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In introducing this Dictionary to the public the author feels no small 
degree of diffidence. Nothing but the great need of such a work, felt by all 
foreigners in Japan, and the constant demand upon those who were making 
the study of the language their special business to share their acquisitions with 
others, could have induced him to issue it at this stage of his acquaintance 
with the language. The conviction that it is a firat step in the right direction, 
and that, with all its deficiencies, it will prove of some use, could alone have 
made him consent to its publication. 

In compiling this work the author has labored under the very great difficul- 
ty of having had little to assist him from the works of predecessors in the same 
field. The only works of the kind within his reach were the small vocabulary 
of Dr. Medhurst published in Batavia in 1830; and the Japanese and Port- 
uguese Dictionary published by the Jesuit missionaries in 1603. His principal 
dependence, however, has been upon the living teacher, so that he feels himself 
alone responsible for every thing in the work. 

There are over 20,000 Japanese words defined in the dictionary. This num- 
ber might have been considerably increased, if all the compound words of which 
the language is capable, and all the obsolete words had been inserted. Those 
here published have been collected, for the most part, in the course of his own 
reading, or heard in use among the people. A large number of the words 
are of Chinese origin, and used mainly in books and epistolary writings, and 
have a very limited range of meaning. The most common words, whether 
native or Chinese, he has endeavored to illustrate, as much as possible, with 
examples; some of them extracted from books, but generally with colloquial 

He might have made it a less pretentious volume, confining himself to only 
such words as are in common use; but his desire has been to present the whole 
language to the eye of the scholar arranged in proper order; and though he may 
not have exhausted the meaning of the words, he has endeavored to make as 
near an approximation to it as possible. 

To render the work more complete he has added the Japanese Kana, and 
Chinese characters. The spelling with the Kana is according to the best native 
authority. The Chinese characters attached to the native words are those com- 
monly used as their equivalents. 

It has also been attempted to designate the part of speech to which each 
word belongs. This with the native words is not a matter of much diffi- 
culty, but with the Chinese is impossible in most cases, as the same word may 
be viewed as a noun, verb, or adjective, according to it various relations. 

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The introduction of the synonymous words will also be found useful. This 
branch has been more fully cjirried out in the second part, or Index. 

In Romanizing the words, the effort has been in every case to express the 
sound as pronounced by the most cultivated natives; and the system of orthog- 
rai)hy, with a few variations, is that generally adopted by the students of the 
language in Japan. 

The printing has been accomplished under many diflficulties, especially from 
tlie want of accented vowels and a proper supply of capit^d letters which could 
not be procured in Shanghai, and had to be manufactured under many disad- 
vantages. This will account for the want of uniformity and irregularity 

Notwithstanding every care, not a few typographical errors are observed; 
but as most of them are unimportant and a little attention will enable the read- 
er to rectify them for himself, it is not thought necessary to publish a list of 

With these apologies and explanations, the author commits this work, the 
fruit of nearly eight years of unremitting labor, to the kind indulgence of those 
who are making the language their study, and if he can in this way, lend 
them a helping hand out of some of the diflBiculties which he had so often to 
encounter alone, he will feel that his labor has not been in vain. 

J. C. H. 

Shanghai, May, 1867. 

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a has the sound of a in father. 
c ., „ e in they, prey, 

i „ „ i in machine. 

jy ,j o in wo, 50. 

w ,, „ w in rw?e, twooti. 

The horizontal mark ox-er the vowels; as, a, I, 5, u, indicates merely that 
the sound is prolonged. 

at has the sound of ai in aiaU^ or eye. 
an „ 0X0 in cow?, /i02c?. 

c7i „ ch in church. 

sJi „ s7i in s/mZ/, s/t^i?* 

, -when followed by a syllable commencing with y, has the sound of a/, or i in 
thine; as, hayaku, is pronounced, haiydku; ayamacht^ aiyamachi. 

/, has a close resemblance to the sound of the English,/; but diflfers from 
it in that the teeth do not touch the lip, but the sound is made by blowing 
fu, softly through the lips when nearly closed, something like the wh sound 
in whOj or why. 

gr, in the Yedo dialect has the soft sound of ng; but in Nagasaki, Kiyoto, 
and the southern departments it is pronounced hard; as in go, gain. 

r, in ra^ re^ ro, ru, has the sound of the English, r; but in ri, it is pro- 
nounced more like d. But this is not invariable as many natives give it the 
common r sound. 

The vowel sound in sz^ tsz, and dz, is the same. It has no equivalent in 
English, but as near as possible to the sound expressed by the letters. Se in 
Kiyoto, Nagasaki and the southern departments is pronounced, she; and ze, 
like ye. 

The final n (>), when at the end of a word has always the sound of 7ig; as, 
mon = mongy san = sang^ shin = shing; but in the body of a word, when 
followed by a syllable beginning with i, w, or^, it is pronounced like m; as, 
ban-min = hamming^ mon-ban = momlang, shin-pai = shirnpai. Before the 
other consonants it has the sound of w; as, an-noi^ an-ralcUy ban-dai. 

The sounds of the other consonants, viz. b d hj Jc m n p s t to y z, do not 
differ from their common English sounds. 


The natiye language of the Japanese seems not to have been reduced to 
writing before the introduction of the Chinese characters. Ancient written 

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cbaractefs are spoken of, and their forms and sounds even given, but it is 
doubtful whether they were used. The only vestiges said to be still remaining 
are the inscriptions upon two stone tablets, preserved and regarded with super- 
stitious veneration, one in a Sintoo temple in Miwa of the department of Ya- 
mato; the other in a temple in Kidzki in the department of Idzmo* 

The most ancient writings in the native language still extant are the Kojiki 
("j5r ^ IE), a history of Japan from the earliest ages to the time when it was 
written about A. d. 711; and the Manybshu (Jf m ^), a collection of native 
poetry made some fifty years later. In both of these wo.ks the square and un- 
abbreviated form (Kaisho) of the Cliinese characters is used phonetically 
to represent the sounds of the Japanese syllables. These characters were called 
Kari-na, {|g ^), or borrowed names, contracted afterwards into Kana (see 4 
and 5 of the table). These characters, more or less abbreviated and simplified 
in form, are called Hira-kana (3 of the table), or plain letters, and are still 
tlie common symbols used in writing the native language. 

The Katakana, (jjS ^ ig), or side letters, (1 of the table) are also derived 
from the Chinese characters, where instead of taking the whole, only a part of the 
character is used. These are more ancient than the Hirakanay but have been 
little used except in Dictionaries, books intended for the learned, or to spell 
foreign names. 

There is still another form used, called the I-ro-ha kana^ said to have been 
invented by Kukaij or Kbhbdaishiy a Buddhist priest and founder of the Shin- 
yonsJtu sect, who died in A. n. 835. This form of Ka7ia was devised by its 
author in order to assimilate the letters, as much as possible, to the Bonjiy or 
characters used in the sacred books of the Buddhists. 

The Japanese syllabaiy consists of seventy-two syllables, as seen in the table; 
they are generally arranged according to the five vowel sounds; as follows : — 

or kaHf »a-<f ta^ na-^ har\ ma-r yaf ra^ xoaV gaff za^ da^ ha^ pa^-f 
i A ki ^ sJiiy chi'jr nis. /uh mi\ i A ri\) i f^ gi ^ ji l^ ji^ hi\C pi^ 
u^ ku^ 8z^ tsz'f nujf fu7 muJ>* yu:x ru;^ u ^ guf dzy< dzy buT pu-f 
ex ke^ se^ tcr ne^- he^ me;^ ye:L rexy ye x geV ze^ def be^ pe< 
0^ ko=f 80V to\ no/ hoii 7no^ yos rov tvo^ go^f zo>f doY bo^ po^ 

To complete this table the syllables, A ♦ and x have to be repeated. There 
are also amongst them several syllables, as, x and x, A and #, f and ij ^ and 
jf, and y and x, which are said to have represented different sounds in ancient 
times ; but at the present time they can no longer be distinguished; in correct 
8|)elling, however, care must be taken that they be not written indiscriminately; 
there is a rule, established by ancient usage, to be observed in their use. 


The syllables commencing with the soft asperates, h and/, and y, for the 
most part, loose their consonants, and their vowels combine with the vowel of 
tljc proceeding syllable; sometimes fonning a diphthong; as, a-/t/, at; afUy au^ 

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or 5; sometimes lengthening the sound of the first vowel; as, nu-fUy nU; to-ho, 
to; i-ht\ f ; yO'fUy yd; ho-ho, 5. 

Sometimes with the consonant of the first and the vowel of the second form- 
ing a new syllable, epecially in writing the sounds of Chinese words; as, cAt- 
ya, cJia; ahi-yaj sha; chi-yOj dio; shi-yo, alio; Jt-yo^ Jo; or by still greater 
changes; as, ehi-ya-Uy chd; shi-ya-Uy slid; ahuyo-Uy sho; or by forming an 
entirely new sound ; as t-eu, chd; he-u, hiyo; de-fUjjo; se-fUy slid. 

In the following table all these changes are given in regular order, for the 
sak^ of those who may wish to consult this dictionary, and who may have the 
Kana only without the voice of the living teacher to direct them to the proper 

4 7 iu 

A A » 
A /N iwa 

v^ ro 
/\^ h9 
j\7 ho 
/\^ haye 
^« hd 
^t7 ho 
•^^ hiyo 
•<^ hiyo 
^f; ho 
*7 W 
it^i^ lio 
^^ Id 
^7 niu 
=>^ nio 
-t ni 
i^ niye 
\7 to 
\^ to 
>* id 

Yif do 
4^ cha 
^3 cho 
•f-v^ eho 
^3^ cho 
^3 jo 
y 7 riu 
7 7 nu 

^h oi 
ij^ ko 
it 7 ho 
iii^ kao 
if^ go 
if 7 go 
3 7 yo 
3^ yd 

3 b yoi 
^^ to 
if 7 to 
^^ taye 
^b id 
^^ do 
v^t> riyo 
1x7 riyo 
y7 so 

9^ 90 
9ii 90 

V b 9oi 

y* zo 

"9 b Uzi 

^^ t9'u 

^ ♦ niyo 
i-^ no 
■^7 no 
-^* nao 
■^^ naye 

^7 TO 

♦ •V wiya 

♦ X toiye 
t^^ loiye 

♦ b tt» 

♦ /N uwa 
^ ^ uwo 
/^ no 
y* no 
i^7 9 
iti^ d 

■k^ d 
;J* t 0% 
^/\ hiLwa 
^ t hd 
^^ fai 
^7 yd 
•^^ md 
■^ t mat 
■^^ maye 
i ^ Uyd 
i7 kiyd 

a^ ho 

=^7 kd 
ar^ go 
^7 go 

r^ chd 
f7 chd 

7 1> or au 
77 5 or OM 
7 b at 
rr i 
Tf\ awa 
-^^ 9d 
•^7 9d 
■»»'♦ zd 
•^'7 zd 
4 7 khi 
^/N kitca 
'^f; yu 
1^7, yti 

a. Jt ytn 
/ <r miyd 
/ b met 
y^ 9ha 
'ys 9ho 
-y^^ 9hd 
'y^7 shd 
J^3^ 9hd 
'y^ 9h% 
J^Jtijr ihn 

1^3 jo 
^^ md 
^ir md 
•kt> 9hd 
\7 shd 
•k/N 9ewa 
^ b 9ti 

A 7 9ZU 

7* /\9zwa 

In the system of orthography adopted in this work, the y has been retained 
before the vowels a and o whenever possible, in order to separate the vowels, 
render the syllables more distinct, and follow the kana. 

The syllables tsz^ (7) when preceeding the strong consonant, i, », p^ and ^, 
is elided, and the consonant of the following syllable doubled; as batsz-kun be- 
comes bakkun; matsz-azgu becomes masszgu; tetazpOy teppo; mataz-takUy mat- 

Kuy (^) when following by a syllable beginning with k looses its vowel; as, 
haku-kay bakka; biku^ko, bikko; koku'ka, kokka. 

The sound of the vowel i, is often elided; as in h'to^ ah'chi, ah'ta, ah'tc, 

Digitized by 







stand foi 

• adjective. 






the causative form of the verb. 



the dubitative or fiiture form of the verb. 



exclamation or interjection. 



imperative mood. 

i,v. • 


intransitive verb. 






negative form of the verb. 



passive „ 



potential „ 






perfect particle. 



present particle. 



preterit tense. 



subjunctive mood. 



synonymous words. 



transitive verb. 

id. or idem 


the same. 



word used only in books or obsolete. 



colloquial word little used, or not of the Yedo dialect.* 



equal to. 

— in the 


stands for the repetition of the Japanese word; in 

the Index for the 

repetition of the English word. 

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A, rr, % P?. An exclamation or sigh 
expressive of grief, concern, pity, con- 
tempt, or admiration. = Ah ! alas ! oh ! A 
do itaskimashO. Ah ! what shall I do. A 
lanaskiilana, alas ! how sad. A nasalce nat] 
oh ! how unkind. Sjn. satemo-satemo^ 

Ay rr, ^, adv. In that wnv, so, that. A 
gzru to do in that way. 5. sltiU iru to 
h'to i,t togamerareru, if you do so you 
will be blamed. 

x\b\i -au-atta, r^^7, i-f^- To shield or 
screen from danger, to protect or defend. 
Syn. KABAU. 

ABAKE,-rw,-^(7, r^\^f^y |S, t.i\ To 
break open of itself, fig. divulged, made 

ABAKJ-kiL-ita, r^^j H^. ^- 1'- To 
break or dig open that which confines 
or covers something else. fig. to ex- 
pose or divulge a secret. Tszka tco ahahi^ 
to dig open a grave. Hara tco — , to cut 
opnn the belly. Kodzi ga dote wo ahaita^ 
the inundation has broken open the dike. 
jiiji tco — , to divulge a secret. Syn. 


AbarA, r^'^fj Bi]j w. The side of the 

Abaka-boxe, r>^f ^'^, B^ #, 71. A rib 

AbaRA-Ya, r>'\:?-v, Bt ^j ^^' A dila- 
pidated house. 

ABARE,-?'w,-fa, r^i/;^, M I8L> ^' ^'' To 
act in a wild, violent, turbulent or des- 
tructive manner ; to be mischievous, 
riotous. Sake ni yoUe alarent, to be drunk 
and violent Syn. rambo szru. 

Abare-mono, r^\\y^/y n. A riotous 
mischievous fellow. 

Abari, r^\ ^) , 1^ §[y n. A bamboo needle 
used for making nets. 

Abata, r^\^,^ l&, n. Pock-marks. 




AHATA-DZRA, T-'n^ ^ 7, Ific JH, «• Pock- 
marked face. 

Abayo, r^N3, inteij. Good bye (used 
only to children.) 

Abekobe-nt, r^=^^=-jadv. In a contrary 
or reversed man.ner, inside out, upside 
down. Ilashi tco — motsz, to hold the 
chopsticks upside down, Kimono vco — 
Z/>w, to wear the coat inside out. 
Syn. Arrii-Kociii, saka-sa3ia. 

Km.-n^'-ia, rt';u, ^, t. v. To bathe 
by pouring water over one's self, midz 
wo — , to bathe with cold water. Ya 
abi wo 8znij to bathe with warm water. 

xiBWKiOKU, rh'yzr^, PST ^ Jife if, fh 
The lowest of the eight heljs of the Bud- 

Abiko, r b'3, ;5 g|, «. A kind of lizard. 

ABlSE,-r^^-^a, Tf -b/i-, jg, t.v. To pour 
water over or bathe another. IT'to ni 
midz wo ahiserUj to pour water over a 

Abu, r /, J£, n. A horse-fly. 

Abuku, rr^, VS? ^- Bubbles, froth, 
foam. coll. for Awa. 

Abumt, ry'lj SS, n- A stirrup. — wo 
fiimharu, to stand on the stirrups, (in the 
manner of the Japanese ) 

Abumi-shi, rTl-y, lof Xj «• Astimip- 

ABV^AGAV.l^-rtc-ta, r 7'-^ ^;^, f-v. Timid, 
fearful, apprehensive of danger. Syn. 


AbunaIj-KIj-SHI, r T'-h^ , ?^ S- «5. Dan- 
gerous. -4dttna?^ take care. Abunaikoto^ 
a dangerous thing. Syn. ayaui, ken- 


Abunaku, or Abuno, rt^fr, ?? g, 

adv, ulem. Abunaht, nai^ no danger. 
Abunasa, r7'-^-^^;t-^ S, ^i. The dan- 

Digitized by 




Abura, r/f , ftb, n. Oil, grease, fat 
— no shimi] a grease spot. — tvo Uzgu to 
pour oil, (into a lamp), — wo shinieru^ to 
make oil (by pressing). — de agerit^ to fry 
in oil. — wo saszy to oil, (as machinery.) 
Abura-ashi, rTf ry, M J£j w. Sweaty 

Abuua-daru, 77*7^;^, ^ ^, n. An 

Abura-de, rtyf^ M^?^2. Sweaty 

Aburage, 7Tf^\ ftbJ^t?^- Anything 

fried in oil. 
ABURA-GIRI5 r/:?^V, ^ ^, »• ^The 
name of a tree from whicli oil is obtained. 
ABURA-GiRT,-r?^,-^^a, r/f ^;^j jft -^IJ, 
i*t7. To become oily on the surlace, as 
boiled meat; to be covered with sweat. 
Abura-kasz, rTy-h^, fft tt ^j ^^• 
Oil-cake, (the refuse after the oil is 
pressed out.) 
Abura-kawa, rry^^\, ^, w. The 

membrane that encloses the fat 
AburaKE, rty'T,^^, n. Oily, fatty, 

greasy, (in taste.) 
AbubamI, r r-7 $ , ^ ^, n. The fat or 

fatty part of flesh. 
Abura-mushi, rtyi^'y^ \% ^, n, A 

ABURA-:jfA, 7r^-^, }|^^, n. The rape- 
seed plant 
Abura-nuki, rr^ji^,%^,n. 

thmg that extracts grease . 
Abura-sashi, rr^^i/^ JJ JJi^ n. 

oil-can, (for machinery.) 
Abura-shime, rry>^^,^^, n. 

Abura-tszbo, 77^^ ^y^rr, ^ ^, n, 

Abura-tszgi, rry^y^, ^ 
oil-can, (for filling a lamp.) 
Aburaya, TTv^, ^ M, n. An oU- 

store, an oil seller. 
Abuua-\-e, rr?^, il Sf, n. An oil- 

Abuha-zara, rrf^'y, M m, «. A 


ABURE,-ri^,-^a, r7V;^,^,t.e;. To over- 
flow, to inundate, to cover with numbers. 
JTawa ga ahireta^ the river has overflown 
(its banks.) .Sii^ tco M m itta ga ahureta, 
I went to buy some wine but failed to 
get it Syn. koborkru. 

ABURE-3I0X0, rr^^^/, Y4: ^, n. A 

Aburi .ru,-tta, r 7>, m, t v. To hold 
or j»lacc near a fire in order to warm. 







dry, roast or toast Te wo — , to warm 
the hands at a fire. 

'^•h^, i^'^, tv. To dry at a fire. 
Aburiko, r7^\)=2,^ 11, n, A gridiron. 

ABURI-KOGASHI,-S2,-5A*^a, TT^) ^ff^, 
^ j^, t. V, To char, scorch, to blacken 
at the fire. 

ABURI-KOROSH[,-S2,-57i^^a, T 7* ij 3 P ;^ 

JC^ ^7 ^ '^^ To roast to death, burn at 
the stake. 

AcHi, 7^, t&i&, «^r. There, that place, 

— tki iia, get out of the way. 

ACHI-KOCHI, rf :i^, ^ life Jlfc fg, adv. 

Here and there, all about, more or less. 

— wo sagasKte mo miyedz, I searched 
all over but could not find it. — ni san 
ri armiashoy it is about three miles. Fude 
wo — ni motta, held the pen upside down. 

ACHIRA, rf7, StJife- (fdv. Tnere,that 
place, yonder, (same as Achi.) 
•Syn. ASZKO. 
Ada, 7>Jr', ^^ n. An enemy, adversary, 
opponent, foe. Ada szrti, to oppose. — 
wo titsz; — wo mtihi; — wo kagesz, to 
kill an enemy. Jflire ni ada szru mono 
totemo nikumi-sztszm koto naku^ we should 
by no means scorn those that oppose us. 
Syn. TKKr, k.\taki. 
Ada-bana, r^Vs-h, H :j!g. «. Blossoms 

which bear no fruit. 
Ada-gataki, r>'if^^, ftjgj[, n, A pri- 
vate enemy. 
Ada-guchi, r^^^, % P, w. Empty 

trifling or foolish talk. 
Adakamo, r^'^^, ^]g^, ade. (in compar- 
ing or contrasting one thing with another), 
just. Tszki no hikari sayaka-ni sWU ada- 
kamo hiru no gotoktij the moonlight was 
just as bright as the day. Adakamo shi- 
shitaru hto no yomi-gayerishi gotohi^ just 
like the coming to life of a dead man. 
Syn. cuODO, s.vnagara. 
ADAMEKr,-A-t*,-2Va, r^V ^, t.r. Fond of 
gayety and pleasure. Ware wa kore made 
hudo ni kori-katafnarite adameku kokoro wa 
motadz. I, until this, had been hardened 
in vice, and had no fondness for gayety. 
Ada-na, r^'-h, ^, a. False, empty, vain, 
deceitful; fleeting, transitory. — kokoro^ 
false-hearted. Tszyu yori mo adamru ino- 
chi, a life more fleeting than the dew. 
Ada-ka, r^'-h, JSJjif, a. Beautiful, 
pretty, gay. — szgata^ beautiful person. 
Ad.\-xa, r^'-)-, it^, n. A false name, 

Ada-XI, r>^-. ^, adc. Falsely, vainly. 

Digitized by 





Adappoi, r^'^^^4, a. Beaut ful, pretty, 

gay. ^oye ga — , 
fADASHl, r^'y^ -jik, a. Other, another, 
foreign. — gami^ other gods, (not belong- 
ing to this country.) — yo, another 
world. — hmi, foreign country. — Kto^ 
another person. — kolioro, falaehearted. 
Syn. TA, hoka. 
Adaya, r^-v, i?^, w. An arrow that 

has missed the mark. 
ADAYAKA-NA,ri^>T5y-h,ji|I|Jf , Beautiful. 
Al>OKENAl,-SHl,-Kl, T K^-J-/f 5 <». Child- 
like, artless, simple. 
Adokenaku, rv^-^^, adv. id. 
Adzchi, ryf , ^^,n, A bank of earth 

against which a target is placed. 

ADzKARi,-rw,-^^a, ry*;^, ^, iv. To 

receive, to be intrusted with, to have 

committed to one's care, to take charge 

of. Tahi-iahi o-setca ni adzkariy have often 

been favoured with your assistance. Go- 

ehisO ni adzkari katajikenai, thanks for your 

entertainment. Shichiya mono wo adzka- 

rite kane %co kaszy the pawnbroker lends 

money on receiving any thing on deposit. 

AvzKE^'-rUj-ta, r^/^;^, j^, t.v. To 

commit to the care of another, to entrust. 

to give in charge, to deposit. Shichiya 

ye mono %co adskete kane wo karu^ to borrow 

money at the pawnbrokers by depositing 


Abzei, Ty#, >J> 2, n. A small red bean. 

Adzma, ry-^, y^, n. The eastern states 

of Japan, same as ICwantO. 
Adzmata, ry^^, [9 P^ M? «• A shed 

open on the sides. 
Adzsa, TV-^i i$, n. The name of a tree, 
the wood of which is used for block- 
cutting, and making bows. 
AFURE,-rt^,-^a, 771-";!^, Ska *"• ^- Same 

as Ahtrey-ru. 
AGAKl^-kUy-tta, rf^, i% i.v. (comp. 
of Aehty foot, and kaku, to scratch.) To 

Ewith the feet, to gallop ; to move the 
as a tortoise when lying on its back. 
Mga aomuiU agaku, the beetle lying on 
its back works its feet. Agaite mo mogaite 
mo shiyo ga nai^ with all his pawing there 
is no help for him. 
Agaki, r;!^:^, J£ it, ». Galloping. Uma 
no — wo hayameruy to make the horse gal- 
lop faster. 
AGAME,-rM,-to, r^/fi^, ^, t.v, (lit, 
naake high.) To exalt, to adore, to glo- 
rify, to honor. Kami wo — , to adore the 
gods, ff*io wo kmii ni — , to exalt a man 
into a god. Syn. wiyamav, tattobu. 

AGANAl,-^fci^, i}xb^-<itta^ '^'^^y^Wi^ t.v- 
To atone for, to make satisfaction for, to 
compensate, to redeem. ITane wo dwUc 
tszmi wo — , to make satisfaction for crime 
with money. Moski agano-behmha Kto 
sono mi wo momo ni sen^ people would cut 
themselves into a hundred pieces to re- 
deem him. 

AQKl\i^-^nCy-tta,rif)\^, Jl, i,v. To ascend, 
rise, go up. Yama ni — , to ascend a hill. 
Gakunion ni — , to advance in learning. 
Nedati ga agatta^ the price has gone up. 
Iro ga — , the color is heightened. Te ga 
agatttty has become more expert. Fum 
yori agarUy to land from a boat. Fushin 
deki-agaitay the building is finished. Tmki 
ga agattaj it has cleared off. Oagari nasai, 
used in inviting others to come in, to eat, 
&c. Sakana ga agatta^ the fish is dead, 
Yakuim ga agatta^ removed from office, 
&c. Shi-agaitaj finished. 
Syn. NOBonr. 

Agari-ba, 7fj'\)>\, ± Jg, n. The floor 
for standing on coming out of a bath. 

Agaki-dan, rif\)^'y, Jt |g, «. a lad- 
der, steps. Syn. iiashigo. 

Agari-gucjii, rif\) ^f , ± p, m. The 
entrance to a flight of steps. 

Agari-sagari, rif\)^if\)^ Jt 7^, «. 
Rise and fall. 

Agari-YA, rif\)^, g j|-, n, A gaol. 

fAGATA, Tif^, ^,, iu obs. sameasJTon, 
the division of a state, =a county. 

AGE,-rw,-^a, ry;u, Ji, Lv. To elevate, 
to raise, to give, to offer in sacrifice, to 
reckon, to tell, to finish. Ro wo — , to 
hoist a sail. Koyc wo agcte yobuj to call 
with a loud voice. Iro wo — , to heighten 
the color. Alz wo — , to be famous. Fufie 
no ni wo — , to unload a ship. JTadz wo 
—, to count up, to tell the number. Shi- 
agerUy to finish doing. Niiri-agerxiy to 
finish painting. 

AGE,-rit,-^a, r>5r>, tj, Lv. To fry. Sa- 
kana wo — , to fry fish. 

Agechi, ryf, Jh?L; n. Weaning a 
child. — wo szru, 

AgeGOSHI, ry^^, J^ |^I, «. a sedan 
chair raised on poles. ' 

Agegotatsz, r^':r^ v^, J: i^ fig, n. A 
brazier placed on a stand. 

Ageku-ni, ry>5^-, Jt ^, adv. At last, 
finally. Sj-n. sinaiAi-xi. 

Ageku-no-hate-ni, r y ^ 7 >n r ^ , idem. 

tAGATSzRAi,-o,-oiJa, rv^^yy, ft, t. V. 
lo discuss, to discourse on, to reason on. 

Agi, r^, Pi? 3^, w. Assat'nctida. 

Digitized by 




Aoi, or Agoto, r^, £|, «. The lower 
jaw. Uwa-agi^ the upper-jaw. Ahi riu 
no agito ni kalaru^ to fall iuto the jaws of 
an evil dragon. 

Ago, or Agota, r^, E4 «• The chin, 
lower jaw, — ga hadzreru^ the jaw w dislo- 
cated. — wo otosKte mirUy to stare with 
open mouth, — de ashiro^ to motion with 
the chin. Ainari agota tco tataku-iia^ don't 
talk so much. 

Tired, wearied, to have one's patience ex- 
hausted. Ano Ktononaga-hanashiniwaagU' 
nda^ wearied with his long talking. Agu- 
mi-hateru^ quite tired out. Sjn. taikutsz. 

Agura, r^7, ^ 8Jg;, n. Sitting with the 
legs crossed tnilor fashion, — tvo kaku^ lo 
sit cross-legged. 

Aguru, T/;^5 same VisAgertL 

Ahen, r^y, PfJ Jr, w. Opium. 

Ahiru, r t ;i^; ^f I, n. The domestic duck. 

Aho, r3^♦, p^ :Sc> ^*- ^^ dunce, fool; 
foolish, silly. — wo iu^ to tale foolishness. 

— na hoto^ a foolish affair. Syn. e.\ka, 


Ahorashii,-ki,-ku5 r:J-*^7>^^r PrF ^ 
Jj[, Foolish, silly, stupid in manner. 

Al, r 4 5 exclam. used in answering a call. 
Ai-ai to henji wo szru. 

Al, T^ , ^, w. The polygonum Tinetori- 
um. used for dying blue, ai-tro^ blue color. 

— de someruy to dye blue. 

"j*Al, 7^,!^, (Jcanashimu), Sorrow, sadness, 
grief. — wo omOj to grieve. 

Al, 7^, fai, n. Interval of time or space, 
time, during, between. Ifa no ai ni tnono 
ga hasanda, something is sticking between 
the teeth. 7(5 ai, present time, now. 
Syn. AiDA, MA. 

Ai, ate, atta, yy ^ j^, /. r. To meet, to 
meet with, encounter, suffer. To chiu de 
ame ni attaj caught in the rain whilst in 
the way. JTidoi me ni atta, met with 
great abuse. 

Al, ate, atta, r7, ^,i,v. To agree, 
correspond, accord, suit, fit. Jii ni au, to 
like, to suit one's mind. Warifuga atta. 
The seals correspond with each other. 
ICono haori wa waiakushi ni yoku ai-mad, 
this coat fits me nicely. 

Al, 7t5 jfBj Together, mutual, (used only 
in compound words; and frequently pre- 
fixed to words, in epistolary composition, 
for elegance or politeness). 

Al-Al-Nl, r tr h^, P^ ^, adv. At va- 
rious intervals of time or space. 

Ai-BAN', r h/N ;^, 4B :g:, «. Same watch, 
fellow watch-man. 

Al-BETsz, T/f-s-^;', ^^ij, Separation or 
parting at death. — no kanashimi^ the 
sorrow of parting at death. 

AimAi^-^au^-^tta, rA Yrj, ^ ^, t.v. 
The same as Ayumi-ai. 

Al-BIKI, r\Ly^, ^ 51, n. A mutual 
retreat or withdrawal, a drawn battle or 

Al-Bo, r>f ^:^, ;JB ;^, «. A fellow chair- 
bearer or cooly. 

AiBORE,--r«,-^a, r t^ri^/u, ^g j|^, /, v. 
To be in love with each other. 

AlDA, Tj^'yfal,n. Interval of space or 
time; time; space; between, while, dur- 
ing; since, as, because. Yama to yama 
no — , between the mountains. Oya ko 
fw — ga waruij the parent and child are 
on bad terms. M'to toki no — , the space 
of one hour. IcM ri no — , the space of a 
mile. Szkos/ii no — , a littlewhile. ITon 
seki tszmi okuri aoro — , as the goods were 
sent this evening, &c. Syn. ma, naka. 

AlDAGARA, rA ^'ify, P^^g, n. Relations, 
connections. Syn. suinkui,'tszdzkiai, 

AiDZ, r t y, ;fe p, w. A signal. — wo 
szrUf to make a signal. — no kata, a signal 
flag. — no teppo, a signal gun. 

Ai-DZCHI, r>iyf, ;fB M, n, A large 

Ai-DZRI, r^^V, ^ J§, n. Printed with 
blue figures. 

fAi-JAKU, r/ff>^, ^ ^. Love. Fu- 
fu no — , conjugal love. 

Al-JIRUSHI, r t^;i'^', ^ pp, n. An en- 
sign, banner, badge. 

Ai-KAGi, rt^^, pp||,n. A false key, 
a fellow key to the same lock. 

Al-KAMAYETE, r ^Li3-^^r , i(Si ^, adv. 
Certainly, positively, by all means. 


AlKlYO, rA^^^, ^^. That which 

excites love, lovely, amiable. 

Syn. KAWAiKASHir. 
tAl-KOKU, rA^^j ^5?, (Kanashimi 

naku). To cry with sorrow. 
Al-KOTOBA, r 1 3 f /\, >^ I^J, ». A sig- 
nal, (by words or sound,) countersign. 

— wo awaszj to reply to a signal. 
Ai-KUCHi, Th^^, (:#,«. A dirk, 

Al-KUGI, 7\i^^, ^$S,n. A nail fixed 

in the edge of a board to join it with 

tAl-MIN, 7A t y,^^y (Kanashimiawa- 

remu). To compassionate. 

Digitized by 




|Ai-MUKAi,-aMj-a«a, r\Li^ij7^ ft |rJ, 
I. f. To be opposite each other. 

Al-MUKAl-lci, rt/^T^tri, ifl IpJ, <?<?p. 
Opposite to each other, face to face. 

Al-NEN, r>i^^, ^ ;^, w. Love, affec- 

AlNlKU, f^r.^j coll. corruption o^ Aya- 

AiRASHU,-Ki; rAy-yA, ^^\^ a. Love- 
ly, dear, darling, pretty, sweet. 


fAl-REN, TA^y^ ^ K^, Compassion, 
pity. Syn. fd-bin, awarkmi. 

AiRO, tA'P, 3it "Sj w» (cont. oi aya and 
tro.) Figure and color. Teppo no kemuri 
nite mono no atro mo tcakaranu owing to 
the smoke of the guns we could not dis- 
cern any thing. Syn. atame. 

AiRO, r>f ^7, ^ ^, «. A blue color, for 

AiSATSZ, r^-♦^^5 \^ ^, n. Salutation; 
acknowledgment of a favor, an answer. 

— *rrM, to salute. Sewa ni natte — wo 
szrUy to pay a visit with a present in 
acknowledgment of a favor. Kangayete 

— wo shirOj when you have thought it 
over, give me your answer. 

AisATSz-NiN, rA-^^J^^-y, i^^ A? «. 

A peace-maker, a mediator. 


AlSHI, rA-y, ^^, n. Beloved child. 

Ai'Smy-szrUj-sh'ta, rA ;^;i^, ^, t.v. To 
love, to regard with affection, as a pa- 
rent or friend. M^to wo aiszru mono wa 
Kto ni aiserareru heshij he that loves others 
shall be loved. 
Syn. FU-BiN. 

Al-so, rA-^^y ^ 4B, n. Hospitable, 
courteous, or polite treatment of a guest, 

— ioo szrUj to treat hospitably, — wo iu, to 
welcome, — mo nai Kto. 

AlSONAGE-NI, ^^■^^-^'5^^,^^^^ 
adv. In an inhospitable, or unwelcome 

AisORASHli, rA-^^y-yA, ^ttfi, o- 
Kind, welcome or hospitable manner or 

Ais6bashiku,-u, TA^^yyi^, ^ffili, 
a^. Idem, 

AiTA, y A ^ 'i exclamation of pain, = it 
hurts ! it pains ! 

AlTAl,-KI,-KU,-0, TAf^Aj^St' ^^^ish 
to meet, would like to see. Wataktuhi 
aitai to itie kudasarey please tell him I wish 
to see him. Ano Kto ni yd ga aru kara 
teU aiiaif as I cave business with him I 
must see him whether or no. 

AlTAl, rt^Aj^fi- Face to face, op- 
posite to each other; between themselves 
without the presence or intervention of 
another. — sKte sake tco nomu, Aitai/ifu) 
dying together by suicide. 

AlTAl-GAl, r h^ ^/f ::!, ^g g. W. Buying 
goods of each other without the interven- 
tion of a third person. 

AlTAl-NI, r\L^A=^,^^, adv. Privately, 
by themselves, without the interposition 
'or presence of others. 

AiTE, rtr, is ^, n. An opponent, an- 
tagonist, adversary, competitor, the other 
party in any affair. — tco szru^ to act as 
an antagonist. — wo skte hidasarfy joni 
me in a match (game, &c.) Aite hoshi 
ya to omo iolcoro da. I was just wishing I 
had some one to talk to (or to play with.) 

ArrEDORi,-ra,-^^a, yy^r V)^j ^^M- 
t.v. To accuse^ to charge with crime, to 
criminate, to regard as the responsible 

AiTSZ, r>i y, gi j^, (cont of Ano yaUz). 
That low fellow. 

AlYAKE, r\L^ij j@ JB- The daughter- 
in-law's or son-in-law's father. 

AlYOMB, rii3^, J^Ji, n. The wives of 
two brothers. 

AlzOMB, r '^ />, ^ ^, w. Blue-dyed. 

Aji, r r, fit, n. The name of a fish. 

Aji, rf, !^, n. Taste, flavor. — tro 
7niru, to try the flavor, — wo tszhnt, 
to flavor. 

Ajigamo, r&'if^j ^^, n. The name 
of a wild duck. 

tAjlKINAI,-Kl,-KU, r^'^^Ay ^ fg, 
Unpleasant, unhappy, miserable. Ajikf- 
nahi tszJci hi wo okuru^ to pass the time 
unhappily. Yo wo ajihinaku omo^ to be 
weary of the world. 

Ajixa, r^-h, ^j^j f'* Strange, wonder- 
ful, surprising. Syn. ayashii, hen-na. 

Ajinai,-ki, rt'•^/f, U%^^' ^it^oiit 
flavor, tasteless. Kaze liiite tabemo}io ya 
ajinaiy when one has a cold food is tasteless. 

AjlNAKU, or Ajixo, rt'-^^? odv. id. 

Ajiro, ri^rf, ^ f^J, 71. A woven work 
of bamboo ratan or grass. 

Ajisai, r^'-^rA, ^ ^ ?B, »?• The Hy- 

AjiWAi, rfVst, %, n. Ta.ste, flavor. 

— ya yoi ; -- ya wand ; — ya nai. 
AjiWAij-o.-o^a, rt'^N7, l^v; t.r. To 
taste, fig. to try. examine. Ajiwote mirify 
to try by tasting. 
Aka, r^, PRf flu, w. The water placed by 
the Buddhists before their idols, and in 

Digitized by 




the hollow places cut in tomb stones. 

— kiidzniy to offer up .water. (This word 
is not Ja))anese, but a Pali word intro- 
duced by the Buddhists; its resemblance 
to theLat. aqua is striking. 

Aka, 7-h, }^,n. Bilge-water. — wo ka- 
yeru^ to bail out a boat or pump a ship. 

Aka, rijy ^,n. The dirt or grease of 
the body, the dirt or slime of water. Tu- 
aka, the incrustation on the inside of a 
teapot. — ico otosz, to clean off the dirt. 

— ffa isziia, dirty. 

Aka, Tij, ^, Red, used only in com- 

Akadaikon, rfj^'A=^y, # ic ^j ^' 

A beet. 
Aka-Dama, rij^'-^, "^ 3E, n. The name 

of a secret medicine, made into red pills, 

and used for pain in the stomach. 
Akagai, r * t^M , :^ tfi^, w. The name of 

a species of red shell-fisli. 
Akagaxe^ 7ijf=f, ^, n. Copper. Syn. 


Akagao, rijij'it^^ ^ ^, n, A red face. 
Akagari, 7-hif\), n. The same as Aka- 

Akagayeru, rijif^jy^^y1&,yn, A species 

of frog, having a beautifully striped skin. 
Akagashi, 7-hify^ # i^S, M. The name 

of tree, lit. red-oak. 
Akagire, r^^i/, JSj «. Chaps, or cracks 

on the hands or feet produced by cold. 

Te ni — ga dekita^ my hands are chapped. 
Akago, 7ij=f, -^^y n. An infant. 
Akahadaka, rij^s^'ij, # ^, Naked, 

bare of clothing, — 7u nam ; — de soto 

ye deru, to go out of the house naked, 


Akahara, rij^\f,^%^,n. Dysentery. 

Syn. Ri-BiYO. 
Akai,-KI, Tilj^ . '^, a. Red. Akaikiniono, 

red clothes. Hana ga akai^ the flower is 

red. Akai iro, red color. 
Akajimita, rijl?l^,^%, a. Dirty, 

soiled. — kinwnOj dirty clothes. 
Akaku, 7ij^y adv. Red. — szru, to mike 

red ; — nam, to become red ; — fiat, it 

is not red. 
Akamatsz, r^ vv', ^ :^, w. Red pine. 
AKA3IBO, 7 9; y^:^,'^^ j^, n. An infant. 

S3m. MIDORIQO.,-^a, 7ij/fi^, ^^, tv. To 
make red, to redden. Kao wo, to blush, 

Akami, 7fj ly ^, n. A redness, a red 
color or tinge of red; the lean part of flesh. 

AKAMI-DACHl.-^52j-ffa, T ^ ^ ^' V^, jt #, 

i,c. To turn or become red, as the leaves 

or fruit. 
Akami-watari, -ru, -Ua, 7'h\V9f^^ 

^ Ji^j ^ '^' To become red all over, as 

the sky at sunset. 
Akane, 7i]=^j ^, n. The name of a root 

used for dyeing red. 
Akanu, 7ijji,Z^ 0J, neg. of Aki, not 

open, or ^ ^, not tired or weary, — 

naka^ a delightful friendship. Rachi ga 

— , slow, not expeditious. 
Aka-otoshi, 7i3^\i^, ^^, n. Any 

thing that will cleanse or remove dirt. 
Akaragao, 7jjyffic^, ^^, w. A red 

AKARAMl,-772W,-72C?a, 7^yJ^y :^, f>. 

To become red, to redden^ to blush. Kao 

ga — , to blush. 
Akara-fama-ki, r^7-<f^-, :^. Jfi, 

adv. Without concealment or disguise, 

explicitly, plainly, clearly. — «w, to speak 


AKARE^-ri^,-ifa, r^w^, it JK, pass, of 
Aki To be disliked, loathed. 

Akari, 7^\), BJ, n. The light, a light. 
Mado tco akete — wo toru, to open the 
window and let in the light. — ye dency 
to come to the light Mado kara — ga 
sasz the light shines in through the win- 
dow. — wo Uzkeru, to light a lamp. Mi 
910 — ga faUz, my innocence is cleared up. 

Akarisaki, r*y-»^*, BJ -gj, w. Before 
one's light, in one's light. — ni latsz, to 
stand in one's light. 

AkaRI-TORI, r ^ in J; , BJ ®, n, A win- 
dow, or any place for letting in light. 

Akaru, r^;i^^, same SiS Akarvku, 

Akarui,-ki, r^/t-zf , ^, a. Light, not 
dark. — tokorOj a light place. 

Akaruku, r*;i-^, BjJ, adv. Light. — 
nartij to become light, — szrUy to make 
light, lighten, — nai, not light. Mi no 
wiye — «zn/, to make clear one's reputa- 

Akabumi, r^tf/t'^, BJ, w. a light place. 

Akabusa, r^^/Hf, Bg, n. The light, the 
state or degree of light. 

Akarushi, 7i]}^'y, B^, «. It is light. 

Akasa, r :^-»f, tJJ;, n. The redness. 

Akashi, 7-h'yy :^, a. Red or it is red. 

AKASHij-siSj-^/iVa, 7i3^^ ^Ryt'V' To 
declare or make knovrn something con- 
cealed, to confess, reveal ; to brin^" to light, 
to spend the whole night in doing any- 
thing, as. Hon wo yonde yo wo — , to 
spend the night in reading. Naki — , to 
cry all night. Aritei ni — , to confess the 

Digitized by 




whole truth. To wo akashi-kaneni, to speud 
a miserable night. 

Akashi^ 7-h'yy @, «. Proof, evidence. 
Furui uta %co htkiie — to shi, cited ancient 
poetry in proof. Syn. shoko. 

Akaszji, rij^f'y ^ ^, n. Red lines, 
or veins. 

Akatori, r * > V j J^ IX> w- ^ vessel for 
bailing a boat. 

Akatszki, rHj y ^, H, n. The dawn of 
day. Syn. Yoake, Akebono. 

AKB,-rw,-^a, r^;^', BJ, or |§, t.v. To 
open ; to empty. To wo — , to open a 
door. Kuchi wo — , to open the moulh, 
Miehi wo — , to open the way, clear the 
road. lye wo — , to vacate a house, or 
to absent one's self from home. Ilako 
wo — , to open a box, or to empty a box. 
Ana wo — , to make a hole. Aida wo — , 
to make an opening between. Yo ga — , 
the day has dawned. Nenga — , the years 
or time of service is finished. Toahi ga — , 
the new year has begun. Fuia wo — , to 
take off a lid. Syn. hiraku. 

Akb, y^y ^^ n. A red color. 

Akeboxo, r^^'/y Bf , «. Day break, 

Akegata, 7^:fj'i',^'fy, idem. 

AKERxsAsm,-sz,-6h'ta, r^'^-^;^5 0)J 
8(1, t. V, To leave open. To wo — , to 
leave the door open. 

AkE-mutsz, r^i^^y, Bf a\, «. Six o'- 
clock in the morning. 

AkexIj r^^5 w. a trunk, in which such 
thinirs are kept as are of frequent use in 

Ake-ko-kane, r ^ y ^ ^, ^ it, w. The 
morning bell, struck about sunrise. 

Ake-tate, r^i^r, ^ Pg,». Opening 
and shutting. 

-^KI? y^t JKj »• Autumn, fall. 

AkIj-Uu^ or kiru^ aita, r^, I6, or jj|, 
i. V, To eat enough, to be full, satiated, 
to have enough, to be tired of, wearied. 
Aku made taherUy to eat to satiety. Mo ki- 
ki aita. I have heard enough, or I am 
tired of hearing. Sakana ni ahcj to be 
tired of fish. 

Syn. ITO. lYA NI NAllU. 

Aki, y^j ^5 w- Satiety, fullness, enough. 
— ga deruy to get tired of anything. — 
ga hagai, soon weary of 

Aki, aku, aita, 7^, ^ or ^, t.v. To 
be open, empty, vacant, unoccupied, to 
begin. To ga atta, the door is open. Ige 
ga aita, the house is vacant. Ifako ga aita, 
the box is empty. Akinai no kuchi ga aiia. 

the sale has commenced. Me ga aku, eyes 
are open. Syn. hiraku, .car a. 

Akibito, r ^ t* h , "^ a? ^*- A merchant, 
trader. Syn. akin do. 

Aki-chi, r ^r-f j ^ life, «. Vacant ground. 

Aki-DANA, 7^^'-^, ^ TSj w- A vacant 
shop or house. 

AKi-HATE-m-^a, r^^Nr/^, It:^, *>• 
To be completely satiated or tired of any- 
thing, disgusted. Kono shigoto ni akihateta, 
quite tired of this work. 

Aki-iye, 7^^^, ^ ^, n. A vacant 

AkimekurAj 7^^^y,^'M ^- Amau- 

AKi^Ai,'-au,'-atta, 7^-f7,'^,t.v. To 
trade in, to traffic, to buy and sell Otm- 
ye wa nani wo akinai-nasarUy what do you 
trade in ? Syn. bat-bai, shobai szar. 

Akinai, r^r -Ml 5 1^, n. Trade, traffic, 
commerce. — wo szru, to trade. 
Syn. suOBAi. 

Akin'AI-btoe, r^-hh7'^; i&'^j(sho' 
sen, J n. A merchant- ship. 

Akinai-moxo, r^-Mi^/, "^ ^, n. 

AkindO, 7^yy,'^Ai «• A merchant. 

Akippoi, 7^';^^^4, a. Easily tired, soon 
satisfied, fickle. 

AkirakAj 7^-^ij, IJIJ. Clear, plain, in- 
telligent, luminous. — imru hi, a clear 

Akiraka-XI, r:^7>l?^, nJI, a^r. Clearly, 
distinctly, plainly, evidently, intelligent!}-. 
— iit, to speak plainly. 

AKiRAME,-r«,-^a, 7^^;^;}^, t^, t.v. To 
clear, to make plain* to understand, to 
clear, free or relieve the mind of doubt 
or perplexity, to be resigned or become 
easy in mind. LOri wo — , to make the 
truth plain or to understand it. Shikat^ 
ga nai to — , finding there is no remedy to 
be resigned. Syn. omoi-ki uu. 

AkiRAME, r=!rf >, If, «. Ease or relief 
of mind from doubt, perplexity or anxie- 
ty; resignation, satisfaction. — no tanw 
ni isha ni mite moraUj to ask a physician 
to see a patient merely for one's satisfac- 
tion. — no warui onna, a woman who will 
not be resigned or dismiss a matter from 
her mind. 

AKlRE,-ni,-^«, r^i>;^5?.t*. To be aston- 
ished, amazed, to wonder, to be surprised. 
Akireic mono ga iwarenUj not able to speak 
from astonishment. Akireta hto. a won- 
derful man. 
Sj-n. ODOUOKV. b6zen. 

Digitized by 




-^31 A 

AKlTARi.-r«,-^^a, r ^r^/i' fS JE, i.v. To 
be satisfied, to have enough, contented. 
Akiiaradz^ neg. unsatisfied. 

tAKlTSZSHlMA,orAKlTS-SZ,r =^ ^;'>^^, 5^ 
^ ^. n. An ancient name of Japan. 

Akiya, T^^, ^ M? w- a vacant house. 

Akkerakan, T'^^^yijy, odv. Yed. coll. 
In a vacant empty manner, having nothing 
to occupy one's self with. — to ah'ie h 
wo hurasz^ to spend the day in a vacant 
idle manner. 

Akki, r^^j ^ %^ (ashil'i oni ) n. Evil 

Akki, r^*; ^^j w- Noxious vapors, 

Vile, scurrilous or blackguard language. 

— azru^ to blackguard, revile. 
Syn. NONOSinuu, zo-cox. 

Ako, r-h^j^y^ adc^ contraction of ^M^<, 

AKOGARBj-rit.-^a, r ^ ifyyf^^ «• f. To be 
fond of. to love, as flowers. 

AKora-xi, r^^^, ^\^, (idv. In a con- 
tumacious manner, persistantly, obstina- 
tely. Syn. siiiTSZKor, iriTAszuA-xi. 

Aku, r^, the adjective or final form of 

Aku, TiJ', Jc fl"? ^'- ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ liquor 
obtained by shicking lime or steeping any 
thing in water. 

Aku, r^, ^. (ashih',) v. Anything bad, 
wicked, evil, infamous, atrocious, hellish, 
malionant, noxious, virulent, foul. — 
ICO szru^ to commit evil. — wo korasz, to 
l)unish wickedness. — 7ii fitkeru^ to in- 
crease in evil, (used generally in comp. 
words as an adjective.) 

Akubi, r^t% 3v? ^'- Yawning, gaping. 

— wo szru, to yawn, gape. 
Aku-RIYo, r^^t*^^, ^^5 (mhihya- 

muf.) n. A malignant or foul disease. 
Aku-CHI, r^-f , ^ jfil? w. Impure blood. 
Akudoi,-ki, r^V^, ^., coll., 

coarse, not delicate, not refined, persistent, 

obsthiate. Syn. siiitszkot. 
Aku-fu, r^/y^-i ^ J®»? (ashlki mrawa- 

shi) n, A bad custom. 
Aku-Go, r^/ify^ ^^*j (aHlilkitvaza.)n. 

Evil deeds. (Budd.) — wo Uzkurite aku go 

no midcui wo tckurit. 
Aku-giaKU, r^=¥^^, ^ Jb*, ??. Any 

thing or pcrsou outrageously wicked, 

atrocious, nefarious, diabolical or impious. 
Aku-J1. r^i?, ^ ^, (as1iikikoto,)n. A 

bad affair, wicked thing. — sen n\ a bad 

thin 2 i3 known a thoui-ind milcM. 

Akujitsz, r^^V', ^ Sf, n. The seed 
of the GolO^ used as a medicine. 

Aku-ma, r^^,^ ^,n. A demon, de- 

Aku-MIYo, T^l^^yM^, (asJiil'ina,) 
n. A bad name or reputation. 


Aku-isin, r^->', ^ Aj (tcarmlitoj)n. 
An exceedingly wicked man. 

Aku-RIYO, r^ i;^^, ^ ffi, w. A mali- 
cious spirit of a dead person. — ga tori- 
tszkti. possessed by a malicious spirit. 

Aku-So, r^f^/^:^,7i, A bad or ma- 
licious physiognomy. 

Akuta, r^^,'^,n. Dirt, litter, filth. 
Syn. GOMi. 

Aku-tai, r^i^4, ^ tS, w. Vile, foul, 
scurrilous language. Syn. akKo. 

Aku-TO, r ^^ ^, ^ JK, ?^. An atrocious- 
ly wicked person or company. 

Ama, T-^j ^, n. A buddhist nun. 

Am A, 7^, ^ A? ^'- A fisher- worn an. 

Ama, T-r, 5C' ^*- Heaven, the sky, used 
only in compounds. 

Amaboshi, r^^>y, "H* ^, w. Sun-dried, 
without being salted. 

Amacha, r-^^^, 'H' ^, ». The name 
of a sweet infusion, used as a medicine, 
and for washing the ima?e of Shaka, on 
the anniversary of his birth. 


7-^^'t^, 2, n. The rain drop- 

ping from the eaves. 
Amauera, y^fy-t ^ ^^ n. A convent 

or nunnery, (Budd.) 
Am ADO, r^Y, "^ ^, «. Rain-door, the 

outside sliding doors. 

Amagappa, r-^if^:^^^, W ^ 3^? w- ^ 

AmagA'^A, r-^if^^ "^ ^, n. A rain hat, 
or "j^ 1^, an umbrella. 

Amagayeuu, r^if^P^ 1^ Mj n, A 


Amagoi, r^^-h, 1^ ^, w. Prayers and 
sacrifices offered up, to procure rain. 

Amagu, r^/, M a? w- Articles used 
to protect from rain. 

Amai,-K1, r^'i, "H*, a. Sweet. [i^],not 
enough salt; [5^], loose, not tight; [$ife], 
soft as metal ; foolish. Sato ga aniai, 
sugar is sweet. ShiwQ g(^ — , there is not 
enough salt in it. Nori ga — , there is 
not enough starch in it, (clothes.) Kxisa- 
hi ga — , the wedge is loose. Katana no 
kam ga — , the metal of the sword is soft. 
Chhjc ga — . has but little wit. 

Digitized by 





Amajiwo, r^l^t^y ^ H, n. Slightly 

AMAKEDZKl,-/j?«,-/^a, 7^^^/^, ^ ^ 

-^5 f. V. To have the appearance of rain. 
Amaku, T-^^, "^y adv. Sweet, ace Amai, 

— szrUj to sweeten. — nai, it is not sweet. 
Katie ga amahide hire 7iai, the metal is so 
soft it will not cut 

|S^, I. r. To descend from heaven. 
fAMA-MA, T-^^, ^ ^ , (anuf no aidaj n. 

Intervals between showers of rain. 
AmA-MIDZ, r-riy, ^ tIC, w. Rain- 
Ama-MORI, r^^ V > M ^' ''• ^ leaking 

of rain through the roof. 
Ama-moyoi, r-?'^3t, ^ fg, w. A 

gathering of the clouds for rain. — ga szru. 
A^A^Ai,-au,-atta, r -^-^7, "^, <. t?. To 

relish, ? tco amanawadz, not to relish food. 
AmakEKU, r-^^^, ^, flf^r. Every where, 

universally, all, whole. Hi tea — sehai 

wo t^rasZj the sun shines over the whole 

earth. Syn. man-ben-m. 
AuA^Ji,-dzru,-jita, r-e ^y;u, "^, f.r. To 

relish, delight in. Shoku wo — , to relish 


Amanogawa, r^;iff\y 5^ ^, w. The 

milky way. 

Ama-6i, f^j^ir^ tj H 51, ??. A covering 
or screen to keep off the rain. 

AMAKIj-7'W,-^^a, r^;t^, fjj, /.r. To ex- 
ceed, to be more or greater than, to be 
beyond or above, to remain over, to be 
left over. To%hi tea rokuju ni amaru, he 
was more than sixty years old. £hre dake 
aniatta^ there is so much over, Te ni amaru, 
too strong for, too nmch for one's strength. 
Jfe ni — , cannot bear to look at, cannot 
see patiently. Ureshisa ga mi ni — , his 
happiness was excessive, (lit. too much for 
bis body). Syn. nokoru, szcnnu. 

Amabi, r^^)y n. That which is left over, 
the remainder, excess. Lamia no • — %ca 
tcafiikmhi itadahimas^ I receive what my 
master leaves. 

AmaRI, T^ ij 5 ^, adv. Very, exceedingly, 
more than, too, above. — samui^ very 
cold. — tanto^ too nmch. Hatszka — , 
more than twenty days. ^- oki^ too large. 

— omoshiroku mo nai, not very agreeable. 

Syn. HAN AH AD A, 8ZQI, 

Amari-na, or Amari-no, r-^ V ^, fh? ^' 
Excessive. — hurushim ni hoye tco Iias- 
tzru^ cried out through excessive pain. 
— ► hoto tco iu, to say that whicli is impro- 
per or unjust. 


AmASA, r^^^, -y*,w. The degree of sweet- 
ness, &e., see Amai. 

AmasHI, r-^t^,-^, a. Sweet, sec Amai, 

AMA^m,^sz,-sh'ta, r-?;^, |fe, t.v. To lot 
remain, leave over. Teki wo amasz na^ 
don't let any of the enemy remain. Ama- 
sadzj neg. without leaving any. 
Syn. NOKosz. 

Amaso-na, r-^-^^♦-^, •H-;tB, ff. Having 
the appearance of being sweet, &c., see 

Amassae, r-T*;^-if^, ^Ij, adv. Moreover, 
besides, still more. Syn. sono wiye-ni. 

Amata, r-^^, tJ: ^> ^- ^any, much. 

— tahi. many times. — wo JitOy a great 
many persons. 


fAMATSZ, T^^y, (comp. of Ama, heaven, 
and obs. gen. suffix, tsz, of.) — kami, god 
of heaven. — A/, the sun. — oiome, 

Amayadori, r-r^ Ki;, H ffc, ». Shelter 
from the rain. 

AMAYAKASHl,-S2;,-s7iVa, r^^ fj^, t.v. 
To humor, pet or indulge, as a child; to 
dandle or amuse a child, JfLodomo wo — . 

AMAYE,-.n/,-^a, r-^:x;i., Jf, ^ r. To ca- 
ress, fondle, to fawn upon in the manner 
of a child. Kodonio ga oya ni — , the child 
fondles upon its parent?. 

Amayo, r^3, ^?£, w. A rainy night. 

AmazakE, r-^-»f '^j jg, ». Sweet %dke, a 
kind of fermented rice. 

Ambai, ry/\A^ S^» ^* ^^^ seasoning 
or taste of food, the state, condition, way, 
manner. — wo mini^ to taste or examine 
into the condition of anything. Waiakmhi 
amhai ga warui, I do not feel well. Kiyo 
wa — wa ihaga de gozarimas, how do you 
feel to day. Kano sztaji no — ga yoi, 
this soup is nicely seasoned. Konofude 
wa i — ni kakerUj this pen writes well. 
Biyonin no — %vo tadzneruy to inquire 
how a sick person is. 


Ame, r/ ,i^, n. A kind of jelly made 
of wheat flour. 

Ame, y;^ , ^, n. The sky, heavens. Ame- 
tszchi heaven and earth. — ga sh'ta, under 
the heavens, the Empire of Japan. 

A3IE, 7> , "j^, n. Rain. — gafuru, it rains. 

— ga hareta^ the rain has cleared oC — 
ga yanda, the rain has stopped. — ga ha- 
hint, to get wet with rain. — gafuriso 
da, it looks like rain. 

Ame-fuRI, r^7V, ^ P^, (atcn.) n. 
Kainv weather. 

Digitized by 





AmEUSHJ, 7^ ^V, 5^ ^, ?i A yellow 

hnired ox. 
Ami, r ^ , ^, n. A net, net work of any 

kind. -- no me^ the meshes of a not; 

— 100 szht^ to make a net ; — wo titsz^ 
to cast a net. — laohihi^ to draw a net; 

— too karu, to spread a net; — ?«* ka- 
hanij to be taken in a net. 

Ami, -nni.-nda, r^, ^, i.v. To net, or 
make net work ; to weave or bind to- 
gether with strings, to compose. Szdari 
wo — , to make a bamboo shade. Sho- 
motsz wo — , to compose a book. 

Ami, y I y 71. A small kind of shrimp. 

Ami-ba, ri^\, M iU^ '^- -^^ P^^^^ ^^^ 

drying nets. 

Amida, r ^ ^', pPf 5i P£, n. Buddha. 

Ami-do, r ^ K, ^ j^, w. a door made 
of wire gauze. 

AmigaSa, r ^ 7», H ^, n. A hat made 
of bamboo or ratan. 

Ami-HIKI, 7^ h^, |g 51, 7?. A fisher- 

Ami-JIBAN', 7 ^ >*^sy, M Mr ^'- -^ net 

Amma, yy-^, ^ j^, n. Shampooing, also 

a Shampooer. — wo tone, to shampoo. 

— wo rnomu^ id. — ni momaseru^ to be 
rubbed by a shampooer. 

AmMARI, T ^^ V » coll- same as Amnri. 
Ammatori, r^'-^h V, ^^ J^ 61, n. A 

shampooer. Syn. roiN. 
Ammin, ry\ y,^ IIE, (yaszhcnemuru.) 

quiet and sound sleep. 
Ammochi, ry^-f,iU @f, «• A kind of 

cake stuffed with beans and sugar. 

Ammon', yy^y, ^ 3C? "• A first or 
rough copy. Syn. sriTAGAKr, foko. 

Ampera, yy-^y^ n. A kind of chincse 

AmpI, r^'f, ^ ^, (yaszhi inaya,) n. 
Whether well or not. — ico to, to inquire 
after the health of any one or his family. 

— wo shirasertfj to inform as to one's 

Ampuku, yyy^, t^ M^ (^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^o- 
mu,) shampooing or rubbing the abdomen. 

— szru. 

Ay, y y, Jjj^, n. A small house inhabited 
by a retired Budd. priest. 

An, y y^ ^, w. IMinced meat; or a mixture 
of beans and sugar used for baking in 

An, y y^ ^. ??. Opinion, thought, expec- 
tation. — 710 gotohi, just as was thought 
or expected. — 7ii taffaim^h, not difi*orcnt 
from what was r^upj-^'t^cd. — no hol'a. 

contrary to one's expectation. — wi sOi 

szrtf, idem. 8yn. oMor, kancaye. 
fAx, yy, ^, (ya^zi.) Freedom from trou» 

ble, sickness or calamity, ease, happiness, 

tranquility, (this word is only used iu 

tAx, T •^j |1§, (ya77n\ kurashi.) Dark, (only 

used in compounds.) 
Ana, r-^, |S|f 3I5» Exclamation of joy, 

sorrow, surprise, disgust, &c.,=how ! oh ! 

— ureshi ya, how delightful ! — osoroshi 
ya, how fearful ! — ya to baha7'i saJcebu, 
could only exclaim, oh! 

Ana, y-^, ^, n. A hole, cave, pit. mine. 

— wo horn, to dig a hole. — wo akct^u, lo 
make a hole. Fiis/nana, a knot hole. 

: ANAl)0RI,-r2/.-^^r/, r-^ K;i-, fg, ^ r. To 
! despise, contemn, scorn; look down upon, 
I disdain. ShO teJci wo anadoruhoio nakare^ 
1 don't despise a weak enemy. IT to wo 
t anadotni 77iotw iva Kto 7ii anadorarertCy 
(prov.) he that despises others shall be 
despised. Syn. karondzru, misageru, 


AnaDORI, r-hK'^. w. Contempt, dis- 
dain, scorn. Syn. khibetsz. 

AnaGACHI-NI, r-^:^'-f ^, 5£, adv. With- 
out right or reason, unreasonably, will- 
fully, stubbornly, obstinately. — tatahai 
too honof7iadz, not fond of war merely for 
the sake of fighting. — hfo no hohoro wo 
tUagawadz, must not be unreasonably sus- 
picious of others. 
Syn. SUITE, Muni-Ni. 

Anago, r-^^, ;?$i:S, n. a species of eel. 

Ana-guRA. r-h;^7, '^, n. A cellar or 
storehouse underground. 

Anaji, r-h^% 4t?^»^^- Fistula in ano. 

fANAKASH'KO, r-^*>^3,^K» K-^ciam. 
of fear, deep respect or admiration, used 
mostly at the close of a letter or a Budd. 

Anata, y^^, ^'Jj, (cont. of ano and 
kata.) That side, there; you, (respectful). 
Kawa no ^- ni, on that or the other side 
of the river. ■ — konata, here and there ; 
both sides. — doko ye, where are you 
going. Syn. atchi, AritihA, omaye. 

Anatagata, r-^^^'^, plural of Anata, 
You, (respectful). 

AnchI, yy^, ^ ^. (Ya^z7ijioku,) — 
szru^ to place an idol in a temple. 

jAndaRA. yy^y, n. Nonsense, foolish- 
ness. Ka)ii 700 — tszkusz zo ye, what 
nonsense are 3'ou saying ? 

Ando, yyv, ^it'- Ease, happiness, 
tranquility, freedom from care or trouble. 
Ourhi hnhn no Icokoro iro — sascrif wo 

Digitized by 





dot ichi to sz^ it should be our priucipal ' 
care to make our parents happy. I 

Svn. osniTSZKC. 

Andz, r y^, ^ ■^, n. Apricot. I 

AnE, r^, i$, w. Older sister. 

AxE-BUN, r^-l'y, H jpfei ^'- One who 
acts the part of an older sister. I 

Ane-ijO, r^^. w. Sister; used by common 
people in familiarly addressinj^ a woman. ' 

AnE-MUKO, r^>3, jp^ ^if , 7?. Older sis- \ 
ter's husband, brother in law. ! 

Ane-muszme, r^J^^j^j ^ ]fe, ^'- The 
eldest daughter. 

Anga, ryif,^^, n. The death of the 
Mikado. Syn. uo-giyo. 

Angiya, r^'^^, ft KP, ^?- Strolling, 
going about on foot, (as priests, musicians, 
&c ) — szru, to stroll or go about on foot. 
Syn. Yu-REKi. 

An-g'wai, ryfVA, ^ 5^, (omoinoho- 
ha ) Contrary to expectation, unexpected- 
ly. — hayaku dekita, done sooner than I 
expected. Syn. zoxg*wai, an-no-hoka. 

Ani, T^, :^, exclam. always at the be- 
ginning of a sentence ending in i/a. Ani 
hakaran ya^ how unexpected I 
Syn. ikadeka. 

Ani, T^y^.n. Older brother. 

Ani-BUN, r:^ry, H %, n. One who 
acts the part of an older brother. 

Ani-DESHI, r- fy, 5t 1^ ^, «• Older 

Anigo, ysior^n. Brother, used in familiar 
address to another. 

Aniki, r^=^, 5t» w- An older brother. 

fAK-lTSZ, ry^-y^^^y (klmama,) n. 
Living at ease, without the necessity of 
AiJl-YOME, r^ 3;^ , J$, n. Older brother's 

wife, or sister in law. 
jAn-JAKU, r >'^^i5', Bg H, (kurakuyo- 
washi.) Imbecile, idiotic. — nite katoku 
ni tatadz. 
A^ji,-jim, or dzru-jita^ 7yi>i\^^ ^, 
i. V. To think anxiously about, to be an- 
xious, concerned. Anjiru yori umu ga 
yaszij (pro v.) a labor is less painful than 
the anxiety about it Oya ga ko wo anjiru^ 
parents are anxious about their children. 
Syn. KURO 8ZRU, ^himpai szru. 
Anji, T yi^if^l'f^' An invention, contri- 
vance, anxiety. 
ANJi-DASHi,-«2,-57i7a, r yi>^'^ , % {ii, 

t, V, To call to mind, to suddenly recol- 
lect. To plan, invent, to contrive, to ex- 
cogitate. Svn. OMOI-DASZ 

Axji-KURASHi,-^*;:,-,^/^'///, ryi^^^ ^ , 
^ ^, <. r. To live in constant anxiety. 

ANJi-ME^uRASHi,-5z,-s//7a, T y i^ ;* ^-7 
Ix , ^ 50 , ^ r. To pondcir anxiously 
about . 

Anjitsz, yy^''^, /^ ^, w A small 
Budd. temple, or dwelling of a priest. 

ANji-AVABi,-nf,-^a, r>>*7t;i-, ^ 1^, 
t. V. To be anxious and distressed about. 

ANJi-WADZRAi,-aw,-ai^<7, y yv^V^i^y -^ 
1^ /R> '• ''• 1'<^ ^^ paintnlly anxious 
about. Ikaga sen to anji-wadzrau. 

AkjU, fyj^^ ^ tti (yaszku szmau ) 
Living in safety or free from trouble or 

Ankan, r >'^ >', :^ eh, Free from busi- 
ness, without working. — to sfCte hi wo 
kurasz, to live as a man of leisure. 

tANKl, 7 y^, ^ /£» (yaszki, ayauki,) n. 
Safety or danger, existence or niin. Ku- 
jii jio — kono Kto ikusa ni kakaru, the 
safety of the country depends on this 

Anki, yy^n ^ ^, n. Peace or tran- 
quility of mind, happiness. 

tAN-KlYO, ry^^, ^ r&j (yaszku oru.) 
Living in ease, free from trouble. 

tAN-KO, ryij^j^M^ ^^^^^ ^"^^^ trou- 
ble or calamity. Syn. buji. 

Anna, r^-h, (contr. of Ano and 7o-naJ 
a. That kind, manner or way; such. 

An-NAI, r>'-^^, ^ ^, n. Knocking at 
a door, or calling out tanomO, for admit- 
tance. Sending word or a messenger ; to 

* call a person to come, or show him the 
way. The way, the roads or natural fea- 
tures of a couutry ; the streets and pecu- 
liar arrangement of a city or town ; the 
inside arrangement of a castle or house. 

— wo %u or — wo ia, to call out for ad- 
mittance. — ga aru^ there is some one at 
the door. — wo shiru^ to know the road 
or way, &c. — wo szrUj to guide or 
show the way. 

Annaija, r:^-^>fs?■v, ^ ^ ^, n. A 
guide, one acquainted with the roads or 
natural features of a country or place. 

fAN-NEi, ry^A, ^ $. (Yaszku yasz- 
ski J n. Tranquility, case, freedom from 
sickness, trouble or calamity. 

An-NON, ryj^y,^"^, (Yaszku odaya- 
ka,) peace, ease, quietness, freedom from 
danger or disturbance, safety. Syn. buji. 

Ano, r /, tS, (comp. of a and tw,) a. That. 

— Iito, that man, he. — tort, that way. 

Son. KANO. 

An-BAKU, r yy ^,^^, ^anicas J/?;?^??. 

Digitized by 





Ax-SHiN, ry-yy,^ >&, (Ydszhlhohoro,) 

n. A mind free from care, anxiety or 
trouble ; composure, ease, tranquility. 
Syn. ANDO. 

tAN-SHo, ryys^,^ 11, Reciting from 
memory. Syn. souandzru, cnru de yomu, 

tAN-soKU, r^V^,^,i„ Rest, ceasing 
from labor. - - szru^ to rest. — nichi, 
a day of rest, sabbath- day, Syn. kiu-soku, 


t An-TAI, ry^Aj^^,n. same as Anho. 
Anzan, ryify, ^ ^j(Ya82kuumu,)n, 

An easy or natural labor, — szru. 
IAn-ZEN, ry^y,^^, (Taszhu matta- 

ski ) Completely safe, free from all evil or 

harm ; perfect peace and tranquility. 
Ao, T ^, ^, Light green or sky blue, used 

only in compounds. 
AoBA, yf^s, W?l' """ ^reen leaves. 
AoBAl, r ^/N/f 5 # (1, w. The blue-bottle 


AoBANAj r^^\^, W ^j ^^' A snotty 

nose. — too tareru. 
AoCHA, r^-f^, ^ ^, n. A yellowish 

green color, 
AoDZKE, r ?^/», ^ gjf, 7i. Green plums 

pickled in salt. 
Aoai,-y2*,-/^a, ry^, M^ '•«'• To fan, to 
winnow. 05^* <=?« oo^, to fan with a 
fan. Mugt wo — , to fan wheat. 
AoGi,-gu,--ida, r7/, jfjj, tv. To look 
upwards, to turn the face upwards, to 
assume the attitude of veneration and 
supplication. Tefi wo — , to look upwards 
at the sky. Aogi-fusz, to lie with th^ 
face turned upward. Aogt-negatt^ to sup- 
plicate with deep veneration. Aogi-mirUy 
to look up at. 
AOGl-NBGAWAKUBA, r7 ^=^1f^s^ ^\ jjjj 

i^, adt\ Most respectfully pray that. 
AoGi-TATB,-rw,-^a, ry^^T/i-, ^ ji, 
t V. To fan. Hi wo — , to kindle fire by 

AoHlKl, r 7 t +, ^ ^, n. A smaU green, 

Aoi, or AoKl, r ^ /f , ^, a. Light green 
or blue ; green, unripe, immature, inex- 
perienced. Aoi buddy green grapes. 

koto wo tUy to say something silly. 

Aoi, r7 h, ^, n. The holly-hock. 

AoKU, 7 7^, ^, adv. Green, see Aoi. 
— naru, to become green; — szru, to 
make green; — mii/eru, to look green. 

AoMi, rf 1,^,71, A tinge or shade of 
green, the green. 

Aom,--mu,-nda, 7 7^,% i. v. To be- 
come fi^recn. 

A0Ml-DACHl,-#62,-f^a, r^^.^'^y,^ ±, 

i. V. To appear, or look green. 
AoTAVKi,'J:u,-ita, r^-^^, ^ f^,t.v. 
To turn the face upwards. Aomuite hoshi 
wo miru, to look up at the stars. Aomuite 
neru, to lie on the back. 
AONA, r^-h, ^, n. Greens. 
A0N0Ki,-7i*w,-iYa, r^/^, i.v. The same 

as Aomuku. 
AOKI, r7 V, 1^ ^, n. The flaps of a sad- 
dle. The fan used for wimiowing grain. 
Aom-r2i,-tta, r7;^, i.v. To flap as any 
thing broad or loose in. the wind, to slam 
to swing in the wind, as a door, shutter' 
&c., (t. V.) To flap, or beat with a flap., 
To ga aoru, the door slams. Uma wo — , 
to beat a horse by striking the stirrups 
against the saddle flaps. Hi ni aorarete 
yane hara ochiru, struck by the flame he 
fell from the roof. 
AoRI, 77 V, «. The blast of wind made 
by the flapping or slamming of any thing. 
— wohuyio be struck by a sudden blast, 
as of a falling house. 
AoSA, 7 7-»^, ^, n. The greenness. 
AoSA, 7 ^^f, 1^ ^, n. Seaweed, used for 

AoSHi, 7 7>^, ^, a. Green, see Aoi, 
AOSORA, 7 7 y 7 , W ^> The sky. 
•AoszJi, r^7.^\%%, n. The blue veins 

of the temples. 
Acta, 7 7^, ^ ffl, n. The green paddy- 
fields, A dead-head, one who enters 
theatres and shows without paying. 
Syn. DEMBO. 
AoTO, 7 7 > , ^ ^SE, w. A kind of green 

stone, used for whetstones. 
AouMA, 7 7^-r, ^ ,^, n. A black-horse. 
fAoUNABABA, 7 1 ♦t ^N7, ^ ^, «. The 

deep blue sea. 
AoYAGi, 7 7^ =¥, ^ :eill, w. The wiUow. 


AozAMB,-rw,-^a, 7 7^^V;^, % g, i. v. 

to become livid. Iro aozamete miyeruy he 

became of a livid color. 
Apparb, r i^^\y^, %, (same as awarey) 

exclam. of surprise and admiration. — 

sayetaru o te no uchi, what a splendid blow! 
Ara, 7 ^ , #, n. The bones of fish or fowl. 

— wa inu ni yare, gives the bones to the 

dog. Syn. hone. 
^»^. ^7, if, (shin,) New. —hafuruka, 

is it new or old .^ — wa tahai, the new is 

ARA, 77, ?| If , Exclam. of joy, fear, 

surprise, &c., same as Ana, — osoroshii 

ya, how dreadful ! 

Digitized by 





Ara, T7, ffl, «. Coarse, rough, crude, 
unwrought, unpolished, (used only in 

Aba- ABA, r^T9y^ ^,adv. Coarsely, 
roughly, briefly, summarily, not minutely 
particukirly or neatly, not with care or 
attention. Syn. zatto, somatsz-ni. 

Aba-abashu,-ki, r ^ r ^ 5^/f , fi, or jg., 

a. Coarse, rough, rude, harsh, violent, 
boisterous, fierce, rehement, ferocious, 
tempestuous. Ara-arashiku, adv, 


Ababa, 7'7^\, sub-mood of An, same as 
Areha. If I have, if there is. 

ABADACHi,-i«8,-e^a, r •? ^ 5^, 3E 3:, 
t. r. To become enraged, exasperated, 
irritated. Jin-ki ga — ^ the people are ex- 
a^)erated. Syn. ikaru, hara ga tatsz. 

ABADATB,-n*,-^a, r^^r;^, 3E jt, <"*'• 
To irritate, to exasperate, excite to an- 

Abade, T^r, (comp. of Ari and neg. 
gerund, suff. cfe,)=by the not having, if 
there is not. — hanawanuy cannot do with- 
out Anaia ni — hoha ni szru h*to wa 
not, if you can't do it nobody else can. 

Abadz, Tf ^, ^^, neg. of Art, is not. 
Ano kHo wa Uzne-hito ni aradz, he is not 
a common man. 

AbadzMBA, 7y^y/\, (comp. of ^n and 
tra, with m euphonic), neg. subj. of Art, 
if I have not, if there is not, same as 
Anzde, or nakereha, 

Aba-dzmobi, r^^^\), 5K il> ^«- A 

rough estimate. 

ABAGAl,-at«,-^^a, Tyify ^t, t\ To irri- 
tate, to provoke, to tease. Kodonw ni 
— , to tease a child. Syn. ikaraseru, 

Abagane, T^f^, 3£ ^, 71. Crude 
metal, ore. 

Abagawa, r^^^N, 3g ife, w. A raw 
hide, undressed skin. 

Ara-GIy6, r:?^^^, 3ig It, w. Religious 

AbagOME, rf=»'>, 3g tK, w. Uncleaned 

Abai, or Araki, rf A , 5l> Coarse in 
texture size or quality, rough, not smooth; 
harsh, rude, wild, boisterous, tempestuous, 
violent, 7V no arai kinuy silk of coarse tex- 
ture. Ki no arai k*to, a man of violent 
temper. Nami ga — , the sea is rough. 
Kaze ga — , the wind is strong. Tszbu 
ga — , the grains are coarse. Ifada ga 
— , the skin or surface of any thing is 

ABAi,-aw,-a^^a, r7 7,i5fc, t.r. To wash, 
to cleanse. Te wo — , to wash the hands. 
Cha-wan wo araye, wash the cups. Kohoro 
wo — , to cleanse the heart. Kimono wo 
— , to wash clothes. Syn. szszgu, sen- 


Arai, Tf t, j5fe» w. The washing. Ko7io 
kimono no — ga warut, these clothes are 
badly washed. 

Abai-guszbi, r 7 1/;^ y , 8fe H, n. A 

medical wash. 

AbaIKO, r^ h3, 86 3^, 71. A washmg 
powder made of beans. 

ABAl-0T0SHl,-5Z,-s/^'ia, T f t ^ f JJ^ , gfe 
^, t V. To wash out. Shimi wo — , to 
wash out a stain. 

ABAi-<rADE,-.rM,-^a, r^ t^ r ;^, t, v. To 
cleanse the bottom of a ship by burning 
and washing. 

Abai-YONE, rf t3^, gfe ^» (senxmai,) 
n. Washed rice offered to idols. 

Abaji, Tfl^, (comp. of Ari and fut. or 
dub. neg. suff. ji.) I think it is not, or I 
doubt whether it is. = coll. Arumai, or^a- 

Abakajime, r 7 Ttr 5?>?« , fit, adv. Before- 
hand ; summarily, in a general way ; not 
particularly or minutely. — yoi wo 8h*te 
oku, to make preparation beforehand. • — 
mi-tszmoru, to make a rough estimate. 


Aba-kasegi, 77^!;^!=^, n. Rough or 

coarse work. 
Aba-KATA, Tyij^.'^if, adv. For the 

most part, in the main, mostly, generally. 

— dekitttf mostly finished. Syn. taigai, 


Abakenai, or Abakenashi, rf ^-h^ , 
^ ^, a. Rough in temper, savage, cruel, 
churlish. — h*to. 

AbakENAKU, Ty^-^^, adj\ id. 

f Abamahoshii, or Abamahoshiki, r 9 
-^t^-y^y a. That wliich one desires or 
longs for. — ku, adv. 

AbamaSHI, r^^y, adv. For the most 
part, in the main, mostly, generally, not 
minutely. Fashin ga — dekita^ the build- 
ing is mainly finished. S}ti. tai-tei, 

Abame, Ty/y^^^^n, A kind of edible 

fARAME, T-y/y same as ^raw, or coll. 
am de aro. I think it is, I think there 

Abami, Ty^y Wi 71)^^' ^ unfinished 

Digitized by 





AramomI, r 7 ^' ^ , fg, 71, Kice with the 
hulls on. 

Ara-MONO, rf^/,'^ I\^, n, Cbarse- 
wares, a general t^im for such things as 
wood, charcoal, brooms, clogs, &c. 

Aran, ry y, fut. of Ari.^Aro of the coll. 
Will be, or would be. Kaka aran to amoi- 
shi yuye^ because I thought it would be so. 
Inochi no aran hagiri tatahau, to fight 
as long as there is life, 

AraNAMI, r 7-h ^ , ^ iS, w- Rough sea, 
boisterous waves. 

•[-AraNEBA, Ty^^^t (comp. of aranu and 
wa,) neg. subj of Ari, if there be not.=: 
coll. nakereba. 

f Aranu, Ty^, /^ W» neg. of.4n. — 
koto wo tu, to say what is not so. 

AraRAKA-NI, r 7 7 ^ - , 5l' «^^'- Roughly, 
rudely, harshly. 

Arare, r^v/, ^, w. Snow falling in 
round pellets. — gafuru. 

•j-AraRENU, r-7i^>5?, neg. pot. of Art. 
Cannot be. Arare mo nai, idem. 

AraSA, Ty-^, n. The coarseness, rough- 
ness, see Aral, 

ARASE,-rw,-ia, rf-k;^, >^Wj caust. of 
Art. To cause to be or exist. 

fARASERAREj-rWj-^a, ry^y\^f^, t- r. 
The same as art, am, atta, but used only 
of the most exalted pereons. Go buji ni 
araserare soro ya, are you well ? 

f AraSHI, r-7>/, 3E, «• see Arai. 

ARASHl,-s»,-.sA7a, 7y^, 3it» ^- ^'- To 
spoil, ruin or injure by violence, to lay 
w^aste, destroy ; to let go to ruin. Inoshi- 
ski ga katake wo — , the wild hogs spoil 
the wheat fields. 

AraSHJ, Ty-y^ M> ^^- ^ tempest, storm. 

ARASHlME,-r2^, ry-y/}^^ 'ft* W> caust. 
and honorific of Ari. To cause or order 
to be or exist. Kami wa arayuru mono 
wo — . God caused all things to exist. 

ARASOi,-5,-oia, r^vjy ^,^r. To con- 
tend, to strive or compete, to dispute 
about, to wrangle, quarrel. Shohu wo — , 
to contend for victory. Dori wo — , to 
dispute about the truth. 

AraSOI, rfVh, ^, w. A dispute, con- 
tention, debate, wrangling. — wo okosz, 
to raise a dispute. 

ARAS01TAGARI,-?-?/,-^^a, T 7 V h ^ ;^>, 
i,i\ (comp. of Arasoij taku and an.) To 
be fond of disputing or argument; con- 
tentious; disputatious. 

fARATAMA, r 7 ^ ^, }% 71. An unpolish- 
ed gem. — no foshi, the year. 

ArataMARI,-?'^/,-^^, Ty^TjU, gjj^ j>. 

To be amended, overhauled, corrected, 
reforaied, altered, changed to something 
better. Nengo ga — , the name of the 
year is changed. Okite ga — , the sta- 
tutes are amended. Sny. kawaru. 
ARATAME,-rw,-^a, r-r^^/t-, gi;, t.v. To 
amend, alter, change, make better, to im- 
prove, reform, to examine, inspect, over- 
haul. Kokoro wo — , to reform the heart. 
Okonai wo — , to amend the conduct. 
Okite wo — , to amend the laws. Nimotsz 
wo — , to inspect goods. Chomen wo — , to 
examine an account book. Na wo — , to 
change the name. 


ArataME, Ty^/ 6fc' ^'' Examination, 
inspection. — wo ukeni, Syn. gimmi, 

sum ABE. 

ArataMETE, r :^ 7> r , 8fc M> «c?r. Espe- 
cially, particularly. Syn. betszdan-mi. 

Arata-NA, ry^-f, Jif, a. New. — iye, 
a new house. 

Arata-NA, ry^-f.^^.a. Wonderful 
in hearing prayer, or fearful in power, 
(used only in praying to Hotoke or Kami). 
— go rnyaku, thy wonderful grace. 

AratA-NI, 7y^=-^ j0f, adv. Anew, new- 
ly, in a new manner. 

Arate, r 7 f , S^ ^, w. Fresh troops, a 
fresh hand. — wo ire-kayeru, to bring up 
fresh troops, in place of those exhausted. 

Arato, 77 h , is -Sj ^' A coarse kind of 

Arawa-NI, r 7 ''^^ , ^, cidv. Openly, pub- 
licly. KakusNte mo — shirete oru, you 
may tiy to conceal it but it is publicly 
known. — iwai^enu koto, a thing which 
should not be openly talked about. 

ARAWARE,-rw,-^a, 7yf\^y)^, M» ^•^'- To 
be seen, to appear, to be manifest, visible ; 
to be known, to be discovered, revealed. 
Kurd ga kao ni — , his trouble showed 
itself in his face. MvJion ga — , the con- 
spiracy became known. Kiri ga harete 
yama ga — , the fog having cleared off the 
mountain is visible. 

ARAWASE,-n(,-fa, ry^^^j^, ^ 8b» 

caust. of Arai. To make, order or let 
wash. Te wo — , to make a person wash 
his hands. 

ARAWASril,-52,-5A7a, 7y/\7., ^, 1. r. 

To make to appear, cause to be seen, to 
display, disclose, manifest, to show, make 
known, reveal, declare, publish. IkaH 
wo kao ni — , to show anger in the coun- 
tenance. Makoto wo — , to declare the 
truth. Hon wo — , to publish a book. 
Svn. Misr.RT*. 

Digitized by 





AbayuRU, r^^/^, ^ W? «• That which 
is, existing- — mono^ all things that are. 
art to — mono mina ningen wo yashinan 
mono da, all things conduce to the good 
of man. 

Arazaru, rf"^;^^, ^, ncg. adj. of An, 

Are, ru', Exclam. in calling to another, or 
to draw attention. Are, machina-i/o, 
hollo ! wait a little. 

Abe, ru-, ^, pro. That. Are wa nam, 
what is that ? Are hodo, that much. Are 
wa dare no iye, whose house is that ? 

•j-Are, rt^, imp. of Ari. Be it, whether, 
Oide are, come here. Kaht — , so be it. 
H*to ni mo are hedamono ni mo are mina 
I'ami no tszkutta mono, whether man or 
animals all were made by God. 

ABE,-rM,-ia, ri/;i^, ^, ?'. r. To be spoil- 
ed, ruined, laid waste, to be savage, foro- j 
cious, raging, tempestuous, stormy. Taga ' 
Icodzi de areta, the rice-fields were spoiled 
by the inundation. Teoi sKka ga — , the 
wounded stag is savage. Umi ga — , the 
sea is stormj'. Den-ji ga — , the fields 
are waste. 

Abe, 7\y, 5I> ^- -^ storm, tempest. 

Arkba. rt^^<, conj. of Ari, if there is, if 
he has. 

Abe-CHI, ri>f , 5t Jfi» ^- "VVaste land. 

ArEDOMO, -r\yY=t, conj. mo. of Ari. Al- 
though there is. 

f Aregashi, r\yify>, (comp. of ^re, imp. 
of Ari, and Kashi.) Be I pray you, I 
wish that. Oya ni ko-ho aregashi, I pray 
you be obedient to your parents. On yu- 
nishi — , I pray you pardon me. 

Ari, T^) , n. A dove-tailed joint. 

Art, 7 V J t^? w« An ant. 

Art, aru, atto, yp, ^f , /. v. To be, to 
have, to exist. Aru ha nai la wahari 
masen, I dont know whether there is or 
not; or, whether he has or not. Kono 
koto hon ni aru, this is in a book. Sekai 
7ii aru mono, the things that are in the 
world. Atta ka, have you found it ? or 
got it ? Atie mo yoi, it is well to have it. 
Kono sakana wa doku ga am this fish 
is poisonous, (lit. has poison in it.) 
Kuwaskiku kaite aru, it is minutely 

ARlAl,-a?/,-af^C7, r^)r7,^ ^, i'V- To 
happen to be present, happen to have at 
hand. Sono ha ni ariatte klta^ happening 
to be at that place I heard it. Soha ni 
arid ho wo totte hutta, seizing a stick 
which happened to be near, I struck. 
Abi-AKB, r^)r^, ^ 03, n. Lasting all 
rii^ht. — no (szki* a moon which .«liincf< 

all night. — no ando, a lamp which 
burns all night. 

Ari-ari-to, r i; r lU , W ^,adv.Jmi as 
it was or is, plainly, distinctly. Turei ga 
— mxyeta. the ghost was distinctly visible. 

ARl-AWASE,-7-w,-/a, ri;7/N-t;i-, ^^, 
U r. same as Ariai. 

Ari-DAKE, r j; ^^, W ^, n. All there 
is. — motteyuke, bring all there is. 

Ari-dokoro, ri; V^v, ^ ^, n. The 
place where anything is. — ga shirenuy 
don't know where it is. 

ARl-FURE,-r?^-^a, r^)7 i^P, lS if , ^ r. 
To be common, usual, ordinary, customa- 
ly. Ari'fureta tori ni szru, do it in the 
customary way. Ari-fureta mono, a com- 
mon thing. 

Arigatai,-ki, r^jif'f'^, ^ H, (comp. 
of Ari, to be, and katai, difficult,) a. Dif- 
ficult or hard to do ; rare and excellent ; 
exciting feelings of admiration, praise and 
thankfulness; grateful, thankful. Taya- 
szku skinu-otosz koto arigatashi, to attack 
and take it (castle) will not be easy. To 
ni arigaiaki on hUo, a person whose like, 
for estimable qualities, is seldom seen in 
this world. Arigatai koto wo shiranu, 
devoid of gratitude. Jodo no arigaiaki, 
the bliss of paradise. Syn. katajikenat. 

ARlGATAGARI,-rw,-^^a, r^)1f^1fl\^^ ^ 
^, i.r. Grateful, thankful, or fond of 
expressing thanks. 

Arigataku, 7 ^) if ^ ^, W 5S. ««^*'- 
Thankful, grateful. — omo, to feel grate- 
ful ; — nam, to become grateful. 

Arigatasa, r V f^"^, W^^ w- Tlie state 
or degree of gratitude, also things to be 
thankful for, favors, blessings, benefactions. 

Arigato, r\)if^^^^^y adv. I thank 
you. — zonjimas^ or — gozarimas, id. 

Ari-GIRI, r i; ^ V , W "©1 ^- All there is, 
the whole. Koiio ahura — de gozarimas, 
this is all the oil there is. 

Ari-ka, r V ^j ^I JS^i w- The place where 
any thing is. — ga shiremasen, dont know 
where it, he, or she, is. 

f ARlKl,-fcw, r V ^, i^ fr> «• *•• To walk, 
to go, same as Amku. 

Ari-KITARI, r V ^:^ V j S 2}S, cf- Some- 
thing which has come down from ancient 
times, old, ancient, antique. Arikitari no 
tori, antique style. Arikitatta mono. 
Ari-MASz, T V ^ -^ 9 (comp. of Ari and ho- 
norific masz,) same as aru. To be, to 
have. ArimasKta, pret, have got or have 
found. Ari masen, neg. have not or is 
not. Arimaszmni, I think there is not, 
or hiis not, or will not* 

Digitized by 





Ari-no-mama, r V Z-^^, ^\M, n. Just 

as it is ; truly, without concealment. — m 

sh^ta okuy let them be just as they are. — 

m hanaszy to state or tell truly. 

Arinotowatari, r i; / h 7^ V , -g* j^, 

«. The perinaeum. 
Ari-SAMA, r i; -^^^ ^ m, n. The state, 
condition, circumstances, case. 
Syn. TO-sz, yo-ixai. 
Ari-SHO, r V^3, ^ ^, w. The place in 
which any thing is. Kataki no — ga shi- 
reta, enemy's whereabouts is known. 
Ari-s6, r i; •^^^, ;g' jg, Appears to be or 
to have, looks as if there is. Ano Kto 
Icanc ga — , he appears to have money. 
— na mon rfa, I think it must be so. Bi- 
yd hi no — na onna, a sickly looking 

Aritai,-ki,-..shi, r i; ^ ^ , W JS. 
a. Wish to be. So aritai mono da^ I wish 
it were so. Kotaru mono wa oya m hoko 
aritaki mono, I wish that all children were 
obedient to their parents. 

Aritei, r V r >f , S 11:, «. The truth or 
real facts of the case, the circumstances 
just as they are. — ni in, to tell the whole 

ARiTSzKB,-rw,-^a, ri^y^;^, ^ #» 
t V, To settle a person in a place of ser- 
vice or business ; to settle a daughter in 
marriage. Td-yaku muszme wo aritszketa, 
have at length married off my daughter. 

AmTSzKi.-kUy'-iUa, r ^) ^y ^ , ^ f^, 
t*. V. To be settled in a place of sei'vice, 
to find a situation, to be married, (of a 
daughter.) Ifokd ni aritszita, settled in a 
place (as a servant.) 

Ari-y6, r V ^ ^ , ^ ^, w. The true state 
of the case, all the circumstances, the 
facts. — wo iti^ to tell, &c. 

ArizaSHI, ryfV, n. Dove-tailed, (in 

Aro, Tt^, (cont.of^rai[:w,) adv. Coarse, 
rough, see Arai. 

Aro, Tf ♦, coll. fut. or dub. of ^n, same 
as Aran. Will be, I think it will, I think 
it is or there is. Ame ga furu de aro, I 
think it will rain. So de aro, I think it 
is so. Kono sake wa nai ga ddsh'ta de 
ard, I wonder how it is this sake is all 
gone. IPio ga nonda de aro, I expect 
somebody hds drunk it. 

Aru, 7;!^, ^y adj. and fin. form of Ari. 
To be, to have ; a certain, some. Aru Kto, 
there was a man, or some men. Aru-toki, 
some times. Aru tokoro ni, in a certain 
place. Aru ni mo ararenu omoi tea szru, 
could not feci that it was so. Moski am 

nara mise-nasare, if you have it let us 
see it. 
Aru-HBI-to, r/i-^/f^^, 7^ 2p H, 

n. A kind of confectionary. 
Aruiwa, r;^>f/N, ^, adv. Or, either, 
some, others; and; Aruiwa uma ni nori 
— kago ni notte yvka, some rode on horses, 
others went in chairs. 
Aruji, r/i-i^, ii A, (shujin,) n. I.ord, 
master, landlord, owner. Chiu-ji wo — 
to szru, to make fidelity the principal thmg. 
Syn. NUSHi. 

A^\jKi,-hu,-ita, r;^^, i^fr^t-r- To 
walk. Amite kuru, to come on foot. Kago 
de — , to go by chair. Syn. ayumu- 

ASA, r-»^, ic, n. Hemp. 

Asa, t-^, ^, n. Morning, before 10 
o'clock a.m. Asa hayaku, early in the 
morning. — no uchi, duiing the morning. 
Asa osoku, late in the morning. 

Asa, r•^^, S? Shallow, (used only in com- 

^'^ » SI 81 ?li> «• Shallow, not deep, 

ASA-BORAKE, T-^^'f^, U gH, n. Day- 
break, dawn. Syn. akatszki, yoake. 

ASADB, T-^r, f^ ^,n. A slight or su- 
perficial w^ound. 

ASAGAO, r-^ifts, $ ^ ?g, w. The 
morning glory. 

ASA-GARA, r-^ff, iSt ^, n. The refuse 
bark of hemp. 

ASAGAREi, r^^7^l>>{, ^ f^, n. An early 
morning lunch. 

ASAGASZMI, 7-^if^\, H ^, n. Tlie 
morning haze. 

ASAGI, r-^^, ^ ^, n. A light gi-een 

ASAGIYOME, r^^S/, ^ ^, M. The 
morning wash. 

ASAHAKA-NA, r^^\i}-^, ^ ^, «• Shal- 
low minded, not clever or shi-ewd, silly, 

ASAHAN, r^^^^>', || |R, n. Breakfast. 


AsAl,orASAKl, r■^^^, g|, a. ShaUow, 
not deep. Midz ga — , the water is shal- 
low. Asai kawa, a shallow river. Ido 
ga — , the well is not deep. — tVo, a light 
shade of any color. Giiye no — k'to, a 
person of shallow understanding. — cha- 
wan, a shallow cup. 

^ Sj Not shallow, deep. — naka, deep 
intimacy or friendship. Asakaradz kata- 
jikenai, deeply obliged. 

Digitized by 





ASAKE, r^^, ]|| BfJ, (comp. oi Asa and 

dk,) w. Day-break, dawTi. 
ASAKU, r-»f^, ^, cwft*. Shallow, not deep, 

see ^*at. 

AsA-MADAKi, r^^-^^#, |g ^ 03, 

n. Before day-break. 

ASAMASmi,-KI, r^-7l/A , S lt» «• Shal- 
low-brained, silly, foolish, not wise, of 
little judgment. — hu^ adv. 

ASAMESHI, r-*f> ^, U IS, w. Breakfast. 

fAsANA-YUNA, r^^-^^^■f , H 5^, (^ajja- 
6an, J n. Morning and evening. 

ASANE, r^f^, ^ ^, n. Sleeping late in 
the morning, — ho, a late sleeper. 

ASA-KUKO, T^jt ;, Jft ^, n. Grass-cloth. 

ASA-0, r-if^, iiS^,7i. Raworunwrought 
hemp thread. 

Asa-OKI, r-»f;J-^, H ^, n. Rising from 
bed in the morning. 

Asabi, 7-^ 1; , ifj, n. The name of a bi- 
valve, Lima cardiformis ? 

AsARl,-rw,-i?^a, T^^;^, J£ J;?, (cont. of 
Asht and saguru,) t. v. To scratch and 
search for food, as a fowl. Te wo — , id. 

ASASA, r-^-»f, Ipg, n. The shallowness. 
Kawa no — nifunega toranu, boats can- 
not go up and down the river on account 
of its shallowness. 

ASASHl, T-^'y,^,a. Shallow, see Asau 

ASATTE, T'^^;^r, PJJ ^ B, (Mtyogo 
nichi,) adi\ Day-after-to-raorrow. 

ASB, r-fc, ff, n. Sweat, perspii-ation — 
wo kakii^ to sweat. — ga deruy he sweats. 

ASEBO, orAsBMO, r^'f', n. Prickly heat. 

AsERi,-™,-^ta, r^;i^, i.v. To be in a 
hurry, to be in hot haste, to be urgent, 
eager, vehement ; to t\^dst and turn, as in 
trying to escape. Kayese hayese to ase- 
redonio mtmi ni h'hi-iredz, he cried ur- 
gently, "come back, come back," but he 
would not hear. Ikura asette mo rna-^i- 
awanu, hurry as much as I may, I cant 
do it. Syn. isogu, seku. 

ASBTORI, r-k h V, f^ f^, w. An under- 
shirt worn to protect the other garments 
from sweat. 

ASHI, r>^, J£, n. The leg, foot. — no 
ytdn, the toes. — no ko, the instep or 
back of the foot. — no ura, sole of the 
foot. Jli no — , the rays of the sun 
shining through a cloud. Aine no — , 
the appearance of rain falling in the dis- 
tance. Fune no — , that part of a ship 
that is beneath the surface of the water. 
— ni makasete yuku, to go not knowing 
where. — 7u> ato, the jrint of the feet. 

AsHi, r>^, M, n. A rush or flag. 

Abhi, 7'yy ^, Evil. ro5A2-a«>^t, good and 

ASHI-ABURI, r^r 7'y , IS M, «• A foot- 

ASHIATO, riy7\ , &^^n. Foot prints. 

ASHIBA, 7'y^s, J£ jg, n. A scaffold. 

ASHIBAYA, r^^N^, J£ :^, W. Swifl-foot- 
cd, fleet. 

AsHi-BiYosHf, riyv^^y, J£ ^ •?, 

7?. Beating time or drumming with the 
feet. — wo torn, to beat time, &c. 

ASHIDA, r-y^, &^^, «• Wooden clog?. 

ASHI-DAMARI, ry^'-^^J, & IS, n, A 
foot hold, point d*appui, a base for milita- 
ry operations. 

ASHI-DOME, r-y K>?' , & ±, n. A stop in 
going or coming, a halt. — wo szru, to stop. 

ASHlDORl, ry K 1; , Jf ^, n. The gait or 
manner of walkmg. — ga warui, his gait 
is bad. 

ASHI-DZRI, r>^Xi;, J£ }§, n. Dancing 
and knoclving the feet together in anger. 
— wo sUte naika, to dance and cry (as 
a child.) Syn. jidanda. 

ASHI-GAKARl, ryifij y , JE^, w. A foot 
hold, a place to step on. 

ASHIGANE, yyjf^-, $;^, n. Fetters, shack- 
les. Syn. HADASUi. • 

ASHIGARU, ryifj^, J£|l, ^. Foot sol- 
diers. Syn. zouiYO. 

ASHIGASE, rVifM, ^t^, n. Stocks for con- 
fining the feet of criminals. 

tAsHii, or AsHiKi, yy^, ^, a. Bad, 
wicked, evil. Syn. warli. 

ASHIJIRO, yyi^v, 3:,i^, n. A scaflbld. 

ASHIKA, yyij, if$ l^i n. A seal. 

ASHIKU, yy^, ^, adv. Bad, evil, see 
AshiL — u^, to speak evil of. 

AsHi-KUBi, yy^ tr, £"§*, w. The ankle 

AsHi-MAToi, yy-^y t, J£S|3, n. A clog, 

impediment, hindrance. 
ASHIMOTO, r^^>, J£ T) '*• Near the 
feet. * — HI aru, it is near your feet. 

AsHi-MOTszRE, yy^^yi^, &M^ n. A 

clog, impediment or hindrance in going. 


AsHl-NAKA, yy-^ij, J£ ij2, 71. Sandals 
which cover only about half the sole. 

ASHI-NAMI, r 2/-h ^ , w. The line, or order 
of the feet, as in troops marching. — wo 
soroyete aniku, to walk keeping step with 
each other. 

ASHI-NAYB, yyy^^ ^, n. Crippled in 
the legs, or feet. 

Digitized by 





ASHl-OTO, r'y^ ^ , J£ #, «• The sound 
made by the feet in walking; sound of 

AsHiRAi,-aw,-a<^a, r2^^7, "^ fH, t v. 
To treat, to behave, or act towards ; to 
amuse, to entertain ; to set off, decorate. 
Ta-nin wo hiyodai no yoni — , to treat a 
stranger like a brother. Deshi ni hen- 
jtUsz no hei'Jco wo ashiralie yam, to fence 
with a pupil in order to instruct him. Ki- 
yaku wo — , to entertain a guest. Kodxymo 
wo — , to amuse a child. Sakana ni ao- 
mono wo — , to decorate a fish with green 
leaves. Matsz no ne ni sasa wo ashiratte 
wiyeruj to plant small bamboo near a pine 
tiee in order to set it off. 


ASHlRAl, r>^^ t, iS, «. Treatm«it, en- 
tertainment; decoration. 

ASHlSA, r>^^^, ^, n. The badness, see 

ASHlSAMA-KI, ry-^-^^, ]g m, adv. In 
a bad manner. — iu, to speak evil of. 

Ash'tA, ry^, Bfl H, (miydnichij adv. 
To-morrow, also jg, this morning. 
Syn. A8Z, ASA. 

AsHi-TSzGl,gr5^i;^, ^, w. A stepping 
stool for rejiching to a height. 

ASHI-YOWA, r^^3 7, J£ II, n. Weak in 
the legs, slow of foot, as a woman, child, 
or old person. — dzre michi ga hakado- 

ASHI-ZOROYE, ry^v^, JE Iw, n. The 
feet in line. — de aruku, to walk with 
the feet in line, or to keep time in walking. 

AsoBASE^-rw.-^cf,. r y >»\ -fe ;w, ^ ^, 
caust. of AsoU. To amuse, divert; to 
cause, or let bo without work, or idle. 
Ho-ko-nin wo asohasete oku, to let a ser- 
vant spend his time in idleness. 

AsGBASHi,-52^-sA'^a, T V >'N^ , ^, t.v. To 
amuse, divert ; to let, or cause to be with- 
out work; to do, make, =nasaruy in this 
sense used only in speaking to honorable 
persons* Shu-jin shuyen wo asobasz, the 
prince makes a wine- banquet. JCo asoba- 
se, do it thus. 

AsoBi,-iw-7i(ia, TV/, ^*, i. v. To 
sport, frolic; to divert, or amuse one's 
self ; to be without work, to idle, to spend 
time idly. Tama ni — , to go for pleas- 
ure into the mountains. Asonde kurasz, 
to live in idleness, or pleasure. 

AsoBl, r y t' , ^, n. Amusement, diver- 
sion, pleasure, sport, frolic, play, or room 
for motion. — ni yuku, to go any place 
for pleasure. — no szki na h*to, a person 
fond of pleasure. 

ASSARI-TO, r 5'^^ V > , J¥ ^, adv. Deli- 
cate in taste or color, neat. — shUa tabe- 
mono, food of delicate taste. 


Asz, r^, S H> Cyokujitsz,) adv. To- 
morrow. — no asaj to-morrow morning. 
Syn. ash'ta. 

AszKO, r-^ 3, ^ If, adv. Yonder, there. 
Syn. ACH'.RA. 

Atafuta-TO, r ^ 7 ^ f , adv. In an agi- 
tated flurried manner, hurriedly. — ka- 
ke-dasz, ran out in a great flurry. 


Atai, r^'i, (it, «. Price, value, worth. 

— wa ikura, what is the price? — nashi, 
price-less, (either invaluable, or worthr 
less.) Syn. neb an. 

Atama, r^^, II, n. The head, the topy 
the highest part. — ga itaiy the head 
pains. Tama no — , Uie top of a moun- 
tain. Ki no — , the top of a tree. — wo 
haruy to strike the head, to squeeze a 
certain percentage from the wages, (as 
a coolie master, &c.) 

AtAMAGACHI, r^^ff'^r M :ky l»^gO 

headed, larger at the top than at the bot- 
tom. Shiski wa — na kedamono, the 
wild hog is a large-headed animal. 
AtaRA, r^f , rT tSft (oshimu beki,J a. 
Any thing which one regrets to Irse, to 
be regretted, too precious to lose. — koto 
wo sh'ta, have done what I deeply regret. 

— hana wo kaze ga fuku, the wind has 
blown away a flower, the loss of which I 
greatly regret 

Atarashii,-ki, Tft^y^y ^, a. New, 
fresh, not stale — kimono, new clothes. 

— midz, fresh water. — sakana, fresh 
fish. Syn. shinri. 

Atarashikd, or Atarashiu, r^f^^f 
3gf , adv. New, newly ; fresh not stale. 

— ?iai, not new. — dekita iye, a house 
newly built. — fiaruy to become new. 


AtaRASHISA, r^f 5^^^, n. The newness. 

Atari, r ^ V > ^, ^* Vicinity, neighbor- 
hood, near in place, or in time, about. 
Nondo 710 — nij near the neck. Kono 

— ni iera wa nai ka, is there a temple in 
this vicinity ? — wo harau, to clear 
away those near, (as with a sword.) Kiyo- 
nen afari, about last year. 

Syn. kinj5, hen, hotori. 
ATARi,-rw,-<^a, r^/^, ^, orp|», t, r. 
To hit, strike against ; to touch ; to reach, 
attain to ; to turn out, or come to pass ; 
to succeed, as by chance ; to happen, hit 

Digitized by 





upon, fall upon by chance. Ya ga mato 
ni atatta, the arrow has hit the mark. 
Fune ga iwa ni — , the ship struck on a 
rock. Tizkaye ni cUaru na^ dont touch 
the desk. Watahushi no atama wa ano 
h'to no hata ni ataru, my head reaches to 
his shoulder. Nippon no ^wan-jiUz wa 
Igirisz no ni^waUz jU-go nichi ni — , 
the Japanese new-yearVday falls upon the 
15th day of the English 2nd month. To- 
ropa wa Ajia no niski ni ataru, Europe 
li^ on the west of Asia. Walakmhi ni 
wa itoko ni ataru^ he turns out to be my 
nephew. Uranai ga ataita, the predic- 
tion of the fortuneteller has fallen true. 
Sono tohi ni atatte ran ga ohoru^ it hap- 
pened at that time that a disturbance 
arose. H*to no hi ni — , to offend a 
person. Atszsa ni — , to be sun-struck, 
or ovef come by the heat. Tahemmo ga 
atatta, made sick by something he has 
eaten. Shibai ga aiaita. the theatre 
has turned out a success. Yama ga alaU 
ioy the speculation has succeeded. Si no 
atom tokoro ni okuj lay it in a sunny place. 
Ano Kto ni* huji ga atatta^ the lot has 
fallen upon him. 
Atari-hadzrb, r ^ V '^ y i^, § $K ^• 

Hit and miss, success and failure. 
Atammayb, r^V^^, ^^, n. As it 
should be, right, proper, according to the 
law of nature, natural, of course; usual, 
common, ordinary. Karita hane wo ha- 
ye$z no wa — da, it is right to return 
borrowed money. Midz no shimo ye na- 
gareru wa — rfa, it is natural for water 
to flow downwards. — no himono^ clothes 
such as are usually worn. Syn. tozex. 

Atatakai,-ki,-shi, r^^ijA, Bt» «• 

Warm. Horn ga — , the spring is warm. 

— kimono, warm clothing. 
Atatakaku, or Atatako, r^^ii^^ 

ffil, adv. Warm, warmly. — nam, to be- 
come warm. 
Atataka-NA, r^^ij^,^, a. Warm. 

— tenki, warm weather. 
Atataka-NI, r^^ij^-,^, adv. idem. 

— nam, to become warm. 
Atatakasa, 7 ^ ^ ij-^, Bt, n. The 

warmth, warmness. 
ATATAMARI,-7-t^,-^^a, 7 ^ ^ -^ jV, i. v. 

To be warm, or become warm. 
ATATAMB,-rw,-^a, r^^^iv, ^, uv. 

To make warm. Hi wo taite heya wo — , 

to make a fire and warm the room. 
Atatte, 7^-/r,^, ger.oi Atari. 
tATAWADZ, r^^^N^, % ||g. Not able, 

cannot, impossible. Syn. pkkixc. 

||ATAYB,-rw,-^a, r^^;p, H, t.v. To 
give. Kojiki ni zeni wo — , to give cash 
to a beggar. IPto ni haji wo — , to mak<j 
a person ashamed. 


||Atate, r^^, H, w. A gift. Ten no— , 
the gift of heaven. Syn. sadzke. 

ATB,-TO,-^a, 7 r /^ 'ir, i. v. To hit, 
strike, touch; to apply one thing to an- 
other, to put ; to direct towards as an 
object ; to apportion. Ya wo mato ni — , 
to hit the mark with an arrow. Ya wo 
mato ni atete 7ierau, to aim an arrow at a 
mark. Kao ni te wo — , to touch the 
hand to the face. Hi ni — , to put any- 
thing in the sun. Kono ndka ni am mone 
wo atete mi-nasai, guess what is inside of 
this. Mono-sashi wo — , to measure with 
a foot measure, or yard-stick. Mi ni 
atete omoi-yam, to feel for another re- 
membering our own troubles. Hinoshi 
wo — , to iron, as clothes. Yakume wo — :, 
to allot each one his duty. Htotsz dztsz 
atete-yaru, give them one apiece. 

AtB, 7r, '^^ n. A block, or anything 
placed for a thing in motion to strike 
against; a pad for protection against a 
blow or friction; a mark, target; object, 
aim ; a clew; anything to look to, rely or 
depend on. — ni szru, to use as a block, 
or object, to depend on Tori wo ate ni 
teppo wo vUz, to fire a gun at a bird. — 
nashi ni yuku, to go without an object, a 
clew, or without any one to depend on. 
— ga hadzreru, that on which reliance 
was placed has failed. Ano Kto no ya- 
kusoha wa ate ni naranu, his promise 
is not to be depended on. — ga nai, 
have no person to look to, or depend on. 
Bora ichi mai ate ni yarn, to give one 
dollar to each person. 

Atedo, 7rY, '^ Wu w. Object, aim, 
clew. — nashi' ni yaku, to go without 
any particular object. 

ATEQAi,-au,~^atta, 7rif7, '^^,L'c. 
To apply or fit one thing to another, te 
apportion, to assign, allot, appoint, Htori 
maye ni-ju dztsz tco — , to apportion twenty 
to each man. O^^' ka chtsai ka ategatte 
miru to see whether it is too large or too 
small, (by applying one on the other.) 

ATEHAMB,-rt^,-^a, 7 r ^-^^^ ;^, tv. To 
appropriate, design, set apart for; as- 
sign, or devote to a particular use. Kono 
kane wa shakkin ni atehaniete am, this 
money is designed for the payment of adeb.t. 

Ate-ji, 7 f l^, *^ ^, n. A character 
used merely for its sound, without regard 
to its meaning. 

Digitized by 





Ate-KOSzRI, rr=^^^),n. A hit, rebuke 
or censure administered indirectly, or by 
implication. — tvo in, 

ATE-OKONAi,-az/,-a^^a, Tr^=»-h7, '^ 
ff, t.v. To apportion, allot, grant. Kerai \ 
ni chi-giyo wo — , to grant a portion of ' 
land to a servant. | 

ATE-TSZKE,-r'M,-fa, r f ^9 ^ i^^ ^ f^, I 
tJC, To allude, hint at, or refer to some 
one not directly mentioned. ITio ni ate- 
Uzkete mono no iu, to say anything in- 
tending it as a hit against another. 

tAxKYAKANA, 7r^75;-^, a. Refined, gen- 
teel, not vulgar. 
Syn. biiyabiyaKa, joihn. 

Ato, T h , ]^, or :^, n. The mark, or im- 
pression left by anything, a track, trace, 
point, trail, scar, cicatrice. That which 
remains, as, ruins, remains, vestige, relic. 
That which comes after, succeeds or fol- 
lows. With, noy niy de, ye or kara, it 
means, behind, after, afterwards, last, be- 
fore, ngo, backwards. — wo tszgii^ to 
succeed another in estate, business, &/C. 
Kodomo wa haha no — wo shUau. a child 
longs to go after its mother. Sdke-nomi 
ga — wo kikuy a drunkard stays long at 
his cups. JlSsho wa — wo hiku i/amai, 
consumption is a disease which infects 
one's children. Yehaihoshi ga — wo Jukuj 
a meteor leaves a train behind it. wo 

taterii, to raise up the ruins of a family. 
— wo tszkeru. to make a mark. — wo saga- 
sz, to search for the trail or track. — gc 
yorii. to move back. HHo no — ni taUz, 
to stand behind another. — no Uzki, last 
month. — ni hanash^ta koto, that which 
was said before. Gozen no — de cha wo 
nomu, to drink tea after dinner. — kara 
yitku, to go after, or afterwards. San 7wn 
ato. three years ago. 

Aro-GETsz/ rhy:^', ^ ^, w. Last 

Ato-HAHA, ry-^sy.^^.n. After-pains, 

(met.) aftcrclap. 
Ato-KATA, ryi}^, ^ J^, n. Mark, 

trace. Tori wa tond^ — mo nashij when 

a bird has flown it leaves no trace. 
Ato-ME, r f ^ , fiji @ , w. a successor. — 

fro tszgu, to succeed to the place, or estate 

which another has left. 
Atokigiyakashi, 7\':=-^vij'y, ffij; 1151, 

n. A feast, or entertainment made after a 
jK'rson has gone on a journey, by the 
friends left behind. 
Ato-SAKI, rV-^^y^-^, n. That which 
is before, and behind ; tiie past, and the 
future. Antecedent, and consequence. — 

wo kangayerUy to examine a subject on all 

Ato-SHIZARI, T y -yft' V , i|I ig, n. Mov- 
ing backwards, shrinking back, as in fear. 

Ato-TORI, T f I- y , ftj: ;^, w. An heir, 

Ato-TSzgI, r\ ':^^,^^,n. Kn heir, or 

f Atsz ,or AtSzRU, r v^/^, '§*, same as 
Ateni, Skaku ni atszheki mono^ a thing that 
would do for food. 

Atsz, r ^;^, :^, hot, and J^, thick, (used 
only in compounds.) 

Atsz-GAMI, r^9ifl,%^,n. a. kind of 
thick, coarse paper., 

Atsz-GAN, 7 '^ify, ^ ^13, «. Hot sake. 

Atsz-GI, r y ^, j^ ^r»- Thick, and warm 
clothing, putting on many garments one 
over the other. 

Atszi,-ki,-siii, r^M, |^, a. Hot. — ^i 
a hot day. Yu ga — , the water is hot. 

ATSZ1,-Kr,-SHI, r ^^ , J?, a. Thick from 
side to side; fig. great, liberal. Kawa ga 
— , the skin, bark, or rind^is thick. Atszi 
hdhi, a liberal reward. 

Atszita, r':^A^,y^^yn. A thick kind 
of silkgoods. 

ATSzKAi,-a?^, -a/^a, r':^-h7,^,t.i\ To 
manage^ negotiate, or transact a matter 
between two parties. Ken k*wa wo atszka- 
tte naka wo naosz, to mediate in a quarrel 
and restore friendship. Syn. hakarau. 

AtSzkai, y^ijyLy ^ S&j w. Mediation, 
intervention, negotiation. — wo szn(. 

AtszkAI-KIN, TV'^bn;/, 4BI A» «• A 
mediatior. negotiator. Syu. aisatszmn. 

AtSZKAWA-DZRA, mi>\^iy, J[^ Jfjj pf , 
n. Thick-skinned face, brazen-faced, im- 

Atszku, 7^^, 1^, adc. Hot, — 52rn^ to 
make hot. — nam. to become hot. — 
nai^ not hot. — te koinaru, it is so hot 
I don't know what to do. 

Atszku, r :/^, Jf., adv. Thick from side 
to side. — aewa wo szru, to render great 
services. Pan wo — kiru. to cut bread in 
thick slices. — naikami. thin paper. 

Atszmari,-77(,-^^«, ri-^i^^ ||, ?*.r. To 
be assembled, congregated, collected to- 
gether. Shihai wo mi nih'to ga — , people 
are assembled to see the theatre 


AxszMARi, r p'^ V , ^, w. An assembly, 
congregation, collection. 

ATSzME,-rM,-iia, 7';^/;^, ^, t.v. To as- 
semble, congregate, to collect, convene, 
(0 gather. /Fu'dan ni h'to wo — , to as- 

Digitized by 





semble people to the preaching. Hana 
too — , to gather flowers. 


ATSZRAYB,-r«,-^a, riy'^f^'i |^, <• r. 
To order anything to be made, or pur- 
chased. Ti^uye wo dctthu m — , to order 
a desk of the carpenter. attzraye no 
ikina ga Yedo Jcara dekiU himasKta, the 
article you ordered has come from Yedo. 
Syn. chU-mon szru. 
AtSZRAYE, 7 5^7^, 1^, w. An order for 
the making, or buying of anything. Soka 
no Kto no — da Jcara uraremasm^ as it was 
ordered by another person I cannot sell 
it. — tao ukeru, to receive an order. 
Syn. CHU-MON. 
AtszSA, 7 5^-*^, ^, n. The heat. Konnichi 
no — tea ihi do^ how hot is it to-day ? — 
ni makerUy to be overcome by the heat. 
Atszsa, 7 ^J'-tf, J^, w. Thickness. Kono ita 
no — tea go bu, this board is half an inch 
Atszu, 7 y ♦ , same as Atszku. 
Atta, 7 5^^, pret. of-4t\ cm, atia, gH, and 

^, also pret. of Art. ^. 
Attara, T j^^ yy coll. same as Aiara. 
Attara, 7 5^ ^ 7 , coll. cont. of Atie araha, 
if there is, if you have. Yu ga — moUe- 
koi, if there is any hot water bring it. 
Atte, r^fy ger. of Ai, ^j or >^, and 
Ari ^. Atte mo nakute mo kamohmasen, 
whether I have or not, it makes no dif- 
AttO, 7 ^J' f 5 exclam. of sudden surprise, 

or in answering a call. — sakebu. 
Awa, 7>»n, JK> w- Millet. 
Awa, 77, \% «. Froth, foam, bubbles. 
— ijcoftiu, to froth at the mouth. — ga 
tatsz, it bubbles, it foams. 
AwABl, 7^\^j fi^, w. The Haliotis tuber- 

culata, or " sea-ear." 
AwADZ, or AwANU, 7^\^y ^s j^, neg. 
of Ai^ au, not to meet. — ni kagem^ to 
return without meeting. 
AWA-GARA, r^^ifv, ^ ^, n. The shells, 

or bran of millet. 
I'AwAl, 7'N^, IS, «. The space between 
two things, between. Yama no — no mi- 
cM, a road between the mountains. 
Syn. A IDA. 
AWA-MOCHI, 7''s^^, 15 @f, n. Bread 

made of rice and millet. 
AWAMORI, 77 ^ V , is ^, ;?. A kind of 

strong spirits made in Kiu-shQ. 
t A WARE, 7>'M^, exclam. of entreaty, of 
pity or admiration. — inochilakari ico tasz- 
he tamage, I pray you only spare my life. 

Aware, 7^m-^, !^, w. Pity, compassion, 
tenderness of heart. — teo mogosz^ to feel 
compassion. — ni omo, id. 
Syn. FU-Bi.v. 

AwARE,-r?t,-^rt, 7''M^;i', tifc j^, pass, or 
pot. of a*, au. atta. Can meet. LoslCtara 
awareru da-ro ka, how shall I get an op- ' 
portuuity of meeting liim ? 

AwAREMl,-77m-?Kfo, T ^'N i^ *, *|j|, t.t\ 
To pity, compassionate. Awarende islwhi 
tco atagenis compassionating gave food 
and clothing. 
Syn. FUBi>J XI OMO. itawashiku omo. 

AWAREMI, r^^^^l , '^t w- Pity, compas- 
sion, mercy. — nofvkai Kto^ a person of 
great compassion. Syn. fubin, jihi. 

AwARB-NA, 7>'M^-^, ^, ((» Exciting pity 
or compassion, pitiful, miserable. — koto. 

AWARESA, 7''^t/-♦^, 1^, n, A condition 
exciting pity, misery. 

AwASB,-rw,-^a, 7^\^t\^^ ^. /.r. To join 
together, to unite ; to mix together, to 
compound as medicino. To make do, 
make suit, or answer the purpose. Kami- 
sori tco — , to hone a razor. Kiiszri wo — , 
to compound medicines. Te wo awwtete 
haiszru, to join the hands and worship. 
Kokoro wo — . to agree together. Chikara 
wo — , to unite strength, or do altogether. 
Choshi wo — , to tune, to make to agree 
or harmonise as musical notes. Ano Kto 
ni awasete kitdasare, pray introduce me to 

AWASB, 7^N-fe, f& ^. w. A garment of 
double thickness or lined. 

AWASEDO, 7^N-t K, ^ {£, w. A hone, 

AwASE-GuszRi, 7^\t/^ i; , >^ |g W. A 
medicine compounded of several ingre- 

AWASBME, r^\^;^,^ @, n, A joint, 01- 
scam where two things are united. 

AWATADASHI,-Kr,-SIII, T^^^^'y^y 5$^ 
a. Agitated, excited, flurried in manner. 

AWATADASHIKU, adv. In a flurried, ex- 
cited manner. 

Av^ATE,-ric,-ta,r^\r;^, M My ^>. To 
bo excited, agitated, flurried, alarmed. 
Syn. oDOROKb', urotaykru. 
tAwAYA, 7^^^, exclam. of alariu, agita- 
tion, excitement, or surprise. — to miru 
uMni. — teki yo, 
AWAZARU, 7''N-»^';i^, /p >g-,.Beg. of .^/. 
tAYA, 7"V, exclam. of alarm, o)- excite- 
Aya, 7-v, ^*, w. Silk damask. 
AyAj 7-^, «. Oat's-cradlc, apu^emade 

Digitized by 





witk a string looped over the fingers, 
played by children. — wo torn. 
Aya, r^,3SC> w. A figure, or design of 
any kind wrought in cloth for ornament. 

— wo nasz, to ornament with figures, &c. 
SaKU no yo no yami wa, aya nashi, ume no 
hanay ha wo tadznete zo shiruhekari-Jceru^ 
in the darkness of a spring night when 
no object can be distinguished, the plum- 
blossom may be found by its fragrance. 

AYABUMi,-mw,-;ic?a, r-v7*-^, ^, t. v. 
To suspect danger, to be timid, to be 
fearful, suspicious. Syn. abunagaru. 

AYADORl,-rw,-^^a, 7^ K;^, J|, t v. To 
form the figures or designs on cloth while 
in the loom, which is done by working a 
frame from which strings go to be attach- 
ed to the warp ; thus it also means, to em- 
bellish, ornament, also, to work the strings 
of a puppet, or to play balls. Saia, gan- 
shoku, hun-sho, nin-giyo, toma nado wo •'— 

AYAKARl,-TW,-^^a, r^ijf^j ^\ t V, To 
resemble, to be like. Sarami onna ga 
usagi wo huyeba sono ko ga usagi niayakat- 
Umitsz-kuckininaru, if a pregnant woman 
eats hare her child will have three lips 
like a hare. Ane JCto ni ayakaritai, I 
wish to be like that man. 
Syn. MRU, Rui-szRU. 

AYAMACHi,-^5%,-^^a, r^-v)/, iS, or p, 
1 1?. To commit a mistake, error, blunder, 
or fault, to miss; to offend against, 
transgress, or violate unintentionally. 
^yamatte aratamuru ni hahakaru koto 
nakare, having committed a mistake don't 
be backward to rectify it. Okite wo — , 
to offend against the laws. Ayamatte Kio 
wo koro9z, to kill a person by mistake. 


Ayamachi, r^-^^, iS, w. a mistake, 
error, fault, a wrong. Waiakmhi no — 
da, it was my fault. — wo kuyuru, to be 
sorry for a mistake. — wo aratameru, to 
rectify a mistake, or reform one's faults. 
Syn, ocniDO, machigai, sos5. 

AYAMARi,-rw,-^^a, r^-T/u, jg, t,v. To 
miss, mistake, err ; to offend against To 
acknowledge a fault, or mistake, to apo- 
logize. Michi wo — , to miss the way. 
Burei wo — , to apologize for a rudeness. 
Ayamatadz mato wo irUy to hit the target 
without missing. 


Ayamari, r-v-T V , jg, w. (same as Ai/a- 
machu) A mistake, error, fault, a wrong, 
an apology, acknowledgement of an error. 

— ni kitay came to apologize. 

Ayame, r^/ , If Ji, w. The sweet flag, 
Calamus Aromaticus. Syn. shobu. 

IAyamb, r-v^, 5C @> »• The lines, or 
colors that define a figure, but generally 
used metaphorically, as, mono no — mo 
wakanu yami yoy a night so dark that 
things could not be distinguished one 
from another. 

AYAMB,-rM,-^a, r-V'>?';^ t. v. To kill 
with the sword to slay, to murder. H^to 

wo . Syn. KIRI-K0R08Z. 

Ayaniku, r^^^, ^ tt, adv. (comp. 
of Ayay exclam. and nikuj odious.) How 
unfortunate, unluckily. — rwz da, he is 
unfortunately out. 

AYAsm^-sZy-sh'ta, r-v^ i^5^-«?- To spill, 
only used of blood. Oki wo — , to spill 
the blood of another. 

AYASHi,-sjB,-s/i'ia, r-v^, tv. To play 
with or amuse a child. Ko wo — , id. 

AYA8Hll,-KI,-SHl,r-y^''i,'g, a. Strange, 
marvellous, wonderful, suspicious, dubi- 
ous, doubtful. Ayashtki mo ayashima- 
zareha ayashtki koto nashiy even if a thing 
is strange, if we are not surprised at it, 
it ceases to be strange. 


Ayashiku,-U, r^y^, 'g, adv. Id. — 
omOy to consider strange, to feel suspicious 
of. — nai, not strange. 

AYASHiMi,-?nw,-7ici?a, r^-y^^ ^j t.v. 
To think strange, to wonder at, to marvel 
at; to suspect. Jl^to wo — , to suspect a 
person. Ayashimu ni taradz, not a mat- 
ter to be surprised at, or to be suspicious 
of. Syn. UTAGAU, fushigi ni omo. 

Ayashimi, r^-y^y^y n. Wonder, sur- 
prise, suspicion, doubt. — wo idakuy to 
entertain suspicion. — fukumUy id. 


Ayashisa, r•v^'^^, "g, w. The strange- 
ness, wonderfulness. 

Ayatsz, 7^':^j n. That scoundrel, that 
low fellow. Syn. aitsz. 

AYATSZRi,-rw,-^^a, r-v 5^;i^, H, t.v. The 
same as Ayadori, but used only for play- 
ing the strings of a puppet, or playing 
several balls at the same time, Ningxyo 
wo — . 

Ayaui,-KI,-SHI, r^*>f , ^, a Danger- 
ous, perilous, full of risk. — tokoro wo 
taszkatta, saved from great peril. — me 
ni atta, was in a dangerous predicament. 
Syn. ABUNAi. 

AYE,-rM,-^a, r^;^, %I, t.v. To drcRs 
as a salad. Na wo ayeru, to dress na with 
various articles and make a salad. Aye- 
mono, a salad. 

Digitized by 





tAYEDZ, r^^, ypSi:, adv. Without stop- 
ping, or waiting to perform the action of 
the verb with which it is connected, as. 
Ih mo ts^ ayedz, without waiting to 
take breath. JSancuM wo hki ayedz delta, 
went out without stopping to hear what 
was said. Toru mono mo tori ayedz, not 
stopping to take anything. 

8)11, MA MO KAKO. 

|jAYEGi,-yw,-irfa, r^/,PS, «>. To pant, 
to blow, as one out of breath. Ayeide 
haskim, to run panting. 

Ayen, r=r-yj 55l^>w- Zina Ayen-k'tca, 
flowers of zinc. 

tAYENAI,-KI,-SHI, r-^-^^, ^ 1^^ «• 
Pitiful, sad; in a little while, (?) — m^Oj 
sad end, (of life). 

fAYENAKU, r^-^^, adv, id. — iki ica 
iaye ni keru, in a moment the breath is cut 
oiF, (0 

fAYETB, r^r, Sfc, ado. To dare, Ten- 
ture, presume, used only in Chinese com- 
position. — aedz, dare not do — iru 
koto yunuadz, dare not allow you to enter. 

Ayu, r^, iiS, n. A kind of river fish. 

Ayu, r^, P^ 1^, (omoneri hetssrauj — 
jsTN, to flatter, adulate. 

Ayu, rr47, fit «, «• That way, or 
manner, that kind. Syn. anna, ana-yo. 

tAYUMi,-mtt,-»i(ia, T^^y-^, ».<?. To 
walk, to go on foot. Syn. aruku. 

fAYUMl, r^ 5 , $, n. Walking, going 
on foot. Seif'm no — wo hakohu tokoro, 
the places visited by the sage. 

AYUMiAl,-att,-a«o, 7^X77^ i^ ^^ 
%jo. To split the difference in price, both 
parties (buyer and seller) to move a little 
in fixing the price of anything. Nedan wo 
— , id. Syn. aibiai. 

Ayumi-ITA, r^XA^y-^^in, A board, 
or plank for walking on in order to enter 
a boat 

A.ZA, r^, ^, »• Maculae, dark or red 
spots on the akin. 

AzAKERi,-rw,-^a, r-»K^;^, PU, t. v. To 
laugh at, ridicule, deride, to scoff, jeer. 
jTto wo — , 
Syn. sosHiRU, ooro szru, baka ni szro. 

AzAKERi, r-f^V,PSlj »• Ridicule, deri- 
sion. H'^to no — wo ithrUf to be laughed 
at by others. 

AzAMI, r-f 5, iii, ». A thistle. 

AzAMUKi,-A;w,-i^a, r-f-^^, Sfe, ^.r. To 
deceive, impose on, to hoax, cheat, delude, 
to beguile, defraud. M^to wo azamuite 
kane wo toru^ to cheat a person and take 
his money. Syn. damasz, tabakaru. 

AzAMUKi, r-»f^^, ^, n. Deception, im- 
position, guile, fraud. 
AzANA, T^-Y^ ^, n. The common name 

^ by which a person is called. 
tAzANAYEj-ri^, r-»^>^;^5'M, t.v. To 

twist as a rope. Syn. nau. 
AzARASHi, r-f ^^^, :;JC 15, w. The otter. 
tAzARE,-rw,-^a, r^\^)^^ 1$, tv. To be 

spoiled, tainted, as fish or meat. 

Syn. KusARu, kuchiru. 
AzAWARAi,-aw,-«a, r-^7-^7, Pi ^, 

t.v. To laugh at in derision, scorn, or 

contempt. Syn. j^eserawarai. 
AzAYAKA-NA, r^^jjjf-^ ^, a. Clear, 

plain, distinct. 

Syn. akirakana, hakkiri. 
AzAYAKA-Nl, r^^^*-, ^,«^- Clearly, 

distinctly, plainly. 
AzE, r-tf, B^, n. The mound, or dyke that 

separates rice-fields. Syn. kubo. 
AzB, r-tf, 1^, n. The reed of a loom 

through which the warp is passed. 
AzB-iTO, r 4£/f f , 1^ IB^, ». The strings 

of the above. 


Ba, y>f, A conjunctive pariiele affixed to 

Ba, x\", ;^, n. A place, arena. Ba wo 
toru. to occupy a place, take up room 
Ba ga nai, there is no room. Yokiha, a 
good place. Kasiemha, a field of battle. 
Sono ha, that place, or that time. 

Ba, >»\", (impure wa,^ ^, n. A numeral 
used in coimting bundles, fowls, or birds. 
Maki mm ha^ three bundles of wood. To- 
ri $am ha^ three fowls. 

Baba, y<'^<y ^ j^, n. A place for prac- 
tising horsemanship, or training horses. 

Baba, y<'^^, H #, n. Grand-mother. 
Ohaba san, (old san^) a polite name in 
speaking to an old woman. 

BacH[, y<^j ^, n. A drumstick, the 
stick used in playing the guitar, or strik- 
ing a gong. 

Bacbi, xn- -f , 15, n. Punishment inflict- 
ed by heaven. Bachiga ataru^ to be smitten 
of God. Oya no hachi wo komterUy to be 
punished of God for disobedience to pa- 
rents. Syn. TOGAME, TATARI. 

Bachi-men, xN"f p« y, ^ Iff, n. The 
place on a banjo where it is played. 

Ba-Da1, ^-^^4, ^ fi;, n. Horse money; 
the price of a horse, made a present to 
high officials. 

Digitized by 



13 AI 




Ba-darai, ^<:/yA, ^ ^, w. A Lorsc 

Ba-FUN, ^n-7 y, Wi H, n. Horse dung. 
Ba-gei, ^<YA , ^ ^, n. Equestrian feats. 
Ba-GINU, ^>f^ j?, ^j ^, w. A horse blanket. 
Ba-gu, -'<'^, ,^ ^, w. Articles necessary 

in using a horse, harness. 
Bagu-ya, ^<^^, ^ AM, n. A harness 

maker. A saddler. 
Bahan, y<:/\ y, /\^ 1^, w. Smuggling. 

Bahan szni^ to smuggle. Bahannin, a 

smuggler. Baham-mono^ smuggled goods. 

l|BAHARE.-7-W,-^a, yNV\i>;Pj ^ ^, t. 

To be public before the world, open. 1 
harete szrUj to do publicly. Bahareta koto, 
a thing public and known. 


Bahifu, v>ili7 ^, ,^ II ja,n. Croup. 

Ba-I, y*/i 5 ,11 S? ^' -^ horse doctor. 

Bai, ^nM , PPo n. A kind of snail. 

fBAl, y^vf , ;tg, fw/we.^ n. The plum. 

Bai, y>i'/f , |§, Double, twice as much. 
Baini 8zru^ to double. Baininaru^ to be 
doubled. Ni-so-lai^ twice as much. ^S^Wi- 
80 haiy three times as much. 

||Bai-bai, y>i^iy<>f, ^ ^,w. Buying and 
selling, trade, traffic, commerce. Bai- 
lai szru, to buy and sell, to trade. Xbno 
shtna wa haibai ni gozainhosm^ this is not 
an article of trade. 


Bai-boku, yxM'^'^, ^ K ^'ortune tell- 
ing, soothsaying. Bai-bo/cu sznt^ to tell 
fortunes. Bai-hoJcu smset] a fortune teller. 
Syn. URANAi. 

Bai-doku, ^U K^, ^^,w. Syphilis. 

Bai-ken-j6, ^<4^yi^^^, W # ^, 
n. A written contract, article of agree- 
ment. A Deed. Bai-kenjo tco tori-yari 
szriiy to give and receive a deed of sale. 

Bai-ma€HI, y<>f.^5x, -(^ ;^^ Doubled in 
quantity. Baimashi ni szrUy to double the 
quantity, to increase in geometrical pro- 

Bai-nix, ysM ^ ^, g A, (i^ru mo,) n. A 
seller, merchant. 

Bai-SB^, ^.>f^,>'^ U 1^^ (akinai-huw,) 
n. Merchant ship. 

Baishaku, .sM ^^^, f^% j^, n. A go- 
between, middle-mail, a match maker. 
Syn. nakaudo. 

Bai-shin, .Mix:^, fgfE,«. A vassal 
of a feudatory, a rear-vassal. 
Syn. mata-mono. 

Bai-toku, .nM h ^; a ^. «. Profit 

from trading. Bai-toku szru, to make 
money by selling. Syn moke. 
Baitori-gachi, yxM h i; ;^f , ^MM^ 
n. Seizing pell mell; scrambling for 
anything, the best man foremost. Baito- 
ri-gachi ni szru, to scramble. 


Bai-u, yM t>j j^ ]^, (ftme no ame ) The 
June rains, when things are apt to mould. 

Bai-yaku, yxM^^, ^ SI, (uri-gwzri,) 
n. Medicines kept for sale. Baiyaku mise, 
an apothecary shop. Bai-yaku wo seiszrUy 
to compound drugs for sale. 

Baka, y<^y ^ ^, n. A fool, dunce, 
(a contemptous epithet.) A kind of clam. 
Baka wo m, to talk nonsense. Baka wo 
szru, to act as a fool. Baka ni tszkeru 
kmzri ga nai, there is no medicine for a 
fool. — niszru, to ridicule, make fun of. 


Baka-bakashii,-ki,-ku, ^^'ij^^ij -yA , 
»^ jffi Wi^ I^ike a fool ; stupidly, foolish. 
Baka-ha/cashiku nagai, very long 

Baka-NA, y^'-h-^, a. Foolish, stupid. 

BakarashiIj-kIj-ku, y<ij f i/^ , Foolish, 
like a dunce. 

Bakari, yN-^V, tf, adv. Only; about; 
just as when. HHori hakari, only one per- 
son. H'yaku nin hakari, about a hundred 
persons. Soko ni deta hakariy just as he 
went out. Shiro deta hakari nils teppo m 
ataru, he was shot just as he left the 
castle. Syn. iiono, nomi. 

BAKASARE^-rW,-^a, >'<•;!; -<Mx;U, pass of 

BAKASHi,-s2,-^a, y^ij ^ , Jg, t.v^ To cheat, 
delude, to bewitch. ITitsme onna no kata- 
chi ni hakete ICto wo hakasz, the fox assum- 
ing the appearance of a woman deludes 
Syn. MAYOWASZ, taburakasz, madowasz, 


BAKE,-rw,-^a, y^^^fU, flj, f. r. To bo 
transformed, changed into another form, 
(used generally of the fox, or cat ) Mko 
hdba ni hakeru^ the cat is changed into an 
old woman. 
Syn. IIENDZRU, kawaku. 

Bake, y>i^, ^^ n. Transformation, decep- 
tion ,fraud, imposition. Bake ga arawareta^ 
he shows the cloven foot ; the deception 
is made to appear. 

Bake-MON'O, A" » ^ / , ^ ^, «. An ap- 
parition, spectre. Bakemono ga deta. — 
ni ai niashHa, 

tBAKKA, .^^fj, ^ y^ n. A feudal chief 
or feudatory lord. 

Digitized by 





tBAKKiN, ^ y ^ ^, S! m, n. Punishment 

bj hard labor. 
fBAKKO'SZrUy ^f-/a, t& M,y To Strut, 

to swagger. 


Bakkun, ^^-J^y, U^, Pre-eminent, 
transcendent, surpassing others; exceeding 


tBAKU, x*^, |g, (musft), n. Wheat. 

Baku, x^c^, |^, n. A tapir. 

Bakuchi, ^'f^f , -fl |jg, Gambling, ^o- 

i»tfA» wo idszy to gamble. 
Bakuchi-uchi, y^^^^f , jf ^ ^, n. 

A gambler. 
Bakuchi-tado, ^^^y K, if gg ig, ». 

A gambling house. 
Bakuhan, ^^^^n;/, IP is, ». A kind of 

food made of rice and wheat. 
Bakuro, ^^^f^, if ^•, n. A horse. 

jockey. — sxru, to trade in horses. 

tBAKUSHI,-52rtt,-igA'^«, y<^^ ;l^, U, To 

bind. Ma wo — , to bind evil spirits. 

Bakushu, ^^^ i/=L^ Ijt g^ n. Spirits 
made of wheat, Whiskey. 

Bakutai. ^<^^A,^^, a great quan- 
tity. Bakutai na monotri^ great expendi- 
ture. Bakutai ni J adv. greatly. 
Syn. TAKo-SAN. 

Baku-yeki, .<^=l^, \%m, Gambling. 
— wo szruy to gamble. Syn. bakuchi, 

Bammin, ^n-:/ > :/, || |^, (-y<>r(Hfe no JCto) 
n. All people. 

Bammots, a-;-^ jj^,3| |j^, (yororf^ wo mono) 
n All things. 

Bampo, ^^>y<^^ H ^^ «. Every where, 
all quarters. 

Ban, y^y^ §|, n. A kind of snipe. 

Ban, ^^y, jl, «. A block, checker- table. 

Ban, xf>', ^, «. Evening, night. JTow- 
itf», this evening. Asa ban, morning and 

Ban, ^<y^ U, (yoroda.) Ten thousand. 

Ban, y^;/, ^^ n. A guard, watch. The 
ordinal suffix to numbers. Ban wo szru^ 
to keep watch. Ban 8h*te iru, keeping 
watch. Mon-han^ a gate-keeper. Ichi-han^ 
number one; the first. Ichi-han ms, the 
first one. Ni-ban^ the second. Iku-han, or 
Nam-han^ what number ? 

Ban-ban, y*:xv^^, jH^, Ten thousand 
times ten thousand, very many. Ban-ban 
meddaku zonjinkusuru, I wish you infinite 

Bancha, j^y^Y, III ^, w. An inferior 
kind of tea. 

Ban-dai, ys'y^y\ , # fi;, ». A substitute 
in official, police, or watch duty, Bandai 
wo tmomuy to find a substitute. 

Ban-dai, ^^y^y\, ^ f^, n. All genera- 
tions, all the dynasties, for ever. 

||Ban-datEj ^^y^r, # :4, n. In numer- 
ical order. Ban-date sKte okuj place in 
numerical order. 

tBAN-GAKU, ^^y:ff^, ^ i|t, n. Foreign 
literature and science, especially Euro- 

tBAN-GAKU, ^<yff^, % 1^, (osoku ma- 
nahu). Learning late in life. 

Ban-gashira, ^^yfi^^y^'^.n. A 


Bangawari, ^<yif,\ i|, $ f^J, n. Change 
of watch. Bangawari wo szru, to change 
the watch. 

IBan-gO, y^-^rf, ^ g, n. Foreign Ian- 
guage; (Dutch or western languages). 

jBan-I, y^y>t,^^,n. {yebisz). Barba- 
rian, applied to Western nations. 

Ban-jaku, ^^->i^^^, S ;&, n. A rock. 

Ban-ji, j^yi?^ H ^^ (yorodz no koto.) 
Every thing done, every kind of affair 

IBan-jo, y^yi^Y^^ # E, «. A carpen- 
ter. Syn. DAiKu. 

Ban-jo, .<yi^B^^ || ^, „. The ruler 
of ten thousand chariots, the Emperor. 

IBan-KEI, .s-^^.r, a% ^^ ^. Evening. 

Ban-koku, ^^yn^^ Hg^ {yorodznohmi) 
n. All countries. 

Ban-nin, yx*;^- ;/, i^ X(fnamoruh'io).n. 
A guard, watchman ; a policeman; keeper 

tBAN-RiYO, ^<y y 3 ^, tS H, n. A kind 
of lizzard. 

tBAN-SE, ^^y^^ H^^ n. (yorodzyo). All 

Ban-sho, xy^3, Hf:, n. Foreign books. 
Ban-SHO, ^<yiy3^ #J5rj «• A guard house, 
watch house, police station. 

^^if'J^l/" ""y ^^ # ft, ^. A young 
liuadhist priest. 

Ban-tan, ^<yfi y^ ^ j^, Every thing, 
every particular. 

Bantaro, ^^y^^^,%± SU, n. An in- 
ferior street watchman. 

Banto, yv-^ f ♦, # iS, ^ The chief clerk 
m a mercantile house. 

Ban-ya, .< :^ ^, # M, ». Tie watch- 
house otihQ giahinban. 

tBAPPAl, ^yj.<A^ ^ ^, «. The punish- 
ment inflicted on the losing party in a 
game by making him drink a large quan- 
tity of Bake. Bappai wo nomanru. 

Digitized by 





Baba, y<yj coll. ». A small iron cash. 

Baba, y^f ^, n, A rose bush. B(^a no 
hana, a rose. Bara no toge^ the thorn of a 

Baba, yN'f , A plural suffix; used by a 
superior in addressing others. WaktUimO' 
hara^ young cavaliers. JTyaksko-haraj the 

Baba-baba, y<y^<f,, adv. In a scattered 
manner; in a dispersed, separated way. 
Also, the sound of the falling of things 
scattered, as the pattering of rain, of hail, 
&c. — to nigeru^ to scatter andflee away 
— to kiibarUj to be scattered about in sep- 
arate clusters. Anie ga — io furu^ there 
is a slight sprinkle of rain. Kami too — 
ni sakuj to tear paper into bits. Oke — 
io kudzreru^ the tub has fallen to pieces, 
Tojt ga kirete hon ga — ni nartt^ when the 
thread is cut the leaves of a book fall to 

Baba-MAKIj, yN"7-^^, Sowing broadcast. 

Baba-mon, xn"7 ^ >, ^ P Pf , n. The 
disciples of Shaka Niurai. 

Babasen, y<^^y, ^fHWi, w- I^oose 
money not strung together. 

Babafj-to, y>:*^ i; y , adv. Same as Bora- 
hara, Bararito kirUy to cut in two. Bara- 
rito ohu, to place separately. Kami wo 
larari-to yaburUy to tear paper into pieces. 

fBAREKiJiN, ^<'\^^i^yy ^ gjpip; The 
god of horses. 

Baren, y<\yy, ^] ^, n. A long fringe 
attached to a banner. 

Babi, y^ \) ^, n. The urine. 

Ba-biki, y<'\) ^, J^ :^, n. Horse-power. 

BaSA-basa, y<-^y<'-^, adv. The sound, or 
appearance of any th ng very dry. (?) 

Bashaku, ^^>^-v^, ^ ^, n. An office 
where horses and coolies are hired, a 
livery stable. 

BaSHI, y>iS^, A particle of no meaning, 
some times answering to iro, or «A*^of the 
colloquial. Tudan hashi sNtamo na^ don't 
be negligent, Yudan shte Kto ni hashi uha- 
warn na, let no one seize it through care- 

Ba-sho, y^'5^3, i^ ^, ». A place. 

Basho, y<:ALf;, ]g; ^, n. The banana, or 

BASSABE,-?-w,-^a, -'<• y -»M^ ;w, pass, of 
Batsz^ to be punished by heaven. 

Basseki, /NV'-k:*, 5^ %, w. The lowest 

Basshi, A'^yi^y * ^, n. (szgs no ko.) 
The youngest child. 

BA88Hi,-«zn*,-«A'^a, >^N*^;tH^, fg, t. v. 
To punish. Syn. tszmi-szru, kbibats. 

Basson, y>i' i; y y, 5^ Jp„ n. The latest de- 

tBASSzl, /N^-^^/^ 1S|E, (nuki-atszmoru.) 
To make and collect extracts, (as from 
books.) To extract and collect together. 

Bata-BATA, rc^y^'^^adv. The sound of 
the flapping of the wings of a bird flying, 
of the' feet running, or the sound of flat 
things striking, or falling in rapid suc- 
cession. Bata-bata to hatataki too iznu 
Korori de hHo ga hata-hata to shinurUy people 
die of cholera in rapid succession. 

IBatBI, y^rAy % KS; (umanoMdzmey)n. 
A horse's hoof. 

tBATSz, x<'^, t&, The end of a book. 

Batsz, y^"^;, 13? ^- Punishment, (inflicted 
by heaven.) Ten no hatsUj punishment of 
heaven. Batsz too komuru, to be punished. 

Batsqin, -'<5'^>, S ft, «. A fine in 
money, damages, forfeit paid in money. 

Batsyo, ^^'^^7,5^ H, ». The last de- 
scendant of a family. 

Batsza, y^'j^if'y 5^^, n. The lowest 


Batta, >'^"y^, "g ^, ». a grasshopper. 

Battari-to, ^^»;^^ i; > , adv. The same as 
Baia^ata. To too hattari to shmorUy to 
slam the door. 

Batto, y<'';^Y, adv. Sudden opening out, 
or bursting into view. Hi toa haito moye- 
tatsz, the fire suddenly blazed up. JBmui 
tea hatto Mrakuy the flower suddenly burst 

IBaya, yN^-y, A verb suffix, expressmg de- 
sire, intention. Oshiye too t/tkete Kto to na- 
rahaga, by receiving instruction would 
become a man. Mida too tanonde JEotoke ni 
nardbaya^ worshiped Amida that he might 
become a god. Jt-gai sebaya to omoi, 
thought he would kill himself. 

BebE, k^,w. a child's clothes, (children's 
language.) Bebe too kisheru, to dress a 

Bei, ^ /J , same as Beki. 

Bei, ^4, jll^yn. (Kome.) Rice. 

Bei-koku, -</| 3^, ?R 38j «• I^ioe and 

Bekabadz, or Bekabazabu, ^ijfx^ 
/fk pf, neg. of Beki, Must not, should 
not. Mu-yo no mono iru bekarad^y no ad- 
mittance except on business. 

Beki,-ku,-sbi, "^ ^, rT? -^ auxilliarr 
verb, having the sense of would, ghould, 

Digitized by 





shall, will. BeM^ is used also as an im- 
perative. Itoiz-heki koto^ a thing that 
should be done. Watakwihi no kamau heh 
kcU dd wa nai, it is not a thing that I 
should interfere (or meddle) with. Mtru- 
heku um oite kudasare^ if p(.»ssible let it be 
as it is. Ono-ofw wngi-yori wo iu heshiy let 
each say what he thinks. 

BEKKA.KU, ^^i3^,%\\^, n. An excep- 
tion, not included in the rule, excluded, 
excepted* Bekkaku wo motte moshi-tskeru^ 
to order as an exception. Kodomo tea bek- 
kaku ni shte kamawa-nai, children being 
excepted it matters not. Orma to nagasode 
wa nanigoto mo bekkaku, women and those 
that wear long sleeves (doctors and 
priests) are at ail times excepted. 

Bbkkb, v< ^>«r, gj 3j5j (wakare no iye,) n. 
Separating from the family, and going to 
house keeping for one's self; as a younger 
son. A separate house Bekke wo szru. 
Bekke Maseru. Bekke yori hon-ke wo tszgu. 
Syn. BUNKic. 

tBSKKlu, •< 5^ * ♦, ^ Sj »• A separate 

tBSKKOKU, ^^:2^\ gij g, ». A diflferent 

Bekkon, ^ y 3 ;/, ^Ij ^, Especially dear, 
particularly intimate. Bekkon no aidagara, 
a particularly dear relationship. 

Bekko, ^^5^75^7, ^ ^5 n. Tortoise-shell. 

Bem-ben, ^y^y^ j^ ^, adv. Dilatory, 
procrastinating, tardy, slow. Bemben to 
nam wo sKte iru^ why have you been so 
slow ? Bemben to %Kte iaru iraremai^ it will 
not do to procrastinate. 


Bem-BETSZ, ^y^^^ ^ ^5, To discrimi- 
nate, to distinguish. — 8%ru, 

Bempatsz, ^y7<^^ ^ ^, «, The Chi- 
nese cue. 

IBempei, ^y^A^ ^ ^, Obstruction of 
either fecal or urinary discharge. JDai- 
bempet, constipation of bowels. Sho-beynpei, 
retention of urine. 

Ben, -<y, |ft, Fluent in talking, eloquent. 
Ben no yoi fito. Ben ga warui, Ben ni ma- 
hasKte sama-zama ni nszmeru, to persuade 
with all his eloquence. 

Bendszu, ^ y^j^^ see Benji, 

tBENDOKu, ^yy^, fi! #? »• A bubo. 

Beni, ^r., ^ ^, n. Rouge. The saffron 

plant. Beni no hana, the saffron flower. 

Beni wo tszkeru, to rouge. 
Beni-sashi-tubi, -<rnf>/^t% I^^ ^, 

n. The ring-finger. 

Beni-zara, ^=-^'yy^ JDIj The saucer in 
which rouge is kept. 

Beni-ZOME, ^jiy^, ll ^, Dyed in red. 

BenjIj-tw, or dzrUj-ta, ^yy<:;u, ^, 
t V, To discriminate, distinguish ; to ex- 
plain, to expound, to do, transact. Ze ka hi 
ka benji'kaneru, difficult to distinguish 
the right and the wrong. Yd wo beyijiru 
to transact business. 
Syn. WAKATSZ, toku, tsztomeru. 

Benkb-jima, ^y ^ i>^, ^ ^ Jg, 
n. Plaid, or checkered figures iu cloth. 

fBEK-KETSZ, ^;^>^y, ^ jJl, n. Bloody 

Benkiyo, -^^^^^j SS 5S? (Uztome.) In- 
dustrious, diligent. 

tBENNBl, ^y:fj\^^ ^^, (Retszraimono.) 
Flattery, adulation. Bennei naru Kto. 

Benri, ^ i^ V , -in ^, Convenient, commo- 
dious, adapted to use Benri ga yoi, con- 
venient, well adapted to use. Benri ga 
warui, or Fubenri, inconvenient. 
Syn. TSZQO. 

Bensha, -<yiy^, D| ^, n. An eloquent 
person, one fluent, and good at talking. 

Bento, ^y^^,^^,n. A small box 
for carrying boiled rice, also, the food 
contained in the box. 

BenzaiTEN, ^y^' a r y j ^ ^ ^, 
n. The name of a Buddhist idol, the god 
of wealth. 

Ben-zetsz, -c y^ ^, ^ ^-, ». Fluent and 
clever at talking, eloquent. 

Beppuku, -< v' -f^, glj ^, n. A different 
mother, but the same father, step-children. 

Berabo, -^ 7 ^c xy j a vulgar coll. word, ii, 
A fool, an idler. 

Besokaku, -s-y*^, The appearance of 
the face when about to cry. 

Besshi, ^ v'i^, ^Ij IS^ Q><^^ no kami.) n. 
Another paper, a different sheet of paper. 

Besshin, -< V'^:^, so >&, (bets no kokoro.) 
Another, or different mind ; alienation of 
heart. Besshin naku, of the same mind. 

Besshite, -^^J'S^f, fj\\ Mj (^dv. Especial- 
ly, particularly. Kaze ga am kara bessh'te 
hi no moto yojin shiro, as it is windy be 
especially careful of fire. 


Bbs<jHO, ^^:;'y3, glj ^, (Eokanotokaro.) 
Another, or different place. 

Besso, ^^:^^^j ^IJ ^, n. A pleasure 
house, a summer house. 

Beta-beta, -<^^^, adv. Sticky, gluey 
adhesive, glutinous, viscid. Noriga beta- 
beta tszkti the gum is sticky. 

BmATSzvii^-kUj-ita, ^^^;f^,t.v. To 

Digitized by 





be sticky, adhesive, glutinous, to stick to, 

Beto-BBto, ^ |« -< h , ado. Sticky, adhesive, 

Betsz, ^ :;, ^Ij, {hoka) Another, different, 
separate. — no Kto^ another person. 
Syn. YO, TA. 

Betsz-betsz-ni, ^ v'^ V'^i, ado. Separate- 
ly, apart. BeUz-heUz ni szru, to separate, 
put apart. 

Bbtsz-DAN, ^ ^y^'y, jj\] g, Another and 
different thing, something besides ; sepa- 
rate, distinct, esi)ecial, exceptional, partic- 
ular. Kare wa — ni ageru^ give this over 
and above. — nt, particularly. 


Bbtsz-GI, -s'^'^, glj H, Different, espe- 
cial, besides, unusual, extraordinary. — 
hore nahu aoro, have nothing especial, or 
unusual (to say.) — de toa nai, nothing 
new, or strange. — moshi-maji^ no objec- 
tion to make. 

Betszi, ^^Aj RII S£j Especial, strange, 
different from what is common. — sara 
ni nashij nothing strange, or unusual. 

BbtSZ-JI, -<5^-^5 gl] :$:, (hetsz no koto,) 
(same as above.) 

Betszjo, ^V'-tf ♦, f$ %^l, Different, un- 
usual, except! on al . Kono yamai inochi ni wa 
— nai^ this disease will not shorten life. 

BBTszjo,-6-2rw, -^ V^^ 3 J ^ All) To make 
light of, slight, show contempt for. 
Syn. Karondsru. 

Bbttaku, ^'9^^^ % ^y {Eoha no iye,) 
A separate house, — szru, to live in a 
house separate from the principal family. 

Bettar1-T0, •< p'^ V , adv. Sticking fast 
to, applied close against. — tszku^ to stick 
fast to. JDai ni — yori-haharu^ to lean 
against the table. 

Betto, ^9^^j glj 'g, n. A Buddhist 
priest who also observes the Shintoo wor- 

Betto, ^^^^ ^^ n. A hostler, groom. 
Syn. KucHr-TORi. 

Bl, t', H, Beautiful, elegant, fine, good, 
delicious, pleasant, excellent. — na mono. 
a beautiful thing. Bifu, jl ^> a beau- 
tiful woman. Bifuku^ ilfl^jfioe clothes. 
Bi yiyokuy ^ ^, a precious stone. Bi- 
jin, jl Aj a handsome person. Bi-jOy 
^ ^, a beautiful woman. Bikeiy 5^ jt, 
beautiful scenery. Bimeiy ^ ig, a good 
name. Bimiy ^ Q^, delicious taste. Bi- 
seiy ^ SE> a fine voice. Bishoku, '^ -£, 
beautiful color. Bishoku, ^ ^, delicious 
food. BhsOy a good physiognomy. 


fBl, k', ^, Small, little in size, degree, or 
quantity, mean, trifling. BpfUy ^ JSl, 
light wind. Bi-jdku. ^ ||, weak, delicate, 
feeble. Bi^n, ^ ^, slight degree of 
cold. Bi-rikiy ^ 'jj, little strength. Bi- 
shoy ^ ^, a smile. Bi-Uy WlWj ^ ^"^ 
rain. Btuny ^ 5^, unlucky. Bi/uku, 
^ j]K, mean clothes. 
Syn. cuiiSASHi, szkdnashi, szkoshi. 

Bl, t', jg, (MkL) Tail, the numeral used 
in counting fish. Sakana ichi bi, one fish. 

||BiBlRi,-rw,-^a, t' k'/w, |g, i, V. To con- 
tract, shrink, Syn. coijimaru. 

BlBlSHU,-KI,-KU,-«Hl, ir kM ^, il H; 
Beautiiful, handsome, fine, splendid. Bi- 
hishiku yosots shtUsz-Jin siru, splendidly 
caparisoned they marched out. 
Syn. UTszKUSHii^ uruwashi. 

BlCHl-BlCHi, l^fk'f,i8 68, adv. The 
springing or leaping motion of a live fish 
when thrown on the ground, — to ha- 
nerUy to spring and leap about, as a fish. 

— ikiteiru uchi niy whilst yet alive and 
• kicking. 

BUDORO, kM KP, 56" •?, n. Glass. 
BiJl, k'^, ^ ^, n Polypus of the nose. 
BlKKO, k'^3, JH^ ff ? »• Lame, a cripple. 

— wo hikuy to walk lame. Syn. chimba. 
BlKKURl, k' *;^ ^ y , adv. Startled, as by 

sudden alarm; surprised, shocked. Da- 
shi-nvke no ji-skin de — shimash'tay startled 
by the sudden shock of an earthquake. 
iW san nen mi-nai tichini — szru hodo ni 
nari day in the two or three years in which 
I have not seen you, you have changed 
surprisingly. Syn. odorokd, tamageru. 

BlKU, k* ^, Jt £c> «• A bonze, Buddhist 

BiKU-BiKU-szrw, k' ^ k' >^ ^ ;i', i.r. To 
start in alarm, or in sleep, to wince, to 
jerk as in a fit. Moshi ya otte ga kuru ka 
to — sznty to start as if the pursuer had 

BlKUNl, k'^^, J£ Jt ^, «. A nun. 

BiKU-TSZKi,-Z:t^,-t^a, k'^^'^, 1. r. To 
start, jerk or wince involuntarily. 

BlMEO, Y y^<^y ^ ^, Poor, destitute. 

— nay (a.) poor. — ni narUy to become 
poor. — «m, a poor man. — szrUy to 
be poor. Syn. madzshiki, iiinkiu. 

Bl-MEl, k'> 4 , ^ ^, (imada akedz). Be- 
fore day-break. 

Bl-MOKU, k'^^, ^ @, (mayuy me)y n. 
Eye-brows and eyes. — wo odorokas&y to 
startle or surprise a person. 

Digitized by 





Bur, t' y, fl, n. The temples, the hair on 
the temples. — wo haru, to slap a per- 
son OD the temple. — wo haki-agwru^ to 
smooth back the hair on the temples, — 
w> hoUzrey the loose hair hanging from 
the temples. 

Bin, \c y, jg, «. A phial, a small bottle. 

Bin, k' yy ^, «. Opportunity, convenient 
time or way. — too ukago. to seek for an 
opportunity. — wo kikUy idem. — ga yoi^ 
it is a good opportunity. Go-bin, a future 
opportunity. Ko-hm, a fortunate oppor- 
tunity. Syn. TSZIDB, TAYORI. 

BiNGACHo, l^ ^ y/ r ♦, ^ ftl ,i^, w. A 
fabulous being of the Buddhists, having a 
human form covered with feathers, sup- 
posed to live in heaven. 

BlNGl, \:y^j ^ 5lt> ^- Opportunity, con- 
venient way or time. — no chi de hatte 
kudasardf buy it wherever it is convenient. 
Yen^o yuye ni — ga mart^ because it is 
far opportunities are seldom, 


BlNROJI, If >' 7 ♦ i^, mm ^, w. The 

BlN-SASHl, V y^Uy ff ^, n. A hair-pm. 
BlN-TSZKE, t'^^'^^, S fftj »• Pomatum. 
BlNZASARA, tr ^•^^^f , J6 ^, ». A kind 

of musical instrument. 
BlBA, V^, ». A handbill, placard, or 

notice posted up. — wo harUy to post a 

BiRA-BlKA, t'f U'f, adv. With a waving 

fluttering motion, (same as Sira). Rata 

ga — vgokuj the flag waves. Szso wo — 

ftthi-agerUj to blow up the skirts of a dress. 
BlRAN,-«8rtt, t^:? ^'j J^ flS, To be red and 

sore, inflammed. Kidz ga — , the wound 

is inflammed. 


BlRARl-TO, f 7 i; f , same as Bira-hira, 

BiiiA-TSZKi,-iw,-i^a, fy^;^, t.v. To 
wave and flutter, as a flag in the wind. 

BiRl-BlRi, t' V t" y , adv. Like the sound 
of anything dry, tearing or cracking open, 
A smarting, griping or pricliing pain. 
Chapped, cracked, split. — to wareru. 
— to sakerii. — to itamu, Ammari - 
t-naaaru na, dont talk so incessantly. 

BlRlTSZKIj-iz^-iYa, f y 5'^,i.t;. To smart, 
. prick, gripe. 

BlRO, h'v^y ;1 jffi, (okoj. Indecent, in- 
delicate, something of which one is ashamed 
to speak, mostly used apologetically, — 
nagara go-ran hudoiore, excuse the indeli- 
cacy, but please look at this (something 
offensive or unsightly). — na furu-mai^ 

indecent behaviour. — wo wdbiru^ to 
apologize for something indecent. 


BiRODO, k'P^ K, 5c 3S fi8, «• Velvet. 

BlSAl, t'Hf>f, ^i^, adv. Minutely, par- 
ticularly. — ni shirusz, to write down 
mmutely. Syn. komayaKa-ni, kuwasbiku. 

||Bi-Sh6, h'-^^y^ ij>, Little, minute, tri- 
fling, few. Syn. chiisai, szKUNAf. 

Bit A, t'^, |g, n. An iron cash. — ichi^ 
mony one cash. 

BiTEiKOTSz, tr>f 3 y, ;! is #, n. The 

tBlTO, t' ^ ♦, ^ H, (Hana-saki.Jn. Tip 
of the nose. 

BiWA, t'/\ g g, n. A banjo with four 
strings. — wo hiku, to play on a banjo. 

BlWA, t'/N, ;fjt ;fa, n. A loquat. 

BlWABON, tVN^r;/, P Ip, n. A kind of 

BiWA-HOSHI, t'/N:}.^^', %%\i;U. n. 
A strolling player on the banjo. 

BiwA-ucHi, k'/\i>f , g il fr, n. A 
player on the banjo. 

BiYAKKO, ^^^a^ j^ U, (shiroi kitsz- 
ne^) n. A white fox. 

BiYAKU-DAN, Y^Jjr^'y^ j^ 3®, n. San- 

tBiYAKUGO, k'^>^75r'^, 1^^, ». A pro- 
tuberance on the forehead of Buddhist 
idols, supposed to be the organ of omnis- 

jBlYAKURI, b'^i^y, 6 ^> ^- White 
mucous stools. 

BlYAKURO, k'^^^7, 1^ jJK, w. White 

BiYAKURo, t'^^-7^, 6 ^j «• Pewter. 

BlYo, t'^^, ||c, n. A tack, a small nail 
with a large head. 

fBlYO, t'-Vt»^, ;^jW. Imperial cemetery. 

JBlYO-BlYO, t'^^t'-Y^, WW^^^' 1^1- 
distinct from distance, scarcely to be dis- 
tinguished, as anything on the distant 

BlYOBU, h^^r, ^, a, n. A folding 
screen. — two, a pair of screens. — han- 
zo, one screen. 

Biy5-chiu, t'^ t!^ f ^, ^ 4"? Whilst sick, 
during sickness. 

tBiYO-DAN, h'^^^y, ]^ J9, n. The 
altar where tablets are kept. 

Biy6-DO, t'-v^^'^, Zp ^, (tairaka-ni 
h!toshi.) Even and equal, just and equal. 
— ni kubarUj to distribute equally. 

BiYO-GAN, h'^^fyj ^ ^, n. Sore- 

Digitized by 





BlYO-GO, t'-Yt^^a', ^ ^, (Yami agari,-) 
n. After sickness, convalescence. 

BlYO IN, t'^t^^:^, ^ ^ w. A hospital, 

BlYO-JA, t'Y^-^-v, ^ ^, n, A sick 

Biy6-KA, t'-Y^^, ^ 5K, n A sick fam- 
ily, a house where there is sickness. 

tBlYO-KAKU, t* Y t> ^ ^ , ^ ^, w. A sick 
guest, a hospital patient. 

Biy5-ki, y^^^, ^ ^, (YamaiJ n. 
Sickness, disease. 

Biy6-kon, k' y ^ 3 ^j ^ ;K> C^^^^^ wo 
motOj) n. Origin of disease. 

Biy6-ku, V^^^^ ^ ^, w. Sufferings 
from disease. 

BlYO-NAN, t'^ ^-^ ^'j ^ ®, n. Calami- 
ty, or aflOiiction from di^sease. 

BiYO-NiN, \c^^=.y, ^ A; w. A sick 

Biy6-k6, t'Y^-f t>, ^ ^^ Faint and 
exhausted by disease. 

BiYO-SHI, t'Yt^j^, ^ ^, w. Died of 
sickness, a natural death. 

Biy5-shin, t'Y^>^;^, ^ J|^, n. Sickly, 
an invalid. 

Biy6-sh6, t'^^j^Y^, #1 ^, w. A sick- 

Biy6-8h6, t'^^>^^^, ^ ^, «. Symp. 
toms of disease. 

BlYO-TEI, t'Y^r-^,!!^ , w. Kind, or 
nature of disease. 

B6, tK^ ^, 71. A polo, a club, stick, blud- 
geon; a blow with a stick. Roh'shaku bo, 
a six-foot pole. — wo tszkau, to fence with 
a pole. Ichihd wo atayeru, to give one 
blow (with a rod). Saki-ho, the foremost 
man where two are carrying with the same 
pole. AtO'bo, the hindmost man. — wo 
hihu, to draw a line across, to erase. 

tBo, ^rt>, jg|, n. A fabulous bird of 
monstrous size. 

tB6, y<T>, ^, n. Full of the moon. Tszki 
wa ho ni mttszru, the moon is full. 

tBo, >^\"^, ^, n. A chamber. Syn. key a. 

B6, y^'^, JJJ, n. A small Buddhist temple, 
the small houses near a temple where the 
priests live. Issan no boshU, all the 
priests of the temple. 

B6, y>;'t»f J (coll.) A child under five years. 
— wa nichi-nichi chiye-dzite airashiku 
narimash*ta, the child daily growing in 
intelligence has become more loveable. 
Oho san wa okiku o nan-nasaimash^ta, 
how your child has grown. Syn. osanago. 

B6-AKU, yvi>r^, H ^, (takeshikl aku.) 
Fierce and wicked, atrociously wicked. 

B6-BANA, >'^"^x«-^, # j|., n. The end, or 
confines of a town, (shiku no hackre.) 

B6-B0, ^'<:^^<^y fB^^ ^^^' Growing and 
spreading over thick and close, as the 
hair, beard, or grass when neglected. Kti- 
sa — to oishigeri michi wakaradi, the 
grass growing up thick the road could 
not be distinguished. — to shHa sora^ 
cloudy and thick weather. 

B6-BUBA, ^:^T^, 1§ JC, w, A pumpkin. 

tBo-CHO, ^t^f^t*^, B^IS, Swollen. — 
szru, to be swollen. Syn. fckureku. 

Bod AT, ^' ^ >f , ^ Jl, n Devotion, or 
mortification of all carnal affections, in 
order to obtain salvation. (Bud.) — no 
michi ni tru, to enter on a religious life. 

— no nen yameru, to cease having re- 
ligious feelings. — wo tomurau, to say 
prayers for the dead. 

BoDAijr, ^^M i?^, * ^ i^, n. The 
name of a tree, from which rosaries are 
made. (Bud.) 

BoDAi-sHiN, ^:^y\'yy, ^ H yiJ, n. A* 
devotional mind, intent on seeking salva- 
tion by mortifying the carnal affections. 

— wo okosz, to excite to a devotional 
mind. (Bud.) 

BoDAI-SHO, ^r^/f ^3, # H ^, w. The 
temple, or cemetery where prayers and 
offerings are made for the dead. (Bud.) 

BoDO, ^r^t^, -^ ^, (haha,) w. Mother, 
(in speaking to another of his mother). 
Go — samay your mother. 

BODZ, -'^'^-5^, JJ ^, w. A bonze, buddhist 
priest ; one whose head is shaven. 

BOFURI-MUSEI, :tr^7i;>>^, ^ hP, ». 
The animalculflD found in stagnant water. 

tBoFU, y^^y-^, "^ &9 (arakaze). A viol- 
ent wind, a tempest. 


BoGAN, x^ ify, JJ 1^, n. The servant 
of a two-sworded Buddhist priest. 

B5GASH1RA, -^^^ if 1/^7^ # Bi, n. The 
head-man of chair coolies. 

tBoGETSZ, ^^'^Yl^y ^ ^, (mochidxki)j n. 
The full-moon. 

BoGi, ^'^, -Q: "HI, w. Mother, (same as 

fBo-GlYAKU, y<^^^^, ^ jjS, Violent, 
and rebellious against master or parent. 

Bo-GIYO, -'^'^ ^ 3 , |5 ^, To resist, or re- 
pel the attack of an enemy. — no yoi 
szru, to make preparations to resist an 
enemy. Syn. fusegu. 

Bo-GUl, 'f*'^ />f , If S$» ^' Posts erected 
to mark a boundary, a sign -post. — tvo 
utsZj to set up boundary posts. 

Digitized by 





Bo-GUMl, ^:^^ly # 11, w. Chair-bear- 
ere guild. 

BdHAN, ^^^\ y^ ISc fj» »»• ^ forged seal. 
— sssru, to forge a seal. 

tBoi, ^^^, MMi ^' Violent, cruel, fierce. 

Bo-JAKU-BU-JlN, y^^^^^fl^yy ^ ^ 
fjL ^, Without fear, shame, or respect 
for others. 

Boji, ^^ :?, »J^ ^, «. A cook, or kitchen 

B5-JiTS,yfi>£^y, il H,fi. The 15th day 
of the month, when the moon is full. 

BoKASBl -8z,-slita, -^ij^, t.v. To shade 
from a deep to a lighter color, to surround 
irith a halo, or shaded border. 

BOKB, 'K'^, tJC JR, n. The Pirus Japonica. 

BoKE,-rw,-<a, ^K^^/v, ^, i.v. To be sha- 
ded on the margin from a deep to a light 
color. (Met. To degenerate, to become 
childish from age). Toski ga yotte boketa, 
to be old and childish. Syn. borbku. 

BOKJB-BOKE-TO, ^'^^^f, ^ ^, cidv. 
Stupid, silly, childish. 

fBOKBl, -^'^^Ay^t^, »• An artifice, 
trick, fraud, plot, stratagem. 


BoKl-BOKl-TO, ^ d|^ ijf :3|r f , ach. The sound 
of cracking the fingers, or breaking a rad- 
ish. Ikibi wo — orUj to crack the fingers. 
Daxkon wo — oru^ to snap a radish in two. 

B6-K1YAKU, v'f*^^^, ,^ i^I, To forget. 


tB0KKlY0,-5zrw, ^^^3y \s ^yi.v. To 
erect, or own a house. 

tBoKO, ^3^, # 5V, ». Mother. 

tBOKO, ^^"♦^7♦, ^ BS, n. The bladder 

BOKON, >r\"^ 3 y, C zft, n. A ghost, spirit. 
Syn. TUREi. 

BoKU, ^'^, ^, n. A servant, also in 
speaking humbly of one'self, your ser- 
vant, I. Syn. KERAI, KODZKAI. 

BoKU, ^^, 7(C, (hi), Wood, wooden. — 

sekiy wood and stone. 
BoKU, ^^ §, (szmt)j Ink. 
BOKU-DO, 'K^ K^, ^ :ft, (makl no wara- 

mbej, A cowherd, herdsman. 
BOKU-RI, ^^ V , tJC ®, (geta), n. Wooden 

BOKU-SBKJ, ^'^ -fe #, ^ jljl, {szmi no ato), 

Writing, penmanship. 
BoKUSHA, ^'^5^-v, (\ ^ , (uranat-ja) n. 

A fortune-teller. 
\BoKV8m,-8z-,8hta' ^^-j^, 1%, t.v. To 

tell fortunes. Syn. uranau. 
Boku-t6, ^*^Y^,y^JJ,n. A wooden 


BoKUZEl, ^r^^/f , \y H, n. Bamboo rods 

used by fortune-tellers. 
BoM-BORl, 'K^'^K V , 5 Jlo), «. A candle- 
BoM-BU, ^yy^y JL :^» {tadanoKto), n. 
A man, an ordinary man ; human being. 
(Bud.) Hotohe mo motowa — nari — mo 
scUoreba hotohe nari, Amida originally 
was only a man, a man also by fully 
knowing all things becomes a god. — no 
uchi nite — ni aradz, being in the form 
of a man yet not a man. 
BoM-MATSZRl, ^ ^^ ^J' i; , S ^? w. The 
feast of lanterns, on the 18th, 14th, and 
15th of the 7th month. 
B6-M0RI, ^^ *> ^ V , JS ^ , n. The wife of 
a priest of the Moutoshu sect of Buddhists. 
tBoMPI, ^ >' e , JL -^> w. A vulgar per- 
BoN, ^' y, ^, n. A wooden tray, a waiter 
Boy, ^>y, % W, w. The feast of lanterns. 
tB6-NA, y-^ ^ -^j Mj (<^cLh) «• Fierce, 

violent, cruel, tempestuous. 
tBoN-CHI, -^^ y ^, J\^^, n. Ordmary 

wisdom or talent ; not extraordinary. 
BoN-DEN, ^^yfy,%^,n. A festival 
celebrated, when any severe sickness pre- 
vails, to propitiate evil spirits. 
tBoN-GO, if^ y =^, % pp , w. The sacred 

language of the Buddhists. The Pali. 
BoK-Jl, -^^yi^y % ^>«« The sacred writ- 
ten character used by the Buddhists. Pali 
BoN-KU, -^y^y^^^n. Offerings made 
during the feast of lanterns to the spirits 
of the dead. 
BoN-MN, -^tyr^y, Jl, A^n. A man or 
human being, not supernatural; a common 
person, an ordinary man in talent or 
ability. — ni aradz, not a common 
Bon-k5, ■^:y-f^, ^ IS* ^- Lust, sen- 
suality, sinful desires. Bon-no wo szhiy 
to save from sinful lusts. Bon-no ga oho- 
ru, the rousing up of sinful desires. Bon- 
no no hidzna wo tatsz, to cut off the first 
motion of lusts. Bon-no no inu oyedomo 
saradz, though a lustful dog be driven 
away he will not leave. 
BoN-NO-KUBO, ^y ;^^',%^yn. The 

hollow on the back of the neck. 
fBoN-RlYO, ^:yy) 3, JLM^^ n. Ordinary 
human intellect, Bon-riyo no oyohu tohoro 
ni aradz, that which men of common minds 
cannot attain to. 
fBoN-SHlN, :it:yiyy, ji ^, n. Ordinary 
human body. 

Digitized by 





tBoN-SHiN, ^tyyy^ Jl ^jj, n. Common 
human intellect . 

BoNSO, ^' y-^ ^, Jlif, n. A common 
priest, an ignorant priest. 

BONYARI, 'KJ^^V, ^ ^, adv. Dim, ob- 
scure, cloudy, hazy. Me ga — sKte yohu 
miye nau my eyes are dim and I cannot 
see well. — sh'ta h'io^ a person of dull 
perception, Syn. uttori, botto. 

tBoNZAi, ^y-J^M , Je, IP, (tszmiwookasz), 
To commit sin 

fBoN-zOKU, 'Kyy^,ji^, Common and 
mean ; the common herd, the laity. — 
no mi wafugo m shHe hami ni chikayoru 
koto cUawadz, the common people being 
unholy cannot approach god. 

tBO-OKa, ^<:^yt^ -,l£ M, (waraga) n. A 
thatched house. 

Bora, ^:^, gg, w. A kind of fish. 

BoRE,-rt^,-^a, 7j:i/;u, ^, i.v. To be old 
and childish, decrepit, 

BOREI, tJ^Tu-zJ, ^ ji^, n. Lime made by 
burning shells, used as a medicine. 

BoRl-BORl-TO, ^.' V ^ V f , coll. adv. The 
sound of craunching, or crushing any hard 
substance with the teeth. Inu ga — hone 

wo kamUy the dog is gnawing a bone. 

nedzmi ga nani ha hute irUy what is the 
rat gnawing at ? 

tBo-RiYAKU, ^:^\)^^, |g «ap, n. An 
artifice, trick, stratagem. — wo okonaUj 
to use a stratagem. 


BORO, ^rp, n. Kags. 

BORO-BORO-TO, iKp^'p Y , adv. In a crum- 
bling or ragged manner. Tszchi — ochiru^ 
the dirt falls crumbling. 

BoROKB,-rw,-^a, ^^vij}y^ same as Boreru. 

Boron Jl, ^trp y^, ^ |& ^, n. A person 
who goes about with his head and face 
concealed in a basket playing on a flageo- 
let. Syn. KOMoso. 

BOROTSZCHI, ^^ V 5^ -fjjW. Loose crumb- 
ling earth. 

BOSATSZ, 'K-*^^', :g g|,w. Name of Budd- 
hist divinities inferior to Hotoke. 

tBoSBN, ^^^ -t >^, E5 18, (fusegt-taiakau), 
To resist, repel, fight off. 

tBoSHA, ^<^2/^, "^ ^, n. A thatched 

BOSHI, y^^y, II :f , n. A white cap 
made of raw cotton, worn by the bride at 
her wedding, and by women at funerals. 

tBo-SHiN, y<-^l^y, t^, w. Deceased pa- 

BoSHO, f '^ ^ 3 , ^ §, w. A forged letter, 
or writing. 

tBosHOKU, ^^'♦^Si^, H ^, Eating vo- 
raciously, or gluttonously. 


fBosszRU, ^'^y^;u, S, i,v. To die, end, 
perish. Cfhi-chi bossh'te sono ohmai wo 
miru, when the father is dead, (the son) 
should observe his ways. Hi wa nishi ni 
— , the sun has sunk in the west. 
Syn. SHINURU, owaru, kureru. 
BoTAN, ^^^yjti:^, n. The peony. 
BOTAN, ^r^ y^ 15; In .If, (derived from 

Eng. button), n. A button. 
BOTAN-KIYO, ^'^y^3y ^ B^^,n, A 

kind of plum. 
BoTEFURi, 'f'r 7 V , W ^ fflf, »• A haw- 

ker, a pedler of goods in the streets. 
BoTSZ-BOTSz, *'i5'^'^/, $|r Ift, odv. Little 
by little, slowly, doing a little at a time, 
coll. — to kusa wo mushiru, to pull up 
weeds little by little. 
tBoTSz-DEKl, tK^j't'^, S ^' Drowned. 
fBoTSZ-ZEN-TO, ^ -/ ^£ y^ ^ ^, adv. 

Sudden burst, or flash, as of anger. 
Bo-TSZKAI, ^t^i/^>l,;(g.:f.,n. A pedler 
of quack medicines, who to attract buyers, 
exhibits his skill in the use of the club. 
BoTSz-RAKU, ^^^i^, gr ^, Ruined, 
fallen and destroyed : broken and ended, 
. (as a fortune, property,) bankrupt. Kane- 
mocki mo muri ga am to — shimcLsz^ a 
man though he be rich will be ruined by 
BoTTBRi-TO,:je !5^ r O , l[ftfi»«tft;. Fleshy, 
corpulent. — f^tote iru, to be large and 
corpulent. Syn. koykru, futoru. 
BoTTO, ^^;^V,adv. Dull, stupid, flat, life- 
less or sluggish in manner. Me ga — 
sh*ta^ eyes have become dull. 
BOTTORI, ^: y h V J adv. In a soft, quiet or 
silent manner, or like any thing soft and 
wet falling. — to sh'te iru, to be quiet. 
Tuhi ga — to ochiru. 
B6-U, -'N"^^, ^ ^, {iMgeskii ame), n. A 

violent rain. 
Bo-YA, >'<'^-v, (same as Bo), A child, baby. 

-— kocki gokose nay bring the baby here. 
BozEN, yx"^4^y, tt ^, adv. Stupified. 
thunderstruck, astounded, aghast. — to 
sKte iru. 
Bu, 7*, |5, Military. — wo arasoy to dis- 
pute about military affairs. 
Bu 7', ^, n. A part, fraction, the tenth 
of an inch. Ichi — one part. Sam — 
icki, one third. IPgaku — ichi, one hun- 
dredth part. Isszn go — , one inch and 
a half 
^^9 7^ fp, A classifier for a class, set, or 

Digitized by 


BUG / 

BUI r 


kind; radicals. Kono hon san satsz wo 
^f^fftig ichi — to szru^ this book is complete 
in three volumes. Konoji wa nan no — 
m aru de ard, what is the radical of this 

Bu, r, IR; ;p, A syllable of negation. 
No, not, is not. 

Bu-AI, r r -^ , $ ^, (risohu,) n. Interest 
on money, profit. 

Bu-A13ATSZ, /T'^-'l-^, ^ ^ #; An- 
swering rudely, or ill-humoredly. 

Bu-ASHIBAI-NA, 7*7^9 4-^, ^/t" Si 
a. Rude, inhospitable, or uncivil in treat- 
ment of guests 

Bu-BARl,-rtt,-<^a, 7*^<f^y fC .5fi» » ^' 
To display, or show-off courage, to bully. 
Bu-baita h'to, one who struts and makes a 
martial show. 

Bu-BI, /k% ^ fli. Military preparations. 
— genjH ni sxru, to make strong the mi- 
litary preparations. 

Bu-BlKl, y^^^, ^ 51 » Small reduction 
in price. — tao szru^ to make a small re- 
duction of price. 

BUCHI, /+, ig, n. Piebald. — m'ma, a 
piebald horse. 

BuCHl,-^sz,-«a, r ^J', ^, t V. To strike, 
beat, hit, knock, whip. This word is a 
coll. and vulgar form of UtsZy and much 
used joined with other verbs. Te, kobusht, 
mucki, ishi, kanadzchi, take, ki node de 
butsz, to strike with the hand, fist, whip, 
stone, hammer, bamboo, or stick. 
Syn uTsz, chochaku szru. 

BucHi-AKB,-rw,-^a, /-fr^/^, tJ" Bfl, 
t.v. To knock or beat open; to empty 
out, as a bag, box, &c. 

BlTCHl-ATB,-?-w,-^a, r^^Tfi^^ ^ iS;» 
Uv. To shoot at and hit, to strike, to 

BU0Hl-DASHl,-52,-57A7a, /f ^>?^, tT ffij 
t, V To knock or beat out. 

BuCHl-KACHI,-<«S,-^^a, /f :^*y, fj" |p, 
t. V. To win, or overcome in a fight. 

BuCHl-K0B0SHI,-«5,-s/A'<a, /f 3 T^ -^ , tT 
^, i. V. To beat to death. 

BuCHl-K.0WASHl,-S2,-«A^^a, /f 3 7 ^ , 
#r 31, t V. To break down by beating, 
to strike and break. 

BucHi-KOMi,-mw,-nrfa, /-f ai*,!}' ^, 
t V. To drive into, to hammer in. 

^ip, t. V. To beat into pieces. 
Bucfli-MAKB,-rw,-^a, /f ^^;»^, fj" fS, 
/. r. To empty and scatter, as water, or 
grain from a bag. 


BucHi-MAKB,-n(,-^a, y-^y^J^, tT 'fe* 

t. v. To be beaten, or lose in a fight. 
BucHi-NUKl,-fcw,-i<a, /-f ^^, tr ^» 

^ v. To drive, or hammer through. 
BucHi-SHiMB-rM,-/a, /fi/>;^, ^ fi, 

^r. To strike and kill, as a rat, sn^e ; to 

seize and bind as a thief, to beat. 
BucHl-TA03Hlj-s»,-5/i'<a, 7*^ ^7;^, tr 

-gg, < 17. To knock down, as a man, or 

any thing standing. 
BuCHl-TATAKI,-fcu,-lYa, /f ^^^5^, tT> 

^ ^ r. To fight, box. 
BucHi-TOME,"rw,-^a, 7'^f>;^, ^ ±» 

< r. To shoot and kill any thing in motion. 
BucHi-TSZKB,-rM,~^a, /f ^;'^;^, tr #> 

^ V. To hit, to hammer fast, to nail fast. 
BucHi-YABUBl,-rw,-«a, 7'-f^7>, #r 

IJl, <. v. To tear, or break by beating. 

bu-ch6-h6, r-f ^^^^^, ;f IK ^7 Awk- 

ward, clumsy, bungling, inexperienced, 
stupid, foolish, bad, used mostly apologet- 
tically of one's self. — wo szru, to do a 
foolish or awkward thing. Sake wo — de 
gozarimas, (in declining to drink,) I am 
poor at drinking wine. — mono nanibun 
yoroshiha otanomi mosktmasz, as I am in- 
experienced please help me all you can. 
Syn. so-so, fctszdzka. 

BUDO^ 7'^'^, jB 1S> w- Grapes. — dzru, 
grape-vine. — shu, grape-wine, 

Bu-d6, r^'^, f* ?E, (michinashi.) De- 
void of principle, impious, vicious, un- 

Bu-DO, /^ ty , ^ Jg, (Samurai no michu) 
n. Military sciences. 

Bu-GAKU, 7^ff^, M^'^' ^Pantomime 
and music. 

Bu-GEl, ry/J, % %, n. ThemiUtary 
arts, of which the Jap. reckon 14, such as 
the use of the sword, spear, bow, club, 
musket, horse, &c. 

Bu-GEN, ryy, ^ IS, Rich, wealthy. 
Bu-gensha, a rich man. 

Bu-GIN, r^y^ ip &^y n. Percentage, or 
profit from exchange. 

Bu-G1y6, r^"^^, ^ ^^ ^^' Asuperin- 
tendent, a governor. — sho, superinten- 
dent's office. 

Bu-GU, 7'/, S :R, n. Military arms and 

Bu-1, /4, g; J^, n. IVIiHtary power. 

Bu-1, 7*4 , ^ ^, (hawaru koto nashi). 
Without any thing strange, or unusual ; 
without accident. 

Bu-lKl-NA, //J ^-^,coll. Clownish, vulgar, 
coarse, rough in manners. 

Digitized by 


BUM / 

BUN r 

Bu-IKU, rA^,^ W? (siodaieru,)yo 

bring up, to rear up, support, nourish. 

Kodomo wo — smi^ 
Bu-IN, //f y, ^ ^, (tayori ga nai,) 

No letter, no word, no communication. 

mahoto-ni go hum tszkamatszri soro, I 

have not ^vritten to you for a long time. 
BUJT, r^?,^ ^, (nani goto mo nai), 

without accident, without anything un- 
usual occuring, safe, free from trouble. 

Yedo hara hiji ni uchi ye kayerimash'ta, 

has returned home from Yedo in safety. 

Syn. soKusAi. 
Bu-JUTS, 7*:?^ ^^, ^ %^ «• ^Ijlitary art 
BUKB, 7'^, IS §85^ (samurai.) n. The 

military class, or gentry. 
fBu-KBl, 7'^A,U #> Untrue, fictitious, 

Bu-Kl, 7*^, ^ Sj (samurai no utszwa.) 

n. IVIilitary arms. 
Bu-KIBIYO, r^ y ^ ♦ , ^, ^ fe» Homely, 

Bu-KITOKU, /^ 3 ^ , ^ ft • ^ Music and 

Bu-KIy5, r^3^, :7 S ffl- Of no abih- 

ty talent or ingenuity, not clever, awkward, 

BUKKI, 7'^^^, # ^Jffofohe no lUszwa), 

n. Utensils used in the worship of 

BUKKIYO, r v' :3|f ^ ^ , -^ 3^, n. The sacred 

books of the Buddhists. 
BUKKOROSZ, y^y=ip^. See JBuckikoroshi. 
BUKKOWASZ, 7* V^ 3 7 ;i , SeeBiichikowashi. 
BuKKOMU, /:)^3>. See Buchikomi. 
BUKKU, y^'P'^, # ^,n. Things offered 

up to Hotoke, in worship. 
BUKKUDAKU, ti^^^' See Buchihw 

Bukk'wa, ri^V,% :^. w. Buddhist 

perfection. The reward of a religious 

•j-Bu-KO, 7*3, ^ jjj w. An armory, a 

house in which arms are kept. 
BuKO, Yij^^ ^ ^•^' Military services 

worthy of praise; great military deeds 

or merit. Buho wo talent. 
Bu-KOTSZ, 7*3 ^y, %%. Rude, coarse; 

clownish, rustic. 
BuKURlYO, /^ V -v ^ , ^ :^, w. The name 

of a medicine, a kind of fungus growing 

on the root of the pine. Syn. matszhodo. 
Bum A, r-^, % FhI. Awkward, acting 

out of time and place, blundering. 
BuM-BU, 7*^7*, 3iiC IS- ^' Literature and 

military art. 

Bu-MEl, /^ /f , ^ ig. n. Military fame. 
Bumei no aru Kio. 

BuMMAKBBU, r^-^^P. See Buchimake. 

fBuM-PA, 7*^^^^ JR, [wolcare no na- 
gare). The streams branching from a 
fountain. Fig. of teaching, or doctrines 
transmitted from some person, or place, 
as its origin. Hasshu wa mina tenjtku no 
shaka no humpa de gozarimasz. The 
Buddhist sects all came down fit)m the In- 
dian Shako. 

tBuM-PlTSZ, ry^ *;', ^ ^. n. Literature 
and writing. — Bumpitsz ni tassJCta. Kto^ 
one accomplished in literature, and the 
art of writing. 

Bhm-p6, ryy<^, 3Jt ^. n. Rules of com- 
position, style of writing. 

Bun, ry, 3!t, 0^*)^. Writing, letters, 
composition, literature. — Bun ni tasszru 
hHo, an accomplished writer. 

Bun, 7'y^ ^,{wakachi). n. A part, portion, 
division, share, duty, station in life, cir- 
cumstances, ability. Kore wa watakushi 
no bun, this is my share. Bun no hoka, 
besides one's proper part, duty or place. 
Bun ni szgiru, to exceed what is pro- 
per to one's station, or one's ability. Oya- 
bun, the part of a parent. Ichi gon no 
moshi'bun gozarimasen, had not a word 
to say. 

BUN-BUN-NI, y*yTy^,adv. Divided into 
portions, or shares, separately. Bitn- 
bun ni oku, to place in separate portions. 
Bun 'bun ni szru, to apportion out, to 
divide into shares. 

B UN-CHIN, ry^y,'^M>^' ^ paper- 

BUN-CHO, 7*>' r ♦, 5; .^ ; w. The name of a 

Bun- DO, 7*y^'^,'^My (Jumiriomichi,) 
n. Literature, learning. — wo shiradz 
shHe budo tszi-ni shori wo yezaru koto, 
military science alone, without a know- 
ledge of literature, can never be successful. 

BUNDORI, yyy^), ^ii, n. Seizing the 
spoil of the vanquished. — szru, to seize 
the spoils 

Bu-NEN, /:?. y, ^ ;f:, Unmindful, heed- 
less, inattentive, forgetful. 

tBuN-GAKU, 'fyif^,'%^, Learning to 
read, pursuing literary studies, especially 
the Chinese classics. 

BuN-GEN, Yy^y, ^ IS, n. Condition, 
place, social position, circumstances, sta- 
tion in life. — wo hakaru, to consider 
one's circumstances. — soo-na h^to, a 
person of good position, or easy circum- 
stances. Svn. Mi-BrN. 

Digitized by 


BUB / 

BUS / 


Bunks, T'^'^, ^ SSJ, «. Leaving the 
paternal home to set up house for one's 
sel^ (as a younger son). — wo szni. 

BuNKBN, 7*y^ yj ^ ^j To survey, or 
measure the height, or distance. — szrv. 

Bdn-ken-dogu, Ty^ y^^^', ^ ^ ift 

^, n. Surveying instruments. 
BUN-KBN-YEDZ, 7*>'^ :^Xy, ^^f&H- 

n. The chart of a survey. 
BUN-KO, Ty=iy'^ 1$., n. A library; a 

box for keeping books in. 
BuN-MAWASHl, yy-rr^^-y, 3g $|, w. A 

pair of dividers, or compasses. 
Bu-N1y6, 7*^3 ♦, M ^, n. A fruitfiil 

BuN-RI, 7*^ V , ^ IB, (toakare kanareru,) 

To separate, to sunder, to analyze. 
BUN-RIYO, /> y -V' t>,^ 5, w. Weight 

proportion, quantity. Kono Jcuszri wa ichi 

do ni — ihwra nomi'inctsho ha, how much 

of this medicine shall I take at one time ? 


BuN8Aisr,-«8rtt, 7*y-^y, ^ ^, {wakare 
chinu) To break up and scatter, (as a 
family from poverty.) Konkiu ni tski 
bunsan itashtmash^ta. Gunzei ski hd ye 
hvnsan szru. The army broke and scat- 
tered in all directions. 

BuNSno, ry-y^^, '%%^ n, k. writing, 
composition, a document. 
Syn- FUMi. 

tBuN-TATSz, ry^ !;, % ^. To commit to 
writing, communicate in writing. 

BuK-TEl, ryfA, %^, n. The style of a 

BUN-TSU, ryi^^.-^C.^. To communi- 
cate by letter. 

BuN-ZAl, /^^M, ^ is;, w. Condition, 
place, or social position, kind, used only 
of inferiors Cko-nin no hun-zai to sJCte 
furackina yatsz da, Syn. bungen. 

BUPPO, r^y^^, ^ fi, n. The rites and 
ordinances of Buddhism. — ni tru, to 
become a Buddhist 

BuBA-BURA-TO, /f /:? , adv. In a swing- 
ing, or dangling way, idly, without object. 
— sh*te arttku^ to roam about idly, with- 
out any particuiai' business. Bura-hura 
yamai, a chronic state of ill health, neither 
sick nor well. 

BuRANKO, yf y:2j n. A swing. 
Syn. YusAWARi, 

BuRARl, Tf V , adv. Dangling, hanging 
loosely, and swinging to and fro; idly. 
Burarito uffohuy to swing backwards and 
forwards. — «an, an idler. 

tBu-RAl, TfAy ^ )g(, (tanomoshige 

nashi.) Useless, good for nothing, pro- 
fligate, abandoned to vice. 

Bu-REI, 7V/f , ^ jji, Rude, impolite, 
vulgar, devoid of good manners. — wo 
togameru, to censure rudeness. — na gats 
da, a vulgar fellow. Syn. seiTSZREi. 

BuRl, / V , IS, n. Name of a fish. 

BuRl, /y , (same as/wn j^g,) adt\ Dur- 
ing, time since. Mika-buri, for three days. 
To-ka^ri no kuszri wo kudasare^ give 
me medicine enough for ten days. Hisa- 
shi-huri Yokohama ye kimash^ta, it is a 
long time since I have been to Yokohama. 
Hisashi'huri tenki yoku narimash-ta, it is 
a long time since we have had pleasant 
weather, (before to-day.) 

BURI-BUBI, 7*^ 7*V > w- A kind of toy. 

tBu-RlYAKU,7*»;^^, % ^,n. ]Military ^ 
plan, or stratagem. 

BuRU-BURU, T)Vy')V^ ^ W^adv. Trem- 
bling. Kowagatte — jfuruta, to tremble 
with fear. Samukute — Jfuruyeru, to 
tremble with cold. Syn. wana-wana. 

Bu-RUI, //W/f, % ^, n. Genera and 
species ; class. — » wo wakette atszmeru, to 
collect and arrange in classes. 

Bu-SAIKU, T-^A ^, /P fti Xi Bad work- 
mansliip, badly made, unskilful. — ni 
dekita, badly made. — na hako, a badly 
made box. 

Bu-SA-h6, /^^/^7, % if J^, Not acting 
according to the rules of propriety. Impo- 
lite. Syn. SHiTSZREi. 

Bu-SATA, 7*-^^ , lift 9? tfc, (otodzre nashi.) 
Remiss or negligent in writing, or visiting, 
(used by way of apology.) oi-ni go — 
itashimashHa, I have been very remiss in 
writing to you, or in visiting you. 

Bu-SEI, r-t^, :^ ^, ipkotaru.) Idle, 
lazy, not diligent, negligent. Kono ko wa 

— da kara gakumon wa agarimasen, this 
child, owing to his idleness, does not learn. 
Syn. RANDA. 

Bu-SHl, 7'^^, ^ i, {sarnvraiymononofv,) 
n. A cavalier, military class ; soldier. 

Bu-8HiN-jiN, r^yy-^y, % it >il>, In- 
fidel, unbelieving, not devout, irreligious. 

Bu-SHITSZKE, 7Vv^'5r, ;f ^, Rude, im- 
polite, vulgar. Syn. burei. shitszrei. 

Bu-Sh6, 7V^^, % ^, Idle, lazy, loaf- 
ing, slovenly. — na mono, a loafer, lazy 
fellow. Syn. monogusai. 

Bu-sh6, ry^^, 1^ tH, n. A general, 
commander of an army. 

Bu-SHUBi, rty^j- 1', ;^-i*Ji, Out of&vor, 
disgraced, disapproved. HCkCsaki ye wa 

— de kao ga dasarenu, as I am in dis- 

Digitized by 



BUT / 

CHA f 

gi'ace with my emplojer, I cannot show 

Bu-SHUKAN, r^-^* ^, # ^ ffi", w. A 

Bu-s6, r^^, ^ ^, {naraU nashi.) 
Without an equal or match, unequaled. 

BuSSAN, ry^^^, ft g^, {Hotoke main.) 
To visit the temples, or graves, for wor- 
ship. Syn. SANKEi. 

BuSSHl, r^:^y, ft 65, {Hotohe-tszhin.) 
n, A maker of idols. 

BusSHO, r^ry-^^, ft ^, n. Giftsofrice 
made to priests. 

BussHOYE, r^y-y^ ^x, ft 4 #, n. The 
birthday of Shaka, the 8th day of the 8th 

BUSSO, r^y^^, ^ gjl, n. Commotion, 
# disturbance, excitement. — na hoto^ com- 


BUTA, 7*^, ^, n. A hog, pig. — noniku, 
pork. Syn. inoko. 

BuTA-BUTA-TO, Y^f^, adv. Fat, corpu- 
lent. — futotte trUy 

Bu-TAI, r^^yMi^^n. The stage of a 
theatre. — wo fiimuy to make a debut on 
the stage. 

BuTARE,-rw,-^a, r^wu, ^ ff, paas. 
or pot. of Bucht To be struck, hit, or 
beaten. Bo de biUareta, struck by a club. 

BuT-CHlMBRU, / 5^ f ^ ;U, see Buchi-shime, 

BUTCHODZRA, t^;^^^-^/^, # H ffi, 

71. A morose, surly countenance. 
BuTSZ, r-?, ft, {Hotoke,) n. The supreme 

being of the Buddhists, Buddha. 
BuTSZ, r i^, ^, see Buchi, to strike. 
BuTSz, 7'y, ^, (mono.) w. A thing. Ban- 

butsz, all tilings. 
BuTsz-BACHi, r^:^^^^, ft ^, n. Pu- 

nishment inflicted by Buddha. 
BUTSZ-BUTSZ-TO, r^'/^', t^ ^, orft;. 

The noise of water boiling, bursting of 

bubbles. — wakitatsz^ to boil up with 

a bubblmg noise. — kogoto wo tu, to 

grumble and scold to one's self. 
BuT.^Z-DAN, 7'y^'y, ft J^, n. The shelf 

on which the family idol is placed. 
But8z-d6, rv'^^, ft Jt, {Butsz no 

michi.) 72. Buddhism. 
Butsz-d6, 7*5^^1^, ft ^, w. a Buddhist 

BcTSZ-GU, r 5^/, ft ^, 71. The furniture 

used in the worship of Buddha. 
BUTSZ-Jl, rv-;, ft ^, n. Worship, or 

religious ceremonies performed for the 

BUTSZ-MA, r :;'^; ft fJ, n. The room in 

which the idol is kept, and where re- 
ligious services are performed ; a chapel- 

Butsz- YE, /^'a:, ft Jjf, »i. Clothes worn 
by Buddhist priests. 

BUTSZ-YE, /r^Z, ft If, n. Pictures of 

BuTsz-zAisE, ry^r>i -k, ft ?£ it, 

Whilst Shaka lived. 

BuTSZ-z6, r^Y^j ft IR, 71. Image of 

BuTTAOSZ, 7* 5^^ 7 ^ , see Buchitaoshi 

BUTTATAKU, r .^'^ ^ ^ , see BuchUatoki. 

BUTTSZKERU, r i; 5^ ^ ;u, see J9wcAt ^szibe. 

Bu-WAKE, rV'Jr, §P ^, Divided into 
classes, arranged in classes. — wo szru. 

Bu-YAKU, r^-^, ^ :|^, Public service 
rendered by the lower classes to govern- 
ment. — ni daszy to go out on public 
service. Syn. yaku. 

Bu-YEN, r:r. y, ^ ^, Fresh. just caught, 
(as fish,) Buyenzakana, id. 

BU-TENBIYO, r^^ V 3, |t a E' With- 
out difiidence, without backwardness, or 
restraint, forward, bold, pert, impudent. 

Bu-YO-jiN, r^^l^y.^^PA t^, Careless, 
heedless, negligent, unmindful. 


Cha, -f-y, ^, n. Tea. — wo irete kur&, 
make some tea (to a servant.) — wo 
niru, or — wo senjiru, to boil tea. — wo 
tateruy to make tea from the powdered 
leaf. — wo iru, to ^^^ or roast tea. — 
wo hikuy to powder tea. — wo tszmu, to 
pick tea. — wo seiszru, to prepare the 
tea for market. — wo tszmeru, to pack 
tea in boxes. — wofurttmoy to serve out 
tea. — wo sonayeruy to make offerings of 
tea. — no kat, a tea-party. 

Cha-bako, -f -v^N-a, ^H, n. A tea-chest, 
or box. 

Cha-BAN, f Arx>r^, ^ ^y n A clown, 

Cha-batake, f y^x"^^, 3^ H, n A tea 

Cha-bento, ^^^y^^^ ^ ff m> n. 
A portable chest with drawers and fur- 
nace for preparing tea when on a journey. 
.Cha-bin, f ^ h' ^, ^ JK, 71. a tea-pot. 

Cha-bishaku, -f^t'^-^^j^f^, 71. A 
tea ladle. 

CflA-EOKI, ^A,.x^:^, ^ ^^ „ Afeather 
brush, used in sweeping up tea when 
grinding it in a mill. 

Cha-eon, ^^^:yy ^^,n. A tea-tray. 

Cha-bukuro, f^r^p, ^ S; w. A 

Digitized by 


CHA f 

CHA ^ 


small hempen bag, used for holding the 
tea in boiling it 

Cha-DAI, -f^^Aj ^ 3£, n. A wooden 
stand for a tea-cup. 

Cha-dansz, ^^^y^,:2^^,n. a cup- 
board for keeping tea and tea-utensils. 

Cha-dogu, -f r^^^, ^ 3^, n. Vessels 
and utensils used in making tea. 

Cha-DZKB, ^^^^, 3S^ St, «. A food 
made by misdng boiled rice in tea. 

Cha-GABA, ^^ify, ^ j$, w. Tea- 

Cha-GAMA, ^^If-^^ 3S ^, w. A pot for 
boiling tea. 

Cha-g'wasHI, -f^/yx^, ^ ^, (pro. 
Ckagashi.) n. Fruit, or sweetmeats eaten 
with t^a. 

Cha-hSji, "f ^^N^i?, 5?^ jl^, n. A vessel 
for heating tea leaves before drawing. 

Cha-IBB, -f -v^ 1^5 ^ A> w. a tea-caddy. 

Cha-iei, -f-^/f y/ig ]|[, n. A pan for 
firing tea. 

Cha-iro, +^^ t?, 3S? fe> w- Tea-color. 

Cha-JIN, "^^ipyj ^ A» w. A master in 
the art of preparing powdered tea; an 
eccentric person. 

Cha-KASZ, ^ >^ -h ^y 5R ^y «• Tea- 

CHAKA8Hl,-SZ,-57i'^a, f ^ T^T -^ , Pj| H, 
Uv> To hoax, to befool, to trick, to impose 
on. Syn. gdro szru, azakeru. 

Cha-KI, f ^#, ^ S> «• Utensils for pre- 
paring powdered tea. 

Cha-KIN, -f ^^^, ^ rfj, n. A tea-towel. 

Cha-KOSHI, f ^^3 5^, ^ fH, w. A tea- 

CHAKU,-szrt*, ^^^, ^, To arrive at, to 
wear. — shidai, upon arrival, as soon as 
he arrives. 

Chaku-FU, ^^^7, M My Arrival at 

CiiAKU-GAN, f Ar^;Cr;/,^ J^, To arrive 
in port, to land. 

CflAKU-NAN, f ^^t^, M ^y «• The 
eldest son. 

Chaku-riu, f^i^V^, i^ f^, n. The 
eldest son's line. 

Chaku-SEN, ^^^^y^ ^ 1^, Ship ar- 
rival. KonnieM — itasMmaskta^ the ship 
arrived to-day. 

CHAKUrSfll, i-^^^^, J5g -?, w. The el- 
dest son. . . 

CnKKVj-shiy-'SZy-sh'ta, ^-v^;^, ^, t v. 
To arrive, to wear. Kon-nichi yedo hara 
— bJu mashta, I arrived from Yedo to- 
day. Saori wo — ^c/ti, to wear a coat. 

Sjn. T8ZKU, KIRU. 

CflAKU-SON, -f-^^ V y, i^ Jg, n. A de- 
scendant in the regular line of the eldest 

CHAKU-T0,-5zrw, f^^^^, ^^Itv. 
To arrive. 

Chaku-YO, +^^3t»^, ^ fl5, To wear, 
put on. Kimono wo — %zru, 

Chaku-za, ^^^^\ ^ ^, (taniUthi), 
To sit down. 

Cha-MESHI, f ^>^^, ^ IR, w. Rice boil- 
ed in tea. 

Cha-MISB, 4 ^ -fe , ^ 0, w. a tea-house. 

Chan, -f ^ :^, fft|&,'w. Tar, resin. 

Cha-no-fu, -f ^77, ^ |g, w. a tea 
price -current. 

CflA-KOKO, f ^ / 3, IS i&, w. Cake, 
sweetmeats, or any thing eaten with tea. 

Chanoma, f ^Z-^, ^ ^, n. The dining 

Chan-TO, ^^y\ , ado. Correctly, straight, 
right, perfectly, completely, fully. KimO' 
no wo -^ szru, to settle, or rectify one's 
dress. — sKia nart, precise, or exact in 
dress and behaviour. — sztni-mashHaj it 
is completely finished. — 8h*te ore, sit 

Chan, f ^y, (Yed. coll.), w. Father, used 
only by the lower classea 

Chan-chan-bodz, 'f-'^y^^y^^^TCj n. 
vul. coll. A Chinaman; (from the re- 
semblance of his head to a poppy capsule.) 

Chappo, f at ^^^k, ^fl, (coll.) The cloth 
worn around the loins by women. 

Chabumeba, f^/M^, ijiH ilA, n. A 
trumpet, bugle. 

Cha-SHAKU, f ^^-^^ ^ gt, n. A tea- 

Cha-seki, ^ ^ -k :^, ^ ;Sf, «. ' a tea- 

ChaSEn, f ^ ^1 ^, ^ ^, n. A tea-stirrer 
made of bamboo. 

Cha-SHJ, f -vj^, ^ U, w. a tea grower. 

Cha-Shibu, f ^^^7', ^ ffi, n. The de- 
posit from tea on an old tea cup. 

Cha-shitSz, -f ■v>^5', 3S ^> «• A tea- 

Cha-tei, -f V r 4 , ^ ^, w. a tea-stall. 

Cha-t6, fAr^t»;,^jf|, n. Offerings of 
tea made to idols. 

Cha-tszbo, f -v 5^'h', ^ ^, ». A tea-jar. 

Chatto, -f ^ i:' ^ , ad/o. Quickly, instantly. 

Cha-USz, f ^♦-^j ^ ^, w. a tea-mil], 
for pulverizing tea. 

Cha-wan, f ^y j^, ^ {Jig, n. A tea-cup. 

CHAYA,f -Y-v,^^, w. A tea-store, tta- 

Digitized by 



cm ^ 

CHI f 

Cha-yen, f ^^^5 ^ Sj ^- A tea-gar- 
den, or plantation. 

Cha-zome, f ^ /> , ^ ^, «. Dyed of a 
tea- col or. 

Chi, -f, ^, (sen.) A thousand. — tose^ 
a thousand years. — tahi, a thousand 

Cnr, -f, Jtfe, n. The earth, a place or region 
of country. Ten — , heaven and earth. 
To — y this part or region of country. 
Syn. Tszcni, tokoro. 

Chi, ^, jfiL» n. Blood. — tco haku, to 
vomit blood. — no michi, the menses. 
— no namida, tears of blood. — wo torUj 
to take blood, to bleed. — no meguri^ the 
circulation of the blood. — ga sawagu^ 
derangement of the menses. — ga httda- 
ru.> discharge of blood. — wo tomeru^ to 
stop the flow of blood. — ga deru^ it 
bleeds. Syn. ketsz. 

Chi, f , ^, n. Milk (Coll. chichi.) 

Chi, ^, ^, Wise, shrewd, clever, knowl- 
edge, intellect. (cx)ll. Chiye). — no ndki 
h*tOj a person of no intelligence, — aru 
hHOy a clever person. 
Syn. kash'koi, sATosHit mo.voshiru, 

Chi-BANARE, f ^>r-M/, ^ ai, w. Wean- 
ing. — wo szruj to wean. 

Chibi-chibi, f b'f t', ^ ^, adv. Little 
by little, a little at a time, in small quan- 
tities. JTane wo — watasz, to pay money 
a little at a time. Syn. szkoshi-dztez, 

||CHlBl,-rw,-fa, f t';u,^, Iv, To waste 
away, bo consumed, gi-ow less and less. 
Mainichi Uzkaita hara totskimo hocho mo 
chibiia^ the whetstone and knife from daily 
use waste away. Noki no amadare de tshi 
ga chihita^ the stone is worn away by the 
rain dropping from the eaves. Syn. heru. 

Chi-bo, f ^ri> § Ij^, n. Clever at plan- 
ning, fertile in expedients. 

Cm-BURUI, f //I'^i , i ^, n. The shiv- 
ering of lying-in women, the cold stage 
of milk-fever. 

Cm-BUSA, f r-»^, ?L M» ^- The breasts. 

Chi-CHI, f -t, ;JC, n. Father. — Mha, 

— hata^ relatio/is on 

father and mother, 
the father's side. 


Chi-CHI, ^f , ^^ n. Milk. The breasts. 
— ga denc^ the milk flows. — ga haru, 
the breast is swollen. — wo amasz^ to 
throw up milk (as an infant). — wo no- 
waseni, to give suck. — wo shihoru, to 
milk. — kusai^ smell of milk, babyish. 

CHi-CHl,-5m/, f f , 5i 5i, To be late, 
tardy, alow, to procrastinate. 

Syn. GCDZ GUDZ szru, himadoru, raciu 


tCm-CHlU, f f ♦, Jill gg, (taehi motoru), 
To be slow in deciding, to hesitate, to 
doubt. Syn. tkn-nin, cuiu-cho, tamerau. 

Chi-darake, -f^'f^r, (coll). Smeared 
with blood 

Chidori, -f K i; , ^ ,^, n, A snipe. — 
ashi ni aruku^ to walk with steps crossing 
each other. — ni nn, to cross stich. 

CHiGAi,-o,or-aw,-o^a,or-a^^a, ^^'7, ^, 
i.v. To be different; to mistake; to miss. 
Nippun no fude to gai-koku no fude to — 
maszj the Japanese pen diff'ers from that 
of foreignera Dciko no hint demo Kto no 
kokoro chigawa-naij in every nation the 
heart of man is the same. Jki — , to miss 
in going. Szra — , to graze in passing. 
Ftmi — , to make a false step. 


Chigai, f ^t, 3J, «. DiflTerence, mistake. 
— wa nai, there is no difference. 

Chigai-dana, f ;!rb^^, ^ flS, n- A 
shelf, one half of which is on a different 
plain from the other. 

Chigaya, ^^>, 3p , n. A kind of 
coarse grass. 

Chigi, -f ^, tt #, (kakari,) n. A 
weighing beam. 

CHlGiRB,-rz^,-^a, ^ ^ IX ;u, Hf m, ,-. V. 
To be torn. Kimono ga chigirete sagaUa, 
the clothes are torn and hanging down. 

ChGIRE-CHIGIRB, -f :¥ IX -f ^ u-, Igf Hf , 
adv. In a scattered manner; helter-skelter; 
broken and disorderly. 

CHiGlRi,-rt^,-^^a, f ^r/^, i^ ^, t f. To 
tear off. Kaki wo chigitte toru, to pluck 
off a persimmon. Syn. mushiru. 

Chigiri, ^^y, ^, n. An alliance, rela- 
tion of marriage, or friendsliip ; a union, 
compact, agreement — wo muszhc, to 
make an alliance. Shu-jU no — hmo yo 
nomi ni aradzy the relation of master and 
servant is not confined to this world. 
Syn. yak'soko, keiyakd, majiwari. 

CHiGiRi,-rw,-^^a, f ^/u, g^, i\ r. To 
form an alliance, have fellowship with, 
make a compact. ITto to chigiru nara 
v^u chigirite szye woba toge'-yo, in our 
intercourse with others slight familiarity 
will conduce to long friendship. 
Syn. MAjiwARo, yak'soku szru. 

Chigi-y6, f ^^^, ^ fj, n. The estate 
of a lord, or noble, — wa sai-kohi nite 
taku wa jii man goku, his estate is in the 
western provinces, and revenue one him- 
dred thousand koku. 
Syn. iinoBDN, shobiyo. 

Digitized by 


CHI f 

CHI f 


Chigo, -f^, ^, «. An infant A servant 
boj of the Emperor. 


fCm-HATSz, ^^\i^y H g, {Tcami wo 
9oru^) n. Shaving the head, entering the 
priest hood. Syn. kashiraorcsz, tei- 


tCm-lN, "^Ay^ ^ ^j n. An intimate 
friend, or acquaintance. 

Syn. KONI-NA-H*TO, uOtc. 

CHiJlKAMARi,-ru,-^^a, ^^ i)^f\^, IS, 
t. r. To shrink, to contract, to shrug up. 
SamukiUs chijilamatta^ shrunk with cold. 

CfliJlMABl,-rw,-^^a, f r-^/i-, JS, t. r. 
To shrink, contract, diminish in size, shrug 
up, to be corrugated. 

CHiJiMis,-rt*,-^a, -^ r >?« ;^, %% t. v. To 
cause to contract, to shrink, lessen in 
bulk, to corrugate, wrinkle. Inochi wo — , 
to shorten life. 

CHUiMi,-7nw,-»cZa, 'f^'^, |g, t.r. To 
be contracted, shrunk, corrugated, shorten- 

CflWlMI, ^-f 5 , 1^, w. A kind of corruga- 
ted cloth. 

CHiJiBB,-rt(,-fa, ^f'wi^, IS, t.r, To be 
curled, frizzled, corrugated, wrinkled. Ka- 
mi ga chijireruy the hair is curled. Chiji- 
rekej curlj hair. 

Chijoku, ^-^3^, 55 Jg, n. Ashamed, 
shame. — wo toru^ to feel ashamed. — 
wo aiayeru^ to cause another to feel asham- 

CHlKADZKB,-ru,-^Or, ^ij^f^jV, Bg, /. r. 
To bring near, cause to approach, make 
familiar with, cause to associate with. 
Kodomo wo akur-nin ni ehihadzkeru koto 
warui^ it is wrong to make children inti- 
mate with bad men. 

CHlKADZKl,-/jt^,-i^a, ^ij y^, Jt ^, 
t. V, To draw near, approach, associate, 
be familiar with. Samitsa ga dan-dan 
chikadzkti, cold weather is gradually 
drawing near. Syn. chikayoru. 

ChikadZKI, f 7?^^:^, tt ISS, w. An ac- 
quaintance, companion, friend. 
Syn. TOMO-DACHr. hoyu. 

IIChikagatszYE, f ^T&'yX, jS fL, Hun- 
gry, craving food. 

Chikagoro, +^^p, i£ ]K» ^^^' Lately, 
recently, very, indeed. — wa kayari yamai 
okuy epidemic diseases have prevailed 
much of late. — kita, came lately. — ia- 
tajihenaiy Yery much obliged. — ni nai 
medzrashii koto, not for many years such 
a strange thing. Syn. konoaida, kin-kai. 

CHlKAl,-Kl,-SHr, f ii^ ^ , j£, a. Near, not 

far ; familiar. — michi^ a near way. Chi- 
kaku szru, to bring near, be intimate with. 
Chikaki toshi. in recent times. Chikaki 
shinruij near relatives. Chiko gozanmasz, 
it is near. Ammari chikaku gozarimasen 
they are not much alike, (of two words). 
Chikai, "fijA, ^, w. An oath. — Chi- 
kai wo muszhuy to bind by an oath. 
Chikai wo tateru, to take an oath. Chi- 
kai wo Bomvku, to break an oath. Syn. 


Cm^hX^-au-atta^ -iijyy ^, i,v. To 
take an oath» to swear. Ware mato wo 
invkadzmha chicatte kono ha wo sarc^'i^ I 
swear, if I do not hit the mark, Iwill not 
leave this place. 

ChIKA-JIKA, "fij^iJ, I5:^y&^ (kinkin), 
adv^ Soon, shortly, in a short time. — 
Chikajika no icchi Tedo yc mairimasz. I 
shall go to Yedo soon. Syn. tokaradz, 

tCHKAKU, ^-h^,^ %, fo%^),w. Feel- 
ing, sensation ; sinke no chikaku wa don 
ni naru, the sensibility of the nerves is 

Chikaku, or Chiko, ^t^^, i£, adv. 
Near, see Chikai. 

ChikamE, f ^>, II H. Near-sighted. 

Chikara, f ^^, :/j,«. Strength, ability 
Chikara wo araso, to dispute about 
strength. Kane wo chikara ni szru, to 
rely on money. Chikara wo awaszru- 
to unite together with strength, money, 
or talent, in order to accomplish some 
thing. Chikara ga ockiru, to be discour- 
aged, to lose heart. Chikara wo otosz, 
to dishearten, — wo Uzkeruy to encourage. 
Syn. RiKi. 

Chikaba-dake, 4)5^^^^, :^ ft, w. 
A bamboo used to give strength, or sup- 
port to any thing. 

Chikara-gane, -fij-^^'^, jj ^, n. 
A buckle. 

Chikara-GAWA, ^i3 7f^\, $)f, w. A 

ChikaragB, ^ijfy, ij '^, *i' The long 
hairs on the arms breast and legs, sup- 
posed to indicate strength. 

Chicaragi, f ^ 7 ^, ij/^, w. A weaver's- 

Chicara-KOBU, ^ij^='7%ij^, n. The 
lump made on the arm above the elbow 
by the contraction of Biceps-flexor muscle. 

Chikara-mochi, ■+ ^ -7 ^ 4, ij ^. 
Persons who exhibit their strength 
by lifting heavy weights. 

CHiCAYORi,-n/,-i^a, f *3;^, J£^, «-^'- 
To approach, draw near. 

Digitized by 



CHI f 

CHI f 

Chi-KEMURI, 4^^ > V , Jfil ^, n. Vapor 
of blood. Chikemuri iatsz made tatakau, 

tCniKl, -f ^r, ^ E, «. An acquaintance, 
friend. Syn. chiradzki. 

Chikiri, "f ^ y , ^, «. A weaver's beam. 

Cfll-Kiu, -f^f;, Jfe ^, w. A terrestrial- 

Cm-KIYODAI, ^^^^^A ,'%%%, n. 
Nursed by the same nurse, or at the same 

Chikkiyo, -f ^ =^ 3 , ^ Jg, n. Imprison- 
ment in one's own house for some 6ffence; 
— saserUf to imprison, &c. 
Syn. osiii-KOME. 

Chikkuri, f 5^^V, adv. A little, in 
time or space. Chikkuri mc^atta^ a little 

tCHlKU, fj^, fj", (take), n. Bamboo, 
only used in compounds words. 

Chiku-BA, f ^y<', Yi ,^, n. A bamboo 
horse. CMkuba no tomo^ a play-fellow. 

Chi-kubi, f ^ t% ^ g|, «. The nipples. 

CfllKU-CHiKU, ^i^-f>5^, adv. Pricking, 
sticking. — itai^ a pricking pain. — ezru^ 
to prick, stick. 

ChikudarB, f ^^i;, T Jfil; C^eketszjn. 
A bloody flux. 

*Chiku-ichi, ^^Ai, 3^— , ae?f7. Minute- 
ly, particularly, each and every one. — 
ni hanashi wo ezru, to tell minutely, tell 
every particular. — niehdchiitaehimasK'ta^ 
have granted each and every thing. 


tCfliKU-RlN, ^^\) y, fjr|![c, n. A bamboo- 
grove. Syn. YABu, 

Chiku-SHO, f ^S^^i^, ^ ^,n. A beast, 

Chikushodo, ^{^i^^^.^'^, W ^ ?tj 
n. A place of torment in the Buddhist 

CHlKUTEN,-52rw; -fi^r^, % ^, t V. 
To abscond, to run away. Kuni wo — 
szru, to abscond from one's country. 


tCHi-K'WAN, -f^y;/, 5i It, To delay, 

procrastinate, tardy, slow. 
Chimaki, -f v#, ]^, n. a kind of rice 

Chimamire, ^-rtix, jJi ^, Smeared 

with blood. Syn. chidarake, chimidgro. 
Chimata, f -r^r, ;g, n. Forks of a road ; 

a town, a place. Kassen no — , a field of 

Chi-matszRI, ^^iJ'i;, i5, n. An offering 

of the blood of an enemy to the Kami, to 

insure victory. 

Chi-mayoi, ^-^ra t, ifil S^, n. Faintness 

from loss of blood. 
Chimba, -fy^^, IHf, Lame. Kata — , 

lame in one leg. Syn. bikko. 
tCfliM-B0TSz,-5zrw, -fy^y, gfc g[, 
(skidzmi horohi.) Submerged and lost^ 
ruined, destroyed. 
Chim-BUTSZ, f ;^7':5', 3^ ^, (medzrashi 
monOj) n. A rare thing, unusual and ex- 
cellent, dainty and delicate food. 
Chimmari, -f ^-^y, ffy, adv. Abridged, 
condensed, reduced in size, in miniature. 
— to sh'ta yoi iye da^ a small and neat 
Chimpi, f ^iJ, ^ iJC? ^ Dried orange 

Chimpo, ^ya^-^^ 3^ Jf, n. Rare and 

valuable, precious. 
Chimpo, -f ^^, n. The male member, 
f Chin, -f y^ J^, pro. I, me, only used by 

the Mikado, when speaking of himself. 
Chin, ^^, i^ ^ JSJ, »• A small pet dog. 
Chin, ^ y^ ^, (^iO ^- A small summer- 
Chin, -f y, ^^ n. Hire, fare, wages. Ta- 
na-ehin^ house rent. Ftma-chin, boat hire, 
or freight. Tema-chin^ price of labor. Da- 
chtHy fare for transporting on horse back. 
Uh-chin, freight, fare. — wo harauj to pay 
the hire, &c. 
Chinami, "f -^ < , ISc, «. Connection, rela- 
tion, alliance, cause, reason. — wo musz- 
luy to form a connection. — wofukaku 
iiasZj to form an intimate alliance. 
Syn. YEN, yukari, yoszga. 
ChinaM1-N1, ^-^l^, ^,adv. (An illa- 
tive word). In connection with, or taking 
this opportunity, taking this occasion, or 
apropos to this subject. Sen-koku ikma- 
hanaehi no uchi ni uma no koto ga ari mae- 
Kta ga, sono — yotte, uma no koto wo In- 
waehiku o hanashi moshmasz, as there was 
something said about a horse in the war- 
story just told, I will avail myself of the 
opportunity to speak more particularly 
about it. Syn. t^zide-ki. 
Chin-ch6, -f :^-f 3 ♦, 3^ S:> w- To felici- 
tate, congratulate, to be glad of, to regard 
as a great delicacy, or of great value. 
— ni zonjitatematszri eoro. 


tCniN-DBKl ^yf^ M^j (shtdzmioho- 
ruj) n. Ruined, destroyed. 

Chin-dan, -j-y^y, -^ |'^, (medzrashi ha- 
nashi,) n. News. 

Chin-dzRU, ^y:^;i^j ^, To stat©, re- 
late, narrate. Syn. nobe ur. 

Digitized by 


CHI f 

CHI f 


CHiN-GiN,-sartt, & y ^ y, ^ 9^, To 
speak to one's self. lia^a sen to — 
wrw, *' whafc shall I do'* he said to himself. 

Chin-CO, -f y^, ^ ^, (shidsme mamoru). 
To govern ; to guard and keep in subjec- 
tion ; tranquilize. 

CmN-Jl, i-yi^,^ ^y (medzrashi koto), n. 
A strange thing, unwonted, uncommon 
aflfair, (generally in a bad sense). 

CmN-KiN-BORi, ^y^y^^\}, ^^%% 
n. Carved and gilt work. 

||Chin-k6, ^yij^,!^^, n. Rare and 
fine fish. 

Chin-kVa, ^y^Vy IR >^, n. Extin- 
guished, (as a conflagration). 

Cm-KOMi-GO, f y 5 ^, H •?; «. An m- 
fanty suckling. 

tCffl-KORI, f / i|, ^ ?fil, n. The strong, 
or important places of a country. Ten 
no toki wa — ni shikadz, Syn. Yo-oai. 

fCHlNRiN, ^y\}y, Jfc }^, {skidzmi^ 
shidzmaru). Ruined, destroyed. 

Chin-sbn, & y ^ y, f( ^, n. Hire, 
wages, money earned. 

Chin-SBTSZ, ^y^^:^, ^ gj, n. (medz- 
rashi hanashi)y News.^ Nan-%o — tea go- 
zarimcuen hi, is there any news? 

Chin-bhiqoto, "^yy^^.^it^, n. 

Taking in sewing, (for a living). 

tCHlN-SHO, ^yy3, j^ ^, {medzrashi 
shomotsz). A rare and valuable book. 

Chin-za, "fy/f, SIM- To dwell, (as a 
kcam in a mtt/a), — mashimas. 

CniN-zBN, "^y^y,^ ]j^. A feast, en- 

CfllNlZO, ^y^^, ^ if, n. Property, 
property highly valued. Kono hon wa 
soregashi ti/i no — de gozarimaszy this book 
is the property of Mr. — 

Chiba-CHIBA, ^^^7, adv. In a flickering 
fluttering manner. Tukt ga — to furu, 
the snow falls with a fluttering motion. 

fCm-BAN, -f ^ ^, f& II, {osamuru, mida- 
reru). Tranquility and disturbance, or 
peace and war. 

ChibabI-TO, f f i;, ig^, adv. A glimpse, 
a short, transient view, or sound. — 
mjTtt, to glance at. 

CHiRAT8Kl,-iw,-i^a, -i^^y^, Pg, t.v. 
To flicker, to twinkle, to be dazzled, flutter. 
Bbshi ga ehtrad^, the stars twinkle. 
KazsgafuUe hichiradshi, the light flikers 
in the wind. Iri higasa%Kte me ga chi- 
roibku, the eyes are dazzled by looking 
at the setting sun. Yukiga — the snow 
falls, Syn. hirameku. 

Cmi^ksm,-8z,-8h'ta, ^^:^, To 

scatter, to disperse. Kaie ga hana wo 
fuki-chirasz, the wind scatters the flowers. 
JSi-hana wo cMrasKte tatako, they fought 
until they made the sparks fly. 

Chiri, f i;,J|lS>w. Geography. 

CHlBl,-TO,-^^a, f ;P, ^, uv. To be scat- 
tered, to be dispersed. Szmi ga chiruy 
the ink spreads (as in porous paper). 
Momiji ga ehirUj the red leaves of autumn 
are scattered. Syn. sandzru. 

Chiri, -f i; , g, n. Dirt, rubbish, litter, 
dust. — wo haraUy to clean away dust. 

•}-CHlRlBAMl,-Wl2^,-7lcZa, -f \) ^<M, ^, t.V. 

To carve, to engrave. Adsua ni — , to 
carve in blocks of adzsay (for printing.) 


Chiri-gami, f M'5 j S IK? ^- A kind of 

coarse paper made of the rubbish of a 

paper mill. 
CH1RI--HARAI, f 9^^f t, H ^, ». A 

dusting brush. 
CHiRl-ciRl,-HKi;,f^f^, air. Scattered, 

dispersed. Syn. bara-bara, san-zan. 
Chirikb, f V ^, ^^y n. Nape of the 

CeiRiMEN, f M :^, |§ Iff, n. Cr^e. 
Chiri-tori, -fy h 9, i ®, n. Adust* 

Chi-riyaku, ^ V ^iJ^, ^ WS, n. Wisdom, 

discretion, wisdom and sagacity in plan- 
ning, or contriving. 
tCni-RiYOKU, + V 3 ^, ^ JS;, Wise, 

shrewd, discreet. 
Chiro-CHIRO, -f p-f Pj adv. In a flickering 

manner, with a short, irregular motion. 

— moyeruy to burn in a slow and flickering 

Chirori, f p9, ?S ii, w. a metal pot 
for warming sake. 

Chiru, -f /u, See Ohm. • 

CHiSAl,-Ki,-SHi, -fh-^A, >J>, a. Small, 
little in size; trifling, or of small import- 
ance. — inu, a small dog. — kove^ a 
low voice. — tokij when one was little 
(or young). — kotOy a small matter, un- 
important. — kidzj a trifling wound. 

Chisaku, or CmSO, f b-»^^, adv. Idem. 

— nan4, to become small. — szru, to 
make small. — nai, not small. 

CH1SAN,-S85rw, ^-»f ^, jS ^, (osoku mair 

ru)y To be late in coming. 
Chi-SHA, ^y^, ^ ^, n. A wise, saga- 
cious, or ingenious person. 
Chisha, -f ^-nt, ^^, ». Lettuce. 
tCeiSHi, f -^ , II ip. n. A child. 


Digitized by 



CHI ^ 

CHI ir 

Chishiki, -f 5^ +, ^ la, Wise and 
learned, (applied only to Buddhist priestB). 

Cm-SHIRU, f S^/U, ^ iYy ^' Milk. 

Chiso, f y*, ^ ^, «. A feast, enter- 
tainment, amusement, pleasure. — wo 
szru, to make a fpast. Kiyahi ye — ni 
geisha wo yobu, to call a ballad-singer for 
the amusement of guests. Qkini go — ni 
narimashHa, I thank you for your delight- 
ful entertainment. JDan-dan go — ni ai- 
narimasKte haiajikenaku zonjimaszru (id.) 


tCm-sOKU, f y^, ';g-^,(o80shihayash)y 
Slow and fast, tardy and quiok. 

tCmssz, -f ^>^ , ^, «. To be imprisoned, 
or confined to the house for crime- 
Syn. CHiKKiYo. 

Cm-szJi, f ;^r, jfiL BR, Blood relation. 

— ga tszdzite iru, the family line b un- 

tCHi-TAi, -f^ArM^^ (todokoru,) Slow, 
failing to do. — naka, without fail, prompt- 
ly and in time. 

Chitsz, ^ v^, i|j^, n A cover, or case for 
books, in the manner of the Chinese. 
Syn. FUMAKr. 

Chitto, f »;' f , ^ >J>, adv, A little in 
quantity or time. — hakari hudasamase^ 
give me a little. < — o machi-nasarey wait a 
little. Syn. szkoshi, wadzka, isasaka. 

Chiu, -fty, pff, (naka.) Middle, centre; 
middling in quality, medium, within, 
during, whilst. Jo — ge, the grades, or 
qualities, of superior, middling and infer- 
ior. Syn. MANNAKA. 

Cmu, -f ♦, ^, 71. Empty space, air, 

— tpo Umde nigeta., flew away. — ni hura- 
riio sagatta, hung dangling in the air. 
Chiu-nori tco wrw, to ride in the air. — 
ni ogam, to ascend in the air. — de yomu^ 
to recite from memory. 

Cmu, -f ^, Jg,, n. Fidelity to a master; 
patriotism. — wo iszhtsZj to be faithful to 
the utmost. 


Chiu, -f ^ , ^, n. Commentary, notes. — 

wo kaku, to write a commentary on a text. 
CHlu,-.szrw, ^ ♦, 1^, To kill, slay, 

to punish with death. 

Syn. Kouosz. 
Chiu, ^x>, 3^, «. Pay, day-time. Chfu- 

ya. day and night. Syn. Hiau. 
Chiu-BATsz, ■^^^'^^^, 1^ ^, To punish 

with death, to slay. 
CmUBU, f ♦/, 4* ®> w. Hemiphlegia. 
tCHlU-CH0,-^'2n;, -f *f 3, fil ^, To 

hesitate, to be in doubt, or uncertainty. 


Chiu-d6, ^if^^y 4^ JE, «. Half-way, 
in the midst of, or while doing any thing. 

— ni sKU hai'9%, to give up when onlj 
half done. 

Chiu-dori, ^^^if »;, 4* jiir «^ Medium 

Chiu-gen, ^♦y;^, \iln |3, n. Inferior 
servants of the Samurai. Synr okiszke. 

Chiu-ge>j, -f^y^, 4* %>«• The 15th 
day of the 7th month. The middle of the 
year, and last day of the Feast of Lanterns. 

Chiugoku, f ♦^a'^, pj» g|, j«. The 8 cen- 
tral provinces of Japan, viz: Harima, 
MLmasaka, Bizen, Bitchiu, Bingo, Aki, 
Szwo, Nagato 

Chiu-gosho, ^^zfy^^, + >J> It, n. 
The name of a military rank. 

Chiu-GI, -f^^, ^ ^, n. Fidelity, pa- 
triotism, loyalty. 

Chiu-han, 'f^?\y, SE ^, (kiru-me$ki,) 
n. Dinner. 

Chiu-in, "f^A y, f^ ^y n. The period 
of 49 days mourning. 

Chiu-JIKI, f ^i^+, 3i ^, (Mru-Meshi,) 
n. Dinner. 

Chiu-jun, f ♦iJjxy, 4» ^, The mid- 
dle decade of the month, from the lOth 
to the 20th day. 

tCniu-KA, f^ir, 1i[»5, w. The middle 
of summer, 7th month. 

tCHiu-KAi,-szrw, f^^>f, ^M, To 
comment on, to explain with notes 

tCmu-KAN, f ♦^y^, 4* \%, same as 

tCmu-KAN, -f^55r^, J& SI, Faithful re- 
proof from a servant, advice, or remon- 

Chiu-KI, ^♦^j 4* ^, «• Palsy- 

Chiu-KO, -f ^3, 41 -j^, (naka mukathij 
n. Middle ages. 

Ch1U-k6, f ♦^^j ,S ^, ». Fidelity to 
a master, and obedience to parents; 
than which the Japanese suppose there 
are no higher virtues. 

Chiu-MON, f ^^:^, 4* W» «• The inner 
door, or gate-way of a court. 

CfflU-MON, f *^>', li 2!t, An order for 
goods. — szruj to send an order for goods. 

— cho, an order book. Syn. atszraveru. 
Chiu-NA-GON, f^-^=»'^,"^|ft 4'> 

n. An order of nobility. 
Caiu-NBN, 'f^=f'y, 4* ^j «• Middle 
age of life. 

CniU-NlN, ^♦::i>', ^l[i A» «• A middle- 
man, mediator, go-between. Syn. naka- 

Digitized by 


CHI f 

CHO f 



Cmu-NOBI, ^♦/l, W^, «. A play. 

aotor who appears to walk in the air. 
Chiuo, ^^V^^ ^^y n. The centre, 



Chiu-biku, -f^V^, Hit, To slay, 

to kill, to punish with death. 
tCHlU-SAKU, f ^ Hf ^, ^ % n. A 

stratagem, plan, scheme. 


tCmu-SHAKU, f ♦ 2^^ ^ , ^ 5B^, To ex- 
plain with notes, or commentary. 

Cmu-SBTSZ, f ♦ -k >^, Jfe m, ». Fidelity, 

CHlU-8HlN,-«8rtt, f ♦J^^, g£ ji, tv. To 
report, to inform, tell, (to a superior). 
Sai-koku yori hikiyaku wo moUe Yedo 
mwte ye — ni oyohu, to report from the 
western provinces to Yedo by a courier. 


Cmu-SHiN, i-if'yy, J& ^5, n. Fidelity, 

Cmu-SHlN, i- ^ 'y y,^ E,n. A faithful 

Cmu-SHO, -f ♦ 5^^ ♦ , 4* ^, ,2. Palsy. 

Cfliu-BHU, f ♦J^^, \jilf J^ n. The i5th 
day of 8th month, middle of autumn. 

Cfliu-SHTO, ^^i^^y, ^jijf ^, n. The 
second month, middle month of spring. 

Chiu-TO, -f- ♦ > , + ^, adv. During, in 
the midst of doing anything. — ni sKte 
hat-^z. to give up in the midst of doing 
anything. — de yamerarete tea hmaru, if 
you give up before you have completed 
it, I shall be inconvenienced. 
Syn. CHiu-DO, nakaba, han-to. 

Cfflu-TO, f^ f ♦, It ^, n. The 11th 
month, middle month of winter. 

tCmu-U, f^iy,4»;^, The dark space 
intervenmg between earth and hades, 
(Budh). — no yami ni mayO^ to wander 
about in outer darkness. 

Chiu-ZETSZ, 4 ♦ -tf y, + ite, {naka iayeru) 
Givmg up, ceasing to do or breaking 
off anything, and resuming again, interrup- 
tion. Kei-ko wo — sKte heta ni mUta, 
being interrupted in my study, I have 
become rusty. 

Chi-wa, f y, ^ IJ, ». Love-talk, the 
flirting and coquetry of young people. 
Chiwa-yen-ka inu mo kamawanu, a dog even 
will not interfere in a love-quarrel, 
Syn, iRO-GURui. 

CmWA-BUMf, f yr^ 661^, n. A We- 

CmWA-GURUI, ^V r/\^^y i^ Wir^. 

Chiye, f Z, ^ JSj n. Intelligence, talent, 
cleverness, ingenious. — aru Kto^ an iia- 
telligent person. — no nai otoko da. a luaa 
of no talent. — »o wa, a puzzle made of 
rings. Syn. kasu'koi, kiko, sai-cui. 
CflO, ^-v^jKX, w. a street, a division 
of a street, a measure of length = 60 ^^, 
«= 360 feet, also a land measure of 3,000 
Uzbo, = 108,000 sq. feet. 
Cho, ^^^, (l^, n. A register, accoimt- 
book, leger. — ni tskeruj to enter in an 
Ch6, -f -v^, |g, w. The numeral for guns, 
ink, candles, poles, hoes. Teppo it — , one 
gun, one piece of cannon. Szmi son — , 
. three sticks of ink. Mosohi. ni — , two 
tCno, -f ^ ^, flg, ». The intestines. 

Syn. H^ifAKtiaiKO. 
Ch6, r ^ , ]|g, n. Morning, — seh] morn- 
ing and evening. Syn. asa. 
Cho, f7 ,t%, n. A butterfly. 
Chd, ^"Y^, "J*, n. ^Numeral for sedan- 
chairs. Kayo son — , three sedan chairs. 
Oho, "f-v^, -j^, Even number. — haUy 

even and odd. Syn. Gu. 
Cho, ^Ar^, ^, {nagai,) Long, old, senior, 
chief, principal eminent, superior. Shi- 
shi wa hiyaka-jn no — nari, the lion is 
the chief among beasts. Sake wa Kyabi 
yohu no — , wine is the best of medicines. 


Cho-AI, 4 ^ ♦ r t, I^ >g^, Balancing, 

or comparing accounts, to audit accounts. 

Syn. cuo-MEN wo uiki-awaseru., f3^r>i,^3&, (itszkushimu). 

To love. Syn. kawaigaru, ai-szru, 
Cfl5-Biyo, ^^^ t'^ i^,;g^, (nayayamai,) 

n, A chronic disease. 
Cho-bo, r^^^^^, Ig^ M^ «. A view, 

prospect, — 8zru^ to look at a landscape. 

Kono yania no — ga yoi, the view from 

this mountain is fine. 

Syn. Mi-wATAsni, naoame, 
Chobo, ^3^:, 1,1, n, A dot, point, speck. 

— wo titsz, to make a dot. 
Chobo-chobo, -f 3#f 3^r, |J fj, adv. 

Dotted, the sound of dropping of rain- 
drops. Amadare ya — ochirti, 

Syn. pocm-pocui. 
Chobo-ICHI, f 3 'JM -f , :j# jSf , f^. A kind 

of gambling played with dice. — wo szru. 
Chobokurje, -f 3 ^: ^ IX, 72. A Jdnd of 

song sung by a beggar who goes about 

beatin<^ a wooden bell. 

Digitized by 



CHO f 

CHO f 

Ch5-boN, 'f^^^-y,^';^, n, A ring 
leader. Tozoku no — , chief of banditti. 

— nm, a ring-leader, chief 


Cko-buku, r^r^yMik^n. Enchant- 
ment, or incantations, used to bring evil 
on an enemy. — szru^ to use magic 
arts &c. — no inorij incantation. 
Sjn. n6ro, shuso. 

CHO-CHAKU,-«:rw, ^^♦f^^, Jj" ^, 
t.v. To beat, whip, strike. 


Ceo-chin, r^^y, ^ jl, y*. A lantern. 

adv» The sound or appearance of strik- 
ing, clashing. — utsz, — hiru. 

CH6-DAI,-5zrtt, -f ^^^>i, Jf |g, i,v. To 
receive from a superior. — Uaahi-tai, I 
would like to have this. 


Ch5-dai, -f^^^M, <!| j^, «. A cur. 
tained bedstead. 

fCHO-DAN, i-^ f;^' y^ ^ 1'^, (na^a 
hanashiX ^i. Long talk. Ano hto no — 
ni wa homaru^ annoyed by his long-talk- 

Ceo-DANSz, ^^^^'y^^ tiJSf, w. A 
chest or bureau in which account books 
are kept. 

Chodatsz, 9 ^ ^ ^J, mm. To make 
up, or collect trgether a sum of money, 
Kon nichi^U ni ichi man doru cho-dats% sene- 
la Tuiranu, I must to day make up ten 
thousand dollars. Syn. totonoyeru. 


tCHO-DO, r^Y, ig H, n. Kitchen 

utensils. — no mono wo moiomu. 
Cho-DO, ff/V, to » ^^^- Just, exactly, 

— yot\ just right. — yoi tokoro ye kitUy 
have come just at the right time. 


Ch6-dz, r^y', ^ iiCy n. Water used 
for washing the face, or hands. — wo 
tszkaUj to wash the face, or hands. — 
wo gzrUy to make water. 

Chodz-ba, r^-/y<, ^yKi^y n. A 
privy, water-closet. 

Cho-dz-bachi, rt^x/^ff, ^ ;?fC S*, w. 
The bason of water kept near a privy. 

Cho-dzru, ^^t>^;u, ^, e>. See Chdji 

Cho-gin, ^^^^y.itWi, n. Silver-in- 
gots, or bars. 

Cho-go, r ^ if 7, M^.'^o compound 
medicines. — szru. 

Cho-ho, f 3i>.xt>, J; If, Convenient, 
useful, appropriate. — na mono. 
Syn. BENHi. 

Choito, ^BAy, — if, adv. For a 
moment, instant, little while. Same as 
Chotto. — mise hudasare^ just let me 
look at it. — yori naaai, come in. for 
a moment. 

Choja, f-^r^i^-v,^^, w. a rich-man, 
one in good circumstances. 

Choji, ^^f;^, -^ ^, n. Cloves, 

CHOJi,-TO,-^a, -f-vt^^X/u, ^, tv. To 
grow long or large, grow up, to excel, 
become great, surpass, to be more and 
more addicted to. Bun-gei ni — , ex- 
celling in literature and polite accomplish- 
ments. Asohi ni — , to be more and 
more fond of pleasure. Syn. nobibu, 


CH0ji,-s2rM,^ ^ ^ l> , ^f jt, t, <7. To for- 
bid, prohibit, interdict, stop. 
Syn. KiNSDZRu, todomuru. 

CH0Jl-AWASB^-7-W,-fa, ^ -V ^ ^ 7 /\ 4s /P, 
tT ^^ ^'^' To consult and agree upon. 
Syn. sooAN szRU. 

ChSjitSZ, -f^^^^i^, ;g 0, (nagaiM), 
n. A long day. 

CH5-Jo,f^t^5^Y»,]HJ:,n. The highest 
point, the summit, top. Yama no — , top 
of a mountain. Syn, iTADAKr, zktch6. 

Cb5ju, f^t^^*^, ^§, n. Long life. 

Cho-jutsz, ^ 3 :?^ )/, # Ji, To write or 
compose a work. 

CH6-KEN,f ^ ^"ry.^j^, n. A long- 
sleeved coat worn by a Kuge* 

Chokibunb, f 3 # r^, ijt 3^ 15, n A 
kind of small river boat. 

Cho-KIRI, f ^ ♦ ^ V , tl -50, Expunging 
the name from the town-register. 

Cho-KIU, -f^r^^^, ^ X, (nagaki hisa> 
shii), A long time, eternal. 

tCHOK:KAN,-fi«rw, f 3 ^ 7^ ^, it «, (ta> 
daci niisamu,) To reprove a superior 
to his face. 

Chokkiyo, -f 3^^^, U j^,n. Imperial 

Chokkura, ^b ^ ^ ^^ ^ adv. Just, 
merely, in a light easy way. — iue kuru, 
will come in a moment. — dask'te miru. 
just look and find it (as a word.) — itte 
miyOy just come and see. Syn. cboito, 
or chotto. 

Choko-CHOKO, ^3 3^ 3 3, adv. Fre- 
quently, often. — mairimasz, to go fre- 
quently. Syn. SHIBA-SHIBA, TABl-TAPI. 

Chokosai, f 3 3-if /f , Vain, affected with 
a smattering of learning, pretending to 
learning. — na yatsz. Syn. koshaku. 

Choku, •f3>5',it, w. a small cup for 
drinking sake. 

Digitized by 


CHO f 

DA f 


ChokU, f 3^, lit, Right, just, upright, 
honest. — na Kto^ an honest man* 

fCHOKtJ, "f 3^5 ^, (mikotonari)^ Impe- 
rial, relating to the Mikado. 

Choku-jo, -fa^r-v^, j|j|j£, Mikado's 

Choku-mbi, f 3^>/J, )Bf ^, n, id. 

Choku-SHI, f 3^^, ii ®, ». Imperial 

Choku-SHO, ^3^J/3,^||,n- Mikado's 

Oho-man, ^■v^^:^;|gij|f, ». Dropsy of 
the abdomen. 

Chombobi, -f- 3 j^iK i; , Same as Choho. A 
dot, speck, the least quantity. Sidzri ni 
mubf wo — irete kudasaiy jnst give me a 
speck of water on this inkstone. 

ChomeI, -t^'^^f, ^ d", (naga^ki), n. 

CbO-mkn, ^^^/y, Kffi} n. An account 
book, register, record-book, ledger. 

CHO-MON,-«ini, ^^^=ty, IK f^y To 
listen to, to attend, (as preaching, a ser- 
mon). Hddan too — szru^ to listen to a 
sermon. Syu. kiru. 

Cho-nai, -f-V^-^/I, IfT P^, (machi no 
uchi)y In the street Kono Kto toatakushi 
no — ni ortmasj this man lives in the 
same street with me. 

tCHO-KAN, f Y^^>/, ^ U, n. Oldest 
son. Syn. chakunan, sORiro. 

Cho-kin 'f'f^^yyKTAj w- Towns-peo- 
ple, citizen of a town, common-people, not 

CHo-BENjHWrw, r^i^yyMi% To drill, 
to parade, to go through military exer- 
cises. Gunzei too — , to drill an army. 
Syn. SORSN, jindatk. 

tCno-BlU, ^3 i; ^, j^ jt, To stand up, 
as if to look at something, to stand on 
tip-toe. Syn. tsztatsz, tszmadatsz. 

Cho-r6, f^ '>•?♦, :g ^, «. The supe- 
rior in a monastery, of the Zen sect of 

CH6-B6,-«jr M, f 'V P ♦ , PiB P#, To make 
sport of, to quiz, to make a fool of, to treat 
with irony ; to mock, ridicule. Tenka no 
— , a laughing- stock to the whole empire. 
Syu. azakbku, guru szru, naburu. 

tCflO-SAi, ^;V-»^>f , jg -^.(toskiwokosz.) 
To be growing old. 


Ch6-sA1-b6, r^-i^/f^iV,n. Afool, dunce. 

IPto wo chosaibo ni szru, to make a fool 

of a person. 
1[GhO'Sakv, -szruy f 3-«f^, 3f f^, To 

write, or make a book. 

fCHO-SAN, + 3 ^-»^ ^'j S; H, n. A holy- 
day on the 3rd day of the 3rd month. 

CHOSEl,-szr'M, ^^'^■t^, ^ ^, (nugai- 
hi,) To live long. 

Ch6-shi, f^'y,^^,n. A metal kettle 
used for warming sake. 

fCHO-SHI, ^^♦^j ^ ^, ^. Eldest child. 

Choshi, r ♦^j 13 •?, w. Tone of voice, 
or of an instrument ; tune, (fig.) spirits, 
Cho-shi kadzre no koye, a voice that does 
not tune with others. Ohd-shi wo hath- 
rcTT^, to be out of tune. Cho-shi wo aw a- 
seru^ to chord, to put in tune* — ga wa- 
ruiy spirits. are bad, to be out of tune. 

CflO-SHlNj-fizrw, 9^yy,MM^ (totono- 
ye szszmuru,) t. v. To prepare and oflfer 
sweetmeats or medicine to a superior. 

Cho-tan, ^^^^y, ^^/naga.mijika,) 
Long and short. 

Ch6-T0, f -^^ ♦ h , :g ^, (naga michi.) n. 
A long journey. 

Ch6-T0, f "V^f, IJ*, adv. Sound or ap- 
pearance of cutting and slashing, same as 

tCHO-TSZGAI, 971fV\L, il #, n. A 

Chotto, -fsyf, — tJ*, a<ft?. A little 
while, a moment, same as Choito* 

Ch6-YA, -f-^'t^r^j ^ :jg^ (nagayoy) n. 
Long night. 

CflO-YAKU, -f^'V^'^, ST 1^5 w. Town 
officers, ward-officers including, Nanushi. 
Toshyori, Kumigashira. 

CliO-YO, ^3^^^,3;^, n. A holy-day 
on the 9th. day of the 9th. month. 

Da, ^, (yed coU. contracted from De aru, 
same as^a of the southern dialects.) It 
is often used as a substitute for a sentence, 
or something understood. Nan-da, what 
is it ? Are wa dare-da^ who is that ? Ma- 
tszri wa itsz da, when is the festival ? Ko- 
re wa nan da^ what is this ? fade da, it is 
a pencil, Sayo da, it is so ? Kiyo wa 
cUszi hi da^ this is a hot day. Sore da ha- 
ra waiakushi iya da^ so then I don't want 
it, or da kara iyada^ (idem*) Da to iiUe 
for datte mo, J sonna warui koto wa deki- 
nai\ even if it be so, I cannot do such a 
wicked thing. Da ga W6, still ; granting 
it to be so ; be it so; be it so, but; Me no 
wairui hodo kurushii koto wa fiai^ there is 
nothing so painful as a eore eye ; daga we, 
ha no itai no mo kurushii se, but tooth- 
ache is quite as painful. 

Digitized by 



DA ^' 

DAI ^ 

Da, ^, IJS;, n. Numeral for a horse-load, 

about 1 50 catties, or 200 pounds. Nimotsz 

ichi da, one horse-load of goods. 
fDABl, ^'t% 3? S» w- Burning the bodies 

of the dead. Dabi wo szru. Dabisho^ 

the place where dead bodies are burned. 

Syn. K%Aso. 
Dachi, ^f , ( a suflSx, derived from Taisz,) 

Tom^-dachi^ a companion, Jchi-mn-dctcht, 

ODe man alone, 
Da-chin, ^i-y, |t ^, n. Fare for 

transportation on horses, or coolies. 
Da-ch6, ^ff7,1^!^,n. The Ostrich. 
Da-da, ^^, , n. Fretftil, petulent, cross, 

as a child, dada wo tu, to fret and whine, 

(as a cross child.) 
DADAKB,-rw,-^a, ^'^iP^ i.v. To fret, 

to be cross, ill-tempered. 

Syn. jiRERu. 

Dadakko, ^^^3, a H>w- a cross, 
fretful child. 

Dai, ^/f, ^, n, A stand, a frame work for 
holding or supporting something else, . a 
pedestal, Chadai^ a cupstand. Shohu-dai^ 
a candle stick. Teppodai, a gun-carriage; 
gun-stock, Fumi-daiy a foot stool. 

Dai, ^'/f , f<5, (yo) w. Age, dynasty, reign, 
generation. Banzai, all generations, 
Always, eternal, Dai-dai, every genera- 
tion, or every dynasty. 

Dai, ^'/f , -^j fshtrojj n. Money given in 
exchange for anything ; cost, price ; vica- 
rious, substitute. Dai wo harau, to pay 
oflf the cost. Wata no dai wo iiketoruy to 
receive the price of cotton. Dai nitatsz^ 
to act as a substitute. 

Dai, ^/f J gj ;j. A theme, text, subject, 
topic. — wo dasz, to propose a theme, 
-ffbwo keahiki wo — ni sKte tUa wo yomu^ 
make a piece of poetry on this landscape. 
Nandaiy a diflScult text 

^^h^^f^, The ordinal prefix, —ichi, 
the first. I>ai-ni-h<m, the second. 

Dai, ^/f , ^j f oMj Large, great, big, 
used mostly in compound words. — goku 
jo no shinaj a thing of the very highest 
quality. — kichi nichi, a most lucky-3ay. 

Dai-ba, ^M ^S 31 ^, n. A fort. — wo 
kidzku, to construct a fort. Odaiha, 

Dai-ben, i^M^-:^, ;/C fi!> «• Feces ex- 
crement. — Bzru^ to go to stool. 
Syn. DAi-YO, Kcso. 

Dai-bun, ^4 ry, i^ ^, adv. Much, to 
a large degree, for the most part. — yo- 
lunatta^ he is much better. — szdzshiku' 
natta^ it is much cooler. 
Syn. roHoi>o, uontondo, szkuburu. 

Dai-CHO, ^><f ^♦, i^ Jl, n, The large 

Dai-dai, ^A^A,^, n. A kind of bitter 

Dai-d6,^M^^,:^^, (ojij n. High- 
way, main-road. 

Daidokoro, ^A V=^v^^,n, a kitch- 

Dai-dz, ^M y, :^ S, »». A kind of large 
white bean. Soja hispida. 

Dai-ga, >^/f ^, :^ f^, Co kam) n. A 

large river. 
Dai-GAKU, ^/f ^^, i^ H, w. The great 

learning, — one of the four books of Con- 


DAI-GAKUBlYO,^/f ;y^lx^, -^ 9^ ^y 

n. Imperial university at Kiyoto. 
Dai-GAWARI, ^A if^\ 1; , f^J ^,n. Change 
of dynasty, reiqrn, or headiship of a family. 
Dai-gi, ^A ^, ^ Tfc, n. The stump, or 

st^m on which a graft is fixed. 
Dai-g6, ^Aif^.^yiyn. The name, or 

title of a book. Syn. oe-dai, hiyo-dai. 
Dai-g'wan, ^A rV ^, ^ IS, (0 negai,) 
n. Prayer, petition, desire. Isshd no — , 
the desire of one's whole life. — wo kake- 
ruy to offer up prayer. Syn. negai. 
Dai-hachi-guruma, ^A^\^ ^P^, )fi 
A^^n. A car, or dray for hauling 
Dai-han-nita, ^A^\yr:^, ^ its ^, 
«. The name of the six hundred Budh. 
sacred books. — kiyo wo tendoku szru, to 
chant these books through, reading only 
a little here and there, at one sitting by 
a general assembly of priests. 
Dai-HITSZ, ^^ h )/, f^ ^, n A secreta- 
ry, amanuensis. 
tDAl-j[, ^/f ^, ® M^, n. The preface of 

a book. Syn. jobun, HAsniGAKr. 
Da1-J[, ^/f^, :^ ^, Important; of con- 
sequence, careful. tkLt-ji-nai, of no im- 
portance. — ni kakeruy to regard with 
care, careful of. — ni.nasare, take care 
of yourself. — na shina de gozarimasz, it is 
a thing of great consequence. 
Syn. TAi-sKTSz. 
Dai-JIN, ^Al^y:kAy «• A rich man. 
Dai-jo-bu, ^'/ft'-r^r, :fe i *, a. 
Strong, firm, solid ; well fortified, able to 
resist, hale, robust, sound in body ; fixed, 
settled ; safe, secure. 
Syn. tasu'ka, shikkaki to shVa. 
Dai-jo-yb, rAl^^^T,:h%'^.n. The 
ceremony of oft'ering rice to the Kami by 
the Teushi, on the first year of bis ascen- 
sion to the throne. 

Digitized by 


DAI y 

DAK if 


Dai-kagura, ^/I tJ^/^, :^ jjl# UI, n. a 

kind of dancing in the street, by a person 
wearing a mask like a lion's head. 

Dai-j6-dai-jin, ^>t ^-v t>^yf j? y, ^ ^ 
:Xc S? A title of the highest rank. 

Dai-KAI, yAi)A,:)^^,n. The ocean. 


Dai-KAN, 3fAijyy^%jn. The period of 
greatest cold, one of the 24th terms, ex- 
tending from about Jan. 21st to Feb. 6th. 

Dai-K1N, ^A^y, f^ ^, 71. Price, yalue, 
money paid in exchange for goods. 

Dai-KOKU, yA=^^,%^yn. The mis- 
tress of a priest. 

Dai-koku-bashira, ^A 3^^^^^^, ^ ;g 
^, «. The large pillar in the centre of a 

Dai-koku-dbn, ^/t^i^r^, 3^ II % 
n. The god of wealth. Fvku no kami. 

Dai-KON, ^'f 3 :^, ;;^ ;g, w. a kind of 
large radish. Kaphanus sativus. 

Daiku, ^/l ^, :fc Xj «• A carpenter. Ih- 
luhdaihi, a ship builder. Ftme no — , a 
ship's carpenter. 

Dai-k'wan, ^ /I ^ 7 ^, fS 1^, w. a 
lieutenant, or deputy officer, who superin- 
tends the affairs of an estate or fief be- 
longing to his master. 

Dai-miyo, ^/f > ^1^, •*; ig, «. A feudal 
chief, a baron, a noble. 

Dai-MOKU, ^A^^,^ @, «. The name, 
or title of a book. 

Daimon, ^A^yj :f^i^j tu a kind of 
coat worn by nobles. 

Dai-motsz, ^/J^^, f^ ^, n. Money 
given in exchange for goods. — toa ikura^ 
what is the price ? 

DAI-NAGON,i^/f-^a^i^,p^ j^ -g-, n. The 
title of a rank of nobility. 

Dai-nan, ^4-^^, :^ |^, (owazawa^)n. 
Great calamity. 

Dainashi, ^/f-^^^, %^,adi\ Spoiled, 
out of order, disordered, dirty. — ni na- 
ru, to be spoiled. Kimonn ga — ni funi- 
hmaUa^ the garment is old and spoiled. 
Syn. MUCHA-KuciiA. 

Dai-6, ^AV^.^^^n. Rhubarb. 

Daibi, iJ^^ i; ^, S, w. The palace of the 
Mikado. Syn. kin-ri, kin-chiit. 

Dai-biki, ^A V =^, :k ijy (o-cJiilcara.) 
Powerful, great strength. Syn. goriki. 

Dai-riy6, ^Mi^^, f^ i^,«. Money given 
in exchange for goods, price, cost. 


Dai-San, yA-^y,i^ ^, (hawari ni mai- 
ru. To visit a temple by proxy. 

Dai-Sh6, ^A^^, ^ ij%, Large and 
small, long and short. — wo sasz, to wear 
the long and short sword. TsTJki no — , 
the long and short months. 

Dai-so-j6, ^ /f V ♦ -^^ ^, 3R: ft jE, 
n. The title of the highest grade in the 
Buddhist priesthood, an Arch-bishop. 

Dai-SZ, ^A ^, ^ ■?, n. A stand with a 
fiimace used in making tea.. 

Dai-tan, ^A^y, ^ Jt, (kimonoftoi) 
Great courage, courageous; bold, impu- 

Dai-zai, ^A^A, ^ p, (dinaru tszmi.) 
Great crime. — niti, a great offender. 

Da-jaku, ^'i^^^, tl ^? Infirm, or weak 
in body, and unable to attend to business, 
invalid. — nite yakunitatanu, being weak 
and sickly he is of no use. 


DAKARE,-rw,-^a, ^^i>;u, (pass, of Da- 

ku)y to be held in the arms. 
DAKAYB,-rw,-^a, ^^^;w, IS, t.v. To 

hold in the arms, to embrace, to hug. 

Oya ga Jcodomo wo — , the parent carries 

the child in the arms. 

Syn. kakayeru, idakxt. 
Dakayb, ^ij^, %^, An armful. JETto 

— hodo no ki, an armfhl of wood. 
DakB, ^'>$r, ^, n. Much, quantity. Ebre 

— , so much. I)ore — , how much ? Ari 

— , all there are. Syn. hodo, gtjraI. 
T)AKl,^ku,-ita,y^,%, t.v. To hold in 

the arms, to embrace, to hug. Kodomo 

wo fHokoro ni dakii, to carry a child in 

the bosom. 
DAKi-Ai,-a2^,-af^a, ^^77, i^ ^, i. v. 

To embrace each other. 
DAKl-KAKAYB,-rtt,-ia, ^^ijij^jV^ <^ 

|&, Uv. To embrace, to hold in the arms. 

DAKl-K0MI,-7/ZW,-«rfa, ^+3i*, %Mi 
t.v. To carry into, to gain over to one's 
party or interest ; to make friends of; to 
subsidize. Afai-nai wo motte ICto too dahi- 
homuy to gain over a person with bribes. 

DAKl-0K0SHl,-S2,-s/i'^a,^ ^r yt =^ ^ y i^i&y 

t.v. To lift up in the anns. 
DAKl-SHlMB,-r«,-^w, ^'^2^^;^, |g^, 

t.v. To hug tightly. 
DAKl'T8ZKl,-Jctl,-^ta, ^# V'^ , 16 ^, t.v. 

To cling to with the arms, to hu^ up to. 

Kodonio wa oya ni dahi-tszha^ tlie child 

dings to its parent. 
Dakiu, y^^, ir^i, «. A game of ball 

played on horseback. — wo szru, to play 

the above game. — saji, a pole armed 

with a net with which the ball is caught. 
Dakku, ^':/a^, JKBI,^- Prolapsus ani. 

Digitized by 



DAN ^ 

DAN if 

Daku, ^'^, See DM. 

Daku-boku, >^^>f'^, |2| jUJ, cwfr. Full 
of ups and downs, or hills and hollows, 
uneven. MicM ga — sKte arukarenu, the 
road is so uneven it can't be traveled. 


tDAKu,-s2rw, ^^ , It, To assent, consent, 
to answer, or respond to a call. 


DAMARi,-?n^,-a^^a,^-T;w, U, i,v. To be 
silent, still, not to speak. Damatte tru, 
to be silent. Damatte ita kudasare, please 
say nothing about it. Damare, be still. 


Damabi, -^'^ y , gK, n. Silence, without 
speaking. — de szru, to do anything 
without telling. — no makUj a theatrical 
scene where the actors are silent. — de 
kihu, to hear in silence. 

DAMAsABB,-rw,-^a, ^ ^ -^M^ ;^, Sfc ^) 
(pass, of Damasz). To be deceived, 
cheated, &c. 

DK}&ism,-sz,-8hHa, if^^^ ^, ^.t?. To 
cheat, hoax, take-in, deceive, circumvent. 
ffto wo damash'te hane wo toruy to cheat 
a man out of his money. Kttszne wa Kto 
wo damasz mono da^ the fox is an animal 
which deceives men. 

DAMASHl-KOMl,-7?l2^,-7lrfa, ^^1/ a J>.^ 

Jk I8> ^'^' To take in, cheat, over-reach, 

DAMA8HI-T0RI,-rw,-«a, ^ ^ x' f ;Pj ^ 

^, t.v. To take by cheating. 
Dame, ^/,%U, Vain, useless. Kmzn 

wo nomasKte mo — da, it is useless to 

take medicine. Syn. muda. 
Dam'ma,^'^^, Uk ,||, «. A pack-horse. 
Dammari, ^' :^-t y , ( Yed coU. £or Daman). 
Dammatszma, ^y^^;^'^, Bf 5N M» »• 

Articulo mortis, hour of death. (Bud). 

Syn MATSzoo, rimmiyoju, rinju. 
Dammbtsz, r ^^ i/, Blf ^. To destroy. 
Damo, ^^. Same as demo, saye, 
Dampan, ^'y^^y^ |'^ ^, n. Conference 

on a serious or important subject, con- 
sultation, dehberation. 


Dampo, dfy.^^, fli ^, n. The parish- 
ioners of a temple. 


Dan, ^ y^ g, n. A step, a raised plat- 
form, Hashigo no — , the steps of a 
staircase or ladder. — too Jcidszku, to 
throw up a i)latform, (of dirt or stones). 
Ihdsz'dan, an altar. 

Dan, ^' >, |g, n. Grade, rank, step, 
a section of a book, an act, or play in a 
theatre, thing or affair, subject. Kono 

— no kokoro toa, the meaning of this 
section. — ga chigat, of different grades. 
Ichi'dan, one act, &c., also completely, 

Dan-BIBA, ^'^t'^, ^ 7J, ». A broad 

Dan -DAN, ifyiiry^ g^ g, adv. S<ep by 
step, gradually, by degrees. — te ga agaru, 
gradually becomes a better hand at, 

Syn. 01-01, SHIDAI-SHIDAI NI. 

Dan-DABA, ^:^^^, n. Striped crosswise, 
marked or cut across in sections, irregular. 

— no hata, a flag with cross stirpes. — 
ni someruy dyed with cross stripes. — ht- 
yoshi, irregular sounds, loud and soft. 

Danszbu, ^y^)V. See DanjL 
Dan-gi, ^y^, 13^^, n. Preaching, a 

sermon by a Buddhist priest of the Mon- 

to sect. — wo ktku, to listen to a sermon. 

Sieta no naga — . the long sermon of a 

tyro. Syn. seppo, hodan, koshakd. 
Dango, iry:f, H -f , n. A dumpling. 
Dani, ^-, ;f; M»> w- A dog-tick. 
Dani, ^;i, Ijk ^, n. Goods carried by a 

Dani, ^:i, ad/c Even, only, as much as, 

Nani kotayen kotoha — naku^ had not even 

a word to answer. Oto — shedz, not 

making even a sound. 

Syn. saye, demo. 
DANJi,-rM,-^a, ^':^^;i-||{J, i. v. To 

speak, talk, say. danji moshitai koto ga 

aru, I have something I should like to 

say. Syn. hanasz. sodan. 
Dan-JIKI, ^yi>^j Hf ^, n. Fasting, 

abstaining from food. — wo szruy to fast. 
Danjiri, ^y^\),n. An ornamented car 

drawn by oxen or men, at festivals. 

Syn. DASHi. 
Dan-KE, ^yir,^^,n. The parishioners, 

or supporters of a temple. 
Dan-K1, ^^^, B$ ^, n. Warm weather. 


tDAN-KiN, ^y^y,f$[^, (kamwQ kiru.) 
— no majiwarij strongest friendship. 

Dan-k6, ^yjiJ, 1'^ ^.(hanasUai,) To 
talk together, consult about. 
Syn. sO-DAN. 

Danna, ^ ^-h, 3H[ US, n. The parishioners 
of a temple. Master. Omaye no — wa da- 
re kuj whose servant are you ? — sanut, 
(respectful) master. 


Danxa-dera, ^y-rfy, ^M ^y ^^ 

Digitized by 



DAR ^ 

DAT ^ 


The temple of which a person is a pariah- 

IDan-otsz, ^yi^'^y ^ g, (same as 

Dan-RIN, ^>9 ^, 3g[ tf^, ». A Buddhist 

Dan-zai, ^^^-iT'i , K IP, (KirurUzmL) n. 
Capital punishment. — ni okomu, to 
punish with decapitation. 

Dan-zetsz, ^:^-tfy, K ]^, To cut off, 
destroy. Ka-mei too — szru to cut off the 

' family name. 

Dara-DABa, ^-9^:?, fl^r. In a slow slug- 
gish manner. Chi ga — to nagareru, the 
blood flows in a sluggish current. 

DARAKE,-ra,-^a, ^:?»;^, t. v. To he 
languid, dull, sluggish, drooping, indis- 
pofi«d to exertion. Ktyd wa atszktde hara- 
da ga daraketa^ to day it is so hot I feel 
languid. Baraketa nariy a languid manner. 


DarakB, ^f^, Used only in composition 
with nouns,== covered with, filled with; 
smeared with. Kao ga eznii-darake da^ 
face is smeared over with ink. Te ga cki- 
daraks ni natta^ hands are covered with 
blood. Kimi u>a akunm-^rake da, the 
country is filled with bad men. Tama- 
darake, mountainous. Syn. MABUaE. 

Daraku, ^f^,^^, (ochiru.) — wrw, 
to fall, to fall away, to apostatize. 
(Budd.) Jigohi ni — nru^ to fall into 
hell. Baraku-so, an apostate priest. 
Syn. GBN-zoKU. 

Darani, ^^^, ^BJ^, n. A Bud- 
dhist sacred book written in the Pali 

Daraitiszkb, or Daraszke, ^fn^^, 
pg JH ^ ^, n. A kind of bitter medi- 

DARE,-rM,-<a, ^l^;^, jSi, i.v. (coll. same 
as Tareru.) To fall in price. Wataim 
sdiosht daretUj cotton has fallen a little. 
Kome-wha mo chdtto dare-kuehi da^ the price 
of rice has begun to fall a little. 
Syn. sAGARtJ. 

Dare, ^ly, ^, (same as Tare.) pro. 
Who. — ga itasK'ta, who did it ? — nite 
mo, or Bare-demo, any body, every-body, 
whoever. Soko ni iru no wa dare da, who 
is in there. — mo shitta mono wa nai, no 
body knows it, or I don't know anybody. 
Kore wa^-nohonda, whose book is this ? 
— ni yctri masho ka^ to whom shall I give 
it? Syn. NANi-BiTO. 

DaruIj-KIj-SHI, ^;u>f, «• Languid, 
sluggish, dull, heavy, lifeless, weak and 
indisposed to exertion. 

DaRUKU, ^i^^ ^ ado. idem. Saru-saki wa 
harada ga dartikunaru, in the latter part 
of spring the body becomes languid. 


DaruMA, ^'/L--^, ^ ^. n. A follower of 
Shaka, and teacher of Buddhism in China. 

DaruMAKI, ^fi^-r^, ^ ^ ,gv w. A fes- 
tival in honor of Daruma on the 5 th day 
of the 10th month. 

DARUMi,-mu,-7ida, ^/i^-fe, g|fe, i. v. To 
be slack, relaxed, loose, drooping; negli- 
gent) remiss. Me no hawa ga darumu, the 
skin of the eyelid is relaxed. Toko no ito 
ga danmda, the kite-string is slack. 
Syn. KUrEzROGU, yurumu. 

DaSHI, ^5^, n. Flavoring for soup. Katsz- 
obushi no dashi, a sauce made of dried fish. 

DaSHI, ^'5^, m ]^, n. An ornamented car 
drawn at festivals. Same as Ban/iri. 

Dashi, ^>^, fg, n. Pretext, pretence, ex- 
cuse. — ni szru, to do on pretence. 


DASHi,-s%,-<a, ^^ , til, t. r. To put out, 
take out, drive out, bring out, lead out. to 
cause to go out. Cha wo dose, bring in 
the tea. BasKU miru, to take out and look. 
Kane wo da^Kte kau, to pay out money 
and buy. Boga ga arvki-dasKta, the child 
has begun to walk. Medzrashii koto 
kiki'dash'ta, I have heard (found out by 
hearing) a strange thi^g. Jiwo mi-dash'ta, 
I have found the word. Mise wo dasz, to 
set up a new store. Syn. ipasz. 

DaSHI-AIj >^^rh, \ii^,^' Paying 
out together, investing in shares. Ikura 
dztsz no — de kono mise wo o dashi- 
nasatta, how much capital has each person 
invested in this store ? 

Dashi-1re, ^'yA t/, ffi i^, w. Expendi- 
tures and receipts; the taking out and 
putting in. Kane no — ga oi, to take in 
and pay out a great deal of money. 

Dashi-nuke-ni, ^}/^i=., ffi ^, ado. 
Suddenly, by surprise, unexpectedly. — 
Kto wo tatahi, to suddenly strike a person, 
so as to make him start. 


DASHi-NUKi,-fcw,-ifa, ^yji^^m^, t.V. 

To play a trick on, to evade, dodge away ; 

to circumvent. Syn. hadzsz. 
Dasso, ^ *>/ y , JK ^, w. Gangrene of tho 


Datat, ^^4, K fl^? ^- Abortion, — sz- 
rii, to cause abort on. — ?w luszri, medi- 
cines which cause abortion. 
Syn. Ko wo ouosz. 

Date^ ^'f ; fit ^j n. Ornament, tinsel, 

Digitized by 




DEB f 

DEK f 

fiuery, — wo szru, to adorn, decorate. 
— otoko^ a fop. — dogii^ articles carried in 
the train of Daimio's for shew and orna- 
ment merely. — moyo, decorated with 
gay figures (as a dress). — na, gay, 
gaudy. Syn. hade. 

Date-sha, ^'f^^, 16 ^ ^, n. One 
fond of wearing finery, a fop. 

Dayui, ^^ A , same as Darui, 

tDA-uN% ^^'y, 31 ^, «. A letter. — 
kudasare arigatahi zonji soro, many 
thanks for your letter. 

De, r, Post-pos. expressing the cause, 
manner or instrument, the place, or time, 
and sometimes answering to the sub. verb. 
With, by, at, of, in. Te de btUsz^ strike 
with the hand. Fude de kakuy to write 
with a pen. Fune de yvku^ to go by ship. 
SHori de aru, to be by one's self, (to be 
alone,) Yedo de koshirayeru^ made at Yedo, 
Take de koshirayeru, made of bamboo, Bo- 
mari de yuku. went without speaking, or 
in silence. Kore wa ncm de aru, what is 
this ? Kami de aru^ it is paper. Sayo de 
gozarimasz^ yes, it is so. Bo de goza/rimatz^ 
how is it ? Syn. kite, ni, wo-motte. 

De, r , ^j a neg. suffix; contraction <yidzte 
or di sVte. Shirade ka7mwanu, must know. 
Te mofurede okuy to let be and not touch 
it. Mono wo mo iwade niye-usetari, without 
saying a word he disappeared 

DE,-n^,-^a, 7>5 m, hv. To go out, 
issue-forth, proceed from ; to arise, appear, 
tichi kara dete yvku^ to go out of the house. 
Date-koi, come out. Deta^ or dema$hHa^ 
has gone out- Hi ga deta, the sun has 
risen. Hoki-boshi ga deta^ a comet has 
appeared, *M'ma^a deru^ to be out of em- 
ployment. Toi chiye ga deta^ has shown 
great wisdom. Ka ga deta, the musquitoes 
have come, Ki no me ga deta^ the buds 
have sprouted. Syn. deru, idzru. 

DEAl,-a2^-a^^a, 7 77 ^ ffi #, i.v. To 
meet while out, to meet with. Michi de 
deatta, to meet in the road- Deaigashira 
ni atama wo utsz, to bump heads just on 
going out. Kaijo nite nampU ni de-ai^ 
met with adverse winds at sea. 

Deba, r^<', MMjn. Projecting teeth. 

Deba, f^<, tiijfj,n, A kitchen-knife. . 

Debana, f^s'-^j tb tj,n. The period of 
greatest perfection, Cha no debana^ that 
point in making an infusion of tea when 
it is best. Midz no debana^ the highest 
point of a flood of water. 

DEBARi,-n^,-f^a, r^<7i-, [fj ^,i.v. To 
leave home and attend on business, or 
duty at gome fixed place. Kenjutszsht 

tzki roh^ai ni dojo ye debarUj the teacher 
of the sword exercise six times in a month 
attends at the gymnasium. Bansho ye 
deharuy to attend at the police station. 
JDe-bari no i^ha, a physician who has regu- 
lar places away from home for prescribmg 
for the sick. Syn. shut-cho szku. 

De-beso, t^-c y , ^ iPf, «. Projecting na- 
vel, umbilical hernia. 

De-bitai, 7"^^^ t, (i{ fg, «. Projecting 

DE-cHiGAi,-att,-a^^a, f^if7^ ffi ^, 
t. r. To miss by going out ; to be out 
when another calls, and so miss seeing. 

De-dana, f^^, til j^, n. A shop in 
another place, a branch-shop. 

Dkdemusbi, ffi^^/y Mi 4? *»• A snail 

Degibe, 7^\y, ffi •©, w. Scraps of cloth 
left after cutting. 

De-h6dai, f^\^itA, Hi ]K jS, «^- 
Speaking off-hand; at random, without re- 
flection, — ni iuy to speak at random. 


tDEl, fAy ilg, (dcyro,) n. Mud. — chiu 
no hachisz no gotoku^ like a lotus flower 
growing in the mud, (^fig.J of one who 
rises to high honor from a mean origin. 

Dei-dbi, r^ fAj n, A class of people 
of very low grade, who make their living, 
the men by mending shoes, the women, by 
playing the guitar in the streets, the same 
as ffi-ntn, 

De-1r1, r4\)y m A, n. Going out and 
in, expenses and receipts ; a dispute, suit 
at law. Kane no — ga dij the income and 
expenditures are large. — ga aru, to 
have a dispute. De-iriguchiy a door, com- 
mon passage way. 

Dei-to, tM h , ^ ±, (doro UzchiJ «. 
Mud and clay. 

Dfi-JiRO, fi> p, lii jjg, n. An out-castle, 
one besides the main-castle erected in an- 
other place. 

D£-KAKARi,-rw,-^^a, f'ijij)^, Hi », 
i.v. Ready, or about to go out. De- 
kakatte oru \ara noch*hodo o me ni kakari^ 
mashoy as I am about to go out I will see 
you by and by. 

DE-KASHi,-52,-^a, T^;^, Hi JJ$, <.r. To 
cause to do ; mostly used in the perfect 
tense and implying surprise.) Kore wa 
de-kusKtay how well you have done it I 
Tonda koto de^kashHa, done a bad business. 
Bekaehigaoj proud or puffed up with suc- 
cess, boastful. 

De-kasegi, T^-fe*, aj tt, n. Business, 
or employment away from home. — nt 
ytd'ti, to go away from home to work. 

Digitized by 



DEN f 


De-KAWARI, tF^>\\), [f{ ^, «. Change 
in going out to service ; doing duty m 
the place of one whose time has expired. 

— w> maye, before one's time of service is 
up. — ffa ktnrUy time of service is up. Shi- 
hai no — , the exchange of play actors 
from one theatre to another. 

DBKi,-n*Ha, r *;^, [ij ^, tr. To do, 
make, finish ; can, able. Bekiru-ha dekinu- 
ia, can you do it, or not ? Dekinai^ can't. 
Dekmeba dekmahtie mo yoi^ if you can't do 
it, never mind. lye ga dektta, the house 
is finished. Ko toshi wa home ga yoku de- 
kita, this year the rice has done well. 
Are wa yoku dek'ta Kto da, that is an 
an accomplished man. Nehuto ga delcta, 
have got a boil Kbga dek'ta, has brought- 
forth a child. Syn. shuttai szru, jo-ju 
szRtJ, Szru, itasz, nasz. 

Dbki, r *, Uj 2jS, «. The product; what 
is done, or finished. — ga tcarui) it is 
badly made, or done. JSTome no — ga yoi\ 
the rice crop is good. Shigoto no — wa 
dt\ the work done is great. JDekifudehi ga 
aru, some times (the crop is) good, some 
times bad; good and bad. — shidai 
mottekoiy bring it as soon as it is done. 

t. V. To be ready made, at hand, on hand. 
Sai-wai dekiatta shtna ga gozarimasz, for- 
tunately I have one ready made. 
DeK1-ai, r ^ r t, «. Ready made articles. 

— de gozen wo daszj to set out just such 
food as there is at hand. — no h'mono, 
ready-made clothing. — no Uzhiye goza- 
rimasz ka, have you any tables ready- 
made ? Syn. MA-xi-Ai. ari-ai. 

Deki-bugen, r^ ryy, ||;g, n. Riches 

acquired suddenly. 
Deki-GOKORO, r^:jr=^v, Hi 35J5 >5, w. 

Sudden notion, or fancy, sudden desire. 

Fiito sKta — de Uzi warui koto itashi- 

mash'taj seized with a sudden notion I 

did wrong. 
Deki-MONO, r ^^7, 5^ ®, w. A sore, an 

ulcer. — ga dek^ta^ I have ad ulcer, it 

has ulcerated. 
Deki-SH1, r^'y,^ 5E, «. Drowned. Ke- 

$a Kto ga — shHa, this morning there was 

a man drowned. 


DEKI-SOKONAl,-att,-a^^O, r + V 3 -)- h, 
tfj 3j^ i§> ^' V' To be spoiled, or injured 
in making ; to be badly made. Kore wa 
deki-sokonai da kara tada agemasz^ as this 
is badly made I will not charge for it. 

Deko, f^n, /t: jK A, «• A puppet with 
a large projecting forehead. 

f. f}. To meet unexpectedly. 
De-maru, r -^/^, ^Ij %,, n, A fortress, or 

castle in another place, separate from the 

principal one. 
DbhBATA, r ^^^'^j ffl ^BB; n. Rice and 

wheat fields. 
Dembo, r >'^^^y A low-fellow who pushes 

into theatres and baih-houses without 

paying. Syn. aota. 
Dembu, r ^/, ». Kind of food, made of 


Dembu- YA-jiN, f ^/^i^^, ffl ^g^A, 
n. A rustic, a clownish, ignorant fellow. 

Dem-BUN, r yry, % ^l, (tsztayetekiku.) 
To know by hearsay, to hear from others, 
a report. — de wa jmetsz ga shire mi\ 
knowing merely by report, I am not sure 
of it. 

Deme, 7-V , B? @ , «. Projecting eyes. 

De-MISB. f I -k, tL' j^, n. A branch 

Dbmo, r ^, (de, and mo,) conj. Either, or, 
whether, even if, soever. Found in com- 
pounds, as in Nandemo Itszdemo, Bochka- 
denw^ Baredeinoj (which see.) Inu demo 
neko demo niwatori wo torn ka shiranu, I 
don't know whether it was a dog or cat 
which took the fowl Ame demo furu ka 
shiranu. I don't know whether it will 
rain. Yuki detno furaneba yoi ga^ it would 
be better if it did not snow. Uso demo itte 
damash'te taru ga yoi, if it is even by 
lying, better cheat him out of it. Sore de- 
mo iya da, I won't even for that. Nedzmi 
demo htta so da, it looks as if a rat had 
taken it. cha demo agare, take some tea, 
(implying there is nothing else.) Yama 
ye detno agatte miyo ka. I think I will «ro 
up the hills and look about. Tiiku to de- 
mo yiikanat to demo o t yo, say whether 
you will go or not, (it don't matter which.) 

tDEM-ro, r >'^*, ffl li, w. Fields. 

Dem-PO, r ^^^•♦, U ii, n. Traditional 
religious rites, doctrines, or rules. 

Dem-po, ry^<^, ^ ii, n. A medical re- 
ceipt received from another. 

Dem-pu, fyf, ffl :^, w. A farmer, lui.s 
bandman. Syn. ii'yak'siio. 

De-MUKAI, TJ*ij\L, MJ jfg, 71. Going out 
to welcome in a guest, going out to meet. 
— 7ii yuku, to go out lo receive a friend. 

Den, fy, j|f, (tsztayej n, A record, his- 
tory, rules, precepts, or doctrines, trans- 
mitted and received through others. 

Den, fy, IB, (ta.)n. Rice-fieM — />/;o, 
one field. 

Digitized by 



DER f 


De-na, Denasai, or Denasarb, :f-^, 
The coll. imper. of Deru. 

Den-chiu, r ^f '^j jR 4"? «• The dwel- 
ling place of the Shogun, the Palace. 

Den-GAKU, fyif^^ P3 |JI» w. A kind of 
food made of baked tofu, also a kind of 
ancient theatre now obsolete. 

Den-GO.v, f'yzfy^ f$ ■^-, (hztayeru ho- 
toha). n. Word, verbal message, trans- 
mitted from one person to another, — 
wo ukeru, .to be informed of, or receive a 
message. Go dengon ludasaru heku soro^ 
please inform others 8yn. kotodztk. 

Denji, f >f', pg \^, «. Rice-field, a farm, 
plantation. % 

Den- JO, T^:?-V'^, IK Jtj «. The Mika- 
do's audience chamber. 

Db.v-ju, fy-^zj.^ \%^y (ts%ia!/e sadzku), 
n. Teaching, instruction, or precepts 
transmitted. — szru. to instruct, teach, 

— tco vkeruy to receive instruction. 
Den-KA, fyij, P3 ^, w. A farm-house. 
Den-KA, fyij.SSi^, n. The servants, 

or ministers of the Mikado. 
Den-K1, f'y*, f$l&7 (tsztaj/e sht'rusz), 
n. Records, hibtory, chronicle. 2h'a no 

— ni kuwashihi noshete ai-u^ it is minutely 
related in the records of the temple. 

tDEN-K'WA, ry^V,%^Ki'^' Lightning. 


Den-UAI, f'>'^xf, f|: 35fJ, {tsztaye-kitaru), 
Transmitted; handed down, come down 
by tradition. Sen-so yori d^nrai no hoken, 
a valuable sword come-down from one's 

Den-SETSz, fyt^^, f# iftj (Uztaye-bana- 
sht), n, A story, saying or report, trans- 
mitted from one to another. — nite hiki- 
mash'ta, know it only by report. 

tDEX-ZEM-BlYO, fy^Lyh'^^, i^^^, 
n. A hereditary disease, contagious dis- 

tDEN-SF:N,-.<?2rw, f y ^1 y, f# ^., To 
transmit disease from one to another, to 
infect with disease. 

tDEN-SHA, ryy^, H ^, n. A farm 
house ; the country. 

Dex-so, r^V, ID ffl, w. nice tax paid 
by farmers. 

DEN.TAT^z,-5Z7-?f, r y ^ i, % iS, To 
deliver a mcs-sage. 

DERAnE,-?'//,-/(/, fy\y)^^ Igi Wa, pass of 

Dero, r'P; fa vulgar coll. imp. of Dent) 
Get out, go out. 

Deho, ff ♦, coll. fnt, or dub. of Dem, T 
bhull go out, or, I think T shall go out. 

Deru, r;^, (see Be.) 

De-SAKARI, r-^ij^), tii Sj«- The time 
of being out in greatest numbers. TcUsz 
dohi ni Kto no — , the greatest concourse, 
of people is at two o'clock. Hozo ga 
— , the height of the eruption of small- 
pox. , 

DESHBARl,-?'W,-</a, r'y^^<Ji^i t. V. To 
rudely interrupt others while talking, to 
obtrude, or interfere in speaking. Tema- 
ye no deskabaru ni wa oyobanaiy there 
is no need of your interference. 


Desbi, r ^, ^ -f > w. A pupil, scholar, 
disciple, learner. — domo^ pupils. 


Deshi-hobai, r'^t^'f/^^A , I^ P^, n. Fel- 
low-pupils, school-mates. 

De8H1-1R1, r^/f V, A PI, (niumoTiJn. 
Entering as a pupil, becoming a disciple. 

— wo szru, to enter as a pupil. — no 
sha-yiy tuition fee. 

Deshi-kiyodai, r's^^r^^^M, ^ ^f^, 

n. Pupils of the same teacher. 
Deso, f-^^^n. The appearance of going 

out, looks J ike going out. Kaze ga deso- 

na tenki^ it looks as if it would blow. 
DE-S0BOi,-o,-(}/a, r V ^ 7 , tU iw, *• «'• 

To come out fully, every one to appear. 

Hoso ga de-sdrdta^ the small pox eruption 

is fully out. 
DE-szGi,-rw,-fa, f^ =^/^, lU >B, ». v. To 

interrupt, to meddle, interfere; to intrude, 

— mono^ a meddler, intruder. 
Syn. DRsnABAuir. 

DE-TACHl,-iif2,-^^a, r^ V', 111 jfc, t. r. 
To start out, to start off, to set out. Kesa 
mutsz dol'o ni detachi^maskHa^ he started 
at 6 o'clock this morning. Syn. shuttatj^z, 


Detakame, r ^ 7 /^ , n. Speaking at ran- 
dom, saying anything that comes fii-st 
without reflection, — wo iUj id. 
Syn. DBr'ODAi. 

Dkt-chi, r '/f , >J> jJK, n. A shop boy. 

Deyojo, f-^^l^^^y in ^ dlljW Leav- 
ing home on account of health, — szru^ to 
go abroad for health. 

De-YU, f^, im llr ^^ tlot springs. 


Do, K, J^, n. A degree in geometry, or 
division of a thermometer, right or just 
measure. wo hoLarii, to count the 

degrees. Kon-nichi no afszsa iku do^ 
how higli is the thermometer to day? 

— wo szgiru^ to exceed the proper 
degree In-shokn no do nakij no re- 
gular times for eating and drinking. Ic/ii 

Digitized by 



DOCx b- 

do. once, Maido, often. Mu do^ how often? 
Ikh-djo^ frequently. — wo ushinau^ to 
lose presence of mind, or to be discon- 
certed. Syn. TABi. 

D^j y^A%'^ The trunk, the body, that 
part of a coat of mail which covers the 
trunk. — no ma^ the middle part of 
a ship between the fore and mizzen 

Do, ^♦j 5E, (michi,) n. A road, way, 
virtue, reason, docti-ine, principle, truth, 
used only in comp. words. 

Do, ^♦j ^j n. A temple, public hall, a 

^^} K ♦ , ^ , (dkagane,) n. Copper. 

Do, K^, 1^, (onc^i^) Alike, the same, 
together. — jitssi, ^ , same day. — 
nen, [^ ^, same year. —getsZy |^ ^, 
same month. — cho^ (^ JfXj same street. 

— butsz, 1^ ^, same thing, alike. 

Do, K ^ , {adv.) How, in what manner, 
for what reason, by what cause, in what 
state, why, what. — $zru de aro zo, what 
will become of him? or, what will he 
do? or, why are you making that? 
Usaburo — sKte iru ka, how is Usahiro 
doing? — sA'to, how was it done ? how was 
it? where is it? — sKtara yoharoy how 
had I better do? — demo yoi, anyhow 
will do. — nari tomo itashtmashoy how- 
ever it may be I will do it. — shiyoy 
what shall I do ? or, how shall I do? — 
9h*ie mo dekinai, do what I may I can't 
do it. KtyO wa — sh'te konaij why don't 
he come to day ? — sh'ta mono de aro ka, 
or, — dardka^ what had I better do? — 
shLte mite mo omoshiroku nai, let me try 
what I will, it is disagreeable. — sh'ta 
koto yaramune ga ttai, how did I come by 
this pain in the breast ? — de gozarimasz, 

— deszyOX — da, how is it?, (in meet- 
ing) what's the news? or how are you? 

— da ka ohotszkanai, I am doubtful about 
the result. — iu wake, for what reason. — 
iu k'to, what kind of a man. — mo, how ! 

— mo miyo da, how beautiful! — mo ski- 
yd ga nai, there is no help at alL — mo 
miye nai, can't see it at all. — ka. and — 
zo, (^beseechinp, intreating, desiring,^ 
please, I pray, 1 wish. — ka taszkefai mo- 
no da, I pray you to help me. — ka yoi 
kufu ga ariso na mono da, I wish I knew 
some good plan. — zo kashHe kudasare^ 
please lend me. — ka koka deJci-agatta, I 
have at last some how or other flni.shcd. 

— yara koyara (idem,) 


tDoBA, K^^^ M «^5 ^- -A- useless horse. 

D6-BACHI, K^^^f, |^i;|:, n. A copper 

D6-BAN, ^'♦^^e:^, ^ #, n. The keeper 
of a temple. 

Do-BASHl, y ^<!y, ± ^, «• A bridge the 
floor of which is of earth. 

DoBI, Kk', ^ li, » The white rose. 

Do-BlN, K k' y, i j^, w. An earthen tea- 

Do-b6, K^^^,m. An inferior servant of 
the Sho-gun. 

Do-BOKU, K^'f'^, it ^, n, A servant 

DoBU, K/, ^^, n. A ditch, trench, 

DOBU-DOBU, K 7* K /, adv. The sound 
made by a liquid flowing from a bottle, 
or of a small thing falling into water. 

D6-BUKU, ^'^ r>^, Jt JIK, n. A kind of 
coat worn by retired persons. 

Do-BURUI, Y^r)^A,M ^^ ^' Shiver- 
ing, trembling. — ga szru, to tremble. 

DOBUTSZ, K/^', «. A fat and silly person. 

tD6-BUT8z, V^T^y, ^ Hfj, (ugokumono). 
n. Things that have life and motion. 

tDocHl, K^^f , ;ft #, n. A child, a young 
person under 10 years. Syn, warambe, 


DOCHIRA , K -f f , jpj Jife , pro. Where, which. 

— ye ittaka shire nai, I don't know where 
he has gone. — kara oide nasatta, where 
have you come from? — ni i-nasaru, 
where do you live ? — ga yoi, which is 
the best ? — demo yoroshii^ either will do. 

— mo yoroshii, they are both good. 


D6-CH1U, ^ ♦ f ^ , ^ 4* , «. In the road, 

while on a journey, while traveling. 
DODAI, K^'/f , ± i, n. The foundation 

sill of a house. 
D6-DAN, K^^'A^, ig df, A word useil 

to save repetition, ditto. Mlgi — , same 

as before, 
J)b-Jio,-szrit, K^^'^, |p1 ^, To travel 

together, to go toi^ether. Gor — moshi- 

masz, I will go with you. 
DODOITSZ, K K/f ^, IP ^ — , 7i. A kind 

of song. 
Do-do-to, V^V^, adv. The sound of 

rushing water, or wind. Midz — hibika^ 

the rushing sound of Avater. 
tDo-FU, K7^, i JH, n. Local customs, 

or manners. 
Do-GAKU, V^if^, f^I J^, Learning, or 

studying together with the same teacher. 
Do-GAKE, Y^iJ'zi; ^ ^, n. The metal 

bands around a sword scabbard. 

Digitized by 





DoGi, K^ :3f, jg g, 7j. A corset, or short \ 

jacket worn iuside of the other clothes. 
D6-G1RI, K ♦ ^ y , H0 :g|, n. Cutting the 

body in two by a side blow. 
Do-GIYO, K^^^^, 1^ fr, n. Traveling 

together on a pilgrimage, or, going to- 
gether on the same religious duties, as 

begging priests. 
D6-GU, ^'♦Z, ?i; :gf, n. Tools, imple- 

ments, utensils, furniture, arms, weapons. 
Do-GUSZRl, y^/y^\), (KM^ w- ^^n- 

powder. Syn. ykxsuo. 
DO-GUSZRI-IRE, K t> /;^ y /f i/j ^X M ^» 

n. A powder flask. 
Do-GUYA, ^'^ ;^>, SE :Pf M» ^- A shop 

where second-hand furfiiture is sold. 
D6-HA1, V^^\4, (^ H, (onajiiomo^ 

ffarajy n. Same rank or social position, 

equals. — no aisatsz wo szru, to salute 

as an equal. 
DoHAN, V^^\y,^\R,n. Copperplate 

for printing, engraved on copper plate. — 

no ye, a copper plate engraving. 
D6-HAN, V^^sy,^^, n. Fellow ser- 
vants of the same Daiiniyo, 
D6-HAN, Y^>\y, \v\ f^, (majihu tomo- 

nauj. Going along with, accompanying. 

Go — itashimashdj I will go with you. 

Syn. TSZRE. 
D6-HBK, K^^^, 1^ ^, «. In the same 

state, condition, without change, (said 

only of a sick person). 
Do-HlYO, Kh^^, i: ^, ?i. Bags filled 

with earth. 
D0H1y5-BA, Kt^i^vN-, ±^j^,n. The 

ring made with earth-bags where wrestlers 

D5-I, K^ /f , (^ ^, (onaji lokoro), n. Of 

the same mmd, like minded. — szru, to 

be of &c. 
Do-lN, ii'^Ay, ^ 51, Shampooing. 

Syn. AMMA. 
fDo-jl, V^i^.it ^,ri. A boy. 

To move, affect, influence. — taru heshi 

Icl mo nakuy no appearance of being 

affected. Syn. kandzru. 
Do-JlN^, y l^ y, ± A, n. Aborigines, 

original inhabitants. 
Do-jO, K-.'^t!^, gft, n. A kind of small 

fish caught in rice fields, a lamprey ? 
Do-jo, ^' ♦ >' Y ^ , Jt j^, «. A hall erected 

before Buddhist temples ; a place where 

the art of fencing: is tauorht. 
DOKA-DOKA, Vijyij. adv. The sound of 

loud steps. — to artiku. 

D6-KAKU, V^ij^,^^, (onaji kuraij, 
Same in rank. 

D6KE,-rw,-^a, r^^;u, i.v. To jest, 
to act the buffoon, to talk for the diver- 
sion of others. — mono^ a jester, buffoon, 
clown. Syn. hiy5-geru, kokkei, rUzA- 


DoKJ^-ru-ta, Y^P, J|, Uv. Yed. coll. 
for Nokeru, To put out of the way, move 
to one side. Dohe^ go away, get out 
of the way. Mono wo dokete stwarUy to 
push anything aside and sit down. 

DoKi,-feWj-tYa, K^ jg, «>. To get out 
of the way, to move aside. WatakusM doki- 
mas anata o szwari nasare, I will move out 
of the way do you sit down. 

DOKl, K^+, H) ^, n. Palpitation of 

tDoKI, K^, i Sj ^- Earthenware. 

fDoKl, K*, ^ ^, ». Anger. — wo 
nadamertiy to soothe anger. Syn. ikari. 

DoKl-DOKl, Y^V^y ^\% <w^- Beat- 
ing of the heart. Mum ga — aarw, heart 
went pita-pat. 

D6-K1N, Y^^y, [^ 1^, (onaji tsztome), 
n. Same official employment. 

D6-K1Y0, K^^3, I^ ^. Living to- 
gether in the same house, boarding to- 

Do-kiy6, Y^^^^,^^, (onaji saio). 
Natives of the same place. — no Kto. 

DOKKARl-TO, Y^;ij^),adv, In the man- 
ner of a sudden and violent fall. — izwarUy 
to sit down suddenly and with yiolence, 
to come down with a bang. 

DOKKESHI, Y^^'y, i^ ^, n. An anti- 
dote to poison. 

DOKKI, K^4r;^^, w. Poisonous air 
or gas. 

tDoKKlYO, K^#3, jg Jg, (h'tori oru), 
To live alone. 

DoKKOlj K y* 3 /f , Exclamation of sur- 
prise, or of sudden alarm. 

1[D0KKdy-szru, Y^ij^,^fr, (hitori 
yuhi). To travel alone. 

DoKO, K^ 3, ^ g, w. A copper boiler. 

DoKO, K3, ji^ j^, adv. Where. — no 
hHo daj where is he from ? what country 
is he of? Kono hon — de dekimash'ta, 
where was this book made ? — ye yuhu, 
where are you going ? Uchi wa — da, 
where do you live ? — ye mo iku no wa 
iya da, I wont go any where. — demo yoi, 
any place will do. Hi wa — demo ataru, 
the sun shines every wnere. — to ni arti 
de aro, I think they are in some place. — 
to mo nashi ni ynlu, to go, not knowing 






where. — ka ni or i>«Uw nu some where, 
some place or another. 


DOKO-JIN, y^^l^y, ±^iiif,n. The 
god of the kitchen. 

DOKU. Y^ ^, n. Poison. — ni ataru, to 
be poisoned. — wo keszj to counteract 
poison. — iw, poisonous, hurtful. Bokuja^ 
^ Ml? a venomous snake. Doku-giyo^ 
% SL? poisonous fish. Dokumushi] ^ ^, 
poisonous insect. Doku-shu, ^ Jg, poi- 
sonous liquor. Boku-yahu^ ^ |g, poi- 
nous medicine. Bokuya^ ^ ^, poison- 
ed aiTow. 

DoKU, y^ |g. Alone, smgle, solitary, 
(only used in compounds). 

DoKUDAMi, Y^^\ fl, w. Kind of plant. 
The Houttuynia cordata. 

DoKUDATB, Y^^r, #|g, n. Abstain- 
ing from hurtful food, regulating the diet. 
— wo 9zrUj to diet, to abstain from hurtful 

DOKU-DOKU-SHIT, Y^Y^-y^ ^ ^ JJ, 
a. Poisonous in appearance. 

DOKU-DOKU, Y^Y^yOdv. The sound of 
water flowing from a bottle, gurgling. 
mdz ya tokuri kara — to deru, water 
ilows from a bottle with a gurgling noise. 

DoKU-GAi,-«zrw, Y^^4, ^ ^. To 
kill with poison, to poison. 

tDoKU-GAKU, Y^^^ f^ ^, (hitorima- 
naht). Studying, or learning by one's 
self, self-taught. 

tDoKU-GiN, KiJ'^^, IBP^, (h'tori de 
utau). Singing alone. 

DoKu-iMi, Y^A-,, ^ a. Avoiding 
hurtful food, dieting. 

tDoKU-Jir, K^ i^ ::!,§( g. Reading the 
Buddisht sacred books. 

DOKU-KIYO, Y^^^^ 0( 15, (i/yot^o 
yomu). ReadingtheBuddisht sacred books 

DOKU-Ml, Y^l, ^ ^,n. Tasting to 
prove whether a thing is poisonous, or not. 

tDoKU-RAKU, Y^7^,m m, (h'iori tu^ 
noiktmu). Happy by one's self. 

tDoKU-Rlu, K^ y 7, ® ^, (hHondacht) 
Independent, free from the control of 
another. Sho-koku da kara — wa dekinu, 
it is too small to become independent. 

tDoKURO, K^P, BJflJ, (atamanohone). 
The skull, (of a dead person). 


DOKU-SATSZ, Y^^^y, ^ ^. Killing 

with poison, poisoning. 
tDOKU-SHAKU, Y^y^^, ^ gj, (h^ton 

kumu). Drinking wine alone. 

' DOKU-SHIN, Y^'^y, m M, {hHon mi). 

Single person, unmarried, living alone. 
tDOKU-SHO, Y^l^3,^^^(hon wo yo- 

muj. To read books, 
tDoKU-ZA, Y^^', ^ ^, (h^tort szwaru). 

Sittmg alone. 
DOMA, K^, ± fSl, n. The small court 

unfloored, at the entrance of Japanese 

D6-MAK1, Ki>-^^,aS,^. A long wallet 

for carrying money, tied around the 


DOM-BUTSZ, K^^rv', life ^,n. A block- 
head, a dunce. 

Do-MIN, K > ;-, ± 15, n. A farmer be- 
longing to any particular district. 

DoMO, K^, ^, A plural ending, used 
in speaking of inferiors, or of many where 
the speaker is one. Watakushi'domo, vre. 
Orma-domOy the women. Muszmsdomo 
the girls. Omayedomo, you. Fushiyi no 
koto — , many wonderful things. 

Syn. BA, TACHI. 

DoMo, K^, ^, Conjunctive suffix to verbs, 
though, although, but. Miredomo miedsz, 
kikedomo hkoyediz, looking but not seeing, 
listening but not hearing. Ame wafuru 
kered4>mo mairimasKta^ he went although 
it rained. 

tDoMS, K^^iJr, JIIK, «. A child. 

DoMORl,-rw,^^a, Y^fi., pg, i,v. To 
stutter, to stammer. Am Kto wa kuchi 
ya domoru, that man stutters. 

DOMORI, Y^\} Pg. Stutterer. 

D0N% Yy,iii,(nibui). Dull, blunt, stupid, 
^^ ^l it TJ, a dull knife. Bonna Kto, 
a stupid person. 

Don, Yy, |g, (contracted from Bono). 
A common title of address to servants, 
or inferiors, as Kiu don, Mr. Kiu, £^ame 
douj Mr. Kame. 

Do-NABE, Y-j-^, ± i^, n. An earthen 

tDo-NAN, Kt>.^;/, ;^ ^, n. A boy. 

DONATA, Y-j-^, P9 II, pron. Who. 
Kore wa — no hon de gozariman, vyhose 
book is this ? Bonata'demo kitekudasare, 
please one of you come here, (in speakinn* 
to several persons at once.) 

DoNCHAN, K y^^ y, To be confused, to 
be thrown into disorder, or tumult. 


DON-DON, YyYy,^^, adv. The sound 
of beating a drum, or rolling of a w^gon ; 
of a person running. Wata Tokohoina ni 
— hakobu, cotton is brought to Yokohama 
in frequent and large quantities. IPto ya 

Digitized by 





— kakette hiru, Talho — to hilnki' 

Don-game, Yyij:^j%^, n. A large 
kind of Tortoise. 

tDO-NiYO, K^^3,^^, «• A young 

Donna, K y-Y , (contr. ofJDonoydna.) What 
kind ? — mono de gozartmaszj what kind 
of a thing is it? — ni bimbo daro, I think 
he his very poor. — ni omo koto ga aUe- 
mo, however difficult a matter it may be. 

DONO, hV , jSt (same as I'ono,) w. A title, 
same as sama, used when speaking of 

DONO, hV, Which? what? — Kto which 
person ? — kuni^ which country ? — yd 
nif in what way? Donokuraiy how much ? 
Syn. DORE. 

DON-TAKU, yy^^y (a word derived from 
the Dutch, much used.) n, Sunday, a 

DONSZ, K^^, ^ ^, «. A kind of silk 
fabric of which belts are made. 

Do-ON, Y^^y, i^ #5 (onajiJcoye), n. 
One voice, same sound. — m, with one 

DoPPO, K^jK, IB >^, To walk out alone, 
to take a walk alone. To be alone in ta- 
lent or ability, above all others. Ko^n 
ni — szru no sai an. 

Dora, Kf, ^ ^, w, A kind of gong sus- 
pended before idols and struck by wor- 
shipers to arouse the attention of the 

Dora, K ^ , (coll. contr. of JDoraku ) Disso- 
lute, profligate, viscious, abandoned Do- 
ra muszho, Dora muszme. Dora-nekOy a 
cat given to stealing. 

DoRAKU, ^'^7^, ^ fP, Given to vice 
and dissipation, dissolute, vicious, profli- 
gate. — mono, a dissolute person. 
Syn. HOTO. 

Do-RAN, V^^ y^ 5|| jjL, Exciting distur- 
bance, causing excitement and confusion. 
Syn. soud, Busso. 

D6-RAN, K ♦ :? >, U ^|J, w. A leather bag, 
or wallet ; knapsack ; satchel. 

DoRE, K ^ 1/, A word used in the families 
of the nobility only in answering a call. 

DoRE, Ki/, Which. — ga i, which is the 
best? — mo onajikoto, they are both alike. 

— demo goroshii, either will do. Kono 
kon no uchi — ni aru, in which of these 
books is it ? — no hikidashi ni aru^ in 
which drawer is it ? — hodo, or — dake^ 
how much? Syn. dochira, dono. 

DoRE, Ki/j cxclam. of wonder, surprise. — 

hai'ken itaso mise nasare, I would like to 
see it, show it to me. 

DoRI, ^^ V , iE S> (mtchi,) n. Reason, 
right principle, truth, principles, doctrine, 
cause or reason, a natural rule or law. 
Tenchi no — , the laws of nature. Ghiu- 
ko wa Kto no okonau beki — , loyalty, and 
obedience to parents, are natural laws 
which men should obey. — wo somttkuy 
to act contrary to what is right Dd4u — 
de dekiru mono ka shiranu, I don*t know 
for what reason it was made. 

tDoRlYO, K y ^ ♦, ^ g, «. Talent, abiU- 
ty, capacity. Syn. kibitO, KiroKEN. 

fDoRlYO, KV 3^, ± H, w. A.mole. 


fD6-B0, ^^P, JE K> ^- A way, road. 
Syn. MiCHi. 

tDoRO, K P , ^, n. Mud. — no umi, chaos, 
Doro-darcdce, covered with mud. — no 
yo ni yola, drunk as mud, (dead drunk.) 
Doro-mdbure, smeared with mud. 

DOROBO, K P ^ ♦ , ^, «. A thief, robb^. 

DOBO-DORO, Y-^Vv,^ ]^, adv. Rum- 
bling sound, as of distant thunder, or can- 
non, of person walking. dztsz no oto ga 

— to hibiku, the rumbling sound of (dis- 
tant) cannon. 

D5-RU1, K^;w>f, 1^ ^, n. Same kmd, 

same class, or sort. 
DoSA, K ♦-»^, ^ ip, n. The stuJOT, made of 

glue and alum, for glazing paper. — v>o 

hikuy to glaze paper. 
DoSAKUSA, K■»^^-»^, (coll.) n. Confusion, 

tumult, turmoil. — magire ni mono wo 

toriL, taking advantage of the confusion to 

Do,-5/i2,-S2rw,-s7i7a, K^;^,J^, To save. 

(Bud.) Shtrjo wo do «crw, to save all 

D6-SHIN, Y^t/y^ I^I v^y (onaji kokoro), 

n. Of the same mind, like minded. Also, 

a constcible or policeman. 
D6-SHUKU, K^S/:!^, (^ ig, n. Stop- 
ping, or lodging together at the same inn. 

— szru, 

DoSBl, K^i/f, ± g, w. The planet Sa- 

Do-SHA, ^'^5^-v, Jl^ :g, 71. A religionist, 
devotee, a pilgrim, one engaged in reli- 
gious duties. 

DOSHI, Yit-t/j 5§, (impure toshiy used 
only in compounds,) Constantly, without 
ceasing, or interval. Tomi-doshiy constant- 
ly reading. Yodoshiy the whole night. 
Kami wa mamori-ddshi nari, the gods are 
constantly watching. 

Digitized by 




DZI ^ 


DosHi, K ♦ >^, 1^ -J;, Amongst themselves, 
with each other, together, m company 
with. Doihi^ikasOy a civil war. Doshi- 
ttcki, (idem.) Onna-doshi tera ni mairUy 
the women went together to the tem- 
ple. Tomo-dachi doshi sake wo rwmUj the 
friends drink wine together. 


DoSZGOYB, K A =^X, A fierce, harsh voice. 

Doszu, V^^, &1S^i n. The degree of 
heat, temperature. 

Dote, Vr, iS, n. A mound, or bank of 
earth which separates rice-fields, a dike, 
embankment. — wo kidsku, to throw up 
a dike. Syn. tsztszmi. 

DoTBRA, Vr'^y u. A long wadded coat 
worn in winter by the lower classes. 

DOTTO, K 5^ f , adv. Sudden burst of noise 
from many persons, as, — warav^ to burst 
into laughter. — homeru, to burst out in 
praise. — t/obi^ all cried out at once. 

D6-WA, ^^7, JS Iff, (michinohanaski,) 
n. Religious, or moral discourses. — wo 
cho-mon szra, to listen to religious dis- 
courses. Syn. 8HINGAKU-BANASHI. 

Do-WASZRB, YV ^^y ffi iS, ^- Suddenly 
forgetting, not able to recall what one 
knows well. — wo sKte omoi-dasenu, 

D6-YAKU, K^-v^, 1^ S, ». Same office, 
same public service. 

D6-y6, K^x^, I^ ^, Cuffohu)^ n. Mo- 
tion. — szrUy to move, shake. 

DoYO, K3^, i ffi, «. A period of some 
20 days in each of the four seasons. 

DoYO, K^^^j I^ ^7 Same way, same 
manner, alike, same. Syn. onajikoto. 

D6-Y0KU-NA, K ^ 3 ^ -h, 80 ^> « Greedy, 
covetous, avaricious. Ammari — monoj 
an exceedingly covetous person. 
Syn. MUSABOEU, yoku-baru, tonyoku, 


DoYOMEKi,-/jw,-iYa, V B / ^, PJ or 

DoYOMi,-mM,-nda, Kb a. To make a 
loud noise, to raise a cry, or uproar ; the 
call, or noise of many birds, or animals, 
the sound of a torrent of water. Yama 
doyomu made naku sh'ka, the loud noise of 
the stag crying in the mountains. 
Syn. soDOROKU, hibiku. 

tD6-YU, K ^ ^ ^ , IpJ ^, n. Companions 
in literary studies. 

DOZAYEMON, KYX^^, ^ SE A, w- The 
name of a man who was celebrated for 
giving a decent burial to the bodies of 
drowned persons; hence the name came 
to be used for, a drowned person. 
Syn. BEKi-sni-NiN. 


D6-ZEN, K^-tf^', i^ "IJ, (maye nionaji). 

Same as before, ditto, alike, the same. 
D6-Z0, K-f ♦, i IR, w. A mud fire-proof 

building, a store house. Syn. kora. 
tDo-zOKU, ^'t> /^, Jg ^, n. Priest, 

and people, clergy and laity. 
Dz, -^, /fl. A neg. suffix to verbs. 
Dz, y, 1^, n. The head. — pa takat, 
your head is too high, (in scolding an in- 
ferior for want of good manners in hold- 
ing his head up). — ffa omoi my head 
feels heavy. Syn. kashira, atama, kobe, 
^Z, "/, H, n. A drawing, picture, sketch, 
a plan. — szru^ to draw a sketch. — wo 
hikuj to draw a plan. — wo ioru, to draw 
a picture. lye no — , the plan of a house. 
Kuni no — , a map of a country. 
Syn. yk; ybdz, kata. 
Dz-Bosm, ^/^'y, ■ M> ^- The black 
spot in the centre of a target, the crown 
of the head. Omoi — wo hadsuanu, not 
to fail in one's aim, or object. 
Dz-b6to, j^^c^Yy "H* ]^j ^' Extract of 

Dz-BU, y /, adv. The sound made by 
plunging into water. — to midz ni tsskeru, 
to plunge anything into water. 
DzBUNUBE, y/j?i/, ^ j§, w. To be 
wet from head to fooji, wet all over. — 
ninarUy (idem), 
DzBUROKU, v'/^^, Drunk. — ni natta, 

to become drunk. 
DzDA, y^', ^ P£, n. A Buddhist priest. 
DZDA-BUKURO, ^^/^P, BM P£ M) ^• 

The bag carried by begging priests. 
DzDA-DZDA, y(^'y(^y ^ Tf, odv. Pieces. 
— ni hiru to cut into pieces. 
Syn. suN-ztJ.>i-Ni. 
DzDz, X^y i^ 3^, n. A rosary. — wo 
momUy to roll the rosary between the 
hands. — r wo UzmagwrUy to push the 
beads of the rosary along with the nail. 
Syn. JUDz, NENju. 
DzDz-DAMA, y^yc^^y ^ ^, or DZDZGO, 
yC^^y n, A plant vulgarly called Job's- 
tears. The Coix lacryma. 
Dzl, yC^ , ^, n. Marrow, pith of wood. 

Syn. KOTsz-Dzi. 
Dzl-BUN, yCA ryy Bi ^5 ado. Tolerably; 
as good as the circumstances will admit 
of, moderately, pretty well. — yoku na- 
rimashoj it will do pretty well. — jodz 
ni nattoy has become pretty skilful. 
Syn. KANARr. 
Dzi-GEN, ^A^y, ^ Wi' A favorable 

token, a good omen. 
Dzi-HlTSz, ^4 t -y, Bl ^) (fude-dzsame)y 

Digitized by 



DZN ^ 

DZT ^ 

n. MiscellaDeous writings. — wo kaku, 


Dzi-l, ^ /f "iyM M^ (kokoro makase). 
At one's pleasure, according to one's mind, 
or convenience. — ni nasare, do as you 
like. Syn. kukoro-mocmi shidai, katte 


Dzi-iCHi, X >{ /{ -f , ^ — , The best, 
the first. Baka no — , the greatest fool. 

Dzi-JU, X4i^^, K^, «. A follower, 
attendant, a disciple, adherent. — szru, 
to obey, to follow. Syn. sh'tagau. 

Dzi-Kl, X4 ^r, ^ ^, «. Delightful as- 
sent, joyful approval. Seppo wo cho- 
momhi — no namida wo moyoahikeri, 

Dzi-Kl, X^ =if , ^ ^, w. The stem of a 
species of artichoke, used as food. 
Syn. iMOGAiiA. 

tDzi-MU, >^ 4 >, JS ^> »• A lucky 

Dzi-SHiN, ^4'yy,l^^, n. A follower, 
a disciple. 

Dzi-s5, ;^ 4 -^ ♦ , JS ft , ». A lucky sign , 
a favorable sign. Syn. yoi-shirabb. 

Dzi-TO, y^ b , adv. Directly, in a direct 
straight manner, without minding cere- 
mony. — hairu^ to go straight in, with- 
out saying anything, or minding any body. 

DzKARA, y^-7. An affix, comp. of dz 
euphonic and kara^ from, by, found in the 
words, Kuchi — , by one's own month, 
Midzkaroy of one's self, YedzkarOy Onodz- 

DzKi-DZKij-iYamw, y=^y#^ ^-«*, Jl/f 05 
^*. To throb with pain. 

Dz-KIN, y^^, S|^ rfj, w. A bonnet, cap 
worn in cold weather. 

DzKKARI, or DzPPARI, tC ';; ij \) , adv. 
Apart, separate. — to kiru^ to cut in two. 

DzMl, */ 5 , n. A kind of yellow dyestuff. 

DzN-DO, -:^:^ K, adv. Particularly, espe- 
cially, very. — yoi, very good. — yoku 
fiai, very bad. Syn. kakubetsz, bakkun, 


DzN-DZN-NI, J30:?^>r:, tJ- -if, adv. Into 
small pieces. Kami wo — hiki-^aku, to 
tear paper into small pieces. 
Syn. szda-dzda. 

DzN-DZN, ;>cy:^y, gj ^, adv. Rapidly, 
fast. I^u7ie ga — hashiru^ the ship sails 
fast. Kodomo wa — sodatsz, the child 
grows rapidly. Syn. sassato. 

Dz-Kl-NORlj-r-Wj-^^a, ^/n/;i/, «. v. To 
be carried on by an impulse received, to 
go upon the strength of anything. Saia 
iro kakeoritaru dz-m-notte kawa too tohi- 
kosz, carried on by the impetus received 

from running down the declivity he jump- 
ed over the river. 

DZBA-DZBA, X-^X-?, fl<fe. Glibly, smooth- 
ly. — hon woyomu, to read a book glibly. 

DzRi,-rw,-^^a, X;u, t v. To slide down, 
to slip down. Uma no m ga — , the horse's 
load slips-down. Ji-shin de kctwara ga 
dztta, owing to the earthqutdie the tiles 
slip-down. Syn. szberu. 

DzRi-KOMi,-mi^ ,-wc?a, ^ V 3i», t. v. To 
slip, or slide down into. Kawa ni — , to 
slip into the river. 

DzRl-OCHl,-rw,-^a, Xi;^f;u, t. v. To 
slip, or slide down any thing. Uma kara 
— , to slide down from a horse. Tama wo 
— , to slide down a hill. 

DzRO, XPiJr, Cheating, knavish, cunning. 

DzRU-DZRU, ^fU><jU, adv. Slippery, 
smoothly, in a slippery manner. — to 
szberUj to slide. — 7ii natta, to sDp into 
the possession of anything. 

DzBUl,-Kl,-SHl, X/i'/fjtf. Cheating, kna- 
vish, sly, cimning, shirking. — yatsz day 
a knavish fellow. 

DzRUKU, ^f^^, adv. idem. — szrUy to 

DzRUKBy-rWy-^a, ^/w^/u, i. v. To be 
idle, lazy, to shirk work. Shd-ku-7iin ga 
dzrukete komaruy I am pestered by the 
laziness of the workmen. Ano ko wa dzru- 
kete gakko ye yukadz ni asobuj that child 
plays truant and does not go to school. 

DzSA, ^-»^, I5S ^, ». A follower, servant. 

Dz-SHl, ^/5^, ]g -f , n. A small shrine in 
which idols are kept. 

Dz-65, y•^^♦, MW^^' -^ eruption on 
the scalp. 

DzSSfllRl, ^y7>y\f , adv. The sound of a 
bag of money falling on the ground ; very 

Dz-TSZ, y 5^, ^, a<^p. The number to which 
it is joined separately taken, as, B'toiiz- 
dztsZy one by one, one at a time. F'tatsz- 
dztsz, two by two, or two at a time. S*to- 
ri-dztsZf one person at a time. Sannin 
dztszy three persons at a time. 

Dz-TS'U, ^/5^^, B| ^.(Kashdranofiami,) 
n. Head-ache. — itashimashHa^ have a 

DZTSZNA1,-K1,-SHI, ^ V^ -^ 2^ , ^ %, 
a. Painful, grievous, distressing, hard to 
bear. Syn. kcrUsuii. 

DzTTO, y •;' f , adv. In a direct, straight 
course, same as Dzi-to. 

Digitized by 


FUC 7 

FUD 7 


fFu, 7, Mj ^' The abdominal viscera. 

R&ppu^ the six abdominal viscera. 
Fu, 7, ^, «. A pawn, in the game of 
chess. — wo uUz, to place a pawn. — 
wo ioruy to take a pawn; — wo tszku, to 
move a pawn. 

Fu, 7,M,n. White and black spots, (as 
on leaves, fish.) — ga ant, to be spotted 
—triy spotted, speckled. Syn. madara. 

Fu, 7, 1^, w. A kind of food, made of 
wheat-Hour. — ya, the shop where the 
above is sold. 

tFu, 7 , i? , «. A woman, a wife. — j'tn, 
a woman. Fu-fv^ husband and wife. 

FUj 7,|S, n. A music book; musical notes. 
— wo mile uiau. — wo yomvu — ga chigau 

Fu, 7, ^, A negative prefix, used only in 
compound words. 

Fu, 7 ♦, :^, n. A husband. — >, lius- 
band and wife. Syn. otto, tkisjuu. 

Fu, 7^, ^,n. The closing of a letter, 
an envelope, or seal. — wo kiru. — wo 
]uraku, to open a letter. 

Fu, 7^, Jg, (haze) fu The wmd, man- 
ner, deportment, customs. — w, wind 
and rain. Tai-fu, a typhoon. Koku-Ju, 
customs of a country. Syn. narawasiu. 

Fu-ANNAl, 7ri'-h'^, ^ ^ ft? Unac 
quainted with the roads of a country ; a 
stranger in. Kono kmi wa — de gozari- 
fnasz, I am not acquainted with this 
country, see Annal. 

Fu-BAKO, 7^^"^j jSC ll> ^- ^ lacquered 
box, used for carrymg letters. 

Fu-BEK, 7 -< y, ^ My Inconvenient, 
incommodious, unsuitable. 

Fu-BENRl, 7^y^), yf^MM^ i^em. 

Fu-BEy, 7^^, ^ ^, Not eloquent, slow 
of speech, not good at talkingi 

FUBIN, 7t'y, ^ -gjn. Compassion, pity. 
ir*to no nangi wo — ni onto, feeling com- 
passion for the afflictions of men. 
Syn. awarb. 

Fu-BO, 7 'K, ^ #, (chichi, halm,) n. Fa- 
ther and mother, parents. 

Fu-BUKI, 7 7'^, PJC S^ ^- Wind and 
snow, snow-storm. 

Fu-BUN, 7^ry, JB. ^j «• A repoft,' 
rumor. Syn. hiyoban, tjwasa. 

FuCHl, 7f , ^, n. A border, rim, edge, 
margin. — wo Uzkcru, to make a border. 
Syn. uERi. 

FucHi, 7f , tS, n. A deep pool or eddy 
of water. 

FuCHIj 7^, ^ ^, w. Rations in rice 
paid to officials, soldiers, &c.=5 go. about 
1 quart. Ichi nin fuchi, rations for one 
man. Go ninfuchi, five rations. — nin<i 
a person in government employ. — maiy 
rice served out for rations; Fuchikata, 
the officer who serves out rations; the 
number of rations. 

Fu-CHIN, 7-f^, WpLy (^^^ shidzmi,) 
Float and sink, vicissitudes. 

Fu-CHIU, 7f '^j ^,S, Unfaithful to a 
master, disloyal. 

FuDA, 7^', >fL»«- A card, ticket, label. 
Ki'fuda, a wooden ticket. — tszki, labeled, 
ticketed. Bakuchi no — , playing cards. 

Fu-DAl, 7 ^ A, If fl;, For successive 
generations. — no kerai, a hereditary 

Fu-DAN, 7^y, Z^ KS, ((ai/edzj Unin- 
terrupted, constant, continual; (coll.) 
usual, common. — znkara, a Japonica 
that blooms the whole year. — no tori, 
the usual way. — gi every day clothes. 
Syn. ITSZMO, iieizei. 

FuDA-SASHl, 7^-*^^, ft, ^? w- A licensed 
merchant who exchanges the rice rations 
of government officials for money. 


FuDE, 7 r , ^, W' A pencil, pen. — 
nojihuj the handle of a pen. — no saya^ 
the sheath of a pen. — no saki, the point 
of a pen. — wo yu, to make a pencil. — 
wo ireru, to correct with a pen. — ivo 
oroszy to break in a new pencil. 
Syn. niTSz. 

FuDE-DiKAl, 7f'yi3^, ffl ^1 n. Pen- 
manship, — ga arai, the penmanship is 

Fu-DEKr, 7t=^, ^ lii ^, Badly made; 
poor crop. Kono dai wa — de gozarima- 
sz, this stand is badly made. Inega — , 
the rice crop is poor. 

FUDE-NOSB, 7fV-t, ^ ^, (hiJcka,) n. 
A pen-rack. 

FUDE-SHI, 7^^, ^ &lp,w. A pen-maker. 

FUDE-YA, 7f>, ^ M» ^'- A pen-store. 

Fud6-miy6-o,7 V^l^^V^, Z^M 0JJ3i» 
n. The name of a Buddhist divinity. 
Syn. fcdo-sama. 

Fu-DO, 7 Y'^, /p f^, ( ojiajikaradz, ) 
Unlike, different, uneven. 

Fu-DOKU. 7^ K^5 H ^> w- Rheuma- 

FUDOSHI, 7 Y'y, J^ ^ If, Same as Fun- 

Fu-^zroME, 7yV^, ;^ iJ, w. Neglect 
of duty. — wo szntj to nogloet duty. 

Digitized by 



FUI 7 

FUK 7 

Fu-FU, 7^7, :^ it, n. Husband and 

FU-FUMMIYO, 77^^^^^, :f^BJ, 

( akiraka naradzj Not clear, not plain, 

Fu-GA, 7^^% M, 38, Elegant, in good 
taste, genteel, refined, simple and neat 
style, chaste. — 7ia h*to^ a man of refined 
taste. Syn. miyabi. 

FuGAlN Al, yffA-YA, A useless unprofita- 
ble person. 

Fu-GAN, y^ify, JS Bl, n. Catarrhal 

Fu-GI, 7 ^, /p ^, Immoral, wiclied, vi- 
cious, contrary to what is right, adulter- 
ous. — nam mono, a wicked person who 
violates morality. 

Fu-GI, 7 ♦ ^, j®, ^, w. Customs, manners, 


Fu-ulYO-Gl, 7^^^^,:j: frM, ^u^«' 
impolite, unmannerly, ill-bred. 

Fu-GlYO-jo, 7 ^^ ^ '^^ ^.Tf^il^y 
Wicked, abandoned, profligate, dissolute. 

Fu-GIYO-SEKI, 7 ^^ ♦ -b ^r, ;j; fr ftj^, i<3- 

Fu-GO, 7 7&'7 ,^ >^, Matching, corres- 
ponding like the two parts of a seal. — 
itash*ta, it matches. 

fFu-GU, 7 ^, y(\ J^, (omot-ffokenu,) Un- 
expected, un thought of. 

FuGU, 7 /, yf ^, (somwaradzj) Maimed, 
deformed. Syn. katawa. 

FuGU, 7 /, }pf ^, n. The porpoise. 

FUGURI, 7;^V ItH, (tnno), n. The 
testicles. Syn. kintama. 

fFu-HEl, 7^^, ;j; qi, ^toVoi&anararf^J, 
Displeasure, uneasmess, irritation, vexa- 
tion. — wo in, or, — wo Tiarasz, to utter 
one's displeasure. 

Fu-HEN-Jl, 7^>'-?,;i|;ig:y, To make 
no answer, to answer roughly or uncourt- 

Fu-HO, 7'\7, Jjp fi, Lawless, vicious, 
not confonning to rule or law. — na Kto^ 
a lawless, abandoned person. — wo szru, 
to commit a trespiiss, or breach of law. 


Fu-r, 7 ^ , /p '^.{omowadz), n. By surprise, 
unexpected, accidental, off one's guard, not 
thinking. — wo utareta. to be suq)rised and 
beaten, or killed. — no sonaye wo szru, 
to provide against surprise. — no sai^nan, 
an unexpected calamity. 
Syn. OMOi MO youanu,fcto, dashi-ndke. 

FuK HO, 7 ^ -f ^ ^, Ja ^. To proclaim, 
publish, promulgate. 
Syn. niROMERU. 

Ful iO, 7 -i ^, ^ ^, «. A bellows. — 

wofvhuj to blow a bellows. — mcUszriy 
a festival on the 8th day of 11th month. 

Fu-lN, 7^^y, ^ f\^, n. A seal, or 
stamp. Tegami ni — wo osz, to seal 
a letter. — tszki no tegami^ a sealed let- 

Fu-JA, 7^:?^, a 515, w. A cold. — 
nite hikikomu, confined with a cold. 


Fu-JI, 7:^, ;p flf, (toki-naradz). Got of 
season, out of the regular order or time, 
irregular, fortuitous, contingent, casual. 

— no nitt-i/dy contingent expenses. — no 
hen, accidental affair. Syn. rin-ji. 

FiT-jl, 7f^, 1^, 71, Wisteria chinensis. 

Fuji,-rt«,-^a, 7^i?;u, if, To seal up 
a letter. Tegami wo fujiru, to seal a 
letter. Fuji komeru, to inclose and seal 
up something inside of another. 

tFu-JlN, 7 i^y, ^ iz, (nasake no nai). 
Unkind, inhuman, without love or pity. 

— na h'to, — na koto. 

Fu-JIN, 71^ y^ ^ A, »• A woman. 

Syn. ONNA. 
Fu-JlTSz, 7^^/, ;?; %. False, untrue, 

insincere, hypocritical, unkind, inhuman. 

— no h*to. Syn. makoto no nai, FUNI^ jo. 
Fu-JlTSz, 71>^:^,X> H , (hodo nakuj. In 

a short time, in a few days. — ni deki- 
masho, I will do it in a few days. 


Fu-ji-YU, orFuju, 7i^^^, Z^ ^ jh- 

Not as a person would like, disagreeable, 
unpleasant, uncomfortable, inconvenient, 
annoying. — na koto, 


Fu-JO, 7 1'^ ^ , ::f ;£ , (sadamaradz). Un- 
certain, not fixed, (mostly used of the 
length of life). 

Fu-JO, 7^^^, Tf. ^. Unclean, filthy, 
dirty, foul, defiled. — na mono, an un- 
clean person. — wo gokeru, to keep off 
an offensive smell. 
Syn. ke<:are, kiyoraka-n. rani^, oyk. 

fFu-JO, 7 ;^ 3, ^ Kf. Help, aid, assist- 
ance. — szru to help, &c. 


Fuka, 7 ^, ^ ^, {tomeru iye),n. Weal- 
thy family, rich. 

FllKA, 7 ij,^,n, A shai-k. Syn. samk. 

tFu-KA, 7ijy /p RTj Not right, should 
not be 

FUKA1,-Ki,-SH1, 7 * ^ , gg, <7. Deep, pro- 
found. Fukaika asai ka^ is it deep or not? 
Umi gafukaij the sea is deep. Ano onna 
to kono otoko tofvkainaka de am so na, 
that woman and this man seem to be very 

Digitized by 


FUK 7 

FUK 7 


FuKAKUjOrFuKO, 7^^, 9c> <^^^' Wem. 
— wrw, to deepen. — nam, to be deep. 
Fko gosarimaszj it is deep. Yama fukahi 
cs ndetntj he lives far amongst the moun- 
tains. To ga fukaku ncdta, the night is 
far spent. — tszhi-ad-maseny not intimate. 

FUKAKU, 7*^, /j^ ft, n. Loss, injury, 
defeat. — tpo torUy to suffer defeat, to 
be worsted. 

FUKAKUGO, 7 * ^ 3^, ;f: J|H§. Without 
fore-thought or preparation, careless, heed- 
less, improvident. Syn. yo-jin nashi. 

fFu-KAN, y^ijy, WL H. (monomyo' 
soyete isamuru). To reprove a superior 
indirectly, as by a parable. — szra. 

FuKARE,-rt*,-^a, 7*1-^;^, W Bfe- Fass. 
of Fuku. Kaze ni — , to be blown by 
the wind. 

FuKA8E,-7-i^,-^a, 7^-t;^, The causative 
of Fuku, Watakmhi ni fuye wo fukasKte 
kudasarey let me blow your flute. Kami 
sama wa kaze tDofidcaseru^ God makes the 
wind to blow. Watakushi ni ftikasKte ku- 
dasare, let me wipe it, or (in speaking of 
roofing), let me roof the house. 

FuKASA, y-h-^, n. The depth. — wa 
dono kuraij how deep is it ? 

FuKASHi,-^,-sA'^a, 7i3^, 3E, tv. To 
cook by steaming. Meshi wo fitkaszy to 
steam rice. Syn. musz. 

FuKE, 7 ^, ^ $g, n. Dandruff, scurf on 
the head. 

FvKEj-rUj-ta, 7>;^, 8?, f.p. To grow 
old, to grow late. Toshi ga fuketa^ has 
grown old. Ano Kto yohodo fuketaj he has 
grown quite old. To ga ftJcetay it is late 
in the night. Syn. takeku. 

FuKB,-rt^,-^a, 7 ^;^ ^^ i.v. Placed on 
a roof, roofed, can roof. Nokiha nifvheru 
ayame, the sweet flag placed on the eaves. 
Kono yane ichi nichi nifvkeru ka^ can you 
roof this house in a day ? 

fFuKEI, 7iAy /fi ^, (wiyamawanu.) 
Disrespectful, irreverent, impohte. 

Fu-KEI, 7^^A, M, 3:^ (Keshikl,) n. 
Landscape, scenery. — ga yoi, the land- 
scape is beautiful. 

FUKEIKI, 7 ^ ^ =^, :f :i: ^, n. Dull, no 
business or trade, no bustle, still, quiet ; 
plain, coarse. Kono setsz Tedo tno • — da 
sona, there seems to be little trade now 
doing in Yedo. Kamakura vto — na tokoro 
da, Kamakura is a dull place. Akinai — 
da, trade is dull. Fu-keiki no nari wo shHe- 
kita, he wore coarse clothes. 
Syn. SAMiSHiKi. 

ruKERi.-r«,-f^a, 7^/1- J 5fc, /. r. To be 

addicted to, given up to, absorbed, or im- 
mersed in, fond of. Iro ni — , addicted to 
venery. Shu shoku ni — , fond of eating 
and drinking. 
Syn. oborekU, szsamu, hamaru. 

FUKESO, 7 ^-^^5 # ^ ft', n. A kind of 
strolling musician, same as Komuso. 

Fuke-ta, 7^^, ^ fflj n. Marshy, swam- 
py land. 

FvKl,-ku,-{ta, 7^, 5^, t V. To blow. 
Kaze ga fuku, the wind blows. Fuye wo 
fukuy to blow a flute. Iki wo fuku, to blow 
with the breath. Midz wofuka^ to sprinkle 
water with the mouth. 

FuKl.-iw,-t^a, 7 ^, S^, ^. e?. To roof, to 
cover with a roof. Tane wofukUy to put on 
a roof 

FuKI,-/n/,-zYrt, 7^, ^, t.v. To wipe. 
Tenugui de te wo fuku, to wipe the hands 
with a handkerchief. Fukin de chawan wo 
fuku, to wipe the cups with a napkin. 

FUKI, 7 =^, ^ ^, w. A kind of vegetable. 
The Nardosmia japonica. 

FuKi-AGE,-rw,-^a, 7 ^ T Y f^, 1^ ±, 
t r. To blow up, to cause to ascend by 

FuKl-CHiRASHl,-sz,-s7A'^a, 7=^f 7>^, B^ 
"^j t. V, To scatter by blowing. 

FuKl-DASHl,-6*S5,-5/i7a, 7 A ^[^ Pfe {!{, 
I. V. To blow out. Kaze gafuki-dashta, the 
wind has begun to blow. 

FuKl-DE-MONO, 7=^r^y, P^ m^} «• 
An eruption on the skin. 

FuKl-HANACHl,-te,-^^a, 7^^^-^'^, ^ 
]5J, t V. To blow apart, or separate by 

FuKi-HARAi,-aw,-a^^a, 7 ^^n-7 7, BJc i^, 
L V. To blow away, blow off. 

FuKl-KAKB,-r2^,-^tt, 7^ij^f^, P^ ^, 
t V. To blow upon. Midz wo — , to sprin- 
kle water by blowing it from the mouth. 

FuKi-KATB,-rw,-^a, 7^^^;^, ^ #, 
t, V. To re-roof, put on a new roof. Tane 
wo fukikayeru, orfvki-gayo wo szru, idem. 

F\JKi-KAYEsm,-sz -sh'ta, 7^ij^^, P^ 
^y t V. To blow over, upset by blowing. 
To come to hfe, to begin to breathe again. 
Biyohu wo — , to blow over a screen. To- 
yd iki wo fukikayesz, at length came to 
life again. 

FUKI-KESHI,-SZ,-5/i7f/, 7^^^, P^ -Jj^, 
t. V. To blow out, extinguish by blowing. 

FuKi-K0Mi,-wm,-2/(/a, 7^^>, P^ fg, 
t Sf i. t To blow into, blown in by the 
wind. lye ni kaze ga fukikonda, the wind 
blew into the house. 

Digitized by 



FUK 7 

FUK 7 

FuKl-K0WASHl,-5Z-,s/i7a, 7^r3Vjj;, pji* 

^, To break by blowing, broken by the 

FUKIN, 7^r^,^ rfj, w. A towel, a napkin. 
FUKl-NAGASHl, -f^-h^V, P^ j^, W- A 

Streamer, a kind of flag. 
FUKI-TA, 7 4r^, Pfc ^, w. An arrow 

blown out of a blow gun. — no tszlsz, a 

blow -gun. 

FuK[-YAMl,-7n?i,-?2rfc7, 7^^ J*, Pjf jh, 

f. v. To cease blowing. Kaze yafuki-yan- 
da, the wind has stopped blowing. 

Fu-K1y6, 7^3^, /^ ®, «. Displeasure. 
^0 — tro komuru, to incur the displeasure 
of one's lord. 

FuKi-TAOSHi,-5z,-57t7a, 7 ^ ^ 7 ;^ , ^® , 
> r. To blow down any thing standing. 

FuKi-TORi-r?t,-^^a, 7 ^^ > /i^, P^ i©, tv. 
To tear off by blowing, blown off by the 
wind. Kaze ni fnhl-torareta, torn off by 
the wind ; also to wipe off 

FuKi-T6sHi,-5z,-5AYa, 7 ^ > * ;^ , P^ }§, 
t V, To blow through, (as a tube.) 

Fu-KrTSZ, 7 ^r ^J', ^ ■§, Unlucky. 

FuKi-WAKE,-rM,-^a, 7^7^}^, P^ ^, 
t. v. To refine metals, to separate the 
dross. Ftiki-wakete miru^ to assay. 

FUKKI, or Fu-Kl, 7^^, ^ fl:, {tomi 
iattoki.) Rich and noble, rich, wealthy. 

Fu-K0,7 ij^,7C^^, Unfilial, disobedient to 
parents. Oya ni fvko, id. 

Fu-KO, 7 7l;^, ^ ^, n. Misfortune, ca- 
lamity, ill-luck ; a death in the family. — 
ni au, to meet with a misfortune. — wo 
naka no saiwai, Syn. ftj-siu-awase. 

FUKOSSO, 7 3 ^^^ y , i^ # g, w. Caries of 
the bones. 

FUKU, 7^. See Fvki. 

FUKU, 7^5 IS- '-Tbe belly, abdomen. 
Do fukii no kiyodai^ children of the same 
mother. — chtu ga itamuy to have pain 
in the belly. 

FuKU, 7^, M^ Prosperity, luck, good 
fortune, earthly good. — no kami^ the 
god of wealth, or of luck. 

FuKU, 7^, )JR, n. Clothing; the numeral 
for doses of medicine. Imihuku or mo- 
fukiiy mourning clothes. I-fukUj clothes. 
Kuszri ippukuj nifuku^ satn-buka. 

FuKU, 7 ^, i|lg, Tlie numeral for pic- 
tures, maps, &c. Kahtnono ippuku^ one 

FuKUBE, 7i^-<, *I|i, n, A calabash, gourd. 
Syn niYOT^N. 

FUKU-BIKI, 7^t'^, p 51, w. A kind 
of game in which prizes are drawn ; a 

FuKU-HEI, 7^^A, f^ :£, n. An am- 
bush, troops lying in ambush. 
Syn. FusEZEi. 

FuKU-JiN, 7^i>y, ifl^ Jfif.n. The god 
of good luck. 

FuKUJU,-s2rw, 7 ^ •> ♦, flR |a§, (UzU 
sKtagau), To follow, adhere to, obey, 
(as a teacher). 

FUKU-Juso, 7^l^^^^yM^:^, The 
name of a flower. The Adonis sibirica. 

FuKUME,-rw,-^a, 7^/)^, Pj|, tv. To 
feed with the mouth, as a bird its young, 
Tszbame tea ho ni ye wo fukiimeru* 

Syn. KUKUMEliU. 

FuKUMEN, 7^> ^, S ffi- Covering 
the face with a veil, a veil. — fxru \ — 
wo kakeru, 

FuKUMi,-?«w,-7irfa, 7^ A, ^, tv. To 
hold in the mouth, to keep or bold in the 
mind, to entertain, to comprehend, to con- 
tain, to include. Kuchini midz wofukumu^ 
to hold water in the mouth. Waraiy or 
Yemi wofakiimu^ to smile. Ikon wo fuku- 
mUj to hate. Fiicunde oru^ to understand 
and keep to one's self, to include. 


FUKUBAHAGI, ^^y^\^, ff, n. The 
calf of the leg. 

FuKURASHi,-5z-,sA'^a, 7^7^, or Fu- 
KURAKASHl,-sz,-sA'^a, 7 ^ :? )5r ^ , BJ, 
caust. of Fvkureru, To inflate, distend, 
to cause to swell. Ki-kiu wo — , to blow 
up a balloon. 

FuKURE,-rw,-^a, 7^\yp, flf , or H, »>. 
To be inflated, distended, swollen, puffed 
up. Pan gajfvknreta^ the bread has risen. 
Syn. HARinttr, b6-cho szati. 

FuKURlN, 7^^) y,^^, n. An orna- 
mented border. 

FUKU-RIU, 7i^V7, ||[ jfc, (hara-tate.) 
Anger. — szrUf to be angry. Syn. rip- 


FuKURO, 7^P, g, n. A bag, sack, pouch. 
Kohuhiro, a small bag, the womb. O-fti- 
kuro, mother, Te-hukuro^ a glove. 

FuKURO, 7 ^y^, ^. n. An owl. 

FUKUSA, 7^-»^, flg ^% n. A silk hand- 
kerchief, used for wrapping. 

FuKUSHl,-.S2,-5A7a, 7 ^ ;^ , {^, {sKtagau,) 
t V. or i. V. To submit, yield, ac- 
quiesce in, to cause to submit, to subju- 
gate, to bring into obedience, (3B,) to 
take medicine. Tszmi ni — . to yield, or 
acknowledge one's guilt. Dori ni — » 
to submit to reason. Ten-ka wo — , to sub- 
jugate the empire. Kuszri wo — , to take 

Digitized by 


FUM 7 

FUM 7 


FuKir-SBl, 7^5^, B*J 'S^? ^'- Vice am- 

fFuKU-SHlN, y^uy, || >gi, Faithful, 
constant, true. — wo ifceraji, a faithful ser- 

fFUKU-SHU ,-5zrt^, 7^2^ ♦, ^ 1^, ^Aa- 
to£2 iro utos,J To take yengeance on an 

FuKU-SHO, y^-y^^, glj )MP, w. Vice '!> 

FuKUSZKE, y ^ ^^j jpg 1^, w. A person 
of short stature and large head, a dwarf. 

FuKU-szBU, 7^;*;^, j^, (See Awit//^/.) 

Fuku-t'sU, 7 ^ ^^5 JR 3|g, f/Tara no iVa- 
mi.^ n. Colic, pain in the abdomen. 

tFu-K'WA, 7^i^7, a >ffc, Liquefaction, 
deliquescing. — szrtJL, to deliquesce. 

tFu-K'WAi,(pron. FuKAi,) 7^7^, /j^ 
'^j (hokoro yokaradz,) Unwell, indisposed, 
sick ; To be on bad terms. — de goza- 
rimasz, do not feel well. Go — de art- 
ma$h*ta so na, you look as if you had not 
been well. Syn. bitOki, ambai warcl 

tFu-K'WAI, 7^74, (t #, n. A forced 
comparison or analogy; straining or wrest- 
ing the meaning of words. — szru, — 
no setsz. Syn. kojitszkr. 

FUKU-TAKU, 7^^^, BR H, (hiszri wo 
nomu^J To take medicine. — szru. 

FUKU-ZONASHI, 7^^f♦-^5^, |tt Sli. 
(oi kakusz koto nasht,) Without conceal- 
ment. Fvkuzd naku okanasht nasat, speak 
without concealment. 

FuMASB,-rM,-^a, 7^-t;^, or Fumashi, 
szj-sh'ta, y^^, ^ ^,t.v. To cause 
to walk on, or tread. 

FuMAYB,-rw,-^a, 7^^;^, To tread on, 
to step on Fumayete tigokasziiaiy tread 
on it, and keep it from moving. 

FuM-BARl,-r«^,-«a, 7 ^^NVi-, Kf 51? *'• ^' 
To spread out the legs, to strut. Funir 
batte aruhi, to walk, with long steps. 

FUMBATAKARU, yy^s^^i,,^, i^ ^, t. r. 
To straddle, to strut, to walk with a proud 
gait, to swagger. Syn. fakko szru. 

FUM-BETSZ, 7 y^ ^, ^ ^rj, (wakimaye,) 
«. Judgment, discrimination, discern- 
ment; a plan » expedient. — ««rw, to judge 
of, discriminate. — no naiKio da^ a per- 
son of no judgment. 

tFuM-BO, yy^:, J| ^,n. A tomb, grave. 
Syn. haka. 

Fu-MI, 7 ♦ i , a ^, n. Flavor, taste, 
Syn. ajiwai. 

FuMi, 7 5 , $, n. A writing of any kind, 
a book, a letter. — tco kaku ; — ico ya- 

ru, — tco kiraku ; — wo tstkeru \ wo yo* 

mu'y Syn. tkqami, suomotsz. 
FuMl,-w2M,-ncZa, 7>, j^, ^r. To tread 

on, to step on, walk on, trample on. A'm- 

rai wofumu, to reign, sit on the throne. 

Micki wo tori nagara hebi wo fundoy 

whilst going along the road I trod on a 

snake. Mehata wo funde-miru, to guess 

at the weight. 
FuMl-ARASHI,-SZ,-sA7a, yiTy^y^, 

^, ^ r. To destroy or lay waste by 

treading over. 
FuMl-BAKO, 7 ^ ^^^, 3(^5^,^. A box 

used for carrying letters Syn. fubako. 
FuMl-DAN, yi^y,^^,n. A step- 
ping block, a step-ladder, stool. 

Syn. FUMi-TszQi. 
FuMl-DZKI, 7 ^ y^r, 3!t ^, w. The 7th 

FuMI HADZSHl,-52,-sA'to, y I ^\'^)f P^ , gf, 

5h, t. V. To make a misstep, to trip, 

FuMi-KATAMB,-rM,-ra, 7^^^>;i^, Kf 

S, t. V. To harden by treading on. 
FuMi-K0Mr,-7/iw,-nrfa, 7^3j^, Si 5^? 

U V. To step into. 
FuMi-K0R0SHi.-6z,-s/i'^a, 7 ^ 3p;^, ]^ 

^, t, V, To kill by treading on. 
FuMl-KOYE,-?-W,-^a, 7^3i;W, Jgf j^, 

t. V. To walk across, tread over. Kori 

wo — , to tread over the ice. 
FuMi-KUDAKr,-Z:?^-2Ya, y \ ^^'^^^fj^^ 

To break by treading on, tread to pieces. 
FUM1-MAYOI,-0,-0««, 7 5^3 7, J® g|, 

To wander from the way. 
FUMl-NARASBI,-52,-sA*^rt, yi^y^j Kf 

H^, t. V. To make a noise with the feet 

in walking. (|^ f^,) to level by treading 

FuM[-NIJlRl,-r?^,-^<rt, 7i^i^;^, K IB, 

t, V, To crush, or grind with the foot or 


FuMi-0T0SHi,,-5/i7a, y\i[y 7.^ Ki^? 

t. t\ To throw down by treading on, as 

anything standing. 
FUMl-TAOSHI,-.SZ,-.v/t'^a, 7 ^ ^ 7 -^ ,Ki® > 

t. V. To throw over by stepping on. 
FuMi-TODOMARi,-rM,-^^a, y I y K ^ ;^, 

Kf "Sj *• ^'- To halt, make a stand. 
FuMi-TSZBUSHi,-5z,-sA'^a, y I yT^y 

M \% '• ^- To break, crush, or mash 

with the foot. 
FuMi-TSZKE,-n^-^a, 7>^^;u, $§ f^, 

To tread on, step on, (fig ) to treat with 

contempt, to trample on. IPto wofiunt- 

tszhe ni szniy to trample on others. 

Digitized by 



FUN 7 

FUN 7 

FuMMlYO, 7 ^ ^ -v t»^, ^ B^, Qear, plain, 
distinct. Sjn. aKIkaka. 

FuMOTO, 7 ^ ^ , ]g, n. The base, or foot 
of a mountain. — no chaya^ tea house at 
the foot of the hill. 

tFuM-PATSz,-5zrM, yy^^i^ ^ ^, To 
become ardent, eager, ze^ous ; to be ex- 
cited, or roused to action from idleness, 
or inactivity. — sKte gakumon szru, roused 
u[ to the pursuit of learning. 


fFuM-pux, yy-fy, j^ |g^, adv. In a 
confused manner, in a dispersed manner, 
scattered here and there. Ki no ha kaze ni 
fum-fun to ochiru^ the leaves fell scatter- 
ed by the wind. Hana gafum-pun to niyo^ 
the fragrance of flowers was diffused all 

FuMU, 7 A, see Fumi. 

Fun, 7>', ^, n, Thetenthpai-tofaMon- 
me,==16 grs. Troy. Ippun, one fun, m- 
fun, two fun. 

Fun, 7 y, ^, (io.) n. Fine powder. Xim- 
pun, gold-dust, powdered gold. Gtm-pun, 
powdered silver. Mernpun^ flour. Teppun, 
powdered iron. 

Fun, 7 y, ^, n. Dung, feces. Kono neko 
funshi ga warui, the cat is filthy in her 
habits. Tori no — . Syn. KUsO. 

FUNA, 7-^, ifj, n. A kind of river fish, 

FUNA-ASOBI, 7 -^ 7 y t' , IS ^, n. Boat- 
ing for pleasure. 

FuNABA, 7-hxN-, la ig, n. A place where 
boats, or ships are used ; sea port. 
Syn. MiNATo. 

FuNA-BASHi, 7-hxN^>^, |5;^,w. Abridge 
of boats, a pontoon bridge. 

FUNA-BATA, 7-^x^"^, jj^, Of FuNA-BERI, 

^-^-^•V, j(ft J^, n. The gunwale of a 

boat, or bulwarks of a ship. 
FUNABITO, 7-M:'>, ^ A, ". Sailors, 

boatmen. Syn. sendo. 
FuNA-CHiN, 7-hf .;/, ^ % n. Boat fare, 

FUNA-DAIKU, 7-h^M ^ , -fy ^ X. n. X 

ship-carpenter, a ship-builder. 
FUNA-DAMA, 7-^^■^?, ^ 5, «. The god 

of ships, worshiped by sailors. 
FUNA-DAYORI, 7-^^'^ V , :)fr fi!, (hinsen), 

n, Ship-opportunity ; by means of a ship. 

Osaka ye funadayori ga aruj there is an 

opportunity of going or sending to Osaka 

by ship, or, a ship is about to sail for Osaka. 
FUNA-DOIYA, 7-hhM^, ^ Pg M, n. A 

commission house for goods brought by 


FuNA-DZMl, 7-^^/^, *||, n. Loading 
a ship. Kon-nichi fana'dxmi wo itasht'- 
masz, I shall put in cargo to-day. Kon- 
nichi funa-dzmi de gozarimasz, this is the 
day for loading cargo. 

FuNA-GAKARl, 7-^ X^'tIt V , ^ H, n. An- 
choring, or making-fast a ship or boat. — 
wo szru, to anchor. — sh*te oru, to be at 

FUNA-GASSEN, or FuNA-IKUSA, 7-^;&'^ 
■'i ^> Ift 'S^ K» »• A naval battle. 

FuNA-Jl, 7-^^, IS K, ». The way, or 
distance by ship; The route of a ship. 
— wa oyoso iku sen rty about how many 
thousand miles is it by ship ? Shanghai ye 
no funa-ji wa dochira wo yuku, by what 
route does a ship go to Shanghai ? 

FUNA-KATA, 7-^*^, Jft- :^, ». Sailors, 

FUNA-KO, 7-^3, ^ :f , ;j. idem. 

FuNA-KOEORl, 7-^3^.'V, Ilia f&, n. A 
person saved from a shipwreck. 

FUNA-MANJU, 7-h^^r^, 15 « II, 
n. A ship's prostitute. 

FUNA-MOCHI, 7-^^■f, 15 ^, n. A ship, 

FuNA-ORosHi, 7 ^ ^ V 'y, 15 ftp, n. 
Launching a ship. 

FUNA-OSA, 7-^jt'^, 15 ^, n. The Cap- 
tain of a ship. 

FUNA-TSZKI, 7-h ^ +, |g ^, n. A place 
where boats or ships stop, or anchor. 

FuNA-UTA, 7-h^^, IBf ^, n. A boat 

FUNA-WATASHI, 7 -^ 7^^^,1115 ?t, n. A 

FUNA-Y.U)0, 7^^ K, IS ig, ». A sailors- 

inn. a boat house. A person who keeps 

boats for hire. 
FUNA-YOSOI, 7-^3 s/ t, m, n. Fitting out 

or preparing a ship for embarkation. 
FUNA-YUSAN, 7'^^-^y, |5 ^ Ul, »• A 

boat excursion for pleasure. 
FUNA-ZOKO, 7-^y'3, J^ jg, n. A ship's 

FuN-DEi, 7>^rM, # is, n. A kind of 

gilt paint. 
FUNDO, 7 :^ K^, ^ ^, w. The weights of 

a weighing beam, or scales. 
tFuNDO, 7 ;^ K, tg is,, n. Anger. 


FuN-DOSHi, 7yyty, If, w. The cloth 
w^om around the loins by Japanese. 

FUKE, 7^, ^^ n. A boat, ship; a vat, 
the large tub in a bath house, r— no hogeta^ 
the y ai-ds of a ship ; — no hodma^ the hal- 

Digitized by 


FUK 7 

FUli 7 


yards of a ship ; — no kaji, the rudder of a 
ship; — no tomo^ the poop of a ship ; — 
no omotCy the bow of a ship; — no Ao, the 
sail of a ship ; — no liohashka^ the masts 
of a ship ; — no aJca^ bilge water. — wo 
hoguy to scull a boat. — wo mof/Oy to lash 
b<xats together. — wo kakerVj to anchor a 
ship ; — wo niagirti. to tack. — wa itsz 
goro demasz^ when does the ship sail ? Itsz 
gorofunega kockira ye fszh'masko ka, when 
do you think the ship will arrive ? — ga 
yureru, the boat rocks. — ni noru, to 
embark, or ride in a ship ; — ni yd, to be 
sea-sick. — de yuku, to go bj ship, ^7 
tcoftme ni tszmUy to load cargo. 
tFuNEI, y^AyZ^^y pro, I. 

FuN-GOMf, 7y:^\,^^,n. A kind of 

pantaloon tied around the knee. 
tFuN-GEKI, yyy^, ^^ ^, Excited, 
roused into passion, animated, inflamed 
bj anger. Sjn. ikidoru. 
FuiJlAl, 7-rh, ;?; fa >g*. Unbecoming, 

not to fit, unsuitable, improper. 
tFuNlKU, 7-i^, Jj^ ^, 71. Gangrene, 
^ Fu-KIN-Jo, 7r.yip^^^ Z> A^. Un- 
kind, inhuman, cruel, without natural 
affection. Syn. fujitsz, hakujo. 
Fu-xiy-so, 7:^y^^, K- A ^. n. A 

bad physiognomy. 
Fu-N^YOI, 7-3/f ;?; in M,(kokorono 
onto yd ni naradz). Not to one's mind, dis- 
agreeable, unpleasant, offensive, incon- 
venient Syn. fujiyU. 

liFu-N'ro-Ho, 7-3^7, ;?; in fi, (h^ 

no gotohi naradz). Contrary to rule, or 

law, immoral, depraved, dissolute. 
FuN-jiTsz, yyi^^y, ^ % To lose. ^ 

shkta, have lost. Syn. usuinau, nakunaru. 
tFuN-KOTSZ, 7 ^3 5^, ^ »^, (hone wo ko 

ni szru). To pulverize the bones ; fig. to 

exert to the utmost, to labor to do, do 

with one's might, Syn. uone wo oku. 
Fu-KORI, 7 ^ / i; , Jf 1,^ , w. A wafer, 

sealing waT, gum used for sealing letters. 
FuKORI, 7 / V , ;^ Ji, n. A kind of sea- 

weed, used for glazing, and srarching. 
FuN-RlxV, 7 y I) y, ^ J®, n, A grain, 

the smallest particla — mo machigawanUy 

not the slightest mistake. 
tFuNRlu, yy^)^,1St^,n. An encyst- 

ed tumor. 
Fu-RACHI, 7^^,X^ i%. Wicked, vicious, 

unprincipled, abandoned, lawless. 
FuRA-FURA, 7 y7 y, adv. In a limber 

uninner, dizzy. — to memai ga sKU kita, 

to swoon, or faint away. Me ga -r- to 
szrUy eyes are dizzy. 

Fu-RAI, 7^7^, ® ^ 3SJ$. Cuming as if 
blown by the wind, having no owner or 
certain dwelling place. 

FURARI-TO, 7y^)y, ^ j^, adv. In a 
thoughtless, careless manner, ramblingly. 
Kodomo wa — deta^ the child has wander •» 
ed out. S3'u. FUTO. 

FuRAS:ii,-52,-sA7a, 7 y t.^ ^ 1^, or 

FuRASE,-ri^,-jfa, 7y^iV, Canst. of i^Wm 
To cause to shake. &c. Kami sama wa 
ante wofuraseru, God makes it rain. 

FURASZKO, 7 y 7. a^ \^ ^ ^^ n. A 
flask, bottle. 

FuRA-TSZKi,-i-?^,wVa, 7 7 v'iJ'. To bo 
shaky, trembling, unsteady, loose, tot- 

FuR£,-r^^,-^a, 71^/1-, ^, t.v. To touch, 
hit, strike against in passing; to graze, 
brush against ; to publish, make known, 
promulgate Te wo — , to touch the hand 
to anything. Hei ni fureru^ to brush 
against a fence. Me ni — , to get a glimpso 
of. Kimino ikari ni fur eta, to incur the 
Blaster's anger. Jiko ni fureru to be 
afiected by the climate. Yamai nifurerUy 
to contract disease. Ki ni -^, to offend, 
or hurt the feelings. fure wo fureru, 
to publish a proclamation. K'waijo ds 
fi^eru, to publish by a circular. OfurCy 
a government proclamation 


FuRE,-r2/,-^a, 7 wi-, iv. Turned or bent . 
from the proper ,or straight line, deflect- 
ed, canted, inclined. Ki ga fureta, to bo 
out of one's mind. lyega jfureta, the house 
is not trim. Migi ye fureta^ canted toward 
the right. Syn. chigai', magaru. 

FuuE-cHiRAsni.-52,-5A'^a, 7 u-f 7 ^^ 
US "^j ^•«*' '-To circulate, give publicity, 
make known here and there. 

FuRE-DASHI,-S2,-..5//7c/, 7t^^'^ ^ {!], 
Uv, To publish, make proclamation, cir- 
culate a notice. 

FuRE-GAKl, 7i/y/^, ^ §:, n. A pro. 

FuRE-SASE,-r2^.-^a, 7u-»f-k;u ^ jjg, or 

FuRBSHlME,-rw,-;(7, 7\^'y/)V^. To cause 
to be published, to make another to pu- 
blish. ^ 

FuRE-SFTlRASE-7-|(,-^a, 7l^J^f -t;!^, >^, 
j^ ^, To make known by proclamation, 
to publish abroad, to tell publicly. 

FuRl,-rw,-jJ^a, 7;i^, I^, {hudani), i.r. To 
fall as rain Am gafuru^ it rains. Tvki 
gn fvJte kita^ it has bcgini to snow. Sa- 

Digitized by 



FUR 7 

FUR 7 

kiiban shimo ga futta, there was frost last 
FuBl,-rM,-^/(7, 7/1-, ^, ^.r. To brandish, 
wave, flourish, to shake. Katana wofuru^ 
to brandish a sword. Te wo fidte aruku, 
to walk swinging the arms. lya da to 
hibe wo futta, shook his head, saymg he 
would not. 
FuRi;-?-w,-f^a, 7;^, IS, t^\ To pass, or 
ppeud time. YokoJiatna ni ite toshiwofuru 
koto go ncTij five years were spent living in 
Yokohama. Sjn. heru. 
FuRl, 7 V , ^, n. Numeral for swords. 
Naghiata Kto fun\ one halberd. Tachi 
sam-huri. three long swords. 
FuRI, 7 y , SI:, n. Manners, behavior, 
deportment, air, gait, carriage. Fori no 
wanii h'tOy a person of bad manners. Na- 
ri-furi, the dress, style of dress. Minu 
furi wo szru^ to act as if not seeing. 
Syn. \Osz, KATACin, szgata, nari. 
FuRI-AI, 7 V r h, ^ >^, «. Usual prac- 
tice, usage, custom, example. Syn. uki. 
FuRl-DASHl,-5Z,-s/i'<a, 7 V ^' ^ t^ ffi> 
i.v. To shnke out, P| ffi- To begin 
to rain. Kosho wo — , to shake out pep- 
per. Anie ga furi-dashta, it has begun 
to rain. 
FuRl-HAXACHl,-^sz,-^^a, 7V''N-h7, ^ 

JjJ, t. V. To shake off, shake loose. 
FuBl'EMiAl,-(iu,-atta, 7 V>'N7 7; '^j^? 

/. r. To shake off. (as dust.) 
FuRl-KAKE,-?-M,-^a, 7^)ij^f^, ^ ^, 

t. r. To sprinkle. 
FuRl-KAYE,-r?«,-fa, 7y^'^;»^, ^ jEj 
To look round, to look back, (^ ^,) To 
turn anything round. 
FuKl-KlRi,-rw,-^irt, 7 M;»^, ^ -^, t. V. 

To part in two by shaking. 
FuRl-KOMBRABE.-r?/,-^r/., 7 V ^^ f U-/^, 
^ ^ f|» Detained in the house by 
rain. A/ne nifurikomerareta. id. 
FuRl-MAWASHl,-sz,-sA'^a, 7V'^/N^, ^ 
^, ^ r. To brandish about. Katana 
wo — , to brandish a sword. 
FuRi-MUKi,-7;?^,-/^a, 7 V > i^, ^ IpJj 
/. r. To turn round towards, to turn and 
FuRlN, 7 ♦ V ^, ® l^> ^' A small bell 

hung up to be shaken by the wind. 
tFuRi-SAKE-Mi,-r24,-fa; 7 V -»f^ ^ ;^, ti? 
^ ^, To look up at. Ama no karafuri- 
FURI-SODE, 7 V V 7% ig %j w. Long 

pendulous sleeves. 
FuRl-So, 7 V-»f^, 1$ 4B? Appearance of 
rain. — de goznrimnsz^ it looks like rain, 

FuBi-szTE,-rM,-^a, 7 V -^ r ;^, ^ ^ 

tv. To throw away, to fling away. 
FuRi-TSZDZKi,-fcM,-i^a, 7 V yy^, pHPt, 

t. r. To rain for several successive 

FuRl-TSZKE.-??i,-^a, 7V/^/^j ^ ^j 

^ r. To turn away from in dislike. 
Fu-RlU, 7 ^ V ^7 S iSt Genteel, refined, 

elegant, classical, chaste. Syn. miyabi- 


FuRl-URi, 7 V ^ V , JS !K> ^- A peddler, 
one who hawks goods about. — wo szrUj 
to peddle goods. 
FURl-WAKE-GAMl, 7^)V^ifl,^^^i 

n. Long hair hanging down the back. 
Fu-RIYO, 7 V 3, ^ JS^j (omowadz) Con- 
trary to one's expectations, different from 
what was thought. 
FuRi-zoRA, 7Vy'7, ^ S, «. A cloudy 

sky that looks like rain. 
FuROj 7Vy Sn Sj **• ^ bath-tub; A box 
for drying lacquered ware in, an oven, a 
small culinary furnace. — nt iru^ to go 
into a bath-tub. Mushi-buro, a vapor-bath. 
FURO-BA, 7v^^^, JS S J^J ^- ^ ^^*^" 

FURO-FUKI, 7P7^r,jag?fc»^- ^ 

kind of food made of boiled radislies. 
FUROSHIKI, 7P5/=^, S S^i, w- A cloth 

used for wrappbg, a handkerchief. 
FURU, 7}^, (See^wn.) 
¥\JRVBi,-ru,-ta, 7/^t';^, TSf, i. r. To be 

old, and faded ; timeworn. 
FURU-DOJU, 7;^^'^/, •6' JE ^,n. Old 
furniture. — y«» a shop where old furni- 
ture is sold. 
FuRUl,-M,-wf^a, 7;i^^, ^, Toshake;to 
sift, to tremble, shiver, shudder. Kimono 
^PQ — J to shake one's clothes. SamukuU 
furu, to shiver with cold. Osorete Juru, 
to tremble with fear. Iga de mi-burui ga 
szni, to shudder with disgust. Udonko 
wo — , to sift flour. Ji ga furU^ the 
earth quakes. I wo tenka ni — , to make 
oiie's power felt over the whole em- 
FuRUi, 7iv h, f£, n. A seive. 
FuRUl, 7;^b, H^, w- A trembling, tremor, 
shaking, shivering. — ga aruy to have 
a trembling. 
FURUKU, orFuRU, 7;^^, ifr, ado. Idem. 
Furuku natta, has become old. FurU go- 
zarimasz, it is old. Fwrvhu szrUy to make 
look old and faded. 
FURU1-K1,-SH1, 7;i->f,-fi', a. Old not 
new, ancient, stale, decayed bj^ time. Fu- 

Digitized by 


FUS 7 

FUS 7 


rui iye, and old house. Furui himonoy 
old, worn out clothes. 

FUKUl-WAKERU, 7;Wt7^;i^, ^ ^, t.v. 
To separate by sifting. 

FUBU-Gl, 7;i^=¥, "ifr ^, n. Old clothes. 

FURU-GIRE, 7;i'^ix, "i^ -^. n. Old rags. 

FURU-KANE, y ,U ij :f, "& ^5 «• ^Id 

FURU-KUSAT,-KI, 7 ;I^ i^ ^^ ^ , l^,:^? 
a. Old-fashioned, antiquated, ancient, 
obsolete. — ttto,^an old song. 

FuRUMAI, 7;i'-r t, ^ ^, w. Deportment, 
behaviour, conduct, l^achi-furumai. (idem) 

FuRUMAi,-aw,-a^^a, 7/1-^7, ^,t,v To 
entertain, to treat, to feast. IPto ni furu- 
mau^^ to give a feast to a person. 
Syn. cHiso szru, motknasz. 

FURUMEKAS3I1,-KI, 7f^/ij'yA, a. Old, 
antiquated, ancient, obsolete. 

FURUMEKASHIKU, ^jX^l^^l/^^ a(fr. idem. 

FuRUSA, 7;Hf, !&, w. The oldness, an- 

FURU-SATO, 7;n^^5 "S" |^» ^- Native 
place, place of one's birth. Syn. kokiyo. • 

FURUTE, 7;i'r, "S* ^, w- Old clothes. 
— ya. a second hand clothing store. 
Syn- FURtJGi. 

FuRuWASHi,-5z,-sA'<a, yiv/\7.. Igj, 
f. r. To cause to tremble. Mi wofuru- 
vxisKu iru, was trembling. 

FuSA, 7^f, iSi? w- -A. tassel; numeral for 
bunches of grapes. Budo Kto fusa, one 
bunch of grapes. 

FDSAGARE,-rtt,-fa, 7-*^*V;P, pass, of fw- 
Bogii, Arw akindo Yokohama tco fvjsagareta^ 
that merchant has been shut out of Yoko- 

Fu8AGARi,-rM,-a^^a, y-^ifjx^, ^, % v. 
To be shut, closed, obstructed, blocked 
up. Cha-wan mina fusagatte oru, the tea- 
caps are all in use. Kuchi ga fusagai^u^ the 
mouth is shut. Michi ga fvAogatte oru, the 
roads are obstructed. Ki ga fusagartiy to 
be heavy at heart, gloomy. Te ga — to be 
busy, or occupied. Syn. tszmaru. 

FuSAGlj-^rw -i(/a, y-^/.^.t. t\ To shut, 
close, to stop up, block up, obstruct, to 
plug up, to dam up. Me wofmagu^ to shut 
the eyes. Kucki wo — ^ to shut the mouth. 
Nedzmi no ana ico — , to stop up a rat hole. 
Kawa wo — , to dam up a river. Kiwo 
fiuaide oru. to feel gloomy, melancholy. 
Syn. TszMERU. 

Fu-8Al, 7-tf>f, :^ $, (motojn. Hus- 
band and wife. 

tFu-SAI, 7-^^, /fi :f J Without talent, no 

Fu-S.\N, y-^y, 7 ^; (kitaradz:) Not 

Fuse, 7 -t, ^ tfe, n. Alms given to priests. 

— wo szru, to gne alms. Fuse-nwtsZj 

FvSEGi,-f/n,-ida, 7 -t ^\ ^, ti\ To ward 
off, to keep off. shut out, fend off, to resist, 
to repel, oppose. Teki tco fusegu. to resist 
the enemy. Kaze wo — , to keep off the 
wind. Te de — to ward off with the hand. 
Syn. bOgiyo szku. 

FusB^.i-TATAKAi,-aw,-rfi^a, 7 ^^^^ ij 
7, RJ5f 1^. t.v. To fight off, to fight and 
oppose. Syn. bOskv szru. 

Fusego, 7 -t^, {^ ^, w. a large basket. 

fFu-SEI, 7-k>f , ^ ^, Indolent, slothful, 

Fuse-NUI, 7 * :5? /[ , f^ I^, w. a hem, to 
lay and sew a hem. 

FuSERl,-rw-^^a, 7-b;U g, t.v. To turn 
bottom up. Chawan wo fxiseru^ to tuni a 
tea-cup bottom up. 

FuSERI,-rw,-^^c7, 7*;i', @l, /.r. To lie 
down, recline. Disete oru^ is lying down, is 
in bed. 

FUSE-ZEI, 7 -^^A, i)^ -^.fL An ambus- 
cade. Syn. FLKL'-IIEF. 

Fvsm,-sz,-sh^ta,7^,^, u v. To lie 
down, recline, (f^,) to bend down to 
stoop, (-j^,) prostrated. Kodomo gafu- 
sKte oru. the child is lying down. Ki ga 
haze de fmhimasKta, the tree was thrown 
down by the wind. Syn. neru. 

Fu-SHI. 7>^, ^ ^, (oya-ho,) «. Father 
and child. 

Fu-SHl, 7iy^ Jl^ Jp, w. Gall-nuts. Syn. 


fFu-sai, 7^5^, ^ ^,n. Teacher. 

Fu-8HI, 7 5^, fil, n. A joint, knot, notes, or 
tones of music. FtishihM^ the joints. 
Fushi ana, a knot hole. — wo tszkerii, to 
set to music, to make the musical marks. 
Take no — . the joint of a bamboo. 

Fu-SHI-AWASR, 7i^r^N^, /}J \h ^, Un- 
fortunate, misfortune, bad luck, calamity. 

— ni au, to meet with misfortune. 
FUSHI-DO, 7iyV, ^'^,n. A chamber. 

The lair of a wild beast. 

FUSHI-DZKE, 7^/^, fjS Pft, n. Setting 
songs to music, affixing the musical notes, 
(also) the punishment of crucifixion by 
dri'^ing the nails throuirh the joints. 

Fu-SHl-Gl, 7y^, 7f> ,@. ^, Strange, won- 
derful, surprising, marvelous, niinrculons, 
supernatural, — Jta koto da^ it is a wonder- 

Digitized by 



FUS 7 

FUT 7 

ful thing. — na koto ico S7ru, to work a I 
miracle. Syu. ayashii, ki-miyO. | 

FlISHl-KUKE''DACHl,-/«;,-^^rt,7>' ^l^i^^', \ 
t. r. To bo unoven, full of knots liono ' 
»V<i fushihttrtlutff iru, this board is full of 

FlTSm-MAUOBI,-/)//,-/^, 7i^^P7*;{Ji^, 
I. r. To fall and roll over. 

FrSHIMK, -7 ^^ > , US g , n, A knot in wood. ' 

Fu-SHIN, -^'yy, ;^ ^, Doubtfiil, suspi- 
cious, not clear, dubious, strange. 
Syn. iBrKAsnii, rrAGAWAsnn. 

Frs'niN, -'>'>'. ^ |§, n. A building. — 
sznt^ to construct, to buiUk ///<' vofn$hin 
*?m, to build a house. Syn. k^W'^akl' t^zur, 


FrsHi-Ov^vMi.--/ar,-H(f(/, -^ 5^ !:*'>, fj^ 
-Jf , A r. To bow down and worship. 

F0-SH1T&'., 7 »x :^, Jt il^, ». Rheuma- 

Frsurw, "* > ^ r, ^ iJ* ^, same as ^M- 

Fr-s::i\ --> n^, 7; R, (sznvr^t:.) Vn- 

ploJisant, — Mu i>f.''ih^ unpieasaut weather. 

/W<'.J *«ot- J m\ nolens vouns, 
tFr-si'o. -•^^. f 1^. (ni'h.) a s<:f 

depr\v:at,nir exprx^'Siii n.) SvUi:d» silly. 

awkward, m^: e^^ual to you — Kvi.-a^.f. 

aithou^'i I am >:u!ld, — *'.> iisLt<'jr.\ 

l^arvi' n uiv awk\varu:i::<5?. 
Fr-5Uio-oHu -: ^^ f, T t}C ^* Not 

Cvni><'U!uu. no* avpic^o;! ir. U'tw.I.:: j: 

Fr-^sac^roN\ - >- ? v ^ . "j; ^ ^f • 

T:ivHi^l.*U>Sx l.ix\L<.cs>, c*rv.v>iN w.;j. a: 

*Fr^\ -• v^ 5^ H^. *. Gra: ::u:l:vr. 
Fl;JMKA, • v'^ '^'\ «, CI.:* ,<e l\bV":<, 
*Fr5MK0Kl\ -*^Au ^. 1^ ;g g. it. J:^ 

n " - :. "v^ Ix' v-^* .; ":*; 

V^; -v^C\ - -r M >. T fe S- F ^ * ' - ". 

Fv>o\ ^ t. ><v ? . 
> . ^i- v. I .:- 

FUSZBE-IRO, 7^^4t», «. Smoky color. 
FuszBORl,-rw,~f/a, 7 ^ **;^, JS> »• ^* To 

be smoked; color changed or made dirty 

by smoke, smoky. lye ga fuszboUay the 

house is tranished with smoke. 

Syn. iBURD. KcroRU. 
FUSZJI, 7 ^ ^', ^ 3, Unjust, improper. 
FUSZMA, 7^-^, ^, n. Sliding screens 

covered with wall paper, also, a bed quilt. 
FUTA, 7 ^ , ^, «. A lid, cover. — tro szru, 

to cover with a lid. — tfo tcru^ to take off 

the lid. 
FuTA, 7^, 3S, «. A scab. Syn. KASA- 


FuTA, 7^, ;il. Two, (used only in comp. 

words.) Fata-michi^ two ways. 
FuTAGO, y ^^^ fl^: n. Twms. — ICO umu, 

to beget twins 
FC-TAK 7 ♦ ^ >r , H S- "- The tare of 

go^.^ds. the tassels of a pictures. — ga ilw 

ra, how much is the tare ? 
FUTA-GOKORO, -7^:^=iXf^ ^ jjj^. Not 

sincere, unfaithful, treacherous. — naku, 

faithtuK true, Iv\val- 
FUTA-UATA. -T^-y^, H Bx* Divided into 

two brai.olies. f rked. — d*iihm, a forked 

rails .. — %,jtrL a double headed spear. 
FrxAMtKl.-V::,-:':!', -^^;'^, i. r. To 

pan: wi;a alarm or eiciremenu to be 

fiurriitl. 3rta:.:d. Aic j'^ fui^rakehu to be 

tiurric'i. a.::rLUtd. 3j:a:td. 
FrTANo, -^ /, U ill. «. Acl.thwom 

by w :;; u ar^j u: a ;lc 1 :< 
FlTA-NARl. -^+;. Z^ ?^- A. A her- 

uiiylr d::e. 
FriA.nA, - * t^. SS fl- »- Fa:Ler and 

n ;^'..r * xTtu'^^ >_»i-- ai'.o sr.ix. 
FlTAKU " * V . 31 A. »- Tw'> p-ersons, 

b'":lr :<rs n>v — .;~'^ c- y*Jim^ to c> to- 

FiTA-rAri. - ^ ^ i\ H. -i. T»lre. 

FiiAr^.^ - * -'^ 21- ^*^-- >}*- SI. 

Fl VAYK. "^ *-^ n ^. Tw: ->. dcable, 
5*v* 1- vTs^ — 7*rfrfr " wT:ip roand 
:• >, vi*-? z'^ ' r:*'.:> . * a r r-e.^ — 
/' ^ ( . l», : . - :. i 1 . jv i - . 1 i r* • I l-r wiih 

FC-r.I - >^ ». 5 ft. , MjJir -r. de- 

Fv-vji -A. ' r- » ^^ -j: ^ ^. B-:iy 

Fv~r\;, "->. 1; i,i. F-irl -^^. f- : J. 


T ^ a 

Digitized by 


FUT 7 

FUY 7 


Not turning the hand to all the work that 
is require'! of one, not able to do perfect- 
ly, completely or thoroughly, owing to 
being short-handed, or having too much 

to do. Syn, FUYtTKlTODOKI. 

FUTO, 7 1-, ^ H» tide. Suddenly, unex- 
pectedly, by chance, accidentally, casual- 
ly. — de ahnash*ta, met unexpectedly. — 
sk'ta kotOy accidental affair. 


tFuTO, yy,^ ^,n. A Buddhist pago- 
da Futoshij a priest. 

tFuTO, 7^^j /f ^, Heinous, criminal, 

Fu-TODOKI, 7 1- K^, /f S, Audacious, 
atrocious, daring, despising the restraints 
of law or decorum. — na yatsz da, 
Syn. rORACHi. 

FUT0I,-K1,-SHI, 7 f ^ ,*:{:, a. Thick, or 
large in diameter, big, coarse, daring, au- 
dacious. — itOy coarse thread. Ashi ga 
— J his legs are big. Futoi koto wo szru 
otoko da, one who does a daring thing. 
Kimo ga • — , bold, courageous. — ki^ a 
large tree. 

FUTOKU, or FuTo, 7 ^ ^, ic» (^^^' idem. 
Fidohu natta, has grown large. Futo goza- 
rknasZy it is thick. 

dfc i^> Spirited, mettlesome, fiery, of a 
horse only. — m^ma ni norUy to ride a 
spirited horse. 

FUTOKOBO, 7 y =iv, ^,n. The bosom, or 
pocket made by the folds of the clothes 
about the breast. — nl ireru^ to put into 
the bosom. Oga no futokoro ni ite nanl 
mo Mrcttm, always being in his mother's 
bosom is a dunce. Syn k wai cnin. 

Fu-tOKUI, 7 V ^/f, ;^ # S£, Unskilled, 
not an adept in, not versed in. 

Fu-T0KU-S31N',7 f ^5^>', ^f#>&, With- 
out consent, not assenting. Syn. fushOchi. 

FUTO-MOMO, 7 f ^^, iclS!j ^' The thigh. 

FUTO-MONO, 7 f ^/, ic ^) «• A kind of 

Futon, yy y ^ H, «. A mattrass, a 

quilted bed cover, a cushion. Zahuio7i, a 
Ymom,-r7i,-Ua, 7 V;^, JEj ^'•^- To be 
largo, fat, fleshy. Kono kodomo yohi fu- 
totta^ this child has grown very large. 


FUTURI, 7 h :r V 5 ic i!c, «. A thick kind 

of coarse silk goods. 
FCTOSA, 7 y ^^, ic, «. The largeness, the 

size. — wa d4))w kurai, 
(in diameter). 

what is the size? 

FuTSz, 7 ^y, \%^ n. France. — go, the 
French language. — no gurikan, a French 
ship of war. 

Fu-TSZDZKA, 7 ^^'y^, /Ji ;^, Improper, 
stupid, silly, ignorant, clownish, used in 
self depreciation. 

Fu-TSz-GO, 7-; if 7, /j; ^^, Incon- 
venient, not suited to, incommodious. 


FUTSZ-KA, 7 5^;!;, jH 0, The second day 

of the month ; two days. Go g teats 

futszha, the aeeoud day ot* the fifth month. 

FuUtka tateha gastmu, after two days I 

shall rest. 
FU-TSZKI-AI, 7 V^:^7t, ;p pft ^, No 

friendship, no intercourse, no intimacy. 

— ni natta, have broken off all intimacy. 

Syn. naka ga warui, utokuszru. 

Fu-TSzRi-Ai, 7 y i; r b, ;j; 1^ ^, Not 

matching, disproportioned, not balancing. 
Chochin ni tszH-gane wa fu-Uzri-ai da, a 
lantern cannot balance a big bell. — na 
fufu, a badly matched man and wtfe. 
Syn. Fu-so-o. 

FUTTEI, 7 V^ r -^ , ^ JS, a Scarce. lio 
wa kono seUz futtk ds gozarimasi, silk is 
at present very scarce. Syn. szkunai. 

Fu-TS'u, 7^^, /p 51, No communica- 
tion, no intercourse, no dealings. 


FuTTSZPwl, 7 V^ y y, adi\ The sound of 
anything snapping. — to kireru, to break 
with a snap. — to onwi-kirUy to dismiss 
entirely from one's thoughts. 

Fu-TS'u-y6, 7-;^ 3^, ^ ii iflj .Not 
current, not in use. or generally received. 

Fu-WA, 7 7, ;p flJ, (yawaragadz). On 
bad terms, unfriendly, disagreeing, no con- 
cord. Naka — to nam, 

FUWA-FUWA, 777 7, adv. In a light 
airy, buoyant manner, spongy, buoyant- 
ly. Kami ga kaze ni — to agaru^ paper 
rises buoyantly in the air. Pan ga — to 
fukureta, the bread is spongy and light. 

FuWAKE, 7 7 ^, Jllff ^, w. Dissection of 
a dead body, an autopsy. — wo szru, 
to dissect a dead body. Syn. kaid6 

FuvvARl-TO, 7 7 V ^ , fl^r. In a light and 
airy manner, buoyantly, spongy. — tonde 
kiiru, to come buoyantly, sailing (as a 

¥uYASui,-sz,-sh'ta, 7 A' 7., JiJ, t,i\ To 
cause to increase, to augment, to make 
more. Kin-kin wo fuyasKte yanu to in- 
crease the wages. Gunzei wo fuyashiiam 
yokarO. it would be bettor to increase the 
army. Syn. masz. 

Digitized by 



FUZ 7 

GUC ^ 

FuYE,-r?«;-<a, 7 :r.fU. Jj|, ?>. To increase, 
multiply, spread, augment in number or 
bulk; to enlarge, swell. liana gafuyeta, 
the flowers have spread. Xomi qa fuyeta, 
the fleas have become thick. Midz ni fiu- 
retefuyeta, to swell from being wet. 
Syn. Oki:-naru. 

FUYE, 7:3:, |g*, n. A flute, whistle. — 
icofaku, to blow the flute. 

F U YE, 7 =L^^^,n. The wind pipe. — 
ico tatsz, to cut the throat. Syn. nodobiyk. 

tFu-YEKr, 7=*^^ J yf |j, Without change, 
unchanging. Ban-dai fuyeb\ never chang- 
ing. Syn. K.\WAKA-NAI 

tFu-YEKl, 7:l^, ^>. Sj (yehimonai). 
Unprofitable, useless. 
Syn. muvaku, mdi>a. 

Fu-YEN, 7i>, /}J 3|^, Divorce, separa- 
tion of husband and wife. Fuyen ni narui 
to be divorced. — no gi niie oya moto 
ye hayeru. being divorced she returned to 
her father's house. 

fFuYETSZ, 7a:y, ^ irfj, w. A kind of 
axe. Syn. ono. 

Fu-YO, 7 3 ♦, ^ ^, «. (hasz no ham). 
The Lotus flower. 

Fu-YO, 7 3^, ^ ffi, Not wanted, not 
needed, of no use, useless. — nara tea- 
takushi chO-daiy if you don't want it give it 
to me. Syn. iranu. muda. 

FUYOI, 7B^A, Z> y^ %,(ho\oromo- 
chidz). Improvident, neglect of prepara- 

FUYOJIN, 7^^l^y, See Buyojin. 

FUYO-JO, 7-V^^'^x>, ;j; Ji ^, Care- 
less of one s health. 

FuYU, 7^, ^, n. Winter. 

FUYU-GOMORI^ 7 :x =f ^ \) ^ ^ ||, n. 
Kept in the house by the cold, confined 
by the winter. 

Fu-YUKl-TODOKI, 7 ^^Y V^ /J^^^, 
Not reaching to. or doing all that is re- 
quired, doing imperfectly, remissly, or not 
thoroughly. Syn. futemawaiu. 

FuyU-MEK1,-Zjw,-/Yc/, 7^/^, Wintery, 
having the appearance of winter. Kotio 
aida soro-sorofut/tmieitemairwwsh'ta /it has 
of late gradually been getting like wintLT. 

FrzAKE,-r«,-«f/, 7 ^f' ^ /i-j }^ Jgg, ur. To 
sport, romp, frolic. Kodoma wa fuza- 
keteoru, the children are froliclnng. 


FuZAKE,-nf,-fa7 -»f'^;U, fl^ ^. /. r. To 
swell and soften, fas rice when boiled.) 
Kome ga fuzaketa. 

FuzEl, 7-feM, ® "If, //. State, condition, 
manner, appearance, like. Nan no — mo 

wat, nothing very agreeable. Syn. arisa- 


Fu-ZETSZ, 7^-tf ^/, JB 1^, n. A report, 
rumor. Syn. fUbun, hivobax, uwasa. 

Fu-ZOKU, 7^/^, M iiSj w, Customs, 
manners, usages. Syn. narawashi, fu- 



IGa, ^', jH, (norimonoj n. A carriage, 
or norimon, used now only in letters, with- 
out retaining the original meaning. — 
wo todotneru^ to stop — wo unagasz, to 
go. — wo mageni. to come. 

Ga, or Gacho, ij\ Jg, n. A tame goose. 

Ga, ^, (1.) Sign of genitive case=: of; 
Watahushi ga tame ni, for my sake. 
Rare ga yorokobi, his joy. Soregasht ga 
7nono, my thing. (2.) As designating 
the subject of an intransitive verb, having 
also an indefinite sense; as, Amega/it- 
ru^ it rains; Fune ga deia^ a ship has 
sailed. To ga aita^ tha door is open. Sa- 
ke ga agatta^ the price of sake has risen. 
HHo ga nai, there is nobody. (3 ) As 
a conjunctive particle = but. Itte mo yot 
ga^ ihinai ho ga yoroshiiy you may go, but 
it would be better if you did not. W^ata- 
knshi wa yuku ga nanikago-yo wa nai ka^ 
I shall go, then can't I do something for 
you ? Hoho wo tadznemasKta ga Gensan 
wa i-^masen yo^ I have inquired all about, 
but, I can't find any such person as ^Ir. 
Gen. (4.) Sometimes as designating the 
subject of a transitive verb, same as ico. 
Cld'chi ga nomitaiy I wan't to nurse. Ha- 
nashi ga kikitaij I want to hear what is 

^^1 ^% 3f» ^^ occasion when congratula- 
tions, or felicitations are sent, a festival, 
holyday. Ga-szru, to congratulate, feli- 
citate. Ncn-ga^ new year's day. Sh^chi- 
ju no ga., congratulations to a person who 
has attained his 70th year. Ga no iicai, 
congratulations on reaching an advanced 
aire. Syn. iwaTT. 

Gacho, ifr^^'^^.n, A tame goose. 

GaCHI, ^'-f , ^, (from kachi to prevail. J 
An affix, giving the word to which it is 
joined the predominance in quantity or 
influence, as. Kotne-gachi no mesht, a 
food made of rice and wheat, where the 
rice is in the largest quantity. Ma-tzchi- 
gachi^ soil which is for the most part 
good. Kiiromi-gachij black the prevail- 
ing color. Tayetna'gachij at long inter- 

Digitized by 



GAN if 


vals. Okoiari gachi^ given to idleness. 
liszwari-gacht, given to lying. Kono 
Uzki amegacki da, this is a rainy month. 

Ga-1, if4y^My C^^ff^ kohyro,) One's 
own way, own will, own opiniom. — wo 
hosht-mama ni nasz, obstinately to follow 
one's Qwn opinion. 

Gai, ifyi y U, Injurious, hurtful. — szru^ 
to kilU murder. — ni naru, to be hurt- 
ful, injurious. — wo nozoku^ to abate an 
evil. Gaishin. ^ >jj», cruel disposition. 
Syn. soKONAU. 

Gai-BUN, fSce CPwcd'bun. 

Gai-KOTSZ, 7^^ ^ ^J', -^ *i'j w. The bones 
of dead persons. 

Gain-yaku, ify^^y%^, (See Gwan- 

IGai-So, tJT >{ ^^ i>, P^ Pf, n. A cough. 
Syn. sEKr. 

GakE, if^y j^ S5 » A precipice; a steep, 

— michx^ a road cut along a precipice. 

— kara ochiru^ to fall from a precipice. 
Syn. zEPPEKi. 

GaKE, if^^ coll. affix. = whilst. Ka- 
yeri-gake, whilst returning. Ki-qake ni 
uniosho ye yori^mashHa, whilst coming I 
called at the Custom-house. Tori-gake, 
whilst passing. ( 2. ) = quantity, as, 
Sammai gakej three times as much (in 
sheets), three fold. CPwaikoku no kami 
no cUszsa wa Nippon no kami no ni-mai- 
gake aru, foreign paper is twice as thick 
as Japanese. Syn. shixa, tszidk-ni. 

Gaki, if^, U ^, n. (wiyetaru oni,) A 
hungry spirit, or devil. The spirits of the 
dead punished with hunger in the Buddhist 
infemum. GaM-do, one of the eight divi- 
sions of the Buddhist Hades. 

Gakkaki, if^i3\), adv. Tired, fatigued, 
exhausted. — shHe oni. to be exhausted. 

Gakki, ff^ ^, Ul §|j 72. A musical instru- 

Gakko, if^ij^y^il^.n. A school, acad- 

Gakkuri, if^^\)y adv. Suddenly smk- 
ing down or losing strength like a person 
fainting. — djo wo shHa^ died suddenly. 
Syn. niwaka, bikkuki. 

Gaku, if^j |j|,w. Music. — wo shiraheru, 
to make music. Gaku-nin, a musician. 
Saru-gaku, a musical exhibition, or opera. 

Gaku, if^, ^^ n. Learning, literature, 
science. — ga aru, to be learned. — 
sai, literary talents. 

Gaku, ff^, ^, n. Tablets with paint- 
ed figures or inscriptions on them, sus- 
pended in houses, for ornament, or in 

temples, as votive offerings; a picture. 
— wo kakeru, to hang up a tablet. Ga- 
kudo^ ^ ^, a small temple in which 
votive offerings of pictures are hung. A 
picture gaJkry. 

Gaku-MON, iJ'^^y, ^ fp^, n. Learning, 
literature, science. — szni^ to study, to 
read, to apply ones self to learning. — jo, 
a school house. — ga agatta^ to madcc 
progress in learning. 

Gaku-R1y5, if^\y^, i^^, w. A school 
connected with a monastery. 

Gaku-SHA, if^'y^, ^ ^, 71. A scholar, 
learned man. 

Gaku-to, :*'^ h ♦. ^ ®, n. The head pu- 
pil of a school, a tutor, or usher. 

fGAKUZEN, if^^£y, ff ^^, adv. In an 
alarmed, started manner. 

GaMa, T&'^JSJif , n. A buU-frog. 

Gama, ^-e, f^, n. A kind of rush. — mu- 
shiroy a mat made of rushes. 

Ga-MAN, if^y, f^l§, n. Fortitude, pa- 
tience, endurance,. — ssntj to bear 
patiently, endure. — s/iie i-nasare, be 
patient. — no tszyoi h^to, a person of 
great fortitude. Yase-gaman wo szru, to 
assume or affect an appearance of forti- 
tude, Syn. KoRAYERr, shimbo szru. 

Gamasaii, if-^y>\, >^ fSi Jfi an affix, 
similar to rashii, = like to, in the man- 
ner of. Kuro-gamashiki, troublesome. 
Jo^Um-gamasliiku, waggish, mischievous. 
Fu-jingamashiiy unkindly. Syn. so-xa. 

GaM-BIYO, ify^L^^y BRjpj, (nie no ya- 
maiy) n. Ophthalmia. 

Gam-butsz, ifyy'^:;^ ^ ^, (nue mono,) 
n. Counterfeit, spurious. Kore wa — day 
this is a counteri'eit. 

IGaM-MOKU, iJ'y^^,^ @, (manako.)n. 
The eye ; (fig.) important. — wo tszke- 
ru, to aim at, fix the attention on. — na 
iokoro, an important place. 

Gan, ify, J^,n. A wild goose. Syn. kaki. 

GaN, ^'y, ^, (matiako,) n The eye. M- 
kagaUy fleshly eye. Shingany spiritual 
eye, (Bud.) Syn. me 

Gan, ifyy gH, See, Gwan. 

Gana, if-^y (impure ka of doubt, and na 
of desire,) cxclam. of doubt and desire. 
Nani-gana agetaiy I wish I had some 
thing to give him. Ano hHo no iye ni 
koto gana arekashi, I wish some evil might 
befal his family. 

Gan-CHI, ify^y Bf , n. Blind of one eye. 


Gan-gasa, 1fyff^\y ^^3 ^*- Anerup- 

Digitized by 


GAS if 

GED y 

tion on the legs which appears in the fall 
and disappears in the spring. 

Gan-gi, ify^, Id tK, n. Steps up the side 
of a hill. 

Gan-KA, ifyj]^ gg f , {rae no shHa\ Be- 
neath or below the eye. — m h'to wo 
t)ii-kiidaszj to look down on, or despise 

Gan-kubi, ;5r-^>^t', ||g. n. The bowl 
of a tobacco pipe. 

Gan-kutsz, i?'y^ ^y, ^ ^, (iwa yaj n. 
A cave ui the rocks. 

Gan-RAI, iJ-yyAj X^j See CPwanrai, 

Gan'-ri, ify\), X^!l, See CPwanri, 

Gankiki, ify\) ^r, ai -)], Strength of eye, 
sharpness of sight. — tszyoi hHoy a person 
of strong eyes. 

Gan-Sho, iJ'y'y^.M'^, see GTwansho, 

Gan-SHOKU, ;^'>Sx3>5', |g fe, (kao no 
tro,) n. The complexion, or color of the 
face, the countenance. — wo hayete ha- 
ra wo tatszy changed color and became 
f'"o'*y« — ^o tsskurau, to assume a pleas- 
ing expression of face. Syn. keshiki. 

Gan-zbki, ij'y^^, j^ :S, n. Rocks. 

Gan-zen, ij'y^y, gg |J, (menomaye,) 
Before the eyes, now, the present time. 

||Ganzenat,-KI,~SH1, ify^j^^^a. Cross, 
petulent, selfwilled, as a child. 

|iGAORr,-r2^,~oj!j!a, ifi:)i^, ^ fg, u v. To 
be humbled, crestfallen, mortified ; dispi- 
rited, heartless, discouraged. 

Gappi, if^:^^, ^ Q,(tszkiht,)n. Month 
and day ; date. — wo haku, to write the 

Gara, ;&'f , :{g, A suffix to nouns, = kind, 
quality, appearance, figure. Ifto-garaga 
yoi^ a person of good appearance. Shima- 
gara ga warui, the kind of striping is bad. 

Gara-gara, ify if 7, adv. The sound of 
rattling, like the falling of tiles, or of a 
waggon, rattling over stones. Kawaraga 

— to ochiru. 

Garan, ify y^ ^ ^, n. A Buddhist tem- 

Ga-RIU, if\)^,^^, Own peculiar style, 
self-tauirht method, or style. Kenjutsz wo 

— ni tsskau. Ji wo — ni Icalcu, 
Ga-SATSZ, if^-;, Rough and coarse in 

manner, careless. — na hHo, a rough and 
careless person. Syn. somatsz, ara-ara- 


fGA-SBi, ift,^ ^ JE, (wiye-jinu) Starv- 
ed to death. 

tGA-sai,--5Z7'«,-5A Vor, if^)i',%,i.v. To 
ride. K^imo ni gaszru, to ride on a cloud, 
yyn. Noiiu. 

GAS-Sfli,-s2n^,-sA7a, if^/y^ji^^ ^j^-v. 
To join together, to unite. Syn. awaszrXj. 

Gassho, if^y^^, y^ ^, (tewo awase^ 
ru.) Joined hands. Kami ni mukai gas- 
sho Bzru, 

IIGasso, if':^V^,^fl[. Unshaven headed, 
not having the hair cut. Ano h!to wo gasso. 

Gata-GATA, if^ if^ , adv. The sound of 
rattling, slamming. To ga — nru^ the door 
slams, or rattles (in the wind.) — furu^ to 

Gatapishi, if^^-y^ adv. The sound of 
feet, or wooden clogs, a pattering, or rat- 
tling noise. — to aruku. 

Gatari-to, if^ V \ , same as Gatagata. 

GATEN,-52rM, iff y, ^ U, To consent, 
to assent, allow. To understand, perceive. 
Gaten gayukadzj csinnot understand, sus- 
picious. Syn. shOchi, wakaru, yurUsz. 

Gatbra, iffy, A suffix to verbs, same as 
A^yartf,== while, at the same time that 
jffdna-mi gatera, while looking at the 
flowers. Tuki-gatera, while going. 


Gattai, ij'^y^A, ^ H, Like-minded, 
agreeing together. — szru, 

Gatten, if^/fy, same as Gaten. 

tGAYENDZRU, if-sy^,]., -^ ^ i. v. To con- 
sent, assent, be willing. •— ' ya inaya, are 
you willing or not ? 

GazamI, if"^" I, n. A kind of sea crab. 

IGazen, if^£y,\^ f^, adv. Suddenly. 
Syn NiwAKA-xi. 

Gb, y, A syllable suffixed to adjectives and 
other words,=looks like, manner, ap- 
pearance, as Uresht-ge na kao, a joyful 
countenai>ce. Samu-ge^ looking as if cold, 
or a cold appearance. Oshi-ge mo nahu, 
not appearing to regret, or grudge. 

tGB, y, ^g, n. Buddhist verses. — wo yo- 

Ge, y, ^^ (shimo^ shHa.) Below, beneath, 
down, inferior, under. To descend. — no 
shina, an article of inferior quality. — no 
maki, the last volume. 

Gb-ba, y^<, y ,^, (l^ma yori oriru.) 
To dismount from a horse. 

GEBl,-rw,-^a, y\:;i^, i. v. To be low, vul- 
gar, mean, base. 

Gb-chaku,^ ^'f^^, T ^, audari 
tszku.) To arrive at home from the cap- 
ital. ^ 

Ge-dai, ^'^A, ^h @, M. The name, or 
title on the outside of a book. Mon no 
— , the name of a book. Shihai no ge-dai^ 
the name of a play. 

Ge-dan, y^'>^, f g, n. Lower step, 

Digitized by 


GEK y 

GEN y 


grade, or degree. — ni hamayeru^ to hold 
the sword in the lower guard. 

tGfi-DATSZ, Y^'^, ^ JR, n. Deliverance 
from evil, salvation. — wo yeru^ to obtain 
deliverance from evil. (Bud.) 

IGe-DEN, yr >', ^^h H, n. Tiie title given 
by the Buddhist to books which treat only 
of outward conduct, as, the Chinese classics. 

tGB-DO, y^t;^, 5r(, Jf, (hoha no michi). 
Contrary to the true way, heretical, heter- 
odox. (Bud). 

fGE-DOKU, y K^, jff ^, n. An antidote 
to poison. 

tGE-GEN, YYy, y 5i, «. The last quar- 
ter of the moon. 

tGB-HAl, y/\/f, y 3|g, n. The lower 
classes of people. 

Ge-hin, yb>, y SjW- Inferior quality. 

Gei, YA , ^, n. Polite accomplishments. 
Biiu-gei, the six ac. viz., etiquette, music, 
horsemanship, archery, writing and arith- 

Gei-GEI, y /f y /f , adv. The sound of belch- 
ing. Amari taheru to — ga deru. 


Gei-ko, &'4 ^,^ ^, n. A dancing girl. 

GfilSHA, y/f ^^, ^ ^, idem. 

Gb-ji, yi', T^ ^, w. Command, order, 
(from a superior.) — wo szrUy to give ord- 
ers — wo ukeru, to receive a command. 
Syn. mOsbi-watashi, i-tszkb. 

Geji-geji, y^y^, tJUi, n, A kind of 
insect of i he family of Miriapoda 

Ge-JIKI, yy#,, «• Low in price, 
cheap. Ito ga ge-jihi ni natta, silk has bo- 
come low in price. — na mono, a low 
priced article. Syn. neda\ yaszi. 

Ge-jo, yys, HF "k^ «• a servant girl. 

Gb-jo, yi^3^, -f ^, To get out of a 
iiorimon. — bashi, the place where visitors 
to the palace leave the norimon. 

Gb-jun, y5^i>, f >§J, w. The last de- 
cade of the mouth. 

tGB-KAI, &'ij>\,y^,n. The lower world, 
this world. (Bud). 

Ge-kan, &'ijy, y^, n. Disease of the 

tGE-KETSZ, y>^ ^y, y J6t, n. (chihidari). 
A bloody flux. 

tGEKi-BAN, y#f ^, JJJ jJL, n. Revolt, 
rebellion, insurrection. — wo okosz, to ex- 
cite revolt. 

tGEKlRiN, y:^y:x, J^ g^, ;,. Imperial 

tGEKK6,yy^7^,^5t, (hzhnohihari). 

Ge-ko, y^, T*" ^, «. A temperate per- 
son, one who does not drink spirits. 

Ge-ko, y^^^, If [pj, (sKtaninmkd). To 
go down from the Capital, or from a tem- 

Ge-k'wa, Y^V, ^ 5^, w- Surgery. — 
isJMy a surgeon. — %w, surgical mstru- 

Gem-BUKU, y^/^, X J]R» The cere- 
mony of shaving off the forelock, and 
changing the name of a young man, on ar- 
riving at the age of 15, who then becomes 
a man. — szru, to perform the above 

fGEMMEl, y ^P' >i , jS ft;, Strict order. 

Gena, y-^, I hear that, is it so that. So 
da gcna, I hear it is so. Ano lito Yedo 
Icara kayerimash'ta gena, I hear that he haa 
returned from Yedo. Nihtgena lao, an 
Ugly face, 

Ge-NAN, y-^ y^l^ ^,n. A man-servant. 

Ge-ni, or Genimo, y-, jH, ado. Indeed, 
truly. Syri. jirsz-Nl. 

Ge-nin, :^-y, IP A? (shmohe)j n. A 

GENJi,-rt4 or dzrUy-jUa, ^'yy^fy, 3^, 
i'.v. To appear, to be visible, manifested. 
Ko-dun no toki moro-moro no dzi'd getijita, 
when he was preaching many strange 
signs appeared. Syn. arawarkru. mitkkc. 

GENJi,-rw or (hru-ta, ^y^ijv, j|^, U. 
To lessen, diminish, retrench, curtail, ab- 
breviate. Khtrkin wo — , to diminish the 
wages. Syn. herasz, habuku. 

Gen-ju, y>'y^^,jS^Sj Strict, severe, 
rigorous, secure, strong, well-fortified. — 
ni 8zru^ to make strong and secure. — ni 
tnatnoruy — ni nam. Syn. kibisiiii. 

Gen'-jdtsz, y^'^^v'j i7 tiftj ''• Secret 
arts, magic arts, supernatural powers, (of 
becoming invisible, &c). 

Gexka, Vy^7,i^ B§, n. A porch at 
the entrance of a 

tGENKAN, y^ijy, ^%, Severe cold. 

Gen-K1, y>'^, % ^, w. Natural vigor, 
strength, spirited, active, cheerful. — 
mru h'to, a person of vigorous constitu- 
tion, or of hiirh spirits. — no nai h'to, 
— gawarui- Syn. sei, ikioi. 

Genkin, y >'#>', g ^, w. Ready mo- 
ney, money paid down on delivery of 
goods. Gen kin kakene nashi, ready mon- 
ey and but one price. 

Genkotsz, y:^3, 71. The knuckles, fist. 

Gek-sho, y ^^ -t ♦ , {IS ii?, To lessen, dimin- 

Gen-SHO, & yy3, ^M^ Severe heat. 

Digitized by 



GEY ^^ 

GIR ^ 

IGhnSO, '^'^V, ^%, The essence, ac- 
tive principle, extract, (of medicine.) 

tGENSON, y :^ y >', i i^, Great-great- 
grand child. 

Gen-zai, >^'>'-^M, 5| ^gE, The present 
time, the present. — no Imha^ the mother 
one now has. 

Gen'-zk, y^-tf 5^ lit, »• The present 
world, the present life. (Budd.) 

GeN-zOKU, Yy-/!/, }g fS» To return 
to the world, to abandon the priesthood. 
— szru. 

Geppaku, y^y-^i'^J', ^ jt,«. The last part 
of the 1 2th month. 

Geppu, ^'^^-f, Pf ^, » Belching. — 
«zrw, to belch. — ga dent, Syn. okUbi. 

GE-RAKU,-m*t/, -^'7^5 T ^y To fall 
in price. 

Geri, y i; , "f 5^, w. Oiarrhaea. 

Gero, ^7^, Y g|5, M. Alow vulgar 

Gesan, V-^y, "f ill, (tjama wo hudaru). 
To descend a hill. 

Gesb,-?-w.,-^c/, y^/i-, #f, /.r. To under- 

IjGe-setsz, y-fe v^, f ^gj, per. pro, I, me, 

Gesen, y-t^, T^ {g, Vulgar, low, mean, 
base. — iia vwno, Syn. lYAsnii. 

GESHr,-6z/7£,-Za, y;^/, fj?, ^.f. To ex- 

GESar, ^y, g 3g, w. The summer 

Ge-SHIKU, y'y^^, y ig, The quarter- 
ing of the servants of Uaimio's in private 
houses, billeting. 

Geshi-kin, ^:/=.y, T ^ Aj w- ^ 

Ge-SHOKU, ^'ys^ ^ '^ H, n. Low em- 

Gesz, y;^, y ^, 7?. Low fellow, vulgar. 

GE--ZI, ^7. /[, 'y 7jC, ;?. Dirty water, 
the water of a drain, spittoon, &c. 

Geta, ^'^^ 1^ j^, w. Wooden clogs. — 
no hay the two pieces of wood under the sole. 

Get.^Z, yy, ^, w. The moon, month. 
This word is used only for reckoning time 
by months, as, ichi gctsz^ one month ; ni 
getsz. two months; gwatsz, is used in 
naming the monihs, tia go gtcatsz, the fifth 
month, Itigwatsz, the 9th month, &c. 

GetSZ-YA. yv'-V, M '^, A moonlight 
night. Syn. tszkI-yo. 

Geya, y-v, y M? ^'- A house or a- 
partmeuts built to connect with the main 

^, w. A forged writ- 

Ge-za, &*^\ f* ^, A lower seat. 

Ge-zai, y-»f'/f, T S^Jj ^- Purgative me- 

fGl, ^, ^, «. A prostitute, a singing 

Gl, ^, H, Right, just, proper, faithful, 
patriotic; meaning, signification; affair, bu- 
siness, = koto. lehi gifd mo ogohadz, made 
no objection. Gi ni szgireha katakuna ni 
narUf by being over much righteous we be- 
come bigoted. Konojino giwa ikaga^ what 
is the meaning of this word. — wo harUy 
to rouse up patriotic feelings. Kono gt, 
this business, or affair. Mtfi no gi, the 
above matter. Sago no gi de wa nai^ it is 
nothing of the kind. 

Gl-BUTSZ, ^7*^;^, ® ^, n. Counterfeit, 
spurious. Syn. gambutsz, nise-mono. 

Gl-HEl, :3f^/r, ^ :^, «. A faithful or 
loyal soldier. 

Gl-HITSZ, ^\L':^, 
ing, a forgery. 

tGl-JO, ^^3, :^ ii, w. A smging girl. 

GlKKURl-TO.:af ^ ^ i; |. ^adv, Startled,alarm- 
ed witli sudden apprehension. — hashi- 

GlMMl, ^y\y\^X^jn. Examination, in- 
spection, judging, inquiry, choosing. I'sztni- 
hito wo gimmi szru, to examine a criminal, 
— wo uJceru, to be judged. Syn. shirabe. 


tGl-MON, ^^y, g ^, (idagatte to.) 
Being in doubt about anytliing to inquire 
about it. 

GiM-PAKU, ^yy'i^j ^ fl, w. Silver 

Gin, =¥>', H, (shirohane,) n. Silver. — 
de koshirageru, made of silver. Ginsekaiy 
IR l!t ^» ground covered with snow. 
Gindei, ^ i^g, a kind of silvery paint. 

tGlN-DZRu, ^;^X;i., p^, To sing. 

Gl-NEN, ^^y^^^^j {xUagau omoi,) n. 
Doubt, suspicion. 

tGlN-GA, ^yff',^ IRf , n. The milky-way. 

GlN-SHU, ^y'y:!-, fSi i, n. Ac^italist, 
or one who advances the money. 

GiN-SZ, ^y^j ^ -p, n. Silver money. 

GiN-zA, ^y-^', f^ ^, /?. The mint where 
silver money is coined. 

GiN-ZAlKU, ^y^'A^, IR ite Xj ^'- Sil- 
ver ware. 

Gini, ^ V 5 H Mj ^^' Right, just, that which 
is proper, just, reasonable; meaning, signi- 
fication. — aru haha, rightful mother. — 
wo shiranu h'to da. — ni kancni. Kono 
ji no — wa nani, what ia the meaning of 
this word? Syn. Dori. 

Digitized by 


GIY ^ 

GO ^ 


GlBI-DATB, ^V^r, ^ a jlr,«. Doing 
justly, or acting kindly to others. — wo 
GlRl-GlJU, ^ iM V , Jl ^j w. The cro>^n 
of the head. The very lowest price. — 
ikura made make-nasaru^ what is the very 
lowest you will take ? 8yn. tszmoji. 
Giro-giro, ^v^v, or Giro-tszki,-/:w, 

—itaj ^v ^^y adv. Bright, shining. 
tGiRO, =¥ P '^ , ^ ;^, ». A prostitute house. 
tGlliON', ^vy^ Wk^^ ^' Debate, discus- 
sion, reasoning, argumejit. 
Gl-SHIKI, ^-y^, ^ ^, n. Etiquette, 

forms of ceremony. Syn. hOshiki. 
Gl-SHIN, ^yy,^ ^^(utagauh)koro,)n. 

Doubt, suspicion. 
GiTCHd, ^yf^^, 3i tt. n. A toy 

shaped like a wooden mallet. 
Glu-TO, ^^ f ♦, ^ ^, (uye hoso,) Vac- 
cine disease. 
Gl-WAKU, ^ 7 ^, ^ ;^, {lUagaL)^ n. 
Doubt, suspicion. Shin cliiu — wo shodz- 
ruj to beget suspicion. 
GlYAKU, ^-^j^, g, (okort,) n. Intermit- 
tent fever. 
GlYAKU, ^Y^, gfr, Contrary, adverse, 
opposite, — na koto, a matter the re- 
verse of what it should be, — m hazoyera^ 
to count backwards. — ni nagarera. to 
flow backwards. Syn. Sakasama. 
GlYAKU-FU, ^^^7'^, jjfr S, w- A con- 
trary wind. Syn. \ukai-kaze. 
GlYAKU-I, ^^^>f, i^:i;, w. Treason, 

treachery, rebelliousness, pei-tidy. 
GlYAKU-JO, ^^^^^^,51^^, {nohose,) 
n. Congestion or rush of blood to the head. 
GiYAKU-saiN% ^^^i^y, 5|J £, n. A 

treacherous or disloyal servant. 
GlYAKU-ZAN, ^^^^'y, J|t ^, n. An 

unnatural labor. 
GlYAKU-ZOKU, ^^^/^, iSt Mj ^ A 

traitor, rebel. 
61YAMAN, ^^-rry, ^ ^, n. Glass. 

Syn. BiiJOiui. 
tGlYO, :¥3, ,fi„ (uwo), n. Fish. Taiyiyo, 

^ M%^ ^ large fish. Syn. saKana. 
GlYO, ^3, :^, An epithet applied to the 
Mikado, Imperial. — i |® ^, Em])eror*s 
clothes. — ken^ ^ ^, Emperor's sword. 
Giy5, ^-v^, ff^ Religious austerities, or 
discipline. The numeral for rows. Go — , 
Jl fr? ^^^ fi^e elements. San — , three 
rows. — wo szru, to practice religious 
austerities, (as fasting, pilgrimages.) 
GiyO'ij fx SfCj the white clothes worn 
by pilgrims. 

GlYO-DZi, =¥ -v i> ^ 4 , fx 7JC, w. Bathing 

with warm water. 
tGlYo-FU, ^3 7, i^ :^, n. A fisherman. 

Syn. RiYOsiiI. 
GlYo-Gl, ^^i!7'^, fr ^, Correct, con- 
formed to propriety and decoinim ; deport- 
ment, manner. — ga warui^ rude, ill- 
mannered. — yohu narahii, arranged in 
proper order. Syn. tadashii. 
GlYO-GlYOSHI, ^^^^^^>^, fg 1% ,^ 

The name of a noisy bird. 
Giy6-giy6shii,-ki, ^3^^3^^/f, Ugl, 
a. Shrieking in sudden fright or anger ; 
noisy, clamerous. 
GlYO-I, ^3-^, ^ ^, (o M'oro.) Impe- 
rial mind, (used also to any honorable 
person.) — no tori, as your excellency 
GlYO-JA, ^^^i^^, fx ^% ti. One who 
practices religious austerities, or goes on 
a pilgrimage ; a hermit. 
GlYO-Jl, :¥^^-^, fx ^, w. An umpire, 

or judge, (of wrestlers). 
GlYO-jo, ^Yi>-?^^, ^tK? ^*- Actions, 

conduct. Syn. okoxai. 
GiYO-RUi, ^a/i'.j, gt ^, 7i. Thefi^h 

class of living things. 
GlYd-SAN, ^^^-^y, ^ llj, Very many, 
amazingly great. — ani^ there are a 
great many. — na koto wo /w, to exag- 
gerate. Syn TAiso. 
GlYO-SEKl, ^^^-t:^, fx ^,n. Conduct, 

actions, doings. 
GlYO-snix, :^3>^^, ^ ^, Sleep, (only 

used in addressing a superior,) 
GlYO-RETSZ, ^Y^ixv', fx PI, 71. Pro- 

cession, ranks. 
GlYO'TKJ^, -szru, ^^^ry,^%, To be 
amazed, astonished, surprised. 
Syn. EiKKCKi. 
GlYO-TO, ^3 h t>, ^ffi ffy, 71. Fish-oil. 
GlYOTTO, ^3 ^yy, f^^ adv. In an aston- 
ished surprised maiujer. 
Gl-ZKTSZ, ^'-tf ^y, ^ ^, ??. Breaking off 
friendly relations or intimacy. 
Syn. ZEKK5. 
Go, :^, ^, A term of respect or politeness 
used in addressing a superior, ==honorable, 
excellent.but frequently only ecpiivalent in 
English to, you, your. Go-yo, ^ jfj, gov- 
ernment service, Go-hatto, government 
prohibition. Gokanai^yowv (honor's) wife. 
Go-shisokiiy your son. Go-chuo^ your en- 
terta innient . Go-kigen yoroshii ka, are you 
in good health ? Go-vien 7iasare^ 1 bci^ 
your pardon. Okini goJcuro, I am much 
obliged to you. (for your trouble). An- 

Digitized by 



GOB rf 

GOJ d- 

gato gO'zarimasz, I tbank you. Go-shtn- 
setsz, your kindness. Go-ginka de go-zart- 
masz huy are you at leisure ? Go-setsz wa 
,go mottomo de gozarimasz^ what you say. 
Sir, is quite true. 
Syn. Givo, ov, 0. 

Go, ^, w. Beans mashed into paste. Ma- 
me no — . 

GrO, 3-, 3i, Five. JH-go, fifteen. Go-ju 
fifty. Go bu, five parts, half an inch. 
Gohuichi, one fifth. Go-nin, five persons. 
Go'taln, five times. Syn. itszt&z. 

Go, 3^, ^, 7?. Checkers. Go-tsht, (idem.) 
(white are called Shiro-ishi^ black Kuro- 
ishi). Go wo ut8z, to play checkers. 

Go, or^ ^, n. The time, proper time, fixed 
time. So)io go ni ittatte yakujo wo somth 
iw, when tlie time came he broke his pro- 
mise. Rinja no go ni nozomu^ to be near 
the time of death. Syn. toki, nichiqen. 

Go, if ^7, 5S> (f^yot,) Strong, powerful, 
stout, brave, intrepid. — tekty J3| ^^, 
a powerful enemy 

Go, 3't*?, j^, n. A measure of time used 
by the Buddhists, Williams' Diet, says 
500 years. Kanghi Diet, says, one genera- 

Go, 3^, ;^, (nocht'J. After in time, be- 
hind. Sono go wa otodzre ga nai, after 
that there were lio tidings. San nen go, 
after three years. Zen gOj before and 

Go, ify^^^n. A box for measuring 
grain, or liquids, 4 yJJ inches square, and 
2.y-J.J inches deep, containing S^.j- J Jf cub. 

Go, ory, m, n. The deeds, actions, or con- 
duct of man in tJiis life or in a previous 
state. Ahi — ,^'11, evil deeds. Zen 
— , # ^> go«<l ^^e^s. Shtkii —,^ -H, 
deeds done in a previous state of existence. 
H{'gd.^}f. ^, guiltless, having done neither 
good or evil. — hiyo, |j| ^, sickness, 
supposed to be a punisliment of deeds done 
in a previous state. Midzhara no go nite 
midzhara 1c wa wo uru. each one is rewarded 
according to his own doings. — no haka" 
ri, ^ %^. a pair of scales in hades, in 
which the deeds of jnen are weighed. 
Syn. oKoNAi. 

GoBAi-sHi, =fy<4'y, 3El io "^jr/w^^'J"- 

GoBAX, or •>;•>-, ^ ^,w. A checker-board. 

— no me, the squares on a checker-board. 
tGo-DATSZ, 7>' t> xN" y, ^ ^, A hair's 

breadth. — mo chigai ga nai, not the 

difi'ereuce of a hair's breadth. 

Go-b6, 3'^\"^, ^ H^, n. The dock (vege- 

Go-BUKU,-S2r«, ^^Yi^,^iji^,Uv. To 
bring into subjection, Akuma wo — , 
to exorcise evil spirits. 

GrODZME, =ry> J M JEj w. A real- body 
of troops. 

GODZMEDZ, lary^ y, ^ ^ ,|| |^, n, De- 
mons, having heads like the ox and horse, 
said to execute the office of gaolers in 
Hades. (Bud,) 

Go-FU, ^ 7 ^, ^ If , n, A charm, or 
small piece of paper on which a sentence 
from the Buddhist sacred books is written 
by a priest, it is sometimes rolled up, 
thrown into water, and drunk, in order to 
cure disease, Syn. mam or i. 

Go-FUKU, ^7^, :^ JlR, w Dry goods. 

Go-FUKUYA, ^7^^, :^JIRM, «• A dry- 
goods store. 

GOFUKU-ZASHI, zf y ^ ^' l/^ ^ flR Rt 
n. A measure of 2^ feet long used by 
mercer's; a yard-stick. 

GOFUN, ^7 ^, jE ^, n. Half a momme, 
=29.165 grs. Troy. 

GoFUN, =^7 y,-^^,n. Chalk. 

G6-G1, 1f^^^ a. Used as a coll. super- 
lative, applied to any thing great or ex- 
traordinar}'. — na }Cio^ a great man ; — 
ni kane wo moketa. 

GoGl-NI, if ^ ^ -^ H4 £. (i^^- Daring. 
boldly, insolently. 

Go-go, zf-^zf^^ adv. The sound of snor- 
ing. — to nam. 

Go-HAX, ::^/\ y. ^^ |S, (o-meshi.) n. Boiled 
rice, a meal. Asa gohan, breakfast. Hiru- 
gohan, dinner. Yu-gohan, supper. 
Syn. COZEN. 

Go-HATTO, =r?\ ^J' h , ^ ^ ;S, w. An im- 
perial law or prohibition. 

GOHEI, zr^/[ , ;^ 'j^, n. The cut paper 
placed in Miyas to represent the Kami. 

GOHEI-KATSZGI, =f^M]^:^^, ^ ^ Hi 
Superstitious, observant of lucky or un- 
lucky sign?. — no Kto. 

Go-HEV, "ar^^, ^ ^^ pro. You (to 

Go-ix, if^A y, 5£ J^, To ravish, to vio- 

Go-IN, =^^ y, 3i "^^n. The five kinds of 
articulate sounds. 

Go-JlN', ^'-f ;/, ^ f*^, n. The rear ranks 
of an army, the roar part of a camp. 

G6-JO, if^l^^^, 5^ IS. w. Obstinate, 
headstrong, strong self-will. 

Go-JU, 3r^7, £ -J-, a. Fifty. — ichi, 
fifty one. 

Digitized by 


GOK :f 

GOO =^ 


An imperial edict or proclamation pub- 
lished and hang up for the public. 

66-KA, if^ij^^^^n. A wealthy house 
or family, (applied only to lower classes.) 

Go-KAl, =^i3A,%T^, w. The five Bud- 
dhist commandments, against stealing, 
lying, intemperance, murder, and adultery. 

Go-KAKU, ^r^^, g |gp, «. Even, unde- 
cided, (as a battle.) a drawn game. — no 
tatakaiy a drawn battle. shoSu ga — rfa, 
victory was undecided. 

GoKE, ^^, ^ Sjcj w- A widow. 


Go-KETSZ, 7!^^^ ^, ^ ^, n. A person 
preeminent for learning, or ability of any 
kind, a hero. 

G6-K1, if^^, 55 ^, n. Stout hearted, 
bravery, courage, bold. — ga nai Kto. 

Go-KlYO, j-^^i*^, jg; 15. n. The five Chi- 
nese classics. 

Gt>-KOKU, 1^3^, ;^ ^, By and by, in a 
few minutes. Syn. noch'hodo. 

Go-KOKU, ^^^,^^y The five cereals, 
wheat, rice, millet, beans, and kibu 

GoKU, ^^, >g, ad,\}. In a superlative de- 
gree, extremely, eminently. — waruiy 
extremely bad. — yot, the best. — 
a^«», extremely hot. Syn. ircHi, ha>:a- 


GoKU-DO, =r^^t>^ n. A dissolute, profli- 
gate person. 

GOKU-GETSZ, =f^^'^^, S ^j ^ The last 
month of the year. Syn. shiwasz, ju-ni- 

GrOKU-HlN, =3r^ h ^, jg pp, n. An article 
of the very best quality. 

GrOKU-1, 3'^/f, ;j^ ^, «. The essential 
principle, chief point, ultimate end, or ob- 
ject. Syn. d-Gi. 

GOKU-JO, =f^}>^^, }g J:, ». The very 
best, or highest kind. — no shina. 

GOKU-MON, ^^^y,^ P^, w. The scaf- 
fold on which the head of a criminal is 
exposed to the public. 

GOKU-RAKU, =f^y^^i^^yn. The place 
of highest happiness; Paradise of the 
Buddhists. — sekaL Paradise. — sekai ni 
wnarunt, to enter Paradise. — no shujo^ 
the inhabitants of Paradise. 

GOKU-SOTSz, =t^ V ^;^ IgJ 2{f , w. A goaler, 
the persons who looks after prisoners in a 

GOKU-YA, =r^^, g{ ^, «. A gaol, prison. 
Syn. k6ya. 

GOKU-TSZBUSHI, zf^^^f-y, ^{ft, w. A 
droue, idler. 

GoMA, n'-T-, "^ Jf|5j[, n The sesamum oricn- 
talis. — no ahnra^ the oil of the s. o. used 
for cooking. Goma no hai\ a highway rob- 
ber. Goma ico szru, to court, or curry fa- 
vor by speaking evil of others, to slander. 

Goma, =r^^ M M^ >'• A Buddhist rite ; 
of saying prayers while fire is burning iu 
a brazier. — wo taku^ performing the 
above ceremony. 

GoMAKASHi,-.s2,-,s7i7a, =f-^^^, t.v. To 
hoodwink, blind, to conceal, or turn off 
by a devise. 

Go-men, ar> ^, ^ ^, (oyurmhinmare). 
Your honor's permission ; excused, par- 
doned by a superior. — kndasare^ excuse 
me, pardon me. — wo negau. to ask per- 
mission of a superior. Oyaku gomen ni 
natta, excused from public service. 

GOMI, =f X, ^, n. Dirt, dust, litter. 
— wo hakus to sweep up dirt. — wo harau, 
to brush off dust. Gomitorty a du«t pan. 

GoMi, zjri^n. The Eleagnus. 

Go-Ml-SHI, ^X'y,%% ^-,n.X kind of 

GOMOKU, ar^>^, ^ ^, n. Lilter, dirt, 
rubbish. — ha, di dirt heap, place where 
dirt and rubbish is thrown. 

GOMOKU-MESHI, z^^^/iy, % g ^, 
n. A kind of food made by mixing sev- 
eral kinds of vegetables with rice. 

G6-MON, if^=^y, J§ P!],«. Examination 
by torture, torture to extort confe."rsion. 

GoN, ^y^ ;|j|, Written with a title to show 
that it is a brevet, or honorary title mere- 
ly, as, Miisashi gon no kamt, honorary 
Mmashi no katni, Gon dai na gon, hono- 
rary Dai na gon. 

Gon, :fy^ *=*, (kotoha,) n. A word. Ichi 
gon mo nai, had not a word to say- 

GoxA, if'^'Y', n, A small kind of mollusca. 

tGoN-GlYu, =fy^^^,%fi^ Industrious 
in the performance of religious austerities. 

GoN-GO, 3^^^, b" 0, n. Words, speech, 
laniruage. — no oyohii tokoro ni aradz, fiat 
which no words can express. — do dan^ 
inexpressible, unutterable. — ni zesszrUj 
exceeding the power of laniiuajTe. 

Gox-JO,-52r?^ ^yi^^^, "^ Jl, 'Jo tell 
or report to a buperior. Syn. mosjhi- 


tGoN-KU, 3r^>^, -§• >^. n. A word or 
sentence. — mo demasen, did not utter a 
Go-NICHI, ifiL-^, ^ 0, n. A future day- 
Go-ON, =i^i[y^ ^ -pf, ;/. TJic name givi n 
to those S()und.s of the Chinejie cliaracters, 
brought to Japan in the reign of the IGili 

Digitized by 



GOS =t 

CiOZ 3- 

Emperor, and taught by Wani^ a Corean. 

The Buddhist use these sound only. 
Go-ran, zTf ;/,^J||^^ Look, (i^spectfu) 

and used only in speaking to another,) — 

nasarej look here. — fii ireru, show you, 

let you see. Churm too goranjUa ka^ did 

you see the parade? 
tG6-REl, if^i^A, gj/^, n. The word of 

command, order. — ico kudasZy to give an 

GoRlKl, yj'^\) 3^, Jg fj^ n. A strong man. 
tGo-RlN, =r])y^ ^ |gj, Five difTerent 

layers of sculpture, one on the top of the 

other. — no to, a monument made of 5 

styles of sculpture 
tGo-RlN, ari; y^ 35l {(&,«. The five human 

relations, of father and son; master and 

servant; husband and wife; of friends; 

and of brothers. 
GoRO, zfty, |g g§, n. The combination 

of syllables in a word, or of words in a 

line of poetry in respect of euphony, or 

measure. Syn. siiirabe. 
GoRO, :fv^^^^ n. Camlet. 
GORO-GORO, :^v:fv, adv. The sound of 

rumbling, or rolling as of thunder, or a 

waggoa Kami nari ga — to naru, the 

thunder rolls. 
GOROJI, =f^ T>^, (Yed. coll. for Goran). 

— fiasare, look ! 

GORO-JU, :3^7^t'^, iJU ^ 4», M. The 
council of State at Yedo. 

GoROTSZKI, =fv ^y^t, n. An idle vagabond, 
or bully, who extorts money by intimi- 

G0R0TSZKI,~7.-«,-i7a, =fv^y^, i.v. To lead 
an idle vagabond life, loafing; to make a 
rumbling noise. 

Go-SAl, :3r^^/f , :^ ^, n. A second wife. 

— wo ireru, to marry a second wife. 
Go-SAN-NARE, :^ -^ y -^ \^ A^ ^ jSLj Come 

on. Syn. iza. 
Go-SE, Il'^:, ^i!!:, (nochifio yo,) n. The 

world to come, future state. (Bud.) 
GO'^Kl, if ^^A^ 5g ^, adc. Mighty, 

great, important, very. — atszi^ mighty 

(very) hot. — )m koto wo sKtd, 
Go-SHA, ofy^^ :{^ 1^, Imperial pardon, 

Go-SHi,-6-;2,-.5A7a, 3';^,15J, ^r. To fix, 

appoint a time. Hi uo gosZj to appoint a 

day. Toki wo — , to set a time, fix an 

hour, Syn. SADAMKitr. 
tG5-SflI-6';2,-.s7<7a, 7&'^;^, |g, t.v. To 

name, to call JVa wo sadajtro to gUsz, 
. called his name, Sadajiro. 

Syn. NAizKiiuLT, ]\ioz. 

Go-SHlN-zo, ^^^<^, ^if 5i, n. Your 

honor's wife. 
Go-sh5, ^f-y^^, ^ ^, n. Future life of 

happiness. (Bud.) 
GoSHO, :3^>^3, ^ ^, n. The imperial res- 
idence, the court. 

Go-SHUDEN, 3-^^17^ ^'^ :^;3^Jg, «. The 
residence of the females of a noble's fam- 
ily, the harem. 

Go-SHU-lM, =ty^^ ^, ^ i^ PP, « The 
seal of the Shogxm^ (Tyhun.) — chi^ land 
granted by the Shogurij to which his seal 
is affixed. 

tGoszl,rr^>{,.^H^, n. Sleeping in tlie 
day time. 

tGo-szi, ^;^ 4 , 5£ S, The five decays in 
the condition of the Tennin^ when their 
period of happiness is completed. 

Got A-GOTA, =f in =f^, adv. Confused, mix- 
ed, jumbled together, mingled. — shts 

Go-TAl, ar^/f, 55; |;^, w. The five mem- 
bers of the body as the head, arms , and 
legs ; the whole body. 

Go-TAl-RO, ^r^/i^^^ ^fti:^, w. The 
prince regent. 

GoTAMAZE, 3'^n?^/, n. Jumbled together, 
mixed together in confusion. — ni narUy 

GoTA-Nl, ^^=.^n. A hodge-podge; medley 
of different kinds of food boiled together. 

G0TATSKl,-iw,-iYa, ^'^v^-^, f>. To be 
jumbied, confused, mi.xed together. 

Go-t6, ij'^^^, ^ ^, ^ Bandit, robber, 
highway man. 

GOTO-GOTO TO, =r). n-f }. , adv. The sound 
of water flowing from a bottle ; gurgling. 
— oto ga szru, to make a gurgling noise. 

Gotok:i,-ku,-shi, xi-h ^, ^q, Like to, as. 
same manner. Kono gotoku, thus, in this 
manner. UHo no gotoshi^ like a man. 
Moshi mo8z tokoro no gotokumba, if it be as 
you have said. Syn tori, yo. 

Go-TOKU, 3-]. ^, 5; ^^, w. A three leg- 
ged iron stand, used in boiling a tea ket- 

GOTO-NI, 3-}.-, ^, AT. Every, each. E'to 
gotoni, every body. Kuni gotoni, every 

G0TSZ-GOT6Z, :r-^=ry^ adv. The sound of 
hard things striking together. — to 

G5-Y0KU, if ^3^, 5£ j^, Strong lust, 
exceedingly covetous, greedy, or avaiici- 

GOZA, zf^', ^ ^, 71. A mat, Chinese mat- 

Go-ZANOWA, 3'f / V. :fa M ;^ P^, «• 

Digitized by 


GUD / 

GUll / 


The room in which a Lord or master gen- 
erally sits. 

GOZAFUN'E, cJ'-^'7:f, ^ft M I&j W. An iin- 
perial yacht, 

GozARi,-r«,-^^a, ^-^K/^, ^M> ^-^^ '^^ 
be, to have ; to come, (respectful for Aru.) 
Gozanntasz, I have, there is. Go%arima^eny 
have not, there is not. Gozarinuuz ka, 
have you? is there? GozartmashO, I 
think there is, or I think I have. 

GOZE, =f^, ^ ^, n. Blind women, who 
go about singing and playing on the gui- 

GoZEN, =f^ y, ^Jl 1j$, n. Boiled rice, or 
food generally. Syn. meshi, gohan. 

Go-ZEN, =3^y^^^ 'U', n. The presence of 
the Emj)eror, also, " your excellency," in 
speaking to a Daimio. 

tGu, ^, ^, Foolish, stupid, (used often as 
an humble word for one's-self ) GunaKto^ 
a danca Gunaloto wo iUj to talk nonsense. 
Gu'Sai, my (stupid) wife, Gusolcu^ ray (stu- 
pid) son, Gu an, my (humble) opinion, 
Gniy my (stupid) mind. Syn. baka. 

fGu, ^^, \^, Even number, -ffi'yw, odd 
and even. Syn. cho. 

GuAl, ^T\L, X '&'? w. The state, condi- 
tion ; the fit, working, or movement of 
thinM which are adjusted to one another, 
as, Aono hiki-dashi no guai ga yoi^ this 
drawer works nently and smootlily. Sho- 
ji no guai ga tcarui, the screen does not 
work smoothly. Guai tea do da, how are 
you ? Syn. ambai, ch6-shi. 

GuBUNiy, rr:=-y, ^^ Ay w. The at- 
tendents of the Emperor in going out ; 
or of a Kami when carried out in proces- 

Gu-CHI, ^+, Si 3^> ^- Nonsense, foolish- 
ness, silliness. — wo kohosz, to talk non- 
sense, 07ma wa — na mono. 

GuDO-GUDO, ^V^VyOdv. The sound of 
complaining, grumbling. — tu, to grum- 

GuDON, ^yy^ ^ Jlfe, w. Foolish and dull. 

GuD0-T6zKi-/.:w,-iYa, ^V^/^,u v. To 
loiter, to dilly-dally, to be slow and dila- 
tory. Nant wo gudotszite iru^ giiku nara^ 
hayaku ike, what are you dilly-dallying 
about, if you are going, go quick. 

GuDZ-GUDZ, /y/y, adv. Sound of grum- 
bling, foolish and idle complaining ; dilly- 
dallying, loitering, idling, lazily. — to 
iKte^ to be idle and without any fixed pur- 

GuDz-TSZKi.-itt;-2Va, ^ y v' ^^ , «'. v. 

GuDzRl ,-rz^,-<^or, ^' y ;u, pi^, t. v. To 

tease by unreasonable demands, to vex, 

annoy. Syn. nedahu. 
tGu-HO, //\7, Jjl, f^, (howohiromeru,) 

To disseminate, or propagate religious 

doctrines (Bud.) 
fGuMAI, /-^Ay ^ ^, Ignorant, stupid. 
GUMBAI, ^y^<A^ % 9E, n. A fan used 

in giving a command by military officers. 
GUM-BIYO, /;^t'^t>, 3^ ^,n. An army. 

Syn. GiNzBr. 
GuMI, ;/> , w. A small red berry. 
fGu-MO, f^"^, ^ |g. Ignorant, stupid. 
fGuM-ro, /y^.^, 1^ J[|^> ^ swarm of 

GuM-PO, ^ y y^7y H S;> ^- Military 

fGuN, ^y, 5-> (ikusa^)n. An army, war. 

— chiu, in the army. Ta-guny a large 

GUN-DAI, ^y^A , JU f^, n. The super- 

intendant of a county. 
Gun-dan, ^y^y,!SlLW.y 0'^^ no ha- 

nashi,) n. Talking about war, war-stories. 
GuN-QAKU, ^yif^, % ^, n. The art of 

Gun'ya-GUN'ya, /.n-y /r:-y,fl(fr. Limber, 

soft, plaiant, flabby. 
Gun'yari, /.n-vV, (idem.) 
Gun- JIN, ^yi^y,%Ji^,(ikusanokami,) 

n. The god of war. ( Hachi-man sama.) 
GuN-JiN, ^yyy, ^ W,n. An encamp- 

GuN-KAN, ^y^ yy^f&y n. A ship of 

GuN-REl, /^u-^t, 5 ^1 "• An order, or 

command given to an army. 
GuN-SAN, ^y-^ry, Jf :#, (muragarima- 

int.) To flock together, assemble in 

GuN-SHl, ^y-y. %. 0$, n. An army officer. 
GuN-SHiN, yy-yy^ |^ E, w. The whole 

crowd of servants. 
GUN-SBO, />>^3, ? ^, /?. A history of 

GuN-SOTSz, /> V i^ ^ 2fL, n. Common 

GuN-ZKi, yy^A'i %. ^, n. An army. 

GuN-Yo-KiN, ^y^^^y,%^^, n. 

Army or war expenses. 

GuRA-GURA, /y/-^, adv, A rocking mo- 
tion. Ftine ga — S'zni, the boat rocks. Ige 
jishin de — «2r?/, the house is rocked by the 
earthquake. Ha ga — smi^ the tooth is 

GuRE,-rM,-^a, /u ;Uj i. r. To slip oflf; to 

Digitized by 



GWA !f 


fail to perform (as a promise.) Tak'sohuga 
gureta^ the engagement has failed. Ki ga 
— to be out of one's mind. 

Gu-r6, /p^, ^ H, 11. Ridicule, deri- 
sion, joking, making sport. — szru, 
Syn. AZAKHRU, naburu. 

GuSA TO, y-^j (coll.) The sound of stab- 
bing a hollow place. Ahara wo gusa to 
tszkuy stabbed him in the chest. iVbrfo 
wo — trareru. shot him in the neck. 

GuSHl, ^-y, ^, w. The hair, (only used 
with or mi preceeding), as, Migushi^ 
your (honor's) hair. Ogashi agemasho^ 
let me do up your hair. Syn. Rami. 

GuSHl,-5Z7*2^,-6-A'^a, f^j^^ '^, i.v. To ac- 
company, go along with. Gush'te yuhu. 

GuSOKU, /y^, ^ JE, w. A coat of mail, 
complete armor. Syn. katchid, yoroi- 

GuS0KU,-62r2A, / y ^ , :ft JE, t. V, To be 
complete, perfect, entire, completely fur- 
nished, to have. Syn. sonawaru. 

Guta-GUTA to, /^ ;/^, adv. In a flabby 
limber manner. 

GUTARl TO, /^ V , (idem.) 

GuTATSZKl;-/vn^5-/^a, ;^^^/^, To be lim- 

GUTTO, /*;' }• 5 adv. In a flash, in an in- 
stant. — nomikomuj swallowed it in 
one gulp, or understood it at once. 

G'WAl-BU.V, ^V^T'y, ^ Eg, (hokaye 
hikoyeru). n. The hearing by others, or the 
publishing of anything Avliich one would 
keep secret, or is ashamed of; publicly 
known, notoriety, reputation. — ga warui^ 
ashamed to have others know. Tose — 
ga icarui, stop, don't let others hear you. 
Jye no — ni kakawaru^ to be injurious to 
the reputation of a family. 

fGVAlSOFU, ^VA y7, ^h SB. ^, n. Ma- 
ternal grandfather. 

G'WAN, /7 y, ^, (negai)j n. Desire, 
or request, made to the kamt; prayer, sup- 
plication, vow. — wo tateni, to make 
supplication, or offer up a prayer. — wo 
kakerii, idem. — wo haiasz, to perform 
one's vow. — hodoki wo szni^ idem. — 
ga kafiota, the prayer has been heard. 

G'WAN-jiTSz, fV^l^'y, jt H,w. New 
year's day, the first day of the year. 

G'WAN-KIN, ^y y=L y^ jg3 Aj ^- A beg- 
ging priest. 

G'vvANRAT, ^V ^yA, 7C3j5, (motoyori)j 
adv. Originally, anciently, from the first, 
always before this. Kono JCto — yowai^ 
this man has always been weak. — tszyoi 
kttni naredonio ima wa yowaku-natta^ it 

was originally a powerful state, but it is 

now weak. Syn. zen-tai, hon-rai. 
G'WAN-RI, ^7>^)y%^, n. Principal 

and interest 
G'wAN-SHO, ;/7 yt^3^ Jg ^, (negaisho), 

w. A petition in writing. — wo sashi" 

G'WANYAKU, ^Vy^^, %'^,n. K pill. 
G'WATSz, ^V^9, J, (Uiki), n. Moon, 

month. Shd-g'watsz^ the first month. Ni 

— , the second month. Syn. getsz. 


H-^» ''^j ^» w. Sect, denomination, party. 
iViatwi Aa, what sect ? Syn. &hu-shi, rUi. 

Ha, ?\^ ]©, w. A tooth; the cutting edge, 
— wo kaiskiharu^ to bite the teeth to- 
gether ; gnash the teeth. — ga uhi, to 
set the teeth on edge. — ga kawaruy 
cutting the permanent teeth. — ga haye- 
ru^ to cut teeth. — ga tatsz mono nat\ 
too hard for the teeth, (fig.) invincible. 
Mayeba, incisors. Ktba, tusks, or canine 
teeth ; Okuba, molars. Mushi-ha, a ca- 
rious tooth. Ireha^ a false tooth. Noho- 
jiri no ha^ the teeth of a saw. Katana 
no ka^ the edge of a sword, or knife. Ifa 
wo nuku^ to extract a tooth. — wo mi" 
gakuy to clean the teeth. 

Ha, >»n, ^, n. A leaf. Ki m — , leaf of a 
tree. Kono-ha, (idem.) 

Ha-ahi, ysr\),^ ii, 71. A winged ant 

Haba, /\^<:j ||g, n. The breadth. — wa 
ni skaku, the breadth is two feet. Haba 
wo szru, to take up all the room, to crowd 
others out. Mayehaba, the breadth in 
front. Yoko'habaj breadth. 

HABAKARi,-rw,-^^a, ^s^^'ijfU^ 15? *• V. To 
fear, dread, to be backward in. Ayainatte 
araiamuru ni habakaru koto nakare, hav- 
ing committed an error don't be afraid 
to reform it. Habakari nagara, while 
dreading, (a respectful phrase, used in 
apologizing for what one is about to say, 
or do,)= allow me, excuse me, beg par- 
don for. Habakari de gozraimasz, much 
obliged to you, thank you. Habakan ni 
yiiku, to go to the privy. Syn. yenriyo 


Habaki, y'^y^'^jjfj ^,n. The metal ring 
Avhich fastens the s word-blade to the 

Habaki, ^\y<^, ^ rjl, w. Cloth-leggings. 
Syn. k'yahan. 

Digitized by 





\\liABAiii,-mu,-iida, /\y<'>, \^, (. v. To 
oppose, resist. Syn. kobamu. 

Habari, ^N^N^i;, JJJ §^,n. A laucet. 

ijHABATTAl, ^N^f 5^ ^ /f , Filled full, too large 
for the mouth. Kuchi ni — , the mouth 
stuflfed full. 

tHABERl,-rw,-WM, ^\K}\^, f^, {. i\ Used 
only in books, and as a substantive verb, 
to be, to have, same as soro. Ware seijin 
no soba ni haherite, I being at the side of 
the sage. Haherinu^ pret. Haheran, fut. 

HABlKORI,-?'U-0^^a, /\f3;U, ^ Jg, %, r. 

To spread, to mi^ltiply, increase, extend, 
disseminate, (fig.) to be arrogant, conceit- 
ed. Kusa ga luihikotta^ the grass has 
spread all about. DeH-mono ga hahikotta, 
the eruption has spread. Ano Kto hah'kotte 
oru, that man is puflfed up, or, makes a 
swell. Shmhi ga — , the sect spreads. 


Ha-oki, ^N^N-^^:^, ^ ,7^., n. A feather, 

HABUKABE-r?^,-^a, ?\r^, |6^, (pass, of 
nahiihi.) Ano h'to wa iiakama too hahuka- 
reia, that mm has been left out of the 

HABUKl,^;M,--2Ya, >\r ^, t§, t.v. To 
lessen, diminish, curtail, to shorten, to re- 
duce in number or quantity, to deduct, 
subtract, to abbreviate, to elide, (as a 
syllable ) Kadz wo hahuhi, to lessen the 
number. T&ziye wo — , to reduce expenses. 
Jino kaku wo — , to abbreviate a word, (in 
writing). Ogori wo — , to curtail extrav- 
agance in living. Syn. UKRASz, gendzru, 
GEX-sno tzRtr. 

Haburi, .Nrv,^ ^, n. The flapping 
of wings, (fig.) power, influence, authority. 

— ga yokunatta. 

Habutaye, ^n/^^, ^ :;: g;; n. A kind 

of silk fabric. 
Hachi, /Nf , /\, fl. Eight, ITachi-ju^Qighiy. 

Ju-hachi, eighteen. 

Sjm. YATSZ. 

Hachi, /\-f , ||:, n. A bowl, pot, basin. 
Atama no — , the skull. IFigeki 7io — , a 
flower-pot. Hihacki, a brazier. Kihachi^ a 
'Wooden bowl. 

Hachi, /x-f , t|, w. A bee. MUsz-lacM, 
the honey-bee. Kunm-hachi, a humble-bee. 

— no $z. vl bee-hive. 

Ha-chiku, ^Nf iJ^, l^tt, n. A kind of 

IHa-cbiku, .s^^, g|[ fj-, The splitting 
of a bamboo. Ikioi, hackiku no gotoku, a 
force, or power which breaks whatever 
opposes it, as easy as splitting a bamboo. 


Hachi-MAKI, /\'f^^,n. A haudkercehif 
tied around the head. 

Hachi-MAN, /\^-^y, /V |§, n. An Em- 
peror of Japan, of the 16th dynasty, 
(about A. D. 275) in whose reign the Chi- 
nese classics, and art of weaving, were in- 
troduced into Japan. He is now worship- 
ed as the god of war. 

Hachi-mjisz, ^\i-l *;', ij ^% n. Floney. 

Hachi-kix-gki, /x-f-;^y/f, A A IS, 
«. A ventriloquist. 

IIachisz, /\-f ;^, jH, n. The Althea. 

Hachi-taTakI, ^\^^^^, ^ |p, n. A 
begging priest who goes about beating au 
iron bowl. 

Hada, /\^\ ^, n. Bare, naked; the skin, 
the body. Kaiuhada nuide shigoto wo szruy 
baring one shoulder to work. Moro-hada, 
both shoulders bare. Katana no had<x, the 
naked blade of a sword. Ki 710 hada^ the 
body of a tree (the bark removed.) ITada 
no kiiroi Kto, a man wiili a black skhi. Moto 
yon otoko no — wo fwrenai^ never had 
carnal iutercourse with a man. 
Syn. UADAYE, kawa. 

Hada-gi, /n^'^, flIL ^, w. A shirt, or gar- 
ment worn next the skin. Syn. jiban. 

Hadaka, ?\^'jj, :j^, Naked, bare. Kimo- 
no wo ftuide — ni naru^ to take oft' the 
clothes and become naked. Ano Kto — de 
iru, that man is naked. 

HADAKARi,-r?^,-^^c/, /\^ij}V^ i. r. To 
straddle ; to part the legs wide, or stretch 
the arms out. Hadakari-tatsz, to stand 
with the legs wide apart. Syn. fumbakU. 

HADAKE,-r?<,-^a, /N^'»;i^, P^, t.v. To 
make bare, to uncover, to stretch apart, 
stretch open. FiUokoro wo — , to bare the 
breast. Me wo — , to open the eyes. JCuchi 
wo — , to stretch open the mouth. 
Syn. iiiKAKt;. 

Hadankiyo, ^\^'y^^i;, E J. ^> ^• 
An almond. ■ 

HADANUGl,-A7lt,-//rt, /N^^/, ffi, i'V. 
To be bare or naked to the waist. Ma- 
danuite oni, to be naked to the waist. 

Hadashi, yN^-jx, ^ g5fe, n. Bare-footed. 

Hadatszke, ?\^'^y^, |f, w. The pad 
beneath the saddle. 

Hada YE, ^n^^'-s, @, «. The bare skin, 
the surface, the body, (same as Hada). 
Kin no hadaye, a golden body. 

Hade, a 7', 3^ |f.. Gay, fine, gaudy, 
showy. Hadena kimonoy gay clothing. 
Hadeska^ a person fond of drcs.'s, a fop, 
Hade-ni kxru^ to dress gaily. 


Digitized by 





HadZ, ^\^/, El S, n. The Croton seeds. 
— no ahura^ Crotonoil. 

HaDZ, ys y, n. The groove in an ar- 
row, in wliich the bow-sia-ing fits. Should, 
ought, proper, must, obligation, duty, right. 
Yahadz^xhe groove of an arrow. Kuru-hadz, 
should come. Szru-hadz no mono, a thing 
that should be done. So 8%ru hadx ga nai, 
he ought not to do so ; it is what ought 
not to be done; not obliged to do so. 
JIadz ga chiguta, has failed to do what 
should have been done. So iu hadz ga 
7iai, it cannot be so. Sjn. doki, beki, 

nADZKASHiaAKl,-r«,-/^(7, /S^/ij^ If P ^ 
^, i.r. To be bashful, modest, shy, 
ashamed. Mmzme ga hadskashigarite 
sehimen szru, the girl being bashful blush- 

Hadzkashi1j-ki,-shi, /\^/ij'yA, Bfc, a. 
Ashamed, mortified, abashed. Hadzka- 
shihii koto^ a thing to be ashamed of. 

HadzKASHIKU, ^svf-ht/^^ 9t» ^^' ~ 
omoj to feel ashamed. Syn. membokunai. 

HadzKASHIMI, ?\y'h'y/y ^, n. Shame, 

HADZKASHIME,-n/,-^«, ^^^fij^J^f^j J8» 
t V. To cause another to feel shame, to 
make ashamed. 

HaDZKASHISA, ^^^/)57S^-»^» My ^- Shame. 

HadZRI, ^>^^/^, a My (hachig'waUz),n. 
The eighth month. 

HadZMI, /\>/ i , n. Spring, bound, recoil, 
rebound, reaction, impulse. Teppa wo 
hanasz hadzmi ni korobu, to fall by the 
recoil of a gun. — ni iobu, to jump with 
a spring. Do-yu hadzmi de taorimasKta 
rO, how did you happen to fall ? Tachi- 
agaric hadzmi ni a^hi wo fund-szberashi 
aomukesama ni taoreta, in rising up her 
foot slipped and she fell backwards. 

llK\yzm.-mu-nda^ ^\'yj^, t.r. To re- 
bound, to recoiU react, to spring. Jki 
i/a hadzmu, to catch the breath* 

HadzNA, /^y-^, ^ $H, n. A halter, or 
rope passed through the nose. 

HadzrE, /\yi/, ^, n. The end. Michi 
no — , the end of a road. Shtkii no — , 
the end of the town. Syn. tszmari, 


HADZRE.-r 2^,-^(7, v'\yt/;t', 5[\, i.t\ To 
be out of the place in which it fits, to be 
unfastened, unfixed, dislocated, disjointed, 
separated from, to fail, miss. Shoji ga — , 
the screen has slipped out of the groove. 
To ga — , the door is unhinged. Ine ga 
— , the crop has failed. Kondo shibai ga 
— . this time the theatre has been a fail- 

ure. Michi ni — , to be out of the right 
way. Mato wo ga ga — , the arrow has 
missed the mark. hadzre, a gi*eat Ml- 

HADz.SHi,-52,-sA7a. ^\V^, $h» ^^'- To 
undo, to take out of the place in which it 
fits, to unfasten, unfix, disconnect, to avoid, 
to miss. Shoji wo — , to take a screen 
out of its place. To wo — , to unhinge a 
door. Toki wo — , to miss the time. JTio 
wo — , to avoid a person, to slip out of 
liis way. Tumi no tszru wo — , to unbend 
a bow. Mato wo — , to miss the mark. 

Ha-FU, ^n7, fit JH, «. The gable of a 
house. , 

Hagai, ^\ij'^, ^, w. The wings of a 
bird. Syn. hank, tszb.4SA. 

Ha-GAKI, ^^^'4r, Jg ^, w. a memoran- 
dum, a note. 

Hagami, ^\ifl,Jf^^y n. Gnashing the 
teeth. — wo szru, to gnash the teeth. 

Hagane, ^\if^, i% n. Steel. 

HAGARE,-r2*,-<a, ^x i^V/i^, ^ l&J, Pass, of 
Hagu. To be stripped of one's clothes, &c., 
by another. Tozoku ni kimono wo hagareta^ 
to be stripped of clothes by thieves. 

HAGASHI,-&^,-5/4'^a, /\if^^ ^ My '• ^' 
To strip off, flay, denude. 

Hagatame, /\if^/^ "^ @, w. Harden- 
ing the teeth as, by eating mochi on new 
year's day. — no kuszriy medicine for 
hardening the teeth. . 

Hagayu,-K1,-SH1, /\;!ra>f , •gf'^, a. Itch- 
ing of the teeth, setting the teeth on edge ; 
the excitement felt in beholding a contest 
of any kind, and desire to help the weaker 
party; the desire to try one's hand at 
what others are doing; itching to interfere. 
JTagaguhi, adv. Syn. modokashiku omo. 

HagE, -ru,-ta^ ^^fP^ t.v. To be bald, 
bare, denuded, stripped, divested of cover- 
ing. Atama ga Juxgeta, head has become 
bald. Xete iru futon ga hageta, while 
sleeping the cover got off. Vso ga hageta, 
the lie is exposed. Urtishi ga hageta, the 
varnish has peeled off. Kale ga hageia, 
the plaster has fallen off. Rage-atama, 
a bald head. Hage-yama, a mountain 
bared of vegetation. 

HAGEMASHI,-52,-5A'^a, ?\^'^7^^ ||, L r. 
To urge on, incite, stimulate, quicken, 
rouse up, to animate. Ki wo hageniasz^ 
to rouse the spirits. Koye wo — , to speak 
with a low and stern voice. 

HAGEMI,-7WZ<,-7lfZcr, /N^/*, Jj^, f.r. To 
be diligent, assiduous, ardent, zealous in 
doing, to exert one's-eelf, to strive at. Shi* 
goto wo hagemvn to be diligent in business. 

Digitized by 





Hagende gakimim wo szru^ to study with 
zeal. Sjn. fumpatsz szrd, sei wo dasz. 

HAGBMl-Ai,-at*,-a^fa, ^^^ 5 r k, HJ -^5 
i, r. To strive together for, to vie with 
each other, to contend for. 

Haoeshii,-ki, /\y5^/f, ^^, <r. Violent, 
vehement, furious, severe, (of wind, rain, 
fire, waves, &c ) Sjn. tszygi, kibisijii, 


Hagbshiku,-U, ^\yi^^, gj^, adv, idem. 

Hagi, ^n^,^, n. The Lespedeza. 

Hagi, ?\^^ ^, ». The shin. Fnhira-hagi, 
calf of the leg. — no hone^ the tibia, shin- 

HAGl,-grw,-icZa, /n/, I^J, t V. To skin, 
flay, denude, to strip off the skin or clothes. 
Kawa too — , to skin. Khnono wo — . Oi- 
hagi ni au, to get stripped of clothes (as 
by robbers.) 8yn. muku, nugc 

'HAGi,-gu,-^da, ^\ ^, t. v. To patch, 
splice, join together, to veneer. Ita wo — , 
to patch, or join boards together. Uagi- 
hagi no hknono, clothes made of patch- work. 
Tate too — , to make a shield. Syn. tszou. 

HAGI,-^w,-irfa, ?\/, )55j, t V. To feather 
an arrow. Ya wo — . 

Ha-GIRI, ^n:¥V, -51 H, w. Gritting, or 
gnashing the teeth. Nete — wo szru, to 
grit the teeth in sleep 

Hagishiri, >N=¥i^y, -51 ®, n. Gritting, 
or gnashing the teeth. 

Hago, /sa-, ^ ^, «. A kind of trap for 
catching birds. — wo hakem^ to sot a trap. 

Hago, ^\=f, ^ ^, n, A shuttlecock. — 
wo Uzku, to strike the shuttle-cock. 

Hagoita, /Ni^/f ,>5» J^ ^ i^, n. A battle- 

HAGOKUMl,-7?^w.-7^Ja, /\=f^M, "]§", tv. 
To rear, to bring up (by feeding,) to sup- 
port. Sho-ni wo — , to rear up a child. 


Hagoromo, /n^p ^, 3^ 3!c, «. The feather 
garments worn by Tennin. 

Ha-GOTAYE, ^s=f^ i, -^ ^;, n. Hard to 
the teeth, hard to chew, nfu wa — ga 
nai, Tofu is easy to chew. 

Haguki, ^N;/djr, is, 11. The gums. 

Haguma, /n;^-^, i^ ;gg, n. A white bear, 
a white tassel fixed ou the head of a spear. 

HAGURE,-r2^,-/f(7, /N/V;u, jg, i v. To be 
stripped off. made bare, denuded, uncover- 
ed, separated. Kimono ga — , to be 
stripped of one's clothes. Tszre ni hagii- 
rete Kiori de hiia, losing my companion by 
the way, I have come alone. FHon ga < — , 
the quilt is off. Syn. sorerXJ. 

HAGURi,-r2(,-f^a,>»N/;u, jg, t.v. To turn 

over a covering, to turn up, or uncover. 

Hon wo haguruj to turn over the leaves of 

a book. Futon wo haguite miru, to turn 

down the bedtiuilt and look. Syn. maku. 
HagURO, ^\^'v,^^y n. The black dye 

used by Japanese women iu staining the 

teeth. Syn. Kane. 
HaguSA, ^N/-*f; iS ^, w. Tares, weeds. 

Ins no — aru ga gotokuj like tares mixed 

witli rice. 
Haha, /\/\, #, «. Mother. irahahm,\iko 

a mother, the part of a mother. Maha- 

kata no shinmi, relations on the mother's 

side. Syn. okka san, o-fikcko. 
Ha-hon, /\5h^, § 7^, n. An imperfect 

book; a broken set of books. 
Hai, /x's, ii, n. A fly. 
Hai, ?\^, P(|, Exclam. used in answering, 

same as He, 
Hx\I, ^\4, ^, n. Ashes. Mi-hai, (stone 

ashes,) lime. Ifai wo kaki-tiarasz, to level 

the ashes (in a brazier.) 
Hai, ^\^,]^j n. The lungs. Hal n^ zo, 

the lungs. Hai no hinshOy inflaumiation 

of lungp. 
Hai, ^\^ ,^. The numeral for full, a wine 

cup. Ippai^ once full. Ni hai, twice full. 

Samhai, three times full. Cha wan shi-Jiai 

no midzy four tea cups full of water. — wo 

fvkumUy to drink wine. 2aihal, a large 

Hai, /\/f , ^., (ogamu.) To bow, worship, 

(used in compound words meant to convey 

respect.) — wo nrUy to bow, worship. 
l\kl,-an,-atta, ^n7, ^ ®, *. f- To 

creep crawl. Hatte hirUj to creep and 

Hai-agari,-?7^-/^«, ?\\Lrlfi^, ^ ±, 

L V. To ascend by creeping, creep up. 
Hai-BOKU, /N>i ^^, gj: :|t, (makc-nigem.) 

llouted, put to flight, dispersed. 
tHAl-BO, ^\/f y>i'^, g5: C* (make-horohiru.) 

Kouted, scattered and destroyed. 
tHAl^BUKI, /\/f 7'^;Jc Pfe > '*• Silver in- 
Hai-BUX, /\y\ 7'y, @E ^, (huhari-icakeru) 

To distribute, apportion, divide. 
Hai-CHO, /\4^^t^,tl Ipg, n. A safe to 

protect food from insects. 
HaI-DATE, ^\4^'rj j^ fS> ^' Armor for 

the thighs. 
Hai-DE.k, ^N/f fy^ ^; ^, n, A hall for 

worship in front of a Jligcf. 
tHAl-DOKU, ^\A Y^/,^ H, (itadaki-go- 

mu.) To reverently read. 

Hai-doku, ^\A Y^M $> »• ^ flj-poi- 

Digitized by 





Hai-dzmi, ^n4^$, ^ Mj ^'* Black paint 
made of powdered charcoal. 

Hai-FUKI, /n^ 7 ^, ^ PJC, «. A section of 
bamboo used for blowing the tobacco 
ashes into. 

fHAl-GA, /\yi fj% ^' ^, (go sliH-ffi mosht- 
ageru,) Felicitation, or congi-atulation to 

fHAl-GAKU, /\/i ij'^, jg 1^, (Gakumon 
tco yameru.) To abandon study, cease 
learning. Hisashikii — itashimash^ta^ I 
have long ago ceased to study. 

fHAl-GAN, ^\/[ :fj'yy If ^, To meet, see. 

Hai-GUX, ^\^ /y, ^ 5^5 (make-ihusa.) 
Routed, defeated. — ni nam ; — szrv, 

tHAl-GU,-S2ri^, ^^A /^,%t%y To unite, 
as in marriage. 

tHAI-JIN, ?\A I? y, ^ A» n. An invalid- 
ed or disabled person. 

Hai-JIN, y^A i? y^ \% ^5 n, A teacher, or 
professor of Haikai. 

tHAI-JU, /\/[ >'^, If. ^, (itadahi.) To 
respectfully receive (i'vom a superior.) 

Ha1-KA, /\Ai}, PC y, V. The body of 
troops, or of persons, under the command 
of another, a command, subjects. Waga 
haika, my command. 

Hai-KA1, ^\AijA, \^\i |g, 71. A kind of 
verse or poetry of j 7 syllables. 

Hai-kan, /\/f ij y, fllli Bf , (lit. lungs and 
liver,) fig. — uo Imdahc, to do wilh 
great labor, or pains. — tvo minuhi, to 
see through a pei*son. 

^liAl'KyAI,-8Zru, ?\A^VA, ^^ ^, 
( tachi-motoru ) To go about, wander 
about, going hither and thither, prowling 
about. Konogoro tea io-zoku hat-Jcwai slite 
0)11, at present robbei-s are prowling about. 
Syn. PCKA-TSZKu, rno-rszKr. 

Hai-KEN, /\4^y, If- ^, To look, see, 
(respectful to be used only in speaking 
,of one's self.) — {fashito gozanmasz. I 
would like to see it, if you please. 0- 
zashihi wo — slitai^ I wish to see your 

To creep hi to. 
HAl-MATOl,-c),-of/a, >\A-^y7, ^ 2^, 

t.v. To creep around, wind aroun<l, (as a 

•fHAl-MEN, ^N>1^>, If IS*, (o nie 111 

lalcani.) To see, or mret. 
tHAl-MlYO, /\/f ^ A^^, i^p ^. y/. The fic- 
titious name subscribed to a JIai-hai. 
HAi-NORom,-7-w,-//'a, /N/f /^./u. ^ ^, 

To creep up, ascend by creeping (as a | 


tHAl-RAN, ^N'i 7 ^, If 56> Same as Hai- 

Hai-REI, /\Ai^A .^ H, a. The worship of 
a divine being. Kami wo — szru, to wor- 
ship God. 

HAlRl,-rw,-<fa, >»s/f ;i^, A.? «'*^« To enter, 
go into. Tu ni — , to take a hot bath. 
lye ni — , to go into the houfje. Hebi ga 
ana ye haitta, the snake has gone into the 
hole. Nakama ye^ — to ent^r a company. 
Me ni gomi ga haitia, has got dust in his 
eye. Syn. ihu. 

liAi-ixiYo, szru, ^\A\)^^, If ^, To 
receive as a present from a master, or 
lord. Syn. kimi yori cho-dai ezru 


fHAl-RU, ^\A;^, %t T5fc, To banish, exile. 
Kimi ni hairuserareta^ banished by his 
Prince. Syn. shima nagashl 

Haisatsz, ^\^-^^:^J gE +1? {f^^ ^o ku- 
haru,) n, A charm distributed to the wor- 
shipers of a temple. 

Ha-ISHA, /\A'y^, iSf S^, n. A dentist. 

Hai-shaku, ?\A'y^^, # ^, (o kari 
mosz,) Borrowing. Hon wo — szru^ to 
borrow a book. Kane wo — szru, to bor- 
row money. Halshahi kifi, borrowed mon- 
ey. Syn. KARIRTJ, shaku y6 szru. 

-f'RAi'SRi.-szru^-sItia, /\A-y, Bil» To 
compare, to pair, to match, to equal ; to 
exile, transport a cinminal. Sono toku hi 
no hikari ni haisz, his virtue was like the 
light of the sun. Syn. narabu. awaserf, 

tHAl-SHI,-S2!,-5//.7o, ^\A^, ^, Uv, To 

leave off, abandon, give up doing, desert ; 
to put away a wife, (only of Tenshi,) to 
dethrone. Gakumon wo haiszru^ to give 
up study. Ktirai wo — , to depose from 
rank. Syn. steuu, yameru. 

tHAi-SHl,-&'Z,-s/i'^«, ^\A 7.^ flJc, i.v. To be 
defeated, routed, lose the game. Teki no 
gunzei ga haish'ta. the army of the enemy 
was defeated. Syn.MAKEiU, yabureru. 

tHAl-SHi,-6z,-5/A7a, -'N/f ;^, If, t.v. To 
bow, to worship. Kami wo, — to wor- 
ship God. Syn. ogasiu, ojigi szku. 

Hai-.sho, /\>f2/3, ga jJJf, n. A place of 
bauislinient, (for nobles.) — de yonda ufa, 
])oetry composed while in banishment. 
Syn. nagasarkte oru tokoro. 

tHAl-bO,-.92r2^, /N/f V^, US: ^, To flee 
away defeated. Syn. maketk McjKi.r. 

Ha1-t6,-,s'2>7^ ^n/[^^, ge ^, (ki<hart' 
afeni.J i.v. To distribute. ai)portion, allot. 
Syn. haibux. 

tHAl-YETSZ. .^N/la::;, |^-: =|5, To look, to 

Digitized by 






Hai-y5, A>i3^. ^ ^, n. Pulmonary 

Hai-ZAI, ^n^-^M, K ^IJ, «. A consulta- 
tion of physicians, — szru, to consult. I- 
sha aiszmaite haizai sKta, the doctors met 
and consulted together. 

Haji, /n^-', 8t, n. Shame, disgrace, re- 
proach, — wo hdku^ to be put to shame, 
to be disgraced To-zoku wo haji to szru, 
considered thieving to be disgraceful, — 
wo szszgu, to wipe away a reproach. Haji 
wo kakuszy to hide one's shame. B^to ni 
— wo hakaaet-Uy to insuh, or put another 
to shame. Syn cuijoku. 

HAJl,-rw,-^a, /\1-';»-, flt, *. r. To be 
ashamed, to feel ashamed, Ano h'to ga 
hqjita, he is ashamed Hajite kuni wo chi- 
hutensKia, ashamed he absconded from his 
country. Syn. cuuoKU Ki om6. 

Hajikami, /n •?)&$, ^ H, ». Ginger. 
Syn. suOGA. 

HAJiKE,-7-M,-^a, /\i^^tv^ i, V. To burst 
open (from inside pressure.) Meski wo 
tanto hutte wa hara ga hajikeru zo, I bare 
eaten so much I feel ready to burst. Ta- 
wara ga hajiketa, the bag has burst. 


HajIEI, r\l^^, n. A spring. 

RAJlKl-ku-ita, /N-.*#, lip, t,v.. To 
jerk, to snap, to cause to move with a sud- 
den spring. YM too — , to fillip ; to snap 
the finger. Soroban wo — , to ujove the 
balls of the abacus with a quick motion. 
Midz wo hajiku yd ni ahura wohiku, 
grease it so that it will turn ofi" water. Ito 
wo — , to twang a striug. 

HaJIKI-GAKE, ,si^^ij^:^^ ^ ^^ „. The 
hammer of a gun-lock, a spring. 

HajimARI, >N-?-rV, ^^, w. Beginning, 
commencement of a course of action or be- 
ing, origin. Toshi no — , beginning of the 
year. Fushin no — . Nin-gen no -— . 

HAJlMARl,^'W,-«a, /n:;^;u, ^, i. r. To 
be begun, commenced, originated. Fushin 
ga — , the building is conunenccd. Ima 
yomi hajimatta^ has now commenced 

Hajime, /n •.•> , ^, n. The beginning, the 
first of anything, the origin, the common ce- 
ment, Toshi no hajinie wo ganjitsz to in. 
The beginning of the year is culled ganji- 
tsz. Kore ICO hajime to szni, begin here, 
or do this first. Bajime-owan, the be- 
ginning and ending, first and last. 
Syn. SHOTE. 

HAJlME,-TW,-.'a, A^*^;l., ^>, t r. To 
begin, to commence. Fushin wo hajime- 
ta, have commenced to build. Yomi haji- 

meia, has begun to read. Kore hara haji- 
mete miyo, begin at this place tu look. 
Hajimete, /\'^/ r, lu, adv. For the first 
time. — me ni kakaru^ I see you for 
the first time. — yokohama ye kita, this 
is my first visit to Yokohama. Syn. ua- 

tHAJlRAl,-0,-0^a, ?\^'y 7 , ^ ^, i.v. To 

feel ashamed, bashful. Syn. hadzkashi- 

HAJlSHlME,-r?/.,~^a, /\f'j/p?;U, JS, ^. r. 
To make another feel ashamed, to dis- 
grace. Syn. HADZKASUIMEllt', IlAJl WO 

Haka, /\^, ^, n. A grave, tomb. — 

wo horu^ to dig a grave, 
Haka, ^\^, n. The amount, or quantity 

of work done, the result accomplished. 

— gaszkunaiy have accomplished but little. 

— ga oi the amount of work done is large. 

— ga yuku^ to accomplish a great deal. 
ITtori shigoto wa — ga yukanu, the work 
of one person does not accomplish much. 

Hakaba, .'N:^^^, ^ ^y n. A cemetery. 

HakabakA8H1I,-K1, ^\ij^<ij>^4y a. That 
which accomplishes much. — tegara mo 
nai, a skill that accomplishes but little. 

Hakabakashiku, ^ij^^ijy^, adv. idem. 

Hakachi, ^\^^,^ Jife, n. A cemetery, 
grave yard. 

Hakadori,-?7^,-o^^(7, >\ij V;U, i. r. To 
accomplish much. Shigoto ga taiso haka- 
dorimash'ta, you have done a great deal 
of work. Syn. kachi ga aku. 

Hakai, ''n^'^, fij 5^, Breaking the com- 
mandments of Buddha. — 7io so, a 
priest who transgresses the five command- 

Haka-jirushi, ?^jji^)V=y^ ^ 1i, w. A 

Hakama, /\:^t, |§, n. The loose trow- 
scrs worn by Samurai ^ — wo haku, to 
wear trowsers. — no machi, the crotch 
of the trowsers ; — no kosh\ the board 
on the back of the trowser.s. 

Hakamagi, ^\jj-^ ^', ^ If, w. The cere- 
mony of putting on the hakama for the 
first time, at the age of 5 years, always 
on the 15th day of the 11th month. 

Hakama-JI, ^\-h^^-, j^ i^,n. The cloth 
of which Hakama are made. 

HaKA-MORI, -'n:^ ^ V , B ^, ^- 'i'lie sex- 
ton of a cemeter}'. 

HAKANAl,-Kl,-sr;i, ^^ij^A, ^ ^, a. 
Very small, fleeting, evanescent. Hakana- 
ki koye^ alnioat inaudibh; voice. Nafsz 
mcshi no hi ni iru yori hahmaki waza nari, 
it was more evanesoent than the life 

Digitized by 





of a summer insect burut iu the fire. — 

inocki, fleeting lite. 
Hakanaku, ^\ij^^, ^M^ ^^^- i^' — 

nam, to die, pass awu\\ — hif/uruj to 

vanish quickly away. Snti. moroI. 
HakarADZ, /n'^-?^, Tf^ ^, (fuio), adv. 

Suddenly, unexpectedly. Syn. omowadz. 
B.AKM^M-aK^-idta, ^\ij^7.t[, f r. To 

transact, manatee, to do. Syn. TOnl-HA- 


HakarEI, ^\ij7 t, It, n. Management, 
administration, transacting. Watakushi 
no — ni dvhimasoUy I cannot do it. 
Hakari, >\ij \) . ^, n, A weighing beam, 
scales, steelyard — nofundo, the weight 
of a steelyard. — no temhin, the beam of 
a steelyard. — no o, the cord by which 
scales are suspended. — no mt\ tlie marks 
on a steelyard. — ni Icakeie miruy to weigh 
and see how much. 
HAKARi,-rw,-^^a, ^\-h?i^, ;g, or Jg, t. v. 
To weigh, to measure, to estimate, to reck- 
on, to plot, contrive, to consult, to deceive. 
Umi no fuhasa wo hakaru, to measure the 
depth of the sea. Iloshi no kadz u-a halcari- 
shi'rarenai, the stars cannot be numbered. 
JLonie wo masz de hakaru, to measure rice. 
Tszmorihakaru, to estimate, reckon. Talci 
wo — , to deceive the enemy. Tszma ni — , 
consult with one's wife. Syn. 'rszMORU. 
HaKAi;1G0T0, ^\ij\)or\. ^ |^^, n. A plan, 
scheme, artifice, stratagem. — wo mcgu- 
raszj to devise a plan. Syn. B6KBr. 
IlAKAia-KlRl,-?7/,-//(/, ^\ij V ^f^y S, ^^ 
To level off the top of any thing measured, 
to make it even with tiie measure. 
Hakari-mushi, ^\-h\) i^'y, fi Jg, n, A 

caterpillar. Syn. shakltoki-mcmii. 
HAKASE,-rw.-/a, ^n ^^ -b ;u , U v. (The 
caust. of Haki.) To cau^e to vomit, or 
spit out; to make flow out, to discharge, 
sell oflf. To make put on, to make to sweep. 
Ike no midz wo — , to let out the water 
Irom a pond. Kiiszri wo nomaade hakmeru^ 
to vomit a person with medicine. Kimotaz 
wo hakaserUy to clear out <r"ods (by selling 
ofl^.) Tahi wo — , to make one put ou his 
HaKASE, ^sij^,]^ -±, w. The title of a 
learned man, a professor. Syn. monu- 
Hakawaha, ^\-h^\^,'^ ^,,n. A ceme- 
nAKE,-?v^,-/r/, /\^;V. P£. The pass, or 
j»otential mcod oi' J/al'/. Can spit, or vo- 
mit. 2czai wo nondt' mo kak-wasen, al- 
though I have taken an emetic I cannot 

HAKE,-n^,-^a, ^\^/i^, ^, Pot. mood of 
Haki. Can wear, or put on. Kono tahi wa 
chuai kara hakemasen, I can't wear these 
socks, they are too small. Kono momohikiwa 
hakeru ka, can you wear these trowsers ? 

HAKE,-rw,-frf, /s^/i'j :|^, Poten. mood of 
Jlaki. Can sweep. Yoku hakeru koki, a 
broom that can sweep well. 

Hake, /\^^ JglJ ^, w. A brush, (made of 
bristles,) the Japanese cue, (from its re- 
semblance to a brush.) Nori-hakey a paste- 
brush. Make-saki wo chirasz, to spread the 
end of the cue (in disorder.) 

HAKE,-rw,-^a, /N-^/w, f^ -g, t. v. To be 
sold off, cleared out, (as goods.) Ito ga 
haketa, the silk is all sold. 

Hake, /N-y, w. The sale, or demand of 
goods. Kono shina wa — gayoi, this article 
is in great demand, or sells well. 

HakeKUCHI, /n^^^, -g p, w. Demand, 
sale. — ga goi, good demand, or sale. Ko- 
no setsz ito wa hagehichi ga naiy there is 
■ pow no demand for silk. 

HAKl,-/rM,-«Vor, >^n^, Pi, f.r. To spit, vom- 
it. Tszhaki wo — , to spit. Chi wo — , to 
vomit, or spit blood. Jfaki-dassy to spit 
out. Hakikakeru. to spit on. 

HAKl,-te,-/Ya, ^N^, ^, t. V. To wear, 
put any thing on the feet or legs, as, Ha- 
kama^ Kiyahan, Momo-hiki^ Tabi, Zon\ 
Geta, AshidA, Kntsz^ S^c, 

HAKl,-i?/,-/^«, /N^, 1^, t.t\ To hang 
from the belt. Tachi wo — to gird on the 

HAKl,-Z:w,-//a, ?\^ ^ ;ff , t. r. To sweep, 
brush. Hoki de tatami too — , to sweep the 
mat with a broom. Gomi wo haki-dasz, to 
sweep out the dirt. Szmi ye haki-goseru, to 
sweep into a corner. 

Haki-dame, ^n^^'p* , jf§ \^, n. A place 
where dirt and rubbish are thrown. 

Haki-haki, /\:^/\:^, adv. Smart, quick, 
active hi doing, plain, distinct. -^ to sKte 
miyeni^ distinctly seen. Syn. sadaka-m, 
rachi oa aku. 

Hakiki, f\^^^ 3^ Tflj, Influential, having 
authority, weight of character, powerful. 
Ano Kto Yokohama d^ hakiki da, he is au 
inflnential man in Yokohama. Katie ga de- 
kitareha ha ga kite kita^ when a person be- 
cnnu's rich he beco.ues powerful. Ha ga 
kihimi Dainiio^ a i)rince of no power. 

Syn. IKiOl NO T.^ZVOI. 

II AKI-MONO, /\^^ ;^ ^, n. Shoes, articles 

worn on the feet. 
fHA-KlVAKU,-^V^y*?^, ^\^^^j fit i|J» '^^ 

break, destroy. 
Hakka. /\^i], \il fijf; n. Peppermint. 

Digitized by 





Hakkak, ^\^ijyy ^ g^, n. The silver 

Hakke, /\ 5^^, a iK «• The eight dia- 

HakkBI, /\5^^/f, A J:, n. The eight 
celebrated views in Japan. 

HakKIRI, >^n 5^ =¥ V , tf<:?y. Clear, plain, dis- 
tinct, clean, perfectly. Kono kan wa — to 
bKU irUy the type are very distinct. — to 
shUe miyeru, clearly seen. — to »Kta tenki^ 
clear weather Mada — to naorimasen, not 
yet perfectly well. Syn. ftjm-miyO. 

+Hakkiy6, ^\^:^^^, g g, To become 

HakkO, v^n^jJ^^, g I^J, (TiJcu.) Going. 
Tedo ye itsz — ttashimas'ka, when are you 
going to Yedo ? 

HAKK6,-«5rtt, ^\^^ij^ J ^ ff,t V. Tohe 
prevalent, most general, fashionable. JTo- 
rori ga — shimcuZy Cholera is prevalent. 
Hadena nari ga — szru^ Gay clothing is 
fashionable. Syn. hayahu. 

Hako, ^\3, ^j n. A box. — wo sasz^ to 
make a box. — m tstmeru, to pack in a 
box. — ni treru. to put into a box. Ha- 
koiri muszmej a yonng girl who is carefully 
kept at home. 

HAK0BASE,-7'M,-^rt, j\ 3 y\" ^ ;U, ^ jj, 
eaust. of JECakohi. To make or order an- 
other to convey, to transport. Niynotsz wo 
h'to ni hakohaseniy to get a person to trans- 
port goods. 

HakobEj -^ 3 .<, ^ g|, n. A kind of me- 
dicinal plant. 

HAK0Bi,-6M,-nc?a, ^\ 3 r, jg, t. v. To 
transport, to convey, to move from one 
place to another. Nimotsz wo fune de — , 
to transport goods by ship. Ashi wo — , to 
walk. Syn. okctrl', utszfz. 

Hakobi, /\=i k', ^,n. Transportation, con- 
veyance, moving. Ashi no — ga warui, 
walking is difficult. Ichi nin de ichi nichi 
hahohi wa dono kurai, how much can one 
man carry in a day. Chi no — ga nihii,^ 
the circulation of the blood is languid. 
Haku, ^\^ , see Maki. 
jHaKU, /N^, ^.Cshiroi.) White, clear, 
shining. Mahirhalszy grey hair. Uahmm, 
cleaned rice. Hakuye, white clothes. Ila- 
luchoy 1^ J^, a white bird. JTahi-jit^z, 
^ B , shining sun. 
Haku, /n>5^, fg, w. Foil, leaf, as, Kiwpahi^ 
gold-leaf. Gimpahu, silver foil. Szdz-haku^ 
tin foil. Kin wo haku ni utsZf to beat gold 
into leaf. — wo o«z, to plate. 

IHakubo, y^^^T^ ?$ ^j n. The evening. 


tHAKUEO, /\^^', fg -Ji/:, w. Aunt. Syn 


Hakuciiiu, y\^^^, ^ ^, n. Noon, 
middle of the day. Syn. niUL'. 

Haku-cho, /N^j'-fAr^/^ 5^^ n, White 
clothes, such as are worn by the servants 
of a Kugc, or at festivals. 

fHAKU-GAKU, ^\^if^, \% J^, (hirohi 
mayialm^) n. Learned, versed in literature. 
Syn. MoxosiiiRi. 

Haku-HIYO, ^^^'c^^.Xi^^, (mzki lo^ 
ri.) n. [fhin ice. — wo fiunu no gotoku^ 
like walkijig on thin ice, dangerous. 

tHAKU-JlN, /\^i^ y, & 3J? ^i' A glitter- 
ing sword. — wo hiratnekasz, to brandish 
a sword. 

Haku-JO, ^\^':^^^ril^ fl J Without nat- 
ural affections, unfeeling, callous, cruel, 
insincere, false-hearted. Syn. nasake- 

Hakujo -S2?«, ^\^i^^^, ^ ^, t r. To 
confess, acknowledge. Tsmi wo — , to con- 
fess a crime. Syn. zange szuti. 

fHAKU-MAKU, /\^'r^, ^ flf, n. The 

tHAKU-NAlSHO, ^\^-^y\y^^, ^ ^ \l$, 
n. Cataract of the eye. 

Haku-Rai, ?\^^^, IS ^, n. Foreign 
productions, articles brought from foreign 
countries?. JCvfe tea — d^ gozariman. 

Haku-RAKU, ^Ni^:?^ f6 ^, n. A horse 

Hakusekko, ^\^^^:;ii^, ^ % fM, n. 
A kind of confectionary. 

tHAKU-SHlKI, ^\^'y^, "tf S^, (hirohi 
shiru.J n. Learned. 

tHAKU-TAI, ^N^^^, 1^ ^, n. A white 
fur on the tongue. i:>h'(afn — ga am, the 
tongue is furred. 

Haku-YA, ^\^^, fg |£,?i. A gold beater, 

Hama, ^n-v, ^, )K The sea beach, or coast. 

Hama-BE. ^\'7^, f^, n. idem. 

Hama-GURI, /\-r/y , ^^, n. A clam. 
Syn. L'.Mucii. 

HAMARl,-?7/,-/fr/, /\-sr;i', /. r. To be put, 
fitted, or entered into anything, to be in, 
immersed in, addicted to. Wa ga yithi 
ni hamatta. the ring is on the finger. Shu- 
ji ga shikii ni — , the sash is in the 
groove. 2[idz ni — , to enter the water. 
Nedzmi ga midz-game ni — , a rat has got 
into the water-jar. JJakuchi 7ii — , to be 
addicted to gambling. Syn. iiAiiir, oiio- 


Hamate, ^\-^r,^^, n. Near the bca 

HamBERU, ^\>^)V. see Iiaberi. 

Digitized by 





HaMBITSZ, f\>Y-;, ^ ^, w. A small 

Hambun, ?\yry, ^ ^, n. Half. — ni 
kifu, cut into halves, cut iu two. — tco 
rhodai] give me half. Syn. nakaba. 

Hame, /\;^ , j^)i ^f , w. A weather-board, 
clapboard. — tco nfs7, to weather-board. 

HAMERl,->?f.-/r/, /\p<;u, /. r. To fit any- 
thing in its plaoc, to put into, (as a screen, 
door, drawer, «Scc.) To immerse, or plunge 
into; to cheat, take in. Shoji tco hanmu^ 
to put a screen into its place. Yubi ni 
wawo — , to put a ring on the finger. H'to 
ICO — , to cheat a person. luu wo laira 
ye — , to put a dog into the river. 

tHAMETSZ, /N> :;^, ^jj \j^, Broken and de- 

|Hami,-?;zMj-7?(7(^, /\Uj ^, t. V. To eat. 
Meshi wo — , to eat rice. Sakana ga ye wo 
— , the fish takes the bait. Uicahami Kto 
ico — , the anaconda swallows men. 
Syn. kukO, taberu. 

Hami-dashi,-,9z,-5A7(7, >»\^^^, Pft {ii, 
t. r. To project, or be forced out from 
between two surfaces, or from inward 

Ham-MAI, /\y-^A^ ^^: (meshi gome,) 
n. Rice used for eating. ^ ;f^, half a 

Ham-MEN, /\ ^> y, ^ II, (katadzra,) «. 
Half the face. — no yedz^ a profile like- 

Ham-mjyo, ?\>:^^, gf Jgf, n. The 
Spanish fly, Cantharidis. 

IHaM-MO, f^y=t^ ^ ;3^, (shiyeru,) Lux- 
uriant, exuberant. 

Hamo, ^\^, §S, w. a kind of eel. 

tHA-MON,-52?«, >'N^>', T^ P^, To expel 
from school, dismiss a scholar ; to break 
oflF the relation of teacher and pupil. 

Ha-MONO, ?\=t;^ ]JJ (j[^,n. Edged tools; 
cutting instruments. 

Ham-pa, /\y^s*^ ^ ^, w. A part, frag- 
ment, fraction. »Syn. hasii'ta. 

tHAM-rAKU, /\yy^^, Jjl ^, Grizzled, 
a mixture of white and black hair. 


fHAMPJ, /N^'ir, ^ ^, w. A kind of coat 

with short sleeves. 
fHA3l-P0N, ?\y7f.y, M ^} ^- ^ printed 

tHAM-puKu, ^^y-f^, ^ JK» w Half 

way up a mountain. — ni noborit. 

Hamu, ^\ia, See Eami. 

Hamusha, ?\uy^^ ^ 5^ ^, w. Com- 
mon tfoldiers. 

Han, /\y, ^, n. A seal; stamp, (ifS,) 
a block for printing. — wo szru, to print. 

— wo oszj to stamp, seal. — ni okosZy to 
cut in bircks for publishing. — wo koru, 

I to cut a seal or stamp, to cut characters 

I on blocks. S^-n. ix. 
Hak, /\y^ ^^ Odd. — no hadz, an odd 
number. Chohan^ even and odd. 

! Syn. Ki. 
Han, /\ y^ ^, Half. Ichi ri han, a mile 

I and a half. Han-michi^ half a mile. Han- 

I ya^ half the night. Hanshi hanshOj half 

t dead and alive. 

I Haka, /N-h, ^, (hajime,) n. The first, 
beginning. Kono nasz wa hana da, this 
is the first pear of the season. 
Hana, /s-^, ^, n. The nose. — no cma^ 
the nostrils. — no saiiy the tip of the 
nose ; — gzji, the contour of the nose; — 
wo kamu, to blow the nose ; — wo szszru^ 
to snuflf up the nose ; — wo kujiru, to 
pick the nose ; — wo nejirti, to pull the 
nose ; — wo tsznuimn^ to hold the nose ; 

— wo soyii, to cut oflf the nose ; — wo 
fszkii, to strike the nose against ; — ni ka- 
keruy to put on the nose, to vaunt one's self. 

— ga lareru, to run at the nose ; — ga ta~ 
kai h'to, a proud, haughty person ; — no 
7fiizoy the raphe under the nose. liana- 
shim, mucous of the nose ; — gaftisaga- 
ru, the nose is stopped up. Yatna no — , 
a bluflf or spur of a mountain. 

Hana, ^^-^, ^, n, A flower, blossom. — 
no utenoj the calix of a flower ; — no 
tszhomi, a flower bud; — no kuhi, the 
germ of a flower; — no jiku, the stem 
of a flower ; — wo tszmu^ to pluck a ffow- 
er ; — wo kazaru, adorn with flowers ; 

— nofu, a botanical work. — tea ikeruy 
to keep flowers alive in water. Hana no^ 
adj, beautiful. — szgata, a beautiful form ; 

— kambase, beautiful face. 

Hana, ^s-f, j|| 3^,^' A present of mon- 
ey, clothes &c., made to a wrestler, play- 
actor, musician, dancing girl &c., in ad- 
miration of their performances. — wo 

HaXABANASH1I,-KI, /^-^^<-^S^/f, ^'^j 
a. Beautiful, handsome, glorious, splendid, 
admirable, (mostly of actions) — ik^usa. 
a glorious buttle. Syn. rippa, kirli, 

HaNABAXASHIKU,-W, >r>r^yN"-)-5^^, :jfg :jjlg 

adv. idem. 
Hana-basami, /N-)-y>;-*f > , |gj^, n. Flow- 

er scissors. 
HaxabI, /^-^t', 1^ ff^,n. Fireworks. 

— ICO agerii, to set oflf fireworks. • 

Digitized by 





Hanabira, ^N-h k'-?, g£, n. The petals of 

a flower. 
Hanachi -^5z,-/^a, ^\-)- i;^, jjj, t. V. To 

let go, set free, liberate, same as Hana- 

Hanadzba, ^^-^yf , Ul M> '*• Tip of 

the nose. 
Hana-gami-bukuro, /n+ ^ i /^ p , JIl 

iSI ^, ». The wallet in which paper for 

wiping the nose is carried. Sjn. kami- 


Hana-gai, ^-hT^^/f , Ul fS, n. The nose 

ring for oxen. 
Hana-gawa, /n+^^n, jHS ¥? w- The 

part of the bridle which crosses the nose ; 

the nose-strap. 
HANA-GB,/N-^y, ^ ^, n. The hair in 

the nostrils. 
Hana-hada, /\-^.»\^, :g,o^f. Very, ex- 

tremely. — katai, very hard. — ^or, 

good. — tlnikashiij exceeding strange. 

HanAHADASUU,-KI, ^\-^/^^'>^/f, g Jj[, 
flr. Extreme, utmost, greatest, most, Jii- 
do hore yon hanahadashiki wa nashi, there 
is no more pernicious way than this. Ita- 
mi wa — , the pain is extreme. Syn. go- 


Hanahadashiku,-u, ^\^^\^i/i^, :g JJ, 

adt^* id. 
Haxahiyu, .»^-^ t Jt, £ €» J£, w. Por- 

Hanaike, /N-h/f >5r, :jfg jg, n A vessel 

for holding water and flowers to keep 

the latter in bloom ; a flower vase. 
Haxa-IKI, ^\'^A #, ^ ,g„ n. Nose-breath. 

ing. — ga arai breathes loud through the 

Haxaibo, .^N-h/fT^, i^- fi, n. A blue 

Hanaji, ^^-^4', jfiL ^, n. Bleeding at 

the nose. 
Hana-kago, ^N-h^^, ?B H, n. A flower 

Hana-kuso, /N-h^y, ^ |g, ?/. The hard 

mucous which collect* in the nose. 
Ha-NAMI, /\-^ > , ]gf ^, n. The order or 

arrangement of the teeth. — ga tcaruij 

the teeth are irregular. 
Hana-mi, /\'^ ^ J ^ ^, w. Looking at 

flowers. — nt mairlnuish'ta, gone on an 

excun?ion to see the flowers. 
Hana-mori, /\ -^ ^ i; , :|fg ^, «• The 

keeper of a flower garden. 
HaNA-MUKE, >»^-^A», @ glj, n. A pros- 

♦Mil ti) a bride loavin^^ her father's li()u.-^(», 

to a person .<»etting out on a jouniey, or 

to one who has returned to his home. 


Hanamuko, /s-h-ua, :jfg Jf, w. A bride- 

Hana-0, ?\^J, ^^, w. The thong, or 
strap by which sandals are fastened to 
the feet. — too szgeni, to fix the thong in 
the sandal. — ga kireta, the strap is 

Hanaodzre, /N-h7^tx, ^ ^ ^, n. 
Chafed by the thong of the sandal. 

HANARE,-rt^,-/a, /N-hi/;i^, 88, t'.r. Sep- 
arated, parted, sundered, loose, opened, 
(t t\J To le.ave, to separate from, to part. 
Uma ga hanareta^ the hoi*se is loose. 
Tszgime ga — , the joint is parted. Oga 
nt hanareta^ to be left by one's parents. 
Oya wo hanarete hoko wo szru^ to leave 
one*8 parents and go out to service. Ige 
wo hanarete hi wo take go, kindle the Are 
away from the house. Jfanare^aiashi) 
hard to part. Hanarenu-naka, indissolu- 
ble relation. Syn. hedatkuu, wakareru. 

HaNARE-BANABE, /\-hi^>r<^-Mx, (HI JJjl, 
adv. Separated, apart, scattered, — 7ii 
natte oru, to live apart, or separately. 

HaNABE-JIMA, ^s-hi/^-v', Jt Jab? »«• A 
solitary island. 

Hanare-ya, /n-m/^, m Mj w- a house 
apai't or distant from others. 

HANASHl,-S2,-sA'^a, -»\^^, J5J, t,v. To 
let go, to set free, to loosen, liberate, let 
oif. to discharge, let fly. Teppo wo — , 
to fire a gun. Ya wo — , to let fly an ar- 
row. Te wo — , to let go the hand. Me 
wo hanasadz mini, to look without tiiking 
off the eyes. 

HANA8Hl,-S2,-s7A7a, /N-h;*, |^, t.v. To 
say, to utter, speak, talk, tell. Mukashi 
no koto wo — , to tell an old story. Biyo- 
mil no yodai wo hanashi 7iasare, tell nio 
how the sick man is. Ifaha ye itie hanase, 
go and tell your mother. Syn. kataru, 


Hanashi, /\-^^^, gjf, n. A saying, talk, 
story, a tale. Mvkashi no — , an jmcient 
stoiy. Okashii hanashi, a funny story. 
Usohanashi, a lie, a fiction. Otoshi-bana- 
shiy a comical stor}', an anecdote. 

HANASHi-Ai,-a?^,-a<^a, '^^-^^'r7, |^^, 
i.i\ To talk together, to converse. 

HanaSh'ka, ^s-^'yij, n. A story-teller. 


HanaSHIRU, ?\'Yiyjy^, ^ \% n. Thin mu- 
cous from the nose. 

Haxa-TAKE, /N^^>5r ^. gpj n. A nasal 

Digitized by 





UanATARE, ^s-h^u-, ^ ^, iu Snotty 

HaNATSZ, ^s-h V^* See Haimchi 

HaNA-TSZKVRI, >^-^ y^V, ?B E> ''• ^ 
maker of artitioiul tlowers ; a flower gar- 
dener. ' 

llANA-rTA, >^-^^^, :Sl ^' "• ^i»?i"?»n | 
a low voiee, humming a tune. — ico vtau. • 
to hum a tune. i 

Hanayaka, ^\^^i3y ^ H, Boautilul I 
liand<onu\ ehpuit, gtiv, sho^y. — «a ' 
i^u'zil'iu iray doilunir. Syn. KirrA, kirei, 

HA UK. ' 

Hana-YOME, ^s-^n;?. :jfg iy, M. A hride. . 
IIana-zakabi, /N-^-»^*y. |t St Full- 

h!iM*!n, — /*i' wit fit, to Ih» in tiilI-hKx>m. 

•/«-.'••.'! •! s^'r/'i w> inh'SZ'ne tC'* — to iw, a 

youuu: lady of 10 or 17 is <aid to l»e m 

hrr iVilI l»KH»m. 
IIanpA, /\>it\ ^ Pl^, ju Tin (in M.vk.) 
ILvX-PAl, ^\>Xij ^ ^» "• A dining 

IIax-Dan\ >\>^'>, ^ Jg, II. Ilaa a 

I'ir-.v ot'ei-»:h. 
Hani AN,--ir».', ^\>Xy. ^ gf. /.r. To 

v\|>!;i:!u <*»lve. intt-q»nt.. AiLi'-K-^ it-* — . 

lo it. rmuiue waothrr any cwnt is hioky 

or uKaivky. Y't. c fK* — . xo i^iierprL-t a 

divai'a. JV'k'* *--'» — . lo ^^»l^e a ri«Mle. 

S\n- T..Kl\ KAN..AVr ; , 'Ianji.ii . 
ILvNIxi. >N>r>. 0i ft.a. «. A hucket for 

IIaNE. ^\^. JJ. *i. A w-:>j. a tta:'. r. ti.e 
* .. I- ill ^ <»:" a : ^; I llf~w*.;-. vi. — ir*- n r 'jrrr. 
:•' V \^vr' i :*. ■ wlr_<. 

1Ian:\ ^\^. ?g. ". T:.-:-'^:.: crl.f: <V'I:.p^' 
'/. \\u .-rn k*. tifa l."'i:r>M- el.arao:<r- 

HaXK, >x-T» Sfe. " Pa:-:: -Us tif r.ui I <:a:- 

* r>- 
1Ian>:,-/' .-'.'. >\-f * ^ J?* *>- T.* ; — - ^^- 

?i< a ;i ^-v, , ^^\ :• :" u:^v. ri-t:r : r. It-a:*. 
- -:— . ;. •:- ' J*: \ T.. >:'c:::-r.<: Va 
: • ::. :.< II ; •/» -'/ ' t *:* ' '- ' »• *" " 

i-A-Ni:.- '..-••. -N^t, ig. I*. .'.;. T.^ 
-- ' .-'•. '• -*v»:: r, t** v.: »'d : ^t' 

paring to fly, the position of a bird about 
to fly. 
HaxeguKI, /\:f^^, ^ ^, w. A qnill. 
HANB-KAKE,-)tt,-^a, ^=fif^fi^, g ^, 

t. r. To splash, to spatter. 
HAXE-KAYE,-rt/,-^C/, ^^fHf^ji^y ]g^ J5, 
i' r. To spring, bounce, or leap back, re- 
bound. Hane-kayesz, to make rebound. &c. 
HANE-MAWARl,-rtl,-ff a, -^:f -e 7/1., gfeS? 
f'. r. To prance, leap, bound, or dance 
HAyE-NOKE,-rM.-f^, r^^/^fi^j g |^, 

U r. To throw out, or jerk out. 
HAyE-oKJ,-n(,-/a, ^\^-k^)^j S jfe, it. 
To jump or spring up, (from lying down.) 
HaNE-TSZRUBE, >\:f 5^rt.^, \^ ^$, n. A 

well bucket swung on the end of a pole. 
HAK-i.KSz. ^yV'^^ ^ ^, «• Half a 
mouth, half-moon, or semicu^ular in shape. 
HA^•GI, >N^=¥, Bt 7fv, n- A block for print- 
Haxvjiya, r^y^^^ \Si % M? "• A block- 

Han-oiyo, r^y^^h, fiJ^j^' A seal 

mark, the impression leti by a seaL 
HAXJi.-n; .-/'?, ^ys^t^.f^.t.r. To solve, 

inierjret. (a dre;au.> Tttme ko — . 
IIaNJIMOXO, ^\yi^^/^ II. Anything rep- 
res*.-uted by emblems or s\*mbols, or con- 
cealed under the names of natural objects, 
an tiublcm. 
Han-jo. r^yf7^ ^ S- «•- Half a mat, 

half a ij^uire. 
Han-j6, r\yi*^^^ |g ^, Prosperous, 
thriving, fiourisiiiu::. iLTrrtaiing in wealth 
ai.d tru-le. — xir;*, to W prosperous, &c. 
— H.i t^<\i a lasy. thriving pbce. 
Sva. M UViKA. 
fllANaUKr. ^^rr^^, ^ ^, {ikm^a 

K f.) liilf c>:ke-i. 
HaN-KA, ^>*, I^ *. see HimFs-a. 
Hanka. 'x^*. ^ ^., or put- 

th z oa tie a; : tarai ct: vt ItamiLg, 
Han-EAN". 'v^ ^>. 5l ^- ^J stratagem 
to I ^>I•a.t^ J>c" L cr ;^-ftx.:r:g between 
a rr:: -^ ar.d l.-s :-:.Lli^:*;rs* or parties who 

^: r;t : 3 ^v lu r * a. • » I oc s" : . li a vcrpcse. 



Hi'.t a Tear. 


u: UiV or X ru*e o: ir.j :' ' g. 
Han-kik:, -n^ 4 ? . "^ ij^ «> A kind of 

Hank i\ 'v^ ^^ -^^ ^^. ». A small bow. 
Han-kC\ -vi ^'^, \i ti!' Ai: vkused 


II N^Kl\ 

^. ^ X- ■* ^-^' * day's 

Digitized by 





work. — hahariniaaJtta^ Las re(|uired half 

a day's work. 
Hankw^a, /\:^^7, ^ #, Prosperous, 

tliri?ing, bustling, (of places.) — na tochi. 
Han-NIN, ^\y=.y, ^ Ji, n. Half a day's 

work, a pimp, procurer. =z^^^. — hodo 

hakatta. have done half a day's work. 
Han-xin, /\y:zy, ^j A? ^- An indorser, 

surety, bondsman, security. Syn. ukeai 

Mn, snOxix. 
Han-NIYA, ^N>'r:^j J5 ^, n. The ca- 

nonical books of the iiuddhists. 
Han-NOKI, ^^y J^,^,n. A kind of tree, 

black alder? The Alnus Japonica. 
Hansan, /\ y-^ y^ ^ ;^, w. An abortion, 

Hanshi, >\yi/^ ^ ^, 77. A kind of paper. 
tHAK-SHiN, i^y-yy^ ^ g, n. A rebel 

revolted servant. Syn. MriioN no kkpvAI. 
HaxsHO, ^\yu^^^ 4^ It? »• A small 

bell, a fire-bell. 
Han-sh'ta, /n y>^^ , )gc T» ^'- 'J^^G copy 

used in cutting blocks. 
Han-sh'ta-kaki, ^\y'y^'h^, )S T S» 

w. The person who writes the copy by 

which blocks are cut. 
HAX-szBr, 2\y7. V, JS ^, w. A printer. 

Han-ta, /\y^^ 

r, Busy, actively 

employed, hard at work, full of busines.^. 
— ni tori-magerei-Uy to be distracted with a 
press of business Hania ni iszki hat a to 
shit^zaen itashimasJita, I have so much to 
do that I (piite fori^ot it. Syu. isl/Gasiiii, 
sewasuii, Yd-JI 5i. 

Han-tkn, /Nj/r ^, #: fS iK, n. A kind 
of coat. 

Hax-TO, ^\yy, ^%, adc. Ilalf-wnj. 
half-dune, haU-throngh. Ikum tea hanto de 
yameni, to stop fighting while only h.'ilf 
through, Shi(/o(o ica hanto de yaineni^ to 
stop work when only half done. 
Syn. cniUTO. 

tHAK-TAl, >s;^^>f , Jg; ff, Opposite, con- 
trary, antithesis, contrast. Ki'taz to h'f/o tea 
hantal nan\ lucky and unlucky are the 
oppositcs of each other. Syn. ckaomote 

CU All A II A. 

HanukE, -'^^^^ IST JJJtr "• A person who 

hiu? h)8t his teeth 
Hanukedori, ^n;?^ki;, ^ jjJJ ^^, „. 

A moulting bird. 
Hanuki, ^^^^,-^ j^, }u Tooth forceps, 

a person who extracts teeth, 
Han-Yo, ,sy3^ ^ Jf], Busy, full of 

business. Syn. oania. 
Haori, ^n^V, 3^ lil, n. A coat. — ten 

kirv, to put on a coat. — no yeriy the col- 

lar of a coat. — no sod^', the sleeve of a 
coat. — 710 mach\ the gore of a coat. — 
no himoy the cord which fastens a coat 

Happa, /s'^y^^ Eight times eight; sixty 

Happi, /N^b*, fi Sit, w. A kind of coat 
worn by the followers of Nobles. 

fHAPPlYozAT, ?\^:^^^fA, ^ ^ #J, 
n. A diaphoretic medicine. 

Happo, >^\yy<^, A 3^5 Eight sides, all 
about. IShi hO happo. on all sides. 

IHappu, >'\ :/ / ^ f|§, (himi to hadaf/fi). 
Hair and skin. Shin-tai luippu lore wo 
fubo ni ulcm our whole body is gotten from 
our parents. 

Hara, >s-^, J[^, «. A moor, prairie, a wild 
uncultivated region. 

HarA; ^\^,M, The belly, abdomen, (fig.) 
Mind, conscience, heart. — m mhiy hi 
the belly ; (fig.) in the heart, mind. — 
ga tatsz, to be angry. — wo kiru, to com- 
mit suicide, by cutting the belly. — f/a 
hern, to be hungry. JIara no szi/ete kahi- 
ru, to be determined. Ilura ni aru, have 
it in mind. JTara ga naru^ to have a rum- 
bling in the belly. — ga ludum, the bowels 
are loose. iS'AVa haruj the hypogastric re- 
gion. Yoko-hara, the side of the belly. — 
tvo mesaruru, to commit suicide. Jfara no 
tcarui Kto. a bad hearted man. Jfara g a 
mi, to be of the same mind. Jlara no nai^ 
pusillanimous. Jfara no ohi lito. magnan- 

HaRA-ATE, ^s^rr, ]S '^^ W- A cloth 
worn over the chest and bcily; armor for 
covering the abdomen. 

HARABAl.-(«?(,-a//'a, ysf A"75 ^, wlj 
i'.t?. To lie on the belly. JJarahatte ncm, 
or, JIarahai ni neru^ to sleep lying on the 

HaRA-DACHI, ^'Nf ^'-f , ^ jti w- Anger. 

HaRA-GAWARI, ?\y if^\ V , ^||l, I )ift'erent 
mother, but the same father. — no kiyo- 
dai, half-brothers. 

Hara-gomori, ^\y:f-t\). Jg §g, n. Ko- 
no I'o ga — no toki ni, while pregnant with 
this child. 

HARA-CiUNASlTl /\y=f-Y'y, \^ ^, n. Pro- 
moting digestion, assisting digestion. — 
ni achi-hochi aruhi. to walk about to pro- 
mote digestion. — ni shigoto wo szru, to 
work in order to assist digestion. 

Hara-hara to, ^sy^^y, adv. The sound 
of rustling, as of silk, or of leaves blown 
by the wind, the sound of tears dropping, 
of or crying. Xamida wo — nagasz, 

HAUA^-dif-attrf, >\-7 7, i%i t.v. To 
clear away, drive away, expel, to pay. 

Digitized by 





Kane tro — , to piiy money. Kanjo wo - — , 
to settle an ticcount. Gomi wo — , to dust, 
clear away dirt. Ahima wo — , to expel 
evil spirits. Jf^nzawai wo — , to clear oflF 
uiisfortuue. irarai-mono, an article not 
wanted, and fur sale. Uarai-gtwa no wa- 
i-ui Jito, a person slow in paying debts. A- 
tari wo — , to clear away all about nim. 
Tcmat/e wo — , to clear all before bini. 
Harai-dmZy to drive out, expel, llarai- 
homUy to sweep into (as a pan.) 

HaRAI, ^'x^ h, j$, w. a payment. — wo 
szrUy to make a settlement of a bill. 

HaRAT, /\'f h, f^, n, Sintoo prayers. — 
wo yonm, 

Hara-itami, ^\fA^\, ^ ^', Cfuhi' 
istij, n. Colic, belly-aebe. 

Hara-kake, *\-^ij ^\ ^ ^, n. A cloth 
covering tied over the chest and abdomen. 

IHara-KARA, ^s-^ij-^, fpj JK, w. Breth- 

Harakudari, >'s^^^'V, ilfi: ig, w. a 
diarrhaea, bowel-complaint. 

Hara-maki, >\-7-^^j |g ^, n. Armor 
for the abdomen. 

HARAMASE,-r?i,-^C/, y\-?-r-fe;U, ^ ^, 
Oaust of Ilaraml. 

Haua^i, -7mt,-nda, ^^n^^, 2^, i.v. To 
be pregnant, to conceive, to be with child. 
07i7ia ga karanda^ the woman is pregnant. 
Uarami onna,a pregnant woman. JUara- 
vianu hmzri^ medicine to prevent concep- 
tion. Uarami dzhi^ month of conception. 
Syn. MiGOMOuu, nixshin szru, kwainin, 


Harami, >\7 5, ^, w. Pregnancy, con- 

Hara-OBI, >\-?i-t% ^ ^, «. A belly- 

HararAGO ^'Nyy^, ,fi^ ^^ w. Fish-roe, 
(of salmon ) 

HARASE-rw.-^a, /^7■k'^, ^ ']S» Caust. 
of Uari. To cause or order to spread, 

HARASHl,-.S^,-.s//-7r/, ^\y^, ||, tv. To 
clear away, drive away, dispel ; to swell. 
Ihiduri wo — , to dispel anger. 

||Haraszjixa, ^'Ny^I^-hjJSS^, <7. Laugh- 
able, ridiculous. 

Harau, or Haro, ^n-? ^, See ITarai, 

HaRAWATA, ^\yV ^ •, BS? ^^- '^'^'^^ bowels, 

IHakaya, *\y^^ f^ ^, n, A prepara- 
tion of mercury used as a medicine. 

HAl{E,-rw,-^a, >'\ix;i-, Hf, ^.r. To be 
cleared away, dispelled; clear, open, with- 
out concealment, j)ublic. Ame (ja — , the 

rain has cleared oif. T'enhi ga hareta, 
the weather has cleared off. Utagai ga 
— , doubts are dispelled. Tenha harete no 
shobaif a business publicly carried on. 
Toila harete omaye no niydho^ publicly 
known to be your wife. 

HaRE,-7-w,-^«, >'\i^;U, @, i.v. Swollen. 
Me ga — ^, eye is swollen. Hare agaru^ t«> 
swell up. 

Hare, /m/, ]g, n. The swelling. Hare 
ga hlta, the swelling is gone done. 

Hare-bare, /\i^y^i^, 

f, adv. Clear, 

bright, open, unclouded, easy in mind. 
Ki wo kitta — sh'ta^ when the trees are 
cut away it becomes clear. Yd wo szma- 
slCte — sAVa, by doing up one's business 
to feel free and easy. 

Harebareshii,-ki, /\\^^<;u'yA , Bf B|, 
a. Fine, splendid. — hataraki da, a 
splendid action. 

HaREBARESHIKU,-?^, ^\\yy^\yl/^, Rf Bf , 
adv, id. 

Haregi, ^s\y^, ^ flg, n. Dress-clothes 
worn on going out, or on special occasions. 

Hare-MOKO, ^\\y=t;^ JJi ify^ iu A swell- 
ing, boil. 

Hare-na, >'Nt-'-h, B#, a. Fine, grand, 
illustrious, eminent, heroic (used in prais- 
ing.) — waza^ a daring, heroic feat. 

HareyakanA, >n i^ -v 7t^ -h, a. Clear, 
unclouded, bright ; cleared, open. — ten- 
kiy clear weather ; — tohoroy an open 
place cleared of trees. 

HaRI, ^\ \) , ^, n. A needle ; pin. — no 
me, the eye of a needle. — no saki, the 
point of a needle. — wo utsz, or — wo 
hirieru^ to insert the needle in acupuncture. 

HarI, /\i;, J^, n. A thorn. Syn. toge. 

HakI, >\ i; , ^, n. The heavy beams in a 
roof. Syn. tjtszbari. 

IHari, >'\ y , ^ ]^, n. Crystal, glass. 

HARi,-rw.-^^a, >\/U, 3fi) ^- ^- To paste 
over, nail over, spread over. Kami wo — , 
to paper ( a wall.) Ita wo — , to board 
over, weather-board. Atama wo — , to 
slap the head (of another,) (fig.) to take 
a certuin percentage from the wages of 
those whom one has aided in finding em- 
ployment, to scpieeze. Shoji wo Jtaru. to 
paper a screen. Kara-hasa tco — , to make 
an umbrella^ 

liAm,-r2i,-tta, ^\;u, 5g, f.v. To stretch, 
to extend, to display, exhibit, (i.v,) To be 
swollen, distended. Yinniwo' — , to bend 
a bow. Kaica wo — , to stretch out a 
line. Atni wo — , to spread a net. Mise 
wo — , to display the wares of a shop. 
Ornate wo — , to endeavour to keep up np- 

Digitized by 





pearances. Iji wo — , to be obstiuatc. 
Ki tco — , to strain every nerve. Sehn 
tro — , to strive to make a good show in the 
-world. Me tco — , to stare. Chichi ga 
— , the breasts are distended, (with milk.) 

HARl-AI,-au,-a«a, ^nV 77, i^ >^, n t?. 
To rival, to vie with each other, emulate. 

Hari-AI, -'n V T t, 51 >^, w. Emulation, 
rivalry, a striving together. 

Haki-bako, /x y ^*a, fl" H, n. A needle- 

HARl-DASHI,-«2,-5A'^a, ^\\}^7^, 51 ffi, 

/.p. To jut out, protrude, swell out, stretch 

Habi-gane, 7n V if:^^ ^ |g, n. Wire. 

Hari-T, ^n V ^ , ff" -B, w. a needle doc- 
tor, one who performs acupuncture. 

Hari-IRE, ys 1M »/, t^ A, n. A needle 

Habi-ita, >mM ^ , ?i IS, «. The board 
on which clothes are starched and dried 
after washing. 

Hari-ko, /nV 3, 51 11, n. A box made 
of paper. 

HARI-K0MI,-7?lM,-?l(ia, /\i;3i*, 5g ^, 
1. r. To stretch a point, to do what re- 
quires some effort. Sari-konde hauy to buy 
when the price is rather more than one 
can. afford. 

Hari-mb, /m;^, I^ g, n. The edge or 
seam formed by joining paper together. 

Habinuki, /\V;5?d|^, 51^, n. Articles 
made of a kind of papier-mache. 

HARi-SAKE,-rw,-^a, ^V^^^/^, 5| gj, 
t. r. To tear by stretching. Atama ga 
harisa\eru yOni itaiy head aches ready to 

Habi-tszke, >'n y 5^ ^ , l@g, w. Punishment 
by crucifixion and spearing. 

HABi-TSZKE,-r2^,-^a, /nVv'^;^, ||S (#, 
t V. To paper, to paste over with paper. 

HABi-YABUBi,-rzi,-^^a, /\ V ^ //i^, ^ {J, 
^ r. To tear by stretchiug. 

Habu, /n/U, See Hart. 

Habu, /n;u, ^, w. The spring. 

Habu-BARU, /N/U^N-zi-, ^^, a^y. Far, 
distant. — to htkru, to come from afar. 

Habubi, ^a- t', fg, 71. A saddle-girth. 

Haruka, /\)\^i3j ^, Far, distant, remote, 
very, much. — ni miyeru, seen from a 
distance. — ni masaru, much better, far 
better. — ni hedaisz^ widely separated. — 
mukaskiy romote antiquity. 

HARUMEKl,-Z:?«.-iYa, >^\;b^ ^, Spring 
like, liavmg the appearance of spring. 
Atataha de harameite mairi-mmKta^ owing 
to tlie warmth it begins to look like spring. 

HaRUSAME, /\;Hf^, % If, M. Spring 

HASAMARI,-r?^,-/^a, /^^^-e;^, ^Hj, i,v. To 
be between two other things. Ha no aida 
ttico no hone ga hasamatta, a fish bone 
has got between the teeth. 

HasaMI, >N-»f ^ , H 7J» w. Scissoi-s, — de 
kirn, to cut with seissora. 

HASAMI,-m2^,-7iG?a, ^\-»^>, jg, tv. To 
take, place, or hold between two other 
things. Hashi de uwo wo — , to take fish 
with chop-sticks. Hana wo hon no aida 
hasande okuy to place a flower between 
the leaves of a book. Hihashi de hi wo 
fiasatnu, to take up fire with tongs. Hon 
wo wakt no sh'ta ni — , to hold a book 
under the arm. 

Hasami-bako, .»\^^>y<•3, \^^, n. A 
black box fixed to each end of a pole, and 
carried over the shoulder; (fig.) the 

HASAMi-iRE,-r2f,-^a, ^\-^lA i^;^, jg A» 
tv. To take up with sticks and put in ; to 
interleaf, interline. 

HASAMl-KIRI,-?*W,-^fa, >'\-l^^ ^/l', ^ "U, 
tv. To cut with scissors. 

HaSAMI-ucHI, ^s-^X^^, ^i^y n. An 
attack on each flank at the same time. — 
ni gzru, to attack on each flank. 

HA8E,-7^,-^a, /N-t/W, iH, t.v. To ride 
fast, to run. m'nia wo — , to gallop a horse. 
Hase-atszmaru, % ^, to run together. 
Hase-kayesZy }§jl jg, to cause to ride back. 
Hase-kayeru, i^ 3S> *^ ^**^^ back. Hose- 
kitanc, ffe 35|^, to come fast on hoi*se-back. 
Hase-mawaru, J|fe 50, to ride around. 
Hase-mitkau^ ilk (pI) *^ ^^^^ ^^ meet. 
Hase-ts^ku, ]^ fj, to ride and overtake. 

HasEN, ^\-ty, 1^ IS, n. A shipwreck. — 
sh*ta, shipwrecked. 

Hashi, ^\y^ ;j^, n. Abridge. — wokakeru. 
to throw a bridge across. Hashi-hushin 
szru, to build or repair a bridge. -^ wo 
wataru, to cross a bridge. — no ran-kan, 
the rail of a bridge. Tpponhashi^ a bridge 
made of one stick. Hashi-dzme^ entl of a 

Hashi, ^\-yj ^, n. OiojHSticks. — deha- 
samii, to take up with chop-sticlvs. — wo 
toru, to tiike the chop-sticks. 

Hashi, ^^y, ft^, 71, The bill of a bird. 


Hashi, /nx', jg, The edge, margin, brink, 
side. A small piece, fragment. Ilo no — 
the end of a thread. 3Itchi no — , side of 
a road. Tszknye no — , \\u\ edge of a 
table. Hashijika near llie edge. Anisoi 

Digitized by 





no haskl wo hiki-dasz, to commence a dis- 
pute. S}Ti. Fucni. 
Hashi-bashi, /\t/y<y, pg ^H, n. Four 

HarHIGO, ^\y:f, \^, n. A ladder. — 710 ko, 

tlie runp; of ladtler. 
HaSHI-gui, ^\'y/^,I^JI^j n. The Avood- 

en piles which support a bridge. 
Hashi-ITA, ^^'^^^,^ ^,n. Floor of a 

Hash'ka, /\'yij,n. The beard of wheat. 

Syn. NOGi. 
HaSH'ka, ^sty-h, Jjit ^, w. The mem^les, 

— ICO szruj to have the measles. 

Syn. MASiilx. 
Hashi-KAKE, ^\yij^,^ ^, 71. A me- 
diator. . — szrUy 16 mediate. 
HASHiKE,-n^,-^a, /\l^^fU, t.r. To unload, 

or distribute cargo from a ship. Ni wo — , 

to unload goods. 
Hash*ke-buke, ?\i/^t^^ n, A eai-go- 

HASH'KOI,-Kr,-SHI, >\'y^A^a, Slirewd, 

active, smart, cunning. Syn. KA:^H'KOI, 


HaSh'koku, /\>^3^, adv. idem. 

Hashiba, /\5^f , 5^, w. A post, j)illar, col- 
umn. — ICO iatetUy to set up a post. 
Hushira hahtshi^ pictures or inscriptions 
Imng against the pillars of a house to hide 
them. HasJdradate 7Co szru, to set up 
the frame work of a house. 

HASHlBASHl,-5Z.-5/l7a, /Nx':?;^, ^ ^, 
caust. oflfashiri. To make to run, sail, <Scc. 

HASHIBI,-rw,-^^a, ^\>^;u, ^, i.v. To run, 
to move fast, to flee. To flow, or sail 
fast. ITma ga — , the horse runs. Fane 
ga — , the ship sails. Midz ga — , the water 
flows. 11' to ga — , the man runs. Chi 
ga — , the blood flows. Kaiana ga 
luishitlay the sword has dropped out 
of the sheath. Jla^hiri-agaiii. ^ h, to 
run up. Jlashiri'kageni, ;^ j^, to run 
back. JTashin'-id^rUy ;^ |iij to run out. 
Jlashh'i-hoyenty ^ j|§, to run across. Ila- 
shin'-btdaniy ^ f , to run down. Jlashi- 
ri-maicartij ^ ,j^, to run around. JToshiri' 
7uuhauy ^ |p], to run to meet. Hashiri- 
iohiy ^ fj§, to run. Haslun-yoru^ ^ {^, 
to run near. Syn. kaKkri', todf. 

HaShiiu, ?si/}) , ^, w. The first fruit.s, or 
first caught fish ot the season, first goods. 
The running, flow, movement. Kono to 
7io — ga yoi\ this door moves easily. 

Hasiiiri-(;aki, ?yy\) ii'^, i^-^y 71. Fast 
writing, a running hand. 

Hashiri-kurabe, /\'y\)^^'<^ ^ gjj, n. 
A race. 

Hash'ta, /\5/'^, ^, «. A fraction, frag- 
ment, an imperfect part. — ni naniy to bo 
imperfect, broken, insufficient. — ga deru^ 
there is a little over, a fragment too much. 
Syn. Fu-soKu, iianta. 

Hash'tame, ^\y^/, ll^iCy^' A female 

||Hash'tanai,-ki,-shi, /\ 5^ ^ -h >i , a. 
Low, mean, of humble condition. 

IIHaSH'tanaku, /Ni^^-h^J', ode. idem. 

HASHlYAGASHI,-5Z,-5/i'^a, ?\l/^if7^y ^ 
j^, caust. of HashiyagL To cause to dr}- 
8yn. KAWAKASz. 

HASHlYAGIj-gr^j-irfa, y\U^^^ g, t. p. 
To be dry, arid, parched. Tnzchi ga — , 
the ground is dry. Euchi ga — , the mouth 
is dry. Syn. kawaku. 

HaSHIYAGI, ?\1/>T^, j^, n. Dryness, 

Ha-SHofu, ^\'y^^7^1^^^,n. Lock- 
jaw, Tetanus. 

HASHORI,-7-2^,-^a, ^\^^^;U, jg |>f, /. r. 
To shorten, to reduce in length, abbreviate. 
Shiri tea — , to tuck up the skirt of the 
long coat, by sticking it under the girdle. 
Bun tco — , to shorten a writing. 

Syn. IIABUKU, MUrKAKU szuu. 

HaSON, f\V y, ^ ^, n. Broken, damag- 
ed, mjured. — szrUj to damage, injure. 
— tco tszhiro^ to repair a damaged place. 

fHAS-SAKU, -^\y^^^, A Mj w.^The first 
day of the eighth month. 

Has-san, ^\ ^y-^^yj A ^? ^ The rule of 
division, in arithmetic. 

HASSHi,-«:,-sA7a, ^'S'/x, ^, ^ r. To 
cause to go out or issue-forth, to rouse, 
to open out, (as a flower) manifest, to dis- 
play, appear. Gunzei tco -;— , to send forth 
an army, lohi 7io Icoye tco — , to raise a 
shout, yetsz tco — , to have a fever. Ikari 
tco — , to get angry. Syn. okosz, iiirakt. 

HaSSITI-to, /n ^;^^' h , adi\ The sound made 
by the mouth in striking, chopping, &c. 


HaSSHU, /sy^'^, A ^j The eight Bud- 
dhist sects, viz., ItitaZy -f^, Gttsha, ^ ^. 
Jo'jifHZ, }jjl 5if. Ilosso, J^ ^. San-rotiy 
Btk' TcH-d<it\ Ji ^\ AVyow, ?gj|g. 
/Shhb-goji^ ^ "g , of these only 2ht'dat\ 
and hhingon remain at the present day. 
Besides these there are now. Zcn-slm^ J^ 
^, Jo-do If ±, Mmi^io pg %, Ilokh, 
a 1^*, Ji-s/tfi flj J^, some of which are 
again subdivided. 

Digitized by 





Hasz. ^\^ ^, n. The lotus plant. — 
no hana, the lotus-flower. — no utena, the 
calyx of the lotus flower. — no ikfj a 
lotus pond. Sjn. rengb. 

Haszhu, ^sp^fi'j Same fia Bashiru, 

Hata, >\^, |):H, w. a field, (of upland.) 
Haiamonoj a thing grown in the upland 

Hata, ^\^, ]^, ». A flag, ensign. — tea 
ageru, to hoist a flag. — no saoy a flag- 
staflf. Mala shHa^ under the flag, imder 
the command of. 

Hata, /\^, :^, w. A loom. — wo hertty 
to arrange the yarn in a loom. — tro 
orUj to weave. Kinu-bataj a s'dk-loom ; 
Hata-mono^ a weaving machine. 

Hata, /\^, ^^ n. The side, near by. /- 
do no hata ye^ to the side of the well, or 
near to the well. Hata no h^to^ by-stand- 
ers. Hata kara huchi tco dasz-na^ by- 
standers must not put in a word. Kawa 
no — , the bank of a river. 
Syn. katawara, soba, hotori. 

Hatachi, -^^f, If ;SI? Twenty years 

Hatagashira, >\^if'y'^^ ]^ gg, n. The 
name of a military officer. 

Hatago, -'N^^, jjg 11, «. Stopping to 
rest and lunch while traveling, the fare 
charged for lodging. Hiru-hatagoy stop- 
ping to lunch at noon. Haiago wa yaszt, 
the fare is cheap. 

Hatagoya, ^\^ =^^,MW.M} «• An inn, 

Hata-HATA, ^\fi^\fi, j[J j[$, «. A grass- 

Hata-HIKO, /s^tP, ^^, n. Seven 
fathoms = 28 feet 

Hata-^iuushi, ^^i^;\^'y, ]K SK? w- ^ 
flag, ensign. 

HATAKABi,-rM,-f^a, ^\^jjj^j See Ha- 

HATAKE,-r7<,-^a, ^\^^P^ See Hadnke, 

HataKE, ^\^jr, Q, n. A field, vegetable 

Hata-KEGASA, ^\^^if^^ ^ ^, n. A 
kind of skin disease. 

HATAKl,-7»r?^,-/f«, /\^^, %^ t\\ To 
beat with a slick, to strike. Gomiwo — , 
to beat out the dust. Tatami wo — , to 
beat a mat, to clean it. Syn. tataku, 

fHATA-MATA, >'N:^^^, tRF 3Xt conj, A 
word used in letters when commencing 
another subject, = again, moreover. 

nATA3IEKI,-7jZ(,-i7a, ^Nj^^^, l%,i' V. 

To thunder, to make a loud noise, as 
thunder. Rai ga hatameh'-watani, the 
thunder rolls. Syn. naru, uibiku, to- 


Hata-MOTO, ''n^ ^ > , iK T> "• A feuda- 
tory of the SJtogwi. 

HATARAKASHI,-6-Z,-5/t7a, ^\^fif^, ^ 
yjl, Caust of Hatarahi. To make to work, 
set to work, to employ, to conjugate. 

HATARAKI,-/.:2f,-/^a, /\^ 7 ^', \% L r. To 
work, to labor, to do, commit, to move, 
to act, perform. Kagi'yo wo — , to work 
at one's business. Xogiyo tco — , to work 
at farming. Motto hataraki nasare, (to 
a merchant,) cheapen it. Yoku haiaraite 
ihira, what is the lowest you can sell it 
at? Htotsz hataraite mimashO^ I will try 
and see what I can do. Buma wo — , to 
commit a blunder. 

Hataraki, ^^^7^, \^,n Action, move- 
ment, working, operation, deed, func- 
tion. — no aru h^tOy a clever, intelligent 
person. Sode nagakute te no hatarahi ga 
waruij if the sleeve is long it impedes the 
motion of the arm. 

HaTARAKI-KOTOBA, ?\^^^3i\> ^s% gj|3, 
n. A verb. 

HATARl,-n/,-f^o, /N^;i-, t. V. To demand 
payment, to dun. Kane wo hatam, to de- 
mand the payment of money. Mtshm wo 
— , to ask for the payment of a debt. Wa- 
rnhu — , to dun immoderately. 
Syn. SAi-soKU szru, semeru. 

Hatasadz, >^\:^-if^, 7{s ^, neg. oi Ha- 

Hata-SAKU, ^\^-if^, JtH f^, w. The pro- 
ducts of the farm, the crop. Ko-toshino 
— , this year's crop. 

HATASHl,-5«,-s/t7a ^N^^, 1^, /. r, To 
finish, to end, complete, fulfill, perform. 
Gwan wo — , to fulfill a vow. Nen-rai no 
hokoro-gake aihatashi nioshi soro» 
Syn. gzMASz, owaru. 

HataSh'tk, /\^>^r, ^, adi\ To result, 
turn out, in the end, ultimately. — iu tori 
ni natfa, it turned out just as I said. 
— o1)oshi'meski no tdri^ it resulted just as 
I said. Syn. AN-.\o-(iOTOKU. 

HATASHl-Al,-aif,-af;a, /s^i/'rt,^ >^, 
/. V. To kill each other. 

Hatataki, ^n:^ ^ ^, ^ ^, w. Clapping 
the wings. Niwatori — wo sh'te tohi «ro 
tszkurtt, the cock claps his wiugs and 

Hata-TO, ^\^\, {f, adc. The sound of 
clapping the hands, or of a sudden blow. 
Iina Sara kayo 711 on kotoivari kndasarcfe 
ica hata-to to icahi li,zhii)mtS2rl soroy owing 

Digitized by 





to your having made known your refusal 
at this late moment I am suddenly put 
to great inconvenience. — te wo tUsz^ 
striking the hands together in sudden per- 
plexity. — waszreru, there! I forget all 
about it 

HatayB, a;^-n, ;:l -f- ^, Twenty fold. 

Hate, /\r, ^, n. The end, termination, 
result, conclusion, extremity. Michl no 
— , end of a road. — wa do nam ka shi- 
re nai, I don't know what the result may 
be. Bate nashi, without end. Bate %co 
omoi-yaruy to consider the end. 
Syn. owAni, siiimai. 

HATB,-rw,-^a, Ar;^, |^, *. v. To end, 
terminate, conclude, to die. Bi wa hure- 
hateta, the sun is set, Biyo^in ga hateiay 
the sick man is dead. Tszki-hatetaj en- 
tirely used up. Syn. owartj, shimau. 

Hateshi, >'\r>^j »• The end, termination, 
conclusion, lunit — ga naiy no end, no 
limit Syn. kagiri. 

tHATO, /\f^, ^ ^, (namiy) n. The 
waves, i^w ri no hato wo hoyete hum, to 
come across the wide ocean. 

Hato, a>, JS|,n. A dove, pigeon. Tama- 
batOy a wild-pigeon. 

Hatoba, Afy'x", j^ g^, w. A pier, wharf, 
a landing. 

Hato-MUNE, /\f i*^, j^% ]^, n. Chicken- 

Hatsz, or HatszrU, a y, Same as Bate- 

Hatsz, a^, flj. The first, the beginning. 
nie ni Icaharu wa hon-nichi halsz day to 
day is the first of my seeing you. Batsz- 
haruy the beginning of spring. Batsz-dori, 
the first crowing of a cock on the new 
year. Batsz-goriy Batsz-shimoy Batsz- 
yukiy the first ice, frost, or snow, of the 
season. Batszniono, the first things of the 
season. Batszyama, first visit to a sa- 
cred mountain. 

HatszbS, A^^yx"^, S?B> ^- A blistering 
plaster. — wo haru^ to apply a blister. 

tHATSZ-DATSZ,-5Zn^, /n^^'^^, g ^, 
To improve. Kenjutsz ni — , improve in 
fencing. Gahimon ni — . Syn. snODA- 


HatszKA, f\l^ijy iJ* H, Twentieth day 
of the month. Twenty ihiys. 

HaTSZKA-NEDZMI, a y 3t; :f y $ , >J\ g, n. 
A mouse. 

HatSZ-MEI, AV'>>'>i, S BB> «• Intelli- 
gent, ingenious, clever; an invention. — 
na monOy an intelligent person. — srn/, to 
invent, discover, ^hin — , a new inven- 
tion. Svn. KA9n'K(!i, niivO. 

Hatszmeirashii,-ki,-ku, ^\^:^}^AyUAj 
S W ®[> Having an intelligent look, 
ganshohi — , intelligent looking counte- 

HatSZ-0, ''^y*, ^ ^, n. The first fruits 
offered to the gods, applied also to small 
offerings of money. — wo agerUy to offer 
up money. 

HATZRi,-rM,-f^a, ^N^'/u, If, tv. To 
hew, cut with a broad-axe or adze, to 
chip off, clip off. Ki wo — , to hew timber. 

Hatsz-TAKE, ^\ y^ ^ fj 3$, n. A kind of 
edible mushroom. 

Hattangakb, ?\^:;^yif^y A^^, n. 

Cloth containing enough for eight suits of 

Hatto, /\ ^^ ^ , ^ jg, w. Law, ordinance, 
a prohibition. — wo taterti^ to pass a law. 
— wo somuhiy to disobey a law. — wo 
yameruy to annul a law. — wo okaszy to 
offend against the laws. — wo yaburu, to 
break a law. Go-hattOy it is contrary to 
law. Syn. okite. 

Hatto, >n ';^ f , adv. Same as Batato. 

Hau, /\7, To creep, see Bai, 

Ha-uchiwa, ^\ -i; ^ /N, ^ ^, n. A. 

'RAWASHi-sZy-shHa, ^7^,^^y Caust. 
of Bat, to make to creep or crawl. Ko 
wo — , to make a child creep. 

Haya, /\^, fiH ^, w. A kind of small 
river fish. 

Haya, ^n-v, .^, Exclam. of surprise, ap- 
prehension, or disappointment,=alas ! oh. 
Jma wa haya nogarttru michi nashi, alas ! 
there is now no way of escape. Baya itte 
shimattaj alas ! he has gone. Baya kita 
ha, has he already come ? haya dekita, is 
it already done ? 

Haya, >'n^, |B> ^' An express, a post- 
man, a courier. — ga hita, an express 
has come. 

Haya, >»\-v, .p.. Fast, quick, swift, soon, 
early, (used only in comp. words.) 

Haya-ASHI, ^s^T'^y ^ JE, SwiiVfooted. 

HaYA-BAYA-TO, /N^fy^-y V, adv. Quickly, 
soon, early. 

HaYA-BIKIYAKU, ^^^^'^^^, ^Ml^y 
n. An express post. 

Hayabusa, /\^T-^, ^y n. A kind of 
small hawk. 

HayA-DAYORI, >'\^^'3 i; , J^ ^, n. Quick 
mode of communication, quick or early 

Haya-fune, ?\^y^-y ^.\% n. A fast- 
bont, a clipper ship. 

Digitized by 





HaTA-GAKI, ^\^if^j jp. ^, n. Fast 
writing. — m kaku, to write fast. 

Haya-ganEj ^\^P'^, ^ §t» w. An alai-m- 
bell, fire-bell. 

Hayai,-KI,-SHI, /\-v /f , ^, o. Fast, quick, 
swift, early, soon. Ano fune ga hat/at\ 
that ship is swift. A7 ga hagai, to be 
quick witted, of quick perception. Haya- 
ki koto ya no gotoku, as switl as an arrow. 
Shigoto ga kiyai, quick at workuig. Mi- 
mi ga — , quick to hear. Dochira ga hayai^ 
which are the earliest or fastest ? 

Hayaku, or Hayo, ^n^^, jp., adv, id. 
— <rrw, to do quickly. Asa — okiru^ to 
rise early in the morning. Tszki hi wa — 
tatsz^ the time passes swiftly. — hoiy come 
quickly. Syn. jiki-ni, szgu-xi, sassoku, 


Haya-KUSA, /N-y^-if, ^ ^, n. A kind 
of skin disease. 

HAYAMARr,-rw,-^/a, ?\^-^jv^ J^ ^, t.r. 
To mistake by being quick or fast ; too 
fast, over hasty, precipitate. Hayamatta 
hoto wo sKta, he has done wrong in being 
so hasty. 

H AYAMB, ^s^/ J ^^^n. Hastening par- 
turition. — no kuszrij medicines whicli 
hasten labor. — no go-fu^ a charm swal- 
lowed to hasten labor. 

HAYAME,-n^,-^a, ^\^:^i\/^ ^ .^, <.t-. To 
hasten, quicken, accelerate. Ashi wo ha- 
yaniete antka^ to walk faster. Tohi wo 
hayamete kane wo (szku, to be in a hurry 
to ring the bell. Afma wo — , to urge on 
a horse. 

Haya-michi, ^'nY ^ -t ^ 15, n. A near 

HayA-NAWA, ^N-V-h/N, % 18, n. A cord 
carried by policemen to bind criminals 

Haya-0, /\y f , .^ ^, «. The rope used 
in sculling a boat, the band of a wheel. 

Haya-OKE, ^^^j'r, ^%,n. A ready 
made tub in which paupers are buried. 

Haya-OKI, ^s^^^, ^ ^, n. An early 

HAYARASB,-yw,-^a, ^SYy^i/U, ^^^fj, 
QavmU q£ HayarL To make popular, fash- 
ionable, or prevalent. 

HAYARi,-rw,-^^a, ^\^;i', ^ fj, ir. To 
be prevalent, popular, fashionable. Ha- 
sh'ia ga — , the measles are prevalent. 
Goro ga — , camlets are fjishionable. Kino 
hayaru mono^ a person of a quick and im- 
petuous .temper. Hayariyamaiy a preva- 
lent disease, epidemic. Hayari-gami^ a 
popular god. Hayari-koioha^ a popular 
word. Syn. ukj-kC szru. 


I Hayari-o, f\^ V ^, jg S|, w. Impct- 
I uous, daring, heroic. 

Hayasa, ^\^^^ .^, «. Quicbiess, swift- 
ness, earliness, celerity. 

Hayase, >\^ -t,^ ^, n. A swift current, 

Hayashi, >\^-/^ :ff:, w. A wood, forest. 

HayasHI, ^\^'y^ 8ee Hayai. 

Hayashi, >\^u, p^ ^, n. A band of 
music, an orchestra. — imno^ musical 
instruments. — wo «z?'m, to make music. 
— liata^ nmsicians. 

HAYASHl,-«z,-5A'^cr, >'v^x, P;^ -^j t,x. 
To play on musical instruments, to praise, 
flatter. Uia wo hayasz, to assist a person 
singing with an instrument, or chorus. 

HAYASHI,-52,-5/A7a, -'^"V ^ , >^ ^, Lt\ To 
let, or make to grow. Kami wo — , to 
let the hair grow. Hige wo JmyasKtc iho- 
lu no mane wo szrii^ to let the beard grow 
in imitation of foreigners Ki wo — , to 
grow trees. 

B.AYASm^-sz-sh'ta, ^\^^, fl), t.v. To 
To cut, to slice. Mochi wo — . JDaikon wo 
— , to slice a radish. 

HAYASHI-TATE-ri«,-^a, ^\^iy^rJ^, P§ 
ji, t.v. To play on musical instru- 
ments, to make music, to rouse up, excite. 
Syn. odatkru. 

Hayate, /\^r^ ^ JR, n. A tempest, 
storm of wind. 

Haya-waza, /\^7-^', ^ m, n. Sleight 
of hand, adroit, dexterous. — wo szru^ 
to perform sleight of hand tricks, or leger- 
demain. — na Kto, an adroit person. 

HayE, y\ai, ^, «. Splendor, brilliant, 
glorious. Asa-baye, splendor of the sky 
at sunrise. Yilhaye, the splendor of the 
setting sun. JJaye nai waza da, not an 
honorable eujploymcnt. Oi-nam wo mot- 
te haye to szy pride themselves hi having 
it large. 

HAYE,-r?^,-^a, >»s>\;u, ^, i.v. To grow, 
sprout up, shoot up. Ktisa ga hayeta^ the 
grass has sprouted up. Hiyokoga hayeta, 
the chick has burst the shell. Kami ga 
hayeta, the hair has grown out, (where 
once shaved off"). Kahi ga hayeta, it has 
moulded. Ha ga hayeta ka, has it cut its 
teeth y Syn. oiru. 

HAYE,^rw,-^a, ^N^/U', 1^, t,v. To pile 
up, to arrange in a pile. Tawara wo — , 
to pile up bags, (of rice, &c.) Nimotsz 
wo — , to pile up goods. 

Haye-giwa, ^^^^>s, ^ ^, n. The 
edge, or border of the hair. 

HAYE-SAGARI,-rW,-«a, /\^-»^;5^•>, ^^» 
i. V. Growing downward. 

Digitized by 





Hayo, ^N^i>, ^, Sqq Haijaku. hayo 
f/ozanmasz, you are early; tliis is con- 
tracted to, hatjOy good uiorniug. 

Hayuro, >'\^;U, Same as Hayem, 

Hazama, ^N^fV, ^ fa^, n. Portholes, 
embrasures. Shiro no — , embrasures iu 
a castle. Syn. ho-mox. 

Haze, ^n^/, ^j; ,e^, w. The name of a fish. 

HAZE,-rzf,-/(^, ^N-tf;!., 7.f. To burst open, 
as ripe fruit, or as parched corn. 
8yn. YEEiBU. 

Hazi:, /N-tf , w. Rice bursted by roastmg. 

He, ^, ^, 7^. A fart. — wo him^ to break 
Aviud, to fart. 

HE->'M-fa, ^/U', 155, or jg-, ^.r. To pass, 
to spend, to live through. To pass from 
one place to another, move along. I o, to- 
ahiy tszJci\ hi, told nado wo henu Michi wo 
— , to pass along the several stages of a 
road. Kanagawa wo Me Yedo ,ye yvku, 
pa&sing through Kanagawa to go to Yedo. 
Ito wo hem. to arrange yarn fur the loom. 
Dan-dan yahi wo hte agani, to be gradu- 
ally promoted from one official grade to 
another. Syn. furu, tOku, szciku, kosz. 

HK-AGAUl,-7-t^j-^^a, ^r;», IS J:, «. V, 
To pass from a lower rank or condition to 
a higher ; to rise, advance. Kand yahi 
Jcara omoi yaha ye Jisagaru^ to advance 
from an inferior to a more important office. 

HEBARl-T?ZKl,-i-W.-iVa, ^^<' i; 5; >^ , J^ ^, 
i.v. To stick, adhere. UrvM ga hehari- 
hzde hanare mt\ the varnish sticks and 
it can't be separated. Ucht nihakari hehari- 
tszik iru Kio da, a person who does nothing 
but stay in the house. 

Hebi, ^k'j Jg. n. A snake, serpent. — no 
nroho, the Scales of a snake. — fw nuke- 
gara, the cast-off skin of a snake. — ni 
kui'tszharem, to be bitten by a snake. 
Syn. JA, KTcuixAWA. 

Hebi-ichigo, ^tM-f:^, *£ 3§:, n. A 
tasteless kind of strawberry. 

Hebi-tszkai, ^t' 5^^ t, I? 4£ ^, 71. A 

Hkchima, -sf ^, l;^ j^^ n. The snake 

HEDATARi,-rw,-^^a, -^^^pi^, PJS, t. V. To 
be separated, apart, asunder, distant. J^o- 
ku rt hodo hedntaitc om. they are six miles 
apart. Oya ko no naka ga liedaiaru, the 
parent and child are distant (indifferent,) 
to one another. Syn. haxakeru 

nKDATE,-.r2(,-fa, ^i/TrfV, pg, t. v. To 
leave, separate from, part from. To inter- 
pose, place between; separated by, severed. 
Jye wo hedaMe tahi nioni, he has left home 
on a journey. Amenka to Xippon to umi 

wo liedatete oru^ America and Japan are 
sej»arated by the ocean. Tama wo hedateru, 
to be separated by a mountain. HedaU- 
gokoroy estranged, alienated. Hedateru 
kokoro wa nashi, makes no distinction, 
no respect for persons, impartial. 


Hedate, ^^'i 

71. 4 partition, dis- 

tinction, separation. — gaam, — wo 
szm, to make a partition, make a distinc- 

HedatSzru, ^^^;P, Same as, Hedateru. 

Hedo, ^ K, ^ P£, 7i. Eructation of food. 
— wo haku, to eject food from the stom- 
ach. Hedo wo Uzku, (idem.) 

HEDZRl,-rw,-f^a, -s^/;u, ^, Lv. To cut 
or chip off a part, to clip off, to dock. 
Dai wo hedzlte sho 7ii tassz, to clip off from 
the big and add to the small. Hedzri-toru^ 
(idem.) Syn. iiatszru. 

HEGASHI,-S2,-s7^Vflr, ^if^, >^|^J, Caust. 
of Hegi^ to tear off, strip off. Kara kami 
wo fiegashHe hari-kayeni, tear off the wall- 
paper and put on new. 

HEGI,-7«,-?Wa, ^/, I^J, t.v. To strip off, 
peel off, split off. Kt 110 kawa wo — , to 
peel off the bark of a tree. Yane-ita wo — , 
to split shingle?. 


Hk(JI, >\ :¥, w. A strip of wood split off. 
Hegi-boHy a kind of tray made of strips of 
bamboo; Slioga Kio hegt^ one slice of 

Hei, ^ /f, exclam. used in answering, 
same as Hai, = yes. 

Hei, ^/f , ^, w. A fence, wall. Dohei, a 
mud wall. Ita-hei, a board fence. Ishihei, 
a stone fence. Neri-hei^ a fence made of 
bricks and mortar. 

Hei, ^yf j Zp, n. Even, level, plain, com- 
mon, ordinary, usual, peaceful, tranquil, 
used only in compound words. Tai-hei, 
^ Zp, long peace. 

Hei, ^/f ^, n. The cut paper placed in 
a Miya to represent the Kami. 

Hei, ^/f , ^, 7/. An army. — wo ckosz, to 
niise an army, to begin a war. — wo 
neni^ to drill an army. 

Hei-AN, ^Ayy, ^ ^, w. Peace, tran- 
quility, freedom from sickness calamity 
or trouble. Sjn. nuji. 

Hei-an-jo, ^Ar^l^^^, ^ 5c M» «• 
The Mikado's palace. 

Hei-chi, -^/f -t, ^i Jifc, (tairakana Uzchi.) 
Level ground or country, a plain. 

tHEI-CH0,-5Zr?^ ^.f4Ari>, p^ Jl^ To 
conceal or veil an idol from sight. 

Heida^ ^ \ ^', ;?. A bamboo withe. 

Digitized by 





tHEl.DON,-^ri<, ^/f V y, ^ #, (awase 
iwrmu) To despise, look down on; to sub- 
jugate, conquer. Tenka wo — ^ 

HeI-FUKU, -v/f 7^, ^ Jig, (Uzne no hi- 
jnonOs) n. Common usual or'every-day 
clothes^ (not a dress of ceremony.) 

HEl-FUKU,-5z;t/, ^>f 7 ^ , Zj2 f^, To bow 
low, to prostrate one's self. 

tHEl-G'WA,-«57-?«, ^>f /7, ^ 01, To lie 
down. Biydhi de — shHe oru. 

IHei-ji, ^AlP,^^, w. A pitcher, bot- 
tle. Syn. tokkuhi, bin. 

HEl-jl,-6-zr?r, ^>it', Zp figf, (tairage 
o$ament.) i.i\ To quell, subdue, to tran- 
quilize, to quiet. Tenka — , to quiet and 
i-estore peace to the empire. Ran wo — . 
to quell a riot. 

Hei-JITSz, ^Ai>i^, Zp g, Common, 
usual, ordinary, customary, habitual, 
every -day ; always, constantly. — no ht- 
mono, everyday clothes. — to wa chigau, 
different from what is usual. — no ion 
nij in the usual manner. Syn. fuda.x, 


tHfilKA, ^Mfyjf^y, «. The Emperor, 

Heikbgani, ^4^i!'^, :$ ®, w. A kind 
of crab. 

Hei-K1, ^>i ^, ^ g, 71. Weapons of war. 

HBl-KlN,-mt<, -^A^y, ^*|, (taira-\ 
hani hHoML) t. r. To make equal or | 
even, equalize ; to balance, to average. 
NecUm wo hei-kin sh'te ikura, what is the 
average price. nakasz, biyOdo. 

Hei-KI, -N/f :^, ^ ^, w. Calm, tranquil, 
or undisturbed in mind, equanimity, com- 
posure, coolness. Ii/e ga yaketemo — de iru. 
He is calm even if hi:r5 house should burn. 

Hbj-k6,-5Z7W, ^>i a ^,f:^Q/hcckt wo to- 
jiru.) To shut the mouth, to be silenced, 
or defeated in argument. 

tHBi-MlN, ^My,^S:,n. The common 
people, (not the gentry.) 

Hbi-miyaku, --Al^^.^U, n. The 
usual or healthy pulse. 

HEl-MON,-«s;tf, ->sA=fiy, f^ P^, Ononwo 
tojiru.) To imprison in one's own house. 

tHEl-MOTSZ, -s/f ^5^, J|| ^, n. Presents 
of congratulation ; marriage presents. 

Hei-NIN, ^/f i.;^, Zji ^, (tszne-bito,) n. 
A common or ordinary person. 

tHEI-REl, -s>iu'/[, ^ ^, 7u Presents 
made on espousal, or on visits of cere- 

Hei-Saw, ^A-^ty,^^, An ordmary or 
natural parturition. 

Hei-SHA, ^/f i^^^ ^ ^, n. A war chariot. 

tHBl-SHI, ^A i^.& ±^ n. A soldier. 

Hei-SOKU, ^AV^,^%,n. Paper fixed 
to the end of a stick and placed before 
the Kami. — wo latent, 

tHEi-S0KU,-5%r?^ ^AV^, ^ ^, (toji 
fusagam.) To shut up, stop up, close, ob- 
struct, Juki wo — , to check perspu-ation. 

Hbi-sotsz, ^/f W, :^ $, n. Common 

Hei-WA, ^A7, ^ ^,w. Peace, tranquil- 
ity, freedom from disturbance. 

tHEl-WA, ^/f 7, ^p lU , n. Common col- 
loquial, the language of the common 
people. Syn. zokudan. 

Hei-YU, ^4 J, ^ ^, n. Restoration to 
health, cured . Biyoki ga — shHa. 
Syn. zenkVai. hombuki;. 

Hei-zei, ^A^Aj ^4, Common, usual, 
ordinary, customary, habitual, evcry-day. 

Heki, ^^f, j5f j o^ Mj w- a bent, pi-open- 
sity, peculiar habit, way or eccentricity. 
Heki no am h*to, an eccentric i)erson. 
Heki wo in, to say odd thing?. 
Syn. KtJSK, iiENKuTsz. 

tHEKl-GlYOKU, ^^r^3^, M 3E» »*• A 
kind of precious stone of green color; 

tHEKl-REKl, -s^txdj^, US,". Flashing, 
(of lightning, of sword, &c.) 

tHEKl-YEKl,-52r«, ^^^=L^^, £f ^, To 
shrink back in fear, to recoil. tSono ikioi 
ni — . 

HEKOXrASHI,-52,-5/i7a, ^a-^^, ^ PS, 
tv. To indent, to pit, hollow. Yuhi de — , 
to indent with the finger. 

HEKOMi,-mt/,-«c;a, -n^a, |ljg^ t>. To be 
indented, pitted, hollowed, (fig.) to be 
defeated, to give in. Kana dzchi de tataita 
ka hekonde oni. I suspect it was indented 
by the blow of a hammer. Hm-to deki- 
nakute hekonde shimatta, not being able to 
reply he was defeated. Syn. kubomu. 

Hekomi, ^3 > , fg, n. An indentation, a 
loss in measure or weight, a falling short. 
Hekomi ga dekiia, it has fallen short (in 
measure, &c.) it is indented. -— ninatut, 
to be short in measure. 

tHEM-BEN,-5zr2^, ^y^y^ Jg ^^ (,v. To 
repay, pay back, refund, make restitution. 
Syn. KAYESz. 

HEM..BUT8Z, ^yr-y, ig #, n. An ec- 
centric person, an obstinate bigoted per- 

HE-MEGURl,-rw,-«a, -^ >^;u, ^ 7g, i.^, 
lo travel about. Kum-guni wo — , to 
travel from country to country. 

tHEM-PA, ^y.s^^ fijjjl, (katagori.) n. 

Digitized by 





PjrtialltT, faroritisru. HHi hempm na^i 
ut\ vLUioit :.troT Of partiiliiy. htmpa 

Hem-pai, ^yj^A . j^ if. RttnriiiiiS iLe 
wi»je^!a-s. — iyt-fJ*- -osZj I ret am jou 

iLe g. J5S- 

tHEM-PEX-TO. ^y^y^ gS El- a/r. In 
a fi n:rnr-;r mar.ner, wareriii^. Hata — 
Jh•^i«. tie fi'.z wa^'es (.n tLe wi:,d.; 1«- 
ib — /»r«- Syiu HiBL4'Bir4 to*. 

Hkx-PI, -^ > t . (jg ^ . A remote counirr, 
rerin?d, niraL — »« i4jh>ro. 

Hem-pG. '^y^^, S #« *- Answer, re- 
ply. nei^Tiiia:. rer^^je, reng^ai-c*. 7V- 
i« Ml — ir.r *GrM, to take ret^eanee oa an 
eoemy. T^n^mi de — in> «=nf, to answer 
by letter. 

Hxi-Pos-TO, ^y^y. jg S- *'f- ^ » 

wari.. T finiteria^ mam^trr. I/aia it^mp'>m 
to Laze ui h'lbvhu tiie fia<; wares io tlie 
n ii*J. — cr«. to flatter, ^^r fly. 

tHEM-PUKU, '^^y^. li is, *. A ba^ 
Syn- KdMozi. 

Hex. -^ >-, ^. fl. Parr, re-ji'io- place, aiie. 
K^Hirkftk^ u*L« fcide, L«rL:L':>^rL •>], or re- 
•TciQ- -lit* Arti- tLat side, iLit p jcv. 
^yn. BOTOKI. ataU. 

Hkx. '^yy ^, A. A sectoc. rtr bc^*k. a set 
of brt:ka ULier oce orer. h-p*^^ mi -kern, 

sets of b<:ks. AT ihrw -j*^, tie s<ro.-Ld 

3kx^ -^y. f||, Aji uj^saai or rtran^ 
afair. AVw *,..* i-^ •*a tmiL t>:liEi utu- 
j-iaL N^vfAa I ^.\ a 5m;j.ze or enr*- -r- 
t]'*„ary afair. Tljt-A^w. a ^rtai or dieadfii 

Hex. -^y, ^. ' vV,^ NT3::i*nl :W tlxes. 
/»;f«»« o-ce. A'-i<ft, tw.j*. .Setr-irt, iLree 

Hen\ ^^'^ (g. If. TLe kft side ndicals 
«~f a clara.-tcr, as. AT-A^«. »r*\«-.Vai, ^74e- 

Hex-:-', -^^K. ^ J:. A r«i:c-:e c:u -try 

rtr^':t cataI\aCa« bkm-pi. 
Hks-oaI, ^y^i. §^tk* To vL-nje. 

alrer J<fc>*-w im* — «:ni> to chaire 

Hex-<5E, '^>'^- fl ft. To traD>fon« iret- 
awcrL:*?*. AVrjotf ^ ik^^pt *i>e A** 
If *»^nf. tie ;Vx is char.::^ a itin. 
i5lf»J?^^^fc*'*. laetaHiC-Tj^Las^Td iLii.^ 

*Hen-1, ^>^. §1 P, Awcadffprc^ jT, 
a stncge or mL:2Sud {ikeDomeooc — 

Hkx-JI, -^^i.'. g ^. K- An answer, re- 
ply. — *i*nc iM re* am ans^rcr, to reply. 
— ^i >tat\ Uij answer. Syn. hex-to, kg- 


HEXJl.-ri/,-/'T. ^yiTft-. §|, f. r- To 
cLai.cre, ai:er, tnnsfomi. to metamor- 
pt.':«ae- 7*.^*' ir* i^n '*e Jam !• crtL, to 
change stci-cs in:»> ^id. 

HicX-jL '>^>'>'. fl ^f. (ha^aitM hoto,) h. 
An m,::>ual or acraL:z»; erett. a wonder. 

HKX-Jo,-«2Li-!f. ^v'S?-Y'>. ^ Jl, To re- 
turn, seiid back, repay. Srn. katkshi- 

tHfiX-KAi, ^yiiA. S 1^' The whole 
world- 5?yn. axaxekx-ckkaL 

tHKX-KAKr,-«rif,-N>^^.U^,fa-. To 
alter, rtform, to ci-atze^ OLir« tro — ^ to 
ilier the bws. 

fHKX-K'TAKU.-«riTf. ^y^'r^y % i^, 
/. r. To pay-back, rrtum. restore. 
Syn. noiBKX. betbsz. 

HEX-Kin^ ^^^'f. |g Jg, Set in one's 
O7h-i3os or ways, b c*>:ed. d-tgniatic, ob- 
s:.Late. — ua if*. Syn. CATAKintrsHliy 

Hex-k'wa. '^^'^y. H ft, Jt. Change, 
aI:cTati-:i-. traE^fc-ntation. Tariatioo. ricis- 
shude. r.trani'.rri.':-^ — $zru. to change, 
Tary. S\'hi »t>— . the chaLjes of the four 
©ca?* c:«L Sya. Cawalc. EACEKr. 

Hex-Xo. ^ >-*-*- >r H- "" Camphw. 

*HEX-XO,-v<c-!f.-N>-»--'.ggi. To return, 
jtCLd-tcck, ie«tcre. pay-iack. (as a borrow- 
€ii tLi;;^.) Sy^ c »Trsi hexjO sxRr. 

Hex KO." 'v/a. ^H- •• Membnun 
virile Syc ixcito, xa^kox, xa£A. cnix- 
rd, >Bin- 

Hkx-rei.-<:' -f. -^>v 4. gJB T<>^^um 
a e-n-: 1.:::^:;^ luake a |res«£t in return. 

*HEX-lkKl,-s:-f. ^>l^#. ^ g|. To 

Hen-Sai. ^y-^ f - £ HF- To return, re- 
lay, R^.jre. 

Hex-^HI, ^>> , ){i J^, «. A short time, 
a n. ; ii-t u;- — *% .-. iracjWr, n >t lo forge t 
f r a i;. . r:; : :::. Syn- K-.ta-tx^O. 

Hex-SHI. ^>s , si IE- a. A strange, 
iaxu> ;iL or ai.ra;ural death. 

*Hex-S--ix\ ^>i^y {g ^, «. The whole 

Hkx'-SHIX, ^>^>^% Ji. fl^yffki MO- 
f«'«cr» To »e;.:n:. s*ei«i back, (to a 
s^^f^r-.vr. Syru uexjO. 

•Hex^shC, ^>>y^ S tl« Obstinate, 
s5s^l'K:ra. ixiC in Oj I'l;-! , pertinaeioQp. 

oti>:^.i.-y K ly l^rtxwut: i'j^wns to one's- 

Digitized by 





Hen-TETSZ, ^^r y, Effect, result, ulility, 
virtue, taste, good quality, always fol- 
lowed by mo nai» Kono karashi nan no 

— mo «flw*, tbis mustard has not the least 
taste. Kuszri tea nan no — mo nai) the 
medicine has no taste, or, has no effect. 
Omoshiroku mo — mo nai^ not the least 

Hen-to, -s>^7, Jg^, Answer, reply. 

— szru, to answer, reply. — ga nai, no 
answer. Syn. uenji, uempo, kotaye. 

Henu, -s;?, neg. of ifem, 

Heo, ^^=7, J£ ^, n. The cord attached 

to a falcon's foot. 
Heppirimushi, -N^i! i)>5^, ^ ^, n. A 

kind of stinking bug. 
Hera, ^ 7 , M? A paddle, spatula, a 

trowel. KaneherUy a metal spatula, a 

Heradz, -s^x', ;j; JgJ, Neg. oiHeru. — 

guchi wo iu^ to continue to talk after being 

defeated in argument. 
HEBA8Hi,-^,-^AYa, -S7 ;* , Sc, t.v. To 

lessen, diminish, reduce in number, or 

bulk. H'io xco — , to reduce the number 

of persons. Iriyotco — , to lessen expenses. 

Kui-herasz, to lessen by eating. Tazkai- 

heraBtj to lessen by using. Syn. genshO 


Heri, ^y, i^, w. a border, binding, 
edging of a garment, mat &.c. — too toru, 
to make a border. Heri-iori-goza^ a mat 
with a binding. 

HERi,-rM,-^^a, ^/u, J|(, f.r. Lessened in 
bulk, duninished in number, to wear away. 
Kadz ga hetta^ the number is diminished. 
Bara ga herUj to be hungry. To-ishi 
ga — , the whet-stone wears away. 
Syn. GENSHO sn'TA, szkunaku natta. 

H^^Jj ^V> JiC) w. A diminution, loss, 
waste. Hen ga tatsz, there is a loss, or 
waste, (in goods, &c., as from handlbg.) 
Syn. iiEKOMi. 

HERI-KUDARl,-?-t(,-^<a, ^V ^^^^,^, «r. 
To humble one's self. Me wiye no Kto ni 
herhkudaruy to humble one's self before a 
superior. Syn. Kex-tai, k ex -son, hige 
?2BU, s'hta m beru. 

Hesaki, -^^ ^ , |g, n. The bow of a ship. 
Syn. MIO8HI. 

||HESHI,-52,-5/^'^nr,-.;^ , ^g,^ r. To press 
down, force down, to crush, to repress, 
subdue. II''to tea hesz^ to treat another 
with arrogance. Kuchi wo — , to force 
to be silent. Syn. osz. 

liHESHi-ORi,-n/,-<^«, ^^-i-zu, % iff, ^r. 
To break by pressing down, (as across 
the knee). 

l|HESHl-TSZKE,-n(,-^a, ^>^:/^;w, E^, 
Same as Hesz, 

Heso, ^y, ^ ^, w. a ball of thread 

Heso, ^ y , ^, n. The navel. — no wo, 
the navel string. Syn. nozo. 

Heso-kuri-gane, ^ y ^ V ;?r^, fZ M IK» 
w. Pin money, the small private earnings 
of the wife. 

Heta, ^^, 3^5!^, w. The calyx of the blos- 
som which remains attached to the fruit. 

Heta, ^^, ^ ^> Unskillful, inexperi- 
enced, unused to, clumsy, bungling, awk- 
ward. — wo sk*(aj to bungle. — no 
isim, an unskillful doctor. Sake wa heta 
de gozarimasi excuse me, I am not used 
to sake. Saiku ga — da, the work is 
badly done. Syn. bUchouo, jOdz nai. 

HETABARi,-rw,-^^a, ^^^'^•/w, uv. To 
bend down, to bow low. Hetabari-tszlu, 

||Heta-heta to, ^^ ^^ V , adv. Limber, 
pliant, flexible. Hetarito, (idem). 

Hettszi, ^ y y >f , ^, w. a cooking 
range. Syn. kamado. 

HETSZRAi,-aw,-a^^a, ^^7 7,®||i, tx. 
To flatter, to fawn upon, pay court to, 
to play the sycophant, to endeavour to 
please. HHo ni kei^raUy to flatter others. 
Hetszrai mono^ a flatterer, a sycophant. 
Me wiye no Kto ni ketszratte shusse wo szrHj 
to flatter a superior and get promotion. 


Hetszrai, -n:>^-7 t, |g, n. Flattery, adu- 
lation, sycophancy. Syn. tsxishO, kobi. 

Hetszru, ^ *;^;U, See Hedzri. 

Heya, ^-v, ^ ^, n. A room, apartment. 

Heyadzmi, ^-vX^ , ^ >j^, «. A son who 
still lives with his parents. 

Hi, h, H , n. The sun. — no hikan\ the 
light of the sun. — 7io de, the rising of 
the sun. — no iri, the setting of the sun. 

— no toru michi (sekido), the equinoctial, 
or, ihe orbit of the sun. — ga teru, sun 
shines. — ga lUszru, the sun shines on. 
or, is reflected in. I/i ga takeru, the sun is 
getting high. — ni sarasz, to expose to 
the sun. Syn. nicui-kin, tentosama, 


Hi, h, H>w. Day. — ganagai. — ga 
mijihai, — wo hern, to spend the time, 

— wo nohasz, to postpone the day. — 
wo sadamerii, to fix vbe day. — wo 
hurasz, to spend the day. — wo szgosZy 
(idem). Bi wo iatern, (idem). Bi loo 
okum, (idem). Syn. mchi, jitsz. 

^^> t, i^, n. Fire. — ga moyerxi, the 

fire burns. — ga hiem, the fire is going 

I out. — ga (s^hi, \o catch fire. — wo 

Digitized by 



HIA h 

HIB h 

taku, to make a fire. — wo moszy (idem). 

— fjco kesz, to put out fire. — wo utsz, 
to strike fire, (with a flini). — wo ikeruy 
to keep fire in, (by covering it with ash- 
es). — no te^ the flame of a conflagration. 

— no mihan^ a fire watch. — no yo-jin, 
preparation, or care against a fire. — ni 
ataiM. to warm at the fire. 

Hi, t, ifil Jf , «. , Tne longitudinal groove 
in a sword blade. 

tHi, h, ^., w. The spleen. Hi no zo, 

Hi, b, ^, w. Vermilion color. Ml no 
IcoromOy a crimson robe. 

fHl, b, ^, (kori), n. Ice. m%'hi, thin 

Hi, b, ^, n. Bad, wrong, not so. — wo 
tUsZf to criticise, point out the defects. — 
m ocktruy to be convicted of wrong ; to be 
cast in a suit, proven guilty. Ze to hi 
no wakaranu mono, a person who does 
not know the difference between right 
and wrong. H'tonohiwo i-tateru, to speak 
of the evil doings of other?. Syn. ashi. 

Hi, b, ^, n. a water pipe, spout, trough, 
a faucet. Ill no kuchi, the mouth of a 
faucet, or drain. — wo udzmeru, to lay a 
a water-pipe under ground. Syn. toi. 

Hi, b, ij^y n- A weaver's shuttle. Hata 7W 

Hi, b, H, n. A monument, a stone tablet, 
a stone cut for lithograph in jr. Bi wo 
iateru, to erect a monument. SeliU, 
a stone monument. Hi no nuij the in- 
scriptions on a monument. 

Hl,-fW,-^a, b/w, ^, t.r. Dried in the 
sun ; dry. Urushi ga hita, ihe lacquer 
is dry. jbaikon ga Mia, ihe radish is dry. 
Shiwo ga — , the tide has ebbed. Hi kaia, 
the dry beach. HiagarUy fully dried. 
HimonOy articles of food dried in the sun, 
particularly dried fish. lion ga hifiat, the 
discussion is not ended. Syn. kawaku, 


Hl,-rw,-^a, b/t-, ^, tv. To winnow or 
clean grain by throwing it up in the air 
and cfttching it in a basket. Mi de kome 
wo hirxiy to winnow rice with a basket. 

Hl,-rM,-f^a, b;u, JK» ^'^' Used in the 
phrase. Hana wo — , to sneeze. He wo 

Hl-ABURI, br/V, ilC ?fljy «• Punish- 

ment by burning at the stake. — id ^w-w, 

to burn at the stake 
Hl-AI, bTb, H P^j w. Many days, a 

number of days. — ga iaifaj many days 

have elapsed. 

jHl-Al, \lTA, ^ S, (kanashitni-kanashi' 
mu.) Grief, sorrow. 

Hi-AGARi,-rw,-«a, \,rifP, ^ Jt, «>• 
Dried, arid, parched. Syn. kawaku. 

Hl-ASHl, bT5^, H M, n. The rays of the 
sun. Mado kara hi-aihi ga sasz, the sun's 
rays enter by the window. 

tHl-AYAUSHl, br-v^5^, Exclam. = « Be 
careful of fire, " the call of a watchman at 

Hl-BA, b>'<', 1^ ^, n. Dried radish leaves. 

HlBA, b-'<', >y: ^j n. A kmd of evergreen, 
The Thujopsis delabrata. 

HlBABA, b^f^NV^-, # JB. #, n. Great- 
grand mother. 

HlBABA, b ^<! ."f, 1"S H #j ^ Great- 
great grand mother. 

HlBACHI, b/^f , >)IC S4^, w. A brazier. 

HlBAN, iL^^y, ^^ #, Not on duty, off- 
duty. Konnichi hihan de gozanmas, aiu 
off-duty to day. Hi-han to-han naku tszyne- 
kiri, to be always on duty, without a di- 
vision of watch. 

HlBANA, b•f-^, ^ ^, 7u A spark. — wo 
chirashHe /atakaUy to tight until the sparks 

Hl-BART, b>'^V . S ^, w. A skylark. 

HlBASAMl, b.'^-^^, ^X^j «• The cock 
of a ffun, or the place where the match is 
held m a match-lock. 

Hl-BASHl, h^^-y X ^} w- Two iron rodw 
used for taking up fire ; tongs. 

HlBl, btr, HJf, w. Chaps, or cracks in the 
hands produced by cold. Te ni — ga hire- 
ta^ the hands are chapped. Hihi-akagire j 
chapped and cracked, 

HlBl, bt', ^j n. The cracked appearance 
of porcelain. — ga iUa setomono. Hihi-yaki^ 
a kind of porcelain made to look as if 

Hl-Bl-Nl, bf:i, H , flw^r. Daily, every 

HlBl-HIBl-NI, bt'bt', fidem.) 
Syn. Nicm-Nicni ni, mai-niciii. 

HlBlKASKj-r-Mj-^a, b f 7^^ 4t;i^, ^m^i Caust. 
of Hibikiy to cause to reverberate, or echo. 

HlBlKl,-/jw,-fto, bk'iJ', i|p, f.r. To echo, 
resound, reverberate, to extend, as, an im- 
pulse, shock, or concussion. Toki no koge 
ten 7ii hibiku^ the shout resounded to the 
heavens. Teppo ga natte shoji ni Jiihihi^ 
the sound of the guns reverberates against 
the windows. Hibiki-wataru, to rever- 
berate on every side. Ashi no itojni ga 
ataniu ye — , the pain cf the foot reaches 
to the head. 

HiBlKl; bt'^ %, n. Sound, noise, report. 

Digitized by 


niD b 

HID k 


echo ; shock, concussion ; a crack. I'^po 
m hiinhif the report of a gun. Jishin no — , 
the shock of an earthquake. — ga trUj to 
be cracked. 

HlBlSO, h f V , n. An inferior kind of raw 
silk from the outside fibres of a cocoon. 

HlBO, or HlMO. k^, 15, n. Cord, braid, 
a plaited string. 

HlBOSHl, b#5^, H Ijig, Dried in the sun, 
(fig.) emaciated by starvation, Hihoshi- 
gaki, dried persimmons. — ni sarerti, to 
be starved, shrivelled by starvation. 

Hi-BUKURE, t/^i^, ^ g, n. The 
blister from a bum. Yahedo sKtc — ni 
Tiatta, to be burnt and blistered. 

Hl-BUN, k/^, 1^ ^, Unbecoming one's 
station, wrong, improper, unjust, unrea- 
sonable. — nofurumctiy improper conduct. 
— no scUa^ an unjust sentence. — no Uz- 
mi ni ochiru, to receive an undue degree 
of punisliment. Syn. atarimai wo iiadz- 


Hl-BUBUI, kr/i-'f, H ®S, w. Daily shake 
of the ague. 

Hl-BUTA, kr^, i«C Pm, n. The trig- 
ger of a gun. 

HlCHl, k-f-, Kf, see Shichi. 

HlCHI, k^, ^, Seven, same as SJtichi. 

HlHCIRlKI, kf y^r, ¥^, n. A small 
pipe, or flageolette. — no sKtay the reed 
of a flageolette. 

HlDA, k^, |j|, n. Plaits, folds. — tea torn, 
to plait. 

fHlDAI, k^/f, BE :k7 Corpulent, fat. 

HlDACHT,-^«2,-/^a, k^^', &,uv. To 
gradually imjrove, or grow better in 
health or size, (said of a sick person, or 
infant.) Akambo ga dan-dan hidatsz^ the in- 
fant gradually grows in size. 

HlDACHI, k^-f, HJE, w. The daily im- 
provement, or convalescence of a sick 
person, the daily growth of an infant. — 
ga hai. 

HlDAMA, k^^, >X 3E> w. Will of the 
wisp, Ignis fatuus, a ball of fire. 

HiDARl, k^ V , 2£, w. The left. — no te, 
the left arm. — no ho^ the left side. 

HlDAKl-GAMAYB, k^V//"^^, 2£ J!|i W- 
A left position, or left guard, (jw in fenc- 
ing ) 

HiDARl-GIKI, k^lM^, ^ ?f!l,Or HlDA- 
RI-GITCHO, k^V^^^f^, n. T^'ft-lumd- 

HiDARl-MAKr, k^'i;-^^r, /£ jf, w. Turn- 
ing towards the left in winding. 

HlDARl-MAYE, k^l) -^^, 2£ ^tti ^'- ^i'^" 
toning on the left side, the right breast of 

the coat being folded over the left. Shin- 
slid — ni nattay to ^suffer a reverse of 

HiDARl-NAWA, k*'V-^''^, ^ iffi, M. A 
rope nwide by twisting to the left. 

HlDARUl,-Kr,-SHI, k^'/l-'f, ^ H, «. 
Hungiy. Syn. haraueru, iiiMojir, ku- 
FIKII, wirKiiu. 

HlDARUGARl,-m,-^^fr, k^>7y;i^, «.r. To 
feel hungry, to talk of being hungry. 

HlDARUKU, or HlDARU, k^'/l-^, fL, 
ado. Hungry. 

HiDARUSA, k^';H^, ft, w. Hunger. 

Hl-DASHl,-5Z,-«A'^a, k^'-^, g^ tU, ^ tr. 
To winnow, or clean by throwing up the 
grain with a shallow basket called a mi. 

HiDE,-rt*,-;a, k/f f>, ^, t. r. To grow 
up to full size as a plant, to excel, sur- 
pass, to be preeminent, beautiftil. Hideie 
minor azaru monOj a plant that has attain- 
ed its full size but produces no fruit. 
Gaku ni hiderUy to excel in learning. 
Mayu ga — , her eyebrows are surpass- 
ingly l)eautiful. Hidetaru ko wo tateru, 
to perform a work of surpassing merit. 
Syn. SZGtJRERU, nckixbekd. 

HlDEN, kr^, IB mi w- A secret, or 
private formula, art, or instruction wJiich 
one has been taught by others, or which 
has come down in one's fjimily. — tco 
oshigeru, sadzkeru^ nkeruy yurusz. 

HlDF.Rl, krV?^, ». A droughty long 
continuance of clear weather. — doBhi., a 
year of drought. Syn. kampatsz. 

Hl-Do, k^'^, ^^ Jit, (michi ni aradz.) 
Cruel, unjust, outrageous. — na koto. — 
%ro sziiiy to behave tyranically. 

Hl-DOGU, t^'^;/, ilt Ji :ft, ». Tools for 
striking fire, (as flint, steel, tinder, &c.) 

HlIX)I,-Kl,-SHl, kK4, BS, a. Cruel, 
severe, grievous, inhuman, hai-d, outra- 
geous, excessive, atrocious. Ilidoi me ni 
an, to meet with cruel or hard treatment. 
Jlidoi Kto d<i, a cruel, hard man. Ilidoi 
fi^dan, an exorbitant price. Ilidoi atszi da, 
it is exceedingly hot. Syn. kasake-nai, 


HlDOKEl, kK^-^j fl^ th w. Asun- 

HlDOKO, k K3, >XBiy^- A fire-place. 
HlDOKU, k KjJ^, gS, adv. see Ilidoi. 
HlDORl,-r«,-^^a. k K/i', j^, t r. To dry 

by heating in a pan, to roast. Cha tco — , 

to fire tea. 
HlDORl, k K V , ® , w. Selecting or 

fixing on a day. — tco szntj to ^x on a 


Digitized by 



HIG t 

HIH h 

HlDOSA, h K-»f, n. Severity, atrocity, &c., 
sec Hidol, 

HlDZME, ty^?*, 3$, n. The hoof of an 

HlDZMl,-7?iW,-?K7a, h^-^, ^, ».• t?. De- 
viating from a straight line, inclined, ob- 
lique, aslant, awry, askew, crooked. Shoji 
ga hidznde tatetmsen, the sash is askew 
and will not shut. Syn. szjikau, magaru. 

HlFU, t7, ^ ®? "• A kind of coat, worn 
by doctors, priests, or gentlemen who have 
retired from business. 

fHlFU, h7, Jffc )§» (lawa. hadaye.) The 
skin, texture and color of the skin. 

HlFUKl, t7+, i^ P^, w- A vessel into 
which tobacco ashes are blown from the 
pipe. — dake^ a piece of bamboo used for 
blowing the fire. 

HlGAKE, b^'^, H ^, w. Daily pay- 
ments or contributions. Tana-chln tvo — 
ni sNte torn, to receive the house rent in 
daily payments. 

HlGA-KOTO, tp&'a |., ^Jf ^, n. Anything 
incorrect, false, untrue, improper or absurd. 

HlGAMBANA, h;^>'^^-h, tftJ^^E? *'• The 

HiGA-ME, tif/,^ @ , w. Seeing incor- 
rectly, eyes mistaken or deceived. Tai-^ho 
to mirxiwa — ha^ are my eyes mistaken 
in thinking I see the general ? 
. HiGAMl,-7?^?«,-?^cZa, h if^ , ^^, i.v. Crook- 
ed, warped, depraved, perverse, prejudiced, 
partial. Kokoro wa h'gand4i only his mind 
is depraved. Higami lon-jo, perverse dis- 
position. To ga — , the door is warped. 


HiGAN, \Lifyj tS J^, w. A period of 7 
days in the 2nd and 8th months, appro- 
priated to the worship of Buddha. 

HlGAXA-lCHl-NUCHl, h7!^'-h>if^f, 

— H, The whole day. Syn. hinemosz, 

HlGANZAKURA, )iij'y^^^, ^ J^ flS» 

n. A kind ot cherry tree. 
Hl-GARA, t7!^'7, H ffij The kind of day, 

as to lucky or unluky; or simply, day. 

— ^rt goi\ a lucky day. — ga tcaruL a 
bad, or unlucky day. — tachite nochi, after 
some days. 

HlGARAMEj \:iff/, V. Squint-eyed. 

Syn. hZGAMK. 
HiGASA, XLiJ'-^, B M) ^- ^ parasol, 

HlGASBl, hfj'y, ^, n. The east. — no 

ho. — no hrtay eastern side. — muhi, 

facing the cast. — uk^, (idem). 
Hl-GASill, h^'5^|^,|^'y%w. SeaJTigivasJiL 

Hl-GAYERl, \Lif^\), H, Going and 
returning on the same day. — ni 9zrUy 
to go and return on the same day. 

HlGE, by, |S. The beard. Uwa-hige^ 
a mustache, ilo-hige, whiskers. SfCia- 
Mge, the beard on the chin. 

HlGE, t'J^*, JjjL T», Behaving in an humble 
manner, taking a low place; depreciating 
one's self. Hige shHe mono tco tw, to speak 
humbly. Dzl-bun hige itasz ni shihadz^ 
there is nothing better than an humble 
deportment. Hige szgiruj to be over 
modest or humble. Syn. ken-son, ken- 


fHlGI, h^, ^^ H, (giniaradz). Un- 
just, unreafiouable. 

Hl-GlRl, h^V, IS, w. A fixed tune, 
a set time in which to do anything. — 
wo szru, to set a time. Syn. nichi-cen. 

tHl-GlYO, t^^t>, fit frijiobt yuku). 
Flying. Sennin higiyo jizai^ the Senniu 
fly whenever they please. 

HlGO, h^, ^, n. A long and slender 
slip of bamboo, used in making baskets. 

Hl-GO, t=f7 y ji% H, Innocent, guiltless, 
not having done anything in the previous 
state of existence to bring down retribu- 
tion in this life, (Bud). H^go na shi wo 
awaremuj to deplore the death of one cut 
off (apparently) without cause. 

Hl-GORO, h^'pj Jj$, Conmion, usual, 
for years past, habitual. — no negai ga 
kanotOy have gained what I have for years 
been wanting. — no gUriki, his usual 

Hi-GOTAI, b^^^, >)IC^>w- The property 
of enduring fire. — ga yoi^ incombusti- 
ble, fire proof — ga tcarui, easily con- 

Hl-GOTO-Nr, b^T].-, ^ Q, (maimch%)i 
adv. Daily, every day. Syn. Kicni-xicui. 

Hl-GUCHI, b;^-f, tK Pi w. The touch- 
hole of a gun. Syn. k'wamon. 

Hl-GURASHl, \Lfy'yj (^, n. A kmd of 

Hl-GURK, b/ix, Hjfc,w. Sunset, evening. 

HlG'WASHI, b;?^7^, fg H ^, n. A 
kind of confectionary- 

Hi-HAN,-.ss5n^ }L^\y, ^ f^l,t.r. To 
criticise, to point out the defects, animad- 
vert upon. Bun tco — , to criticise a 
writing. SInmo to sKte o kami no koto wo 
— szhfkaradz, an inferior should not cri- 
ticise the acts of his superior. Hihan 
sznc tokoro nashi, there is no room for 
criticism. Syn. iii wo utsz. 

HlHARA, \L^\yy w, The side of the abdo- 

Digitized by 


HIK h 

HIK h 


Hl-Hl, t hj ^^ i%, n. The orang-outaDg. 

tHi-H6,-5zrw, t'N^, ^ ^, t.v. To 
speak evil of, slander, calumniate. B'to 
tCO — . Syn. B08HIRU, waruko-iu. 

Hlji, tl', ^5 The elbow. — looharu, 
to stretch out the elbows, (as in a dis- 
pute). — wo magete mdkura to nru^ to 
make a pillow of the arm. 

Hl-Jl, hi?, 1^ S#j ^« A feast on the eve 
of the anniversary of a death. 

tHlJI, t-K, tS, {dcro), n. Mud. 

Hui, h i?, |£i ^, «. A secret. 

Hul-Jl, tl'f, % ifi ^, «. Great-grand 

HlJUl, \lA f'f , ]g JH ^, n. Great-great 
grand father. 

HlJlKl, b^^, ^ /fC, w. A wooden elbow, 
brace, a wooden knee. 

BLuiKi, b-?*, ^ ^ IS, n. A kind of 
edible seaweed. 

Hi-JINI, b-?-, IR 5E» C^m^ni.) To 
starve to death. 

HiJl&I, b^V> S> **• A sage, one intui- 
tively wise and good, a Buddhist priest. 
Koya-hijiri, a Buddhist saint. Syn. sei- 


Hi-JIRIMKN, bf'M y, ^f ]^ If, n. Red 

HuiTSZBO, bt'^^'K, Hill, n. A hook 
and stiple hinge. 

-j-Hu6, b:?-v^, ^ ^, (^^27^c Wi aradz,) 
Uncommon, unusual, strange, extraordina- 
ry, an unexpected event, emergency. 

■fHl-JO, ti^^^y ^^ jjl, (kokoro aradzj 
Without feeling, inanimate, (as trees &c.) 
Cyo hi-joj animate and inanimate. 

HUOGI, b-^^^^, ^ Tj:, w. A post 
used for showing the hour by it« shadow. 

fHl-JUTSZ, \Li>^^:^, M%y^' Secret 
art, or skill. 

HiKAGE, yL-hVj §5 w- Sunlight, sunshine. 
Hihage wo midz ni shinda^ died without 
seeing the light. Hihage atataha ni 
natta, the sun is warm. Hikage mono, 
one who, for some oflfence, is compelled to 
live in privacy. 

HlKAKI, b^:^, ^K^, n. Afire-pokcr. 

HlKAN, hijy, J^:^, n. Marasmus, 

HlKARABl,-r?^-/a, }Lij7h';U, ;(§ |g, 
I. V. Dried and shriveled. 

HlKARAKASHl,-5Z,-5A7a, hij^^j:^, /^ 
:5t, or, BlKARASE,-ru,-ta, Canst, of A'- 
iari\ to cause to shine, to make bright. 

EiKXKE-ru^-tcf, b^i/;u, f^ 5[, Pats, of 
Iliku, to be led, &c. 

HlKAlU, b^V, 3t, /i. Light, lustre, ra- 


diance, refulgence, brightness, gloss, bril- 
liance, glitter, (fig.) influence, power, vir- 
tue. Jhti no — , light of the sun. — tro 
Uztszmuy to hide one's light. — ga saszy 
the light shines. 

HiKARi,-rw,-e^a, \Lij)^, :5t, t. V. To 
shine, to glitter, sparkle, glisten, glossy, 
bright, to flash, gleam. Hoshi ga hikarUy 
the stars shine. Hikariwataru^ to flash 
or glisten on all sides. Inadzma ga — , 
the lightning flashea Syn. kagayaku. 

HiKASARE,-rw,-fa, \L'h'^\y)^j He ^l? 
Pass, of Hlka^ same a.s Bikarent, to be 
tempted, enticed, led astray. Sake ni hi- 
kasarete michi wo somuku, to be led astray 
by sake and forsake the right way. 

HiKASE,-rw,-^a, b75r-b;^, or HiKASHi,- 
sz^-sh'ta, b Ttf >^ , The caust. of Biku, 

HlKATA, b;^^, ^ ^, w. A dry sandy 

HiKAyE,-?-M,-^a, hij^f^, i^, t.t\ To 
pull back, to draw back, to restraiu one's 
self, refrain, to hold-back, to check, stop, 
to forbear. Uma wo — , to rein back a 
horse. Sode wo hikayete tOy to pull the 
sleeve (of any one going) and inquire. 
Sake wo — , to diminish the amount of 
wine a person drinks. Yennyo $Kte hika- 
yeni^ to refrain on account of diffidence. 
Cko'tnen ni — , to make a memorandum, 
or note of anything, in a note book. Hon 
wo hikayete koshaku wo kiku, to listen to a 
lecture following it out of the book. 
Jdkaye nasare, please restrain 30urself. 
Kmhi wo — , to refrain from speaking. 
Kikayete Kto wo tosz^ to step back and let 
another pass. lye no maye ni ido wo — , 
to make a well near the front of a house. 

HiKAYE, b Tb's, ^$, n. An entry, or mem- 
orandum made as a voucher, anything 
kept as a pattern, Cho-ynen ni — ga aru, 
there is a memorandum in the ledger. 

IIHlKAYE-BASHlRA, b*^^^^>^7, ^ ^, 
n. A prop. Syn. tszkkaibo. 

HiKAYE-GAKI, h^^:^^, j^ ^j W. A 
memorandum, a jiote, minute, or voucher. 

HlK AYEME, h-h^z/i"^ @ , w. Forbcar- 
j.nce, self-restraint, modesty, moderation, 
temperance. — 7ii szru, to exercise mod- 
eration. Kuchi wo — ni szru, to bo 
moderate in talking. Ban-ji — ni nasa- 
re. be temperaie in all things. 
Syn. t:ciba, yenriyo. 

HlKAYESA6E,-rW,-^a, b^^-if-k/t', ^\^, 
Caust. oi Hikayeru. 

Hike, b^/, ^\^ n. Only used in phrase, 
— wo toru. to be defeated. 

niKE,-n/,-/a, b ^ A , 51 ; *• ^- To with- 

Digitized by 



HIK t 

HIK ti 

draw, retire, to cheapen. Ban-sho ga 
hiheta, the officers have left the guard 
house. Nedan tea hike-maseny I cannot 
cheapen it. Asa ban m dete yUgata hi- 
keruj to go out on duty in the morning, 
and leave in the evening. Hike-hucM^ 
about to retire. 

tHlKEN,-sz)*w, h^ >,Jft^, (hirahimiru,) 
To open and read (a letter.) 

HiKESHi, t^-y, ^KX^i ^ ^ fire-man. 
— gumij a fire company. 

HiKETSZ, b^^>J', IK la J ^- Constipation 
of bowels. 

HiKI, t^, 55 » Numeral for animals; for 
a piece of silk of 52 feet long; for ten cash. 
Utnu 7iampih\ how many horses? Ushi 
sambiki, three head of oxen. Kimi ippiki, 
one piece of silk. Zenijippihiy a hundred 
cash. H'yappihiy one ichibu. 

HlKl, \lA ^^ :^M> ^' Partiality, favorit- 
ism, patronage. — wo stnt, to favor, to 
act with partiality. — ni omo^ to feel par- 
tial, to favor, — }io hiki-daoshi, injured by 
partiality. — ni saretiij to be regarded 
with favor or partiality, to be patronized. 

IIlKl, h^, ^, n. A frog. Syn. kawadz. 

HiKi,-/.'«,-?^a, b^, 5I> ^*^- 'To P^^^» 
draw, haul, drag, lead, tow; To retire, 
withdraw from, retreat; to stretch, pro- 
long, extend, spread; to deduct, sub- 
tract ; to quote, cite, to look for a word 
in a dictionary; to distribute; to saw, to 
grind , to play on a stringed instrument. 
Vma tco — , to lead a horse. Dai-kon 
wo — to pull up a radish. Haha no te 
ICO kite aritht, to walk holding a mother's 
hand. Chhnha wo htfe aruhiy to walk 
dragging a lame leg. Fioie wo — , to tow 
a boat. JH wo — , to draw a breath. 
Yumi wo — , to draw a bow. Tedz wo — , 
to draw a picture. Jin wo — , to remove 
a camp. A/ise wo — , to retire from a 
shop, (for the day.) Ban wo — , to leave 
off a watch. Ami wo — , to drag a net. 
Koi/e wo — , to utter a long sound. Ato 
wo — , to hold on, or prolong the doing 
of anything. Sakadzki wo — , to prolong 
a drink of wine. Ito wo — , to pull a 
string, or lay a rope. Kaze wo — , to 
catch a cold. Kiu-Hn wo — , to cut one's 
wages. Nedan wo — , to cheapen the 
price. Ji wo — , to look for a word. Uta 
wo — , to (^uote poetry. Tatoye wo — , to 
cite an illustration. ICwashi wo — , to pass 
round a dessert. Ro wo — , to spread wax. 
Mi wo — , to retire. KoJcoro wo — , tc 
draw out one's opinion, to try, tempt. 
Ita wo — , to saw boards. Vaz tco — , to 

grind a mill. Kushi wo — , to make a 
comb, (by sawing.) Samisen wo — , to 
play the guitar. Koto wo — , to play a 
harp. To no uchi nanaisz kite mitsz noko- 
ruy subtract seven from ten and three re- 

HiKi-AGE,-nA,-^a, t + ry;^, §| Jl, tr. 
To draw up, to go up in price, to be pro- 
moted. Soha dai-hm hihi-agetay the mar- 
ket price has gone up considerably. 

HiKi-Ai,-ai^,-a^/a, t^r7, §| >&•, t.v. 
To pull in opposite directions, or against 
each other; to be profitable, to consult to- 
gether. Te wo hikicdte aruku^ to walk 
hand in hand. Jliki-au mono, a profitable 
article of sale. Hild-awanu, unprofitable 
article or business. 

HiKl-AI, b^Tt, §1 '^j w. A summons 
to appear before a magistrate to certify 
to some fact; implicated or involved 
along with others ; a mercantile arrange- 
ment. — wo huy to receive a summons, or 
to be implicated with others. 

HlKl-AKE,-7*W,-^(7, h^T'Jr/V', g| H^, tx. 
To draw or pull open. Shoji wo — , to 
draw open a screen. 

HlKl-AKE, \L^7^,^ ^M)^' ^^y break, 
Syn. Yo-AKE. 

HiKi-AMf, h + r ^ , §1 S!J, w. A seine. 

HlKl-ATE, b^Tr, 51 #? ^- Security, 
pledge. — m szruy to give -security. lye 
wo — ni szniy to give a house as security. 
Syn. snicur. 

niKl-ATE,-n^,-fa, b^rr/i-, 51 1^7 ^•''• 
To place together, in order to compare, 
match, or value; to pit against. 

HiKi-AWASE,-?*w,-^a, b + r^'N'k/^, m^j 

t.v. To introduce, make acquainted, to 
to draw together To compare together, 
to collect. Kono h'to wo ano Kio ni — , 
to introduce this man to that one. In- 
giyo wo hihiawaslCie mo awanaiy having 
compared the seals together found they 
did not agree. Foroi no hiki-awasey 
the joints of armor where it is fastened 

HlKl-cHA, b^-f ^, 5^ ^, n. Powdered 

HlK[-CIIIOAYE -7-w,-^a, b :^ -f iJ'^fly 51 
^, t.v. To dislocate, to succeed one who 
h:is just left Ilone wo — , to dislocate a 
bone. Ilild'chigayete^htrUy to come in the 
place of one who has just retired. 

niKi-DAsni,-.s'^,-.s/<7c^ b*^';^, 51 ffi' 
t.r. To draw or pull out, to find a word 
in the dictionary, to quote, cite. 

HlKl-DASHl, \L^^'y, 51 Hi, w. A drawer. 

Digitized by 


HIK t 

■ niK h 


HlKI-DEMONO, h + r^/, §1 ffi ^j«- A 

HlKl-DO, t+K, 51 ^,w. A sliding door. 

HiKi-DZRi,-rw,-^a, t^^;^, §| %, ^-i^- 
To drag along the ground. 

ElKl-FUDA, h4r7^% §1 ^:L» w. A circu- 
lar, a handbill, notice. — too matcasz, to 
circulate a notice. — wo kubaru^ to dis- 
tribute a notice. 

HlKl-FUNE, h:^7^, 51 :fr? »*• ^ *o^- 
boat, a tug. 

HlKl-GANB, t*^^, §1 1^, ». The trig- 
ger of a gun. 

HlKl-HADA, h:*/N^, 51 M.> »• A leather 
sword case. 

HiKi-HADZSHi,-s2,-57A'^a, fcoll. Hippa- 
dzshu) t^r^^N^-?^, g| ^, ^.r. To pull out 
of its pbice, or from its fastenings, (as 
a door, or screen.) 

P<^y) 51 l&J^ i-^' To pull or strip off a 
covering, clothes, skin, &c. 

HlKl-HANA8Hl,.^$2,-s/^Ya, fcoll. Hippano- 
9hu) h ^r>^-^ ^ , 51 ]R> '•^' '^^ P"l^ apart, 
to separate by pulling, as two persons, a 
branch, &c. 

HiKi-HARi,-n*,-^a, f coll. Hipparu) t + 
^^^•i 51 51? ^- <^- To pull, to stretch, to 
make taught, make tense. 

HiKi-HASAMi,-?nw,-nc/«, (^coll. Hippasa- 
mi) t:^/\HfA, 51 ^j t, V. To take up 
with two sticks, to place between two 

HlKl-HATAKE,-rw,-<a, fcoll. Hippatake.) 
t^>N^>!r;U, 51 ^Ij, t V. To pull open, 
or apart, as the eye-lids, mouth, &c. 

HlKl-HATAKl,-A-w,-iYa, fcoll. Hippataki,) 
t^/\^^; 51 ji, t.v. To beat, (as in 
dusting a mat.) 

HlKl-l,-iri*,-f/a, h :^#;i^j^, t r. To lead, 
conduct, to bring. Gunzd ten hihite tehi no 
shiro wo semeruj to lead an army and at- 
tack an enemy's cattle. 

|lHlKli,-Kl,-SHl, t ^^ , ffi, Low, same as 

HiKi.iRE,-ra,-^«, \L^A\yiv, 51 /^, t.v. 
To pull in, to lead in ; seduce, entice, per- 
suade to enter. 

HlKl-lRO, \L^Av, 51 fe, w. Appearance 
of retreating, to look like giving way. 

HlKl-KABURl,-rM,-^to, Tcoll. BikkahuriJ 
t :^ ^ r;^, 51 S^j ^- ^- To draw over tlie 

HiKI-KADZKl,-Z:«,-iYa, (^coll. HikkadzkiJ 

t ^^y^; 51 S^? ' ^' To throw over the 

HiKi-KAYE,-rw,-^a, h^-h^f^, 5| ^, 
^ r. To exchange, to turn back, to repent. 

HlKl-KAYESHl,-6'2,-5/t7a, fcoll. nikkaye- 
shi.) \L^i3'^^,^\^j^^t.v. To draw or 
pull back, to turn over, to lead back, to 

HlKl-KAZB, yi^-h^, 51 >S> ^'- ^ cold. 
— wo sKta^ have caught a cold. 

HiKl-KOMI,-??ni,-wc/a, h=^3/%, 51 ^, 
/. V, To draw, or put into ; to persuade, 
induce, or entice to enter; to di-aw hi, 
contract, to embezzle. 

HlKI-KOMORl,-rw,-^^a, t^^a./i^, 51 IE? 
«. r. To be confined; shut up, imtoured. 

HlKl-KOSHi,-s2j-.9A7a, (^coll. Hikkosh J 
t :^ 3 ^, 51 jBj ^•^* To remove one's 
dwelling, to move from one house to an- 
other, change one's residence. 

HlKl-KOTO, t :^ 3 f , 51 :^, w. A quota- 
tion, citation. 

HlKl-KUDAKl,-iw,-lVa, h^r^^'^, 51 ^? 
i. V. To break, or grind to pieces. 

HiKi-KUMi,-mt(,-wcia, ^coll. Hlkkumu) 
t ^^A, 51 l&> *'^- Chisped together (as 

HlKl-KURABE,-r26,-<a, h * ^ ^ ^ /i^, 51 
j^, Lv. To compare. 

HlKl-MADO, t #3 K, $ ^, n. A sliding 
window in tlic roof. 

HlKl-MATOME,-?*M,-ia, b ^ -r ^ > /I', 51 
4^ , t V. To collect in a pile, to gather, to 

HlKI-MAWASHl,-S2j-5A7a, h^^^y^t, 5J 
^, Uv. To lead about, to pull around. 

HlKI-ME, h :^> , ^ @ , n. A kind of eon- 
juration. by mejuis of a bow and arrow, 
for tlie purpose of nullifying evil in- 

||HiKi-Mi,-rw,-^a, \L^X)\^, 51 ^, t. v. 
To try, prove, tempt. 

HlKl-MODOSHl,-sz,-sA'^Gr, h :^ ^ K ;^ , 51 
J^, t. r. To lead, draw, or pull back. 

HlKl-M0Gl,-<7?^-uZa, \L^ ^r, 51 ^, 
t V. To twist off, to wrench off. 

HlKl-MONO, yL^=t/, 51 ^> ^- Aitieles 
turned in a lathe. A dessert of fruit, or 

HlKl-MUKE,-?V(,-fa, ^^J>^^)1^^ 51 |pj» 
^. r. To pull in front of, pull opposite. 

HiKi-MUSHiRi,-n^,-<a, t^^s^/i-, 51 iS? 
^. 17. To pluck off, (as gi-ass, without eradi- 

HiKi-MUSZBi,-&i«,-nc?a, t+A;^/, 5j |*, 
t. f. To draw and tie in a knot. 

HlKI-MUSZBI, \L^i^^ k', w. A bow-knot. 

HlKl-NARASHl,~52,-s/t7((, h^^f^, 5? 

Digitized by 




niK h 

P,|, tA\ To twang, or plaj, (as a guitar). 
(51 ^)i To level, make even. 

HlKl-NOBASHl,-5Z,-5/i7a, h ^^ / ^^^ , 5| 

58, t,v. To pull and lengthen, to stretch. 
HlKl.NOBB,-rw,-^c/, h^^/^'/i', 51 ®, 

^.p. (Idem). 
HlKl-KOKB,-rw,-^a, t:^/>5r/^, 5[ Jg, 

/.p. To pull to one side, or out of the 

way, to pull out from amongst others, to 

HlKl-NOKORi, h ^ y^ 3 V , 51 g|, n. The 

balance of an account; the remainder after 

deducting a part. 

To pull up by the roots, to extract, erad- 
icate ; to pick out, select. 
HiKi-oi, b # i- b, 51 ^, n. A debt, loss, 

obligation, or liability incurred in trade. 

— ffa dekita, have incurred a debt. 
HlKl-0K0SHI,-5Z,-sA'^a, t*;^^^^, 5| 

jg, »>. To pull and make to stand up, 

to raise up, 
HlKI-OKOSHI,-SZ,-6f7i'^a, \L^-^v^j 51 

^[I, tv. To help down, to pull or drag 

down from a high place. 
HiKi-0T0SHi,-2.s,-5/i'^a, yL^^y 7>^y 5| 

-^, tv. To pull down, pull off, so as to 

fall. ^ f^j to subtract, (on the soro- 

HlKl-SABAKl,-7jw,-«Ya, fcoll. Jlmahah]) 

h^-^^<'^, 51 |5|), tv. To tear. 
HlKl-SAGE,-rw,-^a, fcoll. Ilissag^,) b^^^ 

y;^, 51 il? *^- To fall in price. 
HiKlSAKl,-/»;?^,-/^a, b ^-«f^, 51 Sj < V- To 

HlKl-SHlBARI,-r?/,-^^cr, fcoll. Hitchihari\) 

b^^x^^N'/^, 51 ^» To tie, bind, (as a 

HiKi-SRiBORi,-n/,-f^a, b^s^'f'/w, 51 ^^> 

^r. To draw (a bow). 
tHiKi-siiiRAi,-a?;,-a^^a, b ^ >^p 7 , ?'. r. 

To be long, protracted, delayed, lin- 
gering, slow. Zenhicai to mn/etemo tokahu 

hiki-sliiro, although I am convalescing it 

is very slow. Syu. hakadorantj. 
HlKl-SHlRlZOKl,-/.-|^,-/<a, b^i^y/^, 51 

3§, ui\ To retreat, retire, withdraw, 

HlKl-SHlwo, \L^yt^, 51 ?5fj«- "Kbb-tide. 
HiKi-soYE,-rw,-^a, b ^ v^;i^, 51 f^j ^- ^'^ 

To draw near, bring close, hold close 

HlKl-TAOSHT,-S2,-.«?/i7a, b ^ ^ 7 -?^ , 51 

^, /.r. To pull over, (anything stand- 
ing), pull down. 
HlKl-TATE,-y?/,~/a, b + ^fA, 51 Jfy 

tv. To pull up, to pull and make erect ; 

to favor, to promote. 
HiKi-TAWAME,-rw,-/a, b + ^7^/u, 51 

^, tv^ To pull and bend down (as the 

branch of a tree), 
HlKlTE, b=lrr, 51 ^? ^' -^ knob, a catch 

in a screen to pull it by. 
HiKi-TODOMBj-rifj-^a, b*f K;<;^, 51 

-§, ^.p. To pull and stop, to detain, to 

HiKi-TOME,-rw,-^a, b^^f>;i-, 5| @, 

tv. (Idem). 
HiKi-TORi,-rw,-</a, b#h;^, 51 ®> ^•<'- 

To take or bring away, to t ake back, to 

remove, to withdraw, to draw (as money 

from a bank). 

HlKI-T8ZDZKl,-iw,--2Yc7, b^*;';/ 51 ^» 

«.v. To continue a length of time, to suc- 
ceed in a long series. 

HiKi-TSZKE,-rw,-^a, b + ^^;^, 51 Mf 
tv. To draw close to, to have a fit, to 
be convulsed, to faint. 

HlKl-TSZKUR0X,-0,-6^^a, b*5'^P7, 51 
^, tv. To pull and adjust one's clothes, 
to mend. 

HiKi-TSZME,rM,-^a, b^^>?';V', 51 Ip? ^'^' 
To spread out, extend to its utmost, (as a 

HiKi-TSZRE,-rM,-/^a, b=|fi)^l^/^, 51 IS* 
t.v. To lead, to take along with, accom- 

lilKl'TSzm,-rUy-tta, b=lr ^/^, f^ ^, i.v. 
To be cramped, contracted, drawn to- 
gether, (as by cramp.) Takedo no ato ga 
hikitsztte oru, the cicatrice of the burn is 

HlKl-UKE,-ri^5-fa, \L^ ^ ^ j^^ 51 S> 
t. V. To engage, to undertake, to contract, 
to be responsible for, to take, receive. 
Mi no wiye ni — , to take upon one's self. 

HlKl-usz, b ^ ♦ ;^ , }fe ^, n. A mill stone. 

HiKi-WAKE,-ri^j-^a, b^rV^;^, 51 ^h 
t V. To pull apart, separate, (as two men 
lighting,) to part. 

HiKl-WARi,-rM,-^^a, b=lr7;^5 ^ flj, t\\ 
To saw in two. 

HlKl-WAia, b =^ 7 V , 1^ Mj «• ^ J^^ o^ 
coai'sely ground barley. 

HlKl-\VATASHl,-S2,-5/Wa, b=^7^;^, 51 
?)£> ^' ^'- To pass over, hand over, de- 
liver up. 

HiKl-YABURl,-rw,-^frt, b^-Y/;!-, 51 fiS? 
t r. To pull and teai*. 

Hi-k'yaku, b^r^^, us BSlj «• ^ P<^^" 

man, courier. 
tHl-K'YOKU, b^3^5 |i{5 ^, «. Secret 

art, or accompliphment. 

Digitized by 





Hi-k'y6, t^r^*, # ti> Craven-hearted, 

cowardly, weak-hearted, timid. — na 

yaUz day a cowardly fellow. 

Syn. OKBUiYO, koshinUke. 
HiKi-YOSE,-rw,-^a, t :^ 3 -t ;^, 5| ^, 

U V. To pull or lead near ; to draw near, 

HlKlYUBU, t#^;u, ^, same as Bikii. 

To lead, command, conduct. Gimzei wo 

— , to lead an army. 
HlKKA, }L-^ijy ^ |g, «. A pen-rest, pen- 


HiKKAGAMi, \L::^ijjrz,My n..The hol- 
low behind the knee. 

HlKKAKABI,-rw,-^to, (Biki-kakari,) b^ 
^ ^/S 51 #, *• V. To be caught, hook- 
ed, hitched or entangled in any thing. 

HlKKAKE,-7'2^,-to, (Bikikake,) h^TTt^^ 
^? §1 ^) <• <^- To hitch, hook, catch, or 
&sten on to any thing. 

HiKKAKAYE,-rw,-^a, (Bihulakaye,) t* 
iiij'^ti^^ 51 ^, ^. r. To. take, embrace, 
or carry in the arms. 

'B.VBL¥jL^k(m,-rUy'-taj( Bikikarage,) \l^)j 
"9 ¥f^y 1. 1\ same as Kwrage, 

SiiKKATSzGl,-gtt,-{ta, (Biki-katszffiJ t 5^ 
:^ ^^, 51 ^, ^. p. same as KaUzgi, 

HlKKr, t y 4r, ^ IB, w. A journal, note- 
book, a note, or memorandum. 

HlKKlYO, b)^^^^, ^ ^, ac?y. Inline, 
at last, the sum of it, the long and short 
of it, after all. Sei to jo to waJcete wa iye- 
doy hikkiyo kokoro no koto ja, although 
divided into what is called sei and jo, it is 
after all the mind only. Syn, suosen, 


HlKKo, b y ^ ^, ^ Ijf, «. Making a busi- 
ness of copying, or a living by \^Titing. 
Btkko-kaki\ a copyist. 

'SlKK0K\Sm-SZ,-8h'ta, b 5^ ^ ^t? ;^ , 5j H, 
/. r. To pull over, to pull down anything. 

HiK.KOMi,-mM,-W(ia, b^;'^^*, see Biki- 

^^^>^\ 51 >^» ^'- P- To draw back, to be 

.«unk in or hollowed, to be confined to the 

HiKKUKURi,-n^ ,-/:«, b^;'^^;u, 5| H, 

t. r. To bind, tie, to choke. 
HlKKURlKAYE,-?-W,-fa, b ^J'^ V ij^)^, ^ 

J©, t. V. To be upset, capsized, over 

lumexl, over-set ; to turn about. 
H]KKURlKAESHl,-5Z,-5AVa, \L':^^\)ij^ 

•^ ? IS 'f!l> ^> «^- To upset, capsize, overset, 

HiKO, b 3 , -g- ^, n. Great grandson. 
HiKOBAYE, b3xs>s, H, w. The sprouts 

which shoot up from the stump of a tree. 

HlKOBOSHI, baTKx', g ^, n. The name 
of a star worshiped on the 7th day of the 
7th mouth. 

HlKUI,-Kl,-SHl, b ^ /f , .^, or, \% a. Low, 
not high. Sei ga — , low in stature. A'o- 
ye ga — , the voice is low. Yaku ga — , 
low in office. Hikui yatna, a low hill. Bi- 
kui ki, a low tree. 

HlKUKU, or, HiKU, b^b<^, adv. idem. 
Bi ga — natta, the sun is low. B'to ni 

— deru^ to take a low place before others. 

— szrUy to make low. 
||HiKU5!EKi,-iw,-iYa, b^^>J^, I. r. To 

' jerk, twitch, or start, as in sleep. 
Syn. BiKUTszKU. 

HlKUSA, b^^^, i£, n. The lowness, short- 
ness, the height, as of stature. 

HlMA, b-^, 1^^, or, F4, n. An interval, or 
space between things. Spare or unoccu- 
pied time, leisure, time, opportunity. 
Breach of friendship, discord. — ga nai, 
have no time, no leisure. — ga kakaru, 
takes time. Bima kara kaze ga toszy the 
wind blows through the crack. Bima na 
ioki, a time of leisure. Binia na h'to, a 
man out of employment, or who has not 
much to do. ///wa no aki shidai yuki' 
mashyo, I will go as soon as I have time. 
Btma wo dasZj to dismiss, (as a servant.) 
Bima wo yam, (idem.) — wo negau, to 
ask for dismission, (from employment.) 

— wo morau, to get a dismission. — wo 
oshimuy to grudge the time. . — wo nu- 
Bztnu, to steal time. — wo ukago^ to 
watch for an opportunity. — ga iru, to 
require time. — wo isziyasz, to waste 
time. — no koma^ (time's horse,) the flight 
of time. 

Syn. szKi, ITOMA. 
HlMACHl, b-rf , H ^, n. The worship 

of tlie rising sun. 
Rmi.Y)0\\i-ru,-tta, b^ K;i-, |^ ^, i. t?. 

To be slow, tardy, dilatory, late, to deky. 

Miehi de Mmadotte osoku kita, by delaying 

on the way he was late in coming. 

Syn. TE3JA wo TORU, HiMA-IKtJ. 

HiMAGO, b-j v:^ -^ ^, n. Great-great- 
grand son. 

same as Bimadom. 
fHl-MAK, b^^, JJEJ^, n. Coi-pulent, 

fat. — na Kto. — sztiL 
HiMASHi, b^S^, ^ jg ^, n. 'Castor 

bean. — no ahura, Castor oil. 
HlMAWARI, b-r^sy, |flj ^, n. The 

HiMASm-Ni, b^^--, H ^,adv. Daily 

more and more, increasing day by day. — 

Digitized by 



HIM b 

niN t 

amhai ga yoht naruy he is getting better 

HlME, h >>« , ^, w. A princess. The 

daughter of the Shogun, of a Daimiyo^ or 

HlME,-?-i*,-^r/, k>>»;^, ^, M?. To hide, 

conceal, to keep private. Hirne-ohu^ to 

hide away. Syn. inszuu, kakusz. 
HlME-GlMl, b^ :¥ ^ , ^ g, w. A princess. 
HlME-HAJlMB, b^^'Ni^^, n. The first 

needle work of a new year. 
tHl-MKI, b> 'i , 1^ ^, (temmei niaradz.) 

lil-futed, untimely. — no shi wo nasz, 

to die an untimely death, 
HlME-MlYA,b>?' ^-v, ig §,«• Aprincess, 

only applied to the daughter of the Mikado. 
HlME^MOSZ, \L>t^^, ^ 0, adv. The 

whole day. Syn. snujirsz. 
HlME-NORI, \l/ y\), j^l^, n. A kind 

of starch. 
HiME-URl, b^ f;^, ^ )S^, n. A kind of 

HiME-YURl, b>?' ^ V , ig "S 'S'j ^' ^ ^^ 

of lily. The lilium callosum. 
Hl-MITSZ, b ^ 5^, ?ij5 2^, w. A secret, mys- 
tery. — wo illy to tell a secret. — wo 

arawasz^ to reveal a secret. 
tHlM-MlN, b ^ i >', S J£» w. Poor people. 
HlMo, b^, il, n, A cord, braid, ribbon, 

— wo muszhu. — wo toku. 
Hl-MOCHI, b^-f, >^ ^, «. Not quickly 

consumed. Kono szm wa — ga f, this 
charcoal does not burn away rapidly. 

Hl-MODE, b^^r, |g, w. Daily visit- 
ing the temples for devotion. — wo szru. 
Syn. Nis?AN. 

HlMOJll,-KI, b^^M,a. Hungry, —ga 
aru, to be hungry. Syn. uidakui, "NVI- 


HlMOJlKU, b ^ ^ ^ ,adv. — 7iai\ Not hungry. 
HiMOJlsA, b^:^-^-, n. Ilungcr. 
HlMON, b^>, ^^, w. A secret sen- 
tence used by conjurers, an incantation. 

— wo tonayete ame wo furasem, to use in- 
cantations and bring rain. 

HiMONO, b^/, ^ ^, n. Dried fish. 
HlMONO, b^ /, ;f^ ^, ?i. Articles made 

of the Henoki, such as pill boxes, &c. 
HiMONOSHl, b^ys^, ;ft ^ 6S, n. The 

maker of the above articles. 
fHlMOROUl, b^P:¥, Bi, n. Flesh ofiered 

to idols. 
HlMOTO, b^f, >^%,». The place where 

a conflagration commences. 
flllMOTSZ, b^*;', it i[JSf, (katszge mono,) 

M. A reward, present. Syn. uObi. 

tHlM-PU, b^/, ^ ^, Rich and poor. 

Hl-MURO, b-^P, ^ ^, n. An ice house. 

HlN, b y, ^, (madzshii,) Poor, poverty. 
— jiuj a poor man. — ni semaru, to be 
straitened with poverty. Bin szreba don 
szru = " A poor man is despised of his 
neighbour ". 

HlN, b^, pp, (shina,) n. Kind, sort, 
quality. «/5-Am, superior quality. Ge-hin^ 
inferior quality. Hin no yoi KtOy a fine 
looking man. Syn. kuuai. 

HlXA,Or,HiNA b-h, HI, n. Small images 
made of clay, or toys, set out on the festi- 
val of the 3rd day of the 3rd month, 
called Hma no sekku, or, Rina no mcUszri. 
also a young bird. 

tHlNA, b-^, ^y (tTiakaJ n. The country,, 
rural, rustic. 

tHlNA-BITARU, b-M:'^;U, g|S, Rustic, 

clownish, awkward. Syn. inakamkki:, 


fHlNA-BlTO, b-^ k' f , 15 A> n. (inahamo- 

no) A coimtry-man, villager. 
tHlNADZRU, b-?-y;i-, m il, w. A young 

HlNA-GATA, y^^ffi^jti^J^yn. A minia- 

ture, plan, design, model. lye no — %co 

hiku, to draw a plan of a house. 
Hl-NAKA, b-^)!;, H f^y During the day, 

in day-light, day-time. Biru Mnakoj id. 

Syn. niur, hakuchiu. 
HlNAMI, b-?-^, B iH? Daily, every day, 

day after day, ordinarily. Hinamini hin 
jU riyo dztsz ri wo yete tszki ni ikurcL, if a 

person gains ten riyo a day, how much will 

he gain in a month ? Syn. nichi-nicui, 


HlNAN, b-^ y, p |g, n. Criticism, cen- 
sure, fault-finding. — szru, to criticise, 
censure. — wo iu. 

Hl-NASHI, b-h5^, H pf, n. Money bor- 
rowed to be repaid wiUi interest by daily 
instalments. — wo kanc. 

HlN'ATA, b-^^, B ivj^n. Sunshine, a s-un- 
ny place. — 7iiiru to dohi da, it is hurtful 
to be in the sun. Hinata-kusaiy stinking 
from exposure to the sun. 

HlNATABOKKO, b -h ^ *' ^ a, ^ ^g. 
Basking in the sun. — szrw, to bask iu 
the sun. 

HlXAYE -rw,-fa, b-^In;^, |^ |g, i.r. To 
be wilted, or flaccid by drying (as a fresh 
leaf). Syn. suixabiru. 

HlNAWA, b-^^^, >^ ft, «. A match, (for 
powder ) 

fHlN-CHl, b^4, ft Jfet w- A poor tem- 
ple, poor soil, barren country. 

Digitized by 


HIN h 

HIP t 


HlNE, t^, ^, (furu,) Old, not of last 
crop. Hhu-gome^ old rice. Tane ga hine 
de hayenu, the seed is old and will not 

BHiNE,-r^,-<a, t^;^, t.v. To be old, 
musty, or mildewed. 

HiNE-KURi,-rw,-^^a, b^^^', ^t?. To 
twist, or roll in the fingers, to turn, to 
screw. Ko-jo wo — , io use high-flown 

HlNE-KURI-MAWASll,-S2,-5Z^'^a, b ^ ^ V 
-^7 ^^^^, tv. To twirl in the fin- 
gers, to play with, or turn about in the 

HiNERi,-r?/ -^a, b^;^, J^, t. v. To 
twisty roll in the fingers, to screw, turn, 
to knead. Koyoriwo — . to twist paper. 
Nomi wo — , to roll a flea (in the fingers.) 
Mi wo — , to twist the body around. Hi- 
nm-te one who uaes difficult language. 
Syn. NEJiRu. 

HlNERl-BUMi, b^i;r^, i^ «^, n. A 
note fastened by being twisted or folded 
instead of being sealed. 

HiNiCHI, b^-f , ^ H, n. Day, same as 


tHi-NiKU, b^^, J^ ^,n. Skin and flesh. 
Hl-NIN, \L=Ly, 1^ A, (h'to ni aradz.) 

One so low as not to be regarded as a 

man. A beggar, a leather dresser. 

Syn. TETA. 
Hi-N'YAKU, b^^iJ^, t^H, Weak, feeble, 

not strong in body. Syn. jujaku. 
tHlN-KA, b^'*,^^, (madzshlhi ye) 

A poor family. 

HlN-Klu, b^4;^, fi SI, Poor to the 
last degree, miserably poor. — na mmo, 
— ni kurasz. — de Jcomaru. 

HiN-KU, b^>^, ;g ^, (madzshihi hiru- 
shimi.J Poor and distressed. 

fHlN-NlYO, b>'-3, g T$f, (mndzshiU 
onna») A poor woman. Cho-ja no man-do 
yori hinniyo no-itto, the one light (offered 
to the hami) of a poor woman is better 
than ten thousand offered by a rich man. 

Hl-NOBE, by-N', H 5g, w. Extension of 
time, postponement. — wo szru^ to extend 
the time, to postpone. — wo negauy to ask 
for an extension of time, 

Hi-NO-DE, b/r, H ffi, w. Sunrise. 

Hl-KO-lUI, \l;A\), B K,n. Sunset. 

Hi-NO-iN, b//f ^, i^ pp, n. A kind of 
conjuration, in which, by folding the 
fingers together in a certain way, and rc- 
j»eating incantations, fire is kindled; used 
by Yama-hishi. 

Hi-NO-Ki, b/+, ;[%, w. A kind of pine. 

The retinispora obtusa. 
Hl-NO-KO, b / 3, >^ 3^, n. Sparks. 
Hl-NO-KOROMO, b/ap^, ^ 5R, n. A 

crimson garment worn by a priest. 
Hl-NO-MARU, b/^T/i^, B %, n. The 

Japanese flag of a red ball on a white 

Hl-NO-MlYAGUBA, b / ^ -V/f , i|>KC#, 

n. A fire tower, or look-out. 
Hl-XO-MOTO, by^f, Q 7^, n. Japan, 

ifC %j A fire-place. — go yojih nasare, 

be careful of your fire-places. 
Hl-NO-MONO-DACHI, b / ^/^&, iK^^, 

n. Abstinence from all cooked food in 

performance of a vow. 
HlNOSHI, \L^y, ^ =f , w. A smoothing 

iron. — wo kakeru, to iron clothes. 
Hl-NO-TE, b^r, i^^, w. The flame of 

a conflagration. 
Hl-NO-TO, b / f , 7", n. One of the ten 

calender signs, used in designating years, 

months, days, hours, points of compass, 

Hl-.NO- YE, b/i, ^, n. One of the ten 

signs, see JItnoto. 
Hl-NO-zo, \l;^'^j ^, 71. The spleen. 
tHlN-SEN, \Ly^y, -^^^ (madzshihiy 

iyashii.) Poor and mean. 
Hl-OBA, b^^N-, ffi it #, «. Grand-fath- 

er's aunt. 
Hl-ODOSUI, b^K5/, ^^ 3K, w. Armor, 

the plates of which are bound together 

by red thread. 

Hl-OGI, b 77 ^, ;ft S» n.K fan made of 

HioGi, b77^, IJ^, w, ThelxiaChi- 

Hl-oi, b^J-^-J, H ^> w. A sun screen. 

Hl-OKORI, bi-3i;, EI g, n. A quotidi- 
an ague. 

HlPPAKU, \lJ;^^^, 3g, j|,,n. Destitution, 
want, scarcity. Am h'to wa hippaku 7io yosz 
dn, he appears to be very destitute. Kome 
ga — , the rice is out. Ito ga — ni natta, 
silk has become very scarce. Syn. sasiii- 


HiPi»ARl,-rw.-^^a, b^j'^^ivi-, See ITih'hm'i. 

HlPPASAMI,-?«W,-Wcfe, b t^^N^-l^-fe, g[ ^, 

ti\ The same as ITasami. 
HlPPATAKl,-te,-/^r/, h-y^s'^^^ §1 li, 

t,i\ The same as Jlataki. 
HiP-ro, b^^^N'7, ^ fi, w. The rules of 

penmanship, mode of writing, or forming 

characters. — ga yoi, — ga tcarui. 


. tHiP-rU; b7/, 25 ^, «• A low, vulgar 

Digitized by 



HIR h 

HIR h 

person, a person of low rank, or station. 
— 710 yu. brute courage. 

HiRA, b-?, ^, n. Flat, level, plain, com- 
mon, surface. Te no hw-a^ the palm of 
the hand. Jrira-samurai, common soldier, 
Katana no — , the flat of a sword. Jlira 
uchi ni szrUy to strike with the flat of the 
sword. San n<f hira, the third leaf of a 
book. Rira tchi nieUy the whole, univer- 
sal. Otnote no — , the front surface. Ura 
no — , the inside. 

HlRA, h 7 , w. A lacquered bowl with a 

HlRA-BARl, b f ^^" V , ^ if, w. A lancet. 

HlRA-BlTO, by t' f , ^ A) (^^ ^m.J n. 
A common person. Syn, tadabito. 

HiRA-CHi, b 7 f , ^ Jfe, (heichi.) w. Lev- 
el ground. 

HlRADA, \Lf^', If, w. A flat-boat 

HiRA-HlRA-TO, bfbff, >r ir? ^^^'^ 
With a fluttering, wavmg, or undulating 
motion. Cho ga — to toStiy the butterfly 
flies with a fluttering motion. 

HlRA-GAMA, b-? T&V, ^^,n. A kind of 
flat pot for cooking. 

HlRAGI, b •? ^, ;f^, n. A kind of evergreen 
tree with thorny leaves. The Olea aqui- 
' folium. 

HiRA-KANA, bv75;-^, ^iS^, n. The 
Japanese grass characters. 

lIinkKE,-ru,-ta, M^^/u, ^, i. V. To 
open, unfold, to be civilized. Ameiszchi 
hirakete kara^ from the beginning of crea- 
tion. Hana ga — , the flower opens. Toku 
hiraketa ku7ii da, a highly civilized coun- 

B.lB,AKl,-J:u-da. bf ^, ^, ^ r. or /. v. 
To open, to unclose, unseal, uncover, un- 
fold, spread out, to begin, to lay out, to 
explain, to reveal, to clear from obf^truc- 
tion. To, hon, me, te^ftohoro, tegaminado 
wo — , to open a door, book, the eye, 
hand, bosom, or a letter. Michi ico — , to 
open a roiul. Mise wo — , to open a shop ; 
to set up shop. Hata ico — , to cle^r land, 
hiy out new fields. Do-ri ico — , to explain 
the reason. Tera wo — , to leave the 
charge of a temple, ^ehi wo — , to dismiss 
a meeting. Fwiega iwa wo hiraite hmhiru^ 
the ship gives the roek a \Ande berth. Ha- 
na ga hiraita^ thii flower has opened. 
Syn. AKKRi . 

HlRAKI, \Ly^,n, The openiufr, beginning, 
blooming. A door. Misc-birahi ico szru^ to 
open a new store. HiraJci wo akete mtgo, 
open the door and look. Ifiraki wo noru, 
to sail close to the wind. Jlamf no — ga 
hizyaly the flowers bloom early. 

HlBAKI-DO, b-?*K, ^ ^, w- A door 
which turns on hinges. 

HlBAME, b-?^ , Jfc @ ,%, ». The sole fish. 

HiRAME,-rw,-^a, b:?;<;u, B, t. v. To 
flatten. MocJiiwo — . 

HlRAMEKASHl,-5%;-sA'to, b •? >>« 7^ ^ , P^ > 
t. P. To wave, brandish, floorisli, flash, 
glisten. Katana wo — , to brandish a 
sword. Sata wo — , to wave a flag. 

HlRAMEKl,-i?*,-/^a, b*?^ ^, P5, t. r. To 
wave, undulate, to flash, glisten, glitter. 
Hata ga — , the flag waves. Inadzma ga 
— , the lightning flashes. 

HlRAMl, b-?^, n. Flat in shape, flattish. 
— u>o UzkerUy to flatten. 

HlRAMI,-7/^«,-7^da, b5>, t. r. To be 
flat (in shape.) Pan ga hiranda, the bread 
is flat. 

HiRA-Nl, b-?^,^, air. Earnestly, im- 
portunately, urgently, prcssingly. — nego^ 
to earnestly implore. — /t«s, to bow hum- 
bly. — tanomUf to ask urgently. 


HlRA-OSHl-Nl, b-^^J-J^^j^p^, adv. Vio- 
lently, forcibly. Syn. mcri-ni, suite. 

HlRABl-KURURl-TO, b-? V ^/l-V f , j| H, 
adt\ Turning, or brandishing ; a flashing, 
glittering appearance. Katana wo — ma- 
washHe teki ni hakatta, brandishing his 
sword rapidly he fell upon the enemy. 

HlRARI-TO, b7 V f , P^, adv. In a quick, 
nimble manner, like the flutter or turn 
of a leaf, like a flash. — mi wo kawashi, 
quickly to turn the body ; nimbly to dodge. 
Uma yori — (oht'-oriru, to jump nimbly 
from off* a horse. 

HlRATAGUMO, b7^^^, H fj|, n. A 
kind of spider. 

HlRATTAI -KI,-SHI, b 7 5^ ^ 'f , B, 0- 
Flat. — ishi^ a flat stone. 

HlRATTAKU, or HlRATTO, b^ 5^^ ^, B> 
adv. idem. — szrUj to flatten. — »wrw, 
to become flat. 

HlRATTASA, b•7V'^^^, w. Flatness. 

HiRAUCHl-NO-HlMO, b^^^/b^, ^JT 
IS, n. Fhit-braid. 

HliiA-YA, b-^-V", ^ Mj w. A one storied 
house, a low or flat house. 

Hire, bi/, ^ My ^- The fins of a fish. 

HlRE-FUSHI,-S%,-5A'^a, bix7;^, ^ iJ^9 
iv. To bow low with the face to the earth. 
Gozm ni hire-fusKte aisatsz szni, bowing 
down low before the piince to salute him. 


fHl-REI, bt//f , 1^ j8, Impolite, ill-raan- 
nerd, mule, contrary to etiquette. 


Digitized by 


HIR t 

HIR h 


■j-Hl-BETSZ, ti>^, J^ ^, Mean, base, 
vulgar, low. Iliretszna k'to, alow-minded 
person. Syn. it as hii. 
tHl-Bl, t V , If g, (Don de nai.) Un- 

HlRl-HlRI, h V t V J ^do. With a smarting 
• or burning pain. — itamuy to smart, burn. 

fHl-RlKI, t y :^, ^ :^, (chiiara nashi.J 
Weak, feeble, without 8ti*ength. 

HiBi-TSZKi,-/i:«,-tYa, tV i^^> ^. <?• To 
smart, to bum. 

HlRlODZ, t V 3 t»r y, n. A kind of foo d. 

HlRO, hT», ^, n. A fathom, of about 5 
feet English, the distance between the 
hands when the arms are out-stretched. 
M^to kiro ya-hihi, one length and a half of 
the out-stretched arms. Umi no fvJcoBa wa 
iku hiro tatszy how many fathoms deep is 
the sea? NanaMrOy 7 fathoms=^35 feet. 

HlRO, bP^, ^ Rj w. Introduction, 
ushering, publishing. — wo szru, to ush- 
er, introduce, to tell, to publish, make 
known, to herald, proclaim, make public, 
to report to a superior. Yome-iri no — 
WO szrUf to conduct a bride around and in- 
troduce her to the neighbours. On tszide 
no mgiri yoroshiku go hiro negai age soro, 
when you have a convenient time please 
make it known to your superior. 

fHl-BO, \L^^j ^ ^> ^'•«*- I'aint, or ex- 
hausted by sickness. 

HlRO, hpy, To pick up, see Hiroi. 

HlRO-BA, \lv^^', jBE Jft> w. a wide, spa- 
cious place. 

HlRO-BlRO-TO, tPt'P)., !§ H, a<^i'- 
Wide, spacious, large, roomy. — slita 
hara^ a wide plain. 

HlRO-BUTA, tpr^, H ^, w. A large 
tray, or waiter. 

HlROaARI,-?-?^,-^^a, bPT^'/i', g|, i.v. To 
spread, extend over; enlarged, propagated, 
published, diffused, H^yoban ga — , the 
report spreads. 

HiR03E,-rz/,-^a, tpy/i-, ^, tu To 
open out, extend, widen, unfold. 

tHlR0l,-d,-5^a, bP7,^^, i.v. To 
walk. Syn. AttUKtJ. 

HlROl,-KI,-SHl, h P >{ , J^, ^. AVide, 
broad, spacious, roomy, extensive. — iye, 
a spacious bouse. — kokoro^ magnanimous 

HlROl,-o,-o^a, bP7, J^, i.v. To pick 
up. Toriga ye wo hiro, the bird picks 
up its food. Hiroi-mono wo sKta, to pick 
up somethiug which has been dropped. 

HiROi-ATSZMB,-rtz,-^a, t'p tr ./y^ ;^, 
^ ^, t.v. To pick up and put together, 
to gather into a pile. 


HiROKU, or fllR5, tP^, Jjl, <wfo, See 
Hiroi. — wrtt, to widen, to make spacious. 

HiRO-MA, bP-^, H ^j w. A large room 
in a prince's house, a parlour. 

HiROMARi,-rw,-^^a, b p -^ ;^, ?A, ««'. 
Spread abroad, made known widely, pub- 
lished, advertised. Naga — , his name is 
spread abroad. 

HiROME,-rw,-fa, bP>?*;^, 5i> ^- ^- To 
spread abroad, publish, make known, pro- 
mulgate, to advertise. Jf^yoban wo — , 
to spread a report. 

HiROME, bPP*, 5i> ^' Introduction, 
publishing, promulgation, advertisement. 
Yome no — wo szruy to lead a bride around 
and introduce her to the neighbours. Na- 
Inrome, a publishing, or advertisement of 
one^s name, (when changed). 

HlROMl, b P ^ , ». A large, spacious place. 

HiRO-NlWA, bPi'N, Jjj J5i, w. A spa- 
cious yard. 

HlRO-YB?J, bPi>, j^ tji, n. A wide 

HlRU, b/i', II, n. Garlic. Syn. m.v-Mku. 

HiRU, b;i^, See ITi. 

HlRU, b/i', 45, n. A leech, blood-sucker. 

HlRU, b/i^, ]J, n. Noon, day-time. Yorn 
hirtt, day and night. JTiru no nanatsz. 4 
o'clock in the day. JTiru-ne, sleeping in 
the day time Uiru-gohan, dinner. liiru- 
meshi^ (idem). 

HiRU, bb/^, ^ 1^, n- The moth of a 

HlRU-DOKl, b ;i- K ^, jE ^, n. 12 
o" clock M. 

HlRU-GAO, b?i-7!?'4?,^^>^, w The Ipo- 
mcea filicaulis. 

HlRU-GAYE,-rM,-^a, b/l'/^'^N/l^, ^, t.r. 
To turn over and over, as a leaf ur flag 
blown by the wind; to wave, to turn, 
change about. JIata ga — . Mikata ga 
hiriigayette tekl ni natioy the friend ha.s 
turned to be an enemy. Aku nin hiritgay 
eite zen-nintonatta^ the bad man has turn- 
ed to be good. Syn. iiikcri-xaykuu, 


HlRU-GAYESHI,-5Z,-5/A7a, b/^;^'^^, ^, 
t.v. To turn over, change-round, shift about. 
Yahsolca wo — , to break a promise. 

fHlRUI, b/U'i , itM^ Anything to com- 
pare with. — nashi, incomparable. 

HlRUM.\Kl, b;i^-^^, 45 ^» «• The iron 
rings around the end of a spear. 

HlRU-MA, b/i'-r, j^ ^, M. The middle of 
the day, noon. 

HlRU-MA YK, b;^^^, ^ fljf, ?'. Fore- 

Digitized by 



HIS h 

HIS h 

HiBUMESHi, \Lj\^;^'y, ^ IS, n. Noon- 
meal, dinner. 

HiRUMi,,-7nw.-nc?a, t/i'A, t.t?. To draw 
back in fear, to flinch, to be disheartened, 
lose courage. Mikata no taigun wo mite 
teki wa szkoshiku hirumitari^ the enemy 
seeing our large army began to lose cour- 
age. Syn. cuiJiMu, ijikeru. 

HlRUNE, t;!'^, ^ ^, n. Sleeping in the 
day time. 

HlRU-SZGl, tfVT^ ^, H iS, n. Afternoon. 

HlSA-BlsA, h-»M:'-»f, ^ %, adv. A long 
time — o 7ne ni kakarimasm, have not 
seen you for a long time. 

HlSAGE, t-^^y, Ji ^^ n. A kind of ket- 
tle for holding sake. S}ti. chOshi. 

HiSAGi,-f7z/,-ida, t^^/, 8R, or Jg, ^.r. 
To hawk goods ; to sell in the streets ; to 

HlSAGO, t^^3', ^, n. A calabash, gourd. 
Syn. iiVOtan. 

HlSA-KATA, t-*^)b ^, ^ S) A word with- 
out meaning (called inahirakotoha^) used 
only in poetry in connection with heaven- 
ly objects, as. — no sora ; — no hi] — no 
tszki; — no ame ; — no hikari. 

HlSAO, h^^^, JgJ^y;, w. A ramrod. 

HlSASHIl,-Kl, \L^'yAj >N' ^' ^ 
long time, ancient. Hisashii-yamai, an 
old complaint. Hisashii-hanashi, an an- 
cient story. Hlsashii ato, a long time ago. 

HlSASHl, \L^'y ^^ 71. A penthouse, or 
small roof projecting over a door or 

HiSASHi-BURl, t^f2^/i;, % ^, Long 
time since, a long time has elapsed since. 
— de aimasKta^ it is a long time since I 
met him. 

HiSASHiKu, or HisASHU, \L^y^, %, 
adv. A long time, anciently. — o me ni 
kakaritnasenj have not seen you for a long 

HlSASHlSA, h^^^/^^, n. The length of time 

tHl-SATSZ, h-V'^', P:fi, n. A letter by 

tHl-SEKl, \L^L^, f^:^,n. Ar^^emc. 

tHl-SEN, h-fe^-, 4*- M? (iyashii.) Low, 
mean, vulgar. Ilisenna hto. 

Hl-SHl.-.s7j'?i,-5A7f/, \L7>tV ^, ^r. To 
Keep secret, to conceal. Syn. Kaklsz, 

HlSHl, h2^, ^, u. A kind of water plant, 
water caltrops. The Trapa incisa. 

HlSHl, hx", n. Diamond-shaped. 

tHi-SHi,-.92/w,-67i'^a, h;^;^, J:t, (Jcura- 
heru.) To compare. 

Hlsili-BlSHl-TO, \L'y\:'yy, adv. Severely, 

harshly, violently. — shiharuy to tie tight- 
ly. — wtes, to beat severely. — iu beki 
koto wo iu, to say what ought to be said 
in a harsh manner. 

HiSHiGE,-rw,-^a, b>^y;^, i.v. To be 
crushed, mashed, to be flattened. 

HlSHlGE-BANA, t^^^^^-^, llfl J^, W. A, 
flat nose ; or a nose broken and flattened 
by disease. 

HiSHiGi,-^w,-»cZa, t y /, 4^, t'V. To 
crush, mash, to flatten; break into pieces, 
to bruise. Take wo — . Te wo — . Ikioi wo 
— . Syn. TszBUSz. 

HlSHlGO, b^^^', Ijl, n A kind of fish. 

HlSHIKUl, hS^^ t, ^j n. A swan. 

HiSHiMEKi,-Z:w,-2Ya, h>^;< ^, ^, »>. To 
make a noise, clamor, tumult, or uproar. 
Syn. 8AWAGI-TAT8Z, sodO szeu. 

HlSHl-TO, h5^f, ^ 3^, adv. Firmly, 
strictly, severely, earnestly. — kokoro ni 
kakeru to fix in the mind. — tanomu, ear- 
nestly to ask. (2.) The sound of slamming, 
or dashing. Fuazma, to nado wo - — «a«2, 
to shut the screen, or door with a slam. 

HlSHl wo, t>^^, ^, ». A kind of food 
made of pickled minced meat. Ume bi- 
skiwo, plum-jelly. 

Hl-SHlwo, \L-yt^, ^?^5 w. The ebb-tide. 

tHi-SHO, tJ^s, f^ ^, w. Books on secret 

tHl-SHO, t>^^^, f^ %, (kanashimi 
itamu.) Sad and afflictive. 

tHlSHU, hi^^, t "S"j (himo gatwia.) n. 
A dirk. 

HlSO-HlSO, t y h V, ^' ^% ^dv. Secretly, 
privately, softly, stealthily. — mofio wo 
tUj to speak secretly. ^Syn. naisbo, kos- 


Hisoka-NA, by*-^, S^, a. Secret, pri- 
vate, hidden. — tokorOy a secret place. 

HlSOKA-Nl, yL^Z-hz^y ?i, adC' Secretly, 
privately, softly, stealthily. — mono wo iu, 
to speak privately. 

HlS0ME,-rw,-fa, ty>?';i', f^, ^ r. To 
hide, conceal. ^, To wrinkle, contract, 
pucker up. Koye wo — , to speak in a low 
voice, to whisper. Mi wo — , to hide one's 
self. Mayu wo — , to wrinkle or contract 
the brow, (as in pain, anger,) to frown. 
Kuchi wo — , to pucker the mouth. 

HiS0MEKl,-i:zi,-i7a, tVp'^, t.v. To tell 
secretly, to whisper. Uicasa wo — . to tell 
secretly a report. Syn. sasayaku. 

HlS0Ml,-m?i,-?uZa, bV-«^, }^, i.v. To 
hide, conceal, lie hid, lurk,^, To contract, 
wrinkle, to fall in, (as the mouth of an old 
person.) Hihari wa hisa no naka ni hi- 

Digitized by 


HIT h 

HIT k 


sonde t'ru, the lark hides in the grass. Sa- 
kana ga iwa no aida ni — , the fish hides 
among the rocks. Syn. kakdrukd, shi- 


HlSosBKi, bH?- ♦ -fe :^, Jit H :5, w. Arsenie. 

HissAGE,— n^,-^a, tv'Hfy/i-, ^\ J|, <.«?. 
To carry anything hanging from the hand. 

HlSSABAKI,-^t«,-i^a, tp'-^f^^i'^, See Hi- 

tHlsSEKl, k y -t :^, ^ ftj:, n. A writing, 
manuficript, record. 

HlSSHI, t !/5^, >iS S, (kanaradz shisz,) 
Must certainly die. — ni natte iatakau^ 
to fight with desperation. Ima wa — to 
iokoro wo sadame, made up his mind that 
now he must die. 

H18SOKU, b^ y^, 3g ^£, To be reduced 
in circumstances, diminished or impov- 

HlSSORI-TO, b 5^ y n , ^ ^, adv. Quiet, 
still, silent. — sh'te iru, to be still. — 
sh*ta tokoroy a still, quiet place. 

HlfiSO-TO, b v' y f , Same as Rmort to. 

tfilSZI, b;^ >f ^ fji, w. A king.fisher. 
Sy n , Ka WA8EMI. 

HiszRU, \L^,u, Jt, See jHi-^hi. 

HlTA, b^, 51 ^^, n. A thing for scaring 
birds from a rice field. Syn. narlko. 

HlTA-HlTA, b^b>5r, adv. The sound of 
water splashing. Midzga — tofuna-hata 
ni tttsz, the water splashes against the sides 
of the boat. — to iichi-noru, to ride 
splashing through the water. 

HiTAl, b ^ /f , ^, n. The forehead. — 
no sfnwa, the wrinkles in the forehead. — 
no ao'izji, the blue veins in the forehead. 

HlTAKl, b^+, i^ j^, n. A fireman, 

HiTAKi, b^^ ,tl, n. A kind of bird. 

HlTAMONO, \L^^;,adv. Bent on, earnest- 
Jy, intently, importunately, constantly. 

tHl-TAN, b^ >', f{^ ^, (kanashimi nage- 
hi.) To mourn, weep, lament. — no na- 
mida ni kureru. blinded by tears of sorrow. 

HiTA8Hi,-s2;,-s/t'^a, b^;^, :g, /. r. To 
soak, steep, moisten, macerate. Midz ni 
— , to steep in water. Svn. TszKERt. 

HiTASZRANI, b^;^7-, t^ ^, adv. Ear- 
nestly, wholly taken up with, vehemently, 
importunately. — tanomu, to ask impor- 
tunately. Gaku mon too — szsznieru. to 
earnestly urge another to learn. — ikm 
tco kuwageruj to earnestly caution. Syn. 


HlTATARE, b ^ ^ u-, It S, M. A kind of 
robe worn by nobles. 

HiTA-TO, b^ ^, S> «^«^- Closely, tightly, 
the sound made by striking a thing against 
another. — ttzku, to put close against, to 
stick tightly. — naraheie oku, to arrange 
closely together. 
H'to, b ^ , A> «• A man, a person (male, 
or female.) people, mankind, others. — 
to naruy to become a man, to be full grown. 
— wo Kto ni omowadz^ to despise others, 
caring not for men. — ni kakaru, to be 
dependent on others. — jii szgirUj to ex- 
cel others. 
H'to, k y , — , One; same as IPtotaz. (used 
only in compound words.) as, HHo4ahiy 
once, one time. HHo-toshiy a year. HHo- 
tsiki, a month. HHo-toki, an hour. B'to- 
hiy one day. H'to-yo^ a night. H'to ma- 
ican\ one revolution, one week, (only in 
taking medicine). 
H'to-AI, bl-rb, A ^, n. Popular, 
friendly. — 710 yoi Kto^ a person friendly, 
H'to-baxare, b}.>>i-M/, Am,«. Apart 
from men, separate from the society of 
H'TO-BARAl, b ). ^N--? b, A %, n. Clearing 
the room or place of people. — de mitsz- 
dan szniy to clear the room and talk in 
H'TO-BASHIBA, b^^>'^^f , A tt? »• Ju- 
rying a man alive, on laying the founda- 
tion of a castle, (an ancient custom). — 
wo ireru, 
H'TO-BITO, b ft' ^ , (plural.) Men. people. 
H'TO-DAKARl, b f >^'7tf V , A ^, w. A 
crowd, of people. — sznty to crowd to- 
H'to-dama, b f^^, A.^T ri. A phos- 
phorescent ball which flies from one place 
to another, supposed to be the spirit of a 
dead person. 
H'tO-GARA, \L\ify,J^^, (jim-pin,) n. 
Kind, or quality of man. — 710 yoi Kto^ 
a fine man, (in personal appearance). — 
no wand Kto. a vulgar looking fellow. 
H'to-gata, y^Mf^, K^, n, A statue, 

or image of a man. 
H'XOGOMI, k > 3- ^ , 71. A crowd. 
H'TO-GOROSHl, kf^-p^^, A icj^»- Man- 

slaughter, murder. 
H'TO-GOTO, k f ^-f , A W, w. Talking 
about othei-s. — wo iu na, don*t talk about 
H'to-goto-ni, k^3'^, ^ A, Every 

body, each person. 
H'TO-JiCHi, k f -Jf , A j^, w. A hostage. 
— wo torn, take a hostage. — tvo f/aru, 
to mve a hostagre. 

Digitized by 



HIT t 

HIT h 

H'TO-JINI, t f i?::^, A ?Ei «• ^ person 
dead, somebody killed. — ga atta, there 
was a person killed. — wa jiakatta^ there 
was nobody killed. 

H'to-KADZ, h f *^, A #, »*• The num- 
ber of persons, the population. 
Syn. NiN-Dzu. 

H'to-KIWA, tf :^^\, — ^, adv. Espe- 
cially, particularly, preeminently. 

H'to-MADZ, th-^y,— ^, adv. In the 
first place. 

H'tO-MANE, h > -r^, A ]ft IEIj «• Mim- 
icking, or imitating others. — wo «5rw, 
to mimick, or imitate others. 

H'to-ME, t f ^ , a @ , The eyes of others, 
the public, the world. — too hahakaru^ to 
fear, or shun the notice of others. — wo 
kajiru, to be bashftil, or ashamed before 
others. — ni haharu^ to expose to the 

H'tomi, h f ^ , ^ -^j w. The pupil of the 

H'TO-Ml-GOKU, \L}'l^^'^j A # tt> 
n. Human sacrifices offered to the Kami. 

H'tOMOJI, b f ^i?, ^, w. An onion. 
Syn. NEGi. 

H'tomuki-NI, b ^ -«* *r., — IpJ, adv. With 
the whole heart strength or care ; eai*- 
nestly, attentively ; with one turn. -— mo- 
no tco 8zni, to do any thing with the whole 
heart. HHomuki na Kto, one who engages 
earnestly in any thing. 

H'to-NaMI, b >-?-$, A ^j Li^e men 
generally, like other people, or the com- 
mon run of mankind. — ni haori wo JUrtty 
to wear the coat as people generally do. 
— na h'to, a person not different from 

H'torashii,-ri, b)"?>^/t, o- Looking, 
or acting like a man, or human being. 

K'TORASHIKU, b f f >^^, w. idem. 

H'tori, b ^ V , — a? One person, alone, 
single. Nin-soku wa Ji'tori yonde hoi, call a 
coolie. IT'tori de ynht^ to go alone, or by 
one's self. JTtori'mitszko, an only son. 
IP tori-mono J a single person, without rel- 
n lives, or a person who lives alone. 
irtorim wo szniy to sleep alone. 

H'toridachi, bf V^f, % jLj ^' In- 
dependent, free of olhei-s, standing alone, 
(as a child learning to walk.) — m hmi 
a country independent of any other. 
Syn. DoKU-iau. 

H'tori-dzmi, b h i;^ ^ , 58 ^, w. Living 

H'tori-go, \l\\)^,^ ^, n. An only 

H'tori-GOTO, b f V ^'f , $B ^, n. Talk- 
ing to one's self. — wo iuj to talk to one's 

H'tORI-MI, b f y ^ , 5S JI', (doku shin.) 
Alone, solitary, single, without kindred. 

Hl-TORl-MUSHI, b )• V -^ 5/, 9<,M Aj 
Insects whicli in summer fly into a light, 
and sometimes extinguish it. 

H'to-sashi-yubi, \LY-^y^h% f^ ^, n. 
The index-finger. 

H't0SH11,-ki, b > 5^^ , ^, d. Same, equal, 
Uke, same time, together. — kohoro, like 
minded. Syn. dOzbn, omaji. 

H'toSHIKU, \Ll-y^,^, adv. idem. ff(h 
runo yono yume ni — , like the dream of 
a spring night. Syn. qotoku. 

H'TO-SHlKlRl, b ^ x'* V , — ^, One sharp 
or violent effort, one paroxysm. — wa 
ayatikatta^ at one awful moment he was 
in great danger. Ame ga — futte harmty 
it rained violently for a while and then 
cleared off. 

H'TOSHINAMI-NI, )!> t^-^^ :=^, ^^, odv. 
In the same manner, like. Syn. DdYO-xr. 

H'TOSHIWO, bfS^t^,— *A> a<^- Still 
more. — yaroshii, better still. 
Syn. NAO. 

H'to-SZJI-NI, b f ;^ ^'^, — ^, adv. Di- 
rectly, exclusively. 

H'to-TO-NARI, b l- f -^ V , ® a, »• Char- 
acter, disposition, nature. Sono — jihi 
fitkaM, he was a man of an exceeding 
kind disposition. 

H'totsz, b f V', — , (ichiy) a. One, same. 
— to sKte yoi koto mo nat^ there is nothing 
good, or, not a single good thing. 

H'toya, b f -v, i^ ^, n. a gaol, prison. 
Syn. rOya. 

H'toya, b f -V, A §15? ^' A human habi- 

H'toyb, b f ^, U, One thickness, single, 
not double. 

H'toye-ni, b>^:i5 fS, ado. Earnestly, 
wholly, entirely, only, to the exclusion of 
every thing else. — tanomu, to earnest- 
ly request. Syn. niTAszRA-Ni, nanibu.n. 

HlTOYOGlRl, bfs^y, — 85^, n. A 
kind of pipe, or flute, open at the top. 

HlTSZ, b :/, IS, n. A trunk, a chest for 

HlTSZ, b 9y ^, CfudeyJ n. A pencil, pen. 
Ippitsz, one pen. Ippitsz kei-jo itasJd soro, 
I respectfully write you these few lines, 
(in commencing a letter.) 

HlTSz-DAN, b^J^^^'j ^IJ^, Communica- 
ting by letter, or by writing. 

Digitized by 


HIU t 

niY h 


HlTSZGl, h 5^^, ^g, n. A coffin. EiUtgi- 
gnrumay a hearse. Syn. k'wan. 

HlTSZ-I, b5^>f, 3^ :S, n. Penmanship, 
mode of writing. 

HlTSZJl, h^J'i?, ^, n. A goat, one of the 
12 signs. — no ayumi^ (%•>) the leading 
of a criminal to punishm^t. — no kdta, 
the S.8.W. point of the compass. — no toki, 
2 o'clock P.M. (8 of Japanese.) JTiUzji- 
ioru, the s.w. 

HlTSZJl-BO, b ^r^, fgf, n. The rice that 
sprouts up after the firat crop is cut. 

Hitsz-j6, b^l'-v^, ij^ ^yfhmaradzsO' 
dcunaru.) Certain, sure, fixed, settled, de- 
cided, determined. Syn. tasii'kam, kit- 
to. ZEHI. 

Hl-TSZKB, h y ^, 9i^j^ -An incendia- 

fHlTSZ-METSZ, hy> ^, hj^ })i, (hanarads 
thinuru), (Bud). Must surely die. Sho-ja 
UUz-meUz, death is the doom of every 
living thing. 

HlTTACHl,-f52,-^^a, b^'^y, §1 JJC, i'V. 
Greatly improved in appearance. Mon wo 
nuUareha okini MUatte-iita, if the door is 
painted it will look much better. 

HiTTAKURi,-rtf,-^^a, bv'^^;^, i.v. To 

HiTTATE,-rw,-^a, b^^f;^, See /Kb". 

HlTTARl-TO, (coll. Fiaariio), b ^/^ V f , 
ad€. Closely, tightly. — Uzku, to stick 
tight. — yoTM, crowd close together* 

HlTTJEKl,-52rtt, b^'r*, E ili» . To 
match, to oppose as equal. Ware to HtUki 
stibthi mono ni aradz^ there is no one able 
to contend with me. 

HlTT8ZKAMAE,-r2^j-^a, b^^^i^-^^/^, 51 
#, Lv, To seize, lay hold of, catch hold 
of, to grasp. 

HlTT8ZKAMlj-m2*,-7lcia. b^itr^'-^*, (Id.) 

HiTSZ-zEN, b y -fe* ^'j ^ ^, (kanaradz 
fhikarujy adv. Must certainly be so, ne- 
cessarily so, by necessity. 

Hl-UCHI, \L^^, ^, n. A steel for strik- 
ing fire. 

Hl-UCHI-BUKUBO, b^f /^p, ^ g, ». 
A bag for holding the instruments for 
striking fire 

Hl-UCHI-GANA, b^f^-r, ff iKU, n, 
A steel for striking fire. 

Hi-ucm-isHi, b'^^/fs^, ^iK^, n. A 

Hi-ucHi-KADo, rif7^ijV ff iK i^ «. 

Hi-uwo, b^f, ^ ,«[, 71. Dried fish. 

HlWA, b7, g|, n. A kind of small bird. 
HlWADA, b^N^, it ^, w. The bark of 

the jfft tree used for roofing. Hiwadcu- 

huh\ a roof of the above bark, used only 

for ifiya and Mikado's palace. 
Hi-WARB,-?n*,-^a, bVi^/i^, ^ 5l> *•^• 

Dry and cracked. 
Hi-YA, b-v, i^ ^, n. A fire-arrow, a 

Hl-YA, t-v, >/|^ g, n. A place where 

the bodies of the dead are burned. 


HlYA, b-v, ?^, Cool, cold. Biya-mdz, 
cool water. Hiya-ase^ cold sweat- Hiya- 
meshty cold rice. hiya motte-oide, bring 
some cold water. — dc nomUj to drink 
anything cool. 

HiYAKASHi,-«5,-57i7a, b Y Tty ;^ , ?& i^I, 
/.t'. To cool, to divert, or amuse one's self 
by merely looking at and not buying, (as 
goods. Uri'tnorto %do hiyakashte arviuy to 
go about the shops looking at goods and 
not buying. Syn. bbi-k'yaku, szkeh- 

HlYAKK'WAN, b^ ^ ^ 7 :^, "g" 'g^, n. All 
the government officers of every rank. 

HlYAKOl,-Kl, b^3>f,^, a. Cool, cold. 
Midz ga — , the water is cold. 

HlYAKOKU, orHlYAKO, b^3^, ?ft^, adv. 
(Idem). — naru^ to become cool. — 
szruy to make cool. Syn. tszmitai. 

HlYAK'SHO, b^^J^-y^, "g^, «. A 
farmer, husbandman. 

HlYAKU, b-v^, "jS", A hundred, (in com- 
position frequently used as a plural prefix 
= the many). NiJiiyahuy two hundred. 
Sam-hiyahi^ three hundred. RoppiyakUy 
Six hundred. 

Hl-YAKU, b^^, 1S^%, n. Secret med- 

HlYAKU-GAI, tY^;5r/J, "jg"^, n. The 
bones of the body. 

HlYAKUJIKKO, b^^i^5^3^, •§• |C, 
n, The lagerstramiaindica. 

HlYAKU-HlBO, b-V^bP, "g" 5, «• The 

HiYAKU-MAN, h^f^-^yj "g If, One 

HlYAKU-ME, b-v^>?«, B" @> A hundred 
momme, or one picul, >» 133 lbs. avoir- 

HiYAKUSO-s5, b^^^^♦^^♦, "ff W ll> 
71, A kind of medicine made of a hundred 
difierent kind of plants dried and reduced 
to charcoal. 

HlYAKU-YAKU, b^^-V^jlJ m, W. All 
medicines. Sake wa — no choj wine is 
the best of all medicines. 

Digitized by 



HIY t 

HIY t 

HlYAKU-YE, b^^Z, "g" #, n. The 
crown of the head. Sjn. koten. 

HiYASHi,-5z,-sA7a, h-y-^, ?^, u v. To 
cool ^Va* ico midz de hiyMz^ to cool the 
forehead with water. HiyasKte okuy to 
put away to cool. Sjn. samasz. 

HlYAYAKA, b-V-VT!;, ?^, tf. Cool, — 
na midz, cool water. Syn. tszmetai. 

HlYE,-n*,-fa, h^;!^, ?^, f.r. To be cool, 
cold. Meshi ga hiyeta, the rice is cold. • 
AsM ga — , the feet are cool. 

HiYE-ATARi, b^r^V, 1% Kit, n. Sick 
from exposure to cold. 

HlYO, ^1^, ^, n. A letter to the Mikado. 
— wo agUrtu 

HlYO, ^1^, 1^, A leopard. 

HlYO, >s^, ;g, w. Hail. — ^ra/wrt/, it 

Hl-YO, b3^, H g, w. Day-labor, 
wages, hire. Kon-nichi — ni kite ohure, 
come and work for me to-day. — wo tarUy 
to work by the day. Syn. yatoi. 

H'Yo, ^^, ^y n. A straw bag. Ipptgo, 
one bag. Ni4Cyd, two bags. Samb'yo, 
three bags. ITtohiyo, one bag full, = 
about 2i bushels. 

H'y6-ban, t^^^^y, ^ ^, w. Repute, 
reputation, fame, report, rumor. — ga 
yoi, of good repute. — ga warui Kto, a 
man of bad reputation. — szruy to be 
publicly talked about, to be a matter of 
common talk. 

Hiyodobi, b3 KV, Jfl, n. The name of 
a bird. 

HiYOGE,-rw,-^a,^^y;i-, ^j] j||J,t.r. To 
sport, play frolic, jest. Siyogeia Kto, a 
witty person. Syn. tawamureru. 

H*Y6Gi,-«2rt^, b^tV^if, ^ 31, i, t?. To 
discuss, and deliberate on, to consult about. 
Syn. h'yo-j6, sOdan. 

H^YOGU, ^^/, f$ X> w. The mountings 
of a picture. 

H^y5gu, b^^;/, :^ ^, w. Weapons of 

H*YOGU-YA, ^1^/^, IS X fi, w- A pa- 
per-hanger. Syn. kiyOjiya. 

tH'YO-HAKU,-52rW, ^^^\^j g| jfi, U V. 

To wander about, to float about. 

Syn. RtJRO, tadayO. 
H*YOI-TO, \lsAV, adv. In a sudden 

manner, unexpectedly, accidentally. — 
sh*ta koto. 

Syn. futo, omowadz-m. 
H*YO-j6,-5zr?^, \L^^^^^y ^ ^, t. f. 

To diliberate and decide on. 
H*y6-j5-8ho, h^^'V'^^'ys, W ^ Bff, 

n. Supreme court house. 

H*y6-j6-8HU, b^^t'Y^S^^, ^ ^ ^, 
Members of the supreme court. 

Hl-YOKE, b3^, H 1^, w. An awning, 
( j^ 1^.) a vacant space about a house as 
protection against fire. 

H'YOKlN, •^t^Jjf^'j Facetious, merry. — 
na Kto. 

H'YOKKURl-TO, b3^^ V > , II ^, adc 
Sudden and unexpectedly. 

HlYOKO, b 3 3 Kj ^- -^ yo"°g ^>rd. 

HlYOKO-HIYOKO, b 3 3 b 3 a , (W/r. Hop- 
ping (as a frogj, leaping. — tohUj to hop 
and jump. 

HlYOKU-NO-TORI, b3^yH>,ifcX,ft, 
n. A fabulous bird, the male and female 
said to be joined together in one body. 

HlYOMEKI, ba^?' #, Jlj P^, n. The fonta- 
nel in a child's head. 

HlYON-NA, b 3 y-Yy (Sen-naru,) Strange, 
unusual, odd, wonderful. — koto. — 
mono. Syn. kotonakc, kawatta. 

HlYON-NOKI, ba^'/*, J^ •? 7|C, «. 
Name pf a tree . The distylium racemosum. 

HlYOBAN, iL^^y y, ^ fHy n. The dis- 
turbance and commotion caused by war. 

HlYO-Bl, ^^V, ^ 3E, (ura otnoiey) 
Outside and inside, (fig.) False hearted, 
hypocritical, double-dealing, also force, 
impulse, effort. — ga yoi^ fortunate, a good 
chance. — no am mono, a false, deceitful 
person, Tatsz hiyori ni atama wo utta, 
struck his head in the act of rising. 

Hiy3-riu, 's^V^, si i51t, Floating, or 
carried about by the waves, Fune ga 
— sh^U shima ye tszku, the ship floating 
about stranded on an island. 

HlYO-RO, b-v^VP^, J^ ^, «. Food for 
soldiers, provisions. — ni tszmaruy dis- 
tressed for provisions. — ga tsxkitOy pro- 
visions are exhausted. 

HlYORO-HlYORO-TO, b 3 ^ b 3 t^ )• , Ifi |j|, 
adv. In a limping staggering manner. 

HlYORO-KATA, M^ f;^ ^ iJ i' j -^ ^ ':^) 
n. Commissary. 

HiYo-RON,-szrt*, bY^^^, ^1^, t>. To 
diliberate on, to discuss. 

HiYOROTSZKi,-/n«,-iYaj ^"sv^^^i.t-. To 
limp, stagger. 

HlYOROZEME, ^^^^^H:^^ ^ ^ '^^ 
n. Starving out a garrison. 

HlYOSATSz, ^♦^^V^, 3|S +L, »• A tablet 
with the name of the person residing hung 
at the door of a house, a door plate. 

HlYO-SHl, ^'^S/', ^ II, n. The paper 
cover, or binding of a book. ItOrbiyoshi. 
board-covers. Kawa no — , leather bind- 

Digitized by 


HIZ h 

HOB t^ 


HlYO-sm, b-v^5^, ffl -^j n, Beating time 
to niasic. — wo toru, to beat time. A- 
shi'lnyoshi, dTummmg with the foot. Te- 
biyoshiy beating time with the hand. Ko- 
robu kiyoshi m', by the force of the fall, or 
act of falling. 

fHiTo-SHi5-s2?'w,-«A7a, }:,^^^f^y ^, 
/. r. To discuss the merits of, to criticise, 
to judge of. ITto no yoihi ashi wo hiyo- 
szru, to criticise the merits or demerits of 

^RiYO-sni^-szrUy-shHa, ^^^/v-, ^, To 
signify, be a sign of, represent, to show, be 
emblematic of. Go-gatsz no sekku ni noho- 
ri wo tatszru wa hacki-ihtsa wo hiyo-seshi 
mono nariy the raismg of flags on the festi- 
val of the fifth month is in memory of a 

HlYOSO, ^'^-^^♦, U IK, n. The mount- 
ings of a picture. 

HlYOSO, '^^ V, III ^, w. A Whitlow. 

HlYO-SOKU, h-v^y^,^jB5, 71. A kind 
of lamp. 

HlYO-TAN, ^^^y,W^%j n. A gourd, 
calabash. Syn. yiKUBE, hisago. 

HlYO-TO, t-v^ )• , adc. The sound of an 
arrow flying. Ya wo — hanaUz, 

Hi-y6-tori, 1 3 ^ > V , B ffi ® J w. A 
day-laborer. Syn. yatoi-mn. 

HlYOTTO, t3!5^f, ^^, ewff. If, supposing 
that. — shiretara do nasarti, if he should 
know, what should you do ? Hiyotto-szre- 
bof perhaps, it may be. Hi y otto shitara. 
idem. Syn. 3iosni. 

HlYOTTOKO, h 3 5^ ^ 3, ». A kind of mask, 

HlYOWAl,-KI,-SHl, t3 7'^, a. Weak, 
feeble, not strong, delicate. Syn. kavo- 


HlYOWAKU, h3 7^, adv. idem. 

HlZA, b-»K, JJ^, n. The knee. — 7w sara^ 

the knee-pan. — wo orUy to bend the knee. 

— wo JcumUy to sit tailor fashion. 
HlZA-GASHlRA, h-»t'/^i^f, J^ HM? ^- The 

Hl-ZAKAKI, h-*^'?!^!;, B S, (niichmj) n. 

Noon, the hottest period of the day in 

Hl-ZAKURA, b-»f'^-7, ^l ;};$, n, A scarlet 

blossom cherry tree. 
HlZAMADZKI,-/,:w,-/Yr/. h^T-r^^, j^, 

i.v. To kneel. Hizamadzite kami wo 

oganiiij to kneel down and worship God. 
HlzA-MOTO, h#'^^, 1^ f, n. By the 

knees, near to. Oya no — , at the parent's 

Hl-ZARA, li-»r^, ^X M» ^- The pan of a 
gun-lock, the bowl of a pipe. 

Hl-ZASHI, \L^'iy, B jISIj «• Sunlight, the 

sun's rays. 
HiZEN, t-tf ^, ^ 5![^, 71. A cutaneous dis-, the itch V 
Hlzo, h-f *>, ^ IK, Kept with great care, 

— muszme, a daughter kept with great 
care. Sho-motsz wo — szru, to prize and 
keep books carefully. 

Hi-zORi,-?-M,-^^a, bV;i^5 $^ K, t. r. 

Warped, bent by the heat. 
Ho, i^, H, 71. A sail. — wo ageru, to 

hoist a sail. — wo sayru, to lower a sail ; 

— wo kakeru, to hoist a sail. — wo go-go 
hahan ageru, to half reef a sail. 

Ho, ^, ^, 71. The ear, or head of rice 
wheat <&c. Jne no — , an car of rice. Miigi 
no ho, a head of wheat. 

Ho, *^, JH, 71. The cheek. Ho-bone, the 
cheek-bone, (malar.) 

Ho, /\7, fi, n. Rule, law, usage, doctrine, 
maxim, religious rites or practices; in- 
cantation. Kum no ho, ihe laws of a 
country. Butsz no — , (Buppo,) the doc- 
trines, or religion of the Buddhist. Arm 
wofurazeru ho^ the incantations used to 
bring rain. Sorohan no ho, the rules of 
the abacus. — wo taieru, to make a law, 
or rule. 

Ho, /\^, "jf^ (haia) n. Si(Je, region, 
place, direction, part, person, thing, a re- 
cipe. JTb/io-Ao, here, I. Sono-hOy or Ano- 
hoj there; you. Shtroi-ho, the white. 
Chlsai'ho ga yoi, the small one is the best. 
Kuszf'% no hoy a medical recipe. A7«/a* no 
ho, the west. Tedo no ho ye nigeta, has 
fled towards Yedo. 

tHo, /St*?, ^, n. Answer, reply to a letter. 
Go ho ni rtmhase, according to your an- 
swer. Syn. II EX -TO. 

Ho-ASHI, ^^r^j l/lffil, n. The foot, or 
lower part of a sail. 

Ho-ATE, ^t^rf, I® ^j ♦»• The visor of a 

H6-BAI, t^^^^A, JDJ 3I> »• A friend, com- 
panion, comrade. 


H5-BARi,-rw,-«a, ^.t»r^>{;u, t.v. To (iU 
the mouth, to cram the mouth full. Mochi 
wo — , to fill the mouth with rice-cake- 
Sane ga hari wo — , the monkey fills his 
cheeks with chesnuts. 

Ho-BASHIRA, t^^^t^y^ :f^, w. A mast. 

Ho-BEN, ^\^^y, "jf -gl, 71. A device, art, 
invention, plan, or expedient used to 
convert people to Buddhism, or to lead a 
virtuous life ; (it is now not restricted to 
the Bud. meaning.) — wo iu. to mention 
an expedient. — wo megurasz. — wo 

Digitized by 



HOD * 

HOD * 

motte Kio wo michihihu. Go — na mono, 


Ho-BETA, t^t^^^, n. The cheeks. 

HoBi, >\ ^ t', 3§ ^, w. A reward. — 
wo yarn, to give a reward. — to sKte kane 
wo kudasaru, gave money as a reward. 

Hobo, ^#, i^, or J|^, adv. For the most 
part, nearly, almost. — nite iruy almost 
alike. — dehi-agaUay nearly done. 
Syn. Ok ATA, aramasdi, 6-mune, tai-oai. 

H6-b6, ^^^^"^^^ "jf "jj^ adv. Here and 
there, all about, on all sides, every direc- 
tion, every where, every-place. — saga- 
sKte mo mppari gozaimasen, I have search- 
ed in every direction but cun find none. 
Syn. SBo-SHO ; Sfio n6 ; 

Ho-b6, t>'^-i'^, w. A kind of fish. 

tHdCHlKU, ^'N^f ^, ]R^? Driving out, 
expelling. — szru. 

Ho-ch6, /s^^-V'^, ^'Xt^ A table or 
kitchen knife. 

HODAI, /Nt»^^/f, jg[@, (Used only in 
combination with other words,) at will, 
according to one's pleasure, without 
restraint, at liberty. H'to no mi-hodai 
ni 8h*te oku, to let people look at it as 
much as they please. Uri-hodat, selling 
without restraint, anything one pleases. 
Shi'hodai, doing as one pleases. See De- 
hodaij Tori-hodai. 

Hq-DA1, /N^^/f, Jfe Sf, ». a fort, bat- 

Ho-DAN, >\y^y, ^ }j^, w. Preaching, 
a discourse on religious subjects ; sermon. 
(Bud.) — scrw, to preach. — wo kiku^ 
to listen to a sermon. Syn. seppO, dangi. 

Ho-DANA, ^^^-^, tXi ftg, n. The place 
on which a sail rests when furled. 

HODASABE„-n(,-^rt, ^.^'-*M^;U, ^ |f, 
Pass, of Hodashi. To be shackled, fetter- 
ed, hampered, encumbered, embarrassed, 
bound. Ko ni hodasarete deraremasen^ hin- 
dered by the child I cannot go out. Mi ni 
— , encumbered by the body. On mine 
nasake ni hodasareta, bound by your kind- 

HADASHl,-S2,-.sAVa, t^^^y ^, ^i*. To 
shackle, to fetter. Uma no aM wo — , 
to shackle a horse. Syn. tsznaocj. 

Hodashi, t>^'y, |i, w. A clog, hindrance, 
encumbrance. Sai shi ga hodashi to nam, 
wife and child became an encumbrance. 

fHoDO, ^N^ K, 5^ i, (mtdcuyumknni.) n. 
Heaven, (as being the place where the 
believers in Amida are rewarded. ) 

HoDO, ^ K, ^, w. Quantity, of space or 
time ; time ; quality, kind ; as, since. Ho- 

do no yoi KtOy a man of good manners, or 
a pleasant man. — wo hedaieru, to separate, 
put an interval between ; or, after some 
time. Kore-hodoy so much, or, this much. 
Sore-hodoy so much, or. that quantity. Yo- 
hodoy a good deal. Dore-hodo, how much ? 
Nanirhodoy how much ? jBbdo-nahuy very 
soon, a short time. Kono-hodOy lately; 
short time ago. S'esa-hodo, in the morn- 
ing. Ban-hodoy evening. Dekiru hodOy as 
much as you can. Fum-hetsz szru hodo 
jama ni naruy the more you think about it 
the worse it is. Anata hodo no K toga kayo 
na koto wa shi so mo nai mono day I did 
not suppose that such a man as you would 
do such a thing. Mi no hodOy one's posi- 
tion in life; proper place. Go men no hodo 
negcU tatematszri soro, I pray you to ex- 
cuse me. Mo nai hodo ni agemaseny as 
I have no more I cannot give you. 

HoDO-Al, t^VrAyli^f^, n. Interval of 
space, or time. Mb — wa go%arimasen, 

HODOBASHIBASHl,-5Z,-sA7a, ^t? hV^J^f ^, 
^ 3t> ^'^' To spatter, to splash. 

HoDOBASHlRl,-rw,-^^a, t^ K^S^/l/, 3^,f.r. 
To fly, splash about, spatter about, as 
water. Tudania takaku — , the drops of 
hot water spattered high, 

HODO-CHIKAI, t^Y^ijAy % 5£, Soon, 
short time, near, short distance. 

HODOHE,-rW,-^a, t^ K^;P, p 15, t. r. 
Lapse of time, after some time has pass- 
ed. Hodohete yuku, to go after a while. 
Hodohete kore wo shim naraboy if hereafter 
they should know. 

tHoDO-BODO, t^ K^ K, IS IS, (plural.) 
Positions, ranks, or places in life ; very 
much, greatly. — hana wo chirashitszru 
kana, how much have the flowers fallen ! 
— gi-^hin wo kandzru, he greatly admired 
his honesty. 

H0D0KB,-rw,-fa, t^ Y^j\^y |Pf, t. r. Un- 
tied, loosed, {fi^.) to relax, remit, give up. 
Muszhime ga hodoketa, the knot is untied. 
OH ga — , the belt is loose. A7 no hodohe- 
nai h'to, a person of a liard unyielduig 
spirit. Syn. tokeru. 

H0D0Kl,-/j7i,-i7a, t>^Y^y fjf, t. V. To un- 
tie, loose. Ito no muszhore wo — , to untie 
the knot in a thread. G*wan wo — , to 
perform a vow. Syn. tokd. 

HODOKOSHl,-5Z,-5/i7a, * K at ^ , j£, /. r. 
To give alms, to bestow, confer, impart. 
Bohi wo — , to confer a reward. Xome wo 
— , to give rice in charity. Hakarigoto wo 
— , to practise a stmtagem. Memboku wo 
— , to feel elated, or proud. Syn. SE-oiTd 


Digitized by 


HOG ^ 



HODOKOSHl, ^» K3 5^, Jg, n. Bestowment 
of alms, or charitable gifts. 

HODORAI, ^ Vy A J n. The capacity, size, 
or quality of things ; the station, or posi- 
tion in life or society. 

HoDZ, /\ ^ ^5 «. End, limit. — ga nai, no 
end, or limit. 

H6-DZBLI, **y^fji^#, n.- A kind of 

Ho-DZNA, *y-^, jHi 1$, n. A halyard. 

HODZRU, ^\^^;W, w. see Bdju 

HoFURi,-rii,-^^a, ^7;^, ^, t v. To kill, 
batcher, slaughter. Ushi wo — , to butcher 
an ox. 

HoGA, is ^ if J ^ ifP; ^ Contributions for 
religious purposes. — Mn^ money con- 
tributed to temples. — wo szru, to con- 
tribute, &C. Syn. KI-SHIN, KAN-KE. 

HoGA-CHO, t^^if^^^, ^ Jp Ig, «. A 
subscription book, in which contributions 
for religious purposes are written. 

Ho-GAl, ^^7 if>\, f^ ^, see Eog'wai. 

H5-GAKU, ^\^if^yif "Pi, n. Direction, 
point of the compass, quarter, bearing, lo- 
cality. Yedo no — wa dochiray in what 
direction is Yedo? Bono — ni aiaru, in 
what direction ? 

fHoGAMl, ^if^, B:My n. Pit of the 
stomach, epigastric region. 

tHoGABAKA, t^iffij,i^,a. Bright, clear. 
Taski ga — , the moon is bright. — na 
ige, a spacious house. 

tHoGB, :^y, j^ ^,«. Heat. Syn. kono, 

HOGETA, 4^y^, ifJl ^, n. The yard, or 
spar to which a sail is fastened. 

H6-G1Y0, ts^^3,^'^,n. The death of 
the Mikado. 

tHo-GO, /n7 if^, & H, n. Name given 
by the Buddhists to a deceased person. 
Syn. KAi-MiYO, Hft-Miyd. 

HoGU, t^^ ^y^ffCjU. Waste-paper, paper 

HoGTJRE,-rw,-^a, ^ /t/;^, t. v. Untied, 
loosed, unwoven, unlaced, unraveled, 
frayed, untwisted. Furoshiki ga — , the 
wrapper is frayed. 

HoGUSHi, -sz,-8h'ta, t^^^, t.v. To un- 
ravel, to fray, untwist. 

HoGUSHI, ^^'^j i^ $,w. A pine torch, 
used by hunters to decoy deer. 

Ho-G WAI, ^7 r!7>{ , ^ 5^, (honohoka.) 
Contrary to rule or usage, anomalous, 
outrageous, exorbitant, excessive. — no 
ne wo Uzkeru, to ask an exorbitant price. 
— ni ehigauy exceedingly different. — na 
koto wo itu — na mono. 

Ho-HBI, ^x-\/(, ^ ^, n. Common foot- 
soldiers, infantry. 

Ho-HEI, t^^^A^ ^ ^5 w. Offerings to 
the Kami. 

Ho-HIGE, ^4t ty, Jg ^^ ^ Whiskers. 

Ho-HO, /\7/n7, J£ 5J£, adv. In a creep- 
ing manner. — no tei de nigeru, to creep, 
or dink away. 

HoHorEMi,-?/2?^,-nda, t-t-HJ^, ^ ^, 
t.v. To smile. 

Hoi, t^yi, -^ SK> w. A kind of court 
dress worn by inferior Government oflGi- 

Hoi, ^v /f , Tjc ;^, Same as Horn. — naif 
not according to one's mind or desire. 

Hoi, /\7^, i^ 5Kj w. A garment worn 
by Buddhist priests. 

Ho-IN, >^\7/f y, f^ PP, n. The name of a 
rank among the Buddhists and Fama Jew/ «. 

HoiRO, ^./| P, jig JSJI, w. A utensil made 
of paper, used for heating tea-leaves. 

HoiTSZ, ^\^4 ^;', ^ Jg, Dissolute, vici- 
ous, profligate. Syn. hO-to, buraI. 

H6-J1, /x7i^, ^^y n. Prayers and re- 
ligious ceremonies of the Buddhists, gen- 
erally those performed on the anniversary 
of a death. Syn. tszizex. 

fHoji.-dzru, or ru,-4a, /s^i^/i^, ^, 
(mtiku.J To repay, requite, to recompense, 
to avenge ; to answer; to report, tell, pro- 
claim. On wo — > to repay a kindness. 
Ada wo, — to take vengeance on an en- 
emy. Kachi wo — , to proclaim a victory. 


H6ji,-c/2rz^,-^a, t^^^;^, ^, iv. To die, 

(used only of the Mikado.) 
Hojl,-rM,-^a, ts'f;:^f\^, i^, ^.v. To roa»t, 

parch, or fire, as tea. Cha wo hojiru, to 

fire tea. 
HojiGUl, /x^-^/h. Iff S^ i^, n. Posts 

set up to mark the boundaries of a coun- 
HoJiRT,-r?/,-^^a, ^??;u, |§, t.v. To dig 

up, grub up, to pick out. Into wo — , to 

dig up potatoes. JButa ga tszchi wo — , the 

hog rr)i)t.s up the ground. Toge wo — , to 

pick out a thorn. 
HojiRO, t^t^i^P,^)^ $^, «. Akind of 

tHojlSHl, *>*>^, g|,n. Dried flesh, 
Ho-jo, /NT^^fv^, >^ ^, M. A monastery ; 

also, a Buddhist priest. 
Ho- JO, /N^:?^^, ]5J 4, (ikeru wo ha- 

7iaisz.) Setting free live things that have 

been confined, (as birds, &c.) 
tH0J0,-52m, *^H,^|^, ^.r. To aid, 

help, assist. Syn. tetszdat. 

Digitized by 



HOK t^ 

HOM * 

HojUTSZ, ^\^l^sj. -;^ l^ ;gg, w. Musket ex- 

Ho-JUTSZ, ^^sy-^^y, fiHI? w- Magical 

HoKA, -it^ ^, $[\, Different, another, be- 
sides, except; outside, external. Kono 
hoka nifude ga riai, I have no pencil ex- 
cept this, jhoka 7io h^to, a different per- 
son. IToka ye deta^ he lias gone out. Sono 
holUj besides that, moreover. Syn. Yoso, 


Ho-kAke-BUNE, t^ jj i r^, %X ^ IS, «• 

A sail-boat, a ship witli sails. 
H6-KAMUB1, ;t^^7!;^V, J^5 S, Covering 

the head with the handkerchief. — wo 

B.dKK,-ric-ta, t> i^ ^ ;u^ i. v. Frayed, 

abraded, (as cloth.) 
H6KE-DACHI,-^S2,-to, ^^^^5^, *>. To 

be frayed, mbbed out. abraded. Syn. ke- 


HoKl, >\/\:^, IfjJ, n. A broom. 

tHo-Kl, t^^^y tl^, (hacid no gotcha 

okorii,) n. An insurrection, rebellion. — 

szru^ to raise an insurrection. Syn. iKKi. 
tHo-Ki, ^N^#, ^ §g, (takara mono.) A 

valuable article. 
HOKI-BOSHI, /\/\:^^:^, 

et. Syn. szi.sEr. 
tllo-KlYo, t^^^B^, 

and unfruitful. 
Hokiy5, ^\^^^^^^'^^n, Phymosis. 
tHOKKA, ^* V't^, ^ H, Setting out on a 

journey. Syn. hossokU. 
HoKKAl, ^>^^.i, 4t ^, (l^^ta no mil) 

n, Arctic ocean. North sea. 
HOKKE, ^ v'/r, ^1^, w. The mune of a 

sect of Buddhists. — kiyo, the sacred 

books of this sect. 
tHoKKI, ^. 5^^, If ^, To arise, or spring 

up, set a going, to start, set on foot, 

originate. — nin, originator. 
HOKKIYOKU, ^^ ^ ^ H? ^ , :It §, n. The 


HOKKOKU, ^^:^^,:!ltM? (^'^t^ wo l-um,) 

n. Northern country. 
HoKKU, ^ y<^, -^ %, A verse of poetry, 

consisting of 17 syllables. 
HOKO, ^ n Jl, n. A kind of spear. Hoko- 

8ah\ the point of a spear. 
IIo-k6, ^^^, ^ fr, n. 

szru, to walk. Syn. artjkU. 
H6-K0, ^ ♦ 3 1^, ^ ^V., ^. Service, duty 

done to a niast^er, the labor, business, or 

duty of a servant. — szni^ to perform the 

duties of a servant. 

JS . w. A cora- 
|)ij, Fruitful 

Walkin^r. — 

HOKO-HOKO, :}^ 3^ 3, JH jll, oifo. Warm, 
comfortable. Kimono wo kitaraha — wtm, 
by wearing clothes I become warm. 

HoKo-NiN, ^♦a.y- ;/, $ ^ ^, ». a 

HOKORA, ^3-9, SrI» ^- A small Sintoo 

HoKORI, * 3 V , :^, w. Fine-dust, (fig.,) a 
very small fraction. — ga taUz, the dust 
rises. — wo harau, to dust. — Aorai, a 
duster. — ga deru^ there is a very small 
fraction over. Syn. caiai, gomi. 

HoKOBi,-n(,-^^a, ^ 3;u, II, i. V. To be 
vain, proud, conceited, puffed up, to vaunt, 
Chikara ni hokoru^ to be vain of one's 
strength. Ken^i ni hokotte KU> wo mirMge- 
TV, to be vain of one's authority and de- 
spise others. Syn. ji-man szru. 

H0K0R0Bl,-Jw,-7irfa, •^=iv7% i^, i. V. 
Ripped open, (as a seam,) torn. To open, 
(as flowers.) Nui-me ga — , the seam is 
ripped. Hana ga — , the flower is open. 
Syn. HonoKERU, tokeru. 

HoKU, ^/, fl:, (kita.) North. Hokufu, 

Ho-KUCHI, t^^^, >X P, ^- Tmder. 

HoKURO, * ^ T' , ^, ^, n. A mole, freckle. 

HoKu-sHiN, t^^'yy, 4t i^> »• The north 

HoKusoYEMi,-??2z^,-7i(fa, *^y:E>, ^ 
^, i»v. To smile. Syn. hohoyemc. 

HoKU-TO, ^^ f , 4t ^> «• Ursa major. 

tHo-K'wA, /s^^y, jjijr ^, Setting on 
fire. — szru, to set on fire. 

HoMACHl, *-^f , w. Perquisite. Korewa 
yahi^nin no — da, this is the officer's per- 

HOMARE, :^^i^, ]Sg, n. Praise, eulogy, 
fame, renown, celebrity. — wo arawaszy 
to get renown. — too torn, to get praise. 
Syn. MKivo. 

HOM-BUKU, ^>r^, ;$; ^, n. Restora- 
tion to health, recovery from sickness. — 
sh'ia, restored to health. Syn. zkn-k'wai, 


H0ME,--rz^,-^o, ^^;u ^, t.v. To praise, 
eulogize, commend. A* 'to wo — , to praise 

||HoMEKi,-/a/,-2Ya, *;'^, 9J, i.v. To be 
like fire, hot, to have a fever. Migaho- 
meku, the body is hot. Syn. atszi. 

HoMERARE,-rw,-^a, :}?;<7i^;i^, |i* ^, 
Pass, of Homeru, to be praised. S'to 
ni — , 

Home-so YASHi,-sz,-5/^7a, ^^>>» y^^, il 
^, ^. t\ To praise and encourage, to m- 
spirit, animate by praising. 

Digitized by 


HON ^ 

HON ^ 


HoMlYO, ^'N 7 5 ^ ♦ , ^ :S , n. Name given 
to a deceased pert^oa by tae Buddhists. 
Syn. kai-miyO, hO-gO. 

IHOMMA, ^ y'y^, j^ JJI, True. — de go- 
zartmasj it is true*. Syn. hon-to, mako- 


HoMMARU, ^ y-^jyy, % %, n, The prin- 
cipal part of a castle 

tHoM-MATSZ, ^y-^^^^.y!^ 5^, (moto iosz- 
ye^) Root and branches, (fig.) Beginning 
and end» first and last. 

HoM-MiYo, t^yi^^, Jl ;S, w. True or 
real name. Syn. jitszmiy6, nanori. 

HOM-MO, ^y^^jl^^.n. One's great 
desire, or principal object. — wo togeru^ 
to obtain one's desire. 

HoM-MON, ^y=ty,:;l^'X^ n. The text 
of a commentary, or of a book as distin- 
guished from the notes. 

H6-M0TSZ, /\^^^;^, ^ lifl, {takaraj n. 
Things valued, prized and rare. 

IHOMURA, ^-^^, jJI, n. The flame of fire. 

— wo mof/aszj to be inflamed with anger. 
Syn. noNO. 

KouvRly-rUy-tta, /n^-^;W, ^, t. r. To 
bury a dead person, Baka ni — , to bury 
in a grave. Syn- udzmkru. 

Hon, ^ y , 7(C, w. A book. — wo ara- 
wasz, to publish a book. — wo kaku^ tsz- 
kuru, niszsZy tojiru, yoniu, Sny. siiomo- 


Hon, ^» y^ ;2|s:. Original, principal, true, 
real, genuine, fixed, settled, numeral for 
pencils, posts, sticks, masts, &c. Hon-ne- 
dan J fixed price. Mashira tppofi, one mast. 
Ifhide nihcm, two pencils. 

Ho-NAMI, ^-^^, ^^, n. The even 
rows of the ears of rice, or any gmin. 

HON-CHO, 7ti ^^ 7^ ^, 7^ JgJ, 7i. One's na- 
tive country. Syn. waga kini. 

Hox-CHosHi, * ^f ♦^j Tf: 19'^, ?i. The 
key note. 

HON-DANA, ii y^^, TfC iSB; n. A book- 

HON-DAXA, i^y^-^, TfC J^, n. The orig- 
inal, or principal store. 

HON-DO. it^y^^, Tt: ^, n. The main, 
or principal part of a temple. 

HON-DO, ^y^^,:^^,n. A physician 
(not a surgeon.) Syn. nai-ka. 

Hone ,t^^. %, n. A bone. — no taz- 
gcn<i the articulation of a bone. — vro tafe- 
r?/, to get a bone in the throat. — wo oruy 
to break a bone ; (fig.) to be industrious, 
laborious. — wo chigai, to dislocate a bone. 

— kujthij to sprain a bone. — wo tszguy to 
set a dislocated bone. — mtnifesszrtu (fig.) 

to pierce through the flesh and bones, feel 
deeply. — wo oshimtL, to spai-e the bones, 
dislike labor. Cho-chin no hofie, the bam- 
boo ribs of a lantern. Sho-ji no honey the 
frame of a screen. Qgi no hone, the sticks 
of a fan. 

HONE-CHlGAI, t^=^i^'\i, ^ ^,n. Dis- 
location of a bone. 

H0NE-GABAMI,;^^;&'7 ^ ,3^#5 w. Syphi- 
litic pains in the bones. 

HONB-GUMI , :^ ^ ;/>,»!- ;fgf, w. The bony 
frame; the frame work. — no takumashl 
h*io, a strong brawny man. 

Ho-NEN t^^^y,^^, (yutahana toshij 
A fruitful year, 

HONE-ORI, t^^^\),^^,n. Labor, toil, 
industiy, activity, exertion. — shigoio, 
hard work. Syn. taigi. 

HoNE-ora,-7t^,-/^a, ^:^^;Uj ^ fj^ «. «?. 
To be laljorious, to toil, work hard, to be 
industrious. Roneotte shigoto wo szruy to 
labor diligently at one's work. 

HoNEPPOr, t^:f^:^^s^, Full of bones, (as a 
fish,) bony, thin, emaciated. 

HoNE-TSZGl, t^^^^y^ #,w. Bone set- 
ting. — tsluiy a bone setter. 

HoN-GlYAKU, t^y^^^yMM^ Rebellion, 
revolt, sedition. — wo kuwadatszrv, to 
plan rebellion. 

HoN-GOKU, ^ y=f^, T^i @, (motonobmiy) 
Native count it, 

Hox-I; -t^y^y ^ ;^, n. Desire, mind, 
intention, object, inclination, purj ose. — 
ni kanauy to accord with one's mind. — 
wo somuku, to be contrary to one's inclina- 

HoN-Jl, ^:^^, 7|s: ^, n The original, 
or first temple, from which others have 
branched off". 

Hon -JIN, t^y^'y^ y!^ |5|, n. The head- 
quarters of an encampment. The hotel 
where a Daimiyo stops in travelling. 

HON-KE, *>>*r, :^ §§;, (moto no iye). 
The homestead, the principal family. 

HoN-Nl, t-yz:-y ;2[S^, adv. Truly, indeed, 
really. Syn. makoto-ni, jitsz-xi.^ 

Hox-MN, ^ y- y^ Tf: X, «• The prin- 
cipal, chief-man, ringleader. Syn. to-nin, 


HoNNORl-TO, tsy;y), adv. With a slight 

blush of redness, lightly shaded, — yo 

ga aketa, 
Ho-NO, t^/H^y '^y n. The flame of fire, 

— ga agaru. Syn. k'wa-ykn. 
H6-n6, t^^^^y ^ J^, (osame talema- 

tszm). OfTered to the Kami. — «r7*M, to 

offer, or present to the Kami. 

Digitized by 



HON zj. 

HOR ^ 

tHoNO-BONO, T^/:^/, Dimly, like the 
dawning of the day. — idzru td-yama no 
tszki, the rising of the moon above the 
distant mountains- — miyeruy dimly seen. 
Yo no — ahe ni maird, I will come when 
the morning begins to dawn. 

HoNO-GURAI, */;/74, Dim, or grey 
twilight, obscure. — ucM ni^ while it is 
yet twilight. 

HONOKA-NI, it^;ijr-, ^ ^, Dimly, in- 
distinctly, obscurely. — ni kiku^ to hear 
indistinctly. — ni mirw, to see dimly. 


H0N0MEKASei,-5Z,-s/i'^a, -^ //ij^yt.V. 
To allude to, mention incidentally, to hint. 
Maye-motte hononukasKte okuy to allude to 
a matter before hand. 

HONOi£EKi,-itf,-i^a, ^ /> ^, 1.17. To 
shine with a dim light. Ktmo^ma hara 
tszki ga honomekuy the moon shines dimly 
between the clouds. 

HoN-BAl, -^yyAy 1^ 2jE, (motoyori). 
Originally, in the beginnmg, at first. 
Syn. g'wan-bai. 

HoN-SAI, ^^-if>f, :iC H, n. Real wife, 
the wife as distinguished from the con- 

HoN-seiN, ^^S^;^,:?^: i6, «. The right 
mind, the mind in the original state free 
from evil and uncorruptrd. — ni tachi- 
kayeruy to return to one's right mind ; to 
reform the life, — ni sKiagau^ to act 
according to right reason. — wo uskinau^ 
to lose one's mind; to act like one desti- 
tute of reason. 

HON-SHO, t^yy^i^, ^ "H, n. One's 
original, or natural disposition. Nama- 
yoi honsho tagau:adzj a drunken man acts 
true to his nature. — ga tszita, has come 
to his senses. 

tH0KS0,-.5zrw, t^y^/^y^ ^, {kashiru). 
To go about here and there. Isha ga rtyo- 
ji ni achi-kochi — szru^ the doctor goes 
about here and there prescribing med- 

HON-TAKU, :^>^^,:4^^, n. The home- 
stead, the mansion, or place of resi- 

HoN-To, t^y^^y if^ §, True, real, gen- 
uine. — ka uso ka. b it true or false ? 
— de gozarimas, it is true. — ni shiri- 
masen, indeed I don't know. Syn. mako- 

TO, JlT^Z. 

HON-YA, t^ y^, ^ ^j ». A book store. 
Syn. SHORix. 

HoN-TAKU,-«2rM, -iiy^^, ^ pj. To 
translate, to interpret, render into another 
language. Tn'-go wo tra-go ni — , to trans- 

late from the English language into the 
Japanese. Syn. naosz. 

HoN-ZEN, ^y^y, :;^ ^, «. The prm- 
cipal tal3le at an entertainment 

HoN-zoN, t^y^yy TfC #, n. The prm- 
cipal idol in a Buddhist temple. 

tHoPPO, :fv^y>r^, 4t 3^, {kite no ho), n. 
The north. 

HoRA, *7, ?|^, «. A cave, cavern. 

HoRA, or, HouAGAi, ^7, ji ijl, «. A 
conch-shell, used for blowing. — woftdcuy 
to blow a conch, to exaggerate. 

HORA-FUKI, ^^f 7 ^r, ^ m Bfej '^ 0»e 
who exaggerates ; a blower. 

Ho-RAi ^ ♦ ^ ^ , ^ ^, «. The name of 
a fabulous mountain in the sea where the 
Sen-nin reside in immortal youth and 
happiness ; Elysium ; also, a representa- 
tion of the above in miniature, often pre- 
sented 10 a newly married couple. Ho- 
raisan the Elysian mountain. 
Syn. siiiMA-DAi. 

HoRAKU, /\7^^, S in, n. Religious 
entertainments, or theatrical exhibitions, 
in the presence of idols, which they are 
supposed to take pleasure in. — thi-taU- 
matszru, to please the gods with &c. 

HoRASK,-rM,-^a, ^^^-k/u, ^ |g, Cauflt. 

of .^OfM. 

H6-RATSZ, /N^f 5^, ]K t^, Profligate, 
dissolute, abandoned. — na mono, a dis- 
solute profligate person. Syn. buhai, hO- 
t6, dOraku. 

HoRE,-?w,-^a, ^t^ix/i', g, To be carved, 
engraved, sculptured, dug out, excavated, 
worn into hollows. £cno iahi ama-dare de 
horeta, this stone is ho. lowed by the rain- 
drop B. Konoji wo koreru ka, can you en- 
grave this letter ? Katakule horenaiy it is 
too hard to be engra«'ed, &c. 

HoRE,-rw.-^a, 4^1x^/1., ^, t.f7. To dote, 
to be silly from age ; to be old and childish. 
Same as Borenu Syn. oi-boreeu, bokerc. 

H0RE,-r?/,-<a, t-\^j\^,tx. To love, (be- 
tween the sexes only). Watakmhi ano 
ofina ni horeta, I love that woman. 
(hma ni horerareta^ to be loved by a 
woman. Unu-hore^ (onobore), self-esteem. 


HoKE-GUSZRl, ^.1^/ A y , H |g, n. Aphro- 
disiac medicine. 
Ho-REI, ^\7\^y\ , ^ ft|j »»• Common cus- 
I torn, customary usage, ordinance. 

j Svn. HO^HIKI. 

: tHo-REN, i^^iyy, M^ ^j n. Mikado's 
j chariot. 

I HoRENSO, ?\^i^y-it^, Hk^My ^' ^ 
kind of spinach. 

Digitized by 


HOS t^ 

HOS t^ 

125,-ru,-ttay t-/\^, ^, tv. To dig. ex- 
cavate, to quarry, to carve, engrave, sculp- 
ture, to tatoo. Tszcki wo — , to dig the 
ground. Ido wo — , to dig a well. Kt 
wo — , to carve wood. Ishi wo — , to en- 
grave a stone, to sculpture. Nomi de — , 
to cut with a chisel. Syn. ugatsz. 

H6Rl,-rw,-^ia, ^\7;\^, t.v. To throw, flmg, 
cast. Syn. nageru. 

HORI, t^ y , JBj ^'- ^ ^^^^^' — ^^ ^^^^ 

to dig a canal. — wo unieru, to fill up a 

H0Rl-DASHI,-5Z,-«/A'ia, *V^^, M tU> 

t.v. To dig-outj dig-up. Sek'tan wo — , 

to dig out coal. 

To throw out. 

HOBl-KOMI,-7n?f,-7Zrfa, t^\}=i^, H ^, 

U. To dig into, enter by digging. 
HoRl-MONO, t* y ^ /, S^ ^? w- A carv- 
ing, engraving. 

HORl-MONO-SBl, * 9 ^/5/, H ^ IS; W. 

A carver, engraver, sculptor. 

HoRO, ^-P, 1^, n. A kind of cushion stuff- 
ed with cotton worn by cavalry to protect 
the back. 

HoBOBi,-6v,-ia, ^hP/jC «.i'. Destroy- 
ed, overthrown, ruined. Ktmi\ it/e, shiroj 
mi, shiJidai nado ga horohiru, a country, 
house, castle, self, or property is destroy- 
ed. Syn. TszurRERtJ, mktszbo szru. 

H0R0BOSHl,-SZ,-5A'i^«, ^T^^:^, C Lv- 
To destroy, overthrow, ruui. Teki no hmi 
wo — , to destroy an euemy's country. 

HoRO-HORO TO, t-vt-vy ^ adv. Appear- 
ance of fruit, leaves, or drops of ram fall- 
ing, or, the sound of crying. — to nahu. 
Namida — kohor<H)chim, the tears fell m 

HOROKU, ^^P^, g!? Sft, w. An earthen 
dish used in baking. 

HoRON, yN7"P>', ^ p«f. A debate or 
discussion on religious subjects. — szruy 
to argue on religious subjects. 

HoROKl-TO, ^-pyv, adv. The manner 
of tears falling. — namida wo na^aaz^ 
to shed tears. 

HOROYOI, or, HOROYEI, t^V^\L/^l^, 
Half drunk. — ni mtia. 

HORUTOGARU, t^fU y jfjV^ Jft IB >H: % IB? 

tH0SA,-«87-lij *-t^, H jS, (taszkeni,) To 
aid, assist, to act as guardian. — no shtn, 
the minister of a prince. Syn. koken 


Ho-SAKU. * ^-»^^, M f^> ^'- A fine crop. 

Ho-SENKWA, t^^^y^V, M, \i\^, n. 
The Balsam, or Lady^s slipper. 

H6-SHA, ^^s^^, m ^, w. Borax. 

tHo-SHA, >'^'^>^■^r, ^ ^, n. Alms, chari- 
ty. — wo 7iegau^ to ask alms. 

Ho-SHl, t^^'y,^ 6p, n. A bonze. 

tHo-SHi, /\^>^. ^ jg, Your agreeable 
intention, (in letters,) Go — no dan ariga- 
talMy thank you for your kind wishes. 

HosHl, t^-y, ^, n. A star. ^, A white 
speck on the cornea. . The centre of a 

HoSHl,-5z,-6?7//^a, ^ ;^ , ^, t. r. To dry. 
Hi ni — , to dry in the sun. Hi de — , to 
dry at the fire. Syn. kawakasz. 

HOSHI-BUDO, t^l^r^'^ tlM^J^' ^a'- 
shis, dried grapes. 

B.osm-GAiii-ru,-tta, t^i/fjv^ gfi;, /. r. 
To desire, want, long after, covetous. Ko- 
no yedz wo ICto ga — , people are desirous 
of having this picture. 

HoSHll,-Ka,-sHl, Hr^-zA^ :^, a. Wanting, 
desiring, wishing for. Sake ga — , want 
mice, Kore ga hoshii ha^ do you want this ? 
Yoi tszma wo hoshii mon da, I want a good 

HoSHl-l, t^'y^ k, ff ; «. Rice boiled and 

HosHi-KA, ^^-5^, ^ fig, w. A kind of 
dried fish. 

HoSHlKI, ^\7'y^, ?i ^j w. Established 
rule, usage, law, or custom. Syn. jOrei. 

Ho^aiKU, or HoshC, -^-^^ :g)|;, adv. De 
sirous of, wishing for, wanting. Is^ani mo 
— nai, I don't want anything. Ka7i€ ga 
h)shikuba ahiddo ni nave, if you want money 
be a merchant. 

HoSHl-MAMA, it^-yA -T-r, 7^^, Having one's 
own way, doing as one pleases. — niszrUy 
to do as one pleases. Kodomo wo — ni sa- 
sete okeha horaiz ni nam, if you let a child 
have its own way it will become a prof- 

HOSHI-MATSZRI, t>l/^ W , M ^» ^- Stnr- 
festival, held on the 7th day of the 7th 
month, also, a festival held to counteract 
the evil hifluences of the ruling star. 

HoSRl-MlSE, t^-yl -k, -^p /^, n. Selling 
in the open air, where the wares are 
spread out on a mat. 

Ho-SHO, ^ ♦ ^^ 3 , 3^ ^, w. A kind of fine 
paper, also, a letter from the Shognn. 

tHosao, j\^y3, ^ ^, n. Your deligl|t- 
ful letter. 

tHo-SHO, ts^'y^^^^yi, tv. To praise, 
to reward. 

Ho-SO, /\^-if^j ^ ^, 71. Small pox. — 

Digitized by 



HOS * 

HOT * 

WO 8zru, to have the small-pox. — gamiy 
the god of small-pox. Wiye-hoso^ vaccina- 
tion. — ga hayani, the small-pox is prev- 
Hoso, or Hozo, ^ V, ^, n. The navel. 

— no 0, navel string, umbilical cord. — 
wo kamuy to bite the navel, f fig.^ to repent, 
feel regret, remorse. Syn. heso. 

Hoso, 4-^ y, j|g, Fine (same as -flbso/.) used 
only in compound word-. 

HOSO-BIKI, ^ V t' :^, m 5I> ^- ^ ^^^^ of 
rope, or cord made of hemp. 

tHoso-DONO, t^ y hV, J!^, n. A corridor, 
or gallery leading from one building to 
another. Syn. rOka. 

Hosoi,-Kl,-SHl, ^ y^i, i^, cu Fine, (as 
thread,) slender, narrow, delicate, thin, 
small. — ito^ fine thread. Michi ga — , 
the road is narrow. Te ashi ga hosoi, the 
limbs are slender, or thin. — kogey a 
shrill voice. Shinsho ga — , his property 
is small. — ftoi, fine and coarse. 

HosoKU, or Hoso, ^ y^, |H,Wt?. idem. 

— narUy to become slender. — Bzni^ to 
make fine. Me wo — szru^ to nearly close 
the eyes. 

HOSO-MATU, t^ y^^, ito M> w Delicate 

HoSOME,-r2^,-^a, t> y^;i-, i^, t. v. To 
make fine, thin, slender, or delicate. Koye 
wo hosomete iu^ to speak in a shrill voice. 

HOSOME, t. y^, ^ @, n. Eyes slightly 
open, a narrow crack. To wo Iiosome ni 
akete guki wo mintj to open the door a 
little and look out at the snow. — de 
mini, to look with the eyes partly closed. 

HOSO-MICHI, ^^ y 5 f . ite ^, w- A nar- 
row road, path. 

HOSONAGAI, t^^/-^ifA,^§:, Long and 

Hoso-NE, 4^ y^, IB §, n. A fine, shriU 
voice, or sound. 

Hoso-NUNo, ^^y.?y, lis ;ilj, «. Fine 

Ho-SOTSZ, t^ y 5^, ^ $, 7?. Foot soldier, 

infantry. Syn. uo-uei, ashigaku. 
fllosoWATA, ^ y 7 i^ , fl4i w. The placenta. 

Syn. YEN A, NOCin-ZAN. 

tHossHi,-6'2/-w,-sA7a, ^!?'^;^, ^, t. r. 

To wish, desire, want. Syn. nkgac, xo- 

HossniN. is ^'yy, ^ jjj*, n. Conversion, 
^ or turninor from vicious habits to a moral 

life. (Bud.) — sJCte hodz ni fiarUy to be 

converted and become a priest. 
HOSSOKU, t^^V^, ^ J£, Stai-ting or 

setting out on a journey. Syn. detacui. 

Hoss5sHU, *v'-<f^5x^,jift^, n. The 

name of a Buddhist sect ; (now extinct.) 
H0S8ZRU, ^ 5^-^ ;u. See Bosshi. 
HoSZ, t' ^ , See Boshu 
HOSSZ, t^^y:^,^ ^y n. A brush of long 

white hair carried by Bud. priests. 
tHo-BZN, ^\^^ y, if -if, n. The heart, 

mind. — no uchtm, in the mind. 
HoTA, t^^,l^i^,n. The stocks. 

Syn. Asui-KASE. 
tHo-TAl, ^♦^'i, ^ ^, «. A bandage, 

(for a wound.) 
HoTARU, ^^;u, ^, 71. A fire-fly, 
HoTARUBl, ^.^;Ub', ^ j^, n. The light 

o^the fire-fly. 
Ho-TATE-GAl, * ^ r ^/f , (Hi ji; K> «• A 

kind of shellfish, the nautilus. 
|lHoTAYE,-rt^,-^a, ^^^=t;u, ^, f*. r. To 

play, sport, to romp. Syn. tawamureru, 


HoTE-HOTE, t^:^-^r, adv. Large, corpu- 
lent, big-bellied. — ftotte irw, to be big 
and corpulent. 

HOTEPPARA, tsr^y^^'r, n. The belly. 
Yart de — wo tszki-nvhuy to run the belly 
through with a spear. 

HoTERl,-rM,-^a,' t^r/^y^^y iv. To be 
hot, burning, to smart. Kao ga — , the 
face bums. Mimt ga — , the ears burn. 
Syn. NESSzRtj. 

HoTERi, ^.rV, ^, n. Heat, burning, a 
smarting or burning pain. Biru no — de 
yoru mo atszty owing to the heat of the day 
the night is also hot. 

tH6-T0, ^'N^^^, Ji:^, Profligate, dis- 
solute. Syn. HOhatsz. 

H5-T0, t^^y^,^^, n. Lights placed 
before idols. 

^ f >'^" -^ , t.v. To soften by steeping in 
water. Nikawa wo — , to soften glue in 

^HoTOBASHlRl,-rv,-^^a, ^ ^ ^^-yji-y gt, 
See Hodohashiri, 

H0T0Bl,-7'«,-^a, ^f b'/i-, t.r. To be soft- 
ened by steeping in water. 

HoTOCORi, t> h ^n; , n. Heat. Bets t no ^, 
the heat of a furnace. 

HOTO-HOTO-TO, * f ^> f f , adv. The sound 
made by beating a door, rapping. To wo 
— uchX-tatahiy to rap at the door. 


HOTOKE, t^\ ^y ^, w. The general name 
for the divinities worshiped by the Budd- 
hists, who were all originally human. 
The soul of the dead. — no co, an idol. — 
wo mei'Tiichiy the anniversary of a death. 

Digitized by 


HOY * 

I >\ 


Iki'hotoke, one who by his virtue re- 
Bembles the gods. 

HOTOKE-NO-ZA, * f ^ ^ -i^', ^ ^, n. 
Name of a plant. 

HOTONDO, ^ > ^ K, 5^, adv. Ahnost, weU 
nigh, nearly, greatly, very much. — 
midz ni ochtru, came near falling into the 
water kamaru, greatly troubled. 


HOTOBI, ^ > V , ^, n. Neighborhood vi- 
cinity. Kawa no — , near the river. Shtro 
no — , vicinity of the castle, soba, hbn, 


tH0T0Bl,-rt*,-^^a, * ^ ;p, ^, i.r. To be 

hot, feverish. Atama ga — /head is hot. 
tHoTOBi, 4« f y , m,n. Fever, heat. — 

wosamasz^ to cool the fever. 

Syn. NETSz. 
HOTOTOGISZ, ^\\^^, It f I, n. The 

name of a bird. The cuckoo ? 
fHoTSZGO, or HOTS-GCN, *y:a', g |g^ 

S "0*5 Speaking first, or beginning to 
speak. — szru. 

H0T8ZKI,-iw,-iYa, ^ y ^ , ^, t.v. To fray, 
ravel, to tear lint. 

tHOTSZ-NETSZ, :a^y:f5^, S ^, »• The 
springing up of fever. — %zrt(.. **. 

HoTSZRE,-rt^,-^a, t^^^^xyiv, f.f. Frayed, 
rubbed, worn, (as cloth.) Kimono ga — . 

tHoTTAl, ^5f^/f, ^fl, n. Shaven 
headed, as a Bud. priest. — szru^ to 
shave the head. 

tHoTTAN, its ^^ y^ |g ]gg, n. The begin- 
ning, commencement. 8301. hajimari. 

HOTTO, :tx ^ > , adv. The sound of sighin.e, 
or drawing a long breath. Hot tame-iki 
wo tszku, to draw a \ox\^ breath. 

HOTTO-NIN', ^. 5^ f ^ - :x, ^ 5f X, n. 
Originator, first mover, or doer, ringlead- 
er. Syn. UOKKI-NIN, Cn6B0N-NIN. 

Howo, >N7 7^, ^ ^, 71. A Mikndo who 
has abdicated the throne, shaven his head, 
and devoted himself to a religiouH life. 

Howo, ^^7^, Jl. a, n. The name of a* 
fabulous bird, the phoenix. 

HOYA, ^•V', ^ ^, ». A parasitic plant, 

tHOTAKU, *^>^, ^i SI, (oginaigmzti.) 
n. Tonic medicines, medicines which 
strengtnen the body, or keep off disease. 

H0YE,-ri^,-to, :^^:a:;P, P;^, i.v. To bark, 
to bellow, roar, (the cry of any animal.) 
Inu ga — , the dog barks. UsM ga — , 
the cow bellows. 

fHo-TB, /S72, ^ #, n. An assembly of 
Bud. priests, for the performance of re- 
ligious ceremonies. 

tH6-TE, ^n7x, ^^, n. The peculiar 
dress of a Bud. priest. 

fHo-YB, /N^:i:, ^ ^^ n. The afterbirth; 
placenta and membranes. Syn. yena. 

HOYE-DZBA, *xy-?, 55^7 (nakigao.) 
n. The face of one cryinfr. 

tHo-YEKI,-S2?-t^, ^:t^r, ^ S, (oginai 
masz,) To repair a defect, to complete, to 
strengthen, recruit. Kekki no fu-sohu 
wo — szruy to strengthen the vital powers. 
Syn. tasz. 

tHo-YEN, ^x^, ^ Jg^], 71. A long cor- 

Ho- YEN, >'N^x.^, :^ HJ, (shtkaku maru.) 
Square and round. 

Ho-YO :^^^, ^^j (tamochi yashinau,) 
Preserving the health, strengthening the 
body. — wo szrUj to attend to one's health. 
Syn. yOjO. 

HoYU, ts^y\^, ^^,n. A friend, com- 
panion. Syn. TOMODAcni, hObai. 

HozAKl,-7i;w,-;^a, :^-«t^,uv. To say, to 
speak, (a contemptuous word used in 
anger to an inferior.) 

fHo-ZAl, /Nt>-tf>f , j^- Ipj, n. A compound- 
ed medicine. Syn. awase-ouszri. 

H6-ZEN, /N^^/jy, JJflJ, Before a J!f/ya, 
or Kami, — ni gaku wo kakeru, to hang 
up a picture before a miga as an offering. 

fHo-zo, >^N ♦ -^^'^ , 5g ^, (takara hura.J n, 
A store house in which valuable things 
are kept. 

I, W , Jf , w. Gall, bile. Kuma no i, bear's 
gall. Ushi no t, ox-gall. 

Ij #» 5lfj w. A wild hog, and (^,) one of 
the 12 signs. I no tokiy 10 o'clock at night. 
7 no hata, N. X. west. I no ko, or I no hiy 
a festival on the «< hog-day " of the 10th 
month. I-naka no tszki, the moon on the 
20th day of the month. 

I, #, ^ , n. The stomach. Ickiui in the 
stomach. Inofuy the stomach. Inojo' 
ko, the cardiac orifice. / no ge-io, the 
pyloric orifice. 

■'■> "^ y 'Ml (^okoro-hase,) n. The mind, 
thoughts, intention, will, feeling, meaning, 
— - ni hanauy to agree with one's ideas, or 
mind. — m somuku^ to be contrary to 
one's mind. Kono i wo ajiwau^ to perceive 
the meaning of. Ichi i ni nam, to be of 
one mind. 

Digitized by 



lAI /[ 


I J #) ®j w, The rush of which mattmg 
is maide. Lgoza, or I-mushin^ a mat. 

I, A , ^, (kotonariy) Different, strange, un- 
usual. Ifu do boy a different father, but 
the same mother. Ikohuy foreign country. 
I-ku'do-otii ^ P [pj -^j all together with 
one voice, /wa h^to, an eccentric pereon. 

Ij #, iS, (hurai,) n. Rank, dignity. JI/m 
t WM k'wan, without rank or otfice. I no 
iakai h'to, a man of high rank. / wo oto- 
szy to be degraded. / ni szszmuy to be 
promoted in nink. Ichii, the first or 
highest rank of nobility. 

I, ^, J^, (ikioi,) n. Dignity, majesty, pow- 
er, authority, influence. — no aru Kio^ 
one having authority. — /<«**> to show 
one's power. — wo otosz, to loose one's 
power. Syn. isei, ken. 

I, #, ^, n. A well. — no mwfe, well water. 
I no naha no kawadz no gotoku^ like a frog 
in a well. I wo sarayeru, to clean a well. 
Syn. iDo. 

^^j 'f > "Bj ^' ^ doctor, physician, medicine, 
— wo manabuy to study medicine. — wo 
giyoto szru, to follow the business of a 
physician. Mei-iy a celebrated doctor. Tai- 
i, a great doctor. 

I,-rw,-^a, A )^y J^, t. r. To shoot, (a bow,) 
yumi wo iru, to shoot a bow. Ite hadzszy 
to shoot and miss. 

Ij-'ru^-ta, A ;^, 0(, ^ t*. To cast, to found, 
to run metal in moulds. Kane wo tru, to 
cast money. Zeni wo — , to cast iron cash. 
Mibe wo — , to cast pots. 

I,-rUy-4ay ^;u, Jg, ut\ To be, to dwell, 
sit. Doko ni i-nasaruy where do you live ? 
Kanagawa ni imaszy I live in Kanagawa. 
Daidokoro ni imasZy he is in the kitchen. 
Nani wo sh^te iru^ what are you doing? 
Hataraiteiru, he is working. 

lyAAy jfy «• Good, riglit, fine, pi-etty. 
Ikeshikiy a beautiful landscape. Itte tno i, 
had better go. l-midz, good water, l-^i- 
rnonoy nice clothes. Dodemo i, anyhow 
will do. Syn. yoi, yoroshIi. 

tl, A k, 15, (meshiyj n. Boiled rice. 

I, iw, iutQy A 7, "s, t, r. To say, speak, 
tell. Mono wo iu^ to talk. Nan to tutoy 
what did you say ? Wiye wo ten to iu^ that 
which is above is called heaven. Na wa 
hichi to iuy his name is called Kichi. Achi 
ye ite so iye^ go there and say so. Sada ni 
sakana wo katte-koi to iye^ tell Sada to buy 
some fish. Syn. mO^z. 

fl, irUy ita, ^/i^, ^, t, v. To take along 
with, to lead, conduct. 8yn. uiki-iru, 


T-Al, ^rt, Jg ^, yf. The drawing of a 

long sword while sitting ; (a difiicolt act 
in fencing.) — wo nukiL, to draw a sword 
while sitting. I-ai goski ni nam, to put 
one's self in the posture of drawing the 
sword &c. 

tiAKU, #r^, tl d, w- A curtain. 

tl-AN, Ary,^^yn. Medical direc- 
tions. — wo kahif to write down the his- 
tory of a case with the proper medicines to 
be used. 

I-ATE,-?-w.-ia, ATrf^y M^^^'^' To 
shoot and hit. Ta wo mato m i-ateniy to 
shoot an arroir and hit the mark. 

I-.ATE,-r«^,-fa, A kr r;i-, 'g' +? <• ^' To 
guess, conjecture, find out, to say and liit. 

I-AWASE,-r«i,-^a, ^r^N-k;^, jg 'fi^, »• f- 
To happen to be present. Sono za ni i- 
awasete, hanashi wo kiia, I happened to be 
present at the meeting and heard what 
was said. 

lAWASE,-rt^,-fa, A tr/N-k;K "g ^, i.r. 
To agree in saying ; to say in concert, or 
by collusion, to consult together. 

I-AYAMARI,-r!^,-^^a, A kr-V-V'/P, "g* g|, 
f. r. To mistake in saying , or say by mis- 
take, blunder, mis-state. 

I-BA, A -'N', ^ jf^y n. A place for shooting 
the bow, shooting ground. 

iBAly-o j-atta, A ^"7, 5jlf, i. v. To neigh. 
l/ma ga iho. the horse neighs. 


fl-BAKU, #^^>5^, tl SEj ^- A curtain. 

Syn. MAKU. 
I-BARA, A^^yy ^ 1lSf.y w. The name of a 

thorny tree. Sjti. odoiso. 
Ibara-gaki, A^^yif^y fj Iffi S, n. A 

hedge of thorns. 
IJIBARI, #vN^Vj j^, n. Urine. — JuXwo, the 

bladder. — wo szruy to urinate. 

Syn. SHft-BEN, SHIKO. 

lBARi-r?/,-f^a, A^<)^y JgS 5i? *^ <*• To 
boa??!, to vaunt, make a s«well, act pomp- 
ously. Ihatte aruhi, to swagger, strut. 

, Ibatte ICtori haba wo szru, to act pompous- 
ly and crowd others away. Ibatte Kto too 
mi-sageni, Syn. hokoru, rikimu, tai- 


Ibiki,/| k'^,^ ,g., n. Snoring. — wo kakuy 
to snore. 

||lBlRl,-rw,-f^a, A k';P, t.v. To parboil, to 
scald, (as vegetables, ) to roast slightly in 
ashes. Hai ni — , to heat in ashes. Yude 
— , to scald in hot water. Ibiri koroszy to 
aflflict or torment to death. 

Ibitsz, a k' ^j', n. Oval. — narij an oval 

fl-BlTSZ, >f k k' V', ^ if , w. A box for car- 
rying boiled rice. Syn. bkntO. 

Digitized by 


ICH 4 

icn 4 


Ibo, >t Tt.% Jjt» w- ^ y^y^Tt, small tumor. — 
ga dekita, to have a wart. 

•j*I-B0,-szr2*, *A-^, 5S#S? (waszreru.) 
To forget. 

Ibo, >f ^x"7, IJlf, To neio:h,see Ibai. 

lEOi,-d,-oUa, A^7, i^ ^, <-' Tosyp- 
purate, to matter, only used of the moxa. 
Kiu ga thotta, the moxa lias suppurated. 

IboI, >f tK t , ». The pus of a moxa. 

lBUKARl,-rt^,-^a, 4 7'ijf\^, flf, t. v. To 
wonder at, consider strange or dubious, to 
suspect. Syn. ayashimu, fusiiin szru. 

Ibukashu,-ki, ^ y'ij 'y^, Zy^ If, a. 
Strange, mysterious^ unintelligible, doubl- 
fuly suspicious. 

Ibubjishiku,-u, ATij^yiTy JJJ ^, adv. 
Ibukashtku omoj to feel dubious about, to 
wonder at. Ikaga to — zonji-saro, wonder- 
ing what I should do. Syn. fu-shin, 


Ibukashisa, ATij-y-^y «. Doubtfulness, 

dubiousness, mysteriousness. 
Ibuki, ji /djr, ^ 5)C '^y ^' The Juniper 

tree. Syn. bitaku-shin. 
Ibukuro, f^r^v, 3 fl(|f,n. The stomach. 
I-BUK, A \:.7"y, W ^? w- Something to 

be said against, some fault to find. Omaye 

ni — ga aru, I have some fault to find 

with you. — ga nai^ nothing to be said 

against it. 
lBURi,-rt/,-^a, A /;u, ^H, t.v. To smoke. 

Hi ga thUta, the fire smokes. Syn. fusz- 


IIIburi, Ar\), ^ E-, Cruel, unfeeling, 

unmerciful. — na h'toy a cruel person. 
lBUSARE,-rt*,-^a, A r^^^-;^, ife^, Pass. 

of Iburi, to be smoked, (fig.) annoyed, 

tlBUSEl,-KI,-SHl, /f/-t>f, Id >fg„ a. 

Gloomy, dismal, disagreeable. Syn. tjttO- 


tiBUSEKU, >I r-k^, H t&, «^t^- iclem. — 
oho, to feel gloomy. 

lBU8Hi,-«!-*A7a, Ar^, ^, t.v. To 
smoke, fumigate, (fig.) to annoy, vex, 
torment. Kat^zhmhi wo ibiisz, to smoke 
the flesh of the Katszo. Ka wo — , to 
smoke out musquitocs. Syn. ftjszberu, 


Ibushi-guszri, >f 7*5^;^;^ i;, jtj m, n. 

Fumigating medicines. 
i|ICKAT8ZKl,-/m,-i^a, /ff^y^, jf ^, 

uv. To flirt, to sport with girls. 


ICHI, A f , -^.(h'totsz.) One ; first, prime, 
whole. Ichi'ieht, each one, every one, 
every particular, one by one. Ichigo, alike, 


same. Ichi-do, once. Ichi gi ni mo oyobadz, 
without a single objection. Ichi^nen^ the 
whole surface. IchinohHo^ the first of men 
in rank, (viz. a dai-jodaijin,) — dai-ji, of 
prime importance. — no miga^ eldest 
daughter of the Mikado. 

ICHl, A'^yitW., n. The order, arrange- 
ment, or method in which things are 
placed. — ga yoi. — ga warui. 

IcHi, A 4, T|T» "• -1 market, a fair. Ichi-ha^ 
market place. Asa-ichij morning market. 
Ichi ni itte katte hoi, go to the market and 
buy. Sahana ichi ga tahz, the fish market 
is open. Ichi-bito, market people. 

IcHl-ASHl, A^T'y, •^J£> (-^^ ^" ^^® 
phrase.) — wo dash^te nigeru, ran away as 
fast as his legs could carry him. — ni 
nigeru, id. 

IcHl-BAN, /f-fA-:^, — #, Number one, 
the first, the best. — me, the first one, the 
very best. 

IcHl-BU, A-f7% — ^, n. A silver coin 
= about 33 cents; one part. 

IcHi-BU-SHi-ju, A^yyi^'f;, —^ §B iu 
J^, From beginning to end. every thing. 
— wo kafaru^ to tell all from beginning 
to end. 

IcHl-DO, >< ^ K^, — * [p|, adv. All, every 
one, the whole. 

ICHl-DZ, -f-fy, — ^, (h'to 8zji), adv. 
Only, alone, nothing else, obstinately, per- 
sistently. Chiugi ishidz ni ottwi^tszmerv^ 
thinking of nothing but loyalty. Ichi-dz 
no riyo-ken^ possessed with one idea, or 
feeling. — ni so omo^ persist in thinking so. 

IcHl-GAl, A^ifA, — ^,ad^'. Wholly, 
without exception or distinction; entirely, 
indiscriminate. Ano Kto waiiii to ichigai 
ni mo iuicaremai, niaUt ydki koto mo at^ de 
aro, it should not be SJiid that he is 
wholly bad, for I think he has some good 
qualities. Ichi-gai na mono^ one who is 
indisci iminate in what he says or does. 

l-CHIGAI,-rr«.-a^fa, /iff7>'7, "5 jS|, 
t.r. To niist;ike in saying or telling, to 
say by niistiike, to blunder. 

ICHlGO, A -f ^; 1^:, n. A raspberry. 

IcHl-GO, /i-f3', — ^, w. Whole life. 
Syn. i.-sii5(iAi. 

ICHI-JI, A -t >', — J|f, adv. Atone time, 
same time, together ; once on a time. 

ICHIJIKU, 4 -f t'iJ', ^ ?g :||, w. The fig. 

ICHUIRUSHI, A-fi^/^'^j ^ Bfl, Plain, 
clear, manifest, obvious, evident, apparent. 
Sei-Jin no michi — y the doctrine of the 
sages is clear. Kami no ri-yaku — , the 
help of the Kami is plainly seen. 
Syn. AKiR Ka, mei-uaku, fum-mivo. 

Digitized by 



IDE 4 

IDZ r 

IcHl-JUN, >f f i?^ ^, — * 'Ij, n. One de- 

IcHlKO, 4 "f 3, p^ ^; n. A fortune-teller, 
or spiritualist. Syn. adzsamiko. 

IcHl-MEI, >i f ^ /f , *- -ft*, ?i One's life. 

ICHl-Ml, /f -f ^ , — - 5jc5 One ingredient. 
Daiwo ichi-mi no ghcanyahu^ a pill made 
of rhubarb alone. — ni naruj to become 
one of the same party, or army. 

tIcHl-MOTSZ, ^i f ^ :^, j?l ^> w. A good 

IcHl-RAKU, A'^y^j n. A fine kind of 

I-CH1RASHI,-5Z,-S7i7cr, A tf 7^, "s ^, 

^.r. To scatter, spread, or disseminate 
by talking. 

IcHi-Ri-DZKA, >f^yy^, — M :^, w. 


IcHI-TEN, /J-fit^, — jg, adv. Positive- 
ly, peremptorily; (with a negative), by 
no means. 

Ichi-y5, ^i f ^ ♦, — >HI» Alike, same. 

IcHo, ^ f ♦, ^ ^, 72. Name of a tree, 
the Salisburia adiamtifolia. Syn. cimnan. 

I-DAKE-TAKA-Nl, ^^'^i^^^, >g X 1ft, 
adv. Drawing one's self up, sitting erect. 
— nattc nonoshi'rUy drawing one's self up 
to scold. 

lDAK\,-k2t,-!ta, 4^'^, IS, t,v. To cm- 
brace; lo hold in the arms, (fig.) to hold 
in the heart, to harbor in the mind, cherish. 
Kodomo uo — , to carry a child in the 
arms, Urami tco — , cherish hatred. 

lDAKl-TSZKl,-tM,-l^a, -l^'^V'jJ^, % pft, 

t.v To embrace, hug. 
Idashi,-.9Z,-.s7a'^«, >t^'^, ]^j t. V, To 

cause to go out, to send forth Syn. dasz. 

l-DASHl,-555,-s/i'^a, /fk^'^, s* ffi, tv. 

To pronounce, to utter, to tell, to begin 
lo speak. 

Ide, or, Ide-YA, a f\ Exclam. used to an 
antagonist in bantering, come on, now 
then, well. Ide o aite m naritnasho^ come 
on, I will be your antagonist, 
Syn. DORE, SA. 

lDE,-ye/,-^a, A r /^, !l]> To go out, issue- 
forth. Vchi yori idem, to go out of the 
house. Syn. dkrl'. 

tlDE-Ai,-a«,-a^^a, Af77, Hi jH, iv. 
To meet in the street or while out. 

fiDE-lRi, 4 r 'i V > lii A» ^^o'nig out and 
coming in, expenses and receipts. — mono, 
one who frequents a place. Syn. de-iRi. 

Tde-tachi, a r ^-f , [U ift, n. The style 
or manner in which a person is dressed, the 
costume, equipment, accoutrement. — tco 

szrUy to dress, or equip one's self. Sono hi 

no — ni way his dress on that day wa s, 

&c. Syn, giyO-bo, yoso-oi. 
lT)V.-TAcm,-tsz-tta, A f^ ^, Jf{ jt, ix. 

To be dressed up, accoutred, equiped, 

Syn. Yoso6. 
flDEYU, >< r ^, S J^, w. A hot-«pring. 

Syn. ONSEN. 
Ido, ^ K, ^, w. A well. — wo horu, to 

dig a well. — wo ttmenty to fill up a well. 

— wo hat/enij to clean a well. 

fl-DO, >f>5r'^, § ^, (tsha no viichi). n. 

The science of medicine. Syn. i-jutsz. 
Idobata, or, Ido-no-hata, #hON"^, ^ 

j^y Near the well, vicinity of the well. 
Ido-gawa, ^ V^'^\, ^ fi!, n. A well-crib. 
Ido-gayE, # K;&'-^, ^ \Uy «. Cleanmg a 

well. — wo szru, to clean a well. 
iDO-HORI, * Vt^ y , S^ IS, n. A well dig- 

I-DOKORO, * K 3 p, Jg ^, w. A dwelling 

tlDOMi,-wiw,-wc?a, A K>, ^, tv. Toex- 

cite,stir up. Tatakai wo idomuy to stir 

up war. 
tlDOMi-Ai,-att-a^^a, Ari77. M ^^ 

it'. To contend, or strive together. 

tlD0Ml-ARAS01,-(>,-0^a, A V 17^^/7,^ 

^, iA\ To contend, or strive together. 
lDOMi-TATAKAl,-aw,-a^^a, A Kl^^ij7, 

^ ^, i. r. To battle, make war. 
Idz, a ^, neg. of Int. 
tiDZCHI, /fyf, ^ Jfc, (Bokoy) adv. 

Where, what place. — to mo naku, any 

where, wheresoever. — yuhihen^ I wonder 

where he has gone. 
tiDZKATA, A'fij^, IrF :frj (Doho, do- 

chira.) adv. Where. 
tiDZKO, or Idzku, AV^ji^ ^S, (Doko.) 

Where. — 7ie mo, every-where. — nite 

mo, in every place, every where. — t^mo 

naku, wheresoever, every place whatever. 

— yori to mo nahi kitarti^ come from 
some place no difference where, or what 
place soever he comes from. Idzku mo 
onaji aki no yugure, autumnal evem'ngs 
are the same every where. Idzku-%oya, 
where ? 

lDZKUMARI,-n^,-^^a, ^x'^-^/l., ^ If, 
i.v. To sit cramped with cold. Sanwi 
kara (dzkumatte oru. 

tiDZKUN-ZO, AV^y /, M, (ddsh'te,) Ex- 
clam. how I why ? — kakusan ya, how can 
he liide it ? 

Idzmi, AViy ^, n. A spring of water. 

Ipzmo, ^^-^7, Jg ^ :fj, v. Wrestling 

Digitized by 


IGA 4 

IHA >! 


in a sitting posture. — wo toiv,^ to wrestle 
wliile sitting. 8yn. szwaki-dzmo. 

tiDZNA, A y-^, IR IK, «. A kind of sor- 
cery or magic. — wo tnzhau^ to practice 

tlDZNA-TSZKAI, >f y-^ ^'t^ t, |J ft ^, W. 
A sorcerer, a magician. 

Idzre, >f yi/, ^jflc^r-AVTiere, what, which, 
who, still, yet, however, at all events. 
Idzre mOy every where, every one, any 
one. Idzre demo yoi, any way will do. 
Idzre m ffM, in every place. Idzre 7iite tnoy 
in any place whatever, or any one what- 
ever, both, either. Idzre sono uchi o mi ni 
JiakarimoihOy however, or at all events I 
shall see you again. — ni aJCte nw yoi mo- 
no de wa fiaiy at all events he is a bad fel- 

Idzru, >f y/t-, same as IderiL Idzru Id. the 
rising sun. 

I-DZTSZ, #y y, ^, 71. A well-crib. 

I-FlJ, A 7 ^ , ^ jg, (hawatta nari.) 
Strange appearance or style of dress. 

I-FUKU, /f 7^, ^ BE, n. Clothing, ap- 
parel. Syn. KIMONO, MESHI-MOXO, 1-9 lid. 

I-FUKUME,-r«,-<a, /f t7^^;i^, b* "^j 
(. r. To tell, explain, or make known so 

_ as fully to understand. 

l'TURASEl,-sz,-sh'ta, 4 1 7 7 ;^ , ?)fe W> 
t. r. To publish, proclaim, or tell all 

I-FUSE,-7-w,-^a, A t7-t/i', "b {^, t.v. To 
defeat in an argument, to vanquish by 
talking, to talk down. 

l'¥VsEGi,-gu,-ida, 4 t7 -t /, h" ES? ^•''• 
To talk and defend one's self, to deny, con- 

Iga, /f if, ^l], w. A bur, prickly shell. Ku- 
ri no — , a chesnut-bur. Iga^guri atania^ 
a heml covered with short stitt' hair, like a 
ehesnut bur. 

I-GAI-NAKI,-SHI, A \LifA^^, ^^*f il, 
a. Not worth speaking to, or no use in 
speaking to. — mono dome. 

tlGAKl, Aif^j Kj "• A kind of bam- 
boo basket. Syn. zauu. 

tl-GAKl, Aif^,i% ^, n. A picket-fence 
around a Miya, Syn. midz-kaki. 

||lGAMASE,-?-2t,-^a, A if-^^jv, ^ ^, 
caust. of Igmni. To bend, to crook, to 
make crooked. Hart too — , to bend a pin. 


||lGAMl,-??iM,-?ic/a, A ifJ^j iBi, /.r. Crook- 
ed, bent, (of what should be straight), 
(fig.) depraved. Ilariga iganda, the pin is 
bent. Ki no iganda Kto^ a perverse fellow 

Svn. MAGARL'. 

lGAMi,-mw,-^da, /f ;6^A, Pi|, t. V. To 
snarl, growl, (as a dog,) to caterwaul. 

lGAMi-Ai,-aw,-aY^a, AiJ'iry, P$. ^, 
i. V. To snarl, or growl at each other, to 

IgaTA, a if^-i l§j n, A mould for casting. 
Tama no — , a bullet mould, 

1-gatat,-ki,-shi, A\LififA, M^^ «• 
Hard, or difficult to say or tell, hard to 
utt-er or pronoun ce. 

1-GATAKU, or I-GATO, A\Li3'^^, li Wj 
adv. id. 

I-GE, /f y, ^, n. The steam from 
boiling rice. 

I-GE, /f y, JtU "p. Below, inferior. Kore 
goriigey below this, or after this (in books.) 
Samurai ige no mono, persons below the 
rank of gentry. Syn. shimotszkata, ika, 

Igeta, i^y-^, ^ ^j «• A well-crib. 
Syn. J DOG AW A. 

tl-Gl, ^=¥, J^ -^j Imposing, commanding 
or authoritative appearance, majestic, 
august, princely. — wo ton'-tszkuroy to 
adjust, or put one's self in a dignified pos- 
ture. — tO'to, great majesty. Syn. mottai. 

I-Gl, A ^, ^ ^1 Strange, unusjaal, difier- 
ent. Igi'iiashij nothing unusual, nothing 

IcilRlSZ, 4 =¥ M , C^ 3^ M ^? w- England, 
— 720, English. 

flGlTANAl,-Kl,-5HI, A ^ ^ -^ A , a. Sleepy, 
drowsy. IgitanahUe nehokeru^ to be drows^y 
and stupid. Syn. nkmUgauu. 

I-GIYO, A ^-Vt^, ^ J^, (hawatta hatachi.) 
Strange, unnatural, or monstrous in form, 
(as a person with one eye.) 

I-GO, 4^, jy ^, After this, hereafter, 
henceforth. Kore yori igo, or Kono igo, 
henceforth. Syn. kono xociii, sono no- 
cni, kono-kata. 

fl-GO, #3% ^ ^, n. The game of checkers. 

||I-GUCH1, A /-^y jft #, n. Ilare-lip. 
Syn. jiiT.'^ztJUcni. 

1-Gl'SA, A t/-t^, "s %^y(ha)uishi7iotan€.) 
n. A matter or subject of talk, an occa- 
sion for talk, excuse, pretext. Ano h'to 
no igitsa ga warut hara hara ga tatsZy I am 
angry because what he said was bad. l-gu- 
sa no iane ni nartij to become a subject for 
talk. — ga 7iai, nothing to be said, no 
fault to find. — 7ii szru, to make as a 

Ihai, */\/f , -gt fMf "• A wooden tablet, 
(of the dead.) 

Ihai, ^^\A, ?E ^» "^^ disobey. Shujin 
no %'tszlce wo — szrxi, to disobey the orders 
of a master. Svn. rsoMJKr. 

Digitized by 



IJI 4 


l-HADZSHl.-S2-s/i'^rt, ^f-'sy^, ^ 5h, 
<. V. To miss the target. 

^ r. To fail, or uiiss to tell, fail to guess. 

I-HAGURAKASHl,-6'2j-sA'^a,/f }L^\^^ij^, 
t. r. To turn the conversation to some- 
thing else, to change the subject. 

l-iik'&i-ra-tta^ A t>'\;i-, "g 5i> **•«'• To 
persist in saying, positive, dogmatic and 

Ihen, ^^^, jll ^, Failure, breach of 
promise. Yaksoku wo — szru^ to fail in 
f ulfillhig an agreement. — nakit without 
fail. Syn. tauo, iien-gayejiu, somuke, 


tlHEX, A^y^ ^ ^, Uncommon, unusual, 
strange, extraordmary. — na hoto. 
8yn. k'wai-i. 

tlHO, A^\'^j -H 3^, n, A medical pre- 
scription, or recipe, 

I-HODOKl,-/.-«,-/^«, >f t* K^ W 1i?j t, V, 
To explain, solve, interpret, analyze. 

I-lUE,-r«^j-^«, /f \lA\^)^, '^ A? ^- «'. To 
propose, to oflFcr, to put in an offer or 

tl-Jl, >f :^, ^ :^, (hawatta loto.) Any 
thing strange, unusual, uncommon, or ex- 

Iji, A^', l^f^, n. Spirit, temper. — no 
icarui h'to, a bad tempered person, cross. 
— tco hm^. to be obstinate, cross grained. 
iSyn. Ki, KOKORo. 

Ijl-BAr.i.-n*.-^^«, /f ^'A/i-, ;^ ^ 5|, f.r. 
To be obstinate, head-strong, unyielding". 

Iji-DZKU, A^'^^^, J:Jlfe^, Excited, 
roused to obstinacy. — ni nant^ to be- 
come excited and unyielding, (as in a dis- 
pute.) Syn. uARi-Ai. 

Iji-1J1,-.92>//, >f r ^ 4-', «. r. To fret, to be 
irritiited, peevish. Kodomo ga — , the child 
frets, or is peevish. 

IjlKE,-yw,-/a, A^'^)^, u V. To shrink, 
contract into a smaller compass. Samu- 
hUe ijtkeni, to shrug up with the cold. 
Knno ji tra ijihete dtkita^ this letter is 
written very small. 

IJlME,-r//,-^/, /f+'^/i-, /. r. To bully, 
hector, to treat with insolence, to vex, 
tease, to annoy, to ch.ife. H*towo ijinieru. 
Jmi tco — , 

I-JIN, A l^ y. ^ A? w- A foreigner, a 
strange pereon. 

Ijirashii,-ki, AY^'^A, a. That which 
causes fretting, worry, grief, sorrow, or 

IjlRASHlKU, AYf-y^ adi\ id. ^omou, 
to feel vexed. 

Inm-ru^-tta, A ^;^, 3f , t^- To handle, 

to feel, meddle with, also to oppress, vex, 

tease, to insult. Tanto ymnasan-na, don't 

handle it much. Syn. sainamu. 
IjiRi-DASHi,-5«,-5A'^a, A^^)^^jUv. To 

drive away by persecuting, vexing, or 

I-j5, >f i^-v ♦, J[^ J:, Above, before. Boku- 

ju t'jo, above 60 years. At the end of a 

letter, = this is the end, or conclusion, 

== finis. Chtu yori — no mono^ persons 

above the middle class 
I-JU, #-^:x^, ^ >^, Dwelling, residing, 

living. — szru. 
I-JUTSZ, /r-^^5^, Sm, n. The medical 

I-KA, Aij, J[UT: Below this, from this 

on, henceforth, after this. Chhi i-ka no 

mono, persons below the middle class. 
Ika, A-h, %W.,n. The cuttle-fish. 
Ikabakari, A-h^'^ijy}, in 16F ^,(na^ 

ni hodo ha. ) adv. How much ? how great ? 

very great. — ka ureskt hard, how great 

was his joy ! 
l'KKcm-tsz,-tta, A\Li)^:^, S II, t.v. 

To defeat by talking, to vanquish, beat, 

overcome in argument. 
Ikada, A'h^.^.n.A raft of timber. 
Ikada-SHI, a ij^t^, ^ej, w. A raftsman. 
Ikadeka, AiJTij, #, (dosh'ie.) adv. 

How, why. — kore ni masaru hehi, how 
* can it be better than this? — Bortt koto no 

araUj liow could such a thing be.'* 


Ikadzchi, a ^y-f , g", n. Thunder. 


Ikaga, a ijif', fj} jpj, adv. How, why, 
what ; doubt, hesitation. — shen, or — 
ttaso, what shall I do ? To ni iri kayeru 
mo ikaga nareha, being doubtful about re- 
turning in the night. Kore ua ikaga de 
gozaru, how is this ? Micki tra ikaga de 
gozarimasz, how is the road? Biyonm ho 
yodai wa ikaga, how is the sick-man ? 
Syn. DO, NAM. 

Ikagashii,-ki, Aijift^A, in ^^. a. 
Doubtful, dubious, uncertain. Atnari ika- 
gashii kara itmkimasen, as it in very doubt- 
ful, I shall not do it. Syn. cbotszkanai, 


Ikagashiku, or Ikagashu, AijUf'sy^^ 
fSf in Ji» adi\ idem. 

Ikahodo, A^t>Y% -(Sf g, How much 

aru, how much is there Y — tno naij have 
not much. — hoM wo otte mo dtkinaij hoiv 
much soever I labor, 1 can't do it. 
Syn. DORE-IIODO. na.M-dodo, doko kurai. 

Digitized by 


IKA 4 

IKA /f 


|Ikai, A-hA ^ ^, a. Great, big; mucb. - — 
koto am J have a great many. — tatvake 
mon da, a great dunce. — o sewa ni nari- 
mash'ta. I have given you much trouble. 
Sjn. 6k[. tak'san. 

tl-KAl, i^ijA, Hl Pgf, w. Rank, giades. 
— too szszmuy to rise in rank. — wo sada- 
merUy to fix the number and order of ranks. 
Syn. KUBAr. 

lKAKE,-?n4,-^a, Aij^f^y^ #j<-v. To 
repair castings. Nahe wo — , to m6nd a 

I-KAKE,-rt/-/a, A tTtr^/i', b"^, U. To 
charge with, to bhime, or accuse falsely, 
to begin to say and suddenly leave off. 

Ikakeya, 4 t!^ ^-V, IP ;§, n. A tinker, a 
repairer of utensils made of cast metal. 

t V, To conceal, or cover over by talking, 
to palliate. 
;|Ikameshu,-ki, Aij/'yA, ^ J^, a. 
Having a stern, severe, or austere ap- 
pearance. — ids-taehty clothed in armor 
and having a savage appearance. 


Ikameshiku, or Ikameshu, Ai^^^-yi^, 
^ J^, adc. idem. 

Ikamonogui, Aij^/^Aj jpf ^ Pt, n. 
One who dares eat any thing, poison or 
not. Syn. aku-jiki. 

tiKAN, 4^y, ia\ ivij adv. of interroga- 
tion, or doubt,=How, what — to szru, 
what shall I do ? — to mo szru koto naskt, 
do a? I may, nothing could be done. Ko- 
re wo than to mo szhekaradz, I cannot pos- 
sibly do this ; cannot in any way do this. 
Jkati to narehoy for what reason, why, 
whereof. Jhati zo yiJcu hehn, how can I 
go? Syn. NAZE, dosii'te, dOmo. 

Ikanaru, /( ^-^/u, jua ^, a. What kind, 
vrhat manner. JKore tea — furumai zo ya^ 
what kind of conduct is this? — h'toja, 
wliat kind of a man? Kh/o wa — Held m- 
chi zo, why should this be such a lucky 
day? Syn. dono-yo na, donxa. 

Ikanarbba, A-h-^iy^"^, same as Ikan to 
nareha. Why, for what purpose, where- 
fore, for what reason, how is it that. 

I-KANE,-r?e,-^rt, /f k757^;i-, "if 1^, i.v. 
Don't like to say, dislike to tell, hard to 

Ikani, a ij^.,-^ ^j pro, or adv. of inter- 
rogation, or doubt. How, what. — shen, 
what shall I do ? Kimi wo ihani tahahiri 
nasan, how can I deceive my master? Ika- 
ni mo yoiy any way will do. Ikaniya, how 
is it ? Syn. dosu'te. 

Ikanobori, 4 ^ y 'J: V , |S ]^, w. A kite. 

— wo ageru^ to fly a kite. Syn. tako. 
Ikarase,-?-«,-<«, /f ^ ^ -fe ;U, ^ ^, 

caust. of Ikari, To make angry 
Ikareuu, a ■h\yj\-j ^, a. Angiy. — gan- 

shokuy angry countenance. 
lKARE,-r?^-^a, A ijx^f^j fxi poten. oi'Iku. 

To go. — 7/ at, can't go, can't be done. 
IkarI; a -h ^) , {^, n. An anchor. — wo 

orosz^ to cast anchor. — wn ageru, to 

heave up the anchor. 
|llKARl,-rw,-6r^^a, A -fyf^, ^, 1. 1\ To be 

angry. Ikatte mono wo iu, to talk in anger. 


lKARl,-rii,-a<^a, A ij/^, fg, i. r. To be 
put in water and kept alive (as a flower.) 
Kono hana wa yohu ikari'masKta, this 
flower (in water,) has kept well. 

Ikari, A-h\} , ^, n. Anger. — wo ohosz^ 
to excite anger. — wo fuhimu^ to look 
angry. — wo nadameru, to soothe anger. 
Syn. HARABAcni. 

IkasaMA, a ij-^-^, ^ ^, adv. How, in 
what way, but in coll. used in expressing 
surprise or assent to what another says. 
= Indeed, truly. — so de gorzarimasho, 
yes 1 it is so. Syn. gkni, naru-hodo. 

lKASE.-rM,-^ft, Aij'tfi', ^ ^, caust. 
of Ihu^ used in com. coll. for Yukaseru. 
To make to go, let go, to send. Ikasate 
hidasare, let me go. HHo wo Yedo ye — , 
to send a man to Yedo. 

lKA^n\,-sz,-slLta, Aij^y fg, t. v. To 
restore to life, revive, to let live. Shim 
kakaita hHo wo hiszri de ihasz, to revive one dead with medicine. Jshi wo ika- 
shite iszkau, to use stones (in a garden) .so 
as to add to its beauty. Kaiie wo ikashHe 
tszkaUj to spend money usefully. Tori wo 
ikasKte oku, let the bird live. 

l-KASZME,-n/H", A\LJj^;^}\^y "s ^, 
t. V. To hide, or conceal, to obfuscate, 
or obscure by telling. 

I-KATA, At-h^y "bv^)^^- Any tiling said, 

— ga nai, nothing can be said. Nan to 
demo — ga ant, somethiug may be said, 
no matter what. 

l-KATAME,-rw,-^a, A\Lij^;^f^y 5: ^, 
t. V. To confirm, to strengthen, to prom- 
ise. Chikatte yahijo tco — , to confirm 
a promise with an oath. 

1-KATSZ, A \Lij')^y See J-kachi. 

IkatSZ1,-KI,-shi, Aij-yA, a. Violent, 
fierce, angry, rough in manner, severe, 

— h'tOy a person rough in manner. 


Ikatszgamashii,-ki, a -h yif-^-yA , «, 
In an angry, violent, or boisterous manner. 

Digitized by 





IkaTSZGAMASHIKU, a ij '^if-^l/^, adv. id. 
Ikatszku, Aij):^^y adv. See Ikaiszf. — 
mono wo iu. 

t. V. To speak with, or make a verbal 

I-KAYE,-7-?^,-j5a, /f t*^;i^, -g*^, i.v. To 
take back what one has said, retract, 

I-KAYE8Hl.-5^,-sA'^a, 4ij^^j ^f ^, 
t. V. To shoot back. Ta wo — , to shoot 
an arrow back. 

I'KAYEsm -sz,-sh'ta, ^ t*^;^, "g ^j 
f. V. To say back, to retort, 

Ika-y6, W ^-Vt^, ]j(p ^ ^, adv. IIow, 
in what way. — de mo yoroshJ, anyhow 
will do. — na koto nite mo, in any affair 
whatever. Syn. donoy5. 

Ike, A^,fil,n. A pond. 

lKE,-ru,-ta, 4 >5r;w, fg, or ^, t v. To 
keep alive. liana wo — , to put flowers 
in water so as to keep them alive, Saka- 
na wo — , to keep fish alive by putting 
them in a basket iu the water. 

lKE,-rw,-^a, A ^Ji^, :g, t. V. To bury in 
the ground, to plant. Gomi wo tszchi ni 
— , to bury litter in the ground. J/ashira 
wo —, to set up, or plant a post. Ilalca 
ni — , to bury in the grave. J7i' wo — , 
to cover fire with ashes. Syn. udzmeru. 

lKE,-rw,-^a, /( >*r ;i., pj* ;fj, Potent, of Iku, 
(com, coll. for Yiikeru.) can go. Ko?io mi- 
chi wa ikeru ha, is this road passable ? 
Kon-nichi Yedo ye ikeni ka^ can you go to 
Yedo to day ? 

Ike-BANA, a >^^^^, \^ :j!g, n. A flower 
kept alive by putting in water. 

lKEDORl,-rw,-^j:a, A ^ K;u, ^ tij t. r. 
To take alive, take prisoner. HHo wo — , 
to take a man prisoner. Sh'ka wo — , to 
catch deer alive 

Ike-GAKI, A^^'^, ^ +f, 7i. A live 

Ike-mori, A^^\),ff^^,n. A kind of 
food made of raw fish. 

I-KEN, A ^ y, ^ ^, n. Counsel, advice, 
opinion, judgment, admonition, reproof. — 
wo szru, to counsel, admonish. — wo hi- 
wayeru, to give one's opinion, or advice. 
— wo moc/itdz, not to follow advice. 
Syn. ISAMK. 

iKENAl, -^ ^-h^ , ;f rT fr, (neg. of Iku, 
to go.) Cannot go, used in com. coll. in 
the sense of, of no use, bad, won't do, 
can't do. Kono fade — , this pen is bad, 
of no use. — kara sztete-okure, as it will 
not do, llirow it away. — koto ivo sJita^ I 

have committed a gi'eat blunder. Otenki 
ga warukxdte ilcenai, the weather is bad 
and unfavorable. Ambai ga warukutte 
i'kemasen, I am so unwell I can't do my 
work. Kono uchiwa ikenakwnatta^ this 
fan is done for, or no longer fit to use. 

Ikengamashii,-ki,-ku, a ^ yff-^-yA ,^ 
^ m;. In the manner of advice, or admo- 
nition. Amari — koto wo iu na, don't be 
always speaking your advice, or I want 
none of your advice. 

Ikeniye, a ^^-^y i^, n. Animal sacrifices. 

— wo ageru^ to offer an animal in sacrifice. 
H to wo — ni ag&ru^ to offer a human 
sacrifice. II*to no kawari ni — wo ageru, 
to offer an animal in sacrifice instead of a 
man. Uto no tame ni — ni nam, to be a 
sacrifice for man. 

Ikesz, a ^ ^, ^ :^, n. A basket in which 

fish are kept alive. 
I'KESni, -sz,-sh'ta, A ^l^t ^, "^ i^, t. r. 

To deny, contradict. JS^to no hanashi wo 

— , to contradict what another has said. 
Iki, a =lr, ,^.> yi« The breath. — wo szru, to 

breathe. — wo hiku, to draw in the breath. 

— wofuki-dasz, to blow out the breath. — 
wo fukikayesz, to begin to breathe again 
(after suspended animation.) — wo nonde 
n^kii, to cry holding the breath. — wo 
tszkus to sigh. — wo hitte kuru, to come 
out of breath. — ga tayeni, stopped 
breathing. — ga kireru, to be out of 
breath, short winded. — wo isznierv^ to 
hold the breath. — no ne wo tomeru, (fig.) 
to cut off the head. — ga Jiadzmu, to catch 
the breath. 

Iki, A^y n. Elegant, stylish, genteel, re- 
fined. Ano onna — da. — ni fiatta. — 
demo yabo demo kamawa nai. 

lK\,-ru,-ta, A ^f/^, ^,i*v. To be alive, to 
live. Iklteoru, living Ikita sakana, live 
fish. Xaga-ih\ long life. Iki nagara jigokn 
ye ochiru, to go to hell alive. Senjo kara 
ikite kayeru, to return alive from battle. 

Iki, -ku,-tta, A ^ , ^, i.v. (Com. coll. for 
yuka.) to go. Itte mo i, you had better 
go. Ka7ia.gawa ye itte hiru, to go and 
come back from Kanagawa. Itte totte koi^ 
go and bring. Yedo ye itta toki, when I 
went to Yedo. Itte mirUy to go and see. 
H'fori iki-masho, I will go alone. Omage 
Yedo ye ikela tanomitai, if you go to Yedo 
I have a favor to ask. Iku ha ikanu ka 
skirimasen, 1 dont know whether I shall 
go or not. Syn. mairtj. 

IkidAWA.SH1j-KI, a ^^'V-y^'i (f- Having 
a diflSculty in breaking. 

Ikidawashiku, a ^^'V'yf : adv. id. 

Digitized by 


IKI /t 

IKK ^ 


tlKlD6Rl,-7-M,-«a, 4 ^ K^w^, i% i.v. To 
be angry, to be in a passioo, exasperated, 
enraged,. incensed, irritated. Syn. uara- 


Ikidori, W ^ K^^ i; , ^g, w. Anger, resent- 
ment. — wofukumuy to feel angry. 

Iki-DZKAI, ^^ViJ'i, ^'Mj n- liespira- 
tion, breathing. — ga am, breathing is 
hard, or loud. — wo shHe hihase-nasare, let 
me listen to your breathing. 

Iki-dzyb, a d|r^/x, ,|, jg;, w. The staff 
«irried by chair bearers to rest the chair 
on when stopping. 

IKIGAKE-Nl, A^if^=-,^^, adv. While 
going, while on the way. — yoUehudnsare^ 
call while you are going. Kanagawa ye 
ikigake ni unjo-sho ye yoru^ when you are 
going to Kanagawa stop at the Custom- 

IKI-GIRE, A^^iy, ,g. •©, Hard breathing, 
short-breathing, out of breath. — ga azru, 
to breathe with difficulty. 

iKl-Jl, A^^j-^^ijlyn. Passion, irrita- 
tion, excitement, temper, (same Skslfi.) — 
ICO haru^ to show bad temper, or obstina- 
cy. — ni nam, to become irritated, in a 

I-KiKASHl,-52,-s/i'^a, /f h * 75? ;^ , "g ^, 
i.v. To tell, inform. 

lKi-KAYK,-ru,-4a, yi ^tij^ft^, jg, t r. To 
revive, come to life again. Syn. yomi- 

Iki-kusai,-KI, A^^-^A, ^.^,a. Hav- 
ing a foul breath. — Kto^ a person with a 
foul breath. 

Ikikusaku, A^^-^^,adv. idem. 

lKiMAKl,-Z:2«,-iYa, A^^^, ,|, ^, iv. 
To be out of breath, to breathe hard, 
or pant, (as an angry person). Ikiniakite 
araku nonoshiru, breathing hard he scold- 
ed violently. 

Ikimi, a ^l , ^ ^j w- Straining, ur- 
gent desire to go to stool or to urinate, 
tenesmus ; bearing down pains of laboi . 
— ga kuru, the pains have come on. 

lK\m,-mu,-nda, AA:J^, ^ ^, ^f. To 
strain, press, or bear down, (at stool, or 
in labor). jBTo wo umu ni ihimu. Ikinde 
dcdheji wo szru. 

tiKlMlTAMA, ^ =¥ ^ ^ -e, ^ ^ i5|, 7?. The 
Bon festival. 

Iki-NA, a ^^-^, :;t ^, a. Lively, gay, 
stylish, tasty, elegant, refined. — koye, 
lively voice. — onnay a stylish woman. 
Syn. FURitr, szina. 

lKl-NAGARAYE,-rtf,-^a, A ^-^ff^^fi-, :^ 
f^, i.v. Living, whilst living, during life. 

— te oru uchi ninozomi ga togetai^ as long 
as one lives he has hope. Syn. zonmki. 
Ikioi, /f ^^* t, ^, n. Power, force, mo- 
mentum, strength, authority, might, in- 
fluence, business, trade. — no tszyoi Kto, 
a man of great power, or authority. Ya 
no — , the force of an arrow, l^ama no 
— , the force of a ball. Ito no — ga yoi^ 
the trade in silk is active. Syn. kkni, 


lKlRE,-rw,-fa, A^\yji^, JS, m'. To be 
very hot and close, sultry. Hidoi ikire de 
gozarima^, it is very hot. Kma-ihire^ the 
odor of hot grass. Syn. musui-atszi. 

Iki-riyo, /( :^ y ^ ^, ^ ®, m. The ghost 
of a living person. — ga tori-tszita, be- 
witched, or smitten by some one living. 
The opposite of Shiriyo. 

Iki-seki-to, A^^^y, adv. Hurried 
breathing, panting, blowing. — tachikaye- 
ruy come panting back. 

Iki-szgi, A^^^j ^ iS, n. One who 
makes a show of knowing or doing what he 
knows nothing about, a pretender, braggart. 


iKl-UTSZSHl, A^^':^y, ^ % n. Life 
like, or exact resemblance. 

I-KlWAME,-rw,-^a, Ah^^\/}i^, -^ %, 
t,v. To settle, decide. 

||lKIYAKU,-52!r7^, ##^^, ^ ^, To be 
troubled, annoyed. 

iKl-ZASHl, A^^'l^j^M^n- The breath- 
ing, respiration. 

Ikka, A^ijy ^ B, (contraction of Iku- 
ha). What day ? Kon-nichi wa ikka, what 
day of the month is this? Ikka me ni ka- 
yerimasz ka, on what day will you return? 
Mo ikka tatte kimasho ka, in how many 
days will you come? 

Ikka, A ":^i3j "^ ?^, One load, (for a 
man). — no nt, one load of goods. — 
no hakohi'chin wa ikura^ what is the charge 
for carrying one load ? 

Ikkado, a ':^i]'Yj — 1^, adv. Especial, 
particular, cliiefest. most eminent. — ho- 
jieotte koshirayeruj I have taken particular 
pains to make this. — 7io hHo^ the most 
eminent person. Syn. u'to-kiava. 

Ikki, a ':^^, —^ ^, n* A revolt, mob, 
insurrection. — wo okosz, to excite a re- 
volt. — ga okoru, there is a mob. 
Syn. totO, ii5ki. 

tiKKIYO, A ^y^^y —^ 9^j adv. One effort, 
one blow, one charge. Tadd — ni seme- 
yakmi, to defeat with only one charge. 
Ku7n no anki kono — m an^ the safety of 
the country depends on this effort. 

Digitized by 



IKU /f 

IMA /f 

flKKlYd, /t ^;^:¥3^, — ft, w. A pleasant 
time, frolic, diversion. — wo moyosz^ to 
get up a frolic. 

Ikk5, /f ^y ^ ^5 -— |pJ, adv. With a nega- 
tive verb, ==not at all. — zonjtmasen, don't 
know. Ano h'to — miyenai, he is not to 
be seen. Syn. sappari. 

Iko, Aij^, ^ ^, (dubitative form of 
lieu), = I think, or desire to go. — to 
omotemo hima ga naiy I thought of going 
but had no time. 

Iko, >f 37, f^C, See Ihot. 

Iko, ^ij^y ^ i^, n, A rack or stand 
for hanging clothes on. 

I-KO, #^ 7 ^, ^ %,n. Power, authori- 

tlKOi,-d,-o^a, /f 3 7 , ^, iv. To rest. 
Iho koto atawadzy cannot rest. 
Syn- YASZMU, kiu-soku szrtj. 

l-KOME,-'rw,-^a, 'i t3>;u, -g H, tx\ To 
put to silence, to shut the mouth of an- 
other, to defeat by talking. 

I-KON, #3^^, 3Jj 'IS, (nokoru urami). 
Malice, resentment, or ill-will. — wofu- 
kumiij to feel malice. 

I-KOROSHl,-6'2,-sA'^a, ^ 3 ^ -^ , # ^, «*-«^- 
To shoot and kill, to kill with an arrow. 

tiKOWASHlMU, /( 3>»s5^i*, ^ ffc, caust. of 
Ikoi^ cause or let rest. 

Iku, /f ^ , see Iki\ to go. 

Iku, /( ^, ^, adv. How many. — do, how 
often? — tabi, how often? — tari^ or — 
nin, how many persons? — ye, how many 
folds, how often? — ka^ or nichi, how 
many days ? — tszki\ — toshiy — yoy — 
asa, — riy how many niila«*? — nian^ how 
many myriads? Iku-Jiodo mo nakuj in a 
very short time. Syn. nani. 

tiKUBAKU, ^^^^^, Mitj (nanihodo), 
How much, how many. — mo-nasht, not 
much, or a little while. Syn. ikura. 

I-KUBI, ^^ k', 5t Jg, n. (pig-neck). Sliort- 

IKU-HISASHIKU, ^f^h^^J/^, ^ X, 
adv. A long time, a long time to come. — 
medetaku soi-toge nasare, I wish you much 
liappiness for many yeai-s. 

lKt'JlNAl,-Kl,-SHI, 4^t>/(, a. Devoid 
of spirit, or courage ; weak or craven 

Ikura, A ^7,^^, adv. How much, 
How many. — de gozarimasz ha^ hyw 
much is it ? Nedan wa — , what is the 
price ? Kom hon tea mada ikura mo am, 
have still many of booki^. — de mo 
yoij as many a.s you 
8yn. DOUE-iioDu, nam-iiodo. 

I-KURASHI,-52,-sA'^a, 4 h^y^, "^^y 
t.v. To spend the whole day in talking. 
Oya no koto wo — , to spend the whole 
day in talking about one's pai*ents. 

I-KUR0ME,-rw,-/a, >f t^P>?«;i', -g* ^, 
t.v. To dupe, impose on, deceive bj 
talking. Sagi wo karasz ni ikuromerUy 
(prov.J to talk so as to make white ap- 
pear to be black. 

Ikusa, 4^-^, !p[, «. War, an army. — 
$zru, to wai*, to fight. — wo idomu, 
to make war. — wo idaszy to march out 
an army. — wo hikiyu, to command an 
army. — no dogu, weapons of war. 


IkutsZ, 4^^y,^i^, How many. Xadz 
wa — , what is the number ? how many ? 
Omaye no otoshi wa — , how old are you ? 
Syn. ncURA, namb6 

I-k'wan, ^^Vy,&.% n. Bank, and 

tl-K'WAN, A^V^, R B^, n. The stom- 

Iku-YE-NI-MO, /f ^^:i^, In beseeching, 
imploring, requesting, earnestly, urgently. 
— yoroshiku o tanomi^moshiniasy I urgently 
request you. 

I-MA, #-r, ^ p^, «. A sitting room. 

Ima, A-^y ^y adv. Now, at present, 
modern, — no yo, the present age or 
generation. — yori^ or kara, henceforth, 
after this. — fforo, or — jtbtm, no>v 
at present (indefinite), made, until now 
to this time. Ima ya ima ya to mats^, 
to wait in momentary expectation. — /wa- 
ni, now, presently. Ima-deki^ of modem 

I-MACHl-NO-TSZKI, ^-J'-t/^^,^^^, 
The moon on the 17th day of each month, 
wliieli rises immediately on the setting of 
the sun. 

Imada, a -r^', ^, adv. Yet, still, -^honu., 
not yet come. — konu ftiaye nt, before he 
comes. Wataktishi mo inwda Yokohama 
111 orimaszy I am still living in Yokohama. 
Syn. MADA. 

I-MAGIRASHr,-^Z,-5A7(7, /^ fr ^:? ;i , "g* 
1^. t.v. To speak confusedly so as to 
conceal the truth, to tlind or mystify by 

Ima-imashii,-ki, a ^/f -^fyA , ,g; ,§. fc» 
a. Unlucky, disagreeable, annoying, pro- 
voking. — koto wo iu fuiy don't speak of 
any thing disagreeable, or unlucky. 
8yne. iya-na, ftj-kitsz-na. 

Imaimashiku. At a -^-y^yadv. id. 

l-MAKE,-rw,-^a, A h^^'S "i" ^, t. r. 
To be defeated, or vanquislied in talking. 

Digitized by 


1MB /f 



Imamekashii,-ki,-ku, ^^;^'hy^, ^ 
ij^, Being in modern style, or like pres- 
ent custom. Syn. iM.vy5, t6-sbi. 

Imasara, A-^-^9, ^ M, adv. Now at 
last, now after bo long a time. — so tea 
i-%care-naiy it is too late to gay it now. — 
hole wed sKU mo oyohanau it is now too 
late to confess. — riyo-ji bKU naorimasen, 
no treatment will now be of any use. 

tlMASHi,-«2,-sA'^a, A^^^ ^y /.r. Tobe, 
to dwell, (used only of gods, or superior 
beings.) Kami %ca ten ni tma^z, God is in 
heaven. Syn. owashimas. 

I-MASHi,-sz,-sA'^a, ^-^y, ^, i.v. (/, to 
be, dwell, and masz honorific). Dcmna 
wa uchi ni imasz Ica^ is your master at 
home ? Namhan ni i-masz koy what is 
the number of your house ? I-miai^^ is 
not at home. Syn. oru. 

tlMASHl, A •^^'j ^, pro. You. 

Imashigata, A-^-yif^, ^ ij^ adv. Just 
now, a moment ago. Syn. senkoku. 

lMASHlME,-r2*,-^a, A -^i^/jV^ Jg, Uff. To 
admonish, caution, counsel, to warn ; to 
threaten, to reprove, to punish, to correct, 
chastise. Kodomo wo — , to instruct a child 
in the right way. Toga-nin wo — , to pun- 
ish a criminal. 

Imashime, a -^ *y :^ ^ 51^, n. Instruction, 
admonition, caution, counsel, warning, 
correction, punishment, reproof, prohibi- 
tion. Kami hotohe no — , the correction 
or chastisement of the gods. — no naicoy 
the cord with which criminals are bound. 
mdoi — w (TM, to get severely punished. 
Syn. SHI-OKI, korashimk. 

flMASHiWA, A^t^^\y ^, Now, (poet. 

Lmawa, >fT/N, 5^^, (maUzgo.) The 
end of life, the time of death. — no kiwa^ 
article of death. — no (oki. idem. 
Syn. Rix-ju. 

tlMAWASHii,-KI, A -r?\t^A , Disagreeable, 
odious, dreadful, unlucky. 

tlMAWASHlKU, A T /\ 5>' ^, adv. idem. 

I-MAWASH1,-52,~«A7«, A }L^^sz,-^ ^y 

Lv. To handle a subject sidl fully ; to use 
circumlocution so as to soften an unpleas- 
ant subject. 

tiMA-YO, A-^^^j ^ ^, n. A song cur- 
rent at any particular age, also, the pres- 
ent style. — ico ulau, — szgata, the pres- 
ent style of dress. 

Im-bAN, a y^^y, p|J fij, n. A seal, stamp. 
Syn. HAN-KO, I.\-giyO. 

flM-BO, A y-H'^y 1^ %, n. Secret intrigue, 
secret conspiracy. — wo Lncadat^m. 


tiM-BON, Ay^^y^ j[$ JE> '^^ commit 
adultery, (used generally of Bud. priests.) 

Imb, /( ^ , ^, n. A dream, same as Yunif. 

lMl,-mw,-7irfa, >l>, ^gl, tv. To have a 
superstitious dread of, to fear, shun, dis- 
like. Shinda mono wo miru wo imny to 
have a superstitious dread of seeing a 
dead body. Kegare wo — , to shun any 
unclean thing. Kono Icuszri wa Jtarami- 
onna ni imu beshi. Syn. kirau. 

Imi, a I , >§l, n. The mourning on the death 
of a relative. — ga hakaru^ to be in 
mourning. — ga akefa, the period of 
mourning is ended. Chichi no imiy mourn- 
ing on the death of a father. — no iichiy 
during the time of mourning. 

Imi, a I y i^\^y 71. Cleaning, sentiment, 
sense, significance. — no fkai kotOy an 
affair of deep significance. Nani ka imi 
no aru kotOy a matter which has some 

Imi-AKE, >f ^ r^j ,& ^, «. The end of 
mourning. — ni naru, 

Imi-buku, a iT^y >& flU, n. The period 
of mourning. — ga kakari kami ye mat- 
rarenuj during the period of mourning wo 
must not visit the miya» 

1|Imi-gomen, y\ I or/ ;/, ,§• ^ ^, n. Ex- 
cused from mourning (by a prince, in 
order to attend to one's duty.) — wo 
osetszkerarerUj to be excused from, &c. 

tlMlJll,-Ki,-KU,-u, A lyAy (Used as a 
superlative,) very, in a high degree. Jmiju 
inizorefuru go, a very sleety night. Imiju 
iiresht, very sad. On keshiki no imijiki wo 
mi'tatematszreba, when he sees your ex- 
cellency's sternness. Onna mo ito imiji to 
ini'tatematszrite^ the woman also appear- 
ed exceedingly beautiful. 

lMi-KiRAi,-a«,-a«a, Ax^^7y ^.^y 
t, V. To dislike, regard with aversion or 

Pmi-mono, At^/y ,gl ^, w. Things 
which one avoids or abstains from, for- 
bidden things. Syn. kim-motsz. 

Imina, >f 5 -^, 1^, n. The name of a person, 
the mention of which is avoided. 

tl-MlYO, A l^i7y ^ ^y Another or dif- 
ferent name for any thing. 

tiM-MOK, A y^yy ^f^y n. The vulva. 
Syn. oMANKo. 

Im-motsz, a y^'^y ^ l^yn.A present. 

Imo, a ^y ^, n. An edible root, potato. 
Satszma imo, sweet potato. Jangatara' 
imo, common potato. Sato-imo, the Taro. 
Yama no imo^ or Xaqai-imo^ a kind of 
Ions: edible root. 

Digitized by 



INA /f 

INC /f 

Imo-GARA, 4 ^;«f'^, ^ ^, n. The stems 

of the Taro plant. S}ti. dziki. 
Imoji, 4 ^^, ^g, Ccoll. for Yumoju) w. The 

cloth worn around the waist, (Fundoshi.) 
iMOJr, /f^i?, same as /mowo*^/. 
Imomushi, A^J^i^,^ li^, n. The large 

pxeen catei-pillars found on the Tai-o 

Imono, 'f ^ /, i8 $^, «. Articles made by 

Imonoshi, A^/'y,^!ffl$i,n.A founder, 

caster of metal utensils 
Imori, 4^^)y^^,n. A kind of water 


tl MOSE, / ^ * , j^ 51, (f¥u ) Husband 
and wife. — no hatanie. 

Im5to, ^ ^^ h , ^, w. Younger sister. — 
miiko, the husband of a younger sister. 

tiM-POX, Ayif.y, p|] 7|i, w. A printed 
book. 8yn. ham-pon. 

Im-pu, Ay/j J$ ^, n. An adulterous 
woman. Syn. inran no onna. 

tiN, #;^,^, w. A rhyming syllable. — 
tcofuTmij to rhyme. — tro (sz^ij to match 
a woi-d so as to rhyme. 

tiN, /f y, p[J, n. A stamp, seal. — icoosz, 
to fix a seal, to stamp. Syn, han. 

tiN, y\ y, |[$, n. Licentiousness, lewdness. 
— tro lionomu, 

tiN, ^y, ^, n, A Buddhist temple, ap- 
plied also to the residence of the Kuge 
and of a retired Emperor, to a school 
house, court house, or government office. 

I^> ^ ^j P(I' ''• A kind of magic ceremony 
pel-formed by folding the hands in various 
ways and praying, used by the sect of 
Shingon, and Yama-bushi. — wo muszbu, 
to perform the above incantation. 

In, /f .y, ^, n. The female principle of 
Chinese philosophy. 

I^'A, 4 -^, ^ ;i ,«, w. A kind of river 
fish, said to be the young of the Bora. 

tiNA, /f -^, -^, adv. No, not so, a negative 
particle. — to m, said no. Syn. iye, 


I-NA, or I-NARU, >f -^, ^, a. Different, 
strange, extraordinary, wonderful. — ko- 
to wo m, to tell of something extraordi- 


Inabikari, /l-hk'^i;, ^, 71. Lightning. 
Syn. iNAbZMA, denk'wa. 

Inada, W-^^, in, n. A kind of mackerel. 

I-NADAME,-rw,-/a, /f h-h^'^^i/i-, •§* ^, 
f.v. To soothe, pacify. 

1-NADZKE, ^ h-^y>^, If j^, n. Betroth- 
ing, espousing. — wo azfUy to betroth. 

I-NADZKE,-nf,-^a, A h-^y^;^, |f jg, 
t. V. To betroth, to promise in marriage- 

Inadmza, /f-^y^, ^ ^, n. Lightning. 

Inago, ^-^3'J i^, n. A locust. 

lNAJiMi,-7;i«^,-7ida, #-h-?A, Jg mi 1^, 
t . r. To become used to living in, to be at 
home in, or accustomed to a place. 


Inaka, #-^75?, H ^,«. Any place away 
from the capital, country. — ni oru^ to 
live in the country. — monoj a country- 
man. — fUy country style, (of dress, or 
manner.) — kusai, boorish, rustic 
Syn. DEx-SHA. 

tIxAMl,-?ni/,-nc?a, ^-h^jj^, t.v. To de- 
cline, refuse. Kitni no ose inami-gataha^ 
I cannot i-efuse to do as my loixl says. 
I^taku tnatnUy finmly decline. 
Syn. ji-TAi szRtJ. 

Ina-mura, >i -hAf , 5^ a, n. Stecks of 

iNANAKl.-iz^-iYa, A-f^^.V^, i.v. To 
neigh. APma ga « — , the horse neighs. 
Syn. ib6. 

I-NAORi,-rw,-^/la, #-h^;u, Jg fi, ^f. 
To change one's seat, or adjust one's self 
in a seat. 

I-NARABF -J?i,-w,da, #-^7r, ^ ?!f, t>. 
To sit in a row. 

I-KARAI,-o,-o^a, >f h-^7 7, "i- tS, t. f. 
To learn to talk. 

I-NARE,-rw.,-^a, #-^w^, ^ glj, t. r. To 
be used to a place,become iamiliar, or ac- 
customed to li^^ng in a place. 

lllNARE,-rw,-^a, /f-M^/u, ^, t.r, Togo, 
leave. K^yahi ga inareta^ the guest has 
left. Syn. yuku, saioj. 

iNARl-SAMA, /f.^y^^^,^:jBp;^, „. The 
god of rice, who employs the fox as his 

I-NASHi,-5z,-c^7i'^a, A t•^;*, ^ j^, t.v. 
To say and make anyihmg different from 
what it is ; to show, represent. Uso wo 
makoto ni — , to make a lie appear to be 
the truth. Arv-koto wo ncn ni — , to rep- 
resent a thing that is, as if it were not. 

Inaya, A-^^, -g, adv. Whether or not; 
how. Yedo ye yuku ya inaya, going to 
Yedo or not. Inaya wo hiktty to inquire 
how he is. — wo mosz, to say whether 
or not. Kilu ya inaya kayetta, scarcely 
waiting to hear, he returned, or he re- 
turned as soon as he heard it. 

Inchin, Ay^y, -gf gg, n. A kind of 

tlNCHl, A y^, S fjl, Same as Ini. 


Digitized by 


INJ /f 

INO 4 


Indg, yfy^^, 51 ^,(michtbili%Jn. Guid- 
ing, showing the way; but commoDly, 
spoken of funeral ceremonies in a temple, 
performed to guide the soul to the other 
world. — ioo walasz^ to perform funeral 
services for a deceased person. 

tlKE,-rtt,-^a, 4 ^;v, ^, i,v. To sleep, 
to be in bed. Syn. neru. 

Ink, 4 :f , Jg, n. Rice in the stalk,— while 
growing ; paddy. — wo ham, to cut, or 
harvest rice. — wo Jcohu^ to thresh rice, 
by drawing it through iron teeth. 

I-NEMURl, #:fAV, ^ g, n. Dozing, 
drowsy, or sleeping while sittmg. — wo 
szruy to sit dozing. 

In-gin, 4y^y,^,1^, Polite, courteous, 
civil, kind. — no aisaiaz, a polite, or 
kind welcome. Itto wo — ni motenasz^ 
to entertain a person handsomely. 
Syn. NENOORO, shin-setsz, tki-nel 

In-g'y6, Ay^^^, pp j^^ n. A seal, 
stamp. Sjm. han, im-ban. 

tiN-GO, >f y=t^ ^ |g, (kakushi kotobaj.n. 
Disguised, secret, or concealed language, 
an enigma. 

Ix-Go, Ay^^,^^,n. The name of a 
temple attached to the name of a deceas- 
ed person. 

In-g'wa, /f y^y, S ^, «• A Bud. word, 
Jn, the deeds of one in a previous state, 
Kwa^ his retribution in this life; also, 
his deeds in this life, and his retribution 
in the next World, commonly used for 
punishment in this life. — no invhiiy re- 
'tribution, or punishment for one's deeds 
in a previous state. — no me ni aun to 
be punished as above. Nan no — de henna 
bird wo szruj what evil have I done that 
I should suffer such trouble? 

tlNi,-nM,-7icfa, A^,^, uv. To go, to 
leave. Syn. yuku. 

tiKl, 4 y^, S ^, (Bud.) The exist- 
ence of Buddhist deities in an inferior 

- state previous to their deification. — 
no toki 

I-N1KU1,-KI,-KU, A \:,r.^ A, -g" ^, 
Hard, difficult, or disagreeable to say. 

tlxiSHi, ppt. oilni, A=-ry,^, ^ yukkhi. 
Gone, past. — toshi^ a past year. 

IsiSHlYE, A -5/^^, -6*, Ancient time, an- 
tiquity. — no h'to, an ancient. — no 
micht, ancient doctrines. — i/otni tszta- 
warn, come down from antiquity. 

flN-JA, A ^i^-v, U^yn. A hermit, re- 

tLv-JI, 4 yi^, M ^y (hahuretahoto).n. 

A concealed, or hidden affair, a secret, 
mystery. — wo abaku, to divulge a se- 

IVJI, Ay ^, PP tt,w. Marbles. — tvo 
utszj to play marbles. 

tiN-Jl, Ayi^, tl ^, n. The last, or 
rhyming syllable in Chinese poetry. 

In-JU, a yz^^, ^ i, «. The superior 
of a monastery, Abbot. 

tiNJU, A y-fJL, ^ ^, (kadz). Number. 
Tawara no — , the number of bags. 

tiN-KA, ^ ^Ttf, PP Pf, «. A graduation, 
or diploma given to a pupil on becoming 
proficient. (Bud.) Syn. men-kiyS. 

In-KAN, Ay^jy, P|I ®, n. The fac- 
simile of a seal shown as a passport, or in 
proof of anything. 

In-KI, Ay^, ^ ^, Gloomy, dull, som. 
bre. — no uchi, a gloomy house. — na 
h*to, a gloomy person. 

In-K-YO, a y^3, 1^ ^^ n. Living in 
retirement or seclusion, retired from busi- 
ness. Ka^iyo wo yudztte — wo szrv^ to 
resign business and retire into private 

In-k'yo, a y^^^,^M, n. Membrum 
virile. Syn. iienoko, mara, chimbo. 

Inko, a y=^, IIIF? ^'- -^ parrot. 
Syn. 0-Jiu. 

tlN-K^WA, A y^7,^ ^X^ n. A kind of 
phosphorescent light, ignis fatuus. 

In'-NEN, a y^y^ S ^, n. (Bud.) Affin- 
niiy in a previous state, according to 
which men are supposed to be punished 
in this life.) = Cause, reason, secret af- 
finity, relation, or connection. Kan no — 
de nanyi shiniast^ what is the cause of this 
affliction ? Do-iu — de ko naita, what is 
the reason of my being in this condition? 
Syn. ixg'wa. 

In-niku, a yr,^, Pin j^^n. The ink used 
for seals. 

tiN-No, A y/^^^jg^, w. The scrotum. 
Syn. KIN. 

IJlNNOKO, A y/z', Coll. for Imigo. 

Inxoko-innoko, a y/^A y/a, The 
name of a song used in hushing children. 

I-NOBE,-rM,-fa, A h/-<;i-, ^ ®, ^r.To 
postpone, to put off, to defer ; to tell, to 
inform. Aaaite made to — . To postpone 
it until day after to-morrow. 

Inochi, A/^, ^, w. Life. — wo taszken(j 
to save life. — wo nohasz^ to prolong life. 

— wo (amoisz, to sustain, or preserve life. 

— wo oshitmi, to be afraid of losing one's 
life. — shiradz, regardless of life, reci;- 
less. — wo szUnty to throw away one's 

Digitized by 



INS 4 

IPP /f 

life, desperate. — no ka^iri^ the end of 
life. — ga cJnjimarH^ life is shortened. — 
tfo nagarayent^ to pass the life, live. — 
tco laheiH^ to risk the life. — nikaharu^ 
to be at the risk of life. Sjii. ju-miyo. 

InoCHI-GAKE, ^ y^;^'^, S d^. Hazard- 
ous, dangerous, perilous. — no Mgotoy 
dangerous work. 

Inochi-OOI, a ;^^A^ Sd"? «• Asking, 
or praying for life. Koro^o to szreba — tco 
szjit^ when thev were about to kill him, 
he prayed fer his life. 

l-K0GAM:,-rM,-^(7, A}L/if\^f^j "e Jfi, 
iJT. To evade, avoid, or escape by saying. 
Xatfgt uro. — 

tiNOKO, #y^ 3, IR ^, H. A pig. 
Syn. BVTA. 

lN0Rl,-r'/.-,7<r, A ^i^j Jif. *>• To pray. 
KoMi'm — ^, to pray to Gixl. Txzjni tea 


InorI, a /Vr W^ ^* Prayer. — tro *rrw. 
to prav. — ga kifa, the praver is answer- 

lNORI-KOROSHl,-.'5x,-^/,7rt, A ^ V 3p^, 

IJl S' '•''• '^^ ^*^^ ^J pr^} t'r, to pray the 

gv>d^ to kill. 
INO-HISHI. #/>^V» 5|f. M, A wild hog. — 

wf:jc/**i, a ferocious s<.'iJit-r. 
tiK-RAKr, Ayf^. J^ K*^ w. Carnal 

r'oa.«urcs> soi: quality. 
tlN'-RAN\ i^-^^^teft. »- Adulury. 

f»>micatii^iu la>civ^ usni^s? — fr», £"■;.*■•..;*. 

foud of ^onery* — *i4i kh*. a lascivijus 

per>^'n, Syn. szkebe. 
ilx-RlTSZ, 4>y '^* ^ f^- w. Musical 

tone- — uro fr.i'*z, — u^'* ,<vV. .v.o'. 
LcRO, i >t»t»., ^ IJ. n, A r.t-t f f snuv! 

boxes carrit^.l ^;;^^t-: iiM fr :u tLo KI;, 

ui*tHl for i^arrxi! ;! lutri'r'.i.os :u. 
+!x-sHlN\ A >>->. ^ f^-. K. Ti.:i: p=. 

Wv>ru, o^r..iii'>iii c,.;U>:., acvMiM, nu-ssu^i-. 


rt* m t: i; :c?. — *>* 




In sHoKr, i > V 3 ^ . i?t ^, 

Dri .k :i:.ii f •^^i, — k^ >. !■> tvM 

wLai o:,o eais aiid urhsk^ 
HN-SHr, { >3. ji, |P^ gj, i fi-h f^ ^..otf.y 
Drink i^ic wh:c. 

tlx-SZI, A y^A,^^:^yn. The semeD. 
tiK-TOKU, Ayy^, 1^.41? Charity, or 
meritorious deeds done in secret. — vo 

Uzmu, Syn. zex-oon. 
tiK-TON, A yy y, J^^y To retire from 

the world, become a recluse. 
Inu, #jr, 7f Jg, neg. of Iru, not in. 

JjiH ha, is he in ? 
Inu, a Jfy ;Jt- "• A dog. Also, J^, one of 

the 12 calender signs. — noko, a pup. 

— ga hoyeru, the dog barks. — no toki, 
8 o'clk atuight- — iM>iato,the W.N.W. 

— ga kami-au^ the dogs fight. — tro 
kfiJii'kakeru^ to set a dog od. 

tiN-u, A y^jl^Wr t»ull and rainy. 
IxUGO. yf^ir, j(^ j^ ^, n. Swelling of 
the lymphatic glands in the armpit, or 
Inu-1, Ajt^^ 1^, f». TheN.W. 
I-yrKK,-r?(.-fa. A t^^;^. "b ift, t. r. 
To get out of, slip out of, or escape by 
i I-xrKi.-i'«,-iVa, Ajf^yM^^ '- r. To 
I shot'l an arrow tbrou gh, pierce by shooting. 
1 IntkorO, a j^^xf. ^ ^. w. A pup. 
; iKCRr, Ajt^. See /ii4*rif. 
' In-TEXj a y^y. See Lm^. 
I Ix-Yo, Ay^^.^\^^ The male and 
■ female, or active ai.d passive principles of 
i.ature, (according to CLinese philosophy ) 
I +Ix-TOKr. A y^^.^^y «- Lascivious 

desires, lust, lew-:. c?c?* 
' Ix-ZEX, A y^y. K ^, »- A writing 
! from a Mikado w:.o ii-s retired from the 
I- Ki,-:-; -:7.7. ^ ttf . "g £, /. r. To 
Itrave wori. iTr.i^j'^'.t-w » ..v kaytntj leav- 
i:'g r::r;iruir*.' fiint.ut:^DS he returned. 
^lO-U -i :^ J . 1^. J*. A hat, Syn. ax. 

To iii j'wie, lay 10 iLc charge of another 

to Kmje w::i:. 
IrrAi, { -''^ i . — |4^. (SeeJKrf/.) Once 

fuil. -V -r c: '', , -1 « W47;\7, it has be- 

c. :iie foli i i waUT. — mt (szgm, pour 

it f lil. 
In EX, i -^^^^ Str^ //'rt- 
IniKi, ^-'i:^, seei/c?, 
1 rr' YO, 4 •* -< ^ , Si«c ir% V. 

Ir;x^N\ i-*:jf:y^ soei/w, 

Siar.wi: r T.i:'r.c ; ii^ : c, by oueV self; iudt- 
f^.dt-: t r: c: tr?^ — *i^ ^ctk, to do 
3U^. y t h ; 1 r ' c-T^ :\ w i: " . • j: x i * k- h cl p o f ct h*drs. 
' IriTKr, i ^--j-^ Six Fflln, 

Digitized by 


IRA /f 

IRI >i 


Ira, >f ^, $!| ^, v. The Nettle. — ni 

sasarefUy stUDg by nettles. 
IfiACHi.-tsZj-ttay A y v', "Sfj t.v. To irri- 
tate, fret» or vex one's self. Ki tco iratsz, 

to be impatient, and fretful. 
lBADACHi,-^«;,-^^a, 4 ^^5^, ^ jjc, t. r. 

Idem. Ki tco . 

Ibadz, >f ^^, /J^ A> Neg. of In. 
Ibai, /(f/f , J[U Jj^j «^t'- After in time; 

since. Kugaisz irai^ since the 9th month. 

Kore yori irai, from this time, henceforth. 
Ira-IRA, A'^A-fy^'^y adv. Pricking, 

irritating, (fig.) peevish, irritable. — szru, 

to prick, irritate, smart 

Sjn. Kusoa-kcsha. 
Iba-irashu,-ki,-ku, A^A-^y^, ^ "^^ 

Having an irritable, peevish, passionate, 
or impatient manner. 

IraKA, 4 -fij, ^, n, A tiled roof. — tco 
narabete ttuhi-tsdzku, the continuous row 
of tiled roofs. 

IramuSHI, ^ f ^^'j JliS llSfj w. A kind of 
caterpillar covered with sharp hairs. 

tiRAN, #f >, ^ jJL, (chigai midaruniy) 
Disputing the validity of a claim or 
title. — tro itt, to dispute, &c. — wa 
not, no flaw in the title, no one to dispute 
or lay in a claim. — tvo mosz mono ichi 
nin mo kore naku soro, there is nobody to 
dispute the claim. 

Ira-NAI, >f •?-^/f , Coll. for Irajiu, nog. of 
/m. — mono, useless things. — kotoba, 
useless words. Kore wa — ka, do you 
want this ? 

Iraneba, >f f ^y<', neg. cond. of 7rw, 
if yon do not go in, if you don't want. — 
Mranu, must go in. — hayeshi-nasare, 
if you don't want it, bring it back. 

lRARE,-rt«,-^«, #^1X71-, ^ ^, pa^?. or 
pot. of Irn. Sen-kohu aszko no uchi ni 
iraremashta, he was in yonder house a few 
minutes ago. Kono atszi tokoro ni irareniL, 
1 oonnot live in such a hot place a«^ this. 

lRASSHARI,-rtt,-<^r7, A f l^'y'^J^Ml^Ay 
Polite coll. in speaking to another, either 
in coming, going, entering, or being. (In 
Ycdo coll. this is prononced Irasshaimas.) 
Acfttra ye trassharimasz, go there. Kochira 
ye irassharimnszj come here, or come in 
here. Banna ni kai ni — , master is up 
stairs. Doko ye irasshaimaszy where are 
you going ? 8yn. oide. 

tiRATAKA, Ay^ij, ^1^, w. A kind of 
flat shaped rosary, 

lRAT8ZKI,-/fM,-27a, ^ ^ 5^ ^, =3f ^, 
1. 1?. Excited, irritated, impatient, peevish. 

flRAYE, /f f-^; iSfi, w. Answer, reply, re- 

sponse. — wo szrtty to answer, reply. — 
nashi, no answer. 

tlRAYE,-?-«,-^a, /f -^^/i^, |g, f. r. To an- 
swer, to reply. Syn. kotayerU. 

lRE,-?-2/,-/a, A i>;u, A? '• r- 'To P"* into, 
to place in, take in. To tco fiifokoro ni — , 
put the hand in the bosom, ffako ni — . 
put into a box. Isame wo — , to admonish, 
or acquiesce, consent. Muko %ao — , to 
bring a son in law into one's family by 
marrying t.he daughter. Ftme wo minato 
ni — , to bring a ship into harbor. Nen 
wo — , to pay attention to. Hima wo — , 
to take time. 

lBE,-?-2;,-ffl, >it>A-, ^, i.v. To be parch- 
ed, toasted. Kono mame yoku ire-nuish'ta, 
these beans are well parched. Ki no ireta 
fito^ an impatient person. 

Ireba, a x^^^y A ® > «. Artificial tooth. 

— wo szru^ to put in an artificial tooth. 
Irbba-SHI, a i/^^J^, A ® BiPj w. A den- 

Ibe-bokuro, >fix^^P, n. Small spots 

tattooed in the skin. 
lRE.CHlGAi,-o,-o^a, Axy^iry, A j^ 

t. V. To put in by mistake. 
Ibe-dzmi, a \y^ \ , IJ, n, Marks tattooed 

in the skin of criminals with ink. 
Ire-fuda, a \y7^y A+Lj w.^A written bid 

at an auction, a written proposal, a ballot. 

— wo szru. to put in a written bid. 
Syn. niD-SATSz. 

Ir^-GAMI, A\yifly^,n. False-hair. 

Iregomi, a \yzf \ , A ^» *?• Mixed, jum- 
bled together. — ni szruj to be jumbled 

fl-REl, ff-\^A , ^ ^J, Contrary to custom, 
or usage. Indisposed, unwell. Irei mo 
nakti sh'te iki tayetariy died without ap- 
pearing to be different from his usual state. 

lRE-KAYE,-rw,-^a, A\yi3'^)^y A W*y '•^'• 
To take out and put in, to change the 
contents of any thing. 

Ire-ko, 4 1^3, a -f> A nest, or set of 
boxes, where one tits into another. — 
bashi^ a nest of bowls. 

lRE-KOMI,-??i«,-72fZa, /ft>3>, A fE> 
t. r. To invest, to contribute, as capital in 
trade, to put into. Akinai ni kane yohodo 
ire-konda, invested a great deal of mo- 
ney in trade. 

Ire-me, a \y;^ , ^ li^, n. Artificial eye. 

Ire-mono, Av^^/y \i^y n. A vessel 
for holding any thing. 

lRE-0Ki,-Z:w,-z7a, Ai^-i^y Affit'-^'-^o 
put into, place in and leave. 

\my-m,-tta, A;\^, Ayuv- To go into, 

Digitized by 



IRl 4 

IRO >r 

enter. To use, to want, to need. It/e ni 
iru, to enter the house. Hi ga irti^ the 
8un is setting. Tszki ga ttta, the moon 
has set. Kore wa iru-mono da, I need this. 
£bre wa fian 7ii iru no da, of what use is 
this ? Kore tea irimasen ka, do you want 
this ? Iri-mas^ I want it. 
Syn. HAIRU, Mociiiiau. 

lRl,-7"M,-^^a, A )Vj ^, L V, To parch, roast 
Mame wo — , to parch peas. Cha tco — , 
to fire tea. 

Iri-AI, ^ VTh, \ ^, «. Sundown. — 
fio kane, the bell rung at sundown in 
Buddhist temples. Syn. kurk-gata. 

lRl-CHiGAl,-aw,-^^a, ^y^^7, A ^j 
i. V. To enter and pass each other, to be 
athwart, to pass in entering. Sao ga iri- 
chigatte oru, the poles are crossed. Yubt 
wo — , to place the fingers of one hand be- 
tween those of the other. 

Iri-GOWLE, >( V ^>^ > ^ M: ^ Parched rice. 

Iri-HI, >i V t, a 0> ^- The setting sun. 

IrikA, A\)ij, A ft? w- Expenses, ex- 
penditures^ disbursements — wa nani- 
hodo, what is the amount of expenses ? 
— ga oi, the expenses are great. 
Syn. IRIlO, IRIME, niu-yO, zappi. 

lRl-KAWARI,-rW;-<^«> ^ V ij^^f^j A f^» 
;.!?. To enter in the place of one gone 
out, to take turns in doing. 

Iriko, a V =^,^ f($ ^^n, Bich-de-mer. 

lRl-KOMl,-WM,-wrfa. >i V 3 >, A ^j 
i.y. To enter in. Fune ga minato ni iri- 
konda! the ship has entered the harbor. 

Iri-KUCHI, /f V^-f , A P>«- Entrance, 
door. Syn. nAiRi-oucni. 

lRl-KUMi,-?«M,-7icZa, ^ V ^ -«*, A ^1' '• **• 
To be confused, mixed together, jumbled. 
Machine iye irikunde oru, the houses of 
the town are irregular, or jumbled to- 
gether. Iri-kunda hanashi da, a confused 

uv. Mixed, blended, mingled together, 

Iri-mame, >i\)-T/y j^j; S) w- Parched 

Iri-ME, >f iM, a @j w- Expense, cost, 

disbursement. Kono fmhin no irime wa 

ikura de gozarimasz ka, what was the cost 

of this building? 

Syn. IRI-KA, iRi-yO. 
lRl-MiDARl,-rt^,-«a, ^y) X ^''^, A ftL? 

t.r. To be confused, mixed, jumbled to- 
IrIMUKO, /fV>3, A iW> W. Afeonin 

law who lives in his wife's family. 

tlRlN, 'i V ^> ^ I&5 «• The five relations 
of master and servant, parent and child, 
brethren, husband and wife, and friends. 

Irinabb, a y-h-^, ^ $i$, n. A pan for 

lRi-TSZKE,-rw,-^a, A }) y ^ ;^, ^ ^, 
f.r. To fry, or roast in a pan, until the 
oil or sauce in which a thing is fried is 
dried up, and it sticks to the pan. Saka* 
na wo — . 

lRi-TSZKi,-A;w,-/fa, >fVi5'^, ^^, t.r. 
To be fried or roasted until dry or brown- 
ed. Sakana ga iriUzita, 

Iri-UMI, ^ y ^ ^ , a fftj w. a bay, gulf, 
inlet, arm of the sea. 

Iri-YE, M V n., A jl, w. A bay, inlet, 
or recess in the shore of a river. 

Iri-Yo, >( V 3 i>, a IBi ^- Expense, 
outlay, use. — wa ikura kakari-Tnash'ta, 
what was the expense ? Toki-dohi — no 
monOy an article in frequent use. Kore 
wa nan no — ni szm, of what use is this ? 

Iro, /J "P, (coll. imp. of Ini), Hon wo yon- 
de iroy read your book. Meshi wo tabete 
iroj eat your rice. 

Iro, /f p, ^ Ji[, w. White clothes worn 
by women at fuuenils. 

Iro, /f p, f^,n. Color, (fig.) Appearance, 
sign or semblance, tone, variety. Iro 
nigo shiki an\ there are five kinds of color, 
(viz white, black, red, yellow, green.) — 
ga kawaruy to fade, change color. Kot iro, 
a deep color. Uszi iro, a light color. — 
wo tszkeni, to color. — wo otosz, or — 
wo nukuj to extract the color. — ga sa- 
menty to become lighter in color, to fade. 
Iro wo ageru, to restore the color. Akcn 
iro ni somefa, dyed in red. Kao no iro^ 
the complexion. Jle no irOj color of the 
eyes. — wo ushinoy to lose color, (fig.) to 
be afraid. Osonini iro 7iaku^ no appear- 
ance of fear. Teki wa tnake iro ni natta^ 
the enemy showed signs of giving way. 
Iro wo tadas^tiu, to compose or settle the 
cxj rcssiou of the face. Kane no ne-iro, 
the tone of a bell. II' to no kowa-iro wo 
(szkaUy to imitate the voice of another. 

f Iro, /( ^ 7 , Same as Jroyeru. 

Iro, 4 Vy ^, n. Love, lewdness:, venery, 
a mistress, paramour, lover. — wo szru. 
to have sexual intercourse. — ni narUy to 
be in love ; lust after. — ni fukeruy given 
up to lust. — wokonomu, fond of venerv. 
— ni moisz^ to keep as a mistress. — ga 
aruy to have a lover. 

Iro- AGE, AvrVy ^ t§, n. Restoring a 
color to its original lustre. — wo szru, 

Iro-ai, ^prt, fi tt, n. The colors, 

Digitized by 


IRO 4 

ISA /t 


coloring, appearance. — ga yoi, the co- j 
loring is good. Teki no — wo miruy to see i 
the state, or appearance of the enemy. 

Ibo-banashi, 4 v^^-j-iy, ^ ||f, n. An 
obscene story, a love story. 

lBODORi,-r?^,-<^a, 4 P K/i-, 5g^, t r. To 
paint with a variety of colors. Ye wo — , 
to paint a picture with many colors. 
Syn. S.U-SHIKI szrl^, tbdoru. 

Irodori, 4xyr\),^, n. Painting, color- 
ing. — ga yoi. — wo szru. 

lTiO'DZKl,-ku,-ita, 4v^/^,^^, %, V, 
To become ripe or mature, to put on a 
ripe color. Kaki wa irodsiiay the persim- 
mons have turned yellow. 

Iro-gOTO, Avory^ f^:^^ n. A love 
intrigue, a love affair. 

Iro-GURUF, 4 v^ivA, -g, ^,w. Abandon- 
ed to debauchery, or lewdness. — wo iUte 
kando wo vkeru. 

I-RO-HA, /f "P/N, n. The first three syllables 
of the Japanese syllabary, the A B C, 
the alphabet, the name of a verse com- 
posed of the syllables of the alphabet. 

Iro-IRO, /f p /f p, -g,, Various, many, 
different kinds, diverse. Hon ga — aruy | 
have various kinds of books. — na Icoto 
wo iu^ to speak of many things. 

Syn. SHINA-JINA, SIIC-JlI, sama-zama. 

IroKA, Avij,^^, n. Color and fra- 
grance, beauty and loveliness of women. 
liana no — , the color and fragrance of a 
flower. Tayenaru — , exquisite loveliness. 
— ni mayOy to be fascinated by female 

lROKEDZKI,-/jW,-//a, ^ T» 'jr N/^ , fS ^ p^, 
t*.r. To arrive at the age of puberty. 
Miuzme ga — , 

Iro-kichigai, Av^^if}:., g, ^ ^, 
n. Insanity accompanied with lascivious- 

Iroko, 4 p 3 , S5, «. Dandruff, the scales 
of a fish. Syn. flke. 

Iro-machi, a P-^f , g, BT, 72. Prostitute 

Iromekashu,-ki,-ku,-Uj a V / ijt/ A^ 
j^fe, Having a lascivious appearance, 
having lewd thoughts, or feelings. — mi- 

lROMEKl,-Z:i/,-tVa, Axt/ ^, Lv. To have 
the appearance of defeat (of an army). 
Irotneite miyeru^ to appear lo give way, or 
to suffer defeat. 

•flRON,^ ^ ^, ^ !&> ^. A different opin- 
ion or argument. — wo taterUj to ad- 
vance a different opinion. 

Iro-naoshi, Av-^t^y,^ ]g, w. An en- 

tertainment some two or three days after 
a wedding. 

Ibo-nai, or luo-NO-NAij A p-h^ , ^ -g,, 
witbout a paramour ; cold, not cordial, 
rough in manner, not courteous. 

Irone, /fp^, '& ii"? «. The tone, sound. 
Fuye no — , the tone of a flute. 

flRONE, ^ P ^, 3f£, or jjj^, n. Elder brother 
or sister, (Poet.) 

Iro-ONNA, Av^y-^.^iic.n.A mistress. 

Iro-OTOKO, ^ p 7 h 3, ^ ^, n. A para- 

Ibori, #pi;, Jfe JSt, n, A hearth, or fire- 
place sunk in the middle of a floor. 
Syn. RO, TURCRi. 

flhOTO, Avy^j^, n. Younger sbter, 

Iro-tszya, Av^y^, ^ gg, n. The gloss, 
lustre, brightness, complexion of anything. 
Kao no — ga wanUy your complexion is 

Iru, a ;^, See In, and /, iru. 

I-RUI, A)vA ^ 3^ !Sj Clothing. 

Iruka, Aj^-h^tLMi^' The tunny-fish. 

f Irukase, Af^ij-tj ^^9 Careless, negli- 
gent, inattentive. — ni naru. 

Irumajiki,-ku, Af^-r-^^, \ Fb^ 
Will not need, will not expend. Kotoh 
ni mono wa irumajihi ni naze ichi gon mo 
idasanaij since in speaking you incur no 
expense, why will you not utter a word ? 

Iruru, a ;^;^, See Irem. 

I'BABAKJ, -kUy-ita, A hHf>''f^, "g^ $!l, t.v. 
To unfold, explain, clear up what is ob- 
scure, or difficult. 

ISAGiy01,-Kl,-KU,-SHI, A -^ ^ 3 A , gR, 
Pure, clean, undefiled. — koJcoro, a pure 
heart. Syn. kiyoraka, keppaku, bh0j5. 

ISAGO, A •^=^j ^, n. Sand. Syn. szna. 

ISAi, A-^A, ^ IHj w. The particulars, 
minutiae, minute detail. — iro tw, to tell 
the particulars. — wo kiku, to hear, &c. 

ISAl-Nl, A-^A ^y ^ IBj ^^^- Particularly, 
minutely, circumstantially. 


IsAKAi,-au,-atta, A-^-h7,Mt% «• ^* 
To quarrel, dispute, wrangle, contend. 
F^tari tomo ni isakau koto wa naranu zo 
yoj cease your quarreling. 
Syn. K5-R0N, akasoi, ken-k'wa. 

ISAKAl, ^ -^^^ h, im 1$, w. A quarrel, dis- 
pute, contention. FHari tomo ni — wmyo, 
don't quarrel with each other. Kiyodai 
— wo szruy the brothers quarrel. 

IsAKUSA, A -^ ^ -^j n. Contention, row, 
brawl. — wo iUj to quarrel. 

Digitized by 





t r. To dissuade from ; to cool, or abate 
the desire for any thing. 

ISAMASH1I,-KI, /f^^-^5/^, ^, a. Cour- 
ageous, brave, manly, bold, intrepid; brisk, 
lively, noisy. Syn. yu-ycshii, TAKBsnir. 

IsAMASHlKU, or ISAMASHU, W ^^^5/^ , j|, 
adv, idem. — 7nitjeru. 

ISAMASHlSA, A^-^'y^, ^, n. Bravery 

I-SAMATAGE,-rw,-^a, >j ll-*^•^^ y/^, "h 
|[J, tv. To hinder, obstruct, interfere, or 
prevent by speaking. 

ISAME,-7-w,-«a, A-^/;^, ^, ^.r. To cau- 
tion, remonstrate, or plead with a superior; 
Kimi oya nado wo isameru, to remonstrate 
with one's master or parents. 


l8AMB,-rt«,-^a5 A -*f> ;^, ^„ t-v. To soothe, 
appease, tranquilize, please, (of the gods.) 
Kami wo — , to please the gods. Kami wo 
isanieru szdz no oto^ the soimd of the bell 
which is pleasmg to the gods. 

ISAME, A ■<?■>?' , 1^, w. Remonstrance, cau- 
tion warning, or advice to a superior, — 
wo iru, — - wo kiJcii* 

ISAUi, -mu-iida, >i -<?■>, M> *^"- To be 
bold, courageous, intrepid, fearless. Isande 
teki ni mukOy he boldly faced the enemy. 

IsAMl, /I -y- ^ , 1^ ^, n. A bold, intrepid 
person. Syn. otokodate. 

ISAO, or ISAOSHI, A'^tyyj^.n. Merit; 
great, eminent, or distinguished deeds. — 
no aru h'to, a distinguished man, — wo ta- 
ieru. Syn. KO. 

fIsABAi, A-^fA,^,n.T\ie buttocks. 
Syn. sHiai. 
^ flSABl, /i ^^ V J SI) w. Fishing. — wo szru, 
to fish. 

tISARiBI, A-^^jy^'jM iKj «• A torch used 
in fishing at night. 

flSABl-BUNE, 4 -^^ i; r^, ^ la, w. A fish- 
ing-boat. Syn. BIY0-3EN. 

ISASAKA, 't-^-^*, flU, Small, little, tri- 
fling. — na koto ni liara wo tatsz, to get 
angry for a trifling thing. — 7no nai, not 
the least, by no means. Syn. cnixTO, 


^ Id, adv. Slightly, 


tISASAME, A"^"^/ 
little, temporary. 

1-SASH1,-SZ,-S/V^(7, A ll-*^^, "S . 

leave off talking before one is done, owing 
to some interruption. 
tISE -rW;-^a, A -fe/i^, IH, To sew and 
gather when sewing a long edge to a 

shorter. Iseru tohoro tea not, sewed 
even and smooth without a wrinkle. /«<?- 
nut shi-nai demo yoi^ better sew so as not 
to wrinkle. 
I-SEI, ^*^ , J^ #, «. Power, authority, 
might. — no aru Kto^ a powerful man. — 

— wo katU ibaruj to act arrogantly on an 
assumed authority. Syn. i-k5, ikioi. 

tl-SEl, ^ •fe'f 5 iS ^? Nocturnal emissions- 

— szru. Syn. m6-z5. 

I-SHA, Ay^, ^ My ^' A. physician, 
doctor. — wo yohii. — wo tanomn. — ni 
kaharuj to employ a doctor. Yabu — , a 
quack doctor. 

ISHI, Al/y^Mj n. idem. 

ISHl, A'y^^,n. A stone. — wo Uru, to 
cut a stone. — wo horuy to quarry stone. 

— wo migaku, to polish a stone. — wo 
nagerti^ to throw a stone. 

ISHIBAI, A y^'^A , ^ My ^' ^^™® "^^^ 
of limestone. 

ISHl-BASHI, A t^^^y, S ^y n. Stone- 

ISHI-BIYA, A-yy:^,^ Wi^ty^' A «^- 

ISHl-BOTOKE^ At/^^Y^i ^ %, n, A 
stone idol. 

ISHI-BUMI, A-yTly ^ l^y (seh-ki]) «. A 
stone tablet, or monument bearing an in- 

ISHI-DAK, At^^y,>B My «• ^ sionc 

IsHi-DORo, A'yy^vf;, :b ^^, u, JS. 

stone lamp post. 
ISfll-DZKl, -i ^y +, $f , n. The but end of 

a spear. 
I-SHiDZME,-rw,-^(7, Ay^'y/;^;^, "i* ig, 

t. v. To hush, quiet, still by speaking. 
ISHl-DZMl, /i ^X 5 , ;5 ^, w. Stone-coal, 


IsHi-DZRi, A 'y^ V , S %v '*• ^ y^^^^o- 

graph, a print from stone. 

ISHl-DZYE, At^^X, f^, n. A stone ped- 
estal, a stone foundation. Syn. dodai. 

IsHl-GAKl, A t^if^, S JS» ^- Stone wall. 

ISHl-GAKI, A'yif^^ ^Vty "• ^tone 

ISHI-GURUMA, A'y^)^^j 5 ¥» ^' 0*^- 
a stone waggon) tig. treading on a round 
stone. — ni nori korohu, to fall by tread- 
ing on a round stone. 

ISHiKi, ^y^, ^ M» n. The buttocks. 
Syn. siiiRi. 

IsHi-KlRl, /fi/'^V, Jg X, n. A stone- 

IsiiiKO, A-y=^, ^ ^, n. Stonechips. 

Digitized by 


ISO 4 



tl9HlKI,-KU,-U, yii^^, ^, Good, well. 
(Poet.) Nanji tshiku mairitari, you have 
done well in coming, it is j^ood that you 
have come. Ishiku mo hokoro-dzkitaru mo- 
fio kcma what a mindful pei-son you are ! 
Syn. YOKU-Koso, umakc. 

ISHIKODZME, ^ -Vay^ , ^ -^ ^S?'*- ^^^' 
ing and burying under a pile of stones. 

— fd szru. 

ISHl-MOCHI, >i5^^^, 5 '^ jB^,w. Akind 

of fish, (said to have a stone in it« 

I-SHlRAMASARE,->1f,-fa, A V^ -r-»M>;U, 

^ ^ ^> pass. To be overwhelmed with 

arrows and made to give way. 
I-SHlRAMASHl,-,SZ,-s/i'/a, Al/^^7*^ ^ 

^, ^. f. To overwhelm with arrows, and 

cause the enemy to give way. 
ISHITATAKI, >( S^^ ^ #, ^1 ^1, W- A kind 

of bird. Syn. seki-rei, kiwa-naburi. 
ISHl-USZ, ^ >^^ ;^ , S JS, w- A stone mill, 

also /j5 E3, a stone mortar. 
ISHIYA, A i^-v, ^ X? "• ^ stone cutter, 

stone mason. 
ISHI-YUMI, ^i 5/^ ^ , ^, W. A bow for 

throwing stones, catapult. 
I-SHO, >{ 5^3, Jg §, n. Medical b()ok.>5. 
Ish5, Al^^^,'^%,n Clothes. 

Syn. K151ON0, MEsni-Moxo, i-flku. 
1-SHOKU, /f 2/3^, ^ %^ n. Clothes, and 

food. — mfujif/u tea nai, not easy to pro- 
cure food and clothing. 
I-SHU, Al^^^ ^ ^, w. Hatred, malice, 

enmity, meaning, mind, intention, object, 

— gayeshi wo szrv, to lake vengeance. 

— tvo moshi-noheru, to slate one's inten- 
tion or mind. Syn. shui, omojiuki, imi, 


tiso, 4 y, 5; +, Fifty. (Poet.) Tsoj't) 
fifty years. 

Iso, /f y, ^, w. Sea-shore, sea coast. 
Syn. vmi-bata. 

-j-Iso, /f V ^, ^ ffi? ^i' A strange, or un- 
common physigonomy. 

I-s6, #-»J-^, ^ :fg, Appears to be, 
looks as if there is. Aszko ye — de goza- 
rmasz, I think it is yonder ; looks as if it 
migiit be there. Kiyowa iw/ii — 9ia man 
da^ it is probable he is at home to day. 

Iso-bata, /f y^t^, ^ ^, w. The sea- 

Iso-BE, A y-<, ^ Jf|, n. Idem. 

IsoGASBii,-Ki, A ^/if'yA^ tt, a. Busy, 
actively engaged, doing witn haste, hurry, 
bustling, urgent. Kiyd wa — , I am 
to-day. — sMgotOj urgent business. Ki 
uo — AVo, a person always in a hurry, a 


driving person. Syn. sewasuii, haN. 


tt, ado. Idem. — m, to hurry up 

another. — wat, not busy. 
ISOGASHISA, A y 7>'^'^^, tt, «• The hurry, 

press of business, bustle. Amari — ni 

meshi mo hiwdnai, not able to eat food on 

account of the exceeding press of business. 
IS0GAWASHI1,-K1, AVif^^A-y, Same as 

IsoGl,-^w,-ic7a, A V/, ^ji.r. To hasten, 

to hurry, urgent, presshig- Isoide kuru^ 

come in haste, fsoide sznt, to do in haste. 

Isogimasko. I will hurry. Syn. Kiu-xi, 


Iso-lSO, AvAVj adv. In a quick, hurried 
manner, blithesome, gay. Ki no — sh'ta 

_ h'to, 

I-SOME,-?'i^,-fa, A ty>/v, •g'|lj,f.r. De- 
rived, or coined, (as a word), first spoken, 
to begin to talk. Mono wo — , to begin 
to talk, (as a child). 

I-S0NJiRi,-7-?/,-^a, /f t y ^i?;^, '^^j t.r. 
To mistake in saying, to speak incorrect- 

IsoRO, A-^y^y,^"^ %,n. A hanger- 
on, a dependant. Syn. kakariudo. 

ISSAI, /f ^-*f/i, — -Ij, All, whole. — 
shujo^ all living things. lye no doguissai^ 
all the household furniture. Syn. szbkte, 


IssAKUjiTsz,/f ^;^-9-^i?^;' — B^ H, Day 
before yesterday. Syn. ototoi. 

IssAKUNEN, A ^/■^{^=^y, — H^ ^, Year 
before last. Syn. otodosui. 

ISSAN, A "^-^y, 1^ #, With the utmost 
speed, with a bound. UcH kara — ni 
kakedasz^ he bounded out of the house. 

tIssHi,-«2rw,-^a, A y;^;^, §, f.r. To 
bow. Syn. yeshaku szru. 

IsSHlxV, Al^yy^-- ijji, Whole heart. — 
faran ni ka-giyo wo hagemu, to be entirely 
taken up with one's business. — furan ni 
kami wo ogamu. — wo kormKte inoru, to 
pray with the whole heart 

tlsseiN, A V-yy, — ^, Alone, one per- 
son. — de dckinii koto, a thing which can- 
not be done alone. 

ISSHO-KEMMEl, .^ ^'^^H ^ ^^^ -^ , — j^ Jg 
^, adv. In desperation, disregarding 
safety or danger. — ni tatakau. 

ISSHO-NI, A ^ry^^y — f^y adv. Togeth- 
er, along with, in concert, in company 
with. — yuktf, to go together. Are to kore 
to — szruy do this and that at the same 

Digitized by 




ITA 4 

IsSHO, >f ^;'2^^^, — i^, The whole life. 
— ff^-jiy^i whole life miserable. — no 
atda, during one's life. 
Isso, /( V' y , $j (in comparison). Better, 
rather. Fuchiu na moiio wo yashinoyori 
wa isso inu wo yashinau ho ga yoty better 
nourish a dog than an unfaithful servant. 
Isz, 4 ^, ^y n, A kind of hard wood, of 

which combs are made, also called Yusz. 
Isz, A ^, ^ ^,n. A chair. ^ 
I'SZGi-rUy-ta, /f t-^ ^;^, '^ 5&, / ^ To 
say too much, to blackguard, revile. 
Syn. k*wa-CtOn. 
ISZKA, AMj, RS, n. Akindofbird,a 
crossbill. Omo-koto — no hashi hodo cM- 
l-szTE,-rw,-^a, AY^^rt^y ^ ^' *• **' 
To say and go away, without waiting for 
a reply. Izztete yuhi. 
I-szwARi,-rw,-^^a, A^^\^^, IE, t.v. To 
run aground, to ground. Fum ga iszwa- 
tta, the ship has grounded. 
Ita, 4^, ^, n. A board. — wo hiJcu, 
to saw boards, (make them). — wo hedz- 
rUy to plane boards. — wo harUj to Jay 
boards, to boai-d. Tetsz no tta, sheet 
Ita-bame, 4 ^^"^^y tS M) w. Weather 

board, clapboard. 
Itabashi, /| ^?^y, :fS tij w. A bridge 

of a single board. 
Itabei, ^ ^-<4 , :fH M' ^- ^ board-fence. 
Ita-bisashi. >f ^ h'-^y, :fS ifE> w. A 

board roof over a door, or window. 
Ita-BUKI, A^7*^y tS^i^j^- A board 

or shingle roof. 
lTABURi,-rw,-^to, A^t)^, i'V To op- 
press, maltreat, or wrong, by filching mo- 
ney, to squeeze for money. 
Itachi, >f ^f , ffl ®, n. A weasel. 
iTABAKi-ku.-ita, A^¥^, JS, t'o. To 
put on the head. To receive respectfully. 
Bikin wo — , to put on a cap. Kane wo 
— , to receive money. Chichi no ada ni 
tea toinoni ten wo itadakadz, should not 
live under the same sky with a father's 
murderer. Syn. noseru, sasagtj, cuodai, 
Itadaki, /( ^^#, If, «. The top of the 
head, top, summit. — wo nculeru, to 
smootli or pat the head. Tama iw — , 
the top of a mountain, 
Syn. ciio-jO, zetchO. 
Ita-datame, >f ^^^ ^ , ifS ftj w. A board 

mat, a board floor. 
Itade, A^fy \% ^, n. A wound. — 
wo ukeru, to receive. — ?rn o, (idem ) 
Syn. TEoi. 

1ta-D0, ^ ^ K, :fS P, «. a door made 
of boards. 

Itadori, 4 ^ K V > jfe tt^ ^ -A. kind of 

lTADZGAWA8HIl,-Kl,-KU,-U,-fiA, A 9^^ if 
^\yA , ^, Troublesome, laborious, hard, 
Syne, wadzrawashi, kdko, hone-ori. 

Itadzki, >(^y + , ^5 n. Sickness, afflic- 
tion, labor, hardship, trouble. Niwaka no 

— nite mimaharu, to die with sudden 
sickness. Syn. wadzrai. 

Itadzra, a ^^fj ^y Idle, vain, useless, 
unprofitable, mischievous, indecent, im- 
modest, lewd. — wo szru, to do mischief. 

— mono, a mischievous fellow. — goio^ a 
useless, or indecent matter. 


Itadzra-KI, /f ^y:?:i, ^, adv. Useless- 
ly, vainly, idly, unprofitably. 


Ita-gakoi, A^ff=iA,^RMy^' A fence, 

board enclosure. 
Ita-gami, A^ff^,\R^,n. Paste-board. 
Ita-GANE, a ^ if^y ^^S ^j «• Sheet-metal. 
lTAGARi,-n^,-<^a, A ^ ifi^y ^, t. r. To 

suffer pain, to be in pain. Maiban ita- 

gatte nemasen, he is in such pain every 

night he cannot sleep. 
It AGO, A ^=^,^R^, The deck of a ship. 
1tai,-K1,-KU,-SHI, a \L^Ay Wish to say. 

Ano hto ni Itai hoto yama-yama arti^ I 

have many things I wish to say to him. 

Itahu naiy don't wish to speak. 
ItaT,-KI,-SHI, a ^ Ay ^, a. Painful; 

a superlative, very, excessive, exceedingly 

great. Kidz ga ttai^ the wound is painful 

Me ga — , my eye pains. 
ItaIKE, A^A^y§i ^ i[, Pretty, dar- 

Hug, lovely. — sakari no hoj a darling 

child. Syn. kawairashi. 
|ilTA-lTASHll,-KI,-KU,-U,-SA, AffA^^ 

Ay ^ ^ $C> Distressing, sad, jntiful. 

Ita-JIKI, a ^l^^yltRMi **• Board-floor. 

Itaku, A^^y adv. Painful, severe, (see 
Itai J. — nai, it is not painful. — sMta- 
rareta, severely scolded. Itakute iatnara' 
nai^ it is so painful I cannot bear it. 

I-TAKU, #^/5r ,Jg ^, 91. A dwelling 

Itamashu,-ki,-ku,-¥;-sa, A^^yA, 
^ Hit' Distressing, sad, pitiful, mourn- 
ful. Syn. KANASHI'. 

tlTAMASHiME,-n^,-^a, A^^y//^, ^, 
t.v. To afflict, cause pain, or trouble. 

lTAME,-rt^,-^a, A^J^f^y ^, t.v. To pain, 
afflict, hurt, injure. Mune wo — , to troub- 

Digitized by 



ITO 4 


le, grieve. Kimono wo — , to spoil one's 

Itamb, /f^>, :fS g, n. The curved 
grain, or veins of wood. Syn. masamk. 

Itambgami, >i ^ ^ ^ ^ , >fi» ^, n. Paste- 

lTAMi,-7Wt*,-wrfa, ^ ^>, ^, tv. To pain, 
hurt; also, ^, To injure, damage, hurt, 
spoil, to grieve for. JKidz ga itamu, the 
vround pains. Mune ga — , heart is 
pained. Shmda ICto %co — , to grieve for 
a dead person* Kono daihon ga itanda^ 
this radish is spoiled. Chowan ga itanda, 
the teacup is injured, 


ItAMI, /t ^ ^ , ^, n. Pain, hurt, injury, 
^, grief, sadness. Kunri wo UsJcetareha 
itami ga sarimash^ia, when I applied the 
medicine the pain left. Itami no aru cha- 
wan, a damaged tea cup. Itami no ski, 
mournful poetry, elegy. Mune no itami wo 
naosz hmzri ga nai, there is no modicine 
for a wounded heart. 

lTAMi-iRi,-rtf,-^^a, 4 ^ 5 ^ ;^, * A> ^'-^ 
To feel distressed or pained with a sense 
of obli^ration. Go shifisetsz no ohoshimeshi 
itam-iri taiematszri aoro, I feel greatly 
obliged to you for your kindness. 

l-TA0SEl,-sz,-8h'ta, A}L^7^, "^ -g|, 
t,v. To knock-down by argument, to van- 
quish, defeat by speaking. 

I-TAOSHI,-52,-s/i'^a, ^ ^ 7 ;* , ^ H, t.V. 
To shoot down, kill with an arrow. 

Itaragai, >f ^ ^ ;^/t , ^ ® , n. a kmd of 

lTARASHIME,-r«,-^a, ^^9^/;^^^ M? 
Caust. of liarUy to send, cause to go, or 
arrive at. 

lTARi,-rw,-^^a, >f ^A, ^, {.V, To ai-rive 
at, to reach, to attain, extend to. Tedo ni 
— , to arrive at Yedo. Teii ni — , to reach 
to heaven. Mukashikara ima ni itaru madey 
from ancient times even until now. Kami 
yori shimo ni itaru made, from the highest 
to the lowest, Gdku-mon ni iiatta h'io, a 
man perfect in literary attainments. 

Itari, A^\), ^, «. The utmost extent 
Y&rokobi no — , the utmost joy. JKm no 
— , exceedingly impolite. 

It AS A, /f ^-*^, w. Pain. — wo skinobuy to 
endure pain. 

lTASHl,-6*2,-«/i'^a, A^^,^, t.v. To do. 
Shigoto wo itashimash^taj I have done my 
work. Ita^Kkata ga naiy there is no help 
for it. Do itaahimaslCta what have I done, 
Uied in depreciating one s services wheu 
thanked by another. Syn. szru, nasz. 

I-TATB,-rM,-^a, >f t^ r;i-, W jJC, tv. To 
set-a-going, to get up, to originate, to raise 
(as a report.) 

I-TATE,-7-i^,-^a, /f ^r;^, ^Hi iL, t, V, To 
shoot often and in rapid succession. 

Itatte, A^'^r-i M> <w^<?- Superlatively, 
very, exceedingly. — yoroshii, exceedingly 
good. — Bomuiy very cold. Syn. shiqoku, 


lTAWARi,-rM,-^^a, A^^\)V, ^, tv. To 
pity, to feel a tender concern for, to com- 
passionate, to care for, to love. Haha oya 
wa ho wo itawarite yoru mo nemuradz, the 
mother out of love for her child does not 
sleep at night. Syn. awarkmu, fd-bin ni 
om6, It5shimu. 

Itawashii,-ki,-ku,-(j,-sa, a if /\yA, 
1$ ft? Tender concern, careful love, piti- 
ful, compiissionating. Itawaskiht omo. 

Ita-YA, a if^f^R M) «• A house with a 
shingle-roof. A board yard. 

It-CHI, a ^y^, — Ifcj Together, at the 
same time, with one accord. Syn. icniiO, 


It-CH1, /J i/-f , ^, adv. Superlatively. — 
yoij the best. — warui, the worst. 


||lTE,-rw,-^a, /f r)^, ?$, t. v. Frozen- 
hardened, congealed. CItawan ga itete wa, 
rem, the tea cup is cracked by the cold 
Kori itete tftzntffi yori mo szrudoshi. 

Ite, a r, ^ ^, w. An archer, bowman, 

fl-TEI, Ar^, ^ "Sf 9 (kotonaru hUachi.J 
Strange or extraordinary in form, or ap- 

tl-TEKl, 4 9^,^ J>^C) w. Barbarian, for- 
eigner. — no Kto, a barbarian. 


ItO, a ^7 , Same as Itahu, painful — goza- 
rimas, it is painful, Sir. 

Ito, ^ f , !^, «, Thread, a string, twine. 
Kinv'ito, silk thread. Momen-ito, cotton 
thread. Asa-ito, linen-thread. Ki-ito, raw- 
silk. Ito no fushi, knots, or uneven places 
in thread. — wo toru, to spin thread. — 
wo hiku, (idem.) — wo kuru, to reel 
thread. — wo yoru, to twist thread. ^• 
wisen no — , the strings of a guitar. 

flTO, ^ f , ;§[, adv. Superlatively, exceed- 
ingly, very. — seuKuMi, very busy. — 
yasashii, very amiable. Ito harui, very 


tiTODO, ^ f K, ^, adv. More, more and 
more, still more. Biyohi naoradz itodo 
omoku naruy disease uncured becomes still 
more severe. Syn. lYoiro, nao, masz- 


Digitized by 



ITO /f 


Itodoshii,-ki,-ku,-u,-sa, 4 Y Y-yAy ^ 
1^, Very, exceeding. 


I-T6GE,-r2£,-fo, *f >5^>, Jg ^, ^. F. To 
coiTij)lete the whole of one's time of service, 
to live tlirough ajid finish one's time, serve 
out one's time. Hohonin ju nen i-togeta^ 
the servant has completed liis ten years. 
Shiito ga waruhite yomiga i-togeye-naiy the 
fatlier in law was so bad, the daughter in 
law could not live with him. 

Ito-GUCHI, a Y /f , ^, n. The end of a 

Ito-guruma, a y //i^-r, U $,ii. Aspin- 
ning- wheel. 

Itoi.~(},-o;(/, W f 7, )B)^, ^. r. To be tired 
of, weary of, to dislike, to mind, or care 
for. Yo wo ito, to be weary of the world. 
Oga no tame ni shhiku wo Howadz, for her 
l)ar(int's sake she cared for no trouble. Chi 
itoi namrU'hehi soro, be careful about 
yourself, (health, &c.) Kaze wo ltd, to 
dislike the wind. Inochi v-o iishino no 
ifoicadz, did not mind losing his life. 


Itokenai,-ki,-ku,-shi,-sa, a y ^-fA , 

£^, Youthful, young, tender. 

Syn. osAXA«ni, wakaI. 
Itoko, W h 3, ^ 51 ^» '«• a cousin. 

Itoko-doshi, ^ f 3 K ^ ^, ia§ 51 I& [rI ±j 
w. Cousins to eaeh other. 

Itokoni, Ay =^=-^^^^^,,iu a kind of 

tl-TOKU, *f ^, ^ 1i, ?/. Majesty, dig- 
nity, j)ower, authority. — wo motte Kto 

Ito-KURI, AY^^),Ji^\^, 71. A reel. 

Itoma, a Y-^, Bg, n, L(*isure, freedom 
from occupation <»r business, time, liberty 
from service. — ffiua/n'masz, (said in 
h'aving the [)resence of any one,) I will 
take my leave. — wo negoj to Jisk lor dis- 
missal from service. — wo gam, to grant 
a dismissal. — wo dasz^ to dismiss from 
service. JIan-nlclii tio — tiio 7i(n\ not even 
a half day's leisure. — ga nai. have no 
time. Syn. uima, tkszki. 

Itomagoi,* /f fvn-t, ng ^, n, Taldng 
leave. — wo ttzni^ to takr leav<^ 

1to-maki a Y-^^, ^.^, it. A spool for 
Minding thread on. 

||Ito-ME, AY^.Ifk 0? ^'- Tiie strings of 
n kite. 

Ito-MO, /| f ^, JJ, n. see Ito. 

1ton.\mi, -?/<//, -?/(Za, AY-Y^y ^r '• ''• 
To do, make, build. peHbrm. Kagigo wo 
— to labor at one's calling. Jkusa wo — , 

to plan a campaign. Ige wo — , to build a 
house. Butsz-ji wo — , to ])erform religious 
services for the dead. Yo wo — , to make 
a living, tszkuuu, szuc. 

tiTONAMi, A Y-^l, ^,71. Business, occu- 

l'TOm,-nt,-tta, 4 hYf^.'m M^ *• ^*- To 
explain, say, tell, express in w^ords. Ko- 
Icoro ni wakarite wa lyedoino liorukoto ga 
mudzkashii, although I understand it 
clearly it is difficult to explain it. 

I-Tosei,-52,-sA7a, A hYt^^, "^ j^j"^-^- 
To persist in saying, continue to say, to 
say constantly. Kakunogotoku -lioshi shi-Ju 
iclii gon ino aratatne 7/iosadz soro, she }K*r- 
sists in saying so and will not alter a 
single word. 

I-T0SHi,-6z,-s/t'^a, AYt^^, ^ 5§, ^ r. 
To shoot an arrow through any thing. 

Itoshii-ki,-ku,-u,-sa, a y t^'y a, ^ 

^, Very dear, darling, beloved, exciting 
pity or compassion. — koto, a thing ex- 
citing pity. ITio no nangi wo itoshiku 
omo^ to pity the afflictions of men. 
Syn. kawai, fcbin, awaremi. 
tiTOSHlGO; A Y *y=^, ^ ^, 71. A beloved 

lTOSHlMI,-????/,-7lf7rt, A Y -^t^^y 3t ^, 

t.v. To pily. comj)a8sionatc. 

Ito-Szji, AY^'Y, m* n. A thread. 
Ito-TAKE, ^ f ^^5 ^, tt) ^' Stringed 

and wind instruments of music. 
tiTOYU, ^ f--^7, ^ ^5 n. The undula- 

lory appearance of the atmosphere in a 

hot day. 
Ito-zakura, AY'if^'f.l^i^.n. A kind 

of cherry-tree with long hanging branches. 
Itozoko, /i I- V'3, JlJ, Jg, n. The raised 

ed;^e on the bottom of a cup. 
Itsz, a y, contrac. o^Jfsztsz. five. Ifsz tose, 

five years. 
Itsz, /f V', fnj I|^, (nandoki). adv. When, 

usual, ordinary, common. — kimashtta^ 

Avhen did you come V — kairi-nnsaru^ 

(kairashshani)^ when will you return? 

Itsz no may when. 7/5- gori mo vkurnn. 

later than usual. 
Itsz, A ^J^ — •, One, used only in compound 

Itszpemo, a ^;'r^, 1nJ I|f, (maido). adc. 

Always, continually, constanly, anytime 

whatever. JIatsz no ki — aoi, the pine 

is always green. — sake ni yotfe kiiniy he 

always comes drunk. — goroshii, any time 

will do. — goi, id. 
I-TSZ'JI,-f7?r,-/(/(r, /[ t 5^/, ^ Jl, f.v. To 

Digitized by 


ITS /f 

lUY /T 


pass a word or message from oue to 

another. Sjn. dengon. 
It8Z-G0R0, 4 'y=^v , ^ t§^^ a(?r. When, at 

what time. 
Itsz-jibun, a >'•;/>', iSj ^ ^, '(i(fv. 

ItSZ-KA, >f ';^-b,adi\ (Itsz when, and lea of 

doubt). Some time not known, as, HHo 

tea itizka ichido wa shinuru mono da, 

every body will die sometime or other. 

— haiia no cfa, wrote it sometime or other 

— wajoju sen, I wonder when it will be 

Itszka, ^ :^ij, "31 H, The fifth day of 

the month ; ubo, five days. 
ItSZ-KARA, ^ ::^iJ7, ^^m^j From what 

time, how long since, (of time past). 

— Yedo ni szmi nasaru^ how long have you . 

lived in Ycdo ? Oinaye — wartiku naita, 

how long have you been sick V 
I-TSZKE^-r2/,-fa, 4 b5^^;^, W Pfl't i-^- 

To give orders, to command, to tell, 

I-TSZKE, /f t :^ir, "= p^, w. A command, 

I-TSZKi,-iz^,-i7a, ^^'iJ^, ^ ^, /.r. To 

be stuck last, fixed, seliietl in a place. 

Fitne ga iUzita, the ship has stuck fast. 

Jloko-ntn ga i-iszita, the servant is settled 
_ in a place. 
I-TSZKURAi,-o,-c//;a. ^ b^;'^7 7,'g' $1, 

Uv. To adjust, mend, repair by talking. 
I-TSZKUSHl,-52,-s/i7«, 4 t:?'^;^, "g* ^, 

Lv. To exhaust a subject, to say all tliat 

can be said. 
tlTSZKUSHll,-KI,-KUj-U,-PA, ^I^^^S^/f, 

18 ^, Austere, grave, dignified. Also, 

^, beautiful. Syn. gexjU, ososoka. 
tlTSZKUSHlMl,-?/?.M,-«(/r;,/[ ^^^-y^^j"^^, 

t'V, To love, to regard with tenderness, 

pity, comjMission, or Kindness. 

Syn. MEGUMU, AWAREMU, .iini. rrOsniMU. 
ItszkuSHIMI, 4 ^y^-yi, ^, Love, pity, 

compassion, tenderness. 
Itsz-MADE, >i y^f, JMj J|^ ^, adv. 

AV'hen, to what time, how long, (of time 

future.) — Yedo ni irassharu, how long 

will you be in Ytdo? Itszmademo orimasZj 

I shall live there always. 
I-TSZME,-nv,-^c7, A h v'^ ;i-, *= |§, t r. 

To convince, convict, confute, to corner, 

(by talking.) 
Itsz-MO, >f ^^, adi\ Usual, ccmmon, 

customary, always, constantly. — no (dn'y 

or — 710 gotohuj as you always do, in 

the usual, customary way. — 7io tokoro^ 

the usual place. Jtazmo nagara hon ico 

haishalu itasliitaiy pardon me for so often 
troubling you, I wish a^ain to borrow a 
book. Itszmo yori omoshiroiy more agree- 
able than common. — lawaradzy never 

Aggravated by talking, to grow more 
and more excited or determined in an 

tiTSZSHlKA, 4'y'yij, jaf HI, Same as 
Ifszka. — huu de aro^ I wonder when 
he will come. 

I-TSZTAYE,-rw,-fa, /[hi^^^/S n H? 
e.r. Handed down by word, told from 
one to another, from mouth to mouth. 

Itsz-to-naku, or, Itsz-to-^*o, /( 5^ h -h ^ , 
IR fpj J||p, adi\ Gradually, the commence- 
ment or time not being known. "— yoka 
nattUy he gradually became better. — 
yami'tszita, he gradually became sick. 

Itsz-totemo, /f y f r^, SI it? I|#j ««^t'- 
Always; or never, (with a negative verb.) 
— kawara-naiy will never chunge. 

Itsztsz, /f );^ y, £, P^ive. — 710 tohiy at 
five years of age. Syn. go. 

lTSZ\VARl,-rw-^^(7, /f y?\)\^^ ^, ^r. To 
deceive, lie, mislead, cheat, beguile, de- 
lude. Syn. DAMASZ, AZAMCKU. 

Itszwari, a i/zsi;, ^, w. A lie, decep- 
tion. . — tco hiy to tell a lie. Syn. uso. 

Itszzoya, /i;//^, ^\s, adi\ Some 
time before, (but uncertain when). — 
yori gamhiyo wo wadzrau, sufiering for 
sometime with sore eyes. 

Ittai, y\ ^y^4, ^ "SI, w. One person, 
one being; (adv.) usually, commonly, == 
Zentai, — ni sJite san-tai nariy one 
substance, but three persons. 

flXTAN, 4 ;^^ y, —* U^, adv. Once, one 

lu, 4 7 , "5 , See I. m, to speak. 

lu-FUKU, 4^7^,^ Jig, Wealthy, rich, 
prosperous, fortunate. — ni hiraaz. — na 


lu-HlTSZ, 4/;\L^y,]if^ S^,n. A secretary, 

luWABA, /f /\-^*, •= gij, coiij. mo. of I, iu. 

If I should say ; for instance. 
lu-WARE, ^i /SIX, pg, n. See Iware. 

lu-Yo, 4 7^^, "5 #• ^^^7 ^^ SPP^^- 
ing, = he said. A no ICto no — ni wa 
kayo de gosartfy as to that which he said, 
it was so and so. Omaye no — ni mo de- 
hnai. I cannot do as you said. Asa yU 
htnashiki koto wo nomi — ni nan^ it be- 
came so that from morning to night she 
did nothing but complain. 

Digitized by 



IWA /f 

lyA ^ 

IWA, ^ ''N, ^, w. A rock, a reef. — no ha- 
zanWy a cleft in the rocks. 

IWAPE, or, IwADZ, A /\ r , ^ ^y neg. 
of I, illy Not to say. 

IWAl,-a«,-a^^a, ^^n7,JR, tv. To con- 
gratulate, to celebrate; felicitate com- 
pliment; to worship. HHo wo hami ni 
itcau, to worship a man as if he were God. 
Gan-jitsz wo — , to celebrate new year's 
day. Toshi wo toUa hHo wo — , to con- 
prratulate a man who has reached old age. 
§yn. suUKtJ Rzau. mai'Szru. 

IWAl, A^WL: jj5t, w. Congratulation, feli- 
citation, celebration ; a feast, festive oc- 
casion. — wo szru, to celebrate a festive 
occasion. Sagare no — , a celebration on 
account of a son. Gan-jitsz no — . Sh^chi- 
ju no — . 

IwAlBl, ^ ^N 1 1', ft 5 «. A holiday. 

I-WAKE, ^ t7^, "g p|. w. Explanation, 
apology, excuse, extenuation. — wo szrUy 
to oflfer an explanation or apology. — ga 
naiy have nothing to say in extenuation. 

I-wAKE,-r«,-fa, ^ \i7^)^j b" I?, 1. 1. 
To explain, to exculpate. 

flwAKU, ^ ^N.^ , H , To say. Jf^oshi no — .. 
Confucius said. 

IwAN, A/\y^ fut. of I, iu. Ureshi'sa — ka- 
ta mo nashij impossible to say how happy 
she was. Masani — io szrUy was just 
about to speak. 

IwAXU, A/\^y (Coll. Iwanaijy neg. of I, 
iu. Not say. 

IwANYA, /j>'\^-v, 51) ^^*' Much more, 
how much more. Syn. mash'tk yA. 

IwAO, A^s^y j^, n. Rocks, a clifT, reef. 

IWA-OKOSHl, >i ^n;!* 3 5^, :^ ^, w. A kind 
of hard cake made of rice. 

I- WAKE, A^\iy, IS, n. Reason, cause, 
history, explanation. — wo iu. 

IwAKE,-rw,-<a, A /\\y}\^y pass, or pot. of 
I, tw, itta, to be said or can say. B'to ni 
waruku iwareni, to be evil spoken of by 
others. Hadzhashikute iwarenai, so asham- 
ed she could not speak. 

IWARENGE, A^^i^yy, ^^ 'Mi {Eotohe 
no fszme) w. A kind of rock-moss. 

IwASE,-rw,-^a, A^\^f^, ^"bj Causi. of 
I, tu, To make, or let another tell. 
Watukushi ni iwasete ludasare, I pray 
you, let me speak. 

IWASHl, 4 7'y,f($iA ^1' 6ii' ^' A '^^"^ 
offish, the sardine. — no hashira mo 
shinko kara, it is all of icith, though you 
worship the head of the iwashi. 

lwASHJME,-r?/,-^cr, A/\'y/;u ^ "g, 
Same as Iwaseru. 

IWA-TAKE, /f /N^>^, :g- gp, w. A kind of 

mushroom that grows on rocks. 
IwATA-OBi, ^fy'^^i-k', ^^, n. The 

bandage worn by prtgnant women, from 

tKe 6th month. 
I-WATASHi,-sz,-5/iVa, 4 tV^-^, -g-Jt, 

tv. To give orders, to pass a word or 

order from one to another. 
IwATSZTszji, 4 'N ^ i^' -^ , :^ BJ If , n. A 

kind of flowering shrub. 
tlwAYURU, >f /N^;u, ^ If, The above 

mentioned, aforesaid, the said. 
Iwo, /j/N^, (dubit. ofl, tM,) Wonld say. 

— to omokotOy that which I thought to say. 
Iwo, A ^, ^»^^« A fish. — no watoj fish- 
guts. Syn. SAKANA. 

Iwo, 4 7^,ig(S^j ^ Sulphur, brim- 
stone, (also proriouued yvwo.) 

IwoNOME, ^ ^ y > , |£ @ , 71. A corn (on 
the foot.) 

tlwo-TSZRl, W 7 ^;' i; , j)| A» w. An an- 
glei*, fisherman. Syn. riyOshi, sznadori, 


Iya, /I-v, -g, adv. No, don't want, will 
not. — da^ I won't, will not. — da yoy id. 

— wo no henjiy an answer in the negative. 
I-YABURi,-nt,-^^a, /ft-v/;!-, W .'^j 

i.v. To divulge, to confute, convince. 
Kaktislita koto wo — , to divulge a secret. 
Syn. SEPPA szuU. 

lYAGARl,-r2^,-^^a, A -v ifji^y i.v. To dis- 
like, have an aversion or repugnance 
to, to be unwilling. S3^n. kirau. it6. 

Iyagawiye, A^if^^, SS Jl> <^^' One 
on top of another. Jimha — ni kasanari^ 
men and horses were piled up one &c. 

Iyaitoko, A^A\ o^ S 1$ it ^j w. A 
second cousin, 

tlYAKU, A^^y ® l^j w. Medicine. 
Syn. Kuszui. 

tlYAKU,-s^rw, ^^ ^ , jg $5 , (yaiku wo taga- 
yeru,) t.v. To break a promise, or agree- 

lYA-MASARl,-7'W,-</f/, >f ■^r^^^;^, ^ IS? 
i.v. To become more and more, greater 
and greater. 

Iyamashi-ni, A^^-y^y Wi^i^^^'- ^^^^^ 
and more, increasing more and more. 

lYAMr, /f -v ^ , 71. Gay and showy in order 
to attract notice tawdry, a fi*ec ted. — no 
nai ye a picture not too highly colored. 

— no naiKto^ a man who does not dress, 
or behave so as to attract. 

Iya-NA, A^^y S> «• Disagreeable, un- 
pleasant, offensive, odious, disgusting. 

IyaSB11,-ki, A^-yAy ^, a. Low in rank, 
base, vulgar, ignoble, vile, mean. Kurai 

Digitized by 


lYE /f 

JA If 



{yashxhi h'to, a person of low rank. — 
lotobay Tulgar language. Syn. gesex, 


tlYASHi,-sz,-s/i'^a, A^^j ^, t. V, To 

cure, heal. Yamai wo — . Kidz wo — . 

Syn. NAOsz, jiszru. 
Iyashiku, or IyashO, '*-^2^^, SI, (^dv. 

See lyaskii. 
flYASBlKUMO, 4-V5^^^, ^, conj. If, if 

indeed, but, nevertheless, however. 
lYA8mME,-rti,-^a, A^y/ju, ]^, t.v.To 

despise, contemn, to look down on. 


tlYATOYO, /f -Y b 3, "= So dewa nai, it is 
not SO. 

Iye, /f ^, §jc, n. A house, a family. — wo ! 
tateru^ to erect a house. — wo fushin nruy 
to build a house. — wo osameru jio govern 
a family. Tszhuretaru iye wo tateru^ to 
raise up a fallen house, or family. 
Syn. tjcni, takU. 

Iye, /f 4 i, -gf , adv. No, (in replying.) 

lYBj-^-Wj-^a, >f i/i^, ^, i.v. To be healed, 
cured. Yamai ga iyeta^ the disease is cur- 
ed. Kidzga iyeie^ the wound is healed. 
Syn. KAORC, zen-kSvat, hom-buku, ji ez. 

Iye-BATO, >{-N^^f, ^, «. A house pig- 

Iybdomo, y\^y^, ^, adv. Although, yet, 
but. Kuszri wo mochiyu to iyedomo yamai 
jisedz^ although medicine is taken the dis- 
ease is not cured. 

tlYE-DZTO, >f ^y f , ^ ^, w. Presents 
to one's household on returning from a 
journey. — m szru, Syn. uchi-miage. 

Iye-gamayb, A^if-r^j 515 tt» «• '^^^ 
structure of a house, or plan on which it 
is built. — ga yoi, this house is vrell 

Iye-gara, A^-ff^, ^ ^Sj w. The kind of 
family, family line or rank. — ga yoi, of 
good family. Syn. iyeszji. 

lYE-KANE,-rW,-<a, /f 3i^:j.;l/, ^ ^, i.v. 
Hard to heal, difficult to cure. 

tlYEKl, f^zL^, ^ j^, w. The gastric- 

Iye-nami, /f'^•^>. §^ ^, w. Row of 
housep. — no yoi machiy a street with fine 
rows of houses. — ni go yo-hin wo cUerUy 
to assess a tax, house by house. 

Iye-nushi, /( -sj?2^, ^ ;i, n. Owner of 
a house, landlord. 

Iye-SZJI, A^^^, ^ i^, «, Family line, 
lineage, pedigree. — ga yci, of good 

tI-YETSZ,-5zr«, 'J^^j i^ ffi, (yoroi&o^/.) 
To rejoice- 

Iye-TSZDzki, 4 '\yy*, 5K ig|, a contin- 
uous line of houses, or houses all along 
the way. 

Iye-TSZGI, P^y:¥, Sc Mi n. An heir. 

I-Yo, /j t-v^, "§* :^, Same as /wyo. 

I-Yo, #-v^, ^ ;^, n. Manner of sittincr. 

Iyo-IYO, >f 3/f 3, gi p, o^t'. More and 
more, gradually, certainly, positively, 
Syn. mazs-masz, ivamasui-ni, nao, kitto. 

I-YORi,-rM,-^^a, 4 t^;^, W ^j ^- <^- To 
woe, court, to approach and say. 

tlYOYAKA, /f3-V75r, Jj, Luxuriant, and 

Iyuru, a ^;^, ^, See 7ym/. 

tIzA, /f -^T, ^ 5}c^ Exclam. of inciting, en- 
couraging or daring. — tachi wo awase^i^ 
come on let us cross swords. — yukimashoy 
come let's go. — iamayey come on. 
Syn. IDE, 8A. 

I-ZAlSOKU,-«grw, *-»fMV^, ^ fg 1£, 
<. f. To sit and dun for the payment of 
money. Kane wo — , to dun for money. 

IzA-KOZA, >i -i^'a^f, adi\ Saying this and 
that, asserting and contradicting, as per- 
sons in anger, or quarreling. — itte kenk^wa 
wo szru, 

I-ZAMA, A }L-^Wy -g* H, n. Way of 
speaking. — nowarui Kto, one accustomed 
to speak in an angry, iU-tempered way. 

IzANAl,-aw,-<i<^a, 4 •f-^7, Sl> ^' ^^ To 
persuade, to urge, to tempt, to induce, to 
dfaw, lead, entice. Syn. sasoi, yu in, so- 


IZARI, 4 -f V , ^, n. A cripple, one who 

cannot walk. 
IzARi,-rw-a^fa, A-^jy^^l^ ^, i. v. To 

move as a cripple, to shuttle, or push one's 

self along. 
tIZAYOl, A'ft^Ay + A\ ?£, «. The 16th 

night of the month, when the moon rises 

quickly after the sun is set. — no tszki. 
IZEN, A^^j J[U |J, Before, previous, 

former. — no ton\ the previous manner. 

Kono — , before this, previously to this. 

— yoriy fi-om former times. 


Ja, -^-v, J^, n. A large snake. — the 
figure of a circle within a circle. 

tJA, i^-v-, fjj, (Tokoshima.) Evil, bad, 
wicked, vile, connipt, erroneous. — wa 
tadashikiwo gai-szni koto cUzwadZj the evil 
cannot hurt the good. — wo imashinient^ 
to reprove evil. Syn. magaru, akt. 

Digitized by 





JAj f'-Vj a coll. particle. =:(k tea. I Kto ja 
naiha^ what a fine man he is. Bo ja na'i^ 
it is not so. 

fJA-CHl, i^-V^, IJJ5 ^, (yolcoshima no 
ehiye.) n. Corrupt talents, wisdom used 
for vicious purposes, subtilty,. cunning. — 
(fa fukai. 

fJA-DO, i^^^'^, f|$p!E? (yohoshima no 
michi,) n. Evil way. 

Jagatara, >' ^ :*'^ 7 • P^ Pg PE, n. Ba- 
tavia. — imo^ the common jwtato. 

Ja-HO, l^^/\7, ^ Ji, (yohoshima no 
michi,) Vicious docti'ines, or a corru[)t re- 

fJA-lN, l^^A y, ^^y n. Adultery. — 
szm^ to commit adultery. 

Ja-ja-uma, S^^^^^-^.^iSB.?!) ^- ^ 
vicious horse. 

Ja-KAGO, l>^^:f, frlfe p, n. A long 
basket made of bamboo, filled with stones 
and used for damming up water. 

Jakan-SEKI, l^^^'hy^^, 44^^? ^• 

Ja-KEN, IP^^y^ ?|$^? Distitute of kind- 
ness or pity, cruel, hardhearted. — na 
It to, Osoroshiku — w« szriL 

Jaki, i?-v^r, ^^, ^'- An influenza, pes- 
tilential vapor or disease. — wo fiisegu^ 
to keep off disease. Syn. akki. 

Ja-Ko, •? -v ^ ^ , I^ §5 7?. Musk. 

^3 AKV, -szru, i?^^^ gg, «>. To die, 
(only of a Bud. priest.) 

tJAKU,-5^r?«, f'-v^, ^, To be carried 
away with, bewitched, channed, fascina- 
ted, captivated. lii-yohi ni — , smitten 
with avarice. 
Syn. sHU-jAKr, tszkc. 

Jaku-HAI, :?-Y^^\/f, ^ ^, (waJcahi 
tomogara). Young, immature in know- 
ledge or experience, (used also in hum- 
bling one\s self.) — na mono. 

tJAKU-JAKU, i^Jv'^-JAr^, ^ ^, adi\ 
(^uiet, still, free from noise or bustle. 
Syn. SAMisirii, shidzka. 

tJAKU-MAKU, l>^^^^, ^ ^, adv. 

tJAKU-METSZ, ^*^^> i/, 3^ Jl^, n. Death, 
(Bud.) — irahiy or, — wo tanoshimi to 
szruy glad to die. 

JaKU-NEN', l^^^r^y,-^ ip., (wahal'itn, 
shi) Young, youthful, time of youili. — 
no tohi 711 J when youn^. 

Jakuro, i^-Vi^P, 5 Jfg, 7^. Pomegranate. 

Jama, i^-V-^, 5|$ J|, w. Obstruction, hin- 
drance, impediment. — ico szrity to ob- 
struct, hinder, impede. — ni nartt, lo bo in 
iho way. — de yoz(fri}fiasZy excuse ine 

for being in your way. — wo harau^ to 
clear away an obstruction. 

Syn. SAMATAGE, koshO, 

tJA-NEN, i^-v^;^, 51$ ;|:, «. (yokosklma 

yohoro.) Evil thoughts. 
Janko, i?-V>'3, ^ ^, w. Pock marks. 

Syn. abata. 
Jara-JABA, l^^^l?^^^ adv. Sporting, 

wanton, lewd jesting, or badinage. — i na- 

saru na, abstain from lewd jesting. 
jARASHl,-52,-5A'^a, i^-v^-^, Causl. of 

Jareru. To make to play, romp, or sport 

Neko wo — , to play with a cat. 
jARA-TSZKi,-iz*,-iYa, l>^^y^ , To be 

playful, sportive, romping, frolicsome. 
JARE,-?*2(,-fa, -^-vix/u, i.i\ To play, frolic. 

sport, romp. Nekoga^ — , the cat plays. 

Kodomo ga — , the children romp. 


Jari, ^ -v V , \p JJ, n. Gravel. — wo shika, 
to spread gravel. 

tJA-SHlN, l^^t^y, 31$ )&5 (yokoshima na 
kokoro.) n. An evil, perverse mind. 

IJa-Sho, i?-vJ^-v^, ^ JE, Crooked and 
straifrht, vicious ^d virtuous. 

Ja-SHU, •^•VJ^'V, 515 ^> (yokoBhima na 
shiishi.) A corrupt or wicked religion, 

Ja-shu-mon, ip^t^^^y, 5|J ^ n. «. 
Depraved, or corrupt sect, Christianity. 
Go hatto no — nite wa gozanaku goro^ 
does not belong to the forbidden sect of 

Ja-SZI, i?-»f-x/f, f|$ ^, n. Evil, or sus- 
picious thoughts of others. — wo mawmz^ 
to think evil of others. 

Je, ^, Of Nagasaki dialect, see Ze. 

Jl, ??, ^, n. A Chinese character; a word. 
wo kaku, to write a chinese character. 
— wo shim 7*7^, a person who reads the 
Chinese character well. — wo hikuj to look 
for a word in a dictionary. 

Jl, z^, •^, (Ura.) n. A Buddhist monastery 
or temple. 

f Jl, *K, |&, w. A road, way, journey. Ka- 
yeriji wo unagasz, to prepare to return. 

J^j ^9 ^j «• Disease of the Anus. 

Jl^ ^% M, (tszchi.) n. The ground, earth, 
place, region, texture, material; the 
ground, (on which figures are painted ) 
natural habit, usual custom. Tszmaranai 
koto wo iu no ga ana h'to noji day he is in 
the habit of saying foolish things. Moinen 
nojiy the texture of cloth. 

J J; ^, xp, A future negative affix to verbs, 
expressing doubt or uncertiinty, = masx- 
m(ff, of the colloipiial. Kitm-u maji^ will 

Digitized by 





not come I think. Ware ni oyohaji^ mil 
not come up to me. H^to ni mirarejiy that 
he might not be seen by others. 
Jl, 5?, ^, (tohi.) n. Time, hour, season. 
Shi-ji^ the four seasons. Hiru roku ji, the 
six hours of the day. JUni ji, 12 
tJl, i^i y, (h>io.) n. An affair, matter, 
act, transactioDy only used in composition, 
as Bttjij Dtttji. 
Jlj *^^ > H. $Cj ^' Grandfather. Ojl son, 
in addressing a grandfather, or any old 
Jl, 4^, ft, n. The bridge over which the 

strings of a harp pass. 
fJl-AI, l>TAi ^ ^, (midzkara aiszru.) 
Self-love, care for one's own person, happi- 
ness, or health. — szru, 
Jl-Al, -K r b, Ifi >g^, n. Texture, mate- 
rial. Tarn mono no — , the texture of 
cloth. — ga waruL — ga yoi. 
Jl-BAN, IP^^y^ (coll. for Juban^) «. A shirt. 
JlBlKI, i^lf:^, ^51, n. A dictionary, 

Ijjl-BIN, IP^yy g If, n. Dressing one's 

own hair. — wo szru^ to dress &c. 
Ji-b1t6, -K t'^ ^ j ^ ^, n. a disease with 

which one is often sick. 
Jl-BO, S^^:, ^ -(Jr, n. The five vowel 

JlBO-JlMETSZ, ^^^i>Z^> ^, & C & Si, 
Self-destruction, ruin which is the natuml 
fruit of one's evil ways. 
Jl-BOSO, fiKV, JfelH, Fine in texture. 

-— no momen* 
Jl-BUN, iP/y, i ^, n. Self, one's self, 

— de kaita^ wrote it myself. Otnaye go — 
de aide ncuarey come by yourself. 


JlBUN, i?/^, ^ ^, w. The time, proper 
time. — ga ktta, the time has come. — 
iorai szru^ (idem.) — ga itattaj (idem.) 

— iro vhagoy to watch for a proper time. 

— ico hadzreru, to miss the right time. 
Ikusa no — , time of war. Itsz-ji-huny at 
what time? Hiru jibunj noon, Yatssjihuny 
2 o'clock P.M. Syn. ji-setsz, koklgen, 


JlBUN-GABA, i^ry^^y tt^#l» Al- 
though it is in season, or that which is 
suited to the season. — kankt tszgokuy 
the cold is severe for the season. 

Jl-BUTO, -K^f, Jfe i:, Coarse in texture. 

— no momen. 

JlBUTSz, -KT-^^, ^ ^, n. The idol which 

one especially worships above all others. 
JiDAI, i^^Hf • fl$ f^, n. Age, period of 


time. Nobunagano — , in the time of A o- 
htazaga. — mono, antique thing. 

Ji-DAi, -K^'f, J& ft;, ». Ground-rent.— 
tco harauy to pay ground-rent. 

JiDANDA, ^^y^y d J£, «. Stamping 
with the feet, (as in anger.) — wofunde 
ikaruy to stamp the feet in rage. — wo 
ftmdenaku, Syn. ashidzri. 

JlDARAKU, -^^f ^, g at J^, Slovenly, 
wanting in neatness and order, careless 
in manner. — na JCto^ a sloven. — nafuy 
a slovenly appearance. — ni sKte oku, to 
place in a disordered way. 

tJl-DO, i^ K^y, ^ Jt, M. A child under 15 
years. Syn. kodomo, warambe, cuigo. 

JlDOBl, -K K y , Jfe ^, n. Wrestling in sport, 
or in training. — wo azru, to wrestle. 

tJl-FU, i^7, ^ ^, «. A kind or loving 
father ; father. 

tJl-FU, i>7y g -ft, Vain-glorious, self- 
praise, vaunting one's self, boastful. Afne 
ga »Kta ni ware ni niasaru mono araji to 
jifu szftiy he boasted that there was no 
body in the world that could excel him. 


tJi-FUKU, i^7^, ^ /M, «. Clothes suit- 
able to the season. 

JlGABACHl, IPif^^'fi^XIR t^; w. Akuid 
of bee. 

Jl-GAI, iPifA^ ^ ^y (midzkara sohonau.) 
Suicide, (by cutting the throat.) — szruy 
to commit suicide. 

Jl-GAMI, t'^^, Jfe ^,w. Fan-paper. 

JlGE, ^y, ^ *|»", n. Inferior servant of a 

tJlGEN, l^^y^^ 3^, n. Divine manifes- 
tation, or revelation from a divine being. 
Hotokeno — too komuru, to have a revela- 
tion from Ilotoke. 

JiGI, ^^, j^ ^, n. A bow, declining, ex- 
cusing one's self. jigi wo sznij to bow, 
salute by bowing. — nashi, without mak- 
ing any excuse, or without ceremony. 


fJlGI, i?^, fl^ 3it, n. Times, season. — 
ni sKtagaUy to comply with the times, to 
suit the age. — ni kanawanai^ not to suit 
the times. — ni yotto kawarUy to change 
with the times. 

Jl-GIYO, ^^^^y ^ ^, n. The ground 
on which a house is built. — wo naraaZy 
to level the ground for a house. 

Jl-GO, i^if^y ^ ft, n.' The name of a 
temple. ICono tera no — wa nan to moshi- 
masy what is the name of this temple? 

Jl-GO, i^zry, g m. One's works or ac- 
liouSj av cording to which reward, or pun- 

Digitized by 



JIK i> 

JIK ^ 

isbmcnt is allotted in a fature state. 
(Bud.) Ji-go ji-toku, to receive accord- 
ing to one's deeds; (what a raan soweth 
that shall he also reap.) 

Jl-GOKU, ^=^^y Hi ^, fi. Hades, hell 
or place of punishment of the Buddhist, 
of which there are eight principal one's, 
these are each subdivided into 16, making 
in all 128. — ni ochiruy to go to hell. 

Jl-GOYE, ^:fx, ftfe ®, 71. One's natural 

Jl-GUCHI, -K;/^, ftfe P, n. A pun, play- 
ing on words. — wo iu. 

•^Jl-G WA, l>/V, U Sf> (midzkara yega- 
ku). Drawn, or sketched by one's self. 

JlHl, •? h, j^ ^, w. Pity, compassion, pa- 
rental love, mercy, benevolence, kindness. 

— tvo hodokosZj to show pity, bestow love. 

— wo taretamayCy have pity, (in supplica- 
ting a superior). — wo koy to ask for 
mercy. — wo ukeru^ to find mercy. — 
gafukaiy of great mercy. 

Syn. ITSZKUSHlMI, nasakk, megumi, awa- 


tJlJAKU, I^l^^^, g ^y adv. As before, 
previously. — to sh*te oru, to be as be- 
fore. — to sKte kawaru koto nashiy just 
the same as before. 

tJl-Jl, i^^, fl$ B#, (toki'doki),ado.l^\Qvy 
hour, hourly, often, frequently. 
Syn. oui-ojti. 

tJl-Jl, l^i^y'^'^y (koto goto )y adv. Every 

Jl-Jl, ^'^A y^^^n. An old man. 

JlJlMUSAl,-Kl, rf'>-»?-/f , a. Dirty, filthy. 

Jl-Jiy, 4'-^;^, Jli jpif, (Uzchi no kami), n. 
Gods that protect the soil ; the earthly- 
gods of Japanese fable of whom there 
where five dynasties. 

fJl-JlTSZ, 3^:^ 5^, :^ 5R» ^' The truth of 
the matter, the facts. — wo tadass, to 
examine the facts. 

tJl-JlTSZ, i?i^5^, ^ 0, (tokihi)y n. An 
hour or day. — wo utszsadsz, without 
waiting a moment. 

tJl-JO, *Kf'^^, X^ £, Fixed. settled, de- 
termined. — 8znL Syn. sadamarU, kes- 


Jl-JO, i^i?-^^^ 1^ H, Declining, or ex- 
cusing one's self through politeness, or 
modesty. — sedz sKte kotayuru wa ret ni 
arazaru nari, to answer without excusing 
one's self is not polite. — no kokoro rei 
no hashi nan) modesty is the beginning of 
politeness. Syn. jitaI, jioi. 

Jl-JU, z^l^^, i^ ^, n, A title of rank. 

JlKA-Nl, ^'-h^y jK, adc. Immediately, 

without the intervention of a second per- 
son or thing. S^io ni — hatuisty to speak 
to one personally. Hatszbo — ts^keruy 
to apply a blister next the skm, without 
anything intervening. 
JlKl, ^#, j|[, adv. Immediately, instant- 
ly, quickly ; also, immediate, close, next, 
without anything* or person intervening. 

— hasJii no sobOy next to the bridge. Ima 

— ni yukuy go at once. HHo ni — m «, 
to speuk personally to another. — m la- 
yeru^ to return quickly. Syn. szguki, ha- 


JlKl, :?#, J^, n. A meal, food.. — ni 
komaruj in want of food. Chm — tcokuy 
to eat dinner. Hi ni ni — szruy to eat 
twice a day. Syn. tabb-mono, kui-mono, 


JlKl-DAN, ^^^y, lit ^, Private, or 
personal conversation, without the inter- 
vention of another. — szru. 

JlKI-DEN, ^^ryy H lit, Received im- 
mediately from another, handed down 
without intervention, 

JlKl-HITSZ, r#b^, lit ^, «. The very 
hand writing, autograph. MukasM no Kto 
no — , the very hand writing of an ancient 

JiKi-Ro, i>^v^, fl U, n. A box for 
carrying food in. 

JlKl-So, r*-<f'>, nl IfF, w. A complaint 
made to an official in person, without the 
intervention of another. — szru. 

tJlKKAN, i^^-hyy + ${^, n. The ten 
stems or characters used in designating 
hours, days, months, years points of com- 
pass, &c 

tJlKKAl, i^y^^f, + 5jl, n. The ten 
places of abode of the Buddhists, vii. 
Jigoku, Gaki, Chikusho, Shura, Ningen, 
TenjO, ShOmon, Yengaku, Bosatss, 

tJlKKEl, i^5^>^,J|ii:, ». A real pic- 
ture or sketch, not one of fancy. 

JlKKEN, i?y^^, 5Il ^, Verifying by 
inspection, inspection. Kubi wo — szrUy 
to inspect and verify the head of a slain 

tJlKKlN, :? 5^* ^, BE J£, n, A near at- 
tendant on a noble. Syn. o-soba, kisjv. 

tJlKO, i^3, g B? pro. I myself. 


JiKO, i^3^,fl|>g|, n. The weather, or 
temperature of the season, climate. Aofcz 
no — wa afszt, the weather is hot in 
summer. Fuyu no — wa samnt, — sod 
ni natta, rhe weather is seasonable. — wa 
fusoo the weather is unseasonable, — 

Digitized by 


JIM £> 

JIN ^ 


no set, influence of the climate. 
Syn. y6ki, KIKO. 
Jl-KOKU, £?3<5^,^^], n. Time, the 
hour, or moment. — ya utszru, time 
passes. — torai szru, the time or hour has 
come. Mru — ya kita the time for going 
to bed has come. Kuru — wa itsztsz dohi 
de gozarimas the hour for coming is 
eight o'clock. 

t Jl-KOKU, i?3^, g B, n. One's own 

tJlKON, i^ny^ U ^y (imakara). adv. 
Henceforth, after this. — igoM. 

JlKU, ^^, Ijfc, «. The stick,'stem, stalk, 
Fudeno — , the stick of a pencil. Kuruma 
no — , the axletree, or shaft of a wheel. 
Kakemono no — , the stick on which 
a picture is rolled. 

JiKU-JiKu,r^t'^,fl<fp. Wet, moist. — 
sh^te iru. 

yjlKURI, or JlKKURl, 5^ 5^^ i; , f5, adv. 
Maturely, fully thoroughly, wholly, per- 
fectly. — kagayeru, to consider well. — 
amash'ta^ fit tightly. 

Jl-MAN, l^^y^ g ^, Vain-glorious, vain, 
proud, vaunting, boasting, self-praise, 
self-conceit. — wa Kto ni nikumaruru, 
self-praise is hateful to others. — szm^ to 
boast, or vaunt one's self. 


JlMAN-KUSAI, i^-r?^ y^-it^, g{t:^> 
Vaunting, or boastful. 

Jl-MATSZRl, r-^P^V, M 55, w- A cele- 
bration on building a hcuse, (to propi- 
tiate the gods of the soil.) 

Jl-MAWARl, I'-^/m;, ^ ^, n. Neigh- 
bourhood, region, surrounding country. 
— no wcdxii-shu, the young people of the 
neighbourhood. — nite wa sabake mosadzy 
no demand for it in this region. 

JlMAYE, i^-^-N, g -gj, n. A harlot whose 
earnings are all her own. 

fJlMBA, yy^^, 1^ :y|, n. Camping ground, 

JiMBAORl, i'J^^ti- V , 1^ ^ j^, n. Akmd 
of coat without sleeves, worn over ar- 

JiMBASo, 5?.;x^^^^^, jpi^ ^ ^, n. A kind 
of sea-weed. Syn. hondawara, nano- 


tJlMBBi^, ^ ^^ >, jpt SI, w. A strange, 
miraculous, wonderful thing. — wo gen- 
dsru, to work a miracle. 

JlMBURE, ^yXiy^y ^ 193, n. An order 
issued to an army. 

JlMBUTSZ, S^yy-!^, A^y w- Kind, or 
quality of man, a man. — go got, an excel- 
lent man. — ni ni-awanu koto too szj-u, to 

do something improper for a man to do. 

— no ge wo kakuy to draw pictures of men. 
Ano — gudan ga narami, must be sus- 
picious of tliat kind of person. 

Syn. h'togara, gim-pin. 

Jl-MEN, t'> y, Jft ®, 71. Lot of ground, 
land, farm, plantation. Omaye no — wa 
nam hodo aru, how much land have you Y 
Hiroi — , a large farm. 
Syn. JisHO, DENJi. 

Jl-METSZ, l>/^ y, g jjj, w. Self-ruin, self- 
destruction. — szru, to destroy one's self. 

— wo manekuj to hasten one's ruin. 
JiMI, ^i^ Afc ^9 Plain, not ornamented, 

not gay, simple, unaffected, frank. — na 
kimonoj plain clothes. — no JCto, an 
honest, unaffected man. — na mogo, a 
small figure (on cloth.) 

Jl-MICHI, -K^ -f-, ftfe tI, n. An easy gait, 
easy, gentle, or moderate manner. — ni 
arukuy to go at an easy gait. — no saisoku 
de wa torenu^ it will not be got by mod- 
erate urging. 

JlMl-JlMl, l>ll^\^ adv. Moist, damp, wet. 

— ase ga deru wet with sweat. — shHa 
tokoro, a wet place. 

tJlM-Ml-RAl-SAl, 'z^yX-^^-^^y H ^ 
2je IK, Eternity to com'*. 

tJlM-M5, i^y-r^, A Mj w- (HHonono- 
zomi.J Human desires or hopes. 

tJl-MON, iP^y, g P5, Stating a ques- 
tion to one's self for solution. — jito sznij 
to state a question and answer it. 

JlM-PlN, ^^i:^, A pp, (Ktogara), n. 
The kind, or quality of man. — no yol 
?i't0j a fine man, (in looks.) 

JlN, l^y, Ji^ (kHoJy n. A man, person, 
human. — skui, the human heart. — tai, 
human form. 

JlN, i^ yy ^, n. Love, benevolence 
humanity, kindness. — wa hanmin wo 
aiszru no michi, — wa watakusht no koko- 
ro ndki wo iu. 


tJlN, -K;^^, (chiri, hokorij, n. Dust, 
dirt ; fig, the world. Shutszjiuy to leave 
the world and enter on a religious life. 

Jin, ^y, pj, n. An army, troops arranged 
in ranks. — wo sonageru^ or — wo kama- 
gerUy to arrange troops in order of battle. 

— wo haruy (idem.) — wo ioru, to pilch 
a camp. — wo harauj to break up a camp. 
Senjiny the van of an aniiy. Gojiriy the 
rear. Nijin^ the second division of an 

Digitized by 



JIN s^ 

JIE i^ 

JlK, l^y, ^, n. The kidneyg. — no zoy 

Jl-NARI, 4'•^ y) , M IIj «• Noise, or rum- 
bling of an earthquake. 

JiN-CHOKB, 4-'^^^^^, ib T ^, n. 
The Daphne odora 

tJlN-DO, r^K, ^ ±, ftfWn, tftzchi), 
Dust and dirt, used by the Buddhist for 
the fashion, pleasures, honors, &c. of the 
world. — ni kegareru^ polluted by the 

JlN-DORi, 'K:^Kt;, [$ |X» w. Forming a 
camp, or pitching tents. — szru,. 

tJlN-DZU, l^y^)f^y 1^ 5§, w. Divine 
knowledge of past, present and future 
events, divine power. (Bud.) Sen-nin 
— wo yeta^ the sennin possess superhu- 
man power. 

JlNEN-BAYE, ^^ :j. > ^sf -n, g ^ ^, 
Growing of itself, wild, or without cultiva- 

JlNENGO, l>:^yif^, g ^ ft* W- The 
fruit of the bamboo. 

JlNEN-jo, ^ ^ ^'I? 3, i ^ SF, w. A 
kind of long root growing wild, much 
prized for eating. Syn. yama-Noimo, na- 


Jl-NEN, l^^-y, U ^» <^^' Spontaneous- 
ly, of itself. — to dehirtL, pix)duced spon- 
taneously. Syn. ONODZKARA, smZKN, 

JiN-GASA, ^yif-^, ^ ^, n. A kind of 
hat worn by soldier?. 

tJlN-GO, ^jyd'^ |g ^, n. End, time when 
done, finished, or exhausted. Kainen no 
(fyo-kd — arubekaradzy the new year's 
holiday will never cease. Syn. kaqiki, 


JlKGOYA, ^'yzf-T, r$ >J> ^, n. An en- 
campment, barracks. 

tJiN-JA, i^:^-^-V, jpt ji, (hami no yashi- 
ro,) n. A Miya, or Sintoo temple. 

tJiN-Jl, l>yi>,ifl^'Jl^, (kami no koto,) n, 
A Sintoo festival. 

tJix-Ji, l>yi>, tlM^ ». Love, benevo. 
lence, kindness. Syn. jihI 

Jin-j5, l>yiP^^,^/g, (yo no tszne.) 
Common, usual, ordinary, of no superior 
excellence ; delicate, genteel in form, gen- 
tle, calm, amiable. — na Ktoy an ordinary 
person, an amiable person. — ni ghobu 
shiro, contend in a calm and self-possessed 
way. Syn. nami-nami. 

JlN-Ki, ^>'+, Ale, (H'tonoU.)n. The 
mind, heart, or temper of people general- 
ly, the public mind. — ga tatsz, the pub- 
lic are roused. 

Jin-k'YO, i^^^dt^, ^ ^, Impotent, or 
worn out by excessive veneiy. — $h'te 

JlNKo, ^^Ttr*, ^ ^, «. Aloes-wood. 

tJlN-ON, l^yyty, iz S, «• Benevolence 
and favor, grace, clemency, (of superiors.) 

Jl-NORI, ryV, ^ ^, Horsemanship, 
leaning to ride. — wo szni^ to practice 

JlN-RIKl, 5^>'V +, it ^, (lamino cMka- 
rOj) n. Divine power. 

tJlN-RlN, l^yy) yy K^^^ The five hu- 
man relations, viz., parent and child, 
master and servant, husband and wife, 
elder and younger brothers, and friends. 

JlN-SEi, l^y^Aj^l^y n. A humane 

fJlN-SAKU, ^^-^^^j jifr ^, A wonderful 
stratagem or plan. 

JlN-SEN^-K^-t:^, 1$ g, n. A fan with 
iron stays used by an officer in war. 

tJlN-SHA, •? y-y^f^ ^ ^, w. A benevo- 
lent man. 

Jix-SOKU, i^^y^, a 3^, Quick, fast, in 
haste. Syn. hatai, tokD, szmiyaka. 

tJiN-szi, l^y^yl,^yi:,n. The semen. 
Syn. iNszT, REi. 

JiN-TAl, i^y^4y AU^ (Ktonoharada,) 
Kind of person. — no yoi hHo, a person 
of good character, or appearance. — ni 
niawanu koto wo tw, to talk inconsistently 
with one's position, or character. 
Syn. JiMPix, h'togara. 

JiN-YA, ^y^, WM, n. A camp. The 
castle of a Hatamoto, or Daik'wan. 

JlN-YAKU, l^y^^y^M^n. Medicmes 
used to strengthen the virile power. 

JlPPU,:^ ^y y, ff -g, n. True or false, true 
or not. — wo tadasz^ to ascertain whether 
it is true or not. Syn. zk-hi. 

JlPPU, ^' ^/, 5f ^, w. Real father. 

Jl-RAI-K'WA, r^^>5^7, :^f^iAj,„. A 
mine of powder. — wo ihi-kakeru, lo lay a 

JlRASHI,-52,-6r/t7a, l>^^y t.v. To chafe, 
to provoke, vex, irritate, tease, anno}'. 
IT 'to wo jirashi nasaruna^ niust not tease 
others. Syn. modavksasz, ki wo moma- 


JvRE.-ru.'-to, pwi-, I'.r. To be fretful, ir- 
ritable, impatient, vexed, annoyed. Kiga 
jireru, to be in a bad humor. Jirete ncduy 
to cry from vexation. Syn. modayeku, 


JlRE, •?u', w. Bad-humor, irritation, cross- 
ness. — ga kita, 
JlRETTA[;-Kl,-KU, l^t^^^^y Provoking, 

Digitized by 


JIS i> 

JIT i> 


Texatious, causbg bad-humor, or impati- 
ence. — koto da, nam wo sh'U irUy it is 
provokiog, what are you about ? — neij 
hayakutih^teokure^ be quick, don^t keep me 

t Jl-Rl, i> V , IB^ Sj (koto no dort.) n. The 
truth, or principle of anything. 

JlBl-JlBl-TO, -KV I'V f , adv. The sound of 
water beginning to boil, or of anything 
heavy scraping over a floor. — atoshizari 
izruy to move back with a grating noise. 

tJl-BlKl, i? V *, & ^> (midzkara no 
Mkara.J One's own strength, or means. 
Taihiyo — ni oyohadz, jin-riki wo ianomu 

tJi-BiTSz, or ji-Riu, i?y)7, g ^i, Of 
one's self, without the help or permission 
of others, independent. — sh^te koto wo 
9zm. Syn. h'tobi-dachi, dokuriu. 

fJl-BlYO, Vi^^, J& My ^' The treatment 
of disease. 

Jl-BIYO, i^tj^^, ^ ^, (tera-chi.) n. 
Land belonging to a temple, a glebe. 

JlBO, ^p^, 5^ 31, w. Fistula in Ano. 

JlBO-JlBO-TO, 'z^vi^vy^ ado. In a fixed, 
starmg manner. — miru, to look fixedly 
at, stare at. 

JlBORlTO, i? P V > , adv. (idem.) 

tJi-SAKAi, t'Hf*>i, :ft i^, «. Boundary 
of land. 

tJl-SAKU, -^-4^^, g f^, (midzkara iszku- 
ru.) Made by one's self. — no uta, a song 
composed by one*s self. — no hotoke^ gods 
made by one's self. 

fJl-SAN, i^-^y^^ fjl^y (midzkara homeru.) 
Poetry, or a song written in one's own 
praise, self praise. Syn. ji-man. 

Jl-SAN, ^-^y, ^ ^, (mochimwruA To 
take away, or bring. — itashttnashoj I will 
take it away. 

Jl-SAN-KIN, ^^y^y^ ^ ^ ^y n. A 
bridal present of money. 

fJl-SBl, i^ "fe ^ , ff^ H^, 72. Poetry composed 
by a person about to die. — wo yomu. — 

Jl-SEI, f-k^, }& Ift, (osamareru yo,) A 
time of peace, tranquil and peaceful age. 

Jl-SEI, ^-t^, fli ^, (toki no ikioi.) n. 
Present power, the power of the country at 
the time. — wa otoroyeia, the power has 
declined. — m makaseru, to comply with 
the force or circumstances of the times. 

Jl-SETSZ, -^ -t v', ^ liJ, n. The time, sea- 
son, times. — ga warui^ the times are bad, 
Hana no Jiirdni — ninatta, the time of 
the blooming of flowers has come. — no 
ihina de naki mono, a thing out of its prop- 

er season. — iorai, the time has come. 
Warui koto hakari ni atte, — to akirameru, 
meeting with nothing but bad luck, he 
resigned himself to bis fate. Ima no — ni 
awanUj unsuitable to present times. 

Jl-SHA, i?'y^, ^ li, (tera, yashiro.) 
Buddhist and Sintoo temples. — hugiyo^ 
superintendant of Buddhist and Sintoo 

tJl-SHA, l^-y^, f^ ^, n. An attendant, 
servant, minister. Syn, o-soba. 

Jl-SHAKU, l^t/»^^, jt ;&, n. A load- 
stone, magnet, a mariner's compass. 

tJl-SHi,-5zri^,-5/A'^a, i^^;u, J^, t.v. To 
decline, excuse one's self from, refuse. — 
Okuri-mono wojistm, to decline a present. 


tJi-SBi,-52rz^,-sA'^a, r;^;»-, fjpT, tv. To 
cure, heal. Yamai wo — , to cure disease. 
Jiahi-gataij difficult to cure. Syn. naosz. 


tJl-SHl-lS-SHO, or JlSSHl-lSSflO, •? yj^/f 
yy^ ♦, + 3t-^ 4» Ten chances for dy- 
ing and only one for living, at great risk 
of life, dangerous, hazardous. — no tator 
kai wo nassy to fight where there was 
every probability of being killed. . 
Syn. Kin, sni issuo. 

Jl-SHlN, ^yy, ftfe 3R, ^ An earthquake. 

— ^ yoruy — there is an earthquake. 
Syn. NAi. 

Jl-SHlN, i^t^y, Q ^, n. One's self, self. 

— de koshirayerUj made it myself. — wo 
homeruy to praise one's self. 


Ji-SHiN-BAN, i^-yy^^y, g Jp #, ». A 

watch supported by the citizens of the 

tJlSHlSEN, r^-fe^, ^ ^ it, n. Rent 
paid for land, ground rent. 

Jl-SHO, -K^^^'V, ftfe »^, n. Quality, or 
nature of the soil. — ya yoi. — ga 

JlSHSHi, l^l^' ^^ w. True or real 
child, own child, 

||JlSHSHO, i>-;i/^^, 5|f JE, Sound in 
mind. Shinu-toki — de atta, was sound 
in mind at the hour of death. Kin-sz 
shakuyo tszkamatszri soro • tokoro — 

tJl-TA, i?^, g 'fife. Self and others. Ba- 
taraki kotoha ni — no shahetsz ga aru, 
verbs are divided into transitive and in- 

tJlTA-BlYO-DO, :^^ t'^^ K^, U^^^y 
Self and others alike. — ni mono wo 
waritszkeru to divide equally, giving to 
others as to one's self. 

Digitized by 



JIY i^ 

JO r 

Jl-TAI, 1>^A, ^ 5^, DecliniDg, refusing, 

excusing one's self. — wrw. 

Syn. JiszRu, ji-gi, inamu. 
II JlTA-JlTA-TO, ^ ^ -^ ^ f , adv. In a wet, 

moist, manner. Midz ga iica hara — ochi- 

ruy the water trickles from the rocks. 
Ji-t6, -K f ♦, Jfe H, 72. The lord of the 

estate or manor. Syn. riOshu. 
tJl-TOKU, ^ b ^, g #, (midzkara yeru), 

To know naturally ; to receive according 

to one's deeds. Sei-jin wa umare nagara 

— sKte oru, the sages naturally compre- 
hend all things. 

JlTSZ, -^ ^, B, (hi) «. The sun, day. 

— getsz imada chi ni ochidz. 
Syn. KiCHi. 

JlTSZ, •? 5^, 5R> (makoto), True, real, not 
false. Sono hanaski wa — ^, is that 
story true ? — tco inotte majitcaru, to be 
sincere in one's intercourse with others. 

— ga aru, sincere. — ga tuti^ false, insin- 

JlTSZ-BO, i? ^»K, H ;^, n. Real, or true 

JlTSZl,- -^iJ^/f , H 3^, w- Sincerity. 

JlTSZ-Jl, i? 5^5:^, 5f -^j ^* ^ true or real 

Ji-TSZKi,-X;^,-z^a, -K ^^ , :% ^, ». t\ To 
be a permanent resident, or fixed to a 
place by owning a house, or land. Yoko- 
hama nijiUzita mono de wa nat\ he b not 

■ a fixed resident of Yokohama • 

Jl-TSZKl, -K5^#, Jfe iS, w. Pounding the 
ground to render it compact before build- 
ing. — wo ssru, 

JlTSZ-MlYO, i^^J^^^^jJE^J ^- ^^^^ 

JiTSZ-Nl, i? 5^:1, H, adv. Really, truly, 
indeed. Syn. makoto-ni, uon-ni. 

JlTSZRASHll,-KI,-SHI,-KU, i? ^^ "^ >" A ^ 
a. Having an appearance of truth, sincer- 
ity, reality, or honesty. — hanaski, a 
story that has the semblance of truth. 

JlTTEl, ^"^tAj ^ ^, n. A metal 
mace carried by poUcemen. — tco funi, 
to brandish a mace. 

JiTTEl, l^^fA, H H, Honest, upright, 
sincere. — na h'to. 

JlTTO, l^^y, adc. Fi.xedly, firmly, steadily, 
without motion. — sh^te ire, hold still. 

— mtru, to look steadfastly at any thing. 

— te tco shimeruy to squeeze the hand 

JiTTOKU, 5? V> ^, tt ^, w. A kind of 
coat worn by priests, and old men. 

JlTAKU, i^-V^, ^ ^, n. Medicine which 
one is in the constant habit of taking, 

mostly as a tonic. — ni szru^ to doctor 
one's self. 

tJl-YO, i>3y g ^, Other, not one's 
own. — no koto, another thing. — no 
Ntohito^ other people. 

JlYU, -^J^^, g ^, Freely, at one's own 
pleasure, without constraint, voluntarily, 
convenient. — ni szru to do as one 
pleases. — ni nara nat, cannot do as I 
please, or not to one's mind. — niaaseru^ 
to let another do as he pleases. — jitai 
ni^ freely and easily. Shin-sho ga — 
de naij to be hampered in one's circum- 
stances. — niugohu, to mOve freely with- 
out obstruction. 

Jl-ZAI, i?^^M ,g ^, Freely, easily, at 
one's own pleasure, without obstruction. 

JlZAI-KAGI; l?-^'Mj^, & ^ ^, w. A 
hook, used for hanging pots over a fire, 
which can be raised or lowered to suit the 

||Jl-ZORl, i^ y i; , g 1^1], «. Shaving oneV 
self. — wo szru. 

Jo, i^3, ^, n. The preface of a book. 
— wo kahu, Syn. hashigaki. 

Jo, ^'3, T^j, (onna)^n. A woman. 
Syn. NiYo, ME. 

Jo, i^-v^, f^, ( kokoro )y n. Emotion, 
passion, feeling, love, affection, obstinacy. 
Sh'cht jo the seven passions, viz., joy, 
anger, sorrow, pleasure, love, hatred, 
desire. — wo haru, to be stubborn, 
obstinate. Go jo na motw, or jo no kmmi 
mmio, an obstinate person. — ga naiy no 
feeling of kindness, or pity. 

Jo, i^^^, ;5j^, (shtro),n. A castle, the 
residence of a nobleman, or prince. — 
shUj the lord of a castle. — chiuy inside 
of a castle. — nai, (idem.) — y'trat, 
outside of a castle. — shiy a messenger 
from the ShOgun to a Daimio. 

Jo, ^'^^, U, n. A lock. — to kagiy 
lock and key. — wo orosz, to lock. — 
wo akerit^ to unlock. 

Jo, i^^^, JLj(^w)' Superior, best, to 
go up, ascend. — cMu ge^ three qualities 
of superior, middling, and inferior. — 
hin, superior quality. Gokujo, the very 
best. Miyako yejo-ge szrii, to go and re- 
turn from Miyako. Syn. kami, agabu, 


Jo, r 7, ^ifi, «. A quire of paper, (of some 
kinds, 20 sheets malie a quire, of others 
40 sheets,) a book that folds up like a fan. 
Kami ichijo, one quire of paper. 

Jo, 5r^, ^, n. Article, item, particular. 
San jo no okile^ three separate laws. Ifosz- 
jo so't naku soro, no mistake in what jou 

Digitized by 


JOD i^ 

JOJ i> 


said, jufit as you said. Mxgi no jo jo ^ the 
above items. 

Jo, l^^^y^j (fi^^Oy *• ^ letter. — 
tro yaruy to send a letter. Syn. t£oami. 

tJo, i^B-fy, ^, n. An old man, (only 
used in the Drama). — to vhay old man 
and old woman. 

Jo, ^^^, ^, Mister, appended to names, 
not so respectful as Soma. Kihujiro jo 
ye yaruy give it to Mister KikujirO. 

Jo, •^•v^, JJj, Used in calling, or respect- 
fully addressing young ladies. jo son, 

Jo, 7^7,4' Used in counting mats. To- 
iconitckijoy one mat. Tatarni nijo^ two 

Jo, ^'-v ^, ^, (takejj n. A measure of 
ten feet in length. Isshaku to ichijoy ten 
feet make one pole. Tammono no — ^^ 
mijtkai, this piece of cloth is short in 

J6-AI, ^-v^rb, fd >^, ». Mutual affec- 
tion, or love, civility, courteousncss Fu- 
funo — ffa utnranUf there is no love be- 
tween the husband and wife. — no not 
Kto day he is an uncivil person. 

fJo-BA, i?3i>^^, ^ ,^, (nortuma),n. A 
saddle horse. 

J6-BAN, ^^^yfy, ^ §, n. A watch 
or guard placed to protect a place. 

JoBlTA, i^^'^t'^, J: ^, Superior, ex- 
cellent, fine. — h'to, an excellent man. 

tJo-BOKU, i?^^7j:^, J: TfC, To print, 
(as a book^. 

tJo-BOKU, -^3 1^^'^, H ^,Cszmtnawa)y 
n. The blackened line used by carpenters. 

J6-BU, ^^^T'y ^ ^y Strong, firm, 
solid, bale, in good health, courageous, 
safe. — na h'to, a robust man. — 7ia 
hashdra, a strong pillar. — de gozarimas, 
he is well. 
Syn. TASH'KA, Tszroi. 

Jo-bun, l^^^tyy J: ^y(himinohihu). 
To tell to a superior. — ni tasszrUj to 
report to a superior. 

Jo-BUTSZ, i^^^r^y J^ ^, (Hotoke ni 
nwru). To become a god, — to enter 

tJo-CHlU, r*^^,^A^ «• A tape- 
worm. Syn. 9ANADAMU3HI. 

Jo-DAl, i?^t»f^/f, ^ f^, n. A person 
who has the charge of a castle in the ab- 
sence of the lord. 

Jo-DAN, l^^^^y, fl 0f, n. Sport, 
play, jest, joke, iun. — wo iu^ to jest, 
joke. — izru^ to sport, frolic, to make 
fun. Syn. tawamijre. 

J6-DAN, ^^^^^, ± Ix) w- A raised 

floor in temples or houses ; upper row, or 

Jo-DO, }>^^Yy^ ±,f%oib'iMnO.The 
clean country, holy land, or paradise of 
the Buddhists. 

JoDo, i^^^^ty, j5^ J|r, To becoYne per- 
feet, ro a god, si id of iSkcika Niuraiy after 
passing through his 12 years of discipline; 
which is now commemorated on the 8th 
day of the 12th month. 

Jo-DZ, ^^♦y, ± ^, Skilful, expert 
dexterous, adept. — na Kto. — ni dekita, 
well done. — ka heta hi shirenUy don't 
know whether he is skilful or not 
Syn. TAKtiMi. 

Jo-FU, r^^7, ^ )^yn. A prince who 
resides all the time at Yedo. 

Jo-FU, i^ Arty 7, J^ ;(^^ n. Grass cloth 
of the finest quality. 

Jo-FUKU, l>^^y^y % %, n. (^tewitf 
no hinnono). Common clothes, such as 
are usually worn. 

tJo-GKN, ':>^^^'y, J: X, n. The 15th 
day of 1st month. 

J5-GI, -K^i^^, % ^, 71. A ruler for 
drawing lines. 

Jo-go, -j^^ot, J^ ^, n. A funnel, 
(fig.) a sot, drunkard. 

tJo-GO, -KY^Vory, ^ |j|, Fixed fate, 
doom, or retribution decreed for deeds 
done in a previous state. (Bud.) 

Jo-GON, V>3::ty^ ^ -^^ (taszheru koto^ 
ha) To prompt, or assist another by speak- 
ing, to dictate. Shohugoto ni — wo 9zru 
koto nakare, don't prompt one in playing 

Jo-HAI, ^^^^\y\y J: H, (wige no tomo- 
gara.) Superiors, the great, the upper 
class of people. — wa ge-hai wo awaremUy 
the great feel compassion for the lower 

Jo-HARl-NO-KAGAMI, l^^^/sXj ^ jj if X ^ 
W Wi^^y ^' A mirror in Hades, 
which reflects the good or evil deeds, 
which those that look into it, have done 
while in the world. 

Jo-HIN, i?Art>t:^, -t ppj Superior in 

Jo-Ho, r-Vi^/Ny, ^S, Fixed rules, stip- 
ulated articles of a treaty, laws. 

Jo-i,-5zrw, -^-yt^^, H jit, (kuraiwo 
yudzru.) To abdicate the throne. 

Jo-I, v^^^Ay J: 3Kj ^- '^^^ niJ"<l> or 
wish of a lord. 

Son.-dzru.-ta, ^^3^5"^;^, ^, tv.- To 
ride: fig. to avail one's self of an opportu- 
nity. Mhna ni jodzm^ to ride a horse. Hm 

Digitized by 



JOP ■> 

JOY 5? 

ni jojite ikma wo ohosZy took advantage of 
the event to declare war. Yei ni — j car- 
ried away with intoxication, under the in- 
fluence of wine. Syn. nortj, tszke-komu. 

Jo-JITSZ, -K-v ^ i^ 5^, ^ B , (sadamareru 
hi.) • Fixed day, set day. Sam-pachi wa 
kenjtdsz no jo-jitszy the fixed days for 
fencing are the days of the month which 
have a 3 and 8 in them. 

Jo- J 6, ^-v^^^-v^jJlJ:, Best, highest 
in quality. Goku — , the very best. — 
kichi, (idem.) 

Jo-JU, z^^^l^^, ^ WLf To complete 
finish, perfect. Ji/e nofushin — itash'ta^ 
have finished building the house. Mada 
— sentb, not yet completed. Ne^ai ga — 
sHta^ my petition has been granted. 


Jo-JUN, i?-v^-?^:^, J: '&J, w. The first 
ten days of the month. 

Jo-KA, i^-V'^Tt;, JS T> w. The town in 
the vicinity of a castle. 

tJo-KAl, ';>»^^^A^ i^^^n. The uppers 
world, paradise. (Bud.) 

Jo-KAKU, 'K^ ♦ Tt; ^; ^ >Kf> «• The esta- 
blished rules. 

Jo-KI, ^^♦+, J: ^, «. Arush of blood 
to the head. — izru. Syn. nobose, j6- 

Jo-KI, i?3^^r, 3E ^, ». Steam. — ga 
tatsz, she steam begins to rise. 
Syn. YD-GE. 

JOK'SHA, ^3^*5x-r, ^^¥,11. A 
steam car, locomotive. — michiy a rail- 

Jo-KO, ^-v^a, Jt -^j w. Remote anti- 
quity. Syn. iNisniYK, mukashi. 
tJ5-K0, l^^^fj^, •^ §, n. Perpetual 

Jo-KO-BAN, l^^^ij^>^y, %^iSLy^' 

An incense dish, a censer, 
Jo-MAYE, -K-^r^-^-s, $t, n. A lock. 
tJ6-ME, ^ 3 ♦>?« , ^ ,?|, (nori m'ma.) n. 

A horse for riding. 
Jo-MI, i^Y^^, J: E., n. A holiday on 

the 3rd day of the 3rd month. 
J6-M1YAKU, ^^♦^^i^, ^JR, n. A 

tJo-MlYo, -K^^ ^ ^♦j ^ ^, (sadamatta 

inochi.) w. The fixed period, or duration 

of life. 
J6-M0KU, r«^^, ^ @, n. Edict, pro- 

clsdnation, notice. Syn. ka-jO. 
JoPPABi, i^>r^ v^^N- V , ff 5i, Obstinate, 

stubborn. — na mono. 

Jo-RAKU, i? ^ ♦ :? ^ , ± fS, Going op to 
the Capital 

Jo-RIKI, -^3 9 #, 1^ i^, (chUcara wo tan- 
heru.) w. Aid, help, assistance. 

J6-R1KU, j^-v^y V^, J: ^, Disembark- 
ing, landing from a ship, going ashore. 


tJo-RiYAKU,-«zrw, •^•v^V-v^, It HJf, 
To abridge by cutting oJBT the beginning, 
or first and complimentary part of a letter. 

J6-RO, ^^^77, JlBS, w. Afemaleof- 
ficer in the house of a noble. 

Jo-RO, ya-^^j jfc SP, n* A prostitute, 
harlot. In ancient books pronounced 
Jo-roy meaning a woman. 

JoRO, i? 3 ♦ P, PK ^, w- A kind of water- 

JORO- JORO TO, ^3V^3v\^ ad/c. Rip- 
pling of flowing water. — nagareru^ to 
flow in a rippling current. 

J5R0-YA, -^3^^^, A KP M, »». A 
house of ill-fame. 

JoRURl, i? Y ^;w V , ?? JS m, n. A kind 
of musical drama or song. — vh) hatanu 

J0SA1NAI,-KI,-SH1,-KU, ^3^^^-^/[, |fe£ 
in ^y Active, smart, careful, industrious. 
— hHo. Syn. yudan-nat. 

tJ6-8Ei, i^^^^A, ilS, n. Remote 
times, the fabulous age. 

J5-SEi,-s«rw, iP3^A^ Hi Jjg, {Uuzh- 
nasz.) To aid, help, assist, to contribute. 

Jo-SEN, i^ 3 'V-l: ^, S| jS, {/«w/f ni nonu) 
To embark in a slup, to saQ in a ship. 

Jo-SHIKI, I'-y^^'*, £ ^, w. Establish- 
ed rule, or custom. 

Jo-SHOKU, 4-'3^^3>^, tJc ^, Beauty of 
women. — ni mago, fascinated by a pret- 
ty woman. 

tJo-SHi,-szrw,-s7i*^a, :?3^;^,^, t.v. To 
promote to a rank, to confer a brevet, or 
title upon. 

t Jo-SHi,-s«rw,-s7i'^a, I' 3 ^ ;V, ^, To ex- 
cuse, to pardon, to bear patiently, to be 
indulgent to. 

Jo-SHO-JIN, -^^^t/^^l^y, '^ £} ^, 
Perpetual abstinence from fish, or flesh of 
any kind. 

Jo-TAN, l^^^y^^ ^yn. A screen, or 
fender placed over a brazier. 

Jo-YA, t'3 Y; K^ ^g, M. The last night of 
the old year, new year's eve. 
Syn. Omisoka no yo. 

J6-YAKU, ^-V^-v^, ^ $5, n. A cove- 
nant, agreement, treaty, alliance. — ^co 
muszhuj to make a treaty. — tco (agaUy to 
break a treaty, 


Digitized by 


JUtt v> 

JUM i> 


tJ6-YE, i^^^ai, ^ ^, n. Official robes 
worn by Buddhist priests. 

fJo-YO, i?3 3, ^ ^9 {yama no mo,) n. 
A long edible root growing wild. 

JozA, i^-v^-y, J: ^, An upper, or high 
seat. A word affixed to the name of a 
deceased person by the Buddhists signi- 
fying his rank. 

Ju, -^7, +, (id.) Ten. — huichi, one 
tenth. — mn-nami, an average kind of 

Ju, f'^x ^ , 3|j (kasane,) The numeral for 
things placed one above another, as boxes, 
stories of a tower, folds of cloth, the same 
also as Ju hako. Kujuno tOy a nine storied 

Jc-AKU, i^7 T^, + S» «• The ten sins 
of the Buddhists. \nz., Seshoho, killing 
any thing that has life. Ckuto^ stealing. 
Tonyokuy covetousness. Gu-chij foolish- 
ness. Ja-inj adultery. Mdgo. lying. Kigo^ 
scoffing. AJckoy cursing. Ittydutaz, double- 
tongued. Shmt\ anger. 

Ju-BAKO, i'jx^;.t3, S ^, n. A nest of 
boxes connected together by a handle. 

Ju-BAN, i^^^^y^ f§ f^, n. A shirt. 
Syn. UAD.\oi. 

Ju-BIN, r ^ ^ VT ^, H: 01, (kcuanete no 
lay or L) Another opportunity. — nimoshi- 
ayeru,. K5-BiN. 

Ju-BIYO, -K^L^k'^^, J; ^, {omoU ya- 
mai^) n, A severe sickness. 
Syn. TAI-BIY6. 

Ju-BUN, i^ 7 r ^, + ^, Full, as much as 
any tiling will hold, abundant, plenty, 
enough, — ni tahemasKta^ have eaten to 
the full. — nareba kohore yaszi, when a 
thing is full it is easily spilt. — ni aru, 
have plenty, or enough. — da wa nai, 
it is not full. Syn. tak*san, tappuri. 

Ju-DAl, t'^ ♦ ^^ , S f^, Many genera- 
tions. — no katana, a sword come down 
from one's ancestors for several genera- 

tJu-DAl, i^7^>f, A ft, To enter the 
Mikado's harem. — wo nasz. 

Ju-Do, i^^^^, HJg, {kosH no miehi.) 
The doctrines of Confucius, Confucian- 

Ju-DZ, 3^ ^ ^, tJ: l|» w. A rosary. — 
v^ tmnagnru, to tell the rosary, 

Ju-GAKU, ^*jL;!r^, ^ J^, Studying the 
works of Confucius. 

tJu-GI, i^y^y-j; ^, n. The ten relative 
'virtues of the Confucian ists, viz., bene- 
volence in the master, fidelity of servants, 
parental love, filial-piety, brotherly love, 


conjugal affection, kindness of the elder 

and submission of the younger, 
t Ju-GIYO, i^ 7 ^ 3 , A ^> To go in, enter 

(used only of the Mikado.) 
t Ju-JAKU, i^ ^ ^ ^ ^ , ^ |g , Weak,feeblc, 

unfit for service, invalid. Syn. niojaKU, 


Ju-Jl, -K^^4-', 'g^ ^, «. The superior, or 

rector of a Buddhist temple. Syn. osaO. 
Ju-ju, f j. ^ f jx ^ , ;g J|,(^a«aw gasane) 

Repeated, over and over, again and again, 

time and again. Syn. dan-dan. 
tJu-JUN, l^^i^^y, ^ JR, Gentle, mild, 

Ju-JUTSZ, i^^-?^^, H '^, n. The art 

of wrestling, or of throwing othere by 

sleight. Syn. yawara. 
Ju-KIYO, -K^^y^H, ^Jg, (szmai), n. 

Residence, dwelliog. 
t JUKKAI, l^^^;^^?^,^^, ( omoi wo 

noheru), Telling the thoughts. — szrn. 
tJuKKEl, i?^^'^^, ^ ft, {tedate haJca- 

rigoto), n. Plan, device, stratagem* — wo 

iszkusz, to exhaust every plan. 

Syn. bOkei, KEi-RirAKU, sakc. 
JUKKON, S^^^ay, fijg. Intimate, 

friendly. — no mq/rwariy intimate friend- 
ship. Syn. NKNGORO. 

JUKU, i^^^j^.n. A private school, a 
study-room. Dare no — ni itta deshi doy 
whose school do you go to ? 

JvKV-DAN,y^^^y,^f^^ To talk over 
fiilly or thoroughly. 

JvKVsnij-sz-sh'ta, l^^^^^ 3^, i,v. To 

be ripe, mature, mellow, thorough, perfect. 

Kaki ga jtihish'tay the persimmon is ripe. 

Gaktnnon ga — , ripe in learning. Mada 

jtihishimasen^ not yet ripe. Syn, umu. 

JUKU-SHI, l^^^'y,^^, n. A ripc- 

tJuKU-SZl, l^^^^A,^^,n. A sound 

tJu-MAN, l^^^^y^ % Jg|, (michimitsz' 
ru)y Full, abounding. — szni, to fill, 
abound. Gunzei ga no yama ni — szruy 
the army covered the plains and hills.. 

JUM-BAN, i^:i.y,^y, j^ §, Regular or- 
der, regular succession or turn, according 
to the number. — ni tsidoineru^ to serve 
in regular order. — de huru^ to come in 
regular succession. 
Ju-MIYO, ^^ ^ ^ijr, ^ ^, n. Life. Na^ 
gai — , long life. — ga nobim^ life is 
lengthened out. — ga mijilcai^hx^ life was 
short. Sjn. Ingcui. 
tJu-MOKr, •.•a^^, :^ ;f:, (^7), n. A 

Digitized by 



JUN i^ 


Ju-MON, i^^^^,5E3SC> w. A written 
prayer, charm, spell or incantation. — wo 
tonayerUy to say over an incantation. 

Ju-MON-JI, 1^7 ^yi^^ + X ^> ^- The 
character for t^n, shape of a cross. — ni 
h'ru^ to cut into quarters, or crosswise. — 
no yari, a spear with a head in the shape 
of a cross. 

tJuM-PiTSZ, l^^yy^^^^^^y n. Money 
paid for writing. 

JUM-PU, i>a.yf^^ )i ®, w. A favor- 
able wind. 

JuN, l^^y^ Jjl, Regular, in order, in 
proper succession. — ni yuku, to go one 
after the other in regular order. — tco 
midasz, to derange the order. Syn. shidai. 

JuN-DATSz,-52r2*, i^^y^^, jfeS? '•*'• 
To pass from one to another in order. 
O'fure wo — , to pass around a govern- 
ment order. 

tJuN-DO, l^^y^^,}f^f&j w. The proper 
road, right way. 

tJuN-GlYAKU, s^riy^^^^ Jg Jg, Fair 
and foul, favorable and unfavorable, for- 
wards and backwards, right and left, 
direct and reverse. Kuruma wo — ni 
mawasZy to turn a wheel in a direct and 
reverse way. 

JuN-GURl, i^^y^^), M.'^f Regular or- 
der or turn, one after the other. — nt 
Kto wo tszkauy to employ men in reg- 
ular turn. 

tJu-NlN, r^^:i^, ^ A J {sztnU'Kto),n. 
Inhabitant, resident. 

JuNJi,-rw, or dzrUj-tay 1^:3. y^fU ^, 
To resemble, to compare, to lil^en. Ano 
koto wa hore ni jwijite shiru heshiy that 
may be known by comparing it with 
this. Syn. nazoro, kuraberu, yosoykru. 

tJuN-JO, i^:3.yi^B^, iP Hj w. A line 
and level, the laws. 

JUN-JUN-Nl, i^:3.yi^:3.y, )K JK' ^^^' ^^ 
order, regular turn, regular succession, 
by turns, consecutively. 

tJuN-KO,-5zn^, l^^yfj^jM^, (megu- 
ri-aruku)^ To go around. Sho-sJio wo — , 
to go about in every place. 

tJuN-K'WAK, i^^y^V yy^^.n. Rev- 
olution, circulation. — szru^ to revolve, 
circulate. Tstkl no — , the revolution of 
the moon. China — , circulation of the 

Ju-NO, ^7y^, iHC^jW. A fire-shovel. 

Jun5, :^:3.-^^, ^ j^, To receive. Ohtri 
mono wo — UzkamaUzri soro, have receiv- 
ed the present. Go — kudasaru heku soro, 
please recei^ve it. Syn. rKRRt, osameru. 

JUN-BEI, i^=Ly\yj{^ jgj j^l, (meffuri oya- 
mu), One who goes about from temple 
to temple to worship. — szru, to go 
about, &c. Jin-ja btdckahi wo — szm, 

Jun-8AI, i^ jx J^^^/f , ^ ^, n. A kind of 
water plant. Limnanthemum peltatom. 
Syn. NUN AW A. 

JuN-SHI, z^^yt^y yfy y^y Accompanying 
to Hades, as servants who commit suicide 
on the death of a master. Chiu-skin wo 
shHe — seshimvru oahimuheki kctna. 

tJuN-SHOKU, i^^y-y^^^ Jg ^, Re- 
storing a color to its original brightness. 
Syn. IRO-AOB. 

tJuN-Szi, i>^y^4y i% ^, Pure, un- 
adulterated, unmixed. 

JUN-TAKU, i^^y^^y JPI ^, {urvoi 
uruosz). To enrich, to promote prosperity, 
to benefit. Jinrsei tami wo — sz^ 

t Junto, i^:J-y\^y JIR ^, 'n. Smallpox, 
that is uncomplicated, and goes through 
its regular stages. 

Junto, i^^y^^, )lg ^, Regular or- 
der or turn, regular succession. 

JUN-\0SH1, l^^y^^'^y)^"^ ^y n. A 
younger brother adopted as a son and 

Ju-o, •^y!?^, + 3E> ^- The ten kings 
of Hades. 

Ju-RAl, i^7f 4, A Jj5, To come, visit 
Go — kudasaru heku soro, please make me 
a visit. Syn. korai, oidk. 

tJu-RAI, i^^^-f^, tK ^j«<^- Origin- 
ally, previously, hitherto, from the first. 


tJu-RiN,-5S!rw, i^i;i) y, ^ M^ (Mm 
nijiru). To grind, or crush with the foot 

t JuRiyo,-szrt^, ^ •* V -^ ♦ , S fS» Giving 
the title of sovereign of a country to 
any one, as, Mizen no kand wo — szrUy to 
give the title of Hizen no kami. 

Ju-r6, 1^7 ^^y A ^> (^^y« «» «''^» 
To send to gaol. Zainin wo — sznu — 
moshi'tszkeruy to condemn to imprison- 

Ju-SHA, i?^S/-v, ^ ^, «. AConfuci- 
anist, one who teaches and explains the 
writings of Confucius. 

tJu-SHA, ^^^^^, ^ ^, w. Attendant, 
follower. — no indz sono hungen ni tzg»- 
hekaradzy must not have a larger number of 
attendants than comports with his station. 
Syn. TOMo. 

Ju8Hi,-5z,-s7A7a, ^jLtjr^, ^, f.r. To 
reside, dwell. Syn. szmu, oru. 

Ju-SHO, f'^^J^H, # ^, n. A dwelling 
place, residence. Syn. szmika. 

Digitized by 


KA i$ 

KAB ij 


JusHOKU,-«irw, -K^'>^'3^, ft JH, To 
reside in a monastery. 

Ju-SH0KU,-«5rtt, i^jLijry^, 3£ SI9 (»«- 
clnfwagaru). To obstruct, hinder, block 
up a way. Ja-do set-jin no unichi wa — 

Ju-TAKU, ^^^f^y ^^j(9^ilM)jn. 
Dwelling, residence. iSyn. ju-kito. 

JuTSZ, i?-*5^>fl5, n. Art, science, rules, 
principles, artifice, trick. Ufna ni noru 
fd — ga aru, there are rules to be observ- 
ed in riding a horse. Tekino — nt ockirUy 
to fall into a trap laid by the enemy. 

f JUYO, •? 7 3 , A ll^j (^<*» *^o ireru). To 
place a daughter in a norimon to go to 
the bridegroom^s house, (used only of the 
Emperor). Mmzme datri ni — ihifimkHa, 

tJuT0,-5zrt*, 5^^3, Jg %(mdzkeata' 
yeru). To give. 

^^> * > KC» ♦»• A munquito. — ga sasz, the 
musqnito bites. — wo ibusz^ to smoke oflf 
musquitoes. •— nihmcareta, bitten by mus- 

Ka, ijj §, n. Smell, odor, scent, perfume. 
— too kagu, to smell a perfume. I fcr, a 
delightful odor. Kono dux-wan sake no ha 
ga aruy this tea cup smells of ioke. — wo 
Umieru, to perfume, scent. Ka ga Hhoyeru, 
to perceive an odor. MiUz-bachi — wo 
sh'tOy the bee scents the perfume. 
Syn. Moi, KAOhi, kObashi. 

Ka, if, ^, n. A load for a man. Midz ikka, 
a load of water. Szmi go-jikJca, fifty loads 
of charcoal. Syn. kinai, ni. 

Ka, ij ,^j K classifier for periods of time, 
countries. Ihka tszki, one month. Ni ka 
Uakiy two months. San ga kokuy three 

Ka -fly ^j An interrogative particle, «= to 
tlie interrogation mark, ? Atta ka, have 
you found it ? Omaye Yedo ye oide nasarti 
ka, are you going to Yedo V With a neg- 
ative it expresses a strong affirmative. 
Toi Ktoja naika, what a fine man he is. 
Ammari no fmhingi-na yume ja nai ka, 
what an exceedingly strange dream. 

A particle expressing doubt, if, whether, 
or. Donna san kita ka miyo, see if the 
master has come. Amefuru ka furanu lea 
Mre-nai, I dou^t know whether it will rain 
or not. Aru ka to omo, I think there are. 
Aru ka mo shirenai, I don't know whether 

there are. lUz-ka watakusJii no toko ye 
kita Kto da, he came to my house some 
time ago. Don-na yume da ka hanash'te 
hkase^a, tell me what kind of a dream it 
was. Syn. ya. 
Ka-ai, or Kawai, ijrAy/^ ^, Dar- 
ling, beloved, dear. KaaikiUe nara-naiy 
exceedingly dear. Kore tea ichiban kawai 
ko da, this is the child I love best. 
Syn. it5shu. 

U,-SA, * r >f f J^'f , rT * ft Darling, 
beautiful, pretty, lovely, -r kodoVno, a 
darling, or pretty child. 

Ka-ai-so, or Kawaiso, jjrA-^^, rT 
ft ;te, Pitiable, a condition to be pitied, 
cruel. — na koto da, it is a cruel thing, or 
a thing to be pitied. 

Kaba, jj ^t, ifjjp, A kind of flowering 

KABAi,-a?4,-a</a, 75r >^ 7, t,v. To cov- 
er or shield from danger or injury, to 
keep in safety, to protect, to screen, de- 
fend, guard, preserve. Niwatori ko wo ka- 
hau, the hen protects her chickens. Dai- 
kon wo tszchi ni kahatte oku, to put rad- 
ishes in the ground to preserve them. 


Ka-bakari, ij^^ij\), ^1^, This much, 
so much, such as this. — no kane, so much 
money. — no daiji, such an important 
matter as this. Syn korkhodo. 

Ka-ban, ijA^y, Jp §, n. A reinforce- 
ment to the number of a guard or watch.' 
— ««"M, to increase a guard. 

Kabane, ijy^:^, P, n, A dead body, 
the carcass of a man. Syn. suigai, shika- 


tKABANE, -h^^^, ]jj, 71. The clan name, 

same as Sei, which see. 
Kabe, Hj^, U, n. Plaster, a plastered 

wall. — wo mwuy to plaster. — ni mimi 

arty Kto no utcasa wo szru koto nakarcy 

there are ears in the wall, so don't tattle 

about others. — goshi mono wo iu, to* talk 

to another through a wall. 
Kabe-NURI, ij^Jf\), M M> ^- -^ P^*s- 

terer, plastering. — wo szru, to be engaged 

in plastering. Syn. sakanva. 
Kabe-sh'taji, ij^y^^,MyiJi7n.The 

lathing on which plaster is daubed. 

Syn. KOMAI. 
Ka-bi, jjh', iK i^, «. Fire made to smoke 

away musquitoes. 
KabI, 7t;t', j|j[, n. Mould, mildew. P<7n 7it 

— ga hayeta, the bread is mouldy. — ga 

dekiia it is mouldy. 
KABl,-r?^,-f(7, ii b';u. 5§, X. r. To mould, 

Digitized by 



KAB ij 

KAC jj 

mildew. Pan ga hahimasKta^ the bread 
has moulded. 

Kabj-kusai, -h^e^^A, AH :^> Mouldy 
and stiuking. 

KABl-TSZKl,-fc2i,-i^a, ji'^'^^y fin ^j 
To be mouldy. 

Kabocha, 7l?»Kf-y, # ^ JR, n. A pump- 
kin, named after the country Cambojia, 
from which it was first brought. 
Syn. tOnasz. 

tKA-BU, jj 7*, SIfe %^ (ulai^au) Singmg 
and dancingy as in an opera. 

Kabu, jj^y ;^, n. The stump of a tree. 
A government license, a guild, or frater- 
nity of personH engaged in the same kind 
of business; a habit or custom to which one 
is addicted. Ki no — , stump of a tree. — 
wo morau, to get a license. — wo «rw, to 
sell one's license. Toiya no — 7ii hairuj to 
enter the guild of commission merchants. 
— tvo iuy to say something that one is 
in the habit of saying. 

Kabu, ij7\ l^f , n. A turnip. 

Kabuki, ijT^y ®:|BHi, n. A kind of 

Kabuki, ijY^, ^ /f^> w. A horizontal 
piece of timber over a gate, a lintel. 

Kabuki-mon, ijT^^y, ^ /K P^, »- A 

gate with a lintel over it. 

fKA-BUN, ijy"y, HF P^Ij (shimo ni id,) 
Inquiring of a low person. Kimshi wa — 
wo hajidzy the superior man is not ashamed 
to inquire of his inferiors. 

Kabura, 7^ 7*^ , Same as Kabu A turnip. 

Kaburaya, ijV'f^, ^ ^, n. An arrow 
with a head shaped like a turnip having a 
hole in it, which causes it to sing as it 

KABURE,-?n^,-fa, ij 7*i^;U, uv. To be m- 
fected, to have an eruption from coming 
in contact with others or with something 
poisonous. Uruski ni — , poisoned with 
lacquer. Kof/ahi ni — , to have an erup- 
tion on the skin after using a plaster. 
Omayd gin-san ni — , you have caught that 
habit from Gin-san. Syn. jiakeru, 


KABURl,-?'?4,-^^a, ijYf^y ^, t.v. To put 
on the head, to cover over with, to cap. 
Kaaa wo — , to put on a hat. Men wo — , 
to put on a mask. ame de rne ga midzwo 
— , the rice is covered with u aier from 
the heavy rain. IT to no tszmi wo hahuranu 
yd ni hokoro wo tszku heshi, take care that 
you be not involved in the crimes of others. 
Ywna ga hiym wo — , the mountain is 
covered with a cloud. 

KABURi-FURi,-rw,-«a, ijy^yj^yi^^, 
i.v. To shake the head in dissent. 

Kabubi-moko, Ttrrv^/, SEtt, ^A 
covering for the head, bonnet, cap. 

Kaburo, fj 7*p, ^, n. A young girl who 
wears her hair long. 

KABU8ARi,-ri^,-<^a, 7t^r^^/^, it, ». p. To 
have the head or top covered, to be 
overspread, capped, sheltered, protected, 
screened. Kumo ga yama ni kahusarUj the 
the mounts m is capped with a cloud. Oya 
ga ho wo sWhareha haha ga — , when tie 
parent scolds the child he is screened by 
the grandmother. 

KABuSB,-rw,-^a, jj T^f^y 5^ Canst, of 
Kahwi. To cover, or spread over the head 
of another, to impute, charge, blame. 
HHo ni te-migui wo — , to cover a person's 
head with a handkerchief. H*to ni tssani 
wo — , to lay one's crimes to the charge 
of another. Syn. O-o, kiseru, kadzkeku. 

Kabuta, Hj yff , Same as Kahu, a stump. 

Kabuto, ijTV ^, or ^, n. A helmet 

Kabuto-gane, ijry if:^., ^ ^, «. The 
metal cap on the end of a sword handle. 

Kachi, ij^y H, On foot, walking. — <fe 
yvkuy to go on foot. — samurai^ the guards 
that walk on each side of the normon of 
the Shogun. Kachi-metstkey a kind of cen- 
sor or spy. — de hawa wo watarUy to ford a 
river on foot. 

KACHi,-/52,-^^a, jj v', Jlp, tv, (governing 
the dative) To conquer, win, defeat, over- 
come, gain the victory, to control. Sfio 
ni katszy to defeat another. 0}iore ni — , 
to conquer self, deny one's selfl Ri ni 
Jcaite hi ni ockirUy having the right on 
one's side, yet succumb to another. Katsz 
ni norUy taking advantage of victory. 

Kachi, ^-f, J|^, n. A victory, advantage, 
superiority. — wo torn, to gain a victory. 

Kachi-kachi, ij^ij^, adv. The sound of 
hard things striking together, clashing, 
clacking, clicking. 

Kachi-doki, ;t^-f k^, B K» «• The 
shout of victory. — wo ageru. Syn. toki 


Kachi-hadashi, ^-t^^^J^, %l%y With- 
out a horse and barefoot. — ninaru, to be 
horseless and barefoot. 

KACHi-HOKORi,-rw,-«a, 75^^^a;u, J§ 
|{|, 1.17. To be puflfed up by victory. 

KachI-GURI, iji-r^), is ^, ». Dried 
chesimt kernels. 

Kachi-JI, ^^r, ip SJ, By land. Ftme 
deyvkuha — wo ynhi la, are yon going . 
by sea or by land ? Syn. kuoa, riki'. 

Digitized by 


KAD jj 

KAG * 


ELa^chi-makb, ij^-^^^ JB^ M) *«• I^ose 
and "win, victory and defeat — wo arasoy 
to dispute about who is the winner. 

tKACHl-MODE, ^-f •^♦f', ^H, n. Visit- 
ing the temples on foot. 

Kachi-MUSHA, it'f^^^, ^ fC ^j ^• 
A foot soldier. 

Kachin, fj^y^ ^, n. Bread made of 
pounded rice, same as Mochi, 

KjlcHI-NIGE, >bf ^y, JBf ^, n. Having 
won to run away, (as a gamBler.) 

Kachi-WATABI, * f 7 ^ i; , ^ ^, 71. 
Wading across, crossing on foot. — wo 

Kacho, :&-f"V^, j^ J!^, w. Musquito-net. 

Syn. KATA. 
||KADAMi,-7nw,-nda, ij ^ ^, t v. To 
screen, or protect from injury, fend oflf. 
Kidz wo — , to protect a sore, (from be- 
ing hurt.) 
Kaden, ijfyy ^ j||, n. Any thing trans- 
mitted in a family from one generation 
to another. Kono Jcmzri wa — de gozari- 

Kado, :^ K, ^, w. a corner, angle, a flint. 
Ski-ko no — , the angles of a square. — wo 
tatete mono wo iu, to speak sharply. — ga 
toreta Nto, a good natured person. Kado- 
ishi^ a flint. Syn. szmi. 

Kado, ij V, P^, n. The outside entrance 
or door of a house. — wo hirahu, to 
open the door. — no to wo sMmeru, to 
shut the outside door. — chigai szru, 
to mistake the door. — okuri szru, to 
accompany a guest to the door, to take 
leave. — ge deru, to go to tho gate, also 
to go out into the yard. Syn. mon. 

IjKado, a, K, if, n, {had% no ho.) A kind 
of fishroe. 

Kado, fj K, ^, n. An item, particular. 
Kono — ni yoUe toga wo mdshi-tszkerUj we 
judge him guilty on account of this one 
charge. Jo-mohu no kado-kado ni hohoro- 
dski moszhekuy should give good heed to 
the various articles of the edict. 

tKA-DO, ij^-fy, ^ tE; (w^ w(? michi.) 
Rules of poetry. 

Kado-bi, * Kb', P^ i^C, w- Afire kindled 
at the door, after the death of a person, 
to light the way of the soul to the next 

Kado-de, or Kabo-ide, ijYf, ^ ^, 
Leaving home, setting out on a journey. 
— wo szru. 
Syn. sHrTTATSz. 

Kado-GUCHI, * K/f , P^ P, n. En- 
trance, or door of a house. 

Kabo-kadoshii,-ki,-ku, -h Vfj Vty^,^ 
^, Crabbed, rough, peevish. 

tKADOMO, ij V=^, Contract, of Keredomo, 

Kado-MUKAI, ijVJ^^i,}:., pg 5^, n. Meet- 
ing a guest at the door. — ni dcru^ to go 
to the door to meet a guest. 

Kado-NAMI, * K-^ ^ , P^ 3&, Each house 
in order, house by house, from door to 
door. Kojiki — ni moratie arvku, the beg- 
gar goes from door to door begging. 

KADOWAKASHI,-SZ,-5/i7a, jj V ^\ fj ^ , 
^ 51, t.v. To kidnap. Kodomo wo kado- 
waszy to kidnap a child. 

Kadz, 7^^^, j^, n. Number. — wo mite 
okure, see how many. — hagiri nashij in- 
finite ill number. — naranu^ unimportant, 
of little consequence. Kadz-kadz, many, 
numerous. — 7ii irerUj to include in tlie 

KADZKE,-rw,-^a, ^^/»;i-, ^, t v. To 
lay over the head of another, lay to the 
charge of another, impute. Waga toga wo 
Ktp ni htdzkeru^ to lay one's crimes to the 
charge of another. Koromo wo — , to 
spread a coat over the head of another. 


Kadzke-momo, 7by»^/, ifc i^fj w. a 
reward, or present of flowers, &c., Jn ac- 
knowledgment of merit. Syn. iiimotsz, 

KADZKl,-7.;t^,-2^a, ^"i^, gfc, /.r. To 
cover the head. Kinu wo — , to veil the 
face. Syn. kabttru. 

KadzrA, jj'i'^y ^> »». A creeping vine. 

Kadzra, tJ^ y f , S^, ?i. A wig. — wo ka- 
burUy to put on a wig. 

tKA-FUj 75^7^, 1^ ^^{lyenonarawashi.) 
The customs, or rules of a family. 

KAGAMARi,-rw,-^^a, -h if-^P, Jg, /.t?. To 
be bent, crooked. Toshi-yotte se ga haga- 
mattay the back is bent with age. Yubi ga 
hagamaranity the finger is stiff*. 


KAGAME,-?'2*,-^r/, jjif:^1^y jg, t.v. To 
bend, to crook, stoop, bow. Koshi wo — , 
to bend the back. YiM wo — , to bend 
the finger. Bo wo — , to bend a pole. 
Kakande mon wo kuguru, to stoop and 
pass through a gate. Syn. mageru, yu- 

KAGAMl,-7nW,-7ltZa, ijifJ>^y ^, t.v. To 
bend, to crook, to stoop, to bow. Koshi ga 
kaganda, back is bent. Kiisa no aida ni 
kakande orUy hiding amongst the grass. Yu- 
hi qa kagande nobi-niasen, the finger is 
bent and cannot be extended. 

Digitized by 



KAG * 

KAG ij 

K AG AMI, ijifl^^^n. A mirror, looking- 
glass; fig. the head of a barrel, an ex- 
ample, or pattern. — ni utszrUy to look at 
one's self in a mirror. — ga kumotta, 
the mirror is dim. — wt iage wo utstsz, to 
reflect the image of any thing in a mirror. 

— no sat/a, the case of a mirror. — no dai, 
stand for a mirror. Taru no — too nuiu^ 
to take out the head of a barrel. H'io no 

— to nartiy to be an example for others. 
Kagami'dOy a shining door, clean and 
bright door. Kagami-ita^ a clean bright 
board. — wo toguj to polish a mirror. 

Kagami-mochi, ijifl^t"^,^^, n. a 
cake of rice bread, (large and round like 
a mirror.) 

Kagami-shi, fjifl^y.^M^n. A maker 

KAGAKl„-rti,-i^a, :5f ;«r;u, 1^, t V. To 
embroider with long stitches, to lace to- 
gether by sewing, to dam, cross-stitch. 
Mari ni ume no hana wo kaganij to work 
the figure of a plum-blossom on a ball. 
. So wo — , to lace the edges of a sail to- 

Kagari, )t^>/V, H, n. A kind of iron 
brazier for burning torches in. 

Kagaribi, *75^V 1^, H i^, n. A torch- 

KagASHI, ^ fft^, ^ Ul -JF> «• A scare- 
crow made in the shape of a man. 

KAQAYAKlj-ku^-ita, Hfff^^, 3^,*-«?- To 
be bright, glisten, glitter, sparkle, shine, 
to be brilliant, effulgent. Hi ga kagayahu^ 
the sun is bright. Asa hi ni hagayahu 
tszrugi no rnadzma^ the lightning of their 
swords flashed in the morning sun. 


Kagayaki, ijif^^y %^ n. Lustre, bril- 
liancy, glory, efinlgence, brightness. Bi^ 
tstkiy hoshi nado no — , the ghtter of the 
sun, moon, or stars. Syn. hikari. 

Kagayaki- WATARi, -ru,-tta, Hjff^^y 
^;^, j^ ?||, t. r. To shine all around, 
to shine across. 

Ka-GE, ijVjSi ^? (*^'^ wo ib.) Deer- 
color, chestnut color. — no m^ma, a horse 
of the color of a deer. 

KAGE,-rtt,-^a, ijVf}^, @, see JTo^, ru. 
Nicked, notched, flawed. 

Kage, ijYj Jh, n. Shade, shadow, re- 
flection, light; (fig.) secret, unseen; in- 
fluence, power, beneficence, help. Bij tstki, 
hoshiy tomoshihi nado no — , the light of 
the sun, moon, stars, lamp, &c. Yama^ hi 
iycy JCto nado no — , the shade of a 
mountain, &c. — ni nam, to be in one's 
light — tco utszszj to reflect the image of 

anything. Kage de kiku. to hear in secret. 
— nagara ttketamawaru, to hear any thing 
privately, or whilst not seen. kage «S 
naorimasKta, cured by your kind influence, 
or power. Temhi no o-kage^ the benefi- 
cent influence of the Mikado. 

Kagb-boshi, fi&'^^y, [^ jfe> «• Dried in 
the shade. 

Kage-boshi, iuy^:f;y, ^ j^ ft, n. The 
shadow of a person. 

Kage-GOTO, 7t^'5^'3'>, I^ W; »• Talking 
of one behind his back. — tro tti, to talk 
of any one in secret. 

Kagema, ^y^, ^ i^i n. A boy used 
by sodomists. 

Kagen, fjyyy Jp {|^, {nmKtari herash*- 
tart), n. Adding medicines to, or taking 
them from, a prescription to suit the con- 
dition of a patient ; the proportion of the 
ingredients in any compound; the season- 
ing, flavoring, taste; the feelings or condi- 
tion of body. O-isha sama — no o-kuszri, 
the carefully prepared medicine of the 
doctor. Kuszri wo — sh*te Uzkawasi^ 
to send medicine that has been carefully 
compounded so as to suit the patient's 
condition. Banna sama — warukutefuseU 
oru, master not feeling well is lying down. 
Kono meshi midz — ga waruiy there is too 
little (or too much) water in this rice. 


KAGERi,-rtt,-^^a, i)¥)\^, f^, uv. To be 
obscured, shaded. Hi ga kwno de kagetia^ 
the sun is obscured by a cloud. 

Kagero, -hYvy^^a^y n. The waving 
or flickering appearance of the air rising 
from a hot surface in the summer. 

Kagero, ;&yp7, J|$ fig, w. A kind of 
Insect, said to begin to live in the 
morning and to die at night 

Kagezen, iiY^y, [g Jf, «. Food set 
away for an absent one. — wo szyeru, to 
put food away for one who is absent. 

Kagi, Hj ^, g|, n. A key. 

Kagi, ^ ^, J^, n. A hook. Ago wo — 
ye kakeru, (to hang the chin on a hook) 
neglecting business, leading a dissolute 
life, and coming to poverty. 

KAGi,-gu,-iday jj /, jg, t.v. To smell. 
Hana wo — , to smell a flower. 

Kagi-bana, ij :¥^t-^, ||L 1^, «. Smellmg, 
scenting. Inu ga — wo sKte ortif the 
dog is scenting something. 

KAGl-DASHI,-5Z,-5/i'^a, ijH^^y 1^ ffi, 
t.v. To scent, to find out by smelling. 

Kagi-guszri, ij^^'^\)y 11 |g, n. Fu- 
migating medicines. Errhine. 
Syn. iBUsni-GU^sZRi, kun-yaku. 

Digitized by 


KAH a 

KAI ij 

167,-rt/,-^a, :^^-hi^;^, Uv, Ao- 
castoiiied to the smell of any thing. 

KAGiBl,-rtt,-f^a, ij ^;i-, |g, ».r. T<^be 
limited^ ended, bounded, confined, T^e- 
stricted. Inochi lc(wiritcUakau, to fight till 
death. Kore ni kagitte^ this only, this 
alone. Ano Kto ni iagitte uso wo twanat, 
that man only will not lie. Iki tea hijpri 
ni hashtrUj to run until out of breath. 
Omaye ni — , you alone can do it. 


Kagibi, >5r ^ i; , K» ^* T^® ^"»^^ end, 
utmost extent. Koye no — m nahisahehu, 
cried out at the top of his voice. Kadz 
— wa naty innumerable. Inochi no — , 
the end of life. Kami no chikara ni — 
wa ncn, there is no limit to the power of 
God. Syn. saiobv, kiwa, hateshi. 

Kagi-TABAKO, T^^^^^a, n. Snuff. 

KAGi-TSZKE,-rw,-^a, 5!^^5^»;i^, |]| ^, 
tjp. Accustomed to the smell, to perceive 
by the smell. Niyot too kagits%kete kurUj 
to come attracted by the smell. 

Ka-g1y6, Tt^^-^^, ^ H, n. Business, 
occupation, or calling of a family. 


Kago, :i5r ^, JB fit w. A sedan chair, or 
basket made of bamboo for riding in. — 
^ni noru, to ride in a sedan-chair. — wq 
htUzgUj or — wo kaku, to carry a sedan 
chair. — wo yatoi, to hire a sedan chair. 

Kago, ij:^, U, w. A basket, a cage. 
Ton no — , a bird cage. 

|Ka-G0, -h^y 'iff ^) n. Care, providence, 
protection (of the gods.) Kami no — de 
iasskaru. Syn. mamoru. 

Kagoji, if^l^y ^ 1^, n, A character, or 
word written in outline. 

Kago-KAKI, i):fii^y ^ ^, n. Chair- 

fKA-GOTO, tJt 3" f , ^ "s , A pretext, ex- 
cuse, same as Kakotszke. 

KagoYA, ij:^^yM1SiM, n. A place 
where norimons are kept for hire. 

Ka-GU, Hj ^y ^ ^, n. House furniture. 
Syn. ju-MOTSz. 

Kagttra, ij^fy jpl|l |$|, (kami wo naga- 
sameru)^ n. A theatrical exhibition in front 
of a temple to entertain the Rami ; also 
persons wearing the head of a lion as a 
mask, who go about the streets dancing 
and beggbg. JBenten soma ye o kagura 
wo ageru. Kado nctmi — tco mawg^, 

KA-HAN,-S2rti, •fi/\yy Jll ^, To en- 
dorse, to fix one's seal to a paper and go 

Kahan-nin, ii/\y:=.yy Jp^ A>«- An 
endorser, security. 

tKA-Hi, fjt^fi ^y Good or bad, good 
or not, should or not. — wo Uzmabiraka 
ni sedz, whether it is good or not is not 
fully known. Syn. zehi, yoshi-ashi, zen- 


tKAHlTSZ, ;t^ h !J^, Jp 3it, (fude wo kmoor 
yeru). To correct a manuscript 

Ka-h6, ij/\7y m f^y (Iyenonarav)ash%)y 
n. The customs, or rules of a house ; a 
secret medicine or medical prescription. 

Kahodo, *^ K, ^ ig, {k<yre hodo). This 
much, so much, so much as this. 

Kai, ij\:^y ^ H, n. Profit, advantage, 
use, benefit. — ga naiy no advantage. 
Kuszri nonda — ga nai^ no benefit from 
having taken the medicine. Shimho sh*ta 
— ga aniy I enjoy now the benefit of pa- 
tience. Syn. YEKi. 

Kai, ij4 , ^yn. An oar, paddle. — wo 
tszkauy to work an oar. 

Kai, ij 4 , (com. coll for Kayu). w. Gruel. 

Kai, ^ h, ^, «. A clam, any small bi- 

Kai, Hjyf ^ ^, The numeral used in count- 
ing hats. Kasa-ikkai, nikaiy sangai, S^c, 

Kai, ij /f , p^, The numeral used in count- 
ing the stories of a house. Ni-kaiy sangai 
dzkuri no iye. 

Kai, :^^, JI^, (Imashime), n- The pro- 
hibitions, or commandments of the Budd- 
hists. Go4cai wo tamotsz, to keep the five 
Buddhist commandments. Ha-icai no sOy 
a priest who breaks the commandments. 
Kaigiyo szru, to practice the command- 
ments. — wo yaburuy to break &c., 

Kai, ij yf , ^, (ttmi)y n. The ocean, sea. 
To'kai. The eastern ocean. 

KAi,-aM,-a<^a, ^7, j^, tv. To buy. 
Katte koi, go and buy. Kau hHo ga nat, 
nobody will buy it. Sakana wo kai ni ittay 
has gone to buy fish. Omaye uru nara 
kaimaaho, if you will sell I shall buy it. 
Kai-maseyi, I will not buy. Taszku kaUay 
bought it cheap. 

KAi,-aM,-a^a, ^7, ®, t.v. To keep 
animals. Ushi^ m'ma, imiy nekoy niwatori 
nado wo — . Ano Kto trCma sampiki 
katte orUy that man keeps three horses. 
Kore wa omaye no katte oku inu koy is this 
your dog ? Tora wo katte urei wo nokoszy 
(prov.) if you keep a tiger you will have 
nothing but trouble. 

KAl,-a?i,-a</a, ^7, /.t?. To put any- 
thing under, against, or between something 
else in order to support, brace, prop, level, 

Digitized by 



KAI ^ 

KAI i, 

or stay it. To ni shinibari wo hau, to put 
a brace against a door to keep it shut. 

Kai-AWASE, >tr Vir>'N*, ^ ^, n. A kind 
of game played with shells. 

Kai-ba, Ttr /f ^^, j^ »||, n. The sea-horse ; 

Kai-ba, ij h-'^, 13 351, n. Horse feed. 

Kai-BITAKU, ^/[ t'-V^, ^ ^, M. Crea- 
tion, the first organization of the visible 
universe, supposed to be spontaneous. Ten 
cH haihiyaku t-rai^ from the creation of 
heaven and earth. — kono hatay since the 
beginning of the world. 

tKAl-BO, ijAy^^y^^^n. Anatomical 
dissection. B?to no harada too — «srM, to 
dissect the human body, in order to study 
its anatomy. 

tKAl-BO, ijA^^-f;^ j^ B5f » ^- Defence of the 
sea-coast. — tco gen-ju ni sxru, to strength- 
en the sea-coast defences, 

Ka-ibushi, ij A Yi/j ^ Hj w. A smoke 
made to keep off musquitoes. — wo szru. 

Syn. KAYAM. 

Kai-cHIU, ijA-i^, f^^7 (uminonaka). 

In the sea or ocean. — nt aru mono, the 

things that are in the sea. 
Kai-ch6, ijA'f^^f ^ (f|, (Tolari wo 

hiraku). The ceremony of opening the 

shrine in which idols are kept, for the 

public to see and worship. Kon-nichi 

Jcara — de gozarimasz. 
tKAl-DAl, -hA^A^^^, n. All within 

the four seas, the whole empire of Japan. 
tKAI-DASHI,-SZ,-5A'^a, Tt^h^'^, S ttjj 

t.v. To buy up goods or produce from the 

producer or manufacturer. 

Syn. sni-iRERU, shi-komu. 
Kai-darui,-ki,-ku,-shi,-Uj-sa, fjA^ 

)i^A J Torpid, dull, dead, heavy, languid, 

sluggish. KaidaruhUe nobi wo szru, to 

feel sluggish and stretch one's self. 

Syn. DAEm. 
Kai-date, ijA^Tji^^M, w. A parapet 

or breast-work made by joining large 

wooden shields together. 
Kaide, ^ ^ r , m, n. A kind of maple. 
Kai-do, ijA^^, ^ ^, n. The Pyrus 

Kai-d6, fjA^^, ^Mj n. A road near 

the sea coast. 
Kaigai-8hii,-ki,-ku,-u,-sa, ^ }iif\L'y 

^ > ^ §6 ^ §B 3ky Spoken in admiration 
or praise of something bold, heroic or 
useful, done by one of whom it could 
hardly be expected. 
Kai-gan, ^/f7!r>', jf|f J^, n. Sea-shore, 

sea-coast. — dori, a street along the sea- 
shore. Syn. DMIBATA. • 

K^-GARA, * h^^, ^ 3S, »• Empty sca- 


Kai-gek, ijAyy^HS^yt, Altering the 
name of ihe year or era. Nengo wo — wru. 

Kai-gen, ijA^y,}^^, {mewokirahi). 
The ceremony of consecratinof an idol, 
when the god is supposed to take posses- 
sion of it. Mohuzo wo — szru. 

tKAl-GlYO, ijA^^^,^^, Practising 
the five Buddhist commandments. 

tKAi-GlYO, :^/ry7, ^ H, Setting ap, 
or commencing business, opening shop. 

KAi-GURi,-rw,-^^a, ij A ^;u, ^f ||, t. v. 
To haul in hand over hand. Toko too — , 
to haul in a kite. Itari wo — , to haul 
in an anchor. Tadzna haiguriy hauling 
tight the reins. Syn. taguru. 

KAi-HAMARi,-rt«,-«a, ^t^-^/t-, 5[|B, 
uv. To buy goods at a losing or extrava- 
gant price, to make a bad purchase. 

KAi-HAN,-5zrw, i)A^\y, ^ RSj To cut 
on blocks, to publish by cutting on blocks. 
Shomotsz wo — szru. 

Kai-HEN, HjA^y^il^ }i,(um% no hoU>ri). 
n. Near the sea, sea-coast. 

Kai-HO, ijA^\^y j^ ^y (taszhe {doiku) 
Nursing the sick, waiting, or attending on 
as a nurse. — szru, to nurse. Ichi ni — , id 
ni huszri, nursing is of more importance 
than physic. Syn. Kam-biyO. 

Kai-ho-nin, ijA^\^:=^yy ^ j^ Aj^-^ 
nurse, one who attends on a sick person. 

Kai-HOTSZ, * ^ ^ V^, P St, Opening, or 
clearing new ground for cultivation. 
Denji wo — . 

Kaii,-ki^-KU, ijA Ay (coll. for Xayui,)^, 
Itching. Kaii tokoro wo kaku, to scratch 
an itching place. Kaikute ike-nai, I can't 
endure the itching. 

KAl-lDAKl,-iw,-/^a, j^AA^^y it ^, 
t.v. To take in the arms, embrace. 

KAi-iRE,-ri^,-^a, ijtAxy'j^y H A> ^•^* 
To buy up, and lay in goods. 

tKAl-jiN, i3A^yy% P-$, The return of 
an army. 

tKAl-KA, ijAijy^^y To marry into 
another family, (said of a woman whose 
husband is dead, or of one divorced.) 

KAi-KABURi,-n£,-f^a, ^t^Z/t', ^ ft, 
i.v. To buy at an extravagant price, to be 
taken-in in the purchase of any thing. 

Kai-KAKU, ijAij^y^'^y (arcUame). 
To change, reform, alter. Sei-do wo — 
szru, to reform the administration of 

Digitized by 


KAI * 

KAI a 


Kai-KI, ^4 *, ^ ^, {motoi wo hircika) 
n. The founder, originator, (of a temple 
or sect). Kiyno tera no — wa iian to iu so 
dcLf what priest founded this temple? 

Kai-KI, 7{?4 ^r, gfc H, n. A kind of glossy 
silk, lustring. 

Kaiko, 7t^ t^j S) ^'- A silk-worm. 

tKAI-KO, ij^ n^^ K ^> (Minato wo hi- 
raJcu.) To open a port to trade. Yokoha- 
ma wo — szru. 

tKAl-KOKU, 9j^=i^, ^ IS, (Kuni wo 
htraku,) To open a country to foreign in- 

KAl-KOMl,-w?^,-wrfa, 7^t3i%, ^ g^, 
t.v. To buy up and lay in goods. 

KAi-K0Ba,-7nw,-;ic?a, ^5;^ ^-^ i$ 2^, t.v. 
To hold the spear in position for charging. 
Yari wo howaki ni — , to hold the spear 
close to the side as in charging. 

tKAl-KU, iiA^y\%^, {otiosei), n, The 

Kaimami, ^ ^ ^ ^ , JB F5 £, w. Look- 
ing through a crack. — wo szru,, 

tKAl-MEl, */r>/r, 54; ^, (na w;o kaye- 
ru). Changing the name. 

fKAI-MEN, * >f >>,][§ ®, (umino onio- 
le), n. The surface of the sea. 

Kai-MIYo, ij^l^^, Jjg ^, n. The 
name given by the Buddhists to a deceas- 
ed person. 

Kai-MOKU, i,A^^,^ g, a(fr. All, en- 
tirely, wholly, (with a negative). — 
yaku-ni'taianuj wholly useless. 
Syn. mina. 

KAi-MOTOME,-rw,-^a, ^ t ^ > > ;u, g ^, 
L V, To get by purchase. 

Kai-MU, -Hj^^j^^j (mma nasht). Not 
the least, not any, Ko-toshi ine ga kaimu 
de wa komaru, in trouble because this 
year the rice has failed. 

Kai-na, ij^-^j ^, n. The arm from 
the shoulder to the elbow. 

Kai-NAI,-KI,-KU,-o, t!; t-^^, *| f H, 
Weak, feeble, unprofitable, useless. 

Kai-NEN, ij4^y,i^ ^, (aratamatia to- 
sk%). n. The new year. 

KAI-N0K0SHl,-5Z,-sA'^a, ^ t / 3 ;i , ^ 
g|, t.r. To leave a part uubought ; to 
forget to buy. 

Kai-nushi, -fyyijf-y, g j^, 
buyer, purchaser. 8yn. kai-te 

KAi-OKi-kUy-itay ij}L^^, ^ 
To buy and keep, or lay-by. 

KAl-OKl,-ku,-'ita, ij\Lj^,^ 
To keep, as domestic animals. 
kih wo — , t^ keep two horses. 

Kairagi, if 4^^, H, n. A kind offish. 



i. r. 

is, i-^- 

Uina ni- 

Kai-RIKU, Tlf/f y ^, f§ ^, (umi to huga)^ 
Sea and land. 

fKAl-RlYO-MAN-ZOKU, ij A ^)^^^yV^j 
^ ^ ^ &•) (tniria michitarashime tama- 
ye) Used at the conclusion of a prayer 
(irant all my request. (Bud). 

tKAI-RO, ijA^^, fg ^, (totnoni oiruj. 
Growing old together, (of husband and 
wife). — do-ketsz no chigin, a union last 
ing down to old age and unbroken in the 

Kai-SAN, ijA-^y, ^ lli^Cyainawohtra- 
ku), n. The founder of a temple, or sect. 
Syri. KAI-KI. 

tKAl-SEI,-527-Wi 55^4 ■fe'i, ©: jE, {aratame 
iadasz). To correct. 

KAl-SHAKU,-5zrw, ijA'^^^, ^ H, 
To cut off the head of one who is in the 
act of committing harakin. — nin, the 
person who aids one who is committing 
harakiri by cutting off his head. 

tKAI-SHAKU,-5zrw, ijAl/^^, J^ J^, 
To act as an assistant, or attendant. 

Kai-SHIKI, ijM^^, -g '^,adv. All, 
wholly, entirely. — muda na mono. 
Syn. MINA. 

KAl-SHlME,-rw,-fa, ij ht^/;]^y g jj, t.v. 
To buy up goods and keep them, in order 
to raise the price. Ni wo kaiskwiete soha 
wo ageru. 

Kaiso, * /f ^^ ♦ , \fg 2K, ». Squills. 

Kaita, 7& b ^ , Pret. of Kaki. 

Kai-tai,-ki,-ku,-o,-shi, ij\L^A, g^g, 
Wish to buy. Kaitaku omoy to feel like 
buying. Kaitaku nai, do not wish to buy. 

Kaite, ^ hr, The gerund o( Kaku. 

Kaite, :^ br, g A, «• A buyer, cus- 
tomer. Kono mise — ga dt\ this shop has 
many customers. 

Kaitszburi, ijy^^j^Th j?l II, n. The 
Syn. /s'lwo. 

KAi-TSKAMi,-mw,-nc7a, 7>;/f ^y-h^y^^^, 
t V. To seize hold of, to catch up in the 

KAl-TSZKURAI,-0,-0^a, ^ /f 5^^ P 7 , ^ 
|§, t V. To arrange the clothes, to pick 
and adjust the feathers, as a bird. 

KAi-TSZMAMi,-;ni^,-nc/a, ijA^/^J^^ |§ 
^J|, t. r. To make extracts, to select pas- 
sages from a book, to epitomize, abridge. 

Kai-un, iiA^yyWiMj {yri wo hiraJcu,) 
As change of fortune for the better, a 
change from bad luck to good. 

tKAl-YEKl, ijAzi.^, tSfc '^y ( aratame ka- 
yeru.) To change, alter. 

KaI-ZOKU, ijA^/^y \\i ^•, n. A pirate. 

Digitized by 



KAK ij 

KAK ij 

Kai-zOYE, iiA x/^, ^ glj, n. An assis- 
tant, attendant, a bridesmaid. 

Ka-ji, iji^^ lie 9-9 ^* Household matters, 
family affaii-s. 

Kaji, fj^\ ^, n. A rudder, the helm. 
— wo torUf to steer. — too hineru, to turn 
the helm. Omo-kaji, helm to the starboard. 
Tonkaji\ helm to the port side. 

Kaji, :^*K, ;fg, n. The paper mulberry. 

Kaji, ij&% |g J<^, n. A smith, blacksmith. 
Katana-laji, a swordsmith. 

Kajf, ^4-', Jll ^, w. Prayers said by a 
priest for the sick. — wo szru. 

Kajika, ij'z^ij^ Jl| JS,w. A kind of small 
river fish, said to sing. 

KAJiKE,-rT^,-^a, 7t^i^^;^, H *R^, <• v- To 
be cold, benumbed, to be lean, gaunt ema- 

Kajime, ij^;f, ^% :$, n. Kind of sea 
weed. Syn. sagaramk. 

Ka-jiN, ijl^y,^ /i,(Uta yomiy) n. A 

IKajin, if!>y, ^/i, n. A handsome per- 

KiJiBi.-n^,-^^Gr, if f^/i/, ^, To gnaw, or 
bite any thing hard. 

Kaji-tori, Ttf-Kf y, tl ®, n. Ahehns- 
man, steersman. 

tKA-jiTSZ, iji^^/^ 5 H? (natsz no hi.) 
n. A summer day. 

tKA-jiTSz, ijS^i^ylSi B, (itoma no hi.) 
A holiday, or day of leisure. 

Kajiya, ^'K^, is J1&, n. A blacksmith, 

Ka-ka, ijTijr, 

n. Caw, the cry of a 

crow. Karasz ga — io ndku. 

Kaka, ijfj,n. Mother, (used by children,) 
also, wife. Kochi no — san, my wife. 

KaKADZ, KaKANU, OrKAKANAl, ijij^y 
The neg. of Kaki. 

tKAKADZRAl,-fl.u,-a^/a, ijij^-^7y ^, 
/. V. same as Kakawari. 

KAKAGE,-?'W,-^rt, i) -fj y;P, ^, (cont. of 
jS«^i and Ageru,) t v. To raise up, hoist, 
lift up. ITatay misz^ mahu, szdare^ szso nado 
wo — , to hoist a flag, blind, curtain, shade, 
the skirts. &c. 

KAKAGE-lDASHI,-5»,-57i'^a, ijij^A^^^ 
^ (U, t.v. To hang out, to set forth, 
produce, bring up, record. Kam-lan wo 
— , to hang out a sign. 

KAKAiii,-rM",-^^a, i)ijjv, ^, i. v. To be 
suspended, hung up, hooked to, fixed on, 
or laid over some thing. Fune ga kakattay 
the ship has anchored. Kagi ni — , hung 
on a hook. Sao ni kimono ga kakatte 
tru, the clothes are hanging on a pole. 
Me ni — , to be seen, meet with. Ko ga 

oya ni — , the child is dependent on its pa- 
rents. BHo no te ni — , killed by some 
person. Isha ni — , to consult a physiciaD. 
Watahtshi no mi ni kakatta koto de wanaiy 
it is nothing that concerns me. Nawa ni — , 
bound with a rope. Sakana ga ami ni — , 
fish are caught in a net. KokorOj or ki ni 
— , to be concerned about Fttshin ni ka- 
katte iruy engaged in building. Ncmi ho- 
do kakari-mashta, how much did it coet ? 
Ame ni kakatte kita, came in the rain. Mids 
ga kakaru, it is getting wet. Ta-nin no 
te ni — , it belongs to others to do it. Ski- 
goto ni — , to go at his work. Tekt ni — , 
to attack the enemy. Tszge nd — , to hold 
to a cane. Il*to no kuchi ni — , to be a 
subject of talk. Torikakatiey happening to 
pass. Shi ni kakatte oru, to be dying, 
about to die. Kjri-kakaru^ about to cut, 
or ready to cut. IkakarUy about to speak. 
Koge ga hana ni — , he speaks through 
his nose. Kagami ni kumori ga — , the 
mirror i» cloudy. 

Kakari, iji^y , ^, n. The cost, expense, 
duty, department of business, or labor. — 
ga tszgoi, the cost is great. Omaye no — 
wa nanij what is tbe duty assigned to 
you ? 

KAKARi-Ai,-aw,-a^a, *,7tr V 77, f§^f 
i.v. To be concerned in, mixed up with, to 
meddle with. 

Kakari-BITO, 55r Ttr V ir f , ^ ^, n. a de- 
pendent, a hanger on. Syn. shokkaku, 


Kakari-make, Ttr 7& V -^-i^, iB ft, «• Ex- 
penses larger than the profits. 

Kakariudo, fjij^)^ V, Same as Sakm- 

Kakari,-RU, itijiX^y ^ ^i,(comp.cfirfl- 
hiy thus, and artt, is.) Like this, (biwe 
mentioned); so, thus, such, this maiW, 
(of something said before.) Kakat^ 
hcdo ni, after this, so then, (in continui; 
a narrative.) Syn. kayO, kakunoqotok 

KAKASE,-7-M,~/cr, a ii ^LfUy ^ ^,Ca\i> 
of Kaku, To make, or let another ride, ( 
a sedan chair.) WatakuM ni kakase 
okure, let me ride. II*to ni kago wo — , 1 
make one ride in a chair. t 

Kakase, -^^u.-ta, itj ij -k/v, ^ ^, CausI 
of Kaku. To let, or cause another to write I 
Waiakushi ni kakasete kudasare, let m\ 
write. Tegamiwo — , to cause another t«li 
write a letter. 

Kakato, ijijy, M,n. The heel. 
Syn. K1BI8Z. 

KAKAWARI,-n(,-<^a, iji!j^\fl^j flij, «>. ToJ 
be of interest, importance; to concern, aff 
feet, to be at tlie risk of, to relate, or be/ 

Digitized by 


KAK * 

KAK a 



■ide, [\ 

let m 


.. or ^ 

long to, to interfere, meddle. Mi n% — , 
to affect one's self, be injurious to one's 
self. If^eni — , to be injurious to one's 
family. Inochi ni — , at the risk of life. 
Shm-tho m — hodo no son de wa naiy it is 
not a loss sufficient to affect his fortune. 


KAKATE,-rw,-^a,)5r7tr^A', |6, t r. To 
hold in the arms, embrace ; to employ in 
one's service. Kowo — , to hold a child 
in the arms. Hara wo Jcakayete warau^ to 
laagh holding one's sides. Kodzkai ichi 
nin hcJcaye-mcLsh^ta^ have employed one 
servant. Hoko^in wo — , to engage a 

KAKB,-^M,-<a, ij^fi^y m^y i. V. To run. 
lye ye hakete-kuni^ came running home. 
Kdkete muhai ni derUj to run out to meet. 


KAKB,-rtf,-^a, if^f^y jft, t.v. To be flaw- 
ed, nicked, broken, defective, missing, 
wanting, (Hnitted. Katana no ha ga hake- 
^ the ^ge of the sword is nicked. TizH 
ga Jcakeiay the moon has begun to wane. 
Go nm no hiyodai hHori kaksia, one of the 
five brothers is missing. Maye no ho ga 
hketa^ the first part is wanting. 

KAKE,-rtt,-^a, i3^)\^, U, or ^, tv. To 
hang up, or on ; to hook on ; to lay over ; 
to place across, to place, or put on. Yedz 
^co — , to hang up a picture. Kimono wo 
MO td — , to hang clothes over a pole. 
Megane wo — , to put on spectacles. Ha- 
tkigo wo — , to put up a ladder. Hashi 
•CO — , to lay a bridge across. Kagi wo — , 
to hook any thing. Koshi wo — , to sit on 
a bench. Kunio ga sz wo — , the spider 
weaves its net, (lit. hangs its nest.) Ko- 
yathiwo — , to manure. Midz wo — , to 
water. Shi wo wo — , to salt. Sato wo — , 
to sugar. Ho wo ^ J to hoist sail. Mekata 
tco — , to weigh. Nasake wo — , to do 
kindness to one, to feel kindly to. Ko wo 
hohoro ni — , to be filial. Imchi wo — , to 
risk life. Kane wo — , to stake money, to 
bet Tanomi wo — , to make a request. 
Koye wo — , to lift up the voice. Kokoro 
ni — ^ to fix in the mind, bear in mind. Ki 
ni — ^ to brood over. Go-ku'ro wo — , to 
give trouble. Shiro ni hi wo — , to set fire 
to a castle. Kane wo kakete koshirayeta, to 
expend a great deal of money in making. 
Suffixed to other verbs in comp. words, it 
signifies, to begin to do and soon leave 
off, as Shigoto wo shi kakete asonde iru, 
having commenced his work he leaves to 
go a pleasuring. Mikan no hii-kake^ an 
orange which one began to eat and has 

KakS, jj^y Imp. mood of Kaki. 

Kakb, ij^y ^, n, A debt, or money 
owed for goods bought on credit. — wo 
toru, to collect a debt. — wo szmaszy to 
discharge a debt — wo haiaru, to dun 
for a debt. 

KAKE-AGARi,-n*,-«a, ij irif)^. Si ±> 
«.r. To run up. Yama ni — , to run up a 

KAKE-Ai,-ai^,-a^^a, ^^yy 'i^ ^^ i-v- 
To consult together, to talk over, to refer, 
to attack, or butt against each other, to be 
matched, or equal (as antagonists.) 
Syn. dan-kO, sOdan, uanashi-ai. 

Kake-ai-ni, Hj^T}^^, ^ ^^ «^^'' 
Alternately, only used of dramatic per- 
formances. — kataru, to recite alternately 
as in a drama 

KAKE-AWASE,-r«/,-^a, ij^r^^\;^, ill 
^, t.v. To ride to encounter each other, 
to charge on each other. 

Kakeberi, ij^^V, Si^y^' Deficiency 
in weight. — ga tatsz, there is a deficiency 
in weight. — ga ikura, what is the defi- 
ciency in weight? 

KAKE-DA8HI,-5Z,-5A'^a, **^>t, §§ ffi, 
^r. To run out. (j|[ (fj), to make a 
thing weighed to be overweight. Inaka 
kara kdkedashHe kurn, to come from the 
country to Yedo. Mekata wo — , to make 
the weight too much. 

Kake-dzkuri, Tt^'j^y^V, ^ f^, n. A 
house built on piles on a slope. 

Kakegane, ij ^ if^-y 1^, w. A ring and 
staple for fastening a door. 

Kakbgo, ^^^y^ ^i n. A small box 
that fits into a larger. 

Kake-GOTO, ^t^f. It ^, n. Betting, 
staking money. — wo szru, to bet, gamble 
by betting. 

Kake-goye, ij^=fx, ^ S> "• The 
sound made by j)ersons straining at their 
work, as coolies when pushing a cart, 
chopping wood, &c. 

Kake-HASHI, ij^^\'yy j^^ Jt, n. Abridge 
over a mountain gorge, or along the side 
of a precipice, a ladder. Kumo ni — , a 
ladder to the clouds (a proverb). 

Kake-hi, -h^ty^y n. A pipe for con- 
ducting water. Syn. tOI. 

Kake-HIKI, T&'i^ t#, If ^\y n. Advance 
and retreat, (fig.) of adventuring, or dc- 
cluiing in any transaction. — ga jodzy 
said of a merchant who is clever in know- 
ing when, and when not, to buy. 

tKA-KEl, ^ » W , 5^ ^, (lye no szji) n. 
Family line, pedigree. Syn. cm szji. 

Digitized by 



KAK ij 

KAK fj 

tKA-KEI, ij^A,^^, (Toki yoroJcoU), 
Congratulation, felicitation. Kai-nm no 

— medetahi moshi osame soro. 
tKA-KEI, ij^A^ >g|^, (Yohi heshUd,) 

A fine landscape. 

Kake-ji, :^>^<K, igjfi. n. A hanging 

picture. Syn. kake-moxo. 
Kake-ko, ij^ij^, Wf^y n. A bag of 

KAKE-MAWAIlI,-r?^-^^a, i]^-^?\jv^ |g 

®, t.v. To run about, or around. 
•Kake-makumo, ^^-^^^, ^ ^ 3g, 

used only reverentially in prayers to the 

Kami, = kotoha ni kakeru mo. — kashU 

koshi, — katajikcnashi. 
Kakeme, ij^/,^^, n. The weight. 

— wa nam hodo how much does it weigh? 

KakE-MOCHI, ij^:^^, ^ ^, (keiitai). 

n. Carrying on business at two diflferent 

places. — m sznt. 
Kake-mono, *^^/, g» ^, 71. Hanging 

Kake-mono, ^^^/^, It, n. Any thing 

laid as a bet or wager. 
Kake-mukai, iJ^^^M,M fvi, n. A 

husband and wife who live alone and 

Kake-KE, ^>5r^, ^^, n. Selling for 

more than the fixed price, two prices. 

Gen-kin — nashi, no credit and but one 

KAKE-NUKE,-rw,H?r/, ij^ji^jv^ If ^, 

^r. To ride through, to run-past. 
Kake-OCHI, ij^ic^.X ^, n. Running 

away by stealth, absconding, decamping, 

escaping. — wo szni, 

Syn. SHUppoy, cuiku-ten*, nigerc. 
Kake-sen, ij'r^y,^^, n. Money 

stalled in a bet, lottery, or in gambling ; 

also instalments of money paid. 
Kake-tori,:^ >^ > V , # ®, w. A collector 

of debtfl, or of merchants bills. 
Kake-uri, :6 * ♦ y , ^ g, w. Selling on 

Kakeya, ij^^^ ^x g, n. A large 

wooden mallet. 
KAKE-YORl,-rt^,-jJ/a, ^>^ 3/1., If ^,Lv, 

To ride up to, to run near to. 
Kake-zan, ij^^'y, ^ ^, n Multipli- 

Kaki, -b^^^jn. The persimmon. 
Kaki, :^ :¥, tt ^, 71. An oyster. 
Kaki, :^ :^, }g, ??. a fence, hedge. 

Syn. iiEi. 
KkKi,-hu,-ita, f}^, :gr, u. To write, 

to sketch, to draw. Uon^ji^ tegami nado 
tea kaku. Ye wo — , to sketch a picture. 
JFude de kaita horiy a book written with a 
pen. Kaite shimatta, have finished wri- 

Y.KYii,-lcu-ita, ^^, jf , tv. To scratch, 
to rake, to bind strips of anything together 
in rows, to slice. Aiama wo — , to scratdi 
the head, (fig.) to feel ashamed. Kaym 
tokoro tea — , to scratch an itchy place. 
Haji wo — , to feel ashamed. SfdUz wo 
— , to get the itch. Kasa wo — , to con- 
tract syphilis. Ihikiwo — , to snore. Kuh 
wo — , to cut off the head by seizing hold 
with one hand, and drawing the knife to- 
wards one. Sznoko wo — , to make a 
floor of split bamboo by tying them lo- 
gether. Komai wo — , to tie lathing to- 
gether, (for plastering). 

KAKl,-iw,-iYa, fj^, Ifl, Uv. Tocariy 
on the shoulders, (only used of a nori- 
mon). Kago wo — , to carry a chair. 

KAKI,-iw,-zYa, ?& ^ J H, U. To nick, to 
make ii flaw in, to break off a small piece, 
to omit. Katana no ha wo — , to nick the 
edge of a sword. Sara wo — , to nick a 
plate. Koto wo — , to be short handed. 
Jshi wo — , to knock a piece off a stone. 
Utagawashtki *co kaku, to omit that which 
is doubtful. 

KAKl-ARAWASHI,-SZ,-s7i'^a jj^Tf^^j 

S* ^, tv. To publish. 
KAKi-ATSZME,-r?*,-^a, ^^y?:f^P'^ # 

^, t.v. To collect and write down, also, 

^S 46 » t'O- To rake or scrape together. 
KAKI-AYAMARl,-rW,-i^a, ij ^ T^-^A, # 

|5g, i.v. To make a mistake in writing. 
Kaki-bai, ^^^^h, tt ^ ^? ^- I'i™® 

made of shells. 
Kaki-dashi, "h^^t/, ^ til? ^^ A hill, 

an account of things bought on credit. 
KAKi-DASiii,-5^-.sAYa, ij^if^^^i.t. To 

copy out of a book, or ledger, to begin to 

write, to rake or scratch out. 
Kaki-han, ij^f\y^ 1^ }f, ». A seal 

made with a pen. 
KAKi-iRE,-rw,-^a, ^ =ir^ i^;^, S A> ^- *"• 

To write ilv»Jnsert by writing, interline. 

hje wo kaki-ir?k kane wo karu, to borrow 

money by mortj^^ging a house. Hon ni 

— to write in a bot>k. 
KAKI-KAYE,-rw,-/a,^ ijAiJ^;^, # #» 

t.v. To write over J^ain, to alter what 

is written; reuriie. \ 
liAKl'KESBi.-sz.-sh'ta, "^^^^.^if^i 

t. V, To scratch, or rub' out, obliterate. 

Kakihsz gotoku use ni kcAij to disappear 

as if rubbed out. 

Digitized by 


KAK ft 

KAKi-KiRi,-r?^-«a, fj^^)V^ jf ^, uv. 

To cut off by holding the thing to be cut 

with one hand, and cutting with the other. 

Kusa wo — . 
KAKi-KUMORi,-rw,-^^a, i] :2t^ ^;w, ^55^, 

t.r. To be clouded over, darkened. Sora 

KAKi-KURB,-rw,-^a, ;5r4r^i>A-, ^ ^, 

t.f. To be blinded, as, Namida ni — , 

blinded with tears. 
KAKI-MAWASHI,-«2,-5/i7a, ^#-r^;*,^ 

3g, ta. To stir-round. Saji de — , to 

stir with a spoon. 
KAEi-MAZB,-rw,-^a, ij^-^J^jx^j |g ^, 

^. To mix together, stir and mix. 
KAKl-MlDASHI,-S2,-5A'^a, jj^X^^^ g| 

fILj <• v« To mix, jumble together, con- 
tuse, derange. 
KAKl-M0RASHI,-5Z,-^A'to, 5^ + ^ ^ -^ , § 

H, ^. r. To omit in writing, forget to 

KAKi.MUSHlRi,-rw,-i^a, ij^J>^ l/f^y ^ sg, 

^. 17. To scratch and teai* off, strip off. 
Kakix, "h ^ y^ JS Jl, «. Injury, shame, 

dishonor, disgrace. lye no — , disgrace 

to a family. Syn. ridz. 
KAKl.NADE,-rif,-^a, ij^^fP, ^ g|, 

i* r. To smooth, or caress with the hand. 
KAKl-NA0SHI,-SZ,-8/i7a, ij^^i^T.^ || 

fi, ^ r. To write and correct, to write 

over again. 
KAKl-NARASHI,-^,-57fc'^a, ;8r+-^^;^, ^ 

^, ^. p. To scrape and level, also, ^ 1}^, 

To twang, (as the string of a guitar.) 
KAKi.NARE,-n^,-^a. 7&^r-^w^, |j^ ^, 

i. f. To learn to write, to become used to 

Kakine, *^:3^, Jg ;^,». A fence, hedge. 

Syn. HEi. 
Kaki-NIKUIj-KIj-KUj-SHI, tI; ^n^/f , g: 

S, Bad for writing, hard to write with, 

bard to write. 
KAKi-KOBORi,-rw,-^^a, i3 * 7^;i^, SS> 

^.p. To climb up, scramble up. 
KAKi-NOKE,-rt^,-^a, i3^;^i\^, ^ ^, 

'• p. To push to one side so as to pass 

through, (as a crowd.) 
KAKi.K08E,-rw,-^a, ^^;^)V^ -^ ^, 

^- <?. To record, to write down, register. 
KARi-NUKi-7i;?i,-iYa, it ^ yi 9 , W S^? 

To make written extracts, (from a book.) 
Kaki-oki, :&^i'^, Jt S^» «• A will, 

any writing left by a person going away. 
KAKl.6sB,-/?|,-.j?a,_^:^;i-^-fe;U, :§ ^, 

^. tr. To finish writing, to do up a large 

amount of writin":. 

KAK ij 



KAKI-0T0SHl,-5Z-,5A'^a, * ^ :i f -^ , ^ ^ , 

U V. To cut off by holding any thing in 

one hand, and cutting towords one's self 

with the other, to scratch off, also ^ J^. 

To omit, or forget to write. 
KAKI-OWARl,-rW,-^^a, fj^J/\;U^ ^ 

To finish writing. 
KAKI-SAGASHI,-5Z,-5A'^a, fj^-^ifT^^ }f 

^, t V. To search for, to scratch and 

search for, (as a fowl.) 
KAKi-SAKi,-iw,-iYa, 75f#^^^, ^ g, 

t V, To scratch and tear. 
KAKI-8mRUSHI,-52,-sA'^a, ij^l/jUyf.^-^ 

IE, ^. tr. To write down, record, make a 

KAKl-SHlTATAME,-r?(,-<a, fj^t^^^/jV^ 

§ ^, t V. To write, compose and write. 

to engross. 
KAKI.BOKOXAI,-aT^,-^a, 7t^#y3-j.7, ^ 

^, ^. t?. To write wrong, mistake in 

KAKI-SOYE,-n^, 7t^#V-.;P, § J§g, ^. «;. 

To add to a writing, to write a postcript. 
KAKi-szYE,-rw,-^a, ij^^^)V, ^ Jg, 

t. V. To set down a sedan chair when 

carrying it 
Kaki.tai,-ki,-ku,-shi, iJ^i^A,-^^, 

Wish to write. Kahitaku nai, do not wish 

to write. 
KAKl-TASHI,-52,-57i'^a, ij^^^, S JE, 

t.v. To write what is necessary to make 

KAKl-TATE,-7-W,-fa, fj^^fJ^y # :ft:, 

tv. To write down many items, to write 

up (as a list,) also, ^ i^. To pick up 

(as the wick of a lamp.) fft ^. To stir 

and mix together. 
KAKi-TORi,-rzf,-<^a, * + ^ ;^, § ®, t v. 

To copy, transcribe. 
KAKi-TSZDZKE,-rw,-^a, ^ + ^^/^;^, ^ 

i^, t.v. To write down in succession, to 

connect by wiuting, to continue to write. 
Kaki-tszke, ^^y^^r, S P^, w. a wri- 
ting, note, memorandum. 
KAKl-TSZKB,-?'t*,-^a, T&^riJ^'Jr/u, # (f^, 

t.v. To note down, make a memorandum 

KAKl-TSZKUSHI,-5Z,-sA'^a, jj^i^f^y^,'^ 

^, tv. To exhaust a subject by writing, 

to finish writing. 
KAKi-TOME,-rt^,-^a, i3^\:^jv^ § ®, 

t.v. To record, register, make a note of. 
KAKl-TSZTAYE,-r?^,-fa, ^^iJ'^^/i^, ^ 

'd^j ^.r. To write and hand down toothers. 
KAKi-UTSzsHi,-5z,-sA'^a, ij^^'^^y^j ^ 

J^, ^.v. To copy, transcribe. 

Digitized by 



KAK a 

KAK ij 

KAKi-TABURi,-7'w,-«a, jj ^^ 7';^, ^ Bl[, 
t.v. To scratch and tear. 

tKA-K'YOKU, * + 3^, Scftj w- Song, 

KAKi-YOSE,-rw,-ia, 7{f#3-k;^, ^ ^, 
^.r. To rake, or scratch anything towards 
one^s self with the fingers, ^ ^. To 
bring near in a norimon. 

Kaki-zome, 7& ^ />?<,# fj, n. The first 
writing of the new year. 

Kakkb, *^^, si ^, n. Dropsy of the 

Kakko, ij'!^^'^^^ M, {adakamoyoshu) 
n. Shape, proportions, just right. — ffd 
y(n. — ga warui. — wo konomuy to be 
particular about the looks of any thing. 
^edan — ni sKte agemasz, to sell at a rea- 
sonable price. Syn. NARI, KATACHI, UO- 

Kakko, * 55^3, |§ g^, n. A kind of drum. 

Kakkon, ^5^3^, :g;^, n A kind of 

Kako, ^ 3j ;f|ic ^, n. A common sailor. 
Syn. szi-sHU, sendo. 

•}*KaK0CH1,-^52, Hjn^^j uv. Troubled, wor- 
ried, sad, gloomy. (poet.J Kakochi-gaoy 
troubled countenance. jKahocM-namida 
ni hire ni keruy bbnded with anxious 
tears. Syn. wabiru, komaru, tszrai. 

KAK0l,-o,-6^cr, ?5^37, H, ^.v. To in- 
close, to fence, to shut in, to surround, to 
cover in order to preserve, as fruits, &c. 
lye tpo ita-hei de — , to inclose a house with 
a fence. Imo wo — , to preserve pota- 
toes in the ground. Mihan wo — , to pre- 
serve oranges (in fine leaves.) 

Kakoi, )ty 3 t, S, «. An inclosure, fence, 
barrier. . — wo szru^ to make a fence. 

Kakoi-ME, ;& 3 t> , $h ^, «• a mistress, 
or concubine kept in private. 

Kakoi-MONO, 7^ 3 h^ /, «. idem. 

KAKOMARE,-rw,-^a, ;^3-el^;^, St @9 
Pass, of Kakomu. 

KAKOMij-mMj-wcfa, ij^u^^y^, t. v. To 
surround, inclose, confine on all sides, en- 
compass. Tehi wo — , to surround the 
enemy. Skiro wo hakonde semeru. 


Kako Ml, ^ 3 ^ , H? w. The inclosure, that 
which surrounds or shuts in, a siege, 
blockadft, circumvallation. — wo tszite 
kakenukeruj to pass through a besieging 
army and escape. — wo toku, to raise a 

KAKOTSZKEj-rWj-fa, ^ 3 5>^;U, |£, t r. 
To make as a pretext, pretence, excuse, 
make believe. Sankei wo kakotazkete asohi- 

ni yukUf under the pretence of going to 
the temple he went a pleasuring. 


Kakotszkb, * 3 y ^, |g, n. Pretext, pre- 
tence, excuse. Nanni mo — ga naiy no 
pretence whatever. Go-yo wo — ni sxru^ 
to make public service a pretext. 

Kaku, if ^y See Kaki. 

Kaku, ij ^, ^, n. A musket target 

Kaku, Hj^,^, n. Rank, grade, degree of 
elevation or dignity, station, pattern, 
rule. Kalu ga yoi Kio^ a man of high 
rank. Kono kaku de koshirage, make after 
this pattern. — wo hadzrerUy to depart 
from a rule, make an exception. 
Syn. KURAi. 

Kaku, ^^, ^, (maroto), n, A guest, 
visitor, stranger. Syn. kiyaku. 

Kaku, jlj^^ ^, n. Corner, angle, a horn, 
square. Shikahuy square. San-kakd^ 
three cornered. Kaku-hashira^ a square 
post. Kaku no bon, a square tray. — ni 
kini, to cut anything square. — na mojiy 
the square form of the Chinese character. 

1|Kaku, ij^yn, A blow with both heels 
given to a horse while riding. E?to — 
wo utszy or kakic wo ireru. 

KaKUj -fy^y ^? ^- This. — noiorijtMB 
way, this manner. Nanji ga — szru tea 
ikanaru kokorozoge, what was your inten- 
tion in doing this ? Kaku no Ktogaray this 
kind of a person. Syn. konO) ko, kore. 

Kaku, :^^, Q§, n. A disease of stomach 
characterized by vomiting of what has 
just been eaten. 

fKAKU-BAKARI, 7^ ^''^^ V , ^ H*, ddt. 
Thus, so, or this much. 

Kaku-ban, iji^^'^yy R| #, Alternate 
watches, watch and watch. — ni tssdomeru* 
Syn. kawari-ban. 

Kaku-BETSZ, ^^-^V^, >Br ®J? ^ Partic- 
ular, special, diflferent from ordinary, 
impor tant. — kawaita koto mo gozctimcuen, 
there is no particular change. — itam- 
masen^ it is not particularly painful. Kore 
wa — ni yoroshiy this is particularly good. 
' — no yamai de wa nai, it is not a serious 
sickness. Syn. tori-wakbte, bktsz- 


Kaku- DAN, Hj^^y, ij^ g. Different 
from ordinary, particular, special, impor- 
tant. — 710 chigai wa nai, no especial 
difierence. Syn. betszdan. 

Kaku-gwai, ij^^V^y ^ 9hf Extraor- 
dinary, contrary to the rule, an exception, 
particular, special. — no iriyo, extraor- 
dinary expenses. Onna wa — m szrUj 

Digitized by 


KAK * 

KAM * 


women are an exception. — ni yaszi^ ex- 
traordinarily cheap. 

Kaku-gbtsz, if ^ y ^, BI ^ , «. Alternate 
months, month about, every other month. 

KakugO, i3i^=f^ %^yn. The conclusion 
or decision of the mind in view of some 
fdture event; having one's mind made up, 
or prepared for some thing anticipatecf ; 
preparation, resignation, readiness. Ame 
furu no — de amagu tco moUehitay con- 
cluding that it was going to rain I brought 
my rain clothes- Nureru — de hka, I de- 
termined to come even should I get wet. 
Omo koto ga kanawasm toki wa shino to 
no — , when matters do not go as I wish 
I have made up my mind to die. — no 
tnaye^ conclusion of mind. — wa yoi ha 
are you ready ? Shinuru — se yo^ pre- 
pare to die. 

Kakui, ij^Ay ^My ( hedategohoro ) 
Separation of heart, unfriendliness. — 
ncdai, Syn. k'yaku-shin. 

Kaku-jitsz, ij^I^'^jf^ H, w. Alternate 
days, day about, every other day. 
Syn. iCHi-NiCHi-OKi. 
IKaku-kaku, ij^-h^, H il, adv. 
Bright, shining, refulgent, glittering. 
Hiyd gan — to sKte nickirin no narahi 
idetaru gotohi. 


KAKUMAi,-aw,-a^^a, Hj^^-^y, ^,t.v,To 
conceal, hide. Toganm wo kakumote 
taszherUy to save a criminal by concealing 
him. Syn. kakusz. 

tKAKU-MAKU, *^-^^, Bi BI, n. The 

tKA-KUN, Hf^y,'^^, (lye no oshiye). 
Home education, rules of a family. 

Kaku-NEN, 7^^^^, hi ^, n. Alternate 
years, year about, every other year. 

Kaku-no-gotoki,-ku,-shi, -h^ /^y^y 
fSi 3^, Thus, in this way, so, such, 
referring to something said before. 
Syn. KONO-YO, K0N0-t6ri, ka-yO. 

KAKURE,-rw,-<a, -h^^f^^ !i» *-^- T^. 
be hid, concealed, secret, to die. T«z^* 
Icumo ni kakureia^ the moon is hid by the 
cloud. lye no kage ni — , hid in the shade 
of the house. Kakuretaru yori araware- 
taru wa nasht, there is nothing more man- 
ifest than what is concealed. 
Syn. HI80MU. 

fKAKUBE-GA, ^^lyff, ^^,n, A se- 
cluded or retired house. 

KakukEMBO, Hj^iyyrr^^, n. The game 
of blind-man's buff. 

||Kakure-mi, ^^i^^,Ji :^, ». One 
living in seclusion, or concealment. 

tKAKU-SEi, ij^-tAy ^ M.y n. A new, 
or strange star. 

KAKUSHi,-«!,-«A7a, * ^ ^ , IK, tv. To 
hide, conced, to secrete. Mi wo — , to 
hide one's self, or live in seclusion. To- 
ganin wo — , to conceal a criminal. Chi- 
ye wo — , to hide one's talents. Nedzmi 
wo torn neko wa tszme wo — , (prov.) 

Kakushi-bauo, ij^y/^A '^'^ ? fZ J[ A? 
n. A secret prostitute, who does not live 
in the prescribed place. 

Kakushiki, Hj^-y^, :^ ^, n. Rank 
grade, degree of elevation or dignity, sta- 
tion in society. Syn. kurai, bun-gen, 
hOshiki, ftSISUIKI. 

tKAKU-Sflm, ij^-yyy fi|>5,«. Estran- 
ged, distant, cool, unfriendly. 

Kakutb, i)^ 9 j 9^1^, ado. Then, after 
that, and, so then. Syn. sosh'tb. 

Kaku-uchi, *^ ♦-f , ^ #r, ». Target- 

Kaku-YA, i3 9^^ ^ ^, «. Alternate 
nights, night about, every other night, 

Kaku-YAKU, * ^ -V ^, adv. Bright, 
shining, glittering. 

Kama, ij-^, §|^, n. A sickle. — de ine 
wo haruy to cut rice with a sickle. — wo 
kakeruj to apply the sickle, (fig.) to elicit 
the truth by pretending to know all about 

Kama, tJt-^, ^, n. An iron pot. 

Kamabiszshi,-ki,-ku,u-, ^^\:^y,t^, 
Tumultuous, noisy. Syn. sawagashii, 

Kamaboko, ^^1^3, J^ $$, n. A kind 
of food made of fish cut up fine rolled 
into a ball and baked. 

Kama-buta, ij-^Tfiy ^ 3i, w. A pot 

Kamachi ij-^^, i%7 ^' The frame of a 
door, or window. 

Kamado, Hj -^ Vy ^, n. A furnace, kitchen 

KAMAi,-aw, or d,-atta, ij-^y, ^, i.Vy 
To meddle with, interfere, to be concerned 
about, to mind, care for. kamai nasaru 
nay don't trouble your self about it. let it 
alone. Watakushi no kamo koto de wa naiy 
it is an affair in which I have no business 
to meddle. Dare wa omaiye wo kamaUay 
who hurt you ? Dodemo kamai'maseny 
it don't mauer how. Sonna koto ni ka- 
matte wa irarenuy I can't be bothered with 
such a matter as that. Kamo koto wa naiy 
it is not worth carini^ for. 

Digitized by 



KAM )3 

KAM i) 

Kama-it ACHi, ^^^i^f , ift Ifl, w. An 
invisible animal supposed to inflict wounds 
on people: thus if a person should fall, and 
without any apparent cause, receive a cut, 
they say he is, kamaUachi ni Idrareta. 

Kama-kiri, 5t; -^ ^r V , i^ ($, ». A man- 
tis. Syn. tOrO, ibojiru 

KAMAaE,-r?^,-^a, ij^yyjv^ ^ ^, (pass, 
or pot. of Kamt'y mu). To be bitten, can 
bite. Jnu ni kamareta, bitten by a dog. 
Sa nashi de hamarenai^ he has no teeth 
and cannot bite. 

KAMASE,-?*i^,-ia, ij-^^f^y^ Sl> (caus. 
o{ Kamu). To cause, or let bite. Inu ni 
Kto wo hamaseru koto nakarey don't set the 
dog on people. Uma ni kut^wa wo — , to 
put a bit in the horse's mouth. 

ELamasz, ij^^, ^ -^j «. A straw bag. 

Kamasz, •h'^Ts.j^'^.n. A kind offish. 

Kamawadz, Kamawa^u, or Kamawa- 
NAI, ij^/\:^j (neg. of Kamai.) 

ElAMAWARE,-r«,-^a, ;itf-r/Nt>;l', (pass, of 
ofKamat, au. 

KAMAYE,-rUy-ta, fj-^^/i^y Wt^t^V' To 
enclose, to prepare, to assume an attitude, 
posture, or position ; to build, frame, con- 
struct, to concoct, devise. Skiro wo — , 
to construct a castle. Uma wo noran to 
— , to be in the attitude of mounting a 
horse. Tedate wo — , to devise a plan. CMn- 
zen wo — , to prepare a sumptuous feast. 

Syn. 80NAYBRU. 

Kama YE, ^^^, H, n. The external ar- 
rangement, form, and appearance of a build- 
ing, manner, attitude, posture, position, 
an enclosure. Kono iye no — ga i, the 
structure and arrangement of this house is 
fine. Mi-gamaye wo szru, to put one's 
self in the proper posture. Yumi-gamaye 
wo szru^ to put one s self in the proper 
attitude for shooting the bow. 

Kam-ban, ijy^^yy IE SK? «• A coat 

worn by a servant having the master's coat 
of arms on the back. 

Kam-ban, ijy^^y, ^ Jg, w. A sign- 
board. — wo kakerUj to hang up a sign. 

fKAM-BASE, ijy^^^y ^, w. The face, 
countenance. Syn. kao, tszra. 

Kam-batsz, Hj y ^^ f, ^ If, n. A 
drought, want of rain. Syn. uideri. 

Kam-ben, fjy^y, ^ ^, To consider, 
think over, reflect, deliberate on, to weigh 
in the mind, to pardon. — sh^te kudamrey 
have patience with me, or pardon me. 
Yoku — sh'te mi-mashdy I will consider well 
about it. — naranu, unpardonable. 
Syn. kanoayeru, riyo-ken, kax-ko. 

Kam-BIYO, ifyy^^^y^^y Nursing, or 
attending on the sick. — win, a sick-nurse. 
Syn. KAi-BO. 

tKAM-B5, ijy^^,]Sk Wy {kazevjohiku.) 
To catch cold. 

Kam-BUTSZ, ^yf^^ $£ ^j »*• Vegeta- 
bles dried for food. 

Kame, ij ^ , ^, n, A tortoise. — no ko, the 
shell of a tortoise. 

Kame, ij;^, jg, «. Ajar, 

Kame-bara, ij:^>^'^yn. Kind of disease. 

Kame-NO-0, *;« / 7, H Jl, w. The Coc- 
cyx. Syn. BITKIKOTSZ. 

K-AMl, ijlyifSfyn. God. This word is ap- 
plied only to the deities worshiped by the 

Kami, jjly^yn. K title of rank. 

Kami, ;i5f ^ , Jl, {wiye,) Superior, above, 
high, upper in rank or place, ruler, wife. 

— ni tatsz Kto^ superiors. Kawa-kami^ up 
the river. — ye nohoru, to go up a river, or 
to the capital. Kami td-ka, the first ten 
days of a month. Kami no okite^ the laws of 
the government. kami sariy your wife, 
also a title used in addressing any mar- 
ried woman. =Mrs. 

Kami, fj\, |g, n. Paper. — wo szku, to 

make paper. 
Kami, ijly^y n. The hair of the head. 

— wo yu, to dress the hair. — wo kaku^ 
to scratch the head. — wo tokasZj to comb 
the head. — wo sskuy to scrape the dan- 
druff off with a fine comb. — wo hayasz^ 
to let the hair grow long. — wo 80i% to 
shave off the hair. — wo orosZy to enter 
the priesthood. 

fKA-Ml, ;^ 5 , Jll ^, Adding medicines in 
extemporaneous prescriptions. — szru, 

Syn. KAGEN. 

KAMi,-mw,-wc?a, ijJ^y^, tv. To bite, 
chew, gnaw. Kande fvhimeru^ to chew 
the food and ieed it to the young, (fig.) 
to nourish and rear up with care, to in- 
struct. Inuga — , the dog bites. 

KAMi-Ai,-o-<zf^a, -hXrJy^^ ^y t>.To 
bite each other, to fight, as dogs, /fw 

Kami-gata, ij\if^y ^^ifyn. The cap- 
ital, the region about Kiyoto, 

Kami-ire, ^ M i-^, |£ A? w. A wallet for 
holding paper. 

Kami-KIRI, * ^ # V , ^ -|!J, w- A paper- 

Kami-kiri, tI^ ^ * V j 5c ^9 »• a kind of 

KAMi-KiRi,-rw.,-^^a, ^ \ ^)V^ Pj| Hf, ix. 
To bite off. 

Digitized by 


KAM if 

KAN * 



KAMl-KONASHl,-S2,-5A'^a, 7& ^ =»^^, Pft 

4ii; tt. To mastica»e. 

KAMl-KUDAKl,-ftw,-lYa, ^ > ^^^ Pft, 
^^, ^.t?. To break, or crush with the teeth, 
to craunch. 

Kaki-MUKI, ij\u^^ J: IflJ, n. Used in 
speaking of a master, or the government. 

Kami-nari, Tlr ^ -^ V , W> »• Thunder. — 
ga goro-goro to nam, the thun(ier rolls. — 
ga ockiru, the lightning strikes. — yoke, 
a charm against lightning, a lightning rod. 
Syn. RAi, iKADzcni. 

Kami-OKI, ijlf^,^^, n. The cere- 
mony on the occasion of first letting a 
child's hair grow, at ^bout 5 years of age. 

Kami-sakayaki, ijl-^ij^^t, ^ M ft, 
n. Dressing the hair in Japanese style. — 
wo 8zru» 

KA.Mi-SfliME,--rt<,-fa, -hX-yj^;)^^ Pft ^, 
L r. To gnash the teeth. 

Kami-SHIMO, iJi-y^^j Jiiy, Above and 
below, superiors and inferiors; also, a i)C- 
culiar dress worn on occasions of ceremo- 

KAm-SORl, ijXV^),%\\JJ,n. A razor. 

Kami-SZKI, -^l^^, ^\^, n. A paper 

Kami-SZKI-BA, ij I ^ ^r^^, IS ?i :^, n. 
A paper mill. 

KAMl-TSZKI,-i?i,-iVa, ijf?^^ Pfi ^, 
U r. To bite, lay hold of >N'ith the teeth. 

Kami-YA, iJ l^y^ M) *^« A piper store. 

Kami-YUI, tSt ^ ^ b, ^ ig, 7i. A barber, 

tKAM-MON, ijy^y,%^,n. A wittcn 
opinion sent to the Tenshi, 

Kammuri, ijyj>^y}y ^, n, A kind of 
black cap worn by nobles. 

Kammtjri, 7{? yi* i; , see Katmri, 

Kamo, ^^, 1^, w. A wild duck. 

Kamoi, ij^^,^%^, «.. The upper beam, 
in the groove of which a door, or screen 
slides ; the lower is called Shikii. 

Kamoji, iJ^l?,^,n. False hair. 

KamomjB, jj^i;^,^, n. A kind of sea- 

tKA-MOK, ij=^yy^ Pg, n. The family, 
house, clan, tribe. 

KAM0SHi,-s2,-s/i'^a, -h^ft^^^.t^v. To 
brew. — Bake woj to brew sake, Kemwi 
wo — , to compose one's self to sleep. 
Urami wo — , to produce hatred. 

Kamoshika, jj-t'yfj, |^ ^, n. A kind 
of wild stag. 

Kampan, ij y^<y, )jg ;g[, w. The deck of 
a ship. 


tKAMPASHi,-6";srw,-5A'^a, ijy^^7^)V^ ^ 
{jj[, (mi-yahuru^) t. v. To discover, un- 
derstand, to see into, or perceive some- 
thing that does not lie on tlie surface. 

Kampiyo, :^;^K^, j^Ht, n. A kind of 
dried melon. 

Kam-PO, fj yy^^, ^ if, (karanohoj n. 
Cliinese system of medichie. 

tKAM-PU, fjy-/^, ^ jS, n. A cold 

Kampuku, ijy/^,^ UK, Admiration, 
commendation, ai)i)roval. — Bzni, 

Syn. KAN-SHlN. 

Kan, ij y, ^,n. Deficiency in weight or 
number, loss, waste. — ga tastz, there is 
a deficiency. Syn. iikri, meki. 

Kan, ij y, ^, (Samui.) Cold. — ga hi- 
dot, the cold is severe. Shokan^ the pe- 
riod of moderate cold, 15 days about the 
beginning of the 12th month. Dai-kan, the 
pi^rioil of severe cold, in the 12th month. 

fKAN, ij y^ |g|, n. China. Wakau, Japim 
and China. Kango, the Chinese language. 
Kaii-jly Cliinese chai-acters. 

Kan, ij y, flf , (Kimo;) n The liver. Kan 
no zoy (idem.) 

Kan, -fy y^ j^, w. Marasmus. — no yamai, 

Kan, ij y^ ^, n. Epilepsy. 

Syn. TKN-KAN. 

Kan, ij y,1^j n. Quick of perception, 
clever, or quick witted. — no yoi zato, a 
blind j)erson who is clever in finding his 
way. — wo Uzkeru^ to be quick to per- 
ceive, guess, or suspect. 

Kan, i) y , ^, n» Admiration. — ni taye- 
tarty affected to admiration. — 7io aniari 
ni hold wo yatta, 

Kan, -h y^^, (aiafameru.) Used as fol- 
lows. Sake no — wo sznh or — tvo Uz- 
keru, to warm sake by setting the bottle 
in hot water. 

fKANA, 7&-^, rI^, Exclam. used at the 
end of a sentence, = to the uiterjection 
sign ! Fushingi tmru kana, how wonder- 
ful I 

Kana, *-^, JS ^, n. The 46 characters 
of the Japanese alphabet, so called from 
their having been bo}Towed from the 
Chinese. — de kaku, to use the Japanese 
characters in writing. Katakana, Ilira- 

||KANA,^-^,|f ^, w. Violet colored thread. 

Kana-ami, *-hr^, ^ ^, n, A wire 
netting, wire gauze. 

Kana-basami, ^^^^-i^>^ ^^ JJ^ n 
Shears for cutting m etal. 

Digitized by 



KAN ij 

KAN ij 

Kana-bashi, ij^^^-y^ i^ ^-y-, n. A black- 
smith's tonors. 

Kana-beba, ij^^^y ^ gfc, n. An iron 

Kana-bo, ^-h.^:^, g| :f^, n. An iron 
rod, or staff. 

Kana-butsz, ^^/5^, ^ ^,n. A metal* 
image of Buddha. 

Kana-DARAI, ij-Y^'^A, ^ 11,71. A cop- 
per basin. 

tKANADE,-r2t, *^r>, ^, «'.f. To dance 
to music. 

Kana-doyu, *-^ K^, ^ ^, ?i. A cop- 
per pipe. 

Kana-dzchi, ^-^yf , g| ^i, «. An iron 

Kana-dzkai, 7&-^^/>!? t, ^ ^ 5t, Spel- 
Hug with the Japanese syllables, — ga 
tcaruu — ga yot. 

tKANADZRU, ^-^^/;^, ^, Sameas^aTia- 

Kanagai, :^-^;«^'t, w. Lead or tin foil. 

Kana-gai, iji-ifyLy ^ ti n, A metal 
spoon made in the shape of a sh^tll. 

Kana-gaki, 7&-h/r#, jg ;S :^, Written 
in the Japanese characters. 

Kanagashira, 7t^-^75rs/f,|jic, w. A kind 
of fish. Syn. h6bo. 

Kanagu, fj-rr, ^ ^, 71. The ornamen- 
tal metal work on bureaus, boxes, &c., 
A metal ring, clasp lock. 

l|KANAGURl,-rt«,-^^rt, ij-r/fi', if, t.v. 
To coil, (as a rope) to wrench off, to 
scratch. Nawa %co — , \>6 coil a rope. 
Yajiri tco — , to wrench off an arrow 
head. Syn. tagtjru, saouku. 

Kana-GUSARI, ijj)'^'^])^ Sf,7z. Achain. 

Kana-GUTSZ, iJi-/^y,^lty n. Horse- 

Kana-hibashi, ^-Mi^t^', M ifC^, n. 

Kanai, -fy-^A y ^ ft J w. Family, house, 
wife. Go — no nindz ikii tan, how many 
persons are there in your family ? Go — 
sama, your wife. 
KANAi,-at*, or Oy'-attay -h-^y^^^ i.v. 
To agree with, to suit, accord. Kokoro, or 
hi ni — , to like, to suit one's mind. 
Michi ni — , to be reasonable. Negai ga 
— , to obtain a request. 

Kana-kin, ij^^yy i^ ;<p, 71. Muslin, 
long-cloth of foreign make. 

Kana-kugi, ;^-h^^, ^iX, n. An iron 

Kana-kuso, :^-^^ y, ^ ^, n. Metal 

Kaname, i)-f:^^^yn The rivet or pin of 
a fan, (fig,) the important, or governing 
principle, the cardinal point. 
Syn. KiKiMB, kanyO. 

Kanaradz, ij-^-'^^y ^, a<?t\ Positively, 
certainly, necessarily, must. Kore, — hu- 
TO ni szru nayo^ you must not feel troub- 
led. — iu nOy must not speak of it 
Kochi ni — wazawai aran, afterwards 
misfortune will certainly befall you. 
Syn, kessh'tb, zehi, kitto. 

Kanari, ^ -h i; , Pi JJly Tolerably, middl- 
ing well, passibly, can or may do. Xono 
hocho — ni JciriniashOy this knife cuts tol- 
erably well. Syn. mayof. 

Kanariya, *-h j; V, 71. A canary bi.-d. 

Kanashii,-ki, ^-h5//f, ^J ^, a. Sad 
lamentable, sorrowful, afflictive. 
Syn. uref. 

Kana-sHIKI ij-^y^y^y n. An anvil. 

Kanashimi, fji-yXy^yU. Sorrow, sad- 
ness, grief. 

Kanashiku, ij-j-y^y ^y adv. See Ka. 

KANASHlMl,-7nt^,-7lC?a, fj-^yj^y ^y tv 
To grieve, to lament, mourn, to sorrow. 
Oya no shinda koto wo — , to mourn the 
death of a parent. 

Kanashisa, fj-f-y-^y :g, n. Sorrow, sad- 
ness. — wo kakusZf to conceal one's 

Kanata, 7t^•^^, is :^, (cont. of JKano 
Icata,) There, that place. — konata^ here 
and there, place to place, all about, — 
honata mi wo kawaszy to move here and 
there. Syn. anata, ano-ho, achira, 

Kana-teko, ij-Yf^, ik |g, «. An iron 

Kana-TOKO, ij^y^y^^yn. An anvil. 
Syn. KANAsniKi. 

Kanatszmpo, ;5,^vj^;/^^, n. A deaf- 

Kanawadz, Kanawanu, Kanawanai, 
* -^'^^, /(i t^y The neg. of Kanaiy au. 
Cannot, impossible. Futa-tabi sho-ten izru 
koto — , cannot ascend to heaven again. 

tKANAYE, ij-Y^, ^, n. A three legged 
kettle, used in ancient times. 

tKAN-CHl, ^y^-y ^ §, (yokoshima no 
chiyey) n. Wicked, cunning, subtlilly, 

Kan-chiku, fjyf^y ^ j^y 71. A kind 
of bamboo. 

tKAN-DAN, ijy^>y ^ Bf, (S(mui' 
atszi.J Cold and hot, temperature. — ^o 
Imkaruy to observe the temperature. 

Digitized by 


KAN )j 

KAN ^ 


fKAN-DAN, ijy^y, g| gj^, (Shtdskana 
hanashLJ A quiet talk, conversing while 
at leisure. 

Kan-dan-ke, ijy^y^,^J&ti,n.A 


Kan-d6, i!fy^^,^'§, n. Disinherit- 
ing, discarding, or turning a disobedient 
son out of the familj. — szruy to disinherit 
a child. — tco ukeru, to be turned out of 
tlxe family. 

tKj^-DO, Hjyr^, f^ ^, (nuhi mtchi,) 
n- A by-way, a secret way. 

Kaijdzbu, ij y^;^, J^, see Kanjt'y ruy 

Kake, tSt^, ^j «• Metal, ore, money. 

— wo horuy to dig ore. — wo fukuy 
to smelt ore. — wo mokeruy to earn 
money. — no riy interest of money. — no 
tszruy a vein of metal-ore. — wo dasz Uga 
naij not disposed to spend money. 

Kake, ij=^^ 1^, w. A bell. — wo naraazy 
to ring a bell. — wotszku, to strike a bell. 

— noney the sound of a bell. 

Kane, ij^,iji^y n. The stuff used by 
Japanese women for staining the teeth. 

— wo tszkeruy or — wofukumuy to apply 
the black-stain. 

KANB,-7-w,-^a, -h^A^y^y tv. To dis- 
charge the duties of two, or more ofRces at 
the same time ; to use a thing for two pur- 
poses; to comprehend, or include two or 
more things in one ; to have a feeling of 
dread, and consequent effort to please. 
Difficult, or hard, cannot. SHori defutalsz 
wo — . Kerai wa shujin no ki wo kaneru, 
the servant fears and tries to please his 
master. Isogashikute yuki-kofieru, I am so 
busy I cannot go. Chigu wo kuTie-sonat/erUy 
possessing both wisdom and valor. F'ia 
yaJcu kaneru, holding two offices. 
Syn. KEXTAi. 

Kake-bako, iJ^^^^y^ ^, w. A money- 

Kane-fude, ij:^7r, 1^^ ^y n, A 
brush used in staining the teeth. 

Kane-FUKI, *^7*, ^ 5Jc, «. A metal- 

KAp-GANE, ijz^if:^^^ ||, adv. Pre- 
viously, before. — o shirase mosz tori^ in 
the way you told me before. 


tKANE-GOTO, i]:^=f\^^'^^n. A secret 
or previous promise, (as of marriage.) 

Kane-guba, ij:^^^^^ IK, w. A money- 
vault, a money-safe, a treasury. 

Kane-horj, *^t^y, ^ :^, w. a mi- 

Kane-ire, * ^ ^ l--, ^ A, «• A pui-sc. 

KanekashI, iJ^ij'yy^% «. A money- 
lender, a bank. 

ELiKE-MOCHI, *^^f, ^ ^, n, A rich- 

KaNE-M0CH1-RA8HU,-KI,-KU, ij^^t^"^ 

J i/'A y Having the appearance of a rich- 
man, like a rich-man. 

Kanete, i!j=J-ry ^yCidv. Previously, be- 
fore, beforehand. — mosin inketa ioriy as 
it was ordered before. — yoriy before. — 
yaku'jo sKta tori ni nasarcy do it in the 
way you before promised. Syn. katsztk, 


Kane-tszbo, *^^*', ffe^^, n. A 
jar for holding tooth-dye. 

Kane-tszke-ishi, fj=^^^^A'yyU,^^y 
w. A touch-Stone. 

Kane-ZASHI, ^^fJ^, ft /^, n. A car- 
penter's square. 

KANGAMi,-rt^,-fa, ij>if\)\^j^, (Kan- 
gami^miru^) t v. To look at as in a mir- 
ror, to regard aig an example, (for immi- 
tation, or warning.) Midz ni — ,to look 
into water as in a mirror. Imsktge ni — , 
to look upon the ancients as examples. 

KANGAYE,-7'W,-^a, ij y-ff^Py ^y i.v. To 
think on, to reflect, consider, to ponder. 
Dosh'te got ka kangayte mi-namiy think 
over how it had better be done. Kanga- 
yete mo wakaramiy think over it as I may I 
can't understand it. S}ti. omo, kamben 


Kangaye, ij yjf^y ^, n. Thought, con- 
sideration, reflection. — ga tszkanUy I 
can't make it out. Syn. oMOr. 

Kan-gen, ijyyyy U "^j n. Expostula- 
tion, or remonstrance with a superior. 
Kimi wo — «zrM, to expostulate with a 
master, id. 


. Kani, ij n 21) ^« ^ crab. — no hasamiy a 

crabs claws. 
Kani-baba, :^:i^^^^, or Kani-kuso, ij 

-^ '-^j Bp ^j ^' The meconium. 
tKA-Nl-KAKU, ijzL-fy^y Various, this and 

that. Syn. toxikaku. 
tKAN-lN, ij yA y, $f J$, n. Rape. — 

szrvy to commit a rape. Syn. gO-ix. 
tKA-NlU,-5Z?n/, *^^, JB A> (hiwaye- 

irent,) To join, to become one of the same 

company, to go along with. 
Kan-JA, ijyi^^j Pb^ ^, w. Aspy. — «o 

irete Ukino kiyo-jitsz wo sagunij to send a 

spy and find out the aflJairs of the enemy. 


IKan-ja, ijyi^^, ^ ^p, w. Sickness 
from severe cold weather. — vi atam* 

Digitized by 



KAN ij 

KAN * 

tKAN-JA, ijyv^^j Jl: 5fl$, Unprincipled, 
villainous, depraved. 

KAN-Jij-rfzn^j-^a, i] y^fi^j JI, t. v. To 
admire; to regard with approbation, es- 
teem, or admiration]; to be moved, affect- 
ed. Kanjite rakit^rui szru^ to be affected 
to tears. Kaze ni — , affected by the wind.* 
Syn. KAN-SHIN szuu. 

Yik^n^--dzru-ta, ij y^)\^, 3^, Iv. To be 
cold. Hidoku kandzruy lo be extremely 

Kanji, ijy^, ^,n. The cold. — ^a Uz- 

Kanjiki, ij >^^, ^, w. Snow-shoes. 
Syn. soKi. 

tKAN-JlN, -hyi^yy^ A> ^- A villian, 
traitor, a depraved unprincipled man. 

Kan- JIN, ijyi^y^^^y (lit. bowels and 
kidneys.) n. Important, essential, princi- 
pal part. — no yd waszreta^ have forf^ot- 
len the most important business. Syn. 


||Kan-jo, ijyi^3,f^]^,n.K privy. 
Syn. SETSziN, cuOdzba. 

tKAN-Jo, -h yi^^-^y iSk tK* ^*- ^ l®"er 0^ 
praise ifor meritorious services, from a 

Kan-jo, ij y^*^^^ ^ ^, n. An account, 
reckoning, calculation, a bill, the amount. 
— szruy to count up, to reckon, number, 
to settle an account, to pay a bill. — wo 
shimeruj to ^n(\ the sum. — wo awasefu, 
to add up an account. — chigaiy the ac- 
count is wrong. — no ahimcy the 5um of 
an account. FuJcanjo, careless of ac- 
counts. — wa ikuray what is my bill, or 
what is the amount? — ga warui, your 
reckoning will not suit. Cliodo sono — 
da, you are right, or it is just as you 
make it. Syn. santO. 

tKAN-KA, ijy-h, f^ ilg,w. Leisure. 


IKan-KEI, ^ y^^, j^ W[,n.* Nefarious 
plan, or scheme, a conspiracy, treason. 
Syn. warudakumi. 

Kan-K1, ^ y^,^^,n. Cold, 
Syn. SAMi'SA, 

Kax-ki, iJ y^, ^ ^, n. The discharge 
of a servant for some offence, disgrace, 
Kimino — wo komum, to be disgraced by 
a master. Syn. siiiKiuiHi. 

tKAN-KlYO, ijy^B, ^^ JB^ Living re- 
tired from bubiness. — 8zni. 

Kankodori, fjy=iv\), ^ -f .1^, w. A 
kind ol bird. 

tKAN-KU, ijy^,^^, Hard and bitter 
circumstances, difficult and painful. 

tKAN-K'WA, ijy^7 ^:^y (tate hoko.) 
Shield and t^pear. — wo vgokaszy to ex- 
cite war. 

KannA, if y-^, 1^, 71. A plane. — no daiy 
the wooden part of a plane. — ib<d!s, sha- 
vings. Ita wo — de hedzruy to plane 

Kan-nabe. -h y-^^y^i^^^ n. A pot for 
warming sake, 

tKANNAGI, -h y-^^y'Sli^n. K dancer in a 
Kagura, Syn. miko. 

Kannan, -h y-^y^^ p? **• Trouble, dif- 
ficulty, adversity, calamity, affliction. 
Syn. NAN-r.i, kan-ku, kikO. 

tKAN-NEl, ^ y^A,j^ M, Subtle, cun- 
ning, treacherous, crafty. 

KannIN, ij y;:iy, ^ Jg., (koraye shim- 
hujy n. Patience, forbearance, self-res- 
traint. — szruy to be patient, to restrain 
one's self, to bear patiently. — sh'U o 
kun-nasai, please be patient with me, par- 
don me. Karu — tea dare mo szruj nara- 
mc — 8zru ga kannin^ (prov.) 

IKan-NO, ijy-k'^y ^My^ Answer to 
prayer. — ga am. 

Kan-no, ijy/^^ :S IS, Skilfiil, expert, 

Kan-nukHI, *^-5?5/', jpl^^,w. The priest 
of a Sintoo iniya. Syn. negi, 

Kako, ij Jy^y pro. That. — h'loy that 
man. — iokaro, that place. Syu. and, 


Kano, ij-j-y, f^ec Kariai, 0. 

Kanoko, ij/n ^ :^^n. A fawn, spot- 
ted like a fawn. 

Kanoshishi, -h ;-y-y, Jffi, w. A deer, stag. 

Kan-ran, ^ ^7 ^, fti fe, n. The Chi- 
nese olive. 

tKAN-REl, ij y\yA , ^ V^y (sanmku hiya- 
yaka). Cold and chilly. 

Kan-RIYAKU, 7!;^y-v^, f^ W|f, To be 
economical, saving, frugal. — wafa-ha 
nitemo dai ichi ni okono heki koto, economy 
should be observed even in wealthy fanii* 
lies. Syn. kexyakl*, tszdzmayaka. 

tKAN-RO, -fyyvj jf ^, 71. Manna, a 
sweet dew said to fall from the sky. — 

tKAN-Rul, -hyji^Ay ^ ^, it. Tears of 
joy, or admiration. — wo nagaszj to weep 
for joy. 

Kan-satsz, ij y-^^^y jg :f;L, n. A wood- 
en ticket, or pass. 

tKAN-siiA, ij y-y>Cy jj* JiS;, n. Sugarcane. 
Syn. SATo-KiBl. 

Kan-shaku, fjyy^^, Bf ^5 «• Q"*»<^^' 

temper, ])assion, petulance. — irookof^y 
to rouse uj) aiigor. Syn. tanki. 

Digitized by 


KAP a 

KAR ^ 


Kan-shin, ij y-y y^ ]$ >5», n. Admira- 
tion, wouder. — szruy to be affected to 

tKAN-SH6,-«Kr«, ijy-y^^y ;S ft> To 
admire and praise. 

Kan-8h6, 'hy-yB^'^l^j n. A kind of 
fragrant wood. 

Kan-sho, Hjyy^, H ^, n. A letter 
of remonstrance, or expostulation to a su- 

Kan-SZ, i}y^,'^^,n. The purvey- 
ing priest of a Buddhist monastery of the 
Fuke sect. 

tKAN-TAN,-szrtf, ijy^y, J^^j To 
admire, applaud, to cry or sigh in admira- 
tion, or applause. 

tKAN-TAN, ijy^y, Bf |t,n. Liver and 
gall-bladder. Kantan wo hudaku^ (fig.) 
with great pains, with great care and anx- 

fKAN-TEI, ijyrAy H .^' Inspecting 
and judging of the qualities of works of 
art. — shtty a connoisseur, critic, judge. 
Syn. MEKiKi. 

Kan-ten, * ^r >', |g >C> :fcj »^- A kind 
of food made of dried sea- weed. 

tKAN-wA, ijyVj'^^.n. Leisure talk. 

Kan-YETsZ, 5& >' ji ^j', ^ fli? ^- Admira- 
tion and joy. 

Kan-zake, ijy^^, fiS ?5, w. Warm 

Kan-zashi, ijy-^-y, ^, n. Ornamental 
hair pins worn by women. 

Kan-z6, ij yf^, -^ :^, w. Liquorice. 

Kao, ^^, |g, n. The face, countenance. 
— too szrUj to shave the face. — wo Uz- 
hin, to put out of countenance, to abash. 
JFa^a mono-gao ni, acting or looking as if 
it was one's own. Shirmiai kao wo eNte 
irUj looking as if he did not know, dis- 
sembling. Syn. tszra, omote, kambase. 

Kao-IRO, :&:^/f P, ^ ^, 71. The com- 

KAORASHI,-^2,-57i'^Cf, ij J ^ ^ y ^ j|, 
Caust. of Kaori, To perfume. 

KA0Bi,-r2*,-^ifa, jj ^ ;u, ||, i. v. To 
emit a perfume. Bona ga haoru. 

SjD. NJO. 

Kaori, i& ^ V , ^, n, A perfume, odor. 
Syn. Nioi. 

Kappa, i] ^y^>c, ^ ^, (derived from the 
Spanish Capa). n, A rain coat. 

Kappa, -h V^^^ ^ :^, n. A fabulous ani- 
mal, something like a monkey, said to 
inhabit rivers. 
Syn. ka^atarO. 

I.Kappa-to, *^7>'<>, adv. The sound of 

falling or of throwing one's self down as, 

— fusz. — taoreru. 
KAPPOKOjOrKAPPUKu, *^;'/^, n. The 

shape, or proportions. — ga yoi Kto^ a 

man of fine proportions. 
Kara, -h-f^ j^*^- China. 

Syn. MOEOKosiu. 
Kara, ij ^^ ^, o. Empty, void, vacant 

— ni naruy to become empty. Karahakoy 
an empty box. Kara idoy a dry well. 
Kara horiy a dry canal. Kara seki, a dry 
cough. Kara Tiaki, crying without tears. 
KaradeppOy an unloaded gun. ITako wo 

— 7ii szru, to empty a box. Syn. aki. 
Kara, ij^ ^,^i» An empty shell, yr^/n wo 

— , a chesnut shell. Kaigara, clam-shells. 
Naki-garay empty shell, (fig.) of a lifeless 
body. Tamago no — , an Q^g shell. Semi 
no — , the cast off shell of a locust. 

Kara, -h ^^ post pas, and adi.{\.) g , or ^^ 
From, since. (2. J ]5J^, Because, since, as. 
(3.)^, Than. (1.) Tedo — kUa came 
from Yedo. Higashi — nishi made, from 
East to West. Doko — , from whence ? Itsz- 
kara, when ? from what time ? Ima — , 
from now, henceforth. Wige — , from 
above. ShHa kara, from below. Saknnm 
— , since last year. Uchi — , from within. 
Soto — , from without. Kore — , then, 
after this. (2.) Rusz da kara shiranai, as 
I was absent I don't know. Kaze gafuku 
kara gitki-viascn, since the wind blows I 
will not go. (3.) Ano hon kara miru to 
kono hon oki^ this book looks larger than 
that. Kore kara mireha ano ho wa rippa 
da, that is more splendid than this. 
Syn. YORi. 

Kara-aya, jj'^r^, Ji^ ^, n. A kind of 
silk stuff. 

KARABl,-?-t^-^a, :^-5t';^, f^ jfe, i.v. To 
be dry, arid, parched. Syn. kawaku, 

Karada, i]y^% ffi, n. The body. 
Syn. TAi, dO. 

Karadz, ij-^y^y Neg. suffix, contracted of 
final ku and aradz, as YokaradZy from 

Kara-GARA, 7&:?7&''f , ^ ^y adv. In 
great danger, or hardly. Inochi — nigete 
kuru, barely escaped with his life. 

KARAGE,-7'W,-^a, ^f y;i^, ^y t.v. To tie 
up, to bind with a cord, (as a bundle). 
Ni wo — , to tie up goods. Na^ca de — , 
to bind with a rope. Shiri wo — , to gird 
up the skirt of the dress, — gird up the 
loins. Syn. suibaru, kukuki. 

Karai,-KI, ij-^ a y ^, a. Acrid, pungent, 
sharp in taste, (fig.), severe, harsh. Kosho 
ga — , pepper is pungent. Ajiicai ga karai^ 

Digitized by 



KAR * 

KAR jj 

the taste is acrid. Karat me ni atta^ met 
with harsh treatment. 
KABAKAi,-^,-^<a, ij^-hy^^y tv. To 
tease, vex, chafe. Inu ni — , to tease a 
dog. Ainan haraJco to hd-UzharerUy if 
you tease him much you will be bitten. 
Kodomo wo — , to tease a child. 


Kara-KAMI, jj-^ijl, Jg iK, w. Wall- 

Kara-KANE, T^fT^^, if, w. BroDze. 

Kaka-KARATO, ^ :? :^ ^, PpjfPlif, adv. 
The sound of laughter, of rattling. — 
vxihi warauy burst out laughing. 

Kara-KABA, *f ^-9, adv. Dry, empty. 
Szdzri ga — sh^te iru, the ink stand is dry. 

Kara-KASA, .7&^5^-»^, ^, n. An um- 

Kabako, ijfijy, See Karahai. 

Karaku, ijy^j ^, adv. See KaraL 

Karakuri, * ^ ^ y , BS ^, «. Machi- 
nery. Syn. suiKAKE. 

KARAKURl,-ri^,-^^a, iJ^^J^.MWi^ '• ^' 
To set in motion as a machine, used only 
figuratively as. Shinshd uo — , to trade 
largely on a small capital. 

Karakusa, :^•?^^^, Jg !)li|l, n. The or- 
namental figure of a vine, in cloth, pic- 
tures, &c. 

KARAMARl,-rw,-^^a, ij-^^fi^, ^, t.v. 
Twined around, coiled; wound round in 
a spiral form, like a vine, twisted rouud. 
Matsz no hi ni hadzra ga haralmatta, the 
vine has twined itself around the pine. 
Sjrn. matO, motszkeru. 

KARAME,-r2i,-^a, 55/ f > /i-, i^, t. V. To 
bind. Uto wo — , to bind a man. i\7 wo 
— , to bind up goods. Syn. siiibaru. 

Kabamete, ijfj^f, gS ^,n. The back 
gate of a castle. 

KARAME-TORI,-nr,-f^a, :^ f ^ f ;^, SI Ji, 
t.v. To seize and bind, (as a thief). 

KARA>il,-7/iw,-?icZa, :^7>, ^,t.v. To 
coil, twine, or wind round. Tszta ga In m 
— , the ivy twines around the trer. Uebi 
ga k% ni karande nohm-Uy the suakc climbs 
a tree by winding around it. 
Syn. MATOi. 

KarAMI, ijyly ^ ^, n. Acrid, or 
pungent, in taste, also a kind of pungent 
food. — wo tsikerii. — ga am. 

KARAMi-Al,-a?r,-a^^a, -hfl 77, ?f0 fg, 
tv. To be coiled, or twined together. 

KARAMI-TSZKl,-i?6,-2Va, 7^? ^ $ 5^ ^ j .^^-j 
t.v. To wind, coil, twine round and cleave 
to anything. Hebi ga hi ni — . Kl no 
ne ga ishi ni — , 

Karappo, ij^-;if.^, ^ ^, Empty, 

dry. — ni natia. 
Karari-to, t :? V V , ® W> «<^^'- The 

sound of rattling, in falling. Yumi wo 

— nage-szteru. 

Karari-to, t^-^VV, ^ ^, cw/r. Clear, 
free from shade, bright, not gloomy, light. 

— yo ga aheta^ the morning has fully 

KaraSA, -h-f-^y r^, «. Acridity pungency, 

Kara-SAO, ^f-»f^, j£ UDj ^- A flail. 

Syn. kdruri. 
Karashi, ij'^'y,'^ ^^n. Mustard. 
Karashi, *f 5^, %, a. Acrid, pungent. 
Karashi,-5z,-sA76/, ^f ^, ^,^ tv. To 

make, or let wither, or dry. Kusa wo hi- 

te Jcarasz. to cut grass and let it dry. 
Karashi-na, ij'^i/^j ^ %^ ^' The 

mustird plant. 
Karasz, ij-f^y^y n. A crow. 
Karasz-hebi, *f -J^-^t', ,^ i(-, n. A 

KarasZKI, ij-^^Ay^^n. A plough. 

Karaszmi, ijf^l,iiiMy «• I^"^ 

Karasz-uri, * :? ^ ^ V , ^ JR, «• A kmd 

of melon, used only as a medicine. 
Kara-TACHI, ijy^'fy^, n. A kmd of 

thorny bush, -^gle sepiaria. 

Syn. KiKOKU. 
Kara-USZ, :^ f ♦ ^ , jf , w. a mortar for 

cleaning rice, (the pestle is worked by the 

Kare, ij i^, ^, pro. That thing, that per- 

son, he. Kare ga tame m\ for his sake. 

— wo nikumu mono ga oi, there are many 

who hate him. Syn. k'yatsz 
KARE,-n(,-fa, ^t/;!-, ^ft, t.p. Withered, 

dried, dead, (as a tree, grass), ^, dried 

up (as water), P5, hoarse, husky, (of the 

voice). Ki ga kusa nado ga kareta^ the 

tree or grass is withered. Kaze wo kite 

Icoye ga — , the voice is hoarse from a cold. 

Te ga — , to be a good penman. Midz ga 

— , the water is dried-up, 
KarEBA, ij\y^^y ^ ^, n. Withered leaves. 
Kare-GARE, ijv^^'xy, ^ ^y Withered, 

dried, empty. 
tKAREI, ijiyyfy ^fl9j,A celebration or 

usage founded on some Incky event. 
Karei, ^i//f, i$, «. A kind offish. 
Kare-KI, ^1/-^, ;|^* 7[C, n. A withered, 

or dead tree- 
KaRE-KORE, :^t/3t/, (^]lt, • This and 

that, one thing or another, about. — ton- 

sorogenty to pick out and put vai-ious thiugs 

Digitized by 


KAR * 

KAR ij 


in a lump. — szru uchi hi ga tcUsz, while 
doin^ this and that the days passed. — 
jit nen, about ten years. 

Karera, *i^^,^fij, plural of Kare. 

KARi,-r«,-^^a, or rita, fjfU^ XiJ, t. v. 
To cut, (as grain, hay,) to harvest, reap, 
Ine too — , to cut rice. Mugi wo — , to 
reap wheat. 

KARi,-rM,-^^a, i3f\^, Jl, i. v. To hunt, 
(aninnals,) to chase sfame. Kwna wo — , 
to hunt the bear. Yama wo — , to hunt 
in the mountains. 

KARi-rtt, or rirUj-itay ij ;i^, ||^, Uv. To 
borrow, to rent. Kane too kanij to borrow 
money. Ii/e wo karita, have rented a 
house. Il'tfi no te wo — , to get another 
to lend a hand. 

KARl,-rw,-i^a, ij)V, )^, t. V. To drive, 
urge onward, to hurry. Uma wo kaUe ha- 

Kari, ^ V , ^j n. The chase, a hunt. — 
wo szru, to hunt. — niyuku^ to go a hunt- 

Kari, * Ij , Jflg, «, A wild goose. Syn. gan. 

Kari, ij\} ,ru The corona glandis. 

Kari, * i; , ^, Temporary, for a short 
time. — no yadort\ a temporary lodging. 
— wo yf>, this world which is only tem- 
porary (Bud.) — no hashif a temporary 

Kari, ^ V , ^, n. Borrowing, a debt in- 
curred from borrowing money. Ano akin- 
do iaiso — ga dehita, that merchant has 
borrowed much, or is a great deal in debt. 

KaVRl-ATSZME,-7'M,-ea, ij\)r^/ /^j|ff H, 

tjc> To drive together, to urge to assemble. 
Kariba, ij i;^^, ^ ^, n. Huntinnr ground. 
Kari-dzmai, :&iM-^#, ^ftjg, «. a 

temporary residence. 
Kari-gane, fj \) if:^, H, n. A wild goose, 

the cry of the wild goose. Syn. gan. 
Kari-gi, ^ y ^, ^ ^, w. Borrowed 

Kariginu, ^ V ^;?, ^ ]5c, w. A kind of 

coat worn by nobles. 

Kari-iyb, ^iM^, ^ ^, n. a rented 

Kari-kabu, ^ V ^ r, XlJ ;^, n. Stubble, 
after the grain is cut. 

Kari-KATA, 7^ M^, ^ii,n. The bor- 
rower, a lessee. 

Kari-kura, ii^)^^,^ ^, n. Hunting 

KARl.KURA8HI,-5Z,-57i'^a, i) \) ^ ^ P^ ^ ^ 
%, iv. To live by hunting, to spend the 
<iay hunting. 

Kari-mata, *V-^^, JJgBS:, n. An ar- 
row with two heads. 

Kari-mono, * y ^/, it ^; w. Borrowed 

KARI-MOYOSHI,-5Z,-57^'^a, ij\) ^Sil^jKy 
IE ^, tv. To drive or hurry to'do. iZa- 
nami ni k'to wo kari-mogosz, to hurry per- 
sons to get ready to go to see the flowers. 

Kari-nb, ij\):f, ^ 1^, n. A transient 
sleep. Syn. utatane. 

Kari-ni, :«^ V-, ^, cttfy. Temporarily, for 
a short lime only, lightly. — hashi wo ha- 
^5CT^, to throw over a temporary brid<i^e. 
— 7no wand koto woba yuwami ga yoi^ it b 
better not to speak evil even in sport. — 
so sKte oka, let it be so for the present. 

Kari-nui, * V -s? h, ^ 1^, n. Temporary 
sewing, basting. 

||Kari-shun, i3\)u^y, ^ ^ |jf^ ^ 
Harvest time. 

Karisome, ^ i; ypf, ^ fj, Small in de- 
gree, trivial, trifling, little, slight. — kara 
koto ga okoru, great events arise from 
trifling causes. — ni mo uso wo tszkanu ga 
yoiy it is better not to tell even a trifling 

Kabi-udo, ^ i; ♦ K, ^ a, «. a hunter. 

Kari-YA, <^ V^r, ^ Jg, a rented house. 

Kari-yasz, * y ^;^, ^ :f , w. a kind of 

Kariyobinga, ijxjB^^^yff^ 5fe ^ !S 
flu, w. A bird in the Buddhist paradise, 
having a human face, and a charming 

KARl-YOSE,-n/,-^a, ^ys-tyi/, If If, 
tr. To drive near. 

Kabo, ^f ^, ^ ^, «. The ministers, or 
council of a Daimio, Syn ro-shin. 

KarO, ^-f^^K dubitative suffix to adjec- 
tives, contracted from the terminal sylla- 
ble, hiy and aro, 4s yokaro. contracted 
from Tokuaro, I think it will do. Ashi- 
karo, from AsJnku aro, I think it is bad. 
JCurokarOf I think it is black. Amakaro, 
1 think it is sweet. 

Karo, ij^^, 5^, adv. Acrid, pungent, 

Karo-garoshu,-ki,-ku, ijv^vy^,1g^ 
® ^, Lightly, inconsiderately, heed- 
lessly, undignified light or trifling in 

KAROI,-Ki,j^P>i jg, Light, not heavy, 
same as Kami. 

tKAROJITE, ijy^^9, ^, adv. With 
much difficulty, hardly, barely. — deniy 
to get out with difficulty. 

KAKox-jij-cfe^^^-^a, .757p:^^a, @, t.v. 

Digiti'zed by 



KAS i 

KAS * 

To make light of, to despise, contemn, to 
esteem of little value, disregard, slight. 
Hokotte Kio wo karondzru koto nakare, 
must not arroq^antly despise others. Jjio- 
eld wo — to disregard life. 
8yn. XEI-BETSZ, naigashiko, anadoru. 

KAB0SHmE,-7'w,-^a, ^pJ^>;^, JjS) ^•«^- 
To make light of, despise, contemn, dis- 
regard, slight. HHo wo — . 

Karu, tP^^ ^? o.d\). same as Karvka. 

Kabu, -fj ;i^, see Kari. 

K ARUG ARUSHII, j] 1^ jfi^ *y A , same as Ka- 

KaRU-GAYUYE-NI, iJiVif:^JL=', Sfc> ^^^^ 
Therefore, .on this account, for this reason. 


Karu-hadzmi, -hA^/s^yXj IS JS» eye- 
less, heedless, reckless. — nn h^to^ a reck- 
less person. 

KaruI,-KI, ^/i-zf, IS, CL Light, not 
heavy, mean, low in sociiU position. Me- 
kata ga harui^ the wdght is light. Karui 
h'iOy {jei-son of low position. 

Karu-ISHI, 7^;U/|>^, ^ ;5? **• I'tinaice 
stone. Syn. fuseki. 

Karuko, ^;^3, 1^ H, w. A basket car- 
ried by coolies, a coolie, porter. 
Syn. NiNSOKO. 

Karuku, ij;^^,1^, adv. Light, see Kanti. 

Karu-kuchi, ijfi^^^yl^ U,n. Fluent 
in talking, voluble, flippant. 

KARUME,-7-M,-ia, 7t;;i^;>«;^, P, t^v. To 
make light, to lighten. Karumete yard, 
will lighten it. 

Karumeru, *;i'>>«;^, w. Calomel. 

KarU-NI, ijpr^j ^ ^, w. Ballast. 

Karusa, 7t;;Hf, ]^, n, Liglitness. 

Karushi, ■ht\^z/y @, a. Light, not heavy, 
low in social position. 

Karuta, iJJ^^y% M^^' Playing cards. 
— wo hiku, to play ciu'ds. 

Karu-WASA, 7^;i^y-f, J^SI' **• Acroba- 
tic feats. 

Kasa, ^-*^, ^, «. A broad rimmed hat, 
generally made of split bamboo. — wo 
kaburuy to put on a hat Kasa ikkaiy one 

Kasa, ij-^^ ^, n. An eruption on the 
skin, but now mostly used of syphilis. — 
wo hakoy to get syphilis. 

Kasa, ij^^ ^, w. An umbrella. — wo 
hirogem, to oi)en an umbrella. — mo sz- 
homerUy to shut an umbrella. — no hajiki 
gane, the spring of an umbrella, — mo 
hane^ the stays of an umbrella. — no ro- 
I'uro^ the ring into which the stays con- 
verge. — wo haniy to make an mnbrcUa. 

Kasa ippon, one umbrella. Hi-gasa^ a 

parasol, Saskigasa, umbrella. 
Kasa, *^^, ^, n. The wooden lid of a 

cup, or bowl. 
Kasa, <r•^^, ^, n. The nng round the sun, 

or moon in hazy weather. Tsdd ga — wo 

totta ame ga furu de aro, when the moon 

lias a ring around it, it will probably rain. 
Kasa, ^^^, ^, n. A heap, pile, or bulk 

made by laying one thing on another. 

— wa dorekodo arUy how high is the 
pile. Midz no kasa, the heap of waters. 
Kasa no nai monOy tilings of small bulk. 

Kasa, *-y-, ||^, w. The hull of some kinds 
of nuts. 

KASABARI,-?'?i,-^a, ij'^J'^fl^, ^^, t.r. 
To be large and bulky. Karuhde mo ha- 
sabatU iru kara seniai mkhi torarenuy they 
are light, but being bulky they cannot be 
carried through a narrow way. Kasaharu 
nimotsz wa funadzmi n% komaruy bulky 
goods are troublesome to stow in a ship. 

Kasa-bukuro, -h-^y^ V, ^ S> «• An 

Kasabuta, ij^y^y^yn. A scab. 

Kasadaka, fj-^r^ijy ^^, Bulky, occu- 
pying a large space, making a large pile. 

— ni naruy to be bulky. Mekata waideka 
naredomo — nite komaru^ the weight is 
small, but it is so bulky I am incon- 

KasAHARI, -h ^/\ 1) , ^ 5E» »• An um- 
brella maker. 

Kasa-KAKI, ij^Y-h^y Jg, 21 A? «• ^ 
person who has the sypliilis. 

KASAMl,-?ww,-7ida, ij-^J*^, ^, t. r. To 
accumulate, to increase. Shakkin ga nen- 
nen ni — , liis debts increased year by 

KASANARI,-n^,-^^a, ij -^-^fi^y 3!) ^^* To 
be piled up, heaped up by laying one 
on another, placed one on another, to in- 
crease in number by adding one to an- 
other. Hi ga kasanatU fuUmi as the days 
increjise in number it grows larger. OcU- 
la ga — , the falling leaves are piled on 
one another. 

KASANE,-rw,-^a, 7^^^^;^, ;8, t.v. To 
pile, or lay one thing on another. Te tw 
— , to lay one hand on another. Hon tro 
— , to pile books or lay one on another. 
Hiwokamnete joju szruy to take many 
days to complete anything. Kame wo ha- 
senete tsztszmu, wrap it in several sheets of 

Kasane, ij-^^y ^, «. A pile, consisting 
of two or three things of the same kind 
laid one on the other. Kosode JC(o — , 

Digitized by 


KAS * 

KAS ij 


a pair of garments, (outside and in- 

KASANB-AGB,-rt«,-^a, -h ^^^ r y/^, fi±, 
i.v. To pile up by placing one on another. 

Kasane-gasanb, -h-^^^if-^^y'^^jodv. 
Over and over, repeatedly, many times, 
often. Syn. tabi-tabi, sai-sai, shiba- 


KaSANKTB, ij'^=i'9^'§Ly ^f^' Again. — 
agari-masho^ I will come again. — hum 
ni wa oyohanuy it is unnecessary to come 

KasaSAGI, 7^^^-^^^, §1,71. A kind of bird. 

Ease, ^ -it , ;^, n. Shackles, fetters. Te- 
kase^ handcuffs. Kitlnkase^ the cangue, 
yoke. Ashi'kasey fetters, stocks. 

Kase, ij4ty ^^y n. A reel. Jto h*to hase^ 
a hank, or skein of yarn. Ito wo — ni 
iakeru, to reel thread into a skein. 

KASB,-r«,-<a,:i5f -k/u, i.v. To form a scab, 
to scab. Hozo ga kaseta^ tho pock has 

KASEGi,-yw,-tda, Ttf-t^, |gj '•«?• To do 
or work with diligence, industry or zeal. 
Kagigo tco — , to work diligently at one's 
business. Kasegu ni oiUzkn himbo nashiy 
poverty cannot overtake diligence. 


Kaski, ^-t/f , JP ^, (hewayeru hei), 7i, 
Auxiliary troops, reinforcement, joining 
an army. — szm* to unite forces, to join 
an army, to rebforce, to help, second. 

tKASEl, ;«? * 4 , ^ igfe, Tyranical govern- 

jKashaku, ir5^-V^, PjJ^, (shikari Be- 
meru). Punishment, torture, torment, 
(Bud). Zainin wo — szru^ to punish a 

Kashi, ij J/, :g. w. The oak. 

Kashi, i) ^, ]\\ ^, n. Kiver bank. 

Sp. K18HI. 

Kashi, jj^y, An exclam. used at the 
end of a sentence of exhortation, entreaty 
or request, = that, I pray that, I hope 
that, request that. Sono mi wo tsztszsliimi, 
ayogo ni Jco^o shi-tamage kashi, I beseech 
you to be watchfnl of yourselves, and be 
obedient to your parents. As an ex- 
pletive, perhaps giving emphasis to the 
preceding sentiment, ns, Sa mo ari-ken 
kashi, I think it is so. 

KASHi,-5z,-«A'^a, iJ^,% f.v. To lend, 
to rent. JCash^teokure, lend me. Kane wo 
kasKte ri wo torn, to lend money on in- 
terest. Ige wo — , to rent a house. Choito 
mimi wo kashHe kudasare, please listen to 
me a monnent. Syn. yodateru. 

tKA-SHl,-S2r2(,-sA7a, ij % ;U, ig, tx. To 
marry a husband, to go as a bride to her 
husbands house. 


||KASHl,--5«,-5/i'<a, 5^ -X , \\^^ t.v. To soak 
in water before boiling. Kome wo kasz. 
Syn. HiTAsz. 

Kashibata, ijl/^^9j ]\\ J^ Jg, w. River- 

tKASHIDZKI,-KU,-lTA, ijl/^^y t.v, To^ 
attend, wait on, to take care of, to nurse, 
to bring up, to treat respectfully. 
Syn. MORI wo szrd. 

K ASHIDZKI, -h J^y *, !»• A nurse, waiting 
maid, attendant, a servant. — r«, the 

KA8HlGl,-gr«,-irfa, -hl^y^ <g, nr. To in- 
cline, lean to one side, to careen. Ftme ga 
— , the boat careens over. 

tKA8HlKAMASHII,-KI,-KU,-U, jjt/ij^i/ 
^, ^, Loud and noisy, deafening, stun- 
ning. Tal'i no oto wa mimi ni kashikama- 
sMu todoroki-hihiku. 


Kashikata, ij'y^9y^ij,n. A lender, 
creditor. Syn. kasui-nUsiii. 

tKASHlKl,-/jM,-i7cr, ^^'iJ', »J^, <. i. To 
cook rice. — meshi wo — . 
Syn. TAKU. 

Kash'ko, ijl/n^ fitiS, «<^«^- There, yon- 
der, that place. Koko kasKkoy here and 
there. Syn. anata, aszko, acuira. 

KaSH'K0I,-KI,-KU,-O,-SA, i3l^::iAy g, 
Feeling awe, dread, or fear ; intelligent, 
clever* sagacious. Kaso^kohi mo moshi 
idashij have said it though feeling great 
awe. KasKkoi h'tOy a clever man. 
vSyn. bik5, uat^zmei. 

KASH'KOMARI,-?-W,-^a, iji^^^-^A^, ;g, 
f. r. To sit in the Japanese mode, respe(*t- 
fully and humbly to consider, or 
obedience to what one is told to do. 0»e- 
kudasare soro omomnki kasKkomari tate- 
matszrisoro, I will most respectfully obey 
your instructions. . 

tKASH'KOMi, ^ 5/3 > , g, (KasKhosa ni.) 
With awe, dread, or profound veneration. 
KasKkovii-kasKkomi mo haruka ni ogami- 
tatematszni, worship afar off with awe. 

Kashiku, ij'y^,^, The closing word of 
a letter, meaning respectfully. 

tKASHlMin5Hll,-KI,-KU,-U,-SA, iji^-r^-y 
^j ffij Loud and noisy, boisterous, tu- 
multuous. Syn. YAKAMASHII. 

Ka-SHIN, ijt^yy ^&,n. Retainer, serf. 

Kasuira, 7^^^, gg, It. The head, the 

Digitized by 



KAS * 

KAT * 

chief, headman. — no h'to, the headman* 
Uma no — , the head of a horse. 

8yn. ATAMA. 

Kashiwa, 7tr5^/\,;ff3, n. A kind of oak. — 

7ii neru^ to sleep with the under quilt fold- 
ed over for a covering. 
Kashiwade, i3'y^\ry ^ ^, n. Clapping 

the hands together when prajing. — wo 

ufte ogamu. 
.Kashiwa-mochi, *^>»^^-^, :ff3||f|, w. 

A kind of rice food boiled in the leaves of 

the E^ashiwa. 
tKA-SHOKU, ij-y^^, 5ic m, ^ Family 

business, occupation, calling. 

Syn. kagiyO, shObai, shoktj-bun. 
Ka-So, ij"^^, ^^, n. The form, or 

position of a house, in respect of its being 

lucky or unlucky. 
Kassen, 7^ 5^* ^, >^ K, n, A battle. — • 

5rrw, to fight a battle. Kassemba, the place 

where a battle is fought. 
K ASSZl, ;ty 5^ -X /f , ?i. Dry, deficient in water, 

as, a river, paddy-field^ &c. — defitne ga 

Kasz, ii^^ ^, gee Kashi.. 
Kasz, ;ty ;», J^, n. Dregs, sediment, 

grounds, lees, settlings, residuum. 
Kasz-DZKE, iJ^^^r,^^, n. Pickled 

in sake lees. 
Kaszgai, ij ^if\L, 1^, n. An iron clamp. 
Kaszge, ij ^y^ fj ^, n. An iron grey 

tKA-SZl, ^ ^ /f , iij ;^, (kawa no midzj 

n. River water. 
KaSZKA-naru, T&^TSr-h/U, ^, a. Faint, 

indistinct, dim, obscure. — kogey a faint 

KasZKA-NI, if^ijr.,^, adv. Slightly, 

faintly, indistinctly, obscurely, dimly. Fu- 

ye no ne kaszka-ni hikoyerti^ the sound of 

the flute was faintly heard. — miyeru 

dimly seen. 
KASZME,-r?«,-^a, ^;^;>i;u, JJt, tv. To 

rob, tttke by force, to seize; to make hazy. 

Shu-jin no mono wo — , to rob one's 

master. IPto no me Ito — , to rob a person 

secretly. Kuni wo — , to take possession 

of a country. Kuro kemuri tenchi wo — , 

the black smoke made the sky and earth 


Syn. UBAr, nuszmc. 
KASZMi,-;>2M,-wrfa, ^-x/*, ^, or ^, 

f . r. A o be hazy, dim, clouded. Sora ga 

— , the weather is hazy. Me ga — eyes 

are hazy, dim. 
Kaszmi, ij^X,^,n. Haze, mist, ffani- 

gaszmi, the spring-haee. — ga tatiahikii. 

Kaszmi- WATARi, - ru,-Ua, ij^W^fi^, 

tKABZMO, *-^^, ^ SEj «• Freckles on 
the face. Syn. sobakasz. 

KA8ZRE,-7-w,-^a, ijT^yyf^^ }g, t. r. To be 
unevenly colored, having spots where the 
ink*or color has left no mark. Ji ga kasz- 
reta, the character is written so that in 
places the ink has made no trace. 

KA8ZRi,-rw,-<^a, ij^A^, t.v. To graze, 
to wound slightly in passsing, to fling an 
indirect sarcasm at another. Ki wo huzHe 
tartly to graze a tree in passing. Kaszri' 
IcidZy a slight wound, made by the grazing 
of a ball, arrow, &c. 

Kaszri, ij^\} y n. Money taken as per- 
cen tage, or commission, or cabbage, squeeze 
money, black mail. — wo ioni, to levy 
black mail, to squeeze. Kashira ga nin- 
soku no atama wo hatte — wo iortL, the 
coolie master levies a small squeeze on 
each of the coolies. Syn. dwamaye. 

KLaszterA, if ^9^ 9 n. Castile in Spain, 
also, sponge-cake. 

Kata, iJ^y'^yn. The shoulder. KaU 
wo haruy to shrug the shoulders. KaU 
wo nukuy to get out of a bad scrape. — 
wo naraheru niono wa naiy has no equal. 

Kata, i)^y')jy (hd)y n. Side, part, re- 
fjion, party, person, mark, trace. Jtfigi, 
hidaHy hitay minami nado no too, the 
right or left side, northern or southern re- 
gion. Ano o lataj that person. Anaia- 
gata, you, (plural). ItasKkatay or sM-kaia 

fa fiat, there is no resourse, no help. Ski- 
Ota ga warm\ what he does is bad. Ki- 
yo-ro katcy the commissariat department. 
OdzUz hafa, the artillery. Mi kata. TM- 
kata. Yuki-gata shtradz^ don't know where 
he has gone. YorokoM ICto — naradz, was 
greatly rejoiced. — ga ts^u, to be de- 
cided, settled. — wo tszkerUy to fix on, 
or decide on the way of doing. 

Kata, ^ ^ , ^, w. A mould, matricc. J^, 
pattern form, figure, shape, copy, model. 
L/iono no — , the mould for castings. So- 
me mono no — , the pattern of any dyed 
article. — wo tstkern, to adorn with fi- 
gures. Kono — wo totte koshirayeru, make 
it after this pattern. 

Kata, ij^y f^y **• 0°^ ^^ * pair, used 
mostly in compound words. 

EIata, ij ^ , 'g^, n. A pledge, pawn. — 
niadzke-okuy to give as* a pledge. 
Syn. niKi-ATE. 

Kata-AGE, ;5r^ry, ]J ±, Tuckinfftbc 
sleeve at the shoulder, — as in childhood 
to allow for growing. — no kimono. 

Digitized by 


KAT * 

KAT ij 


Kata-ashi, ^^r^, Jr >E> «• ^»® l^g- 

— de tats%y to stand on one leg. 

Kata-ATB, ijifTf, M Hj^' a shoul- 
der pad. 

Kata-bami, ij^^^l, 1$ gg, n. Sheep's 

Kata-bIki, iJ^\^^^, JrikM^^' ^^■ 
Toritism, partialitj, preference of one over 
another. — wo szruy to be partial, to 
favor one side. Syn. yeko. 
Kata-BINGI, iJifyy^,^^^, n. Com- 
munication only in one direction, — having 
no return. — de am-pi ga sMrenu, as there 
18 only an opportunity for sending a letter 
and none for receiving, I don't know how 
they are. Syn. katadayori. 

Katabiba, 7^^ t'^, tl -^, n. A very 
thin kind of sommer garment. 

KATABUKB,-r-w-to, ji^r'/f^, <ft, See 
Kotamuke^ tu. 

Katabuke,-Aw, 5?r^r>5r, See KatamM, 

Katachi, ^^-f, ^, n. Figure, form, 
shape, likeness. Jl'to no — , form of a 
man. Kami wa — no nai mono^ God is 
without shape. Kage mo — mo nai koto 
wo iuj to say what has neither shadow or 
substance — a lie. — wo tstkurui to adorn 
the person. Syn. szqata, nari. 

Kata-chimba. ij^^ y,^, J^ ^, n. Lame 
in one leg. Syn. bikkO. 

Kata-dayori, ij ^ ^3 \), y^ g, w. 
Same as KataMngi. 

KATADORl,-rt<,-^^a, *^ K;^, fg, ^r. To 
make in the likeness of, to imitate, resem- 
ble. Fuji-mn wo hotadotte yama wo tszku- 
fu, to make a mountain in imitation of Fu- 
ji-yama. HUo no na wo hotadotte tszkeru, 
to name after another person. 


tKATADORi,-rt^,-^^a, ^^K/t-, ^ M, 
t.v. To place near to for defence, or sup- 
port, to rest against. Yama wo hotadotte 
jin wo torti, resting the flank of the army 
against a hill to put it in order of battle. 
Syn. niKAYERU. 

Katadz, *^^, ;p JgS, neg. of Kachi.tsz. 

Katadz, ijf^y^ ^ '^, n. Spittle, saliva, 
used only in the phrase, Katadz wo no- 
mUy to swallow the spittle, a fig. expression 
for anxiety, or solicitude, with attention. 

KATADZKE,-rw,-^a, ij^^/^ji^ >{i P^,jf.r. 
To lay to one side; put away, set away, 
fig. to place a daughter in the house of a 
husband. Tori midaretaru mono wo hato- 
d^te ohii, to collect and put away things 

that are laying about in confusion. Shigo- 
to wo — , to do up or finish one's work. 
Muszme wo — , to marry off a daughter. 
Katadzki,-ku,-ita, * f y ^ , >r f#, « r. 
Put away, set aside ; finished, done ; mar- 
ried off. 
KATADZMI,-frtM,-7lrfa, ^^^^-^ ^, i.V. 
To incline to one side, biased, prejudiced, 
warped; rustic. 
KATADZRl,-7'Z*,-^/a, ?tf^^;u, ^ ^, 
Lopsided, heavier on one side than the 
Kata-G ATA, ij^if^,^, Doing anything 
by the way, or whilst attending to the 
principal matter to take the opportunity 
to do something else; whilst, besides. 
Saiirhei hcUa-gata Kamahuro ye yukuy 
whilst going to the temple to worship to 
take the opportunity of visiting Kama- 
kura. Kai-mono hotagata asobi ni yithu^ 
whilst going out to make some purchases 
to take a walk. Syn. oatera, naoara. 
Katagata, ij^if^, if iij Plur. of 
Kata^ persons. Hanayahonaru on hotagata. 
KATAGE,-?'7i,-<a, 7&^y;^, H, t,v. To lay, 
or carry on the shoulder. (^) To incline, 
turn on the side, careen. Chowan wo hala- 
gereho midz ga koborerUy if you incline the 
cup the water will spill, -^t wo — , to 
carry a burden on the shoulder. 
Syn. KATSZGU, katamukeuu. 
Katagi, ij^^,^9 n. Hard wood, espe- 
cially oak. 
Kataginu, ij^^J^,M ^^ ^^- That part 
of the dress of ceremony worn on the 
Kata-hashi, -h^/s-y^ >r SS» **• 0"^ 
edge, one side. Michi no — yotte arukUf 
to walk along one side of a road. 
Kata-HUI, ij^ h^, )r ^y^' One elbow. 
Katai,-K1,-SH1, ij^Ay M, <^' Hard, 
solid, compact, firm, tight, close, strict, 
moral, severe, (|^) hard to do, difficult. 
Katai Jb/, hard wood. Ishi ga — , a stone 
is hard. — Kto, a moral man. Dehi-gatai^ 
hard to do. Katai koto da^ a difficult 
thing. Ji'shi-gaiaiy hard to cure. 
Katai, 7&^#, ^ :^, w. A beggar. 

Syn. m-NiN, KO.)iKi. 
Kata-UI, -h^A^', li :S Jt, w. Obs- 
tinate, stubborn, churlish. — na hHo. — 
wo haru, Syn. uen-kutsz. 
Kata-IKI, ^^A^^ ^ ,g,, Gasping for 
breath, out of breath. Ino wo tataite — 
ni sh'tGy the dog has been beaten and lies 
gasping. — ni natte kaJieta hitaj came 
running out of breath. 

Digitized by 



KAT * 

KAT ij 

Kata-inaka, ij^f^-fif, Jt}i pa ^, n. 
Eemote country, far away inland. 
Syn. HEM-pr. 

Kataippo, or Katappo, ij ^ 4 ^-'^e^, 
)y — ' "fi, One of a pair, one side. Te 
ga — h'kanai, one of my hands is useless. 
Zort ga — migenuj one of my sandals is 
lost Mkhi no — , one side of a road. — 
no ashi, one foot. 

Kata-ji, ^^I', S JI, n. Hard ground, 
hard or solid in texture. 

Katajikenai,-ki,-ku,-o, -h^-^^-^Aj 
J§, Thankful, much obliged, — in acknow- 
ledgment of a favor. KcUaJikenaku zonji- 
tatematszrt soro, or katajiheno gozaimaszy I 
am obliged to you. Kore wa kcUajikenaiy 
I am obliged to you for this. 


Kata-kana, *^7tf-^, Jr^igj ^ A 
kind of Japanese character, — the sharp 
contracted form such as are here used. 

KatA'KATA, ij^ijSfyJxif, One of a 

pair, op.e side. Zort — naku-natta, have 

lost one of my sandals. 
Kata-katta, ^^ij^^, Coll. for Kata- 

kuatta, was hard or difficult. 
Kata-KAWA, it ^ ij^s, )^ ^J, n. One side, 

Michi no — , side of the road. Michi no 

— ni mise ga an(, there are shops on one 
side of the street. 

Kataki, ^^ 4r, jSij w. Enemy, adversary, 
foe. — wo utsz, to kill an enemy. — wo 
torn (idem.) Syn. Ada, Ti-Kr, auk. . 

Kataki-UCHI, t!? ^ ^f ♦ f , fti ft, n. Slay- 
ing an enemy in revenge. 

Kata-KOTO, Ttf ^ 3 h , -fi "g", w. Pro- 
vincialism, or vulgar pronunciation. 

Kataku, ^^^, g, adv. Hard, rigid, 
solid, compact, firm, tight, strict, moral, 
severe, difficult. — szru, to harden, &c. 

— indshi-tszkeniy to rigidly command. 

— mamoruj to keep strictly. Mtc/ti tco 
immoru koto — nai^ it is not difficult to 
do right. — shiboru, to tie tightly. 

Kataku-NA, ij^^-^y p^, Obstinate, 
stubborn, head-strong. Syn. nENKursz. 

Kata-kurushii,-ki,-ku,-u, ij^^)V*y 
^ ) 1^ ^ > Painfully strict in manner, 
rigid or severe in temper, severely ex- 

KATAMArtl,-n(,-f^rr, ij^-^;Uy @, t.?7. To 
become hardened, solidified, coagulated, 
condensed, (fig.) to be obdurate, confirm- 
ed in, fixe<l ill. obstinately bent on, bigot- 
ed. Tszchiy c/rt\ chi-chiy nori nado ga — , 
earth, blood, milk and pa.ste become hard. 
Buppoiii — , bigoted in Buddhism. Gaht,- 

mon ni kon-katamaru, engrossed in study. 
Syn. KOKU, suU-JAKCJ. 

Katamari, ^^-r i; , ^, n. a hard lump. 
Tszcki no — , a clod of earth. Bara m — 
aruj has a tumor in the abdomen. Cki no 
— , a clot of blood. 

tKATAMASHll,-Kl,-KU,-U, ij ^ -r y 4 , 
5^, Depraved, abandoned, unprincipled. 
Syn. YOKosniMA, kan-ja. 

KATAME,-rw,-^a, •h^>^)Vy 0, t v. To 
harden, to make solid, strong, firm, or se- 
cure, to strengthen, to defend, to guard, 
to congeal, solidify. Maim no go tco lata- 
mete tdfu ni $zni. Shiro wo — y to fortify 
a castle with troops. 

Katame, ij^;^y ifyy n. Promise, agree- 
ment, word of honor, pledge, vow. 
Syn. yak'soku. 

Katame, ij^;^, @, n. A guard. 
Syn. KEr-oo. 

Katame, ij^/, \r^9 One eye. — de 
teppo wo tamerUj to level a gun with cue 
eye. — de miruy to look with one eye. 

tKATAMl, ij^ly g, n, A basket 
Syn. KAGO. 

Katami, -h^Xy IB it^> '^^ A memento, or 
present made to a friend on taking a jour- 
ney, or dying. — wo yarn* — wo ohu — 
wo nokosz. 
Syn. YUi-MOTSZ, yUdzri-.moxo. 

tKATAMl-NJ, ^^5=, ^ g, ado. To- 
gether, mutually. — sode wo sJdboritizUzy 
whilst they both were wringing their 
sleeves. Syn. taoai-xi, ai-tomo-xi. 

Katami, ij^l.i^ ^yn. One side of the 
body, half of the body. — ga shiUrtru^ 
one side is paralized. 

Kata-MI, *^ ^ , )J Jg', n. Shoulders and 
body, (fig.) of one's bearing, carriage, as. 

— gaseviai, to appear abashed, sheepish. 

— gahiroi, to be bold, manl}*. 
Kata-michi, 75; ^ ^ f , Jr S&, One way, of 

either' going or returning. — kaelndeyii- 
kiy — fune de kagei-u, to go on foot and 
return by ship. 

KATAMDKE,-r?(,-;a, ij ^ J>^ ^ fi^ , ^, tr- 
To incline, to bend to the side, to make 
• lean over, to overthrow, subvert. Ataata 
wo. — , to incline the head. Kuniwo—y 
to ruin a country. Sake wo — , to drink 
wine. Kokoro wo — , to feel inclined to. 

KATAMUKl,-/»:?^,-/fa, ij^i>^^y <S, »-^''^® 
be inclined, bent over, to lean over, io 
careen, to decline. ILi ga — , the sun is 
declining. Aku ni — r, inclined to evil. 
Kuni ga — , the country is tcnduig to 

K AT AN A, ^^-^, TJj w- A sword, knife. 

Digitized by 


KAT ij 

KAT jj 


K(hgatanaj a small knife, penknife. — wo 
mszy to wear a sword. — wo nukuy to 
draw a sword. — wo $aya ni osameru, to 
put a sword into the scabbard. — wo tUsz^ 
to forge a sword. — wo iogu, to sharpen a 
sword. — wo hoshirayeru^ to fit out a 
sword. — no ha, the edge of a sword. — 
no munej the bacl< of a sword. — no mi, 
the blade of a sword. — no kisald, the 
point of a sword. — notszka, the hilt of a 
sword. — no tszha, the guard of sword. — 
no sayoy the scabbard of a sword. — ni 
kony two swords. 

Katana-kake, *^-^*»,JfU5, n. A 

KatANA-KIDZ, *^-^#^/, Jf 'Jg, n. A 

Katana-togi, ^^-^^^, 7J j5[f, n. a 

sword sharpener. 

tKATA-NO-GOTOKI,-KU,-SHI, ij^ ^:^y, 
^} iB 5^5 odv. According to the pattern, 
example, or usage. Syn. rki no tOki. 
. tKA-TAN,-sziiu, ij^ y, ^^ ^, To take 
part with, to side with, to confederate 
with, to join, help. Karera ni hatan itaaz- 
hehi szji wa gozonaku soro, Syn. satan. 

IKATANUGI,-(7t/,-2da, ijSi:^^, ffi, i.v. 
To bear the shoulder. Syn. hadancgu. 

|Kata-0CH1, -h^^^, fg 85, w. One side 
or party unjustly blamed through partial- 
ity for the other. — ni nam. — ni szru. 

Kata-OMOI, -h^i^^lL, )r B, n. One 
sided) love* on one side, and not recipro- 
cated. Iso no awabi no — -. 

Kata-omote, ij^:Jt^r, ^ H, (/idfn- 
men,) n. One face, or surface, of any 
thing that has two ; half the face. 

Kata-OYA, ij^:^\, )^^, n. One pa- 
rent, the other being dead. 

Katappira, ij^^^^^ y^ 2p,n. One 
side, surface, or page. 

Katarai,-5 ,-a^a, 7&^f 7, ^ >§*, «. v. 
To converse together, to consult together; 
to talk with in order to gain over. 


K ATARAX, ij^y \:.j^^jn. Conversation, 

KATARl,~rw,-^^a, ^^;i^, |g, t v. To 
talk, tell, to sing in a recitative manner, 
tckchant Mukashi wo — , to talk about old 
tunes. Joruri wo — , to sing an operatic 
sonnf. Syn. iianasz, dan-dzru. 

KATARl,-rw,-^<a, ij^)V, ^, t V, To im- 
pose on by false representations, to dupe, 
to say fraudulently, to defraud, IT to wo 
I'cdaite hane wo (one, to impose upon a 
person and get his money. Jfio no mimaye 
wo — , to assume the name of another, (in 

order to defraud.) Syn. itszwaru, da- 


Katari, tJ^ ^ V J S> ^- False representa- 
tion, imposition, traud. — wo szru. 

K ATARI-MONO, *^M/,||^, n. An 
impostor, swindler, knave 

Kata-sagari, t^^if^y^^.n. The 
slope of one side of a hill; hanging down 
on one side. 

tKATASHlKI,-7c2^, T&^J^:^, )r ifc» <•«''• To 
spread out one side of a garment, or sleeve. 
Koromo katashihi Kiori ka mo nen. 

KATA8HlME,-rM,-^a, ij^z/;^}V^ ^ IP, 
caust. of Kachu To make to conquer. 

IKatashiro, i3^l/Vy P, n. An effigy, 
image, or likeness. — wo koshirayeruy to 
make an ef^gy* Syn. h*to-gata. 

Kata-SZMI, iu^J^ly fg f^, w. One 
comer, or angle. — ye yortiy gathered into 
one comer. 

Kata-TE, Ttf i' r, ^ ^, «. One hand. — 
ni motszy to carry in one hand. 

Kata-TOKI, 7^^ f ^r, >r fl#, (hen M.) 
Short time, little while.. — mo waszrenaiy 
did not forget it even for a little while. 

KatatszmURI,^ ^ ^-^ V ,iS^, n. A snail. 
Syn. DEDEMUsni, MAiMAixszeoia. 

Katawa, ij ^ ^\y ^ Sm, n. Maimed, 
crippled, deformed, not sound in body. 
Syn. rcGU, 

Katawara, ij ^ j\y, j§,n. Side. Mi- 
chi no — , side of the road. — ni, by the 
way, besides. Syn. waki. 

Kata-WARE, ^ ^ 7 1/, fHit, n Divided 
into halves, half of any whole thing, as an 
orange, &c. — dzki, half moon. So dan — 
ga shHa^ the council was equally divided. 

Kataye, ^ ^ ^j ^, n. Side. Michi no 
— , side of the road. — ni oru h^toy the 
person at one*s side. Syn. katawaua. 

KATAY0Rl,-7'«,-^^Cr, ij^BfU, ^, M?. To 

go to one side, incline or lean to one 
side, biased, partial. 

Katayuki, ij^^^, M ft> w- The meas- 
ure of a coat from the central seam on 
the back to the end of the sleeve. 

Katazaru, ^>?-^>, 7{i If, neg. of Ea- 

Katchiu, ■h'^^^,^ ^, (yoroi hahuto,) 
n. Helmet and coat of mail, araior. 
Syn. GU-soKt:. 

Kate, ^r, ^^, w. Provisions, food. — 
wo tszmu, to store up provision. — ni tsz' 
maru, straitened for provisions. 
Syn. siioKURiYd, 

KATE,-rw.,-fa, ijTJ^, 51, pot mood, of 
Kachi> Can conquer, overcome. 

Digitized by 



KAT ij 

KAW ft 

KatBBA, jj ^^^y sub. mood, of Kachi. 

Katenu, ;5F^-5f, ^ rT JI^> neg- potent, of 
Kachu Tizyoi Icara — . 

Kat5, ;tr ^ ♦, See KaXau 

Katodo, *^^K,;^A> ^- A second, 
abettor, confederate, partisan. 
Syn. katan-niv. 

Ka-TOKU, i^\^y ^^9 w. Inheritance, 
heritage, estate, patrimony. — no shisohu^ 
the heir of an estate. — szruy to inherit, 
sncceed to an inheritcnce. — wo Uzgu^ 
(idem). — wo yudzru^ to cede, or transfer 
an estate to the heir, and retire into 

Katsz, 7^5^,11, See Kachi. 

Katsz, ij 5^, \%y n, A mallet, or pestle 
for poimding in a large wooden mortar. 
Syn. KiNE. 

Katsz, fj^^y |g, «. Thirst. — ga aru^ is 
thirsty. — ni semaru, tortured with thirst. 
Syn. KAWAKi. 

Katsz, * 5^, JL, adv. Moreover, besides, 
furthermore, again. KaUz iatakai katsz 
shirizokuy now fighting then retreating. 
Katsz odorohi kcUsz kandzruy one while 
alarmed, and then wondering. Katsz wa 
yorokohi sorOf besides I am rejoiced. 


KATSZGARE,-rw,-^a, ij^ir\y;Uy Vasa.of 

Katszgu. To be carried on the shoulder, 

to be made a fool of, hoaxed. 
KATSZGASE,-rw,-^a, ^5^;&'*;i', Caust. of 

KatszgUy to make or let carry on the 

KATSZGi,-(7w,-2cfa, * 5^/, Hf, t V. To 

carry on the shoulder (as coolies do), to 

befool, hoax. Nimotsz wo — , to carry 

goods, HHo wo hatszide yatta, to hoax a 

person. Syn. ninau. 
Katszgi, Hj^;^^, n. (an abbreviation of 

Gohei katszji), Superstitious. 
Katszgi, ij^^^^n, A hawker. 
Katszgi, Hj ^^^ n. A veil worn by women. 
KatSZ-MATA, ij y-r^, ^ X, «rft7. Again, 

besides, moreover, also, (at the beginning 

of a sentence.) 
KatSZ-MEI, > 5^P» ^ , S A^, (Wiye jinx) 

n. Death from thirst, or starvation. — ni 

Kats'o, ij^^yf^n. A kind of fish. 
tKATS'OBUSHI, ii V ^rt/y gg fif , n. 

Smoked hxUzo. 
Katszra, tI? y^. See Kadzra. 
Katszra-otoko, ij^^^^\ziy l^^y n. 

The man in the moon. 
Katszte, ^ ^'r, If, adv. (of past time,) 

Before, previously, formerly, once. — 

Icayo m omoi-dashi mosMsoro, I thought 
so before. Katszte nashi never (of time 
previous). — shiranu toio, a thing before 
unknown. Syn. kanetb, mayb-do, hgto. 

KATSZYAKASHl,-5«,-5A'^a, fj '^ ^ ij ^. y 
Caust. of Katszyeru. To starve, cause to 

KATSZYE,-ri*,-fa, * ^^aiA-, ^ ft» «-«^- To 
starve, to suflFer for want cf food, to be 
hungry. Mtdsz ni — , to perish with 
thirst. Tahe-mono ni — , starving for 
want of food. Katszye-jiniy starved to 
death. Onna ni — , hungry after women. 
Syn. wiYERU. 

KattA, ij^^y 'Prei. of Kachiy Jg. 

KattA, 7& i)^^ Pret of Kai, an, Ua, g. 

Kattai, "h^^Ay-^^y n. The leprosy. 
Syn. RAi-BiYd. 

Katte, :^ '7f j Gerund, oi Kachiy J|p, and 
Kaiy %, 

Katte, ii l^fy JH ^, n. Convenience, 
agreeable. Jihun no — shidaiy at your 
own convenience. — no i yo-ni nasare, do 
whatever will suit you best. Go — ^ 
yot, you have every thing very convenient. 


Katte, ^ y f , IjS ^, w. A kitchen. — 
yucki, kitchen-door. Syn. daidokoro. 

Kau, 7t?7, g, See^tft, 

Kawa, ^/\, fl(, n. Side, row. Michi no 
riyo kawa, both sides of a road. Ifiyi 
kawa, right side. Kiltuyaway north-side 
(of a street.) Tszwamono futa kawa m 
narahu, solders arranged in two rows. 
Syn. KATA. 

Kawa, :^ /\, J^, w. Skin, peel, rind, 
bark, leather, hide. Kino — , the bark of 
a tree. Tszra no — no atszi yatsz, an im- 
pudent fellow. Mikan no — , orange peel. 
— wo nuku, to skin, to peel. 

Kawa, -h/Sy Jlj, n. A river. — no na- 
gave, the current of a river. — no hatOy 
the bank of a river. — nofuchiy an eddy 
or deep place in a river. 

Kawa-bakama, i3/\^XiJ^y jfe If , «• 

Kawa-baori, ij^\^^^^y Jfe j^ IK, w. 
Leather or for coat. 

Kawa-BATA, iu/\^^^y }\\ jjg, n. River- 
bank. Syn. KASHI. 

Kawabe, t&^n-:, Jll j|§, n. River-bank. 

Kawa-bo, fj^\^'^^, ^yi^yH, A leather 
dresser, Yeta, 

Kawa-bukuro, *>»n/^p, jfe S> ^ 
A leather-bag. 

Kawadz, ij^\^/y Hy 71. A frog- 


Digitized by 


KAW fj 

KAY fj 


Kawa-dzkin, ij^s^/^y, J& ® r|l, n. 

Kawa funb, */\7^, JIIlS, «. A riv- 

Kawa-oari, ij/\if\)j }]\ ^, n. Fishing 
in a river. 

Kawa-gishi, ij^^y^ )\\ j^, n. Bank of 
a river. 

Kawago, 75r/s^, jStfl, «. A box, or 
tnmk made of bamboo, or of leather 

Kawa-goromo, ij/\:^v^, ^, n. Fur or 
leather coat. 

Kawaguchi, *>»N^f , )\\ Uy n. The 
mouth of a river. 

Kawa-gutsz, ib^/i^, $fft, w. Leather 

Kawai, tJ^ 7>r , rT ^, See Kaai. 

Kawairashu, if 7 4 "^'^4, See K(Hiira$hi. 

Ka WAlSo, ij^A-^^j See Ka-aiso. 

Kawa-kaburi, *>\;tr/V , i? S, 71. Phi- 

Kawa-kami, ;tr/N7iy > , Jfll J:, Up the ri- 
ver, upper part of the river. — ni nohoru, 
to go up the river. 

KAWAKASHI,-5Z,-fi/i'^a, ij^sij^^, ]K, tv. 
To dry, to exsiccate, desiccate. Kimono 
wo — ^ to dry clothes. 

Kawaki,— iM,-zYa, tS^^n^, |^, f .r. To be 
dry, arid. j§, thirsty. Kawate midz too 
nomitaqarv, thirsty and wishing to drink. 

Kawa-OSO, -k/N i- y , iij ^g, w. An otter. 

Kawara, tJt-'n.^, %, w. A tile. — tro 
fdtu, to roof with tiles. 

Kawara, ij/\^, )\\ J5^, w. That part of 
the stony bed of a river which is dry, ex- 
cept in high water. 

KawaRA-BUKI, iir\^t^i %, My »• 
Roofed with tiles. 

Kawara-gama, ij^^^-Tj %My^' ^ 
tile kiln. 

Kawarake, ij^^^, ±^,n, A wine 
cup of un glazed earthenware. 

KAWARASE,-?-t^,-fa, iJ^s-^^fl^, ^ f^, 
(canst, of Kawani), To change, to put 
one in the place of another, to exchange, 
to substitute. Ban-nin wo — , to change 
a guard. 

Kawarashi, ij^s^i/, % g5, n. A tile- 

Kawaraya, ^>^f ^, % Mj w. a shop 
where tiles are sold. . 

KaWARA-YANE, ;&/n^^^, % M ^K, 
n, A tile roof. 

KAWARi,-rw,-^a, ijj\)\^, f^, or g|, uv. 
Changed, exchanged, substituted; one 
thing put in the place of another ; altered, 

transformed into something else; new, 
strange. Iro ga — , the color is changed. 
Ban ga — , the watch is changed. Yedo 
ni hawatta koto arimasz Jca^ is there any- 
thing new in Yedo ? Ko ga chi-chi ni ha- 
watte ts^smi-serarerUj the son was executed 
in the place of the father. Kase ga ha- 
wattay the wind has changed. Kokoro-ga- 
wari 8zru, to change one's mind. 
Kawari, Hj^^yi^, n. A substitute, in 
the place of, instead of. ITto no — ni 
tatszy to stand as a substitute for another. 

— no Kto^ a substitute. Sake no — ni 
cha wo nomu to drink tea instead of wine. 
Syn. DAI. 

Kawaru-GAWARU, ij/\)Vif^)U, g, adv. 
By turns, alternately. — han wo szrUy to 
watch turn about. Syn. komo-gomo, ta- 


Kawase, ^^'N-t ,® #, n. Exchange, 
Drawing money on a note, drawing a bill 
of exchange. — tegala, a bill of exchange. 

— kata, a banker, exchanger. — wo szru, 
to draw a bill of exchange, — wo kumu, 

Kawase, -h^^, )\\Mj^ The rapids of 
a river, a swift current. 

Kawasemi, -fe^N-k 5 , H $, ». A king, 
fisher. Syn. hi-szi, soni. 

KAWASHi,-sz,-s/i'^a, i^^^y^y t.v. To 
exchange, to give and receive reciprocally, 
to shift one's place. Kotoha wo — , to ex- 
change words, to promise. Mi wo — ^ to 
to turn one's self, to dodge. 

Kawa-shimo, ij^si/^y ]\\ f , n. Down 
the river, the lower part of the river. 

Kawa-shiri, ij^\iy\)y }\\ ^, n. The low- 
er part of a river. 

Kawa-szji, i),^^ -p, )\\ 15, ». The course 
of a river. 

Kawata, i3^\^ ^, 5J, n. A tanner, 
leather-dresser. Syn. yeta, kawabo, ka- 


Kawataro, *>s>5r^^, ^ J^, n. Same 

as Kappa. 
Kawa-ya, i),^^^ J&M, w. A leather 

tKAWAYA, ij^s^^ flj, n. A privy. 

Syn. ChOdzba, sktszin. 
Kawa-yanagi, 5^/^-y-^^, :H, n. River- 
Kawayoke, ^A3^r, )\\ {^, n. A break- 

water, to protect the banks of a river 

from the current. 
Kawayui,-ki,-ku,-shi, -hV^AyVlSty 

Beloved, dear, lovely, darling. 
Kaya, jj^^ ^, n. A kind of rush. 

Digitized by 



KAY ij 

KAY * 

Kaya, ^^, ^ jljf, n. Musquito net. 

Kaya, 75r-y, Comp. of iifa, and Fa, a par- 
ticle of interrogation, and doubt. Nan to 
kaya moskimasK'fa ga wanzreta^ I have 
forgotten what he said. H'yaku nen zcn 
yori hajimanshi to kaya^ I think it began 
about a hundred years ago. 

Kaya-BUKI, ij^T^, ^ ^, n Thatched 
with rush. 

Kaya-ji, ^^f", i|i| J!|, n. The stuflF of 
which musquito nets are made. 

Ka-yari-bi, ij^y)^, j^ 5g >^, n. A 
smoke made to keep off musquitoes. 

KAYE,-rM,-^a, ■h'^fi^^ ^, t.v. To ex- 
change, change one thing for another, to 
change, alter, to substitute. Kimono wo — , 
to change the clothes. Szyata vco — , to 
change one^s appearance. Kane wo — , to 
change money. Te wo — , to do in another 
way, or change one's tactics. Mi ni 
kayete ICio wo onto, disregarding one's self 
to think of others. Sen tali hiyuredomo 
layeradz^ although you repent a thousand 
times it will make no difference. Ido wo 
— , to draw off the water of a well, and 
let fresh water flow in ; to clean a well. 

Kaye-buta, ij^Ti^, # ^, n. An in- 
side cover, or lid. 

KAYE-DASHI,-5Z,-sA'^a, ij ^ ^ ^y f.V. 
To dip out, bale out. Fu7ie no aha wo — , 
to bale out a boat. 

Kayede, ij'^Ty IB, A species of maple. 

Kayeri, 75; -^ i; , ^, w. The barb of a hook 
or arrow. 

Kayeri, -rw,-ffa, ^^'^j If, i.r. Tore- 
turn, to come or go back, often joined to 
the roots of other verbs to intensify their 
meaning. Uchi ye — , to return home. 
Kuyande mo kayeranUy repentance will be 
of no avail. Shidzmari kayeni, to be per- 
fectly still. Niye-kayeruy to boil hard. 
8gn. utoDOKtJ. 

KAYE!ii,-/"2f,-f^a, ;&^/u, ^, uv. To be 
hatched us an Q^g. Hatszka iatsz to tama- 
yo (/a — , an egg is hatched in twenty one 

Kayeri-CHIU, *-^V-f^, Sf ^.y n. Re- 
turn to loyalty or fidelity and turning 
informer. — wo szru. 

KaYERI-'GAKE-NI, jj^\)if*f=.^ If 7^, 
r/r/r- On returning, on the way back. — 
KUioXeya ni yotte okure^ call at the tailors 
cm your way back. 

Kayeri-goto, 7t;^i;3-f, ig ^, ("Aenyt.; 
n. An answer, reply. 

KAYKnKMi,-rt^,-^a, i)^\)\)V, Jg, Lv, 
To kiok back, to reflect on, consider; to 

regard, mind, care for. Onore wo — y to 
examine one's self. Ushiro wo — , to turn 
and look back, to reflect on past conduct 
Kayerimidz, neg. disregard, not caring 

tKAYERI-MODE, ij^ij-^^fy $, n. Re- 
turnmg thanks to the Kami, for favors re- 
ceived. — wo szru. 

Kayeri-uchi, ij^\)i7^y igf^, ». The 
killing also of the avenger of one previously 
slain by the same person. — m. au» 

Kayeru, fj^;\^y j^, «. Afrog. 
Syn. KAWADz. 

KAYEsm,-s25,-s/i7a, ij^T^, jg, t. t. To 
return, to send back, restore, repay, re- 
quite, yecompence, to revenge. Kane wo 
— , to repay money. Ada wo — , to kill 
an enemy. On wo — , to requite a kind- 
ness. Koloha wo — , to answer back, to 
retort. Hon wo kayesh'ie kudasarcy please 
return the book. Kash^ia mono wo kayese^ 
return what you borrowed. 

KAYESHi,-sz,-5/i7a, ij^T^y^y tv. To 
hatch eggs. Tamago too — . 

Kayeshi,-sz,-sA'<o, *^^, -BJ, ^r. To 
spell, to form one syllable by syncope 
from the first and last sounds of two 
others. Moji wo — . 

Kayesz-gayesz, ij^^^r^^y iS>S,<M?p- 
Again and again, repeatedly, over and 
over again. — mo nen wo irenij to apply 
the mind over and over again. 


Kayette, iJ^'^9, ^y adv. On the con- 
trary, on the other hand, vice-versa, ra- 
ther, better. — sen yori waruku sKta, it 
is, on the contrary, worse than before. — 
tokUy it is rather an advantage. Ato ye — , 
returning to the previous subject. 
Syn. KKKKU. 

Kay5, ij^^y ^ ^, (cont. of Kono and 
yd,) adv. Thus, so, in this way. 

KAYOl,-o,-o^a, 75r3 7, jfi, i- «?• To go 
and come, to pass to and fro, to pass along 
or through, to circulate, to frequent. Mi- 
chi ni — , to go to and fro through a road. 
tSakaya ni — , to frequent the dram-shop. 

Syn, TORU, 5 RAI 8ZRU. 

KayoI, ijB ty jj, n. A pass-book, pass- 
ing to and fro, intercommunication, circu- 
lation. — no gin, the account in a pass- 
book. Kono toyu midz no — ga warui, the 
water does not flow freely through thi» 
pipe. — ga tayetta^ the communication is 
stopped. Chi no — ga tomerm the circula- 
tion of blood is stopped. Syn. yukiki, 
OUAr, tOri. 

Digitized by 


KAZ ij 

KEA » 


Kayoi-bitz, * 3 t t' 5^, JH fli, w. a 
box used for sending things to and fro. 

Kayoi-cho, ijB^^^^j Ji I6» «• A 

Kayoi-guchi, 7^3h/+, jJ n? n- A 
door for passing in and out. 

Kayowai,-ki,-ku,-shj, ij^V^i Weak, 
feeble delicate. Syn. yowai. 

Kayo ASHi,-s2,-sA'^a, -k3/\^, jj, %. v. 

'^ send backwards and forwards, to in- 

^^hange, exchange, reciprocate. Tegami 

Jf^j — , to communicate with each other 

• by letter. Yo$kimi wo — reciprocate 


Kayu, 5&^, 5B) '^^ Rice gruel, congee. 

Kayui,-ki,-ku,-u,-shi,-sa, ^^/T,^, 
Itching, the sensation in the skin wmch 
inclines one to scratch. Kayui toJcoro wo 
iahuf to scratch an itching place. Xayu- 
hi nau it does not itch. Kaytd tokoro ye te 
ga todokanuy (prov.) unable to do what 
one itches to do. 

KAYU-GARI,-rM,-^^a, 'fy^.iffU^ *^, Lv. 
To be in the habit of scratching, given to 

Kaza, ij Y, ^, n. Smell, odor. 
Syn. Nioi. 

Kaza-ana, ij^r-Yj M !Sr, w. Airhole. 

Kaza-goyb, ij ^zfXy JH S? w* A voice 
altered by a cold in the head, 

Kaza-ouszbi, it ^^7^ V , JB. ^, n. Med- 
icine for a cold. 

Kaza-guruma, T^^^'Z/u-r, jgl^[, n. A 
toy made ef a paper wheel tum^ by the 
wind ; a wind-mill. 

Kazai, ii'ifA, ^U, w. Household fur- 

Kazakami, *Y*5; JS J:, «• Wind- 

Kazakiriba, ^^^\]>^^ jR -^ ^, n. 
The long feathers in the wing of a bird. 

Kazami, * -If > , jH ^, w. A wmd vane. 

Kaza-nami, 7l?■»r-^^, jH ||, n. The 
state of the wind. — \ca ikaga^ how is 
the wind ? — ga got\ the wind is fair. 

KAZARi,-rw,-«a, ij^fU, g, t v. To or- 
nament, embellish, adorn, deck. Kado- 
guchi wo — , to adorn the door of a house, 
(as on new year's day.) Atama wo — , to 
adorn the head. Ayamaohiwo — , to gloss 
over a fault. 
Syn. Y0S05I. 

Kazari, ^ •? i;, f^, w. An ornament, de- 
coration, embellishment. 

Kazabi-SHI, *-f V^, ^ fiS, n. A jewel- 

KAZARi-T8ZKB,-rw,-^a, ^•fI;5'^;^, IS 
^jt,v. To ornament, embellish, adorn, 
deck, to gloss over. 

Kazari- YA, 5tr -f y -v, |i^ Mj ^ Jeweller's 

KAZA8m,-«8,-«A'^a, t!^ -f ^ , ^, t* v. To 
stick in the hair, (|§.) To hold over the 
eyes so as to screen off the sun. JSttai ni 
te wo hazasz, to screen the eyes by putting 
the hand to the forehead. Qgt wo — , to 
screen with a fan. Hana wo — , to stick 
flowers in the hair. 

Kaza-shimo, 7t?-f5^^ JR nF>**- T-eeward. 
— , nimvkoy facing to the leeward. 

Kaza- YOKE, 7& -f a -{r, S |^, n. A wind 

Kaze, ij^^ Jg,, n. The wind. — ga fuhuy 
the wind blows. — wo hiku, to catch cold. 
— ga kawatta^ the wind has changed. — 
ga deru, the wind begins to blow. — ga 
shidnmaru, the wind lulls. 

KazB-JIRUSHI, ij^i^fUl^, jR :^, n. A 
flag for showing the direction of the wind, 
a vane. 

ICaze-Sh'ta, ijMt^ff, S,y,n. Leeward. 

Kazo, ij^^, ^My n- Property, any 
thing which a person owns. Kore wa 
anaia no — cte gosarmeuz ka, is this your 
property ? Waiakushi no — no hon. 

Kazo, ^^f^, Jp ^, Increasing the pay, 
or adding to the income of an officer. 

fKAZO-iRO, ;try/f p, ^ #, w, Father 
and mother, (poet). Syn. chichi-haua. 

Ka-zoku, ^y^, ^ ]||, n. Family. 

KAzoYBj-rt^j-fa, ^ /^;^i 3ff ? '• «?• ^o 
count, number, to reckon, enumerate. 
Kadz wo — , to count the number. Kazo- 
yete mi-yo, count how many. Agete kcuoye- 
gatashu cannot be numbered. 


KAZOYB-KiRi,-rtt,-^a, <f V^^r/i^, ^IB, 
tv. To finish counting. — kiranu, innu- 

KAZOYE-TATB,-rw,-^a, i}V^^9Pj ^ 
ji;, t.v. To count off, to enumerate, 
reckon up. EPto no tnmi wo — . 

K^E, ^ ^, n. Hair, fur, the small feathers 
of a bird. 

K^.' ^t $Ly '^' Same as.?/, used mostly as 
a suffix, = feeling, nature, like, disposi- 
tion. Nani ge naku mirUy to look at 
without showing any particular emotion 
Samu-ke ga szruy to feel chilly. Ahura-ke.i 
oily. Alnma-ge, appearance of danger. 

KE.AGB,-rt*,-ia, ^7^P, HE ±, Uv. To 
send up with a kick, to kick up. 

Ke-AI, >rh, Jit '^, «. A cock fight. 

Digitized by 



KED * 

KEH y 

Ke-ana, ^r•^, ^ JL> »»• The pores of 

the skin. 
KE-AWASB,-rw,-fa, ^ r a -k/^, Ht'^j /.t?. 

To fight cocks. 

i.r. To be rough and nappy, frizzed, (as 

cloth or paper ) 
Ke-biki, ^t'4r, ^ fr, «. The fine lines 

on paper for writing. 
Kebiki-gami, ^h'^ifl j^fJlK, n. Ruled 

paper . 
Ke-biyo, ^t'^t^f, ^ ^, n. Feigned, 

sickness. — wo tszkau^ to feign sickness. 
Ke-bori, ^#V, ^ B^, », Fine hair lines 

in engraving. 
IIKebuna, >5r/^, "g S, o. Strange, odd, 

eccentric. — A7o, a strange man. 

Syn. AYASHii. 
Keburi, -V/y, S, n. Smoke, same as 

Keburidashi, »ri;^^, See Kemunda- 

Kebutai, » r^ ^ , See Kemutax. 
Kechi, -Jr-f, Mean, low, contemptible, 

stingy ; unlucky. — na yatsz, a mean 

fellow. — na hoto iro it/, to speak in a 

penurious manner. — wo Uzkeru, to give 

a bad or unlucky name to a house. 

Syn. OKBI, SHIWAI, fukitsz. 
tKECHl-o'WAN, »f /7^, i^ H, (negai 

wo muszhtt). The end of a fast, or vow. 

Kechi-KECHI, ^f ^f , adv. Stingy, mi- 
serly, mean. 
Kechi-miyaku,^-}- > ^^, jfc )gc, 

(chiszji). n> Lineage, family line. — ga 

tayeru, the family line is extmct. 
KE-CHlRASHi,-«:,-.9/<'fa, -yf ^^jHtftj 

/.r. To kick and scatter. 
tKECHl-YKN, ^^:i,y, j^ |ft, (5^ w 

iNt/«:^i), It, Union or fellowship with 

Hotoke by faith and worship. (Bud.) 

— irossni. 
fKE-DAI, ^^M, tR ;&, Negligent, idle, 

laiy, careless, mdoleut. — tzi-Uj to be 

idle, Syn. Bvsad, ok or arc. 
KK-DAKAi,-KI,~KU,-5,-SHl, » ^' 7& >r , 

IfC flS» ^«oble, high-mmded, dignified. 


Kkdamono, 'r^r^/^ ||{, „. Animal, quad- 

fKEDASHl, ^fl^, 3g, conj, A continua- 
live particle, introducing something proba- 
bly explanatory of what goes before, = 
it is probable, ii is likely, perhaps. 
Syn, dKATA. 

KKDATAMASHU,«KI,-Kr, > ^^ ^ -T S^ >{ , 

Crying out in alarm, screaming in sadden 
fright. Syn. GiYO-GiYOSHn. 

Kedo ,-52rt4, ^ K, ^ Jg, Uv. To convert, 
to bring into the way of salvation. (Bud.) 
iMai shjrjd wo — , to save the whole 
Syn. SAi-DOszRU, doszru, kiyo-kunszrc 

tKEDO, ^^'i>, ^ ^, (michi ni Jdhi^re- 
ru.) To convert and lead into the right 
way. (Bud.) -i^. 


KEDORi,-rw,-«a, ^ K;P, HI #, t,t 
suspect, to mistrust, to conjecture. Do> 
ho to kedoru, to suspect one to be a rob- 

Kedzme, >^y>, Jit Jfl, n. The small 
homy projection above a horse's hoo£ 
The spur of a cock. 

KEDZRi,-rM,-«a, ^y'/i/, f|[,^.r. To plane, 
shave, cut, scrape, to comb. Ita wo katma 
de — , to plane a board. Ke wo hmki- 
hedsri szru, to comb the hair. S^i-hiUz 
wo — , to sharpen a lead pencil. Daimiyd 
no chi-giyo wo — y to cut down the revenue 
of a Daxmio. 

Kega, ^if^ ^, n. A wound, hurt, injury, 
damage, accident. — wo szru, — wo vieru. 
— no komiydy a fortunate accident, an 
injury that turns out to be a blessing. 


KaGARAWA8H1I,-K1,-KU,-U,-SA, -jr jf^ 

^^*^^j ^^' •'^*'*^y» polluted, unclean, 
obscene. K^arawashii monoy an unclean 
person. Syn. fujo, oye. 
KEGARE,-rw,-to, ^ ifiy/\^, ^, t. r. To be 
defiled, unclean, polluted, fouL Koioro 
ga — , the heart is defiled. Syn. biro, 


Kegare, ^ if\^^ |g(, n. Impurity, defile- 
ment, pollution, uncleanness. 
KEGASHI.-S2,-«A7a, ^if/^y '^ 8(» ^- ^^ 
To pollute, to corrupt, vitiate, defile, 
make foul or unclean, deprave. J^wo — , 
to defile one's self. Chi wo aycukHe miga 
wo — , to defile a temple by spilling blood 
in it. Syn KfTAXAKc sxar, yogoss. 
I tKEGl, ^^. It ^, n. Common clothes, 
! every day clothes. Syn. fcda.ngi. 
Kegiwa, ^^j\, ^ Bl, n. The edge or 

border of the hair. 
Kegoromo, ^zfxf:^. ^ 5K,«. Fur-coat. 
..Ke-<;usai,-ki,-ku.-o, jr^-^Ay ^M* 
I It. Smelling of burnt hair. 
Kegutsz, -y^^^, ^ fft, n. Fur-shoes. 
KK-HANASHl,-«:,->s/4 7a, -y/s-f^, 1^ jR, 
ijT. To kick open, or apart. 
I Kk-hawaki, »/\^:^, ^j§yn.A hair 
' brush. 

Digitized by 


KEI y 

KEI y 


jKe-i, ^ >f , ^H ^, Strange, suspicious. 

Sjn. ATASHli. 

Eii, ^ >f , J^, n. A kind of gong, used in 

Buddhist temples. 
Kei, ^ >f , ^, n. Landscape, view, scenery. 

— ffa yoi, the scenery is fine. 
Kei-ba, ir4^^f St i^> ^ ^ horserace. 

— ga aru. — wo mi ni yukuy to go to see 
the horse race. 

Kei-batsz, >5r/f^t5^, Jfj Sg, n. Punish- 
meut. — szrUy to punish (a criminal.) — 
wo okono, (idem.) Syn. shi-oKi. 

tKBi-BETSZ, > /f ^ y, J(S S> To despise, 
contemn, Syn. anadoru. 

tKEi-Bi, JjrAy:, jg ^, Small, little, of 
little worth. — no itari ni sorayedomo, 
although it is very Jittle. Syn. szkoshi. 

IKei-bo, -Jryf^, ]|| -llr, n. Step mother. 


tKEl-B5, jrA^'f^, |g ^, n. Bed-cham- 
ber. Syn. NEYA. 

Kei-butsz, ^^7*5^, ^ ^> w- Articles 
appropriate to the season, presents made 
to customers on opening a new store. 

Km-DZ, ^ A^y ^ H, n. Genealogical re- 

f Kei-fu, &47f^ ^? w- Step-father. 

8p. MAMA-CniCHI. 

Kei-fun, ^Ayy, i^ ^> ^- Calomel. 

IKei-GA, ^A ff, il 36 > (yorokohi iwau.) 
n. Congratulation, felicitation. Ilassalcu 
no — moshi'iresoroy I wish you much joy 
on the Ist of the 8th month. 

tKEl-GI, >5r/f ^, t|-p, (hakari-goto,) n. 
A plan, scheme, device. — szruy to plan. 

Kei-go, ^A=f, ^ @, w. A guard, watch, 
sentry. — no kei, a guard of soldiers. Ro- 
ji wo — szTu, to guard the roads. — wo 
soyeru, to accompany with a guard. 

Kei-HAKU, ^^/n^, @ f^y False-hearted, 
perfidious, double-faced, insincere, inhu- 
man, — nam h'io. 
Syn. FcjiTSz, hakujO. 

Kei-hei, ^ >f 'N/f , Ig pg, «. Amenorrhoea. 

tKEl-Jo, jrA^^-f^y Jifc Jiy(mdshiageru). 
Used in commencing a letter, as Ippitsz 

— tszhamatszri soroy I take up my pen 
to write to you. 

tKEl-JU, ^^'V^^,^'S.9 (omoikarui). 
Light and heavy. Tszmi no — wo tadasz, 
to examine into the heinousness of a 
crime. — wo hakaru^ to find out the 

tKEi-KEN, ^A^y, ig^, To prove, 
try or experiment with medicine. Yamai 
wo — , to experiment with medicine in 
the cure of disease. — sKta kuszn\ a med- 

icine whose efficacy has been well 

Kei-k1, ^'f *, :^ ^, n. Appearance of 
business, trade, activity, or strength. 
Yedo no — ga yoiy business is brisk at 
Yedo. Fu-keikif dull, no business doing, 
Kono setz no — ikaga^ how is business 
now ? — no yo% Kio, an active persoi». 
Ito no — ga waruij the trade in silk is 
dull. Syn. ikiyoi. 

KEl-K0,>5r/( 3, ^ 1^, Practising, drilling, 
exercising, — in order to learn. Keiyutsz 
no — , practice of fencing- — ^^ szrUy to 
practise, exercise, learn. Syn. manabi. 

tKm-Ko, ^Aij^,^^, n. The menses. 
Syn. MEGtJRi. 

Keiko-ba, >^>f3^Hc, ^ ■fi' jg, n. A 
fencing school. 

tKEl-KOTSZ, ^ >f 3 ^, ]g ^, Light, tri- 
fling, careless. Syn. KARU-GARUSHir. 

tKEl-K'WANSO, ^^^V^-^^j^MMj 
n. Cockscomb (flower.) Celosia cristata. 

tKEl-MEl, ^A^4 f^V^y n. Cock-crow- 
ing, early dawn. — goroy time of cock- 
crowing. Syn. YO-AKB. 

tKEl-RAN, >W ■? ^, ^ 91J, (Niwatorino 
tamago). w. Hen's-egg. 

tKEl-.REKl,-szrw, ^/fix:^, i^ ^, To 
travel about, to pass, as time. 

tKEl-RiKU, 'J^ ^j; ^, M gj, n. Capital 
punishment. — wo kuwayeru, to inflict 
capital punishment, to execute. 

tKEl-RIYAKU, ^A^j^^y tj- »&, 71. A 
plan, device, scheme. — wo meguraszy to 
contrive or invent a plan. 
Syn. HAKARiaoTo. 

fKEl-SAKU, '^•/r-*^^, ttlgf, n. A strat- 
agem. Syn. HAKAKIGOTO. 

tKEl-SEl, ^A^A, ^ «, (shirowoka- 

tamukuj, n. A mistress, narlot. 
Kei-shi, ^A^y # ;^, 71. Cinnamon, 

tKEl-SHi, ^Aty, -^.^y n. Miyako. 
Kei-SHIN, ^At^yy J^ >j5», n. Cassia 

•j-Kei-shitsz, ^Aty';^,il^*^yn.A second 

wife. Syn. nochizoye, go- sat. 
tKEl-SHO, ^A-t^y © ^"^ Little, small, 

trifling in quantity, or value. Itatte — 

ni gozarimasz. 


Kei-sho, ^At^Byl^-^.n. The Chinese 

tKEl-SHOKU, ^^^3^, ^ fi, w. View 

scenery, prospect. Syn. kki shik i, ilko 
tKEl-SHU, ^A'y'^, ^-^^ (funa-gisoij. 

w. A boat-race. 

Digitized by 



KEK »: 

KEM » 

IKbi-sotsz, ^ 4 y y, IS i^, Careless, 
trifling, unimportant, of little account. 

— na fCto. 

Kbiszi, ^ >f ^ >< 5 S i^> w- Menses. 
Kbi-TEI, ♦ 4 f 4 , 51 II, (kiyodai). n. 

Kei-t6, »>t f ♦, JB H, n. Cock'scomb, 

(flower.) Celosia cristata, 
tKEl-TO, ♦^f^, Jgjg, (fnegumiaia- 

yeru). To bestow, give. 
Kbi-yaku, ^ >f ^ ^ , 51 ^ J ♦»• -^ covenant, 

an agreement, promise. — szru> 

Syn. YAKD-JO. 
KEi-YEl,-5zn*, ^ A -SLAy M ^} 'Jt'o 

guard, defend, protect. 


KjEi-YElj-szrM, ^-^ 3i>f , IE g, To build, 


tKEl-YO, ^A^^jj^'^y n. Form, figure, 
appearance, looks. 
Syn. Kataoui, szqata. 

fKBi-YO-SHl, ^ >f 3 ♦ 5^, ^ ^ ig, «. An 

Kei-zai, ^^•^'f, 85^, n. Economy, 
judicious use of money or property, in 
order to increase wealth. — gahiy political 

tKBJiME, »i?>, f§ @, n. Difference, 
distinction. Teki mihata no — mo nakuy 
there was no distinguishing friend from 
foe. Syn. wakacui, shabetbz, waida- 


Kbjirami, ^i^^l, ^Mi^n. a louse. 

KB-KAKB,-ri/,-<a, ^Hj^fl^y Wii^9 i'^' 
To kick, or splash about with the feet, 
Uma ga doro too — . 

KE-KAYBSHI,-«2,-«A'<a, ^fj^^^l^ Jg, 
t. V. To kick back. 

Kekkafuza, ^"^ijyft.i^ IJB 8^ ^j n. 
Sitting in silent contemplation, (as the 

tKEKKl, » ?^ #, ifil ^, ». The glow, ve- 
hemence, or ardor of youth. — no sakan- 
nam rnama^ like the vehemence of youth. 

— no yu ni makaseruy trusting in the 
vigor of youth. 

Kbkko, -{r jj^^i^, ]^ ^, a word of admi- 
ration, or commendation,™ Fine, splendid, 
excellent, beautiful, grand, delicious, de- 
lightful. — na kimono, — na otenkL — 
na iye. — na shina. — na hurashu 
Syn. RIPPA, YOl. 

Kekku, ->• */^, iS ^, conj. On the con- 
trary, rather, better. The last word of a 
sentence, or stanza of poetry. 


To kick into. 

Bjb-MAN, ^^y,'^^^ n. An ornament 
placed on the head of idols. A kind of figure 
made of braid. The name of a flower, 
Eucapnos spectabilis. 

Kb-MAR1, ^ -^ V , gJt is, ». A foot-ball 

Kbm-BEKI, ^ yh'^j^^yn. A place on 
the back of the shoulder above the spine 
of the scapula. 

Kbm-bbtsz-ni, ^y^^/zi, |f gj, adv. 
House by house, to each house. Kafte tco 
— wart'tskeruy to divide the money in 
proportion to the number of houses. 

tKEM-BI, ♦^t', ^ ^, (kanesonawaru) 
Doubly furnished. Sum-lu *— no taisho, 
a prince perfect both in military art and 
in literature. 

Kbmbikiyo, ^yh'^'f^f SI Ift il> ^- A 

Kem-biyo, 'Sr ^ t'-v 1^ , 5S ^, n. A small 
ornamental screen. 

IKem-bo, ^y^^^j^ ,g, n. A disease 
characterized by loss of memory. 

Kem-BUN, ^y^y, ^ ^, ( nu-wakem, ) 
n. Official examination, or inspection. — 
szruy to examine, inspect. 

Kembutsz, ^yy*^, ^^, n. Seeing, 
looking at for recreation or curiosity, sight- 
seeing. Szmo wo — ni yukx^ to go to see 
the wrestlers. — szrti^ to look at for re- 
creation, or curiosity. 

tKBMl,-5S5rw, >>• > , j^, To revise, inspect, 
examine, critise. Hon wo — , to review, 
or inspect a book so as to correct it. 

Ke-M1y6, ^ ^ ^ ♦ , ^ ^, (karinona,) n. 
An assumed name, false name. 

Kbm-M1, ^ ^ $ , t^ ^, w. Inspection, ex- 
amination, especially of the rice crop. — 
no yahinin^ rice inspector. 

tKEM-M0N,-5zrw, ^y^yy ^^, (Mi- 
hki 8zru.) To see and hear. Kem-nuyn- 
rokuy book in which what one sees and 
hears is noted down. 

Ke-MONO, >^^/, g[, «. Animal, beast. 


tKEM-PO, ^y^>f7, jgd fi, n. The rules of 

fKEM-Po, ^ ^^N-7, ^ f^, w. Law, edict. 

Syn. OKITE. 

Kemponashi, ^y^-^yy m^, w. A 

kind of fruit. Hovenia dulcis. 
Kem-PU, ^y-f^it ^; n. Silk and cotton 

tKEM-PU, ^y-fy^^j n. An intelligent 


Digitized by 


KEN ^ 

KEN i 


tKEM-PU, -5^ ^/, R ^, w. Your honor-" 

able father. 
Kkmuri, '^ a i; , g, w. Smoke. 
Kemuri-dashi, iJ^xj^u^ ® tUjW. A 

chimney, stove pipe. 
Ke-MUSHI, -5^-2*5^, ^ ^, n. A kind of 

Ke-mushiro, ^-^'yv^^ ]^,n, A rug, 

or mat made of wool. 
KeMUTA1,-K1^-KU,-0,~SHI, 'JrA^/f, jgg 

1^, Smoky, disagreeable on account of 

Ken, ^y^ A particle expressing doubt 

or uncertainty of something past. Iku 

iose ha furi ni hen, I wonder how many 

years old it is ! Idtht ye ha iachi-scmhenj 

I wonder where he has gone. 
Ken, ^ yy f^,n. A sword, a bayonet. 


IKen, jr y, JjJ^, (hewashii). A precipice, 

Ken, ^y^^^jfL A measure of length, of 
six Japanese feet, »= 71i inches English. 

Ken, ^y^ If , Numeral in counting houses. 
lye ithen, one house. lye ni len, two 

Ken, ^ y^ ^, «. Power, authority, influ- 
ence. — wofui% to show one's power. — 
wo ioru, to hold the power, to have the 
authority. — wo hatte mono wo tu, to talk 
assuming«an air of authority. 
Sjn. iKiYOi. 

IKen, » y^ g, Intelligent, clever, wise, 
prudent. — nam h'to^ an intelligent man. 
— yw, (idem). — sha^ (idem). 
Syn. kash'koki, riko. 

Ken, ^ y^ ^, n. A game played with the 
hands, Ken wo utsz, 

Kenage, ^Hhy, H iCj Gallant, spirited, 
heroic, bold, brave, noble. — nayatsz^ 
a noble fellow. Samade — no hatarahi, 
such a heroic deed. — ni iu, to speak 

||Kbnarii,-ki,-ku, 'ir -^ M , Enviable, 
that which one would like to be, or be 
like. Syn. urayamashit. 

KENA8Hl,-5z,-5/i^a, ^-^;^,^^;. To speak 
lightly, or contemptuously of, to depreci- 
ate. Skina wo henashHe yaszku hattj to cry 
down the price of anything and buy it 
cheaply, UHowo — , to run down a person, i 

Kenchi, >5r ;/f , \^ Jifc, n. Measuring, or i 
surveying land. — wo utsz, to survey ' 

Ken-dai, 1^ :^^M , £ 3|, ». A book rest, 

or stand, a desk for resting a book on. 
tKEK-DON, ^yYy,^% Close, stingy, 

miserly, covetous, cruel, inhuman, hard- 
hearted. — naruh'to. (Bud.) 
Syn. MUSABORU, nasakenai, fc-jitsz. 

Kendzru, ^ >X;i., gf, See Kenji. 

tKE-NEN, >5r:f >, jg ;!:, (hoh(n'o nikake- 
ni). To be concerned about, have on the 
mind. — szru. 

tKEN-GAKU, ^yiJ'^,^^y Learned in 
two or many subjects. 

tKBNGA-NO-BEN, ^yjf ;^y, %^ it 
M, Fluent in speaking. 

tKEN-GEKl ^ ^y #, f^ ^, (Tszrugt ho- 
ho). Sword and halberd. — wo uyohasZy 
to stir up war. 

tKBN-Glu, ^ ^^^, ^ ^, 71. The name 
of a constellation near the milky way. 
— shohijo no h'waigoy a festival on the 
7th of the 7th month. Syn. tanabata. 

tKEN-GlU-K'WA, ^y^^^7,S^^^, 
n. The moming-glorv. Syn. asagao. 

Ken-GIYO, ^y^^^,\^ \% 72. Former, 
ly an official title, now the name of the 
highest rank of the blind. 

Ken-GO, ^y=f, g @, (hatai^hatahu). 
Strong, firm, secure, safe, j well-fortified, 
strict, rigid, severe, correct, firm in prin- 
ciple. Syn. KIBISUII, GKKJU. 

tKEN-GU, » > ^, g jg, Clever and 

KBNJi,-r7zr?^,-fa, ^ yj<)V, |R, To pre- 
sent, offer or give to a superior. 


tKEN-jo, ^yi^^^^ f( ±, (idem). _ 

monoy a present to a superior. 
tKEN-jo, >jr:/^*^^,^g|, (yudzriyudz^ 

ru). Humbly to decline, or excuse one's 

Ken-JUTSZ, >^^^^5', fl ;g|5, n. The 

art of fencing. 
tKEN-KAKU, "ryij^,^^, (hahe-heda- 

teru). Separated, far apart, far removed. 

Ten-chi — no chigai, as different as heaven 

and earth. 
tKEN-KON, ^y=^y,^i^. Heaven and 

earth. Syn. tenchi. 
Ken-k'wa, ^ y^ 7, p| pf , n. A quarrel, 

fight. — szruy to quarrel, or fight. 
Ken-nan, ^y^y,% |i, n, A sword 

tKEN-NUN, >»r^j?:/, gj^ gf, n. Diz- 
ziness, vcrtig^o. — szruy to become dizzy. 

Syn. KURUMEKU, memai. 

tKEN.RAN, ^y^y,% %, To see (in 

speaking of another). 
Ken-RIYO, ^ ^ V 3,' S Ji;, (ohoshimesM). 

Your intelligent opinion. 
tKEN-SAI, ^y-^^,^^, (rihona clii- 

Digitized by 



KEP » 

KES y 

ye). Clever, mtelligent, iDgenious, saga- 

Ken-SHI, ^ yi/, \^ ^, (kalam tro miru)y 
n. Coroner, one who makes an official 

Ken-SHIKI, ^ y^y^j ^ ^, ». Intelligence, 
discernment, judgment. — wo torn, to 
affect pomp, or make a display of one's 

Kenso, '^ ^^ y , (jjt lift? n. Steep, precipi- 
tous. Syn. KEWASiiii. 

Ken-SON, ^y)/y, Hit 31? Humble; to 
humbly excuse one's self. — szru, to 
humble one's self. — nam Ktoy an humble 
person. Syn. heri-kcdaru, kentai, ji- 


Kbn-SZU, ^y^^,yf1gli,n. Number of 
houses, or of ken in length. — nani Iiodo^ 
how many houses. 

IKen-tai, ^y^4j ^ ^, (Ixine tszto- 
muru). Discharging the duties of two 
different offices. Ftda yaku wo — szru. 

tKEN-TAI, ^yii^A,^^, To be humble. 

— nam Kto^ an humble man. Syn. kkn- 


Kek-t6, ^yH^i; ,£ ^, n. Aim. —szru, 
to take aim at, to take sight. — chtgai, 
to miss the aim. — ya hadzreta^ to be 
disappointed in one's object. Mato wo 

— Bzru^ to aim at a target. Syn. me- ate. 
Ke-NUKI, ^ji^y^^, 71. Tweezers. 
Ken- YAKU, ^y^^Aktfiy^' Economy, 

saving in expenses. — ?/flrw, economical, 
saving, frugal. — wo szru^ to be econom- 
ical in the use of hnythi ng. — ni hane 
wo tszkauy to spend money economically. 
Syn. SIIIMATSZ, tszdzmayaKa, sekken. 

Ken-YAKU, »^^^, ^ 15, A previous 
agreement, covenant, or promise. — don 
hane wo wataszy to pay over money ac- 
cording to a previous agreement. 

Ken-yo, ^ya^, ^ ^, «. Using any- 
thin£r for two purposes; using anything 
in addition to something else. 

tKEN-Yo, >^ ^3 ♦, ig ^, n. A boil on 
the perineum. 

tKEN'-YO, '5r ^3, ;g 15, «. The beginning, 
origin, or first discovery of anything. 
Syn. iiajimari, okori. 

Ken-zao, -Jr^-i^'^, K :p|, w. A measur- 
ing pole. 

IKen-zen, ^y^y, ^ ^, adv. Mani- 
festly, clearly. Syn. ma-noataki. 

Ken-zoku, ^ ^yf , # JR, n. Family, 
household, including servants or retainers. 

KeoRI, > ;J- y , ^ i|t» w. Hair-cloth. 

Keppaku-na, ^ :>r^s->^^ gg 1^^ Clean, free 

from defilement or impurity, honest, up- 
right. — tUztva mono, a clean vessel. — 
h'toy an honest man. Syn sei-chokc, 


Keppan, ^"^^^y^ jIl ^, Sealed with 
blood. — %zru to seal with blood. 

Keba, ^^, j^, n. A cricket. 

Kerai, ^^A^%^^n. Servant, retamer. 

Keraku, ^^^, ^ m, Happy, joyful, 
light-hearted. Syn. kokoroyoi, tano- 


Kereba , -y \yy< , A conj u ctive word formed 
from Keri^ and affixed to the root of verbs, 
or adjectives, as Na-hereha, if there is not. 
Horihereba, when I dug. Yomi-herebay 
when I read. Samu-kereha, if you are cold, 
KurO'kereha, if it is black. 

Keredomo, ^\yV^, (formed from Keri 
and domojy conj. Although, but, still, 
notwithstanding. Syn. iedomo. 

Keri, KERU, -y V , An auxilliary verb, 
of no intrinsic meaning, whose forms are 
used as suffixes to form the moods aad 
tenses of other verbs. Final and pret. Keru 
Pret. and adj. Kenu Conj. Kereba and 
Keredomoy Fut. and dubit. Ken. 

KERI,-rtt,-«a, ^)V, ISt, L r. To kick. 
Uma ya Kto wo kettoy the horse kicked 
the man. 

KeSA, ^-^y -^ ]|J, adv. This morning. 
Syn. KON-cnO. • 

Kesa, ^-^y ^^, n. a scarf worn by 
Buddhist priests across the shoulder. 

Kesan, ^-^y, fl* ^, n. A paper-weight. 

KEmi, -sz^-sh'ta^ ^^, ^, t.v. To ex- 
tinguish, efface, put out, erase. Jl% wo — , 
to extinguish a fire. Ji wo — , to erase a 
word. JJoku wo — , to counteract a poison. 

Keshi, ^i^, ^^^n. The poppy. 

Keshi-bodz, ^s^^^ijrx', 5f: 4 i^ i, 
n. One who has the hair all shaved, ex- 
cept a circular patch behind, like chil- 
dren, or Chinamen. 

Keshi-dzmi, ^-y^l,^ S^,n. The cm- 
ders of wood. 

KESHi-KAKE,-n(,-fa, ^i^ij^^,t.r. To 
set on, incite, instigate. Inu wo keshi-hake- 
te kami-awaserUy to set dogs to fight. 


KesHIKARANU, ^-yij^ji, a. Extraordi- 
nary, uncommon ; strange, outrageous. — 
sawagiy extraordinary tumult. — sama^ 
strange appearance. — o ame da, a very 
heavy rain. Syn. HANAnADAsniKTi. 

KeSHIKI, ^t/^, Jt ^, «. Landscape, 
scenery, view, ^ ^, appearance, sbow, 
sign, expression of face. — ga yah ^® 

Digitized by 


KET * 

KI ^ 


scenery is fine. Makeru — mo naiy no sign 
of defeat. Torokohu — mo nai, no appear- 
ance of joy. Syn. kei-shoku, yOsz, iro. 
tKESHlN, ^yy^ j^^,(hahetarumu)ru 
Transformation, transfiguration, incarna- 
tion, (of a god or devil. (Bud.) Kami 
no — , an incarnation of a god. Mida no 
— y incarnation of Amida. 

n. Very small figures of men. 

KesHIRAI, ^t^^ty n. Appearance, sign, 
indication, symptom. — mo naif no indica- 
tion. Syn. KczASHi. 

Kesho, ^t^^^, ^ U, Adorning the 
face with white powder and rouge. — wo 
szrti. Keshoheyay a dressing-room. 

Kesh6-no-mono, »^^^/^/,fl:4^, 
n. A hideous or unnatural form, monstros- 
ity. Syn. BENGE. 

tKE36,-^2r«, 'JTHfi^, jg jg, (omoiwoha- 
keru.) To lust after, to love. Onna ni — , 
to lust after a woman. Syn. horkrxj. 

tKESo-BUMl, »■^^^r^ ji jgl *, w. A 
love-letter. Syn. tszkb-bcmi. 

Kesokudai, ^ v^^A ^ 1^ 3K» '^^ A 
flower stand in temples. 

fKESSAl, ^"^^-^A.^^j Abstaining from 
flesh or fish, in devotional purification. 
iS^dJtn — szru. (idem). 

Kesseki, > p^^^r, B3 )$, Failing to taJce 
one's seat in an assembly, absent from 
one's seat. 

KKSSBi-szi'Uj-sh'ta, ^^^y^P^ ^, tx. To 
settle, decide, determine. Sho-hu wo kes- 
szru, to decide which is victorious. Kohoro 
yyo — , to decide. Syn. kimeru. sadameru. 

KE8SHi,-S2r?^,-sA'^a, -J-^^^/p, j|§, t v. 
To be constipated. Daihen ga kesstru, 
the bowels are constipated. 

KeSSh'te, ^ ^-yr, i^, adv. Positively, 
certainly, decidedly. — so de wa naiy it is 
positively not so. — o kamai nasaru nay 
you must not trouble yourself about it. 


Kksz, ^^y Sec Keshi. 

KESSaOy-szTU^^^ -;y3^ IK ^, To con- 
fiscate, or seize the properly of a person 
for crime committed. 

Keta, ^^y%jn. The cross-beams of a 
roof. Hogeiay the yards of a sail. 

Ketabo, »^7f:^, |g #,w. The yards of 
a sail. 

Ketade, ^a^fj^ ^y n. A kind of 

IjKetai, »^>f , ih ft, n. Luck. — ga 
tparuij unlucky, 

KE-TAOSHI,-52,-s/6Ya, jf ft 7 ^ y Wt ®|j 

Lv. To kick over, kick down any thing 

KE^TATEy-rUy-ttty ^ ^ ^ f^ , ^^ J^ , ^V. TO 

kick up. Hokori too — , to kick up adust. 
KETCHAKU,-S2rw, ^ -^^^^, g^ ^, To 
decide, fix, settle, determine, (adv.), posi- 
tively. Hlydgi ga ketchaku sKta, the 
council has come to a decision. 

Kfi-T0BASHI,-S2,-s/i'^a, ^y^'^T'^y Kt ^, 

tv. To cause to fly up by kicking. Kema- 

ri wo — , to kick a football up into the 

Ketsz-dan, ^-^^y, ^ Hf, Decision, 

determination, final judgment. — szru, 

to decide, determine, judge. 
Ketsz-ji, ^^ip, IQ ^, n. The space left 

blank in writing, before the names of the 

great and venerated. 
Ketsz-j6, >5r iJ^-f^^, ^ ^, Fixed, set- 

tied, determined, sure. — szruy 


KE-TSZMADZKi,-A:w,-iYa, ^ ^-r^^, ». r. 
To stumble, trip, or strike the foot 
against any thing. 


tKETSz-NiKU, »^i>^, Jfii ^, n. Flesh 
and blood. — no kigodai. 

tKETSZ-RiN, ^^\)yy Ha ?#, n. Hsematu- 
ria, bloody urine. 

Ketto, ^V^y^yJ^L^, Family-line, line- 
age, natural descent, consanguinity. 

Ke-U, '^'y', ^ ^, Eare, strange, wonder- 
ful. — na koto, a strange affair. 
Syn. HENNA, miyOna. 

tKEWAi,-52rw, ^ ?\A, ig, To dress, 
adorn one's self adjust one's dress. 
Syn. YOsO-o. 

Kewai, ^/\Ay w. Manner, sign, indication, 
Syn. YOSZ, KESniRAT, keshiki. 

Kewai-JO, ^^^A-^3,j^J^^ n. A dress- 
ing-room. Syn. KESHOBEYA. 

KEWASHii,-Ki,-Ku,-u,>^^N-:/'>f Jjg,Steep, 
precipitous, hasty, hurried, urgent. 


Keyaki, ^^^,n. A kind of tree. 

Ke-yaki, ^^^j^^y n. Singing the 
feathers of a fowl. — szru. 

^h ^} /fC, w. A tree, wood. — no ha, leaf 
of a tree. — no mcy fruit of a tree. — no «e, 
root of a tree. — no mihi, trunk of a tree. 
— no halm, stump of a tree. — no yani, 
gum. — no shiru, sap of a tree. -^ 
no me, th'e buds of a tree. — no hana^ 
blossoms. — no mata, crotch of a tree, — 
no shin, the pith of a tree. — no fuski, 
knot of a tree. — no mokumey the grain 

Digitized by 



KI * 

KIB * 

of wood. — de kosJiirat/erit, made oi wood. 

— ICO kiru, to cut wood. 

Kl, ^, ^, ». The spirit, temper, feeling, 
mind, heart, disposition; vapor, exhalation. 

— ni int, to accOrd with one's mind, to 
like. — niiranuy to dislike, does not suit. 

— m kakerUy to be concerned about, to 
lay to heart. — ni szru, to keep in mind, 
to take to heart. — ^a tohi nam, to lose 
consciousness. — wo usJunau, idem. — ga 
mijikai^ impatient, irritabje. — no kita 
Jito, a sharp, quick witted person. — ni 
kanau, to suit one's fancy, to be agreeable. 

— no nagai Kto a deliberate person, not 
hasty. — w osandzru, to enliven the spir- 
its, dispel vapors. — wo momUy to fret or 
vex the mind, — ga muszborerUy to be 
gloomy, moody. — wo fusagu^ to lose 
heart, become melancholy. — ga semai, 
pusillaminous. — wo tszkeruy to take care, 
heed, mind. — no mudzkashii h'to, a per- 
son liard to please. Jl'to no hi ni sakaru, 
to offend a person. — ga tatsz^ to be 
excited, or aroused, the vapor rises. 

Kl, ^,^y n. Yellow. 

tKl, ^, ^, Odd number, -ff/^tt, odd and 
even. Syn. han. 

tKl, =ir, -^j Strange. Ki-naru, strange. 
Kore wa ki-na mono da, this is a strange 
thing. Syn. medszeaihi, miyO. 

fKl, ^r, ;^, 71. Circumstances, opportunity. 

— ni odzrUj to avail one*s self of circum- 
stances. — wo ushinau, to lose the op- 

tKl, ^, 12, n. A space of twelve years. 
Ikki, one period of 1 2 years. 

^h ^y SI J Numeral for horse-men. Ikki, 
one horseman. Ikkigaki wo szniy to ride 
out alone. Ikki to-sen tw tsTwamonOy a 
daring soldier, who is not afraid alone to 
face ten thousand. 

Kl, KURU, KlTA, ^y ^,«>. To come. Ki- 
teorUy is coming. Nandoki hita ka, what 
o'clock did you come ? Yedo kara klta, 
came from Yedo. neg. Komiy not come. 
Imp. jSTm , come. ICoko ni koi, come here. 
Neg. imp. Kmia^ don't come. Koho ni 
hmaj don't come here. Anie ga futtekitay 
it has begun to rain. Kaze ga fiiUe-kitay 
the wind has begun to blow. Kite mi 
nasai, come and see. Cha wo kattekoi, go 
and buy some tea. Cha wo katte-kiia, he 
has bought the tea. 

Kl, KlRU, KlTA, ^^ ^, tv. To wear, put 
on clothes, to dress. Kitnono wo h'rUy 
to put on one's clothes. On wo ktru^ to re- 
ceive favors. Haori wo kite yukuy put on 
one's coat and go. Syn. chaku-y6. 

fKl, =^, t£, w. History, record, chronicle. 

Ni-hon-ki, the history of Japan. 
Kl-Al, ^rrt, ^^, (kibun,) n. The 

spirits, feelings. — ga waruiy to feel bad. 


KlBA, ^>^, 3^, w. A tufik, the canine 

fKlBA, ^^^, 1^ Wi, n. A horseman, 
trooper. Kibamuska^ (idem.) 

Kl-BACHl, :^;'^f , tJ; ^, 7». A large wood- 
en bowl. 

Ki-BAMi,-mw,-7irfa, ^^"i I , ^, t. V. To 
become yellowish. Kao ga kihande onh ^^ 
face i.s yellow. A7 no ha ga — , the leaves 
are turned yellow. 

KiBARASHI, ^^^f-y, ^ Bf J «• Pastime, 
amusement, driving off gloom, or melan- 
choly. — wo sznu 

KiBARi,-rw,-^^a, ^y^)\^y ^ 51) *• ^' ^^ 
force one's self to do a liberal act. 

Kl-BASAMI, :^^^-4f ^ , TJ; ^ •?? w- Shears 
for pruning trees. 

KlBAYAl,-KI,-KU,-0,-SHI, ^^^-V'/f 5 ^J|l, 
Quick of apprehension; prompt, excitable, 
or easily roused, quick tempered. 

KlBl, * b', ^, w. A kind of millet, sor- 

KlBl, ^ b", ^ 5^, same as Kimi, 

KlBlSHll,-Kl,-KU5-u, ^\^l^Ay jg, Se* 
vere, strict, stringent, rigid, stern. Scrnm- 
sa ga — , the cold is severe. Oga no 
shitszkega — , parent's rules are strict. Ki- 
hishihi katameru, strictly guarded. Eibi- 
shiku imashimerUj to severely reprunand, 


IlKimsHO, ^h'-y^, «. A small tea pot, 

same as Kiusz. 
IlKlBlSZ, ^rt'.;^, JK, w. The heel. 


KlBO, ^^:, ^J^, n. Example worthy 
of imitation, precedent, pattern; renown, 
illustrious deed. — wo nokoszj to leave 
behind a good example. — wo tateru, to 
set an example. Matsz dai no — , a glo- 
rious example to the latest generations. 


tKl-BO, ^^'^'♦j ^ He? (medzrashi hakari- 
gotOy) n, A strange scheme, wonderful 

tKl-BOKU, :¥^'>^, :§; H, (taXtoki stmiO 
Precious ink, a phrase used for a letter. 

Ki-BONEORi,-?'tt,-^a, # tK^ *;^, ^ *i* Jf > 
t. r. To be full of care, concern, or anx- 
iety, usually written Kihone wo oru> 

||KlBUl-Kl,-KU,'-«Hl,-U,-6A, ^7'A^ iff 
Sharp, strong, or harsh to the taste. Sakt 
ga ktbui. Syn. tszyoi. 

Digitized by 


KID ^ 

KIG # 


Kl-BUN, ^yy^ ^ ^y n. The spirits, 
state of the body. — ga wandy to feel 
unwell. — wa ikaga, how are you ? 


Kl-BURl, ^/V , /fC ^> w. The shape, or 
trhn of a tree. — wo iiaosz^ to improve 
the shape of a tree. 

Ki-BURUSUi, ^r;^^^, ^ "6", «. Old and 
worn out clothing. Donna no — too mo- 
raite kiru, to wear master's old clothes. 

KlBUSAl,-KI,-KU,-SHl,-0, :^ T-^A,^^, 
Disagreeable, hard to bear, causing de- 
jection or depression of spirit*. Syn. urrO- 

Ki-BUSh6, ^ry^^, ^ IR ttj Idle, in- 
dolent, lazy. 

Kl-BUTSZ, ^Tfy^ffy, (niedzraahi mo- 
no^J n, A strange, or wonderful thing. 

Kl-BUTSZ, 47*5^, 2S ^? «• A vessel, uten- 
sil, furniture, implement. Syn. utszwa, 


Ki-cHAKU,-szr2f, ^f ^i^, I® ^> To re- 
turn homc^ come back. 

KlCHl, ^r-f-, *§, a. Lucky, fortunate. — 
nichu a lucky day. — dzi, a lucky sign. 

— jo, lucky. — y*, lucky aflfair, good 
luck. Syn. toi. 

Ki-CHIGAI, ^^ifAy^^j Crazy, insane, 
mad, out of one's mind. — na hHo^ a 
crazy man, lunatic. Syn. rak-sdix, nAK- 


KlcHl-REI, ^'^\yA^ "S ffij, w. The anni- 
versary of a fortunate event. 

Kl-CHIU, ^ ^ ♦ , J§1 +> 0'^* ^0 wJd.) The 
period of mourning. Syn. mo-chiu. 

KiCHO, ^-f-v^, JL 1^, V. Silk-curtain. 

KicuoMEN, ^jf-f-vV^^, Exact, accurate, 
precise, punctual. 

Kl-DACHl, +^f , TJC :fc TJj w. A wood- 
en long-sword. 

Kl-DATE, ^^r, ^ ji> w. Disposition, 
temper. — no warui Kto^ a person of bad 
disposition. Syn. suOnk. 

KlDKX, ^r>, JSiSSii (tattol'i tono.J Hon- 
orable lord, a phrase used for, You. 

tKl-DEX, #r^, |& %y(shirus1ii hztayc) 
n. Records, history. 

KlDO, :^ K, /(; p, n. A gate. 

tKl-DO, =t K, ^ ^, (ymohohi ikaru. ) 
Joy and anger. 

KlDOKU, ^Y^/y ^ #? Strange, wonder- 
ful, rare, admirable, (used in praise only.) 

— na Kto, — na hoto. Syn. siiiMiavO. 
Ki-d6shi, ^ y^l^, ^ 3§, Always wear- 
ing the sacie clothes. — ni szru, 

KiDz, ^^, 7f ^, (Ncg. of Kinc.) not 

KiDZ, ^ry, % |£, »'• A kind of owl. 

Syn. MiMiDZKU. 
KiDZ, ^y(, j(E, w. A wound, hurt, a scar, 

cicatrice; Jff, a blemish, defect. — \co 

vkeru, to receive a wound, or hurt. — wo 

tszkerUy to wound, hurt. Syn. kega. 
Kl-DZI, ^f^*, ^ K, Selfish, serving 

one's own pleasiire or convenience. — na 

Kto, Syn. ki-mama. 
Kl-DZl, *X^, -^ Jg, n. A strange sign, 

a wonder, unusual phenomenon, — ga ara- 

wareru. Syn. fi'suigi. 
Kl-DZKAI, ^yij}Lj ^ jS, n. Concern, 

an.xiety, fear. — wo szru. to feel anxious. 

— wa naij there is no fear. Syn. suimpai, 


KlDZKAWASHir5-Kl,-KU, ^ViJ^'^^A, ^ 
ifi SCj Anxious, concerned, fearful. 

KlDZKl,-A:?/,-iYa, ^^/^, |^, /.r. To build 
with stones or earth. Odciha wo — , to 
build a fort. Dote wo — , to build an em- 

KlDZKlGAVl, e^^^ifX, ^Iftlffi, w. A 
kind of unglazed paper. 

KlDZMARI,->t/,-«a, :^y-T;U, ^ j|,, f.r. 
To be dejected, oppressed in spirits, to be 

tKlDZNA, =lf y-h, SHt, n. Bonds, only used 
figuratively. On ai no — ni hiharunty 
drawn by the cords of kindness and love. 

KlDZTSZKl,-tw,-tYa, ^^5^^, ^, t. V, To 
wound, hurt. HHo ni — , to wound 

Kl-DZY01,-KI,-KU,-6,-SHI, ^f^^^f, ^ 
5S, Resolute, stout-hearted, of great for- 
titude, nerve, or endurance. — ICto. 

Kl-FU, +7, ?^FS", Contributions for build- 
ing, or repairing a temple. — wm, to con- 
tribute, &c. 

Kl-FUDA, ^7^', ?JC ;H, w- A wooden 
ticket, or pass. 

Ki-vuKU,-6zr?;, i)7^y If JIE, ^*- V' To 
obey, submit, be in subjection. 

Syn. s'lITAGAU. 

Kkja, ^ify^^y n. Tasting of wood. 
Kono sale — kusaiy this wine tastes of the 

Kl-GANK, ^ff:f, ^ ^, n. Care, anxiety, 
or solicitude not to oftcud. — wo szrUy to be 
careful to please. Syn. shimpai, kidzkai. 

Kl-GARUl,-Kl.-KU, + ;!r;^>i , ^ 1^, Light- 
hearted, sprightly. 

Kl-GAYE, ^ if^y ^ ^, n. Changing the 
clothes, a change of clothing. — wo szru, 
to change one's dress. — wo kimono^ a 
change of clothes. 

KlGEN, ^yyy^ jt, n. Feeling, spirits. 

Digitized by 



KIK * 

KIK # 

temper. — ga warm\ to feel unwell, out 
of temper. Go — yoroshii ka, how do you 
do ? are you well ? (in saluting.) — wo 
sonjifUj to oiFend, hurt the feelings. — wo 
tortido please, to gratify, to conciliate. 

Kl-(;iKU, ^^^y^^,n. A yellow crys- 

Kir.OMl, ^3-^,^2.,,*. A kind of pad- 
ded garment worn in winter under armor. 

Kl-GU, >5r ;^, tJ; ^, n. Wooden ware. 

Ki-GUSHi, ^/'y, 7fc ^, n. A wooden 

tKl-G'WAN, ^/y^, WfJ^y^ (Inori ne- 
gau.) 71. Prayer, supplication. — wo 
kakeru, to offer up prayers. 

KiGU-YA, ^/^, TfcS^, w. A seller 
of wooden ware. 

KlUADA, ^r^N^, w. Oakum. 

tKl-HAN, ^/\^, ^ (j(L) (kayeru fune). 
Sailing of a ship on her return. — szru* 

tKl-HEl, ^^Aj -^ ^, (ayashihi Uzwa- 
mono). Soldiers used to deco\, or sur- 
prise an enemy. 

tKl-HEX, ^^y, Jt Ji> (tattohiho),^ 
Your honor, in respectfully addressing 

tKl-Ho, :^/\^, '$i^,(taHohihotaye),= 
Your honorable answer. 

tKl-I, 4 4 , ft ;^, (anata no ohoshimeskt). 
=Your honor's or mind. 

tKl-1. ^ >i , ^ ^, (ayashnj. Strange, 

Kl-lRO, =^4p, ^ fe, w. Yellow. 

KlJl, #i^, fcl^ ^5 ». A pheasant. 

tKl-Jl, ^:^, IB ^, n History. 

Kl-Jl, ^^-'j /fC rt, «. The nature or qual- 
ity of wootl. Kono hako wa — ga tcarui 
kara yottaL the box is not strong because 
of the bad (quality of »he wood. 

Kl-JlTSZ, ^^^^J', :K ff,». A kind of med- 

Kl-Jo-XA, :^i*^^^Jtj ^ fiif, Resolute, 
firm, determined. 

tKlKA, 4*, jit ^, (anata). == You, in 
nddressincT equals. 

KiKADSZ, KlKANU, KlKANAI, 4^ 7^ ^, 

KlKADZMBA,^ ^ *^ ^>^, Ne-. conj. of A'tK, 

= if he don't hear, the not hearinir. 

ant hfkaradz, must hear. 

KlKAI, ^^/f, S "bll* "• Any instrument, 
tool, utensil, furnimre or machine used 
by man to aid him in his laU>r. 

*KlKAl, ^^ {, i^4J, «. A ma:hino,en. 

tKlKAMAHOSHlKU, ^ij-^t^t/^y gj^ g, 
Wish to hear. Syn. kiki-tai. 

tKl-KAN, ^ijy, fL ^, (wiyesamui). 
Hunger and cold. — tea sJdnogUj to en- 
dure nunger and cold. 

tKlKAN, ^ijyj H fi, ». Example for 

Kl-KASAKE,-rt*,-<a, #5^^^:^;^, ^ i, 
t.v. To wear many clothes one o?er ihe 

KiKASB,-rw,-^a, ^ij^/i^y ^ ^, Ctiust. 
ofKili. To inform, tell. kikfue wuarr, 
tell me. H^io ni hkaseU wa waruiy don't 
tell any body. Syn. uanasz. 

Ki-KATSZ, 4 * !/, fL J5, H. Hunger and 
thirst. — ni kunishimu. 

KlKAYB,-)-^M,-^a, ^ij^^j ^ ^, t.v. To 
change the clothes. Kimono ga nurda 
kara — , to change one's clothe? because 
they are wet. 

Kl-KAZARi,-rt^,-^^a, ^ij^fU, ^U, i.t. 
To adorn with fine clothinor. 

tKl-KEN'jO, ^^y-^-f^, ^ S JlR, «. 
Heaven. (Bud.) 

tKl-KKTSZ, ^r» 5^, ^ Jil, ». Vital spirits 
and blood. 

KiKi,-iM -i^a, ^^,^, tv. OT i.v. To 
hear, listen; to inquire, to perceive, to 
grant, or pejrmit ; to be efficacious, to have 
effect, power, strength, virtue, or influence; 
to be clever, acute, or expert. Mimide — , 
to hear with the ears. Jlcmashi wo — , to 
listen to what is said. Mono no nedan wo 
— , to inquire the price of anything. Don- 
na ga ktkimasm. master will not grant it. 
Kite mimasho, I will inquire about it 
Kwsri wa yoku kitay the medicine has had 
a good effect. Ikura shikatte mo kikimasm, 
scold as much as I may it has no effect 
Lnashime ga klta. the reproof was effica- 
cious. Kuji ga ktkanu, the nail took no 
hold. Te no kUa h'to^ a person handy or 
skilful at doing any thing. Me no kita Vto, 
a sharp sighted person. Sz ga yoku kiku^ 
the vinegar is sharp. A7ot wo — , to per- 
ceive an odor. 
. KlKl, ^ :^, g3, n. The effect, efficacy, in- 
j fluencc, virtue, strength. ImaMme no -r- 

ga ym\ the reproof had a good effect 
• KlKl-ATE,-r«,-;a, 4:^rrA', ^ #, Lt. 
To gue^5 by hearmg, to find out by hear- 

I KiKi-AWASE,-r«.-/tf, ^ ^ r^^/i^, ^y 

/.r. To inquire and find out. 
, KlKl-AYAllARl,-rt/,-//a, ^^7^^^, B3 
, ^, i.f. To make a mistake in hearing, 

not to hear eurrcctlv. 

Digitized by 


KIK # 

KIK # 


KiKi-CHiGAi,-aw,-a<ia, ^^^if7, ^ 
31, t*.r. (Idem). 

t.T. To find out by hearing. 

KlKl-GAKARi, * ^ ^* V , ^ ^, »'• The 
one entrasted with the hearing, the person 
who happened to hear. — wo dare da, 
who was it that heard it? 

KlKl-GAKI, #=^^*, B3#, n. A memo- 
randum, or note. — wo szruy to note 
down what one hears. 

KlKl-GAKU, ^^ff^,%^, n. Learn- 
ing got by hearing, learning by the 

KlKl-HADZSHI,-fi2,-s7i'fa, ^^^^N^^, E3 
5^, t.v. To miss in hearing, to fail to hear. 
Osolu kite seppo kihi-hadzsKta^ by being 
late I missed hearing the sermon. 

To consent to, allow, listen to, to heed. 

Tanrnnu koto kiki-iremasen^ would not lis- 
ten to the request. 
KiKl-KANE,-rw,-<a, ^Aij=f?^, ^ H, 

Disagreeable or hard to hear; hard to 

consent to. 
KlKlME, ^^:^y SI, n. Virtue, strength, 

efficacy. Kono kustri wa — ga migenu, 

this medicine has no strengtli. 

Kl-KIN, ^^y, fL M> w- l^i^nii'^e- 
KiKi-NAGASfli,-6-j:,-sA'ia, ^^'^ii'^, ^ 

^jtv. To hear but not to mind, lo take 

no notice of what is heard. 
KlKi-KA0SHi,-S2,-s/t'^a , ^^-ft^^y J& 

||[, t.v. To hear and correct, listen to so 

as to correct. 
KlKl-NARAI,-5,-0^rt, ^:^-^f 7, BS ^, 

t r. To learn by hearing. 
KiKi-NARE,-rw,-fa, ^^r-^^/i^, ^^» ^-v- 

To be accustomed to the hearing ot any- 

thinor, used to hearing. 
KlKI-NlKUl,-Kl,-KU,-U,-SHl, :^ ^ i ^ /[ , 

B3 M? Disagreeable to hear, offensive to 

the ear. 
KlKi-N0K0SHl,-sz,-sA7a, ^^r/3^, ^ 

S|, ^p. To omit the hearing of anything, 

to put off hearing. 
KlKi-OBOYE,-r«,-^a, ^:^:J-^:3i;u, 53 ft, 

<.r. To learn, or remember anything by 

hearing it. 

To Aiss hearing, to fail to hear what is 
said, to fail or forget to inquire about. 
KiKi'OYOBi.-lu^-nda, =^^^-3/, ^ J^, 
t.v. To get or attain to the hearing of 
anything, to be apprised of. 

^, t.v. To hear or inquire and deter- 
mine, to be confirmed in what one hears. 

To know by hearing. Or inquiry. 
KlKI-S0K0NAI,-o,-c<^^C7, ^r^V3-^7, ^ 

^, t.r. To hear incorrectly, mistake 

what one hears. 
KiKi-soNJi, -r«,-^a, =^=^ v^5^;^, EH St? 

KlKl-8ZMASHI,-SZ,-s/i'^a, ^r^^"^^, E3 

^, ^.r. To finish hearing, to hear and 

Kixi-szTE,-?-w,-^a, ^r+-^r;^, K J^, ^«'. 

To hear and take no notice of, not to 

KlKl-TADASHlj-SZj-sZt'^a, ^^^^^^ ^ 

IL, ^.r. To hear and judge of, to im^uiro 

and find out the truth of anything. 


KiKiTAGARi,-n^,-^^a, =lr=^^;*'/^J Fond of 

KiKl-TAGAYE,-rw,-^a, ^^^if^j^, ^, 

^, t.v. To hear incorrectly, mistake what 

is heard. 
KiKi-TATE,-r«,-^a, ^^^fj^, ^ j)r, 

t.v. To hear and determine the truth, to 

hear and find out. 
KlKI-TODOKl,-A-W,-/^a, ^4rf K^,E3JBi 

t.v. To hear fully, finish heariujir. 
KlKI-TODOKE,-rW,-^a, ^=*l-Kt;U, ^3, 

Jg, ^r. To permit, grant. 
KlKl-TOGAME,-rM,-^a, ^r * f ^V /l-, PS, 

^, ^.i;. To hear and reprimand, to cen- 
sure what one hears. 
KiKi-TORi,-rw,-^^«, ^ ^ f ;i-, E3 ®, U'. 

To understand or distinguish what is 

heard, to get or find out by inquiring, or 

listen inj^. 
KiKi-TSZKE,-r?;,-^a, ^r=^i5'^;^, ^ f»J', 

^^. To hear accidentally, to happen lo 

KlKl-TSZKURAI,-o,-^^a, ^r=^5'^p7, E^, 

^, t.v. To inquire and adjust, or rectify a 

KlKl-TSZKUSHI,-S2,-5/t'^a, =^^^;'^^, U^ 

^, ^r. To inquire about or hear any 

thing fully. 
KlKl-TSZTAYE,-r?^,-/a, =ir ^ 5^^ ^J^j Rfl 

^If , To hear from others, or i y tradi- 
tKl-KlU, ^^7, i^ ^, Danger, peril.— 

7/a, dangerous, perilous. — ni nozomu, to 

be in imminent peril. Syn. ayavi. 
tKl-KlU^ ^r^f ♦, ^ J^, n. A balloo... 

Syn. KUSKN. 
KiKi-wAKE,-rM,-/r/, ^:^7^/;t', 113 ^, 

Digitized by 



KIK * 

KIM # 

t.v. To hear and understand ; to inquire 

and distinguish. 
tKl-KlYO, ^^r3, M ^, (tacMu ) n. 

Standing or siuing, deportment, behaviour, 

manners. Syn. tacih-furumai. 
tKl-KlYO, ^^^^, SI IS? Returning to 

one's country. Syn. fukusato yk kayeru. 
KiKlYo, *^3^, ^^ g, w. A kind of 

flower. Platycodon granuiflorum. 
KlKKlYo, ^^^^^ •§ py, ». Lucky, or 

unlucky. Mono tco — wa sadamari-gata- 

9ht\ it is hard to decide when a thing is 

lucky or unlucky. 
Ki-k6, ^ 3 1>, -g; ^, = You, to an equal. 
tKl-KO, #3^, ^ ^, «. Climate. 

Syn. jlKd, y6 Ki. 
Kl-KOKU, #3^, |g ^^(hmiyelat/eru.) 

Returning to one's country. 
Kl-KOKU, ^=1^, ^^j n. A kind of 

Kl-KOX, ^ 3 ^, ^ :R, w. Energy, or 

vigor of body, strength. — ga tszgot, 

great vigor. — Mgoto, a work requiring 

a strong consiitutjoii. 
KlK0NASHI,-6fZ,-.sA'*^a, ^3-h^.^f5#; dress with neatness, or ta^te. 
KlKORI, ^aV ;Jt ^^ „, A WOod-chop- 

per, woodman. 
tKiKOSHlMESni,-.s2,-,v/<7a, ^zi-y;^^^ ^ 

-B, '-t"- To hear, (used only to superiors ) 

KlKOYE,-/«,-/ff, # 3 ai Jl., ig. Pass, 
and pot. of Kthu To be heard, to be 
known, celebrated. Ktlogeiiu koto wo tw, 
to say something senseless and absurd. 
Kilogeta h'tOy a celebrated person. 

KlKOYE, ^ 3 i, B|, w. Fame, celebri- 
ty, notoriety. — tro hahilaniy to shun 
noiorit^ty. — ga goi\ of eooii reputation. 


KlKU, ^^y SeeAVir/. 

KlKU, ^^, ^, »*. The Chrysanthimum. 

Kl-KU, =^^, M^^ (JiHnmatraM to ka- 
wza^n, — t\»uipa8S and square.) h. A 
rule, established custom, to which any 
ihing is to be conformcvi, or by which it 
is lo bo regulairvl. — //*/ taiinm^ the rule is 
useless. — wi* hafzi-rnr^ contrary to rule. 
— iro kftifzsz^ lo break the rule. 
Syn. sA-iiO, no ^^1KT, tk-uox, KAKr. 

KiKr-nzKi, ^^ys^, ^ J3, «• The 9;h 
nu mil 

Kl-Kr ;i, ^^^y }f: fr, «. A wooilen 

Kl-KUl-MTSRl, ^^h>V. TJC S, M. A 
kind of iustvi ihal bon-s in wihhI. 

KiKriTAPAKU ^ ^ >f ^ ^' ^, H A k-i;! 
of small bini. 

tKiKU-MON,-«zrtt, ^^^y, |j| P3, To 
judge, to examine (a prisoner). Tizmi- 
bito tco — , to examine a prisoner. 
Syn. GIMMISZRU, saibaxszbc, tabasz. 

fKl-KUN, ^^^, fi; :g, = You, (res- 

Ki-KURAGE, ^^:?y, /fc5, n. A kind 
of fungus which grows from the bark of 

Ki-k'wa, ^r^7, @ ifc, Becoming a cit- 
izen or subject of another country; 
changing one's allegiance. -— Kippvn ni 

— szruj to become a subject of the Japan- 
ese Government. 

Ki-k'wai-NA, ^r ^ 7 4 -^, ^ '^, w. Abom- 
inable, disagreeable. — gatsz, 


Kl-MAKURA, ^^^7,'^^yfi^ A wood- 
en pillow. 

Kl-MAMA, *^^, ^ ^t, SclfiPh, self-wUl- 
cd, having one's own way, follo\^nng one's 
own convenience or pleasure. 


Kl-MAMORl, ^r-^^ V , ^ ^, w. Fruit left 
on a tree after the fruit is gathered. 

KiMARi.-n(,-^^rt, :^^/^5 :g, /.r. Tol»e 
fixed, settled, determined, definite, sun^, 
certain, neg. Kimaranaiy not sure, not 
fixed. Yokujo ga kimatia^ the treaty is 
settled. Kimari ga uaiy not fixed, uncer- 
tain. Syn. SADAMARC. 

Klil-BAN. ^y^^y, m ^, Leaving one's 
family at home to be engaged in official 
duty in another place. — izru. — motw. 

KlME, ^p*. 38, ». The texture. Eawano 
— . the texture of the skin. — gakoma- 
kaiy the texture is fine. — ho$oi\ (idem.j 

— arat\ coarse in texture. Syn. Ji-Ai, 


KlME.-rw,-/(7. =^>?';^,3g, /. r. To fix, 
.<ettle, I'stablish. s«*t, determine, to make 
sure. AV<y<7« tco — , to fix a price. Hidori 
tro — , to st»t a tiny, sadameki*. 

KlMK,-rM,-/«. ^jifi^, }^ ^, ijT. To rep- 
rimand. S4H>ld, Oi*n>ure, n*proa**h. Jl^t^ 
tco — . SnuTO«AMEur, xoxosiURr, shi- 
kar r. 

Kl-MEJ, ^J^4, S^^jH. End of mourn- 
ing. — HO vtt rrt ni drntosJi'ta, 

tKl-MEN, =t>^ ^, ;ft ®. = You, respet^t- 

KlME-T?ZKE,-rM,-^rt, ^;^f^^rJf^^^ 
/. r. To reprimamL >cold, ecusurt*, tv- 

KlMl, # ^ , -g, It. I»nl. master. 

KlMK ^ ^ . ^ l^c. «. The stme of one's 
nun«U «»r^ Ktmi uyitndv moho vo 
Z^. lo tal any thing \s'aU a firling uf 

Digitized by 


KIN ^ 

KIN ^ 


doubt, or dread. — uarvkufune wo noru^ 
to sail in a boat with feelings of alarm, or 
dread. — ga yot, to feel easy, comfortable, 
and free from alarm. 


KiMl, ^ $ , n. The yolk of an (t^g. 

Kl-MUlKAI,-KI,-KU, ^ll^-hA, ^ ^, 
Quick-tempered, irascible, easily provo- 
ked. Syn. TAN-Ki. 

fKl-MlTSZ, ^X ''/y^'^^'n. K secret. — 
wo marasZy to divulge a secret. 
Syn. MiTSz-Ji. 

Kl-MlYO, ^X>f^, ^ j^y Marvellous, 
wonderful, strange, adniirable, remark- 
able, curious. — na morw, a marvellous 
thing. — wt, wonderfully. 


KlMMOTSZ, ^y^^y, ^ il^,n. Prohibited 
tilings, tlungs forbidden to be eaten, (as in 

KiM-MUKU, ^yJ>^^, j^ ^, n. Pure 

KlMO, =lr^, ]J§, n. Liver, (met.) courage, 
bravery. — noftoi hHo, a man of courage. 
— 710 hosoiy cowardly. — wo iszhusz, 
(met.) astonished, thundei*struck. — wo 
Myasz. — mo kesz, (idem.) 

KiMO-liu, =lf ^ ^ V , Bf ]!^> w. Assistance, 
aid; one to whom especially the care, or 
superintendence of any thing belongs. 
JJ^io ni — wo szruy to render aid, or 
ai<sistance to another. Syn. sewa. 

Kl-MOX, ^^y, % P^, w. The north east, 
from which an evil hifluence is supposed 
to come. — ni atarUj to face towards the 
N.E. — yoke ni kami wo matszrv, 

KiMOXO, ^^/, ^ ^, w- The long robe 
worn by the Japanese ; clothing. 

KlM-PAKXJ, ^y^^^, ^ ?g, «. Gold-leaf. 

KlM-PEl, ^^y^4, # ^, (kin no go hei.) 
w. Gold-leaf, or gilt paper hung in Mi- 
yas to represent the Kami. 

Kni-l>EN, >^-<^, 3£ j|^, n. Neighbor- 
hood, vicinity. Kono — , this neighbor- 
hood. Yedo no — , the vicinity of Yedo. 

KiM-PUN, ^y-fy.^l^, n. Gold-dust. 

l|KlMUSAl,-KI,-KU, ^r-«^^^>^, ^?i|, Dis- 
agreeable, offen.sive, disgusting. 

KlMUDZKASHll,-Kl,~KU, ^ J>^ ^^ ij t^ A ^ 
Tr}'ing to the temper, tedious. 

KlMUSzME, ^r -«^ ^ > , JS ifc, A chaste 

Kix, i^y^ ^, «. Gold. — de hoshlrayei-u^ 
made of gold. — no, golden. 

Kix, :^y, Jf , w. A catty = IJ lb. avoir- 

tKlN, +^, 1^, (koto), n. A harp. — wo 

dandz)'Uy to play on a harp. 
Kis,^y, ^ ^, n. The scrotum, also 

testicles. Syn. inxO, kintama. 
KlN', ^ y^ ^', n A kind of gong or tim- 
brel, used in Bud. temples. Syn. kki. 
Kl-NAGAl,-Kl,-KU, ^-^ ^A, i^ 1g, 

Easy, and calm in temper, deliberate. 
KlNAl, or Go-KlNAl, =^-^>f , ^ ft, The 

five provinces of Yamashiro, Yamato, 

Kawachi, Idzmi, Settsz. — hen, the re- 
gion of Miyako. 
KlNAKA, *-^5^, ^ 3it, w. Half a zeiii. 
KiNAKiNA, ^f-^*-^, n. Quinine. 
KiNA-KO, ^-^3, ^ j^, n. A kind of food 

made of beans. 
Kl-NAN, ^^y, ^ |g, w. Danger, peril, 

disaster. — »i*aw, to be in great jeopardy. 

Syn. AYAUi. 
KlNCHAKKIRI, ^y^^^^\). tfl ^ -gj, 

n. A cnl-purse, a pickpocket. 

Syn. szRi, cuiBO. 
KlNCHAKU, ^y^^^, rfj ^,w. Apurse. 
KlN-CHlu, ^y^^y *| 4** w. In the Mi- 

kado's palace. 
tKlN-CH5, :^;/f^^,|g|(|, n. Curtains 

of embroidered work. 
tKlN-CHo,#y^^^, ^ ff. Swearing or 

confirming a promise by striking swords; 

or where one party is a woman, by 

striking the sword across the back of a 

mirror. — szru. 
KiNDAcMi, ^ y^^, ^ 5i, A prince, the 

son of a Daimio. 
KlN-DAX, ^^y^y^^ gf, ft. Prohibition, 

KlN-DEi, ^yf4, ^m, n. A kind cf 

gilt paint. 
KlNDZRU, :^^j^;u, SeeKmju 
KlNDZKURI, ^y^/^\), ^fi^, n. Gold 

mounted, wrought of L'old, (as a scab- 

KlNE, ^:f^ j^^ fu The mallet used in 

pounding rice, a pesile. 
Kl-NEN, k=^y^ ff;!^? w- Prayer, peti- 

tion. — icokakeruy to ofler up a prayer. 
tKlN-c.AKU,-5zrM, ijyff^,^^, (tszto- 

mete marutha). To study, to learn dili- 
tKlK-GEN, ^r^y^, ^ "s, ( tsztszshinde 

most), llcspectfully said, (al the close of 

a letter), = respectiully your, tfcc. 
KlN-GEN, ^ y^y, ^ '•§•, n. Golden 

sayin<r, wise maxim, or precept. — wo iu, 
KlNGlN, ^y^y, ^IR, «. Gold and 

silver; money. 
KlX-ciYO, ^y^^, ^ ,ffi, n. Gold-fish. 

Digitized by 



KIN * 

; KIN * 

tKm-GlYOKU, ^r^^3^»^5» ^- ^.^'^ 

and pearls. — no kotoboj wise maxims 

or precepts. 
KlN-GO, ^yf^y j|£ %. (chikakisatoj.n- 

Neighboring village. 
KlN-GOKU, :S^y=f^, 5£ g, (chilaJd hi- 

ni), n. Neighboring slates or provinces. 
Kl-NICHI, ^:^^, jgl 0, n. The day of 

the month on which a person has died. 
tKi-NiN, ^=.y, ;g: A» (tcutoli Kto). 

Honorable person, of high rank. 
KiNJi,-c?2:ri^,-fa, djr^^X/u, *g, Uu To 

prohibit, forbid, interdict. Bahiyeki wo 

— , to prohibit gambling. 


KlSJlTZ, ^yi^'^yjg 0, ( chikai hi X 

Soon, in a few days, a lew days past. 
KlN-JO, ^>i^3, i£ ^, (chikaJcitokaro). 

n. Neighborhood, vicinity. 
Kik-jo-k6-tei, ^yi^^^^V^r^, ^ 

JL ^ il^7 n. The present Emperor. 
tKlN-JU, ^y-P^y # 9c» (Torikedamo- 

no), n. Birds and beasts. 
KiN-jU, d^^i?^, J£ ^, w. A" attendant 

of a Noble. 
KlN-KAN, ^yijy^ ^#? «• Thekum- 

kwai. Citrus japon ica. 
KlN-KEI, ^y^4, ^^j n. The golden 

KlN-KiN, * ^+ ^, 5JC 5£, cdc. Soon, in a 

short time. 
tKlN-KO, *^3, ^U, n. Gong and 

KiN-KO, #^3, j$ ^9 ^* Bich-de-mer. 
KlN-KON, ^y^y, ^ij^, n: A tendon. 
KlN-KOTSZ, ^ya:/, ^ #, Bone and 

sinew. — szkoyaka, 
KlN-KU, ^r ^^ , il -^5 n. Anything said 

which is offensive, insulting, or wounding 

to the feelings. — wo iu na, don't say 

offensive things. 
KlN-NEK, ^y^y,lg if, (chihahi ioshij 

71. Few yem-s past, late years, recent 

KlNO, +/7, B^ 0, n. Yesteixky. 


KlNODOKU, +/ K^, ^ ;J: ^, n. Sor- 
row, or concom for others. ■ — ni omo^ to 
feel sorry for another. — no koto, some- 
thing concerning another for which one 
feels sorry. — nagara o tanomi'inoshimasy 
I am sorry to trouble you, but I have a 
request to make. 

KiNOKO, ^ / 3, ^, «. A kind of mush- 
room, or fungus which grows from the 
bark of trees 

KiNOKOMORi,-rw,-<^a, ^p/3^;^, |g ^, 

I. V. Confined, close, unventilated. JKtno- 

komoru tokorOj a close place. 
KiNOMB, + y-?' , TfC ^, n. The bud of a 

KlNOMl, * y ^ , tJ; ff, «. The fruit of a 

KlN-BAI, +^f ^, i£ ^, adv. Of late, 

recently. Syn. cuikagoro. 
KlN-RAN, ^y^y, ^ ^,n, A kind of 

gold brocade. 
KiN'-Ri, ^ ;/ V , *g ^, n. The palace of 

the JVIikado. Kmri-samaj the ADkado. 

Syn. DAIRI. 
tKlN-RlN, ^y\) y, j£ SI, (chtkahi tona- 

riy) n. Neighborhood, vicinity. 

Syn. TONARi. 
KlX-SATSZ, ^y-^^:^, *g ;ft ? «• A prohib- 
itory edict, (written on a board.) 
KlN-SEl, 4^ ^-k>i , jl£ it, «. The present 

age, recent or modern times. 
tKlN-SEl, * ^-fe ^ , ^ g, n. The planet 

KlN-SEN, ^yty, ^ ^, (kin to zenu) 

Gold and copper coin ; money. 
tKlN-SHA, ^yi^^y ^#;«- Gold dust. 
KlN-SHl, ^ yi/y ^ t^y n. Gold-thread. 
tKlN-SHl, =* >^, 1^ ft, n. Duty, official 

employment, service. 

tKlN-SHl, ^r ^5^, ^ Jt, w. Prohibiting, 

stopping, forbidding, inteixlicting. — «rm, 

to prohibit. 
Km-SaiTSZ, ^yS/^/yl^^^yn. The harp 

and harpsicoi-d. 
Kix-SHO, ^yy^^y j3fj[ ^, n. Inflamma- 
tion. — szrUy to be inflamed. Ilaino 

— , inflammation of lungs. 
KlN-SHOKU, ^yiy3i^^ ^i^i^ Golden 

KlN-SHU, ^ y-y^y ^ i£, n. The person 

who supplies the capital in any business. 
KlN-SHU, ^yu:x^ ^ f5) ^'- Leaving 

off the use of ardent spirits. — wtm, to 

leave off, &c. 
Kis-so, ^r^^^15r, ^ H, n. An incised 

wound. Syn. kIri-kidz. 
KlN-SOKU, ^y^^y '^%,y(aihiwoimG' 

shimenu) Forbidden to leave the house, 

confined to the house, (as a punishment. 

— wo moshi'tszkertL 
jKlN-SOX, ^yyy, Jtt #> (cldkaki ww- 

ra.) A neighboring town, or village. 
KiNSZ, ^y^y ^ ^,n. Money. 
KlN-SZNA-fiO, ^y^-^=^j^f^^yn. A 

kind of wall paper sjiotted wnth gold. 

Digitized by 


KIR ^ 

KIR * 


KiN-TAMA, ^y^-^, ^XyTi. Testicles. 
Sjn. innO. 

KlN-TEI, ^^94, ^ 1^, 71. Theinclo- 
sure of the Mikado's palace. 

KiNTO, + ^ > ♦ , J| ^, Used only in the 
phrase^ Gfo-kin-tOj in complimenting an- 
other for promptness, or exactness in pay- 
ing money, or returning a borrowed thing. 

KiN-TON, ^yyy, g fife , n. A kind 
of confectionary. 

KlNU, #^, ^ ^j neg. of jKi, klru, not 

tKlN-u, +:^^, i^ .%, (hanenotori.) The 
golden bird, a name given to the sun. 
Syn. NiCHi-RiN. 

KiNU, ^r-sf , H, w. Silk-goods. 

KiNU-BAKi, :^j?^ty, 3^51, n. Glazed 
or spread with silk, (as screens, lanterns, 

KlKU-CHUlMI, ^rJ?fr^ $1 IS, n. A 
kind of silk stuff. 

KlNUKE, ^j?», ^ ^, Idiotic, foolish, 
wanting intelligence. Kinuke na h'to^ an 
idiotic person. 

KlNUTA, ^jt^^ Jl, n. A maUet for ful- 
ling cloth. 

KlN-ZAI, fty^4, 3£ ^5, n. Neighbor- 
hood, vicinity, or the coimtry near any 

KiN-ZEI, #;^^//f , *| -Jij, n. Forbidden, 
prohibited, interdicted — azru. 


tKlN-ZEN-TO, ^^^yiy^H^yOdv. Joy. 

Kl-OCHI, ^r^f, if iS, «. Despondency, 
loss of hope or courage, dejection. — ya 
8zru, to despond. 

Kioi,-o,-d^a, =¥^7, JS, t-v- To strive 
to excel, to emulate, to rival. 


tKi-OKU, ^i^^,^^, n. Memory, re- 
memb.-ance. — no yoi KtOy a person of 
good memory. — wfrw, to commit to mem- 
ory. Syn. OBOYE. 

Ki-OKTTKE, +^^i>, ^ :^, n. Losing 
one's presence of mind, forgetting one's 
self. Bihkuri sh^te — ga shHa, to be "alarm- 
ed and lose one's presence of mind. 

wo hi,) To eat food. 
KlRA, :^;^^ ^ ^^ ^ Gorgeous or splen- 
did clothing. — wo kazaru^ to adorn with 
gorgeous clothing. 

KlRABlYAKA, ^^h'^i,, j|g, GoFgeoUS, 
splendid. — ni ifvhi tea aratame. 

KiRADZ, ^7^/, 8 ?g ^, n. The refuse 
isft in making tofu. 

KiRADZ, KlRANU, OrKlRANAl, :^^^, /^ 
•^J, Neg. o( Ktru, not cut. 

KiRAi,-5 or a2^,-a^^a, *^7, j§, <.v. To 
dislike, to regard with aversion, disrelish, 
or disgust. Tabaho wo — , to dislike to- 
bacco. Kciho wa kemuri tea — , smoke is 
disagreeable to silkworms. Sake wa kirai 
de gozarima^, I do not like r.rdent spirits. 

KlRA-KlRA-TO, *-?^f , J:i Jti, adv. Glit- 
teringly, sparklingly, brilliantly. Boshi 
ga — hikarv, the stars sparkle. 

KlRA-KIRASHII,-KI,-KU, * •? * ^ J^^t , JI, 

J^, Having a glittering, or sparkling 

KlRAKU-NA, *^^-h, ^ Ul, a. Merry, 

light-hearted, iree from care. 
tKlEAKU, ^^^ 1$ ^, Returning to 

KlRAMEKl,-iw,-l7a, *-9^^, Bf,t>. To 

j^'litter, sparkle, shine, flash. Inabikari ga 

kiramekiwataruy the lightning flashed 

across (the sky.) Syn. uikaku, tkrasz, 


KiRARA, :^ff, ^ -Ifr, n. Talc, mi:a. 

KlRARA-GAMI, ^f ^ ;5^5 , g # |g, W. 
A kind of paper. 

KiRARE,-rw.-^a, #fi>;^, fJt ^? Pass.' 
or pot. of Kiru, To wear, to be worn, can 
wear, or can be worn. JCirarenu, cannot 

KlRARB,-rw,--ia, ^f\y;i^j ^ -gj, Pass, 
or pot. oi Kiru, To be cut by another; can 
cut. Kiraremiy cannot be cut. 

KlRATSZKl,-/^?i,-t^a, ^^1^^. i.r. Glit- 
tering, shining, sparkling. 

KlRAWARE,-rw,-^a, ^^>\\yj\^, ^ ^, 
Pass, of Ai>m. To be disliked, or shun- 
ned by others. 

KlRAWASHIl,-Kl,-KU, ^^^^'^4,1^, Dis- 
agreeable, unpleasant, odious. 


KlRE, ^ I/, n. A piece, bit, scrap (of cloth 
or paper.) Momeuj kami nado no kire. 

KlRE,-n^,-^a, ^i/A', 9f, iv. To be bro- 
ken, severed, stopped, spentjfrayed, parted ; 
can cut. Ito ga ktreru, the yarn, or thread 
is brokan. Ori-me ga kireruy the edge of 
the fold is frayed. Nawa ga — , the rope 
has parted. Yen ga — , the relationship is 
broken ofi". Kono katanayoha — » this sword 
is sharp. Sono katana de ki ga kireru ka^ 
can you cut wood with that knife ? Iki ga 
kireru, he has slopped breathing. Kawa 
ni mid3 ga kireta^ the river is dry. JIHo- 
dori ga kirefa^ people have censrd passing 
along. Ahura ga kirete hi ga kigeru, the 
lamp has gone out for want of oil. 

Digitized by 



KIR # 

KIR # 

KlRE-GlRE, ^\y^\y, ||f ig|, w. Pieces. 

KlREI, ^ri^^f, -^ M' «• Clean, clear, 
pure, beautiful, neat. Ktrei-na mtrfsr, clean 
water. Ktrei-na hmonOycXe^w^ or beauti- 
ful clothes. Ktrei-na hanaj vl beautiful 
flower. Kirei-ni soj'i wo szni, sweep it 
clean. Syn. isagiyoi, keppaku, utsz- 


KlREME, ^tx^, ^ g, n. The indenta- 
tions in the edge of a leaf, saw, file, 4cc. 
Ha no — 5 

KiRE-MONO, ^iy=e^, ^ Hfyy n. Cutiinjr 
instruments, edged tools. 

KiREPPASH*, ^xy^yy^y, n. A piece, bit, 
scrap, (of paper cloth, board. &c.) Ni^igen 
no — , only a piece of a man, (in con- 

KlRl, ^ \) , §^, n. A gimlet, an awl,a drill. 
-^ ton mo77iUy to turn a gimlet. 

fof^gy. — ^a tatszj idem. — ^a tanahikUj 
a fog spreads over. 

KlRI, ^ \) , n. The circles in a target. Icki 
no — 5 the centre ring of a target. 

KlRI, ^ V , •^, w. A stop, period, end ; 
only; an act of a play. — ya nai, unlimited, 
endless. Kari kiriy this is all I have, or 
only this and no more. Hon ni — wo 
tszkeruj to make punctuations or stops in 
a book. Tanomi kiri no Kto, the only 
person one depends on. Nenkiri hoko, a 
fixed period of service. Sore kiri yame 
ni sKta^ he stopped after that, Shihai too 
Kto kiri miru^ to see one act of a play. 
Syn. KAGiKi. 

KlRl, * V , <@, 7u A kind of tree. Paul- 
lownia imperialis. 

KlRI, KlRU, KlTTA, ^;i-, ^jU\ To cut, 
to sever, divide ; affixed to the roots of 
verbs signifies that the action expressed 
by the verb is finished, or ended, Kuhi 
wokint^ to cut off the head. Katana de 
— , to cut with a sword. Imp. Kire. Subj. 
Kiraha, Kono lion wo yomikitfa^ I have 
finished reading this book, Ikiniy to 
finish saying. Yen wo — , to sever a con- 

Kiui-Ai,-aw,-affa, ^^)r7, ^^, i.v. 
To fight together with swords, to cut 
each other. 

KlRE-AKE,->-2^,-fa, ^ i; 7^)^y -gj ^, U\ 
To cut open. 

KlRl-AME, 4r V T;< , H ^, n. A rnist, fine 
rain drizzling rain. 

KlRI-AWASE,-rw,-^(7, ^ \) r/N-fe'i^, -^ ^, 
r. To cut and fit together, to fight together 
with swords. 

KiRi-CHiRAsm,-52,-5A'^a, ^rVf 7;^ •©, 

^, t.v. To cut and scatter. 
KlRl-DORl, ^ V K i; , -gj ^, n. Killing nnd 

robbing. — szru^ to kill and rob. — godo, 

a murdering robber. 
KlRl-DoSHl, ^y Yis-y, -gj 5§, «. A deep 

road cut through a mountain. 
KlRlFU, ^\}7,1^m„ n. Spotted with 

black and white. Syn. madaua. 
KlRl-FUSE,-?'W,-^a, ^r V.7 -t/i-, ^% 

tv. To cut down. 
KlRl-GlRlSZ, +1MV;^, ^, w. A cricket. 
KlRl-HANASHl,-<«2,-s/i7a, ^ V ^N-h 5^, 

"© ]tt> ^' ^' '^^ cut apart, separate by 

KiRi-HARAi,-a?«,-a«a, =^ V ^^-^T, -gj ^, 

t V, To cut and clear away, (as an ob- 
KlRI-HlRAKI,-Z:t^,-t^a, ^ V 1 7 >^ , U H, 

t.v. To cut open, to clear off by cutting 

down trees, fee. 
KiRi-iRi,-r?^,-^^a, ^M/i^, ^ K, '•^• 

To cut and enter, to cut a way into. 
KiRi-iSHi, =¥ iM 5^, -gj ;&, w. Cut-stone, 

KlRl-KATA, ^\}ij^y^^, w. A mark 

made by cutting. 
KlRl-KIDZ, * i; ^x^, ^ 3(l£, n. An incised 

wound, a cut. 
KlRl-KlRl, ^ V * i; , .^ UJ, adv. Quickly, 

speedily ; in a cuttmg manner. — the 

koijgo quickly. — iatCy clciir out quickly. 

— itamif to pain, or smart severely. Koma 

ga — mau^ the top spins round. 
KiRi-KiRi TO,^ i; # i; }. ^adv. The creaking 

sound of a bow when drawn to ii3 

utmost. Yumi wo — Mkiskiboru. 
KlRl-KlSHl, ^V^-^, ^^, n. A bank 

cut and walled up. 
KiRl-KiZAMl,-??it^,-7icZa, ^\) ^^'J>^,^ 

^, t.v. To cut fine. 

KlRI-KAKARI,-?'?<,-«a, ^ \)i3i3)V, -gj^, 

i.v. To begin to cut, to be about to cut. 
KlRlKO, ^r V 3, ^ 1^, ,i. A figure with 

the corners squared, cutglass. * 
KlRlKOjo, ^\} ^i^l^^-^/j -^ P J:, n. 

A formal, or precise way cf speaking. — 

de mono wo tie 
KiHi-KOMi,-??iW,-wcZa, #y^-fe, in 3i, 

t.v. To cut into, to cut and fit (as limber 

for building.) 
KlRI-KOROSHl,-52,-57i'^a, ^]) =ip^,^^ 

^, t.v. To slay, to kill by cutting. 
KlRl-KUCHI, ^r y ^ -f-, •© P, n. The 

mouth of a wound, the place where any 

thing is cut. 

Digitized by 


KIR # 

KIS ^ 


fif-, Lv. To cut something hard into fine 

pieces, chop fine. 
KiRi-KUDZSHi,-sz,-s/i'^a ^ V ^ y ^ , •iU 

^j tv. To hew down, to cut and de- 
KlRl-MAl, ^ V •^>i , -gl ?|5, n. Rice-rations 

paid to inferior officers, or soldiers. 

Syn. FUciilMAi 
KlRl-MB, ^i/>, fij @,n. A cut, the mark 

of a cut. 
KlRl-MOMl, =* M 5 , it 8^> w. Boring 

with a gimlet, or drill. — wo szru, to 

bore with a gimlet. 
KiRlN, ^; y, JS JH, «. A fabulous ani- 
mal, said not to tramp on Jive insects, or 

to eat live grass. 
KiRiN-KETsz. +i;;^»>^, IK J^ jgi, n. 

Dragon's blood. 
KiRi-NABiKE,-n^,-ia, * y •^ t' »;i^, l||f ^, 

Lv. To bring into subjection with the 

KiRi-NOKE,-n«,-^a, ^\)^^;\^, -© Jg, 

To cut and make one's escape. 
KlRl-0T0SHI,-S2,-«/i'<a, e^\):Jt\' y^ ^^j 

Lv. To cut down, of anything suspended. 
KiRi-SAKi,-/.-tt,-^a, ^V^^^, ^ ^, t.v. 

To rip, or cut open, (as the abdomen,) 
Kirish'tak, ^jt^^y, -© '^ ^JJ, «. 

KiRi-soGi,-<jrw,-tfa, ^ \) y ^, ^.p. To 

cut, to shaye, or whittle, to cut across 

KiRT-szTB,-rw,^a, ^\)^ r/^, -^ ^, ^.r. 

To cut and throw away, to kill Mid leave. 
KlRl-TA0SHI,-S2,-s/i7a, =^ V ^ 7 ^ , -^ ^, 

t.r. To cut down anything standing. 
KiRlTB, ^ i; r , •© ^, «. The slayer, kil- 
ler, murderer. 
KiRi-TSZKE,-rw,-fa, ^Vi^^/i-, -gj f»J-, 

^.r. To engrave on, to cut iuto (as letters 

on a stone), to cut 
KlRI-TSZKUSHl,-S2,-s/i7a, ^t)-;^^^ ^, 

^, Lr. To kill and exterminate. 
KlRlTSZ-KlRARETSZ, =lr V iJ' ^ *? i^ 5^, <r(/r. 

To cut and get cut, in fighting; to kill and 

be killed. 
KlRlYO, ^i;^^, §g ;ft, w. Capacity, 

ability, talent, genius. — 710 nai h'io, a 

person of no talent. Syn. chiye, saf. 
KlRlYo, ^ 1;^^, ^ ^, w. Countenance, 

— no yoi orma^ a beautiful woman. 

Syn. t6bo, mimk. 
KlRiYoKU, ^^^^y^ij, n. Natural 

vigor, foree, strength, or energy of mind 

or body. — ga iszyoi. 

A X 

KlRO, =^P, ^ iS, n. A kind of light silk 

tKl-RO, ^rT^, IS ^,{kiyerxmichi),n. The 
road back, the way home. 

tKl-RO, ^^^, 'Si ^^ [tattoki rojin). = 
you, in speaking to an elder. 

KiRo, or KiRAU, ^^7, jt, Sec Kirai. 

Kl-ROKU, ^^^,|B^, n. A record, 
history, chronicle, journal. — ni noseruj 
to record in a journal. Syn. kiu-ki. 

KlRU, ^;\^, ^, To wear, see Ki. 

KlRU, ^r/^, •©, To cut, see Kiri. 

tKlRUl, ^r/i-*, iK li, w. Clothing. 

tKl-8AI, ^-^^y ^^,« Extraordinary 
ability. — na h'iOj a man of uncommon 

KlSAKl, ^-^^y J^n. Empress. 

KiSAMA, ^-^J-^, S:|||, You, in address- 
ing an inferior. 

Kl-SAN, ^-^y, ^ ]li, To come back, re- 
turn. Hohonin yoyaku — gd dekita^ the 
servant was at last received back again, 
(into his place). 

Ki-SANJI, ^-^yi^, ^ ^, n. Recreation, 
diversion, amusement. SyT\. naousami, 


KlSARAGl, #-*f7^, in ^5 «. The second 
month. Syn. kigatsz. 

tKi-SAT8z, *-»^ :?', Jt tU r<> t^gcmi). = 
your letter. 

KiSE,-r2^,-^a, ^^jx^y ^, tv. To put on, 
(as clothes), dress up, to overlay, to plate. 
Kimono wo Kto ni kiserUy to put clothing 
on another. Kin wo — , to plate with 
gold. Tosegi nite — , to veneer with dif- 
ferent kinds of wood. On wo — , to bestow 
kindness. JTm-i-i^tf, gold-plated. Ginli- 
se, silver-plated. 

tKl-SEI ^ -t ^ , 5g| iS, Rare, strange, un- 

Kl-SEl, ^-t^, If IJ-, (imri cJnkauJ, n. 
A vow. — szruy to vow. 

KiSE-KAKE,-.r«-<a, ^^ij^fi^y ^ ^, 
t.v. To lay over, cover overf to iraput", 
charge with, attribute. B'to ni tszmi wo 
— , to charge another with crime. 

Kl-SEN, =^-fe^, Jl;^, (tatoR iyaMhi). 
High and low, noble and plebian, honor- 
able and mean. 

KlSERU, :^-h;u, jg fif, n. A tobatco pipe. 

— 7io gankuhi, the bowl of a tobacco-pipe. 

— no rao, tho bamboo tube of a tobacco- 

KlSHl, ^ -y, ^, w. A bank, a wall, a cliff. 

— no Jdwa, the edge of a bank. 
Ki^uiyii-inn-nda, ^'yu^i.v. To stick 

Digitized by 



KIS f 

KIT y 

or nib in moving, not to move or work 
eiisily or freely, to move with much 
inetion, to creak. To ga kishimu^ tlie door 
stick*. Hihidashi ga Jcishinde haircmuj 
the drawer sticks and will not go in. Abu- 
ra ICO tszkereha Icishima nai, if you lubricate 
it with oil, it will not stick. 

Kl-SHJN, ^'yy,^^,n. Contributions, or 
offerings to temples. — szru, — no seshuj 
one who makes an offering. Syn. KIfu. 

Kl-SHlRl,-rMj-f^a, ^^'/u, ]g, w. To rub, 
or grate against, to creak. Funahata 
wo — . to grate against each other, as two 
ships lying along side, and moved with the 

Kl-SUITSZ, ^'y^^.^^.n. Natural tem- 
perament, nature, constitution, disposition. 
— no warui h'to. Sjti. umahetszki, ta- 
cui. , 

tKl-SHO, ^5^3, Jt ^, = Your house, 
also you. — sama^ you. 

Kl-SHO, ^'y^^, ^ H, «. Natural dis- 
position, character, temper. Out demo toUe 
kui'80 na — da. 

Kl-SHOKU, ^^'H^, ^ -&, 7^. Feelings, 
spirit.'^, health. — ga warui, to feel un- 
well. — ga got, to be cheeiful. 


Kl-SHOMON, =^ ^^ ^^ ^, fe ft 3:, n. An 
indenture, a written contract, bond. 
Syn. SEisni. • 

Ki-SRVKU, -szm, ^5^^^, ^ ?g, To 
lodge, sojourn, board, or dwell for a short 

Kl-SHUKU-Niy, ^'y^^:=.y, ^ ig ^, 
w. A lodger, boarder, sqjoui-ner. 

KlSOI,-o,-^^«, ^rVy, S£, t.r. To emu- 
late, compete, strive to excel, contend for 
mastery. Tagai-ni Inigei wo — . 
Syn. Kioi, AiiAsoi. 

Kl-SOKU, ^V^, ^ HiJ, w. A rule, pre- 
cept, maxim, law. — wo tateni, to make 
a rule. 

KissAKJ, ^ ^M^, ^, n. The point of a 

tKlSsHlN, ^^ryy, "g ^,w. a lucky day. 

KissHim TO, ^^ry\)y,adv. Tightly, 

closely. Hah) ni — tszmekomu. to [)ack 
tightly in a box. Syn. katakl', shik- 


KlKS0,*^^-9-^, ^^, n. The expres- 
sion of the face, countenance. — 2co ha- 
gem, to change countenance. 
Syn. KEsniKi. 

KlSSo, ^^^'-i^^. -^ie, ;/. Good news, joy. 
ful tidinjrs. 

KlSZ, ^^,n. A kind of fish. 

KlsZGO, ^;*3r, n. A kind of small fish. 

Kl-SZRU,^r^;i^, g|, n. To obey, become 

subject to. 
tKl-SZRU, ^^;^, IB, (shi'ruszj tv. To 

record, write down. 
tKl-SZRU, ^^;i/, ^, tv. To put on, 

clothe, dress, overlay, cover. 

Syn. KiSERU. 
KlTA, ^r^, 4t» n. North. Kiia no ho, 

north side or region. Kita haze, north 

wind. A'lVa ^a/t/i;M, (idem.) Sya,uoKU, 

NE NO n^, 
KiTA, ^y\^, pret, of A7K 
Kita, ^r ^ , pret. of Ki, hum. 
KlTA-GOCHl, ^^=f^, 4t ^ S, n. North- 

east wind. 
KlTAFU, ^A^7^,n. One who makes a 

show, or pretends to know or be what he 

is not, a boaster, braggadocio. 
Kl-TAI, ^r^>f, fl {^,(Yoniniarenakto.) 

Strange, rare, uncommon, wonderfiil. Ki- 

tai na koto, a strange thing. 


K iTAi,-o,-a«a, =^ ^ 7 , iS, ^. r To foi^ 
iron, to temper iron by pounding it. 

KlTAl-GANE, ^9\Lif=^y^^, n. Tem- 
pered, or wrought iron. 

Kl-TAKU, ^^^, |§ ^, (lye nikagem) 
To return home. 

KlTANABlRE,-?n/,-^a, =lr^-^t'w^, i-r. 
To be dirty, foul, mean, base, or low. 

KlTANAl,-Kl,-KU,-0,-SHI, ^^-^4, ||, 
Dirty, foul, fiUhy, (tig.) mean, base, des- 
picable. Syn. bir6, kegare, yooore. 

KlTA-NO-KATA, ^ ^ ^ fj ^ , ^ i. % ». 

Northern du'ection; also the wnfe of a 

KiTARi,-rw,-<^a, ^^;u, Jjj, i.v. To come. 

Kitaru toshi, the coming year, next year. 

Kitaru jil-go nichiy the coming fifteenth 

day of the month. S}ii. Kuuu. 
KiTCHo, ^ y f ♦ , "g ^[S, (got shirase > 

A lucky omen. 
Kite, :^/f r, ppr. of KiH 
Kl-TEN, ^ry,^1^, Intelligent, quick 

10 perceive. — no kita Kto, a person of 

quick perception. 
Kl-To, :^^^, »f J8, iu Prayer, supph- 

cation to the Kami. — wo izru, to pray 

to the Kami, Syn. Ixoki. 
tKl-To, =^^7, fl: ^, (anata nihenjifco 

}izn£j. Replying to you. 
KlTo, =^^7,i§, See/i'/Vai. 
KiTSzi,-Ki,-KU,-u,-SHi, ^'/4, Strong, 

Digitized by 


KIU * 

KIU ^ 


severe, intense, harsb, hardy, stouthearted, 
manly; tired. — kaze, a strong wind. — 
oww, a hard rain. — «aib, strong liquor. 

— k'tOj a strong man, also a man of nerve. 
Atszsa ga — , the heat is intense. 


Kl-TSZKE, ^Vij ^Hy n. A cordial. 

— no htszri^ a cordial medicine. 

KlTSZKU ^^^,adv. ^eeXitszi. 

tKT8Z-M0N, =^5^^^, |p P9, n. Cross- 
examination, rigid inquiry, as of a crim- 
inal. — szr% to examine closely. 


Krrsz-Mu, =^5^>, "o ^j (y^^ yum), n. 

A lucky dream. 
KiTSZXE, ^ !/^, K, w. A fox. 
K1T6ZNE-BI, ^ y:^ t', K >^, n. Jack with 

a lantern. 
KiTSZNE-DO, :^ 5^^ K, ill ^, n. A lattice 

KlTSZSHI, ^""J-y, a. ^t KitszL 
KiTSZTSZKi, ^5^5^ + , n. A wood-pecker. 
tKlTTAN, ^[5^^^, "n JI.J w. A lucky 

day. Syn. kicuimciii. 
KlTTACHl,-fS2,-^^a, ^ ^^ ^, lilt jfc, }' V' 

To be precipitous, steep. Kono yanta kittcU- 

U «rw, this mountain is steep. 
KlTTE, ^^^r, -§J ^> «• A passport, a 

pass, a ticket sold by a merchant, allowing 

the holder to draw on him for goods to the 

amount written on it; a certificate. 


KlTTO, =lr y h , ^ M» ^^*'' Surely, certain- 
ly, positively, wiiiiout fail, attentively, 
fixedly. — hayeshimasZy will certainly 
return it. — ad ka^ is it positively so ? — 
oloyete iyo, mind and don't forget it. — 
mirUf to look attentively at. — shian szruj 
to fix one's thoughts on. 
Syn. su'kato, tashkaxi. 

■^^^> ^7, ^, n. An emergency, exigency, 
urgency, pressing necessity. — ivotszyeru, 
to inform of an emergency, and need ol 
haste. — no ma ni awanu, not suitable to 
the pressing need. 

fKlu, ^^, ^, (yumi). n. A bow. 

tKiu, +♦, JLj (kokmotsz). a. Nine. 
Syn. Ku. 

■^^U? ^^/, ^, w. Tbemoxa. — tcoszyemy 
10 apply the moxa. — wo orosz, to mark 
the place where the moxa is to be applied. 
— nof'ta, the scab of a moxa. — no iboi\ 
the pus of a moxa. — h'to-fii, ox f Ha hi y 
one moxa, two moxas. Syn. yaito. 

tKlU, ^^, ^jJTj (tasdcem). To save, aid, 
assist, help. Syn. szkU. 

tKiU, ^7, g, (furui). Old, ancieni, for- 

mer. — ni yoUe iszkoyuka nariy as stout 
as he used to be. 

tKlU-AKU, ^r7r^, HM, n. An old 
offence. — ya arawareta. 

KlU-BA, ^ t>^T-, ^ jg, n. A place for 
practising archery. 

KlU-BA, ^7^^, ^^, w. A sudden emer- 

fKlU-BI, ^r*t% ilJ^, ». The pit of the 
stomach, epigastrium. Syn: midzocui. 

KlU-BlN, ^r7t'^, ^ ^.(IsogiiiotayoH), 
n. Quick communication, despatch, ex- 
press messenger. 

KlU-BlYO, ^7 t'-Y^ ^ ^, n. Sudden 
and rapid sickness. 

tKlU-CHlU, ^^-f^j^^yji. Within the 
Mikado's residence. 

tKiUDEN, ^r^r ^, g ^,«. The Mikado's 

KlU-HEN, *7^^, ^^, n. A sudden 
event or calamity. 

tKlU-I, #^>i, ff; ^, (hokoro yaszmunt), 
n. Freedom Irom care, easy in mind, 
happy. Syn. anshin. 

tKlU-lu, ^7^ ♦, S ^J (funiki tomo). 
An old friend. 

KlU-Jl, =^7^% |& ft, w. Waiting, or serv- 
ing at table ; abo, a waiter, table servant. 

— fjco 8zri(, to wait at table. 

KlU-Jl, :^^f', ^ J^, Applying the moxa. 

— szru. 

KlU-JlTSZ, ^^l^^y, ff; Q, (ya^zmibi.)n. 
Bay of rest, holiday. 

tKlU-JO, ^r^l'3, ^ A, w. Female ser- 
vants connected with the Mikado's court. 

KlU-JUTSZ, ^-ij^i?^^, ^ %, 71. The 
rules of archery. 

KlU-KA, =t7*, ^ ^, 7i. An old family. 

tKlu-KAX, ^r^ * >, *i Si, w. A parrot. 

Kiu-KETSZ, ^ ♦ ^ V', ^ /t? ''• I'lie places 
for applying the moxa. 

KlU-KETSZ, ^r^^V^, JL y^i The nine 
holes of the body. — The eyes, ears, nos- 
trils, mouth, urinary and fecal. 

KlU-Kl, =|f 7 =^, i@ SE7 "• Ancient history. 

KlU-KlN, =|r7^>, ^ ^y(titayimikam.) 
n. Wages, hire. 

KlU-KUTSZ, ^r^^ "^y SI JSj ^- Crowded, 
confined, strictness, rigor. — de konuini, 
distressed by the rigorous rules. — jui me 
ni aity to be gr (fatly crowded. 

KlU-MEl, ^^/4y ^l^Ji, Judging or ex- 
amining minutely into anything. 
Syn. (JiMiii, g5mox, tadasz. 

tKl-UN, ^^y, ^M^ ^' Changes, fluc- 
tuations. Sahake kola nOj — , fluctuatious 
of the market. 

Digitized by 




KIU # 

KIW # 

KlU-NA, #7-h#, a. Pressing, urgent, 
requiring haste, nasty, rapid, steep, sud- 
den. — yo ga dehiie kai/eru, Laving urgent 
business to return. — saka^ a steep slope. 
— 86, a rapid current. Sjn, isooi. 

Kiu-NEN, ^7=^y, ^ ^, n. Last year, 
the old year. Syn. KITo-nen. 

KlU-Nl, ^7^y ^, adv. Urgently, press- 
ingly, quickly, hastily, rapidly, steeply, 
suddenly hayeru^ to return quickly. 

KlU-BEl, ^7\yAy ^ ^, «. An old cus- 

Klu-RI, * 7 y , IS M» (furusato.) Native 
village, native place. Syn. ko kiyo. 

Kl-URI,^r^V, SJ JRj n. Cucumber. 

KlURl, ^f ^ V , ^ (K, (hisashiku hanare- 
1-u.) n. Cutting off a child from the family, 
disinheriting. — kiru. (idem.) 
Syn. kandO. 

KlU-RO, ^r7 7 7, %[ M, «. Last winter, 
or the twelfth mouth of last year. 

KlU-SKKl, ^r7-fe^r, iS ftjJj «• Ancient 
ruins, remains of old places. 

tKlU-SEN, ^ ♦ -b ^, ^ Sl» (IP^^ y^O 
Bow and arrow. 

To be poor, distressed. 

KlU-SBl, ^7'y^ ^ y^, (iachtmachi 8hh 
num.) n. Sudden death. 

fKlU-SBlKl, #7 2^#, iS It, (faruhito- 
modacki\) n. An old ac(iuaiutance» 

KlU-SOKU, #^y^, ft: ,t,, (iJcivroyasz- 
mil.) Resting, ceasuag from labor or mo- 
tion. — «zrK, 10 rest. Syn. iko. yaszmu. 

KlU-SOKU, ^7V^, p; ii, Quick, hasty, 
urgent, pressing. Syn. UAYAKr, szmi- 


KlUSZ, *^^, JjJ -?, w. A small teapot. 

KlU-TAKU, ^r7^^, ig^, (fui-vki iye,) 
w. An old house. 

KlU-TEN, ^^ry, ^ifi, w. The mark 
made with ink to show where the moxa 
should be placed. — uo arosz, to make 
the above mark. 

tKl-UTSZ, ^^^, ^^, «. Melancholy, 
gloom, lowspirits. 

tKlU-U, -^7^, ^ W> (i^ticakaame,) n. 
Sudden rain, shower. 

tKlU-WA, ^r7 V, g l^,(furukihamsM.) 
n. An old story. 

KlU-yo, ^7 3 ♦, ^ ^, w. Urgent busi- 

fKlu-zOKU, ^i>y^, X 5^1 The nine 
generations of great great grjiudfather, 
great grandfather, grandfather, father, 
self, sou, grandson, great grandson, great 
great grandson. 

KlwA, ^r'N, R;, «. Margin, brink, edge, 
verge, border; the point of time whea 
anything is done. Midz no — , the edge 
of the water. Ido no kv^ca^ margin of the 
well. Kobe no — , the place where a wall 
joins the floor or ground. Hashino — , ad- 
joining the bridge. Shinigiwa ni natta, to 
be at the point of death. Sono — ni nalie 
nanju szru when that time comes you will 
have trouble. Tachigiwa, point of start- 
ing, -^ya iatsz^ to be separate, or distinct 

KlWADA, ^/\^, ^♦Kj (ohahi), n. A 
kind of bark used m dyeing yellow. 

KlWADACHl,-to,-^^a, ^^s^'fy IS S» 
i,v. To be distinct, separate, or different. 
Midz to alura ga — , the oil and the water 
are separated. Szmu to nigoru ga hwa- 
datte mi'yeru, the clear and the muddy are 
seen to be distinct. 

KlWADOI, ^y\r4y a. The last moment, 
or nick of time. — tokoro ni ki-awaserUy 
he came at the last moment (after wliicli 
it would have been too late). — toloro 
de atia^ I was just in the nick of time. 

KlWADZKl,-fci/,-i^a, ^r^^y^, RS ffi, 
i.v. To show the line of junction, to ap- 
pear distinct, or separate. Kono kabe wa 
ato kara nutta no ga hiwadztte miyeru, as 
this plaster was put on after, the line of 
junction appears. 

KlWAMARI,-?'W,-f^a, ^/\'r;}^,il^,uv. To 
be determined, settled, fixed, established, 
finished, ended, come to the last extremi- 
ty, utmost point. Toki ga — , the time is 
fixed. Kai 7ii — , it is settled that there 
is none. Toka' ni — it is fixed on the 
tenth day. IE to no inochi wa hwamari- 
nasJti, the life of man is not fixed (to any 
certain time). Syn. sadamabU, kimakc. 

KlWAME,-7«,-^a, :^/N^;i., g, t,v. To 
determine, decide, fix, establish, settle; to 
end, finish, exhaust, to carry to the utmost. 
Nichigen wo kitcameru, to fix a day. JIo 
u'O — , to establish a rule. Kedan tea — , to 
fix the price. Kotoha too kiuramett totu, 
to exhaust language in explaining. 


KlWAME, =t>»N>,g, w. The time when 
anything was made, and the maker. Ka- 
tana no — iro tizkeru, to fix the date when 
a sword was made, also the maker. , 

KlWAMETE, ^-^> f, S, adc, Positivdj, 
assuredly must, certainly. Syn. kanaka- 


KlWATA, =^7^, TK $$, yi- A kind of 
tree. Gossypium herbaceum. 

KlWATAGURl, ^[7^/y, }S¥? ^- ^^ 
machine for ckiining cotton of it? R^eds. 

Digitized by 


KIY * 

KIY * 


IlKiYAPU, +-Y7, Jtt ^Pj «• A cloth worn 
by women around the loins. Syn. yumaki, 


KlYAHAN, ^^/\yj 39 ^, w. Leggins. 

KlYAKABABA, ^f^V'T^:?^^, ^1 "^ ft ^, n. 
The (Sanscrit ?) character written at the 
top of a Satoha, 

KlYA-KlYA, ^-^ ^^, adv. — ttamu, to have 
a pricking pain. 

KlAKU, ^-y^j ^, n. A guest, visitor, a 
passenger, customer. Jiif/aku-jin, '{idem). 

KlYAKU-BUN, ^>t^r>, %^, n. The 
part of a guest, the same as a guest, or 
visitor. — Til sh'te okuy to make it appear 
that he is a guest, or vbitor only, (though 
secretly he may be his son in law). 

KlYAKUDBN, ^^^y'y, ^ ^, n. A 
honse close to a monastery for the recep- 
tion of visitors. 

KlYAKTJ-RAl, ^Ar^:?>J, ^3j5, n. (Bja- 
ku ga Jdtaru). Kon-nichi wa — ga am, the 
guests are coming to-day. 

KlYAKURO, =*v^P, RP Jtt, «. A foot- 

tKlYAKU-So, *^^y^, ^ ft, n. A 
priest who is a guest. 

Kl-YAMl, ^^\j ^ ^, (hokoro no tcadz- 
raiy) n. Distress, trouble of mind, depres- 
sion of spirits. 

KlYARA, ^r-V:?, -ftp ft, n. Aloes- wood, or 

KlYARl, ^r-vV, n. The song of persons uni- 
ting their strength to do any thing, as 
lifting, pulling. — wo tu, — wo lUau. 

KlYASHA, ^^^^, ^!E^» Genteel, deli- 

^ cate. — «a h'tOy a delicate, slender 

Kl-YASZME, ^^^;^, ^^,n. Consola- 
tion, comfort. — wo iu, to console with, 
to alleviate grief. 

KlYATATSZ, =^^^^5^,13111,72. A step- 
ladder, a liigh bench for standing on. 
Syn, FUMi-DAl. 

KlYATSZ, -^^ 5^, ^, That feUow, that ras- 
cal, (a contemptuous word. 

KlYE,-r2^,-^a, :^^;P, f^', i. r. To be ex- 
tinguished, quenched, put out, effaced, to 
vanish, disappear, (fig.) to die. Hi ga ki- 
geru, the fire is out. Akart ga — , the 
light is out. Yiirei ga — , the gliost lias 
vanished. Yvki ga — , the snow has dis- 
appeared. Kumo ga — , the cloud has dis- 
appeared. Aio ga — , the mark is gone. 

KlYE,-52r2^ ^^, ^ ^, (Shitagau,) 
(Budd.) To respect and follow as a master 
or pnest, lookup to iis a religious teacher. 

Ano osho ni kiye szru Kto ga nai, nobody 
respects that priest. 

IK1-YEN, ^^y, ^ S^, «. A strange 
friendship, or connection. 

Kl-YE5^, ^=c ;/, ^ ^, n. Letting off, or 
forgiving, (as a debt ) — ni szru, 

tKi-YETSZ, ^=L^y^ :g ^,(Yor9koh\J 
w. Joy, gladness, pleasure. 

KlYO, +3, ^, (mmiashii.) False, weak, 
weakness, unguai-ded places. Teki no — ni 
jojite, taking advantage of the enemy's 
weak points, or carelessness. Kigo shHa 
Iito, an impotent person. — wo ukagauy 
to spy out the weak points of an enemy. 

KlYo, ^7,^ U,adc. Today. 
Syn. KONKicni. 

KlYO, ^3^, [)ij, Unlucky. 

KlYO, ^r-V^, 1^, w. Canonical, or sacred 
books, especially of the Buddliists ; the 
Chinese classics. — wo yomu, to recite 
from the sacred books, in praying. 

KlYO, + 3 A, ^, 7J. Sport diversion, amuse- 
ment, pleasure, fun, entertainment. — ni 
iru iokoro^ when he had begun to feel jolly, 
or merry. — no sarnetaru kao de, with a 
countenance expressive of spoiled pleasure. 

— ga sarMTU, the pleasui-e is spoiled. — 
8zru^ to make merry, to frolic. 

Kl-YO-NA, ^r 3 '5'-^, 3Sr M, a- Ingenious, 
expert, clever, having genius, iulroit. 


KlYOBOKU, ^^^^/y^i^,n. Tlie gibbet 
on which the heads of executed criminals 
are exposed. 

tKlYO-BlYO, +3 t'-Vi>, ^ ^, n. Disease 
characterized by weakness and emacia- 
tion. Syn. jin-k'vo. 

tKlYOCHlU, ^3^f ♦, S^ 4*> (^'^^ no 

ncht.) In the breast, (fig.) mind, heart. 
KlYODAl, ^>^^^A, ^ 1^, n. Brother. 

— bioiy the part of, or the same as a 
brother. Syn. keitei. 

Kiy5-dai, ^^^^A, 1^ $, 7i. a mirror 
stand. Syn. kagami no daI. 

tKlY0DAKU,-S2rw, =^3^^, 1^ |g, To 
assent, consent. Syn. SH6-cni, ga-ten. 

KlYO-DAN, =^3^^, jg |j^, (monohana^ 
8hi\) A lie, falsehood, a fiction, story. 

KlYODAN, ^^^^'y, p Ijj^, (Inaka koto- 
la,) n. Provincialism, country dialect. 
Syn. NAMAia. 

tKlYO-FU, =^^^7^^, U jR, w. Convul- 
sions, fits. liikkfgdftij severe convulsions. 
Man kiyofuy mild convulsions. 

tKlYo-FU, =^3.^7, JS 'lip, n. Fear — 
sznty to be afmid. 

KiYo-f;Ai, ^^^ifA,^ ^,n. Condition, 

Digitized by 



KIY ^ 

KlY + 

circumstances, worldly state, mode oflife. 
Issho no — , life long condition. 


KiYOGAKi, =*3;«^*,if|||, n. A clean 
copy. — wo szru, Syn. sei-sho. 

KiYO-GANNA, ^r^;f^-^, j^ ife, n. A 
smoothing or finishing plane. 

KiYo-GEN, =^-y^y^, ^ "i", w. A play, 
drama, farce. 
Syn. 8U1BAI. 

KiYO-GETS, =^ 3 y 5^ ^ ^ , «. Last month. 

KlYO-GO„ ^^^ify^^^y Correcting a 
writing, correcting a proof. Syn. santei. 

KlYO-GON, ^ 3 3r ^'j ^ -g", 7*. A falsehood, 
lie. — wo tit J to tell a lie. 
Syn. uso, itszwaiu. 

KlYOl,-Kl,-SHI, ^r 3 >i , ^, a. Clean, 
clear, pure, free from defilement. Kiyoki 
nagare, a clear stream. — kokorOj a clean 
heart. Syn. isagiyoki, kirei. 

tKlYO- JAKU, ^Bi^^^j i^ ^ J . Feeble, 
weak in body, without natural vigor. — 
na hUo. Syn. yowai, hiyowai. 

KiYO-JAKU, ^^^i^^ir^ SS My ^ 
Strength or weakness. 

KlYOJl, =^3*i?,K|lp, n. Unlucky af- 

KlYojl, ^^^i^yl^My A maker of wall- 
paper, paper hangings, or pictures. 

tKiY0Ji,-7-ti,-fa, ^f3^-^;i^, A' ^''^- To 
be delighted, pleased, diverted by any 
thing. Shihai wo k'yojite mirv^ to be di- 
verted in loooking at a play. 
Syn. OMosiHROQAttU. 

KlYO-JlN, =^-Y^i^ ^, ^ A? "• ^ *^ad- 

man, lunatic. Syn. kiciiigai. 

KlYO-JlTSZ, ^3-^*;', ^ ft, »2. True and 
false. — xco tadasz, to ascertain the truth 
or falsity of any thing. Kmii no — , the 
real condition of a country. 

Kiy5-ji-ya, ^^^l>^, ^M^, n, a. 
maker of wall-paper, paper hangings, 
screens, &c. 

HiY0-j6, ^f 3i?^^, ^ Jj[, (Iru shiro). 
n. The castle in which one resides. 

KlYO-JO, ^^"^^^^^Jfli^, n. The sen- 
tence, judgment, or judicial decision passed 
on a criminal. — ga sadamaru. 

Kno-jv, -szru, ^3^^^, Jg ft, To 
dwell, reside. Syn. szmai. 

Kiy6-JU, ^^^l^^y ^f^,(oshif/esadz' 
heru),n. Teaching, instruction, education. 
Beahi ni — %znu 

KiYo-ju-KATA, *v^^^*^,H:^:;§', 

n. A teacher. 
KlYo-KA, ^^^ij, ^ ^•, (Tmvamureru 
uta). w. Comic poetry. 

tKlYO-KAKU, ^ 3 ^ tJ; >^ , JK Si, (fii^h 
n. The breast, the chest 

KlYOKATABlRA, ^^ ♦ 7?f ^ t'^, g jt, «. 
Grave clothes, a shroud, winding-sheet 

tKlYO-Ki, +^**, ^ ^, w. Insanity, 

Kjyoko, ^•^'♦^♦j IrJ ^, (kono nochiy 
adv. Henceforth, after this, hereafter. 
Syn. i-GO. 

tKlYoKOTSZ, ^Jft>3^, ^ ^, Rough, 
rude,' harsh, violent, boisterous. — na 
Jito, a violent, boisterous man. 

KlYOKU, ^3^, ^, n. Entertaining per- 
formances, or diversions, such as circus- 
riding, rope-dancing, top-spinning, theatri- 
cal exhibitions, music, dancing, dtc — 
tco szruy to perform entertaining feats, 
Uta ihkiyohu^ one song. Kama no — , 
top -spinning. Uma 7iori no — , circus 

KlYOKU, :^ 3^, f^, adv. Clear, clean, 
pure, — »zru, to cleanse. 

KlYOKUBA, =^3^<^t, ^ ,||,n. Equestrian 
feats, circus-riding. — wo sznu 

tKlYOKU-JI, ^3^^, ft ^, n. Guilti- 
ness, guilty of having committed a crime, 
condemnation. (Legal). — moaU-Uzhcrti^ 
to pronounce guilty, to condemn. 

KlYOKU-MOCHl, ^r 3 ^ ^ -f , ft jf , M. 

Feats of strength or dexterity. — iro 
szru, to perform feats of strength or dex- 
terity, (as of lifting weights, &c.) 
KlYo-KUN, ^^♦^^j ^ p, w- Instruc- 
tion, teaching of the principles of morali- 
ty and religion, education. — «2r«, to 
educate in morals, behaviour, social and 
religious duties. 
Syn. osniYERU. 

KlYOKU-NORl, ^ 3 ^ >? i;', ft jg, «. 
Equestrian feats. 

KlYOKU-ROKU, ^S^V^, ft ^7 ''• ^ 
large chair used by priests in temples. 
Syn. KosniKAKE. 

KlYO-K'WAN, ^^^V>^ P^Pft». (sakeU 
sakehu). Lamentation and wailing. — 
szni, to lament and wail. I>ai — »,.^oud 
crying and wailing. KiybJcwan-jigokOj 
one of the eight Buddhist hells. 

fKlYo-MAN, ^^-^y.lSkWy «• VM^y 
arrogance. — szru, to be arrogant 
Syn. JIMAN, kO-man, taKA-bucu. 

KlY0MARl,-r2^,-^^a, :^3^;i-, jJJ, t.p. To 
be clean, pure, free from defilement 

KlYO-MON, ^^^=ty,1^%,n. A wri- 
ting or sentence from a Buddhist sacred 

KiY0ME,-7-w,-;a, ^3.?«;i', Jllf, tv. To 

Digitized by 


KIY * 



cleanse, purify, free from defilement, Te 
wo — , to cleanse the hands. Skiwo wo 
fuite mi wo — , to free one's self from defile- 
ment by sprinkling salt. Ihjo wo — cleanse 
from defilement. Kokoro wo hyomete ha- 
mi wo haisz^ having cleansed the heart to 
worship the gods. Syn. shOjo ki szru, 


EiTOHE, =|f 3^ , ^j n. Cleansing, purifica- 
KlYO-NEN, ^r 3 ^ ^, -^ ^j n. Llist year. 


KiYO-NEN, ^s^^y, ^ ifj n. An un- 
lucky year, an unfruitful year. 

KlTO-NlN, ^^^ny, ^ fc, «. The 
kernel of an apricot stone, an almond. 

KlYO-o,-szr«, ^r^^^i-^, S Hj ^•^- To 
treat, entertain guests, to feast. Syn. mo- 


KiYORAKA-NA, ^s^ij-Y^ ^^ a. Clean, 

pure, free from defilement. — hazBy pure 

air. — Kto^^ man free from guile. 
KlYOBAKA-Nl, ^r 3 ^ i'^, HlfiM^' Cleanly. 
KlYo-RAN, ^^^^^5 ^ jJL? ^- Crazy, 

deranged, mad, insane. 
KlYORO, ^ 3 f ♦, i£ ^, n. Atrophy. 
Kiyoro-k'yoro-to, ^3P^r3^f, Look- 
ing about in a staring manner, peering 

about. — to intni^ idem. 
KiYORORi-TO, ^Bv^) h , adv. Starmgly, 

gazing about. — szru. 
KiYORO-TSZKi,-A;t/,-?^a, ^ a p y ^ , t. v. 

To stare, gape about, to peer, or gaze 

around indecently. 
tKlYOSA, #3-^, j^, n. Cleanliness, purity. 
KlYO-SAKU, ^3^-^^^ Klf^j «• Bad 

KlYO-SETSZ, "^r 3 -fe 5^, Bl 1^3 (usohanashi)y 

n, A lie, falsehood, a story. 
tKlYo-sHA, ^ ^sy^, H ^, n. Vain-glory, 

pride and pomp. Syn. ooobi. 
tKiYO-SHO, ^35^3, jg ^, (idohoro)j n. 

Dwelling place. 
KiYO-SHOKU, ^r3 5^3^, ^ ffe, w. False 

show, aflfectation. Syn. mekasz. 
KlYo-sOKU, -y^ V^, ^ ,i,, w. A kind 

of padded stool for leanmg against in 

KlYO-TAKU, ^3^^, jg ^, (irutokoro)j 

n. Dwelling, home. 
tKiYO-TEN, ^^ry, ^ ^, w. Dawn, 

day-break. Syn. yoake. 
KlYo-TO, =*^^ f , 3K ^, n. The capital, 

residence of the Mikado, metropolis. 
KiY0-Y6,-«2rw, ^ 3 3 ♦ , 1^ ^, To grant, 

permit, allow. 

Syn. YURusz, sOcni szrl'. 

KlZA, ^ it, ^, n. An elephant. 
Syn. zo. • 

KlZA, ^ •»}■*, ^ p$, (ki nisawaru). Dis- 
agreeable, impleasant, odious. — na It' to, 
a person of uncongenial temper. — iia 
koto wo iu. Syn. lYARAS"ir. 

KlZAHASHi, =|f-f/\5^, pgp, n. Stairs, a flight 
of steps. 

Kl-ZAI, =*f ^ , S JH"* w. Household fur- 

KiZAMi,-mw,-nrfa, #-f >, ^j t,v. To 
cut into small pieces, to chop, to carve, 
( as an image ), to sculpture. Tahako 
wo — , to cut tobacco fine. Butsz-^o tco 
— , to carve an image of Buddha. Ji wo 
— , to carve letters. Syn. kiru, horu. 

KlZAMi, ^f ^,*j, n. Time, period of 
time. me nikakatta hizami ni^ at the 
time when I saw you. Syn. TOKr, koro, 


KlZASHl,-5z,-5A7cr, # -^^ , II, ^ r. or t. r. 
To bud, to sprout, to shoot, germinate, be- 
gin to appear. Ki no me ga kizasK'ta, 
the trees have budded. Itami ga kizasz, 
the pain begins. SlmU^iga ki zash'te kita^ 
the cramp in the stomach has commen- 
ced again. Mvhon wo kizasz^ to conceive 

KlzASHI, ^-^y, ^, n. The first begin- 
ning, shooting up, or first feeling of any- 
thing ; sign, omen. Ben no — ga aru, be- 
gin to feel like going to stool. JCono itayni 
wa dekimono no — de aro, I think this 
pain is the commencement of a sore. — ga 
nai, there is no sign oL 

KlZAWASHi, ^f'»f7^', n. A kind of per- 
simmon that ripens on the tree. 

KlZETSZ, :^-tf 5^, ^ ]g, (iki ga tomaru.) 
n. Stoppage of the breath, faintness, chok- 
ing. — szrw, to stop the breath, choke. 

K^Oj ^j •?? ^- ^ child, the young of any- 
thing. — wo haramUy to be preffoant. — 
wo umUy to bring forth a child. — wo 
orosz, to produce abortion. — wo mokerUj 
to beget a child — wo nagasZy to miscarry. 

KOj 3, ^, n. A numeral for threads, or 
strands, as, Wto ko, one strand, Futa koy 
two strands. Mi ko^ three strands. 

Ko, 3 , ij>j A particle prefixed to words 
to give them a diminutive sense, as, Ko- 
gumi, a little bow, Kohune^ a small boat, 
Ko-nxi8zbitOy a pilferer, Ko-iishi, a small 
cow; sometimes it does not aifect the 
meaning, as Ko-gitanai^ dirty, Ko-girety 
clean, Kohayaku^ fast. 

Ko, 3, 3^, n. Fine powder of anything. 
I Mvgi-no-ko^ flour. t^<tba7io4:o. buck- wheat 
1 meal. Kome-ao-ko, rice flour. Ko ni szrtiy 

Digitized by 



KO 3 

KOB :5 

to pulverize. Kome wo ho ni hihiy to grind 
rice. Syn. kc#a, sai-matsz. 

Ko, 3 , ^, (kaiko.) n. A silk- worm. — wo 
lau, to feed silk-worms. 

tKo, 3, /fc, n. A tree. JTo no «A'^ tage, 
the shade of a tree. Ko no moto, at the 
foot of a tree. Ko no ma^ between the 

tKo, 3, -j^, Ancient, (used only in comp. 
words.) Kojin^ a man of ancient times. 
Kosei, ancient sage. 
Syn. MUKAsnr, ini:3hiye. 

■^^> ^> $IS^} (minashigo.) n. An orphan, 
solitary, alone. Toku ko naradz, kanaradz 
tonari arf\ virtue is not solitary, it must 
have neighbours. 

fKo, 3^, -JH, n. A period of five days, of 
which there are seventy -two in a year. 

tKo, ^^, H, n. A watch of tho night, 
of which there are five, commencing at 
sundown, or six o'clock. Sho-koj the first 
watch, (^until 8 o'clock ; ) m-ko, san-ko, 
shi-kd, go-ko, until 4 o'clock, A. m. Ko ga 
takerUy it is growing late. 

Ko, 37, ^, (see ito/.^ To beg, ask for, 
request. Itoma wo — , to ask leave to go, 
= take leave; to ask for dismission from 
service. Shoku wo — , to beg for food. 

tKo, 3 ^^ ^, (Hmi) n. Lord, master, a 
title of nobility and respect. 

Ko, 7{f ♦, :^, w. Filial piety, obedience to 
parents. Oya ni ko wotszkusz, to obey 
one's parents in all things, and to the ut- 
most of one's power. Fu-ko^ disobedient. 

Ko, 3 1^, j^^ n. Actions of merit, worth, 
or excellence; actions worthy of praise; 
talent, ability, virtue. Ko wo fiasz^ to 
perform meritorious actions. — wo tateru, 
(id.) Ko wo tszmuy to multiply worthy 
deeds, to become more skilful, to improve. 
Ko no nai h*to, one that has never done 
anything worthy of praise. Ko sJite ko na- 
shiy much labor for nothing. Syn. tkgara, 


Ko, ij^^ §, n. Incense, fragrant or aro- 
matic substances, perfume. — wo taJcu, to 
bum incense, to perfume, to fumigate. — 
wo tomeruy to carry perfumery about one's 
person. — ico kugurasz, to fumigate with 
an aromatic. 

Ko, 3 ^ J ^, adv. Same as Koku ; see KoL 

Ko, 3 ^ , ]||, n. A kind of crane. 

Ko, ij^y (contract of Kaku.) adv. So, thus, 
this manner. K5 shi nasarCy do it so. JTo- 
fth*U k5'8zn)/a ko varu koto to shmtsztsz ko- 
slite kv-natta, (prov.) while I knew that 

by so doing such would be the case, by so 
doing have come to it. 
Ko-AGE, 3 7 y , ij> Sf^^ n. A coolie, a porter. 


Ko-BAI, 3^,it/f , 3jc£ jjl^^ (akai ume,) n, 
A species of plum bearing red blossoms. 

K5-BA1, 3 ^y(^ , n. Tlie slope or inclina- 
tion of a roof. — ga hayaiy the roof is 
steep. — ga osoi, the slope of the roof is 

Ko-BAKAMA, 3,it55r-^, ij>ff, n. A kind 
of trowsers. 

KoBAUiy-mu^-nda, 3^^>, }g, t.v. To 
oppose, withstand, hinder, prevent, to ob- 
ject, to contradict, to deny. 


Ko-BAN, 3,^y, ij> ^J, n. The name of 

a gold coin,=four ichibua. 
KoBAN-NARl, 3^t;^-^i;, n. Elliptical in 

KoBA8HU,-KI,-KU,-U,-SA, ij ^^^5^^ ,§, 

Fragrant, odorous, aromatic. 
tKo-BATSZ, 3^^^^^, Jfc f)^, (seme uisz.) 

To attack, or assault in war. 
Kobe, fj^f;^, "^, The head. — wo tareruy 

to bow the head. Syn. ataha, Kasdiri. 
KOBERlTSZKI,-&W,-lYa, a-^V ^^^jfiS ^, 

i. V. To stick, to adJicre, to harden and 

stick to any thing, as gum. Noriga U ni 

koberttszita, the paste sticks to the hand. 


KoBi,-r«,-^a, 3^^^, H, t. tr. To court 
favor, to pay court to, to endeavour to 
please, or ingratiate one's self with an- 
other, to fawn, to flatter. Jl^io ni — , to 
court the favor of another. Syn. hjjtsz- 


KOBI, 3k% H, n. Flatteiy, courting fa- 
vor, blandishment. 

KoBi-HETSZRAl,-ai*,-f^a, 3k'^y77,W 
19, <. r. To flatter, pay court to, to fewn, 
to use blandishments. Jl'io ni — , to 
flatter otliers. 

Ko-BIKI, ^ t'4r, TfC ^, n. A sawyer. 

Ko-BIN, fj^h'y^ ^ ^, (saiwainoUiyo- 
n,) n. A good opportunity. 

K0B0CHI,-<«2,-^^a, 3,fri)^, ^, /. r. To 
break, destroy. lye wo ucldkobotszf to tear 
down a house. 

Ko-BON, i!j^^:y, § g, n. A tray for 
putting perfume on. 

KoBORE,-rw,-^a, 3iKt>;P, g, 1. r. To be 
notched, nicked, broken on the edge. Kn- 
Uina no ha ga — , the edge of the sword 
is nicked. Syn. kakeru. 

K0BORK,-y'?/,-?(7, ^^ri^/U, l. f. To Spill, 

Digitized by 


KOC a 

KOD :i 


to run over, to shed, (as tears,) to drop 
from being too full. Midz ga koboreru, the 
water spills out. Fude no 9zmi ga — , the 
ink di'ops from the pen. Namida ga — . 


KOBORE-ZAIWAI, 3^U"f/f/N>i, \% \% 
(GPgokdjj n. The turning out to be for- 
tunate, of what at lii*st appeai*ed only a 
misfortune. — to nam. 

K0B0SHl,-52,-s7t7t7, 3 7K;^, Uv. To spill, 
shed, to make run-over, to pour out. Midz 
uo — , to spiU, or pour out water. Na- 
mida wo — , to shed tears. Szmi wo kobosz 
na, don't spill the ink. 

KOBOTSZ, 3 tK ^, |gt, see Kohochu 

KoBU, 3 7*, ?S, n. A wen, fleshy tumor, 
excrescence, lump. — ga dekitay has a 
wen. jKi no — , an excrescence growing 
on a tree. 

KoBU, 3 7*, ^ ;Jp, 71. Edible sea-weed. 

K0-BUKAl,-Kl,-KU,-6, ^^TijA, 7^ §?, 
Densely wooded and shady. 

Ko-BUKURO, a 7*^ -p, ^ g, w. The 
womb. Syn. shi-kiu. 

tKo-BUN, 3 7*;/, -jfcf jj;, ( furui fumi ). 
Ancient writings. 

Ko-BUN, ^lyy, -p ^, «• The part, or 
place of a child, an apprentice, protege; 
a person belonging to a laborer's guild, 
the chief of which is called Oya-huHy or 

KoBURA, 3 7*7 , See Konmra, 

KoBURl, 3 7* V , ij> ^, w. Small size. Kono 
tokkuri yori kobiiri na ga yoi\ a bottle of a 
smaller size than this is better. 

KoBURl, 37*1;, >J> (^, n. A little shower 
of rain. Ame ga — ni natta. 

K0-BU8HJ, 3 -ft^^ ^, n. The fist. — de 
hutsZj to strike with the fist. — wo ni- 
giru, to make a fist. 

KoBUSHl, iJ^ry ^^ ^, n. Kind of 

Ko-BUTSZ, 3/*;?, -j^ ^, (furuki mono), 
n. An ancient thii*g, antique. — ka^ au 

K6-BUTSZ iJ^Tf, jtf- ^7 (konomu mo- 
no), A thing one is fond of Watahishi 
wa tnikun ga dai kolniisz de gozaru, I am 1 
exceedingly fond of oranges. | 

tKo-BUTSZ, ^7^7''^,^ '^, n. Minerals, j 

Ko-CHA, 3f4r, -j^ ^, n. Old tea, ! 
last year's tea. j 

KocHA, 3f ^, ^ ^, n. Broken tea- 1 
leaves, tea-dust. j 

KocHl, or KOTCHI, 3f , jlt :j^, ( kono j 
ho), adv. Here, this place. I, me. Adi ^ 
kochi, here and there. — ge koi\ come | 


here. — ni oke^ put it here. — no koto 
de wa naiy it is none of my business. 

KOCHI, 3^j |i§, n. A kind of fish. 

Kocfll, 3^, ;^ Mii{1iigashikaze),n. East 

KOCHIKA, 3-f ^, Same a Kochi. Here, 
this place. 

tK0CHlTAKI,-KU, 3 f ^ ^ , -g- ^, Tedious, 
uninteresting, prosy. — mad^ ni, until it 
becomes tedious. Kocliitoku tUy to talk 
until one is tired of it. 

KocHO, =^ f 7f 1S8 it, w. A kind of 

tKoCHO, 3-f^i>, ^ ^, n. Dropsy of 
the abdomen, ascites. Syn. cijO-3ian. 

KODACHI, 3^-f-j 7|^ ^, 71. Trees, in re- 
lation to the manner of planting, or stnnd- 
ing. — ga yoiy the trees are planted in 
beautiful order. — no hima, the space 
between trees. — no kagcy the shade of 

Ko-DACHI, 3^^j ij> JJ, n. A small 

KoDAl, JS^V^^A, H:^, SeeK'wodat. 

K6-DAI, iJ^^Aj^ ^, n. The dish of 
an incense cup. 

KoDAMA, 3^'v, Tfcfi, w- An echo. — 
ga liibilu, there is an echo. 

KODAMAGIN, =t^^^yy i]\ 5; ^, 71. A 
kind of bullet-shaped coin. 

tKo-DAN, ij^^'y, il t^y n. Discourse, 
lecture. — szriiy to discourse, lecture, 
preach. Syn. kosiiaku. 

KODATE, 3 ^ r , /fC jtSr w. Making a 
shield of a tree, screening one's self by 
getting behind a tree. Kata-yc no tnaffiz 
wo — nt toni. 

Ko-DATSZ, 3^iJt'^j P ^, "• Verbal 
message. — szniy to send a verbal mes- 

KoDAWARl,-?*?i.-a/^a, 3^/\;i^, i. V. To 
hinder, prevent, to be jammed, or wed- 
ged in, so as to obstruct. Toyunonnka 
ni kodawaru mono ga am, there is some- 
thing obstructinjT the pipe. 
Syn. KOBAMU, JAMA wo sznr, 

K5r)6, =x^ ^* ^ ^ 5^ JE, (oyake nomichi). 
Just, right, proper. Syn. tadasuii. 

KoDo, ^^^'^, HI ^, n. A house or 
temple for preaching, or discoursing in, 
a church. (Bud.) 

tKoDOKU, :3 K^, Jl ^, n. An orphan. 
Syn. MiXASiiiGO. 

KODOMO, 3K^, ^ ^, n. A child. 

Kodomorcty children. Syn. wauambk. 
KonOMORA8Rll,-KI,-KU,-U, ziY^y^A, 
Like a child. 

Digitized by 





KoDZ, ij ^X, ^, n. The paper mulberry. 
Broussonetia papyrifera. 

fKoDZ, or KODZKU/ 3^;>^;U, ^, To 
die, (only of a person of the highest rank). 

Ko-DSZI, =^^:^fi; gt :;fC, n. An inun- 
dation, flood. 

KopzKA, 3^/35^, iJ>fS, «. A knife car- 
ried in the scabbard of the small sword. 

KODZKAI, =^^/fj}L, ij> -^t n. A servant. 

KoDZKAl, ay^t, ij> ift, n. Cash or 
money spent in daily petty expenses, 
pocket money. 

tKoDZMj,-7?iti.-720?a, 3y>, /.r. To pile 
up, to store away ; to incline to one side, 
to be partial. Nhnotsz wo hura nikodzmUj 
to pile up goods in a store iiouse. 
Syn. Ts'zMTi. 

KoDZRU, ij^^/^, H, SeeKoJt. 

Ko-DZYE, =J^XX,^,n, The small branch- 
es of a tree. 

Ko-FU, 3 7*, •6" H' (mukoBhi no fa.) 
n. Ancient custom, old fashions, antiqua- 
ted, antique. 

KoGAl, -h ^ if A , ^, n. An ornament made 
of shell, worn by married women in the 
hair ; also, two iron rods carried in the 
scabbard of the short sword, used as chop- 

KoGAl, 3 7^'h, •? 13, n. An indentured 
servant boy, or girl, about 7 or 8 years 

KOGANE, nif:^^ ^, (kin.) n. QoU. 

KoGABE,-rz(,-^a, 3 tJTc^/p, ^, i.v. To be 
charred, scorched, burnt, blackened with 
fire; (fig.) to long, or pine for, to be 
troubled about. Meshi ga kogareta, the 
rice is burnt. Ko ga kaha ni — , the child 
pines after its mother. 

K0GARE-KUSAl,-KI,-KU,-O, a )5^i/^ -^^/f , 
^\ Mf Charred and stinking. 

KoGARE-TSzKi,-A-w,-iVa, =^lf\y^?^^ ^ 
fj", Lv. To burn and stick to the pot, or 

KoGASHi,-S2;,-sAVa, ^ify^^ ^, Ur, To 
char, scorcl], burn, or blacken with fire. 
Kuro kemuri ten wo kogash'te oi ka- 
kanty the black smoke spread over the 
Syn. YAKr. 

KoGASHi, 3 ify^ n. A kind of food made 
of parched meal. 

KOGATANA, 3^^-^^ >J^ yj, n, A small 
knife, pocket knife. 

K0GE,-?-?f,-f«, ay/i., ^, f.r. To be char- 
red, to burn, to scorch, toasted. Afesin 
ga — , the rice is burnt. Pan ga kogeta, 
the bread is burnt. Jlimsht de kimono ga 

kogeta, the clothes are scorched with the 

smoothing iron. 
K6-GE, ij^V,'J^ T> {(akaihikui.) High 

or low, good or bad. — aruy there are 

high priced and low priced. 
tK6-GEl, 3^y/f , it ji^,n. (mju) Rain- 

tK6-GEKl,-«;n/, =^^y^, Jfc ^, (sme 

ut8z.) To attack, assault, invade in war. 
Ko-GEN, ^Vi^yy, H a* > «• Boastmg, 

vaunting. — tvo haku, to speak boastingly. 
KoGij-g^c-ida, =^^,\^y t v. To scull, 

row. Fune wo — , to scull a boat. 
WKoGi-gtCj-iday 3/, tv. To pull up by 

the root, root up. Kusa no ne wo kogu. 
KoGl,-^?^-tc?a, 3/, 15, <.<?. To thresh 

grain by drawing through iron teeth, to 

hackle, to strip. Ine wo kogUj to thresh 

rice. Ha wo kogi-otosZj to strip off leaves. 

Syn. sDiaoKU. 
KoGl, 3 ijr ^, S ^» «• The court, the gov- 
ernment. Syn. SEIFC, KOHKN. 

tKoGl, 3 Jf , ^ ^, Doubt, hesitation, in- 
decision. — szrtty to hesitate, be in doubt. 


KOGIXOKO, 3^/3, n. A shuttlecocL 

Ko-GIRE, 3^v/, >J^-5J> 71, A small piece 
of cloth, patch. 

iK0GlRl,-?'t^,-^^a, 3 ^;p, f.r. To chaffer, 
or higgle in buying, to beat down the 
price. Syn. negiru. 

KoGi-uoDOSBi-sZy-sh'tay zl^^v^, Jf 
J^, ^.r. To scull back. 

|lK0Gi-T0Ri,-7-?/,-^^a, 3^1.;^, t. r. To 
pluck up by the roots ; to strip off, (as 

KoGi-WATARi,-rw,-^^a , ^ =¥ 7 ^ ;^; If ?t, 
t.v. To scull across. 

tKo-GlYO, fj^y7,i^M}^' Husbandry, 
farming. — wo szru. 

KoGlYO, 3ilr^^.>, J^^, Making or get- 
ting up an entertaining performance, or 
exhibition. Shibai wo ko-giyo szruy to get 
up theatrical performances. 

Ko-GO, 3^*-, -^ |g, (furui kotoba)j n. An 
ancient or obsolete word, ancient lan- 

K6-G0, ij^ify,^ ^, (majncanau)'>n. 
Sexual intercourse or commerce, coition. 
A^an niyo no — . 

KOGOME, 3 rj-^ , ij^ ^j n. Broken rice- 

K0G0Rl,-nf,-^^rt, 3 3>, Jg, t>. To con- 
geal, coagulate, curdle. Syn. katamaku. 

KOGOSHI, 3 3-5^, ij^ Jig, n. A slight bow 
to a superior. — wo htgamUy to stand in a 
bowing posture. 

KOGOTO, 3 3- h J ij\ "s , «. Grunibliug, 

Digitized by 


KOI =t 

KOI :i 


fault findiDg, complaining, censuring. — 
wo iuj to find fault. 

KOGOYAKASHl,-S25,-5/i*^a, aif^ijpk ^ 
^, (caust. of Kogoyeru) To cauw to be 
chilled, or benumbed; to freeze. 

KoGOYE,-n*,-^a, aa'iL/P, ^, t.r. Be- 
numbed, chilled, stiff with cold, frozen. 
Te ga kogoyeta, hands are numb with 

KOGOYE-Jixi, ^sTaii?-, ^ ^, n. Fro- 
zen to death. — tzru, 

KOGU, 3;^, SeeKosn'. 

K6-Gir, ij^^,^ M:y ^^ Utensils used in 
bumiDg incense, or in fumigating with 

KOGUCHI, 3/f , Tfc P, n. The cut end 
of a tree, or cut eud of anything. 

KOGUCHI-GAKI, 3/f ^^r, ij> Q #, n. 
The title of a book written on the outside, 
across the edges of the leaves. 

Ko-GUSZRI, zt^^ V > # li, (sanyahi)y n. 
Medicinal powder, powdered medicine. 

tK5-HAI, ^V^^^/ijJ^f^, (arehateru). 
Dilapidated, going to ruin, decayed, (as 
a temple, or house). 

tKo-HAI, ^^^^A y$^J^, (sakannara otoro- 
yeni). Rise and fall, tiourish and decay. 

KoHAKTJ, ^''N^, J^ JQ, n. Amber. 

KoHAN, =ij\yy i^ ^j (yaJd miyohan) n. 
Burnt alum. 

KOHAN, =^^^>,^^, n. Sulphate of 

KO-HAN-TOKI, a/\y\.^^^ >J> ^ ^, n. 
A quarter of a Japanese hour, &= half an 
hour English. 

KoHARU, 3^;w, >J>^, w. Little spring, 
the tenth month of the Japanese year ; it 
is so called, from the weather so much re- 
sembling spring weather. 

KoBAZE, 3/\-tf, n. A clasp, or locket. 

KOfll, ;iy^h, n. Coffee, (a word recent- 
ly introduced from the Englii^h.) 

Ko-HIYO, 3 h-V^, ij^ :&, 72. Small in sta- 

Ko-HEN, :3'f;^y^ ^ j^y 71- Court, gov- 
ernment, the place where public affaira 
and justice is administered. Kono koto 
ica — ni tiaskmnshd, I will carry this 
matter to a court of justice. 

Ko-HONE, 'i!j^t^:f, )\\ "f^, n. A kind of 
water-plant. Nuphar japonica. 

tK6-l, aij^/f, ^ ;^, (atszkikohorozashi) 
n. Great kindness, or benevolence. 

Kor, n h, §5, 71, A kind of river fish. 

Koi,-KI,-SHI, 3 /{,{§, a. Thicif, or 
denssc in consistence^ deep in color, strong 
in taste. Jro ga koi\ the color is deep . 

Kot 8zmi^ thick, or black ink. Kono cha 
ga hoku natta, this tea has become too 
strong. Koi'kamiy a thick head of hair. 
Syn. ATSzi. 

Koi, 3 1, JSSj **• I'Ove, (between the 
sexes); also, brotherly lore. — vro shika- 
keru^ to make love. — wo szru^ to love. 
— no tUa, a love song. Syn. jOai, 

Koi, k6, kota, 37, |f, or ^, tv. To 
request, ask courteously, to beg. 
Syn. NEGO. 

Koi-BITO, 3 h t' f , S5 A> »• A person 
loved, a lovM one. 

Koi-CHA, 3/l-f^, ig^, n. Powdered 

KoiGUCHl, 3t/f, ». The joint, or 
place where the sword handle meets the 
scabbard, — wo hutszrogeru, to draw the 
sword a little from the scabbard, so as to 
ease the tightness, and be ready for instant 

Koi-KA, 3 h;5r, J8 5ii:, w. A love song. 

Koi-KOGARE,-rw,-^a, 3 1 3 /rix/p, tj^ ^, 
To be inflamed with love. 

Koi-MANEKi,-7jw,-i^a, 3 t^^^, %^ tB» 
tv. To call, invite, bid. Syn. shOdai 


Koi-MOTOME,-rw,-^a, 3 t ^ h > ;u, ^ ^, 

To get by asking. 
tKoiN, 3^/r ^, ll ^, n. Descendant, 

posterity. Syn. shi-son. 
Ko-iy, ^V^Ayy%^,n. Time. See 

tKoiN, 3 ^^ ^,^ "l', (nochino iayoru) 

w. Future opportunity, (in writino^,) at 

another time. Nao — wo goshUoro^ I will 

write you again. 
KOI-NEGAWAKUBA, a h ^ if ^\ ^ ->^, ^, 

adv. That which I earnestly request, beg, 

or particularly desire. 
Koi-NEGAi,-o,-o^a, 3 v.^if7y^yUv. To 

beg for, earnestly request, or desire, to 

pray for. 
Ko-IKU, ^/f^, ij> JSj, «. A young dog, 

KOI-OTOKO, 3b:i'f3,^^,w. A lover. 
KoiSHiGARi,-ni,-^^a, =i^'yif)V, JSj^*-*'- 

To long for, to desire earnestly to see, to 

think fondly of. 
KoiSHll,-Kl, 3 k^/f , jgl, a. That which 

is absent and thought of with love, desire, 

or fondness. Oya ga — , longing to see 

one's parents. Fiirusato ga — , thinking 

fondly of one's native place. Koishili mu- 

knshi tco omoi-daszy to think fondly of 

old times. Syn. natszkasiiii, yckashii, 


Digitized by 





KoiSHlKU, 3 tJ^^, ^, adv. idem. 

KoiSHlSA, ahS^-»^, Jif;, w. Longing desire 
to see, love for an absent one. 

Koi-SH'TAl,-o,-o^a, 3t>^^7, Ji5 ^} 
t, i'. 4'o long after, pine for, or desire to 
see. Ko wo •> — . 

KoiTSZ, 3/f v', ^ily vulg,=you black- 
guard, you rascal. 

Koi-UKE,-/-2i,-^a, 3 t^'J^/i^, Ijl ^, t. r. 
To ask and get, to obtain by request. 
Muszme wo niyoho ni hoi-ukeni. 

K01-WADZRAl,-d,-6to, 3h7y7 7, ^ 
^, /. v. To be love sick. Oima wo omote 

KOI-WADZRAI, 3 h 7 y f h, ^ ^, w. 

Ko-Jl, =^1^,"^ ^, {funihi koto.) Ancient 
customs and things, antiquities. — wo 
shim hHoy an antiquarian. 

Ko-Jl, 3^, f§ j:, w. A title given by 
Buddhists to deceased belie vei*s. 

tK0Jl,-52r?r, 3^^ [g 1^, (Icatalcu jitai 
szni.) Firmly to decline, rellise stoutly. 

Kojl,-r?ij-^^a, 3i?;i^, t. r. To pry with a 
lever. Kuwa de ishi wo — , to pry up a 
stone with a hoe. 

Ko-Jlj 3 ^> i?, ifl* "^j «. A kind of orange. 

K6ji,-?7^,-to, ij-^l^)^^ i. V. To become 
chronic, confirmed, or invetemte, as 
disease. Yamai ga — , the disease has be- 
come chronic. 

KoJl, 3 ^f J ij^ {(&, n. Small, or narrow 

Kojl, ^ ♦ *K, ^, n, ISLilt made by fer- 
menting rice or barley, in the process of 
making 5^^, and soy. 

Koji-AGE,-?7*,-^a, 3:^ry'^, t. V. To 
pry up, to lift with a lever. 

KoJl-AKE,-nt,-^a, 3^^r^;^; t. v. To pry 

Kojl-BUTA, -h^^t^, ^ ^, n. A shal- 
low box for holding malt. 

K0Jl-HANASHI,-SZ,-5A7a, 3^/N-^^, t. r. 
To pry apart. 

KOJIKI, 3^ d|r, ^ ^, w. A beggar. 
Syn. ui-\iN'. 

Ko-JiKl, ij^<V^, ^ ia,w. High price. 

Ko-JlX, ^l^y,!^ A, (mnhmhi no Kto,) 
n. An ancient, a man of ancient times, a 
deceased person, = the late. 

KOJIRI, 3 -^ y , It, n. The metal, or horn 
tip on the end of a scabbard. 

KOJIRU, =il^)V, sec Koji. 

tKo-JlTSZ, =i^i?y, p %n. A plea, ex- 
cuse, a reason given in justification. — ni 
szrti, to plead in justification of one's self. 
»>yn. i -oils A. 

Ko-JITSZ, 3 5^^^, iSIC SI, w. Antiquiti«5. 
— ni kiiwashii KtOj a person skilled in 
ancient customs, an antiquary. 

KoJiTSZKE,-rw,-^a, ^ ^ 5^ » ;P, 3p ®, 
t. V. To force, strain, or wrest the meaJi- 
ing of words, drawing forced resemblances, 
or analogies. Syn. fckVai szru. 

KojlTZKE, 3^i/^, P3' '^J **• Forcing, 
or wresting the meaning of words, a forcwi 
analogy, resemblance, or inference. — 
vo Tcaku. — wo iu. Syn. fuk'wai. 

Ko-j6, 3i5^i^-v^, P Jl, (kuchi de iu). 
n. Word of mouth, verbal report, or 
message. — de shiraseru. — wo iioberu, 

Ko-JU, 3^^'^, ^4*9 w. A aompaoy 
of persons assembled at a temple to chant 
prayers. — atszmatte kiyo wo yomu. 

IIKo-JU-HAN, 3f'^/\^, ij^ ^ ^, n. 
A lunch taken between dinner and sup- 

tKo-juN, **^^^, ^ Jg, «. Obedient 
and compliant. — na Kio. 

KOJUTO, 3^^ ). , 7z. Brother-in-law. 

Ko-JU-TOME, 3 i? vv )» > , n. Sister-in-law. 

Ko-KA, 3^^, ^ ^, 72. Back-hoase, 
privy. Syn. chodzba. 

Ko-KAGE, 3 fj y , Tfc ^, 71. Shade of a 

KOKE, 3>5r, g^, n. Scales, (of a fish.) 
Syn. LROKO. 

KoKE, 3 ^ , ^, n. Moss, — ni ttd^moruj 
covered with moss. 

|lK0KE,-?-i^,-^a, 3>5r;^, ^, «.r. To fall 
over, fall down. Syn. taorerd. 

Ko-KE, ij^^,'^'$i, ( Takai iye ). n. 
High family, noble house. 

Ko-KEN, 3^^^, ^ ^, (ushiromi) n. 
A guardian. — szru^ to act as guardian 
to a child. — ni nam. 

Ko-KEN-JO, =i^yi^^^, rfi # tK, W.A 
deed of sale. 

KOKERA-BUKI, a-Jr^/dj^, >[$ 3i"j «• ^ 
kind of roofing with shingles, where the 
shingles are several layers deep. 

||K0KETSZ-MAR0B1TSZ, a >5r ^;^ -r P V "f, 
adv. Stumbling and falling. 

tKo-Kl, ij^^, Ijig -g^, (iakaki taiioshi ). 
High and noble. — tia lito. 

Ko-Kl, 3i>^, $1; 7}c, n. A kind of red 

-[•Ko-Kl, ij-fj^ § ^, n. Fragrance, per- 
fume, odor, smell, aroma. Syn. kaorl 

KoKl, 3 ^ ^, Sec Koi. 

Ko-KlU, 3^1^, ^ ^, 71. A violin, or 
fiddle of three strings. — no tszru, fiddle 
strings. — tco ftsm, to play on the violin. 

fKo-Klu, =^^fy Pf' ^, 7^ Expiration and 

Digitized by 





inspiration, the breathing. — ga kurii, 
the breathing is deranged. 
Ko-KIYO, =^^^'^,tkp, (Juru^ato) n. 
Native village, birth-place. — ye kat/eru, to 
return to one^s birth-place. — waszregata- 
shi, it is impossible to forget the place of 
one's birth. Syn. kilri, 

KoKKA, =i^ij, 9 ^' r^'ww* *yO- ^* 

Country and family ; the Emperor. — no 

tame ni inochi too szteruy to die for one's 

KoKKEl, ^^^^, fi* H, «• Comical talk, 

any thing exciting laughter. — wo in, to 

talk comically, oyn. share, tawamuke. 
tKOKKlN, =i^^y, B *^, w. The laws, 

or prohibitions of a country, or state. — 

vo ohcuzy to violate the laws of a country. 
Ko-KO, -h^-h^^ # #» w. Anything 

pickled in salt. Dai-hon no — , pickled 

KOKO, n 3 , ^, fcontr. of hono tohoro). 

adv. Here, this place. Koho lashikoj here 

and there, all about, every where. 

Syn. KOCiii. 
tKo-KO, 3 3 1>, j|5 p , ( kuohiszgi ). n. 

A living, livelihood. 
tKo-KO, 3 7{fi>, flj JJJ, (moniohiji), n. 

Used only in the phrase; — no slnuy a 

faithful servant, — one who is to his master 

like legs and arms. 
Ko-KO, 7^iy^i> :^ fj, w. Obedience to 

parents, filial pi^iy. Oya ni — wo sznt, 

to obey one's parents. 
Ko-KO, =1=1^^^ p^ (toranohichi), n. 

A place, or condition of extreme danger. 

— no nan wo nogarenu 
tKo-KO, >5^ 7 ♦ ^ 7 ^ , ^i ^i, adv. Bright, 

shiny, clear. — to sKta ten-kiy a bright, 

sunny day. 
KoKOCHl, i3 3-f, ijji J||, fcontr.of^^oro 

mochl J. n. The feelings, sensations. 

spirits. — ga warui^ to feel unwell. 

tKOKODA, or KOKODAKU, a a ^* ^, 

H^ ^, Many. — no tszmi, many sins. 
KoKOMOTO, 3 3^)., jlt X> This place, 

here ; I, me. 
Ko-KON, =i=ty, "6" ^5 (nwhashi to ima). 

n. Ancient and modern times. — ;*/ ma- 

renaru Kto. 
KOKONOKA, 33 y^, ^L 0> Ninth day 

of the month. 
KOKONOTSZ, :»3 ; j^, j;>L, Nine. — dohi^ 

twelve o'clock, M. 
fKOKONOYE, a=x;^^ JL%i «• The Mi- 
kado's palace. (From its nine inclo- 


tKoKORA, 3 3 f , fi^ ^, Many. — no to- 
shi, many years. 

KoKOBO, a:2xi, jjji, 71. Heart, mind, will, 
thought, affection, reason, meaning, sig- 
nification. — ni kaharu, to be anxious, 
concerned. — ni hakerUy to bear in mind, 
charge the mind with. — wo UzkusKie^ 
with the whole heart. — ni hand, to suit 
one's mind. — no naiKto, one without nat- 
ural affection ; a careless, thoughtless 
person. Ji no — , the meaning of a char- 
acter. Nan no — de iJcatta ha wakaranai, I 
don't know why he became angry. — ni 
makaszj to suit one's pleasure. 

KOKORO-ATE, aavTf, >& ^, W. That 
on which one depends, trusts, calculates 
on, or looks to, as a 8upi>ort or encourage- 
ment in doing anything. — ga nai^ have 
no one to look to. — ni naranu liloy a 
person not to be depended on. — ga ha- 
dzreruy to fail in one's hope. Syn. ate, 


KORORO-BASE, aaVj^'t^, ^, n. The 

KoKOKO-BAYE, 3 3 p^^^, ^^ w. The nat- 
ural disposition, heart. — no yohi oxtnaj 
a good hearted woman. Syn. shintei. 

KOKORO-BOSOI, 3 3 p ^ y /f , )J^> IH, n. Sad 
and anxious, pensive, gloomy, lonely in 

KoKORO-DATE, nav^f^ v^ jfcj «. Tem- 
per, disposition, heart. 

KOKORO-DZKAI, :2nv^)fi)t^ jjji Jg, n. 

Trouble of mind, solicitude, anxiety, per- 
plexity, care. — wo szruy to be troubled 
about. Syn. shimpai, kidzkai. 

KOKORO-DZKI,-/i?f,-Z^a, aav>/^, i5P&> 
i.v. To suddenly recollect, or think of, to 
strike one's mind, or attention. Kokoro- 
dzite sagasz^ suddenly recollecting to search 
for any thing. 

KOKORO-PZMORI, 3 3py^i;, 3|f |g, n. 
Thinking over, planning, reckoning, or es- 
timating in the mind. — wo szni. 

KOKORO-GAKARI, 3 3 p ;5''^ V , >& S> ^• 
Any thing on one's mind, care, concern. 

K0K0R0-GAKE,-n^,-^«, 3 3P;5r^;U, jjj^ 
j^, uv. To keep in mind, fix in the mind, 
to have a care about, to think about. Hei- 
zei kokorogakete iru. 

KOKORO-GAKE, nnvjf^^ )5i ^, w. 
Thought, care, caution. — gayoi, thought- 
ful, careful, mindful. 

KOKORO-GAMAYE, 3 3P,^-^^, j{J» ^. 
71. Previous preparation, or readiness of 
mind, mind made up before hand for a fu- 
ture contingency. — ico sJite matsz, to 

Digitized by 





wait for anything with one's mind ready 
to meet it. 

KOKORO-GAWARI, 3tnvij'/\^), >5» #, 
n. Changing one's mind, renouncing for- 
mer views. — ^a sk'te tehi ni naruy to be a 
turncoat and become an enemy. 

KOKORO-GOKORO, aa-pJ^np, JJJi ijj, 
Various minds, diverse opinions. — noyo 
no naka, a world of various opinions. — nt 
mono wo sznXy to do things, each according 
to his own notion, or pleasure. 

K0K0B0-KUBARI,3 3-p^^^V, jjj^ fE» W- 
Distraction, or perplexity of mind from 
various engagements. 

KOKORO-MADOl, 3 3P-«?Kh, >& ^j W. 
Perplexity, bewilderment. 

KOKORO-MAKASE-Nl, 33p-«?^^ri, ^ 
5^, (dzii») adv. As one pleases, just as 
one likes, to his own mind. 

K0K0B0-Ml,-?-Z*,-^a, 3 3 p > ;U, g{, t r. 

To try, prove, test, examine. Syn. tamesz. 

KojiORO-MocHi, 3 3p^-f, )5^, w. The 
feelings, spirits. — ga waruiy to feel bad 
* or unwell. Toi — da, how pleasant it is, 
(to one's feelings.) 

KokoRO-MOTO-NAl,-Kl ,-KU, 3 3 p ^ f 
^^, ^ i6 X> That which one is un- 
easy about, uncertain and anxious, doubt- 
ful, apprehensive. Yo no ma no kaze mo 
— , am apprehensive the wind may blow to 
night. Kokoro motonahi omo^ to feel doubt- 
ful about. Syn. obotszkaxai. fu-aksbin. 

IlKOKORO-MUKE, anp/.*^, ^ ®> '*• 
Disposition, temper. Syn. Ki suitsz, ko- 

KOKORO-NARADZ, 3 n p-)-f j^, ^f J^ ^jj, 
Contrary to one's will, or desire; without 
wishing. — dete kayeru, contrary to his 
wishes he returned. Syn. iioi nakcj, fu- 


yKoKORO-NE, 3 3p:j, >& >K> f^ Heart, 
disposition, temper. Syn. suin-tei. 

KOKORO-OKI-NAKU, =i=^V^^'^^^ |R^>6 
■J|;> ddv. Without backwardness, without 
tear, or hesitation. Sj-n. uabakari naku, 


K0K0R0-YASZ1,-K1,-KU, 3 3P->^^/f, ^{Ji 
^, Easy, not difficult, intimate, friend- 
ly, easy, free from care. Kokoro-yaszi Jiioy 
a friend. 

KoKOROYE,-rW,-fa, a 3 P m;U, >5 ?#? 
t. i\ To know, perceive, to notice, under- 
stand, comprehend, to assent to. 

K0K0R0-Y0I,-KI^-KU,-O,-SHI, a=iVB^, 
^, Well, easy, comfortable. Kokoro-yohi 
hirmtJCfe oru, living comfortably, at ease. 

KoKORO-ZAmiy-szy-sh'ta, =i3iv^';^, ^, 

t. V. To purpose, intend, design, to aim 
at, to desire. Osaka ye kokorozasKte yuhti, 
to purpose going to Osaka. 




purpose, intention, design, aim, desire, 
liopc. — wo tayerUj to succeed in one's 
aim. — no okl h'iOy a person of great 
aims, an ambitious man. 
KoKU, 3^j ^, or 5> w« -A. grain meas- 
ure of ten to, equal to 5.13 bushels, or 
7.551 cub. feet. 
KoKU, 3^, g, (Kxmi,) n. Kingdom, 

state, country. Ikkoku, one state. 
KoKU, 3^ ig, adv. Thick, or dense in 
consistence, deep in color, strong in taste, 
see ICoi. 
tKoKU, 3^5^, H, (Kuroi.) Black. 
KoKU, 3/J^, ^\\\ 71, The fourth of a Japan- 
ese hour,=haJf an hour English. 
KoKU, 3^, is, w. Cereals, grain. Goko- 

ku, the i^ye cereals. 
Ko-KU, 3^i>f, S^, n. Empty space. 
Kumshhide — wo tszkamu, in agony to 
grasp at empty air. — ni ayaru, to 
ascend into space. 
Ko-KUBI, 3^v, >J^ "M*, Used in the 
phrase ; Kokuhi wo katamukuru, to incline 
the head to one side for a little while, (as 
in deep thought.) 
•j-KOKU-BlYAKU^ 3^t*-Y^, ^ |&, {ku- 

ro shiro.) AVliite and black. 
fKOKU-BO, 3^^, g -{j^, (kvni no haha.) 
n. The Emperor's mother, the Queen- 
KOKUCHIU, 3^^^, IS 4*? {kiininouch'.) 
The whole state. — ni fure-watasz, to 
proclaim through the whole stAte. 
KOKU-DO, 3^ K, H i, {kuni iszcht.) «. 

Country, state. 
KOKU-DZKE, 3^y^, ^ #, ^. Marking 
the time on a letter, or circular, when it 
was received and transmitted, to insure 
despatch. — wo slCte tegami wo yam. 
KOKU-FU, 3 ^ 7 t> , g jS, (kuni no fuzo- 

ku.) n. Customs of a country. 
KOKU-GEN, =i^^y,M K> (^^^ v?o ka- 
giru,) 7h The fixed time, appointed time, 
the time, hour. — dori ni hini, to come 
punctually to the time. — wo kimni, to 
set a time. 
KoKU-HO, 3^>»n7, g ^, n. Laws of a 

KOKU-IN, 3^>i ^, gj PP, w. The stamp, 

or private chop on a coin. — wo uisz. 
KOKU-MOTSZ, ^^^^^^j is $Sf, «• Gr«'"» 

Digitized by 





KoKU-o, ::^^7*, H 3E, w. The King, 
ruler of a state. 

KO-KURAGARI, =^^ ^ ^\) , ^h J^, Little 
dark, twilight, duskj, gloomy. 

KOKU-SAN, 3^^^>', ^, n. The pro- 
ductions of a country. 

KOKU-SEl, 3 ^ -k ^ , g ^, (hint no matiz- 
rigoto,) n. The government of a state. 

IlKoKU-SEi, 3^ -k^ , S ^, 71. The manu- 
factures of a country. 

Ko-KUSHi, =i^i/^ g ^, (huni no taz^ 
kasa,) n. The title of the eighteen princi- 
pal Daimios of Japan. 

fKoKu-SHOGAN, =^^'y^ ^ify, ^^^, 

n. Amaurosis. Syn. soKOul, ^aisho, 


tKOKU-SHOKU, ^^^3^5 H fi, (Koroi 
irojj n. Black color. 

tKOKU-SHOKU, 3^5^3^,g^, n. A 
most heautifiil woman. 

KoKu-SflOKu, ^iJ'S^^, g ^, w. The 
lord, or ruler of a state, same as jKolu-shu 

KoKU-80, s2 ^ y ^ „. A kmd of stuff used 
for staining wood. 

tKoKU-SZ, 3>^x, 55, {nalu.) To cry. 

KoKU-TAN, ^^^yy^^yu. Ebony. 

Ko-K'WAl, =^^^/V4y ^ % (nochini 
hiyamuy) n. Sorrow, or regret for some- 
thing done, repentance, remorse, comr 
punction. — wr«, to repent. — sakinita- 
tadzy repentance cannot mend it. 

tKo-KVATSZ, :^^^7>^, 3gg 3f, Cun- 
ning, knavish. Syn. warogashkoi, sa- 


KOKU-YAKU, a^^^^ ^ ^, n. Public 
service, work done for the government by 
farmers, for which no pay is received ; tax 
in money paid to defray public expenses. 

— wo tsztormiru, — wo dasz. Syn. KU- 


K0Ku.YB,n>5r:t^ 11355^ {huroi Hmono) , n. 

The black robe worn by Buddhist priests, 

on first entering the priesthood. 
tKoMA, =»^, Ig ft, n. The ancient name 

KoMA, 3-^, n. A top. — wo mawan, 

to spin a top. 
KoMA 3^, ^ ^^ n. Chessmen, a pawn. 

— wo sasz, to move a chessman. 
KoMA, n.^^ |§^ „. A colt. 
Ko-MA, n-r, >J> p^, n. A small room. 
KoMA, 3 ^, :g, n. The bridge of a guitar. 
KOMADORI, ^ V K i; , |g ,^, n. A small 

bird. ^ 

KOMADSZKAI, 3^v/^t, ij> F^ ^, i 
A small servant girl. 

KOMA-GOMA-TO, a^o-^),, ilH ^y adc. 

Minutely, particularly. — lu, — kahu. 

Syn. KuwAsniKU, nenqoroni. 
IlKoMAGOTO, a ^zf J. , ij, -g-, „. Same as 


Ko-«/». ^^'f, 1& ^, (furuffom).. n. 
Old rice. 

KOMA-INU, 3^.} jr, IS ^, n. The stone 
image of a dog before Sintoo temples. 

KOMAKA-N A, ^ -r * -^ , m, a. Fine, small, 
mmute, stingj. Syu. hosoi, chisai. ' 

KOMAKA-Nl, 3^^-, |H,«^j,. Minutely, 
particularly, fine, small. — hxhu^ to write 
particularly. — hifuy to cut fine. 

KO-MAKURA, :^^^^yih^,n. A small 
pad, or cushion, fixed on a wooden pillow 
to make it softer. 

KOMAMONO, ^-^^/, ij. K ^, 72. Toilet 

articles, such as, mirror, comb, rouge, 

toothbrush, powder, &c. Komamonoya, 

a shop where ladies toilet articles are 


Ko-MAN, ij^^yy 1^ ^, n. Pride, 
haughtiness, arrogance, boasting. — na- 
ru, proud, haughty, arrogant, consequen- 
tial. — gzru, to be proud, to boast, brag. 

KO-MANAKA, n^^ij^ >J> f^ ^^ ^. The 

quarter of a mat. 
K0.MANEKl,-te,-zYc7, 3-^^^, >J^ ^, 

t.v, 'i'o beckon with the hand. 

To fold the arms. Te wo homatmte tatszy 

to stand with folded arms. 
KOMARASE,-?-?^,-^a, n^f^jv^ ^ gg^ 

(canst, of Komaru). To trouble, aiHict, 

vex, annoy, molest, distress. HHo wo , 

to cause trouble to others. 
K0MARi,-7^i^,-^ia, 3^/1., ^,uv, Troubled, 

annoyed, vexed, aflSicted, distressed. Kane 

ga nakiite komaru, troubled because^one 

has no money. Samukute — , distressed 

by the cold. Syn. mkiwaku szru. 
KOMATA, =i^^, ij>g5;, n. The crotch 

between the legs, short steps. — ni am- 

hi, to walk with short steps. 
KOMAYAKA, 3^Y;&, ^, Fine, Email, 

minute, delicate, (same as Komaka). 

na g^wan-yahi^ small pills. — ni kiku, 

to listen attentively. 
KOMAYE, 3^-N, ij> Uj n. Lowest classes 

of people. 
KoMAYE, 3^^, H »f , n. The bamboo 

strips used as lathing for plastered walls. 

— wo kaku, to lath, 
KOMAYOSE, ^^3^,^^y n. A low 

picket fence, pale-fence. 

Digitized by 





KOM-BAN, 3 y^^y, ^ Bft, adc. To night, 
this evening. Sjn. kon-ya. 

KOM-BU, 3 >'/, ^ ^, w. A kind of sea- 
weed, (same as Aohu). 

KOME, 3>, ^, w. Rice, (the grain un- 
boiled. — yio ho, rice flour. — Kto tsz- 
bu, a grain of rice. 

'K0UE-ru,'-4a, 3^;U, |g, f.v. To put 
into. Tf^o ni tama wo — , to load a gun 
with a ball. Kokoro wo konieie lion wo 
ifomu, to read with attention. Yo wo 
homete torinosorane wo hakaruy rising 
before dawn to imitate the crowing of a 
cock. (poet). Shiro ni Uzwamono wo — , 
to place troops in a fortress. Syn. irkku. 

KOME-BITSZ, 3> t'^, % ffl[, n. A rice- 

KOME-BUKURO, 3>7*^p, ;J[t g, W. A 
rice-bag or sack. 

KOME-BURUI, 3> /;Uh tJ^ ^, w. A rice 

KOME-DAWARA, a^^/\f, ^ ^> ^- A 
Straw rice-bag. 

KOMEGURA, 3>?'/-9, :J|^ m, w. A Store- 
house for rice, rice granary. 

Ko MEI, ij^;^A,l^^, (nadahai). n. 
Famous, celebrated, great reputati^.n. 

KoME-KAMl, 3> 7?^ ^ , l!$ ^, w. The tem- 
ples, or articulation of the lower jaw. 

KOME-MUSHI, a/j>^t/^ ^ ^, n, A rice 

KoME-OKIj-ZcWj-zYa, 3>?»t^, H Sj 
/.r. To-place in, to giirrison. 

KoMERO, 3^^^, >J>:&fiBj »«• A young 
female servant. 

KOMERU, 3pl;l., ^Q%Kome. 

KoMETSZKl, api^^r, tJ^ ^g' ^*- A person 
who cleans rice by pounding it in a mortar. 

KoMEYA, 3;t-v, 7ft M> «• A rice-store, 
grain merchant. 

tK6-MI, ij^ly jtf g^, (yohi ajiwai). n. 
Good flavor, sweet taste. Syn. umai. 

KoMi,-mw,-nda, a/*, ^, t.v. To put 
into ; mostly used affixed to the roots of 
verbs, with the meaning of, into, or in, 
Teppo ni tama wo — , to put a ball into a 
gun. Nage-kojnUf to throw into. Buchi- 
Xomiiy to hammer into, &c. 

Komi, 3 ^ , J^, ?/. In the lump ; several 
things of different kinds, or values, at 
once. Komi ni hau, to buy in the lump, or 
gross. Komi de ikura, how much for the 
lot ? or in the lump ? 

KoMi-AGE,-r2^,-^a, 3 > r y /^, Pg IJf, 
t V. To retch, heave, or strain in vomiting. 
Taheta mono wo komiageru^ to retch, and 
vomit what has been eaten. 

KoMi-Ai,-aw,-a<^a, =^l77^^^y i-t. 
Crowded together. 

KoMi-iRi,-rt/,-^^a,3 > /} ;u, g.;^^, ,>. To 
enter pell-mell. I'eki shiro ni komi-itta. 

Ko-MWlN, a^t'^, ^ ^,n. Fine pieces. 
— 7u kudaku, to break into powder. 

KoMl-YA, a ^ -V, jjl ;H;> ^- A ramrod. 

K6-MIY0, 3^ ^-vt*^, J^ iS, w. Famous, 
celebrated, or illustrious deeds. 

fKo-MlYO, ^V^l^^y yt^B, n. Glory, 
splendor, halo of light. Hi no < — , the 
glory of the sun. Butsz no — , the glory 
arourid the head of Buddha. 

tKoMMo, 3y-«?iy, ^ g, (sMkirini nozo- 
mu). Earnest desire. — szru. 

KoMMORl-TO, =iy^])\.^ adv. Dark. — 
sh'fa i/ama, a dark, wooded, mountain 
detached from others, as seen from a 

KoMO, 3^, ^, n. Straw matting, used 
for making bags. 

fKo-MOCH 1-DZKl, 3 ^ -f- y J|f^ , >J> g J , 
n- The fourteenth day of the month. 

KOMO-DARE, a^^vx, m H, n. A straw 
mat hung before the door ot the poor. 

tKoMOGOMO, a^a'^, ^, fl(fr. 3Iutually. 
Jo ge — ri wo totte kuni ayaukarany when 
superiors and inferiors try to snatch the 
profit one from the other the country is 
endangered. Syn. tagai ni. 

KOMO-KABURI, 3^3t;rV, ^ ^, n. Cov- 
ered with straw matting, (as a sake tub.) 

Ko-MON, =^^y^ >]> J^, n. Small figures 
on cloth. 

K6-M0N, =^^^y,^ P^, n. The anus. 

Ko-MONO, 3^y, >J^ ^, (meshitszkai).n. 
A young servant boy. 

KOMARASE,-rW,-fa, 3^;?-t;U, /^ ^, 
(canst, of Komoru.) To order to, or let, 
others be confined, or shut up in quarters. 

KoMom,-ru,-tta, 3 ^;i-, ^, 1. p. To be 
shut up in, confined in, immured, inchi- 
ded, contained, comprised. Tszwamono shi- 
ro ni komoUe teki wo matszj the troops 
shut up in the castle wait for the enemy. 
Fugu-gomori, confined to the house by the 
cold, to go into winter quarters. Hega w 
kukt ga — , the air of this room is close. 

Ko-MORI, 3^1;, >J> ijjp, n. A young fe- 
male nurse. 

KoMORL ^^^V, jjg jjg, (hmpuhu) n. 
A hat 

KoMORl-DO, 3;^i;^)>,|g^,w. A place 
near a Ifiga, where the worshiper remaius 
shut up for several days, without sleep or 
food, to supplicate the Kami for some 

Digitized by 



KON ^ 



KOMOSO, n^y^, ^ ^ ff , n. A kind 
of Buddhist religionist, who, when he goes 
out begging, dresses in white, wears a 
basket oyer his head and fuce, and plays 
on a flute. 

tKoMPAKU, 3 yxf^, 5I ^1, n. The spirit 
of the dead, the soul. Syn. tahashii. 

KoM-PAN, 3 y^^y, ^ )JJ, adv. This time. 
Syn. KOiXDo, kono-tabi. 

KOMPEITO, r.:/K>f ^^, i^ 2|> |g, n. A 
kind of candy. 

KOM-PON, ^y^y, i^ TfC, n. The ori- 
gin, beginnini^ ; the place or cause from 
vhich any thing originates. Syn. moto, 


KOMCGI, nA^, ij^ ^, n. Wheat. — WO- 
h, wheat flour. 

KoMURA, 3-2*7, Bg, n. The ankle bone; 

KoMURAGAYERi, =iu^ff^\)^ n. Cramp 
in the calf of the leg. 

E:oMURi,-rM,-^ia, i3^J^j\^, |g, %. v. To 
receive from a superior. Go-men wo — , to 
receive permission from government. On 
«■() — , to receive kindness, (from superiors.) 


KoMURl, ^♦rV, ^, «. A kind of cap 

worn by nobles. 
KoN, ziy^ 1^, Numeral for glasses of 

wine, as, Sake ikkon, one wine-glass full 

of sah ; ni'ion ; san-gon, 
fKoN, ay^ ^,{kin.)n. Gold, golden. 
tKoN, 3 y^ ^^ (ima.) Now, this ; used 

only in comp. words. 

^^^K =' ^, M, n. A dark blue color. Kon 
no iro. 

KoNA, ^^-j-, ^,n. Flour, meal, fine pow- 
der of any thing. — m szru, to pulverize. 

KONAIDA, =1^4^, Jlfc P4,(cont.ofir^o 
atda.) adv. Lately, recently, within a few 

tKo-NAN, =x^^y^ ^MAnochinonati- 
gi) Future calamity, future trouble. 

KoNABE,-ri^,-^a, ^-M^/u, ^, uv.Re- 
auced to powder, digested. Sliokunwtsz 
9<i —, food is diijestcd. Syn. suo-kVa 

K0NASfli-52,-«/i7a, a^^, t r. To re- 
dace to powder, or make fine ; to digest, 
to thresh, to deride, to treat with ridicule. 
7$teht wo — , to break fine the hard soil. 
^hohmwtn wo — , to digest food. Jne wo 
—y to thresh rice. HHo wo — , to ridicule 

^ another. 

KONATA, ^^^., ^-^f^ (contr. of A7>;?o. 
^«) adv. Here, this side; I, you, (lo in- 
lonors.) Kawa no — -, this side of the 

C 3 

river. Konata wa doko ye itta^ where have 
you been ? Anata-koncda^ here and there, 
both sides, both persons. 

KON-CHO, nyr^y^ "^.adv. This morn- 
ing. Syn. KESA. 

KON-DO, 3 :/ K, -^ H, adv. This time, 
now, at the present time. 


tKoN-DZRU, 3 y^^^ ^j {majiru.) U r. 

To mix, mingle. 
K0NE,-rw,-^a, a^,i., ^, ^. r. To knead, 

to work. Pan wo — , to knead bread. 

Tszchi wo — , to work mortar. 
KoNEN, n^i^y^^^^ (nochi no tosht,) 

n. Future year, years to come. 
tKoN-GEN, =^yYy, ^ X, n. Begin- 

nmg, origin. Syn. kompon. 
KON-GETSZ, ^^yy-^y^ R, (imano ffiz- 

hj n. This month, present month, 
tKON-Gl, or KON-TENGI, ay^, ^ JH, 

n. A celestial globe. 
tKoN-GI, ^y^,M^,n. Marriage con- 

tract. — wo tarhmuszbu, to contract a 

tKoN-GO, =iy^^^ ^ mij, n. Adamant, 

hard, invincible. 
KoN-GO-RiKl-SHl, ayp'^\)^^ ^W:Jj 

dbj w. The monster idols, which guard 

the gates of Buddhist temples. Also called, 

M'O, the two Kings. 
KoN-Go-SEKi, ^yp'^^^, ^ pm ;5, n. 

The diamond. 
Kon-g5-sha, ifyij^fy^, ^ »J ^, n. 

Diamond sand, or emery. 
KONGOTSZYE, ^yif^^iSL, ^ % ^, n. 

A staff with metal rings on the top, cai*- 

ried by Buddhist priests. 
KoN-1, ^^'f, ^ S) (nengoronolokoro.) 

Intimate, familiar, friendly. — no Kioy a 

KONIDA, a^-jr-, ,J, ^ IJJ;, „. A pack- 

Ko-NIN, =1 ^ - ;/, PI ^, n. One who sur- 

renders, and sides with the victorious 


KON-IN, =^>Ay,f^ jg, n. A marriage, 
wedding. Syn. kon-rei. 

fKoN-JlKI, ^y':>^,^^, (logane no 
iro.) Golden color. — no hikart, golden 

KoN-jo, ^yi^y^,^ ^, ({nuz no nio- 
chu) This life. — no itoniagoi wo szru, 
to lake leave of life, or of friends, when 
about to die. 

KoN-JO, =iyi^^^, ;K 'ttj w. Natural dis- 
position, temper. 


Digitized by 





KoN-Kl, =iy^, ;jft H, w. Natural vigor, 

nervous power, energy. 
KON-KIU, =iy^^j H 3||> «• Poverty, 

want. Syn. bimbO. 
tKoN-KlYO, =iy^^, 4" ^> Early this 

morning, to-day*s dawn. 


tKoN-KU, 3 ;/^, g =g, n. Distress and 

KONNA, 3 >^, jifc mi* (contr. of K(mO' 
yona.) This way, this manner, so, thus, 
such. Koniia koto tea naif there never wjis 
any thing like this. Kojio ko tea dosKte 
konna koto wo iu daro^ why does this child 
talk in this way ? IConna mtuzmej such a 
daughter i\» this. 

KON-NEN, 3 ^:f ;/, ^ ^, {irm no toshu) 
This year. Syn. ko-toshi, t6-nex. 

KON-NICHI, ny:L^^^ 0, To-day, this 
day. He km-nichiy a salutation,=«good 
day. Syn. KIy5, t6-jitsz. 

KON-NIYAKU, 3^;i-V^, fS JglfjW.Akmd 
of edible root^ 

KoNO, 3/, jlfc, (Comp. of Ko, this, and 
gen. part. No,) n. This. Ko)w Kto, this 
man. Kono hony this book. Yorokohi hono 
wiye tea nashty no greater joy than this. 

Ko-n6, 3 ♦ / ♦, ;gf 16, n. Virtue, eiRca- 
cy, power, (only of medicine.) JCmio hi- 
szri wa ko-no ga nat\ this medicine has no 
virtue. Syn. kikime. 

KONO-AIDA, 3/r>f^, jIt f^,adv. Late- 
ly, recently, within a few days past. 
Syn. KONO-QORO, sknjitsz, itszzOya, 

KoNO-BUN, =2/ry, Jifc ^, w. This way, 
this manner, this condition. — iii sh'te 
szmasz ka, shall I let it stop here ? or 
end in this manner? Syn. kono-mama, 


tKoxo-CHI, 3^-f, Jifctt, w. This place, 

or region. 
KONO-tiAKl, ^'^y^jJT:^, ^ fg :g:,n. A 

paper containing an account of the virtues 

of a medicine. 
KONO-GO, 3 >^, jIt ^, adv. After this, 

hereafter, henceforth. 

Syn. KGXo-Nocul. 
KoNO-GORO, =^^=fv, jIfc t|, adv. Lately, 

recently. Syn. kono-aida. 
Ko-NO-HA, 3 />N, ;f; 3g, w. A leaf of a 

Koxo-HEN, 3 y ^ >, Jt Jft, w. This 

Kono-h6, ay.s^, jit ;^, n. This side, 

this one; I, nie. — (/a t/of\ this is the 


KONO-HODO, 3y:j^K, j|fc g, culr. Late- 
ly, recently. 

KONO-HOKA, 3/^ii;, jIt ^, Besides 
this, excepting this, besides, moreover yeU 
— ni mada aru ka^ have you any besides 

tKoNO-KAMI, ^/ijly %,n. Elder bn»- 
ther. Syn. ani. 

KONO-KATA, =^/i3^y ^iJ, adv. From 
that time until now, since that time, since 
then, ever since. Kai-Hyaku — . since 
the beginning of the world. Ana Kto Te- 
do ye itte kara kcnokaia icadzraiU imast^ 
he has been sick ever since he went to 

► Yedo. Syn. imamade, i-rai. 

|;K0N0MASH1I,-K1,-KU,-U, a /■r^'vf, 
if ^, Agreeable, pleasant, desirable. 

KoNOME, 3 /> , tJc ^, w. Bud of a tree. 

KONOMI, =' / I f :^ lly n. Fruit of a tree. 

KoNOMi,-m«,-nda, a/i*, j^, t^;. To 
like, be fond of, to relish, to be pleased 
with, to desire. Mikan wo — , like oran- 
ges. Tahako wo konomanuy do not like 
tobacco. Yedo wo konomi-masefi^ don't 
like Yedo. Bon wo konomu^ fond of books. 
Syn. szKiT, NOzOMtJ, nbgau. 

Ko-XO-MOXO, ^'^/^y, # 1^, n. Rad- 
ishes pickled in salt and bran, very of- 
fensive to the smell. 

KONO-XOCHI, 3 / /^, jJI ^, (traijyodv. 
Hereafter, henceforth, after this. 

Kono-okata, 3/:J-ii;^, Jlt^:fr, Thii 
man, this person, (polite). 

KONORI, 3 y y , 58;, ». A small kind of 

KOXOSHIRO, 3/j^p, U, n. A kind of 

KONO-TABI, =» /^ ^', jlfc j8t> ^^' This 

lime, Syn. kondo. 
KOXO-YUYE-NI, 3/JI.X-, J^tfCj On 

this account, therefore. Syn. korje-ds. 
fKox-RAN, 3^:?>', iS ft> Confused, 

mixed, blended together in disorder. 


KoN-REl, 3;/ix/I, jg H, A wedding, 
marriage ceremonies. — wo szru, to cel- 
ebrate a wedding. Syn. kon-in. 

KON-RlU,-52rM, n y'}) y^ ^ Ay ^0 
build, erect. Syn. tateru. 

KON-RO, ^yp, ^jjj[, n. An earthen- 
ware furnace. 

fKON'-SEI, 3 ^ -k ^ , ^ 'K, (nengoro-na no- 
sake). Kindness, friendship, btnevolence. 
Syn. sHi.v-jiTsz, shin-setsz. 

KON-SEKI, ayjt^y ^ ^, This evening. 


Digitized by 





tKoK-SHI, 3^5^, S^, (nengoro nam 
kokorozashtj. Kindness, goodwill, benev- 
olence. Syn. SHiN-SETSz. 

1Kon-t5, =^y^^, ^ ^, Falling, from 
dizziness, or faiotness. 

tKoN-TON, 3;/}.;/, ^ fife, «. Chaos, 
the condition of the earth before it was re- 
duced to form and order. 

KONU, 3^, ;^ >jj5, (neg. of iff, kuruy hi- 
ta). Not come. Mada konUj not yet come.. 
Ano Kto konu maye ni yuki-nasarey go be 
fore he comes. 

KONUKA, =^^fj,^,n. Rice-bran. 

KOMUKA-AMB, zijtfjr/y n. A fine, driz- 
zling rain. 

KoN-YA, 3 y^, ^ :jg, To-night, this 

KoN-YA, 3 >^, ^ M, w. A dye-house, 

KON-ZATSZ, =»^^f 5^, S .^, w. Confu- 
sion, disorder; mixed, or jumbled together. 
— szru. Syn. toki komi. 

K6-0TSZ, ij7ir:^, 9 Zjy (tart dart). 
These and those persons, good or bad, 
superior or inferior. — nashty they are 
ail alike. — wo tszkeruy to say which is 

KOPPA, 3 5^^N-, TfC ir, «. A chip of wood. 
Koj^yarOf a block-head. 

jKoppAi, ^ :^yU , JR ^, ». Back of the 
head, occiput. 

fKoppo, a 5^^<7, ^ ^, (Jione gumi) n. 
The frame of the body. 

KOPPU, =2>^y, Jg ^, (derived from 
the L>utch), n. A wine glass. 

KORAl, 3& ♦ 7 4 , ^ S. » ^^«rea. 

tKoBAl, 3^/f, -jtj- 5jc^ (mukashi yari). 
From ancient times. 

fKo-RAl, =t^^A, i^ ^, adv. Hence- 
forth, in future, hereafter. 

fKoBAl, ^7^yA, %'^,= aide nasam; 
your coming, used in letters only, as, Go 
korai hudasare sorayedmno me ni hika- 

Ko-aAN, =i^7y,^^, n.A balustrade 
around the top of a building. 


K0KARE,-ri*,--^a, 3^u.;w, ^ ^^ -poten. 

mood of A7, Kuni, Kituy can come. 

Neg. Korarenu, cannot come. Neg. conj. 

Koraredzmba, if he cannot come. Ash'ta 

horareruka^ can you come to-morrow V 
K6RASE,->"i/,-fa, nt^^^ji^, ^ Jg, 

(caust. of Kom.) To cause to freeze. 

Midz wo — . to freeze water. 
KoRASHi,-.s-z;-5/i'<a, ^^;^, ^, i.v. To 

correct, punish, chastise, or reprove for 

one's good, to chasten. Jg, To give one's 
whole mind to, or concentrate ones powers 
on anything. Aku tea — , to punish 
wickedness. Kokoro wo korasKte gaktunnu 
wo szrUj to concentrate one's mind on 
study. Syn. sekkan szrtj, semeuu. 

KORASHIME, 3 f j^,^ , gj, n. Reproof, pun- 
ishment, chastisement, correction, — no 
tameni katido wo szru, to punish a sou 
by disinheriting him. Syn. imasuime. 

KoBASHiME,-rw,-^a, a^y/fl., ^, (.V. 
To correct, reprove, to punish, chastise. 

KoRAYE,-rw,-^a, =i9=^f^y i|, t, V. To 
bear, endure, suffer patiently, to forbear. 
Jtami wo — , to bear pain. Ikari tea — , 
to forbear anger. Syn. kan-nin szrc, 


K0BAYE.KANE,-rW,~^a, =^7 ^Ljj :^)\.j jg 
^, tv. Impossible to bear, or hard to 

KORAYERARE,-ri^,-fa, =« -^ 3: f i/;U, PasS. 
or poten. mood of Koraye. Can bear. 
Korayerarenu^ neg. cannot be borne. 

KoRE, 3 1^, ^, or jJt, pro. This. Kore- 
karoy or Koreyori^ alter this, henceforth. 
Koregirij this is all. Korenomi, thLs only. 
Kore liodoj so much. Kore hakari, this 
only. Kore ni yotte^ on this account. Kore 
wa nanij what is this ? 

Kore, aix, Exclam. in vulg. coll. in or- 
dering, or commanding an inferior, as, 
Kore sa koko ye konai ka, are you not com- 
ing here ? 

KoRERA, cJu-f, jifc ff, (plural of AV<>.) 

KORE-SHIKI, 31/^^^, jJb |S» This kind. 
— no koio. — no h'to. Syn. 

Ko-Rl, ^^y, "i^' ^!|, w. High rate of 
interest, usury. — wo torn. 

KORl, ij^y), ^, n. A bale, package, gen- 
erally of 100 catties. Ito hHo kori, one 
bale of silk. 

KoRl, =^t>\), JSfC, n. Ice. — gaharus the 
ice forms, it freezes. — ga tokem^ the ice 

KoRl,-?-w,-«a, ='^/^, Jf; «*-t'- To freeze, 
congeal. Samusa nite midz ga kotta^ it is 
so cold the water has frozen. 

KoRl, :3 4; 1; , jp, w. The Subdivision of a 
Kmiij a county. 

KoRl, -h^^) J ^ ^, n A trunk, or box 
made of cane, used in travelling. 

KoRl, 3 1. y , ftt, n. The hold of a junk, 
where goods are stored. 

KoRl, 3 y , ^ Ji, ». Dirt of the body, 
unclean n ess. Kori wo torite kami wo inorii, 
having cleansed one's self to worship. 

Digitized by 





K0Rl,-rw,-ia, 3 \);Uy g^, i.v. To be pun- 
ished, corrected, reproved, chastised; to 
feel the painful, or troublesome effects of 
any course. Korite sake wo yameruy to 
feel the baneful effects of wine and to 
leave it off. Takedzra hi nihoridz^ (prov.) 
a burnt face will not shun the fire. 

K0Rl,-?-«,-^^a, ^/^»iS>t. «?• To freeze, 
congeal, crystalize; to be wholly giren 
up to, abandoned to, engrossed in. Midz 
ga — , the water freezes. Chi ga — , 
blood' congeals. Bahachi ni — , abandon- 
ed to gambling. Gaku-mon ni — , engros- 
sed in study. Syn katamaru. 

KoRi,-rM,-^?or, a;i., i^^^i.v. To cut 
timber. Ki wo — , 

KORI-KATAMARI,-J-W,-^^a, =i\) if^ '^)V^ 
J'H @> «»^- To be engrossed in, absorbed, 
taken up with, wholly given up to. 

Ko-RIKO, a \) =L ^^ ij^ ^J p, Handy, 
smart, clever. — na Uto. — ni tachima- 
waru^ to move about at one's business 

KoRi.KORi,-5zn^ 3 V 3 i; , ^ ^, To 
lefive off any thing from disgust, or ex- 
perience of IIS hurtful effect"^. Tahi-taU 
son wo slite mo — sKta^ I have suffered 
loss so ot\cn, I shall have nothing more 
to do with it. 

tKoRiN, ^V^^)y, 3e IS» SeeiT'M^ww, 

K6-RIYOKU, 7tf7V3^, ^Ijy w. Bene- 
factions, charitable donations, contribu- 
tions, help, assistance to the poor. — wo 
szru^ to n.ake charitable donations. — ni 
adzkarn^ to receive &c. Go — wotanomi- 
ifiaszy I nsk your assistance. 


KouiZATO, 3 ^, V ^r ^ ^ , ^ H, n. Crys- 

talized sugar, rock-candy. 
tKoRO, =^7^,-^ y^, n. An old man, or 

woman. Syn. k6jin. 
KoRO, 3 p, fcjl, 71, Time, period of time. 

— wa ihu nen ato, how many years since? 

Kandohlyoroy what o'clock? Itszgoro^ 

when ? Syn. toki, jibUn, aida. 
Ko-RO, *^^, # jtg, n. A censer, for 

burning incense. 
tKo-Ro, tJ? ♦ P t>, in ;g[, n (Taka mlcal). 

The second or third story of a house. 


'Ko\\0\i\^m,-sz^-slito, av^^y^, jpl, t,v. 

To roll, hhi wo — , to roll a stone. 

KOROBI,-i?(,-wc/a, ap/, H, /. 1;. To 

roll, to fall ai»d roll over. Maii qa — , the 

bull rolls. 


K0B0GARl,-^7^,-^^a, 3 V if^, 1^, t>. To 
roll about. 

KoROGASHl,-5z,-s7A'<a, nvif^j Same as 

KORO-KORO-TO, a V a V y^ ado. The 
sound, or appearance of any thing 
rolling. — korobti, 

tKo-ROKU, 5t^^P^, Ig^, w. High sal- 
ary. — wo tortiy to receive high wages. 

KoROMO, 3p^, ^j n. The outside robe 
worn by Buddhist priests. 

KOROMO-GAYE, a -p ^ ^' ^^ M ^^C, «• 
Chariginor the clothes, from the wadded 
clothes of winter, to the lighter clothes of 
summer, on the 2nd day of the 4th 
month. — wo szru, to change the clothe?. 

KoRON, 3 i> P :^, p Ift w. Quarrel, an- 
gry contention, brawl, dispute. — wo szruj 
to quarrel, wrangle, squabble. 
Syn. ARAsoi, i-AU, isakai. 

KORO-OI, 3Pt. t, 1^, n. Time, period of 
time. Itsz no — , at what time ? Mohaye- 
ru — ddj it is time to return. 
Syn. JIBUN. 

KORORI, 3 p 1; , w. Asiatic cholera. This 
word is the Japanese pronunciation of 

KORORI-TO, 3 p 1; ^ adv. In a rolling man- 
ner, or sound; suddenly. — shinuru^Ko 
die suddenly. 

KOROSm,-6'2,-6'7^7a, 3p;i, $g, Lv. To 
kill, slay, murder ; com. coll. = to die. 
Il'to wo — , to kill a man. Koroshitahu 
nai monda, I should be sorry to have him 
die. Syn. CAi-.-znu, siil-sziiu. 

KoROTSZKi,-iw,-z7a, 3 p i>r ^, jpl ^, 
t.r. To roll about. 

KoRU, 3^;i., ^, Se^Kori. 

KOSA, n-^^ ^, „. The thickness, con- 

Ko-SAl, 3^-^/f, :^ $, (fwchinoiszma). 
n. Second wife, (ihe first being dead.) 

IlKoSAi-Ni, =^-^A=^,^JS&.cdi\ Minutely, 
particularly. — n/, to tell particularly. 


KosAKU, *♦^^>J', ff f^, (tagayeshi isz- 
kut-u.J Cultivation of the land, fanning. 
— SZi u. 

Ko-SAN, =^-^y,i; ^, (furuku mint. ) w. 
Oldest come, longest come, n^s. Jiosan fio 
desJd^ a pupil who has been in the school 
the longest, 

K0-8AN, =^^-^y,^^, (kiidari maim.) 
Submission, surrender, capitulation. — 
szn(<, to surrender, capitulate. — uo ko, 
to offer to surrender. 

Digitized by 





KoSAMEy 3-i^>, >J> ^J, n. A shower. 
K6-SATSZ, ij^-^l^y 1^ ^) w- Theboaid 

contxiiniDg the Imperial edicts, hung up 

under a shed for public instruction. 
||K0SEB1TSZ, or KOSEGASA, =i\\C':^y n. 

An eruption on the skin. 
K6-SE1, iji;^Ay fx MLi^' ^ planet. 
K5-SE1, ^ ^ -fe ^ , ^ 1ft, (nochi no yo,) n. 

Future generations, future times. 


tK5-SEr, ij^M.A,^^j (aiszi nasake,) 
Great kindness. Go — no dan katajike- 
naku zonji soro* 

jKo-SEKl, * ^ -k :i|^, H ^, n. A hall where 
stories are told, or discourses delivered ; 
an auditory. 

Ko-SEKl, :3 -k ^ , tST fi!»> w. Ruins, or re- 
mains of ancient places. 

KoSE-KOSE, 3 -k 3 4t, adv. Busy, and ac- 
tive in small matters. Yoku — hataraku 
Kto da. 

K6-SEy, ^♦-k^, P ^, w. Commission 
for selling goods, percentage. — wo toru, 
to charge percentage. 

tKo-SEN, ^V^^>y 3t ISt, w. The hght. 
Syn. AKARi. 

Ko-SEN, * ^ -fe ^, § ^, n. An infusion of 
Skiso and parched rice, used instead of 

K6-SEN, ^ 7 ♦ -fc ^, Ht J^, see K'wosen. 

KoSETSZKl,-it^,-2^a, 3 H: jj^^, I. v. To be 
busy, and active in trifling mattei*3. 

tKo-SHA, =i'y^y ^ ^, w. A blind person. 

Syn. MEK(TRA. 

Ko-SHA, ij ij'y^y J^ ^, n. An ingenious 

KOSHAKU-NA, 3j^^^-f-, a. Having a 

smattering of knowledge, pedantic. 


Ko-SHAKU, 3^5^^^, ^ P, w. Exposi- 
tion, discourse, lecture, disquisition, ser- 
mon. — STTUy to lecture, discourse. 

KOSHAKU-SHI, 3^>/^>^5x, H 15 05, n. 
A public story-teller, or lecturer on ancient 
hist or}'. 

tK6-SHl, ^^l^,'^%l, Public and private. 
— no oinie^ public and private debts. 

K6-SHI, 7?r ^S^, ^ gif , n. One who lectures, 
or delivers an exposition on the Buddhist 
sacred books. 

KoSHI, =^^'yyjlj^, n. Confucius. 

KosHi, ij^-y, ^ -f , n. Latticework. — 
madoy a latticed window. — do, a door 
made of latticed bars. Ko-goshi, fine lat- 
tice work. Ara-goshiy coarse lattice work. 

KosHi, n 5x, ;fg, „. A coffin. Syn. k'wan, 


KoSHI, ni/^ ^, ». A sedan chair, only 
used by the Mikado, or Kuge ; also, the 
chair, or shrine in which the Kami are 
carried at festivals. 

KoSHI, 3 J^, ig, a. Thick in consistence, 
see Koi. 

KoSHI, 3j/, Jg, w. The loins, —nokakcm- 
da haha^ an old woman bent with age. — 
wo no82, to straighten one*8 self, stand 

KoSHi,-^,-s/tYa, 3^, ly, tv. To cross 
over. Tamaf kavca, hashi nado wo kosz, to 
cross a mountain, river, or bridge. 


Kosm,'ta, a;*, j'g, t r. To strain, 
to fiher. Szna koshi midzy water filtered 
through sand. Midz wo — , to filter water. 
Momen de — , to strain through muslin. 

KoSHl-ATE, a^Tr , Jg "g:, w. A kind of 
shield over the loins, to protect it from the 

KOSHI-BARI, 3 5^-^^V, JR 51, w. Wall 
paper, spread on a wall some two feet 
high from the floor, to protect the clothes 
from the plaster. 

KOSHI-BIYOBU, :^U^^^Yy ® M ®> 
n. A low kind of screen. 


The OS 

KOSHI-BONE, 3i/-i::^^ 

KosHi-Boso, 3^,Ky, ^ JU J[|, n. A 
kind of wasp. 

KoSHl-lTA, asx-^ ^, ® ;fR, n. The board 
worn in the back of the Hakama, to make 
them stick out. 

KoSHl-lRE, 3J^/f t/, ^ At ^' "^^^ P^^" 
ting the bride into the norimon to convey 
her to the house of her husbdnd. 

KOSHI-KAKI, =^yij^, |tt H^, w. The 
bearers of the Koshi. 

KoSHl-KAKE, 3 5^^^, gU^, w. A rais- 
ed seat, a chair. 

KOSHI-KATA, =i'yij^y H^ iSi »'• Tbc 
past, the time past of one's Hie. — ijuku- 
$zye no koiodomo mono-gatari UzUz, while 
talking over the past and the future. 
Syn. izKN, k'wa-ko. 

KoSHlKE, =i'y^y ^ T» w- Fluor-albus. 

KoSHlKl, =2'y^y ^, A vessel for steam- 
ing food in ; (^,) the hub of a wheel. 

KoSHI-MAKl, =xy-^^^ ® SI, w. A kind 
of petticoat, or shirt worn by women. 

KOSHI-MINO, 3 5^^ /, ® ^, n. A kind 
of covering made of t^traw, tied arouud 
the waist, to protect the hips and thighs 
from rain, worn by fishermen. 

Kosill-'MOTO. =^y^\,\^-ii^, n k maid- 
servant, a chamber-maid. 

Digitized by 





KOSHINO-MONO, 3^y^/, IS ^? w.The 

KOSHI-NUKK, 3 5^^^, M^j w. A crip- 
ple ; a coward. — Ivshi, a cowardly sol- 

KOSHIORE, 3 5/^^1/, J^ flU, n. Poetry 
defective in raelody. — uta. 

KoSHiRAYE,-r«,-^a, a5^f -n;1^, ^^5F5 ^•^• 
To make, to form, fashion, prepare, make 
ready. li/e wo — , to build a house. Fti- 
de wo — , to make a pen. Kane wo — , to 
make money. Go-chiso wo — . to make a 
feast. Uma wo — , to make ready a hi^rse, 
(to saddle or harness.) Kimono wo — , to 
make clothes. Nai koto wo koikirayete 
hanasz, to tell a story which one has made 
up of himself Syn. tszkuru, skiszru. 

KOSHIRAYE-GOTO, aJ^^^aTf. , ^jjgf Tp:^ n. 
A fiction, a made-up story. 

KoSHl-SAGE, z^y-^y, B|^ Jg, n. Articles 
worn suspetided from the belt. 

tKoSHlTSZ, 3^5?, ^ ^, n. An inveter- 
ate, or chronic disease. 

K6-SHrrsz, =i^y^/, ^ ^, n. The sec- 
ond wife, (the first being dead,) only 
used of nobles. 

KOSHU, 3 5^.a, -j5f Jg, (furui sake) n. 
Old ^sah. 

KoSHo 3-k^, ]^ :^, n. Black pepper. 

KOSHO, 3>^-y^, -j^ p$, n. Objection; 
adverse reason, or circumstances; hin- 
drance, impediment, (legal). — wo iu^ to 
object. — ga aru, there are objections. 


Ko-SHO, zii^^i;^ >J> »^, n. A boy ser- 
vant who waits upon a noble, or the head 
priest of a Buddhist temple ; a page. 

Ko-SHO, n^t/3^ P ^, n. A written 
confession, a deposition, written declara- 
tion. — nitszmein wo szru, to seal a dep- 
osition with the mark of the nail. — wo 
ioru^ to take down a confession. 

tKo-SHO, 3 T>}^j^ ^ , JQ E, (daiku.) n. A 

tKo-SHO, 3^5^^t>, X "^jn. Mechanic 
and merchant. 

KoSHOKU, ^ iV 2^ 3 ^ , if fi, (^ iro wo lo- 
nomu.) Lewd, lecherous, lascivious. — na 

tKosO, 3i>V, 5^ S^Fj A complaint made 
to an official. Syn. uttaykUu. 

tKoso, ^ ^5^ y, flS5 jil, n. The founder of a 
family, or sect. 

Koso, ay, •j^f'i', (1). A particle which 
serves to particularize, or give emphasis 
to the word, or phrase preceeding, a5, 
Watakmhiyori mo anafa koso jodz da^ you 

(especially) are more skilful than me. 
Kono yuye ni koso kunshi wa moto wo Uz- 
tomuru mono nare, it is for this reason 
(especially) thai the good man attends to 
the fundamental duties. (2). With an im- 
perative, as a particle of desire, or wishing; 
=« that ! I wish that ! let me ! Ware ni 
(szyekosoj O that! he would tell me. Saku- 
ratio hana wa chiradz are koso^ I wish that 
the cherry blossoms would never fail. 

yKosOBAl, ay^^/f, |g g|, (a contr. of 
Kosohayui.) The sensation of tickling. 
Karada ga — , the body tickles. 

K0S0BAIGARI,-rW, a y^t/f j&T/W, j^ ^, 
To be ticklish. Te wo saye daseba kosohai- 
yaruy he feels ticklish if even a finger is 
pointed at him. 

||K0S0BAISA, 3y->ir/|-»^, n. Ticklishness. 

tK080BAYUl,-Kl,-KU,-SHI,-U, a y ,^jx 4 , 
S$ j^. Having the sensation of tickling. 
Syn. kuszgUttai. 

KosODB, a Vr, ij\ ^, n. The short 
sleeved coat usually worn by the Jap- 

KosoGB,-TO,-fa, 3 y>5r>, ^j ^, t.v. To 
scrape. Kutsz no doro wo kosoge-otosz^ 
to scrape the mud off the shoes. Urn- 
shi wo kosogervy to scrape the lacquer off 
of any thing. 

KosoGURi,-rtt,-^^a, ^V/zw, IJr ^» '-r- 
To tickle. BHowo—, 

KOSO-KOSO, 3 y 3 y , ado. Secretly, clan- 
destinely, stealthily. — to hanasz^ to talk 
secretly. — to nigeruy to run away 
clandestinely. Syn. nai-nai, hisoka-si. 

tKoSOKU, ay^, jify ,g,, Temporizing, 
procrastinating, easy and complying. — 
no hakarigotOy a temporary scheme. 


KOSSORI-TO, 3 5> y i; , adv. Secretly, clan- 
destinely, stealthily. 
KOSZ, 3^, i\\ H^, n, A hanging shade, or 

screen made of bamboo. 
Kosz, 3 ^ , See Koshi. 
Koszi, 3^>f , J9) 7jCj w. A lake. 

Syn. MiDzUMi. 
KoszRi,-rw,-^^a, =^y^f^y\% t.v. To rub, 

to use friction to any thing. Me tco — , 

to rub the eye». Syn. szru. 
KoszRi-KOMi,-7?m,-n(Za, 3 ^ i; 3 /», 

i$ A> i'^- To rub into. Kuszri wo kawa 

ni, — , to rub medicine into the skin. 
KoszRi-oT0SHi,-5z,-67t7a, 3 A i; ;j- |. ^, 

1^ ^> ^'^' To rub out. Ji wo — , to 

rub out a word. 
K0SZRl-TSZKE,-ni,-^a, n^})^^^.^ 1$ 

f^, /.r. To rub on. 

Digitized by 





KOTACHI, 3^f, 52, ^,n. ChildreD, same 
as, Kodonuhroy Kodomotachu 

K6-TAI, ^^^/f, ^ f<;, Alternation; to 
do by turns. — szru^ to do by turns, 
alternate. Daimiyo ga Tedo ye — «rrM, 
tbe Daimios reside in Yedo alternately. 


K6-TAKE, 38^^^»,#||, n. A kind of 
fragrant mushroom. 

fKo-TAKU, 3^^, -j5f ^, Cfurmiye). 
Old house. 

tKO-TAN, a^^;/, (E|||, n. Born, birth. 
Shaka Niyorai shi gcUsz yoka ni — arase- 
tamoy Shaka was born on the 8th day 
of the 4th month. — no hi, birth day. 

KOTATSZ, 3^ 5^, ^ ^, A hearth or fire- 

KoTAYE,-n^,-^a, 3^^;u, ^, (.V. To an- 
swer, to reply, to respond; fig. ^, to feel, 
to penetrate, or reach to, (hs pain), jg-, 
to suffer, endure, bear. Kotayete iwakuy 
replying said. Tot ni kotayeru. reply to a 
question. Hone mi ni — , to feel in the 
fiesh and bones, (as pain, shame, cold). 
Jtamt ga kotayerarenu, the pain cannot 
be endured. 
Syn. HENJI SZRU, tksszuu, korayeru. 

KoTE, ^-^j >J\^, n. Defensive armor 
for the arm and hand ; a bracelet. 

KoTE, 3T,$f, n. A trowel. 

tKo-TEl, ij^fAyff^, (michi-nori). n. 
The road, way, length of the way. 

KOTE-ITA, ^r^^yiijRj 71. A paddle 
used by masons, and plasterers, 

KOTE-KOTE, 3tr=^9, adv. Much, abun- 
dantly, a good deal. Meshi wo — inorw^ to 
heap up the rice in the bowl. 


Ko-TO, 3 ,»7 J. ,»r, Plain, simple, void of or- 
nament, not showy, artless. — wa uma- 
retszkiy an artless person. 


Ko-TO, a^^?;^ ^ ^, Anciently an of- 
ficial title, now the name of the second 
rank of the blind. 

Koto, ^ > , |^, „. a harp. — no 0, the 
strings of a harp. — no iszme, the ivory 
finger shield used in playing the harp. — 
noji, the bridge over which the strings 
pass. — wo ktkuy to play a harp. 

Koto, a f , :^j -^^ n. Affair, event, transac 
tion, occurence, fact, business, concern, cir- 
cumstance, accident, thing, matters, word. 
Koto to mo sedz, made nothing of it, did not 
mind. — ga okoru, trouble will come of it. 
Koto mo nai yosz, unconcerned manner, 
making light of it. Koto mo nage nam tei^ 

(idem). Koto no ha, word, language. Ko- 
to ga haherUy lacking in something neces- 
sary, troubled for lack of something. Ko- 
to m yoru, according to circumstances, 
complyng; with the occasion. 

Koto, a j. , ^., Different, changed. Tsz- 
ne no idokoro wo koto ni szru, to change 
his usual place of sitting, Koto-gokoro tvo 
idahu, to have a treacherous heart 

KOTOBA, 3 |. ^^j gf , n. A word, language, 
speech. — wo kawasz, tc make a verbal 
promise, or mutual agreement. Nippon 
no — the Japanese language. 

HJIOTOBA-DZKAI, 3^;'ty^t, "^ jt, n. 

Use of words, way of talking, manner of 
pronouncing. — ga yoi hftOj one who 
uses good language. 

KOTOBA-JICHI, 3 ).>^2^-f , "^ jg, n. A 
promise, the pledge of one's word, or ve- 
racity. — wo toruy to take a promise. 

KOTOBA-UTSZSHI NI, ^l-^^f; ^'J^, "^ ijg, 
ode. Word for word, verbatim. — szru, 
to tell, or report word for word. 

KOTOBUKI, 3 ^ /^, Ut S» ^- Compli- 
mentary language, a toast in honor or in 
praise. — wo nasz, to wish well to any 

KoTODZKARi,-rw,-^^a. nVyit^;^, ^d^ ■=, 
t.r. To be entrusted with a message, or 
commission lo another. 

KoTODZKE, 3j.y>, or, Kotodzte, ^y 
'/t^j M "^9 ^' A verbal message. — 
wo yarn, to deliver a message. — wo ta- 
nomu, to request one to take a message. 

KoTODZKE,-rw,-^a, 3|.>/>«r;i^, m f£, 
t.f>. To deliver a message, or entrust 
anything to be conveyed to another. Te- 
garni wo kotodzkete Tedo ye yarUy to send a 
letter to Tedo by another. 

Koto-FURE, 3 f 7tx, |£ ^, «. A stroll- 
ing foreteller of the weather, crops, sick- 
ness, &c. 

KoTO-GARA, =» K ;5^7, y ^?J, n. Kind, 
or nature of affair; as, — mo wakimayedz, 
does not discriminate different cases. — 
7U yotie, according to the merits of the 

KOTO-GOTOKU, 3K3^f^,S5> «^^- ^^h 
everyone. Syn. mina, nokoradz szbe- 


KOTO-GOTO-NI, 3].:/].^, ^ :^, adv. 
Everything, everymatter or circumstance. 
Koshi tai4kyo ni irite — to, when Confu- 
cius entered the great temple he inquired 
about everything. 

K0T0-G0T0SH11,-K1,-KU, 3 }. aTf 5//{ , ^, 
^, Making much of an affair, cxaggerat- 

Digitized by 





ing. — inoshiiateru^ to give an exaggerated 
report of a matter. 

tKoTOl, 3 f /f , H, 71. A bull. 

KoTOKAfll,-<72*,-^a, ^ K Ttf /, ^ ^, 1 1\ 
Embarrassed for the want, or lack of 
Fomething. Kodzhai amhai warttkute ho 
to Icagtiy I am embarrassed ' y the sickness 
of my servant. 

KoTO-KAWARij-rWj-^^a, 3 |. 7t;/^;^,y ^, 
i.v. To differ, to be dissimilar, distii*ct, 
unlike. Ima wa mukashi ni — , the pre- 
sent is unlike former times. 

KoTO-KiRE,-?-w,-^a, =i\^\y)Vy ^ 
f.r. To die. 

KOTO-KOMAYAKA-NI, 3 ]. a -^^ ^ - ,^-f. 
adi\ Minutely, particularly. 

KOTONAlU,-/'t/, 3].-J-;l., ^, {,v. To be 
different, unlike, unusual. Tszne ni — , 
extraordinary, unlike what is common. 
Syn. chioau, taoatj 

KOTO-Nl, 3].^, ^, a(7i7. Especially, par- 
ticularly. Syn. bessh'tb, kakubetszni. 

KOTO-NO-HOKA, n\.;t^ij^ ^ ^, adv. 
Unusually, extraordinarily, uncommonly, 
different from what was anticipated. — 
samuku natta. 

fKoTO-OSOl, 3 > ^ y /( , |p^, Slow of speech, 

Ko-TORl, 3 |. i; , jj> J^, n. A small bird. 

KOTOSARA-KI, 3^^^7, g| |g, ada. Pur- 
posely, intentionally. Syn. waza-to, to- 


KoTO-SHl, 3 f >^, ^ X, w. Harp-maker. 

Ko-TOSHl, =iy-y,^^^ (konnen.Jn. This 

tKOTOSHlGEKl,-KU, 3 }. 5^y ^ ^ :^ |g, 
Busy, hurried with business 
Syn. isOGASnif, skwamiii. 

K0T0TARl,-rw, 3 ). ^;u, ^3^, To answer 
the pui7)0se. will do, to be content, satis- 
fied. Sofuku naredomo kototaru beshi, al- 
though the clothes ai*e coarse I am con- 
tent. Hinkiu naredotno koto-tani nan) I 
am poor, but contented with my lot. 

KoTOWARi,-r2(,-/^a, 3 f 7;^, |^, i. f.To 
refuse, decline ; to state, mention. Kane 
wo kasz hato wo kotoivarUy refused to lend 
money. Mayemotte kotoxcatte oku, to men- 
tion before hand. Kotmvari nashi ni nrhi 
ye haim koto wa naranuy entering the 
house without asking (or without per- 
mission) is forbidden. kototcari nmz, 
I will decline, or please excuse me. 

KOTOWARI, 3 f 7 t; , J|, n. Reason, prin- 
cipal, cause, nature, excuse, plea. — wo 
hi, to plead an excuse. Syn. no ri, 


KoTOWAZA, ^yV^\Mt^y «• An adage, 
common-saying, proverb. 

KoTOYOSE,-rt^,-^a, a y s -t fU^ ^0 ^, 
To make a pretext of, to pretend, to do as 
an excuse. Shuyen ni kotoyosete Kto wo 
koroBZj under the pretext of making a 
wine party to plan the murder of a man. 
Syn. kakotszkeru, dashi m tszkau. 

tKoTSZ, 3 i>^, »!', (Hone,) n. Bone. 

Ko-TSZBO. 3 v^^;, ^ g', n. The womb. 
Syn. SHi-Kiu. 

KoTSz-DZl, 3 ^:^^f^, % fp, n. The mar- 
row. — ni tesszni, to pierce to tlie very 

Ko-TSZ-DSZMi, 3 5?y > , >J> ^, w. A small 
kind of drum. 

tKoTSZGAI, a y ^M , ^ ^, «. A beggar. 

KOTSZ-GARA, 3 v'^sr-?, •S' :^, n. The bony 
condition, or frame, figure, or make of 
body. — no yoi hto^ a finely formed per- 
son, of fine figure. Syn. hoke-gumj. 

KoTSZJlKl, 3 ^i?^, ^ ^, «. A beggar, 
pronounced in com. coll. Kojihi. 

KOTSZ-NIKU, 3^;:i^, >g* ^, n. (Flesh 
and bones,) only fig. for relation, kindred. 

— no aidagara^ (idem.) — yori mo $hiia- 
shi, to love another more than one's re- 

tKoTSZ-RlU, 3 5^ 1; ^, >g* ^, w, A bony 

tKoTSZ-ZEN-TO, 3V^-tf;^f, ^ f^, adi\ 



KOTTA, 3 5?^, pret. of Am*. 

Ko-URI, 3 ^ y , ij\ ]|[, n. A retail-mer- 

Ko-USHI, ^^t^, )J> ^, n. A calf. 

Ko-UTA, 3 1^^, ij\ gji;, n. A sonnet, ditty. 

KoWA, 3/\, ^, (contr. of^-w^Jt^a.) This; 
also an exclamation of surprise, as, 
Kowa! ikani sKte yokaran, O ! what shall 
we do. 

KowABARi„-r?^,-^<a, 3 /\ ,^ ^^ ^ g, 
/ . f . To be hard and stiff. Kimono ga nori 
de kowabaru, the clothes are stiffened with 
starch. Shigai ga — , the corpse is stiff. 


KOWADAKA, =»y^^, ilS Sj »»• I-O"^ 
voice. — ni mono wo tUf to speak with a 
loud voice. 

^ V , ^)[, n. Clearing the throat, to hem. 

— wo 8zru^ to hem, to clear the throat. 

K0WAGARI,-?'W,-f^C7, ^ ?\ if fl', ^ S» 

i.v. To be timid, afraid, to be frigbteacd. 

Digitized by 





Kowagaru «a, don't be afraid. 
Syn. osORERU. 

KowAGOWA, 3/\zr/\, ^ '^, Fearful, 
afraid, dreadful. — wataru nmrukihashi, 
what a fearful crossing, is a bridge of one 
round log, Syn. uiku-biku szru. 

K0WAI,-K1,-KXI,~SH1, 3 /\ /f , S fiji, 
Fearful, afraid, dreadful, daogerous, 
alarming. Kowahn nat\ not afraid, Kowai 
Jitoy a fearful looking person. Kowa ycL, 
be careful, (in case of danger), or, how 
dreadful ! 

KowAl,-Kl,-KU,-SHl, =i/\A 5S, Stiff, 
hard, rigid, unyielding. Kowakute kuwa- 
renuy so hard it cannot be chewed. Fude 
no he ga kowau the hairs of the pencil 
are stiff. Syn. katai. 

KOWAIRO, 374 P, S fe, w. The tone 
of voice. — wo tszkauy to imitate the 
voices of different persons, (as in theatres). 

KowAKU, ^^'N^, adv. See Kowat. 

KOWAMESHI, 3/n;<5^, 5S ®> «• A kind 
of food made of rice and beans. 

KowAKE, ^7^, K 'I', ». The tone of 

>J\ ^, n. A little boy. 

KoWABEy-r'Uy-^a, 3 7u';W, ^, i.v. To 
break, (as of hai-d, compact substances). 
Koware-yoitiy easily broken. Koxcarega- 
tca'y hard to break. Ikiiie ga kotcareta, the 
ship is wrecked. Ii/e ga — , the house is 
dilapidated. Bidoro ga — , the glass is 
broken. Ktichi ga — , the mouth is sore. 
Syn. YABURERU, kUdaKkRu. 

KoWARl,-?'W,-^^a, =i/\}\^, f^, (.V. Hard, 
and pamful, (only of the abdomen.) ICo- 

KOWASA, 3>»N-v, 5g, n. Stiffness hardness, 
rigidity; ( gjt ), fearfulness, dreadfulness. 
See Kowai. 

KowASARE,-rw,-^a, ^ 7 ^Mx;^, ^ g^, 
Pass, of Kcncasz. to get broken. 

KowASHi,-5^,-sA7«, 3 7 ;^ , Jig, ^.r. To 
break, crush, dash in pieces, destroy. 
Ishi wo — . to break a stone. Ige uo — , 
to tear down a house. Kowaslit^ iva tvarui\ 
you must not break it. Shinsho tea — , to 
destroy one's property. 

KoWASHI, 3/n5^, a. See Kawai. 

Kowo, 3/\^, Siirae as Aotro/w. 

K6-YA, a^^^ ^jj- g, n. A dye-liouse, 
dyer. Syn. KOXya. 

KOY^A, =iy, >J\ M? n- A small house, hut, 
pen. Kojihgoya^ a beggar's hut. — no ' 
mono, a beggar. Butagoya. a pigsty. 

Ko-YAKA»lA5'ini,-KJ,-K'u, ^ \^ jj-^ U \ , \ 


>J> i!a» Noisy, making a disturbance, 
iault finding, captious. 
K6-YAKU, ij^^^y ?lf M> ^' A medical 
plaster, ointment, cerate. — wo jioberu, 
to spread a plaster. — wo Juxru, to apply 
a plaster. 
KoYASHI, 3Jf >^ ,11, w. Manure. — wo 

kakertij to manure. Syn. koyk. 
KoYASHi,-6'z,-&7i7a, 3-v^, H, t.v. To 
fertilize, to enrich, to manure. Tszcid wo 
— , to manure the ground. 
KOYASHI-TSZBO, ^ Jr>^ V'^:,'^ ^, W. A 
large jar used for holding manure. 

KoYASZ-GAi, ^■v;*;!^'t, -J ^ ^, M. A 
species of cowry. 

KoYATSz, =1^ i^, ig iX, (Contr. of K<mo 
yaUz.) A vulgar epithet, same as Koitsz. 

KOYE, 3 2, S5> ^- T.^6 voice. Takai 
hoye, a loud voice. Oki-na — , (idem). 
Mikui — , a low voice, Chisai — , (idem). 
— ga karetnij voice is hoarse. — wo age- 
ru, to cry out. — wo hasszru^ to utter a 
sound. Tol'i no — wo ageru, to give a 
shout (of many peraons at once). — ga 
hawatta^ voice has changed, (as at puber- 
ty). — wo kakerUj to call out. 

KoYE, 3:1., 31, w. Manure, (same as AV 
yashi). — wo irenij or — wo ktiheru, to 

KoYE,-ri^,-^a, 3 3i;i., JJg, t.v. To grow 
fat, plump, or fleshy; 10 be fertile, rich, 
productive. Ushi ga koyera^ the ox is fat 
Koyeta Kto^ a corpulent man. Ta haiake 
ga koyeru, to fields are fertile. 
Syn. FUTORi*. 

'E,OYE,-ru-tay ^^z^, jH, tv. To cross, 
pass over, to excel, surpass; to trangre^s. 
Unii yama wo — , to cross over seas and 
mountains. Gei no ICto ni hoyetari^ ex- 
celling others in polite accomplishments 
and talents. Batto wo koyeni^ to trans- 
gress the laws, ToBhiwo — , to j)ass the 
year. Midz ga hiza %co — , the water was 
above his knees. 

KOYEDA, 3 31^', ij> ;g^, i«. A twig, small 
brunch, shoot. 

KOYE-FUTORI,-rW,-f^a, 3317 f ;!., Jg ^, 
i.v. To grow fat and large. 

KoYEKI, ^^/i:^, ^ ^, w. Barter, ex- 
change of commoditic.-'. 

tKo-YEN, 3i>:ii>', ;^ @, n. A back 

Ko-YO, =1^^^, ^ Jf},n. Public service, 
public business. Syn. go-yO. 

fKo-YO, 3T>rc7, jfX 351, (momijiha) n. 
The change of the leaf in ;aitunni to red. 
Ad't/o sJitHy the leaves have changed to 

Digitized by 



KUB 9 

KUB 9 

KOYOI, 3 3h, ^ ^, adv. This evening. 
Syn. KOM*BAx. 

KoYOMi, 3 3^, J^, w. Almanac, calendar, 
— hakase^ almanac maker. 

tKoYONAKi, 3 3^:^, llS' jft -t> (contr. 
of, Kono %viye naki) Lit; nothing above 
this, = highest, greatest. -^ sai-waiy 
o'reatest good fortune. 

KOYORI, =» 3 y , IS iS^,j w- ^ string made 
of twisted paper. — wo yoru^ to make a 

Ko-YUBI, 3^1 1', ij\ ^, iu The little 

KoYUMAKI, a^-q'^, f^ f^, w. An under 
garment worn by women from the waist 
to the knee. 

KOYURU, J^;i^, %ekKoye. 

Ko-ZAj *^-f, "lis ;^, w. A rostrum, or 
high platform from which speakers address 
an audience, a pulpit. 

K0ZAKAgHlI,~Kl,-KU, a^ijyA^ 1§ ^, 
Having a shallow smartnefes,. or low cun- 
ning ; adroit. 

tKo-ZEN-TO, 3^4f ^'j 5^ ^, adv. Pub- 
licly, openly. Syn. omotemuki. 

Ko-zo, ij ^ y, ;^, n. The paper mulber- 
ry. Syn. KAJI. 

■•Kozo, ay, ^ i^, (^it/yo nen). Last year. 

Ko-zo, 3-f t»f, jj^ ^^n. A young Buddhist 
priest, a small servant boy. 

Ivoz5-KOz5, 3-»fi^3-fi>, Exclam. the 
sound made in calling a dog, or cat. 

KozoRi-ATSZMARi,-r2f,-^^a, 3 / V r y -^ 
;i^, Jji ^, i.v. To be assembled together. 

KozoTTE, 3/yf , Jjl, ae/r. Including 
every one. Fane wo — odoroJcu^ all in the 
ship were alarmed. Ya tco — mina ni- 
fjoreri ware hHori szmerty the whole world 
is unclean, I alone am pure. 

Ku, 9, ilj, Nine. Syn. kokonotsz. 

tKu, 9 , ^, n. A verse, or stanza of poet- 
ry ; a sentence. — wo yomUy to compose a 
verse of poetry. Ilckii^ one sentence. 

Ku, ^, ^, n. Trouble, j)ain, labor, hard 
work, toil, solicitude, anxiety, uneasiness 
of mind. Ku ni yamu, to be sick with 
anxiety. — wo sJite nocJu wo rahi ni hi- 
rase-yOj by taking pains at first afterwards 
all will be easy. Syn. sni.\iPAi, kurdsiumi. 

Ku, ^ 7, Pzi, To eat. Sec Kui. 

Ku, 9 T>, »^^ fi Empty space, the air, the 
sky. — 7ii agaru.^ to rise into the air. 

KuBARl,-rw,-^^cr, ^^ir;i^, gg,^ u v. To dis- 
tribute, to deal out, divide. Kinjo yemochi 
tco — , to distribute rice-cakes amongst 
the neighbors. Sobadzke wo — , to distrib- 
ute price- currents. Kokoro wo — , to dis- 

tract the mind with many cares. Ji-kubari, 
the order, or arrangement of characters. 


KuBARl,-rti,-^fa, ^^t;u, Ig, I. r. To fall 
into the fire. Kodomo ga hintkuhatte skm- 
dUy the child died by falling into the fire. 

KuBE,-rw,-^a, ^-^/i^, ^, t.v. To put b- 
to the fire. Maki wo hi m kidm^i. to put 
wood jon the fire. 

KUBI, ^ t', -g", «. The neck, the head. — 
no hom^ the cervical vertebra. — wo hiru^ 
to behead, decapitate. — wo haneru^ or 
kubi wo utsz. (idem). — wo sarasz^ to ex- 
pose the head of a criminal after execu- 
tion. — ni kukervy to hang around the 

KUBI-BIKI, ^ t'b'^r, # 51) *'• Trying the 
strength of the neck, by two persons put- 
ting their necks through a loop in a rope, 
and pulling in opposite directions, (fig.) 
to bid against each other in buying. 

KuBl-DAi, ^h'^A, # i% p* Money 
paid as commutation for one's life. 

KuBl-GASB, ^ t'T^-fe, ijjji, n. The cangue. 

KuBlKl, ^b'=!r, "M" A^i ''• A. yoke. 

KuBlKlRl,-7-t^,-^^a, iJ'f^/J^, ^ "^j t. r. 
To cut off the head, to behead, decapitata 
Tszmihito wo JcubikirUj to behead a crim- 

KuBl-KUKURI,-7-«,-<^f/, ^t'^>5';l^, IS, 
i.v. To hang one's self. Kubi wo hihute 
shinuni, to die by hanging one's self. 


KuBl-MAKl, ^ t'-r^, ^ ^, «. A cravat, 

KuBlRE,-r«,-fa, ^t'i^;i^, |g, t. r. To 

hang one's self. KuhireU shinum. Midz- 

kara ktdnreni. 
KUBIRE-JINI, ^t't/^^, IS 5E, n. Sui. 

cide by hanging. 
KuBlRl, -r«,-f^a ^ b';i-, Jg, t.v. To choke, 

strangle. HUo wo kuhitie korosu to kill a 

person by strangling. 
i KuBlRl-K0R0SHl,-5Z,-57A7a, ^b'Vap;^, 

IS ?S> '-i'' 'A o strangle, to kill by strang- 
Ktjbisz, ^t';*, H, n. The heel. — wo 

niegurasz hekaradzy in less tihie than oue 

could turn on his heel. Syn. kakato, 


KUBI-SZJI, 9h'^^, -^ ^, w. The mus- 
cles on the back of the neck. 

KuBl-TAMA, ^ h'^ -^j "M" ^, «. A collar 
for the neck. Inu ni — wo kakeru^ Xo put 
a collar on a dog. 

KuBo, ^^^^, ^ii, n. The highest ex- 
ecutive officer in Japan ; he now resides at 

Digitized by 


KUC >jr • 

KUC f; 


Yedo. and is erroneously called by foreign- ' 
ers, Taikun ; also called i^hogun, Kuho 
saina. (idem.) 

Kub5, ^^♦j Same as Kubohi, 

KuBOl,-Kl,-SHI, ^'fM, ft, a. Concave, 
depressed, hollowed, indented, sunken. 
Kuboi tokoro ni midzga tamaru^ the water 
settles in hollow pLices. 

KUBOKU, ^^^, ^, adv. idem. — szru, 
to hollow out. — iiaruj to become hol- 
lowed, or concave. 

KUBOMl,-W2W,-?2(i«, ^^-fe, ^, t. V. To 
be concave, depressed, hollowed, sunken, i 
indented. Me ga kuhonda^ his eye's are 
sunken. i 

KUBOMI, ^ *' i , ^, n, A concavity, a hol- 
low place, a depression, indentation. 

Ku-BU, ^7*, JL ^y Nine parts. — ichi, 
one ninth. Kubu-kwin, ninety nine paits 
in a hundred. 

tKu-BUTSZ,-«2??f, >5r/5^, -gt ^, (Uotoh 
ni BOnayeru.) To make olterings to Bud- 

Ku-CHI, iJ^^f , ^ Jfe, M. Vacant ground, 

KUCHI, ^+, P, n. The mouth, orifice, 
aperture, entrance, door, opening ; in mer- 
cantile language, = demand, request; kind, 
language. — wo akuj or — wo Iiirakn, to 
open the mouth. — wo iojim^ fusagn^ or 
Uzgitmuj to shut the mouth. — ga chigan, 
his story does not agree. Ifo no — ga aita, 
there is a demand for silk. — wo taiaku, 
to prate, babble. — wo kiku^ to talk to the 
purpose. Jloko no — ga naiy there is no 
demand for servants. Kono — ica nio aH- 
mctsen^ I have no more of this kind. Wa- 
ru — wo t'uj to calumniate, speak evil of. 

— ga szheruj to make a slip of the tongue. 
Tokkuri ni kitchi wo szru^ to cork a bottle. 

— ga omoi^ slow o^' speech. — ga kaj-uij 
rapid in talking, talkative. — wt ma- 
kasz^ to talk at random. . — de uru^ to sell 
by the quantity. JI*to — wi w/w, to sell in 
the lump. Moke — ga 7iaiy no chance to 
make money. Taru ni — wo szru, to put 
a spile into the hole of a cask. 

KuCHl,-rw,-^cr, ^f ;u, f5, i.v. To decay, 

to rot, decomi> Ki, nihi nado ga kit- 

ehiru, Syn. Ki saku. 
KUCHI-AKE, ir^r^, P ^, m. Opening 

of a sale, commencement of sale. Mada 

kiyd wa — ga naij have made no sales 

yet towlay. 
KucHl-BA^ ^f^t, ijpi ag, w. Withered 

KucHl-BASHi, ^^^xy, f^,n. The bill, 

or beak of a bird. 

||KucHi-BASHiRi,-rw,-/^a, .^ f ^>^;u, p 
^, t. r. To be possessed* by the spirit of 
one dead, and utter his mind; to rave like 
a madman, 

KUCHIBIRU, ^-f h'/i', ^, n. The lips. 

KUCHIBUYE, ^-f 7'3i, P Iff, n. Whist- 
ling. — wofuhty to whistle, 

fKucHlU, ^ ♦•f ♦, ^ 4*1 I" ^^^ a*"*, in 
empty space. — ni ugaru. 

KUCHI-DOMB, >5'-f K;', P jh> M. Hush- 
ing, or silencing another from saying wlmt 
he knows, the telling of wliich would bo to 
one's disadvantage. Kiwhidome wo sJiU 
ckuy to bribe one to secrecy. — 7u gochi" 
so szru^ to give one a least in order to 
secure secrecy. 

KUCHI-DZKARA, ^-f^^f , P, With one's 
own mouth. — tcagagei wo hokortty bojisting 
of one's acquirements with his own mouth. 

KUCHI-DZSAMI, ^ ^ :^ -^ ly P SKj ^'• 
Humming, or singing to one's sell'. 

Kucui-GAKI, ^-f /r=t, P tf, w. A depo- 
sition, written confct^sion. 

KUCHI-G1TANA1,-KI,-KU,-SHI, ^ ^ ^ ^ -f- 
^ > P t5> I'oul mouthed, black-guard. 

i. V, To stutter, stammer, hesitate or 
falter in speaking Hm-ji ga kuchi-gomoruj 
to hesitate in replying. 

KUCHI-GO-SHA, ^^or^-y^, p JH ^-, 
n. A person clever at talking, eloquent. 

KUCHI-GOTAYE, ^-f 3-^^, P^, w. An- 
swering back in a sui-ly maimer to a 

IKUCHI-GOWA, ^^=f>\y P JiJS, n. Rigid, 
or inflexible vocal organs. 

KUCHI-GUSE, ^^/-t, P ^^, n. Pecu- 
liarity in talking, habit of saying; cant 
word. Sate to in k9to ga ano lito no — da, 
sate is a cant word with him. 

KuoiU-GUSZRl, ^-fZ-^V, P ^, n. 
Powder used only for priming. 

Kucui-HATE,-?'?(,-^a, ^-f^Nr/^, ^ ^, 
i.v. Completely decayed. 

KUCHI-Kl, ^-f ^r, t5 7K> ^'- ^ decayed 
tree, rotten wood. 

KucHi-KlKl, ^-f ^r^ ,P ^J, w. Clever 
at talking or persuading. elo<juent. 

tKuCHlKU, ^^^, ^ ft? ^'- A kind of 

KucHl-MAl, ^"^^A. P ^, n. Kice 
extracted from a bag as a sample, which 
becomes the perquisite of the inspector.' 

KUCHI-MANIJ, ^-f^^, Pfltfl^j '?• I^<5- 
pcating what another says, mimicking an 
other's way of talking, mocking. H'to no 
— wo sz/u. 

Digitized by 



KUD ^ 

KUD t; 

KucHi-MOTO, ^-f^f, p :$, «. The 
form or expression of the mouth. 

KUCHI-NAGUSAMI, ^^-h^Hf^, P jg, 
n. Talking for amusement, or pastime, 

KucHl-NAMEDZRl, ^•f-h;<5<'y, n. Lick- 
ing the mouth, or chops, (as a dog after 

KucHiNASHi, >J''f-^^', ^ -5^, n. The 
Cape Jasmine. Gardenia floribund;i. 

KUCHINAWA, ^-f-h^^s, jufc w. A snake. 
8yn. iiKBi. 

KUCHI-0SH1I,-KI,-KU,-SA,-U, ^-f i-5^>} , 
P "j^, A thing to be regretted, deplored, 
or sorry for, or which excites disappoint- 
ment. Sjn. KCYAsnir, md-nen, zan-nen. 

KucHiuu, ^-f/u, ;f5, SeeKuchi. 

KucHi-RiKO, ^-f i; 3 ^, 3:5 -g-, «. Clever 
at talking. 

KuCHlSAGANAl,-Kr,-KU, ^ -f ^^ 7!r' -f >f , 
II, Babbling, tattling, given to idle and 
indiscreet talking. 

KUCH1-SAGASH1I,-K1,-KU, ^ ^-^ft^A, 
Plausible, specious in talking. 

KucHl-SOSOGl, ^f yy/, ^, n. Cleans- 
ing the mouth, garglmg. Te-arai hichi- 
8080gi sKte Icamiwo hai-szTm, having wash- 
ed the hands and cleansed the mouth to 
worship the Kami. Syn. ugai wo szuu. 

KucHiszGl, ^^^^, ^ Qy n. A living, 
livelihood, means of getting food. — no 
tame ni hohb szru, to go out to service in 
order to get the means of living. — ga 
dekl-kaft^ru, difficult to make a living. 


KuCHl-TORl, ^f ^ V, i5f >6, n. Fruits, 

or confectionary taken between meals. 

t^A , Noisy, or troublesome from much 

KUDA, ^^, ^j j2. A section of bamboo, 
a pipe stem, a tube, the spindle of a spin- 
ning wheel. Kuda wo maku, (hg.) to talk 
long and confusedly, to spin out a yarn. 

KuDAKE,-r?t,-^f/, ^ ^ ^ P, ${f, t.r. 
Broken into pieces, shivered, crushed. 
Nami ga iwa ni atatte kudakerUy the waves 
are broken against the rocks. 
Syn. KowAiJKiiu. 

KuDAKl,-A-w,-/^a,>5'^^, ^, t.v. To break, 
shiver, crush. Kan-tan wo kudaku^ to do 
with great care and diligence. Mi-jm ni 
— , to break into pieces, — smash to atoms. 
Syn. KOWA8Z. 

K i:da-kui)a.shii,-ki,-ku, ^^'^^''y A, 
Prolix and confused, or full of digressions, 
tediously spun oui. 

KUDAMONO, ^^^; ,||, n. Fruit. 

KUDAN, ^^"y^ -fj:, Before mentioned, the 
said, aforesaid, above mentioned. — no 
gotoshi, as it was said above. — no sko-mm 
hisohani ine ni Icake sorOy I will privately 
show you the said letter. Syn. kano, 

KvD Am,-ru,-tta, ^^>, T**, tx\ Togo 
down, get down, descend, to purge, to de- 
preciate in quality. |^, To surrender, 
yield. Yama kcnca nado wo — , to de- 
scend a mountain or river. CM ga — ^ to 
pass blood from the bowels. Shinaga — , 
the article has fallen off in quality. Ki- 
yoio kara — . to go, or come from Kiyoto. 
Teki ga — , the enemy surrenders. Am^ 
hudaru, to descend from heaven. 
Syn. ORiRtr, sagaru. 

KuDARl, ^^Vj ^, w- A row from top 
to bottom. Bun Kto — , one line of wri- 
ting. Bwn, mi — han^ three lines and a 
half of writing. Syn. giyo. 

KUDASAI-MASHl,-52,-s7i'f a, ^ ^^^ A -e^ , 
Yedo coll. for Kndasari, 

KuDASARE,-rw,-^a, ^^-»m:>, H^ T> To 
let descend, to receive from a superior. 
Kite kudasareru ka^ can you come ? Kane 
wo k-udasareta^ I have received the money. 
Misete hudasare^ let me seo it. ItUe iu- 
dasare, please tell me. 

KuDASARi,-r?^,-^^a, ^^'•^^;^, Ut T> ^•«'- 
To give, spoken of a superior, to receive 
from a superior. Kimi yori hidasatta, re- 
ceived from the lord. 

KuDASfli,-sz,-5/i'^a, ^^^ f , tv. To 
cause to go down, or descend, to send 
down, to purge, to cause to surrender, or 
yield. Ikada wo — , to send down a raft 
Ifara wo — , to purge. Yomi-kudasz, to 
read down a line. Shiro wo — , to take 
a castle, (cause it to surrender). Teki m 
— , to cause an enemy to capitulate. 

KUDASHl-GUSZRl, ^^y^^^V, f H, 
(ge-zai)^ n. Cathartic medicine. 

Ku-DEN, ^fy, P fl, (kuchidztage) n. 
Oral tradition, learning or teaching by 
oral instruction. — wo szru to teach orally, 
to lecture. 

|,KUD0, ^ K, ft ^, w. A kitchen range, 
furnace. Syn. hetszi, k am ado. 

KuDOI,-KI,-KU,-SHl,-o,-SA,^ hM, Tedi- 
ous, or troublesome reiteration, tediously 
going over and over an unimportant mat- 
ter. Sonna n