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•'>«i 



I 




-36 






JAPANESE-ENGLISH 



AND 



ENGLISH-JAPANESE 



DIOTIONAEY. 



BY 

A"' 

J. C^ HEPBURN, M. D., LL. D. 



SEVENTH EDITION 



TOKYO: 
Z. P MARUYA & Co., LIMITED. 

YOKOHAMA, SHANGHAI, HONGKONG & SINGAPOBB, 

KELLY & "WALSH, LIMITED. 

LONDON: TRUBNER k Co. 

1903. 



272873 



COPYRIGHT 1886, 
BY Z. P. MARUYA ^ COMPANY. 
(Mabuzbn Kabcshiki-Ewaisha} 



^rNTBD BT TBI TOKTO PBtHTIHO OO., I/Hk 



• • , ' • • V • • • < 



PREFACE. 



Daring the fourteen years which have elapsed since the publication of the Ian 
edition of this Dictionary, the Author has kept it constantly before him, correcting 
errors, improving and enlarging the definitions, and adding new words and illustra* 
iioDS, according as his time and other important engagements allowed him. Bat 
owing to the amazing changes and rapid advancement of the Japanese in every 
department, he has found it difficult to keep pace with the corresponding advance ol 
the language in the increase of its vocabulary. He has endeavored, however, 
to collect these words, examine, classify and define them. Many, no doubt, have 
escaped his notice. Still there is an addition of more than ten thousand words to 
the Japanese and English ' part. He might have increased this number by almost 
M many more, had he thought proper to insert the purely technical terms be- 
longing to the various branches of medicine, chemistry,* botany, etc., etc., each 
of which should have a separate work especially devoted to it. He had to draw a 
line somewhere, and has limited himself to such words only as are in popular 
and general use. Most of these words are of Chinese derivation. 

He has also inserted all the archaic and now obsolete terms found in the KojiH, 
Manyoshu, and the Monogataris which have come under his notice, hoping thereby 
to aid those who may desire to read these ancient books. To distinguish these 
words he has marked them with a dagger (f ). 

Thoagh somewhat against his own judgment, but with an earnest desire to 
farther the cause of the Romajikwai, he has altered to some extent the method 
of transliteration which he had adopted in the previous edition of this work, so as 
to conform to that which has been adopted by this society. These alterations are 
few and are fully explained in the Introduction. 

The English and Japanese part he has also carefully revised, corrected and 
considerably enlarged. 



iy PBEFAOB. 

With all lu8 care and effort the aathor finds typographical errors have passoA 
here and there undetected, especially among the Chinese characters. They are not 
many, however, and he comforts himself with the reflection that it b not homau to 
be perfect, nor to produce a work in which a critical eye can detect no flaw. 

The Author commits his work to the kind forbearance of the public. Advancing 
age admonishes him that this must be his last contribution to lexicography. He 
has done his best under the circumstances. He has laid the foundation upon which 
others may build a more complete and finished structure ; and he is thankful that 
60 much of the work has been given him to do. 

The Author cannot take his leave without thanking bis many friends who 
have encouraged him and sympathized with him in his work ; especially Bev. 0. H. 
Gulick of Kobe, and W. N. Whitney, M.D., Interpreter to the U. 8. Legation, who 
have kindly rendered, him no little aid. But above all others is he indebted to 
Ifr. Takahashi Goro, whose assistance throughout has been invaluable. 

J. 0. H, 

Yokohama^ June^ 1889. 



A TABLE OF JAPANESE KANA. 



4 yf vivjv;?^f^ 



w;o 



tua 



<« ^ /I: t i.^ «> 

- -3- ;^ 4 is. iPi*Pi 
•» t tc S. 8> ^;& 

- ^ $ ^ ^ <€^ 

" -^ j" -f <% !? 9P 



r^ 



50 ^ 



\ 



Yl 



A TABLE OP JAPANESE KANA. 






gu 






_-0 >o )o 



l» 3 t %%,-^% 

!,. 3i (-2 :^ ^ ^t^ 

-— "^ ^^* <!"^ ^^'^ ^r7 -i- 



5a 
2ra 

?* 

me 

5/ii 

mo 

St 



su 



i" 1 1 H'^P^ 
-> ( t ^ If ;& 

^' € _^ ^ A*^ 

^ i" '^ i/t,^I®v 



J 



/ 



INTRODUCTION. 



CHINESE WRITTEN LANGUAGE. 

There is bat little doubt that, previons to the study of the Chinese written 
language, and the introduction of Chinese literature into Japan, the Japanese 
possessed no wiitten language or characters of their own. 

According to Japanese history, the first teacher of Chinese was Atogi (F^ ^i^), 
a son of the King of Corea, who came on an Embassy to the Court of Japan in the 
15th year of the Emperor Ojin, about a.d. 286. He remained but one year, and 
at his instigation, Wani (£ {::) was invited to Japan from Corca to teach Chiuese. 
He arrived the following year. About the nationality of Wani there is some dispute ; 
but the best authorities regard him as a Corean, others as a Chinese from the 
kingdom of Go (^)i one* of the three states which, from a.d. 222 to 280, included 
in its territory part of Fokien and most of the eastern provifjoes of China. It was 
thus that what is called the Go-on (^ "&) was brought to Japan. 

From this time the Chinese classics^ ^cd literature in all its branches, gradually 
became the study of the higher olasdds,— of the nobles, military class, priests, and 
physicians, — and extended more or less even among the farmers and merchants. 
Education consisted in learning how to read and write Chinese. This has had more 
influence than all others in dii'ecting and shaping the development and civilization 
of a people, peculiarly impressible, inquisitive, and ready to imitate and adopt 
whatever may conduce to their own aggrandizement. Thus from China were 
derived the knowledge of agriculture, manufactures, the arts, religion, philosophy, 
•ethics, medicine and science generally. 

The Chinese written language, without affecting at all the grammatical structure 
of the native language, has been a vast treasury from which to draw and enrich it 
ivith words in every branch of knowledge. Perhaps the great advantage of having 
«ach materials at hand from which to form new combinations was never mora 



i 



Till INTRODUCTION* 

apparent than at tbe pretent time, Tvhen the study of western science and institu- 
tions, necessitating a new and copioas nomenclature and technology, .has been 
entered upon with sach avidity. The Chinese ideographs have been foand equal 
to the need. With th'e aid of these, a new nomenclature in all departments of 
knowledge is rapidly forming, quite as expressive and appropriate as the words 
which have been introduced into the English language from the Greek and Latin,. 
to which languages, in their influence upon the Anglo-Saxon and English mind and 
philosophy, the Chinese written language bears a wonderful resemblance. 

Only the highest style and smallest part of Japanese literature is written in 
pure Chinese. The largest part, and that intended for the general reader, is 
written in a mixture of Chinese and Japanese Kana, called Kana-majiri, in which a 
large proportion of words, the agglutinating particles, and grammatical structure,- 
are purely Japanese. Below this, there is yet a style of literature written in the 
Hira-kana, without any, or a very slight mixture of Chinese. 

The Chinese spoken language has never been current in Japan. But in the 
language of the learned classes and officials, words derived from the Chinese abound; 
and from a false affectation of learning the preference is generally given to such 
words, even when, in their own more beautiful native tongue, synonymous words* 
exist. The native Japanese language seems to be spoken with greater purity by 
the women than by any othet class. 



KAN-ON. 

If the Japanese had confined themselves to one system of phonetics for the* 
Chinese characters, the study of the language would have been much simplified, at 
least to the foreigner. But, besides the Go-on mentioned above, and after it had 
been current some 820 years, another system called the Kan-on (SI'S") was 
introduced in the 15th year of the reign of the Emperor Izuieo, about a.d. 605, by 
some five Japanese students who had spent a year at {Cho-an) (ft ^), then the seat 
of government of the Zui dynasty, now Singan, the capital of the province of Shensi. 
The Kan-on has gradually supplanted the Go-on, being now, for the most part, used 
by the literary and official classes. The Go-on is stiil#used by the Buddhist, and is 
the most current pronunciation of Chinese words in the common colloquial. Neither 
system, however, has been exclusively used to the rejection of the other; long custom 
and usage seems to have settled and restricted their use to particular words* In the 
formation of new words and scientific terminology, the Kan-on is now exclusively 
used, There is still another and more recent system of sounds for the Chineso 
characters, called the Td-on (^ ^), which resembles the present Mandarin sounds ; 
but this is little used* 



mTBODtJOnON. ** 

JAPANESE SYLLABLES. 

The Chinese characters in their entirety were the first symhols employed by 
fixe Japanese in writing their native tongue. These characters were used phone- 
tically, each standing for the soand of a Japanese syllable, sometimes for a word. 
In this way it happened that the Japanese letters, instead of an alphabetic, took a 
syllabic form. The most ancient books, as the Ecjiki (-£* ¥ I&), which dates from 
▲.D. 711, and the Manydshu (3K^K), some fifty years after, were written in this way. 

The first effort to do away with these cambersome characters, and simplify their 
letters, gave rise to the Kana, a contraction of Kari-na ({g ^), signifying borrowed 
names. The Kata-kana (^i* {R !f^), or side letters, are the oldest and most simple. 
They are said to have been invented by Eibi Daishi, a man of high rank in the 
Comt of the Emperor Kojin, who died a.d. 776. They are derived from the 
Chinese characters, where, instead of the whole, only a part of the chai*acter is 
used ; as, ^ from f^, n from ^ , ih from i^. Sometimes the whole character is 
used ; as, ^ for ^. But these characters being separated, and not admitting of 
being ran into each other as a grass hand, they have been little used, except in 
dictionaries, books intended for the learned, or to spell foreign names. 

The Hira-kana (^ K =?), or plain letters, ore also Chinese characters written 
in a running or grass hand, and more or less contracted. Thns, 90 is the grass 
hand of ^, A of ^, V of aft. They are said to have been invented by Euhai, a 
Bnddhist priest, better known by his posthamons name of Kobodaishi, who died in 
the 2nd year of the reign of the Emperor Jihmyo, a.]>. 885. This man is also said 
to have oiTanged the syllables in their present order of ft, ro, ha, forming them into 
a stanza of poetry. 

If the Japanese had confined themselves to a certain number of fixed symbols 
to represent their syllables, the labor of acquiring a knowledge of their written 
language would have been comparatively easy ; but having such a wide field in the 
Chinese ideographs from which to select, they have multiplied these symbols, 
making that which should be simple and plain, complex and confusing, to the great 
annoyance and trouble of all learners, and not unfrequently even perplexing them- 
selves. A great change, however, in this respect has been produced by the use oi 
movable metallic types in printing and the abandonment of the old method ol 
printing on blocks. The forms of the Hiragana syllables have consequently been 
reduced to two or three varieties. 

THE JAPANESE SYLLABARY. 

The Japanese sylkbary consists of seventy-two syllabic sounds, and including 
the fina^ ^, of seventy-three. Among these there are several having the same 
sound; as, >f and », * and *, 9 and *, 3> and ^, 5^ and ^. If these be 
deducted it leaves sixty-eight distinct sounds. 

B 



S INTRODUCnOH* 

These are divided by the Japanese into 47 pure (Sei-on ^ 9) and 20 impure 
{Dakihon 8} 9) syllables, not including the final ^. To express these syllables 
they employ 48 characters, represented in the following diagram, where the syllables 
are arranged in their proper order, beginning at the left and reading aerosf 
the page : — 



>r i 


n 


ro 


j\ 


/la 


A 


ni 


* 


Ao 


*s. 


he 


y 


(0 


f- cM 


9 ri 


3« 


nu 


^ 


ru 


y 


wo 


V 


loa 


ft 


ka 


n 


yo 


ir to 


X* re 


y 


80 


y 


Un 


* 


M 


•h 


na 


9 


ra 


A 


mu 


♦ tt 


n i 


J 


no 


t 





^ 


ku 


•Y 


ya 


•* 


ma 


^ 


ke 


7 fu 


a ko 


as. 


e 


T 


ie 


r 


a 


-r 


sa 


* 


ki 


A 


yu 


jn me 


I mi 


i^ 


shi 


ze. 


y« 


b 


hi 


« 


mo 


•tB 


$e 


X 


iU 


V n 



The impure syllables are formed from the pure, by softening the initial con- 
sonant for the sake of easy pronunciation, or in writing Chinese sounds. In 
writing them they use the same characters, with two dots or a circle over the right 
shoulder, as seen in the following diagram : — 



ha 


ho 


he 


to 


Chi 


ka 


ta 
St 


$0 

y 


t8U 


ku 
9 


ke 


fu 

y 


ko" 

3 


te 

T 


ta 


ki 


Shi 


hi 

b 


se 




ha 

pa 
>< 


bo 


he 


do 




ga 

-a 


da 
it 


£0 


zu 


gn 


ge 


bu 

f 


go 


de 


za 
1^ 


gi 


Ji 


bi 


ze 

•tf 


zu 
-A 


po 


pe 


















pu 












pi 







In books these marks to designate the impure sounds are often omitted ; it being 
taken for granted that the reader knows for himself when a syllable is to take this 
sound. 

Another aiTangement of their syllables, which is more ancient than the t, ro, ha 
method, and to which the Japanese are very partial, is that according to the fiva 
yowels, called the Go-jU-out or I-Uura no on, or the fifty sounds, as follows : — 



r a 


^ ka 


-r za 


jr ta 


•^ na 


^^ 7ia 


"T ma 


^ ya 


9 ra 


V Via 


4 i 


* ki 


l^ shi 


f- ehi 


A ni 


b hi 


\ mi 


>f i 


9 ri 


» i 


if u 


9 ku 


X 9U 


y teu 


3C nu 


y /« 


X, mu 


a yu 


^ ru 


^ tt 


X e 


^ ke 


* " 


T te 


^ n€ 


-% /M 


jt me 


* ye 


u re 


A $ 


t 


a ko 


y zo 


h to 


J no 


^ ho 


« mo 

..... 


a yo 


ft ro 


y 



To complete this table the syllables ^ > ' » and ^ have to be repeated. 



/ 



7-L 



INTBOITCrCTIOH. 

ORTHOGRAPHY 

In transliterating the Japanese sounds into the Roman letter, the foUowing 
system has been adbpted in this work :— 
a has the sound of a in /o^/mt, arm, 
€ has the sound of ^ in tliey^ prey. 

% has the sound of % in machine^ pique, or like the sound of e in metSm 
u has the long sound of u in rule, tune, or oo in moon, excepting in the syllablen 

tsu, zti, and su, when it has a close sound, resembling, as near as possible, tha 

sound of u pronounced with the vocal organs fixed in the position they are in 

just after pronouncing the letter s. 
-o has the sound of o in no, so. The horizontal mark over d and u indicates merely 

that the sound of o and u is prolonged. 
ai has the sound of ai in aUle, or like eye, 
au has the sound of ow in cow, how. 
^h is pronounced like ch in cheek, cheap. 
eh is pronounced like sh in shall, ship shop, 
/ has a close resemblance to the sound of the English /, but differs from it, in 

that the lower lip does not touch the upper teeth ; the sound is made by blow- 

ing/tf softly through the lips nearly closed, resembling the sound of tr^ in wlio: 

fu is an aspirate, and might, for the sake of uniformity, be wi'itten hu. 
^ in the Tokyo dialect has the soft souud of ng , but in Kyoto, Nagasaki, and the 

southern provinces it has the hard sound of ^ in go, gain, 
r in ra, re, ro, ru, has the sound of the English r ; but in n is pronounced more 

like d. But this is not invariable, as many natives give it the common r sound. 
«0 in Kyoto, Nagasaki and the southern provinces is pronounced she, and ze like j>. 

The final n, when at the end of a word, has always the sound of ng ; as* 
man = mong, san = sang, min = ming ; but in the body of a word, when followed 
by a syllable beginning with b, m or p, it is pronounced like m, as, ban-min =s 
hamming; mon-ban = mombang ; shin-pai = shimpai. Before the other consonants 
it has the sound of n; as, an-nai, bandai, hatijd. 

The sounds of the other consonants, viz., b, d, h, j, k, m, n, p, s, t, tr, y and 
X, do not differ from their common English sounds. 



THE SYLLABLES IN COMBINATION. 

The syllables commencing with tlie soft aspirates h and /, and y, when preceded 
1>y another syllable, for the most part lose their consonants, and their vowels com* 
bine with the vowel of the preceding syllable, sometimes forming a diphthong ; as^ 



xu 



mXBODTJOnON* 



O'hi beeoiaes at, a-fu beeomes au or 9 ; sometimes lengthening or rednplieating 
the sound of the first vowel ; as, nu-fu becomes nUf to-ho beeomes td, i-hi becomes 
Ut.jfO'Ju becomes yd, ho-ho becomes o. 

Sometimes the consonant of the first syllable and the vowel oi the second form 
a single syllable, the vowel of the first and the consonant of the second being elided. 
This is especially the case in writing the sounds of Chinese words ; as, ehi-ya be* 
comes cha; sitiya, ska; chiyo, eho; skiyo, $ho; jiyOfjo ; kuwOf ko; cki-ya-n becomes 
ekd ; shiyau, slid ; ski-yo-u, shd* Sometimes an entirely new soand is produced ; as, 
t0'U becomes eho; ke-u, hyd; de-fu^jd; se-fu, shd. 

As in this Dictionary the words are arranged according to their sounds, and not 
according to the Japanese spelling with the Kana, the following table will be found 
useful to those who may wish to consult it, and who may have the Kana only, with* 
out the voice of the living teacher, to direct them to proper sonnd« 



>f 7 


iuorya 


> b toi 


Hih 


hao 


9«r 


rd 


37 


ko 


I't^ myd 


>f h 


a 


!?!> do 


iftr 


0" 


97 


rd 


=f«r 


go 


Jtff myd 


^J^ 


iwa 


f-Y eha 


ify 


go 


P^ 


ue 


=f7 


gd 


>i b mei 


>f- 


ie 


f-3 c/io 


37 


yo 


P^ 


ia 


^tt 


yd 


i^-V iha 


Vtf 


rd 


f--rtr did 


3t5r 


y^> 


f,,s 


uwa 


Tif 


chd 


4^3 iho 


J^tf 


ho 


f- 3 ^ eho 


3 b 


yoi 


♦ 9 


uico 


ry 


ehd 


i^-Y tf ihd 


^^y 


ho 


f-p chn 


sn> 


to 


Jif 


no 


^^ 


is 


8/ir7 ihd 


->N-v 


hae 


f-x, chU 


Sty 


to 


jih 


no 


^y 


JS 


^9i^ ihd 


r^^ 


bo 


i'n Jo 


St^ 


toe 


icy 





7P 


u or au 


i^tf ihU 


*<y 


bo 


'fyifio 


StM 


tai 


*d« 


d 


fy 


V or au 


«^a ihu 


^^ 


Jtyd 


f-':*«rjfl 


^t> 


do 


** 


d 


Tb 


ai 


i^a.^ iha 


-<P 


byS 


9 7 ryU 


v^ 


ryo 


i:^ 


6 


T-'^ 


awa 


i?ir ja 


ThT> 


ho 


9 3 ryo 


\^y 


ryo 


i-b 


oi 


-r^ 


id 


J5 3 jo 


*7 


hd 


9 9i> ry5 


yy 


$6 


9 »s 


kwa 


f 7 


id 


^•rtfjd 


Thdt 


hd 


9ir»ry5 


y^ 


id 


9 b 


hui 


^^ 


Md 


^y ja 


Hftr 


bo 


9ier ryU 


y-ot 


$5 


9^ 


ku 


^y 


ZO 


i^tf ju 


^\> 


nyU 


5«7 na 


y b 


soi 


/.N 


gtoa 


♦ » 


kyn 


5? a ju 


^y 


nyn 


%tf nfl 


Vtr 


xo 


tif 


yd 


^y 


kyu 


*» md 


£iih 


nyo 


^ b nu\ 


/y 


zo 


ir7 


yd 


:<iyN 


kiwa 


** md 


^-r ^ nyo 


^tf 5 


y b 


Uui 


v^ 


md 


♦ 9 » *yo 


■te P ihd 


£ih 


nil 


y\3 oi 


7tr 


ttU 


V b 


mai 


^yffkyd 


^ty ihd 


A ^s, 


nie 


vy 5 


*tr 


nyo 


V -V 


mae 


*a 


kyu 


•te /\ awa 


>y 


to 


Vf; 6 


■^» 


no 


^» 


kyd 


♦ ai5 


kyU 


:k b iui 


>tf 


to 


fjt^ hd 


-^7 


no 


^7 


hyd 


=^^ 


yd 


X7 ia 


y* 


to 


*7 ho 


•^* 


nao 


3^^ 


ko 


a.7 


yu 


5^ p\ iuwa 


h 9 


to 


» b hai 


-^'v 


nae 


a b 


koi 


ab 


yui 





The system of orthography adopted in the previous edition of this work has 
been modified in a few particulars so as to conform to that recommended by the 
Bdmajikwai. Tbns the y is omitted before e , and words which in the former 



INTBODUOnON. XUl 

•^iion began irith y, kk this begia with 0, ezcepfeiog the words ym (dollar), and ye^ 
(to, towards). The y is also omitted in the body of purely Japanese words ; and 
soeh words as were formerly written hayeru, miyeru^ iye^ yuye, are now written 
haeru^ mieru, ie, yue. Bat in words derived from the Chinese, where the second 
syllable commences with -ai or 2, the y is still retained, as being preferable to the 
l^ypben ; thus ri-en, san-etsu, sho-en^ are written riyen, sanyetsu, skoyen, 

Dzu is now written aru ; and Chinese words formerly written fay a, kiyo, kiUr 
APttira, kuwai, are now written kya, kyoy kyuy kwa^ kwai. 

The syllable teu (7), when preceding the strong consonants k, B,p, and t, is 
elided, and the consonant of the syllable following it doubled . as, batm-kun becomes 
hakkuH ; tnatsitt-iugu becomes massugu ; tetsii po, teppd , fnatsu-taku^ mattaku, 

Ku (^), when followed by a syllable beginning with k, loses its vowel ; as bakt^ 
ha becomes hakka; bikuko, bikJco; koku-ka, kokka. 

The vowels i and u are often feebly sounded; as, ^»fo is prouounced h*to: shichif 
$k'chi: shita, sKta; shite, $Kte; futatsu^f'tatm, futof'to, etc. 

DIALECTS. 

The language of Kyoto, the ancient capital of the country, and until the restor- 
ation the residence of the Imperial Court and of literary men, has been considered 
the standard and of highest authority ; but since the restoration and the removal 
of the capital to Tokyo, the dialect of the latter has the precedence. Dialectical 
differences are numerous, and provincialisms and vulgarisms abound. The dialect 
of Satsuma is said to be so dififerent as not to be intelligible in other parts of the ^ 
eoontry. This subject, however, has not yet been fully investigated. A few of 
these differences may here be mentioned. 

In Tokyo kwa is pronounced ka , kwan, kan ; gwai, gai , as, gun-kwan is pro- 
nounced pun^an; kenkwa, Jcenka ; kwaji^kaji; gwai-koku, gaikohu Fui is frequently 
ebanged to t. as, yuku into iku, yuld into iki, yugamu into igamu, juliu iuio jiku^ 
tssAu into isshi, shuku into shiku. 

Hi is pronounced ski : as, hibacJii is pronounced shibachi ; hi-no-ki, shi-no-kif etc* 

Na is changed into ne as, nai into n^, shiranai into skiranei, 9d de nai into 
sd de nei. 

The hard g sound is softened into ng as, k<igo is pronounced ka-ngo ; megane^ 
me-ngane ; gugirn, su-ngiru , ne ga takai^ ne nga takai^ etc. 

In the province of Echigo hi is pronounced /u, and i is changed into e . as, for 
hibachi, they Boyfubachi, for hiku^fuku, for hikari, fukari ; for itazura, etazura. 

In Izumo the syllables ha, hi, fa, he, ho, are pronounced /utra, fui,fu^ fUQl 
thus, ham-bun is pronounced fuambun. 

In Kazuoa, ka, ki, hi, ke, ko, are changed into wa, i, u, e, 0. 



HV INTBODUCTION# 

Besides the above mentioned, many other differences exist ; bat one conversant 
with the T5kyo dialect will have no difficolty in being understood in any part of the 
country, amongst the educated classes* 

ACCENT. 

The accent in Japanese words is made by a slight elevation of the tone upon 
the accented syllable ; as a general rule, in words of two syllables it falls on the 
first ; in words of three syllables on the penult ; and in words of four syllables on 
the anti-penult. But the accent always falls upon the syllable that has a double or 
prolonged vowel sound ; as, tied, yosasd, ii-kakeru, ii-tsukerUf yumeahu In words of 
two and like syllables, the accent varies ; thus ha'na^ a flower, has the accent on tha 
first syllable ; and in hana\ the nose, it falls upon the last. In hashi\ a bridge, 
the accent is on the final syllable ; and in ha'shi, chop-sticks, it falls upon the first. 
No effort has been made to mark these accents. 

PUNCTUATION. 

Among the difficulties which a foreigner has to meet in reading Japanese books, 
not the least are the want of proper punctuation, the running of words into each 
other, and the absence of any marks to distinguish proper names. Punctuation 
marks are sometimes used ; but, excepting the large circle O and the character *-«, 
to separate paragraphs, they only serve to perplex the learner. The marks commonly 
used are ^ and ^ ; these often separate a noun in the possessive case from tha 
thing possessed, the object of a verb from the verb, an attributive adjective from the 
noun, and an adverb from the word it qualifies. 

To aid the learner in this matter it should be kept in mind that, a sentenca 
never ends in a verb ending with te, do^ domo, ha ; or in the root form of a verb, in 
the attributive adjective in H, or in an adverbial ending ; though these may often 
be equivalent to a comma or a semicolon in English. 

The root form of the verb, and the adverbial adjective ending /m, always mark 
a continuation of the sentence. 

A sentence ends with the adjective or final form of the verb, with the predicative 
adjective endings in zld^ with the preterite verb endings in (a, ftu, zld^ ki, or with 
the words nari, basJii, ari, tart, keri» 

ARTICLE. 
There is no Article in the Japanese language. 

NOUN. 

The Noun is not subject to any changes in its syllables to designate either ease, 
gender, or number. 



INTBODUOTION. X» 

The eiise or relation of the noon to the other words of a sentence is generally 
designated hy a particle or post-position placed after it ; thus, the 

Nominative or snhjeotive hy tea or ga, Hito wa, a man. 

Genitive hy no or ga» Hito no, of a man. 

Dative hy m or ye, Hito ni\ to a man. 

Accusative or ohjective hy wo. Hito wo, a man. 

Vocative hy yo^ ya, kana, Hito yo, man ; or, oh, man I 

Ahlative hy kara^ yori^ de^ wo motte^ ni, nite,* Hito de, hy a man. • 

The plnral is only designated when it is emphatic, or refers to a class ; for this 
purpose varioas words and forms are employed. For persons, the words domo, 
tachi^ kata, ra, nado, nazo, shu, t5, following ; or hy daplioating the word, as, 
tBors-ware, hito-bito, skimo-jimo, shita-jita, rehi-reki^ hi-bi^ tokoro-dokoro^ sho-sho, etc.; 
or for persons or things hy the words, baUy hyaku, su, sho, preceding the word. 

Gender is designated hy a different word ; as, otoko, onna, nan, nyo ; or in the* 
ease of animals and hirds hy prefixing the particles, ^ne, and o, contractions of mesu, 
09U , as, me-ushiy a cow ; o-mhi, a hall ; me-wna (pron. fMrn-ma) a mare ; o-uma 
(pron. omma) a stallion. 

Diminutives are formed hy prefixing ko^ a child, or little ; as, ko-hwve, a little 
boat; ko-ushi, Vk C9Xi\ Xfo-ttma, a coU ; ko-bashh a little hridge; ko-ishiy a pehhle ; 
ko-yamaj a hill. 

0, a contraction of okii, great, hig, is prefixed to noans as an amplifying 
particle ; as o-yama, a hig mountain ; o-kaze, a high wind ; o-bune, a large ship ; 
S-nami, high waves ; d-ame, a heavy rain ; o-ishi, a large stone. 

Nouns expressing ahstract qualities are formed hy suffixing the particle sa to 
the root of the adjective ; as, shiro-sa, the whiteness ; kuro-sa, the hlackness ; taka-sar . 
the height ; omo'sa, the weight ; kurushi-sa, the painfulness. Sometimes hy the u8» 
of koto : as, yuJci no shiroi koto, the whiteness of the snow; umi nofufcai koto, the 
depth of the sea ; or hy the attrihutive form of the adjective only. 

The root form of verhs are also nouns ; as, yorokobi^ joy ; xkaH, anger ; uramir 
enmity ; nikumi, hatred ; nokori^ the remainder ; aman, the surplus. 

ADJEOTIYE. 

The adjective has no declension, or undergoes no change to express either case, 
namher, gender, or comparison. To the root of the adjective the syllables i, ki, ku, 
shi are affixed, in order to designate its relations or character in a sentence. The 
syllahle H, or i, — which is hut a contraction of Jd, — affixed to the root of the 
adjeetive designates the attrihutive form, as : — 

*For a more particular illustration of these particles, as well as all the words used in this- 
fBunmar, the reader is referred to the Diotionaiy. 



^^^ INTBOBUOnOX. 

Shiro, shtroki or shtrai. Skirai kumo^ a white cloud. 

Samu, samtiki or $amui. Samuifuyu^ a cold winter. 

Taka, taJeaki or tdktd. Takaki yama^ a high mountain. 

The syllahle $hi affixed to the root designates the predicative form of the 
acy^ctive. In the common colloquial, the terminal syllahle t is also used to express 
the predicative, as : — 

ShirOf shiroshi. Eumo ga shiroski or shiroi, the cloud is white. 
' SamUf $amushu Fuyu ga samushi or samuit winter is cold. 

Taka, takashu Yania ga takoihi or takai^ the mountain is high. 

The form ending in ahi is only used in hooks, and marks the end of a sentence. 

The syllahle ku affixed to the root designates the adverhial or indefinite form 
of the adjective, as : ahiro, sMroku ; saniu, iamitku ; taka, takaku, Shiroku ftaru, 
to become white. Samuku na», not cold. Takaku turu, to make high. This 
form never ends a sentence. In the colloquial, the k of the last syllable is often 
rejected, and the u joined to the vowel of the penultimate ; thus, ihiroku is con- 
tracted to shirou, pronounced $Mi^ ; hayaku becomes hayau^ or hayd ; yoku becomes 
you, or yd ; wamku becomes voaru. 

The comparative degree is expressed by the aid of yori, kara or nao^ as : yuki 
«a kono kami yori Mroi, snow is whiter than this paper ; kyd wa kind yori samui^ 
to-day is colder than yesterday ; nao yot, better ; nao warui^ worse. 

The superlative is expressed by the use of certain adverbs, as : moUomo, itatUf 
goku, shigokUf hanahada, ito, dai-icM not tchi-ban, 

Ac^ectives are formed from nouns by the use of the post-position no, or by the 
substantive verb nam, or its contraction na, as : Makoto no kokoro, a sincere heart ; 
H90 no hanaski, a false story ; ishi no Jiotoke, a stone idol ; akiraka naru tsuki, a 
-clear moon ; hinkyU na hiio, a poor man ; skdjiki nam Into, an honest man. 

Or, by affixing rasJUki, or rashU, a contraction of aru shild, to be like, as : 
Vnna-rashii, like a woman ; otoko-rashii, like a man ; kodomo-rashii, like a child ; 
makoto-rashii, iike the truth, plausible. Sometimes by affixing gamashii, supposed 
to be a contraction of kamagamashit, the same as kama-biituItU, noisy and annoying ; 
thus : iken-gamashii,jddan-gama$hU, kurogamashiu 

There is a class of adjectives formed from verbs by means of shiki, or shiku, to 
.epread or cover over, which might be called verbal adjectives ; as : osoroshild, con- 
tracted to oBoroBhii, fearful ; yorokobasJUi, causing one to be full of joy, joyful ; 
imawaBhii, causing disgast, odious ; so also, kirawasliii, kiirushii, kuyaahii, negawa- 
$hii, koishii, netamashii, etc. 

Those forms of the verb which end in k, ta, tain, or ski also perform the office 
-of adjectives ; as : le ni nimu hito, (lit., dwelling in the house man) the man who 
-dwells in the house ; akuru toshi, the opening year, or next year ; hako ni am 
^10710, (lit., have in the box things) the things which are in the box ; teppd wo uUa 



XNTB0DT7CTI01I* 



xrii 



Aito, (lit., flred the gnn man) the man who fired the gnn ; watakushi no waharanu 
koto, (lit., not knowing of me matter) a matter which I don't know ; kanU ni atawa- 
zaru koto nashi^ (to €k>d impossible thing is not) there is nothing impossible to God. 
The adjectives whose adverbial forms end in ku, by taking the substantive verb 
«r» as a suffix, are conjugated like a verb. Thus yoku, good, and aru, to be, is con- 
tracted into yokarut and assumes the following forms : — 

AFIIBUATIVB. 

Yokan. 

Yokaru, is good. 

Yokatta, yokartihif — ki, — nu, was good. 

Yokai-Of yokaran, will be good. 

YokutSj being good, by being good. 

YokarSj let it be good. 

Yokaraha, yohi naraba, if it be good. 

Yokattarabat yokattara, yoku attaio^a, if, or when it 

is good. 
Yokereba, as, since, or because it is good. 
Yoksre-do, — domo, yokute mo, though it be good. 
Yokattaredomo, yokaruhi-kadomo, though it was good. 

NBOATIVB. 

Yokarazu, not good. 
Yokaranu, yokarazaru, not good. 
Yokunakatta, yokarazan-tihi, — /a, was not good. 
Yokaraji, yokarumai, — maji, would, or will not be good. 
Yokarade, yokti-nakute, by not being good. 
Yokarazumba, yokunakattara, if, or when it is not good* 
Yokaraneba, as it is not good. 

Yokaranedo, — domo, yokunai keredomo, though it is not 
good. 
So also naka^ the adverbial form of ncd, naki, with am, to be, is contracted into 
fuikaru, and has the following forms : — 



Indefinite. 

Attrib. or acljective. 

Indicative past. 

Indie, future. 

Pros. pr. or adv. form. 

Imperative mood. 

Conditional. 

past. 

donjunctive. 
Concessive. 

" past. 

Indefinite. 

Attrib. or adjective form. 

Indicative past. 

Indicative fnt. 

Part, or adv. fori?::* 

Conditional. 

Conjunctive. 

Concessive. 



Indef. 

Attrib. or adj. 
Indie, pait 
Indie, future. 
Part, or adv. 
Imperative. 
Conditional form. 
Conjunctive fonn. 
Concessive '* 
G 



Nakari, 

Nakaru, is not, have not. 

Nakatta, nakari-shi, — In, — nu, was not. 

Nakard, nakaran, will not be, or have. 

Nakttte or ndU, not being, not having. 

Nakare, do not. 

Nakumba, fiakattara, if it is not, if t have not. 

Nakertba, as, or since it is not, or have not. 

Nakere-do, — domo, though there is not, or have not* 



zviu iNTBODncnoif. 

PRONOUN. 

The Pronouns are divided into Personal, Demonstrative, Interrogative, Be« 
flexive^ Indefinite, and Distributive. They undergo no modifications for case, 
gender, or number. 

Pebsonal Pronouns. — ^Words used to express these are numerous, and are com- 
posed of words which, for the most part, humble the speaker and honor the person 
spoken to. Their use also depends. upon the rank of the speaker, and whether he is 
addressing a superior, inferior, or equal ; they are, however, seldom used except 
when they are emphatic, or the subject of the sentence. 

IsT Pebson. — The Emperor uses Chin, a noble, yo. Watakushi is the word most 
commonly used by all classes in speaking to a superior or equaL 
Sesska, gesetsu, kono-hd, are used by the upper classes in speaking to 
equals ; and ware or warera, ore, mi, in adressing an inferior. 
2nd Pebbon. — ^In addressing the Emperor, Shujo, ** your majesty ;" to a noble, gozen. 
By all classes, in speaking to a superior, anata and sonata, and the 
prefixes go, and on, are the common words. To equals, sono-motOt 
sokka, kimi, kUcd, omae ; and in letters, kikun, kisho, kiden, gohen. To 
inferiors, sono-hd, nanji, omae, kisama, sochi, temae^ 
8bd Pebson. — Ano okata, aTto-hitc, are, hare, 

A plural is formed by affixing to these the words domo, ra, gata, tachi ; as : 
We, watakushi'domo, ware-ware, temae-domo. 
You, anata-gata, sonata-domo, oma^-tachi, nanjira, temde-domoi . 
They, Ano-hito-tachi, Jcarera, arera. 

Demonstrative pronouns are : ko, this ; so, that ; or their formatives, here, sore^ 
are, of which the adjective forms are kono, sono, ano, kano, 

Iciterrogativo pronouns, are : nani, what ; do, what, how ; tare, or dare, t^o ; 
izure, which ; dochira, which ; of which the adjective forms, are : nani-no or nannOf. 
dono, tare-no, xzure-no, dochira-no. 

Reflexive pronouns are : jibun, jiskin, mibun, onore, waga, mizukara, jiko. 

Indefinite pronouns are : nanigashi, soregashi, saru, aru, aruiwa ; also formed 
by demo, as : nani-demo, dare-demo, do-demo, izure-demo, dochita-demo. 

Distributive pronouns are : ono-ono, mei-m^i^ men-men, izure-mo, dochira-mo^ 
mina-mina. 

There are no Relative pronouns in the Japanese, the person or thing being always 
out in direct subjection to the verb, which acts as an attributive adjective, as : 
Hon wo yomu hito, the man who reads books. 
Hon wo yonda hito, the man who has read books. 
Hito no yomu hon, the book which men read. 

Hito ni yomareru hon, a book which is read (or can be read ) by men. 
Hito m yomarfta lum, a book which has been read bv men. 



INTBODUOnOir. 



HZ 



TokoTo^ place, iB oftai nsed as a relaiiye pronoan, as : oya no os-Miru tolUoro no 
lo, the ohild ivhioh the parent loves. 



NUMERALS. 

Cardinal Nukbbbb. — ^There are two series,— one native, the other derived fron 
the Chinese. Of the native series the numbers up to ten are now only in common 
nse ; those above ten are obsolete, thongh still met with in compounds and ia 
andeat books. 



JAPAMBSB. CHINBSB. 

1 "RUoUUy contracted into Hi • • • • Ichu 

2 Futatsu, " «• Fi« . . . . A». 
8 Mitau, " "Mi • . . . San. 
4 Yotsu, " «• Yo . . . . Shi. 
6 Itsutsu, " " Itsu . ... Go. 

6 Mutsu, «• '' Mu . . . . Boku. 

7 Nanatsu, " " Nana .... SAicW. 

8 Yatsu, " " Ta . . . . IZacAt. 
KokonotsUf ** •* Kokono . . . Ku. 

10 To, •• *' To . . . . Ju. 

11 To nari hitotsu Ju-ichi. 

12 To narifoUatm Ju-ni. 

18 Td naii iniUa Ju-san. 

20 Futaso Ni-ju. 

80 Miio - San-ju. 

60 Iso * Oo'ju, 

80 Yaso Hachi'ju. 

100 Momot otho Hyaku. 

200 FtUaho Ni-hyaku. 

BOO Iho Go'hyaku. 

1 1,000 Chi Seji. 

5^000 — Oo'sen. 

10,000 Yoivzu Man. 

50,000 Go-man. ,, 

1,000,000 . Hyaku-man. 

5,000,000 Go-hyaku-man, 

10,000,000 Sim-man. 

100,000,000 Ichi-oku. 



_2 



•§ 



S 

•8 



ZZ INTBODUOnOS. 

ORDINAL NUMBEBS. 

The Cardinal freqaently aet as ordinal nambers, as: San gwaUu, the thirl 
month ; Meijijukunmif the 19th year of MeHu Bat ordinal numbers are generally 
formed by prefixing ioi to the Chinese numeral, as : dai tehif the first ; dai m, the 
second ; or snfiixing ban or hm, as : iehi ban or iehi ban m$^ the first, or No. 1 ; mban 
or niban nu, the second, or No. 2 ; go km tiM, the fifth house ; san nin hm, the 
third person ; mitsuki tvM, the third month ; nido me^ the second time ; niehd ms, the 
second block of houses. 

Distributive numbers are formed by adding ztUiU or mas to the cardinal 
number, as : hitotsu zutzu^ one by one, one at a time, or one apiece ; fiUattu siftni, 
two by two, etc.; icH nin mae, one man's share ; $an nln masy three men's share. 

For Descriptive or classifying numerals, a large number of words are employedf 
the principal of which are : — 
Ken for houses ; Chd for wagons, ink, candles, tools. 
SS, ships ; Hon, pens, pencils, pillars, posts, bottles, ete. 
Maif sheets of paper, notes, quilts. 
Tn^it threads, ropes, roads, rivers. 
Satiu^ books, volumes. 
Jd, mats, quires of 20 sheets of paper. 
Hikif animals, fish. 
Wa, birds, fowls, bundles of wood. 
8oku, pair of shoes, clogs, socks. 
Bu, set of books. 
Tiutiumif packages* 

THE VERB. 

The Japanese rerb has neither number nor person. They are divided lato 
^mnsitive, intransitive, cavsative, passive or potential, and negative forms. 

The moods are the indicative, imperative, conditional, conjunctive vma 
concessive. 

The tenses are the past, present and future. The roo form of every verb ter- 
minates in either t or 0, and is also indefinite in meaning. 

The various modifications in the action or state of the verb are expressed hp 
the addition to the root form of certain syllables or auxilliary words ; and also, ilk 
the first conjugation, by certain regular changes in the final vowel of the root. 

The verbs might be naturally arranged into two conjugations, according as the 
root form ends in « or ; but as there are quite a number of verbs whose root forms 
end in % which take the auxilliary syUables without change, it is thought better to 
liassify these into a separate conjugation, thus making three, the root form of the 



INTRODtJCnON. 



XZl 



1st and 8rd eoDJagations ending in i, and the 2nd in e. Besides these, there are a 
few irregnlar verbs whioh eannot be classed with either of the above. These will be 
specified below. 

The Passive or Potential form of the verb is coujagated like the 2nd conjugation. 

FIBST CONJUGATION. 

(Yo'dan no hataraki.) 

To this conjugation belong the verbs whose roots end in «, which change the i 
into u, for the adjective form ; into e for the imperative mood ; and into a in taking 
(the fotore suffix n, the neg. suffixes nu or xu, the canst, ieru^ and pass, rem. 

Those roots which end in the syllables «/ti, chi, change the final consonant into 
i and U ; and those ending in hi reject the aspirate sound in f^onunciation, or 
change it into tea, as may be seen in the following examples : — 



u. 


BOOT. VOBM. 


AS7.T0BK. 


IMFBB4TIVB. 




KEQkTlVE, 


.OAUST. 


POT. OB P18B. 


yaki. 


yafttt. 


yake. 


yakan. 


yakanu. 


yalMueni. 


yakareru. 


M. 


ia$hL 


iOftt. 


sa$€. 


$atatt. 


$atatiu. 


ta$eru. 


gcuareru. 


tkU 


taeJU. 


tattUm 


tate. 


tatan. 


tatanu. 




tatareru. 


nL 


ihini. 


ghinu. 


ihine. 


thinan. 


ghituinu* 


ihinoiertu 


shitunreru. 


f 


(aJW).ai. 


au. 


ae» 


awan. 


awanu. 


awateru. 


awasareru. 


hi. 


(iAt), a. 


iu. 


ie. 


ttran. 


iwanu. 


iwoMeru. 


iwareru. 




(olU),ai. 


au. 


oe. 


owan. 


owamu. 


owoieru. 


owareru. 


mL 


yomi. 


yamu. 


yome. 


yoman. 


yomanu. 


yamateru. 


yamareru. 


ri. 


aH. 


am. 


are. 


aran. 


ArAitif* 


arateru. 


aTOTcnt* 


bi. 


yoroMn. 




yorokohe. 


yorokoban. 


yorokobanu. 


yorokobiueru. 


— basareru. 


9i' 


gJUnogi. 


ihiHogu. 


ihinogi. 


thinogan. 


tMnoganm. 


— gauru* 


-parent. 



Boot, and Indef. 
Attrib. or a^j* form, 
Perfect. 
Indie, past. 

Indie, fht. 
Prea. pr. or adv. 
Imperative. 
Conditional. 
** past. 

Coniunctive. 



PABADIOM OF TfiB FIBST CONJUGATION. 
AITIBICATIVX. 

KiJd. 
present. Kiku, hearing, hears. 

Kikeru, kiksri^ have heard. 

Kikirtaf or kiita, — «At, — nu^ — H^ — tsu^ — fwru, kiitakke^ 
have heard. 

Kikatif kikOf will hear, would hear. 

Kikiu, kuUf hearing, having heard, by hearing. 

Kike, kiki-na, kUce-yo, kiM-nasare^ kika$9har$^ hear.^ 

Kikaha^ kiki'9iaba, Mku-naraha^ if I hear. 

KtUardba^ kUtara, kiita naraba^ if, or when I have 

heard. 
Kikeba, as, since, or because I hear. 



xzu 



IMTEODtJOTIOX. . 



Gozyonotivo past. 
Conoesaiye. 

•• past. 



Indef, 

Pros. Indio. a^j. 
«« past. 

Indie, fat. 

Pros. pr. or adT. 

Imperative. 
ConditiODal. . 
CGDJQootive. 

*< past 

Geneessive, 

** past. 

Cansatiye. 
Paten, or pass. 

" nog. 

Dodderative. 



Kikitareba, kiita kara^ as, or sinee I have heard. 
Kihedo, kikedomo, kiku to mo, though I hear* 
Kikitaredotno^ kikUki-kadomo, kUta^kiredomOf tbmgh I 
haye heard. 

KEOkTTWm. 

EikazUj not hearing. 

Kikanu, kikazaru^ not bearing. 

Kikana7ida, kikanakatta, kikiyaahinakaUa, kakaxariihir 

kikazarikif 1 have not heard. 
Kikaji, kikumaji, kUcumai, kikiyoMmtd, kikazartm, 1 

will or would not hear. 
Kikade, kikanakuiet kikanaide, bj not hearing, with* 

ont hearing. 
Kiku na, Mku nakare, kikazart, do not hear. 
Kikazumhaf if I do not bear. 
Kikazareba, kikaneba, as, or ainoe I do not bear. 
EikanakaUarebaf as, or since I have not heard. 
KikanedOf kikanedotna, kikanai keredomo, kikanahUtemOr 

thongb I do not bear. 
Kikinakatta keredomo^ kikazarishi kadomo^ though I haya* 

not heard. 
KikaMt'Uf or kikamru, to cause to, or let hear. 
KikarerUf can be heard. 
KikarenUf cannot be beard. 
Kiki-tait—taki, — taku, — tatAt, wish to hear. 
Eikitagaru, to be fond of hearing. 



SECOND CONJUGATION. 

( Shimo-ni'dan no hataraki.) 

To this class belong all verbs whose root form ends in e. These make tbr 
adjective form by adding ru to the root, and take all the suiBses without change in* 
the final vowel. 



Boot and IndeL 
Pres. Indie, a^jeotiye. 
Indie, past. 

Indie. fat» 



PABADIOH OF TEE SECOND CONJUOATION. 
AFFZaUATITE. 

Age. 

AgerUf or aguru, raising, raise. 

AgB'ta.'^tat'i, — slUt — nu, — W, — tfii,«-fttcrtt, t^takkg^ T 

have raised. 
Agetif ageyOf I will raise. 



* UTHODUCTlOR • 



'niii 



Pres. pr. or adv. 

Dnperative. 

Conditional. 

paai. 

'' past. 
ConcasnTo. 
** past. 



Agete^ raisiug, haying raised, by raiding. 

Age-yOy age-noiare, age-nst agena^ raise. 

Agenaba, ageru-naraha^ if I raise. 

AgeUi-narahc^y agetaraba, agetara, if or when I have 

raised. 
Ageba, agureba, agereba, as, or since I raise. 
Agetareba, ageta kara, as, or since I have raised. 
Agedo, agedomo, aguru to mo, thoagh I raise. 
AgetaredomOf ageshi-kadomoj ageta-keredomOf thoagh I 

have raised. 



Indefinite. 
Indie, prest acQee. 
Indie, past. 

Indie, fnt. 

P. pr. or adv. 

Imperative. 
Conditional. 
Coztjiinetive. 

" past. 
Coneessive. 

<' past. 

Causative. 
Potent, or pass. 

" neg. 
Berideralivc 



NXOATlTa. 

Agezu. 

Age-nUj age-zaru, not raising. 

AgB'fianda, age-nakatta, — xarishi, — zaiiki, I have not 

raised. 
Age-ji, age-mai, agemaji, ageyashimaif agezarany I will 

not raise. 
Age-de, age-nakiUe, age-naide, by net raising, without 

raising. 
Agerti na, ageru nakare, agezare, do not raise. 
Age^zumba, if I do not raise. 
Ageneba, agszareba, as, or sioce I do not raise. 
Agenakattareba, as, since I have not raised. 
Agenedo, — domOf agenai-keredomo, thoagh I do not 

raise. 
Agenakatta keredomo, agezatishi kadomo^ thoagh I have 

not raised. 
Agesaaeru, caase another to raise. 
AgerarerUf can be raised. 
AgerarenUf cannot be raised. 
Age-tai^ — taAn, — taku, — tashi, 1 wish to raise* 
Age-tagaru, fond of raisiog. 



THIBD CONJUaATION. 

(Kami-ni'dan no liatarakL) 

To this elass belong the verbs whose root form end in i does not change 
when it takes the suffixes, and which make the a^'ective form by adding ru to the 
rooty and form the Imperative by affixing the syllable yo. In these respects 
they are coigugated like verbs of the second cox^ngation. 



latiT 



INTBODUOnOH. 



FABADIOM OF THB THIBD OOMJUO^TXOH* 
AlllBlCATXVB. 

Boot and indef. Mi, 

Pres. indio. and Adjective* MirUj Beeing, sees. 

Indie, past. 



Indie, fat. 
Ftes. pr. or adt^ 
Imperative. 
Conditional. 

pakt. 
Conjanetive. 

past. 
Concessive. 

'' past. 



Mita, mi'Shif — nu, — kij — tsu, — nuru^ mikMe^ I haw 

seen. 
Min, miyd, 1 will or would see. 
Mite, seeing, having seen, by seeing. 
Miyo, mi-nasare, mina, see. 
Miba, miru naraha, if I see. 

Mitaraba, mitara, mita naraba^ if or when I have seen. 
Mireba, as, since, beoaose I see. 
Mitareba, mita kara^ as, or since I have seen. 
Miredo, miredomo, miru to mo^ though I see. 
Mitaredomo, mishi kadomo, mita leeredamOf though X 
have Been. 



Indefinite. 
Ptes. Indie, ac^ee. 
past. 

fat. 

Free. pr. or adv. 
Imperative. 
Conditional. 
Conjunctive. 

past. 
Concessive. 

•• past. 

Causative. 
Potent, or pass. 
*' negative. 
Desiderative- 



HBOlTIVa. 

Mixu. 

Minu, mizaru, not seeing. 

Minanda, minakatta, miyashinakattaf mizariihi, mixariki^ 

I have not seen. 
Mijif mimai, mimaji, mvyathimai^ mizaran^ I will or would 

not see. 
Mide^ minaktOe, viinaide, by not seeing, without seeing. 
Miru-na, miru-nakare, mizare, do not see. 
Mizximba^ if I do not see. 

Mizareba, mineba, minakereba^ as, or since I do not see. 
Minakattareba^ as, or since I have not seen. 
Minedo, minedomo, minai keredamo^ minakutmnOf thougb 

I do not see. 
Minakatta keredomo^ mizarishi kadotno^ though I have not 

seeu. 
Mistueni, to cause another to i 
Mirarei'Hf can be seen. 
Mirarenit, cannot be seen. 
Mitaif — taki, — ku. — shi, wish to i 
MitayarUf fond of seeing. 



IKTRODT70TION. 



IXf 



Tha Gansative and Potential forms of the verb are eooijagaied like verbs of the 
•aeond eoDJngation. The desiderative form in tai goes through the changes of the 
aidljeetive verb. The forms in garu and tagatu belong to the first conjngatioia. 

It may be observed here that several verbs whose adjective forms are alike be- 
long to different eonjagations» as : iru 4^» to shoot ; tru N|, to east metals ; and iru )$^ 
to dwell, have their roots •', and belong to the third conjugation ; while iru A, to 
enter, and iru H, to parch, have their roots m, and belong to the first conjagation 
Bo also kiru ^ to eat, has its root kiri^ and belongs to the first coxgngation ; and 
laru 3|f , to wear, has its root hi and belongs to the third coigngation. 

There are three irregular verbs, the honorific suffix nuuu^ tutu to do, and kuru 
to oome ; of which, as they are in constant use, a paradigm b here given. 



PABADIOM OF IBBEOULAB VBBBS. 
AnnBMATXTS. 



Boot and Indef. maskx. 
Adjective form, nuuu or masuru. 
Indie, past. moMta. 



Indie, fat. 
P. pr. or adv 
Imperative. 
Conditional. 
" past. 



Ooiyunotive. 



past. 



Concessive. 



masaiit masks, 
mashite, 
masef or mashu 
masu naraba. 
mashitaraba^ — ta» 

ra. 
maseba. 
niashUa kara. 
nuuedOf — dorno^ 



ihi. 

9U or mm. 

ihiia^ ihi'ihi, $hinu. 

ten, M. 

$hiU, 

H-yo, thi na, ski-nasare. 

turn naraba. 

$kinaha, Mtaraha, $hitara. 

seba, sureba. 
shitareba, $hita kara^ 
turedo, suredomo, $uru tomo. 



** past, mashita keredotno. ahitaredomo^ shita k$r$domo. 



ki. 

kuru. 

kita, ki'Shi," 

ru» 
kon, kiyd* 
kite, 
koi. 

kuru naraha, 
kinaba, kitarabat 

kitara. 
kureba. 

kitareba, kita kara. 
kuredOf kuredomo^ 

kuru tomo, 
kUaredomo, kita- 

keredomo. 



Indef. and acfj. maeenu. 

Indie, past. moihinanda 

Indie, fat. maeunai* 

P. pr. or adv. mathi nakute. 



HBGATZn. 

eenUf eezu, eezaru, 
ienanda, ehinakatt u 

uji, semqju 

$ede, shinakute, shinaide. 



honu, kozUf konai. 
konanda, konakai' 

ta, kozarishi, 
koji, komaji, hi* 

yashimai. 
kode, konakute, ko^ 

naide. 



xm 




IKVBODUOnOH* 




Imper* 


•F»1#0»^ •B^^* 


furu fta, jum nakan. 


kuru na, huru ii* 
kare. 


C!oDditional. 


masezumha. 


t^xamhd^ shinakute wa» 


kozumba, konaku^ 






seniyOf shinakucha. 


tetoa. 


CoDJonctive. 


maseneba. 


$eneba, M nakereba. 


kon^a, kinaker^^ 

ba. 
ki nakattareba. 


" past. 


mashi-nakattaraba. $hi nakattareba. 


Concessive. 




konedOf—doma^ 




keredomo. 


redomo. 


konaikeredomom 


„ pflAt 


masenakatta 


kera- ihinakatta kersdomo^ $ezari' 


konakatta keredo* 




domo. 


$hi kadomo* 


mo. 


Canst. 




Maseru. 


kuauru. 


Poten. 




ierareru. 


Jcorareru. 


" neg. 




s&rarenu. 


korarenu. 


Desiderative. 




ihi'taij — ki, — ku^ — shi. 


shL 






skUagaru. 


kitagaru. 



Compound verbs are nnmerons. In saeh words the first verb always takes the 
root form, and is subordinate to the last, expressing the manner in which its action 
is performed, as : Nusumi'tom, to take by stealing ; kami-MrUj to cat by biting ; 
aruki'kudarUf to descend by walking, — walk down ; aruki-noboru, to ascend by walk- 
ing, — walk np ; ttuki-tdm, to make go through by thrusting, — thrust through. 

By suffixing the verb at, au, signifying to meet, join, to the roots of othef 
Yerbs, the action of the verb becomes reciprocal ; thus, hanashif talking, becomes 
hanashi-aUf to talk together ; hore, loving, hore-au, to love each other ; dakif em- 
bracing, daki-au, embracing each other ; and in the causative form daki-awaserUt to 
make to embrace each other ; hancuhi-awaseru^ cause to talk to each other. • 

In order to illustrate the use of the verb in its various moods and tenses, the 
following colloquial examples are appended : — 



PEBFEOT. 



n ni kiita. 

Hon wo yonda. 

SS iUa hUo wa dare f 

Watakuihi no tnita wa ihirokatta, 

Wataku$hi no mita no ni wa kuroi no ba- 

kari de atUJu 
WatakuM mo mita ga o hamuhi no tori 

de attcu 



Have already heard it. 

Have read the book. 

Who said so ? 

The one I saw was white. 

Those that I saw were all bhick. 

I also have seen it, and it is just a^ yoa 
said. 



• IHTBODtrCTIOIf • 



XXVU 



Kowareta mono wo yakama$hiku itts mo Scolding won't mend ft thing that hai 

naora^^uii. been broken. 

Kd shiu mo ii to ittakara ko auru, I do so because yon said it was better to 

do it so. 
Mita ga dd sum f What if I have seen it ? 

So shita yon kd shita hS ga U. This way of doing it is better than that. 



Mydniehi Tokyd ye yukS 
fdehi ahitaku too $uru^ 
Aihita yukS ka ihiraimr 



Mita ga yokard ka f 
Ame gafuru dard ka f 
Hito ga kiitara warau de ard. 
Mohaya hito ga kiita de ard, 
Kua hayaku tatta kara mS imagoro Td- 
kyo ye ttuitard. 

leha wo hayaku yondaraba kono bydnin 

t€uukard mono vh). 
DMru ka mite yard. 



FUTUBB. 

io omdte kon- I think of going to TokyS to-morrow and 
am getting ready to-day. 

I don*t knoxr whether I shall go to- 
morrow. 

Had I better see it ? 

Do yon think it will rain ? 

I think people will langh when they hear it. 

I think people have already heard it. 

If I had started early this morning, I 
should have been in TokyS by thi« 
time. 

If the doctor had been called early the 
sick man would Lave been saved. 

I will see if I can do it. 



FBES. PABTICIPIiB. 



Ikuea ga aru to kiite kimo wo tsiibushita. 

Isolde yuM-naeat^ 

Samukute ike-nai. 

Mite mo yoi ka f 

Kd shite wa warui, 

Mashi wo watatte mi-yo. 

Son wo shxmatte oite wa mushi ga Ani. 

Ame gafutte kura* 
Watakushi no me wo mite kudasare. 
Sonna koto wa utchatte oite kamai-nasa- 

runa* 
Mado kara tobi-dete dorobd wo tsukamae 

yakunin m watashimashita. 



Hearing that there was war, I was greatly 

sorprised. 
Go quickly. 
It is disagreeably cold. 
May I look at it? 
Don't do so. 

Cross over the bridge and see. 
If you lay the book away the moths will 

eat it. 
It is beginning to rain. 
Please look at my eye. 
Let that alone, and have nothing to do 

with it. 
Jumping out of the window, he seized th« 

thief and handed him over to the officer. 



ZZnU IHTBODfJOTIOII. 

OONJUHOnVB MOOD* 

Mieki wo fdkeba yokatakke. It would have been better to have i&r 

quired the road. 
Jdiriba wdru hodo oinoihiroL The more I look (at it) the more charm* 

ing it 18. 
Hayaku yukeba tt. Better go quick. 

Hatia ga $akeba kyaku gand fU kuru. As the flowers have bloomed visitors axe 

coming io see (them). 
Kazsnofukuhimfuneninorebaahunau It is dangerous to ride in a boat on t 

windy day. 
Zm wo Uumazareba na wo tuuu m Uara' By not increasing in virtue we fiul tr 
xu. make a name. 

OONDinOMAI. STOOD. 

Are wo ihimattara kore wo mru ga u. When you have finished that (you had} 

better do this. 
Kono Hon no kdihaku wo kiitara omoM- I think (you) will be pleased when (you) 

rokard. have heard a lecture upon this book. 

Kazs gafuUaraba hana ga chit-u dard. If the wind blows the flowers will be 

scattered. 
Toi to ihiUara tumiyaka ni okonai: wanU When (you) know a thing to be right do 
to ihiUara iunUyaka m aratame-yo. it quickly : when (you) know it to be 

wrong, promptly correct it. 

OONCBSSITB MOOD. 

Hito ga kiku to mo hazukashii koto wa Even if people should hear (it) there ia 

not. nothing to be ashamed of. 

dfM gafuru to mo itowanai de yuJdmasu. Even if it rains I am going (or shall go) 

without minding it. 

Att do miu mo taikutiu ihinau Although I see it frequently I am not tired» 

Kiksdomo kikanufure wo $hits tru. He hears but acts as if he does not. 

Tsjami wo kaita karedomo mada todoke 1 have written a letter but have not yet 

flat. sent it. 

niPSBATIVB MOOD. 

Ore no iu koto wo mimi no ana wo akete kike. Open your ears and listen to what I 8ay» 

Goran nasai. Look. 

/t6tif» no iitai koto bakari iwaxu ni hito Do not say what you wish but hear wbal 

no Ml koto wo kika$»hars. others say. 



IHTBODUOTIOlf. 



vxt 



HBOATIVK. 



Bono hanaski mads Hkazu. 

To ga aksts mo mada okizu m iru» 

Eore wa watakushi no mada yomanai hon 

da. 
Kydto mads iehi do mo yukanakaUa* 
8d wa iwananda. 

Ano hito yomoya so wa iu-mai to omou. 
Asu wa furimasumai, 
Funt ya shimai tenki ni naru ds ard. 
Edyu musukashii koto wa gakusha ni kika- 

nai ds wa shirsnai. 

Mi-naktOs mUafuri wo sttru. 

AshUa TdkyS ys yondokoro ndi yd ga atts 

yukanakuts toa naranu. 
Kikanai to shirsnau 
TJma ni noransba hayaku yukarsnai. 

Hito wa hon wo yomansdomo umaretsuits 

ri wo yoku ahiru. 
Doku na mono wa tabsnedomo ambai wa- 

rukunatta* 
Konna mono wa nakiUsmo yoi, 
Eiroi uehi ni sumawanakuts mo koto wa 

tarifu. 
Ei-go wo narawanakatta ksredomo yoku 

hanasu koto ga dskiru. 



I have not yet heard that story* 
Allhoagh it is daylight he is not yet ap. 
ISiis is a book which I have not yet 

read. 
I have never even once been to Kyoto. 
I did not say so. 

I don*t think he woald have said so. 
I don*t think it ¥^ill rain to-morrow. 
I think it will be pleasant weather. 
In a matter of so maeh difficulty, without 

inquiring of a learned man you cannot 

know it. 
To make believe he had seen when he 

had not. 
I must go to TokyS to-morrow, as I 

have important business. 
If you don't inquire you can't know. 
If you don*t go on horseback you cannot 

get there soon. 
Although a man does not read books he 

instinctively knows what is right. 
Though (he) eat nothing hurtful (he) 

became sick. 
Such a thing, is not needed. 
(I) have enough even if (I) don*t live in 

a big house. 
Although he did not learn the English 

language he speaks very welL 



NBGATIVX IMFBSATIVBt 



Bonnaninakuna: yakamashUkodomo da. Don't cry so much, you are a trouble- 
some child. 

li mono yam kara naku na yo. Don't cry and I will give you something 

nice. 

Ambai warui nara muri ni okiru na. If you are not feeling well don't try ta 

get up. 



jsa 



QTCBODUCXXOV* 



OkVBLTm VOBU. 



Omoshiroi hon wo yonde hUcaseru (or A»- 

kasete oru). 
WaUikwshi fii mo dSzo kikasete kuda$ar$m 
Ana Jtito ni kikaseru to jiki iti thaberu 

kara kikaseru na* 
Watakushi kono koto wa izm Hto td kika- 

ssrareta oboe ga arimam. 
Ana hUo no tame ni Tdkyfi y$ yukasarsta* 

Ana hito no uma wo watakiahi ga hika- 

terareta, 
Ano hito tw yomu heki hon wo watakushi 

ga kawari tii yomaserareru. 
Inu ni hito wo kamasete warui. 
Vma ni ktUmwa wo kamaseru* 



He IB readiag to others an interesting 

book. 
Please let me also hear it. 
Don't let him know, for he will tell it ai 

soon as he hears it. 
I remember to have been told of this 

before by others. 
Was sent (cansed to go) to TokyS oa 

account of that man. 
I was ordered to lead that person's 

horse. 
The book that he ought to read I have 

to read in his stead. 
Don't let the dog bite the man. 
To pat the bit in a horse's month. 



POTBNTXAL OB PA8SIVA. 



Hito ni kikareta toki ni komaranai yd ni 
yoku koto wo Mrabets oku ga a. 



Eumo ga harete Fti^i san ga miranru^ 

Kami aama ni minarenu mono wa noM. 

Kurai ni ageraretam 

Omoi ishi ga tdkai yama ni agerareta. 

Kyaku ga gocJUio ni yobarete mo mairima' 



It is better to investigate the matter well 
(beforehand, oku)y in order that I may 
not be troubled when I am inquired 
of by others. 

The clouds having cleared away Mount 
Fcgi can be seen. 

There is nothing that God cannot see. 

He has been promoted in rank. 

A heavy stone has been carried up a high 
mountain. 

The guest was invited to the feast but 
did not go. 



ADYEEBS. 

These may be divided, according to their formation, into adverbs proper, ai . 
nomit hakarif tae, to, Tianahadaf mottomo, kitto, ttm, doko^ dd. 

Adverbs formed from nouns by the post-position ni and ds, as . makoto ni^ 
fiuwmf hon nifihizuka ni, ato de, ihimai ni^ owari ni ; or by reduplication, ai; 
niehi-mchi, hi-bi, toH-doki^ tabi-tabi^ toshi-doahi, nm-nen. 

Those formed from adjectives by changing the final H into Aru, as ; tmyokn^ 
atiuku, omokUf amaku* 



IHTBODUGTIOIVt ZXZr 

AdverlMi or adverbial phrases formed by the partieiple of verbs, as : senute^ 
$adameU^ kajimiUf kmMte^ $aiwai fd thUi, hUo to Mu^ ioki ta shite. 

There is a large class formed by rednplioaiiiig the root form of adjectives or 
verbs, as : ito-uo^ hara-haam^ ara^wrm^ ari^rif kae9U*gae$u. 

Besides these there are a large namberof onomatppoetie words, used ad- 
verbially, as : bori'bori, boJd'boki^pon-pimfpun'pvn^ para-para jpachi-pachitpiri'pin^. 
py9, piuharif etc 

POST-POSITIONS. 

That class of words which is called Prepositibos in most other languages, in* 
the Japanese is called Poat-positioos, from their always foUowing the word which, 
they govern. 

The Post-positions proper are . tva, ga, ni, ye^ voo^ kara, yori, de, and tUte. 

Besides these, many words which are properly nouns are used to express tbi»^ 
relation between words, as : ue, shita, omoU^ ura^ ushiro^ uehi, naka, soto, hoka^ mae^ 
nochi, iaki^ ato^ aida^ kata, $oba, hotori, tonari^ tom^, mawarif kawari , also derived- 
firom the Chinese are, zm^ go, ehu, j9, ka. 

This relation in the English language is also frequently expressed in the Japanese^ 
by means of compound verbs, or by the p. pr. form of the verb, as : Ei wo yoji' 
noborUf to climb up a tree i ido ni tobukomu, to jump into a well ; ie wo aruki^ 
mawaru, to walk round the house ; hako kara tori-dasu, to take out of a box ; 
mekaia ni shitagaUe nedan ga aru, the price is according to the weight ; na ga 
tokoro ni yotU chigau, the name differs with the place. 



CONJUNCTIONS 

Are formed by the conjunctive, conditional and concessive forms of the verb^ 
also by the use of the same forms of the verbs kakaru, ahikaru, keru, taru, and soraUy. 
whose only nse seems to be to famish connectives of this class. Conjunctions may 
be divided into the following classes : — 

1. Copulatives, answering to, — and, moreover, beBides,^al80, so, then : to, oyohi^ 
narahi-ni, mo, mata, katsu, kono tie ni, nao mata, nao-sara. 

2. Digunctives, answering to,— or, whether, either: ka, ya, aruiwa, mata-wa^^ 
yara^ yaran, 

8. Inferential, answering to, — therefore, on this account, for this reason: yw 
ni, yoUe, kara, karu^a-yue ni. 

4. Adversative, answering to,— but, still, yet, however, on the contrary : $hika^ 
jft», shikashi-nagara, kaete, kekku. 



mH iimt(M>uoTiov« 

5. Introdnebg an explanatory sentence : kedoMf tadoM^ tnikeUtrk 

6. Introdaeing another, or reverting to a former, aobjeet: ioU^ somo'tafM^ 
Ahikareba^ tareba, •aU-mata. 

7« Denoting the reason, or eanse, answering to,— for, beeaose: noMHiamAa, 
ikan to nareba^ ikanar^M, kara^ aida^ and the ooojnnetive form of the verb. 

8. Denoting pnrpose or object t tanu m, yd fu, toU. 

9. Denoting concession : UUai^ keredomo^ tamo^ isdamot taredcmo, ihUcaredomOf 
titmm^ and the concessive form of the verb. 

10. Xtanoting condition : mof&i, fiarabaf nara^ and the conditional finrn of the 
verb. 

11. Denoting tee, answeriifg to,— as long as, whilst : uehit loJb', aida^ hodo^ $iL 

12. Denoting iqBpQoiftiQn: mnawachi^ tari'mo-naoiotu. 

18. Denoting conseqneiiee ' soIpmIs, lAito, atkUe, Mkmm nL 



OTBODUOnOH. xs.xm 

ABBREVIATIONS. 



41. or adg. 


stand for 


acyective. 




4id9. 


cc 


adverb. 




hot. 


« 


botanical. 




Budd. 


« 


Baddhist. 




•COtMt. 


<c 


cansative form of the verb. 




^hr. 


<c 






tolL 


<« 


colloquial. 




€onj. 


«< 


coiyanction« 




dub. 


<f 


fdtare or dabitative form of the verb. 




Eng. 


If 


English. 




exelanu 


<• 


exclamation or inteijection* 




fut. 


«• 


fatare tense. 




aram. 


<c 


grammatical. 




Heb. 


»l 


Hebrew. 




id. 


(• 


the same. 




Lb. 


41 


{id est) that is. 




imp. 


«« 


imperative mood. 




i.q. 


If 


(idem quod) same as* 




i.v. 


(« 


intransitive verb. 




Ug. 


«C 


legal. 




lit. 


c< 


literally. 




mat. 


M 


mathematical. 




med. 


<• 


medical. 




mil. 


<4 


military. 




n. 


If 


nonn. 




n^. 


f« 


negative form of the verb. 




o,c. 


l« 


old calendar. 




pasi. 


M 


passive. 




post'poi. 


C< 


post-position. 




pot. 


l« 


potential. 




p.p. 


CC 


perfect participle. 


. 


p.pr. 


« 


present participle. 




pret. 


<C 


preterite or past tense. 




pro. 


«C 


pronoun. 




f.». 


C« 


(qtiod vide) which see. 




San. 


<C 


Sanscrit. 




syn. 


<« 


synonymous words* 




t.v. 


44 


transitive verb. 




s= 


44 


equal to. 




t 


44 


obsolete. 




— in 


ttie Krst Part of the Dictiouary» stands for the repetition of the 


Japaoete 


word; 

X 


in the Second Part, 


for iho repetition of the English word. 





JAPANESE AND ENGLISH 
DICTIONAEY. 



ABI 



A 7 The first letter of the Japanese syllabary 
as arranged according to the Qo-jU-on; also the 
first of tlie five Yowels. It has the sound of 
a in father. 

fA 7 pron. I; me. 

tA 7 (cont. of aze) n. A dike ox narrow path 
between rioe-fields. 

tA 7 Ezclam. in replying to a question : yes. 

\k 7 Ezelam. of pain or admiration. 

A^ 7 7 Exdam. of pain, grief, praise or admi- 
ration : ah ; alas ; oh : aa kancukii kaTia, alas, 
bow sad ! aa nasake nai, oh, how omel I aa 
ureihii ya, how delightful I 

Syn. ANA, ABE, ABA, AWABE. 

Aa 7 7 adv. In that way ; in that manner ; 
so ; — funi, doing so ; — iu tdri w\ in that 
way ; — iltite iru to hito ni togamerarerit^ if yon 
do so people will blame you. 

fAASHiTA-KOSHiTA 7 7 i^ iT => i^'Y Exclam. ex- 
pressing the sound of laughter. 

Aba 7 '^'^ n. The weight or stone used to sink 
a net in fishing : — ga kanaruru. 

Aba 7 ><? interj. (com. coll. used in speaking to 
children) Good bye. Abn-aha or Abayo^ id. 

Abai,-au f j<y t.v. To shield; protect; to 
screen from danger. 
Syn. KAB4n. 

Abai-aIj-au 7 >^ b 7 7 (coll. for uhaiau) t.v. To 
seize or take by violence from one another. 

ABAKE,-Bn t f<ir ^ i.v. To be broken open, 
as a grave ; to be divulged, made public,^s a 
seeret. 

Abaki,-ku T f^9 t.v. To break open ; to di- 
vulge, make public, as a secret : Uuka too — , 
to open a grave or mound ; hara wo — , to cut 
open the abdomen ; kdzui ga dote too abakita^ 
the innndation has broken open the dike; 
inji wo — , to divulge a secret. 
Syn. HiBAEU. 

fABAMB,-BtJ T^<jtA' t.v. To despisei contemn : 
Abanuraru, to be despised. 

Syn. XTABBIIIBBU, ASADOBU. 



Ababa -fj^f n. The side of the chest : — m^ 
not dose together ; scattered. 

Abababonb y/<filf^ n. A rib. 

Ababata 7 '<7 -V Sfc ^ n. A house dUapidated 
and in ruins. 

Ababe,-bu T^^^^ i.v. To act in a wild, 
violent, unruly or turbulent manner; to be 
disorderly ; riotous : sake ni yotte abareru, to 
be drunk and violent ; uma ga — , the horse ia 
refractory. 

Syn. BAMB5 SUBU, ABEHAWABU. 

Ababbmono -f/^x^^J n. A riotous, unruly oi 

disorderly person. 
Ababi,-bu 7 /<iu i.v. To be waste; to be in a 

neglected, deserted or ruined condition. 
Ababi 7 /^ 9 {ami and hari) n. A bamboo 

needle used in making nets. 
Abata f/^Sf ?ttiS n. Pock-marks. 

Syn. Hosd NO ato, janeo, imo. 
+Abata8HI,-so -f /^^yf, t.v. To bring to light; 

to expose. 
Abatazuba 7 /^ir :sf 9 n. A pock-marked face. 

Syn. iMo-OAO, jankozuba. 
iAsEKEBE f ^^-u (ari and bekere) i.q. aru 

de arot 1 think there are. 
Abeeobe NI 7^3^— adv. In a contrary, 

opposite or reversed manner; inside out; upside 

down ; vice versA : hashi wo — motau, to hold 

the chopsticks upside down ; kimono wo — kinL, 

to wear the coat inside out. 

Syn. AOHt-EOCHI, saeasama, uba-ue, 
Abi 7 tf n. A species of wild duck. 
Abi,-bu 7 tf ** }^ t.v. To bathe ; to wash the 

body; to pour or spill over: mizu wo — , to 

bathe with cold water; yu-abi wo suru^ to 

wash one's self in hot water; mizu-abi ni yuka, 

to go in bathing. 
Syn. MOEUTOEu sued, toeu subd. 
Abijxooeu T i^i^zf ^ n. The lowest of the 

eight hells of the Buddhists. 
Abiei 7 I? ^ l^mi ftud hiki) n. Drawing the net 



ABI 



ADA 



Abiso T iT =1 /^ tl n. A species of lizard. 

Abise,-bu 7b'-ts>^ i.v. To bathe or wash 
another; to give a downward blow with a 
■word : hito ni mizu wo — , to bathe or wash 
a person ; mizu wo abisete ageyo^ let me bathe 
you. 

Abu T 7* St *i- ^ horse-fly : — hachi torazu 
(prov.). 

Abukd T y ^ (awa and /u^u) n. Bubbles; 
froth ; foam : mizu no — . 

Abu MI 7 7* ^ ^ n. A stirrup. 

Abumigawaba T 7* 5 *• V 7 n. The largo tile 
on the gable-end of a roof. 

Abumikuwa 7 7^ 5 ^ yN n. A kind of hoe. 

Abumishi 7 7^ ^ s^ n. A stirrup-maker. 

Abumizubi 7 7* $ pC 9 n. The flanks of a 
horse which are struck by the stirrups. 

Abdnagari,-bu yy-tij^fi- i.v. (coll.) To be 
timid ; fearful ; apprebensive of danger. 

Abunaoe y-f-Y^f n. Appearance of danger; 
dangerous ; perilo us: — im hashi; — ni miyeru. 

Abunai 7 7*-^>f coll. cont. of Ahunaki. 

Abunaki,-ku-shi y-f-^-i^ /^ adj. (coll.) Dan- 
gerous; perilous; hazardous; insecure: abunai^ 
take caro! look out I abunnkunai, there is 
no danger; abunaknte yukarenai, it is dan- 
gerous' and I cannot go; abunai koto, or 
abunai me, a dangerous affair. 

Syn. AYADKI, KEN VON, KIKKN. 

ABUNAKKAsni,-Ki-Ku f -f -^ V -fj %^ adj. (coll.) 

Seeming dangerous ; doubtful. 
Abukara 7 7••^1^ n. The danger, peril, hazard. 
AbunO 7 7*-^t> adv. (coll. cont. of abnnaku) 

vid. abunaki: — gozarimagu, it is dangerous ; 

take care! (polite). 
Abura 7 7*7 '<d/ n- Oil; fat; grease; sweat: 

— wo tsugu, to pour oil, as into a lamp ; — wo 
shimerUf to make oil by pressing ; — wo sasu, 
to oil, as machinery ; — de ageru, to fry in oil ; 

— no shimi, a grease spot ; — no ashi^ sweaty 
feet. 

Abuka-aoe 7 t' 5 7 y n. Fried in oil or grease. 
Abura-ashi 7 7*9 7 S^ n. Sweaty feet. 
Aburadaru 7 7* 7 fi' A- u. An oil-tub ; a barrel 

for holding oil. 
Aburade 7 7* 7 r 11- Sweaty hands. 
Aburab 7 7* 7 jc n. An oil-painting. 
Aburaoe 7 7* 7-^* u. Anything fried in oil or 

grease, especiiUly fried iofu. 
Abdragiri 7 7*;? V !? »• The Elaococcus ver- 
rucosus. 
Aburahi 7 7* 9 b u. An oil light. 
Aburajimi 7 7*7 sJ 5 n. Agreasespot; stained 

with grease. 
Abcrakami y'f'7fj\ n. Oil-paper ; i.q., to- 

yugami, 
Aburakabhi,-su 7 y ^ ft ^ t.v. To cause 

another to lose an engagement. 
Aburakasu 7 7' 5 * 3^ n. Oil- cake (the ref Lso 

after the oil is pressed out). 
Aburakawa 7 7* 9 ^ ^> n. A membrane. 
Abubake 7 y 7 >■ n. Oily, fatty, greasy : — 

ga nai. 
Abdrami f-f^ I n. The fat, or fatty part, 

as of flesh. 



The coccix of a bird. 
An oil-jar. 
An oil-can (for 



Abubamdshi 7 7^ 5 a 5^ n. The cockroach ; 

(met.) a troublesome person, a bore. 
Aburama 7 7^ 9 -h n. The rape- seed plant, 

Brassica Orien talis. 
Aburanuki 7 7^ 9 5? 4* »• A thing or person 

that extracts grease; the act of extracting 

grease. 
Abubasashi 7 7* 7 "9' j^ n. An oil can. 
Aburashi 7 7*7 s^ n. An oiler (of machinery). 
Abdbashime 7 7*75^^ n. An oil-press. 
Aburashiri 7 7*7 s^j; n. 
Aburatsubo 7 7* 7 y iif n. 
AbxjRatsugi 7 7* 7 y ^ n. 

filling a lamp). 
Abuhatsuki 7 7* 7 7^5 n. A dish for holding 

the oil of a laiiij). i.q. nbura-zara. 
Aburawata T'/yVSt n. Fish-roe or milt; 

also a rag used in applying pomatum to the 

hair. 
Aburaya 7 7*7-V n. An oil shop; a seller of 

oil. 
Aburazara 7 7* 7 ->/ 7 n. A lamp-cup, or dish 

for holding the oil. 
Aburazuno 7 7* 7 !/ >^ n. The end of an 

axle-tree, to which oil is applied. 
Abure,-ru 7 7* i^ '^ ?^, i.v. i.q. afare, 
Aburemono y y* \^^ J n. A ruffian ; a dis- 
orderly fellow. 

Syn. KAMBO-MONO, abaremono. 
Aburi,-rd y -f )^ >yj t.v. To roast: to toast; 

to hold or place near a fire in order to warm, 

or dry ; to grill ; to broil ; to torrefy, roast : 

tt wo — , to warm the hands at a fire. 

Syn. YAKU, KAWAKASU, HOSU. 

Aburi-kawakashi,-su 7 7* y :^ ''^ * ^ t.v. To 

dry at a tire. 
Abdriko 7 7' 9 3 n. A gridiron. 
Aburi-koga8hi,-bc 7 7' V =J *' ^ t.v. To char, 

scorch or blacken at the tire ; to torrefy. 
ABURi-KORosni,-.so 7 7* 9 3 p ^ t.v. To roast 

to death ; to burn at the stake. 
AcHi 7f- adv. There; that place; yonder: 

— ye iki na, get out of the way. 
Syn. ASUKO, soko, kanata. 

AcHi-KocHT 7f-zif- !fij7 iJb adv. . Here and 
there ; all about ; more or less ; about ; upside 
down : — tco sagashite mo miezn, I searched 
all over but could not find it ; — ni san ri 
arimashd, it is about three miles ; fade wo — 
ni molta, held the pen upside down. 
Syn. soKO-KOKo, abekobe. 

AcHiRA 7 f - 7 adv. There ; that place ; 3'onder ; 
i.q. aciii. 

Ada 7 ^ jS. ("sed only in comp.) Vain ; 
et]{tpty; useless; fruitless; ineffectual; trifling; 
fickle ; frivolous ; transitory ; frail : — wa, or 

— naruy adj. id. — ni, adv. Vainly, uselessly ; 
unprofitably : issen no ada-zeni wo tsukawa- 
zu, not spending one penny uselessly. 

Syn. ITAZURA, muda, mcnashiki. 

Ada 7 ^ J|^ Jff . — »a , or — narti, adj. Charm- 
ing ; lovely : — naru 8ugata,B, charming figure. 

Ada 7 ^ \jl n. An enemy, adversary, foe ; 
harm, injury: — suru, to oppose; to be 
hostile, inimical ; to do harm ; ware ni ada 



ADA 



8 



AGA 



gum mono totemo nikumi tut$uru bekarazUf we 
Bhoold not hate even onr enemies ; — ico 
kaesUf to revenge ; to avenge ; to punish an 
enemy ; — wo muftiZ, id. — wo uUu, id. 

Syn. TBKI, KATA.KI, UIUUI. 

Ada-ada8hiki,-ku-6HI T ^ T ^ v' * adj' Fickle ; 

inconstant ; changeful ; capricious. 
Adabana y ^A^ -f- n. Blossoms which bear no 

fruit. 
Abababa t^a^^ n. Pain in the stomach; 

i.q. Menki. 
AtiABiTO T it\£ Y n. An enemy ; a fickle, 

changeable or inconstant person. 
Apabushi yjt-fl^n. A light sleep, or doze ; 

i.q. utatane. 
Adadasia T^'^'-r n. A ball or shot that 

missed the mark. 
Adafuda fiityif coll. — na, adj. Capricious ; 

whimBical; fickle; nonsensical: — na hito ; 

— na koto wo in. 

Adagataei 7 ^'ij* !r^ u. An enemy ; a foo. 

Syn. TEKi. 
Adaguchi Jit'fi' n. Empty, trifling, or 
foolish talk 

Syn. MUDAKrciiT. 
Adakauo T^*^ "?& adv. Just like; just as; 
almost like : tsuki no hihari sayaha ni shite 

— hiru no gotoihi, the moonlight was just as 
bright as the day ; adakamo shinitcru hito no 
yomigaerishi gotoshiy just like the coming to 
life again of a dead man ; — yo.sAt, just right. 

Syn. CHODO, banagaba, samo. 

Adake,-ru f^^j^i.y. To be trifling, frivol- 
onf«, fickle. 

Syn. uwA-uwA subu. 

Adaeoto T fi'zj }* n. Trifling or frivolous talk ; 
i.q. mudabttnathi. 

Adaeubabb T ^ 9 ^ '< n. Competition for a 
worthless or trifling matter. 

Adamakijba tff^i^'y n. Illicit intercourse. 

Adameki,-eu T ^ ^ ^ i-V' To appear fickle, 
frivolous or trifling : ware wa kore made budu 
ni kori'katamarite adameku kokoro womotazu, 
until this I was absorbed In military studies, 
and was not given to frivolity. 

An AMI T ^ ^ n* Fruit that Is worthless, cf no 
value or use. 

'tAj>AMi,-Mn T^-*» !•▼• To be offended or dis- 
pleased with ; i.q. uramu. 

ADAHnii 7 y ^ 5 n. Hearing inattentively or 
heedlessly : — wo nukagii. 

Adamono T it^) n. A worthless thing; a 
trifliug, frivolous person. 

Adaka y jf-Y Ti. A nick-name ; a false name. 

+Ai>ANAi,-AU Tif-Yy t.v. To oppose. 

Ai>A^AXi t iif-Y \ n. Trifling waves ; ripples. 

Ai>A2nB 7 if^ n. Illicit intercourse. 

Ai>APPOi,-KU fifyii^'i adj. Gay; charming; 

fascinating : koye ga — . 
.Adabhi T k l^ ik adj. Another ; different ; 
foreign: — gami, other gods (not of this 
eoantry) ; — yo, another world ; — kuni^ 
another country; — kokoroy the mind of 
.another person ; or a fickle, changeable heart. 

Syn. HOKA, TA, BBT8U. 



Adawaza Tifv^ n. Fruitless labor. 

Adaya fif-y n. An arrow shot in vain; adi 
aiTow thiit has missed the mark. 

Adataea 7^"V* adj. Charming ; fascinating ; 
beautiful. 

Adazaeura y it^ p y Yi. A cherry tree that 
soon sheds its blossoms. 

iAno 7 I* n. A juggler's assistant ; ado wo 
utsu, or ado-ntsu, to improvise a second stanza 
in poetry, or follow in a dramatic theme. 

Adoeenai,-ei-eu-shi 7 1'^^^ adj. Simple; 
inexperienced; ignorant or without judgment 
(as a child). 

Adonai 7 b* ■^ >( iq- adokenai. 

Ab -y Ji n. A species of trout ; i.q. ai or ayu. 

Ae 7-^ n. An entertainment; a feast. 
; Ak,-ru 7 Ji ^u Lv. To be like ; to resemble ; 
i.q. ayakarn : aezu, (neg.) unlike; aemono, 
a thing similar, or like. 

Ae,-ru 7 ^ ^i' t.v. To dross food, as a salad : 
na ICO — , to make a salad of greens ; aemono ^ 
a salad. 

Aegi,-gu T ^ ^ i.v. To pant ; to blow, as 
one out of breath : aeide hashiru^ to run 
pant in R. 

tAEEA 7^^ adj. Weak ; feeble ; i.q. yotra/fi. 

JAemono 7 ^ ^ >; n. Food eaten with rice ; a 
relish ; i.q. «((t, axcasc. 

Aen 7jci^ SJ&J3- Zinc. 

Aenai, cont. of aenaki. 

Aknaei,-ku-shi 7jxi-h>f adj. Frail ; feeble ; 
transient; sad: — saigo, the sad end (of 
life) ; aeiiahn iki wa tae ni keri. 

Aexkwa 7 ai V ^ y n. Flowers of zinc. 

IAeshio T ^l/'V n. Soy ; i.q. «/i{yi/M. 

IAeshiuai.-au T ^l^ y 7 i.v. Same as ashirai. 

Aetachibana T ^ ^ i- /< -h n. The bitter 
orange; i.q. daidui. 

Aete y ^T adv. Daring ; venturing ; presum- 
ing; making bold ; positively: — sezUy would 
not dare to do ; — iru koto yurusazu, will not 
allow you to enter ; — kikazu, would not listen. 

Aezu {f ^-pC Added to the root of verbs signi- 

Aenu] ficH, unable, not daring, or stopping 
to perform the action of the verb to which it is 
joined : iki mo tsuki-aeziiy without taking 
breath ; hanashi wo kiki-aezu deta^ no sooner 
did he hear what was said than he went out ; 
toi-u mono wo tori-aezu^ not stopping to take 
anything; seki-aenu namida^ tears that could 
not be repressed. 

Aezueuri 7 ^ !/^ 9 n. A salad made of fish. 

ArDRAEASHi,-su 7 7 9*^ caust. of a fare, to 
cause to overflow. 

Afure,-bd 7 7 !• iu i.v. To overflow; to 
inundate ; to run over ; to abound ; to fail : 
kawa ga afureta^ the river has overflown (its 
banks) ; »ake wo kai ni itta ga afureta^ I 
went to buy some take but failed to get it. 

Afdyo 7 7 3 ^ n. Opium ; i.q. ahen. 

t Aga 7 If pron. My ; our ; i.q. waga : agako^ 
my son ; agakokoro^ my heart. 

IAgachIj-tsd 7 if y t.v. To divide, distribute, 
apportion, i.q. wakanhi-atau» Agataseru, caosti 

' Syn. WARATdUi EUBlBUi 



AGA 



4 



AGE 



AoAKB y it Y (cont. ami hake) n. A young 
falcon. 

Agaei.-eu T *• ^ ER i-^' ®' *'^* ^o P*''^ *^' 
stomp with the feet (as a horse) ; to kick or move 
the feet (as a beetle when lying on its back) ; 
to prance ; to gallop ; to struggle ; to exert 
one's self ; to strive after : muthi ga aomuite 
agaku ; agaite vio mogaite mo shiyd ga nat, 
all bis kicking and contortions were of no 
avail; vma ga yuUazu shite chi wo agahu^ 
the horse piiws the ground but does not 

go. 

AoAKi T if ^ n. Pawing ; prancing ; gallop- 
ing : unui no — wo hayanuru, to make the 
horse gallop faster ; — wo Uogatu, id. 

Agame,-bu T if > a^ ^ t.v. To exalt, honor, 
glorify, adore, reverence : kami wo — , to adore 
the gods ; hito wo hami ni — , to exalt a man 
into a god, to deify a man. Agame-uyamaUy id. 
Agamerareru^ pass. Agametaseru, caust. 

Syn. OOAMT7, UYAMAU, TATTOBU. 

AoAMONO fH*^ ? y9i%^* An expiatory offer- 
ing ; atonement ; satisfaction. 

tAoAMOTE fif^T n. (cont. aga and omote) 
My face, i.q. waga omnte. 

AQANAi,-An Tif-i-7 ^ t.v. To buy ; to atone 
for ; make satisfaction for ; to redeem ; to 
compensate ; to make good ; to ransom : kane 
wo niotte Uumi wo — , to make satisfaction 
for crime with money ; hito ni kawatte tsumi 
wo — , to make atonement for the sins of 
others. AganawarerUf (pass.) to be redeemed, 
or ransomed. AganawaserUf (caust.) to cause 
another to atone or redeem. 
Syn. TsuouNOU, baibho subu. 

AoANAi 'Tifi'U n. Atonement ; redemption ; 
ransoming ; compensation : — wo nauu. 

+AoARE,-Bu T if ^^ i'V. To be scattered ; 
dispersed ; separated, apart : agare-agare ni 
owatskiniagUf to live separated or apart from 
each other ; i.q. chiru^ wakareru. 

AoARi,-BU y if A^ J:, i.y. To ascend ; to rise, 
go Hp, mount up ; to improve ; to advance ; 
to make progress ; to take (as food or drink) ; 
to enter or come into (a house) ; to be con- 
^seated or taken away (by government; to 
be done, finished, completed ; to deepen in 
color ; to rear up (as a hoss^) : yama ni — , 
to ascend a mountain : gakumon ga — , to 
advance in learning ; nedan ga — , the price 
has gone up : iro ga — , the color has deepened 
or improved ; te ga agatta, has become more 
expert, ^r, has improved in writing ; o agari 
nas^i^ please come in, or, please take a seat, 
or, please help yourself to food ; sakana ga 
agatta^ ihe fish is dead ; yakume ga agatta^ 
removed from ofiice; fushin ga agatta^ the 
work is finished ; ikura de agaruy how much 
wiU it cost ; fune yori — , to land from a 
boat ; yu yori — , to come out of a bath ; 
/curat ni — , to be promoted or rise in rank ; 
tobi-agaru, to fly or jump up ; deki-agatta, 
is finished; kake-agaru, to run up; hai- 
agaru, to creep up; tenki ga agatta, the 
wcathf r has cleared up ; uma ga ngari-tawa' 



ga, the horse rears and prances ; ayaru mono 

ga nai, there is nothing I can eat. 
Syn. NOBOBU. 
AoABi 7 ^ 9 n. The ascent, rise ; promotion ; 

conJlusion; confiscation: agari-uma, a rearing 

horse; agari-iagari, the rise and fall, the 

ascent and descent ; agariiaka, an acclivity, 

ascent. 
Agabiba 7 ^ 9 /^ n. A place for landing from 

a boat, or for coming out of a bath ; a jetty: 

a wharf. 
Agabidan 7 ^ 9 y V n. A ladder ; steps ; stairs. 
AoABinENji 7 ^ 9 5r V ^ n. Land taken or 

confiscated by government. 
Agabiouchi 7^9 ^f* n. The entrance to a 

flight of steps : nikai no — . 
Agabimoko Tif^^? n. The produce of a 

field ; the crop ; rent ; income ; a bondman 

(obs.): miya no — , the income of a temple. 
AoABiTABU 7 i(f 9 ir >u adj. Ancient; antique; 

old : — yo, ancient times ; — hitOy men of 

ancient times. 
tAoABiTE Tif V T — wo, adj. Same as ajari- 

taru. 
Agabita 7 *• 9 "V n. A prison ; a gaol. 

Syn. BOTA, GOKUYA, HITOTA. 

Agabi-yashiki 7 a* 9 "V »^ 4^ n. A confiscated 
house. 

HoATA nr Si )K n. The country ; a region 
distant from tue capital ; a country district 
or department ; i.q. kdri, inaka : agata mi ni 
yukut going to see the country ; agata-meshi^ a 
summons sent to district officers to appear at 
the capital once a year, on the 11th day of the 
Ist month ; agata-nushi^ the chief of a depart- 
ment. 

Agatsu 7 *• 5^ see agachi, 

Agau y if y same as aganau. 

Agb,-bo 7 ^ a^ X *■▼. ^ »!«« ; to li^^ 
up ; to hoist ; to el' fate ; to heighten ; to 
give to a superior; to offer in sacrifice; to 
reckon ; to «ount ; to tell ; to land ; to finish ; 
to vomit : ho wo — , to hoist a sail ; koye 
wo agete yohu^ to call with a loud voice ; iro 
wo — , to heighten the color ; na wo — , to 
become famous ; fune no ni wo — , to land 
cargo ; katu wo — , to count or reckon up 
the number ; nedan wo — , to raise the price. 
kurai wo — , to raise to a higher rank ; yaku 
wo — , to resign or give up an office ; ageso 
ni narUf to feel like vomiting ; shi-ageru^ to 
finish doing ; nuri-ageru, to finish painting 
mothi-ageru, to tell to a superior ; tori-ageru^ 
to take away, remove ; hiki-ageru, to pull up. 
AgerarerUy pass, or pot. Agesaseru, caust. 

Age,-bu T^a^ IrS t.v. To fry ; to broil : saka- 
na wo — , to fry fish. 

Age 7 ^ n. A tuck in a garment : — wo sum, 
to make a tuck; kata-age, a tuck at the 
shoulder ; kothi-age, a tuck in the waist. 

AoE-ASHi 7'/7 5^ n. (a raised foot), (coll.) 
Used mostly figuratively ; as. — wo toru^ to 
take advantage of a mistake or slip of another 
to get the better of him or trip him up ; -^ 
torarenu yojiu wo suru- 



AGE 

AoEBA t^/a^ n. A landing; wharf; jetty; 

i.q. hatoba. 
AoKBUTA T^yS'T^' A part of a floor that 

can be raised at pleasure ; a trap-door. 
Agechi T-Zf* jL ?L ^' Weaning a child: — 

iffo tttru. 
AoEOAKi f *^if Sf^ n. Writing the name of the 

Emperor or very honorable person in a new 

line and above the other writing on the page. 
Agegoshi yy zfi^ n, A sedan chair raised on 

poles. 
AoKooTAirsu y^zfstyn. A bi-azier placed 

on a stand over which a qailt is spread, 

used in cold weather. 
AoEHABi y y^y^ n. A curtain, or shade, that 

can be let np or down. 
Agxkoto 7 y 3 )• n. An ofifering made to the 

kami. 
Agekit ni 7 '/^ ^ adv. (coll.) At last; finally; 

in the end : ageku no hate ni, id. 
Syn. TSUI NI, owARi ni. 
Agema 7y-r n. A horse offered to the ftami; 

a sacred horse 
AossiAxi 7 y -r ^ n, A lock of hair left in 

shaving a young boy*s head, over each temple; 

a young boy or lad ; a bow-knot ; a tassel. 
Age-masari yy^'f ^) n. Looking better for 

having the hair done up. 
Age-mochii,-ru or tubu T y^f-^^ t.v. To 

raise from a low social position to service in 

the Prince's employ. 
AoBMOKo tY^ J n. Anything fried in grease 

or oil. 
Age-otobi 7^4" b 9 n. Looking less hand- 
some for having her hair done up. 
AoBTA 7 y -^ n. An upland rice-field. 
Aobtabi-sagbtabi 7 y Sf 9 'f y S 9 adv. Rais- 
ing up and letting down. 
Agetsuue 7 y y >f' — ni »urM, to monopolize 

or keep for one's self (a harlot). 
Agbt8UBai,-au 7 y y 9 7 |^ t.v. To discuss, 

reason on ; to argue about ; i.q. ronznru, 
AoBTA 7 y-Y n. An assignation house. 
Aoi 7 ¥ M St °* Asafetida. 
Aoi 7 4^ n. The gills of a fish ; the upper jaw ; 

i.q. wca-ago, 
f Aoi 7 ^ i.q. agaJtOt nr»y son. 
AoTTO 7 4^ )* An. The jaws ; the gills of a 

fish : shishi no — ni kakarut to be seized by 

a lion, 
t Aoitoi,-ou 7 ^ > 7 i.v. To move the motfth 

like a fish in swallowing water; to move the 

mouth like a child learning to talk. 
Ago 7 =r n. The lower jaw ; the chin : 

— ga hazureru, the jaw is dislocated : — wo 
otoshite miru, to stare with open mouth ; — 
de athirau, to motion with the chin ; amari 

— wo tataku na, don't talk so much ; — ga 
hiru, the jaws are dry, i.q. have nothing to eat. 

Ago 7 rf n. The barb of a hook : Uuribari no — . 
Aoo 7 =f (cont. ami-ko) u. A fisherman. 
fAoo 7 =^ pron. i.q. waga fro, my child. 
AoTJ 7 / i.q. ngeni. 

Aox7MI,-mu 7 / a 5RM§ i-V' To be tired, weary, 
fatigued; out of patience; sick of: ano 



AI 

hito no naga-banashi ni wa agunda, wearied 
with his long story; agumi-hateru, to be quite 
weary ; tired out. 
Syn. TsuKAREBU, rsru, taiktjtbu. 

AouMi,-MU 7 / A |S!& ^ i.v. To sit with the 
legs crossed ; to cross the legs : a^umt-tru, id. 
Syn. ASHi wo kumu, aguba wo kaku. 

Agunb,-bu 7 ^* ^ A' i.v. To be satiated, 
surfeited, glutted : takwan tabete agunete 
shimau; nimotsu hakekachi ga nakute agu- 
nerv, when there is no sale for goods the 
market is glutted. 

Aguba 7 ^ ^ n. Sitting with the legs crossed 
tailor fashion ; a stool ; a chair : — wo kaku^ id. 

Syn. KOSBI-EAEE. 

Agubu 7^/1- i.q. ageru. 

Ahen 7 ^ V P^ >i* n. Opium. 

Ahibu 7 b 'i- 11. A domestic duck. 

Aho 7 * ^ ppj 3^ n. A dunce ; a fool; foolish- 
ness: — wa, stupid; foolish; silly; — wo 
in, to talk nonsense ; — na kotOf a foolish 
affair ; — meiba ni noru, 

Syn. BAEA, OBOEAMONO, SHIBEMONO. 

Ah6ra8Hii,-ki 7 ijt Tjr 9 5^ >f adj. Foolish ; silly. 
Ahorathiku^ adv. iu u foolish manner ; foolish- 

ly- 

Ai 7>f |g n. Lidigo, blue, the Polygonam 
tinctorium : ot-iro, blue color ; — de someru, 
to dye an indigo color ; aoki wa at yori idete 
ai yori aoshi (prov.) ; aibataket an indigo field. 

Ai 7 ^ Exclam. used familiarly in answer- 
ing a call : ai to henji wo sum. 
Syn. HAi, 01, o, HEX. 

Ai 7 ^ The name of a fresh-water fish, a 
species of trout, Salmo altivalis. 

Ai 7 ^ $C {kanashimi, nageki^ nrei) n. Grief; 
sorrow ; sadness ; lamentation : — wo omou^ 
to feel (rrief ; to grieve ; to mourn ; lament. 

Ai 7-^ ^ {itstikushimi) n. Love; affection; 
attachment : — twu, to love ; to regard with 
affection ; ' hito wo aisuru mono wa hito ni 
aiseraru bethi^ he that loves others shall be 
loved; at wo xuhinaUf to lose one's love for 
anything;. 

Ai 7 >r n ^* Interval of time or space ; time ; 
during ; between ; leisure : ?ia no ai ni mono 
ga hasantUt something is sticking between the 
teeth; fU-fu ai ga waruit the husband and 
wife are on bad terms. 

Syn. MA, AIDA, AIMA. 

Ai, Au 7 7 S »•▼• W To meet ; to en- 
counter ; to suffer ; to happen on ; to find : 
to-chU de ame ni atta, was caught in the rain 
whilst on the way; hidoi me ni atta^ met 
with, or suffered great trouble ; au wa wakare 
no Jtajimej meeting is the beginning of parting. 
(2) '^ To agree, correspond, accord ; to 
chord, harmonise ; to suit ; to fit ; to be joined 
together : ki ni au, to like ; to suit ; to be 
pleased with; ki ni awanu, do not like; 
warifu ga atta, the seals correspond with each 
other ; kono haori wa watakuthi ni yoku ai- 
masUf this coat fits mo nicely. 
Syn. (1) EWAi suBu, (2) 5zubu, gabsubt;, 

EAMAU, FUOO SUBU, TEKI SUBU. 



AI 

Ai T b ^^rogetber; mntaal (used only in 
oompouucf words as a reciprocal prefix ; 
frequently also prefixed to words in official or 
epistolary writings merely for elegance or 
politeness); as ai-tasukerUt to help each 
other; ai-ai sum, to love each other; at- 
kataraUf to consult together ; at-nont, to ride 
together ; ai-ntmu, to live together. 

Syn. TAQAI NI, TOMO KI. 

Ai-Ai MI T b T b <::^ adv. At various intervals 
of time or space ; from time to time ; at in- 
tervals. 

AiBAM T b /^ V ^ ijl^ n. A fellow watchman ; 
watching together. 

AiBBTSU y ^ ^y S ^J {toakare no kanathi- 
mi) n. The sorrow of parting. 

AiBi f ^ }£ n. The plank laid from a boat to 
the shore to land by. 

AiBi 7 b If n. Using the same fire ; cooking 
by the same fire. 

AiBiAi,-AU T b tf T 7 i^ it *•▼• (coll.) i.q. 
ayumiau. 

AiBixi T b If ^ ^ ?l A* Mutual retreat or 
withdrawal * — no tatakai, a drawn battle. 

AiBd y^aft^n, A fellow chair-bearer or 
coolie. 

AiBOBE 7>f 4^u n. In love with each other; 
mutual love. 

AiDA T b y [Q n. Interval of space or time ; 
time ; space ; between ; while ; during ; since ; 
as ; because : yama to yama no — , between the 
mountains ; oyako no — ga trantt, the parent 
and child are on bad terms ; hito toki no' — , 
the space of one hour ; ichi ri no — , the space 
of a mile ; snkothi no — , a little while ; kon 
teki ttumi-okuri ioro — , as the goods were 
sent this evening, etc. 

Syn. MA, NAKA, AI. 

AiDAOABA 7 b y A* 9 fiS ^ Q* Belations, con- 
nections. 

Syn. SHINBUI, TSUZUKIAI. 

Ai-DAMA 7 -f •^ n. A ball of indigo. 

fAiDABEf-RU T A St i^ii' t.v. To caress, fondle. 

AiDESHi 7 'f r i^ K^ P^ u. Fellow pupil ; 
school-mate. 

AxDO 7 >f ^i; IS W {nageki, itamu) n. Lamen- 
tation ; monmiug : — sum, to lament, to 
mourn. 

AiGASA 7 b ■*' 1^ ' -^ ^ n. Together under one 
umbrella : — da aruku, 

Aioi 7 ^ :^ n. An outside garment worn by 
women. 

AioiEU f \i^ if tS ^ '^' ^be exchange of 
letters or veraea between friends ; correspond- 
ence ; a love song ; i.q. koika. 

AiauMi T h 9* I I^ i£ n. Belonging to the 
same company. 

AiousuBi 7b5'*5^9 -^gln. A medicine 
adapted to the di8ea.se : a specific. 

fAiowAM 7-f/7v^^ — sum, to regard 
with pleasure; to enjoy. 

Aiot5 7 >f % -V i> ft 2^1: "• Amiability ; charm- 
ing or pleasant manner. 

AiHAN 7 b >N 3^ ^g ^ — *wrui to disagree, 
contradict* 



6 AIM 

Ai-i 7 ^ ?^ n. Assembling together. 

AiJAKu 7>fs^7^ 'St^ ^- An attachment ; 

affection; love for anything. 
AiJiBUSHi 7 b s? it' s^ "^ ^p n. An ensign, 

banner, badge, signal ; corresponding mark. 
Auo 7 A 3?-Vi5r ftfff n. Love; affection: 

fufu no — , conjugal love. 
Auo 7^S?-Vi5' ik9 "• Sorrow; sadness; 

grief ; lamentation : kuwan-raku kiwametU- — 

d8hi, i.q. aithd. 
AiJOMON 7bs^-V^*v '^'fS:^ n. A doc- 
ument containing an agreement and terms of 

partnership. 
AiKAGi 7b^^'^$|n. A false key ; a fellow 

key to the same lock. 
AiKAMAETB 7b^^^T H HH ^^» Certainly; 

positively ; by all means. 

Syn. KERSHITE, BADAXETE. 

AiKATA 7 h^ St '^'^ n. A mate, partner, 
companion, fellow, playmate, comrade; also 
^f^, tL counterpart, or impression (as of a 
seal) : — wo iadameru, to choose a partner. 

AiKO 7 b a (coll.) Equal ; a match for one 
another. 

AiKOKU 7 A zi p 'H^ {kanathimi nahu) : — 
sum, to cry with sorrow ; to mourn, lament, 
as at a funeral. 

AiKOKU 7 >f 3 ^ ft BJ {kuni wo aUurtt). The 
love of country ; patriotism : — thiu, patriot- 
ism; — no jo, id. 

AiKOTO 7 b 3 b n. A reply ; an answer. 

AiKOTOBA 7bab/^^pn. A countersign, 
watch-word, signal : — wo awasu, to reply to 
a signal. 

AiKUCHi 7b^f--l^"firn. A short sword ; A 
dagger; a dirk. 
Syn. HisHU. 

AixucHi 7 ^ ^ f- n. Fond of the same 
things. 

AiKucHi 7 ^ ^ f- n. A disease of the mouth ; 
i.q. akuchi. 

AiEucHiAi,-AU 7 >{ ^ f- 7 7 i.v. To be of one 
mind ; to agree, nccord. 

AiKUGi 7 \i i^ ^ "^ ir^ n. A nail fixed in the 
edge of a board to join it with another. 

AiKWAN 7^^!7v S^g^n. (urei yorokobt) 
Sorrow or joy. 

AiKYo 7 >f 41 -v ^ §§fc Lovely; amiable; 
winning ; attractive : — tro tirtt, to gain by a 
winning or attractive manner. 

AiMAi 7 >f ^ ^ CJ BS (bonyari). Obscure ; 
clouded ; dim ; not clear; not easily understood; 
arabignouR. 

AiMiN 7 >f 55^ ^ iS^ (kanashimi aicaremu) : — 
sunt, to feel sorrow and compassion. 

AiMONO 7 A "B ^ n. Food taken with sake, 

AiMUBE 7 b A ^ n. A festival anciently cele- 
brated in the 9th mouth, when the first fruits 
of rice were offered to the kami; now called 
shinjo-tai^ or kanname-matgiiri. 

AiMDKAi,-AU 7 hAij 7 ^g (pj i.v. To be op- 
posite to or facing each other. 

AiMUKAi Ni 7bA*bii :^g(^ adv. Opposite 
to each other ; face to face. 

Syn. BASHI-MUKAIDB. 



AIM 



AIY 



AniuKO -f b A 3 ^ ^ n. Persons who have 

married sisters ; brothers-in-law. 
AiNADANOMi 7>f -^^y 5 n. i.q. muda nota-, 

nomi. A vain hope or trust. 
AiNAKA 7 b -h ^ ^ tf» n. Intimacy ; friendly 

intercoarse ; amicable and familiar terms. 
tAniAKi,-KU-8Hi Tb•^>' adj. Useless; vain- 
ly ; ashamed. 
AiNARi 7 ^ -^ 9 fQ jA To become : owari ni 

— md*hi 8010, has ended. 
AiKKN 7 >f ^ 2^ j^ ^ T^' ^ove ; affection. 
AiNixn 7 -f — ^ . Coil, for ayaniku. 
AiNOKo 7 b >/ 3 n. One born of mixed breed ; 

an Eurasian. 
Axoi 7 b 9 >f #Q £ n. Growing up together, 

or side by side : — matsii. 
Aioi 7 b i- >f rt ^ n. Growing old together. 
AiKA8Hn,-xi-Ku 7>f9»^>f $Cb^J- Lovely ; 

darling ; pretty ; beautiful ; pleasing. 

Syn. KAWAIBASHU. 

AnusN 7>f w :gij|j| Compassion; pity; com- 
miseration ; sympathy. 

Syn. FUBIN, AWABEMI. 

AiBo 7-f n ^fc n. (cont. of aya and xro) 
Figure and color : teppo no kemuri nite mono 
no airo mo wakarenUt owing to the smoke of 
the guns we could not discern anything. 

Syn. ATAMR. 

AiBo 7>f97tg4tii> ^ ^1^6 col<>' ^0^ painting. 

AisA, or Akisa 7 >f -i^ n. A kind of wild-duck. 

A18ATSD y ^ -^ y 4^ ^ n. Salutation ; acknow- 
ledgment of a favor ; an answer ; — sum, to 
salute, to mediate or interpose and settle a 
difficulty between parties at variance; »ewa 
ni natte — tco turut to pay a visit with a 
present in acknowledgment of a favor ; kan- 
gneie — wo shhOy when you have thought it 
over Rive me your answer. 

A18AT8UNIN 7 >f ■9' 5^ — i^ ^ fi* A. n. A peace- 
maker ; a mediator, intercessor. 

Syn. ATRUKAININ, chOnin. 

AisAWA-Ni 7 \i-^ V :^ adv. Making a noise 
together, as n crowd ; i.q. aisnwaide. 

A18HI 7 ^ S^ ^ ^ n. Beloved child. 

AiBHiBAi,-AU r 'i i^^ y (coll. i.q. ashirai), 

AiSHiBu 7 >r s^ 'U n. Juice of the iudigo plant. 

AisHO 7 -f s^-yf; :^® (kanashimi, itami) n. 
Grief ; sorrow. 

AiBHo 7>f v'-V^ ^^fcfe u. Congeniality of 
temper or disposition ; — wo mtrw, to tell by 
the horoscope whether the temperament of 
two persons is congenial, so as to become man 
and wife. 

Also 7 b y ^t^ T^- (leg.) A complaint, re- 
in on Rtrauce, or petition. 

Also 7^(1^^ ft ft n- Civility; courteous- 
xiess ; politeness ; hospitality : — wo sum, to 
treat courteously ; — wo iu, to speak civilly ; 
— no nai hitOt an uncivil person ; — ga tsu- 
kiru, to lose one^s affection for anything ; to 
be tired of ; grow cold or indifferent to ; to be 
estranged, alienated. 

soinrKi,-Ku 7 ^ y A ^ U 95 t.v. To turn 
the back on each other ; to disobey : aisomuite I 
tatiu, to stand back to hack. j 



AisoNAOB NI 7>f1^t^■^y^ ^ftftiR adv. 
In an uncourteous, uncivil, unsociable man- 
ner. 

AiB5RABHn,-Ku 7 >f l^ ^ 9 i'>f ft ft Sib adj. 
Kind ; civil ; courteous or polite in mauner. 

Aib5zukabhi,-bu 7>f-9'i5r5^^5^. To cool in 
affection or attaohm'ent to another ; to treat 
with rudeness or incivility. 

AiTA 7 >f ^ Exclamation of pain ; it hurts I it 
pains I 

AiTACHiNAKi,-Ku-BHi 7 b it f* ■^ 5^ adj. Un- 
civil ; impolite ; uncourteous. 

AiTAOAi Ki 7bif^>f^ ftS adv. Mutually;, 
together ; with or amongst one another. 

AiTAi 7 b ir >f ft f^ adv. Between them- 
selves ; without the presence or intervention 
of another : — de tadameru ; aitaijini^ dying 
together. 

AiTAi 7 b ir >f 9|jSn. Spoken of the clouds 
spread out in strata or layers : kumo aitai 
to $hite tanabiku. 

AiTAi,-Ki-Ku 7 b ir >f S S?- Wish to meet ; 
would like to see : watakushi ga aitai to itte 
kudasare, please tell him I wish to see him ; 
ano kito ni yd ga aru kara zehi aitai, as I 
have business with him, I must see him ; at- 
taku nai, do not wish to see, or meet. 

AiTAiOAi 7 h iiMifh tPH n. Trading or 
buying directly, without the intervention of a 
third person. 

AiTAi-Ni 7 b ir ^ n ^ J^ adv. Privately ; by 
themselves ; without the interposition or pre 
seuce of others. 

tAiTAKB-BiTO 7 b Jr ^ If ^ n. One who par- 
takes of a feast with others. 

tAiTANDOKORo 7>f^v»?3n ^fP n. The 
Emperor's audience chamber in the Daijokwan. 

fAiTATBNASHi 7 >f ft T -^ l^ adj. Over-fond of; 
inordinately attached. 

AiTATSU 7 A 9 V ft aj — «"«<, to inform, 
communicate, make known. 

AiTB 7 b 7* i.q. akite, the pres. part, of aki. 

AiTB 7 b ^ ft #• or '^^ ^ n. A mate, part- 
ner, companion ; an opponent, antagonist, 
adversary, competitor ; the other party in any 
affair : — wo miru, to act as a partner or an- 
tagonist ; — 100 shite kudasare, join me in a 
match (game, etc.) ; aite hoshi ya to omd to- 
koro da, I was just wishing I had some one to 
talk to (or to play with). 

AiTEDORi,-RU 7 b T h* *' ft ^ ^ t.v. To 
treat as an enemy or opposing party (as in a 
lawsuit, or quarrel) ; against : oya wo aite- 
dotte kuji wo sum, to bring suit against one'a 
father ; tomodachi too aitedotte kenkwa wo 
sum, to quarrel with a friend. 

AiTSTJ 7>f :/ fS[i^ (cont. of ano yatsu) That 
feMow. 

AiTSUCHi 7 b 5* f- ft ^ n. Hammering to- 
gether, as two blacksmiths with alternate 
strokes. 

AiTsuTsuji 7 >f !^ V s? n. A species of azelia 
that blooms in the autumn. 

AiTAKB 7 b -Y ^ )&5S- The daughter in-law'i 
or son-in-law's father. 



AIY 

AiTAKU r>rir^Bgtftn. a fellow officer. 

AiTBN-KiYiN r ^ ^i^^^^ iStVkl^Vh- ^^^ 

and dislike ; as, hito wa — da, men have 

different likes and dislikes, different tasteii. 
AiTOMX 7 b 9 >r jA)i2 n. The wiyee of two 

brothers, or daughters-in-law in the same 

family. 
Ai-zo 7>f >/p ^49 n* {itsukuthimi, nikumi) 

Love and hatr^. 
AizoMK T>f y> 16^ »• Blue-dyed: i.q. ax- 

zuri. 
Aizn T b ^ ^ B n. A sigualr- sign : — wo 

funi, to make a signal ; — fio hata, a signal 

flag ; — no teppo, a signal gun. 
AizucHi 7b^f-^£|n. A sledge-hammer: 

— utsu, replying to another's speech. 
AizuHi 7 ^ ^ ^ n. A ball of indigo used in 

dyeing. 
AizuRi 7 #^ ?f 9 fi ffl n. Printed or dyod in 

blue. 
Ajari 7 sJ -Y 9 n. (Sanscrit word) A Bud- 
dhist priest whose office it is to attend to the 

discipline of the bonzes under his control. 
Aji 7 ^* i^ n. The name of a fish. 
Aji 7^* ^ n. Taste, flaror: — wo mirtit to 

try the flavor ; — wo tsukertt, to flavor. 
Ajioamo 7^*^qB M^ft !>• The spectacled teal. 
Ajika y -^-fi )f li. A kind of basket used by 

farmers. 
Ajikinai,-ki-ku 7f ^.-^-f S^ 19 •^^i- Vain; 

empty; useless: ajilcinakutsuki hi wo okuru, 

to pass the time uselessly ; yo wo ajikinakn 

omou, to be weary of the world ; mi no ajiki- 

nam. 
Ajimaub T'f-r >i n. A kind of trailing bean 

or lentil. 
fAjiHASA 7f"Wl^ n. The betel nut; i.q. bin 

rdji, 
Ajina 7f'■^ ^IS adj. Strange; wonderful ; 

surprising. 

Syn. AYASHII, HEN-NA. 

Aj[xnai,-xi 7f'■^>f SS^^adj. Without flavor ; 
tasteless : kaze hiite tahemono g^a ajinai, when 
one has a cold food is tasteless. 

Ajxbo 7 s9 ft HQ f^ n. A woven work of bam- 
boo, ratan or grass ; a weir or fish-basket. 

t Ajibotaha 7 0xt itT n. A kind of wagon 
used in ancient times. 

Ajisai 7ft^ V^nH^' The Hydrangea. 

Ajisashi 7 V-f" S^ n A gull, or tern. 

Ajz-ubi 7i^if ^ If A n. The musk-melon. 

Syn. MAKUWAURI. 

Ajiwai 7^''>b ^ n. Taste; flavor: — ga 
yoi ; — ga warm ; — ga nai. 

AjiWAif-AU 7 f ^^ y ^ t.v. To taste, to try ; 
to examine : ajiwote itttru, to tiy by tasting. 

AxA 7 ^ M {^ n. (a Sanscrit word) The 
water placed by the Buddhists before their 
idols, and in the hollow places cut in tomb- 
stones ; holy water. 

Aka Tm M^ n. Bilge-water : — wo kayeruj to 
bail out a boat, or pump a ship. 

Asa 7 j(r $& n. Filth ; dirt ; the dirt or grease 
of the body ; the dirt or slime of water : yu- 
aka, the incrustation on the inside of a teapot ; 



8 



AKA 



— wo otoiu, to clean off the dirt ; — ga tsuiUk, 
dirty ; mimi no — , earwax ; — ga zhimita, 

Aka 7j» •^. Bed; naked; completely; per- 
fectly : — no tanin^ a perfect stranger : naed 

mostiy in compounds. 
Akabo T imf n. A species of rioo that has a 

reddish ear. 
t Akaboshi 7 ^ 4^ s^ n. The morning star, 

Venus. 
Akadaikom T ^ ^ ^ ^ i^ -^ ^^ n, A beet. 
Akadama 7^^'r-^^n. A red stone; the 

name of a secret medicine, made into red pills, 

and used for pain in the stomach. 
fAxADANA 7 * y ■^ n. The shelf or altar in 

the house where holy water and Buddhist 

idols are placed. 
Akagaebu 7 Uif^^ -pa n. A species of 

frog having a beautifully striped skin. 
AxAGAi r ijH A # J$ n. The name of a 

species of red shell-flsh. 
AxAOANE f ijjf^f. DE) n. Copper. 

Syn. DO. 
Akaoao 7 ^ :er^ -^ n. A red face. 
tAxAOABi 7 fj if ^) i.q. okagire. 
Akagashi 7 fjifi^ # tt i^* ^f" name of a 

tree ; lit. red oak 
AxAGASHiBA 7 fj if >^ y A person with red 

hair ; a red head. 
Akagb 7ijY -7^^ ^* Bed hair. 
AxAOiBE 7 ^ ^ V ^ n. Chaps, or cracks on 

the hands or feet produced by cold : te ni — 

ga kireUi, my hands are cliapped. 
AxAOo 7 * =f -^ ^ n. An infant ; babe; i.q. 

akambo. 
Akagoub 7:^^>f n. Red or glutinous rice. 
Akahadaka 7ij ^^ fit ^ ^. Stark naked ; 

bare of clothing : — ni nam ; — de zoto ye 

deru, to go out of the house naked. 

Syn SUHADAKA. 

Akahaji 7 » -'^ f # |fe n. Publicly disgraced: 

— wo kaka^eru ; — wo kaku, 
AxAHABA 7^->>9 -^^ i:. Dysentery. 

Syn BiBYo. 
Akahiob 7 a b y A red beard ; a person 

with a red beard. 
Akai 7 a # n. The well from which {aka) 

holy-water is drawn. 
Akax,-ki-shi 7 it a -^ adj. Bed; ^met) sincere, 

loyal : akai kimono, red clothes ; nana ga akai^ 

the flower is red : akai iro, red color; — hh- 

koro, a sincere heart. 
AxAjiMiTA 7 if sf I fi $^ ^ adj. Dirty ; soiled 

by the grease of the body : — kimono, dirty 

clothes, 
t Ajlakagachi 7fJ'^iff' n* i^q* hddzuki, 
tAxAKi 7 ^ ^ B^ adj. Bright ; clear. 
Akaku 7 a ^ adv. Bed : — zwu, to make red ; 

— naru, to become red ; — nai, it is not 
red. 

Akauamb 7 ^ "T > n. A reddish-brown bean. 

Aka-matsu 7 fi'T y -^ ^ n. (red pine) Pinu 
densiflora. 

Akambxi 7'fJ>'<A Q> (coll.) Pulling down 
the lower eyelids to make faces at othenii in 
the manner of children : — wo twu. 



AKA 

Axamb5 TA^4f^ -^ ^ n. (com. col.) An 

infant. 
Sjrn. HiDOBioo. iKino, sexishi. 
Akamx y -Jj jft n. Tl»p fish known as the tai. 
AxAME,>RU 7 ^ > >^ # t.Y. To make red ; to 

redden : hao wo — , to blash. 
Akameai,-au f ij :>t jy i.v. To confront each 

other with flushed face : akameatte arato. 
Ajkavi 7 ^ $ -^ n. A redness ; a red color or 

tinge of red ; the red part ; the lean part of 

flesh : — kakarn, or — xaiUj to turn red, 

ripen. 
AxAMi,-Mu 7 * A i.v. To be red. 
AK4Mn)ACHi,-T8D f ft I ^ y -^ ^ i.v. To turn 

or become red, as leaves or fruit. 

AXAMIWATABI,-BU T it % V ^ ^ 'S' jjE *•▼• To 

become red all over, as the sky at sunset. 

t Akamo 7 ^ ^ -^ £ n. A red skirt or petti- 
coat. 

Ajkamomo 7 ij^ ^'n. Bog cranberry, Yaccinium 
oxycoccus. 

AzAMAsn TfJ-^"^ u. Tomato. 

Akake 7 Hj^ iff i^> Madder, or Bubia-man- 
jista. 

Akanesasu Tfj^-fy^ adj. The red appearance 
of the sky at sunnet. 

t Akaxi 7 * ^ ^ fl- n. Bed : — no ho, red, 
(or ripe) ear of rice. 

Akaku 7^3C Zy^ Q^- ^^ <*^'> ^^^ open; 
o'f ^ /K Qo^ iii^^ or weary : — naka, indis- 
soluble or delightful relation ; raehi ga — , 
slow, not expeditious. 

Akakuke,-bu Tfjy^ir ^ i.V' To be gay ; 
stylish ; refined ; polished. 

AxA-OTosHi ffj-jt y ^ j&?fn- Anything that 
will cleanse or remove dirt from the body or 
clothing ; cleausiog. 

Akabaoao 7^9^* #^11. A red face. 

AxjkBAKA y -fi 7 ij ndj. — fia, red. 

Akabakashi 7 ^ ? ^ S^ n. Bed-oak. 

Ajlabamb T ij '7 y w. Looking away or aside. 
Syn. -sosomb. 

Akabah£,-bu 7 :^ 9 >^ 'I' i.v* To redden ; make 
red. 

Akabaxi,-mu 7 ^ 9 a -^ i.v. To become red ; 
to be ruddy ; to blush ; to be ripe ; kao ga — , 
to blnsh. 

AwABABAMA nfi 7 ^ 9 "t -^ ^ SWi adv. With- 
out concealment or disguise ; plainly ; dearly ; 
publicly ; suddenly : — iu, to speak the whole 
truth. 

Syn. xuKiDASHi ni. 

AsABB,-Bu Tfiy^A^ :^)K pasi. of aftf, to be 
disliked ; loathed. 

AxABi 7^9 m n. The light ; a light . mado 
wo akete — wo toru, to open the window and 
let in the light ; — - ye deru, to come to the 
light ; mado knra — ga «a«u, the light shines 
in through the window; — wo ttukeru, to 
light a lamp ; mi no -^ ga tattu, my inno- 
cence is cleared up. 
t Akabi,-bu 7 * >^ i.v. To become red ; to be 

ripe ; to become clear, bright, or beautiful. 
▲kabi-mado 7*9"*»?^^n. A skylight. 
Syn. SXN-MADO, hibaxi-mado. 

3 



) AKE 

AxABi-sixi 7^9*9*^ BJ!A3d- Before one's 
light ; in one's light : — ni tattu^ to stand in 
one's light. 

Akari-tobi 7 tr 9 V 9 B^ JfL n. A window, or 
any place for letting in light. 

Aeabui,-xx 7 ^ '^ >f Vf{ adj. Light ; not dark i 
clear ; bnght ; clever ; skillful : — tokoro, a 
light place. 

AxABUxu 7 * *- ^ adv. Light : — nam, to 
become light ; — turn, to make light, lighten ; 
— nai, not light ; mi no ue — txini, to clear 
one's reputation. 

AxABUMi 7 ^ ^ ^ 9)1 n. A light place. 

AxABDSA 7^>^'9* Bj! n. The lightness; the 
state or degree of light. 

Akabushi 7^^i'l^- It is light. Soe aknrni 

AxABUTAB 7 ^ rt* 5f '^ n. A garment worn by 
a kannushi when worshipping n kami 

AxASA 7U-f -^ n. The state or degree of 
redness. 

AxASHi 7 :^ »^ -^ adj. See nkal. 

Aka8hi,-8u T a ^ flJi t.v. To make clear or 
plain ; to explain ; to declare or make known 
something concealed; to confess, reveal; to 
bring to light ; to spend the night in doing any- 
thing : Jion wo yonde yo wo — , to spend the 
night in reading ; naki — , to cry all night ; 
ariui ni — , to confess the whole truth; yo wo 
aka»hi-knnern. to spend a miserable night. 

Akashi 7 * v' is "• Proof ; evidence ; light . 
furui uta wo hikite — to thi, cited ancient 
poetry in proof. 
Syn. 8HOKO. 

Akashi-bito 7 j^ S^ tf h n. A witness. 

Akashide Tij i^x n. Distegocarpus laxiflorus. 

Akasuji 7 ^ ^ f -^ jK u. Bed lines, or veins. 

Aeatohaketa t a y ^ -^ y 9 adj. Beddish. 

Akatobi 7A> 9 ^JR u. A vessel for bail- 
ing a boat. 

AxATBUKi ffj y ^ ft »• The dawn of day ; 
day-break. 

Syn. toake, akbbono. 

fAxATsuxiousA 7 * 9 ♦ /■9' n. The momiog 
bell. 

AxAZA 7 j^ H^ ft n. A thorny shrub, Cheno- 
podium album. 

AxAZUxi 7 A y ^ n. The vessel in which aka 
is kept. 

Akb 7 ^ :I^ n. A red color; crimson. 

Ake,-bu 7 ^ ^ m or IQ t.v. or i.v. To open ; 
to empty ; to vacate ; to dawn : to wo — , to 
open a door ; kuchi wo — , to open the mouth ; 
michi wo — , to open the way, clear the road ; 
ie wo — , to vacate a house, or to absent 
one's self from home ; hako wo — , to open a 
box, or to empty a box ; ana wo — , to make 
a hole; aida wo — , to make an opening be- 
tween ; yo ga — , the day dawns ; nen ga 
— , the year or time of service is finished ; 
toiki ga — , the new year has begun ; futa wo 
— , to take off a lid. 
Syn. BiBAKu. 

Ake,-bu T ir A' JSi i.v. To be satiaved ; tired 
of ; to have enough : akeru kethiki fiakUt no 
sign of being tized of. 



AEE 



10 



AKI 



The Akebia quinata, 
Tho dim twilight of 



Akebi T>'h* 55.$g n. 
barberry. 

Akebono T ^h^ ) (5 n 
the morning. 
Syn. ASATSUKi. 

AXEDAMA •f^jf'^ n. The rim of the vent-hole 
on the top of a helmet. 

Akeoata 7^ if St tfy^ n. Tho dawn. 

Akbourb T >" ^ V ^ ^ n. The darkness jnst 
before the day begins to break; morning 
twilight. 

Akehanarb,-ru T^j^'tufi' a^ fli i.v. To 
dawn (as the morning) ; to break (as the day.) 

Akehana8Hi,-bu T ^^^"^"^ Sfl He *•▼. To leave 
open : to wo — . to leave the door open ; ake- 
banaslii mityo, don't leave the door open. 

Ake>kt7rb tV ^ 1^ H % i2> Bising and setting 
of the sun ; morning and evening ; day and 
night ; constantly : — kokoro ni hanarezUt 
was in my mind day and night. 

Akemutsu y fr ^v V^:^ n. Six o'clock in the 
morning. 

Akeni t y ri n. A box made of bamboo. 

Akemobi 7 ^ J h n. The next or following day. 

Akenoxahe T Y ? fj^ ^S8 "• T^6 morning 
bell, struck about snurise in Bad. temples. 

AxENOTOBHi r Y ^ h i^ Bj|i^n. The year 
after ; the following or succeeding year. 

AxENOTSuxi y ^ ) y ^ 9^ ^ n. The month 
after; the mouth following. 

Ake-tate 7 Y sit M K1 »• Opening and shut- 
ting. 

tAxETsuKEDORi f Y y ^ ^ 9 p. (poct.) A cock. 

Axi T 4s f^ n. Autumn, fall, harvest : — no 
kure, end of fall. 

Axi T t* iK II* Satiety ; fullness ; enough : — 
ga deru, to get tired of anything ; — ga hayai^ 
soon weary of. 

Axi T4» S o* *"<i '^^j* Empty; vacant; un- 
occupied ; open ; lucky ; favorable : — doknri^ 
an empty bottle ; — baho^ empty box ; — i>, 
vacant house ; — chi, vacant or uncultivated 
land ; — diina^ a vncant shop ; — no kata^ a 
lucky quarter or region. 

Axi, Abu, Aita 7 ^ 59 o** S ^-v- To be open, 
empty, vacant, unoccupied ; to begin : to ga 
aita, the door is open ; ie ga aita^ the house 
is vacant ; hako ga aita^ the box is empty ; 
akinai no kuchi ga aita, the sale has com- 
menced ; rue ga ahu, eyes are open. 
Syn. hiraku. 

Axi,-Ru or-xiRu, AiTA 7 ^ $*^ or Ijf^ i.v. To be 
full, satiated ; to have enough ; to be tired of, 
wearied: aku made taheru^ to eat to satiety ; 
mono ni a kirn, quickly tired of a thing ; mo 
kiki aita^ I have heard enough, I am tired of 
hearing; asobi ni akiru, tired of play; aUu 
koto ivo ghirazH, never satistied ; sahana ni 
akUf to be tired of fish ; a kit made tsuyoiy 
exceedingly powerful ; aku made, completely. 
Syn. rrou, ita ki naru, agumu. 

Abiaji 7 ^i 7 iJ n. (au Aino word) Salmon. 

AxiBiTo 7 + b* h 1^7/^ ". A merchant, trader. 
Syn. AKiNDO. 

AxiDO 7 + h* Si n. The gills of a fish. 



Axioo 7 * =i' fit ^ n. Anything produced or 
brought forth in the autumn. 

Axihatb,-ru y ^j^t f^ JR ^ !•▼• To be com- 
pletely satiated ; to be tired of anything ; 
disgusted : kono shigoto ni wa aki-hateta, quite 
tired of this work. ^ 

fAxuiHi 7 41 5? b n. Amaurosis. 

fAxiXAZEZuxi 7 4* * -tf 5^ 4^ n. The eighth 
month. 

AxiuA 7 4^^ n. Space between, as two open 
doors. 

AxiMEEURA 741^^9 ^■g'n. Amaurosis, or 
glaucoma ; (coll.) an ignoramus. 

AxiMOMo 7 4> qg >7 5(^ n. Merchandize 
goods, 

AxiNAi 7 4* -h b ift n. Trade ; traffic ; com- 
merce : — ICO 8uru, to trade. 
Syn. SHOBAi. 

AxiNAi.-AU 7 4» ■♦• 7 J^ t.v. To trade; to 
traffic ; to buy and sell : omae tea nani wo 
akinai-natam, what do you trade in ? 

Syn. BAIBAI BURU, 8H5BAI ST7RU, UBIXAI SURU. 

AxiNAi-BrNB 74*■^b7•-^ J@^||$ ($hosen) n. A 
merchant-ship. 

AxiNAi-MONO 74»-^b*>? i©^n. Mer- 
chandize ; an article for sale ; goods ; wares. 

AxiKDo 7^ VI? 0j/^n. A merchant, trader. 

AxiNDO-BDNB 7 41 5^ h* y:f j^ J^ n. A mer- 
chant ship. 

tAxiNOMiTA 74»>' 5-V ffe*? n. The palace 
of the Empress. 

tAxiNosHiMo 74»>'5^*$t3!Sn. A sword. 

Axippoi 7 4- 5^ dM adj. JcoU.) Easily tired of 
anything ; fickle ; capricious ; changeable. 

AxiRAXA 7 4» 9 » H^ Clear; plain ; intelligible ; 
manifest ; distinct ; obvious ; luminous : — 
naru hi, a clear day; — de nai^ not plain. 

AxiRAXA-Ni 7 + 9 :J» ^ B^ adv. Clearly ; dis- 
tinctly ; plainly ; evidently ; intelligently : — 
iu, to speak plainly. 

AxiRAXERi,-xu-BHi, 7 4f 9 ^ + H^ *^i« Clear; 
plain ; manifest. 

AxiRAME 7 4*- 9 .Tt 1$ n. Ease or relief of mind 
from doubt, perplexity or anxiety ; resigna- 
tion ; satisfaction : — no tame ni isha ni mite 
morau, to ask a physician to see a patient 
merely for one's satisfaction; — no wnrui 
onna, a woman who will not be resigiied or 
dismiss a matter from her mind ; akiramera- 
renu to akirameru, to be resigned to the inevit- 
able. 

AxiRAME,-Ru 7 4» 9 .?» ^ f J t.v. and i.v. To 
clear ; to make plain ; to understand clearly ; 
to clear, free or relieve the mind of doubt or 
suspense ; to satisfy, or set the mind at rest ; 
to he resigned or acquiesce in : dori wo — , to 
make the truth plain, or to understand it ; 
thikata ga nai to — , finding there is no 
remedy to be resigned. 
Syn. OMoiKiitn, kwan-men buru. 

Aeire,-ru 7 4i v/ -rt' i.v. To be astonished ; 

dumbfounded ; to wonder ; to be surprised : — 

akirete mono ga iwarenu, not able to speak 

from astonishment ; akireta hito, an awful man« 

Syn. ODOROKu, bozentaru. 



AKI 



11 



AKU 



tAsiBA or Ai8A T sjp-f n. A species of wild 

duck. 
fAKiSAsu ya^-fy^ n. Bargain money ; paying 

in advance. 

Syn. TB-T8UKX. 

AsiTABi,-Bu f Sf^ St f^ fe S. i'^' To be satis- 
fied ; to have enough ; contented : akitarazxt, 
nnsatisfied. 

Ajotsu 7 * 5^ n. A dragon-fly. 

Akttsukami 7 ^yij \ n. The visible god, i.e. 
the Temhi. 

Akitsushixa or Akitsusu f Sf-y i^-r fX; $^ 3t| 
D. An ancient name of Japan, so called from 
its shape resembling the dragon-fly, or, as 
some say, from its abundant harvests. 

AxrtA T 4* "Y S S ^- ^ vacant honse. 

fAxizu T ^ ^ n The dragon-fly ; i.q. ahitsu. 

AxxENAi.-Ki-KU 7 y ^ -h >f adj. Not enough. 

Akkx-mi-torabx,-bu yy^^Y^x^f^ i.v. 
(coll.) To be amazed, surprised, astonished, 
thunder-struck. 

Akkebakan f y ^ ^ ij ^ adv. (coll.) In a 
vacant, empty manner; having nothing to 
occupy one's self with ; listlessly : — to thite 
hi wo kuratUt to spend the day in a vacant, 
idle manner. 

Akxx 7 ^ ^ §% ^' ^^'^ spirits ; a demon. 

Akxi 7^^ i^% "■ Noxious vapors ; miasma. 

Akk5 7 ^ a ^ ,^, p {warn kuchi) n. Vile, 
BcnrnlouA or blackguard hingnage : — furic, 
to blackguard, revile ; — wo in, id. 
Syn. NONOSBIBI, zooon. 

fAxo 7 3 n. My son, i.q. waga ko, 

fAKo 7 =3 n. (poet.) A fisherman. 

Mko T if tt -^ adv. Contraction of akaku^ 
red : — ffozarimas, it is red. 

Akox 7 3 -31 n The spur of a cock. 
Syn. REzuME. 

AsooABB,-BO 7 zi If u A' i^^^ i y. To be ab- 
stracted, absent-minded, or the mind deeply 
interested in some object and unconscious of 
things near; unsettled or nnesRy in mind ; to 
long after 

Akooabe-abuku 7 3 y !• 7 A' ^ i.v. To walk 
about in an abstracted manner. 

Akooi-na 7 a ^ -j- M^ adj. Extravagant ; 
absurd ; unreasouable. 

Ajcooi-ki 7 3^^ ppli^ adv. Extravagantly; 
absardly. 

fAsoME 7 3 > n. A woman of low rank or 
position 

f Akoxb 7 3 >i n. The garment worn next the 
skin by wumen ; a garment worn by nobles 
from the 1st to the 5th rank : — ginu, id. 

Akoya or Akoyaoai 7 =i "Y n. The name of a 
shell-fish. 

Aku 7 ^ spp aki ffe or f^. 

Aku 7^ f^Yt ^- I'ye; also the liquor ob- 
tained by slaickiiig lime or steeping anything 
in water. 

Aku 7 ^ jg; [ashiki) Bad ; wicked ; evil ; 
infamous ; atrocious ; hellish ; malignant ; 
noxious ; virulent; foul : — wosnru^ to commit 
evil ; — too korasuy to punish wickedness ; — 
m' fukeru, to increase in evil ; aku-ba, a vicious 



horse ; aku-ba, a virago ; aku nichi, an un- 
lucky day. 

Akubi 7 9"^ ^ ii> Tawning ; gaping : — i9o 
nvru, to yawn ; to gape. 

Akubyo 7^tf'YT> %^ {ashiki yamai) n. 
A malignant disease. 

Akuchi 7 ^ f- ,^ litt n. Bad or impure blood. 

Aeuchi 7 ^ f* n. Pimples that break out on 
the lips. 

Akudoi,-ki 7^ ^^ adj. (coll.) Quickly produc- 
ing satiety ; cloying ; palling ; gross in taste ; 
exceeding what is delicate, refined or proper ; 
disgusting by excess ; florid; verbose; prolix. 

Syn. 8HIT8UK0I. KDDOI. 

Aku-fO 7^7^ ^ A (ashiki narawashi) n. 

A bad custom ; bad manners. 
Akuoabb,-bu 7^if^^ Same as akogare, 
Akugiaku 7^^-V^ ,^a$ n. Outrageously 

wicked ; atrocious ; nefarious ; diabolical or 

impious ; treachery ; treason. 
Akuoo or Akuoyo 7 9 H" 7 j^ Sc [athiki 

wata) n Evil deeds; evil reward: (Bud.) 

— IPO tsukiirite aku-go no mukui wo vkuru, 
Akuhei 7 9^^ ^ $p^' n. Evil practices ; bad 

conduct or mann^-iH. 
Akuji 7 P V ^st^ (ashiki koto) n. A bad 

affair ; a wicked thing : — sen ri koji mon wo 

idesu, a bad thing is known a thousand miles, 

but a good thing goes not out of the door. 
AzujiTsu 7 9 ^y ,^y n. The seed of the 

gohTiy used as a medicine. 
Akujo 7 9 'f^ ^ %,iic '^' -^^ ^g^y woman ; a 

bad women. 
Akuma 7 ^ "^ ,^^| n. A demon ; a devil. 
Akuaiu 7^ a ,^;^ n. A bad or unlucky dream. 
Akumyo 7 9 \-*^ -fj ^ i (ashiki na) n. A 

bad name or reputntiun. 
tAKDNAi,-AU 7 ^ ■^ 7 i.v. To prance. 

Syn. HANKnu, oporu. 
Akuken 7 9^1^ ^'^ ^- Evil or wicked 

thoughts : — wo nkosazn. 
Akunin 7 ^ — V 4^» A (toarui hito) n. A bad 

or wicked man : — ni wa tomo oshi, a bad 

man has many companions. 
Akubu 7 9 f^ Same as akeru. The dawning or 

opening of the day ; ensuing ; following ; next: 

yo no — wo matsu, to wait for the dawning of 

the day ; — /it, the next day ; — toshi, the 

following year. 
Akubyo 7 ^ V -V tJt ^^, ^* n. A malicious 

spirit of a dead person : — gu hito ni toritsu- 

ku, a malicious spirit bewitchps men. 
Akuseibyo 7 9 ^s >i t'-V^ i^ i^ 1^ "• A 

disease of a malignant type. 
Akuseku 7 9-^9 ^ 1^ adv. In a busy, 

bustling manner . — nhitn hataraku. 
AkushO 7 9 i^^ %^ w. a bad habit. 
Akushu 7 9 1'='' %^ n. (Bud.) Transmi- 
gration to a worse condition. 
Akdshd 7 9 i^sL ^^ (te u-o nigirii). Grasp. 

ing the hand (as in saluting). 
Aeuso 7 ^ "9* i> ,^:fS| n. A bad or malicious 

physiognomy. 
Akuta 7 9 9 ^f: n. Dirt ; litter ; filth. 
Syn. QOMi, cniiu. 



AKU 



12 



AMA 



IAkuta y 9 St IX, An intestinal worm, Lumbri- 

eos, i.q. kwai-chH. 
Akutafu 7 if St y n. The place where dirt or 

litter is thrown ; a dirt-heap. 
Aku-tai y 9 St a SII "• ^^^®» foul, sour- 

rilous language. 
Syn. akk5. 
Akuto 7 ^ )• ^^ n. A had or wicked 

person. 
Akuto 7 ^ b n. The heel. 
Aku-to 7 ^ ^ ^ ^JK n. An atrociously 

wicked person or company. 
Akuzoku 7 ^ / ^ IS 4^ ^* ^^i^ customs. 
Ama 7 t ^ n. A Buddhist nun 
Ama 7 -^ vS a n. A fisherman : — oionut 

fisher-woiiiHu. 
Ama 7 "t ^ n. Heaven ; the sky ; used mostly 

in compounds : fi^ rain. 
Ama-aoabi 7v7**9 ?I5J:.o. Clearing off 

of rain. 
AuA-Ai 7 ^ 7 b n. The interval between 

showers of rain. 
fAMABABi 7^/<9 n. The clear interval be- 
tween showers of rain. 
fAMABiKO 7 ^ bf =] n. An echo, i.q. yamahiko. 
■J-Amabito T -^ \£ h n. An inhabitant of heaven. 

Syn. TBNNIN. 

Amaboshi T '^ nf i^ ^ ^ "• Sun-dried, 
without being salted ; dried persimmon. 

Amacha 7 "T f* -V -^ ^ n. The name of a 
sweet infusion, used as a medicine, and for 
washing the image of Shaka on the anni- 
versary of his birth. 

A&iADABi Tt sf 9 f( n. The rain dropping 
from the eaves. 

AUADARI-UKE 7 T S^ *) "^ ^ ^^ T^- A VeSSol 

for receiving rain water. 
Amadeba 7 -r t ^ /E.'^n. A convent or 

nunnery (Budd.) 
Amado 7-rl^ fH ^ n. Bain-door; the outside 

sliding doors which are closed at night or in 

rainy weather. 
Auab 7 t <3& n. Indulgence; humoring or 

petting a child. 
Amae,-bu 7 t -ae^ A' ig( t.v. To caress, fondle^ 

coax ; petted ; coaxed ; persuaded : kodomo ga 

oya ni — , the child caresses its parents ; go- 

ihin-teUu ni amae, induced by your kindness. 
tAMABTAZi,-KU-8Hi 7 ^ jc St ^ adj. Bashful; 

shy. 
Amaoabbu 7'^^'^^Tf9i|^n* A tree-frog. 
tAMAOABB,-Bu 7 '^ if 9r ^ t.v. To walk upon 

the heavens or in the air. 
Amaoaki 7Tift^ n. A species of early persim- 
mon. 
Amaoappa 7^ify^< ^"^^ n- A rain-coat. 
Amagasa 7'rif'9' fS ffi n. A rain-hat, or ff| 

1^ au umbrella. 
IAmaoatsu 7'rifyu. A doll or image on 

which the evils of children are laid and borne 

away. 
Amage 7 t ^ n. Having the appearance of 

rain. 
Amaoinu 7^^st n. Bain clothes, worn in the 

rain. 



tAMAOiBi,-Bu 7-^^A^ i.v. To be cloii47; 

Ahaooi 7 "^ :^ b f^ ^ n. Praying for ram. 

t Amaoobomo 7 ^ =1* n •« n. A rain-coat. 

Amagu 7 "T / fR #t n. Articles used to pro- 
tect from rain ; as, au umbrella, a rain-coat. 

t AuAHAOA 7 ^ f\^ n. The sea-beach. 
Syn. umibata. 

Amahada 7'^ »^st n. The inner bark of a traOv 
i.q. ama/r«fir/T. 

AuAHAKo 7 -r ^N 3 n. A box made of a net-work 
of wood. 

t Amai 7 ^ b As, like : same as g^ioku, 

AuAi,-si 7 -r >f -tf- ad). Sweet • pleasant to 
the taste ; savory ; [ j)^] not enough salt ; [$fe] 
easy ; loose ; not tight ; not strict ; having too 
much play ; [^] soft, as metal ; foolish : «atd 
tra afiiai, sugar is sweet : tUio ga — there ib 
not euongh salt in it ; nori ga — there is not 
enough starch in it (clothes) ; ktisabi ga — , 
the wedge is loose ; katana no kans ga — , 
metal of the sword is soft ; chie ga — Aito, 
has but little wit. 

Amajio 7 V s^ i)t ^ 9J n. Slightly salted. 

t AuAJiBHi 7 -r s? &^ 11. A fleshy tumor ; a wen. 

Amakawa 7 'T'f] f^ D. The inner bark of a tree. 

AuAKEzuKi,-KU 7 ^ -^ "^ 9 ^%^^ !.▼. To 
have the appearance of rain. 

IAmaei 7t4^ n. Liquorice root, i.q. kanz^» 

Amaku 7 -r ^ -S* a-dv. Sweet ; see anvai : — 
Muru, to K wee ten ; — nai, it is not sweet ; 
kane amakute kirenai the metal is so soft it 
will not cut ; ko wo — nodateru, to humor a 
child. 

Amakudari,-bu 7 t ^ y *• ^ K i.v. To de- 
scend from heaven. 

Ama -MA 7 vr f^M (^''^^ ^^ aida) n. Inter- 
vals between showers of rain. 

fAMAMATU 7 -^ V 3. u. The i)am<« of a kind of 
wagon used in ancient times. 

Amamizu 7 t % ^ ^7}L n. Bain-water. 

Amamobi ^7^ '; fij^^ n. A leaking of rain 
through the roof. 

Amamotoi 7'r«3b fRfftn. A gathering of 
the clouds for rain : — f/a turn, it is prepar- 
ing for rain / 

Amanai,-au 7'r-^y -tf- t.v. To taste with 
pleasure, relish ; to do cheerfully, willingly ; 
to make peace ; to pacify : gJioku wo amana- 
wax If, not to relish food. 

Amanxkx,-ku-8hi r -r qp ^ 3^^ adj. Every- 
where ; nniversal ; all ; whole : hi wa — Mekai 
wo ter€uUf the sun shines over the whole earth; 
michi wa amanekarann tokoro nathi^ the laws 
-it nature pervade all things. 
Syn. mambbn-ni, tioko ni mo. 

Amanji,-2Ubd 7^v^^ -^ i.v. To reliah, 
delight in ; to do cheerfully, willingly : thoku 
too — , to reliffh food. 

Amanogawa 7 t >; ^.»n ^ gf n. The milky way. 
Syn. GiNOA. 

tAMAHOHAHAYA 7 A ^ i\ % y^ n. The arrows 
from heaven used by the gods. 

Amanohaba 7^j^\^ ^^^ n. The hearenly 
plain ; the sky ; the original abode of the kamu 



AMA 



18 



AMB 



AxAivo-xwAKUBA T -^ } ^ ^^ 9 ^ n. The (rocky) 

immovable throne of the kamu 
Amajjojako T ^ ? sJ-Y 3 (coll.) A devil, 
t AifANOKo T -r >/ 3 n. A harlot. 

Syn. A80BIME. 

■^Amano-masuhito 7'^>'"^5^bb n. Thb ra 

of man (so called from its gradually mnlti 

plying). 
Amako-muu y-'tJX'yt^ n. The dwelling of a 

god, or of the Ten*hi. 
Amanori Tt ? ^ fj^i§ n. Purple laver. The 

porphyra Tulgaris. 

Syn. MUBASAKI-NOBI. 

fAjfiAlio-iiOBiooTO Tt ^ ^ 9 ^h n. The harp 
played by one who desired to receive a com- 
munication from the kami. 

t Amakosakatb 7 -r y ■9' * T n. Striking the 
hands together beliind the back, as in cursing 
another. 

fAlCAKO-SATOHASHX f ^ ? ^ n J\ ^ XL, The 

bridge across the milky way by which Kenffiju 
and Tokujo go to meet each other. 

t AiEANO-uxiHABHi T'^-' 15r%-'^5^ n. The float- 
ing bridge by which Izanagi and Ixanami de- 
scended from heaven to earth. 

fAMAKOZAKo 7 -r ^ -^3 n. A demon; a devil. 

Ama>ochi T'^:^f' u. A small court-yard in 
the centre of a house ; the gutter or place 
where the rain-drops fall from the eaves of a 
house. 

AiiA6i r-^i^ihbiRSn. A covering or 
screen to keep off the rain. 

AuABS.-BU T -r vA^ i.v. Left over; to be over 
and above. 

Al[ABi,-Bu T "^ ^ & i*^* ^o exceed ; to be 
more or greater than ; to be beyond or above ; 
to remain over ; to be left over ; too much for : 
t09hi tea rokujii ni amarut he was more than 
sixty years old ; kore dake amatta^ there is so 
moch over ; omoi ni — , beyond one's ability 
to make out ; te ni amani, too strong for, too 
much for one's strength ; nu ni — , cannot 
bear to look at, cannot see patiently ; ureshisa 
ga mi ni — , his happiness was excessive (lit. 
too much for his body). 
Syn. NOKOBU, sugibu. 

AxABi T -"T 9 n. That which is left over ; the 
remainder ; excess ; surplus ; overplus : dan- 
na no — wa watakushi ga itadakiuia»Uf I re- 
ceive what my master leaves. 

AxABi 7-^9^ adv. Very ; exceedingly ; more 
than ; too ; above : — samui, too cold ; — 
tantOf too much; hattuka — , more than 
twenty days ; — oki^ too large ; — omoshiroku 
mo nai, not very agreeable. 

Syn. HAKAHADA. 

AacABi NA or Amari so 7 t 9 ■^ ® adj. Ex- 
cessive ; more than is common or reasonable ; 
immoderate ; inordinate ; extraordinary : — 
kurushisa id koe wo hcusuru^ cried out through 
excessive pain ; — koto wo iu^ to say that 
which is improper or absurd ; — yatm, an 
egregious rascnl. 

An ASA Tt-V^ -^ n. The state or degree of 
Aweetuens ; see amat. 



IAmasakabu 7 'T ip * ^u adj. Remote from 

heaven, or from the capital. 
Amasbi y-rl^ "S" »di. Sweet ; see amai. 
Amashi,-8d 7 t X j^ t.v. To let remain ; leave 

over: teki wo amtuu fta,' don't let any of the 

enemy remain ; amasazu, without leaving any. 
Syn. NOKOsu, morasu. 
-i-AiiA8HiBABE,-Bu 7 "T >^ 9 u ** i.v. To die, i.e. 

to go under the douiiniou of the kami. 
Amabhitabi 7 -"T S^ ^ 9 n. Kain-drops froiL 

the eaves. 
Amashoji 7 Tl^-yf; s^ pf^lS^ »• An outside 

or rain door, made of sash pasted with oiled 

paper. 
fAMASooi 7 -r y dj? adj. High, reaching to* 

heaven ; the shaven head of a nun. 
AmasonA 7 ^ -y ^-^ -tf-^rt adj. Having the- 

appearance of being sweet, cr pleasant to the- 

taste. 
AacASSAB 7 -^ y "^ ^ f^ adv. Moreover ^ 

besides ; still more ; in addition. 
Syn. SOMOUE ni. 
Amata 7 -r Jr fji:^ adj. Many ; much : — tabi, 

many times ; — 'itt hito, a great many persons;. 

— no kunif many countries. 

Syn. OKU, OBITADASim, TANTO. 

+Amatari,-bu 7 -^ St A' I.v. To be full ; com» 

plete : spoken only of the Tenthi, 
t Amatbbashi,-bu 7 V T 9 ^ JS *■▼• Ta 

shine from the sky. 
Amatsu 7^ y (comp. of ama, heaven and. 

obs. gen. suffix, t«i(, of) — kami, gods of 

heaven ; — hi, the sun ; — otome, female 

angels ; — kaze, the wind ; — mt'ru, rain ; — 

Koi'a, the sky. 
IAhatsuhire 7 ir ^f b V n, A cloud. 

Syn. KUMo. 
fAMATsuHrrsuoi 7"^ y My ^ u- The Imperial 

succession. 
Amatsukitsune 7 t y 4* 5' ^ n The name of 

a star, also an elf. 
Syn. TENGU. 
-iAMATSUMiKO 7'^y\:3 n. The son of heaven, 

Tenthi. 
+AMAT8U-TSUMI ^ ^ y '^ \ n. A sin committed 

in heaven, or by a god. 
Amatsuteda 7-^ y Ajt n. A scion of the Im- 
perial family. 
AuAURi 7 -ttf 9 n. Musk- melon. 

Syn. icAKUWAURi. 
Amayadori 7 -r "Y h* 9 p|9'H^*n- Temporary 

shelter from the rain. 
Amatajlashi,-su 7 -r -y ^ 3^ t.v. To humor, 

pet, indulge, as a child ; to dandle or amuse 

a child : kodomo wo — . 
Amato 7 -^ 3 ffi ^3! n. A rainy night. 
Amayoke 7'r3^p^Kf;n. A rain screen. 
Amazake 7^-^^ SS u. Sweet iake, a kind of 

drink made of fermented rice. 
Amazabashi 7 t -9^ ? s^ n. Exposed to the rain. 
Amazawabi 7 -r iK-' * 9 n. Hindered by the rain. 
Amazutsumi 7 "^ 'tf y \ n. Wrapped up so as* 

to be protected from rain. 
Ahbai 7 5^/^>f H^ °- ^0 seasoning or 

taste of food; the state, condition, way, 



AMB 



14 



AN 



mode, xnauner : — wo mirUf to taste or ez- 
amiue into the condition of anything ; wata- 
hushi wa ambai ya waruit I do not feel well ; 
kyo wa o — wa ikaga de goxariviasu, how do 
you feel to-day ? kono shitaji no — wa yoi, this 
soup in nicely seasoned; kono fude wa ii — 
ni kaket-u, this pen writes well ; hyonin no — 
wo tazuneru. to inqaire how a sick person is. 

Syn. EAOEN. GWAI, YODAI. 

AuBu f V 7^ igi ^ (nade-ijasumu) — sjini. to 
quiet, trauquilize, pacify; to make contented 
and happy : tami hyakusho wo — sum. 

Ame 7 jf ^ n. A kind of jelly made of wheat 
flour : — wo kawaseru^ (prov.) to feed one with 
honey, to cajole or flatter. 

Ame 7 > ^ n. The sky, heavens : ame tsuchi, 
heaven and earth ; — ga shitat under the 
heavens, the world. 

Amk y jm ?^ n* Bain : — ga fnru^ it rains ; 
— ga haretaj the rain has cleared off ; — ga 
yanda, the rain has stopped ; — ga kakaruy 
to get wet with rain ; — gafuriso da, it looks 
like rain ; — futteji katamai-u (prov.). 

Ame t >> i.q- «t» trout : — no uwo, id. 

AME,-Rn T jit fl" i.v. To he hald : atama ga — . 

Amefuri T > 7 9 ^1^ (u-ten.) ii. Bainy 
weather. 

Ame-iro T -^ 'f n &• A hright chestnut color. 

Amemibia T >t % -r n. The grandson of the 
sun-goddess. 

Amen f :ft i^ (Heb.) Explained by shikari; 
inakoto nari: truly; sincerely. 

Amendo T ;* i^ i* ^ ^ M. t^^ ^' A kind of peach. 

Ameno-arhi T :^ } T l" n. i.q. ameno ito. 

Ameno-ito T -" / ^ h n. Rain, seen as threads. 

iAMENO-osHiTE T >^ J J V'T ^' The Imperial 
seal. 

f Ambru y >t A' cont. of arinneru. 

Ame-ushi 7 -?« ^ i^ ^ ^ n. A chetsnut colored 

OX. 

Ami 7 5 *P^ n. A net ; net -work of any kind ; 
a seine ; — no m«, the meshes of a net ; — wo 
stihu to make a net ; — wt utsu U cast a 
net ; — wo hikii, to draw a net ; — too hnru 
to spread a net ; — ni kakaru to be taken in 
a net ; ten no — wa nogare-gatashi (prov.). 

Ami,-mu 7 a ^ t V. To net or make net- 
work ; to weave or bind together with strings ; 
to compose : sudari wo — , to make a bamboo 
shade ; shomotm wo — , to compose a book. 

Ami 7 5 n. a small kind of shrimp. 

Amiba 7 ^ ^^ fW^ "• '^ P^^ce for drying nets. 

Amida r I ^ P^J 9i 1% n. The name of 
Buddha ; a Sanscrit word explained by the 
phrase : jumyo ni kagiri nashi, eternal in 
life. Amida But$u, Eternal Buddha. 

Amida6hi,-8U r I ^i^ t.v. To invent. 

Amido 7 I b* m ^ °' A door made of open 
net-work. 

Amiqasa 7 ^ *•1^ #Wffi n. A hat made of 
braid- work. 

Amihiki 7^b^4n9l^* -^ fisherman, draw- 
ing a net or seine. 

Ami-ishi 7 I >f i^ n. The stones used to sink 
a seine or net. 



Amuiban 7 ^ s?/^> ^fSt^^- A shirt made of 
net-work, worn in hot weather to protect the 
garments from sweat. 

Ami-o 7 5 ^ n. Braided cord. 

Amiso 7 5 y f^?¥^ D. The cord of which nets 
are made. 

Ami-uchi 7 5 ^f- n. A fisherman. 

Amma 7 s^ -r ^ ^ n. Shampooing ; a sham- 
pooer : — too torn, to shampoo ; — wo momu, 
id. — ni momaserut to be rubbed by a sham- 
pooer. 

Ammai 7 2/ ^ >f l}f q^ n. Idiotic ; stupid ; im- 
becile. 
Syn. ANJAKU. 

Ammari 7 W 9 (coll.) Same as amari. 

Amma-tori 7 i^ t b 9 H'ff-'^i ^ A sham- 
pooer. 
Syn. DoiN. 

Ammin 7 V 5 V ^ Ijjf {yasukn nemurn) Quiet 
sleep : — wo samatageru^ to disturb one's 
sleep. 

Ammochi 7v*f- fifIS ^' A kind of cake 
stuffed with beans and sugar. 

Ammon 7v*5^^^n. A copy, draft, com- 
position. 

Syn. SHITAOAKI. SOKO. 

IAmo 7 -Ts = My dear ; used in familiar address 
to a woman. 

|Amorima8ht,-bu 7 ^ y ^ 3^ i.v. To descend 
from heaven. 

IAmoto 7 ^ h cont. of aihimoto^ at the feet. 

Ampai 7 v^M ^^H — »ttnt, to manage. 

Ampera 7i'-<9 u. a kind of Chinese mat- 
ting. 

Ampi 7 5^b' ^^ (yasukn inaya) u. Whether 
well or not ; welfare ; health : — wo to, to 
inquire after the health ; — wo shirateru, to 
inform as to one's health. 

Ampuku 7 V y ^ KcHI {hara wo momu) 
Shampooing or rubbing the abdomen : — suru. 

■'Amu 7 a it n. i.q. abu. 

+AMUSE.-RD 7 A -te '^ i.q ahiseru. 

An r V }^ n. A small house inhabited by a 
retired Budd. priest. 

An 7 i^ f£ n- A mixture of beans and sugar 
used for naking in cakes 

An 7 2^ 5^ n Opinion ; thought ; expecta- 
tion ; also the table, bar or bench before a 
judge ; a case or action in law : kd an Buko- 
buru oshi, the law cases are very many ; ketsu 
an ni oyobu, to decide a case ; — no gotoku^ 
just as was thought or expected ; — ni taga* 
wazUf not different from what was suppoeed ; 
— no hoka contrary to one's expectation ; — 
ni soi sni-Uf to be different from what was 
supposed. 

Syn. OMOI, kamoab. 

An 7 y ^ (yasui) Freedom from troable, 
sickness or calamity : ease, happiness, tran- 
quility. 

Syn. ODAYAKA, OCHITSUKU. 

An 7v ])f iyami, kurathi) Dark; incapable; 

not intelligent. 
An T V ^ — «uru, to examine (as a jadge); to 

take hold of (as a sword); to halt (as troops iD 



ANA 



16 



ANG 



marching); to press on anything : rittu wo 
aruhite Uiimi wo sadamerut to judge according 
to law. 

Aka T -^ F^ P Exclam. of joy, sorrow, sur- 
prise, disgust ; how I oh I — tireshi ya^ how 
delightful ! — osorothi ya, how fearful ! — ya 
to bakari sakebu, could only exclaim, oh I 

Ana Ti- ^n, A hole, cave, pit, mine: — 
wo horu^ to dig a hole ; — wo akeru, to make 
a hole ; fushi-anaj a kuot-hole. 

^Anjubiba T ■^ b* 9 n. The instep of the foot ; 
i.q. ashi no ko. 

Anadobi 7 -h 1* 9 f$ n. Contempt ; disdain ; 
scorn. 

Syn. KEIBETSU. 

AsADOBi,-BU 7 -h "^ f^ ii^ t.v. To despise, 
contemn, scorn, look down upon, disdain : 
»ht> teki wo anadorn koto nakare, don't despise 
a weak enemy; hito wo anadoru mono wa hito 
ni anadorarevu, he that despises others shall 
be despised. 

Syn. KABONZURU, MISAOEBU, ITASHIMERU. 

Akaoachi-ni y -^if^^ gU adv. By compul- 
sion ; right or wrong ; unreasonably ; neces- 
sarily; recklessly: — tatakaiwo konomazUy not 
fond of war merely for the sake of fighting ; 
— hito no kokoro wo utagawazu^ must not be 
unreasonably suspicious of others. 

Syn. SHIITE. MDRI NI. 

-f-ANAGAMAYA f -^ ^ ^ "^ cxcl. in rebukiug any- 
thing annoyiiiR. 

Anago 7 -^ 3* v§^ 11. A species of eel. 

AsAGUBA 7 ■^ ^* 9 ^ "• ^ cellar or store- 
house undergrouna. 

tANAGuni,-Ru 7 -^ / ^^ ^ iv. To inquire, 
search, seek, ask about. 

Syn. SEKSAKU, TANSAKU, MOTOSfERU. 

•^Akahatobi 7 ■^ -»> b 9 i.q. ayaJiadori, 

Anahobi 7■^^h 9 n. One who digs holes or 
pits in the ground ; a grave-digger. 

■j-AjJAi 7 ■^ ^ ^ ^ n. i.q. nntiai. 

AxAiCHi 7 -^ y( f- n. The game of pitch- 
penny. 

Anaika 7-^>f -h (cont. of anoyona) i.q. anna, 
like that ; that kind. 

AsAJi 7 •^ s? ijb ^ n. Fistula in ano. 

Anaji 7 ■^ s? n. North-west wind. 

-f Akakama 7 -h * -r (cont. ana, excl. and haji 
kamashii) how noisy ; = aa yakamashii. 

Akaxashixo 7 -^ :J!r j^ 3 ^55" Exclam. of fear, 
deep respect, or admiration; used mostly at 
the close of a letter or a Budd. sermon. 

Anakuma 7 -h ^ ir n. A cave bear ; a badger. 

Anams 7 ■^ ^ exclam. Hard to bear. 

fAxAKAi 7 -h > /f n. A scaffold, = ashijiro. 

Ananiku y -Y^ 9 adv. i.q. ayaniku, 

f Akaniyashi 7 -h ^ -y J^ exclam. O how lovely I 
bow beautiful I 

f Ananiyxa T -^ ^ -afi r a. Beautiful ; handsome. 

4Anaoto 7 "^ :!' > n. i.q. ashi no oto. 

AsABEBA 7 -^ v/"? ^cont. of ari and nareba) 
Since it was ; it being. 

Ahata 7 -^ ir 1$ ;^ (cont. of ano and kata) 
That side ; there ; yon (respectful) : hashi no 
— , other aide of the bridge ; kawa no — nt. 



on that or the other side of the river; — 
konata, here and there ; both sides , — doko 
ye, where are you going? 

Syn. ACHI, ACHIBA, OMAE, SONATA, SOCHI, 
EIMI. 

Anata-gata y ^ it a $t plural of anata. You, 
(respectful). 

Syn. OMAE-TACBI. 

Anau 7 -t* "Cr (cont. ana, excl. and uki sad) 
ah ; how sad ! 

+ANAUBA 7 -^ !> 9 n. Sole of tlie foot, i.q. ashi 
no \ira. 

Anazue 7 •^ y 'n n. The end of the foot or 
toes. 

Anazubu 7 •^ :/ /I' To despise, contemn ; i.q. 
anadoru. 

Anchi 7 j^^ ^ g — 8WU, to install or place 
an idol in a temple. 

AxcHOKU 7i^^3^ ^i£ii- Cheap. 
Syn. YASui. 

AnchO 7 3^f- t> J|g tj:' n. In the dark. 

t Anda 7 i^ ^' "^ ^ n. A basket sedan 
chair. 

Andara y z^ 9ty n. (coll.) Nonsense ; foolish- 
ness : nani wo — t&ukxnu zo' ye, what non- 
sense are you saying ? 

Ando 7 V I* ijf :ff IJ n. Anciently an attendant 
of a Buddhist pr.est ; (he wore two swords and 
did not shave liis liead). 

Ando y > ]* ^^ Ease; happiness; tran- 
quility ; freedom from care or trouble : chichi 
haha no kokoro wo — sasern wo dai icJii to su, 
it should be our principal care to make our 
parents happy. 
Syn. ocHiTKUKi. 

Andon 7 5^ i' J^ ^f © ^' -^ lamp. 

Ane y^ t# n- Oilier sister. 

Ane-bun y ^-~/t^ fticf "• One who acts the 
part of an older siater ; an adopted sister. 

Anego 7 ^'3* n. Elder sister; used in re- 
spectfully addressing a woman or girl. 

Ane-mcko 7 ^ a 3 icf *S n. Older sister's 
husband ; brother-in-law. 

Ane-musume 7^a^-3» -^^icn. The eldest 
daughter. 

Anga y-i^ij ^% n. The death of the Mi- 
kado. 

Syn. Ho-oTio. 

Ango 7 3/' =j' i> ^ ^ n. A signal ; a 3ign. 

Ango y i^ij y ^ i^ {shirazu ni an) — turn, 
unintentionally » or without the knowledge of 
each other to agree in doing or saying the 
same thing ; coincidence or accidental agree- 
ment. 

Angobi 7 i^ =f »; adv. (coll.) Having the mouth 
open ; in a gaping manner : kuchl — to shite 
iru, to be gaping, as in surprise, or idiocy. 

Angwai y i^ ^ V a ^ ^ (omoi no hoka) Con- 
trary to expectation ; unexpectedly : — Jiaya- 
kti dekita, done sooner than I expected. 
Syn. zoNGWAi, an-no-hoka. 

Anota' 7v:^'V^fft' To travel about from 
one place to another for religious purposes : 
— so, a palmer, pilgrim ; — sum, 
Syn. tiNSui. 



ANI 



16 



ANS 



Akz 7 ^ £ Exdam. always at the beginning 
of a sentence ending in the particle ya : ani 
hakaran ya, how unexpected ! to one's sor- 
prise ; unexpectedly : — oeorezaran ya^ how 
fearful I shall not one be afraid of. 

Syn. IKADEKA. 

Ani 7;:! ^ n. Elder brother. 

Syn. HABAKABA. 

Anibun 7 :=. 7^ 5^ S X» ^' ^^^ ^^^ ^^^B ^^^ 
part of an older brother ; a friend or sworn 
brother. 

Anideshi y =:.y^ i^ X»it^^ '^^ Older pupils. 

Amao 7 ^ =f u. Brother, used in familiar ad- 
dress to a man or boy. 

Aniki 7 ^ "^ ^ n. An older brother. 

Ani-oto 7 — i- h n. Brother. 

An-itbu T i^^ y ^ ^ (yatuthi) n. Living 
in ease ; without work ; living in idleness. 

AsiToinB 7 1^ 3 > ift °* Older brother's wife, 
or sister-in-law. 

Anja 7^'S^'Vff^n. A priest who manages 
the secular busincMS of a temple or monastery. 

Anjaku 7 V 3^ ir ^ ^90 (kurahu yowaahi) 
Imbecile* idiotic : — nite katoku ni tatazu^ 
being imbecile cannot inherit the estate. 
Syn. AHKAi. 

Anji.-jibu or zubd 7 >^^ $^ i.v. To think 
anxiously about ; to be anxious, concerned; to 
consider: anjiru yori umu ga yasuit (prov.) 
child-birth is less painful than was expected ; 
ova ga ko wo anjiru, parents are anxious 
about their children. 
Syn. kubS subd, shimpai subu. 

Anji 7 5^ 5? 31 ^' Anxiety ; care; concern^ 

Anji-dashi,-8u 7*^5?^^ ^5fe *'^* ^° ^^ 
to mind ; to suddenly recollect ; to plan, in- 
vent ; to contrive ; to excogitate. 
Syn. OMoi-DAsu, kakoaedasu. 

AnJI-KUEA8I,-8U 73^S?^95^ 5K^ ^'^' .^^ 

live in constant anxiety; to pass the time 
anxiously. 

AnJI-MEODBA8HI,-8U 73^5?->»J^95^ SS^^ *'^' 

To ponder anxiously about ; to think over care- 

fully. 
Anjitsu 7vs?5'^Sn. A small Budd. 

temple, or dwelling of a priest. 
Anji-wabi.-bu 7viJ!7tf>i' Stfe *-'^* ^^ ^® 

anxious and distressed about ; to be in anxious 

suspense. 
AnJi-WAzuRAi.-AU 7i'S?y75^97 UJ^ t.v. 

To be painfully anxious or concemea about : 

ikaga sen to avji-wazurau. 
An-jO T ^i^'f; ^ ti iyasuku snviau) Living in 

safety, ease, or free from trouble or calamity : 

— snru. 
Ank\ 7i^^ ^^ n. A small box in which 

coals are kept for warming the hands. 
Amkan y i^^ s^ ^113 ^^^® ^^<>°^ business ; 

without working ; idly : — to thite hi wo ku- 

rantty to live as a man of leisure. 

Syn. MODOKA NI. 

Ankan 7 V * 5^ # Pb! n. In the dark. 
Akkbi 7>^>f il It »• A secret plan; in- 
trigue. 
AnKEN 7 ^>' >3S.W^' ^ ^^^^ ^^^ > ^ law-suit. 



Am-ki 7^4" 'S-ifL (yoiuki myaukt) n. Safttj 
or danger ; existence or ruin ; welfare : kuni 
no — kono kito ikusa ni kakaru, the safety of 
the country depends on this battle ; kuni no 
— ni kakaru koto, a matter that concerns the 
welfare of the state. 

Anki 7 5^ 4» ^ % >^* Peace or tranquility 
of mind ; happiness ; comfort. 

Anki 7 v i^ flf $& — '^^'^t to memorize, repeat 
from memory. 

Anko 7 yif 'fy ^ jQ^ n. Free from trouble or 
calamity. 
Syn. buji. 

Ank6 7 V jjy ^ n. A fish of the Bay species. 

Ankoku 7 V 3 ^ # JR — naru, dark. 

Ankun 75/^>'i|f^n. An incapable or 
foolish prince. 

Ankwai 7s^^!7>f IftVtn- Dark. 

Ankto 7 s^ ^ ^ ^ ^ (yasuku oru) Living 
in ease and comfort ; free from trouble. 

AnkyO or AnoO 7 V+ i5r ffg n. The castle 
or place where the Temhi sojourns when away 
from the capital. 

Anna 7 ^^ -^ (contr. of ano and ydna) adj. That 
kind, manner or way ; such. 

Annai 7 V -h >r 3^ ^ n> Knocking at a door 
or calling out tanomo for admittance ; guiding 
or showing the way ; the ways, the roads or 
natural features of a country; knowledge, 
acquaintance : — wo t'ti, or, — wo kd, to call 
out for admittance ; — ga aru, there is some 
one at the door ; — wo $hiru, to know the road 
or way ; — wo turu, to guide or show the way; 
kuni no — , the roads and natural formation 
of a country ; $ono koto wa go — de gozari- 
nuuhO, it is a matter which I think you are 
acquainted with; go — itcuhimashd, 1 will 
show you the way. 

Annai-ja 7 v-h >f s?-r 5R ft 5if n. A guide; 
one acquainted with the roads or natural 
features of a country or place. 

Annawo 7^'■^>f 5^-V^ 3^ft*^ n. A letter 
of invitation. 

Annei 7 V ^ >f !^'Sf. iyaniku yasushi) n. 
Tranquility; ea^e; freedom from sickness^ 
trouble or calamity. 

Ano 7 ^ il^ That : — hito, that man, he ; — f on» 
that way. 
Syn. KANO. 

Anon or Annon 7*^9 v ^|g (yanuku oda- 
yaka) Peace ; ease ; comfort ; freedom from 
want, danger or disturbance ; safety. 
Syn. buji, an-nei. 

Ano-nei 7 j Jf.^ Exclam. used in vulg. colL 
in addressing any one, or to call attention. 

Anraka 7 3^7^ n. A species of apple. 

Anbaku 7 > 7 ^ i^ 121 n. Happiness ; ease. 

Ansan 7 i^'f > Jffr 3t "• Mental arithmetic. 

Ansatsu 7 > -^ y It <flt {hisokani korosu) 
Secret murder or assasination ; killing by 
surprise or at night. 
Syn. yami-uchi. 

Ansatsu 7 i^-^ y |fJK (fhiraberu) — sttni» 
to judge, examine, or try a criminal. 
Syn. GiMicx. 



Am 



17 



AOS 



IAH8ATBU8HI f i^-f y ^ |$Kfi ". A 061180]% 

or one whose office it was to watoh and report 

on the conduct of the people. 
Akbxz 7 a^-tf >f $1 ^ n. Best ; withont motion. 
AxBHin Ts^^^^ ^*^ {vatuki'kohoTo) n. A 

mind free from care, anxiety or tronble ; peace 

of mind: composure; ease; tranquility. 
Syn. ANDO. 
Ansh5 7 V s^ 9 1^ Iff ii Beoiting from 

memory ; to learn by heart. 
Syn. BOBixzTjBU, chO db yomtt. 
AmshG 7vs^ir'^l|9)|9n* A stupid or incap- 
able general. 
AxaoKu 7 5^ y ^ 4F «€> °- "SLemi ; ceasing from 

labor : — shtu, to rest ; — niehi, a day of rest ; 

8abbath-day. 

Syn. XTt}-80KU, tasumi, xk5. 
Amtai 7 vir 'Jf ^$^n. Same as an-kd, 
Abta 7 > -V M ft (yamt no yo) n. A dark night. 
Ahzai-bho 7v-9^>fi^g ^f^l^/f'^* The place 

where the TctmM lodges or stops to rest while 

on a journey. 
AwzAH 7 3^'9^s/ 4t£ (yomfttt umu) n. An 

ea«y or notural labor : — mm. 
Ahzen 7 5^-tf^ 4r^ (yosuftu matta«Ai) Com- 
pletely safe ; free from all evil or harm ; perfect 

peace and tmnqaility. 
Ajczu T^-^ ^^ n- Apricot. 
Ao 7 7 ff adj. Green, or sky blue ; used 

mostly iu compounds. 
-f Ao or AoBHi 7 7 ^ n. An outside garment 

or rain -coat. 
Ao-ba 7 7 rf If JjE n. Green leaves. 
Ao-BAi 7 7 '^ >f # 9| n- The blue-bottle fly. 
tAoBAMOKO 7 7 '<■=& >^ n. A common soldier. 
AoBAHA 77/^-^ ff^n. The green mucus 

ninning from the nose : — wo tareru. 
fAoBiE f y \£ X, Yf 77 n, A short bamboo 

Bwurd. 
AoBtJxuBB 7 7 y 9^ w n. Pale and swollen, 

as a person with dropsy. 
AooHA 77f"Yff^n. A yellowish-green 

color; tea-green. 
AoDA 7 7 y n. A basket for carrying earth. 
AoDOBi 7 7 h* 9 n. The albatross. 
f AoTfJSHiOAKi 777a^jr^n. A hedge made 

of green boughs. 
AooABBU 7 7 tr*^ A' n. A green frog. 
AoGAX 7 7 ^ >r dff M °* Mother-of-pearl 

laoquer-work : — zaikuthi, a maker of — . 
AoGi,-ou 7 7 5^ B t.T. To fan ; to winnow : 

offi de aogUj to fan with a fan ; mugi wo — , 

to clean wheat with a fan. 
AoGi,-ou 7 7 5^ ffp t.v. To look upwards ; to 

tarn the face upwards ; to assume the attitude 

of Teneration and supplication : ten wo — , to 

look upwards at the sky ; aogi-fiuu — , to lie 

with the face turned upward ; aogi-negaUf to 

supplicate with deep veneration; aogi-miru, 

to look up at. ' 

AOGI-BBOAWAKUBA 77^■?'^-»^^-'^ W SI *^^» 

Moat humbly or rrspectfullv pray that. 
AooiTATB,-BU T y ^fiT^ SitL *•▼• To fan, 
stir up, excite : hi wo — , tu kindle a fire by 



AoouMo 7 9/'S ffS n* The blue olood, 

vU, the sky. 
AoHixi 7 ,7 b ^ # Xf n. A small green frog, 
AoBrroousA 7 9 b )• fit If /^i^ n. Man- 
kind, so called from their great number, as 

thick as grass. 
Aoi 7 7b H n. The holly-hock. 
Aoi,-xi 7 5^'^ # n. Light green or blue; 

pale green; unripe; immature ; inexperienced'; 

aoi baddf green grapes ; — koto wo iu^ to say 

something silly. 
Aoji 7 9 f-* j^ %^ n. A kind of small bird. 
-t-AoKi-mTA 7 7 ^ t -V n. The heir-apparent. 

Syn. t6gd. 
AoEU 7 7 ^ # adv. Ghreen ; see aoi : — narUf 

to become green ; — turu, to make green ; — 

mieru, to look green. 
-fAoMA 7 7 -r i£^ .K n. A white or pale horse* 
AoMi 7 7 ^ # n. A tinge or shade of green, 

the green part of anything. 
Aom.-Mu 7 9 A ^ i.v. To become green ; to 

turn pale. 
AoiaDAGBz,-T0u 7 9 5^7 If ^L »•▼• To ap- 

pear, or turn green ; to turn pale. 
AoHuxi,-xu 7 7 A ^ V9ih i*^* To turn the 

face upwards : aomuite hoshi wo mtni, to look 

up at the stars ; aomuite neru^ to lie on the 

baek. 
AoMUBHi 77A$^]IKi^n. A caterpillar. 
AoNA TJ i' g n. Greens. 
AoMx 7 7 ^ If -ft n. A bright yellow oolort 

also variegatod. 
AoNiBi 7 7 f^ tf n. A light Rieen color. 
IA0N101TB 77^^T#fi?flFn. An offering 

made of hemp or green branches in ancient 

times placed on the altar of a miya, same as 

heisoku, 
tAoNirosHX 77 — 3 5^#fl"^ >*• Makura hh 

toba, applied to the city of Nara. 
AoNOKi,-Ku yj )9 i.v. The same as a omuAu: 

axmoki m kokerUy to fall on the back. 
AoNOBi 7 7 -^ 9 n. A species of sea- weed. 
fAo-OMNA 77v3^-^^.^n. A female ser- 
vant of the Teiuhi^ au called from wearing 

green garments. 
AoBi 7 i- 9 n. The gunwale of a boat. 
AoBi 7 7 9 R % Q* The flaps of a saddle ; 

the fan useofor winnowing grain. 
AoRi 7 7 9 n. The blast of wind made by 

the flapping or slamming of anything: — 

wo kUj to be struck by a sudden blast, as of a 

falling houRe. 
AoBi,-Bn 7 7'*' i.v. To flap, as anything 

broad or loose, in the wind ; to slam ; to swing 

in the wind, as a door or shutter, (t.v.) To 

flap, or beat with a flap ; to fan ; to stir up : to 

ga aoTHf the door slaims ; uma wo — , to beat 
' a horse by striking the stirrups against the 

saddle flaps; Jnni aorarete yane kara ochirti, 

struck by the flame he fell from the roof. 
AoBmo 7 7 9 h* n. A trap-door. 
AosA 7 9-^ S n- The state or degree of 

greenneHM. 
A08A 7 7 1^ p/t;jK n- ^ species of sea wood 

used for maiime. 



AOS 18 

AoskQi f J ^ ^ n. The common heron 

(Ardea cinerea). 
AoBHi 7 7 S^ # adj. Green ; see aoL 

A08HIR0I,-KI-KU-8HI 7 5^ i^ « 5^ # 6 adj. 

Pale; sickly; wan; livid. 
AoBORA 7 9 y 9 ft S »• The bine sky. 
AoBUJi 7 9 ^ f' w i$ °- ^^^^ veins, especially 

of the temples. 
AoTA 7 7 jr ft ^ n. Green paddy-fields ; a 

dead-head; one who enters theatres and 

shows without paying. 
Syn. DEMB5. 
AoTADE 7 9 ir 5r n. Polygonum persicaria. 
fAoTo 7 i* h (cont. of athi and oto) n. The 

sound of the feet in walking. 
AoTo 7 ? b ft {^ n. A kind of green stone, 

used for whetstones. 
AouMA 7 9 Tjr ▼ ft ,|| n. A blaok horse. 
AotJNABARA 7 9 ^ ■^ ^-f 9 ii& -^ n. The deep 

blue sea. 
AoTAoi 7 9 -Y 4^ ft ffii n. The green willow. 

Syn. YAMAoi. 
AoYAKA 7 9 "Y » — na^ adj. Blue or green. 
AoTAMA yy-y^ fttl* ^' Green mountains. 
AozAME,-iiu 7 9 -9* -?» -'^ ft S i«v* To become 

livid or palid : iro aozamete mierUy he became 

of a livid color. 
AozAMURAi 7^-9-*A9bftf^n. A green or 

inexperienced soldier ; also formerly a servant 

of the Tenshi, of low rank. 
AozABHi y^^^ n. A kind of cake made of 

wheat flour; the string on which cash are 

strung ; also the cash. 
AozB 7 i* H/ n. North-west wind. 
Ao-zuKE 7 9 t^ ^ ftjfi" n- Green plums 

pickled in salt. 
+A0ZURI 7 9 :jC 9 n. I>yed green 
Appabb 7 y ^\\^ ^ 8S (coll. for aware) exclam. 

of surprise and admiration : — taetaru ote no 
■ uchi, what a splendid blow 1 
Aba 7 9 »^ n. The guts of fish or fowl : — 

wo inu ni yare, give the guts to the dog. 
Aba 7 9^ (thin) New : — ha furu ka, is it 

new or old ? — wa iakai, the new is dear. 
Aba y y ^^^ Exclam. of joy, fear, sur- 
prise, same as ana : otoroshii ya^ how dread- 
ful ! — atsu ya, how hot I — samu ya, how 

cold I — toto ya^ how noble. 
Aba 7 9 fe adj. Coarse ; rough ; crude ; un- 

wrought ; unpolished ; new ; unused : hito no 

ara wo iu, to speak of one's faults. 
Aba-aba 7 9 7 9 fe *a adv. Coarsely ; 

roughly; briefly; summarily; not minutely, 

particularly or neatly ; not with care or atten- 
tion. 

Syn. ZATTO, B0MAT8U-NI. 
ABA.ABASHIKr,-KU 7979i^-f Si ot ^ adj. 
Coarse ; rough ; rude ; harsh ; violent ; boi- 
sterous ; fierce ; vehement ; ferocious ; tem- 
pestuous. 

Syn. TAEBSHH, HAOEBHIT, rUTOSHI. 

Ababa 7 9/^ sub. mood of ari. If I have; if 

there is. 
.Ababi,-bu 7 9:^ i.v. To be rough, coarse, 

violent. 



ARA 



Abadachi,-tsi7 7 9 ^y JiE& i.T. To beoome 
enraged, exasperated, irritated ; to be stormy, 
boisterous, rough: jin-ki ga — , the peopli 
are exasperated. 

Syn. IKABU, haba oa tatsu, ibadatsu. 

Abadatb,-bu 7 9^9"^ fittL *•▼• To irritate; 
to exasperate, excite to anger. 

Syn. IKABASEBU, HABA WO TATA8XBU, ZBADA- 
TASEBU. 

Abade 7 9 7 (the neg. part, of art) By the 
not having ; if there is not : — wa kanawanut 
cannot do without ; anata ni — hoka ni suru 
hito wa naif besides you there is no one to do 
it. 

Araoai,-au 7 y.if y t.v. To contend with, 
oppose; to irritate; to provoke; to tease: 
kodomo ni — , to tease a child. 

Syn. lEABASERU, ABASOU. 

t^^] T -> *•* i» »• Crnde metal; ore. 

Abaoawa 7 9*'^\ iR. n. A rawhide; un- 
dressed skin. 

Abagomb y y zf jh f^^^ ^- Uncleaned ricc. 

Abagyo 7 9¥-V^ jfe^f n. Religious auster- 
ities. 

•f Abahai,-au y y f\y t.v. To wash, i.q. arau. 

lABAHirooAMi 79bb^/5 n. A god in human 
form manifest to the eye ; also Teiishi. 

Abai 7 9. >f coll. cont. for araki. 

Abai 7 9 b n. A kind of food made by wash- 
ing the flesh out from a live fish in oold 
water. 

Abai 7 9b Jt n. The washing ; bathing : 
kono kimono tio — ga warui^ these clothes are 
badly washed. 

Abai,-au 7 9 7 it *•▼• To wash ; to cleanse : 
te wo — , to wash the hands ; chawan tco arae, 
wash the cups ; kokoro wo ^, to cleanse the 
heart ; kimono wo — , to wash clothes . 
Syn. Busnon, sentaku subu, eiyomsbu. 

Hraigawa 7 9 \iif^\ n. Leather. 

Arai-gububi 7 9 b /3^ >; Jjfc SS n. A medical 
wash, or for external use. 

Abaiko 7 9 b 3 J^ I^ n. A washing powder 
made of beans, used as soap. 

Arai-oto3hi,-8u 79b9hx^?f t.v. To 
wash out : shimi wo — , to wash out a stain. 

Aba-ISO 7 9 >f y n. The open seacoast. 

Abaitade.-ru 7 9birx>u t.v. To cleanse 
the bottom of a ship by burning and washing. 

Abaitone 7 9 b 3 ^ '^^ {temmai) n. Washed 
rice offered to idols. 

Araji 7 9 s? neg. of aru, will not be ; I think 
it is not ; i.q. coll. arumaij or nakaro. 

+ARAKA 7 9 :^ n. A palace, or mansion. 

Abakajime 7 9 * 5? ->« 5fe adv. Beforehand ; 
summarily ; in a general way : — ydi wo $hiu 

oku, to make preparation beforehand ; mi- 

tsumoruy to make a rough estimate. 
Sjn. maemottb, kanetb, kanb-oane. 

Abakaseqi 7 9 *i»^ n. Bough or coarse work. 

Arakata y^ijS -^-^ adv. For the most 

part ; in the main ; mostly ; generally : 

dekita, mostly finished. 
Syn. taigai, tai-byailu, tai-tki. 



ARA 



19 



ARA 



B,-BU T 9 ^ ^ i-v. To become boisteions, 
tempestuous ; to be dispersed ; to be scattered ; 
to be wide apart ; (t.v.) to clear awaj, as 
obstructions ; to remove out of the wav. 

Abakbnaki,-ku-8hi 7 9 >• ■^ >f ?£ ^ ftdj. 
Bough in temper ; savage ; cruel ; churlish : 
— hito. Syn. takbki, HAOBSHn. 

IAbaki t 9 4» n. Alcohol (derived from 
Arrack). 

f Abaxi t 7 ^ n- Burial of a dead body. 

Abaki t ^ ^ n. Wood in its native or un- 
dressed state. 

Abaki,-ku-8hi T 9 4^ ^ adj. Coarse in texture, 
size or quality; rough, not smooth; harsh; 
rude ; wild ; savage ; boisterous ; tempestn- 
dos ; violent : ji no arai kinu^ silk of coarse 
texture; hi no arai hito, a man of violent 
temper ; nnmi ga — , the sea is rough ; haze 
ga — , the wind is strong ; tsxihu ga — , the 
grains are coarse ; }iada ga — , the skin or 
surface of anything is rough ; mitu ga araknte 
te ga areru, the water is hard and makes the 
hands rough ; araku suru, araku nam. 
Syn. FUTOi, takbki, hageshii. 

Abaktbabi 7 y ^'f^V £ n. Breaking up new 
soil and preparing for cultivation : arechi wo 
okoshiU — 8uru, 

Abasida 7 ? ^ ^ n* A kind of clay used for 
plastering. 

Abako 7 9 3 n. A wicker basket with coarse 
meshes. 

ABAKUMA8rai,-Ki-Kn 7 9 ^ "* 8^-f adj. Coarse; 
rough ; violent. 

Abaeube.-bu 7 9 ^ !• ji^ f^ i.v. To be rough, 
coarse and strong ; brawny ; burly : arakure 
otokoy a coarse, strong fellow. 

Abajeubo8hiki,-kc-bhi 7 9 ^ n >^^ adj. Black 
and coarse, brawny and burly ; spoken of the 
body. 

tABAi[AHOSHn,-Ei-KU 7 7 "^ tH 5^ -f adj. That 
which one desires might be ; desirable ; I 
would it might be so. 

-fABAMAKi T'^'T^ n. Straw matting in which 
fish or fowls were wrapped. 

Abamaki 7 7 -r 4^ n. A ooai-se wrapper as of 
straw ; a present 

Abamashi 7 ^ -^ »/ adv. For the most part ; in 
the main ; mostly ; generally ; probable : 
fuMhin ga — dekita, the building is mainly 
finished. Syn. tai-tei, aba-kata. 

tA&AacASHi t^ ^ i^ (cont. of aramahoshi) To 
be desiring, or longing for. 

Abamashi,-8U 7 9 'T y^ t.v. To anticipate or 
be in expectation of. 

t Abaxb 7 9 >( (haragawari) Bom of a different 
mother : — irons, elder half-brother ; — tmo, 
half-sister. 

•^^^3" 7 9 > ^ # n> A kind of edible sea- 
weed, Capea elongata. 

fABAXB 7 9 >> i*q* aran, or aru de aro, will 
be ; think it is ; I think there are. 

Abami T 9 I ^ 77 n. An unfinished sword- 
bUde. 

iARAMioAxi 7 9 i i/ I n. The visible god, 
i.0. the Mikado. 



t Abamikake 7 9 5 * ^ ) n. The god who shnnf 
fABAMisAKi 7 9 ^ l^ 4* J human society, i.e. 

the fox. 
Abahitama 79?if'r flti^ »• The nnap- 

peased spirit of a god. 
Aba-momi 7 9 % i ¥i ^- Bice in the rough 

state with the hulls on. 
Abamono 7 9 "=6 >^ fnl^ T^' Coarse- wares ; a 

general term for such things as wood, char- 
coal, brooms, clogs, etc.: aramonoya, a shop 

where the above articles are sold, 
f Aramoto 7 9 % f n« Coarsely ground or 

broken rice. 
Aban 7 9 V fut. of ari, i.q. aro of the coll. 

will or shall be, or would be : kaku aran to 

onwislU yue, because I thought it would be so ; 

inochi no aran kagiri tatakau, to fight as long 

as there is life. 
Aranami T 9 -f- ^ ffi,^ n. A rough sea; 

boisterous waves. 
Aranbba 7 ^ -^ /^ (comp. of aranu and toa) 

neg. subj. of art: if there be not ; as there is 

not : = nakereba. 
•f Araniqonogami 79^::f^*$n. A god 

propitiated. 
-j-Arano 7 9 v^ n. A wilderness, i.q. areno. 
Aeauu 7 9 5t ^ ^ neg. of ari. — koto wo tu, 

to say what is not so. 
Aranuri 7 9 3( 9 n. The first or rough coat 

of plaster or paint. 
Aranzuban 7 9 i^ 5C 9 V i.q. arazuya or arude 

aro, 
IArao 7 9 ^ n. A brave man. 
4Arara 7 9^ adj. Wide apart , not close to- 
gether. 
Arara 7 9 V (cont. of ara-ara) q.v. 
Arabage,-ru 7 9 ^ yj^ f^^ i-'^' Bough in 

voice, manner. 
Ababaqi 7 ^ V :\? n. The orchid. 
fARABAGi 7 7 ^ ^ n. A Budd. tower. 
Abaragi 7 9 V ^ n. The name of a tree, Taxus 

cuspidata. 
Araraka-ni 7 9 V :J5r k ^ adv. Boughly; 

rudely; harshly. 
Arare 7 9*^^ n. Snow falling in round 

pellets ; hail : — wa yuki no imada hana wo 

nasazaru nari ; — no tsubu, hail-stone. 
Arare,-bu 7 9 u /u i.v. To be coarse ; rough | 

separated or wide apart. 
-{■Abarebashiri 79v/<J^9n, A festival cele- 
brated at the Mikado's palace on the 16th day 

of the 1st month (o.c). 
Arabenu 7 9 V 3i< neg. pot. of ari. Cannot 

be : arare mo nai, id. 
Arasa 79-9* n. . The coarseness ; i roughness ; 

harshness ; violence. 
Ara8Are,-rd 7 9-9'v/i' pass, of ara«tt. To be 

laid waste ; destroyed ; desolated ; spoiled. 
Ara8E,-bu 7 9 -te ^ ^^ caust. of art. To 

cause to be or exist ; to create. 
Abaseito 7 9 ie >f hi; n. The stock ; Matthi- 
. ola annua. 
Aba8Ebabe,-bu 7 9 •!» 9 w*' i-v. The same ai 

aru, but used only politely : go buji ni aroie* 

rare soro ya, are you well ? 



ARA ! 

Ababhx T9 ^ K ^i- Bee arai. 

Aba8Bx,-8u T 9 ^ t.v. To spoil, devastate, 
min or injure by violence ; to lay waste, de- 
stroy *, to let go to ruis ; inoshithi ga hatake 
wo — , the wild hogs spoil the fields. 

Syn. YABUBAfHDCU. 

Abashi 7 9 >^ jSit Q* a tempest ; a storm. 
tAiusHiso 7 9 »^ => {I9 i^ n* A farmer boy ; 

a laborer on a farm. 
Ababhixo 7 9 S^ =1 n. A jack-plane, nsed for 

the rough planing of a board. 
Ababbimb.-bu 7 9 8^>> ^t* ^^ canst, of art. 

To canse or order to be or exist : kami wa ara* 

yuru mono wo — , God caused all things to 

exist ; yakn ni — , to appoint to ofiSce. 
tABASHUOE 7 7 2^^ n* l^ew rice in the 

stalk. 
IAbashio 7 7 S^ 9 n. A bold, coorageoos 

man. 
Abasbio 7 9 s^ 9 n. The open sea. 
Abascx 7 9 5^ b ^ n. A dispute ; contention ; 

debate; wraugling: — wo oftofu, to raise a 

dispute. 

Syn. BON, EEMKWA, SIAKAI, K5B0K. 

Abasoi.-ou 7 9 ^^ 7 ^ t.v. To contend ; to 
strive or compete ; to dispute about ; to wran- 
gle, quarrel: shdbu wo — , to contend for 
victory; ddri wo — , to dispute about the truth. 
Syn. BORzuBU. 

Aba80CTAoabi,-bu 7 9 y b if ^f ** i.v. (oomp. 
of aroioi, taku, and ari) To be fond of dis- 
puting or argument; contentious; disputa- 
tious. 
. tABAsuMi 7 9 :^ t ^' Stone coal. 

Abata 7 9 if Jr — ««i adj. New : — ie, a new 
house. 

Syn. ATABASHTI. 8BIN. 

tAsATA 7 9 3r #IS — ^^^i ^h Wonderful in 
hearing prayer, or fearful in power (used only 
in praying to Hotoke or Kami) : reigen — 
narL 

Abata 7 9^ ^ 1^ n. New made fields. 

Abata y ^ St adj. i.q. arataka. 

Abataz 7 9 if ^ t^Vi °* Coarse linen cloth. 

Abatasa 7 9 if :ISr Prompt in hearing prayer 
or in conferring reward or punishment. 

Abataka 79if^^i!Bn. An untaught 
falcon. 

Abatama 7 9 if ■▼ ^ n. A rough or un- 
polished gem. 

ABATAMARi,-nu 7 9 if T A- ejc i.v. To bc 
amended, overhauled, corrected, reformed, 
altered ; changed to something better : nen gd 
ga — , the name of the year is changed ; okite 
ga — , the statutes are amended. 

Syn. KAWARU, ABATA NI NABT7. 

Abatame 7 9 if >> ^ &• Examination ; in- 
spection; reformation; amendment: — wo 
ukeru. 
Syn. GiMUi, sbibabb. 

Abatame ,-RU 7 9 3r >» a* fjc t.v. To renovate, 
rectify, amend, alter, change, make better; to 
improve, reform ; to examine, inspect, over- 
haul: kokoro wo — , to alter one*s mind, 
fcform the heart ; okonai wo — , to amend the 



) AKE 

conduct ; okite wo — , to amend the laws ; td* 
motsu wo — , to inspect goods ; ehSmen wo — » 
to examine an account book ; na wo — , to 
change the name. 

Syn. XAEBU, SBIBABSBT7, OIMMZ-SDBU. SEN- 
BAKU, TADABU, ABATA NI BCBU. 

Abatambtb 7 9 if >> 9* f^ iO? adv. Benewedly. 

Syn. BET8UDAN-NI. 

Abatamu 7 9 if a t.v. i.q. aratameni. 
Abata-mi 7 9 if ;i Jff adv. Anew ; newly ; in 

a new manner : — ncru, to do over a^ain ; to 

renew, reform, renovate. 

Syn. ATABASBIKU. 

Abate 7 9 T 9r#* Fi-esh troops; a fresb 
hand : — wo irt-kaeru^ to bring up fresh 
troops in place of those exhausted. 

Abato 7 9 1* IS ^ n« A coarse kind of whet- 
stone. 

Aba-umi 7 9 {r ^ u. The open sea. 

Abawa-ni 7 9^\ji f/f adv. Openly; publicly: 
kaktuhite mo — •hirete oru, yon may tiy to 
conceal it, but it is publicly known ; — iwa- 
renu koto, a thing which should not be openly 
talked about. 

Syn. OTAKE NI, OMOTEMXTSI, AyTRA»A kI. 

ABAWARB.-BU 7 ^ >Mx A' jp i.v. To bc sceo ; 
to appear; to be manifest, visible; to be 
known ; to be discovered, revealed : kuro ga 
kao ni — , bis trouble showed itself in his 
face; muhon ga — , the conspiracy became 
known ; kiri ga harete yama ga — , the fog 
having cleared off, the mountain is visible. 

Syn. HIEBU, HAKEAKP, BOKEN. 

Abawa8B,-bu fy/^^*' ^'3t canst, of arau 
To make, order, or let wash : tewo — , to make 
a person wash his hands. 

Abawa8bi,-su 7 9 ^^ X fjf' t.T. To make ta 
appear, cause to be seen ; to display, disclose^ 
manifest ; to show, make known, reveal, 
declare, publish ; to bare, expose : ikari wo kai> 
ni — , to show anger in the countenance ; 
makoto wo — , to declare the truth ; hon wo 
— , to publish or bring out a book ; mune wo 
— , to bare the breast ; 4Uama wo — , bare the 
head. 

Syn. MISEBU, SBniEBU, obojutsu bubxj* 
0B96ASU BUBU. 

Abatubu 7 9 a A' fjj:^ adj. That which is, 

existing ; all that are : — mono, all things 

that are ; ari to — mono mina ningen wo ya- 

shinau mono da, all things conduce to the good 

of man. 
Abazabu 7 9 I^A' ^^ ne^adj. of ari, 
Abazome 7 9 /-?» n. Bofll|fhly dyed, of a red 

color. 
Abazu 7 9 :)( ^^ neg. of an^JB not : ano hito 

wa tada-hitoni arartt, he 14. not a common 

man. 
Abazumba 7 9 5C ^/< neg. Bubji of ari: if I 

have not ; if there is not; same M nakereha, 
Aka-zxtmobi 795^«9 JfEUt***' ^ rough 

estimate or cfdoulation. f 

Abe 7 v Exdam. in calling to another, or ta 

draw attention ; also of surdrise : are maeM- 

fio-yo, hollo ! wait a little r 



ABE 



21 



AM 



Ab> T t^ ^ pron. That : £tre vjn nani^ what is 
that ? are hodo, that mucli ; are wa dare no 
i>, vrhoae honm is that? 

Axes 7 t^ imp. of ari. Be it, whether : oide 
afe, come here ; kaku — , so be it ; hito ni mo 
are^ kedamono ni vio are, vUna kami no tau- 
kutta mono da, whether man or animals all 
were made by God. 

-f AjtB f V pron. I ; i.q. ware. 

AaB,-Hu 7 v>u J[£ i.v. To be rough, harsh, 
spoiled, mined, laid waste ; to be savage, 
ferocious, raging, tempestnons, stormy: ta 
ga kozui de areta, the rioe-fields were spoiled 
by the inondation; teoi ehika ga — , the 
wounded stag is savage ; umi ga — , the sea 
is stormy ; den-ji ga — , the fields are waste ; 
areta te, roagh hands. 

f Abb 7 t*' ^ n. A storm* tempest. 

Arbba 7 v^^ sub. of aru If or because there 
is ; if or because he has. 

Abboht 7 ^f" ^^ n* Waste, desolate, on- 
cultivated land. 

Abbdachi,-t8T7 fu ^ y Sl^ i'^* Same as 
aradaehi. 

Abedomo 7 V I? qg sob. mo. of ari^ Although 
there is. 

Abboasse 7 V jr »^ (comp. of are, imp. of ari 
and kashi) Be I pray yoo ; I wish that : oga 
ni kd-kd aregashi, I pray you be obedient to 
your parents ; on yurushi — , I pray you to 
pardon me. 

tABEMJ(8HZ,-8T7 7 V* X 4 ^'^' To be bom ; 
to be brooght forth ; prodoced. 

Abbno 7 w ^ n. A wilderness, desert. 

Abbta 7 «^ ^ JSE W n. Waste or uncultivated 
dee fields ; wild meadow land. 

fABETSXToi.-oiT f u 9 f i.v- To oomo down in 
lineal descent. 

iABBWATABBDOsi 7u/\^w).*^ n. The even- 
ing, = tasogare, 

Abi 7 9 n. A dove-tailed joint. 

Abi 7 9 41 i^- An ant. 

Abi or Abu T ^ ^ i.v. To be ; to have ; to 
possess ; to exist : aru ka nai ka wakarima- 
$en, I don't know whether there is or not ; or, 
whether he has or not ; kono koto wa hon ni 
aru, this is in a book ; $ekai ni aru mono, the 
things that are in the world ; atta ka, have 
^oo found it ? or got it ? attemo yoi, no matter 
if there are ; aru ho ga ii, it is better to have 
it ; areha ii, I wish I had it ; ko7\o takana wa 
doku ga aru, this fish is poisonous (lit. has 
poison in itj; kuwaahiku kaite aru, it is 
minutely written ; tare arite inoehi wo suteru 
mono nashi, nobody was willing to throw away 
hislife. 

Syn. oozABu. 

ABiAZ,-An 7 9 T 7 :^^ i.v. To happen to 
be present ; to have at hand : $ono ha ni ari- 
atte kiita, happening to be at that place I 
heard it; $oha ni ariyd ho wo totte hutta, seizing 
a stick which happened to be near, I struck. 

8yn. HOCHI-AWASE. 

Asi-AKE 797^:^]^n. A moming in which 
tbo moon is seen : — no ttuki, the morning 



moon ; — no undo, a lamp which burns al 

night. 
Abi-amabi,-bu 7 y 7 -^ '^ ^ j^t i^- To have 

or to be more than eiiuii^ij. 
+ARi.ABrrB 7 9 r 9 T adv. Finally ; in the 

end. 
Abi-abiio 7 9 r 9 h ^ ^ adv. Just as it 

was or is ; plainly ; distinctly : yUrei ga — 

viieia, the ghost was distinctly visible. 
Syn. axibaka ni, haesibi. 
Abi-awa8b,-bu 7 9 7>'>-te^i' :flE'^ t.v. Hap. 

pen to be present, or have ou iiand. 
Abibito 7 9 \£Y^.P n. The whole number 

of persons at present belonging to or iucluded 

in, etc.: eono Jdka no — wa iku nin, what is 

the population of that town ? 
Abidaxb 7 9 ^^^ ^i. "• All there is; — 

motteyuke, bring all there is. 
Abido or Abi-dokobo 79 i?3p ;^]^n. The 

place where anything is : — ga ithirenu, don't 

kuow where it is. 
Syn. ABiKA. 
Aripube,-ru 7 9 7 u ^i' ;& ^ i.v. To be com- 

mou, usual, ordiuary : aH-furHa mono, a 

common thiug. 
Arifubi,-bt7 7 9 7 ^ i.v. To live, exist. 
ABiaATAaABi,-Bn 7 9 ii* St if fi^ ^ Id i-v- To 

be grateful, or thankful ; fond of expressing 

thanks ; to regard with admiration. 
Abioatai,-ki, T ^ if St 'i ^^ (comp. ari, and 

katai) adj. Not to be ; not to be able ; rare 

and excellent ; exciting feelings of admiration, 

praise and thankfulness ; grateful ; thankful ; 

gracious: tayasuku teme-otosu koto arigata- 

shi, to attack and take it (castle) will not be 

easy ; yo ni arigataki on hito, a persoB whose 

like, for estimable qualities, is seldom seen 

in this world ; arigatai koto wo shiranu, devoid 

of gratitude. 
Syn. katajikekai. 
Abzoataku T 9 if St P ^11 adv. Thankful : 

— omou, to feel grateful ; — nai'u, to become 

grateful. 
Abioatasa 7 9 if Sff ^ H o. The state or 

degree of gratitude ; also things to be thankful 

for; favors; blessings; benefactions; bliss: 

j5do no arigntasa, the bliss of paradise. 
Arioatabo T V if St -^ if — na, adj. Having the 

appearance of being grateful : — tu, gratefully; 

in a grateful manner. 
AnioATd f V if St P ^ || (cont. of arigataku) 

adv. I thank you : — zonjimaa, or — gozari- 

matu, id. 
Abioin 7 9^5^ fS. S- ^ ^' All the money 

on hand at present. 
■j-Arioinu 7 9 ¥5? n. Woven silk stuff. 
Abihatsubu 7 ^ ^>> y ji^ adj. Ending one's 

existence. 
Abika t }) Kj ;ft^ n. The place where any 

thing is : — ga shiremasen, don't know where 

it, he, or she is. 
Syn. Aribokoro. 
Abikaoiri 7 9 »|f 9 ^ PR n- All there are : — 

motteyuke, bring all there are. 
tABiKAH03Hi 7 9 ^ 4c »^ i-q. aramahoshi. 



Am i 

Hbxkamo r 9 ^ % d* a woven woolen carpet, 

i.q. orikamo, 
Ariki,-ku T 9 ^ ^ tf *•▼• To walk ; to go ; 

aame as aruku, 

Syn. ATUMTJ, TUKU. 

Abixibi 7 9^9 >Rr ^ n* All there is ; the 
whole ; kono abura wa — de gozarimanif this 
is all the oil there is. 

Abisitabi T94»if9 ^ft^n. Cnstomary; 
Qsnal ; as it has been from of old : arikitari 
no tOri, in the costomary way; arikitatta 
fnonOm 

tABiKOSENV T 9 =1 -tt 5t i.q. areba yoi ga s5 wa 
nai, 

Abzhax T V -r^ ^^^ n. The whole quan- 
tity of rice on hand at present. 

Abxmasu T 9 *▼ ^ (comp. of ari and honorifio 
matu) same as am, to be, to have: arifiia- 
ihita, (pret.) have got, or have found ; arima' 
$en, (neg.) have not, or U not ; artimuuma/, 
I think there is not, or has not, or will not. 

-f Abi-nan 7 9 "^ ^^ i*q* flftf kashi, it is better ; 
preferable. 

AbI'NAshi 7 9 -^ 8^ ^ ^ n« Is or is not ; have 
or have not ; quickly disappearing ; transient : 

— no kumo; — wo ihiraherUt to search whether 
there is or not ; — no hi, the 26th day of the 
5th month (o. c). 

Abinokxtdabx 7 9 ^ ^ ^ 9 n* What was said 
or done previously. 

Abinomama 79^-<rT :^fl^n* Just as it is ; 
truly ; without concealment : — ni ihite oku, 
let them be just as they are ; — ni hanatu, to 
state or tell truly. 
Syn. sono-mama, /kaba-sama, abitbi. 

+AB1N0HI 7 9 >^ 5 StK "• A pear. 
Syn. MASHi. 

Abtootowatabi 79^^57if9 ♦'KIO' The 
perinaBum. 
Syn. KWAiiN. 

Abisama 7 9 "9* ^ ^ % x^* The state, condi- 
tion, circumstance, case, appearance. 
Syn. T5sn, tSdai, uoto, abit5. 

Abisashi 7 9 it S^ n. Dove-tail (in car- 
pentry). 

iABiSHnmco-ABAzu 7 9s^^qBf95C adv. Un- 
like what it used U> be. 

Abisho 7 9 i^ 3 :^fjf Tx. The place in which 
anything is : kataki no — ga shireta, enemy's 
whereabouts is known. 

ABI86 7 V^P^ta Appears to be, or to have ; 
looks as if there is : ano hito wa kane ga — 
da, he appears to have money, or to be rich : 

— na mon da, I think it must be so ; byoki no 

— na onna, a sickly looking woman ; — mo 
nai, improbable. 

IAbibo 7 9 y n. A rough sea ; a rough beach : 

— umi, id. — no nami. 

Abibuoata 7 9 ^ ^ 3r n. State, condition. 

Abitai.'KU 7 9 if >f 5g" g[ adj. Wish to be, 
or wish it were : td aritai mono da, I wish it 
were so ; kotaru mono wa oya ni kokd aritaki 
mono, I wish that all children were obedient 
to their parents. 

Abitaxx 7 V St ir ^ :t °* Same as aridake. 



2 ARU 

Abitei r VT^ :6 W^ n- The truth or real 
facts of the case, the circumstances justaa 
they are : — ni iu, to tell the whole truth. 

Syn. ABI VO MASCA. 

Abitoabu 7 9 f 7 >^ adj. All ; all there are. 

Syn. ABAYUBU, ABITAKE. SUBBTB. 

Abit8ckb,-bu 7 9 J' ^ ^ :6 ft t.v. To settle 
a person in a place of service or business ; to 
settle a daughter in marriage : yd-yaku mutu^ 
me wo arit$uketa, have at length married off 
my daughter. 
Syn. tohbbasbbu, tbkzukbbu, eatazukxbu. 

Abxtsuki.-ku 7 9 5^ ^ 5ft fj- i.v. To be settled 
in a place of service ; to find a situation ; to be 
married (of a daughter) : hoko ni aritsuitaf 
settle in a place as a servant. 

Abiya-kobiya 7 9 "Y 3 9 "Y adv. (coll.) In an 
inverse order ; mixed and out of proper order : 
Jbono hon wa — ni narahete aru. 

Abxto 7 9 -V ^ & % D* The true state of the 
case ; all the circumstances ; the facts : — wo 
iu, to tell just how it was. 

Syn. ABISAKA. 

AiazASHX 7 9 1P»^ n* Dove-tailed (in joinery), 
or tongue and groove : — no hoxo, the tongue ; 
— no mixo, the guMer or groove. 

Abi-zuka 7 9 >^ a % ^ n* An ant-hill. 

Ab5 7 9^ (cont. of araku) adv. Coarse; rough; 
see arai. 

Ab5 t^ P ooU. fut. or dub. of ari, same as 
aran, will be, I think it will, I think it is, or 
there is : ame ga furu de ard, 1 thinl^ it will 
rain ; id de ard, I think it is so ; kono take wa 
nai ga ddthita no de ard, I wonder how it is 
this take is all gone ; hito ga nonda de ard, 1 
expect somebody drank it. 

Abu 7 At ';^ adj. ind. pr. of ari. To be ; to 
have ; a certain, some : aru hito, a certain 
man, or some person ; aru hi, on a certain 
day, some day ; aru toki, on a certain time ; 
aru tokoro ni, in a certain place ; aru ni mo ara- 
renu omoi wo turu, felt as if I would cease 
to exist ; to be anxious ; mothi aru nara mue- 
natare, if you have it let us see it. 

ABUHEira 7>^'^-fif^^^^tn. A kind of 
confectionary. 

Abciwa 7 a. -f ^\ ^ pron. or adv. Or ; either; 
some ; other ; it ; perhaps ; it may be ; but in 
case that : aruiwa uma ni nori — kago ni 
notte yuku, some rode on horses, others went 
in chairs ; — yurutaren, it may be he will be 
forgiven. Syn. mata-wa. 

Abuji 7 ^ s? ± a (thujin) n. Lord ; master ; 
landlord ; owner ; entertainment (obs.) : ehugi 
wo — to turu, to make fidelity the principal 
thing ; — wo mOkeru, to provide an entertain- 
ment (obs.). 

Syn. MUSHI, SHT7, KIMI, DANMA. 

+Abujim6kb T f^^-^ P ft n. A feast, enter- 
tainment. 

Abukatachi y a^fj St i- n. i.q. aritama. 

Abuki, y A'^ n, A messenger. 

Abuki,-ku 7^^ "^-^f i-^» To walk: amite 
kuru, to come on foot ; kago de — , to go by 
chair. Syn. atuhu, hoko. 



ARU 



28 



ASA 



Aruki-bubi tKif-fff n. Way or manner of 
i^alking ; gait ; carriage. 

Aruki-sata fKi^-fj^ft n. \,^. arakihuH, 

tABUMEBU f ^ jt A' i.q. aru naran^ or arud^ 
arot shall be. 

AsU'MONO 7 A' ^ >; n. A thing that is, or 
exists, or has being. 

Abupa -f^^^ (^r-) ^* Alpha, the first letter 
of the Qreek alphabet ; = hajime^ the begin- 
ning. 

Asa TT a n- Hemp, Cannabis sativa : — no 
naka ho yofnogU like mngwort amongst hemp, 
(a prov.) illasirating the inflaence of good com- 
pany. 

Aba TT t) n* Morning; before 10 o'clock 
A.1C.: asa hayaku, early in the morning ; — no 
ticAi, daring the morning ; — no iiid,'id.; a»a 
osokuj late in the morning ; — goto ni, every 
morning ; mai — , id. 

Aba T "t ^ Shallow (oBed mostly in oom- 
ponnds). 

Asa-axe 7 T 7 ^ n- A light red color. 

ABA-A8AflHI,-KU-8HI 7^7^^^ Sjvtl*: a^j. 

Shallow; not deep ; superficial ; mean ; paltry; 

low ; dishonorable ; = atahaka, 
fAsA-ATo 7-9*7 !• n. Morning frost, (poet.) 

for anytldng evanescent, 
f Ababi,-bu } y-f-f i.v. To gradually become 
4ABAia,-Mtrj shallow. 
4Aba-bibaki 7 -9* i^ 9 ^ n* The sailing of a 

ship in the mom in g. 
Asa-bobakb t -f ^ y ^ M^ ^' Morning 

twilight ; day-break ; dawn. 
Syu. AKAT8UKI, toakb. 
AsADACHi 7'9'yf*flHI|9n. A shower of rain 

early in t)i« morning. 
AsADB y-fT $K^ !)• A slight or superficial 

wound, 
f AsADE 7 -9* 5r n. A fine cloth made of hemp. 
AsAOAO 7*9'^* 3|P4*K ^* The morning 

glory or couvolvulus, Ipomea. 
fAsAOAO-HiMB f-fifyxijii n. i.q. thokujo, 
AsAOARA 7-9* 4* ^ AS !)• The refuse bark of 

hemp. 
AsAOABEz 7-9* ^ w>f ffl ft (asa meshi) n. The 

morning lunch, or breakfast ; spoken only of 

the Mikado. 
AsAOABi y-fifV n- Hunting game in the 

early morning, 
t AsAGASHrwA 'T'9'ifl^j\ n. Breakfast (of the 

Temhi) ; in ancient times offerings of' rice 

were made to the kami in an oak leaf. 
AsAOAsvMi f-fff^ I t^ti !)• The morning 

haze or fog. 
AsAOB y-fyn. Breakfast. 
AsAOi 'T't¥ kf.^^' A light green or pale color. 
AsAOiBi 7*^4^9 n. Morning fog. 
fAsAoiTA yfj^ji n. The morning north wind ; 

(cool and refreshing). 
AsAGiron 7'9*¥9'^ (q^n. The morning 

washing of the face, nands and mouth ; or 

sweeping the court-yard. 
AtfAHAKA 7 "9* ^'^ ^ )^ H^ ^^h Ignorant ; mean ; 

shallow ; superficial. 
Syn. T8UTAMAX1, OBOXA na. 



AsAHAN 7-9*/^ i^iR n. Breakfast. 
Syn. A8AMX8U1. 

AsABi 7 iT b n. The morning sun. 

fAsABiKO 7 "9* b =t n. i.q. asct-hi. 

AsAi 7-9* ^ coll. of ataki. 

tAsA-i 7 ir >f H- i>q* atane. Sleeping late in the 
morning. 

^fAsAiDB 7 •9- ^ r n. A shallow fall in a 
stream. 

Aba-kaob 7 -9* a </ n. The long shadow caused 
by the morning sun ; (met.) a long and atten- 
uated figure. 

Abakabanu, or Abaxabazu 7-9* ^ 9 x^ ^ ft ^^ 
shallow ; deep : — naka, deep intimacy or 
friendship; asakarazu katajikenai^ deeply 
obliged. 

AsAXB 7 T >" t) m (oomp. of a$a and ake) n. 
Day break ; dawn. 

lAsAXi 7 -9* 4 >i* A gnarled or knotty stem of 
a tree. 

A8Axi,-KU-SHi 7 -9* 1» d^ Adj* Shallow ; not 
deep; light in color; ignorant; superficial; 
reeent ; not long since : mizu ga — , the water 
is shallow ; atai iUiva, a shallow river ; tdo 
ga — , the w^ is not deep ; — iro, a light 
shade of color ; ehie no — hito, a person of 
shallow understanding ; — chawant a shallow 
cup. 

Abaku ft 7 -9* ^ sdy. Shallow ; not deep ; 
lately ; recently ; see <uai : — nai, not shallow ; 
— suruj to make shallow. 

Abakadaki y-f-rdf^ t!^^ n* Before day- 
break; early morning. 

ASA]CA8HIKI,-Kn-8HI 7 T "^ ^ ^ ft Ut ^h 

Shallow 'brained ; silly; foolish; base; vile; 

paltry ; mean ; inglorious ; dishonorable : — 

ya, how silly 1 
A8AMX,-BU, or AsAMi,-MU 7 it >> A^ i.v. i.q. iaa- 

merut to reprove. 
AsAMBSHi 7 "9* >( S^ III $[ n. The morning 

rioe ; breakfast ; i.q. usa-han, 
AsAMi 7 -9* ^ n. A shallow place. 
AsA-iciDOBi 7 -9* ^ t? 9 n. A light green. 
lAsANA-AflAHA 7-9*-h7-9'-h |L JL ^dv. EvBTy 

morning. 
HBANAai y^ -^^ n. The morning calm (of 

the sea). 
iABAHAOi-TVNAoi y -^ -^ nf a. y -^ fif n. Morning' 

and evening. 
fAsANAKB y-f-f-fr n. Morning. 
Abanabaha 7'9'^'9"^ i-^- atana-atana. 
tAsANA-TtJNA y '^ -^ =x y •f' Jn^ (cLidbarC^ Xk, 

Morning and evening ; breakfast and supper. 
AsANB 7 '9' ^ M iS Sleeping late in the morn- 
ing : — 6o, a late sleeper ; — u>o iuru, 
IAbamixxni y-fzz.^zs. n. Morning. 
AsANOMA y^ } ^ J^ 4) n* The morning. 
Abanumo y^yt. } A^ D' Grass-cloth; linen; 

cloth made of hemp. 
Abao 7*9'* A^ D. Hemp. 
Aba-OKI 7 1^ 4* ^ ||!) j^ n. Rising early in the 

morning. 
AsABAXA 7*9' 5^ adj. Shallow. 
AsABi 7 T 9 44 n. The name of a bivalvai 

Lima oardif ormis f 



ASA 



24 



ABH 



fAuBi T -9* 9 — tuTu, (poet.) to eail around. 

Ababi,-bu TT^ J£.^ t.v. To Mratoh and 
search for food, as a fowl ; also as a fisher- 
man for fish, or a beast for prejr : ye wo — , id. 

AsASA) 7-9'-i^ n. A fresh-water plant, the 

AsAZA ) leaves of whioh float npon the water. 

AsASA 7 '9' ^ S( Q* ^^6 shallowness : kava 
no — ni yori fune ga tdranu, boats eannot go 
up and do«A the river on aooiount of its shallow- 
ness. 

AsASHZ 7-f i^ ^ adj. Shallow; see asai. 

AsASuzu T'9' ^ :/ n* Cool of the morning. 

tAsATODB TS >^ &• Going ont of the hoose 
in the morning. 

fAaATOOABi T'f h Kt V i.q. atmgari., 

AsATsUKi f-i^ V ^ n. Chives. 

Abatts t -^ y T W ft H (myogwiichi) adv. 
Day after to-morrow. 

it!J«l T-*'"- Aterdofdoer. 

Abatakb TT'Y^ 4KfK ^ ^0 glorious ap- 
pearance of the sky at sanrise. 

Aba- TO 7 -9* a. 7 49! ^ n. Morning and evening. 
Syn. cHd-SBEi. 

Abaza TIM^ n* The morning service of a 
Bud. priest. 

4A8AzincTiHi 7 -9* ^ ^ b n. i.q. atahi, 

fAsB 7-lt -S-^ pron. My elder brother (re- 
. speotful). 

Abb 7 -b vf n. Sweat; perspiration: — 100 
kakuy to sweat ; — ga deru^ id. . 

Abbbi 7 ie If n> Andromida japonioa. 

AsBBO, or Asemo 7 -b s}f n. Prickly heat. 

AsBJinrrA 7 it s? $ ^ adj. Sweaty: —kimonot 
sweaty clothes. 

Abbvizo 7-tt ^ / n. A stream of sweat. 

AsB-Nuoui 7 -te 3C ^ b n. A small handkerchief 
for wiping o£f the sweat. 

AsBBi,-Bu 7 ie A* i.v. To be in a hnrxy ; to be 
in hot haste; to be urgent; eager; vehe- 
ment; to twist and tarn, as in trying to 
escape ; to struggle : ki wo — , to urge ; kaete- 
kaese to aseredamo mimi ni kiki-irezu, he cried 
urgently, **come back, come back," but he 
would not hear ; ikura atette mo ma-ni-awanUt 
hurry as much as I may, I am too late. 
Syn. zsoau, sbku. 

Abbbi.-bu 7 -ti /I' i.v» To be shallow ; to fade, 
become lighter, lose freshness, or color: 
hana no iro ga — , the color of the flower fades. 

Syn. BOKEBU, SBMBEU. 

Abbtobi 7 -b > 9 '?f # n* An undershirt 
worn to protect the other garments from 
Bweat. 

Abhi 7 >^ JS. n* Tbe leg, foot : — no yubi, the 
toes t — no tsume, a toe-nail ; — no kS, the 
instep or back of the foot ; — no tira, sole of 
the foot ; — no tsuehi fumazu^ that part of 
the sole of the foot which does not touch the 
ground ; hi no — , the rays of the sun shining 
through a cloud ; ame no — , the appearance 
of rain falling in the distance ; fune no — , that 
part of a ship that is beneath the surface of 
^ktd watei' ; — ga hazureru^ to lose one's foot- 
ing ; — ni makasete yuku, to go not knowing I 



where, or to go as fast as the legs can cany ; 

— no abura, the sweat of the feet ; — no ato, 

the print of the feet ; -•- no crikagamit ih« 

popliteal space. 
AsHi 7 »^ S n* ^ 1^8^ or flag. 

Syn. TOSHX. 
AsHi 7i^ n. Small cash; money. 
AsBx 7 8^ j^ Evil : yoehi-anhi, good and evil. 
Abhi-abubx 7i^77^jMPtt>^* A foot^tove, 

or brazier for warming the feet. 
Abhi-ato 7 &^7 h ]S^^ n. Foot-prints. 
AsHiBA 7 »^ ''^ £ jK n. A scaffold; the footing; 

.place for the feet to rest on : — ga warui, the 

road or the traveline is bad. 
Abeibata 7 i^ /<-v ;i 3^ n. Swift-footed ; fleet. 
AsHiBin 7 S^ t? i|k n. A lame person ; a cripple. 
AsBiBUCHi 7 ^y^ n. A horse with white 

legs. 
tAsHiBXTMi 7>^y^ n. The manner of step-. 

ping, or of using the feet, 
AsHiBTdsHi 7 1" If "Y ^ ^ J^i^^ n. Beating 

time or drumming with the feet : — wo tonn^ 

to beat time with the feet. 
AsBiDA 7 S^ ^ J^ K ^' Wooden clogs : — no 

Ad, the horizontal pieoe ; — no ha^ the two 

upright pieces \ — no Jianno^ the thong. 
AsHioAMABi 7 £^ ^ V 9 JS. W D. A foothold ; 

point d*appui ; a base for military opeiationB - 

a stand. 
tAsHiDB 7^70* A kind of paper with reed 

figures in it, used for writing poetry. 
Abhidomb 7&^f?^JUin. A stop in going 

or coming ; a halt : — wo zurUt to stop. 
AsHmoBi 7 i^ 1^ 9 9^ i^ n* The gait or man- 
^ ner of walking ; keeping step : — ga warui^ 

his gait is bad. 
AsHiOABABi T^ifft 9 JE.# D. A foothold; 

a place to step or stand on. 
-f Abbigamae fi^ir-f'^ n. A three-legged pot. 
AsHioAKB 7 s^^jp ^ n. Fetters; shackles. 

Syn. BADASHI. 

fAsHiOABU 7 i^ifJ^ ^H n. The lowest kind 

of foot soldiers. 
Syn. zoHTo, busotsu. 
AsHXGABB 7i^ii^ |£ u. Stocks for confining 

the feet of criminals ; fetters, 
-f AsHiOATA 7 i^if Sf n, A kind of shoe worn in 

ancient times. 
AsmoATAMB 7>'ifSt >i n. A wooden ram used 

for pounding the ground for the foundation 

of a house. 
AsHiOB 7 s^ y n. An iron-grey color. 
Asmonar 7>^^% n. Coarse silk. 
AsHiHEN 7 i^^^ Jl. ^ x^* The radical of foot 

in a Chinese character. 
AsHn 7 v' >f oont. of ashiki. 
Abhijibo 7S^5^nJ^^^n> A scaffold. 

Syn. ASHIBA. 
AsHiKA 7 9^ if i^lH B. The seal. 

Syn. OTTOSBI. 
Abhibabb 7 i^li ^ n. (imp.) Let him meet 

with evil, or be cursed : — to negau ; — to 

nozomu. 
AsHiKABi,-Bn 7 5^ :tr A' (oont. of ashiku ari,} 

To be bad, evil. 



ASH 



25 



ASS 



fAsHi-KABZ T l' fi \z ^ "ff n, A xeed-spront or 
bud. 

fAsziKASHi T i^^ 3^ u. i-q- athigau. 

AsHiSATA T S^ ^ ^ n. The print of the foot. 

AeHiEi,-su-BiHi T ^ ^ S A^j. Bad ; \rioked ; 
evil; wrong. 
Syn. WARUi, AKu. 

iAsHiKO T v' 3 adv. i.q. atxiko, 

AsBiKU T S^ ^ JS ady. Bad ; evil ; see athiki : 
— tu, 1o speak evil of ; — omtmt think evil. 

AsHiKUBi y ^ if \£ J£. IS* n. The ankle. 

AflHnfATBT 7 i^ -^ >f 9 u- Touching the feet of 
a huge or saint in adoration. 

Abhuiatoi Ti^'rfb ^Sn* A olog, impedi- 
ment, hindrance in going. 

AsHDcoTO T i^ ^ 1* J^ 'f n. Near or at the 
feet : — ni aru, it is near yonr feet ; — niki 
wo ttukeiu, look where you are going ; — ni 
tori ga tat$u (prov.). 

AaexxoTsuBB 7S^^;^wJ£.ISn« A dog, 
impediment, or hindrance in going. 

Syn. ASHIMATOI. 

Abbinabe 7 ^ -^ ^ n. A frying pan that has 
feet. 

Abbdiab 7 i^ '^ ^ M ^ One crippled in the 
legs, or feet ; a cripple ; a lame person. 

Asm-NAOA 'Ti^-9'if -g^Pf n. Long-legged: — 
jiflkz, an island rapposed to be inhabited by 
long-legged people. 

AaaiKAXA 7 ^ -^ tr J£. ^ n. Sandals which 
cover only abont half the sole of the foot ; 
slippers. 

AsHtHAHi 7 »^ -9* ^ n* The line, or order of 
Uie feet, as in troops marching : — wo soroete 
arukuj to walk keeping step with each other. 

fAsHZNOKz 7 i^ y ^ n. i.q. kakke, 

AsHi-oTO 7 i^ 7 h J£. 9 n. The soand made 
by the feet in walking ; sound of foot-steps. 

AsHiBAi 7 i^ 9 b j3i n. Treatment ; entertain- 
ment ; decoration ; that which sets off or im- 
proves the appearance of anything. 

AsHisu,-Au 7 S^ 9 7 ^ff t.v. or i.v. To 
treat, to behave, or act towards ; to amuse ; 
to entertain ; to set o£f, decorate : tanin wo 
kffodai no yd ni — , to treat a stranger like a 
brother ; kyaku wo — , to entertain a gnest ; 
kodomo wo — , to amuse a child ; sakana ni 
aomono wo — , to decorate a fish with green 
leaves ; matiu noneni stua wo euhiratte ueru^ 
to plant a small bamboo near a pine tree in 
order to set it off. 

Syn. ATsuKAr, motekabu, soxbu. 

AflHisA T ^"^ fSi^' ^^^ badness ; v. ashihi. 

Abhisamaki 75^-9*'^^ %tilL acl^* In a bad 
or evil manner : — tu, to speak evil of. 

AsHZTA 7 g^ ir ]^ ig (my&nichi) adv. To- 
morrow ; also J{[ early in the morning. 
Syn. Asu, ABA. 

AsHiTAKA-Kuiio 7»/jr^^%n. A long-legged 
spider. 

f A^ixAzu 7^^^19ttn. A orane. 
Syn. TBUBU. 

AsHiTBuoi f i^y^ f^ n. A stepping stool for 
reaching to a height. 

fABHrisuNO y l^y J n. i.q. cuhikabi. 
4 



tAsHnsuo T i^y ^ n> The cord attached to 

A harp. 
fAsHiTSUTSU T l^y y n. The inner bark of a 

reed. 
iAsHXUBA 7 S^ i> 7 n. Foretelling one's .luck 

from what happt^nn to the feet. 
AsHiwABA 7 *^-''^ 9 3JE iS ". A tract of groun^^ 

covered with reeds : — ^ gani, a crab that lives 

amongst the reeds. 
lAs^iWABA-NAEATSUKUKL A.n appellation of 

Japan. 
AsHiTowA 7 s^ 3 57 ^^ n. Weak in the legs ; 

slow of foot : — zure mirhi ga Jutkadoranu, 
AsHizoBOB 7 »^ / n ^ Jl. tilt &• ^he feet in 

line : — de arukuj to walk with the feet in 

line, or to keep time in walking. 
Abhizubx 7 s^ ?( 9 JLii ^' Dancing or rub- 
bing the feet together, as in anger or emotion 

of any kind : — wo »hiU naku, to dance and 

cry as a child. 

Syn. JIDAKDA. 

fAsHd 7i^'Y^ S^ ^' The same as daina- 
gon. 

Aso 7 7 i.q. nazo, a riddle; al»o i.q. ason. 

Asd 7 "9* <r (oont. of a»akft) adv. Shallow ; not 
deep. 

A8obakashi,-bu 7 y /^ ^ ?^ t.v. i.q. asoha- 
seru, 

Abobasb,-bu 7y/^iB^ ^jS oaust. of axobi. 
To amnse, divert ; to cause, or let be without 
work, or idle : hd-kd-nin wo atoha*ete oku^ to 
let a servant spend his time in idleness. 

Asobashi.-su t y /< y^ ^ t.v. To amuse, 
divert : to let, or cause to be without work ; 
to do, make : i.q. nasaru or aru in this sense 
used only in speaking to honorable person-s ; 
shujin ihuen wo asohatUf the lord made a wine- 
banquet ; ko oiobaset do it thus. 

AsoBi 7 y if n. Amusement ; play : diver- 
sion; pleasure; sport; frolic; play or room 
for motion ; a harlot : — ni yuku, to go for 
pleasure ; — no niki na hito, a person fond of 
pleasure, an idle person, or one fond of going 
to prostitute houses; — onna, a prostitute; 
kao ni — ga aru, he looks silly. 

A8OBi,-B0 7 y y 3$ i.v. To sport, frolic ; to 
divert, or amuse one's self; to be without 
work ; to be idle ; to spend time idly : yama ni 
— , to go for pleasure into the mountains ; 
atonde kurasu, to live in idleness, or pleasure. 

Asobi-oataki f y \£ if St ^ n. A playmate. 

AsoBiMB 7Vlf>>^-jc'^' A harlot ; a prosti- 
tute. 

AsoBiTAOARi,-Bu 7 V tf ^ ^A' I.V. To bc foud 
of playing, or idling. 

•fAsoBuiTo 7 y y>f h n. i.q. kagerd, 

fAsoui 7 y 5 n. i.q. ason. 

Ason 7 y ^ t! E n. Anciently the title of a 
high official or court noble. 

AssABiTo 7 ^ 1^ 9 > W-^ adv. Simple ; plain ; 
neat ; chaste ; unadoxbed : — shita tabemmo, 
food of delicate taste. 
Syn. TAMPAxu. 

AssEi 7 9 -n ^ <£ $1 n* Tyranny; oppression: 
— 8uru. 



ASS ! 

AsBHi, AssuBU 7 7 ::^ ii' C* ^•'^* ^<> crush be- 
neath ; to fall on and crush ; to press down 
. on ; to oppress : asserarerUf to be crushed 
beneath anything. 

Asu T 5^ B H iyokujitsu) adv. To-morrow ; 
the next day : — no asa, to-morrow morning ; 
— no hirUf to-morrow noon ; — no yo, to- 
morrpw night. 

Syn. A88ATE. 

Abuka-oawa r ^ ^ <r^N JR % )]\ n. A river in 
the province of Yamatu known for its deep 
places and shallows constantly changing; 
much used in poetry as a figure for the 
changes and vicissitudes of life. 

Abueo 7X3 adv. Yonder ; there 

Syn. ACHIBA, BOKO. 

Ata 7 ir n. An enemy ; harm ; injury ; hurt ; 

revenge : kiUune no ko too toreba oya ga — 

tco nasu, if you take a fox's cub the mother 

will avenge it. Same as ada, 
Syn. KATAxi. 
t Ata 7 jr n. A span ; a hand-breadth. 
AtabIj-ru T if \£^ i.v. To commit mischief ; 

to hurt, harm. 
Atae 7 if ^ 5)4 n. A gift r ten no — , the gift 

of heaven. 
Syn. SAZUKE, hodokobhi. 
Atae,-ru T 9 ^^ ^ t.v. To give, bestow : 

kcjiki 91 1 zeni tro — , to give cash to a beggar ; 

hito ni haji wo — , to make a person ashamed. 
Syn. TABU, bazveebu, hodososu. 
Atafuta y Sty 9 adv. Profusely ; liberally ; 

a great deal ; plenty ; abundantly ! — Uukau, 

Syn. TAKUSAN. 

Atahaba 7 jr » 9 n. A disease of the abdomen, 
colic or cramp. 

Atai 7 if >f iS o* Price ; value ; worth : — 
tra ikura, what is the price ? — nashi, with- 
out price ; priceless (invaluable). 

Syn. NEDAN, NE, NE-UCHI. 

Atakaho T St ij ^ i.q. adakamo. 

Atake,-bu T St ^ ^ i.v. To be violent, turbu- 
lent, or noisy ; riotous ; shojiwo tataiteatakerUf 
to rap at the window in a disorderly manner. 

Atama 7 St -r SS n- The head, the top, the 
highest part, the first : — ga itat, the head 
pains ; yama no — , the top of a mountain ; 
ki no — , the top of the tree ; — rco haru, to 
strike the head ; to squeeze a certain percent- 
age from the wages (as a coolie master) ; — 
kazu, the number of persons ; — no sara, 
the skull, cranium. 

Syn. KASHIBA, ITADAKI, KOBE, TSUMUBI. 

Atamagachi 7 if ■* *• ^ IS;^ Large-headed; 
larger at the top than at the bottom : inoshi- 
shi wa — na kedamonOt the wild hog is a 
large-headed animal. 

Atahazsni T St -r '^=^ p^n. The money 
paid per head to government ; poll tax, or 
money paid for entering a theatre. 
Syn. NiN-TO-zEi. 

-tATAMi,-MC y St A. t.v. To regard as an enemy. 

Atara T St 'S "^^ {oshimu beki) adj. Any- 
thing which one regrets to lose ; to be regret- 
ed, highly prized ; precious ; valued : — koto 



6 ATA 

wo ihita^ have done what I deeply regret | — 
hana wo kaze ga fuku^ the wind has blown 
away a highly-prized flower ; — tama ni kizu 
daj there is a flaw in the jewel. 
Atababhii Titfi^/f coll. cont. ot atara$hiki, 
+ATABA8HIKI 7 ^ 9 j^ i^ "^ 'j^ adj. Sad ; 

lamentable ; regretable. 
Atababhixi,-bhi 7 ir 9 5^ 4» 9t ^i- ^^^ ; fi^^h ; 
not stale : — kimono, new clothes ; — mizu, 
fresh water ; — sakana, fresh flsh. 

Syn. BHINKI, SHIN, ABATA NABU. 

Atabashiku or AtarashO 7 Jf 5 S^ ^ jJr ftdv. 
New ; newly ; fresh ; not stale : — itai, not 
new ; — dekita i«, a house newly built ; — 
naru, to become new. 

Syn. ABATA-MI, BBINKI-HI. 

Atabashiba f St ^ i^-f n. The newness. 

Atabi 7^9 ii n. Vicinity ; neighborhood ; 
near in place or in time ; about ; treatment ; 
behavior : nondo no — ni, near the throat ; 
kono — fit tera wa nai ka^ is there a temple 
. in this vicinity ? — wo harau, to clear away 
those near (as with a sword) ; kyonen atari, 
about last year ; — no mono, persons who were 
near ; mamako ye no ^^ mo hanahada yoku nai, 
her treatment of her step-son was also very 
bad ; — a tort, here and there. 

AjABi,-Bu 7 ir A' f* or t|» i.v. To hit, strike 
against; to touca ; to reach, attain to; to 
turn out, come to pass; to succeed as by 
chance; to happen, hit upon, fall upon; to 
agree with, conform to, correspond to, accord 
with ; to be worthy of ; to match, equal ; to 
amount to, equivalent to ; affected by : ya ga 
tnato ni atatta^ the arrow has hit the mark ; 
fune ga iwa ni — , the ship struck on a rock ; 
ttukue ni ataru na, don't hit the table ; icato* 
kushi no atama wa ano hito no kata ni ataru, 
my head reaches to his shoulder; shitntrei 
ni ataHmatUf it amounts to want of good 
manners ; Nihon no ichi ri wa mazu America 
no ni ri han ni atarimoBhdt one Japanese ri 
would be equal to two American miles and a 
half ; 8ono imi ni ataru yd na kotoba, words to 
that effect ; engawa ni hi ga attate trti, the 
sun is shining on the verandah ; Yoropa wa 
ajia no nishi ni ataru^ Europe lies on the 
west of Asia ; wataktuhi ni wa itoko ni ataru, 
he stands to me in the relation of nephew ; 
uranai ga atatta^ the prediction of the fortune- 
teller has come to pass ; Mono toki ni atatte 
ran ga okoruj just at that time a disturbance 
arose ; hito no ki ni — , to offend a person ; 
atfusa 911 — , to be sun-struck, or affected by 
the heat ; tabemono ga atatta, made sick by 
something he has eaten ; shibai ga atatta, the 
theatre has turned out a suocefls ; yama ga 
atotto, the speculation has succeeded ; hi no 
ataru tokoro ni oku, lay it in a sunny place ; 
ano hito ni kuji ga atatta, the lot has fallen 
upon him ; dori ni — , to conform to reason i 
shi ni — , to be worthy of death ; nedan wo 
atatte miyd, I will inquire about the price ; 
kinjo ye atatte koyo, I will go and enquire of m 
neighbor. 



ATA 



27 



ATE 



Atiri-hazubb r> ^ J^*/u ia^ n. Hit ' and 
miss ; success and failure. 

Atarimab T ^ »; ■▼ ^ ^ ifif n. As it should 
be ; right ; proper ; according to the law of 
nature ; natural ; of course ; usual ; common ; 
ordinary : karita kane wo kaesu no wo — da, 
it is right to return borrowed money ; mizu no 
thimo ye nagareru wa — da, it is natural for 
water to flow downwards ; — no kimono, clothes 
such as are usually worn. 

Syn. TOZEN, TEKITO, T8UNB. 

Atataxa ni t si St Ht ^ ift adv. Warm; 

warmly : — nam, to become warm. 
Atataxai.'Kihshi tSiSt^^ ft &clj. Warm : 

hara ga — , the spring is warm ; — kimono, 

warm clothing. 
Atatasaxu, or Atatako 7 St Si ft ^ tjt adv. 

Warm ; warmly ; — naru, to become warm ; 

— itini, to warm. 

Atataka na 7 St St ft -^ ft adj. Warm ; — 
tenki, warm weather. 

Atatakasa 7 * St ft -t ft n. The degree or 
state of warmth. 

Atatamabi,-bu T -5f if 'T *' i.v. To be warm, 
or become warm. 

Atatamb,>bu 7 St St >i ^ }fl t.v. To make 
warm ; to wai*m : hi wo taite heya wo — , to 
make a fire and warm the room. 

Atattb 7 St yT "V PP- o' atfiri. 

Atau or At6 T ^ 7 JS an imperfect verb. To 
be able ; can : ataumaji, neg. fut.; atawazn, 
(neg.) not able ; cannot ; impossible ; kami ni 
wa atawazaru tokoro nashi, nothing is im- 
possible to God. 

Atawabi,-bu 7 St/\^ i.v. (coll.) To receive; 
to have given or bestowed on one : ataxoaranu 
^ kane, money not received (from heaven). 

Syn. RAZUKABU. 

AxcHi 7 y i- adv. (coll. for aehi) That place ; 
there. 

Atchi-kochi 7 y i- :3 y^- coll. for aehi-kochi. 

Atb 7 T adj. Noble; honorable; elegant; 
refineil. 

Ate 7 T f* n. A block, or anything placed 
for a thing in motion to strike against ; a pad 
for protection against a blow or friction ; a 
mark, target, object, aim ; a clew ; anything 
to look to, rely or depend on ; security ; de- 
pendence, reliance; a pledge: — nisuru, to 
use as a block or object ; to depend on ; tori 
wo ate ni teppo wo utsu, to fire a gun at a 
bird; — nashi ni yuku, to go without an 
object, clew, or without any one to depend on ; 

— ga hazurertt, that on which reliance was 
plaeed has failed ; to be disappointed ; — ga 
ehigai, \p fail of one object ; ano hito no yaku- 
ioku wa ate m naranu, his promise is not to 
be depended on ; — ga nai, there is no clew, or 
have no person to look to, or depend on ; doru 
iehimai ate ni yarn, to give one dollar to each 
person. 

ATB,-Bn 7 T ^^ "S" t.v. To hit, strike, touch ; 
to put ; to apply one thing to another ; to 
direct ; to assign, allot ; to apportion ; to 
guess : ya wo mato ni — , to hit the mark 



with an arrow ; ya wo mato ni atete nerau, to 
aim an arrow at the' mark ; kao ni te wo — , 
to put the hand to the face ; hi ni — , to put 
in the sun ; kono naka ni aru mono wo atete 
mi-ncuai, guess what is inside of this ; mono- 
iashi wo — , to measure with a foot measure, 
or yard-stick ; mi ni atete omoi-yartt, to feel 
for another a9 if it weife one's self ; hinoshi 
wo — , to iron, as clothes ; yakume wo — , to 
allot each one his duty ; hitotsu zutsu atete- 
yam, give one apiece. 
Syn. TSUKEBU. 

f Atk-atb 7T7T adj. Very honorable ; very 
elegant. 

tATEBi,-uBu 7 T y ^ !•▼• To be haughty, 
arrogant. 

Atb-bito 7 T l^ ^ "• Noble or honorable person. 

Atbdo 7T^ iS fff n. Object ; aim ; clew : 
— nazhi ni yuktt, to go without any particular 
object ; — mo nai koto wo iu, to speak extra- 
vagantly. 

Atbdokobo 7 T i^ =1 p iaffr^' The address 
(of a letter), aim, object, place to apply any- 
thing. 

Atboai 7Tlf\i 'S^ -^ n. The portion or 
share alloted ; allowance; allotment : ategai- 
buchi, allowance of rice, or rations. 

Ateoai,-au 7 T if y IP'^' t.v. To apply, 
assign a i>ortion or share; to allot, appor- 
tion : hitori mae ni ni-jii zutsu wo — , to allot 
twenty to each man ; oki ka chiisoi ka ate- 
gatte miru, to see whether it is too large or 
too small (by fittinp: one on the other). 

Atehaka ) 7T*^ft f^ — nrt, noble ; elegant ; 

Ateyaka ) 7 T^ft handsome ; beautiful. 

Atehamb,-bu 7J'/\;fi A, t.v. To appropriate, 
allot, apportion, assign ; to fit into ; to apply : 
kono kane wa thakkin ni atehamete aru, this 
money is appropriated to the payment of debt. 

Ateji 7 ^ s? "8' !^ n. A character used merely 
for its souud without regard to its meaning. 

Atekosubx 7 ^ 3 5^ 9 n. A hint, rebuke, or 
censure administered indirectly, or by impli- 
cation. 

AteeosubIj-bu 7 ^ a >^ >u t.v. (coll.) To hint 
a rebuke, or censure ; to give an indirect hit, 
cut, or rub. 

Atbkoto 7 ^ =j h n. An indirect reproof ; a 
hint; also auything which one relies or 
depends upon. 

Ateme 7 ^ -^ IB" n. An object, aim ; a blow. 

Atemono 7T^ ? n. Betting ; guessing or lay- 
ing a wager on anything : — wo suru, 

A-TEN 7T ^T^t^ n. Flattery. 

Syn. HETSURAI. 

Atena 7 T -f" "gr ^ n. The name of the 
person to whom a letter is addressed ; the 
address, direction. 

Ate-okonai,-au 7f*=^■^7 ^ ^f t.v. To 
Apportion, allot, grant : kerai ni chi-gyo wo 
— , to grant a portion of land to a servant. 

Atetsukb,-bu 7Ty ^ ^ ioif *■"''• To allude 
to, hint at, refer to indirectly ; to insinuat?b : 
hito ni atetsukete mono wo iv, to say anything 
intending it as a hit at another. 



ATE 



28 



ATS 



AzBZU •fT'^vt, Oj^portonity ; aim ; objeot : — 
ga haxuretat to miss one*s aim ; to be disap- 
pointed. 

Syn. KIXWAI, ATSDO. 

Atezupp5-ni T T 5^ ^ ^ ^ adj. Without in- 
tending ; by chance. 

Ato T h $$ or ^ n. The mark, or impression 
left by anything ; a track, traoe, clew, point, 
trail, scar, cicatrice ; that whicb remains, as 
rains, remains, vestige, relic ; that which 
comes after, saoceeds, or follows ; the rest, 
remainder; the estate or property left at 
death ; the family line, posterity ; with nt, de^ 
ye or karaf behind, after, afterward, last, ago, 
backwards : kojin no — too fumu, to follow 
the instructions of the ancients ; — ye 7aftu, 
to draw back; — wo tsukeru^ to make a 
mark; — too mo mizu $hite nigeru^ to flee 
without looking behind ; — too Uugu^ to suc- 
ceed another in estate, or business ; kodomo 
toa haha no — too shitau, a child longs to go 
after his mother ; gakenomi ga — too hiku^ a 
drunkard the more he drinks the more he 
wants ; roshS toa — too hiku yamaij consump- 
tion is a disease which infects one's children ; 
yobaibothi ga — • too hikUj a meteor leaves a 
train behind it ;' — too taterUt to raise up 
an extinct family ; — too tsukeru^ to trace, to 
make a mark ; — too sagasUf to search for the 
trail or track ; — ye yoru, to move back ; hito 
no — nt tatsu, to stand behind or to be in- 
ferior to another ; — no tstikiy last month ; — 
ni hanashita koto^ that which was just said ; 
goieen no — de cJta too nomu, to drink tea after 
dinner ; — kara yuku, to go after, or after- 
wards ; san nen ato^ three years ago ; tatsu tori 
toa — too nigosUf the bird that flies away 
muddies the water. 

Atobe 7 > ^ ^"^ n. Behind ; backward. 

fATOBi T h \i n. i.q. kadobi. 

Atobishobi 7 1» bf i^ a 9 n. Shrinking back ; 
flinching. 

Syn. ATOSHIZABI. 

Atobusa 7 b y-^* n. A crupper having large 
tassels. 

Atodachi 7 b ^f- IS^iL "• ^^^ person stand- 
ing or walking behind another ; starting on a 
journey after another has gone : — ni auru. 

IAtob 7 h ji n. Presents made at the time of 
marriage ; bridal gifts. 

•f At6e,-obu T h y jv t.v. To betroth ; to marry ; 
to espouse. 

Atoobtbu 7 h y y ^ H n. Last month. 
Syn. ATO-TSUKI, skn-getsu, ktogetsu. 

Atogiyome 7h^3j» ^^81 n. The cere- 
mony of purifying a house after a death in 
the family. 

Atohakanashi 7 > ^^ :J& ^ 5^ adj. Without a 
trace or clew ; vanished. 

Atohaba 7 h -'^ 9 ^ K5 n. AlJSer-pains ; (met.) 
after clap : — no ko^ a posthumous child. 

Atohiki 7 h b 4^ adj. — jogo, a drunkard who 
is more and more confirmed in intemperance. 

fATOKABAME 7 h fj ^<^ n. Descendants ; pos- 
terity. 



Atokata r hUf St l^J^ n. Mark, traoe : toH 
toa Umde — mo nashi, the b.rd flies away find 
leaves no trace ; — mo naki fusettu, a report 
without foundation. 

Atokatazuke 7 hij Sf :f^ n. Putting things 
away or in order, as after a fire, feast, etc.: — 
too turn. 

tAT0K0E,-TU 7 h 3 a t.v. To leap across. 

Atouawabi 7 > "^ ''> 9 ^ ^, n. Going round 
or turning backwards (as a wheel) ; to get 
' behind-hand : — too turn, to turn backwards, 
to go round about ; aaane too tttru to ySji ga 
— ni tmn«, by sleeping late in the morning 
one gets behind-hand with his business. 

Atohawashi 7 h •* ^n 8^ n. — ni «»«-m, to put 
off the doing of anything until something 
else is done. 

Atoms 7 l* j" IS^^ adj. The estate or pro- 
perty left by death ; the family line : — too 
ttugUy to succeed to the place, or estate which 
another has left. 

Atomodobi 7 f % b* 9 n- Betum ; going back ; 
retrogression. 

t Atomoi,-ou 7 b % 7 t.v. To lead (as an army). 

ATONiaXTAKASHI 7}>::^^'yi»i^lf^J^n, A 

feast, or entertainment made by thu friends 

left behind after a person has gone on a 

journey. 
Ato-osae 7 b :M^ -^ n. The rear-guard of an 

army. 
tATOBABE.-B" 7 b 9 V lu t.v. i.q. atsuraeru, 
t Atobe, -BIT 7 h u ju i.v. To be charmed with. 

fascinated ; to admire. 
Atosaki 7^-9'^ ^ A n. That which ia 

before and behind ; the past and the future ; 

antecedent, and consequeuce : — mizu, to be 

rash, inconsiderate ; — too kangaeru, to ex 

amine a subject on all sides. 
Syn. ZEN- 00. 
Atoshiei 7 b S^^ 3$^ n. The goods or pro- 
perty left by a deceased person, or one giving 

up business ; succeeding to property left by 

another. 
Syn. ATo-TsuGi. 
Atoshizabi 7 h 9^ -^ 9 ^oln. Going or 

moving backwards ; shrinking back, as in fear; 

flinching. 
Atotobi 7 h h 9 Sd"' ^ n. An heir, successor. 

Syn. TOTStiGi. 
Atotsugi 7 h rJ' ^ ft iSR n. One who connects 

with, and continues the family name and 

estate ; an heir, or successor. 
Atotsuxi 7 h 5^ 4* n. Last month. 

Syn. ato-oetsu, benoetsu. 
fATOuGATABi 7 l* tf if ^i V ^' Kesponsive 

recitation in the drama. 
Atozan 7 b -^^ s^ ft £ n. Afterbirth. 

Syn. NOCHizAN. 
Atozonae 7 h V' -^ -^ n. The rear-rank. 
Atsu or Atsubu 7 y a^ *S^ Same as ateru : 

shoku ni atauheki mono, u thing that would 

do for food. 
Atsu 7 i^ 4| hot, and ]!f. thick (used only in 

compoundu). 
AtsO 7 y i^ adv. oont. of attuku. 



ATS 

AnuBAi T^/^b o. Hotashei. 

f Airbus f y^ n. Fever ; a severe liekness : — 
hitOj one sick of a fever. 

AxBUGAMi t y It I Jf-Wi n, A thick kind of 
paper. j 

Atbuoan T 7 iT V fR in n. Hot iake. 

Axsnai T y ^ V 41 ^ Thick and warm 
clothing ; patting on many garments, one over 
the other : — wo turu, 

fAxBUooB T 9 ^A n. Thick ; Lq. aUuki. 

Aisux T 7 >f coll. eont. of atsuki, 

t ATSuif-TTTBU f ya-iu i.v.- To be sick of a 
fever, or very sick. 

ATSu-rrA T^^fJrjffin- A thick board ; a 
plank ; mgi no — . 

Atsukax fyum fpfli n- Mediation, inter- 
vention, negotiation, management: — wo 
turu : — wo ireru. 

AnuK4x,-An f y n 7 9i t.v. To manage, 
negotiate ; to transact a matter between two 
parties ; to treat, deal with : kenkwa wo ateu- 
katte naka wo naoiu, to mediate in a quarrel 
and restore friendship. 

8yn. HAKABA9, TOBUT8X7KAU, ASHIBAU, TOBZ- 
8ABAKU. 

t ATBinLu,-AU r 7 tr 7 i.T To be hot, feverish, 
anxioQs. 

Atsukai-hzh T 7 Ap b a ^ & A. ^' A medi- 
ator, negotiator, manager. Syn. AisATstTMni. 

AT8UziMA8Hn,-Ki-su T y Hi -Tl^ 4 adj. Im- 
pudent ; impertinent ; shameless ; bold ; anda- 
eious : — yattu da. 

tATBUXAWASHi f y fi f^^i^ adj. Troublesome; 
annoying ; to be Lot. 

AxauKAWA-zuBA T y It ^ '^f ^ JOfft.^ n. 
Thick-skinned face ; brazen-faced ; impudent. 

Atsckb 7 9 ^ ^ 41 {»ho ni ataru) n. Affected 
bj the heat. 

Atsusi T 7 % (d adj. (l)Hot; ardent; fervent; 
fervid : — fci, a hot day ; yu ga — , the water 
18 hot. 

|2) JSfi Thick from side to side ; not narrow ; 
great; liberal; bountiful: kawa ga — , the 
skin,, bark, or rind is thick ; atsuki hobif a 
libenU reward ; — kokoro, kind-hearted. 

Axsuxu T y ^ ^ adv. (1) Hot ; see atsuki : — 
niru, to make hot ; — narUt to become hot ; 
— nai, not hot ; — te komaru, it is so hot I 
don't know what to do ; — gozarimaSy it is 
very hot. 

(2) Jg. Thick from side to side ; plentifully, 
liberally; bountifully: — sewa wo suruy to 
render great services ; pan wo — Atru, to cut 
bread in thick slices; — nai kami, thin 
paper. 

Atscmabi T 7 "^ 9 ^ n* An aRsembly, con- 
gregation, collection, meeting, gatberiug, 
mixture. 

Ax8UicABi,-BU T 7 -r ^ JK i.v. To be assembled, 
congregated, collected together : shibai wo mi 
ni kito ga — , people are assembled to see the 
theatre. 

Syn. TOBU, MTTBAOABU. TBUDOU, KOZOBU. 

AzsuMx,-KU T 7 > ^ X t.v. To assemble, 
congiegate ; to collect, convene ; to gather ; 



29 



AWA 



to mix : kdgi ni hito wo — , to assemble pea- 
pie to the preaching ; hana wo — , to gathet 
flowers. 

Syn. TOBBBU, MATOMBBU. 

Atsxtmb-jibu f y ;f i^^ 'l'lEtt>>* A soup 
made of many vegetables mixed together. 

Atsu-mitsu f y % y 34 S^ {narimono chdji). 
Prohibiting music during the period of mourn* 
ing for the Emperor. 

t Atsumono 7 y^J iHt # i^* Soup made of 
vegetables or fish. 
Syn. SHIBU, TSUTU. 

-f-ATBUNAGABB f y 'i' if u Ti. A fire ; i.q. kwaji. 

Atsubae,-bo -f r? 9 ^ a* ^ t.v. To order any- 
thing to be made or purchased: tsukue wo 
daiku ni — , to order a desk of the carpenter; 
o atsurae no shina ga Tdkyo kara dekite kivia* 
shita^ the article you ordered has come from 
T5ky6. 
Syn. cbO-mon subu. 

ATsrBAX T 7 9 ^ Mi n. An order for the 
making, or buying of anything : hoka no hito 
no — da kara uraremasent as it was ordered 
by another perBon I cannot sell it ; — wo 
ukeru, to receive an order. 
Syn. chO-hon. 

Atbu-btoxu t y 9 9^ Kt^u. Pressure: 
kUki no — , atmospheric pressure. 

Atbcba T 7 it [M n. (1) The degree of heat ; fer- 
vor, ardor : konniehi no — wa iku do ka^ how 
hot is it to-day 7 ~^ni makeru, to be overcome 
by the heat. 

(2; JS|L thickness : kono ita no — wa go bu 
da, this board is half an inch thick. 

Atsushi y y i/ adj. see atsuki, 

IAtsubhibx T yi^ u n. Emaciated ; lean ; i.q. 
yatsure. 

Atsu-tami T yy ^ n. Sickness brought on 
by the heat of the weather. 

Atta t y 3t pret. of ai, au 3fc and ^\ also pret. 
of ari ^. 

Attaba jr y Sf 9 coll. same as atara. 

Attaba y y 9*9 coll. cont. of atta naraba, it 
there is, if you have : yu ga — motte-oide, if 
there is any hot water bring it. 

Attx T yT P-P» of ai'^ox ^ aud ari ;g": atte 
mo nakute mo kamaimasen, whether I have or 
not, or there is or not, it makes no difference. 

AtTo f y if "if ^9i {o8hi'taosu)t — suru, to 
throw down; to overwhelm or defeat, as in 
argument, or by authority or power. 

■f-AuBA 7 iftr 5 i.q. ashiura. 

JAuflA-xiBUSA NI 7 7 "9' % A'lr adv. Puzzled or 
perplexed which to do : — omoi-midare, 

AwA 7>\ ^ n. Millet, Panicum italicum. 

fAwA 7 !7 n. A knot that cannot be untied. 

AwA 7 y ^ n. Froth ; foam ; bubbles : — too 
fukUf to froth at the mouth ; — ga tatsUy it 
bubbles, it foams ; — iro fcfi, to be perplexed, 
confused ; — tsubu, a bubble ; — wo kuwa- 
seru, to perplex, confuse ; to sui'prise, alarm. 

tAwA-AWA8Hi,-xi-Ku 7 >> 7 ^N 5^ adj. Pitiable; 
miserable ; very insipid or of little taste. 

AwABz 7 ^^ bT n n. The Haliotis tubercalata» 
or " sea- ear." 



AWA 



80 



AYA 



AwABU f 7\'f n, A millet field : — ta^ id. 

AwABUEu 7 5;^ :/^ n. i.q. ahuku. 

AwAOACHi y f^-iff" — na, frothy; foamj ; full 
of bubbles. 

AwAOA&A y f^ H ^ 55S Ji* The Bhella, or 
bran of millet. 

tAwAi f f\\i n. Intercourse ; association. 
Syn. MAjiwABi. 

AwAi y i\ A H n. The space between two 
things ; between ; intercourse ; intimacy : yama 
no — no michit a road between the moun- 
tains. 

Syn. AIDA, HA. 

AwAi-i y^s^n n. Food made of millet. 

+AwAKB,-Bu y j\ fjT ^ i.v. To froth at the 
mouth ; to pant ; to be dilapidated, spoiled, 
uncared for. 

AwAKi,-KU-8Hi T^'*^ '31 *^J* Having a deli- 
cate flavor, or nice taste ; insipid ; tasteless, as 
water : a^ivoai ga awaki mono, a thing of a 
delicate taste ; awaku thite mizu ni nitaru. 

AwAMOcHi yj\^^ %i$ zi* Bread made of 
rice and millet. 

AwAMOBZ 727%9V&JEi^* A kind of strong 
spirits brewed from rice, used as a medicine. 

AwANAMDA y fs-Yz/it coU. ncg. per. of ai, have 
not met : hitathiku — , have not met for a 
long time. 

+AwA-o 7 57 9 n. A knotted cord : — rniusubi. 

AwABB 7 ^\ u exclam. of entreaty, pity or 
admiration : — inochi bakari wo tasuke tamae, 
I pray you only spare my life. 

AwABE y j\\^ :^ n. Pity; compassion; ten- 
derness of heart : — wo moyosuy to feel com- 
passion ; — ni omotc, id.; niono no — , the senti- 
ment or emotion excited by any thing, 
(obs.) 

Syn. FUBIN, AWABEMI. 

AwABE,-Bu 7>>N v/i- :jft^ pass, or pot. of ai, 
can meet : doshitara awareru daro ka^ how 
shall I get an opportunity of meeting him ? 

AwABEMi 7^>v^ ^ n. Pity; compassion; 
mercy : — no fukai hito, a person of great 
compassion. 

Syn. FUBIN, jiHi. 

AwABEMi,-HU 7^>vA ^ t.v* To pity, com- 
passionate ; to show mercy : awarende ishokn 
wo ataeru, compassionating gave food and 
clothing ; ware wo awaremi tamae, have mercy 
upon me. 

Syn. FUBIN NI OMOU, ITAWASHIKU OMOU. 

AwABE-NA 7^\vh ^ adj. Exciting pity or 
compassion ; pitiful : — koto. 

AwABESA 7 ^> v9* •^ n. A condition exciting 
pity ; misery. 

AwABE 7^N-ts n. Putting up for comparison 
to see which is the best : hana-awaie, com- 
paring flowers; tori-awate, a cock fight; ea- 
wase, comparing pictures. 

AwASE 7>^Mt ^ ^ n. A garment lined or 
of double thickness. 

tAwASE 7 ^N -te n. Articles eaten with rice ; 
i.q. «at. 

AwASB,-BU yj\^jn^ ^ t.v. To join together; 

. to unite i to annex, add ; to mix together ; to 



compound (as medicine) ; to introduce (a person 
to another) ; to make do, make suit, or answer 
the purpose : kamisori wo — , to hone a razor ; 
kusuri wo — , to compound medicines ; te wo 
awasete hai surUt to join the hands and wor- 
ship ; kokoro wo — , to agree together ; chU 
kara wo — , to unite strength or do altogether; 
choshi wo — , to tune ; to make to agree or 
harmonize: ano Mto ni awasete kudasare^ 
pray introduce me to him ; me wo — , to look 
at each other ; ma ni — , to make to do ; make 
answer the purpose. 

Syn. OABBUBU, boebu, euwaebu. 

AwASEDO 7 -'^ -b I? -^ fi^ n. A hone, whet- 
stone. 

AwASE-GUsuBi yj\^f:K^ "^'t^ ^- A medi' 
cine compounded of several ingredients. 

AwASEME 7.^N-!s^ ^ g n. A joint, or seam 
where two things are united. 

AwABHiKi 7^\i^4& adj. Insipid, or of slight 
taste. 

Syn. TAMPAKU, AWAKI. 

MwASHio 7 T7 S^ 9 n. Salt. 
tAwAsoKA y/\y:^ adj. Insipid ; of mild taste ; 
tasteless. 

Iwl^roo VA ^} - The knee-pan. 

AWATADA8HI,-KI-KU yj^Jl^i^^ 3^ adj. Agi» 

tated ; excited ; flurried. 

AwATE,-Bu y jsT ^ MI ^ iv. To be excited 5 
agitated ; flurried ; alarmed. 

Syn. ODOBOEU, ubotaebu, bixsubi 

AwATSU y i^y \,i\. awaterxi, 

^AwATs^KESHI y i^yfri^ adj. i.q. awakx^ 

AwATSUBu yvy^ i.<l- awateru. 

Aw AYA 7 ^N -V exclam. of alarm, agitation,' 
excitement, or surprise : — to mint uchi ; - - 
teki yo, there comes the enemy ! 

AwAYAKA 7 ^N -V j5r adj. Delicate or mild in 
taste or flavor. 

Awayoeuba y j^-s 9 j>'< conj. If there Bhonld 
be an opportunity ; i.q. ma ga yokereba, 

AwAYUKi 7 y a if* n* Sleet ; a kind of cake 
made of rice flour. 

AwAzABU yj^^-^A' ^^ neg. ofat*. 

AwAzu or AwANU 7 -'^ ^ ^ 3S °eK- o' «tf not 
to meet : — ni kaeni^ to return without meet- 
ing. 

Aya 7 -Y exclam. of wonder, surprise or admi* 
ration. 

Aya 7 -V ji^ n. Silk damask. 

Aya 7 -V n. Cat's-cradle, a puzzle made with 
a string looped over the fingers played by 
children : — wo torn, to play oat's-cradle. 

Aya 7 -V :^ n. A figure, pattern, or design of 
any kind wrought in cloth ; ornament ; embel- 
ishment: — wo naau, to ornament witbt 
figures ; haru no yo no yami wa aya nash%^ 
ume no hana ka wo tazunete zo zhiru-bekari-^ 
keru, in the darkness of a spring night, when 
no object can be distinguished, the plum-blos- 
som may be found by its fragrance. 
Syn. BUN, moy5. 

t Aya 7 -V n. A weaver's shuttle. 

Ayabumi,-iiu r "V >• a fb i.Y. To anspeet 



AYA 



81 



AYU 



danger ; to be timid ; to be fearful, suspici- 
ous ; to be dangerous. 
Syn. ABVNi.oi.Bn. 

AxiDOBi,-BU T -Y b* '• Ift t.v. To form the 
figures or designs on clotli while in the loom, 
vhich is done by working a frame from which 
strings go to be attached to the warp; to 
embellish, ornament ; to work the strings of 
a puppet ; to play balls : hata, ganthoha^ bun- 
iho^ ningyot tama tiado wo — ; kai wo — , to 
row. 

Atajuta T -Y 7 -Y — na, uncertain : — na koto 
wo iUt to equivocate ; — na heiyi, 

+ATA0AKI r -Y *' =¥ n- A curtain. 

Ataoobo T-Y =f p n. A kind of woolen stuff; 
lasting. 

■fAxAaATOBi T■Y>^^* 9 n. A Chinese weaver. 

Atakabi,-bu T -Y i?r *' '^ t.v. To resemble, 
like : harami onna ga tuagi wo kueba sono ko 
ga usagi ni ayakatte mitsu-kuchi ni narti, if a 
pregnant woman eats hare her child will have 
a hare-lip ; ano hito ni ayakaritait I wish to 
be like that man. 
Syn. NiBU, BUi-suBU. 

Atakashiki,-ku r-Y*i^* adj. Obscure; not 
plain ; indistinct ; doubtful ; suspicious. 

AiAMACHi T'Y'T^ ift n. A mistake, error, 
fault ; a wrong, blunder : watakushi no — da, 
it was my fault j — wo kuyuru, to be sorry for 
a mistake ; — wo aratamerUf to rectify a 
mistake, or reform one's fault. 
Syn. ocHiDO, uachioai. 

Atamachi,-tsu 7 "^ ^ y ig or ^ t.v. To 
commit a mistake, error, blunder, or fault ; 
to miss; to offend against, transgress, or 
violate ; to injure, unintentionally hurt : aya- 
matte aratamuru ni habakaru koto nakare, 
having committed a mistake don't be back- 
ward to rectify it; okite wo — , to offend 
against the laws ; ayamatte hito wo koroiu, to 
kill a person by mistake. 

Syn. HACHIOAU, tagaebu. 

Atahabi T "Y •* 9 ^ n. A mistake, error, 
fault ; a wrong ; an apology, acknowledgment 
of an error : — ni kita, come to apologize ; — 
jomon, a letter of apology. 

AiAMABi,-BU T-Yv>i' 8^ t.v. To miss, mis- 
tfl^e, err ; to offend against ; to acknowledge a 
fault ; to apologize : miehi wo — , miss the 
way ; burei wo — , to apologize for a rudeness ; 
ayamarazu mato wo tru, to hit the target 
without missing. 

Syn. MACHIOAU, wabibu. 

Atahb T -Y ^ 8 58 n. The sweet flag, Ca- 
lamus aromatic us. 
Syn. 8H0BU. 

Ataub T -Y ^ :^ B n. The lines, or colors 
that define a figure ; figure ; form : mono no — 
mo wakaranu yami yo, a night so dark that 
the forme of things could not be distinguished. 

f Ataiix y -Y >» n. A Chinese woman. 

Atahb j-bu T "Y > '^ t.v. To hurt, wound, in- 
jure ; to tf lay : kito — . 

Syn. ITAMEBU. 

Atamx,-3cu T "Y a i.q. ayathimu. 



Atanaki,-ku-shi 7 -y -^ 5^ S ^ adj. Not plain 
or dear; without sense or meaning; un- 
intelligible ; useless. 

fATANi "f-Y— ff" adv. Unintelligible; very; 
exceedingly. 

Ayaniku 7 -y ^ ^ 4 ttf adv. Unfortunately ; 
unluckily ; in addition to : — itisu da, he is 
unfortunately out. 

Syn. OBi-ASHisu. aikxeu. 

t Atashi,-8U 7 -Y 3^ Jt t.v. To let out, cause 
to flow out ; cause w fall, or throw down : chi 
wo — , to let blood, to bleed ; hare mono wo 
— , to open a boil. 

Aya8hi,-8u 7 "Y 3^ t.v. To play with or amuse 
a child : ko wo — , id. 

ATAsHn,-Ki-KD-8Hi 7'Y>'>f fe adj. Strange; 
marvellous ; wonderful ; queer ; extraordinary ; 
supernatural ; suspicious ; dubious ; doubtful : 
ayashiki mo ayashimazareba ayashiki koto 
nashiy even if a thing is strange, if we are not 
surprised at it, it ceases to be strange ; aya- 
shiku omou, to consider strange ; to feel sus- 
picious of ; — nai not strange. 

Syn. MEZUBASHn, fushiqi mabu, kitai nabu, 

IBUKASHII. 

Atashiub,-bu 7'YS^>«/»' t.v. To suspect; to 
be doubtful of. 

Ayashimi 7 -y i' ^ & n. Wonder ; surprise ; 
suspicion ; doubt : — wo idaku, to entertain 
suspicion ; — too nasti. 

Syn. GINEN, dtagai, ibukashi. 

Ayabhimi,-md 7 -Y i' a fe t.v. To think 
strange ; to wonder at ; tu marvel at, be sur« 
prised at ; to suspect : hito wo — , to suspect a 
person ; ayashimu ni tarazu, not a matter to 
be surprised at, or to be suspicious of. 

Syn. UTAGAU, FUSHIGI NI OMOU. 

Ayashisa 7 "Y i^ '9' & n. The strangeness, 
wonderfulness. 

Syn. IBUKABHISA. 

Ayasugi 7-yx^ n. A small kind of cedar 

Juniperus procumbens. 
Ayatsd 7 "Y J' n. That fellow. 

Syn. AiTsu. 
fAYATSDBi if -Y iv 9 n. A loom. 
Ayat3ubi,-bu T-y y >^ # t.v. The same as 

ayadoru : ningyo wo — . 
Ayaui,-ki-ku-shi y-^i;^ /fe adj. Dangerous; 

perilous ; unsafe ; insecure ; full of risk : — to- 

karo wo tasukatta, saved from great peril ; — 

me ni atta, was in a dangerous predicament ; 

ayauki koto wo sum, to run a risk ; ayaukv 

nai, it is not dangerous. 
Syn. abunai, kennon. 
Ayobi 7 3 1^ B^ # ^' Leggins. 

Syn. KYAHAN. 

Ayobi,-bu 7 3 y i.v. i.q. ayumu* 

■f Ayogi,-gu 7 3 J^ i-q. ayugu, 

4Ayu "fan. An east wind. 
Syn. Kocm. 

Ayu 7 a St 11* A river fish = at, trout. 

Ayu 7 at fpj St T^' {omoneri hetsurau) Flat- 
tery : — sum, to flatter, adulate. 

tAYUOi,-ou 7=xj^ i.v. To shake, vibrate ; to 
move or revolve without stopping; i.q. yurugu. 



ATU J 

fAvui TAb n. A bondage for the legs or feet. 
ATUiiASB,-Bn fsLTUA^ pasB. or pot. of ayumi. 

Gan walk ; to be walked over. 
Atuxi T=k% $• n. Walking ; going on foot ; 

«e;tfi no — wo hakohu tokoro, places wbieh 

people are in the habit of visiting. 
ATX7Mz,-in7 7 A A ^ i.T. To walk ; to go on 

foot. 
Atumi-ai^-au r=^^7y $• -&* i.v. To mn- 

tnally concede or yield in settling an account ; 

to compromise : nedan wo — , id. 
Syn. AiBUi. 
Atumz-ita r^^^ir^'ttn. A board or 

plank for walking on ; a gangboard. 
Ayumoxazb 7 a ^ jQr -tf n. An east wind. 
tATUBi,-BU 7 a A* i.v. To exude or flow out, 

as sweat or blood ; to resemble. 
^^ "^i^ M ^' MaculiB ; dark or red spots on 

the skin ; freckles ; black and blue spots from 

a blow. 
Syn. HOKUBo. 
AzAB,-Bu y^^^ t.Y. To mix ; to store up. 
AzASBBi 7 -^ ^ 9 491 >>• Ridicule ; derision ; 

scoffing : hito no — wo ukerut to be laughed 

at by others. 
AzAKXBZ,-Bu 7 1^ ^ ^^ ?H t.v. To laugh at, 

ridicule, deride ; to scoff, jeer : hitn wo — . 

Syn. BOSXBir, oub5 subu, baxa m subu. 

f AzAsxBx,-Bn 7 -^f ^ A' i.v. To relieve the mind 

of any care or burden ; to comfort. 
AzAMi 7^^ M n. A thistle, 
t AzAui.-MU 7 -^ A t.v. Same as azakeri. 
iAzAHi,-]nj 7 IT A i-v. To be surprised or 

suddenly ahumed; agitated : — sawagu, to cry 

out in sudden surprise. 
AzAMUxi 7-^Ai|i )BC n* Deception; imposi- 
tion; guile; fraud. 
AzAHnKi,~Ku 7 -^ A ^ jgc t.v. To deceive, 

impose on, cheat, delude; to beguile: hito 

wo azamuite kane wo torn, to cheat a person 

and take his monoy ; had<ie no ihiroki wa yuki 

wo mo azamuku, the whiteness of her skin 

rivaled even the snow. 

Syn. DAMASU, TABAKABU. 

AzANA 71^'^ ^p n. The common name by 

which a person or place is called; also, a 

field. 
AzAKAE,-iiu y-^^^^ i4 t.v. To twist, as a 

rope. 
Syn. NAU. 
AzARASHi 7-9^9 i' tK ft ^^ (ao Aino word) 

The eea-leopard. 
AzABE,-BU 7 ir i^ ^ ft i»v» To be spoiled, 

tainted, stale, as fish or meat ; to be disordered, 

deranged in dress, as a drunken man ; to sport, 

jest, make fun. 

Syn. KASABU, MIDABXBU, KUCHIRU. 

AzABX 7 1P 9 n. A bonze, Buddhist bishop ; 

i.q. ajari, 
AzAWABAz,-An T^Vfy ^HsS *•▼• To laugh 

at in derision, scorn, or contempt. 

Syn. SESEBAWABAI. 

tAzATAOi,-ou 7 l^-V / i.v. To be clear, bright. 

AZATAKA NA 7 ^-T ^ ^ jR ^h O^®" 5 bright ; 

glossy ; new or fresh iu color i pure : kiwoiw 



I Aza 

ga — koto, how bright is the color of her 
clothes. 
Syn. AxnuzARA, niKXiBi, kukitaxara. 

AzATAKA HI 7 1^ Y tr A JH adv. Clearly ; dis- 
tinctly; plainly. 

Azx 7 i^ 1^ n. The mound, or dyke that 
separates rioe-fields. 
Syn. KUBO. 

AzB 7-tf j|f( n. The reed of a loom through 
which the warp is passed. 

lAzBCHi 7-tff' n. i.q. antatsuzhi. 

Azx-iTO 7-tf>r > jRiM n. The strings of m 
reed used in weaving. 

f AzxxuBA 7 .tf ^ ^ n. A shed built of poles 
for storing grain. 

AzBMOMXN 7'tf%>>v|^jR|n. A kind of 
frilled muslin. 

AzBNUNO TMyL ? l^:^ n. Frilled grass-cloth. 

-fAzoso 7 / y adv. i.q. uau-uzu, 

AzuoHi 7 ^ f- n. A bank of earth against 
which a target is placed. 

AzuKABi 7 y ^ 9 n. Anything received on 
deposit, or in trust ; a trust, a consignment : 
— mono, id.; — hito, a person who receives 
anything in trust, or takes charge of any- 
thing; a consignee; — tido, id. 

AzuKABi.-Bu T^/Ti'^ i.v. To receive in trust- 
or deposit ; to have consigned or committed to 
one's care; to be intrusted with; to be in 
charge of ; to take part in, partake, or parti- 
cipate in ; to be concerned in ; to be connected 
with; to relate to; to meddle with; to be 
responsible for; to be favored with : iahi-tahi 
ozewa ni azukari, have often been favored 
with your kind assistance ; gochizd ni azukari 
katajikenait I thank you for your delightful 
entertainment ; ihiehiya wa mono woazukarite 
kane wo kazu, the pawnbroker lends money on 
receiving anything on deposit ; otazune ni azu- 
karite arigatd, thanks for your kind inquiry ; 
waga azukaru koto ni arazu, it is not a matter 
in which I am concerned. Atukarareruy 
(pot.) may or can be taken on trust ; azukara- 
serut (caust.) to cause another to take charge 
of ; azukari-okn, to put in the charge or keep- 
ing of another. 

Syn. TAKUSAN, TUDANBRABBBU. 

+Azukabi-m6su 7!/*9-r^:^n. A regent. 

AzuKE,-BU 7 */ ^ fl^ t.v. To give in trust ; 
to commit to the care of another ; to give in 
charge; to intrust; to deposit, consign : zhichi- 
ya ye mono wo azukete kane wo karu, to make 
a deposit at the pawnbroker's and borrow 
money ; azuketateru, (caust.) to cause another 
to give in trust ; azukerarerut (pot. or pass.) 
may or can be given in trust ; azuke-mono, 
anything given in trust ; azuke-oku, to give 
in trust. 
Syn. TAxu stmn, makasbbu, ninzubu, yuda- 

NBRD, ININ SURU. 

Azuxi 7 ^ ^ n. A small red bean, Phaseoloa 

radiatus. 
fAzuMA 7 t^ T n. The eastern provinces o£ 

Japan, Haine an hcanto. 
AzuiiAuoio 7:f^:ih n. A Japanese harp« 



AZU 



B8 



BAI 



AiDMJLSU 7 1^ "* t^ jR A A person from one 
of the eastern provinces ; a ooantryman ; a 
rostic : axuma-bito^ id.; azuma-otokOf id.; azu- 
wu-namarit eastern dialect or provincialism ; 
axumakarage, tacking ap the skirts in the' 
manner of an eastern man ; azuviaya, an 
eastern shed, open on the sides ; atumagotOj a 
kind of harp. 



AzusA 7 ^^ n, A kind of tree, the wood oi 
which was used for block-cutting, bows, ete.,. 
the Bottlera japonica. 

AzusAi 7 ^"9* ^ n* Same as ajiaai. 

AzuBA-Tum Tt^f^ ^ n. A small bow nied 
by sorcerers in their incantations. 

tAzu8HiKi,-su-8Bi 7 1^ ^ ^ a^lj. Sick ; ill. 



B. 



Bk ^ (impure wa.) A conjanctive particle 
affixed to verbs meaning— if, when, since, 
because, as, though ; also affixed to ico as an 
emphatic particle. 

Ba /< J|( XI. A place, arena, room ; state, con- 
dition, circumstances : ba wo Wru, to occupy 
much space, take up much room ; ba ga nai, 
there is no room ; yoki ba, a good place ; ka»- 
sem-ba, a field of battle ; iono ba, that place, 
or that time. 

Sjn. TOKOBO, BASHO. 

Ba 7< (impure tra) ^ n. A numeral used in 
coontiiig bundles, fowls, or birds : maki sam 
ha, tliree bundles of wood; tori iam ba, three 
fowls. 

Ba-ai 7<f h j^ ^ n. Case ; circumstance ; 
condition ; pr^cament ; occasion : sono — de 
tea, in that case. 

Ba-ba '^^/'T J^ i^ n. A place for practicing 
horsemanship or training horses. 

Baba 7< i< fS.^ n. Grandmother ; an old 
woman : obaba »an {obaa san), a polite name 
in speaking to an old woman. 

Baba /^/^ n. Dung : neko no — , (pro v.) some- 
thing covered up, concealed. 

Bachi ^^^ fg n. A drumstick ; the stick used 
in playing the guitar ; a plectrum : — too torn, 
to use the drnmstick. 

Bacbi >^^ f] n. Punishment inflicted by 
heaven : bachi ga ataru, to be smitten of God ; 
oya no baehi too kdmnrUj to be punished of 
God for disobedience to parents. 
Syn TOOAME, tatabt, kxibatsu. 

Bacbixsm /^f* >i V S ^ n. The place on a 
guitar where it is played. 

IBadai 7<^'i J^ f^ n. Horse money; the 
price of a horse, formerly made a present to 
high officials. 

Badarai ^-^y ^ >f .^9 jg n. A horse basin, or 
basin uaed in washing horses = uma darai. 

Bab ^^a nigori of hae, used only in oomp. 
words ; as kibae ga turn, to look well when 
worn, as clothes ; mt&ae , making a good ap- 
pearance ; ano hana wa yubne ga surUf that 
flower looks best in the evening. 



Bafitn >^7V ^ Jf 
trian feats. 



Baom ,^y^ ,%l 



n. Horse dung, 
n. Horsemanship; eqaes* 



Baoinu /^Afyt ,% 4@ n. A horse blanket. 

Baou /< f ,%^ n. Harness. 

Baguta /< /-y .% a S n. A harness maker ; 

a saddler. 
fBAHAN /<^\i^ Aft n. Smuggling: ba?ian 

surUf to smoggle; bahan nin, a smuggler. 
Baharb,-ru /<?\ uA^ ^Vi i.v. To be public, 

before the world, open : bahareU surUt to do 

publicly ; bahareta koto, a thing public and 

known. 

Syn. ovoTE-MUKi, k5zen-tabu. 
BahifO j<hy ijf M/JI^K D- Croup. 
Bai /<4 1^ n. A gag: — wofukumatei-Uf to gag. 
Ba-i /< '1 t%^ u. a horse doctor. 
Bai /<^ ^ (ume) n. The plum. 
Bai /< >f fg- Double ; twice as much : bai nisuru, 

to double; bai ni nam, to be doubled; nt- 

sobai, twice as much ; ian-sobai, three times 

as much ; hito ichi — ni shir era, to be known 

twice as much as other men. 
BAi,-An /< 7 t.v. (coll.) To snatch, seize ; i.q. 

ubai. 
Bai-ai,-au /^hfy 1^^ i-q- (cont. of tiftrtt-ai) 

To snatch from one another : hana wo tagai 

ni bai-au. 
Bai-bai /<^ j^4 Jt JT n. Buying and selling; 

trade ; traffic ; commerce : bai bai sum, to buy 

and Bell, to trade ; kono shiiia wa bai-bai mono 

ni gozaimasen, this is not an article of trade. 
Syn. ubi-kai, akinai, sh5-bai. 
Baiboku /^>fjjf^ jt b "• Fortune- telling ;. 

soothsaying : baiboku sum, to tell fortunes ; 

baiboku ska, a fortune-teller. 
Syn. uRANAi. 
Baidoku /<>f ^ ^ {R$ n. Syphilis. 

Syn. RASA, soitoKi}. 
Bai* JO y<^ -Ta ^ ic (mi vo uru onna) n, Ap 

harlot. 
Syn. AsoBiMi. 
Bai-j5 /< '^ ^ 9 "fy f$ ^ n. One who rid6» 

with another in the same carriage; aooompany- 

ing one in riding. 



BAI 



84 



BAK 



BauO X ^ i^ a. ^ 7^ #^ n. The attendants or 

retinae of a high officer. 
Bai-kai /'C >f ^ >f ^ -^ n. A go-between, 

middle-iuan, rnatcli-maker. Syn. nakaudo. 
Baikenjo ^<^ in^^^i; 9^7^ T^' A deed 

of sale : bai-heujo wo tori yari surut to give 

and receive a deed of sale. 
Baiki /^^ 4" St it (kasahe) n. The feelings 

or 83'mptoms of ftyphilis. 
Bai-kwa ?< ^ 9 V }$}£ (nme no hana) n. 

Plum-blossom. 
Baikyo /< >f + 3 t^5^ (kazoe ageru) — niru, 

to enumerate, number, mention one by one : 

— mm ni itoma arazu, 
Baimashi 7^>f V s^ fp ^8 I)oubled in quantity: 

baimashi ni sunt^ to increase by doubling the 

quantity ; to increase in geometrical progres- 
sion. 
Ba-imo /^>f % n. A species of lily, Fritillaria 

thumbergii. 
Bainin />? >f ^ V ^ a («n* hito) n. The 

seller ; a merchant ; an expert. 
Bairi /^ >f 9 ^ jfi] n. The profit on the sale 

of goods. 
Bai-seki-han-ji /^ >f -ij ^ -'n 5^ s? fg ;S5 ^iJ 3^ n. 

An associate judc:e. 
Baisen /*>r-!sv ^t^ (akinai-bune) n. Mer- 
chant ship ; also a ship for sale. 
Baishaku /C >f j^ -v i' ^ iK; n. Acting as a 

go-between ; match-making : — wo sum 

Syn. NAKADACHI, NAEAXTDO. 

Baisi»ku-nin /^vfs^-v^nv iftiIjA n. A 
go-between ; middle-man ; a match-maker. 

Syn. NAKAUDO. 

Bai-shin />?>f3^yfg^n. A vassal of a feu- 
datory ; a rear-vassal. 

Baishin-kwan ^\'>f 5^v^ !7i^fp|p'?n. A jury. 

Bai-bho /< >f S^ 3 iJt l^flif "• Indemnity; 
compensation : — suru^ to indemnify. 
Syn. T8U0UNAU. 

Bai-shoku ^<>f 5^ 3 ^ Fp 'fef — *«"*! *o partake 
of food with a superior. 

Baishu />?>f i^^ n. A kind of sweet liquor. 

Bai-s© ''^^X!> f^ ®[ n. (math.) A factor, 
multiple. 

Baita /<^ jt 5^^ n. A street- walker ; also a 
hired woman ; a servant of the lowest grade. 

Baitokd ^<>f h ^ If # n- Profit from trad- 
ing : baitoku sum, to make money by selling. 
Syn. uoKS, baibi. 

Baitori-gachi /<b h V iff- ^^JRffi n. Scram- 
bling for anything ; to get all one can : — ni 
turn, to scramble and get the most. 

Syn. TORIHODAI. 

Bai-u j<>f i; ^ ^ The June rains. 
Syn. TSUYU, nyubai. 

Baiyaku /<>f-V^ If fig (urigusuri) (coll.) A 
nostrum, quack or patent medicine ; medicines 
kept for sale by a merchant : baiyaku mite, a 
shop where qnask medicines are sold ; baiyaku 
wo aei-tum, to compound patent or quack 
medicines. 

BajSzutsu /^ s? -V ^ 5^ J' .11 JkJS **• A. carbine. 

Bajutsu /< I? :x y »|^ (ft n. Horsemanship ; 
equestrian feats. 



Baxa /<fj ^^ n. (coll.) A fool, dance, bloek- 
head ; a kiua of clam : baka wo tu, to talk 
nonsense ; baka wo sum, to act as a fool ; 
baka ni tsukem kuturi wa nai, there is no 
medicine for a fool ; ni — «tiru, to hoax, make 
fun of, befool. 

.Syn. TAWAKE, AHO. 

Bakabakashii,-ki ^< a /< fj i^ ^ iS Silt adj, 
(coll.) Like a fool ; stupid ; foolish ; useless. 

Bakabakashiku /^fj /<ij >> ^ adv. Extremely ; 
exceedingly; unreasonably: — nagai, yeij 
long. 

Baka-bayashi ^< -^ /< -y i^ n. The music of 
drum, fife, and cymbals performed on a dashi 
at a festival. 

Bakage,-eu /<^^a^ i.v. To be foolish, silly, 
nonsensical: bakageta hito; bakageta koto wo 
in monoja nai. 

Bakara8hii,-ki-ku /<fj ^ 9^^ adj. (coll.) Fool- 
ish ; like a dunce ; silly. 

Baka-na ^<^-^ adj. Foolish; stupid. 

Bakabi /<ij >; If adv. Only; about; more or 
less ; just as ; as ; to the degree, extent, or 
measure of : hi tori bakari, only one person ; 
hyaku nin bakari, about a hundred persons ; 
soto ni deta bakari, just as he went out ; thiro 
wo deta bakari nite teppo ni ataru, he waa 
shot just as he left the castle ; yaniai — ttw 
raki mono wa na»hi, there is nothing so die- 
agreeable as sickness; hito 7io naki ato — 
kanashiki wa nashi ; kokdro — no miage, a 
present only to express one's good will. 
Syn. HODO, NOMi. 

Bakasabe,-ru /<ij-^uA^ p&as. of bakatu. To 
be bewitched, deluded, fascinated, hoaxed. 

Baka8hi,-8U /<fjyf,f^ t.T. To cheat, delude ; 

to bewitch, befool, hoax : kitsune onna no fca- 

tachi ni bakete hito wo bakasu, the fox assom- 

ing the appearance of a woman deludes people. 

Syn. HAYOWASU, tabubakasu, uadowasu, da.- 

MASU. 

Bake /^^ {b n> Transformation; deception; 

fraud; imposition: bake ga arawareta, be 

shows the cloven foot ; the deception is made 

to appear. 
Bake,-bu /^^ji' \Yt !•▼• To be transformed, 

metamorphosed, changed into another form ; 

used generally of the fox, or cat : neko ga baba 

ni bakeru, the cat is transformed into an old 

woman. 

Syn. HENZUBU, eawaru. 

Bakemono y<^*>? {b# n. An apparition, 
spectre ; a ghost or something into which a fox 
or badger has transformed itself in order to 
bewitch people : bake mono ga deta ; — ni 
aimashita ; — yashiki, a haunted house. 

Syn. HENOE MONO, KWAIBUTSU. 

Bakenjo /<^ i^5? 3 MjJLfJfr («»»*« ^0 miru to- 
koro) n. (coll.) The stand from which to 
look at horses running ; the grand stand. 

Baxein /<y ^s^ ^^ n. Fine; mulct; penal^ 
in money : — wo toru, to fine. 

Bakko /^y zi JR -S — *""*» *o *<5* rudely, ia a 
self-willed, or insubordinate manner. 

Syn. JIMAN, fiOSfiUMAMA NI 8UBU. 



BAK 



85 



BAN 



Baxkuk >^ 5r ^ V S 1^ — no. Preeminent ; 
transcendent ; sarpassing others : — no Ugara. 

Syn. NCKINDETARU, MENITAT8, HIIDETAIIU. 

Baku ^<9 ^ (mugi) n. Wheat; barley: — 

«A», spirits made of barley ; beer ; ale. 
Baku /^C^ }$ n. A tapir, an animal said to 

swallow bad dreams and make them to be 

good. ^ 
Baku *< ^ ^ (thiharu) — turu, to bind, tie 

np : ma wo — , to bind evil spirits. 
Bakuchi ?<p'f' |# ^ n. Gambling : hakuchi 

wo utsu, to gamble ; — ka, & gambler. 
BAKrcHisu /'C^f-^ M-^ "• Fire-crackers. 
Baeuchi-uchi ^'f^f-^f- tf^^T ^' A gambler. 
Bakuchi-tado /^^f*-Yl^tf^5|Sn. A 

gambling house. 
Baku-eki ,<^Ai^ i#^ »• Gambling: — wo 

turUf to gamble. 
Syn. BAKucHi. 
Baxu-oeki )/<ify^^i$^ {naha ga yoi) — • no, 
Babu-gtaku I intimate, familiar : — no majiwari. 
Baxutu ^<9 y ^ij^ n, A waterfall, cataract. 

Syn. TAKi. 
Baettpu *< 9 y St ;|^ n. The ShSgun, or 

Taikim's government. 
Baeu-han y^ ^ ^n i' ^ gc n. A kind of food 

made of rice and wheat. 
Baeu-retsu-yaeu *< i^ \^ y *^ 9 jRf?IS^" 

Dynamite. 
Baeubo j< 9 ^ 1; ^^ Ti, A horae-jockey ; 

a dealer in horses : — zuru. 
Baxushu f< 9 ^ =3. ^^n. Beer made from 

barley. 
Basutai f<9^A 31^ Immense ; enormons ; 

very great ; vast : bcikutai na mono-tn', great 

expenditure ; bakutai ni, adv., extremely. 
Syn. taeu-san, gyosan, kodai. 
Basuto y<9 9-fy ^r^ {jnugi-yu) n. An infu- 
sion of parched barley. 
Baxu-zsn ^<9'^i^^^f^'. ObBCure; ambiguous; 

equivocal : — taru aisattu, 

Syn. BATTO. MAOIBAWASHn. 

Bambi K V If $ ig n. The day on which one 

is on duty, watch or guard. 
BAacBU-BUTo y^3^-f\ 9-^ 3K ^ S^ ^ n- One 

who is not afraid of, or is a match for, ten 

thousand men. 
Bakkin -^< V 5 i^ 35 ^ (yorozu no tami) n. 

All people ; people generally. 
Bax-motsu or Bam-butsxj /<i^^y 3{ # (yoro- 
zu no mono) n. All things. 
Bahpaeu ^<V/^^ fiS n* Barbarian. 

Syn. iTEEi 
Bakpex X5^^>f $j^ n. A sentry, guard, 

sentinel. 
BAXpa ^^ 5^ df iJ' 31 ^ n. Everywhere ; all 

quarters. 
Ban >^ 5^ is n. A kind of snipe or Moor-hen, 

Gallinula chloropus. 
Bait ^<?5^ j| n. A block, checkor-table. 
Bam /^ 2^ )|^ n. Evening ; night : kon-ban, this 

evening ; cua ban, morning and evening ; saku 

— , last night ; myo — , to-morrow night. 
Bah /< ^ K (yorozu,) (also pronounced man) 

Ten thousand ; all. 



Ban /^ i^ § n. A guard, watch, turn, duty ; 
the ordinal suffix to numbers : ttuzuke — , on 
constant duty ; — ni agaru, to go on duty ; 
ban wo surti, to keep watch ; ban shite tn/, 
keeping watch : mon-ban, a gate-keeper ; ichU 
&a», number one ; the first; iehi-ban m<;, the 
first one ; ni-ban, the second ; ikuban, oz 
nam-ban, what number? ^> ni ataru, to come 
one's turn to be on duty. 

fBAN A< i^ ^ n. A term formerly applied to 
Europeans in contempt: — gaku, foreign 
learning ; — go, foreign language ; — zho, 
foreign books. 

Banban y^j^y^v 31 3J Ten thousand times ten 
thousand ; very many : ban-ban medetaku zon- 
jimasuru, you are very happy. 

Bancha ^>? V f- -V # ^ n. An inferior kind of tea. 

Bandai y'? V ^ >f ^ ^^ n. A substitute in 
official, police, or watch duty: bandai wo 

* tanomu, to find a substitute. 

Syn. BANOAWABI. 

Bandai y<v^>f ^^^ n. All generations ; all 

the dynasties ; forever : — fu-eki, unalterable, 

everlasting. 
Bandai ,^i^^^ # |t ^- A high place in a 

bath-house on which the person sits who 

watches and receives the pay. 
Bandai-zuba y^ i^ it ^ */ y JSJ'^o- A 

round, flat face. 
Ban-date, /^i/^f- #^ n. Numerical order, 

ban-date shite oka, place in numerical order. 
Bando /"? V i^ t' ^ j^ n. AU the provinces on 

the Tokaido east of Osaka were anciently so 

called. 
Bane ^<^ n. The spring of a wagon. 
Ban-oaku ^< s^ -^ 9 ^ip (otoku manabu). 

Learning late in life. 
iBAN-GASHiBA jO'ifi^y #515 D- A captaiu, 

or chief of a guard, or watch. 
Ban-oawabi ^>?5^a'>'>9 #1^ n. A substitute 

in office or in watch duty : bangawariwo turn, 

to act as a substitute. 
Ban-gi ?^ ^ Af |^:jc n. Two blocks of wood 

struck together by watchmen in going their 

rounds, or to give the alarm in fires. 
Syn. HToeHiGi. 
Banco /<^ifi!^^^ n. The number : — wo t«u- 

keru, to affix a number. 
Ban-goya /'fvzf-V # ;h g n. A watch-box. 
Banowai y'? s/' / !7 >f # ^ n. Outside of the 

proper number ; an honorary member. 
Ban-i /^v>f 9^ n. (ebim) Barbarians; a 

term formerly applied to Western nations. 
Banjabu /'CvsJ'V^jg^^n. A large rock ; a 

bowlder ; the heavy weight of a trap. 
Banji /< 3^ 3$ 3( $ (yorozu no koto). Every 

thing, every kiud of affair whatever : — wa 

mina yume no gotoshi. 
Banjo ^^vsJgijr f^^ n. The rule of ten 

thousand chariots ; the Emperor. 
Banjo >< i^ ^ -^ -f; 38 ^ (yoro^i* no kataeht) 

Many and various forms ; multiform ; multi- 

farious : sen-tai — . 
Banea /^i^i] ^£ 12* i^tzu no owari) Tha 

6th month, or last moutn of summer (o.o.). 



BAN 

Banza ?< i^ fj ^^ An elegy, or song of 

lamentation ; a uirge. 
Bamsei /<i^iryf Ji^^ n. Evening. 
Bakko /^ V 3 3( -jr {yorozu yo) n. Always ; 

perpetual; ever. 

Syn. FT7-EKI. 

Bankoku ^<^n^ j(B {yorozu no kuni) n. All 

countries ; aU natious. 
Banxoku-kohO /^ s/- 3 ^ 3 i> /n 7 JK B ^ *^ °* 

International law ; law of nations. 
Ban-nbn /C s^ ^ V Jft fp (toshiyori) n. Old 

age. 
Bannin j^ i0^ ^ ^ # A (mamoni Mfo) n. A 

gunrd, wntchman. keeper. 
Bannin ,^3^^i^ ^ A {yorozu no hito) n. All 

people, all men. 
Banryo y^ V >; 3 ^\i {tomo} n. Companion. 

SyO. NAKAMA, TOMODACHI. 

BanbtO /^d^ 9 g ^ H^ll "• A kind of lizzard. 
Ban-saoari /< ^ -f if *) n. Going off duty*; 

leaving one*s watch. 
Banssi /^ V -tr ^ K # {yorozu yo) n. All ages ; 

all generntious : — fnbatsu, everlasting. 
Banseki ,0^s^ &^ ii* A slate. 

SyU. SEKIBAN. 

Banshi, or BansuO /C v ^> i> ^j^ |{| n. A guard, 

or watch. 
Banbho /^ V ^ 9 # ^/r n. A guard-house, 

watch-house, police station : — wo Itanareru, 

to leave a gunrd-honse. 
Bansho ^<i^i^ 9 JCIK {yorozu no koto) n. Every 

matter ; all kind of affairs or events. 
Bansh5 /<i^ 1^9 ^ #1 n. Pepper. 

Syn. KusHo. 
Bansho ?< s/ i^-y t^ ^ ]^ n, A carpenter. 

Syn. DAIKU, TASUMI. 

Banshoku /<^i^ n ^ i^it (^^^^"^ '"' ^^) ^' 
Eating in company with others. 
Syn. sh5ban. 

Banshu /^ V i^ ^ J^ $!: (aki no owari) The 9th 
month, or last month of autumn (o.c). 

Banshun ^<^i^^i/ ft#- {haru no owari) n. 
The 3rd month, or last month of spring (o.c). 

Bans5 ^<i^y P #f!lf n* ^^^ assistant of a 
Buddhist priest. 

Bantan /O^^v m^ n« Everything; every 
particular. 

Bantaro /O'Si^tf #>J;Sp n. (coll.) An in- 
ferior street watchman, who is generally an 
eta, 

Banto y^v h i> Jf^^ (fuyu no owari). The 
12th mouth, or laRt month of winter (o.c). 

Bant6 y^ V > ^ ^%S TOL. A clerk in a mer- 
cantile house ; a commercial agent, factor, 
servant. 

Bant A XW #S °- The watch-house of the 
jishinban. 

BanyO /^V/f ^ St -fi* {ftrayuru mono) n. All 
things that exist ; tne universe. 

Syn. BAMMOTSt). 

BanyO-shinkyo "^ ^ # ^ n. Pantheism. 

Banzai /^^if^f JH^ (yorozu no tozhi) n. Ten 
thousand years, or forever ; used in salutation 
to the Temhi—houQ live the king t or, king, 
live forever 1 



86 



BAB 



Banzukb /< V ^ ^ 9 fcf n. Affixing a number; 
numbering. 

Banzuke /^ V y ir # ftt n. The programme 
at a theatre, play-biU. 

Bappai /< 7 y< ^ fii S n. The punishment in- 
flicted on the losing party in a game, by mak- 
ing him drink a large quantity of sake : bap- 
pai wo nomazuru, 

Baptesuma ^^rfT^-^ 3fe8l; Vlffi n- (Gr.) 
Baptism: — wo hodokotu^ to administer 
baptism. 

Bara /^9 n. A small iron cash. 

Baba /<? ^ is Mc >^* ^ 'O'BG bush : hara no ha' 
na, a rose ; bara no toge, the thorn of a rose. 

Baba /^9 A plural suffix : wakatanobara, young 
princes ; hyakushd-bara, the farmers. 

Bara-baba /<y/<9 adv. In a scattered man- 
ner ; in a dispersed, separated way ; in pieces, 
or bits ; also, the sound of the falling of things 
scattered, as the pattering of rain, of hah, 
etc.: — to nigerUf to scatter and flee away ; 
— to ehiru, to be scattered about in separate 
dusters ; ame ga — to furu^ there is a slight 
sprinkle of rain ; kami wo — ni zaku^ to tear 

gaper into bits ; oke ga — to kuzureru^ the tub 
as fallen to pieces ; (o;i ga kirereba hon ga — 
ni nartiy when the thread is cut the leaves of 
a book fall to pieces. 
Syn. CHiBi-jiBi. 

Bakagaxi ,^'^ifA^ n. (coll.) Scratching much, 
as by thorns : kenkwa zhite ftoo wo — ni zareta, 
he fought and got his face much scratched. 

Baba-kaki /^ 9 "t ^ n. Sowing broadcast. 

Baba-hon ^^ 9 % s^ If S P^ n. The sect of 
Brahmans : — kyo, Brahmanism. 

Babam ONJiM y^ 9 % ^ s; V n. Salsify. 

Bababi-to /? 9 9 > adv. The sound of tear- 
ing or cutting ; also, separately in pieces : bara^ 
ri'to kirut to cut in two; barari-to oku^ to 
place separately; kami wo barari-to yaburu, 
to tear paper into pieces. 

Baba-sen ^"C 9 -tr V J$ g||L iSI n. Loose money 
not strung together ; a small cash :—Juuhita- 
teni. 

Babashij-su /<? 9 X tv. To break to pieces, 
separate, disperse, or scatter ; to render abor- 
tive or unsuccessful ; to bring to naught ; to 
cause to fail: yunzei wo — , to disperse an 
army ; hon wo — , to break a book to pieces. 

Barashi,-8U /< 9 ^ i.v. (ooll.| To say an 
unlucky word, or that which brings bad luck : 
saru to itte barashita, brought bad luck by say- 
ing zaru. 

Barazaxi ^^ 9 -9^ ^ n. (ooU.) Tearing into 
pieces : kimono wo — ni zuru. 

Barb,-bu ^< u a* i.y. To fall to pieces ; to be 
scattered ; to be abortive ; to fail, be unsuccess- 
ful or ineffectual; to come to naught: eddan 
ga — , the conference was a failure. 

Ba-reei-jin /<w ^ s^3^ .1& 41 # The god of 
horses and stables. 

Baren /^ w V f^ j£ n. A large and long fringe 
used as a banner. 

Babi /C 9 ^ u. The urine. 
Syn. shObsh. 



BAR 87 

Bari /< 9 II V (jionoihirn) ^— suru^ to revile, 
Tilifj, calumniate, abuse. 

Bariei W 9 * .1^ ^ u. Horse-power. 

Basa-basa. /< -^ ^< -f adv. Dry ; not soft and 
pliable ; tbe sound of a fan. 

Basake,-bu /^ -y* ^ a. i.v. To be idle ; to 
saunter idly about ; to loaf about. 

Basakk,-ru ^<-f^^ t.v. To scatter about in 
confusion ; to put in disorder, dishevel. 

Basara ^<-f '^ — nif adv. The sound of any- 
thing Bhidcing or rustling in the wind. 

Basat8Uki,-ku /^-f y 9 i.v. Dry to the feel ; 
not soft, moist or oily. 

Baseki ,<^-^ %M ^' Place; room; unoc- 
cupied space. 

Syn. BA8H0, TOKORO. 

Basen /^-te £>' .B^ fl n. The back part of a 

saddle. 
Basha ^C v' -Y .1^ $ n. A wagon, carriage ; 

any vehicle drawn by a horse : ippihidachi no 

— , a one-horse carriage ; ni-hiki-daehi no — , 

a two-horse carriage. 
Bashakx; >< i^ y 9 ^ ^ n. An office where 

horses are hired ; a hvery stable. 
Bashi 7^^ a euphonic piurticle of no meaning : 

yudan bashi ni shitamo na, donH be negligent ; 

yudan shite hito ni bashi ubatoare na^ let no 

one seize it through carelessness. 
Basbo ,<^^ ij^fjff n. A place. 

Syn. BA, TOKOBO. 

Bash5 ^< ^ ^ £ )l( n- The banana, or 

plantain. 
Bash6fu ^^■tri> y K3S# A kind of cloth 

made of the bark of the plantain. 
Bassbu ^^y i^zL fj Sg n. Wine forfeited in 

losing a game. 
Bas&abb,-bu 7< y "^ w a* pass, of batsu^ to be 

pnniahed. 
Ba88abi-to ^< y -f ^ adv. The noise made by 

anything soft in falling, as a mat, book, etc. 
Basbatsu ,<yfy fS :fL n. The accusation, 

or paper on which the crime of a person to be 

executed is written. 
Syn. ZAi-j5-aAKi. 
Bassbkx ^< y ^s ^ H^ Hf ^ The lowest 

seat. 
Basshi ^< y j^ ^ ^ (*M« no ho) n The 

youngest child. 
Syn. OTOoo, suexo. 
Basshi, Bassubu /<y :x, a^ ^ t.v. To punish. 

Syn. TBUMI-BUBU. KEIBATSU-SUBU. 

BAssBd *<y -^y )S *^ (artiki viawaru) — sum, 
to go about, travel about. 

Syn. ESMBGURU. 

Basson ^^yyb^ ^|g[ n. A descendant ; the 
posterity. 

Syn. BBISON, BATBU-TO. 

Babsui ^^ 7 X ^ ^if- {nuki-atsumeni) n. 
Things which are preeminent ; extracts : — 
suTHf to make and collect extracts, as from 
books. 

Bata ^<^ (Eng-; n. Butter. 

Bata-bata /< fi /< St adv. The sound of the 
flapping of the wings of a bird flying, of the 
feel nuining, or the sound of flat things strik- 



BEI 



ing, or falling in rapid succession : bata-bata 
to Jiabataki wo sum ; korera de hito ga bata- 
bata to shinuru, people die of cholera in rapid 
succession. 

Batei /< T ^ lE JBJ {uma no hizume) n. A 
horse's hoof. 

fBATEREN /^T y^>' i^^M^- The Portuguese 
word * padre,' formerly applied by the Japan- 
ese to the Boman Catholic priests. 

Batsu /i y ^ The addenda or writing at the 
end of a book. 

Batsu ^^ is' {^ n. Punishment : ten no batsu, 
punishment of heaven ; batsu wo komuru^ to 
be punished. 

BatsubyS /< y \! ■'ir if H^ {ikari wo ageru) 
— surUf to weigh anchor. 

Batsugin /<y ^i^ l^j^ n. A fine or penalty 
in money ; damages ; forfeit money. 

Syn. BAKKIN. 

Batsu-in ^^ J' >f V 5JC /ft n- A descendant. 

Syn. SUE, BBI60N. 

Batsu-etsu ,<yjcy mg (iegara) — «o, ol 
good family, respectabh' family. 

Batsuto /< y ^ y H^^ u. A descendant, 
posterity : Tokvgawa ke leyasu no — nari, 

Batbuza j^y^ p^M ^' The lowest seat. 
Syn. babbeki. 

Batta /^ 7 jT S ^ n. A grasshopper. 

Battabi-to /^ y St ^ y adv. The same as 
bata-bata : to wo battari to shimerut to slam 
the door shut. 

Batteki ,^y^^ iJSia (kito wo nukiage mo- 
chiiru) — sum, to choose one from amongst 
the people and appoint him to office. 

Batto /< 9 h H adv. Wide or extended and 
empty, as a wide plain, or the sea; vague; 
indefinite : — shite int. 

Batto K 7 h Sudden opening out, or bursting 
into view : hi wa batto vioetatsu^ the fire sud- 
denly burst out ; hana wa batto hirakut the 
flower suddenly burst open. 

Bata ^c-v A verbal suffix, expressing desire, 
intention=tai of the colloquial: o$hie wo ukete 
hito to narabaya^ by receiving instruction 
would become a man ; mida wo tanonde hotoke 
ni narabayaj let us worship Amida so that we 
may become a Buddha ; jigai sebaya to omoit 
thought he would kill himself. 

Batai /^-V -f see ba-ai, 

Bazu /^ "/ ,1^ jK n. A horse's hoof, the homy 
part used for making imitation tortoise-shell. 

IBe ^ n. A pot, or earthen vessel, used only 
in comp. words, as iwaibe. 

Bebe ^<< n. A child's clothes (children's lan- 
guage) : bebe wo kiseru, to dress a child. 

Becba-kucha ^f--V^f-"V adv. Used only in 
such phrases as, — to shaberu^ to talk much 
and tediously ; to be garrulous. 

fBECBi ^f- ^i] i.q. hetsu. 

Bei ^ >f Same as behi (a provincialism). 

Bei -<>f ^ n. {kome) Rice. 

Beikoku .<>f 3 ^ ^ S n. America. 

Beikoku ^-f 3^ ^R n. Rice and cereals. 

jBeizO ^^ z^tf n. A follower or attendant of 
a noble ; also a musician of a miya. 



fi^SE 



98 



BEN 



tBaxAMSBU ^ jQr > A/ (oont. of heku arimeni) 
= coll. aru de aro, i 

Bekarazu, or Bekabazaru ^ij ^ yC ^"^ neg. 
of beki. Must not ; should not ; may not ; 
cannot: mu-yd no mono iru hekaratUj no 
admittance except on business ; itasu bekara- 
zaru koto, a thing that should not be done. 

BEXi,-Kt7-8Hi <^^ "^ An auzilliary verb, hav- 
ing the sense of would, should, could, ought, 
must, may, can, shall, will ; beahi is used also 
as an imperative : itcuubeki koto^ a thing that 
should be done; toatakushi no kamau beki 
koto de wa nai, it is not a thing that I should 
interfere or meddle with ; nanibeku wa oite 
kudaaare^ if possible let it be as it is ; ono-ono 
zonji-yori wo tu beshi^ let each say what he 
thinks ; nikumu beki hito, a detestable person. 

Bessako or Bbkako ^y li zt n. Pulling down 
the lower eye-lid in je8ting=" No you don't ;" 
putting the finger to the nose : — wo sum. 

Bekkaku ^yfj^^]^^!^. A different rule ; 
an exception; not included in the rule; 
excluded ; excepted : bekkaku wo motte moMhi- 
tntkerut to order according to a different rule ; 
kodomo wo bekkaku ni shite kanuitcanai, chil- 
dren being excepted it matters not ; onna to 
nagaaode wa nanigoto mo bekkaku, women and 
those that wear long sleeves (doctors and 
priests) are at all times excepted. 

Syn. KAKUDAN, KAKUBETSU. 

Beekb '^ y ir ^]f^ (wakare no ie) n. A 
separate house or family, branch houfie; 
separating from the family and going to house- 
keeping for oue*8 self, as a younger son : bekke 
wozuru; bekke eateru; bekke yori lion-ke wo 
ttvgu. 
Syn. BUNKE. 

Bsxko ^y ijy K V «• Tortoise-shell. 

Bekeon ^y zi >^ ^1 ^ Especially dear ; par- 
ticularly intimate : bekkon no aidagara, a 
particularly dear relationship. 

Bekkwa -< y ^ V ^'l )k t^' a separate fire 
kindled apart from others to prevent defile- 
ment, as when persons are engaged in religious 
duty. 

Bsmbbn ^y^s^ g^T^ adv. (coll.) Dilatorily; 
procrastinating ; tardily ; slow ; idly ; vacantly : 
bemben to nani «/ii«« iru, why have you been 
so slow ? bemben to ihite wa iraremai^ it will 
not do to procrastinate, or to be idle ; — to 
matsu ; — to hi wo kurasu, 

Bembbtsu ^i^^y # ^J n. Discrimination: 
— surUt to di serin in ate, distinguish. 

Syn. WAKERI7, "WAKIMAERU, SATORU. 

Bemmaku ^i^-r ^ 1^ lift n« (med.) Valves of 

the heart. 
Bemmei-sho .<vj»^5^3 ^H^fr «• Geg.) A 

written explanation. 
Bempaku ^ V /< ^ ^ St - -• «Mn«, to deny, 

contradict, oppose, controvert, dispute. 
Bempatsu ^y^^<y K^ || n. The Chinese cue. 
Bbmpei << 3^ ^ >f "g^ Bfl n. Obstruction of 

either fecal or urinary discharge : daibempei, 

eonstipation of bowels ; shd-bempeif retention 

of urine. 



Beupi .<vb* S$)& n* (med.) Constipation. 
Ben '<s>' ff n. The petals of a flower; divisions 

of an orange or melon : sam ben, three petals ; 

roku ben, six petals. 
Ben •^ 3^ ^ n. Fluency in talking ; eloquence : 

ben no yoi hito ; ben ga warui ; ben ni makashite 

fama-zama ni tusumeru, persuading with all 

his eloquence. 
Ben .-^v U n. A whip. 

Syn. MucHi. 
Benchaba ^ V f" -Y 9 n. (coll.) Eloquence or 

clever at talking, so as to dupe others : — no 

ii hito. 
Ben-doku '<vi^^'gS$n. A bubo. 

Syn. TOKONE. 
Benoo ^i^zf ^^— iuru, to advocate; to 

plead or manage the cause of another : — fttn, 

an advocate. 
Beni ^d ^1^ n. Bouge ; the saffron plant : 

beni no liana, the saffron flower ; beni wo tau- 

kern, to rouge. 
Benik5 ^iij{ri> n. Carmine. 
Beni-bashi-yubi ^-•!hs^atfat^JSn. The 

ring-finger. 
Benizaba ^^•^'^ ^ ;^n. The saucer in 

which rouge is kept. 
Benizohe ^i£,*/jf ^3^- Dyeing in red : — nt 

$uru. 
Benji,-bu, or — zuRU .< 5^ ^ a* <# t.v. 

(1) To discriminate, distinguish : ze ka hi ka 
beiyikanerut it is difficult to distinguish 
whether it is right or wrong. 

(2) ^ To explain, expound ; to do, transact, 
defray : yo wo benjiru, to transact one's 
business. 

Syn. WAKATSU, TOKU. ATRTTKAn. 

Bekke- jiMA ^v^s?-*- # S ^ "• Phvid, ox 
checkered figures in cloth. 

Benketsu ^i^ ir y 'fif jfei "• Bloody discharge 
from the bowel ». 

Benkvo ^i^^-'T'f; ^$g {tmtome) Industry; 
diligence : — aura, to be industrious, studious, 
diligent. 

Benkwan •^j^^!7*' ^'^n. The executive 
department of the supreme council of state 
or daijokwan, consisting of seven members, 
called aa-dai'ben, u-dai-bent aa-ehH-ben, u-chu- 
ben, aa-aho-bent n-ahn-ben, and gom-ben, 

Bennei ^ i' Jf. >f # f§ (hetaurai) Flattery, 
adulation : bennri nnru hito. 

Benri ^ V 9 'ffi f"! n. Convenience ; com- 
modiousness ; adapted to use : benri ga yoi^ 
convenient, well adapted to use; benri ga 
warui or fuhenri, inconvenient. 
Syn. TsuGo. 

Benri << 3^ 9 # ^ n. Transaction; acting ; 
managing ; (7tmi4 iro — *iiru, to transact affairs. 

Bbnron .^vnv^fl^n. A discussion, argu- 
ment, contention : — aurn, to discuss, argue, 
debate, dispute. 
Syn giron. 

Benbha .^i^ a^ -V ^ y^ n. An eloquent person 5 
one fluent aud ^ood at talking. 

Benshi ^i^ i^ ^-i: n. A speaker ; one who 
makes an address ; an orator. 



BEN i 

DxxsBo ^vs^9 Sj^ n. A privy. 

Syn. CHozuBA. 
Bektatbu << ^ Ji y |R |if — ntrut to whip, 

Boourge, as a criminal. 
Bekto ^ V ^ i> ^ ^ n. A small box for 

carrying boiled rice ; also, the food contained 

in the box : — wo motsu ; — wo isukau, 
BxKZAiTEN -<v-9->rTs^#It^n. . The 

name of a Bnddhist idol, the goddess of 

wealth. 
Besebtsu ^ V -tf 5^ ^ ^ n. Fluency and 

cleverness at talking ; eloquence : — mizu no 

nagarurn ga gotoshi. ^ 

Bekzueu ^i>^^^ See henji, 
Beppax ^ 7 y^ >f Jft]^ {wakare no sakazuki) n. 

An entertainment given by one who is going 

away : — wo kumi-kawcuitf a farewell dinner. 
Beppin ^ j' b* V ;?!] ^ n. Anything especially 

fine in quality, or handsome. 
Beppuku ^y •f^'^lJSSi n, A difFerent mother, 

but the same father ; step-children. 
Beeab5 ^ 9 4^ ^ n. (vulg. coll.) A fool ; an 

idler, rascal : — me ; — yard, 
f Bebanari -< 5 '^ 9 i-q. bekinari. 
Bbso ^7 (coll.) The appearance of the faoe 

when abont to cry : beso kaku, id. 
Bbsshi ^ 7 s^ ^] I^ {hetiu no kami) n. Another 

paper ; a different or separate sheet of paper ; 

an enclosare ; an accompanying document. 
Bbsbhin ^ 7 i^ V ^i] iC? {betsu no kokoro). 

Another, different, or divided mind ; alienation 

of heart : benhin uaku, with an undivided 

mind ; without reserve. 
Bbsshite ^ y i^ T ^] ^ adv. Especially, 

particularly : kaze ga aru kara beashite hi no 

moto yo'jin nhirot as it is windy be especially 

careful of fire. 

Syn. WAKETE, KAKUBETSU NI, KOTO NI. 

BxssBo ^ y i^ m ^] fft {hoka no tokoro). 
Another, differf'nt, or separate place. 

Besso ^y y ij; J^]^ n. A pleasure-house ; a 
summer-houffp. villa. 

Bessu ^ !/ :^ Ht -^ n. A shoi-t sock or stock- 
ing without an extra sole, only worn with a 
shoe. 

Beta-beta ^Sf^fi adv. Sticky; gluey; ad- 
hesive ; glutinous ; viscid ; coquettishly : tiori 
ga beta-beta tsuku, the gum is sticky ; — 
siiru, to act coquettishly. 

BxTA-icHiKEN ^ if >f f* j» V n. All ovcr with- 
out intervals ; completely ; entirely : ario hito 
no kao wa — ni abata ga aru, that man's farce 
is completely covered with the marks of small- 
pox. 

Bbtat8UKI,-ku ^ 9 y 9 i.v. To be sticky, 
adhesive, glntinouff; to stick; to be coquet- 
tish. 

Beto-beto ^ > ^ > adv. Sticky ; adhesively ; 
glutinously. 

Betsu ^y J^\ {)\oka) n. Separation; distinc- 
tion; difference: — no, adj. Another; differ- 
ent; separate; — ni, adv. Separately ; — no 
Atto, another person; btttu wo tatsurut to 
make a distinction. 
8yD. TO, ta, wakabs. 



9 BI_ 

Bbtsubaba -< y /^ ^ ^J IS °' Having tht 
same father but different mother : — 710 ky5- 
daif half-brothers. 

Betsu-bbtsu NI ^ 7 ^ :? ^ adv. Separately; 
apart ; asunder : betsu-beisu ni ^vrUt to sepa- 
rate, put apart. 

Bbtstjdan ^yjtz^ J?*j S ^' A different case, 
different affair, another matter ; different from 
others ; separate ; distinct : special ; exceptional ; 
particular : kore wa — m ageru, give this over 
and above ; — nt, particularly, specially. 
Syn. xabubbtsu. 

Betsuoi -^y ^ ^} a {hoka no koto). Differen 
or another matter ; objection ; special, besides, 
unusual : — here naku soro^ have nothing 
special, or unusual (to say) ; — de wa itot, 
nothing different; — wo rndsu-majit I will 
make no objection ; nothing else to say. 

Betstti ^ y ^ :^]^ n. Other or different 
intention or opiiiion ; especial, strange, differ- 
ent from what is common : — zara ni tui«A{, 
no difference of opinion. 

Betsu Ji ^ 7 s? ^] 4^ {hoka no koto). Something 
else ; another, or different matter. 

Betsu JO ^y-^tf ^J IS Different matter; any- 
thing special, unusual or exceptional: /roite 
yamai wa inoehi ni wa — ga nai, this disease 
will not endanger life ; — kore naku $dro (ia 
letters), there is nothing unusual = all are 
quite well. 

Bbtsujo ^y ^n )S ^ — *^^^* ^^ make light 
of, slight; show contempt for. 
Syn. kabokzubu, naigashibo ni bueu, sst- 
betsu subu. 

Betsumyo ^y \'^'t; ;?•] |? (hoka no na) n. k 
different name ; an alias. 

Betsubi ^y ^) JJ^iJ M °' (voakare) Parting; 
separation. 

Bbtsutee ^y ^'i if.^ n. A descendant. 

Bbttaku >^y St if ^J ^ {hoka no ie). A separate 
or different house : ~ «urti, to live in a house 
separate from the principal family. 

Bbttabi-to -^y Ji V h adv. Sticking fast to ; ap- 
plied close against : — tsuku, to stick fast to \dai 
ni — yori-ka kartt, to lean tight against the table. 

Betto ^ y if i^ ^^ n. The title of the 
government superintendent of schools; for* 
merly a title of the Shogun. 

BbttO -< 7 ^ ^ ^0 Iff ii» A. hostler, groom, 
Syn. xucri-tobi. 

Beu ^ f; See byo 

Bi t^ II n. or adj. (umathi^ yoihi, uruxoailU^ 
utMukushi : used only in comp.). Beautiful; 
elegant; fine ; nice; good; delicious; pleasant ; 
excellent : — na mono, a beautiful thing ; — 
too kiwamerUf to be most beautiful ; bi-fu, — 
^ a beautiful woman ; bi-fuku, — flJH fine 
clothes ; bi-gyoku^ — ^ a precious stone ; 6t- 
nan^ — pj ^ handsome man ; 61-jin, — A. • 
handsome woman ; bi-jo, — -^ a beautiful 
woman ; bi-kei, — j|^ beautiful scenery ; frt- 
meiy — ^ a good name ; bi-mi, — ^ delicious 
taste ; bi-sei, — 9 ^ fine voice ; bi-shokut — 
^ beautiful color ; bi-shoku, — ^ delicioof 
food ; bi'So, — ft a good physiognomy. 



BI 



40 



BIB 



^' l^ {ft {chiisakif tukunahi, sukoshi naru: 
used only in comp.). Small ; little in size, 
degree or quantity ; mean ; trifling ; bi-/u, 

— JS, light-wind ; bi-jaku, — Jg weak, delic- 
ate, feeble ; bi-kan, -* ^ sligbt aegree of oold ; 
bi-kdf — Jff to go about in disguise; fti-n'fci, 

— -/y little strength ; bi-shd^ — ^ a smile ; 
bi-u^ — ifj a fine rain ; bi-un, — jg unlucky. 

Bi If j!^ (hikV' Tail ; the numeral used in 
counting fish : saxana iclii bi^ one fish ; — sum 
to go after ; to follow a trail. 

BiBiBi,-BU Xi"^ f^ ^ i.v. To contract, shrink. 

Syn. CHIJIHABTT. 

BiBi8Hii,-Ki>Kn-8Hi ii u* 5^ ^ H HIS: a^j- Beau- 
tiful ; handsome; fine ; splendid : bibishikuyo- 
8vte shuUii-jin sttrit, splendidly caparisoned 
they marched out. 
Syn. uTsuKusHii, uruwashii. 

BiBUN tf 7*i^ tA^ (mat.) n. •' Differential cal- 
culus; — jutsn^ id.; sekibun^ integral calculus. 

BiCHi-BiCHi Iff* Iff* ASiS ^^^* ^ springing, 
jerking, leaping motion, as of a live fish when 
thrown. on the ground : — to luxneni^ to spring 
and leap about, as a fish ; — ikite im ucJii »i, 
whilst yet alive and kicking. 

BichO If f- <r ^ ^ n. My humble desire : — 
wo arawasu, 

BiiDORo }i ^ I* n f>]^ ^ (from the Poi*tugue8e 
word vidrio) n. Glass. 

BioBKi t*y # ^9^ (oi-utsu) — «nrM, to pursue, 
chase (an enemy). 

Bui b* s? $ 9¥ ii* Polypus of the nose. 

BuCoANB }£ipytfif^n. A buckle. 

BiEEo 1/^3 9^f ^' Lame ; a cripple : — wo 
hikUf to walk lame. Syn. CHniBA. 

BiESURi 1/7^9 adv. Startled, as by sudden 
alarm ; surprised, shocked : dtuhi-nuke no ji- 
shin de — shimashitaf startled by the sudden 
shock of an earthquake ; ni aan nen minai 
uchi ni — sum hodo ni o nari da, in the two 
or three years in which I have not seen yon, 
you have changed surprisingly. 

Syn. ODOROKITE, TAUAOBTB. 

BiKu If ^ ^bi: n- (Sanscrit) A bonze, Buddhist 
priest. 

BiKu H ^ n. A kind of wicker basket. 

BiKu-BiKU If ^ if ^ adv. — suruy to start in 
alarm, or in sleep ; to wince ; to jerk, as in a 
fit : moshi ya otte ga kuru ka to — suru, to 
start as if he thought the pursuer had come. 

BiKUNi t* ^ - W: :£ 'E n. (Sanscrit) A Bud. 
nun. 

BiKUTsuKi,-KU }£^ y ^ i.y. To start, jerk, or 
wince involuntarily ; to tremble. 

BiMBEM b* V x« V — to, industriously, diligently. 

Syn. BBNETO SHITE. 

BiM BO \£i^i^7 it^ Poverty ; poor ; destitute : 

— «a, adj. poor ; — ni naru^ to become poor ; 

— nin, a poor man ; — <un», to be poor ; — 
hima-nashi, 

Syn. MAZUSBIKI, hinkyO, kon-kyO. 
BiMBozuBu }i >" /< tf ^ A' )Sl}^^ n. The 

Vitis japonica. 
BiMEi If >» >f ^f(^ {imada akezu). Dawn ; 

before daybreak ; i.q. mi-mei. 



BmoKU b**^ ^ [mayume) n. Eyebrowf 
and eyes : — wo kazaru, to adorn the face. 

Bimt5 \I >t f; (^ ^ — naru, abstruse, recon- 
dite. 
Syn. sniMiTSu, OHTd. 

BiMTo H j^ Beautiful ; — gaku, science of the 
beautiful. lesthetics. 

Bin \£ i^ iff n. The temples ; the hair on the 
temples : — wo ham, to slap a person on the 
temple ; — wo Inki-aguru^ to smooth back the 
hair on the temples ; — no hotnirCt the loose 
hair hanging from the temples. 

Bin If V ^ n. A phial ; a small bottle. 

Bin t* ^ ffi n. Opportunity ; convenient time 
or way : — wo ukagau, to seek for an oppor- 
tunity ; go bin, a future opportunity ; kobin^ 
a fortunate opportunity. 

Syn. TSUiDE, TAYOBi, oni, Tsnod. 

fBiNANSEKi If -h i^-b + n. A hair brunh. 

Binoacho b' V *• ^ i> ^ ilj9 ^ n. A fabulous 
being of the Buddhists, Laving a human form 
covered with feathers, supposed to live in 
Paradise. 

BiNOi b* V :^ -gg ;£ n. Opportunity ; conven- 
ient way or tune ; message; tidings; word: — 
wo chi de katte kudasare, buy it wherever it is 
convenient ; en-ro yue ni — ga mare, because 
it is far, opportunities are seldom. 
Syn. BEMRi, tayori. 

BiNNAxi,-Ku-SHi b*i^-^4* adj. Pitiable; pitiful; 
to be compassionated. 

Syn. AWARENA, FDBIN-NA. 

BiNROJi Ifv9^5? fiKfti^ n- The betel-nnt. 
BiNROKO fK^P'li' *'• Oambir, or Terra japonica. 
BiNSABHi tfv-^-a^ VM A. A hair-pin. 
BiMSEN tf V -b V 'glU^ (tayori bune) u. A ship 
about to sail to the place where one wishes to 

go- 
BiNSHo If y -ij ^ ftit — «"» keen, sharp, t)r 

quick iu discemmuut or uuderstanding 
Syn. BATOKi. 
BiNSooi \£>v.f^ n. Shaving the hair off the 

temples of cliildren. 
BiNTBN If s^-y-V' 5.^ ^' Merciful heaven • — 

ni aakebu ; — ware wo nwareviazn. 
BiNTsuKE If V 5^ y S ?i "• Pomatum, or 

ointment for the hnir. 
BiNZASABA ifvy-9'9 t^ ^ II- A kind of 

dance. 
BiNZEN b* V 4/ >* JPJ ^ — '"ii pitiable ; worthy 

of compassion ; pitiful. 

Syn. AWARE NARU. 

BiRA tf9 n. A handbill, placard, or notice 
posted up : — wo liaru, to post a handbill. 

BiRA-BiRA If 9 If 9 adv. With a waving, flut- 
tering motion (same as hira) : hata ga — 
ugoku, the flag waves ; stuo wo — fuki-ageru, 
to blow up the skirts of a dress. 

BntAN \£^ i^ ft W — <^f '<i ^o be red and son, 
inflamed : kizu ga — zuru, the wound is in- 
flamed. 

Syn. TADARBRU. 

BiRARi-TO if 9 9 V Same as bira bira. 
BiRA-TsuKi,-Eu \£y y ^ i.v. To wave tnd 
flutter, as a flag in the wind. 



BIR 



41 



BOF 



Bi-RBi H JUt {utsithmhii). Beautiful ; elegant ; 
graceful : — na kimono ; — keihiki, 

BiBi-BiBi i; 9 I: 9 adv. Like the sound of 
anything dry tearing or oraoking open ; a 
smarting, griping or pricking pain ; chapped, 
cracked, split : — to warerxi; — takeni ; — 
to itamu. 

BiRrrsasi,-Eu ii 9 5^ ^ i.v. To smart, prick, 
gripe ; to be tan(;lcd, as a thread. 

BiBo t^D^ J^IE <^dj- Indecent; indelicate; 
something of Avliicb one is ashamed to speak ; 
mostly used apologetically : — nagara go-ran 
kudasare, excuse the indelicacy, but please 
look at this (something offensive or unsightly) ; 

— tw fnrmiiai, indecent behavior. 

BiBODo *tf w ^ I* ^ SS ilft n. Velvet : mom — , 

figured velvet : mem — , cotton velvet. 
BisAi \£-^ Jf tatSi ^^^' Minutely; particularly: 

— ni shirtuuy to write down minutely. 

Syn. KOMAKA-NI. KTTWASHIKU. 

BisHo If -is tf Wt^h Little ; minute ; trifling ; 
few. 
Syn. cHusAi, bukunai. 
BiBHo-BisHo t^ s^ 9 If S^ 3 adv. Thoroughly 

wet; drenched. 
BisHo-KUBk \£ir^Sti^ n. (coll.) Getting thor- 
oughly wet, drenched : karada ga — ni narw. 
Biso ^ y jfL H n* The author, inventor, 
originator. 
Syn GWANSO. 
BissHOBi If 7 8^9 9 adv. Thoroughly wet; 

drenched ; — nurerti. 
BnA yf fi ^ n. An iron cash : — iehi mon^ one 

cash; — sen^ id. 
BrrEiKOTsu -^T^ ^^ J^KS'S' n. (med.) The 

coccyx. 
BiTo 1/ V ^ j)L ^ (hana no atama) ii. Tip of 

the nose. 
BiwA ifvN ?Sg n. A lute with four strings: 

— wo hiku, lo play the lute. 
Bre-A \£i\ ^ fc n. The loquat, Eriobotrya 

japonica. 
BxwADON if/Mffv V^^ n. A kind of wind- 
instrument ; pandean pipes ; a syrinx. 
BiWAHosBi If /% ^> ^ v' ?S g vi ^ n. A strolling 

player on the lute. 
BiwA-ucBi if-'N^f'flgtr"* ^ player on 

the lute. 
BiTASu ifir^ MfK (hore-gusuri) n. Aphro- 
disiac medicine. 
Bo i}f i> ^ n. A pole ; a club, stick, bludgeon ; 
a blow with a stick : roku shaku id, a six-foot 
pole ; — too UukaUy to fence with a pole ; ichi- 
bo wo ataerUt to give one a blow (with a rod) ; 
saki bd, the foremost man, where two are car- 
rying with the same pole ; atobo, the hind- 
most man ; — wo hiku, to draw a line across ; 
to erase. 
Bo nf^ ^ n, A bat. 
Bo 7)f i> 2^ n. A fabulous bird of monstrous 

size. 
Bo itft^ ^ n. Full of the moon ; the 16th day 
of the month (o.c.) : tsuki wa bo ni mitsurUf 
the moon is f ulL 
Syn. MOCHZ. 



Bo ijf ^ ^ n. A chamber. 

B6 ,< tf ^ u. Small Buddhist temple ; the 
small house near a temple where the priests 
live ; also, heir-npparent : is-san no h<khU^ all 
the priests of the temple. 

Bo /C i> (coll.) A child (a word of <s<idearment) : 
— wa nichi-nichi chieznite nirashiku narimasu, 
the child daily growing in intelligence has 
become more lovable; obo aan wa okiku onari" 
nasaimashita, how your dear child has grown. 

Bo-AKU /<^T ^ ^ ,® (takeshiki aku) n. Vio- 
lence ; wickedness ; tyranny. 

B6-BANA 7Jf^/^-^^4^ {ghikn Tiazure) n. (coll.) 
The end. or entrance of a town. 

£o-Bd /< "fy ^< tr JiJf adj. Growing and 
spreading over thick and close, as the hair, 
beard, or grass when neglected; also vast, 
wide, as the ocean or plain : kuta — to oi shU 
geri miehi wakarazn^ the grass growing up so 
thick, the road could not be distinguished. 

BoBCBA i^f^-f^ pR/^ n- A pumpkin. 

BOcHiKU rtf tf 'f' ^ M*^ ° Chinese fire 
crackers. 

BdcHd Tj^ ^ f- -V <> IK ^S »>• Swelling : — suriiy 
to be swollen. 

Syn. FUKUBKRU. 

B6ch6 yC^f-'ViJ' f^tt {katawara nite kiku) n 
Attending an assembly as an auditor. 

BoDAi itf^^ ^ tl n. A Sanscrit word mean- 
ing, salvation, entering into paradise, to 
become a hotoke ; to become a Buddhist : — no 
michi ni mi, to enter on the way of salvation, 
or to become a devout Buddhist ; senzo no ho- 
dai no tame hdji wo suru^ to say mass for the 
salvation of one's ancestors ; — wo tomuro, to 
say mass for the dead. 

Bonn /^tf^^^Mn. A poem which does 
not adhere to the theme : — no uta wo yomu. 

B6D.4IJXJ uf^>r $?a ^-ttjij n. The Ficus 
religiosa, a species of Banyan tree — the sacred 
tree of the Buddhists. 

BoDAisHiN ijfy^fS^j^ ^tt'<?n. A devotional 
mind ; intent on seeking salvation ; mortify- 
ing the carnal affections : — wo okosu^ to 
excite to a devotional mind ; — wo tsutomeru, 

BonAzsHO i^jt'i^^ ^itfilfn. The temple, 
or cemetery where prayers and offerings are 
made for the dead ; a pari8h=danna-d6ra. 

Bod5 ii! if if l^f^ {haha) n. Mother (in 
speaking to another) : go — Bama, your 
mother. 

Bono ^<tf^i; f^^ ^ A disturbance, riot, 
tumult. 

Syn. BAN, SODO, sawagi. 

Bono />? p \* #: J§ {hageshiki ikari) n. Violent 
anger. 

BoBKi /^^j&i)s ^^ ^- Commerce; trade-, 
traffic. 

Syn. AKINAI, KOEKI. 

BoBNKYo /<i;x,i>^s^-ytf 2Sft"- ^ *®1^ 
scope. 

Syn. SOMEOANE. 

BofO ^^ifytf ^M. (arafea^e) A violent wind; 
a tempest, hurricane. 4 

Syn. HAYATE, ABASHI. 



BOP 



42 



BOK 



BfiFU Ki>7 -^5C n* XIm late father. 

BoFu /^i>7^ C^JK ^* lat. wind ezpeller. 

Caraway seed. 
BoFUfa-MusHi /<TfifV9Ai^ 5f rf n. The 

animalculw found in stagnant water. 
BoFD-YAKTj f<ijy^9 HrSJH {)smari iomt 

gusuri) n. Medicines that counteract putre- 
faction ; antiseptics. 
BooAi f<i^it^ ^^^ — '"^^i to injure, do 

evil or harm to ; to infringe or violate : koku- 

an too — . to disturb the peace of a country ; 

kenri wo — , to infringe the rights of others. 
B50AN /<ifif>' j^ '^ n. The servant of a 

two-8worde«l Bnddhist priest. 
BooASHiRA f^^itl^'^ ^I9n. The head-man 

of chair-coolies. 
B50EM /<i; ^i^ ilt "S* (arafct koioha) n. Violent 

language. 
BooETsu /<i; yy |9 fi (moehizuki) b. The 

full moon. 
BoGi /<if^ %Vli n. Counsel; consultation; 

plotting. 

Syil. H^TTARTOOTO, KBIBTAKn. 

BoGi i^^ ^ g^ II. Mother ; same as hodd, 

Bdoui ii^tf ^ ^ lr> 1^ n* Posts erected to 
mark a boundary ; a sign-post ; — wo titfu, 
to set up boundary posts. 

BdouKi i|f ^ / i ^ tS n- Fellow chair- 
bearers ; an associate. 

BooTAsu ^^ff^"^ 9 #: a$t n. Violent ; tyranni- 
cal ; rebellion against master or parent : — 
ntn, traitor. 

BdGTo ,<ff^^ FJ S? — «"'■"• To resist, or 
repel the attack of an enemy ; to keep off : — 
no ydi sum, to make preparations to resist an 
enemy. 
Syn. FU8E0U. 

B5HAif nfiyjsi^ 1%^^) n. A forged seal; 
forgery : — swru, to forge a seal. 

BoHAN-NZN /'C^^Ni/iiv URWA. " A forger. 
Syn. Gi-iN. 

BdHATsu ,<ff^\y jgft u. Blasting (with 
powder) : — nuni, 

BoBi iff b Ij^ (^ n. A stone tablet or wooden 
pillar; an inscription on a tombstone. 

Bd-i ^<f;^ ^^ ^' Tyrannical, domineering, 
or arbitrary use of power. 

BOJAKUBUJIN ^^p^-y^yi^i^ i^J^SlA 

Without fear, shame, or respect for others. 

BdJi, /C^ s^ ^'t' (neya no koto) n. Sexual 
connection. 

Boji iff Tfif 3^ ^ ^ n. A cook, or kitchen 
servant. 

Boji iff ^ #=Jr "• fgram.) A vowel. 

BoJiTsu ^<ffify g H n. The loth day of 
the month, when the moon is full (o.c). 

BoJUN jjf i> s? :* s^ ^ /& (hoko tate) Lit. sword 
and shield. To be contradictory, incon- 
sistent : — fturu. to differ, disagree. 

B5KAKU ^< fy ^ ^ ^^ n, A violent person ; a 
bully. 

BoKA8Hi,-BC itfy^A t.v. To gradually lighten 
from a deep to a lighter color; to leave plain 
or uui#iacie(l. 

BoKX ^^ :^ A n. The Pirus japonica. 



BoKB,-BU i9f^^ Ht^ !•▼• To fade; shaded 
from a deeper to a light color ; to degenerate ; 
to decay ; to become childish from age : iro ga 
— , the color fades ; tothi ga yotte ioketa, to 
be old and childish. 
Syn. BOBBBU. 

BoKEBOKB-TO nlf iT n! iT Y t^ QS> adv. Stupid ; 
silly; childish. 

B5KEI itf ^ ^ >f {K^f n- An artifice, trick, 
plot, stratagem. 

Syn. HAKARIOOTO. 

BoKi ])f^ tVl& ^' Bookkeeping: — hd^ roles, 
of — ; — 9*^ktii science of — . 

BoKiBOKi-To nt^af^y adv. The sound of 
snapping, cracking the fingers, or breaking a 
radish : yubi wo — oru, to crack the fingers ; 
daikon wo — oru, to snap a radish in two. 

BoKKTAKu at y ^-y^ 'S^ — •**"*» *o ^ 
stroy ; to seize or pull down (as a temple). 

BoKKvo 4f ^ + 3 f J& — f^ru, to divine a 
good place to erect a house ; to choose a hooM 
by divination. 

Boko ijf a ^ ^ -^ »• Mother. 

Bok6 ^<ff^ V fy B JK n. (med.) The bladder. 

Boko ^^frU i; j^^ff u. Violent in act or con- 
duct : »eijfu wa — loo hataraku. 

BdKOM /^^3v-it^n. A ghost ; the spirit 
of one dead. 
Syn. tObei. 

B6K0N ^< t' 3 V dUR. (fukaki uranU) n. Mi- 
lice ; maliciousness ; enmity, 
Syn. IKON, isHU. 

BoKu iff Jr y^ n. A servant ; also, in speaking 
humbly ot one's self, your servant, I. 
Syn. kebai, kozukai, tatsuoabe. 

BoKtj a^ ^ y^ {ki) Wood ; wooden : — $eki^ 
wood and stone ; — seki ni arazu, 

BoKU ij^ ^ $ («»/mt) n. Ink. 

BoEucHiKu jj^ ^ f* ^ ftJclS (keiHOfto wo kau 
koto) n. Keepincr domestic animals. 

BoKUDO iJf ^ h* ^ IJ^S n. A servant boy. 
Syn. KOBHo, CHitio. 

Boku-d5 ijf ^ h* t' ife 3t {kusakari warabe) n. 
A cowhprd, herdsman. 

BoKCGtJ jjf ^ / ^ :^ flj J^' ^ wooden statue* 
image, or idol. 
Syn. MOKUzo. 

BoKuisEi ]]^ ^ >f S^ n. A rough stone ; rock 
work. 

BoKUJo jJfyf-'-V^ i^^(maki'ba)n. Pasture- 
ground. 

BoKUKAKU i^ 9 -fi 9 ^ ^ °< ^°® 'ond of 
literary pursuits ; a dabbler in poetry. 

Bokumetsu at ^ :ft y fl| jjj. (iaiaH kesn) — 
stiru, to beat down, quash, subdue, quell: 
kxcaji korera-hyo ikki nado wo — turn. 

Bokun /^ ^ ^ V 4^ Tg" n. A tyrant. 

Bokun /<i;^i/' -^^ n. The deceased lord 
or prince ; the late lord. 

Bokubei iKif u^ ^0n. A seifant to a noble. 
Syn. kebai, jObha. 

Bokuki 4f ^ 9 :fcJS n. A kind of wooden 
clog. 

Boeuseei Ti* ^^^ £ Si^ (tttmi no ato) Writ- 
ing ; itcumanship. 



BOE 48 

BoKusHA 4f ^ i^ *¥ b 5tf {uranai-ja) d. A 
fortane-teller. 

B0KU8HA i|f^v-Vit!c4^i^* ^ shepherd, cow- 
herd ; a pfiBtiir. 

BoKUSHi nf ^ s^ ^$i^ n. A pastor (of a church). 

BoxusBi,-8U ifi 9 -y^s h t.v. To tell fortunes ; 
to soothsay, prognosticate. 

Syn. XTBANAU. 

B0KUT6 nH 9 y "fj if- 7J ^' A wooden sword. 

BoxuzKi nH 9 ^A h ^ n. Bamboo rods used 
in fortune- telling ; divination. 

BoKWAS j)f i> ^ !7 V 19 V[ [katavtara yori mtni). 
Looking on from the side ; neutral ; not par- 
ticipating in. 

B5-KTAXU ^<i; ^-y 9 1^^ — mru, to forget. 
Syn. WA8UBEBU. sHrrsu-HXN subu. 

BoKTo A?^^3 4^9^ n. Violent conduct; 
riotous proceediugtf : bakuto ga — voo kuwada- 
teru, 

B5MBOBI i)f Vi!f 9 S 39 n* A candle, or lamp- 
shade made of paper. 

BoxBU ifii/-f JL^ i^ada no hito) n. A man ; 
a human being ; an ordinary man : (Bud.) 
hotoke mo motx> wa — nari, — mo satoreba 
hotoke nari, Amida originally was only a man, 
a man also by fully knowing all things be- 
comes a god ; — no uehi nite — ni arazu^ 
being in the form of a man, yet not a man. 

Bouxi ^>?^>i>f Tt^ {kake-ochi) Running 
away; absconding. 

BoxxATStTBi ^s^-ry T) ft#^n- The feast of 
lanterns, on the 13th, 14tn, and 15th, of the 
7th month (o.c). 

BCmobi /> i> •% 9 ^ ^ "• The wife of a priest 
of the Monto sect of Buddhists ; the keeper of 
a Bodd. temple. 

BoMPZ tK V b* ;L ^ »• A Tulgar person. 

BoN af 1^ ^ lu A wooden tray ; a waiter. 

Bon i^ ^ JK fii n. The feast of lanterns. 

BdXA -'<^•^ 4ii {*^rai takek() adj. Fierce; vio- 
lent ; cruel ; tempestuous : — hito, 

BoKCHi ^fvf- Hi^ ^' Ordinary wisdom or 
talent ; humnn wifldom. 

Bondbh i|f 5^ X V ^ ^ n. Brahma, or paper 
cut in a certain form and hung under the 
eaves of a houne to keep off evil demons. 

Bongo 4^ 5^ :f ^ |^ n. The Sanscrit or Pali, 
the sacred language of the Buddhists. 

BoNODi ij?v y b n. A guide-post (to show the 
way). 

Bovji 4f ^ s? % ^^ ^* The sacred written char- 
acter used by the Buddhists ; Sanscrit or Pali 
letters. 

Boancn 4f ^ ^ & ^^ n. Offerings made during 
the feast of limterus to the spirits of the dead. 

BosxtO Ti^3^^i; %^ n. A Buddhist temple 
(with the idea of being a holy place). 

BoNNix ^^^^ }L/\. T^- ^ human being ; a 
common person ; an ordinary man in talent or 
ability : — ni araxu^ not a common man, or 
not a human being. 

BdNSd 4f v9- ^ J^ iS ^- The lusts, cares, 
passions and desires of this world: (Bud.) 
bcn-nd wo MtikU, to save from sinful lusts ; 
bon-no no okori, the rousing up of sinful 



BOR 



.desires ; bon-no no kiztina wo taUUy to be fret 
from the trammels of earthly passions ; &oft- 
nd no inu oedomo $arazu, though lust, like a 
a dog, be driven away it will not leave. 

BoMNOEUBo tfi/J 9-^ 8!fSF »• (coll.) The 
hollow on the back of the neck. 

Bonbto ijf V 9 3 Hi JCS n- Ordinary human 
judgment : bon-ryo no oyobu tokoro ni arazu, 
that which men of common minds cannot 
attain to. 

BoNSETSu iff vtr"?^ ^H^]^' A Buddhist temple. 
Syn. bonkyO. 

BoNsuiN ijf j^ P V Hi # n. Ordinary human 
body. 

BoNBHiM i)fv»^v J{ji^ n. Common or ordi- 
nary human intellect. 

Bon8h5 afi^i^-yi; ^IS n. A temple bell; 
sacred bell. 

BoMso 4^v9*i9r HiW "• ^ common priest; 
an ignorant priest. 

BoNTABi Tjf i^ -y 9 *3| ^ ^^^' ^*™ J obscure ; 
cloudy ; hazy ; dull ; vague : me (fa — shite 
yokn mienai, my eyes are dim and I cannot 
see well ; — shita hito, a person of dull per- 
ception. Syn. UTTOBI, BOTTO. 

BoNYo jjf V 3 ^ JLM — "<*• common or ordi- 
nary persons, of ordinary ability. 

BoNZAi i)f 2^ -9^ ^ J& 3K (ttnmi wo okanti) n. 
Committing sin or crime. 

BoNzoKU itf >" :/9 Hi f^ ** opposed to sei-jin. 
Common people; tlie common herd; the 
Iftity : — no mi xoafufjO ni nhite kami ui chika* 
yorn koto atawazn, the common people being 
unlioly cannot Approach the kftmi, 

Bo-OKU /<ff ir 9 y M (varaya) u. A thatched 
house ; used in speaking humbly of one's 
house. 

BoBA i^i? fS n. Species of mullet, Mugil japo- 
nicuB. 

BoBE,-BU af ufi ^ i.v. To be old and child- 
ish ; decr(>pit. 

BoBEi -^S n. A ghost ; manest the spirit of 
one dead. 

BoBEi af u^ ilj:^ n. Lime made by burning 
shells, used as a medicine. 

BoRETsn ^^ ^ u y jS ^ n. Blasting with 
powder = bo- /i/it< II. 

BoBiBOBi-To ^ 9 if 9 h (coll.) adv. The sound 
of craunching, or crushing any hard sub- 
stance with the teeth : inu ya — hone wo ka- 
mu, the dog is gnawing a bone ; — nezumi ga 
nani ka kute trt<, that rat is gnawing at some- 
thing. 

BoRO af Tt n. Bags. 

BoBOBORO Iff n i)f n n. i.q. boronji. 

BoBOBOBo-To 4f Ti Iff n > adv. In a crumbling 
or ragged manner ; the sound of a flute : tsu- 
chi ga — oehiru, the dirt falls crumbling 
down. 

BoBOKE,-Bu af xt ^ j^ i.v. To be old and de- 
crepit ; to be ragged. 

BoBONJi 4fnvs?^$S^:^n. A person who 
goes about with ms he^ and face concealed 
in a basket-hat playing on a flageolet. 
Syn. KOMOso. 



BOB 

BoBOTBUcm tf xa y i' n. Loose, crumbling 
earth. 

65BTAKU i)fi^9'V^tKB8'i^* ^ artifice, 
trick, stratagem : — wo okonau^^ use a strata- 
gem. Syn. bSkei, hakabiooto. 

fBosA /<^-9* ^5|f n. A sick person. 

BQsAi ^^^ ■9- >f Tt ^ II- Deceased wife, or late 
wife. 

B5SAKI ,^ f^ -^ ^ ^ ^ n. (coll.) Squeeze- 
money, or percentage, charged by a serrant on 
purchases made for his master ; black-mail : 
— wo kiru ; — \do toru» 

Syn. KASUBI, UWAMAE. 

B58AT5 i^i^-f jti;; #^$^n. Loaf-sugar. 

BosATSu ae^y :g:j| n. The Sanscrit word 
Bodhisattva, meaning he whose essence has 
become intelligence; a being that has only 
once more to pass through human existence 
before it attains to Buddhaship ; a class of 
Buddhas who are not yet perfected by entrance 
into Nirvtoa. 

BosBxi itf-te^ jjj^;^ n. A tombstone. 

B58EN K i> -te V Kr (B^ iftuegUatakaii). To 
resist, repel, fight off. 

BosHA ,<p i^-y ^#- n. A thatched house. 

BSSHA ^<i; s^-Y J^-g* n. The house near a Bud. 
temple where the priest resides. 

B5sHA ;)f iQr S^ -v 4k iS T^- (med.) Cholera 
morbus. 

Syn. KAKUBAN. 

BosHi /C!>i/ V^^ (hitomi) n. The pupil of 

the eye. 
BosHi /^^ j^ flf ^ n. A cap or bonnet worn 

by old men or priests ; also a white cap made 

of raw cotton worn by the bride at her wedding. 

and by the women at funerals ; a hat or cap. 
B5SHIN i)f i> i^ V -dr j^ {naki oya) n. Deceased 

parents. 
BosHd af^fyl^-y^ ^Vft (Usuwari no ihdko). n. 

False witncHfl ; perjury. 
BosHo itfi^l^-ytf ^fff n- Crude saltpetre. 
BasHo iifp 1^9 tfi'lf ^- ^ forged letter, or 

writing ; forgery ; — titn, a forger. 
Syn. b5han. 
B5SH0KU af^ ^9 ^ 4t "fe Eating voraciously, 

or gluttonously. Syu. MUTAmoui. 
BossHi, BossuRU afyyf.A' ii i.v. To die, end, 

perish ; to set, as the sun : chi-chi bouhite 

8ono okonai wo fntru, when the father is dead 

(the son) should observe his ways ; hi wa nishi 

ui — , the sun has sunk in the west. 
Syn. SHINUBU, owabu. 
BoTAMocHi i|fir«f-4ifj-|^n. A kind of 

cake made of glutinous rice dusted over with 

sugar. 
BoTAN ?jf ^ v 4t fl* n. The peony, Peonia 

moutau. 
BoTAN ijf ^ V (Eng.) n. A button. 
BoTANKYo i}firv4»3 SH^^^- ^ specios 

of plum. 
BoTANNA :}rir v^ n. Cabbage ; cauliflower. 
BoTBFUBi 7)^T:7»;f|'SftWn. A hawker ; a 

pedler of goodfl in the streets ; a huckster. 
BoTo i)f i> h ^ ^ n. Insurgent; rebel; 

brigand. 



44 



BU 



BoTosHioi af \*i^^ n. The woodcock (Scolo> 
pax rusticola). 

BoTSD-BOTsu afyafy ith ^ adv- Little by 
little ; slowly ; duiug a little at a time : — to 
kiua wo mushiruj to pull up weeds little by 
little ; — to urern. 

BoTsu-DEKi aiV T^ *S ^^1 ^' Drowning : — 
shitn^ drowned. 

BoTsuKAi aft^y ft >i ^£^n. On»" skillful in 
the use of the club; also a pedler. of quack 
medicines, who, to nttract buyers, exhibits his 
Rkill in the use of tlip cinb. 

BoTSU-BAEU ijf n' 9 ^ v^ ?$ n. Bnin ; failure ; 
fallen or broken in loituuc ; bankruptcy : ka- 
iiemochi vio ninri ga nru to — nhimnsti^ a man 
though he be rich will be mined by dishonesty. 

Syn. OCHI-BUBERU. 

BoTsuzEN ^j^^' -tf^ ^/ ^ ad^- In a sudden 
burst, or flash, as ot anger; iu an augiy 
manner. 

S"!}^^-'^ '■■•<>•'«'«»"• 

BortrTuni af y T ^) ft 86 adv. (coll.) Fleshy; 
corpulent: — tojui„ie ir«, to be large and 
corpulent. 

Syn. EOETIS, FUTORITB. 

BoTTo afyh adv. Insensible ; mazed ; dull ; 

dim ; stupid ; flat ; lifeless or sluggish in 

manner ; obscure : me ga — shita, eyes have 

become dim. 
BoTTORi 4^ 7 h 9 adj. (coll.) In a soft, quiet or 

silent manner ; or like anything soft and wet 

falling : — to thite tnt, to be quiet ; ynki ga 

— to ochiru. 
Bo-u iift;t^ dR: ^ (hagenhii ame) n. A violent 

rain. 
BoTA /^ ^ -V (same as ho) A child, baby : — wo 

kochi ye yokose fia, bring the baby here. 
BoTAKASHi,-su :jf "Y :^ ^ t.v. To make obscure, 

or unintelligible ; to confuse. 
BoYAKE,-Bn ijf"V^>i' i.v. To liquify; to run 

or be reduced to a tliin state ; to deliquesce ; 

to be tangled and confused. 
BoTAKU iif-^^ (coll.) Grumbling, complaining, 

or murmuring with discontent : nani tpo hara 

wo tatete tono yo ni — da r5, what are you 

angry and gi-umbling about ? kono yd ni boya* 

Icanai de mo ti. 

Syn. TSUBTTTAKU. 

tBozA /C)5r ip ^ ^ n. A sick person ; a patient. 

B6-ZEN /C^-i/v te^ adv. Stupified; thtm- 

derstruck ; astounded ; aghast : — to shite tru. 

Syn. AEIRETE. 

tBozoKU ,<t^^/^ HjI? n- iq. l<inzoku. 

Bozu ^< tr ^ i^ ± n. A bonze or Bud. priest; 
one whose head is shaven ; a servant in a 
daimyo's house. 

Bu 7^ ffti — surti, to pat, stroke ; to soothe ; to 
console, pacify : ken wo — , to handle a eword 
hilt ; senaka wo — , to pat the back. 

Bn 7^ -^ n. A land measure, same as teubo, 
= 6 feet square ; interest ; hi bu, daily in- 
terest. 

Bfi •fi> (coll.) Hot water used for drinking 
(used by children). 



BU 



45 



BUG 



Bn >^ 1^ Military : — wo araso, to dispute about 
militaiy affairs. 

Bn >^ ^ D. A parv, fraction ; the tenth of an 
inch : ichi — , one pnrt, one per cent ; sam — 
iehi, one- third ; hyaku — ic/it, one-hundredth 
part : is-ntn go — , one inch and a half. 

Bu 7* 9if A elasR, set, group, kind, order, genera ; 
head or subdivision ; section : kono hon wa 
$an satstt wo motte ichi — to f itru, this book is 
complete in three volumes ; ko noji wa nan no 
— ni aru de aro, what is the radical of this 
character ? sore wa nan no — ni aru ka, under 
what bead shall I find sora. 

Bu y ift ; ;f; A syllable of negation : no ; not ; is 
not ;"uot existing ; (only used in composition.) 

Bu-Ai yTb #-#* Percentage: — too font. 

Bn-AisAT8U yr^-^y Z^i^^ (ooll-) Answer- 
ing rudely, or ill-humoredly ; impolite. 

Bu-AKo 7^r>r-9"^ ;pj^*gn. (coll.) Ill- 
treatment ; uncourteous ; inhospitable. 

Bu-ASHiBAi yT5'9>f ^fi-fr^ (coll.) — na, 
rude, uncourteous, or uncivil in treatment of 
others. 

BvBAM y/'Tv n. The quarter of a ryo. 

BnBABi,-Ru y/'ZA. ?g^5R J'V* To display, boast 
of, or show off one'tt niilitary accomplishment : 
buhatta hito, one who is fond of making a 
show of his military accomplishments. 

BuBBN y^v i^^ n. The military class ; a 
samurai, 

BuBi zf }£ A SB n. Military or warlike 
preparations : — ffenju ni suru^ to make strong 
military preparations. 

BuBTKi y\£^ ^91 ^- Small reduction ii\ 
price : — wo turn, to make a small reduction 
of price. 

BtTBU y -f (coll.) Same as &u. 

Bttbctn yyv ^^ n. A part; a portion, 
fraction. 

BucHi y^ Si adj. Of various colors; pie- 
bald : — urtM^ a piebald horse. 

BucHi,-TBU -f y t.v. To strike, beat, hit, 
knock, whip. This word is a coll. form of 
ut^ti, and much used joined with other verbs. , 

Syn. UT6U, CH5CHAKU SURU, TATAKU. 

BucHi-AKB,-BT7 -f^f^A' ^T ^B *•▼• To kuock 
or beat open ; to empty out, as a bag, box, etc. 

BUCHI-ATB,-BU "f^yr^ ^% t*"^' To shoot 

at and hit ; to strike ; to hit. 
BucHi-i>A8Hi,-sir 7'f-^3^ ^?fe t-"^' To knock 

or beat out. 
Bi7CHi-sACHi,-Tsn z^i-fjy 4T ^ ^'^' To win, 

or overcome, in a fight. 
B(rcHX-KO]a,-Mu yf- a a ^ ^ t.v. To drive 

into ; to hammer into. 

BUCHT-K0R08HI,-«»T "/f* 3 P ^ ^S t'V« To 

beat to death. 
BiJCHi-K0WASHi,-8u "f^-zif^yt, 4t JR *•▼• To 

break down by beating ; to strike and break ; 

to beat to pieces. 
BuCHI-KnDAKI,-KU "f^ 9 it 9 ^F? t.v. To 

beat or knock into pieces). 
BncHi-MAXx,-Bn -f 4^ -r y a^ 4T S *•▼• To 

empty and scatter, as water or grain from a 

bag ; to dash and scatter about. 



BucHi-MAitE,-Ru -fi-^fri^ ^ Sk i-v. To be 
beaten, or lose in a fi^'lit. 

BUCHI-N0ME8HI,-SU ^f-^^^ t.V. (coU.) To 

beat. 

Bdchinuki,-ku '/f-% if tr^ii t-^' To drive, 
or hammer, one thin^' through another. 

BucHi-8HiMB,-Rn -/ ^ i^ jt A^ ^ h ^'^'- To 
strike and kill, as a rat, snake ; to seize and 
bind, as a thief ; to beat. 

BucHi-TA08Hi,-BU -/ ^ 9 y^-. sJT £P] t'V- To 
knock down, as u man, or anything standing. 

BuCm-TATAKI,-KU y' ^ ^ \ 9 ^ ^ t,v. To 
beat, strike ; to torment, torture. 

BUCHI-T0ME,-RU "/f- h ^ A* :Jj jt t.V. To hit 
and kill anything in motion. 

BucHi-TSUBB,-BU •/ ^ V ^T ^ ^T W* t-"^- To hit; 
to hammer fast ; to nail fast. 

BucHi-YABURi,-RU 7*f••vy^^ 4T St *'^- To 
tear or break by beating. 

Buch6h5 zf T ff ^^ ^ ^ 1^ <i Ignorant ; 
awkward ; clumsy ; bungling ; inexperienced ; 
stupid ; foolish ; bad ; (used mostly apologeti- 
cally of one's self) : — loo nuru^ to do a foolish 
or awkward thing ; take wa — de gotari- 
masUj (in declining to drink) I am inex- 
perienced at drinking wine ; — »io;io nanibttn 
yorothiku o tanomi ludshiniagu^ as I am inex- 
perienced, please help me all you can. 
Syn. so-so, fo-tsuzuka. 

BuDAN "/it ^ i^ Ivt n. Military decision ; — 
•<;<;<, a gorerumuut conducted according to 
military rule. 

BuDDA 'fvitf^'^vi, Buddha. 

BuDo -fifif tiJiS **• Grapes: — rwru, grape- 
vine ; — i\iu^ grape-wine. 

Bud6 -f if i) J^il {micJii nashi) adj. Devoid 
of principle ; impious ; vicious ; unreasonable ; 
tyrannical. 

BunS 7^^^ l^aS {iamurai no michi) n. 
Military sciences. 

BuEN y^JB. V ^ B {shio nasM) Unsalted ; fresh ; 
— takafia. 

BuBNRYO ^3^5^9 3 SSftflEn. Without 
diffidence; without backwardness, or restraint; 
forward ; bold ; pert ; impudent. 

BuJTJ yy mg^ n. Pumice stone (?). 

Syn. KARU-I8HI. 

BuFU yy ^-^ n. A soldier ; warrior. 

Syn. SAMURAI, MONONOFU, HEI8HI. 

BuQAKu •;/ if 9 $1 |g§ n. Pantomime or 

dancing and music ; opera. 
BuQAXU y'if 9 ^ ip n. Military science. 
BuoEi y'y^i i^JB n. The military arts or 

sciences ; the accomplishments of a soldier, of 

which the Jap. reckon 18, such as the use of 

the sword, spear, bow, club, musket, horse, 

etc. 
BuGEN :f </ V /$ "^ {anadoru kotoba) Insulting 

language. Syn. bari. 
BuGEN y^^^fk Bich ; wealthy ; a rich man : 

bugen-tlui, a rich man. 
Bdgin y 4^ V -$■ ^ n. Percentage or profit 

from exchange or trade=&i{-at. 
BuGu 7^ / ^ J^ &• Militazy arms and 

accoutrements. 



BUG 



46 



BUM 



Buou-ouBA -f f f '9 i^J^/Spn. An arsenal. 

Buot5 7'¥"Vi5r^Jffa- A. superintendent; 
a governor, chief; ^— s7to, superintendent's 
ofiSce; — turu^ to manage, control, snper- 
intend. 

BuHEN T** '^ V f^ iS °* Military matters : — 
wo konomn. 

Bu-i :/ >f ^]g^ n. Military power, or glory. 

Bu-i y>(istj^ (kawaru koto nathi) Without 
anything strange, or unasaal; without acci- 
dent ; safely. 
Syn. BUJi. 

Bu-iKi-NA y >f ^ -^ (coll.) Clownish ; vulgar ; 
coarse ; rough in manners ; ungenteel ; unre- 
fined. 

Bu-iKU y>f ^ HH'^ (sodateru) — *wr«, to bring 
up ; to rear up, support, nourish : kodomo wo 
— *iiru, 

Bu-iN 7^^ v JH =g^ (tayori ga nai) No letter; 
no word ; no communication : makoto-ni go 
buin tsukamatsuri toro, I have not written to 
you for a long time. 

Buji y ^ ^"M. {nani goto mo nai) Without 
accident ; witnout anything unusual occurring ; 
safe ; free from trouble : Tdkyd kara buji ni 
uchi ye kaerimashita, has returned home &om 
Tokyo in safety. 

Syn. 80KU8AI, T8UTSUOANAKU. 

BujiKi y 5? i|s -:^ 'ft Ji' Family consumption 

of food (of a farmer). 
Bujoxu 7* s^ 3 ^ f^^ {nonoshiru) n. Speaking 

disrespectfully before any one ; contemptuous 

words or conduct : kwanri — no tsumi^ con- 
tempt of court. 
BujUTsu y^zi.y ^ffx n. Witchcraft; sorcery. 

Syn. MAjuTSU. 
BujuTsu y ^ =L y ^ W n. Military art or 

taoticR. 
BuKE -f^^f. {samurai) n. The military 

class, or p;entry. 
BuKKi -f ^ A jS^fS ^\' Untrue; fictitious; 

unfounded ; fabrication : — no setsu. 
Bum 7* 4* ^ S (iamurai no utsuwa) n. Mili- 
tary arms. 
BoKi-GURA T^^y^^H/JIn. An arsenal ; 

a place where arms are kept. 
Bdkiby6 7**9-V^ SS?h& (coll.) Homely ; 

ugly ; not handsome. 
BuKKA y 3» * ij^ (g (mono no nedan) n. Price 

of things : — fiyd, a price-list ; price-current. 
BuEEAKU y^^^^l^n. A Buddhist temple. 

Syn. TERA. 
BuEKE ysr^ ^tL n. Buddhists; believers 

in Buddhism. 
BuKKi y y ^ ^ ^ {hotoke no utiuwa) n. 

Utensils used in the worship of Buddha. 
BuKKiBABo yy^^itty n. (coll.) Abrupt ; 

short; terse; ourt or petulent in language; 

plnin. 
BuKEo 7^ 7 3 # ft Q> Death (of a person) : 

— atiru, to die. 
Syn. ZEiKTO. 
Bttkkomu yyztM See buchikomi, 
BuKKOBosu yy :j Tt Ti, See buehikorothi, 
BuKKowABU yy:ij\j^ See buchikowathi. 



BuKKU yy^ VIp^ ^' Things offered up to 

hotoke in worship. 
BuKKUDAKU yy 9if9 See btichi-kudaki. 
BuKKwA yy 9V ^ * n. Buddhist perfec- 
tion ; the reward of a religious life. 
BuKKYo yy^-^i; ifti^ n. The sacred books 

of the Buddhists. 
BuKKTo yyiri; ^ik, n. Buddhism; the 

doctrines of — ; Buddhist religion. 
BuKO 7^ 3 f^ 9 n. An armory ; a house in 

which arms are kept. 
BuKO y-fj'f; ^^ n. Military services worthy 

of praise ; great military deeds or merit : buko 

wo tateru. 
BuKOKu ya^ •^%- n. False accusation. 

Syn. sHnooTo. 
BuxoTsu y =i y f!^fW (coll.) Rude ; coarse ; 

clownish ; rustic : — nmno. 
BuKu-AKX y^7^ a^BJ! n. The end of 

mourning. 
BuKUBYO 7* ^ 9 -V ^ 1^ ^ T^' A kind of 

fungus growing on the root of the pine u^ed 

as a jnedicine, Pachyma. 

Syn. MATSUHODO 

Bdkuyb yf^^ 9S.Wi, n. The period in which 

a person, after tue death of a relative, is 

unclean, and thus prevented from approaching 

the kami, 
BuxwAN y^yv^»gn. A military office ; 

military officer. 
BuKYo y^np X^^J^ Of no ability, talent, 

or ingenuity ; not clever ; awkward ; unskilful; 

slow at learning. 
Bu-KYOKU y^ ^ ^ $^ib ^- Music and dancing. 
BuMA y^ ^ Pn] (coil.) Awkward; acting out 

of time and place ; blundering ; missing the 

time or opportunity. 
BuMAN 7^-r V f$ i} n. Insult ; contempt : — 

suru. 
BuMBEN^yv^v ^Ift n. (met.) Parturition; 
BuMBANj y>^<i^ ^ift child-bearing. 
BuifBOEU yz^it^^ ^£ °' (lit. letters and 

ink) Literary pursuits ; letters : — too mote- 

asobut to spend time in literary pursuits. 
BuM-Bu ys^y-X,^T^' Literature and military 

art. 
BuMEi :/>iyf ^^ n. Military fame* buain 

no aru hito ; — wo kagayakasu, 
BuMMAEEBU yiz-^^A- See bMchi-niake, 
BuHKAWASHZ 7'v-r!75^|jEK.»- A. pair of 

dividers, or compasses. 
BuMMEi yi^jt^ :^]^ n. Enlightenment; 

civilization ; refinement : — sAt, history of — . 
Bdumbi yi/:^^ ^ 9H {akirak€^ Clear; plain; 

distinct : toku no yama ga — ni mieru. 
BuMMEN ys^jfi^ 'k.^ Ifumi no omote), A. 

letter, document, dispateh ; the contents of a 

document. 
BuHHocHi y V % f- ^ 4# n. Dividing a load 

into two parts and suspending each on the 

ends of a pole across the shoulders : nimottu 

wo — ni suru. 
BuMPA y^ji ^ ^ {wakare no nagare). The 

streams branching from a fountain ; fig. of 

teaching, or doctrines traxismitted from somo 



BTTil 47 

person, or place, as its origin ; branch, off- 
shoot: ha$4hU wa mina tef^iku nosliakano 
humpa de gozaimasu^ tbo Buddhist aects all 
came down from the Indian sJiaka. 

BuMPAf y 3^^<^ ^ fit — ««»•»! to divide, 
apportiou. 

BuMPrrsu yy^^y !^ 4(E n* Literature and 
writing; : — ni tasihiia hito, one accomplished 
in literatare and the art of writing. 

BuKprrsu) ^ ^isb n* (med.) Secretion : — turut 

Bt7MPi I to secrete. 

BuMPd yv/{7 %'tt D* Bales of composi- 
tion ; style of writing ; rules of grammar : — 
thOf a grammar (book). 

BuMPU y v"/ ^ f«J* — suruy to command, 
order, bid, conjoin ; to charge. Syn. misibei. 

Bun yi^ iC (/"»") n. Writing ; letters ; 
composition ; literature : — ni tassuru hito^ 
an accompliahed scholar. 

Bum y V ^ (wakaehi) n. A part, portion, 
division, share ; duty, station in life, circum- 
stances, ability ; rate : kore wa watakuthi no 
bun^ this is my share ; bun no hoka, besides 
one's proper part, duty or place ; bun ni suguru, 
to exceed what is proper to one's station, or 
one's ability ; — ni koeru, id.; oya-hun, the part 
of a parent ; ichi gon no mdthi-bun gotarima- 
Mn, had not a word to say ; tadaima no — de, 
at the present rate. 

Buna ■/■f' n. The beach tree. 

BuNAM y '^ V ^ H {nayami naski) Free from 
trouble ; without accident or harm ; safety. 

BuK-BUN-Ni 7^ V -y' V IS adv. Divided into 
portions, shares or pieces ; separately ; apart ; 
asunder : bun-bun ni oku, to place in separate 
portions ; bun-bun ni sunt, to apportion out ; 
to divide into shares or pieces ; — kiru, cut to 
pieces. 

BuJTOHiN yvf-v ^^ n. A paper-weight. 

Buitch5 y^Ti^ :^ .% n. The name of a bird. 

BnxDAi y^jt^^^n. A support or rest 
for holding a book. 

BcKDd yt^^ir HE. ^' A kind of bean, 
Phaseolus radiatus. 

Buicno yi^jttf ?^^ ifumi no miehi) n. 
Literature; leamingTletters; belles-lettres : — 
vfo thirazu shite budo tsui.ni titori wo ezam 
koto, militaiy science alone, without a know- 
ledge of literature, can never give success. 

BnxDOBi y ^^ 1^ 9 ^ IS n. Seizing the spoil 
of the vanquished : — turu, to seize by 
violence ; to spoil : to loot ; — mono, spoils, 
loot, plunder. 

BuxBf zf:^>' fft^ Carelessness; heedlessness; 
inattention; forgetfulness. 

BuMOA -f^^if jt ^ — na, chaste ; genteel ; 
classical ; refined in taste ; cultured. 

BuNOAKU ys^if^ "^ ^ Literature ; literary 
studies ; especially the Chinese classics. 

BuvoEN y>y^ ^ FR n* Condition ; place ; 
social position ; circumstances ; station in life : 
— wo hakaru, to consider one's circumstances ; 
» sd-d-na hito, a person of good position, or 
«a«y circumstances ; — ska, a rich man. 
Syn* uaw, bxjkzai* 



BUN 



BuNOo yi^if-^ ^gg The least ppjriicle; 
a bit, mite : — mo thirann. 

BuMowAi yvj^p-f ^^u. Above one's 
circumstances, or condition in life. 

BuNOTd 7* V y 7 ^ Hz Division of labor. 

BuNjAKu ^i^sJ-y^ iCSS — na, weftk, effem- 
inate or UDwarlike from a predominance of 
literary taste. 

BuNJi 7^ V s? ^ ^ n. Literature; belles- 
lettres ; letters : — mi wo yudaneru, to devote 
one's self to literature. 
■BuNji 7* > s? ^ If^ n. A minute. 

BuNJiN y:^^^^/s.n. A person of refined 
taste ; one fond of poetry, beautiful penman- 
ship, drawing, etc. 

BuNKATsu -/s^ij y ^ <?] — »Mrii, to divide, 
partition, (as a country). 

BuNKB yi^y ^f^u. Leaving the paternal 
home to set up house for one's self, as a 
younger son : — ivo »uru, 

BuNKEN y ^ y ^ ^ Ji n. To survey, or 
measure the height, or distance : — ittru, 
Syn. soKUBTo. 

Bunken-dSou y 3^ y i^ ^ i; f ^AaS^**- 
Surveying infttruments. 

BuNEEN-Bzu yi^y^x^y ^JLt^B n- The 

chart of a survey. 

Bunko "/ v a ^ /$ n. A library or place for 
keeping books ; a box for keeping books in ; a 
trunk. 

BuNKU y-t^i^ ^ ^ n- (grani.) A sentence. 
Syn. MOMKu. 

BuN-KWAN 7*v^!7V^'gn. A civil officer 
(not military). 

BuNRETsn 7* V u J' ^ ^ — suru, to be rent 
asunder, cracked open ; kuni ga — suru; chi 
ga — suru. 

BuNBi yi^^ ^ 3$ n. The style in writing ; 
the tenor of a composition. 

BxTNRi 7* ^ 9 ^flf n. The smallest particle, mite. 

BuNBi yv9 ^ti {^^^<^^^ ^^^<^^) Analysis; 
assay ; separation : — suru, to separate ; to 
sunder ; to analyze, assay. 

BuNBUi yi^A^^ ^^n. Classification, class ; 
genera : — suru, to classify. 

Bunbt5 :^ V 9 -y ^ -^^ {wakete osameru) — 
suru, to divide and rule over. 

BuNBYo :^ V 9 -V ^ ^5 n. Weight ; propor- 
tion ; quantity : kono kusuri wa ichi do ni — 
ikura nomimasho ka, how much of this medi- 
cine shall I take at one time? Syn. ueeata. 

BunbyO t^v 9 ^ ^*5ll D- Branch, division, 
as of a stream. ^:, 

BuNSAi y ^■9' '1 ^^ n. Ornamentation; 
embellishment ; decoration : — too hodokosu, 
to embellish, adorn. 

BuNSAN 7^v-9"v ^ft {wakare chiru) n. To 
break up and scatter, as a family from po- 
verty; bankruptcy: konktu ni tsuki bunsan 
itashimashita; gunzei shihd ye bunsan suru, 
the army broke and scattered in all directions; 
— mono, the assets. 

BuNSBKi T^v-te^ ^if( ^' Analysis; decom- 
position of a compound into its constituent 
parts ; assay : — suru, to analyze, to assay. 



BUN 



48 



BUS 



BxmsHi :^5^s^ ^^ n. Atom, particle. 
BuHSHi -fi^i^ ^l«] n. (gram.) A participle : 

genzai — , pre&eut — ; kwako — , past — . 
BuNSHiN y 5^ j^ i' ^ ^ n. Representation ; 

personification : Amidti no — . 
BuNSHiN :^ a< i^ V ^j^ u. Tattooing the 

body. 

Syn. HOBIMONo. 

Bdnbhitsu y i' s^ 9 %ff Ornamental or 
natural; artificial or natural: — him-pin^ 
elegance and Rimplicity iu harmony. 

BuNSHO •/ 3^ i. 3 ^jjl n. Branch police' 
station : — cho, the chief officer of — . 

BDNBHd yvj^^i>:i:5rn. A writing, com- 
position, document. 
Syn. FUMi. 

BuNSHOKU yi^i^^fi ^fin. Ornament ; 
embellishment ; decoration : — too kmcaerUf to 
embellish, adorn. 

BuNSHOKTJ T^vJ^a^ ^-j^n. A partial 
eclipse of the sun. 

BuNSO -f ^ V ^ St (tt-A/ra*tt) — turn, to 
explain, excuse, defend. 

BgnsO -f i^ Tt, if ^ ft n. (mat.) Vulgar 
fraction. 

BuNTBi y V T ^ X Ifr n« The style of a writ- 
ing. 

BuNTEN yvTs^ ^J^ n- Rules of composi- 
tion ; grammar. 

BuMTsO -f^^yf* ^ J5. — juni, to communi- 
cate by letter. 

BuNUN -f^ifs^ ^S n. Literature; literary 
times : — ga mkan ui narti^ literature is fiour- 
ishing. 

BuNTABi :/ V -V 9 n. A sling for throwing 
stones. 
Syn. zuMBAi. 

BuNTd -/=^9 -fy ^^kn. A fruitful year. 

BuNZAi yyf^f ^IS^ n. Condition, place, or 
social position ; kind ; (used only of inferiors): 
eho-nin no bun-zai to shite furaehi na yatsu 
dii. 

Syn. BUNOKN, XIBUM. 

BuppiN -fyyS^^ %yS^ {shina-mono) n. Arti- 
cles ; merchandize ; commodity. 

Boppo ^y ^^y ^'it ^- Buddhism : — ni 
tru, to becuine a Buddhist. 

BuBA-BUBA 7* 9 7^ 9 adv. (coll.) In a swinging, 
or dangling way; idly; without object; va- 
cantly ; loungingly : — shite artiftti, to roam 
about idly, without any particular business ; 
hura-bura t/amai, a chronic state of ill health, 
neither sick nor well. 

BuBAi y^ A tS^H^ (yorukoto naki) Useless; 
good for nothing : — mono^ a vagrant, a loafer ; 
— na, vagrant, loafing. 

BuBAXu 7* ^ ^ ^ Jt u. Province or section of 
country (used of savage tribes). 

BuBANKET y 9 >^ ^ y y n. (derived from 
£ng. word) A blanket : ket is now commonly 
used. 

Bttbanko y9v3 n. A swing. 

BuBABi 7^9 9 adv. (coll.) Dangling; hanging 
loosely; idly: burarito kakaru, to hang 
loosely ; — tan, an idler, a loafer. 



BuBAT8UKi,-KU ^ 9 5^ ^ !.▼. (coll.) To be Idlj 
passing the time; to be without object or 
employment ; to lounge about. 

BuBEi y vf ^ (S n. Rudeness ;• impolite* 
ness ; vulgarity ; devoid of good manners : -* 
tro togameruy to censure rudeness ; — na yatsu 
da, a vulgar fellow. 
. . Syn. sifiTSUBBi, busahO. 

BuBi y 9 An. Name of a fish. 

BuBi y 9 (same as /tin, jKg) adv. During ; 
time since : mika-buri, for three days* use ; 
td-ka-buri no ktuuri too kudaeare, give me 
medicine enough for ten days; hisashi-buri nite 
Yokohama ye kinutshita, I have not been to 
Tokohama for a long time; hisashi-buri de 
tenki yokii uarimashita, it is a long time since 
we have had pleasant weather (before to-day). 
Also same as fnri fj^ manner, deportment. 

BuBi-BUBi y 9 y 9 II. A kind of toy. 

BuBiKi :^ 9 ^ n. Plates . of tinned iron ; tin 
plates. 

BuBU-BUBU 'fA.'fA. |^ |^ adv. (coll.) Trem- 
bling: kowagatte — jurUta, to tremble with 
fear; samukute — furueru, to tremble with cold. 

Syn. WANA-WANA. 

BuBUi y»^^ ^KK n. Genera and species; 
class : — wo wakete ntsnmeru, to collect and 
arrange in classes ; — ken-zoku^ the family. 

BuBTAKU -/ 9 -y ^ I^BS- n. Military plan, or 
stratagem. 

BtjsahS y-f^^y Sl'f'^ffe ftdj. Not acting ac- 
cording to the rules of propriety ; impolite ; 
rude. 

Syn. SHITSUBEI, bubex. 

Bn-SAiKU y-f A jr Ti^&iOU (coll.) Bad work- 
manship; badly made; unskillful; — ui d^kiUif 
badly made ; — na hako^ a badly made box. 

BusATA y-^ ji SH *i^ jfe (ooU.) {otozure nashi) 
Remissness or negligence in visiting, writing, 
or sending word* or inquiry, (used by way ot 
apology) : oki ni go — itashimashitat I Lave 
been a long time without coming to see yon, 
or hearing of yon. 

BusEi y-\iA Afc^llt {sukunashi) Not many per- 
sons or troops ; few persons : tcuei ni — tote- 
mo kanatoanUt a few are unable to contend 
with a multitude. 

tBusHAMATo yi^-y^h it^hl^n. Shooting 
at a target with the bow. 

BuBHi y i" ^-^ (samurai, mononofu) n. A. 
cavalier ; one belonging to the military class ; 
a soldier. 

BusHiNjiN y l^i^0^ ^^ 1^ n. (coll.) In- 
fidelity ; unbelief; not devout; irreligious. 

BusHrrsuKE y l^ y ^ ^ g| (coll.) Rude ; 
ill-mannered ; impolite ; vulgar. 

Syn. BUBEI, SHITSUBEI. 

Bush6 yi^^i; X^l^ Indolent; idle; lazy; 

loafing ; slovenly : — na mono, a loafer, lazy 

fellow. 
Syn. uoNoousAi, konoui. 
BusHo y^-ViDr ^^ n, A general; com- 

mander of an army. 
BusHUBi T'S^atf ^Ig-JBI. (coll.) Out of favor; 

disgraced ; disapproved : IwkO'saki ye wa — ds 



BUS 



49 



13YA 



kao ga dasarenity as I am in disgrace Avith my 
employer, I cannot show mynelf . 

BtTSHuxAM yi^=Li3^^^J^n. " Buddha's 
fingers ;" the Bitnis sarkodactilis. 

Bcso 'f'^ff S&S? i^xarabi na&lii) adj. Without 
an equal, or match ; unequalled ; unparalleled. 

Ddssan -?* V^^ %^ (hotoke-vtairi) Visiting 
the temples, or graves, for worship : — ni 
yuku. 

Syn. SANKEi. 

BussHA y r)* v- -Y ^^ ^ n. A Buddhist. 

BussHi "T* V i^ \^$^ (hotoke tsuhuri) n A 
maker of Buddhist i^lo'^. 

BussHiTSu y" y i^ y ^^i] % n. Substance ; 
matter. 

BussHo -/ rv > "Y ^ % Vx^ n. Gift of rice made 
to priests. 

BussHo -/ y i'-V'^ ^^%. n- Buddhistic nature; 
i.q. divine nature : neko mo — ari. 

BrssHOB -f y i^ ^ ^ x, \^ i,^ n. The 
festival on the birthday of Shaka, the 8th day 
of the 4th month (o.c). 

BuBSAN -/ y-^ ty i^^j^ ^ n. Productions ; pro- 
ducts. 

BussHOKU y y t^'a Sf ft ^ — surM, to search 
for a person by his picture or likeness. 

Busso y* y-^tf ft J^ adj. Exciting commo- 
tion, tumult or disturbance ; dangerous : — na 
koto. Commotion ; yo iniclii ga — da, it is 
dan^'erous travelling by night. 
Syn. SKWAOASHii, yakamashiki. 

Bcsc'yx.> -$• $5C n. The area or solid 
contents «if ajiytiiing; (used only in arith- 
metic.) 

Bc^jui y' -z, yY /Ht ?'? adj. Disagrcoable ; un- 
pleasant. 

BcTA y' Sf H^ n. A hog, pig : — no niku, pork. 
Syn. ixoKO. 

BcTABUTA -/ .9 -/ Ji adv. (coll.) Fat ; corpulent ; 

— futotte int. 

BuTAi r ^ ^ ^f S n. The stage of a theatre : 

— wo/iimu, to appear on the staige ; play in a 
theatre ; to have an experience of anything. 

BuTARK,-iiu 7*ir u/u ?S 4T pass, or pot. of 
buehi, (coll.) To be struck, hit, or beaten : bo 
de biitaretaj struck by a club. 

BuTA8E,-Ru zf^-^A' caust. of 5 u/«u. To cause 
or let another beat, or strike : tsukamaete — , 
he seized him and let (another) beat him. 

BuTCHiMERU zfyi-jfA^ See buchi-xhime. 

BuTCHozuBA -f y '^ i; ^ y 1#7g® n. A 
morose, snrly countenance. 

BuTo -fy^ i^ jg n. Dancing ; a ball : — wo 
moyditi, to get up a dance. 

BuTo y ). n. A kind of fly, gnat. 

BuTBD y 7 jfti {hotoke) n. The supreme being of 
the Buddhists ; Buddha, or Shaka ; Buddhism : 
butsudan — ^ the shrine or altar where the 
family idol and tablet is kept ; butsudo — ^8 
BnddMflm ; religion of Baddha ; butnuLd — ^ 
a Buddhist temple ; butsugo — 1§ the lan- 
guage of Buddha ; a buddhist word ; butnigu 

— j^ the fumitiire or ntensils used in Bud- 
dhist wonhip ; butstiji — ^ the worship or 

said for the dead ; butsuji — ^ a 



Buddhist temple ; hutsuma — faj a room in 
which a Buddhist idol is kept, and where 
religions services are performed; a chapel: 
butane — ^ clothes worn by Buddhist priests ; 
butHue — ^ pictures of Buddha ; Buddhist 
pictures ; buimzo — jg an image of Buddha ; 
a Buddhist idol. 

BuTSD -/y ^ See buchiy to strike. 

BuTsu y* y ^ [moTw) n. A thing : bnmbutsUf 
all things ; ichi — , one thing. 

BoTSU-BACHi y' y /-Jf- j/^^ n. Punishment 
inflicted by iJuddhu. 

BuTRU-nuTsu y* y -/ y -^ -^ adv. (coll.) The 
noise of water boiling ; bursting of bubbles ; 
grumbling: — waki-iai9U^ to boil up with a 
bubbling noise ; — kogoto wo lit, to grumble 
and scold to one's? self ; — to iu. 

BuTSDGA y' y ij ft^ {mitkan kochira) Ex- 
ternal things auii self : — no kiibetsu nashi^ 
making no distinction between things and 
one's self. 

Bdtsugi y* y ^ ft 31 i.q. btUsu-ron. 

BuTSU-GU y' y '/ \i^^ n. Offering made to a 
Bud. idol. 

BuTSUKDSA y* y ^^ — m, to grumblc. 

BuTsuMON -/ y =^1/ \^}Y\ '^' Buddhism : — 
ni iru. 

BcTSURi y 'y »; ft J^ n. Nature; principle or 
laws of things ; s«(:. -ud causes. 

BuTsuiii-GAKu ft 3(2^ n. Natural philosophy; 
physics. 

BuTSURON y' y xj >' ft ^^ n. The common 
talk ; public opinion : — kyo-kyo, talked about 
by everybody. 

BuTSu-zAi-sK 7* :^ ■9-* >f -fe i^^ 7^ # Whilst 
Shaka lived or was in the world : — no toki, 

BuTTAi -fy^^ ft ^ n. Matter ; substance : 
— 710 gaknmon. 

BDTT.40SD y* y St y :^ See btichi-taoshi. 

BuTTATAKU y* y it Jt ^ See bachi-tataki, 

BuTTSUKE -fy^r — «t iu, to speak directly or 
to one's face. 

BuTTSUKERU y* y y ^ A' See buchi-tsuke. 

Bu-UN y't/^y ^j%n. Military fortune, or luck. 

BuwAKB y'vy $n ^ n. Divided into classes ; 
arranged in classes ; percentage : — wo «u»t*, 
to classify ; to sort ; — wo tont, to receive a 
percentage. 

BuYAKU y*^ 9 K tS ^* Public service ren- 
dered by the lower classes to government : — 
ni deru, to go out on public service. 
Syn. TAKD. 

BmrojiN rZ-Yi^s^v SIffl'C? Careless ; heed- 
less; negligent; unmindful; improvident. 

BuYtJ y* =L p ^ H n. Military valor, or 
courage. 

BuTU "/zL ^ n. A gnat. 

Byakeo If -V ^ 3 & lA (shiroi kitsune) n. A 
white fox. 

BTAKunAN ^-y it fti^ dSi^* Sandal- wood, 

Byakije If "V ^ Jt g ;^ (shiroi koromo) n. Tha 
white garment used as an undress by the 
Tenshi ; any colored undress ; also the olothei 
or shroud in which a body is dressed for 
burial. 



BYA 50 

Btakuqo if-Y^**i5r6JB°- ^ protuberance 
on the forehead of Buddhist idols, supposed 
to be the orgau of omnisoience. 

Btaku-rii if-V^9>f fifln. White leprosy. 

Syn. SHIRA-HATAKE. 

Byakuri b* -Y ^ 9 ti f^ n. White mucous 
stools. 

Byakubo b* -V ^ 7 7 6 *R !»• White wax. 

Byakuro b*-V^97 fifltn. Pewter. 

Bto ifi> Bameas&tf^u. Way ; appearance : m/(il 
— mo miezu, do not see any way of saying. 

Bto ^ ^ ^ u. a tack ; a small nail with a 
large head. 

Byo ^i; KB °* Imperial ancestral temple. 

ByO If -Y ^ i^ (yamai). Sickness ; disease ; 
malady ; illness. Used only in composition, 
as : byo-chut — ^ during sickness ; while 
sick ; byd-gan^ — jfL sore eyes ; byd-go, — ^ 
{yamai agari) after a sickness ; byo-in^ — ^ 
a hospital, mfirmary; byoja, — ?ff a aick 
person ; a patient ; byd-jo, — ^ a tsick-bed ; 
byd-ha, — f, a. sick family; a house where 
there is sickness ; by5-kakut — Sg^ a sick 



OHA 



guest, or stranger; a hospital patient*; hvd- 
ki, — JK (yamai) sickness ; disease ; maUdy ; 
illness; byd-kon, — ft (yamai no ne) the 
origin or cause of disease; byO-ku, — ^ 
sufferings or pains of sickness ; byd-nan, — - f| 
calamity or misfortune occasioned by sick- 
ness ; byo'iiin^ — A. a sick person ; a patient; 
byd-nOf — {{ sufferings from sickness ; afiOic- 
tion ; byd-shi — ^ death from sickness ; a 
natural death; by^-shin, — |p a sickly person ; 
an invalid ; byo-sho, — jg symptoms of 
disease. 

Byobu b*-Y ^ 7* fl' S n. A folding screen : — 
mo, a pair of screens ; — hanzo, one screen. 

Byo-byo ^^'^^ ^'^ adr. Indistinct from 
distance ; scarcely to be distinguished, as any- 
thing on the distant horizon. 

Byo-dan -<^^v Jfiif n. The altar where 
ancestral tablets are kept. 

By6-do \£ ^ i; h P ^^ {tairaka-ni hitotht^ 
Even and equal ; just and equal : — ni kubaru, 
to distribute equally; — ni surUt to make 
equal ; — no kenrit equal rights. 



0. 



Oha ^-y ^ n. Tea: — too irete H na, make 
some tea (to a servant) ; — wo ntru, or — wo 
senjiru, to boil tea ; — wo taterUt to make tea 
from the powdered leaf ; — wo tru, to fire, or 
roast tea ; — wo hiku, to powder tea ; — wo 
Uumu, to pick tea ; — wo seiturUf to prepare 
the tea for market ; — wo tsumerUf to pack tea 
in boxes ; — wo furumauj to serve out tea ; — 
wo sonaeru, to make offerings of tea ; — kwai, 
a tea-party ; — ni gurUf to make light of, deride. 

Cha f--YT (vulg. coll.) Same as yaa. 

Chabako i'-yj^zj ^^ n. A tea-chest, or 
box. 

Chaban f-'V-'^v Jflf n. A waiter in a restau- 
rant, or eating house; a kind of theatrical 
performance ; a farce. 

Chabatakb f"Y^^^>*^ffln. A tea planta- 
tion, or a field where tea is grown. 

Chabento ^-r^vh^ SS^'fi''^* A portable 
chest with drawers and f ulruace for preparing 
tea when on a journey. 

Chabik f"Ylfs^ ^WL ^- A tea-pot. 

Ohabishaku f-'ttfi'-Y^ ^ta^H? n. A tea 
ladle. 

Chabo f"Y4^ ^tSk Q* A bantam fowl. 

ChabOki i-yaft^^^ilfn. A feather brush, 
used in sweeping up tea when grinding it in a 
mill. 

Chabon f--Yij^v S3t ^' A tea-tray. 



Chabukuro f-'YT^^n ^^n. A small 
hempen bag used for holding the tea in boil« 
ing it. 

Chabunb f--V7^^ rijtjfe n. A flat-bottomed 
boat, with heavy gunwales, pushed by a pole, 
and used for carrying earth or heavy loads. 

Chapai i-y^^i ^It n. A stand for a tea- 
cup ; a saucer. 

Chadai ^"Y^^f ^i^ n. A present made to 
servants, etc., at hotels and tea-houses : — 
wo yanif to give — . 
Syn. SASATE. 

Chadansu f--Y^v?^ ^%^ n. A cup-board 
for keeping tea and tea utensils. 

Ohadashi f*-vy^ ^'^i^' A teapot for pour- 
ing out tea. 

Chado i-y^tr ^aS n- The art of making 
tea. 

Chadoou f- -Y ^ ^ ^* ^alJI- n. Vessels and 
utensils used in making tea. 

Chaoama f- -Y *W ^ ^ n. A pot for boiling 
water. 

Chagaba ^-YA'^ ^l5? n. Tea grounds. 

Ohaowashi i-yfvs^ ^^^ n. l?ruit, or 
sweetmeats eaten with tea. 

Chahoji f--Y>N75?^*5n. A vessel for beat- 
ing tea leaves before drawing ; a tea-firer. 

Gha-ibk f'-Y'fu^Xn. A tea-caddy. 

Oha-ibi f--Y >f •; ^l^n, A pan for firing t«a. 



CHA 



51 



CHI 



Cha-ibo f"Y>f w ^fc n. Tea-color. 

Chamwan ^-'Y'f-y V s^ n. A tea-cup. 

Chajik f--Y 3? 5^ ^ A n. A master in the art 

of prtparini; powdered tea; an ecoeutric 

person. 

CHAKA8HI,-StJ f-V^X !H^ t.V. (coll.) To 

hoax ; to befool ; to trick ; to impose on, banter, 

humbug. 
Svn. ot7b9 BVfiVi azaxebu. 
Chakasu f- -V * ^ ^ S D- Tea grounds. 
Chaki f--V* ^^ n. Utensils for preparing 

tea. 
Chakik i- -y ^ i^ ^xp n. A tea-towel or 

napkin. 
Chakoshi ^ "V 3 S^ ^ 31 "^^ A tea strainer. 
Chaku f- "Y ^ ♦ — ««rM, to arrive ; to wear : 

— shidai, upon arrival ; as soon as he arrives ; 

kon-nichi Tokyo kara — shimashitay I arrived 

from T6ky6 to-day ; haori wo — iuru^ to wear 

a coat. 

Syn. TSXTKT, EIRU. 

Chasubo -f- ir ^ ij^ ^.9 ^' The principal 
wife or mother of the house. 

Chakufu ^ -Y ^ 7 ?t ^ Arrival at the capital. 

Chaktjgan ^"V^^v jt^^' Arrival in port; 
landing : — sum. 

Chaiuoah -f- "Y ^ ** V ^ Bjt {me too tsukeru), 
^iurut to look attentively at, fix the eyes 
upon. 

Chakuoyo "^-Y^^g ^ft»— wi naru, to 
arrive at (spoken only of the Emperor). 

Chaxujitsu f-Y^ ^y ^1t^* Sober-minded ; 
thoughtful ; prudent ; not flighty or specula- 
tive. 

Chasumak ^-Y^-^v MI9 n. The eldest son. 

CHAKUBTtJ f"Y^9i^ H^^ n. The eldest 
son's line, or descent through the eldest son 
of each generation. 

Chakusai ^-Y^l^^f jijl^n. The principal 
wife. 

Chaexjsen ^-Y^-ltv ^Jt^ Ship arrival: kon- 
nichi — itashinuuhita^ the ship arrived to- 
day. 

Cbakushi ^Y^i^ m^ II- The eldest son ; 
the heir. 
Syn. CHdSHi, sobto. 

Chakubhu ^-Y^S^a #^ — »t*r«f to put the 
hand to, commence to do. 

Cbakusom 'f"Y^W^|lS|n. A descendant 
in the regular line of the eldest son. 

Chaktjto f- Y ^ > t' Y f*I n< Arrival ; coming: 
— mm, to arrive, reach, come ; ninsoku no — 
wo ihiraberut take account of the number of 
coolies at work ; gunzei no — wo tsukeru, take 
account of an army, of the chiefs, and their 
clansmen who compose it. 

Gbakut5 -f-Y^ST^^^ To wear ; put on : 
kimono wo — ruru, to put on clothes. 

Cbakdza 'f'-r ^-^ JtM («« «t tsuku) To sit 
down ; take a seat : — sum. 

Chamaoa i- -y ^ if n. i.q. ehagama ; (Tokyo 
dialect). 

Cbamaxx ^-y "t j» n. A kind of confectionery 
made of beans coated with sugar. 

<3bai[sshx f- -y > $^ $ S^ Q* Bice boiled in tea. 



Chamisb f-Y^-fe ^/gn. A tea-house ; a 
shop where tea is sold. 

Chan f-Yv (coll.) n. Father (said only by 
the lower classes). 

Chan f- Y v J^ ^g n. Tar ; resin ; pitch. 

Chanchanbozu f'Yvf'Yv/^^^ n. (vul. 
coll.) A Chinaman (from the resemblance of 
his head to a poppy capsule). 

Chanofu f- -^ ? y jj^Pi n. A tea price-current. 

Ohanoko f- Y >? 3 ^ ^ n. Cake, sweet- 
meats, or aiiythinc eaten with tea. 

Chanosia f- y ) ^ ^ R3 n. The dining room ; 
tea room. 

Chanotu f- y /^ ^ ^ S^ o« Tea-making or tea 
party, (said only oi powdered tea). 

Chan-to f" Y 5^ > adv. (coll.) Well ; correctly ; 
straight ; right ; perfectly ; completely ; full : 
kimono wo — guru, to settle, or rectify one's 
dress ; — shita nari^ precise, or exact in dress 
and behaviour ; — mmi-maBhita, it is com- 
pletely finished ; — ihite ore^ sit straight. 
Syn. sHiKA-TO. 

Chappo f- Y 3^ ^ -k^ (coll.) The cloth worn 
around the loins by women. 

Chari f* y 9 n. A buffoon ; buffoonery. 

Chabi-banashi f* Y 9 /^•^ 5.^ n. Humorous 
talk. , 

Chari-shibai f'Y 9 5^/<>f »• Comedy ; farce. 

Charumera f-Y>i'-)*9 ?jj9\n. A trumpet, 
bugle : — fuki, a trumpeter. 

Chaseki f*Y-fe4»^/S5n. A place where a 
tea-party assembles. 

Chasen f-Y-bv^^n* A tea-stirrer made 
of bamboo. 

Chashaku f-Ys^-Y^^ftn. A tea-spoon, or 
ladle. 

Chabhi f-Y i' ^$i|» n- A tea-grower. 

Chashibu f* Y S^y ^ 5& n. The deposit from 
tea, as on an old teapot or towel. 

Chashitsu f-YJ^S' ^gn. A tea-room ; a 
room for drinkinct tea. 

Chatei f* Y T >f ^ i^ n* A small building 
separate from the house for tea parties ; an 
inn. 

;g n. A tea-house. 

% n. Offerings of tea 



Chaten f*YT5^ ^ 
Chato i-'TStf; ^ 

made to idols. 
Chato f--Y f adv. 
Chatsubo f* Y J' iK 

+CHATSUKI Sf-^ V ^ 

Chatsumi i- -^ y \ 



Quickly. 

^ ^ n. A tea jar. 
u. A tea-cup. 
^ ^K n. A person who 
gathers tea leaves from the tree. 
Chatto f* Y 7 > adv (coll.) Quickly; instantly; 

well; perfectly. 
Cha-usu f*-Y ^ 3^ ^5F ^' A tea mill for pul- 
verizing tea ; a rice- bowl. 
Chawan f-irs^v^ftn. A tea-cup. 
Chat A f- Y Y ^ g u. A tea-store, tea-house, 
eating saloon : — 6airt, frequenting tea-houses. 
Chayzn f'Y-'^V'^nn. A tea garden, oz 

plantation, 
Chazomb f- Y y > S^ S^ n. Dyed of a tea color. 
Chazxtkb f-Y^^* ^3f ^- A food made by 

mixing boiled rice m tea ; lunch. 
1Chx f- n. A fish-hook ; i.a. tsurihari. 



cm 



52 



cm 



fCni f- n. Wind. Only used in oompoundB, 
as ko-chi, haya-chi. 

IGhi f- n. a reed or tall grass. 
Syn. KATA. 

Chi -f* ^ {sen) A thousand : — tose^ a thousand 
years ; — tabi, a thousand times. 

Chi f* n. a loop ; — wo ttukeru, to fasten a 
loop to anything. 

Chi -f- itfc n. The earth ; a place or region of 
country ; the hlank space at the foot of a 
page : ten -^, heaven and earth ; to — , this 
part or region of country. 
Syn. tsdchi, tokoro. 

Chi f* ifeL n. Blood : — wo hakut to vomit 
blood ; — no namida, tears of blood ; — wo 
toru^ to take blood, to bleed ; — no meguri, 
the circulation of the blood ; — ga sawagu, 
derangement of the menses ; — ga kudaruj dis- 
charge of blood ; — too tomeru, to stop the flow 
of blood ; — ga derxiy it bleeds. 
Syn. KETSU. 

Cm 4- % n. Milk ; the breasts. 

Chi ^ ^n. Wisdom ; shrewdness ; cleverness ; 
knowledge : — Jio aru hitOt a clever person ; 
niu — , ignorant. 

Syn. KASHIKOKI, SATOKI. 

■fCHi f- adj. Contraction of to*/it, year; used 

only in numerals, as }uitachi\ miaoji, etc. 
Chun 'f- r J^ J^ ^ n. Peace ; tranquility : — 

WO titimatageru, to disturb the peace. 
Chian-saibansho 'f-T^'-9->f/'fi^>'=? f"^^-^ 

^1] p;}- n. The Court for the preservation ot the 

peace. 
fCHiARE f-Ti^ n. A miscarriage, abortion. 
Chibanare ^^-f -^ v^ % SJt n. Weaning: — wo 

shita, to be weaned ; — wo aareru. 
Chtbare-mono i- /< u^ J n. A swelling of the 

breast. 
Chibasbiri,-bu f'/^yi' jfa :^ i.v. To bleed; 

to run with blood : chibashiru manakOt blood 

shot eyes. 
Chibi,-ru f" If /i* ^ i.v. To waste away little 

by little ; wear away ; grow less and less : mai 

nichi tiukatta kara toUhi mo hocho mo chibita^ 

the whetstone and knife from daily use waste 

away ; noki amadare de ishi ga ehibita^ the 

stone is worn away by rain dropping from the 

eaves ; chibi-fude, a pencil the point of which 

has been worn off. Syn. heru. 
Chibi-chibi f- If f* If St j& adv. Little by little ; 

a little at a time; in small quantities; in 

driblets : kane wo — watasUj to pay money a 

little at a time ; — take wo nomu, 
Syn. suKosHi-zuTSu. 
fCHiBiKi f- If 4» — noishiy Sk rook so large that 

it takes a thousand men to move it : — no 

tsuna, a very strong rope. 
Chibo lF-ijfT> fr §R 11' Clever at planning; 

fertile in expedients. 
Chiburui f-T^ii'b ifa 1^ n. The shivering of 

lying-in women ; the cold stage of milk fever ; 

dizziness. 
Chibusa ^y-f 91^ ^' ^^® nipple of the 

breasts : — wo fukumeru, to give a child the 

breast. 



Chichi f-f- 5C «^' Father: — ftafca, fathei 
and mother ; — kata no shinrui^ relations on 
the father's side ; — nashi go, a child whose 
father is dead. 

Syn. TETEOYA, TO-TO, 0-T0TT8AN, CHAN. 

Chichi f- f- ^ n. Milk ; the breasts ; a 
nurse : — ga deru^ the milk flows ; — ga liant^ 
the breast is swollen ; ; — wo amasu^ to throw 
up milk (as an infant) ; . — wo nomageru^ to 
give suck : — wo shiboru^ to milk ; — kxuai^ 
smelling of milk, babyish ; — no haremono, 
abscess of the breast ; — wo hanasu^ to wean. 

Chichi f- f* jH ig Tardily ; slowly : — to susu- 
mu, to advance slowly. 

Syn. ouzu-ouzu bhite, himadorite, soro- 
sobo to. 

Chichieu f- V ^ St aS — sum,, to ride or pur- 
sue on horseback. 

iCmcHiNOMi f- V y 5 n. The fruit of the 
ichd. 

Syn. GINNAN. 

1 Chichiwaku Ni -f- V t; ^ - adv. Variously: 

— hi to wa iu tnmo. 

Cnicnr ^ f- t> jja? JOS {tachi motoru), — surii^ to 
be kIdw ; to hesitate ; to delay : — naku, 
I witliont delay. 
I Syn. chCcho ruru, tamerau. 

I CmcnC-KAi -f- ^ i5r * >f i\t^ '^ »• The 

Mediterranean sea. 
' Cui-UAUAKE i'^'yir adj. Smeared with blood. 

+CniDARi f- ^' y n. A chimuey. 
I Syn. KKMUniDASHi. 

I Chidome ^ \' >t liU jL "• A styptic. 
Chidon f- I'.i/' i^ ^ — '"i» slow to understand ; 

stupid; fooli»ii. 
Chidori f* I* y =f* J^ n. A snipe or plover : — 
ashi ni aruku^ to walk with steps crossing 
each other, as a snipe, or to totter; — }(/ rm, 
to cross-stitcli. 
Chie 'f- 3l %**;!§ n. Wi.sdom ; intelligence ; 
talent ; cleverness; ingenuity: — fukaki hito, 
a very intelligent person ; — asaki mono, a 
person of little cleverness ; — aru hito^ a wise 
man ; — no nai otoko da, a man of no talent ; 

— 110 tea, a puzzle made of rings; — no ifa, 
a kind of game or puzzle. 

Syn. kashieoi, riso, baichi. 
Chi-e f* on n. A thousand-fold. 
Chi-en f- -ai V a5 5^ Delay ; to be late ; tardy : 

— ni oyobu, lo be delayed. 

Chib-no-hi i- jc ^ h n. Wisdom which, like 
fire, purifies the heart from passion and lust. 
(Bud.) 

Chiezuki,-ku f-3i5f^ i.v. To grow in intel- 
ligence, or knowledge : dan-dan chiezuite otona 
ni naru. 

+CHIPURI NO KAMI ^ 7 9 ^ ij ^ u. The god of 
roads, who protects travelers. 
Syn. DosojiN. 

Chifusu f- 7 :^ (Eng.) Typhus : eJid — , typhoid 
fever : hasshin — , eruptive typhus. 

Chioae,-ru i-it^^ t.v. To make to differ, 
or different; to dislocate ; to vary: koronde udc 
no 9t{ji wo — , I fell and put my arm out ol 
joint. 



CHI 



58 



cm 



Chioai f- fT b at o. Difference ; dissimilarity ; 
distiuction ; variation ; mistake : ^ wa fiat, 
there is no difference ; identical. 

Chtoai,-au f^ify aft i.v. To be different ; to 
differ ; to be unlike ; to vary ; to be dissimilar ; 
to mistake; to miss: nippon nofude to gai- 
koku nofude to wa — matUt the Japanese pen 
differs from that of foreigners ; doko no kuni 
demo hito no kokoro wa ehigawanai, in every 
nation the heart of man is the same ; iki — , 
to miss in going ; sure — , to graze in passing; 
fumi — , to make a false step ; fione ga — , the 
bone is out of joint, or dislocated ; moku- 
teki ga — , to miss one*s aim ; to be disappo- 
inted. 

Syn. TAOAU, KOTONABU, MAOHIOAU. 

Chioai-daha f*:jbrb^-^3tlRD• A shelf, one 

half of whidi is on a different plain from the 

other. 
Chioawa8B,-bu ^^^n-IkA' caust of cAt|7aM. To 

cause to differ, or be unlike ; make different ; 

to vary. 
Chioata ^if-y y n< A kind of rush, same 

as ftaya, dog grass. 
Chioi f-i^f ^fP {hakari) n. A weighing 

beam, steelyard ; also a wedge let into a board 

to prevent it from cracking ; the cross-beams 

on the top of tbe roof of a miya. 
Ghigi f-^ 1^ fj^' (Aumtfu ftamt) n. Gods that 

dwell on the earth. 
CHioiBE,-Bn f'^wii' mitk i-v. To be torn, 

rent, broken : kimono ga chigirete tagatta^ the 

clothes are torn and hanging down. 

Syn. KIBERU, TABUBXBU. 

Chioibb-chioibb f-d|rwf-d^w KK &d^* 
Scattered ; broken ; torn ; rent to pieces. 

Chioibi,-bu t^f^ ^.^ ^'^' ^° *®*''» *° 
pluck off : kaki wo chigitte torn, to pluck off a 
persimmon ; kenkwa sunde no bochigiri, (prov.) 
flourishing a stick after the fight is over. 
Sjrn. xusHiBU, Moau. 

Cbioibi f* 4^ 9 I^ n. An alliance, relation of 
marriage or friendship; a union, compact, 
agreement, engagement: — wo miuuhUf to 
make an idlianoe : to be engaged, affianced, or 
promised in marriage : shU-jU no — kono yo 
nomi ni araMu, the relation ofi master ^nd 
servant is not confiiied to this wpHrl/ .... 

Syn. TAKUSOKU, KBITAXn, JtfAJriWAB;. \ , , 

CHi6iBi,-Bn f-4?ii' 1^ (tenigini) i_.v. To form 
an alllanoe, or engagement ; '.have fellowship ' 
with ; make a compact : hiio lO ehigini 'ncra 
tuuku chigirite sue woba toge-yo^ in our In- 
teroourse with others, slight familiarity will 
conduce to long friendship. 

Syn. MAJIWABU, TAKUBOKU SUBC. 

f CmaiBi-xi f- 4^ 9 ^ n. A cane. 

Syn. TSUE. 
Chioo f" rf % ^ n. An infant, child ; a page 
of the Emperor, or of a priest. 

Syn. WABAMBE, AKAHBO. 

Okzoobami f- zf,^ \ n. (lit. infant bite) The 
bites inflicted on a mother's nipple by an in- 
fant : — de nayamu. 

Cbxoo-oao f-if^ih n. i.q, osanagao. 



Chioo-oi ^ zf t b n The appearance of • 
person in childhood. 

Chiowai-hokbn f- / T7 >f ^\ 7 ^ V J^ ^ vi S n. 
Extra-territorial jurisdiction. 

Ghi-gto f-d^-Yi> ^p ;ff n. The estate of a 
lord, or noble : — wa sai-koku nite taka wii 
jU man goku^ his estate is in the western' 
provinces, and revenue one hundred thou- 
sand koku. 
Syn. btobun, shorto. 

Chihatsu f'/^y M ^ (kami wo soru) n. 
Tonsure ; shaving the head ; entering the 
priesthood. 

Syn. EASHIRA-OBOSHI, TBraATSn, BAKUSHOETT. 

fCHiHAYA f-zN-v n. A kind of mourning coat. 
IChihatabubu f* /> -Y 7* '^ ftdj. A pillow word 

used with Kami=tski shooting. 
Ceibbi f* ^ >r ^ 2]x n. The horizon (on land). 
Chihibo f- b n n. A thousand fathoms ; very 

deep. 
Chiho f- ^Mjr J4 :^ n. Locality ; local ; district | 

province : — kwan^ the governor of a province. 
Chi-i f- >f J4{i (same as i-chi) n. Degree; grade ; 

measure ; station ; pitch ; point ; position ; 

extent. 
Chi-in f- >f V j^p ^ n. An intimate friend, or 

acquaintance. 
Chu8Ai,-xi f-^-i^>f ;j\ adj. Small; little; 

minute ; trifling ; of small import«»uce : — 

tnti, a little dog ; — koe, a low voice ; — tokit 

when one was little, or young ; — Aruti, a 

trifling wound ; — koto, an unimportant mat- 
ter. 
Ghiisaeu ^A"^ 9 adv. — nara, to become 

small ; — rum, to make small ; — nai, not 

little. 
Chiibo f* >f "^^ ^ adv. Ck>nt. of ehiieaku. 
Ghi-ji f- 3^ ^ y n. The chief magistrate oi 

governor of a ken, han or fu, 
iCniJi f-f* (a thousand thousand) Very many; 

— no omoi, many anxious thouf/hts. 
CHijiZAMABi,-Bn f'f'^ ^ ii' ll^ i.<r. To shrink ; 

to contract ; 'to shrug up : saiiukute chijika- 

matta^ shrunk with cold. 
Chuieb,-bu i'i-*^ n^ i.v. To hu curly, frizzled ; 

i.q. chijireru, 
Chijii^u ,f- i»,^ Pkib ^' ^he ft^is o' ^^6 earth. 
,CHiJiyAB^,-5iu .^ i' -r ^ il^ i.v. To shrink, 
; ' ccntfact, dimmish in size, shrug up ; to be 

corrugated ; to shorten. 
C^uii;B,-,Pt7 f* -^ j» ^ 1^ t.v. To cause to con- 

ti'aci,.^in]f,. lessen in bulk; to corrugate, 
• wriiikle , to shorten : inochi wo — , to shorten 

life. 
Chuimi f* ^' a 16 i.v. To be contracted, shrunk, 

corrugated, shortened. 
Chijimi i- ^ % ^ n. A kind of corrugated 

cloth. 
Chijibb,-bu ^ ^ u a* I^S i-v. To be curled, 

frizzled, corrugated, wrinkled : kami ga chiju 

rerUt the hair is curled ; chijireke^ curly hair; 

woolly hair. 
Chijo f- s? ir '5' ^'fS^- foolish love, affection, 

or attacbment. 
Syn. Auo. 



cm 



54 



CHI 



Cbuoku ^^m ^ fsH^u. Disgrace ; dishonor ; 
shame ; opprobimn : — iro torut to be dis- 
graced ; — wo ataerUf to disgrace another. 

Syn. HAJI, HAZUKASmiCB. 

Chixa f* :^ a^. (used only in comp. words) 
Near ; close by. 

Chikadonabi ^ jtr 1? -h 9 n. Near neighbor. 

Chikaoatsue ^ tr ^* 7 2 jg. {)L Hunger ; craving 
food. 

Chikagobo f- jtr ^ n a£ 9 <^^* Lately ; re- 
cently ; of late ; latterly : — wa hayari yamai 
dkut epidemic diseases have prevailed mnch of 
late; — kita, came lately; — katajikenai, 
much obliged ; — ni nai mezurashii koto, not 
for may years sooh a strange thing. 

Syn. XONOAIDA, SIN-SAI, XOMOaOBO. 

fCHiKAOOTO ^ff zfi* n. Oath; i.q. ehikai, 

Chisai,-ki-xu-bhi f-A>f ^ adj. Near; close 
by; recent; familiar; easy; alike; about; 
nearly : — michi, a near way ; ckikaku iuru, to 
bring near; chikaki toshi, in recent times; 
ehikaki shinrui, near relatives ; ammari chi- 
kaku gozarimasen, they are not so near or 
much alike (of two words) ; mimi ga — , sharp 
of hearing ; sen ryo chikaki^ about a thousand 
ryo, 

Chieai f* ^ b 9 n. An oath, promise : — 
ehikai wo musubu, to bind by an oath ; chikai 
wo tateru, to take an oath; chikai ni somukUf 
to break an oath. 
Syn. SEiooN. 

Chikai,-au f- J(r 7 9 ^'^- ^^ ^^^® ^^ ^^^^ * 
to swear ; to vow, promise, covenaut : ware 
mato wo inukazumba chikatte kono ba wo sa- 
raji, I swear, if I do not hit the mark, I will 
not leave this place. 

Ohika-jika 'f'fji^ij aj 35; (kin-kin) adv. Soon ; 
shortly ; in a short time ; before long : — no 
uchi Tokyo ye maiVimafu, I shall go to Tokyo 
soon. 

Syn. T5KABAZU, eikjitsu. 

iCHDLAKi-MAMOBi f* j> ^ V * 9 u. The Imperial 
body- guard. 

Chikaku f-ff^ $P K [oboe) n. Feeling ; sen- 
sation ; sensibility : shinkei no chikaku wa don 
ni naru, the sensibility of the nerves is blunt- 
ed ; — Tiashi, insensible ; without feeling ; 
apathy. 1 m •*> ;•* 

Chika-masabi -f* 5ar ^ ■9" 9 n. Aif^eafViiiQg;b^tter» 
for beinj? near. • ..'...» 

Chikame i-ij :t at t3. n. Near^si^hjedtiess.' . 

Chisa-michi i—Jui^- n. A •s^iit cea<>,j)^^ 

Chika-otori i- fj t h ^ n. Appearing the 
worse for beiug near. 

Chikaba f- ^ 5 -/yn. Strength ; ability ; power ; 
force; authority; influence : chikarawo arasd, 
to dispute about strength, trying who is the 
strongest ; kane wo chikara ni iurti, to rely on 
money ; — wo yoseru, to aid, assist ; chikara 
wo awaturUf to unite together with strength, 
money, or talent, in order to accomplish some- 
thing ; — ni oyobu, to be able ; — wo tanomi 
to shite^ depending on his strength ; — wo 
Uuku8u, to exert all one's strength; — ga 



ochiru, to be discouraged ; to lose heart ; to be 
disappointed ; — wo ototu, to be disheartened, 
lose courage ; — wo tsukeru, to encourage. 
Syn. BiKi, iKioi. 

tCHiXABA f* j(r 9 Sl n. Tax paid to government. 

iCHiXABABiTO f* A ^ i£ )• u. A stroug man ; a 
wrestler. 

Chixaba-daxx i- m ^ jf ^ -/j ^ n, A bamboo 
uied to give strength, or carried by coolies to 
support a burden while resting. 

Chixaba-oane i-fi^if^j^^u. A buckle. 

Chieara-gawa f*J5r9#*''^3ifn. A stirrup- 
leather. 

Chikabaob f- a 9 y 7^7 ^ n. The long hairs 
on the arms, breast, and legs, supposed to 
indicate strength. 

CmxABAGX i- ff ^ if -/j ^ n. A weaver's beam. 
Syn. cHixiBi. 

IChixaba-ouba ^ ^ 9 / 9 n. Store-house for 
keeping rice-tax. 

jChixaba-oubuma f-*-Y/^vn. A cart or 
wagon for hauling heavy loads. 

Chixaba-xobu f*^9=>y7!7i8f». The lump 
made on the arm above the elbow by the con- 
traction of the biceps- flexor muscle. 

Chixaba-xubabb -^ ^ 9 ^ 9 ^ n. Trial of 
strength ; wrestling. 

Chixaba-mochi f- * 9 ^ f- -/j^^ Trying or ex- 
hibiting strength by lifting heavy weights : — 
wo 8uru, 

fCHIXABA-NO-XAMI f- ft '^ ? fj I iJ^Un. 

Formerly the superintendent of taxes and 
revenue in the Mikado'n government. 

fCHIXABA-SHINE i" fl ^ l^^ U. BicC taX. 

JChixaba-shiro f- :* 9 i' p n. Anything given 
in lieu of labor. 

Ghixaba-waza f* j> 9 !7 -9* n. Work which 
requires strength. 

Chixarazuxi,-xu f- :ltr 9 5^ ^ t.v. To recover 
strength, regain health. 

Chixara-zdxu f- * 9 !/ ^ n. Through strength 
only; depending on strength; by virtue of 
strength : — de koto wo sum ; — no koto. 

Chixa- WABi f* * >n 9 n. The method of cal- 
culating the local expenses in proportion to 
the value of land. 

Chixawase.-bu f* ij /\^A>' caust. of ehikau. To 
6aase or Wajioiher swear, or take an oath. 

(MiK^A^oius;^,Titu Tf* ^ 3 9 is iu caust. of cJUka- 
' ^orfc, tb caifse Or let another approach or draw 

'»ije^.; 

.(>bsxayobi,-b(7^ 'f* t* 3 ** ifc ^ i'V» To ap- 
. proach, come,'Gf draw near. 

Chixatosx,-bu f- * 9 -Is A' t.v. To bring near, 
cause to approach. Syn. chixazuxbbu. 

Chibazuxb,-bu f* :!& y ^ j^ Qgl t.v. To bring 
near, cause to approach, cause to associate 
with : kodomo wo aku-nin ni chikazukeru koto 
wa waruif it is wrong to bring ohildren near 
bad men. 

Chixazuki,-xu -f* ^ !/ ^ ai ^ i.v. To come or 
draw near, approach, abuociate with : samuza 
ga dan-dan chikazuku^ cold weather is gradu- 
ally drawing near. 
Syn. CHIXATOBU. 



CHI 



66 



CHI 



GHiKizTna f-^y^ftlRn. An aoqnaintanoe, 
companion, friend. 

Syn. TOMODACHI, BdYfi. 

Cmxsi ^irJf M^fg (toehino kataehi) n. The 

shape or eontoui of a country. 
Ghi-xxkubx f'^A9 iniSt ^' Vapor which 

rises from blood : ckikemuri tatete tatakau, 
Cbixeii ^^v ^^ n. Knowledge. 
Chobn f* ^v i^l^ n. A deed for the sale 

or transfer of land. 
Ghiu f-^ ^}^ n. An intimate acquaintance, 

friend. Syn. chixazuki, h6y0. 
^^^Bii^i^ ^^ V M ^' ^ weaver's beam. 
Chikibi-jimx f-i|s9s^>i ]^)j(n. A piece of 

wood let into two boards to bind them to- 
gether ; a wooden clamp. 
fCmuBi-xoinTBi ^^ V fJtf ^ 9 i)> The white 

bomiet worn by women at funerals. 
Chikzto f" 7 ^ 9 jl @ '^- Ck>nfinement in one's 

own house for eome ofienoe : — «a«eni, to im- 

piiK>n in one's house. 

Syn. OBHI-XOMB, hximon, 'SBNBTO. 

Cmxxuai f* 7 ^ 9 ady. (coll.) A little, in time, 

degree, or spnce : — magattat a little bent. 
Cmso ^ =1 ^ {g n. A person of small stature ; 

a dwarf=cAua^o. 
CHIX5 f* jtr !> (cont. of chikaku: see ehikai) adv. 

Near : — goxaritaasu^ it is near. 
Cmxo ^ 9 n. A priest whose duty it is to 

entertain the visitors at a temple. 
Syn. BH1KA. 
Ghikobu f- 3 y n, (coll.) A bloody tumor, 

aneurism. 
Ghiku "f- ^ mtfSt — tttru to ride or drive (a 

horse) 
Gmxu f- ^ ^ {take) s. Bamboo, mostly used 

in compounds words. 
GdiKUBA f* ^ ^\ ^^ n. A bamboo horse ; stilts : 

— no tomo, a playfellow. 

Gbikubi f- ^ h* fL IS »• The nipples ; teat. 

Ghiku-cbiku f- ^ f- ^ adv. (coll.) Pricking ; 
sticking : — ttat, a pricking pain ; — sum, to 
prick, stick. 

Chi-kudaw f- ^ ^ 9 F 4a. {geketsu) n. A 
bloody flux. 

Ghkutujin f-^7s?3^^-^An. A flea trap, 
made of split bamboo. 

Gbisu-hiku f* ^ ^n ^ ^ -rR D. Record. 

Gmsn-iCHi f- ^ >f f- ag — adv. Minutely ; par- 
ticularly ; each and every one : — ni hanathi 
wo ncru, to tell minutely, tell every particular ; 

— ni thdehi itashimashita, I understand all 
the particulars. 

Syn. KUWASHIXU, isai-mi, ichi-ichi. 

CmzuBix ^^93^^#n. A bamboo-grove. 
Syn. sasa-tabu. 

CmxuBui ^^>^>flS^ii' A beast, animal. 

CHi-KusAif-xz-KU-BBi ^ ^ -^^ % adj. Smelling 
of milk ; young ; babyish. 

CmKUBHi f- ^ 5^ S ')c (dan-dan) — ni, suc- 
cessively ; in order. 

Cbikushx f- ^ S^ ^ft ^' A comic newspaper, 
punch. 

CmKUBBi ^ ^ S^ ^ $!^ n. A very thin kind of 
paper made of bamboo. 



Ohikusho f> ^ i^-r fr If £ n. A beast, bmt«» 
animal. This word includes also birds and in. 
sects : — baramit giving birth to a litter, or 
triplets. 

GniKUSHdnd i-^l^^P^^ ff ^ 91 n* A 
place ol torment in the Buddhist infemum. 

Ghixutbn ^ ^ T i^ aS flS Absconding i — # am, 
to abscond ; to run or flee away ; kuni wo ^ 
surut to abscond from one's country. 
Byn. KioBBir, shvfpon subu. 

Chikwan ^3^v^ iS tt — 'tf Vi to delay, 
procrastinate ; to be tardy, slow. 

Chikut5 f- ^ j& 7 4)- JH n. Wine ; ardent spirit; 
$ake. 
Syn. SASA. 

Chikto f- ^ 7 lifcilk n. An isthmus. 

Ghiktodai f-4»-Vtr^>f JLXiS^ n. One 
nursed by the same nurse, or at the samo 
breast ; foster brother. 

ChixtO f- ^ tr iik^n. The globe ; a terres- 
trial-globe : — no Mu,a map of the world. 

Ghimaxi f* •« i|^ )g n. A kind of rice cake. 

Ghiicaki f- ^ ^ n. Wound around with the 
c At, grass. 

GancAMx f* ^ >i n. A blood blister. 

Ghihamibb f--^ ^ V ih^- Smeared with blood. 

Syn. CHXDAIUXXr CHIMinOBO. 

Ghimanako f- -^ -h 3 ih 9|b i2* Blood-shot eyes, 

or eyes reddened (as with anger). 
Ghimata f- -^ jr 1^ n. Forks of a road ; a street; 

a town; a place: kassen no — , a field of 

battle. 
Ghimatsubi f- r 7 9 X n. The offering of the 

blood of the first one of the enemy slain in 

battle to the Kami, to insure victory. 
Ghik AToi f- v 3 b lia ^ n. Deranged in mind 

from rush of blood to the head. 
Ghimba f- V 7< |)t (coll.) Lame : kata — , lame 

in one leg. 
Syn. BiKKo. 
Ghimbiki ^ i^\^^ 9 % ^' (^^^^') Spinning 

cotton thread by the job. 
Ghimbo f- i^i^ n. The male member (used by 

children). 
Ohimbotsu ^ Vi|f 7 '^^^(ihizumiiru) — suru^ 

to be submerged ; to be lost, ruined, destroyed. 
Ghimbu f* V 7* ^ m (tori-shizumeru) — $urUf 

to calm, subdue, settle, quell. 
Ghimbutsu ^ d^ :/ 7 ^ ^ (mezurashii mono) 

n. A rare thing; unusual and excellent; a 

curiosity. 
Ghiue f* >r n. Eye red from inflammation; 

conjunctivitis. 
Chimi f*^ tttt n. An el!, satyr, dryad, 

nymph of the woods. 
Ghi-hi f* ^ ^^ (earth food) n. Food pro- 
duced by the earth itself without human labor 

(an ancient fiction). 
Ghi-uidobo f- ^ 1? n n. Smeared with blood. 

S3m. CHIDARAKB. 

GBiira ARi f* V -^ 9 ik ^^' Abridged ; con 
densed ; reduced in size ; in miniature : — to 
Hhita yoi ie da, a small and neat house. 

Ghimmoohi f*v«f- ^^ n, (coU.j Garrying 
goods or burdens of any kind by tne job. 



CHI 



56 



cm 



Obiu-moku f- V * ^ Jfc Si n- Taciturn ; silent; 
reserved. 

Syn. MOKUNEN. 

IChimobi f-^ 9 u. A watobman, policeman. 
4Chimoto ^ ^ f (a thousand stems) A mul- 
titude. 
Chimpi f* V b* EK K n. Dried orange peel. 
Cbimpo f- V ;K ^ ^9 ^* ^MTQ and valuable 

things ; precious things ; treasures. 
Chi-myaku f- I -V ^ n. The veins of the earth, 

in which gas is supposed to circulate. 
Chin f • v ^ pro. I ; me. Only used by the 

Mikado, when speaking of himself. 
Chin f* v ^ij^ ^ ^ n. A small pet dog. 
Chin f-v ;^ {tei) n. A small summer-house 

or saloon used for pleasure or amusements ; 

an arbour. 
CmN f- ^^ 5r ^* Hire ; fare ; wages : tana-chin, 

house rent ; f ana-chin, boat hire, or freight ; 

tema-chin, price of labor; da-chin, fare for 

transporting on horseback ; nn-chin, freight, 

fare ; — xco harau, to pay the hire. 
China -f- -h ^ P n. China. 
iCHiNA f- -^ -sf- ^ — ni tnttu, to have one's 

name uoised abroad (generally on account of a 

love affair). 
IChina f* -^ n. The foot-stalk, or peduncle of 

a flower or fruit. 
Syn. hoso. 
Chinami f* -^ ^ its n- Connection ; relation ; 

alliance; cause; reason: — wo musubu, to 

form an intimate alliance. 

Syn. BN, YUKABI. 

Chinami-ni f* -h ^ ^ g] adv. To take the op- 
portunity, in connection with, or apropos to 
this subject : sen-koku iktua-banashi no uchi 
ni uma no koto ga arimathita ga, tono — , vma 
no koto wo kuwaxhiku o hanashi moshinuntu, 
as there was something said about a horse in 
the war-story just told, I will take the occasion 
to speak about the horse. 

Syn. T8UIDB-NI. 

Chin-atsu i-i^t y ^% — turn, to put down, 

suppress, quell, subdue. 
Chin-chin -f* v f- i^ (vul. coll.) — de iru, to be 

jealous ; intimate, loving, spooney : — kamo- 

kamo de irn, to be spooney. 
Chincho f-vf-3$' ^t n. Happiness ; 

bliss : — «t»-M, to prize, value highly. 
Syn. KEKKo. 
Chindai f-v^^ ^ S !>• A garrison. 
Cbindan f- v^ V 1^ gl (vMzurathi banathi) n. 

News ; rare and excellent story. 
Cbindeki f* 5^ r * 'di'M {8hiiumi oboru) n. — 

suru, devoted to, immerged in, addicted. 
Cbinfu f-3^7 BIW (fi^ruktuai) — na, trite; 

common ; net new : — no setsu, a trite saying. 
Chingen f- v^i^ ti"S' (fnruki kotoba) n. A 

trite or common saying. 
Chingin f-v^i^ ^^^ — «"^» to speak to 

one's self, soliloquize : ikaga icn to — sum, 

*' what shall I do," he said to himself. 
Ohingo f* V =' $1 ^ {shizume mamoru) — sum, 

to govern ; to guaid and keep in subjection ; 

to tranquilize. 



Chinji f* V 3? ^ y {mezurashi koto) n. A 

strange thing ; unwonted ; uncommon affair ; 

(generally in a bad sense). 
Chinju f> V s^ a ^ ^ {shizume mamoru) Thi 

presiding or guardian deity of a place: — ' 

sum, to garrison; — /m, a garrison. 
Chinjutsu f* y 5? 3. 5^ HaS {mdshi noberu) — 

sum, to state, tell, relate : — sho, a written 

statement, memorial. 
Chinkbi-zai f-v^>flP>f iSlStMn* (med.) 

Antispasmodic medicines. 
Chinki f* V 4" I^ ^ n- A rare and preoioui 

utensil. 
Chinki f-v^* -fSfc (Eng.) n. Tincture: tettn 

chinki, tiuct. of iron ; fukuho — , compound 

tincture. 
Chinkin f- V ^ ^^ 9 & ^' Wages ; hire. 

Syn. CHINSBN. 
Chinkinbohi f- v ^ v;»f V '^^V^ n. Carved 

find gilt work ; chased gold work. 
CniNKo i-i^^ijt^ ^^ n. Delicious (said oi 

tilings eaten with sake). 
CuiNKO f- V 3 i.q. chimbo. 
Chinkwa f- y ^ y jl >k — »wn4, to be extin- 
guished, as a conflagration : — *iiru. 
CmNomcHi, f-y 5 f" ]fai8 n- Blood -vessels; 

dizziness ; rush of blood to the head ; head- 
ache ; circulation of blood, (only used of wo- 
men) : — (fa okont, to have dizziness. 
Chinomigo ^>?5=f51,^n. A suckling ; an 

infant. 
Chinori ^79 itfef»l n. The strong, advan- 

tageouH, or important strategical places of a 

country : ten no toki wa — ni shikazu. 
Syn. tog AX. 
IChinori f* y 9 n. — no yufci, a quiver capabla 

of holding many arrows. 
Chinowa f* 7 T7 n. A ring made of the tall 

grass called chi, supposed to protect against 

the plague. 
Chinbbtsu f- 3^ u 5' ffi y^] {narabe sonaeru) — 

sum, to arrange, put in order. 
Chinbin f" V 9 i^ *2fc ?& (thizumi shizumaru) 

Ruin ; destruction ; perdition (Bud.). 
Chinsatsu i-i^-f y Sfc ft — '"''"t to poison ; 

kill with poison. Syn. dokusatsu. 

Chinsbi f-vis>r ^1$ — sum, to bubdne, 

calm, settle. 
Chinskn f- V -te V 5f S2 ^« ^ii® ? ^ages , 

money earned. 
Chinsbtsu f"Vif "y ^ tH (^nezurashi hanashi) 

n. News: nan zo — wa gozarimasen ka, i» 

there any news ? 
Chinsha f-yi^-y St Jtt {moshi-wake wo sum) — 

sum, to explain, or plead in one's defense ; to 

apologize. 
Chinshi f- 5^ »• "^ »^ {toku to kangaeru) — 

sum, to think deeply, cooRidor well. 
ChINSHIGOTO f'V5•::f^ ^\i:^ TU Wotk 

done by the job or piece ; job work. 
Chinsho f- V v^ 3 2^ HT {mezurashi shomoUu). 

A rare and valuable book. 
Chinsui f- V >^ >f '^ffi ^ suru, to be intosi- 

oated ; dead drunk. 
Syn. ^uxuBUi, ueizbi. 



cm 



57 



CHI 



Gbintai f' >^ if >f ^ S n. A governor or chief 
civil magistrate formerly appointed by the 
Shogun to Nagasaki. 

Chintei f-vT>f SIS — iiiri*, to settle, re- 
press, snbdae, quell (as an insurrection). 

CmNTsO i-s^y ^ ^fB {itami ihizume) n. (med.) 
Anodyne : — zai^ id. 

Chd*ubi,-ru ^ 5t A' t.v. To smear with blood ; 
consecrate with blood. 

Ghinushi f- j( ^ n. A wet-nurse. 

Syn. UBA, MENOTO. 

Chznza f-v-^ ^^. To dwell, as a hami in 
Kmiya: — mashimamt. 

Chctzen f'V'-^v 5^ M^- Delicacies; dainties. 

Chiszo "f-i^-^t^ i^m Ji' Valuable property: 
kono Hon wa Boregashi uji no — de gotarimaaUt 
this book is the xclusive property of Mr. — . 

Chinzuki f- >' y i|s 9 a ^' Cleaning rice by 
the job or quant. ty 

Chinzuru f- V ^ ji^ m|[ To state, relate, nar- 
rate, explain : — ni kotoba nakaru beihi, you 
cannot deny it. 

Syu. MOBXBU, TSUOUBU. 

J&t^** ^-'— • 

•Syn. UBA. 

CmppoEE i* y ifi t (coll.) — Mtf, small; little; 
diminutive ; tiny. 

Chirabari,-bu f- 9 /< a^ i.v. To be scattered. 

Chhu-chira f- 9 f* 9 adv. In a flickering, flat- 
tering, or BO ttering manner , twinkling ; daz- 
zling: yuki ga — to f unit the snow falls with 
a flattering motion. 

Chirahora f" 9 * 9 adv. Few; dispersed; 
scattering : yuki fja — oehiru^ the snow falls 
ia scattered flakes. 

CHiBAMEKr,-KU f- 9 ^ ^ i. V. To flutter, flicker ; 
to move with a quick jerk ; to flap, whisk ; to 
scatter 

Cbi-ran ^^ 9 V ;^ IPj (oaamnru midareru) 
Tranquility or disturbance ; peace or war; or- 
der or riot. 

CfliBARi ^ ^ 9 Y adv. A glimpse, glance ; a 
i*Aort transient view or sound : — to miru, to 
glance at ; — to kikn. 

Hnu8Hi,-su f-9^ Ifc t.v. To scatter; to 
disperse : kaze ga huna wo fuki-chiranu^ the 
wind scatters the flowers ; hibana wo ehirashite 
tatakaUf they fought making the sparks fly. 

Gezeashi ^ 9 i^ u. The act of scattering; 
dispersion. 

Chibatsuki,-ku f" 9 j'^ pi i.v. To flicker; 
to twinkle ; to be dazzled ; to flutter : hoshi ga 
— , the stars twinkle ; kaze ga fuite hi — , the 
light flickers in the wind i iri-hi ga sashite me 
ga — , the eyes are dazzled by the setting 
sun ; yuki ga — , the snow falls in a fluttering 
manner. ^ Syn. hirameku. 

Chiri -f- 9 flfcjg n. Geography: — sho, book 
on geography ; — gakmha^ a geographer. 

CHrRi,-Bu 4-^ ^ i.v. To be scattered ; to be 
dispersed, dissiptited: »umi ga — , the ink 
spreads (as in porous paper) ; momiji ga — , 
the red leaves of autumn are scattered. 
Syn. sahzubu. 



Chiri f- i; )g n. Dirt; rubbish; litter; dust; 
a little ; least bit ; (met.) for the busy world : 
— wo hnrau, to clean away dast ; yo no — , 
the affairs or things of this world (Bud.) ; >- 
tsumorite yama to nam, dust piled up be- 
comes a mountain ; — ni tsugu, to study an- 
cient books ; — 110 hoka ni ortt, to live se- 
cluded from the world. 

Syn. OOMI, AKUTA. 

Chiri f* 9 ^lf>J n. Chili (country). 
Chiri-bakari-uo f* 9 /^^ 9 adv. With a neg. 

not as much as a grain of dust=not the least ; 

not a bit, or mite. 
Chiribame,-ru f- 9 y^ ^ ^i* ^ t.v. To carve , 

to engrave ; ^ to ornament by inlaying with 

gold or silver : kin wo — , to inlay with gold ; 

aztua ni — , to carve in blocks of aeusa (for 

printing). 

Syn. EOBU, TERU. 

CHiBiBABa,-Mu f* 9 /^ A i.v. To be covered 

with dust ; become dusty. 
|Chiriboi,-^u) f- 9 sj'r i.v. To be scattered; 
JChiboboi ) i.q. chirnbartt, 
Chirigami f-9fr^]Sl^n. A kind of coarse 

paper made of the rubbiRh of a paper mill. 
Chiri-harai f* 9 -"» 9 b 81 $f n. A dusting 

brush. 
IChiri-hiji f- 9 b f ' n Dust : — no kazu ni 

mo aranu ware. 
Chiri- JiRi f- 9 f 9 tit Ife adv. Scattered ; dis 

persed : — ni nam, to be scattered about. 

Syn. BARA-BARA, SAN-ZAN. 

Chirikai,-au f- 9 * 7 t.v. To fall in confu- 
sion ; to be scattered, as flowers blown by the 
wind. 

Chirike f- 9 r JS' & n. Nape of the neck. 

Chirimen r 9 ->» 5^ 3i5f& 85 n- Crape • — goro, 
mousseline de laine. 

Chirisha f'9S^-Yi^k3S5ffn' A. geographer. 

Chiri-tori f* 9 )* 9 S ^ i^* ^ ^^^^ P'^"* 

Chirizuka f- 9 ^* n. A dirt-heap; heap of 
dirt. 

Chiro f- a ^ MWi D- (med.) Menorrhagia. 
Syn. NAG A CHI. 

Chiro-chiro f- p f* n adv. In a flickering 
manner ; with a short, irregular motion .. — 
vioeruj to bum in a slow and flickering manner. 

Chirori f- w 9 J® ii n. A metal pot for warm- 
ing sake. 

Chiryaku f- 9 "V ^ ^ Bg. n. Discretion ; wis- 
dom and sagacity in planning, or contriving. 

Chiryokd f* 9 3 i' ^ >^ n. Intellect ; intel- 
ligence ; iutellectuai power. 

Syn. OHIB, BATORI. 

fCmsA i"f ^7^ n. The anoient form of 
chisJia. 

Chisago 4--9- 3* n. A dwarf. 

Chisan -f- 1^ i^ iS ^ {osoku mairu) — sunt, to 
be late or tardy in coming. 

+CHISAT0 f* -9- f =f- J^ n. A distant country. 

Chisei f" -te ^ i& ^ (toehi no ikioi) n. The 
advantages of a region, as for military pur- 
poses. 

Chiseki f"tt 4^ ^-^^ n. The effects of govern- 
ment or administration upon a country. 



om 58 

Cbzbea f* i^-Y ^ ^ n. A wise man ; a saga- 

oioQs or ingenious person : — mo ien ryo ni 

Ushitsu art, even a wise man will sometimes 

err. 
Geisha f-i^ir S IS ^'- liettaoe. 

Syn. CHisA. 
OmsHi f> S^ iS: {J: {tsukae wo ittuu) ^ $uru, to 

resign office. Syn. jishoku. 
Ghishi f* S/ Jtb ?" ii> Bental of land paid in 

kind. 
Cm-sHi f-s^ fll^n- A child. 

Sjn. osiNAOo. 
-tCnisHiBu f* 5^7* n. Petroleum. 
CHismoo f* i^ =/* ^ % XH >^- Foretelling the 

time of death by a diagram. 
Chishisi f-i^^ ffifi^ n, A learned priest 

(Bud.); knowledge, 
f Chishzo f- p lie adv. Thousand times or fold ; 

exceedingly; very: — kurenaU very deep 

scarlet. 
Ohi-shio -f-^ih ifa'y n. Blood. 
Chi-shibu ^ft^iu $Lf^ o. Milk. 
Chishitsu-gaku i- ^y -g 9 Mfc)t9^°* Geology: 

— iha^ a geolof^ist. 
Chiso i-y itfc Ik D. Land tax. 

Sjm. NXNon, cHizEi. 
Chis5 f" y ^ ft ;i^ n. A feast, entertainment, 
amusement, pleasure : — wo niru, to make a 
feast ; kyaku ye — ni geisha wo yohu, to call 
a ballad-singer for the amusement of guests ; 
oki ni go — ni narinuuhita, I have greatly en- 
joyed your entertainment; dan-dan go — ni 
ai-narimaehite katqjikenaku Moiyimasuru^ I 
am much obliged to you for often being enter- 
tained by you. 

Syn. FUBUMAI, KYO-O, MOTENASHI 

Omso f-1^ i> M^ /{f n. The strata of earth. 

Chiboku f* y ^ a5 aS {ofoehi lutyoMhi) Slow 
or fast ; tardy or quick ; rate of moving ; velo- 
city. 

Cbisoku f* y ^ j^ £ {taru koto wo shiru) n. 
Contentment ; satisfaction : — surut to be 
contented. 

Chisshi, Ghissubu i-y :x,a- ^ i.v. Imprisoned 
or confined to the house for crime. 
Syn. cHiKKTo. 

Gbisso f- !S» y £ 1!!^ Q* Nitrogen. 

Chisuji i-yt,^ ifa ^ n. Family line ; lineage : 

— ga tsuzuite tni. the family line is unbroken. 
Ghitai f* ir >f 3§ ^ (todokdru) n. Slowness ; 

delay; procrastination; tardiness: — naku, 

without delay ; promptly and in time. 
CnrrcHOKU ^ y^ ^ ^ KP^ — ""'"» ^ P'^* 

mote or degrade : kwanri wo — $ura. 
Ghitbu ^ y ^ n, A cover, or case for books 

(in the manner of the Chinese). 
Syn. FUMAKi. 
Chxtsu i-y ]S. ^' (roed.) The vagina. 
Chitsujo f- ^^ 5? 3 ^Pf n. Order ; regular 

arrangement : good order : shakwai no — wo 

midani. 
tCniTBUKJ! i- y ir n. A wet-nurse. 

Syn. UBA, CHOHO. 
Chitsukb f- 7 ^ n. One who gives temporary 

suck to an infant. 



CHO 



Obitbuboku i-y n^ p^^ n. The capitalised 
pension of a tamurai : — kO$ai'$hd-$ho, Gov- 
ernment bonds of . 

Chitto f* 7 > fh^ adv. A little in quantity or 
time : — bakari kudaeaimcuet give me a little; 
— nuiehi-na$ari, wait a little ; — mo hayahm 
yuke^ go quick, without delay. 

Syn. BUKOBHI, WAZUKA, ISASAKA. 

fCmusHi f- iSr i^ n. A cow that gives milk ; 
milch COW. 

Chiwa f-i; iKft n. The bantering, sportive 
talk of lovers; flirting: ehiwd-genka inu mo 
kamawanut a dog even will not interfere in & 
love-quarrel. 
Syn. nto-ouBui. 

Chiwa-btjmi f-^v^; KfP n* A love-letter. 
Syn. IB0-BX7MI. 

Chiwa-oubui f-^/H'b :J|pd|n. The banter- 
ing, sportive or jesting ofpersons in love with 
each other ; flirting. 

■t-CHiwAi,-An f'/N7 i.v. To prosper; to be 
favored or blessed. Also t.v. To bless, felici- 
tate ; i.q. iachiwau. 
Syn. SAiwAi suBu. 

iCniWAKi f* 7 ^ n. Passing through anything ; 
making one's way through a jungle by pushing 
aside the buBhes. 

Chiwabi,-ru ^V ^ i.v. To flirt, coquet ; to 
banter and jest with each other : filfu ga ehi- 
watte tru. 

Chito f* 9 ^ ids^ {ashiki shirase) n. A sign 
or omen of calamity proceeding from the 
earth * tensai — komo-ffomo ttaru. 

Chitooi f* a ^ ^ i^ ^ »• The pine, sup- 
posed to live a thousand generations. 

Chito-uase f* 3 ^ is. May you live a thousand 
year8=" long live the king.*' 

Chizaiho f* -9* ^ ^n t' vw P <i n. Laws or pro- 
cedure relating to criminal cases ; criminal 
process. 

Chizbi ^-i/^ itfc% n. Land tax; ground-rent. 

Chizu f* '/ Itfc H n. A map, atlas. 

iCnizuKA 'f-^f-fj n. Lit. a thousand sheaves; 
for an indefinitely large number. 

Cho f* -V ^ WT i'' A. town ; a street ; a division 
of a street; a measure of length =60 ken^^i 
358 £ug. feet, or ^ stat. mile ; also a land 
measure of 8,000 ^«u&o= 108,000 square feet. 

Cho 7*i5r n. Prostitute quarter. 

Cho f-y y^ n. Dose of medicine; a powder: 
kutxiri 8(111 — . three doses of medicine. 

Cho f--V^ tS °- ^ register, account-book, 
ledger : — ni t»nkeru, to enter in an account- 
book ; to register. 

Cho f* -V <r ^^ n The numeral for guns, ink, 
candles, poles, hoes, etc.: teppo it — , one 
gun, a piece of cannon ; sumi tan — , three 
sticks of ink ; rotoku ni — , two candles. 

Cho f>-V ^ SI n. The intestines : $h9 — , small 
intestines ; dai — , large intestines. 
Syn. htakuhibo, habawata. 

Ch6 T^ $11 n. Morning: — $eki, morning 
and evening ; myo — , to-morrow morning ; 
sakii — , yesterday morning. 
Syn. ASA. 



CHO 59 

Cbo r 7 tt n. A batterfly. 

Ceo f"V^ T D. Numeral for sedan chairs: 
kago 9an — , three sedan chairs. 

Gbo ^-yffj^An even number : — han, even 
and odd numbers. 
Syn. ou. 

Cho 'f' -y P -tc (nag^^ liong; old; senior; 
chief; principal; eminent; superior: — suru, 
to grow, increase ; shi-ihi wa hyaku-jU no — 
narif the lion is the chief among beasts ; take 
wa hyaku yaku no — , wine is the best of me- 
dicines. 

Sjn. OSA, XASHIBA. 

Cho f--y^ tt^' ^ court ; a government office, 

as keiieJiOf fueho, 
Cbo ^-y^ tt (X:tft») Hearing : — «iirM, to hear. 
Cho-ai ^-y^Tb ^'^n. Book-keeping ; 

balancing or comparing account-books; to 

audit accounts : — no thikata, 

Sjn. CHOMEN wo HIKI-AWASEBU. 

Cbo'Ai f- 3 ^ 7 ^ IK Jl^ (lUukuthimi) Love ; 
affection : — tunc, to love ; to be fond of. 

Syn. KAWAIOABU, AI-SUBU. 

Cboashi T 7 T ^ ^1^ T^' Butterfly-legs, as, 
— Men, a table with legs like a butterfly. 

Choba f- -V Tjr /^ T 41 "i- The ground, field, or 
sphere where one labors (spoken mostly of 
laborers); also a stage or distance between 
restinfc-places. 

Ch5ba f*-ri>/^ 1ll4l ^' T^^ jAahq or office 
where the nccouuts and account oooks are kept. 

-fCHOBAm f- 3 <r y^ $ u. Dice. 

Chobatso f* 3 ^ /C7 jl^ i3 Q* Punishment by 
imprisonment. 

Chobo T ^ 4f A) % adv. Morning and evening. 

Sjn. ASA-BAN, CHO-SBKI. 

Chobo Tif^<ff K^2 n. A view, prospect, 
landscape : — taru^ to look at a landscape ; 
kono yama no — wa yoi^ the view from this 
mountain is fine. 

Sjn. MI-WATASHI, NAOAICB. 

Chobo f*3 4f Si n. A dot, point, speck; also 
a numeral for a string of twenty-one very 
small fish called shira-uwo: — wo utnif to 
make a dot. 

CndBo f* a ^ 4f |S( jl^ (meihitsunoru) — $uru, to 
levy, raise, enlist (as troops, laborers, etc.). 

Cbobo f- 3 ]^ n. A game played with dice ; 
i.q. ehobo-ichi. 

Chobo ^--Y^j*? i||g^ n. Account book: — 
kata, bookkeeper. 

Chobo-chobo f-aiiff-HiJfgtK adv. Dotted ; 
the sound of the dropping of raindrops : ama- 
dare ga — oehiru, 
Syn. pocHi-POCHi. 

Chobo-ichi f'94f>ff'lf7iBn« A kind of 
gambling played with dice : — wo sum, 

Chobosurb f- 3 4^ ^ w n. A kind of song sung 
by a beggar who goes about beating a wooden 
bell. 

Cb5bom ^"Yt^t^^^y^n. A ringleader, 
chief ; cause, occasion, germ or first appear- 
ance of any event : tdzoku no — , chief of ban- 
dit! ; — nin, a ringleader, chief. 
Syn. HOTTo-Mnf, kabhtba. 



CHO 



CbSbusu T^'/9 n "K II- Enchantment, or 
incantations used to bring evil on an enemy : 

— %ur\i^ to use incantations in order to injure 
an enemy; — no inori, incantation. 

Syn. noboi, bhubo, 
ChSbutsu ^^^-fv Ifc^n. That which is 
superfluous, needless, unnecessary. 

Syn. MUDAMONO, ZEIBX7T8U. 

Chobto f-Y^tf-V^ -ft^ {naga-yama^ n. 

A long and chronic disease ; a severe sickness. 
ChOchaku f--V^f--V^ tr* Ml-) — »Mrw, 

to beat, whip, strike, thrash : kodjomo wo — 

Buruy to whip a child. 

Syn. UCHI-TATAKU, butsu. 

Chochi ^ !> f" 88 J^p — iurUf to spy out. 

Syn. UKAOAI SHiKU. 

ChQchi-kah f'gig^f-Ai^JBtf^En. House of 

correction ; a letormatory. 
Chocbixu i'ni- ^ ^ '8 {takuwae), — turn, to 

store up, treasure up, lay by: — ginkd, a 

savings-bank. 
Cbochin ^i5rf">'i4jgn. A lantern. 
Chocho or Choto f*irt^f--V^4T4T *^^- ^he 

sound or appearance of striking; clashing; 

noisy: — uUti; — kiru. 
CndcHd T7T7 ^^ sdv. Garrulous ; noisily : 

— to romurti, to dispute noisily. 
CBocHdsHn,>Ki-KiT ^ 7 T 7 S^ >f adj. Talka- 
tive ; loquacious ; garrulous : ano hito wa ama* 
ri chochoshii kuehi no kiki yd da ; ehochdthiku 
mm. 

Cbodai f*-V^^>f TR JS — »Mn«, to give; to 
receive from a superior ; — itashi-tai, I would 
like to have this; kono hon wo — fuirimaten 
fta, will you give me this book ? 

Syn. ITAPAEU, UOBAU, bazbto. 

Chodai f--V^^>f *K%i^< ^ curtained 
bedstead ; a higher seat for honorable persons. 

fCnQDAi i-^^^TA ^ {% n. An officer or 
superintendent of a ward, next below a na- 
nuthi. 

Chodan f- -V ^ y V -ft IK {naga hanashi) n. 
Long talk : ano hito no — ni wa komarUf an- 
noyed by his long-talking. 

CndDANsn f'-Y^^s^:^ ftB^ ^- A. chest or 
bureau in which account books, or registers 
are kept. 

Chodatsu T^ify 111 at — euru^ to make up 
or collect together a sum of money : konnichi" 
ju ni iehi man doru chodatsu aeneba naranu, 
I must to-day make up ten thousand dollars. 

Syn. TOTONOEBU, SAIKAKU SUBU. 

Cb5do Ttf \* Dl d[ n* Utensils ; things suit- 
able for the purpose, as : tabi no — , articles 
to be used in traveling ; yome iri no — , articles 
necessary for a bride going to the house of 
her husband ; also, bow and arrow (obs.). 

CHdro T ^ 1^ f& ftdv. Jnst ; exactly ; precisely; 

— yoi, just right ; — yoi tokoro ye kita, have 
come just at the right time. 

Syn. ADAKAUO. 

CbSdo T i^ ^ if JSh ^ ^- ^ narrow path. 

Syn. Hoso-MicHi. 
Chodo ^^tf^tf SlalQ' (med.) The auditory 
canal. 



CHO 



60 



CHO 



ObSbki Tt^:^^ S^tS! "• A convict. 

Cho-en f- 3 igr Jt V ^ Ji p. (med.) Inflam- 
mation of bowels ; enteritis. 

Choetsu y-f^jcy $Q t9 (mamieru) — surut to 
have an audience witii the Emperor. 

Choetsu y-f^^y i^f& — sum, to transcend, 
surpass : — gakUy transcendentalism. 

Chofuktj 'f'^^yf' $ffi {kaianam) — sunt, 
needlessly repeating or doing anything over 
again. 

Ghooa. T if if $1! ^ °* Congratulating the 
Emperor, as on the hirth of a son. 

Chogaku i- 3 f; if ^ SV"^- Mechanics. 

Ch5gi T tf ^^ PiVk ^>- I^ecision of the govern- 
ment. 

ChSoin f*-Vi5r^v Tift"- A silver coin 
weighing 37 momme, 

Chooo Tt^ify^'^T^* A prescription; making 
up or compoundiug medicines : — 6a, a place 
where patients are prescribed for; — surttj to 
compound medicines. 

Chooun T ^ / V ^ j^ n. Eminent ; excelling 
others ; preeminent. 

Ohoowai Ti7 ^ V a "K ^ Erased from the 
register; not written lu the register: gokn- 
rakn-znmai no — viono, one whose name is 
not written in the book in which the name of 
the inhabitants of heaven are recorded ; — 
moiiOy a vagabond 
Syn. MUSHiKr 

Chohai ^ ^ >\ >f j9^ fl n. Congratulating the 
Emperor, as on new yearns day. 

Cho-HAN ^3f//>3^ S^ °* ^^^ *"*^ ®^®" J 
gambling' : — xnrtt, to gamble. 

Chohatsu ^ -V ^ '> J' -^18 n. Long hair; the 
hair suffered to become long in parts that 
should thf^ shaved. 

Chohatsu ^aiJr/Nsr f^^ {mesarete deru) — 
««r«, to levy on the property for public service. 

Chohez ^ 3 -s >f ^ ^ Paper-money. 

Chohki f-g^'s>f ^^n. Enlisted soldier ; 
conscrift : — rei, conscription laws. 

Chohei 7* ijr -% >f ^ ]9f — '"* ozw-Uj to receive a 
summons or invitation to court. 

Choho ^ 3 t> /n tJt S 5f Convenient ; useful ; 
serviceable; precious: — na mono; — auru, 
to value. 
Syn. BENRi. 

Cho-in f-T5r >f V ^f\! {in too osu) — sunt, to 
affix a »eal, or signature. 

Choito f- 3 >f f — -<i" (same as chotto) adv. 
For a moment, instant, little while : — o mise 
kudanare, let me look at it ; — o yori nasai, 
come in for a moment. 

Choja f- -Y i5[ 5? -r ^y^ n. A rich man ; one 
in good circumstances : — tomi ni akazu, the 
rich man is not satisfied with his riches. 

Choji f' -V ^ s? T ^ T^' Cloves. 

Choji f- -V ^ »? t? at — 9uru, to forbid for a 
season ; to stop ; cease temporarily. 
Syn. KiNzuRU, todomubu. 

Ch6ji,-bu i'-^tf-XA- -ft t.v. To grow long or 
large, grow up; to increase; to excel, become 
great, surpass ; to be more and more addicted 
to : bun-gei ni — , to excel in literature and 



polite accomplishments; oiobi ni — , tolM 
more and more fond of pleasure. 

Syn. NOBIBU, 5EIEU NARU, flUaUBEBU. 

CH6n-AwAsB.-BU f•■V^55T^^•te'^ ^"^ i.f- 

To plan together; to agree upon a plan. 
Syn. SOD AN suBU. 
Choji-oabhiba f" -V ^ 5? *' J^ 9 n. The charred 

soot, resembling a clove, which forms on the 

wick of a lamp. 
Chojitsu i-yp^y -^ H (nagai hi) n. A 

long day. 
Chojo i-^i^Ttf S ft {kasane-gatane) adv. 

Over and over sgain ; very many : — medetai, 
Chojo f'-Vi>s?'V^ -^.h (me-ue) n- A superior 

in rank. 
Ch6j6 ^•V^'s^'VTJrTgJin. The highest 

point ; the summit, top : yama no — , top of a 

mountain. Syn. itadaei, zetcho. 
Chojo f--Vi5^3?3 -j^-ifH. Eldest daughter. 
Choju f--V^i?a ^*n. Long life. 
Chojotsu f-ssJa.;/ ^jf — »ttru, to write or 

compose a book : — «/w, an author, editor. 
Choka T ^ * S! 3R. (lit. morning house) The 

country of Japan, as used by a Japane8e=my 

country : — no tame ni inochi wo otosu^ to die 

for one's country. 
Choeen f"V^^v -K:?! n. A iong-sleeved 

coat worn by a higf. 
ChSeen Ttfi^i^ ih ^ {mamieru) — «iini, to 

visit the Emperor. 
Chokibdne i-^^y^^^f^n, A kind of 

small and fast river-boat. 
Choein f- 3 ^ V (^ ^ {taknwae-gane) n. Money 

which is treasured up, or laid by : — aznkari' 

dokoro, post-office savings-bank. 
Choein Ttf f ^ in S. {san-dai) — suru^ to go 

to court ; visit tlie Emperor. 
Choeiri f- -Y t^ 4» >; tj^lV? n. Erasing the 

name from the town-register. 
Choeeaeu f*3^^^ i£f^ n. (mat.) A right 

angle : — mnkaku, a right-angled triangle. 
Choeean f- 3 ^ ^ V ]£ ^ (tadachi ni i$amu) 

— «urM, to reprove a superior to his face. 
Chobeei ^ 3 ^ y >f^ S "^^ Dianietre ; calibre. 
Choeki f- 3 s' ^ n. (derived from Eng. jacket) 

A vest, jacket. 
Choeeuba f- 3 ^ ^ 9 adv. (coll.) Just; merely; 

in a light, easy way : — itte kuru^ will come 

in a moment ; — dashite miru^ just look and 

find it (as a word) ; — itte miyo, just take 

out and see. Syn. choito, chotto. 
Choeo ^ ijr 3 tJ^ ^'fC (mitsugi wo tatematsuru) 

— stirn, to pay tribute. 
Ch6e6 T ^ 3 ^ g^flg n. (med.) The symptom 

of disease ; sign ; omen. 
Choeo-choeo f* 3 3 f* a 3 adv. (coll.) Fre- 
quently ; often : — mairimasuj to go freqnently. 
Syn. shiba-shiba, tabi-tabi. 
Choeoetj T ♦ 3 ^ W^] n. Carving ; engrav- 
ing ; sculpture : — shi an engraver, carver, 

sculptor. 
Choeozai f* 3 3-9'>f (coll.) Pedantic; affected; 

having only a smattering of learning ; pre> 

tending to learning : — na yatsu, 
Syn. EosHAEU, eutasu. 



CHO 



61 



CHO 



Cboxu ^ 3 ^ n. Dressed vegetables. 

Gboxu ^ 3 ^ ^ u. a small cap for drinking 

take. 
Choku ^3^ jj {tadathii) Straight; right; 
just ; upright ; honest : — na hitOt an honest 
man. 
Choku ^ a ^ ^ Imperial; relating to the 

Mikado ; imperial command. 
Chokucho f- 3 ^ f- -Y T> ffllgn. (med.) The 

rectum. 
Chokugaku f* 3 ^ *' ^ ^ fg n. An inscrip- 
tion or name presented to a miya or tera by 
the Temhi. 
CnoKCGEN ^a^yi^ ifl's "• Spoken truly, 
or in a direct or fatraiylitlorward manner, to a 
superior. 
CiioKU-owAN-ji f- 3 ^ J'* !7 V s? ^)S^ n. The 

temple when; u Mikado is buried. 
Chokujo f-H^f-'-V^ ^£n. Mikado's or- 
ders, or edicts. 
Chokcju f-3:^5?n. 4^ ^ n. Imperial gift, 
as a sword, cloth, etc.: — no shina. 

Chokukan f- 3 ^ * V 2; H* n. Open, direct 
aiivice, or remonstrance. 

Chokuk\o f-3^i|s3 ^-pf- n. Imperial per- 
mission. 

Ghokusiki f-T^>>f ^^n Imperial com- 
uiantl. 

Chokimen ^ 3 ^ ^ v ^ ^ n. Imperial per- 
missiuu or grant. 

Chokumon f- 3 ^ ^: i^ ifhf^^^ Enquiry of the 
Emperor. 

Chokcs f- 3 ^ > j^ 5^" n. The heir-apparent 
to the throne. 

Chokunin f-3^ — v^^rn. An official ap- 
pointment directly from the Emperor. 

CboeuryO I ^3^9T>iS!^n. Standing 

Chokcbitsuj erect or straight; standing up- 
right. 

Cbokusai ^3:^-9'>f ^^n. Imperial deci- 
sion : — wo aogu^ to request — . 

Gbokusen f"3^-tei^^aS n. Chosen by the 
Emperor. 

Chokusen f-3^-tsviBr^n. Imperial order, 
or command. 

CaoBcsEN f-3^-tsv2LSSn' (mat.) A right 
line ; straight line. 

Cbokusetsu ^ m ff^y i[^n. Direct ; im- 
mediate. 

Chokushi ^ 3 ^ i^ $!r {£ n< Imperial ambas- 
sador. 

Chokusho f-3^»^3 iffjif n. Mikado's letter, 
or edict. 

CnoKuid i^n 9 Sty H^^ (Temhi no hotae) n. 
The answer or reply of the TenBhi. 

CHOKTnrAiTJ f-a^-V^ i£ff n. Literal trans- 
lation. ^ 

Ghokwa f* 3 1^ ^ 7 iLlfi (omohi toga) n. A 
heinoQB crime ; felony. 

Chokwa T t^ ^ P 38 iS {sugiru) — turUf to 
exceed, snipasB, go beyond : yunyU yushiUu 
ni — guru. Syn. kobru. 

Cbokwak f-ir tf ^V >' fc*? ^' ^e oh^e' of- 
ficer or head of a department of government ; 
inrendent. 



Ohoktu f--YT5r^T> -^ ^ {nagaku hhashii) A 

long time ; eternal ; ever : — fuki. 
Choman ^--VtS'-^s^ ^Sy n. (med.) Dropsy of 

the abdomen ; ascitis. 
Chomatsuoumi i-^t^^yfX n. The name 

of a bird ; a species of fieldfare (Turdus fus- 

catus). 
Choubobi i* n i^af ^ adv. A dot, speck; the 

least quantity : tuzuri ni mizu %co — irete ku- 

dasai, just give me a speck of water on this 

inkstone. 
Chomei f* 3 ^ >f ^ Sfl (akiraka) — 7Jfl, clear ; 

plain ; manifest : evident. 

Syn. MEIHAKU, ARAWA. 

Chomei 7' ^ -?» >f §/1 ^ n. Iraporial command, 

ChOmei f* "V i> .?» 'f ■^4fi' {naga iki) n. Long- 
life. 

ChOmex ^••V'Vp'v !fi^^ n. An account-book, 
register, record- book, ledger. 

CnoMOKu f- -Y ^ * ^ .% n. (lit. bird's eye) 
A small cash, from its resemblance to a bird's 
eye; money. 

Syn. 0WA8HI, ZBNi. 

Chomon f- -y »> ^ i^ U:| Ytj\ — .Hvni, to listen to ; 
to attend, as preaching, or a sermon. 
Syn. KTKiT. 

Chona T tf -^ iff ^»- An adz. 

Chon.u '^"V t> -^ ^f W^ ^ {tnachino uchi) In the 
town : liouo kilo vti watfilnif^hl no — ni ori- 
vifixu, this man lives in the same town with 
me. 

Chonan -f•■y!>-^v -^ zS "• Oldest son. 

S^n. CHAKINAN, bOKVO, CHAKUSfll. 

Ghonetsu i'-yt^^-y Mi^ "• (li^ed.) , Exacer- 
bation or increase of lever. 

Chonin f'-Vi^^v »XA n. Towns-people ; 
citizens of a town ; common i^eople ; not a 
samurai. 

ChOno T^ ) n. i.q. chona. 

Choppori f- 3 7 ;}f ») [adv. (coll.) A little; small 

Chombori f" 3 V ijf 9 j in quality or size : — 
buna, a little nose. 

ChQren f-^-^v^j^ g|i^ n. Drill; parade; 
military exercises: — sum, to parade; to 
march ; gunzei vpo — suru^ to drill an army ; 
— 6a, parade ground. 

Syn. SOREN, JINDATB. 

Ch6ri i--yp 9 -^^ n- Name given to an 
eta or hi-nin; in vnlg. ool. ehorimbO. 

Chori ^-V ^ 9 K .£ '^' -^ horse doctor. 
Syn. bai, haeuraku. 

Chorin T t^ V ^ jl2 f& Eminent ; excelling 
others. 

Syn. BAKKUN, ZETSU-BIN. 

Ohoro f--V^7^ S^Ji' T^« superior in a 
monastery of the Zen sect of Buddhists ; an 
elder. 

Chobo 7" ^ w ^ ^ ff- — «*"*! *o make sport 
of ; to quiz ; to make a fool of ; to treat with 
irony ; to mock, ridicule, jeer : hito tvo — sum. 
Syn. AZAKEBX7, auBd subu, mabubu. 

Chobokasij f* 9 n » 5^ i.v. To cheat; play foul. 

Ch6b6.ky5kwai f-iri> ^trdr^^v^ ^Utik 
^ n. The Presbyterian chnrch. 

Chobyoku f--Y^99^ ft7!;n. Gravitation. 



OHO 



62 



CHU 



ChobtO f- 3 9 1^ ^$ it — «*ni, to staod still ; 
to stand on tip-toe. 

Syn. TdUMADATSU. 

Gh5ba f- "Y i5r "9' Wi^ — # tmi, to examine. 
Gh5bai T ^ If >f Al ^ Q* Imperial judgment 

or decision. 
Chosai Ti^"^ 'I f^M (^o$hi wo kosu) To pass 

from the old to the new year. 
Syn. OTSUMEN. 
ChosaibS T^lf^-'^^ »• A fool, dunce: hito 

wo — ni sunt J to make a fool of a person. 
Chosaku f- 3 1^ ^ y(M^ n. A composition : — 

8uru, to wiite, or make a book. 
Chosan f-gijr-i^vSfHn. A holiday on the 

third day of the third month (o.c). 
Ghosbi 7* v> -te >f $^^ n. Imperial government. 
Chobei f* -Y ^ -fe >f -^ aj[ (shinuru) — suru, to 

die. Syn. zeikto, hhibo. 
Gh58ei f- "V ^ -te ^ -^ i (naga-iki) Long life : 

— $uru, to live lonjr. 

Ghoben ^ ijr -u V $11 j^ n. Corea : chosem-bi, a 
kind of grain something like millet. 

Ghosen-azami Ttf-^i^ 7 ^ I n. Artichoke, 
Gynara scolymas. 

Ghosha f- 3 v"V ^ ^ n. An author (of a book). 
Syn. CHOJUTSU-NIN. 

Ghosha f- "V ^ 5^ "V -^ 4f (me-ue) n. A superior : 

— wo uyamau beshij we should respect our 
superiors. 

Choshi f"Y ^ a^ -ft ^ (»""r7o) n. Eldest son. 
Syn. chakurhi. sobto, chSnan. 

Ghoshi T ^ S^ $IS ^ n. A kettle or jug used 
for pouring sake. 

Choshi T '^ s^ |^ ^ n. Tone of voice, or of 
an instrument ; tune; (fig.) spirits : — hazure 
no koe, a voice that does not chord with others ; 

— ga hazurerUt to be out of tune ; — wo awa- 
$eru^ to chord ; to put in tune ; — ga warui^ 
spirits are bad ; to be out of tone ; — ga ku- 
rtttte trti, to be out of one's mind. 

IGhoshi-oashiwa Ttf^if ^-^^ n. The box in 
which musical instruments were kept. 

Ghosbin Ti^ ^^ t^ W- ^- A servant or min- 
ister of the Emperor. 

GhSshin T^^^ W ^ {totonoe susuvturu) : — 
furu, to prepare and offer to a superior. 

Gho-shin-kei i--yi; S^>^^ Rf^i^u. (med.) 
The auditory nerve. 

Chosho Ti^ ^"^t^ ^S tS {nianeku) — suru^ to 
invite, call. 
Syn. sHODAi. 

Ghosho f*3S^3^ir]i* A book, publication ; 
literary works : koshiden wa Hirata no — nari, 

Ghosho f-3t'S^'Y^ SW (omode) n. A severe 
wound. Syn. itade. 

Ghosho i- b t^ i" a, t^ VtM {kiku mono) n. 
Hearers; audience. 

Syn. CHO-MON-NIN. 

Ghoso f- -Y ^ y S fi? n. Ascending the throne 

the second time. 
Chotai-soku f'ir ^ ^ >f y ^ -l^-MM^ n. A long 

sigh, deep sigh. 
Chotaku Ti^ ^ 9 mW- (^ig<^ku) — «urt*, to 

polish. 
Syn. Toou. 



Ghotan f'-v^i'i^ "fi^^— *«'*»» *o heave m 

deep sigh. 

Syn. TANSOKU, nagektt. 
Gho-tan f* -V t> ^ V -^ ^ (nagai mijikaC) Long 

and short. 
Gh5t£i Ti^T^ S^ S^ n. The Imperial court; 

the Emperor. 
Ghotei f- -V t> 7* ^ S tr {katane tadasu) Going 

over a book or writing, in order to correct or 

improve. 
Choteki T ^ T ^ 4l5jRn. A rebel; an 

enemy of the Emperor; a traitor to one*8 

country, 

Syn, MUHONNIN. 

Ghoto f"Yi> h ^jg (nagaviiehi) n. Along 
journey. 

Ghoto ^ -y '^ h ^ (same as chocho-to) adv. 
Sound or appearance of cutting and thrashing. 

Ghotto f- 3 5^ h — -c}" (same as choito) adv. 
(coll.) A little while ; a moment. 

Ghotsuoai Tyy-ffM JS# n. A hinge, joint. 

Gno-YAf i>-Y $! f? (kamiihimo) The govern- 
ment and people : — tomo ni odoroku. 

Ghoya f* -Y tJ' -Y -^ ^ {naga yo) n. Long night. 

GhStakunin f--Yi5r'Y^ — i^B^iJAn. Town- 
officer; ward-officers, including nanu«At, toshi- 
yort, kumtgashira. 

Gh6-t6 ^"^t^jcf; ^ yj (otona kodomo) n. Old 
and young. 
Syn. ROJAKXJ. 

Ghoyo f*3^'Yi>SBI°' ^ holiday on the 
9th day of tlie 9th mouth (o.c). 

Ghozen T ^ -tf V Ifl JK {urioru katachi) adv. 
Sad ; sorrowful manner : — tansoku stem, 

Ghozu Ttflf ^ ^K ^- Water used for wash- 
ing the face or hands : — wo tiukau^ to wash 
the face or hands ; — wn intru, make water. 

Ghozuba f" ijr 5f /-? ^ tK jgi n. A privy, water- 
closet. 

Syn. EAWAYA, BETSU-IN, KOKA, HABAKABI. 

GhOzu-bachi Ttf^^<^ ^7K^^' The basin 

of water for washing the hands kept near a 

privy. 
Ghozume ^-Y^y^ n. Sausage; a pudding 

made by stuffing an intestine with meat. 
Ghozubu ^-yt^-^fi- -^ i.v. See chiSji. 
\Csii i"f; n. Gancer of the breast. 
GhO f* t> ^ (naka). Middle ; centre ; middling 

in quality ; medium ; in ; within ; daring ; 

whilst ; in the course of ; throughout : jo — 

ge^ superior, middling, and inferior ; koku — , 

in the country. 

Syn. MAKNAKA. 

CntJ f-ff ^ (osora) n. Empty space ; air : — 
wo tonde nigeta^ flew away; — ni burarito 
tagatta, hung dangling in the air ; chUnori wo 
sum, to ride in the air ; — ni agaru^ to aseend 
in the air. 

GhO f* i> ^ n. Fidelity to a master ; patriot- 
ism ; loyalty : — wo tsukiuu, to be faithfal 
to the utmost ; — gen mimi ni sakaro, faithful 
words are unpleasant to the ears. 

Syn. MAUEYAKA. 

Cnn ^^ li n. Gommentary; notes: — wo 
kakUt to write a commentary on a text. 



CHU 



68 



CHU 



ChC f* ^ U^ — iwrut to kill a oriminal or a 
gnilty person; to slay; to pnnish with death. 

Sjn. KOBOBU, TSTJUINAU. 

OhO f*^ S n. Day; day-time: ehn-ya, day 

and night. 
Syn. BiBu. 
CbCbatsu f-tf,<y ||e{3 °- Pnnishment: — 

funi, to punish with death ; to sky. 

Syn. TSTTHIBTTRU. 

ChObu ^^y ^^ {naka no tokoro) n. Mid- 

die part. 
ChO-bu f- i> 7* ^ JB. n. Hemiphlegia. 
ChCcho f- ijr f- 3 SI ]8 — '^^t *o hesitate; to 

be in doubt or uncertainty. 

Syn. TAMEBAU, TOTO SUBU, OUZU-OUZn SURU. 

ChSdo ^i;^Jf + ag {naka michi) n. The 

mean ; medium ; half-way ; in the midst of, 

or while doing anything : — m »hUe Jiai-$u, 

to give up when only half done. 

CHtJiwKu 4'p ^ i^ t|» ^ n. Poison, or affected 

by something eaten. 
CntDORi i-if ^^ ^ 'f'ji'i' Medium quality ; 

just medium. 
ChOoeh f- i5^ ^ V ,>$> "f n. Faithful words. 
ChOoen f- 1^ y 3^ ir M n. Inferior servants of 

the samurai. Syn. obibuke. 
ChCoen f-i>^3^ i»7C n. The 15th day of 
the 7th month ; the middle of the year, and 
last day of the Feast of Lanterns (o.c). 
CflCoi ^i;^ ^JSk ^' Fici^ity ; patriotism ; 

loyalty ; allegiance : — wo ttukuiu* 
ChCgo f- ^ :f ^ t|» "^ n. The same as cMgn, 
ChCooktj f"ff^^ t}» gj n. The eight central 
provinces of Japan, viz., Harima, Mimasaka, 
Bizen, Bltchu, Bingo, Aki, Suwo, Nagato. 
CbC-oobho f- i> :f i^ -Y ^ i* /h tt n. The name 
of an officer who widks next to a noble in 
going out. 
ChO-oO ^^ /i> ^ *g n. .The Empress, queen; 

wife of the Tenthi. 
GBtlHAN ^^-»NVx|»^ — na monOf a thing 
that will not fit anywhere ; either too long or 
too short: — na monoshiri, a half-learned 
person. 
CbC-hah ^^j\i^ S IK {hirumeshi) n. The 

noon meal ; dinner. 
GhCho ^i^j^t^ t|»^ (naka-dachi) n. A me, 
diator. 
Syn. cHOimr, naxaxjdo. 
ChTJ-i ^ ^ >f ^ It (n"l-) 'I* Lieutenant. 
CsG-i ^p4 ^ ^ n* Care; heed ; attention ; 
— «iiru, to be attentive ; to give heed. 
Syn. SI wo tsukebu. 
CstJ-iif ^ i5r >f V tf» 13^ n. The period of 49 

days' mourning. 
•tCHOjr, ChCzubu f-ir ^ jCii' t.v. To beat, whip, 

chastise. 
CHtr-JiKX f- ^ s^ 7 9.^ {hin^-meshi) n. The 

noon meal ; dinner=c/iil-/ian. 
CbCjis ^f^3?vt{»A.n. A person of the mid- 
dle class, or in middling circumstances. 
CffC-j5 ^i>3?-V^i»Wn. A military officer 
or general of a rank next below taUhd^ an- 
eiently subdivided into iakone no ehmo and 
ukom no chQio, I 



ChOjo f- i> j? -Y ^ t{» .fjj (kokoro no uehi) n. The 
heart, mind : — wo toro suru, to speak un- 
reservedly. <;» 

ChO-jun f- i5r s? ^ V t|» <gj {tiaka no to-ka). 
The middle decade of tiie mouth, from the 
10th to the 20th day (o.c). 

ChO-ka i-^f! + E n- The middle of summer ; 
7th month (o.c). 

GbO-kai f* ^ ^ -f It (ff A commentary, anno- 
tation : — suru, to comment on, to explain 
with notes, illustrate, annotate. 

Syn. TOKI-ASASHI. 

OBfiKAN f- ^ j> V %j» RJ] (aida) n. That which 
is between ; the medium ; the mean ; middlfl 
in quality or degree. 

GbO-san f- <r ^ X7 V t}» J^ Same as chajun, 

Csf^KAN f- ^ :J^ V *x a» n. Faithful reproof 
from a servant ; ndvice or remonstrance. 

GbOkei i-i;ir^^JS]^n, A kind of fan 
carried by priests or nobles, also attached to 
presents sent by the bride's parents to ths son- 
in-law. 

CHtJKi -^ ^ 4» + SS, n. Palsy. 

CbOkin i-t^^i^ t^>W)^' Loyal or faithful 
service. 

GbOeo f- ^ 3 *}» "4" {naka mukashi) n. Middle 
ages ; the time previous to the usurpations of 
the Shogwu. 
Syn. chDto. 

GhOko f* Tjr 3 ^ ^ ^ {nakatahi-okoru). Re- 
storation to power ; restored to authority : — 
no kitni. 

CbOko ^ )5^ ^ i> t{» f(J^ n. Bed-chamber: — no 
koto wo iubekai'atu. 
Syn. neta. 

CbOkS ^ ff-fj -f; ,€^ # n. Fidelity to a mas- 
ter, and obedience to parents. 

GbOkoku f* t> 3 ^ i€» -^ n. Advice : — turu, 
to reprove, or advise, as a faithful friend. 

Syn. IKEN, 8UBUMB. 

GbDkon f-T>3V ,«g.^ n. Loyalty; fidelity; 
patriotism. 

GhO-kwai ^iSr^y-ftj^'^n. A presbytery. 

GbCmitsu ^ i> ^ y ^^T^- — )<A> dense ; dose 
together ; jinko — , a dense population. 

GbCmoku f-i/^if J± (vie wo tsukeru) — »urji, 
to look at with attention. 

GbOmon f- iS' * 5^ ^ H n. The inner door, or 
gate-way of a court. 

GbOmon f- ^ % s^ li:^ n. An order for goods: 
— Buru^ to send an order for goods ; — chOf 
an order book. 
Syn. atsubae. 

tGBtJiiuBBo f-iJ'A^-Yl^ i'ft'^n. That 
department in the government which had the 
control of all the household affairs and atten- 
dants of the Mikado. The chief officer was 
called chU-mU'kyd^ and was selected from the 
Imperial family. 

fGBtJNAOoN f*^-J-:fv i'JB}'^ n. The name 
of an officer in the Mikado's court next in rank 
below Dainagon and one of the council of state. 

GbOmbm f* ^ -^ V y}» ^ n. Middle age of life. 

GbUnetsu f* ^ ^ 9 ^ SKi n. (med.) Sun- stroke ; 
insolation. 



CHU 



64 



CHU 



GHtJNiN f- ^ A V ^^ A. n* A middle-man ; me- 
diator; go-between. 

Syn. NAXAUDO, AISATBU-NI^, ATSUKAI-NIN, BAI- 
SHAKU, KT7CHI-KIKZ, OBD-HO. 

ChCnobi f* 1^ >? »; 'S 1^ n. Walking in the 
air ; a play-actor who appears to walk in the air. 
ChC-6 f- ^ 57 i5r ^ 3p^ n. The centre, middle. 

Syn. NAKABA, aiANNAKA. 

ChObiku f- i5r 9 ^ !!©—««"*. to slay ; to 
kill ; to puniRh with death. 

ChObo i-f; y ^ ^ ^ >^« Assistant piimc- 
minister. 

{CuObS ^ ijr 9 7 t|» ^ n. Anciently a female 
officer in the Mikado's palace. 

CnfRYAKU f* tr >; -V ^ ^ gl n. Omitting the 
middle of a writing ; contracting the middle 
of a word ; syncope. 

CHOBYf) f- ^ »; ^ I j^j^ (Neutrality ; neutral : 

ChC-bitsu f- t^ •; y j ^^ \ — kohUf a neutral 
state ; kyohu-gai — . 

ChOryO f- i5f 9 ^ tf» '^ (nagure no naka). The 
middle of a river, or stream. 

ChPra f- ^ 1^ ^ {i n. (mil.) Lieutenant- 
colonel. 

CnrsAi "f-^-f 'i i^ ^J, Arbitration ; — sum, to 
Kettle a dispute; to act as umpire; to arbi- 
trate : — nifif an umpire, arbitrator. 

Cnrs^KT i-i^-^ft ff^. 1;:? n. A stratagem, plan, 
sclu r.;c. 

Syn. HAKARIOOTO, PAKU-RYAKU. 

CnrsEKi f-p-i: -y I7.y -■*^ n. Ye^tel•day. 
CiiCsEN f- 1^ -b > # ^ ('■^"j* ^f^o hihu) — snru, 

to draw lots. 
CnCsETSu i^ \> 12 •;/ ,^\ t^j "• Fidelity ; loyalty ; 

patriotism. 
ChCshaku f- t> a^ "V ^ HW A commentary : 

— Kiirn^ to explain or illustrate with notes; to 

comment upon. 
GhCshi f- ^ i' t}» jji, (nakagoro de toment) — 

»jtrw, to stop one in the midst of his work, or 

discourse ; to interrupt : enzetsu tco — sunt. 
ChOshi f- $r 5^ ,^^ ^ n. Dying as a loyal, 

faithful, or patriotic servant. 
Ch(J8hi i-fy i^ M)£, (todomaru). To stop at a 

place in traveling. 
CbCshiko 'f-tf 1^:3 n. A plane used by car- 
penters for middling kind of work : see arashi- 

ko Budjoshiko. 
CHtJsHiN i-t;i^i^ ''^ t^ (mannaka) n. The 

centre ; middle ; the heart ; focus. 
ChOshin i'^i^i/' Wt-3& Report; communica- 



cation; message or statement of facts (tot 
superior) : saikoku yori hikyaku wo motU 
Tokyo omote ye — ni oyobut to report from 
the western provinces to T6ky6 by a courier. 
Syn. todokbbu, shibasbbu. 

ChCshin f-i5r5^3^ i^^'<? n- Fidelity; loyalty; 
patriotism. 

ChOshin f- ^ 5^ V ^^ig. E n. A faithful or loyal 
servant : — ji kan ni tsukaezu, a faithful ser- 
vant will not serve two masters. 

Chusho f-^S^-YiJr tj»))^n. (mil.) Lieutenant* 
general. 

GhCsho f-^s^-V^ "^f* -iS n. Palsy. 

ChCshO i-f/i^i; i^yy;,^. The 9th month; 
middle month of autumn (o.c). 

ChCshun f-^s^3.v i"^ ^f- n. The second 
month. «>r middle jiiouth of spring (o.c). 

CHt?so -^n^vtt^n- A foundation, basis. 
Syn. MOToi, isHi/i'E. 

ChCtai i-i; it -i ^ R$ n. (mil.) A company 
of infantry, four of which make a daiiai or 
battalion. 

Chuto 'f—f; St i; tj* ^^ n. Middle or second 
class: — sltitan, medium quality. 

ChCto f • ^ h "*}* siS ^^^* During, or while en- 
gaged iu doing anything; only having half 
completed; h alf- through : — d€ yanifyareie 
wa komaini, I shall be sorry if you give it up 
before completing it. 
Syn. cnO-Do, nakaba, han-to. 

ChCto f- ijr b ^ i^ ^ n. The 11th month, or 
middle month of winter (o.c). 

ChCto f-ijrir^ .^i§?] To reside; tobestatii»ned 
(usually sijoken of an ambassador). 

ChC-u 'f't^tf'^^ The dark space intervening 
between earth and hades (Bud.) : — no yami 
ni mayof to wander about in outer darkness. 

CntJYA f- ijr "V ^ -^ (yonaka) n. Midnight. 

ChCya f- i> "Y 3l ^^ {hiru yoru) n. Day and 
night, 

ChGyo f- i> g ^ y^ffgn. The doctrine of the 
mean ; the proper middle path ; not inclining 
to one side or the other. 

ChCyO f't;^y ^ JjH (naka-goTo) n. The mid- 
dle ages. 

ChCzetsu i"f;-\iy ^ ifS (nakatae) n. Giv- 
ing up ; ceasing to ao, or breaking off any- 
thing before being fully learned ; interruption : 
kei'ko too — shite heta ni natta^ being inter- 
rupted in my study. I have become rasty. 



b5 



D. 



DA 

th it (ooll. coDtr. £rom de am). It is often 
nsed in the colloquial as a substitute for a 
sentence, or something understood: nan da, 
what is it ? art wa dare da^ who is that? ma- 
tran wa itsu da^ when is the festival ? kore wa 
nan da, what is this ? fude da, it is a pencil ; 
sayo da, it is so ; kyo wa atsui hi da^ this is a 
hot day; sore da kara watakiuhi iya da^ so 
then I don't want it ; or, da kara iya da, id.; 
da to iute (or datte mo) sonna warui koto wa 
dekinai, even if it be so, I cannot do such a 
wicked thing ; da ga ne, still ; granting it to 
be BO ; be it so ; but ; me no warui hodo kuru- 
shii koto wa nai, there is nothing so painful 
as a sore eye, da ga ne^ ha no itai no mo ku- 
ruihii yo, granting all that, the toothache is 
also painful. 

IDa ^ n. a kind of game played with cash : 
— wo utsii. 

Da ^ Inferior in quality ; mean ; low ; common ; 
poor ; cheap ; coarse : — mono, an article of 
inferior quality; da-gwashi, low-priced con- 
fectionery ; da-yakusha^ a low play-actor. 

Syn. 80MAT8U, YABU. 

I^A ^ Q: n* Numeral for horse-load, about 225 

catties or 800 pounds : nimotsu iehi da, one 

horse- load of goods. 
Dabx ^if ^S, I)* (^ Bud. word) Burning the 

bodies of the dead ; cremation : dabi wo auru ; 

dabi-tko, the place where dead bodies are 

burned. 
Syn. KWA85. 
^Dabie ^if j& n. A picture painted in thin 

colors. 
fDABiBA ^}£^ — na, flat; level; plain. 

Syn. HIBATTAI, TAIBASA. 

Dachi y -f- i.q. florhi, of which it is a corruption. 
^iCHiM :^f- V 8: ^ "• F&re for transportation 

On horses or cuolies. 
Dacho ^^yf; SIS ^- (med.) Hernia: — 

lat, truss. 
Dach5 y T ♦ R .% n. The ostrich. 
Dada ^ ^ vl. Fretfulness ; petulance ; crossness, 

SB a child : dada wo in, to fret and whine (as 

r cross child). 
<)ai>axs,-bu ifif^fi' Ks. Ilq fret ; to be cross, 

ill-tempered. 

Syn. jiBEBU, BTjNKnn. 
Dasakxo •^ri^alS^n. A cross, fretful 

child; cross-patch. 
i)adari,-ru if ^ ^ i.T. (coll.) To be cross, ill- 
tempered, fretful : ano ko wa Uwu — . 

&7n. 8UHEBU. 



DAI 

Daen ^je^v :ff B Oval; elliptical in sluiptl 
— na mono ; — kei. 
Syn. tamaoo-nabz. 

Dagoku ^3*^ 9.Wt (j^ooku ni ochim) Falling 
(or goinp) into hell ; (Bud.) — sum. 

Dai ^yf ^ n. A stand, base, or frame- work for 
supporting something else ; a pedestal, stock : 
cJiadaif a oupstand ; shoku-dai, a candle-stick ; 
teppd-daif a gun-carriage, gun-stock ; fumidai^ 
a foot-stool. 

Dai jj^yf -f^ (yo) n. Age; dynasty; reign; gen- 
eration: ban-dai, all generations; always; 
eternal. 

Dai it yf -f^ [shiro) n. Money given in exchange 
for anything ; cost ; price ; vicarious ; a substi- 
tute : dai wo harau, to pay the cost ; wata no 
dai wo uketoru, to receive the price of cotton ; 
dai ni tatsn, to act as a substitute. 

Dai ^vf gg n. A theme, text, subject, topic; 
a standard, rule: — wo dasu, to propose a 
theme ; kono keshiki wo — ni shite uta wo 
yomu, make a piece of poetry on this land- 
scape; nan-dni, a difficult text or subject. 

Dai ir>f ^ The ordinal prefix: — ic/ti, the 
first ; dai-ni, the second. 

Dai it ^ ^ (ofcit) adj. Large; great; big; — 
gakusha, a great scholar ; — gokujono shina, 
a thing of the very highest quality; — no 
tsuki, the long months ; — kiehinichi, a most 
lucky day ; — sho, great and small. 

Daiba it ^ /< ^^ n. A fort, battery : — wo 
kizuku, to construct a fort ; odaiba, id. 

IDaiban it^^^i^ ¥S ^' A dining table. 

Syn. HANDAI. 

fDAiBANDOKORO ^M /^v >? 3 H i.q. midaidokO" 

ro, or concubines' opartments ; harem. 
Daibansho it^/<i^i^n ¥ £ ^7r »• The din< 

ing room in the Mikado's or in a priest's 

dwelling. 
Daiben Jt^^y ^-^ n. Feces; excrement: 

— wo sunt, to go to stool. 
Syn. DAiYo, Kxrso. 
Daibenk5shi it^ ^s^fj ^ ly f ^ W > (i n. 

Gharg6 d'AfTaires. 
Daibu if ^ -f coll. cont. of daiban. 
Daibdn if A'f^ -Ki^ ^^' Very much; to « 

large degree; for the most part : — xjokunntia^ 

he is much better ; — suzushikxf. natta, it ii 

much cooler. Syn. yohodo, sukobubu. 
Daibutsu if^~/y^^ti, A large imagt of 

Buddha. 
Daicho y>ff-Yi5r :^Bin- (med.) T>ir- 1kti« 

intaetincs. 



DAI 



66 



DAI 



JhiDAi it ^ if ^ ^ 1^ ad7. For generations ; 
from age to age. 

Daidai if 4 if 4 & Q- A kind of bitter orange. 

Daid6 if ^ if if ^aj (5ji) n. Highway ; main- 
road: — mise^ selling goods on the street 
spread ont apon the ground ; — gothaku, a 
story-teller. 

Daidoko ifj^ipzi ooll. cont. of daidokcrro, 

Daidokobo if -^ ^ ^ t> "^ ff( n. A kitchen, 
Syn. kuri-ta, katte 

D^iruKucHo ifAy^'i-^f; ifeJfS'lft n. A 
merchant's account book in which tbe sales 
are entered ; day-book. 

Daioa if 4 if :^ }*J (o kawa) n. A large river. 

Daiqakko if a a if fj i; :fe?|!t^n. A univer- 
sity, college. 

Daigaku if a a if j^^ n, A great learning, 
one of the four books of Confucius. 

Daioakubyo it a a y \yff i^^^lk ^- The 
imperial university at Ey5to. 

Dax-oasa if Mf-^ ^^vl, a large umbrella 
carried before high otticials. 

Dai(»awari if a Hf^^ -f^; 3^ n. Change of dy- 
nasty, reign, or headship of a family. 

Baioennin if a -^^^^ f^ *^ A n. A law- 
yer, attorney, advocate. 

tDAiOENSUi k A ^^"^A "KrtVf Generalis- 
simo. 

Daioi iF A^ S :^ n. The stump, or stem on 
which a graft is fixed. 

Daioi-nin \ if a ^ =^^ iXVk K t^- a represen- 

Daioishi I tative, delegate, deputy. 

Daio6 ifAif^ ^ !|Jt n- The name, or title of 
a book. Syn. gedai, htodai. 

Daiowan it a fVi^ -KWi. (onegai) n. Earnest 
prayer; petition; great desire: uilw no — , 
the desire of one's whole life; — wo kakeru^ 
to offer up prayer. 
Syn. NBOAi. 

Daihaohi-oubuma if a f^i^ ^ f^^ ^ A $ n. 
A car, or dray for hauling goods. 

Daihanji if^f^^^ 'K^\% °' The chief 
judge. 

Daihannta it a j\ ^ =2,^ ^^^ n. The 
name of the six hundred Bud. sacred books : 
— kyo wo tendoku suru^ to chant these books 
through, reading only a little here and there 
at one sitting by a general assembly of priests. 

Daihitsu it a \i y i^Ht n. Writing for 
another ; a secretary, amanuensis. 

DaihyS itA^t^ i\^ — 'W'*'*! to represent ; 
to act as a representative. 

Dai-ichi fit a a 'f' n. The first; the principal ; 
the best : — ban, the best. 
Syn. rrAsAKi. 

Daxji if a ^ SS t$ ^ The preface of a book. 

Syn. JOBUN, HABHIOAEI. 

Oaui fit a i> iZ'f' ^- Important affair ; of 
consequence; danger; harm: daiji-nait no 
importance ; no matter ; — ni kakeru, to re- 
gard with care ; careful of ; o — ni nasare, take 
oare of yourself ; — * no shinci dc gozarimasut 
it is a thing of great consequence, or highly 
valued. 

Syn. TAISETSTT. 



Dauin it a 3^v :^A. n. A great man; ariefa 
man. 

Dauin ^ >f s? v ^ ^ n. The title of a mem- 
ber of the Council of State, or Privy CoonoiL 

DauinoO fi* a ^ ^ it j^^ 'S ^' A temple 
dedicated to the Sun-goddess, Tenthodaijin ot 
Amaterasu omi kami^ from whom the Imperial 
family has descended. 

Dauin-eb ^^fs^j^y^^S^n. A family at 
Kyoto from which the high officers were for- 
merly chosen. 

Daijibi it a 1^9 $t IJ n. The breech or butt 
of a gun. 

Dauo fit a 5?3 i; ^^n. The great conveyance; 
a system of Buddhism; t.q. mahayana, 

Daijobu ^ -^ f-' Y ^ >r :^ i. -^ adj. fooU.) 
Strong; firm; solid; well fortified; able to 
resist; hale, robust, sound in body; fixed* 
settled; safe; secure; certainly; surely. 

Syn. TASHIEA, SHIEKABI TO SHFTA. 

Daijochin itA f-yt^i-s^ ^^^ n. A lan- 
tern suspended from a pole fixed to a pedestaL 

Dauo-daijin ^a ^^ifitA sJi^ iz^-k.^ »• 
The title of the highest officer in the Council 
of State ; the Prime Minister. 

Dauob ^yf5?-vi5^j£ :^'ff'fr n- The cere- 
mony of offering lice to tbe Kami by the TeU' 
shij to announce to them his ascension to the 
throne,=coronation. 

Dajo-tbnno it^^i;T^^ y jk-h^E "». 
The title of a Mikado who has retired or ab- 
dicated the throne ; also called dajotei otjokd, 

Dai-jOno fit a s?7>'l>3|>^ij-n. A kind of 
shovel fixed on a stand, used for carrying fire. 

Daiea itA ^ i\\^ n. Price; cost; value. 

Syn. NED AN, ATAl. 

Daieaouba ^ >f » jr* 9 ;^^«5J n. A kind ol 
dancing in the street, by a person wearing & 
mask like a lion's head ; ball-playing. 

Syn. SHISHIMAE. 

Daieai yAiJA ^iS^ n. The ocean : — no 
ittekit a drop m the ocean (prov.) ; — wo U 
nite 8€ku, to dam up the ocean with the baud; 
— ■ wa chiri wo erabatUf the ocean does not 
mind the dust. Syn. aounabara, soto-umi. 

Daiean itAiJi^ :^ 5K n- The period of great- 
est cold, one of the 24th terms, extending from 
about Jan. 21st to Feb. 6th (o.c). 

Daieichisan ^^f^f-i^vn. A kind of con- 
fectionery. 

Daiein itA^t^iX^n. Price; value; money 
paid in exchange for goods. . 

Syn. ATAi, nedan. ^' 

Daieoeu it a ^ if ^^^- The mistress of a 
Buddhist priest. 

Daieoeu-bashiba it a ^ 9 '* l^J ^^^ lA. 
The large pillar in the centre of a house. 

Daieoeutbn itA^i^T^ izK^ "• The 
god of wealth, Fukn no kami. 

Daieon, or Daieo it A =i ^^ i<zii,^- A kind of 
large radish, Baphanus sativus. 

Daieu itA i^ k3:.n. A carpenter : funa -daikn^ 
a ship-buikler ; fune no — , a ship's carpenter. 

Daiewai itA i^V a ;fc1^(5 aUumari) n. (ohr.) 
A synod, council. 



DAI 



67 



DAK 



Dai-kwah ^^ ^ P y f^'g n, A lientenant, or 

deputy officer, who enperintended the affairs 

of an estate or fie? belonging to the Shogan. 
DADtnsHi ^ yf >i ^ 1^ {%i K {hae-kotoba) n. 

(gram.) A pronoun. 
DiixoKu y>f %^ H S n. The aame or title 

of a book ; also, the title of the player of the 

Niehi-ren sect of Buddhists, viz., namu myd ho 

renge Isyd. 
iDAUcoN y^f^v^ti^n. A kind of long robe 

with a large crest worn by nobles, before the 

times of the Tokugawa ShSgunate. 
DiitfOTsn y >f « 7 ^^ ^ n. The article or 

money given in exchange for goods; cost; 

price : — wa ikura, what is the price 7 
DADfTAKU y >f ^ "Y i' i^ I8c n. Prescribing for, 

or visiting the sick in the place of the regular 

physician. 
Daimt5 ^^l-^P^^n, The name of a 

feudal or military chief whose income was 

orer 10,000 koku of rice. 
iDAiNAooN y >f ■^ :f 3^ :;ic #1 e" n- The title of 

an officer in the court of the Mikado next 

below naidaijin. 
Daixaiki y>f■^>f*:^^|&n. The chief 

private secretary of the Mikado. 
Daixak ^>r -^v ^H (dvxizavfai) n. Great 

calamity, or affliction. 
Dadjashi ^>f -^i^ SIK (coU.) adv. Spoiled; 
dirty : — ni naru^ to be spoiled ; kimono ga — 
nifunikunattat the garment is old and spoiled. 

Syn. MUCHA-SUCBA. 

Daikin y>f 51V f^A (katoari no hito) n. A 

substitute, proxy, deputy. 
Syn. VTODAi, daibi. 
Daikin y >f ci V i\^ (kawari yaku) n. An 

official who acts in the place of another ; a 

substitute in office. 
Dai 6 ^>f ^ ^ s^tlf n. Bhubarb. 
Dai-ohjS y>f 7 i^s^-Y^ iz'^W {090^) n- A 

loud voice. 
Daibi ^>f 9 i^3£n. Aeubetitute, agent: — 

nin, id.; — koshit acting minister or charg^ 

d'affaires. 
Daibi y >r 9 A X n* The palace of the Mikado ; 

also the Mikado : — iama, 
Syn. xiHBi, kinchO. 
Daibiki ^>f 9 + ^^ {d-chikara) n. Great 

power ; great strength : — bu-id, 
Syn. o5biki. 
Daibisbki ^^ 9-ti^ -^^yS Q- Marble. 
Daibyo y^i^t/ iX^ i^» Money given in ex- 
change for goods ; price ; cost. 

Syn. DAIKIN, DAIMOTSU, HBDAN, ATAI. 

Daisainichi yyff^f^f" ^ftl9 {Smatiuribi) 
n. Great festival or holiday. 

Daisasu ^^ -^ ^ H9t ^' ^ stanza of poetry 
composed u]x>n a given theme. 

Daisan ^^ -f s^ i\^ (kawari ni mairu). Visit- 
ing a temple by proxy : — «wru. 

IDaisanjz ^>f'9*Vi^;jk:J^|(n. The highest 
official of a kan next below the Aan-cAi/i, 
lately substituted for the word ifcaro. 

Daisha ^>f i^-Y iX^ (kawari yaku) The com- 
ing of one in the place of another: shin-chiH — . 



Daishin-in ^^s^a^yfv J^^K n. The 
Supreme Court. 

Daisho it 4 i^^^ i\ijt (kawari Uugunou) — 
8uru, to make good ; make reparation or satis- 
faction in the place of another; vicarioufl 
satisfaction or atonement : — nin, a redeenier. 

Daisho jT^-te^jr ^,]\ (Ski ehiitai) Big and 
little ; large and small ; long and short ; the 
size, magnitude : — wo tatUf to wear the long 
and short swords ; tmki no — , the long and 
short months. 

Dai-sho ^ >f s^ 3 'f^ f^ Same as daihittu. 

Daiso y>f -9-i> i\^ n. A Buddhist priest 
who acts as a substitute for another. 

Daisojo y^ y ^ jJ-y* :kVtSB. n. The title 
of the highest grade in the Buddhist priest- 
hood ; an archbishop. 

Daisobeta y-f y w ir adj. (coll.) Very unjust, 
or improper, or wicked : — yaUtt; — koto wo 
iuru. 

DaisO ir^3^T> IXIR n. Algebra: — ^aftu, 
id. 
Syn. TENZAN. 

Daisu ^ 'f X S ^ n. A stand with a f umaoa 
on it, used in making tea. 

Daitai it ^ St a :^|| n. The main body o« 
substance ; general principles, essence : bukkiyl 
no — , the main doctrines of Buddhism. 
Syn. TAi-i. 

Daitai jr>f^>f ^^ n. (mil.) Battalion (of 
infantry). 

Daitan ^yf^v ^)H (kimo no futoi) Great 
courage; courageous; audacious; bold; im- 
pudent : — nam hito ; — futeki no ktuemono. 

Daito ifAStfj :^iB!5 n. The throne or office 
of Emperor : — wo ttugu, to succeed to the 
throne. 
Syn. uiKUBAi. 

Daitoku \ ^ ^ Y ^ izfH n. An honorable title 

Daitoko j ^^ h a given to a Buddhist priest 

Dai-uikyo ^>f^-f^Yi> izW^ ^- Star, 
anise. 

Daiza ^yf ^ 1^ j£ n. The base or pedestal o| 
a tomb-stone, or image. 

Daizai if^-f^ ^|g (oinaru ttumi) Great 
crime : — nin, a great offender. 

Daizenshiki if^-^i^i^^ :k,fX^ ^' Th€ 
officer in the Mikado's court who controls the 
food of the Emperor, and feasts and entertain 
ment of guests. 

tDAizo ^>f y*^ ^f|e n. i.q. daij 5, 

fDAizu it^^ ic^ ^' Curse; imprecation. 
Syn. BHuso, noboi. 

Daizu it a */ -^ 31^ vl. a kind of large white 
bean, Soja hispida. 

Dajaku if ^^ 9 »H|^ Infirm, or weak in body, 
indolent ; imbecile : — nitt yakunitatanxK. 
Syn. HINTAKU, jOjaku. 

DajokS or Dajoteno iit ^^ f; 9 V9 js>. X%^' 
The title. of a Tenshi who has aboiouiea the 
tbrone and retired into private life. 

Dajoxwan it-^ff 9 V^^ 'K^% ^* The offic€ 
of the privy council or council of state. 

Daka8e,-bu if^^iA' cAUst. of daku. To causa 
or let another embrace, or carrj' in the arms. 



DAK 



68 



DAN 



DAEA3Hi,-8n if-fj-^ caust. of daftif. To cause or 
let another carr}' in the arms, etc.: watakwhi 
ni ho 700 dakaihii^ okure, let me carry the 
child. 

Dakb ^y i.q. take. 

Dakb ^^ i. n. Mach; quantity: kore — , so 
much ; dore — , how much ? ari — , all there 
are ; watakushi — toa, as for me. 
Syn. HODO, GUBix. 

Daki,-ku it 9 ^ t.Y. To hold or carry in the 
arms ; to embrace ; to hug ; to sit upon eggs, 
as a fowl ; to brood : kodomo wo futokoro ni 
daku, to carry a child in the bosom. 

Syn. IDAKU, KAKAERU. 

Daki-ai,-au ft^y-y i^^ i.v. To embrace 

or hug each other. 
Daki-kakak,-ru it^fiii^^ Ig fe t.v To 

embrace; to hold in the; arms. 
DakikomIj-mu ^ 41 3 a fe ffi t*^* To carry 

into ; to gain over to one's party or interest ; to 

make friends of ; to subsidize : mainai wo motte 

hito daki-komu, to gain over a person with 

bribes; daki-komareru, pass. 
Daki-okoshi,-8U ifiif^ir^'^ fe^t.v. To lift 

up in the arms, as one who is lying down, 
Syn. EAKAE-OKOsn. 
Daki-shimb,-ru ^ =|» j^ ^ fl' fe Sff t.v To hug 

tightly; to embrace closely. 
Daki-tome.-ru y 41 }. ^ /u ^^ t.v. To throw 

the arms around another and hinder him from 

doing anything, or from going. 
Daki-tsuki,-kd jjt^v !f ^fe ^ i-v- To cling 

to with the arms ; to hug up to : kodomo wa 

oya ni — , the child clings to its parent. 
DaIlko ^y zif; fSjUF- "^^ (med.) Prolapus ani. 
+Dak6 jJ^ * ^ iSk H^ n Provisions for a journey. 
Dailo ^ 3 ^ ^ n. A spittoon, spit-box. 

Syn. HAiFUKi. 
Daku if if ^ — »Mrtt, to assent, consent , to 

answer, or respond to a call. 

Syn. NOMZ-KOHU, ubenau, shochi-subu, oa- 
TEN-SUEU. 

Daku ^ ^ n. Cantering a horse , galloping ' — 
wo noru ; — wo kakeru. 

Daku-boku it 9ifi 9 i£5 l!7 adv. (coll.) Pull of 
ups and downs, or hills and hollows ; uneven 1 
inxchi ga — shite arukarenUf the road is so un- 
even it canH be traveled. Syn. taka-biku. 

Dakd-on y ^ i* V S ^ (nigori koe) n. The 
impure sounds of some of the Japanese sylla- 
bles, as &a, 6t, &u, da^ Jt, zu, etc. 

Daku -SHU it 9 1^=^ S^S (wt^ort-zaft«) A kind 
of inferior sake. 

Dakwan it if V iy^ ^ ife ('"'** kaeriC) Convert- 
ible : — ginken^ convertible paper money. 

DaeyC ^ ^ ^ ^ fi^ n. A game of ball plaved 
on horseback : — wo sum, to play the above 
game ; — saji, a pole armed with a net with 
which the ball is caught. 

Damaka8HI,-su it^-Ji^ t.v. (coll.) To hoax, 
humbug; to take in, cheat, deceive, impose 
«n, trick : damakasarerUy (pass.) to be taken 
ts, or hoaxed. 

Dauabase.-bu it-r^-^J^ caust. of damaru. 
To cause another to be silent ; to silence, hash. 



Dahabi it-r ^ ^ T^' Silence; without speak- 
ing: — de surn\ to do anything without telling ; 
-^ no makUf a theatrical scene where the actors 
are silent ; pantomime ; — de kihi, to hear in 
silence. 

Damabi,-bu i^-r ^ Jl^ l.v. To be silent, still ; 
not to speak : damatte tru, to be silent ; da- 
matte ite kudasaret please say nothing about 
it ; damare (imp.), o damari nasare, id., be still. 

Syn. MOKUNEN-, MODASU. 

Dabiasabe,>bu ^ ^ -9* wA' ift)9c (pass. of damasu) 
To be deceived, cheated. 

Damashi,-su ^v:^ JBc t.v. To cheat,^ hoax, 
take in, deceive, circumvent, beguile, impose 
on ; to divert, amuse : hito wo damashite kane 
wo torUf to cheat a man out of his money; 
katari wa hito wo — mono da, the imposter is 
one who deceives men ; kodomo wo — , to divert 
a child. 

Syn. AZAMUKU, itsuwabu, tabubakasu. 

Dama8hi-komi,-mu y ^ s^ 3 a J^ f| t.v. To 
take in, cheat, overreach, victimize, inveigle. 

Damashi-tobi,-bu it^ %^Y A^^'f^ t.v. To take 
by cheating. 

Dambashiqo ^ 3^ /^ s^ d* n. (coll.) Stars. 

Dambiba •^'b'^^^o* A broadsword. 

Dambukuro it 1/ -f if p n. Pants ; trowsers 
made in foreign style. 

Dame ^j» (coll.) Vain; aselesa: kusuriwono- 
mashite mo — da, it is nseless even to take 
medicine. 
Syn. MUDA. 

Dame it jt J^ n. The pieces lost in a game 
of checkerb ; omission ; anything overlooked ; 
refuse : — wo shiraberUj to examine if any- 
thing is omitted. 

Dami,-mu it A i.v. (coll.) Bustio ; coarse ; hoarse : 
damitaru koe^ a coarse voice. 
Syn. inakameku. 

Damiqob it ^ =r j& n. The coarse or hoarse 
voice of a boor, or countryman. 

Damma ^ !> -r 91: ,f^ n. A pack-horse. 

Dammabi ^v-r 9 (ooll- ^f>r damari). 

Dammatsuma ityr y -r Hf^^n. Articulo 
mortis, hour of death ^Bud.j. 
Syn. matsuoo, mttojO, binO. 

Dammetsu it i^ jf y V[^ Destruction; extinc- 
tion ; extermination : — stiru^ to cut off and 
exterminate ; — ni kisuru, to be extinct. 
Syn. HOBOBosu. 

Damo it ^ cont. of dani mo. adv. Even ; only. 
Syn. demo, bae. 

Dampan iti^^i^ IK^J i^' Confereuoe; con- 
sultation; deliberation. 
Syn. DANK5, s5dan, kake-az. 

Dampatsu iti^^^y ^^ {ke wo kiru) n. Cat- 
ting the hair: — no hito, a m»ta who has hi» 
hair cut. 

Dampbi it v-« ^ & #1 (hanashi no tant) mate 
rial or subject of conversation. 

DampQ ^v><i> ^i^ n. The pariahioneTB ot 
a temple. 

Syn. DANKB, DANKA, DAN-OT8U. 

Dan y V f^ n. A step ; a raised platform. 
Dan ^v ^ n. Grade; rank; step; a section 



DAN 69 

ot a book ; an act or play in a theatre ; thing 
or affair ; anhjeot : kono — no kokoro wa^ the 
meaning o! Qua section; — ga chigai, of dif- 
fer^t grades; iehi-dan, one act; one grade; 
koihigo no ^-, the ste'^s of a staircase or lad- 
der; — wo kixukUf to throw np a platform 
(of dirt or stones) ; butiu-dan, an altar. 

Dah ^v H n. A man, son; 6th order of 
nobility = baron. 

fDiir ^i^ jl^n, A light-green color. 
Syn. KOBGi. 

Bakchi ^3^f- ^ Ms {atatakai tokoro) n» A 
wann place, or conntry. 

DiNOHd ^^f"^-fy nn {harawata wo tatw)=z 
ezoeedingly grieyed or afflicted : — no omoi^ 
felt great grief. 

Dandan ^ vy V ^ 1^ adv. In ranks ; step by 
step; gradaally; by degrees; great; many; 
Tarious: — te ga agaru, gradnally a better 
hand at; — atiui oboshimeihif how great is 
your kindness. Syn. oi-oi, bhidai-shidai nz. 

Dandaba. iti/jf'^ n. Checkered ; striped cross- 
wise; marked or cut across in sections; ir- 
regular: — Wi haUtf a flag with cross stripes ; 
— ni tomeruj dyed with cross stripes ; — byd- 
ihU irregular sounds, loud and soft. 

Daxoah ^5/j^vlK-^n. A steep bank. 

Syn. OAKE, KIBI-KISSI. 

Danoi if^if ^ {^ n. Preaching ; lecture ; a 
sennon by a Buddhist priest : — wo kiku^ to 
listen to a sermon ; heta no naga — , the long 
eennon of a novice. 

Syn. SBPPO, HODAN, KOSHAKU, BBKKTO. 

Danoo ^i^zf ^ ^ n, A dumpling, or bread 
cooked by boiling: hana yori — , (prov.) a 
dumpling is better than flowers. 

Ban-ooku ^ V :/ ^ VffSi. Q* Jndging a criminal. 

Dani ^^ adv. Even; only; as much as; at 
least, at any rate : nani to kotaen kotoba — 
fiaiti, had not even a word to answer; oto — 
»ezu ba, if only there be no sound. 

Syn. SAE, DRMO, BUBA. 

Dani ^:=:, ^ % n. A dog- tick. 

Daki ^^ VtVt "• ^oods carried by a pack- 
horse. 

Danji ^ V 3^ H ^ n. A male child, boy , a 
man. Syn. namshi, otoxo. 

Danji,-ru ^^'^A' g^ i.Y. To speak, talk, 
say: o danji mSskitai koto ga aru, I have 
something I should like to say to yon. 

Syn. HANABU, KATABU, lU. 

Dahjikz 3^i>^f^^ mi^ n. Beligious fasting ; 

abstaining from food : — wo «urtt, to fast. 
Dahjibi ^ V f' 9 n. An ornamented car drawn 

by oxen or men at festivals. 
Syn. DABHi. 
Dasjp y^'i^'Yi^ 'SPJE n. A department of the 

government exercising judicial functions. 
Dahjotax ^3^s?in3rir>f ^JEKn. Censorate. 

Syn. UBTSUKE. 
Dankx itt^ir tftX^ Q* ^1^® parishioners, or 

familiea that support a Buddhist temple. 
Daxkbtbu ify^ry ■ 3S$ {mutubi-axt) — «uni, 

to unite to;;ether ; to comoine together. 

SyU. KSTSCGU. 



DAN 



Danki iti^s^ ^9i Q Warm weather; the 

heat ; warmth. 
Syn. atatakasa. 
Dankin iT V 4^ V Hf^ ^ (kane wo kiru) — no 

majiwari, strongest friendship. 
Dank5 i/tt^-ny ^^ {JuMiaihi-ai) Oonsultation 

conference : — turu^ to talk together, consult 

about, confer together. 
Syn. b5dan. 
Dankoku y V 3 ^ ft B) [p-ioXakai kwni) n. A 

warm country. 
Dakkotsu 3t>'ziy ^i^ n. (med.) Fracture ot 

a bone. 
Danma irv^ ft fill u. The parishioners of a 

temple ; master : otnae no — wa dare ka, who^a 

servant are you ? — sama, master. 

Syn. SHU JIN, TEISHU, ARUJI. 

Damma-deba yv■^r9 fltSP^'*- The tern, 
pie of whicl) a person is a parishioner. 

Dannen i^ 2^^ V Wfi^ (omoikiru) — iurUf to 
cease to think about, or mind. 

Dano if J conj. Used in enumerating several 
items, and, also: kodomo no jibun kara « 
dano €zu dano to iu mono ga suki de gozaimasu, 
I have been fond of pictures and maps from 
my childhood. 

Danotsu ^i^7 y ^a (San.) The parishionerB 
of a Bud. temple. 

Danpiba • i' fc* 9 n. A sword. 
Syn. eatana. 

Danbazu iituy9 6tJj^ {yomi'hiri) n Aasir 
tion, chapter. 

Danbin ^v9v}t^n. A Buddhist mon- 
astery. 

Dakbo ^v'n j£j||n. A stove, furnace. 

Dambon y 5^ n 5^ ^ ijl n. Discussion ; argu- 
ment. Syn. DANWA. 

Dansei ^vli>f H i^ n. Masculine gender. 

Dansen ^ vii V S S n. A fan that does not 
open and shut. Syn. uchiwa. 

fDANSEN ^ vii V n. Tax on land. 
Syn. cHiso, nbkott. 

Danshi ^ v»^ H ^ n. A male, man ; a male 
child, boy. 
Syn. DANji. 

DamtSdai yvh^^>f n^Si Q* T^o block 
on which criminals are beheaded. 

Danwa y V 37 ft fp (atataka-ni yaxoaragu) 
Warm and pleasant. Used only of the secona 
and third months (o.c). 

Danwa ^vj; 9lft n. Conversation; talking | 
speaking. 

Dantaku ^ W ^ ^fk^' Ammunition \ 
powder and balls. 

Danzai ifi^^A 0^3^ (/(tru-tmmt) n. Capital 
punishment: — ni shosurUf to punish with 
decapitation. 

Danzen ^ i^ -tf V K ^ adv. In a final manner, 
or so as to put a stop to; effectually; de- 
cidedly ; sxurely ; positively. 

Danzetsu it^-^y KliS — *«"'"» to cut off, 
destroy, exterminate, annihilate; to become 
extinct ; to cease, fall : kamei wo — sum, to 
cut off the family name. 

Syn. TATASU, UESSUKU, HonuooBU. 



DAN 70 

Dakzuru ^ J' 5^ jI'. See d(tnji. 

Daba-dara y 9 ^ 9 ftdv. (coll.) In a slow, 
sluggish maimer ; little by little ; drop by drop : 
chi ga — to nagareru^ the blood flows drop 
by drop ; — ori^ gentle declivity. 

Darake jt^ ^ (coll.) Used only in composition 
with noun8r=coyeredwith, filled with, smeared 
with : kao ga tumi darake dn^ face is smeared 
over with ink ; U ga cJii-darake ni natta, hands 
are covered with blood ; knni wa akunin darake 
da^ the country is filled with bad men ; ytima- 
darake t mountainous. 
Syn. uabubs. 

Darakb,-ru ^9 y n* i.v. To be languid, dull, 
sluggish, drooping, indisposed to exertion : kyo 
wa aUukute karada ga daraketa^ to-day it is 
so hot I feel languid ; daraketa nariy a languid, 
leisurely manner. Syn. yowaru. 

Daraku i* 9 ^ Jt ?f (ochiru) — sum, to fall ; 
to drop ; to fail away ; to apostatize ; to fail ; 
to degenei-ate (Bud.) : jigoku ni — mru, to 
/ fall into hell ; darakn-tdf an apostate priest \ 
nedan ga — thita^ the price has fallen ; — 
shite himbo ni nnttn, to fail and become poor. 
Syn. ORNZOKU. ochibure. 

Daramz ^^ =^ 1$ H ^ 1^* Magic formulas 
taken from the Bud. sacred books and written 
in the Sanscrit character. 

Daranisukb, or Darasukb y9^>^>* 1$B'& 
-^ n. A kind of bitter medicine. 

Darafptoshi-na y 9 h* 3 i> S^ •^ (vul. coll.) adj. 
Disorderly ; slovenly ; irregularly. 

DARA8HiNAi,-Kn ^ 9 l^-Y A (coll.) adj. Slovenly; 
loose; disordered ; careless : obi too — muiubif 
to tie the belt in a careless manner. 

Dare ^u f^ (coll. same as tare) pron. Who ; 
whom : — ga itathita, who did it ? — nite mo 
or dare-demOt anybody, everybody, whoever ; 
soko ni iru no wa dare da, who is in there 7 — 
mo shitta mono wa naf, nobody knows it ; or, 
I don't know anybody ; kore wa — no hon da, 
whose book is this ? — ni yarimashd ka, to 
whom shall I give it 'I — ka saki ye kita, 
somebody has come before us ; — mo, with a 
neg. verb.=nobody, no one ; with an afif. verb, 
=everybody. 

Dabb,-ru ^ V A' {i^ t.v. (coll., same as tarent) 
To fall in price ; to bo putrid : wata jno tuko- 
shi dareta, cotton has fallen a little ; kome-soba 
mo chitto dare-kuchi da, the price of rice has 
begun to fall a little ; sakana ga dareta, the 
fish is putrid. Syn. baoaru, kuaaru. 

Dab6 ^ 9 1> oont. of de ard. Naze sonna ni 
yenryo suru dard, why are you so diffident ? 
nagata wa roku sun dard, it was about six 
inches long; ikusa ga okoru dard, I think 
there will be war. 

Dabui,-ki,-bhi ^ A' >f adj. Languid; sluggish; 
dull ; heavy ; lifeless ; weak and indisposed to 
•xertion; flabby: ashi ga — , my legs are 
weak. 

Dabuxu if ^9 adv. Same as darxd : haru saki 
wa karada ga — nam, in the latter part of 
spring the^ody becomes languid. 

Syn. EATTABUKU. 



DAS 



Dabuva y iu -7 at ^ n. A follower of Shalo^ 
and teacher of Buddhism who came to China 
in A.D. 520 and founded the Zen sect. 

Dabumaei if f^-^^f. atlflFi&>i* A festival in 
honor of Daruma on the 5th day of ^e 10th 
month (o.c). 

Dabuiii,-ut7 ^ a- a fig i.v. (coll.) Same as 
tarumu, 

Dasabe,-bu ^-^ \^f^ (pass, and pot. of dam). 
To be put out, sent away : ano onna wa uome 
ni itte dasareta, that woman was married bat 
has been divorced; issen mo dasarenai, I 
cannot give a penny. 

DA8ASB,-Bn iT -^ -te A- (caust. of dasu). To 
make or let another put out, pay out. 

Dasb,-bu ^-ttA^ (coll. pot. of dasu) Same as 
dasareru : kane wo daseru ka dasenai ka, can 
you pay the money or not ? 

Dasen ^^^ ^1^ n. (med.) Salivary gland. 

Dabhx ^ ^ n. A sauce or flavoring for sonp: 
katsno-bushi no — , a sauce made of dried 
katsuo. 

DA<tHi ^ S^ $1 $ n. An ornamented ear 
drawn at fes'tivalH and used for theatrical per- 
formances, dancing and music. 

Dashi #^5^ 16 u. Pretext; pretence; excnse: 
yamai wo — ni suru, to make sickness an ex- 
cuse. 

Syn. eakotsukb. 

Dashi,-bd ^5^ 5i» t.v. To put out, take out, 
drive out, bring out, lead out, pay out, find 
out ; to show ; to cause to go out : cha wo da$e^ 
bring the tea ; daskite miru, to take out and 
look ; kane wo dashite kau, to pay out money 
and buy ; te wo — , to ptit the band to ; to 
keep ; to begin or go at anything ; ha wo — , 
to show the teeth ; boya ga aruki-daskita, the 
child has begun to walk ; mezurashii koto wo 
kiki'dashita, I have heard a strange thing ; ji 
wo mi-dashita, I have found the word ; mise 
wo — , to set up a new store ; kaze ga fuki-da- 
thita, the wind has sprung up. 
Syn. iDABU. 

Dabhi-ai ^ J/ 7 h 5li -^ n. Contributing ; con- 
tribution ; paying out together ; investing in 
shares : ikura zutsn no — de kono mise wo o 
dashi-nasatta, how much capital has each 
person invested in this store ? 

Da8Hiai,-au ^S^T7t.v. To contribute. 

Dabhi-ibe it l^ ^ u ^ ^ n. Expenditures 
and receipts ; the taking out and putting in : 
kane no — ga di, to take in and pay out a 
great deal of money. 

Dabhi-nuke-ni ^ 5^ 5< >■ — 5b iS *^dv. Suddenly ; 
by surprise ; abruptly ; at unawares : — hito 
wo tataku, to strike a person at unawares. 

Dashinuki,-ku it i^yL 3t ^^ t.v. To elude; 
to stealthily get ahead of one; to steal a 
march, or get an advantage ; to civcumvent : 
hito wo — , to steal away from one. 

Dasseki ^ !y -b ^ Hg K n. Dismission from the 
register. 

Dasshi, Dassubu ityyts^JSi t.v. To eseape 
from, flee from ; to leave ; to abandon : kuttu 
wo — , to take off the shoes ; yo wo — , to 



DAS 



71 



DEB 



Abandon the world ; hehi ga kaioa v>o — , the 
make oasts its skin. 
Syn. MUKO. 

DiMBi ffy^JSttk (^u^tt vfo nupii) n. Ab- 
dicating the throne. 

Dasshotbu ify ^=i.y ^^ {nnlcede)ji, (med.) 
Prolapsas. 

Basso ^7 y flKffi n* (med.) Oangrene; morti- 
fication; sphaoelas. 

Disao Atv^f; ]K ^ n< Flight ; escape ; de- 
sertion ; (spoken of troops) : — tum^ to desert. 

DiiAi ^ St 4 BJin X3i* Abortion: -r «af«ru, 
to cause abortion; — no ifctMuri, .iliedioines 
trhieh caase abortion. ^ 

Byn. Ko wo obobu. ^ 

Dazb ifT f^ at n* Show; display; ostenta- 
tion ; gay appearance ; finery : — wo turu, to 
make a show; — otoko, a fop; — ddguy ar- 
ticles carried in the train of a daimyd for shew 
and ornament merely ; — tnoydt gay figures, 
as on a dress; — na, gay. gatrdy, showy. 

Syn. HADB, KAZABZ. 

Batbkoxi yyzi^ n. (coll.) A fop; one fond 
of dress. 

Daibba ^ T 9 (=de i'fiagara). See tatera, 
Onna-datera ni. 

DiTESBA ^T^-y ft1^^ ^' One fond of 
wearing finery ; a fop. 

Datesbi y 7> s^ n. A gallant, chivalrons person ; 
a fop. 

Datsubun it y fi/ f^% n An omission in 
a writing. 

Datsc-i ify a ffi =ft {^oTomo wo nugu) Strip- 
ping ofif the robes of a priest, and turning him 
oat of the priesthood : — sateru, 

Batsujz ^ 7 s^ ISj^ U^ ^^0 otosu) n. The 
omission of a character or word in a writing. 

Dat8ub5 ityxtff JK i^ (ochi-morera) n. An 
omission. 

Datsdbtazxj y 5^ 9 -Y ^ #81 (nhai toru) — 
niru, to seize by violence ; to capture. 
Syn. bundobu. 

Dattai-swankotsu if y 9 ^ 9 vt^ ^y JKft^ 
#^ r^ n. Writing the sentiment of another's 
poetry in different words ; plagiarism : — %oo 
toshiri too manukarezu, 

Datto it y 9 if Hfc Xf \)i^ia.na wo toru) Not 
wearing a sword ; without a sword : hito no ie 
ni wa — nite iru ga rei nart, it is etiquette on 
entering a house to take off the sword. 

Da-US ^ i> 3^ ^ S n. A letter : — kudasare 
arigataku toi\ji soro, many thanks for your 
letter. 

Syn. tboahi. 
Dm X Post-pos. expressing the cause, manner, 
or instmnient ; the place, or time ; sometimes 
answering to the sub. verb, being ; as it is ; 
with, by, at, of, in ; because of, on account of : 
te de huUu, strike with the hand ; fude de 
kakun to write with a pen ; fune de yuku^ to 
go by ship ; hitori de arut to be by one's self ; 
to be alone; Tokyo de koshiraeta^ made at 
T5ky5 ; take de koihircLeta^ made of bamboo ; 

damari de yuku^ went without speaking, or 

in silence ; kore wa nan de am, what is this 7 



kami de aru^ it is paper; tayd df gozurimasu, 
yes, it is so ; dd de gozarimasti, how is it ? ano 
hito de nakereba dekinai, nobody can do it 
except him ; eamuta de omou yd ni totei mo 
deki-naU because of the cold I fear you can't 
carry on your business as you wish ; de motte^ 
by means of, because of. 
Syn. Mrra, mi, wo mottb. 

Db x ;{> a neg. suffix ; oont. of xute or zu shite : 
ihirade kanawanu^ must know ; temo furede 
oku^ to let be and not touch it ; mono wo mo 
iwade nige-tuetarit without saying a word he 
disappeared. 

In coll. sometimes used eliptioally to express 
a strong affirmative ; as, daiji no teishu ga 
ihinda mono ndkaide <a, should not a wife 
weep for her dead husband so important to 
her? uta yomaide ia=:uta yomanai koto ga 
aru mono ka^ can't I write poetry as well as 
others ? kono ihiaoto senaide 8a=kono shigoto 
iegu ni okumono ka, should I let this work be 
without doing it f 

Db,-bu ^a^ ^ i.v. To go or come out, issue 
forth, proceed from ; to arise, appear : 'ucJii 
kara dete yuku, to go out of the house ; dete- 
koi, oome out ; deta or demaihita, has gone 
out ; hi ga deta, the sun has risen ; hima ga 
deruj to be out of employment ; yoi chie ga deta, 
have found out how to do it ; ka ga deta, the 
mosquitoes have oome ; kinome ga deta, the 
buds have sprouted ; fune ga denuuhita Ao, 
has the boat left, or has the ship sailed? seki 
ga deru ka, have you a cough? dematen, I 
have not ; chi ga deru, it bleeds ; ne-ase ga 
deru, I sweat at night ; taisd hito ga deta, a 
great many people have come out; kwajiga 
deta, there is a fijre; kabi ga deta, it has 
mildewed. Syn. izubu. 

Db-ai,-au tT7 ^if i.v. To meet while 
out ; to meet with : miehi de de-atta, to meet 
in the road ; deai-gashira ni atama wo uteti, 
to bump heads just on going out ; kaijd nite 
nampU ni de-ai, met with adverse wind at sea. 

Deba 5^/^ ft a n. Projecting teeth. 

Deba 7 />? ^ 77 n. A kitohen-knife; carving 
knife. 

Debana 3r/<i* ^199 n. The first issue: cha 
no debana, a newly-made infusion of tea ; tnuu 
no debana, the first rush of a flood of water. 

Debari 7/^1; n. An out-station; a shop or 
office away from home ; a police station. 

DEBABi,-Rn ^/^A* ^% i.v. To leave home 
and attend to business, or duty, at some fixed 
place : ken-juteu-shi tiuki rokutai ni ddjo ye de- 
baru, the teacher of the sword exercise six 
times in a month attends at the gymnasium; 
baneho ye debaru, to attend at the police 
station ; debari no isha, a physician who has 
regular places away from home for prescribing 
for the sick. 
Syn. shutohO subu. 

Debeso T^y ^VfT^' Projecting navel ; um- 
bilical hernia. 

Debitai r 1; ir b ^ {R n. Projecting forehead. 
Syn. ODBEo. 



DEO 



72 



DEK 



l>ECHiaAi,>AU 'f^isy ct aS t.v. To misa by 

(Ding oat ; to be out when another ealls and 

8o miss seeing each other. 
Dedana 7 y '^ ^ |£ Q- A branch-shop ; an 

agency. 
Dedemttbsi X 7 a 2^ iR ^ !>• A. snaiL 
Deoara 7 ^ 5 n. The pierced cocoon after the 

moth has left it ; also tea-groands. 
]>EGE r y n. A small porcelain spoon with a 

short handle. 
Deoibai 7^:^^ b n. One who dislikes to go 

out ; fond of staying at home. 
Degibb 'f^^ i^ ^ ^ n. Scraps of cloth left 

after catting ; a remnant. 
Deooshi T*r^5^?li:ft^ii. A projecting 

framework oatside of the window. 
Deha 7 >^> ;]^ i^ n. A place for going oat ; a place 

of exit : — ga fiat, there is no place of exit : 

— wo tuhinattay have forgotten how to get ont. 
I)b-haeai,-au ^^> 9 y i.v. To be all oat, all 

sent oat, clean sent oat : kuruma ga deharatta^ 
the carts are all oat. 
Dehodai ^f^^ifA ?fcftS a<*v- MM Speak- 
ing off-hand, at random, withoat reflection : 

— nt til, to speak at random. 

Syn. DBTABAUB. 

I>«i x^ i^ (dor6) n. Mud; a kind of paint: 

— chu no hachisu no gotoshi^ like a lotus flower 
growing in the mad, (prov.) of one who leads 
a pare life among bad companions. 

I>BiDBi 5r >f x-f n. A class of people of very 
low grade who make their living, the men by 
mending shoes, the women by playing the 
guitar in the streets, the same as hinixi, or 
eta^ so called from uttering the sound of d«i- 
deU as they walk the streets. 

Dbikin ^>f 41 ^^ Same as kindei. 

Deibi X >f 9 ?!; A n. Going out and in ; 
expenses and receipts ; a dispute, quarrel, suit 
at law : kane no — ga 5i, the income and 
expenditures are large ; — ga aru, to have a 
dispute ; de-iri-guchi, a door, common passage 
way: — no mono, one who is employed about 
a house. 

Db-irishi ^^V^^X^n. A lawyer; a 
person who manages a lawsuit=Aett;t«/». 

Deito t ^ > ift i. (doro Uxtchi) n. Mud and clay. 

I>EJiRO X 5? p ^ ^ n* An out-castle ; one 
besides the main-castle, erected in another 
place. 

Dbkakabi,-ru ^ U \ a^ 5fe # i.v. Ready or 
about to go out ; to be about to do, about to 
appear : de-kakatte oru kara nochihodo me 
fit kakari-mashS, as I am about to go out I 
will see you by and by. 

Dbxa8hi,-8d r :» :^ d? ^ t.v. To cause to be- 
come, or to succeed in doing; to bring about ; 
to manage to do ; to make : kore wa dekasfUta, 
how well you have succeeded in doing it ! ton- 
da koto w^ dekashita, done a bad business ; 
dekashi gao^ a countenance expressive of suc- 
ceai ; triumphant countenance. 

Db-kabeoi 5r :^ -b + 5^ ^ n. Business, or 
emplcymout uway from home ; — ni yukUj to 
go ikway from home to work. 



Dekata 5r * 5f ^ :^ n. A constable or spy. 

Dekawabi X j» /> •; ;fc # n. Change in going 
out to service ; doing duty in the place of one 
whose time has expired: — fio mae, before 
one*s time of service is up ; — ga kuru, time 
of service is up ; shibai no — , the exchange of 
playactors from one theatre to another. 

Deki t¥ ^^n. The product; what is done, 
or finished : — ga warui, it is badly made, or 
done; fiatit de dekita mono ka, what is it 
made of 7 kome no — ga yoi, the rice crop is 
good ; shigoto no — ga oi, the work done is 
great ; deki fu-deki ga aru, sometimes it is 
good, sometimes bad ; good and bad; irregular; 
— thidai mottekoi, bring it as soon as it is 
done. 

Deki,-rit x^ja- 5b ^ i.v. To do, make; to 
produce ; to finish ; can, able : dekiru-ka de- 
kinu'ka, can you do it, ornot ? dekinai, can't; 
dekineha dekinakute mo yoi, if you can't, never 
mind; ie ga dekita, the house is finished ; ko 
tofihi wa kome ga yoku dekita, this year the 
rice has done weU ; are wa yoku dekita hito 
d/(, that is an honest man; nebuto ga dekita, 
have got a boil ; kane ga dekita, have made 
money; ko ga dekita, has brought forth a 
child. 

Syn. SHUTTAI SUBU, JOJt) SUBU, BUBU, XTAfiU, 
NASU. 

Dbki-aoari 5r * T ^ 9 n. The work, prodno- 
tion ; the finish. 

Deki-aoabi,-bu r^T*'^ «b^Ji !.▼• To 
be done, finished, completed ; ail done : ie ga 
— , the bouse is finished. 

Deki-az r "^ T b n. Beady made articles ; 
articles on hand : -de gozen wo dasu, to set 
out just such food as there is at hand ; — fto 
kimono, ready-made clothing ; — no tsukue ga 
gozarimasu ka, have you any tables ready 
made ? — fHfu, marriage without a go-bet weeou 
Syn. 4BI-AI. 

Deki-ai.-au yf ^.yy ik^'^ i-v. To be ready 
made; nt hand; on hand: saiwai dekiatta 
»hina ga gozarimam, fortunately I have one 
ready made. 

SyU. ABI-AU. 

Dekibai, or Dbkibab 5r ^ y^? -f jfe ^ 36 n. That 
which is done, or produced ; work ; production ; 
workmanship ; the effect, result : — ga ii, it 
is beautifully done ; — ga wand, it is badly 
done. 

Dekibuoeu ^Sf^-//^^ jg:^ n. Bichea ac- 
quired suddenly, or one who has suddenly 
become rich. 

Dekiookoeo T^^trfnp jfe^Ri^ffn. Sudden 
notion or fancy ; sudden desire : futo thita — 
de tsui warui koto itaskimashita, seized with 
a sudden notion I did wrong. 

Dekiooto 7^^ =f b n. Anything »iiat happens 
or comes of itself without apparent cause ; an 
affair which was unseen and unavoidable ; an 
accident. 

Dekijinsho r + 3?J^i^iri5r n. ^addenly §/^ 
quired riches. 

Syn. DEKIBUOEN. 



DEK 



78 



DEN 



DnoMONo =f^^^ ^jSn* ^ sore ; an ulcer : 

— ga dekita^ I bave an ulcer ; it has ulcerated. 

Syn. 8HUH0T8U, BABBUONO. 

I>BKi8Hi 3f 4& ^ ^% &• Drowned: kesa hito 
ga — shita, this morning there was a man 
drowned. 
Syn. OBORE-jiKi. 

Dbki-sokonax,-au ^+y3i*7?fe3lK|K ^'^' To 
be spoiled, or injured, in making ; to be badly 
made: Jcore wa deki-sokonai da kara tada 
agemasu, as this is badly made I will not 
charge for it. 

Dsja-TAKA ^^Stft n. The amount of pro- 
duction, produce. 

DxKKiii-KU ^yia^f adj. (coll.) Big; great; 
large : dekkaku natta, has become large. 

Deeo, n Deku 7=1 :^JKA A puppet or 
person with a projecting forehead. 

I>BKUB0Kn ^9-slt9 adv. (coll.) Having upa 
and downs ; uneven ; full of hills and hoUows : 

— to shite iru ; — »o cUi, 

Bx-EucHi 'f 9 ^ ^V n. Place of exit ; the 
hole, orifice, nozzle, or door by which any- 
thing passes out ; outlet. 

tDssuBUHd 7^ ^ ;v Th ^ n. A puppet. 

Dkeutsdxaz 5r ^ 7 ^ b n. A puppet-showman. 

I>KsuwASB,-BU ^jfjs^tA' ife "t i'V. To meet 
unexpectedly. 

DnuE 5r ■▼ '^ {1; 13 n- Food cooked in a 
restaurant and supplied to order. 

Syn. SHIDABHI. 

DxMABU 7^-^^ J^Jig n. A fortress, or castle 

in another place, separate from the principal 

one. 
Bbmasu 7^^ ((2« and honorific masn: coll. 

same as deru^ pret. demaMhiia^ fnt. dema$hd^ 

neg. demasenu, neg. fnt. dematumai) i.v. To 

go out, issue from, proceed from. 
Ddcbata ^z^^St 19^ (ta /kitofce) n. Bice 

and wheat fields ; fields. 
DniBd r >^ A^ ^ A low, vulgar fellow ; a bully ; 

one who takes things without paying for them : 

— de sake wo nomu, 
Syn. AOTA. 

Dx3CBu 5r 5^y n. A kind of food made of raw 
fish, or beef. 

Dembuiv ^^/-fi^ ff M \^Xat ftifttt) To know 
by hearsay ; to hear from others ; a report : — 
dt Via jiseetsu ga skirenai, knowing merely 
by report I am not sure of it. 

I>EMBUN y3^:/5^ ^% 0* A telegraphic com- 
munication. 

DiMBDTsu ^ >" y y R # (odomi mono) n. 
(chem.) A precipitate (from a solution). 

I)x3CBir-TAJiN r V y-Y 3? V l^-:fel^A n. A 
nfttic ; a clownish, ignorant feUow. 

DsMB X ji ^ g n. Projecting eyes. 

•DuasB X 5 -U ?fe /g n. A branch store, agency. 

Bexizu ^% y^i7JLn, An inundation, freshet ; 

— ga miru. 

Dkbo 7 % (de «*nd mo) conj. Either ; both ; or ; 
whether; even if; soever. Found in com- 
pounds, as, nandemOf itmdemOt dochidemot 
dartdenio (which see) : inn demo neko demo 
niwatori wo torn ka slriranu^ it may be that 
lO 



both dog and cat catoh the fowls; ame demo 
fvTu ka shiranu^ it looks as if it was going to 
rain; yuki demofuraneba yoi ga, I fear we are 
going to have snow ; tuo demo itte damashite 
toru ga yoi^ if it is even by lying, better cheat 
him out of it ; sore demo iya da^ I won't even for 
that ; nezumi demo hiita sd da^ it looks as if a 
rat had taken it ; o cha demo agare^ take some 
tea ; yama ye demo agatte miyo ka, would you 
not hke to go up the hills and look about 7 
yuku to demo yukanai to demo ii yo, say 
whether you will go or not (it don't matter 
which). 

Dbmo 5^^ (same as demo, conj., but used as an 
adj.) Any kind; ordinary; common; medi- 
ocre ; middling kind : are wa — isJia da, he is 
an ordinary doctor ; — gaktuha, a scholar of 
common ability ; charlatan, pedant. 

Deupo t V4f ^'^ n. Fields, farm. 

Dbmpo r^y^^ IE #& ^* A telegram. 

Syn. DENSHIN. 

Dbup5 5rV/<^ fjlv^ n. Traditional religious 
rites, doctrines or rules; the bringing and 
introducing of a new Bud. sect : — no sd, a 
priest who introduced Bud. religion. 

Dekpo r ^^< ^ iMy^ i^* A secretly transmitted 
receipt, said of quack medicine. 

Dbmpu 5^ v-/ ^ ^n. A farmer, husbandman. 
Syn. HTAXUSHO. 

Dekpun T>"f^ Wtt^ (odomi ko) n. Starch. 

Demukai ^"^ ^ b ^ ^ n. Going out to wel- 
come a guest ; going out to meet : — ni yuka, 
to go out to receive a friend. 

Dem r 3^ {( (tsutae) n. Anything handed down, 
transmitted, or received from others ; tradition. 

Den ^ i^ ^ (iviahikari) n. Lightning. 

Den 7 V JS( (miya) n. The temple of a kami; 
the palace of the Tenshi : hon — , the main 
temple 

Den 7 V ^ (ta) n. Bice-field: — ippo, one 
field. 

DenchO 5^vf*t^|5c^n. In the dwelling, 
place of the Shdgun or in the palace. 

Dendo r^^i^^^n. A palace. 
Syn. ktOden 

Dendo =f^^if fSsS (mic/it wo tsutaen^ n. 
Preaching the Gospel ; — sha, an evangelist ; 
preacher of the gospel ; missionary ; — kwai- 
sha, a missionary society. 

Den-bn r>^3tv 1© ffl n. Farm; plantation. 

Dbngabu T'V^^lP^l^n. A kind of food 
made of baked tdfu ; also a kind of ancient 
music. 

Denoon ^ V d* V \%'^ (tsutae kotoha) n. 
Word ; verbal message ; transmitted from one 
person to another: — wo ukem, to be in- 
formed of, or receive a message ; go — kuda- 
saru beku soro, please inform others 
Syn. KOTozuTE. 

Denji 5^^^ 1^^ n. Bice-field; a farm, 
plantation. 

Denjo y vsJ-^iSr |g Ji n. In the Mikado's 
palace : — bito, persons who have the privilege 
of visiting the palace ; the kuge, or nobles of 
the Mikado's court above the rank otjijU, 



DEN 



74 



DEY 



Dbuju ^vs^a. ftUSt (tiutae 8{uuke) n. De- 
livering by teaohisg, or instraotion : — iuru, 
to instruct, teach ; — wo ukeru^ to receive in- 
straotion. 

DsKKA. r^^ ^ H n. A farm-house. 

Dkwma ^y^ij f^'f n. The title used in ad- 
dressing the prime minister or a prince=your 
highness. 

DxNKi 7 V 4^ (tl |& {Uutae shirusti) n. Records ; 
history ; chronicle ; life : tera no — ni kuwa- 
shikn nosete am, it is minutely rela|ed in the 
records of the temple. 

Denki 5^^^ 1E5R ^' Electricity. 

Dbnkito rv^hi^ ^W>t^^' Electric light. 

DENKd rv^!7^%^n. Flash of lightning. 

Denkwa t^v^V 4£ :k t^' Lightning. 
Syn. niAzuMA. 

Denky5 rs^^-V^ fHib ^' Introducing end 
tenohing religion. 

Denkt6-8hi rv4i-v^^{$4S:^°* ^ ™w- 
sionary ; evangelist. 

Denrai r V 9 -f W ^ {Uutae-kitartt) Trans- 
mitted ; hnuiled down, inherited : t^nzd yori 
— no hOken, a valuable sword inherited from 
one's ancestors. 

Denbto y V u7 ^ SR — **""»! to hoD* (game). 

Densem r vtt s^ W ^' Infectious, contagious, 
catching, as disease: — hy5, an infectious 
disease ; — furti, to be infectious. 
Syn. UTSURU. 

Dbmsbh ^ 5^ is ^ % ilS t)* Telegraph wire. 

Dembetsu r d^-tt 7 \tltii (ttutae-banashi) n. A 
tradition, story, saying, or report transmitted 
from one to another: — nite kikiinashita, 
know it only by report. 

Densha ^vs^-Yl^^n. A farm house ; the 
country. 

Dbnbha x^i^'Y \$^$i {ttutae uUusu) — nirti, 
to copy. 

Denshin r^'i^v tEff n. Telegram: — 
kyoku, telegraph office. 

Denbhinki rv5^i^^lEfg"^f{n. The telegraph. 

DxNSHo 7^ V S*' 3 Sc -h* See detyo. 

DenshO T^^if f W ^ ^* Tuition; instruc- 
tion : — ryo, the price of tuition ; — turn, to 
learn, be instructed. 

Denso r 5^ y i^ ^ n. Land tax paid by 
farmers. 
Syn. NENou. 

Dbns5 y v9*t> 'Eft J^- Electric battery. 

Dbntatsu ^> Sf y f<| aj — 9uru, to deliver a 
message, to forward or transmit it from one 
to another. 
Syn. tbOdatsu. 

Dehwaei ^v/n^* ^I^IS n. Telephone. 

Dbbabb,-bu 5^ 9 ^ '*' ift «k pass, or pot. of deru, 
can go out ; neg. derarenu^ cannot go out. 

Dbbo X ^ (coll- i™P' of deru) Get out ; go out. 

Dbbaxabi y^-ffj^) ^ A n. The time of being 
out in greatest numbers : yaUu doki wa hito 
no — , the greatest concourse of people is at 
two o'clock; hd85 ga -— , the height of the 
eruption of sm&U-pox. 
DB8HABABi,-BU ^ 5^ "Y /^ «' i.v. (coll.) To Tudely 
Interrnpt others while talking; to obtrude, 



or interfere in speaking : temae wa deeTiaharu 
ni wa oyobanait there is no need of your inter- 
ference. 
Syn. babhidebu, DEsnaiBir. 
Dbbhi r i^ ^ ^ n. A pupil, scholar, disciple, 
learner, apprentice : — dotiio, pupils, 

Syn. MONJIH, MONTBI, BH08EI, 6EIT0. 

Deshi-h6bai ^5^7jtT5r-»^-f ISJR n. Fellow- 
pupils; school-mates. 
Syn. AiDESHi. 

Dbshi-ibi ^ J'-f 9 AH {nyU-mon) n. Enter- 
ing school as a pupil ; becoming a pupil in 
anything ; — wo surUf to enter as a papU ; 
— no thngi, tuition fee; — kin, entrance 
fee. 

Syn. NTtJ-OAKU, NTtJ-MON. 

Deshi-ktSdai r i' * -Y i> #^ >f f^ )Lffi ^ 
Pupils of the same teacher ; fellow pupils. 

Dbs6 r -f i> n. Having the appearance of 
going out ; looks like going out : kaze ga desd- 
na Unki, it looks as if it would blow. 

Dbsoroi,-ou t' V p 7 ^Wi i-v- To come out 
fully ; every one to appear : 1i5sd ga desordta^ 
the small-pox eruption is fully out ; ine ni /lo 
ga de»orota. 

Debu ^zk (coll. cout. of de gozaimant), pret. 
deihita, fut. desho: dO desu, how is it? kore 
wa oiriyo dem ka, do you want this ? are wa 
kittune deshita ka, was that a fox? imada 
kikimatenu de»hita, 1 have not yet heard ; are 
wa jinhin de wa arimaaenu dethitarS ne, was 
not that an earthquake? 

fDEsu T^ ^ f] T^' A mint. 
Syn. oiNZA. 

DB8uai,-RU T^x^A* 5fe ifi i.v. To interrnpt; 
to meddle, interfere ; to intrude : — mono, a 
meddler, intruder. 

Syn. DBSHABABO. 

Detachi,-t8U ^ Sf y ^ A i«v. (cont. of ide- 
tachi). To start out ; to start off ; to set out : 
ke8a mutsH doki ni detachi-mashita, he started 
at 6 o'clock this morning. 

Syn. RHUTTATSU, HASBOXn. 

Detachi r ^ f* ^iL (same as ide-taehi) n. 
Air; appearance; manner; style of dress. 

DetaoabIj-bu T^if^ ^*^' Disposed to do, or 
in the habit of uttering. 

Detabahb 7^9 ^ n. (ooU.) Speaking at 
random ; saying anything that comes first 
without reflection ; off-hand : — too iu, id. 

Syn. DEHODAI. 

DbtOhi r 5^ f- /h ^ n. A shop boy. 
Detchi,-bu t p' f- a. i.v. To knead (as dough). 

detchiy5 ga warui, it is not well kneaded. 
Syn. KONXBu, neyasu. 
Deto T'^tf The Qoll. fut. of deru : — to om5t4 

itara kyaku ga kita, a guest came just aa I 

was thmking of going out; — to omote itara 

ame ga furi-dashita, it began to rain just aa 

I thought of going out. 
DbtSjo ^r ^^^t^ ^^^n. Leaving homa 

on account of health : — mru, to go abroad 

for health. 
Dbyu 5r a. ift ^ n. Hot springs. 

Syn. ONSEN, TO/IBA. 



DO 



76 



DOC 



Do 1^ S n. A degree in geometry, or division 
of a thermometer; right or jast measure; 
time : — wo kakani, to count the degrees ; 
kon-niehi no atsusa wa iku do^ how high is the 
thermometer to day? — wo sugiru, to exceed 
the proper degree; in shoku no do nakit not 
regular in eating and drinking ; ichi-dOf once, 
or one degree ; ni-do^ twice ; san-do, thrice ; 
Ttaido, often; iku do, how often, ox what 
degree? do do^ frequently; — wo tuhinaUf to 
lose presence of mind, or to he disconcerted ; 
Gen-rok no — , in the era of Oenroku. 

Sjn. TABI. 

Do ih ^ n, A small conical haeket used for 
catching eels : — wofuaeru, to set eel-haskets. 

Do h* SL (watasu) — <urii, to save: (Bud.) 
tkujd wo — sum, to save all creatures. 
S^. BAi-no. 

D5 ^*^> IQ n. The trunk ; the hody ; that part 
of a coat of mail which covers the trunk : — 
no mOf middle part of a ship hetween the fore 
and mizzeu masts; — no sugatta hito, a 
person of a phlegmatic temper, not easily 
excited or moved; taiko no — . 

^ ^ ^ SS. i^ichi) n. A road, way ; virtue ; 
reason; doctrine; principle; truth. Used 
only in comp. words. 

D6 I? ^ ^ n. A temple, public hall ; a cham- 
ber, church. 

^ ^ P if{ (akaguTie) n. Copper. 

Do 1^ ^ I^ (onaji) Alike ; the same ; together : 
— jittu ^ g , same day : — nen l^ if, same 
year; — gettu ^ ^ , same month ; — eUO 15] Bj, 
same street ; — btUtu ^ ^, same thing, alike. 

D5 1? ^ adv. (coll.) How ; in what manner ; 
for what reason ; by what cause ; in what 
state ; why ; what : — suru de aro zo, what will 
he do? — naru daro, what will become of him ? 
TakaJiashi wa — shite ins ka, Iiow is Taka- 
hashi doing? — $hita, how was it done? how 
was it? — shitara yokaro, what had I better 
do? — d€mo yoi, any how will do, or no 
matter ; — nari tomo itaihimasho, I will do it 
any way you like ; — ahiyoy what shall I do ? 
or, how shall I do? — ahite mo dekinai, I can 
by no means do it ; kyd wa — $hite konai, 
why don*t he comb to day? — shita mono de 
ar5 ka, or, — daro fca, what had we better do? 
or, what has become of him, or it ? — shite 
mite mo omoshiroku nai, let me try as I will, 
it is disagreeable ; — shita koto yara mtine ga 
itai, my breast pains me, I don't know why ; 

— de gozarimasu, — desu, or — da, how is 
it ? (in meeting) what's the news ? or how are 
yon? — da ka ohotsukanai, I am doubtful 
about the result ; — iu wake, for what reason ; 

— ttt hiio, what kind of a man. 

Byn. IKANX, DONOTONI. 

Doha f^ ^<? IE »% n« A worn-out useless horse : 

— ni otoru, worse than a useless horse (prov.). 
D5BACHZ l^ij'/^f'ia^n. A copper bowl. 
D'BAN |?^/>?5^ H^ IK. "• Copper-plate. 
DoBAH 1^ t^ /^ 3^ ^ *# n. The keeper of a temple. 
DdBAN I? tSr A< V ^ i^ (tomonau) n. Com- 

panion : — mru. to go together, accomwuay. 



DoBABHi ^j^l^^^u. A bridge, the floor 

of which is made of earth. 
DoBATO i^f;j<h n. Pigeons that are kept 

abont Bud. temples. 
DoBi b*b*3tMcn. The white rose. 
DoBiN b* i^ V i ^ n. An earthen tea-pot. 
DoBd 1^ tf Tif i; ^ ^ n. An inferior servant or 

buffoon of a noble. 
D5b5 i^i^/^i> ]^%u- Brethren ; compatriots. 
DdBOEO i^/fya*^ ffifiU o. A servant boy. 
DoBOKU i^V ^ i. ^ {fuahin) n. Work ; build- 
ing; construction: — kwa, department of 

works. 
DoBU f :/ ^ i& n. A ditch, trench, drain : — 

wo horu, to £g a ditch ; — wo sarati, to clean 

out a drain. 
DoBunoBU 1? */ 1? :^ adv. (coll.) The sound 

made by a liquid flowing from a bottle, or of 

a small thing falling into WHter. 
D5BUKU »^ ^ 7* ^ aj fi^ n. A kind of coat worn 

by philosophers, etc. 
DoBUROKU 1? y n ^ n. An infeiior kind of 

sake, in which the grounds have not been 

strained off: same as nigorUake. 

Syn. MOBOHI-ZASE. 

D5BUBU1 "^ -ij-f fi^A Sl3i>K"' Sbivering; trem 

bling : — ga suru, to tremble. 
DoBOSABi,-Bn ip-f-^ti^ (coll. and provin.) i.v. 

To lie down, go to bed; to sleep. 
DoBUTsa ^ -/y i\. A fat and silly person. 
DoBUTsu i^ ifyy %% ^ugoku mom) n. Things 

that have life and motion ; an animal. 
Syn. ixi-MONo. 
DoBUTSD ^ -/y i. 1ft n. A clay image of 

Buddha ; clay idol. 

DOBUTSU-BN ^ f;-/ yx.y' fS&^B| U. ZoOlo- 

gical garden. 

DoBTJTsu-OAKU ^ ^-fv it 9 %^^ n. ZoSlogy. 

D6by6 l?T^tf"Y!> 1^ y^ {pnaii yamai) Same 
disease ; same sickness. 

Dochakd 1* f* "V ^ i ^ — nohei, a soldier who 
cultivated the soil in time of peace. 

fDocHi 1^ f* ^ Same as ddshi : together ; be* 
tween; amou^st. 

DocHi i^ T^ f* ^ ft °- ^ ^^^^ » * young per- 
son under ten years of age. 

Syn. WABAMBB, KOnOMO, OSAMAOO. 

DooHiRA 1* f- 9 'R i& pro- (coll.) What place ; 
where ; which : — ye ittaka shirenai, I don't 
know where he has gone; — no miehi wo iki^ 
mashd ka, which road shall we take ? — kara 
oide nasatta, wher« have you come from ? — 
ni inasaru, where do you live? — ga yoi, 
which is the best? — demo yoroshii, either 
wUl do ; — mo yoroshii, they are both good. 

Syn. IZUKATA, DOKO, IZUBS, IZUEO. 

DooHo i^T^ S,SI^ Q* A diploma givea to a 
Bud. priest when ordained. 

DochO V? tr f- t> ag ^ n. In the toad ; on a Jour- 
ney ; traveling : — suru, to travel ; — de shinu, 

DocHtT-EX 1^ 1^ f* ^ 4^ at i* t& n. A road-book, 
guide-book. 

D6cHtJ-SHi if^f-Tgri^aS + ^^u. Porters or 
coolies who carry burdens on the highway ; 
a guido. 



DOD 



76 



DOK 



DoDAZ f?^>f di||^ n. The foundation sill of 
a honse; the foundation; ground-work of a 
frame. 

D5dan I? '^ ^ V 0) K -^ word used to save re- 
petition, ditto : mips — , same as before. 

DoDAN ^'ffUti^ IK Eukianthns japonicus. 

D5do ^i;ift; l?I aS — surn^ to travel together ; 
go — mo«/itma«u7l will go with you. 

Dodo »? igr i? t> adv. The sound of rushing 
water, or wind; roaring: — to hibiku, the 
rushing sound of water ; umi ga — to naru. 

DoDOiTSD h* b* >f y 4iP ^ — n. A kind of po- 
pular song. 

DoDON I? »? V S tt (orolid) — iw, stupid, dol- 
tish : — nn t'lono, a dolt, ass. 

DofO t^ y i^ :L JS. n. Local customs, or man- 
ners. 

DGoAEU 1^ -fy if ^ ^S,^ ^' Moral philosophy. 

DOoAKU 1^ t; if ^ ^9p Learning, or studying 
together with the same teacher, the same 
studies ; a school-mate. 

DooAtfA i^ifT u. Soft charcoal. 

DdOAME 1^ ^ ^ ^ IK n. A snapping-turtle. 

DSoANE }^ tf if^ ]^^ n. A metal band, as 
around u sword-scabbard, or package. 

Doai }? tf ^ JSH^tf n, A corset, or short jacket, 
worn outside of the other clothes in winter. 

DoGX 1^ t^ ^ 1^ SS n. A motion (parliament- 
ary). 

D60I0AKU h* t; ifjr 9 a9 Jl ^ n. Moral philo- 
sophy. 

D5ami i? ^ ^ 9 193 ^ n. Cutting the body in 
two by a side blow. 

Ddou 1^ i> / aS Jl- ^' Tools ; implements ; 
utensils ; furniture ; arms ; weapons. 

DoauDATB h*i5r/^T iS^& n. The scenery 
or decorations of a stage or theatre. 

DOoTJBUBi Jfi>/3^9 >^K[ n. Gunpowder. 

Syn. EMSHO, TAMAOtJSUBI. 

D5GusxjBi-nuB l?i>5^x9^^>^l!}Rn. A 

powder flask. 
D50UTA i»*^j^"Ya8JI-®^' -A. shop where 

second-hand furniture is sold. 
DoGWAi "? 9* V A 3E ^ n. (iyoMhiinttt kaeri- 

mizii) — ni ofcu, to put aside as not worthy 

of consideration. 
DooYO 1? i> ^ -Y ^ 1?I ff [onajiku yuku) n. 

Traveling together; fellow-travellers; going 

together. 
DdHAi 1? ^ /^ ^ ^ y {onaji tomogara) n. Same 

rank or social position, equals: — no aUatsu 

too suru, to salute as an equal. 
D5HAN 1^ ^ >^N 3^ ^ jf^ ^' Copper plate for 

printing ; engraved on copper plate : — no e, 

a copper-plate engraving ; i.q. ddban, 
DoHAN fT fy >\ V ^ ]$ n. Fellow servants of 

the same daimyo^ same clan, clansmen. 
D5HAN 1? 1^ /> V 1^ 1^ (onajiku tomonau) n. 

Going along with, accompanying : go — ita- 

shimosho, I will go with you. 
Syn. TSURE. 
DdHEN f? i> 'x V T9J £2 n. In the same state, 

condition ; without change (said only of a sick I 

psrton). 1 

OoHTo h* b -Y i0r ^ ^ &• Bags filled with earth, i 



DoHTo-BA h* b -Y tr ^-f i ^ SI »• The 
or ring made with earth-bags where wrestlen 
perform. 

Ddi 1?i^>f ^^ {onaji kokoro) n. Of the 
same mind ; like-minded ; coneurrenoe ; agree- 
ment : — surUt to be of the same mind ; to 
concur, agree, accord, second. 

D5-I }^ t; A IS\ ^ Same rank ; co-equal. 

D5iN )t^ if A > W ^\ A shampooer who ia not 
blind. 

Syn. AMXA. 

DoiTBU 1? ^ 7 81 3& n* Germany. 

Doiu ^tfAtfi^^ What ; what way, manner 
or kind : — mono da, what kind of thing is 
it ? or what is it ? — tdrt, what way ? 

Doji ^ i'^fif (com. ooU.) adj. Stupid ; fooliah: 
— na okotoaa, a stupid fellow ; — na koto wo 
ihita, to do a foolish thing ; — na me ni mt- 
atta, have been victimized. 

D5ji 1^ 1^ s^ I^ n* {onaji toki) Same period of 
time ; coeval : — ni itaru. 

DQji i^if^^^n, A boy under 15 years ; 
a child. 

D6ji,-bu i^ ^ ^ ^ fif {ugoku) i.v. To be 
moved, affected, influenced, excited : -^ taru 
keshiki mo naku^ no appearance of being af- 
fected or alarmed. 
Syn. KANZUBU. 

DojiN 1^ 3? V ^A^n, Aborigines i original 
inhabitants ; natives. 

Doja V* s? -y ^ C^ n. A kind of small fish 
caught in small streams and rice- fields; a 
lamprey. 

Dojd h*<^s;ir^£94|n. A hall ereoted neai 
Buddhist temples where the saored books an 
read ; also a place where the art of fencing is 
taught. 

DojoNiK h*^j?-V!> — V St-hA. (wtya no ue 
no hi to) n. Nobles who have the privilege of 
entering the palace ; the kuge. 

DoKA h* i> ^ n. The title used in addressing 
one in rank superior to one's self. 

D5KA h* ^ jSr (comp. of do, how, and Jka, doubt) 
adv. Of beseeching, wishing or doubt : — tatu- 
ketai mono da, I wish I could help him ; — 
yoi kufd ga arisO na mono da, it seems as if 
there might be some way of doing it ; — o 
tanomi-mOshi-masH, please help me ; — koka 
deki-agatta, I have at last somehow finished 
it ; — kdka itashit^. niairiviasho, I will do it 
some how or other and come ; — yosa sd de 
gozaru, I rather think he is better. 
Syn. d5zo, nanitozo. 

DoKAnoEA 1? fj f ft adv. The sound of load 
steps: — to aitiku; — to shite kurn. 

DoKAKU ^ tf fj ^ ^ ^ {onaji kurai) Same ia 
rank. 

D6ke,-bd I? »> ^ A' i.v. (coll.) To jest i to act 
the buffoon; to talk for the diversion of 
others : — mono, a jester, buffoon, down. 
Syn. htSoebu, puzakebu. 

DoKE t? ijr ^ allln. (coll.) A buffoon, jester, 
clown. 

DoEE,-Bu V* ^ H' aS t.v. To put out of the 
way, move to one side : doke, go away, get oat 



DOK 



77 



DOK 



ofyieway; monowodokete suiraru, to pash 
BDything aside and sit down. 
Syn. NOKSBU. 
D6KI h*i^^ fSf% °* Palpitation of heart 
Don h* ^ :}; ^ n- Earthenware. 
DoKi T? ^ % Jl T^- Anger : — wo nadamerUj 
to soothe anger ; --* wo fukumUf to feel angry. 
Syn. iKARi. 
DoKi,-KO 1? ^ ag i.v. To get out of the way ; 
to moye aside : watahushi tea dokimasu aiiata 
nneari nasare^ I will move out of the way, 
do yon sit down. Syn. noku. 
DoQDou 1? ^ 1? i^ ^^ ftd^- Beating of 
the heart; palpitation : mune ga — suru^ 
heart went pitapat. 
DoEiN 1? -)> ^ 2^ ^fh {onaji tsutome) n. Same 

official employment ; same daty. 
DoKni !•• 1^ 4^ i^lSJ^ Bleeping together. 
IX)KKABi-To )? 7 ^ 9 f adv. In the manner of 
a sudden and violent fall : — sutoani, to sit 
down suddenly and with violence; to come 
down with a hang. 
DoKKESBi ll^ ^ ^ i^ id ^ n. An antidote to 

poison. 
DoKxi ^ ^ ^ 4^ 9Er ^' Poisonous air or gas. 
DoKKo iP ^ fjif 8J ^f (hitori yuku) — «irti, 

to travel alone, go alone. 
DoEKOB-DoxxoE jt^yzi^Jhy^^n, A lottery 
wheel used hy persons who sell candy in the 
streets. 
DoKKOI*^* 5> a >f Exclamation used in lifting or 

making exertion. 
DoKKTo I? ^ ^ 3 (S ^ (hitori oru) Living 

alone : — sum, to live alone. 
DoncTo ji^ ^ ^-^f; 9 M i-q- dohu-kyo. 
DoKo )? t^ zs jf{ ^ n. A copper boiler. 
DoKo h* 3 <*J jdt adv. Where : — no hito da, 
where is he from ? what country is he of ? kojio 
hon wa — de dekinuuhita, where was this hook 
made ? — ye yuku, where are you going ? — 
made mo, to every place ; to what place soever ; 
— kara, from whence? — ni nio, every where; 
with a neg. verb, nowhere; — ni ite vw, 
wherever he is ; — no kuni, what country ? — 
no hito, what person? uehi wa — da, where 
do you live? — ye mo yuku no wa iya da, I 
won't go any where; — demo yoi, any place 
will do ; hiwa — demo ataru, the sun shines 
everywhere; — to ni aru de aro, I think they 
are in some place ; — to mo nashi ni yuku, to 
go, not knowing where ; — ka ni or dokka ni\ 
some where, some place or another. 
Syn. izuxTT, dochiba. 
Doxa }^ ^ ft p lf\tf {onc^iku yuku). Going 
together : — turu, to accompany, to go to- 
ffether w 
DoKd tr'^ztt^ 01 ?L {hiUmU) n. (med.) The 

pupil of the eye. 
DoKujiH 1^31^5?*' i-^ttn. The god of 

the groond. 
0OKOKU K* ^ =1 ^ ^ B {onaji kuni) n. Same 
country : — jin, a person of the same country ; 
oompairiot. 
Dorv ^ P i^ Poison : — ni ataru, to be poi- 
soned ; <^ wo ke§u, to oonnteract poison ; — na^ 



poisonous, hurtful ; — wo kurawaha sara madt 
nebure (prov.); doktt-ja ^ ^t a venomous 
snake ; doku-gyo ^ %, poisonous fish ; doku- 
mushi ^ g, poisonous insect ; doku-thu ^ yg, 
poisonous liquor ; doku-yaku $ f|, poisonous 
medicine ; doku-ya i^ ^, poisoned arrow. 

DoKU 1^ ^ $9 Alone; by one's self: single; soli- 
tary (only used in compounds). 

DoKUBA f ^ ^< ^ ^ n» The poisonous tooth 
of a snake ; a fang. 

DoKUDAHi 1^ ^ ^ \ ^ °* ^^i^d of plant, the 
• Houttuynia cordata. 

DoKTTDAN )^ ^ ^ V IB Hf- (kitori-tadame), Decid< 
ing a matter one's self, or alone, without 
conferring with others. 

DoKiTDATB 1^ ^ ^T # |g n. Abstaining from 
hurtful food ; regulating the diet : — wo suru, 
to diet, to abstain from hurtful food. 

DoKunoKu b* ^ 1? ^ adv. The sound of water 
flowing from a bottle ; gurgling : mizu ga tokuri 
kara — to deru, water flows from a bottle with 
a gurgling noise. 

DOKUDOKUSHII.-KU ^ P ^ ^ l^ ^ # 4^ SL sdj. 

Poisonous ; hurtful ; injurious. 
DOKUGAI ^ if iS J{ ^ ¥ — '^'*"> ^ ^^ '^^^ 

poison ; to poison. 
DoEUOAKU ^9-^9 S9 *¥ (^<<ort manahu) 

Studying or learning by one's self ; self-taught. 
DoKuaiN V? ^ ^ V SS ^ {fdtori uiau) Singing 

alone or by one's self ; humming. 
DoKu-nn i? ^ >f ^ ^ i^ Avoiding hurtful food ; 

dieting. 

Syn. DOEUDATE. 

DoEUJu 1^ ^ s^ A 91$ Beading the Buddhist 

sacred books. 
DoeuetQ ^ 9 ^ *i if 91 im (*yo wo yomu) 

Beciting the Buddhist sacred books. 
DoEXTUi 1^ 9 I $ 5i)t u. Tasting to prove 

whether a thing is poi^nous or not. 
DoEUBAEU 1^ 9 J 9 IB ^ {hitori tanoshimu) 

Happy by one's self. 
DoEUBo l^^n flEU {atama bone) The skull 

(of a dead person). 

Syn. BHABIE5BB. 

DoeubyO b* ^ 9 7 iBiL (hitori tachi) Stand- 
ing alone ; independent ; free from the control 
of another : shd-koku da kara — wa dekinu, 
it is too small a country to become inde- 
pendent. 

DoEUSAi )? ^ "9* >f SJ ^ {hitori sabaki) n. 
Absolute rule. 

DoEusATsu }? 9'fy $ ft ^* Killing with 
poison ; poisoning : — suru, to poison. 

DoEUSHAEU h* ^ S^ "V ^ SS ^ {hitori kumi) 
Drinking wine alone, or pouring out wine for 
one's self. 

DoEusHU 1? ^ S^ V S} # (^ttort mt) Single 
person ; unmarried ; living alone ; celibacy. 

DoEusHo jl^ 9 i/^ 0t fr {^<^^ ^^ yomu) Bead- 
ing books : — ram, to read books. 

DosuTOEB 1? ^ 3 ^ ^.f^ n. Dieting or ah- 
staining from hurtful foud. 

DoEuzA l^ ^ 1^ IB ^ {hitori snwaru) Sitting 
aloue. 

D5EWA 1? tf p V m ijp n. Copper coin. 



DOK 



78 



DOR 



DdKTO 1? ^ ^ 3 1^ ^ Living together in the 

Bame honse ; boarding together. 
DdKYO 1? ^ ^ -Y ^ ^ ^ {onaji sato) Native of 

the same place : — no hito. 
DoKYo h* ^ 3 ^ n. Courage, spirit : — ga yoi, 

bold, coarageoas ; — ga suwatte oru, cool and 

courageous. 
Doha )? -r ^ fU] n. The small nnfloored court 

at the entrance of Japanese houses ; the pit in 

a theatre. 
DovAKi b* ^ ^ ^ IB ^ x^* A long wallet (tied 

around the body) for carrying money. 
DoMBUBi h*vy9 D- A porcelain bowl; the 

sound of a body falling or plunging into water. 
DoaiBUTsn h^s^y? ^^ n. A blockhead; a 

dunce. 
Domex b* ^ j* >f I^ 9 (onajiku ehikau). Al- 
liance, confederacy ; — <urti, to form an 

alliance, or confederacy ; — Aoftu, confederate 

government. 
DoHiM I? ^ V ^ ^ n. A farmer. 
DoMMETSTT b* V > J' ^ jR {nomi horohosn) — 

surUf to seize or take violent possession of. 
DoHO 1? -% 9 A plural ending : toataktuhi-domot 

we; onna-domo, the women; tntuume-domOf 

the girls ; omae-domOf you ; fmhigi no koto — , 

many wonderful things. 

Syn RA, TACHI. 

DoMo I? * ^ Subjunctive suffix to verbs, though, 
although but : miredomo miezu kikedomo 
kikoezut they look at but do not see, listen 
but do not hear ; ame waftiru keredomo mairi' 
mashita he went although it rained. 

D5mo 1? ^ ^ (comp. of do, how, and mo, evtfn) 
adv. or interj. expressing admiration, difficulty, 
doubt, quandary: — viyo da, how wonder- 
ful ! — ahiyo ga nai, there is no help for it, 
(do as I may) ; — mienaif I can't see it (do as 
I may). « 

D6m6 b* Tjr * t^ g U n. Children, the young. 

DoMORi b* « 9 wfc n. Stutterer, stammerer. 

BoHOBi b* t^ % 9 n* The watchman of a tera. 

DoMOBi,-Bn I? * /i- Bfc i.v. To stutter ; to 
stammer : ano hito wa kuchi ga — , that man 
stutters. 

DoHPEi |?v^>f ^fjl (atra«« nomu) — «<n<, 
to annex, encroach on; to nhsorb, as an 
adjoining country. 

DoMTAKu b* T5r ^ "V ^ tbWT^' Artery : — ryu, 
aneurism. 

D6my6 I? i> ^ i> IS] ^ n. Having the same 
family name. 
Syn. jDOSEi. 

DSmtoji b*i5r53^f?n. A kind of food made 
of rice steamed and dried. 

Don h* V ^ (nibui) Dull; blunt; stupid : don-to 
^77, a dull knife; don-na hitOj a stupid person. 

Don I? V JK (cont. from dono) A common title 
of address to servants, or inferiors, as Kite don, 
Mr. Kiu ; Kame don, Mr. Eame. 

Don ABE b*-^^^^n. An earthen pot. 

DoNAN b* ^ ■^ V g ^ n. A boy, young man. 

DoNARi,-Bu ^*•^*' i.v. (coll.) To speak and cry 
out with a loud voice, vociferate ; to speak 
angrily : donari maxcaru, to go about talking 



in a loud voice (as one scolding); sonna nt 
donarazu tomo yoi, you need not speak so 
angrily. 

DoNATA |f •^ ir M tft pron. (coll.) Who; whom: 
kore loa — no hon de gozarima^u, whose book 
is this ? donata-demo kite kudasare, please one 
of you come here (in speaking to several per- 
sons at once) ; — de gozarimasu, who is there? 
who is it? who are you? 
Syn. DABE. 

DoNCHAN t? 5^ f* -Y V n. Confused sound ; a 
noise of disorder, or tumult. 

Syn. AWATEBU, SAWAOU. 

DoNDON / V I? V $1 ^ adv. The sound of 
beating a drum, or rolling of a wagon, of a 
person running: toata wo Yokohama ni — 
Jiakobu, cotton is brought to Yokohama in 
frequent and large quantities ; hito ga — ka- 
kette kuru; tai-ko — to hibiki wataru. 

DoNOAUB I? V j» ^ lAlt ^' (coll.) A large 
kind of tortoise. 

DoMouBi 1? 5^ j^ 9 n. An acorn. 

DoNEAKU l^v^^^-pln. An obtuse angle. 

Donna I? v •^ (contr. of dono yo na) What 
kind? how? — mono de gozarimasu, what 
kind of thing is it? — ni bimbd daro, how 
poor he must be ! — ni katai koto de atte mo, 
however difficult a matter it may be. 

Dono )^ ? f^ (same as tono) n. A title, same 
as iama, used in bonds and documents, also 
in speaking to inferiors. 

Dono |? ^ (coll.) Which? what? how? — hito, 
which person? — kuni, which country? — 
yd ni, in what way? dono-kurai, how much? 
dono yd ni yokn arote mofujd ni gozaru, how 
well soever you may wash it, it is still dirty. 
Syn. izuBE NO, xkanabu. 

DoNSAi ipy^-f^ tt"^ n- Stupid; dull-witt«d; 
doltish : — na hito, a stupid fellow. 

DoNsu 1^ ^ :^ JiSS ^ n. A kind of silk fabric of 
which belts are made ; damask ; ke — , woollen 
damask. 

DoNTAKu ^i^St9 (a word derived from the 
Dutch) n. Sunday ; a holiday. 

DoNTEN b* V T i^ 4 ^ n. Cloudy; gloomy 
weather. 

DoNTo ]?i^r:3^^n. A girl, young woman. 

Syn. ME NO WABAWA. 

DoNZEi b* V -1/ -f ^ ij} {kniai wo turu), — zuru, 

to kill by biting; to destroy. 
DoNzuMABx »? V !/ -r 9 (coll.) u. The end. 

upshot, conclusion, final issuQ: — ye itte 

komani darO. 
Do-on Hf i; ir >^ ^^ {onaji koe) n. One voice; 

same sound : — ni, with one voice. 
Doppo 1^ 9 :^ SS -$* To walk out alone; to take 

a walk alone ; to be alone in talent or ability ; 

above all others : ko-kon ni — sum no $ai ari. 
Dora b* ? ^ fi( n. A kind of gong suspended 

before idols and struck by worshippers to 

arouse the attention of the god * also used at 

funerals. 
DoBA b* 9 (coll. contr. of doraku) Dissolute; pro> 

fligate ; vicious; abandoned: — musuko; —' 

viusumes doranekot a cat given to stealing. 



DOR 

Wbiku b* tp 9 ^ Vi^ (coll.) Given to vice 
and dissipation; dissolute; yioions; profligate: 

— monot a dissolate person. 
Sjn. HOTO. 

D5BiN 1^ if ^ ^ 1^ lit n« Distarbanee ; com- 
motion aod oonfusion saeh as is caused in a 
coantry by war. 
Syn. s5do, bxtssS. 

D5BiN V* ^ 9 V j^ $17 A leather bag or wallet ; 
inapsack ; satchel ; cartridge box. 

D$Ri h* i> u A word used in answering one 
flalliDg at the door; i.q. dare. 

DoBE h* 1^ Which : — ga ti, which is the best, 
or which do you prefer ? — mo onajikoto, they 
are both alike; — demo yoroehii, either will 
do; kono hon no uehi — ni aru, in which of 
these books is it? — no hikidashi ni aru, in 
which drawer is it? — hodo, or — dake^ how 
moeh? 

Syn. DOCHIBA, IZUBE. 

Bobs ]?w exclam. — hai-kenitasomUe-naearet 
I would like to see it, show it to me. 

DoBEi V* w >f il^ ^ n. A laborer, coolie ; a 
slave. 

Vdu |ri>9 iig^ (micki) n. Reason; right 
principle; truth; principles; doctrines; cause 
or reason ; a natural rule or law : tenehi no 
— , the laws of nature; ehu-ko wa hito no 
okimau heki — , loyalty and obedience to par- 
ents are natural laws which men should obey ; 
-^ wo iomukUf to act contrary to what is 
right; d54u — de dekita mono ka s/tiVanu, 
I should like to know for what reason it was 
done. 

BoBo 1? n ^ n. Mud: — no umi^ a sea of 
mnd; — konerut to mix mortar i — no naka 
no hachisut the lotus growing in the mud 
(proT.); — 710 yd ni yota^ dxnnk as mud 
(dead drunk); doro-mabure, smeared with 
mud; — mtzu, muddy water; prostitution; 

— tnitu ni thitumut to become a prostitute. 
DoBo T? t; vt Si^ n, A way, road, highway. 

Syn. mcHi. 
BoBOBo b* n Iff ^ S^ n. A thief, robber 

Syn. KT78UBITO. 

DoBo-DOBo 1? n I? n /R /JJt adr. (coll.) Rum- 
bling sound, as of distant thunder, or cannon, 
or of persons walking: 5xut$u no oto ga — 
to hibikut the rumbling sound of (distant) 
cannon. 

BoBo-KONE F o a :9:. n. Mixing or working 
mortar. 

BoBOTA jf p if n. Very wet rice-flelds. 

BoBOTOKE I? n 3 ^ n. A splasher, or guard to 
keep off mud. 

BOBUEARD if^^A-] ^^^'^ "* 

BoBui ^i^A-f^ ^^ n. Same kind; same 
class or sort ; an accomplice, confederate : — 
ai-aUumaru, people associate with those of 
their own kind. 

BoBTo >* 9 Y^ -S4 n. Talent; ability; ca- 
pacity ; measure. 

Bobt6 »«• 9 3 ^ i ft n. A mole. 
Syn. MUOUBAUooHi. 



79 



DOS 



Dollar. 



DdBT5 h* ^ i^ ^ ^ tK n. A colleague, fellow 
officer. 

BoBTozu 1? 9 3 ^ ^ '/j (Uutomeru) — iuru, 
to exert one's self; to use every effort. 

I)5sA 1^ 1^^ -9* ti^ "/> n- A stuff made of glue 
and alum, for glazing paper: — wo hiku, to 
glaze paper. 

Dosi-DOBA. 1^-9* 1? "9* adv. (coll.) In a tumultuous 
and hurried manner : — to kuru. 

DSsAxn I? t^ -9* ^ ^ f^ n. Made by the same 
person ; same maker. 

DosAsusA. i?'9*^-9* adv. (coll.) Confusion; tu- 
mult ; turmoil : — magire ni mono wo torn, 
taking advantage of the confusion to steal. 

BosAN l^ ^ 1^ V t&S n. (leg.) Personal or 
movable property: fu — , real estate, or 
immovable property. 

DosATsu 1? ^ If 7 ^ S^ (satoru) — iuru, to 
understand clearly the circumstances : viinjd 
wo — shite kane wo tamaut knowing the con- 
dition of the people he gave them money. 

D5sEi i?i>-te>f 1^ i^ n. Same family name; 
consanguinity; blood relation: — metorazUf 
blood relations should not marry. 

DosEi 1? -b >f i. B. n. The planet Saturn. 

DosEi 1^ i> -tt >f pj%$ (yosu) lit. moving or 
rest,=the condition, or movements as of a 
hostile army. 

DdSBN )? 1^^ -te V ifitSi {o^kagane no ito) n. 
Copper wire. 

Dosha l^^ri^-VaS^^* -^ religionist, devo- 
tee; a pilgrim. 

Dosha i? i^-Y i. ^ n. A powder which ap- 
plied to the body of a dead person is said to 
relax its rigidity. 

DdsHASEi v*^^-Vie'f fA^lftn* Ammonia. 

D5SHZ 1^ if l^ tkt^ {hataraki kotoba) n. (gram.) 
A verb ; also called yogen, or kwatsu-yogen. 

DosHi )^ lit ^^ ^ (impure tdshif used only in 
compounds) Constantly ; continually ; without 
ceasing : yomi-ddshif constantly reading ; yo« 
ddshif the whole night; kami wa mamori' 
dfjthi nari, the gods are constantly guarding us. 

DosHi l^ ^ v' IS] -jr Amongst themselves ; with 
each other; together; in company: onna-doshi 
tera ni maint^ women go together to the tem- 
ples; tomo-dachi doski take wo nomuy the 
friends drink wine together. 

Syn. NAKAMA, DOGHI. 

DosHi i^ if i^ 92 ^ 1^ ^1^0 pupil 6l the eye. 
Syn. HiTOMi, DOKd. 

DosHi }?if l^ ^^ n. The leading priest in 
saying mass, or any religious ceremony. 

DoBHi ^ if ^i^% {onaji kokorozaihi) n. Like- 
minded ; having the same pursuit or object. 

DosHMKUBA 1? if i^ ^ ^ -f n. A civil war; 
fighting amongst themselves; internecine 
strife. 

DosHiN 1? ^ 5^ 5^ Ip] /^ {onaji kokoro) n. The 
same mind ; like-minded : also, a constable or 
policeman. 

DosHiN )? Tjr 5^ V a2 '^ A novice, or one re- 
cently entered into the Bud. priesthood; a 
priest; a heart occupied with religion: — 
tuuki hito. 



1/OS 



Bo 



DOZ 



BosHiucBi \? v'iff' n. Same as doshi-ikitsa. 
D5SH0SU 1^ i> s^ 9 ^ ^ A (onajt t<titome). In 

the same office or employment ; colleagues. 
DobhoshO b*i>s?lr^i^T5r (^XM ». The 

ministers of the Mikado who are pri-nleged to 

enter the palace=A;u^tf. 
DdsHUKTi, or BosHiKU \* t^ i^ a. ^ l^iKgn. 

Stopping or lodging together at the same iuu : 

— »Mri«, to lodge together. 

D6s6 1? Tjr y ^ 1^ !S (onc^i mado) n. Fellow- 
students; alumni of the same school : — kmai, 

Doso )? y ^ i. i^ {tsuchi ni hi^mtmi) n. BuBy- 
ing in the ground; inhumation. 

Dosoxu i^ y ^ X ^ n. Dirty or muddy feet : 

— no mama de uchi ye hairu, to enter a house 
with muddy feet. 

DossARi b* 5^ 1^ 9 ) adv. Much ; very many ; 
DosBHiBi iP y i>^ ^ } plenty ; abundant : koko ni 

ishi ga — arUt the stones are thick here. 
Syn. TAKUSAN. 
Dossu 1^ y -x, n. Leprosy. 

Syn. RAiBYO. 
DosO i^-x.^ ^ IJIc n. The degree, as of heat, 

or latitude ; the number. 
Dosu-AKAi 1^ 7f,ffj ^ adj. A dirty red; too deep 

a red, or exceeding what is proper. . . 
Dosu-GOB ip-x, zf^ A fierce, excited/ harsh 

voice. 
DosuGURoi )? :^ / p >f adj. Of a dirty or too 

deep a black. 
Dote i^ T ^ &• A mound, or bank of earth ; 

a dyke, embankment : — wo kizuku, to throw 

up a dyke ; — wo kiru^ to open a dyke. 

Syn. TBUTSTJMI. 

DoTERA 1^ 7^ 9 n. A long wadded coat worn 

in winter. 
DoTd 1? i> 1* )> ^ ^ {onaji kurai) n. Same 

rank, class, or grade ; coequal. 
D6T0KU ^ i; h ^ SaH^^ Morality: — yakut 

moral science. 
DoTTo iP y h adv. Sudden burst of noisiB from 

many persons ; as : — warau^ to burst out 

laughing; — homerut burst out in praise; — 

yobUy all cried out at once. 
D5wA 1^ t^V ^t^ {miehi no hanathi) n. Be- 

ligiou^ or moral discourses : — wo ehd-mon 

•tiru, to listen to religious discourses. 

Syn. SHINGAKU-BANASHI. 

D6-WASURB 1? !> !7 5^ u j^j ,>fe» n. Suddenly for- 
getting ; not able to recall what one knows 
well : — wo shite omoi-datenu. 

DoTA<i>oTA ^ -Y ^♦ -Y adv. TIjb sound of the 
feet of many persona walking : — kuru. 



D6TAKT7 ^tf-^P ^ t2 (onaji Uutome) n. SanM 
office, same public service ; oolleagae. 
Syn. no- KIN. 

DoYASHi,-BU )? -V :^ t.v. (coU.) To strike, hit, 
smite. 
Syn. BUTSXT. 

DoTO b* )^ jc T> C& JS (^goku) n. Motion ; agita- 
tion; excitement: — irurti, to move; to be 
ahaken ; to be agitated, disturbed. 

DoYo 1? 3 ^ ^% n. A period of some 20 
days in each of the four seasons, especiallj 
of greatest heat in summer. 

DoYo 1? T> 3 ^ ^ fit Same way; same manner; 
alike; same. 
Syn. ONAJiKOTO. 

DoYOBi l^.ati>tifl?BIn. Saturday. 

DoYOBOBHi ]? 9 i> 4^ s^ n. Drying things likelj 
to mildew in the doyo period of summer. 

DoYOKU !? ^ 3 ^ M9^ Greedy; covetous; avari- 
cious : ammari — na monot a very covetoua 
person. 

Syn. MUSASORU, toeubaru, tonyoku. 

DoYOHEKi,-xn ) 1^ 3 J* ^ i.v. To make a noise, 

DoYOMi.-MU ) or a loud sound ; to reverberate, 
resound : yama no doyomu shika no koe^ the 
cry of a stag reverberating among the moun- 
tains. 

Syn. HIBIKU, TODOROKU. 

D5ZAI 1? ^ -9^ >r ^ ^ [onaji Uumi) n. The 
same crime or offence; same punishment. 

DozASMON 1? f'jc % V n. The name of a man 
who was celebrated for giving a decent burial 
to the bodies of drowned persons ; hence the 
name came to be used for a drowned person. 

Syn. DEKISHININ. 

DozBi 1? ^ -tt >f ^ ^ n. The crowd or com- 
pany; a. retinue. 

Dozen i^^.-tev 1^ ^ {mae ni onaji) Same as 
before; alike; ditto. 
Syn. noDAN. 

Dozo V -9^ ^ :L itt n. A mud fire-proof building; 
a storehouse, godown. 
Syn. KURA. 

Dozo b* i> y adv. (coll.) Of intreating, beseech- 
ing or supplicating ; please, I pray that : — 
kashite kudasare^ please lend me ; — sothiU 
kudasaremaitet I intreat you to do so. 

Syn. DOKA, NANITOZO. 

DdzoKU 1^ ^ y ^ aJt f^ n. Priest and people; 

clergy and laity. 
DozoKu 1^ ^ / ^ 1^ :^ {on<yi yakara) n. Same 

family, or stock. 



81 



E. 



E 



IE JB, Eldest brother ; elder. 

IE 2 ^ n. The plaoeuta ; i.q. ena. 

4e js. H^ n. Affinity ; relation ; i.q. en, 

E jc ^ n. A handle : huwa no — , the handle 
of a hoe. 

E jc 1^ n. A pictnre, drawing : — wo kakut 
to draw a picture; — ni kaku, to picture, or 
draw a likeness of. 
Syn. owA, Ezu. 

E j& -^ n. A river ; an arm or inlet of the sea ; 
a sound, frith, ford : horiey a canal. 

IE ae. Used in comp. as, e-otokot a handsome 
man ; e-otome, a beautiful woman. 

IE jc ;^ n. i.q. eda. Branch of a tree, member 
of the body : ume ga «, branch of a plum-tree ; 
hoUu€, topmost branch. 

E je, iif n. The food of animals, birds or 
fishes ; a bait : tori ni e wo yani^ to feed the 
birds. 

E jc ^ n. The name of a tree: eno-ki^ the 
Celtis willdenowiana. 

E oi :^ n. The name of a plant, from the 
seeds of which oil is obtained. 

E z y^ (kegare) n. Defilement, pollution, or 
ceremonial nncleanness: — ni fureru^ to be 
defiled. 

E :& -^ {kwai) n. A meeting, assembly: 
nemhntsne ; hnsilioe. 

E -N ^ n. A fold, layer, ply, sheet, or thick- 
ness : hito «, a single thickness, fold, or layer ; 
futa «, double thickness ; iku e, how many 
folds? 
E j& coll. exclnm. of interrogation, or doubt : 
90 ka e, is it so? or indeed? thitte iru ka e, 
do you know ? 
£, or Es A Ezclam. of grief, repentance, 

anger, dislike, etc. : — kuyashii. 
£,-BU jc lu {1^ t.Y. To get, obtain ; to receive : 
can, able: ri wo — , to get profit; iaiwai wo 
— , to be fortunate ; miru koto wo — , to get to 
see. or can see; shiru koto wo etUf could not 
find ont or obtain the knowledge of ; me atte 
miru koto wo eru, having eyes we are able to 
see ; nan to mo e iwazu^ could not say hny- 
thing ; ihi-tai mama mo e sezu^ could not do 
as one would like to ; e idezu^ could not go 
out. 

Syn. URU, MOTOMERU. 

Eba x.,^ f^ u. The food of animals, birds or 
fisheu; baife: nikuki mono ni eba wo atae yo 
(prov.). 

£BA3n,-M0 A ^^ M ^ t.v. To eat, or feed 
11 



EBU 

(used only of animals, birds or fishes) : tori gm 

ebande iru, the burds are feeding. 
Syn. TsuiBAMU. 
Ebi j£. If fig n. A shrimp, prawn : — de tai 

wo tsunt (proY.). 
|Ebi jub* W^ ^' ^^^ grape: — zuru, a wild 

grape-vine. 
Syn. bud6. 
Ebi,-ru ja If A' i.v. To . burst open, as ripe 

fruit : kuri ga ebita. 

Syn. HAZERD. 

Ebi-ashi x.\£7 l^ n. Club-foot ; also called 

kama-ashi. 
Ebi-goshi je^\£ zf i^ n. Bent in the back like a 

lobster. 
|Ebi-iro jc b* >f n n. Grape-color; reddish 

brown. 
Ebijo je.\i i^-y tf ^, $ifu. A kind of padlock 

shaped like a fish. 
Ebi-kazura jc,\£fj*/^ n. A kind of wild 

grape. 
Ebira ^}£ ^ JSt^ n. Am at made of bamboo 

on which silkworms are fed. 
Ebira jc tf 7 ^ |jf n. A kind of quiver. 

Syn. yanaodi. 
Ebisu je,}£-^ ^ n. A barbarian, savage. 
Ebisu Jt If :^ ^ ^ n. The god of wealth, and 

guardian of markets. 
Ebisu-oaui je'\^y(,if I n. A leaf of a book, 

which, in binding, by being folded, has es- 
caped being trimmed by the bookbinder. 
Ebisu-gokoro Ji If X =f 3 n n. Savage ; cruel ; 

barbarous. 

EBisuKd jftlf<*i> n. A festival celebrated 

in honor of the god of wealth. 
Ebisumb jc If X ^ n. A kind of edible sea- 
weed; i.q. kombu, 
EBisUMBKi,-Ka j£ If X > ^ I.V. To bc barbaroui, 

savage. 
Ebi-warb,-ru ^ \£ ); x^ a^ i.x. To be burst of 

split open, as ripe fruit. 
Ebo ji iJ? i.q. ibo. 
Eboshi 31 ijf S/* ,lfe tW ^ n. A kind of crep 

worn on the crown of the head by nobles, also 

by Manzai and Kannushi, 
E^UK^JR0 Ji y ^ n tJ[ & t^' The crop, or craw 

of fowls ; the first stomach of some animals. 
Eburi .x, ■/ 9 |A u. An instrument like a 

scraper used by farmers for breaking hard 

clods and leveliug the ground. 



EDA 



EIJ 



Eda j&^ ^ n. A branoh, bongh, or limb of a 
tree ; a limb or member of the body ; a branch 
of a river, of a family, or of a sect, used as 
a numeral in counting bows : hanashi no tochu 
m — ga iakUt to branch off to another sub- 
ject ; yumi hito — , one bow. 

Edaburi 31 ^y 9 n- Putting forth branches 
(of a tree): — ga ii; — ga warui, 

fEDACHi jftyf* n. GoTemment or public 
service. 

Syn. KWAYAKU. 

fEDAGAui js^^fifi n. A small or branch Shinto 

temple. 
Eda-oawa ^^if?\ ^ }^ n. A branch of 

a stream or river. 
Edaha je.^j\ HAH^ ^' Branches and leaves ; 

subdivision, or branches of a sect. 
EDAmcHi 2^ ^ f- ^ sS ^* A branch road. 
Eda-otobi js.^-jt h 9 n. Inferior to other 

branches or to the main stem of a tree (used 

met. of a branch of a family). 
Edashdia ^^i^v n. A peninsula. 
Eda-wakarb ae.^y;ij\^ n. Branches of a tree 

or family, or branches separated and scattered. 
Edazashi oi ft^ i^ n. Putting forth branches 

(of a tree) ; i.q. edaburi: — ga ii; — ga toarui. 
Edo at 1? IK i. (kegareta kuni) n This un- 
clean, or sinful world (Bud.). 

Syn. SHABASEEAX. 

Edori,-ru jt 1? A' ^ t.v. To paint ; to color : 
kao too — , to paint the face, as play-actors do. 
Syn. iRODORU, saishiki buru. 

Eb -acjc interj. See e. 

Efu j& 7 I^ ;^ n. A guard-house. 

Efu jt,7 n, A basket for keeping fish alive. 
Syn. iKEsn. 

Efu x.y ^^ n, A sign-board attached to 
the baggage of officials, or persons on public 
business ; a charm. 

tEFD ^7 n. (Pali) This world; i.q. embu: — 
no mi, a mortal, human being. 

E-FUDB ja 7 5? g U n. A drawing pencil, or 
paint brush. 

Efuri ji:.7 9 n. A tool used by farmers for 
leveling the ground. 

Egachi ^iff- — ni, in a pedantic or ostenta- 
tious manner : — mono itaku tu. 

Syn. XOEOROEaAO NI, IfONOSHIBIOAO NI. 

EoAHARA ^ifj^^n. A child*s belly-ache, or 

colic. 
EoAKi,-Ku sLif ^ ^ t.v. To draw, delineate ; 

to picture : hnna wo — , to draw a flower. 
Egao x.if-it^^jx. A laughing or smiling 

face. 
Syn. WABAi-oAo. 
Egatai,-ki-ku-shi x^ifSt^ |t# ftclj' Diffi- 
cult to obtain ; hard to get ; unable to get. 
Ego jc =f /£ ^ n. A dock for repairing ships. 
Ego-bgo at :f ji rf adv. (coll.) Walking in a 

waddling manner, as a goose : — shite aruku, 

to waddle. 
Eoomata Azf^ St n. (coll.) Bandy-legged. 
Egui,-ei-eu-shi 2 / i^ Qg( adj. Bitter and 

sour in taste ; rancid. 
Egubi,-bu jft / a* ^J t.v. To cut with a twist- 



ing motion ; to scoop ; to bore ; to gouge : ana 
too — , to scoop out a hole ; me no tama wo —, 
to gouge out the eye-ball. 

Egubi-wabuei,-ku-bhi oa jr* 9 V A^ l^ adj. Tor- 
tuous; winding; perverse. 

Egusa jc^'-t^ n. A tingling sensation in the 
throat. 

IEhi jh b n. Croup (?) ; also a kind of incense 
or fragrant gum. 

IEhimb 31 b ^ n. Elder sister. 
Syn. ANE. 

Ehira 31 b ? n. The frame on which silk- 
worms spin the cocoon=may»(2aRa. 

Eho afi.^N ^ ^ -^ n. The point of the compass 
correspondiug to the name of the year to- 
wards which it is supposed to be lucky to face 
in worshipping ; as : u no tothi corresponds to 
u no hOf or the east. 

Ehon 2 7]«v t^^ n. A drawing book, ox 
picture book ; a book that has pictures in it. 

£i 31 b gf n. Intoxication ; drunkenness : fune 
no — , sea-sickness. 
Syn. Toi. 

Ei 31 >f 19 n. The strings of a cap. 

Ei,-Bu 31 7 gf t.v. To be drunk. 
Syn. Tou. 

Eibin 31 >f t* V M^ (satoki) — na, clever ; 
smart; intelligent. 

Eibun 31 >f 7* V ^ M n. The hearing of the 
Mikado : — ni tassuru. 

EiCHi 31 >f f» 4{ ^ n. Divine or superior in- 
telligence, such as the sages possess. 

EiDAN 3i>f^v li^mf- n. Excellent decision, 
or good judgment (of a superior). 

EiEi j£ >f 31 >f Exclam. i.q. eiya. 

EiBi 31 >f 31 >f ^^ (naga naga) adv. Forever; 
ever; perpetually; always. 

Syn. ITSUMADBMO, NAGAKU. 

EiEi-ooE j& >f 31 ^ =f 31 adv. Same as eigoe. 

Ei-FnsHi,-su 31 b 7 X Bf 1^ i-v. To be drank 
and lying down=:2/ot-/u«u. 

EiGo 31 >f =f ^ l§ n. The English language. 

EiGOB 31 >f ^^31 n. The cry or song of a num- 
ber of men exerting themselves together, as in 
pulling a rope, etc.: — idasu. 

EiGUBui,-o 31 b 5^ /i* 7 W ?i i'^« To be raving 
drunk; crazed with drink; to have the de- 
lirium tremens. 

EiGWA 31 >f / 7 ^ l# n. Splendor ; magnifi- 
cence ; luxury ; sumptuousness : — ni kurasu, 
to live sumptuously. 
Syn. OGORi. 

EiGYo 31 >f y i> ^$^^' Business ; occapation : 
— zeif tax on occupation. 

Eui, EizuBU 31 >f ^ ^ ^ t.v. To compose 
poetry ; to sing : uta too — . 

Syn. UTAU, GINZUBU. 

Ewi, EizuBU 31 >f 5^ ^ ^ {utmru) i.v. To 
reflect, as a mirror ; to shine upon : yuhi mado 
ni — , the setting sun is reflected upon the 
window. 

Eui -31 >f 3^ 41 )^ n. An infant, babe. 
Syn. AXAGo. 

EiJiTsu 31 >f 5? :> ,% g {nagaki hij n. A long 
day. 



EU 



88 



EMA 



ExjO jfi. >f ^rs. i> ^ ^ {nagaku sumu) A long 

residence : — «tiru, to live long in a place. 
£xKA A^ -^ ^^ (yomi uta) n. A poem. 
EiSAKG x,^ :fj ^ ^-^ n. Acute angle. 
EzKAH jof j(r V t( ^ i^* ^^^ admiration of 

theMikftdo: — aBakarazu. 
Edcei j£v^>f ^-Jl^ n. Distant landscape; 

the perspective ; background of a picture. 
Em 31 >f 41 iS.^ Q* Ardent spirit ; ardor ; 

eagerness , ooarage : teki no — wo kvjiku. 
EiKo at>f^!7i5r SS^Ji- Glory ; splendor. 

SjD. SAKAE, EIYO. 

EzKO ^^ ^ ^ih {fahaeru karent) Flourishing 

and decaying ; blooming and withering ; rise 

and fall. 
E1KOKX7 jc^ zj ^ ^ n. England. 
EiSTO jc .f 4& 3 M& {michi kake) Waxing 

and waning ; increase and decrease ; ebb and 

flow ; tsuki no — . 
EietO o: >f i^i i> fi<^ (nagaku hisashi) Long ; 

lasting; enduring; everlasting: — 710 majiwari, 

long intimacy. 
EixEi j& >f > >f 1^ ^ {suguretani na) n. An 

illustrious name ; fame ; celebrity. 
ExBAN 31 >f 5 ^^ #c V ^* ^^® eyeBf notice, or 

seeing of the Mikado. 
EiBTo jof 9 3 t( ^ ^' ^^^ mind, opinion, 

or thought of the Mikado. 
EiSAi 3i>f if >f ;g ;j- {kathikoki) n. Cleverness; 

smartness ; ability. 
EiaAME,-Bn x.Jf-fjtA' gjs Ig i.v. To recover 

from intoidcation ; become sober. 
EiBXi 31 >f -it >f ^ ^ (kagirinaki inoehi) n. 

Eternal life. 
ExsEi 31 -f -fe -f ?B 4 Hygiene : — «ttrM, to pre- 
serve health ; — kyoku, the Board of Health. 
£i8HiBE,-BU 2 >r >^ u ^u SJE ^ i.v. To bccome 

foolish or silly from intoxication. 
EiTAi 31 -f if >f ^ -f^ {nagaki yo) Long ages ; 

forever; alwajrs. 

Syn. EISI, BANDAI. 
£lTAOBE,-Bn X.^ Sly \yA. gf^J I.V. To fall 

down from intoxication. 

Em 31 >f -v Exclam. used by a number of per- 
sons iu exerting their strength all together. 

EzYXM 31 >f 31 V tK 3$ (nagaihi) Eternal ; ever- 
lasting : — ni mcuhi-maau; — ni oru; — no 
saiioai, 

Erro 31 >f 31 :? ^tSt i'a^ae kagayaki) Glory ; 
magnificence ; splendor ; pomp ; luxury : nin- 
gen no — wa fu sen no chiri^ human glory is 
Uke the dust before the wind ; — put, luxuri- 
ous eating. Syn. eigwa, ooobi. 

EiyO 3i>f3i)>|i^i[gn. A hero; an eminent 
and illustrious man. 
Syn. icAsuRAo. 

EizENYAKU Jii^f-tfvir^ ^JKiJn. An 
architect. 

Ezzosu 31 ^ y ^ f\l^iSk {f^g<i^it tsuzuku) — 
Slim, to continue or last a long time. 

EizxjBU 31 >f 5? A. ^ or ^. See eiji. 

Eji jb. 3? ^ ^ n. A servant in the Mikado's 
palace. 

Ejikabi,-bi7 jc^-fj fi^ i.v. To walk with the 
legs wide apart ; to straddle : ^ikari-aruku. 



Ejiki 31 3^ 41 iff 'fe n- The food of birds, fishea^ 
or animals. 
Syn. B, EBA. 
Ejipdto 31 s^ :^ >. ig ^ n. Egypt. 
Ekasi -31 j(r ^ ^ ^ n. A painter, sketcher, d 

drawer of pictures. 
Ekaue 31 j(r ^ n. A large sea-turtle. 
Eei ^ ^ ^ n. The art of divining by means 
of diagrams, sticks, etc.: — wo mirut to divine. 
Syn. URANAi. 
Eki 31 4% p n. A post-station. 

Syn. SHUKU. 
Eki 31^ ^ n. A pestilence; contagion; epi- 
demic : — kit pestilential influences ; — byo, 

Syn. TAKUBTO. 

Eei 3141 ^ n. A campaign; the time of a 
war : — «t<ru, to employ as a servant; to sub 
ject ; chdsen no — ni, in the war with Gorea. 
Syn. lEusA. 

Eei 31 ^ ^ d. Profit; advantage; benefit 

— vio naif unprofitable. 
Syn. EAi. 

Ekiba 31 41 w j^ ,^ n. A post-horse, or horsei 
kept at a post-station for public use. 

Syn. BHUKUBA. 

Ekibto ^^if-Y^^^n. An epidemic ; pes- 
tilence. 

Ekibei 3iftiv>f^^n. A pestilence, plague. 
Syn. ekibyo, eyami. 

Eeibo 31 4& n JI 3^ n. A post-road. 

Ekisha 3i4ks^-Y t%^'^« A minister ; ser- 
vant; officer. 

Eeitei 3i4&^>f|pf^n An inn or tea-house 
on a post-road. 

Syn. YADOYA, HATA6OYA. 

Eeitei ^^T>f Wfj^ t^- A Letter post. 
Eeitbi-eyoed Ai^f^^ri^ l^j]kJ^ u. Post* 

office department: — ninka, entered at the 

P.O. 
Eeeen jcy ^ y %H J^ {mamieni) n. Audience, 

interview or meeting with the Emperor or 

persons of high rank : — auru, 
Ekki 31 5> 41 tK S- Ji' Joy ; delight. 

Syn. YOBOKOBi. 
Eeo 31 :3 ^^ n. Partiality ; bias ; favoring 

one more than another ; — hiiki sum, to show 

partiality. 

Syn. HIIEI, EATAYOBU, HBUBA. 

E-e6 31 j5f ^ l^ tpJ Repeating prayers or saying 
mass for the dead, as Buddhist priests do ; 
praying for blessings upon others: — suriu 

fEEO 31 :3 n. Elder brother. 

Eeoji 31 3 3^ ftti ll n- Prejudice; bigotry. 

— iuru, to contradict, gainsay, call in qaes> 
tion ; — : ni katamaru^ to be bigoted. 

Eeobyo 31 ^ 1^ 9 g p n. Money paid to Ba4 

priests for saying prayers for the dead. 
fEEOso 31 3 y adv. Positively. 
Eeubo 3i^;)f f} n. A dimple in the cheek 

when laughing. 
Ema 31V ^,f^ n. The pictures (especially of 

a horse) hung up in Shinto temples as votive 

offerings. 
Emai,-au 31 V 7 ^ i.v. To smile ; to laugh. 
Syn. WABAU. 



EMA 



84 



ENI 



Ekakx-icono ji^ V ^ % ^ n. Piottires in rolls. 
Emban jcv/^v t^iSL^' Stereotype plates: 

— ni toru, to stereotype. 

EuBiFUEU -at^vif^^mlJ^UB* ^ swallow- 

tailed coat ; dress coat. 
EuBU or Embudai x.^-/ H j^ n. This world : 

— no ehiri (Bnd.). 

Embun ^5>^yv^^^n. A redundant or 
superfluous phrase. 

Emi a& ^ ^ n> A smile, laughter: — wo 
fukumut to smile; — no ttehi ni yaiba wo 
fukumu (prov.), to conceal a swora under a 
laugh. 
Syn, WARAi. 

Emi,-mu oi a ^ i.v. To laugh ; to smile. 
Syn. WABAu. 

Emi,-mu Jt A i.v. i.q. e6i, to be ripe. 

Emiourx oi I / 9 n. An opening chestnut 
burr. 

Euishi j& ^ ^ ^ Same as ebUu, 

Emiwabb,-ru Jt $ y u ju i.v. To split open, 
like a ripe fig or chestnut burr. 

Emma a v ^ coll. for ema, which see. 

Emma or Emma-o jc 5^^ Bl % ^ i^- ^^^ ^^^S 
of Hades, who judges the souls of the dead, 
and according to their conduct in this life 
punishes them : — no cho^ the judgment seat 
or court of Emma. 

Emman jc v<f i^ H iSS {madoka ni mitsiiru) 
Lit. round and full ; perfect ; complete ; defi- 
cient in nothing ; used by the Buddhists in 
speaking of Hotoke, who is said to be Mantoku 
em-man, complete in every virtue, all perfect. 

Emmon j& V ^ V itif^ T^' The head-quarters of 
a general. 

E-MO-iWAZU jc ^ -f ^N pf ^^"^ adj. Un- 
speakable ; inexpressive ; ineffable : — uttu- 
knshiki tokoro. a place of ineffable beauty. 

Emon Ji -t V ^ ^ n. TJie clothes or diess : 

— wo tauknrou. to adjust or smooth one*s 
dress. 

Emono ^^ j a^ n. Crame taken in hunting 
or fishing ; hunting or fishing tackle. 

Emobi ja'E >; ^ '^^ n. The leaking along the 
handle of an umbrella. 

Empei oij^^^ ^r^e- n. Auxiliary troops ; a 
reinforcement. 
Syn. EASJBi. 

Empen ae. i^ ^ ^ fSk]S ^' Relations; con- 
nections. 

Syn. sHiNRUi. 

Empitsu Jii V b* r^ ^ 1(E n. A lead-pencil. 

Empo ai5^y<^ }&'>$' [tot tokoro) n. A distant 
place : — kara kita, came from a distant place. 

Empun ji V y 5/ ^ ^ n. Carbonate of lead ; 
white lead. 

Emushiro .31 a s^ n n. A variegated mat. 

En, or Ybn ai v ^ n. (med.) Inflammation. 
Syn. KiKSHo. 

En Jt y' ^ (namari) n. Lead. 

En jc V Sg (tiuyiujaka) Charming; fascinating: 
engara, affected in manner, coquettish; enda- 
tsa, chaiming ; en ni mono-haji $hite^ unassum- 
ing, modest. 

En oi i^ g n. (chem.) A salt, alkali. I 



En, or Ybn ocl v !^ (iakanion) n. A. feast, 
entertainment. 

En or Yen 31 v B n. The Japanese dollar. 

En or Yen jb. s^ |K n. Behition ; affinity; 
connection ; secret cause, influence, or combi- 
nation of circumstances ; the ties, bonds in 
which man are held; fate: /^^/M no — , the 
relation of husband and wife ; — too mmvhu^ 
to form a connection ; mu-en no kite, a person 
who has no relations or friends ; — wo kiru, 
to sever a connection or relationship ; fuin m 
— de koko ni kite irui what strange concaten- 
ation of causes has brought you here? ftuhigi 
n(i — de fit'fu ni natta, became husband and 
wife by a strange providence; — ga araha 
mata aimaihOt it fate permit we will meet 
again ; — ni hikani, to be bound or con- 
strained by ties or obligations ; — lutki thuj5 
wa dothi-gatashi^iBnd.). 

En or Yen ^ s/' j;)^ n. A verandah ; porch ; 
balcony : ochi-yen, a low porch close to the 
ground ; ageyeut a porch which can be raised 
or let down. 

Ena Jt -^ 3fe n. The placenta. 

Enaranu [ Jft-^9 5( adj. Extraordinary; un- 

Enarazu j common ; indescribable : — nioi. 

EnchOdoku jc i^ -f- ^ ].* ^ <5«? + $ n. Lead- 
poisoning. 

Endan -ai V;^j^ ^|?» u. a consultation about 
or proposal of niarringo : — wo uiOshi-komu. 

Endo -ai V I* ^ ^ ^n. A kind of pea (Pisum^ 
sativum). 

End6i,-ki,-ku,-shi jc V I* iJ« b S^aJ adj. Late 
in forming a marriage relation (used only of a 
woman) : enddi onna, an old maid ; endOi 
mono, an article for which there is no demand. 

Enqawa ae.^^ifj\ ^ j^] n. A portico, verandah, 
porch, balcony. 

Enoeki jt V y iji ^ jj^J n. Theatrical perform- 
ance ; a play : — wo miru, 

Enoi jci^j^ ji, A model of the male member, 
made of paper or clay, and formerly sold in 
the streets at new year, and kept in prostitute 
houses to be worshiped: yengi-dana. 

Enoi oi v ^ IK ^ n. The historical record of 
the origin of a Miya or Tera, 

Enoi -at v ^j^ |R ^ n. Omen ; sign ; prognostic ; 
luck: — ga yoiy a good sign, lucky; — ga 
wand, a bad sign, uulucky ; — no wartu koto 
wo tu, to say something which will bring bad 
luck. Syn. zempyo. 

Enoi jc. v :^f 5$ IS ^' Commentary ; esposi- 
tion. 

Enoumi,-mu Jt 3^ jr* a )Si jag t.v. (coU.) To be 
betrothed, affianced ; to^be contracted in mar- 
riage. 

Enoumi aa. V / $ n. Marriage relation ; matri- 
mony : wo siiru, to contract a marriage.. 

+Eni Jizi n. i.q. enishi. 

IEni at .li n. i.q. ezu. Cannot ; impos*sible,= 
dekinn : ieba-eni, impossible to describe. 

En-in ^i^^y 5jj5| See ennin. 

Enishi juiz s^ ^ 11. The same as en; relation. 

Enishida ^^>^ m" ^ ^^(, n. A shrub of the* 
broom species. 



ENJ 



86 



ERA 



Ehja. 3& V 3?-y igiy^n, BelatioDS by marriage ; 
connections. 

Syn. SHINBUI, EN-BUI. 

Enjaku javs?^^ ift^n. The wagtail. 

Ekji, Enzuru jh 3/' sJ >!' ^ (uramu) To be 
displeased or ofEended with ; to complain. 

Enjx jc^'P ^}ji^ n, A redundant or super- 
fluous word. 

Enjih jh 3^3? 3^ IQ a n. An eunuch. 

EKJd ji5^0"Y^ ^Ji — sum, to be burnt, 
consumed (only of the Mikado's palace). 

Eheaku jcvjtr ^ Vo¥ i^tmri kawari) n. The 
history or successive cuanges; development: 
— wo Uufoabiraka ni $\iru. 

Emkei jc V >* ^ B ^ (niarui katachi) n. A 
circle. 

Ekken Ai^^ ^ }!$JL {t5mi) n. A distant 
view ; anything seen from a distance. 

Emki oi V ^ ^M {kagiri too nobasu) — stiru, 
to postpone to another time ; to adjoiirn. 

EInkin jcv^iv a^iSr. ('^^ chikai) Far and 
near. 

Enkibi oa V ^ 9 iSk^ °* Breaking off the 
conjugal relation ; divorce. 

Erko j£, i/' zj p ^ f^ n, A long-armed ape ; 
baboon. 
Syn. SABU. 

£kk5 av3i> j$:ff Going far away, or to a 
distant place : — iurtt. 

Ehkwan ■acv^yv^'^n An eunuch or 
chamberlain. 
Syn. oi-jiK. 

Exnztsu jc^^^^y ^fik n* Extreme heat of 
weather. 
Syn. sHOKi. 

Ennichi ^ i^ 12, i- fgt tl ti, A fixed day of the 
month, when the god is supposed to be especi- 
ally propitious to worshippers visiting his 
temple ; a fdte da;. 

Ensiik atv:=LV JJ^J u. Postponement; pro- 
crastination; adjournment; delay; tardiness; 
lateness; dilatory; slow: — sunt, to be late, 
alow ; to postpone, adjourn. 
Syn. xoBE. 

Ekoou Aj^f^l^n. Paints used in draw- 
ing ; also toilet articles : — zara, the cups in 
which paints are mixed. 

Ehoxi Jt ^ 4» See e. 

Ekokobo jc 7 3 n ^0; )^ n. A young dog ; a 
pup. 

Ekobi at y 9 56 fO ^' Glory ; honor. 

Enrai Jt i/ 9 >f 3jj[ ^ (toka kiiaru) Come from 
a distant place : — no chimbiitsu, 

Ekbi 31 V 9 Jfttk (itoi hanarent) Disgusted, 
as with the world, and separating one's self, 
(Bud.): — no kokoro wo okoBu, 

EsBO j& > n 2(} 2i^ [tdi michi) n. A long road, 
or joui-ney. 

Eintux :c ^ A. >f 3;dl^ n. Remote relations. 

Ekbto jc V 9 3 ok^. (^^^i omompakari) n. 
Thiukiug of and providing against future con- 
tingencies; provident; reserve ; self-restraint ; 
backwardness ; diffidence ; confinement to 
one's house as a punishment or in mourning ; 
hito — naki toki wa kanaratu kinyii ari. 



when a person does not look well to the 
future trouble is near ; — naku mosare yo, 
speak without restraint. 

Syn. TOJIN, HABASABI. 

Ensan Oft > i^ V ^ @$ n. Muriatic acid. 
Ensha Jii^ s^-y BS 5^ u. Au eunuch. 
Ensho ai s. i' 3 ^ JJ n. Hot weather ; the 
heat. 

Syn. AT8U8A. 

Ensh6 ^v-te^ 9j5ffi n. Gunpowder: —ire, 
a powder flask. 

Syn. EWA-TAKU. 

Emsho :£, ^^ i^ n tt't n, A love letter. 
Syn. cBiwA-BUMi. 

Enshoouba oi V -te i> ^* 9 n. A powder maga- 
zine. 

EnshO Jt V i/ ^ ^^ — #?trw, to drill ; ma- 
neuver (as troops). 

Entai je-i^^ 4 W a ^' A round or globular 
body ; a ball. 

Entan oi V ^ V ^ fl- n. Red lead. 

Enten at V f- V ^ ^ {attui aora) n. Hot 
weather r — ni mizu ga kareta. 

Ento 31 V ^ ^ at ^ (<^^ thima) Transportation 
or banishment to a penal island. 
Syn. BUZAZ, bhima-kaoashi. 

Ento ^s^Jtfy ^ *& n. Sugar of lead. 

Enu jcy^ :^0 neg. of e,-r«. 

Emtbm oi V jc V gj|[ ^ adv. In a hot or flaming 
manner: — to moe-agaru; — tarn. 

Enza a^^ j|§^ n. Involved in trouble 
through the crime of another. 

Enza jtvip Bj£ n, A round cushion for 
sitting on. 

Enzai 31 V iP >f ^^ (mxixUitsu no tsumi) 
Punishment inflicted on an innocent person, 
or a crime of which one is innocent : — wo 
komurtit to be punished for a crime which one 
has not committed. 

Enzetsd ^i^My ^^^n. Oration; lecture; 
address : — iUTu^ to tell ; to speak ; to address 
an audience ; to lecture : — ni oyabanu^ no 
need of speaking about ; — ktoai, a meeting 
to listen to a lecture or sermon. 

Enzuke,-bu at v :/ ^ /u iffi ^ t-v- To form 
a marriage alliance ; to give in marriage. 

Enzuki,-ku at V !/ ^ ^ ^ i.v. To be affianced 
or contracted in marriage ; in mercantile lan- 
guage, to meet with a buyer, or be in demand : 
vitmime wa mada enzukimaseut my daughter 
is not yet betrothed. 

Enzuki at v/ ^ ^ <r ^' Betrothment ; given 
- in marriage. 

Enzubu at V 5^ >u ^ i.v. To complain of ill- 
treatment ; to express pain,=uramit« mono wo 
iu, 

Enzubu Jt 3^ 5C ^^ <S ^^ exercise, perform, 
practice: bu wo — , to parade or exercise 
troops ; thibai wo — , to perform theatrical 
plays. 

f Eoji 31 !? f-' n. Father's elder brother, =c/)t- 
ehi no ani. 

Eppuku :£.yf if t^ i!^ {yorokobi shitagau) — 
surUf to render cheerful obedience. 

Eba 3t ^ fg n. The gills of a fish=-a^tto. 



ERA 



8G 



ETO 



erabUf to bo chosen ; can choose. 

Ebabi,-bu ^9'/ ^ t.v. Same as erami. 

Bbai.-ki.-ku at 9 >{ adj. Extraordinary; won- 
derfal; remarkable; very: >— hito da, a re- 
markable man ; — 5 ame gafutta^ a very great 
rain has fallen. 
Syn. osoBosHn, taibO. 

Bbaeu at 9 ^ adv. Very much ; exceedingly : 

— atsuit very hot. 

EiBAMABB,-BX7 ^^•ruA' ^ aS Same as era- 
bareru. 

fiiBAia.-icu -A 9 A 3|[ t.T. To choose, select, 
pick out ; to elect : yoi no wo — , select a good 
one ; yoki wo erande cuhiki wo tuteru, choose 
the good and reject the bad. 
Syn. YOBU, KBU. 

Ebahi •:£ 9 i ^ n. Choice ; selection ; elec- 
tion : - fii azukaru, to be chosen. 

BbAMI-DASHI,-SU at 9 l^Vt, aS ^ ^'^' ^^ P'^^ 

oat, select. 
Syn. TOBZDAsn. 

Bbami.tobi,-bu ai 9 1 f ^ ag % *•▼• To pick 
ont, select. 
Syn. tobi-tobu. 

Ebabb,-bu a 9 un^ %k ffi* pass, or pot. of eru, 
to be obtained ; can be obtained, or can ob- 
tain. 

Ebabxnu ai9v5? ^ift# neg. of erareru, 
cannot be obtained ; cannot obtain. 

Ebzkitib or Ebbei :tiu^T^ lEtSi °* Patch) 
Electricity: ereki-kikai, electrical machine; 

— no hibana, electric spark. 

EBi,*Bn atn^ ^ t.yt To choose, select, pick 
out ; to elect. 

Syn. TOBU, BBABT7. 

Ebx,-bu at A' ]^ t.y. To engrave, carve : ji wo 
ishi ni — , to engrave letters on stone. 

Syn. CHIRIBAHU, HOBU. 

Ebi jh 9 IK n. The collar of a coat ; a shirt 

collar. 
Ebi-ashi at 9 -f s^ n. The loose hairs on the 

back of the neck. 
Ebi-da8Hi,-su at 9 ^ X ff 4{ *•▼• To pick 

oat, choose, select ; to elect. 
Syn. TORiDAsu. 
Ebigb at 9 y n. The loose hairs on the back 

of the neck. 
Ebikazarx a 9 ^ -^ 9 n. A neck-tie. 
Eri-kubi at 9 ^ }£ 41 n. The nape of the 

neck : — iro tsnkamitf to take one by the neck. 
Ebikuri oc 9 ^ 9 adj. Winding; tortnous (as 

of a road) : — viichi, 
Bbi-maki at9^fti^tlJn. A tippet, maffler, 

scarf, or comforter worn around the neck ; 

cravat : — wo stmt. 
Erinttki.-ku at 9 5< ^ t.v. To choose, select. 
Ebi-wake,-ru ji 9 27 ^ n' ff ^ *•▼• To pick 

oat and separate, as the good from the bad. 
Ebo at n i> ^ 4t A painted candle, such as 

are placed on Bad. altars. 
Ebu at /u See «. 

Ebu at ji^ ^ or )^ 6ee eri, or e, 
Eba at -9- £]f ^, n. A bait, for catching fish. 
Syn. bba 



EsABANU ^-9* 9 5( adj. Cannot get rid of ; in- 
dispensable=jiart^a(a%t. 

E8ASE,-BU at -9* -tt JU ^^ CBUSt. of fTU, tO 

cause to get, or receive ; to let another have; 
to give, bestow. 

EsASHi atif 3^ j^ j^ n. A person who catches 
small birds with a pole armed with bird-lime. 

EsASHi-zAo af9-^f^7f^^n. A pole armed 
at the end with bird-lime for catching birds. 
Syn. MocHi-zAo. 

EsB at -tr adj. Bad; mean; vile; infamous; 
wicked; false; weak; unskilful: — mono, a 
vile fellow ; — tuhL, a weak ox ; — saiwmi^ 
prosperity unjustly obtained; — kataehi, 
false appearance. 
Syn. uso, tokoshima. 

EsaAKu at s^ -v ^ '^ IS n. Salutation ; a 
courteous excuse, or apology for a seeming 
rudeness, as in passing in front of another, 
or drinking before another : — sum, to salute; 
to make a formal apology ; enryo — mo ftal» 
without reserve or apology. 
Syn. SHiKiDAi. 

EsHi at s^ ^ ^ n. A painter or drawer oi 
pictures. 

EsHiBi 2 ^ ^ '^ ^ n. An assembly ; meeting 
(of Buddhists). 

lEsHiMo jc i^ ^ (e and shimo expletive) : — 
wasnrenfba, since I cannot forget. 

EssHi, EssuBu at !^ :;^ ^ ^ i.v. To visit a 
superior. 
Syn. MAinrcBu, tobubau. 

EsnoATA ac-x,-^ jf u. The likeness or figure of 
a person drawn or painted : — wo ogamu. 

Eta j& jr {A ^ n. A class of persons occupy- 
ing the lowest social position. They follow 
the occupation of leather-dressers or buriers 
of dead animals ; they are compelled to live 
separate from others and not allowed to enter 
the house, to sit or cook at the same fire with 
persons out of their own class. (This dis- 
tinction of caste has recently been abolished 
by the Imperial government.) 

Eta at St pret. of eni, have got ; have obtained : 
kiki-eta, have succeeded in hearing. 

Ete at ^ pp. of eru. 

Ete at^ #^ n- (coll.) That which one is 
most expert in doing ; skillful or versed in ; 
specialty : teppd ga — da, an adept in the nae 
of a gun ; nan-zo — ga aru fta, is there any- 
thing at which you are expert ; — katte too 
sunt, to do what one is best at or likes best, 
or is most convenient; — ni ho wo aguru 
(prov.), to give sails to dexterity. 
Syn. tokux. 

Ete,-bu at 7* >u ^ ^ (contr. of ete and am) 
i.v. (coll.) To be skilled or versed in ; to be 
an adept at, expert in, experienced in : eteta, 
koto da kara shiyasui, as it is a thing I havo 
experience in, it is easy to do. 

Eto jlSI -f; 16. fi — sMi-M, to give, bestow ; ^e 
— no fhina, something you gave me. 
Syn. CHODAi. 

Eto at ). tf7 -^ The ten stems used in naming 
years, days, etc. 



ETO 



87 



FUB 



Etod jr 1* ^ 11^ t|^ n. (coll.) Explanation ; 
illiutxation : — too iuru, to illnstrate or ex- 
plain. Syn. xuNDOKi. 

Etosu x.h ^ ^# — sitrUf to comprehend, 
understand. Syn. romi-komu, oatbn sxtbu. 

tExoai X f 9 ift ^ n* The same as eta, 

Eiso ja3» tg (yoroJkoM) n. Joy; cladness: 
tai — ni zot^i ioro, shall be greatly delighted. 

Etsubo a 7 4f ^ fi n* Laughter ; amnse- 
ment, used only in the phrase : — ni tru, to 
laugh, be amused. 

tEisoBi A 7 9 n. The rafter (of a roof) ; ribs 
of an umbrella ; lathes of a plastered wall. 

iSuiun je. ^ •< s? Cannot get=urtt koto wo <;t. 

Etami a-V ^ ^ n. Pestilence ; plague. 

fExAWA Ayj\ exdam. Indescribable. 

£t5 ai-Yi> !ti9 n. (coll. for ei-yd) Luxury; 
giandear; magnificence; splendor: waga mi 
no-^wo koto to nasii, made luxuiy in living 
his chief business. Syn. biowa, ooobi. 



EzABU x.-^^) ^ # Qdg. of eru, cannot get ox 

£zn JL-k I obtain ; unable to do : yamu koto 
wo ezu, indispensable ; necessary. 

£z5 yL ^ p $l^\f^ n. A portrait, likeness 
(drawn with a pencil). 

Es6 A V ^ ||^ n. The island of Yesso. 

Ezu ^ y fit H i^- ^ chart, map, plan (of a 
building) ; a lecture, print : — wo hikUf to 
draw a plan, or picture ; — wo kaku, id.; — 
hiki, a drawer of charts ; an architect. 

Syn. BINAQATA. 

lEzuKi A ^ i^ n. i.q. edaehi, 

Ezuxi,-KU-8Hi .31 ^ i^ adj. An irritation or 

painful sensation in the eye, as if from a grain 

of sand. 
EzuKi,-xn SL'tf^^ i.Y. To gag, reach, or 

make an effort to 7omit ; to be sick at th« 

stomach. 

Syn. MUKATSUKU. 



F. 



fPu 7 4 n. Plot of ground covered by trees 

or grass (used only in comp.). 
Fu 7 17 n. A charm, spell. 
Fn 7 M n. The abdominal viscera: roppu, 

the six abdominal viscera ; — nuke mono, a 

donee. 
Fu 7 -^ n. A pawn in the game of chess: — 

wo uUt4, to place a pawn ; — wo tsuku, to move 

a pawn. 
Fu 7 22£ n. A spot, speck, mark : — ga arut 

to be spotted ; — trt, spotted, speckled ; tora 

no ->, the spots on the tiger. 

Syn. UADARA. 

Fn 7 ^ n. A kind of food made of wheat- 
flour : — ya, the shop where the above is sold. 

Fu 7 ^ n. A woman, a wife: — jin, a woman; 
fu/u, husband and wife. 

Fu 7 ^ n. An imperial city, of which there are 
three only in the empire, viz., Kyoto, Osaka 
and T5kei. 

Fu 7 W n. A music book ; musical marks or 
notes : — wo mite utau ; — wo yomu ; — ga 
chigan. 

Fxj y y(^ A negative prefix, used only in com- 
pound words. 

Fo 7 ^ Exclam. of anger or contempt ; pooh ! 
pshaw ! 

Fc or Fu 7 ^ "^ n. A husband : — /u, husband 
and wife. 

Syn. OTTO, TXIBBU. 



Fo 7^ i^ n. The closing of a letter ; an en- 
velope, seal, or enclosure : — too kiru, to break 
a seal ; — wo hiraku, to open a letter ; ippU, 
one enclosure. 

FO 7 {r JK {kaze) n. The wind ; manner, de- 
portment, customs ; style, fashion, way : — u, 
wind and rain; tai-fu, a typhoon; koku-fU, 
customs of a country; eei-yO — , European 
fashion. Syn. karawashi. 

Fd-ambai 7 7 5^'-?^ n. Unwell; ill. 
Syn. FuxwAi. 

Fu-ANNAi yy ^■f'A ^^^ Unacquainted 
with, especially with the roads of a country, 
locality, house, etc.; a stranger to ; not fami- 
liar with : kono kuni wa — de gozarimasUf I am 
not acquainted with this country. See annai, 

FuBAKo 7 /^ 3 ^ llfi n. A box used in carry- 
ing letters. 

FuBASAMi 7 '^"9* ^ n. Lq.fuzue. 

FuBATsu y ,<y ^jj (ugokanai) adj. Unal- 
terable, unchangeable : — kokorozashi, 

FuBBN y <^i/ ^ 'S Inconvenient, incommo- 
dious, unsuitable. 

FuBEM 7 << V ^ W Not eloquent ; slow of 
speech ; not good at talking : — na kdj5 we 
motte iu. 

FuBBNRi 7^v9 ^'Kf') Inconvenient. 

FuBiH y \ii^ 7[^^ {tatokarazu) Not clever ; 
not possessing much ability (used only in self- 
depreciation) : ware — naredomo. 



PUB 88 

FuBiN 7 If V Pp S adj. Feding oompassion, 
pity: hito no najigi wo — ni omou^ feeling 
compassion for the afflictions of men : — na 
yatsudat & pitiable fellow. 

SyU. AWABB, KINODOKU, BINZBN. 

FuBiNGABi,-BU 7 if V ^A' i.v. To feel pity; to 

compassionate ; to be pitiful. 
FoBiTO 7 \£ h n. One who keeps a record of 

events ; a chronicler, historian : — be, the 

office of . 

FuBO 7 i)f 5C ^ {ehichi halia) n. Father and 

mother ; parents. 
FuBON yafi^ ^it Not breaking the Buddhist 

commandments ; living a holy life. 
FuBUKi yy^ ^S »• A snow-storm. 
-FuBUKi yy^n. Gray (of the hair) : kami ga 

— ni naru, 
Fdbun y tf "fy Mfli ^' ^ report, rumor 

Syn. HTdBAN, UWASA. 

tFoBYS y\I^i; BSl/55 n- Colic. 

FucHX 7 f* tR n. A border, rim, edge, margin ; 
a bank : — \oo UukerUt to make a border ; 
hawa no — , the bank of a river ; katana no 
— , the metal ring around the handle of a 
sword. 
Syn. HBBi. 

FucHi 7 f* JS n. A deep pool or eddy in a cur- 
rent of water. 

Fdchi 7 f* jA I# Bations in rice paid to of- 
ficials, or BoldierB=flve po,=about 1 quart 
daily : ichi nin — , rations for one man ; go 
nin — , five rations ; — mn, a person in govern- 
ment employ; — tiiai, rice served out for 
rations ;/ttc/ti-%aea, the officer who serves out 
rations. 

Fu-CHiN 7f-v J^'ft, (uki ihixumi) Float and 
sink ; vicissitudes ; ups and downs of life : mi 
no — toki narazu, 

Syn. UTSUBI-EAWABI. 

Fuch5 y '^ "^ P f^Vt ^' ^^® municipal 
office of a /a city. 

FuchS 7 f* "Y ^ ?f tt The marks or symbols 
which merchants use for marking the price of 
goods : — voo Uukerut to affix a price mark ; 

— fuda, a ticket having the price written on it. 
FuchO 7 f* Tpr ^ ,€► Unfaithful to a master ; 

disloyal ; dishonest. 
Fu-CHCi 7f-^>f ^iilf**' Carelessness ; 

heedlessness. 
FuDA 7 ^ :^L» n. A card, ticket, label : kifuda, 

a wooden ticket ; — tiuki^ labeled, ticketed ; 

bakuehi no — , playing cards ; — wo UukerUf to 

label. 
FuDAi 7 ^ >r ^ 'f^ For successive generations : 

— no kerai, a hereditary vassal of the Toku- 
gawa family. 

FuDAN y ^ i/" Z>V( i^czu) Uninterrupted ; 
constant; continual; (coll.) usual; common: 

— zakurot a camelia that blooms the whole 
year ; — no *^r«, the usual way ; — gi, every- 
day clothes. 

Syn. ITSDMO, HEZZEI, TSUNB. 

FuDANOTBUji y kj y i* H^si ^' A place in 
the confines of a city where the kosatiu or the 
imperial edicts are posted. 



FUE 



Fddasashx yif-fl^ ¥*tt n.* A licensed mer* 
chant who exchanged the rice rations of 
government officials for money. 

Syn. SUBAYADO. ^ 

FuDA-sHo y^fi^n ^f^n. A temple where 
Kwan-on is worshipped, and resorted to by 
pilgrims ; of these there are 83 in the western 
and 83 in the eastern provinces. 

FuDAzuxAi y ^y fj h n, A letter-carrier. 

Syn. TBOAMIZUXAI. 

FuDB 7 r f(E n. A pencil, pen : — no jiku, 
the handle of a pen ; — no aaya, or — no 
kaia, the sheath of a pen ; — wo tsukuru^ to 
make a pen ; — wo treru, to correct with a 
pen; — wo orosu^ to break in a new pencil; 
— suru^ to write. 
Syn. HiTsu. 

FuDE-ABAi 7rT5b ffE*%n. A cup for wash- 
ing pens in ; cleaning a pen. 

FuDBBAKo 7r/C3|jEIi£n. A box for keep- 
ing pens in. 

FuDBGUsA 7r ^*"9* n. A species of reed, the 
top of which resembles a pen. 

FuDEKAKB 7 r ^/ ^ iJE ^ n. A pen-rest. 

FuDEKASHi 7r*»^ ^^fe^ D. (coll.) A mis- 
take, bluuder. 

FuDEKi 7 5r+ ^jfeJR Badly made; a poor 
crop: hono dai wa — de gozarimatu^ this 
stand is badly made ; ine ga — da, the rice 
crop is poor. 

FuDBMAMB y ^^ :^ Expert or skillful in using 
the peu ; fond of writing. 

FoDBNOSE 7r>'-t» DE^ (W&fca) n. A pen- 
rack. 

FuBE-No-UMi 7 r >; ^ 5 n. (poet.) An ink- 
stand, iukstone. 

FuDBSHi 7ra^ %ti^ '^' A pen -maker. 

FuDBTATB 75^if'y'|SEiu. A box of bamboo, 
or porcelain, for holding pencils or pens ; first 
writing on the new year. 

FuDE-TA y^*f %^ "• A pen store; also a 
maker of pens. 

FuDE-Tui 7r^bDE-3:n, A pen -maker. 

fFuDEZUKA 7 r S^ * n. The handle of a pen ; 
also, a monument erected by the pupils in 
memory of a teacher. 

FoDBZUKAi 7r!/*b ^KEn. Penmanship 
or way of writing:. — ga arai^ the penman- 
ship is coarse. 

FuDo 7 I? Tjr ^ I3J (onnjikarazu) Unlike ; dif- 
ferent; uneven. 

FuDo 7 ^* ^ ^ fjfr n. The name of an idol. 

FOdo 7^1^ M. ^ ^' Tbe nature or kind of 
country. 

FGdoku 7 ^ b* ^ M^ n. Bheumatism. 

Fud5my6-6 7b*iC'5-Y^7^ X>WR^ n. The 
name of a Buddhist divinity. 
Syn. rODO. 

iFuDONo 7 !*>' n. A library. 
Syn. BUNKO. 

FuDOSHi 7 >^ S^ 4$ #. ff Same as fundoshi, 

FuB 7 Ji ^ n. A flute, pipe, whistle : — wo 
fuku, to play the flute ; to blow a whistle; — 
no ana, the holes of a flute : — no fukikuchit 
the mouth or embouchure of a flute. 



FUE 



89 



FUI 



Fob 7-* jft f u. The windpipe : — tco tatsu^ 
to cat the throat. 
Syn. NODOBUE. 

Ftri,-Bu yacx* ^ i.v. To increase, multipb*, 
angment in uamber or bnlk ; to spread, en- 
large, BTrell : )kana ga fueia^ the flowers have 
spread; nomi ga fiteta, the fleaa have become 
thick; mizu ni niirete fueta, has swollen from 
being wet with water. 
Syn. oEu MABU. 

Fd-xki 7 a; 41 ^ J^ {kaioarann) Without 
change; unchanging; immutable: bandai — , 
never changing. 

Fu-BKi 7 Jii 4s pf; ^ (ooU.) Unprofitable ; use- 
less ; of no advantage. 

Sjn. UUDA, MITTAKD. 

PuiH \ 7:tii^ :^H (coll.) No affinity; no 
FunNj connection; no relation; divorce; 

separation of husband and wife: — ninani, 

to be divorced ; — no gi nite oya no moto e 

kaeru, being divorced, she returned to her 

father's honse. 
Fo-iN y jci^ # >J3 — 8tiru, to amplify, extend, 

enlarge upon ; to develop. 
FcETsn y^y j^l^n. A battle-axe. 

Syn. ONO. 
FCru y ^ y ^ ^ n. Husband and wife. 
FuTuxu y y 9 "K^l^ Not content ; dissent ; 

disapproval ; non-compliance ; disobedience. 
FrruKu 7 7 ^ flU^ — ««n<, to bow with the 

lace to the earth. 
FrruMMYO y y ^ \ t f; :'p^B^ (akiraha- 

narazu) Not clear ; not plain ; unintelligible. 
FroA yfy if M a Elegant ; in good taste ; 

genteel; refined; simple and neat style; 

chaste : — no hito, a man of refined taste. 
Syn. MiYABX. 
FuoAiNAi,-KU 7^f>f •^>f adj. (coll.) Useless; 

unprofitable : — mono^ an unprofitable person. 
FDoan 7 <r ^ i^ JS Sjb u. Catarrhal ophthalmia, 

or purulent ophthalmia. 
FCoETsu y "fyyy JS, H (lit* ^ind and moon) n. 

Natural scenery ; nature : — too koiiomu ; — 

wo mote-asobu, to spend one's time in retu-e- 

ment, in enjoying the beauties of nature ; — 

no sai, poetical talents. 
Fuoi y ^ Z^ ji Impropriety ; immorality ; 

contrary to what is right ; adultery ; disloyalty : 

— naru mono, a person who violates morality ; 

— tco natUj to act improperly. 

FCoi 7 <r 4? JS g| n. Customs ; manners. 

Syn. N'ARAWASHI, fCzoku. 

Fu-oiBi 7 ¥" 9 ^ 8 3S n. Not right ; wrong. 

Fuoo 7 d* ^ n. A basket. 

Puoo yift; ^ ytu. A mark ; note. 

Fcod 7=^*7 ^-^^ Matching; agreeing; cor- 
responding like the two parts of a seal : — 
itasu, it matches. 

FcoD 7 / :^ jJt {omci-gakenn) Unexpected; 
un thought of : — no toazatoai. 

Frou yf^^ (ionfnoaratH) Maimed; de- 
formed ; crippled. Syn. katawa. 

Fuou 7 / J^ He n. A kind of poisonous fish, 
Tetrodon hyxtris : fugu tea kni-taihi inochi xoa 
Oihizhi (prov.). 
19 



FcGURi 7 / 9 Pi ft (innd) n. The testicles ; 
the cone of ii pine. Syn, xintaua. 

IFcouBUMA 7^-^wv n. A desk for holding a 
book, set on wheels in order more easily to 
pass it round. 

•[Fdoushi 7 J^S^ n. A ktaife; a trowol or scoop 
used for digging up roots. 

•^FoooTsu 7 / 7 n. Shoes. 

Fo-OYooi yi^*f^^ ^T^fflR n. (coll.) Im- 
proper, immoral, or disorderly conduct. 

FuoyojS 7^-Y^S?-Yl>^^f^n. (coll.) 
Wickedness ; abandoned ; profligate or dis- 
solute conduct. 

Fc-oy6seki 7^iri>-te4^ 'K^^^^ Xi, (coll.) 
Wicked or immoral conduct. 

FCha y ff ?^ R 2ft (iiawii kaz^ n. Wind and 
waves: — no nan ni au, to encounter the 
dangers of the sea. 

FoHAi y j\i Wfe (fciMaru) n. Putrefaction : 
— #MrM, to be putrified, rotten; — huUu, 
putrified articles. 

FuHEZ 7 ^ >f ^ qs. (iairoka-narazii) Di.splea- 
sure ; uneasiness ; irritation ; vexation ; dis- 
content : — 100 fti, or, — too narasUf to utter 
one's displeasure. 

FoHBN 7 -^ V ^ Jg [kaioaranu) Unchangeable ; 
immutable. 

FuHBNji y ^ y i^ ^sgSt n. Making no 
answer ; answering roughly or uncourteously. 

FuHo 7 -''^ 7 ^ fi Wicked ; vicious ; immoral ; 
unprincipled ; not conforming to rule or law ; 
unlawful : — na /lito, abandoned person ; — 
too surUf to act contrary to morality. 
Syn. FUBACHi. 

FOho 7 ^ ''^ ^ ® Jfe Ii- -A.n air-gun. 

-tFuHoooMORi,-Bu 7 * =f * A* j.v. To be con- 
tained, included, or enveloped within some- 
thing else. 

^FuHOJ^,-MU 7* A »•▼. uq.fukumu. 

PoHYo 7 ^ ^ *^# ^ n. A buoy. 

FOhyo 7 ^ b -Y {r ^ I? (tori-tata) n. Common 
talk; censure; criticism. 

Fui 7 >f :^ S (omowazn) adv. By chance ; by 
surprise; unexpected; accidental; off one's 
guard ; not thinking : — tpo titarerii, to bo 
taken by surprise and killed; — no sainan, 
an unexpected calamity. 
Syn. OMOi MO tobanu, futo, dashi-nuke. 

Fu-i 7 >f ^ ^ n. Cotton, i.e. common or 
ordinary clothes=comraon people : — no mi. 

FuicHo y^f-^Tif A St — 'W"*! to proclaim, 
publish, promulgate, advertise, announce^ 

Syn. HIROMERU, BHIRABERU. 

Fai-rui-KYo y ^y A ^^ 0^H:n. Moham- 
medanism. 

fFoi-OAWA 7 >f ir ^^ n. A bellows ; anciently 
made of a skin. 

Fuioo 7 ^ =^ H^ ^ n. A bellows : — 100/uftu, 
to blow a bellows ; — tnaUwri^ a festival on 
the 8th day of the 11th month (o.c). 

Fu-ixiTODOKi 7 >f 41 h 1? i^ n. Careless : negli- 
gent; inattentive. 

POiN 7^>fv^^|jn. A seal, or stamp : t«- 
gami tii — too osu, to seal a letter; — tmki no 
tegami^ a sealed letter. 



FUI 90 

Pu-iBi 7^9 adj. Spotted. 
FOja 7^s?"Y SS)n. A cold, cattarrh : — 
nite hikikoniu, confined \?ith a cold. 

Sjn. BTKI-KAZE. 

Fuji y ^ :^^ (toki-naraztt) n. Out of season ; 
out of time; inopportune; fortuitous; con- 
tingent; casual; incidental: — no nyQ-yo, 
contingent expenses; — tia hen, accidental 
affair : — goto, cbauce affair. 
Syn. RiNji. 

Fuji 7 f>* S$ n. Wistaria chinensis. 

FOji,-rtj 7 ^ 3? H' I^ To enclose or seal up a 
letter; to prohibit, forbid: tegami wo fUjiru^ 
to seal a letter ; fuji-komeru, to inclose and 
seal up something inside of another ; to shut 
up by incantation : bakuchi wo — , to forbid 
gambling. 

Fdjibakama y i^ ,< ij ^ n. The Valeriana 
villosa; valerian. 

tFujiHANASHX 7 3? '^ ■^ 5^ n. A bow. 
Syn. TUMI. 

FOji-BUKUBO 7^s?y^nn. A letter-envelope. 

fFuji-ooBouo 7S?=fn« n. A kind of coarse 
cloth. 

FuJiMAUB y i^ ^ ji n. A species of bean, 
Dolichos cultratus. 

FujiMi 7 f-* ^ n. Insensible to pain : — da 
kara huttemo itagaranai. 

FujiN 7 5? »^ ^f— n. (med.) Insensibility; 
paralysis : te ashi — . 

FujiN 7a?v^/wn. The wife of a noble. 

FOjin y t^ i* s^ M. M {yo 110 chiri) (Bud.) 
Secular affairs ; worldly affairs : — wo itan. 

FujiN 7 3? >' ;^ f— (namke no nai) Unkind ; 
inhuman; without love or pity: — nahito; 

— na koto. 
FujiN 7 sJ V ^ A n. A woman. 

Syn. oNNA. 
FujiNA 7 s^ -^ n. The dandelion. 

Syn. TAMPopo. 
FtJji-NOBi 7 ^5^ s? >? 9 n. Paste or mucilage for 

sealing letters, etc. 
FCji-b6 7 ^ s? 7 7 t+ *K n. Sealing-wax. 
Fujitsu y s^y :^f( False; untrue; insincere; 
hypocritical ; unkind ; inhuman; — no hito. 

Syn. MAKOTO NO NAI, FUNINJS. 

Fujitsu 7 5? 7 ;^ ^ {Iiodo naku) In a short 
time; in a few days; soon : — ni dekimaslidf I 
will do it in a few dayR. Syn. tukabazu. 

FujiyO 7 5? a Tjr ^ t] "fl Not free ; not as a 
person would like ; disagreeable ; uncomfor- 
table; scarce: — na koto; — n/, not freely. 
Syn. mama ni naranai. 

Pujo 7 s? 3 #A^ Help; aid; assistance; sup- 
port : — turUf to help ; to support. 

Syn. TASUKERU, MITSUGU. 

PuJO 7 ^-V ^ ^ £ {iadamarazn) Uncertain ; 

not fixed; (mostly used of the length of life): 

ro'Shd — ica yo no narai, 
Fujo 7S?-Y^ ;v;gJ Unclean; filthy; dirty; 

foul ; defiled : — na monOt an unclean thing ; 

— wo yokfrut to keep off an offensive smell, or 
uncleanness; — wo nozoku, to purify one's 
self, to abate a nuisance. 

Syn. eboabe. kitobaka-nabanu, ob. 



FUK 



FujSho yi'-yt^^y :^:S?i n. (gram.) The 
infinitive mood. 

Fuju y^A^^n, A charm, spell, to keep 
off evil spirits. / 

Fuju 7 3^^ Q^^ (kutare ju$ha: lit. a rotten 
confucianist) A bip:oted confncianist. 

FujuN y ^sxy^ ^M (shitagawazu) Unfavor- 
able; contrary; adverse; irregular; disobedi- 
ent : oya ni — . 

FuKA y t % t^ {tomeru ie) n. Wealthy 
family; richnouse. 

FuKA y fj jl^ n, A species of shark. 
Syn. SAME. 

FuKA y fj ^"^ Uhikaratu) Not right ; should 
not be ; impossiole : tono koto — narL 

FuKADA y U ^ i.q. fuketa. 

FuKADA y ff ^ n. Bice-fields, in which there 
is much water. 

FusA-GUTSu y ij fy n, A long boot, used 
generally for walking in the snow. 

FuKAi,-Ei-8Hi y fj ^ ^ adj. Beep; profound; 
intimate; hard to understand: fukai ka atai 
fta, is it deep or shallow ? umi ga fukai, the 
sea is deep; ano onna to kono otoko to fukai 
naka de am id na, it is said that woman and 
this man are very intimate. 

■tFuxAKE 7 ^ ^ n. Leggins made of brocade 
anciently worn by play-actors. 

FuKAKu) 7*^5^ adv. Deep: — ftirw, to 

FuKO I deepen ; — nantt to become deep i 
fukd gozarimasUj it is deep; yama fukaku 
sundeirUf he lives far amongst the mountains ; 
yo ga fukaku natte, the night is far spent ; — 
tsuki-aimasen, not intimate. 

Fukaku 7 ^ ^ :^^n, (coll.) Loss ; injury ; 
defeat, or disaster caused by negligence : — wo 
torn, to suffer defeat ; to be worsted ; — no 
namida, 

FuKAKUGo y fj 9 ^ ^9t^ "Without fore- 
thought or preparation; careless; heedless; 
improvident; negligent. Syn. tojin-kashi. 

FuKAMB,-BU y fj >i ji' t.v. To deepen ; to dredge. 

FuKAMi y fj I n. A deep place ; the depth. 

FuKAMi-GUSA y fj I J'* "9* n. The botan. 

FCkan y ^ fj ^ W^^ {mono ni yotaete isamuru) 
To reprove a superior indirectly, as by a 
parable : — «!«•«, to hint. 

Fukannin 7:^v;ii/ ^4i&iS>n. (coll.) Im- 
patience ; without self-restraint. 

Fukabb,-ru 7 * ^ ^ ^"^ Fass. of fuku: 
kaze ni — , to be blown by the wind. 

FuKASA 7 ^ "9* n. The depth : — wa dono kurait 
how deep is it? 

FuKASE,-BU 7^-fe>»' The caust. of/MA-M. To 
make or let blow, wipe or roof : as, watakushi 
ni fne wofukashite kudasare^ let me- blow your 
flute; kami tama wa kaze wo fukaseru, God 
makes the wind blow; watakuthi ni fukashite 
kudasare, let me wipe it, or (in speaking of 
roofing), let me roof the house. 

FuKASHi,-8U y U zf, t.v. To do unything late 
at night : yo wo — , to sit up late at night. 

FuKASHi,-su y fj z^ t& t.v. To cook by steam- 
ing : meshi too fukasu, to steam rice. 
Syn. Musu. 



FUK 



91 



FUK 



FriASHioi 7*^=^^'^S9| (omoihakam 
bekarcau) Incomprehensible; inconceivable: 
(Bud.) — nyorai ; — na koto, 

FUKASHI-GIBON y -fj l^^XiZ^ ^'^i?^fil§& O. 

Agnosticism : — nha^ an agnostic. 

fFriA-Booi yfj y ^ xk. The ceremony of shav- 
ing the head of a child for the first time, from 
the age of 8 to 5 years. 

FcKizuJCE y -fj */ :ft ^ jfK (coll.) — torw, cutting 
the finger nails very close down to the flesh. 

Fuse 7 >* n. Bicc-fields, in which there is 
mnch water. 

Syn. FUK AD A, nOBOTA. 

Ft7U 7 ^ jS ^ n. Dandruff ; scurf on the 
head. 

Fuib 7 ^ n. Mildew. 

FcKBrBU y ^ f^ ^ i.v. To grow old ; to grow 
late; to become stale: tothi ga fuketa, has 
grown old; ano hito toa yohodo fuketOj he 
has grown quite old ; yo ga fuketa^ it is late 
in the night; ishi-bai ga fuketn, the lime is 
oir-slacked ; kome ga — , the rice is stale. 

Syn. TAEKRU. 

FuKE,-Bu y y ^ ^ i.v. Placed on a roof; 
roofed; can roof: nokiha ni fukem nyame^ 
the sweet flag placed on the eaves ; kono yane 
ichi nichi ni fukern ka, can you roof this 
house in a day? 

PcKB,-Ru y ^ A. i.v. To be mildewed ; musty. 
Syn. komogkhu. 

FuEEi y ir 4 ^ % (uyamawann) Disrespect- 
ful ; irreverent ; impolite : — iiafnrHmai. 

Syn. 8HIT8URKI, 8HIEKEI. 

TvKEi y ^ ^ Z^iti Not consistent with the 
classics; heretical; unfounded; absurd: — 
na set* ft. 

PeKEi 7 ^ >• >f M.W: (kesUiki) n. Landscape ; 
scenery ; view : — ga yoi^ the landscape is 
beautiful. 

VvKEiKi y^A^'^^^tn, Looking dull ; no 
business or trade ; no bustle ; still ; quiet ; 
plain; coape : kono te»tu Tokyo mo — da sona, 
there seems to be little trade now doing in 
Tokyo ; Kamakura mo — na tokoro da, Kama- 
kara is a dull place ; akinai — da, trade is 
dull ; fnkeiki no nari too shite kitat he wore 
coarse clothes. 
Syn. sAitisHici. 

FcKEN 7 >" V ;^ ^ {kashikokn nashi) adj. Un- 
^se ; indiscreet ; imprudent : — tco mite wa 
vchi ni mizukara kaerimiyo^ if you see in- 
discretion in others look within yourself ; ken 
— , the wise and unwise. 

PrntERij-Bu :7 >" n- i.v. To be addicted to ; given 
up to ; absorbed or immersed in ; fond of : 
iro ni — , addicted to vener^ ; ihu-shoku ni — , 
fond of eating and drinking. 

Syn. OBORERU, susamu, nA^:.ilU. 

Ptkeso y^^^ ^{t If n. A kind of stroU- 

ing musician, same as komosu. 
FtKETA 7 ^ ^ p ^ n. Marshy, swampy land ; 

rice-fields having an excess of water. 
FrKETSu y iry Z^M Dirty ; unclean ; foul ; 

impure : — no mizu, dirty-water; — wa kokoro, 
Syn. Fuso, sitanai. 



FuKi 7 % ^ it x^* Sedition ; insurrection : 

— wo Itakaru. 

Fusi 7 ^ ^^ n. A kind of vegetable, the 

Nardosmia japonica. 
FCki y i;^ M IK »• Flatulence. 
FuEi 7 ^ ;^ ^ ihodasarenu) Unfettered; free: 

— doku-1-yu^ free and independent. 
FuKi,-Ku y if x^ t.v. (1) To blow : kaze ga 

fuku^ the wind blows; fue too fnku^ to blow a 
flute ; iki %co fukn^ to blow with the breath $ 
mizH wo fukn, to sprinkle water with the 
month; tane ga me wo — , the seed sends 
forth a spraut. 

(2) ^ To roof ; to cover with a roof : yane 
wofukuy to put on a roof. 

(3) ^ To wipe: tenugni de te wo fukUy to 
wipe the hands with a towel ; fukin de chawan 
wofukn, to wipe the cups with a napkin. 

+Fdki,-kd 7 ^ t.v. To shake, brandish. 
FuKi-AOABi,-BU 7 4» T ** '»' i.v. To blow up- 
ward, rise up, upbear ; to spout up (as a jet 

of water). 
Fdki-aoe 7 4» T -/ n. A machine for spouting 

up water ; a jet d*eau. 
Syn. FUN-sui-Ki. 
FcKi-A0E,-RU 7 + T /'^ p^X t.v. To blow up; 

to cause to asceuil by Mowing. 
FuKi-AKAsni,-sD 7 t- T * ^ t.v. To blow all 

night. 
FuEiBA y ^ ^< n A place for melting ore ; a 

foundry. 

Syn. SEi-TETSO-Jo. 
FuKi-cHiRASHi,-su 7 * f* 5 ^ ^XfX ^-^ To 

scatter by blowing. 
FuEiDAMA 7 4s ^ -r n. Bubbles blown in the air. 

F0EI-DA8HI,-8U 7 + ^' 5^, 1^ ^ i.V. To bloW 

out ; to spurt or spout out ; to burst out : kaze 

ga fnki'dashita, the wind has begun to blow. 
Ff Ki-DE-MONO y^'^^Ji^^ifyu, An erup. 

tion on the skin. 
FcKiOATARi 7 =V- *' ^ !? ». Boasting; bragging. 
•tFuEiGAWA or FuiGAWA y -[i if /\ ij. A bellows ; 

i.q.fuigo. 
Fdkigen 7*-/^ ;^:}$iii(^ n. (coll.) Not in 

good spirits; out of tempeu; out of humor, 

angry ; displeased. 

FUKI-HANACHI,-TSU 7 + -'^ "^ S' '^ :Sl ^'^' ^O 

blow apart, or separate by blowing. 

FUKI-HARAI,-AU 7 4* ^"^ 9 7 ^X^ t.V. To bloW 

away, blow off, scatter. 
FuKi-KAE,-BU y ^ -fj ^ii' ¥ # t.V. To re-roof ; 

put on a new roof : yane wo fukikaeru^ or /wfti- 

gae lOo smtm, id. 
Fdei-kaeshi,-su y ^:fj ^yf, i»^ J^ t.v. To blow 

over, upset by blowing ; to come to life ; to 

begin to breathe again : byobu wo — , to 

blow over a screen; yoyo iki xco fukikaesu, at 

length came to life again. 

FCEI-KAKE,-RU y ^ -fj ^ i^ vj^i^ t.V. To bloW 

upon: mizu wo — , to sprinkle water by blow- 
ing it from the mouth. 

FuKi-EAWARi,-Ru y ^ ii » f^ i.V To change, 
or turn, as the wind : kaze ga — . 

FuKi-EESHi,-su 7 ^ ^ :^ v^ *^ t.v. To blow 
out ; extinguish by blowing. 



FUK € 

~v 

FuKi-KOMi,-icu y^aJk ^ J| t.v. To blow 

into : ie ni haze ga fuki-konda, the wind bUw 

into ^e house. 
FDkl-KOWASHI,-SU 7 ¥ =1 -'^ ^ ^t!t t.v. To 

break by blowing; broken by the wind. 
FuKi-KUDAKi,-KU 7 * ^ ^ ^ t.v. To break by 

blowing. 
FuKi-MAKi,-KU y ^-T ^ i.v. To blow and whirl 

aronnd, as the wind. 
FuKiMONO y ^^J n. A wind instrument of 

masic. 
FuKiN y ^z^ ^jl' ^' ^ towel ; a napkin. 
FOkin y tf ^ ^ A^ n. An organ, accordion. 
FuKi-NAOASHi 7i■^*'i^ «:J^^°' ^ Streamer ; 

a kind of flag. 
FuKi-NUKi 7 4: 3? t* n- The draught or current 

of wind ; a kind of flag. 
I^FuKiai 7 4» 9 n. The barb of a hook. 
Fu-KiBYo 7^-';-Yi5'^|l4n. Without 

ability; also, (coll.) ugly; homely. 
FoKi8HiEi,-Ku y ^zy 9 i.v. To blow haid, or 

violently. 
FuKi-TA0BHi,-su 7 4* ^ 7 ^^ pj; ^J i.v. To blow 

over anything standing. 
FuKi-TOBi,-BU y ^ Y f^ ^ JR t.v. To tear 

off by blowing ; blown off by tlie wind : haze 

ni fuki'toraretaf torn off by the wind ; also, to 

wipe off. 
Fuki-t5shi,-8U 7 ^ h ih X vX^ i.v. To blow 

through, as a tube. 
FuKiTsu 7 * 7 ^ 5^ n. Unlucky : — na yunie. 
FuKi-TsUYOBi,-Ru 7 ^ 7 3 /I' i.v. To blow 

more violently. 
^FuKi-CTE.-TsuRU 7 * ♦ 7 >^ t.v. Toblowaway. 
Fdki-wakb,-ru y ^ V ^ ^ ^"^ t.v. To refine 

metals; to separate the dross: fuhiwakete 

minif to assay. 
FuKiTA 7 4»"Y'^^ n. The arrow of a blow- 
gun : — 910 tsxttsVf a blow-gun. 
FcKi-YAMi,-MU 7 4» -v A ^ jt i.v. To cease 

blowing: haze ga fuki-yanda^ the wind has 

stopped blowing. 
FuKi-zuTSU 74*$''7vfc#In. A blow-gun. 
Fdkki, or FGki 7 ^ * ^ 5(" (tomi iattoki) Rich 

and noble ; rich ; wealthy : — no ie ni uinarem, 
FuKKo 7^3 ft'i" (wukaihi ni tachi-modoru) 

Beturning to ancient usages and customs ; ^ 

^ (moto ye tachi-modoni)^ returning to old or 

former customs. 
FuKKURi 7 5^ ^ 9 adv. (coll.) Swollen and soft 

in appearance ; fat and soft : — karada, 
FuEKWAN 7 ^ ^ 7 V ;(I '^ {yakuvie wo kami 

ye kaesu) n. Resigning one*s office. 
Fdkkyo y V ^i; }# l|J \akaUvLki\ n. Dawn ; 

enrly moniiug : — ni yuku, 
FckO 7 ^ ^ ^ # Unfilial ; disobedient to 

parents: oya nifnko^ id.; — na ko, 
FuKo yii^ :^^n. Misfortune; calamity; 

ill-luck : — ni au^ to meet with a misfortune ; 

— 710 naka no saiurai ; uchi — ga arUt there 

is a death in the family. 

Sjn. FCSHIAWA8B, FCSAIWAI. 

FuKOKO 7 =1 ^ ^ "^ (nhiraseru) A public notice, 
proclamation, notification : — turu^ to publish, 
make kuuwn ; io proclaim, notify. 



\ FUK 

FuKOKU 7 =1 ^ ^ S n- Prussia. 

FuKosso, or FuKOTsu 7 a 7 y fli«l*'il n. 
(med.) Caries of th^ bones ; necrosis. 

FuKOTBU 7 3 7 ^ »!• » (med.) The tarsal or 
metatarsal bones. 

FuKU 7 ^ *1 (ioem) Used in the titles of 
officials in the sense of, assiistant adjutant, 
vice; as: fukn-shoQun^ at^jutant general. 

FuKU 7 ^ KS (hara) n. The belly, abdomen: 
do fuku no kyodaiy children of the same 
mother ; — chU ga itamut have pain in the 
belly. 

Fuku 7 ^ S (kaeru) — ium^ to restore, 
ret nrn ; to repeat, do over again : kwan roku wo 
— , to restore one to his office and salary; lion 
wo — , to read a book over again. 

Fuku 7 ^ )f3 (faiioai) n. Prosperity; luck; 
good fortune ; earthly good ; wealth ; happiness : 
— no kami, the god of wealth, or luck. 

Fuku 7 ^ i!R (kimono) n. Clothing ; the 
numeral for doses of medicine, smokes of to- 
bacco : imibuku or mofukuy mourning clothes; 
ifuktif clothes ; kttsiiri ippukut ni /uA;u, tan- 
jMtkn, 

Fuku 7 ^ tS The numeral for pictures, maps, 
etc.: kakemono ippnku, one picture. 

FuKUBB 7 ^ .^ jp^ n. A calabash, gourd. 
Syn. hyStan. 

fFuKUBK y 9 '< Same Mfugu. 

FoKUBiKi 7^lf^ K5I »• A kind of game 
in which prizes are drawn ; a lottery. 

FuKUBOTSU y ^ Tify 9 'S {kuUugaeru) — surUf 
to be upset, capsized and sunk : fane ga — , 
the ship has foundered. 

FUKU-BUKU8HII,-KI,-KU 7 ^ T*^ V'^ adj. (COll.) 

Having the appearance of being wealthy. 

fFuKUBUKusHi y if -f if ^ u. The lungs. 

FuxuHEi y if '^4 ^y^ ^ n. An ambush ; troops 
lying in ambush. 
Syn. FusBZEi. 

FuKU-i y 9 f^ ^J 14 {^oto no yaku ni nam) To 
return to one^s former office. 

FuKU-iKU y if A if |t# n. FragrAit: — iaxxi 
kdki; — to nion. 

FuKuiN y if A ^ tS ft °' Area; width; 
breadth ; extent : knni no — wa ikura. 

FuKU-iN 7 ^ >f V fiS ^ (yorokobi no otozure) n. 
Glad tidings ; good news ; gospel : — c/«o, the 
gospels (books). 

FuKUJi 7^5? <?ft 3^ ^' Submission ; obe- 
dience, as to a teacher, or one of eminent 
virtue : — «»r«. 

FuKUJiN 7 ^ 5? J^ ^ ffr n. The gods of happi- 
ness, of which there are seven, viz.: Ebitu, 
DaikokUt BUhamon^Bemaiten^ Hoteit Jurvjin 
and Fukurokuju. 

FuKUJO y^^if ^ff^^ {tiuki shitagau) Subjec- 
tion ; obedience : — sunt, to follow, adhere to, 
obey, as a teacher ; to submit to. 

FuKUJUso y i^ i^A-ft; ^115^ The name of 
a flower; the Adonis sibirica. 

FuKUKEN 7 ^ ^ V ^S ^ n. (leg.) Hestoration 
of rights. 

FuKUKosHiN 7 if' =1 1> v' 3^ ® ^f ^^ n. (med.) 
Herpes. 



FUK 



93 



FUK 



PuKU-KwiTBU V 9 "^ vy fE ^ {yomigaeri) n. 
Besnirection ; return to life. 

FxjxvuASjj y 9 ^ 9 WJSL^- (med.) Perito- 
Deam : — yen, peritonitis. 

PijKUMA8»,-BU 7 ^ •* -It >«' canst, of ftikumu. 
To make or let another put anything in his 
mouth ; as : kito ni kttsuri wo — , to make a 
person take meilicine in his mouth. 

FuKUME,-Ru 7 ^ ^ i^ ^ t.v. To put into the 
mouth ; to feed with the mouth, as a bird its 
young ; to tell another what to say : tnibame 
ko ni ewo — ; ji wo — , to put a word into 
another's mouth ; tell what to say. 
Syn. suKUMEBU. 

FuEUMS.-Ru y 9 j» ^ ^ t.v. To cause to con- 
tain ; to dip into so as to take up, or absorb a 
fluid; to wet: /tide ni sumi wo -;-, to cause the 
pencU to take up ink ; to take ink upon the 
pen ; tenugui ni mizu wo — , to wet the towel 
in water; (lit.) to take up water with the 
towel. 

FuEUiTEi 7 ^ J» ^ ^ ^ (kaeri-goto mosu) 
Bringing back an answer or report of what one 
has done, as an embassy. 
Syn. HAMMBi. 

FuKOfEN 7 ^ ->» 5^ flt ^ Covering the face with 
a veil; a veil: — $uru, to veil the face; — 
IPO kakeru; — xu/ctfi, a cloth mask. 

FcKUMi,-MD 7 ^ A i.v. To bo enclosed or 
shut ; unopened : fuknmitaru hana, an un- 
opened flower. 

FuKUMi,-MU 7 ^ A ^ t.v. To hold in the 
mouth; to keep or hold in the mind; to en- 
tertain; to comprehend; to contain; to in- 
clude ; to absorb, as a sponge : ikari wo — , to 
be angry ; kuchi ni mizu wo — , to hold water 
in the mouth ; warai, or emi wo — , to smile ; 
ikon wo — , to cherish hatred ; fukunde oru^ to 
understand and keep to one's self ; to include ; 
kaze wo — . 
Syn. xuKUMv, obibu. 

FcKUBAHAGi 7 ^ 9 -'^ ^ Bf D. The calf of 
the leg. Syn. komuba. 

^FuKCBAKA y 9 f f! adj. Bloated ; fat. 

FuKDBAMij-MU 7^9* i-v. To be inflated, 
distended by tlie wind, blown up : ho ga kaze 
ni — , the sail is distended by the wind. 

FiTKURAPPAGB 7 ^ 9 7 -»< ^ i.q. fnkuraJiagi, 

FtJBUBASHI,-SU or FUKURABASHI 7 ^ 9 5^ ^ 

caust. of fukureru. To inflate, distend ; to 
cause to swell : kikyU wo — , to blow up a 
balloon. 
FuKUBB,-BU 7 ^ i^^^ B6 or US i.v. To be in- 
flated ; to distend ; swollen ; puffed up; to ex- 
pand; to be angry: pan ga fukureta, the 
bread has risen ; fukure-tsurat an angry coun- 
tenance. 

Syn. HABEBU, BdOH5 8T7BU. 

FcKUBEi y 9 u^ tf QE — surUt to return an 

act of courtesy, or a salutation. 
FuKtJBiH y 9 ^ 3^ 9im ^' -An ornamented 

border : kin — , a goldborder. 
FusuBO 7 ^ T> ^ n. A bag, sack, pouch : ko- 

bukuro, a small bag; the womb; o-fukuro, 

mother ; U-bukuro, a glove. 



FuKUBo 7 ^ w Jfe n. An owl. 

FuKiJBOBi,-BU y 9 vy i.v. To rip open ; to 
rent, come apart. 

FuKUBo-DAWA 7 ^ n ^ •^ I n. A closet, cup- 

FijKUBo-TODANA y 9 ^ > ^ -^ J board. 

FuKUBODo 7^wh*4S^'^* ^ closet. 

FuKUBOoo y 9 n ^ u. A child born enveloped 
in the membranes. 

FuKUBo-MACHi 7^w^f*®^n. A street 
closed at one end. 

FuKUBO-TATAM y 9 xi St ft ^ xx, (coU.) A seveie 
beating ; a sound drubbing : — ni suru. 

FuKUBTO V ^ 9 7 M ^ {Jiaratate) Anger : — 
iuru, to be angry. 
Syn. BIPPUKU. 

FuKUSA y 9-t M^. ^« -A. silk cloth used for 
wrapping, or covering. 
Syn. ruROSHiKi. 

FuKU-sAiBHU 7^'9''f»^^ W8fi. n. Assist- 
ant-master of ceremonies. 

FuKU-sEi 7 ^ -b >f tf ± (ikikaeri) n. Resur- 
rection ; return to life. 

FuKXJSEKi 7 ^ -fe ^ fl[ SF — »""'. to he re- 
registered as a citizen of a place which once 
was left. 

FuzusHi y 9 l^ W\ 1*1 n- (gram.) An adverb. 

Fdkushi,-bu 7 ^ ^ ^ [shitagau) t.v. or i.v. 
To be hidden, concealed; to submit, yield, 
acquiesce in ; to cause to submit; to subjugate ;' 
to bring into obedience ; to convict ; (|^) to 
take medicine : tsumi ni — , to yield, or 
acknowledge one's guilt, or submit to punish- 
ment ; dori ni — , to submit to reason ; tenha 
wo — , to subjugate the empire; ktuuri wo — , 
to take medicine; netsu gafuku thite ite has- 
shinait the fever is inward and does not come 
out. 

FuKUSHi 7 ^ *^ IS"! ffi n. Vice ambassador. 

+FDKU8HI 7 ^ i/ n. Food ; viands ; delicacies. 

iFuKusHiMONO y 9 i^^ J n. Anything eaten 
with sake or rice. Syn. sakana. 

FoKUBHin 7 ^ s^v H/c? adj. Faithful; con- 
stant ; obedient : — no kerai, a faithful servant. 

Fukush5 y 9 l^-^tt tAifi^' Adjutant general; 
the second in rank to a general in chief. 

Fdkushoku y 9 l^ n 9 fli ft Leaving the Bud. 
priesthood and again returning to the former 
dignity (used only of a noble). 
Syn. OEN-zoKU. 

FukushO y 9 ^if ^f^ {kataki wo utsu) — 
nirUt to take vengeance on an enemy ; to re- 
venge. 

FuKOso y 9 y ^X^ {moto no kurai ni kaeru) 
— turn, returning again to the throne once 
abdicated. 

FdkusO y 9'yts^ S j)[ (gram.) n. The plural 
number. 

FuKusuKE 7^^^ fS^Ji^n. A person of short 
stature and large head ; a dwarf. 

fFuKUTAMi.-Mu 7 iJ' if A i.v. To be inflated, 
distended by the wind ; to be disheveled. 

FuKUTETSU y 9Ty fltlft n. The rut in which 
a wagon has been upset ; the road which led 
to a former failure or mistake : — wo fumu^ 
pursue a course which has led others to ruini 



FUK 



94 



FUM 



FuKUTsO y i^ y ^ K5 ^ (hara ^lo itami) n. 

CoUo ; paiu iu the abdomen. 
fFuKUTsuKEKij-KU-SHi v 9 V ^T 9 ftdj. Ad- 
dicted to the pleasures of the world ; to love 

the world ; covetous ; avaricious. 
FuKUYAKu y 9^ 9 jfH 81 (&t<«Mri wo nomxi) to 

take medicine ; — kth'u. 
Fukut5 y 9 ni; 3R W (w*"w* «* ataru) — 9UTUi 

to clasp to one's heart ; to keep in mind : — 

shite waturezu. • 
tFuKUYOKA y 9 '& -^ adj. Happy; thickly 

wadded (as a garment). 
IFuKUTOBHi y 9 n %^ n. A leper. 

Syn. NABIMBO. 

FuKTjzo-NAKu y 9 ^ fj -Y 9 ft Bt jft (5» kdkmxi 
koto na$hi) adj. Without concealment; with- 
out reservation: — o hanashi nasaif speak 
without concealment. 

FCkwa y f; 9V JS -(b n. Eeformation : — 
surxi^ to be changed, altered in character, re- 
formed. Syn. SAWABU, abatauabu. 

FuKWA y 9 V ^%T^* Idle show : — xdo kisou. 

FuKWAi y 9 V A X^\¥^ {kokoro yokaratu) Un- 
well; indisposed; sick; out of humor; dis- 
pleased ; to be on bad terms : — de gozarimaau^ 
do not feel well \ go — de arimashita yd da^ 
you look as if you had not been well ;~ftiomoii, 
to feel hurt or offended. 

Syn. BTOKI, AUBAI WABUI, FUKIOBN. 

FuKWAi y 9 V A ff^'f n. The assembly of a 
fu city. 

FuEWAi y 9 )7 A f^^ n. A forced comparison 
or analogy ; straining or wresting the meaning 
of words ; a fancy, conceit : — euru ; — no 
setsn. Syn. kojitsukb. 

FuKWAN y 9 V^ y^^ n- Inconvertible : — 
ahiheit — paper money. 

FuKTo 7 + "V ♦ ^' ^ {tomite Uuyoki) adj. 
Rich and powerful: — kokUf a powerful 
country. 

FuKTo y ^ ^ p VSV'P Looking down and up : 
tenchi ni — sum, 

FuKTd y ^ ^ if 7(^^ n. Dullness; infestivity ; 
absence of mirth or gayety ; ill-humor ; spleen : 
go — wo kdmuru, to incur the displeasure of 
one's lord. 

FuKTtJ y ftp :^^ (kuchizu) Undecaying ; in- 
destructible ; incorruptible: baruei — . 

FcMAN 7 w y(^'^ n. Dissatisfaction ; dis- 
contented : — wo idakUf to feel dissatisfied. 

FuMAE,-BU 7 -r ^ >u t.v. To tread on ; to step 
on : funuiete ugokasanai, tread on it and keep 
it from moving. 

fFuMAKx ^-r^* n. A letter-envelope. 
Syn. UWAZUTSUMI. 

FoMASB,-Bu\ 7^■lr'^ ^58 caust. ot fumn, 

FuMASHi j To cause to walk on, tread, or 
step on. 

Fdmbabi,-btj yi^?<fi' ]$^ i.v. (coll.) To 
spread out the legs ; to straddle ; to strut : 
fumbatte aruku, to walk with long steps. 

FuaiBATAOABi,-Bu 7 s^?<9 :J> >^ 5^ >§, i.v. (coll.) 
To straddle ; to stmt ; to walk with a proud 
gait ; to swagger. 

Syn. BAKXO BUBU. 



FuMBETSU 7 v^ 7 ^ ;^] {wakimae) n. Judg- 
ment, discrimination, disoemment; diatinc- 
tion, difference ; a plan, expedient : — euru, 
to judge of, discriminate ; — fM nai Jiito da^ 
person of no judgment. 

tFcMBiTO y ^\£\* n. A chronicler; i.q./u6ito. 

FuMBO 7 2^3}^ ^H Q' A tomb, grave: — no 
chi, one's native place. 
Syn. HAKA. 

FuMB.-BU 7 > ^ pot. of fumi. Can tread or 
step upon; to be able to estimate or ap- 
praise. 

FuMEi 7 >» -f ;^Bfl {akiraka naranu) Not clear; 
not plain ; vague : — no eetsu. 

tFntiBSi,-Kn y jf 9 i*v. To buzz, as a mosquito. 

FOmi y tp I A^ n. Flavor; taste. 
Syn. AjiWAi. 

FuMi 7 5 ^ n. A writing of any kind; a book; 
a letter written by a female: — wo kaku; — 
wo yaru ; — wo hiraku ; — wo tiukeru ; — 
wa yonvji. 

Syn. TBOAMI, KASIMONO. 

FuMi,-uT7 7 A ^ t.v. To tread on ; to step 
on, walk on, trample on ; to estimate or guess 
at the price of a thing : kurai wo fumu, to 
reign, sit on the throne; michi wo tdri nagara 
hebi wo funda, whilst going along the roisui I 
trod on a snake ; n^dan wo — , to estimate the 
value ; mekata wofunde mi'ru, to guess at the 
weight ; yakutoku wo — , to perform a promise. 

FUMI-ABABHI,-SU 7 5 T 9 ^ 88 /TL *'^- ^O do- 

stroy, spoil, or lay waste by treading or Tvalk- 

ing over. 
FuMiBAKo y I ^<:i ^ j^ u. A box used for 

carrying letters or books ; a dispatch box. 
Syn. PUBAKO. 
FuBfiDAi 75y>f5&^n. A stool. 
FuMXDAN y l^^ ^ii n, A stepping block ; 

a step-ladder, stool. 
Syn. ruMiTSUGi. 
■j-FuMiDONo y % 1^ J n, A library. 
FoMioi 7 5 ¥ n. A treadle. 
FnMiHAi>AKABi,-Bn y \j\9tf1 ^ 88R !•▼- To 

straddle, or stand with the legs stretched 

apart. 
FuMiHAJiuE y \ j\%^ :ft n. The first writing 

of the new year. 
Syn. KASisosfE. 

FUMI-HAZU8HT,-8U 7 \ ^^ */ '^^ W ^ *'^- To 

make a misstep ; to trip, stumble. 
FuMi-KABUBi,-BU 7 5 * ^ ^ i-v. To step into 

anything and get soiled with it : doro no naka 

ye—. 
Fuui-EATAME,>Bu y I t 9 jf ^ t6& ^o harden 

by treading or walking on. 
Fxnn-KiBi,-BU 7 ^ ^ ;t. t.v. To cut in two, or 

break by treading or stepping on. 
FuMi-KOE,-Bu y I ztocA- Sg j|| t.v. To walk 

across, tread over, step across: kdri wo — , to 

walk over the ice. 

FUMX-KOMI,-MU 7 5 3 A 3^3^ t.V. To Btep 

into, walk into, rush into: mizu-damari ye , 

to step into a puddle of water. 
Fuin-K0B08Hi,-8u 7 ^ =1 p :^ JSg fi t.v. To kill 
by treading or stamping on. 



FUM 



95 



FUN 



FUMI-KUDAKI.-KO 7 \ 9 if 9 5%* F? t.v. To 
break by treading on ; to Btam^) to pieces. 

FiJMi-MAYoi,-ou 7 \ ^ % y 8S ai i.v. To 
wander from the way. 

Fu-MiMOCHi 7 \^^ ^^l^n. (coll.) Miscon- 
dact;t]ii8b6baviour. 

FuMi-NAosHi,-si3 7 5 -^^Jt 3^ Sfi iff t.v. To re- 
gain one^s footing ; to correct a misstep. 

Pr3n-NABASHI,-SU 7 5-^9^ ^iA t'V- To 
make a noise with the feet in walking ; (^^^) 
to level by treadiug ou. 

F0MI-XIJIRI,-BU 7 \ :=- ^ f^ l^jXL *•▼• To 

crash, or grind with the foot or heel; to 

trample on. ^ Syu. jCrin. 
Fnu-oKisHi.-SD 7 \ ^ i3 ^ 5SJ& *•▼• To 

tread npoa (of something dangerous or care- 
less of injury) : %jaiha wo — , to tread upon a 

sword (regardless of injury). 
Fum-OTOSHi.-su 7 ^ ir h :^ 5B ^ t-v- To 

throw down by treading on, as anything from 

a height. 
|Fcin-SAKUMi,-MU 7 5 "^^ ^ A t.v. To tread 

upon and rend : iwa wo — . 
Fusn-sASHi 7 ^ 1^ S^ n. A frame or rack for 

holding papers. 
FuMi-sHiiu,-KU 7 5 i^^ t.v. To tread upon 

and spread out, or level. 
FuMi-SHiTAKif-KU 7 % 9^ Sf i^ t.v. l.q. fumi- 

thiku. 
Fuw-TiosHi.-su 7 5 ^ 7 ^ ® ^I t.v. To throw 

over by stepping on, as anythixig standing. 
tFuinTB 7 5 T ici- ftide. 

FCMI-T0D0MAW,-RU 75>l*'rX-56'8lf i.V. To 

halt, make a stand : — te tatakau. 
Ftjmi-t8tjbubhi,-8U 7 ^ !? ^ :^ 5B 9t *-^* To 

break, crush, or mash with the foot ; to stamp 

to pieces. 
Futo-TscK«,-BU 7^7^ Jig fit t.v. (coll.) To 

tread on, step on, treat with contempt ; to 

trample on: hito wo fumUsuke ni surut to 

trample on others. 
Fumx-tsutobi,-bu 7 ? 5» 3 a- t.v. To plant 

.one*8 feet against anything to rasist violence. 
Fumitb 7 ^ jk 3^ I^ n. A picture, or metal 

image upon which foreigners landing from 

their ships as well as all natives residing in 

Nagasaki were required in the time of the 

Shog^ins to tread, in order to prove they were 

not Christians. 
FuuizuKA 7 ^ ^ ^ n. A monument erected in 

honor of a scholar. 
Fumiztjki 7 ^ '/ 4* :d: ^ u. The 7th month 

(o.c). 
tFuMizuKUE 7 \ */ 9^ T^» A writing table ; 

i.q. fuznkue. 
iFuMMAKi 7 v' ^ 4* n. A roll ; volume (of a 

book). 
FuMMYo 7 v^ 3 ^ ^B^ Clear; plain; distinct. 

Syn. AKIBASA. 

FcMo 7 ^ i> TCs ^ Waste; uncultivated; 

barren ; sterile: — na chi^ uncultivated land. 
fFuxoDASHi 7 % y s^ n. Shackles ; fetters = 

hodashi. 
Ftuas 7 ^ « i^ JS R n- (med.) The sore made 

by moxa. 



FuMOTO 7 ^ h )K n. The base or foot of a 
mountain : — no chaya^ tea-house at the foot 
of the hill. 

fFuMPANACHi 7v-^;-hf- n. A Bpring= 
bane. 

FuMPATSu 7 i>^j\y £ S ^^\ eagerness ; exer- 
tion ; enthusiasm : — »uru^ to become ardent, 
eager, zealous, enthusiastic ; to be excited, oz 
roused to action from idleness, or inactivity: 
— thite gakumon ntru, ardent in the pursuit 
of learning. 
Syn. 7UNOEKI. 

FuMPUN 7 v/ V ts^ ts^ adv. In a confused 
manner; in a dispersed manner ; scattered here 
and there : ki no ha ga kaze ni fumpun to 
ochirUt the leaves fell scattered by the wind ; 
Jiana ga fumpun to niyou, the fragrance ol 
flowers was diffused all around. 

FoN 7 V ^ n. The tenth part of a iiioniin«= 
6.80 grs. Troy ; a minute: ippun, one fun; ni- 
fun, two /im; go — , five minutes. 

Fun 7 V I^ (ko) n. Fine powder: kimpun^ 
gold-dust ; powdered gold ; gimpun, powdered 
silver; ntempun, wheat-flour; teppun^ pow- 
dered iron. 

FiJN 7 V Jf n. Dung ; feces : A*o»o neko wa 
fun-shi ga warui, the cat is fllthy in her habits ; 
tori no — . 
Syu. Kuso. 

FuNA 7 ■^ f}^ n. A kind of river fish, like a 
carp ; Carassins lougsdorfii. 

FuNA-AKiNDo 7 ■^ 7 =V 3^ b* u. A merchant who 
traffics on ship-board, or by boat. 

FuxA-ASHi 7 •^ 7 S^ n. Ballast. 

FcNA-ASOBi 7•^7ytf l!;^^i^' Boating for 
pleasure ; a boat excursion. 

FcNABA 7 •^ '^ ^ J^ u. A place where boats 
or ships are used ; a sea port ; a place where 
ships can touch. 

Syn. MINATO, FUNAT8UKI. 

fFuNABABA 7 ■^ /^ 9 n. The hull of a boat or 
ship. 

FcNABASHi 7 -^ *< l^ flo 3|$ n, A bridge of 
boats ; a pontoon bridge. 

FuNABATAl 7■^/C>r ^ n. The gunwale of 

FuNABEBXj a boat, or bulwarks of a ship. 

FuNABiTO 7 ■^ b* > -ft- A n. (poet.) Sailors ; 
boatmen ; a passenger. 
Syn. SENDo 

FuNACHiN 7 '^ f- V ^ ^ n. Passage money ; 
boat fare ; freight. 

FuNADACHi 7■^^f• n. Setting-sail: — sum, 

FuNADAiKu 7 ^ if A 9 f^^:x» n. A ship- 
carpenter ; a ship-builder ; boat-builder. 

FuNADAMA 7 •^ ^ ^ -jlij- i n. The god of 
ships, worshipped by sailors. 

FuNADANA 7 ■^ ^ ■^ n. A shelf, closet, or bunk 
of a ship. 

FuNADATOBi 7 •^ ^ 3 9 'ft" ft {binscn) n. 
Ship-opportunity ; opportunity to go or send 
by a ship : Osaka ye •— ga aru, there is an 
opportunity of going or sending to Osaka by 
ship ; or, a ship is about to sail for Osaka. 

FnNADB 7 •^ r n. Setting Boil^shuppan ; — 
sum. 



FUN 



9G 



FUN 



FuMADoiTA 7■^^*>f"V #lSJ®n. A com- 
zniBdon house for goods brought by ship ; a 
shipping merchaut. 
Syn. KAisBM-DorrA. 

FuNADOMABi 7 "M^ 'T 9 D. Stopping by ship 
at a place for a short time : Kobe minato ni — 
«t4rtt, to touch at Kdbe. 

FuNA-noMB 7 -^ 1^ > n. Stopping ships from 
entering ; a blockade. 

fFuNADo-Mo-KAMi 7 -^ I? ^ jST 1 u. The god of 
roads, mrho protects the roads against e?il 
spirits. 

FuMAOAXARx y ■)• if fj }f #1f n* Anchoring, 
or making fast a ship or boat : — wo turu, to 
anchor ; — shite oni, to be at anchor. 

FunAOASssM, \ y ■i' if y -^ >• t^'^lfi^' A 

FuNAisusA [ naval battle. 

FuNAGi 7 -^ ^ n. Timber for building boats 
or ships. 

Fdhaoiyoi,-ou 7 ■^ 4^ * 7 i.v. To race or 
emulate in going by boat. 

FuMAOO 7 •^ =f n. Sailor=/ffl^o, $uifu. 

FuNAGOTA yi-zf-Y fl^fhl^ n. A house or 
shed under which ships or boats are built or 
kept. 

FuNAou 7 •^ / n. The rigging or furniture of 
a ship. 

FuNAouRA 7-^/?/t!^]fn. A dock for keep- 
ing ships or boats. 

FuNAHiKi 7 ■^ b ^ n. One who tows a boat : 
— nawa, a tow-line ; — michit a tow-path. 

tFuNA-i 7 ■^ ^ n. Anchoring a boat or ship. 

FuNAji y 9 ^ ftt 5& n« The way, or distance 
by ship ; the route of a ship : — xoa oyono ihu 
ten ri, about how many thousand miles is 
it by ship? S Jiang hai ye no — wa dochira 
too ytiku^ by what route does a ship go to 
Shanghai ? 

FuNAJiROSHi 7 -^ s^ ^ J^ n. A ship's ensign 
or flag. 

FuNAEA 7 -^ ^ n. Not on good terms; disagree- 
ment. 

FuMAKAKE 7 ■^ * >• n. A boat-race. 
Syn. XBI8HC. 

FuNAKATA y -f-ij St # t!; n. Sailors ; boat- 
men. Syn. SENDO. 

FoNAKAZARi 7 -^ ^ -^f 9 h. Decoratiug or em- 
bellishing a ship : — turn. 

Fdnako 7 ■^ 3 -fl}- -^P n. A sailor, boatman. 

FoNASOBORi y -^ aaf 9 tS:^ ^' A person 
saved from shipwreck. 

fFuNAKURABE 7 ■^ ^ 9 ^ u. A boat-race= 
funakahe, 

FonamanjO y-i'^i^i'^ ft^Hia n» MM A 
ship's prostitute. 

FuNAMioHi y -f- li- n. The course of a ship; 
also, the wake of a ship. 

FuNAMOCHi 7-^*f• jfcl^n. A ship-owner. 

FuNAMOTOi 7 -J- ^ 3 b n. Preparing a boat 
or ship for sailing. 

FuNAMUSHi 7 •^ A 3/ n. A kind of wood louse 
that infest boats. 

FuNANi 7 -h ^ n. Cargo. 

FuMAORosBi y -ttv i^ Hl^^ n* Launching 
a ship. 



FuNAosA y -^-ff flS:-jk ^' ^^^ captain of i 
fhip. Syn. sbmchO. 

FuMATsuxz 7 -^ 9 ifi ff: ^f- Jk, Anchoring; 
anchorage ; a place where boats or ships stop, 
or anchor. Syn. xinato, rnnABA. 

FuNAUTA 7-^<rir^|p:n. A boat song. 

FuNAWATA y -^-y St n. Oakum. 

Syn. MAIHADA. 

FuNAWATASHi 7-^7if8^i|S»Jj[n. A ferry. 
FuKATADO 7 -Mr b* jlf:^ D- A Bailor's inn; a 

boat-house; a person who keeps boats for 

hire. 
FuNAYAXATA 7 ■^ "V ^ ^T n. The house or 

pavilion on a pleasure boat. 

FuNATOBAi 7 -^ 3 /\ b n. Calling a boat, as 

at a ferry. 
FuNATosox 7 -^ 9 V b Hk ^' Fitting out ox 

preparing a ship for passengers, or for t 

battle. 
tFuHATU 7 ■»• ^ n. Bilge-water=a*a. 
FuNATUSAN yi-a.'^y^ l^aStyU »• A boat 

excursion for pleasure. 
FuNAzoxo 7 -^ */ =1 # /£ n. A ship's bottom; 

a kind of covering for the head. 
FuNAZUMX 7 ■^ 5^ 5 -/fr JjJ n. Loadin<; a ship : 

kon-niehi — wo itcuhinumtt I shall put in 

carp;o to-day ; kon-niehi — de gotiiriinasu, this 

is the day for loading cargo. 
fFuNDE 7 V r u. i-q- fiide. 
FuNDEi 7 V r >f f^ }ft n. A kind of gilt paint. 
FcNDo \ y i^ if tr -^H^i n. The weights of 
FuNDON t a weighing beam, or scales. 
Fdxdo 7>'1^ jt i. n. Dung. 
FuNoo 7 V 1^ ^<^ ^' Anger ; indignation. 

Sjn. ikid5ri, haratacbi, ikarx. 
FoNDoaHX 7 V 1? i*' S^ n. The cloth wcm 

around the loins ; a waist-cloth. 

Syn. TUMOJI, ITA-OBI. 

FuNE 7<^ A!^ n. A boat, ship; a vat; the 
large tub in a bath house : — tio kO-ita, the 
deck of a ship ; — no hogetn, the yards o\ a 
ship ; — no liozuna^ the halyards of a ship ; 
— no kajiy the rudder of a ship ; — no tomo^ 
the poop of a ship ; — no omote, the bow of 
a ship ; — no ho^ the sail of a ship ; — no ho- 
bashira, the masts of a ship ; — no aka^ bilge 
water ; — wo kogu, to scull a boat ; — wo 
moyau, to lash boats together ; — wo kakeru, 
to anchor a ship ; — wo magiru, to tack ; — 
wa ittu goro d«ma<ii, when does the ship sail? 
itsH goro — ga koehira ye Uukimathd ka^ 
when do you think the ship will arrive ? — 
ga yurerUt the boat rocks ; — ni noru, to 
embark, or sail in a ship ; — ni yd, to be sea- 
sick ; — de yuftii, to go by ship ; ni wo — ni 
tsumUf to load cargo ; — no kawara, the flat 
bottom of a boat. 

Fdne-hiki-michi 7:jLb^^f* S&^ n* A path 
on which men walk in towing boats up a 
river ; tow-path. 

FuNEi 7 ^ ^ ^ fS pron. I, in speaking hum* 
bly of one's self. 
Syn. sussHA. 



FUN 



97 



FUR 



FuKOBKi 7 V / ^ fJtSS: — *"'«'» excited; 
roused into passion ; animated ; inflamed by 
anger ; forious. 
Syn. iKmdBU. 

FcnoiBi.-BU 7 1^ if A' t.T. (coll.) i.q. /iimifct'ri. 

FuKo6 yi^-^y 8^^ — sum, to harmonize, 
agree, accord. 

FuKOOXi y z^zf\ jggiNn. A kind of pan- 
taloon tied around tile knee ; breeches. 

FuKLLi 7 r: T b ^ jK ^ (coll.) Unbecoming ; 
not to fit; unsuitable ; improper. 

FuNiKU y ^i^ Sf ?^ n« (coll.) Gangrene; morti- 
fication. 

FuNiH 7 ^ V :^ tt n. Liability ; responsibility. 

Frimij6. 7ii*'S^3T> :^A.tHf («>U-) Unkind ; 
inhuman ; cruel ; without natural affection. 

S3'n. FUJITSU, HAKDJ5, MASAKBNAI. 

Fnxnsso y:s.>'fif ^Aft n. (coll.) A bad 

physiognomy. Syn. aku-so. 
FuNJi, FuNZUBU 7 V i? >u t.v. i.q. fuji. 
FusjiTSU 7V5?7 j^^ To lose: — iWto, 
have or was lost. 
Syn. usHiNAc, nakunabu. 
FuKX£i 7 ^ ^ "f 19) iS n. Lit. cutting off one's 
own head : — no ma;iu7art=mo8t intimate 
friendship. 
FuNKi 7 V i|» 'ff ^ n. Upheaval. 
FuNKOTsu 7^37 f^^ (hone wo ho ni sum) 
Pulverziug the bones ; (met.) to exert to the 
utmost; to labor to do; do with one's might. 
Syn. honb wo obu. 
FcxrwA 7V:^!7'J;^n. An eruption of fire: 

— z<tfi, a volcauo. 
FuNMAN 7 3^ ▼ V \HWi °' Resentment ; irrita- 
tion ; exasperation ; indignation : — ni taezu. 
FCnori y ^ J ^ |^#in. A wafer ; sealing 
wax ; gum used for sealing letters. 
Syn. fCjibO. 
FuNORi 7^9 '^ g n. A kind of seaweed, 

used for glazing and starching. 
FuNBAN 7 v 9 i^ ft- ^L {midareru) — sum, to 
be disturbed ; to be in commotion or confusion. 
FuinuN 73^93^^)Sn* A grain ; a farthing; 
the smallest particle: — mo machigawanu, 
not the slightest mistake. 
Syn. G(}Bi. 
FuhbtO 7 ^^ 9 ^ I^ ^ n« (med.) An encysted 

tumor, wen. 
FuNSKN 7 V is V f^ |B( ~ f Ufii, to fight furi- 
ously. 
FuHsrr 7 5^ X ^ »( ;X A jet or spouting forth 

of water. 
FxTRsuixi 7s^^#4^ »J|;JCSn. A machine 

for spouting water. 
FxTNUKB 7 5C >• n. (coll.) Foob'sh; silly; stupid; 
an ass, blockhead, dunce : — me, a fool : — 
yard, id.; — mono da; — ni naru, 
Fu»-trn 7 i^ ♦ V 1^ jjS (motsure) n. Contro- 
versy ; dispute : — ga okoru, 
+FuKTA-wABAwA y 3^^ j; ^ ^\ u. A school- boy. 
Fu-ntS -y s^-Yt^ t.9k^> Rich, wealthy ; fertile : 

— cki, fertile land. .9) 
Fu-WToeo 7 — 9 '> 7 y(^^^^ (hono gotoku na- 
rasu) Contrary to rule or law ; unlawful : im- 
moral ; depraved ; dissolute. 

m3 



FuNTO-i 7 ^ 3 >f ^ iP iS (kokoro no omou yd 
ni narazu) Not to one's mind ; disagreeable ; 
unpleasant; annoying; offensive; inconveni- 
ent: uchi ga — ni naru, thu family are in 
want. Syn. ruJiO. 

FuNzoRi,-RU 7 V /^ i.v. (coU.> I'o stretch or 
curve the body backward while lying down ; 
to bend backward : ano nama-ei wa funzori- 
kaette abareru. 

FcBAOHi 7 9f* y^f^ (coll.) Wicked; vicious;, 
rude ; unprincipled ; abandoned ; lawless : — 
na yatsu. 

FuBA-FUBA y ^ y ^ adv. (coll.) In a limber 
manner; unsteady; tottering; dizzy: — to 
memai ga shite kita, to swoon, or faint away : 
me ga — to «?tni, eyes are dizzy. 

FOrai 7 ^5^ 7 ^ JR ^ (coll.) Coming as if blown 
by the wind; having no owner or certain dwell- 
ing place : — mono, a thing that comes season- 
ably. 

FuBANBB 7 ^ :jL >u (Eug.) n. Flannel. 

Fdbanku 7 9 i^^ vi (French) n. A frano= 
17.1 sen. 

FuBABi-TO 7 9 9 ^ fl? ^ adj. (coll.) In a 
thoughtless, careless manner; ramblingly: 
kodomo wa — deta, the child has wandered 
out. Syn. FDTO. 

FuBASHi,-8o) 7 9 >^ ^?^ caust. of furu. To 

FnBA8B,-BU ) cause to shake, or to rain : kami 
sama wa an^e wofiiraseru, God makes it rain. 

FuBAsuKo 7 9 :^ =t i^;}$t£ (Dutch) n. A flask, 
bottle. 

FuBA-TSUKi,-Ku 7 9 7^ i.v. (coll.) To be 
shaky ; trembling ; unsteady ; loose ; totteriug. 

FuBB y ui^ %r o. A notification; government 
proclamation. 
Syn. FUKOKU. 

fFuBB y u n, A village, town=mura. 

FuBE,-Bu y uA. JKt.v. To touch, hit, strike 
against in passing ; to graze, brush against ; 
to publish, make known, promulgate ; to breaks 
infringe (a rule) : tewo — , to touch the hand 
to anything; hei nifureru, to brush against a 
fence; meni — , to get a glimpse of ; kimi no 
ikari ni fureta, to incur the master's anger ; 
jikd ni fureru, to be affected by the climate ; 
yamai nifuteru, to contract disease; kimi ni 
— , to offend, or hurt the feelings ; okite ni 
— , to break the laws; ofure wo fureru, to 
publish a proclamation ; kwaijo de fureru, to 
publish by a circular; ofure, a goverumeut 
proclamation. 

Syn. ATABU, TSUOBRU, HIROMERU. 

FuBB,-BU 7 uA' i.v. Turned or bent from the 
proper or straight line; deflected; canted; 
inoUned: ki ga fareru, to be out of one's 
mind; crazy; ie ga fur eta, the houRc is not 
trim ; migi yefureta, canted towa'^'l the right.. 
Syn. OHiOAU, maqaru. 

FuBK-OHiBASHi.-au 7 t^f* 9 ^ ^HX. tv. (coll.)' 
To circulate; give publicity; make known here 
and there (generally in a bad sen.se). 

FuBB-DASHI.-gU 7W^X ^ ^^fe t.V. (coll.) To 

publish ; make proclamation ; circulate • 
notice. 



PUR 98 

FuBB-OASx y u^^ fg^ ni A proclamation ; 

a public notice. 
FuBBi y u^ # <^ Notification: — suru, to 

notify, publish, make known publicly. 
Syn. FUKdKU. ^■ 

FuREi y u ^ ^ ^i] {tiune narazu) Not in 

usual health ; unwell : go — ni toatarase-tamau, 

id. 
FuBEN 7 1^5^ ^jR *dj. (coll.) — nam, high 

in price ; dear : kono shina wa — da. 
FuBENAOASBX 7^-^^v' u. A proclamation, 

notification. 
FuRB-NA0SHi,-8U y i^ "^ 9 5^ gj 3£ t.v. To issue 

a notice correcting or countermanding a 

previous order. 
FuBB8ASE,-BU \ y \^ "f -^ f^ <^g| caust. of 
FuBESHi&iE.-Bu j fareru. To cause to be pub- 
lished ; to make another to publish. 

FnBE-8HlEA8B,-BU 37 t-fS^^*^ ^ fS ^ *-^' 

To make known by proclamation ; to publish 
abroad ; to tell publicly. 

FuBi 7 9 ^ n. Numeral for swords : naginata 
hito furi, one halberd; tachi mi furi, three 
long swords. 

FuBi 7 9 n. A pendulum. 

FcBi 7 9 HI n. Manners ; behavior ; deport- 
ment ; air ; gait ; carriage : furi no warui hito, 
a person of bad manners, or awkward gait ; 
nari /uri, the dress, style of dress; minufuri 
vo sum, to act as if not seeing. 
Syn. Tdsn, katachi, buoata, nabi. 

Fdbi,-bu y j^ f?^ (kudam) i.v. To fall, as rain : 
amegafuru, it rains; yuki ga futte kita, it 
has begun to snow ; sakuban shimo ga futta, 
there was frost last night. 

Fdbi,-bu 7 A' i^ t.v. To brandish, wave, 
flourish ; to shake ; to turn away : katana wo 
furu, to brandish a sword; te wo futte aruku, 
to walk swinging the arms ; iya da to itte 
ktibi wofutta, shook his head, saying he would 
not; waki-me vwfurazu, not to turn the eyes 
ofl of anything ; kokoro mofurazUj not to turn 
the mind off of anything ; to be intent upon ; 
mikoshi wo — , to carry a mikoshi, 

Fubi,-bu y A' iSSt t.v. To pass, or spend time : 
Yokohama ni ite toihi wo furu koto go nen, 
spent five years living in Yokohama; toihi 
furu mama nt, as one grows old. 
Syn. hbbu, oeubu, suoibu. 

FuBi-AZ 7 9 7b ^ -^ n. Usual practice ; 
usage ; custom ; example. 

Syn. BEI, NABAWASHI. ^ 

FuBiDASHi 7 9 ^«^ n. An infusion. 

FuBx-DA8Hi,-su 7 9 ^^^ Jft^ *•▼• or i.v. (coll.) 
To shake out ; to make an infusion ; f^ ^ to 
begin to rain : koaho wo — , to shake out pep- 
per ; ame ga furi-dathta, it has begun to rain. 

-JFdbidb 7 9 5r n. A deep red color. 

FuBi-OANA 7 9 jif -^ n. The kana written at 
the side of a Chinese character to explain 
its meaning. 

'tFuBiHAB,-BU 7 9 -''^ -^ ^^ t-v. To shake, wave, 
(as the long sleeve in walking). 

FuBi.HANACHi,-TBu y ^ j\ ^ y ^ ^ t.v. To 
shake off ; shake loose. 



FUR 



FuBi.HABAi,-Au 7 9 -'^ 9 7 ^^ flj t-v. To Bhsk« 
off, as dust. 

FUBI-KAKE,-BU 7 9*^^ iH # *-^' ^0 

sprinkle. 
FuEi-KAE,-BU 7 9 ^ ^ ^^ fe a^ t.v. To look 

round ; to look back ; (jg ^-) to turn anything 

round. 
Fdbi-kibi,-bu 7 9 ^ a* Wl^ t-v. To part in 

two by shaking. 
Fdri-komebabe,-bu 793>9i^'>^ ?fti^1i 

Detained in the house by rain -■ ame ni furi- 

komerareta, id. 
Fubi-komi.-mu 7 9 3 a i.v. To rain into (also 

t.v. coll.) to pay for a bill of exchange : ame 

ga ie ni — ; kaivase wo ginkd ni — . 
Fdri-mawashi,-sd 7 9 V y X i^ ^ t.v. To 

brandish about : katana wo — , to brandish a 

sword. 
Fdri-muki,-ku 7 9 a ^ ^^ !•▼• To turn 

round towards ; to turn and face ; to face. 
FOrin 7^92^^$^n. A small bell hung 

up to be shaken by the wind. 
FoRiN 7 9 >' ;T^ f« Ill-matched ; badly mated ; 

(as husband and wife). 
fFuRiNisHi ) 7 9 ^ > Ancient; old: — Mto, 
JFuRiNiTABu j an ancient place. 
FuRi-OKosHi,-sn 7 9 :!* 3 5^ t.v. To shake u^, 

to rouse up : kokoro wo — , to nerve one*B 

self up to action. 
Fdri8Akemi,-ru y }) -^ ^ ^ ^ Wl'S. Su To look 

up at ; to look afar off, as at the ocean : ama 

no liara furi'Sakemireba. 
FoRi8HiKi,-KU 7 9 i^ ^ i.v. To rain ; to rain 

hard : ame ga — . 
FuRis6 7 9 •9" ^ [^ ^g Appearance of or threat- 

ening to rain : — de gozarimasu, it looks like 

rain 
Furisode 7 9 y r ^ # n. Long pendulooa 

sleeves ; a garment having long sleeves. 
FuRi-8UTE,-Bu 7 9 ^ ^ ^i- 4^ fe t.v. To throw 

away , to fling away ; abandon. 
FuRi-TATB,-BU 7 9 if T >«' t.v. To shake; raise 

up : koye wo — , to raise the voice. 
FuRi.T8UKB,-BU y ^ y ^ A. Ife^ t.v. (coll.) To 

turn away from in dislike : hito wo — . 
FcRi-TSuzDiii,-KU 7 9 y */^ ?$I8| i.v. To rain 

for several successive days. 
FcBi-TJRi 7 9 ^ 9 J^^ n. A peddler; one 

who hawks goods about : — wo sum, to peddle 

goods. 
FuR^wAKE-OAMi y V V iT if I l^^^n. Hair 

parted and hanging down=/iaiiurt. 
FuRizoBA 7 9 7*7 P$ S D' ^ claady My 

that looks like rain. 
FuBizuMBAi y^)*/i^/^^ n. A sling. 
FuBO 7 P H "JS n. A bath-tub ; a box for 

drying lacquered ware in ; an oven ; a small 

culinary furnace : — ni iru, to go into a bath- 
tub ; mushi-buroj a vapor-bath ; — wo tatcru^ 

to prepare a hot-bath. Syn. tudosio. 
FoRo 7 9^ 5C ^ n. The elders, or honorable 

persons of a plac^ 
FuRO 7 9^ :^ ^ Never growing old ; always 

young : — no jutsu ; '^fu-shi no kusurit the 

ehxir of life. 



FUR 99 

FCbo 7 i> n 1^ ^ ^ n. Sealing wax. 

FuROBA 7 n >< A -^ ^ n. A bath-room. 

FcBoruKi 7n7^S<Sv^n. A kind of food 
made of boiled radishes. 

FuBOFnKi,-Kn y n y 9 t.v. To cleanse the 
body by means of a hot air bath. 

FuBOKU y n 9 pft fie D* An appendix to a 
book ; supplement ; extra to a newspaper ; 
codicil to a wUl: koioha wo shu-i $hite — 
suru. ^ 

FcBosHiA 7«S^"V ^IJl&S'i- Prussia. 

FusosHixi y^l^^JS,y&9i^' A cloth used 
for wrapping. 

Fu»UBi,-Ru y jn^'^A' -^ i.v. To become old 
and faded ; to be time-worn ; to grow old. 

FuBucHi 7 >^ f- ^ ifa (lit- old blood) n. The 
hemorrhage after parturition. 

FuBUDoou y^^^i^-i-^^n. Old furni- 
ture : second-hand furniture ; — yih ft shop 
where old furniture is sold. 

Pusuoi 7 A^ ijf -i" ^ n. Old clothes , second- 
hand clothing. 

FuBUoiBB y ft^Jifu -^^^ n. Old rags. 

FuBTJHON 7 A- 4c 2<^ n. Old or second- hand 
books : — yay second-hand book store. 

FcBui,-tJ y A-f; j^ i.v. or t.v To shake ; to 
sift ; to tremble, shiver, shudder ; to exercise 
power or infiuence over others; to stir up, 
arouse; to be aroused ; to flourish : kimono wo 
— , to shake one's clothes ; tamukute furUf 
to shiver with cold ; osorete furU, to tremble 
with fear ; iya de mi-burui ga iuru^ to shud- 
der with disgust ; udanko wo -— , to sift flour ; 
ji ga /unit the earth quakes ; ikioi wo — , to 
exercise authority ; t wo tenka ni — , to make 
one*8 power felt over the whole empire ; kuni 
no ikioi futatabi furuwazu, the state did not 
regain its power. 

Fuaui 7 ^t' b fi n. A seive. 

FuBUi 7 A' b ^ ^ n. A trembling tremor ; 
shaking; shivering: — ga okoru, to have a 
trembling ; mizukara furui, to encourage one's 
self. 
FoBUi,>xi-sBi 7 A' >f -jr adj. Old ; ancient ; 
stale ; decayed by time : — 1«, an old house ; 

— kimono, old worn-out clothes ; furuki wo 
tazunete atarathiki wo zhiru (prov.). 

FrrBiTiWAKB.-Bn 7>^b7^>^S^ t.v. To 

separate by sifting. 
FuBTjKAsns y *^1l!^ ^Htn. Old metal. 
fFxTBCKi 7 A' ^ n. The sable ; sable -skin : — 

no kawaginu^ garment of — . 
FcBUKOTO 7 A* 3 > n. An ancient thing ; 

ancient custom, or way; antiquities. 
FcBUKTj ) y A' 9 -^ adj. Furuku natta, has 
FubC / become old : — gozarimam^ it is old ; 

— turn, to make look old and faded. 
FcBUKUsii,>Ki y ^ 9 "f ^ -^ ^ Bd}. Old 

fashioned ; antiquated ; ancient ; obsolete : — 

uta, an old fashioned song. 
FuBTTiCAi 7 A* V u ^$^ n. Deportment ; be- 

havioni ; conduct : tachi-furumai^ id. 
Syn. OKOKAi. 
FuBUMii,-A\i 7 A* < 7 4^ t.v. To entertain ; 

to treat ; to feast : chlid shite hito ni — , to 



FUS 



give a feast to a person ; umat mono wo — , to 
treat one to something sweet. 

Syn. CHISO SUBU, MOTENASU. 

Fdbuuai 7 >^ -r b n. Feast ; entertainment. 
Syn. CHISO, shuyen, kt6-6. 

FuBUMEKASHn,-Ki-Ku 7 >^ > * 5^ 'f adj. Old ; 
antiquated ; ancient ; obsolete. 

FuBU-NA 7 j»- -^ n. The name of one of Shaka's 
ten disciples who was celebrated for his elo- 
quence : — no ben detno ikenai. 

FoBUBA y A^-^ -^ n. The oldness; antiquity. 

FuBusATo y A^ -^ \- -jr #)S n. Native place ; 
place of one's birth ; an ancient place. 
Syn. KOKTo. 

FuBusHi,-sn y A^vf^ t.v. To use for a long time i 
to cast away, or be tired of, as an old worn 
out thing : sumi-furushita t«, a house in which 
one has lived a long time ; ware wo furusu na, 
don't cast me away. 

FuBusn 7 A' ^ n. (poet.) The old nest ; old 
home ; ancient haunt. 

FuBUTE y A'T "JT ^ z^* Second-hand article 
of any kind : — ya, & second-hand clothing 
store ; — kan^ to buy second-hand. 
Syn. ruBUGi. 

FuBuwA8Hi,-su y A'/sjf, S5 ^ **^* ^^ causc 
to shake or tremble : mi wo furuwoihite iru, 
was trembling ; koe wo — , to make the voice 
tremble (as in anger). 

FuBYO 7 9 9 /^ SE (omowazu) Contrary to 
one's expectations; sudden; unexpected: — 
no taiJien ; — no wazawai. 

FcTBTo 7 9 3 ^Jjf n. A prisoner; captive ;= 
toriko 

FuBTo u 9 -V T> X^%. (yokaranu) Not good ; 
bad; evil. 

FuBTOKBH 7 9"V$'>'v;^4S,n. False judg- 
ment ; mistaken opinion ; erroneous view or 
notion: — wo dasu, to form — . 

FCBYtJ 7 ^ 9 !> jSl SH Genteel; refined; 
elegant ; classical ; chaBte. 

Syn. MIYABITAXA, SHABAKU, IKINA. 

fFusA 7 i^ n. Hemp. 

FusA y-f^B. A tKssel ; the corolla of a 
flower ; numeral for flowers, bunches of 
grapes, etc.: budo hito fuSa^ one bunch of 
grapes ; kaki hito — , one cluster of persimmons ; 
— no okii hana. 

Fdsa-fusa 7 •9" 7 ■9" adv. Luxuriantly; in 
clusters. 

FnsAaABE,-Bu y-^ If \^A' pass, oifusagu, Ano 
akindo wa Yokohama wo fusagareta, that mer- 
chant has been shut out of Yokohama. 

FusAGABi,-Bu y'V'if^ m !•▼. To be shut, 
closed, obstructed, blocked up; to be filled 
up or occupied : clui-wan wa mina futagatte 
orut the cups are all in use ; kuchi ga — , the 
mouth is shut ; michi ga — te oru, the roads 
are obstructed ; ki ga — , to be heavy at heart, 
gloomy ; te ga — , hands are full 
Syn. TSUMABU. 

FcsAOABi y -^ -ff "9 n. The state of being 
closed ; obstructed ; unlucky. 

FusAoij-ou 7 l^ / ^ t.v. To shut, close ; to 
stop up, block up, obstruct ; to plug up ; to dam 



FUS 



100 



FUS 



np ; to be in low spirits ; gloomy : me wo — , to 
shut the ejea ; ktichi ipo — , to shut the month ; 
nezumi no aiui V70 — , to stop up a rat hole; 
kawa wo — , to dam up a river ; ki ga futaide 
oni, to feel gloomy. 

Syil. T8U3IEBU. 

Fu-SAi y-f^ -^^ (me-oto) n. Husband and 

wife. Syn. fOfu. 
FusAi 7 1^ >f ;^ :;h Without talent ; no ability ; 

stupidity : — no ko. 
FuBAi 7 '9' >f ^ tJt n. A debt ; indebtedness : 

— ga takusan aru; — ga kcLsamu. 

Syn. OIMB, KABI. 

Fu8Ai,-AU 7 1^7 i.v. To suit, match ; to agree; 
to be becoming : mibun ni — , to suit one's 
station ; (neg.) fusawazu, not suitable ; un- 
becoming. 

FnsAN 7 "9* V ^ Ijl {kitarazu : coll.) Not come. 

FusANKj-UBU y^ ^ A^ t.v. To include ; compre- 
hend ; comprise : ban-ji wo — , to comprehend 
everything. 
Syn. flUBEBU. 

■j-FusANi 7 11' ^ adv. Numerously ; abundantly. 

Syn. SAWANI, OBXTADASHIKU. 

FusABi TO, or FuBSABi TO 7 1^ 9 h adv. Lux- 
uriantly. 
FusASAKUBA 71M^^9 ]$||^u. The verbcua. 
FusASE,-BU [y-^-^A^ ^iK canst, of fushi. 
FusASHiME,-Buj To cause to lie down; to put 

to sleep. 
FusAWANO 7 •'t -'N 5? ^ ^ JB Not suitable ; not 

appropriate ; uncongenial; not good : — iro; 

-fufa. 
FusAWASHiKABAzu 7 IT -'N 5^ * 7 >^ Not Suitable ; 

unbecoming. 
FusATAKA 7-^-V:^ n. Luxuriant; abundant. 
Fuse 7 -te ^A? ^ Q' Alms given to priests : — 

wo guru, to give alms ; fuse-motsUt alms. 
FusE,-BU y-\iA* t.v. To turn bottom up; invert: 

chawan wo — , to turn a cup bottom up ; te wo 

— , to lay the hand prone. 
tFusE-OAifE 7 -tt A* ^ n. A hasp or metal-hook 

for fastening a door. 
FosEOi.-ou 7 -te J^ P^ t.v. To ward off, shut 

out, fend off ; to resist ; to repel, oppose, guard 

against ; teki too fmeguy to resist the enemy ; 

kaze wo — , to keep off the wind ; te de — , to 

ward off with the hand. 
Syn. BooTo bdbu. 

FUSE0I-TATAKAI,-AU y -^ ^ Sf Sf fj y BrfR ^•^' 

To fight off ; to fight and oppose. 
Syn. boseh subu. 
FusEGo 7 -b ^ MS ff °* ^ 1^1^83 basket for 

drying clothes. 
Fusez 7 -te "f ^ lift Indolent ; slothful ; lazy ; 

inactive ; indisposed to exertion. 
Syn. busho. 
FcsEi y ^^ Hf-^ (uki-yo) n. This transient 

world. 
FusEi or Fush6 7 -te -f ^ JE {tadashikaranti) 

adj. Unjust; incorrect ; improper : — no oko- 

«a/, improper conduct. 
FusEisHUTsu 7-b>f»^^7 ;T^-^?b A none- 
such, which has not its like ; extraordinary : 

— no iai, a wife who had not her like. 



fFusEiwo 7 -t( >f lit n. A cottage, hut. 
FusEKi 7 -te 4* FW iS — 'W". to take into one's 

family, or number another in one's family. 
FOsEN 7 ^ -te ^^ K^ n. (lit. air ship) A 

balloon. 
FnsENCi 7is^b't/!^|fn. A hem ; to lay and 

sew a hem. 
FuBBBi,-Bu 7 -b >^ g^. i.v. (coll.) To lie down, 

recline ; to sleep : ftuete oru, is lying down ; 

is in bed. 

Syn. NEBU, TASUMU. 

FnsB-TOTU 7 is h a. n. A pipe buried in the 

earth to drain off water ; drain-pipe. 
FusETSu y-tty ^fS Q- Two pieces of bamboo 

or parts of a seal, used as a tally ; credentials ; 

proof. 
FusETsu y ■\i y f^ t% {ukitaru hanashi) n. A 

rumor ; a saying that has no foundation. 

fSzetsu }7^-b5rffi^n. a rumor, report. 
Syn. fCbun, hyoban, uwasa. 

■fFusEYA 7 -te -Y n. A bed-chamber ; cottage. 

Fdsezei 7 -b -t/ >f 4^ i^ n. An ambuscade. 
Syn. FUKUHEi. 

+FDSHI 7 S^ S^ n. Brush-wood ; fagots ; fire- 
wood. 

FOsHi, FOsuBU 7 ^ SSI i.v. To reprove in 
directly. 

Fn8Hi,-8u 7 X B\. i.v. To lie down, recline; 
("i^) to bend down ; to stoop ; to lie iu ambush ; 
(jif ) to be prostrated : kodomo ga fushite oni, 
the child is lying down ; ki ga kaze de fushi- 
maihita, the tree was thrown down by the 
wind. 

Syn. NEBU, YOSOTAWABU. 

FusHi 7 5^ 5C ^ {oya-ko) n. Father and child. 

Fushi y 5^ ;^5& Immortality; never dying; 
immortal : — no kusuri. 

Fushi y i^ jt fS^ ^ n. Gall-nuts. 
Syn. ooBAiSHi. 

Fushi 7 S^ f|^ n. A joint, knot ; notes, or 
tones of music : fushi-bushit the joint ; ftulU 
ana, a knot hole : — iro Uukeru, to set to 
music; to make the musical marks; take mo 
— , the joint of a bamboo. 

FOsHi y t^i^ ^^ n. Teacher ; master (used 
in addressing). 

FusHiAWASB y a^T-f^-it 7(^ii:^ Unfortunate ; 
misfortune ; bad luck ; calamity : — ni au^ to 
meet with misfortune ; — na hito. 

FusHiDACBi,-Tsu y l^ jt y i.y. To be rongh, 
uneven ; full of knots. 

FnsHino 7 5^ 1^ S^ J^ n. A bed>chamber ; the 
lair of a wild beast. 

FusHioAEi 7 S^ ** ^ n. A hedge of brushwood. 

FusHiGi 7$^^ ^i€>tt Strange; wonderftd; 
surprising; marvellous; miraculous; super- 
natural : — na koto da, it is a wonderful thing ; 
— na koto wo sunt, to work a miracle. 

Syn. AYABHII, EIMYO. 

FusHi-iTO 7 s^ >f h n. Uneven silk thread ; that 
which is full of knots : — ori^ silk stuff woven 
with — . 

FusBi-EABBi,-Bu 7 v' *' 'n >u i.v; To change 
one's position iu sleep ; to turn over. 



PUS 



101 



FUT 



fFcsHiXAKZZoxB 7 i^ :Xr ^ / > n. A dark- 
purple color ; (clothes of this color were 
anciently worn by nobles above the 4tli rank.) 

^Fc8HiK0Bi,-RU y i^zj A' i.v. To be angry. 

FusHncuwsDACHi.-Tsu y i'^ u^y i.v. To be 
noeven, full of knots : kono ita wa fushikure- 
datte f'm, this board is fall of inequalities. 

tFcBHiMACHiNOTSuKi yi^^i'Jy^ u. The 
moon of the 19th day of the 2nd month (o.c). 

FusHMAiioBi.-BU y l^^ xi -/ 'J^flJ i.v. To fall 
and roll over ; fall down : — te naku, 

FwHiMATSD 75^"^5' ^Jtf^ n. Not eco- 
nomical ; not good in management; wasteful. 

|FusHi-iiE 7 3^ J* a Loolang down ; down- 
cast ; sober ; grave : — ni fiarii. 

FuBHi-sTB 7 3^ > IS g u. A knot in wood. 

tFusHi-Mizu y i^ \ */ {j^^JC n. Stagnant 
water ; still water. 

FusHin 7 S^v :^ S tol. Sedition; insubordina- 
tion : — wo shd 8u, 

PusHd 7 i^ V ^JC^ Doubtful; suspicious; 
strange : ehitofuthin utte gordji-matet consider 
a moment about it ; hito ni — ga kakari. 

Syn. IBUKASHn, UTAOAWASHn. 

FrsHix 7 S^ V ^H) n. Building; constructing; 
repairing : — suru, to construct ; to build ; ie 
wo — <ttni, to build a house. 

Syn. TSUKUBU, KlMCHIKUf TATSBU. 

FusHisoAMi yi^i^ifl False hair. 

Syn. TSUKE-OAHI. 

FusHiNOMA y l^ } ^ n. For a short time ; 
a little while. 

Syn. ZANJIf 8HIBABAKU. 

FusHi-ooAiri.-MU y i^tif ^ lA fl *•▼• "To bow 
down and worship. 

PrsBi-sHiBA yi^l^f^ n. Brush-wood; fire- 
wood. 

Fu8Hi-8HizuHi,-Ma 7 »^ S^ "/a I.V. To sink 
down upon the fjround. 

PCsHiTsc 7 i> 5^ 7 XiR n. Rheumatism. 

FusHi-TsuKE 7 s^ r* ir u. Punishment by burn- 
ing with brush-wood. 

FtJ8HIT8UKE,-BU 7 i' 7 ^ A' t.V. To SCt tO 

music ; to mark with musical notes : uta ni — . 
FrsHizuKE y ^z^^ u, A kind of trap made 

of brash- wood for catching fish. 
FusuizuEB y %^*/^ tSFft »• Setting songs 
to znasic; affixing the musical notes ; also, the 
punishment of crucifixion by driving the nails 
throagh the joints. 
FrsBo :7 S^-Y ^ (coll.) — t\m%, to rest satisfied 
with ; to make do ; to be content with ; to put 
up with ; to bear patiently : — thiit kuda- 
sat. 

Syn. SOBAEBU, kamben subu, kannin subu. 
FusHo 7 »^ g ^ ^ tt (nigurezu) Unpleasant ; 
diEagreeable ; unwell; indisposed: — iia otenki, 
unpleasant weather; ftuhd-busho ni tnchite 
yuku, to arise and go in a slow and reluctant 
manzier. 
FusBd :7 -b ^ ^ W {nizu) Having but little 
ability; ignorant; inexperienced'; unworthy; 
(used mostly in self -depreciation) : — nagara, 
although I am unworthy ; — na mono, a stupid 
person ; — no mi naredomo. 



Fu8h6 7 i^-Y i> :^}$f{tagana8hi)Ad}. Unlucky; 

ill-omened ; inauspicious : — na tori, bird of 

ill-omen. 
FusHdCHi 7i^ai>f* ^^^ Not consenting ; 

not acquiescing; unwilling; not conscious of: 

— wo iu ; — da, 

FnsBOKU 7^3^ ^ ^ Q* Lobs of appetite 
or disinclination to eat ; anorexia. 

FuBHOzoN 7 ^^ 9 */ V ^ fi^ ^ Erroneous 
opinion or judgment. Syn. fubtoxbn. 

FusHU 7 3^ ^ ^ n. A captive, prisoner. 
Syn. TOBiKO. 

FcbhO y f; l^y ® ^ (kmt) n. Habit ; 
propensity. 

FusHUBi 7 5^31 tf ^ "^ a Same as hmhuhi, 

FcsSka 7 "9" ^ ^ 7 n. Chinese hybiscus. 

FusoKOKu 7'9'^n^ ^T^ftH ^' Japan. 

FusoKu y V 9 X^%^ {tarann) Insufficient ; de- 
ficient ; not enough ; inadequate ; wanting ; 
discontent : — ciirti, to fall short ; to be in- 
sufficient ; — no kokoTO, discontented ; — wo 
iu, to complain, find fault; hitottu — sum, to 
want one, deficient in one ; nani no — mo nai, 
to be wanting in nothing ; to be contented. 

FusoN y y i^ ^M Not humble ; haughty ; 
proud. 

FD86-6 y^tfti^ ^ t9 ffi Unsuitable ; un- 
becoming; incongruous; inconsistent with: 
bungen ni — , unbecoming one's station. 

Syn. FTTSUBI-AI. 

FusoBoi 7 y n b ^^ Uneven ; not equal ; not 
uniform ; not full ; not complete in number. 

FusUBB 7 ^ ^ n. A black spot. 

FusuBB,-Bu 7 5^.^A' fl{ t.V. To smokc ; to 
expose to smoke ; to fumigate ; to be jealous : 
ka wo — , to smoke out mosquitoes. 
Syn. iBusu, kutorasu. 

FcsUBE-iBO 7?^^^n n. Smoky color. 

+Fu8UBi,-Bu y -K-f i.v. To smoke ; emit smoke ; 
(met.) to feel angry. 

Fdsdbobi,-bu y :Ki^ i^ JjR i.v. To be smoked ; 
to be fumigated ; color changed or made dirty 
by smoke ; smoky : it gafutubotta, the house 
is tarnished with smoke. 
Syn. ibubu, xutubc. 

Fu-suji yyf.f^^fS. (coll.) Unjust ; improper : 

— na koto, 

FusnuA y zf,^ ^ ^' Sliding screens covered 

with wall paper ; also a bed quilt. 
FusuMA 7 :^ ^ n. Bran. 
-iFuBUSA y yf^-f adv. Luxuriantly ; abundantly. 
FuTA y St in n. A lid, cover : — wo turn, to 

cover with a lid ; — wo torn, to take off the lid. 
FuTA y St ^ n, A scab. 

Syn. easabuta. 
Fdta 7 ir ji Two (used only in comp. words) : 

ftita-michi, two ways. 
FuTAB 7 if ^ ^ S Two ply; double; two 

layers : — mawasu, to wrap round twice ; 

make two turns (of a rope); — goahi, bent in 

the loins, as old people with age. 
+FuTAOABi,-BU 7 iT ** A* i.q. fusagaH. 
JFuTAOi.-ou y Jt ^ f^ Same as fusagi. 
FuTAGO y St zf ^ n. Twins : — wo umu, to 

beget twins. 



FUT 



102 



FUT 



FuTA-aoKORo :^iPd*3P Ji<c? False-hearted; 

not sincere; unfaithful; treacheroas : — nakUf 

faithful, true, loyal. 
-tFuTAOOKOBi 7/^^^ 9 n. Double cocoons 

=ztama mayn. 
-YFuTAHO y St Ht 11. Double-faced ; hypocritical ; 

wicked. 
FtJTAi 7 t> ^ 'f JR ^ n. The tare of goods ; 

the tassels of a picture.: — wa ikura, how 

much is the tare? 
FuTA-rroKo 7 Si ^ h ^ ^^ih ^' Second 

cousin. - 
FcTAMATA 7 Sf ^ St J^ K Divided into two 

branches ; forked : — daikon, a forked radish ; 

— yari, a double-headed spear. 

FuTAMB 7 St >t 7(^i^ Not for one's interest or 
advantage ; prejudicial ; unhealthy ; impolitic : 

— ni nam. 

FuTAMSKi,-Kn 7 St jf ^ i.v. To pant with 
alarm or excitement ; to be flurried, agitated : 
atDate — , to be flurried, alarmed, agitated. 

FuTA-KABi 7^•^9'=i^n. A hermaphrodite. 

FuTAMO 7 St J m^i^ n. A cloth worn by women 
around the loins. 

FuTA-OYA 7 St t -y iV^IK n* Father and 
mother ; parents. 

Syn. BTO-BBIK. 

FuTABi 7 St ^) n A n. Two persons ; both 
persons : — zure de yuku, to go together. 

tFUTA-BATANOIB 7^"9"'Y7>f^ D. A hOUSO 

enclosed within another^, a double house. 
fFuTASHiB 7 St 90^^ i.q. futae, 
FuTA-TABi 7 St St \i ^Q. Twice i again. 

Syn. KI-DO, MATA. 

FuTATsu 7 St 7 :::u Two. 
Syn. NI. 

Fdtatsu 7 3r 5^ # aj n. A notification : — 
turUf to notify. 
Syn. FUKOKu. 

FuTB,-BU 7 T ^ i'V. (coll.) To be offended 
and moody ; to be sulky ; to pout, or be in a 
pet ; to be miffed : kozukai ga datma ni shika- 
rarete futete hatarakanai, the servant being 
scolded by his master is sulky and does not 
work; kozo ga fute-ne wo sum, the boy is 
lying down in a sulky fit ; futete sora-byoki 
wo tiukau, he is sulky and feigns sickness. 

FuTEQiwA 7 T ¥ '^^ ^ ^ BR (ooU-) Badly 
made ; coarsely finished; unskilled ; bungling. 

Syn. BT7SAIKU, HETA. 

FuTEi 7T^ Z^^^ Not submitting to authority; 

insubordinate : — no to. 
Fotei 7 t^T^ S 1^ z^* Manner ; deportment ; 
appearance : — ga okashiL 
Syn, NARi-ruBi. 
FuTEKi 7 T * ;!^ ift Fearless ; bold ; having 
no fear of man ; daring ; audacious (always 
in a bad sensa^' ~^ na mono da, 
Syn. DAiTAi 

FCTEMAWABI 7 T '^ '''^ 9 ^^a§ (coU.) Not 

active in doing ; not turning the hand to all 
the work that is required of one ; not able to 
do perfectly, completely oi thoroughly : — 
de komaru. 

Syn. FUYUKITODOKI. 



FuTEN 7T>' ^ ^ {amega shita) n. Every- 
where under heaven : — sott^ the whole 
world. 

FOten 7 ^ T V ^§1 n. Mental derangement; 
lunacy ; insanity ; madness : — «/ta, or — n* 
mono^ a crazy person. 

Fdto 7 b ^ adj. Suddenly; unexpectedly; 
by chance ; accidentally ; casually : — cU at- 
mashitaj met unexpectedly; — shita koto, 
accidental affair. 

Syn. HAKABAZU, OMOWAZU. 

FuTo 7h ffffln- Shaka; Buddha; a pagoda- 

— shi, Shaka ; a Bud. priest. 

FuTo 7 St P 7[^^ Improper; unbecoming; 
unsuitable ; unreasonable : — na koto wo iu, 

FuTonoKi 7 h iT ^ ^ ^ Audacious ; daring ; 
despising the restraints of law or decorum; 
rude : — Bemban ; — na yatsu da. 
Syn. FUBACBi. 

fFuToorau 7 > ¥» n. A coarse kind of silk 
stuff. 

FoToi,-Ki-BHi 7 h ^ ^ adj. Thick or large in 
diameter ; big ; coarse ; daring; audacious : — 
ito, coarse thread; azhi ga — , his legs are 
big; futoi koto wo sum otoko da, one who 
does a daring thing ; kimo ga — , bold ; coura- 
geous ; — ftt, a large tree. 

FuTOXOBo 7 f a n ^ Q* ^^® bosom or 
pocket made by the folds of the clothes about 
the breast : — ni ireiti^ to put into the bosom; 
oya no futokoro ni ite nani mo zhiranu, he 
always being in his mother's bosom is a dunce; 

— (/o, a pet child. 
Syn. kwai-chO. 

f FuTOEOBO-oAMz 7 }* ^ xi if I u. Nosc-psper * 

=hana'gami. 
FuTOEu, or FoTO 7 > ^ ^ adv. Same as 

futoi : futoku natta, has gi-own large ; futo go- 

zarimasttf it is thick. 
FuTOEU 7 > ^ Z^fik Of little ability or worth. 
FuTOEU-i 7 h S^ ^' y^f^M: i^o^') Unskilled ; 

not an adept in ; not versed in. 
FuTOEUSHiN 7f^J^>';^#'C? (coll.). Without 

consent; not assenting; not thoroughly un* 

derstanding. 
Syn. FusHooHi. 

FUTOKU-TAKUMASHIKI,-EU 7\*S^StS^'r^^ ^ 

^ Spirited; mettlesome; fiery (of a horse 

only) : — uma ni noru, to ride a spirited horse. 
FuTOMAB 7 > V ^ u. The august presence (of 

the Deity). 
+FUTOMANI 7 h V n n. Divination by huming 

the scapula of a stag. 
FuTOMOMo 7 >*« ;fc.K n. The thigh. 
FuTOMONo 7 >^^ ;k ^ o. Coarse goods, 

especially cotton goods, or cotton clothes. 
Futon 7 h v Jj ff n. A mattress ; a quilted 

bed cover ; a cushion : zabutout a cushion for 

sitting on. 
fFoTO-NOBiTO 7 h >? 9 ^ n. A Shint5 prayer; 

{/nto is honorific=august) 
FuTO-oBi 7 ht ^ ^^ T^' A thick kind ol 

coarse silk goods. 

FOTOBASE,-BD 7 b 9 "b ** (CSUSt. of futOTU) To 

fatten, enlarge ; make big or coarse. 



FUT 



108 



FUY 



|!'uTORZ,-BD 7 h ^ ^ !.▼• To becomo large, 
fat, fleshy : kono kodomo yoku futotta, this 
child has grown very large. 
Syn. KOEBU. 

FuTosA 7 h "9* ^T^' The largeness ; the size : 
— wa dono kurai, what is the size? (in 
diameter). 

fPoTOBHiM,-KXJ 7 h l^ff i,q^. futoshiri, 

iFuTOBHiBij-BU y }* l^A' t.v. Used in poetry 
and Shinto prayers ;= to make strong; to 
firmly erect: miya-bashira futothirimasUf thon 
dwellest in a temple whose pillars are strongly 
built. 

tFuTOTAHiousBi 7 h Sf ^ 9* 9^ i*q- tamagushi. 

Futo-uicaI 7 > ^ ^ n. A large and powerful 

PuTsuicA j horse. 

Fttsu 7 y adv. — to; — ni, positively ; 
entirely; qaite: — to omoi kiru, to quite 
dismiss from one*s thoughts. 

FuTsu :7 7 i4^ n. France : — go, tlie French 
language : — no gunkaiit a French ship of war. 

FrrsO 7 y i; ^H i^* Common ; general ; 
universal : tenka — na koto. 

FttsO 7 yi^ 7 9^ (coll.) No communication ; 
DO intercourse ; no dealings : uncurrent. 
Syn. OTOZURE oa nai, tatobi oa nai. 

FuTscGO 7 yif7 TC^^"^ (coll.) Inconvenient ; 
incommodious ; troublesome ; annoying ; im- 
proper ; uubecomiug. 

Syn. KATE NO WARUI, 7UBENBI. 

FuTsuKA 7 y fJ ^13 The second day of the 
mouth ; two days : go gwatsn ftitgnka, the 
Sfcond day of the fifth month; fntiuka tateba 
yaxumeru^ after two days I shall rest. 

FrrsuKA-Yoi 7 v is ^ \i n. The sickness 
resulting from iutozicatiou : — no kximuri^ a 
medicine for — . 

PuTscEi-Ai 7 y ^ r M ;^rH'^ (coll.) No 
friendship ; no intercourse ; no intimacy ; 
distant or cool to encli other : — ni natta, have 
broken off all intimacy. 

Syn. NAKA OA WABri, UTOKU-BUBU, BOEN. 

Fctsi;bi,-ai 7vVTb ^^'^ (coll.) Not 
matching; disproportioned ; not balancing: 
chochin ni Uurigane tra fittsuriai da, a big 
bell cannot balance a lantern ; — no frifu, a 
ba<ny matched man and wife. ."^ 

Syn. ruso-o. 

FctsCyo 7 y ^7 ^ tf ^ sS. IB Not current, 
not iu use, or generally received. 

FcTSCZUKA 7 y^/'fi 'K^iH Improper ; stupid ; 
silly ; ignorant ; clownish ; (said iu self-depre- 
ciation) : — no watakushi. 

FcTTEi yyTA ¥lflS. adj. (coll.) Scarce: ito 
tra kono settu futtei de gozarimann, silk is at 
present very Bcarce. 'Syn. sukunai. 

FcTTo "7 7 Y ^ i^ fflt {icahi-agani) — snruy to 
loam, effervesce, boil up : — 5a»i, an efiferves- 
cing powder. 

FuTTsuBi 7 y y ^ adv. (coll.) The sound of 
anything snapping; entirely: — to kireru, to 
break with a snap ; — to omoi-kiru, to dismiss 
entirely from one's thoughts. 

Fc-uw 7 i^ ^ ^^ t^^j- Unlucky ; unfortunate. 
Syn- FusBiAWASE, haruhei. 



Fu-UN 7 ^ i^ ^ S (uki-gumo) n. 
dond. 



A floating 



FuwA 7)7 ^fp {yawaragazu) On bad terms; 
unfriendly ; disagreeing ; no concord : naka ga 

— to nam. Syn. naka oa wabdi. 
FuwA-FuwA 7 9 7 !7 adj. (coll.) In a light, airy, 

buoyant or fluttering manner ; spongy ; buoy- 
antly: kami ga kase ni — to agaru, paper 
rises buoyantlv in the air ; pan ga — to fukv^ 
reta, the bread is spongy and light. 

FuwAKE 7^9" M ^ n* Dissection of a dead 
body ; an autopsy : — wo surti, to dissect a 
dead body. Syn. kaibo. 

Fuwabi 7 7^) n. The boundary lines of a 
map. 

FuwABi-TO 7 ^ V h adj. (coll.) In a light and 
airy manner; buoyantly; spongy: — tonde 
kurUf to come buoyantly sailing (as a bird). 

FuwATsnKi,-Ku 7 77 9 i.v. (coll.) To wave 
or flutter in the wind. 

fFuTA 7 "V n. A library ; i.q. furui-dono. 

FuyABHi,-su 7"V^ tt (caust. of fueru) To 
cause to increase ; to augment; to add to : kyU- 
kin toofuyashite yaru, to increase the wages ; 
gunzei wo fuyathitara yokarS^ it would be 
better to increase the army. Syn. uasu. 

FuTB-PUKi 7 jc 7 ^ n. A piper, flutist ; player 
on the flute. 

FuTO 7 9 $( ^ {iatukeni) — turUf to bestow, 
grant, give. 

FuYO 7 3 ;[; Jf n. Out of humor ; moody ; 
gloomy : — no tro. 

FoTo 73^ ?£ ^ o« {hasu no hana) The 
lotus flower. 

FuTo 7 3 ♦ ^ JB (coll.) Not wanted ; not 
needed ; of no use ; useless : — nara loatakuthi 
ni ehodiai, if you don't want it give to me. 

Syn. IBANU, HUDA. 

FoTo-i 7 3 1^ >f ;^ IB J5 (^Q^oro mochiitn) 
(coll.) Improvident; neglect of preparation; 
unprepnrcd. 

FoTOJiN 7 3 >> 3? V See huyojin. 

FuYOJo 7"Yi5r5?-YT> ;^§4 Careless of one's 
health ; injurious to health ; hurtful : isha no 

— bozu nofumimoehi (prov.). 

FuTU 7 a. ^ n. Winter : — mono, winter 

clothes. 
FuvtJ 7 >f ^ ^ ^ {tomi) n. Competence ; 

riches ; wealth. 
FuYUGABB 7 a. *' V n. Dried, withered, or that 

sheds its leaves in the winter : — sum. 
FuYu-ooMOBi 7rx.=f^9 ^ffi^' ^c^t in the 

house by the cold ; confined by the winter ; 

hibernation : kuma ga — iuru ; — nahiio. 
FuTUKi 7 OL i)& n. A tree that sheds its leaves 

in winter. 

FUYUKITODOKI 7 =>. ^ Y ^ Pf^ ^^f/^ (CoUJ Not 

reaching to, or doing all that is required; 
doing imperfectly, remissly, or not thoroughly; 
incomplete, insufficient, inadequate. 

Syn. FDTEHAWABI. 

FcYusrEKi,-KO 7 3. > ^ i.v. Wintry ; having 
the appearance of winter : kono aida ioroioro 
fuyumeite mairimashita, it has of late grad- 
ually been getting like winter. 



FUZ 



104 



GAG 



FuzAKK,-EU y^frt^. ?f ftiv- M^O To sport, 
romp, frolic, play ; to dally with : }^odomi wa 
fuzakete aru, the children are frolicking. 

Syn. TAWAMURBBU. 

FuzAKB.-RU 7 ^J^ f^,%^ i-v- To swell and 
soften, as rice when boiled : kovM gafuzaketa. 

FuzEi 7-tf>f M.^ n- Manner; appearance; 
aspect ; such an one as ; such like : used also in 
speaking humbly of one*s self, as : waiaktuhi 
fuzei de wa o mi ashi ye tawatU tno bachi ga 
ataru, if such an one as I were even to sit 
at your feet I would be punished by heaven 
for it ; nan no — mo nai^ nothing very agree- 
able. 

Syn. ARISAMA, OMOMUKI, OOTOEU. 

FuzoKU y^/^J^Ifk Belonging to ; property of ; 
pertaining to ; part of : ie no — mono^ the 
things belonging to a house ; a fixture. 
Syn. TSUKU. 



FuzoKU 7 /^ W* n. (gram.) — tfiiru, attached 
to ; suffixed ; affixed. ' 

FuzoKU 7V^ pit* ^' Appurtenance; ap- 
pendage : — turn, to belong to. 

FtJzoKU y-ff V 9 HLf^ n. Customs; manners; 
usages. 

Syn. MARAWASHI, fOgi. 

IFuzua 7 t/Jt :^ It n. A stick with a slit in 
the end for holding a paper, used in pr&ying 
to heaven or in handing a paper to a superior. 

FozDKi,-Ku y */ 9 t.v. To deceive, cheat, 
hoax, trick. 

Syn. DAMASU, SUKASD. 

fFuzuKu y-^ 9 n. A kind of sweet cake. 
fFuzuKUE 7 y ^ Jt n. A writing table or desk. 
•|FuzuKUMi,-Ma y*/9*^ i-v. To be angry. 
FuzuTOME y tfh Jf X^fh (coll.) Neglect ol 
duty ; indoleut : — wo sitru, to be indolent. 



G. 



Qk if, % (norimono) n. A carriage, or norimon 
(used now only in letters, without retaining 
the original meaning) : — wo todomeru^ to 
stop ; — wo unagasn^ to go ; — wo mageru, to 
come ; (said only to persons of rank). 

Oa, or Gacho :^* ^ n. A tame goose. 

Qa if (1) Sign of the genitive case, of : wata- 
kiishi ga tame ni, for my sake ; kare ga yoro- 
kohi.hiB joy; ioregashi ga monOf my thing. 

(2) As designating the subject of an Ju: 
transitivfii . verb, having also an indefinite 
sense ; as : ame ga furu^ it rains ; fune ga deta^ 
a ship has sailed ; to ga aita, the door is open ; 
iake ga agatta, the price of sake has risen ; 
hito ga nai, there is nobody ; anata no koto ga 
kwo tii natta, I was troubled about you ; wata- 
ktuhi toa son9 koto ga anjiraremat^ I am con- 
cerned about that. 

(3) As an adversative particle, = but : itte 
mo yoi ga ikanai hd ga yorothii, you may go, 
but it would be better if you did not ; wata- 
hushi ioa yuku ga nani ka goyd wa nai ka, 
as I am going can't I do something for you ? 
hobo wo tazunemaahita ga Gen-san wa imasen 
yOf I have inquired all about, but I can't 
find Mr. Gen ; itsu ka Nihon go ga dekiru 
yd ni nareba ii ga^ I hope I shall be able 
to talk Japanese some day (but I am not 
sure). 

(4) Sometimes as designating the object of 
a transitive verb, same as wo : chi-chi ga no- 
mitai, I want to nurse (said by a child)- 
hanashi ga kikitait I want to hear the story. 



Ga if ^ An occa^io:i when congratulationa, 
or felicitations aie ^ent ; a festival, holiday, 
fete : ga-surut to congratulate, felicitate ; iun- 
ga, new year's day ; shichi-ju no ga^ entertain- 
ment made for a portion who has attained his 
70lh year ; ga no iwai, a fdte made for one on 
reaching an advanced age. Syn. iwai. 

Ga ^* ^ (icataktishi) Self-will ; selfishness ; I: 
Ego, opp. of butiUy an external object : — jio 
tsuyoi hito^ a selfish or obstinate man ; — wo 
IiarUf to be self-willed ; — too ont, to break 
one's pride, obstinacy or selfishness ; butsu ga 
wo waturerUt to forget one's identity. 

Ga ** 5B — ««>•?*, to ride : kumo ni gasurii^ to 
ride on a cloud; uma ni kunima wo — euru, 
to harness a horse to a wagon. Syn. koru. 

Gaba if/< adv. Suddenly; quickly; hastily: 
— to hane-okirut to spriug up suddenly: — to 
mi wo okoshite. 

Gachi ifi*^ (from kaehi, to prevail) An affix ; 
giving the word to^hich it is joined the pre- 
dominance or prevalence in quantity or infla- 
euce ; preponderance ; for the most part ; as : 
kome-gachi tio meshif a food made of rice and 
wheat, where the rice is in the largest quantity; 
via-tsuchi-gachif soil which is for the most 
part good; ktiromi-gachij toi the most part 
black ; taema-gachi^ at long intervals ; okotari- 
gachi, given to idleness ; itsuwari-gachit given 
to lying; kono tmki wa ame-gachi da, this is 
a rainy month; xiyamai-gachi ni ai nakere- 
ba oya ni shitashimi nashi ; ai gachi ni uyamai 
nakereba anadoru ni nitari. 



GAG 



105 



GAK 



Oachi •gi' n. The boar fisb, a specieB of 

equuk. 
Oachi Hi- fg ^ n. Good taste; style; ele- 
gance ; delicate or gmcefnl appearance ; artis- 
tic: kono horimono m wa — ga am. 
Gacho ** f" ^ S .% n. A tame goMe. 
' Gaenzcro i^^i^^ fl^ -^ i.v. To consent, 
assent ; to be willing : — ya ina \ja^ are you 
willing or not ? 
Gagen itY^ S6 "€" (miyahi kotoba) Correct ; 

genteel or classical language, or word. 
Gahio if^t; Hi^ {yuki'daore) u. Persons 

dead from starvation. 
Gai ^>f 1^ n. (med.) A cough ; disease of the 

throat. 
Gai jr >f i.q. kai\ Use ; advantage ; profit (used 
only in comp. words), as: yoshimi-gai rti, for 
friendship sake ; tanomi-gai ganai, not to be 
depended on ; yuki-gai ga naif no use in going. 
Ga-i if 4 ft 3£ {waga kokoro) One's own way, 
own will ; own opinion ; selfish ends : — wo 
hoshii-mama ni natUt obstinately to follow 
one's own opinion. 
Gai if ^ ^ n. Injury; hurt; evil; damage: 
— suru, to injure, afflict ; to kill, murder : — 
ni naru, to be hurtful ; injurious ; — too nozokUf 
to abate an evil ; gai-thin ^ ^c? murderous 
intentions. Syn. sokonau, kobosu. 
Gaibun if^y^ Bee gwaibun. 
^Gaibun if ^ •/ y^ S. ^=zom-bun. To one's 

heart's content ; as much as one pleases. 
Gauin ir^ 0i^ i^fit n. An army returning 

from war in triumph ; triumphant army. 
Gaika ^ >f * fMR n. A song of victory. 
Gaike if^^ ^^ n. (med.) Bronchitis. 
Gaikotsu if ^ ^P K >^ n. The bones of 

dead persons ; skeleton. 
Gaibtaku if>i^)'r^ W 05- {(iraviashi) adv. 
For the most part ; in the main ; mostly ; 
generally (not minutely). 
Gaisai if>i-f^ Hljft: {nirami) n, A fierce 

look ; angry look ; glaring at. 
Gaisbi if ^ i^ ^ 4' ^' An electric insulator. 
Gais5 if ^ y p ih ^ Impeachment, or accusa- 
tion of a high official to the Emperor. 
Gaiso ir^-tt^^^n. A cough. 

Syn. sEKi. 
Gaizen H4-^^ ®[^ (bikkuri) adv. In a 

startled or frightened manner. 
Gaizen ifA-M"^ "Itt iSv *d^' Excited tore-, 

sentment or indignation. 
Gajin if i^i^ j^A^ n. A handsome woman ; a 

female lover. 
Gakai ifij^ ^S D. Euin. 

Syii. oohibube. 
Gakc -a* ^ lis §^ D* Precipice ; a steep place : 
— ftiiehi, a road cut along a precipice ; — kara 
oehiru, to fall from a precipice. 
Syn. ZEppEKi. 
Gake ff^ coll. affix. Wliile; when: as, kaeri- 
gake, "while returning; ki-gake ni unjosho ye 
yoriittathita, as I came I called at the custom- 
hoase ; tdrigake^ while passing ; iki-gake ni^ as 
I went, or while going. 

(2) Quantity ; as, sanmai-gake, three times 
14 



as much (in sheets); three-fold; gwai koku 
no kami, no atiusa iva nippoh no kami no ni- 
mai-gake ant, foreign paper is twice as thick 
ns Japanese. 

Syii 8HINA, TSUIDE-NI. 

Gaki ij* ^ jft J6 n. {netaru oni) A hungry 
spirit, or devil ; the spirit of the dead punished 
with hunger in the Buddhist infernum ; gakidoy 
one of the eight divisions of the Buddhist 
hell. 

Gakkabi if i^ ii ^) adv. (coll.) Tired; fatigued; 
exhausted ; startled; shocked : — sliite oni^ to 
be exhausted. 

Gaeki if if ^ ^^ Un A musical instru- 
ment. 

Gakeo if ifij "f; ^ i^n. A school, academy. 

Gakk6-s6 iS 9 ^ i; V ^ ttv^ggu. (med.) 
Aphtha of the mouth. 

Gakkubi -^9 9 9 adv. (coll.) Suddenly sink- 
ing down or losing sti-eugth, like a person 
fainting : — bjb wo shita^ died suddenly. 
Syn. MiWAKA. 

Gakxwa if 9 if V ^^ n. Subjects taught in 
a school ; the different branches of learning ; 
course of study ; curriculum. 

Gaku if P 1^ xk. Tablets with painted figures 
or inscriptions on them, suspended in houses 
for ornament, or in temples as votive offer- 
ings; a picture; a door plate; price; charge: 

— wo kakeru, to hang up a tablet ; kin — , 
price, charge ; tei — , fixed price ; tei — , tax- 
money. 

Gako ij* if ip n. Learning; literature; science: 

— ga arUf to be learned; — ««/, literary, 
talent. 

Gaxu if if m n- Music (especially of drum 
and fife) : — wo shirabern^ to make music ; 
gakunin^ a musician ; saru-gaku^ a musical 
exhibition or opera. 

Oakuboku *• ^ jjf ^ Ip fH n. A poor scholar 
who, desiring to learn, becomes a servant to a 
learned man. 

Gaxudo if 9 if f; 4!R ^ A small temple in which 
votive offerings of pictures are hung ; a picture 
gallery. 

Gakuoei if if ^ a Ip kS ^' Arts and sciences. 

Gaeuha if P j\ ^ ^ n. A school, sect or de- 
nomination in philosophy. 

Gaeuhsn if if '^i^ % ^ "• '^^^ sepals of the 
calix of a flower. 

Gabujutsu if if ^=^'7 ?p f^ n. Science and 
arts. 

Gakuuon if if =^1/ ^V^ ^' Learning ; litera- 
ture ; science : ^- #u>'m, to study ; to read ; to 
apply one's self to learning ; — Jo, a school- 
house; — ga agatta, to make progress in 
leaiiiiug. 

Gaeubei ^* ^ v/ >f ip i^ u. The nge at which 
children should enter and attend school. 

Gakubeki if if \^^ ?P Iff n. School recora, or 
report. 

Gakubto -^ if ^^i; ^^ n, A literary institu- 
tion ; a school or seminary. 

Gakubtoku if if "9 ^ 9 ^ 7^ n. Literary 
ability or attainments. 



GAK 



106 



GAO 



Oakosba if ^ i^-^ ^f^ n» A scholar, learned 

niau. 
Ga-;u.shi ^ ^ »^ Ip dr n. A scholar ; a pro- 

fess.)r; n leanieU man. 
Qakoshiki Hffl"^ ^ Ht n. Learning. 
Gakusho ^r^5^-V!>l^!^±n. A student, 
Gakusei if ^-^^ J scholar. 

Sjn. sHosEi. 
Gakuso * ^ y S^ p/r n. A mnsio-chamber, 

mnsic-liall. 
Gakutai if ^ X ^ Ug ]$ n. Band of mnsic. 
Gakuto if ^ fi t; ^P Bfi n. President of a 

college ; the head pupil of a school ; a tutor, 

or usher. 
Gakuzem ^V-t/v fS^ adv. In an alarmed, 

startled manner ; shocked. 

Syil. BIKKURI. 

Gaha if-ri^ji^n, A bull-frog. 

Gama if-r ^ u. The bnllrush or cat's- tail: 

— miuhiro, a mat made of rushes. 

Gaman if 'T y A K n« (coll.) Fortitude ; 
patience ; endurance ; self-denial : — mrut to 
bear patiently, endure; — shite i-nasare, be 
patient ; — no tsuyoi hito, a person of great 
fortitude. 

Syn. KOBABRU, SHIMBO SUBU. 

fGAHANOzo ^ -r >; -^ ^ u. A countenance like 
a driyer-out of evil-spirits ; a hideous counte- 
nance; i.q. goma-nO'So. 

Gamashii if^i>^^ ^PhI ft An afiSx similar to 
rashii=\ike to, in the manner of : kuru-gama- 
shiki, troublesome ; jodan-gamashikn, waggish, 
mischievous ; fujin-gnmashii^ unkind. 

Syn. SONA, YO-NA. 

Gambutsu *• V ■/ 5» %% (nise mono) n. Coun- 
terfeit, oi- spurious articles : kore toa — da, 
this is counterfeit. 

Gambyo if V h* "V V> B^ ^ (me no yamai) n. 
Disease of the eye; (i]>hthalmi8. 

Gami-gami if \ if \ adv. — in, to scold, grum- 
ble, find fault in an angry manner. 

Gammoku if 1^=^ if 95 Q {nianako) n. The 
eye ; (met.) an important place or point : — 
woUnkeru^ to aim at, fix the attention on; 

— na tokoro, an important place ; kono ran no 
— , the point of the argument. 

Gavpachi ifi^^^-f- n. A kind of fish of the 

Seriola genii««. 
Gampi *• V h* )!§ S. n. A kind of thin paper ; 

i.q. usuyo. 
Gan if i>^ ]^ n, A wild goose. 

Syn. KARi. 
Gan if i>^ S!^ (nianako) n. The eye: niku-gan^ 

fleshly eye ; shin-gany spiritual eye (Bud.). 
Syn. ME. 
Gan a* V It n. A covering of wood, in which 

the coffins of persons of rank are placed to 

convey them to the grave. 
Gan ifi^ 7^ {nine) Counterfeit; spurious: — 

pon, — book ; — kin^ — coin ; — ptt«fi, — 

writing ; — butSH^ — thing. 
Gana if -^ (impure ka of doubt, and na of 

desire) exclam. of doubt and de6ire=are&a it : 

nani gana agetai., I wish I had something to 

give him ; ano bito no ie ni koto gana areka- 



thiy I wish some evil might befall his family ; 
tori-kaesH mono ni mo gana ya, I would I 
could bring (him) back. 

GANABi,-Bn *• ■»• ^ i.v. (coll.) To cry out ; voci- 
ferate ; talk in a loud voice. Syn. donabu. 

Ganchi *• V f- OS n. (coll.) Blind of one eye. 

Syn. KATABOB, KEKKACHI. 

Gando-chochin lSi^^ i;T^^'^ °' A. dark- 
lantern. 

IGanb if^ A euphonic particle affixed to proper 
names, as Mikado-gatu; kimi-gane ; muko- 
pane. 

Ganoasa ifs^if-^ JH^ Q* An eruption on 
the legs which, like the wild goose, appears in 
the fall and disappears in spring ; ecthyma (?). 

Ganoi ^* V 4? Jfi^ n. Zig-zag. 

Gangozei ifyzf-i^ n. A spook, ghost, bob- 
goblin. 

fGANi if^) i.q. hodo ni, or yd iii, or ka mo Mhi- 

Ganb ^*^ j ranai. To that degree or extent ; as 
if; so as; like as: thimo okinu gani, to feel 
as if it would be frosty weather ; koe no karu 
gani, so as to become hoarse. 

Ganjo ifi^^n'fy (coll. for g^.nju) Strong ; firm; 
secure ; solid : — na »hiro, a strong fortress; 
— ni dekita^ strongly made. 

Ganka if ^ij JIJ f {me no ehita) Beneath or 
below the eye : — ni hito wo mikudasu^ to 
look down on, or despise others. 

Gakken if i^ ^ i^ Bjf^ (mabuta) n The 
eyelids. 

Gakkin *• V 4» V /'Jf ^ (nise-gane) n. Coun- 
terfeit coin. 

Ganko ify^zt^ flJb?L n. The orbit or socket 
of the eye. 

Gansubi ifi^ir\f ffi ^ n. The bowl of a 
tobacco pipe from its resembling a goose's 
neck. 

Gankdtsu ifi^^y ft Sf ("<^« yo) n, A cave 
in the rocks. 

Ganbisi ify^^f- 9JL 7^ n. Strength of eye ; 
sharpness of sight : — no tsuyoi hitOj a person 
of strong eyes. 

Gansaku ifi^-^i^ V^^ — sunt, to conn t erf eit. 

Gansatsd ifi^-fp /ff^Ln. Counterfeit bank- 
note. ' 

Ganshoku *' V J' 3 ^ jg ^ {kao no iro) n. The 
complexion, or color of the face ; the coante- 
nance: — too kaete hara too tatsu, ebanged 
color and became angry ; — wa tsukuraUf to 
assume a pleasing expression of face. 
Syn. KESHtKi. 

Gan.so-zai d!r>'yi>f^>f ^^*1 n. (med.) A 
gargle, or medicinal wash for the montb. 

Ganzeki ify\s^ jjts.ys n. Bocks. 

Ganzen A*v-tfv IJbt) (menomae) Before the 
eyes ; now ; the present time : — ni niieru. 

Ganzo ^y'^tf ^ i^ (niie-gothirae) — guru, 
to counterfeit ; — no eatsu. 

Gaori,-bu irt^ ^ 4;r i-^- (coll.) To be con. 
vinced and acknowledge one's self in the 
wrong ; to be forced to yield assent to argu- 
ment ; to be crestfallen, humbled : ri ni osareU 
gaorete shiniau. 

Syn. EUJIKERU, TOEtrSHIN sUBn. 



GAP 



107 



GE 



Oappei ify-^^ '^ {# n* Union ; partnership ; 
company: — turu, to unite ; to go into part- 
nership. 

Gappbki ify^^ <^||n. Anear neighbonr; 
one separated only by a partition. 

Gappi [ db* 7 b* ^ Q {tsuki hi) n. Month and 

GwAppx J day; date: — too kakut to write the 
date. 

Gapponowaisha ^:f^v/!;>f5^-V '^^Ji'frSl 
n. Joint stock company. 

Gaba if ^ ^n. Kind; quantity; appearance; 
figure: hito-gara ga yoi, a person of good 
appearance; shima gar a ga warui^ stripes 
of that kind are ugly; — ga yoi, of good 
quality. 

Gara-gaba if^if'^ adv. (coll.) The sound of 
rattling, like the falling of tiles, or of a wagon 
rattling oyer stones : katoara gd — to ochiru, 

Gaaasuta ^T 9 ^ Jf ftJI- (iogii) or — dogu, 
the Tarious articles of household furniture, 
spoken of those that are old and worn. 

GABA2C ^*9^^ i2ip£ n. (Sans.) A Buddhist 
temple. 

Gabancho -ft* 9 V T t> n. The cormorant. 
Syti. u. 

Gabanoo is'^ V h* (coll.) Empty ; hollow : naka 
ga — dri, it is hollow inside. 

Gabasu -gy^^ft^ (Eng.) n. Glass: — ft/, 
glass-ware; — ya, glass-maker, or seller of 
glassware. 

Gabi ^* 9 t^ n. House ; residence. 

Gabi,-bu dCT^ The terminal form of adjective 
verbs, formed from fcii, the last syllable of the 
adverbial form of an adjective, and the sub. 
verb aru^ to be; as : tamuku aru^ contracted 
into tamugaru, to feel cold ; itaku anij into 
itagaru, to feel pain ; Jioshiku arut into hothi- 
garu, to be desirous of. Mitagaru is formed 
from mt, to see, taku^ adv. form of tai, wish- 
ing, and arUf to be, desirous of seeing; so 
also kikitagaru, to be desirous of hearing, — 
formed from kikitaku-aru. 

Gabon ^ a. ti s^ |j| (Eng-) n. A gallon, =r£ng. 
2 $Ju> 5gol shaku (2.51867 sho) ; U.S. 2 tho 9 
$haku (2.09888 sho), 

OabtO if "9 if 0,^ Own peculiar style or 
manner ; self-taught method or style : kenjtUsu 
wo — ni tsukau ; ji too — ni kaku, 

Gasa-gasa if 'f if -^ adv. Bestless; giddy; 
careless ; flighty : — to shite xjuku, 

Oasatbu if-^y (coll.) Bough and coarse in 
manner ; careless : — na hito^ a rough and 
careless person. 

Syn. soacATBu, aba-abasbii, sokotsu. 
aABEX «* -te >r ^m (ooU.) with all one's might ; 
industriously ; diligently : — ni hatarakut to 
labor diligently. 
Syn. BEmcTo. 
Oashx ^ i^ jft ^ {ue-jini) Starved to death ; 

starvation. 
C^ABBJH ifi^i/ A'^ {wataktuhi kokoro) Ego- 
tism; egotistical. 
OashO a i^y ^ijl^ n. Bigotry; obstinacy; 
pertinacity in adhering to one's opinion : — 
tsuyoki bdzu. Syn. awAMKd. 



Gassai-bukubo if y "f ^ y i^ v n, (coll.) A 

traveling bag made of cloth. 
Gasshi, Gassubu ifyK^^ t.v. and i.v. To 

join together ; to unite. Syn. awasubu. 
Gassho iiy i^-Y i> -^ ^ (e« iro avooMm) Hands 

joined together, as in prayer : kami ni mukai 

gassho suru. 
Gassho-daohi-ni *'5'v"Y^^f'— '$'9|t^ In 

the manner of the two hands placed together; 

said also of two things standing on end and 

leaning against each other at the top. 
Gassho ify^if '^M United ; confederated : 

— kokuj United States ; — to, federal or re- 
publican party. 

Gasso ify^^i; "^W C^^^*) Unshaven headed ; 
not having the hair cut : ano hito wa — da. 

Gasu ifyt, ^ftrn- (Eng.) Gas: — kyoku, 
gasworks ; — gamat gas meter ; — gwaisha, 
gas company. 

Gata-oata if Sf if St adv. (coll.) The sound of 
rattling, slamming : to ga — turn, the door 
slams, or rattles in the wind ; — furu^ to rattle. 

Gatapishi if St }£ i^ adv. (coll.) The sound of 
feet or wooden clogs ; a pattering, or rattling 
noise : — to aruku. 

Gatabi-to if St ^ y (coll.) Same as gata-gata. 

Gate ifT {=kataku shite) ^ used as an affix) 
Hard; difficult: idetachi-gate ni ; kaeri-gate, 

Gatek ifT ^ "w" K — sxirUy to consent ; to as- 
sent, allow ; to forgive; to understand, perceive; 
gaten ga yukazu^ cannot understand; unintel- 
ligible; strange; suspicious; — senai^ cannot 
endure, or bear. 

Syn. shQchi, kiki-wakeru, turusu, nattoku. 

Gateba ifT^ A suffix to verbs, same as na(7ara, 
= while ; at the same time that ; by way of : 
hanami gatera^ while looking at the flowers ; 
yuki gatera^ while going. 
Syn. kata-gata, maqara. 

Gatsu-gatsu ifyify adv. (coll.) Hungry and 
voracious ; ravenous : — ftu, to eat ravenously ; 

— sunt, to be voracious. 

Gattai if y St -i ^^fi Like-minded ; agreeing 

together: — sum. 
Gattbn if yT ^ Same as gaten, 
Gaya-gaya-to **"V *'•¥>• adv. The noise and 

confusion of many men and horses preparing 

to leave a castle. 
Gazami ^ -^ ^ n. A kind of sea crab. 
Gaze if-ii n. The sea-urchin. 
Gazzn ^-tfv flij^ adv. Suddenly. 

Syn. NIWAKA-NI. 

Ga-zoku **y*^ 3gf^ n. Befined and vulgar; 
good and bad taste ; elegant and homely. 

Ge y Ig, Impure ke, used only as a suffix, 
having the meaning of, looks like, manner, 
appearance; as: ureshige na kao, a joyful 
countenance; samuge^ looking as if cold, 
or a cold appearance; oshige mo naku, not 
appearing to regret, or grudge. 

Gb y \% n. Buddhist verses : — iro yomu. 

Ge y (shimo^ shita : coll.) Below ; beneath ; 
down; inferior; under; to descend: — no 
shina, an article of inferior quality; — no 
makit the last volume. 



GEB 



108 



GEK 



GiBA y j^ "f ,% {uma yori oriru) — funi, to 

dismount from a horse. 
Gebi,-bu y}£A' i.v. (coll.) To be low, vulgar, 

mean,* base: gfbita mono fio iii/r} da, he 

speaks like a low fellow. 
Syn. iTASBiKr. 
Gebizo Y\£^^ n. (coll.) A glutton, gourmand. 
Gbbu y :^ flf 95 n. A class of officers whose 

duty it was to torture crimiuals in order to 

make them confess. 
Gechaku -/f-ir^ 'f ^ {kudari ttukn, coll.) 

— 8uru, to arrive at home from the capital. 
Gbdax y^>f ^jlg n. The name, or title on 

the outside of a book : hon no — , the name 

of a book ; shibai no — , the name of a play. 
Syn. HYODAi. 
Gedan y^v'f {J^n. Lowest step, grade, or 

degree : — ni kamaeru^ to hold the sword in 

the lower guard. 
Gedatsu yy? f^J^n. (Bud.) Deliverance 

or freedom from evil ; salvation : — wo eruy 

to obtain deliverance from evil ; sainan wo — , 

to deliver from evil. 
Gbdbn -/r *^ ^^ n- The title given by the 

Buddhists to books of other sects, as the 

Chinese classics, or Brahminical works. 
Gedo y ^ tf jfi^^S. (f^oka no mtehi : Bud.) 

False doctrine; contrary to the true way; 

heretical; heterodox; all doctrines that are 

not Bud.; also a heretic. 
Gedoku y b* ^ Rf ^ n. An antidote to poison : 

— «ai, id. Syn. doku-bbshi. 

IGeoe yyn, A sandal or slipper worn in 

the house. 
Geqen yy V 'f^ii' The last quarter of the 

moon. 
Gboto y^9 'fff? — snru^ to descend from 

the chariot (only of the Emperor). 
Gehai yj\^ 'f H {thimo no tomogara) n. 

The lower classes of people ; also persons of 

lower rank than one^s self ; inferiors. 
GsHiN y b V 'f ^ n. Inferior quality or 

grade. 
•IGbho y^^y St'Ji n. Witchcraft; sorcery: 

— gashira, flat-headed. 

Gei y>f K n. Polite accomplishments; the 
arts : riku-gei, the six accomplishments, viz., 
etiquette, music, horsemanship, archery, 
writing and arithmetic : — wa mi wo tasukum 
(prov.). 

fGE-i y # ^ ^ {'oto ni oru) n. Outside of 
the house ; out of doors. 

Geioei y >f y >f adv. (coll.) The sound of 
belching : amari taberu to — ga deru, 
Syn. Okubi, oeppu. 

Geudtsu y ^ ^a.y JSf^n. The arts ; fine 
arts. 

Geiro y>f 3 iiS^ n. A dancing girl. 

Geino y>f ^ ^ ttft^ ^* Polite accomplish- 
ment. 

Geisha -/ ^^ ^-V I^ # A dancing or singing 
girl. 

Gbji yf-* 'f^ n. Command; order: — wo 
siiru, to give orders ; — wo ukeritt to receive a 
command. Syn. ueibbi, osb. 



Geji-oeji y0y^ i8| til n* A kind of insect 

of the family of Miriapoda. 
Gejiki -/f-'^ 'F iff ^' (coU-) Low in price; 

cheap: ito ga gejiki ni natta, silk has become 

low in price ; — na monOf a low priced 

article. 
Syn. TAsnmi. 
Gejo yf-*3 -f-icn. A servant girl. 

Syn. SHIMOME. 
GEjd -/ 3? 3 ^ 'F ^ To alight from a norimon: 

— bashi, the place where visitors to the palace 
leave the norimon. 

Gejun y 5^ a. V "F "Sj n. The last decade ol 

the month. 
GEKAiy^>f FS-n* The lower world ; this 

world (Bud.). 
Gekan y^v F^ I'- Disease of the genital 

organ. 
Geketsu Jf ^ y '^ -isL (ehi-kudari) n. A 

bloody flux ; — «t/ni, to pass blood from the 

bowels. 
Gbki y 4» ^ If. n. The secretary of the Dajd- 

kwati. 
Geki y^ ^ — suru, to be roused, excited; 

hidokn -- shita, was greatly excited; — huertt, 

to excite, rouse (the feelings). 
Gekibun y^-fb^f^-^n, A manifesto. 
Gekuo y^l^^t^i^^^' A theatre. 

Syn. shibai. 
Gekiuu -/ ^ a $}]^ u Troublesome or 

annoying business. 
Geeiban y i|t 9 V jft ill u. Revolt ; rebellion i 

insurrection : — wo okosxi, to excite revolt. 
Syn. MUHOK. 
Gekibin y^\)i^ $ Ml D- Imperial anger 

— ni fureruy to incur — . 

Gekibo y 4^ 9 <r a^ vft »• Rolling or surging 

waves. 
Gekibon y^Fwv ii[|> n- An angry dispute 

or discussion ; altercation ; wrangle. 
Gekibto y^'Va 1^ ifa ^ An inn; 

hotel. 

Syn. bataqota. 
Gbkitaku y 4" -Y ^ dH K (med.) Powerful ot 

dangerous medicines : shirOto ni — wo tirtfitf- 

karazu. 
Geekei yy ^ a ^ us n- The menses. 
Gekkei-unkaeu y!/^>f^v*^ fl ^% SS**- 

A name given to the Kugey or nobles of the 

Mikado's court ; (the Mikado being likened to 

the sun, or a dragon, the moon and olouds 

being their attendants). 
Geee5 y V 9 V i; ^ ^ {^tmki no hikari) 

Light of the moon; moonlight. 
GeekyO yy^y H S& n. Monthly wages; 

salary per month. 
Geeo y 3 'F ^ n. A temperate person ; one 

who does not drink ardent spirits: — no 

tatetaru knra wa nai (provj. 
Geeo y =J t' 'F !^ {shita ni mukd) To go 

down ; coming down from the Capital, or from 

a temple. 
GeeO y^tf ^ "^ n. The outer or front temple 

(Shinto ; only used of Ite) ; the inner is called 

Naiku. 



GEK 



109 



GEN 



GiKWA y^ !? ^ft n. Surgery; exteraal 
treatment of disease; — t«A(i, a sargeon; 
— dvgn, surgical instruments. 

Qembdku yvT^^ 7C IR The ceremony of 
shaving oil the forelock, and changing the 
name of a young man on arriving at the 
age of 15, who then becomes a man; also 
of shaving the eye-brows and blacking the 
teeth when a woman marries ; or, unmarried, 
arrives at the age of 20 : — suru, to perform 
the above ceremony. 

QixBUN yv"/v ^^^n. Original text. 

GsM-BtTTsu yy^yy ^^^' Anything visible, 
or manifest to the eyes ; things that are seen ; 
the very thing ; thing itself. 

Geu-hai yyr^f 3^^ n. Uncleaned rice; 
rice not yet pounded in the mortar and 
whitened. 
Syn. suBoooHB. 

GsMifBX J/i^M^ fk^ (kibithii Oie) Strict or 
severe orders. 

GBMP6 y v ^< 7 -JS vi Rules of subtraction. 

Gbxpon y v:)^ V /fr 4^ n. The original book, 
or copy. 

GxK y V 1^ (inia) Now ; at present ; the visi- 
ble world : — td, present and future (Bud.) ; — 
td ni M€it the two worlds, present and future. 

Qxs y V -^ n. (met.) Subtraction. 
Syn. HixiZAN, obupo. 

Gen ys^ IKr (coll.) Beneficial result, or effect; 
virtue : ryc^i too tntkusu to iedomo tono gen 
iara ni naku, 
Syn. shibushi. 

Gena y -h I hear that ; it is so that : sd da 
gena^ I hear it is so ; ano hito tea Tokyd kara 
kaerimathita gena^ I hear that he lias re- 
turned from Tokyo. 

Genan y -h V ~f ^ n. A man-servant 
Syn. SHiuoBE. 

Gbkob y^^y n Clover ; trefoil. 

Syn. HOTOKE-BO-ZA. 

GBNooGAsn y^zfifff If^lfipn. The science 

of the origin of words ; philology. 
Gbn-oto, or Gbboo yv^a '§'$§ n. Same 

aa gongo. 
Gb-ni, or Gebiko y^ ff adv. Manifestly; 

plainly ; indeed ; truly. 
Syn. jrrsn ni. 
GxN-iM y V >f 5^ iiR n. Cause ; reason ; 

origin. 
Gb-nin y^5^ 'FA {ahimobe) n, A person of 

low caste ; a servant of a noble. 
Genja y Vi^-V n. i.q. ikugenja. 
Genji.'BU, or Gbnzubu yy^^ % i-v- To be 

seen; to appear; to be visible; manifested: 

kodan fio toki moro-moro no Mui-5 ga genjita^ 

when he was preaching, many strange signs 

appeared. 

Syn. ABAWABEBC, tfXBBU. 

Oxxjx,-RU, or Genzubu y v 5C -^ iij t.v. and i.v. 
To lessen, diminish, retrench, curtail, ab- 
breviate ; to wane, subside : kyUkin wo — , to 
diminish the wages. 

. Svn. BERASU, HABUKU, BISBU. 

Genjz-uaub y ^^-r :f n. Sagared beans. 



GenjO y 3^ p a. i> fl j[ Strict ; severe ; 
rigorous ; secure ; strong ; well-fortified : — ni 
mru, to make strong and secure; to enforce; 

— fit mamoru, to guard strictly; — ni 
nam, 

Syn. kibisbii, kenoo, jSbu. 

Genjutsu yvsJa.j' ^fffD. Secret arts; 
magic arts ; supernatural powers ; (of becoming 
invisible, etc.). 
Syn. TdJDTSU. 

Genka yv^ iRIfJ (moto-ne) n. The prime 
or original cost. 

Genka y i/ 9 V ^ M ^^ ^^® porch at the 
entrance of a house. 

Gbnkan y 5^ a V :R ^ {)iihi»Uiki samuta) 
Severe cold. 

Genei y ^ ^ 7C SR D. Natural vigor or 
strength; energy; stamina: — naru hito, a 
person of vigorous constitution, or of high 
spirits : — no nai hito ; — ga warui, 
Syn. SEi, iKioi. 

Genkin y V 41 V H ^ n. Beady money ; 
money paid down on delivery of goods : gen- 
kin kakene nathi, ready money and but one 
price: — de kau, to pay for goods when 
bought. 

Genkin yv^^v j| ^ {kibithiku todomeru) 
n. Strictly forbidden. 

Genk5 y i^ 3 ijr /R IS Original copy, or manu- 
script. 

GenkShan y 5^ * i> >> V fg,ff JE. n. The actual 
commission of a crime: — nite toraeraru^ to 
be arrested in the very act. 

Genkoxu-nin yva^^v fl^-^A (nttaern 
hxto:\eg,) The plaintiff; aoouser; prosecutor; 
complainant. 

Genkon y >" 3 V %4^ (tma) adv. At present ; 
present time ; now. 

Genkotsu y 3^ n 5» n. (coll.) The knuckles, 
fist : — wo yarn, to give a blow with the fist ; 

— wo utsii, to box. 

Genkdn y v' ^ y ycWf ^' Highest merit ; 
most meritorious. 

Gbnkwa ys^^v Wt^\(onioki toga) Severe 

Genkei yi^it a St fPj J punishment : — ni 
$hosu, 

Genkwan yi^ 9V i^ AH n. (same as genka) 
The porch at the front entrance of a house. 

Gbn-ni yv^^^adv. Evidently; manifestly; 
obviously ; visibly ; before one's eyes : — aru, 

Genno yv^T>^|Sn. A large hammer. 

Genbi y y 9 ^^fS. (kotowari) n. Principle ; 
a fundamental truth or tenet : keitai no — , 
the principles of political economy. 

Genboin y5^9*>f ^ ytit^^' The Senate 
house : — gi-kwan, a senator. 

Gknron y V p V "1*1^ {kotoba no agetturai) n. 
Speech ; uttering one's sentiments ; expression 
of opinion : — Jt't/u, freedom of speech. 

Genshi yv»^ ift4' i^* An atom: an ultimate 
particle of matter. 

Genshi y v i^ /f? JS The beginning, origin. 
Syn. BAjiME. 

Genshitsu y V 5^ 3» IS f( u. Elementary sub- 
stance or material : element. 



GEN 



110 



GEY 



Gensho yv-tt^ -j^ {V ^0 lesson, diminish: 

— sunt, 

Syn. HABUKU, HBBASU. 

Gensho yvS^-Y^ %3Rd. Phenomena ; visi- 
ble changes. 
Gensho y^^i^n ifl fT i^* Original book or 

manuscript. 
Gensho y 5^ s^ 3 ft 9" (^ibi^^ii^^ atsuta) Severe 

heat. 
Genso y V V Hi TC ^' '^^^ essence, element, 

active principle, extract (of medicine); an 

atom ; ultimate particle. 
Genson yvyy' ^^ n. Great-great-grand 

child. Syn. HiiacAao. 
Gensui y V >^ ^ tc |fi|i n. A general. 
Gento y V h ^ ^ ^ n. The coldest season of 

winter ; extreme cold. 
Gen-UN y 5^ ^ V te dft n. Dizziness; vertigo : 

— turUf to be dizzy. 
Syn. xubuueei, memai. 

Gen-yu yi^a. if^^ n. The cause, origin : — 
wo tazuneru. 

Syn. OENIN, MOTO. 

Genzai yv'^>f |g, :gE n. The present time; 

the present tense : — no haha. the mother 

one now has. 
Genzan y v-j's^ ^gt — turn, to meet, see, 

present one's self to a superior : — ni iru. 
Genze y v-tf ^^ ^- h. The present world ; the 

present life (Budd.). 
Syn. IMA NO TO. 
Genzen y V -i^ V ^ ^ adv Manifest ; visible ; 

plainly. 
Genzoku y V */ ^ sj j^ To return to the world ; 

to abandon the priesthood : — sum. 
Genzu y V y if^ n ^he original picture, 

drawing, map or chart. 
Gbppaku Jfy*M^ ^ at n. (coll.) The last 

part of the 12th month (o.c.) 
Geppo yy^t^ fW^ ^ ^^^ monthly wages 

or pay. 
Geppu yy-f ^ K n. Monthly payment, or 

instalment. 
Geppu yy -f »6 Jt **• (coll.) Belching : — 

sum, to belch i — ga deru. 
Syn. OKUBi. 
Geppyo yytf-V^ fl ^n. A monthly tabular 

report. 
Gebaku y 9 ^ 'F Jf (coll.) — 8uru, to fall in 

price. 
Gebi y 9 'f ^ n. Diarrhoea. 

Syn. HARAXX7DABI. 

Gebo y ^ P 'ffifi n A low, vulgar fellow , 
formerly a servant in a noble family. 

Gebo y p t> -f ^ n. A dungeon, jail. 

Ge-btaeu f j^ n. Omitting the last part of a 
writing ; contracting the end of a word ; 
apocope. 

Gesan y 1^ V 'f tlj {yama too kudaru) To 
descend a hill : — suru. 

Gese.-bc yis^i'fif t.v. To understand, com- 
prehend, know. 
Syn. wakabu. 

Obsen y it V 'fjSi, Vulgar ; low ; mean ; base : 

— na mono. Syn. itashii. 



Gesetsu y -b y 'fi^ per. pron I; me 
(humble). 

Geshaku-baba yj^-V^/^^ -flf HI n. The 
elder son of a concubine, who cannot inherit 
the estate if there is a son bom of the true wife. 

Gbshi y 9^ n. (coll.) Going to bed ; retiring to 
rest : danna mo — ni narimashita, the 
master has gone to bed. 

Gbshi \yy^A^^ {toku, hodokem) t.v. To 

Gessubu j unloose ; to dissipate, disperse, dis- 
pel ; to stop ; to explain ; to comment on ; to 
understand: kono uta no kokoro xco geiu- 
bekarazu, it is impossible to understand the 
meaning of this song. 

Geshi y S^ 2 S Ji- The summer solstice. 

Gbshieu yi^a.^ 'f Ifg n. Lodging ; boarding : 

— turUf to lodge, board ; — j/a, a boarding 
house. 

Geseinabi,-bu y5^■^l^ i.v. (coll.) To go to 

bed ; to lie down ; to sleep : -7 tte iru, he is 

asleep. 
Geshinin ys^jiii^ fifXA n. One who is 

arrested, or who appears in the place of the 

real murderer . — ni torareru ; — ni deru ; — 

wo dasu. 
Gbshisbn ys^-tevg^jSn. Tropic of 

Capricorn. 
iGESHo y'itt^ adj Manifest; plain. 

Syn. ABAWA. 
GeshO y-te^ "f^ n. Wetting the bed : — wo 

naosu, to cure one of — . 
Geshoku yi^n 9 *f UK n. Low, mean, or 

ignoble employment. 
IGbshunin y5^3.= v-f^A.n. A murderer, 

or one who is the principal in a murder. 
Gesoku y y ^ f ^ °- Taking off wooden clogs 

and leaving them at the doors of theaters, etc.: 

— han^ the person who takes care of the dogs ; 

— dat, the price paid for keeping the clogs. 
Gessaku yy^P f^m^XL, First day of the 

month. 
Syn. tsuitachi. 
Gessha y y i^ '^ ^ ttt n* Monthly pay to a 

teacher : mn — , not paying a teacher ; grato- 

itous instruction. 
Gesshoku yy ^n 9 ^fi^n. Eclipse of the 

moon ; i.q. gioasshoku. 
Gesu y^ -f ^ n. (coll.) Low fellow ; vulgar. 
Gbsubaei,-bu y^/'T^i' i.v. (coll.) To be low; 

vulgar ; mean ; vile ; base. 
Gesui y:^# -F;X n. The menses. 
Gesui y^# FzK n. A drain, ditch; dirty 

water ; the water of a drain or spittoon. 
Geta y 9 T 58 n. Wooden clogs : — no ha, 

the two pieces of wood under the sole. 
Geto y h t/ 'f ^ Lower class ; inferior kind. 
Getsu y y J^ (tsuki) n. The moon, month. 

This ^Yord is only used for reckoning time by 

months ; as, ichi getsu, one month ; ni ka 

getsu. two mouths. 
Getsu- TA yyy fl ^^ n. A moonlight night. 

Syn. TsuKi-YO. 
Getsuyubi y 5^ 3 ^ t* H 9B H n. Mo^ay. 
Geya y-V f S n. A house or apartments 

built to connect with the main building. 



GEZ 



111 



Gin 



Gmzi -/■»/ 'f ^ n. A lower seat : — ni tsukUf 

to take the lowest seat. 
OizAi yiP>f "f Shi (kudashi-gitntri) n Purga- 
tive medicine. 
Gezah y-^ V ^i^ i.q. gei'Zan. 
6i :^ A masc. saffix to proper names, as 
Izanapif Kamirogi ; the fern, is mi. 

Gi :^ ^ n. A prostitute ; a singiug girl. 
Oi ^ ^ (taitu/itfti) Bight; jnst; proper; faith- 
ful ; patriotic : meaning ; signification ; affair ; 
bosiness, = koto : iehi gi ni mo oyobazu^ did 
not make the least objection ; gi ni mgireba 
katakuna ni naru, by being over much right- 
eous we become bigoted ; — no katai mono wa, 
a faithful person ; konoji no gi wa ikaga, what is 
the meaning of this word? — wo harut to rouse 
up patriotic feelings ; kono git this business, 
or affair ; mi^i no yt, the above matter; sayo 
no gi de wa nai^ it is nothing of the kind. 

Gun it^Tv VkM ^' Amotion or resolution 
proposed to a public assembly. 
Syn. DOQi. 

GmosHi ^i)f&<^ )S)F^^- The ornamental 
tops on the railing on Bud. temples. 

GiBUN ^-/^ 81 ^ o* The form or letter, as 
opposed to the spirit. 

Gi-BUTSU ^yy fif # {itntwari mono) n. 
A counterfeit or spurious article ; false. 
Syn OAUBUTSu, ntsemono. 

GiCHi-oiCHi, ^f-^f-adv. (coll.) The sound of 
creaking or grating : to ga — to naru. 

Gicb5 :^f*-v^ tt -i^ ^* The president or 
chairman of an assembly. 

fGzcHo ^f-'Tp i.q. gitcho. 

GidatO ii^ita.^ il^k.-^^- ^ musical drama, 
or opera. 

f GiDosANSHZ ^^*1>■1^^'S^ fltl^]^^ n A 
title in ancient times=Dai;ifi. ' 

Gm ^ 7 i$ ^ n. A harlot. Syn. jobo. 

GiGAN ^a ^ %3(^ n. An artificial eye. 

GiQsi ^y^ ^ If n. The arts. 

GiGEN ^/J^ ^"g" n. (itstiioari kotoha) n. A 
lie ; nn truth, falsehood; fiction; deception. 

GiGi ^^ n. A kind of catfish. 

GiHXi ^^>f Ji ^ n- A faithful or loyal 
soldier ; patriotic soldiers, i.e. volunteers, 
militia. 

GiHZTsu ^ b 7 {£ IPE (niie-fude) n. A forged 
writiug ; forgery. 

Syn. NISE-HFTSU. 

Gi-iN ^ >f V ^ H n. A member of an as- 
sembly ; a representative. 

Quo 4^^^ 3 ^ •jc Q* ^ singing girl. 

Quo ^5J-yi>flJi^n. A rule, law, statute, 
ordinance : — wo tateru, to enact a law. 

Syn. NOBI, OKITE. 

GuoHEZ ^i'^^^^i Mik^ ^' ^ military 

escort, or guard. 
GacAi :^^>f S ftf "• Meaning; definition. 

Syn. iMT. 
GiKBTSU ^^' 9 91 ^ n. An act or enactment 

by a legislative body: gi-in no — , act of 

parliament. 
GflCKUBi-To 4^ ^ ^ 9 h adv. Startled; alarmed 

abruptly : — Iiathiriyoru ; — to magaru. 



GiKWAN ^-^W^'gn. A member of the 
Senate, rIbo of the Sanji-in. 

GiKYODAi i\-t-"V^y>f ^ JLf^ The same as 
brothers. 

GiMMi ^i^^ ^^ !)• Examination ; trial ; in- 
spection ; judging ; inquiry ; choosing : tsumi 
bito wo gimmi stiruj to examine a criminal ; — 
wo nkeruj to be judged. 

Syn. 8H1BABE, TADABHI. 

GmoN ^f^J^ ^IH (iitagatte to) n. A ques- 
tion, interrogation. 

Gm-PAKU ^v^?^ ^fS n. Silver leaf. 

GiMU ^ A m ^ n. Duty ; obligation : subeki 
— wa naif under no obligation to do so , sayo 
na — wa naif no such duty. 

Gin =^ V ^ ( shirokane ) n. Silver ; — de ko- 
shiraetf, made of silver. 

Gin-dei :^ ft^ ^ ^ SkiJ^^' A kind of silver paint. 

GiNEM ^^2^ ^-^ {utagau omoi) n. Doubt; 
suspicion : — wo ahdzurUt to beget doubts. 

GiNGA ^ i^if ^\^ n. The milky- way 

Syn. AM A NO OAWA. 

Gin-k6 ^2^=i<ptJbff^' ^ bank, — shihet. 

bank note. 
GiNKWA ^ > ^ V fft IJf »• Silver coin. 
GiNNAN :^^v-hv n. A small white nut, the 

fruit of the ichd tree (Gingo biloba)^ poisonous 

when eaten raw. 
GiNNiKD ^v;i^ M'f^ Ji- The gums. 
GiN-sEKAi ^>-b^>f |ft-\l!:^ Ground covered 

with snow. 
GiNSHU nfi^ i^A $1^ i n. A capitalist, or one 

who advances the money. 
GiNBU i^ i^:^ $K ^ n. Silver money. 
GiNZA ^^v-ip Ui)^ n. The mint where silvei 

money is coined. 
GiN-zAiKD ^i^^ A if fftfgain Silver ware. 
GiNzuBD ^^/'J^A' '^ To sing. 

Syn. UTAU. 
GiBi ^9 ^ ^ Q' Bight , just , that which 

is proper, just or reasonable ; meaning ; signifi 

cation : — arxk haha^ step-mother ; foster 

mother; — wo shiranu hito da; — ni kanau; 

kono ji no — wa nani ka^ what is the meaning 

of this word ? 
Syn. DdRi. 
GiBi-DATE ^ 9 ^ T S Si ^ ^' (coll.) Doing 

jastly, or acting kindly to others : — wo sum. 
GiBiGiHi ^ y ^ 9 ^ ^ n. and adv. (coll.) The 

crown of the head ; the very lowest price . 

atania no — kara ashi no tsumasaki made^ 

froQi the crown of the head to the end of the 

toe nails ; — ikura made make nasaru^ what 

is the very lowest you will take ? 
Syn. TSDMUJi. 
GiBisHA ^ 9 S^'y jS^ BS n- Greece. 
GiBo ^vffj^^n. A prostitute house 

Syn. joBOTA. 
GiBo-GiBo ^vi^n adv. (coll.) Bright , shin- 
ing ; glittering : — hikaru. 
GiBON ^nv ^ f^ n. Debate-, discussion, 

reasoning ; argument. 

Syn. BENBON. 

GlBOTSUKI,-KU ^ p 9 ^ i.v. (coli.) To b« 
bright shining, glittering. 



GIS 



112 



GOB 



GisEi J^-^ ^ ffl[ it [ikenie) n. A sacrifice : 

mi wo — ni kyo surut to offer one's self as a 

sacrifice. 
GisHi ^ &^ H -jr n* ^ faithful or patriotic 

soldier. 
GzsHiKi ¥ i^^ ^^i^' Bite ; etiquette ; forms 

of ceremony ; celebration : — wo mamoru, 

SyU. HOSHIKZ, 8AH0. 

GisHiN ^ i^i/ ^t^ {utagan kokoro) n. Doubt; 
suspicion : — ga fiarenn anki too shuzu (proy). 
Syn. 0IN1EN. 

GiBSHiBi ^7^1; adv. Tightly ; closely ; snugly. 

Gis5 ^ :/ tf ^ i^ n. A councillor of state 
(sangi). 

Gisn-oisu ^7f,j^7f, adv. (coll.) In a haughty, 
proud, uncourteous manner: — aruku^ to 
walk haughtily ; — turu, to act proudly. 

GrrcHo ^ yi-yff n, A left-handed person. 

fGiTCHS ^ y f- -y ^ ^4t n. A toy shaped like 
a wooden mallet ; a game of ball. 
Syn. daxtO. 

Gmr AKU ^ 7 ^ 1^ HS {utagai) n. Doubt ; sus- 
picion ; unbelief : thinchn ni — wo shozuru, 
to beget suspicion. 

GizA-oizA if^^^ vulg. coll. tot kida-kida : — 
ni kinit to cut into pieces. 

GizEMSHA ^-tfa^S^-YiS^^n. A hypocrite. 

GizETsn ^-^y ^f^ ^' Breaking of! friendly 
relations or intimacy. 
Syn. ZBKE5. 

Qo zf ^ (kotoba) n. Word, lauguage, speech ; 
saying, sentence, adage ; 

Go =f ^ (nochi) After in time ; behind : gono 
go wa otozure ga nai, after that there 
were no tidings ; san nen go, after three years ; 
ten go, before and behind ; sono go wa ikaga 
desu, (used as a 8alutationj,==how have you 
been since we last met ? 

Go =f ^ A term of respect or politeness used 
in addressing a superior, prefixed to Chinese 
woL'ds,=honorable, excellent ; but frequently 
only equivalent in English to, you, your : go- 
yd ^i^, government service ; go-Iuitto, govern- 
ment prohibition; go kanai, your (honor's) 
wife; go shisoku, your sou; go chisO, your 
entertainment ; go ki-gen yoroshu gozarimasu 
ka, are you in good health ? go-men nasare, I 
beg your pardon ; okini go kuro, I am much 
obliged to you for your trouble ; arigato gozai- 
masu, I thank you ; go shinsetsu, your kind- 
ness; go-sunka de gozarimasu ka, are you 
at leisure? go setsu wa go mottomo gU go- 
zarimasu, what you say, sir, is quite true. 
Syn. OTO, ON, o, mi. 

Go =i* ^ n Noon : -^ go, afternoon ; — zen, 
forenoon. 

Go =f n. Beans maahed into paste for making 
tofu; also used by dyers to limit colours : viame 
no — , bean paste. 

Qo zf S. Five : JUgo, fifteen ; gojil, fifty ; go bu, 
five parts ; half an inch ; gobu-ichi, one-fifth ; 
go nin, five persons ; go tabi, five times ; go 
gwatzu, the fifth month ; go ka getsu, five 
months. 
Syn. ITSUT8T). 



Go =r ^ n. The game of checkers: goithi, 
the round pieces used in playing ; (white are 
called shiro-ithi, black kur0'i$hi) : go wo nttu, 
to play checkers. 

Go zf J^ u. The set time; appointed time; 
fixed time : — wo ozu, to put in mind ; sono go 
ni itatte yakujd xoo tomuita, when the time 
came he broke his promise ; rinjn no go ni 
nozomu, to be near the time of death ; hi wo 

— inru , to set a day ; toki wo — turu, to 
appoint an hour or fix a time, 

Syn. TOKI, NICHIOKN, KI. 

Gtoift^yt iyobu) A number : ichi — , number 
one ; — iurti, to call, name, designate ; na vo 
Sftdajird to — su, calls his name Sadajiro. 

Syn. NAZUKERU, TONpRU. 

Go :f ^ $K (t»nyoi) Strong ; powerful ; stout ; 
brave; intrepid: — teki, a powerful enemy; 

— xho, a brave general ; gO-hei, a brave soldier. 
Go =f7 ^ n. A measure of time of long 

duration used by the Buddhists ; a kalpa. 

G5 ift^ pfi (sato) n. A county or Bubdivision 
of a province '. — ni irite wa — ni $hitagae 
(prov.), when you go to a place obey its 
customs. 

Go ifi^ n. Anger ; resentment ; wrath : — ga 
7iiirH, or, — ga waku, to boil with anger. 

Go zfy ^ u. Business; employment, the 
deeds, actions, or conduct of man in this 
life or in a previous state ; aku — ^ ^, 
evil deeds ; zen — M-f^t good deeds ; thiku — 
|g H^, deeds done m a previous state of ex- 
istence ; ki-go i]p, ^, guiltless ; having done 
neither good or evil ; — byd j^^, sickness; 
supposed to be a punishment of deeds done in 
a previous state ; ji-go ji-toku [mizukara no 
go nite mizukara kwa wo uru), each one is 
rewaMed according to his own doings ; — no 
hakari 1|tff, a pair of scales in Hades in 
which the deeds of men are weighed; — 
tsukabari, old and avaricious person (in 
reviling). 
Syn. oxoNAi. 

Qo ay ^n. A measure, for measuring grain 
or liquids=:^ of a zhd, or 10.937 cub. inches, 
or 5 ^ ounces, Imperial measure. 

Go d* ^ n. The albuminous part of beans : kono 
•iname wa — ga zukunai, 

GoBAisHi if/^-f S*' 5,1^^ (fuzM) n. Gall- 
nuts. 

GoBAM =f/<?v ^tS n. A eheoker-board ^ — no 
ma, the squares on a checker-board. 

GoBATsn if^*<y £ IS ^ hair's breadth : -* 
mo chigai ga nai, not the difference of a hair's 
breadth. 

Gobi =f t? |§ ^ {kotoba no zhiri) n. The 
termination or end of a word : — no henkica, 
inflection of — . 

Gofio ^j^t^ ^^ ^' ^bc burdock. Lappa 
major. 

GoBUKTj zftf-/^ ?Hk — »""«i to bring into 
subjection ; to make submit ; akuma tro — , to 
exorcise evil spirits. 

GoBYo zf ^ p t^ft (ayamari) n. Mistake; 
error : zono zettu ni — ozhi. 



GOO 



lis 



GOK 



OocHiso rff--^"^ n. A fcnRt; entertainmeut ; 
EDjtfaiim ilone for tlie eutertAiumeut of guests. 
GocHo =rf-"V^ %ik "• ('"i^-^ Corporal. 
OoDAixiEi zt ^ ^ ^) ^ n. A kind of bout. 

GoDAx zf^i^ ykvx "• ^'1^® ^^^^ ^t 1" '^ pi^y J 

the last coarse of a dinner ; dessert. 
GoDATsu ii^itv ^3^ («?>"» ton<) n. En- 
croachment; violent or unjust seizure of wliat 
belougs to another. 
GoFtJ if 7 ^ ^ i^ n. A chai-m, or small piece 
of paper on which a sentence from the Bud- 
dhist sacred books is written by a priest ; it is 
sometimes rolled up, thrown into water and 
drank, in order to cure disease. Syn. mamobi. 
GoFUKn zfy^ i^ /!& n* Bry-goods. 
JOFUKDTA rf^^-Y^^R^n- A dry-goods 

store ; a mercer. 
GorrKU-ZASHi :f 7 ^ ^f 5^ ^ <!ft 7s. n. A 
measure of 2^ feet long used by mercers ; a 
yard-stick. 
GoFUH :f 7 V i^ n. Half a mamm«:=29.165 

Troy. 
GoFUH zfyi^ ^^ r\. Chalk. 
GooAEU zf if if t^^ n. The science of 
lan^oiagei liuguisticd; philology. — bIm^ a 
Uugoist. 
GoGBN i/yi^ n (worn, coll.) A future meet- 
ing; meeting again: ain-, no — wo vuiUh^ 
iraiting to meet on the morrow ; — vioji nite^ 
triien we meet again. See moji. 
GoGEN r/ys^ 7^"^ n. (worn.) Your words* 

— wo ttinomumoji. 
Guoi -ftr ^ ^ adj. Used as a coll. superlative, 
applied to anything great or extraordinary; 
Terymnch; exceedingly: — na liito^ a great 
man ; — ni kane ivo vwketn, have made lots 
of money; — w/ iharu^ he is very insolent. 
Go GO zfzf ^^ n. Afternoon*. - tan ji^ 
three o^clock in the afternoon. 
Syn. HiRusuGi. 
GoGo ifyzf^'f^ n. Meeting ; — sunt, to 
meet, be in time; be convenient; to suit; 
to he sufficient ; to understand ; accustomed 
or used to. 
Good zfffzf'f; adv. The sound of snoring, or 
roaring ; noisy : — to naru ; umi ga — to nam^ 
the sea roars. 
GoowATsu zf ^ V y S, 1^ n. The fifth 

mouth. May. 
Gooio zfi^-^^ JL:ff n. The five elements, 

viz., wood, fire, earth, metal and water. 
GoGTo -tf 7 y 7 -^ S (»higoto wo awaseru) 

Combination of labor ; association. 
GoHAK zf^^i^ ^^ (o-methi) n. Boiled rice; 
a meal; food: asa-gohan^ breakfast; hirn- 
goluzn, dinner : vn-golian^ supper. 
Syn. oozEN. 
GoHAKA zft^'\y ^coU.) Angry ; incensed ; en- 
raged : — dii kara ishu wo kaeshite yard, I am 
greatly offended and will have my revenge. 
GoBATTo zfr\'7h flfp >i iSS o. An imperial 

law or prohibit ion. 
QoEEi zf^^ il;p^ u. The cut paper, hung 
in miyas to represent the kumi: — wo ka- 
ttugu. 



GoHBi-KATBUOi d'-N-f -fj y ^ ?^flFi? Supersti- 
tious ; one who is observant of lucky or un- 
lucky signs : tire wa — da. 

GoHKN a* 'v v ^ iS prou. You (to cquMls) : — 
ra (plur.). 

G5h6 =f ^ 1^ tJt ^ ^ (okonai no niukui) n. 
The reward of conduct. 

GoiN =f ijr -f V ^^ n. Rape : — sum, to 
ravish ; to violate a female. 
Syn. a5KAN. 

G5-IN if i; ^ ly ^ Sfe n. Intemperance in 
drink; excessive drinking of ardent spirits; 
=gO'xhn. 

Go-iN :f >f V J, ^ n. The five musical notes. 

GoisAGi zfji-f^ n. The night hcion. 

GOJI zf i* ^ 4^ (mmnori t'lnwtsu) — sum, to- 
guard, protect, defend, kei>p. 

GojiN zf'psy flll$ n. The rear ranks of an 
army ; tiie rear part of a camp. 

GojiTBD zf ^ y 0^ H (nochi no hi) n. A 
future day; subsequent day. 

Goj5 zfz^^tf JL*^ n. The five cardinal 
virtues, viz., jin, gi, rei, chij shiti; humanity, 
uprightness, propriety, wisdom, and sincerity: 
— no michi ni tagawazu. 

Gojo zfi'-yt^ ^ ^ n. The command of a 
superior. 

Gojo =fi^s?-V^$Kt&n- (coll.) Obstinate; 
headstrong ; strong self-will : — wo haru, to 
he obstinate. 

GojoMOKu zfr^^i^ ^pISH ^- An imperial 
edict or proclamation published and hung up 
for the public. 

GGjoppARi if "l^ I? -y t; y ^\ ^) — ?ia, still- 
neckt'd ; obstinate ; headstrong. 

GojO zfrfy i-f- ai^i- Fifty: — ichi, fifty- 
one. 

Go JODAi zf s^zi. if 'I ^Xl^ {clairi ni irn) n. 
Eutering the palace (spoken of a princess 
tirnt entering the palace of the Mikado to be- 
came luH wif«). 

GoKA if tf ij ^i ■tH n. A wealthy or powerful 
house or family. 

Syn. MONOMOCHI, buoen. 

GoivAi z^ ij ^ X ?S n. The five Buddhist com- 
mandments, against stealing, lying, intem- 
perance, taking life, and adultery. 

GoK'i zf ij ^ n. The lugworm, Areuicola 
piscntoruin. 

GoKAKU rT*j5r ^ 2/ t^ or if--^ n. Even; un- 
decided (us a battle); a drawn game : — no 
tatakaif a drawn battle ; shubu ga — da, 
victory was undecided. 

GoEAKU i f5 n. Five-cornered, or angled; 
pentagonal: gokakukkei, a pentagon (dia- 
gram). 

GO-KANJO-BUOTO zf ft Vf^lT ^ 7*4^ "V tf ^llf? ^ & 

^^f n. The secretary of the treasury or 

superintendant of accounts iu the Shogini't 

govei*nm6nt. 
GoKB =f ^ ^ jl A widow. 

Syn. TAMOUE. 
GoKE ifi!;^ i.q. goka. 
GoKEi ify^A -^ If n. The sum; total; 

whole amouuk 



GOK 



114 



GON 



Go-KEN6HO =i*rvj^-V^ ^SW ^^^r health : 
— nam ya^ have you been well ? (used only in 
letters and sahitations). 

GoKETBD a^ ir "9 jt ^ n. A person pre- 
eminent for ability ; a hero, genius : \jo mida- 
rete — arawaru (prov.), in times of trouble a 
hero appears. 

GdKi iftf^ ^9* Q* Stout-hearted ; bravery ; 
coura^re; boldness: — ga nai hito; — na 
hito. 

GoKi 7 ^ ;fc ^ n. A wooden bowl : inu no 
— , a bowl used for feeding a dog. 

Gok6 zfit ^ i X ^' The five watches, ex- 
tending from 6 p.m. to 4 a.m. See ku. 

Go-KO dt9Vi; =K ^ (mUro no hikari) n. The 
gilt halo or glory back of a Buddhist idol. 

GokSkeshO zf :»^ y>^t^ |SFp ffi f^^ n. The 
title of a cl^ss of officers in the Sliogun's 
government. 

GoKOKU zfzi^^p] By and by ; in a few 
minutes. 
Syn. NOCHi-HODo. 

Go-KOEU 3* 3 ^ i -S n. The five cereals — 
wheat, rice, millet, beans, and sorghum. 

Go KoN =r 3 V iL tit "• (Bud.) The five senses, 
seeing, hearing, smelling, taste and touch : — 
no zokn no oxoru beki koto shiitki yori vw 
haualuidcuhi. 

GoKu =f ^ ifi adv. (coll.) Superlative degree; 
extremely ; eminently : — wai-uif extremely 
had ; — yoi^ the best ; — atiui, extremely hot. 
Syn. ITCHXOAN, hanahada, ito, ztatte. 

GoKu zf ^ H^ n. A jail, prison ; criminal 
cases; litigation. 

Syn. BO, BOTA, HITOTA, OOXUYA. 

GoKUDO zf ^ ^'f; n. A dissolute, profligate 

person. Syn. hobatbu. 
OoKuoETsu zf ^ ^/y :JS ^ n. The last month 

of the year. 
Syn. BHiwAsu, Jt}-Ni oatsu. 
GoEU-HiN zf^bv^^n. An article of the 

very be»t quality ; superfine. 
GoKui zf 9 A ^% n. The important or 

essential principle ; chief; chief point; object; 

gist ; pith ; myc#tery. 

S.vn. 6-Gi, oKuai, oeu-no-tb. 
GoKUJo =f^j?-VT5r S-tD- The very best, 

or highest kind ; superfine : — no shina. 
GoKUMON =j* ^ ^ 5^ f^ p^ n. The scaffold on 

which the head of a criminal is exposed to 

the public : nUo, exposing the head. 
GoEUBAKU zf 9 '7 9 ^ ^ u. Supreme bliss ; 

the place of highest happiness ; Paradise of 

the Buddhists : — ««&«/, Paradise; — Afkai 

ni twutrurn^ to enter Paradise ; — mo sJiiiJo, tiie 

inhabitants of Paradise ; kane sae areha iUu- 

mo — (prov.). 
GoBU-soTsu zf ^ y y ll^Jlf. n. A jailer ; the 

person wh'^ looks after prisoners in a jail ; 

a rascal. 
GoEU-TsuBUSHi =f ^ TT y J. Ift gj n. (coll.) A 

drone, idler. 
GoEUTA rf ^ -y 6^ ^ n. (coll.) A jail; prison. 

Syn. BoTA. 
Go-EWAN d* ^ y V X '^ ^' The five senses. 



GoEYo zf^yt; iM n. The five Chinese 

olassicrt. 
G6-EY0 if p ^ 7 St*ii {naki takehu) n. 

Crying ; lamentation; wailing : ten ni — ifurn, 
GoHA zf-r iJi^ n. The Sesamum Orieutalis : 

— no a&ura, the oU of the s. o. used for cook- 
ing ; gouia ico si<rtc, to speak well or evil of 
others from some selfish motive; to mcke 
mischief. 

GoHA ^ ^ -r F$ ^ D- Subjugating or conquer- 
ing demons : — no ri-ken^ the sharp hword for 
— ; — no »o, a terrible appearance. 

GoMA zfT^J^n. A Buddhist rite of saying 
prayers while fire is burning in a brazier: 

— wn taku, performing the above ceremony 

GOMAEA8HI,-8U zf ^ ft ZK, t. V. (coU.) To llOOd- 

wink, blind ; to conceal ; to cover up a fault, 
turn off by a device. 

Syn. MAGIBAEASU. 

GoMAUB d* -r ^ n. Dried sardines, same as 
yalsnkuri. 

GoMAM ift^-^i^^9, {takahuri) n Arrogance, 
haughtiness ; piide. 

GoMANOHAi zit } f\A n. (coll.) A thief who 
deludes and steals from travelei's. 

GoMA-sUBx d* -r 3^ 9 n. (coll.) One who, from 
personal motives, speaks well or evil of others 
to his superiors ; a sycophant, tale-bearer. 

GoMATsn ifi;^y S ^ C*^ «<> «"*0 n. (lit, 
end of a hair) With a ueg., not the least ; not 
a particle. 

Go MEN :f ^ i' ^ ^ (o ynrushi) Your honor's 
permission ; excused ; exempted ; pardoned by 
a superior ; permitted : — kudanare, excuse 
me ; pardon me ; — xdo negan^ to ask permisson 
of a superior; o-yaku gomen ni mitta, excused 
from public service. Syn. swaneyo. 

GoMi zf I ]^ n. Dirt; dust; litter; rubbish* 

— 7C0 hakut to sweep up dirt : — wo /uiraii, to 
brush off dust ; gomi-torit a dust-pan. 

Go!>ri zf I n. The Eleagnu«. 

GoMisiii zf I i^ £,^^ n. A kind oi 
medicine. 

GoxiiTAME zf I Si M n. A dirt heap, or hole 
for throwing refuse matter. 

GoMiYA =j* ? -Y n. Scavenger. 

GouoEU zf ^ 9 ® ^i^ n. Litter , dirt , rub- 
bish: — hiij a dirt-heap; place where dirt 
and rubbish are thrown. 

GoMOEU-UESHi d'^^^&^JSL^JiJcn. A kind 
of food made by mixing several kinds of 
vegetables with rice. 

GoMoN :)!/' i> * V ^ ffl "• Torture ; examin- 
ation by torture to extort confession: — tU 
kakete hakujD wo saseru. 

GoMu zf J- (Eng.) n. Gum. 

GoN zf y' ^^ Written with a title or oCIco, 
signifies that the person is superadded to 
the regular number of persons holding that 
title or office ns an assistant ;= vice, assistant, 
as: Mtuashi gon no kami^ Gon dai-na-goa. 

GoN zf^^"^ (kotoba) u. A word: ichi gon 
mo naif had not a word to say; aku — ipa 
kucJli yori idmazH, don*t utter a had word. 

GoNA =f «> -^ n. A small kind of mollusca. 



GON 



116 



GOS 



-GoKGO a* V d* "^If n. Words; speech; 
laDgoage : — no oyohu tokoro ni arazu^ that 
which no words cau express ; — do dan, in- 
expressible; unutterable; — ni zeuum, ex- 
ceeding the power of ]angnage. 

GonotS z:(^^^^ fh^f Industrious in the 
performance of religious ausferities. 

GosicHi =f ::i f- ^ g {nocJU no hi) n A future 
daj. 

Goxjo =rJ^s?"Y^ % Jl — ««rM, to tell or re- 
port to a superior. 

Sjn. MOSHI-AOERU. 

GoxKu d* V ^ "g" ^ n. A word or sentence : 

— mo demasetif cannot utter a word. 
G6n6 ifp^'fy ^ M, ^ ^ wealthy and 

powerful farmer. 
Goxsai d'v-^-^f -JJI^ (hari fio tstuna) n A 
concnbme. 
Syn. VEEAioB, sno. 
GoNzci zfs^y^ n. Enscaphys staphyleoides. 
Go-on zfjt^^^'a. The name given to those 
Bounds of the Chinese characters which were 
first brought to Japan. The Buddhists use 
these Konnds only. 
Goban d* 9 y ^It I'ook (respectful and used 
only iu speaking to another) : — nature ^ look 
heTe\ — ni ireru, show you; let you see; 
cJioren wo goranjita ha, did you see the 
parade ? 
6oHANji,-zuRU =f^ v^ii' t.v. To look at. 
Go&Ei if f; \^>f St '^ °- T^® word of com- 
mand, order : — tco JcHdasti, to give an order. 
Syn. a£ji, h-tsuke. 
CrCw jBT ^ 9 ig /S n. A farthing , a bit , small- 
est particle : — no tapai aenri no ayaniam 
(proy.) ; — mo Utgawanu. 
GoBiEi if f; "9 ^ ^ 7^ n. (coll.) A Rtrong man. 
Gobin a* 9 3^ i'l^ Fivo different layers of 
sculpture, one on tiie top of the other : — no 
to, a monament made of five styles of sculpture. 
GoBis rf 9 5^ JL fw n. The five human rela- 
tions of father and son, master and ser- 
vant, husband and wife, of friends, and of 
brothers. 
GoBo zf T» t^^ n. The combination of 
syllables iu a word, or of words in a line of 
poetry in respect of euphony or measure. 

Syn. SHIBABE. 

GoBo r/ w ^ P n. Camlet. 

GoRo-GOBo zf n zf rt adv. (coil.) The sound 
of rumbling or rolling, as of thunder, or of a 
v.'.igon, or ptirring of a cat: kaminari ga 
— to naruj the thunder rolls. 

GnRaji,-BU d* 9 ^ s^ >^ >•▼• To see, look: 
fjoroji fuisare, look; look here; yo hangaete 
gorojimaxe, consider it well. 

CoB^VO rf 9 ^f-'^ ?fp^i» n. The Council 
of State at Yedo in the reign of the Shogun. 

GoROTA zf T9 St n. A cobble stone. 

GoROTsuKi u" u y ^ n. (coll.) An idle 
vagabond, or bully 

GoKOTsuKi,-Ku zfrty^ i.v. (coll.) To lead an 
idle, vagabond life; loafing; to make a 
runibling noise; to have an uneasy sen- 
sation in the eye. 



GoBYo rf 9 -V t^ ^ ^ n. Domain or territory 
belonging to the Shdgun, 

Syn. TEMBTO. 

Go-By5 zf vt^ t^}^ n. Belonging to the Em- 
peror : — no ba$ha ; — no thina, 

GosAi d* -If >f g[ If {noehi no tnana) n. A 
second wife : — too ireru, to many a second 
wife. 

GosANNABE zf -f i^ -f- \y ifff ^ ^ inter. Come 
on, as in bantering an opponent. 

Syn. KIT ABB. 

GosE zf-fs^^ {nochi no yo) n. The world to 
come ; future state : — wo negan. 

GosEi if t^ -fi ^ ^ S. ^' A. fixed star. 

GSsEi A'^-b>f QJ^ adv. Miglity ; exceeding; 
very : — atsui, exceeding, or very hot ; — tie 
koto wo shita, 
Syn. GOGi. 

GosHA d* v' -Y ?fp ij: n. Imperial pardon ; 
amnesty. 

GosHi zfi^^%9\ (ato-kotoba) n. (gram.) A 
post-position ; also called thi-shi-gen or sashi 
kotoba. 

fGo-SHi ifyi^^^n. A wooden bowl or cup. 

GosHi ifi^l^^^n. A wealthy farmer who 
was allowed to keep arms, and, in case of war, 
to arm his servants and nssist his lord. 

GosHiMPiTsu d'S^yb'5' ^9[Jf n. The 
Mikado's autograph. 

GosHiNKAN zfl^i^^jy^i^^Jf^^n. An auto- 
graph letter of the Mikado. 

GosHiNzo zf l^i^'^i; ^jK'a^n. Your honour's 
wife ; miRtiess, when addressed by the servants. 

GosHo d**^^^ ^i n. The future life of 
happiuess (Bud.) : — negan, to pray for future 
happiness. 

GosHo d* S^ 3 ^ ^Jf- n. The Mikado's residence; 
the palace. 

Go-SHO d'S^'Vi^ .£ IS {itiintfin no sawnri) n. 
(Bud.) The five hinderances to a woman's 
becoming a Hotoke. 

GosHOEU iftrl^^^ SK'fe "• Eating vora- 
ciously ; intemperate in eating ;^=tai8hohtt. 

GosHU :J[rC'£^3. 5K jQ n. Intemperance in 
drinkiiig=:<yo/M. 

GosHDDEs d'5^=t.5ri^fl^:^|lJ n. The resi- 
dence of a daughter of a ihogun who was 
married into a noble's family. 

GosHD-iN zfi^=*.^^ ^^PV °' The ver- 
milion seal of the Shognn : — chi, land granted 
by the Shognn, to which his seal is affixed. 

GosHDYD zf i^ =1. a. $L ^ $1^ n. Boymift 
rutaecarpa; i.q. kawaluuhikami. 

Goso d* y ^ ^ 34 {''namori okurti) a, A guard ; 
escort : zainin wo roya ni — sum, to guard m 
prisoner to the jail. 

Goso ift^y 9{ 1^ (luttri ni uttd) n. A forcible 
complaint or petition made to government, as 
l>y a mob, or not in the regular order. 

GosDi =fx-f ^^ n. Sleeping in the day 
time. 

Syn. HiBUNB. 

Gosui zfy^^ JL g The five decays in the con- 
dition of tlie Tennin, when their period of 
happiness is completed (Bud.). 



GOT 



116 



GUD 



GoTA-ooTA zf » zf ft ady. (ooU.) Confased; 

mixed; j ambled together ; mingled: — $hiU iru, 
GoTAi rf ir >f X Si^ n* The fiye members of 

the body, aa thM head, arms, and legs; the 

whole body. 
Gotair5 zi » a -) fj ^;fc.^n« The prime 

minister of the Shogun. 
GoTAKD =f ^ ^ ItFp Ifc n. (coll.) A foolish or 

Billy word : sonna ni — wo tsuku na, don't 

talk snch nonsense. 
GoTAUAZA zf ^ ^-^ n. (coll.) Jambled together ; 

mixed together in confusion : — ni naru. 
GoTA-Ni zf fi z^ n. (coll.) A hodge-podge ; medley 

of different kinds of food boiled together. 
GoTATsuKi,-KU zf fi y p i.v. (coll.) To be jum- 
bled ; confused ; mixed together ; discordant. 
GoTEN zfT^ ^P^)J n- A palace; residence of 

the Emperor. 
Goto zf h -^ adj. Every ; each : hi — no koto, 

a daily occurrence; hito — ni, every body ; kuni 

— Ml, every country; hi — ni, every day; 

— ni, adv. 

Goto *' ijr h ijr 5g g n. Bandit ; robber ; high- 
wayman. Syn. Tozosu. 

Goto- GOTO to zf h zf h h adv. The sound of 
water flowing from a bottle ; gurgling . — oto 
ga mm, to make a gurgling noise. 

GoTOKi,-KU-SHi zf h ^ jip Like to ; similar to ; 
same manner ; same kind ; as, so : konogotoku, 
thus ; in this manner ; hito 7io gotoshi, like a 
man; moghi niosu tokoro no gotok^imba, if it 
be as you have said ; ware gotoki mono no 
oyobu tokoro de wa 7iai, it is a matter to whicH 
Buch an one as I cannot attain. 
Syn. tori, to. 

GoTOKu =f h ^ n. A three-legged iron stand 
used in boiling a tea kettle, etc.; tripod. 

GoTsu-GOTsn zfyzfy adv. The sound of hard 
things striking together ; harsh in sound : — 
to tataku. 

Gotta zfy^ adv. Same as gota : — kaesu, 
to be exceedingly confused. 

Gottobi zf y h ^) adv. (coll.) Sudden : — shinu, 
to die suddenly. 

Goya zf^ ^ i3! n. The night from 12 to 8 
o'clock. 

GoTAKu ift^y^ '^^ D. Gunpowder ' — 
gura, a powder magazine. 
Syn. ENSHo. 

GoTEi ^^A Vt.^ {mamori yuku) n. Escort; 
guard : Daijin no — .. 

Go-to zf ^ ^ S ffl — turu, to use interchange- 
ably. 

Goto rf a ^ ^ ^ Misuse ; erroneous use. 

Go-to =f a i> ^Wi ^- Government service. 

GoTOKU ifi^n^ ^^ Strong lust ; exceed- 
ingly covetous ; greedy, or avaricious. 

GozA =1*1^ ^ ^ n. A mat; common matting. 

GozA-FUNE ai'i^7^j^PjSj|&n. An Imperial 
yacht. 

Go-ZANOMA a-9^7'* ^]S^R3 n. The room 
in which a lord or master generally sits. 

GozABi,-BU =f -9^A' i.v. (coll.) i.q. kxuaru. To 
be putrid ; rotten. 

OozABi,-su d'-ff '^ |if)> S I'V* To be ; to have ; 



(respectful for am): gozarinuuu. I have; there 

is: gozarimasen, have not; there JB not; 

gosarimasH ka, have you? ie there* goxari- 

mcahd, I think there is, or I think I have; 

myo de — , it is so. 
GozB =f -1/ ^ -ic* °' ^ blind woman who goea 

about singmg and playing on the guitar. 
GozBN zfMi^ ^1^ Q* Boiled rice, or food 

generally. 

Syn. HESHI, OOHAN. 

GozEN zf-iii^ P 15 n. The presence of the 
Emperor; also, "your excellency," in sjienk- 
ing to or of an honorable person. 

GozEN zf-ii V <^ ^ n. Forenoon. 

Go-zo zf^p i]|i| n. The five viscera, viz., 
the heart, lungs, stomach, liver, and kidneys. 

Go-zoEa *'i> /^ ik^ ^' A powerful or iu- 
flnential family (on account of wealth). 

GozuME =f 5^ j» gjf^ n. A body of troops kept 
in reserve in case of need ; a reserve. 

GozuMEzu zf zf Ji^ y ^3^.%^^ T^- Demons 
having heads like the ox and horse, said ij 
act as jailers in the Bud. hades. 

Go ^ ^ — sum, to accompany ; go or take 
along with : tomo wo — sunt, to take a servant 
with one. 
Syn. ToaioNAU, xzanau, saso. 

^v ^ fi Tools; implements; a complete stt, 
or suit of utensils, instruments, furniture, 
armor, etc.: kami-thimo ichi gn, one Buit of 
dress clothes ; — sum, to furnish, make com- 
plete, arrange ; to have ; iku*a no — , imple- 
ment of war ; yorui ichi — , one suit of armoi. 

^u ^ iS (oroka) Foolish; stupid (used often 
as an humble word for one's self): gu-na 
hito, a dunce; gu-na koto too iu, to talk 
nonsense; gu-sai, my (stupid) wife; gn-soku, 
my (stupid) son ; gu-an, my (stupid) opinion ; 
gui-i, my (stupid) mind. Syn. baka. 

Go ^* ^ ^ Even numbers: ki-gu, odd and 
even numbers, — sU, even numbers. 
Syn. ch6. 

GuAi /Tb x. '^ n. The state, condition; 
the fit; the working or movement of thiugs 
which are adjusted to one another ; as : kono 
hiki-dashi no guai wa yoi, this drawer 
works neatly and smoothly; s?idji no guai 
ga warui, the screen does not work Bcnuothlv ; 
guai wa do da, how are you ? — tpo uao»u, 
to adjust or regulate. 

Syn. AHBAI, CHdSHI. 

Gu-BU-NiN /y ^ V f|t^ A n. The attendants 
of the Emperor in going out, or of a Kami 
when carried out in procession. 

GUBOTSO ^ y !> S ^ n. {oroka naru mono) A 
dunce, stupid fellow, blockhead. 

GucHi ^ f" S jft n. Nonsense; foolishness; 
silliness: — wo kohosu, to talk nonsense: 
07ina wa — na mono, women are silly beings. 
Syn. OROKA. 

GUDEN-GUDEN 9* 7 ^ J^ T ^' adv. (ooU.> Stcpid , 

insensible; (said of persons dead drunk): 
— ni natta. 
Guno-GCDO 9* b* 9* h* adv. (coll.) The soand ol 
complaining, grumbling : — im, to grambltu 



GUD 



117 



GUS 



•GuDON f ^ ^ j%,fy (oroka ni nibuki) adj. 

Foolish and dull ; ignorant and stupid. 
■0tjdot8uki,-ku, / I? 3^ ^ iv. (coll.) To loiter ; 
to dilly-dally ; to be slow and dilatory ; to 
gramble, complain : mini too gndoUuite iru 
yuku nara Junjakn ike^ what are you dilly- 
dallying about? — if you are going go quick; 
tiant wo — , what are you grumbling about? 
GOqkn y tr y i^ %'^ n. Metaphor ; parable ; 

fable Syu. tatoe. 
Guoo >* :f ^ ^ n. The food of the Tenshi. 

Syn. OMOHo. 
OuHo />N7 §4fi (^'5 wo kiroviem) To dis- 
eemiuate or propagate religious doctrines. 
Syn. 8EPPO. 
OuMii ^* V >f S B^ Ignorant ; stupid : — na 

watakitshi. 
GuxBAi ^ V /^ ^ ^ gt n. A fan used by 
military officers in giving a command: — 
ICO /iir«, to give an order. 
•Gumbt5 5^ 3^ b* -Y ^ ^ ^ n. Soldiers : troops : 
an army. 
Syn. GUNZEi. 
Gum ^ 5 tfe =JK n. A small edible red berry ; 

a species of dogwood, Eloeagnns. 
OuHo / ^ ^ S iS Ignorant ; stupid unedu- 
cated ; foolish : — no moito^ ignoramus. 
GxniFo jr* V df ^ iS^^ i| n. A swarm of bees. 
Guarpo i^ ^^<f; ^ Vi n. Military tactics, or 
rules ; martial law : — kwaigi, court-martial. 
Gujfpcxu ^* v/ ^ ^3^ n Militaiy clothes ; 

uniform. 
GuK ^ 2^ ^ (kori) n. The largest subdivision 

of a Arini, or ken ; a county. 
•Gun ^ ^^ ^ (ikxua) n. An army- war; 
military. — ehn^ in the army; iaigxin^ a 
Jarge army. 
GuNCHo ^ 2y*f-'T i; M-^ ° The chief officer 

of a county. 
•GrjTDAi yv^-f fll -f)^ n. The superintendent 

of a county under the Shugxin. 
Gun DAN / >- if' i^ Wm (ikusa no hanoiUi) 

11. War-st<)rie«. 
GrxoAKU ^'i^ if ^ ^^ n. The art of war ; 

military science: — ni tasxhita hi to. 
Gcsis y ^ i^ ^ /w {oroka naru hito) An 

ignoraut person; a fool. 
GuxiYA-ouNiiA / ^ -V / ^ "V adv. (coll.) 

Limber ; soft ; pliant ; flabby. 
'Gm^iYABi ^'^-V 9 adv. Soft; pliant; limber. 
Glsjih y ^ V ^ Wi^ (ikiua no kami) n. 

The go* I of war. 
GuNjiN ^* i^ f i^ ^ 1$ n. An encampment ; 

military camp. 
GcTNKAN y V * 3^ ^ IB {ikusa-bune^^ n. A ship 

of war. 
GoKXEN y >* ^ i^ fr> ffi "• The form of govern- 
ment opposed to the feudal system (ho- ken) ^ in 
which the officials of evei-y province and district 
are appointed by the ct^utral or Mikado's 
govern xnent, and hold their office at his 
pleasure, and where the revenue, naval and 
military power are under the control of the 
central governmeut; a muuarchicul froD> of 
government. 



Gunko / y 3 ^ 1^ ^ n. Military servicea, 

or merit. 
GuNBEi ^* V u >f 5p <$^ n. An order, or 

command given to an army. 
GuNBiTsu / V 9 y ^ ^ n. Martial law. 
GuNBYOKu / i^ 9 3 ^ Sp 7^ n. Military 

power. 
Guns AN /v9"V j^ ijt {muragari mairn) To 

flock together; assemble in droves. 
GuNRHi / 5^ s^ ^ ^ n. An army or military 

officer. 
GuNSHiN / 5^ 5^ V i^ S n. The whota 

crowd of servants ; servants of the Teiuhi, 
GuNsno / V S^ 3 ^ IP n> A history of wars. 
GuNso /v-lJ*^ ^ "If (mil.) A sergeant. 
GuNSOTstT sT ^ y y ^ 2j£. n. Common 

soldiers. 
GunySkin /vaiJf^^v^JH^ n. Aiiny or 

war expenses. 
GuNZBi /v-i/^ ^ ^ u. An army. 
GuNzoKU / V / ^ Sg 1^ n. An army-follower. 
GuKA-GDBA /9 /9 adv. (coll.) Unsteady, rock- 
ing, shaking, or unsettled in manner : fune ga 

— tni-n^ the boat rocks ; ie ga jithin de — ntrii, 
the house is rocked by an earthquake ; Ua ga 

— surn^ the tooth is loose. 

GURASHI, or GURAEASHI,-8U / 9 3^ t.V. (coll.) 

To cheat, defraud ; swindle by petty trick or 
artifice, or making out a false account ; to fail 
in one's engagements and disappoint by con- 
tinued delay (as a workman) : kane wo gurata- 
rete knnjo ga awann ; shigoto wo gurata. 

GuBASHZ-aioNo / 7 5^ ^ ^ n. (coll.) An article 
in the purchase of which one has been cheated, 
or swindled. 

GuBATsuKi,-Kn / 7 y ^ i.v. To bo fickle, 
vacillating, unsteady, shaky, unsettled, waver- 
ing : Unhue ga gnraUuite kaki-nikui^ the table 
shakes so that I cannot write. 

GuBB,-RO / v rt^ i.v. To be deranged ; out of 
tune: yakusoku ga gureOi, the engagement 
has failed; ki ga — , to be crazy; cftoshi ga 
— , to b» out of tune.' Syn. chioau. 

Gdro / r ^ S # "• Ridicule ; derision ; jeer- 
ing ; teasing ; making sport ; mocking : — sura. 
Syn. AZAKEBU, naburu. 

GuBON / n V JS^I^ n. Foolish argument; 
incouclunive reasoning. 

GuBosu ^* p 5^ v^E (Eng.) n.— 144 pieces. 

GuBu /;u u. (coll.) Accomplice or confederate 
in crime : fiifu — ni natte maotoko wo tag^rn, 

GuBUBi f A.' 9 adv. Around ; about ; in a circle: 
ie no — , around the house ; — to mawaru. 

GusA p*-^ adv. The sound of stabbing: abara 
wo gufa to UukUj stabbed him in the chest; 
fiodo wo — (rarer Ut shot him in the ueek with 
an arrow. 

GusHA / J' -V jS ^ >^' -^.n ignorant person ; a 
dunce, fool, simpleton: — ni mo ittoku ari 
(prov.), even a dunce sometimes does a good 
thing. 

GusHi / i^ % n. (wom.) The hair (only ased 
with o or mi preceding), as: miguskif your 
(honor's) hair ; ogushi wo agemashd^ let me do 
uj^ your hair. Syn. 



GUS 



118 



GYA 



OonoKU / y ^ ^ J^ n. A coat of mail; com- 
plete armoL' : — ya, nrmorer. 

OusoKU *f y 9 Jl- J^ — «<rM, to be complete, 
perfect, entire ; completely furnished ; to have. 

SyU. SOMAWABU. 

GuTA-ouTA f St 9* ft adv. (coll.) In a fiabby, 
limber manner. 

GuTARi-To y St *) adv. (coll.) In a flabby, 
limber manner. 

GuTAT8DKi»-Ku f S ^ 9 i.v. (coll.) To be lim- 
ber ; flabby. 

GuTTO ^ Tf h adv. In a flash ; in an instant : 

— nowi'koinn, swallowed it in one gulp, or, 
understood it at once. 

GuzEi-MO-ruNB /-tf ^ ^ 7 ^ ?A'iJ':2l-ffl-n. iq. 
Nori-no-fune» 

GSzBN i^*tf-^i^ 1H ^ By chance ; fortuitously ; 
contingently; accidentally: —naru koto, a 
chance affair; — ni atattn, hit by chance; — 
nidekita^ came by chance. 
Syn. TOTsuzEN. 

GOzo 5^ i> y* p JS fg n. An image, idol, 
statnc : — ni tsukaeru mono, an idolater ; — 
kyii, idolatry. 

GuzO !^ */tt §A si {hiromnrn) — turn, to spread 
abroad ; propagate by preaching. 

GuzD-ODZu / 9^ ^* 5^ adv. The sound of grum- 
bling, complaining; loitering; idly, lazily: 

— to shite orn, to be idle and loitering about. 
GuzuBi,-nu / 5^ 9 ^i tv- To tease, vex, 

annoy. Syn. nbdaru. 

Gu2UT8UKi,-KU *f Tf V 9 i.v. (coll.) To grumble, 
complain. 

GwABEi /y^^^f ^^-ffi^ n. A picture of rice, 
(met. )= useless and disappointing. 

GwAi ffvA ^ {)iQkny%olQ) Besides; above; 
beyond ; outside ; foi-eign ; alien : chikara — 
no hataraki too sum, to do something for 
which one had not the strength (but does by 
alight) ; kokoro — no koto wo n<, to say some- 
thing which one does not feel or believe ; thu- 
kyo wa ri — no ri wo toku, religion teaches of 
matters above what is natural— the preter- 
natural. 

GwAiBUN /y-fyv ^RJ) {lioka no Idko^) n. 
Publicity ; uotoriuty; reputation; fame; honor: 

— ga wttrui^ nshamed to have others know it; 
yoffe — (fa icarni, stop, it is a matter to be 
ashamed of; ie no — iii kakaicuru, to be 
injurious to the reputation of a family ; — wo 
uthiwiu, to lose reputation. 

GwAiBUTRU */ V A '/ y ^% (xotonomono) n. 
External things or objects ; things outside of 
one's self : — ni mayowmnrtirn. 

GwAuiw */v^^^ ^A "• An outsider, 
stranger; one who does not belong to the 
family, company or party. 

GwAiKEN f V A ^ ^^ jf\^ JL {»(^to no mie) n. 
External appearance ; outside ; showing any- 
thing to otiiers : — wo kazant ; — 27a wartii, 
don't let it be seen. 

GwAi-KoKU /*7-f=!^H0n. A foreign 
country': — j/«, a foreigner, ahen. 

GwAiiiEN ^' 7 >r ^ V ^39 (toto gao) n. The 
outside, exterior. 



GwAiMU ^p Jt A ^ ^ n. Foreign afltain r 
— kydt minister for — . 

GwAiMU-BHo, / 57 >f A Hr ^ ^ 1^ ^ n. De- 
partment of foreign affairs. 

GwAi-soFU ^vAyy ^fl5C n- Matema! 
grandfather. 

GwAnro /7>f9i> ^^ n. (med.) Local or 
external treatment of disease. 

GwA-Ki / 7 ^ X ^ n* Earthenware. ^ 

GwA-Ko /573*3E^"- ^ picture painter,, 
artist. 

GwAM jf'^v S5 (negai) n. Desire; request; 
prayer ; supplication ; vow : — wo tateru, to- 
make supplication, or offer up a prayer ; — 
wo kakeru, id.; — wo hatasn^ to perform one's 
vow ; — hodoki wo «?irM, id.; — ga kanota, 
the prayer has been heard. 

GwANOASE fV^if^T^- Making a vow : — wo- 
turn, 

GwANou fvi^f ^ iS — na. adj. Narrow- 
minded and obstinate ; bigoted ; stupid. 

GwANjiTsu fv^^^y 7Cl9 n. New Year's 
day ; the first day of the year. 

GwANEO / 5; y 3 ^19 (katalnnw) — na, bi- 
goted ; naiTow-minded and stubborn ; obstinate. 

GwANKiN /yi^aiv J^A (kuhito)ji. A bog- 
ging person, petitioner i begging priest. 

GwANBAX ^ t; 5^ 9 -f 7C ^ [moto yori) adv. 
Originally ; naturally ; anciently ; from the 
first ; from the beginning ; always before this ; 
heretofore : kono hito — yowai, this man has 
always been weak ; — t$iiyoi kuni naredomo 
imu wa yoioakn-mitta, it wan originally a power- 
ful state, but it is now weak. 

Syn. ZKNTAI, HONBAI. 

GwAN-Bi fv^^) 7C f •] Ji Principal and in- 
terest. 

GwANSHO fv^l^^ Si It (negai'Sho) n. A 
petition in writing ; — wo »<uhi-ageru, to hand 
up a petition. 

GwANso / r; V y 7c H n. Progenitor , fore- 
father ; founder ; inventor. 

GwANYAKU /^v-ViJ'^Ign- A pill. 

GwANZE-NASHi i^V >^-f-s^ jRsIt Iguorant ; 
inexperienced , without undei^stauding ; gwan- 
te lUi itfti kodomo demo yoi to warni wa clutn 
to ihirii, even a child knows well the differauce 
between right and wong. 

GwAppi / !7 y b* fl H See gnppl. 

GwASBHOED ^vy^n9 h^^' Eclipse of 
the moon. 

GwATsu i^v y f{ (t»uki) n. Moon , month . 
Bhd-gwattn, the first month; ni — , the second 
month. Syn. oetsu. 

Gyaeu 4^-V >• fif {okori) n. Intermittent ferer. 

Gyako 4^-V ^ ^ Contrary ; adverse ; oppoaifce; 
rebellious ; traitorous : — na koto, a matter 
the revei-se of what it should be ; — ni kaxoeru^ 
to count backwards ; — ni nagarern to flow 
backwards ; — xiini, to oppose; to be adverse. 
Syn. RAXAfiAHA, soaruKu. 

GyakupO ^"^ 9y ^ i$,M.n, A contrary wind. 
Syn. miikai-eaze. 

Gtaeui ^^9 4 2$ig n. Treason; treachery ^ 
rebellion ; perfidy. 



GYA 



119 



GYO 



GriitJo ^^p V^f; 3$.t {naho^e) n. Con- 
gestion or rush of blood to the head ; dizziness ; 
yertigo; madness : — snruy to be crnzy. 

GiAiuannf ^•V^^i'^Sn. A treachetoos 
or disloyal servant ; a rebel. 

GiakcbhC ^-^ ^ ^if 2$1ftn. Preparing one's 
eepnlchre, etc., or saying mass previous to one's 
desth, or that of another : — wo okonau. 

GiiKuzAx 4f-V^^f>' 3£S n. An unnatural 
labor. 

Gtakuzoku :^ -Y ^ y* ^ i$|S n. A' traitor, 
rebel. 

GiAMAN :^-Y^y agflj; n. Glass. 
Syn. BiiDOBo. . 

Gto ^ g 1»^ (tttpo) n. Fish : tai-gyo ^ ^., a 
large fish. 

Syn. SAKANA. 

Gto ^ h fSlti An epithet applied to the Mikado ; 
Imperial: — i ^piJc, Emperor's clothes: — 
Jten ^ £)), Emperor's sword; — mm, to 
govern, rule, manage ; to drive horses ; to 
act as a charioteer; kuniina ni notte uma 
wo nuo itnru. 

Gto ^7 ^ n. Business; occupation, liveli- 
hood : i ICO — to 8urut to follow the business 
of a physician. 

Qt6 ^-Y t^ ff °- Beligious austerities or dis- 
cipline ; the numeral for rows ; go — , 
the five elements; tan — , three rows, 
or lines ; — wo mru, to practice religious 
austerities, as fasting, pilgrimages; gyo-i 
ff ^j the white clothes worn by pilgrims i 
— *Mnt, to practise. 

Gtobtjsho ^ ^^-/Mff JPISH^n. The Board 
of Punishment. 

GTdDo ^lif'V^^T^ ffaS » The motion or 
progression of a heavenly body iu its orbit; 
the orbit. 

Gioru =^ 3 :^ ig -^ n. A fisherman. 

Syn. RITOSHI, 8UNAD0BI. 

Gt6oi i^^t^^ :ff fl{ n. Behaviour j deport- 
ment; manners; order: — ga warni, rude, 
iU-maunered ; — yoku narabn, sitting in proper 
order , — wo othierUf to teach good manners. 
Syn. 8AH5, ot5j5, okoiiai. 

Gt6-ot6shi ^^-r^^-V^S^n. The name of a 
noisy bird. 

GT60TOSHn,-KI-KU ^^f^if^i^if^ JJJI 
adj. (coll.) Shrieking ns in sudden fright 
or aneer; noisy; cliiniorons. 
{fToi ^ n 4 ^1^ (o kokoro) Imperial mind 
(used also to any honorable person) : — no tdri, 
as yorr *»xcel1ency pleases. 

Gtoja ^-Y^jJ-V ^f^ "• Gne who practices 
religious austerities, goes on a pilgrimage, or 
performs any religious work ; a pilgrim, hermit, 
anchorite. 

Gtoji ^-Y ^ s? ff $ »• An umpire, or judge, 
as of wrestlers. 

Gt6j6 ^-Y^a?-Y^ ^^ rt. Actions ; conduct. 

Syn. OKONAI, OTOTA, OTOSKKI. 

Gt5j68Ho ^1r»s?^i>5^a:ff J/ilt "• A 

biography, memoir. 
Otokei ^^tf^^ ^f J& n. The going out of 

the Empress, or heir-apparent. 



Gtoketsc ytr^y ff^M Coagulation ; con- 
gelation : — sum, to congeal, coagulate. 

Syn. HTOKKTSU, EATAHABU. 

Gyokko ^3^3^ in:, n. A lapidary ; one 

who cuts and polishes stoues. 
Syn. TAHASuni. 
Gtoko ^-Y ^ * ^ ?f ^ n- Going out (spoken 

only of the Mikado). 
Gy6-ko i^ 3 ^ ^ ijf Ift f$ (kobori-zaiwai) n. 

Unexpected luck or good fortune; a wind- 
fall : — titrM, to venture upon, adventure ; 

man-ichi wo — sura. 
Qyoku a^ n ft (coll.) The hire of a prostitute ; 

— wo hnran, 
Syn. AOEDAi. 
Gyokujin ^g^sJV'iA.n. A lapidary, or 

one who polishes precious stones. 
Gyokutai ^ n if ft ^ 5; §4^ (tavia no karndn) n. 

The pearly body (spoken only of the body or 

person of the Mikado). 
Gyoku-seei ^3 ^-te^* 3i^n. Precious stone, 

jewel, gem ; also gem and stoue, (met.) the 

precious and vile. 
Gyokuto ^3^^5:fen. (Lit. the pearly 

hare) The moon. 
Gyokuzui :^3^^>f ^^u. Chalcodouy, or 

onyx. 
GyOnen r^f-Yi^^v-ffif-n. The years of one's 

age (used only of one dead). 
Gyoretsu i^ y "^ x^ y if^] "• Procession; 

ranks, parade: — sum, to parade, march, 

or go in procession. 
Gyorin ^3 9 i^ 1^, SI n. The scales of a fish ; 

an order of battle. 
Gyorui ri^f 3 ^ -f ^a, 15 n. The fish class of 

living tilings; fishes : — wo tatHu, to abstain 

from firih. 
^Gyoryo ^ 3 9 -Y 1^ ^, P5 n. A dove color (of 

clothefl worn by the Teiinhi). 
Gy6sa ^-ytf'f ifil^ n* Conduct; actions; 

doings ; works. 
Gyosan ^•ytt'ti^ ^ lU (coll.) Veiymany; 
. amazingly great: — aru, there are a great 

many ; — na koto wo iu, or, mono wo — ni 

iu, to exaggerate. 
Syn. TAIS6. 
Gy5sex :^-Y^-^>f fl^^n. Condition ; state; 

aspect of affairs : tdji fio — wa mizfi na kotOy 

affairs were never in such a state as at present. 
Syn. ARISAUA, eeisei. 
Gyosei ^ -Y iJ' -It >f ^f^ Executive or admin- 
istrative functions : — bu, — department ; — 

ken, executive power. 
Gy6-8ei :*f'Yi>-b>fffil.n. A planet. 
Gy5sbki ^-Y^-lr^ ^fl^ n* Conduct ; actions ; 

doings. Syn. OYOJd. 
Gyosha :^3»^'Y (9^4f °- A driver, coachman, 

olfarioteer. 
GYosHijir i^ 3 S>^ V ^)S i^'^^* *«> nemuri) 
I Sleep (only used of the Smperor). 
) Gyosho ^'Y^>^3ff4ri^* ^ mode of writ- 
j ing the Chinese character more contracted 
! than the Kai»ho. 

I Gyosui ^ -Y ^ ^ >f ff /K n- Bathing with 
! warm water. 



GYO 



120 



HAB 



4GT0TAI 4^ 3 ^ >f ft. S n. An ornament, bag 

or badge of rauk worn by nobles. 
GTOTAiy^ir-f '0^ u. Congelation ; aolidi- 

fication ; (mod.) a tamor, or hard swelling : — 

Aurfi, to harden, oDgeal ; stiffened ; to adhere ; 

to be stabborn. 
Gy6tbi dtf^t^T^ JEil n. (coll.) Business; 

occupation: on — wa nani too na$arimaiu, 

what is your occupation ? 
Ototen ^lr » T 5^ W ^ (coU.) — turn, to be 

amazed, astonished, surprised. 
Syn. BiKKURi. 
Gyoto 4^ 3 ^ Tgr jSBf, ;i n. Fish-oil. 
Gtotto ^9 y h f§ adv. In an astonished, 

surprised manner: — odoroite nigera. 



Gto-u ^vtp flU^ ^ n. During the reign. 

Syn. TO, MiTO. 
GtoyO ^9 ^ t; ^aS (o fl#o6i)n. Amusement; 

play ; sport (only spoken of the Biikado). 
GtC 4^ ijr (uthi) n. An ox, cow : — niku, beef; 

— 6a, cow and horse ; — nyfl, milk. 
GyChei ^a.i>->.>f a]|f:^n. Volunteer 

soldiers ; militia. 
GtOhi ^"^ b 4^ Jt Ox hide; a kind of con- 

fectionery. 
GtOto ^tfhif i^ ^ {uthi hoto) n. Vaccine 

disease : — wo ueru, to vaccinate. 
GtCto ^t^ h adv. i.q. gutto. 



H. 



Ha ^y (coll.) The odd number, or that which is 
over aud above a round number, as: san- 
byakti ha, three hundred and odd, or the 
amount above three hundred ; go-ju yen no ha 
dono kurait how much is there over fifty yen f 
lia dake makerut I will deduct the odd number. 
Syn. AMARi. 

Ha j\ ^ n. Wing, feather (used chiefly in 
compounds); a large umbrella anciently carried 
over noblemen: ha-oto^ the sound of the 
wings ; ha-irOj color of the feathers ; o ha uchi- 
kara shita ro-nin (prov.), a poor and miserably 
looking vagrant. 

Ha j\ n. (coll.) Place ; i.q. ha : yuki 7ia ga nai, 
no place to go to ; awatete nige ha wo tuhinau. 

S^ ^'^ ^ (yaburu) — suru^ to contradict, 
oppose, defeat ; to break : enzettu wo motte 
gwai-kyd wo h€uuni. 

Ha ^N ^ n. A rake with iron teeth, used by 
farmers in breaking up clods. 

Ha ^\ ^ D. Sect; denomination j party; 
school: nani ha, what seot? 
Syn. shOshi, byO. 

Ha y> j3^ n. A tooth; {i]J%} the cutting edge 
of a knife, sword, etc.: — wo kui thibaru, to 
bite the teeth together, gnash the teeth ; — 
no f7amt, the toothache; — ga ukuj the 
teeth are set on edge ; — ga kawaru, cutting 
the permanent teeth; — ga haeru, to cut 
teeth ; — ga tatanu mono, a thing too hard for 
the teeth, (fig.) invincible ; — m awanu, not fit 
for the teeth ; not agreeable ; mae-ba, incisors ; 
ki'ba, tusks, or canine teeth ; oku-ba, molar 
teeth; mnthi-ba, a carious tooth; ire-ba, a 
false tooth ; nokogiri no ha, the teeth of a saw ; 
katana no lux, the edge of a sword, or knife ; 
ha wo nnkxi, to extract a tooth ; — wo kaku, 
to break off a tooth ; — wo migaku, to clean 



the teeth; — wo kui thibaru, to close the 
teeth tightly ; kuruma no — , the cogs of a 
wheel, also the rim or felloe. 

Ha j\ ^ n. A leaf: kino — , leaf of a tree; 
kono ha, id. 

Ha-ari >> T 9 ^^ JlK n. A winged ant. 

Haba j\/< n. The breadth: — wa nitliakH, 
the breadth is two feet ; haba wo turu, to take 
up all the room ; to crowd others out ; ma€- 
haha, the breadth in front ; ;/oA;o-^&a, breadth. 

Habaearawa8Hiki,-ku j\ /^ Vr 9 ^^ i^ ^ adj. 
Ashamed ; backward ; exciting awe, reverence : 
z=habakaru beki; — omou, to feel reverential. 

Habakari,-bu ?\^<fj/i^ ^ i.v. and t.v. To 
fear, dread ; to be backward, ashamed : aya- 
matte aratamuru ni liabakaru koto nakare, 
having committed an error, don't be afraid to 
correct it ; habakari nagara, I fear, or I con- 
sider it rude to say so, but (a respectful phrase 
used in apologizing for what one is abont to 
say, or do),=excuse me, beg pardon for ; Jutba- 
kari de gozarimasu, much obliged to you; 
thank you ; habakari ni yuka, to go to the 
privy. 
Syn. osoBBBU. 

Habaki j\/^^ fffs% n. The metal ring which 
fastens the sword-blade to the handle. 

Habaki >\W^ Mip n. Leggings. 

Sjm. KTAHAM. 

HABAMi,-un ^\ji<A ^ t.v. To oppose, preTeni, 

resist. Syn. sobauu. 
Hababi y\/>?9 ^if n. A lancet: — wo mosu^ 

to lance. Syn. hibababi. 
Habatasi j\p<st ^ n. Flapping the wings : — 

turu* 
Habattax jy,<yst4 (ooU.) FUled fuU; toe 

large for the mouth : kuchi ni — » the mootli 

stuffed full. 



HAB 



121 



HAD 



HiBERX,-Bn ^N-ow f% i.v. To attend or wait 
opon; to serve (used only as a substantive 
verb : to be, to have, same as toro) : vare set- 
fill no sola ni haberite, I being at the side of 
the sage ; Jtaherinn, pret.; Jmberan^ fat. 

Habi >n if I^ Q a cuntraction for han no At, 
the odd days of the month. 

Habikori,-ru ^ If 3 a- Jf 54 i-^« To spread ; to 
mnltiply, increase, extend, disseminate ; (met.) 
to be arrogant, conceited; to become more 
powerful : kiisa ga habikottaj the grass Las 
spread all about ; deki-mono ga Jiabikotta, the 
eruption has spread; ano liito wa kabikotte 
ont, that man is puffed up, or, makes a swell ; 
shuthi ga ~, the sect spreads. 

Sjn. FUEBU, SHIQERU, HIBOGABU. 

Ea-boki ^^/^1> ^ ^^W "• A feather brush. 

iHiBOSHi ^>iit l^ u. Drying the feathers (as a 
wet bird). 

Habotan ^^;j^irv -tf- g n. Cabbage. 

Habu j\-f u. a kind of snake common in 
Leu-ken. 

Habukarebu ^^•ffj'i^A' 1^ pass, of habukn: 
nno hito wa nakama too jiabukaretaf that man 
has been left out of the company. 

Habuki.-ku ^^-/ ^ ^ t.v. To lessen, diminish, 
curtail ; to shorten ; to reduce in number or 
quantity ; to deduct, subtract ; to abbreviate ; 
to elide, abridge, cut ofF, insulate: katu too 
— , to lessen the number ; Utiie wo — , to re- 
duce expenses ; ji no kakti wo — , to abbreviate 
a word (in writing) ; ogori wo — , to curtail 
extravagance in hving; nakama wo — , to 
dismiss or turn out of a company. 

Syil. HEBABT7, OXNZUBU, GEM-SHO SUBU. 

tHabuki ^^ 7* ^ n. A bellows. 

Syn. Fcioo, fueioawa. 
-tHABUKi^-KU >»^ y ^ t.v To flap the wings 

(as a bird in flying). 
f Habubase.-bu ^^y^ -^^ caust. of habtiri, to 
transport to an island (as a criminal) ; to 
throw one's self away. 
Haburi -^^ "/ 9 ^^ i& n. The flapping of wings; 
(met.) power, influence, authority: — ga 
yoknnatta. 
Habubi -'^ 5^ 9 a^J^n. The form or appear- 
ance of a leaf : kotio tabako no — wa warui, 
Habcbi,-bu -'^y^ i.v. To flap the wings ; to 

overflow (as a river). 
Ha-bushi 9\-f l^ A tfS Q* The teeth, in respect 
to size, arrangement, color, etc.: — na tsuyoi, 
strong teeth ; — ga yoi, fine teeth. 
fHABUSHX ^^ -f l^ n. Wing : — m kaukomuy 

together under the wings. 
Habutab -'^ y .« -n ^ j:i J[ n. A kind of white 

silk fabric. 
Hachi >fN ^ adj. Eight : hachi-jH^ eighty ; jU- 
haehi, eighteen ; — tabi^ eight times. 
Syn. TAT8U. 
Hachz .r\^ (coll.) Used in 'the phrase, liaehini 
mm, to turn oil or dimiss from employ ; to 
break an engagement : hichi ni iareru, to get 
tamed off; to have an engagement broken; 
liaehi wo kutta, id. 
Hachi vn ^ ^ n. A bowl, pot, basin : atama 



no — , the skull ; tuki no — , a flower-pot ; kU 
bachi, a brazier; kibachi, a wooden bowl; 
ueki ni — , two pots of flowers ; — awase wo 
iuru, to bump heads. 

Hachi .^Nf* j$ n. A bee, wasp: miigti-bachi, 
the honey-bee ; kuma-bachi^ a bumble-bee ; — 
110 «M, a bee-hive ; — no harit the sting of a 
bee. 

Hachibai -^Nf*/^-f Af? n. Eight-fold. 

Hachigaots ^^^if^ n. Frontlet of a helmet. 

Hachi-gwatsu j^^ ^ V y A /^ The eighth 
month; August. 

Hachiku ^^f- ^ i^^ n. A kind of bamboo. 

Hachieu -'n f* ^ sSt ^T The splitting of a 
bamboo: ikioi Iiachiku no gatokti^ a force or 
power which breaks whatever opposes it as 
easy as splitting a bamboo. 

Hachimaei ^^i"r ^ n. A haudkerchief tied 
around the htiad ; a turban. 

Hachi HAN j\i--ri^ AJJ n. Eight myriads; 
eighty thousand. 

Hachiman yN f- -r 5^ A tS An Emperor of Japan 
of the 16th dynasty (about a.d. 276), in whose 
reign the Chinese classics and art of weaving 
were introduced into Japan. He is now wor- 
shipped as the god of war. 

IHachiman-za >»'k f- V 3^ -if n. The topmost part 
of the helmet, where the god of war was 
supposed to dwell. Syn. tehen. 

Hachi-mitsu j>^i- % y ftS n. Honey. 

Hachimoji jsi-^^ A^ n. The character 
for eight (/n): — wofumu, to walk with the 
toes turned in ; parrot-toed. 

Hachdiono ^^ f* qg ^ n. Grilled, stewed or 
roast meat. 

Haceinin-gei /»Nf-rivy>f AAS5^ A 
ventriloqniflt ; ventriloqui.^m. 

Hachisu >»^f*x 31 n. The Lotus. 
Syn. benge, haru. 

Hachi-tataei ^^i- St St ^ fi^ Pp n. A begging 
priest who goes about beating a metal bowl, 
or a bell. 

Hada j^st filL n. The naked body; the bare 
surface; the skin; the shoulder: katnluida 
nuide shigoto wo iuru^ baring one shoulder to 
work; moro-liada nugi, both shoulders bare ; 
katana no Jiada^ the naked blade of a sword ; 
ki no hada^ the body of a tree (the bark re- 
moved); hada no knroi hito. a man with a 
black skin ; moto yori otoko no — toofarenai^ 
never had carnal intercourse with a man. 

Syn. HADAE, SAWA. 

Hada-ai ^>^7 b u. The texture of the skin; 

(fig.) temper ; disposition : — no arai hitOy a 

bad tempered person. 
Hadas ^"^s^^ ;|f n. The human skin (same as 

hada) : kin no hadae, a beautiful skin. 
Hadagi ^^^^ 9)L^ n. A garment worn next 

the skin ; the shirt. 
Syn. jiBAN. 
Hadaka ^^jtis jgf^ Naked; bare: kimotto wo 

nuide — ni naru^ to take c^ the elothes and 

become naked ; ano hito wa — de irti, that 

man is naked : — ni shite sagasu, to search 

one by stripping off his clothes. 



HAD 



122 



HAG 



Hadaxauuoi *\it ij ^a^ n. Bye. 

Hadakabi,-bu ^^it-yi ^ i.v. To be open wide : 
htidttkari ni tatsu^ to stand with the legs wide 
apart; kore wo kiku ni asamnshikn me kuchi 
hadakarite ohoyn^ when they heard this, they 
opened wide their eyes and moath (in astonish- 
ment). 

Hadaka-uha *^ it ij fy -r n. A bare-backed 
horse; a horse withoat a saddle. 

Hai>axb,'R17 ^^^^n* t.v. To open; to nn- 
cover; to stretch apart, stretch open: futokoro 
too — , to bare the breast ; me too — , to open 
the eyes wide; knchiwo — , to stretch open 
the month. 
Syn. hiraku. 

Hadami ^>^ ^ ^^# n* ^he naked body: — 
wo ynnmij to .yield to the embraces of another 
(spoken of a woman) ; also (fig.)* to lay open 
one's whole heart to another ; mamori hukuro 
wo — ni tsiikete hntiasanu. 

Hadan ^^^i/' ^ ^ n. Breaking, or violation 
of, one*8 word or promise ; yakutokn wo — ni 
«Mn«, to break a promise or contract; engnmi 
ga — ni natta, the marriage contract is broken 
off. 

Syn. TABURU, SOMrKU, SOWARB. 

Hai>anict5 ^> ^ V ^ "Y ^ C 9. ^ n. An almond. 
HADANnai,-oi7 »y5? / ^SL i.v. To be bare, or 

naked to the waist : hadanxtite ont^ to be 

naked to the waist. 
f Had ABA I ^^ ^ 7 adj. Scattered ; not close to> 
Habarb jgether: yuki — nifuru, 

Syn. mabara. 
Hadabb j>^-^ Kjl n. Bare>back: — ni norut 

to ride bare-buck ::=hadaka-nma. 
Hadasbi ^y^i^ feSb n- Bare-footed: — de 

aruku, 
IHadatachi ^\^ St i- n. Cutting the skin or 

flesh; wounding: iki no — , catting the skin 

of a living pei*son. 
Hada-tsukx >> • 7 ^ ¥i ^' The pad beneath 

the saddle ; also a shirt or garment worn next 

the skin ; a purse or wallet. 
Syn. hadagi, jiban. 
Hadatsitxi /\^ y ^ n. Toxtnre of the skin. 
Hadk >> ^ adj. Gay ; flue ; gandy ; showy : hade- 

na kimono, gay clothing ; hade-iJia, a person 

fond of dress ; a fop ; hade-ni kirn^ to dress 

gaily. 

Syn. HANATACA, DATE. 

Bab orHATu j\=». n. The minnow or dace; 
Leuciscus elongatus. 

Hab ^> a ^ Bright; brilliant; splendid: 
auabae^ appearing best at sunrise; yubaet 
looking best at sunset; hae nni wnza da, not 
a respectable business ; 5i nam wo motte hae 
to «}ini, pride themselves in having it large. 

Hab >»>-n n. A fly; i.q. Jiai. 

Hab j\ -^ n. A pile, heap : makihae, wood- 
pila 

fHAB ^'^x. n. Eclipse of moon or son. 

Hab,-bu .r\ ^ ^ ttv. To stretch, spread out ; 
I to wo — ; eode wo — . 

tHAB,-BU ^^^n^Hk i.v. To shine ; to be bright ; 
to look well ; to make a fine appearance. 



Hae,-ru j^^a^ i i.v. To grow, as grass ; to 
sprout up, shoot up: ktua ga hueta, the 
grass has sprouted; hiyoko ga haeta, the cbick 
has come out of the si tell ; kami ga huetn, the 
hair has grown out (where it once was shared 
ofF) ; kahi ga haeUt, it has moulded ; hi (7<t 
liaeta, has cut its teeth. 
Syn. oiBc. 

HAE,-Ra ^> ^ ^ t.v. To pile up ; to arrange 
in a pile : tawara iro — , to pile up bags (of 
rice); JiimoUu wo — , to pile up goods. 
S^n. TsrMu. 

Habbaeshiki,-ku-bhi -'n^/^'v 5^ ^ adj. Bright 
brilliant; splendid. 

Haeoiwa ^"^^^^^ 9M^' ^® ^S^ ^^ bnrilei 
of the hair. 

Syn. KEOIWA, KAMiaiWA. 

Hae-saoari,-ru ^^^-^if a^ i I^. i.v. To grow 

downwards. 
tHAET8UKi,-KD ^^x.y^ i.v. To be eclipsed: 

hi ga haeUnhnrn. 
Hafu ^^y f$ jS n. The gable of a hou«<e. 
t HaeurakashIj-su ^^ 7 9 *^ t.v. To disregard; 

to cast away. 
iHAFCRE,-RU -'^ 7 w A* i.v. To becomo poor, or 

mean ; to deteriorate. 

Syn. OCHIDURBRU. 

Hafuri -'^7 9 j^ n. A priest of a Shinto 

temple: — ko, id.; — me, a priestess. 
HAFnRi,-Rn ?sy A^ i.v. To move or clap the 

wing!) (as a bird in flying). 
IHafuri.-ru *^y a^ i.v. To flow, overflow : to 

spread over (as a river). 
+Hafuri ^N7 9 {homnri)T\. A funeral. 
tHAPURi,-Rn -^>7 iw t.v. To bury, inter. 
JHafcri-mono -»n7 yqe/ n. Articles used at 

a fuueriil. 
Hagab j^ij*^ n. Shedding the feathers, or 

leaves ; moulting. 
Haoai ^^ ^* b X n. The wing or feather of a 

bird. 

Syn. bane, trubasa. 
Haoaki ^"^if^ ifliif IX. A memorandum; a 

note ; also ^ ^ a postal card. 
Ha-oami ^^if I *5<! ^ zi. Grinding or gnashing 

the teeth ; — iro sunt, to gnash the teeth. 
HAOAMi,-Mn ''^:fir A i.v. (coll.) To be ashamed; 

diffident; backward; shy: hagand^ mtikkuna 

kao wo fttrti, to be diffident and blush. 

Syn. HAZUKAAHIOARU. 

Haoanb ^^f^^'\fi| n. Steel. 
Haoare,-ru ys-mx^n^ ^ ♦) P^M- o' hagu. To 
be stripped ofVolothes, or bark: ttizok-v w 
kimono wo hagai^ta, to be stripped ol clothes 
by thieves. 

t.v. ^\ To stnp off, flay, 
ake bald : atama too — . 



HAOA6HI,-8n JSif 

pull off, denude, 
Syn. HBOASu. 
HAOAsnui ^"^if-^ \ 
collects on the tei 

Syn. HAOT780. 

Ha-oataub ^^a St ^ 



}^ u. The dirt which 



^h. 



__ _ n. Hardening 
teeth ; a cake of liioc/it, made in the sh 
a mirror, eaten bn new year's day: 
ibiMuri, medicine gf)od for the teeth. 

r 



fiAG 



128 



HAG 



H&OATUI.-KI-KTJ-BHI J\ifsa.^ ft fV (^j* etch- 
ing of the teeth ; setting the teeth on edge ; 
the excitement felt in beholding a contest of 
any kind, and desire to help the l^eaker party ; 
the desire to try one's hand at what others are 
doing ; itching to interfere : hagayuku omou, 
hagaymkite naranu, 

Sjn. MODOEASHIKU OMOU. 

Haox,-bx7 >^ y ^ t.T. To fix the arrow to the 
bow. 

HAOx,-Bn *>'*^A' i.y. To be bald, bare, de- 
nuded, stripped, divested of covering ; to peel 
off; to clear oil : atama ga hageta^ head has 
beeome bald ; neU iru nehi m futon ga hageta^ 
while sleeping the cover got off ; u»o ga hageta, 
the lie is exposed; untshi ga hageta, the 
▼amish has peeled off ; kabe ga hageta ^ the 
plaster has fallen off ; hi ga — , the son has 
eome oat. 
Syn. AMXRU. 

Haox-ataha -^n y t ^ 't n. A bald-head. 

Hao«mashi,-st7 ^^y^-K lEfr t.v. To urge on, 
ineite, stimnlate, qaidken, rouse up ; to ani- 
mate, encourage: ki wo hagemasn^ to rouse 
the spirits ; koe too — , to speak with a loud 
and stem voico. 

HAOEMif-ain ^N^A 9& !•▼• To exert one's 
self ; to strive at ; to be diligent, assiduous, 
ardent, zealous in doing: shigoto wo hagemn^ 
to be diligent in business ; hagende gaknmon 
vfo f >frii, to study wit|i zeal. 

Syn. FOixvATsn suru, ski wo dasu, tsuto- 

UEBU. 

Haok3Ii-ai,-au -'^ y ^ T b IB '^ j-v- To strive 
together for anything ; to vie with each other ; 
to contend for. 
HAoxBETi,-Kz-zn ->N ->* 5^ -f fl adj. Violent; 
Tehement ; furious ; severe, as of wind, rain, 
fire, waves, anger, ete. 

Syn. TsuToi, xiBisHn, abax. 
HAosTAafA j'syy^ n, A mountain bare of 

vegetation ; bald-mountain. 
Haoi ^^ ^ ^ n. The Lespedeza, or bush 

clover. 
Haoi ^^^ W^* The shin: fukura-hagf, calf 

of the leg; — no hone, the tibia, shin-bone. 
Haoi,-gu -'^ / ^] t.v. To skin, flay, peel off, 
dennde ; to strip off the skin or clothes : kawa 
wo — , to skin ; k%trai wo — , to deprive of 
rank ; kimoTio wo — ; m< nn kawa haide mo 
afjeru kijn, though I have to strip off my own 
skill I will give it. 

Syii. irnxu, ruoasebu, uekubu. 
Haoz,-gu ^\ f t.v. To patch ; to join flat things 
together; to veneer; to face with different 
materials : ita wo — , to patch, or join boards 
together ; hagi-hagi no kimono, clothes made 
of patch-work ; tate wo ^-, to made a shield. 
Syn. TSUGU. 
Haoi,-ou ^^ f jSH t.v. To feather an arrow : 
ya fro — ; ttiiru wo — , to fasten the string to 
the bow. 
fiaorxKO ^N^^a n. (ooll.) Patehed clothes; 

patch -work. 
fHAGXJCo >N^« n. Troi^sers ; leggins. 



Haoibi '^^^ 9 ^b7 n- Gritting, or gnashing 
the teeth : neUi — wo Kitriif to grit the teeth 
in sleep. 

Haoishibi ^^ :^f j^ »; 4?7 ^ n. Grittinjj, or gnash- 
ing the teeth. 

Haoitobi,-bu /n ^ h h. t.v. To strip off the 
clothes, and take them (as robbers). 

Haoi-tebi i\if a >; n. A collar faced with 
other material, as : hirodo no — , a collar, the 
outside of which is faced with velvet. 

Haoo y^zf ^^ ^ n. A kind of trap for catch- 
ing birds : — wo ktikeni, to set a trap. 

Haoo ^n :/ ^^ ^ n. A shnttle-cock. 

Haoo-ita /\zf^ St ^^^^n. Abattledoor. 

Hagoku >n rf ^ ?8[ f^ {rdyaburi) Breaking out 
of jail. 

HAaoKi7Hi,-MU ^\zf^A ^ t.v. To rear; to 
bring up (by feeding) ; to nourish, support; to 
cover with the wings (obs.) : thoni wo — , to 
rear up a child. 

Syn. SODATEBU, TASHINAU. 

Haooromo -^n :f n ^ ^i| 5^ n. Feather garments, 

especially thuse worn by Teuvin. 
Haootab /\zf Si ^ ^ S ^' Hard to the teeth ; 

hard to chew : tdfu wa — ga nai, to fa is easy 

to chew. 
Haouchi-ooe f^y^zf^ n. A compost made 

of night-soil, loam, and straw. 
Haouki /a / 1 M n. The gums. 
tHAanKUHi,-MU -'^^•^a t.v. Same as /ifi/70. 

kmnn, 
Haouma /n / -r "^ak u. A white bear ; a white 

tassel fixed on the head of a spear. 
Haounsbi >^/i^^«>f g^SPS."- The con- 
stellation '* Great hear." 
HAGUBAKASHt,-fln >^ ^ '^ 'Sl'K cBUst. of htipur^. 

To strip off, denude ; to tease, make sport of, 

jeer. 
fiAGijnB,-Bn ?\ ^\^ fu 38 ^'^* To be stripped 

off, made bare, denuded, uncovered, separated; 

to run to one side, fly the track ; to escape : 

kimono ga — , to be stripped of one's clothea; 

t/ture ni hapnrete hitori de kita, losing my 

companion by the way I have come alune ; 

futon ga — , the quilt is off. 
Syn. BOREBO. 
HAODRi,-nu /N / >u ig t.v. To turn over a 

covering; to turn up, or uncover: honwo — , 

to fold over the leaf of a book; futon wo ha- 

gutte mirn, to turn down the bed quilt and 

look. 
Haoubo j\ »/ V) fim ^ n. The black dye used 

by Japanese married women in staining tbe 

teeth. 
Syn. KANE. 
tHAauBom » / a >i n. The black stain for- 
merly used on the teeth. 
Syn. SANE. 
fHAGUBUMA /\ / ;u -r n. Winged chariot (such 

as the gods rode upon). 
Hagusa -'> y "9" n. Tares, weeds : ine no — aru 

ga gotokn^ like tares mixed with rice. 
Hagcso 9^*f V n. The dirt or tartar ^hicb 

collects on the teeth. 

Syn. HA0ASX7MX. 



\ 



HAH 



124 



HAl 



Haba yN V ^31. Mother : hahn-buiij like a 
mother, the port of a mother ; luilia-kata no 
shinriUf relations on the mother's side. 

Syn. OEKASAN, O-FUKUBO. 

Hahago ^> ^ zf =mother ; (used only by child- 
ren in speaking of the mother) : — ito go-tai' 
go, tlie death ol cm- mother. 

Hahaki ^'n V 41 i^ n. A broom ; same as hoki, 

Hahakioi ^n k 4^ :^ n. Kochia scoparia. 

Hahamoji ^> V * s^ n. Mother; (used only by 
women in writing). 

Hahon v\ Tjt V ^ ;^ n. An imperfect book ; an 
incomplete or oroken set of books. 

Hai >n >f ^ n. A fly : — no harui^ the pro- 
boscis of a fly; — ga omaimono vi takaru, 
the flies collect on sweet things ; — wo ou^ to 
drive away flies. 

Hai j\^ v^ u. Exclam. used in answering; 
same as /M,=yes ; — to lienji turn. 

Hai ^^^ M n. Ashes: ishi-bai (stone ashes) 
lime ; hai too kakinarasiif to level the ashes 
(in a brazier). 

Hai js^ ^ n> The lungs : hai vn tOy the 
lungs ; hai kimho^ inflammation of lungs. 

Hai ^^ ^ ^ a wine cup ; full ; everywhere ; all 
over: ippui, one cnp; ni hai^ two cups; xan- 
baif three cups ; chtncan nhi-hai no viitu, four 
tea cups full of water; — loofukumUf to drink 
wine ; tai-hai, a large cup ; ippai ni Uugii, to 
fill it ; — ni naruj to become full ; Uuki ippai, 
one full month: Tokyo ippui ni hirogara, to 
spread all over Tokyo. 

Hai -'n -f f-f. {ogamn) To bow reverently ; to 
worship : — wo snru^ to bow, worship. 

Hai -'N-f ]lg — sum, to abandon, give up, 
throw aside, leave off, put away ; to abolish, 
abrogate, disannul, repudiate: gakumon wo 
liaisuntf to abandon study ; kurai wo — , to 
depose from rank ; han wo — , to abolish the 
Daimiates ; kisoku wo — . 
Syn. SUTERU, yameru. 

Hai ^\jf J^ — anruy to be defeated ; to be 
broken, discomfited, routed: teki no gunxei 
ga haishita, the army of the enemy was 
routed. 
Syn. yabureru, haeebu. 

Hai j\^ fiZ — «Mr«, to match, equal, compare 
to ; to mate, join together: sono toku wa hi no 
hikari ni hai-su, his virtue is equal to the 
light of the sun. 

IHai -''vb n. The root: hasu no — , lotus- 
root. 

Syn. RENKON. 

Hai,-au ^^7 %1S} i.v. To creep, crawl : hatte 
kum, to creep and come ; mimizu ga michi wo 
hatte koeta, the worm has crawled across the 
road; hau mushi, a creeping thing. 

Hai.aoabi,-ru >'n b T *• ^ at J:, t.v. To ascend 
by creeping ; to creep up. 

Hai-ban vn >f 7'? 3/ S fij o- Cups and plates : 
— rozekiy the cups and plates were mingled 
in confusion. 

Haibo >»^>{7>?^ Pk,'^ (make-horobiru) — sunt, 
to be routed, scHttered and destroyed. 

Hai-boku -»^ ^f 3|f ^ Hfc ^b imake-nigern) n. 



Defeat : ^ sum, routed ; put to fiiglit ; du 
• persed. 

Syn. HAiso. 
Haibdki y> -{ •/ ^ /5c «'JC' ^- Silver ingots. 
Haibun y> -{ y s^ fit ^ (kubari-wakeru) — turn, 

to distribute, apportion, divide, share. 
Haisutsu ^s^ y y JS *H7 {f^itare mono) A ueo 

le»s thing; something only fit to be cast away. 
Haicho ^"^ >f f- "Y i> JS.i^ Ceasing from govern- 
ment or public business, as 011 the death of 

an imperial prince. 
Haicho >'^'ff--V1>%$n. A safe to protect 

food from insects. 
Haicho /^ A i"^ f^ ^)?S "• (eqcI.) Emphysema 

of lungs. 
Haidatb ^^'i ifT ^^ n. Armor for the 

thighs. 
Haiden ''^ 'f t V f^® n. A hall for worship 

in front <»f a Mhjn, 
Hati>oku -'> >f 1* ^ 7? 91 {itadaki-yomu) : — 

»ani, to reverently read. 
Haidoku '''^ ^ 1^ ^ ^ 5j& n. A fly-poison. 
Hai-en <»n ^ jc V fip iJi n. (med.) Pneumonia, 

i.q. hii-kiivho, 
Hai-etso vn >f jn ^r f^ |IJ (let.) — suru, to look, 

to see; to present oue^s self: — wo togeru, 
Haifuki -'"^ -f 7 =^ /j^ '^ n. A section of bamboo 

UKed for blowing the tobacco ashes into a 

spittoon. 
Haioa /\ ^ if ?? 5? fa" f^ifipi inoshi-ageru) 

Felicitation, or congratulation to superiors: 

— snru^ to felicitate, congratulate. 
Haioaku -»n -f *• ^ J6 ^ {gakumon wo yameru)z 

— turn, to abandon study; cease learning; 
hi*ashiku — itashimashita, I have for a long 
time ceased to study. 

Haioan ^^ 'i if i^ ^^M — s^mi, to meet, see, 

(polite). 
Haioo 'f^^ ify fii'^ — mm, to match, pair, 

mate ; join together in one; to couple together: 

fu/u wo — Kuni. 
Haiqo ^s ^ zf n. Eggs of a fly , fly-blow : — 

no tsuita, fly-blown. 
HaigO -'^ -f / !> fit j?5 "• -^ couple, pair, 

match; a spouse: — turn to unite, as in 

marriage ; — wo mhinau. 
Haigun -'> -f if i^ 9k ^ (niake'ikiua) — (unr, 

to be routed, defeated : — wi nam. 
HAiGTd />4y'y JS Sc {nariwai wo yamerai 

Giving up or closing one's business ; throwing 

up one's occnpHtion. 
Hai-iri vn b >f V n. Creeping into; a lov 

entrance into a house. 
HAi-iBi,-Rn />h 'I A- t.v. To creep into. 
Hai-iro vn >f V n 0{^ n. Ash-color ; gray. 
Haijin ^^ ^ s? V -yg a u. An invalided or 

disabled person. 
Hauin >»> ^ 5? V ^f , a n. A teacher, or pro- 
fessor of haikai. 
Hauu vn >f s? a. 1^-^ (itadakxi) — »Mrit, Co 

respectfully receive! (from a superior). 
Haika 'f^Afj fit 'p ^1. The persons under tbe 

command or jurisdiction of another ; subjects : 

waga luiika no h&i, the troops under 1&3 

command ; — ni z^kii ttiru. 



HAI 



125 



HAI 



Haikai >^ -f ^ >f fi^ |§ n. A kind of veree or 

poetry of seveuteeii syllables. 
Haiian ^'^-f * 5' ^^ (lit. lungs and liyer) 
fig. — wo kudaku, to do with great mental 
labor, or pains ; — too iHi-nuku^ to see through 
a person. 
Haikei ^n >f ^ >f f$^ I respectfully state ; 
beg to sav, (nsea only in the beginning of 
a letter). 
Haiken -f^ a dr >■ ^^- Ji^ — «nrM, to look, see 
(respectful, to be used only in speaking of 
one's self) : — ita*liUo gozaitimsn^ I would like 
to see it, if you please ; o-zashiki wo — shitai, 
I wish to see Tonr parlor. 
Baiei ^^>f =4* ^^ (suteru) — auriiy to reject; 
not to pass (as u proposition to a deliberative 
body) : gian tco — gum. 
Hai-komi,-mu ''n b 3 a 3^ 5^ t.v. To creep into. 
Haiewai 'f^A P V 'i fiMRI (tachi-viotorxi) — 
mru, to go about ; to ramble; to roam, rove, 
wander about ; going hither and thither ; 
prowling about : kono goro wa tozoku ga — 
thite orn, at present robbers are prowling 
about. 
Haikt58Ba -'N'f^^S^-V ^^^ (oahie ni 
tomuku mono) u. An apostate; one who 
has forsaken the faith. 
Hai-matoi,-oc >'^ b V > 7 3f ^ t.v. To creep 

around ; wind around (an a viue). 
HAiaiEi >N >f ^ >f f f ^ Keceiving an appoint- 
ment to office : shokikwan ni — surUt to be 
appointed to the office of secretary. 
Haucen ^N>f ;i V ^ ?5 {kao wo Homukerii) 
Having the back towards; turning the back 
towards ; the back, rear. 
Syn. usHiBO-MUKi. 
Haimbn -'^ >f ^ V f^ ?5 (o wttf ni kukaru) To see, 

or aieet : — wo togeni. 
Haimto ^^A ^-y t^ j^^ :^ n. The fictitious 

name subscribed to a haikai. 
Hai-nobobi,-bu ^^h J i^f^ ^i.^ To creep up ; 

ascend by creeping (as a snake). 
Hai-oshi ^'^ >f i* i^ ^ $ n. A small shovel 

used for adjustin;? the ashes in a brazier. 
Haiban -'^ >f 9 V f i 8 Same as haiken. 
Haibase.-bu, J^Ay-^A' canst, of haini^ to 
make, or let enter into : hito wo ie ?ii — , to let 
a pei-son enter the house. 
Haibei >'^>f v>f ?^iS n. The worship of a 
divine being : kami wo — turuy to worship 
God. 

Syn. beihai. 
Haxbetsu yN >f !• s' ^}. ^] {nnrnhe soiiaeru) 
— sum, to armii^e ; tu net or place in order. 
Haibi.-bu ^\>f a- a i.v. (coll.) To enter, go 
into; to hpld, contain: ynni — , to take a 
bot bath ; ie ni — . to go into the house ; hebi 
pa ana ye haitta, the snake has gone into the 
bole ; vakama ye — . to enter a company ; vie 
ni ffomi ,ja 7m£f<a, has got dust in the eye; 
kono chawan wa mizn ga nani hodo hairo ka^ 
how mnch water will this cup hold? 
Syn. iBU. 
Haib6 -»n >f p ijr W? fu' »• (mcd.) Consumption; 
pbtbisis. 



Hai-ru -rs^ A' BE ^ n. Banishment ; — sunn, 
to banish, exile: kimi ni kairu gerareta, 
banished by his prince ; — no mi 

Syn. BBIMA-NAOASHI. 

Haibto -'> >f 9 -V ^ ?¥ ^ — ^w"* to respect- 
fully receive, as a present from a master, or lord. 
Syn. cBODAi. 

Haibto ^n >f 9 g fitljl^ {kokoro wo knbaru) 
Care; anxiety ; solicitude ; concern ; tiouble : 

— 7ii oyobazH. 

Haisatsu j\A'^ y it ^L (kuhari ftida) n. A 
charm distributed to the worshippers of a 
temple. 

Haiseki /n -f "b ^ ^'lH (liarai shirizokent) 

— snniy to oppose, withstand ; to drive away ; 
to check (as by argument). 

Haisbm -'^ ^ -b V ^ ^^ n. A basin for wash- 
ing 0UpS,=:=0 itltnuixli'. 

Haisetsu ^^4 -^ y '^) fSt (M^i kudashi) Vomit- 
ing and purging: — ^ant, to vomit and purge 
(as in cholera) ; — hiUsUt the discharges. 
Syn. TOSH A. 

Ha-isha ^>>f 3^-V ^V n- A dentist. 

Haishaku -'^ >f S^ -V ^ f?fa (^ '''^''* wi'"««) 
Borrowing, or respectfully requesting another 
to lend : hon wo — guruy to borrow a book ; 
knne wo — sunif to borrow money ; haishaku 
kiVy borrowed money. 
Syn. eabibu, shaeuto. 

Haishi y\A s^igf jJ:. — zuniy to abolish, annul, 
cause to cease, abrogate: — ni narUy to be 
abolished. Syn. tamebu. 

Haishi ^^ >f s^ ^ 3^ n. A novel ; fictitious 
story-book ; romance. 

Syn. KUBAZOSHI, bhosetsu. 

tHAi8Hi,-sD js jf 7^ t.v. To paste anything 
on the back of a picture, etc., in order to 
strengthen it. 

Syn. DBA UCHI BUBU. 

Haishitsu ^> -f v' 5» Jg :^ — no^ maimed ; 
crippled ; disabled. 

Haisho >^> >f »^ 3 @E p/r u. a place of banish- 
ment : — de yonda vta, poetry composed 
while in banishment. 

Haishutsu j\Jt i^Ay V ^ — turn, to come 
forth in great numbers ; to swarm forth. 

Haiso ^^ a y 9$^tfi n. (leg.) — sum, to 
lose a law suit. 

Haiso -'> -f y t> ^ ;fe — '"'"r to flee away 
defeated. 

Syn. MAKETE NIOBBU, HAIBOKU. 

Haitai ^\^SfJi HJ^^ (kizasu) — sum, to 

spring up ; originate (as an evil). 
Haitaea ^n >f ^ ^ n. A female falcon or hawk, 

Aocipiter uisus. 
Haitatb /\A ^f- M^ n- Shield or armor 

for the legs ; grenves. 
Haitatsu ^\ a 9 y fi& aj — mrUy to distribute 

(as letters) : — ?tt/*, a distributer (of letters) ; 

postman. 

Syn. KUBABU. 
Haito *^4 y Same as Iwyato. 
Haito -'n -f ^ i> iE. "S" (kuhari-ateru) — snn^ 

to distribute, apportion, allot, assign, share. 

Syn. HAIBUN, WABITSUEEIIU. 



HAI 



126 



IIAK 



Haitobi /\>f > 9 n. Fly-poison; fly-trap. 
Haitorigcsio 'n ^ V 9 / ^ n. The garden 

spider. 
HaitbukubaRI ^n >f 5^ ^ /-? 9 i.q. heitsukubari. 
Haitaku ^n >f -V ^ ^ ify {yaku> ni tomuku) 

— sum, to break a promise, covenant or 
engagement. 

HArso j> ^ 3 t' ^ A (zned.) n. Palmonary 

abscess. 
HaiyO ^> >f >f ^ ^t gj {waza-okUhi) n. A 

play actor. 

Syn. TAKUSHA. 

Haizai ^N>f f-'^f S&Mn. Dispensing medicines ; 

consultation of doctors : — *iiru, to dispense 

meiUcines ; — ttirtii to consult together ; islia 

ga atgumatte haitai t/<ita, the doctors met 

and pre8cribe<l. 
Haizumi ^> >f tC ^ /^ S n. Black paint made 

of powdered cliarcoal. 
Ha J A ^^ s^ -v 5ft ^ Destroying the false 

(doctrines) : — kenalui, destroying the false and 

bringing out the truth. 
Hajaya -»Ni?-Y"Y n. A tea-shop; tea-store. 
Haji .^\f-* "^ u. Shame; disgrace; reproach: 

— \co Uaku^ to be put to shame; to be 
ashamed ; to be disgraced ; — na*i, without 
shame ; — toioUn \co Jiaji to sum, considered 
thieving to be disgraceful ; — tco nutugu, to 
wipe away a reproach ; — Itaji wo kaktuu, to 
hide one's nhanie; hito ni — tco kakaseiti, to 
insult, or put another to shame ; haji wo haji 
to omoiraneha haji kaitaru tavieshi ncufhi 
(prov.), if a shame is not considered shameful 
there is no need to be ashamed 

Syn. CHijoKU. 

Haji j\ j? (coll.) i.q. hashi, 

Haji,-bu ^^ i-' /u ^ i.v. To be ashamed ; to 
feel ashamed ; to be abashed : ano hito ga ha- 
jita, he is ashamed ; hajite kttni wo chikuten 
shita^ ashamed, he absconded from his 
country. 
Syn. CHIJOKU ni omou. 

HAJiOAMASBiKi,-En ^^i'ii'^l^^ adj. Shame- 
ful ; disgraceful. 

Hajijiromi,*iiu .^n f-* >; a a i.v. To be bash fid, 
diffident, shy. 

Hajikami >'^f••^ 5 i^ n. Ginger. 
Syn. sHooA. 

Hajikabi,-bu -'^ s? » a. i.v. To be burst open ; 
to be expanded, spread open: hajikari luatd 
de arukn^ to walk with the legs spread apart. 

Hajika8E,-bd ^n 5? ^ -te ju caust. of Jiajiku. To 
cause to or let jerk, etc. 

HAjiKE,-Rn -'N a? ^ A. i.v. To burst or split open 
from inside pressure: meshi wo tauto ktttte 
hara ga hajike »d da, 1 have eaten so much 
I feel ready to burst , tawara ga liajikeia, the 
bag has burst. 

Syn. HAZEBU, BABAKEBU. 

Hajiki >\^^ n. A spring ; a jerk, snap ; a kind j 
of game played with the fingers. 

Hajiei,-ed ^> s? ^ i^ t.v. To jerk ; to snap ; to 
cause to move with a sudden spring: yuhi 
100 — , to fillip ; to snap the finger ; torohan wo 
*— , to move the balls of the abacus with a 



quick motion ; mizn wo hujiUn yd ni obura w§ 
hiktif grease it so that it will turn oB. water; 
f'/o wo — , to twang u ftrina*. 

Hajikioanb f\i*^if^ ^^ u. The hammer 
or cock of a ^un-lock ; u spring. 

Hajimabi /n s? V 9 ^^ n. Beginning ; com- 
mencement ; first state or condition ; origin : 
toxhi H'j — , beginning of the yearifiuhin no — ; 
ningen no — . 

Haji>iabi,-bu /N5?viu ^ i.v. To be begtm; 
commenced ; originated : fiushin ga — , the 
building is conuneuced ; iinti yovii'lMJimatta^ 
has ju.st now commenced reading ; hnjimaranu 
(coll.), to be of no use; Jmaide ottemo haji- 
nuiraxu, being oast down won't mend it. 

Hajimb /n s? ^ ^^ n. The beginning ; the first 
of any pix>ceH8 ; tiieorigin ; the commencement : 
tosthi no — wo gaii-jitsu to t», the beginning of 
the year is called gan-jitau ; kvre wo — to ««, 
to begin here, or do this first ; hnjime-uwari^ 
beginning and ending ; fir^t and last. 

Syn. 8HOTE, SAISBO. 

Hajime,-bu /\^ jf n^ $a t.v. To begin ; to com- 
mence ; originate ; to set about, to enter upon : 
fushin wo hajiineta,h&\e commenced to build; 
yomi-hiijLweta, has begun to read ; kore kara 
Jifijimete miyo, begin at this place to look. 

Hajimesa8E,>bu ^n $? >» ■9- -fe /u caust. d 
fmjiineni, to cause or let another begin or 
commence to do. 

Hajiubtb /n s? ^ T %J adv. For the fini 
time ; at first : — o vi*t ni kahtn-u, I see you for 
the fir>t time; — Yokuhntna ye kita, this is 
my fiibi visit to Yokohama. 
Syn. UATsu ni. 

tHAJiMi8B,-iui /> ^- I -fs A- t.v* To make 
another fed ashamed. 

Hajio ''n 5? 7 n. Tartar that collecta about 
the teeth. 

Hajirai,-au /n f 9 y ^ ^ iv. To feel 
ashamed ; bashful. 
Syn. HAZUKAsniOARn. 

Hajiro /n s^ w ^^ ]^ White winped. 

Hajiro-kaitsumuui j^i^xtij^vf^^ n. The 
eared grebe, Pi»dicepH auritus. 

Hajishirai,-ad ^n i-'i^'7 y i.v. To be bashful ; 
shy ; diffident. 

Syn. bazukabhioaru. 

Hajishi j\ if l" n. Tlie gnnis. 

Haji8HIMe,-rd /n f j^ >r *u ^ (coll.) To make 
another feel ashamed ; to di>^rai-c, insult. 

Syn. HAZUBABHIMERO, HAJI WO KAKA8UBC. 

iHAKA j\ it (ate do) n. A place to go to; 
wandering about without aim or object: 
izuko — to uaku, no place to ro ,to. 

Haka ?\ij 1^ n. A grave, tomb, sepulchre: 
— wo horn, to dig a grave ; — wo ab'ikti, to 
break open a grave. 

Haea /n fj n. This word is only nscd in com- 
pouudri, as : — ga yuku. to be rai^id, or t-ffi- 
cientin doing; to beezpeditiouH ; — ga ynk«t9iH^ 
to bestow ; not doing rapidly, or expeditiously ; 
hitori shigoto wa — ga yukuuii, when work is 
done by n single peraon it is slow. 

Hakaba >^ a /> j^ ^ n. A cemetery, gravcjrard. 



HAE 



127 



HAK 



HiKAB&KASHn,-Ei-Kn ^^fj /^fj l^ ^ adj. Quick; 
active ; speedy ; expeditions ; rapid : — Am nai, 
to be slow, tedions. 

Hakachi /n:^^ Ij^ili^ n. A cemetery, grave- 
yard, burying-ground. 

SyO. HAKABA, HAEAWABA. 

Haxaik>ra8E,-ru /\-fj 1^ 9 -It ** caust. of hnka- 
doru. To hiisten, quicken ; to forward ; to 
m^celerate ; cause to do with dispatch, or 
rapidity, 

Hakadoui -Ru j\fj i^ A' i.v. To be quick ; make 
Fpeed ; to be prompt, active : thigoto ga taUb 
htikmiorimaahita, you have done a great deal 
of work in a short time ; luikadorazuy (neg.) to 
be slow. 

Syn. BACHI OA AKU, HAEA OA TUSU. 

Haxai f's-fj ^ !% ^ (ininshime wo yaburu) 
Breaking the comiunudmentb of Buddha : — 
no sd, a priest who transgresses the command- 
ments. 
HiJU-jiBusHi >^^^s?^>'£^ n. A tomb- 
stone, monument, or anything that marks 
a grave. 
Haxava j^fj-^ ||^ n. Pantaloons ; the loose 
trowsers formerly worn by samurai : — too 
haku, to wear trowsers ; — no viachi^ the 
crotch of the trowsers ; — no kothi^ the board 
on the back of the trowsers ; war a no — , the 
sheath aronnd the stem of wheat. 
Hakajiagi j\ij'^i^ ^^ n. The ceremony 
of putting on the hakama for the first time, 
at the age of 5 years, always celebrated on 
the loth day of the 11th month (o.c). 
Hakamairi ^^^-r^^ fill »• Visiting the 

tombs for worship. 
Haxamaji ^^:«v^ ^^ n. The cloth of 

which hakama are made. 
Hakamobi v'n ^ ^ 9 j^ ^ n. The keeper of 

a ceraeterv ; a sexton. 
Hakaxai,-ki-shi ^\^-J--f HfflE adj. Frail; 
weak ; perishable ; fleeting ; evanescent ; tran- 
sient ; insignificant ; mean ; trivial : hakanaki 
fcoe, feeble voice ; naUti miuhi no hi ni irti yori 
hakanaki waza nari, it was more evanescent 
than the life of a summer insect flying into 
the fire ; — inochi, fleeting life. 
Syn. WAZUKA, eabisoub, chotto, yowai, 

HOBOX. 

Hakakaku -»n * -h ^ j£ S& *dv. id. — naru^ 
to die, or pass away quickly ; — kiyuru, to 
vanish quickly away. 
Syn. MOROKU. 

tHAKANAJfi,-utr j> fj -^ A, t.v. To regard as 
evanescent, transient or fleeting. 

Hakabai ^\tr ^ b'lf n. Management ; admin- 
istration; transacting; direction: watakwshi 
no — ni dekimateUt I cannot do it. 

Haearai.-au J\fj'f y %\ t.v. To transact, 
manage ; to do, deal with, direct. 

Syn, TOBI-HAKARAU, ATSXJXAU. 

Haearase,-bu w'NA^'fe/u (caust; of haknru) 
To make or let another weigh, measure, etc. 

HAKAaAWASE.-BU ^N :» 9 P -ic ^ (caust. of 
hakarau) To make or let another transact or 



Hakabazu >n * 9 5f ;t; gg (futo )f\dv. Suddenly; 
uuexpectbdly : — «", to meet unexpectedly. 
Syn. OMowAzu. 

Hakari ^\i] >; ^ u. Aweighing beam, balance; 
scales ; steelyard : — »o,/Vf/i^<^, the weight of 
a steelyard ; — no eao^ the beam of a steel- 
yard ; — no 0, the cord by which scales are 
suspended ; — no me, the marks on a steel- 
yard ; — no hoxhiy id.; — ni kakete mirUt (p 
weigh and see how much. 

HAXARi,-Bn jsij fl, 4 or ^ t.v. To weigh ; 
to measure ; to ei»tfmate, calculate ; to reckon ; 
to plot, contrive ; to conspire against ; to con- 
sult, commune with; to deceive, take in, cheat, 
impose on : font no fukasa wo hakani^ to 
measure the depth of the sea ; lioshi no kazu wa 
hakari-shire iiai^ the stars cannot be numbered; 
kome wo masu de Iwkaru^ to measure rice; 
t$umori hakaru, to estimate, reckon ; At to wo — f 
to deceive a person ; teki wo — , to plot against 
the enemy ; Uuma ni — , consult with one's wife. 
Syn. TscxoRu, sSdan bubo, dahasu. 

tHAKABioocHi,-TBO ^N ^ 9 d* 5^ t.v To deceivo, 
impose upon, delude. 
Syn. AZAMUKU. 

Haeabiooto -»> :^ 9 =f h fS n. A plan, 
scheme, artifice, stratagem : — wo megnrasu, 
to devise a plan. 
Syn. BOEsi. 

Haeabi-eibi,-bd ^\f3 ^) ^ n^ 4 S *'^* ^® 
level off the top of anything measured; to 
make it even with the measure ; to strike. 

Haearixomi,-mu ^n :^ 9 =1 a t.v. To measure 
anything and put it into something else ; to 
measure out more than is proper; over 
measure. 

Haeari-mushi >'n^9as^ ^^n A kind 
of caterpillar. Syn. shaeutori-hushi. 

Haearita ^n * 9 -V ff IE n. A maker or seller 
of scales. 

Haease ^\ ^ -te i)R 77 n. A sword. 

HAXA8E,-Rn j^ij-^A' t.v. (cRust. of hakt) To 
cause to vomit or spit out ; to make flow out ; 
to discharge, sell off; to make put on tiie 
feet, or legs ; to make another sweep : ike no 
mizu wo — , to let out the water from a pond; 
kuiuri wo noma^ete hakaseni^ to vomit a 
person with medicine ; nimotgti wo — , to cletur 
out goods (by selling off); tabi wo — , to make 
one put on his stocking. 

Haease j^:fj-\t i$ -Jr ^' The title of a learned 
man ; a professor. 
Syn. MOMosHiRi. 

Haeawara j'^ Hi ^"^ '^ ^Sf. ^' A cemetoiy, 
burying-ground. 

Syn. HASACHl, MUSHO. 

Hae£,-ru ^n^ju ^ (the potential mood of) 
haki) Can spit, or vomit : tozai wo noude mo 
hakemasen^ although I have taken au emetie 
I cannot vomit. 

Haxe,-ru >n^a. ^ (pot. mood of linhi) Can 
wear, or put on : kono iabi wa chiiMi kara 
hakemaseny these socks are too small, I can't 
wear them ; kono momohihi wa hakeru ka. can 
you wear these trowsers ? 



HAK 



128 



TTATT 



Hakb.-bu ^^^f^^ (pot. mood of hnki) Can 
sweep ; yoku hakeru hokif a broom that 
sweeps well. 

Hake j\^ ^\^ "• A brush made of briKtles ; 
the cue formerly worn by Ihe Japanese, from 
its resemblauoe to a brush : noriiake^ a paste- 
brush ; hake-saki wo chirasu^ to spread out 
the end of the cue. 

fiAKE,'Bu >N ^ ^ ^^ i.v. To be sold off, 
cleared out, as goods : ito ga haketa, silk is 
all sold off. 

Hakb /\f)r n. The sale of demand for goods : 
kono ihina wa — ga yoi, this article is iu great 
demand, or sells well. 

Hakb-kata ^n ^ tr ^ n. Demand; sale or 
market for goods : — ga &i, the demand is 
great. 

Hakekuchi ^N^^f* *©■ T7 n. Demand; sale; 
market : — ga yoi, good demand, or sale ; 
kunosetsn ito wa hakekuchi ga nai, there is 
now no demand for silk. 
Syn. uBEKucHi. 

Haki ^^^ fft ^ — 8uru^ to annul, abrogate. 

Habi,-ktj >»> ^ vt t.v. To spit, vomit ; to utter, 
say : tmhahi wo — , to spit ; ehi wo — , to 
vomit, or spit blood. 

HAKi,-Kn j^9 ^ t.v. To wear, or put anything 
on the feet or legs, as hakama, kiyaJian^ montO' 
hiki, tahi, znri. fjeta^ aKhida^ kutftu^ etc. 

Haki,-kd ^^ ^ W t.v. To hnng from the belt , 
to gird on : Uchi wo — , to gird on the sword, 
or wear a sword. 

Bari,-ku /-sp i^ t.v. To sweep, brush : hoki 
de tatnmi wo — , to sweep the mat with a 
broom ; gomi wo kft ki-dagn^ to sweep out the 
dirt ; giimi ye Juiki-yonera, to sweep into a 
cOnter. 

Haki-dame >^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 81 n. A place where 
dirt and rubbish are thrown. 

Eaki-dashi,-su /\ ^ y -yf, t.v. To spit out, 

. spit up, vomit up ; to utter, speak ; sweep 

out. 

• Haki-haki >^n 4^ /N ^ adv. (coll.) Smart ; quick \ 

brisk ; active iu doing ; distinct : — to Jiataraku; 

— shita hito. 

Syn. sadaka mi, bachi oa aku. 

Haki-harai,-au v^N^^i^N^ :y t.v. To sweep away, 
sweep off ; brush up, or off. 

Haki-kake,-bu ^^^-Jj ^ A' t.v. To spit upon ; 
to sweep upon ; to commence to spit, sweep, 
or put on the foet. 

Hakiki 'n -^ 4& ^ ^] (coll). Influential ; having 
nnth<»rity ; weigiit of character ; powerful : ano 
hito wa Yokohama de hakiki da, he is an in- 
fluential man in Yokohama ; kane ga dekireba 
ha ga Uiite kunt, when a person becomes rich 
he becomes powerful ; ha ga kikanu daimyo, a 
prince of no power. 
Syn. iKioz ABU. 

£[aki-eomi,-uu ^\^ a m t.v To sweep into, 
to spit into. 

Haki-uono ^^^ ? JSL T^' Shoes ; articles 
worn on the feet. 

Haki-to8e,-bu -^ * 3 -b ** t.v. To sweep 
tojfether ; to collect by sweeping. 



Haki-zomb /n%/^ n. The first sweeping of 
the house after new yearns day, generally on 
the second day. 

Hakka ^\i^ fj ff.y} n. Peppermint : — yii, oil 
of—. 

Haekaku -'^ 7 * ^ SJB (arawareru) Revealed; 
disclosed; known; come to light: — sunt; 
kyu aku ga — »hita, Syn. boken. 

Hak-kan j^ 9 -n i^ g RH n. The silver 
pheasant. 

Hak-kan ^\y •9ji>^ S Vf — «wru, to sweat, 
perspire : — zai, diaphoretic medicines. 

Hae-ke ?\y 'r A #V n. The eight diagrams. 

Hak-kei *\ y fr ^ '^^ ^' The eight cele- 
brated views in a particular region. 

Hakken j\rf fyi/ S iS (i^^ikawatu) — turn, 
to send (a messenger). 

Hakken ?\V ^r ^ ^^ (mi-idaiu) First finding 
out ; discovery. 

Hakein ?\ ff ^ iy 6 ^ n. (min.) Platinum. 

Hakkibi j\ y 3^ \) adv. (coll.) Clear; plain, 
distinct ; clean ; perfectly ■ kono han wa — 
to shite ini, these type are very distinct, 
— to ihite mieruj clearly seen : — to Mhita 
teiikif clear weather ; mada — to naorintasen, 
not yet perfectly well. 
Syn. FUMMYo. 

Hakko -'n J' * ^ S ^f — surti, to become 
prevalent ; come into fashion ; to inaugurate ; 
to set B going ; to issue, put into circulation, 
publiHh: korera ga — shimasn, cholera is, 
prevalent ; hade-na nari ga — sum, gay cloth- 
ing has become fashionable , ehi-hei wo — , 
to issue pnper money. 

Syn. HATARU, OKONAWABU, IDA8U. 

Hakko ^^y ft i; ^ $t Sailing out from a port , 

setting sail. 
Hakko /^y -^ i; ^^ i^ Fermentation - — 

«uni, to ferment. 
Hakko ^^y^t/ ^ (pJ (yuku: coll.) Going, 

starting for any place : Tdkyo ye itsu — ita- 

shimasu ha, when are you going to Tokyo ? 
Hakko-netsu j\^ k V if^y S^fR^*- (med.) 

Yellow fever. 
Hakku /> ^ ^ ti ^ The white colt (spoken 

poetically of the sun) : — liashirite yatnaxu, 
HakktS /^y ^-^rt^ SS Going out of the 

Capital. 
Hakkyo j\y ^-y^ K ?i (coll.) — sum, to 

suddenly become insane : — jin, an insane 

man. Syn. kichioai. 
Hako ?\ 3 (coll.) — sum, to go to stool -, 

to obey the calls of nature: yo no naka wa 

kute hako shite nete okite, sate sono nochi wa 

shinuru bakari zo. 
Hako ^n a J| n. A box, chest, trunk. — 

V70 suru, to make a box : — tit t^nmeru^ to 

pack in a box ; — ni ireru, to put into a 

box; fiahn iri musumet a young girl who is 

carefully kept at home. 

HAK0BA8E,-Bn J\ ZJ ,< -^ A' ^ ^ ^CMiUSt. of 

lutkobi) To make, let, or order another to 
convey, or transport ; to cause to move 
along or advance : nimotsn wo hito ni hako- 
baseru, to get a person to transport goods 



HAE 



129 



HAK 



Hasobb ^\ 9 ^ ^ H n. A medicinal plant, 
ohkk-weed. 

Hakobeba ^\ 3 >< ^ n. Celery. 

Hakobi,-bu -'n 3 :^ 31 *•▼• '^o transport ; to 
convey; to go or move from one place to 
another ; to progress : nimotsu wo fune de — , 
to transport goods by ship ; ashi wo — , to 
walk. 

Syn. OKtTB0, UTSUSU, tfNSS SUBr. 

HiKOBt j\ziyl ^S n. Transportation ; con- 
T^anoe ; movement ; progress ; settlement of 
accounts: a»hi no -^ ga warai^ walking is 
diffieolt; iehi nin de ieM niehi hakobi wa 
dono kurai, how mnoh can one man carry in a 
day? — gattukami, does not progress; chi 
no — ga nt'&ui, the circnlatiou of blood is 
langoid ; — wo tsukeru, to settle ; to anange, 
bring about. 
Hakositb -'^ 3 If ^ 21 -^ n. A porter, carrier; 

one who carries. 
Hako-foou j\zsy fT n. The tmnk-fish, Ostra- 

cion immacnlatafl. 
Haxomxjhx j\a a^ n. The ridge of a roof. 
Haxobomo ^\ 3 n ^ n. The Achillea or milfoil. 
HixoflBxo ^N 3 is 3 n. A paper veil (nsed only 

by women). 
Hakota ^n3-y ttttW" "• — ^ yama, fairy 

land; elysian mountain. 
Haxoya yN 3 -y n. A box-maker, or seller ; the 
attendant on a danciug-girl {geitlia) ; chaperon. 
Baxo j^jf i^ n. An earl; the 8rd order of 

nobility. 
Haku -^ ^ i& {tkiroi] White ; clean ; shining : 
haku-hatsH^ gray hair ; fiakn-maif cleaned rice ; 
haku-ye^ white clothes. 
Haku rs 9 %ri. Foil ; leaf ; as : ftm-pa^t, 
gold-leaf ; gim-pakUt silver foil ; iuzu-haku, tin 
foil ; kin wo haku ni utsu, to beat gold into 
leaf ; — wo otu, to plate. 
Haxxt >\ ^ ^ n. White silk. 
Haku j^3^ igi — tiiru, to argue against, con- 
troTert, contradict, oppose by reasoning : kito 
no 9eUtt wo — turn. 
Hast7-a -'^ ^ T i£i S °* Mineral chalk. 
Haxuai j^9 T a W 'S {f^^"^^^ aimrv) TJni- 
Yersal good will, or love to men ; philanthropy : 
— wojin to iu. 
Hakcbo ^n ^ 4f H^ n. (usu'kure) The dusk 
of the evening ; twilight. 

Syn* TABOOABX. 

Hasubo ^^9ilf i^ e^ n. Axmt 

Sjn. o-BA. 
Haxuboku ^9-^9 tiSt ^' (^^* white ink) 

A chalk-pencil. 
Hajcitbutsu-oaku ?\ 9 -f v V 9 l##ip n. 

Kataral history. 
HAKUBxrrstr-KWAN ^N^y^^yvflf^Hn. A 

xnueeiiiii. 
Hakucbi >>\ ^ f- ]& g^ n. An idiot, fool : — ni 

•wa tohyd wo yurusazu^ an idiot is not per- 
mitted to vote. 
HAXUCHd -^^f--Yi5r "d^Xi, White clothes, 

Bueb as ^ere worn by the servants of a kuge, 

at at festivals. 
HAKUCHd -^^^f'-Y^^Rn. The swan. 



Hakxjcho -'n ^ f* y i> n. A white porcelain 

bottle. 
HAKUcHtr ^\9 i"fy © # n. Noon j middle of 

the day ; broad daylight. 
Syn. HiBu. 
Hakuch!} /\9i"f^ i^i^ {anl oto) Alike ; equal ; 

no superiority of one above another : fu^ri no 

gaku -^ su, the two (men) are equally learned. 
Hakudaku js9 ^ 9 d 3S^- (med.) Gonorrhoea. 

Syn. BTMBYO. 

Hakuoa ^^9 if tflK ^ery learned ; erudite : 

— no kunihi. 

Hakuoai j^9 if a at # t^- Persecution : ^ 

rani, to persecute. 
Hakuoasu j\9 -ff 9 ^^ (hiroku mandbu) n. 

Extensively learned; versed iu literature: 

— na hito. 

Syn. xoifosHiBi, hakuban, hakushiki. 

Hakugan ^\9ifi^ n. The snow goose. 

HAXuaBKi ?\9 ^s^ Jlgmi n. Opposing, con- 
tradicting, controverting. 

Hakuhyo j\9 \i -y^ ft^i^ (usuki kdri) n. Thin 
ice : — wo fumu ga gotoku, like walking on 
thin ice ; dangerous. 

Hakujim ^\ 9 ^ i^ fi ff^ n. A naked sword: 

— wo hiraniekatu, to brandish a sword. 
Haxujxtsu ^^9 i^y iS 19 n. Daylight ; day 

time. 

HakujQ ^^ 9 ^ -Y tf 6 jR (coll.) Confession : 
— «f«ni, to confess, acknowledge ; tgumi wo — , 
to confess a crime. 
Syn. ZAKOE suBU. 

Hakujo ^^ :^ 5? "Y * 8^ flf ^i*^^^* uatural 
affections; unfeeling; callous; cruel; insin- 
cere ; false-hearted ; — no hito, 
Syn. nasake-nai. 

Hakukai >r> ^ V >f ti^ (shiroi kome) n. White 
rice; rice from which the hull has been 
cleaned by passing through the mortar. 

Haxuv AXu J\9-r 9 ft SI n. (med.) The 
sclerotic coat of the eye, or any white 
membrane. 

Hakuusi j>^9 ^ a H ^ n. Unfortunate ; un- 
lucky. 

Hakuhen ?\ 9 :f ^ 6 ^ n. White-faced; 
green ; inexperienced ; a tyro : — no thosH^ a 
greenhorn. 

Hakitnaibho -'^^-^>f^■Y^ &^l$n. (med.) 
Cataract of the eye. 

Hakubax j\9^ a JIQ ^ n. Foreign : — hin, 
foreign productions; articles brought from 
foreign countries ; kore wa — de gotarimasu. 

Hakubaxu ^"^9^9 iit Mn, The name of an 
ancient Chinese horse obctor, a horse doctor : 
ten-ri no uma wa aredomo iehi nin no — v« 
nashi (prov). 
Syn. ba-i. 

HAKtrBAM j\ 9 ^ ^ W R {hiroku miru) Ex- 
tensively acquainted wiui books and •hings; 
very learned. 
Syn. RAKnoAxn, haeusbiri. 

Hakxtbankwai j\9 '^ i^9 V a ^Wit ^' ^ 
exhibition ; an exposition ; museum. 

Hakttsbxk5 j>^9Myfttf d S IK i^* A kind 
of oonfectionerv. 



HAE 



180 



HAM 



^UzusHi j\^ 9>^ tit^ {shiroi hamt) n. White 
' or blank paper. 
Hakubhiki ?\^i^s^ tftft (hirohu thiru) n. 

Learned; wise: — no hito, learned man; a 

philosopher. 
Haeubhu /n J^ s^ {p t& ^ n. Clapping of hands : 

— shite homeru; — kastai no Itoe ten ni 

hibiku. 
Hakuso >r\ i; ); i.q. hagtuo, 
Haxutai j^if St ^ ig 19 n. (med.) A bandage. 
EEASurii j\if ft ^ ]g ^ n. A white for on the 

tongne : thita ni — ga aru^ the tongao is 

farred. 
Hakutbtbu-jin j\ifTy^^ 6©"An. The 

white race of men ; the Caucasian. 
Haku-un-seki ^N^T5pvii^ 6S^^' (nain.) 

Bitterspar ; dolomite. 
Hakuya -^N^-V^ljn. A gold beater. 
EEaswai j\ ^ >7 >f fS[ % Broken \ wrecked ; 

destroyed ; mined : fune ga — $wu^ the ship 

is wrecked. 
Haktaku J^i^^^ ?ft ip — furu, to break, 

destroy : ie wo — . 
HaetO ^n t- 7 JS A (dandan oyohu) Gradually 

reach to, arrive at : seiyS no fuzohn ga Nip- 
pon ni — sunt. 
Hama j^ -^ ^ n. The sea beach, or coast. 
Hauabe >^n V .^ ff il^ n. The sea coast. 
HAHABd J^ ^ ^< i; ^^ n. The Hibiscus 

hamabo. 
Hahachi-dobz ^> -r f- t^ 9 n. The name of a 

small water-fowl that frequent the sea coast ; 

(met.) letters : — ato todomu, 
Hamaquri -'n -r / »; S^ n. A clam. 

Syn. X7MU0I. 
Hamanashi j^'^ •)- 1" n, A cranberry. 
Hamanasu jy-ri-yf, n. Bosa rugosa ; haws. 
HAMABi,-iin j>k^ A' i.v. To be put, fitted, or 

entered into anything; to be fallen into, 

immersed in, addicted to: wa ga yubi ni 

liamatta, the ring is put on the finger ; thdji 

ga shihii ni — , the sash is put in the groove ; 

mizu ni — , to fall into the water ; nezumi ga 

mizu-game ni — , a rat has fallen into the 

water-jar; baki^ki ni — , to be addicted to 

gambUng ; sake ni — . 

Syn. HAIBU, OBOBEBU. ^ 

Hamabi ^> -r 9 n. The fitting of one thing into 
another. 

Hamabi-komIi-mu ^> ^ 9 =3 a i.v. To be plunged 
in, immersed in, addicted to. 

HAMASEt-BU >'^ V is >u (oaust. of Jutmu) To make 
or let another bite, or eat. 

Hasiatb -'^vTS^^ °- (°^^*) The sea heach. 

Hamayumi ^"^^p- \ ^^^ n* A bow for driv- 
ing evil spirits away ; also a small bow used 
as a toy by children. 

Ham AZEBi >'N V if 9 n. The name of a bitter 
plant. 

Hambbbu >»n y ^ ^ See haberi. 

liAaraETsu -?\^'*<5» f*]^'J ^' Judgment; de- 
cision ; — surUf to judge, decide upon. 

Syn. HANDAN. 

Hambitsu jm^\£7 ^M ^' ^ ^^^^ trunk. 
Hambo ^>vK^ fjte {ifogashiC) Busy. 



Hax-bun j^yyy ^ ^ n. Half: — ni kiru, 
cut into halves; cut in two; — wo ehddait 
give me half. Syn. nasaba. 

+Hamb,-ru ^"^jit n- t.v. To make bite. 

Hame ^n^ ^ St ^' A weather-board, clap- 
board: — vjo haru, to weather-board; — wo 
Jiazushite sawagu. 

Hame,>bu >'^ ^ /u t.v. To fit anything in its 

' place ; to put into (as a screen, door, drawer, 
etc.) ; to inlay ; to set (as a jewel) ; to immerse, 
or plunge into ; to cneat, take in : shSji uo 
hamerUf to put a screen into its place ; yubi ni 
wa wo — , to put a ring on the finger ; hito wo 
— , to cheat a person ; inu wo kawa ye — , to 
put a dog into the river ; zoge wo — » to inlay 
with ivory (coll.). 

Hamede y> j> 7 n. (coll.) Trick ; deception; hoax : 
— ai atta, to be hoaxed. 
Syn. TOMOYA. 

Hame-ita j^ jf. ^ Sf n. Clap-board ; wainscoting. 

Hame-komi,-]iu ^> >i z] jw ^3^ t.v. (coll.) To fit 
into ; to put into ; to take a person in ; to 
cheat ; to implicate or involve in trouble. 

Hame8A8S,-bu ^n ^ -9* is ^t' (caust. of hameru) 
To make or let another put or fit into, etc. 

EUuETSU /\ >t y ^ j^ n. Buin'ed ; destroyed : 
fhinsho — , to become bankrupt ; — turn, to 
destroy ; ruin. 

Haxi ^n ^ i)S :i:ti; n. A poisonous snake, viper. 
Syn. MAMUsHi. 

Hahi y\ ^ 1K^ ^' Tliat part of the bit which 
enters the horse's mouth. 

Hami,-]£u >»n a 'I^ t.v. To eat, swallow ; to live 
upon ; to consume : meshi wo — , to eat rice ; 
sakana ga e wo — , the fish takes the bait; 
uwabami hito wo — , the anaconda swallows 
men; roku wo — , to live on one's salary. 
Syn. KUBAU, tabebu. 

Hami-dashi,-su ^\ ^ ^3^ t.v. To project, or be 
forced out from between two surfaces, or from 
inward pressure. 

Hamioaxi ^\ l:ff^ tt^ °* Tooth-powder; a 
tooth-brush. 

HAHi-KAa,-BU j^klfj^A' i.v. To return or 
recur (as a sickness). 

Hammai y\ y-sf >f ^ ^ (meshi gome) n. Rice 
for the family eating ; ^ ^ half a sheet, 
as of paper. 

Hauuei ->\ y > >{ K ^ (kaerigoto) — suru^ to 
bring back an answer, or report (to the Em- 
peror). Syn. FUKUUEI. 

ELaumen j\i^ jf i^ ^ ® (katazura) n. Half 
the face : — no ezu, a profile, likeness. 

HAinaoHi >'^ y ^ f* ^ S§ n. Half-way, half a 
mile. 

Hammo ->^ y * f& 2S i^higeru) — wrw, to 
grow luxuriantly, exuberantly : kusa ga — 
suru. 

HAMiiOM />y % y j^ {c^ (moyakuya) n. Trouble; 
perplexity ; grief : — mune ni taezu. 

Haumu ^wa j^^ (wazurawashiki tsutome) 
n. Troublesome occupation. 

Hauhu ^\yA ^^ (shigeki tsutovM) Press- 
ing engagements ; pressure of business : — m^ 
yoka fit, in the intervals of — • 



HAM 



181 



HAN 



Himxt5 >'>s/j» ^ iiEtt n. The Spanish fly, 

Cantharidis. 
Haho ^^^ II k. a kind of eel, or mullet. 
HAMoni,-si-KO ^\q& 3^>f adj. Feeling bashful, 

or ashamed: ohamojH gozarimatu, I am 

ashamed. 
Hamon J'^^y ^f^ — «ini, to expel from 

school; dismiss a scholar; to break off the 

relation of teacher and pupil. 
Hamon j^^J rfjs^ n. Edged tools ; cutting 

instruments: — tamniai, using edged tools. 
Hamono-shi ^^^J ^ ^#W n. A cutler. 
EUaioBi >»N % i; n. Guardian of trees or plants : 

— no kami, the god of trees. 
Hampa yN j^^< ^ jJJ n. A part, fragment, 

fraction. 
Syn. hashita. 
Haicpaku ^wy< ^ K Grizzled ; a mixture 

of white and black hair: — no mono, an 

old man. 

Sjn. gHIBAOA-lIAJIBI. 

Haxpex >rw<^>f ]$i^ n. A wall, enclosure. 
Hampi vn 3^ b* 4^ ^ n. A kind of coat with 

short sleeves. 
Hakpo ^'^vjjf ^^ (lit. to return a feeding) 

Spoken of a joung crow when it becomes 

strong, requiting the care of its parent by 

feeding her with food from its own mouth : 

karasu ni — no k5 ari. 
Habipon >'^5^^v I^ ;4^ n. A printed book. 
Hahpuku ?\z/'f i^ ^ ^ n. Half-way up, or 

the side of a mountain : — ni noboru. 
Hahpdku ^w-/^ Kflt ^w'ikatixC) — «urii, 

to do over and over ; to repeat, reiterate : — 

ihiU teinei ni oahieru, 
Hampuku >'^ V y ^ jgg. fl[ — iuru, to turn 

traitor; to betray or act treacherously. 
Hamptakd -'Nvtf'V^ Jlt"^ AXl: — no hito, 

all men ; the public ; — no kunthii all gentle- 
men. 
Hamuxi,-ku ^\ a ^ i.v. To growl or snarl, 

as a dog. 
HAxxrKi,-Kn ^ a ^ tEft ^'^^ ^o oppose, 

resist. 

Sjn. SAXARAU, TEKITAU. 

Hamtjsha j\ J* i^-y ^^f^ n. Common 
soldiers. 

Han ->^^^ ff Odd: — no kazu, an odd number ; 
chd-han^ even and odd ; — no ttuki^ the odd 
months ; — no hi, odd days. 
Syn. Ki. 

Han ^n 2^ 4^ Half : ichi ri han^ a mile and a 
half ; han-miehit half a mile ; han-yOf half the 
night ; han-thi Jian-shdy half dead and alive ; 
— neut half a year ; — kin, half a pound. 

Han ^^y ^ (kaeru) — «uni, to return, go 
back ; to be conti^ry, opposed to ; to turn 
traitor, rebel ; to betray. 

Han ^^y ^ (lit. a fence, hedge, or enclosure) 
A daimiate ; a name given to the territory of 
those military nobles who, under the Shoguns, 
were called daimyo, but now hanchiji, or 
kicazoku. They were divided into three ranks ; 
Dai'han were those Han where the revenues 
exceed 400,000 Icoku of rice ; ChU-han were those 



where the revenues were between 100,000 and 
400,000 koku ; Sho-han were those where the 
revenues were from 10,000 to 100,000 koku, 

Han j\ y ^1]' n. A seal, stamp ; (^) a block 
for printing : — wo surut to print ; — wo oiu, 
to stamp, seal ; — wo toru, to require one*s 
seal to a paper ; — ni okosu, to cut in blocks 
for publishing ; — wo horu, to cut a seal or 
stamp ; to cut characters on blocks. 
Syn. IN. 

Hana -'^ •^ f57 {hajime) n. The first ; beginning ; 
kono nathi wa hana da, this is the first pear 
of the season, 

Hana ^^■^ j^ n. The nose; mucous of the 
nose ; snot ; a promontory, head-land : — no 
ana, the nostrils ; — no atama, the tip of the 
nose ; — svji, the contour of the nose ; — wo 
kamu, to blow the nose; kotoha ga — m 
kakani, to speak through the nose ; — wo 
8U8uru, to snuff up the nose ; — wo kujiru, 
to pick the nose ; — wo ftejiru, to pull 
the nose ; — wo tsumamu, to hold the 
nose ; — wo sogxi, to cut off the nose ; — wo 
tsuku, to strike the nose against ; — ni kakeru, 
to put on the nose ; to vaunt one's self ; — ga 
tarertt, to run at the nose ; — ga takai hito^ 
a proud, boastful person; *— no mizo, the 
raphe under the nose; — ga fusagaru, the 
nose is stopped up ; yama no — , a bluff or 
spiir of a mountain. 

Hana ^n -h ^g n. A flower, blossom ; the plum- 
ula of malt : — no utena, the calyx of a flower ; 
— no tsubomi, a flower bud ; — no kuki, the 
stem of a flower ; — no jiku, the stem of a 
flower ; — wo tsumu, to pluck a flower ; — wo 
kazaru, adorn with flowers ; — no /u, a bo- 
tanical work ; — wo ikeru, to keep flowers 
alive in water ; liana no, adj., like a flower ; 
beautiful ; — no kavihase, beautiful face ; — 
no sugata, a beautiful shape. 

Hana >'^-^ I1 Ij n. A present of money, 
clothes, etc., made to a wrestler, play-actor, 
musician, dancing girl, etc.: — wo yaru, 

Hana-arashi >»'v •^ t ^ >^ »• Forcing the air 
violently through the nose ; snorting (used 
only of animals, as horses, cows, etc.): — wo 
fuku. 

Hanabakama js-^A^fj^ n. The calyx of a 
flower. 

Hana-bana8Hii,-ki-ku >'^•^/<•^5^>f :tt it ^h 
Beautiful ; handsome ; glorious ; splendid ; ad- 
mirable ; (mostly of actions) : — iktisa, a 
glorious battle. Syn. rippa, eirei, biiooto. 

Hanabana to ^n + ->^ -^ b adv. Beautifully ; 
gloriously ; splendidly ; fragrantly. 

Hanabasami -'n •^ ^'^ i^ ^ it^ ^- Flower 
scissors. 

Hanabashiba -'^•^/'fs^ 7 n. The septum or 
partition which separates the nostrils. 

Hana-bi >>^•^l£' it ^ n. Fireworks: — wo 
agei'u, to set off fireworks. 

Hana-bira ^^ -^ tf ^ 3£ n. The petals of a 
flower. 

Hanabitaxa -'^ + 1^ -Y * adj. Beautiful ; flowery ; 
gay; splendid. 



HAN 



182 



HAN 



BAKABVBk ^N ^y-^ n. A flower, blossom ; the 

oalyx. 
Syn. uxBifA* 
Ha»achi,*tsu >^\ -h 9 ^ (same as haruuhi) t.v. 

To let go, set free, liberate, to banish. 
Haiuda ^% •^ ^ n. A deep bine oolrr ; i.q. 

hanairo, 
HAi«ADACHi,-T8n /> "h ^ ^ i.v. To bloom, 

blossom ; to flower. 
Syn. SAKU. 
HAHAraKi ^> -h 7 ^ n. A nose-wiper, hand- 
kerchief. 
Hahaoaebi ^\ -f- dST ^ 9 n. A fading or change 

in color of anything dyed a deep bine. 
Hamaoai ^^ '^ ^ ^ jfl ^ n. The nose ring for 

oxen. 
Hahaoaki ^^-f^-if^ n. A flowery hedge. 
Hamaoami '^^ -^ if I n. Paper for wiping or 

blowing the nose ; nose-paper. 
Hanaoaiu-buxubo J^'9'if Iz^i^Jt f^L^^ n. 

The wallet in which nose-paper and money 

are carried. Syn. kamx-ibk. 
THamaoataui jy-i-ifst I n, A flower-basket. 

Syn. HANAKAOO. 

Hanaoawa j>^ •^ if^s tt ¥ n< ^^^ P<^i of the 
bridle which crosses the nose ; the nose strap. 

Hakaob ^> -h y jfL ^ n. Hur in the nostrils : 
— wo yamareta, to be taken in, deceived: — 
wo nuku, to pluck out — ; (coll.) to wheedle, 
delude. 

Hanagi ^> -^ i|f n. A nose ring for oxen. 

Hanaoob ''^ -^ tfx. u. A nasal sound ; a snuffl- 
ing voice : — de mono wo iu, to speak with a 
nasal tone. 

Hakagoxobo /\ -h d* 3 n n. Wanton or lascivi- 
ous feeling. 

Hanaocmobi ^n ^ ^ « 9 n. The cloudy weather 
in spring, supposed to be useful to the bloom- 
ing of flowers. 

Hanaoubdri ^n+5^3^9 n. (coll.) A bribe,= 
maiwii. 

HANAouwAsni,-Ki-Kn >^ -h ^ 7 3^ adj. Bearing 
beautiful flowers : — no; — takura. 

Hamabada ^^'f'^^if ^ adv. Very ; extremely ; 
exceedingly : — katai, very hard ; — yoi, very 
good ; — ibukashiit exceeding strange. 

Syn. ITO, ITATTE. 
BANAHADASHII,-KX-Xn ^^-^^^^^>f ^9^ adj. 

Extreme ; utmost ; greatest ; most : jcidd kore 
yori hanahadaskiki wa nashi^ there is no 
more pernicious way than this ; itami wa — , 
the pain is^extreme. 

Syn. ooKu, shigoku, ridoeu. 
* Hanabibi,-bu ^n -h b *' jH !•▼• To sneeze. 
Syn. KU8A3fX wo subu. 
Hanahxbiousa ^\ -f- b V /-9' ]E n. Coriander(?), 

zzziwaki, 
Han AHZTu ^\ -h b a i ft )£ *»• The portulacca. 
Han-ai>n y r -f %^ T^» Universal love; 
philanthropy. 
Syn. hakuat. 
Hana-ixb ^> -h >f ^ ?^ JR n, A vessel for hold- 
ing water and flowers to keep the latter in 
bloom ; a flower vase. 
Syn. xwa-bin. 



Hara-ixx >\-h>f i^ jjLJI, n. Breathing through 
the nose : — ga arai, breathes loud through ' 
the nose. 

Haha-ibo >n -^ ^ is A ft n. A deep blue color. 

Hanaji ^^ ^ f' jfl ]{ir n. Bleeding at the nose : 
— ga deru. 

iHANAJiBOMi,-MU /^ -h 3^ IS A # i.v. To blosb ; 
turn red in the face. 

Hanakago ^'^ -^ ^ if :}£ fi n. A flower basket. 

HAHA-SAMi.-tf u ^N •^ j^ A ^ i.v. To blow the 
nose with the fingers, in paper, or in a hand- 
kerchief ; (mostly nsed in the form of liarm 
wo kamu), 

Hanaxazb ^s-^ftM 4L^ n. A cold in tbe 
head ; coryxa ; catarrh. 

jHanakazuba ^^^'^fj'Tf'f n. A garland of 
flowers worn on the head on festive occasions* 

Hanaxo ^x -h 3 n. The pollen of a flower. 
Syn. swAFUN. 

Hanakonj6 ^n+3V3^-Vi> it^a ^ Smalt, 
or oxide of cobalt. 

Hamakoso j^-^^ y fJL^ n. The lard mucous 
which collects in the nose. 

Hanameki,-ku >^ -^ > ^ i.v. To be flonrishing^ 
prosperous. 

Syn TOKIMEKTJ. 

Hanaui >n -^ ^ {^ ^ n> Arrangement of leaves 
or foliage, of a plant or tree. 

Hanaui ^n -^ ^ ^ ^ °« The order or arrange- 
ment of the teeth : — ga toarui, the teeth are 
irregular ; — ga yoi, has a fine set of teeth. 

Syn. HABU8HI. 

Hanaui ^n -^ $ f^S^ n. Looking at flowers ; 
pleasure excursion or picnic : — ni mairl- 
mashitaf gone ou an excursion to see the 
flowers. 

Hanamizo ^> -^ i y* n. The furrow in the upper 
lip under the nose. 
, Syn. nischC. 

Hanauori -'^ •^ qg 9 ;jfg ^ n. The keeper of a 
flower garden. 

Hanauoto ^^ -h ^ b adv. Near the nose : — 
ihiau^ a short-si ft 1 1 ted view. 

Hanamuke ^n -^ a >* ^ :^] n. A present to a 
bride leaving her father's house, or to a person 
setting out on a joozney. 
Syn. seubetsu. 

Hana.uuso >% -^ a 3 ;/£ Mh u. A bridegroom. 

Hananawa j^i- ^ j\ n. A cord put in the nose 
of oxen to lead them by. 

jHanano-ani /^-h J T =^ (lit. the eldest brother 
of flowers) n. The plum tree. 

iHANANO-oTOTo J^-i^ ? t h h (Ut. the youngest 
brother of flowers) n. The chrysanthemum. 

Hanao ^^ -h 7 jfL If n. The thong, or strap by 
which sandals are fastened to the feet : — wo 
augeru, to fix the thong in the sandal ; — ga 
kireta, the strap is broken ; — cure, a sore 
made by the rubbing of the sandal thong. 

Hanabb.-bu ^>-hw^ iH i.v. and i.v. To De 
separated, removed , or parted from ; sundered ; 
to be apart ; to be loose ; to leave ; to separate 
from ; to part : uma ga hanareta^ the horse is 
loose ; ttugime ga — , the joint is parted } oya 
ni ftanareta, to be left by one's parents ; oya 



HAN 



188 



HAN 



«o hanarete hokd wo fiinc, to leave one's pa- 
rents and go oat to service ; ie wo hanarete hi 
wo take yo, kindle the fire away from the 
house; hanare-gatashit hard to part; liaTiarenu- 
naika, indissoluble relation. 

Syn. HBDATZBU, WAKARERX;. 

Hasabe-binabb vTs^v/^C'T-v mm '^^^' 
Separately ; apart ; scattered : — ni natte orUf 
to live apart or separately. 

Eahabb-jixa ^^•^vs^'^^An. A solitary 
island; an island far away from the main 
land. 

Hahabb-uua j\-f"^'^ye ^ »l^ n. A stray horse ; 
a loose horse. 

Hanabb-ta ^"^ ^ u "Y M S b* a house apart or 
distant from others. 

tHARABX >yN -h 9 n. Hair parted and hanging 
down, as in childhood; a young girl who 
wears her hair long. Syn. xabubo. 

Hanabaxi yN -h •9' i|i jjL fr ftd^* ^^^ the nose : 
ehikame de — no mono ga mienai, 

Haxa8A8B,-bu ^'^'f"itn^ ^9i (canst, of hana- 
ahij To let or make another speak; also 
to make one let go or let loose: hanasasete o 
kikinatare, listen to me while I tell you. 

Hanasebebx >^n -f- -tB -tB 9 n. A species of butter- 
fly, Hesperia. 

Haxashi ^\-f-s^ 1$ n. A saying, talk, story; 
a tale . mukathi no — , an ancient story ; 
okaihii — , a funny story; tuobanashi, a lie ; 
a fiction; otoshi-banashtf a oomieal stoiy; an 
anecdote. 

Hakashi.-su ^n ■^ X ^t.T. To let go ; to set free; 
to separate; to loosen, liberate, let off ; to dis- 
charge, let fly ; to except ; to banish : teppo 
wo — , to fire a gun ; ya wo — , to let fly an 
arrow ; uma wo — , to set a horse loose ; te 
wo — , to let go the hand ; me wo hana$a2n 
mtnf, to look without taking off the eyes; 
hanashite o kure^ let go; shio wo mUu ni—, to 
sprinkle salt in water ; kore wo hana*hiie wa 
hoka ni nai,%here is no other except this. 

Hakashi.-su -'n -f- 5^ SJ t.v. To say ; to utter, 
speak, talk, tell: vntkashi no koto wo — , to 
tell an old story ; byoniii no yodai wo hannahi 
naaaret tell me now the sick man is ; haJia ye 
itte hanoMe, go and tell your mother. 
Syn. XATAXU, lu. 

Hasashi-ai,-ao >n •»• i^T 7 Vi"^ i.v. To talk 
together ; to converse ; to consult. 

Hakasbioaub >^-^$^dB^^ n. Tortoise which 
are sold to devout persons, who let them loose 
to gain merit. 
Haxabhika r\ -h 2^ ^ n. A story-teller ; one 
who makes a living by narrating stories. 
Syn. KdsBAxnsHi. 
Hakashibu ^^-^i^ a^ 4^ tH Q* T\xm mucous 

from the nose. 
Hanjsuo ^\ -h ^ i|c n. The Judas tree, Cercis 

chinensis. 
Hahataxb >^ *»> ^ ^ jpL y n. A nasal polypus. 
Hahatabb TN^^vjjL^n. A snotty nose. 
HAHATABBp-BU >'^'h ^ v>u pass. of hanat9u. 
HAHATASBi]aB,-BU ^\'^ fi %/ jn (cBust. of hanatiu) 
To cause or let etoape, or fly off. 



Hanatsu ^^-^5^ See hanachi. 

Hanatsuxi /y 'f' y ^ n. Striking the nose 

against, or running against each other. 
Hanatsuxxtbz ^n -h 7 ^ 9 ^£ I£ n* A maker 

of artificial fiowers ; a fiower gardener. 
Hakatsumx ^n '^ 7 1 n. Plucking flowers ; an 

excursion into the country for gathering flowers 

to offer to hotoke. 
Hama-uta ^^'^^Jr jjL l(jl: n. Singing in a 

low voice ; humming a tane : — wo utau, 

to hum a tune. Syn. tsuzushibx. 
Hakawa -'^ + y n. A nose-ring. 
Hanawa ->n -h /% n. A hill. 

Syn. OKA, TAXAUI. 

Hanata ^n -h-V :f£ ^ n. A florist ; a seller of 
flowers. 

HANATAOi,-au -'N -^ -Y / i.v. To be beautiful ; 
i.q., hanayaka na. 

Hanataxa '^^ -h -Y :)ir I# H adj . Beautiful ; hand- 
some ; elegant ; gay ; showy ; gorgeous : — na 
shozoku, gay clothing. 

Syn. BXPPA, XIRBI, HADB. 

Hana-tashikx ^n -f- y »^^ n. A flower garden. 

Hakatoicb ^'^'9' ^ jh J^fli n. A bride. 

Hanazaxabx ^^-^•^j(r 9 ^£2i(n* FuUbloom: 
— ni natta, to be in full-bloom ; juroku ihichi 
no mueume wo — to tu, a young lady of sixteen 
or seventeen is said to.be in her full bloom. 

Haba-zabu j\-i--fA' jjjLJgl n. The long-nosed 
monkey. 

Hanazoub r\-j' V* jf n. Trained or dyed by 
rubbing with flowers (as in ancient times) ; 
dyeing cloth in imitation of the color of cer- 
tain flowers. 

Hana-zono -*n -h •/ / n. A flower garden. 

Hanazuna >»% ^ </ -h n. A cord or thong put in 
the nose of oxen. 

Hana-zuba ^n •^ ^ 9 jjL ^ n. Tip of the 
nose, or before the nose; nose-ring (obs.). 

Hamchui ^Nvf-^ jyi^yn. The cbiel 
magistrate of a han or daimiate. The titls 
was given to the daimyd for a short timt 
after the restoration. 

Handa ^ b^ ^ ^ n. A basket chair (same afl 
kago), 

Handa >^ ^^ • S ft n. Tin (in block). 

Habdai >'^ v^ >f jBc IE n. A dining table. 

Handai >'^v^>f n. A tub used for carrying 
fish. 

Handab ^^n V ^ ^ j|b ^ n. Half a piece of cloth. 

Habdan ^ns^^v f^mH — sum, to judge and 
decide upon ; to try a case at law ; to explain, 
solve, interpret: kikky6wo — , to determine 
whether any event is luckly or unlucky ; yume 
wo — , to interpret a dream ; nazo wo — , to 
solve a riddle. Syn. toku, xaboaxbu, bajibu. 

Habdo 7\i^^if K^ n. A bucket for carry' 
ing rice. 

Hando ^\ V 1? 1^ K IS& n. Reaction : — ryoku, id. 

Hanb 7n^ M ^' ^ ^^°R I ^ feather ; the paddles 
of a paddle-wheel : — wo hirogeru, to expand 
the wings. 

Hanb ^n^ Ended; closed (as a theatrej : thihai 
ga — lit naru, the theatrical performance U 
over. 



HAN 



184 



HAN 



HAms >N^ M n* The right and left oblique 
down stroke of a Chinese character. 

Hanb ^>^ Sk n- Particles of mnd spattered 
about : — ga agant^ the mud spatters. 

Hanx,-bu js ^ a- P i.y. To prance, as a 
horse ;|g to flouQcCi flounder, leap, spring, 
bounce ; {$6 ^o sp&tter, splash about (as mud) : 
uma ga hanerUf the horse prances; sakana 
ga — , the fish leaps ; doro ga haneru, the 
mud spatters ; shibai ga — , the theatre is 
over; ji wo haneU haku^ to write with a 
flourish. 

Syn. OD01tI>AOARU, tobu. 

Hane,-bu .r>JF>;i' }g;^ t.y. To splash; to spat- 
ter ; to cut off (the head); doro too — , to spatter 
mud ; kuhi too — , to cut off the head ; m* wo — , 
to throw goods overboard. 

Hanb-aoabt,-bu ^\^ Tif^ ^th i*^* ^o spring, 
leap, or bound up: mari ga — , the ball 
bounces ; titoo ga mizu kara — , the fish leaps 
out of the water. 

Hane-bashi, ^n ^ /•? S^ n. A draw-bridge. 

Hanb-ouki ^nj^ /i^ J9 f^ n. ~ k quill. 

Hanb-kae,-bu ''^^ :^ ^ A' SliK i.v. To spring, 
bounce, or leap back ; rebound : lutne-kaeau, 
to make rebound. 

Haiie-kakb,-bu ^"^^iJ^f^^^ t.Y. To splash; 
to spatter. 

Hameeazuba j^^fjt^^ n. Same as hana- 
kaztira. 

Hake-mawabi,-bu -^> ^ V y ^ Sk ?€ !•▼. To 
prance, leap, bound, or dance around. 

HANB-NOEE,-Bn ^^^ J ^ ^ |g Bft t.v. To throw 
out, or jerk out. 

Hanb-okt,-bu ^n^ 9 * ^ Sk ^ i'^* To jump or 
spring up (from lying down). 

Hamb8ase,-bu ^^^•f'^A' caust. of 7ian«rtc. 

Hame-tsuchi 7>^:^f* itj[ n. Clay, such as is 
used in making earthenware. 
Syn. HAKi. 

Hanb-tsububb ^\^9^^^|An. A well 
bucket swung on the end of a pole or sweep. 

jHanezu-ibo j\^*f^n n. A red color. 

Hane-zukuboi ^n ^ ^ ^ n >f n. Preparing to 
fly ; the position of a bird about to fly. 

Hanoabi^w^*P <Ejyfyfi]n. Hungary (couutry). 

Hanoawasi J^i^ifV k^ ^ ^ adj* Half-dried, 
=namahL 

Hanob j\^y ^J[ n. The name of a medi- 
cinal plant, Saumrus cemuus. 

Hanoen .y\ 5^ y V ^ 9$ n. Deducting the half ; 
half price : — de ttni^ to sell at half price. 

Han-oetsu J\i^^y ^ ^ n. Half a month ; 
half-moon, or semicircular in shape. 

Han-oi J\i^^ tSL"^ t^' a block for printing: 
— thit a block-cutter. 

Hanoita ^NV:it^'V:K:^Sn* A block-cutter. 

Hamoo ^^V:f Kl^ n. Irony. 

Syn. UBAOOTO. 
Hanowan ?\^^fv^^]^ n. Anciently the 
title of a civil or znilitaxy officer of the 6th 
rank. 
Hanotaku j\^^^*t 9 jfcait n. ^ Bebellion;, 
treason ; treachery : — nin, a traitor ; — wo 
kuwadateru, to plot treason. 



HangtO ^'^ V iff -y t^ i^] ^ n. A seal mark ; the 

impression left by a seal : — wo torn. 
Hani ^\ zs. n. Clay ; i.q. hanet$ttehi. 
jHaki ^\ ^ n. The same as han-tw-ki : — iurit 

dyed with the bark of this tree. 
Han-i ^\i^^ K SI n. Field, province of 

limits (as of science, government). 
Hanifu j\^y n. Earth; clay; ground; region; 

countiy ; farm : — no toko ni futu, to lie on 

the ground ; — no koya^ a farm house. 
Hanxkami,-mu j^z^^ a i.v. To feel shy, timid, 

or diffident, as a child in the presence of 

others. 
fHANXSHi ^> ^ s^ n. A maker of day ima^ges. 
Hamiwa ^\£i.v ^Wb n. Clay images anciently 

placed around the tomb of the Emperor, as a 

guard of honor. 
Haniwabi ^^ f^ y 9 ^ ^ n. Hermaphrodite. 

Syn. FUTANABI. 

Hakja » ^ s? -V |)] 5|f n. A judge, critic: uta 

no — . 
Hanji ^\i^^ ^1'0. n. A judge in criminal or 

civil cases; a superintendent ; a magistrate: 

— c/<5, chief judge. 

Hanji,-bu ^\ V 3? ^ ^1] t.v. To judge, criticise; 
to solve, interpret : yume wo — , to interpret 
a dream. 

Syn. BANDAN. 

Hamjimono ^n V p % ^ n. Anything represented 
by emblems or symbols, or concealed under 
the names of natural objects ; an emblem ; a 
riddle ; a puzzle ; rebus. 

Hanjo ^NVxfr UL^ Striped (as the tiger or 
hyena). Syn. fu. 

HanjO ^M^if ntf ^9C (miida-goto) Trouble- 
some ; annoying. 

HanjS ^wr7 ^ft n. Half a mat; half a 
quire of paper. 

Hanjo ^^ V s? iri^ UltEtT^' Prosperity ; a thriv- 
ing, flourishing state, increasing in wealth and 
trade : — stiru^ to be prosperous ; — na taeki, 
a busy, thriving place. 
Syn. KiorrAXA, hanewa. 

Hanjo-btoku ^Nft^r^w^^ »• The striped 
hyena. 

Hanju ^> V 3? :3. ^] 1$ Appointed by the head ol 
a department, not by the Emperor. 

Hamjueu ^Nvs^a.^ ^Wk {namanie) Hall- 
cooked; half-done; half-boiled: — no tamago* 

Hansa ?\^ti ^tlt (han-ne) n. Half-price: 

— ni ««». 

Hanka ^^ V ^ ^"^ Mediocre ; moderately or 
tolerably good ; moderate ability. 

Haneam 7> d^ :^ d/ KM »• Treachery; perfidy; 
treason caused amongst the enemy: — no 
takti too hodokosu, to excite treachery, etc.; — 
no hakarigoto, 

Han-ea-tsO ^^s^:J^ 7 ^ 4*^. "^§1(0011.) OnlyhaU 
or slightly acquainted with, or versed in ; hall- 
learned : — na mono. 

Syn. KAMAHONO-JIBI. 

Haneen 7\ V >• a^ JKJg n. Copy-right: — 

menkyot — license. 
Haneetsd ^s^^y jj.ij^ n. (leg.) Jodicial 
decision: — roku^ judicial reports (books). 



HAN 



185 



HAN 



Uisn jyy^i^ ^^ n- Half year; half of a 
fixed term. 

Hakkin ^ w ^ V ^£i ^ n. Half the money or 
price of aoything. 

Hamkibx ^^v^ f ^^ n. A kind of letter 
paper. 

Harko ^^S'^ =1 Kl^ {tuhiro too kaerimiru) Look- 
ing back on the past ; retrospection ; re-exami- 
nation. 

Hanko ^\>'ii'fy HtH^ n, A block used in 
printing : — «wni, to print, publish. 

Ha2(koku ^n V a ^ ^P] (hori-nawotu) — iuru, 
to recnt blocks for printing; to reptiblish. 

Hankorom >'nv3 n V n. Semicolon. 

Hankota -'>v*fV]RffS ^' -A- printing 
office ; a block-cutter. 

HAinnT >»> V ^ ^zc n. Half a day*g work of a 
workman: — kakarimathita, has required 
half a day's work. 

HAjnnrA -^w ^ y )Bf $ n. Prosperity ; thriv- 
ing, bustling, (of places): — na toehi, a 
flourishing place. 

HiNEWAx /N V ^ V >f ^ ^ n- Semi-civiliza- 
tion. 

H^NKTl} j\^^^ A ^ n» A small bow. 

Haknbn ^x ^'-^ V ^^ n. Half a year. 

Hannichi j>i^=2,i- ^ g n. Half a day. 

Hakmdi ^n V a V ^] A. n. An indorser ; surety, 
a bondsman ; security. 
Syn. uxBAz nin, bhonin. 
.Hankin -'N^'jiv ^/v n. Half a day's work 
of a laborer: a pimp, procurer: — hodo 
krikatta, have done half a day!s work. 

Hak-kin ^^i/'zs.i/' Pl'Q: n. Appointment to 
office by the heads of public departments. 

Hannoki ^^y' ^ ^ -^^ n. A kind of tree, 
black alder, the Alnus japonica. 

Hansita ^w^-Y ^3^ n. (Sansc. Pradjna) 
Wisdom; one of the six Bud. virtues: tbe 
name of a canonical book of the Buddhists. 

Haitbi ^xv 9 $#% n. A wall, enclosure. 

Hanbo ^n v 9 ^ i^l ^ [tpazurawashi) n. Pains ; 
trouble in behalf of another : nanji no — too 
ihasuruy I thank yon for your trouble. 

Hanbo >n s^ ^ i> )^ # (hone-ori) n. Labor. 
Syn. Boxu. 

Hamsai j^s^-^^ ^^ {ya^i sonaemono) n. 
Burnt offering. 

Haksah ^^^-f i^ ^ tS: A' ^^ abortion; 
miscarriage. 

Hastsei J^i^-^g ^ Jf jf {saltan) Flourishing ; 

thriving; (of trade; of a city). 
Hansxi ^>V"i»'^ ^^ {mizukara J;aerimiru) n. 
Self-examination ; introspection : mi wo — 
surut to examine oneself. 
Haxsvx >>w-ti>f ^jE {tadashiki ni kaesu) 
Restoring order (of a country) : hatturan 
hantei, 
Hahbexi ^Ns^-fs^" fit a °* The census of a 

han or daimiate. 
Haxsbh j\ v-b V ^ ^ n. Half a cent. 
Hansbtbtj jsz^-^y j^Jg (hiroku iu) n. A 
general expression or statement, not particular 
or minute. 
Hahbstbtj /s vii y ^^ n. A small kakimono 



containing a maxim, or motto ; specimen of 

chirography. 
Hahsha J^^i^^ RjfM- {ikaem) Shooting back 

(an arrow) ; reflection (as of light) : — mru^ 

to reflect, shoot back. 
Hanshi -'n V i/ * ^ n. A kind of paper. 
Hanshx j^i^ i^ f§^ n. A vassal or retainer 

of a daimyd. 
Hanshin ^\ 2^ i^ V ^ S n. A rebel ; revolted 

servant. 

Syn. MUHOM NIN. 

Hanshin »vS^v ]^i<^ {fomuku kokoro) n. 
Intending revolt or rebellion : — «ttrM, to de- 
vise or purpose rebellion. 

Hanshtta ^nv«/^ IR -f n. The copy used 
in catting blocks. 

Hanbhita-kaki J^S'^Ji:^^ HSL'Vflr "• The 
person who writes the copy by which blocks 
are cut. 

Hansho j\i^i^-y^ N^tt°> A small bell; a 
fire-bell. 

HANsna >>wiB^ KUg (teri-kaetxi) — suru, to 
shine back, reflect. 

Hanshosu >»nv5^3^ #14 — ""*«! to in- 
crease, as property, animals; to multiply, 
abound. 
Syn. ruBBC. 

Hanbhu jsi^^zx J|§^ n. The lord of a /tan; 
Vk daimyd; feudal lord. 

Hanboeu ?\i^y ^ ^{^1 (somuku koto) Turning 
over from one side to the other; rebellious 
conduct. 

Hansubi ''> V >^ 9 ){^ ^ n. A printer ; or one 
who takes the impression from the blocks; 
a pressman. 

Hanta ^ w ^ if ^ Busy ; actively employed ; 
hard at work; full of business: — 7it tori- 
magirern, to be distracted with a press of 
business; hanta ni ttuki hatato shitBunen 
itashimashita^ I have so much to do that I 
quite forgot it. 

Syn. isooASHn, sewashii, tayo. 

Hantai /\i^ ji ^ ^ #J Opposite ; contrary ; 
antithesis ; contrast : — suru^ to oppose, act 
contrary to ; kitzu to kyd wa hantai nari, 
lucky and unlucky are the opposites of each 
other. 
Syn. uba-omotb, uba-haba. 

Hantei j\i>^f-Jt JII^P n- The place where 
a daimyd resides in the capital. 

Hantbi j\i^T^ ^l & n. G®8) Decision ; judg- 
ment : — 8uru, to decide, pass judgment upon. 

Hanten -''^J^^v^tJt^n. A kind of short 
coat, worn by workmen. 

Hanto j\yy ilii. n. (ohem.) Alumina. 

Hanto ^>>'> ^^ adv. Halfway; half done; 
half-through : ikma wo hajito de yameru, to 
stop fighting while only half through ; shigoto 
wo hanto de yamen^t to stop work when only 
half done. 
Syn. chOto. 

Hanueb J\si ^ ^m ^' (coll.) A person who 
has lost his teeth. 

Hahueedobi ^N^^f^P ^SKA°* A moult- 
ing bird. 



HAN 



186 



HAB 



Hivvn J^% ^ Alt n. TooCii lonoiw; ft 

peraon who extracts teeth. 
TUmjO ^^ V a ^ fUn Busy ; full of bniiiimii 

8711. BAVTA, TiLTd. 

HiSA^v-^^S Halt ft seat; pert of my aeftt, 
as in the phrase : gokurakm de — wo wakete 
maehi oru to, I will haTe part of my aeftt (on 
the lotus flower) waiting for yon in pft r adise , 
(as a dying hnsoand says to his wife). 

Hahza ^>v^ 2C^ n* Bringing hack npon 
one's self the punishment of a crime of which 
he had falsely aecnsed another. 

Hahzai j\^^jf it Hi (Uumi wo okmtu) n. (leg.) 
Commission of an offense or crime. 

BjJiZAnu ^\s^^ 7 )^}K {iln§ehuaru) Con- 
fusion; disorder; complex; busy; bustling. . 

Hahzxit j^^H^ IMJ!!^ (hirugaeru) adv. Tnni- . 
ing about; changing one's course of life: — | 
to ayamaehi too aratcuneru, 

Bakxex >^^v•tf V j^] jjj; (hakkiri) adv. Plainly; 
clearly; distinctly: — towakaru; — to no- 
bum. 

HahzS ^ w/ ^ 4^ S u- ^ small wooden tub ; 
wash-basin. 

Hahzoku /\ 3^ / ^ ft M (wMAon-nm) n. One 
engaged in rebellion or treason against the 
government or prince ; a rebel, traitor, insur- 
gent. 

Hanzubu y^s^:fij^ 1^] Same as kanjiru. 

Haobi ^^ i* 9 ^ M d. a coat : — wo kirn, to 
put on a coat ; — no eri, the collar of a ooat ; 
— no sode, the sleeve of a coat ; — no maehi\ 
the gore of a coat ; — no himo, the cord which 
fastens a ooat. 

Hi(te,-Bn 7\-itA' t.y. (coll.) To put over loosely 
(as a coat). 

Haoto ^>^t h n. The sound of wings, or of 
flying. 

Happa j\y ^{ Eight times eight ; sixty- four. 

Happi '^^ 7 k^ ^ 4f n* A kind of ooat worn by 
the followers of nobles ; i.q. hampi. 

Happo j^y ^<^ A.-;^ Eight sides ; all about : 
thi-hd happo, all sides ; erexy side. 

HappQ ^\yj\^ ^fg n. Firing a gun. 

Happu f'sy-f H JV (kami to Itadae) n. Hair 
and skin : shin-tai Jtappu kore wo fubo ni uku^ 
onr whole body is gotten from our parents. 

Happu ?\7 -f fi| # — «tiru, to issue, pub- 
lish : thimimn jdrei wo — . 

Happubi ^^y -/y ^i§,n. Armor for covering 
the forehead ; a frontlet. 

Happyaku ^>7 tfir^ A"? n. Eight hundred. 

Happt«-zai j^y^if-^^ ^iljifH n. (med.) A 
diaphoretic medicine. 

Hara ''^ ^ /R n. A moor, prairie ; a wild, un- 
cultivated region. 

Haba ^^ 9 DI The belly; abdomen ; (met.) mind ; 
conscience ; heart ; anger ; spleen : — no uehi, 
in the belly ; in the heart or mind ; — ga tatiu, 
to be angry ; — wo kirn, to commit suicide by 
cutting the belly ; — ga heru, to be hungry ; Tmra 
wo suete kakaru, to keep one's self-possession 
and bide the time ; hara ni aru, have it in 
miod ; hara ga nam, to have a rumbling in 
the belly; — ga kudam, the bowels are loose; 



skitM kara, the hypogaatrio region ; yoko-hara, 
the aide of the belly ; — wo taguru, to aearoh 
the heart ; — wo aiefantm, to oommit suicide; 
hara no wami kilo, ft bad hearted man; -^de 
warau, to laugh in ckmPm sleeve, Kara ga a«, to be 
of the same mind; kava mo nai, pusillanimoos ; 
kama no 9kU kUo, a magnanimous bmui ; ^ippai 
aunt, to see all one wishes ; — kitaiwuAt, evil 
intent ; — takatki, pregnant ; hmra kwroki 
ba, hlaek-hearted woman ; yotsu wo teno mama 
ni oite wa hara ga ienaiy if I let that fellow g« 
unpunished my heart will never be at essa 

Haba-atb j\jy^ ^% XL. A doth worn over 
the chest and belly; armor for ooTunng^be 
abdomen. 

HAaAnAi,-Au ^sjr^y HIQ i.T. To lie on tbt 
belly; to creep: harabatt€ fKm, or harahai 
ni nem, to sleep lying on the belly. 

Habadachi >^ 9 ^ f* ffi^ n. (ooll.) Anger: 
ftogiy. 
Syn. BippuKu. 

Habadachi,-tsu j\^ify i.y. To be ang/y : — 1 

magire ni hito wo kvltu, to be carried away I 

with anger and beat a person. | 

Syn. iKABU, ixiDdBn. 1 

Habaoawabi >r% 9 jtT^^ 9 |^ IK n. Different ' 

mother but the same father : — no k-yodai, \ 

half-brothers ; — no ant, haif-brother. | 

Habaoomobi .^N 9 :f « 9 |( f| n. Pregnancy; 
gestation ; in utero : kono ko ga — no toki ni^ I 

while pregnant with this child; — no ko, a | 

fetus. 

Habagokashi ^^^ zf-t' i^ *;g ji^ n. (eoU.) Pro- 
moling digestion ; assisting digestion: — ni 
aehi-koehi aruku, to walk about to promote 
digestion ; — ni thigoto wo mm, to work in 
order to assist digestion. 

Habaoubo ^^ 9 / ** IS K — fM« black-bearted; 
malicious : — na hito. 
Syn. uiwabO, akd-bbim. 

HABAauBOKi,-KO,-SHi /N 9 f u 9^ Bflj. Black- 
hearted ; malicious; malignant. 

Haba-haba-to ^^ 9 ''n 9 adv. The aonnd of 
rustling, as of silk, or of leaves blown by the 
wind ; Uie sound of tears dropping, or of cry- 
ing: namida wo — nagatu. 

Habai ^^ 9 to W n* A payment ; selling ; clearing 
off : — wo <itru, to make a settlement of a bilL 

Habai ^n^ b 4t n. Shinto prayers: — wo 
yomu. 

HABAi,-An -'^ 9 7 Si t.v. To cloar away, drive 
away, expel ; to pay ; to sell off: kane tco — , to 
pay money ; kanjo wo — , to settle an aocount ; 
gomi wo — , to dust, clear away dirt ; akuma wo 
— , to expel or exorcise evil spirits ; wiizawai wo 
— , to turn away or clear off misfortiizie ; harai- 
mono, an article not wanted, and for sale; 
fiarai-giwa no wami hito, a person alow in 
paying debts ; atari wo — , to clear away all 
about him ; temae wo — , to clear all before 
him. 

HABAi-DAfiHi,>su -»^ 9 li ^X t.v. To pay out, 
expel. 

Habai-xomi.-mu >r> 9 b 3 a» t.v. To pay in ; 
to sweep into, drive into. 



HAB 



187 



HAB 



EABALMODOOBIy-Sn ^ ? b % I? 3^ t.Y. To DEJ 

back. 
Eabaisb ysy jf ^t n. Dispelling or venting 

anger : — ni sake wo nomu; — fii akkd wo iu, 
HiBA-iTAXX j-s^ J^ St \ IS 9X (fuku-un) n. 

Colio ; belly-adie. 
HiBAi-wATABHi,-4U -^ 9 b 1^ ^ 3^ t.v. To pay 

over. 
HiRjLKjLn ^^ ? ^ ^ n ^i' n. A oloth covering 

tied over the cheat and abdomen. 
jHabakara >'^ 9 jEr 9 ^ IS n. Brother or 

sister ; bom of the same mother. 

Syn. ZTODAIr SHIMAI. 

HimiTBi y\ 9 ^ 9 ^ K n. Soioide by catting 
open the abdomen. 
Syn. sippUKu. 

Habjucudabz ^^ 9 ^ ^ 9 }k^ JS n. A diarrhoBa; 
bowel-complaint. 

ffAEAMAifT ^\ 9 ^ ^ B5 # n. Armor for the 
abdomen, or any bandage or cloth around the 
abdomen. 

HABAifABB,-BU rs'^-r^n^ ^^ (caust. of ha- 
rami) To impregnate. 

iHiBjiHKKi,-Ku v'N 9 ^ ^ i.v. To fall in scat- 
tering drops ; to patter (as rain drops). 

Habixi ^^9 $ 2^ n. Pregnancy; conception. 

Habami,-m n ^N 9 A 2^ i.v. To be pregnant ; 
to conceive; to be with child; to bulge out: 
onna ga haranda^ the woman is pregnant; 
harami onna^ a pregnant woman ; haramanu 
huuri, medicine to prevent conception ; hara- 
mi-f Mft<\ month of conception. 
Byn. viooHOBu, kikshin subu, xwaikin, 

KWAZTAI SUBU. 

Haban ^^9 V ^31 (nam) n. Wave; billow; 

surge : kaze naki ni — wo okotn, 
Haba-obi >> 9 i- If 29^ 9 n. A belly -baud ; a 

saddle girth. 
Syn. iwATA-OBi. 
Hababaoa8hi,-6U ^^ 9 9 ^ X t.v. To scatter, 

disperse ; to put to flight, rout : teki wo — . 
HababaoXi-ou ^^ 9 9 / i*v. To be scattered, 

routed, dispersed, put to flight. 
Hababaoo ^'^ 9 9 ^f j$, ^ n. Fish-roe (of 

salmon) ; milt. 
Haba8e,-bu ^> 9 is ^ "^^ (caust. of hari) To 

cause or order to spread, or paste. 
Habasbi,-su ^n9^ S i*^* ^o <^^®^ away, 

drive away, expel, dispel ; to swell : ikidori wo 

— , to dispel auger; mayoi wo — , to dispel 

doubt. 
Habajbuji ^\ 9 ^ f-' IS. IK n. The nerves or 

ligaments of the abdomen : — wo yoru, to 

laugh heartily. Syn. okashix, hbb-na. 
Habatachi,-tsu j\^ Sfy i.v. Same as hara- 

daUn, 
Habatachippoi,-ku,-sbz ^"^ 9 if f- y d^ >f adj. 

(ooll.) Irascible; irritable; peevish; touchy; 

testy. 
HABA.-TATji8HZKi,-Ku rs ^ St 9 i^ ^ adj. Ex- 
citing anger; irritating; provoking. 
tHABATOBX ^\ 9 h 9 n. A shampooer. 

Syn. AHKA. 
Habatsuzuxi ^3 y^\ n. Drumming upon 

the belly : — wo vXtt ywokohm. 
18 



Habawabb,-bu /\ 9 >^ w ^ (pass, and pot. of 
harai) To be driven away, expelled; to be 
cleared away ; to be paid : karawwtnu (neg.) 
cannot be — . 

Habawa8B,-bu ^n 9 ^\ -k ^ (caust. of /larat) To 
cause or let another drive away, or pay. 

Habawata j\ ^ V St jK n. The bowels ; 
intestines: — wo ahiboru^ to squeeze the 
bowels (to feel vexed or angry) ; — ga chigi- 
rerUi bowels rent (with grief). 

Habata ''^9'V MI^ °* ^ preparation of 
mercury used as a medicine. 

Habe ^nu n. Clear weather; public or con 
■ spicuous place ; state occasion: — no basho, 
id.; kyd wo — to ki-kazaru. 

Habb >»n V jS n. A swelling : hare ga hiitat 
the swelling has gone down. 

Habe,-bu ''m^ ^ I^ i.v. To be cleared away, 
dispelled ; to be clear, open ; without con- 
cealment ; public : ame ga — , the rain has 
cleared off; Unki ga hareta^ the weather has 
cleared off ; utagai ga — , doubts are dispelled ; 
tenka harete no shohai, a business publicly 
carried on ; tenka harete omae no nyobo, publicly 
known to be your wife. 

Habe,-bu jsvA' Ji i.v. To be swollen : me ga 
— , eye is swollen ; hare-agarti, to swell up. 

Habb-babb .9\u/^v i^l^ adv. Clear; bright; 
open ; unclouded; easy in mind : ki wo kittara 

— ihita^ when the trees are out away it be- 
comes clear; yd wo tunuuhite — shita, by 
doing up one's business to feel free and eany. 

HabEBABXSHII,-XI-KU ^\U/^l^i^>f ^ 4* A4i> 

Fine; splendid: — hataraki da^ a splendid 
action. 

Syn. APPABE, HiLNABAHASHn. 

Habeoi ^m^V ^tm ^' Dress-clothes worn 
on going out, or ou special occasions ; holiday 
clothes. 

Hawfma ^\ w>r n. Clear spaces or intervals 
between the clouds or rain : — wo mite kaeru, 

Habemono /nu%^ jffi^D' A swelling; a boil. 
Syn. 8HUMOTSU. 

Habe-na ^Nt^-h flU adj. Fine; grand; illus- 
trious; eminent; heroic; public: — waia^ a 
daring, heroic feat. 

Habebuta ^nvA'-v (Heb. kami wo home yo) 
Praise ye the Lord. 

Habbtsu ^s u y ift S Explosion ; rupture ; 
bursting: — turu^ to burst, explode, blow 
up,. rupture : — dama, a bomb-shell ; — gwan^ 
id.; shinzd — , rupture of heart. 

Habetakana jw^-yfj-t' adj. Clear ; undonded ; 
bright; cleared; open; manifest: — tenki, 
clear weather; — tokorot an open place cleared 
of trees. 

Habi >'n 9 if n« A needle, pin ; a sting ; a 
stitch : — wo bo ni tu, to exaggerate, magnify ; 

— no m«, the eye of a needle ; — no taki^ the 
point of a needle ; — wo uteu, or — wo hinerut 
to insert the needle in acupuncture; hachi 
no — , the sting of a bee ; hito — ni2» to put in 
a stitch. 

Habi .»> 9 f} n. A thorn. 
Syn. Toos. 



HAR 



188 



HAS 



Habi >»> 9 S^ n. The heavy beams in a roof. 
Syn. UTSOBABi, 

Harz ^\ 9 ^JH n. Glass ; crystal : liariki, 
glass-ware ; harishif glass-maker. 

Habi ^9 n. Used as a numeral in counting 
bows, tents, mosquito nets, etc. 

Habi,-ru -'^ >^ fli t.v. To paste over, nail over, 
spread over ; to slap, strike : kami wo — , to 
paper (a wall); ita tco — , to board over, 
weather-board, clapboard; atama too — , to 
slap the head (of another); (fig.) to take a 
certain percentage from the wages of those 
whom one has aided in finding employment ; 
to squeeze ; shoji wo hanty to paper a screen ; 
karakasa wo — , to make an umbrella. 

Habi,-bu ^n ^ % t.v. To stretch, spread, 
open ; to extend ; to display, exhibit ; to boast ; 
to urge or allege in argument ; (i.v.) : to be 
swollen, distended: yumi wo — , to bend a 
bow ; naica wo — , to stretch out a line ; ami 
wo — , to spread a net ; mUe wo — , to display 
the wares of a shop ; omote wo — , to endeavour 
to keep up appearances ; hiji wo — , to spread 
the elbowfl, i.e. to swagger, bluster ; iji wo — , 
to be obstinate; ki wo — , to strain every 
nerve ; xehen wo — , to strive to make a good 
show in the world ; me wo — , to stare ; chichi 
ga — , the breasts are distended (with milk) ; 
shigoto ga — , to be overburdened with work. 

Habi,-bu >n A' i.v. To bud : aoyagi ga — , the 
willow tree is budding. 
Syn. MEOUMU, kizasu. 

Habi,-bu >rN a. ^ t.v. To clear new land and 
bring it under cultivation : kishi wo ta ni — ; 
yama wo hatake ni — . Syn. kaikon subu. 

Habi-agb,-bu j\^ y ^ A' t.v. To spread aloft ; 
lift up : ho wo — , to set a sail ; koe wo — , to 
lift up the voice. 

Habx-ai >'^ 9 T b 5S ^ n. Emulation ; rivalry ; 
competition ; a striving together ; contending 
or struggling with : — ga naif dispirited, dis- 
couraged. 

Habi-ai,-ad f\^ TV ^^ !•▼. To rival ; to 
vie with each other ; to emulate, compete. 

Habtai-nin ^n 9 T b ^ V n. A rival ; competitor. 

Habi-bako ->> 9 /-T a ^f 3S n. A needle-box ; a 
lady's work-box. 

Habiban >»n 9 /^>^ n. A sentinel, sentry, watch. 

Habidamashii >»n 9 ^ V ^ n. Stout-hearted ; 
resolute; bold; having a spirit determined 
not to give way or yield : — ga ywrumu^ his 
resolution gave way. 

Habidashi.-su ->\ 9 ^x ?R?fc t.v. To jut out, 
protrude, swell out, stretch out. 

Habtpuda -'^ 9 7 ^ 5ft ^L n. A placard, hand- 
bill pasted up, poster. 

Habioami -'^ 9 *M fft I50Q n. A note pasted to 
a commnnication, and containing the reply 
to its inquiry ; a placard, poster. 

Syn. BAOEFUDA. ^ 

Habioakb ^> 9^^ ^jJJ n. Wire. 

Habi-i ^> 9 ^ ^} V °* A needle doctor ; one 

who performs acupuncture. 
Habmka 7> 9 >f ^ n. A species of cuttle-fish. 
Habi-ibb >n y -f w ^f X n. A needle-case. f 



Habi-ita .^n 9 >f ^ fft % n« The board on which 

the clothes are stretched and dided after 

washing. 
Habiko ^^ 9 :> fft fi Q* Anything made of 

paper; papier-mach6. 
Habikomi,-mu -^n 9 3 A fft a^ i.v. To stretch : 

harikonde kaut to buy an article regardless of 

the price ; yumi wo harikonde oftii, to kf«p 

the bow bent. 
Harime >»> 9 ^ ^ g n. The edge or seam 

formed by joining paper, cloth, wood, etc., 

together. 
ELkBiMEOiNu ^N 9 ^ it^^ n. A garment made 

of dififerent colored patches. 
Habimonoya .^n 9 % ^ -V n* A fuller of cloth. 
Habinezumi •^'^9^:/^jJ|n. A hedgehog. 
Habinuki jsi) yi ^ fft ^ n* Articles made of 

a kind of papier-mach6. 
Habi-bftoji >»> 9 u^'f^n. Treatment of disease 

by acupuncture. 
Habx-sake,-bu ^n 9 ■9- ^ /u ^ f|l i.v. To tear 

by stretchiug, or expanding: atama ga /larv 

iakeru yd ni itai, head aches ready to burst. 
Habitsukb ^^^ y ^ J^ n. Punishment by 

crucifixion and 8pearing. 
Hari-tsuke,-bu ->n 9 ? ^ ^^ IJ Pft t«v. To 

paper ; to paste over with paper. 
HARrzA ^N 9 -V jiE QE n A needle maker, oi 

seller. 
Habi-tabubi,-bu j^^^-fA' ?ft?J|[ t.v. To tear 

by stretchinc:. 
Habu /na* igL u. The spring; the first of the 

four seasons : — wo omou^ to be wanton. 
Habu-babu j\a/<A' S S ftdv. Far; distant 

— to kuruy to come from afar. 
Habubb ^\A^n. Spring time. 
Habubi j\A'\i 5|l n. A saddle-girth=i/iara-oM. 
Habubi ^n ii- b' ^ H n. A spring day. 
Habuoo ^^A'zf tS^ S n. Produced or bred 

in the spring; a silk-worm that breeds but 

once a year, 
Habuookobo » a- if a p n Wanton or lustful 

desires ; gallantries. 
Habuka ^N>u* sS «^^j- Far; distant; remote, 

estranged ; very ; much : — ni witerti, seen from 

a distance ; — ni masarUt much better ; — nt 

hedatsuy widely separated ; — mufctuTii, remote 

antiquity; — ni omon, not concerned about. 
Habukeki,-ku-shi ^n >w ^ s^ adj. Distant ; far 

off ; remote. 
tHABDKi,-KU /> A- ^ t.v. Same as Hirahrt. 
HABUJrEKi,-KD ^N A- ^ ^ i.v. To be Spring-like; 

have the appearance of spring: atataka de 

harumeite mairimashita, owing to the warmth 

it begins to look like spring. 
Habu-no-miya >'n a^ >/ 5 "Y n. The heir- 
apparent. Syn. Toou, taibhi. 
Habusaxi >»\ A'i^ ^ n. Spring time : — no atM^ 

spring rains. 
Habusamb jsn^'fjn jJjLpfy n. Spring rains. 
Hasai js'ijr^ Vk^ {yahuri kudaku) — 9tiru, to 

break in pieces. 
Habamabi,-bu /\-f-rA^ ^ i.v. To be between 

two other things : ha no aida ni wpo no hone ga 

hasamatta, a bone has got between the teeth. 



HAS 



189 



HAS 



Euin >\f I ^ 7J n. Soiasors : — de kiru, 
to cut vith scissors. 

Hi8in,-3iu ^y^A, ^ t.v. To take, place, 
insert, or hold between two other things ; to cat 
vith scissors ; to harbor, cherish, entertain : 
huhi de nwo wo — , to take fish with chop* 
iticks ; hana uo hon no aida ni hoiande oku, 

I to place a flower between the leaves of a book ; 
hihatU de hi too hatamUf to take up fire with 
tonga; hon wo waki no shita ni — , to hold a 

book under the arm. 
Sjn. miKU. 
flisixiBAKO jy-f ^^<:3 t^JHi n, A black box 

fixed to each end of a pole and carried over 

the shoalder (used only by persona of rank); 

(fig.) the mamps. 
His^BAKo ^\-^ %,<:3 n. A box or case for 

keeping scissors in. 
fli8iiii.n«,-Ru -»>1M >f i' #X t.v. To take 

op mtb sticks or fingers and put in ; to inter- 

lesf, interline. 
flmm-KiRVBu ^>t l^f^ S^^ t.v. To cut 

^tb scissors. 
HisiMMiDsHi jy-fXi^i^ n. The earwig, a 

fpecies of Forficula. 
HiSAHi-ccHi J^t l^t i^\^ n. An attack 

on each flank at the same time : — ni sum, 

to aitack on each flank. 
Hasah j\t ^ ^ £ n Bankuptcy , in- 
solvency. 

Syn. BUN8A2I. 

Hisi.-BTJ ^^it^ li t.v. and i.v To ride fast; 
to gallop ; to run ; to hasten, urge on : uma 
»p — , to gallop or run a horse ; ktoan-raku 
ni kokorowo — , to strive after happiness. 

HA8«.mUMABI,-BU J> ^t 7 ^ ^ ^ iftll !.▼. 

To ride together, to assemble by riding to- 
gether; to run together. 
Hasb-chioai,-iu >\-tef-*'7 ttlti-v To ride 
and miss ; to ride past each other. 
Ha8e-xabbi,-bu -'^■te*-N>^ ji® i.v To ride 

or ran back ; to gallop back. 
Si£BKAEam,-BJ3 >\-te^^5^ lis^ t.v. and i.v. 
To cause to ride back ; to send back in haste ; 
togaUopback. 

SASE-KITARl^-nU J\ -^ ^ ^ JU JJ ^ I.V. To 

come fast on horse-back, to come in haste. 
HisE-xcBiBE ^y^^f^n. i.q. hoihiri- 

kurabe. 
Hase-maibi,-bd j^^^f^^ 1^^ i.v. To run 

and come. 
^^«-«AWjiai,-Ru ^> « ^^N /u li^ i.v. To 

nde fast or run around; to gallop around. 
msB.MojTO -^Mc«^ n. Anything in one's way; 

obstruction, impediment. 
flA8E-jfUKii,-AU -TM, A :j> 7 jj,^ i.v. To ridc 
^Bt to meet; to gallop opposite to ; to run to 

^.hiw;;^k^5 «^ "• ^ '^'^^'^^ ' - ''"^^^ 

H^-T8t7Ki,-Ku >'N-b7^ JftfcJ- i.v. To ride, 

gaUop, or nm and oyertake. 
m^GABHi-su ^-.i^-Tffy^ (oaust. of hashagi) 

To cause to dry. ^ ^* 



Hashao; 



i^^i^^^^n. Dryness ; aridity. 



Habhaoi,-ou -^> i'lr / K i.v. (coll.) To be dry ; 
arid ; parched ; to frolic ; to be playful : tsuchi 
ga — , the ground is dry ; kuchi ga — ; tnu 
ga — , the dog is frolicsome. 
Syn. KAWAKU. 

Habhi >rN i^ ^ n. A bridge : — wo kaheru, to 
throw a bridge across ; Juuhi bushin iuru, to 
build or repair a bridge ; — wo watarUf to cross 
a bridge ; — no rankan, the rail of a bridge ; 
ippon-bashif a bridge made of one stick ; Jiashi- 
zumef end of a bridge. 

Habhi ^> s^ ^ n. Chop-sticks : — de hasamu^ 
to take up with chop-sticks ; — too torn, to take 
the chopsticks; — no age-oroshi^ frequently or 
constantly. 

Hashi j\l/' 4f n. The bill or beak of a bird. 
Syn. KncHiBASHi. 

Hashi ^> s^ ^ n. The edge, margin, brink, 
side, end, extremity ; a small piece, fragment ; 
the origin, commencement, elementary prin- 
ciples, starting point, root, source, bud: ito 
no — , the end of a thread ; niichi no — , side of 
a road ; i$ukue no — , the edge of a table ; 
Juishijikaf near the edge ; aratoi no hashi wo 
hiki-datUf lit. to draw out the point of a dis- 
pute ; to come near falling out. 
Syn. FUCHi, HAji. 

Hashibaui ^n s^/^ ^ ^ ^- Hazel or filbert, the 
Gorylus heterophilla. 

Hashi- BA8HI ^>s^/^i^ 1^1$ u. Four sides; 
extreme or distant partR. 

Hashibcnb jy 5^ y^ ^% ^ n. A small boat. 

Hashidate -'Ni^yT iff ^' A ladder. 
Syn. HASHioo. 

Hashi-qaei >'^ ^^^ /^ ^ n. The preface to 
a book ; also poRtscript, appendix. 

Hasbioo ^> s^ :f ^ n. A ladder, stairs : — no 
kot the ruuga of a ladder ; — wo kakeru^ to put 
up a ladder ; — wo noborut to go up a ladder. 

HiSBiotJi ^N s^ / >f :)$ ^ n. The wooden piles 
which 8\ipport a bridge. 

Hashi-ita -'^S^^fir ^^ n. Floor of a bridge^ 

Hashiea j^l^-fj u. The beard of wheat. 
Syn. Nooi. 

Hashika ^n s^ ^ CR ^ T^' ^1^6 measles: — wo 
gurxi, to have the measles. 
Syn. UA6HIN. 

Hashieakb ^^ly^^ iSitSk ^' ^ mediator, go- 
between : — «uri/, to mediate, 

Ha8hike,-iiu y> s^ >> /u t.v. To unload, or take 
out cargo from a ship by boat loads : ni wo — , 
to unload goods. 

Hashiee-bune J^i^iry*^ n. A cargo-boat; 
a small boat. 

fHASHixEYASHi -'^ j^^ "V »^ intcrj. How lovely. 

IHashiki ?\i^9^ adj. Dear ; beloved : — tsuma^ 
beloved wife. 
Syn. KAWAn. 

Ha8hikoi,-ei-ku-shi ^n »/ =1 >f adj. Shrewd ; 
wise ; sagacious ; clever ; active ; smart; 
cunning. Syn. xashixoi, bik5. 

Habhi-mobi ?\i^^^ Ht^T^* ^^d guard of a 
bridge ; a bridge-keeper. 

fHABHiuuxAu ^>s^a:)^7 adj. Growing up oi 
living together. 



HAS 



140 



HAS 



HxsBssAxv ^> s^ -^ ^ adv. Bashly. 

Ha-shio jsI^tH n. The tartar that collects 
about the teeth ; i.q. hajiwo. 

Hashiba y> 3^ 9 ti^ n. A post, pillar, colnmn ; a 
mast ; the nameral for gods : — loo tateru, to 
set np a post ; — kakiishi, pictures or inscrip- 
tions bung against the pillars of a house to 
hide them ; kashira-date wo surUt to set np 
the framework of a house. 

Ha8Hiba6hi,-8U ^> ^ ^ :^ 4^ ^ (canst, of hashiri) 
To make to run or sail : mizn too toaki ye — , 
to make the water flow off to one side. 

Hashiri -»n 5^ »; ;fe ii. The first fruits, or first 
caught fish of the season; first goods; the 
running, flow, movement : koiio to wa — ga 
yoU this door moves easily. 

BUbhibi,-iiu jsi^A^ ^ i.v. To run ; to move 
fast ; to flee ; to flow, or sail fast : uma ga — , 
the horse runs ; fane ga — , the ship sails ; 
viizu ga •— , the water flows swiftly ; hito ga 
— , the man runs ; ehi ga — , the blood flows ; 
katana ga hashitta, the sword has dropped out 
of the sheath; Juuhiri-agaru^ to runup; ha- 
thiri-kaeru, to run back ; hashiri-iderH, to run 
out; hashiri-koeru, to run across; hashiri- 
kudaruj to run down ; hashiri-vuiwarit, to mn 
around ; hathiri-mukau, to run to meet ; ha- 
thiri-tobUt to run ; hashiri-yoru^ to run near. 

Syn. KAKEKU, TOBU. 

Hashiribi j\l>^') }£ n. Sparks. 
Syn. TOBiHi. 

Hashirioaki ^M^^if^ ^ IP n. Fast writ- 
ing ; a running baud. 

Habhiri-hodashi » i' i; lie #i^ »^ n. Shackles 
(on horses). 

Hashibiji >'^ 5^ >; ^' jfa^ n. Bleeding piles. 

Hashibi-kubabe >'>J^9^9^:J^jRn. A trial 
of fleetness ; a race. 

Habhita j^l^jf ^ n, A fraction, fragment; 
an imperfect part; mean ; low ; awkward : — ni 
nam, to be imperfect, broken, insufficient; — 
ga deru, there is a little over ; a fragment too 
much. 
Syn. FusoKU, hampa. 

Habhitaka, or Haitaea ^\i^ji:fjn. A species 
of female falcon. 

Hashitame or Hashita ''^ l^ if J^ # -ic n. A 
female servant : luuhita-onna^ id. 

Habhitamono j\9^St=^^ n. A servant ; any 
mean or low thing. 

Ha8hitanai,-ki-ru-shi ^> 5^ >f -^ ^ adj. Low; 
mean ; of humble condition ; in speaking hum- 
bly of one's self ; diffident ; backward ; reserved ; 
not intimate; not acquainted; not familiar 
(obs.). 

ELLBHtTANAMi.-Mu >»> i' >f -^ A t.v. To ill-ticat ; 
treat rudely or roughly. 
Syn. HUGE Ni NAsn. 

Hashitomi >'> v' b ^ n. The lower leaf of a 
door of two leaves, the upper leaf being opened 
by pushing up, and the lower remaining 
stationary. 

IHashi-udo ^> 3^ i> > n. A maker of clay 
images. 

IHashizuma /> 2^y V n. Beloved wife. 



Hashizuhb ^>i^^^ tftIS' n- The foot oft 
bridge ; the place where a bridge joins on to 
the land. 

Ha8H(J»17 ^i^-rt^y fittSH o- Lock-jaw; 
tetanus. 

Hashobi i> i^ y V % ^ n. The tuck or 
shortening made in the skirts by girding them 
under the belt : — too orosn, to let down the 
skirts. 

HA8H0Bi,-Btr j\ ^ y A- jf^^ t.v. (coll.) To 
shorten ; to tuck up ; to reduce in length ; ab- 
breviate ; to portion : shiri too — , to tuck Qp 
the skirt of the long coat by sticking it under 
the ghrdle ; btm too — , to abbreviate a writing; 
kaimoHo wo — , to cheat or defraud a persoa 
for whom one is buying anything by charging 
more than it cost ; to squeeze ; sSji wo katkotte 
okn, to leave work slovenly done. 
Syn. HABUKU, tfunuEu sxtbu. 

IHasodb jyy^ n. Feather garments, such as 
are worn by tennin. 

Hason ^\ y V ^^{yaburesokonau) n. Damage; 
injury: — turn, to damage, injure; — wo 
Uukiiran^ to repair a damaged place. 

Syn. ITAMB, YABURE. 

Hassaeu >s V -^ 9 A. Ijl {Jwchi gerUu no 
txuitrtchi) n. The first day of the eighth 
month. 

Hassan ^sy -^ i^ i\ Jf n. The rule of division 
in arithmetic. 

Hassen ^N^'-tev A=f- n. Eight thousand. 

Hassen ^\y ■^si^ AJjj^n. An unlucky period 
of 12 days in the summer. 

Hassen ^> !y -it v ^ffi: {funade) Sailing of a 
ship from port. 

Habsha ^n^S^-V &M n* The departure of 
railway trains and stages : — jikoku-hyo, a 
time-table. 

Hasshi j\v U^ adv. The sound made by 
striking any hard substances together : — to 
vUn; — to tike-tomeru ; ehd-cho — to tata 
kau. 

Hasshi,-su ''^ 7 ?^ g t.v. or i.v. To send out; 
to issue ; to burnt forth ; to rouse, excite ; to 
open out (as a flower) ; to manifest ; to display, 
appear ; to produce, give rise to, develop ; to 
flash out: gmuei wo — , to send forth an 
anny ; toki no koe wo — , to raise a shout ; 
netsu wo — , to have a fever ; ikari wo — , to 
be angry ; hi ga — , the fire flashed up. 
Syn. OEosu, hiraeu. 

Hasshin ^^:y8^v S#F n. (med.) Braption; 
eruptive. 

Hasshin >'> 5^ 5^ v g f* — •imi, to despatch 
a message. 

HassbO /syl^tf A^ The eight Boddhist sects 
viz., rte«i* f$; kntha 1R#; jojitstt d(^; hotso 
Vi rt ; tanron ^ ^ ; tendai ^ ^ ; kegon # H ; 
ehin-gon ^ "g*; of these only tendai and *kiM- 
gon remain at the present day. Beaides these 
there are now Men-tha ^j^, jddo '^ jt., monto 
pg^, hokke j£|f , jitha Mt *, eonie of whkb 
are again subdivided. 

Hasshutsu 7\yl^3uy gjj* (d^ru) — tiim, 
to issue from ; emanate. 



HAS 



141 



HAT 



HAffr /\x 31 B. The lotas plant : — no hana, 
tii« lotus lower ; — no utena, the calyx of the 
lotos flower ; — no ike, a lotns pond. 
Syn. BSHoa, hachxbu. 

Hisn ^>3^ Jt n. Thebonito. 
Syn. MAoimo, hatbu, bhibt. 

Histt j\ X ^ ^fS^ ^* The amount over; 
bahmee; the number remaining over ; odd : — 
wo kiri-tuterti. 

Habuea /\ X ''^ n. (coll.) A noisy person. 

HiBu-mo j\'X'4 ^ n. Taro. 

Hastji f\x^ n. Fistola in ano. 

SjD. ANAJX. 

Hisu-Ki /N3^ra adv. Obliqnely: — Wrw, to 
cut obliquely. 

Hasubd >\'X,fu Same as hathini, 

Hata />ir in n. A field (of upland): 'hata- 
Mono, a thing grown in the upland fields. 
Syn. BATAXx. 

Hata f\9t ^h. A flag, ensign : — wo agem, to 
hoist a flag ; — hito-nagare; -^ no too, a flag- 
staff; hatathita, under the flag; under the 
command of ; — (uhi, the free end of a flag. 

Hata ^\ jr |K n. A loom : — wo heru, to airange 
the yam in a loom ; — oru, to weave ; kinn- 
hata^ a silk-loom ; hata-mono, a weaving 
machine ; — dotio, a room for weaving. 

Hata /nJT ^ n. The side; nearby: ido no 
hata ye, to the side of the well, or near to the 
well; hata no hito, bystanders; hata kara 
kuehi wo datu-na, bystanders must not put 
in a word; kawa no — , the bank of a river. 

Syn. KATAWABA, 80BA, HOTOBI. 

Hata ^>Ji fff eonj. Moreover ; again. 

Hata j>jt n. The name of a fish, Terranus 
moara. 

IHata ^n St n. The fin of a fish : — no iamono, 
small fishes : — no hironwno, large fishes. 

fHATABABi ^ >r r? 9 n. Wide; extended; broad. 
Syn. BABA. 

Hatababx.-bu /^>r^<?>l' i.v. To open out, ex- 
pand (of clothing). 

Hatacbi 7\ ji f- j=. -^ St Twenty years old. 

Hatax r\st '^ "Si + 1 Twenty-fold. 

HATA-aASBXBA ^s if ifl^'^ ^SJ n. The chief 
or most powerful of the dsimyd was so called. 

Hataoo j\5t zf ULC n. Stopping to rest and 
lunch while traveling; the fare charged for 
lodging: hiru-hatago^ stopping to lunch at 
noon ; hatago wa yasui, the fare is cheap ; — 
wa tfttrra, how mueh is the fare ? 

Syn. TADOBZ, TOKABX. 

IHataoo ^\ jT :f n. A basket for carrying 

provisions in while on a journey. 
Hataoota ^NjTif-Y^lifin. An inn, 

hotel. 

Syn. TADOTA, BTOTBN, BTO-KWAK, BVOBHIXn. 

Hata-hata ^\St ^^9 il^0^ik, II grasshopper. 
Hata-bxbo J^jt \irt :($ S. n. Seven fathoms, 

=28 feet, 
f Hata-ita j\fiJ(Stx\. A board fence. 
Hatajibit8RX ^\ M 1^ ^' ^ iSH^^n, A flag; 

ensign. 
Hatakabi,-bt7 /% 3r tr a. See liadakari. 
Hatakb ^\Sir ^n. A field; vegetable gar- 



den : imO'hatake, a potato field ; hana hatake^ 

a flower garden. 
fHATAXx ^^ ir >> Jp) n. A brush for cleaning 

horses. 
Hataxx ^\St it ^ n. A scaly disease of skin, 

pityriasis (?). 
Hataxx,-bu J'^firf^ See hadake, 
Hataxs-gaba ^^Jt irif-f f^^ n. A kind of 

skin disease. 
Hataki >\ ir ^ n. A paper duster. 

Syn. saihai. 
Hataxi,-ku ^Nir ^ t.v. (coll.) To beat; to strike; 

to dust: gomi wo — , to beat out the dust; 

tatami wo — , to beat a mat, to clean it. 
Syn. TATAXu, UTsn. 
Hata-mata f^St^St jf^5L conj. A word used 

in letters when commencing another subject, 

=again, moreover, or. 

Syn. XATSU-MATA. 

Hatabbxi^-ku >^ ir ji ^ 1^ i.v. To thunder; to 
make a loud noise, as thunder : rat ga hatanuku 
watarUf the thunder rolls. 

Syn. MABU, BIBIKU, TODOBOXU. 

Hata-mochi jyjf ^f- n. Standard-bearer. 

Hatamoto ^n j» * > ^ -f n. A feudatory or 
vassal of the thdgun. 

Hata-obx ^\ ir i* 9 ^ JH^ n. A weaver : — &a, 
a place for weaving ; a factory. 

Hata-obxmb ^\Jty 9 jt ^jf n A female 
weaver,=Aato-ort-orma. 

Hatabaxasbi,-8U jyfi^HfX ^ft (caust. of 
hataraki) To xnake to work ; set to work ; to 
employ ; to conjugate : kokoro wo — . 

Hatabaki jyfi^J^ jfj^ D. Action ; movement ; 
working ; operation ; deed ; function ; conjuga- 
tion: — no aru hito, a clever, intelligent 
person ; sode ga nagakute te no Jiataraki ga 
warui, the sleeve is long and impedes the mo- 
tion of the arm. 

Hatabaki,-xu >'^ i» 9 ^ flS t.v. To work ; to la- 
bor; to do; commit; to move; to act, perform, 
exert one*s self : kagyo wo — , to work at one's 
business ; nogyd wo — , to work at fuming ; 
motto hataraki nasate (to a merchant), please 
try if you cannot sell it cheaper ; yoku hataraite 
ikura, what is the lowest you can sell it at ? 
hitottu hataraite mimaahO, I will tiy and see 
what I can do ; buma wo — , to commit a 
blunder : yoku — , to do one's best. 

Hatabaxi-xotoba .tn jT 9 41 n > ^^ I^ I^ n A 
verb. 
Syn. nasBi, toobb. 

Hatabi,-bu j\Stn^ t.v. To demand payment ; 
to dun ; kane wo hataruy to demand the pay- 
ment of money ; miMhin wo — , to ask for the 
payment of a debt ; waruku — , to dun im- 
moderately. 
Syn. BAisoxn subu, sxbbbu. 

Hata-basaox jsSt^'^if n. Gram ; a kind of 
bean. 

Hatasaxu f\»^ 9 ^ -f^ n. (coll.) The pro- 
ducts of the farm ; the crop, especially of 
the uplands : hotmthi no — , this year's crop. 

Hatababbi 'f^St'f l^^^n. A standard bearer ; 
color-sergeant. 



HAT 



142 



HAT 



Hatishi >»> ir s^ ^ i£ n. A maker of flags or 
ensigDS. 

Hatashi,-su jyJtTf, ^ t.v. To finish ; to end ; 
complete; fulfill; perform ; go throngh; achieve; 
accomplish : gwan wo — , to fulfill a vow ; ntnrai 
no kokorogake ai-katashi mdthi tord, I have 
performed what I have been for some years 
intendiug to do. 

Syn. 8UMA8U, OWJLBU, TOOBBU. 

Hatashi-ai >»\>f j^T b n. A duel. 

Hatashi-ai.-au J^Stl^th ^ -^ t-v. To finish 
or kill each other, as in a duel. 

Hatashitb -»> >f 5^ T ^ adv. Precisely; just ; it 
came to pass ; it resulted ; it turned out : — 
iu tdri ni natto, it turned out just as I said ; 

— ohothi-methi no tdri, it resulted just as you 
thought. 

Hatataoaui ^"^St ^ if % IS M ^- ^ ^^^V o' 
thunder and lightning. 

Syn. KAMDACHT. 

Hatataei J^Si St ^ £^' ^ T^' Clapping the 
wings : niwatori — iro shite toki too Uukuru, 
the cock claps his wings and crows. 

jHatate y> if f- n. Border ; confine ; boundary ; 
limit ; the fins of a fish ; a weaver. 

Hata-to ^> if h lift adv. The sound of clapping 
the hands, or of a sudden blow ; ezclam. of 
surprise ; really I ima tara kayo ni on kotowari 
kudasarete wa — tdwaku Uukamatsuri soro, 
owing to your having made known your 
refusal at this late moment, I am really put to 
great inconvenience ; — te wo utsut striking 
the hands together, as in some strong emo- 
tion ; — wasuretat there ! I forgot all about it. 

Syn. TONTO, HASSHI-TO. 

fHATATsu-MONO ^"^ Ht V ^ } u. Froduce of the 

field. 
Batata ^> ^ -y u. A weaving room ; i.q. luxia- 

dono. 
Hatazao ^> ^ f^ 7 :^ i|^ n. A flag-stafif. 
Hate ^n-^ n. A frame on which sheaves of 

grain are hung to diy. 
Hate /\ T Ezclam. of surprise, or perplexity : 

— komatta mono da nS. 

Hate ^^n 7* ^ n. The end, termination ; result ; 
conclusion ; extremity : michi no — , end of a 
road; — wa do naru ka skirenai, I don't 
know what the result may be; — fiaihi, 
without end; — wo omoi-yaru^ to consider 
the end. Syn. owabi, shim ai. 

HATB,-Bn j\T ^ % !•▼• To end, terminate, 
conclude ; to be completed, finished ; to die : 
hi wa kure-hateta, the sun is set ; hyonin ga 
hatetOj sick man is dead ; tsuki-hateta, entirely 
used up ; fune ga minato ni — , the ship stops 
in the harbor. 
Syn. owABu, bhimau. 

Hate-hate-wa j^T'^^T'^"^ a^T- In the end; 
finally : Uukai Uuktuhite — kojiki ni naru, 

Syn. TSUHABI, OWABI NI. 

Hateshi ^^T^ >v The end, termination, 
conclusion, limit : — ga nat, no end, no limit. 
Syn. KAoiBi. 

Hato ^n h ^ Dr A dove, pigeon : yamabato, 
a wild-pigeon* 



Hato j^jt'fy '^^ {nami) u. The waves : ban 
ri no luitd wo koette ilcurii, to come across the 
wide ocean. 

Hatoba J\y ^< ^ 19 n. A pier, wbarf ; a 
landing. 

Hatofuki j\Yy ^ n, A call or noise made ia 
imitation of a pigeon, or an instrument used 
for the same purpose. 

Hatouxjse j\\* 2^^ iiS M °' Chicken-breast. 

+HATOBI J\Y ^) n, A weaver. 

JHatsu ^n 7 n. A cistern or tank for holding 

water in ships. 
•Hatsu J^y ^ n, A numeral used in count' 
iug the discharge of guns: ippaUiti one dis- 
charge, or one gun ; ni hatsu wo lianatsUt to 
fire two guns. 

Hatbu J^y ^ The first ; the beginning : o me 
ni kakani wa konnichi Jiatsu da, to-day ia 
the first of my seeing you ; liaUu-haru, the 
beginning of spring ; hatsu dori^ the first crow- 
mg of a cock' on the new year ; hattu gori, 
hatsU'Skimo, hatsu-yiiki, the first ice, frost, or 
snow, of the season ; hatsu-mono, the first 
things of the season, first-fruits ; hatsu-yamat 
first visit to a sacred mountain. 

Hatsu, or Hatbubu /n y Same as hateru. 

Hatsu-an y^yf^^^n. A proposition ; a 
motion (in an assembly). 
Syn. Ddoi. 

Hatsubai ^>y /"^^f g)t n. The selling, sale: 

— wo kinMuru, to forbid the sale. 

Hatsdbo j\ y '^^ ^ ^V& u* A blistering plaster : 

— wo liaru, to apply a blister. 

Hatsuda J^y it ^% Publishing (a book, 
newspaper) : — sura, to publish. 

Hatsddatsu ^^y ffy ^ a|[ — suru^ to improve; 
to become expert or skillful : kenjutsu ni — , im- 
prove in fencing ; gaktimon ni — . 

Syn. BHODATSU BUBU, JOZU NX NABU. 

-^EUtbue y> 7 -31 n. Young shoot ; twig ; top- 
most branch. Syn. hotbub. 

Hatbugi ^> 7 4^ S si a* a motion made in 
an assembly. 

Hatsuoo j^y zt n. The firstlings of animals. 

Hatsu-hatbu ^\yj\y adv. Obscurely ; indis- 
tinctly, or dimly, on account of being far off; 
seldom ; rarely : — ni miyuru; — ni an. 

Syn. EABUKA, MABE. 

Hatsu-iku jsy jf ^ ^ ff (sodachi) n. Grovrth ; 

development. 
Hatsu JIN J\y ^i/ S ($ {dem) Going oat on 

a journey (of a high official). 
Hatsuea j^ y ft j:^ -I- ig Twentieth day of 

the month ; twenty days. 

HATSUKA-NEZUto ''^ y ft ^ */ \ 9h iSi TU A 

mouse. 
IHatbuea mi ^\y fj =:. adv. Same as hasuka 

nit or wazuka ni. 
Hatbuei ^> :y % n. A pole upon which clothes 

are hung to dry ; the horns projecting from 

some species of marine shells 
IHatsuki J^y ^ n. Anciently femw&e attei>d- 

ants in the court of the Tenshu 
f Hatsuki ^^ 7 4" n* Tattooing the hands ita 

practiced by the women of LiuchlcO* 



HAT 



148 



HAY 



Hatsdeo /\9 zs n. Bemote posterity. 

Syn. SUE, 8HIS0X. 
fiirsuuEi /^ 9 > >f ^ B^ n. Intelligent ; in- 
genioas ; clever ; irn invention : — na viono, 
an intelligent person ; — sttrUf to invent, dis- 
cover; ihin — , a new invention ; — fii/i, in- 
ventor. 
Syn. j^sHiKor, bix5. 

HlrSUMEIBASHn.-KI-KU jsy ^ ^ J ^^ SW 

1^ (coll.) Having an intelligent look : — gan- 
shokut intelligent looking coantenance. 
HirsTNARi -»\ 3r •^ i; n. The first fruits (of 

trees, etc.). 
Hatsu-hetsu ^'s y ^ y S 3t!t n. Sick with 

/ever ; — «iiru, to have a fever. 
Hatsuo j^y y 5K ^ i*^* l^otsuo, 
Hatsuo, or Hatsu-ho ^^yjit ife f| n. The first 
froits o£Fered to the gods; applied also to 
small offerings of money or first of anything, 
as first cnp of tea, or rice : — too agerut to 
of er np the first of anything. 
Hjltsu-os ^^y t i^ S is "• Pronunciation ; 

enunciation ; articulation. 
HiTSUBAN ^sy ^ i>^ Wtfi {midare vfo shizu- 
mem) Putting down rehellion ; quelling insur- 
rection. 
tHArsrBE,-Ru /\y uA' i.v. Same as /iof«i(r^t<. 
HiTsuBEN >N 5^ u V Sf 3C Going out on a 

journey (only of the Emperor). 
BiT8i7Bi,-BU ^\y fi^ Tg^ t.v. To hew ; cut with 
a broad-axe or adze ; to chip off ; clip off ; hi 
wo — , to hew timber. 
Syn. HEZUBU. 
Hatsctakb ^^y Jf y ^^ jol. A kind of edible 

mushroom. 
Hatsc-cma >^ 5^ i> -r n. The first horse-day of 
the second month, when InaH is worshipped 
in order to protect against fire. 
Hatsutubi ^^y a. ^) n. Fritilaria thunberjia. 
Hattanoaes ^>yjt^ifir A^^ n. Apiece 
of cloth containing enough for eight suits of 
clothing. 
Hattabi ^>y St ^ n. (coll.) An artifice or trick 
used to make a suspected person confess the 
truth : — wo kakeru. 
Syn. KAMA. 
Hattatsd ^\y St y i.q. Jiatsudatsn, 
Eatto j\y v ^ j£ (tahidachi) Going out on 

a Journey (of common people). 
Hatto ^'syy '^^ n. Law; ordinance; a 
prohibition : — wo tateru, to pass a law ; — 
vo somuku, to disobey a law ; — wo yameru^ 
to annul a law; — wo okatu^ to offend 
against the laws ; — wo yaburu, to break a 
law ; go'hatto da, it is contrary to law ; — no 
thomoUUj a prohibited book. 
Syn. oKiTB. 
ELatto >'^ 7 > adv. Same as Jiatato. 
HAIT8USX ^\y y ir Same as haritsuke, 
Ha-uchi,-tbtj ^sf;y t.v. To flap the wing8,= 

habataki sum, 
Ha-uchiwa j\tfi'j\ ^jg n. A feather-fan. 
Hau-hait ^^yj\y adv. In a creeping man- 
ner ; slowly and laboriously : toshiyori — saka 
wo noboru. 



Ha-uta yM> jr ^^ n. A kind of popular 
song. 

Hawa ^>y n. Mother (used mostly in the 
drama) ; i.q. haha : — sama, id. 

Hawake ^\V^ %i^ n. Branch; school; de- 
partment; sect. 

Hawake jsvir {f]|| ^ n. Each separate leaf t 

— no ttuki ni nureru tode, his sleeves are 
wet* by the moon from the leaves (reflected 
from the dew-drops on the leaves). 

HawA8HI,-8U >\ V "^ *^ 3 (caust. of hat) To 

make to creep or crawl : ko wo — , to make a 

child creep. 
Hata -''^•V J8 S» °- A kind of small river fish. 
Haya ^\ "Y JfL adv. Already ; (with a neg.) no 

longer : ima wa liaya nogaruru michi nathi, 

there is now no way of escape ; liaya itte 

shimatUi, he has already gone ; haya kita ka, 

has he already come ? liaya dekita, is it already 

done? 
IHata /N-v .^H n. An express; a postman; a 

courier : — gti kita, au express has come. 
Haya y\ -y ^ Fast ; quick ; swift ; soon ; early 

(used mostly in cum p. words). 
Hata-ashi -'n-v r S^ ¥■ S. "• Swift-footed. 
Hayabaya-to yNlr/>-Y b adv. Quickly; sooni 

early. 
Hayabikyaku -'n "V b* * -V ^ ^ fj^ 1^ n. An 

express post. 
+HATACHI ^y-yf- n. i.q. hayate. 
tHAYACHi y\ -Y f- n. A violent tempest or 

storm of wind. Syn. hayate. 
Hayadayobi ^n -v ^ 3 !^ ^^ u. Quick mode 

of communication ; quick or early opportunity. 
Hayafune ''^•V^-?' ?• JK n. A fast boat; a 

clipper ship. 
Haya-fdsa, or Hayabusa >'>-V7"9' Hi n. A 

species of falcon. 
Hayaoaki ^^-yif^ ^ # n. Fast writing : — ni 

kaku, to write fast. 
Hayagane -f^-^if^ ]?^g| n. An alarm bell; 

fire-bell. 
Hayago ^N-VzfiylS^l^n. A cartridge. 
Hayai,-ki-shi >'n-V.'{ ?• adj. Fast; quick; 

swift ; early ; soon ; already : ano fune ga 

fiayaiy that ship is swift ; ki ga Jiayai, to be 

quick-witted or tempered, of quick perception ; 

hayaki koto ya no gotoku, as swift as an arrow ; 

thiaoto ga hayai, quick at working ; mimi ga 

— ,'quick to hear ; doehira ga kayai, which are 

the earliest or fastest ? 
Haya-ito >»>-V-f > 3Br$i!ft n. The band or 

cord of a wheel. 
Hayakawa ^n-V^-*^ n. A swift river; rapid 

stream. 
Hayakbki,-ku-8hi ^x -Y ^ 4» adj. Clear ; bright 

(as of moon or sky). 
Hayaku or Hayo ^n -Y ^ ^ adv. Same as hayai i 

— ftiru, to do quickly; asa — okirUt to rise 
early in the morning ; ttuki hi wa — tatsu^ the 
time passes swiftly; — koi^ oome quickly; 

— iebOf to speak in a few words ; hayaku wa* 
karu yd ni, in order that you may easily un- 
derstand. 

Syn. JIKI-Z7I, €UaU-KI, SASBOKU, SUAOTAXA-Nb 



HAY 



144 



HAZ 



Hatakusi ''n -V ^ "9* -n* # n. A kind of skin 
disease. 

Hativa ^n -V -^ n. A little mountain ; foot- 
hill. 
Syn. soTAMA. 

flATAMAia,-iiu ->N -v '^ >^ ?■ i.v. To be quick, or 
fast; to be haittjr, rash, precipitate: hayanuU- 
ta koto wo thita^ have done a hasty thing. 

Hatamb >>Nir Jf fit tt ^' Hastening parturi- 
tion: — 110 kuturi, medicines which hasten 
labor; — no gofu, a charm swallowed to 
hasten labor. 

Hatahe,-bu j\-^ ji A' ^ ?. t.v. To hasten, 
quicken, accelerate; to urge on; to hurry, 
precipitate : ashi wo hayainete aruku, to walk 
faster ; toki wo hayameU kane wo Uuku, to be 
in a hurry to ring the bell ; wna wo — , to urge 
on a horse. 

Hayahichi yN it 5 f* JI is n. A near way. 
Syn. chikamichi. 

Hatamawa ^>'Y-^y'^ Sftffi ^* ^ ^^^ carried 
by policemen to bind criminals with. 

Syn. TOBIKAWA. 

Haya-o j\ -^ y }^ 1} n. The rope used in 
sculling a boat ; the band of a wheel. 

Hayaokb j\-^yir ^^ n. A ready made tub 
in which paupers are buried ; a coffin. 

Hayaokz y^-yt^ ?«3^ n. Early rising. 

Hayabasa yN-V^j^ adj. Swift; rapid; fast. 

Syn. BUMIYAKA. 

Hayaba8S,-bu 7n -y 9 -ti ** ^ ^ ff (caust. of 
Tiayart) To make popular, fabhionable, or 
prevalent. 

Hayabi,-bu '»^■V>^ SlL^f i-^« To be prevalent, 
popular, fashionable ; to be in general favor ; 
(at), ardent; impetuous; eager; vehement: 
Juuhika ga — , the measles are prevalent ; goro 
ga — , camlets are fashionable ; ki no iiayaru 
mono, a person of a quick and impetuous 
temper; kayari-yamai, a prevalent disease, 
epidemic; iutyari-kami^ a popular god; 7m- 
yari-kotoba, a popular word ; — gokoro, hasty, 
impetuous temper. 
Syn. byOko subu. 

Hayabixa >»h -Y 9 a adj. impetuous ; hasty ; 
rash : — nartt wakaudo, 
Syn. sbikyO nabu. 

Hayabqxx >'^ -Y 9 > u> Epidemic ophthalmia. 

Hayabi-o ^n -Y V 7 3^ ift n* An impetuous, 
daring, heroic person : — no tsmoawofio. 

Hayasa ^-YI^ ^ u* Quickness; swiftness; 
earliness ; celerity. 

Hayasaicb yN -y 1^ ^ n. A pouring rain ; swiftly 
falling shower. 

EAYA8E ^>Yic ^ ^ n. A swift current; 
rapids. 

Hayashi y> y s^ # n. A wood, forest. 

Hayashi v\-ys.^ ii^ D* (coll.) A band of 
music ; an orchestra : — mono, musical in- 
struments; — wo surUf to make music; — 
katay musicians. 

flAYA8Hi,-BU ^NYX ^^ t.v. To play on 
musical instruments; to praise, flatter, ap- 
plaud: uta wo Jtayasu, to assist a person 
tinging, with an instrnment or chorus. 



HAYA8Hi,-Bn ^>-Y:^ ^ £ t.v. To let ormaks 
to grow lon^; to grow: kigs wo hayathiU 
ikoku no mane wo twru, to let the beard grow 
in imitation of foreigners ; ki wo — , to grow 
trees. 

Hayashx,-6U y>-Y^ W t.v. To onv, chop; to 
slice : mochi wo — ; daikon wo — , to slice a 
radish. 

Syn. KizAtfu. 

Haya8hi-tatb,*bu J^'^l^StT^ &iL t-^* («>U.) 
To play on musical instruments; to make 
music ; to rouse up, excite ; to applaud. 

Syn. ODATEBU. 

Hayate >n Y T 4t H n- A tempest, gale, storm 
of wind. 
Syn. ABASHi. 

IHayato >\-Y h 4^ A n- The Imperial guard: 
— no sho, the'captain of the guard. 

IHaya-uchi >r^ -y ^ f* 3^^ &• An express; swift 
messenger. 

Hayauchi-sata ^^ "Y ^ f- * i^ n. The name of 
a disease characterized by hardening or swell- 
ing of the skin over the Moulders, relieved by 
incisions, supposed to be caused by angina 
pectoris; i.q. kempeki, 

Haya-uma, or Hayamma ^n-y ^ ^ n. Spurring 
or urging on the horse : shUha ga — nite kant. 

Haya-uso yN -Y ^ V An unpremeditated false, 
hood ; a slip of the tongue ; a white lie, fib. 

Haya-uta J^-^t^s n. A short Bong; a dittj 
sung fast. 

Haya-wakabi ^n Y 7 * 9 n- Easy to under- 
stand; quick to apprehend: — sum yo ni 
uba, 

Haya-waza j\^V^ ?L Jf n. Sleight of hand 
tricks ; adroitness ; dexterity : — wo sum, to 
perform sleight of hand tricks, or leger- 
demain : — vn hitOf an adroit person. 

Hayo '^^-Y^ ^ (same as Aaj/aitu). O Aayd 
gozarimasu, you are early (this is contracted 
to o hayd)=igood. morning. 

fHAYCUA j\aL^ n. Horses kept at post-sta 
tions for travelers : — zukai, a swift courier. 
Syn. BKiBA. 

Hayumaji yNOL^f-* n. A post-road; highway. 

Syn. UlIAYAJI, EKIBO. 

Hayubu /\=t.A* Same as haeru, 

Hazama ^>^ ^ ififA ^' Port-holes; embrasures', 
space or interval between (oba.) : thiro no ~, 
embrasures in a castle. 
Syn. H5M0N. 

Haze ^\-tf :^>^, n. The name of a fish, the 
gudgeon, Gobius virgo. 

Haze j^ -tf n. Bice bursted by roasting; 
parched rice. 

Haze.-bu ^^•^A' i.v. To burst open*, as a 
fruit, or as parched com. 
Syn. yebibu. 

Hazu ''> ^ ^ s. n. Groton seeds : — no 
abura, croton oil. 

Hazu >>> ^ n. The notch in the arrow in which 
the bowstring fits ; (coll.) obligation ; neces- 
sity ; that which is proper ; should ; ought ; 
agreement ; engagement : ya-haiu^ tfie noti^ 
of an arrow ; kuru haxu, should oome, or is 



HAZ 



U5 



EEC 



expected to oome ; suru hatu no mono, a thing 
that should be done ; t5 sunt hazu ga nait 
not obliged to do so; hazu ga chigdta, the 
engagement or previons arrangement was 
deviated from ; to yU hazu ga naif there is no 
such neceaiity. 

Sjn. DORI, BEU« BUJI. 

flizu-HAzn j\:r/^*f ;]n^ adv. (coll.) Very 
little ; only a little ; nearly ; almost : — ni kirn, 
to cut the border of anything very thin. 

HAznxASHioARi,-BU y> 5^ * »• ^ ^ i.v. To be 
bashful, shy, modest, diffident, sheepish : mti- 
snme ga hazukaahigarite sekimen suru^ the 
girl is bashful and blaslies. 

Hazckabhu.-ki-ktj-shi j\*/ -93 l^ ^ ftt adj. 
Ashamed ; abashed ; mortified : hazukashii 
kotOf a matter to be ashamed of; hazukashiku 
omoM, to feel ashamed. 

Syn. XEMBOKUKAI. 

Hazukashims ^^ ^ ^ 5^ > n. Insult; shame; 
disgrace. 

Hazukashime.-ru ^y^fjl^jtA' 2^ t.v. To 
make ashamed ; cause shame ; to insult, dis- 
grace, dishonor, abash. 

Hazveashisa j\*ffji^-^ n. The shame, dis- 
grace, dishonor. 

Hazuki >Ny4» A ^ (Jiachi gtoatsu) n. The 
eighth month. 

Hazukuboi ^s*f ^ v h n. Dressing the feath- 
ers (like a fowl) : — suru, 

Hazuxi j'^y I n. Spring ; bound ; recoil; re- 
bound ; reaction ; impulse ; jerk ; bounce : tep- 
po wo hancuu — ni korohu^ to fall by the recoil 
of the gun ; — ni tohUf to jump with a spring; 
do yU — de taore-nazaretaro, how did you 
happen to fall? tachi-agaru — ni aahi wo 
fumi'suberazhite aomuke zama ni taoretay in 
rising up, my foot slipped, and I fell on my 
back. 

HAzaMi,-MU ^'^^A i.v. To rebound, bounce, 
recoil, react, spring : iki ga — , to catch the 
breuth; kono mari wa yoku — , this ball 
bounces well. 

Hazcna ->n 5^ •^ tf ^ n. A halter or rope 

passed through the nose of an ox. 
Hazvrakuwa -f^^^ ^ *'^^ adv. 1 am ashamed 

that. 
Hazttbe v\ ^ u ^ n. The end of a street ; out- 
skirts or suburbs of a town: michi no — ; 
»huku no — ; mara no — ni SMmu, to live in 
the outskirts of the village. 
Syn. TSCMARI, owabi, hashi. 
Hazube. -bu j\^ x^A' j^ i.v. To be out of the 
place in which it fits ; to be unfastened, unfixed, 
dislocated, disjoined, unshipped, separated; 
to fail to hit ; to miss, mistake, err, or deviate 
from ; differ from ; to fail ; not to succeed : 
•h^i ga — , the screen has slipped out of the 
groove 'j to ga — , the door is unhinged ; ine ga 
— , the rice crop has failed ; zhibai ga liazureta, 
the theatre has been a failure ; michi ni — , to 
mis8 the way ; mato ni ya ga — , the arrow 
h«s missed the mark; Jiatto ni — , not to i 
observe the law. I 

RkTjUV j^^ j^ fi^ See haji. \ 

19 



HAZirBHi,-8U -*> ^ 3^ ^ t.v. To undo ; take out 

' of the place in which it fits; to unfasten, 
unfix, disconnect, unship; to avoid; to miss; 
to dispense with, depart from, lay aside: 
zhqji wo — , to take a screen out of its groove; 
to wo — , to unhinge a door ; toki wo — , to 
miss the time ; hito wo — , to avoid a peraon, 
slip out of his way; yumi no tsuru wo — , to 
unbend a bow ; mato wo — , to miss the mark ; 
reizhiki wo — , to dispense with form and 
ceremony. 

Hb ^ ij^ n. Breaking wind : — wo him, to 
break wind. 

He ^ J[ n. See y^, generally pronounced 
ye or t-. 

tHB -^ J^ (hime) n. A lady. 

■(•Hb ^ :;Jr (same as be : used mostly in comp. 
words) n. Side; place; by. 

fHE 'N ^ n. Population; dwelling-houses. 

4Hb -X ^ n. a juR. 

Hb,-bu ^A' it3L or jg[ t.v. To pass; to spend 
time ; to live through ; to pass from one place 
to another, move along, pass by : yo, tozhi, 
tstiki^ hi, toki nadowo heru; michi wo — , to 
pass along the several stages of a road ; Kana- 
gawa wo hete Tokyo ye yuku, passing through 
Eanagawa to go to Tokyo ; ito wo heru, to 
arrange yarn for the loom ; dandan yakti wo 
Jifte agaru, to be gradually promoted from one 
official grade to another. 

Syn. FUBU, TORU, suoiru, kosu. 

He-aoari,-ru ^7 if A' iiS Ji i.v. To pass from 
a lower rank or condition to a higher ; to rise, 
advance : karxii yaku kara omoi yaku ye JiZ' 
agaruj to advance from an inferior to a more 
important office. 

HEBARi-T8un,-Ku ^j< T) y ^ 16^ !•▼. (coU.) 
To stick, adhere : uruzhi ga hebaritzuite hana- 
renai, the varnish sticks and it can't be 
separated ; uchi ni bakari hebaritzuite im hito 
da, a person who does nothing but stay in the 
house. 

Hebi '^ tf ^ n. A snake, serpent ; — no 
tiroko, the scales of a snake ; — no nukegara^ 
the cast-off skin of a snake ; — ni kui-tzuke- 
reru, to be bitten by a snake. 

Syn. JA, XUCHIMAWA. 

Hebi-ichioo ^if>ff-:fife4fn. A tasteless 

kind of strawberiy ; Fragaria indica. 
HBBI-N0B03AZU ^b'/'jJ^^^fn. A specics of 

barberry, Barberis vulgaris. 
Hebi-no-daihachi ^tf^^>f^Nf-n. A species 

of arisosma. 
tHEBiTO ^\£ h p A, n. Population. 
Hebi-tbukai ^b*5»*b #*fe5tfn. A 

serpent-charmer ; one that plays with 

snakes. 
Hebo ^ i}f adj. (coll.) Unskillful; bungling; 

awkward: — daikn; — zhogi, unskillful 

chess-player. 
Syn. HETA. 
Hechamokube ^ f-ir ^ ^ ^ n. (coll.) A rascal, 

wretch. 
Hechima ^f*^ mff^ XI* The snake gconV 

Luffa petola. 



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146 



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HscHi wo MAKURU ^ ^ "9 ^ ^ ^ (coll.) Gon- 
fnsed ; bewildered ; disoonoerted : ii-JiomerareU 
hechi vnoinakuru, 

Heda-heoa '-^- ^ ^ ^ ]ffi fK ad j . Separated ; dis- 
tant; not friendly: — ni naru^ to beoome 
e8tranf:[ed. 

Hedatari ^it9 ^) n. Distance; apart; sepa- 
ration : 8ono — soju rU it is fifty miles off. 

Hedatabi,'RU '^jf 9 A'Wi i*v> To be separated, 
apart, asunder, distant, reserved: roku ri 
hodo hedatatte oru, they are six miles apart ; 
oya no naka ga hedataru^ the parent and 
child are distant, or indifferent, to one an- 
other. 

Syn. HANARERU. 

Hedate ^^-7* fjg n. A partition, distinction, 
separation, difference, reserve, restraint: — 
ga am ; — wo sum, to make a partition, make 
a distinction ; — no nai koto, no difference ; 
nan nyo no — wa nai, no difference between 
male and female. 

Hedate, -RD ^ ft T ^ f§ t.v. To leave, 
separate from, part from ; to interpose, place 
between ; separated by ; severed ; away from ; 
apart ; absent from : ie wo Jiedatete tabi ni oru, 
he has left home on a joarncy ; Amerika to 
Nippon to umi wo hedatete oru, America and 
Japan are separated by the ocean ; yama loo 
Jiedateru, to be separated by a mountain ; he- 
date gokoro, estranged, aUenated; hedateru 
kokoro wa nashi, frank, open, without reserve ; 
to make no distinction; kutsu wo hedatete 
kaku ga gotoshi (prov.), like scratching the 
foot when the shoe is on. 

Syn. HANARERU, BET8UNI SURU, T5zAKABU. 

Hedatsubu ^^y a^ Same as hedatem. 

Hedo ^ I? ?t ^ n. Eructation of food : — wo 
Jiaku, to eject food from the stomach ; hedo 
wo tsnkiif id. 

Hedomodo 'n 1? qe t? (coll.) — turn, to be con- 
fused, bewildered ; to stand, not knowing 
what to do ; to be in a quandary. 

Syn. MAOOTBUKU. 

+HEPDDA ^y^ n. Census-book; i.q. kote- 
kiho. 

-f Hefum IDA, or Hepomda ^7 \ jf n. Census- 
book ; register of the population. 
Syn. EosEKi. 

Hega8hi,-su 'n^'x ^4t>] (caust. of hegn) To 
tear off, strip, or peel off : kara-kami wo hega- 
shite hari'kaem, tear off the wall-paper and 
put on new. 

Heoe,-ru -X y a^ i.v. To be stripped off, peeled 
off : ki no kawa ga hegeta, the bark is stripped 
off. 

Heoi ^ ^ n. A strip of wood split off : hegibon, 
a kind of tray made of strips of bamboo; 
iiJioga hito ht'ji, one slice of ginger. 

Hegi,-gu ^ f ^] t.v. To strip off, peel off, 
split off : ki no kawa wo — , to peel off the 
bark of a tree; yane-ita wo — , to split 
shingles. 

Syn. HAOI, MUKU, meeubu. 

Hki ^ >f Exclam. used in answering, same as 
/iat, yes. 



Hbi ^ ^ J9^ n. A fence, wall : dobeit z. mnd 

wall ; itabei, a board fence : iihibH, a stone 

fence; furibei, a fence made of bricks and 

mortar. 
Hex ^^ e^ (used only in comp. words) n. 

Even ; level ; plain ; common ; ordiuazy ; 

usual; peaceful; tranquil: tai?i£i ^^ 

long peace. 
Hei ^ >{ ^ n. A present ; the cut paper sas- 

pended iu a miya to represent the knmi; 

coin ; money : kica — , coin ; ski — , paper 

money. 
Hex ^^ ^ n, A soldier ; an army : — 100 

okostt, to raise an army ; to begin a war ; -> 

wo nerut to drill soldiers. 
Syn. TsnwAHOMO. 
Hex ^^ j^ — sura, to invite, or call; to 

engage (as a teacher, pastor): ken-jin wo 

— iuru, to invite wise men (to court); — ni 
oturu, to accept a call. 

Hex ^^ ^ Vile; abject; mean (used in 
speaking humbly of one's self,=my, our) : — 
taku, my (mean) house ; — kokti, my country; 

— ten, my shop ; — oku, my humble cottage. 
Hex 'n >f ^ (one of the jikkan) The third in 

enumeration, as ko, otsu, ftei, tei, bo, ki, ko, 

shin, jin, ki, 
Heian -v>f 7 i/' <js. j^ n. Peace, tranquillity; 

freedom from sickness, calamity or trouble, 
Syn. BDJi. 
Heianjo -^>frv3?'Vi5r^i|r*^ n. Th« 

castle or city of peace, i.e. the city in which 

the Mikado resides. 
Hexba ^ ^ /< ^,% (ikusa) n. War. — no 

nan wo heru, to pass through the dangers of 

war. 
Heibi ^ >f b' ^% {ikusa no tonae) Warlike 

preparation. 
Heichi ^>f f* *JS.^ (tairaka na tsuc7ii) Level 

ground or country ; a plain. 
Heicho '^^ f'-Y'^ B^lft — snru, to close the 

curtain, i.e. conceal or veil an idol from the 

sight of the public. 
Heida ^^ ^ h. A bamboo withe, or strip. 
Heidan -. >{ y V ^J IS n. Fruit-cake. 
Hexdon *x ^ iT V ^ ^ {awase nomu) — sttrv, 

to devour, swallow up; to subjugate, conquer: 

tenka wa — , to subjugate the whole empire. 
HeipO -n >{ 7 tJf ^^M (ashiki narawashi) Bad, 

vicious, evil or corrupt customs : — wo tadatu^ 

to reform — . 
Heifueu -^^ y ^ ^ 9ft (tsune no kimofio) n 

Common, usual, or every-day clothes (not a 

dress of ceremony). 
Heifueu ^'i y ^ ^V\ (coll.) Obei&ance : — 

sum, to bow low ; to prostrate one^s self. 
Heiho -^ >f yM> ^ -^ n. Military tactics. 

Syn. EYOHo. 
Heigai ^^if a g(t ¥ (ashiki koto) Vice ; bad, 

or vicious pmctice or habit : yo no — tro nozoku, 
Heigaku -^ >{ *• ^ ^^ ip n. Military science. 
Heigakdryo ^>f ij ^ ^f; ^^^ u.. Military 

school. 
Heioen ^-fyj^^js.^, n. A flat, level plain ; 

prairie, steppe. 



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147 



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Heigwa ^^ fv 2p. g^ (ooll.) — »iirtt. to rest ; 
to lie down : ie ni — Mte oru, to live free from 
care. 
Heiho ^ ^ ^n i> ^"^ (mat.) The sqaai-e of a 
namber ; a sqaare : — koiij square-root ; — ni 
Mraku, to extract the square-root; go sun 
— , five inches square ; ni — sun, two square 
iuehes. 
Hw-i '^-{^ ¥-1? {taimka) Level; plain; 
simple, plain, or easily understood: — no 
miehi; — no bunsho, 
iHsiJi '> -4 p ^ ^ n. A pitcher, bottle. 

Syn. TuxKURi, bin. 
Heiji -^ >f f-' 2J5. J-^ (Xairage otameru) — sxtru, 
to quell, subdue ; to tranquilize; to quiet : tenka 
— , to quiet and restore peace to the empire ; 
ran vo — , to quell a riot. 
Heiji '^ ^ s? ^ ^ {tsune) n« Time of 
peace; ordinary times: — ni ikwta no sonae 
wo nasu, in time of peace prepare for war. 
Heijttsu -^ ^ i^y ^ VI Common ; usual ; or- 
dinary; customary; habitual; every-day; 
always; constantly': — no kimono, every-day 
clothes ; — to wa chigau, different from what 
is usual ; — no tori ni, in the usual manner 
Syn. ruDAN, tsune-zume. 
EeuO -^ >f s? -V ij' ^f- "ffir (tsune-zune) Habit- 
ually ; constantly ; common ; ordinary : — no 
koto, an ordinary affair. 
Syn. HEizEi. 
Heijo-shiei ^-f5;^i>S^4» W^^ »• Clos- 
ing ceremony. 
Heika ^Jffj 1$ 'F Q. The title used in ad- 
dressing the Emperor, His Majesty. 
Heikan '^ ^ ^ V :^ Kg (ikuiabune) n. A ship 
of war. 
Syn. ouNKAN. 
Heikbqani ^'i^if^ $^n. A kind of 

crab. 
Heieen ^ >f ^ V u a kind of bluish red silk 

cloth. 
Heiii '^ ^f ^ :^ H n. Weapons of war ; 
arms. 
Syn. lEcsA-noGU. 
Heiki ^ >f ^ 5|i 55, n. Calm ; tranquil ; un- 
disturbed in mind; equanimity; composure: 
coolness ; indifference : ie ga yaketemo — de 
iru, he is calm even if his house should burn ; 

— na Into, one who has no care or anxiety 
about anytliing. 

Heikin -^-f :^ 3^ ^i^ (tairaka ni hitoshii) — 
sunt, to make equal or even, equalize; to 
balance; to average: nedan tco heikin shite 
ikura, what is the average price ? 

Sj-n. KAIUSn, BTODO. 

Heieo ^>f a ijf H ^ (kuchi lOO tojiru: coll.) 

— sum, to shut the mouth ; to be silenced or 
defeated in argument; — tareta, to be 
silenced. 

Heiswa ^ >f ^ T7 /c- )^ "• A. conflagration 

caused by war. 
Geiswa ^ ^ ^ V 2f. f p {tairaka ni yaicaragn) 

— sum, to equalize and harmonize ; to 
regulate : gozd wo heikxoa snru (medical term), 
io regalate the five internal organs. 



Heikto -X >f ^ 3 H ;g {shtrixoki oru) — 
sttru, to withdraw from office and live la 
retirement (generally from disgust or sick- 
ness) : jitaku ni — suru. 

Heiuan ->>f-rv i^ifj n. A curtain 

Hbimbi -> >f ^ >f Iji H^ n. Early morning ; the 
dawn. Syu. to-akb. 

Heimin *>.>{ 5 y ^ ft n. The common peoplii 
(not the gentry). 

Heimon -^ >f ^ v 13 pi ("*<"* wo tojiru) — 
snru, to be impriboued in one's own house: 

— tco kU ; — tco inoKhi tsukertt. 
Heimotsu ^^ ^y ]|?ift n. Presents of con. 

gratulation ; marriti^^e presents. 

Heimtaku -^^f 5-V^ ^Vlf- ^' The usual or 
healthy state of the pulse. 

Heinin *>.>( ^v ip-A {tsune-bito) n. A com- 
mon or onlinaiy person ; common people. 

Hei-on -^ >f i* V ^ fg {odayaka) Quiet ; free 
from disturbance ; tranquil : — yo no naka. 

fHEiRE ^ >f u n. A kind of cap anciently 
used by nobles. 

Heirki ^^ u^ 5?JS "• Presents made on 
espousal, or on visits of ceremony. 

Heirvoku ^'i9^^^'/jn. Military power. 

Heisan *n >f -i?" y ijs. 2E n. An ordinary or 
natural parturition. 

Heisei 'n >f -b >{ ^^ {tsnwamono no ikioi) 
Military power, or appearance of great mili- 
tary strength. 

Heisen '% >f 12 2^ ^9 ^- i-q- heikxoa, 

Heisha ^^ s^-Y ^M 
war chariot. 

Heishi 'vvf 5^ J^^ n, 
man. 

Heishin ^^ i>^i/' i^St — sxiru, to prostrate 
one's self : — teitd ghite negau. 

Heishin ^ >f i^ s^ S^ i^ n. Calmness of mind ; 
tranquil mi ml ; unprejudiced mind. 

Heiso -n >f y ^'fl^ (««im«-««ne) Always; con- 
stantly. 

Heisokd -n >f y ^ fl^ ^ n. Paper fixed to 
the end of a stick aud placed before the kami : 

— xco tateru. 

Syn. mitegura, nfsa, hei. 
Heisoku -^ >f y ^ (?fl 8> (^oji fusagu) — sum, 

to shut up, stop up, close, obstruct; to be 

stopped up ; obstructed : jdki xco — , to check 

perspiration. 
Heisotsu 'v /f y ^ ^ 2{1 n. Common soldier. 
Hei-sui 'n >f ?; ?}: 2p. /jC n. The ordinary level 

of water in a river : kaxca ga afureta ga — ni 

natta. 
Heitai ^ 'i si ^ :^ Pifc n. Company of soldiers; 

troops. 
HEriAN ^^9 1^ 2^ JJL (taira) Level ; plain ; 

even : — no michi, a level road. 
Heitan ^ ^ St ^ ^fl^ n. Act of war; hos- 
tilities : — xco hiraku, to commence hostilities. 
Heitsukudari,-rd ^^ y ^ ^^a- z^SQSS ^'^* 

To prostrate one's self; to bow humbly to 

the ground : hito no mae ni — . 
Heiwa ^^ v if.fv n. Peace; tranquillity r 

freedom from disturbance. 

Syn. ODATAKA. 



{ikusa gxiruma\ n. A 
A soldier; military 



HEI 



148 



HEN 



Heiwa ^ >f 7 ^ ft n. Common colloquial ; 
the language of the common people. 

S.Vn. ZOKUDAN, ZOKUOO. 

Hki-yu '^yf -x 2ji ^ u. Restoration to health ; 
cured : — turn, lobe restored to usual health; 
hydki fja — shita. 

Syn. ZENKWAI, HOMBDKO. 

Hei-zbi ^ >f ^ >f ifi ^ Common ; usual ; or- 
dinary ; custuinary : habitual ; every-day. 

Heei ^"^ {^ or ^ji II. A bent, peculiarity, 
propensity ; peculiar habit or way ; eccentri- 
city : heki no aru hitOt an eccentric person; 
heki wo iu, to say odd things. 

Syn. KUSE, HENKUTSU. 

Hekighi '^ 4^ f- ff$ Jtfe {inaka) n. The country : 
— ni nnUn wo okunif to pass the summer in 
the country. 

Hekiotoku ^ £\^ d^ ^ ^ ^i^' (min.) 
Jasper. 

Hbeioyoku ^^^ n i^ ?2i ^- A. kind of 
precious stone of ^reen color ; jade. 

Heki-tu ^ ^- >f 7 JB^ g, (kaia-inaka) n. Coun- 
try town. 

Hekiraoa8hi,-su -^ + 7 *• X t.v. (coll.) To 
show or make a display of anything in order 
to tease or excite desire ; to tantalize. 

Heki-reki .^^ v^ )3^S n. Lightning, flash- 
ing, glitteriijg, as of a sword, etc. 

Hbkibon ^^vis^^.y^u, A partial or pre- 
judiced view or opinion of a subject : — fca, a 
Mgoted or dogmatic person. 

Hekisho -s + 5^ 3 1^ ^ (atsusa wo sakent) — 
siirUf to avoid or escape from the heat of sum- 
mer. 

Hbkitan '^ ^ St i^ ^ \^_ n. A deep place in a 
river,— /mc/«". 

Hekiyeki ^ 4* jc i|» J?|J^ — irt«*M, to shrink 
back in fear; to recoil ; to retreat, as an army : 
sono ikioi ni — . 

Hekoheko ^ zj ^ zj adv. (coll.) Pliant; 
limber; flexible; (said of articles thin and 
broad, as a fan, paper, etc.): — »unt. 

Hekomashi.-su -^ 3 v ^ 'P'J^ t.v. To indent ; 
to pit, hollow: yubi de — , to indent with 
the finger. 

Hekomi 'X =3 ^ I@ n- An indentation ; a loss 
in measure or weight ; a falling short : hekomi 
ga dekitUf it has fallen short in measure ; it 
is indented; — ni natta, to be short in 
measure. 
Syn. ueri. 

Hekomi .-MU ^ u a J^ (cont. of heri and komu) 
i.v. To be indented, pitted, hollowed, worn 
into ; (met.) to break down, cave in, as one 
defeated ; to give in ; collapse : kanazuchi de 
tataita ka Jiekonde oru, I suspect it was in- 
dented by the blow of a hammer ; hento ga 
dekiwiktUe hekonde shimatia^ not being able 
to reply, he gave in. 

Syn. KDBOMU, ii-komeru. 

Hbuben ^i^^i^ 3^ # — ««m, to repay, pay 
back, refund, make restitution. 
Syn. KAFsu. 

Hembutsd 'Nvyy (^# n. A peculiar or 
eccentric person ; an obstinate, bigoted person. 



Hemeouri,-ru ^:h f A' E ?5 *•▼• ^^ trayel 
about : kuni-guni wo — , to travel from country 
to country. 

-fHsMi -^ 5 i.q. hebi. 

Hempa ^i^^^ \^T^ {katayori) n. Partiality; 
favoritism : Jtiiki hempii nashi ni, without 
favor or partiality ; hempa no hito nite mina- 
viina koviari iru. Syn. hiiki, katazumi. 

Hem-pai -x3^y^>f i]5 |5f; Beturuiug the wine^ 
glass : — itashimasu, I return you the glass. 

Hempen-to ^ ^/^ ^ V ^ ^ adv. In a flutter- 
ing manner ; wavering : hata — nabiku, tli8 
flag flutters in the wind ; yuki — funt. 

Syn. HXRA-HIRA-TO. 

Hempi ^ V b* 16 SP ^ remote country ; retired ; 
rural; rustic: — na tokoro, a place far re* 
tired in the country. Syn. inaka. 

Hempo ->.v^^t> 3ig ^ n. Answer; reply; 
requital ; revenge ; vengeance : teki ni — ico 
«f<ru, to take vengeance on an enemy ; tegami 
de — wo 8uru, to answer by letter. 

Hempon-to 'x > ;}{ V 1^^ adv. In a waving^ 
fluttering manner: hata heinpon to haze ni 
nabiku, the flag flutters and yields to the- 
wind ; — «Mnt, to flutter, or fly. 

Hempuku -^v-/^^4Sn. A bat. 
Syn. KouoRi. 

Hen -vi^ i§ n. Part ; region ; place ; locality; 
side: kono hen, this side, neighborhood, or 
region ; ano hen, that side, that place. 

Syn. HOTOBI, ATARI. 

Hen ^^ '^ n, A section, or book ; a set 
of books under one cover : ippen, Jii-hen, sam^ 
ben, flrst, second, and third books, or sets ol 
books ; ni hen me, the second book. 

Hen -^i^ ^ An unusual, extraordinary, oi 
strange affair, phenomenon, accident : nan nc 
hen vio nai, nothing unusual ; hen na koto, » 
strange or extraordinary affair ; — na koe, 
a peculiar voice ; tailien, a great or dreadful 
event ; a catastrophy ; tern-pen. 

Hen 'n 5^ g [tabi) Numeral for times : ippen, 
once ; ni-hen, twice; eam-ben, three times; tku 
— mo, how many times soever. 

Hen ^v iig n. The left side radical of » 
Chinese character, as: ki'heit,.nin-ben, kane 
hen, 

tHENARi,-RU ^ -^ ;^ i.v. To be sepaiBtctl, 
apart, distant ; i.q. hafiare, 

Henatsucbi -^ -^ ^^ f- n. A kind of black mud 
obtained from the beds of stagnant riv(^r8 us 
canals, and used for plastering. 

Hendo -n i^ »? 55 i- ^ remote country region. 
Syn. kata-inaka, hempi. 

Hendo ^ j^ i? i> jg afl u. Going from temple 
to temple to worship. 
Syn. junrei, meguri. 

Henoai ^i^if^ ^ €jc To change, alter, retract : 
yaku-ioku wo — sum, to retract an agree- 
ment. 

Henoe ^i^^ fflUb — »uru, to transform one's 

self, metamorphose, change : kitsune ga lienge 

shite hito to nam, the fox is changed into & 

man; Jienge-mono, an apparition, a pliontom. 

Syn. bake-uono, yokwal 



HEN 



149 



HEP 



Skuokn ^i^yj^ ^-g" (lit. half a word) In 

A few words, or one word : — too motte goku 

wo fadantern. 
Bes-1 ^>'^ S,^ ^ wonder, prodigy ; a 

strange or uunsuul phenomenon : — gti am. 
Henji ->. V s? a^^ n. An answer, reply : — 

stint, to return answer, to reply ; — ga iwi, 

no answer. 
Syn. hentO, kotae, irae. 
Henji '^ v s? ISf 4> {kawatta koto) n. An 

anusnal or strange event ; a wonder. 
Hbxji.-ru ^ i^ j? a^ gj t.v. or i.v. To change, 

alter, transform ; to metamorphose : ishi wo 

heiijite kin fosiirti, to change stones into gold; 

kitsune ga Into ni — , the fox transforms itself 

into a man. 
Hesjin -^ S' s? i' U a n. An eccentric person. 
Henjo '>vs?"Yi> 5^Ji — sum, to return, 

send back, repay to a superior. 

Syn. KAESHI-TATEMATSURU. 

Henka ^i^fj 3^ -^ n. Verses composed in 

reply to other verses. 
Hknkai -^3/':J!r-f ^ ^^ n. The whole world, 
universe. 
Syn. uchC. 
HEKKAsa '^ V :i!r ^ ^^ ¥ n. Beformation ; 
revolution: — svru, to alter, reform; to 
change ; okiie wo — , to alter the laws. 
Hexkan ^z^-fj^ 1^ flj n. Answer, reply (of 

a letter) : — wo ukeru, 
UE2fKEy ^^-^v iSfi. n. Prejudice; bias; 
partial judgment; prepossession : — wo idaku. 
Syn. jashO. 
Hknko -^ 5^ 3 ffi iJC (kawari) n. Bevolutions, 
changes of condition: ijo no — , political 
changes of the world. 
Henxo ^ i^ 3 |g gj u. Bigoted : — no shinja, 
Heneo — » 5^ ^ i5r ffi l£ (kae-aratamuru) — «Mru, 

to alter, change. 
Henko -^ 3^ 3 !> i§ ^ {yoxo no teki) Foreign 

invaders ; marauders on the frontier. 
Hekkutsc '^i^ Sf V iS & Bigoted ; dogmatic ; 
formal ; stiff in manner : — na Into, a bigoted 
man ; — jin, id. 

Syn. XATAKURUSHII, KATAKUNA, OANKO. 

Eexswa -^ V ^ »7 I? ib n. Change ; altera- 
tion; transformation; variation; vicissitude; 
metamorphosis : — snru, to change, vary ; 
t?iiki no — , the changes of the four seasons. 
Syn. KAWARI. 

Henkyaku ^>'4"-'V^ allip — »Mrii, to pay 
back, return, restore. 
Syn. he VEEN, xaesu. 

HzKNo ^ >- -h i5r ^ 885 J^- Befined camphor. 

Henno ^z^-^y J| ^ — ««rM, to return, 
send back, rebtore, pay back, as a borrowed 
thing. 

SyU. XAKSU, HENJO SURU. 

HesxyC ^^ > n ^ li X (knmi ireru) — sunt, 

to as.sigii, appoint, allot. 
Besoko '^ ? 3 P^ S **• Membrum virile. 

Syn. INKYO, NANKON. MARA, CHIMBO, 6HIJI. 

Henrei .-^ 5^ u -f a§ f5 — ««r»/, to respond, 
reciprocate ; to return a compliment, make a 
present ixi retorn. 



Henreei ^ V w 4^ iS B£ — «urM, to travel 

about. 

Syn. HEMEGURI, yOreri. 
HemrCda ^i/ A' if it ^ ^ n. The common 

rue, Buta graveolens. 
Hensai ^j^-ij-^f sg *^ -^ «?/rM, to return, re- 
pay, restore, give back. 
Heksei 'n *^ -fe >f ^ ^ {ami nasu) — guru, to 

compose, form, constitute: heisotnu hyaku nin 

wo motte isthotai wo — Kuru. 
Hensen 'X ^ -le i^ fS ^ (utsuri kaioari) n. 

Change; vicissitude : yo no — , the vicissitudes 

of life. 
Hensha ^ 5^ i'-V IS 5^ n. The author, editor. 
Henshi -n V S*' >i* Ift' (katatoki) u. A short 

time; a moment: — mo icasurezUf not to 

forget for a moment. 
Hemsbi ^ v i^ I^ % n. A strange, unusual, 

or unnatural douth. 
Henshin *>. V s^ V S '^ (kokoro-gawari) n. 

Change of mind, or purpose. 
Henshin ^> >^i^ ^ $t (^emhin) n. The 

whole body. 
Henshin ^ 5^ i^ v a^ iS {kaeshi maircuum) 

— 8uru, to return, send back (to a superior). 
Syn. uenjo. 

Henshitsu ^s^i^y ^ 9i ^- Sudden loss 

(of anything). 
Hensho ^ > u t> ^fh (chiisaki) — no, little, 

small, petty : — no knni, 
HenshO ^ V s^ t> ^Wt — turu, to compile, 

edit: — nin, editor; — c/io, chief editor. 
HenshO ^ v 5^ t> \^ i^ Obstinacy ; bigotry ; 

stubbornness ; fixed in opinion ; pertinacious : 

— wa kayette waga mi no gai ni nam, 
obstinacy may become injurious to one's self. 

Syn. KATAiji. 

Hensoku '>» 2^ y ^ ^ R»J n. Learning the 
meaning of words or of a foreign language 
without regard to the pronunciation. 

Hentetsu -^i^T y (coll.) Utility, virtue, taste, 
good quality (always followed by mo nai) : kono 
karashi wa 7ian no — mo luii, this mustard 
has not the least taste ; kiuuri wa nan no — 
7710 nai, the medicine has no taste, or, has no 
effect ; omoshiroku mo — mo nai, not the least 
pleasant. 

Hento ^s^^^ 3^ ^ 15 • Answer; reply: 

— sum, to answer, reply ; — ga nai, no 
answer. 

Syn. henji, hempo, kotae. 
Hentosen -xi^hT>-te>' 1^ 3.Vi n. (med.) 

The tonsil gland. 
Hentsuki ^>y ^ \f^^ n, A game in which 

one part of a Chinese character is given to add 

the other. 
-JHenushi ^% i^ n. Master or head of a 

house. 
Syn. eoshu. 
Henyaku 'x w ^ l@ 1$ — ««rii, to compile, 

compose. 
Heo ^y ^ 1^ n. The cord attached to a 

ftilcon's fool. 
Heppiri-mushi 'n sr b* 9 a i/ ^9^ n* (ooll.) 

A kind of stinking bug. 



HER 



150 



HI 



Hbra -^ 9 £ a. A paddle, spatula ; a trowel : 
have-hern^ w metal spatula, a trowel. 

fHEBABA '-s ^ y< n. The feathers on the side 
and under the wiugs of a hird. 

Heragaeri ^9^* ^9 n. A Rprain of the 
ankle or foot : — wo anrn^ to sprain the ankle. 

Herabaoi ^y-fs^ n. A species of heron, 
spoon-bill. 

H£basbi,-su 'n 7 :^ i^ t.v. To lessen, dimin- 
ish, reduce in number or bulk; to abate: 
hito fro — , to reduce the number of persons ; 
iriyd wo — , to lessen expenses ; kni-herasn, to 
lessen by eating ; Unkai-hei-asu, to lessen by 
using. 

Syn. GEN8H5 8CRU, sueunaeu suru, habueu, 

OENZURU. 

^erazu -s 9 ^ ^ jS (Ji^K* o^ hent) — guchi 
wo in, to talk inordinately or insolently. 

Heri -n »; i^l^ n. A border, binding; edging 
of a garment, mat, etc.: — ico tont^ to make a 
border ; heri-tori-goza^ a mat with a binding. 

Hbri '^^ ^ n. A diminution, loss, waste, 
discount : heri ga tatsu^ there is a loss, or 
waste (in goods, etc., as from handling). 
Syn. HEXOHi. 

Heri,-ru ^ -'i' j^ i.v. To be lessened in bulk, 
diminished in number ; to wear or waste 
away : kazn ga lietta^ the number is dimin- 
ished ; hara ga — , to be hungry ; toishi 
ga — , the whetstone wears away. 
Syn. oemsho buru, suxunakv naru. 

Herikudari,-ru -^ 9 ^ y ^w gf i.v. To hum- 
ble one's self : we ve no hito ni herikudaru, to 
humble one's self before a superior. 
Syn. kemtai, kenbon, hige buru, shita ki 

DXRU. 

Heru ^ A' M See he.-ru, 

Hesa£,-ru ^ -9- -^ >w t.v. To press down, 
repress, subjugate. 

Hksaki "'s-^ 4- Wi D. The prow or bow of a 
boat or ship. 
Syn. uiosHi. 

Hebara-basara ^'^)"7 ^^y" y n- («an.) A cal- 
culus concretion found in the stomach of some 
animals ; bezoar ; (used in some places as a 
chaim in praying for rain). 

Hk8Hi.-8U ^ 5^ (same as herasu) To diminish, 
lessen. 

HK8Hi,-8n -^ X tffJ^ t.v. (coll.) To press 
down, force down ; to crush ; to repress, sub- 
due : hito wo hesHj to treat onother with 
arrogance ; kvchi wo — , to force to be silent. 
Syn. osu, oshi tsckeru. 

He8hi-ai,-au ^ur^ ^'^ i.v. (coll.) To 
imnU one's self ftuward before others. 

HKHHioucni ^l^ff- J^ V7 n. (coll.) Shut- 
ting the mouth ; keeping silence : — shite kitto 
henji iifiKhi ; — shite e mo warawazu. 

Heshi-komi,-mu -n b^ 3 a t.v. To press or 
Hqneez«4 into. 

Hkshi-oui,-ru ^l^t^ ^¥c t.v. (coll.) To 
break by pressing down, us across the knee. 

Herhi-tsiike,-ru ^1^7^ A' ^^ (coll.) To 
hileiice; to prevent from speaking; to press 
down. 



Heso *^y %^ n. A ball of tlireaci : itono 
-, id. 

Hebo ^ y ]^ n. The navel : — no o^ the 
navel string ; — wo kamti^ to bite one's navel, 
— to repent of deeply ; — de irarati, to langb 
scornfully. Syn. hozo. 

Hesokuri-gane ^ y ^ \) -ft :^ f A i^ f]lb R. 
(coll.) Pin monej' ; the small piivate eamiDgs. 
of the wife. 

Heta ^jt ^ n. The calyx of the blossom 
which remains attached to the fruit. 

Heta -^^ '1'^ Unskillful; inexperienced; 
unused to; clumsy ; bungling ; awkward: — 
wo »w'Ut to bungle, make a mistake ; — no 
ishn, an unskillful doctor ; taiku ga — da, the 
work is badly done ; — no yokoznkU fond ol, 
but unskillful in any art ; go wa — da, I am 
not good at checkers. 
Syn. BUCHOHO, jozu nai. 

Heta ^ ^ n. Edge ; side ; i.q. hata . «imi no 
— , sea shore. 

Het.\babi,-ru ^St/^fl^ i.v. (coll.) To bend 
down ; to bow low : hftabari-tsuku, id. 

Heta-heta-to ^ Ji ^ St V adv. Limber; pliant; 
flexible : hetaritOf id.; karada ga — naru. 

Hetsukubari,-ru ^y^^^A' i.v. (coll.) To 
fawn, or act the sycophant; to be bowing and 
assenting to everything another says. 

+HET8UKCR1 ^y ^ *) u. A bird-catcher. 

Hetsurai ^y y \s fa n. Flattery ; adula 
tion ; sycophancy. 
Syn. TSUisHO, kobi. 

Hetsurai,-au ^y 'y t^ Ifi tj' t.v. To flatter, 
to fawn upon, pay court to; to play the 
sycophant ; to endeavor to please : hito ni 
hetsnrau^ to flatter others ; hetmirai niofio, a 
flatterer, a sycophant: me ue no hito ni 
hetsnratte shunse wo suru, to flatter a superior 
and get promotion. 

Syn. KOBIRU, TSUISHO SURD. 

iHET8URi,-RU ^y A^ t.v. i.q. Jiatgnrti. 

Hetsuru ^ ^S' ^u Same as heznri. 

Hettsui ^y y ^ i^u. A cooking range, 
kitchen furnac6. Syn. kamado. 

Heya ^-v S|i ^ n. A room, apartmeut; also 
a concubine. 

Heyazusii 'n'Y-jC^ j^t^n. A son who, 
though grown up, still lives with bis pai^ut^. 

Hezuhi,-ro ^^ A' ;p/f t.v. To cat or cUp oft 
a part ; to clip, dock, scale ; to pilfer, abstract; 
to take by stealth a little from a quantity: 
dai wo hezutte nho ni tassv^ to clip off from 
tlie big and add to the little; hezuiH-toru^ tc 
abstract. 

Syn. hatsuru. 

Hi b g n. The sun : — no hiknri^ the 
light of the sun ; — no de, the rising of tJtt 
sun ; — no iri, the setting of the sun ; — h » 
torn michi (sekido), the eqninoctinl, the orbit 
of the sun ; — ga tei-n, sun sliiiies ; — g<i 
ntsniii, the sun shines on, or, is refieciod in; 
hi ga takeru, the sun is getting; high : — 
7a' saraxu, to expose to the sun ; — tiu me va 
mizn, not string even the light of day. 
Syn. Kicbi-RiN, tento, taito. 

\ 



HI 



151 



Trm 



Hi ta ^ n Day : — ga nagai, the day is 
long ; — ga mijikai^ the day is short ; — vo 
htru, to spend the time; — too nobani, to 
postpone the day ; — wo sadameni, to fix the 
day; — wo kura$u, to spend the day; — 
fco $ugo$u^ id.; hi wo heru^ id.; hi wo okurxi^ 
id.; — ieki nichi yort, day hy day. 
Syn. Kicni, jitsu. 

Hi b >^ n. Fire: — ga moeruj the fire 
bums; — ga kierUf the fire is going oat; 

— ga tfukUf to catch fire; — wo taku, to 
make afire; — wo montf id.; — wo kesu, to 
pot oot fire ; — wo uUu^ to strike fire (with a 
fliut) ; — wo ikeru, to keep fire in (by cover- 
ing it with ashes) ; — no te^ the fiame of a 
conflagration ; — no mtban, a fire watch ; — 
no yH-jin^ preparation, or care against a fire ; 

— qa kikanu kara yu ga nieru, 
Syn. KWA. 

Hi b lb i$ n. The longitadinal groove in 

a sword blade. 
Hi b W n. The spleen : hi no to, id. 
Hi b 1^ n. Vermilion color : hi no koromOy 

a crimson robe. 
Hi li }fi^ (kori) n. Ice : fuu-hi, thin ice. 
Hi b ^g (arazu) n. Evil; error; faalts; de- 
fects; bad; wrong; not so; ont of: — wo 
utjni, to criticise, point ont the defects ; — ni 
ochiru, to be convicted of wrong, to be oast 
in a suit, proven gnilty ; sen hi wo kuyamu, 
to repent of some evil which one has done ; 
ze to hi no wnkarnnu monoy a person who does 
not know the difference between right and 
wrong ; hito no hi wo ii-tateru, to speak of the 
evil doings of others ; hi-yaku, out of office. 
Syn. ASBi. 
Hi (3 ^ n. . A water pipe, spout, trough; a 
f Aticct : hi HO knchi, the mouth of a faucet or 
drain ; — icn mumeni, to lay a water-pipe 
nndur gi-ouiid. 
Svii. TOI. 
Hi u ^ n. A weaver's shnttle : hata no hi, 

the tsiinttle of a loom. 
Hi b {^ n. A nionument; a stone tablet; a 
sioiie cut for litliographing * hi wo tnterii, to 
erect a momiment; »eki hi, a stone monu- 
n»eut ; hi no mei, the inscriptions on a monu- 
ment. 
Hi b >t {kfirabe, tagui) Comparison ; kind; 
soL-t : — 8vrn, to compare, match ; karera no 

— tif nTaxu, not like them; superior. 

Hi i2 f.9 {kaknxii) — sum, to hide, conceal : 

— ^hite morojnina. 

Hi t: 417 n- The name of a tree, Betinispora 
obiucta; i.q. hinoki. 

Hi,-nu b A* '=f> i.v. Dried in the sun, or at 
a lire; dry; to ebb: nntshi ga hita, the 
Jocqoer is diy ; daikon ga hitn, the radish is 
dry ; »Mo ga — , tide has ebbed ; mitu ga — , 
tlie water is dried up; hikuta, the dry beach; 
fit' aiJirrn, fully dried ; hi vtono, articles of food 
dried in the sun, particularly dried fish ; ron 
ga hruai, the discasaiou is not ended. 

Syn. KAWAK0, BASBAOtr. 

Hi.-'KO ts «^ S t.v. To winnow or dean grain 



by throwing it up in the air and catching it 

in a basket : nU de kome wo hiru, to winnow 

rice with a basket. 
Hi-ABUBi b T 7* 9 3^ JPj n. Punishment by 

burning at the stake : — »i sum, to bum at 

the stake. 
Hi-AOABABBi,-su b 7 #* ^ 3^ (csust. of hiagatC^ 

To dry, desiccate. 
Syn. Bosu, kawakasu. 
Hi-AOABi,-Bn hf if A' ^ Jt i'V' Dried up ; 

arid ; parched : hideri de tmchi ga — . 
Syn. EAWAKU. 
Hi-Ai b 7 b H fnl n. The space of a day ; 

interval of several days ; a number of days ; 

time : — ga tatta, many days have elapsed ; 

— ga aru, there is plenty of time. 
HiAi b 7 >f ^ ^ {kanashimi'kanaihimu} 

Grief; sorrow. 
Hi- ASBI b 7 £^ g H^ n. The rays of the 

sun : mado kara hi-athi ga aant, the sun*s 

rays enter by the window ; — ga hayai, the 

sun travels fast. 
Hi-AWAi b 7 ^N >f 7S& m {hisashi no awai) 

The narrow space between adjoining houses 

overhung by the eaves of each house : — no 

momo no ki. 
Hi-ATAUsBi b 7 -V t' s** Exclam.=:" Be careful 

of fire," the call of a watchman at night. 
HiBA b y^ ^^ n* Dried radish leaves. 
HrsA b /<? ^ :ji£ n. A kind of evergreen, the 

Thujopsis delabrata. 
Syn. SAWABA. 
HiBABA b /-? ^-C ^ M. 9: n. Great-grand- 
mother. 
HiBACBi b /^f* )^ ^ n. A brazier, or pan 

for holding hot coals for warming the hands 

or apartments of a house. 
HiBAN bz-Cv ^t# Not on duty; off duty: 

koiinichi wa hiban de gozarimatu, am off duty 

to day; hiban toban naku tsumekiru, to he 

always on duty without a division of watch. 
HiBANA \2^<-^ )^:fS n. A spark: — wo 

chirashite tatakau, to fight until the sparks 

fly. 

HiBARi b ^^ 9 S -^ "• A sky-lark. 
HiBASAHi b / N-9- 5 >^ Si n. The cock of a 

gun, or the place where tbe match is held in 

a match lock. 
HiBARBi b -'T 5^ ^^ n. Two iron rods used 

for taking up fire : tongs. 
HiBASBiBA bXi^9 n. A phosphorescent light 

like a pillnr, supposed to be produced by the 

fox or badger. 
HiBi b b' M n> Chaps, or cracks in the 

hands produced by cold : teni — ga kireta, 

the hands are chapped ; hibi-akagire, chapped 

and cracked. 
HiBi b b' fi XI* A orack; the cracked ap- 
pearance of porcelain : — ga itta tetomono ; 

hibi-yaki, a kind of porcelain made to look 

as if cracked. 
HiBi-BiBi-Ni b i^ b i^ Daily ; every day. 

NICBI-NICBI-NI, MAIMICBI. 

HiBiKASE,-BU b if ^ "te a* ^ V (canst, of 
hibiki) To cause to reverberate, ur echCb 



BIB 



152 



HID 



HiBiu bbf^F 9 n. Bound; noise; report; 
echo ; ooncassion ; a craok: teppd no — , Uie 
report of a gun ; jUhin no — , the shock of an 
earthquake; — ga tru, to be cracked. 

EiBiKi.-KU b tf ^ 9 !•▼• To echo, resound, 
reverberate ; to extend^ as an impulse, shock, 
or concussion : toki no hoe ten ni hihiku, the 
shout resounded to the heavens; teppd ga 
natte shoji ni hibiku, the sound of the guns 
reverberates against the windows ; hibiki tpa» 
taruj to reverberate on every side ; athi no 
itami ga atama ye noboru, the pain of the foot 
reaches to the head. 

HiBi-Ni b t* ^ Q B adv. Daily ; every day. 

Syn. NICHINICHI-NI. 

HiBiRAoi,-on b If 9 / i.v. To tremble, shake, 

quiver ; to smart, to prickle with a pungent 

pain. 

Syn. FUBUSBU, tubatsusu. 
HiBiBB b If w n. A crack (in porcelain) : — 

ga tru, to be cracked. 
HiBiso b If y n. An inferior kind of raw silk 

made from the outside fibres of cocoons. 
HifiiYiKi b If -V 4> n. A kind of porcelain 

baked so as to have a cracked appearance. 

Syn. BAKUTAKI. 

HiBo, or HiMO b i)f jSs n. Cord; braid; a 
plaited string. 

HiBo h^<if piitS (waruku iu) i.q. hiho, 

HiBo b/^ijr ilp.^ n» Treason: — wo hakaru, 

HiBON b 4/ V il^JL (nami naranu) Extraor- 
dinary ; unusual ; uncommon : — no sau 

HiBosHi b 4^ S^ ^ifu ^' drying or dried in 
the sun, or at a fire; (met.) emaciated by 
starvation: hiboshi-gakU dried persimmons; 
— ni sareru, to be starved, shriveled by 
starvation. 

HiBu by ig •$• n. Interest by the day: — 
de kane wo kariru, to borrow money at so 
much interest a day. 

HiBuxuRB b :/ ^ i^ >^ J8 n. The blister 
from a burn : yakedo thite — ni natta, to be 
burnt and blistered. 

HiBUN b :/ V ilp,^ Unbecoming one's sta- 
tion; improper; unjust; unreasonable; dis- 
proportionate : — no furumaiy improper con- 
duct ; — no gata^ an unjust sentence ; — no 
tsumi ni ochiru, to receive an undue degree of 
punishment. 

Syn. MAMIHIZUBE, ruTo. 

HiBUNB b 7*-^ )k.fl!: T^' A steamboat. 
Syn. J6KISEN. 

HiBUBUi b 7" >^ >f )^ SS n. Daily shake of 
the ague. 

HiBUSB b>*-te >^ RJ (hiwoftuegu) n. Pro- 
tection against fire : — no fuda, a charm to 
protect against fire, pasted near the entrance 
of a house ; — fio kami, 

HiBUTA h zT St >^ R M n. The cap that 
covers the pan of a matchlock. 

HiBTo-iM blf3i5r>fs^i§yg|5Sn. A hospital 
where persons laboring under infections dis- 
eases are treated. 

Hicm taf* jt Beeshiehi, 

HicBZ b f- -t Seven (same as $hiehi). 



HiCHiBiKi bf*9^ 9|||n. A small pip^ 
or flageolette : — no shita, the reed of a flo- 
geolette. 

HiCHZSHA b f- 8^ lr ^ f^ 4f {osamertmtru 
mono) n. Those who are governed, opp. of 
ihuchitlia, 

Hich5 b T ^ A I& (tobu-tori) n. A flying 
bird : — no gotoku. 

HiCHo b f- 3 ^ ib 5t n. Specific gravity. 

HiDA ta ^ IK n. Plaits ; folds : — 100 eoni, 
to plait. 

HiDACHi b^f- B J^ n. The daily improve- 
ment, or convalescence of a sick person ; the 
daily growth of an infant : — ga warui, 

HiDACHi,-TSU \i fty g J^ i.v. To gradually 
improve; to daily grow better in health or 
larger in size (said of a sick person, or infant): 
akambo ga dan-dan hidatnt, the infant gradn- 
ally grows in size; hidaehi-kanerut not im- 
proving. 

Hn>Ai b ^ >f Be ;Ac Corpulent ; fat ; hyper- 
trophy. 

HiDAMA b ^ V >^ 3 n. Will of the wisp; 
ignis fatuus ; a ball of fire. 

HiDARi b ^ 9 & n. The left : — no te, the 
left arm ; — no /to, the left side. 

HiDABi-oAjiAE \2^ 9 if^-^ ;^ ^ n. A left 
position, or left guard, as in fencing. 

HiDABi-oixi b ^ 9 =\^ ¥ &f»]l n. Le't- 

HiDABi-GiTCHo h^ V ^ y f- n j handed- 

HiPABi-MAE h^V^^ 2fe.Tffn. Buttoning 
on the left side ; the right breast of the coat 
folded over the left : $hintho ga — ni natta 
to suffer a reverse of fortune. 

HiDABi-MAKi b ^ 9 ^ 4" & ^ II- Turning 
towards the left in winding. 

HiDABi-MOJi b^9*5^ &^^n- A char- 
acter or word written backwards. 

Hn>ABi-NAWA b ^ 9 •^ ^^ ^ |iE n. A rope 
made by twisting to the left. 

HiDABi-ucHiWA b ^ 9 iS^ f- ^^ n. Holding the 
fan in the left hand : — de kwasu^ to Uve in 
ease and leisure. 

fHiDABi-TUGAMi b^9a>^^ n. A left-hand- 
ed marriage, said of a marriage between a 
poor man and a rich woman. 

HxDABUOABi.-BU b ^ A' #* ** i.v. To f ccl hun- 
gry ; to be always hungry. 

HlDABUZ,-KI-8HI h ^ A* ^ S K ^^j* Ha°- 

gry. 

Syn. HABA GA HEBU, HIMOJU, KOFUKU, CKBU. 

HiPABUKU, or HidabO \AitA^9 SiL adv. Hun- 
gry : — nat, not hungry. 

HiDABUSA b • A' -i^ fiL n. Hunger; the de- 
gree or state of hunger. 

HiDA8Hi,-siT b ^ X ^ ^ t.v. To winnow, <w 
clean by throwing up the grain with a shallow 
basket called a mi, 

Hn>ATUKi,-Ku-8Hi b ^ ^ ^ adj. Same as 
/iidaru&t. 

HiDEN br2^ $^fll zi- A secret, or private 
formula, art, or instruction which one has 
been taught by others, or which has come 
down in one's family: — wo othieru; — W9 
$agukeru; — woukeru; — woyurusu* 



HTD 



158 



ma 



fHiDSH-ni brv^v j^^Jgn. An asy- 
lom, poor house, or hospital. 

HisERi b r 9 ^ n. A drought, long con- 
tinuance of clear weather : — doshi, a year of 
drought ; — doihi fit kikin nathi (prov.). 
Syn. XAMPATsu 

HmsBiBo b 7 9 y ^ n. The portulaca ; i.q. 
matsuba-hotan. 

Bjd6 \i if i; ^k aS ('At'c/ii ni arazu) Gruel ; 
outrageous ; unjust ; dishonest : — na koto; — 
wo sum, to hebaye tyrannically ; to act un- 
justly. 

Hn>doD b ^ !> 5^ 5^ aS ^^ «• Tools for 
striking fire, as flint, steel, tinder, etc. 

Hn>oi,-Ki-KU-8Hi b 1^ ^ III adj. Hard ; violent ; 
intense; severe; grievous; cruel ; outrageous ; 
excessive ; atrocious : hidoi me ni au, to meet 
vritb cruel or hard treatment ; hidoi kito da, 
a cruel, hard mnu; hidoi nedtiUt an exorbitant 
price; hidoi aUuna da, it is exceedingly hot ; 
hidoku nam, to become severe. 

Syn. NASJUiENAI, MI700I. 

HiDOKEi bl^^"^ 19?fr|-fn. A sun-dial. 

HiDOEo b I* 3 9c f'Hr II* A. fire-place. 

HiDORi b 1^ y n. The widgeon. 

UmoBi b 1^ 9 Q J^ n. Selecting or fixing 
on a day : — wo sum, to fix on a day. 

Hii>0Ri,~Bu \s ^ ^ j$^ t,v. To dry by heating 
in a pan ; to roast : e/ta too — , to fire tea. 
Syn. Hojmu, hi-ire wo suru. 

HinosA Is )r -f- (see hidoi) n. Severity; atro- 
city; intensity; violence. 

Hnxyro b i^ > n. (worn.) i.q. himono. 

Hi'ye«1 b^^ ^ ^ »• Useful; beneficial. 

Syn. Bi-BKi. 
Hns See hiye. 
HiFu b 7 #' j^ n. A kind of coat worn by 

doctors, priests, or gentlemen who have retired 

from basiness. 
HiFU b 7 )JC A (katoa, luidae) The skin. 
HiFUKi b 7 4^ >^ «!fc n. A vessel into which 

tobacco ashes are blown from the pipe : — 

dake, a piece of bamboo used for blowing the 

fire; blow-pipe. 
HiFCKUBTo b 7 ^ 9 ir ij' #1[ IR ?4- n- (mil-) 

Allowance for clothing and necessaries to 

soldiera, etc. 
HiFUN b 7 V ^ fj {kanaihimi ikidori) 

Sorrow und anger: — no jo yam koto nashi, 
HiOA b ^ {$ IJt {kare to ware) Others and 

self : — no beteu nakn, making no distinction 

between self and others. 
HiGA b tT ^^ Mistaken ; erroneous (only used 

in comp.) as : — irai, an erroneous answer ; 

— oboe, mistake of memory ; — kazoe, mis- 
take in counting ; — mtmi, mistake in hearing. 
EiGAKBi tiii^b ^$9 Going and returning 

on the same day : — ni turu, to go and return 

on the same day. 
HiaA-HioABunn,-Ku-8Hi h ir \s if ^ ^ adj. 

Mean ; perverse ; base. 
Hi-oAi fa *r >f Injured. 
HiOAisHA tifr^i^^a^^n. The injured 

party. 



HxGAKB hify ^ ^ m Daily payments or 
contributions : tana-chin wo — ni shite torn, 
to receive the house rent in daily payments. 

■fHiOAKi b ^* % n. A hedge made of the hinoki, 

HiOAEOTO h-ff^h l^^n. A mintake, 
error ; something false, untrue, or absurd. 

HiOAM-BANA b*•^'>^■^ aW^ a ". Ths 
Omithoglum. 

HioA&iB b *• ^ IS n. Seeing incorrectly ; 
an eiTor of sight : taishd to mim wa — ka, 
are my eyes mistaken in taking you to be the 
general ? 

HiGAui b if \ n. Suspicious ; envious ; pat 
tiaUty : — ga dern, to be suspicious. 

HiGAHi,-uu b -^* A f^ i.v. To be bent, 
crooked, warped, perverse, prejudiced, partial, 
envious : kokoro ga higande orii, his mind is 
prejudiced; higami konjo, envious, or snspi- 
cious disposition ; to ga — , the door is warped. 
Syn. EATAYonu, uagaru, nbjiksru. 

HiGAHOMO b ^ ^ 7 n. A vicious, perverse 
person. 

HioAN b-xTv {l$ ^ n. The spring and au- 
tumnal equinox, a period of 7 days in the 2ud 
and 8th months (o.c.) appropriated to the 
worship of Buddha. • 

Hi-GAN \i if >^ f $ i$^ (^^'^ kighi) Lit. the 
other shore, i.e Paradise (Bad.). 

HiGANAi,-Ki-KD b ** "h >f adj. (coll.) Poor; 
indigent ; destitute : higanni knrashi, living 
in indigence. 

HiGANA-ICHI-NICHI b^'-^^ff-^f* 19— ^ 

The whole day. 

Syn. HIHEMOflU, shCjitsu. 
HiGANAKiN b*•-^^v i^}fS:\p n. Turkey 

red cloth, 
HiGANOKO Is if ^ ^ ^}]ll^ T\. A kind of 

silk with red ground and white fiprures. 

HiGAN-ZAKORA \S if i^ ^ S^ ^ f j^ ^ ^ U. A 

kind of fiowering cherry tree. 
HiGARA \s if ^ ^ ^ ^^3 \imdL of day, as to 

lucky or unlucky : — ga yoi, a lucky day ; — 

ga wnrui, a bad or unlucky day ; — tachite 

nochi, after many days. 
HiGARA \s a*^ n. A small bird, the titmouse, 

or tomtit, Parns ater. 
Htgabai.-ku adj. (coll.) Spoiled from being 

kept too long; not fresh (of fish) : kono sakana 

wa higarai. 
HiGARAMB \s'9f'^ jf n. Squint-cyed. 
HiGASA \sif-t g ^ n. A parasol, Bun-shade. 
HiGASAMA \siff^ adv. Perversely ; willfully 

perverting, misrepresenting or distorting the 

words or conduct of another. 
HiGASHi b*'S^ ^ (to) n. The east: — no 

ho; — no kata, eastern side; — mi</ct, facing 

the east. 
HiGASHi \s -^l/^ $L ^ ^ J^' See higioashi, 
HiGB b y {I n. The beard : nwa-hige, a 

mustache; ho-hige, whiskers; shita-hige, the 

beard on the chin : — no ehiri wo harau, 

to dust another's beard — to flatter, act the 

sycophant. 
HiGB b y ;^ F Behaving in a humble manner; 

taking a low place; depreciating one*B self: 



ma 



154 



HU 



hige $hite mono wo {», to speak hambly ; ftit* 
hun hige itat^i ni Bhikazn, there is nothing 
better than an bumble deportment ; hige 
gngini, to be over-modest or bumble. 

Syn. KENSON, KBNTAI, HERIKUDABU. 

HioEKAOo b y ^ =f u. A kind of coarse 

basket, 
f HioE NI hy^ adv. Daily; everyday. 

Syn. HiBi HI. 
Hioi b 4^^ ^^ «% — tnrtt, to vilify, backbite, 

speak evil of, calumniate. 

Syn. HIHO, ROSBIRU. 

Hioi b ^ iV&i (o^ "* ^razii) Unjust ; un- 
retisonable ; improper. 

HioiRi b^9 tl FK II* A fixed time; a set 
time in which to do anything : — wo «iin«, to 
set a time. 

Syn. NicHi-oEN. 

HioisHo b^S^-YiJr <k ^ifi n. Trial by 
fire : a mode of ascertaining whether a person 
was guilty ur not, by making him grasp a red 
hot iron bnr : if the hand was burnt the person 
was guilty, if it was not barnt he was innocent. 

HiGO hzf ^n. A long and slender slip of 
bamboo, used in making baskets. 

Hiod \izf7 ^^ '$ Innocent ; guiltless ; not 
having done anything in the previous state of 
existence to bring down retribution in this 
life ; (Bud.) hi go na shi tco aicarnnn^ to de- 
plore the death of one cut off apparently with- 
out cause, or who died a violent dealL. 

Hi-ooi b ri* ^ n. The red carp. 

HiooRo b =f p 19 ^ Common ; usual ; for 
yejirs past ; for a long time ; habitual : . — no 
iiepai (fu kandtrtf have gained what I have for 
yenrs been wanting; — no yuriki^ his usual 
power. 

HiooTAE b =f ir -^ >^ ijj n. The property of 
enduring or resisting fire; proof against fire: 
— ga yoi\ incombustible ; fire-proof ; — ga 
wnrni, easily con ru mad. 

HiooTo-Ni b rf h ^ ^ g (mai-nichi) adv. 
Daily; everyday, byn. nicui-nichi. 

HioucHi b^f- >^ P n. The tonch-hole of 
a gun. Syn. xwamon. 

HiouHA b /-r n. The brown bear. 

HiGUBASHi b / 9 S^ ^ n. A kind of cicada 
of a green color. 

HiotTRB b / 1^ ^ ^ u. Sunset; evening. 
Syn. BAN. 

HionwASBi h sTv > ^ta ^ n. A kind of 
dry confectionery made of rice- meal and 
sugar. 

HiOYo b^-V^ ^ if {tohi ynku) Flying 
away: sennin ira It i tjj/ iizai^ the «en»m have 
the power of flyin«. 

HiHAN \i ?\i/' ^ ^^\ — «M?M, to criticise ; to 
point out the defects ; to animadvert upon ; 
to speak evil of; vilify ; find fault with: bnn 
wo — , to criticise a writing ; nhimo to ahite 
a kami no koto wo — suhekarazn, a subject 
should not criticise the acts of his lord ; — 
tnni tokoro nashi, there is no occasion for 
finding fault. 
Syn. HI wo iTTsu, hinak, hihto. 



HxHABA b ^N 9 n. The side of the ftbdomen. 

HiHEi b ^N ^ % 9!^ — »^ru, to become poor 
to deteriorate ; to decline, decay. 
Syn. OTOROEBU. 

Hi-Hi b k ^ ;^ n. A baboon. 

HiHo b -'MjJ PliVS — tfirw, to speak evil of 
slander, calumniate : hito wo — . 
Syn. sosHiRU, waruku-iu, higi. 

HiHo b >> ^ fH ^ ^' Dispatch ; message. 

Hi-BVO b b -Y i> 4tt ^ — «"'■"» to criticise, 

HiiBABA b ^ /Cy^ ^ Mi^ n* Great-great- 
grand motlier. 

HiiDE,-RU b >f 7 X' 91 ^'^- ^o be luxuriant, 
splendid, excellent; to be eminent, glorious; 
to surpass : hUdete minora zaru mono, luxuriant 
and bearing no fruit ; gakn ni hiideru, eminent 
in learning ; hiidetaru ko wo tateru, to per- 
form a deed of great merit ; mayu ga — , hei 
eyebrows are beautiful. 

Syn. SUGURERU, nukinderu. 

HiiJiJi b >f f-* f-' ffi ift 5C n- Great-great- 
grandfather. 

HiiKi h -4 ^ A ^ ^' Partiality; favoritism: 

— Tit sum, to .side with, favor; — wo sum, to 
be partial ; to favor one more than another ; 

— ni onion y to feel partiality ; — no hiki-daoshi, 
to injure by showing too mvch favor; — no 
katUf the persons who are on one side ; — ru 
8(ireru, to be the object of partiality or favor; 
ano hito wo — ni kmi-m, to side with a person. 

HiiMAOo b >f ^ d* ^ ^» D. Great-great- 
grandson. 
Hiiro b b >!- J,5^ n. The moth of a silkworm. 
Hui b ^' -^ The elbow, arm : — wo Aani, to 

stretch out the elbows (as in a dispute); to be 

obstinate; — wo niagete makura to turu, to 

make a pillow of the arm. 
HiJi b s? ^^ If^ n. A feast on the eve of the 

anniversary of a death. 
Hiji b f-' i)i {doro) n. Mud ; earth. 
Hi-Ji b s? f*^ ^ n> A secret : — wa meUtuge 

no gotoshi, a secret is like the eye-lash. 
Hui, Hizn b ^ i.v. To be wet ; soaked with 

water : namida ni $ode — , her sleeve was wet 

with tears. 
Syn. nurrru. 
HiJiGANE b s?^^ n. The hook whidi falls 

into til e ring or socket of a fastening. 
HuiJi b ^'f-' ^^Jl5C n- Great-grandfather. 
HijiKAKE bf-*^^ n. An elbow-rest ; a kind 

of stand. 
HiJiKAKE-isn bf-'^^'^f^^ n. An arm-cbair. 
iHiJiKASA-AMB bf-'*-9*T->' ^2i^^n. (ht, 

a rain when one makes an umbrella of bis 

arm) A sudden shower. 
HiJi-Ki b f^ ^ ^ :5c n. A wooden elbow, 

brace ; a wooden knee. 
HiJiKi bS^^'K^^u. A kind of edible 

seaweed , Sy s t o.<ieira. 
IHijiMAKi b f-' V 4* n. An armlet, or orna- 
mental baud worn on the arm. 
HiJiNi b 3? ^ ® J6. (nejini) To be starrtod to 

death : — »nra. 
Syn. GASHi. 
•IHuiNOMA b ^-V V n. i.q. doma. 



/ 



mj 



155 



HIK 



HuiRi b s^ 9 S n* A sage ; one intuitively 

wise ami good ; a virtuons Buddhist priest : 

kilffahijirij a Buddhist saint. 

Syn. 6EIJTN. 

HijiniUEN b 'F >; ^ V j^) $f§ ^ n. Bed crape. 

Hljitsubo h-fynf Mii "• A hook and 

staple hingt! ; a ball and socket joint. 
Hi-jo b 3? -y >^ ii^ {tsune wi arazn) Un- 
comuioii ; nunsual ; strauge ; extraordinary ; 
a catastrophe : — no koto ; — ni Dkii. 
Hud b 5? -V ^ ^fe fflr (^okoro arazii) Without 
feeling ; inanimate (as trees, etc.) : vjo hijo, 
animate and inanimate. 
lIiJOGi ba^-Y^r^f H^^ n. A post used 

for showin^:^ the hour by its shadow. 
HxjCTSiT bs?^^' ?.>i1^ n. Secret art or skill: 

— wo UukuMhitf^ tatakau. 
jHiKA t: fj i^ fi n. Of a different caste or 

social rank. 
HiKAx b :* ^ ^ n. Restraint, entry, note, 
ininnte, or memorandum made as a voucher ; 
anything kept in reserve ; an heir, sucoessur: 
ehdmen ni — ga ar/«, there is a memorandum 
in the ledger; — no ma^ ante-room. 
HnAK,-BU Ys Hj^a^ ^ t.v. To pull bftck ; to 
draw bnck : to restrain one's self, refrain ; to 
bold back; to hold up, support; to check, stop; 
to forbear; to jot down; to make a note of : 
nma wo — , to rein buck a horse ; sode wo 
hiknete to, to pull the sleeve (of any one 
going) and inquire ; take wo — , to diminish 
the amount of wine a person drinks ; ntrtfo 
shite hikftent, to refrain on account of dif- 
fidence; eho-men ni — , to make a memo- 
randum, or note of anything in 'a note b<'K)k ; 
hon wo hiknete ko«hakn wn kiku, to listen to 
a lecture, following it out of the book ; o hUnte 
na*are, please restrain yourself, or stop a 
little : kuchi wo — , to refrain from speaking;; 
hiknete hito wo tosu, to step back and let 
another pass; ie no mae ni ido wo — , to make 
a well near the front of a house. 
HiXAE-DASHniA h "^ ^ f* l^ y it^n. A 

prop. Syn. TsuKKAinn. 
HiKA£OAKi \i fj ^if ^ fe* ^ T^' A memo- 
randum; anote. minute, voucher; a duplicate. 
HiKARVE b ^ ^ ^ ^ n. Forbearance; 
self-restraint; moderation ; reserve; temper- 
nnce : — ni turn, to exercise moderation ; 
ktichi wo — nituni. to be moderate in talking; 
htttiji — ni nanarf, be temperate in all thiugs ; 
— no liflt, without reserve, forward. 

Sjn. nCHIBA, ENBTO. 

E[iKAESA8E,-Bn b^^lf-fe^ 4^S^ Caust. of 
hikaent. 

HiKAOAifi Is ij if I n. The popliteal space; 
hollow behind the knee. 

HiKAOB bftY $ n. Sunlight; sunshine; 
shrnle: hikttffe wo mizn ni «/ii;)^a, died with- 
ont seeing the light; hikntfe ga atntaka ni 
natia, the sun is warm; hikage mono, one 
who, for some offense, is compelled to live in 
privacy. 

Hjkaos-cho b ^ y T 7 n. A species of butter- 
fly of the genus Satyrus. 



HlKAGE-NO-KAZURA Is fj Y ? fj ^ '^ /G "^ T^ 

A species of Lycopodium, or club-moss. 

Hi-KAKi b * * )A: i}- n. A fire poker, or shovel. 

Hi-KAKU b * ^ It^ Comparison : — tnm, to 
compare. Syn. kuraberu, TAKURA*^EBu. 

HiKAKUSBi b ^ ^ >^ n. A sun-shade or screen. 
Syn. HiTOKE. 

Hi-KAN b *• V ^ ^1 n. Marasmus. 

HiKARABi,-RD b * 9 if ** PL ^ J.v. Dried and 
shriveled by the sun. 

HiKARXKA8Hi,-su )b*9*X ^ ^^ (caust. o£ 

HiKABASE,-nn I hikori) To cause to shine ; 
to make bright ; to flash. 

HiKARE,-RU b * i^ n- ^^] (pass, of hikii) To 
be led ; to be treated with partiality, favored, 
drawn, attracted, tempted ; to be influenced : 
kokorn no hikamru tokoro ga tirite tndtntUiku 
naitn koto ga dekinu, something influences his 
mind and he cannot do right. 

HiKABi b*»; ^ n. Light; lustre; radiance; 
refulgence; brightness; gloss; brilliancy; glit- 
ter; (met.) influence; power; virtue: hi no — , 
light of the sun ; — wo tsutitumu, to hide one's 
light ; — ga sanUy the light shines ; kaue 
no — , influence of money. 

HiKARi,-Ru b ^A* ^ i.v. To shine; to glitter, 
sparkle, glisten ; to be glos.sy, bright ; to flash, 
gleam : hoshi ga hiknrn, the stars sparkle ; 
Jiikari-watarn^ to glisten on all sides ; tmi- 
znma ga — , the lightning flashes. 
Syn. kagayaku, teru. 

HJKASARE,-Bn h ft -^ V^ A' fii fj\ (paRS. of 
hikasu) To be tempted, enticed, lerl astray; 
attracted, drawn : take ui hikaaarete michi wo 
somnkn, to be led astray by sake and forsake 
the right way ; oya wn ko no ni ni — , the 
parent is influenced by love to his child. 

HiKASE,-8U b ^ -te >^ or Hikashi,-8U b ^ X 
The caust. of hihn. 

HiKATA b * ^ -^ jH n. A dry sandy beach. 

HiKATA b :^^ n. A south-west wind. 

HiKATAMARi,-RU b * 3? "T >u ^ ^/^ i.v. To be 
dry and baked baud by the snn. 

Hike b ^ ^| n. Retiring; withdrawing; 
going to bed : — wo torn, to be defeated, or 
to withdraw from a contest ; — ni nnrn. 

HiKE,-RU b i^A- 51 i.v. To withdraw, retire, 
leave off ; to cheapen : baiuho ga fiiketn, the 
watch have left; nedan toa hihematten^ I 
cannot cheapen it; ban ni asa dete yngnta 
hikeruj to go out on duty in the morning, and 
leave in the eveniug; hike-kvcni, a way by 
which to retire ; mo hike masn ka, are you 
going to bed ? 

HiKEMONo \s ^^ ? ^ ify n. Second-hancl 
articles which have been forfeited and sold 
by a pawnbroker,!— na.gartf mono. 

HiKEN b ^ V ^JL (hiraki mint) To open 
and read (a letter). 

HiKEN b ^v $> JL = My (humblej opinion: 
— wo vohern. 

HiEERAKASBi,-Bu b ^ 7 * X (same as hikara- 
kasn) To cause to shine; to display in order 
to cause another to feel envious : yoi kinumo 
wo hito ni — . 



HIK 



156 



TTTUr 



HiKEsni b ^ v' ^X fM ^' ^ ^^^ eztinguiBher ; 
a fire-man : — gumi, a fire company. 

Syn. BBOBO-NIN. 

HiKERUGi.-RU b^3^4f>»' ?! 3@ i.v. Retired; 
withdrawn ; left. 

HiRETsu ^ ^y $ifc ;^ n* Constipation of 
bowels. 

HiKEisu h yy ^ V^ {yoxhi to gezti) — «itrt*, 
to reject, as a motion ; not to pass : dogi wo 
— sum, to reject a motion. 

HiKi b ^ C^ A haul ; act of hauling ; numeral 
for animals, for 2 tan, or a piece of silk of 
about 64.62 feet or 21^ yards; for ten cash; 
a draught or haul of a net : nma nambiki^ how 
many horses? ughi sainbiki, three head of 
oxen ; kinn ippiki, one piece of silk ; zeni 
jippiki, a hundred cash; ami hito — , one 
hnul of a net. 

Htki b ^ ^ n. Bull frog. Syn. kawazu. 

tHiKi b 4^ J>. A dwarf. 

HiKT,-KU b ^ §I» 5^* tv. To pull, draw, 
haul, dra^, lead, tow ; to take in one's com- 
pany; 3^ to retire, withdraw from, retreat; 
% to stretch, prolong, extend, spread ; ^ to 
ueduct, subtract ; to quote, cite ; to look for 
a word in a dictionary ; to distribute ; (^ to 
saw ; to grind ; ^ to play on a stringed in- 
fitrumeut : uma wu — , to lead a horse ; hahi 
no te wo hiite aruhu, to walk holding a 
mother's hand; ehimba wo hiite arukUf to 
walk dragging a lame leg; fune wo — , to tow 
a boat ; ilci wo — , to draw a breath ; yumi 
wo — , to draw a bow ; etu wo — , to draw a 
picture ; jin wo — , to remove a camp ; mise 
wo — , to retire from a shop (for the day) ; 
ban wo — , to leave off a watch; ami wo — , 
to drag a net; koe wo — , to utter a long 
sound ; atowo — , to hold on,, or prolong the 
doing of anything ; sakaztiki wo — , to drain 
a wine- cup ; iio wo — , to pull a string, or 
lay a rope ; kaze wo — , to catch a cold ; kyu- 
kin wo — , to cut one's wages; nedan wo — , to 
cheapen the price ; ji wo — , to look for a word 
in a dictionary ; uta wo — , to quote poetry ; 
tatoe wo — , to cite an illustration ; kuji wo 
— , to draw lots ; raibyo wa suji wo — , leprosy 
mns in the blood (or family) ; toi de yama 
kara viizu ipo — , to bring water from the 
mountain in pipes ; knwashi wo — , to pass 
round a dessert \ rd wo — , to spread wax ; 
mi wo — , to retire; kokoro wo — , to draw 
out one's opinion, to try, tempt ; ita wo — , 
to saw boards ; u$n wo — , to grind a mill ; 
kushi ico — , to make a comb (by sawing) ; 
tamisen wo — , to play the guitar ; koto wo 
— , to play a harp ; to no uchi nanatsu hiite 
mitsn nokoniy subtract seven from ten and 
three reifiains: hiki mo kirasm, without in- 
terval, in quick succession. 

Syn. MICHIBIKI, NOBASU, RHIRIIOKU, NtJKU. 

fiiKi-AGE.-BU b-t-ry*- ^1 -h t-v. To draw 
up ; to go up in price ; to promote ; to with- 
draw : 8oba wa daibun hiki-ageta, the market 
price has gone up considerably; gttnzei wo — , 
to withdraw an army. 



HiKi-Az b ^ 7 b 91 '^ n* Answerable, i» 
sponsible, implicated or involved along witb 
others; a mercantile arrangement, consalta- 
tion, conference : — wo Au, to have to answer 
for; to be implicated with others. 

HiKi-Ai.-Au b + T 7 91 •$* t.v. To pull in 
opposite directions or against each other ; to 
be answerable for, responsible for ; to be im> 
plicated, involved in, or compromised in an 
affair ; to be profitable ; to consult together : 
te wo hikiatte arukUf to walk hand in hand ; 
hikiau mono, a profitable article of sale ; hiki- 
awanu, unprofitable article or business. 

HiKi-Ai-cHo h ^T \3Ti> n- A pass-book. 

HiKi-AKB b =^T^ ^^ Q- Day-break; dawn. 
Syn. Yo-AKE. 

HiKi-AKE,-Ru b + T^A' iJI 8)! t.v. To draw 
or pull open : shoji iro — , to draw open a screen. 

Hiki- AMI b^T5 91^ n. A seine. 

Hiki- ATE h ^TT 91 "& n. Security; pledge: 
— ni suruy to give as security : iewo — ni surUf 
to give a house as secuiity; to mortgage a 
house. Syn. bhichi. 

HiKi-ATE,-Bu b4r7T>^ 91^' t-^* To place 
together in order to compare, match, or value; 
to pit against; to give as security ; to mortgage. 

HiKi-AWASB,-Bn b+T-'N-tei*' 91^^ ^''^' ^^ 
introduce, make acquainted; to draw together; 
to compare together, to collect : kono hito wo 
ano hito ni — , to introduce this man to that 
one; ingyd wo hiki-axcashite mo awanai, 
having compared the seals together, found 
they did not agree ; yoroi no hikiawane, the 
joints of armor where it is fastened together ; 
mi ni hiki-atpasete kangaete mtrit, to apply it 
to himself and ponder over it. 

HiKicHA b 4^ f- -V tK ^ D. Powdered tea. 

Syn. MATCHA. 
HlKI-CHIGAE,-RU h ^ f- ^ ^ ^ ^\ ^ ^'^' To 

dislocate ; to succeed one who has just left : 

hone wo — , to dislocate a bone ; hiki-chiga- 

ete kuru, to come in the place of one who has 

just retired. 
HiKi-DASHi b+<S^9ld:»n. A drawer. 
HiKi-DASHi,-su b^-y^^ 91^ ^'^'- To draw 

or pull out ; to find a word in the dictionary ; 

to quote, cite : ginkd kara kane wo — , to draw 

money from the bank. 
HiKi-DE-MONO b^px^.? 9l5fc#n. A 

present made to an equal or to an inferior. 
HiKino b 4^ h* 91 ^ "' ^ sliding door. 
HiKiFiTDA b^7^ 91 ^L. n. A circular, a 

handbill, notice : — wo mawasu, to circulate 

a notice ; — tco kubaruj to distribute a notice. 
HiKiFUNE b*7^ 91-ffl- n. A tow-boat, a 

tug. 
HiKiQAERu b ^ *• ^ H' n. A bull-frog. 
HiKiGANE b + *'^ 91 ^ n. The trigger of • 

gun. 
HiKiGusuRi b + J-'X 9 n* A medicine «H*pJi®** 

externally with a brush. 
HiKiHADA b^'^^ 91 J3/L n. A leather sword 

case. 
iHiKiHAoi b * ''^ ^ n. A highway robbsr. 
Syn. oiHAoi. 



TTTTC 



167 



Trnr 



HiKi-HAOT,-on (ooU. hippagi) b4^^>/ fj\ M 
t.v. To' pall or strip off a covering, clothes, 
or skin. 

HiKi-HANA8Hi,-8iT (coU. hippanasht) b 4» ^'^ ■^ X 
§1 ^ t-v. To pull apart; to separate by 
pulling ; to pull off, as a branch. 

HiEi-HABi,-Bn (coll. ^t2>pan) b 4^^n^ ?I % 
t.v. To pull; to stretch; to make taut, 
make tense. 

Hii[i-HA8AMi,-MU (ooll. hippagauii) b ^ >^1^ a 
91 ^ ^•^' ^o take up anything with two 
bticks ; to place between two things. 

Hixi-HATAKB,-Rn (coll. hippatakc) b 4^ -'> i^ ^ ^ 
91 R ^'^' '^o P^^ op^i^ ^^ apart, as the 
eyelids, month, etc. 

HiKi-RATAKi,-KU (coU. hippataki) b ^^^St 9 
f^\ f>p t.v. To beat, as in dusting a mat. 

HiKi-HAZU8Hi,-su (coU. hipjpazutlii) b 4* -'^ 5^ X 
?j\ ^ t.v. To pull out of its place, or from 
its fastenings, as a door or screen. 

HiKii,-Ki-KD-8Hi bt>f ilS; adj. Low; i.q. 
hikni. 

HiKii.-Bu b =1" # A- ^ t.v. To lead, com- 
mand, head, conduct; to bring: gunzei wo 
hikiite teki no $hiro %oo semeru, to lead an 
army and attack an enemy's castle. 

HiKiiBE.-RU b4r>f wX' 91 A t.v. To pull 
in ; to lead in ; seduce ; entice ; persuade to 
enter. 

ELiKi-iBO b 4^ >f n 91 & °* Appearance of 
retreating ; to look like giving away or with- 
drawing : gunzei ga — ni nam. 
Syn. UAXE-iBo. 

tHiKijiBoi,-on b + 3^ P 7 t.v To drag along 
the ground ; to haul. 

Syu. HIKIZUBU. 

fiiKi-KABUBi,-BU (coU. hikkahuH) M^-fffA' 
91 ^ ^•^- ^o draw anything over the 
Lead. 

HiKiKAE b % ^ ^ n. Exchange. 

Hisi-KAK,-Bn b^*^-*' 91 # *'^» To ex- 
change ; to turn back ; to be contrary to : tore 
ni hikikaete^ on the contrary. 

HiKi-KAE8Hi,-BU (coU. ?iikkae$hi) b 4^ ^ ^ :^ 
91 3&. t.v. To draw or pull back ; to turn 
over; to lead back; to retract, withdraw; 
to go back, retrace. 

Hixx-KAzs b^^-tf9lJSn. A cold, catarrh : 
— wo thiiUy have caught a cold. 

HiKi-XAzuKi,-K0 (coll. hikkuzuki) b * * ^ ^ 
91 ?& t.v. To throw over the head. 

-fHixxKit-xn-SHi b ^ i' adj. i.v. hikuki, 

HlKI-KOMI^-MU b 4^ 9 A 91 3> t.V. To 

draw into ; to persuade, induce or entice to 
enter ; to draw in, contract ; to embezzle ; to 
retire from business; to be confined, as to 
the house. 

HiKi-KoiioBi,-BU ti ^ za^A' 91 IE ^'^' ^o be 
coDfined to the house, shut up, immured, 
as within the house or castle. 

HiKi-KOAHi,-8n (coll. hikkoBhi) b ^ 3 :^ 91 ^^ 
t.v. To remove one's dwelling ; to move irom 
cue hoafu) to another ; to change one's resi- 
dence. 

Syn. ITEM BOBU, TBNTAKU SUXtU. 



HiKi-KOTO b + 3h 91^"- ^ quotation, 
citation : — ni dtiHu ; — wo »wrM. 

HlKI-KUDAKI,-KD \l ^ if jit ^ 9| F^ t.V. To 

break, or grind to pieces. 
HiKi-KUMi,-HU (coll. hikkumi) b ^ ^ a 91 $a 
i.v. To be clasped together (as wreHtlers;. 

HlKI-KlIBABB,-RU bt^9-<>^ 9|^ t.V. To 

compare. 

HiKi-MADO b ^ ^ 1* 3: S "• A. slidiug 
wiudow in the roof. 

HiKi-MATOUEj-RU b4^-rf^jt^ 91^ t'^- To- 
collect in a pile; to gather ; to usserable. 

HiKi-MAWASHi b ^ -^ '^ y u. A scroU-saw ;. 
leading about a criminal before execution. 

HlKI-MAWA8HI,-SU b =lr ^ '^ ^ 91^ t-^'- Ta 

lead about ; to pull around ; to employ oc 

order about : zai-nin wo nho-tho ye — . 
HiKi-MB b 4^ > iSfe S n. An arrow with » 

perforated head ; a kind of conjuration by. 

means of a bow and arrow, for the purpose uf 

nullifying evil influences : — no juUu. 
Hnci-Mi,-RU M ^ \ A- 91 ^ t.v. To try, 

prove, tempt: hito no ki wo — . 
HiKi-M0DO8Hi,-8D b 4r ^ 1^ :^ 91 >^ *-^- To. 

lead, draw, or pull back. 
HiKi-2fooi,-ou b * ^ y t.v. To twist off; 

to wrench off. 
HiKi-MONO b ^ ^ >^ 91 ^ i^* Articles turned in< 

a lathe ; a dessert of fruit, or confectionery, 

or articles brought on the table merely for 

show. 
HnLi-nuKE,-Bn b ^ a ^ n- 91 I^J *-^* To pull- 

in front of, pull opposite to. 

HlKI-MU8HIBI,-Rl7 \i ^ A l^ A' 9| j& t.V. To 

pluck off, as grass, without eradicating. 
HiKi-MUBDBi b + A >^ tT n. A bow-knot. 

HlKI-MUSDBI,-Bl7 b + A >^ T' i}\H^ t.V. To 

draw and tie in a knot. 

HlKI.NABASHI,-8D b ^ -^ ^ X ^ tfe t.V. To 

twang, or play, as on a guitar; (9I ^) to 
level, make even. 

HlKI-N0BASHI,-8U b 4* ^ ^^^ 91 ?4 ^'^' To pull 

and lengthen ; to stretch. 
HiKi-NOBE,-BU b ^ 7 ^ ^ 91 34 t'^' To- 

lengthen by pulling ; to stretch. 
HiKi-NOKE.-BU b + .? ^ Ju 91 a]^ t.v. To pull 

to one side, or out of the way ; to pull from. 

amongst others ; to subtract. 
HiKi-NOKOBi h^ 7 =» ^) 9| ^ ^* The balance 

of an account ; the remainder, after deducting 

a pnrt. 

fllKI-NUKI,-KU b * 5C ^ 91 ^ t.v. To pull 

up by the roots ; to extract, eradicate ; to pick 

out, select. 
Hl-KXM-ZOKU b =¥ 2^ y* ^ ^^ ^ A °* ^^^ 

metallic. 
iHiKi-oBi b + 7 if n. A narrow bejt. 
HiKi-oi b^F^i'b 91^^* ^ debt, obligation,. 

or liability incurr^ in trade ; defaloation : — 

ga dekita, have incurred a debt. 
HiKi-oKo8Hi,-8n b 4r i" 3 ^ 91 ^ ^'^* To puU 

aud make to stand up ; to raise up. 

HlKI-0B08HI,-8U b ^ t" W X 9) ^P t.V. To 

help down ; to pull or drag down fi'om a higli- 
place. 



HIE 



158 



HIK 



/HiKi-OTosHit-sn b 4* i" f X ?I ?t t.v. To pull 

down ; pull off so as to fall ; to remove coiifee- 

tioneiy from the table after an entertainment; 

% ]t^ to subtract. 
-^HiKiBi b 4» 9 n. Bice cake ; dry sticks, by 

the rapid friction of which fire is kindled. 
.Hm-BABAKi.-KU (coll. /^iMa&a/(f) h ^ "f ^* ^ 

91 ^] t.v. To pull and tear. 
HiKi-SAOABi.-Ku b^-^-^'jt' §1 T i-V' To be 

pulled down ; to be abased, humbled. 
Hiiu-SAGE,-BU {coll, hit$age) b^^l^y*- 51 i| 

i.v. To fall in price. 
HiKi-BAKi,-KU b + 1^ ^ 51 fj t.v. To tear, 

rend. 
HiKi-sHiBABi,-BU {coll. Iiitckibart) b '^i^ y<A^ 

51 $9 ^^ ^i^> hind, as a criminal. 
HiKi-SHiBOBi,-Bn b 4r v' ?5f A* ^\ pji t.v. To 

draw, as a how. 
HiKiSHio b "^ 5^ih 51 v^ Ebb-tide. 
HiKi-sHiBAi,-Au b 4* 5^ n 7 i.v. To be long, 

protracted, dela3'ed, lingering, slow : zenkwai 

to mietemo tokaku hiki-thirau^ although I am 

convalescing it is very slow. 

Syn. HAXADOBANU. 
HlKI-SHIBlZOKI,-KU b ^ ^ 9 V*^ 51 iS ^'^' 

To retreat, retire, withdraw, leave. 
HiKi-soE,-BD b^V'^/i' 5MT^ ^•^' To draw 

near, bring close, hold close to. 
Hiki-sc''ma8HI,-bu b + X -r 5^ t.v. To play 

skillfully on the harp. 
Hiki-tagaete b ¥ S if ^ T adv. On the 

coLitraiy ; on the other hand. 

SyU. KAETTE. 
HlKI.TA08HI,-SU b =^ if 7 X 51 ^] t.v. To pull 

over anything standing ; to pull down. 

HlKI-TATE,-RU U ^ fiT ^ 51 ^ ^•^- To puU 

up ; to pull and make erect ; to favor ; to 
promote; to excite, rouse : i/nhi wo — . 

HlKI-TAWAME,-BU h ^ Jt V J* ^ 5| t{ *•▼• To 

pull and bend down, as the branch of a tree. 
HiKiTE b 4» T 51 ^ "• A knob; a catch in a 
screen to open and abut it by. 

HlKI-TODOMB,-BU b 4^ h I* > >l' 51® t.V. To 

pull and stop; to detain ; to stay, withhold. 

HiKi-TOME,-RD b 4^ > ^ A" 51*^ t.V. Same 
as hiki-todomeru. 

HiKi-TORi,-RU b 4^ > J*' 51 ^ *•'• To take or 
bring away; to take back ; to remove; to with- 
draw ; to draw, as money from a bank ; to 
become skillful in playing upon the harp : 
iki 7C0 — , to expire. 

HiKi-TORi-NiN b ^ > 9 ^ V n. A buyer ; a 
receiver of goods ; a person who receives the 
corpse of one executed and buries it. 

HiKi-Toai-TADO b 4^ h 9 -V I* n. A commis- 
bion merchant. 

HiKi-TsuKE,-BU \i^ y ^ fi- 51 5f t-v. Todraw 
close to '- to have a fit ; to be convulsed ; to 
faint. 

HiKi-TSUKDRoi,-ox; b + 5^ ^ n 7 ^,\ t'$ t.v. 
To pull and adjust one's clothes ; tu nund. 

.HlKI-TSCME.-RU h ^ y Ji y^ 51 t^ t.v. To 

draw and tighten, as anything slack; to 
contract ; to straiten : yumi tco — , to draw a 
bow to its full extent. 



HlH-TSURB,-BIT b + 5^ W H- 51 3? *-^- '^^ 

lead ; to take along with ; to take itX company. 

iaiKi-TSURi,-RD b 4r y 'A' ^Sj *p i.v. To be 
cramped, contracted, drawn together, as in 
cramp: yakedo no ato ga hikiUuttt oru, the 
cicatrice of the burn is contracted. 

HiKi-TSiiztiKi,-Ku ^ ^ y */ i^ 51 fli ^•^* 
To continue a length of time ; to succeed in a 
long series ; to be long continued. 

HiKi-uKE,-Ru b ^ T> ^ /I' 51 ig^ i.v. To engage; 
to undertake ; to contract ; to be responsible 
for ; to take, receive : mi no ue ni — , to take 
upon one's self. 

HiKi-uMA \i ^-fy-r n. A horse led in a proces- 
sion for ornament, not for use. 

HiKi-usu M^^ 7^ ^fM °- A mill stone. 

HiKi-WAK£,-BU h ^ 9 ir A^ 5l ^ *-^* To pull 
apart, separate, as two men fighting ; to part. 

HiKi-WARi,-BU b 4i !7 lu tfe ♦*] t.v. To saw 
in two. 

HiKi-wAKi b 4" 7 9 ^^] n. A kind of 
coarsely ground barley ; cracked wheat. 

HiKi-WATA8ni,-su b 4r !7 5r 5^ 51 /St t-^- To 
pjiss over, hand over, deliver up. 

HiKI-YABURI.-AU \i ^ ^ ■/ Ji- 5l ft ^''^•' To 

pull and tear. 

hIwbI^aI *^*^* ^j- ^^» not high or UlL 
HiKi-YARi,-Ru b -I* -y A' t.V. To draw to one 

side (as a curtain) ; to tear up (as a letter) : 

kaija hikiyarite irtt, to draw the mosquito net 

and enter. 
HiKiYOMOGi b 4^ 3 ^ 4^ n. The name of a 

plant ; wormwood ; Siphonostegia chinensis. 
HiKi-YosE.-BU b 4» 3 -ts ^i' 51 ^ *-^' To pull, 

or lead near ; to draw near, approach. 
HiKiTUBU h^'fy ^ §1 (same as hikiiru) To 

lead, command, conduct : gunzei tco — , to 

lead an army. 
HiKi-zuMi b 4^ -^ ^ n. Sealing by an ink 

mark ; blacUening : — $uru. 
HiKizuRi b 4^ :< 9 n- A slattern; an idle, 

lazy woman. 
HiKi-zDRi,-RtJ b + pf A' 51 ffl *-'^* To drag 

along the ground ; to pull or haul along, as 

something heavy. 
HiKizuRi-EoMi,-Mn b 4^ 5f 9 3 A t.v. To drag 

into ; to allure, entice, draw or attract ; 

ensnare ; to take by stealth ; to steal. 
HiKKA \2y ^ IPE ^ «• A pen-rest, pen-rack. 
HiSKAGAMi h y :fj if I 18 »• The hollow 

behind the knee, popliteal space. 
HiEKAEAE,-Rn (kikikakue) b 4^:^ v ^-vA- 51 ^^ 

t.v. (coll.) To take, embrace, or cany in or 

under the arm : hon wo loaki ni — . 
HiKKAKARi,-Rn {lUki-kakaH) li ^ :fj fj a- 5| 4^ 

i.v. (coll.) To be caught, hooked, hitched, or 

entangled in anything : takana ga fiari ni — . 
HiKKAKE,-RC (hiki-kake) b 4» * >" /i' 5| t*!" *-▼. 

(coll.) To hitch, hook, catch, or fasten on to 

anything. 
HiKKARAGE,-Ru {Itiklkamge) b 4^ * ^ y*- t.T. 

(coll.) To bind, as a bundle. 
HiKK.\TSU0i,-GU (hikikatsngi) b7^7/9|IS 

t.v. (coll.) ' Same as kattugi. 



TTTR 



159 



HIM 



Eisxi b 7 ^ HE $& n. A joaraal, note-book ; 

a note or memorandam: — cunc, to take 

notes. 
Hisk5 b 7 ^ ^ HE # (fude de tagayatv)^ n. 

Making a baeiness of copying, or living by 

writing : hikkd-kakif a copyist. 
HiKKOEAsm,-8u b y 3 * 5^ 91 B|^ **^- (eoll.) 

To pull over ; to pull down anything. 
HiKKOMi,-vn }s y a M (see hikikomi) ^] 3^ 

i.v. (coll.) To draw back ; to be sank in or 

hollowed ; to be confined to the house ; take 

in. 
HiKKosBi b 7 =1 2^ ^^^ ^ T^' Bemoving one's 

residence to another place. 

Syn. TENTAKU. 
HlKKUKURI,-RU b^^^A' ?I^t.V. (coU.) 

To bind, tie ; to choke. 

HlKKURI-KAE,-RU h V ^ ^ fj ^ 3t^ 9P|M >•▼• 

(coll.) To be upset, capsized, overturned, 
overset : to turn about. 

HlKKClU-KAK8HI,-BU h "7 ^ ^) fj ^^f, JS^I *-^' 

(coll.) To upset, capsize, overset, overturn. 
HixKTo b 7 4" -Y !> ^ ^ adv. After all ; in 
the end; merely; only; finally; in short: 
$ei to jo to tcakete wa iedo, hikkyo kokoro no 
koto ja, although divided into what is called 
$ei and JO, it is after all the mind only. 

Sjn. SHOSEN, TSUMASI. 

HiKo b 3 vfl /^ n. The uvula. - 

HiKo b =1 ^ ^n. Great-grandson. 

fHiKo [ b 3 n. An honorable title affixed to 

HiKoji j the name of a man or god : as Naga- 
sniie hiko no mikoto^ or Vmaslii ashikabi 
hikoji no mikoto. 

Hiko b a i> ]^l lK n. i.q. hikaktt. 

HiKoBAE b 3 ^^'^ fl n. The sprouts which 
shoot up from the stump of a tree, or after 
grain has been cut. 

Hico-BosHi b 3 4f i^ $ £ ^< "^^^ name of 
two stars (Aquila) near the milky way, wor- 
shipped on the 7th day of the 7th month (o.c.) ; 
the herd boy. Syn. bengyO, inukaibosbi. 

f HlKOJIBOX,>OU ) . _ J -I ••• 

HlKOZURAT,-AU / «= => '^ " ^ ^'^' ^^^^^J^rOU. 

HiEOKu b =J ^ =te "S" (leg.) n. The defend- 
ant ; the accused : — niiij id. 

fHiKouiKo b =3 ^ =1 n. A male child (of a 
gotl or of tjje Temhi). 

HiEuz,-Ki-8Hi b ^ >f ;|L or ^ adj. Low; not 
high : sei ga — , short in stature ; koe ga — , 
the voice is low ; yaku ga — , low in office ; 
hikni yavia^ a low hill ; hikni ki^ a low tree. 

HiKrii>OBi b ^ b )^ 9 n. (lit. fire-eating bird) 
The cossowary, Casuarius impicus. 

Hjetkh or HieO b ^ ^ adv. Low : }d ga — 
natta, the sun is low ; hito ni — deru, to take 
a low place before others; — suru^ to make 
low. 

HiKUMKEi.-KU b ^ > ^ i.v. (coll.) To jerk, 
twitch, or start, as in sleep. 
Syn. BiEVTsuEn. 

ELmvwLAsni b ^ 9 i^ n. Passing the time; 
8p«!nding the day ; the whole day. 

HiKOKA b^-9* ^ n. The lowness, shortness ; 
Ibe height, as of stature. 



HiKUTSU \i ^ y ^ J& adj. Slavish; menial; 
servile; mean. 

Syn. HIRETSU, ITASHII. 

HiKWAN h ^ V y ;^ '^ T (of an official 
speaking humbly of himnelf). 

Hi-KYAKU b ^ -V ^ fi\J^ n. A postman, 
courier. 

Hi-ETo \i ^ -y ^ ^ ^ Craven-hearted; 
cowardly ; weak-hearted : limid : — na yatm^ 
a cowardly fellow. 
Syn. ozuBTo, koshinuke. 

Hi-KYOKU b 4^ 3 ^ ?^ db »• Secret art, or 
accomplishment (only said of music). 

HmA b V P5R» o' Pnl ^' Au interval or space 
between things; spare, unoccupied or uuem- 
ployed time ; leisure ; time ; opportunity ; 
occasion ; pretext ; cause of quarrel ; breach of 
friendship ; discord : — ga tki /, have no time, 
no leisure ; — ga kakarn. takes time ; hima 
kara kaze ga tosu^ the wind blows through tiie 
crack ; hiina na toki^ a time of leisure ; h'nna 
na hitOt a man out of employment, or who lias 
not much to do; hima no aki »hidai yuki- 
mathoj I will go as soon as I have time ; hima 
wo <2<i«ti, to dismiss (as a servant); hima wo 
yarn, id.; — wo negau, or — wo ku, to ask for 
dismission (from employment) ; — wo mornn, 
to get a dismission; — wo oshiniu, to grudj^o 
the time ; — wo mtsuma, to steal time ; — 
wo ukagauy to watch for an opportunitj' ; — 
ga iru, to require time ; — wo tsuiyasa, to 
waste time; — no koma (time's horse), the 
flight of time ; — wo kuy to take time. 
Syn. SUEI, ITOMA, sukiha, aida. 

Hima b ^ ^ ift i^* The Castor-oil plant; 
Biciuus communis. 

Himachi b V -f- g f# n- The worship of the 
rising sun. 

HiMADORi,-RO b -r »? ^ p^, JR i.v. To take 
time, be slow, tardy, dilatory, late ; to delay : 
michi de himadotte osoku kita, by delaying on 
the way he was late in arriving. 

Syn. TEMA wo TORU, HIMA-IRU. 

HtMA-iRi,-RU b -r -( A' pf, X i-v- To take time; 

to require time in doing anything. 
HiMA-KCi b ^ ^ b n. Consuming or wasting 

time; taking time. 
HiMAN \s^ iy ^3(5 adj. Corpulent ; fat : — na 

hito ; — HHia. 
HiiiASHi h ^ s^ ;S|f fiS ^ n. Castor bean : 

— no ahuYti, castor oil. 
HiMASHi b V 5^ n. Kept too long ; not fresh 

(of fish, flesli, etc.): kono takana wa — da, 

this fish is not fresh. 

Syn. HIGARAI. 

Hi-MASHi-Ni b -r s^ ^ Q ^iJ adv. Daily more 
and more ; increasing day by day : — uiubai 
ga yokn nam, he is getting better daily. 

Hi-MAWARi b ▼ ^> 9 1^7 ^ 1$ n. The sun- 
flower. 

HiMAZE NI b "T -{/ ^ adv. Every other dny; 
on alternate days. 

Syn. iCHi NicHi OKI ni, kaku-jitsu. 

HiMBo b fr' 4f tfk Jji (mesa o«/«) Male and 
female; the sex: nshi no — ; — wo mi-wakeru. 



HIM 



160 



HIN 



QiMB b > )£ n. A princess, lady (used of the 
daughter of a noble: applied to plants signifies 
small or delicate) : o — tama. 

HiiiB,-Bn b > ^ $3k t.v. To hide, conceal ; to 
keep private : hime-oku^ to hide aw.ay. 
Syn. BisuRU, xasubu. 

HiMEBACHi b ^ ^^f- n. The Ichneumon fly. 

HiME-oAKi M ;n -ff ^ "ic^ °* ^ parapet, 
battlement. 

HiMEGiMi b>^^$S^n. A princess. 

HiMBGOTo h ji ^ y ^^ "f. n. A secret. 
Syn. Hrji. 

HiMBGUBuui b > /iw ^ n. Walnut. 

^iMBHAoi b > ^^ ^^ n. The Milkweed, Folygala 
japouioa. 

HiMEHAjiMB b > ^N s? > n. The first needle- 
work of a new year. 

Hi-MEi b > >f a ^ {temme ni arazu) Not 
according i o the usual course of nature ; un- 
natural ; accidental ; violent : — no 8hi wo 
nam^ to die an unnatural death. 
Syn. osHi. 

flnfEi \s >t ^ ^ |g n. An inscription on a 
monument. 

HiMEJi b > 'f- n. A fish of the MuUus genus, 
the suimuUet. 

iHiafEKABUBA \i jn lay^ u. A grooved arrow- 
head. 

HiMEKuzu b > ^ ^ n. A species of gram, or 
bean. 

HiMEMATSU h >f T y n. A species of pine, of 
R slender or delicate leaf. 

HiMEMiEo b > ^ a n. The daughter of the 
Emperor, a princess. 

HiMEMiYA b > ^ -Y iE*^ n- A princess (only 
applied to the daughter of the Mikado). 

HiMBMosu b ^ % 7^ t^^ ady. The whole 
day. 

Syn. shOjitsu. 

HiMBNORi \3 jn J ^) ^ ^ n. A paste or starch 
made of rice flour. 

HiME0Ki,-xn b > 7 ^ t.7. To conceal, hide, 
secrete. 

Syn. KAKDSU. 

HiMBTsuBAKi b ^ ^ ^< ^ n. The wax tree, 
same as mochi. 

HiMEUBi b > ^ 9 ii^ /}\ n. A kind of melon. 

HiMETURi b.j'atV ^"^"^ n- A species of 
lily, the Lilium callosum. 

HiME-zuTA b ^ ^ ^ n. A kind of vine. 

HiMiTsu \i \ y ijf^^ n, A secret, mystery: 
— %co iUf to tell a secret ; — too arawasn^ to 
reveal a secret. 

HiMiza b ? 7^ 19 51^ S- n. The ground rat ; 
• a species of shrew, or sorex. 
Syn. jiNEZDMi. 

fHiMizu b 5 y n. Ice- water. 

HiMizn-OKB h 1 ^:t ^ )^7Ktfin. A brew- 
er's vat. 

HiMSfiN b 5^ 5 V IJf ft "• I*«or people ; the 
poor ; the indigent. 

HiMo b * te "• ^ ^^^^^ braid, ribbon : — wo 
mnmOit ; — wo tokn. 

Hi-MOCHi b % f* >A: t^ n. Lasting in the fire ; 
standing the fire; not quickly consumed: 



kono sumi wa — ga ii, this charcoal does not 

bum away rapidly ; — ga warui^ very com. 

bustible. 
HiuoDE b * ^ r Q IS n- Daily visiting the 

temples for devotion : — wo surti, 
Syn. NISSAN. 
Hmo-GATANA b ^ dtr jr -^ u. A dirk, dagger, 

stiletto. 
HiM0Jiz,-Ki-xn-8Hi b * 5? -( adj. Hungry : — 

gant, to be hungry ; hivwjikti nai\ not hungry. 

Syn. HIDABUI, UEBU, HABA OA HEBU. 

HiMojisA b ^ P -9* n. The state or degree of 
hunger. 

Hi-moKaoami \2^:nif I 7K ^ $E °* ^^^ ^^ 
as a mirror. 

HiMO-KAGAUi ^^ij if ^ Ja jjg n. A small 
metal mirror having a cord attached to it. 

HiMOKUGYO b^^^fg >t@j??» (same as 
hiravie) n. The sole fish. 

HiMO-MUSHi b ^ A i/ n. A kind of earth- 
worm, 

HiMON b % V $^ ^ n. A secret sentence 
used by conjurers ; a charm ; an incantation: 
— wo tonaete arm wofuraseru^ to use incauta- 
tions and bring rain. 

HiMONO b ^ 7 -^f* 2^7 n. Dried fish. 

HiMONO b % >/ ttf '^ "• Articles made of 
the hinokif such as pill-boxes, small plain 
boxes, etc. • 

HiMONosHi h^ 7 ^ ^^$i^ D- The maker 
of articles made of the hinoki» 

HiMOBOGi b ^ n ^ SS ^- Flesh offered in 
sacrifice to the gods; a hedge of hhwki 
around a miya. 

HiM0SASHi,-8U b * ■9" X. t.v. To cord : haon 
wo — , to tie the cord of a coat. 

HiMOTO b * > >^ TC >*• The place where 
fire is used, or where a conflagratiou com- 
mences. 

HiMOTsu }i^y iii^ {kattuge mom) n A 
reward, present. 
Syn. HOBi. 

HiMPU b V :/ 'jt' ^ [mazuthiki toment) fiich 
and poor. 

HiMPTd bVtf-Y^ w^ — »««*» to criticise 
the quality or grade of articles: Bhina-numa 
wo — suru, 

HiMUBO b A p )^ £ n. An ice;houBe. 

HiMusHi b A s^ n. The fire-fly ; i.q. hotaiM. 

HiN b i^ ji* {maztuhii) Poor; 'poverty : — 
jtn, a poor man; — ni semaru, to be strait- 
ened with poverty ; — tureba don nirti, when 
a man becomes poor he becomes stupid ; — 
Kiirn toki wa nimivii wo suru (prov,), poverty 
leads to theft ; — no nutumi, a theft instigated 
by poverty. 

HiN bv ^ (shina) n. Kind; sort; quality: 
jo-hxHy superior quality ; ge-hin, inferior qual* 
ity ; — no yoi hito, a fine- looking man. 

Syn. KUBAI, GABA. 

HiNA, or HiiNA b -^ 9(1 n. A chicken, young 
bird; small images, or toys set out on ih» 
festival of the 3rd day of the 3rd month (o.e.), 
called hina no sekku, or hina no matnm : -^ 
dorit a young bird. 



mN 



161 



HIN 



Tbe country; rural; 
To be countrified, 



HniA b -^ As (inaka) n 
rustic : — buri, rnstio. 

HiMABi,-BO h + H^A' I? i.v. 
rustic, clownish, awkward. 
Syn. nvAKAMSKU, itashii. 

HiNABiTO b't'if> A( A (inahnmouo) n. A 
countryman, villager ; a rnstic. 

HiHABUBZ b -^ :/ 9 n. Country fashion, or 
style; clownish. 

Ed(ae,-bu b -^ -siju i(t ^ i.Y. To be wilted 
by the heat of the sun ; to be flaccid by dry- 
ing (as a fresh leaf). 

Syn. BBINABIBU. 

HiNAOATA n -J- if St 9^fl^ n. A plan, design, 
model ; a table ; a foim of a writing, copy ; 
an emblem, type : ie no — wo hiku, to draw a 
plan of a house. 

IHiNAGviioBi b ■^ /* 9 n. Cloudy weather. 

EiNAKA b -h :9 Q ^ During the day ; in 
day-light, day-time, noon : hint /ttnafta, id. 
Syn. HiBtr, HAKucHtT. 

EiHAMi b ■^ ^ ig ^ Daily ; every day ; day 
after day ; ordinarily : — ni kin jU ryO zutsu 
wo etc Uuki ni tftura, if a person gains ten 
ryd a day, how much will he gain in a 
month? 

Syn. KTCHI-KICBI, HAI-MICHI. 

HiMAN b -h V ^^ Xl n. Speaking evil of ; 
censure; fault-finding: — «iirv, to criticise, 
censure ; — wo f u. 

Syn. HIHAN, SOBHIBI. 

HnvASHi b -^ s^ g 3F n. Money borrowed to 
be repaid with interest by daily instalments : 
— wo kam ; — pane; — • gashi. 

HnvATA b •?• if ^ (^ n. Sunshine ; a sunny 
place : — ni trii to doku da, it is hurtful to be 
in the snn ; hinata-kutai^ stinking from ex- 
posure to the sun. 

HlNATA-BOKO, Or HlNATA-BOKORI b "h i? ijf 3 

a IS (coll.) Basking in the sun ; — surUf 
to bask in the sun. 
Hinatsubosbi ii-^vi^ i^ n. The name of a 

planet. Mars. 
Syn. KWASBi. 
HiXAWA h-^^^ :KW n, A rope- match for a 

match-lock. 
HiNAWAZUTSu b■^«7'/!^'>>C^Stn. A 

match-lock. 
HiNAZUBu b-^t^>v|^^n. A young 

crane. 
HiNCHi bi'f- iitJifc n. A poor temple; poor 

soil ; barren country. 
Hisrnd b V ^ i> iC af (lit. poor in the 

way or doctrine) pron. I^nsed by Bud. priest). 
HiNB Is ^ ^ (furu) Old ; not new or fresh : 

hine-gome, old rice ; tane ga — de haenu, the 

seed 18 old and will not germinate. 
HiKs,-BU b ^ A' i.v. To be old; to be musty, 

or wither^. 
HiirBBiNZ8BiRi,-xu b^'if^i'%' adj. Old: 

— kame, old rice. 
Syia. FUBUKi. 
Hjhskkobi,-bu b ^ 7 3 tf A' i.v. (coll.) To 

be prematurely old ; to be young, and yet old 

in appearance and manner. 
31 



HZNBKURI,-BU b ^ ^ A' t.V. (coll.) To twlsi, 

or i-oU in the fingers ; to turn ; to sorew s kifj3 

wo — , to use high-flown language. 
HlNXSURI-UAWASHI,~8n b^^9v^^5^ ^¥6 

t.V. (coll.) To twirl in the fingers ; to play 

with, or turn about in the hands. 
HiNBMosu b ^ % X a^ ^ adv. Same aa 

himemont, 
HiNBBi b ^ 9 n- A present of money twisted 

up in a scrap of paper : o hineri wo morau, 
HiNBBi,-BU b ^ ^ til t.V. To twist, or roll in 

the fingers ; to screw, turn ; to knead : koyoH 

wo — , to twist paper ; nomi wo — , to roll a 

flea (in the fingers) ; mi wo — , to twist the 

body around ; hineri-te, one who uses difficult 

language. 
Syn. NEJiBu. 
HiifERi-BUMi h^ ^ y I ^4r >i* A note 

fastened by being twisted or folded instead of 

being sealed. 
HiNBzoMi b ^ 5f 5 >k SC pit- fire-rat) — no 

kegoromOf clothes made of asbestos ; — no 

kawa-goromOf id. 
HiNOASHi ]hi^ifl^ n. The east; eastern; 
HiMUOASHiJ i.q. higashi, 
HiKicHi b ~ f- >!: El (same as hi) n. (coll.) 

Day : — ni, daily. 
fHiMiGEMi b^y^ adv. Daily; i.q. higenl. 
HiNiKU b ^ ^ 8C ^ °- S^^i> ^^d flesh. 
HiNiN b ^ V ^t A ('**'o w* o^'razu) One so low 

as not to be regarded as a man; a beggar; 

a leather dresser. Syn. eta. 
Hn^KA b V ^ ^ tL (mazushiki ie) A poor 

family. 
HiMKAKu b V ^ ^ ^ tS- n. The grade, 

quality, character, rank. 

Syn. SINAOARA. 

HiNEAKU b i^ :fr ^ 9r S^ (marddo) n. A guest 
(at a feast). 
Syn. KTAJCUJiN. 

HiMKAsu b V :)!r ^ ^ ^ n. (gram.) Objective 
case.- 

HxNKBi b V ^ >f ffbtk (mendori) n. A hen : 
— no a*hiia auru wa kore ie no kuzururu nari 
(prov.), the crowing of a hen is a sign of the 
ruin of a family. 

HiNKBTSu bi^iry 'Jt' jfei n. (med.) Anemia. 

HnTKd b vj!r ♦ p*» ft »• Conduct; behavior; ' 
character. 

HiNKON b i^ 3 V jf" B n. Poverty; indi- 
gence. 

HiNKU b V ^ H" ^ {mazushiki kimtshimi) 
Poor and distressed ; poverty. 

HinktO b 5- =^ ifir It" ^ Poverty ; indigence ; 
want; penury : — na mono; — ni kurasn; — 
de komarn. 

HiNNYo b i^ ^ 3 Ht "ic (mazushiki ouTia) A 
poor woman : ehSja no mando yori hinnyo no 
itto, the one light (offered to the kami) of a 
poor woman is better than ten thousand 
offered by a rich man. 

HiNOBB h J ^ ^ ?^ 13. Extennion of time; 
postponement : - — wo mru, to extend ths 
time, to postpone ; — wo negau^ to ask for an 
extension of time. 



HIN 



162 



HIR 



HxNODE h J T B} ^ n. Sunrise. 

HiMoiN b >; ^ V >^ j^p n. A kind of oon- 

jaration, in which, by folding the fingers 

together in a certain way and repeating 

incantations, fire is kindled (used by yama- 

buithi) 
HiNOiai b y ^f 9 Q A n. Sunset. 
HiMOKi b ^ 4" t# u. A species of pine, the 

Thuya obtasa. 
HiNOKo b > =1 )K^ n Sparks or flakes of 

fire: — ga tobu. 
HiNOKOBOMO b>^=iP%il9)^n. A crimson 

garment. 
fHiNOKOTo b >; a h n. A fire, conflagration. 

Syn. KWAJi. 
HiNOKDCHi \3 J ^ ^ ^ P n. A gate for 

dosing an aqueduct ; flood-gate. 
Syn. STJiMON. 
HiNOKUBUMA by'^A'V >^ $ u. The oaT of 

fire in which the souls of the wicked are said 

to be taken to hell (Budd.) ; (met.) poverty. 
HiNOMABu b ^ -r A' 13 ^ n. The Japanese 

flag of a red ball on a white ground, rep- 
resenting the sun. 
HiNOME b ^ ^ n. The sun; the sun -light: — 

mo minat, does not see the sun. 
HiNOMi b >? 5 >^ ^ n. A fire lookout. 
iHiNOMiXADo Is ^ ^ fj iP n. The Impeiial 

court. 

Syn. ch5tei. 
iHiNOMiKO h J % :3 n. The son of the sun, 

the Emperor. 
■f-HiMOHiTsuNA b >; ^ 9 -^ n. i.q. thimenawa. 
HnioMiYAOuBA b >/ 5 -Y / 9 M 9C^i ^* ^ 

fire-tower, watch, or lookout. 

HiNOMONODACHI h J ^ ^ ^ i" >'>C#I8 »• 

Abstinence from all cooked food in perfor- 
mance of a vow. 

HiNOMOTo b >? * > 19 ;^ n. Japan ; >Jc tC 
a fire place : — go yojin noiaret be careful of 
yoar fire-places. 

IHiNo-OMASHi b >/ 9 V $^ n. The parlor in 
which the Emperor dwelt in the daj-time. 

fHiNOBAWAOi b >/ -9* 7 4^ n. A fire, conflagra- 
tion. 

HiNosHi u ^ i^ {( 4- n. A smoothing iron : 
— wo kakerUf to iron clothes. 

HiKosHiTA \i J i^St 9 'f u. The empire, 
whole country : — kai-san, the champion (in 
any kind of contest). 

HiNOTAMA b 7 ir -^ n. Jack with the lantern ; 
ignis-fatnus. 

HiNOTE b >? T A ^ n. The flame of a' con- 
flagration : — ga agaru, 

HiNOTO b .; > T ^' One of the ten calendar 
signs, used in designating years, months, 
days, hours, points of compass, etc. 

HiNOYE \i J oe. ^ n. One of the ten signs (see 
hinoto). 

HiKOzo a ^-^^ ^jm n. The spleen. 

HncBUi b V A' >f ^ ^ n. CUss ; kiad of 
article. 

HxMSEKi b v-te i|fi fl[ ^ — 9vru, to dismiss, 
expel, or turn out'of office ; to slight, disregard ; 
to treat slightingly. 



HiNSEN bs^-itv iC fA {mazushiki. iyathii) 

Poor and mean ; low in rank. 
HiN-sHu b 3^ S^^ Hi ^ {kyaku to ansji) n. 

Guest and host. 
HiNso ni^-ttf it" #8 n- Poor in appearance. 
Hi-MTAKU bn-y^ i$^ Weak; feeble; not 

strong in body. 
Syn. jOjaku. 
Hi-OBA b 7 /< fA.^1^ T^' Grandfather's 

sister ; grand-aunt. 
Hi-oDosHi b 4- b* d>^ ii^) Mt '^^ Seweid together 

by red thread, as armor, the plates of which 

are bound together by red thread. 
HioDosHi b -^ )^ »^ n. A species of butterfly. 
Hi-oai \s7 y ^ ^ Si Q- •^^n made of the 

?Unoki. 
Hi- 001 hf y ¥ S j" ^ n. The Pardanthua 

sinensis. 
Hi-di b:i'iicb Qffu- A sun screen, awning. 
Hi-OKOBi b4*:3 9 IQ^D- A quotidian ague. 
HioMUSHi b 7 A i^ u. A fly that lives one 

day only ; day-fly ; ephemera. 
HiPPAKU t» ^/<^ iS 3^ n. Destitution; want; 

scarcity : ano hito toa — no yo*u da, he appears 

to be very destitute ; kome ga — da, the rjoe 

is out ; ito ga — ni natta, silk has become 

very scarce. 

Syn. 8A8HIT8UUABU, hikktO, bivbo. 
HiPPABi \i y^A ^) n. A harlot who stands at 

the door and invites guests. 
HippABi,-Bn ny^sii' Qee hikihari. 
HippA8AKi,-HU b!:^/{'9'->> iJI ^ t.v. The 

same as IiasamL 
HippATAKi,-KU b 5' ^\ it ^ 91 ^ t.v. The 

same as hataki. 
HippAzusHi,-sn \sy^^^^ 9|J?»J t.v. (coll.) 

To dodge, to avoid by a sudden movement ; to 

escape by starting aside. 
Hippo hy^^tf |(E vt »• The rules of pen- 

manship ; mode of writing or forming char- 
acters : — ga yoi ; — ga waruL 

Syn. FUDB NO TSUKAI-KATA. 

Hippu uy "f B£ -^ a- Common people ; a per- 
son of low rank or station : — 7io y«, brate 
courage, as distinguished from yu. 

HiBA b 7 n. Flat; level; plain; common; 
surface ; the leaf of a book : U yio hira, the 
palm of the hand; hira-iamurai, common 
soldier ; katana no — , the flat of a sword ; 
hira uchi ni suru, to strike with the flat 
of the sword ; tan no hira, the third leaf of « 
book ; hira ichimen, the whole, universal ; 
omote no — , the front surfuce ; ura no — , the 
inside ; yuki no — , a flake of snow. 

HiBA b ? n. A lacquered bowl ^ith a cover 

HiBABABi b 9 y^ 9 <f^ $)- n. A lancet : — vo 
fasti, to lance. 

HiBA-BiTO b 9 If > ^ A (/e^inm) b« ^ 
common person. 
Syn. TiDABiTo. 

HiBA-CHi b 5 f- ^ JA (heiehi) n. Letel 
ground ; flat country. 

HiBADA b ^ y tS i>* ^ flat-boat. 

HiBAoAMA b 5 ** ^ ^ S n, A kind of open 
flat pot for cooking ; a pan. 



HIR 



168 



HIR 



fHnuoAKE b 9 ^^ n. A metal dram. 

Hmiax ti 9 ^ ;^ n. The Ilex, or holly. 

Hnu-HiBA-TO bV b 9 f y% ^ adv. With a 
broad, wavy, or nndalating motion: cho ga — 
tobu, the butterfly flies with a wavy motion. 

HibaichO b9>rf-^ aS'S'^ {rai-yoke 
bashira) n. A lightning rod. 

HnuisHiN b^>fi^ViS'3'$fn. A lightning 
rod. 

iHntixA b 9 ^ n. A shallow dish. 

HiBiKANA M^fi-f- *^Wa °* ^^® ff^^^ 
characters used to represent the 47 Japanese 
syllables. 

HiBAXE,-Bn b 9 ^ ^ |fl i.v. To be open, 
unfolded ; to be civilized, enlightened : ame- 
Uuehi hirakete kara, from the beginning of 
creation ; Aaita ga — , the flower opens ; yoku 
hiraketa kuni da, a highly civilized country ; 
mune ga — , to be relieved of gloom or despon- 
dency. 

HiRJja b ? 4» n. The opening, beginning, 
blooming; a door: mise-biraki wo $uru, to 
open a new store ; hiraki wo akete nUyo, open 
the door and look; hiraki wo noru, to sail 
close to the wind ; hana no — ga hayai, the 
flowers bloom early ; — ni turn, to close (as 
an entertainment). 

HnuKi,-Ku b 9 ^ fQ t.v. or i.v. To open; to 
unclose, unsea}, uncover, unfold, spread out ; 
to begin ; to explain; to reveal ; to dear from 
obstruction : to, horij me, te, futokoro, tegami 
nado wo — , to open a door, book, the eye, 
hand, bosom, or a letter; mUM wo — , to open 
a road ; mue wo — , to open a shop, to set up 
shop; hata wo — , to clear land, lay out new 
fields ; dori wo — , to explain the reason ; tera 
wo — , to vacate or leave the charge of a 
temple ; nki wo — , to open a meeting ; fune 
ga iwa wo hiraite hoihiru, the ship gives the 
rock a wide berth ; hana ga hiraita, the flower 
has opened ; mi wo — , to dodge or move aside. 
Syn. AKXBU, Axu. 
HnuxiDo b94^f? ViP n. A door which 

opens on hinges. 
Hi&AKucBi b 9 ^ f* n. A viper. 

Syn. MAMUSHi. 
Hulakuob \t^ ^ y tfi^^ n, A common kuge 

or noble ; one not of high rank. 
HiBAifB b 9 > ^b S #« n- The ^oe. 
fliBAMB,-Bn b 9 > Ji' a t*^* To make flat, 

flatten : moelU wo — 
HiBAMXZA8HZ,-8n b ^ ji tf :^ R) t.v. To 

wave, brandish, flourish, flash, glisten : kata- 

tia wo — , to brandish a sword ; hata wo — , 

to wave a flag. 
HzBAKESi,-Ku b 9 > ^ n i.v. To wave, 

andnlate ; to flash, glisten, glitter : hata ga 

— , the flag waves ; inazuma ga — , the light- 

niDg flashes. 
HzBA-Mi b ^ ^ n. Flat in shi^[>e ; flattish : — 

wo tsukeru, to flatten. 
HiBAMX,-xu b 9 A i.v. To be flat in shape : 

pan ga hiranda, the bread is flat. 
HiRA-NZ b 9 r& 2^ adv. (coll.) Earnestly ; im- 
portunately; urgently; pressingly: ^negau^ 



to earnestly implore ; — /u«m, to bow humbly; 

— tanomut to ask urgently, 

Syn. HITASUBA-NI. 

HiBA-osHi-Mi b 9 * i^ — qs. ^ adv. (coll.) 
Violently ; forcibly. 

Syn. HUBI-NI, SHIITE. 

HiBABi-KUBUBi TO b9 9^>^9l* ^d adv. 
(coU.) Turning and brandishing; a flashing, 
glittering appearance: katana wo — mawa- 
shite teki ni kakatta, brandishing his sword 
rapidly, he fell upon the enemy. 

HiBABi-To b ^ 9 1* n adv. In a quick, 
nimble manner, like the flutter or turn of a 
leaf ; like a flash : — mi wo kawashif quickly 
to turn the body ; nimbly to dodge ; uma yori 

— tohi-criru, to jump nimbly from off a horse. 

fHlBATABUNE M ^ St ^^ H, A flat. 

HiBAiA-ouaio h^St^s^g^fg^n, A kind of 
spider. 

HlBATTAI,-KI-Kn-8HI b ^ 7 ^ >f S adj. 

(coll.) Flat : — ishi, a flat stone ; hirattaku 
nam, to become flat : hirattaku iuru, to 
flatten. 
HiBATTASA h*} y JfT n« Flatness. 

HiBAUCHI-KO-HIHO b^^f-^^b* ^ ^ tA ^ 

Flat-braid. 

HiBATA b ^ ir 2^ S ^- ^ one-storied house ; 
a low or flat house. 

HiBAzuME h^y Ji n. Always on duty : — 
no mi de mairarenai, 

HiBB b w ^,j^ n. The flns of a flsh ; oma- 
ments Uke the flns of a flsh anciently worn 
by ladies on the shoulders : se-bire^ the dorsal 
flns ; fuka no — , shark's flns. 

HiBE-FUBi,-BU b v7 ^ t.v. To WBvo the wide 
sleeve : $ode wo hirefutte maneku, to beckon 
by waving the sleeve. 

HiBB.ru8Hi,-8U b u 7 X t^Vi i.v. To bow 
low with the face to the earth ; to prostrate 
one's self : gozen ni hire-ftuhite aitatfu ntni, 
bowing down low before the prince saluted 
him. 
Syn. HBiruKU subu. 

HiBEi b w >r ^K Of >^- Impolite ; ill-man- 
nered ; rude ; contrary to etiquette, or usage : 
kami wa — wo ukezu, a kami will not accept 
things not offered according to usage. * 

Syn. BUBEI, SHITSU-BEI. 

HiBEi bi^>f 1^ ^i] (mat.) n. Batio; propor- 
tion : sei — , direct ratio ; ten — , inverse 
ratio. 

HntETsu b u 7 ;^ ^ Mean; base; vulgar; 
low : — na hito, a low-minded person. 
Syn. iTASHU. 

HiBi b 9 ^^ S (^rt de nai) Unreasonable ; 
without principle. 

HiBi,-B0 b ^ ^ t.v. To eject, as from the 
anus : he wo -^, to break wind sakana ga 
tamago wo hiri-tMukeru, 

HiBi-HiBi b 9 b 9 adv. (coll.) With a 
smarting or burning pain : — itamu, to smart, 
bum. 

HiBiEi b 9 4^ ^fe 7^7 {chikara naehi) Without 
strength; weak; feeble; without power or in- 
fluence. 



HIR 



164 



HIB 



HiBiN b 9 V ^b St {tonari) n. Neighbor- 
hood ; neighbors : tengai — , the ends of the 
earth become neighbors. 

HiBiN b 9 ^' CKtlr- i'hiwai) Miserly; niggard; 
sordid ; parsimonioas : — na yatm. 

HiBi5zu b 9 9 ^ t^ n. A kind of food made 
of tofu fried in oil. 

HiBi-T8UKi,>Ku b 9 9^ i.y. (ooU.) To smart; 
to barn ; irritated. 

HxRO b n 1^ n. A fathom of abont 6 feet 
English; the distance between hands when 
the arms are outstretched : hito hiro fiatit one 
length and a half of the outstretched arms; 
timi no fukata wa iku hiro tatm, how many 
fathoms deep is the sea ? nana hiro, 7 fathoms 
=35 feet. 

Hmo b n <r ^<^ n. Introduction ; usher- 
ing ; publishiug ; advertisement : — too turn, 
to usher, introduce; to announce; to tell, 
communicate; to publish, make known; to 
report to a superior: yome-iri no — wo 
8urti, to conduct a bride around and introduce 
her to the neighbors; on ttuide no migiri 
yoroshiku go hird negai age $drdy when you 
have a convenient time please make it known 
to your superior. 

Syn. FUiCHo, shibase. 

Hzb5 b t> ir ^ ;g: u. Faint, or exhausted by 
sickness. Syn. tsukabe. 

HiBOBA b p /^ ^ IJI n. A wide, spacious 
place. 

HiBO-BiBo-TO bni?«> 9f9fadv. Wide ; 
f^pacious; large, roomy: — shita hara, a 
wide plain. 

HiBOBUTA b P 7* ^ ]$ g n. A large tray or 
waiter. 

HiBooABi,-Bu b n *• A' ^ i.v. To be open ; 
to iipread out; to be wide, extend over, en- 
larged, propagated, published, diffused: hyo- 
ban ga — , the report spreads. 

HiBoaE,-BU b w ^z*' SI t.v. To open, spread 
out, extend, widen, unfold: hon too — , to 
open a book. 

HiBoaoBi,-Bn \i xt zf^ i.v. i.q. hirogaru. 

HiBOi b p b n. On foot ; walking (polite) : 
— de inifihai, you had better go on foot. 

HiBoi,-Ki b p >f lH adj. Wide; broad; 
spacious ; roomy; extensive : — te, a spacious 
house : — kokoro, magnanimous. 

HiBoz,-on b p 7 tp -$* ^•▼^ ^^ ^^^^ (caust. 

hirowaseru), Syn. abusu. 
'HiBOi,-ou bP7 ^ t.v. To pick up: tori 
ga e too hirou, the bird picks up its food ; 
hirotte aruku, to pick one's way ; hiroi-mono 
wo «iiru, to pick up something which has 
been dropped. 

HiBoi-AT8nifx,-BU bPbT^'j'A' ^ M t.v. 
To pick up and put together ; to gather into 
a pile. 

HiBoi-MONO b P b « >^ n. Anything found or 
picked up in the road : — wo sono nuthi ni 
kaestk 

HiBOKu, or HibO b p ^ Jg adv. (see hiroi) 

— $unt, to widen ; to make spacious, enlarge ; 

— nam, to become wide. 



HiBOMA b P V ]( IQ n A. large room in a 
prince's house ; a paiior. 

HiBOHAB b p V •^ n. Before or in the pre- 
sence of the kami : — ni Juiberite inoru. 

HiBoacABi,-BU bP'T^ ^ i.v. Spread abroad; 
made know widely; published ; advertised ; dis- 
seminated; propagated : na ga — , his name is 
spread abroad. 

HiBOMB b p pt ^ adj. Introduction ; publish- 
ing; promulgation; advertisement: yome no — 
wo aunt, to lead a bride around and introduce 
her to the neighbors ; na-hirome^ a publishing, 
or advertisement of one's name. 

HiBOME b p ^ n. Sea- weed ; i.q. kohu. 

HiBOME,-BU b p > ^ SA t.v. To spread 
abroad, publish, make known, promulgate; to 
advertise, disseminate, propagate : hyoban wo 
— , to spread a report ; buppd wo — . 

HiBOMi b p ^ n. A large spacious place. 

HiBONiwA b p n^N in £ n. A spacious yard; 
a park. 

HiBOBHiKi b p i^ 4^ ]|f IK: n« The female 
apartments of a noble's house ; the harem. 

HiBOWABE,-BU b P >>> u ^ (pass, of hiroi) To 
be picked up. 

HiB0WASE,-BU b p ^^ is ^ (caust. of hiroi) To 
cause another tu pick up. 

HiBOTBN bP-3i^v)|^Mtn. A wide verandah. 

HiBU b it* ^. n- Garlic. « 
Syn. HiNNiKU. 

HiBu b A* See ^i. 

HiBU b ^ ]^ n. A leech, blood-sucker. 

HiBU b A' jE n. Noon ; day-time ; yo?-i« 7iin*, 
day and night ; hiru no nanattUj 4 o'clock in 
the day (o.c.) ; /itntn^, sleeping in the day-time; 
hint gohan, dinner ; himmeshi, id. 

HiBDDOKi b'^b*+jE^n. 12 o'clock ii. 

HiBUGAEBi,-BU b /I' *' 'v A^ fR i.v. To tum 
over and over, as a leaf or flag blown by the 
wind ; to wave ; to tarn, change about : hata 
ga — ; mikata ga hirugaette teki ni natta^ the 
friend has turned to be an enemy ; akunin ga 
hirugaette zennin to natta, the bad man has 
turned to be good. 

Syn. HIKUBI-KABBU, UBAGAXBU. 
HlBU-0AE8HI,-BU \1 A^ff^-X, fR t.V. To tum 

over, change round, shift about : yakttsoku wo 
— , to break a promise. 

HiBUGAo b A' *'Tjt &^ It ^' The Ipomoea 
filicaulis. 

HiBUi XiA'W Ml M A match, or anything to 
conipare with : — nashi, incomparable, match- 
less. 
Syn. TAoui. 

HiBUKX b lu ^ S % °- ^® midday meal. 

HntUMA b A' 'T JE ro "• The day-time : zoku 
ga — arukUf the robber goes about in the daj- 
time. 

HiBUMAB b ^ V -^ fi W n- Forenoon. 

HiBUHAKX b A* V ^ ^ )8 n. The iron ring 
around the end of a spear. 

HiBu-MBSHi b A' > v' S Sc n. The noon- 
meal ; dinner. 

HiBUMi,-Mn b A' A i.v. To shrink or draw 
back in fear ; to flinch ; to be disheartened,. 



mR 



165 



ms 



loseeonrage; to be palsied (obs.): mikatano 

taigun too mite teki wa tukoihiku hirumitari, 

the enemj seeing our large army began to 

lose courage. 
Syn. CHuncxr, uixsbtj. 
HntUNB b ^-1^ S SR °* Sleeping in the 

day-time ; siesta : munbito no — (prov.), the 

sleep of a thief in the day-time. 
Hnusuoi b J(^ X ¥ S i& ^- Afternoon. 
HiSABiSA blJ-tTT ^^ adv. A long time: 

-— o me ni kakarimatenf have not seen yon 

for a long time. 
HisAos b f* / il ^ n. A kettle used for 

holding Make. 
Syn. ch5shi. 
fiiSAGE.-Bu b 'ty^ d t.v. To hold in the 

hand. 
HisAoi b "9* :^ n. The catalpa-tree. 
fi[iBAoi,-Gn b ■'^ / 5R» or 35 t.v. To ha^k 

goods ; to sell in the streets ; to peddle ; to 

sell. Syn. sabaku, ubu. 
HiBioo Xi-^zf p( n, A calabash, gourd. 

Syn. HTOTAB. 

flxBAKATA \2 -^ H Ji ^S A word withont 
meaning called makura-kotoba^ used only in 
poetry in connection with heavenly objects, 
as : — no tora ; — no hi ; — no tsuki ; — no 
ame ; — no hikari. 

tHisiKo b -9* a n. A dipper; ladle r i.q. 
hi$hakH. 

-f HisASiK b -9" ^ n> Hail. 
Syn. HiTo. 

Hisi XI b -ij* ^ adv. For a long time : — araba 
namika f>*iknri, if for a long time (it will be) 
about ^even days. 

Hi-SAO b -9* 7 ^ ^j( n. A ramrod. 

HiSASHi b '9* S^ ifiB i^- A penthouse, or small 
roof projecting over a door or window. 

HisAsni-BUBi b -9* i' >• 9 ^ S^ (coll.) Long 
time since ; a long time has elapsed since : — 
de aimaihita, it is a long time since I met 
him. 

Syn. NAGA-NAGA, MAGAKU. 

Hi8A8HU,-Ki b -9* S^ ^ ^ adj. A long time ; 
ancient; old: hitaihii-yaniait an old com- 
plaint; hiscuhii'Jianashij an ancient story; 
hisashii ato^ a long time ago. 

HxsASHisa) b '9' i^ ^ ^ adv. A long time; 

HisashO j anciently : — ome ni kakarimaseUf 
have not seen you for a long time. 

Syn. NAGAKU. 

HisASHiSA b -9* S^'9' n* The length of time 

since. 
H18AT8U b -9* 7 ^ ^ ^* ^ letter sent by 

qnick dispatch. 
Hzaxsz b-it^ {^>e; n. Arsenic. 
HzBXMB h-^ j» n. Torture by fire. 
HzsBtr b -te V ^ ^ {iyashii) Low ; mean ; 

ynlgar : ?iisen na hito. 

Condemning war; advocating peace : — to, the 
peace party ; — ieUu, the doctrines of those 
who are for peace. 
HiBBH-Hnr b-ti^s3^ ^3A. n- The person 
elected or chosen. 



HisHA hl^-y ^Sl u. (lit. flying wagon) 
The rook in tlie game of chess. 

HisHAKU bv'-V^ i^^ n. A dipper, ladle. 
Syn. BHAKu. 

HxsHAKu b ^ -Y ^ ^ a — '<<''"* ^o go 
about shaking the shakujd, as a Buddhist 
priest, or religionist. 

HisHi b ^ £ n. The water caltrops, Trapa 
incisa. 

HisHi b i^ n. Diamond-shaped. 

HxsHi b »^ n. A harpoon ; a trident or double- 
beaded spear. 

HisHi-BisHi-To b i^iTv'f adv. (coll.) Severely; 
tightly; violently-, rapidly: — shibaru, to 
tie tig tly ; — n(«tt, to beat severely ; — iu 
beki koto wo iu, to say what ought to be said 
in a harsh manner. 

HiSHi-GAKUSHi \:l^if^ l>^ $)fc nt °* Keeping 
secret ; concealing. 

HisHiGATA b l^if St ^ ^ n. Diamond- 
shaped: — nofukuro, 

HisHioB,-BiT b S^y/*' i.v. To be crushed, 
mashed ; to be flattened. 

HiSHIGE-BANA hl^Y^*-)- IH? fl«- ^' A UOSC 

sunken or hollowed, naturally or by disease. 
HisHiGi,-GU h l^ f ^ t.v. To crush, mash ; 

to flatten, break into pieces; to bruise: take 

wo — ; te wo — ; ikioi wo — . 
Syn. TSUBusu, kujiku. 
HiBHiGO hi^zf ^ n. The name of a fish. 
HisHiooTo bS^=fM9tfcH n. Work done by 

the day. 
■IHisHiKB bi^>* n. Rainy weatlier. 
HisHiKui b »^^ b ^ n. The bean goose, 

Anser segitum. 
Hi6HiHBsi,-KU b &^> ^ J^ i.v. To make a 

noise, clamor, tumult, or uproar. 
Syn. 8AWA01-TAT8U, soDd subu. 
HisBitfoOHi bs^^f- n. Bic€ -cakes made in 

a diamond shape to be offei-ed to the kami, 
HisHio b &^7}« IS n. A kind of food made of 

pickled minced meat : ume-bisho, plum jelly. 
HisHio h i^* =j"^ n. The ebb-tide. 
HisHi-TO b i^ h adv. (coll.) (1) Firmly; 

strictly; severely; earnestly: — kokoro ni 

kakent, to fix in the mind ; — tanomu, earn- 
estly to ask. 
(2) The sound of slamming, or dashing: 

fusuma to mado wo — sasu, to shut the screen 

or door with a slam. 
HisHiwA b »^''^ n. Panicum, or panic-grass. 
HiSHO b i^ 3 f^'lK^ i^' Books ou secret 

subjects ; private secretary. 
HisHo b i^ 3 a^ 4- {otKuxa wo sakeru) n. 

Avoiding or escaping the heat (of summer). 

Syn. BEKTBHO. 

HiSHO b^"Vi5r SI 95 (kanashimi itamu) 
Lamenting ; mouminp. 

HiSHOEU b S^ 3 ^ ^^ ]£ u. Temporarily 
out of office ; not in otiicial employment ; on 
half-pay. 

HisBOKWAN bv'3^!7v Jjfcit'gn. A pri- 
vate secretary. 

HisBU b S^a. ti "S" (himo-gatann) n. A dirk. 

Hiso by ^Hx u. (chem.) Native arsenic. 



HIS 



166 



HIT 



HiBO b -^^ ^ K. l9 {uwahe) n. Superficial ; 

shallow : not profoand : — no hen^ a superficial 

▼iew. 
HiBo-BiBo b 7 If y S SS ^^' Secretly ; 

privately ; s<rftly ; quietly ; silently : — mono 

wo iu, to speak secretly. 

Syn. NAI8H5, K0880BI. 

HiBosA M y ff fjg — nant, adj. Secret; 
private ; hidden : — tokoro, a secret place. 

HisoKA h y 13 ^ — nt, adv. Secretly ; pri- 
vately ; softly ; stealthily : — mono too in, to 
speak privately. 

HxB0MB,-RU b y ^ X' ftt t.v. To hide, con- 
ceal; ft to wrinkle, contract, packer up: 
hoe ICO — , to speak in a low voice, to whisper; 
mi wo — , to hide one's self; mayu wo — , 
to wrinkle or contract the brow (as in 
pain, anger); to frown: kuehi wo — , to 
packer the month. 

HxsoxEKi.-KU b y ji ^ t.v. To tell secretly ; 
to whisper : uwaia wo — , to tell a report. 

Syn. BABATAKU. 

HisoMi.-ifu My '^ ^ i.v. To hide, conceal, 
lie hid, lark ; Jl to contract, wrinkle ; to fall 
in (as the mouth of an old person) : hihari 
wa fttisa no naka ni hitonde irUf the lark hides 
in the grass ; aakana ga iwa no aida ni — , the 
fish hides among the rocks. 

Syn. KAKUBUBU, SHZMOBU. 

HiBOMi-ooKOBO b V ^ =/ a P n. Shyness ; 

bashfulness; modesty. 
HiBosEXi b'9'tr-ts^ lH:9S^ Q* Arsenic ; 

i.q. hiseki, 
Hi8SABAKi,-xn b 7'9'/^^ See hikitahaki, 
HiB8AOE,-Bu My^yA' §| ^ t.v. To cany 

anything hanging from the hand; to take 

along with. 
Hiss AN b r^ "9* V Vt ^ o* The method of 

calculating with figures, not with the soro- 

ban. 
HisflABAB,-RU b y-t ^ ^ ^ t.v. To take all 

away ; to sweep away, make a clean sweep : 

tsuTiami wa ie kura wo — , the huge wave 

swept away the house and godown ; kan6 wo 

— te nigeru, 

Hzs-BEi b7-it>fl|E^D* A secretary or 
writer in a government office. 

Syn. BHOKI, MONOKAKZ, TITBITBU. 

HiBSEi b 9 -te >r HE 4f( (fnde no ikioi) n. 
Penmanship ; freedom or manner of writing : 

— ryu no gotoshi. 

HiBssxi b 7 -te ^ HE 99^ n. Hand-writing, 
penmanship : — ga yoi. 

HxBSHA b^S^-VHE^n* A writer, scribe, 
BeoretaiT. 

HiSBHi b r^ S^ $& % {kanarazu $kitu) Must die ; 
certain death : — ni natU tatakau, to fight 
with desperation ; ima wa — to kokoro wo 
iadamej made up his mind that now he must 
die. 

HisBOKU b^V^ jS^Tobe confined to 
one*B house for some offense (only of »amurai)\ 
to be stopped up, obstructed ; — osM-tsuke- 
rareru, to be condemned to imprisonment in 
hlB own house. 



HissoBiTo b 9 y 9 > iSL^ adv. Quietly; 

still; silently : — thite tni, to be still; — tkita 

tokorOf a still, quiet place. 
Syn. sHizuxA-Ni, hisobibo-to. 
Hisso-TO h y y y Same as hi^iori to, 
Hisui b ?^ 4 II $[ n. A king- fisher. 

Syn. KAWASBMI. 

HisuBU b 3^ A' tt See hi. 

HiTA b jr 91 ^ n. A thing for scaring birds 
from a rice field. Syn. nabuko. 

HiTA b Jt Always; oontinaally; wholly; 
completely (used mpstly in comp.) : — ni, 
wholly ; — gokoro, with the whole heart. 

Hitaburu-mi b ^ */ a- ^ adv. Earnestly , im- 
portunately. Syn. hitasuba ni. 

HiTA-BiTA h Jf h St- adv. The sound of water 
splashing : mitn ga — to funQ'hhta ni nttu, 
the water splashes against the sides of the 
boat ; — to uchi-noru, to ride splashing 
through the water. 

HiTAi b Jr >r ffi n. The forehead ; — no 
shiwa^ the wrinkles in the forehead ; — no 
nosujif the blue veins in the forehead. 

fHiTAi b ^ b n. Hair-pins woiti as orna- 
ments in the front of the head. 

HiTAiOAMi h St ^ If \ T^lln. The forelock : 
uma no — . 

HiTAi-zuTSUMi hStAzfyX^''^' A veil. 

HiTAKi \t St ^ )K^ T^' A fireman, stoker; a 
fireplace. 

HiTAEi b ^ 4" 81 n. A kind of bird. 

HiTAKiYA b ^ 4^ -V n. A house or station 
where anciently a signal fire was kindled. 

HiTAMicHi NI b jr ^ f- zs. adv. Earnestly ; with 
the whole heart. 
Syn. HiTosuJi ni. 

HiTAMONo }i St^j adv. Earnestly ; intently; 
chiefly ; wholly : oya ni ko wo — sum. 

Syn. HITASUBA, HOPPABA. 

HiTAN u St y fj^lk {kanathimi nageku] 
Sorrow ; moumiug : — stiru, to mourn, weep, 
lament ; — no namida ni kureru, blinded by 
tears of sorrow. 

IHiTAOMOTE b St t ^ T adj. Plain; bold; 
direct; open. 

HiTABi,-Bu n St A' 55 i.v. To be dipped or 
immersed in a fluid; to be soaked, steeped, 
macerated : nen-jU sake ni hitatte tn«. 

HiTASHi,-su \i St:^ ^ t.v. To dip into ft 
fluid ; to immerse ; to soak, steep, moisten, 
macerate ; to wash, as a stream the shore : 
mizu ni — , to dip into water ; yu nt — , to 
steep in hot water. Syn. tbukebu. 

HiTASHi,-Bu b jr X t.v. To bring up, edu- 
cate, nourish. 

HiTASHi-uoNo n St i^ ^ J n. Beans or 
vegetables boiled and steeped in ahoyu. 

HiTASUBA-Ni bir:^9ci y^ff adv. Earnestly; 
with the whole heart ; vehemently ; importu- 
nately: — tanomUf to ask importunately; 
gaku-mon wo — 8U8ttmeru, to earnestly urge 
another to learn; — iken wo kuwaeru^ to 
earnestly caution. 

Syn. HITAMONO, MOPPABA, XCHIZU-Nl, SBIXl- 
BI-NI. 



HIT 



167 



HIT 



tHRATAKz,-BU M jf St 9" ^ !.▼. To be slovenly, 
loose, careless in dress, language or con- 
dact. 

HiTATABB Qir^v^^n. A kind of robe 
worn by nobles. 

HiTA-TO bjr> i$ adv. Closely ; tightly ; the 
sound made by striking one hard thing against 
another: — Uukut to pnt close against; to 
stick tightly; — narahete oku, to arrange 
closely together; — utttt, to strike with a 
sharp sound. 

HiTATA-ooMOBi b^'Y=i*%9 H^tL^n. Al- 
ways keeping at home ; seldom going out of 
the house ; a home-body. 

HiTEN bT5^ ^m — »«"*t *o criticise and 
mark any literary work. 

HiTO b > A n. A man, a person (male or 
female) ; people; mankind ; others : — to nam, 
to become a man ; to be full grown ; to come to 
one's s^ ; — wo hito ni omowaxut to despise 
others, caring not for men ; — ni kaharu, to 
be dependent on others ; — ni tvgirUt to excel 
others. 

Hno b > —adj. One (same as hitottti)^ used 
only in compound words, as: hito-tahi, once, 
one time; hito-tothi, a year; hito-Uukit a 
month ; hito-toki^ an hour ; hiio-hit one day ; 
hito-yo^ a night ; hito mawari, one revolution, 
one week (in taking medicine). 

HiTo-Ai b > T b A '^ »• Intercourse ; asso- 
ciating with others : — no yoi hito, a popular 
person ; one esteemed by others. 

Hrro-BANABB b > ^'f •^ w A SI o* Avoiding 
the society of others; separating from the 
society of others : — ahite one, to live alone. 

HiTo-BABAi b>/^^b Aff n. Clearing the 
room or place of people: — de tnitsudnn 
sunt, to clear the room and talk in secret. 

Htto-bashiba b > /^ 5^ 9 A ti^ »• (lit. hu- 
man pillar) Burying a man alive on laying 
the foundation of a castle or bridge (an an- 
cient custom) : — too irent. 
HiTo-BiTO b V I? > plur. u Men; people; 

everybody. 
Hi-TOBosHi-ooBO b V 7»^ S*' =f p B. The time 

of candle-lighting. 
HiTo-DAKABi \i>^ij^ Aftn- A crowd 

of people : — ga turUf to crowd together. 
HiTo-BAMA b>^-r A^n. A pbosphores- 
oent ball which rises from the ground and 
moves from one place to another, supposed to 
be the spirit of a dead person. 
Hrro-BANOMS b>^7> AJI n. 'Causing 
others to trust or confide : — nam kimi no 
ko$oba, 
Htto-bahomi b^^y^^ A|5 n- Trusting 
or confiding in others : — dewa yoku dekinu, 
if you trust in others to do it, it will not be 
well done. 
fiiTODB b > ^ n. A species of starfish, order 

Asteria. 
-fHrroGAKi b > ^ ^ A i^ n. (lit. human 
hedge) Clay images of men anciently placed 
around the tomb of the Emperor as a guard 

or attendants. 



HiTOOA]asBiKi,>Eu-BEX b > «* -r s^ ^ adj. Be- 
coming to a man ; genteel; manly : — okonaL 

HiTooABA b > ^ 9 A ^ (jimpin) n. Kind 
or quality of man : — no yoi hitOt a fine man 
(in personal appearance) ; — no toami hito, a 
vulgar-looking fellow. SK 

HiTOOATA n h it St A^ n. A statue or 
image of a man. 

HiT0OB-NAKi,-xv-8Hi b > ^•^ 5^ JR A ^ adj. 
Not like or becoming to a man (in conduct) ; 
despicable ; base. 

HiTo-ozKi \i y^iff^ A SB D' ^he hearing of 
others : — wo habakaru, to fear that people 
should hear; — ga warui, don't let others 
hear. 

HiTo-GiBB b > ¥ v^ A Iff o* ^l^e stoppage of, 
or interruption in, the parsing of people (sa 
through a crowded street) : -^nonai michi, 

HiToooKocHi b > =f a f- n. The feeling, sen- 
sations : — mo tegu, lost all feeling ; became 
insensible. 

HiTOGOHi b > d* ^ n. A crowd of people, 
throng, 

HiTOGOBosHi b>=fni^ A& n. Man- 
slaughter; murder; a murderer. 

HiTOGOTO b > d* > A 'S' n* Talking about 
others : — wo iu na, don't talk about others. 

HiTOGOTO-Ni b > :f > =i ft A adv. Every 
body; each person. 

fHiTOGusA b > ^T n. People=tami. 

HiTo-jicHi b>5?f-A^fn. A hostage : — 
wo toi-u, to take a hostage; — wo yam, to 
give a hostage. 

HiTo-jiNi b h s^i:^ A^ ^' A person dead; 
somebody killed: — ga atta, there was a 
person killed; — wa nakatta^ there was no- 
body killed. 

HiTO-EAGB \i hft^ A SE n. The shadow of 
a man : — ga shoji ni utsuru, there is the 
shadow of a man on the screen ; — mo nai, 
not a single person. 

HiTOBAi b > :^ b n. (coll.) A kidnapper. 

Syn. KADOWASASHI. 

HrroKAZu b > :Xr ^ A fS[ t^- ^e number of 

persons ; the population. .=> 
Syn. HiNzu. '^ 

HiTo-KiBB b > ^ V A )^ pit. a piece of a 

man) : — mo nai, not a single person ; t^ no 

uchi ni wa — mo nai, 
HiTOKiwA b > ^ >»N *— (S adv. Especially, 

particularly; pre-eminently. 
iHiTOEO-NO-KAMi b > :i 7 iXiT $ u. The chlet 

of a tribe. 
iHiTOEOBOHi b > =t p b n. Arrogating or as- 
suming what does not belong to one. 
HrroHA b > -^ A FQ (hito no aida) n. The 

absence of men ; nobody being near or present : 

— wo ukagatte mono wo nusumUj to look out 

that nobody is present and steal. 
HiTOVANB bl'-r^ A ^fU n* Mimicking 

or imitating others : — wo sum, to mimic or 

imitate others. 
HiTOMASU b b V ?^ A ^ n* The vacant space 

between the outer and inner gates of a castle, 

used for numbenng an army. 



HIT 



168 



HIT 



HiTOMAZtJ b 1* -^y ^ )t ^^^* (ooll.) Now; for 
a short time : — kore de yametnasti, 

EiTOMs b > > AS n* The eyes of others ; 
the pnhlic ; the world : — too habakarut to fear 
or shun the notice of others ; — wo hajiru, to 
oe ashamed to he seen by others; — wa 
»hinohUy to ayoid being seen ; — ni kakarUf 
to be seen by others ; — too kaneru, to be con- 
cerned how anything may appear to others. 

HiToui b > ^ IS ^ D. The pnpil of the eye. 

Hiioui-ookO bb %rf 3^ ^ A#^n> Haman 
sacrifices offered to the hami. 

HiTOMoji b f % i? Ig n. An onion. 
Syn. NEOi. 

HiTo-MUXASHi bfA^S/ ^^ n. Olden 
time : ju neii — . 

HiTO-MUKi NI b>A»4i^ ^(^ adv. With the 
whole heart, strength or care; earnestly; 
attentively ; with one turn : — mono too ttini, 
to do anything with the whole heart; hito 
muki na hitOf one who engages earnestly in 
anything ; a person of one idea. 
Syn. BiTosuJiKi. 

HiTONAMi b V -^ ^ A ^ IJike men generally ; 
like other people, or the common run of man- 
kind : — ni Mori wo kirw, to wear the coat as 
people generally do ; — na Atto, a person not 
different from others. 

Hrro.NiKUKi,-KD-8Hi b > ^ ^ j^ A r^» adj. 
Offensive or disagreeable in the sight of 
others ; ugly ; hateful. 

HiTo-OMOi-Mi b > 4* % b ^ adv. At once. 

HxT0BA8Hii,-Ki-Ku h h ^ l^ '1 adj. Looking 
or acting like a man or human being. 

HiTOBi b h 9 *-*A One pei-son; alone: single; 
by one's self ; only : nintokn wo hitori yoiide 
koi, call a coolie ; hitori de yuku, to go alone, 
or by one*8 self ; — daehi ni, in siugle file ; 
hitori mtuukOf an only son ; hitori mono, a 
single person, without relatives, or a person 
who lives alone ; hitori-ne wo ntm, to sleep 
alone. 

HiTORi-BiTOBX b 1* 9 If > 9 adv. Oue by one; 
singly ; one of many : — ni nam, to become 
separated ; — ni hikida$hite korosu, took them 
out one by one and killed them ; — ni nruku, 
to walk singly, separately, or in single file. 

HiTOBiDACHi b>9yf* ijSj tL ^- Indepen- 
dent ; free of others ; standing alone, as a child 
learning to walk : — no kuni, a country inde- 
pendent of any other. Syn. noxn-BYt}. 

HiTOBiGo b 1» 9 :f JB ^ n. An only child. 

HiTORiGOCHi,-TSU b > 9 =f J' i.v. To talk to 
one*s self ; to soliloquize. 

HiTORiooTO b > 9 =f ► 8! I§ ^- Talking to 
one's self : — too tu, to talk to one's self ; 
to soliloquize. 

HiTOBi-GURUMA b > 9 /^^ n. A velocipede. 
Syn. jizAiSHA. 

HiTORitfi b b 9 ^ ^ $t {(^ku shin) Alone ; 
without kindred or relations; a bachelor or 
widow. J. 

Hr-TOBi-arcsHt h h ^ ^^ )^^,& n* Insects 
which, in summer, fly into a light and some- 
times extfngaish it. 



HrroBizuMi b^97^^ 91$ n. Living 

alone : — too thite omoshiroku nai, living aloD« 

is not pleasant. 
HiTo-sASHi-TUBi bb'^'i'a.tf ^^ft n. The 

index-finger. 
HiT08Bn,-xi-Ku-sHi b h S^ ^ ^ adj. Same; 

equal; one; alike; same time; together: — 

kokoro, like-minded ; ham no yo no ytime ni 

hitoshu, like the dream of a spring night. 
Syn. D^zEN, oNAji. ooToxn. 
HiTo-SHiKiBi b > ft^'t' 9 — ^ One sharp or 

violent effort; one paroxysm: — wa ayau- 

katta, for a moment he was in great danger; 

ame ga —futte Iwrem, it rained violently for 

a little while and then cleared off. 
HrroBHi-NAMi-Ni b^i^■^5- 3fsi adv. In 

the same manner ; like. Syn. nOTd-Ni. 
HiTosHxo b > »^ih ^ K adv. Still more: 

— yoroshii, better still. Syn. nao. 
Hrrosuji-Ni my-^^^ — JK *d^- Earnestly; 

exclusively ; with the whole heart. 
HiTOTS b V T n. Only by one person; 

monopoly : — de urisahaku, sold only by one 

person ; monopolized : — ni knishimeru, to be 

bought up by one person. ^ 

Syn. BBMMAI SURU. 

HiTo-TO-KABi b^^■^9 ^An. The kind 
of person; character; disposition; nature: 
»o/io — jihi fakashi, he was a man of an 
exceeding kind disposition. 

HiTo.TORi b b V ,h 9 — 81 adv. In a general 
way ; in tlie main ; for the moist part. 

HiTOTSU b h y — (ichi) adj. One; single; 
alike ; same : — to shite yoi mono wa nai, there 
is nothing good, or, not a single good thing. 

HiTOTsu-BANASHi b b 7 /"? ■** i' u. CommoD 
talk ; what is in everybody's mouth. 

HiTOTsuBASHi b h 7 /•? s^ u. A bridge made 
of a single plank, or trunk of a tree. 

Syn. UABUKI-BABHI. 

HiTOTSUBO hhy-A* n. A hinge consisting of 

a staple and hook. 
HtTOTSU-YA h h y -y — §n. A solitary 

house ; a lone house : yama naka no — , a lone 

house among the mountains. 
HiTOWABAB b>y9-^A?^n. An object of 

ridicule; a laughing-stock : — to nnm. 
HiT0-WAB0Ki,-xu-SHr b V ^ p S^ adj. Some- 
thing which one is ashamed that oilier-^ should 

know; shamefnl, disgraceful. 
HiTOYA b h "V ^ S^ n. A jail, prison. 

Syu..B6TA. 
HrroTA b h "V A SR. n. A human habitation. 
HiTOTABi b V -y 9 n. Occasioned by others : — 

narnzu, not caused by others (but by his own 

fault). 
HiTOYE b b 'N VJE One thickness ; single ; not 

double. 
HiTOYE-MONo hh^^ ^ n. A garment of a 

single thickness, not lined. 
HiTOYE-Ni b h ^ — (iS adv. Earnesily; 

wholly; entirely; only; to the exelasion of 

everything else; just as: — tanomu, to 

earnestly request. 

Syn. HITASUBA-NX, NAKIBUa. 



HIT 



16D 



HIY 



EiTOTo«zu bVa^f? -*l8)lln. A kind of 
pipe, or flate, opeu at the top. 

Syn. BAXUBACHI. 

HrroTozAKB b h g-T^^ n. i.q. amnMake, 

fHiTOEozuMA b h a ^ -r n. (lit. one night 
wife) n. A harlnt. 

HrrozuTB b f </ T n. A go-between, media- 
tor: — tuirode ti«, to speak direotly without 
a go-bi^twpen. 

Hits? b 7 fl| n. A trunk, box ; a chest for 
clothes. 

Hnsu b 7 IfE (ftide) n. A pencil, pen : 
ippittu, one pen; ippit$H k^ijo t'tcuAi Jioro, I 
respectfully write you these few lines (in com- 
mencing a letter.) 

HiTsvDAN b 7 ^ V HE St (f»de de JianoMu) 
Gonyersing; talking together by letter, or by 
writing. 

HiTsuoil b 7 ^ % n. A coffin: hititugi- 

HiTooi f fjurttma, a hearse. Syn. xwan. 

iHrrsvoi b 7^ H III n> The Imperial suc- 
cession : — 710 mtfto, the heir- apparent. 

Ersoi b 7 'f IfE j£ n. Penmanship; mode 
of writing. 

Hrrsuji b 7 3^ ^ n. A sheep ; one o! the 12 
horaxy signs : — no ayumif the leading of a 
criminal to punishment; — no kntn, the s.s.w. 
point of the compass; — no toki^ 2 o'clock 
P.M. (8 of Japanese) ; hitsuji-sarut the s.w. 

HiTsuJi b 7 a^ n. Bice straw, especially that 
between two joints : — wara, id. 

Hnscji-Bo) b 7f'i)f ^ n. The rice that 

Hrsuji ) sprouts up after the first crop is cut. 

HiTsujiorsA b 7 3? /-9* n. A species of water 
lily, Nymphoea tetragona. 

Hrrecjd b7f"Y^ 5& £ {kanaratu iadamara) 
Certain; sure; fixed; settled; decided; de- 
termined : — thikari, certainly so. 

Syn. TA8BIKANI, KITTO, ZXHI. 

HxTsun b 7 y 3^ ft n. Setting on fire ; an 
incendiary. 

Hz-T8uxi,-Kn b 7 ^ ft ¥ *•▼• To be dried 
and stick to anything. 

HiTSc-MZTsu b 7 > 7 WL (kanaratu thi- 
mm) (Bud). Must surely •die; ihdja hitan- 
metsttt death is the doom of every living 
thing. 

Hriacnrd b 7 -ai t^ «5& S^ Essential ; necessary ; 
indispensable ; requisite : — no koto, 

HiT8u-ZK3i uy-tfi/' ij& ^ (kanarazu $hikaru) 
•dj. and adv. Certainly; necessarily; posi- 
tively; absolutely: — no koto; — no ri. 

HiTTACHT,-T8U b 7 ^ 7 fj] tL i»v. (hiki and 
taehi) To stand up ; to be improved in ap- 
f>earance: mon wo nnttareha okini hittatte- 
letto, sinee the door is painted it looks much 
better. 

HrrrAKURi,-Bn i« 7 ^ ^ a. t.y. To snatch, take 
by violence. 

HiTTAR b 7 ir s^ if Ufa {ff*de no iaki) n. The 
point of the pencil or pen ; the writing : — 
k4U€ tco ahdzuru (prov.). 

HmABi-To b 7 4r 9 > adv. Closely ; tightly : 
— Cnil;ii, to stick tight; — yoru, to come 
dose to; —yorU9. 
99 



A flint. 
A flint. 



The bark of the hi 
hhoadabukif a roof 



HiTTATE.-RiT \i '7 St T A- See hikitate, 
HiT-rKKi b 7 T 4^ ^ ^ — tiint^ to match; to 
oppose as equal : ware to hitteki tubeki mono 
wa armit, there is no one able to contend 
with me. 

HlTTSUKAMAB,-BU b77*^-^*' <}| Jfi t.V. 

(coll.) To seize, lay hold of, catch hold of ; 

to grasp. 
HiTTSUKAin.-MU b 7 7 A A (coll.) Same as 

hittnikamaeriL 
Hi-ncHi b i^r f- Jt n. Striking fire : — gantt a 

steel for — . 
Hx-uoHiBA b ^ f* /^ n. The longest feather 

in a bird's wing. 
Hi-ncHi-B0suBO biJ'f'T^^p #:^n* A bag 

for holding the instruments for striking 

fire. 
Hi-ncRi-oAicA btf^if-r^^TJu. A steel 

for striking fire. 
Hi-ucHi-iBHi htff-'il^ ^:k75 n- 
Hl-nCHI-KADO b^f-»J? ^)^fl »• 
Hi-uwo b i> 7 -^f- ^, n. Dried fish. 
HiwA b 7 iH u. A kind of small bird, gold- 
finch. 
HrwADA b '> ^ i^ii ^« 

tree used for roofing: 

made of the above bark. 
HiwAzuBiTO b '^^ y bT h M A n* An imbecile, 

idiot. 
Hi-WAKB,-Bn b yi^n* ^ Sf »•▼• To be dry 

and cracked by exposure to the sun. 
HiwABi b ^N 9 n. Interest by the day ; daily 

payment ; daily portion : — kanjd ; — wa ichi 

niehi ikttra. 
Hi-TA b "Y >^ IP n- A. fire-arrow ; a rocket. 
Hi-TA b^ "^cS^ n. A building in which the 

bodies of the dead are burned; cremation 

house. Syn. xasSba, dabibho, takiba. 
HrTA b -y >^ Cool; cold: hiija-mun, cool 

water: hiya-ate, cold sweat; hiya-meghi^ cold 

rice ; o hiya wo motte-oidet bring some cold 

water ; — de nomu, to drink without warm- 

ing, as fttike, 
fHiTAKA b "Y * i.q. hiyaynka. 
HiYAKASHi,-SD b "Y ^ 5^» ^ ^ *•▼• To cool ; 

to divert, or amuse one's self by looking at ; to 

banter, befool ; to fiirt : nri-mono wo hiyakathi- 

te arnku, to go about the shops looking at 

goods and not buying. 

Syn. BKI-KTAKU, StTKEN. 

HrrAXE,-BU by^A^ i.v. To be cooled : ido ni 
tsnketa suikwa wa yoku hiyakerut the water- 
melon which was put into the well is well 
cooled. 

HiTAKOi,-Ki-KU-sBi b "Y 3 >f 5^ adj. (coll.) 
Cool; cold: mUu ga — , the water is cold; 
hiyakokn nanc, to become cool ; — iunij to 
make cool. Syn. tsuuetai. 

Hi-TAKU b-Y3^ $b|| n. A secret medicine; a 
nostrum. 

Hi-TAKu b Y ^ mSt ^' Out of office, not in 
official employment. 

HiTAKu-TAi b-Y^^-f "^It"^' The members 
of the body ; all the various constituent parts of 
the body. 



HIY 



170 



HO 



BiTA-MxaHi b -Y » S^ D. Cold boiled rice : — 
knit one ^ho eats cold rice, or what is left 
from the master's table; a hauger-on, or 
dependent in a family. 

HrTA-MUoi b ir A :i|f n. Cold boiled macaroni. 

HiTARi TO b ir 9 V Ad?. Feeling cold to the 
tonch ; to be surprised or alsrmed. 

HiTASHT,-su b -Y ^ ^ t.y. To cool : hitai tco 
mitu de 7itya«u, to cool the forehead with 
water; hiyaihile oku, to pat away to cool; 
kokoro iro— , to alarm, cause fear. 
Syn. sAHAsn. 

AinrATAKA b-Yir^ 3^ adj. Cool; cold: — na 
mhiiy cool water. Syn. TsuanTAi. 

ddiTE b ■« n. A species of millet, Panioam 
cras-coroi. 

HiYE,-BD b<a^^ ;$- i.v. To get cool; to be 
cold: vitihi ga hiyetat the rice has become 
cold ; €uhi ga — , the feet are cool ; o hiye 
naMare-mmtu na, do not let yourself get cold. 

HiYB-ATABi b-^T^9 3^^ II* Sickness 
from exposure to cold. 

HiTX-zBT,-BU \ije.^ A' !.▼. To be cool, cold 
(spoken only of things or persons) : viethi ga 
— , rice is cold. 

HiTEXi \i^^ ^ti {taiukematu) n. Advan- 
tage ; profit ; benefit : denthin noyovoo — «uni 
koto oi nari, 

tHiTEN b -3^ 3^ n. The ridge of a roof. A^ 

HxYBRz b ■« 9 n. Selecting a day. ""^ 

Syn. BiPOBi. 

HiTXTSU b <A 7 # n {hiraki'kemiiu) — ttiru, 
to open and read ; to peruse. 

HrY6 b -Y T> fR tt (tobi-agaru) — «tini, to fiy 
up high, soar aloft. 

HiTd b 9 ^ It a ^' ^^^ expense, outlay, 
disbursement, cost: — ga kaiamii, the ex- 
pense is great. 

Hno b 9 ^ 19 S 1^* Labor by the day ; 

day-labor: — chin, wages paid for day-labor ; 

kon-niehi — ni kite okttre, come and work 

for me to-day ; — wo torn, to work by the day. 

Syn. TATOi. 

HiTODOBi b 9 1^ 9 tH Q* ^0 brown-eared 
bulbul, Hypsipetes amaurotes. 

HiYoxB b 9 ^ ]9 1^ n. (1) Anything screen- 
ing, or protecting from the rays of the sun ; 
a sun-screen ; an awning. 

(2) R^ >^ A vacant space around a house to 
protect it against fire. 

Hi-Toxu-NO-TOBz bg^>;h9 H:S.%n- A 
fabulous bird ; the male and female are said 
to join their wings in flying; supposed by 
some to be the oshidori, 

HiTOBi b 9 9 ^ it^ n- Fine weather; 
weather : — wo niirii, to observe the weather ; 
— ga It, the weather is fine ; — ga wand, the 
weather is bad. Syn. tenki, yoki. . 

HzYOWA b 9 ?7 adv. Weak; tender; delicate; 

feeble : — na hito. 
HiYOWAi,-Ki-Eu-SHi b 9 9 >f adj. Weak; 
feeble ; delicate ; tender. 
Syn. KAYowAi. 
HiTU b A tt 'ft (tatoe) n. A parable, fable, 
metaphor. 



HizA b if ly^ n. The knee : — no tara, the 

knee pan ; — wo oiru, to bend the knee ; — vo 

kumu, to sit tailor-fashion ; — wo ttuka, to 

kneel. 
HizA-OABHiBA h ^ H ^ ^ ]B^ ij &• The knee. 
HiZAKABi b -^ ^ 9 Q j[ {nitehu) n. Noon ; 

the hottest period of the day. 
HizAKUBA }i^^^ jg^j|L n. A scarlet blossom 

cherry tree. 
HizAMAKUBA b -f^-r ^ ^ u. Making a pillow of 

another's knee or lap. 
HiZAMAznxi,-su b-^-r 5^^ J8 i.v. To kneel: 

hitamaMuiU kami woogamu, to kneel down 

and worship Ood. 
HizA-MOTO b-^^V K 'f n. By the knees; 

near to : oya no — , at the parent's knee. 
HizABA b -^ 9 >>c m n. The pan of a gnnloek; 

the bowl of a pipe. 
HizASABAOAi b-^IT?^^ n- A species oi 

shell-fish, of the Chiton order. 
HizASHi b-^»^ Q A °* Sunlight; the sun's 

rays. 
HizEM b-tfv ^0 n. A cutaneoQs disease; 

the itch. 
Hxzd b y 1^ $Jb Ift (lit. private property) A 

valued or prized possession; beloved: — 

muntme, a beloved daughter kept with tender 

care; ihdmottu wo — iurut to keep books 

with great care. 
HizoBi,-Bu b /*' IftK *-^* Warped ; bent by 

the heat. 
tHizuKA8HiKi,-Ku-SHi \i *f fi ^ ^ adj. Artful; 

perfidious. 

Syn. XADAlfASHH. 

HizuKB b 5^ ^ n. The date, as of a letter, etc 
HizuME b ;f > 29 ^' ^^® ^^^^ o' ^^ animaL 
HizuME,-BU b ^ ji ^ t.v. To tighten ; to draw 

tight, straiten, contract. 
HiznMi,-MU b^A ^ i.v. To be bent; to 
deviate from the right line ; to be inelined, 
oblique, aslant, awry, askew, crooked ; warped, 
depraved, vijious: shdji ga kUunde iatemasen. 

Syn. UAGABU, TUGAUU. 

iHizuBA b y 9 n. The hair tied in a knot on 
each side of the head of a child. 

fHo «h >^ n. Fire; mostly used in eomp. as 
honu, hohage. 

fHo ijf ^ n. The summit, highesi part, 
elevation : nami no — ; kuni no — , the most 
elevated parts of a country. 

Ho ih ^ n. A sail : — wo ageru, to hoist a 
sail ; — wo tagertt, to lower a sail ; — wo 
kakeni, to hoist a sail ; — wo go-go bakari 
agerti, to half -reef a sail. 

Ho tH IS n. The ear, or head of rice, wheat, 
or any kind of grain : ine no — , an ear of 
rice ; mugi no ho, a head of wheat. ||f\ 

Ho ^ ^ n. A step in walking; a land 
measure of six feet, same as tsubo, but naed only 
in measuring farms: ippo, one step; ni to, 
two steps ; roppo, six steps ; jippo wo ippo ni 
tobu, jumped the distance of ten steps in one ; 
ten ri no miehi mo ippo yori fta/tmaru, a 
journey of a thousand miles is begun by tak- 
ing one step. 



HO 



171 



HOD 



H5 4(^ o. A kind of hard wood ased for 
making wood-cnts. 

H5 «it ^ ^ n. The cheek : ?i5-bone^ the cheek- 
bone, malar bone. 

Ho ^N y v^ n. Bole, law, usage, dootrine» pre- 
cepi^ maxim, religious rites or practices; 
incantation ; multiplier, or divisor in arith- 
metic : hunt no hv^ the laws of a country : 
hnttu no — , the doctrines, or religion of the 
Buddhist; ho ni kanau, according to law, 
legal ; — ni iomuku^ to break the law, trans- 
gress, illegal ; ame woftaraserti /to, the incanta- 
tions used to bring rain ; ioroban no ho^ the 
rales of the abacus ; — too taterut to make a 
law, or rule ; — ni sugirUf to exceed what 
usage or the rule requires ; — gakut science 
of law. 

H5 ^N ^ i^ {kata) n. Side, region, place, 
direction, part, person, thing ; a recipe: kono- 
ho here ; I ; fono-A^, you (to an inferior); ano- 
ho, there; shiroi-lio, the white; ehiitai-hd 
ga yot, the small one is the best; kuiuri 
no ho, a medical recipe; niihi no ho, the 
west ; Tdkyo no hd ye nigeta, has fled towards 
T6ky5. 

H5 >N ^ ^ n. Answer, or reply to a letter, 
communication, report: go ho ni makaiertt, 
let it be according to your answer. 
8yn. BEHTo. 

Ho-ASHi ^Tv' ftSp n. The foot, or lower 
part of a sail. 

Ho-ATE ih ^ 7 T JS 'ff D. The visor of a 

helmet. 
HoBAi 4c i> ^< 'f ]|^ y n. A friend, companion, 
comrade. 
8yn. HOTU, tomodachi. 
HoBAKxr iH /^ ^ l£ ttf (torae-shibam] n. 
Seizure and imprisonment : — mru, to arrest ; 
nusubito ga — ierareta. 
fldBABi ^^ ^ /^ 9 ^ ^f n A magnetic 
compass. 

Syn. RASHIHBAN. 

H5BABi,-Bn ^y^<A- t.v. (coll.) To fill the 
month ; to cram or stuff the month full ; to 
gorge one's self with : mochi too — , to fill the 
mouth with rice-cake ; naru ga kuri tco — , the 
monkey fills his cheek with chestnuts. 

HoBASHiBA ihi^l^^ ^ n, A mast. 

HoBEH ^^ "fy ^ y^ iff ^ n. An expedient ; a 
pious device, art, invention, plan, or expedient 
need to convert people to Buddhism, or to 
lead a virtuous life ; (it is now not restricted 
to the Bud. meaning) : — wo iu, to mention 
an expedient; — wo megurasu; — wo motte 
hito wo miehibiku; go — na mono. 

Sjn. TEDATE, JXTTBU, HAKABZGOTO. 

H5BKTA iiiff^St n. The cheeks. ' 

HObi 'TsffXi S( H n< A reward : — wo\ 

yaru, to give a reward ; — to ihite kane wo ! 

kud€uarn, gave money as a reward. 
Hobo ifr^ff ^orSg- adv. For the most part; 

ecnnewhat; nearly; almost; partly; generally : 

— niU in, almost alike ; — deki-agatta, nearly 

done. 

Syn. dXAvA, abamasbi, omitmb, taioai. 



H5-B5 jsf^r^^ if a^ adv. Here and there; 
all about ; on all sides ; every direction ; every- 
where; eveiy place : — tagashite mo mppari 
gozaimaten, I have searched in every direc- 
tion but can find none. 
Syn. sHo-sBo, sho-ho. 

HoBd -^i^i^^ V^fl^ '^' ^ species of gumaird, 
Peristethus orieutale. 

H5Bd ^\t^i<y :^ <i Same as /»5A(?. . ^ 

Ho-BUNB lity^ ^fLf(: n. A sailing ship; a 
sail-boat. 

HocHi Tftfyi- tkffP °' ^ews ; information ; 
intelligence: notice; report : — iuru, to notify, 
give intelligence of, inform, report ; — «7ttm- 
bun, a gazette, intelligencer, news. 

H5CBIKX7 ihfFi'^ ^^ {oi-idasu) Driving out; 
expelling; exeommunicating; dismissing; ban*> 
ishing ; ostracising: kozukai wo — mm, to dis- 
miss a servant. 

HdcB5 ^ p f' ^ p ?BT »• A table or 
kitchen knife. 

HScbD T^p^=i.p MM °' Kitchen : kwuhi 
wa — wo toxaku, 
Syn. xuRrrA. 

HoDA «fc ^ n. A rice-field where the rice has 
beaded, or in the ear. 

HoDACBi lit ^ f* n. The head or ear of rice : 

— no thigeki ine. 

HdDAi j\p ^>f ^ Si (used only in combina- 
tion with other words) At will; according to 
one's pleasure ; without restraint ; at liberty: 
Jtito no mi'hodai ni shite oku, to let people 
look at it as much as they please; tori' 
hodai, selling without restraint anything one 
pleases; thi-hodai, doing as one pleases. See 
de-hodai, tori-hodai, 

Hodai j>P jf^ »)6 9I n. A fort, battery. 

HoDAN js y it t^ ji §^ ^' Preaching ; a 
discourse on religious subjects ; a sermon : 

— sum., to preach ; — wo kiku, to listen to a 
sermon. 

Syn. 8£PPO, DANOI. 

HoDANA 7^ty•^ f^lW n. The place on which 
a sail rests when furled. 

HoDASARE,-Rn tK ^ T t^ >^ ^^ (pass. of 
Jiodashi) To be shackled, fettered, hampered, 
encumbered, embarrassed, bound : ho ni hoda^ 
sarete deraremasen, hindered by the child, I 
cannot go out ; mi ni — , encumbered by the 
body ; on mi no nasake ni hodasareta, bound 
by your kindness ; ai ni — , hampered by love. 

HoDASBi -^ ^ i^ fi n. A shackle, fetter, 
clog, hindrance, encumbrance: sai shi ga 
Tiodashi to naru, wife and child become an 
encumbrance. 

HoDASBi,-sn -^^-^ P^ t.v. To shackle; to 
fetter, encumber: uma no aehi wo — , to 
shackle a horse. 
Syn. TSDNAou. 

Ho-DATB iff 7 y T 5i it n. Mode, way, 
manner ; rules, laws ; management : kuni no 
osame-kata no — , laws for the government of 
a state ; ie no — ga wanti, the household is 
badly managed. 

tHoDATE -^Th^T n. The side posts of a gate 



HOD 



172 



HOP 



4H0DABI ihy 9 n* A cask or barrel for hold- 
ing sake. Syn. TABU. 

HoDBBX ih ^ 9 n. Redness of the sky, or of 
the faoe (as in anger). 

HoDO lie 1^ H D- Quantity, of space or time ; 
qaality, kind ; condition or station in life ; as, 
since, because, while, in proportion to : hodo no 
yoi hitOj a man of good manners, a proper or 
pleasant man ; — wo hedateru^ to separate, put 
an interral between; after some time; kore 
hodo, so much, or this much ; tore 1u)do, so 
much, or that quantity; yohodo, a good deal; 
dore hodo, how much? hodo-nakn, very soon, 
a short time; kesa-hodo, in the morning; 
kono — , lately ; ban hodo, evening ; dekiru 
hodo, as much as you can; ftitnbetsu niru 
hodo jama ni naru, the more you think about 
it the worse it is ; anata Itodo no hito ga kayo 
no koto wa shi-to mo nai mono da, I did not 
suppose that such a man as you would do such 
a thing; mi no hodo, one's position in life, 
proper place; shitaku wo suru — nt, whilst 
getting ready ; gomen no hodo negai tatematturi 
$oro, I pray yon to excuse me ; mo nai hodo ni 
agematen, as I have no more I cannot give 
you ; miru hodo no mono wo tabetagari, wants 
to eat everything be sees; tono — nt thitagai, 
to act in accordance with one's condition or 
rank. 

Hodo i)t i? "icfi ^^^ private parts of a 
woman ; i.q. onna no kakushidokoro. 

H5do ^\ ^ I? 'AS. T^' JistM, ordinance, statute. 

Ho-DO ^> ^ 1^ % ^ (mukui no kuni) n. 
Paradise (as being the place where the believ. 
ers in Amida are rewarded.) 

HoDd at tf ^ i^ 4^ ^ — »vru, to dedicate a 
churdi or hall: — thiki, dedication ceremony. 
Syn. KENDO. 

HoDo-Ax lit )? T b fi Pn} n. Interval of space or 
time: mo — ni gozarinutten, 

H0D0BA8HIBASHI,-8U T^ \f ^O =9 H, ^ jft *'^' 

To scatter ; to splash, spatter. 

H0D0BASHIRI,-BU ij« J? /< s^ >u ^ i.v. To fly 
or splash about, spatter about, as water : yu- 
dama tnkakn — , the drops of hot water spat- 
tered high. Syn. hanebu, tobabhibu. 

HoDO-CHiKAi Tjt 1* f- * >f f J aS Soon ; short 
time; near; short distance; not far from. 

HoDOHE,-Bn i)t 1^ ^ ^ ^HSL i-V' After a lapse 
of time; after some time has passed: hodohete 
yukn, to go after a while ; hodohete kore wo 
»him naraba, if hereafter they should know. 

HoDO-HODO ijt h* lit h* fl Jl (plural) Positions, 
ranks, or places in life ; very much ; greatly ; 
various times : — liana wo chirathi tsuru kana, 
how much have the flowers fallen ! — gi-shin 
wo kamurii, he greatly admired his honesty ; 
— shidai, according to their respective ranks ; 
mi no — «i ehitagau. 

HoDOKE,-BU ijt J? >* ^ W i-v- Untied; loosed ; 
to relax, remit, give up : miuubi-me ga Ivodo- 
keta, the knot is untied; obi ga — , the belt is 
loose ; ki no hodokenai hito, a person of a hard 
unyielding spirit. 
Syn. TOKEBU. 



HoDOKz,-KU ihb*^ fif t.v. To nntie, loose: 

ito no muiubore wo — , to unloose tangled 

thread; gwan wo — , to perform a vow. 
Syn- Tosn. 
HoDoxosHi ijt 1^ a v ^ n. Bestowment of 

alms or charitable gifts. 
HoDOKOsHi,-su ih 1^ a ^ 1t^ t.v. To give alms; 

to bestow, confer, impart; to use or practice; 

to administer; to do: hdbi wo — , to confer s 

reward; kome wo — , to give rice in ehariky; 

hakarigoto wo — , to practise a stratagem; 

membokn wo — , to get a name, to be praised; 

vma ni kutsuwa %co —; to put a bit in a horse's 

mouth. 
Syn. SEOTO rubu, sazuke-ataebu. 
HoDOKD ih <r f? ^ # ft {»asage yomn) n. 

Respectfully holding up an Imperial order or 

official document and reading it to others. 
HoDONAKU 7hrf + ^ SIfl adv. In no time; 

immediately; without interval of time or 

space ; at once. 

Syn. TAOATE, MAVONASU. 

HoDOBAi -^1?^ ^ n. (ooU.) The capacity, size, 
or quality of things ; the station or position 
in life or society. 

HoDOBO 1^ 1? n n. A fern in its full grown 
state. 

HoDOYoi,-Ki-KU-sHi tK h* 3 >f adj. Proper in 
degree or quantity ; just right; agreeable, plea- 
sant. 

HoE J>y JL 'f^if n. An assembly of Bud. 
priests for the performance of religious cere- 
monies : — wo nasu. 

Hoe /m>31 JS^ u. The afterbirth, placenta 
and membranes. 

Syn. SNA, MOCHIZAN. 

Hoe /\y at -j^ ^ n. The clerical dress, oi 
clothes worn by Bud. priests. 

HoE,-BU tK jft * ^ i.v. To bark ; to bellow, 
roar, howl, bay ; to cry, as an animal : inn ga 
— , the dog barks ; tuhi ga — , the cow 
bellows; hoe-kakeru, to bark at. 

Hoe EI Tltja^ i^ S (oginaimain) — tunt.to 
repair a defect, to recruit, invigorate : kekki no 
fusoku wo — , to repair the vital powers. 
Syn. TAsn. 

HoEN i]« j& V n. A long corridor or gallery. 

HoEN -^N ^ Ji V ^ B ('hikakn maru) Sqaaie 
and round : mti» wa — no ntmwa ni shita- 
gat ; hito wa zen aktt no tomo ni yoru^ water 
takes the shape of the vessel in which it is, so 
a person becomes like those he associates with. 

HoB-zuBA TiiA*/f ^S {naki-gao) n. (coU.) 
The face of one crying. 

HoFUKa i)«7 ^ m d {harabai) n. Creeping; 
crawling (as a worm). 

HoFUKu J\y y ^ '<^JR («o*^ no koromo) The 
clerical dress of a Bud. priest : — wo aialoii, 
to put on — . 

HoFUKU js p y i^ it^ (hara wo kakaeru) 
Holding one's sides from excess of laogbtex : 
— zettO no itari; — ni taeza. 

Ho-FUKDBASHi,-8U Tjt 7}« 7 ^ 9 5^ i.v. To dis- 
tend or puff out the cheeks; to pout; to look 
sullen or displeased. 



HOF 



178 



HOI 



HoFnBi,-Bu iK 7 ^ ^ t.y. To slaughter ; to 
kill, massacre ; tuhi wo — , to slaughter an ox. 
Sjn. soBOBU. 

HdruTST) J^ifyy 4^ # (tamo ninC^ Just 
alike ; resembliug each other. 

HooA a^tfir 4^ tiv n. CoDtribotions for re- 
ligioaa purposes ; — Jktn, money contributed 
to temples ; — too «nni, to contribute. 

Syn. KXSHIH, KAKKB, KIFU. 

EooA »^ "^ -^ M ^ (ff{«5ae) n. A shoot, 
branch. 

HooACHo «)(i;d(rf"V^4&ir'tt°* ^ subscrip- 
tion book, in which contributions for religious 
purposes are written. 

fHooAZ -dMSM j^ (twat) Wishing a blessing or 
happiness to come on another: — btto, a 
beggar. 

fHoGAi,-An -itfjy t.y. To wish or pray for a 
blessing to rest upon a person. 

HooAKX y\ 7 ^ 4i *^ IF ^« ^ recipe, receipt, 
formola, prescription. 

HooAKU ^-^if-ffp i^ ^ n. Direction, point 
of the compass, quarter, bearing, locality: 
Tokyd no — wa doehira^ in what direction is 
Tdkyo ? dono — ni ataru, in what direc- 
tion is it ? 

H5-oAxn ^^yif^ <i V ^' Science of law, 
jurisprudence. 

HoGAXi iK ^ 1 HJ: BS °* Pit of the stomach ; 
epigastric region. Syn. uunasaki. 

HooABAKA Tit if '^ ij ^ tid}. Bright, clear, 
spactDos, wide: tsuki ga — , the moon is 
bright; — na t«, a spacious house; — ui 
ginzttTH, 

HoGB 4cy ^fE, n. Heat. 

SyU. HONd, KABN, AT8USA. 

H50BI -iH^y^ 4^3i&- {tinkae tatematsnrn) n. 
Beeeiving the Emperor : — suru. 

HooBZi ^\^y^ ^'9 (taiho de utHu) Bom- 
barding, firing at with cannon : — suru, to 
bombard. 

HooBN -^M> y y ^ "S" {hoshii mamn no hotoba) 
Unrestrained and abusive language : — wo 
kaku, 

HooBx ^y '^ y ^ :^ "5 ». Provincialism, 
dialect. Syn. vamabi, kuni-kotoba. 

HoGZTA Htyst tlL% n- The yard or spar 
to which a sail is fastened. 

iHo6i,-oo * f i.v. Same as hogai: hogi-uta, 
a song of congratulation or blessing. 

HoGo » 7 =f t^t^ {horitiu no kotoba) n. 
Law term. 

EoGO >r% ^ =f IS tt n- Protection; defense: — 
suru, to protect, to defend, guard ; to take care 
of, shelter ; — zei, protective tariff ; — boeki, 
protective trade ; — no ho, protective laws. 

S^n. MAVOBXT, TASUKEBU, SHUGO. 

Hdoo ^^yifff 3c W n- The name given by 
the Buddhists to a deceased person ; pobtbu- 
moas name. 

Syn. SAimrd. doUTo. 
Hooo ^-^t^-ffy ^feo^ {kumi-nu) n. Combining I 
different things together ; combination: kuituri | 
wo — BurUj to combine medicines. i 

Syn. cb5o5. 



Hooo8Hi,-BU Tit ^y^ t.v. To fray. 

H5oD ) ^ ^ / ^ iSC n. Waste-paper ; paper 

Hoouj scraps. 

HoouBE,-BU tJ« jr* u >u i.v. Untied, loosed, 
unlaced, unraveled, frayed, untwisted : /Mro< 
thiki ga — . the wi-apper is frayed. 

HoocsBi 4( / i^ )^ ^ The stick to which 
a torch ia fixed ; a pine torch ; the tube of a 
rocket. 

Hoau8Hi,-8D * /x t.v. To unravel, to fray, 
untwibt. 

HoowAi f-^y fv A 'Ji ^ ('<o no hoka) Con- 
trary to rule or usage ; extraordinary ; anoma- 
lous ; outrageous ; exorbitant ; excessive : — no 
ne wo iu, to ask an exorbitant price ; — fa 
ehigau^ exceediu«;ly diffei'eut; — na koto wo 
iu ; — na nwiio, 

HoowAN ^Mjr / T7 V ijsj 'g n. An officer of 
the 5th rank. 

HoowAN -^> ^ / y 5/ ^-^L Balls (cnnuon or 
musket) — nine no gotoshi, 

HooTO 4( ^ ^ 3 iS !i^ n* The death of the 
Mikado. 

HootC J^tf^t^ $1 4- n- The yak, or grunt- 
ing ox, Bos grunnicus. 

Syn. SABA MO KA8HTBA. 

HoHATSXT ?\ ^ ^y y fj^ S (leppo wo utnu} 

Firing or discharging a gun. 
fHoHBi ^ 'H >f i^ :^ n. Foot-soldier; 

infantry. 
HoHEi >s iQr ^ >f % /^ n. Artillery-i)ian» 

guuuer, oauuonier. 
HoHEi tK ^ ^ >f 0i^ T^' Offerinp: to the 

ktnni : — it/i/, a person sent by the Eujpuror 

to niakH • offerings to a komi. 
HoHEN •iti^^i/' ^ ^ [home kuiathi) Praise 

and censure ; reward and punishment : yo nu 

— wo k<urimitu. 

HoHiGB 7)c ^ b y ^ ^ T^' The beard on the 

cheeks ; whiskers. 
HoHd j\y *\y aj jj adv. (coll.) In a creep- 
ing, skulking manner; sneaking: — no tei de 

nigern, to creep or slink away. 
H6h6 ^^y f^y "^ ^^ n. Method, way, mode- 

of doing, process, system, scheme. 
HoHOEMi,-vu ih 4« ^3^ «B^ l«t $^ ^•'^- To smile^ 

laugh gently. 
Hoi tJ« >f :j^j ^ n. A court dress worn by 

inferior goveiiiment officeis, or common 

X>eople. 
Hoi i)c>f i^% (same as Iwni^ Desire ; wish: 

— fiat, not according to one's mind or desire. 
HQi -»N ^ ^ ;8r {i n. The quarter or poiut 

of the compass from which good or bad luck 

proceeds: Xoshi no — ; — hy^, a table or 

diagram of the lucky and unlucky days of the 

year. 
Hoi ?^y A "^ ^ n. The garments woni by 

Baddliist priests ; clerical garments. 
Hoi ih ^ # ^^ {yikara no kurai) n. Im> 

perial throne. 
Hon? j\y A ^^ Ji f P "• ^^® name of a rank 

among the Buddhists and yamabwhi, 
HoiBo i)« 'f p !)S"j^ n. An utensil made of 

paper used for heatmg tea-leaves. 



HOI 



174 



HOK 



H5ITBU J^t; Jf y jilll n. The elam and the 
heron : — no aras&i (pror.), like the conten- 
tion of — , in which the fisherman got all the 
benefit. 

H5IT8U ^\f^ Jf ^ ft 3& Bissolnte, profligate. 
Syn. HdTo, bubu. 

Hoji ^\y v^ 4^ n* Prayers and religions 
ceremonies of the Baddhist, generaUy those 
performed on the anniversary of a death; 
mass. Syn. tbuizkn. 

H5jt,-bu lit^-pCA- i^ t.v. To roast, parch, or 
fire, as tea : eha wo hdjirUf to fire tea. 

H6ji,-bu tH P ^ ^ 1^ t.v. To grant the 
right of ruling over ; to set over, as ruler (as 
a province): nanigashi wo muioshi ni — . 

Hoji,-BU j^p^A' ^ (muku) To repay, re- 
quite; to recompense; to avenge; to answer; 
to report, tell, proclaim, publish : on wo — , to 
repay a kindness ; ada wo — , to take vengeance 
on an enemy; kachi wo — , to proclaim a 
victory. 

Syn. EOTABBU, KAESU, SBIRlBBBn. 

H6ji,-bu ijt t> 5f A' }^ i.v. To die (used only 

of the mikado). 
Hojioni y\^5?/b XS^t^n. Posts set up 

to mark the boundaries of a country. 
Syn. SAZAi-oui. 
Hoju[ubi,-bu Tjts^^A- t.v. To dig np, grub 

up : karaiu ga tane wo — , the crows dig up 

the seeds. 
HoJiBi,-Bn ih s^ ^ ^ t.v. To dig up ; to pick 

out : imo wo — , to dig up potatoes ; buta ga 

tsuchi wo — , the hog roots up the ground; 

toge wo — , to pick out a thorn. 
fiojiBo ijtt>a^n iSM Mb ^' ^® name of a 

bird. 
HoJisHi ih 3^ i^ M n. Dried flesh. 
Hojo ih s? 3 .f ^ ^' Aid, help, assistance : 

— turUf to aid, assist. 

Syn. TETSUDAI, TABUKB. 

HGJd -'^^f'■Yl> ;2r i. n. A monastery; a 
Buddhist priest. 

Hojo J^trif-yt^ ^4 (ikern wo hanatsu) 
Setting free live things that have been con- 
flned (as birds, etc.), as a meritprious work or 
as offerings to the dead: hSjo ye^ a festival. 

HoJUTsu ^M^rs^a.? ^(^ n. Musket exercise ; 
artillery tactics. 

HoJUTSU ^\ ^ 3^ :x 7 vi f^ n* Magical arts : 

— sAt, a magician. 

QoKA Hs-n ^ Different, another, besides, ex- 
cept ; the others ; other part ; the rest ; outside, 
external : kono hoka nifude ga fiai, I have no 
pencil except this; hoka no hitOy a different 
person ; hoka ye deta, he has gone out ; iono 
hoka, besides tnat, moreover ; — no koto de wa 
gozarimaten, nothing veir special, or im- 
portant ; only, simply (used apologetically). 
Syn. Yoso, betsu. 

HoKAOE -^fi y 9c §i n* The light of a flre 
or lamp : — ni miru, to see by — . 

HoKA-HoxA -^fjiitfj ady. i.q. hoko-lufko^ 

HoEAi 4( ^ >f if Igt n. A box or tub used 
for holding food. 
Syn. BKNXd* 



HoKAXE iHi!^ ^ # n. Hanging up the 
heads of rice to dry, or as offerings to the 
Kami. 

Hokakebune -^ij^ y^ tfL 44* Ht n* A sail- 
boat ; a sailiuK ship. 

HoKAxxTBi 4ipfj^*) |g ^ n. Covering the 
head with the handkerchief : — wo twru, 

HoKAN ^"^ t^ fj i^ -^ a n. A pharmaoopcss, 
medical formulary, receipt book. 

HdKAN iittfij ^ 9fiQ* A manual, hand- 
book; an example: yakuvui — , manual of 
materia medica. 

HoKAN -^^fis^ ^ K Itaiko-mochi) n. A 
buffoon, harlequin, mountebank, down. 

HoKA8Hi,-su ihH^ ft 'F *•▼• (coll-) To thro^ 
away, oast away, fling away ; to pick or pall 
apart, unravel. 

Syn. HOBtT, NAOBBU. 

iHoKE 4( ^ ;j^ 1^ n. Father's house ; home. 

Syn. OTAZATO. 
H6ke,-bu Tjt ^ ^ I*' i.v. Frayed, abraded, 

as cloth. 
HoKE,-BU ) ih ^ '■^ i-v. To be childish from old 
H5ke,-bu j age ; to be in one's dotage. 

Syn. oiBOBEBU. 
HoKBBOKEBHiKi,-xn-8Hi Hi ^ nf ^ l^ ^ adj. 
Silly ; foolish ; childish. 

Syn. OBOKANABU, BOKETA. 

H5xE-DACHi,-TB0 ihiti^^y i-v- (coll.) To be 
frayed, rubbed out, abraded. 

Syn. KXBADATSU, HOTSUBBBU. 

HoKBi ^spirJf -^f^n. A square figure or 
diagram : cho — , a parallelogram. 

HoKEisHi ihi>^>fi-SlRWn. An adrocate, 
intercessor. 

HoKEN /\ ^ 9" ^ #)- % !>• The feudal 
system of government, in which the Daimy5, 
made all the official appointments, managed 
the revenues and all the affairs of his o«n 
territory. 

H5-KEN ^>f; ir^ t^ik An offering, or any- 
thing dedicated to a kami: —funi, to de- 
dicate. 

H5KEM ihif dr vI^HF »*) (^O'^fd no tncm^*) n. 
A sword such as is worn by the Kdtmi or 
Temhi. 

HoKEM I ^ i> >- V ^^ (ayauki wo ukeai) n. 

HoKENJ Insurance: — «tiru, to insure; — ryo, 
premium of — ; — gaisha , — company ; kwa- 
iai — , flre — ; ieimei — , life — ; ka^d — ♦ 
marine — . 

HoKETsn ih^ y ^ W (AaA« ogenau) Making 
good or supplying adeficiency : — turu. 

HoKETsn js^ ^y ft ]ia {chi wo da$u) Let* 
ting blood : — kikai, an instrument for let- 
ting blood ; a scarificator. 

HoKEzi7Ki,-xa ittif ir^ i^ i.v. To look like a 
dead person ; cadaverous. 

HoKi ^>^N^ H^ n. A broom. 

HoKi ^N ^ ^ ii f^ (luiehi no gotoku ok^ru) n. 
Bising in insurrection, or as a mob: — «Km, 
to rise in insurrection. 
Syn. iKxi. 

HoEi j\t^ ^ y H {takara mono) A preeiona 
thing or valuable utensil. 



HOE 



175 



HOM 



H5KIBOSHI ^>*>^iif l^ 9 S^ n, A comet. 

Sjn. KSI8EI. 
H0KI-DASBI,-8U lie + ^5^ t.V. (CoU.) To Bpit 

OQt ; eject from the moath : i.q. ]iakida$u, 
fHoKui Tit ^ f^ X2- A dangerous mountain 

road, or path. 
EoKiK ^N ^ ^ V fp ^ {kuni no okite) n. The 

laws or prohibitions of a country. 
fioKi-To -^ ^ h adv. Cracking, snapping: 

— orw, to snap off. 

HoEKAi tK ^ ^ >f it<$ (&i<<> ^ '"f^O n- ^1^6 

Arctic ocean, North sea : — dd, Teso. 
HoKKE ^ 7 ^ -^ 1^ n. The name of a sect 

of Buddhists: — kyo, the sacred books of this 

sect. 
HoKxi -ity ^ S( % — 'V'^i ^o <^^Be or spring 

up, set a-going; to start, set on foot, originate, 

inaugurate : — ntn, originator. 
HonoKu :4c ^ 13 ^ 4h B {^^ no ^ni) n. 

Northern country. 
HoKKOBi ^739 adv. (coll.) Tired, fatigued : 

— to shita. 

HoKsn iH 7 ^ S ^ °* ^ ^^^^ ^' yene con- 
sisting of 17 syllables. 
HoKKTOKu iH ^ ^ 9 ^ jh S n> The north 

pole : — sei, the polar star. 
HoKo 7|t =1 $i n. A kind of spear ; a hal- 
berd : Itoko-takU the point of a spear. 
HoKo * * ^ ^ ff n. Walking : — «uni, to 
walk. 
Syn. ARUKU. 
HoKu 7|c ^ =3 ^ ^ ^ n. Service; duty done to 
a master ; the labor, business, or duty of a 
senrant : — 9uru\ — too UutomurUt to perform 
the dalies of a servant. 
Homo ^^p-fJtf :^ (^ n. Direction ; aim ; ob- 
ject ; pursuit: — wo tadameru; — wo aya- 
maru. 
Boko ^i>=i^ ^il^n* A feudal baron. 
H5k6 ^^if ^Vif ^3. {Ina-atsuki aruku) — 
sum. to ramble, roam about. 

Sjn. BAIKWAI. 

HoKooi lie 3 4f n. A spear-ahaped pale (of a 

fence). 
Hoxo-Hoxo 4« => 4(3 iK SI ^^^- Warm, com- 
fortable : kimono wo kitaraba — turu, by 
wearing clothes I become warm. 
B.6KOKU >^ fr a ^ ^ B {kufd ni muknyuru) n. 

Patriotism : — no kokoroz<uhi aUuihi. 

HoKOKU >rx ^ a ^ tk%r n. Ck}mmuuication, 

messai^e ; a report (as of a committee): — «/io, 

a written report ; — •«m, to report. 

HoKox ^% 1^ a V i^ 4^ n. Present time; now. 

HdKosnx il«i5^3^^v<fc^An. A servant: 

— konjO, a mercenary or sordid spirit. 
HoKORA, or HoKUBA i|« 3 9 ^ &• A small 
Shinto Bbxine; the treasure house of a miya. 
HoKOBASBiKi,-KU-BBi 7)t 3 9 i^ ^ adj. That 
which one may be proud of, boast of, or exult 
in. 
fioKOKi ift =3 9 Jt^ n* Fine-dust ; a very small 
fraetlon : '— ga tattu, the dust rises ; — wo 
harau^ to dust ; — /tarat, a duster ; ga deru^ 
there is a very small fraction over. 

gyn. CBXBI, OOMI« 



HoKOBi,-Bn -^ zt ]^ p^ i.T. To be vain, proud, 
conceited, puffed up ; to vaunt ; to boast ; to 
glory in ; to exult in : chikara ni kokoru, to be 
vain of one's strength ; ken-i ni hokotte Into wo 
miiagerttf to be vain of one's authority and 
despise others. 
Syn. jiuAN suru, soman. 

iHoEORiKA NI Titz3^)f!z^ adv. Boastfully. 

HoKOROBi i]« 3 n If n. A rip or opening of a 
seam ; a rent, tear : — wo nU, to sew up a rent. 

HoxoROBi,-Bn ^ 3 R :^ j|^ i.v. Bipped open, 
as a seam; torn; to open, as flowers; to 
bloom: nui-me ga — , the seam is ripped; 
liana ga — , the flower is open. 
Syn. HODOKXBU, tokebu. 

HoKu 7)t ^ jb {kita) North : hoku-fu, north- 
\vind. 

HoKucHi ijt ^ f" >)^ V7 n. Tinder. 

HoKu-MEN ih ^ > V ^h ^ T^- The body-guard 
of the Teiuhi, who stood facing the north, and 
the Emperor, who always sat facing the 
south : — wo samurai, id. 

HoKURO ih i^ xi MsM ^' ^ mole, freckle. 

HoKcsHiN ih ^ 9^^ jb R °* The north star.. 

HoKuso Tie ^ 9 n. Tinder ; a mole. 
Syn. HOKUCHI. 

HoKusoEMr,-Ma iK ^ V :£ a tSk^ i*^* ^^ 
smile. S^'U. hohoemu. 

HoKusowARAi ;h ^ V T7 5 b u. Laughiugfrom 
joy ; a joyful laugh. 

Hokut5 Hi ^ > i; it ^ ^- ^^6 constellation 
Great Bear, Ursa Major. 

HoKWA jsff if V ila )k Setting on fire: ie ni 

— surUf to set a house on fire. 

Syn. TSDEEBI. 

HoxwAi Tft ^ ^ T7 -f ifi 3?" {kuMureni) — fwrw, 
to cave down ; fall or slide down, as part of a 
mountain. 

HoKWAN 7)t ^ ^ ^ V 4L aS {Itaeshi tatematsuru) 

— suru, to give back; to return, restore (to 
the Emperor). 

HoEWATSD ^^'p ^ vy tli^ — »«^» *o hi- 

elude, comprehend, embrace. 
Ho-XTo ih 1^ ^ 3 {r jt tS; {saku fiuaku) 

Fruitful and unfruitful, as a year. 
H6kt6 .'m^+'Y^ feS »• (med.) Phymosis. 
HoETtr ihtf ^y jl(L #^ n. Salary ; wages ; sti- 
pend ; pay. Syn. etObto. 
HoMACHi 7h "▼ f* n. Perquisite : kore wa yaku 

nin no — da, this is the officer's perquisite. 
HoM AE-SEN Tfc^^-tiv^lffHi^n. A sailing 

ship. 
HouABE -^^ u ^ n. Praise, eulogy, fame, 

renown, celebrity: — wo arawasu, to get 

renown ; — wo torn, to get praise. 
Syn. MEiYo. 
HoicBA 7h V /^ ^ ^ ^» *^^^ original place 

from which any production has issued: cha 

no — wa uji, 
HoMBU ih V :/ ^ 9|{ n* Prmcipal or head 

office. 
HouBUKU -iti^y^ 4^ fl[ {moto ye kaem) n. 

Bestoration to health; recovery from sickness: 

— shita, restored to health. 

Syn. ZENKWAI, KWAI-KI, NAOBI, ITE. UKIYtJ. 



HOM 



176 



HON 



HoirarN Tjt V y V ;$: ^ p. One's duty, 

proper office, natural obligation. 
HouBDBi ;)« > y 9 n* A natural or steady 

rain, i.e. not a squall, or shower. 
HoMF,-RU -i^ ^ A' 9t- t.v. To praise, eulogize, 

commend, applaud, extol : hiio wo — , to praise 

another ; homuru tra $oihiru no mbtoi (prov.), 

praise is the foundation of calumny. 
HoxEZ jsff ^ ^ ^^ (lit. fragrant name) n. 

Fame ; good name. 
HoMEisHU <)f 1^ .)( i^ ^ n. A kind of medicated 

sake, 
HoMEKi,-icu 7h > ^ iS iv. To be like fire ; 

hot; to have a fever: mi ga liotiiehut the body 

is hot. 

Syn. ATSUI. 
H5MEN /M> ji V ;Jr ® n. Direction ;" side or 

quarter which one faces or moves towards. 
HoMEN /\ T> > V ^5^ n. (leg.) Release ; 

acquittal ; discharge ; a forerunner of a noble's 

train (obs.) : — iuru, to acquit, release. 

Syn. HANATSU. 
H0MEBABE,-BU "lit Jf ^ \^ f^ jift # (paSS. of 

homeru) To be praised : hito ni — . 

H0ME-S0YA8HI,-SD * > )^ "V ^ SJ 8t *•▼• To 

praise and encourage ; to inspirit ; auimate by 
praising ; to praise exceedingly. 
HoMiiA 7h^^ ^A (ooU.) True, truth: -^de 
gotaimasUf it is true. 

Syn. HONTO, MAEOTO, 8HINJITSU. 

HouMARU ^ v^ ^ ^ ^ u. The inner part 

or citadel of a daimyo's castle. 
HoMMATBU -^i^-r y ^H^ {moto to sue) Root 

and branches ; (fig.) beginning and end ; first 

and last ; the particulars : — wo shiraberu, 
HommO ihv^^ j^^ n. One's great desire, 

or principal object : — wo togeru, to obtain 

one's desire. 
HoMuoN ^^'^v y^iC ^' The text of a 

commentary or of a book, as distinguished 

from the notes. 
Hommt5 *v$-V^ ^i n. True or real 

name. 

Syn. JIT8UMT0, KAMORI. 

Homo j\7 ^t^ Ji IN {okite no ami) The net 

of the law : tsumi wo okashite — ni kakaru. 
Ho-MOMBN :4«%>>^ ifi^ifi ^' Sail-cloth ; 

canvas. 
HOmon /\<r^v flSn °' A port-hole, port, 

embrasure. 
H5mon ^ ^ % 2^ fi :^ u* ^^6 Sud. canonical 

books, words or writings: — wo toku, to 

explain — . 
HoMONo -'Mjr ^ >; £ & n. Creeping thing ; 

insect ; re))tile. 
HoMOTSU 4( ^ % 7 ^ # (sasage mono) n. 

C^erings to the Kami or Hotoke. 
HoMOTSU ^xijr * ^ jf ^ {takara) n. Things 

valued, prized and rare. 
Houpd Tjt V -^^ ^ 3J»i fP {waga kunl) My 

counti7 ; this country. 
HoMURA ilt A 9 ^ n* The flame of fire : — 

wo moycuut to be inflamed with anger or 

jealousy; mune no — • 
Syn. H0»5. 



H5UDBI '^N {p A 9 }| n* Interment, buri&l, 

sepulture, inhumation. 
HouuBi,-Bn -r\ ^ A ii* ^ t.Y. To bury a dead 

person ; to inter : haka ni — , to bury in s 

grave. 
Syn. uzuxBRU. 
H5VYAKU >»N75-Y^ vtlSl^ n. Doctrines, 

teachings of Buddha. 
H5tfY5 jsy \^^ J^ jg n. The name gi?en 

to a deceased person by the Buddhists ; postha- 

mous name. 
Syn. SAiMYd, h5o5, 
Hon lit s/ 7^ n. A book: — too arawasu, to 

publish a book ; — wo Jian ni okosu, id.; 

— wo kakUf to write a book ; — wo tsukuntt 
to make a book ; — too yomu, to read a book; 

— wo tojirut to bind a book ; — wo uUusUf to 
copy a book. 

Syn. SHOMOT8X7, 8H0AEU. 

Hon tH^^ j^ Original ; principal ; main ; trne; 
real ; genuine ; fixed ; settl^ ; present ; nu- 
meral for pencils, posts, sticks, masts, etc.: 

— jitsH, to day ; — nen, this year ; lum- 
neden, fixed price ; hashira ippon, one mast ; 
fuds ni hoHi two pencils; — getsti, this 
month ; — ya, main building. 

HoNAiti 7h-h % II ^ n. The even rows of 
the ears of rice, or of any grain. 

HoNCHfi liii^Ttf 7^iJ\ n. One's native coun- 
try, Japan. Syn. wagakuni. 

HonchSshi 7h v^ i5r i' ;4^ 1^ ^ n. The key 
note. 

Homdama 1}(v^-^7k.|^n. A book case. 

HoNDANA l}«v^-^ ;^ ;g n. The original or 
principal store. 

Hondo ih^^t^ ;^ (^ n. The main or prlo- 
cipal part of a temple. 

Hondo i)tv^i> ;j>^ £8 '^^ Internal treatment 
of disease (not surgery). 

HoMKOKU lit V a ^ n. The silk stufF of which 
women's belts are made. 

Home Ht^ ^ ti, A bone : — no tsugai^ the 
articulation of a bone ; — wo nodo ni tateru, 
to get a bone in the throat ; — wo oru, to 
break a bone; (fig.) to be industnoas, la- 
borious ; — too eMgaerUf to dislocate a bone ; 

— wo kujikut to sprain a bone; — wo tsngu^ 
to set a dislocated bone ; — mi ni tessuru, to 
pierce through the flesh and bones, feel deeply ; 

— wo oshimu, to spare one's self, dislike the 
labor or trouble ; elidcHn no — , the bamboo 
ribs of a lantern ; shdji no — , the frame of 
a screen ; . 5gi no — , the sticks of a fan. 

Home-chioax ih^f-^Tb i^Sn. Dislocation 

of a bone. 
HoNEOARAMi Hi ^ if ^ I f^ f^ n. Rbeumatio 

pains in the bones. 
HoNEOuMi nt^ f I rf* ^ n. The knitting 

together of the bones ; the bony frame ; the 

framework: — no takumashii hitOt a man 

strongly Knit together. 
HoNEN Thtf^i^ S^ (yutakana toshi) A 

fruitful year. 
HoNE-NASHi ih jp. -^ i^ n. (coll.) Wilhouk 

bones ; softening of the bones. 



HON 



177 



HON 



HoRS-oBi ih ^ 7 9 ii(t -p n. Labor, toil, 
indastry, activity, exertion : — slutjotOt hard 
work. 
Syn TiiGi. 
HoNE-oBi,-BD -^ ^ y fu fg-iy i.v. To be 
laborioas ; to toil, work bard ; to be iudustri- 
oos, diligent: hoiuotu ihiijoto wo iuru, to 
labor diligently at one*s work. 
Homppoi iH^y i^^ Fall of bon^s (as a fisb) ; 
bony, thin, emaciated; (met.) dispatatioos, 
fnarrelsome. 
HoNK-Tsooz 4c ^ 7 ^ m ^ ^- Bone-setting : 
— itlia, a bone-setter; — wo suru^ to set 
bones. 
HoxoBN * i^ / V ;^ jfSF n. Origin. 
IHoNOO * > r/ n. Waste paper ; i.q. hoffn, 
* HoNooKu ^ V :f ^ ^ B ("M><o '^ ^wU) Native 
country. 
HoNOTAxa Th ^ ^ -y ^ iE.$ n. Bebellion, 
revolt, sedition : — wo kuwadatmruj to plan 
rebellion. 
Hos-i 7jtv>r ^% n. Desire, mind, inten- 
tion, object, inclination, purpose: — ni 
kanau, to accord with one's mind; —ftii so- 
muku, to be contrary to one's inclination. 
HoK-i i]« ^^# ;^{i n. Standard of money: 

— kwa-heiy standurd coin. 
HoNHi 4c j^ V H^ — ftirti, to appoint or as- 
sign to an office or dnty. 
Syn. mMKWAN. 
Hosjx 4t V s^ ^^ n> The original or first 
temple, from which others have branched off. 
HoNjnr 4c v f s^ ;jc Bl n. The headquarters 
of an encampment ; the hotel where a daimy5 
stopped in traveling. 
HoN-jiTSU i)(Vs^7 :i^ 19 n. This day; to- 
day ; same day. 
HoNXB ilt >' y 4^ti {^oto no ie) n. The 

homestead, the principal family. 
HomrxN 4c 3^ ^ v ;^ ^ n. This year ; same 

jear. 
HoH-Ki 4c V ^ jjp. adv. (coll.) Truly, indeed, 
really. 

Syn. MAKOTO-NI, JIT8U-N1. 

KonnnTS 4cv ^ V ;^ A n- The principal, 

chief man, ringleader. 
Syn. T62nN, HOTTo-mN. 
HoN-NO 4c 2^ 7 t^ ^m ^' Natural ability or 

power ; iastinct (of animals). 
Hox^oBi-TO 4c V 7 V adv. (coll.) With a slight 

blash of redness, lightly shaded: — yo ga 

aketa. 
Hosid 4c y' 71V ^ n« The fiame of fire : — ga 

aparu. Syn. kwatbn. 
Ht>-K5 4« ^ -^ ^ ^i^ (osame tatematntru) 

Anything presented or dedicated to the kami : 

— Miiru, to dedicate or present to the kami ; 

— adori^ a dance before a Miya in honor of 
the Kami. 

Hoxo-Bovo -it Jnf J adv. Dimly, duskily, 
obseixrely, faintly: — izuru tayama no tsukif 
the rising of the moon above the distant 
mountains; — mieru, dimly seen; yo no — 
ak€ ni maird, I will come at the early dawn 
of morning. 
33 



HoNo-ouRAi.-Ki-KO 4c ^ / 5 ^ adj. Dim or 
gray twilight ; obscure : — uchi m, while it ii 
yet twiliglit. 

HoMOGURB -i^ ) f \^ %^ n. The evening 
twilight. 

HoNOKA NI 4« i' tr ^ tf H ^itnly< indistinctly, 
obscurely, slightly, faintly : — ui kiku^ to hear 
indistinctly ; — mir\i^ to see dimly. 

Syn. XABOKA-MI, BONTARI. 

HoiioMXKA8Hi,-8U Hs } ji fi "^ t.v. To alludc 
to, mention incidentally ; to hint at ; to touch 
slightly upon : ma^motte honomekashite oku, 
to allude to a matter beforehand. 

HoNouKKi,-su 4c y' > ^ i.T. To shine witb ft 
dim light ; to be indistinctly heard, or seen ; 
kvmo-ma kara tittki ga honomeku^ tbe moon 
shines dimly between the clouds. 

Homo hi 4c >/ ^ adv. Dimly ; obscurely ; in- 
distinctly. 

HoNBAz 4( 2^ 9 >r ;^ 3K (motoyori) Originally ; 
from the beginnmg; from the first; truly; 
heretofore. 

Syn. GWANBAI. 

HoMBAi 4c vf >f 4^ # {if^oto no ttuma) n. Tha 
real wife, as distinguished from the con- 
cubine. 

HoM-sBKi iit ^ -^ ^ ;^ H n. Beal or true 
citizenship. 

HoMSHixi 4c V i^ ^ ^^ The due form, 
full or complete mode; all the forms and 
ceremonies without curtailing any: -'- ni 
turu. 

HoMSHnr 4cvi^ v j^ i<^ {moto no kokoro) n. 
The right mind ; the mind in its original state, 
free from evil and nncorrupted; the con- 
science : — ni taehikaerut to return to one's 
right mind; to reform the life ; — tit thitagau, 
to act according to right reason or conscience ; 

— wo uihinaUt to lose one's mind ; to act like 
one destitute of reason. 

HoNSHo 4c>' i^ 9 4^ ^ n. The head office 

(of police). 
Honsh5 40"$^^^ ^^ n- One's original 

or natural disposition ; true character : na- 

may ox — tagawazu^ a drunken man acts true 

to his nature ; — ga Uuita, has come to his 

senses. 
Honshoeu 4cv^9^ ^ffi ^' Principal 

business, or occupation. 
HoMSHOKu 4cv5^3^ ;^g^n. Tru8 or real 

character ; characteristic. «' 

Houso 4c V it ^ # /^ (hathiru) — - #Mni, to 

go or walk about : itha ga ryoji ni achikocH 

— 8uru, the doctor goes about here and 
there prescribing for the sick. 

HoMTAi 4c 2^ Jr >f 1^^ Tx, True form, real 

substance ; i.q. jittai, 
HoHTAKU 4c V jr ^ T^% {^oto no ie) n. The 

homestead ; the mansion, or original place of 

residence. 
Honte, or HoTx 4c v T ^ ^ n. An honest 

or true grip in wrestling, of whieU there an 

said to be 48 kinds. 
Hontei 4c V T 'f ;4;: ]^ n. Principal reii 

dence of a noble. 



HON 



178 



HOB 



Hont5 -^ i^ St if y^i^ (coll.) True; real; 
genaine : — ilea uto ka, is U trad or false? — 
de gozarimatUj it is trae ; — ni ihirimaien, 
indeed I don't know. 
Syn. MAXOTO, jitsu. 
Hoinii ih 5t b n. A sail-maker. 
HoMUMo ih^^ !)9L^ n* Sail-cloth; canvas. 

Syn. HOMouEN. 
HoNTA 4( V' ir IF ^ °- ^ ^^^^ store. 

Syn. sHOBiN 
HoNTAKU i}(V-V^ Hl^n. A translation : 

— 8uru, to tra ns late, to interpret, render 
into another limgoage ; — kybkut the trans- 
lating department; — '«Aa, a translator; 
yei-go wo wa-go ni — , to translate from the 
English language into the Japanese. 

Syn. NAOSU, utsusu. 

HoNTEi 4( v^ >f ;^ ^ n. Headquarters in 
an encampment. 

Ho-ntO lit ;2 i> ^ ^ {chichi wo nomaieru) n. 
Lactation ; giving suck. 

HoNZAN lit v^ V 7^ yU i^* ^6 head temple 
of a Bud. sect. 

HoNZEN ijtv-tfv' i^^ {moto yori thikaru) 
Natural, not acquired; inborn; native; con- 
nate : — no $ei. 
Syn. TEUFU, kotC. 

HoNZBM litv-ifv :^ Hi n. The principal 
table at an entertainment. 

HoNzp-oAKu ih 3<-^ ^ V ^ ;^ y l|l n. The 
science of botany. 
Syn. SHOKUBnTsu-oAKu. 

HoNzd-KA litvi^^^ ;j;:]^|gn. A botanist. 

HoMzoN -Hsi^y't^ ^9 °- ^he principjal idol 
in a Buddhist temple; (fig.) chief object of 
respect. 

HoNz5-8Ho tJ« w* ^ 8^ 3 ;$;: V IF n. A bo- 
tanical book. 

H6-6 -'^ )> !; T> vi 2. n. A Mikado who has 
retired from the throne and shaved bis head, 
or become a bonze : Roma no — , the pope. 

Ho-o ih i> !; i> UK, S II* ^h® name of a- 
fabulous bird, the phoenix, said not to eat live 
insects, nor to tread on green grass. 

Ho-oM -'NiJ'^v i^M^^(onga€$hi) n. Beqnit- 
ing favors ; thankfulness for benefits received: 

— no tame ni tegaki turn, 

Hopp5 * ^ >»« ^ 4b :^ (W«a no h^ n.^ The 
north. 

HoBA 4( 9 ^^ n. A cave, cavern : — jma^ a 
cave. 

HoRA, or HoBAOAi lic^ *^^ n. A eonch- 
shell,— used for blowing : — wo fukn, to blow 
a conch ; to exaggerate. 

floRA-puxi 7h^7^ *^iK?>; n. One who 
exaggerates ; a blower. 

HdBAi ih i> 9 >f ^ H^ n. The name of a 
fabulous mountain in the sea where the 
i€n-nin reside ' in immortal youth and hap- 
piness ; Elysium ; also, a representation of 
the above in mmiatuxcw often presented to a 
newly-married couple : Hdrat-«an, theElysian 
mountain. Syn. shixa-dai. 

H5RAIJI-TXJBI ifc^^'fs^AP n. The Lilinm 
auratum. 



HoBAKU lit 7 ? ^ <jr in ^' Beligious en- 
tertainments, or theatrical exhibitions, in the 
presence of idols, which they are supposed to 
take pleasure in : — ahi-tatematsuru, 

HoBASE.-Bu 4( ^ -b >u <^ IS (caust of horu) To 
get another to dig or carve. 

HoBATSu J>^ fy ^ y ft )^ (coll.) Profiigate, 
dissolute, abandoned : — na nioiio, a dissolute, 
profligate person. 

Syn. BURAI, HOTO, DdBAKU. 

HoBE,-Bn lit vA' ]£ i.v. To be carved, en- 
graved, sculptured, dug out, excavated, worn 
into hollows : kono ishi tea amadare de horeta^ 
this stone is hollowed by the rain-drops; 
kono ji wo Ivoreni ka^ can you engrave this 
letter ? katakute horenai^ it is too hard to be 
engraved. 

HoBE,-Ba lit ujii' 41 i.v. To dote ; to be silly 
from age ; to be old and childish. Same as 
boreru, ^^ 

Syn. OI-BOBEBU, bokebu. 

HoBE,-Ba itfuA* i.v. To be in love with: 
wataknshi wa ano oiiTia ni horeta, I am in love 
with that woman ; onna ni horeraretat to be 
loved by a woman; unubore {onobore)^ self- 
esteem. 

Syn. BEVBO, KOISHITAU, OKKOCHIBU. 

HoBE-BOBB ift i^i)f u adv. In love with, fasci- 
nated, charmed, enraptured ; old and childish; 
ano Mto ni wa — shita, 

HoBEOUBXTBi 4(w/^9 WSin. Aphro- 
disiac medicine, philter. 

HdBEZ j\y u^ ^(?)] n. Common custom, 
customaiy usage ; ordmance. 
Syn. HosHiKi. 

HoBBi ^\y "u^ ^ ^ n. Edict ; decree. 

HoBB-KOMi,-Mu lit VIS A i.v. To-bedceplj 
in love with ; to be fascinated, enamox^, 
charmed, smitten with : kono hon ni horekonde 
takaku katta, I was charmed with the book 
and paid a high price for it. 

HoBBN lie tr ^i^ HF ^^ ]|< V °' Thepearly or 
phoenix chariot — the name of the Mikako's 
chariot. 

H5BBN8d ^\^uv-9-iS^ %S$t n. Spinach, 

■ Spinacea inermis. 

HoBi Tit 9 IS n. A canal : — wo horu, to dig 
a canal ; — wo umerUt to fill up a canal. 

HoBi ^x )> 9 :^ JI n- Square miles. 

HoBi,-BU lit ^ JUS t.v. To dig, excavate; to 
quarry; to carve, engrave, sculpture; to tattoo: 
tsuchi wo — , to dig the ground ; ido vo — , to 
dig a well ; ki ico — , to carve wood ; to di#5 up a 
tree; ishi wo — , to engrave a stone, to 
sculpture ; nomi de — , to cut with a chisel. 
Syn. noATsu, kizamu. 

H6bi,-bu j\7 a- t.v. To throw, fling, cast: 
hotte oket let alone, don*t meddle with it. 
Syn. NAOEBu. 

HoBi-AOB ih T y n. Carved in reKef ♦ em- 
bossed. 

UoBi-AOB.-BU ilt9ry>^ t.v. To flnish earr- 
ing, or digging. 

H0BI-DABHI,-8U lit 9 ^^ tS •'<t . *''• ^^ '^^-• 

out, dig up : sekitan wo — • to dig out co.u- 



HOR 



179 



HOS 



H5bi-da8hi,-8u i^ y 9^5^ t.v. (coll.) To 

throw out, fliBK oat, cast out. 
HoRzoATA ift^itst n. A stencil. 
HOEZ-HIKAKI,-XU iK 9 b 9 ^ IS |Q t.v. To 

dig open, lo uncover by digging. 

EOBI-KASSBI.'^BU iH 9 ^ '^ X Ifi 9 t.V. To 

dig np again anything that has been bnried : 

hakatBO — , to £g open a grave. 
HoBi-KAKs,-BU -^ ^) •)$ ir 1^ i^^ t.v. To 

cover np by digging ; to commence to dig. 
HoaiKi ih 9 ^ n. The moat around a shiro. 
Hoai-Koxi,-in7 4t 9 ^ •<» IS 3^ t.v. To dig 

into, enter by digging. 
H0U-SUJIBI,-BU ^.9 ^s^A^ 9)^ ^•▼^ ^o 

gouge or scoop out with a chisel or spade. 
HoBi-KUZusHi,-8U >h 9 ^ 5^ ^^ f iS Si t.v. To 

dig down, as a hill or wall. 
HoRz-MONO ilt9^>^l^#n. A carving, 

engraving. 

HORI-MONO-SHI -it ^) ^ J l^ ^%ti^ TL. A 

carver, engraver, sculptor. 
HoRi-KaKi,-KU 4( 9 9 ^ is tit ^•▼* ^o ^^S 
through, as a wall. 

HoBiNUKi-iDO ih 9 ^ ^ ^ t^ ■ n. Artesian well. 

HoBirau >'^ 7 9 9 y^ ^ ^* 1^^^* ordinance, 
regulation, institution : — gaku^ jurispru- 
dence; — thot law-book; — gakkd, law- 
school. 

HoBiTsuKA -''^ 7 9 5^ * -^ ^ JR. n. A jurist, 
lawyer. 

HoBiWABi 4« 9 !7 9 IS #] n. A canal. 

Hobo :4c n tt ^' ^ ^^^ o' ^<><^ stuffed with 
cotton, audi worn by cavalry to protect the 
back; an awning: hatha no — , a carriage 
top. 

Hoboba -^ xt ^< n. i.q. Juraha. 

Hobobi»-bu ih p :/ it >•▼• Destroyed, over- 
throwDy ruined: Atini, ie, thiro, mi, $hindai 
nado ga horobiru^ a country, house, castle, 
self, or property is destroyed. 
Syn. tbububbbu, mbtsubo subxt. 

HoBaB08Hi,-8nj ih p 4f ^ idr *•▼• ^o destroy, 
OTertbrow, ruin: Uki no kuni wo — , to 
destroy an enemy's country; mi wo — , to de- 
stroy one's self. 
Syn. TsuBUsu. 

HoBOGATA lie n ^ir n. A small mosquito net 
for children. 

HoBOHA ih p '^^ n. The feathers on the side 
and under the wing of a bird. 

HoBO-BOBo TO 4c n iH p > ^dy. Appearance of 
fruit, leaves, or drops of rain falling, or the 
sound of cr3dng : — to naku ; namida — kobore 
ochiruj the tears fell in drops.. 

Hd-Boxn 7)t ^ R ^ ^ gl^ n. The salary or pay 
of an official. Syn. taku-byo. 

Ho-BOKU 4t ^ n ^ ^ij^ fl n. A shallow earthen 
dish used in baking : — chdren, a sham battle 
in which the soldiers wore an earthen dish 
upon the head ; those whose dish was broken 
were hort dt cotahat, 

HoBOMEXi,-Ko ih p >* ^ !•▼• To be boiled or 
baked so that the particles are dry or not 
stock together ; loose in texture : kono meshi 
wa — . 



Ho-uoN ^> 7 p V -^^ )^ n. A debate or die- 

cuseion on religious subjects : — wo aitru, to 

argue on religious subjects. 
HoBORiTo 4( n V h adv. The manner of tears 

falljlng : — namida too naga^u, to shed tears. 
HoROBO 4( n n adv. The crying of the phea« 

Bant : — to naku; — iit«ti, the drumming of a 

pheasant with its wings. 
HoBOBooB,-BU ih n n y >u t.v. To scatter, or 

separate t^ie parts of anything bound or knit 

together ; to take to pieces : iudari wo — . 
HoBosHi ih n i^ ^ik ^' The iron pivot on 

which the upper mill-stone rotates. 
HoROToi, or HoBoiBi 4( R a b UkW ^^If 

di-uuk ; partially intoxicated : — ni imtta. 

HOBUTOGABU ih ^ > if *- }AM i^'KJH ^O^' 

tugal : — 710 aburut olive oil. 
HosA 4t "9* M ii {t€uukeru) — sum, to aid, 

assist; to act as guardian; — no «/itn, the 

minister of a prince. 
Syn. BOTOKU. 
HosAKU 4c !> -9* ^ S f^ n. A fine crop ; an 

abundant harvest. 
H5BAM lie ^.'9' V ^ fSt n. (chem.) Boraeio 

acid. 
Hu8ABE,-Bn -Jiff^^^ i'^' To be appointed 

to an office. Syn. minzubu. 
HosATSD j\ "fy -t y ^ ^ n« Your fragrant 

letter ; your delightful letter. 
HoBEi ^N ^ -b >r :;^ J£ (tadashiki) Upright ; 

just : hinko — no hito. 
HosEi >rN ^ it ^ fP $] {knni no tatekata) Form 

of government of a country. 
HosEKi j^ '^ -^ ^ fl^iH (tiumigu) n. Spin- 
ning : — Ar<, spinning machine ; — &a, spin- 
ning factory. 
Hosbnkwa itc^-icv^y MtVh it °* ^^^ 

balsam, or lady's slipper, Impatious balsa- 

mina. 
HosBA 4« ^ S^ -Y fin ^ n. Borax. 
H06BA iX {r i^ -Y i^ iU n. Alms, charity : 

— wo negau, to ask alms. 

HosBAEU 4t i^ Y ^ i% K n* Bail, security : 

— turUj to bail, go security; — nin, the 
bail ; — ftin, — money. 

fHosHi ^"^ff^ n. Same as hyothif beating 

time to music. 
Hosai ih ^ ft/ *^ ^ n. A bonze, Buddhist 

priest : — go^ tne onild of — . 
HoBBi Hiff ^^ ^^ Tour agreeable intention 

(used only in letters); go —-no dan arigatashit 

thank you for your kind wishes. 
H58HI ^> ^ i^ ^ j$ {hothiimama) Unre- 
strained ; unscrupulous ; loose ; unprincipled ; 

dissolute. 
HosBi /> ^ ft/ :;^ •:}: n. A magician. 
HosHi lie »/ S. n. A star ; Hf a white speck on 

the cornea; the centre of a target: a spot: 

— ni ataru, to hit the nail; — wo itadaite 
izuru, to go out while the etam are still 
shining. v 

Ho8Bi,-8U ilc:^ 1/i t.v. To dry, desiccate: 
hi ni — , to dry in the sun ; hi de — , to dry 
at the fire. 

Syn. EAWAXA8U. 



HOS 



180 



HOS 



Ho8Bx,-8u 4(X ft t.T. To appoint io an 
offioe ; to supply a place with an official : kwan 
fit horn, 

Hosm-Ai 4f ^^ T b n. The meeting of the two 
stars, Aquila and Vega, herdsman and weaver. 

Syn. TAKABATA. 

HosBiBm>5 iti If -f it i^ n. Baisins; dried 
grapes. 

HosHiOABif-Ru ihS^^^ SJt t.v. To desire, 
want, long after; to be covetoas: kofiko bmu 
wo hito ga — , people are desiroas of having 
this pictare. 

HosHi-i Th>^ h n n. Bice boiled and dried. 

HosHii,-Ki-RBi ijc i^ Jf ^ adj. Wanting; de- 
siring ; wishing for : sake ga — , I want some 
iahe; kore ga hothii iba, do yon want this? yoi 
tsuma wo — mon da^ I want a good wife. 

HosHiivAMA •ii%>'^ ^^ f^ In one's own way ; 
as one pleases or likes : — ni iuru^ to do as 
one pleases ; kodomo wo — ni tatete okeba 
horatsu ni naru, if yott let a child have its 
own way it wiU become a profligate. 

Syn. WAOAMAUA. 

HosHzxA ijti^^ ^S n. Akiudof dried fish, 

dried sardines (used as manure). 
H58HIKI yN7 S^4 t^A n* Established rule, 

usage, law, or custom. 
Syn. joREi. 
HosmKu, or HosbO i}( ^ ^ 9c ^^' Desirous 

of, wishing for, wanting : nani mo — tiaf, I 

don't want anjrthing; kane ga ho»hikuba 

akindo ni %are, if you want money be a 

merchant. 
HosBiKuzuBE "it ^ ^ ^ ^ n. Ulcer of the 

cornea. 
HosBi-UADABA tJi S*' "T ^ 9 adj. Speckled; 

spotted. 

HoSHI-MATSUBI Ht ^^ y ^ S, ^ &• ^^^' 

festival, held on the 7th day of the 7th 
month (o.c.) ; also a festival held to counteract 
the evil influences of the ruling star. 

HosBi-MAYoz 7)t s^ ^ 9 b u. Disturbance or 
disorder among the stars (in astrology). 

HosHi-HisB lit S^ ^ it ^ )[g n. Selling in the 
open air, where the wares are spread on a 
mat. 

EosHiN ^N 1^ s^ ^ aJL*^ (coll.) Insanity ; mad- 
ness ; lunacy : — mono, an insane person. 

HosHXN j\y i^'i^ tf^ # ^' The spiritual body 
(Budd.), supposed to be immortal. 

H6SB1NN6 -'^75^v•^^>^||,in. A Son of 
the Mikado who becomes a bonze and re- 
sides in a monastery. 

HosHi-zuKi-TO ih i^ y ^ 9 n. A starry moon- 
light night. 

HosHd Tjil^yp Hg ^ n. Security ; guaranty; 
warranty: — mm, to go security; to 
guarantee, certify ; — kin, money security ; 
— nin, bondsman, surety. 

H68B0 ihi^i^H^IFn. A kind of fine 
paper ; also, a letter from the Shdgun. 

HosBo j^^i^n ^ IF n. Xonr delightful 
letter. 

HosHO '^^ 7 S^ 9 -j^p^ n. Crystal ; quartz. 

&>a. SUISBO, MIZUTOBUTAIU. 



HdsH5 ij« i^ i^-v P ^K — 9uru to praiia, 

to reward. 
H68B0KU "iit^ 1^9 ^ 0ilSi n. Occupying an 

office ; being in office : — ehU ni kwankin vfo 

nusnmii, 
HoRHO-MiN lici^'Y^^v i^tSL A, (tt^niN) n. 

Security ; surety ; bail. 
Ho6BOBi,-BU lit i^ 9 A' t.v. (coll.) To break: 

bo wo — , to break a pole. 
HosBu >\^i^A ^i^ Conservative; opposed 

to change or progress: — to, conservative 

party ; — fca, a conservative. 
Syn. INJUN. 
Ho-SBU jyf^i^^a. ^^ n. Archbishop. 
HosbO ^ni> i^i> wkf^li (mukui) n. Bequital, 

retribution. 
Hoso or Hozo ih v MF i^* The navel:— no 

0, navel string, umbilical cord : — wo kamu, 

to bite the navel, — to repent deeply, feel 

regret, remorse. Syn. hxso. 
Hoso ih y $a Fine, slender (same as Aosoi): used 

only in compound words. 
Hoso lic y ijf n. The foot-stalk or peduncle 

of fruit or flower. 
Hdso4ci^y ifffl[ (mi-kurai) n. The throne, 

reign (of theEmperor) : — man-man zai. 
Hoso ^\p y ^ £ n. A present; a bribe: 

— wo nkeru. 

Syn. HAINAI-MONO. 

Hoso ^"^iftt^ ^ jjf n. The small-pox : — 
tco turn, to have the small-poz ; — garni, the 
god of small-poz; uebosd, inoculation, vac- 
cination ; — ga luiyaru, the small-poz is 
prevalent. 

Hoso-BiKi lie y b* 4" $9 ijl n- A kind of rope, 
or cord made of hemp. 

HosoDONo * y I? >; fit n. A corridor, or 
gallery leading from one building to another. 
Syn. r5ka. 

Hosoi,-Ki-XD-SHi tK y -f fSi adj. Fine, 
slender, narrow, delicate, thin, small : — Oo^ 
fine thread ; michi ga — , the road is narrow; 
te ashi ga hosoi, the Umbs are slender, or 

• thin ; — koe, a low voice ; ihimho ga — , his 
property is small; — futoi, fine and coarse; 
kokoro ga — , to be weak-minded; hosoku 
nam, to become slender; hotoku niru, to 
make fine ; me wo Jiotoku mru, to nearly close 
the eyes; Jiosokute mienai, it is too fine to 
be seen. 

HosoKB i|« V >* n. A counter-fire; setting the 
grass on fire and clearing it off so as to 
escape an advancing fire on the prairie. 
Syn. MUXAiBi. 

HososKoi,-su iH y ' => >r adj. (coll.) Same as 
/io»ot. 

H5SOKU ^^7 V 9 *^ It) n. Bule, law. 
Syn. KzsoKu, horitsu. 

Hoso-MAYu tJ« y -r a. jsg ^ n. Delicate eye- 
brows. 

HosouB lit y > $S) g n. Eyes slightly open; 
a' narrow crack : to wo hosome ni akete ynki 
wo miru, to open the door a little and look 
out at the snow; — de miru, to look with 
the eyes partly dosed. 



EOS 



181 



HOT 



Eo8oxB,-BU 'ity jt A' fB t.T. To make fine, 
thin. Blender, or delicate: mi wo — , make 
one's self thin and delicate ; koe wo hotomete 
iu, to speak in a low voice. 

H08OKZCHX itcyif-^^n. A narrow road, 
path. 

H08ON at ^ y^ i^ # {tamoehi) n. Preserva- 
tion from decay : — turn, to preserve. 

HosoNAGAi Hty-hif^ tS-fk ^h Long and 
slender; attenuated; slim. 

HosoNx lit y ^ $g 9 n. A flnci shrill voice, 
or sound. 

HosoMUKO ThysiJ fyHp n. Fine moslin, 
or grass-doth. 

HosoBi,-Ba ^y A^ fs i-v. To become small, 
thin, slender, delicate; to lose flesh, become 
emaciated : shokuji wa hthi ni — , the appetite 
daily became less. 

HosoTsu * y s' i^ 2j!L n. Foot soldier, 
infantry. 

Syn. HORSI, ASHIOABU. 

HosowATA -i^y V 9 % n. The placenta. 

Syn. SNA, NOOHIZAN. 

Ho80TAOi,-on lit y -Y / !.▼. To be thin, 
slender, slim, delicate : hosoyagitarti ude. 

H06OTASA tH y -Y^ adj. Thin ; slender; slim; 
delicate; meagre. 

H0S8A ih 7 -9* 9.Vf^' (mod.) The paroxysm 
of disease : — doki, crisis. 

HossHT,-suBn * 5» 3^ A' ^ i.v. To wish, 
desire, want. 
Syn. KEOAU, ifozoMu. 

fiossHnr -itivl^^ g /C n. The springing 
np of a new heart, coDversion, or tamiug 
from vicious habits to a moral life : (Bud.) 

— Mhite hozH ni naru, to be converted and 
become a priest. 

HossoKu a^yyjf g Jl, Starting or setting 
out on a journey ou foot. 

Syn, DBTACHI, 8HUTTATBU. 

H0686-SHO i^y^p i^ff V^rt ^ n. Tbe 
name of a Buddhist sect now extinct. 

Hoesu i^vjf, ^ ^ n. A brush of long white 
hair often carried by Buddhist priests. 

HoBsuBu * !J> >^ H. See hosthi, 

Hosu lit X See hothi. 

HosuoB -diif-x^Jf A n. The cords by \^hich 
the cap is secured to the Lead. 
Syn. oiKAKB. 

Hosuiff ^^ i& 5^ V ^ -«f n. The heart, mind : 

— no uchi ni, in the mind. 
HoTA TiiM tS 9^ n. The stocks. 

SyU. ABHIKASB. 

HoTA ]-it St n. Stump of a tree ; block of 
HoTAXtn j wood. 

Syn. MEKXi. 
HoTABi tJc ^ If n. A fire covered with ashes 

to keep it from going out, 
HoTAs,-Bu iiijiJCA.^ i.v. (coll.) To play; 

to sport ; to romp. 

StD. TAWAlfUBXBU. JAREBU. 

H(>TAi lilt if 9 'i jgt^n. A bandage for a 

wo and. 
HaxAi ^^p St ^ i^^t XL. A fort, fortification : 

— wo kituku. 



HoTAi ihtf jt ^ 4^ ttt — *^'^*» *o receive re« 

spectfully from the temthi. 
HoTAi-KOTsu * ^ -f 3 7 u. The fibula. 
HoTAXD M if 9 if J gS (megyxmi) Imperial 

benefactions : — iami ni kuduru, 
H6TAN Th i> ^ V Jf fl- n. The name of a 

nostrum much used, composed of camphor, 

peppermint, etc. 
HoTABu ^t^A- ft n. A fire-fly. 
HoTABUBi * >r A. If ft )^ u. The light of the 

flre-fly. 
HoTATEOAi Tit St T if ^ fe^H n. A kind of 

shell-fisb, the Nautilus. 
HoTB 4t T 4A ^ ^' ^^0 clew-lines of a sail. 
tHoTB ihT ^' i.q. sekitori. 
HoTBi lii^T^ t-Mf (8<uage tatematsuru) 

Presentiug, offering up, handhig up : hokxitho 

— sum J presenting one's credentials. 
HdTEi >^ 7 T >f 'v^ K »• Peg*) A court of 

justice ; the bar, tribunal. 

Syn. SAIBAN8H5. 

HoTE-HOTB lisT-MT adv. Large, corpulent, 
big-belled: ^ futotte iru, to be fat and cor- 
pulent. 

HoTEPPABA liiTy^^"^ n. (coll.) The belly: 
yari de — wo tsuki-nuku, to run the belly 
through with a spear. 

HoTBBi ijt T 9 !% n. Heat ; burning ; a smart- 
ing or buruing pain : hiru no — de yoru mo 
at$ui, owing to the heat of the day the night 
is also hot. 

HoTERi,-Bn tJ« T -^ JR i'V- To be hot, burning; 
to smart: kao ga — , the face burns ; mimi ga 
— , the ears bum. 
Syn. NEssuBu. 

HoTo ^^tfStff ^ a Profligate; dissolute; 
abandoned to vice : — mmuko, 

Syn. HOBATSD. 

HoTo -^tf > tf 4L j^ ^- Lights placed before 

idols ; the lanterns in temples. 
HoTO -M if St if fi ^ {kotae tatemattum) — 

«tiru, to answer, reply, respond to the Em- 
peror : chokugo ni — tttru. 
H6t5 f^if Sty ^ ^ — iurn, to recompense, 

requite, retaliate. Syn. mukui. 
HoTOBAEASHi | 4( h ^^ ?^ t.v. To softcu by 
HoiOBA8Hi,-su J steeping in water: nikawawo 

— , to soften glue in water. 
HoTOBA89iBi,-Bn H^Yf^^A' ^ See Ao<fo&a- 

ihiri. 
HoTOBi,-Bu ■is\' \S.if^ i.v. To be softened, or 

to swell by steeping in water. 
HoTOBOBi -inytf^) n. The heat remaining in 

anything after being heated : heiUui no — , 

the heat remaining in a furnace. 
HoTOBOBi,-Bu HnyiiH f^ i.v. To be hot, warm, 

emit heat (as of anything that has been 

heated with fire) : hibathi wa mada hotobotte 

iru. 
HoTO-HOTOTo i}( V ijt h > «dv. The sound 

made by beating a door ; rapping : to tro *— 

uehi'tataku, to rap at the door. 
HoTOKB ^ y ^ ^ n, Tbe generar name for 

the divinities worshipped by the Buddhists, 

who were all originally human ; a dead bo<^ ) 



fiOT 



182 



HOZ 



Old Boal of the dead : ^~ no io, an idol ; — 
no mei-niefU^ the anniTersary of a death ; — 
ICO kwan-^ke ni tr«rti, to pot a dead hody into 
a coffin ; iki-botoke^ one who by his Tirtne re- 
sembles the hotoke; — tsukuri, a maker of 
idols. 

HoTOKBNo-ZA 4(>^>;iPt|^]£n. Clover. 
Syn. OBMOE. 

Hot5kb-zukubi lie f ^ ^ ^ 9 n. Looking 
like a dead person ; cadaverous. 
Syn. hGkbzuxu. 

HGtoku j\^ "h ^ ^7t (iothiri) n. Bias- 
phemy; calamny. 

HoTONDO 4t > V t^ ^ adv. In great danger ; 
almost ; well-nigh ; nearly ; greatly ; very much : 
— mixu ni oehin , to ivru, came near falling 
into the water ; — komaru, greatly troubled. 

Syn. BUDB-Hl, TOPFODO. 

HoTORi i)c h 9 ly n. Neighborhood, vicinity : 
kawa no — , near the river; shiro no — , 
vicinity of the castle. 

Syn. SOBl, HBN, ATABI, EIUPBV. 

HoTOBi Tjt > ») Si n. Fever, heat : — wo 
samaaut to cool the fever. 

Syn. HBT8U, HOTBBI. 

HoTOBi,-Bn lit f A* St i'^* ^o ^ ^ot, burn- 
ing, feverish : atama ga — , head is hot. 

iHoTOBZ]fBKi,-su 4t h 9 ^ ^ i«T. To be shal- 
low, superficial. 

HoTOTooisn -HsY y^'X. ^t|n. The cuckoo, 
Cnculus poliocephalus, a bird that is supposed 
to cross the Shide mountain and come from 
the spirit-land ; it makes its appearance about 
the end of the 6th month and to warn the 
farmer that it is time to sow the rice. It has 
a mournful note, repeating its own name — 
hO'to-to-gi-$u, 

iHoTsuB lie 9 -31 n. The topmost or upper 
branches or twif^s of a tree. 

HarsnoA iK 7 ^ S IS n. Going out (respect- 
ful) : — fttftt, to go out. 

Syn. NOBI-DASHI. 

HoTsnao iH ? =f 8 If An exclamation, or 

interjection. 
HoTsuooN Tit ?» :f V S *§* >>• Speaking ont; 

nttering: — mrxiy to speak out, utter. 
HoT8nsi,-Kn -it^y ^ Ift t.v» To fray, ravel ; 

to tear into lint. 
HoTBuia-ABUKi,-Bu Ht 7 ^ T ^ ^ i.v. (coll.) 

To loaf about ; to go about idly. 
HoTsu-NBTsu -^y^y 8 Itt Q* ^o spring- 
ing up of fever : — sum, 
HoTsno T^yy ^ % n. The long feathers 

in the tail of a pheasant. 
HoTsnBB,-Bn lAt y i^a^ i.v. Frayed, ragged, 

rubbed, worn, as cloth : kimono ga — . 
HoTTAi lit 7 ir >f -^^ m n. A religionist, 

monk ; a Bud. priest : — 9urut to become a 

priest. 
HoTTAN 4t 7 ir V 8 m n. The beginning, 

commencement, introduction of a book. 
Syn. HAJiMABi. 
HoTTO -^y "h adv. The sound of sighing or 

drawing a long breath : — tame-iki wo Uukut 

to draw a long breath. 



Hott5-hin * 5^ > ^ js V 8 ifi A. ^' ^^ 
inator, first mover or doer; ringleader, ag- 
gressor. 
Syn. hokei-nin, chSbon-nin. 

HowATA -it y fi n. The fibers of the head 
or catkins of reeds, etc., used in stuffing 
cushions, etc. 

HoTA lit -Y ^ ^ n. A parasitic plant, the 
mistletoe. 

HoTA lit -V S S (kari^ya) n. A hut ; a tem- 
porary shed erected before a miya on festivil 
occasions. 

HoTA lit -Y )^ $ n. A screen of wire net* 
work placed over a brazier; a glass lamp- 
chimney. 

HoTAKu lit -Y ^ if IK {oginai gtuuH^ n. Tonio 
medicines; medicines which strengthen the 
body, or keep off disease. 

Hot5 lit -Y ^ ilc V {tamochi yashinau) 
Preserving health; strengthening the body; 
recreation: — wo Mttru, to attoad to one's 
health. 
Syn. y6j5. 

Hoy5 lit 1^ Y <r 0i7f {oya ni Uukaeru) Dis- 
charging one's duty of honor or respect to his 
parents; waiting cm, or attending on one's 
parents. 

HofO ijt^>f^ HH^i^* A friend, com- 
panion. 

Syn. TOtfODACHI, hobai. 

HdzAi j\ p -f ^ :^ M >^- A compounded 
medicine; a recipe. 

Syn. AWASB-ODSUBI. 

HozAi tH^^ ttW {oginai kuturi) n. Tonae 

medicines. 
HozAKif-su iit -^ ^ i.v. To say, to speak (a con- 
temptuous woi^ used in anger to inferiors^; 

to burst out in joy (obs.): nani wo — , what oo 

you say. 
Ho-zBN >'^ ^ -tf V y tit Before a miya, or kami: 

— ni kakeru, to hang up before a miya as an 

ofiFering,as a picture. 
HozBBi,-Bn lit^tf^^ t.v. To dig or play in the 

earth, as children : tsuehi wo — • 
Hozo lit / n. The stem of fruit. 

Syn. HBTA. 
Hozo lit / lif^ A wedge or pin used for fasten* 

ing ; a tenon : — wo f am, to drive in a 

wedge ; — wo kau. 
Syn. KusABi. 
Hdz5 ^s ^ ^^ 9 Ift (takara kura) n. A stoie- 

house in whicn valuable things are kept. 
Hozu lit i> ^ n. (coll.) End, limit : — ga iisi, 

no end, or limit. 
HozuB lit^jft tl ^ T^' The end or apex of 

an ear of corn or grain : — no tsuyu, the dew 

on — . 
HozuB ■^tf*f3L n. — ttuku, resting the ohsek 

on the hand or arm. 
HozuKi i^^*t^ S ft n- The winter cbeixy* 

PhysaUs solanece. 
HozuNA 4t y -^ 4A tf °* A halyard. 
HozuBB,-Bu lit r> w n^ i.v. To be raveled, 

frayed. 
H5ZUBU lit ^ y /w See A^'t. 



HOZ 



188 



HYO 



Ho2U8Hi,-8u * 5^ 5^ t.T. To ravel, fray, piok 
to pieoeB, ae cloth : kotuthi-momeni lint. 
Sjn. HODoxu. 

HozDTsu -it^y n. The block or pulley ased 
in hoisting a sail. 1 

Hmzwah b -Y ^ ^ T7V 'S' f n. All the 
goTeniment officers of e?ery rank. 

HxixxEx b-r^^^f ?$| {suheU no tedate) 
Every plan, or device: — tsukite juaUu 
surUf haying exhausted eyery device, he killed 

Htazzin b-Y^=lFV^Jfn. A pieal,= 
133} lbs. avoirdapoisr=16 ktoamme. 

Htakkosu bY^a^'S'PI&n. 100 koku,=z 
una to°8 English. 

Htixu b -Y ^ '§' n. or adj. A handled ; used 
indefinitely for—all, every: ippyaku, one 
hundred ; ni JtyakUj two hundred ; tamhyakv^ 
three hondied; roppyaku, six hundred; *- 
do, a hundred times ; — ji, all the affairs ; — 
huUu, all the things; hyaku-gai, the whole 
body; — kirOt the intestines ; — yaku, medi- 
cines ; — kwan, all the government officers. 

HiixujiKxd b-Y^3^9=iiSr ^]9i^n. The 
monkey-slipper, Lagerstramia indica. 

Syn. 8ABU8X7SSBI. 

Htaxumak bY^w"g'3{n. A handred 
myriad, one million. 

Htakuxb bY^> 'S'i n. A hundred 
iu>injfi«,=:l lb. Troy, or 13 oz. 72J grs. av. 

Hyazusho bir^^YT> y H n. A farmer, 
husbandman ; a peiisant. 

Htaku-86-86 b-V^f-^ir» 'S''W38 n. A 
kind of medicine made of a hund^ different 
kinds of plants dried and reduced to charcoal. 

Htaxutb b -Y ^ 3ft "§" ^ n. The crown of the 
head. Syn. notxn. 

Htappak b-Y^^^i^ "^ Wt All; every: —no 
koto, all affairs ; all things. 

Hrro 1 b 9 n. The peep or cry of a young 

Hiro-BiTo J chicken : — to waAii, to peep. 

Hto ^^ P^ n. A leopard: — mon, leopard 
spots. 

Hto ^ 1^ n. Hail : — ga furu, it hails. 

Hto ^t^ ^ n, A straw bag for holding grain, 
charcoal, etc.: ippyo, one bag: ni-hyo^ two 
bags; sambydy three bags; hito-hyo, one bag 
fall,=about 2^ bushels. 

Hto -^^ ^ {omote) n. The outside; the 
surface ; a table, schedule ; a memorial to the 
Emperor : — sunt, to be emblematic of, re- 
present, signify; to be in memory of, to com- 
memorate; tokei hyd, statistical table. 

HTd b -Y 10^ ^ — surUj to discuss the merits of ; 
to criticise ; to confer, deliberate. 

Hyd-BAH b'Y^'r^v ^|1] n. Bepute; reputa- 
tion ; fame; report ; rumor : — ga yoi, of good 
repate; — ga warui hito, a man of bad repu- 
tation ; — sunt, to be publicly talked about ; 
to be natter of common talk. 
Syn. DWASA. 
iHT6-BU-SH5 bYiS'T'P-Y^ :^^^n. The 

war department ; war office. 
HydcHO ^tfi-^ If ^ (kashira-gaki) n. The 
notes written on the top of a page. 



HtSdai ^i>^>f 3SbSg n. The outside title 

of a book. 
HToox,-au ^tfJf^ j^ft i.v. (coll.) To sport, 

play, frolic, jest, play the fool : hyOgeUi hito, 

a witty person. 

Syn. TAWAMUBBBU, FUZAEEBX;, DOKBRU. 

Hydoi b-Y^¥n^ttQ- ^ conference, con- 
sultation: — fttru, to confer and deliberate 
on ; to consult about. 
Syn. nyojo, soban, kakeaz. 

Htogu ^ ^ / tt ^ n- The mountings of a 
picture. 

HT50U b -Y ^ ^ ^ ^ li* Weapons of war. 

Htooubi.-bu ba/A' t.v. (coll.) To squirt: 
mitu wo — , to squirt water. 

Htoou-ta -^TBr/-Y^J|.gn. A paper- 
hanger. 
Syn. xydjnA. 

HyoHAKu ^ ifr ^N ^ 35 \^ — »urM, to wander 
about ; to float about. 
Syn. BUB5, tadatou. 

Htobi ^ 7 b ^'ii u, (med). The cuticle. 

HydHo ^if^\y ^^ vi n- Military tactics, or ■ 
stratagem : nama — o kizu w> moto (prov.). 

HyonyAKU b -Y ^ b -Y ^ adj. (coll.) A 
pun ; humorous sayings : — wo iu. 
Syn. HyoKXM. 

Hyoi-TO b 3 >f > adv. (coll.) Iu a sadden 
manner; unexpectedly; accidentally: — ihita 
koto, a sudden affair. 

Syn. FI7T0, OMOWAZU-MI. 

Ht5jz ^ 1^ 3? ^ $ n. A sign, omen, indi- 
cation, token. 
Syn. SHIBUSBI. 

Htojo b-Y^f'-Yijr ^ :£ — fttrw, to delib- 
erate and decide ou ; to consult together: 
— fit tarann, not worth criticising. 

Htojosho b-Yt'f-YiJ'i^a ^Sl^/rn- (o^s.) 
Supreme court house ; council chamber ; privy 
council : ikusa no — , a council of war. 

Htojoshu bY!>f*Y«r5^rL ^^IR (obs.) 
Members of the supreme court, or privy 
council. 

Htojun ^ 1^ s^ ^ V ^ 2$l Criterion ; example. 
Syn. iooi, kaoahi. 

Htokai b-Y'>*>f -yj^ffif — niru, to dissolve 
like ice; vanish: gidan — suru, my doubts 
have vanished. 

Htokan -^P ^ 3^ 9iif (takeki) Fierce and 
fearless; daring and regardless of life or 
danger-: — nozokn. 

Htoketsd b :Y ^ ^ 5^ jj^ S| {kori'musuboru) 
Congelation : — sum, to be congealed, frozen. 

Htoketsu b "Y i> ^ 5^ ^ '^ (hakari sada- 
mem) A resolution : — suru, to discuss and 
decide ; to resolve. 

Htokin ^^^3<^ (coll.J Facetious; merry: — 
na hito, a wag, humorist. 

Htoxkubi to b3^^9>^^ adv. (coll.) 
Sudden and unexpectedly : — deru. 

Hitoko b 3 =1 |g n. A young bird, or chicken; 
peeper. 

Htoko-htoso b 9 a b 9 3 adv. (coll.) Hop- 
ping, as a frog ; leaping : — tobUf to hop and 
jump. 



HYO 



184 



HYO 



Ht5kwai n-^tf^V^iTlijfin, A mass of 
ioe ; an ioe-floe, iceberg. 

HiToicBKi Hn jf ^ tl P3 n. The fontanelle 
in a child's head. Syn. Hiyomik. ^ 

Htomen ^ igr >i V ^19 n> ^he outside ; 
external sorfaoe. 

Htomon-ob5 ^ !> « V T*7 n. A leopard- 
spotted bntterfly, a species of Argynais. 

HnouuEi b 9 A i|p n. i.q. Jtyomeki. 

Hton-na b 3 v^ (coll. /im-fiArn) Strange ; 
unusual ; odd; wonderful: — koto; — mono. 

Syn. KOTONARU, EAWATTA. 

Hton-no-d b3v>;^ Ji9r^^n. Name of 

a tree, the Distylium racemosum. 
HTd-BAM b-V^^^VJ^gjfLn. The disturbance 

and commotion caused by war. 
Hto-ri ^tf 9 3{b S (ura omoie) Outside and 

inside; false-hearted; hypocritical; double- 
dealing; force; impulse; effort: — no arn- 

monOf a false, deceitful person. 
HTOBd b-V^^^^Kn. Food for soldiers ; 

provisons for an army : — ga ttukitat the 

provisions are exhausted. 
Htobo-htobo to banbanV^I^ adv. lu 

a limping, staggering maimer. 
Ht6b6.kata \s-y^^^:^St ^mt:^ n. The 

officer who supplies an army with provisions ; 

commissary. 
Ht5bon b iri> t> V $^|^ Criticism; discussion: 

— turUf to deliberate on ; to discuss, criticise. 
Htobotbuki,-kd b 3 p 7 ^ i.v. (coll.) To limp, 

stagger. 
Hy6b6-2Emb b-V»9t'-tf->»:^|ft^ «• 

Starving out a garrison ; cutting off the supply 

of food. 
Ht6-btO -^ ijr 9 ^ l3l Sit Floating, or carried 

about by the waves : fiine ga — thUe thima ye 

tnikUf the ship floating about stranded on an 

island. 
Syn. TADAYon, naoarxbu. 
HTdsATsn ^tf'^y ^Hn- A tablet with the 

name of the person residing hung at the door 

of a house; a door-plate. 



HtGsbi ^ ^ -ic ^ # 4E {arawoiu) * turn, t9 
publish, make kuown: genko wo — tttru, to 
publish one's meritorious conduct. 

Htosbtsxj ^^^y HVl °* PUigiarism : — 
turut to plagiarize. 
Syn. KusuicD. 

Htosbx ^t^ i^ ^ $^ u. The paper cover or 
binding of a book: ita-byd*hi, hoAtd oorers; 
kawa no — , leather binding. 

Htoshi ^ iQr V ib ^ n. Beating time to 
music ; the impulse, or force used in doing any- 
thing : — too torn, to beat time ; athi-hyoshi, 
drumming with the foot; te-byuihi, beating 
time with the hand ; korobu — ni, by tbe force 
of tbe fall, or in the act of falling ; — »»!:«, 
out of time; — ga yoi^ to be fortuimte, lucky; 

— ,<;»» ioar»i, unlucky. 

Htoshioi ^i^i^'i^ ^^^ n- Blocks of 
wood or bamboo struck together by watchmen 
as a signal. 

flToso ^^-9*i> ^li Q* ^he mountings of 
a picture. 

Hyoso ^ ^ y ^ ^ n. A whitlow. 

Hyosoku b-V^y^ ^3Sn. A kind of lamp. 

Hyosoku b-ViQry^ if. p^ n. The even and 
oblique tones of Chinese words, without know- 
ing which one cannot be a poet ; prosody. 

Hyotan «> ^ ir. V JM jf n. A gourd, calabash. 

Syn. FDKDB1S, HISAOO. 

Hyotan b -V ^ ^ v fl^^ Pi*- ice and charcoal) 
A relation like ice and charcoal : — iio uaka^ 
contrary to each other ; antagonistic. 

Hyo to b "Y ^ > adv. The sound of an arrow 
flying, whizziug: ya wo — hanatat. 

Hyotto b 9 5^ > tR adv. Supposing that ; per- 
ad venture; possibly; if; perchance; bycbauce: 

— shiretara do nastarUf if he sliould know, 
what should you do ? hyotto iureba, perhaps, 
it may be ; hyotto shitara, id. 

Syn. MOSHI, HANICHI. 

Hyottoko b 3 ry > 3 n. A kind of mask. 
Hyozan b-V^^v 7]cai n. A glacier, iceb«c|. 
Hyozbn '^^iii^ n ^ &<!▼• Soaring, flyiag. 



186 



I. 



I 4 JisX VaeA in comp.=filireotion, toward, 
forth, or OD ward in time or place; as: koko 
yori t-nan, from this toward the soath ; i-tei, 
toward the west. See ir<if , tgo, igwai. 

^ ^ W ^' (3Mf l>ile: kuma no t, bear's 
gall ; u$hi no i, oz-galL 
Syn. Kixo. 

I >f iK n. Spider's thread; cobweb. 

I # Ik n. A wild hog ; and (^ one of the 
12 signs : t no toki, 10 o'clock at night ; t no 
katOf N. N. W. ; i no ko, a yoang pig ; i no Ai, 
a fe^tiTal on the *' hog-day" of the 10th 
month (o.c.) ; t luika no tniki, the moon on 
tbe 20th day of the month (o.c). 

I # V n. The stomach : t chU, in the sto- 
mach ; i HO fu^ the stomacli ; i no jo-ko, the 
cardiac orifice; t no ge-ko, the pyloric. 

I >f ^ {kokoro'hate) n. The mind, thoughts, 
intention, will, feeling, meaning: — to mun 
nakare, don't be troubled about it; — ni 
kanau, to agree with one's ideas, or mind ; — 
Rt iomuku, to be contrary to one's mind ; koiio 
i wo ajiwau, to perceive the meaning of ; ieJU 
i fit nam, to be of one mind. 

1 ^ H u. The rush of which matting in made, 
Jaucus communis. 

I ^ j^ {kotonari) Different; strange; unusual; 
extmnrdinary : t fu do bo, a different father, 
but tbe same motlier; i koku, foreign country ; 
i'ko do-on Sr^ ^^* ^^^ together; with one 
Toice ; unanimoualy : i na hitOt an eccentric 
person ; i-$eUn different Tersions. 

I >f 7. (cont. of ittuUu) Five. 

I # i^ {kurai) n. Rank, dignity : mu i niu 
kwan, without rank 6r office; i no takai hito, 
a man of high rank ; i wo ototu, to degrade; t 
•it nuttinti, to be promoted in rank ; iehi t, the 
first or highest rank of nobility. 
I ^ j^ {ikioi) n. Dignity ; majesty ; power ; 
authority ; influence : — no aru hito, one having 
authority ; — wo furUf to show one's power; — ; 
vo otosii, to lose one's power. 

By 1 1. IBEI, KEN. 

I ^ ^ n. A well : — no mixu, well water ; t 
no nakano kawazu no gotoku, like a frog in a 
well ; t wo iaraUt to clean a well ; — no hotori 
ni chigo wo oku ga gotothi (prov.), like placing 
a child near a well. 
Syii. ix>o. 
I >r fl n. A doctor, physician ; medicine : — 
wo gyo to tnru, to follow the business of a 
physician ; rnei-i, celebrated doctor ; i-gyd, the 
m^ical profession ; tai-i, a great doctor; yabu- 
<, a quack. 
Syn. isHA , 
94 



IBA 

tl >r jS {ffemurt) n. Sleepmg (mostly in 

comp., as, a<a-t). 
I,-iBU ^ ^ tj t.v. To shoot with a bow : yunii 

wo irii, to shoot a bow; i haztuut to shoot and 

miss. 
ly-iRU >f A' fii t.v. To cast ; to found ; to run 

metal in moulds : kane wo iru, to cast money ; 

zeni wo — , to oast cash ; nabe wo — , to cast 

pots. 
I,-iBU §^A^ ^ i.v. To be, to dwell, sit : doko 

ni i-nazaru, where do you live ? Kanagawa ni 

imasu, I live in Eanagawa; daidokoro ni 

imazu, he is in the kitchen ; nani wo shite ini, 

what are you doing ? hatamite-irUt he is 

workiug. 
Syn. OKU. 
I,-inu # A' ^ t.v. To lead, conduct, command, 

as an army. 

Syn. HIKI-IBU, TSXTBEBU. 

I-Ai # T 'f ift '^ ' n- The beloved object or 
relic of a deceased person. 

I-Ai *T b ^ '^ n. The art of drawing out a 
long sword (a difficult act in fencing): — nuki, 
one who is skillful in drawing the sword ; a 
kind of juggler; i-ai goshi ni nartij to put cue's 
f«elf in the posture of drawing the sword. 

Iaku *r ^ ttS n. A curtain, 

I-AN >f T V ff -^ n. Medical directions; 
medical opinion : — wo kaku, to write down 
the history' of a case, with the proper medi- 
cines to be used. 

I-ATE,-BD ^ TT^ #'h ^ t.v. To shoot and 
hit: ya wo mato ni i-aterut shoot an arrow 
and hit the mark. 

I-AWA8E,-BU *T-'^^«A' ^^ i.v. To happen 
to be present : tono za ni i-awasete hanashi 
wo kiita, I happened to be present at the 
meeting and heard what was said. 

I-BA >f /^ ^ i^ n. A place for shooting the 
bow ; shooting ground. 

Ibai,-au >f/'C7 ^ i.v. To neigh : tima pa 
t6au, the horse neighs. 
Syn. iKANA^n. 

Ibaku ^ /^ ^ 1^1 H n. A curtain, tent. 
Syn. MAKU, CHd, tobabi. 

Ibaba >f /^9 ^] Mt n- The name of a thorny 
tree. Syn. odobo. 

Ibaba-oaki ^j^'^if^ #J JBft ifi n- A. hedge 
of thorns. 

Ibabi H^ /< 9 ^ n. Urine : — bukuro, the 
bladder ; — wo sunt, to urinate. 
Syn. bh5ben, shoto, soyo. 

Ibabi,-bu >f /<A' jfi 5ft i.v. To be haughty, 
arrogant, insolent, imperious; to boast, to 
vaunt, make a swell, act pompously, put on 



IBA 



186 



ICH 



airs: ibatte aruku, to swagger, strnt; ibatU 
hitori haba wo turu, to act iziBolently and 
crowd others away ; ibatte hito wo misagerut 
to be arrogant and despise others. 
Syn. HOKOBU. bikimu. 

Ibashintsn >fKJ^v->iv ff,IJ'C?|R (Bad.) 
The whims, vagaries, freaks and fancies of 
the mind : — kataku tei tezaru bekarazu, 

Ibisi ^ b' ^ I|^ ,% n. Snoring : — wo kaku, 
to snore. 

Ibibi,-bu 4 }£ ^ t.v. (coll.) To parboil, to scald, 
as vegetables ; to roast slightly in anbes ; to 
tease, vex : hat ni — , to heat in ashes ; yu de 
— , to scald in hot water; i&t'rt korotUt to 
annoy ; to afflict or torment to death. 

Ibitsu 4 }^y adj. Oval : — fwri, an oval form. 

Ibo 4 if J^ K wart, small tnmor ; a knob : — ga 
dekita, have a wart. 

Ibo >f /< ^ S A» (wasureru) — itini, to forget. 

Iboi >f ])f b n. The pas of a moza. 

Iboi,-ou 4^7 )^ fij !•▼. To sapparate ; to 
matter (only used of the moza): kiu ga ibotta, 
the moza has sappnrated. 

Ibo-ibo A-^ a ^ n. The knobs or roand pro- 
tuberances on a bell or on the head of an 
image of Shaka. 

Iboji Aiffi' n. Eztemal hemorrhoids ; blind 
piles. 

Ibojibi-mubhi >f 4f s? 9 a »^ n. The mantis. 
Syn. t6b5. 

Ibota >f i|f ir 7jc V ji} >^* A. wax tree, a species 
of Ligustram. 

Ibowashi,-8U >f4f/N:^ (caast. of xbon) To 
caose to suppurate : %jaito wo — . 

lBnKABi,-Bu A-f-nt^ I? i.v. To wonder at, 
consider strange or dubious ; to suspect. 

Syn. ATASHIMU, FU8HIM KI OMOU. 

Ibukashii,-kz A'f-fil^A ^f^ &dj. Strange; 

mysterious; dubious; doubtful; suspicious; 

solitary; lonely; gloomy. 
Ibukashiku A'f'^^9 '^^ adv. Ib\ika%hik\'tr 

omou^ to feel dubious about, to wonder at, 

be uncertain about : ikaga to — zoi^UtorOt I 

wonder what I shoald do. 

Syn. FUSHIN, nrAOAWASHII, AYASHn. 

Ibukashisa A'ffJl^^ n. Doubtfulness; da- 
biousness ; myBteriousness ; uncertainty, r^ 

Ibuki A:/^ ^ii^ ^' ^^® juniper tree. 

ilBUM A:f^W*^' Breath; (U, p^;) blowing 
violently with the mouth. 

Ibukubo ^-f 9 n ? ffi n. The stomach. 
Syn. i-NO-PU. 

Ibdk -f y V RRfl n. News. Syn. shimbun. 

Ibubi >f y 9 ^^ Gruel ; unfeeling ; unmer- 
ciful : — fia 7itCo, a cruel person. 

Syn. KASAKENAKI, MUGOI. 

Ibubi,-bu A'fi^^ i.v. To emit smoke: hi 
ga ibuiiay the fire smokes. 
Syn. FusuBOBu, kutobit. 
Ibusabs,-bxj Ay^fy^^ f4 !fil (pass, of tbii«7it) 

To be smoked (met.); annoyed, tormented. 
Ibubei,-ki-ku-shi a 'f ^ a 9| t6 »^3« 
Gloomy; dismal; disagreeable; lonely; soli- 
tary: xbMtku omon, to feel gloomy. 
Syn. vnOsBit ubusai, eehuttai. 



Ibushi a y^ n. Fumigation, smoking. 

lBn8Hi,-su A ':f^ 1t^ t.v. To smoke, fumigats; 
(met.) to annoy, vez, torment: katm-buthi 
wo ibtuu, to smoke the flesh of the bonito; 
ka wo — , to smoke out mosquitoes. 
Syn. rnsuBKBU, kutorasu, kunzubu. 

Ibushi-oxtsubi a z^i^S^^^ ^Hn. Fumi- 
gating medicines. 

Ibutsu fff "9 S 9^7 fiwioreni mowi) n. 
Things or property left by the dead. 

I-butsu-bon i^ys^pv *^#t^ The doctrine 
of materialism. 

ICHATsnKi,-KU-iTA A^*^^ 9 # Jft !•▼• (ooU.) 
To flirt ; to sport with the girls. 

Syn. JARAT8UKTT, JABAKUBA SUBU. 

IcHi >f f* ff {^ n. Treatment of disease. 
Syn. BYOJi, ibt5. 

ICHi >f f* «- (AJtoftM) One; first; prime; 
whole : tc/ii-tcA/, each one, every one, eveiy 
particular, one by one; ichi yd, alike, same; 
icJU'do, once ; ichi gi ni mo oyobazu, without 
a single objection; ichi-men, the whole 
surface ; ichi no hito, the first of men in rank, 
viz., a daijodaijin; — dai-ji, of prime impor- 
tance ; — MO miya, eldest child of the Mikado, 
also tlie chief miya of a county. 

I-CHi ^^ f* f^ 6 °* ^^® order or arraoge- 
meut in which things are placed ; placoi; situ* 
ation ; position : —ga yoi; — ga toarui. 

Ichi /f f* ^ n. A market; a fair: iehi-ha^ 
market place; asa-iehi, morning market; 
— fii* wazawai wo kau, to buy trouble (prov.); 
ichi ni itte katte koi, go to the market and 
buy ; iakana-ichi ga tattu, the fish market is 
open ; iehi-bito, market people. 

IcHi-ASHi >f f*7 5^ *^JBE. -^1 ^l"© l«gs; — *^ 
dashite nigeru, ran away as fast as his legs 
could carry him ; — ni nigem, id. 

IcHi-BAN >f f* /C V •* 9^ Number one ; the first; 
the best : — me, the first one, tho best one ; 
dai — , the very first or best. 

ICBIBATAKI,-KU-SHI, Or ICHIHAYAKI >f f-/^Y v' 

adj. Clever; smart; active; keen; shrewd. 
Syn. SUBATAXI, hashixoi. 

IcHi-BBTSu A i^^'f — J^J n. Last time ws 
parted, or separated: — irai, since we last 
met ; since we parted from each other. 

IcHiBi >f f- tf n. A species of scrubby oak : — 
kashi, id. 

floHiBiKo A ^\£^ n. Same as iehigo. 

IcHiBiMB >{ f- If > n. The goddess who pro- 
tects merchants. 

IcHiBiTo >f f- tf f n. A merchant, trader. 

IcHi-BU -f f* 7^ — ^ n. A silver coin formerly 
in use, the fourth part of a ry$,=aboat S3 
cents; the tenth part of an inch; one per cent. 

IcHi-BU-SHi-jO >ff-yi^sJt^ ^Wftolt The 
whole from beginning to end ; everything; the 
particulars: — wo katarut to tell all from 
beginning to end. 

IcHi-DA >{f-^ — S: n» One hor8e-load,=2} 
piculs or 332} lbs.: homma — , id.; karuMhiri 
— , =18 kwamme or 149 lbs. avoir. 

IcHi-DAi-xi Ai-^A ^ — ^^ IC n. A bios* 
raphy, memoir. 



ICH 



187 



ICH 



IcHi-DO A ^^ ^^9, &dv. Once; one time: 

— mo nathi, not even once. 
Syn. HiTo-TABi. 
loHi-Dd >f f* b* T> — isj adv. All; everyone; 

the whole; altogether; conjointly. 

Syn. MINA, BUBBTB. 
ICHino-OAWABHI NI A ^ "? -^ V ^ =^ *^d[$ 

adv. Alternately; hy tarns. 

flcHXDono A ^"^ } i.q. iehiUo. 

Icm-OAi A^ifA *- SI adv. Wholly'; alto- 
gether; without exception or distinction ; in a 
careless or perfunctory manner : ano hito wa 
warui to ichigai ni mo iwaremai, he cannot 
be said to be wholly bad; iehigai na fiumot 
one who is wholly given to one thing, or 
obstinately persists in what he says or does. 

IcBi-OAN Af-if^ —I J: One eye; one-eyed; 
monocolar. 

IcHi-oBTSU-n -ff-y^s?— •H'^o. A Bud- 
dhist temple belonging to the Fnke sect, where 
persons guilty of certain kind of offenses took 
refuge, and were allowed to live. 

IcHiGo '^ ^ =f 4f n. A raspberry, strawberry. 

IcBi-oo A ^ ^ — 5W "• Whole period or 
duration of life: thiehi-jH nen vo — to 



Syn. isshGoai. 

IcHiouBA ^ f> / 9 n. A store, shop, ware- 
house. 

IcEi-ji A ^^ — • W ftdv. For a time ; for a 
short time; for a little while; at a certain 
time ; one o'clock : — kan, for one hour. 

IcHUiKU A f-^^ SS ?6 * n- The fig tree ; a 

fig- 

tIcHLnBosi,-KtT A f' ^ ^ ^ adj. Same as 
ichijirtuhL 

ICBijiRU8Hi,-sn-8Hi A ^ ^ ^ >" ^ B^ adj. 
Distinct ; discriminating ; clearly distinguish- 
ing, as right and wrong ; conspicuous, plain, 
evident, manifest ; efiBcacious : ieijin no mieJti 
ga — , the doctrine of the sages is clear, — not 
confounding truth and error ; kami no rigaku 
— , the help of the kami is most manifest. 

Syn. ASIBAKA, MXIHAEU, rUUUYO, TBKIUXM. 

IcHi-juN >ff-3?;xv — "U n. One decade ; one 
period of ten days. 

Icsnco >f ^ 3 ^ & ^' A wtch; a fortune- 
teller or spiritualist, necromancer; one who 
has communication with the spirits of the 
dead. 
Syn. KucHi-TosK. 

IcBDCATSU A ^^y 12* Checkered, plaid, as 
cloth ; — jima no kaori, 

IcHiare ^Z ^ » n. A female merchant or 
trader 

IcBOfsi A -f ^ A — ^ n. The life : — ni 
kakaru, to endanger the life; — wo nage- 
utsu, to throw away life. 

IcBi-xsN A ^ >f ^ ^ ?5 adv. The whole 
soirface ; all over : sekai — , the whole world. 

IcBi-xx >f f" 1 *^^ Cue ingredient, one 
party : daio iehi-mi no gwanyaktif a pill made 
of rhubarb alone ; — ni nam, to become one of 
the samo party, or army ; — suru, to form a 
party. 



IcHi-u5 A ^i^t^ ^" ^ ^°® ^*^' • — "^ ni»it# 
tenka wo ri nirti mo Yi/i»a9i«, would not pluck 
out a hair to benefit the world (said of Ydshi, 
a Chinese philosopher). 

IcHi-uoEU >f f* « ^ — g n. One view ; a 
bird's-eye view. 

IcHi-uoKUSAN Ni ^ f* % i' "9* V adv. With all 
haste : — haghint, to run with all his might. 

IcHi-HON -f ^ * V *-• 5t adv. Wholly ; en- 
tirely; completely. 

IcemoTsu A i^'&y o^^n. An excellent 
thing; something extraordinary; nothing like 
it. 

IcHi-MOTSU A ^^y *- # (hitotsu no mono) 
One thing ; something : liara ni — aru hito, 
a person who has something in his mind 
which he does not tell ; mu — , nothing. 

IcHi-Niv >f f" ;i V — A. n* One person ; one 
man's load, or one day's work; one day's 
wages: nin$oku ichi »tn,=7 kwamme ot 
about 58 lbs. avoir. 

IcHi-NO-HiTO A ^ ? \i y n. The first of men, 
the Emperor, or the Prime Minister. 

IcHiMOMiTA >f f* >? ? -V n. The principal or 
head Shinto temple in each province. 

IcHi-6 A ^ "t i^ *^ ffli adv. One time ; one 
occasion; once. 

loHi-RAKu >f f* ^ ^ n. A fine kind of ratan- 
work. 

IcHi-BAN >f f- 5 y *^ K (hi tome mini) n. 
One look; a compend, brief summary, epi- 
tome : — sum, to take a look at. 

ICHI-m-ZUKA >f'f*9'/^ — SS< ^- ^^®' 
stones ; mounds of earth markmg the miles on 
a road. 

IcHi-ucHi >f f* ^ f* n. The character for one, 
or the mark used to designate the different 
items of nn account, etc. 

liJHi-wABi >f f- V 9 n. Ten per cent.: — go bu, 
fifteen per cent. 

IcHi-TEN >f f* Jij^ — B All over; the whole; 
everywhere ; one dollar. 

Ichi-t6 a i'-y^ — IJl Alike ; same ; with one 
accord : — no shina, things of the same kind. 
Syn. oNAJi. 

IcHi-zA A f'-f ^^M The whole assembly : 

— no hito ; — sum, to sit with, or make one 
of an assembly. 

IcHi-zu >ff'5f — ^ {hito titji) adv. Only; 
alone; nothing else; persistently; with the 
whole heart : ehUgi ishizu ni omoi-tstimem, 
tlunking of nothing but ^loyalty; ichizu no 
ryoken, possessed with one idea, or feeling ; — 
ni to omou, persist in thinking so, or believe 
so with the whole heart. 

IcHizoKu >f f* / ^ *- :g| n. One family ; the 
whole family. 

loHo A Tt^ $B^ ^ n. Name of a tree, the 
Salisburia adiamtifolia. 

1-CH6 A Tt^ SclH,^' Foreign country. 

IcHOKtJ >f f- 9 ^ ]ft jRr n. The command or 
will left by an Emperor when crying. 

IcHOKU ^f-3^ ^^ (mikotonori ni somuku) 

— iuru, to infringe an Imperial order or 
proclamation. 



lOH 



188 



lEN 



IcrO ^^i> JC X (hokaro no uehi) n. What 
is in one's mind; mind ; purpose ; sentiment : 
tagai ni — wo katarian, 

lDASiBHn[S,-UBU >( ^ ^ S'' A A^ (oftust. of idaht) 
Caase to embrace, or liarbor in the mind; 
cause to feel. 

Idake-taxa 9^tty Stis ^^jK »^v- Draw- 
ing one's self up to liiti full height; sitting 
erect : — ni natu uoNoshiru, drawing one's 
self up to scold. 

Idaki.-xu ^V ^ i^ t.T. To embrace ; to hold 
in the arms; (met.) to bold or feel in the 
heart; to harbor iu the mind; to brood: 
kodomo wo — , io carry a child in the arms ; 
urami wo — , to feel hatred ; tamago wo — , to 
sit on eggs. 

Syn. DAKU, RAEAERU. 
I]>AKI.T8DKI,-KU >f ^ + '7 ^ ft fft t.V. To 

embrace, hug, throw the arms around. 
Ida8HZ,-8U a ff"^ ^ t.V. To cause to go 

out; to send forth; to emit, eject, discharge. 
Syn. DAsu. 
ilDASBiaiMU >f ^r* ^ 4^ 3t n. The lining of the 

cuff of a garment. 
Syn. soDBKUCHi. 
Ide, or loB-TA A 5r Ezelam. used to an an- 
tagonist in bantering. Come on I now then! 

well ! ide o aite ni narimatho^ eome on, I will 

bo your antagonist ; or, I'm your man : — $o 

yoy exclam. Syn. dorb, sa, iza. 
1de,-ru A^^ ^fe i-v. To go out, issue forth, 

proceed from : idete yuke, go away, clear out ; 

vchi yori idem, to go out of the house. 
Syn. PERU. 
Ide-ai.-au At 77 ?b 33^ i.v. To meet in 

the street, or while out. 
Ide-ibi AtA V ^ A n* Going out and 

coming iu ; egress and ingress ; expenses and 

receipts : — mono, one who frequents a place. 
Syn. DBiRi. 
Idbiiashi,-su A^-r-^ i.v. To go out (formerly 

used only of the Emperor, but now used of 

any one). 
Ide-tachi A^Sti' ib A. n. The style or 

manner in which a person is dressed ; the 

dress, costume, equipment, accoutrement : -^ 

wo <uri(, to dress, or equip one's self ; iono 

hi no — ni wa, his dress on that day was, etc. 
Syn. TOBoi. 
Idbtachi,-tsu a ^ ^ ^ ^ p, »•▼• To be 

dressed up, accoutred, equipped; to go out, 

start on a journey. 
Syn. Tosod, shuttatsv. 
loR-Tu A =f^ iA JR o. A hot-spring. 

Syn. ONSEN. 
Ido # h* t^ d* a well : — wo horu, to dig a 

well ; — too umei-u, to fill up a well ; — wo 

kuertiy to clean a weLL 
Ido a t^ ifft X n. Latitude. 
I-dO a it"^ V iiB i}*ha no miehi) n. The 

science of medicine : — ni knwathii hito, a 

person ver.sed in medicine. 
Syn. I-J7T8D. 
Ido data or 1do-no-hata ^i?/<jr ^ f^ Near 

the well ; vicinity of the well. 



Idooab ^i^iT^ # $ n- Cleaning a wsQ: 

— wo ftini, to clean a well. 

Idooawa ^ 1? :jer>^ # i^] n. A well-crib. 

8yn. izuTBU. 
Idohobz #M?iH9 #Sin. A well-digger. 
I-DOKORO >f1^an;^j^n, A dwelling pUee, 

residence. 
Syn. BUUAi, jOeyo. 
Idojiarb,-ru a h* 'T u It i.T. To be chiL 

lenged, defied, provoked to a eon teat. 
lDoui,-Mn A ^ *> ^ t.V. To challenge, defy ; 

to dare; to banter; to entice: tatakaiwo—t 

to challenge to fight ; onna wo — , to entice a 

woman. 
lDOMi-Ai,>An A "? \7y HL"^ *•▼• To chal- 

lenge each other. 

Syn. TATAKAU, ABASOU. 

Idomi.abasoi,-ou >ri?5r9y^ ^'^ i-v- To 
contend or strive together, as in war. 

lDOin-TATAKAI,-An A^ \ 9 9 fi 7 #t f( i*^' 
To battle, make war, contend. 

Ib >f ^ S(^ n. A house, family : — wo tateru^ 
to erect, or raise a house : — 100 fwthin niru, 
to build a house ; — wo otameru, to govern a 
family ; tmbiiretaru ie wo taterut to raise up 
a fallen house or family ; — no Jiro, a servant, 
or one bom in the house ; a yoong gentleman. 
Syn. ucHi, TAKU, tado, ex. 

lB,-Rn >f jc iu ^ i.v. To be healed, cored , 
to recover from sickness: ynmai ga ieta^ the 
disease is cured; kizu ga ieta, the wound is 
healed. 

Syn. KAOBU, ZBNXWAZ, HOKBUXn, JI8U. 

Ie-axb a ^T y fm^ n. Vacating a honse: 

— wo iittukenif to order a person to vacate a 
house ; to eject. 

Iebato >f ^ ><? y« ^ n. A house-pigeon. 
Iedb a ^t ifL ik n. Running away from 

home; leaving home secretly; entering a 

monastery: — sum. 
Iedomo a ^^ ^ 81 adv. Although; yet; bnt 

ktwtri wo moehiyuru to iedomo yamaijisetu^ 

although he took the medicine, the disease is 

not cured. 

S.yn. SABBDOHO, EBBBDOIIO. 

Ieoamab A^if'^'^ SRK n. The stmctore 
of a house; the plan ou which a house is 
built ; appearance of a house : — ga yoi ; — 
ga wanii, 

Ieoaba a ^if9 fii^ n. The kind of family 
(in rank) ; family line ; ancestry : — ga yot, 
of good family ; — no hito, a person of good 
family. 

ilxi >f jc ^ n. A house, dwelling. 

Ibkanb,-bu a ^Hj^j^ 1^ ik ^'^' Bbt^ to 
core ; difficult to heal. 

Ibkazb a ^fi-a n. The wind that blowa from 
the durection of one's home : — too tuuvfcfl- 
9hiku oniou, to feel homesick. 

Ibxi ^:a^ W% °* The gaatrio-jnioe. 

Ienami a ^-f- I JR. A n. Style of house; 
row of houses ; house by honse : — no yoi 
maehi, a street with a fine row of houses; — 
ni go-yokin wo ateru, to asaeas tiixes honse by 
honse. 



lEN 



189 



IHA 



VBAOUB. 



torn 
"tnako 



-f *> 5t i^ SR £ n. The owner of a 
andlord. 
MiNAC^ IB iin. Jesus : — Kirisuto, Jesns 
^*^ .tivAU — *y^»w teBchingg of Jesus. 
b^^*"' S*"^^ J|t5R B. Family line ;pedi. 
ko '^ * .«j — i7« yo»i of good family, 
pbiist; .f^f s? n. The mistress of a family; 
tne real wife. 
8yii. sHuco. 
Ietsu J,:Ay ij^jg (yorolfeo&t) n. Joy; glad- 
ness; delight; pleasure: — turu^ to rejoice, 
to be pleased. 
IiTscGi -f'^j'^SR.iBiJn. An heir, inheritor. 

Syn. KATOKU-NIN, ATO-TSDOI. 

IrxsuzuKi 'f^^^^jtll^n. A continuous 

line af houses; connections; relations. 
Iezukasa ^ ^ if fj -^ n, A steward ; the 

manager or puperintendent of a family. 
Iezdto >f -^ :f > jR ^ n. Presents to one's 

honsebold on returning from a journey: — 

ni guru, 

Syn. UCHI-MIYAOE. 

^^ ^7 ft fft {jfori-ttnku) — sum, to cleave 

to, adhere to; to depend on; to trust in, 

rely upon. Syn. ibai. 
^^ ^ y f; Si- M, (kaioatta nari) Strange 

customs; singular appearance or style of dress. 
Ipuiu >f 7 ^ ^ Jft n. Clothing ; garments ; 

wearing apparel. 

Sju. KTMONO, UE8HIM0N0, ISHO, KOBOMO. 

IruKu ^7^ iSfifS n. Might; power; au- 
thority. 

SjD. IKEN, ISEI. 

IrtJKu ^ 7 ^ iS ^ (oto$hi dane) n. Atastard 

cbiKl. 
Ifcko 5*. 7 ^ jg ||[ (odosht'fiuentj — sum, to 

^abjugate ; tu overawe. 
IruxD >f 7 ^ Si-^fi (oiore fnsu) — turn, to 

subrnit through fear ; to be overawed. 
Iga >f ir ^»] n. A burr, prickly shell: iktin no 

—, a chestnut burr ; iga-guri atama, a head 

coretied with short stiff hair, like a chestnut 

barr. 
IIga >f if pron. You (in contempt) : — tsuku' 

Ttru it, the house which you built. 
Igaki >f ^T* iK n. A ladle made of bamboo; 

a rice basket, 
loici ^if^SS^n, A picket fence, such as 

is seen around a miya. 
Syn. mznxAKi. 
Igak5 'Jf if P •» if 

school. 
Igaku A^P V9^ »• 

cine. 
IoAMASB,-Bu >f dJT -r -te n* , ^ ^ 

To bend; to crook ; to make crooked 

— . to bend a pin. 
Syn. MAasitD. 
lGAin,-5iu >f ^ A A »•▼. Crooked; bent; (met.) 

depraved; perverse: hari ga iganda^ the pin 

is bent ; ki no iganda hito, a perverse fellow. 
Syn. vAOABU, tuoahu. 
loAsa.-MU >r ^ A vjl i.v. To snarl, growl, as 
a dog ; to caterwaul. 
Syn. BAicuKU, kagasu. 



V^^ n. Medical 

Medical science ; medi- 

^ ^ (caust. of igami) 
hari wo 



IoAin-Ai,-AU -A if IT 7 ^"^ *•▼• To snarl of 
growl at each other; to quarrel: neko ga — . 

loATA -A if St ^ n. A mould for casting; % 
matrice : tama no — , a bullet mould. 

■f loATOMX ^ if Si if jt n. A name for u fox ; 
a go-between. 

Igb ^ ^ ft a n. The steam from boiling 
rice. 

loB >f y )>( 'f Below what is mentioned ; after 
this; hereafter; inferior: koreyoriigey below 
this, or after this; samurai ige 7io tnonOf 
persons below the rank of gentry. 
Syn. SHmoTSUKATA, ika. 

loBN >i y^ ^M ^- Majesty, dignity. 
Syn. 101. 

loBTA ^^St t^ ^ n, A well-crib. 
Syn. mooAWA. 

loi # ^ ^ ff Imposing, commanding, or 
authoritative appearance; majestic, august, 
princely : — wo tori-ttHkurou^ to adjust or put 
one's self in a dignified posture ; — tdtd^ great 
majesty. 
Syn. ik5, ioen. 

Igi >f ^ J|. St Objeotion; different opinion: 
igi-nnxJii, uo objection. 

I-oi A ^ S- IX ^' G^-) I^iraent ; objection. 

Igibisu >f =^ »; :^ f^fitSJH n- England: 
— uo, English ; — no kotoba, English lan- 
guage. 

Iqitanai,-ki-ku-shi >{ ^ if -^ >{ adj. Sleepy ; 
drowsy: igitanakute nebokerut to be drowsy 
and stupid. 

Syn. NEMUTAKI. 

Igo >f :f y!A^ After this ; hereafter ; hence- 
forth : kore yori igo^ or A:o«o igo^ henceforth. 

Syn. IBAI, KOMO NOCHI, BONO NOCHI, KONO- 
KATA. 

Igo #^ =f fl S ^' The game of checkers. 

Iguchi >f /f- ^^ n. Hare-lip. 
Syn. MiTBU-occHi. 

Igubumi >f />u ^ n. Shooting birds with an 
arrow having a cord attached to it. 

Igushi >f ^i/ n. AbranchofsaftaH, on which 
paper ofiferings are attached and placed before 
the Kami. ^ 

Igwai >f / ^7 -f 3K ^ (omoi no hoka) unex- 
pected ; beyond one's expectations : — no 
mok€t unexpected gain. 

Igwai Jf fv -^ }^ j^ On the outside of : hono 
itabei yori — , from the outside of this fence. 

Igto >i Ytf V sK n* Medical profession ; 
medical business. 

Igy5 ^'fif {$ # n. A great achievement; 
great or extraorainary deed; marvelous ex- 
ploit. 

Igto ^ i^ -^ i; ^^ {kawatta katacht) n. 
Anything strange, unnatural, jor monstrous in 
form or shape ; heteromorphous : — no balte- 
mono. 

Ihai ^j^A ii )9F °- ^ wooden tablet, on 
which the posthumous name and time of 
death of a person is recorded ; this is placed 
in iho Buttu-dan, and prayers oilered, and 
offerings of flowers, rice, tea, etc., made to it 
morning and evening. 



IHA 



190 



IIG 



Ibai #^N>r ^V Disobedience: — «iiru, to 
disobey; thujin no iittuke fU — $uru, to 
disobey the ozdeni of a master. 
Syn. soKUKU. 

I-HAi |^^^>r at If (chigai 8<mu1n) n. Ob- 
jection ; dissent : — furu, to object, dissent ; 

— wo tU| id. 

I-HAZU8HI,-BU >{^N^3^ #| ^ t.V. To Sboot 

and miss the target. 

Ihsm ^"sd^ atffi 1^* Failure; breach of 
promise: yakutohu wo — suru, to fail in 
fulfilling an agreement; — naku, without 
fail. 
Syn. TAOAu, soifuxn, chigabbu. 

Ihbn ^4 '^y' Sr 9t Uncommon ; unusual ; 
strange ; extraordinary : — na koto, 
Syn. KWAi-z. 

ilHO >f ijt n. Five hundred; many; innumer- 
able : — i yama, mountain upon mountain ; 

— toie, many years. 

Iho >f /n ^ V ^ n. A medical prescription, 
or recipe. 

Iho ^ J^tf J^ fP i^oto naru kunt) n. Foreign 
country: —jin, foreigners. 

Iho >f ^mC^ JI >^' n- Different quarter of the 
world; different direction. 

Ihobi >f 7)c y n. See tort. 

Ihto >f ^ ^ Ml ii {omoi no hoka) Surprising ; 
unexpected: — ni izuru, to be greatly sur- 
prised ; to be taken aback at something un- 
expected. 

Ii -f -f W" adj. (coll.) Good; well; right; 
fine; pretty; nice: ii kethiki, a beautiful 
landscape; itte mo ti, may, or can go; — 
mizu, good water; — kimonot fine clothes ; do 
demo — , any how will do ; — ki ni nam, to be 
easy, unconcerned; — ja nai ka, is it not 
fine ? — Jira, is it right ? — kimi da, it serves 
you right. 

Syn. 'SOI, TOBosHn. 

Ix ^ b ft (me»hi) n. Boiled rice. 

Ii >f b tl n. Meaning ; signification ; reason ; 
purport ; excuse : kore no ii nari, this is the 
purport ; kore wa navji no ii nari, you are the 
embodiment of this ; — nathi, inexcusable ; 
unintelligible. 

ill >f b M n. A dam : — too hiraku, to break 
open a dam. Syn. sbkj. 

Ii, Iu ^ 7 *|r t.V. To say, speak, tell, call : 
mono wo — • to talk; nan to itta^ what did you 
say 7 nawo iu, to give one's name ; kore wa 
nan to iu monOf what is this called ? ue wo ten 
to iu, that which is above is called heaven ; 
na wa Kiehi to iu, his name is called Kichi ; 
aeJii ye ite $6 1>, go there and say so ; Sada ni 
iakana wo katte hoi to ie, tell Sada to go and 
buy some fish : neg. iwana or xwazu ; neg. per. 
iwananda, 
Syn. Mosu, kataru, tsuosbu. 

Ii-Ai,-An >f b r 7 "S" '^ i.v. (coll.) To dispute, 
wrangle, altercate, quarrel : fiito ii-ai ni natta, 
suddenly began to quarrel. 

Ii-AKASHi,-8u ^ b T A >^ t.V. To coofess, or 
acknowledge the truth ; to bear witness to. 

IiABi >f b T 9 n. A small red ant. 



Ix-atb,-bu Jf u r T '^ "a i* *v* well: 
guess; nazo wo ii-ateta, have g, > 

riddle. V- t 

Ii-awa8B,-bu >f b T'^'^-te*' "e -^ *-^ ( / 

over and agree upon anything; t(|er. 
arrange : myonichi no koto ii-awas* plsM , ^ 
talk over and arrai^itfjsMiiiawA^t , 

Il-ATAMABI,-Bn >f b T "V ^ ^^ "ffw ,*-^' -j/V 

mistake or blunder in saying or telUng Uj ^ 
thing: ii-ayamaraseni, to cause another (^ 
make a mistake in speaking. 

IiBiTsu ^ h}£9 IK M »• A tub for holding 
boiled rice. Syn. bent5. 

IiBO >f b ijf n. Grains of boiled rice; a wart; 
i.q. ibo. 

IiBUN >f b p^ V •*■ ^ n. Something to say 
against or about ; some fault to find : ome 
ni — ga aru, 1 have something to say ftgwnst 
you ; — ga nai, no fault to find. 
Syn. nousA, moshibun. 

IiCHioAi,-AU >r b f- ** 7 "f ^ i-v. To miatoke 
in telling; to say or tell incorrectly: to 
blunder. 

Ii.CHioiBi,-BU >f b f- ^ *^ ^ 1^ i.^. lo ^ 
engaged, or promised to each other (in mar- 
riage). 

IlCHIBASHI,-BU or Il-CHIBAEASU -4 h 1* 1 ^ 

■f Hi t.v. To spread about, or disseminate 
anything by talking about it ; to speak abas 
ively. 

IiDAKO >f >f ^ 3 n. A small kind of cuttle-fish. 

IiDA8Hi,-8U >rb^3^ -f^ t.V. To begin to 
speak ; to utter; to speak out or say ; to pn^ 
nouuce : iidashite ato ye hikanai, having said 
anything, not to retract it. 

IiFUKUMS.-BU -f b 7 ^ >» ^i' "g" *§• i*^« "To put 
words into the mouth of another; tell one 
what to say ; to impress on the mind of anotba. 

IlFDBA8HI,-8U >f b 7 ^ X "S" JH *•'• *5 

publish, make known, divulge; to tell and 
circulate anything ; to blaze abroad. 

IiFUBE,-BU ^ b 7 1^ ^ t.v. To accost ; to tell 
and circulate a matter. 

IirD8E,-BU ^ \ly^s^ "SVt *•▼• To defeat 
in an argument ; to vanquish, refute, oonlnte. 

IiFUSEoi,-ou ^ h7-ftf^fif t.v. To gainaay, 
contradict; to oppose in words; to deny; to 
defend in words. 

tliOAi ^ b d^ b n. A ladle used in serriog 
out rice. 

IiOAiNAKi,-Kn-8Hi ^ \i if 4 -^ % ad), ^ot 
worth speaking of ; no use in talking abont; do 
use in saying; untrustworthy; nnreliable: — 
mono domo kana, how unreliable I 

IiaATAi.-Ki-KU-sHi ^ h if Jt ^ "g" 1^ adj. 
Hard to say, or diflicult or impossible to 
speak of or tell. 

IiousA >f b Z-^" -f ai n. Amatteror«object 
of dispute ; excuse, pretext : ano hito no uf^w 
ga warui kara hara ga tatsut I am asgr; 
because what he said was bad ; — no tamt ni 
natta, became the subject of dispute ; — S^ 
nai, nothing to say against it; no taoUto 
find ; — ni aiini, to make as a pretext ; — vj 
iu, to speak against another. 



HH 



191 



HN 



lXBAOUAAK48H1,-8U ^ h ^ i^ ^ ff ^^ t.Y, To 

turn the eonversatioD to flomeihing else ; to 
make to wander away from the subject. 

IiHAHACHi,-Tsn >f b ^"^ ■^ ^ i.v. To say posi- 
tirely or explicitly : iruue to mo iihanatarezut 
I cannot say positively yes or no. 

IiEABi,-Ru >r b ^N ^ "^ ^ ^•^' To persist in 
saying ; to be obstinate and unyielding. 

IiHATASHi,-su >f b^N-VX t.v. To clrculate or 
1 give publicity to ; to bruit, or noise abroad. 

IiEAZu8Hi,-8n >f b^N5^5^ "s ^ t.v. To miss 
or fail to speak of, fail to guess. 

ImiBAXi.-Ktj >f b b ^ ^ "S* W *•▼• To 
vindicate, exculpate ; to dear from the charge 
of fault or crime ; to explain or clear away 
charges. 

IiBoi>oKi,-Ki) >f b Th 1? ^ "f fff tv. To 
unravel, solve, explain, interpret, analyze. 

Ii-iBE,-BU -f b >f V ^ "^ A t.v. To speak 
into ; to propose, ofifer, put in an offer or bid. 

IiKABU8B,-au >f \ifi-f-\tA' t.v, To impute, or 
lay to the charge of another. 

IisACHi,-Tsu ^ hijy 5- Jft i.v. To defeat, 
vanquish, beat or overcome in a discussion. 

IxKAB,-Rn J( M-^^A' "^ # t.v. To change or 
take back what one has said; to retract, 
disavow. 

IiEAESHi,-iBU >f b :» 'N 5^ "I* !^ t.v. To say 
back ; to retort ; to answer back, reply to : 
shujin ye iikaetuwa hitiu-rei da^ it is impolite 
to answer back to one's master. 
IiKAXK,-an -f b :>> ^ A' "^ # t.v. To impute, 
charge with ; to blame, accuse with ; to begin 
to say, be about to say ; to propose; to accost ; 
to address another : nandai wo — . 
IiXAxiraBi,-su >f b * ^ :3^ *!■ S t.v. To con- 
ceal or cover over by talking, to palliate, to 
deny the knowledge of. 
Itkavat,-ao ^ n-fj'ry t.v. To dispute, con- 
trovert, argue against. 
IiKAxs,-an >f b ^ ^ H' "^ It ^-^* ^^ dislike 
to tell ; to find it hard to say. 

IlKA8UlCE,-BU A H in ^ J» ^ 'S'tR t.v. To 

obfloore by telling, obfuscate. 
IiKATA >f b :^ ^ "§• :^ n. Way or manner of 
speaking ; something to say : — ga nai, impos- 
sible to say it; nani to ka — ga ariso na 
mono, there may be some other way of speak- 
ing or saying it. 

IiKATA]CS,-BU ^ M^ St jt ^ :£•£ t,v. To Con- 
firm, establish, ratify, settle : ehikatte yakujd 
wo — , to confirm a promise with an oath. 

IXKAWASBI,-8a >f b ^ -^^ 5^ "S* 5^ t.v. To 
exchange words ; to promise ; to make a verbal 
a^^reezneat, or engagement : nocJn ni maehi- 
gawann yO-ni tagai-ni ii-kawtuhi okti. 

Ixne >f b ^ n. A vessel for holding boiled rice ; 
i.q. ohachi. 

IiKJUUXU >f b >* 7 ^ pret. Said : Kdihi no — , 
Conf acius said. 

IiK£SHZ,-8U -f b^:^ trfS t.v. To contradict, 
deny, gainsay : hito ito haiuuhi wo — , to con- 
tradict what another says. 

InaKA.aK,-BU ^fb^^-te*- -fM t.v. To tell, 
iuf orxn of ; to communicate, let know, let hear. 



IlKIWAHX,-BI7 ^ \S ^ r^ jt A^ "©fE t.V. To 

settle, decide, determine; to exhaust a 

subject, say all that can be said, f 
IisoMB,-BU >r b =3 j» H' '^tt t-v> To confute, 

convince ; to silence another in an argument, 

defeat. 
IiKosHiBAE,-Bi7 >f b 3 »^ ^ 's /u t.V. To make 

up a story, or to explain a matter falsely, so 

as to clear or save one*s self. 
IiKUBASHi,>su >f b ^ 9 ;^ *^ ^ t.v. To spend 

the whole day in talking about anything: 

oya no koto wo — . 

IlBOBOMB,-BU >fb^P>/W "f^ t.V. To 

blacken by talking; to dupe; to color or 
varnish by words: sagi wo karasu ni — , 
(prov.) by reasoning to make the white heron 
black a^ a crow. 

IiKDTABBi.-su >f b ^ JT 3^ t.V. To spcak dis- 
paragingly of ; to decry. 

IiMADoi,-ou >f b V 1? 7 "§"18 i.v. To be 
confused, lost, or bewildered in one's talk ; 
caust. ii'madowaieru, to confuse or cause 
another to err in speaking. 

IZUA0IRA8HI,-BU ^h^^^Of, "fj^ t.V. To 

speak confusedly so as to conceal the truth ; 

to blind or mystify by talking ; to mislead. 
IivAKB,-Bu >f b -r ^ ** •$■ J( i.v. To be 

defeated or vanquished in an argument. 
IiMAWASBi,-su >f b -r -'^ X *^ ^ t.v. To talk 

cleverly: to handle a subject skillfully; to 

explain. 

IlMIDA8HI,-8U ^ b ^•X t.v. To Call OUt, BUd 

confuse or inteirapt a person who is speaking. 
IiHnKAi,-Au -f b A * 7 t.v. To speak back ; 

to oppose. 
I-iN >f ^ 2^ H ^ n. A physician, medical 

man. 
I-iB 'f ^ V ^ g n. A committee : — ehd^ 

chairman of — . 

IlNADAMB,-BU >fb^^J»^ "1*^ t.V. To 

soothe, comfort, pacify, console by words. 
ItNAOABA >f b i-#* ^ adv. While saying ; while 

speaking. 
IiNAGASHi,-8U -f b ■^i^r^ t.v. To publish, set 

a-going ; to circulate. 
IiNABAi,-An >f b •^ 9 7 "s tff !.▼. or t.v. To 

be accustomed or used to saying ; to be in the 

habit of saying; to learn to talk, or speak. 
IiNABE,-BU -f b ■^ u >u i.v. To be accustomed 

or used to say or speak ; to talk together and 

become intimate. 
IiNA8Hi,-8U ^ b •^X tr JS t.v. To make 

appear so by talking ; to represent, show, or 

make by talking : uto wo makoto ni — , to make 

a lie appear to be the truth ; am koto wo nai 

ni — , to make out that a thing which is is not. 
IiNAzuKB >f h-}-*/^ n* Betrothal ; espousal : 

— wo iurUf to betroth. 
IiNAzuKE,-BU >fb■^5^^>^ ttS^ t.v. To 

betroth, affiance ; to contract in marriage. 
IiNizui.-Ki-Ku-sHi >f b £i ^ ^ "§" .^» adj. 

Hard or difficult to say ; bad, unpleasant, or 

disagreeable to say. 
IiNmuMi,-MU >r b n ^ A t.v. To speak evil of, 

calumniate. 



nN 



192 



nw 



IlMOBEi-BU >f b >7 ^ H' ^ % t.T. To pOStpODe, 

defer, put-off; T7 9( to tell, relate: astatte 

made to — , to postpop^ speaking of it until 

day after to-morrow. 
IiNooAREy-BU A h ? if ^^ "fS t'^* To 

avoid speaking of ; to evade, shuu, or escape 

by saying : luiugi wo — . 
IiMUKX,-Bn ^ b 5< >• >u *** U t.v. To slip out 

of, get out of, or escape by talking. 
Ii-0KX,-KU >f b :J- ^ "g" X *•▼• To leave word, 

give directions : kuwathiku ii-oite kaeta, leav- 
ing particular directions, returned. 
Ii-osE.-Ru or Ii-owASERU >f b:!"^*^ "©ft t.v. 

To impute; to lay to the charge of another ; to 

blame with: toaga Uumi wo hito ni ii-owaseru, 
Ii-68E,-BU A b 4* ^ -ir A* t.v. (coll.) Not able 

to mention or speak about : to-tdii-oserMkatta^ 

could not introduce the subject. 
Ii-0T08Hi,-8u >f b :t* > 3^ t.v. To decry, run 

down, speak evil of. 
IiPAMASHi A b /< -^ i^ (coll), n. Saying and 

going away without waiting for a reply : — ni 

shite yulin. 
Ii8ABAKi,-KU >f b"9'/C^ "S"^ t-^' To say 

and unravel, uufold or explain; to clear up 

what is obscure or difficult. 
IiSAMA8Hi,-su >f b ir V 7^ -g" 3^ t.v. To spcak 

and dissuade from ; to cool or abate the desire 

for anything by talking ; to depreciate. 

Il8AHATAG£,-Bn >{ h "f ^ St Y A^ % ^ *•▼• By 

speaking to hinder, interfere, or prevent ; to 

interrupt. 
Ii8ABHi,-su >f b 1^ 3^ "g" iS *'^' To leave off 

talking before one is done, owing to some 

interruption. 
|IiBHiOBi,-Bn >f b S^^ A* t.v. To speak dis- 
paragingly of, decry. 
IiSHiRoi,-oD ^ b i' n 7 t.v. To dispute, 

altercate, wrangle. 
IiSHizauE,-Bn -ibS^5^->»A' '^ H t.v. By 

speaking to hush, quiet, or still ; to calm. 
li80BiBE,-BU -f b V If ^^^^ i.v. Not able to 

speak or give utterance to, as from powerful 

emotions, or waut of opportunity. 
I.soKONAi,-AU >fbV3-^7 a"# t.v. To 

mistake in saying, to commit an eiTor in 

speaking. 
Ii.souE,-nu >{ b y -y A* ?" %J i«v» To begin to 

talk, as a child ; to be derived, or coined, as a 

word; to be first spoken. 
I:6oNJi,-RU ^ftyvsJA* "gS t.v. To 

miutaku in saying, say incorrectly; to do harm 

by speaking. 
+Ii-808Hi,-sD 'f t y 3^ "g" S t.v. Same as 

iisugoshi. 
Iiso80KCBE,-Ru 'f b y y ^ u A* i.v. Same as I 

iisobireru. I 

IisuGi,-RU >f b 5^ 4' 'i' "a sS J-V" To say too 

much, or more tiian is proper; to speak rudely, 

violently or abusively. 
Ii8uoosHi,-8U >f b X ::i' 3^ t.v. To say more 

than was necesoary or proper and thus do 

harm. 
IiscKUME,-RD -f \i'A ^ jf '^ t.v, To couviuce 

or force to yield or assent to an argument. 



IiBUTE,-Bn >f b X T A* *§* ^ t.v. To say and 
go away, not waitmg for a reply : aitaUu mo 
kikatu ni ii-sutete yuku, without even listen- 
ing to the salutation he said (what he had to 
say) and went away. 

Ii-TAi,-u-Kn-8HZ >f b ir >f adj. Wi^htosayor 
speak; desirous of teUing: ano hito ni iitai 
koto ga yama-yama aru^ I have many things 
which I wish to say to lum ; iitaku nai^ do not 
wish to say. 

Irr A0BHi,-8U >{ b ir 7 5^ "S" W t*^* To over- 
come, vanquish, or defeat in an argument. 

IiTATE,-BU A ^ St T ^ "S^ ^ **^" To set 
a-going ; to get up or originate, as a story or 
report ; to present in words ; to say, or oflez 
to a superior, as a petition or report. 

IiT0OA)fS,-BU Hf b > ^* > jw t.v. To censure, 
find fault with, reprove, reprimand. 

IiTORi.-BU ^ b h 'I' "S" ^ t.v. To express in 
words ; to speak, tell, or explain in language : 
kokoro ni wakarite wa iredomo ii-toru koto 
ga muzukathii, although I understand, it is 
difficult to express in words. 

Iit68hi,-8u a \i h ih"^ "S" ^ t.v. To continne, 
or persist in saying ; to say constantly : fcaku 
no gotoku iitd»hi thijU ichi gon mo aratanu 
mosazu toro^ she persists in constantly saying 
so, and does not alter a single word: 

IiTsuoi,-ou >f b S' / "S" ft t.v. To pass or 
transmit a word or message from one to 
another : hito no lianashi wo iitsuide yarn. 

Syn. KOTOZUKBBU. 

IiT8UKAWA8m,-8U -fb5'^'^^^ "g"^ t.v. To 
tell or say to another by a messenger ; to seud 
a messenger to say, 

IiTsuKB ^ b 7 ^ n. A command, order. 

IlT8UKB,-BU A hy^A' "g" flj t.V. To gi^B 

orders ; to command ; to bid ; to tell, inform. 
XiT8nEi,-Kn ^ b ^^^ ^ i.v. To approach and say 
anything to another. 

IlT6UEUB0I,-0U >fby^B7 'g'lHI t-V* To 

mend, repair, or adjust by words. 

IlT8UEU8HI,-BU >f b S' ^ 5^ "S" jR t-"^- To 

exhaust a subject; to say all that can be 

said. 
IlTSDME,-BU A h y Jt A' "g" I* t.v. To com€i ; 

to put one in a tight place in an argument ; 

to silence, confute. 
IiTsuNOBi,-RU >f b y >^ ** "g" 4fe i-v- To grow 

warm in an argument ; to become more and 

more excited or severe in talking ; to persist 

in saying. 

IlT8UTAB,-BU ^b^iT-^-JU 'g'fll t.V. To tcU 

from one to another ; to hand down by saying; 
to preach to others ; to disseminate. 

IiT8UZCKB,-Bn A hyy^TA^ t.V. To continus 
to speak; to take up and oontinoe when 
another has left off. 

IiWAKE A ^V ^ "g* K ^* Explanation ; ac- 
count ; apology ; excuse ; extenuation : — tro 
surN, to offer an apology or explanation; — 
ga naif nothing to say in explanation ; no ex- 
cuse. 

IiWAX£,-BU A ^V^f^ t.v. To explain, cleat 
up, or make plain ; to make a distinction. 



nw 



198 



IKA 



InriXASBi >f bV St l<^ d. Sentence (of a jadge). 

InrATAgHI,-SU >f b !7 if 5^ a" ijK *'^" T® P**^ 

ft word or order to another ; to give ordeiii ; 
to give judgment, decide; to pronounce 
fleDtenoe. 
IryABUBi,>Rn 4 h -^ ^ ^ "f fi t.v. To 
diynlge ; to break a secret : tu confute or oou- 
▼inee: kakiuhita koto wo — , to divulge a 
secret 
Ire 4 4 jc :^ adv. No ; is not; am not; (used 

in answering in the negative). 
IiTo >r b -V ♦ *$" ^ J^« Wflv, or manner of 
epe^ikiDg, pronouncing, or saying; mode of 
speech or utterance : mnznkashiknte — (fa tiat, 
it is 8o difficult I cannot bUy it. 
Sjrn. ii-KATA. 
Ixro&i,-fta >f b 3 A' "§" ^ i-^- To approach 

and say ; to court, *«voo. 
IiZAMA ^ n-f-r "g" f 3. n. Way of speaking ; 
habit of Baying; (generally u^ed in anger or 
eontempt) : — no wurni hito, one vrho is in the 
habit of speaking in an ill-tempered or 
biackgnnrd way. 
Ut 4 if ^ "f. {kawatta koto) u. Anything 
stDiiige, unusual, uncommon, or extraordi- 
nar>'. 
^ ^ ^ £ ^ u. Spirit; temper; disposition; 
obstiaacy : — no warui hitOy a bad-tempered 
penon ; cross ; ill-natured : — wo haru^ to be 
obstinate, cross-grained; — ni naru^ to be- 
. come obstinate ; — no kitanai^ greedy (of 
food). 
Syn. Ki, EOKORO. 
^i ^ ^ ^44 (moc/ii kotneru) — iuru, to 
support, maintain ; to continue in the same 
Slate without succumbing ; to hold on : koito 
nhhthtnyihi wo — «iiru, to support this news- 
p:ip*r. 
l/ZBARL-nn >f f? /C>p ^ ^^ i.v. To be 

ol«stiiiate, headstrong, unyielding. 
lnorrANAi,-Et-Kn-8Bi >ff:\^jr-h>f arlj. (coll.) 

Gluttonous ; greedy ; fond of good en ting. 
Di-ui J{ ^ 4 ^ — mvu^ to fret ; to be irritated ; 
peevish : kodomo ga — , the child frets, or is 
peevish. 
Ijikari-uata >f 3? * 9 "^ ^ fldv. * — de amku, 
to walk with the legs widely separated; to 
walk in a straddling way. 
Ijikb.-ru >f^^A' i.v. To shrink, contract 
into a smaller compass ; to be small or stunted ; 
to wither: samnkete ijikern^ to shrug up with 
the cold ; konoji wa ijikete dekitd, this letter 
is written very small. 
In)fE,-nv ^ f > *• t.v. (coll.) To bully, 
hector; to treat with insolence ; to vex, tease; 
to annoy ; to chafe : hito wo ijimem ; inn wo 
— , to tease a dog. 
lim >f s? V ^ A. A* ^ barbarian, foreigner. 

Syn. TBBisu. 
I'jm f^j^y^ X A i^otofiaru hito) n. An old 
man endowed with supernatural powers, sup- 
posed to live am-^ng the mountains. 
IjiBA8an,-xx-Kv -fsJ^S^-f adj. Lovely; 
eliarming (as > child)* ijirashiku omou, to 
xefsard as lovel; • 
9d 



l7iBi,-BU 4^f^ #' t.v. To handle, to fer*!, 
meddle with ; also, to oppress, vex, tease ; to 
insult: tanio ijiri-nasan-nat don't handle it 
much; hi ijirisuru, to play with fire. 
Syn. SAZHAMtJ. 

ljnti-i>ASHi,-«f7 ^ f ; ^ 3^ t.v. To drive awa? 
by persecuting, vexing, or oppressing. 

Ijitsu ^ 3^ 7 Jl ^ (kotonam hi) n. Another 
day. Syn. tajitstt. 

Ijizuku >f ^5 ^ If J& fi Excited ; roused to 
obstinacy ; overbearing : — ni mirUf to become 
excited and unyielding, as in a dispute. 

Syn. HABT-AI. 

Ij5 >f S?-Y^at^ (vikothi gaki) n. A will 
or any writing made by a dying person and 
left for the instruction of others. 

Ij6 >{ s^-V^ JIj^-^ adv. Above; before: rokujft 
nen t^'d, above ) years. At the end of a letter, 
=this is the end, or conclusion,:=:finiA : chu 
yori — no mono^ persons above the middle cIkbh. 

IjO ^^=a,^ J^^n. (coll.) Dwelling; resid- 
ing ; living : — sum, 
Syn. SUM 41, jOkyo. 

I/O >{ f ^ <^^ (ntsnri snmii) n. Bemoval 
or changing one's dwelling place ; emigration 
from one country to another: — nin, an 
emigrant. 

Ijutsu -f s? - y '9 ^ °- The medical art ; 
practice of medicine. 

Ika 4 ij ^ 'f adv. Below ; below this ; from 
this on ; henceforth ; after this : chil ika no 
monOf persons below the middle class. 

Ika 4 :fj ;^ 1% n. The cuttlefish. 

Ika 4 ij ^ ^ (kimono kake) n. A rack or 
stand for hi^nging cloth on. 
Syn. iKd, xizokake. 

+Ika 4 ij n. Fifty days; fiftieth day; the 
celebration on the fiftieth day after a child's 
birth. Syn. oojCntchi. 

Ikabakari >f ^ /<? * 9 ip fsy t]- {nani hodo) 
adv. How much? how great? very gieat: 
— ka nreshikurv, how great was his joy ! 

Ieada ^ ^ ^ ^$ n. A raft of timber. 

Ikadashi >f;/^5^ ^$\^ "• A raftsman. 

Ikadb 4 -fs^ adv. In some way ; how ? why ? 
=dd yU wake de; — mini koto mo gana^ that 
I might in some way see it ! 

i-lKADS-iKADB >f ^ X -f * r ^dv. I pray that, 
beseech, ptease : — kiktt»e tavuie^ please let 
me hear. Syn. dozo-dozo. 

Ieadeka J{ ij t ^ '^ (dmhite) adv. How? 
why? — . ore ni ma$ttm lekiy how can it be 
better than this ? — tnnt koto no aran, how 
could such a thing be. 
Syn. NA nsHiTB, doshits. 

Ikaoa 4fJi* ^fj adv. How? why? what? 
doubtful, hesitation : — sen, or — itaso, what 
shall I do? — irashaimaiu, how are you ? yo 
ni iri kaetm mo ikaga nareha, being doubtful 
about reta .*ning in the night ; kore wa — de 
gozaru, how is this ? miehi wa — de gozari- 
mantf how is the road? byonin no yodni wa 
— , how is the sick man? — to nareba, to 
explain, or state the reaRon- f'lr, because. 
Syn. nd nani. 



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194 



IE A. 



lKAOA8Hii,-ni-KU-8Hr ^ it ii 9^ ^ iy fSJ % a^j- 
Doubtful ; dubious ; uncertain : aniari iUagatthii 
kara itashimaietit as it is yerj doubtful, 
I shall not do it. 

Syn. OBOTBUKANAI, UTAOAWABHII. 

Ikahodo -f * Tjt h* f»I il HoV much? — art/, 
how much is there? — mo naif have not 
much : — hone wo oite mo dekinai, how much 
soever I labor, I ean*t do.it. 

Syn. DORE-HODO, MANI-HODO, DONO KUBAI. 

Ikai ^ fj h :A: adj. (coll.) Great; big; 
euoriQous ; much : — koto <iiii, have a gr&nt 
many ; — tf<o, a great lie; — tawake man da, 
a great dunce; — o tewa ni iiaritnashitay I 
Lave given you much trouble. 

Syu. OKI, TAKU8AN. 

Ikai ^ m ^ ii PS n- Rank; grade: — wo 

xnsnmUt to rise in rank ; — wo sadametn, to 

fix the number and order of ranks ; — no 

hiknkif of inferior rank ; — no takai, of high 

rank. Syn. kurai. 
Ikai >f :^ ^4 Wi jH t^- Medical etiquette : — 

wo mamorn ; — wo yahuru; — ni tcmukn. 
IxAKB,-RU ^ fj ^A' ^ ^ t.v. To repair pots, 

kettles, or any kind of castings : nabe wo — , 

to mend a kettle. 
fliLAKEJi ^ fj iT'fs n. A kind of gold lacquer. 
IsAKB-TA ^ fj ir -y ^p ^ n. A tinker ; a 

repairer of utensils made of cast metal. 
ilEAKi >f :^ dft adj. Bold ; courageous ; — 

kokoro, courage. 
Ijaku >f5?'Y^ W 55 ^' (med.) Dyspepsia; 

indigestion. 
Ikaheshii,-ei-kt7 jffjjii^^ ^gi ad}. Hav. 

ing a stem, severe, or fierce appearance; 

magnificent : — idetaehi, clothed in a fierce 

or imposing manner. 

Syn. IKATSUI, ABAI. 

Ikamono-oui a fJ^ J ^ ^ PJ^^ n. (coll.) 
One who dares eat anything. 
Syn. AKu-JiKi. 

Ikahomo-zukuri ^ fj ^ J *t ^ V n. (coll.; A 
maker of spurous articles. 

flKAHONozuKURi -ftT-^^^^jf^^n. A fcarful- 
looking weapon ; a name given to a sword. 

Ikan >f ^ V JCf Pl adv. Of interrogation, or 
doubt; how? what? — to iuru, what shall 
you do ? — to mo ntru koto tioji/tt, I can do 
nothing; kore wa ikan to mo subekarazut I 
cannot possibly do this ; cannot in any way 
do this ; ikan to narebay to give the reason ; to 
state why ; because ; ikan zo yuku beken^ how 
can I go ? Syn. doshitb, d5mo, ikani. 

Ikan >f :fr S" ^ ^ n. (med.) Cancer of 
stomact>. 

Ikan >f * v ig ig n. Regret ; sorrow ; remorse : 

- no itari, extreme regret. 

IxANAREBA >f A -^ V /^ (same as ikan to 
nareba) For the reason that ; for ; because. 

Ikanaru >f * i- A' -kv ^pf adj. What kind ? what 
manner ? — yti^e , what reason ? kore wa — 
furwnai zo ya, what kind of conduct is this ? 

— hito jat what kind of a man ? kyo wa — 
kichi nichi zo, what a lucky day this is 1 

Syn. noNO-To na, donna 



Ieani jf fj ^ iy{i| pron.oradv. Of interroga- 
tion, ur doubt; how? what? — «^i, whHt 
shall I do? kimi wo ikani tabakari natan, 
how can I deceive my master? ikani $?nte mo 

. yoiy any way will do ; ikani ya, how is it? 
— to nareba, if you ask how; the reason is; 
because. Syn. DoeHiTE. 

Ikanimo ^-fjA^ adv. Indeed; very much; 
very well ; greatly : — zonjite orimatu, 1 know 
it very well; — taike no ydzn^ it had very 
much the appearance of a rich house. 

Ikanobobi 4 it ? 1^ ^ tf^% t^* a kite: — tco 
tobatn, or — wo ageru, to fly a kite. 
Syn. TAKo. 

Ikanu, Ikanai, Ikazu ^ ^x :^ff (neg. of ibi, 
cull.) Not going; will not ge;will not do: 
iku yori ikanu ho ga tt, it is better not to go 
than to go. 

Ik ABASE ,-Ru 4 fi y Mit^ <$* % (caust. of tJcan) 
To make angry ; to anger, enrage. 

Ikara8HI,-8u >t fj7 y^ t.v. To move i katawo 
— , to move the shoulders fas in walking). 

Ikare,-ru 4 fi\^A' 2ff (poten. of iku: coll.) 
To go ; can go ; — nat , cau*t go, can't be done. 

Ikaberu 4 ^ V'A' Jg adj. Angry: — ganzhoku, 
angry countenance. 

Ikari ^ :^ >; ^ n. An anchor : — too apenn, 
to heave the anchor ; — no tztime, the fluke 
of an anchor ; — wo oroiu, to cast anchor; — : 
znna, an anchor cable. ' 

Ikari -f * 9 ^ n. Anger: — wo okostt, to 
excite anger; — wo fukumu, to feel angry, — 
wo nadameru, to soothe anger. 

Syn. HARADACHI, IKIDORI. 

Ikari,-rd >f * ^u Jg i.v. To be angry . ikatte 
mono wo in. to talk in anger. I 

Syn. 0K0R17, HABATAT8U, BIPPUKU. 

Ikari,-ru >f * n. ^ i.v. To be put into the 
water and kept alive, as a flower : Irono hana 
wa yoku ikarimashita, this flower (in water) 
has kept well iu bloom. 

ilivARi-i >f ^ 9 -f n. A savage or angry wild j 
boar. 

Ikaru >f * a- ^ jfj n. The grosebeak, or 
linnet. 

Ikaruga -f * /i"^* n. A wild pigeon. j 

Ikasama 4 ij-f-r fPJ ^J. adv. How ; in what j 
way ; but iu coll. UHod in expressing aurpiisa 
or assent to what another says ; indeed, ' 
truly : — so de gozarima$ho, ye<» I it is so. 

Syn. GENI, NARUHODO. 

Ika8e,-ru ^ :^ -18 ^ <^ f f (caust. of iku) Used 
in com. coll. for yukauem, to make to go; let 
go; to Hend: ikasete kudasare^ let me go; 
hito wo Tuhyo ye — , to send a man to Tokyo. 

+Ika8HI,-kc-shi 4 -fj l^ adj. Prosperous; foil 
of grain, as an ear of rice ; stem, fearful. 

Ika8hi,-8U a ij-x, ^ t.v. To restore to life, 
revive; to let live; to keep alive: thini-ka- 
katta hito wo kuniri de ikasu, to revive one 
almost dead with medicine ; izhi wo ikazhiU 
tzidau, to ufie stones (in a garden) so as to 
add to its beauty ; kane wo ikazkiu ttukau, 
to spend money usefully ; tort wo ikmshite ok», 
let the bird live. 



IKA 



196 



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Ikata >f ^ jr ^ S n. A mould, matrix for 

casting ; i.q. iyata. 
Ikat8uoamabhiz,-ki-ku 'i fj y -ff-ri^JI adj. 

(ooU.) Bough ; Larsb ; rnde in manner. 
Ikat81}i,-ki-ku -f :fr 5» >f adj. Bade; harsh; 

roogh in manner ; charlish : — hito, a person 

rongli in manner. 

Syn. ABAI, HAGXBHn. 

IsjiTBSHi.-sn ^ fi^yt, #[ ^ t.y. To shoot 
back : ya wo — , to shoot an arrow back. 

Iza-t5 >f ^ -V ^ ^pj^ a<iv. How ; in what 
way : — devio yoroihii, any how will do ; — 
na koto nite mo, in any afifair whatever. 
Syn. DONO-TO. 

IzAZucHi ^ -fj*/^ '^ n. Thunder. 

Syn. KAMINARI, BAI. 

Iez ^ ^ In Yiilg. coll, is used often as an affix 
to adjectives to intensify their meaning, as 
ike-zwrni ; ike-bnto. 

Iks >f >* h£ d. a pond, artificial lake. 

Ike,-ru -f ^ a. ft, or i t.v. To keep alive ; 
to be alive: hava wo — , to put flowers in 
water so as to keep them alive ; takana tco — , 
to keep fish alive by putting them in a basket 
in the water ; ikete oku, to let live ; ikerishi 
toki, while he was alive. 

Xke,-bu -f ^ j*' S t.v. (coll.) To bury in the 
ground; to plant : gomi wo tsttchi ni — , to bury 
litter in the ground ; haahira wo — , to set up 
or plant a post ; haka ni — , to bury in the 
grave ; hi wo — , to cover fire with ashes. 
Syn. uzuMEBu. 

lKZ,-au >i ^J^ ^7 "^ (poten. of ttu, com. 
eoll. for yukeru) Can go: kono miehi wa 
ikeru Jka, is this road passable? konnichi 
Tokyd ye ikeru ka^ can you go to Tokyo to- 
day? 

iKz-Aiux >f ^ T 9 b n. Washing anything 
without injury to the color (by using kerosene 
oil). 

Ikebaka >f ^/^-h ^ t£ °- A flower kept alive 
by putting in the water. 

Ikxbi ^ ^ if n. Goals of fire kept alive by 
covering with ashes. 
Syn. nzuMiBi. 

IsEi>oBi,-BU >f >• 1? ^ 4;}j| t.v. To take 
alive; take prisoner: hito too — , to take a 
man prisoner ; ttliika wo — , to catch deer alive. 

Ie£7UZaxk.>bu 4 ir y ^ ^ A- i.v. (coll.) To 
play roughly or rudely ; to romp. 

Ikkoaki a ^if^ 4ii.n. A live hedge. 

Tkki a y 'i -R. ft (osore vyamau) — sunt, to 
fear and reverence. 

Ikei >f ^ -f ff ^ n. (med.) Gastrodynia. 

Ikeizai -f ^ -f ^A at J't If n- An offense 
n gainst police regulations.; a misdemeanor: 
— taibaushOj police court. 
Iermobi a ^ ^ *) ft JE n. A kind of food 

made of raw fish. 
lDt2f >f^v||.Aor^JLn. Counsel ; 
advice ; admonition ; reproof ; opinion : — wo 
MHTUn to counsel, admonish : — wo kuwaent, 
to g^ive one*8 opinion, or advice ; — wo mo- 
^hiizn^ not to follow advice; — gaki, a 
xrriiten opinion. 



Ikbm a yy' iSfi iiE n. Authority, influence, 
power. 
Syn. xsBx. 

Iken >f ^ i^ JS & n. Opinion ; judgment ; 
idea ; view : — wo noheru, to give one's 
opinion. * 

IxB-NAOABA A ^ 'f' if ^ adv. While keeping 
alive; while still living; so as not to kill; 
Bokaua wo — rydni, cutting off the flesh 
of a fish while still living and prepare it 
for eating. 

Ikekai a ir-^A Xy^ Vf ("eg- o' «*". to go) 
Cannot go; used in com. coll. in the Kensc of, 
of no use, bad, won't do, can't do : kouo fude 
wa — , this pen is bad, or of no u.se; — kara 
futete okurtf as it will not do, throw