tired cnrate being admitted, was conaigned to the ball, while 
Ibe Acnial went to hia maater. Oh, bow Mx. Westerwood eqjoyed 
tbe grateful coolness of thia porch, na he stood wuting to be aumnioiMd 
to Doctor Bninerl He waa glad that tbe rector waa in no haate, aa 
fae feit tbe interral wonld restore hia heated face to ita natmal «door. 
In a abort tine, oor cnrate waa oMidiKted to the library, wbere the 
pfairaliat, in a flowing inonüng-gown and alippera, aat on Üa onahioned 
aofa. Green Yenetian blinda^ ezdnding ann, bot admitting air, tbrew 
a aobdoed and gratefoL light orer the lidily-fnmiabed apartmenL A 
tempting breakfait, odorooa with oofiee, and lackii^ not the eubatautial 
a^oDela of cold fbwl and ham, atood belbre the doctor, who had no 
idea of DXBtÜTing tbe fleah. Hie ammal part of our natnre teemed 
to predoaünate in him, thongh the perfect whitencea <rf hia thick hair 
Kave hin a fMt^'ni^*ffiiti if ool a re* eread look. Snov-whita damaalr, 
mAt sUrer, and traoaparent porcdain, made a goodljr ahow on Ihe 
taow. Gladlj wonld Mr. Westerwood bave beea Mked to ait and par- 
take, for he waa tired, and hnngrj, and thiraty. 

** Yom bmrt bad s loi^ walk thia bot momiDg, and look ratber 
' * Said the rector, " therefoce I will not keep jai. Lat me 



fatigoed," 
•ea,^ kead 



i, ofMDisg a draarer, whieh, aa ba draw it fortit, maft a 
ntiling Mond g( vmn, **! bare to p^ jou ten poondi. Wel^ tbei^ 
172 



4S8 TBE COCNTET COEATE. 

here are nine guiaeus, half a guinea, and sixpence, makiiig the aiiMwiit. 
Just siga my meDQorandtim'boiA, and then, jou kiiow, you iteed dm 
wait longer. You muBt be anxious to get Intck to yoar ütaäy." 

Mr. Westerwood took the mon«j, and eigned the acqnittsnce, wben, 
mustering up n littie courage, he thus folfilled the pnrpose of whieh hb 
had appriaed his wife. 

" Will yoa pennit me, Doctor Bruinor, to saj a few worda bdbre 
Igo?" 

"Ofcottrse, — certainly. What are they?" 

" yfhj, eir," nggined the curate, " it gives me tauch pain to aay 
that I find my income inadequate to my waats. My half-ycariy p^- 
ments are always anticipated by debt, from the contractian of wfaich 1 
cannot disenlJiral myself. I know you will forgive me ibr tM nfci ng, 
that if I should mention this to you, you would make amne littie adifi- 
tion to my means, rather than eee me thua perplexed." 

Doctor Bruinei's countenaaee auddenly became gnve — a sympton 
which tbrew bis poor curate quite aback. 

" Debtl" exdaimed he, with a Strang emphaüa — " d^I — oothinp 
caa be worse than running in debt. You ahonld avoid it in fotsre^ 
Huch miachief accniea from it — much unseemly humiliatioB — et^iecially 
to man of our cloth." 

" But I cannot avoid it," retumed Mr. Weaterwood, soirowfiifiy. 
" My wife and children," added he, with a strong efibrt to "»nifftant 
the Hteadinesa of his voice, and prevent it Irom becoming hyeterical — 
" my wife and children would atarve." 

" You ahould eke out your income, Mr. Westerwood, by keefiag a 
school," pithily observed the ploralist. 

" I have thought of that, sir," retumed our curat« ; " but yon know 
my house is too amall and too mean to receive pnpils, and I have no 
funds to get a better and fumish it adequately." 

" That ia a pity," remarked Doctor Bruiaer. " Hov much are yon 
in debt?" 
" About nine poands." 

" Indeedl olmost all you are nov receiving. How, then, do yoa 
mean to get on?" 

" By satisfying the chums against me," retomed the corate, " and 
thiu obtaining fresh credit" 

"Veiybad indeed!" ezclaimed Doctor Bruiner, looking (ao Mr. 
Westerwood thought) with an aspect of commiseratioo at hin. 
" Why, yon are only lengthening the linka ofyonrchain. Touepeak, 
my good sir, of your wife and children. How many children bave 
you? It b not mere curioüty that prompis my inquiry." 

This was atriking a tender chord, and it was stricken with an tp- 
pearance of tendemeea. lie cnrate's heart beaved and palpiUted and 
swelled under the idea that his hard case was rect^tiised, and that re- 
üef would aoon be annonnced. Long-endured aorrow and Coming joy 
were too much for him ; his manhood gave way, and tean roBed down 
his cheeka as he replied, 

" I have three danghtera, sir — Ihree helplesa giris." 
" Wellt" ntomed the rector, " we cannot call tbat a hrga CamJly. 
T mwelf have one more child than yoo." 

Ttäe was a discouraging rMnark. Mr. Westerwood did not er- 
actiT see its pertinenc« J •* "'^ ""^ perceive what affini^ edstod 



TBE COCNTBT CUBATE. 427 

between the rector and hü fonr duldren, vaited on hy obsequions 
•errantB, liviiig in a hnadsome house mrounded bj gudens, and 
amuKd eveiy novr and theo b^ chmnge c^ scene and pleasant di- 
vermons, — and himself, wife, and three ill-clad girls, cooped up in u 
dwelling little better than a hovel, and condemned to toil and nerer- 
vaiying gkxua, and the pain of straitened meana. Neveitfaeless, he did 
not loM idl bope. So he stood patiently waiting for what waa to come. 

"Then, Mr. Weeterwood, it appeara," resumed the rector, " that, 
after your debts are paid, you will bare onl; one pound in ready 
money for the next half-jear, except what jou may earn bj preaching 
dsewhere than in mj fwiUh" 

" No more, sir," repUed our cnrate, again receiving the doctor'a werde 
as a iaTonrable omen. 

" Bnt," süd Doctor Bminer, " I underetand yonr sermons are yctj 
populär. You must therefore be industrions, and get monej." 

" Industrious!" ecboed Mr. Westerwood, as a pardonable consciooa- 
ness of bis own exertiona arose within iim, " all the tcwn where I 
officiate knowB me for a hard-workiag man. I hardlj ever preach the 
nme lennon twice, and I believe that the sick or the tronbled in mind 
do not call in yain on me for ghoetly consolation. Foi^ve me for 
talking tbus. I spoke unawarea. To boast doea not become a Chria- 
tian minister; let me aay tather that I itrite to fulfil the dnäea of my 
calling." 

" No doubt, no doubt,''replied the doctor; " and I tmst yon will be 
rewarded, if not herc, at least in heaven." 

" I Beck not rtuard in the common acceptation of the word, Mj 
faith teaches me difierentty," replied Mr. Westerwood. " I want, 
nerertbeless, the common means of life, wbich, alas, at present I 
scarcely posseaa!" 

" I am preciaely of your opinion," rejoined the plnralist. " Bat it 
ia as neceseaiT for me to prtierve the means of life, as for you to pro- 
e»re them. I humbly thonk lleaTen that it hos given me a heart 
capable of sympathizing deeply with all my fellow-creatores. I wiah 
to do good to yon and to erery one; but I must take care of myself. 
ToulwTe cbildren dependent on you; ao bare I. I repeat that I must 
take care of myself. Far be it from me, Mr. Westerwood, to pnt you 
to the leaat inconvenience ; but, now I think of it, let me teil you 
that a gentleman haa offered to fill the eure yon now serve for flfteeu 
ponnda a year — one fourth Icsa than I pay you." 

" He woutd starve!" exciaimed the curat«. 

" No," pnrsued Doctor Bruiner. " He is a Single man, and has a 
schotd which he would transfer to the town." 

" And do you intend to take bim?" gasped our curate, bewildered 
at the unexpected turn the conversation bad takeo. 

" Why, not just at present. I mean to act kindly by yon, Hr. Wes- 
terwood; therefore yon will not be diaplaced for the next half year. 
Bat even when yon ehall no longer be my curate, you ma; rely on my 
doing anything in my power to serve you. Be assured, that to Doctor 
Bruiner (he liked sometimes to magnify himaelf by speaking in tha 
third person) " it will always be a aource of gratification to hear of 
your welfare." 

So taying, Doctor Bruiner roee and rang tbe bell. The poor, almoit 
heart-broken curate took tbis hint, and, withoat uttering a syllable. 



428 THB coorrxT cusatk 

ttowed and left the apartment wherein he had aätber talcen leficA- 
nunt aar eren sat down. Tfae aleek and pampered fbotmao cooAactai 
bim aloog a conidor, dirongh the hall, and acroaa the well-l^>t and 6a> 
grant ganleiif when he again foimd himsctf in the bnming road. How 
Bhonld he br«ak lach gloomy newe to his wife? As he Üwiight of «hat 
had pasied between him and Doctor BnÜDer— of the callotu aelfithnwa 
of which he had been the victim — the wanton rainng of his bt^pes, onlj 
that thej might be more ägaaiiy cruahed — the cmel and grataitana ia- 
quiaition into his affairo — the cold-blooded afiecUtion of spnpmäif. 
united with real tjrann; gloatiag on distress — (a cat-like preteoee of 
dalliance ending in laceratiou)— whea be tboug^t of all dils, tfae iinrit 
of Adam was strong within him. But as he reflected on the meebieu 
of Him wbo bore all wronge, even the cross, witbout repinii^ oor 
cniate's reaeniment was stilled, and he waa caha. 

What eoaned, on his retom to bis wife and children sball be ttdd ia 
tlu next cb^iter. 



ANOTHER LEAF FEOM MT THEATRICAL BECOL- 
LECTIONS. 

BT DBIXKVATBB HEADOWS. 

Theatbical salaries are usnally paid on Satorday momings; bnt we, 
Stratford-npon-Avon actors, were infonned, on the arriTal of oor Sxii. 
pay-day, that "the ghost would not walk"' ontil the evetiing; an^ 
dttriDg tbe perfonnance, Mra. Manager desired me to call upoa ber tat 
my Bslaij, tbe foUowing moming, "after church," as ahe abonld 
pay me berself then, presuming, as ehe said, it couldmake no differoiee 
to me, and that I iihoiüd be able to " carry on tbe war" until that time. 

I did not fail to fblfil my engagement; aod at the time specdfied I 
hastened to tbe reaidence of my goTemess, which waa witiun a few 
doors of tbe house wbere " Sweet 'Willy Sbakspeare" was bom. As 
I qiproached the residence (^ my treasureas, I saw her looking ont of 
tbe parlaur window, and, ou my reaching it, she faeld fortb ber band, 
Kai placed in miae — not twenty-one Ghillings, but lAree — onfy Üute ! 

I ventured to say, " This is not my salary, ma'am." 

" There needs no ghost come from the grave to t«ll us that, ytxtng 
genüeman," she replied. " I am well aware of it, for your letter of 
engagement, or ratber a copy of it, is now befora me, for I am veiy 

methodicat in my a&irs; but Mr. , tbe prompter, Stands ind^tcd 

to nie tbe sum of two Shillings and sixpence; as thus, air — I gave faiia 
a soTereign tbis morning, his salary is seventeen and aixpence pv 
week, he could not Rive me cbange, tberefore is my debtor. Toa 
muat wait upon him Ua the balance due to me; keep it — you will thea 
have received fram me five Shillings and sizpence; retum hitber after 
your dinner, and more money sball be yours. Atlieu." 

I lost no time, but was prompt in cJling upon the prompter ior the 
8Üd two and sixpenoc, preferring " cating my mutton cold," to loeing 
" the means whereby I (was to) live." He paid me tbe enoinuHu 
sum, quoting tbe worda of Chartet Surfaee — " somebody eise mayeall 
who has a better right to it." 

* A rvj cdd IhMliical term for the jmjitig of alaric«. 



JUrOTHBR IiBAF rmOM KT THBAIVCAI. BECOLLBCTIC»». 429 

JC j dinner ow, I reptmtai my vi^ to 017 insUbnent saUrj-pKror, 
aikd raeeiTed fron iier five ghilUngs more, wHb a AxrUier coauoaiid to 
call opoD her in the evening at eigbt o'elock, wban the baUnce dne 
■hoaU be pud in ftilL 

jUt this uppeared rerj odd to me, espedallf ■* ^ 1*^ could not 
be reo^Tittg mMiej on a Snodaj, and I waa gnatlj ponlad to find n 
reuoQ for my bwg paid thua by dribieto ; twweTer, ba th« tom 
olock strack ei^t I knoeked at ber door — " the tUrd time of aAoig," 
aitd was deaired bj the serraot to wah. AfW a dtort delaj sbe r»- 
tomed, and haaded ms four Shillings, with ** Minsmui'n com^imenti, 
«nd Shell give 70U tbe rest of jonr money to-mmrow, ot tbe 7%^a-tcr;'* 
and, sure eoougb, I did then and there receive it. 

I inqoired of one of tbe meton, bow it was I bad tktu nceiTed mj 
aaUiy? 

" I cannot teil," said he; " she is a rery Strange lady, as joo will 
find: but be thükful yon bare reodred it anybow. Be ba^y, and 
Study hard wbilst yon have money in yoor purae; for wbea tlüt ahall 
bMMaa eu^ity, you will find it «s difflcnl^ ny young gentleaun, to 
get w<ad8 into yoor bead aa food into yoor stonacb. We ahall bare 
good buHnesi, I dare any; bot oor soreraign lady left so many Ulla 
anpaid bere last aeasoo, wbieh mnit be paid now, or we can't go oo, 
tliat 1 fear wa ahaU not oft«n reeeire fall idiariea. Bat don't despsir; 
«•t läghtly, drink wster, and sit in an old ooat in the boimo, * my csn- 
•tant cnston in tbe aftemooo.' I bare an old aequaintaBoe bere with 
vbona I dine nearly evary day; on my first cccning, he reqnested I 
would do so^ as be was satis&ed a Single man conU nerer dine cam- 
jortaldy in a iodging, tberefore tbere woaU alwnys be a ksife aad 
fbrk for me, and ^ tMped I woold ose it as often aa I poasibly eoald. 
Aad ao I do — fonr daya oat of the seven, at leaat. Why, how yo> 
■tare ! Idoit nptm princ^iUi if be really meant it, of ooune he taust 
be ddighted to see me; aül, ifkt did not, it is a just panishment for 
bis hypocrisy." 

" Tliat is eapital," I rentured to say. , 

" Capital, indeed. If you ever hare auch a chanc^ don't tbrow it 
away." 

Döring oor stay in Stradbrd, an aotor in want of an engagement 
" oroeaed the Company," aa traveÜing firom oae oompany to another in 
■eard of a litaatioa ia called; hig nune, I think, was Dendale, and as 
our Company was thin, (ghort of numbera,) he was instantly engaged, M 
make himaelf " generally useful" — that is, to do anything and eirerj- 
tlüi^. He had very recently left a " sharing scheme," a »ort of 
bnbble, where " share and share alike" was the order of the day— tbe 
Blander reoeiving ooe share for bis management, one for hia aolii^, 
and one for his scencry, bookü, and wardrobe; one idao tor his wif^ 
if ahe were an aotreas. 

In the " palmy days of the drama" sharing scbemes flouriabed, so 
much at times, as to give eigbleen, nineteen, twenty. and oooasionally, 
twenty-fire Shillings per weäc to each indiridual; but the joint-ateck 
Company from which our new comrade came had not, he toM ns, 
yielded more than fonr, five, or six Shillings per week, although the 
com^my waa very thin, (not nomerous.) 

"I heard," said he, " that you were very ahy here aa to numben^ ao 
I thought I woold walk my body orer to yoa, althovgh ' the ntmcnr 



430 ASOTHEB I.EAF PBOM 

lud reached me,' that the ghoBt did not walk r^ularly with jou 
every weelc.* I can make myet^ usefol in onj' companj, moA plij- 
anjüimg ftnd everTÜiing — the Irrst or second ligbts,T the beariea.^ 
the eccentrics,§ or ihe low comedy bits — ^the testy old men or coantij 
tx^; am up to aiij dialect, can play Iriehmen, Scotchm^), Welshmen, 
swors, Gesaans and Jewe — Harlequin, Clown, or Pantahmo— oan nng 
Comic aongs, and daoce anjthing, from a minuet to a clog-faomjHpc 
I irent on Ü for everyttBng at Sutton, and stood mj* ground in the 
juveniles and sailora at Wedgbiuy — made a grent hit in Daran, in 
' The Exile,' and astonisbed the natives in Chtmpamet — plajed tbem 
both in the stock-businees,^ and took tbem for tay Ben.** afterward»; 
olflared hy tt two pounds three and sixpence — the manager oaiy beat 
me on bis night Beven and sixpence, though he stuck at the bottotn Ol 
the billa that all demands upon him would be discharged the foUowia; 
daj—not a bad gagtt that, my bojs, leave the Manager alone."* 

Tbia gentleman waa an excee^ngl^ merry, careless, funny felhnr: 
hifl age somewhere about forty-fire, beight middling, yery ehort legi-, 
pot-bellied, small, piercing dark eres, and jet Uack hiur, long asd 
flexible. On first presenting bimself before the Company et rehnn^ 
immediately after hie arrival in Stratford, be waa dressed in a mety 
black coBt, exceedingly long in the ekiits, somewhat white in the seams, 
high in the collar, and here and there void of a button — Berersl o£ 
tfaoee which remained were caating thcir coats, the monlds peepü^ 
forth like half-hatched chickens from their shetla— -a waiateoat of doobt- 
fol colour and material — it was either a very dirty white, or a waj 
pale y^ow — bnttoned aa high up on tbe breast as tbe make wonM 
pennit; thence to bis throat pins sufficed to hide, efiectnally, bia linen; 
bis neck was adomed with a faded, red cotton 'kerchief ; he wore do 
Shirt oollar, at least not in sight; nankeen trowsers, which, &oin re- 
peated (not recent) wasbing, had evidently lost their c<donr, gnced 
hie lower extremities — they were made very wide, long and looee, 
(Cossack trawscrs were tbe rage then;) blsck worsted hose, stroag 
aboQp, tied with black worsted binding, and a rus^, narrow-lffiauned 
hat completed bis costnme. 

Tbe evening after bia arrtvtil I required a pair of black "onmen- 
tionables" for Üie character I was to perfoim, and on requeating oor 
" mifitress of tbe wardrobe" to let me bare tbe said, the only pair we 
possessed of that colour, ehe wished I would wear sometbing eise, "it 
would so accommodate," ehe said. 

"Whyahouldl?" 

" WeÜ, air, I think anything eise would look better; you can have 
the yellow plushes, if yon please." 

" They wont do," said I. " Wbo ever saw Lawj/er EniBett, or anj 
lawyer, in yellow plusbes?" 

" Well, air, 1 am very sorry to aay, you can't hare our blacke; and 
Uiere's an end of it" 

" Bnt why can't I have tbem, 1 should like to know?" 

" You will promise not to mention it, if I teil you?" 

" Certainly." 

• SaUrjei not pwd. j Acted. 

t Th« light or gentMl eomed;. * Tbe night« aot appropriated for bcDCfita 

± PiiarrD, the King in Hamlet, &c ■■ Benefit. 

f Or. Panglo«, Ollapod, &c. ff PuK 



KT TBBATIICAI. BSCOUJKTIOIfS. 431 

" Well. Uien, I lutre lent them to tiie new gentleman— he as was 
eagoged yesterda; — to irur, poor tnao, tili he geta his oini aaukeens 
washed and tnendod !" 

We DCted oolj oae of ShskspeaTC's plays dming onr seoson in 
Stratford, " The Merchant of Venicer ftir SÜiakspeare, tbe inhabitants 
Said, was a (trug there, and no wonder, for I found evel^ strolling 
«ompanr, oa obtaining permiEsion to act in tbe town, invariablj' an- 
notmced something " trom thc text of Shakspeare" — ^from inde«d ! and 
that) too, without any reference to the number of characters, or the 
persona required to sustoin them. If & representative was wanted for 
auch or such a part, " cut it out," or " double it" with so and so, was 
the Order of the iuy. 

A party of two or three had, occaaionally, on poswig Ihrough Strat- 
ford, halted thera, and announced (&equentljr in written bills) "cele- 
brated scenes from Shakspeare," — " no reckoning inade" as to the how 
they could be cxecuted, " but sent with all their (the actors') imper- 
fcctions on their head." 

The following is a copy of a bill shewu to me in Stratford: — 

" Mr. and Mrs. , accompanied hj Ur. , from the Theatre 

Royal Glasgow, on their way to the metropolis, will, by permission of 
tbe Right AVorsbipful the s£iyor, and by particular desire, deliver an 
entertainment culculatcd to amuse and enlighten the moet fastidious, 
aelected with the grcatest care and attention from the works of the 
Immortal William Shakspeare, the Smm of Awm, and Native or 
TB18 TOWK. The eveniDg*s entertainment will conunence with Ham- 
Ui» celebrated SoUloquy upon Deatb — ' To be, or not to be,' which 
will lead to < Collins' Ode on the Fassions.' lag^i comments npon 
Jealonay — ' Oh, my Imd, beware of jealousy.' The angry quarrel 
between Brulut and Cauiiu, from thehistoriräl play of ' Julius Cssar.' 
The tenific curse of -King Lear. Mereutii/i nnparalleled description 
of Dreams — ' Oh, then I see Queen Mab hath been with you.' 
J^frtia't sublime deflnition of Mercy—' The quality of mercy is not 
atnüned.' The celebrated scene between Maebtth and Ladif Macbtth, 
io the exact coetume of that day, commencing with — ' Is thia a dagger 
wMch I see before me?' Two scenes from the comedy of ' As You 

Like It,' hy Mr. and Mrs. , in the characters of Rotalind and 

Orlando ; Touehttone by Mr. . Between the first and second 

parts Mr. will sing Grimaldi'a most laughable song of ' Tippity- 

witchit,' Front seats, one Shilling ; back £tto, sixpence. Ladies' 
cloaks, shawls, and bonnets, token care of. Private families snd 
schools Bttended at an hour'a notice, and on reasonable terms. An 
excellent aiaortment of plays and farcce tent to read at one penny 
eacb." 

Such annoancementa and exhibitions suffldently accounted for the 
*< beggarly account of ompty boxes" whenever a play of ^akspeare's 
WMS actedj and, ossuredly, the receipts were connderably less on the 
occasion of our acting " The Merchant of Venice" than on any other. 

My beoeät produccd me a clesr proflt of six pounds some odd 
»ifaQUiigB — a mine of wealth — a never-to-be-exhansted treasure, as I 
then fanded, especially u our salsries were very regnlarly poid, tbe 
tmmneas being "good — vety goodl" We were pronounced to be 



433 AMOTBBB lAAF IBOK 

"thebestut BS erer aeted in StrM&vd." lirnnaoätttAtOa^iha 
goodnesB of our bonsea, the regnluity with whkh we vere ptäA, tmi 
the appUuae bestowed upoa üb, worked ft wondroua dmge in alL 

The efiecte of our treaauij r^ulorij wiswering aU demaada wer« 
Booa visible in our " new oomer," u wß alw^s caSed Mr. Datdale. 
Hia rus^ felack cost was renovated — bis waietooat, of donbtfnl odoor, 
r^;ena«ted— <A« nankeena retumed to him redooed in töxe, and ti a 
d(^d«d reddish jdlow, the efiects of the kondrea^ ^jü^ "i^ la^ti- 
ing — bis black Iiose gave way to nnUeached cottoni hi« aboea wen 
tied witfa ferret, and a figured ootton crarat adomed hia neck — be vaa 
a new man! 

" Aborntcliilddreads the fire;" and I was ao fearlul of onr atoppii^ 
pajmeiit some day, and belog compelled to cbange mj fifer, (fiTe-poond 
note,) as to detennine me to live very frugally, and opon humble fivc. 
I lodged in the same houae witfa a bröther actor; we boarded tog«tbo, 
each paying an eqaal share; oor weekly ezpensee were aoon settled — 
oar housekeeping not requiring any great book-keeping. 

My brother lodger and adf became veiy fond of fisbing— onr ocko- 
pan/a propenaity — and we indulged in the piscatorial exerciae when«Ter 
an opportnnity ofiered, often supplying onr table at a che«^ rmte. We 
ooold fish and study, study and fitJi. I made myaelf perfect in Bti 
Aeret whilst fiatüng in the Atmi, and oommitted the worda to nj 
memray as I conuuitted the fiah to my basket. 

It was perfectly immaterial to os what we caug^t — trout, roacb, or 
gndgeon— all was fiab that came to our net, and coDsidered exoeÖnt 
whea placed on oor table; but, alaal there were times wben the scaly 
inbabitanta of the Aron coold not be ioduced to patroniae onr Unes of 
Performance, or swallow the bait tbrown ont for them, and so enaUe 
US to Bare our bacon — they too often floated before us in impiiiiiMt 
mockery — passed by us in sportiTe play, with, as I faacied, a maUdoiB 
smile in aU tfaeir ftces, a sort of " don't you wiah you may get it !" «r 
" a hooky" expressioa in all their eyes, wagging their predona taila ia 
idle waggery; the water was, at times, too traoaparon^ and aos to tbe 
finny tribe, were our intentiona. We often laboared in vain to ti^le 
them into compliance and a diycr ütuation; and finqnaitly we night 
bave whistled fbr a dinner, witii quite aa mucb snoceaa as we fidied 
for it. 

Mr. and Hro. Bartley were announced to act wiüi ne tar "one 
night only," on their way fran Birmingham. Hie |neoes aeleded 
were "Isabella" and the " Iriahman in Londmi.'' Mrs. Bartley acted 
JtabeBa ; Mr. Bartley, Bmm and Edward. AH the aeata in tfae 
boxes were let, and two rows taken in from the pit in addititm; Ae 
front seata in oor bam theatre being the boxes, the middle aeata tbe 
pit, and the back'the galleiy — three shilUugs, two, and one. 

The female portion of our Company consisted of only foor ladies — 
viz., tbe manageress; a young lady, veiy juvenile in appearanoe; a 
somewhat older lady, engaged to act " prinöpal charaotera only"— a 
sort of double for our mietress; and ao elderly person fbr tbe oU 
women, who waa to act the Nvrm, in " laabella;" bot, to oor ecn- 
atemation, she died very suddenly tfae day before, and how to enpi^y 
her place at tbe moment we knew not 

Onr juvenile lady's acting tbe Nun« was quite ont of tbe qoeetion; 
«od our prindpal hkdy, upon principle^ refuaed to do it, tboog^ aoUciied. 



MT THBA.TUOU, BXOOLLBCTKmB. 43S 

" If," MÜd die, to the metiiig-manag«r, somenrlutt pomponal;, " I once 
go oat of my line, I ihall be ooDtintuIljr reqtdred Ui do Mme ancli pre- 
posteroos tÜng or otber. No, ur; let the great Udy, oor managereas, 
do it heraelf; she's a good flgnre for the put, is thirty years older tlua 
I am, and therefore mach fltter for it. I must preaerva my con- 
Mqnenoe in the thektre, nr. If the pUy wen to be icted withoat a 
Star, / Bhonld be the Itabella, of eouree, imlesB Mn. HeaTjBides, u I 
call her, shonld chooee to espose bereelf in it ; (and there would be a 
riot in the houee, if ehe did; for I am too great a faTOtirite here to be 
trifled with, nr.) Let her play the Nune herseli^ for potitivefy I 
thaÜ Tut. ' Oood oame, in man and womao, is the immediate jewel of 
their aouls, sir!' And for me to sink down to the fat old woman, at 
nty time of lifo, and in my position, would be to cut the throat of ^ 
professional reputation. ' Wbo Bteals my purae, eteals traah;' but 111 
take care and not be robbed of good parte, and then throst into bad 
on«s, sir! 'I know my price.' Hv kind regards to the managereas, 
sir, hoping, if abe undertake the NuTse, ehe may make a decided hit 
in it, aod take to that line of businesa. Adieu, yoa have oor answer." 

The manageress was thus cgmpelled to become ItabeUa't Nurie, to 
our no Bmall amasement, " for that night onlr," as the billa atated; 
and certainlj not a " diy nurae," as the sequel will shew. 

Mr. and Urs. Bartle; did not arrive in time for a rehearsal, tbere- 
fore tbey were not acquainted with our atage arrangements, and mnet 
have been very greatlj aatonighed when the; beheld them- 

The hoiuewaacnunmed; the play went off reallyveiy well, until tb« 
last scene, in which ItaMla is tom from the dead body of BiroHf 
and dragged hj the servonts from the stage. 

Our numbers being few, and the management not in good odour 
with the corpt, there was coOEiderable difficnlty as to who Bhonld, 
could, or would asgiit in remoring Itabtüa. " l ean't do it," said one. 
"1 wont do it," Said another. " If Itabdta be not carried off, tili I 
do it," aaid a third, " ehe wül remain tiQ I have mj salary douUed, 
or Tay Tamworth arreara be pud; and I don't see mach chance of 
either." 

It was at length arranged that the manageress herseif, aa the Ntirte, 
assiatcd by the " gent" who was to play Count Baidwin — a ahort, thin 
old man, with an affection of the lungs, accompanied by a weaiying, 
wearing cough — ahould " bcar the body off." 

The time for removing Iiabdla arrived, but, alas ! Counl Baldmn'» 
cough seized him at the moment, so that he could not movc ; and the 
Xurte, haTing, it was cbaritably su^ested, had an attack of an old 
complaint, during the evening, had taken an over-dose of eau-de-vie, a 
Bovereign remedy with ber; in conscquencc of whioh, when die knelt 
down to assist in raising TsaheUa from the ground, she found berself 
incapable of so mnch exertion, and feil prostrate by ber sidc. 



CoHHt Baldm» coughed, bnt could not asön the Nurwe ; die Jfttne 
lay prootrate, and could not assist Itabelia or herielf; neither could 
&aMla bear berself off. Höre was a scene! — aU, as PuffoKjh, were 
" at a dead lock;" and muat have remained sc^ had not our scene- 



LEVER'S " TOM BUKKE OF OüRS." 

ToAT thii naent addition to a succeuful §erieB of worka is writtea 
upon the plan »ad prindple of its predecessora has doobtleaa beoa 
sufficient to aecure il imnÜBdiate popularity, and poanbl; that favour 
would have been riaked, or at least lessened, if for the ezpected voriety 
of brilliant, stormy, and excitiug aceues, continuBllj' ahifting, a rc^- 
larl/ coostructed story, and a plot elaborated and lud dowa with 
military ezactness, Uke a plan of battle, had been substitut«d. Wiio 
■3 to expect an author to employ tbe ingenious agenciea of the moat 
carefal and deeplj studied art, whea it ia precbely bj the want of 
them tbat be worka hia charml Mr. Lever producea big effecta, not 
by one grand aad startling conception steadily purened and worked 
out, bat bj tbe namber and impreaaivenesa of a seriea of picture^ 
cach of wÜch ia tbe atoiy it«elf white it last«, and must kindle ite own 
emotiona of laiif;hter or tear, pity or horror, or it fails. What euch 
worka want of laboriousl^ wrougbt oot efibct as a wbole, in the long- 
defen-ed cataatrophe, they clearly gain in tbe animation and forqp 
which cboracterize aU tbeir component parta, and make each cbopter ia 
Buccession a romance in itself. The reader, at the end, feela tbat he 
bas, " aupped füll" of terror, pathoa, whimsicalitj, or life-like adven- 
turo, aa the case ma; happen, and haa read a narrative the couree of 
which required no long, tedious detail, or tiry explanatory interlocu- 
tions, to elacidate cluiracter by cboracter and connect acene with 
ecene. Though tbe strain upon him haa been long maintalned, and 
bis curiosity haa been kept protractedly upon tbe stretch, jret be is 
nerertbclesi thankful for baving eacaped the dulness which the cir- 
cumatantial and ateady-gmog narrator often find« it impoeaible to 
avoid. 

But «llhougb Hr. Lever baa not yet tbought it expedient to take 
iip hia poaition on tbe fleld of literatore witb a display of great general- 
ehip in hia plana and arraogemente, and althongh the preaent, like bia 
other worka, doea not evince any forethought with r^ard to bia 
deaign, or aaj conatructive power beyond the aimplrät order of 
arrangement, yet it ia not to be inferred that some neceaaaiy art ia 
wanting, or that tbere ia not a needful senae of metbod and order in 
the manageinent, not of the atorj, but of ibe chief charocter, which 
keepa alive ita intereat. Oq tbe controry, tbere ia in Tom Burke a 
manifeatation of conaidenble art in tbia reapect, under circumalance» 
which commonly imply the abeence of it. 

Tom "of ouia" ia truly Irish, yet he aeema a kind of Frenchmao. 
Ile ia a patriot of '96 engaged on tbe French »tage ; an ardent lover of 
libertjt yet amitten to deaporation with the beroistn of Buou^Mrte, and 
fighting for the military despotism wtiicb it estabUahes ; a youtti who 
always thinks rigbtly, and generally acta wrongly; who ia, nndcr all 
circnnutancea, true to bia truat, and half hia time on tbe tmj rerge of 
betraying it ; who is to the inmoat core £aithful to friend and maater, 
and. yet ia continually fouad in tbe Company of tbeir enemies, and is 
often compromised; wbo ia all hoooor and patriotaam, yet eontriTea to 
get mixed np with secret plottera and blood-sbedders in Ireland, and 
wiüi the iniuriate and remorseleas Clwaana ia FnaWi who nerer 



436 I.ETER's "TOM BDItSB OV ODBS." 

Iiarboured a dishonanrable thonght, or oommitted a di^raoefbl ieeL 
and yet is tried for treason in one conn^ and feltmy in anotber- 

Ib Üub enoogh to itnply the thonnighly Itigh temper and conditkn 
of OUT poor, perplexed, entangled hero? There is more behiitd. 
" Borke of Oiirs" has a fkther who loves bim, bot diaowiw and bc^pn 
him; a brother who nerer sees, bot delighU to rain him; ^—i!«— 
after a fitshioD, who are bis deadlj foea; a coantrj he is anxioaB to £t 
ibr, that thinta for hü life as her eaemy while yet a 1x7; a cttvatrj bj 
ad<^tion, &om which he ia glad to escape with all of tbe gallant and 
bonoiinble blood he has not shed in her defenc& Hs haa cneucf 
erer od bis track; friends who are eontinnally cODdnetii^ hink ialD 
trapB and jntfalla; companions who invite him to a doel onoe a da;: 
and lastly, a migtress whom be paseionately adores, bot wbo, maida t: 
abe is, and loving bim with equal pnri^ and excesi, b oar B , hy tke oUi- 
gation of the maniage ceremony, the name of another, aad ia inderd 
tiie wife of bis bend'actor 1 

Here, at least, should be enongb to stimnlat« coiion^. Bot >£ 
tbese contradictions are acconnted for and recondled with do eamam 
art, and eveiy inconsstency is regulated upon a [dao that rtaden h 1 
flttiag and well-adjasted portion of tbe cbaracter or tfae poaitiim. la 
fact, Tom Burke ia entirelj natural, bat Btrictlj Iridi; in haläti^ di^ 
Position, and fortnnea, he is gloriouslj Iriah. 

The aathor'fl principal object in tbis woik ia the porb^al of tbe 
general features of militaiy life in France, during a period nn- 
questionably moet fovourable to its display, and destined to be e?« 
fämous, b^ond all modern precedentj in the annala <^ tbe worU. 
The time was, we need not say, the time of the Consal and dw 
EmperoT. The eveuta and charüÄers, or what ia more v^oelj oDed 
the " ligbts and shadowB," of tbat extraordinary period, wen ehoaai ai 
a snbject wbich might be treated with little aid mna äctioo. Tlie ab- 
ject, too, had been long meditated upon, but it appears that diatnut aad 
difficnlties arose in tbe course of it, and the original plan was departed 
from. Mr. LeTer aaja at the close, what is more to be re^rettad, tbat 
these, "combined with failing healtb, rendered what might have be« 
a matter of interest and amnsement to the writer, a tele of labonr and 
aaxietj." The annooncement is not to be read withoot aympathj aad 
Goncem; bnt as regards tbe narrative itaelf, we ventnro to asy, du 
such a declaration could nowhere be antidpated. Tbe power of tbe 
Work is espedally strong and vivid in aevetal of the doong aeeaee, 
and the admirable expoeitions io an Irish conrt of justice, witb tti 
superb tonches of character and humour, are no whit inferira' to tboee 
graphic scenee in which Irish barbarism and refinement, Iiiab canning 
and fidelity, above all, Irish porerty, oppreBsira, and lore of coontiy, 
are so aptöididlj pjwtnyvA in the <^>ening of tbe stoiy. 

Hie scene b^wera these two Irish ptnnts, and thranghoot thewbole 
body of the narrative, lies in France, ander the veiy eye of Napoleco, 
who is conatantlj on tbe scene. Bis shadow is ova it, Uke a i(«U. 
The image introdueed doea not violate our ctmcqitiona of trUh, or 
distqtpoint expectation. It is no disj<üiited or inflated inperaoiiatka 
of gloTj ; but a delineation real enough, and coloored 011I7 ap to tbe 
character of tbe scene it moves throngh. It ia neitbar «i»<— »«« 1, nur 
abstraot and idealized} neitber merdr formal, nor fatgfalj' fantanrir 
Hr. Lerer writee with entbnaiaani ; if be bad writtcn otherwise, be 
nnBt bare written most Satlj ; but bis estimate of the great siiUtatj 



LSVU'b "TOK BimKE OF OUBS." 437 

geotua, <^ the mightr CBigmcitj that controUed meti, and the power of 
charMter tlut dMd its inflnenoeB over all, sel^tta ontstripB bare 
joBtioe, and ka carafolfy diacnminates between the hero and thedespot 
—the gigantic deeda and theJr destdating oonaeqiiences. 

Eqoal auooess marita die haa^ bnt gr^hic sketchea of die mardials; 
the Btateamen, and the i^enta, conrtly aad military, amronnding the 
gimnd flgure. StiU greater abilitr is shewn in the portnitures of the 
chiefa ^ the Bourbon partjr, and in the narratire of the stniggle, 
captnre, and imprisonment ot the desperate Chouana and their terrible 
leader. Amongst the duncters most ably drawn, or ezhibited in a 
light the moat [«ctiireaqn^ b the lojaliat Beanvaia ; bat still more 
maaterlf is the aketch of the inty üd aceompliahed ChevalieT Dn- 
cheane. 

The chancter of thia nibtle penon, his Spirit of intrigne, bis un- 
aatcd deaira for rerenge when onoe injored, the scofflng principle of 
hia natore, the tendency ot his powerfbl nünd to depredate what all 
■round him lored or respected, to strip life of eveij beantifol fllusion, 
and rednoe the DoUe to the ntteil^ aelfiah, is very nicely conceived ; 
and in the ezecation of the conception, exhibiting the evil influences 
witb which he mjaterionaly woiks ont his ends, a high power, bothftf 
the dramatic in art, and the moral in pnrpoee, is qoietljr bot atrikinglj 
disfdayed. 

Thera is another set of diaraetera, dnwn, aa may be snppoeed, with 
an intimate knowledge of all the general featnres of active müitarj 
Ufe, and with a keen insight into the peculiaridea of the ütuaticHia in 
which they are represented. These are the soldiers, whether in 
bivouac, or the chuge, in the mad langhing rcTel, in tbe hopeless 
march, or in the ghaatlj litter bome along to exulting criea of " Vive 
FEmpertur f Chief amongst tfaeoe is a chancter, old Fioche, who 
will ever be famoos among corporals — a rank in the anny which 
literature has rather delighted to hononr. In connexion with his 
touching Btoiy, will be reoHmbered the fate and character of one of 
the fenünine powera of the iioA — the channing, the irresistible Vivan- 
diere, thos known only hj her militaiy deaignation — the good angel of 
the army, and at once tbe moet soft and daring, the boldest and most 
delicate, of her sex. Ont of the exaggentic« and melo-dramatic 
adventnre which snrronnd her, still rises an inuge, tnie to nature, and 
ezquintely womanly; and of tbe other female charactere of the stoiy, 
all that it is necessary to lay is, that they are drawn with puri^ of 
taste, and power of painting, and that an infloence is thuB akiltully 
derived, which materiiülysoftens the savage and rev<dtlng associations 
of the nairatire. 

Yet another dass of charactere there is, in which great fidelity and 
power may be disoenied ; and these are more entirefy of the Irish 
Order. The chartctirätic sketchea are nnmeroui ; bnt they all fade 
before Captain Bnbbleton, who is a farce-hero of tbe first water, and 
must have astonished Lord Castlereagh. But he is, after all, a com- 
mon-place, when measared with Darby M'Keown — the lying, darii^ 
TJllaiünis, nnconscionable, yet most conscientiouB, brave, faithfnl, 
honest, Ireland-Ioring piper I He is a creature to know, and in numy 
of the Anest qnalitiea that lifl man out of his native grossoess, often in 
apil« of '■*™«f**'i into alinoat angelio endeaTonra for his kind, nnks 
with Pioche and the Vlvandiere. 

Of tbe bero himself, the gallant and agreeable " Tom Borke of 



i&aint Same«*«: 

THE COUBT OF QUEEN ANNE. 

BT THE BDIT««. 
BOOE THE THISO. 

CHAPTEB T^ kLITKRTB. 

wBBBsnr Kuur AiTAim !■■ xnaEar ronn or xa AXBRioii tXD xn 
KAMon ]» «viacABS la dupokd or. 

Sh<«tx.t afterwirds, Mr. Buni^, an emioeDt Bur^eon, rending 
near Saint James'a Park, arrived, and while ezatnimng die exlent 
of iDJui; Bustained by the saffenx, the penknüe-blaiw £eU &oni 
tfae «ÜBtcoat iDto bis band. Seeing tlua, HaHe^ toc^ it &oia 
him, obaerring, with a smile, that it älonged to hun, and request* 
ing that the bandle of the knife miaht be preserred. He tben 
demanded of the Bor^eoD, whether bia huits wece likelj to [»ove 
mortal? "Ifjon tbink •0t*'be8aid, **do not bide yoor fe«a 
firom me. I prdess no idle «Uarcgard of death, bat there tre 
•ome fiunily a^ra whidt it is oeceflaaiy I abonld anange befere 
I am driTen to extremity." 

** I am not «[^»efaensiTe of any wrions Danaeqnence^ mr," 
zeplied Bnan^ ; " bot aa a sligbt fever will probably enaoe» it 
may be well not to allow anytbing to dtatinb your mlxÜL If yoa 
have any anaogeiDenl^ theiefere, to make, I would xecommend 
yon not topoa^one tbön." 

« I naderstand yon, nr," letnmed Hariey, "and will not ntf^ect 
the cautiML'* 

His woimda wen tfaen [vobed and dieased. He hon tbe 
opetatiaa, wbidt waa neceänrily painfol with ^reat ibrütnde, 
not once nttering a gtxMO, and jestingly remarkin^ aa tbe in- 
duoa waa enlatged, that tbe raigetm^ knift was abaiper tban 
Oniacanl^ Tbedrcanngcontiäeted, Bnasitedeclaredtbattheie 



cxoept the nwanniii. wbo> as be Uy bound in a comer, gave vent 
to bis dis^ipointment in a deep ezeciation. Thisdrew HadeVa 
attentüm to liini> and be bea;ed Busn to to examine hif wooDda. 
< ''Betterletiiiedi^''criM Guiscard; " fbr if I recorer I will 
nake such revelationa aa aball fbr erer blast yoor credib'* 
"Ungtatefiildogr' ezclaimed Saint-John ; **actualed,asyon 
Tou TL aa 



440 8AIVT JAms's: OB» 

evidently are, hj viodictiTe motiTeB, any Statement yoa msy mAe 
will be oisregarded." 

" You yoiuself ue equallj guilty witli Haiiej, Ssmtnjgbn," 
rejoined Guiscard. " I denoimce tou boüi as tnübHB te ym 
coontiy and your queen, and I deaue to bave my «atds wnUea 
down, that I roay subscribe tbem before I die." 

" It is useless," cried the Duke of Onoond. " No one wiS 
believe the accuaation <^ an assaBsin." 

" You are all in league t(«ellier," cried Guiscard. "If joo 
irill not listen to me, let a pcieet be sent fof. I will make mj 
con&asiott to him. 

" Better let the villain speak." remarked the Esrl <^ RoeheWw; 
who, it may be remembeied, was Harley*8 opponeu^ " or it inay 
be Said hereafter that his chärgeB veK stifled. 

" I perfectiy agree with you, my lord," süd Haiiey. " Let ou 
of the secretaries take down his declaration.'' 

*' Do not tiDuble youiself fnrtber," inteipueed Baan6ie. ** Anj 
eicitement will letara your lecoreiy, and may pomUj '■"■^"■gi» 
yourfafe^." 

** Be adnaed, Hsri^," orged Saint-John. 
. "Noj'feplied theothor; "Iirillstaytohearhim. lamvdl 
cDoo^ now. Say on, prisoner. Wnat ttave yoa to aD^ 



Gniacard made no nply. 

"Why do you not spieak, vülün?" demanded the Eiri ti 



"He '•jn'wi*, nur lord," rejdied Btismte; "he haa *■**■*"* 
Some dme must elapse befbre he can be brauet loond, and 
then I doobt wfaetber he will be aUe to talk coherently.* 

'■* If auch ia yotir opinim, sir, it in welesB to remain liefe 
low^," T^oinea Hari^. ** SüatJ<din, will yoa aoqiiaänt bec 
taifeBty with the attempt made apon my lue, and aiiwin ha, 
that, so &r from repinuig at the miadtance, I lejoiee in die 
opprätonity it affiuxfa me of testi^ring my 6deli^ ? Qad I vot 
been tnie to the aueen, her enemies wouid not aeäulne dra^" 

*< I -mü fiuthfuliy deÜver your mmnagr.'* leplied Sünt-John; 
"and lam anre tlw queen will be as iMMqhU cn'yoor devotianaa 
we an of yoor conrage." 

With this, Harl^i assiated by Btun&e and tbe Dake of 
Ormond, enÄered the sedan chair which had been broo^bt ato 
tbe room, and waa coaveyed in it to his own reatdence. 

Bussidre oext tomed hia attention to the priaooer, aod aftet 
dnasing bis wonnda, which weie nomerous andseveie, a Htts 
waa braoght, in which he was tntnqwrted to Neweat^ .ander 
Ibe eaie m two meSBengen, who had oiden to watd faim nar- 
lowly, lest ha shoold attempt bis life. 

In compliance with Harley'a reqoeat, Saint-John haatened to 
ihe queen to infiwm her of Uw dirästroiis occuiTenc& She waa 
na^ahockedhy the iataUigeBce>aB well astoached byBaricy'a 



THE CODBT W atlEKlT ANKE. 441 

meo— gCi and expressed the most eainest hopes fw Ua Tecoret^, 
tbat Sae n^ht nsre opportonity of proving her sense of bis de- 
votion. Next day, adaiesses were made by both houses of 
parliament, ezpressiye of tfaeir concem at tbe " barbarous aod 
▼iUsDons attempf* made apon Mr. Horley's person,and beseech- 
ing her mairaty to ffive ^rections for tbe removal of all papists 
frotn tbe cities of London and Weetminster. An act mu tmet- 
wards paased, making it felonj, vithout benelit of cleigy, to 
attempt tbe Hfe of a priry-councilloT. 

For nearij a Treek HarleT continued in a precarioos «täte, 
owing to the idoughins of nis wound, and moie than a montb 
el^>9ed before bis pemct recoverr 'was e6tid>liahed. Hia firet 
Step was to wait upön the queen at Saint James'«, to ofier tbaok« 
for her freqnent inqiüriee aner him. 

** Heaven be praued ?" excUtmed Anne, " that the malice of 
cur enemies — for your enemies are niine — bas been dis^pointed. 
I dmll take care to let them aee that each demonstration of their 
hatied only calk fbrth fresb ftvoura from me." 

On Haney's first appearance in the House of Commons, con- 
gnttidations on bis escape «ere offered him by tbe Speaker, to 
^vhich Hari^ replied witb mucb emotion : — " The honour done 
toe bj thia honse so ist ezceeds my deaerts, that all I can do or 
auffer for the public during the wbole coiuae of my life, will süH 
leaTe me in debt to your goodness. Whenever I ^ace my band 
npon my breast, it wiU pnt me in mind of tbe uianks due to 
God ; of my duty to ihe qneen ; and of the debt of graütude 
and Service I must alwajs owe to this bonourabte house." 

Hariey'a retum to bnsinesB was signalized by tbe introduction 
of a grand pr^ect vbicb he bad long entertained for paying off 
the national debts and defidencies, by allowing the proprietors 
of snch debts six per Cent interest, and grantlng them the 
monopoly of die trade to tbe South Sea; a scbema whieh after^ 
wards gave riae to tbe establishmcnt of the South Sea Company. 
Tlia acneme, tboiigb litüe better tban a babble, aa it erentually 
proTcd, was admirably adapted to the spcculative "^rit of tlw 
^e, and mel with a most eotbusiastic reception. llie bill was 
instandy canied, and a new mine of wealtb was suppoeed to be 
opened. Most opportanely for Harley, iust at tnis juacture, 
miile bis popularity was at its zenith, bis rival, tbe Earl (riT 
Rocbester, died soddenly ; and tbe queen having no longer any 
check apon her impulses. at once yielded to them ; aod having 
firet created Harley Earl of Oxford and Mortimer, on tbe ann^ 
veraaiy of the rcstoraoou of her uncle, Charles the Second, to 
die kingdom, placed tbe treasurei's staff in hia hands. 

Thos Hariey^ amlntiouB dcsigna were at tei^;tb crowned with 



Broofdit to Newgate, Guiacard was taken to an Underground 
cell on Uie Common Side of tbe gaol, the diemal uipearance of 
wfaicfa Struck bim iritb so mach boiror, that he implorcd his 
aa 2 



443 «AIKT JAKB88: OBj 

atteiulants to let him have another chaiaber ; and abeolatcly re- 
fused to tie down upon tbe loathsome bed aUotted to Um. Hü 
conditioa was supposed to be so dangerons, tbat fiirce was not 
reaorted to ; and ae was allowed to lic on a bench until tbe 6A- 
lowing momiog, when the surgeoo viüted him, and foond him 
ia so ^arming a State, that lie instantly caused hlci to be nnno>ted 
to an aiiT fq)artmeDt in the Master*» Side. Here bis atliie v» 
taken o^ when another wound was dia^nrered in tbe back, 
which, from want of attention, had alreadv asBomed a very dan> 
seroufl appearance. As soon as it was (uewed, he was put to 
Ded ; but his suSerings were too great to allow him to obtsia 
aoy repose. About the middle of the day, the door was opeoed 
by the tumkey, who infonned Guiscard tbat his wÜe desiied lo 
see him, and the ncxt moment Angelica was ushered in. 

" What brings yoo bere, "inriimn ? " demaoded Goiscanl, 
liercely. 

" I Dave come to see you — to know whether I can be cf ose 
to you — to impiore your for^veneas," she replied, in tremUiDg 
accenUu 

" 'Hen you have come od an idle errand," be ngoned. 
" Begone I and take my curse with you I" 

" Oh, pi^ me r ehe cried, still usgerii^ — " pi^r 1 «nd (at- 
give me r 

" Fotjpve you V echoed Guiscard. " But for you, I ahonld 
not be what I am ! — But for you, I ahould now be the inmatt 
of a magnificent monsion, reposing on a downj cxmu^ &11 
of hupe and healdi, instead of lying here on tbis wretcbed 
■•••'• ■ ' -afclo ■ ■ ' 



bed, and in tbis nairow Chamber — a Jelon — only to go heoce to 
tbe gallowsl Off with juu, accursed womanl your preaeocs 
stiäes me. May your end be like mine — may you die in an 
bospital, shunned by all — a leproua, loathsome mass !" 

" Uorrible !" shrieked Angelica. " Oh, let me out ! let me 
outT' 

As the door was opened for her by the tomkey, anothrr 

Ereon was intruduced. It was Bimbelot, who could not tcpccas 
I curioü^ to bfebold his victim. 

« Ah, monseigneur ! ab I my desr master ! do I bebotd 
yoo ia this deplorable conditJon T whlmpered the hypocritica] 
valet. 

'■ Ua !'' exdaimed Guiscard, starting holt upright in bed, and 
glaring at the valet with so fierce an expression that the latter 
letreated towards the door. " Are you come here to deride my 
niiserj?" 

" Od the contraiy, monseigneur," replied Bimbelot, trembu w 
«I am come to ofkt my Services. I deplore your Situation, and 
wiU do anythin« in my power to reUeve it." 

" Get hanged, theo, at the same tree as myselfi" rejoined tbe 

marquis, 8a"«?tj- _ , . .- . 

•'lamsonylcaDnotanoro you tbat satisuction, monseigneur, 

replied Bio»Mlot» "but there is oo need to talk of h — '" 



TBK OOÜKT OF QinBR AKNE. 443 

at all. I am the beBter of sood news to you. Her majesty 
offen Tou a pardon, if you will make a füll coDfcssion." 

** An, TiUaiD I you are at your damnable practices again !" cried 
Guiscard. "Yoa tfalnk to delude me fiütber. But you ore 
mistakeD." 

"No, ntonaeigoear, I am your Jriend," replied the valet. 

" Well, I will truBt yon oace more," saia Guiscaid, changine 
his tone; "I hay« sometbiog to eay to you. Come ncar that I 
Biay whisper in your ear." 

" You may place perfect reliance on me," replied Bimbelot, 
«inking at ttie tumkey, as be advanced towards the prisoner. 

But as he came within leach, Guiscard caught bim by the 
throat, dra^ed bim upon tbe bed, and would bave Btnuigled 
faim, if the tiirakey bad not flown to tbe poor wretch's asaistance. 
As he was dragged out of the cell, more dead than alive, the 
marquis gave vent to a lood, demoniocal la^b. 

But ihe ezertion proved fatal to bim. Ere long, he became 
detiriouB, uttered the moet fnghtful blaspbemies and imprecations, 
and erinced bis terror of tbe ignomioious death wbich be &ncied 
awaited bim, by clasping bis bands round bis throat, as if 
to protect bimaelf from tbe haogman. An attempt was made 
later in tbe day, wben he became cslmer, to obtain a confesüon 
from bim ; but be was so oppressed by an eztravasation of 
blood, wbich filled part of tbe cavity of tbe ehest, tbat be was 
unable to speak, and indeed could scarcely breathe. Ilis wounda 
bad now become excessively püniul, and some Operations were 
performed by the snrgeons fbr .his relie£ In tbis State of suf- 
Kling, he lingered on tili late in the fbllowing nigh^ and tben 
expired. 

A shamefbl indignity was offered to his retnaina. The 
suigeons having received instructionB to preserve the body, 
plaöed it in a large pickitng-tub, in which State it was exhiblted to 
a host of lovers of boirible ügbts by tbe gaolers. Tbe body was 
afterwards interred, witbout any ceremony, in tbe common 
burying-place of tbe malefacton cfying in Newgate. 

Such was tbe end of tbe gay and once-admiied Maiquis de 
Goiscard ! the shame of bis race. 



CHAFTER THE TWELFTQ. 



All iiiendly intcrcoone between Anne and the Duchess of 
Marlborougn had, for some time, ceased, and tbe latter becoming 
sensible, at last, of die ascendücy of her rival, Mra. Masham, 
and of the utter impoBsibilitv of regaining the influence she 
had loBt, wrote t