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r -' 



ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



' I -. . 



ALABAMA'S OWN 
IN FRANCE 



BY 

WILLIAM H. AMERINE 



NEW YORK 

EATON & GETTINGER 






889649 






G>PYRIGHT, 1919, BY 

EATON & GETTINGER 



ttaimCD IK TBS UNITED STATES OF AlCEUCA 






9MC8tMjf 



TO THOSE BBAVB YET TENDER BEASTS, THE MOTHERS 
OP AMERICA, WHO EACH NIGHT KNELT IN PRAYER 
VOR THE 8APBTT AND SUCCESS OP THEIR SON$ OVER- 
SEAS, THIS BOOK IS APPEpnONATELY DEDICATED. 

THE AUTHOR. 



ft liroii. inr. 



fo «■ tflAT 



ni* !• U Mrtlff tte% VlUtai B. JMriM Is t«l««»v 
•4 ^ ttM IfTtk U. a. JMtmutrf m its UtWrlsn. 

«U •tti—n MA mlutsA ■•■ of tbm rcgUMnt viu 





leHh XMatry. 
MjBtaat. 



CARD OF THANKS 

The author takes occasion to thank those 
officers and enlisted men for notes on the 
subject matter they contributed. Without 
such, the book would have been impossible. 



> J 



SAFJXR 


CONTENTS 


Page 


L 


FORFWOiO) 


. . 1 


II. 


A Word to Mothess . • . . 


. . 15 


III. 


A "Mob-iuzation'' Camp . . . 


, . 22 


IV. 


The ''Fighting Foukth^' . . , 


. . 30 


V. 


Off to the Border ..... 


. . 35 


VI. 


Life at Nogales 


40 


VII. 


Home Again and New Orders . 


. . 47 


VIIL 


The New One Hundred and Sixty- 


V 


Seventh United States Infantry 51 


IX. 


At Camp Mills 


. . 55 


X. 


Across "The Pond** at Last . , 


. . 59 


XI. 


Europe and the Landing . . . 


. . 68 


XTI. 


The Stage and Its Setting . , 


. . 73 


XIII. 


Training Under the French. , 
{Memorable Hikes) 


. . 80 


XIV. 


Training Under the French. . 
(Officers^ Schools) 


. . 85 


XV. 


Into the Trenches . • . . 


. . 91 


XVI. 


Starting Something .... 


. . 96 


XVII. 


Second Trip to Lorraine . . . 


. . 102 


XVIII. 


The Champagne Defensive . . 


. . 108 


XIX. 


The "Croix Rouge*' Farm Fight 
(Chdteau-Thierry Drive) 


. 136 


XX. 


Crossing the Ourcq . . . , 
{Chdteau-Thierry Drive) 

vii 


. • 155 



viii CONTENTS 

CHAPm Pack 

XXI. More Training 164 

XXII. The St. Mihiel Drive ..... 170 

XXIII. The Cote de Chatillon . . ^ . 185 

{Argonne Drive) 

XXIV. On to the Meuse 201 

(Argonne Drive) 
XXV. Marching Through "Hunland" . 216 

{Peace at Last) 

XXVI. Life on the Rhine 225 

XXVII. Homeward Bound 246 

XXVIII. Back to the States 252 

Appendix A. Regimental Scrap Book . . . 269 

Appendix B. Citations and Awards, Deaths 

AND Wounds 325 

Appendix C. Complete Roster of the One 

Hundred and Sixty-Seventh 
Regiment 340 

Appendix D. Roster of Officers in Army of 

Occupation, Germany . . 406 

Appendix E. Officers Entitled to Wound 

Chevrons 408 

Appendix F. Members of 167th Infantry 

Who Made Supreme Sacri- 
fice in France During the 
Year 1918 410 



ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



CHAPTER I 

FOREWOKD 

'Who through faith subdued kingdoms, wroughi 

righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths 

of Hons," 

— Hebl 11:33. 

To tell something of the undaimted spirit, the cun- 
ning initiative and the splendid heroism of this Ala- 
bama regiment in the World War is my aim. I would 
be recreant to a trust implied when one of its gallant 
oflScers expressed a wish that I undertake the work if 
I did less than my best 

In defense of any shortcomings on my part I must 
make known to the reader the rather limited oppor- 
tunity I had for gathering notes needed for the writ- 
ing. Of course I realize the subject can not be fully 
covered in the space that I have been obliged through 
lack of time to give it 

It so happened that one day at Mayen, Germany, 
while his battalion was passing through the town. Ma- 
jor Dallas B. Smith, of Opelika, Alabama, afterward 
a lieutenant-colonel, said to me: "We would like for 
you to write a history of our regiment" 

1 



ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



At that time I was not with the ''Rainbow'' Division, 
of which the 167th Infantry was a part» having just 
opened a supply base at Mayen for the American Red 
Cross. United States troops in the Army of Occupa- 
tion were then marching toward the Rhine. 

Later, while I was attached to the 32nd Division 
at Sayn, the order came for me to join the 42nd Di- 
vision, or '^Rainbow," at Ahrweiler, a small place in 
the valley of the Ahr. The honor was finally mine — 
I was to serve with probably the then most famous 
and popular body of soldiery in the American Army I 
It is needless to say that I hurried to my new duties. 

Future and more competent writers are to search 
the cold archives of the War Department for a history 
of the great American fighting machine in Europe — 
I merely skim the surface of its achievements. What 
I do rdate is in part from the tongues of men who 
faced the enemy's guns all along the line in France 
and who helped to beat him back across the wide area 
he had devastated. 

While I have sought accuracy in many of the details, 
it is not, I think you will agree, so essential in such 
a collection of stories dealing with the non-technical 
side of war. A purely academic history would not 
suffice. Those who are near and dear to these men 
want something radically different. 

The object, therefore, is to repeat much of what I 
have heard and to write something of these officers 
and enlisted men who are so well known to thousands 
of my fellow-Alabamians. Only so much of official 
military history is given as is of the most direct con- 
nection. I quote some newspaper and magazine ar- 



FOREWORD 3 

tides which appeared either during the war or right 
after the cessation of hostilities. The reason for doing 
so is obvious. 

I am confident errors are to be found. For such I 
offer due apology, as there has been no desire to offend 
or to bestow unwarranted praise. At the end of the 
volume there appear copies of such official documents, 
rosters, citations, and the like, as I have been able to 
get copies of, and space will be found for the insertion 
of pen or pencil notes by those into whose hands the 
book may fall. Corrections are in order. 

Before we entered the war I knew many of these 
officers and enlisted men. The regiment was then the 
Fourth Infantry, Alabama National Guard, just re- 
turned from Mexican border duty at Nogales, Arizona. 
It was not mustered out at the time, but was later 
designated the 167th United States Infantry and or- 
dered to proceed to Camp Mills, Long Island, the 
nation having cast her lot with certain allied countries 
of Europe in the common war against Germany. 

Edwin L. James, a special correspondent of "The 
New York Times," in the columns of that paper of 
November 17, 1918, a few days after the armistice 
became effective, wrote as follows: 

"One may imagine that in a few days the Americans 
will be asking which of their divisions played the big- 
gest role in beating Germany. Far be it from me to 
undertake the onerous task of nominating our best 
division, but it may be set forth that one which France 
will long remember with the deepest love and respect 
is the 2nd. My personal notebook reflecting the story 
of operations in which the Americans have been en- 



4 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

gaged indicates the 2nd has done the most fighting of 
any of our divisions.'' 

He then follows with this very significant para* 
graph: 

''The Istf 42nd, and 26th Divisions, it may be 
stated, will not agree with this verdict In fairness to 
the 1st, it should be stated that it was first in the 
trenches, and in every battle has given a most excellent 
account of itself." 

All that is very good, and Mr. James was kind to 
list* the ^'Rainbow" as one of the three divisions not 
agreeing with his notebook's verdict — ^that very im- 
partial notebook — but in Europe the name ''Rainbow" 
always caused more favorable comment and more 
smiles of approval than that of any other American di- 
vision. There must have been a reason and — there was. 

As a matter of fact, the "Rainbow" was the first to 
take over a complete divisional sector of front line 
trenches, and held a sector longer than any other 
American division. 

One of its regiments, the 167tfa Infantry, had the 
distinction of having been in the face of the enemy 
longer than any other we sent to France. When or- 
dered to the Champagne front, June 18, 1918', the or- 
ganization had completed 1 10 days in the line without 
relief. Its fighting record during that memorable de- 
fensive and subsequent to it, right up to November 11, 
1918, when hostilities ceased, can not be written in 
full here. 

It is well to state, however, that in the Champagne, 
as a part of "The Iron Corps" of the French Army, it 
faced the finest troops of the German Army in greatly 



FOREWORD 5 

superior numbers; and that for its part in crushing 
the Hun offensive^ which started at midnight of July 
14, 1918, it shared liberally in the praises which the 
French High G)mniand was pleased to bestow upon 
a division of which it was a unit There the 84th In- 
fantry Brigade, Alabamians and lowans, held the two 
roads leading to Chalons. Had the Hun smashed 
through in this offensive, one of his mightiest, it would 
have been very difficult to have stopped the drive on 
Paris. 

To indicate something of the spirit of the Alaba- 
mians on that occasion, the story i$ told as follows: 

On the Champagne front, about eight o'clock the 
morning of July 15, Corporal James E. Hendricks, of 
Excel, Alabama; Private William P. Vaughn, of Opp; 
Private John E. Brodie, of Searight, and Private 
Harry Nichols, of Abbeville, all of the 167th's Ma- 
chine Gun Company, were operating ^ machine gun 
and the French were working with them at the piece. 

It was an advanced position, the '^Boches'* were 
coming in thick and fast, and finally the small group 
was surrounded. The French sergeant went to Cor- 
poral Hendricks and said: ^^AUez tout de suite I'* mean- 
ing for the men to run for their lives. **Pas allest" 
replied the plucky corporal, ^^AmMcains soldats pas 
allee/' by which Hendricks meant: "Do not go I Amer- 
ican soldiers do not run.'' The language was faulty, 
but it controlled the "Frogs," and the trench was held. 
One of the Alabamians said afterward: "Some Huns 
got into the place, but they didn't get out." 

After the battle Marshal Foch sent a telegram to 
General Gouraud reading in substance: 



6 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

''I congratulate jou and those of your army on the 
work you hare done. But for it I could not undertake 
the offensive I am now about to launch.'' That veiy 
day, July 18, 1918, the great strategist caused ibt 
world to leap with joy and expectanqr by his brilliant 
blow at the Chateau-Thierry salient. 

For gallant conduct in battle while in Gouraud's 
'Iron Corps" the men of the 167th were dubbed by 
the French "The Tigers." 

I pointed out the Foch message because, regardless 
of the brilliant work done by the regiment in the drive 
beyond Chateau-Thierry a few days later, there are 
.those who argue, and in all respects they are correct* 
that in the Champagne there really began the disin- 
tegration of the Htms' driving power, the realization 
of his growing weakness, and that then and there oc- 
curred the final failtu-e of his plans to take Paris. 

As to the Croix Rouge Farm fight in the Chateau- 
Thierry thrust, it is admitted that the place was the 
key to the crossing of the Ourcq, where, too, the Ger- 
mans made a determined stand; also the capture of 
^ergy and Fere-en-Tardenois and the progress toward 
Fismes all depended upon the taking of the stronghold 
there at the farm. That stronghold the Alabamians 
took! Then the knife of the American Anny went 
deep into the Hun's heart 

To the Chateau-Thierry onslaught the "Rainbow*' 
was rushed by rail and in camions; and following the 
engagement at the farm, the 167th immediately took 
up the pursuit of the enemy, which did not cease until 
it had fought nobly and had assisted in the decisive 



FOREWORD 7 

defeat of the Fourth Prussian Guards Dmsicnit the 
kaiser's owxl 

FrcMB February 21, 1918, excepting only a week's 
rest in the rear and time on the march, to August 4, 
1918, the rq^ent was constantly in combat In the 
Chateau-Thierry affair the enemy was sent reeling 
back about 19 kilometers, approximately 12 miles, and 
F^s surely saved— possibly the world — ^from the 
iron-shod heel of the Prussian military caste. There 
h is said the 84th Infantry Brigade made the lunge 
an entire dirision should hare undertaken. 

It must be mentioned that when the 84th Brigade 
went into that maelstrom it relieved the 26th Division 
and elements of the 28th at a time when the drive was 
at a standstill. The battle for the Croix Rouge Farm 
will be described in full herein. 

There the Alabamians went in without artillery 
preparation, the most trying of ordeals for infantry, 
and there it was that Major John W. Carroll, of 
Ozark, was heard to shout: ''Save your fire, men I 
WeTl give 'era hell with the bayonet" There, too, 
the gallant young Montgomerian, Captain Julien M. 
Strassburger, of the 167th's machine gun company, 
fell in a hellish hail of lead And all through that 
awful fighting the Alabamians i^ed their name atop 
the dizzy heights of fame. 

As to regiments Alabama, as wdl as each of the 
other states from which came these officers and men, 
has every reason to glory in the 167th's record. It put 
a brilliant gleam on our bayonets and emblazoned in 
letters of heroic deeds in the book of time the story of 
America's noble sons. It is probable that our country, 



8 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

in all her military history^ has never sent a better regi^ 
ment into battle. 

Certainly it was widely known across the waters, 
chiefly on account of its splendid esprit de corps and 
tested fighting qualities. Indeed the latter were often 
mentioned along with those of France's ''Blue Devils" 
and her 'Toreign Legion." 

All through England, France, and Italy, far down 
in the island of Sicily— even in Germany — I heard of 
''those Alabamians who put the fear of God into the 
hosts of the kaiser.** The very mention of the name, 
it seemed, shot terror through the ranks of the Huns. 
That was the talk all about, anyhow — I am writing 
what I heard from many lips. Where any other regi- 
ment was named once, the word Alabama was uttered 
a dozen times. 

As an idea of how the men of the 167th impressed 
the ''Boches,** and this story reached me through a 
soldier from Another state, it is related that a German 
prisoner boasted: **We fear none of the American 
divisions except the 'Rainbow,' the 42nd and the 
167th.** 

Now remembering that the "Rainbow** was the 
42nd, and knowing there was no 167th Division on 
the line, it seems dear the "Fritzies** thought the 167th 
an entire division instead of only a single r^ment 
It would appear, also, that the "Rainbow** was exceed* 
ingly well known across "No Man's Land.** 

More than once — yea, often, as I stood listening to 
tales of the struggle — some soldier from another state 
remarked: "Well, that 'kamerad* stuff didn*t go while 
the fellows from Alabama held the trenches.** One 



FOREWORD 9 

enlisted man from Michigan said: "Those Alabama 
guys were hell, believe me I'' In short> almost any- 
where one could hear similar declarations. The name 
Akdbama caused a veritable commotion nearly every 
time it was spoken. 

It was also true that an army or a Red Cross nurse, 
if hailing from the state, was promptly and endear- 
ingly dubbed ''Alabam.'' So it was in the case of an 
Alabamian who chanced to be serving in some other 
army unit 

There is a tale that a German officer wno had been 
taken prisoner paid the men of the 167th this compli- 
ment: 'They fight our machine guns with their bare 
fists. How can we hope to stand against them ?*' 

In Paris, in a well known little restaurant just off 
the Rue de Rivoli, close by the Place de la Concorde) 
I met an ex-member of tihe '-Foreign Legion." He 
was battle scarred and wore many decorations. That 
old veteran, partly in French and partly in English, as 
he drank a glass of wine, related to me his knowledge 
of our men and their deeds, and above them all he 
mentioned Colonel Screws' men. He told me France 
had learned to love the ''Alabamas." 

But, although the regiment left Montgomery a dis- 
tinctly Alabama organization, it had about 3,200 cas- 
ualties in France, something like half of them at Cha- 
teau-Thierry, so the replacements from other states 
were very numerous. Several hundred were from 
Alabama, however. • Consequently, as previously 
stated, the localities all over the country from which 
these officers and enlisted men came, share with us 
the great pride due in this gallant band's case. I heard 



10 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

of one original company of 250 men which suffered 
heavily and altogether had about 500 replacements 
during its career. 

During the Chateau-Thierry drive, when Colonel 
Screws reorganized the regiment after the heavy fight* 
ingf all but one of its field officers had been wounded, 
and there were two captains killed, together with some 
ten lieutenants. 

One day in December, 1918, in the little German 
town of Mayen, a youthful looking "doughboy'' put 
in his appearance at the Red Cross warehouse. "I am 
straggling a bit,'' he said, "am hungry and want a 
bit^ to eat" Was it the Alabama speech I heard? I 
questioned him. 

As he ate the food which I had caused to be pre- 
pared he thanked the Red Cross and began talking. 
He proved to be one of the 167th's immortals! He 
had left Montgomery the latter part of August, 1917, 
having sworn falsely to the age of eighteen in <M-der 
to enlist, he said, though at the time of our conversa* 
tion he declared he was not yet that old To Camp 
Mills with the regiment he went and served with it in 
all its battles. 

Just before he shouldered his rifle to depart he said : 
**1 knew I wouldn't be killed because my mother back 
in old Mobile prayed too hard for me." 

Then tears came to those boyish eyes which had not 
quivered before the raking machine gun fire of the 
Argonne. The last I saw of him he was trudging up 
the road to overts^e his compan/. 

They went into battle clothed in the simple armor 
of their mothers' prayers — ^American mothers, moth- 



FOREWORD 11 

ers of Akbama^ who had given up their sons to die» 
if need be, in the most glorions cause of all timet 

Maiiy did fall, but over those sacred little mounds 
in a foreign land — ^that fair republic from which war's 
UoodJaden breath has drifted — ^is wafted the whole- 
some atmosphere of sweet peace. It breathes life itself 
to the beautiful flowers so tenderly placed on those 
hero-graves by th6 hands of other mothers-— mothers 
whose sons, like those of the mothers of our land, sac- 
rificed themselves to let happiness and contentment; 
come again to a world bathed in sorrow and misery I 

So in the years to come the rainbow, God's own 
omen of brightness and sunshine, is to have an added 
meaning to the simple peasants of France, to the proud 
owners of those grand old chateaux, and to those in 
authority within the fortifications of Paris. It shall 
tell the poor, the rich, and the powerful alike that those 
of the 'HainboW Division lef t^ happy homes across 
the Atlantic to come and help drive the Hun back 
across the Rhine. American mothers have made the 
colors of that rainbow just a little brighter, just a bit 
more lasting, through the heroism and self-sacrifice 
of their boys! 

By some will of Providence the rainbow was visible 
to the 42nd Division as it entered every fight but one 
— that for the possession of the Cote de Qiatillon, a 
wooded hillside in the Argonne. There the Third 
Battalion of the 167th Infantry, under Major Ravee 
Norris, of Birmingham, with one company of the 
Second Battalion, for two days had tried to take it 
Then the Second Battalion complete, under Captain 
Ahner Flowers, of Ozark, was added, and the third 



12 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

day the rainbow, previously not visible, flashed across 
the heavens and the Alabainians stormed the position 
and captured it It was one of vital importance to the 
Germans. 

And, mothers, you should have seen your crusaders 
in Germany. Of all the troops I saw they were of the 
most veteran appearance — ^proud, erect, broad-shoul* 
dered, square-jawed fighters I 

A study of their eyes was enough to convince one 
that before him stood the men who had helped to upset 
and later to tear in pieces the most thoroughly organ- 
ized, best disciplined and most superbly and adequately 
equipped legions the world tcver saw — the forty-year 
German products. 

Your sons were ever alert, neat in their looks, pre- 
cise and snappy in their salutes, and knightly in their 
bearing. They were stem when duty demanded, but 
among themselves just playful, good-natured boys, all 
longing for home. 

As an officer of the Red Cross, a man who had 
served continuously with the division, said to me: 
J 'ToUow the 'RainbowV course and you have before 
you the history of the American Army's participation 
in the war." 

And right he was, for it was on the line and took 
part in all the battles our trbops fought — all of any con- 
sequence, anyhow. Too, it served gloriously with the 
French Army. It stopped the "Boche" in the Cham- 
pagne, kicked him back at Chateau-Thierry, where the 
monster first began to tumble toward a fall, and put 
the finishing touches on him in the Meuse-Argonne 
campaign. 



FOREWORD 13 

The salient points in this preface are well worth re» 
memberingy and they will be brought out in detail later, 
because they show what the division did at the most 
crucial times, its wonderful efficiency, terrible punch 
and marvelous power of endurance. Indeed it was 
often referred to as **The Pine Tree Division" because 
of no "'leaves" being granted it — ^in comparison with 
rests allowed other bodies of troops. It had none to 
speak of, but went on fighting, fighting, fighting to 
the end ! 

It was hinted, when it was first organized, that there 
would be no unity of purpose because of its organiza- 
tions being from so many different states. That idea, 
however silly it was, together with others — among 
them, that National Guard units could not be depended 
upon — ^has been torn to bits and scattered like so much 
chaff before the wind. Men from Iowa, Alabama, 
Ohio, and New York fought side by side like brothers. 
Usually, in battle formation the 167th (Alabama) held 
the center, with the 165th (New York) on its left, and 
the 168th (Iowa) on its right — a barrier representing 
the manhood and the intelligence of a free nation it 
was impossible for the best troops of Germany to pass. 
In such positions, too, the regiments kept their part of 
"The Watch on the Rhine." And only because they 
had earned them were they given such posts of honor ! 

Without the National Guard, and none can deny 
this truth, we could not have entered the war in 
strength before the spring of 1919 — ^indeed, could not 
have helped poor France in time I These officers and 
men, who so long endured (and kept on working) an 
unmerited howl against them, pitted themselves against 



14 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

the world's best trained soldiers and— planted the 
American flag in Germany 1 

That tiny spark of patriotisn»— and it was minute be* 
cause of the most unkind and smothering influences — 
grew into a flaming bonfire and could not be quenched. 
Its sparks carried light to dark spots in the hearts of 
millions across the ocean, so that today, to them, any- 
how, it appears as a flaming beacon of hope and a path- 
finder on danger trails. Yesterday it was a faithful, 
plodding, but derided thing; today it is just as true 
and just as toiling, and, by its own sheer strength, the 
mainstay of the nation— our own National Guard ! 

From beside the muddy waters of the Alabama, near 
which they received their first instruction in the cruel 
game of war, to the foothills of Arizona, through 
which the little Santa Cruz lazily creeps along ; home 
again to guard railroads for a while, then on to Camp 
Mills, Long Island, now as a real United States regi* 
ment; thence to France, via Mother England, over 
submarine-infested waters, and to European battles at 
Luneville, Baccarat, the Champagne, Chateau-Thierry 
and Saint Mihiel — until there in the Foret d'Argonne 
they helped to close the greatest war in the world's his- 
tory — ^traveled the officers and men of the old *Tight- 
ing Fourth'* over their path to eternal fame and the 
gratitude of two continents! Finally, in "Htmland" 
itself the long-needed rest came to those who had sur- 
vived They had helped a world back to freedom ! 

Just "tin" soldiers but — ^mighty avengers of wrongs 

done humanity ! Wivi^iA^ H. Amerine. 

Montgomery, Alabama, May, 1919. 



J 1 



K. ^ 



CHAPTER II 

A WOXD TO MOTHERS 

To each of you who lost sons in the recent world 
upheaval across the Atlantic, words of consolation, 
however directly appealing they may be, are immeas- 
urably lacking as a solace for )rour heavy grief — that 
grief which would have carried you down and down 
by its own cruel weight, even to the very depths of 
despair, had you not been a mother with a mother's 
fortitude. 

That boy, and regardless of his age or stature, he 
was always a boy to you, can never return to bring his 
portion of the happiness to the family fireside. He 
has made the supreme sacrifice for his God, his coun- 
try and his people. So far as a living being is con- 
cerned, he is gone, mother, and his place there by the 
cheery, glowing hearth can not be filled. The chair 
is vacant and its presence there only bums a deep sor- 
row into a mother's soul. 

You visit his bed-room and, with tear-dimmed eyes, 
you try to see him there, to ask in your own way if 
there is anything you can do for him. There is no 
reply — ^he does not answer in the familiar voice and 
in his accustomed words of endearment and apprecia- 
tion. The room is quite still. There are his books, 
his favorite pictures are on the wall, and there is his 

15 



16 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

own likeness just as you saw him last in his uniform, 
but they have no voice. 

During his early absence, before the telegraph mes- 
senger came bearing the terrible notice of his death in 
France, you were wont to dust and to carefully re- 
arrange his things, always planning month by month, 
week by week, day by day — ^yes, down to the very 
minute, for his return. Even now you look after his 
room, but he is gone the way of those who sacrificed 
themselves to let peace come again. He is dead, 
mother, but to you his memory will forever live ; and 
so you keep on with the daily work, your labor of 
love. 

You leave the room and all its sacred belongings 
— you are sobbing now, and you go out into the 
garden. The dog is out there— his dog "Don," and 
the faithful animal runs up to you, comes by leaps and 
bounds, wagging his tail in a happy greeting. You 
stroke his long, wavy hair, pat him on the head, and 
then you burst into tears again. Poor dumb thing! 
He does not understand it all, and continues to show 
his affection for you — ^just as he did for your boy. 
Oh, the pity of it all ! How you wish you could tell 
him all about his master! How you wish that each 
day and night "Don" might sit by your side, that you 
and he could talk about times passed so happily when 
all were at home ! 

It is more than you can bear, and you return to your 
own apartment, fall across the bed and soon drop off 
to sleep. In slumber, perhaps, there will be oblivion. 
Not that you want to forget — no, not that, but you 
aeed to rest. Your recent days have been trying ones 



A WORD TO MOTHERS 17 

for mind, soul and body, sleep is at hand» and yoa 
grasp a chance to recuperate. 

"Don" out there has gone under the kitchen and is 
eating away contentedly on a bone. The cat has just 
been around, but *'Doa*' ran the feline off with a 
growL You heard it just before repose stole upon 
youy and you understood *'Don'' just as you under- 
stood every sli^^t intonation in the boy's voice. 

I recall some verses I saw in 'The Literary Digest,** 
by Ella Wheeler Wilcox, I think, reading: 

*'The bravest battle that was ever fought. 
Shall I tell you where and whenr 
On the maps of the world, youll find it not ; 
Twas fou^^t by the mothers of men. 

''Nay, not with cannon or battle shot. 
With sword or nobler pen, 
Nay, not with eloquent word or thought. 
From the mouths of wonderful men. 

"But deep in the walled-up woman's heart, 
Of women that would not yield. 
But bravely, silently bore her part, 
Lo 1 there is the battle-field.^ 

Right after the armistice had stopped further fight- 
ing, as I lay asleep in a comfortable German bed across 
the Rhine, came to me a night of dreams. The owner 
of the place had just brought me a little honey to stop 
a cough I had, after which I became wrapped in 
slumber. 

The house in which I was billeted, near which flowed 
Rhinev^rd a babbling brook, was at the foot of a 
densely wooded hillside. High above on the top of the 



18 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

bill were the ruins of sotne great castle of the Middle 
Ages. Beneath was a beautiful chateau, located on 
the opposite side to me» and erected in late years and 
at great expense by a German Army officer who had 
married an heiress. About the buUding was an en- 
chanting ground, through which another small stream 
wended its way, laid off in replica of the park in rear 
of the Royal Castle at Versailles. 

That day I had visited the chateau and had dinner 
there with some American Army officers. Its salle-A- 
manger was used by the latter as their mess-hall, and 
they had their billets in several of its bed-chambers. I 
was told the old castle had been the property for cen- 
turies of the German officer's paternal ancestors. 

In the hallway, near the grand staircase, were forms 
of knights in coats of mail and astride inanimate 
horses, gaily caparisoned. From the walls were sus- 
pended various suits of armor, while handsome paint- 
ings of the officer's progenitors, odd looking men, all 
of them, besides a lot of rich tapestry and pieces of 
statuary, were the other mural decorations. 

I must confess that when I retired that night I was 
a fit subject for the most fanciful of hallucinations. 
One dream I recall in particular, since it was most im- 
pressive. I shall try to relate it briefly: 

Out of those dark forests came a mighty chorus of 
voices, swelling ever and anon ; first in foreign sounds 
—not only foreign, but of some distant age, and the 
chants* had a distinctly religious air. Quite vividly 
could I see the ancient crusaders on the march to re- 
gain the holy sepulchre, and a most unique sight it 
wias, of course. There were dense columns of knights, 



A WORD TO MOTHERS 19 

dad in annor, motinted and on the move. They lay 
Spread out before me on a vast green terrain. They, 
too» were singing, but soch songs as I had never heard 
before. 

Then the scene changed, and with it, as if controlled 
by a master director, the songs themselves. Now the 
latter were in English and familiar ^American church 
hymns. Instead of the knights in their glittering mail 
I beheld countless thousands of khaki-dad men, and 
far in advance I saw our own "Stars and Stripes." 
The modem crusaders were singing **Onward, Chris^ 
tian Soldiers!" 

And so your boy sang, mother, as he went joyously 
forth to battle in this century's war for right, and he 
fell with the words on his proud lips. What a glorious 
death was his as he flung defiance in its face ! 

It is impossible for me to interpret the dream other- 
vrise than to understand from it that the slain of the 
crusaders of old and of our own day are even now 
singing together in heaven. 

President Wilson in the course of a speech he made 
at Turin, Italy, on January 7, 1919, said: 

"The people of tiie United States were reluctant to 
take part in the war, not because they doubted the jus- 
tice of the cause, but because it was the tradition of 
the American Republic to play no part in the politics 
of other continents; but as the struggle grew from 
stage to stage they were more and more moved by the 
conviction that it was not a European struggle, but a 
struggle for the freedom of the world and the liber- 
ation of humanity, and, with that conviction, it was 
impossible that they should withhold their hands." 



u 



20 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

And so your boy fought and died for ''the freedom 
of the world and the liberation of humanity/' and 
''God's will be done f '' A bright star has been added 
to the firmament and he is in heaven with the other 
crusaders of all time. That was my dream across the 
Rhine, fond mother, and I hope yours was of a like 
kind. 

And your boy, mother, who has come back to you: 
what a priceless offspring f How proud you are of him 
and what a man the war has made of him! How civil- 
ization prizes what he and others like him accom- 
plished! 

In truth, they have remodeled the world-^made it 
a fit place to live in !'' To the generations to come 
their names will be a rich heritage, their deeds a glori- 
ous chapter in the world's history ! Marshal Ney, that 
old soldier of France, "the bravest of the brave," w^s 
no more courageous, and under Lee or Grant there 
were no better infantrymen. The annals of all other 
times reveal no obstacles of the kind they had to sur- 
mount. 

These boys — for such most of them were— darted 
like lightning out of a blue sky, from their trenches, 
from the shallow fox-holes of the battlefield, out into 
the open of "No Man's •Land," and drove the mighty 
legions of Germany before them. They pitted them- 
selves against the "Boche" hordes, and, trusting to 
God and to the right of things, they smashed dhe ruth- 
less Hun all along the line. The stolid and fat Ger- 
man, brought up under an iron discipline and working 
by set rules, was no match for these lads from the 
land of freedom. 



A WORD TO MOTHERS 21 

Words fail to describe the war— our language is in- 
adequate. Only those know who have witnessed its 
vast field of horror, and most of them are too modest 
to even try to tell of it. I have had to extract from 
them this story, piece by piece. But, I tell you, reader, 
that I take my hat off to the plain old "'doughboy,'' the 
foot-soldier, that indefatigable genius who wins battles 
— that boy who left your care only a short while ago, 
and who has placed the family, name a few rungs 
higher up on the nation's ladder of fame ! 

For let us always remember him who time after 
time, for days and weeks even, lived in the ground like 
a gopher, where the trenches were deep in mud and 
where the marrow-searching cold made one crave even 
death; where the rats and the '"cooties," the whining 
shells, the whizz of rifle and machine gun bullets and 
the lurking aeroplanes overhead made life a miserable 
portion. 

No, let us not forget him who, after many trying 
days and hellish nights in a trench sector, over which 
waves of poisonous gas fumes were sent rolling, 
moved to the battle-front while loaded down like a 
pack-mule and without a sufficiency of food, there to 
meet a hail of lead from enemy machine gun nests and 
to face the terrible, awe-inspiring artillery barrage. 

The American "doughboy," the peer of them all ! 




CHAPTER III 



A "mob-iuzation'' camp 



"At Coblenz, New Year's night did it — tore the lid , 
right off the social season of the American Army of 
Occupation and flung it into the Rhine."' Such was 
the way the official army paper, "'The Stars and 
Stripes," of Paris, put the 1919 "stunt," anyhow. 

Not so, however, out there in the Ahr Valley, at 
Sinzig, Westum» and Lohndorf, in which towns the 
167th United States Infantry was billeted. Sinzig is 
a small town; the other two places are villages. The 
city of Coblenz has 60,000 inhabitants and places en- 
tirely fit for social functions, including such ultra- 
elite affairs as 'Uhis dansanis** Too, in G>blenz there 
were ^^beaucoup** Army and Red Cross nurses for the 
many officers to dance with, but in the smaller places 
mentioned the situation was entirely different Coblenz 
was Third Army headquarters, while Sinzig had such 
a distinction for the regiment from Alabama. It wais 
Colonel William Preston Screws' headquarters. **Cest 
la guerre^ 

I do not know what the Colonel and his officers did 
that night From personal knowledge I can say he 
lived in a fine old chateau. However, I do not believe 
they had a dance. They probably played billiards or 
did something else equally as gay. 

22 



9f 



A •'MOB-ILIZATION'' CAMP 23 

It is certain the men themselves, the good old 
'Moughboys,'" did not shuffle their hobnail shoes. 
Fraternization with the Germans was prohibited by 
an army order. No matter how much a man wanted 
to chat with a "frandein,*' he simply could not afford 
to take the risk of a trial for disobedience of orders. 
Otherwise there would have been an enlisted men's 
dance "tout de suite.** It would have been a sight to 
have seen those simple German maids trying out *'The 
Tango/' 'The Fox Trot/' or **The Bunny Hug, 
Probably the men would have had a lot of fun "aussi. 

But the war was over and the men were happy — 
even in ''Hunland'M They had gotten safely by all 
that barbed wire and other rubbish in France^ so what 
<iid they care— that is, most of them? They had music 
^-of the sort made by some of them on "M. Hohner" 
harps, the kind they bought as kids back in the States 
in the good old days. I did not see any of the instru- 
ments marked ''WUson," "Poincar^" *Toch," or 
'Tershing." Shop windows held a lot of them bearing 
the brand ''Hindenburg/' 

It was just such music I heard when I approached 
the door to a small dwelling in which were quartered 
two of Alabama's sons. One had invested a few 
''marks" in a harp and was playing familiar ragtime 
tunes. The other was the audience. The music ceased 
about that time and I heard a ''square head" in the 
next room say something which sounded like 'Was 
haben sie su essenf" That made the good housewife 
get the old man's grub. Outside a number of camions 
rumbled by and occasionally a soldier on a motor- 
cycle, the engine throbbing violently, whizzed down 



24 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

the road Just a few hundred yards away the beau- 
tiful Rhine flowed onward to the sea. 

We had been chatting away for several minutes 
about first one thing and then another. The little stove 
was keeping us quite warm and it was not a very diffi- 
cult matter to imagine ourselves back in Montgomery. 
Some day, anyhow, we hoped to return. 

Finally, one of the Chkteau-Thierry veterans ven- 
tured to ask if I thought Preiss's Monroe Street beer 
place would ever be open again for business. He ex- 
plained that it bad been one of his hangouts on trips 
he had made to Montgomery, and then remarked: '^Be- 
fore I ever began this tour of Europe, which I may 
add has been on foot, I had often heard of the fine 
beer to be sipped in Germany, but let me say that the 
draught article we got at Preiss's was the best ever." 

Later one of the men asked the other: ''Do you 
remember that camp back in Montgomery in 1916 
before we went to Nogales? A 'mob-ilization' camp, 
I think they called if' 

"Yes," replied the second, '*but why do you mention 
that old mud-hole of a camp ? Talk about nice things 
— ^mother's biscuits, going home, or something like 
that'' 

"Well," continued the reminiscent one, "that was 
some place, take it from me I The life there was good 
training, too, for some of the trials we were after- 
wards to encounter in "Sunny France." I think one 
pair of my shoes still holds a little mud to remind me 
of my experience in the Argonne. 

"You fellows of the old 'Fighting Fourth' hadn't 
been 'mob-ilized' two weeks when the feverish desire 



A "MOB-ILIZATION'' CAMP 25 

me to die like a hero, so I put out for the camp, 
paying my own railroad fare in order to get there 
quickly and enlist 

**1 quit a good job, too, but my boss said that when 
I returned from Mexico I could have it back. I 
haven't returned to date, nearly three years since the 
departure — say, I wonder if some girl has made good 
in that place?" 

The other laughed heartily and demanded: "What 
do you care now? You don't know anything except 
how to throw hand grenades at *]trTy* and to dive into 
shell-holes. You can't make a living at that back in 
the States. After Uncle Sam' gets through with you 
you might hire out to the Bolshevists or some of these 
other foreigners who haven't anything to do except 
fight" 

*T11 bet you one thing," replied the first, "the next 
time there is a war I'll be in 'B' Company — I'll be 
there when they leave and I'll be there when they 
return. That's the sort of a company 111 be in." 

"Another thing," the second interjected, "when you 
came down to that Montgomery camp you were wear- 
ing sporty low-quartered shoes. They socm wore out 
and your feet gave you a lot of trouble. Didn't you 
know better?" 

'^ou see," said the first soldier, sadly, "it was like 
this: I read a huge army recruiting poster saying *Join 
the Army I See the world I Good pay, good clothes, 
and plenty of substantial food.' Naturally I thought 
they would issue me army shoes right after I enlisted." 

The second, an "oldhead" in things military, then 
nearly split his sides laughing. "You poor idiot," he 



26 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

said, ''you didn't join the army-— only the National 
Guard/' That dosed the conversation. 

It all came about by the President of the United 
States ''calling out" almost the entire National Guard 
of the country to assist the Regulars in preventing 
raids by Mexicans across the Texas, New Mexico, and 
Arizona border lines. 

For several years the standing army of the nation, 
also the Texas Rangers, cowboys, ranchmen, train 
crews and passengers had been having "the devil's own 
time" with the wily incursionists who were apparently 
quite as slippery as their greasy name indicated. Some 
additional force was needed, so the Guard got a "call.'* 

It was rather a mixed lot — ^those old Guardsmen 
and the civilian recruits who later joined the Fourth 
Infantry at the mobilization camp. The citizen sol- 
diery had been in skeleton formation for several years, 
notwithstanding every effort on its part to build up. 
It had long since abandoned the foolishness of other 
days, realizing that to gain efficiency meant much hard 
work and persistent study on the p^ of its <^cers 
and men. 

Due to the extreme severity of the physical examina- 
tions held by the army surgeons the regiment, after 
its muster-in, lost several valuable officers and a great 
many well-trained men. For that reason, and on ac- 
count of its low strength when "called out," the civ- 
ilian recruits became a necessity. 

The latter, as in the case of the old men, came from 
the farms, the stores, the offices, the factories, the 
street comers and the pool-rooms ; indeed, from where 
not? Among them were college graduates, young men 



A "MOB-ILIZATION" CAMP 27 

with degrees such as CE., E.E.» M.E.» B.S., and so on. 
The Guard, even in the ranks, had thousands of quali- 
fied men of various professions and trades. So there 
all these men were, not seeking shoulder straps — ^just 
waiting to sign enlistment papers. Hundreds paid 
their own railroad fares to Montgomery. Large num- 
bers of the men were from the best families in the 
state. 

The rejections caused the Guard officers to train 
thousands of green men, entailing much delay and 
causing great confusion. It was a case of trying to 
do a very big job in a most limited time, and under 
exceedingly trying circumstances, yet they actually 
accomplished th^ task in a most satisfactory way. The 
manner in which they did so was truly wonderful. 

But the real cause of the slow movement of the 
Guard to the border, especially the Alabama units, 
was the continued shortage of almost every item in the 
make-up of an army. Such things, it had been pre- 
sumed, were on hand with army quartermasters and 
other property officers of the government 

There were no marching shoes ready for issuance, 
a big shortage of uniforms, clothing and blankets, ex- 
isted, and the arms and accoutrements were insufficient 
in quantity and lacking in quality. Exceedingly few 
cots were available. Shoes finally began to arrive, 
but in limited lots, largely of cheap material and crude 
manufacture, and more suitable for the negroes on 
Southern farms. 

For weeks the citizens of Montgomery and other 
proud Alabamians who visited the camp witnessed 
ludicrous happenings, for young men were seen drill- 



28 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

ing as soldiers and wearing straw hats» low-quartered 
shoes, negligee shirts, and other civilian toggery. The 
light shoes, of course, were soon worn out 

The rainy season, almost "forty days and forty 
nights'' of it, came down on the willing little army of 
patriots at Vandiver Park, in the northern part of the 
city, and played havoc. The men, who had, for the 
most part, been sleeping on bed-sacks on the bare 
ground, now began to pass the most miserable nights. 
Much sickness, developed as a consequence. It was, 
indeed, as the CMteau^Thierry man said, a "mob-iliza- 
tion" camp. 

The Guard had done its part — all it could at the 
time— and elsewhere there had been a fall-down. 

(From "The Stars and Stripes" — Paris.) 

HOMESICKNESS 

Gotta be a soldier. Gotta stick t' biz — 
Gotta keep on marchin' while th' marchin' is ; 
Gotta keep salutin' ; 

Gotta keep in- trim ; 
Bugle keeps on tootin', 

Home looks m^hty dim. 
Gotta keep on stitchin', 

Gotta foUer like a lamb- 
But, boy, my feet am itchin' 

Fer th' feel of Alabam'. 

Gotta answer reveille. Gotta stand retreat ; 
Gotta be K. P. sometimes-— sddiers has t' eat; 
Gotta keep a-workin' 

Jes like there was war; 
Ain't no time fer shirkin' 
Lots o' jobs in store ; 



A "MOB-IUZATION" CAMP 29 

Ain't no time f er switchin' 

Er lettin' things go slam — 
But boy, my feet am itchin' 

Fer th' fed of Alabam'. 

Mammy writes she's ''waitin' with a possom pie/' 
My d<^;gone mouth keeps waterin' till my throat is dry. 
"Watermelon's handy — 
Sugar cake am hot — 
Entlosin' love from Mandy — ^ 

An' yet a feller's ^t 
T* sweat here in a kitchen-*- 

It's all fer Unde Sam, 
But, boy, my feet's sure itchin' 
Fer th' fed of Alabam'. 

Sometimes, my lips get twitchin' — 

Baby, that 1 am — 
But, boy, my feet's done itchin' 

Fer th' fed qf Alabam*. 

— ^E. RuTHEKFDRD, Jr., 0)rp., Tours. 



CHAPTER IV 



THE ''fighting FOURTH^** 



So the latter part of June, 1916, the Fourth In- 
fantry, Alabama National Guard, organized in May, 
1911, entered the mobilization camp at Vandiver Park, 
Montgomery, Ala., and was mustered into the service 
of the United States* It had answered President Wil- 
son's call of June 18 for Mexican border duty. 
Colonel William Preston Screws, who later com- 
manded the regiment in the World War, was the mus- 
tering officer for the government At the time he was 
a captain of infantry in the Regular Army. 

The regiment then consisted of units as follows: 
Headquarters Company, Montgomery; Supply Com- 
pany, Montgomery; Machine Gun Company, Mont- 
gomery; Sanitary Detachment, Birmingham; Com- 
pany "A," Montgomery; Company "B," Abbeville; 
Company "C," Pell City; Company "D," Bessemer; 
Company *'E," Decatur; Company 'T,*' Gadsden; 
Company *'G," Ozark; Company "H,'' Alexander 
City ; Company *%** Opelika ; Company "K,** Birming- 
ham; Company "L," Alabama City; Company "M/* 
Oxford. 

Very few of the companies were up to the required 
peace strength of 3 officers and 65 enlisted men each. 
Too, as previously Stated, immediate losses were sus- 
tained on account of the physical examinations and 

30 



I 



( 









THE 'TIGHTING FOURTH" 31 

for other reasons. Rapid recruiting soon brought the 
various units up to the needed strength, and a band 
was organized and trained. 

In explanation of the name, "The Fighting Fourth/* 
it should be stated that there was such a regiment from 
Alabama in the Confederate States Army during the 
Civil War, which organization did thef most effective 
service and won undying fame. And so the new regi- 
ment was dubbed "The Fighting Fourth." Too, many 
of the paternal ancestors of the officers and men of the 
new command had served in the old. 

About the time the Fourth was accepted by the gov- 
ernment other units of the Alabama National Guard 
were mustered in, and the training for a possible war 
with Mexico began. Patriotism ran* high in Alabama 
and elsewhere throughout the United States. After 
some years of a "watchful waiting^' policy, it looked 
like President Wilson meant to strike back. The 
'Tighting Fourth" was eager for action. It began 
at once to sharpen its battle-axe. 

Daily "setting-up" exercises, drills and parades 
started and there were frequent long 'Tiikes" made 
through the surrounding country. Battalions went for 
practice on the rifle range and each company com- 
mander vied with the others to make his unit the best 
The enlisted, men themselves were no less enthusiastic 

Even then, in the early days of its training, the 
"Fighting Fourth'' gave evidence of much future effi- 
ciency. The officers and men, who had spent much 
of their time and money during the years the regiment 
had been in existence trying to make themselves fit 
for war, all thought their chance had come at last. 



32 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

At the aftemcx>n parades held in the camp there 
were always present many visitors, when the weather 
permitted, during the first few weeks of ttie training. 
After the supplies began to arrive the regiment put on 
a better front ; and, as there had been much progress 
of a military nature, people were heard to make favor- 
able comment 

It was related that some general of the army had 
said: 'It would be worse than murder to send these 
troops (referring to the National Guard of the coun- 
try) against the experienced Mexican soldiers.'' The 
people of Alabama did not think so— the country did 
not. Even then the Guardsmen contended the organ- 
ization would, if properly equipped, upset the opinions 
voiced by so many army, experts. 

A large number of the most prominent men in the 
United States were officers in the Guard, and it had 
hundreds of officers who were eminently fitted to com- 
mand troops — they showed that later across the At- 
lantic. But they had a prejudice, however wrong, to 
contend with and they knew all the ins and outs of it 

So the "Fighting Fourth" battled up hill right at the 
beginning of its life, went up against all sorts of propo- 
sitions, but never a minute did it stop, never did it give 
in, and day by day the people themselves saw the splen- 
did results of the instruction given by those Guard 
officers. 

The camp's sanitary conditions and its appearance 
otherwise improved day by day. The place soon be- 
came one of model neatness. There were present units 
against which no marks had been recorded. Inspectors 
came and inspectors went, but with but few exceptions 



THE "FIGHTING FOURTH" 33 

they could make no adverse reports of any conse- 
quence. Most of the faultfinding was due to shortage 
of equipment or improper materiel, which was not 
attributable to ignorance or neglect on the part of the 
Guard. Ladies frequently commented on the neatness 
of the camp, on the excellent discipline there, and were 
greatly pleased with the food served and its prepara- 
tion. The Guard could learn rapidly because it had 
the intelligence, rank and file. 

Young men who had never roasted a peanut in their 
lives learned to cook and prepare the most tempting 
meals. Others who at home had never soiled their 
hands in dish water kept the company cooking* utensils 
bright and clean. And they did not blush at their 
work! The most intense satisfaction they had was 
when the captain said 'Well done !" Numbers of these 
splendid fellows later on, in the great World War, be- 
came commissioned officers and fought and died in 
France. 

Reviews were held in the city and thousands of 
loyal citizens lined the streets to see the 'Tighting 
Fourth" march by, and they yelled themselves hoarse ! 
Balls and dances were given, and Montgomery pre- 
sented a martial appearance. Dapper looking officers 
strolled here and there with the South's most beautiful 
girls. It recalled Civil War days to the old timers, 
but with the absence of the grey uniforms. The offi- 
cers and men were now well "set up" and presented a 
most^military aspect There. was the bloom of rugged 
health in their cheeks, they bore themselves well, and 
there was a certain snap in their movements. 

Out on the rifle range, in the rear of the beautiful 



34 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Oakwood Cemetery, officers and men were daily shoot- 
ing like the squirrel riflemen of old. Excellent scores 
were made even with bad ammunition. The men rap- 
idly qualified as "expert riflemen," "sharpshooters," 
and "marksmen." Officers also acquired a deadly use 
of the pistol. It looked bad for the "Greasers," and 
had war come — well, God pity the poor devils who 
should face those Springfields! 



ir DALLAS B. SMITH 



c 



I 

f 



f 

I 



f ■> 



CHAPTER V 

OFF TO THE BORDER 

"I wanta go ter Arizona ! I wanta get er 'Greaser' ! ! 
I wanta go and I wanta go n-n-n-o-o-o-w-w-w 1 1 1" re- 
sounded all over the regimental area of the ''Fighting 
Fourth" at the Montgomery mobilization camp. 
Bloodthirsty devils I What was the matter over there ? 

Nothing, of course, except the innate wanderlust of 
the average American soldier, the craving for a new 
place to go; and, in this case that state of being "fed 
up" on a lot of drill, hiking and parade. 

The life there in the camp had grown irksome. The 
men were tired of seeing the same old race track, the 
same old grand-stand, the same old grounds at Van- 
diver Park, The city itself no longer appealed to 
them. A rumor had been the rounds that the regiment 
would soon leave for Arizona, and the officers and 
men were impatient to go. 

It mattered not where — whether to Bisbee, Yuma, 
Tucson, or Nogales — ^and so the men kept up the howl. 
They had been in that one place four months; they 
had seen the rainy season come and go, had watched 
the summer slip by, and now there was a distinct chill 
in the atmosphere. They wanted some other kind of 
weather, wanted a new thrill and — ^they got it I 

"Orders** had been in the air for several days. The 

35 



36 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

old camp was filled with all sorts.of rumors. Some of 
them appeared to be reasonable, yet doubt lingered in 
the minds of many. The situation was tense because 
of the uncertainty of things. There had been sus- 
picious movements of sleeping cars» passenger coaches, 
flat and box cars, and cars for animals, all of which 
information leaked in through a railroad yard switch- 
man. 

The raiding along the Mexican border had died 
downr— thousands of National Guardsmen, including 
some of the "crack" outfits, had been down there for 
some time— and there were no more Columbus, New 
Mexico, affairs headlined in the newspapers. 

Many people did not believe the Guard organiza- 
tions at that time in the various State camps would be 
used in the Southwest. In fact, a number of regiments 
from other states, having scared the would-be in- 
truders off, had been returned from the international 
boundary. Villa had betaken himself high up some- 
where in the mountainous area of his native land. It 
would never do to send the "militia" after hinu The 
Regulars went and — slater returned without having 
captured the bandit leader. According to recent ac- 
counts he is "still doing business at the same old 
stand." 

Such was the state of affairs the latter part of Octo- 
ber, 1916, causing the officers and men of the old 
Fourth much uncertainty. They began to argue that 
if no need existed for their services, the government 
ought to let them return to their positions in civil life. 
Howeverji there came from the regiment's quarters, 
ever and anon, the old cry "I wanta get er *Greaser' I 



OFF TO THE BORDER 37 

I wanta get him n-n-nH3-o-o-w-w-w ! I" That seemed to 
be the idea, anyhow. And those men — ^hard as nails 
by that time — meant all of it 

Even a certain class of civilians, due to reports so 
often made as to "the faulty system" in the National 
Guard, began to "kid" the organizations not up to that 
time sent to the border. It was laughable for the rea- 
son that numbers of the outfits were equal to siqiilar 
units of the Regular Army. 

Then the day came when real orders flew about 
thick and fast— the Fourth had gotten instructions to 
entrain, and its officers and men were happy. The 
trains were shoved in, one by one, on the long siding 
at Vandivcr Park and the loading started. One never 
saw men work faster or more energetically. They 
were billed for Nogales and meant to get there. 

Stevedores of long years of experience and great 
jJiysical strength had nothing on tiiose "doughboys." 
Midgets in the regiment were seen carrying boxes an 
ox might balk at, while the larger men heaved very 
weighty objects about like a crane. Box and flat cars 
were loaded prompdy and there was no lost motion 
anywhere. 

Hundreds of people from tiie city and many from 
over the state were present to see the r^ment off. 
There was no lack of faith on their part. They knew 
what might be expected of it in action. Wives fondly 
embraced their husbands, while off in places here and 
there many a kiss passed "unseen and unheard" be- 
tween two lovers. There were no censorship regula- 
tions, so the public knew when the trains would depart 
and over which routes they would pass. The country 



38 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

was not full of Mexican spies ready to blow up rail- 
road trestles. It was a great day and the 'Tighting 
Fourth" left amid a shower of cheers. 

All along the route, at the larger places, great en- 
thusiasm on the part of the residents was visible, for 
they had learned of the time the trains should pass 
and were there at the station to bid the soldiers God- 
speed and future success in the profession of arms. At 
this time sporadic outbreaks were taking pla(% on the 
border, though they were not of a very serious nature* 
The 'Vatchful waiting" policy might cease any day. 
Who knew ? 

Onward the trains went (they did not speed), soon 
leaving Alabama's cotton fields and reaching those of 
Mississippi; now through the sugar cane plantations 
of Louisiana, and over the wide Texas prairies— ever 
toward Arizona, the land where something might 
start. If it didn't start, the men of the Fourth mi^^t 
themselves start something. At any rate they were 
on their way — that was the big idea. 

All through* the trains was heard the old cry: 
"I wanta get er 'Greaser' I I wanta get 'im 
n-n-n-o-o-o-w-w-w ! !" Now New Mexico was under 
the wheels of their cars and the train skirted the burn- 
ing sands of the big desert, except that at this time of 
the year the sands were not very hot Winter was near 
in that section — at night, anyhow, as the Alabamians 
soon learned. They were nearing their destination, 
and off in the distance could be seen the mountains of 
Mexico. They were indeed already in the land of the 
wide sombrero, and as they traveled along saw many 
murderous looking Mexicans at work on the railroads. 



OFF TO THE BORDER 39 

Finally they began to roll through the valleys and 
along the mountain sides in Arizona, passing across 
keg trestles spanning gaps over deep canyons. Tucson 
was soon reached, a pretty little city, above which, 
pointing sksrward, were snow-capped peaks, and a 
short time thereafter the Fourth was planted, "bag and 
baggage," right in the border town of Nogales. De- 
training work began at once. Alabama was over 
2,000 milbs away. 



CHAPTER VI 



LIFE AT NOGALES 



The regiment left Montgomery October 22, 1916, 
and arrived at Nogales October 28. Just outside of 
the Arizona town, on the highway leading to Tucson, 
there are several big hills, and it was astride such an 
earth contour that the 'Tighting Fourth" began its 
camp pitching. There were deep ravines, too, and at 
first glimpse the place looked bad for quarters. From 
there the troops looked right into Mexico and could 
hear the Mexican soldiers' bugles. 

It was soon found, however, that other infantry out- 
fits had been there, the latter leaving substantial mess- 
halls and kitchens as well as places leveled off for the 
tents and the company streets. Luckily, too, for the 
Alabamians, the first-comers had dug up all the cactus 
plants. It was a labor they had performed during 
the intense heat of the past summer, for \diich the 
late arrivals thanked them from the bottom of their 
hearts. 

"Gosh I This is some border, ain't it. Bill?'* re- 
marked a man to another in one of the big pyramidal 
tents that night "And, I'll swear I can almost taste 
chUi con carne and hot tamales/' he concluded. 

"Yep, all those hills and mountains look like a pretty 
good border, but I certainly would like something hot 
about now. This ain't no steam-heated apartment 

40 



UFE AT NCXiALES 41 

house. Today when we were settmg up those tents 
it was really hot Since then I have been getting 
colder every hour. You don't suppose I am catching 
the Mexican chills and fever, do you ?" After that the 
second speaker crawled out of his cot, put more wood 
in the Sibley stove, then tried again to find sleep. 

The first asked him rather sullenly: **What do you 
take me for — a doctor?" About that time the latter 
himself began to shiver and complain. The velocity 
of the wind was increasing, and as the tent had no 
wooden floor or walls the interior was just like the 
open prairie. Later, however, both men fell asleep to 
pass their first night in the new home they had been 
craving for so many weeks. 

Toward morning one of them, with a yell like a 
Comanche, jumped from his cot. In so doing the sol- 
dier awoke his tent mate. '*What the h — U's the mat- 
ter with you?*' the second growled, "I thought those. 

d 'Greasers' had swarmed down on our camp." A 

search revealed the presence of a centipede nestling 
there in the blankets. Fortunately no harm had been 
done. Sentence was soon passed and the varmint 
killed. 'It is bad enough to be obliged to stay in this 
tent with you," the soldier said to the other, "without 
having hundred-legged pests in here." Once more the 
tent was quiet and the two warriors-to-be asleep, but 
reveille soon aroused them. 

For Ihe next two or three days the men in camp 
were kept busy at various tasks connected with putting 
it in order. "Rome was not built in a day," and no 
drills were possible until the regiment had become set- 
tled. But, when the job had been completed the Fourth 



42 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

found itself comfortably fixed in most respects. The 
Alabamians, in small groups, were now allowed to 
visit the town. 

Nogales is a small place — ^that is, both Nogales, Ari- 
ona, U. S. A., and Nogales, State of Sonora, Mexico, 
for both make up an American-Mexican town astride 
the border line and situated in a wide canyon in the 
low-lying foothills. 

Along the dividing line, a street, on one side there 
were American sentries; on the other, those of the 
Mexican troops. The latter were dressed in every con- 
ceivable kind of a uniform, and often could be seen 
lying fast asleep in their sentry boxes. During the 
day-light hours many of them came across the line 
and worked on roads which were being constructed by 
our army engineers in and near the town. 
ii» The daily ''grind" soon began in the life of the 
Fourth. Drills and other formations took up a large 
part of each day. Long "hikes'' were made, one to 
Tucson and return being the most memorable, a dis- 
tance of about 125 miles. The regiment left "Gunp 
Stephen Little" at Nogales November 21, hiked 18>^ 
miles witb»full packs the first day, and arrived at Tuc- 
son November 24. The next day it was reviewed by 
the brigade and regimental commanders. November 
26 it started out on the return, reaching Nogales No- 
vember 29, after having participated en route in a 
war problem with the Second Alabama Infantry. The 
nights spent in the little "dog" tents while on the march 
were bitterly cold, and frequently packs of coyotes 
came by the temporary camps yelping like a lot of 
dogs. 



LIFE AT NOGALES 43 

The battalions and the machine gun company were 
often out at practice on the rifle range to perfect the 
regiment's marksmanship. Instruction was held in 
trench construction, and there were numerous maneu- 
vers in which the Fourth participated. The "setting- 
up" exercises, bayonet drills and other forms of train- 
ing taken up. 

The Third Battalion, while at Nogales, built a sys- 
tem of trenches for an entire regiment, the first task of 
its kind undertaken by a modem infantry organiza- 
tion in the United States. It was patterned after 
European models. 

Outpost and patrol duties were studied and daily put 
in practice, for the town was theoretically — in fact at 
times actually — preparing for an attack. Occasional 
shots were fired back and forth across the boundary 
line, but no particular harm was done. The men, how- 
ever, did not grumble at all the hard work and ex- 
posure. They were in a new country with a prospect 
of seeing actual service and so they were happy. Too, 
they were becoming better soldiers and men every day. 
The life agreed with them and substantial individual 
gains in weight were common. Whenever the regi- 
ment appeared on parade it made a most excellent 
showing. 

Finally, and they had a right to complain, as will 
be seen, the weather became bitterly cold. At reveille 
hour each day the thermometer registered ten to fifteen 
degrees above zero. Then during the day, chiefly 
before the noon hour, the mercury would climb, rang- 
ing around seventy degrees, while during the late after- 
noon and at night it made a rapid descent Toward 



44 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

the early hours of morning zero was reached. To 
such a changing climate they had never been accos- 
tomed. 

It would not have been so bad but the pjrramidal 
tents, while equipped with stoves, were not at that 
time walled or floored with wood as a protection 
against the icy blizzards. The Regulars near by, how- 
ever, were comfortably housed in small wooden huts. 
To make matters worse, before the lumber arrived in 
the dead of winter, many cases of pneumonia devel- 
oped among the National Guardsmen at Nogaks. 
Deaths occurred daily, and at times as many as four 
bodies were escorted to the little railroad station in a 
single procession, all to be shipped back to Alabama. 

Two troops of the Tenth United States Cavalry 
(negroes), sent. back from Mexico where they had 
served under Brigadier-General John J. Pershing, later 
commander-in-chief of the American Expeditionary 
Forces in France, reached Nogales and, according to 
other troops present at the time, at once started trouble. 
Some of the black men, while in Mexico, had been 
handled roughly by Villa's machine gunners. 

Corporal Morris Feinfield, of Company 'IC," Bir- 
mingham, who was a military policeman, arrested two 
of them for carrying loaded pistols while in the busi- 
ness section of the town. The negroes were aH ''boil- 
ing'* mad because a ''militiaman'' had taken two of 
their number in charge. The very idea! It was more 
than they, as Regulars, could stand. The friction in- 
tensified as a consequence. 

In several street fights groups of the Made men, 
when ihey attacked the Alabamians, were severdy 



UFE AT NOGALES 45 

beaten by the "tcnderfect" of the Guard. Finally, so 
the story goes» Brigadier General Edward H. Plum- 
xner, commanding the Nogales district, sent the cav- 
alrymen out in the Arivaca section. It was rumored 
the machine gunners of the ^'Fighting Fourth/' had 
the negroes remained, were going to give them some- 
thing to remember. The latter were tampering with 
dynamite and did not seem to realize it 

There was no actual fighting between the Mexicans 
and the Americans while the Alabama regiment was at 
Nogales, although things looked squally at times. Oc- 
casionally troops would be rushed to some point where 
it was expected an attack by the Mexicans would be 
made. 

The regiment simply put in four months of hard 
work, the officers and men becoming as hard as the 
proverbial pine knot, and they were ready even then to 
go up against more seasoned troops. They were far 
more fit then than thousands sent to France for the 
World Wan So were the officers and men of other 
National Guard units on the border. 

After having very thoroughly trained for about nine 
months — ^not three — and as there appeared to be no 
real good cause for keeping the Guard on the line 
when there was a large standing army whose business 
it was to handle future raids, the men began to yearn 
for their homes and the old jobs left behind. Too, 
they imagined some political game was being played 
and that in it they were the "goats." 

Finally orders came for the Alabamians to entrain 
for Montgomery, there to be mustered out This 
caused great joy, of course, and no time was lost com- 



46 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

plying with them. Just before the troops left, the 
newspaper at Nogales, in an editorial, complimented 
them highly as to their discipline and gentlemanly 
conduct. Without any reflection on the town, how- 
ever, the "Fighting Fourth" shouted "From hell to 
heaven !" as the train carrying it left Nogales. 



I ■ > 



CHAPTER VII 

HOME AGAIN AND NEW ORDERS 

The regiment left Nogales March 16, 1917, and 
reached Montgomery March 22. It again went into 
camp at Vandiver Park, landing there in another 
rainy spell. That, however, did not deter the people 
from visiting the camp and extending the officers and 
men the glad hand. 

Soon after thd latter had become settled in their 
quarters the order for the preparation of muster-out 
papers was received. All thought it only a matter of 
a few days before they would be free men. High 
officers of the Regular Army were there to handle the 
release of the troops from the United States service. 

Bronze medals bought by public subscription and 
commemorating the border duty, were awarded, one to 
each officer and enlisted man. The people were proud 
of the patriotism of the citizen soldiery and of the 
work done by the latter. The troops had answered 
the President's call promptly and cheerfully; and, 
while there was no war, they were ready to handle 
any emergency. Now, however, their sole desire was 
to re-enter civil life. But in that they were dis- 
appointed — ^trouble of a far greater magnitude was 
brewing elsewhere. 

Our relations across the Atlantic had been strained 
for some time, and the German kaiser and his war 



48 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

lords seemed to consider the United States as a weak- 
ling not worth notice. German submarines were sink- 
ing our unarmed merchant vessels, also those of other 
nations carrying our citizens, and protests were un- 
availing. 

On account of this state of affairs the government, 
fearing attempts would be made by Germans, or those 
in sympathy with them, throughout the country to 
wreck railroad property, munition plants and other 
industries, cancelled the demobilization orders for 
such National Guard units as were still in the service. 
The "Fighting Fourth" was caught before it could 
complete the muster-out formalities. 

Much destruction, indeed, had already been wrought 
to property here and there. Aside from these acts of 
German agents, Germany persisted in the U-boat tac- 
tics. Later, after much of the National Guard had 
been guarding the steel transportation lines, Germany 
avowed her intention to enlarge the radius of opera- 
tions of the undersea craft, which were seeking to 
starve England and thereby win the war. On April 6, 
1917, the United States declared a state of war to 
exist and at once began preparations to hurl all the 
forces needed to help England, France, Bdgium, and 
Russia crush the common enemy. 

It was about April 7th that the Fourth left Mont- 
gomery to guarc^ the railroad property. Other Ala- 
bama organizations were sent on a similar mission. 
The work ahead promised slight interest for those who 
were to engage in it. At this time, although the Reg- 
ulars were allowed to recruit from the volunteers of 
the country, the National Guard was not. While the 



HOME AGAIN AND NEW ORDERS 49 

standing army was building up, the Guard was left to 
split up into small details in the nature of outposts, 
which certainly was not conducive to any future effi- 
ciency which might be demanded of it 

The officers and men said duties of the kind should 
be performed by hired watchmen. It reminded them 
of orders received on the border — that army recruiting 
sergeants could solicit enlisted men of the National 
Guard for the Regular Army, and that any such men 
desiring to leave the Guard and enlist in the army must 
be allowed to do so. Also of another, tfle latter per- 
mitting trained men of the Guard to leave the service 
to accept civil positions in the border states. 

But the various details out guarding such property 
said they had much fun shooting at hogs and other 
animals prowling around at night. Too, throughout 
Alabama the country people were kind to the men. 
Finally orders were received returning the tmits to the 
camp at Montgomery. 

The various groups assembled and began "march- 
ing through Alabama.^' Everywhere they received 
tremendous ovations, the nation having been worked 
up to a high state of patriotism. All now seemed to 
realize that upon those officers and men of the Guard 
would fall the war's heavy burden and — it did as will 
be seen. By June 7, or thereabouts, all the contingents 
had reached Montgomery and had begtm regular train- 
ing schedules. But the Guard was delayed two 
months, as stated, in beginning active recruiting and 
training for the war. After the return to camp the 
units were allowed to recruit to war strength as then 
prescribed. 



50 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



V 



Great throngs of people now visited the training / 

area at Vandiver Park. Day by day they saw the 
"Fighting Fourth" become more efficient Soon the 
regiment reached war strength — about 150 men to 
each company — and presented a magnificent spectacle 
when on parade. Reviews were held in the city and 
the people were wildly patriotic and <rery proud of the 
regiment. It now looked like the Guard was about to 
come into its own. 



I 



\ 



CHAPTER VIII 

THE NEW ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY-SEVENTH UNITED 

STATES INFANTRY 

Time was fast slipping by now and Congress was 
already shaping draft legislation to send a mighty 
army to France. In addition to the Regular Army, 
the National Guard and the Marine Corps many mU- 
lions of soldiers, it appeared, would be needed to crush 
Germany and of course had to be secured by a com- 
pulsory service law. Young men from twenty-one to 
thirty-one years old were to be the first to serve in the 
National Army. ' 

The Alabama Guard units in the meantime were 
rapidly filling up with volunteers. After a while, due 
to the manner in which an old law read, the National 
Guard itself, although at the time in the United States 
service, was drafted August 5, 1917, and then became 
a part of the Armies of the United States. 

The training of the four Alabama regiments at Van- 
diver Park had been progressing nicely. They were 
the First, Second and Fourth Infantry and the First 
Cavalry. The various officers who had built them up 
began to think they would have an opportunity to lead 
their men in action. They had always taken great 
pride in their work and had produced efficient organ- 
izations. Too, most of them had spent considerable 

51 



52 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

stuns of money on the units at different times. The 
lives of some of the companies had begun in the child- 
hood days of the nation, the officers and men knew 
their histbries and felt honored to be members of them. 
Then came another jolt 

An order was received, published by the War De- 
partment and dated August 14, 1917, designating the 
Fourth Infantry, Alabama National Guard, as the 
167th United States Infantry, and at the same time 
the instructions said to transfer a sufficient number of 
men from the other three regiments to bring the new 
organization up to a strength of about 3,605 men ex- 
clusive of the officers. As a consequence the new regi- 
ment more than doubled in size. It was a sad blow to 
the officers and remaining men of the other regiments 
of course and their interest waned immediately. 

The order was read to the old Fourth one day as 
it was returning from a maneuver near Ware's Ferry. 
It caused much excitement Colonel Screws, who had 
been unanimously elected to that rank from the lieu- 
tenant-colonelcy after the regiment got back from the 
border, explained it and said the additional men would 
be transferred from the other Alabama units. He 
also stated many more officers would be required. 
Soon thereafter the new 167th United States Infantry 
marched back to the camp and the news spread like 
wildfire. 

During the next few days the transfer of the en- 
listed men took place. It reduced the other regiments 
to a few hundred men each. The officers of the 167th 
found themselves with 250 men to the company in- 



THE NEW 167TH U. S. INFANTRY 53 

stead of 150, and began to realize' what it meant to 
have such a large family. The shifting of the men 
caused a mass of clerical work and great confusion. 

There were five officers to transfer to the 167th, as 
follows: Second Lieut Ben F. Moore, of Birming- 
ham, First Cavalry; First Lieut. Hugh E. Lester, of 
Birmingham, First Cavalry; First Lieut. Richard B. 
Kelley, of Birmingham, Second Infantry ; First Lieut 
William A. Jeffries, of Andalusia, Second Infantry; 
First Lieut Louis R. Morgan, of Comettsville, Ky., 
First Infantry. 

The field officers of the new regiment were: Colonel 
William P. Screws, of Montgomery; Lieut.-Colonel 
Walter E. Bare, of Gadsden ; Major John W. Carroll, 
of Ozark ; Major Hartley A. Moon, of Birmingham ; 
Major Dallas B. Smith, of Opelika. Major John W. 
Watts, of Birmingham, a former Montgomerian, com- 
manded the Sanitary Detachment Captain Robert 
Joerg, Jr., of Montgomery, was the regimental adju- 
tant All ha4 served with the old Fourth on the 
border. 

The regiment left Montgomery August 28 on eight 
special trains. The destination was Camp Mills, Long 
Island, a few miles from New York City, where the 
42nd (''Rainbow") Division of National Guardsmen 
was being concentrated for shipment overseas. It was 
so named by Secretary of War Baker because its units 
were from 26 states of the Union, their locations form- 
ing an arc across the map like that of the natural 
phenomenon. 

Not many people were out to see the Alabamians off 



54 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

because they did not know ol the proposed departu 
On account of the strict censorship regulations the 
newspapers were not allowed to publish advance in- 
formation as to troop movements. Naturally the offi- 
cers and men felt hurt and the people as well. 



I 



CHAPTER IX 



AT CAMP MILLS 



In record-breaking time the eight "specials'' carry- 
ing the little army of Alabamians reached Camp Mills, 
Long Island. At many points along the route, as the 
trains sped northward, the troops were accorded un- 
precedented dejnonstrations, those witnessing their 
passage realizing the Guard had made good its claim 
of being the nation's second line of defense. The men 
were not going to some miner's strike — ^they were off 
to the greatest war in the world's history. 

The regiment detrained at once and promptly pitched 
its camp. The job could not have been done more 
systematically. The organization had been in service 
over a year and the officers and men knew their work 
thoroughly. Other troops had arrived or were coming 
in, and the "Rainbow" Division, representing the 
flower of America's young manhood, was being rap- 
idly assembled. There was, however, hard luck ahead 
for the regiment. 

Something went wrong and it was immediately 
quarantined because of a few cases of mumps and 
meningitis. It was considered a "rotten" deal. Here 
it should be stated that while the entire organization 
was confined to the limits of the camp several ugly 
rumors were maliciously circulated to the effect that 

55 



58' ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

(b) Ourcq River, Sergy, HiU 212 (Of- 
fensive) 
July 27 — Aug. 2 

4. St. Mihiel (Offensive) 

Sept. 12—16 
(a) Essey Sector (Defensive) 
Sept 16—27 

5. Meuse-Argonne (Offensive) 

Oct. 5 — Nov. 9 

(a) Kreimhilde SteUung, HiU 288, 
Cote de Chatillon (Offensive) 
Oct. 11—21 

(b) Heights of the Meuse (Offensive) 

(c) Advance to Sedan (Offensive) 
Nov. 2—9 

6. Army of Occupation. 

Nov. 16 



CHAPTER X 

ACROSS ''the pond" AT LAST 

The latter part of October saw the regiment quite 
ready to sail and its officers and men "a rearin' ter 
go." All surplus property, all useless impedimenta, 
had been turned in or abandoned. The Alabamians 
were stripping for action. 

Silently, through the dark avenues of night, units 
of the "Rainbow" were stealing away. As each day 
passed, those left behind grew fewer and fewer. 
There was an indescribable sadness about, but those 
remaining cheered the departing ones who were 
marching — ^who knew where? 

On one of the first days of a bleak November the 
Third Battalion got orders to move, and the next 
morning its company streets, flooded by an excessive 
rainfall, were deserted. From them the night before 
brave men had gone forth to serve the land which had 
given them birth. It was as if bright skies had shed 
millions of tears at their departure. A few days later 
Companies "G" and "H," with headquarters of the 
Second Battalion, Major Hartley A. Moon, of Bir- 
mingham in command, left the camp site. On No- 
vember 5 orders marked "Confidential" were received 
for the last units of the regiment. During that after- 
noon final preparations were made to get away. 

59 



60 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

At taps all went to bed as usual — all who had not 
yet retired It was to be for many of them their 
last sleep on American soil. Ehu'ing the still hours of 
the night, at two o'clock, the sentinels on post awak- 
ened the officers and men, though not much repose 
had been the portion of some, as they later admitted. 
Lunches which had been previously prepared were 
issued the shivering soldiers and hastily eaten by them. 
Within a short time the policing of the camp had been 
completed and the last remnants of the 167th were 
tramping to a small railroad station not a great dis- 
tance off. 

The train, with its dim lights, stood there like a 
monster spectre in the dark. Lanterns flickered here 
and there like so many ghouls about, and there was 
an uncanny atmosphere through whidi the men peered 
at each other. One coach was assigned to each platoon 
and the troops boarded the cars at once. No loved 
ones were there to see them leave, but down in Ala- 
bama many were praying for them and the success of 
their cause. 

Swiftly and unheralded the engine ran as the cold, 
grey dawn began to break. The outlying fields were 
white with frost, while in the dim distance factories 
were scarcely discernible, standing there gaunt and 
bare as black objects against a brightening sky. When 
the puffing and steaming creation of man's brain 
finally pulled the string of cars into Long Island City 
it was almost full daylight As crossings were passed 
men going to their work paused and waved their 
hands and hats, while some appeared to cheer lustily. 

In the railroad yards platoons were formed and 



ACROSS '^THE POND^' AT LAST 61 

marched rapidly through the station to a ferryboat 
close by, and soon the men jammed the decks. Aboard 
were placed all company boxes and baggage as well as 
kitchen equipment. Soon thereafter the trip down 
stream began. 

The confinement in quarantine not only was con- 
sidered unjust, but it placed a formidable barrier be- 
tween the Alabamians in the camp on Long Island and 
the biggest city of the New World, so that to hundreds 
of the men at this time the darting traffic of the East 
River and the towering bridges afforded them a novel 
sight. Boats crossed and crisscrossed, passengers on 
them waved, and a number of passing vessels whistled 
a guarded farewell and God speed, for then troop 
movements were carefully kept secrets, and with spies 
han^ng arotmd it was dangerous to reveal them. 

The ferryboat, creeping along, now swung around 
the lower end of Manhattan Island, passing the Bat- 
tery and its Aquarium, while to the northward in the 
badcground were New York City's skyscrapers. Off 
to the other side, as the small vessel rounded the Bat- 
tery and headed up the Hudson, the Goddess of Lib- 
erty looked anxiously over the waters as if guarding 
for those who had to pass that way the bosom of the 
deep. A little further on the ferryboat steamed near 
the docks of the larger steamship companies. 

Over there in Hoboken a large sign seemed to flaunt 
defiance and insolence as it cried out: ^'Hamburg- 
American Line!" In the docks lay the huge "Levi- 
athan,'" formerly the "Vaterland," the biggest passen- 
ger ^ip afloat. She was built by Germany, in that 
nation's struggle for mastery of ocean commerce, and 



62 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

now, by the irony of fate, was being used against the 
Huns in the battle they staged for military supremacy. 
Later the monster transported to Europe many hun- 
dreds of thousands of other American troops. After 
the war she brought them back. The German U-boats 
never did hit her. 

Exclamations of surprise — ^such as the familiar Ala- 
bama "Gosh !" — were heard on every hand as the men 
finally saw the immensity of the vessel. The tiny fer- 
ryboat was but as a nutshell to a mammoth oak in com- 
parison. A short distance beyond the small craft was 
moored to the end of one of the Cunard Line's docks. 
From there the Alabamians saw the stem of a grey 
ocean-going vessel, upon the deck of which a long, 
wicked looking gun projected beyond the end of the 
freight house. Here was their means of transport 
overseas and the soldiers were keenly interested at 
once. 

A gangplank was placed and the companies filed 
into the shed, forming in alphabetical order to cor- 
respond with the previously prepared passenger list. 
Other gangplanks led from the dock to the sides of the 
liner. At each was a desk at which there were several 
officers and government employes. As the name of 
each man was called he answered "Here!" and 
stepped forward. 

As each did so he was carefully scrutinized by an 
officer to see that no unauthorized person went aboard 
disguised as an enlisted man, and was given a card 
showing his bunk number, deck on which located, the 
time and place of his meals, and the life-boat he was 
to seek in case of emergency. When the last man had 



ACROSS 'THE POND'* AT LAST 63 

passed this check the officers were assigned state- 
rooms. 

The vessel, the "Andania/' was built for the Ca- 
nadian service, and was of 14,500 tons displacement 
Few civilians were aboard, but there were several 
English and Canadian officers present, all the latter 
returning to the front before the time limit expired 
on their furloughs or sick leaves. 

All officers were crowded four to a tiny cabin, while 
the enlisted men were packed in the hold like so many 
sardines in a box. The place had been fitted out with 
small and narrow bunks. Then, about noon, the vessel 
crept quietly out and headed down the river toward 
the bay. There were no bands playing, no throngs of 
intensely loyal citizens ashore waving flags and cheer- 
ing, and no noise of any kind aboard ship. Three 
American officers and two Secret Service men on the 
dock waved their caps and hats. None of the troops 
were allowed above deck. One might have thought 
the vessel a freighter going out to sea. 

Hardly had the harbor receded in the distance when 
the officers were assembled in the smoking-room. 
They had not even had time to become acquainted 
with the mass of steel and wood which was to be their 
home for the next two weeks. One of three colonels 
aboard was found to be the senior and therefore in 
command of the troops. He outlined the guard to be 
mounted by the young officers. 

Five posts, on night and day, .was the schedule, and 
each relief was to be on four hours and off eight. The 
posts were really watches at sea. One was in the very 
bow of the vessel, one was on each side of the lower 



64 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

bridge, one was in charge of the submarine guard on 
the main deck» and one was on the small bridge, just 
above the stem's gun. 

The mission of the^ officers was to look out for 
submarines, though no one knew, it seemed, exactly 
what he should do if hy chance he should see one. 
The submarine guard, besides being charged with the 
responsibility of keeping ali lights out, was to watch 
for the undersea craft and to open ''a murderous fire" 
if any became visible. Instructions were also given as 
to the method of lowering boats and of putting on 
life-belts. 

That night the waters seethed and foamed and the 
waves ran high. It was pitch dark on the ocean and 
the boat rolled uncomfortably. The next morning 
many of those who had eaten too heartily the day be- 
fore were not to be seen at 'the breakfast table. 

Attempts were made to have the men do the '^set- 
ting-up" exercises, but the efforts proved futile, for 
who can do a ''full knee bend" when a ship is lurching 
and pitching? Too, when its motion catapults one 
into a donkey-engine or into one of those Victrola 
looking ventilators? 

November 8, late in the afternoon, land was again 
beheld, and that evening the good ship anchored in the 
outer harbor at Halifax. Submarine nets across the 
channel to the inner harbor had already been placed, 
so the ''Andania" had to wait until early the next 
morning to go inside. Soon after breakfast the nets, 
which had been suspended from barges, were swung 
back enough to allow the vessel's passage. 

She dropped anchor, and it was not long before a 



ACROSS 'THE POND" AT LAST 65 

barg^ came alongside and the coaling began. Several 
other vessels appeared to be ready to dear. That 
afternoon one steamer passed slowly by. Her rails 
were solid lines of khaki ; and when word was passed 
around that she was a Canadian transport taking back 
to the front soldiers who had recovered from their 
womids, cheers were exchanged between the Ameri- 
cans and the men on the transport. Still another ship 
followed her, the rails this time being lined with a mix- 
ture of bhie and browa It was learned that aboard 
were Chinese labor troops bound for France to work 
on the railroads. 

Then there came out of the inner harbor a grey 
ship, larger than either of the preceding, and crowded 
widi khaki figures. Eagerly the troops on the '"An- 
dania'^ searched her decks with glasses. Suddenly a 
soldier, disobeying orders, climbed half way up the 
stays of the "Andania," signaling by flag "What out- 
fit?" Instantly there came back from the other vessel 
•'A-L-A." Then the band on the "Andania" burst out 
into the soul-stirring, blood-boiling strains of "Dixie." 
Cheer after cheer went back and forth across the ever- 
increasing space while wigwagged messages of "Good 
Luck!" were being exchanged between the Ala- 
bamians. 

The "LafJand" had left New York November 3, 
having aboard the First Battalion of the 167th In- 
fantry, also the 117th Signal Battalion and the Ala- 
bama regiment's machine gun company. Major John 
W. Carroll, of Ozark, was in command. The vessel 
was of 18,500 tons displacement and had better ac- 
commodations than the "Andania." 



66 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

On the "Lapland" there were only two lieutenants 
to a stateroom, while captains and higher officers had 
staterooms for individual use. Every sergeant and 
most of the other noncommissioned officers had state- 
room accommodations, better than Brigadier General 
Robert A, Brown had when he sailed with the Iowa 
regiment and the vessel had to turn back after leav- 
ing port 

It should be stated here that Companies "G" and 
"H" of the Second Battalion did not sail with the 
other two, but were shipped by rail to Halifax. They 
arrived overseas some days later than the rest of the 
regiment and rejoined the organization in France. 

The afternoon of November 9, as stated, the "Lap- 
land" cleared, and that evening the "Andania" fin- 
ished coaling and followed her out of the harbor. 
During the night of November 10 the "Andania** 
picked up the fleet and the next morning at daybreak 
took her position in line. 

In the convoy there were ten ships. An auxiliary 
cruiser was the leader and escort. The vessels steamed 
in three columns, the "Lapland" at the tail end of the 
left coltunn, the "Andania" abreast of her, at the tail 
end of the center column. The trip on the whole was 
uneventful. Boat drills and fire drills were held every 
day and life-belts had to be worn at all times. 

Occasional officers' schools were held aboard the 
"Andania," and some very interesting talks were made 
by Colonel Johnson and Captain S. N. Dancey, the 
latter an experienced officer of the forces from Can- 
ada. Combat formations were studied and the latest 
changes in trench warfare were discussed. 



ACROSS "THE POND" AT LAST 67 

Captain Dancey, in a letter to Colonel Screws dated 
December 31, 1918, said: 

"I tell you, sir, and I say it without flattery, that 
there is no imit in the American Army that has accom- 
plished more splendid results, or distinguished itself 
more conspicuously, than has the 167th Regiment of 
which you were the honored Commander. You have 
every right to be proud of those lads, as I know from 
personal contact with them, that they are proud of 
you/' 

Some weeks after that the writer of this book heard 
numbers of other officers wondering why Colonel 
Screws had never been promoted. One said : "To me 
the great mystery of this war is why Colonel Screws, 
who is responsible for the best combat regiment in our 
army, remains a colonel while others who have never 
heard a 'whizzbang' go off can have the 'flourishes' 
sounded for them." 

But I am off the story of the ocean voyage. On 
the night of November 17, while the ships were plow- 
ing along. Captain Dancey organized an amateur con- 
cert in aid of the Seamen's Institute. Several of the 
ship's crew participated as well as a number of the 
soldiers, and a neat sum was realized. That morning 
a fleet of destroyers had dashed up, circling in and out 
among the vessels, lending much reassurance to those 
aboard the ships in the convoy. 



it 
n 



CHAPTER XI 

EUROPE AND THE LANDING 

The morning of Novanber 18 land was sigfatecL It 
proved to be the north shore of Ireland. All day the 
convoy sailed along the coast In the afternoon some 
of the vessels headed north, but those with the Ala- 
bamians aboard turned southward down through the 
channel and into the Irish Sea. 

The early morning of November 19 the ships 
passed up the Mersey River and nosed into dock space 
at Liverpool, England. It was about noon before the 
Andania" put in at that port Then the bands played 
Over There" and "Good Bye, Broadway, Hello 
France!" The troops were glad the long ocean voy- 
age had ended. 

As the vessel lay there the men lined up along her 
rails and watched the unloading of a troop ship full 
of kilted Scotch-Canadians. The latter passed, carry- 
ing large bundled and boxes, waving and shouting to 
the Alabamians. "Hey! Scottie," yelled one of the 
men of the 167th, "whot yer got them skirts on fer?" 
The reply came bs^ck, "For what you got your breeks 
on, lad?" 

The Alabamians during the afternoon were 
marched off their transports and to the railroad sta- 
tion. A British oiKcer wearing the armband of the 
Debarkation Service directed the troop movements in 
a very efficient manner except for the fact that some 

68 



EUROPE AND THE LANDING 69 

of his commands were not understood by the Amer- 



icans. 



Now, Captain, if you will give your company 
'Right wheel !' please," he asked, but the captain gave 
the command "Squads right I'' and thereupon his com- 
pany got hopelessly tangled up with another whose 
officer had differently interpreted the request. 

Soon a string of cars, each one almost as big as 
one of the obsolete horse cars in America, was pulled 
into the staticm, and drawing the coaches was a tiny 
engine. It had a whistle which sounded like that of 
a postman. The men of the 167th promptly dubbed 
the layout ''Equipment A." The troops from the 
"Andania'^ were divided and placed on two trains, the 
last leaving Liverpool after dark. 

Arriving at Winchester in the middle of the night, 
the companies were marched through the town, its 
streets darkened to shield it from air raids, and up to 
the camp on the top of a long hill in the outskirts. 
The other Alabama units, except Companies "G" 
and "H," soon put in their appearance. 

"Camp Winalldowns" was made up of a mass of 
wooden huts, each one quartering about fifty men. 
The bunks consisted of three boards each raised a few 
inches off the ground. Extra blankets were drawn 
as they were sorely needed. 

The food there, it is reported, was miserable. The 
men lived mostly on cheese, and not much of that. 
The officers did not fare much better. However, all 
could go to Winchester to buy tea and buns, though at 
each tea-room a single soldier was only allowed a bun 
and a cup of the beverage* Consequently every day 



70 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

officers and men could be seen going the rounds in an 
effort to secure enough food to keep alive. 

Visits were made to Winchester Cathedral and en- 
tire companies were marched into the town on sight- 
seeing trips. In the cathedral there is a chapel built 
by Henry Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester, afterwards 
Cardinal, in commiseration for the burning at the 
stake of Joan d'Arc, the national heroine of France. 
He also had a sum of money laid aside to run a hotel, 
at which the poor can stay at any time without cost. 

In this connection it is interesting to note that the 
167th Infantry had all of its training in France in the 
Joan d'Arc country, and that the Third Battalion spent 
a night in Domremy, the birthplace of the martyred 
shepherd-girl, on its march from Uruffe to St. Blin. 

The regiment's officers and men were the first 
American troops in Winchester, but their stay was 
short. On November 24 the various organizations left, 
marching to the railroad station and with an English 
band leading the way. The latter, strangely enough, 
played "Marching Through Georgia." The trains 
soon reached Southampton and that evening the regi- 
ment took cross-channel boats for Le Havre, France. 
As usual, the waters were very rough. The vessels 
were the "Prince George," the "Marguerite," and the 
"N. W. Miller." 

The "Marguerite," an old side-wheeler, tried the 
passage but was obliged to turn back. The "N. W. 
Miller" made it in a strong gale. A large bumper, fif- 
teen feet long and six feet in diameter, which had becTi 
tied to the deck, broke loose and crashed overboard i. 
taking a large section of the rail along with it. 



EUROPE AND THE LANDING 71 

The men on the last named craft were down in the 
hold, where there had once been cattle stalls. The 
officers and their baggage were in a small dining salon 
about ten feet square, and in which there was a long 
lounge extended alongside the walls. When the boat 
began to toss about the place became untenable. 

As the ship rolled from side to side the men, their 
rifles, their packs and the life-belts slid back and forth 
in the greatest confusion. When she arrived outside 
Le Havre the next morning the sea was rolling in so 
tempestuously that it was necessary for her to cruise 
around the entrance until the storm abated. 

The "Prince George," in spite of the strong sea, 
which the captain declared to be one of the worst he 
had ever experienced, went directly across, although 
she suffered the loss of part of her railing washed 
overboard. Arriving in the morning the vessel was 
made fast to a dock, from which there arose unintel- 
ligible French words. From there the companies 
marched to the rest camp back of the railroad station. 

The "Marguerite" came in the following morning 
and docked at about the same place as the "N. W. 
Miller," which had been cruising outside all the day 
before but which had come in during the evening with- 
out, however, unloading. 

All day the details worked at transferring the regi- 
mental baggage from the boats to the very small 
French box cars. At midnight the first train left the 
port. Major John W. Carroll in charge. Aboard it 
was Company "M," of the Third Battalion, under 
Captain Ravee Norris, of Birmingham, who had 
crossed the Channel with Major Carroll and the First 



n ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Battalion. Shortly thereafter the second train left 
with Colonel Screws in command For the first and 
last time — that is, up to the early part of 1919-i«-the 
Alabamians traveled in passenger coaches and not in 
box cars. That, however, was a doubtful pleasure, 
for with eight men and their equipment one of the 
small compartments did not allow much stretching 
space. 

All night long the trains crept along at a speed not 
exceeding ten miles an hour* With morning came the 
problem of feeding. The rations were stored in box 
cars ahead, and occasionally the train stopped long 
enough for food to be carried to a few of the rear 
coaches. However, with fifty cars to the train the 
task of serving the meals was indeed a trying one. 

One mess sergeant attempting to save a box of hard- 
tack got lost ''in the shuffle" when the train began to 
speed up. He was last seen walking up the track and 
patiently lugging the precious load. Twice stops were 
made at "coffee stations,'' where two cans of the bev- 
erage to a platoon were served. 

The morning of November 28 the regiment, less 
Companies "G" and "H," reached VaucouleurSw The 
weather was damp and penetrating. It was the first 
introduction to "Sunny France." Afterwards the 
march was made to Uruffe and Gibeaum&c, two dirty 
little villages, and they were the regiment's first sta- 
tions in France. The first mentioned place had the 
honor of being regimental headquarters. 



/ 



Chnplain EMMETT P SMITH 



utt 



CHAPTER XII 

THE STAGE AND ITS SETTING 

Our men from out the west, from the great republic 
beyond the seas, had come and had come quickly from 
a land of peace and plenty at the bidding of die Old 
World to save it from the sword hanging so menac- 
ingly overhead. The wicked blade, sharpened so 
keenly for forty years by German plans of ''might 
makes right," had hewn a bloody path right up to the 
gates of Paris, only to fall back again, in the earlier 
days of the war. Its edge had now been renewed and 
it was striving to hack away again. 

The language was only figurative. God and the val- 
iant soldiers of the English, French and Belgian 
legions alone know what those troops faced as they 
held the trenches awaiting the succor which had been 
promised them by far-away America — ^that help which 
they knew must travel dangerous waters to reach the 
battle lines. 

Such cries as "La Fayette, we come I" were hollow 
sounding to them as they realized that armies are not 
made in the twinkling of an eye, and that millions of 
men can not spring to arms overnight. Mud, filth, 
sickness, wounds and death had been their portion for 
three long years, and they wanted deeds and not words. 
The faithful fellows, however, seemed to remember 

73 



74 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

that 'l)eneath the darkest cloud there is always a silver 
lining/' and so took hope. 

They had shielded with their bodies the long front 
from the North Sea to the Swiss Alps» and though 
the human line had been bent here and there it had not 
broken. The Hun had paid in blood for each bulge 
he had made in it, but along as he went our brave 
allies had also suffered. 

'Tood and supplies t" had up to a few months back 
been their call to us, but now the need was urgent for 
additional armies and we were undertaking to supply 
them. The task was a gigantic one, and already 
America had set about to build "a bridge of ships" 
across the Atlantic to allow the adequate passage of 
men and provisions, together with material for the 
new army. A beginning, however small, had been 
made. 

The treacherous submarine had been gathering a 
fearful toll from the vessels of the sea in Germany's 
mad effort to' starve England. The world's tonnage 
was dropping slowly but surely as all sorts of craft 
were cruelly torpedoed and sent to watery graves. 
Troops bound east from Canada and the States had 
suffered only slight losses, but the Huns were now 
making the most determined efforts to stop such 
movements as well as to increase their sinkings of 
cargo-laden ships. Even hospital vessels were not 
spared by the ruthless U-boats, and the latter found 
pleasure in destroying harmless fishing smacks. 

The apostles of "Kultur" had explained quite often 
enough that Prussianism was boimd to conquer be- 



THE STAGE AND ITS SETTING 75 

cause its policies were best for the world at large. 
Now the other nations of the earth were having a 
taste of it and the potion caused a world-wide vomit- 
ing spelL A number of the smaller countries of the 
New World, following the example set by the United 
States, had declared war on the exponents of the doc- 
trine named, thus indicating to the kaiser how much 
they approved of his subjects' ideals. 

Nevertheless, with many hundreds of millions of 
people all over the globe disapproving of the Huns' 
policies, the fiends gloried in their own hellish deeds 
—even chuckled over their accomplishment. But, "He 
who laughs last, laughs best," and the Germans found 
out, as all now know, that their "Gott mit uns" slogan 
availed them naught but defeat and ignominy. 

As Mr. J. Marion Shull, in the "Boston Transcript," 
put it in a story dealing with the two bells, the "Glori- 
osa" and the "Emperor," swinging in the Cathedral 
of Cologne, with regard to the former: 

'Was it with something of intuitive appreciation of 
Prussian character on the part of the designer of this 
bell that the six arms that form the crown are dec- 
orated with angels' heads above and end where they 
join the bell in lions' feet? Why, a whole sermon 
could be preached on this alone ! The saintly, sacred, 
outward seeming, but, underlying all, the Beast ! And 
did those lions' claws but typify the grasping spirit of 
the Prussian war lord? And the bell, France, that 
he would grasp entire and sway or strike at will ? Per- 
haps even then some Fate foresaw the jangling dis- 
cord of the last few years and as a symbol and a 
prophecy caused the great bell to come from the f oun- 



76 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

der's hand C-sharp instead of Q and, therefore, not in 
tune with the other bells of the cathedral I" 

The two bells were made of the metal of reduced 
French guns after the War of 1870. The former was 
cast from twenty cannon, and carries in Latin this 
inscription: 

''William, the Most Illustrious Emperor of Ger- 
many and King of Prussia, in pious remembrance of 
the heavenly aid granted him in the fortunate course 
and conclusion of the last French war, has ordered, 
after the restoration of the German Empire, a bell to 
be cast from captured cannon, of the weight of 50,000 
pounds, which is to be suspended in the house of God, 
now nearly completed. In accordance with this pious 
desire of the victory prince, the society formed for 
the completion of the cathedral has caused it to be 
cast, under Roman Pontiff Pius IX, and the Arch* 
bishop of Cologne, Paul Melchers, in the year of pur 
Lord 1874." 

Mr. Shull proposes that from the German guns cap- 
tured in the "World War," of which there are thou- 
sands, "that there be cast the most wonderful carillon 
of bells of which the world's best makers are capable, 
and let these be duplicated in sufficient numbers that 
the capital city of each of the great Allied nations may 
be provided with a set of these 'Peace Bells.' " 

But, as stated, the English, French and Belgians 
had so long been putting over the barrage fire for 
peace, for each blast of their mighty guns was a 
stroke in that direction, that they sorely needed relief. 
It could not come too soon for them. Even metal 



THE STAGE AND ITS SETTING 77 

may become tired and break| and they were perilously 
near the collapsing point 

The strain was daily becoming greater. Russia was 
out of the nmning in the eastern theatre of war and 
most of the German forces from that front had been 
shuttled over to the western area of battle, A counter- 
balance was required* some additional force to offset 
the enemy gain in man power. Italy was keeping Aus- 
tria-Hungary busy, so that the Huns cotdd not expect 
much help from their southern neighbors. Not only, 
however, did the western front need the counter- 
balance — ^new blood was required there of the kind 
we finally provided, though none too quickly. 

Trench warfare of the most scientific and at the 
same time of the most wickedly cunning type was now 
in vogue. Each side tried to hurl at the other what- 
ever death-dealing devices the human mind could con- 
ceive, to slay not only men but vast armies bit by bit. 
As the days passed the most devilish sdiemes were 
being concocted to make the warfare more frightful. 

Open fighting had been tried, but now it was a 
matter of each huge millstone trying to wear down 
the other. A part of the plan adopted by the Huns 
was to weaken the morale of the civilian populations 
of the countries battling for freedom, and whole cities 
shook with the terrible explosions of bombs dropped 
by the enemy aviators. Small towns were wiped off 
the map by the long range guns of the German artil- 
lery. The enemy was after Paris the same as Attila, 
the chief of the Huns, was in the year 451, when he 
proudly styled himself "the Curse of God,'' except 
that the latter-day Huns were at this time hurling ex- 



78 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

plosives down from the sky in an effort to destroy the 
beautiful city. 

The long system of trenches maintained by the 
Germans about the time the Alabamians reached 
France, and it had been that way for some while ex- 
cept for slight modifications, began on the North Sea, 
in Belgium, at or near Westend, passed southward 
through Nieuport to the French border via Lange- 
marck and HoUebeke; thence through Armentieres, 
Neuve Chapelle, Loos, Haucourt, Gouzeaucourt, St 
Quentin, and La Fere, in a southeasterly direction, 
bearing east at Wauxaillon; thence to Jouvincourt, 
and slightly southeast to a point a little northeast of 
Reims; then eastward again to a little north of the 
great Verdun fortress; thence southeast to Apremont 
and due east to and along the France-Lorraine bound- 
ary in a southeasterly course, entering Alsace at Die- 
dolshausen and bearing south to the Swiss Alps. 

Thousands of graves dotted the land back of the 
ditches of each army, for the Belgians, English and 
French faced the enemy from similar trenches. Other 
lines of resistance of like construction lay in rear of 
both systems. Each day found the opposing forces 
engaged in strengthening them. In between the outer 
ditches lay "No Man's Land," in places only a few 
feet across, and stretched out there were countless 
miles of barbed wire entanglements of each side, from 
which human bodies at times hung limp in death and 
riddled with bullets. 

"Listening posts," far advanced out in "No Man's 
Land," were so arranged that the occupants could try 
to detect suspicious movements on the other side and 



n MAURICE DROHIN 



- I 



THE STAGE AND ITS SETTING 79 

warn the rear of impending attacks. Hundreds of 
"dugouts," deep caves, were excavated, and in them 
the soldiers lived in mud, water and misery. There 
they sought shelter from the frequent shellings and 
bullet sprays from the aeroplanes overhead. To pro- 
tect their heads from flying pieces of shrapnel the men 
wore steel helmets, "Carnegie derbies," as our troops 
soon styled them. When the "Alert" was sounded 
gas masks were quickly adjusted as a protection from 
the poisonous fumes. Life out there was indeed a 
torture at best. 

The various organizations took up positions in the 
trenches, remained on duty for a while, then were sent 
back to the rear to rest, being relieved by other units. 
Humans could not stand such existence long at a time. 
During such shiftings there were often casualties, as 
the approaches to the trenches were frequently raked 
with all sorts of gunfire. Trench raids to inflict pun- 
ishment, capture prisoners, and gain information, were 
common, and in tfiem wounds and deaths were numer- 
ous. It was a war of attrition pure and simple then, 
with each side hoping to catch the other napping and 
then to make a breach in the line. Open warfare ap- 
peared at that time very remote. 



CHAPTER XIII 

training under the french 
(memorable hikes) 

Colonel Screws' headquarters at Uniffe were lo- 
cated in the town hall. The First Battalion, its head- 
quarters, and the Supply Company were billeted in 
Uruflfe, and Ae Second Battalion, less "G" and "H" 
Companies under Major Moon, which had not yet 
arrived, was in wooden barracks near by, while the 
Third Battalion and Machine Gun Company were at 
Gibeaumeix, about two miles away. In these towns 
the 167th remained until December 12, 1917. 

So filthy were they that Colonel Screws issued or- 
ders to his regiment to clean them. Then it was that 
the men began to sing "Good Bye, Broadway, Hello 
France I We've come to dean your streets for you." 

The Alabamians were about as miserable as could 
be, for imagine the surprise and the disgust when the 
men, at least some of them, were assigned sleeping 
quarters in bams, already, it seemed, full of hay. 
Others were put in empty houses, while officers had 
scantily furnished rooms without proper heating facil- 
ities. The old "Fighting Fourth," be it said, was out 
to help win a war, so inconveniences of the kind mat- 
tered but little after the regiment had settled down to 
business. 

Before December 1 the troops were out on the bit- 

80 



TRAINING UNDER THE FRENCH 81 

terly cold slopes hard at work. The drills and espe- 
cially the practice on the rifle range now prored of 
intense interest, for the regimeat was in war's back 
yard — indeed, the occasieaal roar of the big guns at 
the front could be heard. 

Thirty new officers, who had reached France early 
in September, and who had been attending French and 
British military schools, joined the 167th on Decem- 
ber 3. Captain Maurice Drouhin and Lieutenant Yves 
Chataigneau, of the French Army, also put in their 
appearance. The last two named quickly won the 
affection, for nothing less could it be called, of the 
Alabamians. The American officers were likewise 
appreciated. 

December 12 found the regiment on the more once 
more. After a march of twq days its headquarters 
put in at St. Blin. On the hike the Third Battalion 
passed a night at Domremy, the birthplace of Joan 
d'Arc. The life of the martyr typified to Frenchmen 
the spirit of France, and there at her birthplace it was 
clear the Alabamians were again thrilled at the 
thought of fighting for such a noble race. 

At St. Blin were the Second Battalion, Machine 
Gun Company, Headquarters Company and Supply 
Company. It was here that Companies "G" and ''H" 
showed up, making the regiment complete. The First 
Battalion was at Vesaignes, while the Third Battalion 
was at Humberville. All three were dirty little places 
and in the immediate vicinity of Chaumont, the latter 
being the headquarters of the American Expedition- 
ary Forces in France. The city of Nancy was not far 
away. 



82 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Billets for the men, for the most part, were pro- 
vided, though in each town some of the soldiers were 
quartered in wooden barracks. The conditions were 
bad, but by this time the regiment was becoming in- 
ured to hardships. The weather was very cold, but 
the small trench stoves were utilized. They afforded 
some degree of comfort 

Christmas came in sight and plenty of advance 
preparations were made to have the day what it should 
be. A liberal supply of good rations had been re- 
ceived. The arrival of the glad event found lots of 
well roasted turkey, cranberries, figs, dates and other 
good things on hand. The cooks had been up all the 
night before and had done their work well. The 
"eats" were all temptingly prepared and thoroughly 
enjoyed. It was the regiment's first and last Christ- 
mas in France, for on that day the next year the men 
were on the Rhine in Germany. 

A real American Christmas tree that evening drew 
a large number of French children, and the latter, for 
.whom the Alabamians had planned it, were running 
wildly about in joyful anticipation. Later they were 
showing their home folks what "les bons Americains" 
had given them. A collection had been made among 
the officers with which to provide this pleasure for the 
tots, and the town crier had gone his rounds in an- 
nouncing the event 

Now came the most memorable, and indeed the 
most wonderful, hike made by the 167th, an accom- 
plishment equal to that of Washington's men at Val- 
ley Forge for endurance of cold and fatigue. In con- 
nection with this march it should be noted that the 



TRAINING UNDER THE FRENCH 83 

Aiabamians, hundreds of whom in their Southern 
homes had never seen a snowfall, traveled the entire 
distance afoot, carrying their heavy packs, and that 
not a man fell out 

Of this period the regimental diary reads as follows : 

"December 26. — Regimental headquarters, Machine 
Gun, Supply, and Headquarters Companies left St. 
Blin. Billeted first night at Mareilles, 18 kilometers; 
second night at Neuilly-sur-Suize, 21.5 kilometers; 
third night at FaveroUes, 14 kilometers. 

"First Battalion left Vesaignes December 26. Bil- 
leted first night at Grey-les-Mareilles, 16 kilometers; 
second night at Chamarande, 21.5 kilometers; third 
night at Marac, 22.5 kilometers. 

"Second Battalion left St. Blin December 26. Bil- 
leted first night at Darmannes, 22.5 kilometers ; second 
night at Crenay, 22.5 kilometers; third night at Lef- 
fonds, 7.5 kilometers. 

"Third Battalion left Humberville December 26. 
Billeted first night at Chantraines, 13 kilometers; sec- 
ond night at Choignes, 22 kilometers; third night at 
Villiers-sur-Suize ; December 29-31 in cleaning equip- 
ment and making camp.'' 

It will be seen from a map that the regiment moved 
southwesterly — ^f rom between Chaumont and Neuf cha- 
teau to an area due south of Chaumont, slightly north* 
west of Langres. 

For several days the cold had been becoming more 
severe, and with such a thermometer it appeared as if 
the snowfall must cease, but soon the ground was deep 
below its white covering. 

In the morning the men would warm their shoes 



84 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

before going outside of their biUets» thereby making 
hot surfaces which meUed the snow and caused it to 
soak quickly through the leather as cold water. Of 
course the shoes in drying out at night would shrink 
and the next day many of them had to be cut to allow 
the entrance of the feet Also, some of the men 
would hold their shoes too dose to the fire and bum 
the leather, causing the soles to become loose and 
drop off later during the march. Two days out the 
regiment had a large number of men practically bare- 
footed. 

Officers from the northern States of America, all 
accustomed to such weather from their boyhood, suf- 
fered a great deal themselves. At the end of the 
march they paid glowing tributes to the pluck and en- 
durance of the Alabamians. 

On the second afternoon the column trudged down 
a long hill and into the valley of the Mame — a name 
already famous in history, but which these men were 
to make more so, as later on they played such a heroic 
part when, rushing up after an all-night truck ride 
from the Champagne, they plunged ahead in the Cha- 
teau-Thierry drive. 

But all trials hare their close, so the last days of 
that December the regiment came to a stop and settled 
down for more training. Faverolles had the distinc- 
tion of being the 167th's headquarters; the Machine 
Gun Company, the Headquarters Company and the 
Supply Company were there, while at Marac was the 
First Battalion. The Second Battalion was at Lef- 
fonds and the Third Battalion was at Villiers-sur- 
Suize. 



/ 



CHAPTER XIV 

training under the french 
(officers' schools) 

New Year's Day, 1918, found the regiment hard 
at drills, chiefly "Squads Eastl" and "Squads Westl'' 
So frequent and long drawn out were they that the 
men soon trod down countless acres of snow. From 
the actual battle-front came the cry for America to 
hurry. The officers and men of the 167th had heard 
it and they were putting extra energy into their work 
to gain combat efficiency. 

The "Battle of Cambrai/' as it was then called, had 
taken place from November 20 to December 12, and 
in spite of the heroic efforts of the British to capture 
the place, it was at this time still in enemy hands. 

The German Army was still very powerful There 
the British had taken the Huns completely by surprise 
the early morning of November 10 and in some places 
actually broke through the famous "Hindenburg 
Line/' In the first drive General Byng's men ad- 
vanced more than five miles. It was the first thrust 
of any consequence made by Allied forces for many 
weeks and seemed to portend open warfare. Gmibrai 
was only two miles away. 

But the Germans came back with a terrible ven- 
geance and the British, after giving the world a few 

85 



86 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

days of joy by their success, were forced bax:k, and 
the ^'Hindenburg Line" still hurled defiance to the 
armies trying to break it 

An order now came for the 167th to send seventy- 
five per cent of its old officers and many of its non- 
commissioned officers to the First Corps School at 
Gondrecourt A newly organized infantry officers' 
course had been instituted there. It embraced tactical 
study, the use of automatic rifles, hand grenades, 
Stokes' mortars, one-pounders, and machine guns, 
and much attention was paid to signal work, trench 
construction, bayonet exercises and musketry. 

The stay at Gondrecourt was a miserable one. 
Wooden shacks served as barracks. They were poorly 
heated and lighted, and the places of lecture were sim- 
ilar in all respects. When the weather was warm, the 
outside country was a mud hole, while during cold 
weather the terrain was swept by the most frigid 
winds. It was a five-week course. 

Back in the regiment the tasks laid out there went 
ahead in the most systematic and thorough manner. 
The thirty American and the two French officers were 
busy teaching the remaining old officers and men mod- 
em warfare. Weather conditions were not allowed to 
delay the work ahead. Seven and a half hotu-s of 
drill was the daily schedule. 

A large rifle range had been built out on the Fa- 
veroUes-Rolampont road which served for particular 
instruction, but smaller ranges had been set up for 
the battalions and the Machine Gaa Company. There 
were also grenade pits all about, and each man was 
given practice at hurling the explosives. 



TRAINING UNDER THE FRENCH 87 

Battalion trench layouts were dug with front, sup- 
port and outlined reserve positions. In such the 
proper defense tactics were taught Daily and nightly 
reliefs were practiced. Now and then, in semblance 
of real operations, a body of trench raiders went over 
the front line, penetrated the support, and returned 
with loudly protesting prisoners of the same regiment 
as the men attacking. 

The whole country thereabouts was an area of 
feverish activity. One could see charging men with 
fixed bayonets drive the latter into dummy figures; 
companies made rushes to storm a front line trench, 
while close by hand grenades sailed through the air, 
followed by loud explosions. Chauchat automatic 
rifles fired across the hills, gave forth a roaring fire, 
then came a monody of machine gun fire, while army 
rifles sputtered away on the ranges. 

Defense against gas attacks had great tress laid upon 
it, including the mask adjustments, and numbers of 
men afterwards owed their lives to the quickness with 
which they could put on the protective devices. 

The FaveroUes section during this time, while bit- 
terly cold, was favorable for the training, as the crisp 
atmosphere made the men keep on the jump in order 
to be as warm as possible from exercise, so that the 
Alabamians got splendid results with regard to their 
physical improvement Later, in January and Feb- 
ruary, there were milder days. 

The famous Hotchkiss guns were received by the 
Machine Gun Company on January 8. The officers 
and men at once began in all eagerness to master their 
inanipulation. On January 13 Captain Newman 



88 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Smith, of Montgomery, who had organized the com- 
pany, and six men left for the Divisional Machine Gun 
School at Beauchemin, near Langres, to take a course 
for six weeks. First Lieutenant Charles W. Vander- 
vort, of Carizo Springs, Texas, took six others to a 
similar school at Chanoy. At the two places the men 
from Alabama, under their French military instruc- 
tors, displayed remarkable aptitude. 

The Headquarters Cbmpany found itself with many 
interesting problems to solve. The Stokes, the one- 
potmder, the pionetf , and the signal platoons all re- 
ceived special training. January 13 the Stokes' mor- 
tar platoon, under Lieutenant Evans, hiked nine 
kilometers to the newly organized Divisional School of 
Infantry Specialties at Chanoy. These men also made 
rapid progress and acquired brilliant efficiency. 

In the Inter-Regimental Competitions of the divi- 
sions the 167th's one-pounder platoon won at every 
range. The Stokes' mortar platoon also won every 
contest, and on the third day of the ten-day course 
was sent back as having no need of further instruc- 
tion. With such records it is not surprising that later 
one of these men received a ''Distinguished Service 
Medal" for his briUiant work at Hill 260 in the Ar- 
gonne. 

Lieutenant Johnson, with his pioneer platoon, put 
in good instructional work in the hills surrotmding 
FaveroUes. These men later won unstinted praise 
from higher officers for work in the Lorraine sector. 

Lieutenant Rickett, about the same time, went to 
the Divisional Signal School, where, under French 
military instructors, he learned service communication. 



TRAINING UNDER THE FRENCH 89 

including all the intricacies of liaison methods. There 
he, with the men who went with him, acquired a 
knowledge of telephone systems, ground telegraphy, 
lamp signaling, and wireless telegraphy. 

At this period, too, the regimental intelligence serv- 
ice was organized under Lieutenant Hackett's direc- 
tion. The men were selected for the work and given 
special training in sketching, compass and map read- 
ing, and in observation. Others received preliminary 
instruction in patroling and in the art of concealment 

Colonel Screws also went to school. January 20, in 
company with other regimental commanders, also both 
brigadier-generals of infantry of the "Rainbow," he 
was ordered to the Army School at Langres. There 
he studied the tactical uses of the many trench warfare 
weapons and by practical workings became familiar 
with them. / 

When he returned he at once saw to it that all spe- 
cialty instruction was fully carried out It was due to 
Ccdonel Screws' marked ability as an organizer and 
executive, to say nothing of the manner by which he 
caused his officers and men to worship him, that at 
the end of its training period the 167th United States 
Infantry entered the trenches so well prepared for the 
test to come. 

£>uring the last two wedcs of the regiment's stay in 
the FaveroUes area a part of the 32nd French Infan- 
try aided in the training of the Alabamians. The offi- 
cers and men of the regiment greatly profited by the 
instruction received, and many dose friendships be* 
tween the Frenchmen and the Alabamians came into 
being at this time. 



i 



90 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

In the long months of hard fighting which followed 
many a man of the 167th looked back with pleasure 
on those days spent about Faverolles and recalled the 
exceeding kindness of the people there. An officer of 
the regiment who returned to the place several months 
later found a carefully kept roster of one company 
kept in a cafe, with notations as to those killed or 
wounded. 



LORRAINE FRONT— BACCARAT SECTOR 



■ The line of froat on Jan. 35, 1»1« 



W-I-C 



CHAPTER XV 



INTO THE TRENCHES 



It was once remarked that romance had deserted 
the level battle-ground Mathematical formulas for 
the artillery firing and information from captive bal- 
loons or other air craf { to aid it, together with effective 
screening of positions, was the way an artillery officer 
put modem war. Very little of romance there, of 
course* True, the thunderous charge of cavalrymen 
as a potent factor in fighting, with the glamor and 
thrill accompanying, long ago left war's arena because 
of artillery and machine gun destructiveness. 

Yet, such an idea was ahead of the times, a guess 
in the wrong direction, for the greatest romance of all 
is pictured in the lives of our infantrymen during the 
last four months of the fighting in the "World War," 
and, at the level battle-grotmd. The trenches were 
filled with it jprior to that period, but even then there 
were many htmdreds who realized the day would come 
when the greatest conflict of all the ages would have 
to be fought out atop Mother Earth, and not in the 
trenches or in the air, or even by big guns. 

However, it is February, 1918, at the time of this 
chapter, and our Alabamians, having completed their 
training in the vicinity of Faverolles, are ready to 
enter the trenches. They are tired of plunging bay- 

91 



92 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

onets into dummies and want to take a few jabs at 
the Hun. They believe, too, that they are good marks- 
men — ^thanks to training on the home ranges while in 
the old National Guard — and wish to demonstra^te 
their ability to the kaiser's men. 

By the first week in February an order came to 
store all excess property and to be ready to move. It 
sent a thrill throughout the entire regiment. After 
nineteen months of training the officers and men were 
to get a chance to scrap. It was too good to believe- 
As the records show, after the American forces began 
to take an active part in the war, those from the other 
side, from the training camps in the United States, 
were sent over within two, three, four and six weeks* 
many hundreds at least, and rushed into action. A 
lieutenant told the writer he had in his platoon on one 
occasion as a fight began, nineteen of these men who 
admitted they had never practiced with their rifles. 
Numbers of other officers made similar statements^ 

February 16 the 167th commenced to entrain at 
Rolampont, to which place it had marched. Each bat- 
talion had a separate train, the Headquarters Company 
and the Supply Company another, while still another 
was provided for the brigade headquarters and the 
machine gun companies of the two infantry regiments, 
the 167th and the 168th. The usual small box cars of 
the French railroads were used 

The regiment by this time, having lived or billeted 
in the homes of the French people of the smaller 
towns, had formed the opinion that dirt and filth are 
commonly found in such places. However, in peace 
times the homes are kept quite clean. The trouble 



INTO THE TRENCHES 93 

was, the unfortunate people were simply ''worn out 
with soldiers.'' Who would not be under such circum- 
stances? After the men reached Germany they often 
remarked as to the cleanliness of the people over there 
as compared with the French. But the comparison 
was not fair, of course. 

After a twelve-hour ride in the intense cold, points 
about Baccarat were reached. Some of the troops 
detrained at Baccarat and others at Saint-Q^ent 
By nightfall of February 18 the various destinations 
were accomplished. The regiment's headquarters 
were located at Glonville, also the First Battalion and 
the Supply Company. The other two battalions were 
at Fontenoy and the Machine Gun Company was at 
Badmenil. 

Four days later the First Battalion moved to Brou- 
ville, seven kilometers nearer the line, and on the night 
of February 24 sent its first elements into the trenches. 
They were the first Alabamians to face the Huns — 
that is, as an organization. Individuals from the State 
elsewhere in the army may have been on the line first, 
but these were the first as units. 

From each company two lieutenants, with thirty 
men each, formed their commands in the main street 
of Brouville, snapped out orders to the troops, and 
the detachments went at once to their posts facing 
the enemy. 

Hardly had the regiment settled down on February 
18 when night came on and with it a German plane. 
In the clear moonlight the village presented itself to 
the Htm airman. The only bomb dropped struck about 
300 yards from regimental headquarters. Luckily no 



94 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

damage of any consequence was done. It was the rai- 
ment's first time under fire. 

It was just as Chaplain Emmett P. Smith and Cap- 
tain Robert Joerg, Jr., were about to put cups of co£Fee 
to their lips the next morning that the second bomb 
dropped and crashed into an orchard not more than 
75 yards away. The breakfast party broke up as the 
table tipped over and the beverage spilled on the floor. 
It was a bad place for a preacher. 

The part of the line entered by the two groups pre- 
viously mentioned was in the Luneville sector and 
was laiown as "Sub-sector Ancerviller." It will be 
noticed that to reach this area the 167th traveled 
northeastward from the Faverolles training section. 

The organization for defense consisted of a line of 
combat groups, commonly called "G. C's/' from the 
French "Groupe de Combat." Two of these, with 
their supporting point, called "P. A/' from the French 
"Poste d'Appui," just in the rear, formed a "strong 
point," while two or more of the latter, with a reserve 
position to their rear, formed a "center of resistance," 
called a "G. R." 

Each position was completely surrounded by wire 
entanglements and capable of holding out, theoreti- 
cally, even if cut off from those on its right and left 
Communicating trenches connected the "G. C's," 
which were often four hundred or five hundred yards 

'^^W «•--'' fW^l'^Z^: the 167th French In- 
m the nowes of the French ^ ^^^^ ^^ 

towns, had formed the opinion that v.. jj^^^ ^ 
commonly found in such places. Ho''**--- icomed 
times the homes are kept quite dean. The 



INTO THE TRENCHES 95 

the Alabamians, and the training the latter received 
iMrith the ''poilus^' was extremely thorough and valu- 
able. After a while the men of the 167th United 
States Infantry acquired some little conversational 
power in the French tongue, which enabled the troops 
of the two nations to better understand each other. 

On February 28 the Alabama regiment completely 
relieved the French in the regimental sector. At that 
time the four companies of the First Battalion left 
Brouville for the trenches. 

There were six "G. CV in the sector, numbered 
from right to left 5 to 10, inclusive. The assignments 
were as foUows: **D'* Company, 5 and 6; "B** Com- 
pany, 7 and 8; '*C' Company, 9 and 10. Company 
''A'' was in support in the town of Ancerviller. Ma- 
jor Carroirs "P. C.** (post of command) was in the 
town and that of Colonel Screws' was at Hablainville. 
According to French practice, the 167th United 
States Infantry's machine gun company took over the 
machine gun emplacements (me day after the infantry 
relief just mentioned. The divisional artillery of the 
American forces, too, had gone in alongside the French 
batteries and soon began pounding away at German 
positions across "No Man's Land." The Huns at 
once felt that something had happened, and what had 
been a ''quiet" sector became one of considerable 
activity. 



CHAPTER XVI 

STARTING SOMETHING 

Dugouts in the sector were not very strong, nor 
were they large enough to comfortably accommodate 
the Americans. The latter employed two or three 
times as many soldiers in the sector as the French 
ordinarily used to hold it ''Starting something^' was, 
therefore, a risky business. But who can keep an 
Alabamian from trying his trusty rifle? So, though 
the Huns were a great distance off and only a few were 
to be seen, the Springfields and machine guns of our 
men kept up a racket right along. 

Hence the "Boches" began to "cut loose." Each 
American **G. C** was a target, but it apptered that 
numbers 7 and 10 were getting more attention from 
the enemy than the others. In number 10 a shell 
struck an automatic rifle post and killed two men. 

Then there were the gas alarms. All training previ- 
ously received by the men seemed to^have been with 
the purpose of scaring them as much as possible. Each 
man held the belief that the slightest breath of gas 
would prove fatal. As a consequence, from one to five 
gas alarms were turned in each night A nervous 
sentry would feel faint and at once jump for the 

96 



STARTING SOMETHING 97 

'IQaxon'' horn to signal the others, whereupon the 
tooting would be sounded from a dozen other alarm 
stations and green rockets galore would fly skyward. 

Patrol work offered much excitement First Lieu- 
tenant Lewis R. Morgan, later a captsun, took out the 
first American patrol in the sector. Hius did he start 
that dare-devil work in '*No Man's Land*' for which 
the Alabamians afterwards became so noted Each 
night "liaison patrols" circulated between the "G. C's.*' 

On the night of March 4 the First Battalion made 
the capture of America's first prisoners of war, all her 
own, without assistance from Allied troops. At eleven 
o'clock a patrol left "G. C No. 5'' to go to "G. C. No. 
6." Contrary to custom, but because they were eager 
to undertake it, noncommissioned officers alone com- 
posed the patrol. Sergeant Vamer Hall, of Birming- 
ham, a member of "D" Company, was in charge. The 
other members were Sergeant James H. West, of 
Hokes Bluff, Company *T" ; Corporal Homer Whited, 
of Bessemer, Company '*D" ; Corporal E. H. Freeman, 
of Montevallo, 0:)mpany "D,** and Corporal Amos 
Teske, of Coal Valley, Company "D." 

Fifty yards out from "G. C No. 6" Sergeant Hall, 
leading the party, suddenly came upon nine men in the 
same trench. In the darkness he could not make out 
who they were, so he challenged but received no 
answer. The leading German lunged at the sergeant, 
whereupon the latter fired and wounded the intruder 
in the stomach. Then the Huns scrambled up out of 
the trench, yelling as they did so, and, running along 
its top sides, surrounded the Alabamians. A sharp 
fight followed in which another German was wounded 



98 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

before the enemy ran to the opening in the wire to 
make their escape* 

The big Hun shot by Sergeant Hall, as if crazed by 
the pain from the wound, leapt into the trench and 
dove at him. Hall, as he fired at the other Germans, 
threw the man down and Corporal Whited grappled 
with the ''Boche,'' striking him over the head with his 
pistol butt 

As the two men swayed to and fro Corporal Free- 
man, being unable to distinguish between them there 
in the dark, asked: ''Which is you. Homer?" The 
latter replied as the corporal held a hand over his 
mouth, and then it was that Freeman shot the Hun 
again. The patrol then returned to "G. C No, S" with 
the prisoner in charge. 

About an hour later the shouts of a German calling 
for water were heard by the men in "G. C. No. 6." 
Fearing a ruse. First Lieutenant Shelby V. Gamble, of 
Lanar, Colorado, an officer of Company "D," headed 
a strong patrol. Out there the wotmded Htm, a leg 
broken and himself caught in the wire, was captured. 

The two prisoners were from the 77th Bavarian 
Regiment, and the French general conunanding in 
the sector, the Fourth French Army Corps awarded 
the "Croix de Guerre'* to each of the members of the 
patrol. The latter were later presented with the "Dis- 
tinguished Service Cross" by the American Army. It 
was the first hand-to-hand encotmter between the Ala- 
bamians and the troops of the kaiser and in it the 
Americans won. 

The morning of March 5 the enemy attempted a 
raid on the 168th United States Infantry. The lowans 



STARTING SOMETHING 99 

sent the Huns reeling backward to the latter's lines. 
Now the enemy was fully aware of the fact that he 
was facing American troops. His failures exasper- 
ated him. Too» he realized that his submarines had 
failed in keeping United States soldiers away from 
the battle-front 

The previous night half-platoons from the Second 
Battalion entered the trenches. They went in as large 
reconnoitering parties, preceding the relief, which was 
made the night of March 6. The relief passed off 
without harmful consequences. 

At the time the men were equipped with both 
French and English gas masks. Ctei this occasion, as 
an alarm, instead of the lone green signal, three rockets 
went up at one time. One man, nmning excitedly out 
of his dugout, cried: 'Three kinds of gas and only two 
kinds of masks — ^we'll all be killed 1"" 

During the tour of the Second Battalion the Ger- 
man artillery fire became more severe. The shelling 
of the town of Axicerviller, in particular, increased and 
a direct hit was made on billet No. 27, in which Lieu- 
tenant Edmund P. Glover, intelligence officer of the 
battalion, was at work. He was wotmded severely by 
shell fragments and was sent to the hospital. Reports 
said that he was doing nicely, but diphtheria set in, and, 
already much weakened by the loss of blood, he died. 
He was the first officer of the regiment to die in 
France. 

March 13 the Third Battalion relieved the Second 
and, in turn, took over the sector for ei'ght days. After 
the relief of the First Battalion the latter moved to 
Glonville, the Second going to Brouville in support 



uuuf;.At» 



»» 



»f 



100 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

The First now returned to Brouville and the Second 
went to Glonville. Regimental headquarters remained 
at Hablainville throughout the 167th's stay in the 
sector. 

During the time the Third Battalion was in the 
trenches the German shelling became constantly heav- 
ier, and now and then bursts of machine gun fire 
swept the trenches. Private Martin, of G^mpany *% 
was killed in "G. C. No. 6" by shell fire. 

All of the battalions were supported by the "37's 
and the Stokes' mortar gunners of the Headquarters 
Company. The 167th's machine gun company was re- 
lieved by a company of the 151st Machine Gun Bat- 
talion one day after the relief of the First Battalion. 

The Supply Company, located at Glonville, drew 
rations at Baccarat and hauled them to Glonville, and 
at the latter place the battalions received them. To 
reach Companies "A,** "B" and "D" the rations were 
transferred at Montigny to a flat car and the latter 
was pulled by a mule over a narrow-gauge railway. 
Rations for Company "C" were taken by wagon direct 
to its kitchen in rear of "G. C. No. 10." The knowl- 
edge gained here by the Supply Company in rationing 
the front line proved invaluable to the regiment later 
on and showed at that time how thoroughly the lessons 
had been learned by Captain J. Miles Smith, of Mont- 
gomery, his officers and men. 

As each battalion returned from the trenches to 
Glonville, the regimental band met the separate pla- 
toons and escorted each to town. The good people 
of that place, at such times, gathered on the streets 
to welcome the Alabamians, the latter marching 



STARTING SOMETHING 101 

proudly by with their heads set high. They had been 
ia the trenches — had done their **bW — and it was 
proper that they should fed proud of themselves. 

The Third Battalion was relieved by the French 
Inarch 21 and went to Brouville for the night The 
next day the entire r^ment began its March to the 
Dame Rumor had it» for more training. 



104 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE. 

named point with a battalion in support at Vacque- 
ville. The sector occupied was known as '^Baccarat 
Sector, Sub-sector Vacqueville." 

In such a hurry were the "Frogs" to get oflF to the 
big oflFensive they only said, to the Alabamians: "Nous 
sonunes ici; Boches, la-bas. Au revoir!" meaning 
"We are here ; the 'Boches/ over there. So long !** 

That night the "Rainbow" took over for the first 
time an entire divisional sector. It was the first Amer- 
ican division so honored. In making the relief, be it 
said, the division and the regiment did their first real 
service for France, as previous to that time, the Ala- 
bama officers say, they had been a burden to the 
French who were instructing them. 

April 6 the various Alabama units were shifted 
slightly. There had been too many troops in the front 
line, so that the First Battalion, with two companies, 
took over the entire front, the Second Battalion being 
sent back into the reserve with the Third in support 
Regimental headquarters were removed to Vacqueville. 

After that the trench life was the same, one battalion 
in line eight days, then to reserve eight days, and later 
eight days in support. The support battalion was at 
Vacqueville, with the reserve battalion in three differ- 
ent places — at Barbette Cottage, Les Carrieres and 
Xermamont. As the sector was a "quiet" one, it was 
seldom that any event of importance happened. Such 
as are of interest were as follows: 

April 13 several officers were sent to the 32nd Di- 
vision as instructors in specialties. They praised the 
soldierly qualities of the newly arrived forces from 
Michigan and Wisconsin. It was another National 



SECOND TRIP TO LORRAINE 106 

Gtmrd division, and on its way from the Texas train- 
ing camp to overseas duty had passed through Mont- 
gomery. 

The night of April 13-14 First Lieutenant Shelby 
V. Gamble, afterwards a captain, with Second Lieu- 
tenant Dick B. Breeding and Second Lieutenant George 
W. Berriman, went into the Salient du Feys, to a 
cross-road in the German lines. Upon being halted by 
a ''"Boche" sentinel; they fired at him and threw hand 
grenades into an occupied dugout near by. 

The morning of April 17 the regiment had two of 
its men captured by the enemy. In the thick woods 
there was a day observation post, and when the men 
from Company *T*' went through the trench to man 
it they were ambushed by a patrol of 14 Huns. It 
was in the early morning, and the enemy threw hand 
grenades, wounding all but one of the soldiers. The 
two most severely wounded were captured. 

Large quantities of French artillery, both light and 
heavy, reached the sector May 1 and began a terrific 
shellmg of the German lines opposite and in the Grand 
Bois. It was in preparation for a raid to be made by 
the 166th United States Infantry through the sector 
held by the 167th. 

May 2 the artillery threw over more than 20,000 
shells, and at four o'clock the morning of the 3rd two 
companies o/ Ohioans went *'over the top." Although 
they penetrated to the enemy's fourth line trenches 
no prisoners were taken, the Huns having withdrawn. 

The night of May 3-4 Second Lieutenant Alton P. 
Woods, of Company "F," having been mortally 
wounded while out on a patrol, died in the evacuation 



106 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

hospital at Baccarat He had an enviable reputation 
as a patrol leader. He was trying to capture a pris- 
oner in order to get information for the Allied High 
Command. 

May 21 the officers who had been sent as instructors 
to the 32nd Division returned. They expressed them- 
selves as having been ro3rally treated by the other 
division. 

The night of May 25-26 Second Lieutenant Stephen 
W. Harris, Company "C/* with a patrol of twenty 
men, ran into a strong enemy patrol, which he drove 
off and inflicted losses among the "Boches." The Ala- 
bamians had no casualties. 

On that same night about twelve o^dock the Huns 
put over a heavy projector gas attack on the lowans. 
accompanied by a terrific bombardment The casual^ 
ties of the 168th were numerous as the gas was very 
dense. 

At midnight May 28-29 there came a second pro- 
jector gas attack accompanied by an unsuccessful raid 
on Iowa's front lines. The enemy seemed to have a 
spite against the 168th Infantry. 

Although nothing of great moment had taken place 
on the Alabamians' front, the early morning of June 
6 was an unusually active time. First, on the left the 
enemy tried a raid and used heavy artillery and minen- 
werfer fire, followed by another projector gas attack 
on the right, but the latter was directed at the French 
farther down the line. 

On the night of Jime 18-19 the First Battalion and 
the other troops in the forward positions of the regi- 
mental sector got their first real heavy artillery bom- 



SECOND TRIP TO LORRAINE 107 

bardment. During the shelling, from 6:30 p. nu to 
7:45 p. m. and from 3:00 a. m. to 3:30 a. ra., several 
men were killed and many wounded. Captain Fletcher 
K Haley, of Company "A," was badly gassed. Cap- 
tain James Y. Hamil, of the Medical Detachment, 
although considerably gassed, continued to give first- 
aid to the wounded throughout the night, and refused 
to go to the hospital until every one had been treated. 

The Second and Third Battalions marched through 
Baccarat the night of June 18-19. Two companies of 
the Second went to Nossoncourt and two to Angle- 
mont The Third billeted at Menil-Rambervillers. 
The following night the Second went to Badmenil and 
the Third to Padoux. During the night of June 20- 
21 the First Battalion was relieved from the front 
Jine by the 307th United States Infantry and some 
French infantry. The First then moved from Vacque- 
ville to Vaxoncourt 

The regiment had now finished its second tour of 
duty on the Lorraine front, in that section of France 
known as the Department of the Meurthe-et-Mozelle. 
The Meurthe and the Mozelle are rivers running 
through picturesque valleys. Many forests abound. 
The climate is harsh, and variable, but fairly dry. 
Snow seldom begins before November, and it may 
still be seen on the ground in April. The country is 
fairly hilly. 



CHAPTER XVIII 

THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 

Regarding the Rainbow Division, a story in 'Hlie 
Stars and Stripes,'' of Paris, the official organ of the 
American Expeditionary Forces, appeared under date 
of January 24, 1919, reading in part as follows: 

'The organization whose cosmopolitan character 
has made it more famous as the 'Rainbow' Division 
than as the 42nd came into battle, in the collapsing 
Mame salient fresh from a test of fortitude in de- 
fensive warfare endured at the same time as that of 
the 3rd Division, but with marked difference in detaiL 

"Far separated from other American divisions, on 
July 15, 1918, it was receiving the finishing touches 
necessary to fit it as a combat division in General 
Gouraud's Fourth Army about 30 kilometers east of 
Reims, in that vast plain of the Champagne, which 
for leagues in every direction was furrowed with the 
trenches and cobwebbed with the barbed wire of nearly 
four years of trench warfare. 

"The commander of the division, Major General 
Qiarles T. Menoher, had under him Brigadier General 
Michael J. Lenihan's 83rd Infantry Brigade, the 165th 
Infantry (from New York) and the 166th Infantry 
(Ohio) ; Brigadier General Robert A. Brown's 84th 
Infantry Brigade, the 167th Infantry (Alabama) and 

106 



CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 
JULY 15, 1918 



If 



Ui- ' .^ 



THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 109 

the 168th Infantry (Iowa) ; Brigadier General George 
A. Gatley's 67th Field Artillery Brigade, the 149th, 
150th and 151st Field Artillery (respectively from Illi- 
nois, Indiana, and Minnesota); the 117th Engineers 
(South Girolina and California), and auxiliary or- 
ganizations, which made the division representative by 
tmits of a total of 26 states. 

"This truly comprehensive body of American troops 
was occupying the intermediate and second positions 
in the sector lying, roughly, between Auberive-sur- 
Suippe, on the west, and Perthes-les-Hurlus, on the 
east, with the famous Roman road traversing the 
length of it and the vast Camp de Chalons, a maneu- 
vering ground of the French Army before the war, in 
its rear. The front and most of the intermediate line 
were held by the 170th French Division in the left 
half of the sector and by the 13th French Division in 
the right half. 

"General Gouraud, like the other army commanders 
along the front, had ample warning of the impending 
attack by the Germans, and prepared a surprise for 
them in the form of an 'elastic defense/ in which, hav- 
ing a tremendous depth of elaborate trenches behind 
him, he retired all his troops of the front line, except 
dela3ring detachments, and massed them for resistance 
on the intermediate line, from which, if too hard 
pressed, they could again retire to the still stronger 
second line. 

"The results were, when the blow fell the enemy 
wasted much of his long prelimifaary bombardment 
on the lightly held front line, after which the three 
attacking divisions, rushing upon it at 4:15 a. m., were 



110 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

» 

held up long enough by the dela^ng detachments to 
suffer severely from the French and American counter- 
attacks, to lose their impetus, and to arrive before the 
real combat positions only at about 7 a. m. 

"Here, however, they made manful efforts to storm 
the lines held by the French and three battalions of 
the 42nd Division. But their attacks, repeated often 
and furiously, were of no avail. 

"During the afternoon of July IS two and a half 
more battalions of the 42nd were advanced into the 
intermediate position. But, though there was a gen- 
eral attack by the Hun that evening and several local 
attacks the next day, during which his barrage was 
extremely violent, his force was shattered. By July 
18 he was making no further efforts, and the next day 
started withdrawing his decimated legions/' 

The writer failed to stress the great importance of 
the repulsion of the enemy's Champagne drive. The 
battle was not only a decisive victory for the Allies, 
but it may be called one of the big turning points of 
history. 

On July 15 the kaiser's telephone bell rang and he 
was informed that an attack by some fifteen of his 
best assault divisions, supported by ten others, had 
miserably failed. He knew, too, that day that the 
long series of offensives his army had staged, which 
were biting off French territory little by little, and 
then were threatening Paris, and which in otie fell 
swoop were to take in Reims, Qialons and Epemay, 
had come to a halt. The fact is, old Bill realized that 
from then on the Allied High Command would push 
its own telling offensives to his ruination. General 



THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 111 

Gouraud himself, after that battle^ received a telegram 
from Marshal Foch, previously referred to» and the 
world knows the rest 

Numerous reconnaissances by aviators showed the 
possibility of a vast offensive on the Champagne front. 
The line ran, with few irregularities, due east and 
west for a distance of one hundred kilometers, with 
the great Verdun at the right or eastern end, and 
Reims at the left or western end. On the right end 
the line running north of Verdun dropped sharply 
down on the eastern side of the, town, ninning almost 
due south as far as St Mihiel, where it again bore 
eastward. On the left end the situation was reversed, 
making an almost symmetrical figure. 

By June 11, 1918, the Huns had pushed in a power- 
ful salient as far south as Chateau-Thierry, so that the 
line running just north of Reims took a sudden drop 
towards the south on the western side of the city. 

It was, therefore, quite obvious that a wedge driven 
in between Verdun and Reims, and then widened, 
would seriously endanger the safety of both places, the 
pinions on which the whole line appeared to be hung. 
Having taken Reims, which city they sought to en- 
circle, they would have destroyed the barrier to Paris. 

The Prussians had taken Reims in the War of 1870, 
and according to Monsieur E. Saillens, in his 'Tacts 
About France,*' this is what was done, after 1871, by 
Sere^de Rivieres, Director of Engineering in the 
French War Office: 

'Trom the Jura to the Ardennes, he built two lines 
of defenses. The first was a line of forts connecting 
the great fortresses of Belfort, Epinal, Toul, Verdun. 



112 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

The second line runs between and includes Besan^oo* 
Dijon, Langres, Reims. It is worth noting that none 
of those places has been taken ; the Germans thought 
them so strong that they violated Belgium rather than 
attempt to break through them.'' 

In support of the preceding remarks as to the im- 
portance of the battle, from the "'Almanach Trimes- 
triel de la 4' Armee," for the last quarter of 1918, I 
quote: 

La Bataille db Champagne 
(15 Juillet 1918) 

La date du 15 juillet 1918 sera sans conteste Tune 
des plus marquantes de ces longues annees de guerre 
C'est d'abord la date d'une grande victoire, la victoire 
de Champagne, ou quinze divisions allemandes, la 
plupart d'elite, ont vu, apres une joumee de combat 
achame qui atteignit Textreme limite de la violence, 
leur elan se briser net devant la magnifique resistance 
de la 4^ Armee; c'est aussi et surtout la date d'une 
joumee qui constitute a proprement parler un 'Hour- 
nant de Thistoire," parce qu'elle permit au commande- 
ment fran9ais de reprendre,*par le succes, Tinitiative 
des operations qui lui echappait depuis la debacle russe 
et d'inaugurer, a la face du monde emerveille, une 
longue serie de victoires qui autorise toutes les esper- 
ances. 

Les admirables soldats de la 4^ Armee, qui sont les 
artisans multiples et modestes de cette grande oeuvre, 
♦^rouveront ici avec plaisir des renseignements qui leur 

f roiu?ttront d'avoir une idee d'ensemble sur la bataille 

its own I. 



THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 113 

et sur Tetendue de la defaite quails ont infligee aux 
armees allemandes. 



I. — PrSliminaires de la bataille 

Dans le courant de juin, les reconnaissances nom- 
breuses et precises executees inlassablement par Tavia- 
tion permettent de conclure avec certitude a la possi-- 
bilite d'une vaste offensive sur le front de Champagne. 
Pour se rendre compte des intentions de Tennemi, le 
general commandant I'Armde prescrit a Taviation de 
poursuivre ses reconnaissances et ses missions photo- 
graphiques; il donne en outre Tordre d'executer des 
coups de main sur tout le front; chactm comprend 
Timperieuse necessite de f aire des prisonniers ; aussi, de 
nombreux et f ructueux coups de main sont-ils executes 
avec extremement d'ardeur et d'entrain entre le 28 
juin et le 14 juillet. 

C'est d'abord le 215* regiment d'Infanterie qui fait 
le 28 juin des prisonniers de la 228^ division dans la 
region de la Galoche; ces prisonniers donnent le pre- 
mier avertissement en declarant qu'ime attaque est im- 
minente sur le front de Champagne, mais sans qu'il 
soit possible d'en fixer les limites et la date. Succes- 
sivement le 109* et le 27* regiment d'Infanterie rame- 
nent des prisonniers. Le 6 juillet, des coups de main 
executes par des detachements du 158% du 116* et du 
95*, ramenent 13 prisonniers appartenant a quatre di- 
visions en secteur. Ces prisonniers confirment les pro- 
jets d'attaque. 

Le 7 juillet, le general commandant Tarmee, dans son 
"Ordre aux soldats fran9ais et americains de la 4* 



114 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Artnee/' annonce aux troupes rimminence de la 
bataiHe : 

ORDRE 

Nous pouvons etre attaques d'un moment a Tautre. 
Vous sentez tous que jamais bataille defensive n'aura 
ete engagee dans des conditions plus f avorables I Nous 
sommes prevenus et nous sommes sur nos gardes. 
Nous sommes puissamment renforces en artillerie et 
en infanterie. Vous combattrez sur tm terrain que 
vous avez transforme par votre travail opiniatre en 
forteresse redoutable, en forteresse invincible si tous 
les passages en sont bien gardes. Le bombardement 
sera terrible, vous le supporterez sans f aiblir ; Tassaut 
sera rude dans des nuages de poussiere, de fumee et 
de gaz; mais votre position et votre armement sont 
formidables. Dans vos poitrines battent des coeurs 
braves et forts dTiommes libres. Personne ne rc- 
gardera en arriere; personne ne reculera d'tm pas. 
Chacun n'aura qu'une pensee: en tuer, en tuer beau- 
coup, jusqu'a ce qu'ils en aient assez. Et c'est pour- 
quoi votre general vous dit: "Cet assaut, vous le bri- 
"serez, et ce sera un beau jour/' GouRAxn). 

(It will be noted the French authorities admit that 
the success in stopping the Germans enabled the Allied 
Forces to resume the offensive they had to abandon 
after the Russian collapse.) 

But, to further consider the situation at the Cham> 
pagne and to tell of events there at the time: 

Almost bisecting the line, at right angles to it, is the 
•'Route Nationale,*' from Nevers to Sedan. Suippes^ 



THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 115 

a small town on that road, was about nine kilo- 
meters from the front line positions. Six kilometers 
north of Suippes, on the same route, was the town of 
Souain. The whole region north of Suippes is a vast 
chalk land. 

Just north of Souain, about two thousand to three 
thousand yards from the front line, ran the inter- 
mediary position, a system of trenches originally the 
German front line, dug by the enemy and taken from 
him in 1915 by the French, but which had not been 
used for some time. 

Into that position, on July 5, 1918, at night, moved 
the Second Battalion and the Machine Gun Company 
of the 167th United States Infantry. The First Bat- 
talion and the Third Battalion took over reserve posi- 
tions three or four kilometers north of Suippes. 

June 22 had found the regiment at rest, it having 
just come out of the Lorraine sector. Officers were 
assembled and instructions given as to entraining and 
detraining. The destination was not divulged, and at 
once* rumors arose suggesting rest billets, leaves of 
absence and the like. 

That day at noon the Machine Gun Company en- 
trained at Thaon. The First Battalion got away the 
afternoon of the 23rd, and that midnight the Second 
Battalion boarded cars. The early morning of the 
24th saw the Third Battalion leaving. Speculation 
was rife as to destinations, but they later proved to 
be as follows: First, the train stopped at Vitry-la- 
Ville and marches were made from there. Regimental 
headquarters, the Supply Company and the Machine 
Gun Company went to St.-Martin-aux-Champs ; the 



116 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

First Battalion to Cheppes, the Second to Songj.i 
the Third to Pringy. 

For the next few days all-day drills was the 
gram, ration carts taking meals to the companies. 
looked like a stay for some time was probaUe, but 
afternoon orders were received to be prepared to 
Soon thereafter the regiment began a march of 
thirty kilometers, at the end of which the First 
talion spent the day in Recy ; the Second in St. Gibri« 
and the Third in Fagnieres, with the regimental ht 
quarters, the Machine Gun Company and the Su] 
Company in Compertrix. All are in the vicinity 
Chalons. 

That night started another hike of about tweflt}"! 
eight kilometers. This time the First and the Second 
went to the Camp de la Noblette, one of the many 
which make up the Camp de Chalons ; the Third to La 
Cheppe northeast of the first named site, and regi- 
mental headquarters, the Machine Gun Company and 
the Supply Company went to Bussy-le-Chateau. All 
are slightly northeast of Chalons and towards Suippes. 

Training was at once resumed, but instead of close- 
order drills the program called for open warfare 
assault problems and rehearsals for an attack which it 
was later learned the division was to make in conjunc- 
tion with three French divisions. 

July 2 the officers of the "Rainbow" were invited 
to see a demonstration of the use of small tanks ir 
attack. At the close of the performance a Frencl; 
general, who had been named to command the corps 
in which the "Rainbow" was to serve during the 
attack said: "The day after tomorrow being your 



JY^, THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 117 



n.'^'^^deace Day, W€ will all celebrate it by working 
■^^"^^^^'ier than usual"' Nevertheless, on the third, a 
aorandum was sent around saying that on July 
^'^uth there would be no work and that breakfast 
' "^^ild be later than usual. 

^P^'^rhe memorandum proved to be correct, but not 
prep.jjp^y as intended. The previous night at eleven 
a ^'^lock orders were received to get ready to move im- 
^^^^diatdy. It was long after daylight on the Fourth 
^^'-fore the companies reached their destinations, so 
F-at breakfast that day was really late. The rest of 
l^^^'^ie day was spent in sleep. The First Battalion, regi- 
'^^^lental headquarters and the Supply G>mpany had 
aoved to Suippes, the Second was in camp just west 
'^- >f the place, and the Third and the Machine Gtm Com- 
'^lany in camps north of it 

^'' As soon as dark came the regiment moved again. 
'^ The First Battalion and the Third moved into that 
-'part of the support line they were to occupy, and the 
^' Second spent the day in the Camp des Abris Roques, 

moving into the intermediate position that night 
^ General Gouraud's Fourth French Army was com- 
• posed of the 4th, the 21st and the 8th Army Corps. 
He was, at the beginning of the war, one of France's 
youngest generals. In the 21st Corps, commanded by 
General Naulin, were the 170th, the 43rd and the 13th 
French Divisions, and under him the ''Rainbow" also 
served. 

\ The 167th United States Infantry, however, was 
attached to the 13th French Division under General de 
.Bouillon. Companies "E" and "F" were assigned to 
(the Second and First Battalions, respectively, of the 



118 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

109th French Infantry, a re^ment with a long list of 
battles to its credit, and already wearing the 'Tour- 
ragere" with the colors of the "Croix de Guerre." 
Since then it has added to its laurels and now wears 
the "Fourragcre" with the colors of the "Medaille 
Militaire." The 167th's Machine Gun Company was 
placed with the Machine Gun Company of the French 
regiment Companies "G" and "H" of the Alabama 
organization were sent to the Third and First Bat- 
talions, respectively, of the 21st French Infantry, the 
latter not less famous than the 109th. 

Regimental headquarters were at Camp Poggi, on 
the Nevers-Sedan Highway, halfway between Souain 
and Suippes. Captain Everette H. Jackson, of Mont- 
gomery, later a major, who had taken command of the 
Second Battalion when Major Hartley A. Moon, of 
Birmingham, went to the hospital from the Lorraine 
front, due to a broken arm, had his "P.C" in the dug- 
out of Lieut.«Colonel Randier, then commanding the 
109th French Infantry. 

The scheme of defense of this sector was as follows: 
Three individual and distinct series of trenches — the 
first position (or front line) ; the intermediate, and 
the second, each organized as a frontline, capable of 
offering resistance, and with supporting elements to 
counterattack should the advance trenches of each 
position be taken. In front of the first position was a 
line of lightly held outposts for observation purposes. 

The intermediate position lay about 2,000 yards be- 
hind the first. It had once been, as previoudy stated, 
the German front line. The second position lay about 
2,500 yards behind the intermediate. It was into this 



THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 119 

that the First and Third Battalions of the Alabama 
regiment moved, the First on the right of the Nevers- 
Sedan road and the Third on the left 

The intermediate position, previously referred to 
as that occupied in part by the Second Battalion and 
Machine Gun Company, was the one on which the 
Allied High Command depended, the line to be held 
at all costs. The first position was only lightly held ; 
and, as the time for the German attack seemed to draw 
near, more troops were taken out of it, until finally 
only a few observation and covering patrols were left 
out there. 

July 7 General Gouraud, as may be read in the 
French text already quoted, announced the imminence 
of a battle in the following order : 

"We may be attacked from one moment to another. 
You feel, every one of you, that a defensive battle 
has never been or never shall be waged under more 
favorable conditions. We are forewarned and we are 
on the lookout. We are strongly supported by artil- 
lery and infantry. You will fight on a terrain which 
you have transformed by your unceasing toil into a 
redoubtable fortress — ^a fortress invincible if all its 
approaches are well guarded. 

*'The bombardment will be terrible — ^you will bear 
it without flinching. The assault will be fierce — in 
clouds of dust, of smoke and of gas. But your posi- 
tion and your armament are formidable. In your 
bosoms beat the hearts, brave and strong, of free men. 

"No one will glance back; no one will retreat a 
single step. Every one will have but one thought — 
to kill, to kill many of them, until they have had 



120 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

enough, and that is why your general tells you^ t!his 
assault you will break up, and it will be a glorious 
dayr 

In spite of the approaching storm the sector was 
extraordinarily calm. Never in the Lorraine had the 
enemy been so quiet — not a single plane in the sky, not 
a balloon. As a "doughboy" put it, 'This place didn't 
seem like war; it was almost like a rest camp/' Only 
once during the period preceding the mighty attack 
did the Huns do any real firing, and that was on the 
front line positions in retaliation for a heavy bom- 
bardment the FreiKh had put down on the enemy's 
front line. The quiet was uncanny, and it was always 
a relief when the French or American artillery 
"straffed" the "Boches." 

All day long the men were confined to the narrow 
limits of their "G. C," and it was absolutely forbidden, 
especially in the intermediate position, to show one's 
head above the parapet During the night work was 
done on the trenches, but only as little visible labor as 
was necessary. No new trenches were constructed in 
the intermediate position which would draw the atten- 
tion of the enemy. 

It was the hope of the High Command that by keep- 
ing the men out of sight and by not causing diem to 
do new work, the enemy would believe the original 
front line was still the line of resistance and conse- 
quently launch his attack against an empty position. 

At first the kitchens were near the line, but as it 
became evident that the day for the attack was ap- 
proaching they were withdrawn and rations were sent 
up at night in carts. The Machine Gun Company was 



THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 121 

rationed through the French, something the Alaba* 
mians enjoyed — ^not only because the meals reached 
them more regularly, but for the reason that "vin 
rouge" was a part of the French issue. The officers 
messed with the French officers of the battalion to 
which they were attached, and in spite of the difference 
in language many a warm friendship resulted, and 
often the ^Americans learned much of value during 
conversations held after meals. 

On the tenth of July some prisoners captured by the 
French gave the first precise information. It was 
learned from them that the attack was to include the 
whole area occupied by the Fourth French Army and 
was to take place either the 14th or the 15th of July* 
From then on the "alert" was practiced every night. 
The barrage lines were carefully prepared and an 
elaborate system of signals was rehearsed. The troops 
in the front line were slowly withdrawn until only a 
few isolated groups remained. In the rear dense 
masses of artillery were arranged. It was all planned 
to make a "hell on earth" for the "Boches" when they 
should appear — "to kill, to kill many of them tintil 
they have had enough." 

This, then, was the arrangement of the troops the 
afternoon of July 14: in the front line, a few isolated 
groups ; in the intermediate line, a very strong line of 
resistance both as to men and armament. Company 
"F" (Alabama) was to the left of the Nevers-Sedan 
road with three "G. C's." in the front line and three 
others in support; the left "G. C." on the Boyau de 
Lyon and the right on the Boyau Grenoble, the latter 
running right next to and parallel to the Nevers- 



122 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Sedan road. From the left "G. C" there was a pretty 
fair field of fire, but from the right "G. C" a rise in 
the ground prevented one seeing more than a hundred 
yards. 

Northeast of Souain was Company "E," while 
farther to the right were Companies "G" and "H" in 
support of the intermediate position. In front of 
them were the French. Here the position was the 
front slope of a gentle rise. Two kilometers in front 
the ground rose more abruptly to the Butte de Souain. 
The plain was dotted here and there with small, thickly 
planted pine trees. 

The third platoon of the Machine Gun Company 
was with Company 'T" on the left; the first platoon 
on the right of "E," and the second platoon on the 
right and partly behind "E" to protect the flanks where 
the line curved slightly towards the south. 

The evening of July 13 all had been warned that 
the next day would probably witness the Hun attack, 
but when the morning of the 14th broke bright and 
clear without the enemy having fired a shot all night 
long, both the French and the Americans united in 
celebrating the French National Day, and many a 
toast was drtmk to Presidents Wilson and Poincare, to 
Marshal Foch, and to Generals Pershing and Gouraud. 

During the evening of July 14 the Allied artillery 
fired heavily on the German positions. From the Hun 
lines more planes were going up than usual, indicating 
a certain nervousness over there. At half past eleven 
the order was sent around that the attack was about 
to take place and all were instructed to take every 
precaution. 



THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 123 

Shortly after that the fire of the Allied artillery in- 
creased greatly; new batteries springing up where 
none were before, and the whole horizon was soon a 
continuous blaze of flashes, leaping^ and dancing to the 
accompaniment of an unceasing roar in which it was 
impossible to pick out the separate detonations. 

At midnight the first German shells screeched over- 
head, and soon the whole sky to the north was also a 
mass of leaping fire. All about shells exploded, crash- 
ing down trees and caving in trenches, scattering their 
jagged, whining pieces in all directions. Incendiary 
shells detonated with a wicked burst of fire like the 
flames of hell, filling the trenches with awful, choking 
fumes and setting ablaze the woodwork and boxes of 
ammunition. 

An Alabama "doughboy** said regarding the Ger- 
man gunfire: 

"On the 14th of July, 12 o'clock in the night, real 
war began. The Germans opened up with the most 
terrible bombardment ever witnessed. It was a dark 
night when the 'Boches' opened up with those gims, 
thousands of them, and they lighted the earth every- 
where. The shelling was so fast it sounded like thun- 
der in a mighty storm. It was a solid roar the rest of 
the night." 

Soon the light shelters of the French just north 
of Souain, in which were stored rations, ammunition 
and equipment, were brilliantly afire, and into this 
furnace tihe enemy rained down tons of projectiles, 
making any rescue work utterly impossible and the 
trenches near the buildings altogether untenable. 

All along .the line eager sentries peered into space 



124 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

watching ior the dim, lurking figures, half seen 
against the flashing horizon, which would tell them of 
the oncoming hordes. Countless signals arose from 
the front lines, sent up by the heroic groups out there 
whose mission it was to tell of the progress of the 
attack. Machine guns let loose bursts of fire towards 
the enemy, intermittently hurling thousands of steel- 
jacketed bullets into the space in front — "'to kill, to 
kill many of them until they have had enough." 

As the day began to break the battle-field appeared 
enveloped in vast clouds of billowing dust, smoke and 
gas. The ground around the front lines was tossed 
about by the repeated explosions like the sea in a 
storm. As it grew brighter observation balloons were 
seen hanging in space high above that seething cal- 
dron of death below and advancing towards the Allied 
trenches according to a prearranged schedule. 

The enemy's assaulting waves were first seen as they 
came down the forward slope of the Butte de Souain 
in front of the 21st French Infantry. There they ad- 
vanced supported by tanks. Machine guns placed on 
the crest of the hill fired an overhead barrage on the 
front lines of the intermediate position into which 
Company "F" had moved to reinforce the French 
companies which had b^en terribly cut up by the pre- 
liminary preparation of the enemy. When it was seen 
that the Htms were coming on in force across the 
valley in front of those trenches, Company "H" was 
moved up to fill the cruel gaps which had been made 
in the French ranks and those of Company "G" by the 
artillery fire. 

Under cover of the machine gun barrage the Ger- 



THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 125 

mans advanced steadily, though the French and Amer- 
ican machine gunners were exacting a heavy toll, while 
rifles and the Chauchats picked off those Huns who 
continued ahead. 

Corporal Major D. Riley, from Ozark, of Com- 
pany ''G," paying no heed to the machine gun bullets 
spattering like hail all about him, leapt to the parapet 
of his trench, in full view of the enemy, and picked 
off a "Boche" several hundred yards away. Immedi- 
ately another enemy machine gunner stepped into the 
dead man^s place and started operating the gun. Riley 
again jumped to the top of the parapet and killed him. 
Five times the gunners were replaced and five times 
Riley shot down a Hun. A French lieutenant, seeing 
the deed, pulled Riley from the top and kissed him 
rapturously on both cheeks. In still another attempt 
the brave Alabamian was killed by an enemy bullet 
through the head. 

An Alabama soldier said concerning the attadc: ''At 
daybreak we saw the attacking Germans literally cov- 
ering 'No Man's Land.' This was when the boys 
stood, for their first time, face to face with an army 
of great force and with a dogged determination of 
advancing on the iron wall of American 'doughboys.' 
But to the sorrow of the onrushing Germans it didn't 
give m. 

The enemy kept up the advance unchecked by the 
dreadful execution he was suffering. Five heavy 
tanks, lumbering along with the Hun infantry, were 
forced to converge to pass between two small clumps 
of woods, and as they came out on the forward side 



126 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

three were stopped by well-placed shots from a Frendi 
"Seventy-five" anti-tank gun. 

In the meantime the "'Boche" hordes continued their 
advance, and through sheer weight of numbers suc- 
ceeded in reaching the wire. There the slaughter was 
frightful. The ground was literally covered with their 
dead, while a "boyau" leading to the front was abso- 
lutely choked with them — ^the fine work of a machine 
gun which had the trench in enfilade. 

Further to the left the enemy tried slightly different 
tactics— on the front occupied by Company "E." 
There the Huns came down in small groups, and 
either through design or necessity had taken to the 
trenches and to the ravine and depression formed by 
the Ain. There the maze of trenches was a veritable 
tangle. The enemy succeeded in penetrating the front 
line and at the same time got a footing in the badly 
torn trenches of the French on the left of Company 

Lieutenant Markland, with the enemy breaking in 
between two "G. C.s," along the Ain, trying to enter 
from the left where the French had fallen back, and 
at the same time to filter in through the numerous 
communication trenches on the right, gave the order 
to retire to the support to reorganize. Lieutenant 
Murphy, with the "Boches" in his own trenches, at- 
tempted to counterattack, but was wounded by a piece 
of hand grenade. Lieutenant Fairchild, seeing the 
state of affairs, gathered up his platoon and the re- 
maining men of Lieutenant Murphy's platoon and led 
a brilliant counterattack on the right-hand *'G. Cs," 
himself in the lead, and killed several Huns with his 



THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 127 

bayonet. At the same time Lieutenant Markland at- 
tacked on his own "G. C" on the left, then reinforce- 
ments came up to the French on his left, and the enemy 
was completely expelled from the front line. 

Further to the left of Company "F" the enemy 
attempted to penetrate the line through the "boyaux." 
Coming down the Boyau Grenoble they succeeded in 
killing the men on post there before the latter could 
give the alarm, and only t)it quick work of a French 
corporal kept the enemy from entering the trenches. 
He sounded the alarm, and all the men who had been 
kept in the dugouts came pouring out. A grenade 
battle followed in which the Huns were driven back, 
and they left behind a light machine gun. 

Simtdtaneously the enemy tried to enter Lieutenant 
Curtis's "G. C." on the left They attacked from the 
front at the same time, trying to enter through the 
Boyau de Lyon, but here they were also repulsed. 

Again and again the enemy made attempts to pene- 
trate the trenches. The supporting waves pressed on 
behind those assaulting. In the center a whole "Boche*' 
company, in '^column of squads" marched down the 
Nevers-Sedan road, not realizing the attack had been 
held up. As it cleared the rise in front of Souain, Cor- 
poral William S. Hughes, from Marion, of the Ma- 
chine Gun Company, who had seen it coming, moved 
his gun out of the emplacement and then placed it on 
the parapet beside the road so as to obtain a good field 
of fire. He let the enemy approach to within 200 
yards and opened fire. Many Huns were killed by the 
first shots and the others fled in panic. 

The enemy's assault battery came pressing on over 



128 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

the Butte de Souain and took up a position at the foot 
of the hill. From the- observation post at the regi- 
mental "P. C" of the 109th French Infantry, the 
major commanding the artillery spotted an enemy 
battery coming down the road over the Butte de 
Souain« He quickly directed that a French *'sniping" 
battery be laid on the cross-roads. As the Hun guns 
and caissons reached that point the major commanded 
"Fire 1" A few well-aimed shots, and the enemy's guns, 
caissons, horses and men were flying in all directions. 

Repeatedly individual enemy units tried to break 
through, but the main attack had been shattered. The 
arrogant Hun tried the lines held by the gallant young 
men of Colonel Screws' regiment but failed to go 
through. It was a day of which France was very 
proud, and Alabama now knows of what stuff her 
sons are made. 

At "G. C Antoine," to the right of Company *T," 
the enemy again tried to penetrate. A corporal of the 
109th French Infantry, in liaison with the Americans, 
allowed an enemy machine gun crew to approach and 
set up their gun on the parapet of the *'G. C." From 
the place where he was in hiding he threw an "O. F." 
grenade, and in the smoke of the explosion jumped 
over the parapet, seized the gun out of the hands of the 
astonished gunner, then jumped safely back into his 
own trench. 

At about eleven o'clock the morning of this same 
day, July 15, two enemy fleets of some twenty-five 
"chaser" planes each came over the lines, diving, 
twisting, and firing with their machine guns into the 
trenches. 



THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 129 

In the trenches of the First and Third Battalions 
the bombardment had been terrific and the castialties 
heavy, for the trenches were near the advanced bat- 
teries and consequently caught a large part of the 
counter-battery bombardment Many batteries were 
out in the open and had no protection. Gun crews 
were knocked out only to find others jumping into 
their places. One gunner, with two fingers blown ofiF, 
continued to feed his gun, holding the shells across 
his forearm and crying out, as he rammed each home, 
''VoUa pour les Bochesl" 

When the planes went back to their own lines they 
replenished their machine gun ammunition and re* 
turned time and time again to fire into the unprotected 
trenches and to drop bombs. 

Private Brock Hill, from Attala, of Company "F,** 
brought one down. Giving no heed to the thousands 
of machine gun bullets whizzing down from above, he 
fired at a plane flying low. After he had sent Several 
shots at it, the plane turned and flew unsteadily 
towards the German lines. Half way back it dipped 
and came crashing to earth. This was the first plane 
brought down by rifle fire of an American soldier. 

All day long the enemy fired on the intermediate 
and second positions, but his fire was of a desultory 
nature, and it was evident to the High Command, 
though by no means to the soldiers in the trenches who 
were subjected to the bombardments and every now 
and then had to resist the enemy's furious onslaughts, 
that the backbone of his attack had been broken. 

The enemy, unable to retain a footing in the Allied 
trenches, established his line somewhere in front of 



130 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

the intermediary position. The exact location of his 
new position was unknown. Apparently a point right 
on the Nevers-Sedan road was the only advanced post 
held by him. 

In the evening Lieutenant Harden, of Company 
"E," took a "come-and-go" raid into the first position 
for the purpose of destroying dugouts and capturing 
prisoners. He found the front line in a terrible condi- 
dition, both from the enemy's barrage and those of 
the French and American batteries, the latter having 
been called down on the places as soon as the Huns 
had penetrated tkem. Many bodies, the men having 
been slain by artillery fire, were lying all about, but 
no living "Boches" were found, all having retired. 

In the sector of Company "F" a French patrol at- 
tempted to go up the Boyau Grenoble. They had 
hardly left "G. C. Antoine" when they were fired on 
from a small trench about a hundred yards in front of 
the wire. Not having made preparations for a raid, 
they did not attempt to enter the trench. Further to 
the left Lieutenant Curtis took a patrol up the Bojrau 
de Lyon, finding a great many bodies of dead Ger- 
mans, but meeting with no resistance. 

The bombardment continued all through the night 
Half the men stood on guard while the Others slept 
in the trenches, ready to spring to their posts the min- 
ute there was any sign of a movement in front. 

The 16th the shelHngf kept up. A French patrol 
having reported the location of the enemy, the artillery 
fired all the morning in front of Company "F." Lieu- 
tenant Markland, of Company "E," reported that the 
Huns were in the source of the Ain, and soon several 



THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 131 

batteries were working on it, making the place un- 
tenable. 

Again the fifty or more aeroplanes came over, drop- 
ping bombs and sweeping the trenches with machine 
gun fire. Apparently more anti-aircraft guns had 
been brought up, for the Hun airmen were not allowed 
to circulate as freely as on the day before. 

The night of the 16th an American patrol of twenty- 
five men and one officer went up Bo3rau Grenoble on a 
mission of clearing up the trench in front of "G. C 
Antoine" and of bringing in prisoners. The trip was 
accomplished without event. The artillery had done 
such effective work that the patrol only found some 
mangled bodies and quantities of equipment. 

Rettftniyg, the patrol encountered a French patrol 
going up the boyau, the mission of the latter being 
to locstte the enemy's front lines. The two patrols 
consolidated and went up the Boyau Grenoble. When 
on a leifel with the support lines of the front posi- 
tions, a wire entanglement was found across the 
trench, effectively barring all further advance. 

A "flare" was thrown up, and the enemy immedi- 
ately opened up with his machine guns. More "flares" 
were sent up and the positions approximately located. 
French and Americans then lined both sides o{ the 
bojrau and poured a murderous fire into the darkness, 
also discharged "V. B." grenades. 

The enemy replied with his machine guns and hand 
grenades. The French and American fire was appar- 
ently effective for as soon as the firing ceased cries and 
groans could be heard from the German side. It was 
also apparent that the enemy had a pretty strong out- 



132 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

post ; so, as the night was nearly over^ it being scarcely 
an hour before dawn, no further attempt was made to 
enter the enemy's lines. 

July 17 found the firing almost stopped. The Ger- 
man planes again flew over the lines, but now the anti- 
aircraft guns poured a heavy volume of fire at them, 
seriously hindering their work, and at least one {Jane 
crashed to earth in flames. Two or three others were 
forced to land behind their own lines. 

On the night of July 18 sudden orders were received 
to pack up and get ready to move. During the night 
the Alabamians were relieved by the French, the last 
element leaving the trenches the next morning at dawD» 
just about the time a French battalion, making a bril- 
liant counterattack, regained with light losses what 
the Germans had paid a tremendous price to take 
away. 

In the Machine Gun Company orders were not 
received in time for the carts to go up before the out- 
fit started from its positions. As a result the men 
carried their guns and equipment to Suippes, some six 
kilometers away. One squad carried its guns to La 
Cheppe, a distance of about 17 kilometers. 

The regiment marched to La Cheppe, and there had 
its first experience with real bombing machines. The 
Supply Company, which up in the line had seen no 
easy time, received full attention from the visitors. 
Several times the planes circled over the town, drop- 
ping the bombs, which luckily did no great damage, 
there, while the 167th's men, high stnmg from the ten- 
sion of the past few days, scattered into the wheat 
fields, following the example set by the civilianSi The 



THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 133 

latter bad long since learned ''it is more healthful to 
sleep in the open than in the confined limits of a town." 

In sttmmarizing this vital battle it is of interest to 
note the extent of the German checkmate, and to see 
on what a large scale the enemy had based his plans. 
The following is an extract from the Fourth French 
Army's bulletin: 

"Divisions engaged in battle. — Captured documents 
confirm the fact that the number of infantry units tak- 
ing part in the attack was considerable. 

"A. — ^Between the Pompelle and the Suippe three 
groups were in line: Group Lindequist, Group Gon- 
tard, and Group Langer, each one composed of three 
divisions in the front line, not including the support- 
ing divisions. All the divisions were excellent units, 
thoroughly trained in breaking - through tactics 
C'Durchbruchschlacht''), and having taken part in 
several previous engagements. 

"R— East of the Suippe the attack was on these 
lines: on the right, between the Butte de Souain and 
the Suippe, an attadc oriented north and south ; on the 
left, between the Butte de Mesnil and the Butte de 
Souain, an attack oriented towards the southeast, in 
the general direction of Valmy. 

"Objectives desired by the enemy command: From 
the study of documents taken off prisoners, the front 
of the Fourth Army was to be broken through, between 
the Butte de Mesnil and Prunay, by the combined 
efforts of the First and Third German Armies. In the 
First Army, the Groups Lindequist, Gontard, and 
Langer were, by a turning movement, to take a south- 
westerly direction, cross the Vesle and push on to the 



134 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Mame. A map f otind on a dead officer gives the zone 
of action of the three divisions of the Gontard Group ; 
this zone extends as far as the Mame between Aulnay 
and Cherville. The operation of the First Army 
seems, therefore, to be intimately related with the 
movement the enemy made east of Dormans, in the 
direction of Epemay, in order to cause the fall of all 
the region of the Montagne de Reims. Another docu- 
ment indicates clearly that the 26th D. and the 3rd G. 
D. of the Gontard Group were to establish their liaison 
on the Mame at Tours-sur-Mame. 

''In short, the German offensive on the Champagne 
front was composed of : 

**1. — Two principal attacks: the first in the center, 
oriented north and south, direction of Chalons; the 
second in the west, oriented northeast and southwest, 
objective the Mame in line with Chalons. 

fl|2. — ^A secondary attack in the east covering the 
first two. 

"Finally, the statements of prisoners confirm the 
information already obtained from the study of docu- 
ments. It was intended to take Reims, Epemay, and 
Chalons in the first two days of the battle ; it was the 
Trieden Sturm,' the offensive for a German peace ! 

"Every thing was foreseen, not only for the ad- 
vance but for the exploitation of the conquered terri- 
tory: it was absolutely forbidden for the troops to 
enter or occupy the towns. As soon as reached, their 
entrances were to be guarded in order to allow the 
officers of the Quartermaster Corps to make an inven- 
tory and a division of the booty. Mounted officers of 
the Quartermaster Corps were to take possession of 






THE CHAMPAGNE DEFENSIVE 135 

the stores of Chalons— order of the First German 
Army. 

"One thing only had not been foreseen — ^the mag- 
nificent resistance made by our troops, who charged 
themselves with changing the German offensive of 
Champagne into a brilliant French victory, which jus- 
tified the 'Ordrc du Jour' addressed on the 16th of 
July to all soldiers by the General Commanding of the 
Army: 

'Soldiers of the Fourth Army: 

'During the day of the 15th of July you have 
smashed the effort of 15 German divisions, supported 
by 10 others. According to their orders they were to 
reach the Marne in the evening. You have stopped 
them short there where we wished to wage and win 
the battle. You have the right to be proud, heroic 
infantrymen and machine gunners of the advanced 
posts who have signaled the attack and broken it; 
aviators who have flown over it; battalions and bat- 
teries which have thrown it back ; staffs which have so 
minutely prepared this field of battle. It is a hard 
blow for the enemy; it is a glorious day for France 1 
I count on you that it will always be the same every 
time he attacks you. And, with all my soldier's heart 
I thank you !' " 

This, reader, is the story of the Champagne de- 
fensive, and upon the success of the fight put up 
depended all. It was the final crushing of the German 
spirit, the Hun's last attempt to conquer the world, 
and in the battle Alabama's noble sons gloriously did 
their part ! 



CHAPTER XIX 

THE ''CROIX rouge'* FARM FIGHT 
(CHATEAU-THIERRY DRIVE) 

Commenting further on the record of the 2nd Di- 
vision, in his article hereinbefore mentioned, Mr. James 
says relative to the collapse of the Chateau-Thierry 
Salient: 

"Just west of Chiteau-Thierry, on June 1, 1918, the 
2nd was thrown into the line across the Paris-Metz 
Highway, where the Germans were nearest Paris. 
There in Belleau Wood the 5th and 6th Marines won 
undying fame when they stopped the 'Boche' rush. 
On the first day they had no artillery, because the guns 
had not been able to get up. They had no food except 
emergency rations, and their ammunition was not all it 
might have been. But they stopped the Germans at 
Bois Belleau and fought eleven days against repeated 
German attacks to drive them back.'' 

Then he continues: "On the last day of May the 
3rd Division machine gunners, rushing into Chateau- 
Thierry after a sixty-hour trip in Camions, stopped the 
Germans there. The 2nd Division held the barrier 
against the German advance all through June, and on 
the last day of that month the 9th and 23rd Infantry 
won glory by capturing Vaux and gaining with tht 
Marines a line which greatly bettered Allied projipects. 

136 ^ 



THE CHATEAU-THIERRY DRIVE 



OC'OO'C'O Fropt lidc Jul! ]«, ISIS S 



THE "CROIX ROUGE" FARM FIGHT 137 

"The 2nd was taken out for a well-earned rest 
Nothing was heard of it until the morning of July 18, 
when Marshal Foch electrified the world by his bril- 
liant blow at the Chateau-Thierry salient, which his- 
tory will record as the turning-point of the war. The 
most important blow, indeed the vital blow, in this 
offensive was hit just south of Soissons and by the 1st 
and 2nd Divisions, with the famed French Moroccan 
Division between them. It was an advance of eight 
kilometers on the first day by this trio of divisions 
which made possible the eventual reduction of the 
salient menacing Paris. 

"The 2nd Division liad suffered very heavy casualties 
and had to have many replacements to retain its power. 
It was withdrawn from the battle area and took up its 
task of training its thousands of raw replacements." 

Before I pass to the part played by the Alabama 
regiment in the Chateau-Thierry struggle, let me write, 
as the records show, and as the accompan3dng official 
map indicates, that the path over which the American 
divisions passed driving the Hun before them is almost 
completely paved with the names of National Guard 
units — ^in a northeasterly direction from the Mame 
to the Vesle, by the 26th and 28th, in the beginning ; 
by the 42nd and 32nd, for the greater distance and 
past the most difficult positions, and at the end of the 
advance, again by the 28th Division. 

It is plainly obvious that almost the entire job was 
done by the citizen soldiery. Incidentally, as the official 
reports tell, I might add that certain elements of the 
28th Division, when the 3rd United States Regular 
Army Division was in sore straits during the early 



138 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

part of this fighting, largely reinforced the latter east 
of Chateau-Thierry, also tiie French, who had been 
compelled to retire when the Huns crossed the Mamc 
at Reuilly, and did noble work in driving the enemy 
back toward the Foret de Fere. In fact it is almost 
certain that had it not been for the heroic work of 
these Pennsylvania Guardsmen the Germans would 
have pushed through. In this fighting the Wounded 
Pennsylvanians tore off their diagnosis tags and re- 
turned to the battle line. The situation was extremely 
desperate but they saved it In the meantime the New 
Englanders, of the 26th, having fought their way 
through from west of Chateau-Thierry, had come up 
alongside the 28th in the big forest, and the 3rd Di- 
vision had retired. 

But, as previously stated, Marshal Foch, in the tele- 
gram to General Gouraud, stated he could not have 
begun the offensive to break up the Chateau-Thierry 
salient had the Huns made a success of their Cham- 
pagne offensive beginning at midnight July 14. So, 
as will be seen, the Alabama regiment, after having 
helped the French stop the "Boche" in the Cham- 
pagne, was hurried over to help destroy the Chateau- 
Thierry salient. However, it is necessary to remember 
that had the Germans driven through in the Cham- 
pagne there would have been no salient at Chateau- 
Thierry, because by the attack in the Champagne they 
had hoped to straighten out their line east of Chateau- 
Thierry and take the valley of the Mame. In such 
a case the fall of Paris would have almost surely 
restated. 

The salient at Chateau-Thierry did not, of itself » 



I 



THE "CROIX ROUGE*' FARM FIGHT 139 

menace Paris — it was part of the German scheme, 
however, to not only menace the city hut to capture it. 
It was, indeed, a very dangerous salient, unless 
widened, to the Huns. 

Mr. James has put undue stress upon the blow just 
south of Soissons. It did not accomplish an3rthing of 
vital import. It only "squeezed" the bag a little — 
the drive northeastward from Chateau-Thierry told the 
story of the salient's reduction. Just what part the 
Alabamians played in the actual "bursting" of the bag 
— the drive just mentioned — follows and may be better 
understood by reference to the charts. In Europe 
foreign strategists were often amused at certain ideas 
conveyed to the United States by the press. 

Another point I would like to bring before the 
reader: The spirit of the Hun fighting man and that 
of the civilian in Germany both disappeared after the 
great "Boche" offensives at and near Chateau-Thierry 
and in the Champagne crumpled, and the Huns had 
again failed in their time-old plan of trying to capture 
Paris by seizing the Mame valley. The war had been 
lost by them and they knew it. After that they re- 
treated consistently in a stupendous effort to shorten 
their fighting front and did so, as a matter of fact, in 
a splendid manner. So, and there is really little need 
of again pointing it out, the big work of the Ameri- 
can Army h^d been done by the National Guard. 

Back in the States the Guard's officers and men were 
training any new force that might be needed — ^new 
divisions of the Guard were in France and furnishing 
replacements to combat troops of the Regular Army 
and of the Guard — but the war had already been won. 



140 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Too, National Guard troops vere doing magnificent 
work, and had been doing it for some months, with 
the British forces. 

The 167th U. S. Infantry was part of a division 
which was the second of its kind sent to France. 
Another National Guard division, the 26th, known as 
"The Yankee Division," from the New England 
States, had preceded the "Rainbow" by only a short 
time. 

The two Regular Army divisions, the 1st and 2nd, 
as a matter of fact, arrived overseas in the early 
Autumn of 1917, but they were hastily put together 
and had quite a percentage of raw recruits, so that in 
all probability the Guardsmen were better trained. 
Too, many of the subalterns among the Regular offi- 
cers were Reserve Corps officers, civilians with a brief 
training period back of them. However, in the fight- 
ing many were killed and wounded after having gfiven 
a fine account of themselves. 

There seems to be no doubt in the minds of a large 
number of people that the Guardsmen, man for man as 
compared with the Regulars, were of a superior tjrpe 
physically and intellectually. Indeed, judging from 
press reports at the time the two Guard divisions 
reached France, the French instructors were elated, 
and remarked: "Here are the future fighters." 

The 2nd Division was composed of the 5th and 6th 
Marines, the 9th and 23rd Regular Infantry, and the 
12th, 15th and 17th Regular ArtUlery, 

But, to the story of the Alabamians: 

After the Champagne fight the 167th moved out on 
five trains, the journey starting at Coolus. The Ma- 



THE '^CROIX ROUGE'* FARM FIGHT 141 

chine Gun Company, Headquarters Company, the Sup- 
ply Company, Regimental Headquarters and the First 
Battalion entrained July 21 in three sections, while the 
Second and Third Battalions left on July 22, spending 
the 21st in Courtisols. 

That night the village of Courtisols was bombed by 
"Boche" aviaons, much to the discomfort of the men 
who were awakened from a sotmd sleep and rushed 
out into the open, tramping down grain in an effort to 
avoid the falling explosives. The same night, while 
the First Battalion was entraining, the aviators flew 
over the quais searching for a good target. Fortunate- 
ly the troops did not suffer. 

On its way to Coolus the regiment passed through 
Chalons, one of the recent German objectives. The 
city had suffered considerably as a result of the long 
range shelling and night raids by enemy flyers. Many 
buildings were destroyed and others had all window 
glasses broken. As a whole Chalons presented to the 
soldiers rather a forlorn appearance, as evidently many 
of the inhabitants fled to escape the horrors of war. 

Nothing of unusual interest happened during the 
trip except it soon became evident that the trains 
headed directly towards Paris, and of course "Dame 
Rumor" immediately set to work, starting the con- 
clusion that the counter-offensive had been success- 
fully completed, and that the regiment, no longer re- 
quired at the front, was being sent to Paris to parade 
in a celebration after the great victory. 

Many did not realize that, due to the fact that the 
Germans were still within easy shelling range of the 
more northerly route, it was necessary to go via the 



142 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

southern route to Paris and then back by the northern 
route to reach Chateau-Thierry. When the trains 
pulled into the Paris yards the enthusiasm of the men 
reached a high pitch, but after a short stop the trains 
moved to the rear, headed towards Meaux and Cha- 
teau-Thierry, and once more the men realized that 
•'Dame Rumor" is none too reliable. 

The regiment detrained at two different points on 
the Mame, Trilpot and La Ferte-sous-Jouarre, the 
22nd and 23rd of July, and the various units marched 
to their respective stations. The Third Battalion was 
in Ussy-sur-Mame and the remainder of the regiment 
was in Sammeron. The 23rd was spent in resting, 
visiting La Ferte, a village of some size, and in swim- 
ming in the Mame. 

At Sammeron a bathing party took possession of 
the municipal wash-house. It floated in mid-stream 
and was where the industrious French women went 
to wash clothes. The men thought it had an excellent 
roof for a diving place. Unfortunately the bathers 
became too enthusiastic and too many of them got on 
top of the house, with the result that it began to sink 
gradually despite the efforts of the Alabamians to 
save it. An old French woman, who had been wash- 
ing there, suddenly realized that the water was rising 
towards her but instead of retiring to dry ground she 
became hysterical, yelling and dancing up and down, 
until finally the water reached to her waist At this 
stage two soldiers came to her rescue and escorted her 
safely ashore. The wash-house, however, sank to the 
bottom of the river and all the men present could not 
save it. The regiment consequently was out a large 



THE "CROIX ROUGE*' FARM FIGHT 143 

number of francs to pay the town for a new floating 
wash-house« 

The next day, too, was started as a day of rest, and 
the men were making the best of the opportunity to 
enjoy themselves before the fight they knew they Would 
soon enter, when sudden orders came about noon to 
be ready to move at the end of an hour. All were told 
that the trip would be made in trucks, and the prospect 
was a bright one, for it wotdd be the first time the 
entire regiment had been given an "automobile" ride. 
After the 167th finished at Chateau-Thierry, however, 
the officers and men instinctively distrusted trucks, as 
they knew the price charged for such a ride was not 
paid for in money but in human lives. 

All companies were ordered to be ready to move by 
four o'clock in the afternoon after the first sudden 
alarm. The battalions were put in position to climb 
aboard the trucks and everything was in readiness, but 
no trades showed up until nearly midnight. It was at 
this point that the Alabamians met a new ally whom 
they had neither seen nor heard of before. The drivers 
of the trucks were Annamites, from French Indo- 
China, curious little people who talked in a most re- 
markable sing-song tone. 

It required seventy-five trucks to transport each 
battalion. When the time came to climb aboard, the 
little Chinamen lined up in the same order as the 
trucks they drove. Then a French officer who could 
speak their language assigned sixteen men to each 
Annamite, and the latter individual immediately led his 
charges off to his truck and showed them how to get in. 

After all were loaded the convoy started out on the 



144 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

all-night trip. Of course real rest was impossiUe 
because of the constant jarring about Just before the 
destination was reached one of the drivers, who had 
evidently fallen asleep, ran his truck off the road over 
an embankment, tipping the vehicle completely upside 
down, so that the wheels turned freely in the air. It 
was a bad spill, but no one was seriously hurt. The 
regiment unloaded at Epieds the morning of July 25. 

That same afternoon found the Alabamians movmg 
forward toward the Foret de Fere in the Chateau- 
Thierry drive. They had left the vicinity of Epieds 
and Courpoil at 2:30 o'clock. Ahead of them, in the 
thick woods and heavy underbrush of the forest, the 
Huns were making a determined stand after a slight 
retreat northeastward from Chateau-Thierry and the 
Mame. The Allied line of advance was being held by 
one American division, elements of another, and by a 
noted French division, but was at a complete stand- 
still, the troops having suffered heavy casualties. 

Just where the enemy's line lay, or how it was being 
held, the Allied troops ahead of the Alabamians could 
not say. A preliminary reconnaissance made by the 
167th Infantry was not at all reassuring. All about 
was utter confusion and terrible carnage. Neverthe- 
less the Alabamians and lowans, of the 84th Infantry 
Brigade, went ahead to see what they could make of 
what was apparently a bad mess. 

It should be stated here that, while the line com- 
panies and the combatants of the Headquarters Com- 
pany and of the Machine Gun Company were riding 
in trucks to the front, the echelon — ^that is, the stock, 
wagons, and carts of the two last-named organizations, 



THE "CROIX ROUGE*' FARM FIGHT 145 

came over the road as a wagon train, arriving at Epieds 
the evening of July 25, having marched night and 
day. 

Further notation is inserted here that the morning 
of the 25th the officers were assembled by companies 
and told that the regiment was to attack that after- 
noon, taking up combat formation at Courpoil and 
passing through the 26th Division which was '^some- 
where in the Foret de Fere." The axis of advance 
was to be northeast, with Sergy as the final objective 
for the night. Later the orders were cancelled, and it 
was learned that the regiment was to relieve the 111th 
Infantry of the 28th Division, which was serving with 
the 26th Division, and that the attack would probably 
take place in the morning. 

The Croix Rouge Farm (Red Cross Farm), rec- 
tangular and about a square kilometer in area, all 
cleared, lay to the north of the center of the forest. 
In the middle of the farm, alongside a road leading 
north to the town of Fere-en-Tardenois, was a build- 
ing of masonry which presented a fortress-like appear- 
ance. The farm and the woods surrounding it were 
held by the enemy, and from them came a violent ma- 
chine gun fire, spraying the woods in all directions 
south and west. 

In the most advanced position in the woods to the 
west of the farmhouse was a French regiment. Due 
to the severity of the fire directed against it the organ- 
ization had been reduced by casualties to companies of 
about thirty men each. Flanking that gallant band on 
its right, and holding a stretch of woods running south, 
were the sorely pressed Americans, about 600 yards 



146 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

from the farm clearing on its west. The latter had 
suffered heavily also, and occupied shallow "fox-holes" 
for the slight protection afforded. That they ^verc 
equally as brave and tenacious as their Frendi com- 
rades is only a just tribute. 

The above appeared to be the situation as night 
came on and closed the vicinity in darkness, so the 
Alabamians, ignorant of where the enemy lay in 
strength, effected dispositions deemed possible. In 
that way the 84th Infantry Brigade relieved the hard 
pressed line. 

The night hours following were filled with one con- 
tinuous roar of enemy artillery. The Huns so placed 
the shelling from their "77's" as to sweep all roads 
and approaches as well as the concentrating points of 
the Americans. Colonel Screws' "P. C' was only a 
roadside gully a short distance southwest of the woods. 
The other Alabamians ahead were equally as bad off. 
There was no shelter or real protection anywhere. This 
was open warfare and of the worst kind. A very cold 
and penetrating rain, even though it was the latter 
part of July, fell to add to the misery all about. Dur- 
ing the afternoon the enemy had displayed a prepon- 
derance of fire of different kinds, and his birdmen had 
been very strenuous, &ying low and in large numbers, 
so that at the outset the Alabamians got a "warm 
reception." 

Ehiring the night the First Battalion, under Major 
John W. Carroll, of Ozark, and the Third, under 
Major Dallas B. Smith, of Opelika, were in the woods, 
while the Second, under Captain Everette H. Jackson, 
of Montgomery, lay to the south of them in support. 



THE -CROIX ROUGE*' FARM FIGHT 147 

Early the morning of July 26 the commanders of the \ 
£rst two battalions made hurried attempts to find out 
the enemy's exact positions and to strengthen their 
own. All efforts in the former direction were, how- 
ever, attended with casualties, for even before the 
patrols could pass their own lines of outposts they 
ivere driven back by a galling fire. Snipers, too, be- 
came exceedingly active, their fire seeming to come 
from the two flanks as well as from the front, which 
quickly rendered the 167th's advance line almost be- 
yond holding. 

As the final dispositions were made, the First Bat- 
talion, with the French to its left, held the left of the 
line to the north; the Third, with a battalion of the 
168th U. S. Infantry (lowans) flanking, held the 
right. In the dense woods the Third had some pro- 
tection, but the First, with quite an area of cleared 
forest facing it, had little or none. 

There was an order issued at 3 : 40 o'clock that after- 
noon, at Brigade Headquarters, for an attack to be 
made at 4:50. Some time was consumed in having the 
document made out, and it was slow reaching Colonel 
Screws. He ordered Lieut-Colonel Bare, second in 
command, to deliver it to the two front line battalions, 
and to take command of the advanced lines during the 
attack. 

Lieut-Colonel Bare jumped on a motorcycle and 
rode about three kilometers, a greater part of the dis- 
tance under heavy artillery fire. When within 1,000 
yards of the battalion "P. C," a large tree, shot down 
by a shell, fell across his pathway, and as the woods 
were so dense anyhow that he would have had difii- 



148 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

culty in getting through, he gave up the vehicle and 
set out on a run with the order. 

The First' Battalion got the order at 4:45 p, m., and 
4:50 was named as the time to go "over the top." 
Despite the short interval allowed, the troops went 
forward promptly. "La Ventelette/* a strip of woods 
about a kilometer (5^ mile) beyond the northeastern 
limit of the farm, was to be the objective, and the line 
of advance was to be northeasterly. The crossing of 
the cleared place in the woods before it was thus 
assigned the First, also the task of cleaning out the 
"nests" of machine guns in the woodland beyond, and 
that of crossing the northwestern comer of the farm. 
The order meant, too, that the battalion should take 
the adjoining strip of forest. 

Information was received about that time that the 
'*Boches" were counter-attacking on the left of the 
Alabamians. The latter's line had been considerably 
weakened by casualties and by men leaving to carry 
wounded to the rear, which necessitated the organiza- 
tion of all casuals who had assembled at the cross- 
roads. It was then that Lieut.-Colonel Bare and 
Captain Mortimer H. Jordan, the regiment's operations 
officer, of Birmingham, got those men together and 
placed them under Lieutenant Royal Little, of Brook- 
line, Mass., who took them and promptly filled the gap 
between Alabama's left flank and the French. Then 
he used them to stop the enemy's counter-attack, and 
his force killed about 250 Huns, a good day's work. 

The Third Battalion, according to the orders issued 
it, was expected to clear the strip of forest between it 
and the farm, take the latter, also its farmhouse, then 



THE "CROIX ROUGE" FARM FIGHT 149 

to turn northward and occupy the woods to the clear- 
ing of the farm. 

The First had with it the Montgomery Machine 
Gun Company, under Captain JuUen M. Strassburger, 
of that city, while the Third Battalion had Company 
"B," of the IS 1st Machine Gun Battalion. The right 
part of the line of the First was Company "A," and 
the left Company "B," both of that infantry battalion. 
Through them, "to the charge," moved Company "D," 
under Captain Lacey Edmondson, of Bessemer, and 
Company "C," under Captain Gardner Green, of Pell 
City, each accompanied by a section of the Montgom- 
ery Machine Gun Company. 

The enemy's fire, desperately sent forth and crash- 
ing here and there, had been increasing all the after- 
noon. The front lines of "D" and "C" Companies 
sprang up to advance, when the Huns' fire increased 
to a veritable deluge of lead and steel. Then came the 
forward movement of the Alabamians, without "artil- 
lery preparation," and the men shoved ahead with a 
gallantry never surpassed and seldom equalled. 

Here was the death-grip of the nations — ^the men 
of the New World against those of the Old World ! 
Could these young lads from "money-making, leisure- 
seeking, pleasure - craving America" go forward 
against men long trained in discipline and war? Here 
was the "Heaven-hell-or-Hoboken-by-Christmas" (re- 
ported words of General Pershing before the great 
Allied offensive) test ! Did they meet it? Let's see ! 

Among the first to fall was the beloved Captain 
Strassburger. He was killed in the first hundred 
yards, and dropped beneath the deadly sheaves of 



150 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

enemy machine gun bullets. An Opelika hero. First 
Lieutenant John H. Powell, fell as he charged through 
the woods to the right Alabama's best blood was 
freely flowing here in the great fight for the freedom 
of the world I 

Enemy machine gunners were almost everywhere — 
in trees, behind fallen ones, and in hurriedly made 
"nests" on the farm to the front Red lines, previously 
painted broadly on the trees facing our troops, the 
height of a man's breast, were afterwards found in 
the forest — unmistakable belts of death — and all the 
Hun gunners had to do was to sit there, pull the trig- 
gers, and keep on loading. It was a devilish death- 
trap, a wicked device of a hellish brain! 

Entering the Foret de Fere, about 300 yards north 
of the place where the First Battalion headed in, there 
was an unimproved road from the western edge of 
the farm which passed into the forest in an easterly 
direction for about 500 yards. The "Boche" machine 
guns lay along the road, and northward at a right 
angle to it, in the greatest abundance. Line after line 
of the Alabamians, joining closely with the French on 
their left, hurled itself against that position, only to 
waste away under that fountam of death. The con- 
centrated fire of our machine guns had but little effect 
on it After more than an hour the position held out, 
and the slaughter in our ranks continued. 

It was time for some climax to the distressingly 
harassing situation. Our men did not falter. In a 
wild charge to take the enemy's position, Lieutenant 
Ernest E. Bell, from Bessemer, of G)mpany "D," and 
Lieutenant Robert Espy, from Abbeville, of G>mpany 



THE ''CROIX ROUGE'' FARM FIGHT 151 

^'B/' rushed out with pliEitoons of 58 men and 52 men, 
respectively. Across the road these two gallant sub- 
alterns went at the head of their brave followers — ^the 
^square heads" left I Captain Bryant Whitehurst, 
from Abbeville, then took command and the new ar- 
rivals under him captured 27 enemy machine guns. 
Out of Bell's group only 23 men were left, while 
Espy's had only 1& That showed the type of soldiers 
Marshal Foch had acquired from the "land of ease" 
across the Atlantic. The Americans were now causing 
an tmtold degree of security to be felt abroad— except 
among the Huns. 

The outcome was that the hitherto dismal state of 
affairs out front began to dear up. But the enemy 
rallied and madly strove for a counter-blow. Now, 
however, things had been reversed, as line after line 
of grey-green forms began to crumple up and then dis- 
appear. At this time it was the Americans who were 
doing the execution. 

As the last Hun onslaught came forward. Major 
John W. Carroll was heard to shout: "Save your 
fire, men I We'll give 'em hell with the bayonet." The 
firing ceased at once and, with their bayonets fixed, 
the men awaited the oncoming figures— but no such 
luck! The "Got mit uns" turned about and fled 
precipitately. 

Along the southern edge of the forest, bounding 
the farm on the right flank, the "Boche" snipers were 
driven from the trees by Company 'T." Company "K" 
cleaned the machine gun "nests" out. The two organ- 
izations, however, were halted on the edge of the farm. 
They encountered a stiff cross-fire of enemy machine 



152 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

gun btillets coining from the farmhouse and from the 
prepared places on each side of that structure. 

Platoon after platoon dashed out into open space, 
only to suffer heavily and to be rolled back to the 
slight protection of the woods. Company command- 
ers were now having trouble in maintaining organ- 
izations. 

During a lull, finding themselves without men to 
command. Lieutenants Murphy and Kaim, of Com- 
pany ^'B/' 151st Machine Gun Battalion, hastily got 
together a mixed platoon of infantrymen and machine 
gunners and charged the farmhouse. Simultaneously, 
as the building was taken, Lieutenant Alan K. Smith, 
of Birmingham, second in command of Company "K," 
the latter's captain having been wounded and its ranks 
sadly depleted by the advance, assisted by Lieutenant 
Sharpe, of the same company, and by Lieutenant 
Young, of Company "I," put together the remnants of 
the companies named, and, with a platoon thus formed, 
charged through the machine gun "nests" to the east 
of the farmhouse. They, too, were successful; and, 
as the new holders of the farmhouse opened up on the 
enemy machine gunners still located to the north of 
the farm, from the position to the right our men 
fired with telling effect on the Huns holding the line 
of the woods to the north and east. 

A heavy concentration of enemy machine gixn and 
rifle fire followed and it covered both positions. Soon 
such losses had been suffered by our men that a hur- 
ried call for reinforcements became necessary. 

Lieutenant Maurice W. Howe, who had assumed 
command of Company "L," Captain Joseph P. Ess- 



THE "CROIX ROUGE" FARM FIGHT 153 

linger, of Pell City, having been wounded, received the 
**S. O. S." signal. Rapidly collecting the remnants 
of a platoon, he swept on through the violent fusilade 
and gained the farmhouse. 

That did not end the fight, however, for now the 
"Boche" artillery, as though sorely angered by the 
defeat of its infantry, belched forth a seething fur- 
nace of fire. Shells and shrapnel rained down on the 
forest roads and along the paths leading up to the 
dressing stations. Night had come on, and terribly 
wounded men, staggering along through the deep mud 
and cold water; stretcher-bearers, slipping and falling 
with the mutilated and oftentimes lifeless bodies they 
carried; ammunition and food-carrying parties, all 
fought their way forward or rearward in the thick of 
the shelling. 

But the Hun, the wonderful ^'superman," was on 
the run after having suffered a decisive defeat; and, 
the Chateau-Thierry salient, soon to be a thing of the 
past, and a big lump in the kaiser's throat, had almost 
disappeared. Its spear-head no longer pointed towards 
Paris — ^the heart and soul of France — ^and the Ala- 
bamians had written the name of the Croix Rouge 
Farm into a thankful nation's history! 

It was an infantry action, pure and sim.ple, and to 
the infantry alone belongs the credit of having taken 
one of the strongest positions held by the enemy in 
his retirement from the Chateau-Thierry salient. There 
they literally fought the Htm machine gunners with 
their bare American fists. 

Having lost the forest and the farm, both undoubt- 
edly being the key to the later crossing of the Ourcq 



154 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

bjr our troops, the enemy f eD back to the rhrer, a dis- 
tance of some six kilometers. He left sacrifice mar hinr 
gun detachments behind, but there seemed to be nodh 
ing to greatly delay the 'Victory march" of the Ala- 
bamtanSy for they were on their way to help dose the 
most Stupendous war of all times. 



CROSSING THE OURCQ 
(CHATEAU-THIERRY DRIVE) 




w- 



CHAPTER XX 

CROSSING THE OURCQ 
( CHATEAU-THIERRY DRIVE) 

When dawn broke on July 27, after a miserable 
night, every one felt so dejected and let down it seemed 
that any further advance on the regiment's part would 
be impossible. However, after hot food arrived and 
as nothing was heard of the enemy, every one's atti- 
tude changed for the better. Early that morning 
French cavalrymen were seen on the edge of the woods 
opposite Croix Rouge Farm, and then it became gen- 
erally known that the Germans had retired towards 
the Ourcq River without further resistance. 

As soon as it was fully light that morning, parties 
were organized to search the woods for wounded and 
prisoners and also to take count of the property cap- 
tured. The wounded were now rushed back to the 
rear as fast as possible and rations and ammunition 
brought up. In the section of the forest where the 
underbrush was cut out, twenty-two Germans were 
captured. In a number of cases they pretended to be 
dead^ These men the day before had allowed attack- 
ing waves to pass over them, and then throughout the 
night had thrown up flares and sniped at any one who 
moved about. 

It was, moreover, necessary to reorganize the bat- 
talions and companies after the tremendous losses of 

155 



156 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

the day before so that when orders should come for 
aa advance they could be carried out promptly. 

About 2:00 p. m. of the 27th orders were received 
stating that the Germans had retreated beyond the 
Ourcq, and that the regiment would immediately move 
forward and establish itself on the hills north of the 
stream. As the French cavalry and armored motor- 
cars had already exploited the region, the troops could 
advance with rapidity and comparative safety. 

The Second Battalion led, with the First in support 
and the Third in reserve. The main body marched 
north on the JauIgonne-to-Fere-en-Tardenois road, the 
advance troops filtering through the woods on either 
side of the highway. As darkness drew on, a few 
shells were falling in front and to the right but there 
were no casualties. After passing the northern edge 
of the Foret de Fere, the direction of advance was 
altered slightly from due north to northeast 

Lieut-Colonel Bare, in command of the advanced 
regimental *T. C," and accompanying the leading 
troops, pushed forward in an attempt to reach the 
objectives before nightfall, but at this time Colonel 
Murphy, of the division's staff, ordered a halt by au- 
thority of the ^'rainbow's" commanding general, so the 
Second Battalion halted for the night in the open fields 
along a small tributary of the Ourcq, east of the town 
of Villers-sur-Fere, The First was just in rear, while 
the Third was in the northern edge of the Foret de 
Fere. In the meantime Colonel Screws, after getting 
in touch with the commanding officer of the 16Sth 
Infantry and learning the dispositions of his troops, 
heard from the French cavalry patrols that the enemy 



CROSSING THE OURCQ 157 

had already left Sergy and Meurcy Farm, which state- 
ments substantiated the reports already made by 
Captain Jackson's patrols. 

Sergeant John D. Bruner, from Ashford, of Com- 
pany "F," that night was out on a patrol alone. Com- 
ing back toward his own lines he was halted by a senti- 
nel, who told him there were some "Boches" about 
200 yards to the front Bruner had been right out 
there among them and did not know it. The next day 
he was killed. Charlie C. Bruner, a brother, was a 
private in the same company. After his brother's death 
Charlie did not seem to care anything about himself, 
and would, out of sheer dare-deviltry, stand erect in 
the open and fire away. 

Early the morning of July 28 the regiment advanced 
again in the same order as on the day before. Colonel 
Screws establishing his *'P. C/* at L'Esperance Farm. 
Lieut-Colond Bare moved forward with the assault 
battalion towards the Ourcq and established his ad- 
vance "P. C' in a little clump of woods along the 
tributary to the Ourcq. 

During this movement in the open the hostile artil- 
lery fire was terrific and the casualties among the Ala- 
bamians were heavy. It soon became apparent that the 
enemy had rallied during the night and had re-entered 
the positions reported clear of them the previous 
evening. As they had excellent observation from the 
heights beyond Ihc Ourcq, their fire was very accu- 
rately directed It seemed sure from a glance at the 
map that if the enemy elected to stand, the lines were 
drawn for a stubborn conflict. Opposite, across the 
river, the latter only a tiny stream, the hills, for the 



158 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

most part, sloped back in a gradual way from Sergy 
in the valley to heights of a little over 200 feet on the 
plateau to the north and east 

For the troops opposing the "Rainbow" the heights 
'to the east had flanked protection in the way of 
stretches of woods, the Arbre des Jomblets, the Bois 
de la Planchette and the Bois Pelger, and a creek run- 
ning from the east, the Ru. du Font Brule. In* the val- 
ley of the creek, near where it emptied into the Ourcq, 
lay Meurcy Farm and the woods called the Bois Colas 
and the Bois Brules. Further up were located the 
village and Chateau de Nesles. Behind the latter the 
Foret de Nesles sloped nearly down to the creek. 
The village of Seringes, to the right, commanded the 
farm. 

Along here, since all intervening French divisions 
had been withdrawn, it was to be a straight issue be- 
tween Americans and Germans. The 42nd Division 
had now taken the place of two French divisions and 
one American division. Left to right, the 166th, 
165th, 167th and 168th U. S. Infantry were in line. 

The river itself was crossed under fire. The shells 
from the opposite hills, as well as a finely directed 
enemy machine gun fire, began to cause heavy casual- 
ties among the Alabamians. After the crossing of the 
Ourcq, the enemy's machine gun fire began to take de- 
cided effect. The Second Battalion, however, suc- 
ceeded in capturing part of the hill after suffering 
heavy casualties. This hill is located between Meurcy 
Farm and Seringes on the left and Sergy on the right 

When finally a defensive position was taken up, 
the men suffered from a flanking fire from the town of 



CROSSING THE OURCQ 159 

Sergy and its vicinity, so the First Battalion was 
thrown into the front line, into a gap which existed 
between the regiment and Iowa due to a slight break 
of liaison caused by a wandering company of the 
165th, which had on the previous night placed itself 
between the 168th and the 167th and in the morning 
rejoined its own regiment. The First Battalion, after 
a hard fight, succeeded in clearing out all the snipers 
and machine guns that had bothered the Second so 
much. In fact, two platoons under Lieutenants Wiley 
and Wesson made an entry into Sergy, only to be 
driven out by heavy artillery fire and lack of protec- 
tion. 

To indicate something of the grit of these Alaba- 
mians. Private Julius Grogan, from Talladega, the 
morning of the crossing, was lying on the side of the 
hill, and had not less than eight bullet wounds in his 
body. When his company ("F") started to fall back, 
he begged the men to take him. The others, however, 
were busy trying to protect themselves and could not 
help him. Finally, up jumped Grogan, and away down 
the hill he ran, crying out before he started: "All 
right — damn it ! I'll take myself.*' 

In the meantime the Third Battalion was strung out 
along a tributary of the Ourcq in support and suffer- 
ing casualties from the heavy artillery fire directed by 
enemy avions who flew over the American lines at will 
and who were exceedingly daring. 

It was in this position that the regiment remained 
until the evening of July 29, when a battalion of the 
47th Infantry, operating under the command of 
Colonel Screws, relieved the front line troops. Then 



162 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

latter again went back to the northern edge of the 
Foret de Fere for a night's rest 

The strain the men had been under was tremendous, 
due to the constant shelling and indirect machine gun 
fire, coupled with the difficulty of bringing up rations, 
which only arrived once a day, usually after dark. 
Every man was a physical wredk, just able to stagger 
after eight days of solid fighting and hardships. The 
Machine Gun Company had an especially hard time, 
remaining in the front line without relief during the 
entire period that the regiment held the sector, and 
going "over the top" in the front wave on three sep- 
arate occasions. There had also been great quantities 
of gas used by the Germans, and Lieut-Colonel Bare, 
while commanding the advanced regimental "P. C," 
was seriously gassed and badly burned. Captain 
Gardner Green was affected also and sent to the 
hospital. 

On the morning of August 2, with the Second Bat- 
talion in the lead, the 167th again advanced, but it 
soon became evident that the enemy had made another 
general retreat This had been correctly surmised on 
this occasion by the higher authorities ; and, indicating 
how certain they were of the fact, several generals 
that morning appeared on the front line in their auto- 
mobiles. In fact, Brigadier General Brown, riding 
on horseback at the head of the troops^ was the first 
man to enter the town of Nesles. 

The combined First and Third Battalions followed 
the Second in support until they reached Nesles, where 
they were informed that the "Rainbow" had been re* 
lieved by the Fourth United States Division. 



/ 
/ 



CROSSING THE OURCQ 163 

It was only due to the splendid work of the regi- 
ment's signal platoon that the First and Third Bat- 
talions were saved a march of many kilometers; for 
the signalmen, following the heels of the assault bat- 
talions, ran a telephone line from Colonel Screws' 
"P. C." to the Chiteau de Nesles, so that the regi- 
mental commander, upon being informed of the relief, 
was able to head off those battalions at Nesles. The 
Second Battalion, however, having passed the town, 
could not be reached by telephone, and it was neces- 
sary to send "runners" after it. Consequently, it was 
not relieved until several hours later in the day. 

When the most forward elements of the 167th were 
finally relieved, a total advance, made by the regiment 
as a whole, was recorded of 19 kilometers. 



CHAPTER XXI 



MORE TRAINING 



When the regiment was rdieved August 2 bjr the 
4th United States Division, the men had used up the 
last bit of energy they possessed. They had not (xily 
just been through some of the fiercest fighting of tb^ 
war, and had suffered over 50 per cent casualties, but 
they had also stood a tremendous physical strainT- 
nine days of intermittent hand-to-hand fighting, 
coupled with excessive shell fire, much of which con- 
sisted of gas. 

Those nine days will also be long remembered, be- 
cause at most the men received only one meal a day, 
and some days they had nothing to eat So when the 
long-looked-for relief finally came, the troops were 
just able to drag themselves back to the Foret de Fere, 
where they spent the night 

For the next eight days the entire division was held 
in those woods as Corps Reserve. As it rained often, 
the living conditions were bad All about was mud, 
and the ground the men had to sleep on was wet 
Great quantities of equipment had been lost by the 
men during the fighting period, so that there was not 
a sufficient number of tents to protect them, but they 
managed to thrive, as real soldiers always will, and 
three hot meals were sent them regularly twice a day. 

164 



MORE TRAINING 165 

During the stay in the forest there was much work 
done, such as casualty reports, recommendations for 
the ''Distinguished Service Cross/' and sending off the 
personal effects of all men killed in action, besides the 
routine of reorganizing the companies, which were all 
in need of replacements. About 300 old Alabama 
National Guardsmen were received as replacements 
just after the Champagne fight They had come direct 
from Camp Wheeler, at Macon, Gsu, and took part 
in the Chateau-Thierry drive, many being killed and 
wounded at that time. 

A main road to the front ran dose to the regiment's 
camping ground. During the entire stay it was simply 
one mass of traffic, pushing backward and forward 
night and day at the task of supplying the troops in 
line. Guns, ammunition, food, ambulances, all flowed 
in a never-ending stream. It was the first time the 
regiment had ever been in a position to watch the 
workings of the Service of Supply (S. O. S., as it was 
called) in rear of an attack, and all marveled at the 
enormous amount of material necessary to carry on a 
pursuit, such as in this case. 

On the morning of August 10 the regiment marched 
to the rear, making a bivouac for the night just north 
of Chateau-Thierry, with regimental headquarters in 
that town. The following morning the march was 
resumed; and, after passing through Chateau-Thierry, 
the column turned westward on the national highway 
to Paris, reaching the towns of Montreuil-aux-Lions 
and Bezu-le-Guery. The regimental headquarters, the 
Headquarters Company, Supply Company, Machine 
Gun Company and the First Battalion were at the 



166 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

former, and the Second and Third Battalions at the 
latter. 

At these two places the men were put in billets for 
the first time in three weeks, and were, on the whole, 
fairly comfortable. The inhabitants of both towns 
were just beginning to return and to get things 
straightened out after having been frightened away 
from their homes by the German offensive of July 15. 
While the Alabama regiment was fighting, there had 
been a field hospital at Bezu4e-Guery, and in its little 
cemetery were to be found the graves of many of the 
men who had been severely wounded and later died in 
that hospital. 

While in the area the men got a little chance to bathe 
and to wash their clothes, as well as to rid themselves 
— ^temporarily, at least— of the "cooties," and to clean 
up generally. Many of the officers and men had an 
opportunity to visit the town of La Ferte, near by; 
and the place, though small, attracted them almost as 
much as New York City. It was while the regiment 
was at these towns that everyone was told of a plan 
to take effect when the 167th had reached its rest area 
^-every man to receive a seven-day leave during the 
organization's six weeks of rest. It all "listened" 
pretty good. 

On August 14 the regiment moved to several small 
villages along the Mame. They were near La Ferte, 
regimental headquarters being at Reuil. Here the men 
had a complete rest for a few days. The Mame of- 
fered excellent opportunities for swimming and bath- 
ing; and, as the weather was fine, nearly all made a 
practice of "going in" at least once a day. About 



MORE TRAINING 167 

twenty officers visited Paris on a special two-day pass. 
The privilege would have been granted to all had mov- 
ing orders not come too soon. 

The headquarters of the Third Battalion were lo- 
cated at an interesting place called La Charbonniere, 
a beautiful estate, with a chateau and elaborate gar- 
dens. The place was situated on a steep southern bank 
of the Mame, and just high enough to command, 
through a vista of trees, a wonderful view of the 
Mame vJdley, stretching for miles, with the river 
winding its way from side to side, and with the pic- 
turesque villages and their red-tiled roofs here and 
there in the fertile lowlands. 

When everything seemed to be settled for at least 
a few days, the Second Battalion and the Machine 
Gim Company suddenly received orders to march 36 
kilometers up the valley to the little town of Mezy, 
where they were to entrain, while the remainder of the 
regiment was to take trains at La Ferte. In going to 
Mezy the troops had to pass through Chateau-Thierry 
again, which they had left the week before, only to 
hike nearly 50 kilometers before returning. 

The regiment entrained for unknown destinations 
the 17th and 18th of August, and started east amid 
the conjectures of all as to where they were headed. 
The trains passed through Epernay and Chalons, St. 
Dizier, and then through the regiment's old "stamping 
ground" near Chaumont, but did not stop there, as 
many thought they would, continuing south through 
Langres. Finally they turned north, and the trip came 
to an end between Chaumont and Vittel, at a place 
called Damblain, in the Breuvannes area. Regimental 



168 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

headquarters went to Breuvannes» with the First Bat- 
talion Headquarters and Supply Companies at the 
same place. The Second Battalion was at Danihlain> 
while the Third Battalion and the Machine Gun Com- 
pany proceeded to Colombey. Thus the r^^iment was 
near the area where it received its first training. 

When all the troops had been billeted, they f otmd 
the French people could not do enough for them. As 
soon as the natives heard the regiment had been in 
the violent fighting near Chateau-Thierry, they did 
more than ever for the men. They said had it not been 
for America, France would have been overrun by the 
''Boches,'' and in general they showed a deep feeling 
of appreciation for what had been doat. As the pros- 
pects for a long stay in this section seemed excellent, 
the attitude of the people toward the soldiers was such 
as to warrant the assurance that good times were in 
store for the latter. 

Shortly after the 167th had reached the destinations 
named, word was sent around that a certain number 
of men would be allowed to go on two-day passes to 
enable them to visit nearby places of interest, to be 
effective until a more extensive plan of leaves was 
forthcoming. The first set of passes was issued and 
the men had their good times, but for some unknown 
reasons the passes were soon cancelled Then the 
regiment had only to hope that the leave system would 
soon be in working order. 

In the meanwhile, though, drills were begun and 
special stress laid upon assault formations for all units 
from the squad up. An elaborate schedule covering a 
four-week training period was published, calling for 



MORE TRAINING 169 

several all-day and all-night problems to be carried 
out by the entire regiment, including wagon trains. 
Many other similarly complicated and valuable exer- 
cises were to be practiced. 

The first week was devoted, as is usual, to the train- 
ing of smaller units, such as the platoon assaulting a 
machine gun ''nest," the company advancing through 
dense woods, the battalion in assault over broken 
ground, and other problems of a like character. A 
maximum of time was devoted to such work, the ntun- 
imum being given to close order drill. 

The weather during this period was ideal — ^in fact, 
for the first time in France the regiment experienced 
anjrthing like hot weather. Consequently everyone felt 
much more like drilling than earlier in the year, in the 
snow of winter and the mud and rain of spring. More 
was accomplished, the men were taught more, and 
more enthusiasm was shown in the work in this one 
week than had ever been shown before. 

The Machine Gun Company, the Stokes' mortar 
platoon, and the platoon handling the "37's,'* were of 
course having drills especially suited for them during 
this same period. They also showed the most marked 
improvement .During this week the regiment's de- 
tachment of officers left for the First Corps School at 
Gondrecourt 

On August 27, while the battalion maneuvers were 
being practiced, sudden orders came for companies to 
return to their quarters and to get ready to move. 



CHAPTER XXII 



THE ST. MIHIEL DRIVE 



The St. Mihiel salient's line started at or near Hau- 
dimont, passing almost due south to west of St. Mi- 
hiel, on the Meuse River, when it turned sharply to 
the east, passing approximately along the line of the 
towns Apremont, Seicheprey, and the FHrey-Limey 
road to Pont-d-Mousson, on the Moselle River. 

In the early part of the war the French had made 
attempts to destroy the salient by deliberately attack- 
ing its most fortified position, Montsec, but the valiant 
assailants lost heavily and failed. The salient re- 
mained until crushed in by American troops, except 
for some slight assistance from the French in the dos- 
ing days of the war in 1918. 

To understand the very important role played by 
the "Rainbow,** and to show how much confidence 
was placed in the ability of the division to do its part 
well, it is only necessary to quote here two sections of 
Field Order No. 17, Headquarters 42nd Division, Sep- 
tember 9, 1918, carrying out instructions from higher 
authority, as follows: 

"Sect. II-A-1.— The 42nd Division will attack in 
the center and will deliver the main blow in the direc- 
tion of the heights overlooking the Madine River, ex- 
erting its main effort east of Maizerais and Essey. 

170 



ST. MIHIEL SALIENT 



■ Front Hoc, AncoM. 19IS 






I 



THE ST. MIHIEL DRIVE 171 

**Sect II-B-2. — ^The division will seize its objective 
of the first phase, first day, without regard to the 
progress of neighboring divisions.'^ 

On August 28 the 167th U. S. Infantry, starting 
for the drive, had left Colombey, Breuvannes and 
Damblain on a series of night marches. The divi- 
sional order had prescribed the greatest secrecy, conse* 
quently the movements were to be under cover of 
darkness. 

At St Paul, notice of promotions of officers who 
had distinguished themselves in the Chateau-Thierry 
drive was received. Captain Ravee Norris, of Bir- 
mingham, had been made a major, and First Lieuten- 
ant Maurice W. Howe, a captain. There were other 
advancements named. The regiment stopped a while 
at St. Paul to continue its training, remaining there 
until September 4, 

The work at St. Paul consisted chiefly of the ma- 
neuver for a battalion in capturing a farm and pene- 
trating and seizing a rjulroad, which was later actually 
done in the drive. 

The evening of September 4 a billeting party left 
under Lieutenant H. E. Brown. The intelligence 
sections of all battalions handled such matters. The 
troops reached Favieres the early morning of the 5th, 
and later the same day the billeting party went on to 
Allain. The troops reached Allain about 1:30 a. m., 
the 6th, and stayed there through the 7th. The regi- 
ment was now only six kilometers from Uruffe and 
Gibeaum^ix;, its first homes in France. The stop here 
enabled the officers to give the replacements some rifle 
and grenade practice. 



172 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

According to the 167th's diary the movements 
thereafter, up to the front, were as follows: 

"Left AUain 8:30 p. m., September 7, arriving 
Ft Tillot (Foret de Gye) 1:00 a. m., September ^ 
distance 14 kilometers; left Ft. Tillot 7:45 p. m., Sep- 
tember 8, ju'riving in Foret de la Reine (one kilometer 
south of Etang Romaine) 4:15 a, m,, September 9, 
distance 23 kilometers." 

About 8:30 o'clock the night of September 8 the 
march led through the town of Toul, the name of 
which, applied to a sector, had been so thoroughly 
identified with American training areas. As the col- 
umn wended its way through Toul, the town's streets 
darkened to conceal the target it and its railroad yards 
made for the enemy's bombing planes, a cold, driving 
rain began to fall, and the situation was soon dismal 
enough. Every soldier was drenched to the skin. 

Just outside of Toul the roads were found to be so 
congested with traffic that vigorous prosecution of the 
march was impossible, and frequent halts of long du- 
ration caused all the officers and men to become chilled 
through and through. It seemed that night that a ma- 
jor portion of the trucks and camions of the American 
Expeditionary Forces tried to effect a northward pas- 
sage from Toul. There were trucks loaded with food ; 
ammunition trucks, and still others trailing along. 
Ugly looking cannon trucks of all kinds, too, all 
headed northward, continually sought to pass, and 
to crowd into the roadside ditches the long, wet col- 
umn of foot troops. The darkness was that of a 
degree which only a moonless and rainy night can 
produce ; and with the greatest difficulty did the traffic 



THE ST. MIHIEL DRIVE 173 

that night keep on that narrow, turtle-back road, wet 
and slippery as it was. 

But continual perseverance won, and the end of 
the march in the Foret de la Reine was reached about 
4 : 1 5 a. m. Rain was still falling and the darkness was 
impenetrable. No lights could be employed, and the 
tired troops plunged blindly from the muddy road 
into the thick forest, cast aside their heavy, water- 
soaked burdens, pitched shelter-tents, and wrapped 
themselves in wet blankets to enjoy a rest which tired 
soldiers alone can appreciate. 

The Foret de la Reine (Forest of the Queen) is a 
thick one, about eight kilometers from east to west 
and some six kilometers from north to south. In the 
middle is a lake, the Etang Romaine, and a few roads 
had been cut through the heavy woods. When daylight 
came the following morning, it was seen that the for- 
est roads were deep in mud. Rain kept up and the 
conditions became steadily aggravated. In the thick 
woods of this forest the entire 42nd Division was en- 
camped. To use the expression of Lieutenant Bryan, 
of the Stokes' mortar platoon, "an attack under the 
existing circumstances would certainly be a failure 
unless the High Command used submarines for 
tanks, ducks for carrier-pigeons, and alligators for 
soldiers.'' 

From the Foret de la Reine, battalion and company 
commanders, on September 10, were ordered to go 
up to reconnoiter the front line positions. The latter 
were about 12 kilometers north of the forest and were 
being held by elements of the 89th Division. The 
reconnaissance was made, and the day following 



174 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

platoon commanders went up to look over the same 
positions. 

The reconnaissance revealed a trench system similar 
to that which all had become familiar wiUi in the Bac- 
carat sector. Our front line, just outside the Bois 
de Jury, ran along the forward crest of a hill, and 
from it "No Man's Land" stretched down the hni^ 
across a tiny stream, and up the next hill to the enemy 
position near its crest From observation posts, and 
from all other vantage points available, the reconnoi- 
tring parties peered through a misty fog and sought to 
become familiar with the landmarks of the country to 
the northward, the passage of which everyone now 
knew was shortly to be attempted. 

Weary from an all-day tramp in mud and mire, and 
thoroughly drenched, the reconnoitring parties re- 
turned to the Foret de la Reine shortly before dark» 
and there they found the combat order awaiting them. 

The order, part of which has already been quoted, 
called for the relief of the 89th Division by the 42nd 
on the night of September 11-12, and a trip "over the 
top" at "H" hour the morning of the 12th. This 
salient had long been a thorn in the French defense 
system, as its hostile occupation cut a very importaint 
railway line and constituted a heavy embarrassment 
upon French communications; so the Americans were 
to try to remove it. 

On the night pf September 11 the elements of the 
167th Infantry took the road in the march to positions. 
A cold rain was falling, and the inevitable congestion 
of traffic on the roads made progress slow. The night 
was so dark that one almost had to keep his hand upon 



THE ST. MIHIEL DRIVE 175 

the back of the man in front to prevent one's self from 
being lost. In the maze of men, animals, carts and 
wagons — ^too, with the mud so deep— many wondered 
if a successful assault would be possible. 

The intelligence service of the enemy had appar- 
ently fallen down, and he seemed to have no knowl- 
edge of the party for him early the next day then being 
shaped. He shelled but little during the night, and 
it was well for the Americans that his guns were not 
very active. 

Towards midnight the regiment was pretty well in 
position, and all settled down to make the most of the 
remaining five hours of darkness. Sleep, by reason 
of the rain and intense cold, was impossible, and one 
could but bear his physical discomfort in silence and 
wish for the break of day, with its opportunity for 
relieving the misery of immobility under such circum- 
stances by a dash across the top and down and up the 
hill. 

The First Battalion, commanded by Major Robert 
Joerg, Jr., as the assault battalion, occupied the front 
line positions. The Second was deployed in the sup- 
port position along the Beaumont-St. Dizier High- 
way, about 1,000 yards back of the front line. Still 
another 1,000 yards back lay the Third in the reserve 
position. In the First Battalion Company "C," on the 
right, commanded by Captain Gardner Green, of Pell 
City, and Company "D," on the left, commanded by 
First Lieutenant Shelby V. Gamble, of Lanar, Col., 
constituted the assault line. In the support line were 
Company "A,'* on the right, commanded by Captain 
George B. Mourning, of Somerset, Ky., and Com- 



176 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

pany ^*B/' on the left, commanded by Captain Bryan 
Whitehurst, of Clopton. The Alabamians had re- 
lieved the 356th U. S. Infantry. 

At one o'clock the morning of September 12 the 
"artillery preparation" began. Many hundreds of 
guns, of sizes from that of the "75" to the great sea- 
coast guns, some as large as 400 millimeters, burst out 
in the most terrible fire. Junctions as far behind the 
German lines as St Benoit, Mars-la-Tour, Gorze, Con- 
flans, and even Metz, were reached by the big guns. 
The stupendous bombardment shook the earth for 
f otu- hours. Enemy troops were driven into their dug- 
outs, the projectiles tore up their trenches and cut 
up their lines of communication all about 

All the while the assault troops, the tanks, both 
British and American, and the greatest assemblage of 
American, British and French aviation ever gotten to- 
gether on the western front all waited to let the artil- 
lery have full play. The Alabamians were eager for 
"H's" hour to come. It had been set at five o'dock. 

The First Battalion made the attack promptly near 
Seicheprey. All went well, and, having driven the 
Huns before it, the regiment reached Essey at 11:30 
a. m., having taken all of the objectives as planned. 
The casualties were, however, not light It got to 
Pannes at 5:30 p. m., with another record of having 
secured its objectives, and "dug in" for the night In 
the latter case the Second Battalion had gone "over 
the top." 

When the Alabamians "went over" that morning 
near Seicheprey they had to crawl their way through 
the barbed wire into "No Man's Land." Then they 



THE ST. MIHIEL DRIVE 177 

took up perfect formation and, falling in behind the 
barrage and pressing close to it, they advanced at the 
prescribed rate of 100 3rards in 3 minutes. 

Though the eastern horizon betokened the approach 
of day, it was still dark ; and, as the thin lines moved 
do'wn the slope and up the next one, toward the enemy, 
the display of pyrotechnics was very fine. For illu- 
minating purposes our own men fired star shell-rockets 
high in the air towards the enemy's position. And the 
"Boches," always equipped with good fireworks, that 
morning set off everything they had. Ordinary flares 
in great niunbers lighted up for them the American 
approach, and enabled them to play their machine 
guns; caterpillars and all the different kinds of star 
rockets in all the colors signaled back from front to 
rear the alarming message that the Americans were 
out after them in force, and called upon their artillery 
to "cut loose*' with everything it "had in stock." 

Detachments with wire cutters and bangalore tor- 
pedoes, to destroy the enemy's barbed wire entangle- 
ments, had preceded the oncoming infantry. Immedi- 
ately occurred the first agreeable surprise, for the wire 
was in very poor condition, rusty or broken. Little 
difficulty was experienced in passing the successive 
belts, some troops even going through without having 
them cut Only scattered infantry fire was met with ; 
and, as the Americans arrived at the enemy trenches, 
the Htms began coming out, hands in the air, and 
surrendering with the utmost meekness. There was 
some artillery fire from the enemy's side, but other-' 
wise, especially at the beginning, the Germans ap- 
peared dumfounded and utterly weak. Here, for the 



178 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

first time in an action, the American officers began 
to witness the effects of the absolute loss of heart by 
the Htms after their failures at the Champagne and at 
Chateau-Thierry. 

The morning of September 13 the Second Bat- 
talion of the Alabama regiment went ''over the top'^ 
at 6 o'clock, and the Chateau de St Benoit was cap- 
tured. It had been German Army Corps Headquar- 
ters. That evening the troops commenced "digging 
in" on the line of the final army objective in the St 
Mibiel drive. The morning of September 16 Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Bare established his advanced regi- 
mental "P. C." in the basement of the chateau, where 
the Third Battalion also located its "P. C" The First 
Battalion's "P. C." was in a dugout to the front of 
the building. Upstairs in the chateau Brigadier Gen- 
eral Douglas MacArthur, commanding the brigade, 
had his headquarters. On the 19th the Third Bat- 
talion moved up and began to consolidate positions 
staked off by the Engineers. The regiment had now 
secured all of its final objectives. 

The night of September 20 the First Battalion re- 
lieved the Second in the front line, the latter going 
back to the position evacuated by the former in the 
woods just south of the railroad. Although the night 
was clear, with a bright moon, and enemy bombing 
planes hummed unpleasantly overhead, the relief was 
effected without a casualty. "C" and "D" Companies 
relieved "E" and "H," respectively, in the combat 
group positions, while "A" and "B" occupied the 
areas in support which 'T" and "G" had left The 
Third BattsJion did not change position, but remained 



THE ST. MIHIEL DRIVE 179 

at the work of constructing the defenses of the 'line 
of resistance/' 

Companies "C" and "D," now under the command 
of Lieutenants Bell and Wickline, each held three 
"strong points," each occupied by half-platoon combat 
groups. The posts were four hundred or five hun- 
dred 3rards apart along the edge of the woods, and 
were so arranged as to give observation of the enemy 
line, while at the same time keeping his patrols from 
entering the woods. The remainder of the two com- 
panies "dug in'' on a practically straight line, one 
hundred to five hundred yards in the rear, forming a 
support line. The mission of the latter would be to 
counter-attack on the forward positions, or to resist in 
its own position in case of a large attack. 

Companies "A" and "B" did not have combat posi- 
tions, but were merely held in reserve some three hun- 
dred to five himdred yards behind "C" and "D" for 
the purpose of reinforcing them and of assisting in a 
strong resistance before the enemy could possibly pen- 
etrate to the unfinished "line of resistance," on which 
the Second Battalion was at work. 

The men dug "fox-holes," covering them with 
sheets of tin salvaged from an old German camp in 
the rear, or used branches of trees and dirt to get pro- 
tection from shell fragments. 

By the 23rd the enemy had pulled some of his artil- 
lery into position and our lines were subjected to a 
constant and harassing fire, which now and then 
wounded m^n, and, in Company "C," killed four. 
Although everyone's nerves were strained by the con- 
stant shelling and lack of adequate protection, the 



180 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

work of consolidation was kept up, the ''fox-holes" 
connected with strong trenches, and barbed wire 
stretched about the ''strong points.'' Each night one 
or two patrols went out in front of the lines, some- 
times merely to act as "covering" parties, sometimes 
with the larger mission of taking prisoners. 

On the morning of September 23 Captain Maurice 
W. Howe, of Company "M," led a "come-and-go" 
raid on the town of Haumont-les-Lachaussees, which 
lay about 400 yards in front of our lines. The plan 
of the raid included a short heavy artillery fire, which 
lifted over the town at the moment of attack and laid 
down a barrage behind it The "37's" from the Head- 
quarters Company took the town tmder direct fire 
from the left of Company "D's" position. 

Under the protecting fire of 48 machine guns, and 
working in batteries, the raiders crept forward to a 
point just east and within 300 yards of the town. At 
4:30 o'clock in the morning the attack started Each 
of the four platoons had a section of the town to 
cover, and, after clearing it, reported to Captain Howe 
at his post in the churchyard. 

The town was thoroughly "mopped up," and all the 
troops back in their own lines at 5 :30 a. m. At least 
fifteen or twenty Germans, including one officer, were 
killed and sixteen captured. Two light machine guns 
were also brought in by our men, who suffered casual- 
ties to the extent of one killed, two slightly wounded, 
and two wounded seriously. 

In this highly successful raid, valuable information 
as to the town's defenses was obtained. Great credit 
was given the raiders for the thoroughness and speed 



THE ST. MIHIEL DRIVE 181 

with which they worked, and Giptain Howe was later 
awarded the '^Distinguished Service G'oss*' for his 
brilliant leadership in action. 

The prisoners from this raid were taken to the 
chateau to be examined and questioned. At this 
Chateau de St Benoit, as previously stated, were 
located Brigade, advanced regimental, and First and 
Third Battalion posts of command. It was a fine 
large building, whose wings and center formed the 
sides of a square. 

The prisoners stated that a big gun was being 
brought up to be trained on the chateau and destroy it 
Even as they spoke a '77'' shell from the German side 
crashed into the courtyard. Two fragments of it hit 
Captain Bryan Whitehurst, acting major of the First 
Battalion (Captain Whitehurst took command of the 
First at Chateau-Thierry when Major Carroll was 
wounded), seriously injuring him in the back and leg, 
so that he had to be immediately evacuated to the hos- 
pital Major Joerg was really in command at the be- 
ginning, as previously noted, but was wounded, and 
then Captain Whitehurst assumed charge. After 
Captain Whitehurst was wounded. Captain George A. 
Glenn, from Gadsden, of the Headquarters Company, 
was placed in command. 

No heavy shells fell on the chateau that day, but on 
(he 24th a German 280-millimeter projectile whistled 
orerfaead and smashed into a shed just beyond the 
building! Fifteen minutes later another just cleared 
the roof and scattered the masonry of a stable in every 
direction. The third struck directly in the middle of 
the chateau, and a fourth hit the wing towards the e^• 



182 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

emy. With each came a crash of falling stone and a 
cloud of plaster dust. The fifth and sixth, however, 
did the greatest damage, for they were incendiary 
shells. As they struck, a sheet of flame shot high in 
the air, and a few minutes later the old chateau was a 
crackling mass of flames pouring from every window 
and doorway. 

As the roof fell ia and the floors began to give way, 
there fled from the protection of its vaulted cellan 
some 300 men of the Headquarters Company, lirla- 
chine Gun Company; and of the battalion staffs. 
Brigade headquarters, fortunately, had been removed 
from this advanced position the day before. Although 
a number of men were killed or wounded near the 
chateatp by light artillery fire, not a man was wounded 
by these huge shells, which tore up the thick masonry 
of the chateau as though it were only chalk. 

Probably Captain Mourning and Lieutenant Bryant 
have as vivid a recollection of the destructive force of 
those shells as any other officers. Down in one of the 
vaulted cellars a heated discussion had been going on 
as to the direction from which the shells were coming. 
The captain and the lieutenant decided to settle it by 
goings out to see. Twice, after judging the time b^ 
tween shots, they went out, examined the hits and ^^ 
ported back. The third time, however, the argument 
having caused another visit to the outside, the interval 
between shots was five instead of fifteen minutes; and 
just as the investigators reached the point hit, and 
were well away from cover, the whizz of an oncoming 
shell was heard by them. They did not even have time 
to drop. A flying plank struck Captain Morrning 



THE ST. MIHIEL DRIVE 183 

knocking him down, while debris of the shattered walls 
rained down on both officers and iialf buried them in 
stone and mortar. As white-besmeared as plasterers, 
they made for the safety of the cellar, and no further 
investigations were conducted. Captain Mourning still 
insists that the Hun gun lay to the left front, while 
Lieutenant Bryant is equally certain it was to the 
right front 

The next day all that remained of the ancient and 
proud Chateau de St. Benoit was a smoldering heap 
of stone and a jagged mass of walls with smoke- 
blackened, gaping window spaces. Its pink and blue 
draperies, and furniture similarly upholstered; its 
music-room; its old tapestries hanging in its stone 
hallway — all were gone. It was the most impressive 
example of property destruction that the Alabamians 
had ever seen. 

On the morning of September 27 the regiment, in 
conjunction with units on the left and right, executed 
a demonstration for the purpose of diverting the 
enemy's attention from the American attack north of 
Verdun. This demonstration consisted of a prelimi- 
nary artillery bombardment, followed by an attempt- 
ed incursion of infantry patrols into the enemy's for- 
ward position. The orders called for three combat 
patrols of a platoon each, and for progress in the 
direction of and as far as Dampvitoux. The object 
was to carry out the semblance of an attack and to 
ascertain any possible withdrawal of the enemy. Sharp 
machine gun fire was, however, encountered as soon 
as the patrols left the woods at 5:30 a. m., and, by 
orders, the attack was not pushed, it being certain that 



184 AIABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

the enemy had not withdrawn^ and the mission of 
diversion having been f tdfilled. 

It was now fifteen days since the regiment had lined 
up to "go over/' and all were glad to see the reconno>- 
tering parties of the 166th Infantry. September 27 the 
relief was made. The First Battalion and the Machine 
Gim Company were relieved after dark that evening, 
the various units proceeding to the Brigade Regroup- 
ment Area in an old German camp on the Nonsard- 
Heudicourt road. 

The ten-kilometer march back was finished in pitch 
darkness, but no one minded it After fifteen days of 
constant strain in and near the front lines, anyone 
can stand the most difficult hike to the rear, and it was 
with a light heart and a feeling of duty well done that 
the 167th pitched tents and dropped off to sleep. 

The regiment had added another victory to its fist 
and had played a big part in the reduction of the St 
Mihiel salient— or, as the men commonly called it, 
"The St Mihiel Party." 



THE ST. MIHIEL DRIVE 
(PINAL POSITION, 167tfa INP.) 






i 


N 


St 



& — iL. 



9 AiUm^Prtf. 



w- 



CHAPTER XXIII 

thb cdte de chatillon 
(argonne drive) 

Before passing to the succeeding chapters, it is nec- 
essary to read the official army bulletin, quoted below, 
dealing with the Argonne-Meuse Battle: 

'The Argonne-Meuse Battle 

''First Phase 

''Since the reduction of the St Mihiel salient de- 
scribed in the last Bulletin the First American Army, 
in conjunction with the Fourth French Army (Gen- 
eral Gouraud's) to the west, has taken part in the 
largest and most important operation undertaken by 
the Allies. This operation will be known as the 
Argonne-Meuse Battle; it is the greatest ever fought 
by the American Army ; and it proved the death-blow 
of the German Army. It may be divided into two 
phases, of which the first began on the 26th of Sep- 
tember, and the second on the 1st of November. 

"It is necessary, first of all, to call attention to the 
vital relationship of this operation to the general Ger- 
man retirement The withdrawal of the German 
forces was a vast pivoting movement based on Metz, 
having as its object a very considerable shortening of 

185 



186 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

the front It depended above all else for its success 
upon the holding of the pivot, and of the line in the 
vicinity of the pivot Further^ the railroad line skirt- 
ing the Argonne to the north, through Montmedy and 
Sedan, representing nearly one-half of the supfdy and 
troop-moving power of the German system of com- 
munications. Never during the war had an essential 
German line been so seriously threatened; and its 
eventual severance was one of the outstanding features 
of the operations on the Western Front 

"The front between the Meuse and the Aisne lies 
in very difficult country, heavily wooded, far from 
level, and with few and bad roads and narrow vallevs 
along which the progress of any considerable body 
of troops is extremely difficult Especially is all this 
true of the more westerly district in and on the border 
of the Argonne. This region is one of the wildest in 
France, its dense forests cut up by ravines and almost 
devoid of means of communication. Indeed, the whole 
front was peculiarly favorable to defense and corre- 
spondingly ill-suited to the Allied offensive tactics in 
which the combination of tanks and infantry has 
played so conspicuous a role. Furthermore, the nat- 
ural difficulties in the way of the American advance 
were intensified by the thoroughness with which the 
enemy had prepared his defensive system in this area. 
The Hindenburg line stood virtually intact at the be- 
ginning of the American operations, and offered a 
truly formidable obstacle to an advance. Despite these 
difficulties, however, the American attack launched over 
a front of eighteen miles, after very heavy artiUer)' 
preparation on the morning of the 26th of September 



ROUTE OF 167th U. S. INFANTRY TO SEDAN 




t ' ^ ; . >. ...^ 



k. 



THE COTE DE CHATILLON 187 

with nine divisions in line, made a very considerable 
breach in the enemy's positions. On the right, the 
Bois de Forges, a strong position on the flank, was 
taken in the initial rush and the Americans pushed 
their way through a relatively thinly wooded country 
to an irregular line running through Dannevoux-Ger- 
court, Septsarges-Nantillois-Montfaucon, while in the 
west, advancing up the valley of the Aire, they took 
Varennes and Montblainville — ^in each case a penetra- 
tion of some seven kilometers. The natural result of 
this success was the retreat on the German center and 
by the night of the 27th the line ran fairly straight 
from Dannevoux to Montblainville. Thus the initial 
attack carried our forces something like half-way to 
the famous Kriemhilde line (2nd withdrawal line). 

"In the days immediately succeeding, however, the 
gains were small. The impetuosity of the American 
advance had left much to be done in the way of mop- 
ping up and consolidating the ground won. But still 
more important, the Germans, thoroughly alarmed, 
and alive to the importance of this part of the line, 
soon took the strongest counter-measures. To the 
four divisions already on the front were added five on 
the 27th, three on the 28th and one on the 29th, drawn 
in many instances from other parts of the line and 
largely composed of good quality troops. To the close 
of the fighting, it is estimated that a total of thirty-six 
divisions had been engaged by the Germans. 

'^Second Phase 

*rrhe second phase of the Argonne-Meuse battle 
began, just as the first one did with a heavy artillery 



;i88 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

preparation followed by an infantry advance, on the 
1st of November. On this occasion, the first day's 
success was again conspicuous, but even more striking 
was the fact that we succeeded, by the employment of 
very large numbers, in maintaining an even rate of 
advance over the ten days that followed. Displa3ring 
great mobility and energy, the infantry, well backed 
up by the artillery, kept gaining at the rate of about 
five kilometers a day, with the German Command con- 
stantly throwing in fresh troops, but never succeeding 
in holding up our men. The scene of this operation 
was of utmost importance ; it was the outlet from the 
Argonne to the great gap marked by the river Meuse, 
along the northern French frontier. Right in front 
of us in this gap was Sedan, the scene of the terrible 
disaster to the French armies in September, 1870. 
The name of every town and every village of this 
district was full of significance to patriotic Frenchmen. 
And the culminating triumph of our army in breaking 
through to Sedan was not merely the first fatal blow 
dealt to the German Army in France by severing one 
of its main lines of communications, but also a wiping 
out of the old sting of defeat which had so long been 
associated with Sedan's name. 

"In this greatest battle of the American Army we 
had engaged a force which, for numbers and for the 
extent of front which it held, was playing a part on the 
Western Front of which the true proportions have not 
yet been realized ; one part of the fact, however, will 
appear when it is stated that we threw three-quarters 
of a million of men into the line. In terms of hard 
fighting and difficulties overcome, the achievement of 



THE COTE DE CHATILLON 189 

our army was relatively even greater. And when the 
speed with which this mighty and successful army was 
built up, and thrown into battle is remembered, it will 
be seen in the not distant future that the battle of the 
Argonne-Meuse must long stand out as one of the 
greatest achievements of the American Nation/* 

To the Fpret d'Apremont, on the night of Septem- 
ber 30, the 167th U. S. Infantry went after its relief 
in the St Mihiel drive. It had passed a short breath- 
ing spell between Heudicourt and Nonsard, in the 
woods, but now a lot of "Boche" planes passed over 
and dropped explosives — ^probably on St. Mihiel. No 
shells landed near the regiment, but it was rather a 
"close shave." 

The afternoon of October 1 the troops were loaded 
into trucks. Annamites, the same kind of little people 
who had hauled the regiment to the Chateau-Thierry 
battle, had charge of the trucks. They still talked in 
their sing-song way, and gave the soldiers a lot of 
amusement 

Trucks ag^nl What was up? By this time the 
men seemed to shy a bit at trucks. At any rate the 
long train proceeded through Lerouville, Ligny-en- 
Barrois and Bar-le-Duc, crossing the Meuse River at 
Lerouville. Bulainville was reached about midnight 
and the trucks were soon emptied. 

At Bulainville the big guns could be heard pounding 
away at the Huns between the Meuse and the Argonne 
Forest Here the men had few billets, the weather 
was cold and damp, and considerable sickness devel- 
oped as a consequence. October 4 the regiment hiked to 



190 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Parois, in a northerly direction, and about twenty kilo- 
meters west of Verdun, spending the night on a hill- 
side. The next morning it made an early start, passing 
the old front near Avocourt where, on September 26, 
the Americans "went over*' in the big Argonne 
offensive. 

The 167th came to a halt behind the lines in the 
Foret de Montfaucon. There was evidence all about 
of recent fighting. The grotmd was thoroughly shell- 
holed and the trees bore their battle-scars. A number 
of American observation balloons were close by, and 
the "Boche'' aviators got some of them, causing the 
occupants to make quick escapes by means of 
parachutes. 

An advance by the American divisions on the regi- 
ment's front was made, accompanied by a heavy bom- 
bardment, and followed by hundreds of Huns being 
brought to the rear a little later on as prisoners. It 
was then that rumors of peace began to come in, and 
the Germans said that their comrades were dissatisfied 
and ready to quit the fight 

Just about that time the regiment^s camp presented a 
scene little pictured a short while before, for the men 
were running wildly about rejoicing as though peace 
had already come. The evening of October 10, how- 
ever, orders were received for another move, and 
called f oi; a long westward march parallel to the front 
towards the Foret d' Argonne. The regiment passed 
through Montfaucon and then west to a small woods 
about three or four kilometers east of Exermont, 
camping in the forest 

At 7:00 o'clock the next morning two officers and 



THE CCfTE DE CHATILLON 191 

two noncommissioned officers from each infantry 
company, and four officers and six noncommissioned 
officers from the Machine Gun Company, reported to 
reconnoiter the positions to be taken over. 

As Colonel Screws, while in the Foret de Mont- 
faucon, had been sent to the hospital suffering with 
influenza, Lieut-Colonel Bare had assumed command ; 
and under him the details went forward to ascertain 
dispositions to be made, and also to make reconnais- 
sances. It wa» about seven or eight kilometers they 
had to go; and, as the hollows through which they 
passed were full of gas, every man was almost ex- 
hausted when the front line was reached. 

The 1st United States Division was to be relieved. 
Its front line was on the northern edge of the Bois de 
Romagne, and the 18th Infantry, which the 167th re- 
lieved, occupied a salient in the most northern part of 
the forest The regiment reached the front just after 
dark, and en route it was slightly shelled by the enemy, 
but suffered no 'casualties. The Third Battalion and 
the Machine Gun Company took over the front line. 
The Second was in .support, with the First in reserve. 
The Supply Company moved to the Bois de Montre- 
beau, about a kilometer south of Exermont. 

The 12th and 13th passed quietly except for con- 
siderable shelling on the support positions. There our 
own artillery fired short, unfortunately, and the even- 
ing of October 13 killed two of the men in Company 
"K." Others were woimded, and in spite of repeated 
flares and telephonic reports, the gtumers showed no 
improvement. 

Patrols from Companies 'TC" and "L" were sent 



192 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

out the night of October 12 to make contact with die 
enemy. Both were fired upon and heard movements, 
but they did not come to close quarters with the enemy. 

The afternoon of October 13 the 168th Infantry, 
on the right, was suddenly ordered to shift to the east 
for almost a kilometer. As they did not wait to be 
relieved, the front line companies lost all connection 
with them, and immediately after the lowans had left 
their positions the Germans filtered in, and when Com- 
pany ''K" sent patrols to establish liaison with the 
168th, the enemy was always encountered. 

Late in the evening of October 13 attack orders 
calling for an operation of four phases were issued. 
As the 167th's position was fully a kilometer in ad- 
vance of those of the regiments on the right and left, 
the first phase of the attack merely comprised advanc- 
ing the troops of the other regiments up to the line. 

The second phase, starting at this point, was to 
carry the troops to the crest which ran east and west 
just beyond the Cote de Chatillon. The third objective 
was Landres-et-St Georges and the valley in which it 
lay, while the fourth objective was merely an exploita- 
tive line about one kilometer further north. 

It was a very difficult country in front of the regi- 
ment In front of the western half of the 167th's sec- 
tor it was open, affording no cover, and was directly 
flanked from the Cote dc Chatillon, a densely wooded 
area which lay in front of the eastern half. It was 
through these woods and along the 167th's entire front 
that the famous ''Kreimhilde Stellung" lay, and it was 
the task of the 167th to break through the position. 
Its defensive trench system was the best constructed 



THE COTE DE CHATItLON 193 

of any the men had ever gone up against, and was pro- 
tected by two heavy belts of barbed wire, each twenty 
yards wide, in perfect condition, and built on sted 



Preparatory artillery fire commenced on the night 
of October 13-14, but, unfortunately, the supporting 
artillery was still falling short, with the result that 
more casualties were suffered This*- not only con- 
tinued all night, but also during the barrage preceding 
the attack. 

In accordance with the schedule, the Third Battalion 
went "over the top,*' with "K" and "L" in the front 
line and "M" and "I" in support. Company "K" was 
supposed to be in contact with the 168th Infantry on 
the right, but the lowans had met such tremendous 
resistance in the dense woods and on Hill 288 that they 
had not been able to reach the first objective on sched- 
uled time, so that the same gap occurred during the 
attack as before it. 

Company "L," which was in liaison with the 165th 
Infantry (old 69th N. Y.) on the left, had the open 
country to the left of the Cote de Chatillon in front 
of it. The Second Battalion, which had been on the 
reverse side of the steep Hill 263, about one kilometer 
south of the northern edge of the Bois de Romagne, 
when the attack began moved forward in rear of the 
Third Battalion. In the meantime the First Battalion, 
in reserve, moved from near Exermont several kilo- 
meters forward and occupied Hill 263, which the 
Second Battalion had just left. 

As soon as the enemy saw the assaulting troops 
leave the Bois de Romagne, he laid down a heavy artil- 



194 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

lery barrage along the edge of the woods and in front 
of tfaena. As his observation from the Cote de Chatil- 
lon was excellent, his fire was very accurate. It was 
a dark, misty morning, however, so that aerial obser- 
vation was almost out of the question. 

After the troops on the right had advanced about 
200 yards, they were stopped by a heavy barbed wire 
which our artillery had not damaged to any extent; 
and the enemy's position was so cleverly arranged that 
it was impossible for the Engineers, attached as wire 
cutters, to operate with any success. 

The troops were therefore unable to occupy but a 
very small strip of the Cote de Chatillon, and that laid 
outside the enemy's wire. They did, however, suc- 
ceed by the use of rifle grenades in driving enemy ma- 
chine gunners from La Muscarde Farm, which was on 
the edge of the Cote de Chatillon, and just inside the 
wire to Company "K's" right In the meanwhile the 
Germans in a northern edge of the Bois de Romagne 
fired with effect upon the assaulting troops from the 
rear of the latter. 

As the enemy's barbed wire entanglement ran di- 
agonally across the regiment's front, the troops on the 
left were not held up as quickly, but were able to 
advance about 300 }rards farther, until finally forced 
to stop due to the heavy flanking machine gun fire from 
the Cote de Chatillon on the left. Company **I," fol- 
lowing "L" closely, reached a point in the open nearly 
abreast of "K," while Company "M," after following 
"K," until the latter was held up, returned to the edge 
of the Bois de Romagne. 

That was the disposition of the troops at nightfall 



THE COTE DE CHATILLON 195 

on October 14, when there came an order to attack 
immediately tinder cover of darkness and to take the 
Cote de Cimtillon at the point of the bayonet, without 
firing a shot, with the men working their way individ- 
ually through the northern edge of the woods. As 
the order was considered ridiculously planned, and as 
any such movement would be utterly impossible, Lieut.- 
Colonel Bare finally persuaded the issuing authority 
to rescind it. Companies "K" and 'T," with "M" in 
support, were to have made this attack. 

In the meantime Companies "L" and "I," under 
cover of darkness, were able to advance in the open, 
and the former was able to take up a position near the 
enemy's wire in a deep gully, which afforded protec- 
tion from the flanking fire, while the latter moved into 
the places left by Company "L." At this juncture 
Company "H" was put into the front line — ^to fill a 
gap on the left between the 165 th and the 167th. 
Shortly afterwards Company "K" received orders to 
drop back to the edge of the Bois de Romagne so that 
the artillery could destroy the enemy's wire. 

Early intthe morning of the 15th a strong patrol, 
consisting of a platoon from Companies "F" and "K" 
in the front line and a platoon from Company "M" in 
support, .was ordered to advance towards the Cote de 
Chatillon and determine whether the enemy had re- 
tired. The Germans, however, were still in force, and 
allowed the patrols to approach their wire without fir- 
ing upon them. Then the enemy suddenly opened up 
with machine guns with disastrous effect. At the same 
time others crawled out of their wire and threw hand 
grenades at the Alabamians, who were forced to take 



196 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

shelter in shell-holes to avoid being killed. The resdt 
was that the patrols lost heavily. The experiment 
again proved that it was impossible to capture the Cote 
de Chatillon by a frontal attack. The only solution 
appeared to be to wait until Iowa caught up and tben, 
as its position was astride the '^Kreimhilde Stetlung," 
to move to the right and get in rear of the "Bodies' " 
position and attack from that more vulnerable di- 
rection. 

Towards evening of October 14 the lowans fighting 
in the woods to the right, after capturing the difiBcuk 
positions on Hill 288, finally rushed the northern edge 
of the Bois de Romagne. Consequently, on the morn- 
ing of the 16th an attack on the Cote de Chatillon was 
launched, preceded by a heavy artillery fire during the 
night Assisting in the attack was the 151st Machine 
Gun Battalion, which fired a heavy overhead barrage 
into the woods and greatly confused the enemy in rear 
of the front line. 

Only the Alabama companies on the regiment's 
right in conjunction with Iowa attacked the place. 
These were, from right to left, *%" "M/^ one-half 
*%'' one^half "K" and "I." By moving five hundred 
yards to the right these troops got inside the eneniy's 
wire in the 168th's sector, and then turned northward 
until a hedge on the crest of the hill was reached just 
in front of the Cote de Chatillon, where the attack was 
held up. 

It was here that Captain Thomas H. Faflaw, of 
Opelika, a second lieutenant when the war b^;an and 
a sergeant at first on the Mexican border, now in com- 
mand of all these companies, seeing that the troops bad 



THE COTE DE CHATILLON 197 

been checked, jumped out in front of his men and led 
a mass charge on the machine gun ''nests'' in the 
edge of the woods. This broke the enemy'sr resistance, 
for -when they saw the Americans swarming down the 
hill in droves the "Boches" ran. 

Captain Fallaw then pushed, forward rapidly to pre- 
vent the enemy from reorganizing, and reached the 
northern edge of the Cote de Chatillon just in time to 
catch the Germans preparing a counter-attack. In- re- 
pelling this counter-attack Lieutenants Hartley £. 
Banks, of G>lumbus9 O., and Rufus A. Eichelberger, 
of Anniston, Ala., both of Company "M/' kept their 
men under control sa admirably that the enemy was 
entirely unsuccessf uL and suffered heavy losses. 

At another point Sergeant Ralph Atkinson, from 
Montgomery, of the Stokes' mortar platoon^ seeing 
several hundred Germans forming for the attack, and 
being pressed for time, held the gun between his legs 
and &red, with great accuracy and effect upon the 
Htins. 

While the companies in the front line met such heavy 
resistance. Company "G,'* which was in support, con- 
tinued to advance and reached the advanced positions 
just in time to assist ia driving off the enemy. In the 
meantime the remainder of Companies 'T" and "K," 
which were on the left of the Cote de Chatillon, were 
brought up to the line of the objective and connected 
with the rest of the troops in the woods. The First 
Battalion, which followed in support closely behind 
the attack, reached the front and relieved some of the 
companies before they had really become settled, the 
relief being completed at 2:00 a. in. on October 17. 



198 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

The troops relieved went back to Hill 263 worn cot 
from hard fighting and hardships, wet through after 
the continuous rains, and covered with mud from head 
to foot, not to mention being *'alive'' with "cooties," 

Thus the regiment had broken that famous "impreg- 
nable" position of the Germans — the "KreimhiWc 
Stellun^" — and had cleared the enemy out of his 
strongholds and machine gun nests. To indicate how 
important the position was, the High Command had 
ordered it taken by 6:00 p. m. on October 16, "or 
the division must show at least 6,000 casualties to in- 
dicate the extent of its efforts/' Alabama took it ! 

The remainder of the time spent in that sector was 
void of infantry activity, with the exception of pa- 
trols, but the enemy poured a steady stream of shells 
upon the First Battalion during its five-day stay in the 
line. la the meanwhile the other two battalions re- 
mained in the rear of Hill 263 and vainly tried to 
clean up. 

It was a welcome sight the night of October 21 when 
the 165th Infantry came to relieve the regiment AD 
the elements of the 167th were relieved during the 
night and marched through very deep mud back to the 
woods south of Exermont, in the Bois de Montrebeau. 




THE COTE DE CHATILLON 199 



HEADQUARTERS FIFTH ARMY CORPS 
American Expeditionary Force5 

France, 26 October, 1918. 

From: Commanding General, Fifth Army Corps. 

To : Commanding General, 42nd Division U. S. 

Subject: Service of 42nd Division with Fifth Army 
Corps. 

1. Upon the termination of the service of the 42nd 
Division with the Fifth Army Corps I desire to express 
tny appreciation of the manner in which portions of the 
Division have performed the missions assigned to them. 
In particular I wish to commend the following units : 

The 84th Infantry Brigade 

This brifi;ade, under the command of Brigadier Gen- 
eral Douglas MacArthur, has manifested the highest 
soldierly qualities and has rendered service of the great- 
est value durinc^ the present operations. With a dash, 
courage *and fighting spirit worthy of the best traditions 
of the American Army this brigade carried by assault the 
strongly fortified Hill 288 on the "Kreimhilde Stellung" 
and tmces^ingly pressed its advance until it had captured 
the Tuflerie Ferme and the Bois de Chatillon, thus plac- 
ing itself at least a kilometer beyond the enemy's strong 
line of resistance. During this advance the enemy fought 
with unusual determination with a first-class division and 
in many cases resorted to hand-to-hand fighting when 
our troops approached his rear. The conduct of this 
brigade has reflected honor upon the Division, the Army 
and the States from which the regiments came. 

The 67th Field Artillery Brigade 

This brigade ^s remained continually in action since 
the entrance of the Division into line, and by self-sacri- 



200 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



ficing derotion to dutj and the high skill of its officers 
and men it has contributed greatly to the success of all 
operatioofl. 

Charles P. Summerali^ 

Major General, Commanding. 

Publisher's Note. — ^The 84th Infantry Brigade was 
composed of the 167th Infantry (Ala.), the 168th In- 
fantry (lova), and the 151st Machine Gun Rattalinq 
(Ga.). 



ADVANCE OF FIRST AMERICAN ARMY 
IN ARGONNE-MEUSE BATTLE 







W«'<*mA-«4-W«J 



CHAPTER XXIV 

ok to the meuse 
(argonne drive) 

The Bois de Montrebeau lies between Exermont and 
Apremont, Ardennes. Here the 167th camped on the 
southern slope of the hill. The regimental "P. C" 
was in some elephant-iron shelters in the edge of the 
woods nearest Exermont 

Much evidence of hard fighting by the 1st United 
States Division earlier in the month was noticeable, 
and in places the woods were completely torn up by 
artillery and machine gun fire. The locality had been 
taken by that body of troops. 

The following day after their arrival the troops of 
the ^'Rainbow'' witnessed bright skies, and that made 
them a bit more cheerful. Dry weather for the next 
week enabled them to clean their clothing and to rid 
themselves of the "cooties." Buckets, bacon cans, Ger- 
man mess equipment, in fact, all available receptacles 
were pressed into this service. The only water to be 
had within a little less than a mile was that found in 
^hell-holes, which soon became dirty, rendering it unfit 
for washing purposes. 

No lights or fires were permitted at night because a 
remnant of Baron Richthofen's "Flying Circus" had 
been ho/ering around the area, and so it was necessary 

201 



202 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

to go to bed in order to keep warm. The long nights, 
fourteen hours of darkness, became ahnost unbeaxabk. 

Bombs were dropped by the enemy's planes, strikmi 
places in Exermont and Apremcmt, and in the neigh- 
borhood of the Supply Company, the latter command- 
ed by Captain John Miles Smith, of Montgomery. 
Machine gimners in the aeroplanes ^yrayed many 
thousands of bullets down on the camping places^ and 
brought down several American observation balloons 
On one occasion the enemy aviators dropped propa- 
ganda, printed in both French and English, and setting 
forth the peace program of the alleged "New German 
Democratic Government," and telling what the Ger- 
man people had done to bring about peace. At this 
time many peace rumors were in the air. The regi- 
ment was also considerably annoyed by a German 
field piece firing a high-velocity projectile at irr^ula* 
intervals, and with apparently no special target, as 
shells were thrown at random within a radius of a 
kilometer from regimental headquarters. This mys- 
terious gun caused a lot of discussion as to its location 
and as to where the next lot of **scrap-iron" would falL 

Some new clothing and equipment came and it was 
issued, including, among other things, one overcoat 
and a blanket to each man. The weather was now 
getting colder. The last "official" bath had been 
almost a month previous to this time, also in a German 
bath-house captm-ed during the St. Mihiel drive, and 
now, as another had been found, the regiment again 
went through the cleaning process. The men voiced 
their appreciation of the efficiency of the German Army 
as to bathing facilities, for the bathing and "delousing" 



I 



ON TO THE MEUSE 203 

organization of the American Army had not been 
functioning in this area for a long time. 

Miss Gertrude Bray, of Pawtucket, R. L, a **¥'* 
girl, won the hearts of the regiment by making and 
serving hot chocolate to all, the work being done under 
shell fire. Mr. Charles T. Coker, of Gadsden, Ala., 
the energetic Y. M. C. A. man associated with Miss 
Bray, also did excellent work for the regiment. 

Bombardment on the immediate front began the 
morning of November 1 at 3:30 o'clock. It was in 
preparation for the attack by the 2nd United States 
Division, the troops "going over" at 5:30. Orders to 
be ready to move at a moment's notice were received 
by the 167th, but later were cancelled. 

The regiment on the morning of November 2 moved 
forward to the left through Fleville, camping for the 
night on a hillside about two kilometers from Sommer- 
ance. The next morning it started at 7:00 o'clock 
and went through Sommerance, Landres - et - St. 
Georges, and Imecourt, camping that night on another 
hillside between the last named place and Verpel. 

While going through Imecourt the regiment heard 
a rumor that the armistice had been signed, but as the 
artillery out front kept up firing there was not much 
attention paid to the report. All along the line of the 
march were seen the effects of the terrible bombard- 
ment of November 1. The entire terrain was literally 
torn up, in numerous instances the shell-holes over- 
lapping. Wheat fields had been obliterated and dead 
Germans were lying all about. The country was cov- 
ered with great quantities of German equipment and 
many dead horses were seen. During the late after- 



204 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

noon over 300 Allied bombing planes passed overhead, 
presumably going out to shell enemy railroads, bridge- 
heads and other concentration points in the enemy's 
area. 

November 4 the march was again resumed towar 1 
the Meuse, the troops passing through Sivry-les- 
Buzancy and Bar. A halt was made for the night on 
a hillside about two kilometers north of Bar. During 
the late afternoon the enemy shelled the forks of the 
road directly in front, also the nearby woods in which 
was located an artillery echelon. It had to move "tout 
de suite." However the regimental area did not get 
any of this shelling. During the night the enemy 
planes bombed Buzancy, Bar, and neighboring towns. 

Before morning orders came that the "Rainbow" 
would go forward the following day in an attack, pass- 
ing through the 78th' Division, die latter more ad- 
vanced and slightly to the left For this attack the 
168th Infantry would be on the right and the 83rd 
Infantry Brigade on the left The First Battalion of 
the 167th, under the command of Captain George A 
Glenn, of Gadsden, was designated for the assault, 
with the Second Battalion in support and the Third 
in reserve. 

The Machine Gun Company was formed into two 
platoons, the division being necessitated by a short- 
age in the enlisted personnel. One platoon was at- 
tached to the First Battalion and one to the Second 
Battalion. The 37-millimeter platoon and the Stokes' 
mortar platoon were attached to the supporting bat« 
talion. 

The regiment moved out through Fontenoy the 



ON TO THE MEUSE 205 

morning of November 5, thence to St. Pierremont on 
the left. The First Battalion, with the accompanying 
machine guns, halted in a valley about a kilometer east 
of Verrieres and took cover ill the bushes to await the 
"zero" hour of 12 o'clock, at which time the attack 
ivas to happen. Aerial observation by the enemy was 
continued, but the airmen apparently did not see the 
troops below them. 

Verrieres had been used a$ a railhead and entrain- 
ing point by the Huns, a road having been constructed 
of heavy lumber and timbers to facilitate the move- 
ment of their wagon trains and truck convoys from the 
St. Pierremont-BrieuUes road to Verrieres. This plank 
road and the nearby railroads had, with characteristic 
German thoroughness, been blown up and rendered 
useless. 

At 12 o'clock the First Battalion *'got off," moving 
in a direction slightly east of north, with Company 
"A" on the right and Company "B" on the left. Com- 
panies "C" and ''D" were in support. As practically 
all resistance was in the nature of scattered artillery 
fire, the 167th moved forward rapidly, passing through 
Les Grandes Armoises and into the Bois du Mon-Dieu, 
making about seven kilometers before dark. 

All were near to exhaustion at the halting place, as 
it had been a very strenuous day. The country was 
very hilly, most of the fields had been plowed, and 
rain had been falling since 10:00 o'clock that morning. 
As a consequence the progress had been slow. The 
regiment camped for the night near La Grange du 
Mont. In that building Lieut.-Colonel Bare established 
the advanced post of command. 



206 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

As the First Battalion passed through Les Grandes 
Armoises, the French civilians came out of their 
houses, greeting the soldiers with great enthusiasm, 
giving them loaves of German bread, apples, and other 
things to eat The reception as given by these people, 
who had been virtually prisoners for four years, to 
' their American liberators is hard to picture in mere 

words. They were wild with joy at the thought of 
being freed from the conditions and restrictions they 
had to contend with under German domination. Dur- 
ing the day white flags had been seen flying from the 
housetops in most of the towns the regiment passed 
through, and the civilians explained they had put them 
up after the departure of the "Boches" as a signal to 
the friendly artillery that the towns contained French 
civilians. 

At 7:15 a. m. the 6th, the 167th pushed forward 
again, the battalions maintaining the same relatrve 
positions as on the previous day. Companies "C" and 
"D" passed through Companies "A" and "B,"' taking 
the front line. The rain had continued during- the 
night, and a heavy fog in the morning made observa- 
tion practically impossible. Just where the regiment 
passed through the front line of the 78th Division no 
one in the assaulting battalion knew, but "C" and *T)" 
met the first resistance in th« form of machine gun 
''nests" in the woods near Artaise-le-Vivier and were 
stopped for a short time. These were soon disposed 
of and the tmits pushed on. 

Companies "A" and "B" halted in the village of 
Artaise-le-Vivier at 10:30 o'clock to eat the noon-dav 
lunch of corned beef and hard bread. Here the 



1 
\ 



ON TO THE MEUSE 207 

French cmlians made and served the troops Uack 
coffee. Although it oontsuned neither sugar nor 
cream, St was greatly enjoyed and appreciated, as the 
regiment had not had either hot food or hot coffee 
since the early morning of the previous day. The 
civilians stated that artillery trucks, wagons trains and 
foot troops had been passing through the village for 
a month, all making for the bridgehead at Sedan, also 
that the last German troops had left the place only an 
hour previous to the arrival of the Americans. 

At noon the forward movement was resumed, pass- 
ing to the right of Artaise-le-Vivier, and on to the right 
of Maisoncelle, where it became necessary to halt to 
allow the patrols to push out and dispose of some ma- 
chine gun ^*nests" which were delivering a heavy fire 
from the edge of the Bois Rond Gtillou and from 
dumps of brushes on the left front and from the hills 
near Bulson. 

Captain Willis K Talbot, of Broken Bow, N. D., of 
the medical detachment, at this time started up the 
road towards Bulson looking for a site for a dressing 
station; but, on reaching the front line and drawing 
machine gun fire, was forced to dismount and take* 
to cover. Later he came back, having decided that 
more desirable locations were to be had back of the 
front line. 

Cavalry patrols would have been of great value in 
this advance, as it was next to impossible for infantry 
patrols, with their full packs, to keep in advance of the 
main body through this hilly and wooded country, as 
the rain and mud made their progress slow and ex- 
tremely tiresome. The infantry had often heard that 



208 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

cavalry was available and anxious to fulfill its misaoD 
when the opportunity should present itself in opco 
warfare operations such as these. For some reasoa 
however, this opportunity, the best in the war, at least 
as far as the American Army was concerned, was over- 
looked. 

Machine gun ''nests," again offering strong resist- 
ance, were encountered just north of Bulson, Com- 
panies "C" and "D" being fired upon from the valley 
on the left of the Bulson-Thelonne road and from hills 
further ahead. Companies "A" and "B," on the right, 
had moved forward over the top of a bald hill just 
northeast of Bulson, when they were heavily fired upon 
by the "nests" at a range of about 1,500 yards. As it 
was getting to be dusk, and as it was impossible for 
them to return an effective fire, they were forced to 
retire to the reverse slope, where a halt was made for 
the night. 

Companies "C" and "D" advanced and camped in 
a deep ravine northeast of Bulson, along the road lead- 
ing north from that place. The Second Battalion and 
the Third camped that night on the hillside north of 
Bulson. The advanced regimental' "P. C." was in the 
village itself. 

Lieut-Colonel Bare had received orders to push 
forward beyond the village of Thelonne during the 
night ; but, knowing that considerable resistance would 
be met with, and feeling confident that the enemy 
would retreat before morning, also that an attack with 
both flanks exposed and without artillery support 
would result in very heavy casualties, he ordered a 
halt at nightfall. 



ON TO THE MEUSE 209 

The front line during the day had progressed eleven 
kilometers in depth — ^that is, as the crow flies, but had 
in reality moved a much greater distance through 
woods, over hills, and down and up deep ravines, and 
through a rain for most of the time. 

Throughout this area trees had been felled across 
roads, all bridges had been blown up, and the men were 
often required to wade through swollen streams. 

The Machine Gun Company and the 37-millimeter 
platoon had the greatest difficulty, as it was often nec- 
essary to hastily build bridges, or to practically carry 
mules and carts across these streams ; for the animals, 
in addition to being weakened by the lack of forage, 
were often stubborn, and there is no form of verbal 
argument to move a mule. 

Speaking of this country, the great French strate- 
gist and Allied leader, Marshal Foch, stated in an in- 
terview: "The Argonne and the heights of the Meuse 
were a hard sector to tackle. There were there con- 
siderable obstacles." 

That night a steady artillery and machine gun fire 
was kept up by the enemy, raining down on the roads, 
woods and valleys, but inflicting no casualties in the 
regiment. The skies to the rear of the Hun's lines 
indicated he was destroying material he could no 
longer carry. 

Lieut.-Colonel Bare favored waiting on November 
7 until troops came up on the right and left flanks, but 
Corps orders called for a rapid advance; and, as a 
result, the regiment suffered many casualties. 

At 6:30 a. m. on November 7 the Second Battalion, 
with the second platoon of the Machine Gun Company, 



210 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

passed through the First Battalion, going into the 
front line. Captain Abner G. Flowers, of Ozark, was 
in command, and it went forward in a thick fog on the 
Bulson-Thelonne road in columns of twos tmtil oppo- 
site the hill west of Thelonne, when it formed in com- 
bat groups to the left and moved up the hill. Com- 
panies "E" and "G," on the right and left, respectively, 
formed the assaulting line, with 'T" and "H" in sup- 
port During the advance up therhill, a very steep one, 
the battalion was subjected to a heavy shdl fire from 
the enemy's "77's" located across the river. 

The l».ttalion moved forward to the village of 
Noyers after it reached the cresf of the hill. As they 
were being fired upon by machine guns, "E" and "G" 
halted when they got to the woods, took up the fire, 
and forced the Htms to fall back. Companies *T** 
and "H" at this time were on the top of the hill about 
300 yards in rear of the two forward companies. Sud- 
denly the fog lifted, exposing them to view, and the 
enemy opened up a heavy fire upon them with machine 
guns and trench mortars, inflicting many casualties. 
The two companies, 'T" and "H," were forced to take 
cover on the counter slope of the hill. The fire of 
Companies 'TE" and "G" having driven the enemy off, 
the entire battalion advanced* to the ravine southwest 
of Noyers, taking up a position for the night. 

Among thos^ wounded were Lieutenant Lew 
Trayser, acting battalion adjutant, of St. Louis, Mo., 
and Lieutenant Ernest T. Bell, of Company "H," from 
Newton, la., the latter dying later; Lieutenant Q. M. 
Hiller, from Kohka, Mo., of Company "G," and Bat- 
talion Sergeant Major Fred R. Ross, of Bessemer, 



- ON TO THE MEUSE 211 

Ala. Captain Abner G. Flowers, during the heavy 
shelling the battalion got that night, was wounded by 
a, shell splinter. However, in the latter instance, very 
few casualties occurred because of the shelter afforded 
by the deep ravine. 

The Third Battalion, now under Captain Thomas 
H. Fallaw, of Opdika, early in the morning had moved 
forward to a point about one kilometer southwest of 
Xhelonne, ancl had taken cover behind the high road 
embankment at that place. Here a disposition was 
made as follows: Company "M" to adv^ance and take 
Thelonne; a strong patrol of one-half of Companies 
''K" and *TL" to push forward and establish a position 
on the Meuse River to the right of Pont Maugis ; Com- 
pany "I" and the balance of Companies "K" and "U* 
to remain in support. 

Company "M" moved forward at 12 o'clock, driv- 
ing the remaining Germans out of Thelonne and estab- 
lishing outposts in. advance of the town. Patrols of 
"K" and "L," moving forward at 1 :(X) p. m., passed 
through Company "M's" outposts and pushed on to 
the river, which was reached at 2:15 p. m. These 
patrols were the first troops of the division to get to 
the Meuse. ^*-v^-^^v- . -v^.^. - 
^ Durmg the advance the patrols were heavily shelled 
by the enemy's artillery at close range, Company "L** 
losing about five men in killed and wounded. This 
was the 7th of November, 1918, with the signing of 
the armistice only four dajrs off and men being killed 
and wounded, but of course at the time the troops did 
not know the time before the hostilities were to cease 
was so brief. 



212 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

The kitchens of the Third Battalion came up at 4KX) 
p. m., serving hot meals under a heavy madiine gun 
and shell fire. The companies in support remained in 
the same positions during the day, that evening mov- 
ing back towards Bulson, where camp was made on the 
hillside for the night 

On the hill to the right of Pont Maugis Lieutenant 
Estep, an official photographer fronfA. E, F. head- 
quarters, was killed. He had gone out with the ad- 
vanced patrols, had taken a number of pictures, and 
was returning to the rear when killed by the high 
explosive shell. 

Most of the resistance met with in this advance was 
in the way of machine gun "nests." In falling back 
the enemy gunners made use of an animal-drawn 
wagon, by means of which the machine guns were 
transported back to previously prepared positions. 
Here the guns were again set up, firing until the patrols 
forced them out of their "nests." 

It had been f or*weeks, and was now, a sad game the 
once powerful German Army was playing; for, as 
previously stated, the Huns had lost the war — ^first in 
the Champagne, and at Chateau-Thierry, and now^ 
they were only trying to "sneak out to save their 
faces." 

Late that afternoon the kitchens of the First Bat- 
talion arrived with hot food. It was a memorable 
occasion, for the men had only two days' reserve ra- 
tions to supply them almost three days. As no hot 
food had been received since the early morning of 
November S, about sixty hours before, the reception 



ON TO THE MEUSE 213 

given the contents of the kitchens may be easily 
pictured. 

It was, however, the fault of the enemy, who had so 
completely blown up roads and bridges (and every- 
thing else he could find to destroy) , that Captain Smith* 
with his faithful followers, had been tmable to get up 
to the front The wagon train, kitchens and cooks 
had been on the road day and night since leaving 
Fontenoy, and the men had received very little sleep 
and rest. The Supply Company, in its efforts to 
advance, had been obliged to f tmction as an engineer 
outfit, and the time thus lost, besides that on steep 
hills, muddy roads, in ravines and in traffic jams, had 
made progress slow for it. 

Just before darkness came the battalion moved back 
to the hills south of Bulson. Those who* were fortu- 
nate passed the night in some aeroplane hangars, the 
bthers pitching shelter-tents in the rain. During the 
day the front line had gone forward five kilometers, 
under adverse weather conditions, and over a terrain 
which was extremely difficult 

On the 7th Q)lonel Screws had established regi- 
mental headquarters in Bulson. On the 8th units of 
Company "I" moved to the river to the right of Pont 
Maugis; 'TC" and "L" Companies and the first pla- 
toon of the Machine Gun Company moved to Beau 
Menil Farm; Company "M" remained in Thelonne. 
The First Battalion moved into Bulson and the Second 
into the hangars south of Bulson. The sector of the 
Second Battalion had been taken over by the French, 
who had been on the left 

During the day the enemy shelled several towns 



214 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

along the river, setting fire to most of them, and that 
night began to shell Bulson, also the roads leading into 
it, killing and wounding many men and animals of the 
artillery imit then passing through the place. 

The first shell thrown into the town struck near the 
167th's regimental headquarters, shattering glass in 
the windows of the house. Fortunately for Colonel 
Screws and his staff, the Hun gunners decided to 
change elevation or direction ; for, although shells fell 
in and about the village, during the night, the colonel's 
billet escaped harm. 

Before noon most of the civilians had left Bulson, 
and the First Battalion was more or less scattered. 
Company "A" having to evacuate its billet — a large 
farmhouse which had received a direct hit? the shell 
wounding several and killing Corporal Jesse J. Har- 
well, of Mobile, who was the last man of the 167th 
to lose his life in battle. 

At noon regimental headquarters, the Headquarters 
Company, the First Battalion, the Second Battalion 
and the second platoon of the Machine Gun Company 
moved through Maisoncelle to Artaise-le-Vivier, where 
the Third Battalion and the first platoon of the Ma- 
chine Gun Company arrived in the late afternoon, hav- 
ing been relieved by elements of the 77th Division. 
On the morning of November 10 the Supply Company, 
which had been at Chemery, rejoined the regiment 
The entire command moved at 7 iOO a. m. to Les Petites 
Armoises. 

In but a little over two days the regiment had ad- 
vanced' 23 kilometers, successfully breaking down the 
enemy's rear-guard machine gun resistance, and had 



ON TO THE MEUSE 215 

reached the Meuse River in advance of any other units 
of the 42nd Division, The advance to the Meuse, in 
its swiftness and power of drive, was the crowning act 
and final fighting achievement of the Alabama regi- 
ment in the great war. 

The thrill of entering village after village and town 
after town of reconquered France; of greeting the 
overjoyed, repatriated citizens; of receiving their 
heart-felt thanks, and of pushing on, even though 
almost dragging with fatigue — to drive the Huns on 
and on till the Meuse itself was reached, can never be 
forgotten by those of the regiment who have lived 
through it all. It was a signal, final service, efficiently, 
nobly and rapidly performed, and a National Guard 
regiment had done it ! 



CHAPTER XXV 

marching through hunland 
(peace at last) 

Before I pass onward in this chapter I quote bdow 
"Bulletin of Information No. 21, November 13, 1918, 
42nd Div., A. E. F., Second Section, General StaflF/' 
as follows: 

"The 42nd Division has now been in France for 
more than a year. From the time it assembled from 
the ports of debarkation the division has remained 
entirely in the zone of the Armies, its first training 
area being within the sound of the guns of St MihieL 

"In February, 1918, the division first went into line, 
and has been in contact with the enemy almost con- 
tinuously since that time, tmtil tha armistice signed by 
the Germans on November 11, 1918. Out of the 224 
days of the great war which have elapsed since it first 
entered the line, the division has been engaged with the 
enemy 180 days, and the balance of the time has been 
spent in moving from front to front, or in reserve 
close behind the front 

"The division has marched by road, traveled by 
camion, and moved by train ; it has held a wide sector 
front in Lorraine ; it has been in battle in the Cham- 
pagne, in the Chateau-Thierry drive, in the Woevre, 
at St Mihiel and in the Argonne. It was the only 
American division to assist in the disastrous defeat 

216 



SEDAN ASEA IN WHICH 167tfa INFANTRY 
OPEKATED WHEN WAR CLOSED 



W-X-E 



4 k. • 



A' . 



;:i 3 



MARCHING THROUGH HUNLAND 217 

of the great German offensive of July 15 on the battle- 
field in the Champagne. From that time on it has 
taken part in every large American operation, 

"In November, when German power was finally 
broken, the division, as it lay before Sedan, had 
reached the northernmost point attained by the First 
American Army in its magnificent advance. 

"The American High Command has long rated and 
employed the 42nd Division as a first-class 'shock* 
division. The French commanders, under whom the 
division has served, have cited it in orders, and now 
a captured German document shows the regard in 
which the division has been held by the enemy. The 
Weekly Summary of Information' for October 9, 
1918, of the 'German Group of Armies* which held 
the front from the Argonne to the Meuse, enumerates 
the American units on its front, and makes the fol- 
lowing statement: 

"'The engagement of the 42nd Division is to be 
expected soon. It is in splendid fighting condition, 
and is coimted among the best American divisions.' 

"In the course of its service the division has taken 
prisoners from twenty-six enemy divisions, including 
three Imperial Guard divisions, and separate units, as 
follows: 

"1st Guard, 3rd Guard, 4th Guard, 10th, 13th, 28th, 
40th, 41st, 52nd, 96th, 192nd, 19Sth, 201st, 202nd, 
203rd, 216th, 227th, 233rd; 14th Reserve, 77th Re- 
serve, 6th Bavarian Reserve ; 5th Landwehr, 8th Land- 
wehr, 10th Landwehr, 21st Landwehr; 35th Austro- 
Hungarian; Foot Artillery Regiments, 3rd, 30th, 
42nd, 51st, 65th, and 51st Landwehr; XVth Ersatz 



218 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Foot Artillery Battalion; 70th Sotind Ranging 
Troops ; 14th- Sturm Battalion ; 67th and 97th Labor 
Battalions; 53rd Field Artillery; 216th Agricultural 
Battalion; 20th Flight, Hq. Xlllth Army Corps; IStfa 
Electric Battalion; 16th Sharpshooter Machine Gun; 
4th Minenwerfer Battalion; 78th Field Artillery; 
22nd Railway Section; Xlllth Ludwigsburg Regi- 
ment ; 3rd Telegraph Battalion, and 657th Intelligence 
Section." 

A short march from Les Petites Armoises brought 
the regiment to Boult-aux-Bois. At the last named 
place the 167th U. S. Infantry arrived "Armistice 
Day," November 11, 1918. A weary, war-torn and 
bleeding world had at last been set free from the 
rule of Mars. The firing in the great war ceased at 
11 a. m. Old people, bent with years, straightened 
up; the pallor began to fade from little children's 
cheeks, and all nature smiled for the first time in over 
four years — since the day the Huns let loose on' the 
world the blight of all the centuries, the cruel and 
devastating war ! 

Rumors had been reaching the troops, but it all 
seemed too good to be true. While they were en route 
to Boult, however, they passed French civilians, who 
shouted to them that the armistice had been signed. 
After the arrival in the town the officers were assem- 
bled and given the official news. Then the troops were 
told of the glad tidings. They received the annouAce- 
ment with a quiet significance. There was no cheer- 
ing, no outward signs of enthusiasm, for they were 
glad beyond expression. 

Chaplain Fred R. Davies» of Indianapolis, Ind^ 



MARCHING THROUGH HUNLAND 219 

and Chaplain Charles G. Gtinn, of Lamar, Mo., who 
reported to the regiment that day for duty, held a 
short service of thanks to God in a little half-ruined 
church, and had a large attendance. One of the mem- 
bers of the band played the "Doxology" on the old 
organ, while over 300 men poured out their thank- 
fulness by singing "Praise God, from Whom All 
Blessings Flow." 

On this day Colonel Screws was placed in command 
of the 84th Infantry Brigade, "Rainbow" Division, 
Brigadier General Douglas MacArthur, by order of 
General Headquarters, having assumed command of 
the division. Lieut-Colonel Bare assumed command 
of the regiment, with Captain James A. Webb as his 
adjutant, and Captain Herbert B. May, formerly ad- 
jutant, went with Colonel Screws to the brigade. All 
were native sons of Alabama (except Brig.-Gen'l 
MacArthur), and the changes tended to indicate that 
promotions were ahead. Later, however, these officers 
were returned to their former commands and duties. 
"Cest la guerre !" 

The regiment spent two days at Boult, then left for 
Imecourt, the village where, ten days before, false 
news of peace had come to many of the Alabamians. 
November 14 the 167th moved into the valley by Lan- 
dres-et-St. Georges, where the entire "Rainbow" Divi- 
sion was assembled. Not far off was the Cote de 
Chatillon with all its frightful memories, but now a 
place made famous in European and American history 
by the heroism of the Alabamians and those of other 
States then serving with the regiment. It is where 
those men broke through the "Hindenburg" line. 



220 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Nearly every unit had on hand a liberal supply of 
signal flares, and hardly had darkness come on before 
the skies were aflame with rockets celebrating^ the 
coming of peace and the assemblage of the division. 

About this time the 167th received 650 replacements 
from the 123rd U. S. Infantry of the "Dixie" (31st) 
Division, from Camp Wheeler, Ga. The division had 
landed in France too late to see fighting service. A 
large portion of these men were from Alabama, for- 
mer National Guardsmen, and were glad to join the 
famous regiment. 

A 23-kilometer hike, after the two-day rest at 
Landres-et-St Georges, took the 167th across the 
Meuse at Dun-sur-Meuse at noon and on to Brande- 
ville. There new clothes were drawn, winter caps 
being issued, rolling stock was cleaned up, and worn 
out wagons, kitchens and water carts replaced- The 
Supply Company worked at this job night and day. 
Another German bath-house gave the men a chance 
to wash up. Among other things found there were 
several barrels of sauerkraut the "square heads" had, 
in their haste to get away, left behind. The town had 
been a German supply bsise. 4 

At Brandeville riunors previously heard that the 
"Rainbow" Division would be a part of the Army of 
Occupation in Germany took definite shape. The 
news was confirmed, and was greeted with joy by the 
troops, for a march to the Rhine, into the enemy's 
country, meant a crowning reward for the year's toil 
in France. It was a signal honor for the division and 
consequently for one of its regiments; the 167th In- 
fantry. 



MARCHING THROUGH HUNLAND 221 

While the regiment was at the place Colonel Screws 
came back to it from the leadership of the brigade. It 
"was of course a big disappointment to the officers and 
TXien of the regiment ; for, though they all worshipped 
tlie Colonel, they knew he should long ago have been 
xnade a brigadier-general on account of his services. 

November 20 the march through the country to 
the Rhine began. One day's hike, with a stop for the 
night at Ville Qoye, and the second day brought the 
167th into Belgium, and it biUeted the night of the 
21st at St Mard. 

The Belgians were tremendously overjoyed, and 
the reception they gave the regiment was very en- 
thusiastic Garlands of flowers and decorations of 
every sort were hung along the roadways, schools re- 
cessed and the children sang. Flags waved from many 
hotises, many of them being "The Stars and Stripes." 
£ffigks of the kaiser were to be seen all about, and 
they were knocked down by the civilians as the troops 
went by. Local bands played, and signs were seen 
reading "To Our Deliverers;" "Honor to the Van- 
quishers!" "Homage to the Victors," and the like. 
Thousands of cries of "Vive TAmerique!" "Vive 
Wilson !" and similar ones, were heard on every hand. 
The 167th's band marched at the head of the column 
playing "The Star-Spangled Banner" and 'TDixie." 

£a£h night's stop was pleasant, for the natives dis- 
played every possible kindness and gave the repment 
the most cordial welcome. The line of nriarch was in 
a generally northeasterly direction, across lower Bel- 
gium, and on November 22 the town of Habergy was 
reached. The next day the regiment passed through 



222 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

the outskirts of Arlbn and then marched across the 
border at noon into Luxembourg, between the towns 
of Waltzing and Eischen, arriving at Hobscheid at 
3 p. m. The last-named place lies about twenty kilo- 
meters northwest of the city of Luxembourg. 

The 167th remained at Hobscheid till November 
30. The weather was very cold and the mountainous 
scenery beautiful. Thanksgiving Day was rather a 
dismal one. During the stay at this place close order 
drills were held, and on November 29 the division 
was reviewed by Major General Flagler, its new 
commander. 

On December 1 the regiment left Hobscheid and 
reached a place called Steinsel that evening. On the 
3rd of December the boundary between Luxembourg 
and Germany was crossed at 4: 10 p. m. The regiment 
proceeded through a number of German villages and 
towns in the Rhine Provinces, and eight days after 
leaving Hobscheid it arrived at Dockweiler, Germany, 
December 8. The regiment's first night in Germany 
had been passed billeting in the homes of the natives 
at Rahlingen and Godendorf , northeast of the city of 
Luxembourg and just across the border line. Regi- 
mental headquarters on December 8 were in Dock- 
weiler, and five days were spent there. 

Many a tourist has tramped those roads and viewed 
the splendid scenery through which the regiment 
passed on that march. Most of the route lay through 
hilly, wooded country, crowned with magnificent pine 
groves, and broken here and there by jagged cliffs and 
deep valleys, down the sides of which tumbled swiftly 
moving mountain streams. During the march the 



MARCHING THROUGH HUNLAND 223 

mam highways were reserved for the artillery of the 
division. The infantry took roads that were good 
enough, but not up to the high standard of the others. 
The route taken by the foot soldiers generally sur- 
passed in scenic effect the others, but was far more 
hilly. From the crests of hills the villages could be 
seen nestling in the valleys below, while off yonder on 
some peak rested the ruins of an ancient castle. 

No trouble whatever was experienced on the march. 
The Germans did not know what to expect nor did 
the regiment From the crossing of the border an 
advance guard had been thrown out, but it was always 
preceded by a billeting party. The latter went on 
ahead and secured the necessary billets for itself and 
the troops in the rear. When the troops rolled into 
a town or village, all the men had to do was to fall 
down in the good German beds and go to sleep. The 
Alabamians were greatly impressed at seeing so many 
young children in Germany, the village streets being 
jammed with them. 

From Dockweiler it was a three-day march to the 
Rhine. Regimental headquarters were successively at 
Boos and Wehr. The second day of the hike the 
troops passed through the ancient walled town of 
Mayen, a former dependency of Rome. Its city rights 
dated back to 1291. It was a notable day for Alabama 
when her sons, Colonel Screws on horseback at their 
head, and the band following him, marched through 
the old gateway. 

But December 16, 1918, was the happiest of all. 
All day the regiment nriarched down the valleys lead- 
ing to the Rhine, the scenery becoming more beauti- 



224 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

fui the nearer the 167th got to the river. As the 
troops approached, the rainbow appeared over the 
Rhine valley. The omen had ever been visible to 
the regiment on momentous occasions. That very day 
the Alabamians, their band playing '^Dixie,*' enteivd ii 
Sinzig. ^' 

Colonel Screws, their beloved chieftain, took up his 
residence in a beautiful chateau, a real '^castle on tbe 
Rhine;" the Third Battalion, the Regimental Head- 
quarters, Headquarters Company, the Machine Gtm 
Company and Supply Company were billeted in the 
town; the Second Battalion went out to Westum, one 
kilometer away, and the First Battalion to Lohndorf , 
four kilometers beyond Westum. Alabama troops 
were in Germany keeping the Hun back across the 
Rhine I 



( 



CHAPTER XXVI 

ufe on the rhine 
(army of occupation) 

No sooner had the regiment settled down than or- 
ders came for the troops to resume the training sched- 
ules. The officers and men were of course tired out 
from the long march through a part of France, a part 
of Belgium, clear across Luxembourg, and to the Rhine 
through a part of Germany. Too, they had fought 
hard in the war and they wanted to rest a while. All 
that made no difference — ^the orders were not to be dis- 
obeyed, and so the companies went back to the drill 
fields and to the rifle ranges. 

Fortunately, the billets provided for the men were 
far more comfortable than they had in France — ^when 
they were not fighting or sleeping on the ground. As 
a matter of fact, the Alabama soldiers knew little 
about sleeping indoors, for "rest areas" were un- 
known to them. What little sleep in beds they had in 
France was broken by the frequent explosions of Ger- 
man shells in the various villages. After a while 
they learned it was safer to sleep in the fields sur- 
rounding the villages, so that the "Boche," when he 
flew over the places and dropped his "eggs," missed 
the Alabamians snoozing soundly outside. 

No bombs were falling in Germany, however, and 
the officers and men did enjoy those good Hun beds, 

225 



226 ALABAMA'S 0^\^ IN FRANCE 

even though they knew the natives were designedh 
trying to make the Americans praise the cleanliness 
of the Germans as compared with that of the Frenci. 
There is the joke— the Americans "soft-soaped" the 
''Square Heads" by telling them they were neater and 
more cleanly than the French, and so got ^)lendid 
results. It is doubtful if the former really ever saw 
through the "salve" work. If they did, no one ever 
knew it, for they continued their eflForts to please their 
"guests" from across the Atlantic Mind you, too, 
these "lodgers" paid nothing for their rooms^ They 
were, by the terms of the armistice, charged up to the 
then unstable German Government. 

The officers and men did not eat at the tables of their 
"hosts," but regular messes for the troops were main- 
tained as is customary in the army. However, so 
anxious were the Huns to make a favorable impres- 
sion on the "visitors" that plates of tempting food 
were often served to the soldiers, all without cost 
The German girls— ^ond some of them were very at- 
tractive—now and then made candy and cakes for the 
men billeted in their homes. Numbers of flirtations 
came about — indeed, there were genuine love afiEairs, 
the old folks seeming to approve of them. Of course 
all these things happened imder cover, as there was 
a strict army order against fraternization. 

One could buy anything with a piece of chocolate 
or a cake of good soap. In fact the Germans often 
refused to take money for what the soldiers wanted, 
but promptly accepted chocolate or soap in payment 
Such articles had been unknown for many months 
prior to the coming of the Americans. Just ask any 



UFE ON THE RHINE 227 

doughboy ; he will tell you all about this. It is a long 
story. As a result, however, the Red Cross canteens 
and warehouses were pestered continually by the men 
asking for chocolate. It caused the uninitiated to 
think "this man's army*' had suddenly become choc- 
olate crazed. 

But let me caution the reader not to think the 
"Heinies" or their daughters or wives were hungry. 
Far be it from me to intimate that — the people in that 
section were strong, stout and healthy. They even 
had the well-known German ruddiness in their cheeks. 
They did not need clothes or shoes either. One could 
not see about him the emaciated, starving people re- 
ferred to in the American newspapers during the last 
months of the fighting. The natives all appeared well 
nourished. But, as the "doughboy" will tell you, 
a pronounced chocolate and soap famine existed. 

The American soldier after a fight is a very differ- 
ent person to what he was in the fight. That was 
. dearly evident along the Rhine. And there are no 
other soldiers in the world who can make themselves 
quite as agreeable to a conquered race as can the 
/Americans. Too, there are no other soldiers who 
can beat the Americans getting "wise" to a situation. 
I may add here that the Alabamians did not fare badly 
while in the land of the Huns. Their own mothers, 
jif they could have seen them, would not have shed 
Wrs because their sons were uncomfortable. 

On the whole, there was too much fraternizing. It 
was not confined to our troops, however, for the Eng- 
lish indulged in it aroimd Bonn, Cologne, and other 
places in their sector of the occupied territory. As 



228 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

stated before, it is unlike American nature for tix 
"Sammies" to remain aloof or haughty. They ait 
always ready and willing to meet the conquered ract 
more than half-way. So long as their officers were 
not near, the "doughboys" sat in cafes with the Ger- 
man lassies-— even drank beer with them. And our 
men simply had to play with the small boys and g^ris. 
The German youngster of the Rhine country is very 
much like the boy of his years in America — always 
fighting. But, as you will agree, the Alabamians had 
to seek relaxation after all they had experienced dur- 
ing the war. 

An American General, because of this tendency, had 
to issue an order. It read as follows: 

"You are not in friendly territory. Its inhabitants 
are your enemies. You are not in state of peace; 
hostilities are merely suspended. The enemy popula- 
tion about us is composed not only of people who have 
not had an active part m the war but of discharged 
officers and soldiers, perhaps of officers and soldiers 
not yet discharged. The families have lost sons, 
brothers and fathers. They have suffered discomfort 
and privation. They supported an unjust war. 

"They resent their losses. They have been taught 
to hate. There is no reason conceivable for their 
being tndy friendly to us. By appearing friendly 
they may study our character, discover our weak- 
nesses, establish profitable connections, become pos- 
sessed of information of military importance. There 
is no real friendliness. There is only its appearance 
for calculated profit. 

"The officers and soldiers from these people burned, 



LIFE ON THE RHINE 229 

tcktdf looted, raped* enslaved^ murdered, drowned, 
destroTed, treacherously called 'kameradr Their 
gcnremmaat violated every humane principle of inter- 
iisttional law, whined about legitimate hostile acts 
stgainst itself. Its victims were women and children 
suid civilian men on land and sea, as well as soldiers 
axid sailors. The German Government and its army 
^wrere cruel, savage, lustful. Robbery, pillage, treach- 
ery, torture, bribery, calculated and malevolent bru- 
tality were their instruments. 

^A people from whom such an army came cannot 
possibly in a month have become our friends. They 
are our enemies. We are theirs. 

^We are among a hostile, war-like people, trained 
in military life— skilful, quick and bitter in criticism, 
hating the United States because of its decisive part in 
their defeat, servile and ingratiating in the hope of 
benefits— curious, inquisitive, selfish, brutal at heart 

Tet us by our military bearing, appearance, cour- 
tesy and conduct show that we are the best soldiers 
in Europe. Let us try by our dignity, calmness, aloof- 
ness, justice and severity prove true to the memory of 
our fallen comrades. L^ us by our straight living, 
good habits, pride, courage and self-reliance give 
reason for a just estimate of our countrymen. Let us 
by self-<liscipline, by supervision and by performance 
of the duties of command prepare ourselves for a 
resumption of war, for a continuance of the suspen- 
sion of hostilities or for that peace which has been the 
purpose of the war." 

It was indeed a splendid document, and it embraced 
just the advice our soldiers needed, but — how are you 



230 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

going to stop a brave^ handsome and healtfaj America 
soldier from seeking companionship with a prettj 
German girl, particularly if the latter goes around 
looking for a romance? Our men in the islands oi 
the Pacific had tete-a-tetes with the dusky H^m<fflx 
out there— the German girls are not any worse 
Space forbids my writing all I know about this fra- 
ternization subject. It was, however, a most inter- 
esting study. 

Christmas came and the men enjoyed themselves 
even though on foreign soil. There was not, how- 
ever, a Christmas-tree provided for the little "Heinies" 
as had been, the previous Christmas, fixed up for tiie 
French tots. But, and it was astounding, all through 
the Rhineland the German stores were full of good 
toys, and the parents of the children seemed to have 
enough money to buy the articles and to make their 
little ones happy on that day. It is certain that many 
American boys and girls would have been overjoyed 
with such presents. Though the Huns had been at 
war over four years, on that day the fact was certainly 
forgotten by them. The cities of Coblenz and Cologne 
at that time were full of apparent gladness, and one 
could easily imagine himself in some large American 
place. 

After the holidays the troops again resumed the 
training programs. The war was still on, though 
there was no fighting taking place. Furthermore, the 
Alabamians were happy — ^just as happy as they could 
be in Germany — and they did not want more scrap- 
ping. They were quite willing to be "tin" soldiers 
once more. They roamed about over the surrounding 



UFE ON THE RHINE 231 

hills» along the beautiful valleys, and made trips by 
train and by automobile or motor-truck into the sur- 
rounding country, and visited the cities along the 
Rhine. Ancient castles received the attention of many 
of them, while others did not care for such relics of 
past centuries. Officers and enlisted men secured a 
few days off and returned to Prance for a short sight- 
seeing trip. Many went to Paris, to Nice, and other 
points of interest. A few tried the life of Brussels, 
finding it even gayer than that of the French capital. 
It would not be too much to say that at this time the 
American Army was touring Europe. 

Pleasure trips on the splendid Rhine steamers were 
arranged for the soldiers by the army authorities, and 
thousands enjoyed the thrill of travel on that famous 
river. Stops were made at Cologne, Bonn, Remagen, 
Andemach, Coblenz and other places. Later on ice 
formed in the back waters of the Rhine and the men 
enjoyed skating. The German girls were there to 
help out the best they could in the face of the anti- 
fraternization orders. Some day when you ask a 
"doughboy^' where he learned to skate on ice, he will 
tell you and let you know, perhaps, the name of the 
''f raulein^' who taught him. 

The American Army indulged in no "rough house*' 
stuff in Germany. One would have thought the troops 
had been living among the Huns .for years, so peace- 
like was the atmosphere. Riding through some vil- 
lage one could see a soldier sweeping off the sidewalk 
in front of a native's home — for the time being, his 
own home — and the lady of the house helping him 
make a good job of it. There, at the window in an- 



232 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

other house, one would see "Sannme" sitting qnictiT 
and reading a book or magazine, perhaps a loire4ctter, 
sent him by a thoughtful person back in the States 
Even if the hospitality of the ''Bodies'' was feigned, 
it was so dose to the genuine artide that one could 
scarcely tell the difference. I must think that onr 
troops will always remember in a kindly manner the 
attention shown them and the consideration given tbeir 
wdf are by those natives between Coblenz and Cologne. 
Of course it is unfair to the French to make any com- 
parisons, because the poor 'Trogs" had been through 
a terrible ordeal for several years when our army 
reached France. The enemy had been right at their 
doors and the French people were borne down with 
sorrow and misfortune. On the other hand, these 
Rhinelanders had been far removed from the theater 
of war. 

On Saturday, February 1, 1919, the Alabama regi- 
ment began the publication of The Alabamian, a 
newspaper with its office in Room No. 5, Jagerhof, 
Bachoven Strasse, Sinzig. In making its bow to 
prospective readers, it said: 

"As The Alabamian makes its bow, it wishes to 
explaint why it is, and what it hopes to be. . As the 
First Battalion would put it, *The rest of the regiment 
is so far off, that they have no means of knowing all 
the big things we are doing out here/ And then 
there is the case of the Headquarters Company man 
who adced if it was true that the First and Second 
Battalions had all been sent on leave to Nice— he never 
saw them any more. The 'why* of The Atabatman 
is thus obvious. 



LIFE ON THE RHINE 233 



€€ 



^And to bridge that great stretch of up-hill, muddy 
roaxl between Lohndorf and Sinzig via Westum is 
^what The Alahamian hopes to do. From time to 
time Sinzig will thus have interesting accounts of the 
crop prospects in Lohndorf and Westum, while these 
toivns will be kept informed on the amount of refresh- 
ment available for export in Sinzig. And then, too, 
*the ^wealthy agriculturist in Lohndorf stated the other 
day that he would back his foot-ball team to the extent 
of a bushel of kartoffeln (German 'spuds') against 
anything the regiment could show. It is just such 
daring challenges as this that The Alabamian wishes 
to publish. 

"Ceasing to be serious, however, the paper hopes to 
really bridge that long road, to bring the battalions 
closer together, to encotu-age athletic competitions, 
and to spread the news of the achievements of one to 
aU. 

"But to do this the paper needs your help. It is 
the regiment's own and it must have the regiment's 
aid. Send in your news, 4iappenings, announcements, 
the humorous and the sad. All contributions may 
be left at the ^JsLgtrhoip' opposite the photo store, 
Sinzig.** 

Under the caption "Rhjrmed Rheviews," the paper 
carried on that date : 

Welcome back to our city, Chaplain Beau Brummel Smith, 

We thought your existence was merely a myth ; 

But now you return with London-cut clothes, 

An Adonis divine from your head to your toes, 

We hope that well soon get some smashing good sermons 

Athtrkiiuc wild women, bad liquor and Germans. 



234 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Major Joerg's Sturm Tnippen are said to be thrifty. 

But now they desire to bet pfennigs pfifty. 

They think that their football team's pretty damn pfine; 

If it wasn't so pfunny, 

We'd take in the money, 

And bet on the team from Sinzig on Rhine. 

Chaplain Davies, in Westum, has started a college 
Devoted to learning and the spreading of knowledgi^ 
Of Art, Archeology, 
Spelling, Theology, 
Reading and Writing, 
Hand-to-hand Fighting, 
House Decorating, 
Dancing and Skating, 
History, 
Mystery, 

Palmistry, 
Chemistry. 

Open all year, 

Tuition not dear. 

Fire Proof Housing, 

With Plant for Delousing. 

Fine Southern Exposure, Ideal Situation, 

Send for our booklet for full information. 

Rumors are flying about fast and furious, 

Some good, some bad and all of them curious; 

We're leaving next Christmas, or maybe this evening; 

Or any damn day of the time intervening. 

On this grave situation. 

From a source influential. 

There comes information, 

Of course confidential, 

That we leave on the (insert date you desire). 

Tell this to your friends, they may say you're a liar. 

But be sure that you mention the steamer by name. 

And be sure that each time the name is the same. 

If you don't think you have enough dollars to start yon 

In business, just bet on the date of departure. 

— BlSWRX. 



UFE ON THE RHINE 235 

• 

The paper was printed by J. Walterscheid, a resident 
f Sinzig, who, in addition to the printing press, was 
business there, keeping stationery, smokers' articles, 
ovdties and souvenirs. His store was No. 73 
!^luhlenbach Strasse. Other German merchants had 
paid advertisements in The Alahamian. 

G>untless pages might be written about this period 

of the regiment's history, but space and time forbid, 

so I shall quote a few facts as taken from copies of 

The Alabamian^ its issues from February 1, 1919, to 

^arch 22, following, and then close this chapter* 

On Thursday, January 30, 1919, five boxing bouts 
of unusual interest were held at the Sinzig Y. M. C. A. 
The result of these matches meant the championship 
between the First Battalion and the units stationed in 
Sinzig. The majority of the bouts were fast ones 
and caused much excitement ''Dad" Carey» the K. C 
nan, referred. 

From the issue of February 8: 

In order to increase the interest of the regiment in the range 
work and to imtnic more of a competitive spirit between com- 
panies, The Alabamian. offers a prize to the company making the 
highest score in the qualification course, which is expected to 
start next week. In order that accurate averages may be com- 
puted, company commanders will have to keep careful records 
of the firing of every man in their companies. Lieutenant Mc- 
Carthy will be in ^arge of the competition, and his decision 
will be finaL 

Plans are being made for competitions with the other regi- 
ments of this Division. Four men will be chosen to represent 
this regiment. They will be picked as follows : 

Each company will pick the four highest men in the qualifi- 
cation course; 

Each battalion will hold a preliminary meet on its own range, 
each company being represented by their four highest score men; 

The four high score men in each battalion Competition will 



236 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

then compete for the regimeatil dmnpioasliip oo tke Third BbI- 
talion range; 

The four hifi^ men in this last matdi witl be the representa- 
tivBB in the " ^tfh fii asainat the othw nnita of the DiTiaioii. 

Under the headline ^'Cabbages and Kings^ the fol- 
lowing personal items appeared in that issue: 

Qu4>lain Smith recently retomed from a pilgrimage to G>- 
Ibgne, where he worshiped at the cathedraL He said the beer 
there is excellent 

First Sergeant Howard, at one time with Co. Q has r et u rued 
to the regiment and has been assigned to Ca B^ where he will 
serve as ^Top." 

"Dad** Carey had his annual haircut the other day and poM 
the price of a regular job. We call that easy money. 

First Lieutenant Joe J. Deats, formerly a sergeant of Co. F, 
167th Infantry, now with Third Division Headquarters^ paid the 
boys a visit recently. He is the same old Joe. 

Westum reports that the band played Tuesday under the big 
top. The sample was thoroughly enjoyed. We are f^M to hear 
that the band is still in existence. 

Sergeant Lesnesti, of Co. J» better known as "Shag," has be- 
come quite a bacteriologist He has a variety of six-legged 
grasshoppers which he hopes to preserve until he gets back to 
Uie States, as they are rare specimens. 

Lost — One Second Lieutenant, wears boots and spurs^ thinks 
a horse is made only to pull a wagon. If found, khidly aetuni 
to Lohndorf. 

There is an epidemic of ''Campaign'* hats since the oAoera 
have their trunks. There is no question of it but that a can>- 
paign hat and a "Charlie Chaplin'* mustache is a "cute" com- 
bination. 

Exit breeches, enter trousers. Don't they make a fiellow 
hcMnesick? 

Rumor has it that we go home soon by way of Rotterdam. 
Rotterdam, Amsterdam, or any damn place, as long as it is 
"teut de suite." 

The Alahamian of February 15 contained the fol- 
lowing: 



LIFE ON THE RHINE 237 



CAPTAIN SMITH SLAYS HUN 

We have iust receiTcd the following from a Mon tgo mery 
spaper: 

CAPT. Knls shith's i^uBios noiT roLDa or ikahcs 

There is an interesting exhibition in the window of 
the Exchange Drug Store, the pieces having come from 
the battlefield of Smmy France. Capt Miles Smith, quar* 
termaster corps of the 167th Infantry, who was once cap- 
tain of the Montgomery police forces sent the collection, 
and each piece is full of interest. 

There is a' German helmet, with an American steel 
Jacket penetrating the heavy metal, a canteen cup, and a 
German "mark,** all of which were taken from a ''Hun'* 
Captain Smith had killed on August 7, 191& Two vases 
and a lamp^ made by wounded French soldiers, from the 
first shells which were fired by Americans in the Rainbow 
Division, are works of ^art and well worth seeing. 

The paper on February 22 had these: 

The following extract is taken from the 42nd Division sum- 
tnary of Intelligence, Na 250, dated February lS-16, 1919: 

"10— This is the 250th day the 42nd Division has been in 
contact with the enemy since February 20, 191& During the 
service of the Division in Champagne last Jufy, ten summaries 
of inUlligence were issued without numbers, and aa at all other 
times there has been one summary for each day in which we 
were engaged, this brings the present total to 260. 

Beginning last February in Lorraine, the 42nd Division took 
o?er from the French the first full sector ever held by an 
American division, and since then has only once been taken 
out of the line for the purpose of rest After spending ^ few 
days in the Beaumont area and initiating a training program, 
the division was suddenly moved through Toul to take part in the 
St Mihiel operation, and since then has never been further 
from the front than close reserve, except to pass from one point 
in the line to another. 

The ^nd Divisbn has spent more consecutive days in touch 



238 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

with the enemy and a greater total of tune engaged wiA a 
enemy than any other division of the American ExpeditioBsrT 
Forces, and is proud of having faced and outfought the cbokdj 
units of the whole German Army." 

Last Monday afternoon the regimental football team was a>| 
feated by the 150th Machine Gun Battalion by the score cij 
12 to 0. The game was cleanly played throughout, and fast, ass- 1 
sidering the condition of the ground. The contest was held a 
the Sinzig drill field. The visiting team showed much mc-: 
team work than the 167th, besides outweighing the latter co»- 
siderably. The result was that they pushed the ball forwai-^ 
for consistent gains whenever it came in their possession. 

Both of their scores were made on straight line phmgis^ 
At one point near the end of the game it looked as thoogh tiK 
regiment's team would make a touchdown, but unfortunately ji2 
as they approached the goal line, a substitute entered the gact 
and a new play was pulled before the relieved pUjrer left tk 
field. The penalty was so heavy that the team could not gais 
back the distance lost, and the game ended without die 167u 
scoring. 

The defensive work of Lieutenant Wren at right end was 
excellent In the backfield Ackerson's line bucks always netted 
good gains, while Pasle/s handling and running back of ponu 
was oftea spectacular. 

The men who played for the regiment were: 

Center, Raines, Co. B; guards, Krintz, Co. B, and YeOov 
Fat, Co. M; tackles. Holmes, Hdq. Co., Buffalo and Hawkins, 
both of Co. M; ends, Whiteface, Co. M, Lieutenant Wren and 
Crooked Foot, Co. M; quarterback, Mclntyre, Co. B; fullback 
and captain, Ackerson, Co. B; halfbacks, Pasley and Switzer, 
Co. A, Phipps, Co. B. 

SERVICE CHEVRONS 

You can strip him of his chevrons. 

You can take his stripes away. 
And the badge of his division. 

Which produces your dismay; 
You can make him scrap his medals. 

But no matter how you try. 
You can never, never legislate 

That glitter in his eye. 



UFE ON THE RHINE 239 

He ha« seen a sanmier day 

That you have never dreamed; 
He has seen flesh turn to clay, 

While affronted Heaven screamed; 
He has seen the shattered trench; 

He has seen the twisted wire; 
He has seen strong^ living men 

Charred and bla^ in molten fire; 
He has seen beneath his feet 

Flesh of comrades turn to clay. 
As you never could have dreamed, 

He has seen a summer day. 

You can ban the golden arrow 

That is stitched on his right sleeve^ 
And "eradicate distinction" 

With a simple by your leave; 
Promulgate your resolutions, 

Hurl the ink until you die, 
But you can't expunge his mem'ry 

Nor the glitter in his eye. 

He has seen an autumn night 

That you could never bear, 
With hell's flare his only light. 

Pointing out hell's angel there; 
He has known a single hour 

When cold steel, red hail and gas 
Ceased and left a holy calm 

Such as come when angels pass; 
He has seen his comrades stand. 

Half-transfigured in release, 
Knighted, spurred and panoplied 

By their liege, the Prince of Peace. 

— Aktoxbrist, in the "Stars and Stripes.** 

The poetry quoted was brought forth by a cable- 
gram from the States stating returning soldiers would 
not be allowed to wear service stripes. 

On March 8 the following appeared: 



240 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



CABBAGES AND ICINGS 

AT TBS snrzK Y 

The fottowing program at the Y. M. C A. is *■*— ^^■■yr^ ir 
the ooming week: 

Monday, March 10— "Americao Phjwrs.* 

Tuesday, March 11— -Movies. 

Wednesday, March 12— Movies. 

Thursday, March 13— 4th Corps AnEummidoo Fark Shorn. 

Friday, March 14-l.ive Wire" Entertainers. 

Saturday, March IS— Movies. 

Sunday, Maich 16— Movies. 

There will be no costume dance this week, bill 
are beisg made to have one during the following 

Plans afe being made to have each battalion get op s abov 
of its own. 

SINZIC 

Sergeant Lesnesld, of I Co., woodevs when they mre goics 
to issue passes to Niederbreisig. He ia very much inteiesled 
in this matter. 

Major Smith, who has been dangerously 91 froos doable 
pneumonia, has returned to the r^ment 

The following promotions have been announced: Lieut C6L 
Bare to CoL; Otpt Bums to Major; Capt Miller to Major; 
Lieut Whitlock to Capt; Lieut Calvert to Capt; Lieut Gil- 
martin to Capt 

Lieut Dwiggins is trying to outdo the Mexican generals. The 
Colonel says its damn lucky the regiment leaves for home be- 
fore we get our third service stripes, as the sleeve of the K. 0. 
of the 37mm platoon is getting pretty crowded. 

WESTUM 

It was a pleasant surprise to see Capt Wyatt bade widi die 
regiment again. Capt Wyatt has commanded F Co. ever since it 
was organized, tmtil he was seriously wounded at the crossing 
of the Ourcq on July 28th. Since that time he has been to 
the hospital until very recently, when he was ordered to Brest 
to return to the States. Before sailing, however, he rwdved 
orders calling him back to the regiment 



LIFE ON THE RHINE 241 



LOBNDORF 

Lien! Espy: "Zak, how long wiU it take you td mdce lliose 
doQs^uts?" 

Cook Zak Nelson: ''Three minutes." 

Lieut. Espy: ''You can't do it Here's 50 marks says you 
cafl't." 

Zak's purchased a beautiful souvenir with the 50 marks. 

The Beacon Male Quartette will sing at Lohndorf on Thurs- 
day. 

Private I. Newman (himself), of A G)., is now playing the 
role of "Bertha, the beautiful stenograi^er," at the 1st Battalion 
headquarters. 

Problem: If A Co, gets 45 eggs per man, how many eggs 
does a man in the Supply Co. get? 

All men who want to box next Thursday report to "Dad" 
Ciixey, K. of C, who will match them up. 

From the paper of March 15: 

On March 8th a meeting was held at the Sincfg Y. M. C A. 
to make plans for the forming of a Rainbow Division Associa- 
tion. A committee made up of the senior ofikers of every 
organization in the Division were to meet at some later date to 
draft the constitution and by-laws of the association. 

The purpose of the meeting on Saturday was to find out the 
opinions in the regiment regarding the name for the organization 
and the qualifications necessary for eligibility. Each company 
was represented by one officer, nine non-commissioned officers and 
SIX privates. 

After considerable ballottng it was voted that the name of 
'Itainbow Veterans Association of the World's War^ be the 
name given to the association. 

The 167th Chapter met again on March 12th and the organ- 
izatioD of the association as planned by the temporary oommittee 
made up of the senior officers of each organization was de- 
scribed. The meeting then adjourned until March 14th in order 
to allow the company delegations to study over the clauses of 
the proposed plans. 

At the meeting of March 14th, Colonel Screws explained the 
method of electing delegates to the first divisional convention 
whidh is to be held at Neuenahr on March 28th. The representa- 



242 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

tion will consist of '^o delegates from each diapter of Aii 
society, and, in addition thereto, two delegates per one famidxed 
or major fraction thereof." 

At the same meeting G>lonel Screws appointed a t emp o rar y 
committee of .twenty to draft the constitution and by-laws for 
the regimental chapter. The committee is : Colonel Bare, Major 
Smith, Captain Glenn, Sergeant-Major Holliday and the diair- 
man of each of the 16 company delegations. 

The 167th Infantry delegates to the Divisional Conventioa 
met at Colonel Screws' Chateau Saturday aftemooo, Colood 
Screws presiding. The meeting opened with the election of 
Major Smith and Sergeant Carter as delegates at large. The 
question was then brought up as to whether the delqpitton from 
the 167th Infantry should vote as a unit at the Divisional Con- 
vention. It was unanimously voted that it should. 

The meeting then proceeded to the discussion of the clauses 
of the ''Proposed Plan for Organization." 

Section 1. It was unanimously agreed that the name ''Rain- 
bow Veterans Association" should be substituted for ''Rainbow 
Division Society." 

Section 2. Adopted as read. 

Section 3. Adopted as read. 

Section 4. Rejected as a whole, and the following substi- 
tuted: 

All officers and enlisted men who were in the organisation 
between the time of assembly of the division and the present 
date, with the following exceptions: 

1— Any officer or enlisted man who was dishonorably dis- 
charged. 

2— -Any man who was discharged for fraudulent enlistment 

Eligibility to be determined by and upon the certification of 
the tactical unit in which the individual concerned has served. 

All representatives of Welfare Societies, namely, Y. M. C A., 
Red Cross, K. of C, Salvation Army, and others, are eligible 
for honorary membership. 

Section 5. Amended: "Succeeding Conventions to be con- 
vened on July 15th, beginning 1920," instead of on Nov. Ihh 
as originally suggested. 

Section 6. Amended: "3 vice-pres." substituted for **Vice- 
President 

Section 7. Adopted as read. 

Section 8. Amended: "Initial fee of one dollar per meoiber 



LIFE ON THE RHINE 243 

>f association^ substituted for ^'initial let of 5 franca per iii'- 
lividual now present in the division." 

The March 22 paper had the following: 

Last Sunday the 42nd Division was reviewed and inspected 
by General Pershing. The ceremony took place in the valley on 
the western side of the Rhine, between Kripp and Remagen. 
All morning the roads were filled with troops marching to the 
field. The division was formed in line of regiments* the two 
infantry brigades on the extreme right 

The Commander-in-Chief arrived at 1 :30l He rode around 
the Division, accompanied by General Flagler. He then returned 
to the extreme right and personally inspected every company or 
battery in the Division on foot At the conclusion of the in* 
spection, which took about two hours. General Pershing pre- 
sented decorations to more than fifty officers and enlisted men 
of the regiment 

Corporal Manning, of this regiment, received the Congres- 
sional Medal of Honor. Corporal Manning was on the extreme 
right of the line for decorations. Next to him was General 
McArthur, who commanded the 84th Brigade. General Mc- 
Arthur already had been awarded the D. S. C and received an 
oak leaf to his decoration. 

After the decorations had been presented, the Commander- 
in-Chief took his position on the reviewing stand and the whole 
Division passed in review. After the review it was closed up 
and the General made a short speech on the fine work of the 
American Expeditionary Forces. 

During the review and inspection by the Commander-in-Chief 
of the A. £. F., the following was communicated to the Regi- 
mental Commander verbally by the Division Commander: The 
inspecting officers who accompanied the Commander-in-Chief re- 
peatedly remarked to the Division Commander on the manly and 
neat appearance of the enlisted personnel of the 167th Infantry 
as being among the best they had seen in the A. £. F. 

The Corps Commander personally remarked to the Regimental 
Commander on the fine appearance of the regiment as regards 
equipment, clothing, set-up and in general of the entire personnel 
of the regiment, and stated further that it showed work and 
attention to duty and details by officers and non-commissioned 
oflkers of the regiment — and he wished to compliment the 
Regimental Commander on same. 



244 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 
Also the following: 

Now that the date of departttre seems to be drawing near, 
the soldier begins to ask himself where the Division wiU land, 
where it will parade and where it will be mustered oat 

The act which we publish below was recently passed bj the 
Alabama legislature, and though it has not been acted on, it is 
quite possible that the "Old Fighting Fourth'' wiU be disbanded 
on the soil where it was originally formed. 

Whereas, The 167th R^ment, United States Infantiy* for- 
merly the 4di Alabama National Guard, was organised and orig- 
inally composed of Alabamians, and 

Whereas, Such regiment has achiered an unifying fame after 
long and glorious service in France, in the service of its coon- 
try, and 

Whereas, The 167th Regiment has snflFered tremendoos cas- 
ualties, and through its service has earned lasting renown, and 
is entitled lo such reoognition as will preserve its integrity as a 
command^ and 

Whereas, It fs the desire of the people of Alabama diat the 
regiment in its entirety should be returned to them as it went 
lo the front* and demobilized at the capitol of the State of Ala- 
bama, and 

Whereas, Such reoognltioo of service will be prodnctSve of 
lasting lessons of patriotism, and loyalty, and coamge among 
the people of Alabama, and the entire country, now 

Therefore, Be it resolved, by the Senate, the House con- 
curring, that the Secretary of War, and the General Staff of 
the United States Army, be memorialized to preserve the imfi- 
viduality and integrity of this grand fighting regiment, whose 
record is an honor to both state and nation, and that when the 
time for its return to the United States for demobilization shall 
arrive, that the regiment be returned to the capital of Alabama 
in its entirety, and then be demobilized, after the usual f^hpy^\ 
preliminaries have been complied with. That copies of this 
resolution be forwarded to each United States Senator and 
Representative in Congress from Alabama. 

Adopted by the Senate and House, Jan. 31, 1919. 



LIFE ON THE RHINE 246 

And the following: 

The following promotions have been announced: 

Major Dallas B. Smith to Lieut. CoL 

Capt H. B. May to Major. 

Capt J. M. Smith to Major. 

Capt George A. Glenn to Major. 

Capt Wm. I. Cole to Major. 

Capt Abner Flowers to Major. 

Ist lieut Spencer A. Wells to Capt 

1st Lieut Richard B. KeUy, Jr., to Capt 

1st Lieut Herman A. Lorenz to Capt 

2nd Ueut. Frank D. Scotten to 1st Lieut 



>v 



CHAPTER XXVII 



HOMEWAHD BOUND 



For several weeks rumors had been current that the 
'^Rainbow" would soon entrain for a port, there to 
embark for America. The first of these, howcrcr, 
was to the effect that the troops would move down tfae 
Rhine to Rotterdam, sailing overseas from the Dutch 
city. It caused much rejoicing among the Alaba- 
mians. The latter saw visions of a good time in that 
city. Besides, they had never been in Holland and 
they wanted to include that country in their European 
"tour." 

Finally, the correct news came. It said the divi- 
sion would move on trains to Brest, France, thence 
steamships to New York City, and set dates of dq^ar- 
ture from the Rhine country. Now the wildest en- 
thusiasm prevailed and the men were all in the gayest 
sort of spirits. They knew that it would be but a 
short time until they were at home with those they 
loved. They could scarcely wait for the time to leave 
the land of the Huns. 

The Germans, on the other hand, began to worry. 
They expressed themselves as fearing other troops 
less friendly than the men of the "Rainbow** would 
occupy that part of the country, and they did not know 
what treatment to expect at the hands of the new- 
comers when the latter should arrive. Before the 

246 



HOMEWARD BOUND 247 

^Alabamians got to Sinzig, Westutn, and Lohndorf, 
-the natives had heard of their approadi and were terri- 
1>ly alarmed. Stories of how extremely ferocious the 
.Alabamians had been in battle were brought back from 
the front by wounded Huns during the last months 
of the fighting, all of which had caused the civilians 
in the particular section much needless fright. The 
latter grew to be very fond of the Alabama troops, 
-whom they thought very kind and considerate. 

Now came the day for the 167th to leave. It was 
about April 6. The German civilians displayed a 
variety of emotions. An old woman who had lost 
two sons in the war presented boxes of Itmch and bits 
of hand-made lace to two "doughboys" who had been 
billeted- in her house for four months. Across the 
street an old man scowled, but a hand waved from the 
edge of the window curtain behind him. Groups of 
children trailed along in rear of the marching soldiers, 
the kids offering to carry the packs of the Americans 
who had been so good to them. 

On the troops marched past the ancient Roman 
walls of Sinzig, bound for the trains to carry them sea- 
ward and homeward. The men scarcely glanced back. 
It made no difference to them that they were leaving 
the scenes close by to Oberwinter, the entraining point 
The wonderful view of the Drachenfels, its casde, its 
diff of the Wolkenburg, the thirty peaks of the Seven 
Mountains with the island of Nonnenwerth lying in 
the foreground of the Rhine did not appeal to them. 
They were bound for America and were glad. The 
war was over for them and they were going home. 
Before the Alabamians left Sinzig, they were pre- 



248 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

seated with an $8,000 egg bilL In fact, the inddBt 
silmost delayed their departure, had it not been for tie 
nsual smooth diplomacy of Colonel Screws. Tk 
quartermaster handed the account to the ooknci 
There followed a period of anxiety, but it was finaCj 
decided the egg bill could wait. 

It came about in this way. The people bade is 
Alabama had all along been sending ''the boys" to- 
bacco. The first few shipments failed to reach the 
heroes, and a big howl went into Washington. The 
orders came forthwith that the next time the home 
folks sent tobacco to their soldiers abroad it must be 
delivered 

So it happened when several large boxes of 
''smokes'' and chewing tobacco reached France the 
latter part of March they were given great care. 
They were placed in the middle of a car-load of ^gs 
under the eyes of a convoy officer with stem orders 
to deliver the boxes of tobacco to Cc^onel Screws 
himself and to no one else. 

The officer carried out his orders to the extent that 
he insisted upon the gallant colonel accepting the entire 
contents of the car. The latter did not want that 
quantity of eggs and protested, but the "hen fruit"* 
was unloaded and left on his hands. 

Foreseeing that the eggs would be wasted unless 
something was done. Colonel Screws directed that 
they be distributed throughout the regiment So it 
came about that every officer and man in the 167th 
got about forty eggs. There were some 150,000 in 
the car. 

The "Rainbow" Division moved out of the occuj^ed 



\ 
J. 



HOMEWARD BOUND 249 

territory at the rate of about 4,500 men a day. The 
enlisted men slept on bed-sacks in the small German, 
French and American box-cars, 45 to each car, while 
the officers rode in the same trains but were provided 
with third-class passenger coaches equipped with hard 
wooden seats. The route traveled lay through Co- 
blenz, down the Moselle River valley through Treves 
and Metz into France, thence across that country to 
Brest It was a sixty-hour trip and the weather was 
cold. Nevertheless the troops were overjoyed and 
started out of Oberwinter as though they were ex- 
pecting to reach America the next day. 

At some of the nearest stations to Paris along the 
route several of the Alabama officers left the trains 
to visit that city. I saw two or three of them in a little 
restaurant, a buvette, the French call it, on the Rue 
Cambon. The French are full of life, and in that 
wonderful rendezvous one could meet some of the 
war's most famous fighters on land and in the air. 
It was there that I heard an ex-member of the 'Tor- 
eign Legion" praising the fighting quality of the Ala- 
bamians, which I mentioned in the preface. 

Finally the 167th Infantry reached Brest and begatt 
going aboard the United States warships ^'Minne- 
sota," '^Montana," and 'TSIorth Carolina/* all lying 
there ready to take the troops to the shores of their 
native land. On the ''Minnesota" were companies 
"M" and "L;" on the "Montana," companies "E," 
'T," "G," "H," '1," "K" and the Machine Gun Com- 
pany ; on the "North Carolina," the Supply Company, 
the Headquarters Company, the Medical Detachment, 
and the First Battalion, the latter consisting of Com- 



2S0 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

panies ''A/' ''B/' "C," and "D/' Colond Screws was 
on the last named, along with the oflficers and men of 
the regiment's headquarters. All three ships deared 
during the day of April IS. 

President Poincare and Premier Qemenceau, of 
France, simply would not permit the "Rainbow" to 
leave without an expression of affection and apprecia- 
tion from the French Government That is why, be- 
fore the troops sailed, special messengers were de- 
spatched from Paris to Brest That is why, on the 
waterfront at Brest the afternoon of April 13, there 
was presented a picture that will live forever in the 
memory of those who were privileged to witness it 

Admiral Moreau, representing the French Govern- 
ment, decorated eight officers and enlisted men after 
reading an address in which Premier Qemenceau 
congratulated the members of the division then taking 
ships for their homes. The Alabama men decorated 
were Privates Joseph Berg and Thomas Neibour. 
Private Berg afterward remarked: "I didn't know a 
'gol-damed' thing about those medals until this after- 
noon." 

While I am writing about medals, let me add that 
I have had many National Guard officers voluntarily 
tell me something like this: "Oh! Smith; yes, I have 
always wondered why my recommendation that he be 
granted a 'Distinguished Service Cross' for bravery 
never did go through." Personally, from what I have 
seen and heard of such documents, I do not doubt at 
all that the Alabama men would keep the United States 
War Department busy issuing medals it only these 
brave fellows were granted the recognitioii they so 



HOMEWARD BOUND 251 

xichly deserve. I really think that G)ngress should 
pry into this matter. 

After some days at sea, part of which time the 
mraters were very rough, the 167th Infantry arrived in 
the harbor of New York City on April 25, the vessels 
anchoring off Hoboken. The troops were soon ashore 
and on their way out to Camp Merritt, N. J. 



CHAPTER XXVm 

BACK TO THE STATES 
(reception in ALABAMA AND MUSTER-OUT) 

At Camp Merritt almost all of the officers and Oh 
listed men who were originally not far from Alabama, 
or States in that direction, were mustered out. The 
remainder of the famous old regiment was ordered 
to Camp Shelby, near Hattiesburg, Miss., there to be 
mustered out, but was routed through Alabama. It 
was a sad scene at Crmp Merritt when the partings 
took place, but at the reunion of the Rainbow Vete- 
rans at Birmingham, Alabama, in July, 1920, it is 
hoped all will be together again and in peace. 

The same people who had been so kind to the regi- 
ment while it was at Camp Mills before sailing for 
Europe in 1917, as well as many others, visited Cc^onel 
Screws, his officers and men at Camp Merritt and 
showered attentions upon them. ''We can never 
forget those dear people/' said the Colonel time and 
again, "for they were very kind to us at a time when 
it counted.'* Committees from Montgomery, Bir- 
mingham, and other places in Alabama met the regi- 
ment when it landed and visited it at Camp MenitL 

In the early days of May, telegrams from Colond 
Screws began to reach the Capital City telling of the 
progress of the trains southward from tiie Eastern 
camp, and the heart of Alabama was filled with joy. 
May 8 the trains passed Roanoke, Va. '^Regiment 

252 






THE FOUNTAIN OF ROSES 



BACK TO THE STATES 253 

Alabama bound/' the telegram said, and a great thrill 
"went out over the State. About 1,400 men and 51 
officers were en route to their native State and no more 
anxious to get there than were the people to see them. 
The day of Friday, May 9, saw the regiment at last 
on Alabama soil. 

When the Gadsden complement of the regiment on 
that day reached the Etowah county-seat, the wildest 
demonstration of joy ever witnessed there took place. 
The troops were headed by G)lonel Screws and Colonel 
Bare, and by the 167th's band. It is Colonel Bare's 
home city, and the inhabitants greeted him with open 
arms. He had begun his military career as a private 
in the National Guard and in France had won pro- 
motion from a lieutenant-colonelcy. Not in a place 
behind the lines, however, for the officers and men say 
he was always where shells and bullets were the thick- 
est ''He is as brave a man as ever lived," they said 
of him, ''and we are all crazy about him." 

The First Battalion, including Company "E," com- 
posed of Huntsville, Albany and Decatur men, stopped 
at Huntsville for an hour, where the pretty girls of 
Madison County bombarded the soldiers with flowers. 
At Albany a crowd, which probably exceeded the en- 
tire population of Morgan County, gathered to do 
honor to "Alabama's Own." Just as the train pulled 
in, every whistle in the Twin Cities blew and all bells 
rang. 

"Barra^;es" of "eats" and flowers had greeted the 
warriors at Gadsden, Anniston, Huntsville, Albany 
and Decatur Friday and early Friday night. Now the 
trains moved on towards Birmingham, and cries of 



254 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

wild delight echoed through the Terminal Station k 
the latter city the same night when Alabama's iinroor- 
tal heroes came out of the Pullman sleepers^ At 8:^' 
o'clock the first contingent, consisting of the Head- 
quarters Company, Regimental Headquarters asd 
Companies "F," "H," and "L" arrived from Gadsdeo, 
followed by the Anniston and Decatur complements, 
and long before midnight all the troops had come in, 
and Birmingham was surrendered. 

Saturday, May 10, 1919, was the biggest day in 
Birmingham's history. Marching in full battle arraj, 
through streets lined with cheering, crying, singing 
crowds, the 167th United States Infantry, the glori- 
ous old "Fighting Fourth," passed in review, and was 
showered with roses and flowers by the hundreds of 
thousands. Nine bands played at various points, 
school children lifted their voices in joyous song, and 
the populace was mad with delight. Threatening 
clouds overhead did not deter a hundred thousand 
people from turning out to welcome the heroes home. 
Preceding the regiment were the old veterans of the 
Blue and the Gray, and in front of them marched a 
tall ex-soldier of the Union Armies. He was in a 
blue uniform and carried a large United States flag, 
the latter supported on each side by a soldier in gray, 
one of the "Lost Cause." Just ahead of the flag- 
bearers was a United States naval band from the sta- 
tion at Algiers, La. 

Promptly at 11:00 o'clock the column moved, and 
the roars and cheers of the dense masses of humanity 
could be heard for blocks even above the strains of 
the martial music played by the nine bands. 



( 



\ 



BACK TO THE STATES 255 

That day the Birmingham News, a daily paper, 
<:axried the following, signed "A Soldier's Mother," 
by Mrs. N. M. Lamkin, 1101 Fountain Ave., that city; 



WELCOME, BOYS IN KHAKI 

Welcome! Welcome I Boys in khaki 
To this greeting planned for you : 
Welcome from dear Alabama, 

From the Magic City, too, 
Proudly floats our flag of glory 
Greeting all with deathless story, 
Telling how you rallied 'round her. 
When the call of duty found her 
Bidding brave hearts to surround her. 
And how gladly you obeyed 

On to France I was then our war cry — 
Soon our transports blazed the way. 
For our noble boys in khaki 
Matchless valor to display. 
We have kept the "home fires burning," 
Waiting for your dear returning. 
While among us there are mothers, 
Wives and sweethearts, sisters, brothers. 
Who a lifelong heartache smothers 
For the boy who could not come. 

"Over There" in France they're sleeping 
'Neath the soil in "Flanders Field," 

While the Springtime flowers are keeping 
Vigil o'er each patriot's shield. 

O'er each humble, lonely grave 

Floats the flag he died to save. 

Loving hands are there to tend them, 

Loving hands in prayer commend them, 

Grateful France in love surrounds them 
With the beauties of her land. 



256 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Mrdoomc^ wdoomc^ bo!^ in kfak>— » 
This includes otdi soldier tmc; 

Those in notform mnd training: 
Wailing here for orders doe^ 

Longing for yoor hoar of sailing; 

Tardiness of ships bewatlinc^ 

Then the shoot of peace came *—'^^c. 

An yoar plans for war despoiling; 

Loving hourts then fondly calling 
For our soldier bojs" return. 



Homeward now fond hearts are 

For ye, lads so long away. 
Mothers want your glad returning 

In the homes youll find today. 
Carry there your hearts' best story. 
Tell to them your war-time gbxy. 
Tell them, too, the lonely watting 
To your proud young hearts so grating: 
Oh, the hours of anxious watting 

For the ships that brought you hoowi. 

Lay your hearts^ best pledges here, hojt^ 

Lend jrour hands to labor true. 
We will help with all our might, boys* 

We expect great things of you. 
All unfurled our flag reminds us. 
State and city stands behind us. 
Duties grave, all hearts uniting; 
Love of home and friends inviting; 
All these things our lives inciting 

To the best that we can da 

I regret that space and time forbid further descrip- 
tion of the Birmingham celebration, but I must repro- 
duce here an editorial in the Birmingham News of 
that day: 



BACK TO THE STATES 257 

IT WAS ROSES, ROSES ALL THE WAY" FOR THE 
MEN WHO PASSED THROUGH HELL 

It was TOfleB. TOM0 all the way 

And myrtle mixed in their path like mad; 

The housetopB seemed to heave and sway. 
The church sxkires flamed. 8iich flags they had! 

Birmingfaain weeps and laughs because They hare come home. 
Because the deepest joy is not the most clamorous^ and the 
agrs and the band music are but symbols of what the hearts and 
linds of Alabamians cannot express. 

After the bunting is torn away; after the crashing band 
nttsic is hushed; after the day so oTcrfiUed with gladness be- 
xTRies history, the thankfulness and the pride and the love of 
\.labainians for these fellows who leaped to the service when 
lie precious Flag was dishonored by ocean pirates, will go on 
ind on. Their courageous action ythcn America needed them 
Krill, please God, mix with the memories of Alabamians and be 
bereafter a constant challenge to the loftiest purposes ol our 
civil minds. 

The marching men today are in the flower of Alabama's 
citizenship. 

Alabama welcomes, them vidi a love and admire ttco deeper 
than words may express. 

There were great gaps made in the ranks ^over there.** 
Yawning holes were made in the formation by damnable shell* 
fire, hidden machine-gun nests, and all the destructive Essen 
paraphernalia that could be assembled, but the holes were filled 
by other heroes who went fighting blindly and courageously 
ahead. The ranks of the 167th were shot to pieces time after 
time, but the losses seemed merely to cause them to lunge for- 
ward in a crusader fashion. They are tanned — ^hard as nails — 
the strongest, finest men who ever served Alabamar— bar none. 
It's hard to keep one's hands off them— these men who faced 
dangers for our sake and for the comfort of those in France 
who were comfortless save for them. Whether they were volun- 
teers or select-men makes no matter* They served their time 
in hell and have come back. 

Back to business and fireside—home from the sea — bronzed 
and brawny and unafraid. Laughing men they are no^r. Laugh- 
ing even as they laughed when in the midst of the flames* because 
it was not all hardship when all's said and done. 



258 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

It it not hardship to offer tip one^s life for his country. For 
after all their denials and sacrifices are snmmed up» all the 
terrors of the flanung tky and all the hidden dangers of No 
Man's Land are duly estimated and valued, non-combatant 
Americans who are men cannot look upon these fellows widioiit 
a deep sense of disappointment that it was not their lot also to 
range themselves on the side of fifi^ting democracy instead of 
staying by the machines. 

It is not envy, either. It is chagrin and disappointment deep 
down that all Americans who willed and prayed to go could 
not go. 

There is no full-grown red-blooded American on the streets 
of Birmingham today but who would not be proud and glad to 
swap his piping, peaceful liberty as a civilian for the privilege 
ai swinging down the avenues with these hardened heroes 
from overseas. They carried on visibly, with rifle and bayonet. 
They mixed in with great game. They were the Crusaders. 
We who stayed were their servants. They were the knights 
for whom non-combatants were proud to slave, even as the 
servants at Tintagil were proud to watch Arthur and Lancelot 
and Galahad sally forth to meet the barbarians — the enemies 
of Christ— the heathen who lay waste the land. 

Back tb fireside and business to carry on the work of citi- 
zenship interrupted by the clarion of war, Birmingham and 
Alabama welcome these men — stronger and finer than when they 
left, bigger of stature, trained in unselfish service, fearless, con- 
fident, worthy of admiration and all the love that can be 
showered upon them. 

God bless them, every onel And may the Master of Right- 
eousness and Justice who directed them to serve humanity in a 
sterner and more hazardous fashion than shall ever again be 
their lot; may He who thrilled them with power and will and 
strength to serve humanity when all the Evil Forces in the uni- 
verse seemed hcnt upon destroying all law and government every- 
where, make us fitter servants, now that "it's over, over there," 
to serve mankind in strong and beautiful ways. 

Even as they drove the vandals out of France, let non- 
combatants, in the light of their high adventure, drive out of 
society contagious diseases and foul breeding places of crime. 

Even as they blunted the spear-point at Chateau-Thierry, let 
Americans blunt the edge of all enemies to society. 

Even as they carried healing and cleanliness and sanitatioa 



BACK TO THE STATES 259 

A the wake of the fleeing armies of the Htui» let Americaofl, 
st Greater Birmingham's citizens create in Jones Valley a 
lobler, a sweeter, a more wiseliish soctety* 

Sunday night, May 11, witnessed the arrival in 
Montgomery of Alabama's battle-scarred veterans of 
the World War, and long before the first train came 
in thousands of people lined the streets and gathered 
iiear the passenger station. 

A little after 8:00 o'clock the first section parked 

at the foot of Moulton Street. Colonel Screws was 

the first to alight. It is his home city, and he was 

happy beyond expression. Immediately he was over- 

whdmed by a surging mass of humanity. A second 

greeting between him and his wife, "the mother of the 

regiment,'' took place, and they were soon on their 

way in an automobile to their home. Other officers 

then came out and the crowd showered attentions upon 

them. The men of Companies "F," "H," and "L" 

were allowed to leave the train, after a few had been 

left as guards, and soon the city's streets were under 

their heels. The other two trains rolled in shortly 

afterwards. 

The Statewide Reception Committee had sent the 
regiment this greeting: 

To the Men of the 167th Infantry : 

With joy in onr hearts we greet you and welcome yon back 
to your homes again. You have proved your right to be ac- 
claimed in Alabama as heroic sons of the State. We rejoiced 
at your achievements. We knew you as American citizens and 
we expected much of you. Our expectations have been realized. 
We congratulate ourselves and we congratulate you. 

All of us are Alabamians and American^. We may congratu- 
late you and ourselves that, as Alabamians and Americans, 
yott have done your part in winning the war. 



260 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

We are happy. We want to make joo happj. If the sa|b 
tsibiite that oar covunittee has bid at your feet brings jck^ k 
a realization that yon are oors and we axe yoors and thit « 
are proud of yoo, then we shall be happy indeed. 

Governor Kilby, in the name of Alabama's O^ 
zenrj, issued the following welcome: 

I have die liveliest emotioiis of deli^ in cup i cssi ag tie 
formal word of greetii^ to the Tifl^iting Fourth'* oo its rctBC 
to the State. It seems only yesterday when from the fans sai 
workshop the splendid men making np diis command railnndedte 
the call of the countiy and went, first to the Mexican bordff, aii 
later to France 3S a part of the now famous ^Rainbow DiTtsiofl.' 
The people of the State never doubted for a moment tiie qoEt; 
of their courage, and they well knew the splendid accoait fft? 
would give of themselves, should ^e opportuni^ be offered ftf 
active service. The months have .come and gone^ they bm 
passed through a score of engagements, large and small, naof 
of their comrades have been left on Flanders Fidd, mm oi 
them have received the highest decoration in the gift of thsr 
own country and from the Allies, many of tliem are maitad 
and now the survivors are again on the soil of their voti^ 
country to receive the approval of an appredatrve people. 

From our hearts we extend them a royal welcome. Is ^ 
the records of great achievement that are known, there are 
none that will take higher rank or are more deserving of lasdfll 
commendation than the men of this regiment who have tdde^ 
new lustre to the pages of history. In the name of Alabama «« 
greet you. In the name of Alabama, the richest blessings of i 
watchful Providence, we beg in your behalf. 

Monday broke bright and dear. It was the day oi 
all days— the day of the "Fourth Alabama Ststttmk 
Welcome Home Celebratien," arid Montgomery ^ 
"on the job." It was May 12, 1919, and "Alabama's 
Own" had been in the United States military scrvkt 
almost three yearsr— since the middle of June, I9li 
whM the President issued the Mexican border caU for 
the National Guard. 



i 



BACK TO THE STATES 261 

The civilian crowds were drunk with joy. Honors 
such as must have been those of the legions of Caesar 
i«rere everywhere showered on the officers and men of 
the 167th Infantry. Flowers and roses, by the hun- 
dreds of thousands, rained down on their heads. The 
city has never had such a celebration or such a crowd 
in all her history. It represented those f ro^ the cradle 
to the grave, and both whites and blacks turned out 
to do honor to a fighting unit the like of which the 
v^orld has yet to see. 

The column swung into Commeroe Street Count- 
less thousands lined the thoroughfare on both sides, 
and between them the parade moved. It was a sol- 
emn, majestic, sublime moment — then the air of a 
gentle summer's day was rent by the multitude of 
voices as the gallant colonel and his brave fellows 
marched under the Victory Arch. The presence of 
Colonel Screws, not smiling, yet carrying underneath 
an immobile front a heart that beat fast with happi- 
ness in the knowledge of having gone forth and re- 
turned with ''the job well done'' was the signal all along 
the route for thunderous applause. He had, in the 
mightiest conflict of the ages, proven himself to be 
one of the greatest leaders of men in the United States 
Army ever saw, the most beloved, the most gentle, the 
most capable of them all — because, as to the latter, he 
had trained the ''impossible" National Guardsmen, the 
men who adored him I That was not all — he had with 
them, as the spearhead of the magnificent "Rainbow'' 
Division, put the United States Army on the European 
battle-map. Why? and the people of Alabama de- 
mand an answer, why was he not rewarded? 



262 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

It is not practicaUe in the narrow limits of tins 
book to recite the entire story of the monster reccptioiL 
The column which moved to the grounds sootfa of tk 
cafMtol was made up as follows: 

MarBhakd t^ General Chat. R. Bridoeii, widi Capt. Wm. C 
Oatei as chief aide, the pageant formed on TaD^oosa aod Water 
streets following the puUsc welcome ceremonies at the atatiaa. 
with its head lying at the in ter sec ti on of Water aad Cbannerce. 
Promptly at 10:50 o'clock the word passed down the loa^ cDimm 
to prepare to move, and shortly, led 1^ a pbtooii of momied 
police it was in motion, winging into Gmnneroe and iwade4 
southward. 

The first section, composed of the official esoortp was led \ij 
the automohile carrying Governor Thos. E. KUbgr and Quef 
Justice John C Anderson of the Alabama Supreme Comt, fol- 
lowed by a car carrying Gmgressman J. Thos. Hefiin, of La Fa^ 
ette, the orator of the day, President pro tem. J. Thos. Bedaofe 
of the State Senate and Speaker Henry P. Merritt of the House 
of Representatives. Other cars carried members of the Mont- 
gomery G>unty Board of Revenue and Mayor W. T. Robert- 
son and J. C Tyson of the City Commission. Dr. Robt H. 
McCaslin, chairman of the Statewide Reception Committee and 
chaplain for the opening ceremony at the State Capitol, witb 
Miss McDonald, reader, followed, and in turn a large nnmbo' 
of automobiles bearing the remnants of another nob^ band of 
warriors whose tradition will ever be remembered in die Soo^ 
followed. A veteran of the Union army of the sixties oocnined 
a seat with Veterans of the Confederacy, again demoastratiiv 
the solidity of the union. 

The section was ended t^ an automobile carrying the yoadi- 
ful sponsors of the regiment in the persons of the Misses 
Thorington, LeGrande, Thigpen, Anderson and McGoogfa. A 
space here intervened, and then came the memorial to the dead, 
a handsome structure borne by eight stalwart heroes of the valiant 
regiment, the bearers being flanked by eight other battie-scarred 
veterans clasping ribbons of flowers attached to the arch. The 
.appearance of this memorial was a signal for the uncovering of 
heads throughout the line of march, and in the center, nitmerals 
worked out in gold stars, the symbol of the dead, brought the 
impressive fact home to the great concourse that tiie great war 
had not been fought without loss to Alabama, the numerals tes- 



BACK TO THE STATES 263 

tidying to the death, or absence unaccouiited for, of 616 men 
of the "Old Fourth" who started on their pilgrimage in the 
fall of 1917. 

The second section was preceded hy Col. Wm. P. Screws and 
members of his staff, followed by the magnificent band of the 
regiment and in turn by the twelve units of the "Fighting 
Fourth/' the Machine Gun Company, Supply and Medical de- 
tachments bringing up the rear and being followed by a long 
line of automobiles carrying casuals who had come to Mont- 
gomery to join their comrades in arms. At the Victory Arch 
on Commerce at the intersection of Tallapoosa the Memorial 
Arch was preceded by one hundred young women of Mont- 
gomery, attired in rainbow hue costumes, bearing baskets of 
flowers on their arms, which they strewed before the advancing 
^warriors. As the parade passed under the arch little Cupids, 
flanking the Goddess of Liberty, showered other roses on the 



Heading into Dexter avenue the parade faced a solid mass 
of humanity which banked the street from building to building 
and it was necessary for mounted officers to pass up and down 
to cleave a way for the marchers. 

From Court Square to the Capitol the marching c<^umn 
passed through a solid mass of people, frantically cheering and 
shouting, the appearance of the remnant of some unit familiar 
to people of certain towns, being the signal for fresh outbursts. 
Proceeding to the head of Dexter avenue the column passed 
under the living Rainbow, formed by the young ladies who had 
preceded the fighters, and turning south on Bainbridge pro- 
ceeded to Washington and there turned into the spacious Cap- 
itol grounds where the second phases of the return of "Ala- 
bama's Own" was scheduled to take place. Here, too, it was 
necessary to delay the colunm while a way was cut through the 
surging crowd gathered for that ceremonial and it was some time 
after eleven o'clock before the presiding officer, Governor 
Thos. E. Kilby, was enabled to open the exercises. 

The program for the exercises on the grounds was 
as follows: 

MUSIC— By Auburn Band. 

t. The Governor, presiding, will call the assembly to order. 
2. Invocatk>n — By Dr. Robert H. McCaslin, Chairman of the 
State-Wide Executive Committee. 



264 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

3. Song, "America" — By entire assembly, led by Mr. J. J. 
Moriarity. 

4. Recitation, "Home Again" — Miss Jean McDonald, of the 
Woman's College of Alabama. 

5. Greeting for the State — ^By His Excellency, Hon. Thomas 
£. Kilby, Governor of Alabama. 

6. "Southern Melodies"— By Shrine Band, led by W. D. 
HaUoweU. 

7. Address — By Hon. J. Thomas Hefiin, Representative Fifth 
Alabama G>ngres8ional District, LaFayette. 

& Response— By G>L William P. Screws, Commanding 167th 
Regiment. 

9. Song, '*Camp Melodies" — ^By entire assembly. 

10. Presentation of Testimonial to CoL Screws—Hon. John 
H. Wallace, Jr. 

11. Acceptance— By CoL Screws. 

12. Presentation of Distinguished Service Crosses to Sergeant 
Ralph M. Atkinson of Montgomery, and Sergeant Jack W\ 
Milner of Alexander City, by CoL Screws. 

13. Public expression of thanks to Sidney £. Manning of 
Flomaton, Escambia County, for winning Congressional Medal 
of Honor — By Governor Kilby. 

14. Presentation of Medal on behalf of the people of Dotfaan 
to Talmage May, Co. F, 167th Infantry, by E. H. Hill, Es^. 

15. Presentation of flowers to Colonel Screws from Rosemont 
Gardens— By Mr. £. R. Holt 

15. Invocation— By Lieutenant E. P. Smith, Chaplain of the 
Regiment. 

17. '*Star-Spangled Banner^— By the 167th, Shrine^ and An- 
bum Bands. 

At 1 :00 o'clock that afternoon the troops attended 
a luncheon prepared for them. It was served in the 
auditorium on North Perry Street On Court Square 
from 3:00 to 6:00 o'clock, there was a street festival, 
the Shriners' Band and the 167th Band furnishing 
the music Between 4:00 and 7:00 o'clock there was 
a reception at the Elks' Qub by the War Mothers, 
and the same music was provided, Frcwn 7:30 to 



BACK TO THE STATES 263 

11:30, at the auditorium, there was a reception and a 
military ball, the program for the same having read as 
below: 

Direction of Entertainmeot Connnittee. Mr. William Ta^ilor 
dgas, Chairxnan. 

The orchestra wiU play from 7'JO p, m^ while the audieoce is 
gathering. 

At 8 p. m., formal welcome exerdaes will be held as follows : 

1. Song, "America''— By audience, led by Mr. J. J. Moriarity. 

2. Address— By Dr. Robert IL McCaslin, Chairman of the 
Bxecutive G>mmittee. 

3. "Dixie" — By orchestra* 

4. Response for the Regiment — ^By Colonel William P. Screws. 

5. "Star-Spangled Banner" — ^By orchestra. 

At 8: JO p. m. the Grand March will begin, led by Governor 
Thomas £. Kilby and Mrs. William P.^ Screws, followed by 
Colonel William P. Screws and Mrs. Thomas £. Kilby. Onb" 
soldiers of the 167th Infantry and their partners wiU take part in 
the Grand March. 

The MiliUry Ball will follow the Grand March immediately, 
and will continue until 11 :J0 p. m. Soldiers and civilians alike 
wiU join in the dancing. 

The members of the Entertainment Committee and of the 
Committee on ELalls and Auditorium, will act as a special floor 
committee, under the direction of Mr. David Crossland, Chairman. 

"Rainbow" ice cream 'and "Rainbow" punch will be served to 
all present by a committee of ladies, directed by Mrs. Charles A. 
Thigpen, Chairman. Home-made cake will be a special delicacy, 
served only to soldiers in uniform. 

No special invitations have been issued, and no tickets of admis- 
sion are required. All soldiers and civilians are invited to attend. 

The program for the Perry Street Open-air Fes- 
tival from 8:00 to 11 :00 that night read thus: 

Under the direction of Mrs. J. S. Pinckard, Chairman, there 
will be an Open-air Festival on South Perry street, starting at 
High street, and extending half a block south of the Governor's 
Mansion. 

At S p.m. the Soldiers and Citizens' March will start from 
the comer of High street and South Perry street and proceed 



266 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

along Perry street towards the Governor's Mansion, where dat- 
ing will begin on Perry street at 8:15 p. m., and continoe tsl. 
11 p. m. 

Coincident with the dancing, receptions for the soldiers of ^ 
167th Regiment will be held in every home on Perry street witfcc 
the Festival District — over fifty homes in alL 

There will also be twelve company headquarters established r 
the following homes : 

Company A — Headquarters Co., Supply Co., Machine Gis. 
Hospital Unit, Montgomery — Mr. and Mrs. Michael Cody, 53' 
South Perry street. 

Company B — Abbeville, Henry County— Judge and Mrs. 
Lucien Gardner, 514 South Perry street 

Company C, Pell City, St. Qair County— Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
B. Teasley, 503 South Perry street 

Company D, Bessemer, Jefferson County— Dr. and Mrs, J. N. 
Baker, 600 South Perry street 

Company £, Albany, New Decatur, Morgan County — ^Dr. and 
Mrs. R. H. McCaslin, 603 South Perry street 

Company F, Gadsden, Etowah County— Mr. and Mrs. Henfr 
Hobbie, 618 South Perry street 

Company G, Ozark, Dale County— Mr. and Mrs. Moses Sabd 
622 South Perry street 

Company H, Alexander City, Tallapoosa County — Mr. asd 
Mrs. J. L. Hall, 626 South Perry street. 

Company I, Opelika, Lee County— Mr. and Mrs. W. St John 
Naftel, 643 South Perry street 

Company K, Birmingham, Jefferson County — ^Mrs. £. Seibels^ 
711 South Perry street 

Company L, Alabama City, Etowah County— Mr. and Mrs. J. 
W. Kelly, 727 South Perry street 

Company M, Oxford, Calhoun County — Mr. and Mrs. N. J 
Bell, 724 South Perry street 

• The formal reception will be held at 9 :30 p. nt in Govemor's 
Mansion. 

All soldiers and citizens are invited to take part in the entire 
festivities. 

"Rainbow" punch will be served during the Festival froio 
stands on Perry street, and at tables at the Governor's Mansion. 

The Auburn Band will provide the music for the entire 
Festival. 



\ 



BACK TO THE STATES 267 

Some time after midnight the troop trains left for 
Hattiesburg, via Mobile. At the latter place, the last 
in Alabama, another huge reception and celebration 
was tendered Colonel Screws, his officers and men, 
on the 13th, after which the 167th proceeded to Camp 
Shelby, near Hattiesburg. The people of Mobile were 
no less enthusiastic, and their hospitality to the regi- 
ment not less than the other cities of Alabama. I 
cannot write about it for lack of time and space. 

On May 18, the last members of the splendid old 
regiment were mustered out at the Mississippi camp. 
Thus closes the running story of the Alabama regi- 
ment for practically three years. The writing and 
compilation of it has been a labor of love on my part 



APPENDIX A 
Regimental Scrap Book 

As to the wounding of gallant Major Dallas B. Smith, of 
Oi»elika, in the Chateau-Thierry drive, Major Norris says: 

''My company was leading. We were taking a position along 
the branch, and there was a small bridge there, at which I took 
station. I told Major Smith it was no place for a battalion P. C. 
(post of command), and the major moved back and was there 
wounded." 

The major suffers a great deal at the present time from the 
old wound, which was caused by a piece of "H. £.'' (high ex- 
plosive shell) striking him in the upper part of one leg, and, on 
coming out in the back side, tearing a large and ugly opening. 

J$ J$ J$ 

OUR "FRENCHY" 

Eugene LaTour, a private in the 167th's machine gun com- 
pany, a French-Canadian by birth, but whose home is in New 
Bedford, Mass., had the nickname of "French/' given him by 
the Alabamians. 

On the afternoon of July 28th, in the diateau-Thierry drive, 
"Frenchy" was standing on a parapet in full view of the "Boche" 
machine gunners, and was singing the French song ''Madelon," 
but at the same time looking for something to eat 

The bullets were whizzing all around "Frenchy," when one 

of the Americans called out to him : "(>et down there, you d 

fool I Don't you know you'll be killed r "HeU," answered 
•Trcnchy," "they can't kill a hungry man I" 

Having found a box of "Corned Willie" he was looking for, 
"Frenchy" sat down, chanting: 

**If you don't like your Uncle Sam ; 

If you don't like the Red, White and Blue, 
Remember, my boy, it's not your mother — 
It's Mess Sergeant Sims that's feeding you." 

269 



270 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



THE SOLDIER'S RELIGION 

By Chaplain Emicett P. Smith 
167th U. S. Inf. 

The soldier, our common doughhoy, with rifle and pack, is- 
contrary to the opinion of "a few super-pious folks who fill son 
amen comer in our city and country churches — a rdigiocs 
fellow. 

Does he sometimes do a bit of "cussing^' when the mess 
sergeant and cooks serve his food half done? Yes, and wb 
among us wouldn't think in strong terms if we didn't say what 
we felt like saying? 

The difference between the soldier and many chnrchmen is 
at this point — ^he thinks in words; we don't 

The doughboy sometimes "shoots craps/' but he is perhaps not 
any worse as a gamester than members of some "Social Circle* 
who bum the midnight oil at a game of bridge, where a cut- 
glass bowl or some silver trinket is the stake to be won. 

As a matter of fact, the position of the crap-shooting soldier 
savors more of piety than that of his neighbors in the drawiiy- 
room — ^the soldier is on his knees while calling for his "7" or 
"11": perhaps his friends of the drawing-room sit as straigiit 
as tne Pharisee did when he stood in the temple and thariced 
God he was better than other folks. 

The average soldier is often rich in what he is not-— one thing 
sure, he is not a hypocrite. He is brave and hates deceit and 
cowardice. He is generous to a fault, often denying himself numj 
little luxuries that a brother-soldier may share them while on tbe 
march or in the trenches. 

The brotherhood of man is no small part of the soldier's 
creed, for common hardship and suffering is part of the soldier's 
lot in war, therefore all who serve with him soon become brothen 
in the spiritual sense. That is the one explanation of why ex- 
soldiers stick together like a block of cement 

The soldier believes in God — though he may not be a stidder 
for creeds ; yet. his faith In God is often sublime. I have known a 
thousand Alabama soldiers to stand, half ankle deep in snow 
and mud, for an hour while the chaplain stood on a machine gun 
cart and told the old, old story of the Savior's love» and all crwds 
were represented in that congregation. 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 271 

The chaplain would quote Cromwell, "Trust God and keep 
your powder dry," and perhaps part of the exhortation would be, 
"Faith will make you brave as lions, and you fellows can go 
over the top and give the Hun hell." 

We always had our regimental band to play "America" as a 
prelude. Off came every cap. Then "All Hall the Power of 
Jesus' Name," and every head bowed in prayer as we asked God 
to hear us, and to smile upon our loved ones back in Alabama. 
After the sermon the band would play "Dixie,'' and a thousand 
Alabama yells would challenge the enemy over the hills two 
kilometers away. 

The soldier attends services in time of war better than when 
he wore the clothes of a civilian. The regiment, consisting of 
3,600 men; is the chaplain's parish. I dare say that we always had 
larger congregations (weather permitting, and services in the 
trenches excepted) than many a popular preacher in Montgomery, 
Birmingham or Mobile, where good singing, good music and 
choice pews abound. - 

The soldier loves his Bible, for nearly all of them carry a 
Testament with them, and they read it, too. The soldier is no 
stranger to the prayer meeting. Many an Alabama lad gathered 
with his companions in a dugout in Lorraine, and by the light of 
a candle one read a chapter, another led a prayer, while a great 
big, husky doughboy dug out of his blouse a hymn book he had 
brought all the way from his home, and all joined in singing 
"Jesus, Lover of My Soul," or some old hymn learned in the 
Sunday school while a boy. 

The soldier will love and reiptci the church when he comes 
home from the army. But if th& church expects to keep a grip 
on these soldiers, it must not feed him on weak soup and milk 
tea— he is a meat-eater, he must liave good sermons, not essays. 
He is a fighting man, and he will not follow the lead of a 
minister who cleaves to the lines of least resistance. He is prac- 
tical, and he will apply his boot to all the fine spun theories 
and non-essentials. 

When he enlisted he was a boy — ^now he is a man; he has 
had a vision of the world, and he has finished a man's job in 
France. Now he is coming home, and he will fill a man's place 
in church and state to the consternation of dishonest politicians 
and all b^ch-warming hypocrites. 

I know the soldier, and all of va are willing to trust him and 
his God. 



272 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



A Mgro soldier in Fnmce was asked if he did&^t want tos^ 
his win. '"Whj," said the man. "I doesn't know wfaot a a 
dng.^ ^WeU," said ihe officer, ''we are soon goins 'over t|tt; 
and yon ought to leave your p r&per ly to someone la case of 7s 1 
being killed. Yon do that In your will" n doesn't knov Ikc 
dat," replied the ncgio; "de onty wHI I knows Ixxit Is wIkstI 
OS go home?^ 

dl dl Jl 

Pfirale Leroy C Baggett, from Roy. Abu, of Coapai^ 1* 
while enjoying a sleep in a dngout on the Lorraine front o 
awakened l^ someone calling out what he took to be *^' 
He immediately put on his gas mask and laid there awaitixfit 
signal ''No GasJ" After the men had eaten a good supper h 
night they returned to the dugout and were surpriaed to« 
Baggett asleep with the mask adjusted. The call he had has 
was "Mess J" and not ^GasT He was very much disapfxaai 
when told there had been no gas alarm and that the mqi b 
.enjoyed the ^cats.* 

J$ Jl Jl 

^Don't treat me rough, big boy," said Private Dee Rofaini 

from Cordova, Ala., of Company "L," during the mard throJ 

Fire-en-Tardenois in the Chiteau-Thierry drive as he saw &1^ 

.German "Dud" (unexpbded shell) lying beside the road. 

A piece of shrapnel from a bursting shell during the Chsttf 
Thierry drive struck a can under the arm of Private WiOie 
Ogletree, from Blocton, Ala., of Company T.," and caused^ 
syrup to leak out before the soldier could recovex from i 
fright and stop up the hole. 

ji ji ji 

During the Chateau-Thierry drive Private Tommie Rn 
from Rockford, Ala., of Company "L," jumping into a shell-b 
for protection, found two live Germans in it The Alabama m 
in his excitement at finding the Huns, jumped right out ag 
and ran off as fast as his legs could carry him, though a: 1 
time machine gun bullets were as thick as bees. 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 273 

A mother had missed her son at the train, but found him later 
on the street near G>urt Square. She had been in town all day 
and had obtained a room at one of the hotels. There was no 
room at the hotel for her soldier son and she did not want him 
to sleep in the Pullman. 

"He might get sick/' she explained. Finally she seemed to 
have solved the problem to her own satisfaction, 

"I'll tell you what We can put one mattress on the floor in 
my room and I can sleep on it and you can sleep in my bed, 
son." 

A tear came into the soldier's eye as he replied : 

''No, I will have to go bade to the train, but I will see you 
early in the morning." 

J» Jl 'Jl 

Many wild rabbits in France afforded the Alabamians much 
sport, the men chasing them, and it was not often that one 
escaped. The rabbits were of very large size. 

Lots of rats in the Lorraine trenches, with a consequent fol- 
lowing of cats, often caused the Alabama men some annoyance 
while the latter were in training. Sentinels on post at night, 
hearing cats running down the duck-boards after rats, growing 
somewhat nervous for fear the Huns were trying to slip in, would 
challenge 'Halt! Who is there?" Of course some little excite- 
ment was caused for the time being. 

Jl Jl Jl 

Regardless of the intense shell fire in the Champagne battle, 
Corporal John L. Ewing, from Birmingham, of Company ''I," 
worked faithfully carrying wounded comrades to the dressing 
stations in the rear. For this brave work he was given a regi- 

mcotal Qtatiim* 

^Jl ^ Jl 

Sergeant James I. Duke, from Opelibi, of Company *I," 
showed the resourcefulness and initiative of the American soldier 
in the Argonne fighting when, efter his officers had been shot 
down, he took command of the company and handled it admirably. 
He is well thought of by the men of that splendid company. 



274 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Sad things happen in war, and one of the saddest in tbe 
memory of Company ''L," 167th U. S. Infantry, occurred duriiif 
the Chateau-Thierry drive. It was when a sentinel, eirer akrt 
challenged and received an answer "Karoerad," to whicli he r^ 
plied with several rifle shots, not caring to take chances with the 
well-known German trick. He killed one of three Enc^ish sol- 
diers, escaped prisoners from the German lines, and wounded 
another. The men said they were trying to gain safe access to 
German trenches, having given up aU hope of getting out of 
the area and hade to friendly shelter. 

When an officer of the Alabama regiment came np he f oond 
one of the "Tommies^ dying while an unwoanded one wai 
stooping over and kissing him on the check, saying as he did so^ 
They didn't mean to do it, old paL Thtj didn't mean lb do 
it" The scene i)fought tears to the eyes of the officer as be 
sadly looked on. 

Jl Jl Jl 
» 

Corporal Tom White, of Company 1," and from Gadsden, 
during the Croix Rouge Farm fight, hopped off like a cfaickeo 
when a shell exploded near his squad, then moving forward is 
perfect formation, killing three of the men and severely ahoddng 
the corporal Finally the latter collected himself and walked 
properly. 

Jl Jl Jl 

"I just wanted souvenirs,** said a private of Compsmy T 
during the Croix Rouge Farm fight when an officer asked him 
why he had just been so reckless in going out in the open field, 
the latter then under a hail of machine gun bullets. The ma»had 
collected some mementoes from dead Boches. 

Jl Jl J» 

Major Robert Joerg, Jr., for years a resident of this city, and 
promoted for ability and bravery shown in France, stepped from 
the Pullman on the second section from Birmingham, Sundaj 
night, and exclaimed : 

"There is no use in telling you how glad I am to return— 
that would be a waste of time. You say for me, however, that 
the men of this regiment were incomparable ; that there are no 
other soldiers like them." 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 275 

There was a touching scene as the major stepped off the tfain. 
Private Joseph A. Davis, of Montgomery, who was with the 
Pioneer Platoon of the 167th, and who lost an arm at the Croix 
Rouge Farm fight, was there to meet him. Private Davis was 
accompanied by his wife. His eyes were moistened with tears 
and his* voice faltered as he greeted his former commander. 

"Hello, Davis t So glad to see you, old fellow," said the 
major. 

"Yta^" replied the young soldier, ''tmt I have only one wing.** 

That brought forth from Major Joerg the answer : '^ou still 
have your nerve, thou^, haven't you?" 

The hero replied, as his voice broke, Tou bet, major." 

Jl Jl ^ 

FOURTH ALABAMA INFANTRY, C S. A.. IN MAIN 

CAMPAIGNS OF CIVIL WAR 

The Fourth Alabama was organized at Dalton, Gak, May 2, 
1861, and proceeded at once to Virginia. Mustered into service 
for 12 months at Lynchburg, May 7, it proceeded to Harper's 
Ferry. It soon after fell bade to Winchester, where it became 
part of GoL B. £. Bee's brigade, of which the Second and 
Eleventh Mississippi, First Tennessee, and Sixth North Carolina 
were the other regiments. Moved to Manassas Junction, the 
regiment took a prominent part in that conflict, losing 38 killed 
and 206 wounded out of a total of 750 engaged. Gen. Bee, killed 
at Manassas, was succeeded by Gen. W. H. C Whiting. 

The Fourth wintered at Dumfires, reenlisted for three years 
in January, 1862, reorganized in April, and about that time moved 
over to ^e vicinity of Norfolk. It was engaged both days at 
Seven Pines, losing 8 killed and 19 wounded. A fortnight later, 
the brigade was sent to the VaUey, but came back with Jackson's 
corps a few days after. It was hotly engaged at Cold Harbor, 
kMing 22 killed and 106 wounded out of 5(X> present, and lost 
slightly at Malvern Hill. 

Moving northward with the fetrmy, the Fourth participated at 
the second Manassas, losing 20 killed land 43 wounded. 

At Boonsboro the loss was slight, and at Sharpsburg 8 were 
killed and 36 wounded. 

After this campaign Gen. Law was assigned to the permanent 
command of the brigade, which was shortly after organized with 



276 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

the FoaiHi, Fifteentii, FortT-Fonrtli, Forty-Seffcndi and Folt^ 
Eighth Alabama Regiments as its c u i up temcoL 

The Fourth was eqgaged at FredcridcsbBX)^ losing 5 k3ki 
and 17 wounded 

It lost slightly in the brilliant fi^ at Suffolk; and aooo after 
took up the line of march for llaryland. It passed into Feim- 
sylvania, and was engaged in the assault at Gtttjsbarg, witk tk 
loss of 15 killed and 72 wounded and misting. 

In the Fall the Fourth moved widi Longstreet's corps, and 
took part at Chickamanga, with a loss of 14 lolled and S4 
wounded out of about 500 engaged. It moved with the corps 
into East Tennessee, and in the attack on KnozviDe lost 5 
killed and 24 wotmded. 

Rejoining the army in Virginia, the Fourth was hodj engaged, 
and lost 15 killed and 58 wounded at the battle of the ^^Iclemess 
out of about 250 engaged, and 4 killed and 11 wounded at 
Spottsylvania. It took part in all the operations to the seoond 
Cold Harbor, where its loss was slight. Then for nearly 10 
months it lay behind the defenses of Petersburg, taking part m 
the various movements and assaults, and losing 10 kiUed and 3D 
wounded during the time. It surrendered 202 men at Appo- 
mattox, Gen. Perry, of Maoon, having been in command of 
the brigade for nearly a year. 

Of 1,422 men on its rolls, about 240 perished in battle, nearly 
100 died of disease, and 408 were discharged or transferred. 

F^ZLO ANB StAVF 

The field and staff personnel follow : 

G>lonels— Egbert J. Jones, of Madison, killed at the first 
Manassas. Evander M. Law, of Macon, promoted, Pickney D. 
Bowles, of Conecuh. 

Lieutenant-Colonels— E. M. Law, promoted Thomas J. Gold»- 
by, of Dallas, wounded at Cold Harbor, resigned. Owen K. 
McLemore, of Chambers, killed at Boonsboro. P. D. Bowles, 
promoted L. Houston Scruggs, of Madison, wounded at' Chick- 
amauga. 

Majors— Charles L. Scott, of Wilcox, wounded at Manassas, 
resigned P. D. Bowles, promoted L. H. Scruggs, promoted 
Thomas K. Coleman, of Perry, killed at Chickamauga. W. M. 
Robbins, of Perry, wounded at Wilderness. 

Adjutant— Robert T. Coles, of Madison, wounded at Gaines* 
Mill. 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 277 

Captaias and counties from which companies came : 

Dallas— Thomas J. Goldsby, promoted. R« V. Kidd, killed at 
Ohickamauga. J. M. West, wounded at Hanover Junction. 

Maoon— T. B. Dryer, till reorganized. £• J. Glass, resigned. 
Bayless £. Brown, killed at Wilderness. 

Dallas— N. H. R. Dawson, till reorganized. Alfred C. Price, 
killed at Cold Harbor. M. D. Sterrett, wounded at Malvern Hill, 
retired. F. C Robbins, wounded at Cold Harbor, wounded and 
captured at Knoxville. 

Perry and Marengo— Richard Clarke, till reorganized. Thomas 
K. Coleman, promoted. James T. Jones, wounded at Wilderness. 

Conecuh — P. D. Bowles, promoted. William Lee, killed at 
Malvern HilL J. W. Darby, wounded at Wilderness. 

Madison — G. B. Mastin, killed at Seven Pines. W. W. Left- 
wich, killed at Gettysburg. James H. Brown, wounded at Wil- 
derness. 

Perry— Porter King, till reorganized. WiUiam M. Robbins, 
promoted. H. H. Moseley, wounded and captured at iCnoxville. 

Lauderdale — Robert McFarland, till reorganized. H. Armis- 
tead, killed at the first Cold Harbor. W. F. Karsner. 

Madison — Edward D. Tracy, transferred and promoted. L. 
Hcmston Scruggs, wounded at Malvern Hill and Sharpsborg, 
promoted. Walter Harris, died in the service. 

Jackson — R. B. Linsey, killed at first Manassas. J. D. Ogilvie, 
died in the service. James H. Young, till reorganized W. H. 
Robinson, wounded at Cold Harbor, retired. James Sullivan, 
killed at Sharpsburg. James Keith, killed at Fredericksburg. 
A. Murray, killed at Petersburg. Mclver. 

J$ J$ J$ 

The boys of Company "£" all say that Top Sergeant Sam 
Blackwcll is one of the "best scouts" of the company. Sam 
comes from the city of Decatur, on the Tennessee, and is used 
to water. 

•H Jl ^ 

'^e ^Tt having some time, believe me," said F. M. Helton, 
of Alabama City, Company "Ly" when he arrived in M(Mitgomery 
Sunday night with the "Old Fourth.'' 'The Birmingham people 
gave us a grand reception; they did everything they possibly could 
for us. We are anxious to get home, but we do not want- to 
miss anj of this good time the people have fixed up for us. 



278 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Everywhere we stop, crowds meet its and give us all kinds of 
good things. 

"I have not had any sleep ^in thirty-six honrs, but I am not 
going to sleep before to-morrow night, when I get out of here 
for MobUe." 

Jl Jl Jl 

Thomas A. Jackson, G>mpany "D,** 167th R^;iment, was wear- 
ing a German waist-belt when he entered Montgomery for the 
wdcome. Jackson was with the regiment through all its opera- 
tions and did not receive a wound. 

Jl Jl Jl 

Regimental Sergeant Major Qaude HoUiday and Sergeant 
Eugene Alexander, of the Headquarters Company of the 167th 
Regiment, were among the Montgomerians shaking hands with 
their friends Sunday after the long absence. 

Sergeant Alexander was formerly a member of the machine 
gun company raised in Montgomery as part of the regiment in 
its National Guard days, and whidi Captain Julien M. Strass- 
burger afterward commanded in France. 

Among the other Montgomerians in the Machine Gun Com- 
pany who will be remembered by their fellow dtixens was 
Corporal Rush Pearson Wynn, who met death in iaction about 
the same time as Captain Strassburger. 

Jl Jl Jl 

Major Abner G. Flowers, of Ozaiic, was so happy to reach 
Montgomery and his native state he could not express himself. 

Too, he said : The bravery of the men was of the finest You 
cannot say too much or put it too strongly. They outfous^ the 
finest troops of the Gorman army, and had no peers in the 
American army. Lots of the wounded men are rejoining U8» 
and that, 6f course, makes us happy. We are all sorry ihe 
regiment could not be mustered out here." 

Jl Jl Jl 

''What do we New Yorkers think of CoL Screws? Well, you 
know what you people think of him, and we just think more 
of him than you do,'' said Capt. E. F. Hackett, of New Yoik. 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 279 

intenSgence oflker of the 167th Regiment, last night, who with 
Oapt M. G. Markland, also of New York, commanding Company 
"F," had come all the way from their state to see the grand 
reception which was to be given the returning heroes. '"No 
better commanding oflker ever lived,** they said, "and should 
he have had what was coming to htm, he would have been a 
major-generaL" 

^And, confidentially, I believe that he is yet to be recognized," 
one of the oflScers stated. 

J» J» J» 

Qutnn C Goodman, of Barber Connty, served several months 
in France with G)mpany "E," In speaking of Colonel William 
P. Screws, he said: "He is a fine officer, and I want to tell you 
he is not afraid of shot and shell, either.** 

Jl Jt Jl 

'Vo finer little man ever existed than CoL Screws," said 
Lieut L. M. Ware, of Fort Valley, Ga., who was speaking of 
the commanding officer to several Montgomerians at the Ex- 
change Hotel last night, "and Alabama should well be proud 
of the record he has made with the 167th Regiment" 



I 



Jl Jt jl 



James Bunch, of Decatur, is one of the old members of Com- 
inny "£." He was in all the engagements with his company in 
France, and never got a scratch. He is loud in his praise of 
CoL Screws. 

J» J» <^ 

About 11 o'clock of the night of September 8, 1918; the col- 
umn moved forward on the Toul front through inky blackness. 

Sergeant Edward A. Williams, from Montgomery, of the 
167th's Machine Gun Company, had the misfortune of having 
his escort wagon turn over into a roadside ditch. "Get those 
mules out of there 1" he bawled out. 

Hearing some cries from under the pile of breeches, sox 
and other supplies the wagon had held, he called out : "Who is 
that under there?** "Ifs me,** squealed the driver underneath, 
who continued: "I went to sleep aiid had a dream that I was 
turning them oflF the end back on the old man*s farm in Ala- 
bama.** 



280 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Sergeant R. A. Jones, G>nipany "F/* Florala, refuses to be 
lionized and r^;ards the fact that he wasn't fait simply as a 
matter of com^e. 

Asked if he could recall anything exciting that happened to 
him during any of the big fifi^ts in which he took part, he replied : 
"No, I can't think of anything right now that was especially 
exciting. Just pretty much the same old stuff all the time." 

He didn't regard the fact that he had come through without 
a scratch as anything out of the ordinary, but said he was fairly 
sure he had damaged a f^ Germans considerably. Though 
reticent about his part in the war, he obligingly exhibited ^ num- 
ber of interesting souvenirs he carried in a pocketbook. 

He says he was at Buzancy when the armistice was signed* 
and has brought back a picture of the building which constituted 
the "P. C" at that place. He also has two pieces of currency, 
which the Germans value at one pfennig and one mark, respect- 
ively, which he has kept as evidence of his stay on "Boche^' soiL 
He says G)lonel Screws is ''as fine a man as ever has been." 

*JI Jl Jl 

Private D. C. Davidson, of Birmingham, who came back from 
France ahead of the regiment after being wounded, made the 
trip with his old company from Birmingham to Montgomery in 
order to be in the parade to-day. He has not entirely recovered 
from his wounds and looks ill, but said he considered it a duty 
to march with the 167th in Montgomery, even if he had to make 
the return trip on a stretcher. 

Jl Jl Jl 

On the nig^t of May 10th, in the Baccarat sector, *IC and 
"M" companies, of the Third Battalion, 167th U. S. Infantry, 
were in the front line; Companies "I" and "L" were in support, 
and G>mpany "M" was in the Grand Bois sub-sector. The Grand 
Bois was a large and thickly wooded area which had been held 
by a battalion as a rule. 

The front line had "strong points," known as "G. CV (from 
the French, "groupe de Combat"), while behind each two 'XL 
C's" was a "P. A" (from the French, "poste d'appui"), a sort 
of reserve support Each "G. C" was commanded by a lieu- 
tenant, and each "P. A." by a lieutenant, the latter being re- 
sponsible for the two "G. C's" out front. In the rear was the 
post of the company commander. It was a Janlike formation. 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 281 

tile company comnander being at the lower point, the "P. A.'s'* 
being halfway out toward the ends where the arc of the fan 
reached, the ends themseWes being the ''G. C's" In 4)etween 
the tairo *^ C's" was a line of trench. 

At the ••?• A-V were reserves for the "G. C's," and the 
company commander had some left, generally his headquarters 
platoon. Orders were for all "G. C/s'' to stand to the last man, 
and tbe **F. AJs" and the company commander had like instruc- 
tiona. The men at the 'T. A.'s" were not to be used except to 
coonter attack at the "G. C's" or to defend their own positions. 
The Huns had a similar scheme. 

The morning of May 12th was ''Mother's Day." Major Dallas 
B. Smith, commanding the battalion, went to the post of Captain 
Ravee Norris to investigate the water supply. Later, when the 
two o£Boers, the first from Opelika and the second from Birming- 
ham, went to one of the ^^P. A.'s," a member of the intelligence 
section, who had, with two other men, been sent out into "No 
Man's Land" in the early morning to destroy a sniper's post, 
came running in and excitedly reported: "We went right into 
the Boche lines, coming upon one of his combat groups instead of 
a sniper's post" 

Then the story followed that the three men, Private Harry 
Gmch (now dead— killed in St Mihiel drive), of Company "K," 
McCain, of the same outfit, and John Dismukes, of Company 
*M," were engaged by the Hun group of 15 to 20 men, and had 
killed five of the "square-heads" before seeking safety them- 
selves. 

At this time the 42nd Division was very anxious to get infor- 
mation as to what enemy organization was out front. After 
hearing the report, Captain Norris suggested to Major Smith 
that a patrol be sent out to bring in one or two of the dead 
enemy so that they might learn their identity. Lieut. Taylor, 
of Company "M," volunteered to take the patrol, and did so, 
although later the battalion's intelligence officer and two other 
patrol officers came into the sector at Major Smith's request, and 
were sent out to assist Lieut Taylor. 

The patrol was divided and a "point" was pushed forward 
into the enemy's lines, at the place where the first fight took 
place; an4, for some time there in the middle of the day there 
followed the second scrap, resulting in the killing of another 
"Boche" and the bringing back to the Alabamas' lines of the dead 
body. 



282 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

During the fight, however, one man was lost, John Jones, 
of Oxford, an automatic rifle expert, who, when -last seen, had 
set up his rifle in a shellhole and was firing away at the enemy 
as the rest of his patrol withdrew to the American lines. Jones 
had protected the withdrawal of one officer and about four 
other men. 

Whether Jones was killed or captured was not known at the 
time. Later he was officially reported as having been captured. 
Still later news reaching the 167th Infantry at Sinzig, Germany, 
says that the brave man was wounded and captured, but after 
the armistice was released, and that he is now back in dear old 
Alabama. 

The story not only shows what sort of men made up the 
regiment, but indicates its daring initiative and the sacrifice it 
was willing to make on ''Mother's Day." 

Ji J$ J$ 

Captain S. V. Gamble, not a native Alabamian, but a former 
Regular sergeant of sixteen years in the army, and whose home 
is in Lamar, Colorado, said: 

"The fellows from this state are the grandest men I ever had 
to deal with — ^the bravest of the brave, and the whole army 
knows it. All you had to do was to tell them to go ahead, and 
they went with the most superb dash and fearlessness." 

Captain Gamble commanded Company "D," Captain Lacey 
Edmondson's old outfit. 

«Jw iJS «Jw 

Edward Young, of Headquarters Company, is from Florence, 
up on the Tennessee River where the government is building 
the big dam. He said the men were all very fond of Colonel 
William P. Screws, that he was a fine officer and a friend to 
all the boys. 

He spoke of Major Qenn« of Gadsden, and told how he rose 
from the ranks to his present office, and remarked that "the 
boys are just crazy about him." 

It was a grand home-coming for Company "A,** one of the 
Montgomery outfits of the regiment; in fact, they had a large 
sign placed on the side of one of their cars with this inscription, 
''Company 'A,' 167th Infantry, From Hell to Heaven— Alabama's 
Own." 

On a box on the platform of the L. and N. freight depot a 



*4 

4*' 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 283 

mother and father sat talking Sunday night with their son, just 
back from overseas. It was their first meeting in over eighteen 
months, as the stripes on the soldier's sleeve indicated. 

'Ain't you hungry, boy?" asked the mother. 

'No'm, I have been eating all day. At every station people 
g^ve us cakes, candy and good things.** 

"Now listen at him, Pa. Son, I know you are hungry. I 
brought a jar of peaches all the way from home just to see 
you eat 'em." 

As the long troop trains came trundling in last night, John 
Barley, of Andalusia, like dozens of other fathers no doubt were 
doing, was hunting his son, G>rporal C. W. Barley, of Company 
"H." Like others, he missed him in the crowd, and a little 
later fell in with some of the train guards. Out of the wisdom 
of their experience, they suggested that Mr. Barley take charge of 
his son's berth, and a pleasant surprise is awaiting Corporal 
Barley when he reports for duty this morning. 

«JS «JS iJS 

First Lieutenant Alan K. Smith, of Birmingham, Ala., then 
in command of Company "K," just after the Croix Rouge Farm 
had been taken, and as the Alabamians were trying to push into 
the woods beyond, was shot through the right arm, the bone 
being broken by the bullet 

J$ Jl Jl 

I heard an officer (can't recall his name) say a few days 
ago: 

"I have seen a^ great many wounded men, some of them 
mortally, and they inew it, but I have yet to hear one complain. 
Also, I have never found an enlisted man who wouldn't go 

anywhere you would lead him — and most of them a d sight 

further." 

The same officer remarked : 

"The great mystery to me is, why Colonel Screws, who is 
responsible for the best combat regiment in the A. £. F., is still 
a colonel, and others who have never heard a 'whizz-bang* go 
off are now having the 'flourishes' played for them when they 
appear." 



284 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

''Search me I Cest la gtierre." But one tiitn^ I do kacv. 
the oolonel and his Alabamiana put the American armj oa^ 
map. I don't care who knows I wrote this. 

J^ J$ J$ 

t 

Out on the St. Mihiel front there appeared amoos tiie \S^\ 
officers and men an instructor in minor tactics from sonae adnci 
in the rear. He had come up for some firsthand inf ormatn 
and— got it. However, as will be seen, so great was his has 
to go back and impart die information gleaned that he left befaec 
a fine raincoat, and on the shoulders were gold leaves. 

It is related that on the way back from die actual front i 
"105" shell exploded near the officer, who, in true school strlCp k 
the ground, jumped up and ran off, leaving behind a fine iwDooa 
whidi had been slung over his arm. 

Jl ^ ^ 

Chaplain Fred R. Davies, of Indianapolis, Ind., Second Bit- 
talion of the 167th United States Infantry, makes a snggestioG 
for the next war, as follows : 

"One official 'cootie' catcher, preferably a monkey, for each 
company commander and each platoon." 

^ ^ ^ 

Birmingham's farewell to the "Old Fourth" Regiment wfaco 
the command started for Montgomery was as hearty as tiie 
reception had been, and the route between the two cities was one 
triumphal procession. Thousands gathered at the L. & K. sta- 
tion to see the troops off. 

At Mountain Creek veterans from the Confederate Soldiers' 
Home turned out in force and for forty minutes the elder and 
the young veterans fraternized with the mutual understanding 
and appreciation that exists among real fighting men who hare 
"been there." 

Col. William P. Screws, with twenty officers of the 1674 
Infantry, the headquarters company, regimental band and othcf 
troops, filled the first of the three sections, which left Birming- 
haril at 2 P. M., followed at 45-minute intervals by the other 
two trains of Pullman cars. 

Dense crowds were about the stations at Jemison and CaletUt 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 285 

where bficf vtops were made, and at many of the small tiowns 
where the trains did not halt, maiqr persons were gathered to 
catch a view of the soldiers. 

At Qanton the reception was organized and Colonel Screws 
ordd-ed a parade of the band and headquarters company. School 
girls and hoy scouts led the procession through the principal 
streets, and the comnunding officer of the regiment made a short 
speech from the rear of a country wagon. Verbena also turned 
oat in force and again Colonel Screws addressed an immense 
crowd from town and surrounding country, using a wagon as a 
speaker^s stand. 

Upon arriyal at Mountain Creek, the regimental band struck 
tip "Dixie,** followed by National airs, and the veterans of the 
war between the sections demonstrated that they have not for- 
gotten their ancient yelL Colonel Screws expressed the appre- 
ciation of the regiment for the reception, and at the conclusion 
af his remarks was presented with a miniature Confederate 
battle flag. 

At Deatsville and other points along the line drinks^ camfies 
and cigarettes were served the soldiers by committees of ladies. 

J^ J$ J$ 

Because a '^oche^ had killed his orderly, Lieutenant Robert 
Espy, of Abbeville, of Company *'B/' got raving mad and ran a 
bayonet clear through the Hun who was trying to get away. It 
was a close quarters affair altogether, happening at Chateau- 
Thierry. 

J$ J$ J^ 

An Advertiser man asked a soldier of the Old Fourth if they 
were troubled with cooties, and his reply was : 

''Cooties? Those loving little things I They chewed us dough- 
boys like a Scnegambian chews chicken 1** 

J$ jIt j$ 

Ben Cropper, of Gadsden, who served with the Headquarters 
Company, and took part in every big fight except St Mihiel, 
just to look at him seems like any other private soldier, except 
he's maybe a little broader and bigger than the average, but 
there's a little sheet of paper he carries carefully folded in his 
pocketbook which singles him out from all the rest, for that piece 



286 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

of paper, signed by the commaoder of the dhrisioii. General Ifi 
her, bears an official citation for bravery and gallantry in actior 

It was on July 28, 1918, at Croix Rouge Farm, that Crapfx: 
was detailed to carry a message through a murderous barrage 
a message that meant much and that had to be delivered. H; 
got nearly through when a fragment of shrapnel tore into tbe 
ligaments and muscles on the left side of his neck. Bleeifi:^ 
profusely from his wound, he still kept on, performed his missii?: 
and, though suffering intense pain and weak from loss of lAood. 
made his way back through the murderous fire and reported once 
more to his commanding officer for duty. 

Except for an ugly scar where kis wound has healed, urar has 
left no mark on Cropper. He's as light-hearted and care- free as 
ever, does not regard himself as a hero, and would not consect 
to exhibit his citation until urged by three or four comrades wbc 
knew about it "If you're lookin' for a real fightin' son of a gun," 
said one of them, "he's your man." 

Then someone mentioned the "C O." "I tell you there ain't 
any more like Colonel 'BilF Screws," said Cropper. "He's the 
finest and best man in the world." 

"We had a pretty tough time with the snow," said one 
"doughboy," "especially we Alabamians who weren't used to it 
Sometimes at night we'd put up in a billet where there wasn't 
any fire, and by morning our wet marching shoes would be 
frozen stiff. 

"How did we get them on? We just grabbed a bunch of 
hay, stuffed each shoe full and set it on fire. By the time all 
the grass had burned the shoes were fairly dry, so we'd empty 
out the ashes, put our ^kicks' on and 'fall in.' " 

J$ J$ J^ 

During the Saint Mihiel drive, so it is related, Private Joseph 
Tucker, of Ozark, a member of Company "G," found 500,000 
marks in German paper money, put it in his pack, only to throw 
the sum (before the war worth about $125,000) away shortly 
thereafter that he might carry a few pounds of sugar he picked 
up in a Hun commissariat which had been abandoned. 

In the Champagne, defending Chalons and the vital valley 
of the Marne, along with Genera! Gouraud's French "Iron Corps," 
of which the Alabama regiment was a part, were the First Bat- 
talion and the Third Battalion of the 167th United States In- 
fantry. They occupied a second position immediately in rear 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 287 

of the front line. The Second Battalion had been placed in 
tine front line with the French. The two battalions first named 
^vere practically artillery targets for the enemy, and each suf- 
fered about 380 casualties ther«. Company "K/' of the Third, 
Had 64 casualties alone. 

As a consequence the two battalions were aching to get re- 
venge on the Huns. Seeing that they could not get into the 
front line to personally fight the mad, onrushing foes, many of 
the Alabamians went out to French artillery positions in their 
sector and helped to carry shells to the gunners. 

Such grit and determination as displayed by these Alabamians 
that day in July, 1918, stopped the mighty Hun offensive, and 
^won for them from their French comrades the name of "The 
Tigers." 

J$ J$ J$ 

Captain Gardner Greene, of Pell City, Ala., was gassed badly in 
the Chateau-Thierry drive. He was killed September 12, 1918, 
near Essey, in the St. Mihiel drive. 

Jl Jl ^ 

During the St. Mihiel drive one of the 167th's men was 
severely wounded in the leg. Two Hun prisoners had been taken, 
and, to save active fighters, he volunteered td take the captured 
men to the rear. A litter was found, the Alabamian sat in it, 
and with a .45 calibre pistol in one hand and a cigarette in the 
other, he forced the two Huns to carry him to the rear. Arriv-» 
ing there he turned his prisoners over to a guard and then was 
himself carried to the hospital. 

ji Ji ^ 

During the crossing of the Ourcq River in the Chateau-Thierry 
drive, due to their rations having not gotten up, the officers and 
men of the ''Fighting Fourth" had to crawl out and take food off 
bodies of dead Germans. Think of it! 

Though seriously wounded by a machine gun bullet, Private 
Dee Robinson, from Cordova, Ala., of Company "L," delivered 
an importaqt message to the fourth platoon during tne Argonne 
drive. After carrying out his orders he said: "Tell Lieutenant 
Green Fll have to go to the hospital, but that I delivered bis 
message." 



288 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

AiatNuna dooghhoy : The 'moment of inertia' of diese 
too long. They first have to think a week and then moveJ 

^ ^ ^ 

A Reguhr Army colonel was inspecting the trendies one dr] 
Coming upon Major Dallas B. Smith, the colonel said: *Ma}c| 
Where's your insignia that belongs on your right shoulder?^ Ti 
major replied, in e£Fect, as follows : "Don't know and dost gr i 
a d— ^, sir; haven't time to think about frills out here." 

J$ J$ J$ 

Doughboy from Alabama: "^o wonder the English caB thr 
Huns 'squareheads.' All over this land along the Rhine one see 
signs telling the people how to walk, what they can and wis 
they can't da I guess it's all a part of the German eflkseoc^ 
system." 

J$ J$ J$ 

The "Distinguished Service Cross" in war does not alw^ 
go to those who earn it, as is shown by the case of Seigeut 
Arthur Lutes, from Attalla, Ala., of Company "U* 

Lieutenant L. W. Green, of Chicago, an officer of the com- 
pany, recites this act of Sergeant Lutes as follows : 

'In the advance of the Third Battalion through the eastern 
part of the Foret de Fere, in the Chateau-Thierry drive. Ser- 
geant Lutes was wounded three times in the right arm, aind so 
badly that he could not move it He stayed with ihc platoon the 
rest of the day, helping to consolidate the position, and would 
not go to the rear until constant loss of blood had put him io 
such a state that he was only semi-conscious most of the time. 

''It has always been a source of regret to me that he was not 
awarded the D. S. C. for his wonderful bravery under diat 
terrible fire from the artillery and machine guns." 

^ ^ Ji 

Company "E" had only about twenty of the original nnmber 
who went with the company to France. Many of them were 
killed, some died of disease and others were transferred to other 
organizations after reaching France. 

Captain Raymond R. Brown, who is now the coounandiag 



/ 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 289 

officer of the company, was a first lieutenant wheil the company 
landed on French soil, and Captain Jackson was then the com- 
mander of the company. Later Captain Jackson was promoted 
to the rank of major, and Lieutenant Brown was raised to the 
rank of captain. 

This company, like many of the other companies of the 
regiment, has wiUiin its ranks many replacements. A number 
of Mobile boys are now with the company, as are also some 
men from the States of Georgia and Tennessee. 

As an organization, Company "E" is the oldest in North 
Alabama, and the original personnel of the company was from 
Decatur and Albany. 

■Ji ji ji 

After having been wounded in the back during the Chateau- 
Thierry drive and refusing to go to the rear, First Lieutenant 
Otho W. Humphries, Company "M," Oxford, was struck a sec- 
ond time in the foot This time he was obliged to leave and 
was making his own way back to the dressing station when he 
saw m "Boche" sniper in a tree. Though weak from loss of 
blood, the lieutenant (later captain) shot the Hun from his hig^ 
position and the latter tumbled down to the ground. 

J$ jh ^ 

With her head buried on his shoulder, and her arms clasped 
around his neck in loving embrace, the brave little mother, trying 
in vain to restrain the recreant tears, clung to her boy. 

Hie bitter experience of the long, hard months of waiting, the 
anadons days and sleepless nights were all forgotten. The yearn- 
ing heart. at last had found the peace for which it craved. 

"Mother! Mother 1'* the boy's eyes grew dim. He drew the 
trembling form closer in his strong embrace. The crowds surged 
by. The hurrahs of the multitude continued. 

Safely encompassed by his love, the little mother, oblivions 
of the curious crowd, kissed him and uttered a silent prayer 
of thanksgiving to the all wise Father for His goodness to her 
and ber& 

J$ J^ J$ 

Private R. Howell, of Evergreen, Company *%** wore an un- 
usual decoration when he arrived in Mon^omery, Sunday night, 
with the Fourth Alabama. An Advertiser man stopped to talk 



290 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

to him in order to get a closer yiew of die ''order^ in an cfirr 
to identify it Nothing doing; he had not seen or heard of ms 
such order, American or foreign. Nevertheless, it did kn 
somewhat familiar. Cariosity got the better of the newspaper 
man at last, so he boldly asked: 

"What Idnd of a decoration is this yoa have; HowcH? I: 
looks unusual to me." 

"Ah, yes," he replied. "I got that in Birmingham. CipCared i 
it from the dress of one of the prettiest girls in town." ms be | 
smoothed out a big bow of vari-colored ribbons. 

Ji ^ Ji 

Joe F. McCartney, of Samson, went to Biraiinghaitt to gied 
his old comrades and came to Montgomery with them on the 
troop train. He was invalided back to the states a few weeks 
ago and had secured his discharge, bat he had to be with the 
old Rainbow in their homecoming. His father. Editor W. R 
McCartney, of the Samson Ledger, cane to Montsoaery to 
enjoy the reception with his son. 

«^ ^ il 

Corporal A. A. Holly, Company "D,** 167th Regimenf; stated 
Sunday night that he and three other men entered a town that 
had been recently evacuated by the artillery and found a dogDiit 
containing 101 Germans who surrendered Corporal HoOy was 
wounded by a machine gun sniper during the operatioiis in 
tht Argonne Forest His home is at Albany^ Ala. 

^ ^ ^ 

^ou just can't kin a man from Lowndes County, Alabama. 
They are as resilient as a rubber baU," said Private Hugji Hayne^ 
of Sandy Ridge. 

Despite the fact that Private Haynes was reported dead oa 
the battle-field three consecutive times, he has come home to tdl 
his own story of the thousand natural shocks of soldier's life, 
and to be warmly welcomed by his own dear ones again. 

Private Haynes, who left the states a rollicking happy-go- 
lucky boy, has returned with a wound stripe, a taste of Goniin 
gas, and a broader outlook on life as a whole. 

He was warm in his praise of the French people. ^Kkat 
tribute should be paid to our sister nation," he said 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 291 

'The French loved the American boys. And they are tmty 
appredative of the great aid rendered them by America." 

^ ^ ^ 

Lee West, a member of Headquarters G>mpany, whose home 
is in Birmingham, was highly pleased with the reception given 
the regiment in his home city Saturday. ^Bot from what I have 
been able to see since arriving to-night, it looks to be like Mont- 
gomery is going to do herself proud to-morrow/'he said. 

Continuing, he said: ''I tell you we had the finest bunch of 
officers and men of any regiment that went to France. Our 
officers, from Colonel Screws all down the linei could not be 
excelled hf any company.'* 

^ Jl Jl 

Private H. G. Golden, of Phcenix City, Company 1,** was one 
of the men to get in Sunday night on the last train. A news- 
paper man stopped him for a chat and got out his note pad. 

''Whafs your name. Old Pal?" the newspaper man asked. 

*^ait a minute, what kind of a paper is that you are making 
ont?^ Golden asked as the newspaper man began to write. 

^Jttst writing your name and company to have something in 
The Advertiser about you in the morning." 

'^h, thafs all right I just wanted to be sure they weren't 
no enlistment papers." 

^ ^ Ji 

"I scratched cooties fourteen months" says Sergeant Roy G. 
Ellis, Ca **€,** Ozark, Ala. Sergeant Ellis was wounded at the 
battle of Chateau-Thierry on July 28th. He was sent home with 
a casual detachment and received his discharge in time to visit 
his home at Ozark before coming to Montgomery for the wel- 
come. 

When asked how he liked France he said that he supposed 
he was like most of the Americans that went over there, "satisfied 
with the trip." 

j$ J$ J$ 

A Georgian who happened to get into the famous Alabama 
regiment was asked what he thought of the welcome. 

''All I igotta say is that if Germany had known what this 
regiment was fighting for— she'd a stopped quicker em she did!" 



292 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Private John Harrison, of Fort Deposit, who was woondr. 
in the battle of Chateau-Thierry, was pleased beyond 
to be back in Montgomery again. He said that their 
the field was due almost entirety to CoL Screws, and that n 
man had ever looked after his men as had CoL Screws. £2 
was prQud of him and he feh sure that Montg o mery sboold k 
proud to claim him as her son. Private Harrison was a membr 
of the old First Regiment, and was transferred to the old Faax^ 
Alabama. 

Private First Qass W. C Tarver, of Montgomery, was vefr 
proud of the record of his outfit and says that no finer man err 
lived than Col. Screws. He was a member of Company "A' 
and went to the border with the company as a part of the ok 
Fourth. He also had many words of praise for his ooaunandiac 
officer, Capt L. R. Morgan, who was a sergeant instmctor in ^ 
Alabama National Guard before he was commissioaed in the 
old Fourth. 

J$ J$ J$ 

"^e go by the name of the Hell Cats of Alabama,' orer 
there. The Germans class us along with the 'Devil Dogs.' AihI 
I really think that we have lived up to our names." 

Thus did Joe B. Walker, of West Point, Ga., laconka% 
summarize die fighting spirit of the old Fourth Alabama, Bt 
was weary and confused Sunday night when he came into Mont- 
gomery, ''But just you wait until I can collect my thoughts,* be 
cautioned, "and I can tell you enough to fill a history. 

''And by the way we did make history. We made up our 
minds to whip the Germans and come home as soon as the fight 
was over. And here we are.** 

Private Walker, in speaking of the Germans, stated that 
when the American boys marched into Germany tney were re- 
ceived with cheers and ovations. "The German people realhr 
liked the Americans. And many a fond farewell and sincere 
good-bfe were wished us by the Germans when we left," he said 

J$ J$ J^ 

"Chickens were mighty hard to get," says OilYln Ross, of 
Prattville, who did the cooking for "A" Company daring their 
stay overseas, and who also engaged in swatting the FiiiB on the 
side. "The French people liked chicken as well as ua, ivd maybe 

i 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 293 

i little better, so they kept them tinder lock and key while the 
IDougrhboys' were around. 

**Now and then, though, an old hen would sneak out and roost 
t>y herself at night. The next morning she would generally come 
u-ound the cook tent for breakfast. When she did, she always 
stayed to be at dinner with us. Not one ever got away. 

''Sometimes the boys could make a raid at night and find a 
::hicken house lock that could be coaxed, and the next day they'd 
bave a feast A lot of the Frenchmen got to complaining, though, 
and after a couple of companies and battalions had to come 
across with about four times as many francs as the chickens were 
worth, the guys who weren't in on the feast raised a holler. 
Chicken meat got kinda unpopular after that 

'There was a lot of racket raised about the Frenchies* rab- 
bits too. 'Belgian hares,' they called them, and every house you 
came across had a yard full of them. My, but they were fine. 
Great big fat fellows. Seeing them running around loose that 
"way with just a little low wire fence around them was too much 
for the boys, and all of a sudden the 'bunnies' began to dis- 
appear. Complaints kept coming in from the natives and an 
investigation was started. Odds and ends of bones of a familiar 
structure found hidden here and there told the story, and the 
regiment had to settle all claims forthwith. 

. "The geese were fine, too, and were the easiest marks of all, 
they being of a wandering disposition, and a fellow nearly always 
came across them out of sight of the farmhousei and in less 
time than it takes to tell it some guy would have one by the 
neck and jam him down in a sack where he stayed until the next 
stop. 

"I was at Champagne on the night of July 14th," s^d Ross, 
"when hell broke loose along the whole front Every man was 
needed and I was in the trenches with the rest of them. Nearly 
got blinded, too, with mustard gas. When the alarm came, I 
grabbed my mask, shoved the mouthpiece between my teeth so I 
could breathe through it, but forgot to cover up my eyes. I 
was blind as a bat for days, but I guess I'm pretty wdl all right 
now, though my peepers is still hurtin' me some." 

J$ J$ J$ 

Private Bertram J. Vogel, from Mobile, and Company **K,* 
was a very conscientious soldier. An officer, having forgotten 
that a sergeant was out on patrol in "No Man's Land," told 



294 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Vogel to take some rations to the non-commissioned officer. 
The order was strictly obeyed although it necessitated running 
great danger. Private Vog^ as a matter of fact, was hemmed 
in by some Germans but finally managed to escape. 

J^ J$ J$ 

PRESENTING THE FLAG, MAY, 1918 
By Chaplain £. P. Sicith 

The 167th Infantry was holding a system of trenches in 
Lorraine, on what is known as the Lun6ville-Baccarat sector. 
The headquarters of Colonel . Screws was in the little town of 
Vacquevtlle about two kilometers from the enemy outposts. 
The long winter months had passed, beautiful spring weather 
had come to make amends for the rain, mud, and snows of 
winter. One day an army truck stopped in front of Regimental 
Headquarters, leaving two long narrow boxes. These boxes 
were quickly pried open, all the office force crowding around to 
see what they contained. Out came two lovely silk flags, one 
the National emblem of Stars and Stripes, the other a beautiful 
Regimental flag with a gold eagle and the name of the regiment 
in gold, this stand of colors being a gift from the Shriners of 
Alabama, made possible by the: Shriners of Montgomery. 

The following Sunday was set apart as ''Flag Day," and 
Colonel Screws requested Chaplain E. P. Smith to arrange a 
suitable program and to present the flags to the regiment on 
behalf of the Shriners. The regiment received the flags with 
cheers that could be heard a mile, the band played the Star- 
Spangled Banner, after which the Chaplain said : 

"Meti of the Fourth Alabama, patriotic hearts back in the 
home State love you, they have sent these beautiful flag^ across 
the sea to their soldiers who are fighting for civilization and 
humanity on the fields of France. They have faith in you, 
they believe you will follow these flags to victory^ they expect 
you to carry them to the Rhine, even. to* Berlin if necessary. 
These flags will float over many battlefields in the months to 
come, many among us must die before this horrible war shall 
end, but no man from Alabama will falter, and no man among 
us will dishonor these flags. No! We must and we shall by 
deeds of bravery, merit the love and the faith reposed in us by 
the losral hearts who have given to us these flags. We of the 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 295 

31<1 Fourth' must be just as brave and just as heroic in carry- 
.-ft^ these flags to victory as the men who followed the battle 
IsLS of the Old Fourth' from Manassas to Appomattox. Let 
K^labama know by your deeds of valor that you are worthy of 
h^ir trust and the blood of heroes now flowing in your veins 
vill verify the old proverb, 'blood will tell/ Today we are a 
axiited country, our army is composed of gaen fron^ all sectiops, 
ft,T^d all the States are proud of their soldiers, but let it be the * 
loly ambition of every officer and soldier in the 'Old Fourth' 
ro make the name of his regiment second to none in honor and 
none in deeds of heroism, and Alabama citizens and Shriners 
will not have misplaced their faith in you. 

On behalf of Colonel Screws, the officers and men of the 

X67th United States Infantry, I formally present these flags to 

you as the gift from the Shriners. Now fix bayonets and hold 

-tfiem high and swear by every star in the flag that you will 

defend these colors with every ounce of strength and with every 

<irop of blood in your heart, that, God being your helper, you 

'will never dishonor it with defeat, but will carry it back to 

Alabama covered with the glory (A victory as worthy sons of 

noble sires." (Every bayonet was held high as they took upon 

themselves this solemn obligation.) The band played "Dixie/' 

and after a short prayer by the Chaplain the soldiers returned 

to duty. Two battalions being in the trenches, it was necessary 

to repeat these ceremonies upon their relief. 

^ Ji ^ 

The Advertiser man stopped a soldier and asked for a story. 
"Say, reporter, your paper is an up-to-date paper, ain't it?" 
•'Why— er — I suppose so," replied the astotmded reporter. 
"Well, if it is up-to-date enough to have a pretty young lady 
reporter it can get a story out of me." 

^ Jl Jl 

'The happiest wounded man I ever saw on the battlefield 
was a chap during the St. Mihiel drive," said Private Currie, 
of Company "F." "We had a little skirmish at a small place 
called Haumont, where we took a lot of prisoners. This boy 
had his left foot shot clear off, while his right leg from just 
below the knee was shattered and swinging lifelessly. The 
stretcher bearers were out of step and this guy commenced 



296 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

cursing them. * you, get in step there. Right, left, 

right, left' The bearers got step and the chap pulled out a 
cigarette, lighted it, and went on his way to the hospital perfectly 
happy." 

''Strange how some men 'got their Hun';" continued Currie. 
"I remember in another fight, one of our men got his death 
blow just as he was lunging forward at a German. As he fell, 
his bayonet was driven clear through the German's body, and 
the Alabamian fell on his knee, the bayonet pinning the German 
to a tree stump.** 

J$ J$ J$ 

One Fourth veteran was greeting his girl when a comrade 
said: 

"Kiss 'er. Bill !" 

"No, I better not," replied the returned one, 

"How disappointing," sighed the girL 

Jl Jl ^ 

HEADQUARTERS, 42nd DIVISION, 
American Expeditionary Forces, Germany 

April, 1919. 
General Order No. 21 -C: 

As the Rainbow Division has reached the closing days of its 
military service, the commanding general desires to recite in 
orders the salient features of the service of the 167th Infantry 
Regiment 

After an arduous training period in France and a march 
from the Vaucouleurs to the Rolampont area in severe winter 
weather, which called forth the admiration and praise of the 
French, the regiment was put into line in the Lun6ville sector 
in conjunction with French units. 

After a short period of training in this sector the 42nd Di- 
vision took over the Baccarat sector, it being the first complete 
divisional sector to be taken over by any American division. 
Through approximately 100 days the 167th held the sub-sectors 
of Grand Bois and Neuviller, and, as a portion of the division, 
helped hold the sector for a longer continuous period than any 
other American division held any sector. 

With the division the regiment waf xvithdraum from this 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 297 

sector and moved to the viemity of Chalons, where, with certain 
of its units holding the first line and with others on the second 
position, ii, as a part of the French Fourth Army under General 
Gowraud, broke the German offensive of July 15th and paved 
the way, as military experts agree, for the great Allied offensives 
which followed and finally ended the war. 

The French general, comnulnding the sector of Suippes, re- 
lated with pride for its actions and with amusement for the 
surprise of the Germans, the fact that men of this regiment, in 
the first line, when attacked hy approaching masses of the enemy, 
did not wait for the Germans to come upon them but went 
over the top and attacked the enemy in violent hand-to-hand 
fighting. A staff officer of the French general headquarters stated 
that the French had named the 167th Infantry "les Tigres** 
(the tigers), and it was probably from the fierce fighting quali- 
ties, as displayed in this action, that the name was applied. 

When the enemy's attack was stopped the regiment was with- 
drawn, and immediately thrown into the French and American 
offensive in the vicinity of Chateau-Thierry. Here it advanced 
15 kilometers, overcoming strong points whose names will go 
down to history, among which may be mentioned La Croix 
Rouge Farm and La Croix Blanche Farm. It then forced the 
crossing of the Ourcq, where, in conjunction with the 168th 
Infantry, the other regiment of the 84th Brigade, it took and 
retook Sergy and finally retained possession of it, forcing the 
enemy's retreat through sheer aggressiveness. The regiment 
was continuously under heavy shell and machine gun fire, but 
held its positions valiantly and was ever willing to go forward 
to the attack when called upon. 

After being withdrawn from the line overlooking the Vesle, 
the 167th was moved back into the Bourmont area, but had 
hardly become settled before orders came directing that it should 
proceed by night marches to take up positions for the jump-off 
in the St Mihiel attack. In this attack the division progressed 
rapidly, overcoming all resistance, and when the final objective 
had been reached the 167th organized and held its sector. A few 
days later it participated in what was one of the most successful 
raids ever executed by troops of the American Expeditionary 
Forces — ^the Haumont raid. 

The next field of action was on the American battle line in 
the Argonne. Here, in savage fighting through thick woods, this 
regiment, with the other elements of its brigade, took the Cote 



298 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



&t Chatillon, which may be considered die key of tbe 

'^Krieinhildcr SteUung/' organized and held it, and tfans 

it to be used as part of tbe line of departnre for the jvrapEz 

off in the attack of November 1st In the attack of NorcmW 

1st it supported by its fire action units of a fresh divis 

passed through the 42nd Division, and then was thrown in i j 

press the attack in thi direction of Sedan. On November &r 

when the order came for the relief of the 42nd Division in t^ 

front line, the Regiment was on the heights overlooking ^ 

Meuse River and dominating the city of Sedan. 

After the signing of the armistice it was marched int. 
Germany as part of the American Army of Occupation on ttr 
Rhine, where it remained until it was returned to the Uniier 
States. 

It is with a keen sense of satisfaction that the division cat> 
mander reviews the proud soldierly record, excellent disdpEir . 
and fighting ability of the 167th United States Infantry, tb: 
old 4th Regiment of Alabama. 

By command of Major General Flagler : 

Wm. K Hughes, Jr., Colonel, General Staff, Chief of Sta£ 
Official: James E. Thomas, Major, A. G., U. S, A^ Divisics 
Adjutant 

Jl ^ Ji 

While both were lying in a shell-hole during the Chiteatr- 
Thierry drive, with the lieutenant's arm about the sergeant; ar 
the same time the latter shaking with nervousness, a shell ex- 
ploded and blew Lieutenant Henry L. Griggs, of Montgomery, 
and Sergeant "Red" Thompson, of Hartford, out of the cavity, 
the two alighting on the ground and in the same position, wi^ 
the officer^s arm about the soldier's shoulders. 

It was a close call. At first the sergeant couldn't talk, 
though he tried very hard to do so, until finally the words came 
out of his mouth : "Vm not hurt'* 

^ ^ Jl 

Private Henry C. Wilhite, from Natural Bridge, Ala^ of 
the 167th Infantry Machine Gun Company, was never known 
to become excited. 

During the battle for Chalons, on the Champagne front July 
15, 19t8» about seven o'clock in the morning, the Huns were 
coming over pretty thick and fast Private Wilhitc's cariosity 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 299 

z>t tlie best of him, so he put his head up over the parapet, 'Ho 
^e the Bodies better," he said. 

Presently the first things to come into view were a couple 

f Oerman tanks. 'Tookl" he said, "look at those d dry 

ixk<l t»attleships coming over the hill 1" 

J$ J$ J$ 

Cook Leach, of Selma, who was a member of Company ''K,** 
lad at large audience around him as he told of his experiences. 
rie paid the highest tribute to Capt Mortimer Jordan, who was 
cilled in action. He said that Qipt. Jordan did not stay back 
i.nd order his men over, but he was always to be found in the 
Eront line, and his command was always "Lefs Go." In dis- 
cussing his beloved captain, he said that when a drive was to 
be made, Capt Jordan would tell the men to prepare for it, 
and when the time came every man would say, "I got a cootie, 
so let's go," and over they would go. He also told of the 
company calling on the widow of their deceased captain, when 
they were in Birmingham. 

Ji Ji J$ 

Lieutenant J. N. Bryan, of Company "L,** was born and 
reared at Cullman, Ala. He is an old army man, having served 
for the past twenty-one years in the army of the United States. 
He went to France several weeks before the Rainbow Division 
landed there and later was transferred to the Rainbow Di- 
vision. For some time he was an instructor in the schools of 
military in France. 

"I want to tell you that the Germans are fighters, no matter 
what anyone may say to the contrary. I have seen them stay 
by their machine guns until our men killed them with bayonets." 

Lieutenant Bryan spoke in the most complimentary manner 
of CoL William P. Screws. "He is brave. He is a fine com- 
manding officer," he said. 

J$ J$ J$ 

^Just before the armistice was signed," said one of the boys 
of Company "E," "Capt Raymond Brown came very near losing 
his life." He told how a shell struck the ground within three 
feet of the captain, but failed to explode, and buried itself in 



300 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

the ground. "Damn, that was a close one. Those Gems 
should know I haven't time to be blown to pieces now ; I've t- 
much to attend to just now/' Captain Brown is quoted as sajioc 

J$ J$ Ji 

Major W. I. Cole, of Birmingham, recalled sl statement b 
Major General Summerall, the regiment having served in Franc 
under the distinguished soldier, as follows : 

"Of all the things mentioned in the history of the Americr 
Army, the most exacting it was ever called upon to do was t 
take the Cote de Chatillon in the Argonne, the key to the 'Krics» 
hilde Stellung," or strong line of defense of the German ancr 
That the Alabamians did, and without that accomplishment th 
American Army's advance on November 1st would have bees 
utterly impossible. Of all things I have pride in, it is the he 
that I was in command of the troops who brought about thx 
wonderful feat of arms.** 

f^v t^w t^w 

Through the gruelling fights of the 167th, from Cfaatcas- 
Thierry to the victorious end, without a scratch, was the hapiir 
fortune of Private C J. Stoner, of Company "H," whose home 
is at Fort Payne, Ala. His battalion, the Second, was in support 
during July 25th and 26th, but moved up to the front after die 
First and Third battalions had been almost cleaned out in the 
attack on the La Croix Rouge farm. "We charged the morning 
of the 27th. The Germans were on one side of a hill and we oo 
the other. We advanced across the wheat field, and the Germans 
kept still until we reached the crest of the rise, and then they 
let us have it 

"Men fell on all sides, but we shot back and thus we had it 
out for nearly four days, until the Huns got enough and re- 
treated about 15 miles. The passage of the Ourcq was another 
stiff fight, where we encountered the Prussian Guards. St 
Mihiel was a snap. The Germans were not expecting an ad- 
vance for a week. We had to fight hard in the Argonne. Do 
you know, I'm mighty glad to travel in a Pullman again after 
the 'Eight horses and 40 men' cars in France. Still, I expect 
that was the best the French could do for us. At least, they 
cleaned out the cattle cars for us." 

While everybody was supposed to be having a good time 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 301 

t the trains where the men of the Fourth Alabama were de- 
-ainingf Sunday night, and groups and crowds stood talking and 
hakinc; hands as old friends met for the first time in many 
lonths, the strong voice of a lusty-lunged doughboy was sud- 
denly heard above all the chatter. He had his head stuck out 
»f a window of a car in the train of the First Battalion and set 
he crowd in a roar of laughter as he called: 

''WonH some pretty girls come over here and talk to a lone- 
ome soldier?" 

"Hey, you Nut," one of his comrades, who was outside talk- 
ng to two girls, replied, ''you can't have any luck sticking up 
there in that window. Come out where the girls are." 

$^^ ^^v 9^^ 

At Bulson, in the Sedan drive, two officers of the 167th 
United States Infantry, one of them wounded, got into a bed, 
the first for many days. Shells came in great numbers, clipping 
off the comers of buildings. 

Said the injured one, who had that morning been urged to 
%o to the hospital, "I knew I was a fool for not going to the 
hospital this morning." 

They moved out of the town to the open space. Soon the 
shelling stopped and they went back to their bed, but found it 
occupied. Lieutenant Peter Eide, from Minnesota, a Norwegian 
by birth and an officer of the regiment, had climbed into it as 
soon as the two officers had left, had fallen asleep, and had not 
been awakened by the shelling. 

•^^ f^W t^V 

Private '*Bullet" Smith, of Company "E," Decatur, went to 
see his brother, a first lieutenant of artillery, in France. The 
latter inquired of "Bullet" what branch of the service he was 
in, whereupon the private said, 'T am in the Tank Corps." The 
lieutenant was very much pleased and congratulated the private 
brother, whereupon "Bullet" said : "Yes, I am driving the water 
tank of Company *E.' " 

^^m t^V t^* 

Corporal Gary Roberts, Company "M," 167th Regiment, of 
Bay Minette, Ala., has returned from overseas service, wearing 
a D. S. C. When asked concerning this tribute of valor, Cor- 
poral Roberts immediately became dumb. "It's nothing," he 



302 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

said. ''And to be perfectly frank witii yon, we that bavc lb? 
crosses happen to be the men who were seen in some partkfi:' 
line of action on the field. Many a man in the Fotirtii Alaba= 
Regiment has returned without decoration, whose dctds 
bravery and heroism would cause my Uttle eicploit to look ms^ 
nificant" 

Corporal Gary Roberts was cited for bravery and extraac-l 
nary heroism in action at Chateau-Thierry, July 25-27. Thr^ 
times wounded in action; nevertheless he continned an attaa 
under heavy enemy fire from artillery and machine guns. 

Jit J$ J$ 

In the Chateau-Thierry drive Lieutenant Payton C. I>ees. c. 
Skipperville, Ala., in Company **G" being dangerously woundeii 
refused assistance in getting to the first aid station, ahhoi^ 
the distance to be traveled was about two miles. "Oh ! J cv 
make it,'' he said. He did, but died later. 

Jit J$ J$ 

It got the Huns "goaf' to see the American soldiers drtvisf 
the surrendered German trucks over the roads durtnsr thetisK 
the Alabamians were billeted along the Rhine. Too, the ''Sqaarc 
Heads" didn't like to be referred to as "Boches." 

f^v t^w t^V 

"A sergeant of the Fourth Prussian Guards captured on Hffl 
212 in the Chateau-Thierry drive," said Major Norris, "would not, 
at first, give his captors of Company 'M,' of Oxford, any in- 
formation. He sneered at the very idea of Americans asking 
him questions." 

"Finally," continued "the major, "he answered that in hs 
company there were 46 men left and about 20 machine guns, and 
gave some information as to the latter's emplacements." 

J$ jIt J$ 

Sergeant Frank W. Malone, of Mobile, whose last name indi- 
cates his nationality, lost none of his native wit just because he 
didn't happen to be bom on the Emerald Isle. It is rare indeed 
that a man, and especially a soldier who knows the game, can 
find any humor in war, but "Bum," as he is familiarly known, 
seems to have gotten himself in more humorous situations, and 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 303 

have seen more things from a humorist's standpoint, than any 
<loiighboy that has yet been interviewed by an Advertiser re- 
porter. The story of his most exciting experiences "over there" 
s.z'C best told in his own words, so here it is. 

He got his one and only wound in his right arm, early on 
-fhe morning of July 26, 1918, when a shell fragment searched 
Him out in his trench. **1 felt right dizzy," he said. "It seemed 
lilce the German guns were roaring in my arm instead of over on 
tlcxe other side of No Man's Land. I knew I was hit hard 
a.nd thought I was gone, and I said to myself, 'It's too late to 

px-ay now. Fm on my way to Heaven or H , I don't know 

iwhich, but I've got to do something for myself quick.' So I 

Hollered to 'Brownie,' my bunkie, and told him they'd got me and 

i2vhere was the nearest first aid station. Brownie stood up, too, 

a.nd then I cussed him out and made him sit down, because I 

mras afraid they'd get him too. So we both fell flat in the trench, 

Tne with the blood pouring out of my arm like a faucet. In a 

couple of minutes Brownie commenced cussing me, said I was 

getting his blanket all bloody, but I knew Brownie. He thought 

I was gone and was cussing me out to keep from crying. I made 

it to a first aid station, though, before the next advance, and I 

"was glad I'd got hit, when I found some 'tinned willie' a guy 

had left behind, for I was mighty near starved, and if I'd gone 

on I'd have missed that feast." 

Asked who "Brownie" was, he replied: "Brownie and me 
are 'Duck Buddies' ; have been from the first. Don't know what 
a 'Duck Buddie' is? Well, you see, if a man has some 'makin's' 
and his buddie hasn't, the buddie always gets the 'ducks'— ^he 
last half inch or so of the cigarette, I mean. Makes no difference 
how much the other guy begs, a man always saves his cigarette 
stump for his 'Duck Buddie.' That's the way Brownie and I 
always were and are yet. 

"We used to have some pretty exciting times when the 'egg 

wagons' came over. 'Egg wagons' are German aeroplanes, you 

know. They'd come over every now and then and lay an egg — 

a big high explosive bomb. Most of them went wild, but some 

others hit the mark, and when they did it was an awful mess." 

"Bum" had other reminiscences which he told at great length, 

but there was none of the horror that the world has grown so 

accustomed to. He has always seen the humorous side of life, 

^ even those day? he spent in France, and that's the reason he 

" came back looking not a day older than when he left. 



304 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Private Louis W. Phelps, from Dallas, Texas, of Corninm 
"M," near the Cote de Chatillon, Argonne drive, was searduai 
for a shell-hole in which to sleep for the night, bat was sooie^ 
what disappointed when at last he located one and could get dc 
reply from the occupant Reaching down into the hole he toudiec 
a cold hand— that of a dead German. 

That was sufficient reason for his having received no answer 
to his inquiry if he might sleep in the trench. Later he suc- 
ceeded in finding an unoccupied hole and crawled into it. 

f^V t^v ^ff^ 

Almost ''gassed" from the scent coming from his shoe, which 
in the excitement he had seized for his gas mask and placed is 
front of his nose, Sergeant Burl Haynes, from Anniston, of 
Company "M," only came to his senses when his comrades shouted 
"Pas gazi" (Not gas). The incident happened on the Lorraine 
front After that the sergeant was more cautious. 

^ ^ Jt 

Alabama soldiers of the old "Fighting Fourth" had no fear of 
Hun submarines. Such a small thing as Emperor Bill's undersea 
assassins had no terrors for them, and in particular was this true 
when they played "craps" out on the high seas. 

On the trip over in November of 1917, while the "bones** were 
rolling, the captain of the ship came up and said to the little 
crowd around the ring: "Be on the alert, boys, ready to go to 
lifeboats any minute. We have sighted a submarine.** 

The reply came back: "To hell with the submarines and the 
kaiser, too." The game continued with unabated interest 

Jl .^ ^ 

At the Croix Rouge Farm fight, in the Chiteau-Thierry drive» 
where the Alabamians of the 167th United States Infantry, under 
Colonel W. P. Screws, won for themselves and their state nndy- 
ing fame, a platoon of Company "K," under Lieutenant Royal 
Little, passed several Boches, all apparently dead. Afterward 
fire having come from their rear, the men of Alabama looked 
back and discovered one of the Huns operating a machine gun. 
He was promptly killed. 

The above story was told by Major Ravee Norris, of Birming- 
ham, to Colonel Thomas, division inspector, who was investigat- 
ing a report that the Alabamians would not take prisoners. 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 305 

l^ajor Norris, further coimnenting on this matter, said: 
**V^e took nine prisoners off Hill 212 in that fight, the ma- 
jority having been wounded. These were brought to the first- 
aid dressing station by our men, and afterward the 'Boches' were 
placed on litters by our men and by them carried to the xtear 
dressing station." 

f^9 V^* t^^ 

Just before the Alabamians attacked at the Croix Rouge Farm 
fight in the Chateau-Thierry drive on July 26, 1918, Private Gus 
£ichelberger, of Anniston, a member of Company "M," Oxford, 
iva^ killed by a shell. Sergeant Rufus Eichelberger, of the same 
company, went up, looked at his brother's lifeless* body, Wiped 
the tears away, and took a section of men "over the top." He 
"WBS promoted soon afterward to second lieutenant ar a reward. 

^^v t^v ^^^ 

Private Gus Eichelberger, of Anniston; Private Grady Coch- 
ran, of Oxford, and Private Clarence Swindle, of Birmingham, 
the morning before the Chateau-Thierry attack by the 167th 
Infantry, were standing up in front of their fox-holes talking 
when they heard a big shell coming their way. They jumped into 
a fox-hole on top of two other men, one of whom was Grady 
Jones, of Oxford 

The shell hit the side of the hole, knocked Swindle's head off, 
cnt Cochran's body half in two and also killed Eichelbeiger. 
The two men underneath were not hurt 

f^V v^* t^^ 

On the afternoon of August 'i, i918» during the Chateau- 
Thierry drive, the enemy artillery was pulling a nice bead on 
the 167th Infantry. The regiment was being relieved by the 
47th Infantry. 

Corporal Georgcf W. Burt, of Montgomery, and of the 167th*8 
machine gun company, was listening to some of the 47th's men 
tell about enemy 77's falling among the latter and not hurting 
anyone. 

"That's nothing,** said Burt; 'Mo you see that shell-hole oat 
there (at the same time pointing at one big enough to put an 
army truck in) ?" 

'^es," said the man from the other regiment 



306 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

"Weil/ continued Burt, "yesterday I was sitting here in this 
trench when a big 12-inch shell hit between me and that hole our 
there. I expected a terrible explosion, but it failed to go off. 
After a while I felt something pushing me from behind, so reach- 
ing back my hand came in contact with the big shell rooting its 
way out of the ground. Fgave it a couple of loving pats with my 
band and said, 'Bon jour, monsieur; au revoir! See you later.'" 

^ ^ ^ 

Private Sam McG>mbs, of Company *'l/L" Oxford, a long 
country boy, was put on guard in St. Maurice in the Baccarat 
sector. His post was af one end of a street. Two or three 
large shells exploded near him, whereupon, without orders, he 
changed to the other end of the street Just about that time 
another "whizzbang" went off close by, but Private McCombs 
didn't move this time. One of the officers of the guard passing 
by saw the sentinel was not where he had been originally placed. 
"What are you doing here?" he demanded of McCombs. "Wal, 
yer see, Cap'n, two uv dem big. bullets sploded down der street 
vrhert I wuz an* so I jest moved. Axradder one done hit here, 
so now I doesn't know where ter gow" 

J$ J$ J$ 

First Lieutenant Alan K. Smith, Sergeants J. T. Trainer and 
Mabry Woodall, and Corporal Floyd Hughes, all of Company 
"K," Birmingham, were in a shell-hole in the Chateau-Thierry 
drive. Lieutenant Smith and several privates, also* in the hole, 
had been wounded. No one could leave the place on account 
of the heavy shell fire. Germans were surrounding the Ala- 
bamians. Finally, two guns of the ISlst Machine Gun B^ttelion 
opened up on the enemy and the Huns fled. It was annigfaty 
dose call for the men in the shell-hole. "Cest la guerre!** 

J$ J$ 4$ 

"Ever since we entered the State of Alabama it has. been one 
grand reception. At Decatur, my home city, we walked on roses, 
and the people of Decatur and Albany joined hands and it ap- 
peared to me everyone in the two cities was present At Bir- 
mingham, we had a grand and glorious time," said Captain Ray- 
mond R. Brown, commander of Company ''E," whose home is 
Decatur. 

At Decatur, Captain Brown was joined t^ his wife, who $Ci' 
companied him to Montgomery. 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP B(X)K 307 

^Colonel Screws is one of the finest officers it has ever been 
nqr good fortune to know, and he is a fighter, too, believe me," 
said the Captain as he and his wife stepped into a taxicab at the 
Union Station Sunday night and drove to the home of friends, 
where they spent the night. 

Jt ^ jt 

One night during an air raid on the 167th'8 Supply Company 
on the Chateau-Thierry front, Sergeant Ross Deitz, "D" com- 
pany's brave supply sergeant, while trying to make his way out 
from the bombing area was kicked in the chest by an army 
mule. He thought a piece of shrapnel had hit him, and from 
then on he decided to stay in his hole, as he said bombs are less 
harmfnl than army mules. 

^ ^ Jt 

S. M. MassengiU, of Gadsden, who fought in every engage- 
ment and got a piece of shrapnel in his foot at Chateau-Thierry, 
says he wouldn't want to live in Germany on a bet, but he's got 
to hand it to them, for they sure have got some wonderful scenery 
along the Rhine. 

^The Germans where we were treated us good," he said. "But 
of course, they had to anyhow, because what we had a right to 
and they wouldn't give us, we took anyhow. The old woman 
where I stayed scrubbed the floor in my room every day. Guess 
she thought it was good policy not to tsice any chances." 

^ ^ Jl 

The night of July 25, 1918» Lieutenant-Colonel Walter £. 
Bare, of Gadsden, Ala., was in command of the advance regi- 
mental "P. C." (post of command), and Captain Mortimer H. 
Jordan, of Birmingham, Ala., operations officer of the 167th, was 
with him. Both were following closely behind the First and 
Second Battalions, which were assaulting, and were trying to 
keep in touch with the movements in a very thick wood. 

Due to the thickness of the woods a great many men became 
disconnected from their companies. Colonel Bare and Captain 
Jordan assembled them into a sort of support line. The men 
were from eight companies. 

On July 27th Colonel Bare was still in command of the ad- 
vanced "P. C" and with the Second Battalion. The battalion 
did not meet with resistance that day and advanced almost to 



308 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

the Ottroq Riyer. That nighty dne to new instmctioiis r pce ivd 
from a colonel, who gave them in the name of the geatnd oo» 
manding the division, there was a stop in its adTance tigawicf a 
enemy position across the river which the battalion had origioa|r 
been ordered to take. However, patrols were pushed f omi 
that night, but none of the enemy were found south of it. 

The next day G>lonel Bare continued in the same poatioB. 
and when the Second Battalion reached the top of the l&I 
across the stream and was there held up, he estabfished his *T. C 
in a clump of woods' alongside a tributary of the Ourcq. Tbt 
enemy planes located his position, also the Hun artillery found 
it, and sent a great many gas shells into it. G>lonel Bare finally, 
on July 31st, was aerioosly burned by mustard gas and was sot 
to the hospitaL 

J$ J$ J$ 

In the CULteatHThierry drive Laenteoant WiOett C Barrett, 
Company 'Kj," of Newport, R. L, the morning he went ''over the 
top" widi his men had a '^unch" that it was to be his last fig^ 
Turning to Lieutenant Abner Flowers, of Orarl^ Ala., he said: 
''Well, here's where I get mine. Goodbye." Ten mmntes later 
he was lolled. 

Jt ^ ^ 

The Supply Company of the Fourth Alabama had fhs honor 
of numbering among its enlisted personnel the oldest man and 
the youngest in the regiment 

Private Lamar F. Gray, of Centreville» was the younges t fil- 
ing man in the ranks. "He said he was 17,** said one of his 
bunldes, ''so we let it go at that, but honest, he didn't look it 
He's a fighting little piece of humanity, too. Went through all of 
it without a scratch. He liked the army so well that as soon 
as we got back to New York he re-enlisted" 

^^V t^w t^w 

Montgomeiy claims the distinction of furnishing the oldest 
piece of fighting material to the famous re^ment Saddler Billy 
Dunn is his name, and he has hosts of friends here who were 
with his family last night 'at the depot to welcome him home. 1 
don't know," said one of the boys who had seen Dunn every day 
for the pai^ eighteen months, "some of the fellows say he's 
about 45 and others say he's older, but anyhow he's a regular 
fighting man and his age ain't hurtin' him any." 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 309 

Private Leonard CShicld, of Company "D," 167th, is only 17 
years of age and is another "youngest man^ in the regiment 

He enlisted over two years ago at Anniston. "When we 
reached New York," he said, *'the officers tried to send ne home, 
bat I wotddn't go. I just lied about my age; told 'em I was 
eigrhteen, for I certainly wanted to get into that scrap— and I 
did. And I'm glad I was in it, too,'' he added with a smile. 

Private O'Shield was badly wounded at the battle of Chateau- 
Thien-y and was sent to the rear, but refused to be sent back 
home and remained with his*company through it alL 

Jt ^ Jt 

Flrsf Lieutenant Daniel M. Dwiggins, who is the oldest officer 
in the "Fourth," has the honor of bearing the name of his native 
town, or rather Dwiggins, Miss., has the honor of being named 
after him. His exact age still remains a mystery, but it doesn't 
really matter anyhow. His years don't a£Fect his fighting quali- 
ties any. 

He is a ringleader in handling one of the 37 millimetre guns, 
appropriately christened "Bama," which was used with telling 
effect against Hun machine gun nests and tanks in the Argonne 
fighting. The lieutenant himself helped man this wicked piece 
of ordnance on numerous occasions and in the last affair was 
seriously wounded. 

f^V t^V %^^ 

An event of more than passmg interest occurred during the 
parade of the 167th Regiment over the streets of Montgomery, 
Monday, in which Lieut Edward R. Wren was the center. 

Located on a bandstand just east of South Lawrence Street, 
on Dexter, the Auburn military band, which ha^ been rendering 
efficient service and good music, beheld the form of Lieut. Ed- 
ward Wren, of Talladega, leading his company. At once the 
music stopped and the Tiger cry "Touchdown, Auburn," rang 
out on the air, followed immediately by the band striking up that 
familiar gridiron tune. 

The point of the situation hinged around the fact that some 
years ago Lieut Wren was a familiar figure on Auburn's grid- 
irons and hundreds of times he has heard that stirring battle-cry 
with its stimulating effects. The result yesterday was sOmost 
similar— the lieutenant, who came home with a Distinguished 



310 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Service Cross, a Croix de Guerre, the Belgian Order of the 
Crown, and a handful of distinguished citations in his knapsack, 
stopped in his tracks, appeared the least bit confused, then smiled 
and continued on his journey up the avenue. 

The ''Scrapping Lieutenant," one of the bravest men of the 
regiment, K R. Wren, of Talladega, wearer of many war decora- 
tions and the idol of his men, had great things to say about 
others, but nothing ^bout himself. 

"Beyond all doubt, the men from Alabama, the plain dough- 
boys of the 167th, were widely known throughout the Allied 
armies. It was, one might say, a Icid' regiment, for we had 
mostly youngsters. They all fought like veterans — ^like 'les tigres,' 
as the French said. Their whole idea was to wade through and 
win the war quickly. I never saw a man who did not die like 



a man.'' 



jl ^ ^ 



"Shoestring^ Wren wears many honors with much modesty. 
He was like that when he was a football hero at Auburn, and 
there be those at Montgomery who now recall that Lieutenant 
£. R. Wren cared more for the game than for the reward when 
he was a boy at Starke's University School for Bo}rs in this 
city, and not so many years ago. 

Lieutenant Wren wears the Distinguished Service Cross and 
owns another decoration, the Belgian Order of the Crown, which 
he sent home to his mother. Many of his friends from home 
who were here to celebrate the return of the "Old Fourth 
Alabama," expressed regret that he did not wear the Belgian one, 
which is quite large and decorative. Few of them have seen 
that particular kind ; in fact, the D. S. C. is a novelty at Talla- 
dega as elsewhere in Alabama. 

Officers of the 167th Infantry can't tell which of the many 
exploits of the Talladega boy won him his decorations. Early in 
the game Major Carroll noticed that he had that peculiar faculty 
that is referred to as leadership, and during the training period 
he was put on a pivot, then made a corporal and soon advatnoed 
to the grade of sergeant 

When the Alabama men gained contact with the 'enemy the 
fact was soon developed that Sergeant Wren had the several 
peculiarities that go to make a real patrol leader. He had the 
faculty of understanding his orders and never losing sight of the 
mission upon which he was sent His platoon believed in him 
and was willing to follow his leadership. He is credited 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 311 

done his share in skiving the 167th Infantry its remarkable 
cord for raiding operations against the enemy. He was com- 
issioned a second lieutenant while serving as a sergeant 

Once Lieutenant Wren heard his regimental and battalion 
(¥ioers express a wish that they had a few of the German 
tia.rpshooters' plates, or snipers' shields, which are heavy steel 
l^^s with § l2?p hole throu gh w h ic h a riflema n jnay fire with 
. fles:ree of safety Vo himself. — ^^^ ^^.-.^a* .•^^w\ji*-''*'i^« e'-^i' ;tf^ 

'*I saw some of those things in a German dugout,^' said Lieu- 
enant Wren. "Let me take my patrol out and I will bring yott 
^adc a few of them." 

Ajid he did. 

There are many similar stories going about in the regiment, 
but Lieutenant "Shorty" Wren, so-called because of his six feet 
and more of length over all, refuses to tell the story. He tells 
Qkbotit what the other fellows, who ought to be decorated, did 

•^ ^ ^ 

Captain Bryant, of Cullman, told an interesting stoty about a 
fight which took place in Germany between an American soldier 
and a German prisoner. 

"An American was guarding some German prisoners one day," 
he said, "and the German had pinned to his blouse a German 
iron cross. The American wanted the cross and asked the Ger- 
man to give it to him. The German said he would not part 
with it for anything. The American discarded his rifle and in 
an attempt to take the cross away from the German a fist fight 
started between the two. Finally they were parted by other 
American soldiers, but not until the American had the iron cross 
in his possession, and he still has it as a much-prized trophy 
of the war." 

I^V f^V v^* 

Major Ravee Non-is, of Birmingham, relates this story about 
the wounding of Major John W. Carroll, of Ozark: 

"Colond Bare, on account of some information needed* in the 
Chateau-Thierry drive, was recalled to regimental headquarters, 
and I was told to tell Major Carroll, whose battalion was in 
support, to come back and assume command of the advanced 
regimental post of command. About an hour and a half after 
the major came back he was wounded by a shell that exploded 



312 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

in front of his fox-hole. The shell killed the major's ordeit 
and severely wounded another man. 

"Major Carroll and I were in a little fox-hole wide enoosl 
for two men. We were lying down side by side, the major betas 
on my left I was facing the entrance. The fragment passd 
over me and hit Major Carroll, who said: 

" 'Oh ! That got me,' but insisted he was able to walk bod 
to the dressing station. However, after we got him out of the 
hole, it was necessary to place him on a litter and aend hie 
bade The shell split a part of my wrapped leiggins, but I 
didn't notice that until the next morning. It was ni^t.'* 

j/^ J$ J$ 

Andrew Brady, of Sehna, started out with the macfaine gn 
company of the l^th Regiment on the Mexican border, and west 
to France with Captain Julien M. Strassburger. When the com- 
pany needed a cook, Brady was transferred to the kitchen. His 
age was against him as a private with the gun, as he was under 
eighteen when he went overseas. 

"Did you get in any tight places?" Brady was asked. 

"No more than any of the others," said Brady. 'T. put dovs 
the 'slum' barrage for them." 

"Were you hit at all?" 

"No. I came through without a scratch. I got a little gas 
in the Lorraine, but it didn't hurt much, and I guess everybody 
got some of it" 

But Brady's chums say that he was a conscientious cook and 
that he got the grub to the boys in the fighting and took des- 
perate chances doing it On several occasions shelb fell dose 
enough to knock him down and his kitchen was nearly shot 
away four or five times. But Brady "carried on" and the boys 
of the machine gun company say that if it hadn't been for his 
nerve they would have gone short of food many a time. 

Jl ^ ^ 

'1 would certainly love to know just how it feds to be i 
hero," exclaimed a stalwart doughboy to his companion as be ' 
swung off the troop train at the Union Station Sunday nigbt I 
"You know, we read those signs placarding Birmingham aod I 
Montgomery — ^'Welcome Alabama heroes 1' and somehow, bo7, 
it makes me feel queer." 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 313 

Private Ernest A. Hise, of Bimiingfaam, who was thus con- 
fiding^ his inmost thoughts to his boon companion, had served 
in the trenches since March 1, 1918. Through anxious days and 
sleepless nights, with bullets flying and bombs bursting, in rain 
and sunshine, this Alabama boy stuck to his post. 

He participated in the thick of the fight at Chateau-Thierry; 
he saw the blood of his comrades flow freely at the St. Mihiel 
sector; he fought and bled at the Tout sector and on the Lor- 
raine front; and he gave the best that was in him at the battle 
of Chalons. 

This Alabama boy, a member of the "Fighting Fourth,*' zeal- 
ous of the record of his regiment, ever eager to sacrifice self 
for the cause of country, has faced an experience that has given 
him a look into the great beyond. And he quietly returns to his 
native state, where his compatriots are rife with his praise, and 
wonders how it must feel to be a real hero. 

f^V t^V ^ff^ 

A bashful member of the Fourth Regiment was introduced 
to his chum's fister. He listened to her profuse compliments 
for about a minute and then excused himself. As he staggered out 
of the crowd he was seen to wipe his face with a khaki hand- 
kerchief. 

"Golly, she was pretty I A little more and Fd croaked. She 
was so nice. I wish— -drat it all, I didn't get a shave this 
morning." 

^ ^ ,11 

Quinn C Goodman, of Barber County, who served several 
months in France with Company "£/' in speaking of Colonel 
William Screws, said: "He is a fine officer, and I want to tell 
you he is not afraid of shot and shell, either." 

f^V t^v ^ff^ 

As showing the ever-present consideration Captain Mortimer 
H. Jordan, "K" Company, from Birmingham, Ala., had for others, 
which endeared him to all who knew him, the following story 
is told of the wounding which later caused his death : 

Captain Jordan was making his way up a wooded strip along 
a tributary of the Ourcq River in the Chateau-Thierry drive, 
Ju^ 29, 1918, to see Lieutenant-Colonel Walter £. Bare. The 




314 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Hans were shelling the area. One shell landed near the cajvcaia 
and he was knocked down. 

At first Captain Jordan thought he was only shell-shocked 
"Don't trouble about me," he said, "look after those -wosnM 
men out there." Finally he consented to be removed, and oa 
August 2d died in the field hospital from the effects of a seriou 

wound. 

J$ J$ J$ 

During the Chateau-Thierry drive Lieutenant Ernest E. Bel 
from Bessemer, Ala., of Company "D," came running up tc 
Lieutenant-Colonel Walter £. Bare and said: 

"I am shot all to pieces — shot in the back." 

It was very dark, so Colonel Bare ran his hand up and dowo 
the lieutenant's coat, but failed to feel any blood. Then the 
latter went back to the dressing station. There it was found 
that a hot shell splinter had entered his coat and lay up against 
his back. No harm had been done the officer. 

J$ J$ J$ 

Lieutenant Farrell D. Minor, of Beaumont, Texas, an officer 
of Company ''K," but attached to Company "I" in the Croix 
Rouge Farm fight, was shot through the head. It was thought 
to be a hopeless case, but the officer lived two months after 
receiving the wound. When he was being carried back in an 
ambulance it appeared that he wanted to say something. He 
would raise his head now and then and count, "1, 2, 3, 4." 

Ji J$ J$ 

During the first heavy shell fire on the Lorraine front, Ser- 
geant (then Corporal) Floyd Hughes, of Company "K," Bir- 
mingham, Ala., w&s sitting back against the side of a trench. 
A sergeant going along inspecting the trench asked Hughes how 
he was getting along, to which the latter replied: "Fine, but I 
was just thinking what a fool I was to let a man hold me up 
with a 32-calibre pistol back in Birmingham." 

During a gas alarm in the Lorraine sector. Cook William 
Gaffney, from Birmingham, Ala., a member of Company "K," 
put on over his face a rubber hip boot, not being able to find 
a gas mask. 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BCXDK 315 

G. S. Maddox, of Dothan, was in the same platoon with 

Sergeant Atkinson, of Montgomery, who won the Distinguished 

;rvice Cross. He says this same platoon engaged a whole Ger- 

lan battalion in the Argonne. 

Within a few minutes the Americans brought their machine 

K^iis into action, and the Germans, though outnumbering them 

overwhelmingly, retreated in disorder, leaving over 50 dead 

**Boches" behind them. 

Jl Jl Ji 

*'Most' of the boys are going back to their old jobs, they say. 
Some do not know yet what they will do,'' said a sergeant of 
Company "E.** 

"I think, however, that they will all take up their old work 
just as soon as they rest up a while and get tired of loafing. 
They want to see their kinsfolk and friends, and take a while 
off before doing anything." 

J$ J$ J$ 

"What are you fellows going to do when you are mustered 
out— go back to your same job?" an Advertiser man asked 
Quinn C. Goodman, of Bakers Hill, Barbour County, and Qifton 
Swan, of Silas, both members of Company "E." 

'1 am going back to my farm% I like farming," replied 
Goodman. 

''Me too," said Swaa ^ am going back just as soon as I 
get out." 

Goodman was a member of the first squad of drafted men 
from Barbour and Swan was one of the first volunteers from 
SHas. 

Ji Jl Jl 

Private Cole, of Madison County, a Company "E" boy, was 
known in France as the "Little Devil," so the boys say. He was 
given this name because of his titter disregard of fear. He made 
a reputation as a marksman, and there was not a man in his 
company who killed more Germans than did Private Cole, they 
say. 

Jl Jl Ji 

Corporal C. Goddard, Company "M," 167th Regiment, brought 
many souvenirs with him from Germany. Among them are a 



316 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Gennan cigarette lighter, some rings and different pieoes d 
German money. 

Gnporal Goddard is very enthusiastic over his tr^ and ex- 
pressed the opinion that every member of the rggini^Mt usai. 
G>lonel Screws very much. While talking to the Adi^gniser 
representative he mentioned something about Coloo^ Screvs' 
good qualities, and a comrade from the same car spok^ iq» wi& 
the assertion that "Colonel Screws was the best man in the 
world.** 

J$ J$ Ji 

'Tes, sn-," said H. L. Ehnore, of Dothan, who was in every 
battle, "I know I killed one German, because there didn't ha|h 
pen to be anyone else around to shoot at him right then. He 
and his pal were working a machine gun when I plugged him. 

"The bullet hit him in the left side and he keeled over and 
never moved again. I was figuring on getting the other ooe^ 
but he beat it away from there too fast"* 



J$ J$ J$ 

Sergeant Winston Moorer, Mobile, Company Tf," 167tfa~Rc^ 
ment, stated Sunday night that he had only been overseas 26 
days when he went into the battle of Chateau-Thierry. He was 
not wounded in any of the engagements, but has brought back 
with him a very interesting souvenir in the shape of a dagger 
fashioned from a piece of shell that killed his brother. Sergeaot 
Moorer said he was right near his brother when he was killed. 

While in Germany, Sergeant Moorer said that he and sooe 
of his friends went deer hunting several times. He stated that 
some parts of the forest near the Rhine had considerable game. 

J$ J$ J$ 

''No, I never got to use my bayonet, the dum suckers 
wouldn't give me a chance/' says Private M. M. Davis, of Com- 
pany "M," Atmore. ' Davis was gassed during the fighting in 
the Argonne forest, but that wasn't until after he and four of 
his comrades captured 21 German prisoners in a dugout in the 
St. Mihiel drive. 

"We spied their dugoutf in a little railroad cut," he says, 
"and proceeded to close in on them. I couldn't see but one, 
who was in the doorway, but we knew there must be more. 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BCX)K 317 

Well, we rushed 'em. They had a machine gun mounted and 
ready for business, but they never fired a shot. The guy behind 
tHe grun threw up his hands and yelled 'Kamerad/ and when he 
did there came 20 more 'Boches' out of that hole in the ground 
behind him, all with their hands over their head. 

"I thought they might try to start something, they outnum- 
bered us so, and I was wishin' they would. But they were 
scared, I think, and went along back to our lines like lambs." 

S Jt S 

That Colonel' Willian> P. Screws is the idol of his regiment, 
as well as their "ideal" of everything that a man and soldier 
should be, is a fact that is borne out by every man in his com- 
mand whose conversation never fails to include an expression 
of their love and esteem and admiration of "The Colonel." 

Here's what just a few of them say about him, which re* 
porters managed to hear in the crowd at the station on Sun- 
day night: 

Earl Bumpus, Selma, wounded by a shell fragment in the left 
shoulder during the Champagne fight : "He is sure a fine man." 

£. A. Baker, Roanoke, in every battle, but never hit : "Every- 
one loves him." 

H. A. Knowles, Mobile, in every fight but one, which happened 

when he had the "flu" : "He's a d fine colonel." 

Sergeant C. M. Williams, Birmingham, who never missed a 
battle except Chateau-Thierry, and was hit hard in the left leg 
by a shell fragment in the Champagne, July 14, 1918 : "The colo- 
nel is a dandy. He can't be beat" 

W. L. Brinson, Montgomery, in every fight except Chateau- 
Thierry, gassed in the Champagne, July 19, 1918: "The colonel 
is the finest and best man in the world." 

John Vickcry, Atmore: "Everybody loves the colonel." 
Willie McCune, Columbus, Ga., in all fights but one: "The 
colonel is sure a good man." 

Sergeant W. M. Robinson, Jasper, in every fight: "He's a 
good man and a fine colonel." 

Sergeant £. S. Campbell, Burnsville, in every fight: "The 
colonel is all right, believe me." 

John B. Jarvis, Dothan, wounded in both thighs by a German 
hand grenade at Champagne, July 15, 1918: "He's one of the 
best men there is." 



318 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



Joe Adams, Pdl Gty, hit in rig^ leg at Chatcan-Tlnczrf 
''He's sure one good man." 

F. J. Jones, Pdl City, in every fight: 'The colonel is a go < 
f cOow and a fine soldier." 

Floyd Homer, Carbon Hill, in every fight, gasse<f at Chas> 
pagne : 'Take i1 from me, he's a fine man." 

Ji Jl Ji 

Lester Coates, listed as missing in action on October 17, 19: ^ 
was later located in a German prison and is now at his hoiae 
in Grove Hill, Ala., bale and hearty. 

A recent issue of the Clarke County Democrat gives the 
following account of Private Coates' reference on the Westcn 
Front while with the Fighting Fourth: 

Lester has had a wonderful experience since enlisting as a 
lad of seventeen in what at that time was the Fourth Alabaxca 
Regiment. The Democrat on previous occasions has pafalisfac^ 
some of his experiences, as for instance the day when he, with 
three companions, took seven Boches prisoner. On this same 
day he, in company with John Lucas, another Qarke Cdonty 
boy, and twelve others, o£Fered to undertake the task of driving 
a party of Germans from a trench which they had occupied after 
the Alabama lads had been compelled to evacuate it under heaiy 
bombardment. That they made a good job of it is attested 
by the fact that seventy dead Germans were counted in the 
trench after these boys had reoccupied it Lester states that so 
intense was the excitement at the time and so fast were events 
crowding one upon another that now it all seems like a dream. 
The boy standing next to him was "bumped off" and he had ha 
helmet dented with a bullet. 

The Germans started fifteen tanks toward their lines in the 
battle of St. Mihiel, he states, and no one of them ever got 
nearer than one mile of the American lines. Lester, who be- 
longed to the intelligence corps, stated that he happoied to be 
watching one of these tanks when a fifteen-inch shell hit directly 
beneath its nose. After it had stopped tumbling, he said it lay 
very quiet during the rest of the engagement 

Lester was captured in October and spent two months in a 
German prison, but if he suffered privations while there he 
shows no signs of it now, as he is in the pink of conditioa 
After being released he was sent to a base hospital and from 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 319 

IHere transferred to the 9Ist Division, which accounts for his 
reacHing home ahead of his comrades. 

J$ J$ J$ 

It was on the Champagne front, July 15, 1918, and in the 
early morning hours of that bitter fight, that Private G. C. 
l^organ, of Pine Hill, was wounded in the neck. He was known 
im the machine gun company as "J. Pierpont/' but later the nun 
in the hospital said "he talked like a girl." 

The corporal of the gun crew ordered Morgan, when the 
latter was struck, to go to the first-aid station. At the place he 
was marked up "hospital," but he did not go, saying, "111 see the 
colonel." 

"Sir," he said to the colonel, "I have a slight wound and 
they are trying to send me to the hospital. My squad needs me, 
the gun crew is short of men, and I am needed up there." 

"All right, young man," the colonel replied, "go tell them I 
said you may stay until the battle is over." 

After that the nun didn't think a man's voice had anything 
to do with his fighting qualities. 

Having dug a»comfortable and fairly safe "fox-hole" for him- 
self during the Champagne fight, John Red Buffalo, an Indian 
from Rapid City, South Dakota, and a private in Company "M," 
was almost suffocated by having it cave in on him. Another 
soldier had "dug in" in rear of the Indian and caused the 
collapse of the latter's shelter. 

For crawling out into a wheat field during the Chateau- 
Thierry drive and attempting to rescue a wounded comrade. 
Sergeant Patrick Collins, of Company "M," gained a regimental 
citation and later a "Distinguished Service Cross," finally being 
promoted to lieutenant for his bravery. 

The machine gun bullets were flying thick and fast, but the 
sergeant crawled out there and was bringing in the wounded 
man when a bullet struck the latter and killed him instantly. 

Ji J$ J$ 

Prominent among the Montgomery men who were cited for 
special acts of gallantry was Color Sergeant Eugene Alexander, 
of the Fourth Alabama Infantry. 



320 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Sergeant Alexander, when the regiment entered the 
Thierry salient on July 26th, was a sergeant of the 
Section. His duties were strictly clerical. So, when the 
took over the front line for the assault on July 26th, he was let 
with other non-combatants with the regimental echelon, a safe 
distance behind the firing line. 

The cannon platoon of the Headquarters Company was h^^ 
cut to pieces in the fight of July 26di. On the ^th, Lientenaic 
Evant Dwiggins, the platoon commander, sent back a call for 
more men. At this time all combatants had been absorbed ii^ 
the line, and no men were available. 

Sergeant Alexander, learning the condition of afiFairs, althoagii 
a noncombatant, and by reason of his position imposed by do 
duty to enter the fight, promptly afid unselfishly volunteered to 
go forward to the cannon platoon to perform the work of a 
private as an ammunition carrier. 

With absolute disregard for personal safety, he voluntarily 
left his position with the Echelon and passed through the fire- 
swept area to the exposed position of the front line, where be 
remained on duty until the platoon was withdrawn. 

Sergeant Alexander is the son of Mr. and Mr9. Herman 
Alexander, South McDonough Street 

Jl Jl Jl 

Still suffering from mustard gas bums and with slightly de- 
fective speech caused by inhaling the acid, W. T. Brinson, Mont- 
gomery boy, was at the union station to be a witness to the 
demonstration upon the arrival of his comrades from Birming- 
ham. Brinson got leave to come to Montgomery, Sunday moni- 
ing, from the Magic City, spending the day witii home people 
His father is Robert Brinson, member of the dty detectxrc 
squad. Other relatives live in the city. 

Brinson received severe bums in one of the fiercest of the 
fights with the Germans. The mustard gas, used first by the 
Huns, will penetrate through steel, it is said, and this is the 
acid that burned Brinson. He believes he will not suffer from 
the bums. 

"Don't forget to say that members of the 167th worship 

Colonel Screws," was what the Montgomery soldier said. "All 

officers are among the best we have ever seen." He then 

named all officers of the regiment who are worshiped by the 

soldiers of Alabama. 

Jl Jl Jt 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BOOK 321 

Many of the boys of the 167th declare that before and after 
Croins^ into battle they saw very distinctly a rainbow in the 
distance ahead of them as if beckoning them forward toward 
the enemy. 

Xalmage May, of Dothan, said that on one occasion seven 
American air ships hovered over them during a battle, that these 
ships caused a large cloud of smoke to form in the shape of 
a large crown, and that through the crown appeared, in all its 
glorious colors, a large and distinct rainbow. 

The boys declare that the rainbow followed them all over the 
fields of France and to them was a token of good cheer before 
a battle, and became to be as a welcome friend after the firing 
had ceased and the smoke of battle had cleared away. 

J$ J$ J^ 

One of the first of Alabama's beloved heroes to reach Mont- 
sotnery Sunday was Chaplain Emmett P. Smith of the 167th» 
better known as the "Fighting Chaplain." '^Tell you about Colo- 
nel Screws?" he said, "Why, I could exhaust my vocabulary and. 
then never tell you half enough good things about him. A stem 
disclipinarian, a man of iron, and yet he has never lost the milk 
of human kindness, and the men adore him. 

I shall never forget the scene at the grave of the first Alabama 
soldier who died on French soiL He was a mere lad of eighteen, 
and after an illness in a French hospital, where he was carefully 
tended by Sisters of Mercy, he made the supreme sacrifice. As 
Colonel Screws stood at the head of the newly made grave, the 
tears streamed down his face, and no woman could have shown 
greater emotion, and I say that it takes a brave man to cry and 
that he was braver at this time than when leading his men. 

The French military authorities paid great homage to this 
soldier and Major-General Pau, a noted French officer, was 
present 

This young soldier was Garence J. Smith, of Ozark. A 
month later, I visited his grave, and it was banked with fresh 
flowers, and at the head was a white cross with his name, com- 
pany and the date of his death, and the inscription '^He died for 
France." The grrave is constantly tended, and no one could doubt 
the great love of the French people for these American soldiers 
who have given their all." 

And again Chaplain Smith spoke of a pathetic little incident 



122 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

of a homesick Alabama soldier who confided to him one dar 
before leaving his native state, that he was homesick and was 
going, without leave, to see his mother. "I talked to him," said 
the Chaplain, and advised him not to do that, and then, what dc 
you suppose he said, with tears rolling down his cheeks. '^'eH 
111 not go, for Colonel Screws is my father, and the regiment 
my mother, and I could not desert them, so 111 stay to the 
finish." 

And in that speech, this soldier struck the keynote of feeling 
in the regiment, for they all regard Colonel Screws as a father. 

One of the great reasons the Chaplain stated for the men 
loving the Colonel as they do, was because of the fact that there 
was never a time when even a private could not have an au- 
dience with Colonel Screws, for he never secluded himself from 
his men. 

s s s 

"He who laughs last laughs best" is an old saying, and daring 
the battle in the Champagne, Sergeant Edward Nolen, from 
Anniston, of Company "M," was the last to laugh. 

In the regiment, it is said, the sergeant was considered up 
to that time to have "weak nerves," but on this occasion he 
stood up in the heaviest kind of shell fire and laughed at the 
men who were running about from one shell-hole to another 
in their efforts to find shelter. The sergeant retained his "strong 
nerve," so the men say, until he was wounded in the crossing 
of the Ourcq River in the Chateau-Thierry drive. 

Talmage May, of Dothan, who was presented with a Dis- 
tinguished Service Cross in Montgomery, Monday, was one of 
the best marksmen in the 167th, according to a number of his 
company "pals." 

Some of the members of May's company told how May and 
six other members of his company killed 200 Germans in one 
engagement May, they said, used tWo repeating rifles, that he 
shot one rifle and held the other between his knees while some 
comrades loaded it for him. 

S S S 

With his right leg torn from his body by a German shell, 
Private Chaunccy Eagle Horn ("Big Chief), during the 
Croix Rouge Farm fight> Chateau-Thierry drive, cried out to 
his advancing comrades not to stop, and the Indian continued 
to do so until the last breath left hinu Thus died one of the 



REGIMENTAL SCRAP BCX)K 323 

kSt: -widely known soldiers of the "Rainbow*^ Division. He was 
Xndian and from Rapid City, South Dakota. 

Ji Jl Ji 

Private Rufns J. Sims, from Birmingham, of G)mpany "M," 
aemin^ly worried about the probability of a gas attack, carried 
>tli the French and the British mask. Suddenly three rockets 
ent into the air instead of the usual signal of one for a gas 
ttack, whereupon he came running out of his dugout crying: 
SVhat am I going to do now? Three kinds of gas and oply 
wo masks. All of us will be killed/' 



Corporil SIDNEY E. MANNING 



i 

I 



'^ 



r.T ' N 



APPENDIX B 

CITATIONS AND AWARDS. DEATHS AND WOUNDS 

The exploit of Corporal Sidney E. Manning, of Flomaton, 
Ala., stood out for nine months of continuous fighting as the 
most striking in the traditions of Company **G" of which he is a 
member, according to the commanding ofiBcer of the company, 
Lieut. Richard B. Kelly. The following description of the daring 
deed is contained in a letter from Lieilt Kelly to the commander 
of the Forty-Second Division, in which the corporal was recom- 
mended for a Medal of Honor: 

"Circumstances : On the morning of July 28, the second bat- 
talion of the One Hundred and Sixty-Seventh Infantry forced 
a passage of the River Ourcq on the center of the front of the 
Forty-Second DiviAion in the face of accurately placed artil- 
lery fire from guns of all calibres executed from the rear and 
frpm both flanks, and despite machine gun fire from the bald 
slopes north of the Ourcq« which dominated the river-bed and 
all creases and swales in the terrain leading to the northern 
heights of the Ourcq. 

'This battalion was under orders to seize a foothold on 
the northern heights of the Onrcq at a point between Sergy 
and the town of Nesles and exploit the successful passage of 
the river. Company "G" was in the center. The entire bat^on, 
in the face of the most violent machine gun concentrations 
from commanding positions on the steep heights above, carried 
the assault over the crest of the hill, which was taken by storm 
in hand-to-hand fighting. At this stage, about 10:30 in the 
morning, the platoon commander of the second (right) platoon 
of "G" Company, in which Platoon Corp. Manning was in com- 
mand of an automatic rifle squad, was killed and the sergeant 
in command of the platoon was severely wounded. 

'^Q Corp. Manning's squad, the automatic rifle gunner was 
killed and all but 35 men of the second platoon were either 
killed or severely wounded. Corp. Manning was himself se- 
verely wounded. He assumed command of the platoon. He 
pushed over the crest of the hill and led the platoon against 

325 



326 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

an enemy strong point which dominated the entire valley of 
the Ourcq, and was wired, entrenched and strongly defended 
with machine guns. 

"During this time he was repeatedly and again severely 
wounded. He still pushed forw: d, and though isolated and 
far in advance of the assaulting ..oops of his battalion, took a 
foothold at the strong point and remained there until all of his 
platoon except seven men had been killed or wounded and no 
member of his automatic rifle squad remained. He himself, 
at their head and encouraging the survivors by his indomitable 
resolution, had received nine wounds in all parts of his body, of 
which at least four were serious. Alone and severely wounded, 
he directed the surviving members of his platoon to return to 
the rest of their company while he covered their movement 
This was finally and successfully accomplished, during which he 
held off the enemy who were not more than 50 yards away 
through his own unassisted efforts, with his automatic rifle 
which, with the necessary ammunition, he had, while still lead- 
ing the platoon, taken from the fallen members of his automatic 
rifle squad, and, with the greatest self-sacrifice and unspeakable 
heroism, covered the return of the survivors of his fallen pla- 
toon. 

''This done, he with difficulty made his way to the crest of 
the hill, from where he was dragged to safety. 

"This exploit stands out, after nine months of constant 
fighting of this company, as the strongest of its company tradi- 
tions. 

"RiCBASD B. Kelly, 
"First Lieut., U. S. A., One Hundred and Sixty-Seventh In- 
fantry, commanding Company 'G'." 

J$ J$ Ji 

ACT FOR WHICH PRIVATE THOMAS O. NEIBOUR, 
98S9S, COMPANY "M," 167th INFANTRY. OF SUGAR 
CITY, IDAHO, WAS AWARDED THE MEDAL OF 
HONOR. 

In the attack on Cote de Chatillon, after his company had 
reached its objective, Private Neibour was sent out on patrol 
with his automatic rifle squad to enfilade enemy machine gun 
nests, and while the other members of the patrol were endeavor- 
ing to capture a few German prisoners, the enemy launched a 



CITATIONS AND AWARDS 327 

counter-attack on his company. Private Neibour jumped into a 
shell hole, setting up his automatic rifle under a hail of bullets 
from his own men, as well as from enemy machine guns. Four 
Germans rushed upon him to take him prisoner; he killed all 
four of them, continuing to operate his automatic rifle on the 
enemy, on whom he had established enfilading fire, thereby 
greatly assisting in beating off the counter-attack launched by 
the enemy. After the enemy attack had failed. Private Neibour 
advanced alone to adjacent shell holes, capturing eleven of the 
enemy at the point of his automatic pistol and taking them back 
to our lines, this act being performed by Private Neibour after 
he had been himself twice wounded. 

Jl Jl Jl 

COLOR SERGEANT GOES TO AID OF SORELY 
PRESSED DETACHMENT 

Color Sergeant Eugene Alexander, of Montgomery, is men- 
tioned as follows: 

Name, Color Sergeant Eugene Alexander; address, Mont- 
gomery, Ala.; parent, Mrs. D. Alexander (mother), Montgom- 
ery; enlisted, April 1, 1916, Machine Gun Co., Fourth Alabama 
Infantry; sailed, November 6, 1917 (with organization) ; service, 
all campaigns oif 167th Infantry; special act of gallantry. 

When the regiment entered the Chateau-Thierry salient cam- 
paign on July 26th, Sergeant Alexander was a sergeant of the 
Personnel Section. As such his duties were strictly clerical at 
regimental headquarters and he was a non-combatant Hence, 
when the regiment took over the front line for the assault of 
July 26th, Sergeant Alexander was, with other non-combatants, 
left with the regimental Echelon several kilometers back of the 
lines. The cannon platoon of the Headquarters Company was 
attached to the First and Third Battalions in the fight of July 
26th, during which all concerned were very badly cut up, the 
casualty list for some two hours of fighting approaching 1,200. 
When the Second Battalion relieved the Third on the 27th, the 
cannon platoon remained in the line, although it had suffered 
in manner similar to the troops of the First and Third. On 
the 27th, the line of the Ourcq River had been reached, following 
heavy fighting, and the cannon platoon was still in the front line. 
Casualties had cut the gun crews down to a number about neces- 
sary to operate the guns, and ammunition carriers were badly 



328 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

needed. Lieutenant Dwiggins, the platoon commander, therefore 
sent back a call for more men. At this time all combatants had 
been absorbed into the line and there were few men available 
for the required duty. 

In this situation Sergeant Alexander, although a non-combat- 
ant, and although his duty imposed on him no sort of obligation 
to enter the fight as a combatant, immediately and unselfishly 
volunteered to go forward to the cannon platoon to perform 
the work of a private as an ammunition carrier. Deliberately 
disregarding the personal danger to which he thus became ex- 
posed, he voluntarily left his place of safety with the Echelon 
and passed through the heavily fire-swept area to the exposed 
position of the front line, where he remained on the duty de- 
scribed until the platoon was withdrawn. 

George A. Glenn, 

Major, U. S. A, One Hundred and Sixty-Seventh Infantiy. 

Jl Jl Jl 

PORTER, ALA., MAN SILENCES MACHINE GUN NEST 

IN BITTER ENGAGEMENT 

Another exploit is described as follows: 

Name, Sergeant William A. King, Cannon Plafoon. Address, 
Porter, Ala. Parent, Mr. C L. King, Porter, Ala. Enlisted, 
April 16, 1916; Battery "A," Ala. Nat Guard. Sailed, Nov. 6. 
1917, with organization. Service, all battles and campaigns of 
167th Inf. Special act of gallantry: 

On July 29, 1918, our lines were in a wheat field just over 
the crest of Hill 212, near Benvardes, Chateau-Thierry salient, 
and were being swept by a murderous and destructive fire from 
enemy machine gun nests and from his light artillery, renderinfir 
occupation of this position nearly impossible and inflicting large 
casualties. In the face of this heavy fire. Sergeant King led his 
section of the one-pounder platoon from its protected position 
on the reverse slope of the hill and carried it over the ^rward 
crest and down the slope toward the enen^, setting the gun in 
position in the wheat field. Being daylight and observation per- 
fect, the section was an excellent target for enemy machine 
guns, which were immediately turned upon the position. 

In spite of the intense, sweeping fire turned upon htm. Ser- 
geant King placed his gun in position, himself observing and 
directing the fire, and using direct fire, engaged in a dud with 



QTATIONS AND AWARDS 329 

aa eatmy machine gim nest nntil the nest was silenced and all 
guns in it put ont of actioa By the acts here set forth Sergeant 
King succeeded in silencing a machine gun nest which had 
persisted in pouring into our infantry a heavy and disconcerting 
fire and had inflicted many casualties, and by. his reckless dis- 
regard of personal safety exhibited an insp^ng example of 
absolute devotion to duty under heavy fire and extreme danger. 
For these acts Sergeant King has been recommended for the 
Distinguished Service Cross. 

GbOBGB a. GLXtfN, 

liajor, U. S. A^ One Hundred and Sxty-Seventh Infantry. 

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MONTGOlyCERY MAN SPREADS DEATH AMONG 
CHARGING GERMANS WITH STOKES 

Another Atkinson, this time Seigeant Ralph M., of Mont- 
gomeiy, figures: 

Name, Sergeant Ralph M. Atkinson. Address, 914 Highland 
Avenue, Montgomery, Ala. Parent, Mrs. O. R. Adcinson 
(mother), Montgomery, Ala. Enlisted April 24, 1917, Head- 
quarters Company, One Hundred and Sixty-Seventh Infantry. 
Sailed, November 6, 1917, with organization. Service, all battles 
and campaigns of the One Hundred and Sixty-Seventh Infantiy. 
Wounds: Wounded in right knee by hi^^ explosive shell on 
July 25, 1918, m first fight of Chateau-Thierry salient 

Special Act of Gallantry : On October 14, at noon, our Second 
and Third Battalions, together with two battalions of the 168th 
from Iowa, delivered a most determined assault against the en- 
emy, who was entrenched in his strong "Kreimhil-Stellung^ posi- 
tion in the ''Cote de ChatiHon,** Argonne Forest The fighting 
was extremely severe, casualties were heavy, and the enemy 
was driven from his position in tiie direction of Landres-St 
Georges only after the most determined fighting and the most 
redcless advances against machine gun nests. 

In command of the Stokes Mortar Platoon Sergeant Atkinson 
advanced into that attack close behind the front wave, and after 
the attack had proved successful and the objective had been 
attained, found himself, with a part of his platoon, at the most 
advanced point reached by our troops. Not long after our 
troops had been in this position and before they had even started 
the work of digging in, the alarm was sounded. Coming over 



330 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

the hill out of Landres-St Georges, about 800 yards Ssixs. 
suddenly appeared about 200 of the enemy, advancing in oooai? 
attack. Our troops were confused, disorganized by the bczn 
fighting of the afternoon, and liaison was greatly disturbed b 
the tangled underbrush of the almost impenetrable forest. C^ 
troops were not in even fair position to receive a coonier 
attadc 

In this situation Sergeant Atkinson acted with alacrity asd 
cool precision. Assisted by Sergeant Talmage May, Elathas. 
Ala., and by G>rporal Austin, he placed one Stokes ia positioe. 
not taking time to dig in or to attach the barrel to the elevatsf 
stand. Crouching and placing the gun barrel between fais knees. 
he called for his assistants to load for him. They respondec 
quickly, and Atkinson, holding the barrel with his hands aad 
guiding and directing the fire by eye, soon had a downpour cf 
deadly and high explosive Stokes mortar 12-pound shells drop- 
ping and exploding among the advancing enemy. A few sw^ 
shells were enough; they couldn't face that reception and tbej 
turned in rapid retreat Atkinson coolly lifted his range and 
showered the retreating forces with his 12-pound pellets as loof 
as they were in range. 

For the work as described Atkinson was recommended for 
and has received the Distinguished Service Cross. 

Geobge a. Glenx, 
Major, U. S. A., One Hundred and Sixty-Seventh Infantry. 

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CORPORAL WALL BRAVES DEATH ON TWO TRIPS 

TO AID MATES 

Concerning Corporal Wall, the headquarters document' reads: 
Name, Corporal James L. Wall, Birmingham, Ala. Parent 
Mr. W. L. Wall, 1131 CuUom Street, Birmingham, Ala. Enlisted^ 
June 16th, Battery C, Alabama National Guard. Sailed, Novem- 
ber 6, 1917, with organization. Service, all battles of 167th In- 
fantry. 

Special act of gallantry: On October 18th our troops were 
in the Argonne forest, having four days before relieved elements 
of the First Division. Our front line was in the Bois de Ro- 
magne, a low fiat woods just opposite the Cote de Chatilloa. 
The woods lay about two kilometers in front of Hill 263, a high 
steep hill on the steep reverse slope of which the reserve battalion 



1 



aXATIONS AND AWARDS 331 

of the regiment lay sheltered. The two kilometers were con- 
tinnaUy swept with a searching and annihilating fire from enemy 
machine gnns and artillery. 

On the date named the cannon platoon was, as usual, in the 
front line with the infantry, and for four days they had lain in 
wet fox holes in the Romagne woods, being continually exposed 
to destructive fire. By reason of this tremendous fire and the 
deep sticky mud which made roads impassable for any sort of 
transportation, it was practically impossible for food, water or 
any kind of supplies to be gotten up to the troops in the forward 
areas. The men in these positions, therefore, were, after the 
two dasrs' reserve rations carried on the person had been con- 
sumed, without food and water. On the 14th these troops had 
been four days on two days' rations and matters appeared to be 
alarmingi In view of this situation, Corporal Wall volunteered 
to crawl back through the two kilometer flat and exposed area 
and bring food and water up to this platoon. Accordingly, he 
came out of his hole, laboriously made the long trip through the 
deep mud and through the continual barrage of machine gun 
and shell fire of the enemy to Hill 263, where he secured his 
heavy load of supplies, which he carried back over the same 
dangerous route to the great relief and refreshment of his 
platoon. 

GEOkOE A. Glenn, 
Major, U. S. A., One Hundred and Sixty-Seventh Infantry. 

Jl Jl Jl 

SERGEANT HUTTO DASHES INTO BATTLE WHEN 

UNDER NO OBUGATION 

Regarding Sergeant Hutto the headquarters article says : 
Name, Sergeant John B. Hutto, cannon platoon. Address, 
2231 Bessemer Boulevard, Birmingham, Ala. Parent, Mrs. Millie 

5. Hutto (same address), Birmingham, Ala. Enlisted, April 15, 
1916, Battery ''A," Alabama National Guard. Sailed, November 

6, 1917, with organization* Service, all battles and campaigns^ of 
167ih Infantry. 

Special Act of Gallantry : On July 29, 1918, our lines were in 
a wheat field just over the crest of Hill 212, north olf Bouvardes, 
France (Chateau-Thierry salient). On the afternoon of this day 
otir lines were being swept by a murderous destructive fire from 
enemy machine gun nests and from his light artillery, rendering 



332 ALABAMA'S OWK IN FRANCE 



occupation of this posttion nearly impossible «nd Inflicting many 
casualties. When Sergeant WiUiam A. King, Birmingham, Abu 
was ordered forward with his section of the J7 M. M. platoon. 
Sergeant Hutto, although his own sections and gun were with 
the Reserve Battalion and he was therefore under no obligation 
to enter the action himself, did, nererthetess, Tolunteer to accom- 
pany the crew into action, and (Ud leave his place of p rotection 
behind the steep rererse slope of Hill 212» cross the crest of 
that hill and go into action with the section of Sergeant iOng 
in the wheat field, which was then being subjected to an intense 
sweeping machine gun fire» thereby displaying great heroism 
under fire. His platoon commander, Lieutenant Dwiggins, of 
Mississippi, being wounded in another section of tbc field. Ser- 
geant Hutto made his way to that place and, together with 
Private Drysdale, Birmingham, Ala., administered first aid to the 
lieutenant, and then carried him up the hill and bdiind its re- 
verse slope to safety, all being performed while a direct target 
for enemy machine guns and under heavy fire. 

By the acts herein enumerated Sergeant Hutto manifested an 
inspiring example of unselfish disregard of personal safety and 
of devotion to his platoon commander, and for these acts he was 
recommended for the Distinguished Service Cross. 

Gbobgb a. GuEinr, 
Msgor, U. S. A., One Hundred and Sixty-Seventh Infantry. 

Jl Jl Jl 

SERGEANT ATKINSON, UNDER RAIN OF SHELLS, 
STAYS BY GUN THREE DAYS 

The headquarters oompan/s reference to Sergea n C Addnaon 
follows : 

Name, Sergeant Percy I* Atkinson, cannon platooo. Address, 
2001 Twenty-seventh Street, Birmingham, Ala. P^O'ent, Mrs. 
•Abie Atkinson, Birmingham, Ala. ^listed, June 24, 1916i Bat- 
tery "A," Alabama National Guard. Sailed, November 6, 1917. 
with organization. Service, all campaigns of regiment. Wounded : 
Gassed July 15, 1918, at defense of Chalons in Champagne. 

Special Act of Gallantry : On the night of July 15, 1918, Ser- 
geant Atkinson was a corporal of the Cannon Platoon, and was 
with a gun crew in position in the trenches in the Champagne 
sector before Chalons. These trenches were held by Third Bat- 



CITATIONS AND AWARDS 333 

talioiu Here the Forty«Seoond Dtvimon was in position in con- 
juQction with the French, and the position was a defensive one 
in anticipation of an expected offensive of the enemy in the 
direction of Rheims and Chalons. About 10.30 P. M^ on the 
tBf^ of July 14th, runners from the regimental P. C carried 
infonnation through the lines that the expected attack would 
occnr OQ the following morning at 5 A. M., that the preparatory 
bombardment of the enemy would fall at 10 minutes after mid- 
nightt and that it would be furious and destructive. The in- 
formation was absolutely correct The bombardment fell at the 
time stated and it was thoroughly furious and destructive. 
Fpencfamen who had been at Verdun told us later that they had* 
nerer seen anything more annihilating at Verdun than the fire 
whidi that night fell upon our troops in open trenches in 
Champagne. 

Sergeant Atkinson's gun position was just to one side of the 
mam road to Chalons, and French light artillery positions were 
to ooe side and in his rear proximity. This high road and these 
artillefy positions, as well as the trenches themselves, were the 
targets of the heavy shell fire which started at 12 :10 A. M., and 
which continued for three days. In all of this fire, which included 
both high explosives of all calibres and gas shells, these soldiers 
were in open trenches with no protection of dug-outs or shelter- 
proofs. Early after daylight on the morning of the 15th, it was 
reported to Sergeant William A. King, Birmingham, Ala., who 
was in command of that gun section, that Sergeant Atkinson had 
been gassed during the shell fire and that he was sick from the 
effects of the gas. Sergeant King made investigation and found 
Atidnson lying in the trench, apparentiy suffering intensely, 
'vrherenpon King ordered Atkinson to the dressing station for 
treatment. Atkinson refused to go, even when the order was 
insistentiy repeated, and remained with his gun section in its 
exposed position in the open trench through the rest of the in- 
tense artillery bombardment until the division was relieved three 
days later, when, and not until then, he received medical treat- 
ment 

George A. Glenn, 
Maj., U. S. A., 167tii Inf. 

Jl Jl Jl 

For extreme heroism in the Champagne battle, Company *'F' 
of the Alabama Regiment, under Captain Frederick L. Wyatt, of 



334 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Gadsden, was dted for the ''Croix de GaeneJ* The oScs. 
citation was as follows: 

P. C OF FIRST BATTALION OF 109TH FRENCH 

INFANTRY REGIMENT 

Major de Beancoudrey to Captain Wyatt: 

I ask that Company T,** of the 167th U. S. Infantry Regi- 
ment, be given the Croix de Guerre and mendoncd in tbe ordes 
of the 109th Regiment with the following citation: 

On the 15th of July, tmder the command of an cnei getk 
chief, Captain Wyatt, in close union with the French nnits, has 
served, in critical circumstances and under a violent booiharii- 
ment, with the finest fighting ardor, and the greatest Tahaccj, 
and has thrown back the Germans, who, though they attadccd c 
great strength, never could reach its position. Choice o&cas. 
noncommissioned officers and soldiers, who have forced tbe 
admiration of their French comrades. 

By order of Majob bk Beauooudsey. 

Lt. R. Pnttd 

July 16, 1918. 

Jl Jl Jl 

Two men of the 167th were awarded the Congressional Meda] 
of Honor; 36 the Distinguished Service Cross; 13 the Frencb 
Croix de Guerre ; 1 the Croix de Guerre with Palm and MilfUrr 
Medal ; 1 the Order of Leopold ; 1 the Order of the Crown, anc! 
1 the Military Medal, as follows: 

AWAROBD COMGRESSIOITAJL VEDAL OF HOHOR 

MANNINa. SIDNEY &, Corp., O., Flomaton, Ala. 
KBIBOUR, THOMAS a, Pvt, M., Suerar City. Idaho. 

AWARDED DI8TINOUISIIED SERVICE CROSS 

ATKINSON, RALPH, Sfft, Hq., Montgomery, Ala. 
BALDWIN, MOSES E., Corp., G., Midland City. Ala. 
BERQ, JOSEPH. Pvt, O., Mt Vernon, Wash. 
BROWN, BILU Sgt, O.. Osark. Ala. 
CHRISTBNBBRRT. CURN. Pvt. L.. Lauderville, Ala. 
COLXilNS, PATRICK. Second Lieut, El Paso, Texas. 
DA8CH. CARL W., Pvt, Hq.. Welser, Idaha 
PUKE, ART A, Pvt. H.. Dosler, Ala. 
ESPT, ROBERT, First Lieut. R. Abbeville, Ala. 
FALLAW, THOMAS, Capt. L. Opellka, Ala. 
FILLINQEM, LINNIB. Pvt, H., Victoria, AUl 



CITATIONS AND AWARDS 335 

CfrMNTRTp NORMAN, PvL, G.. Huntaville, Ala. 
CSUBBN, DONALD W., Second Lieut. Chlcagro. IlL 
: gT ATJ » VARNBR, Sgrt, D., Blrminffhanip Ala. 
:^AWIBS. 8CHAD, PvL, P., Jackson, Miss. 
»OPBR, BEN, Pvt, P., Huntsville. Ala. 
MOWB, MAX7RICB W., Capt, Pltchburs, Mass. 
:F*RBEMANp EDGAR H., Corp., D., Huntsville, Ala. 
X-.EVINSON. ABB, Pvt, G., Plttsburgrh. Pa. 
AifASS, CHARLES a, Corp., P., Selma, Ala. 
:&1ILNER, JACK W., Sgt., H, Alexander City, Ala. 
raORRISk RAVEE, Maj., Birminfirham, Ala. 
T^ARRISH, GRADY. Sfft, Q., Daleville, Ala. 
T>ITTS, WILLIAM &, Pvt, M, Anniston. Ala. 
X=tICHARDB, SAMSON, CoL, H., Montgomery, Ala. 

ZIOBERTS, CLAIR C, Second Lieut. Altoona, Ala. 

ROBERTS, GARY A., Corp., B., Hurricane, Ala. 

SBALE, MITCHELL J., S^, K.. Birmingrham, Ala. 

TE3SKE, AMOS, Corp., D., Coal Valley, Ala. 

THORNTON, ROBERO^ N., Corp.. L, Central, Ala. 

TVADSWORTH, USB A., Sgrt, G., Mulberry, Ala. 

TV ALTERS, JOHN R, Pvt. P., Attalla, Ala. 

WE ST, JAMES H, Sgrt, P., Hokes Bluff, Ala. 

WHITED. HOMER, Corp., D., Bessemer. Ala. 

"WOOD. ALTON P., Second Lieut, Boston. Ala. 

TVREN, EDWARD R, Second Lieut, Talladega. Ala. 

A'WARDBD CROIX DB GUBRRB (Frvnch IVar Cross) 

ABLES. CRAWPORD, Pvt. Gadsden. Ala. 

BURT, GEORGE W., Corp.. Montgomery. Ala. 

FAIRCHILD. LESLIE W.. Pirst Lieut. New York City. 

FBNN. OLLIE, Corp.. B.. Hartselle, Ala. 

FREEMAN. EDGAR H.. Corp.. D.. Huntsville. Ala. 

HALU VARNER, Sgrt, D.. Birmingham, Ala. 

HT7GHBS, SCOTT, Corp.. Marion. Ala. 

JOHNSTON. WILLIAM M.. Pirst liieut, Brooklyn. N. Y. 

SBITZ. a R. Sst. M. G. 

TESKB. AMOS'. Corp.. D.. Coal Valley. Ala. 

WEST. JAMES H.. Sgrt. P.. Hokes Bluff. Ala. 

WHITED. HOMER, Corp.. D.. Bessemer. Ala. 

WYNN. RUSH P.. Corp.. Montgomery. Ala. 

A'WARDBD CROIX DB GUBRRB WITH PALM AMD 

MILITARY MBDAL 

BERG. JOHN W.. Corp.. B.. Pine Barren. Pla. 

AWARDED ORDRB DB LEOPOLD 

HOWE. MAURICE W.. Capt. Pltchbur?, Mass. 



336 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

AWARDED ORDER OP THB CUOlHTTf 

WRKIi BDWARD W.. Second lAwU TalUdeffa, AUl 



BCAAfiL CBAXUBB a. Corp.* P.. Selma, Ala. 

Jl Jl Jl 

Serenty-tteren soldiers in the One Htmdred vid Sxxt7--SeveDdi 
were cited t^ the Commander-Cleneral of the "Rainbow* Diviskn. 
Those cited follow: 

AUSTIN. JOHN C, Prt. 1st oIam, Sylaoauga, Ala. 

BOWBN. JOHN A^ lioclL, AnnistOQ. Ala. 

BRBEDINO« DICK B^ Second UeuL. HoldenTiUe, Okla. 

BROWN. GLTDB, Pyt., Phoenix, Ala. 

BROWN. HARRY H.. Pvt. Salt Creek. Wyo. 

CARDILXO. LUiai. Pyt. PltUburffh. P«. 

CARTER, JOHN W.. Sgrt. PrattTlUe. Ala. 

CARTL.EDOB. GROYBR H.. Pvt. Jackaonvllle. B:^. 

COU.IN8. PATRICK. Sfft. Bl Paao. TezaaL 

COUCH. HARRY P.. Pyt. Birminffham. Ala. 

CROPPER. BEN.. Pyt. Oadaden. Ala. 

CRUSE. HENRY F.. Corp.. Huntayllle. Ala. | 

DAVID. CHARLES J.. Pyt. let class, Pensaoola. Fla. 

DISMUKES. JOHN U, Pyt. 1st class. NashyUle. Tenn. 

FAIRCHTTiP. HOXIE N.. Second Lieut. New York. N. T. 

FARRELU CECIL D., Mech.. Annlaton, Ala. I 

HARLESa, LEE D., lat Sfft. HontsvlUe. Ala. 

HARRINGTON. JAMES C. Pyt. LlneylUe. Ala. 

HODCOMBi. RALPH P.. Pyt. Ponce de Leon; Fla. 

HOWARD. JOHN M.. Pyt. Osborne, a C 

HOWE. MAURICE W.. Capt. Fitchburs. Maaa. 

HUGHES. JOSEPH H.. Sfft. Mobile, Ala. 

HUGHEa WILLIAM R.. Pvt. HuntsylUe, Ala. 

HUGHES. WILLIAM a. Pvt. Marion. Ala. 

HULLi JOHN L.. Pyt. Templeton. Ala. 

JOHNSOIT. GEORGE a. FVt 

JOLLY. ERNEST C. FVt*. Btrmlnsham, Ala. 

JORDAN. MORTIMER H.. Capt. Birminfftiam. Ala. 

KILLOUGH. JOSEPH C, Pyt. PrattvlUe. Ala. 

KHiPATRICK. JOHN J., Corp.. Luyem^ Ala. 

KING, JAMES T., Pyt, Peachtree, Ala. 

KNIGHT. WALTER, Corp., Paloa. Ala. 

LOOMIS, CHARLES W., Pyt, Alto, Mich. 

LUTEa ARTHUR. Sfft, AtUlla, Ala. 

MAAa CHARLES S.. Corp., Selma, Ala. 



CITATIONS AND AWARDS 337 

MARVia PETER H., Pvt, Moaill. Nevada. 

MAXWBLU ROY Ia, Pvt, Manhato, Minn. 

MAY, TALMADOE, BgU Dothan, Ala. 

McCain, JOHN B., Pvt, Wetumpka, Ala. 

MERRILXs JIM, Pvt, Warrior, Ala. 

MOUCHBTTE, ROBERT W., Pvt, Allcevllle, Ala. 

NEWTON, JOHN O., Pvt. Slocomb, Ala. 

NORTON, BIRQE, Corp., Albertville, Ala. 

PARKER, PRESTON P., Second Lieut, Helena Station, Ky. 

PATTERSON, WILLIAM, Pvt» Dinuner, CaL 

PILCHER, ROBERT R., CorxK, Osark, Ala. 

PITT3, WILLIAM, Pvt, 1st class, Annlston, Ala. 

RAYMOND, WILLIAM F.. Corp., Ipswick, a Dak. 

RICHARD3, SAMPSON N., Pvt« Manicopa, CaL 

SANDERSON, DAVID D.« Pvt, Butaw, Ala. 

SAUNDERS, CURTI3, Pvt, Echo, Ala. 

SCOLLICK, JOSEPH E.. Pvt, Mobile, Ala. 

SEITZ, CLYDE R, Corp., Los Angeles, CaL 

8HIPMAN, ENLOWB. Corp., HalleyviUe, Ala. 

SIMS, ALBERT,. Pvt, Chattahoochee, Fla. 

STITZ, BOB, Pvt, Attalla, Ala. 

SMART, ROY W., Pvt, Houston, Texas. 

SMITH, JOHN P., Pvt, Monteromery. Ala. 

SMITH, JOSEPH B.. Sfft, Mobile, Ala. 

SMITH, JOSEPH B., Pvt, Detroit Mich. 

STEELE, FRANK a, Pvt, Abemant Ala. 

TAYLOR, CLARENCE, Pvt, Oakman, Ala. 

THIGPEN, OTHO Y., Pvt, Greensboro, Ala. 

THOMPSON, HORACE,' Sfft, Attalla, Ala. 

THOMPSON, W. H., Sfft, Gadsden, Ala. 

TILSON, AARON A, Corp., Lead, & Dak. 

WARE, LAMAR M, Second Lieut, Marshallville, Ga. 

WBSTQATB, CHARLES B., Pvt, Fall River, Masa 

WHITMORE, CHARLES L., Pvt. Attalla, Ala. 

WHIT WORTH, THOMAS J., Sgt, Gadsden, Ala. 

WINGERSON, CARL, Second Lieut, Pittsburgr, Ala. 

WINN, ROWLAND W., Pvt, 1st class, Birmingrham, Ala. 

WITTMAN, ARTHUR G., 8^, Poley, Ala. 

WOMACK, PERCY, Pvt, McComb, Mlsa 

WORD, CLAUDE G., Pvt, Wedowee, Ala. 

WREN, EDWARD R., Second Lieut, Talladegra, Ala. 

WREN, HARMON B., Pvt, Blrminerham, Ala. 

Jl Jl Jl 



338 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

Ninety men in the One Hundred and Sixty-Seventh InfaiKiy 
were cited by their regimental commander, CoL W. P. Screws. 
as follows: 

AMMONS, THOMAS J.. Prt, Osark, Ala. 

ARANT, CHARIiBS 0.» Pvt. Selma. Ala. 

AUSTINp PAUL W., Plrat Ldeut. Toledo. Ohio. 

AUSTRBY, HENRY M., Pvt, Sunny South, Ala. 

AYRES, ORIN P.. Corp., Headland. Ala. 

BANKS. HARLEY E.. First Lieut, Columbus. Ohio. 

BARBAREE. JOHN H.. Pvt. Ist class. Dawson, Oa. 

BARE, WALTER R. Lieut -COL, Gadsden, Ala. 

BREEDING. DICK B.. Second Lieut, HoldenylUe, Okla. 

BUNKLEY, FRANK K.. Sgt, Montgomery, Ala. 

BURNS, EDWARD J., Sgt. CUntonvllle. Ala. 

BURNS. ROBERT A.. Capt, Alabama City, Ala. 

CARROLU JOHN W., Major, Oxark, Ala 

CHAMPION, JAMES. Mech.. Munford, Ala. 

CLEMENTS. JOHN H.. Pvt, Opelika, Ala 

COBB, ALTO, Pvt, Dothan, Ala 

COLE, JAMES L.. First Lieut, West Hartford, Conn. 

COLE. WILLIAM L, Capt, Birmingham, Ala 

CONVTLLB. DAVID H.. Mech.. Sylacauga Ala. 

COX. WILLIAM C Sgt, Elmore. Ala 

CRBNSJIAW, CLARENCE W.. Pvt, Leroy. Ala. 

CROSBY, JOHN B., Corp., Smlthvllle, Ga 

DAVIS, JOHN P., 1st Sgt, Freeport N. Y. 

DAVIS. TOM W.. Pvt, 1st class. Headland. Ala. 

EDWARDS, ELMER L., Pvt, Indianapolis. Ind. 

ELLIOTT, HARVEY LEE. Sgt. Aberdeen, La 

EWING, JOHN I*, Corp., Gardendale, Ala 

FALDUTO. ANTONIO, Pvt. Ist claaa Bamesboro, Penn. 

FALLIN, FOY W., Pvt, Montgomery, Ala 

GAMBLE. SHELBY V., Capt, Lamar, CoL 

GOFF, HANSEL M., Bugler, Ozark, Ala. 

HALL, ROSS. Pvt, Chapman. Ala 

HAMIL. EARL. Pvt. Yasoo City. Mlsa 

HARVILLB. BRAXTON B., Corp., Johns, Ala. 

HOLLOWELL, LUTHER V., Corp., Bessemer, Ala. 

HOUSTON, NEWELL a. Pvt. Statesvllle, Ala 

HOWARD, CULLEN. Pvt, Gardendale, Ala 

HUGHES. FLOYD. Pvt, Bmbry. Mlsa 

JOHNSON. WILLIAM W., First Lieut, Brooklyn. N. Y. 

JORDAN. MORTIMER H.. Capt, Birmingham. Ala 

KELSO. DAN., Pvt, Pigeon Creek, Ala 

KING, FRED L., Sgt. Bessemer, Ala 

KNIGHT, WALTER. Sgt, Bessemer, Ala 

LIGHTSEY, FRED H., Corp., Chlldersburg, Ala 



CITATIONS AND AWARDS 339 

XJLBWBLLTN, DAVE.* Prt, DlamondTllleb Wya 
luiONG, WnXJAM W., Capt, Blrmlnffliam. Ala. 
J-^O VB, PRSSLEY R, Sst. Blrmlnerham, Ala. 
ILfOWB, OSCAR H., Pvt, Sacramento, CaL 
T^Vna, PAUIi A, Pvt, East Chattanooga, Tenn. 
X^TNN, JOHN T., Pvt, Brewton. Ala. 
2CARVIS, PETER H., Pvt, let class, McOill, Nevada. 
IbCATHIS, JOHN, Pvt, Ist class, Dora. Ala. 
IhfATTHBWS. HERBERT D., Pvt, let class, Whlttier, Ala. 
BfiAY, HERBERT B., Capt, Montgomery, Ala. 
BCcAFEE, FREDERICK W., Capt, Detroit Mich. 
BCcCOXTRRT, THOMAS A., Sfft, Annlston, Ala. 
SCcDADE, JOSEPH W., Pvt, Montgomery, Ala. 
IMcFAIXS, HARRY P., Pvt, Hollins, Va. 
BfCcOEE, JESSE O., Pvt, Enterprise, Alai 
^CELASTKEY, EMANUEL^ First Lieut, Pittsburffh, Pa. 
IbCILSTEAD, JOHN H., Pvt, 1st class, RiderviUe, Ala. 
SfELSTEAD, RUSSELI4 Pvt, 1st class, Calora, Ala. 
MOURNING, OEOROE R, Capt, Montgomery, Ala. 
NIBLiET, DAIIj F., 1st Sgt, Kellyton, Ala. 
irCJOENT, LANEY E., Pvt, Columbus, Oa. 

PARKER, EDWARD B.» Sgt, Wedowee, Ala. 

PITTS, JAMES F., Pvt, Barfleld, Ala. 

POWELL^ JOHN H.. First Ldeut, Opellka, Ala. 

RHODES, ALiBERT A, Mech., Sylacauga, Ala. 

RICHARDS, SAMPSON, Pvt, Ist class, Maricopa, CaL 

RITSSELX% WALTER F., Mech., Anniston, Ala. 

SAMPSON, WILLIAMS P., Pvt, Rapid City, a D. 

SANDERSON, DAVID D., Pvt, Eutaw, Ala. 

8HORTNACY, LEE, Mech., Anniston, Ala. 

SLEDGE, THOMAS P., Pvt, Ponce de Leon, Fla. 

SMITH, DALLAS R, Major, Opelika, Ala. 

SMITH, JOHN M, Capt, Montgomery, Ala. 

STRASSBURGER, LEO M., Capt, Montgomery, Ala. 

SYKES, LESLIE R, Pvt, 1st class, Columbus, Misa 

THOMPSON, HERMAN W., Capt, Alexander City, Ala. 

TRAINOR, JAMES T., Sgt, Walthall, Misa 

TUCKER, JOE, Pvt, Selma, Ala. 

WATSON, DAVE. Ist Sgt, Eufaula, Ala. 

WATTS, JOHN W., Major, Montgomery, Ala. 

WESSON, A6NER R., First Lieut. Kansas City, Mo. 

W^STGATE, CHARLES E., Pvt, 1st class. Fall River, Mass. 

WILLIAMS. GEORGE. Pvt, Wilsonville. Ala. 

WOOD. WILEY H., Corp., Tallassee, Ala. 

WORD, CLAUDE G., Sgt, Wedowee, Ala. 
YARBROUGH, CUMBY, Pvt, DadeviUe, Ala. 



APPENDIX C 

COMPLETE ROSTER 

ORIGINAL REGIMENT AS It LEFT ALABAMA, INCLUDING CORPS OFFICB8S 

ADDED AT CAMP MILLS 

167th Regiment (4tli Alabama) Infantry 



Regimental Staff and Fidd Officers 

Colimel WILIilAM P. SCRS!W8» 10 8. Ooldthwaite St., Montsomeryi Ali^ 

Iiteiit-Colon«l WAJLTER B. BARB, 721 Walnut St. Gadsden, Ala. 

Major HARTIiBY A. MOOlf, 1701 14tli Aye., &, Birmingrliani, Ala. 

Major DALI4A8 BL SMITH* O»ollka» Alabama. 

Major JOHH W. CASUBIOU^ Ozark, Alabama. 

CaptalM ROBERT JOBRG, JR^ 6t0 Broad St, Columbus, Georgia. 

1st lilcot. HERBERT B. MAT, Montgromery, Alabama. 

1st litettt. JOHN H. POWEIX, Opellka, Alabama. 

Snd LJeat. JAMES Jm COIJS* 8C2 FarminKton Aye^ West Hartford, Codb. 

Medical Corps 

Major JOHN W, WATTS, Birmlngliam, Alabama. 

OaptalB ROBERT A. BlTRIfS* Alabama City, Alabama. 

Captala JAMES Y. HAMTI<, Troy, Alabama 

Captala ISHAM KfMBBIJ» Auburn, Alabama. 

Captala WILLIAM "W. LONG, Birmingham, Alabama. 

Osytala WILLIAM M. PETERS, OenterriUa, Alabama. 

1st Llevt. EMMETT P. SMITH, Auburn, Alabama. 

1st Lieut. ALBERT G^ SIMS, Talladega, Alabama. 

1st LIcvt. D.C MALCOLM G. DABVET* BlrmlnfiTbam, Alabcona. 

1st Lieut. D.C.U.SJEU LUTHER C WUITIjOCK, Lake City. South CaroUiM> 

let Lieut. II.CU.S.1L WILLIAM A. €AJLTBRT, Plttsburgrh, PennsylTani^ 

Sad Lieut. GEORGE P. SPANVr, AutauflraviUe, Alabama. 

ARANT, WINSTON, Prt., Mt Creek, Alabama. 

BAXLBY. GROVER, Pvt., Dothan, Alabama. 

BBA8LET, EUGENE T., Pvt., Birmlnsrham, Alabama. 

BRUCE, ODUS, Pvt., Attalla, Alabama. 

BUNNBN, LOUIS, Pvt., Schenectady, New York. 

BURNS, LAWSON, Pvt, Piedmont, Alabama. 

BUSBY, MI LTON , Pvt, Plttsview, Alabama. 

CALHOUN, CURTIS T., Pvt, Grove HllL Alabama 

CARTER, HARRY U, Pvt, Albany, Alabama. 

CARR, OSCAR J., Pvt, Moulton, Alabama. 

CHISM. LEON T., Pvt, North Port, Alabama. 

COWUNG, ALEX B., Pyt, Benton, Alabama. 

340 



COMPLETE ROSTER 341 

>UKS], WnUB, Pvt, Prltchard, AlalMuna. 

OTJiTS, JBSSB E., Prt, Marbury, Alabama. 

3RKB8T, OJESOROB F.. Pvt, Benton, Alabama. 

^ORBBSL WILLIAM C. Pvt. 2820 HighkBind Ave., Birmlngrham, Alabama. 

•HDRWOOD, FRANK P., Pvt. Ist claiw, Monroeville, Alabama. 

rRAi^KENBEROBR, IRVIN, Pvt.« Birmingham, Alabama. 

i*RBEMAN. OTIS C. Pvt., Phoenix, Alabama. 

i^ULXJNQTON, IiAWRENCB T., Pvt, Qadaden, Alabama. 

GOODRICH, CHARLiBS &, SgTt, Birminsrham, Alabama. 

IAU4 CXtAUDE K, Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 

LAMTCT» EARL Q., Pvt, R.F.D. Na 2, Box 14» Tasoo City, MisslBsippi. 

lAJOU WAYMAN R, Pvt, Qrlffln, Qeorsla. 

ITTJ^ ERSEIIN R., Pvt, lat class, Blrmingrbam, Alabama. 

lORNSBT, JOSEPH JL, Pvt, 808 B. Powell St, Dothan, Alabama. 

.tANOFORD, HENRY L., Pvt, 941 Adams St, Montffomevyp Alabama. 

^EB» BISHOP M., Pvt, 701 8d Ave., N. Birmlnsrham, Alabama. 

jKQSLESY, MELVIN, Pvt, Green Station, Alabama. 

X>WE, PAUli A, Pvt, RF.D. No. 8, Box 29. E. Chattanoogra, Tennessee. 

icDAIJEi JOE W., Pvt, 419 S. Jackson St, Montgromery, Alabama. 

TELiSON, LOUIS, Pvt, 1080 W. 14th St, Birmingrham, Alabama. 

NORWOOD, ONUS, Pvt, Leoma, Tennessee. 

>TWEXJU JOSEPH IC, Sst, 1st class, 2320 17th St, Ensley, Alabama. 

'ARKER, WILUAM O., Sgrt, New Castle, Alabama. 

'EAK, JAKES C, Pvt, Montgromery, Alabama. 

'HXLLIPS, HARRY, Pvt, Alabama City, Alabama. 

>RniTT, WALTER, Pvt, 2607 15th St, Ensley, Alabama. 

IICHARD, LESLIE J.. Pvt, 858 S. Qeorsla Ave.. Mobile, Alabama. 

LAUNDERS* CABELL C, Pvt, 1st class, Birmingrham, Alabama. 

JHERMAN, CLARENCE W., Pvt, 612 Jetferson St, Montgromery, Ala. 

;iM8, EDWARD C, Pvt, Jemlson, Alabama. 

lYKESL LESLIE B., Pvt, Ist class, Blrmingrham, Alabama. 

TAN ALLBR, GODFREY H., Pvt, 210 a Broad St, Mobile, Alabama. 

BARREN. MORRELL a, Pvt, Tallassee, Alabama. 

VHITT, ERNEST T., Pvt, 1st class, Alabama City, Alabama. 



Headquarters Company 



JOHN W, WALDROJT. 8 St Nicholas Terrace, New York City. 
.St Lieot. WILLIAM L COLE, Birmingham, Alabama. 
Jit Llcsrt. HERMAN A, LOREBTZ, Washingrton Ave., Meriden, Conn. 
Mt Lift. DANIEL M. D'WIGOINS, Drew, MississippL 
Id Llevt. FRANK B. OTTE, R Nortfaville, Massacbusetta 
td Llevt. BEN MOORE, Birmingham, Alabama. 
^GERTON, SILAS, Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 
ILLBY, LOUIS B., Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 
^.TCHISON, DAN J., Pvt, Maplesville, Alabama. 
^THANASAW, FEMMIE, Pvt, Tampa, Florida. 

IlTKINSON, PERCY L, Pvt, 2001 27th St, Blrmlngrham. Alabama. 
iTKINSOK, RALPH, Sgt, 814 California St. Camden, Alabama. 
iUSTIN; JOHN a, Pvt, Sylacangra, Alabama. 

3ACHMAN, WILLIAM L, Pvt, 4202 Sycamore St, Birmingham, Alabama. 
3AILEY, FOREST. Pvt, Sycamore, Alabama. 
3ARKSDALE. ELTON L, Pvt, Athens, Alabama. 
BEA8LEY, CHARLES B., Sgrt, Osark, Alabama. 
BECKER, JOSEPH, Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 
BELI4 CHARLES A., Pvt, Range, Alabama. 



342 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

BENTIjBT, HOlfBR J., Musician 2d class. Phoenix City. ADtbama. 

BBNNBTT, GBORGE F., Pvt, 2116 N, 6th Ave.. Birmingham. Alabama 

BBRGWAIjL, CARU Pvt. Willinerton, Alabama. 

BBRGWALJ^ RAGLAND W.. Pvt. Montbdrry. Georgia. 

BIDEZ. PAUL* R., Band Leader. Auburn, Alabama. 

BITTLE. JOHNNIE. Prt., Annlston. Alabama. 

BIXLER, HENRY E., Pvt, Bay Minette, Alabama. 

BLACKWOOD, BEN G., Pvt. Gadsden, Alabama. 

BLANKENSHIP. EUGENE, 408 N. 24th St, Blrmlngrham. Alabama. 

BOHANNAN, WILLIAM H.. Pvt, Mobile, AUu 

BREWER, CHARLES M, Pvt, Florence^ Alabama. 

BRITT, JOHN M. Musician 8d class, Eufaula, Alabama. 

BROCK, JAMES A., Pvt, Sylacaugra, Alabama. 

BROWN, ARTHUR C, Pvt. 209 44th St, Fairfield, Alabama. 

BRUCE, ROBERT D., Pvt, Wellington, Alabama. 

BRUCE. ROY, Pvt, Clanton, Alabama. 

BUCHANNON, FREDERICK H., Sylacauga, Alabama. 

BURRBLLi ARTHUR C, Pvt, Alexander, Alabama. 

CAREY, CLINTON W., Pvt, CenterviUe. Alabama. 

CARROLL, WILLIE, Pvt, Sycamore, Alabama. 

CARTER, AXiLEN M., Pvt, Marlon, Alabama. 

CARTLEDGE, GRAVES, Pvt, Jacksonville, Alabama. 

CARTWRIQHT, CHIPLEY, Pvt, Jay, Alabama. 

CHAMBERS, WILLIAM B., 1100 12th St, Ave. North, Birmingham, Ala 

CLARK, JEWELL M., Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 

CLARK, HOMER N., Musician, 8d class, 8118 4th Ave., Columbua» OeorgU i 

COCHRAN, OSCAR, Pvt, Alabama City, Alabama. 

COGBURN, FRANK, Corp., Notasluga, Alabama. 

CORLEY, JOHN R. Pvt, Whistler, Alabama. 

COURTNEY, HUGH E., Pvt, CenterviUe, Alabama. 

COVIN, CHARLES V., Pvt, Oakman, Alabama. 

COX, CLARENCE W., Pvt, 927 S. 18th St, Birmingham, Alabama. 

COX, HARVEY H., Pvt, Fairfield, Alabama. 

CRAWSON, WILLIAM, Pvt, Calera, Alabama. 

CROPPER BEN, Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 

CROSBY, CLARENCE, Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 

CROSTHWAITE, MARION G., Musician, 8d class, Birmingham. Alabama. 

CULURIS, APOSTAL, Cook, Montgomery, Alabama. 

DANIELS, LeROY, Pvt, Lanet, Alabama. 

DAVIS, ARCHIE B., Pvt, R.F.D. Oxford, Alabama. 

DAVIS, CHARLES J., Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 

DAVIS, HOMER A-, Pvt, Eufaula. Alabama. 

DAVIS, JOE A-, Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 

DEAN, GEORGE D., Musician, 8d class, Anton, Alabama. 

DEES. MACE, Pvt, 738 Bell St. Montgomery, Alabama. 

DICKINSON, STERLING L., Pvt, Hurtsboro. Alabama. 

DODD, ARNOLD W., Pvt, Eastern and O'Donnell St, Mobile, Alabama 

DRYSDALE, GEORGE, Pvt, Pratt City, Alabama. 

DUNSON. WALKER. Pvt, Canoe, Alabama. 

DUNSON, HENRY, Pvt, Canoe. Alabama. 

DWYBR. ROBERT D., Musician, 8d class. Butte, Montana. 

EDDINGS, BAILEY C, Pvt, Piper, Alabama. 

ELLENBURG, ROSS W,. Pvt, Montevallo. Alabama. 

ELLIOTT, HOWARD C, Bn. Sgt -Major. Opellka, Alabama. 

LLIOTT, LUTHER D., Cook, Mobile, Alabama. 

BOIONS: JESSE, Pvt, Flomaton, Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 343 

EMMAL, THOMAS M., Pvt, 2612 Ave. H, Bnsley. Alabama. 

FARR, JAMBS H., Musician. 8d class, 2101 Ist Ave., Columbus, Oeorgria. 

FERGUSON, ARYBU Pvt, Anniston, Ala. 

FOSTER, WARE, Musician, 8d class, 612 Randolph St, Montgomery, AUu 

FOX, JEROME A., Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

FOXWORTH, CHARLES K, Pvt, 1115 Selma Ave., Selma, Alabama. 

FULCHER, FRANK F., Pvt. Enterprise. Alabama. 

GARDNER, JOHN H., Pvt, Talladega, Alabama. 

OLESS, HARVEY, Pvt, MaplesvlUe, Alabama. 

OLENN. EDWARD H., Pvt, 2500 William Ave., Anniston, Alabama. 

GOLDEN, ROSS L., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

GOODMAN, WILLIAM O., Pvt, Eclectic, Alabama. 

GOREE, HARPER, Pvt, Opellka, Alabama. 

GOTHARD, BENNETT W., Pvt, Randolph, Alabama. 

GUY. RALPH, Pvt, Mulberry St, Montgomery, Alabama. 

HARMON, JOHN a, Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

HARVEY, WALTER, Pvt, Alabama City, Alabama. 

HAYDEN, WILLIAM W., Corp.. HuntsviUe, Alabama. 

HAYNIE, CHARLES R.. Pvt, Jacksonville, Alabama. 

HEATH, LUTHER Z., Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

HBNDRICK, JIM W., Pvt, Jacksonville, Florida. 

HENDRICK, HORACE E., Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

HENSLBY, FRANK C, Pvt, Sheffield, Alabama. 

HIGDON, FRANK, Pvt, Evergreen, Alabama. 

HILLh HUGH H., Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 

HILL^ JOHN R, Musician, 2d class. East Lake, Alabama. 

HINTON. GRAHAM S., Pvt, Carrolton, Alabama 

HINTON, HAYES R. Pvt, Carrolton, Alabama. 

HOLDERFIELD, TOMMY G., Pvt, Fairfield, Alabama 

HOLDERITCH, BEN, Pvt, Eoline, Alabama. 

HOLLIDAY, CLAUDE A., Reg. Sgt -Major, 902 S. Decatur St, Montgomery. 

HOLLOW AY, DAVID, Musician, 8d class, Lanett, Alabama. 

HOLMES, HENRY G., Pvt, 707 1st St, Birmingham, Alabama. 

HOLSENBACK, FLOYD, Pvt, Anniston, Alabama. 

HOWARD, EMMET, Pvt, Acmar, Alabama. 

HOWELL, FRANK L., Mechanic, 1107 2nd Ave., Birmingham, Alabama* 

HUBBARD, HENRY, Pvt, Grandville, Georgia. 

HUGHES, WILLIAM R, HuntsviUe, Alabama. 

HUNT, ALFRED M., Pvt, 812 Woodland Ave., Birmingham, Alabama. 

HITTTO. JOHN R, Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama 

HUTTON. GEO RGE, Pvt, Spring Hill, Alabama. 

JARRETT, MANUEL, Pvt, Ensley, Alabama. 

JTELLISON, JOHN R. Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama 

JSKKINS, PERCY, Pvt, 828 Dexter Ave., Montgomery, Alabama. 

JOHNSON, CLAUD T.. Pvt, Cullman, Alabama. 

JOHNSON, HOWARD M., Musician, 8d class, Girard, Alabama.' 

JONSS, CHAS. C, Pvt, Centerville, Alabama. 

JONfiS, EDGAR M, 6n. Sgt -Major, Bufton. Alabama. 

JONES. HENRY E., Pvt, Centerville, Alabama. 

JONEie, RICHARD A., Pvt, Centerville, Alabama. 

JONE8* SIDNEY, Pvt, Blocton, Alabama. 

KEXSNibR, WILL J., Pvt, Sylacauga, Alabama. 

KBIXtBT, DUKE, Pvt, Evergreen, Alabama. 

KSHLXiET, LEON C, Band Corp., Alabama City, Alabama. 

KBNNBDY, PAUL A., Color Sgt, Gadsden, Alabama. 

IdNO, WILLIAM A., Pvt., Porter, Alabama. 



344 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

LiES, CBCHi H., Pyt, Butaw, Alabama. 

L.BNBT, SAMUEL &» Pyt, 2001 E. Broad St» Richmond, Virginia 

LEVBNS, CARL T., Pvt, 69% Oovernment St, Mobile. Alabama 

tiWWlS, JOSEPH Li., Sgrt* Gadsden* Alabama 

LEWIS, THOMAS M., Pvt« Florence, Alabama. 

LINK, JAMES J., Prt, South Plttsburgr, Tennessee. 

LONGSHORE, WILLIAM Q^ Prt, 86 S. Goldthwaite SL. Montgomery, A! 

McCARTT, EVERETT, Prt, Anniston, Alabama. 

McCOMBES, ANDREW, Prt, O'Hatchie, Alabama 

McCONNELI^ WILLIAM F., Pvt, 1008 14th SL, Birmingham. Alabama. 

McCOOU ROLAND, Pvt, Blocton, Alabama 

McCORD, CHARLES B., Musician, 1st class, Birmlngrham, Alabama 

McGRAW, ROBERT R, Mess SsU 15 Herron St., Montsomer7» Ala. 

McINNIS, ERNEST. Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 

McINTYRE, TOLLIE EL, Pvt, Chilton, Alabama 

McPHBRSON, SCOTT, Musician, 8d classy McKensle, Alabama 

MABRY, OLLT B., Pvt, BirminfiTham, Alabama 

MADDOG, EFFORD, Pvt, Boas, Alabama 

MADDOX, SIDNEY, Pvt, Dothan, Alabama 

MARTIN, FRANK M., Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 

MARTIN, HORACE, Pvt, Nashville, Tennessea 

MARTIN, JOHN T., Pvt, FayetteviUe, Alabama. 

MARTIN, MBLVIN, Pvt, R.F.D. 8, Munford, Alabama 

MAYFIELD, HUGH, Pvt, Sycamore, Alabama 

MAYFIELD, JASPER, Pvt, Talladeffa. Alabama. 

MBEKS, GEORGE A., Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama. 

MERRITT, CHARLES, Pvt, 8 S. Summerswortli, Alabama City. Al 

MILLER, HENRY, Pvt, Mobile, Alabama 

MILLER, WILLIAM H., Pvt, Carbon Hill, Alabama 

MIZZELLB, CLIFTON, Pvt, Sylacaugra, Alabama 

MONK, JAMES D., Sgrt, Eufaula. Alabama 

MORRISON, OLLIB. Pvt, Anniston, Alabama 

MULLIN, WILLIAM M., Musician, 8d clasa Bessemer, Alabama. 

MUNGAUU DOUGLAS, Pvt, Pell City, Alabama 

NEWELI% JOHN T., Pvt, Samson, Alabama 

NORWOOD, DATID, Sgrt,' Birmingham, Alabama 

NUNN, MITCHELL, Color Sgt, Birmingrham, Alabama 

ODIORNB, CHARLES. Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama 

O'REAR, CLIDE, Pvt, Montgromery, Alabama 

O'RBAR, RALPH. Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama 

O'SHIELDS, LEONARD, Pvt, Anniston, Alabama 

PARNELL, LEIGHTON C. Pvt, Maplesvill/. Alabama. 

PATTERSON, WILLIAM C, Sgrt. Fresno. California 

PATTON, JOB J., Pvt, Battles Wharf, Alabama 

PATTON, ROBERT K, Pvt, Kaulton, Alabama. 

PATTON, WILLIE J., Pvt. Battles Whart Alabama 

PEEK, JOB. Pvt. Talladegra, Alabama 

PIPPIN. ROBERT R, Sgrt, Ozark, Alabama. 

PITTS, WILLIE, Pvt, Piper. Alabama 

POWELU JOSEPH M. Cook, Cedartown, Georgria 

PRESCOTT, THOMAS L, Corp., Bnsley, Alabama 

PUGH, ARCHIE C, Pvt, Wylam, Alabama 

RABBLAIS, LEO Ia, Cook, Birmingrham, Alabama. 

RAGSDALE, CHARLTON. Sfft. Birmingrham, Alabama 

RAMSER. DOZIER B.. Pvt. Eufaula. Alabama 

RAPPAPORT. EUGENE. Pvt. Birmingrham. Alabama 



] 



COMPLETE ROSTER 345 

RAT, WHBELBR R, PrL, Pratt City. Alabama. 

RBYNOLiDB, RUBIFY U, pTt.» Birmingham. AUbama. 

ROBBRTSto GUT H., Pvt, Clanton« Alabama. 

ROBESRT80N, JOHN B.« Muiician, Sd olasa* MontfiTomery, Alabama. 

ROSS, FRSD. Bn. Sfft-Major, 8001 Bxeter Ave., Bessemer, Alabama. 

8ALTSR. GBORGB H., Pyt, Sklnnerton. Alabama. 

8CARBROtrOH« ABB, Band Corjk, Chocolocco, Alabama. 

SCHSI^ HARRT H., Band Sfft, Jacksonville. Alabama. 

SCHSLI^ HBRSCHELXi IC, Band Sfft, Jacksonville^ Alabama. 

SCOTT, HOI4LIS R., Pvt, Gadaden, Alabama^ 

SEIGAU CHARLES, Ist Sfft.* Birmlnffbam, Alabama. 

SHAWBR, EUGBNB, Pvt, Talladega, Alabama. 

SHEICDOHi JOHN a, Cori>.. 121S Ave. F, Bnsley, Alabama. 

SHKPPARD, JOHN, Pvt, Anniston, Alabama. 

SHIBKLING, HBNZO, Pvt, Talladega, Alabama. 

BHTRAH, BUiAS* Appletree St, Dothan, Alabama. 

SHOULTJa, BUS H, Pvt, Lawley, Alabama 

SMITH, ANTHONT A^ Pvt, Birmlnffbam, Alabama. 

SMITH, AVERT R. S., Pvt, MaplesviUe. Alabama. 

SMITH, CLAUD, Pvt, Florence, Alabama 

SM ITH, HENRT A^ Pvt, Munfovd, Alabama. 

SM ITH, JAMES M., Pvt, West Blocton, Alabama. 

SMITH, RICH ARD a. Supply Sst, Atlanta, Georgia. 

SMITH, WTTJiTAM, Pvt, Talladesa, Alabama. 

SMlTMJfiRMAN, THOMAS J., Pvt, MaplesviUe. Alabama. 

SNYDIfiR, CHARLES, Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 

STEPHENS, DEB, Prt, Newton, Alabama. 

SUTHBR, WILXIAM B., Pvt, CenterviUe, Alabama. 

TATLOR, FRANCIS M, Band Corp., Auburn, Alabama. 

TATLOR. OWEN K, Pvt, Pratt City, Alabama. 

TEAU RUSSELL A., Pvt, MaplesviUe. Alabama. 

THOMAS. GORDON M, Pvt, Renfroe, Alabama. 

THOMAS, OTIS L., Pvt, Sycamore, Alabama. 

THOMPSON, EMMBRSON, Pvt, Calvert Alabama. 

THOMPSON, OSCAR M, Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 

THOMPSON; WILLIE H., Corp., Gadsden, Alabama. 

TTLLMON, MONT, Musician, Id class, Glrard, Alabama. 

TOOEI^ WILLIAM D., Pvt, Blue Mountain City, Alabama 

TUCKER, PERCT R., Pvt, Heigrhbergrer, Alabama. 

TUOKJfiR, WESLET O., Pvt, MaplesviUe, Alabama. 

TUGGLB;, GREELET W., Pvt, Short Creek, Alabama. 

VAUGHN, JAMES F., Pvt, MobUe. Alabama. 

VICEIERS, RICHARD C, Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 

VICKERT, JOHN W., Pvt, Atmore. Alabama. 

WALDBIf, JOHN H., Pvt, Alabama City, Alabama. 

WAUU DOVE, Sfft, Osark, Alabama 

WALLACE, CLAUDE J., Pvt, Randolph, Alabama. 

WALLS^ JAMES L., Pvt, Birmingrham, Alabama. 

WELLER, CHARLES K., Pvt. Talladegra, Alabama. 

WEST, LEE A., Pvt, Uniontown, Alabama. 

WHITE, OSCAR, Pvt, CHatchie, AUbama. 

WHJUAMSt DAVID L., Muaioian, 1st class, Birmlnsrham, Alabama. 

WILSON, RUEL H., Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 

WINGARD, Dies:, Pvt, Eclectic, Alabama. 

WOLF, JOSEPH J., Pvt, lOS Mildred St, Montffomery. Alabama. 

WOOD, dJLUD W., Pvt, Florence, Alabama. 



346 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

WORLBY, JOHN W., Sgt. Decatur. Alabama. 
WRIGHT, EUOBNE, Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 
YARBROUGH, JAMES L., Pvt, DadevIUe. Alabama. 
YBATES, THOlf B8 IC. Musician. 8d daaa, Gadaden, Alab a miu 
YOUNG, EDWARD, Pvt, Florence, Alabama. 

Machine Oun Company 

Captalm NEWMAIT SMITH, Montgromery, Alabama. 

lat litettt. JFVLIBN M. STRASSBITRGBR, 111 Clajton St., Montgomerr. 

Alabama. 
Imt lilevt. CHARIiBS "W. VABTDBRVORT, Carizo Sprlngrs. Texas. 
24 I^levt. HARRY PORTBR, Oak Park, Montgomery, Alabama. 
2d Llevt. OSCAR CRBNSHA'W, Montgomery, Alabama. 
Sd lilevt. UVINGSTON PARSONS, 86 E. 6l8t St. New York City. 
2d litest. CHARIiBS P. CAROnLE, Landon Hotel, San Angelo. Tezaa 
ALEXANDER, EUGENE, Sgt, 407 SL McDonough St, Montgomery. A!i. 
ALFORD, JAMES R., Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 
AMOS, DEWEY, Pvt, Abertville, Alabama. 
BARFIELD, RICHARD &, Prt, Annieton, Alabama. 
BARR, SAM, Corp., Arlington Ave., Bessemer, Alabama. 
BATES, SIDNEY H., Pvt, Putnam, Alabama. 
BICE, LAWSON, Pvt, Anniston, Alabama. 
BOONE, HERMAN, Pvt, Selma, Alabama* 
BOWLiIN, RUSSELIi, Pvt, Ashville, Alabama. 
BOYD, BBVIE L., Pvt, Albert ville, Alabama. 
BRADY. ANDREW J., Pvt, Potters Station, Alabama. 
BRIGHAM, PAUIf G., Ist Sgt, Rupert St, Springrfleld, Maasachuaetta 
BROACH, FRANKLIN, Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 
BRODIE, JOHN E., Pvt, Searlght, Alabama. 
BROWN, COLEY. Pvt, Clanton, Alabamn^ 

BROWN, LEON M, Pvt, 2206 11th Ave. N., Birmingham, Alabama. 
BROWN. MAX, Pvt, RF.D. 2, McKenzie, Alabama. 
BURGESS, CHESTER, Pvt, Edwardsville, Alabama. 
BURKETT, WILLIAM H., Pvt, Pansey, Alabama. 
BURGER. LEWIS A, Pvt, 631 Eliza Ava, Birmingham, Alabama. 
BURT, GEORGE W., Corp., 122 N. McDonough St, Montgomery, Ala 
CAMP, JOHN S., Sgt. Sligo, Alabama. 
CAMPBELL, AMBY, Pvt, AlbertvlUe, Alabama. 
CLARK, CHARLES J., Pvt, Allcevllle, Alabama. 
CLARK, FRANKLIN A., Pvt, Route A, Andalusia, Alabama. 
CLAYTON, CLAYTON C, Pvt, Dawson, Alabama. 
COKER, CHARLIE, Pvt. 66 Kyle Ave., Alabama City, Alabama. 
COLLINS, JAMES &, Pvt, Opelika, AUbama. 
COX. JOE. Pvt, Uriah, Alabama, 
CRENSHAW, ED, Pvt. Georgiana. Alabama. 
CULVER, JESSE G., Pvt, RF.D. 8, Ashford, Alabama. 
DAVIS, FITZHUGH L., Pvt, Chunchula. Alabama. 
DAVIS, FRANK S., Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 
DAWSEY, AUBREY, Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 
DEBS, MARION F., Pvt, Mathews Station, Alabama. 
DBLOIT, ELLIS R, Pvt, Deatville, Alabama. J i ^ / • 

DICKSON, MALCOLM P., Pvt, Thomaston, Alabama, 
DICKSON, GROVER Y.. Pvt, Thomaston, Alabama. 
DICKSON. EDDIE G., Pvt. AlbertvlUe. Alabama, 



COMPLETE ROSTER 347. 

DIGHON, ESLIB W., Prt, Treemanvllle, Alabama. 

DOBBS, RU88EIJU Prt, R.F.D. 1, Mapleavllle, Alabama. 

DOOLiBY, CLtATB IC, Corpu, Boas, Alabama. 

DUFF, WILXJAM D., Pvt, 2116 Oak Ave., Birminsham, Alabama. 

DUNN, ALBERT, Pvt, Uriah, Alabama. 

DUNN, DAVID a, Pvt, Uriah, Alabama. 

DUPREE, IRMA D., Sfft, Shady Qrove, Alabama. 

DURHAM, 8AMUEL1 A., Pvt, Fort Payne. Alabama. 

EAKENS, AUBREY L., Corp., 201 84th St, Ensley. Alabama. 

ELLIOTT. JAMES H.* Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

FALLIN. FAY W., Pvt, R.F.D. 8, Montgromery, Alabama. 

FARMER, JAMES D., Pvt, New Decatur, Alabama. 

FORD, WALTER K, Pvt, Sprotta, Alabama. 

FOSTER, WALTER K, Pvt, Brasffs. Alabama. 

FREE, ISAAC N., Pvt, Lanette, Alabama. 

OAY, MARGIE, Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 

GAYNOR, LEO H., Pvt, Jackson, Alabama. 

GIBSON, DAN H., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

GILLILAND, MAC; Pvt, Equal! tu, Alabama. 

GORDON , MIT CHELL C, Pvt, GlenvlUe, Alabama. 

GREEN, WILLIAM C, Pvt, Huntsville, Alabama. 

GRIFFIN, TRAVIS, Pvt, Dutton. Alabama. 

HANKSte HENRY, Pvt, Atmore, Alabajna. 

HARRIS, DUNCAN D., Pvt, Glenwood, Alabama. 

HARRISON, GLADDEN, JR, Sert, 117 Madison Ave., Montgromery, Ala. 

HART, LEWIS E., Pvt, Camden, Alabama. 

HASSEY, WESLEY L., Pvt, 6 Clayton Park, Montgomery, Alabama. 

HEILPERJ, BERT H., Pvt, 286 Jeff Davis Ave., Montgomery, Alabama. 

HESNDRIX, JAMES E., Corp., Roy, Alabama. 

HIGDON, EUGENE, Pvt, Repton, Alabama. 

HILL^ DAVE, Pvt, Holt, Alabama. 

HOLDER, LEE, Pvt, Uriah, Alabama. 

HO USTO N, NEWEUU Pvt, StatesvlUe, Alabama. 

HOWELI4 WILLIAM D., Pvt, Geneva, Alabama. 

HUDSON, JOHN, Pvt, Chapman, Alabama. 

HUOHE^ HUBBARD K, Pvt, Marlon, Alabama. 

HUGHES* WALTER, Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 

HUGHES, WILLIAM SL, Pvt, Marlon, Alabama. 

HUGULEY, JAMES W., Pvt, 2808 Ave. G., Bessemer, Alabama. 

HUNT, JOY, Pvt, Quln« Alabama. 

KING, JAMES E., Pvt, Opp, Alabama. 

KISSINGER, JOSEPH F., Pvt, 287 Riley St, Gadsden, Alabama. 

KNIGHTBN, JOHN H., Pvt, Townellen, MlsslsslppL 

LAMBERT, GRAY, Sgt. Lascar, Alabama. 

LANGHAM, JOHN S., Pvt, Route A, Atmore, Alabama. 

LEDBETTER, RUBIN F., Pvt, Route 1, Mathews Station, Alabama. 

LEE, THERMAN K, Pvt, Route 8, Midland City, Alabama. 

LEE, DAVID a, Corp., RF.D. 8, Midland City, Alabama. 

T«TCE, THEODORE, Pvt, Route 8, Midland City, Alabama. 

LINDSAY, JAMES W., Pvt, Glenvllle, Georgia. 

LLOYD, LEE ROY, Pvt, 1468 W. Church St, Jacksonville, Florida. 

LOBBLU WILLIAM H., Pvt, 1928 Alois Ave., Birmingham, Alabama. 

MALCOMB, JAMES M., Corp., Andalusia, Alabama. 

MANCIL^ JAMES H., Pvt, Foshee, Alabama. 

MATHERS; CHARLES S., Pvt, Jackson, Alabama. 

MATTHIEU, GEORGE B., Pvt, 1419 80th St, Ensley, Alabama. 



348 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

McANDRBW, HBRMAN E., Prt., Panzsixtawn7t Fennsylvaaia. 
McCIiOUD» CLINT, Pvt, Wallace, Alabama. 
HcDONALiD, JA MBS U, Pvt, DeFnniak 8prlit& Florida. 
McBLHANT, BOWBN J^ Stable Sfft., Atmore, Alabama. 
McBLHANT, WOODY Jm, Prt, Atmore, Alabama. 
McKINLBT, I8HAN C. Corp., Tunnel Springs, Alabama* 
MBGGIN80N, BDWARD, Pvt, TbomasvlUe, Alabama. 
MONSKYp SOLU Bgt, 21» 8. HuU St., Montgomery, Alabama. 
MORGAN, GROVBR C Pvt., Pine Hill, Alabama. 
MORRIS, JACK, Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 
MORRISL ROT, Prt, M a 12tli St^ Qadaden, Alabama. 
NICHOLS, HARRY, Pvt, AlbertviUe, Alabama. 
NICHOLS, WALTER R, Corp., Union and Jeff Davis, Selina. 
NICHOLS, WILLIAM GL, Pvt., Selma, Alabama. 
OWEN, ARTHUR D., Corp., Bay Minette^ Alabama. 
PARKER, CALVIN D., Pvt, Lanette, Alabama. 

PIECHOWSKI, SIDNEY, Pvt, lOU St Emanuel St, Mobile. Alabama. 
PIERCE, GEORGE D., Pvt, Opp, Alabama. 
PITTMAN, ARTHUR G., Corp., Polin, Alabama. 
PLEDGER, HUEY^ Pvt, Pelham, Alabama. 
PRICE, BRYANT, Pvt, R.F.D. 2, McKensie, Alabama 
PUCKETT, JOHN T., Pvt, Carrolton, Alabama 
PUCKETT, WILLIAM C, Pvt, R.F.D. 2, Opelika, Alabama 
RACHEI4 JAMES, Pvt. R.F.D. 2, New Brookton, Alabama 
RAINEY, BmU Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama 
RAY, JAMES H., Pvt, AlbertviUe, Alabama 
RHODES, RUSSELL F. A., Pvt, Opp, Alabama 

SCOXXJCK, JOSEPH E., Pvt, 165 S. Royal St, Mobile. Alabama 
SHAW, NATHANIEL M., Pvt, 106 Tribley Ava. Pratt City, Alabama 
SHINES, EMMETT, Pvt, Opp, Alabama 
SIMS, ARTHUR W., Mess Sfft, Montgomery, Alabama 
SKINNER, JOHN H., Pvt, 2226 84th Ave. N., Blrmingrham. Alabama 
SLAUGHTER, MACON R., Pvt, Lttverne, Alabama 
SMALLEY. CLEVELAND L., Pvt, Mobile, Alabama 
SMITH, JOHN F., Pvt. 1311 a Court St, Montgomery, Alabama 
SNELL, ARTHUR J., Pvt, Opp, Alabama 

SORKIN, GEORGE, Pvt, 1222 Harmon St, Milwaukee, Wisconaln. 
SPENCER, LUCIEN, Pvt, 1708 2d Ave., Bessemer, Alabama 
SPARKS, MOSE R, Pvt, Union Grove, Alabama 
STEPHENS, JAMES D., Pvt, R.F.D. 1, AlbertviUa Alabama 
STEWART, OSCAR, Pvt, Opp, Alabama 
STOKES, LEE, Pvt, Slocomb, Alabama 
STORY, ELMORE J., Sfft, Auburn, Alabama 
STORY, WALTER C, Sfirt, Auburn, Alabama 
STOWERS, JOSEPH H., Bgt, Mathews Station, Alabama 
STRICKLAND, ROY P., Pvt, Surffiner, Alabama 
TENNIMON, JAMES F., Corp., 1819 Rangre St, Selma Alabama. 
TOTHBROW, CHARUB, Pvt, AlbertviUe, Alabama 
TUCKER, ROBERT M., Pvt, Albertvllla Alabama 
TUGGLE, JOSEPH G., Pvt, Birminerbam, Alabama 
VAUGHAN, WILLIAM P., Pvt, Polin, Alabama 
VERNON, LEWIS E., Corp., Clanton, Alabama 
WALDROP, PERRY, Pvt, 1401 Mulberry Ave., Anniston, Alabama 
WALKER, JAMES H., Pvt, 1101 Birch Ave., Blrmingrham. Alabama 
WALKER, MUTHEY D., Pvt, 480 Extra Ave.. Bessemer, Alabama 
ITALLACB. VICTOR D., Pvt, Sprotta Alabama 



COMPLETE ROSTER 349 

WATSON, JAMBS Gk, Pvt, Section, AlabftmcL 

WBBB» BRNBST, Prt., Sbottsboro, Alabama. , 

WBSTMORBIaAND, JAMBS D., Pvt.. Center, Alabama. 

WHITMORE, CHARIiBSS D., Pvt« Attalla, Alabama. 

WILHITB, HBNRY C, Prt, Natural Bridere, Alabama. 

WIIiLJAMaL BDWARD A., Supplr Sfft, Masonic Home, Montgomery, Ala. 

WHJjIAMS. BRNBST, Prt, Dosier. Alabama. 

WIU90N, JO0BPH T., Pvt, 2416 €th Aiire. N., Blrmlngrham. Alabama. 

WINN, ROLAND W., Prt, IBll N. 19tb St. Birmtnfirbam, Alabama. 

WOIiCOTT, BDWARD H., PYt, Mobile, Alabama. 

WOODHAM, WnXIAM X, Pvt. Sanford, Alabama. 

WYNN, RUSH P.. Pvt, 1208 Madison Ave., Montgomery, Alabama. 

ZANBR, SAM, Pvt, 181 F St, Annlston. Alabama. 

ZIMMBRMAN, HORAOB J., Sgt, Burnsvllle, Alabama. 



Supply Ccmpcmy 



Oapt. JOHN ■• SBOT^ 424 & Hull St, Montgomery, Alabama. 

Llcvt. JOSBPH M. DICKBRSON* Montgomery, Alabama. 

Limt. ROCOBR B. 'WTCLIinDt Austin, Texas. 

ANDRADB, ALBBRT, Pvt« Mobile, Alabama. 

ANTI^BT, ASA. Pvt, Webb, Alabama. 

AYANT, WILLIAM F., Wag., SkippervtUe, Alabama. 

BAXLST, HOWARD 11, Pvt, Florals, Alabama. 

BATEISk MOSB8 B., Pvt, LaGftrange, Georgia. 

BATSON, JAMES H., Pvt, Sylacauga, Alabama. 

BEILJU FRBID, Pvt, Hopewell, Alabama 

BLACKMAN, NOONIB, Pvt. Mobile, Alabama. 

BOATRIGHT, JOHN, Pvt, Florence, Alabama. 

BRASSBLU C M., Wag., 768 Herron St, Montgomery. Alabama. 

BRIQHTWBLIv T. C, Wag., Asbnrn, Alabama. 

BRISCOB, ARTHUR, Pvt, CullmaH, Alabama. 

BROOKS; SAMUBL C, Wag., Fort Necessity, Louisiana. 

BRCWDBR, TIM J., Pvt, 748 Felder St, Montgomery, Alabama. 

BRO^WN, DAYB B., Pvt, care Southern Hotel, Blrminghskm, Alabama. 

BROWN, BD, Pvt, Alexander City, Alabama. 

BXTLXOCK, GHARLIB, Pvt, Gordon, Alabama. 

BULXOGK, C D.« Pvt, 280 Bufaula St, Bufaula, A.labama. 

BURT, GBLARLBS W., Pvt, 604 Boyce St, Montgomery, Alabama. 

BDSBT, JBSSIB, Pvt, Calera, AlabanuL 

GALDW^LU FRBD, Pvt, Talladega, Alabama. 

GALIiOWAT, OLIVBR, Wag., Sylacanga, Alabama. 

GHTLDS. BBRNICB, Pvt, Harford, AlabanuL 

GHRONISk JOHN A., Pvt, Prlchard, Alabama. 

CX.ANTON, 6AMT7EU Pvt, Cloverdale, Alabama. 

CXJCPTON, ONIB R, Pvt, Bnsley, Alabama. 

CSOUESMAH HBRMAN, Pvt, Bnterprise, Alabama. 

CONDRT. ALONZO, Pvt, Arlton, Alabama 

OOKDRT, DANIBU Pvtt Arlton, Alabama. 

CRAWFORD, ANGUS, Pvt, Osark, Alabama. 

CRtnSB, MULKBT D., Wag., Plantersville, Alabama. 

DANDRIDGB, CURRY, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 

DAVIS, JOSBPH R, Pvt, Highland, Home, Alabama. 

DA'W. DBNBLBT, Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 

DeMOUT, BDWARD, Pvt, 185 Shell Road. Mobile, Alabama. 



350 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

DEAN, JOHN B., Pvt. Mt Meigs., Alabama. 
DEMENT, LEVON, Prt 10& Pearl St, Blrminffham, Alabama. 
DENT, GEORGE H., Sfft., 207 Barber St, Bufaula, Alabama, 
DOLIVE. DILLON &, Prt, Mobile, AUbama. 
DUNN, WILLIAM, Waff., Montfiromery, Alabama, 
EDIN8, JAMES Li., Pvt, Oxmore, Alabama. 

EUBANKS, EUGENE, Waff., 127 Rembert Ave.. Macon. Georsia. 
FINLEY, LONNIE A., Pvt, Jasper, Alabama. 
FLEMING, ALBERT, Pvt, Star Route, Geneva County, Alabama. 
FOSHEE, SIE, Saddler, Montgomery, Alabama. 
FULLER, IRA, Pvt, R.F.D. 6, Dothan, Alabama. 

6ALATAS, JULES J., Wag., 1264 & Court St, Montgomery. Ala^bama. 
GARY, JOHN, Pvt, R.F.D. 6, Clan ton, Alabama. 
GLASS, TAYLOR, Pvt, RF.D. 8, Tallaasee, Alabama. 
GLOVER. TOM, Pvt, Brookslde, Alabama. 
GRAY, LAMAR E., Pvt, Brent, Alabama. 
HAYGOOD, DOUGLAS D., Wag., Montgomery, Alabama. 
HENDERSON, OLLIE, Wag.. Luverne, Alabamcu 
HERRING, JOHN C, Wag., Gadsden. Alabama. 
HERRINGTON, CHARLIE, Pvt, RF.D. 6, Dothan, Alabama. 
HERRINGTON, HENRY, Pvt. Dothan. Alabama. 
HEUSTE8S, ARTHUR, Wag., Montgomery, Alabama. 
HINES, CLARENCE, Pvt, New Brockton* Alabama. 
HITT, ROPICE L, Pvt, Cuba, Alabama. 

HOGAN, PAUL J., Sgt, 614 South Holt St, Montgomery, Alabama. 
HOLLAND, ELI, Pvt, 400 Cherry St, Dothan. Alabama. 
HOUSTON, JOE M, Wag., Garland, Alabama. 
HUGHES, IROY, Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
HULSEY, FRANK X*., Wag., Annlston, Alabama. 
JACKSON, CURRY, Wag., Bessemer, Alabama. 
JOINER, LOUIS A., Pvt, RF.D. 1, Ashford, Alabama. 
JONES, BOYD, Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 
JONES, CHARLIE, Pvt, Cragford, Alabama. 
JONES, JAMES H., Pvt, RF.D. 2, Chandles Springs, Alabama. 
JONES, JOE E., Pvt, Harpersville, Alabama. 
JONES, WILL A., Pvt, Calera, Alabama. 
JONES, WILLIAM N., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

KAHN, Nathan M., Sgt, 1025 S. Perry St, Montgomery. Alabama. 
KEITH, FRANK T., Pvt, Gants Quarry, Alabama. 
KELLY, JOHN P., Pvt, Talladega, Alabama. 
KELLY, WILLIAM A., Pvt, Talladega, Alabama. 
KINSAW. TALMAGE, Pvt. Hartford. Alabama. 

KIRKLAND, DAN R. Pvt, RF.D. €, Box 18 H. Birmingham, Alabama 
LAWRENCE, LOYT A., Pvt. Vernon, Alabama. 
LEWIS, FRANK A., Pvt, Tallassee, Alabama. 
LITTLE, GEORGE E., Wag., Alabama City. Alabama. 
Mccormick, ELDRIDGE, Pvt, Goshen, Alabama. 
McCULLOUGH, J. C, Pvt, Pell City. Alabama. 
McCULLOUGH. L L, Corp., Pell City, Alabama. 
McMAHAN, WIIiLIAM C, Wag., Heflin, Alabama, 
MALASANOS, JOHN R, Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 
MARTIN. JACK. Pvt, Cutter, New Mexico. 
MARTIN, PAUL. Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. - 
MAY, ALBERT W.. Pvt, Greensboro, Alabama. 
MITCHELL, ROBERT A. Pvt. Florence, Alabama. 
^OSELEY, JOHN, Pvt. Hartford, Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 351 

IfURPHY, WILLIAM N., Pvt» Camden, Alabama. 

MURRSXJjb Q. OLIVER, Wagr.> Montgomery, Alabama. 

NABOR8 JASPER H., Pvt, 816 17th St, Calera, AUbama. 

NEUERT, PHIL. Sgt., Capital Helshts, Montgromery, Alabama. 

NEVILLE, JAMBS, Waff., Fayette, Alabama. 

PADOET, WALTER, Pvt, Williams, South Carolina. 

PATTERSON, JAMBS U. Pvt, Talladega, Alabama 

PEAaLER, JOHN, Pvt. Mobile, Alabama. 

PILGREEN, IRA, Pvt, Calera, Alabama. 

POWELU THOMAS, Pvt, Opi>, Alabama. . 

PRICE, EDGAR W., Pvt, AlbertviUe. Alabama. 

RANSHAW, JAMES, Pvt, Harjerville, Alabama. 

RILEY, BOTCB, Pvt, Dreway, Alabama. 

RINGLESTEIN, HOMER, Pvt, Florence, Alabama. 

ROGERS, CHARLES L., Pvt, Cltronelle, Alabama. 

SEARCY, HARVY, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 

SHARP, WILLIE O., Ha, 100 Buford St, Montgomery, Alabama. 

8HINHOLSTER, FLOYD, Pvt, Gordon, Alabama. 

SHINHOLSTER, LOUIS, Pvt, Gordon, Alabama. 

SIMPSON, JOSEPH M., Wag., Mobile Road, Montgomery, Alabama. 

SMITH, ANDREW, Pvt, Cottonwood, Alabama. 

STOKES, ROY, Pvt, Coffee SpringSb Alabama. 

STONE, WILLIAM F., Pvt, Kilpatrlck, Alabama. 

8TOUGH, JAMES, Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 

STRANGE, SAMUEL R, Pvt, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 

SUDDUTH, CHARLES R., Pvt, 1025 N. 28th St, Birmingham, Alabama. 

rUGGS, MONROE, Pvt, 211 & Noble St, Anniston, Alabama. 

SUTTON, GEORGE &, Pvt, Bangor, Alabama. 

TALLENT, ROY L., 6807 10th Ave., Birmingham, Alabama. 

TAYLOR, JAMES, Wag., 813 Clay St, Montgomery, Alabama. 

TAYLOR, WILLIAM C, Pvt, R.F.D. 8, Dothan, Alabama. 

TEMPLE, PETER E., Sgt, Chlsholm, Montgomery, Alabama. 

THAJCTON, CHARLIE!, Pvt, Carrolton, Alabama. 

THOMPSON, CLAUD, Pvt, Russelville, Alabama. 

THOMPSON, OSCAR J., Wag., Montgomery, Alabama. 

THORNTON, LESLIE, Pvt, Jasper, Alabama. 

TILLiB^ BEN, Pvt, Headland, Alabama. 

WAX^KER, LOUIS A., CltronviUe, Alabama. 

WEAVER, LASCA, Wag., Lineville, Alabama. 

WEBB, CECHs Pvt, Columbia, Alabama. 

WELiCH, HOWARD, Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 

WESSON, LUKE, Sgt, Alexander City, Alabama. 

WHITE, T. RAY, Wag., Danville, Alabama. 

WIOGS, GRADY L., Wag., Gadsden, Alabama. 

WILKINSON. OSCAR, Pvt, Columbia, Alabama. 

wnJSON. HARBERT, Pvt, New Brockton, Alabama. 

WYNN, HENRY, Wag., Phoenix City, Alabama. 

YBATMAN, ROY O., Wag., 1405 Constantine Ave., Anniston, Alabama. 

Company A 

Cmwitdm FLBTCHBR ID. HALEY, Navasala, Texaa 

Imt lliMt EDGAR A. COLLINS, 113 Virginia Ave.. Montgomery, Alabama. 

1st Lieut. LEWIS R, MORGAN* CornettavlUe, Kentucky. 

24 LleiM. Robert !¥. SMITH, Montgomery, Alabama. 

2a lAemU THOMAS F. BURKE, 180 Claremont Ave., New York City. 



352 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

M UmmL BDWABD JL nTZHVOH, 7S4 misworth Ayec. Richmond HOI. 

Loner Island, N«w Tork. 
M Urat. mCK B. BBBBDIM Gk HoldenviUep Oklahoma. 
AJULBN, JOHN O., Prt, Bufaula. Alabama 

ANDRBWSb ROBERT C. Pvt.. 17 Morgan Are.. Montgromerr. Alabama 
ARMSTROMQ* CUCIU Prt., Clanton, Alabama. 
BALDWIN, FUFAS A.« Prt., Roanoke, Alabama. 
BARBOR. DANIBLb Pvt« Coden, Alabama. 
BARFIBLD, WILLIB^ Pvt, Mount Ublon, Alabama. 
BARFIBLD, CfHARLBS A.. Prt., Mt Union. Alabama. 
BARNBTT. HALOOLII, Pvt., 85 CoTln^on St. Montgomery, Alabama. 
BARNSTT, HBNRT P., Pyt., Mt Vernon, Alabama. 
BARRY, JOHN O., Sfft. 110 Boyce St, Montgomery. Alabama. 
BERRY. BAILiBY J., Corp., Colbran, Alabama. 
BBTHUNB. WILBUR H., Pvt, Union Springs. Alabama. 
BLAUVELT, CLIFT ON a. Prt, MaplesirlUe. Alabama. 
BOOZER, SAMUEL J., Prt, Sweetwater, Alabama. 
BOUTWBLL, GORDON W^ Bugler, Bluff Springs, Florida. 
BOWBN. CARU Pvt, Ist class, Attalla, Alabama. 
BRADLEY, JAMBS H., Pvt, Drummond. Tennessee. 
BUHRINO, JAMES H., Pvt, Coden, Alabama. 
BURDIN, HOWARD L>, Corp., Montgomery. Alabama. 
BUSBY, JIM, Pvt, Theodore, Alabama. 
BUSH, JOHN W., Pvt, Plateau, Alabama. 
BYRD. MONTE M, Pvt, Chlsholm, Montgomery, Alabama. 
OA6LBR. JOSEPH B., Pvt. Prlchard, Alabama 
CARPENTER, AUREUUS M, Pvt, Carpenter. Alabama 
CARPENTER, DAVID S, Pvt, Buffalo, New York. 
CARTER, JOHN W., Corp., Prattville. Alabama. 
CASTLBBERRY, OSWALD, Pvt, RF.D. No. I. Boas, Alabama. 
CHAMBLESS, D. &. Pvt, Booth, Alabama. 
CHE8TANG, LEO J., Pvt, Toulmanvllle, Alabama. 
CLARK, WILTON, Pvt, Greenville. Alabama 
CLAYTON, LUTHER, Pvt, Petrey, Alabama 
CLEMENTS, HOMER T., Pvt, Mohtgomery. Alabama. 
CLIFTON. HERBERT L.. Corp., 186 Highland Ava, Eufaula, Ai^Kftmi 
COBB. SAM B., Pvt, Mllbrook. Alabama. 
COFIELD. OWEN L., Pvt, Delta, Alabama. 
COLLINS, ARTHUR, Pvt 

CONNER, HAROLD H., Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 
COX, WILLIAM C, Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama 
CRANE, CLEVELAND, Pvt, Prlchard. Alabama. 
CRBBN. PAUL. Cook, Walnut Hill, Florida. 

CRE6WELU ERALY W., Water Mill Street, Union Springs. JCkHwi^n; 
CROXDALE, CLAUDE J., Corp.. 9 Bush Ava, Mobile. Alabama. 
CUM MING8, PERCY N., Pvt. 4S58 Franklin St, Mobile. Alab«Lina. 
CURRY, JOHN H., Sgt, 809 Marine St. Mobile, Alabama. 
CURTIS, JOSEPH E., SflTt, 1021 B. Hull St. Montgomery. Alabanui. 
DANELLY, JAMES. Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 
DANIELS. BENJAMIN F.. Pvt, Local. Alabama 
DAVENPORT, ROY G., Pvt, Memphla Tennessee. 
DAVIS. GRADY W., Pvt, Tuskeegee. Alabama 
DAVIS. JEF FERSON. Pvt, Greenville, Alabama 
DAVIS. WILLIAM A, Pvt. Cherokee. Alabama 

^»T'^,^^^^^^ ^' ^**'P- ^^'^' 8. Wellington. Alabama 
BAN. SAMUEL J.. JR, Pvt, 808 Pametta St. Montgomery. i%.iat> 



COMPLETE ROSTER 353 

DeFRAVH^ PBTEL Corp., 811 9th 8t» Columbus, Georffla. 

DBRAMUS» CHARIiBS IL, Pvt, Maplesville, Alabama. 

TtlAJL, OLXWR Lh, Corp., 101% W. 10th St., Annlston, Alabama. 

DISMUKB ^ HO MER X4., Mechanic, 1919 Walnut St.. Anniaton, Alabama. 

D0B80N, WUiJB D., Pvt, Choccolocco, Alabama. 

DRIQGERS, DAZZIEi Corp., Bufaula. Alabama. 

DRIGO ER8, ELiET, Prt, Bufaula, Alabama. 

D RYB, WTTiTJAM H., Corp., Roy, Alabama. 

DUBTT, JOHN T., Pvt., Tallaaaee, Alabama. 

DURDBN, LESTER, Pvt. PrattvlUe, Alabama. 

BLJLJOTT, TERRT, Pvt., La Pine. Alabama. 

ELACORS; LOID. Pvt, Headland, Alabama. 

FAI^LEl^ JAMES, Pvt, PrattvlUe, Alabama. 

FASSMAl^ LAWRENCE J., Pvt, Monteromery, Alabama. 

FISUER, CLAUDE B., Rody, Tennessee. 

FISHKR, MILTON E. Pvt, PrattvlUe, Alabama. 

FOR8TER, WALTER, Pvt, PrattvlUe, Alabama. 

FOWLER, WILLIAM A., Pvt, 142 Sidney St. AUanta, Qeorgia. 

OALATAfiL SIDNEY E., Pvt, Dexter Hotel, Montgomery. Alabama. 

OANN, WILLIAM R., Pvt, Sellers, Alabama. 

GARD NER , VERNON, Sgt, Qrady, Alabama. 

GARRETT, WILL E., Pvt, Marbury, AlabamiL 

GEORGE^ RAYMOND, Pvt, Plateau, Alabama. 

GEORGIA WILLIE, Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 

GILMORI^ WADE M., Pvt, Mildred St, Montgomery, Alabama. 

GRAHAM. ROBERT E. Pvt, Coden, Alabama. 

GRIFFITH. JAMES T.. Pvt, Prichard, Alabama. 

HAIA SAM K., Pvt, 4ia N. 4th St, Wilmington, North Carolina. 

HALU JOSEPH W., Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 

HALL^ WILLIAM F., Sgt, Montgomery, Alabama. 

£LAM. JOHN C, Pvt, 1002 Bell St. Montgomery, Alabama. 

HAMILTON; JOB, Pvt, Prichard, Alabama. 

HAMMONDflL LOUIS L., Pvt, Bufaula, Alabama. 

HANKfl^ FRED N., Pvt, 1st class, Roy, Alabama. 

HARDY, RICHARD O., Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 

HABLESS, JOHN G., Pvt, MaplesviUe, Alabama. 

HABRISL EZRA F., Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 

HAR WEL U CLAUDE C, SfiTt, 21 Noble Ave., Montgomery, Alabama. 

HARWBLU JESSE J., Pvt, 214 a Lawrence St, Mobile, Alabama. 

HAVRON, RICHARD, Corp., Crichton, Alabama. 

HBADLY, ICARVIN W., Pvt, Clanton, Alabama. 

HELLBBUSCH, CHARLES H., Corp., May Apartments, Montgomery, Ala. 

HEO^TON. GEORGE, Pvt 1st classy R.F.D. 1, Tallapoosa, Georgia. 

HENDERSON, CHARLUl Pvt, Mt Creek, AUbama. 

HENDRDC, WILLIAM R, Sgt, Roy, Alabama. 

HEWBTT, WILLIAM F., Pvt, Oxford, Alabama 

HINBS, JESSE F., Pvt, PrattvlUe, Alabama. 

HOLBROOK, LAWSON H., Pvt, Greensboro, Alabama. 

HOLLAND, BRYAN, Pvt, DeatsviUe, Alabama. 

HO LLBY , NATHANIEU Pvt, Prattvllle, Alabama. 

HOWELL^ DAN, Sgt, 817 Clay St. Montgomery* Alabama. 

HUFF. LIDEIJU Corp.. Gadsden. Alabama. 

JACKSON, JIM, Pvt, PrattvlUe, Alabama 

JEN80N. OTTEN, Pvt. Route ''A," Mobile. Alabama. 

JORDON. WILLIAM T., Pvt, 105 Buford St, Montgomery, Alabama. 

EAHLB, ALBERT It, Supply Sgt, Selma. Alabama 



354 ALABAMA'S OWTST IN FRANCE 

KEENTJM, HUGH R., Prt, Prlchard, Alabama. 
KIIjLBTT. BBN E.. Pvt, PrattvlUe, Alabama. 
KnXOUGH, JOSEPH C, Pvt. PrattviUe. Alabama. 
KING, JAMBS T., Pvt., Lower Peachtree, Alabama. 
KING, PERCY G., Prt, Montsromery, Alabama. 
KILPATRICK, JOHN J., Corp., Brantley, Alabama. 
KRUSE, JOHN D., Pvt. 276 Q. Scott St. Mobile, Alabama. 
LA FARGUE, CLEVE A, Pvt, St Stephens RdL, Tolmanvllle, Alabami. 
LAMBERT, ANDREW M., Pvt, Plateau. Alabama. 
LAMBERT, GEORGE H., Hook, Heflin, Alabama. 
LAWRENCE, HENRY, Pvt 
LEE, ARTHUR, Pvt, Prlchard, Alabama. 
LEE, EDDIE W., Pvt, Blaek Rock, Alabama. 
LEE, WILLIAM C, Pvt, Forcbe. Alabama. 
LEONARD, ROY Im, Corp., Sylacauga, Alabama. 
LEVINS, CLANTON O.. Pvt, Titus, Alabama. 
LOGAN, ARTHUR, Pvt. PrattviUe. Alabama. 
LOCKE, WALLACE B., Brewton. Alabama. 
LUCAS, JOSEPH, Pvt, PrattviUe. Alabama. 
LUDLOW, STEVE. Pvt, Montgromery. Alabama. 
McBURNETT, SAM E., Corp., Lincoln, Alabama. 
McCOY, JET, Pvt, Titus^ Alabama. 

Mcdonald, EUGENE B., Pvt, 107 N. Jackson St, Montgomery, Ala 
McGLAMRY, JAMES G., Pvt, DeatsviUe, Alabama. 
McKINNEY, LEO D., Pvt, PrattviUe. Alabama. 
MACON. PRESTON A, Pvt, Wetumpka, Alabama. 
MALONE, JAMES H., Pvt, 651 Warren St, Mobile, Alabama. 
MANLY, WILLIAM A. Pvt, Birmingrham. Alabama. 
MARCUS, HAROLD F., Mechanic. 1822 Highland Ave.. Montgromery, .Ak 
MARCUS, WILLIAM &, CoriK, 102 Kinff St. Montgromery, Alabama. 
MASSEY, HARRY P., Pvt, Chunchula, Alabama. 
MATTHEWS. HERBERT D., Pvt. Whistler, Alabama. 
MAXEY. PEARSON. Bugler, 766 Bell St, Montgromery, Alabama. 
MICKLE, HENRY F., Pvt, Roanoke, Alabama. 
MILLER, DANIEIL M., Cook, 299 Catoma St, Montgomery, Alabama 
MILLER, JULIUS R, Pvt, Pine Hill. Alabama. 
MILTON. HILLIARD, Pvt, PrattviUe, Alabama. 
MILTON, LESTER, Pvt, PrattviUe, Alabama. 
MILTON, MARVIN M., Pvt, PrattviUe, Alabama. 
MOODY, CLARENCE, Pvt, Theodore. Alabama. 
MOORE, LINWOOD P., Pvt, 260 S. Franklin St. Mobile. Alabama. 
MOORE, PHILIP E., Pvt, 476 Simpson St, Memphis, Tennessee. 
MORRILL, ROBERT R, Pvt, Montgromery, Alabama. 
MORRIS, JOHN, Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 

MORRISON, THOMAS L., Mechanic, R.F.D. 6. Heflin, Alabama. 
MOSES. GEORGE. Corp., 820 & Hull St, Montgromery. Alabama. 
MUMME, FRED W., Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 
NELSON. JOHN D., Mechanic, ThomasviUe, Alabama. 
NEWELL^ JAMES N., Pvt. 868 St Michel St, MobUe. Alabama. 
NOWELL, THOMAS J., Pvt, Ashford, Alabama. 
O'LEARY. JOSEPH A, Mess Sgrt, Montgromery, Alabama. 
OVBRSTREBT. COMMIBLE. Pvt, Prlchard. Alabama. 
OWENS, ERNEST SL. Pvt. Montgromery, Alabama. 
OWEN. ODIS, Corp.. BdwardsviUe. Alabama. 
■^ARCB, GROVBR, Corp., 217 a 8d St. Gadsden, Alabama. 
:rkINS. dee M. Pvt. Ist class. Heflin, Alabama. 



1 



COMPLETE ROSTER 355 

PBRKINS. JBSSB, R.F.D. No. 6. Heflin. Alabama. 
PETRBT. GEOROB D.. Pyt, Petrey, Alabama. 
PBTRBT. WILLJB, Pvt. Petrey. Alabama. 
PATRICK. THOMAS J.. Pvt. Parrish. Arkansas. 
PLATTS. EARL P.. Pvt. Northport, Alabama. 
PLIER. PORTER li.. Pyt.. Clanton. Alabama. 
POOLE. ERNEST. Pvt, Oordo. Alabama. 
POWELU ARZE, CorxK, Columbia, Alabama. 
POWELL. JOHN, Cori>., Columbia, Alabama. 
POWERS. BRADY. Pvt, 629 & Mobile St. Annlston, Alabama. 
PRIM. JAMES C Pvt. R.F.D. 1, Randolph, Alabama. 
PRITCHETT. ERNEST W., Pvt, Union Sprlnflrs. Alabama. 
.PUCKETT, WILLIAM J., Pvt, 551 Pine St, Mobile, Alabama. 
PURCELU FLETCHER, Pvt, Prattville, Alabama. 
RASPBERRY, DEECE, Corp.. 405 St Michel St, Mobile. Ala. 
RAY, CHARLIE H., Pvt, CenterviUe. Alabama. 
REESE, ROY A., Pvt, Cullman, Alabama. 
ROBERTS. LEONARD E., Pvt, Montflromery, Alabama. 
ROBINSON. OEORQB, Pvt. Plateau, Alabama. 
ROBINSON, PETER, Pvt, Plateau, Alabama. 
ROSS. CALVIN, Cook, Prattville, Alabama. 
ROSS. OEOROE L., Pvt, Prichard, Alabama. 

ROWBLU HUOH R, Pvt, 1404 Florida St, Memphis. Tennessee. 
ROY, WESLEY, Pvt, Prattville, Alabama. 
RUTLEDGE, JODIE F., Pvt. 1st class, Annlston, Alabama. 
8ANOSTER, JOHN B., Pvt, 691 Leon St, Memphis. Tennessee. 
SAWYER. BEN F., Corp., Roy, Alabama. 
SAWYER, BBRNIB M., Pvt, 1st class. Monroeville. Alabama. 
8CHOCK, FRED P., Pvt, 189 Colorado St, Memphis. Tennessee. 
8EAMON. CLIFTON. Pvt, Prattville. Alabama. 
SELLERS, CARL B., Pvt, Ashford, Alabama. 
8HIPMAN, BNLOW B., Pvt, Memphis, Tennessee. 
8HREVE, REX R.. Pvt, Crichton, Alabama. 
8HUMAKE, JOHN McD.. Pvt. Prattville, Alabama. 
SINGLETON, BMMETT R, Corp.. Iron City, Alabama. 
SMITH, FLOYD C. Corp., 416 Scott St, Montflromery. Alabama. 
SMITH. ERNEST C. Sfft, 208 7th St. Columbus. Georgria. 
6TANFIELD. CHARLES D.. Lonsrdale. Alabama. 

STANFORD. HAROLD. Pvt. 422 Mildred St. Montflromery. Alabama. 
STARKE, GRADY, Corp.. Prattville. Alabama. 
STEPHEN. JULE. Pvt. Union Springs, Alabama. 
STEPHENS. CHARLIE R, 812 N. Holt St. Montgomery. Alabama. 
STEWART. HENRY E., Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 
STEWART. JIMMIE X. Pvt, Old Sprinflr Hill. Alabama. 
STROUD. FITZHUOH L^. Pvt. Canoe, Alabama. 
STUBBS. OCIE O.. Pvt. Birminflrham. Alabama. 
SWAIN. EDDIE, Pvt. Mobile. Alabama. 
SWEETSER, LESLIE, Pvt, Spring- Hill, Alabama. 
TARVGR, WILLIE C. Pvt, Montflromery. Alabama. 
THIGPXiN. JAMES B.. Sgt. Montflromery. Alabama. 
THORN,TON. HENRY L.. Pvt. Montgomery. Alabama. 
THOMraON, JAMBS T., Pvt, Roanoke. Alabama. 
THOMPaON, WILLIAM N.. Pvt. West Point. Georgia. 
TOBIAS, ;JOHN M.. Pvt. Hope Hull. Alabama. 
TOLBEiyr. JOSEPH. Pvt. 8 May St. Montgomery. Alabama. 
TOOLE./ JOHN T.. Pvt. Bufaula. AlabamcL 

I 



356 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

TOOLiB. 30BN. Prt, 1st class, Eutaula, AlabamsL 

TRBHERN. LiBODEB. Pvt., Irvinffton, Alabama^ 

TREUTBU ALLEN O., Pvt., 669 Marine St.. Mobile, Alabama. 

VEASEY, JESSE L., Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama. 

VBRNEUHLiE; DANIEL. H., Pvt. Mobile. Alabama. 

WAKEFORD, CHARLES H., Pvt, 1049 Spring HiU Ave., Mobile, Ala. 

WAITS, LEO, Pvt, 1st class, Wellinirton, Alabams« 

WATSON. DAVE Q., 1st S^, Eufaula, AlabamsL 

WIQGINB. HEURD, Pvt, Montgromery, Alabama. 

WIL LLAM8, EARN, Pvt. Cashly, Tennesseeu 

WTT JJAMflL ERNEST, Pvt, Ia Graagre. Oeorsla. 

WIL SON, JAM ES O., Pvt, Ma«raxine Point Alabama. 

WILSON, WILLARD K, Pvt, 27 N. Julia St, Mobile. Alabama. 

WINTERS, QEORGE E., Pvt, Pasoaeroula, MissiasippL 

WOOD, BERRY, Pvt, Wetumpka, AlabamsL 

WOOD, HENRY G, Corp.. Leesburgr, AlabamSL 

WOODCOCK, LAWRENCE, Pvt, Mobile, Alabcuna. 

YERBY. JOHN H.. Pvt. Scooba, MlssissippL 

ZARKO, ROBERT J^ Pvt 

Company B 

CaRtalB BRTAN WHrnBHURST* Clopton, Alabama. 
iBt Lleat. GBORGB A. GLENN* Gadsden. AlabamsL 
lat Lleat. WILLIAM J. CLARK* 646 W. Short St, Lexington, Kentucky. 
2d LlMt. ROBERT B8PY, Abbeville^ Alabama. 
2d Ltost, HOWARD J. CONKLIN, Monroe» New York. 
2d Lieat JOHN M, DONALDgON* Fairfield. ConnecUcut 
2d Lleat. W. C, H OBHADAY. Austin, Texas. 
ACRBE, ARTHUR, Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama. 
ADAMS, SAM, Pvt, 1st class, R.F.D. No. 6, Clayton, Alabama. 
AGBRTON, THOMAS R., Pvt. Atmore, Alabams. 
ALLEN, JAMES J., Bu^rler, R.F.D. Na 2, Bstell Sprinsrs. Tennessee. 
ANDREWS^ BUD. Pvt, Elba, AlabamiL 
ARMSTRONG, BENN F., Pvt, Millry, Alabama. 
ATWEHLI^ JIM W.. Pvt, Brundidge, Alabams. 
AYRES. ORIN P., Corpw, Headland. AlabamiL 
BARNHILU HUGH A., Pvt. Enterprise, AlabamiL 
BELL, FRED, Pvt, Clayton. Alabama. 
BERG. JOHN W., Pvt, Pine Barren, Florida. 
BEVERLEY. GEORGE R, Pvt, Greenville, Alabams. 
BEVERLEY, GROVER C, Pvt, GreenviUe^ Alabama. 
BLAIR, MACK, Pvt, Brewton. Alabama. 
BLAIR, SAM. 1st Ssrt. Eden. Alabama. 
BOOTH. WILBUR F, Pvt. Prattvllle, Alabama. 
BRADFORD, THOMAS C, Pvt. Birminsrham, Alabama. 
BRADLEY, WILLIAM E., Pvt, AbbeviUe^ Alabama. 
BRANNON, ROBERT W., Sfft, Eufaula, Alabama. 
BROUGHTON, DAN. Corpw, Hurricane, AlabamiL 
BROWN. SHERMAN K., Pvt, Creola, Alabama. 
BRYARa JOSEPH W., Pvt, Perdido, Alabama. 
BUSH. HENRY L., Pvt, Abbeville, Alabama. 
BUSH, JESSE, Corp., Cotton Hill, AlabamsL 

BUSH, RICHARD H., Corp., Carpenters. AlabamsL 1 

BYRD. WILLIAM E., Pvt, Bay Mlnette. Alabama. 
YRNB; GEORGE T., Sfft. Bay Minette, AlabamsL • ; 



COMPLETE ROSTER 357 

CAIN, KRAMER G., Sgt, Blrmlnsham, Alabama. 

CAMPBKTJ» HARRISON, Pvt, Pensacola, Florida. 

CHAUDRON, NORWELL L., Pvt, Flomaton, Alabama. 

CHRISTIE, EMERY L.. Pvt, Gracevllle, Florida. 

CHURCH WELU OSCAR, Pvt, Route 1, SklppervlUe. Alabama. 

CLARK, AL.VIN W.. Pvt, StapletODp Alabama. 

COGDEIX, JAMES F., Pvt, Union Springs, Alabama. 

CONE, PAUL M, Pvt, Greenville, Texaa 

COOK, MALCOLM, Pvt, Skipperville, Alabama. 

COOK. MELVIN O., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

COX, JESSE E., Pvt, Bay Mlnette, Alabama. 

CROCKETT, JAMES R, Pvt, Headland, Alabama. 

CROCKETT, JOE, Pvt, Headland, Alabama. 

CUMMINGS, WILLIAM H., Pvt, Webb, Alabama. 

DABNEY, ALBERT G, Pvt, Ensley, Alabama. 

DANZEY, LUTHER Ia, Pvt, Abbeville, Alabama. 

DAVIS, ALBERT C, Pvt, Abbeville. Alabama. 

DAVIS, TOM W., Pvt, Headland, Alabama. 

DAVIDSON, WILLIAM T., Pvt, McKenzle, Alabama. 

DAVISON, LESLIE. Pvt. Canoe, Alabama. 

DOLJVE, HARVEY 1m, Pvt, Hurricane, AlabamcL 

DREW, WILLIAM E., Pvt, Lottie, Alabama. 

DUCK, ROBERT &, Pvt, Brady, Alabama. 

DUNN, FRANK, Pvt, Elamville, Alabama^ 

DUNN, SAM, Pvt, Elisha, Alabama. 

DURANT, LITTLE ED, Pvt, Bromley, Alabama. 

DURHAM, ALBERT E., Pvt, Chavis, Alabama. 

EDWARD, RAYMOND a, Pvt, Eclectic, AlabamcL 

EDWARDS, JAME9 A., Pvt, ShorterviUe, Alabama. 

EDWARDS, JOHN C, Cook, 541 Broad St. Columbus, Georgia. 

EGGB, ELMORE J., Pvt, Molino, Florida. 

ETHRIDGE, RALPH Im, Pvt, Columbia, Alabama. 

FARMER, WATSON, Pvt, Kinston, Alabama. 

FAULK, JOHN. Pvt, Dyas, Alabama. 

FAULK, VANDER, Pvt, Haleburg. Alabama. 

FELICE, MIKE, Pvt, Birmingham. Alabama. 

FISCHER, CLAUDE C, Pvt, Pine Barron, FlorldCL 

FLOWERS, LORENZO C, Pvt, Brundidge, Alabama. 

FLOYD, FRANK, Bugler, Clayton, Alabama. 

FRANKLIN, OTTO B., Pvt, Red Level. AlabamcL 

FREDERICK, ALTIE A., Pvt, AdamsviUe, Alabama. 

FREDERICK, JOHN D., Pvt. AdamsviUe, Alabama. 

FRENCH, CYRIL G., Pvt, Brundidge, Alabama. 

PRETWBLL, HENRY H., Pvt, Perdido, Alabama. 

GAMBLE, JAMES R., Pvt, Abbeville, Alabama. 

GANONG, LEWIS M., Pvt, 1^48 S. 4th St, Memphis, Tennessee. 

GARRARD, ALFRED S., Pvt, Montgomery. AlabamcL 

GATES, ANCE M.. Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 

GEORGE, CURTIS W., Pvt, Foshee. Alabama. 

GIBSON, CLARENCE S., Pvt, Pine Barron, Florida. 

GIBSON, DANIEL M., Pvt, Pine Barron, Florida. 

GILMORE, ERNEST B., Pvt, Clayton, Alabama. 

GODWIN. TALTON T., Pvt, Oak Grove, Florida. 

GRAHAM, THOMAS J.. Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 

GRANT, GEORGE, Pvt, Greenville, Alabama. 

GRAY. HARRY H., Pvt, Edifewp.ter, A^p-bama. 



358 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

ORBENB, CECIL SL, Prt* 21S Laaderdale St., Selxn^, Alabama. 
GRIMES, DANIEL IC, Prt, Daphne, Alabama. 
ORIMSLET, BRENTON A., Pvt, Halebarg, Alabama. 
aUNTER, CARLIE G., Corp., Brundldffe, Alabama. 
HALL, DEMP8EY W., Pvt., Nakomia, Alabama. 
HALU PATE R, Pvt, Century, Florida. 
HAMMOCE:, GEORGE 11., Pvt, Bay MInett«, Alabama. 
HARDWICK, ROT 11., Pvt, Hardwickaburfff Alabama. 
HARRIS, EDWARD T., Corp., Bay MinettQ, Alabama. 
HASSELVANDER, PETER P., Pvt, AckervlUe, Alabama. 
HAYWOOD, ZEBEDEE, Pvt, Talladegra* Alabama 
HODGES, LESTER, Pvt, lat claaa TezaaviUe, Alabama. 
HOLLODAT, CHARLIE M., Pvt, Decherd, Tenneaaee. 
HOLMAN, JOHN H., Pvt, Muacoffee, Florida. 
HOLMES, ORIGEN S., Pvt, Foley, Alabama. 
HOUSTON, WALLACE, Pvt, lat claaa, Clayton, Alabama. 
HOWARD, HARRY J., Pvt, Union Sprlngra, Alabama 
HUFF, WALTER A., Pvt, Foley, Alabama 

HUGHES, JOSEPH H., Sfft, 161 a Warren St, Mobile, Alabama 
JACKSON, PERRY, Pvt, lat daaa, Haleburg:, Alabama 
JACKSON, STEWART M, Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama 
JAMES. JAMES C, Sfft Q. M., Ettfaula, Alabama 
JOHNSON, JOE O., Pvt, Atmore Alabama 
JOHNSON, OLIVER, Pvt, Nokomia, Alabama 
KENNEDY, JOHN C, Pvt, Clayton, Alabama 
KENNEDY, PHIPPS, Pvt, Abbeville, Alabama. 
KERVIN, TYSON, Pvt, Red Level, Alabama. 
LAND, FRANK, Pvt, Rome, Alabama 
LANEY, HENRY C, Abbeville, Alabama. 
LANGFORD, ALBERT, Sfft, Columbia, Alabama 
LEE, JOHN, Pvt, Brooka, Alabama 
LEWIS, ULYSSES, Pvt, Birminflrham, Alabama. 
LINT, FRANK H., Pvt, Birmingrham, Alabama. 
LOCKHART, DAN, Pvt, Clanton, Alabama 
LOTT, HENRY, Pvt, Abbeville, Alabama 
LOYD, ALEXANDER, Pvt, EUaka, Alabama. 
LOWBRY, ALVA B., Pvt, Holley, Florida 
LUKER, WILLIAM L., Pvt, Atmore, Alabama 
McCain, ULYSSBS, Pvt, lat claaa. Clay County, Alabama. 
McCANN, WILLIAM R, Pvt, Sylacausra, Alabama. 
McGHEB, NOAH, Pvt, Atmore, Alabama 
McGHEE, RILEY, Pvt, Atmore, Alabama 
McGRIFF. HARRY LEE, Pvt, Columbia, Alabama 
McKENZIB, CLARENCE W., Pvt, Cottage Hill, Florida. 
McLAIN, JAMES W., Pvt, Lottie, Alabama 
McLAIN, LEON H., Pvt, Red Level, Alabama. 
MADDOX, EARLY, Pvt, Marianna, Florida 
MADDOX, HOBSON, Pvt. Stapleton, Alabama 
MADDOX, HORACE &, Pvt, Abbeville, Alabama. 
MADDOX, LONNIE. Pvt, New Brockton, Alabama 
MARTIN, JOHN J., Pvt, Clayton, Alabama 
MARTIN. STERLING R. Pvt, Clayton, Alabama. 
MASON. WILLIAM A., Pvt, Atmore. Alabama 
MATHISON, BERTRAM, Pvt, Abbeville, Alabama 
MATHISON. WOODIB R. Sfft, Abbeville, Alabama 
ATSON. HOWARD H., Pvt, Talladega, Alabama 



COMPLETE ROSTER 359 

MBZICE:, ons, Corpw» Aahland, Alabama. 

MINO, J. H., Pvt, Newton, Alabama. 

MILXiS. SAMUEIi A., Pvt, Braaoh, Alabcuna. 

IdCLSTBAD, HOMBR B., Prt, Atmore, Alabama. 

MILSTBD, CORIE Im, Fvt, Atmore. Alabama. 

MILTON. IiEE, Fvt, Oakystreak, Alabama^ 

MONBT, WILUAM H.. Pvt. 1st class, Abbeville, Alabama. 

MONK, BVBRETT, Pvt, Shorters, Alabama. 

MORINO, BBNJAMIN, Pvt, Abbeville, Alabama. 

MORRISON, OROVBR, Pvt, Clayton, Alabama. 

MORRISON, L.BSTBR, Pvt, Clayton, Alabama. 

NBLSON, ZACHARIA, Pvt, Walnut Hill, PloridaL 

NOBLB, RALPH, Pvt, 6614 Oeorgria Ava, Birmingham, Alabama 

NOLBN, BUSBT, Pvt, Bratt, Alabama. 

NORTHRX7P, ALBERT F., Pvt. Bast Lake, Alabama. 

NORTON. ROBBRT, Pvt, Clayton, Alabama. 

ODOM, ERNB8T B., Pvt, Armore, Alabama. 

OWSNS* BURL, Pvt. Bdwin, Alabama. 

PARKER, CLYDE, Pvt. Perdido, Alabama. 

PAREIBR, 8AMUEU Pvt, Perdido, Alabama^ 

PATTERSON, BOB, Pvt, Black, Alabama. 

PA YNE , JO HN W ., Pvt, Attala, Alabama. 

PEKUEL, LUTHBR, Pvt, Abbeville, Alabamiu 

PERDUE^ JAKE, Pvt, Opp, Alabama. 

PRATT, JOHN B., Pvt, 7811 Hilman Ave., Birmingrham, Alabama. 

PRESSLEY, DANIEL O., Pvt, Pine Barron, Florida 

QUILLBN, JEFF, Pvt, Clayton, Alabama 

QUISBNBERRY, WILLIAM Y., Pvt, Pine Apple, Alabama 

RAT, AUBREY C, Pvt, Bay Minette, Alabama. 

REYNOLDS* HENRY, Pvt, Abbeville, Alabama 

RHODES, CAIUU Corp., Capps, Alabama. 

RICHARDSON, SIBLEY R. Pvt, Stockton. Alabama. 

ROBERTS, GARY A., Corp., Bay Minette, Alabama. 

ROBERTS^ OREIU Fvt, Bay Minette, Alabama 

ROBERTS, THOMASb Pvt, Cappa Alabama. 

ROY. JOHN J., Pvt, MiUry, Alabama^ 

SCOTT, BEN H. , Pv t. Bay Minette. Alabama. 

SCROOGINSb RUFUS, Corp., Lonisvllle, Alabama. 

SEARCY, SAMUEL R, Pvt, Skipperville, Alabama. 

SHIRLEY, XjOYD, Sfft. Abbeville, Alabama. 

SIMMONS^ REX O., Pvt, Malone, Florida. 

SIMS, COY v., Pvt, Sycamore, Alabama. 

S MITH, ERNEST T., Pvt, PratUville, Alabama. 

8MITB, ERNEST M., Pvt, Stapleton, AlabamaL 

SNELLINOS, WILLIE L, Pvt, Gnrley, Alabama. 

STARMBS, ORR, Pvt, 1st class. Pell City, Alabama^ 

STEADHAMSb ORIB D., Pvt, Daphne, Alabama. 

SULLIVAN, MAURICE G., Pvt. Charlotte, North Carolina. 

TAYLOR, ALEXANDER O., Corp., Silas, Alabama. 

TAYLOR, ANDREW C, Pvt. Molino. Florida. 

TAYLOR, DOUGLAS M, Pvt, Bay Minette. Alabama. 

TAYLOR, HENRY F., Corp., Gilberton, Alabama. 

TAYLOR, JOHN T., Pvt, Bay Minette, Alabama. 

TAYLOR, PERRY A, Pvt, Bay Minette, Alabama 

THOMPSON, GIDEON P., Pvt, Clayton, Alabama. 

THOMPSON, ROBERT, Pvt, Stockton, Alabama. 



360 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

TILLER, BENJAMIN U, Bgt, Headland. Alabama 

TOLER, FLETCHER C, Pvt., Carpenters, Alat>ama. 

TOWNLBT, WALTER B., Pvt, Muscogee. Florida. 

TURNER, NEWMAN, Mech. Pvt.. CollinsvlUe, Alabama. 

WARD, FRANK D.. Pvt, 8000 Ave. D, Blrmlnsrham. AlabanuL 

WATSON, CLYDE. Pvt, Clayton, Alabama. 

WEEKLEY, BUPORD, Pvt. Perdido, Alabama. 

WELLS, ARTHUR, Pvt, Albertville. Alabama. 

WEST. CULLEN. Corp., Baker Hill, Alabama. 

WHATLEY. HARVEY, Pvt, Headland, Alabama. 

WHITE, FRANK B., Pvt, Bay Minette, AlabamaL 

WHITE, KINNON R, Pvt, Muscogee. Alabama. 

WHITE, LOYD R., Pvt, Bay Minette. Alabama. 

WHITE, MARSHALL N., Pvt. Bay Minette, Alabama. 

WHITEHURST, ALTO I^. Sgrt, Clopton. Alabama. 

WILLIAMS, C B.. Pvt, Clayton, Alabama. 

WILLIAMS, JAMES. Pvt. Bay Minette, Alabama. 

WINGATE, ROSIER K., Pvt, Camilla, Oeorpit 

WILSON, WALTER E., Pvt, Jackson, Alabama. 

WILSON. WILLIAM H, Pvt, CuUonbursT. Alabama. 

WOODHAM, TERREL C, Cook. Pvt, Capps, Alabama. 

WREN, EDWARD R, Sfft, Talladega, Alabama. 

Company C 

Cmpt, GARDNER 6RBBN» Pell City. Alabama. 

Imt Lleot RICHARD B. KBLIiY* Jr^ 1486 10th Place, & Birmingbia 

Alabama. 
1st Lieat BBNJAMUr 1m CURTIS, 61 Paradise Rd., North Hampton. Ma* 
2d Lieut. STEPHEN W. HARRIS, Huntsville, AlabamcL 
2d Lieut. O. R. C, BRYAN SNYDBR, Jr., Marshall. Texas. 
2d Lieut DONALD IV. PHILBRICK, Skowffesran, Maineu 
2d Lieut. RALPH GRIFFIN, Traer. Iowa. 
ACKLEN. RAYMOND. Pvt. Huntsville, Alabama. 
ADAMS. JOSEPH. Corp., Pell City, Alabama. 
ALDREDGE, JOHN F.. Corp.. Noma, Florida. 
ALLDREGE, EVERT A., Pvt, Route 2. Ountersvllle, AlabamiL 
ARNOLD, FRANK B., Pvt. FalkviUe, Alabama. 
AUTREY, OSCAR L., Pvt, Pine Hill. AlabamcL 
BAILEY, OTIS. Pvt, Thomaston, Georgria. 
BANISTER. JOHN M., Pvt. Gwin. Alabama. 
BARNARD, HARRY. Pvt. Samson. Alabama. 

BEARDEN. ALVIN C. Pvt, Helen Best Mine. Birmingham, Alabama 
BEARDEN, JOHN T., Pvt, Woodland, 67th St, Birmingrham, Alabama. 
BEAN, ELMER, Pvt, Easonville, Alabama. 
BECK, CECIL C, Pvt, Fort Payne, Alabama. 
BELL. LOIS. Pvt, Geneva, Alabama. 
BOWDIN, GUY, Pvt. Elba, Alabama. 
BROWN, HENRY W., Pvt, Geneva, AlabamsL 
BROWN. OLLIS C. Corp.. Eden. Alabama. 
BROWN., PRESTON. Pvt. Coffee Springrs. Alabamau 
BROWN. RUBEN O.. Corp., Pell City, Alabama. 
BRBNNERMAN. AMOS. Pvt, Winfleld, Kentucky. 

BURNETT, CAULIA, Pvt. Ocampo, Alabama. i 

BURTON. WILL H., Pvt, Daviston. Alabama. 
BUTLER. CLEVE, Pvt, Pell City. Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 361 

BUTL.BR, COVOSO, Pvt, Cordova, Alabama. 

CAL.AHAN, BAM, Pvt 

CAliB, ROBERT W.. Corji., Pratt City, Alabama. 

CAUL.AHAN. E2DGAR, Pvt, Pell City, Alabama. 

CAMERON. PRANK H., Pvt, West Grun, Alabama. 

CANTRBLL. HERMAN, Pvt, 89 Dallas St, HuntsvlUe, Alabama. 

CARTER, LESTER, Pvt, Hawk, Alabama. 

CASH, SAMUEL R., Pvt, Winfleld, Alabama. 

CAUDLE. BERT, Pvt, Gwin, AlabamsL 

CAUSEY, GEORGE, Pvt, Pell City, Alabama. 

CAUSEY, JAMES H., Pvt, Pell City, Alabama. 

CHAMBERS, FRANK, Pvt, Pell City, Alabama. 

COATS, BRITT, Pvt, NewtonvlUe, Alabama. 

CONGER, CHARLES C, Pvt, Ensley, Alabama. 

CORNBTT, JOSEPH C, Sgrt, Talladegra, Alabama. 

CROPT, LEWIS, Pvt, Dawson. Alabama. 

CRUNK, PERCY, Pvt, 418 C St, Merrlmac Mills, Florence, Alabama. 

CURRENCB. GILBERT, Pvt, Cuba, Alabama. 

DAVENPORT, OLTVBR C. Pvt, Woodward. Alabama. 

DAVIDSON, MARCUS, Corp., Lincoln, Alabama. 

DAY, CLAUDE, Pvt, 721 1st Ave., West End, Birmingham, Alabama. 

DBAUX, WALTER D^ Pvt, Poarch. Alajt>ama. 

DeGARia JULIEN &. Sgrt, Pell City. Alabama. 

DERRICK, WM. H,, Corp., 1010 Cotton Ave., West End, Birmingham. Aku 

DBRTING, LILLARD R, Pvt, HuntsvlUe, Alabama. 

DOPSON, RICHARD P., Pvt, Wetumpka, Alabama. 

P0T80N, WALTER I^, Pvt Carbon Hill, Alabama. 

DRAKE, ADOLPHUS, Pvt, Wadley, Alabama. 

DRAKE, JAMES L., Pvt, 618 St Cha. Ave.. Birmingham. Alabama. 

DUPAY, JOSBPH T., Corp., 423 No. 52nd St, Birmingham. Alabama. 

DUNN, JESSIE. Pvt, Black, Alabama. 

DUNN, LEONARD, Pvt, Black, Alabama. 

DUNN, MARVIN, Pvt, Black, Alabama. 

DYE, JAMES A., Corp., PeU City. Alabama. 

FANT. GEORGE, Sgt. Eden, Alabama. 

FITZGERALD, EDWARD. Pvt, Omaha. Georgia. 

FORD, JOHN B.. Pvt, Manbreno, Texaa 

FOREMAN, EDGAR R, Pvt, Geneva. Alabama. 

FORMAN, GRADY D., Pvt, Springville, Alabama. 

FOUGHT. LESTER. Pvt, Carbon Hill. Alabama. 

GENTRY, HERMAN D., Pvt, HuntsviUe. Alabama. 

GIBBONS. MARRELU Pvt, Red Level, Alabama. 

GILLETTE, RICHARD W., Pvt, Ensley. Alabama. 

GLASGOW, JACK E., Pvt, Blountstown, Florida. 

GOLD. CLYDE O.. Pvt, Chase. Alabama. 

GORE, PRESTON, Corp., Hurtsboro. Alabama. 

GOZA« CALVIN W.. Pvt. Pyffe. Alabama. 

GRAHAM. GRADY. Pvt, Pell City, Alabama. 

GRIFFITH. RALPH, Pvt, Pell City. Alabama. 

HANEY, OWEN C. Pvt, Winfleld, Alabama. 

HANNER, EUGENE, Pvt, Elkwood. Alabama. 

HARMON. WASSON, Sgt. Pell City, Alabama. 

HASSELL. JOHN T.. Pvt. Andalusia. Alabama. 

HATHCOX. WALLACE. Pvt, Ragland. Alabama. 

HAYWOOD, STERLING, Pvt. Daleville. Alabama. 

HEFLIN, FRED, Pvt, Moulton, Alabama. 



362 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

HBLTON. 8AM. Pvt, HnntSTlUe, Alabama. 

HEMPHILU WIIXIK T.» PTt.» 240 Bryon St, Atlanta, Gteorsla. 
HBSTERL.T. BRUTON. Pvt. Pell City. Alabama. 
HIBBS. JBSSE R. Pvt, 7918 Underwood. Blrmlngrham. Alabama. 
HICKS. SHELI.T a. Pvt, White City. Alabama. 
HIOGINBOTHAN. OBORGB. Pvt. Pell City. Alabama. 
HILU FLOYD J., Pvt, Moulton, Alabama. 
HOMBR, ART. Pvt. Brilliant, Alabama. 
HOMBR. FLOYD. Pvt, BriUiant, Alabama. 
HOLCOMB. JAMBS L., Pvt. Kansas, Alabama. 
HOLLIS, KBLCIB, Pvt, Brilliant Alabama. 
HOLMAN. SAM. Pvt, Huntsville, Alabama. 
HOWARD. CLAUDE &. let Sgrt, Cropw^l, Alabama. 
HUDSON, AUDREY, Pvt, ThomasviUe, Alabama. 
HUTCHINSON. EVERETT H., Pvt, Salies, Alabama. 
HUTTO, ALLAN, Pvt. Hartford, Alabama 
JARRETT, OSCAR, Corp., EaaonviUe, Alabama. 
JOHNSON, ROBERT H., Pvt, Brilliant Alabama. 
JOHNSON, ROBERT &, Pvt. Klmberly, Alabama^ 
JOHNSTON, JEFF, Pvt* Mcintosh, Alabama. 
JOHNSTON, HENRY P., Pvt, Lnverne, Alabama. 
JONE. FRED. Pvt, Walkers Crossinsr. Alabama 
JONES. CLAUDE W., Pvt, Cowper, Alabama 

KERNODLE. GEORGE E., Pvt, 1S82-6 19th St. Birmingham, Alabts^ 
KILGORB, RANDALU Corp.« Pell City, Alabama 
KILLINGSWORTH, HAYDEIN H., Pvt, Calere. Alabama 
KNOWLTON. GILBERT R., Pvt« 1818 Huntsville Ave., Blrmlngrbam. U 
KOONCE. OSCAR H.. Corp., Hnntsvllle, Alabama 
LACEY. PHILLIP. Pvt. Gardendale, Alabama 
LAMBERT. WILLIAM C. Pvt, Jasper, iliiabama 
LAND. COLUMBUS C, Pvt, DizonviHa Florida 
LANIER, JOHN C, Pvt, Chatton, Georgia 
LASTER. HORTON, Pvt, Taft Tennessea 

LAURBLU RALPl^ Pvt, 1781 19th Ave., Blrminffham, Alabama 
LEGGETT. MELVIN, Pvt. Hartford, Alabama 
LINAM, ABNER. Pvt, Dalevllle. Alabama 
LONGKJRIER, PAUL J., Pvt. SuUlflrent Alabama 
LUKER, THOMAS. Pvt, Lacey Springs. Alabama 

McDANIEL. JAMES D., Pvt, Springville, Alabama ' 

McGEE. GEORGE W.. Pvt, Fyffe, Alabama 
McGOWAN, EARLY, Pvt. Hartford, Alabama 
McKINNON. WALLACE. Pvt, Geneva Alabama 
MANNING. BERTO, Pvt, Majestic, Alabama 
MARSH. CHARLIE M, Pvt, Mt Plnson. Alabama 
MATHEWS. GEORGE M, Pvt. Mathewa Alabama 
MATTINSON. CHARLEY. Pvt, Blrminsrham. Alabama 
MATHISl JOHN. Pvt, Dora Alabama 
MERRILU JIM, Pvt, Warrior. Alabama 
MITCHELL, ERNEST V., Pvt, Pell City, Alabama 
MIZB. LEONIDA8, Mech., Odenvilla Alabama 
MONCRIEF, TILLMAN H., Pvt, Gardendala Alabama 
MONCRIBF. WILLIAM F., Pvt. Gardendale, Alabama 
MORGAN, ACIE. Pvt. Bdffewater. Alabama 
tORTON, ROBERT L, Pvt, Birmingham. Alabama 

OORB, DWIGH T. Pv t, Leeda Alabama 

ORRISON. HARVEY, S»t. Pell City, Alabama 



COMPLETE ROSTER 363 

MO SaL JOHN, Prt, Buffalo Valley, Tennessee. 

ICOWBRT, PAUU Pvt., Bden, Alabama. 

KORTH« HARWBII^ Bert., I^athrofk, Alabama. 

OTBRIBN* THOMAS E., PvU Birmingham, Alabama. 

(ySKjMj, DANIEL H., Prt, Bnsley, Alabama. 

CNBAI^ JOHN D.* Pvt., Bnsley, Alabama. 

OSBURN, CHARLrIB» Pvt.« Darringrton, Florida. 

OTTIiBY, HARMON F.» Corp.* Geneva, New York. 

PARKJfiH. JOHN H., Prt, Bast Gadsden, Alabama. 

PARTAIN, GBORGB T., Corp., R.F.D. 8, Birmingrham, Alabama. 

PATTERSON, CARLTXiB W., Corp., Huntsrllle, Alabama. 

PATTERSON, FRED, Cook, Cropwell, Alabama. 

PATTERSON, WHXIAM A., Pvt., Pell City, Alabama. 

PITTQ, JOE, Pvt, Union Bprings, AlabamsL 

PRITCHETT, HENRY G., Pvt., Dosier, AlabamsL 

RAY, FRED. PvL, BeU MiU«, Alabama. 

RAYBORN, ELMORI^ Pvt, ThomcMViUe, Alabama. 

REYNOLDS, ROY, Pvt, Taft, Tennessee. 

RHEA, RAYMOND, Pvt, Somervllle, Alabama. 

RHJESY, AIXEN, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 

R0BBR80N, JAMB0. Corp., PeU City, Alabama. 

SANDERS, FIN US, Corp., Huntsville. Alabamiu 

SANDERS, JAMES. Corp., PeU City, Alabama. 

80HBTJ» WILLIAM M« Pvt, Pell City, Alabama. 

SCHMIDT, GEORGE M, Pvt, RF.D. 4, Birmingrham, Alabama. 

SCOOOINS, JB88B T., S^, Pell City, Alabama. 

8CRIMSCHER, WILBUR, Pvt, S8I6 4th Ave., Birmingham, Alabama. 

SEALS, CHARLIE, Bugler, Pell City, Alabama. 

SEARCY, LARRY P., Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

SELF. FRED H., Pvt, Mt Plnson, Alabama. 

SHAW, JOHN F., Pvt, Blocton, Alabama. 

SHEXrrS, WILLIAM C, Pvt, McCuUough, Alabama. 

sues, THEODORE E., Corp., 84th St, Bast Lake, Birmingham, Alabama. 

SNELI^ EDWARD, Pvt, liowisburg, Alabamiu 

SMITH, CHARLES C, Pvt, Jasper, Alabama. 

SMITH, LBROY, Pvt, Pell City, Alabama. 

SMITH, ROBERT &, Pvt, Birmingham, Alabamiu 

SMITH, SAM, Pvt, 7482 1st Ave., Birmingham. AlabamsL 

SMITH, WIIXIE, Pvt, Hartford, AlabamcL 

SOMBRSET, HENRY R, Pvt, Gtoneva, Alabama. 

SPRADLEY, MANNON T., Bugler, Pell City, Alabama. 

STEBLE, FRANK S., Pvt, Risingfawn, Georgia. 

STEPHENS, JAMES, Pvt, Daviston, Alabama. 

STEPHENS^ OSCAR D., Corp., Lincoln, Alabama. 

STEWART, LEE, Pvt, Cullman, Alabama. 

STUBBLBFIELD, JOHN W.. Pvt, Columbus City, Alabama. 

SULLIVAN, BERRY, Pvt, Bchola, Alabama. 

SULLIVAN, MIT M, Sfi^, Echola, Alabama. 

SWAN, JOHN D., Pvt, Wellington, Alabama. 

TALLIEY, WILLIAM B., Cook, Torey, Alabama. 

TENNBY, R08T0N, Pvt, Coalmont Alabama. 

THOM PSON, DAVID, Pvt, Chavies, Alabama. 

THUNDBRBURK, GBORGB W., Pvt. SuUigent, Alabama. 

TRAPP, ELMER R., Corp., Galaten, Tennessee. 

TROTTER, FRED R, Pvt, Warrior, Alabama. 

TURNER, BUELL B., Pvt, Americus, Georgia. 



364 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

WADE. HARRISON C» Pvl, Cropwell, Alabama. 

WADE, ROBERT !«., PYt» Dallas Mills, Huntsvllle, AlabaouL 

WALKER, HOUSTON E., Pvt, Sprlnsvllle, Alabama. 

WALKER, ROBERT R, PtL. Cropwell, Alabama 

WALKER, WILLIE, Prt, HuntSTiUe, Alabama 

WATSON. BERT, Cori>., Eden, Alabama 

WEEMS, JESSE X, Pvt. Courtland, Alabama 

WILLINOHAM, QCOROB H.. Pvt, Cropwell. Alabama 

WILLINOHAM, JAMES B., Cook, Pell City. Alabama 

WILLINOHAM, RAN, Corp., Cropwell, Alabama. 

WILLIAMS, GEOROE. Pvt, Wilson vllle, Alabama 

WILLIAMS. JAMES, Pvt, Manchester, Gtoorgrla 

WILLIAMS. SIMON J., Pvt, 816 2d Ave., Birmingham. Alabama 

WILLIAMSON, ABNER, Cook, OdenviUe. Alabama 

WILLIAMSON. HOWARD, Sfft, Pell City. Alabama 

WILSON, BENJAMIN F., Pvt, Ardell, Alabama 

WILSON, HENRY, Pvt, Canton, Oeorgria. 

WILSON, OSCAR E., Geneva, Alabama 

WINDHAM, CUTHBSRT T., Pvt, BUck. Alabama 

WOLF. CLAUDE. Pvt, Oakman. Alabama 

WOLF, JOE, Pvt, Dora, Alabama 

WOLF, SIM, Pvt, Dora, Alabama 

WRIGHT, JEFF D., Pvt, Ozark, Alabama. 

WRIGHT, WILL N., Pvt, Geneva, Alabama 

WYATT, WILLIE &. Pvt, Blrmlngrham. Alabama 

TOUNG, CLIFF, Pvt, 1B16 8th Ava, Birmingham, Alabama 

Company D 

I 

Capt. IiACBT BDHIJNDSON, Bessemer. Alabama. 

1st Ltest WILLIAM A. JBFFBRY, 101 Rankin St, Andalusia, AlabuA 

1st Lieut. SHELBY T. GAMBLBS* Lanar, Colorado. 

2d Lleat. BlllNBST B. BELL» Bessemer, Alabama 

3d Lieut. PETER I. EIDBS, 112 Robert St. Crookstan, Minnesota 

2d Lieut. FARREIiL D. BaNOR* JR.* 2290 Calser Ave.. Beaumont Teri 

2d Lteot. LOUIS B. TOUNOBLOOD, Woodlawn Ava, Charlotte, N. C 

AARON, LOYD. Pvt, Bessemer^ Alabama. 

ALOMS. HENRY, Pvt, Ft Deposit Alabama 

ALVERSON, BENJAMIN F., Pvt, HuntsviUe, Alabama 

ARDOYNO, JOHN E., Pvt, 464 S. Cedar St, Mobile. Alabama 

ARNOLD, JIM, Mechanic, HuntsviUe. Alabama. 

ATCHISON, JOHN W., Pvt, Bay Minette, Alabama 

AYCOCK, BERNARD G., Pvt, R.F.D. 8, Paris, Tennessee. 

BAILEY, ANDREW, Sfft, Bessemer, Alabama 

BAKER, McCLEVELAND, Pvt, Canoe, Alabama 

BALDRIDGE, ARTHUR E., Pvt, 382 Butler St. Memphis, Tenness^ 

BARCROFT, JOHN, Ist Sgrt, Brownsville. Tennessee. 

BARRON. ORAN. SsTt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

BELL. JOSEPH, Pvt. Oak Grove. Alabama 

BETHANY, ROGER H,. Pvt, Albany. Alabama 

BIRCH. WILL. Pvt. Red Star, Alabama 

BOOTH, LONNIE, Pvt. McCullouffh. Alabama 

BOUYER, MITCHELL, Pvt, Elba Alabama 

BOYINGTON, COLBERT W., Pvt, Robertsdale. Alabama. 

BRADLEY, RUFUS G.. Mechanic. Chatman. Alabama 

BRIGHTMAN, WILLET T., Pvt, HaynesviUe, Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 365 

BRIGHTWELL, ARTHUR, Pvt, Sellers, Alabama. 

BRUMLET, JAMES a, Pvt, Harvest, Alabama. 

BULXiARD, REX, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

BURGIN, JOSEPH A., Pvt., Bessemer, Alabama. 

BURNETT, HENRY L, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

BURNETT, USTRT, Corp., Bessemer, AlabamsL 

BURT, ALBERT, Pvt, Greenville, Alabama. 

BURT, HENRY O., Pvt, Greenville, Alabama. 

BURT, HERBERT, Pvt, Greenville, AlabamsL 

BUSH, AMOS, Pvt, Greenville, Alabama. 

CAMPBEUU WnxIAM E., Pvt, Talladegra, Alabama. 

CANOLiES, CARL, Pvt, 110 18th St, Bessemer, Alabama. 

CAPPSk ELIJAH, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

CASEY, HERBERT, Pvt, Oxark, Alabama. 

CHAVTS, MARVIN, Pvt, Black. Alabama. 

CHEATHAM, WnJLiIAM T., Pvt, Greenville, Alabama. 

CHILDRESS, REUBEN, Pvt, Chapman, Alabama. 

CHISM, CARLb Pvt, Calera, Alabama. 

COCHRAN, STEWART H., Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

COFFEE, CARL, Pvt, Yolande, Alabama. 

COKER, EUGENE, Pvt, Greenville. Alabama. 

cone:. CLAYTON, Pvt, Lagrangre, Georgria. 

COPEILAND, ROY N., Pvt, Mulberry, AlabamcL 

COSTELLO, JACKSON, Pvt, Tampa, Florida. 

COTTINGHAM, CHARLES J., Pvt, Ramer. Alabama. 

COULTER, GEORGE D., Pvt, HuntsviUe, Alabama. 

COW ART, VIR GHi^ Pvt, HuntsvUle, Alabama. 

CROSBY, WILLIS J., Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 

CROSS, ISAAC, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

CROSS, DAN. Pvt, Letohacbee, Alabama. 

DAVIS, DEWEY, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

DAVIS, NEWTON J., Pvt, Aderer, Alabama. 

DAVIS, PAUL W., Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

DAVIS, SAMUEL H., Pvt, Adflrer, Alabama. 

DAY, CARL C, Pvt, Lagrrange. Georgia. 

DAYTON, JAMES R, Pvt, 2208 Presmine St, Baltimore, Maryland. 

DEAN, RAYMOND, Sgrt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

DEITZ, ROSS, Sgrt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

DeVAUGHAN, SANFORD, Pvt, Claton, Alabama. 

DIXON. JOSEPH a., Pvt, Bromley, Alabama. 

DOCKERY, WILL^ Pvt, Brookwood. Alabama. 

E>OUGHTRY, COLUMBUS, Pvt, Georgiana, Alabama. 

r>OUGLASS, JOHN, Sfft, Bessemer, Alabama. 

EDWARDS, yflLLIAM H., Pvt, Flomaton, Alabama. 

BVANS, JO^X Pvt. Mobile, Alabama. 

FITZPATRICK, DeLOACH, Pvt, Ensley, Alabama. 

FLiIPPO. J^HN R, Pvt, Corona, Alabama. 

PORSHEK, BARNEY, Pvt, Clan ton. AlabamcL 

FtpWLK^, ROBERT, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

ANk£in, JOHNNIE, Pvt, Greenville, Alabama. 

AJ28ER, WILLIAM J., Pvt, Greenville. Alabama. 

ffeDICK, TATTU Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 

CEMAN, E. H, Corp.. Montevalo. Alabama. 
EKMAN, JOHN I., Corp., Bessemer, Alabama. 
GApJFFORD, STEPHEN F.. Pvt. Pratt City. Alabama. 
GA^STON, CLYDE L. Pvt, Birmingham. Alabama. 




366 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

GAUI.T* WILUAM C, Pvt., Huntsvllle, AlabaznaL 

GLAZS3, COLUMBUS C, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

GLOVER. OTBJSti, Prt, Jonesboro, Alabama. 

GODFREY. ANDREW J., Pvt. Ashford, Alabama. 

GOODWIN^ CHARLIE. PvL. Palmyra, Alabama^ 

GRAY. FRED, Pvt. Flomaton, Alabama 

GRAY, HAROLD J., Pvt, Albany, Alabama^ 

GRAY, JESSE 8., Prt, Ranffe, Alabama. 

GREENLEE, SAM, Prt, Epps, Alabama. 

GRUBBS, McTHIAS L., Pvt, Black, Alabama. 

GRUMBLES, DAVID, Pvt.. Liownsboro, Alabama 

HALL. VARNER, Sgrt, Blrmlnsrbam, Alabama. 

HARDY, ADRIEN F., Pvt., Brewton, Alabama 

HARPER, JAMBS, Pvt, Columniana, Alabama. 

HARRELI4 ROBERT D., Pvt. Applachicola, Florida 

HARRISON, THOMAS Ia. Pvt, Slocomb, Alabama 

HASTING. CHARLIE R. Pvt. PineviUe, Florida 

HATCHER, CLYDE, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabamiu 

HAYNES, PUGH, Pvt. Sandy Rldflre, Alabama 

HENDR ICK, JAMES C, Pvt, Montevalo, Alabama. 

HILL. RUFUS W., Pvt, Honoravllle. Alabama 

HIRES. EMMIT M., Pvt. Beatrice, Alabama. 

HIRES, HOMER R., Pvt, Beatrice, Alabama. 

HOLCOMB, BURGIN, Pvt, MeridenviUe, Tennessea 

HOLLAND, WILU Pvt, Sirees, Alabama 

HOLLEY, ALFRED, Pvt. Clanton, Alabama 

HOIiLOWELU LUTHER V., Pvt. Bessemer, Alabama. 

HOPE. BEN, Pvt. HuntsvlIIe, Alabama. 

HOWTON, rVBN, Pvt, Yolande. Alabama. 

HOWELL, RUEL R. Pvt, Bay Mlnette, Alabama 

HUBBARD. WILLIAM F., Pvt, Thompson, Alabama 

HUEY, TELMAN. Pvt, Quinton* Alabama 

HUGHES, CLARENCE M., Corp., Bessemer, Alabama. 

HURST, FRANK D.. Corp., Bessemer, AJPabamsL 

rVEY, REUBEN, Pvt, Chattanoogra, Tenneesea 

JACKSON. JEFFERSON R, Pvt, Clanton, Alabama. 

JOHNS. ALBERT L., Pvt, Brantley, Alabama 

JONES. CARLv Pvt, Bessemer. Alabama 

JONES, CLIFTON V., Pvt, Johns, Alabama. 

JONES, HENRY W., Pvt. Greenville. Alabama. 

JONES, MAIHUE B., Pvt, 962 Oak View, Memphis, Tennessea 

JONES. ROBERT, Cook, Jemison. Alabama. 

KENT, EARL R, Pvt, Memphis, Tennessea 

KIKER, HENRY, Pvt. Browns Station, Alabama 

KING, FRED L.. Pvt. McCalla, Alabama. 

KNIGHT. LEROY, Pvt. Dyas, Alabama 

KNIGHT, WALTER, Corp., Polaa, Alabama. 

KYSER, PERCY, Pvt, Canoe, Alabama. 

LANE, SAM E., Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

LANEY. ERNEST, Pvt, Ensley, Alabama. 

LANTRIP. HERMAN E., Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

LEAGUE, WILL, Pvt, Huntsville. Alabama 

LEE. JOSEPH, Pvt. Bay Minette, Alabama. 

LEE, SAM. Corp., Bessemer, Alabama. 

LEE, WILLIAM J., Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama 

LEWIS, JIMMIB O., Pvt. Sweetwater, Alabama 



COMPLETE ROSTER 367 

LEWIS, WORTH, BgU 1600 Berkley Ave.. Bessemer. Alabama. 

LIVIN08T0N, WILLIAM GRADY, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

IX)CKHART, JOHN T., Pvt, Clanton. Alabama. 

LOCKHART, ZER, Pvt, Clanton, Alabama. 

LOTD, ROT W., Corp., Eusley, Alabama. 

McANALLT, ERNEST O., Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 

McCORKLi; JOHN A., Pvt, Columbia, Alabama. 

McCREART, ERNEST R, Pvt, Beatrice, Alabama. 

McDANIEU JAMBS W., Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

McFOOLBSONO, FRANK P., Pvt, Mempbis, Tennessee. 

McOILLk JOHN H., Pvt, Flomaton« Alabama. 

McQUI RB, FRED, Corp., Bessemer, Alabama. 

McKINNET, JOHN, Pvt, Coopers, Alabama. 

McLANE, JIM W., Mechanic, Ensley, Alabama. 

MANNING, MALACHI, Mechanic, Foley, Alabama. 

MARIANI, JAKE G., Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

MARLAR, HERBERT, Pvt, Geor^iana, Alabama. 

MARONA, LEE, Corp., Sulphur Sprlngrs, Georgrla. 

MARVIN, CHARLES O., Pvt, Cullman, Alabama. 

MASTIN, GEORGE C, Pvt, Fort Deposit, Alabama. 

MARTIN, PHILIP, Pvt, Huntsville, Alabama. 

MASON, JAMES T., Sgrt, Huntsville, Alabama. 

MATHE WS, H ARDY E., Pvt, Geneva, Alabama. 

MAYES, TURNER, Pvt, Huntsville, Alabama. 

MAYS, HENRY, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabamiu 

MERRITT, WARREN Ia, Buff., Bessemer, Alabama. 

MILLER, ISOM, Pvt, Plevna* Alabama. 

MILLER, GUY, Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

MIT CHET Ji, CLARENCE E., Pvt, New Decatur, Alabama. 

MITCHELU LEONARD, Pvt, Robertsdale, Alabama. 

MOORER, JOHN W., Cook, Bay Mlnette, Alabama. 

MOORER, MINTER M., Pvt, Bay Mlnette, Alabama. 

MORGAN, THOMAS W., Pvt, Montiromery, Alabama. 

MORRIS, JOE, Pvt, Alabama City, Alabama. 

MORRISON, JOHN, Corp., Bessemer, Alabama. 

MOTT, WILLIAM D., Pvt, Selma, Alabama. 

MURRAY, ERNEST, Pvt, Camp Hill, Alabama. , 

NAYLOR* WILBUR C, Pvt, Route 2, Box 219, Bessemer, Alabama. 

NAYLOR, WILLIAM CLYDE, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

NERRENy FRANK, Pvt, Huntsville. Alabama. 

NERREN, SAM. Pvt, Huntsville, Alabama. i 

NEWTON, CLAUDE W., Pvt, Pulaski, Tennessee. 

NEWTON, ROY, Pvt, Decatur, Alabama. ; 

NICHOLSON, HARVE, Pvt, Hopewell, Alabama. ) 

NILES, WILFRED, Sgrt, Bessemer, Alabama. | 

NORRIS, CLAUDE M., Sgrt, Honoraville, Alabama. 

OGLESBY, JIM, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. i 

ONEAL, MORRIS. Pvt, Huntsville, Alabama. 

OVERTON, HOMER B, Pvt, Huntsville. Alabama. 

OVERTON, VERNON D., Pvt, Huntsville, Alabama. 

PARKER, SLOAN, Pvt, Clanton, Alabama. 

PARSONS, CEE, Cook, Johns, Alabama. j 

PETEETE, OAKLEY, Pvt, Tyson, Alabama. j 

PEfrBRSON, CHARLIE C, Pvt, Greenville, AlabamsL 

P]|TTY, PAUL, Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama. 

FlCKEU ROBERT, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 



368 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

PINKARD, CHARLES D., Prt, Memphis, Tennesaee. 
POSST, 8BAB, Pvt., Besaemer, Alabama. 
POC7NDS, WILXiIS B., Pvt» Clanton, Alabama. 
POWBLL^ FRANK A., BgL, Bessemer* Alabama. 
PRICB, JAMBS W., Pvt» HuntsviUe, Alabama. 
RBTNOIiDS. WAIiLACB, Corp., Bessemer. Alabama. 
RIDNBR» BBN C, Pvt., HuntsviUe, Alabama. 
RIQSBT, HORACB, Prt, Oeorffiana. Alabama. 
ROBBRT8, OPAL H., Pvt, Huntaville, Alabama. 
ROQBRS» FRBD, Bert., Ensley, Alabama. 
ROGERS* ROBERT, Ensley, Alabama. 
ROLLAN, C C, Pvt., Clanton, Alabama. 
ROMANO, JOB. Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 
ROPER* JERRY, Pvt, Ft Deposit, Alabama. 
ROPER, JOHNST O., Pvt, Honoraville, Alabama. 
ROY, NEWTON W., Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 
ROY, WILU Sgrt, Morgan, Alabama. 
RUFF, AUSTIN. Corp., 1912 Ave. F, Ensley, Alabama. 
RUSSELU BARNEY, Pvt, Yolande, Alabama. 
RUSSELU 8. T., Pvt, Kimbrougrh, Alabama. 
SATIFIELD, ALBERT, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 
SATIFIELD, KIRK, Pvt, HuntsviUe, Alabama. 
SAMPLEY, JAMES K, Pvt, HonoraviUe, Alabama. 
SAWYER, ROBERT D., Pvt, Bessemer, AlabamsL 
SCOTT, CHESTER K., Pvt, OreenviUe, Alabama. 
SHINOLEBAR, HENRY B.. Pvt, Albany. Alabams. 
SHIRLEY, ALONZO S., Pvt, Clanton. Alabama. 
SLINKBR, JESSH Pvt* Bessemer, Alabama. 
SMITH. HARRY, Pvt, Bessemer. Alabama. 
SPEAKES, BERNICB, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 
SPENCE, LEONARD. Pvt, Brewton. Alabama. 
STAOOS. ROBERT, Pvt, Maxine, Alabama. 
STEWART, OSIE C, Pvt, Flinvllle, Tennessee. 
SULLIVAN, JAMES C, Pvt, Mt Vernon. Alabama. 
SULLIVAN. JOHN L. Pvt, HuntsviUe. Alabama. 
SYPHURS, HERMAN O., Pvt. Bessemer. Alabama. 
TATUM. ERNEST F., Pvt. Deatsvllle. Alabama. 
TESKE. AMOS, Pvt, Coal Valley, Alabama. 
THEEDE, WILLIAM. Pvt. Memphis. Tennessee. 
THOMLEY. JOSEPH W., Pvt, Perdido, Alabama. 
THROWYER. LAWRENCE. Pvt. Flomaton. Alabama. 
TIDWELLv GIDEON, Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 
TURNER. ISAAC J., Pvt, Red Level, Alabama. 
TURNER, ROBERT J., Pvt. BllUngsly. Alabama. 
TURNER, RUFUS, Pvt, Bllllnersly. Alabama. 
VANN. ROBERT. Pvt, HuntsviUe. Alabama. 
WATSON, MITCHELL* Pvt, Jonesboro, Arkansas. 
WALKER. JOHN R, Pvt, Paris, Tennessee. 
WALLER. TOM, Pvt, Honoravllle, Alabama. 
W^EIR, WILLIE, Pvt. Bessemer. Alabama. 
WHEELER, WILLIE F., Pvt. Bessemer. Alabama. 
WHITED. HOMER. Pvt. Bessemer, Alabama. 
WHITEHEAD. SAM, Pvt. Bessemer. Alabama. 
WINDHAM. SAMUEL C. Pvt, Oakland, Alabama. 

^ILCOX, CURTIS P., Pvt. Mobile, Alabama. 

^ILLBANKS. ROLGIER, Pvt, Walnut, MlssissippL 



COMPLETE ROSTER 369 

WOODRUFF. ALTO, Pvt, Mt WiUlnar. Alabama. 
WOODS, OSCAR I*, Pvt, Coal Valley, Alabama. 
WOOLET, KNOX B., Pvt. Montevalo, Alabama. 
WORSHAM, James B., Pvt, Camilla, Georgrla. 
TANSET, CLAUD, Cook, Huntsville, Alabama. 
TOUNG, JOHN O., Sfft, Blrmingrham, Alabama. 

Company E 

Capt. ETBRBTTE3 H. JACKSON, 120 Madison Ave., Montgomery, Ala. 

1st Lieat. RAYMOND R. BROWN, 136 Fifth Ave. W., Decatur. Alabama. 

1st Ltent. CULVmSl H. "WHITCOMB, 4S6 a Water St, Wichita, Kansaa 

2d lilent* JOHN J. ADAMS, B07 McKtnney St, Ennis, Texaa 

2d Lleot. HOXIB N. FAIRCHILD, S3 W. 12th St. New York, N. Y. 

2d Licvt. GEOR6BS PROCTOR HINBS, Aldorf, Texas. 

2d Lieut. ROBERT 8. BOOKMAN, 30 W. 70th St, New York, N. Y. 

ADAMS, FRANK, Pvt, Ann 3d W. California St, Mobile, Alabama. 

ADCOCE:, JIM, Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama. 

ALLEN, LAFAYETTE G., Pvt, Memphis, Tennessee. 

ALBES, JOHN H., Pvt, Decatur, Alabama. 

ANDEIRSON, ROBERT L., Pvt, 2179 Madison Ave., Memphis, Tennessee. 

BAILEY, CHARLIE W., Pvt, Butte, AlabamsL 

BARBER, DEWEY, Pvt, Athens, Alabama. 

BARBER. GAINES A., Pvt, Silas, Alabama. 

BARNES; CHARLIE A., Pvt, Opp, Alabama. 

BAXLEY, PURVIS, Pvt, Paxton. Florida. 

BENNETT, WILLIAM J., Pvt, 1021 S. Hull St, Montgomery, Alabama. 

BIGGS, OLEN D., Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama. 

BLASINGAME, SIDNEY R, Pvt, 818 Randolph St. Montflromery, AIcl 

BLACKWEIJU SAM H., Corp., 2d Ave., Albany, Alabama. 

BLACK, SAM, Pvt, 1st class, Albany. Alabama. 

BOOKER, GUY, Cook, Route B, Evergrreen, Alabama. 

BRANDENBERG, HENRY Ia, Pvt, Mont- Vernon. Alabama. 

BREWER, WILLIAM R., Pvt, Brooklyn, Alabama. 

BROWN, NATHAN P., Pvt, 1st class, Ardmore, Tennessee. 

BUNCH, RICHARD, Pvt, 101 6th Ave., Albany, Alabama. 

BURSON, HERBERT L. Pvt, 114 8d St, Montsromery, AlabamcL 

BUXTON, EARLIE V.. Pvt, Selma, Alabama. 

BYFORD, ANDREW W., Sgrt, Albany, Alabama. 

BYRD, LAWRENCE Y., Pvt, 801 S. 80th St, Birmingham. Alabama. 

CALLAHAN, JAMES E., Pvt, 878 3, 8d St, Memphis, Tennessee. 

CAMP, JOHN S., Cook, Decatur. Alabama. 

CAMPBELL^ SMITH, Pvt, Ardmore, Tennessee. 

CLARDY. BEN J.. Pvt, Moulton. Alabama. 

CLARK. JACK B.. Pvt, Dees Park. Alabama. 

CLEMENTS. HUGH. Pvt, Hartselle. Alabama. 

COATE. LESTER L, Pvt. Grove Hill. Alabama. 

COBB, RUPUS F., Pvt, Brooklyn, Alabama. 

COESENS. FREDERICK. Pvt, Foley, Alabama. 

COKER. JAMES W., Pvt. Prichard. Alabama. 

COLE. KIRBY, Pvt. Harvest Alabama. 

CONWAY. CLARENCE W., Pvt. Cartwrigrht, Alabama. 

CROOK. DAVID W.. Corp.. Albany, Alabama. 

DAMERON. ALEX L. Pvt. 6 Washington Ave.. Mobile. Alabama. 

DAVIS. IRA W., Pvt. Mobile, Alabama. 

DENNIS, DOLPHUS R, Pvt, Florala, Alabamiu 



370 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

DBRRICK» IRA BL, PrL, Onrley. Alabama. 
DBSMOND, NICK J.. Pvt, 914 a Broad St.. Mobile. Alabama. 
De WINTER, EULJB C. 14 Blair Ave.. Mobile, Alabama. 
DIXON. JESSIS, Pyt.. 206 St Micbael St. Mobile. Alabama. 
DONEI^ CORBETT R., Pvt. Decatur. Alabama. 
DII^ TURNER. Pvt. Mobile. Alabama. 
DOVE. JOHN A. Pvt, Tracy City. Tennessee. 
DOWNING. CARL B.« Pvt. Ardmore. Tennesseeu 
DOWNING. RUBY M.. Pvt. Ardmore. Tennessee. 
DOWNS. EVANS. Pvt, Clanton. Alabama* 
DRAKE. LESLIE E., Pvt, 1st class. 4th Ave. South. Albany. AlabAm 
DRIVER. LETUS V., Pvt. Route No. 8. Cullman. Alabama. 
DRTSDALE. HARRY H.. Pvt, SOS Broad St. Selma« Alabama. 
DUBOSB. WILLIAM G.. Pvt. Florala. Alabama. 
DUNN. IRA L.. Pvt, Pine Hill. Alabama. 
DUNNING. JAMES N.. Pvt. ThomasvlUe. Alabama. 
DUTTO. BRYAN M., Pvt Ist class. Huntsville. Alabama. 
EAGEB; CHRISTIAN C, Corp.. Birmingham, Alabama. 
EARLY. ZENO, Pvt. Laurel Hill. Florida. 
EASTERWOOD. CLARENCE. Sfft. Huntsville, Alabama. 
EATON. HERBERT, Pvt, Moulton. Alabama. 
ELEY. CLAYTON. Pvt, 62 Mobile St. Montgomery, Alabama. 
ERWIN. FRANK R, 1st Sfft, SOS 6th Ave. North. Albany. Alabama. 
FEENEY, MICHAEL P.. Pvt. Mobile. Alabama. 
FENN, OLIJE R., Pvt, Hartselle. Alabama. 

FERGUSON, GRADY B., Pvt, R.F.D. No 1, Baush, Tennessee. 
FLETCHER, HERNDON. Pvt, Mobile. Alabama. 
FLEMMING, HUGH B., Pvt. Elbridffe, Tennessee. 
FRANKLIN. MILLARD N., Pvt, Lockhart Alabama. 
FREE, JOHN EI, Florala, Alabama. 
FREE, JOSEPH J., Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
GANNON. TILLMON, Pvt, Huntsville, Alabama. 
GARRETT, BULLY, Opp. Alabama. 
GARRETT, JASPER C, Pvt, Lockhart, Alabama* 
GASKIN. JAMES A, Pvt, Laurel Hill, Alabama. 
GEBHARDT, EDWARD, Pvt, 606 a Jefferson St. Mobile^ Alabama. 
GEBHARDT, WARD, Pvt, 606 3. Jefferson St, Mobile, Alabama. 
GIDDEONSk BURY B.. Pvt, Paxton, Florida. 
GLOVER, LEO M., Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 

GOLDBERG, HARRY, Pvt, 17 Elisabeth St, Montgomery. Alabama. 
GOODMAN, ALLEN J., Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
GOODMAN, CHARLIE R, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
GOVER. JESSIE. Pvt, Falkville, Alabama. 
GRADY, HOWARD J., Pvt, Decatur. Alabama. 
GREEN. VINTON R., Pvt, Silas, AUbama. 
GREGORY, JAMES R, Pvt, Whalley. Alabama. 
GRIMES, DEWEY L, Pvt, Laurel Hill, Florida. 
GRIMES, GRADY R, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
GWIN, ROBERT E., Pvt, Walker Springs. Alabama. 
HADAWAY. RICHARD D.. Pvt. Lanett Alabama. 
HAGGENMACKER, LUTHER. Pvt. Athens, Alabama. 
HAMBRICK, WILLIAM M.. Corp.. Huntsville, Alabama. 
HANSON. GEORGE W., Pvt. 41 S Walnut St. Denver. Colorado. 
HARDING. SCOTT W.. Pvt, Franklin and Calhoun Sta. Mobile, Alabast 
^A.RDY. THOMAS A., Pvt. 11« Mildred St, MontfiTomery. Alabama. 
OIRIS. FLAVB F., Pvt, Arlington. Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 371 

HARRIS^ WALTER H., Pvt, 101 Lyons St, Mobile, Alabama. 

HBARN. ANDREW J., Pvt. Prichard, Alabama. 

HSARN, HENRY T., Pvt. Prlchard. Alabama. 

HEINBi ROBERT 1m, Pvt, Cottaero Hill. Alabama. 

HENDRIX. HERBERT H., Pvt. Mobile, Alabama. 

HENDRDC, LESTER B.. Prt, WhlsUer. Alabama. 

HSTTHCOAT* JESSIE, Pvt. Decatur, Alabama. 

HTTJ^ WILLIAM H., Pvt, Winchester, Tennessee. 

HINOTE, GROVER C, Pvt, Milllffan, Florida. 

HOLBSAPPLE, COLE F., Prt, Albany, Alabama. 

HOWELIv RALPH, Prt, Evergreen, Alabama. 

HUNT. EDWARD L, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 

HURST, WALTER R, Pvt, Albany, Alabama. 

HYLAND, DENNIS, Pvt, Bay Ave., Mobile, Alabama.* 

JAGQER8, WILLIAM R, Pvt, Ist class, Cullman, Alabama. 

JARVIS, WILLIAM Q.. Pvt, Allen, Alabama. 

JONES, DANIEL R, Pvt, 31 Buford St, Montgomery, Alabama. 

JONESk JOHN R, Pvt, 702 McDonouffh St, Montgomery, Alabama. 

JONES, LAURIE T., Pvt, 1st class, SOO Oak Ave., HuntsvlUe. Alabama. 

JONBIS, LEMMIE C. Pvt. Corona, Alabama. 

JONES, McCLUSKY M., Pvt. 2S1 Herron St, Monteromery, Alabama. 

JONES, RUFUS, Pvt, 702 McDonouffh St. Montgomery, Alabama. 

JONBS, WILLIAM E., Pvt, Prichard, Alabama. 

JO'WJSRB, JACK, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 

KELLT, NICK A, Sgt. Toney, Alabama. 

KIKKLAND, RALPH. Pvt, Opp. Alabama. 

KRATZER, KIT C, Pvt, Lamison, Alabama. 

LANE, JAMES A, Pvt, 1st class. IS Adams St, HuntsviUe, Alabama. 

UiZENBY, JOSEPH R, Pvt. 121st St, Thomas Station, Alabama. 

LEES. GEORGE. Pvt, 106 Palmetto St, Mobile, Alabama. 

LEWIS, CLARENCE &, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 

LEWIS, JOHN L, Pvt, Decatur, Alabama. 

LOTT. ADOLPHUS, Corp., Hartselle, Alabama. 

LOTT, GEORGE M., Pvt, 728 Selma St, Mobile, Alabama. 

LOWBRY. BONNIE T., Pvt, Belden, MlssissippL 

LUCnS, JOHN F., Pvt, Whatley, Alabama. 

McCORD, ROSCOE M., Pvt, Slate Springs, MississlppL 

McCOY, AUBRY, Pvt. Silas, Alabama. 

McCRORY, JOSEPH M., Pvt, 614 6th Ave. W., Albany, Alabama. 

Mcdonald. EDWARD H, Pvt, 967 & Dearborn St, Mobile, AUbama. 

McFARLAND, Pvt, Grove Hill, Alabama. 

McGregor, WIL LIAM R, Pvt, 204 E. vine St, Decatur, Alabama 

McMULLBN, WILLIAM R, S^t, 202 Lincoln a, HunUviUe. Alabama. 

MoNAQ. ALBERT H.. Pvt, Cullman, Alabama. 

McNBRNEY, ROBERT, Pvt, 662 Broad St. Mobile, Alabama. 

McNERNEY, THOMAS W., Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 

McSWEBN, JOHN, Pvt, Florala, AUbama. 

MAHO NEY. JAMES F.. Pvt, 168 Charleston St, Mobile, Alabama. 

MAIN, CURTIS, Pvt, 818 N. McDonough St, Montgomery, Alabama. 

MALONE, JAMES T., Pvt, Athens. Alabama. 

MARLIN, WALTON C, Pvt, Toney, Alabama. 

MARSALk MARCELINO, Pvt. 401 Augusta St, Mobile, Alabama 

MAXWELU WILLIAM M., Pvt, Albany. Alabama. 

MAYTON, JAMES, Pvt, Thomasville, Alabama. 

MAYTON, THOMAS K., Pvt, Thomasville, Alabama. 

MEANS, WILLIE D., Pvt, Decatur, Alabama. 



Z72 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

MIMS, ARTHUR Lu. Prt., Florala, Alabama. 
MITTCHBLIa CORBET. Pvt, Bellemlna, Alabama^ 
MOTT, ROY A., Pvt, 114 Mechanic St, Selma, Alabama. 
MULX.EN. JOHNNIE, Pvt, Contl and Franklin Bta, Mobiteb Atabanwi 
NEGUS, GRAHAM R., Pvt, 607 a Lawrence St, Mobile, Alabama. 
NEWBOLD, WILLIAM IL, Pvt, 754 a Lindon St, Mobile^ Alabama 
NICHOLS, EDWIN P., Pvt, Mooreavllle, Alabama. 
NORSWORTHT, ALLEN R, Pvt, Brewton. Alabama. 
OLSEN, JOHN R, Pvt, S61 S. Conception St. Mobile, Alabama. 
PATE, STEPHEN N., Pvt, 201 S. 20th St, Birmingham, Alabama 
PAUL, MURPHT J., Pvt, Paxton, Florida. 
PEACOCK, WILLIAM A. Pvt, Laurel Hill, Florida. 
PENLAND, DAVID A., Pvt. Triana, Alabama. 
PHILLIPS, DOUGLAS L., Pvt, Talladeera, Alabama. 
PIERCY, WALTER F., Pvt, RF.D. No. 1, Box 182, Memphis, Tenneste« 
POLLENITZ, JULIUS L, Pvt, Rembert Alabama. 
POOL, MILTON W., Pvt, 266 Conception St. Mobile. Alabama. 
PORTERFIELD, CLTDB F., Pvt, ThomasviUe, Alabama. 
POWELL, WILLIAM B., Pvt, Bayou La Batre, Alabama. 
PRESTWOOD, LOUIS M., Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama. 
PUGH. JOHNNIE, Pvt, Grove Hill, Alabama. 
QUALLS, DOZIER D., Pvt, Laurel Hill, Florida. 
RABBT, HENRY T., Pvt. Mobile, Alabama. 
RABOUN» ALBERT G., Pvt, ThomasvlUe. Alabama. 
RAGESDALB, ERNEST C, Sert, Albany, Alabama. 
RAGSDALE, JOE T.. Mechanic, Albany, Alabama. 
ROLLINGS, WALTER, Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
ROSS, PHILIP a, Pvt, 401 Gorden Drive West Albany* Alabama. 
SANDERSON, JIMMIE, Pvt, RF.D. No. 8, Athens, Alabama. 
SCHAFFER, JOHN F., Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 
SCHWBND, GEORGE, 62 Pleasant Ave., Montgomery, Alabama. 
SCOTT, TADE, Pvt, Huntsvllle, Alabama. 

BHANHOLTZER, GEORGE L., Pvt, P.O. Box 68, Deer Park, Alabama 
SHARER. GUY C, Cook, BrooksviUe, Alabama. 
SHERRILL, BEVE B., Pvt, Moulton, Alabama. 
SINGLETON, JOSEPH T. Pvt, Grove Hill. Alabama. 
SINGLETON. WIT W., Pvt,. Wetumpka, Alabama. 
SMITH, CHARLES L., Sfft, 820 Gorden Drive, Albany, Alabama. 
SMITH. JOHN W., Pvt, Grove Hill, Alabama. 
SMITH, LEE, Pvt, Hartselle, Alabama. 
SMITH, SHARP, Pvt, Obion, Tennessee. 
SNELL, CLIFFORD J., Pvt, Grove Hill, Alabama. 
SNELL, WILLIAM C, Pvt, Grove Hill. Alabama. 
SNOW. JAMES T.. Pvt, Brewton. Alabama. 

SNYDER, EDWARD. Pvt, Kahn's Brick Yard, Selma, Alabama. 
SOUTHERN, WILLIAM B., Pvt, let class. Albany. Alabama. 
SPENCER, EDWARD, Pvt, Mobile. Alabama. 
SPOONER, WILLIAM B.. Pvt. Florala, Alabama. 
STEQALL. JESSIE J., Pvt, R.F.D. No. 1. Pensacola, Florida. 
STOCKTON, FRANK R., Pvt, Albany, Alabama. 
STUBBLEFIELD, WILLIAM, Pvt, Memphis, Tennessee. 
STUCKY. WILLIAM C. Pvt. Garland. Alabama. 
SWAN, CLIFTON. Pvt. Silas, Alabama. 

^ACKETT, LOUIE. Pvt. Decatur, Alabama. ^ 

VRDY, EDWIN. Pvt, Mohllo. Al-hama. ' 

UBE. SAMUEL, Pvt, Mobile, AJal.ania. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 373 

TAYLOR, AMOS R, Pvt. Tibbie, Alabama. 
TAYLOR, CLAY, Pvt. 806 A St, Huntsville, Alabama. 
TAYLOR. FRANK J., Pvt, Bay Ave. 2 West Mobile, Alabama. 
TEW, CHARLES E., Pvt, Gayle and Qanlty Sta., Mobile, Alabama. 
TEW, HENRY H., Mobile, Alabama. 
THROWER, CHALMERS, Pyt, Mobile, Alabama. 
TISDALE, HENRY L, Pvt, Opp, Alabama. 
TOLBERT, PERRY, Pvt, Evergrreen, Alabama. 

TOM, CLARENCE R., Pvt, 138 MisslBsippi St, Memphis, Tennessee. 
TREVETT, CHARLES C, Pvt, 1312 Nesie St, Memphis, Tennessee. 
TROUPE, LEE, Pvt, Ward Ave. East, Huntsvllle, Alabama. 
TRUDEAU, ADRIAN, Pvt, Herbert. Alabama. 
UPSHAW, RUEL, Pvt, Cullman, Alabama. 

VANTREESE, EUGENE C, 1327 6th Ave. South, Albany, Alabama. 
WALDO, GUY B„ Pvt, Port St Joe, Florida. 
WALKER, HARVEY C, Pvt, Samson, Alabama. 
WALKER, SAM, Pvt, Roanoke, Alabama. 

WALTERS, LORENZO D., Pvt, R.F.D. No. 2, Montgomery, Ala;bama. 
WARNER, MARION D., Pvt, Ouett, Mississippi. 
WARREN, DOTT A, Corp., Ehrergrreen, Alabama. 
WATKINS, JAMES A., Pvt, Athens, Alabama. 
WATKINS, JOHN R.. Pvt, Selma, Alabama. 
W^EIR, WILLIAM A, Pvt, Prattevllle, Alabama. 
WHITE, JOHN J., Pvt, MobUe, Alabama. 
WIDEMAN, ROSCOE H., Pvt, Central, Alabama. 
WILDES, EARL L, Pvt, 146 E. Georgia Ave., Memphis, Tennessee. 
WILKINSON. JOHN D., Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 
WILLIAMS, THOMAS E., Pvt, Decatur, Alabama. 
W^ILLINGHAM, ALBERT L, R.F.D. No. 1, Danville, Alabama. 
WINCHESTER, GEORGE, Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 
WORLEY, EARL C, Corpl, Decatur, Alabama. 

WRIGHT, GERALD O., Pvt, 1406 6th Ave. South. Albany, Alabama. 
YARBROUGH, CLARENCE M., Pvt, Selma, Alabama. 
YATES. CLARENCE E., Pvt 1st .class, 226^ Moulton St Eajst, Albany. 
Alabama. 

Company F 

Captain FREDEBICK L, WYATT, 241 R 8th St, Gadsden, Alabama. 

1st Llevti LOUIS GREET, Oadsden, Alabama. 

lat Lleat. SAMUEL WIElfBRt Duluth, Minnesota. 

2d Ltevt. JAMES A. WEBB* Birmingham. Alabama. 

2d Llent. ALTON P. WOODS, Boston, Massachusetts. 

2d Llent. WAFWICK POTTER* Smlthtown. New York. 

ABLES, CRAWFORD ZL, Pvt, Gadsden. Alabama. 

ADAMS; HALBERT, Pvt.. Nauvoo. Alabama. 

ADAMS, JOE F., Pvt, Lanett Alabama. 

ADKISON, KNICHE D., Pvt, DeFunlak Springs, Florida. 

AIKEN. CHESTER E.. Pvt, Cordova, Alabama. 

ALEXANDER, GEORGE, Pvt, Columbus, Georeria. 

ALLEN, LOYD, Pvt, Lanett, Alabama. 

ALLEY, CARL G., Cook, Attalla, Alabama. 

ANDREWS. J. C, Pvt, Lanett, Alabama. 

ARRINGTON, WILLIAM D., Pvt, 1st class. Murry Cross, Alabama. 

AUTREY, EVANS. Pvt, Flatwood, Alabama. 

AUTREY. LESLIE W.. Pvt, Lamlaen, Alabama. 

B-'MT-T''^. .T'''H\^ V."., Corp., fir.clscVn, AlRbaraa. 



374 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

BAXJSR, ROBERT H., Prt, Gkidsden, Alabama. 
BARNBTT. HOMBR, Pvt. Oadaden, AUbama. 
BATCHELOR, HARRT H., Pvt. Lanett, Alabama. 
BATBSt JOHNNIE C. Mach., Keener, Alabama. 
BECKHAM, THOMAS V., Pvt. Dothan, Alabama. 
BENTON, EDWIN J., Buffler, Oadsden, Alabama. 
BINION. EUGENE M., Pvt, Selma, Alabama. 
BLACKWOOD, CHAMPION R., Pirt., Oadsden, Alabama. 
BOONE, C C, Pvt, Sylacauflra* Alabama. 
BRANTON, WILLIAM T., Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
BREWER, OEOROE, Pvt, Russellvllle, Alabama. 
BROWN, WALTER Ia, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
BRUNER, CHARLIE C, Pvt, Asbford, Alabama. 
BRUNER, JOHN D., Pvt, Ashford. Alabama. 
BULLIS, CLAYTON R., Pvt, Oadsden, Alabama. 
CAMPBELL, HARRY, Pvt, Oadsden, Alabama. 
CARGILU OLANDO Q., Pvt, Eufaula, Alabama. 
CARROLU ALVIN C, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
CHAPMAN, WILLIAM H., Pvt, Ensley, Alabama. 
CHRISTOPHER, WALTER, Pvt. Gadsden, Alabama. 
CLEM, JOHNSON, Pvt, Glass, Alabama. 
CLEMENTS; DAN J., Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
CLEMENTS, SYLVESTER, Pvt, Geneva, Alabama. 
CLEVELAND, PRESLEY, Corj)., Selma, Alabama. 
COCKE, HENRY Y., Pvt, Blrmlngrham, Alabama. 
COKER, JOHN T., Pvt, Leesburff, Alabama. 
COOPER, HOWARD G., Sgt, Gadsden, Alabama. 
COOPER, WILLIAM J., Pvt, Alabama City, Alabama. 
CORK, JESSIE, Pvt, Tuscaloosr, Alabama. 
COX, ASHBURN F., Pvt, Lanett Alabama. 
CROWDER, LESTER D., Pvt, Lanett Alabama. 
DAILEY, CLAUD L., Pvt, Vance, Alabama. 
DALE, JOHN R., Pvt, Oadsden, Alabama. 
DANDRIDGB, W. B., Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
DAVIS, GEORGE S., Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 
DAVIS, WILLIAM F., Pvt, Lockbart Alabama. 
DILL, BELAND, Pvt, Cordova, Alabama. 
DODD, JASPER A., Pvt, Russellvllle, Alabama. 
DONALDSON* THOMAS J., PVt, Opp, Alabama. 
DOUGHTIE, PORTER R., Pvt, Eufaula, Alabama. 
DRAKE, JOHN C, Cook, AtUlla, Alabama. 
DUKE, JOSEPH W., Pvt, Cullman, Alabama. 
EATON. JAMES W., Pvt, CamiUa, Georgia. 
ELMORE, HENRY, Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
EMMONS. WILL. Pvt, Jay, Florida. 
ENGLBBERT, CHARLES a, Pvt, Holt Alabama. 
EPPS, JAMES G., Pvt, Oneaniah, Alabama. 
ESSARY, MARVIN a. Pvt, Greensboro, Alabama. 
ESSARY, SILAS G., Pvt, Greensboro, Alabama. 
EVANS. JOHN. Pvt. Brewton, Alabama. 
EVERETT. MALLIB L.. Pvt. Florala, Alabama. 
FARLEY, JAMES C, Pvt, Northport Alabama. 
FAULK, GROVER B.. Pvt, Dothan. Alabama. 
FAULK, PLEZ. C, Pvt, Dothan. Alabama. 
FERGUSON. THOMAS E., Pvt. Attalla, Alabama. 
FIELDING. JESSIE N.. Pvt. Ochlocknee. Georgia. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 375 

FLOYD, MATUiCWS, Pvt, IJnevllle, Alabama. 
F08TBR, FRANK Li., Pvt, East Thomas, Alabama. 
F08TBR, WESTLBT B., Pyt» Lanett, Alabama. 
FRAZIBR, THOMAS M., Pvt.. Union Sprinffs, Alabama. 
FREEMAN, IRVIN, Pvt, Lanett, Alabama. 
GAFFORD. ZEAK R., Pvt., Holt, Alabama. 
GAMMON, CHARLIE, Pvt, Cordova, Alabama. 
GARRETT, DAN P., Corp^ Gadsden, Alabama. 
GEORGE^ HENRY H., Pvt, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 
6ERTSEI4 HENRY, Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 
GILBRBLA^TH, JTTNIOUS, Pvt, Sylvania, Alabama. 
GLEN, PERRY A., Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
GOODBi FRANK, Pvt. Lipscomb, Alabama. 
GOS£r, JAMBS W., Pvt, Piedmont, Alabama. 
GRAMLING, JOHN, Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 
GRAMMAR, EARL^ Pvt, Brookwood, Alabama. 
GRAY, CUE G., Pvt, Hockaday, Alabama. 
GRAY, TOLBERT H., Pvt, Lanett, Alabama. 
GR EEN, JOHNNIE, Pvt, Guntersville, Alabama. 
GRIFFIN, CARL H.. S^t, Gadsden, Alabama. 
GROGAN, JULIUS, Pvt, Talladega, Alabama. 
GULLEDGE, HENRY M., Pvt, Center, Alabama. 
GWIN, PAUL Lb, Corp., Gadsden, Alabama. 
HALLb ROBERT, Pvt, Warsaw, Florida. 
HAMAKER, OTTO, Pvt, Benait, Alabama. 
HAMMETT, JULIUS, Pvt, Jacksonville, Alabama. 
HAMMETT, WALTER, Pvt. Pallas, Alabama. 
HARKINS^ LONNIE, Pvt, Rogers Mill. Alabama. 
HARLE8S, LEE D., Sflrt, Gadsden, Alabama. 
HARRINGTON. JAMES C. Pvt, Lineville, Alabama. 
HARRIS* MILLER. Cook, Gadsden, Alabama. 
HARRISON, JOHN, Pvt, Ft Deposit, Alabama. 
HATCHER, CLAYTON A., Pvt, Headland. Alabama. 
HAWIE, ASHAD G., Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 
HAYES, HUBERT, Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
HEATH, ROBERT, Pvt, Marbury, Alabama. 
HERRING, SHANNON C. Pvt, Lanett, Alabama. 
HICKS, OTHEMA, Pvt, 1st class. Gadsden, Alabama, 
HILU BROCK, Pvt, Attalla, Alabama. 
HOCKADAY, ANDREW C, Pvt, Birmingham, Alat>ama. 
HODGE^ WALTER, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
HOLLEY, GROVER C, Pvt, Lawley, Alabama. 
HOLLOWAY. WILLIE. Pvt. Shelby, AUbama. 
HUOGINS, JOHN H., Pvt. Mountain Creek. Alabama. 
HUNT, R H., Sfft, Gadsden, Alabama. 
JACKSON, MILLARD F., Corp., Pine Apple. Alabama. 
JACKSON, WILLIE L., Pvt. Ashford. Alabama. 
JARVIS. JOHN B., Pvt. Kincey. Alabama. 
JOHNSON, ERNEST, Pvt, Enterprise. Alabama. 
JONES, RICHARD A., Lockhart, Alabama. 
JONBS» BURU Pvt, Lineville, Alabama. 
JONES. WALTER lb, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
KEENio, TAYLOR, Pvt, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 
KEMP, dJNTON. Pvt. Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 
KENNEDY. ARTHUR J., Pvt, Bradford, Alabama. 
KNIGHT. JOSEPH L.. Pvt. Ensley. Alabama. 



376 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

XjAND, ROBERT R., Pvt., Blrminarbam, Alabama. 
LiAROIN, JAMBS C, Pvt, Vance, Alabama. 
LEACH, aiLfES, Pvt, MontfiTomery, Alabama. 
LEE, WIIjLIAM Lw, Pvt, Qeorerlana, Alabama. 
LOGAN, WALTER J., Pvt, Ist class, Gadsden, Alabama. 
McALILEIT, ROT a. Pvt, Clinton, Alabama. 
Mcdonald, BRNEST J., Pvt, Chattanooga, Tennessee. 
Mcdonald, SAM, Pvt, DadevlUe, Alabama. 
McDOUGLE, NATHANIEL C, Pvt, Sampson, Alabama. 
MAAS, CHARLES &., Pvt, Selma, Alabama. 
MacDONALD, GERALD, Pvt. Gadsden, Alabama. 
MADDOX, CLEVELAND C, Pvt, Dothan, AUbama. 
MARCHAND, HENRT, Pvt, Nyland. Alabama. 
MARLER, CLAUDIE J., Pvt, Lockhart, Alabama. 
MARQUESS, LUTHER H., Corp., Gadsden, Alabama. 
MARTIN, PETER T., Pvt, Greensboro, Alabama. 
MATHEWS, WILLIAM G., Pvt, CrosviUe, Alabama^ 
MATHIS, RAYMOND, Pvt, Marbury, Alabama. 
MAT, CHESTER D., Pvt, Lanett Alabama. 
MAYES, ROBERT H., Pvt, Hokes Bluff, Alabama. 
MEEKS, LONNIE, Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 
MEEKS, WILLIAM H.. Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 
MESSBR, LEE, Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
MORGAN, JUDGE T., Pvt, Holt, Alabama. 
MOSES, JIM, Pvt, Brookwood, Alabama. 
MOSS, DEWEY, Pvt. Boyles, Alabama. 
MOUCHETTE, ROBERT W., Pvt, Allcevllle. Alabama. 
MURDOCK, LARKIN C, Pvt, Sampson, Alabama. 
MURPHY, CHRISTOPHER, Pvt. Ashford, Alabama. 
NAILS, ROBERT N., Pvt, Murry Cross, Alabama. 
NEVINS, CHESTER, Pvt, Moundville, Alabama. 
NEWBY, EDWARD C, Pvt, Lanett, Alabama. 
NEWSOM, MARCUS F., Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
NORRED, JASON. Pvt, Talladega, Alabama. 
NORWOOD, HOSBA, Pvt, Natural Bridsre, Alabama. 
O'BAR, ELLIHUE, Pvt, Piedmont, Alabama. 
OTTS, OBIJA P., Pvt, Addison. Alabama. 
PEACOCK, CALVIN G. Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
PIERCE. CHARLES H.. Pvt, Laurel, MIsslssippL 
POTTER, RUTLEDGE M., Pvt, Birmingham. Alabama. 
PRICKBTT. FLORENCE D., Pvt, Jacksonville. Alabama. 
PRUETT, JAMES A., Pvt, Round Mount, Alabama. 
QUINN. BOB, Pvt, 1st class. Hobbs City. Alabama. 
QUINN. JEFF D., Corp.. Hobbs City, Alabama. 
ROBERTSON. DEWEY, Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 
ROBINSON. ARTHUR H.. Pvt. Birmingham, Alabama. 
ROBY. JOHN O., Pvt, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 
ROWAN, RICHARD S.. Pvt, Selma, Alabama. 
RYAN. JOB B., Pvt, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 
RYAN, LEON M., Pvt, Tuscaloosa. Alabama. 
SALMON. JOB. Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
SANDERS. ELLIE G.. Pvt, Lawley. Alabama. 
SANTORA, JOHN. Pvt. Birmingham, Alabama. 
SATTERFIBLD, GROVER C. Pvt. Fort Payne, Alabama. 
SCOTT, JIM K., Pvt. Dothan. Alabama. 
8BAY. ROYAL, Pvt, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 377 

SESTMORB. TABLETON T., Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
SMIRLBT, BERNIE L... Pvt, Headland, Alabama. 
SHORT, SHIRLEY, Pvt, Daubee Springs, Alabama. 
SiaLER, ROT H, Pvt, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 
SIMPSON, LUTHER H., Pvt, Alabama City, Alabama. 
SIMS, JAMES C, Pvt, Lanett. Alabama. 
SIMS, LEE, Pvt, Columbus, Georgia. 
SITZ, BOB, Pvt, Attalla, Alabama. 
SKIPPER, HA2T Lb, Pvt, Grimes, Alabama. 
SMITH, ALBERT R., Pvt, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 
SMITH, CLARENCE J., Pvt, Eutaw, Alabama. 
SMITH, EDDIE C, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
SMITH, EDWARD G., Sgt, Gadsden, Alabama. 
SMITH, JACK, Pvt, Piedmont, Alabama. 
SMITH, JOB, Pvt, Lanett, Alabama. 
SMITH, MARTIN L., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 
SMITH, WILLIAM E., Pvt, Oakman, Alabama. 
SNESAD, JOHN W., 1st Sgt, CarroUton, Georgia. 
SOOTd, GEORGE, Pvt, Cordova, Alabama. 
SOtJTHERS, JOHN A., Pvt, Peechburg, Alabama. 
SPRATLAN, MASON H., Pvt, Hardaway, Alabama. 
SQUIRES, WILLIAM J., Pvt, Peterson, Alabama. 
STAFFORD. JAMES D., Pvt, De Funiak Springs, Florida. 
STEPHENS, MURPHY, Pvt, Greensboro, Alabama. 
STRICKLAND, WILBUR C, Pvt, Eutaw, Alabama. 
SUTTON, WILL R., Bugler, Gadsden, Alabama. 
SYKES, HENRY P., Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 
TATUM, AMMON, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
THOMAS, EDWARD R, Pvt, Weighton, Alabama. 
THOMAS, RAY, Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 
THOMASTON, THOMAS, Pvt, Lanett, Alabama. 
THOMPSON, HORACE Cook, Attalla, Alabama. 
THOMPSON, JAMES O., Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 
THORP, HUGH H., Pvt, MillviUe, Alabama. 
TIERCE, ROBERT C, Pvt, Northport, Alabama. 
TIERCE, WILLIE A., Pvt, Northport Alabama. 
TRIM, HIRAM B., Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
UNDERWOOD, HUSTON, Pvt, Memphis, Tennessee. 
VAUGHAN, JESSIE, Pvt, Bannockburn, Georgia. 
VICKERY, CHESTER R., Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
VICKERY, EARL W., Corp., Gadsden, Alabama. 
VINSON, LUTHER, Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 
VINYARD. LESTER, Pvt, Sayreton, Alabama. 
WALKER, JOSEPH G., Corp., Gadsden, Alabama. 
WALLACE, WALTER, Pvt, 1st class, Garland, Alabama. 
WALTERS, JOHN B., Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 
WARD, JAMES, Pvt, Lanett Alabama. 
WARE, LEON, Pvt, Talladega, Alabama. 
WATERS, JOE, Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
WATSON, JOHN CL, Corp., Pine Apple, Alabama. 
WEBB, FRANK, Corp., Gadsden, Alabama. 
WEST, JAMES H., Sgt, Hokes BlniE, Alabama. 
WEST, LEE, Pvt, Cullman, Alabama. 
WHITEHURST, EMORY J., Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
WHITBHURST, MARION A., Pvt, Florala. Alabama. 
WTTTTWOTITH TTTOMAS J.. Pvt. Gadsden. Alfl.bAnifl. 



378 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

WILLIAMS^ PRANK W^ Pirt.» Mobile, Alabama. 
WILX1AM8, JESSIE V., Pvt., Lanett. Alabama. 
WILLJAMS. PATTON N.» Prt, Coker» Alabama. 
Wn jiTAMfl, ROBERT, Pvt. Lanett, Alabama. 
WILSON, DAVID F., Pvt., Florala, Alabama. 
WILSON, BMMETT C, Pyt, Gadaden, Alabama. 
WOOD, BUNTAN D^ Pvt, Colnmbua, Oeorffia. 
WOOD, EDWIN 11, Corp., Selma, Alabama. 
WOODALL, JAMES T., Pvt, Florala, Alabama. 
TEATS, JOE J., Sirt., Gadaden, Alabama. 
YOUNG, QROVER V., Pvt., Gadaden. Alabama, 

Company O 

CmwtmSm OSCAR O. SPBSIGHTt Eufaula, Alabama. 

1st lAitmt» ABK B& FLOWBRSt Oiark, Alabama. 

lat UmwL ARTHUR H. BEACH, Omaha. Nebraaka, cafe of T. M. C A 

9d Lleat. PEYTON T. DBB9B, SkipperviUe, Alabama. 

ad lAtmt» CLIFFORD H. BYRNES* North Cohaaaet, Maaaachnaetta. 

2d Llevt. WILLBT C BARRBTT» 10 Gardiner St, Newport. R. L 

ad Ltevt. WILLIAM B. HARDBN, Stockdale, Texaa. 

ADAMS, JOE Ia, Pvt, Troy, Alabama* 

ADAMS, LEWIE H., PVt. lat daaa. Midland City, Alabama. 

ADAMS, WALTER M, Pvt, Troy, AUbama. 

ADGOCK, LEN E., Pvt, Newton, Alabama. 

AMMONS, THOMAS J., Pvt, Route 6, Oaark, Alabama. 

AMMONS, WILLIAM T., Corp., Oaark, Alabama. 

ANDERSON, JOHN W., Pvt, Pineapple, Alabama. 

ANDREWS, PRES H., Pvt, Midland City. Alabama. 

ANDREWS, SAMUEL B., Sfft. Oaark, Alabama. 

AVANT, LESTER, Corp.. Midland City, Alabama. 

BAGGBTT, NICK, Pvt, Vellie. Alabama. 

BALDWIN, SCHAFNER M., Corp., Midland City, Alabama. 

BALLARD, EWELL F., Pvt, Troy, Alabama. 

BARBAREE, JOHN H., Pvt, lat claaa, Dawaon, Georgrla. 

BBDGOOD, IRA, Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 

BETTRESS, FRED D., Sfft, Newton, Alabama. 

BLACKMAN, CLARENCE, Pvt, Flomaton, Alabama. 

BLACKMAN, JOHN, Pvt, Foahee, Alabama. 

BLOWERS, MARSHAXX^ Pvt, Malvern, Alabama. 

BOYETT, ROBERT L., Pvt, Coleman, Georgia. 

BROOKS, HIRAM B., Pvt, Osark, Alabama. 

BROWDER, CARL A., Pvt, Bluff Sprinera, Florida. 

BROWN, BILL, Corp., Osark, Alabama. 

BROWN, t!HARLIE, Corp., Brewton, Alabama. 

BROWN, CORNELIOS, Pvt, Bluff SpHnffa, Florida. 

BROWN, EVERETT H., Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 

BRYAN, JOHN T., Pvt, Crenahaw, Alabama. 

BULLARD, WIUU Pvt, De Funlack Springa, Florida. 

BURNETT, HENRY G., Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 

CAIN, COLIE, Pvt, lat claaa. Route 6, Oaark, Alabama. 

CANTER, MOSES E., Pvt, Coffee Sprlngra* Alabama. 

CAPPS, JOE L, Pvt. Foshee. Alabama. 

CARR, HENRY, Corp., Eufaula, Alabama. 

CARROLL. ARTHUR A. Pvt. Oaark. Alabama. 

CARROLU EDWARD W.. Pvt, Ozark, Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 379 

CARTER. OSCAR J., Pvt, 1st elaos, Arlton. Alabama. 

CASBT, LBMUEL A, 8gU Ozark. Alabama. 

CASON, BRANNON. Pvt. Route 7, Oxark, Alabama. 

CHANDLBR, WUiLIAM, Pvt. Osark, Alabama. 

CHBSSBR, FRANK 11. Pvt. Route A« Atmore. Alabama. 

CLARK. JOSEPH a, Pvt. Ozark, Alabama. 

COE, DANIEL A. Mech.. Dothan, Alabama. 

CORBY, JOHN A., Corp., Evererreen. Alabama. 

COSKERY. HORACE C, Pvt. Troy. Alabama. 

GOTTEN. SAMUEL^ Mesa Sgrt. Ozark. Alabama. 

GOTTEN, WILLIE W., Pvt. Route 1. Ozark. Alabama. 

COWART, EUGENE A, Pvt. Troy, Alabama. 

COW ART. WILLIAM J., Pvt. Troy. Alabama. 

COX, SAMUEL L.. Pvt. Local, Alabama. 

CRAWFORD. LUTHER C, Pvt. Route S. Ozark. Alabama. 

CUTTSw ERNEST E.. Corp.. Brewton. Alabama. 

DAVI8L WILLIE N., Pvt, Pollard. Alabama. 

DEAN. BARNIE J.. Pvt, Route 8. Ozark. Alabama. 

DEAN, TULLIE B£, Pvt, Route 8. Ozark. Alabama. 

DEBASE. WILLIAM A, JR. Sgt, Ozark. Alabama. 

DICK, LESLIE lb, Pvt, 1st class. Midland City, Alabama. 

DIGMAN, KBVIU Pvfl, Greenville. Alabama. 

DIXON, CULXJE, Pvt, Route B, Brewton. Alabama. 

DIXON, HARRY B.. Pvt. Brewton. Alabama. 

DIXON, HUBERT, Pvt, Dalevllle, Alabama. 

DIXON, JOHN P., Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 

DOWNING, JESSIE. Pvt. Wallace, Alabama. 

EDWARDS, JAMES I.. Pvt, Flomaton. Alabama. 

ELLIS, ROY G.. Sfft, Ozark, Alabama. 

BNTREKIN. JOE Ll, Pvt, Canoe. Alabama. 

EZEIXiB, CLAYTON, Pvt. Route 1. Ozark. Alabama. 

CZEiLXJX HENRY L, Corp.. Ozark, Alabama. 

FINDLEY, ALBERT L., Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 

FRANKLIN, EMERY B., Pvt, Route 8, Dothan. Alabama. 

FREEMAN, JOHN H., Pvt, Route B, Brewton, Alabama. 

FULLER, BDMOND. Pvt, Brewton. Alabama. 

GANDY, ROBERT L. Pvt. Bluff Sprlnsrs. Florida. 

GATWOOD, HOUSTON. Pvt. Pollard. Alabama. 

GATWOOD, OLLIE, Pvt. Pollard, Alabama. 

GATWOOD. MILLARD F.. Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 

GUJj, WILLIS, Bluff Spring's, Florida. 

GODMAN, CLARK H., Sgt, 451 Tumbull Ave., Detroit. Michigan. 

GODWIN. BARNEY C. Pvt. Daleville. Alabama. 

GOFF. HANSEX M. Bugler. Ozark, Alabama. 

GRAY, LEONARD F., Pvt. Bluff Springs, Florida. 

GRIFFIN, DAVID A, Pvt. Atmore. Alabama. 

HAMMACi CAREY. Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 

HAMMOCK, HIRAM, Pvt, Daleville, Alabama. 

HARPER, FREEMAN L., Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 

HAWKINS, G^EN H., Corp., Ariton, Alabama. 

HAWKINS, LEONARD, Pvt, Catown, Florida. 

HAVEARD. CHARLIE L. Pvt, Roberts. Alabama. 

HELMS, ALBERT W., Corp., Ozark, Alabama. 

HERNDON, WILLIAM H.. Corp., Troy, Alabama. 

HICKS, WILLIAM T.. Pvt, Ozark. Alabama. 

HOLLADAY, ESS R, Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 



380 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

HOLLADAT, HENRY R. Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 
HOL.LADAY. KEINA, Pvt. Brewton, Alabama. 
HOIXAND. CHBSTBR U, Pvt, Castleberry. AlabaouL 
JERKINS. RAYVONIB. Pvt. Columbia^ Alabama. 
JOHNSON, LOUIS D., Sgrt, Osark, Alabama. 
JONES, CALLOWAY. Pvt, Newton, Alabama. 
JONES. CLAYTON, Pvt, Mount WiUinsr, Alabama. 
JONES, GUS, Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 
JONES, JULB 11, 89 1, Osark, Alabama. 
JORDAN, BEN F.. Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 
JORDAN, FOY D., Corp., Daleville, Alabama. 
JUDAH, RICHARD H., Cook, Daleville, Alabama. 
KELLY, SYLVANIA, Pvt,. Bluff Sprlners, Florida. 
KELLY, SYLVESTER, Pvt, Bluff Sprinffs, Florida. 
KENNEDY. BARNIE, Pvt, Foshee, Alabama. 
KILLINGSWORTH. EASBY, Pvt. Pollard, Alabama. 
KINO. EARLY, Pvt, Ariton, Alabama. 

KIRKLAND. ALEXANDER, Pvt, Midland City, Alabama. 
KIRKLiAND, BRYANT, Pvt, Castleberry. Afabama. 
KIRKLAND, SAMUEL O., Corp., Midland City, Alabama. 
KNOWLBS, HOSEA O., Pvt, Bluff Sprinera. Florida. 
LAMBERT, HENRY 8., Pvt, Dotban, Alabama. 
LAMBERT, JOHN F., Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
LAMBERTH, CHARLIB W., Pvt, Pollard, Alabama. 
LEROY, HUQHIB, Pvt, Midland City, Alabama. 
LOWERY. DONNIE D., Corp., Atmore, Alabama. 
LYNN. JOHN T.. Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 
McARTHUR, ROBERT O., Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 
McCOLLUM. JOHN C, Ist Sgrt, Bessemer, Alabama. 
McQEE, JESSIE O., Pyt, Enterprise, Alabama. 
McOLOTHERN, LEM, Pvt, Chmulka, Florida. 
McKAY, JOHN C, Pvt, Skipperville, Alabama. 
McKAY, WILLIAM A.. Corp., Skipperville, Alabama. 
McLAIN, DAN J., Pvt, Nakomis, Alabama. 
McLAIN, HOSEA G., Pvt, Osark, Alabama. 
McLAIN, JOHN, Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
McLAIN, MAX Sgrt, Dothan. Alabama. 
McLAIN, WESLEY M.. Pvt. Nakomis. Alabama. 
McLEAN, OSCAR R.. Pvt, Jay. Florida. 
McREE, JOHN G., Pvt, 1st class, Osark, Alabama. 
MALONE, HALCOMB H., Supply Sfft, Brewton. Alabama. 
MANCIL, JAKE. Pvt, Dixie, Alabama. 
MANN. WILLIAM P.. Corp., Midland City, Alabama. 
MANNING, JAMES J., Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 
MANNING, LOUIS A., Corp., Brewton, Alabama. 
MANNING. MATHEW G., Pvt, Pollard, Alabama. 
MANNING, SIDNEY E., Pvt, Flomaton. Alabama. 
MARTIN. WILLIAM A., Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 
MASSINGILL. ISADORE, Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 
MASSINGILL, PARKER, Pvt. Kirkland. Alabama. 
MELTON, LONNIE. Sgrt. Ozark, Alabama. 
MBTCALF. WILLIAM F., Mech.. Ozark, Alabama. 
MIDDLEBROOKS, CLYDE, Pvt. Midland City. Alabama. 
MIDDLEBROOKS. THOMAS B., Pvt, 1st class, MidUnd City. Alabft""^ 
MILLER, GREEN L, Pvt Ist class, Osark, Alabama. 
:iLLBR, EDD., Bluff Sprlngrs, Florida. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 381 

MING, EDDIE C, Prt. Newton. Alabama. 
MING. ERNEST J., Pvt. Newton. Alabama. 
MOONEYHAM, ERIE N., Pvt, Clio. Alabama. 
MOONEYHAM. LESTER, Corp.. Clio. Alabama. 
MOONEYHAM. NEAUE. Pvt, Clio. Alabama. 
MORRIS, CHARLIE. Pvt. Atmore. Alabama. 
MORRIS, DAVE. Pvt. Atmore, ^l&bama. 
MORRIS. JIM H., Pvt. Roberta, Alabama. 
MORRIS, MARVIN, Pvt. Roberta. Alabama. 
MORRIS. PITT R., Pvt. DalevUle. Alabama. 
MORRIS. WILLIAM. Pvt. Osark. Alabama. 
MORR OW, CHARLES T., Corp., Osark. Alabama. 
MYHAND. HOBSON P., Pvt, Auburn, Alabama. 
NICHOLS, MARVIN, Pvt. Brewton. Alabama. 
NELSON. CLAUDE M., S^t. Newton. Alabama. 
NELSON. ENOS, Pvt. Brewton. Alabama. 
NEWSOME. RICHARD C. Corp., Route 6. Ozark. Alabama. 
PACE. ALBERT C. Mech.. Florala, Alabama. 
PALMER. JAMES A. Pvt. Midland City. Alabama. 
PARKER, BRUCE A. Pvt, Brewton. .Alabama. 
PARKER. BODE &. Ssrt, Brewton, Alabama. 
PARKER, STEWART. Corp.. Brewton. Alabama. 
PARRISH. GRADY. Corp., Dalevllle. Alabama. 
PARRISH, ZACK. Pvt. Pollard. Alabama. 
PATTERSON, TRAVIS R. Pvt. Osark, Alabama. 
PENNINGTON, JOSEPH H., Pvt, T>oy. Alabama. 
PETERS. BENJAMIN F.. Pvt, Osark. Alabama. 
PILCHER. ROBERT R.. Corp.. Ozark. Alabama. 
PO OLE. WILLIAM C. Pvt. Sellers. Alabama. 
POWULL, CHARLES A. Pvt. Bay Minette, Alabama. 
PULXiEN. HARRY M. Pvt, Dothan. Alabama. 
RENEAU. LONNIE. Route 6, Dothan, Alabama. 
RILET. HURLEY T., Busier. Osark. Alabama. 
RILET. JOHN Ia. Mech.. Ozark, Alabama. 
RILEY. MAJOR D., Pvt, let class, Osark. Alabama. 
RUC3GS, JUDGE A. Pvt, Dothan. Alabama. 
SALIBA. GABRIEL, Pvt. Ozark. Alabama. 
SA8SER, WILEY D., Pvt. Atmore. Alabama. 
SAUNDERS. CURTIS. Pvt. Echo. Alabama. 
SHI RAH. ANGUS M. Corp., Ozark. Alabama. 
SHIVER. LOUIS A, Pvt, TennvlUe, Alabama. 
SIMMONS. GROVER C, Pvt. Daleville. Alabama. 
SKIPPER. JAMES O.. Pvt, Slocomb. Alabama. 
SKIPPER, OLIVER O., Corp.. Ozark. Alabama. 
SKIPPER. SIDNEY M, Pvt. Ozark. Alabama. 
SLEDGE. MELTON. Pvt. Ponce De Leon. Florida. 
SLEDGE. THOMAS P.. Pvt. EUisviUe, Mississippi. 
SMART. VICTOR L., Pvt, Troy. Alabama. 
SMITH. HORACE. Pvt, Brewton. Alabama. 
SMITH. JAMES L. Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 
SNELL, JOHN D.. Pvt, Newton, Alabama. 
SKELLGROVE, CHARLIE. Pvt. New Brockton. Alabama. 
STEELE. WALTER, Pvt. Foshee. Alabama. 
STEVENS, PERRY H., Pvt, Midland City. Alabama. 
STRICKLAND. EDGAR B.. Corp., Ozark. Alabama. 
SPURLOCK. HILLARY, Pvt, Ozark. Alabama. 



382 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

TATUXi FRSDBRICK IX, Pvt. Banks, Alabama. 

TATUAi; WILLIAM P., PrL, Newton, Alabama. 

THAM BSL BDWARD SI. Pvt., Maneter, Alabama. 

THOMAS, DBE C, Prt, Newton, Alabama. 

THOMAS; JAY H., Prt, Newton, Alabama. 

THORNTON, ORLIN, Pvt. Route B, Newton, Alabama. 

THWBATT, HBNRT, Pvt^ Newton, Alabama. 

TILLMAN, ARNOLD, Pvt^ Clio. Alabama. 

TRAMMBIXX% WUXJAM, Pvt., Dotban, Alabama. 

TRAWICK, HAYWOOD J., Corn., Newton, Alabama. 

TARBROUOH, FRED L., Corp., ns West Troy St. Dotban. Alabaisi. 

VEAL, FRANBXJN D., Pvt., Troy, Alabama. 

WALKER, HENRY C, Pvt., Osark, Alabama. 

WALKER, JOHN I*, Pvt, Webb, Alabama. 

WALKER, LEON Q., Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 

WALKER, WILLIE R., Corp., Atmore, Alabama. 

WATSON, THOMAS B^ Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

WEAVER, ELTON P., Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 

WEAVER, LEVI P., Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 

WEAVER, WALTER C, Pvt, Flomaton, Alabama. 

WEBB, JEPTHA A., Pvt, Columbia, Alabama. 

WEEKSL SAMtTEL E., Pvt, KInston, Alabama. 

WHITE, JAMBS F., Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 

WHITE, LORAN, Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 

WHITTLE, JOHN B., Pvt, Osark, Alabama. 

WIOOINS, CILBY, Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 

WILLIAMS, ERNEST W., ]^vt, Dothan, Alabama. 

WILLIAMa HENRY C, Pvt, Catoma. Florida. 

WILLIAMS, THOMAS B., Corp., Midland City, Alabama. 

WOODALI4 JOHN L., Cook, Route 7, Osark, Alabama 

WRIGHT, MALLIB C, Corp., Route 4, Osark, Alabama. 

Company E 

Oaptatn HERMAN W. THOBTPSONt Alexander City, Alabama 

1st Llc«t. THOMAS F. JOKRO, 16 E. IStb St, Atlanta, Oeorflfia 

1st Llc«t. GEORGE G. CHAPIN, 6S1 Asbland Ave., St Paul, Minnetoli. 

dd Lleat, ARTMVR B. WARIUBIV, Garden Terrace, Cambridge, Kufc 

2d Lieut. ERNEST T. BELL, 830 let Ave., W. Newton. Iowa. 

9d Lieut. DONALD T. AYRES, 190K Harwood St, Lincoln, NebraaU 

ad Lieut. JAMBS B. WHEELER* Otto^ Texaa 

ABERNATHY, JOHN F., Pvt, Route 1, HoUins, Alabama. 

ADAMS, SANFORD N., Pvt, DadeviUe, Alabama. 

ALLEN, WILLIAM E., Pvt, Brundidgre Height Troy, Alabama 

ANDERSON, ROBERT C Pvt, 111 Lawrence St. Selma, Alabaaia 

ANDREWS, WALTER C, Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

ARANT, CHARLIE O., Pvt, Selma, Alabama. 

ARMSTRONG. JAMES D., Pvt. Banford, Alabama. 

ATCHISON, GEORGE E., Mech., Bisbee,* Alabama. 

BAILEY, CLARENCE, Pvt, Stewart, Tennessea 

BAKER, A. A ., Pvt 

BAKER, WILLIAM H., Pvt. 1st class, Doris, Alabama. 

BARLEY. LUM. Pvt, Ist class. Coffee 8l;>rin8:s, Alabama. 

BATCHBLOR, HENRY L., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

BATEa JOB H., Pvt, Belmont, Alabama. 

BECK, GEORGE A., Pvt, Brundidffe, Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 383 

BENSON, ROBERT Ia, Pvt, Alexander City, Alabama. 

BENSON, WILLIAM L, Pvt. Mollne, Florida. 

BILLINOSLBY, HEZZXE. Prt., l«t clasa, Ooodwater, Alabama. 

BLAIR, LONNIE W., %>vt, Brooklyn, Alabama. 

BLAIR, SIDNEY, Prt, Andalusia, Alabama. 

BODDnS, RENRIB C, Prt, Tallaasee, Alabama. 

BOSTIQ LENTON, Pvt., Dexter, Qeortria. 

BOUTDEN, GEORGE M., Pvt, 166 Battle St, Talladesra, Alabama. 

BOTETTB, PLEAS R, Prt, Route S. Enterprise, Alabama. 

BOIXiES, HOWARD H., Wt, 1st class, Florida St, Mobile, Alabama. 

BRANTLBT, ALPHU8, Pvt, Troy, Alabama. 

BRIDGES, JAMES F., Pvt, 1st Class, Fairfax Alabama. 

BROWN, DAVIS, Pvt, Route 2, Columbiana, Alabama. 

BROWN, homer, Pvt, Alexander City, Alabama. 

BROWN. MACK, Pvt, De Funiack Springs, Florida. 

BROWN, VIRGn^ Pvt, Stevenson, Alabama. 

BRUNSON, JOSEPH F., Pvt, 1601 Selma Ave« 8lelma« Alabama. 

BRTAN, GITS J., Pvt, 1st classy Elba, Alabama. 

BRYANT, JAMBS F., Pvt, 1st class, Leeds, Alabama. 

BU ULARD , ALTO Ia, Pvt, Elba, Alabama. 

BUMPBR3, BARLv Pvt, Selma Ave., Selma, Alabama. 

BUMPERS, LEON, Pvt, Selma Ave., Selma, Alabama. 

BUNKLEY, FRANK K., Sgt, 106 Summit St, Mont«:omery, Alabama. 

BDRNSL EDWARD J., Pvt, Clintonville, Alabama. 

BUXTON, SAMUEL E., Pvt, Selma, Alabama. 

BUTTON, WILLIAM B., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

BYRD, ACRBL A^ Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

BTRD^ JOE TOM, Pvt, 1st class. Enterprise, Alabama. 

CAIN, JAMES T., Pvt, Lake City St, Macon, €^eorffia. 

CALDWELU THOMAS F., Pvt, DadeviUe, Alabama. 

CARLTON, GEORGE R., Pvt, Alexander City, Alabama. 

CARROUU JACOB E., Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama. 

CARROLU MARTIN R, Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

CASSELS, MARION, Pvt, Sylacatiga, Alabama. 

CATCHINGS, EUELU Prt. Tallassee, Alabama. 

CHALMERS, ISRAEL BL, Corp., 464 Broad St, Columbus, Georeria. 

CHAMPI ON, JAMES, Pvt, Vupford. Alabama. 

CLARK, WILLIAM R, Cook, Tallassee, Alabama. 

CLOWD, GUSS, Pvt, Stevenson, Alabama. 

COLLINS, EDWARD. Pvt, Dawes, Alabama. 

COLLINS, GEORGE, Pvt, Georeriana, Alabama. 

C<HiLIN8, JAMBS C, Pvt, 1st class, S18 Fumlss Ave., Selma, Alabama. 

COLYER, JULIAN F., Pvt, Glen Ridg«i, New Jersey. 

COMMANDER, H. H., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

CONVHjLE, DAVID H., Mech., Sylacausa, Alabama. 

COPE, ELDRIDGE, Pvt, Route 2, Invernlss, Alabama. 

CORDLE^ LEHMAN C, Pvt, New Brocton, Alabama. 

COTHERAN, HENRY C, Pvt, Deatsville, Alabama. 

CROSBY, JOHN R, Corp., SmithviUe, Georgria. 

CUI«BRBTH, ARTHUR F., Pvt, Cotton Wood, Alabama. 

CULVER, CLARENCE I*, Pvt, Blber, Alabama. 

DABBSl HENRY L., Sert, 628 Glenaddie Ave., Annlston, Alabama. 

DA BB8, PATTIE P., Pvt, 1st class, Munford, Alabama. 

DANIEL^ ROY, Pvt, Bnsley, Alabama. 

DA8SINGER, EDGAR, Pvt, Route 2, Inverniss, Alabama. 

DAUGHERTY, WALTER, Pvt, 1st class, RF.D. 2, Gadsden, Alabama. 



384 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

DAVIDSON. DANISIi C, Pvt, 1st clasa, Oakman. Alabama. 

DAVIS, CHARLES, Supply Sirt., 214 & Poplar St, Blrminfirham. Alabazsa. 

DAVIS, CURTIS F., Pvt, Kenxle, Alabama. 

DAVIS» LiAWRENCE M., Pvt, Nashville, Tennessee. 

DAVIS, RAU^H a, Pvt, Archie, Florida. 

DIALb BOB, Pvt, LonsT Island, Alabama. 

DIAL, FRANK, Pvt, Long: Island. Alabama. 

DIIXARD, JESSIE M.. Pvt, Notasulffa, Alabama. 

DIXON, NEL.O M., Pvt, Cusseta, Alabama. 

DONALDSON, JAMES W., Pvt, 1st class. Red Level, Alabama. 

DOUGLASS, JUDSON T., Pvt, 17S7 East l»th St. Cleveland, Obio. 

DUKE, ART A., Pvt, 1st class, Dosie, Alabama. 

DUKE, CLETUS T., Mesa Sirt. Aleacander City. Alabama. 

DUNN. AUBREY. Pvt, Tallassee, Alabama. 

DUNN, AUBREY, Pvt, 1616 Euffenia St, North Port, Alabama. 

DUPREE, HENRY R, Sgrt, Dadeville, Alabama. 

EDISON, CLAUD K., Pvt, 70 Fowler St, Atlanta, Oeorgria. 

EDWARD, CARMON E., Pvt, Selma, Alabama. 

ELLIOTT, HARVEY LBB, Corp., Aberdeen, Alabama. 

EMMONS, ABRAHAM, Pvt, Brewton, Alabama. 

FAIRCLOTH, LEOAL^ Pvt, Route Z, TennlUe, Alabama. 

FILLINOIM LANIB G., Cook. TenniUe, Alabama. 

FINCHER, 'fcriLLIAM R, Sfft. RF.D. 2. Alexander City, Alabama. 

FLEMMING, WILLIAM B., Pvt, Waynesboro, Miss. 

FRANKLIN, DOCK J., Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama. 

FRANKLIN, EARL 8., Corp., Goodwater, Alabama. 

FREE, WILLIAM H., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

FULCHER, TOM. Route 1, Newton, Alabama. 

FULLER, JOHN T., 1st Sfirt, RF.D. 1, Alexander City, Alabama. 

GAMBLER ROBERT R, Pvt, South Pitts, Tennessee. 

GILLIS, JAMES, Pvt, Troy, Alabama. 

GLOVER, FURMAN B., Pvt, 921 Assembly, Columbia, South Carolina. 

GOLDEN, HENRY M., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

GRAHAM, RENIAI4 Pvt, Eclectic Alabama. 

GRANT, CHARLIE W., Pvt. Route 2, Parrott Georaria. 

GREAGORY, JAMES M.. Pvt, Goshen. Alabama. 

GREEN, LEONARD R, Pvt. East Tallassee, Alabama. 

GREY. EDGAR D.. Pvt. Hacoda. Alabama. 

GRIMSLEY. ARNOLD R, Pvt. Enterprise, Alabama. 

GRIMSLEY, JOSEPH H., Pvt. New Brocton. Alabama. 

HAMILTON, ROBERT W.. Sfft, Alexander City. Alabama. 

HANCOCK. JAMES O.. Pvt. 1st class, Alexander City, Alabama. 

HARPER, CHARLES H.. Pvt, 2S16 Selma Ave.. Selma, Alabama. 

HARRIS, rvON N.. Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

HARRIS, JOHN L, Pvt, Banks. Alabama. 

HEAD, ARTHUR, Pvt. Linwood. Alabama. 

HELM. WILLIE. Pvt. 1919 Small St. Selma. Alabama. 

HICKS, LEON. Pvt. 1st class. AndcJusla, Alabama. 

HILL, ROBERT W., Pvt, Ist class. Napoleon, Alabama. 

HOLLAND, GEORGE, Pvt, New Brockton, Alabama. 

HOLLOWAY, WILLIE. Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

HOOMES. LOUIS J., Pvt, Brooklyn, Alabama. 

HORNSBY, JASPER L, Pvt, Ist class, Sylacausra, Alabama. 

HUGES, ELLIS. Pvt. Rabelle Mfg. Co.. Selma. Alabama. 

HUGHES, EUART C, Pvt, Route 2, Enterprise, Alabama. 

HUTCHINSON, ROSCOE R. Pvt, Enterprise. Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 385 

HYSMITH, LOmS J., Pvt, Elba, Alabama. 

JACKSON, ERNEST, Pvt, Selma, Alabama. 

JARRETT, MARSHATJi H., Pvt, let class, Childersburgr* Alabama. 

JOHNSON, CARL, Pvt, China Grove, Alabama. ' 

JONES, DONALD G., Pvt, Toot, Alabama. 

JONES, EDWARD, Pvt, Columbus, Georgia. 

JONES, FRANK P. Ssrt, Lanett, Alabama. 

JONES, JOHN A., dorp., Sylacausra, Alabama. 

JONES, LESTER. Pvt, Wetumpka, Alabama. 

JOWERS, CARLEY J., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

KEEFE, ROBERT, Pvt, 1st class, Andalusia, Alabama. 

KENT, ALPHONZIB, Busrler, Tallassee, Alabama. 

KING, RUPERT W., Pvt, 1st class, R.P.D. 6, Troy, Alabama. 

LAWHORNE, CLARENCE LL, Pvt, Shawmut, Alabama. 

LIGHTSEY, FRED H., Corp., Childersburs, Alabama. 

LINDLEY, WILLIAM H., Busier, Abbeville, Alabama. 

LOGAN, LEHMAN H., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

LYERLY, CHARLEY M., Pvt, Wetumpka, Alabama. 

LYERLY, WILLIE V., Wetumpka, Alabama. 

McCASKILL, HALEY, Pvt. Troy, Alabama. 

McCLUSKEY, JAMES, Pvt, Ist class, Tallassee, Alabama. 

McCORMICK, BURIE G., Pvt, Pigeon Creek, Alabama. 

McCOY, LESTER J., Pvt, 20 Elm St, Oneonta, New York. 

McDANIEL^ GUYDIE, Cook, Alexander City, Alabama. 

McGLON, JAMES, Pvt, 1st class, Lanett, Alabama. 

McINTOSH, WILLIAM D., Pvt, Chancellor, Alabama. 

McLANEY, JAMES W., Pvt, Louisville, Alabama. 

McLEOD, JAMES A., Pvt, Opp, Alabama. 

McMTJRPHY, OSCAR H., Pvt, Breadenbur^, Alabama. 

MANGRUM, WILLIE P., Pvt, Shawmut, Alabama. 

MELTON, WILLIAM H., Pvt, 1st class, Tallassee, Alabama. 

MERRILL, JAMES O., Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama. 

MIDDLETON, ROBERT H., Pvt, Vossburs, Mississippi. 

DULLER, WILL, Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

MILNER, JACK W., Pvt, Ist class, Alexander City, Alabama. 

MILSTEAD, GRAHAM, Pvt, 1st class, Calera, Alabama. 

MILSTEAD, JOHN, Pvt, Ridersville, Alabama. 

MILSTEAD, RUSSELL, Pvt, Route 1, Calera, Alabama. 

MITCHAM, OTHO L., Pvt, 1st class, Kellyton, Alabama. 

MOORE, SHELLY D., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

MORGAN, HUGHIE F., Pvt, Sylaeaugra, Alabama.- 

MORRIS, JAMES K, Pvt, Shawmut, Alabama. 

MORRISON, ODIS, Pvt, Alexander City, Alabama. 

MURDOCK, CHARLIE, Pvt, Ist class. Route 8, Enterprise, Alabama. 

NIBLETT, DOIL F., Ssrt, Kellyton, Alabama. 

NICHOLS, TALMADGE R., Pvt, Route 2, Chancellor, Alabama. 

NORRIS, JAMES L., Pvt, Milligen. Florida. 

NUGENT, LANEY R, Pvt, 1st class, 406 21st St, Columbus, Georgia. 

ODOM, LEONARD R., Pvt, Route 2, Enterprise, Alabama. 

OGDEN, WILLIAM N., Pvt, Pery, Iowa. 

OLLIVER, LEONARD R, Pvt, Lanett, Alabama. 

ORR, ARCHIE D., Pvt, Tallassee, Alabama. 

ORR, ROLAND, Pvt, Tallassee, Alabama. 

OWENS, ESTON, Pvt, Barl^er St, Eufaula, Alabama. 

OWENS, ROBERT E., Pvt, 1st class, Tallassee, Alabama. 

PARKER, TOM. Pvt, Alexander City, Alabama. 



386 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

PARRIB9. OTTO. Prt. Onbrk, Alabama. 

PENDBRORA8S» RICHARD BL, Pvt., Columbofl, Georgia. 

PITTMAN. YIROIB B., PvU Fackler» Alabamai 

PITTS. DAVID F., QrantYiUe, Qeorsla. 

rioAirr, AUJSS U, Prt, Bast TallaaMtt, Alabama. 

POWELJU LACET BL, Prt. Troy, Alabama. 

POWTDIAj, ROBERT B.. Pvt. 1st claM, RouU 1. Notaaalsa, Alabama. 

RACHAELS^ DANIEL N.. Pvt.. 1st class. New Broston. Alshsms. 

RAIN, SAM GL, Pvt, ICOl Selma Ats., Sslma, Alabama. 

RAINET, MARVIN, Pvt, Troy. Alabama 

RAI.BT, MILI4ARD A., Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama, 

RILET, DOCK, Prt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

RILiEY, LONNIE O., Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

ROBERSON, OEOROB. Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama. 

R0BER80N, NEU80M, Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama, 

ROBERSON, TOM, Pvt, Sycamore, Alabama. 

ROBERTS, FRANKUN, Pvt, Columbus, Oeorffia. 

ROBINSON, JOHN, Sgrt, Tallassee, Alabama 

RUFF, ROBERT, Pvt, 716 Blysian Field. New Orleans, Louisiana 

RUSSELU WALTER F., Pvt, Annlston, Alabama 

8ANDLIN, RICHARD T.. Sfft, Alexander City, Alabama 

SAROENT, LORD, Pvt, Ist class. East Tallassee, Alabama. 

SCOTT, WILLIAM G., Corp., SommerviUe, Alabama. 

8ENN, CLIFFORD, Pvt, Troy, Alabama. 

SHARP, GENERAL Q., Pvt, Troy, Alabama. 

SHARP, HARRIS G., Pvt, Macon, Georgia 

SHIPP, SAMUEL, Pvt, ISSl B. Hiffhland, Columbua Georflria 

SHOWSk DANIE2L B., Pvt, 1st clasa McEUnsie, Alabama. 

BIKES, WILLIE J., Pvt, Troy, Alabama 

SIMS. HENRY, Pvt, Sylacauffa, Alabama. 

SMITH, BENJAMIN, Pvt, Route 1, Quenton, Alabama 

SMITH, CRUMPTON, Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama. 

SMITH, JOHN A.. Pvt, Red Level, Alabama. 

SMITH, ROBERT, Pvt, Greenville, South Carolina. 

SMITH, ROBIE V., Pvt. Bast Tallassee, Alabama 

SMITH, WILLIAM G., Pvt, 1st class. Eclectic, Alabama. 

SPRADLIN, ROBERT a. Cook, West Point, Georgia. 

STEWART, PERCY M., Pvt, Route 8, Andalusia, Alabama 

STIJCKEY, CHARLIE F., Pvt, Andalusia, AUbama. 

TANNER, ANDY, Pvt. South Plttoburgh. Tennessea 

TANT, ORBIE, Pvt, Tallassee, Alabama 

TAYLOR, JAMES C, Pvt, Phoenix City, Alabama. 

THAMBa JESSE, Pvt, 1st class, Andalusia, Alabama 

THOMPSON, JAMBS H., Pvt. Enterprise^ Alabama 

TIDWELU CLEVELAND M.. Pvt, 1st olau, Floraia, Alabama 

TILLBRY, JOHN, Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama 

TOMBLIN, COOK B., Pvt, BSnterprise, Alabama 

TUCKER, JOE, Pvt, Selma, Alabama. 

VAUGHN, WILLIAM L., Pvt, 419 N. Sd Notch St, Troy, Alabama 

VINES, BRBIE G., Pvt, McKensie. Alabama. 

WAD6WORTH, LEE A., Pvt, Mulberry, Alabama 

WALKER, GRADY E., Pvt, Rome, Alabama. 

WALKER, JOE B.. Pvt, West Point Georgia. 

WALTERa CLEMMIE, Pvt, ISO 14th St, lAurel, MlssissippL 

WARD, WILL, Mech., Andalusia, Alabama 

WATSON, DEWEY, Pvt, 1969 Sd Ava. Columbus. Georgia 



COMPLETE ROSTER 387 

WESTOATB, CHARUB B.. Prt., SI Hlffh St. Fall River, Massachttsetti. 

WHATLBT, WBSLBY J.» Pvt, SSIS S4th St. Birmlngrham* Alabama. 

WHIDBT, NBIX>, Corp.* Troy» Alabama. 

WILLIAMS^ CANYOUN M.» Corp., 9prlnffTlUe, Alabama. 

WILLIAMS, JOHN R, Prt, Tallasaee. Alabama. 

WILLLAJCS. MADISON J.» Prt, Selma. Alabama. 

WILLIS, JOB. Prt, lat class. Route 1. Chancellor, Alabama. 

WILLIS. JOB* Prt. Alpine. Texa& 

WILSON, JAMBS, Pvt., 1st class. Route 1, Chancellor^ Alabama. 

WINDHAM, JAMBS B.. Pvt, Route 1. Daleville, Alabama. 

WINDHAM, JOHN M, Corp., Blba, Alabama. 

TARBROnOH. CUMBY. Pvt., Dadeville, Alabama. 

TATEIS, ROBBRT, Pvt, Anniston, Alabama. 

Company J 

CaptalB BOBBRT A. DOBBINS. 

lat IJewt. GBORGB W. BRWIN. 

1st MAemt* GBORGB R. NBWBBOIN* 

Sad IJevt. HBNRT I^. GRIGGS. 

sad MAemt* JAMBS B. DONOHUB. 

Sad Uewt. HARRY R, YOUNG. 

S!b4 Uewt. JAMBS C. BLANBY. 

AARONSb JOB a. Pvt, Owassa, Alabama. 

AARONSl MARK A.. Pvt. Bverffreen, Alabama. 

AARONS, NICK. Pvt. Owassa, Alabama. 

ABBRNATHY, FLOYD. Pvt, McCall. Alabama. 

ACRBMAN. cLaRBNCB J.. Pvt, Georslana. Alabama. 

ANDRBWS, JAMBS U, Pvt. Repton. Alabama. 
ARDIS, JOHN, Pvt, Local. Alabama. 
ARNOLJ>, OSCAR, Pvt. Malvern. Alabama. 
ATKINS, JBSSB D.. Pvt. 1st class, LaOran^re. Oeorsria. 
BAGOBTT, LBB, Pvt, Castleberry, Alabama. 
BARNBS^ JBSSB C, Mechanic, Shawmut Alabama. 
BATLBY. WILLIAM C, Pvt« FrankvlUe, AUbama. 
BEEIDBR, OWBN, Cook. 

BBRRY, BRYANT. Pvt. Notasul^a. Alabama 
BOHANNON, JOBL M. Pvt, 1st class, LaOranse, Oeorffla. 
BOLSm, JOHN R., Pvt, Jackson, Alabama. 
BONBR, HBNRY R., Pvt. New Orleans, Louisiana. 
BOOKBR, DBWBY. Pvt, Smith StaUon, AUbama. 
BOUTWBLU CHARLIB, Pvt. Bver^reen, Alabama. 
BOYT>, WTTJJAM T.. Sfft. lAFayette, Alabama. 
BOYSnrr, Ons J., Pvt, Oraoevllle, Florida. 
BRAXTON, BDWARD J., Pvt, Bversreen, AlabamiL 
BROADWATBR, BtJIiUS, Pvt. North Highlands. Georgia. 
BROV71C, CLYDB. Pvt, 1st class, Phoenlz. Alabama. 
BRO^WS, BSBIB C. Pvt. Liffhtwood, Alabama. 
BRYANT, WALLACB J.. Pvt, Bluffton, Qeorffia. 
BULXiARD, RUFU8, Pvt, Columbus. GeoriTia. 
BITLLaARD, LBB. Pvt, 1st class, Columbus, Gtoorffia. 
BUItDBTT, WILLIAM Lb. Pvt, Manchester, Georgia. 
BTTRKBTTB, MYRON M, Pvt, Castleberry. Alabama. 
BUHKBTTB, WALTBR J., Pvt, Castleberry, AlabamiL 
CAIN', SAM B., Pvt, 1st class. Phoenix, Alabama. 
i^HA^^ION, JOHN W., Pvt, Clayton, Alabama. 



388 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

CHEEK, THOMAS D., Pvt. Anderson, South Carolina. 
CHEEKS. WILEY H., Pvt, Girard, Alabama. 
CHENEY, PRATHER, Pvt, Phoenix, Alabama. 
CHESTIAN, HILLIARD a, Pvt, Jackson, Alabama. 
CLEMENTS, JOHN M., Pvt, Opelika, Alabama. 
CLINE. HENRY E., Pvt, Wedowee, Alabama. 
COKER, JAY C Pvt, Eversrreen, Alabama. 
COLEMAN, CHARLES A., Pvt, Creola, Alabama. 
CRAWFORD, JOHN E., Mobile, Alabama. 
CRENSHAW, CLARENCE W., Pvt, Leroy, Alabama. 
CRIM, LUTHER J., Pvt, Calera, Alabama. 
CROSBY, WILl^IAM, Corp., Phoenix, Alabama. 
CUMBIE, ELMER C, Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
CUNNINGHAM, CLIFFORD, Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 
CURRIE, JABB, Corp., Alexander. Alabama. 
CURRY, JOB D., Pvt, River Falls, Alabama. 
DALTON, JOHN L, Pvt, Detroit, Alabama. 
DAVIS, ROY, Pvt, Castleberry, Alabama. 
DIGBY, ROY, Pvt, lat class, Girard, Alabama. 
DONOVAN, DAN J., Pvt, Montsromery, Alabama. 
DOUGLAS, TAYLOR, Pvt, Bluff Springs, Florida. 
DOYLE, MARSHALL N.. Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 
DUKE, JAMES I., 1st Sgrt, Opelika, Alabama. 
DUNN, CLAUDE M., Pvt, Salltpa, Alabama. 
EASTBURN, EUGENE R, Pvt, Delchampa, Alabama. 
EDWARDS, ROBIN, Pvt, Phoenix, Alabama. 
ELDRIDGE, COLUMBUS, Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 
ELLIOTT, GRANDVILLE, Sfft, Opelika, Alabama. 
ELLIS, JAMES C, Pvt, Darlingrton, Alabama. 
ELLISON, TALBERT C, Pvt, Creola, Alabama. 
ETHREDGE. MARION D., Pvt, Samson, Alabama. 
EWING, JOHN L., Pvt, Gardendale, Alabama. 
FALLIN. COURTNEY B., Corp., Montgromery, Alabama. 
FINCHER, HOMER, Pvt, Columbus, Georgria. 
FLETCHER, JASPER N., Pvt, Estell Springs, Alabama. 
FLETCHER, ROBERT, Pvt, Girard. Alabama. 
FLING, HOWARD S., Corp., LaGrange, Georgia. 
FORE, DEWITT, Pvt, Monroeville, Alabama. 
FRANKLIN, OSCAR, Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 
FRIDDLE, ALVER, Pvt, Thomasville, Alabama. 
FULLER, ARCHIE, Pvt, Wadley, Alabama. 
FULLERTON, OMER M., Pvt, 1st class. Phoenix, Alabama. 
GATES, MONROE J., Pvt, Thomasville, Alabama. 
GAY, ELDRIDGE, Sgt, Tallassee, Alabama. 
GAY, JOSEPH W., Pvt, Central, Alabama. 
GILES, DEWEY, Pvt, Fnsley, Alabama. 
GILMORE, HENRY L., Pvt, 1st class, Phoenix, Alabama. 
GLASSCOCK. JAMES, Pvt. Wetumpka, Alabama. 
GOLDEN, HENRY. Cook, Phoenix, Alabama. 
GOODE, JAMES C, Pvt, Lipscomb, Alabama. 
GREEN, LEWIS. Pvt, Castleberry, Alabama. 
GREENE, WILLIAM K. Corp.. Wedowee, Alabama. 
GRIFFEN, BOWEN, Pvt, Greenwood, Alabama. 
GRIGGS, CHARLIE. Pvt, Girard. Alabama. 
GRIGGS. OCIE O.. Pvt. let class, Girard, Alabama. 
GIRIGGS, ROYAL A.. Pvt. Girard, Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 389 

HALU HARTRIDOB» Pvt, MalTern, Alabama. 
HALI4 JB8SB A^ Prt.. ICalvern, Alabama. 
HAIX^ Wl LjgC R P., Corp.* Oeneya* Alabama. 
HAHMAQ WnXIAM H, Prt, Wallace, Alabama. 
HANCOdC GUS li.. Pvt.^ Columbus, Georeria 
HARDIN, LSEO, Mechanic,* Girard, Alabama 
HARR1CTJ» JOHN H., Pvt.^ Castleberry, Alabama 
HARRIS, ROBSRT P., Cori>., Tallaasee^ Alabama 
HATBQ, ERX9Z28T H.» Prt, Colnmbos, Alabama 
HAYES, HORACE Lb, Prt, Rldirelr. Tennessee. 
HATES, JOHN B., Pvt., Notasulffa, Alabama 
HENDRIX, MUiTON, Prt, Wylom, Alabama 
HESTLBT, DANIEL M., Busier, Shawmut, Alabama 
HIGGIN^ CHARTiWS R., Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama 
HODGB» JOB, Prt, Phoenix, Alabama 
HOLBICAN, nRARIiTE R., Pvt. Cottondale^ Alabama 
HOULET, MARION, Pirt., Wetumpka, Alabama 
HOOD, GT7RVI8, Pvt^ Smith Station, Alabama 
HOWARD, CDTiIJN, Prt., Oardendale, Alabama 
HUCKABT, CRAWFORD 1m, Corp., Llnesvllle, Alabama 
HUDSON, JOHN W., Pvt^ 1st class, Edison, Qeorffia 
HUFF, WTXJ8 C, Prt. Shawmut Alabama 
HUGGINaL T<B8f«nC L, Prt, Bluff Sprlnffs, Florida 
HUGHBSL GROV EB C, Corp., Slocomb, Alabama. 
HUGHES, JEFF, Prt, Warrior, Alabama 
HUTCHIMfit DAVID, Prt, Notasulga, AlabamiL 
INGRAM. ROBERT Ia, Prt, Brewton* Alabama. 
JERNIGAE; WUUAM H.. Pvt, Wallace, Alabama. 
JOHNSON, ERNEST U. T^rU Benolt Alabama. 
JOHNSON, QPTL l, Ihrt, Atlanta, Georgia 
JOHNSON, HENRY F., Corp., LaGraase, Georgia. 
JOHNSON, JOE H., Pvt, Auburn, Alabama 
JOHNSON, JOHN &, Corpi, Ever g r ee n, Alabama 
JOHNSON, RANDER, Corpu, Samson, Alabama 
JONES, B RADY , Ihrt, Clanton, Alabama 
JONES, IRVING C Cook, Columbus, Georflia 
KELLER, BERNARD, Prt, Louisville, Ohio. 
KELLY, HENRY G., Pvt, Eldridge, Alabama 
KELLY, OTIS H., Mechanic^ Glrard, Alabama. 
KINE8L HORACE, Sst, Center, Alabama. 
LiANGLEY, EMMETT CL, Pvt, Columbus, Georgia 
LATTA, HENRY, Pvt, 1st class, Canthan, Arkansaa 
LAVENDER, JOHN R., Pvt, Grove Hill, Alabama 
LJPFORD, OMIE, Pvt, 1st class, Glrard, Alabama 
LOOSEN, OTTO H., Supply Sgt, Opelika, Alabama 
LOTLESS, JAMES C, Pvt, Hilton. Georgia. 
LYONS, JB86E, Mechanic, Shawmut AlabamiL 
McCARLEY, WILLIS F., Pvt, Ist class, Shawmut Alabama 
McCartney, joe F^ Corp., Samson, Alabama 
McCOLLISPTER, WUXJAM T., Pvt, Phoenix, Alabama 
McCUNE, WnXJSl Pvt, 1st elass, Columbua Georgia 
Mcdonald, SAM a., Pvt, Jackson, Alabama 
McDURMONT, USAMAN, Corp., Coffee Springs, Alabama 
McOEEI, WHXi C, Pvt, Roba, Alabama 
McGRAW. PETE, Sgt, Opelika, Alabama 
McGUIRsi HB«NRY V., Pvt, Ist class. Phoenix, AlabamiL 



390 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



McOXTIRB, JOHN W^ Pvt, Notaaulffa, Alabi 

HcINISH, PAUL J.. Prt, Bclectic, Al&bami 

HoVBT, CURTIS, Pvt., McVey. Alabama. 

MAIDBN, WALTER O., Prt, Caatleberry, Alabi 

MARTIN. ALACA M., Pvt. CaaUeberry. Alabama. 

MARTIN, THAD, Prt., Oirard. Alabama. 

MATHBWS, FRANK, Prt. Montgomery, Alabama. 

MEADOWS* FLOTD, Pvt, Blrmlnflrhanu Alabama. 

MUXiER, CALiVIN Q., Corp., Samson, Alabama. 

MILLER, CHARLES H., Pyt, Jasper, Alabama. 

MILLICAN, yiROIL C, Corp.. Fabius, Alabama. 

MILSTEAD, ALBERT R., Pyt, Jackson, Alabama. 

MITCHELU COLLI8 W., Corp., Seale, Alabama. 

MOONK, ELYIN C, Prt. SuffffSyllle, Alabama. 

MX7LLIN, JOSEPH L, Pvt. Ist clsM, Phoenix, Alabama. 

NEESS3, OSCAR, Prt, Whistler, Alabama. 

NEBSE, OTTO, Pvt., Whistler, Alabama. 

NEW80MB, CHESTER, Prt, Girard, Alabama. 

NEWTON, JOHN G., Sfft, Slocomb, Alabama. 

NICHOLS, THOMAS A, Pvt, Evergreen. Alabama 

NIX, EDWARD, Pvt, Colnmbus, GeorffiiL 

O'HARA, BEN, Pvt, Opellka, Alabama. 

OLIVER, ARCHIE C., Pvt, Tallassee, Alabama. 

PARKER, EDWARD B., Corp., Wedowee, Alabama. 

PATTERSON, BYRON, Pvt. Ist class, OpeUka, Alabama. 

PATTERSON, HARVEY R., Pvt. Opellka, Alabama. 

PAYNE, SYDNIE A, Pvt, Grove Hill, Alabama. 

PEAGLER, FRANK, Pvt, Evergrreen, Alabama. 

PEAVY, JOE N., Pvt, BellviUe, Alabama. 

PETTY, THEOPHELUS U., Pvt, 1st class. Bluff Springra. Florida^ 

PIERSON, PAUL W., Pvt, Blrmingrham, Alabama. 

POWELL^ GEORGE A., Pvt, Carson, Alabama. 

POWELL^ WILLIE C, Pvt, LaGrangre, Georgria. 

PRATT, JOHN W., Pvt, Salem, Alabama. 

PRIBSTER, HENRY D., Pvt, SSamson, Alabama. 

PUTMAN, CLYDE, Pvt. Phoenix, Alabama. 

RATLIFF, EDGAR, Sgrt, Girard, Alabama. 

RAY, LEE, Corp., Phoenix, Alabama. 

RBNFRO, CLARENCE M., Mess Sst, Opellka, Alabama. 

RICE, IRVIN F., Pvt, 1st class, Opellka, Alabama. 

RICHARDSON, OSCAR T.. Pvt, Wetumpka, Alabama. 

RINFROE, JOHN, Corp., Samson, Alabama. 

RODGERS, JOE C, Pvt., Rupert Georgrla. 

SALTER, JOE W., Pvt, Opellka, Alabama. 

SEAY, EARLY. Pvt, CUntonvllle, Alabama. 

SHELTON, ERNEST, Pvt, Moulton, Alabama. 

SIKES, HERBERT C, Pvt, Wedowee, Alabama^ 

SIMON, HYMAN, Corp., Columbus, Georgrla. 

SMITH, BASCOM W., Sgrt, Slocomb, Alabama. 

SMITH, LLOYD. Pvt. Moreland, Alabama. 

SMITH. RYX X., Pvt, Evergreen, Alabama. 

SPIVEY, JOHN A. Pvt. Baker, Florida. 

STBPP. KIRK H.. Pvt, Landrura, South Carolina. 

STEVENSON, KOE, Pvt. Ashland. Alabama. 

STITT, JIM W., Corp., LaGran^e. Georgia. 

STRICKLAND. JOHN W.. Pvt, Birmingham. Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 391 

TALLIB» JOHN, Prt, Arondale, Alabama. 
TATLiOR, JUEL, Pvt., LaOrangre, Qeorffla. 
TERRELIi, CLtARENCB T., Buffler, Shawmut, Alabama. 
THAMES. RILET H.. Pvt, Andalusia, Alabama. 
THOMAS, WILET M., Pvt, Herbert, Alabama. 
THOMPSON, ROBERT H., Cor^, Hartford, Alabama. 
THORNTON, JOHN T., Pvt, Centervllle, Alabama. 
THORNTON, ROBERT M., Prt, Central, Alabama. 
TINDEUU SAM. Pvt, 81oc«mb, Alabama. 
TROUUS, ALBERT, Pvt, AdamsvlUe, Alabama. 
TRUITT, LOUIS R.. Pvt. Pratt City, Alabama. 
TURNER, FRANK T., Pvt, Phoenlz, Alabama. 
VEASBY,' DONALD. Corp., Colombus, Oeorflia. 
WALKER, LEE E., Pvt, Cullman, Alabama. 
WAliBIER. WILLIAM P., Cook, CoUman, Alabama. 
WALLACE, HUGH M., Sfft, Cusaeta. Alabama. 
WATTS. OBORQE O., Pvt 

WHATLEY, ALBERT 6.. Cori>., Opellka, Alabama. 
WHITE. TOM, Corp., Qadaden, Alabama. 
WHITTINOTON, WILLIAM M., Pvt, Sylacauffa. Alabama. 
WILKERSON, ENOCH H., Corp., Cuthbert Qeoreria. 
WILLJAMS, HARRY P., Pvt, Birmingrham, Alabama. 
WILLIAMS. HERBERT H., Pvt, Brooklyn, Alabama. 
WILXJAMS» INGE W7, Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 
WILXiIAMS, LOUIE R, Pvt, Columbus, Geor^a. 
WILLIAMS, MARTIN L, Pvt, Raymond. Mlasisaippl. 
WILLIAMSON, ERWIN. Pvt, Clanton, Alabama. 
WILSON, HERBERT, Pvt, BirminiTbam. Alabama. 
WINTERS^ EDDIE. Pvt, let class. Phoenix, Alabama. 
WOODLEY, JASPER N., Pvt, Jasper, Alabama. 
WORD. CLAUDE G., Sfft, Wedowee. Alabama. 
WORLEY, LONNIE, Pvt, Acipco, Alabama. 
WRIGHT. ANDREW, Pvt, Qlrard, Alabama. 
WYCHE, THOMAS A, Pvt. lat class. LaFayette. Alabama. 
YORK. LOUIS W., Pvt, Birmingrham. Alabama. 
TOUNG. JOHN W., Pvt, 1st clasa. Phoenix, Alabama. 

Company K 

GaptalB HORTIMUR B. JOBDAN, 1449 Milner Crescent Birmingrham. Ala. 

laC lAemt, ALAN M. SMITH* 4S1S 6th Ave. South. Birmingrham, Alabama. 

lat Ltevt. HUGH W. liBSTBR, RF.D. S. Box 200 A, Birmingham. Ala. 

Sd Llcvt 'WALTER R. LAWSON, Kissysimee, Florida. 

Sd Llcvt. ROT F. SHARP, 408 Murrell St. Balllnfirer. Texas. 

2d Ltevt. HBRBBRT CORLEY, Terrell. Texas. 

2d Ltewt A. B. CURLBY, Texas City, Texaa 

ALLEN. ARDEN R, Cook. Cooper. Alabama. 

ALLISON. ARCHIE B.. Pvt, Birmingrham. Alabama. 

ANDERSON. VAYDEN L. Pvt. Sunny South. Alabama. 

ARDOYNO. CHARLIE. Pvt, 464 a Cedar St, Mobile, Alabama. 

ATWOOD. JOSEPH L, Corp.. Birmingham, Alabama. 

AUTREY. HENRY M.. Pvt. Sunny South. Alabama. 

AVERA. BAYARD R. Cook. Avera. Mississippi. 

AVERY. JESSE, Pvt, Black. Alabama. 

BARBER, WILLIE B.. Pvt. Milbry. Alabama. 

BARRETT, WILLIAM C, Corp., 2101 6th Ave. N., Birmingrham, Alabama. 



392 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

BARTON, JOHN W., PvL, Samson. Alabama. 

BASS, JAMBSL Prt, HonUTomery, Alabama. 

BELJU OLiENN A., PvU SOie N. 12Ul Ave., Birmingham. Alabama. 

BFJJ<, ^UET, PvU QraceviUe, Florida^ 

BLACK. JAMBS A., Pvt, Beatrice, Alabama. 

BLACKMAN, STIN80N R, Sflrt., Birmingham. Alabama. 

BOLIN, PAUIi I*, Buflrler, Birminflrbam, Alabama. 

BONNER, HAMILTON H., Prt, 806 Selma St.. MobUe, Alab 

BOSWELU JAMES K, Prt, Hartford, Alabama. 

BOULiET, LOT7IS T., Prt, Mobile, Alabama. 

BRANNON, MAL.COM. Prt. Hartford, Alabama. 

BREAUX, WALiLACE, Prt, BoQgrh, Louisiana. 

BRINSON, WTTJiTAM T., Prt, Montgomery. Alabama. 

BURCH, Wn^LIE, Pvt., Dalevllle, Alabama 

BURCH, WILLIAM, Prt, Black, Alabama. 

BURRAOB, HERBERT D., Prt., Axis, Alabama. 

BYRD, ARTHUR, Pvt., Sampson, Alabama. 

BYRD, JIM F., Prt. Birmingham, Alabama. 

CALLOWAY, WALTER, Pvt., DeatsviUe, Alabama. 

CAMMANDBR, THOMAS D., Pvt, Hartford. Alabama, 

CANADT, HOTT A., Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 

CANTRELU BARNEY IC, Pvt, Rochell. Oeorffia. 

CASEYp CARSE M., CoriK, Slocomb, Alabama. 

CHAMBLISS, MALCOM G., Buflrler> SSI Catomo St. Montcromery, Alabaiu 

CHESHIRE, ROSS M., Cook, Slocomb, Alabama. I 

CHESTANO, JOHN P., Pvt, Citronelle, AlabamiL 

CLENNER, BARLEY W., Pvt, Coopers, Alabama 

COBB, ALTO, Pvt, Dothan, Alabama 

COCHRAN, BUFORD F., Pvt. Lowell, Alabama. 

COOK, GUSTAVO L., Pvt,* BlrminsTham, .Alabama. 

COOLEY, CHARLIE M., Pvt, Brookside, Alabama. 

CORNELIUS, FRED, Pvt, RF.D. S, Oneonta* Alabama. 

COTHRON, CABOT, Pvt, Deatsville, Alabama. 

COUCH, HARRY P., Sfft, 818 a S6th St, Birmingham, Akibama. 

COUCH, SAM G., Pvt, Annlston, Alabama. 

CRAFT, JAMBS C. Pvt, Mobile^ Alabama. 

CROWDER, WILBBR, Pvt, 619 Bmma Ave., Birmingham, Alabama 

CULLEN, LESTER M., Sgt, 18S6 Lee Ave., Birmingham. AiiOMt^wf^ 

DAVIDSON, ELMO a, Pvt, Axena, Mississippi. 

DAVIS, GEORGE W., Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 

DAVia JOHN P., 1st Sgt, 1480 Catherine Ave., Birmlnghara, Ai^i^^a 

DAWSON, JAMES A., Mech., Birmingham, Alahama. 

DAY, CHAP P., Pvt, Argo, Alabflima. 

DENMARK, JOHN P., Pvt, Mohoba, MississlppL 

DENNia RICHARD P., Pvt, Mountain Creek, Alabama. 

DICKINSON, FATE, Pvt, Citronelle, Alabama. 

DOWNEY, DANIEU Pvt, Natural Bridge, AlabamiL 

DREWBSRY, GBORGB H., Sgt, Garmsey, Alabama. 

DUFFY, JOHN H., JR., Pvt, 60S Church St, Mobile^ Alabama. 

DUNN, WILLIAM B., Pvt, Camden, Alabama 

DUNSON, WILLIEL Pvt, Samson, Alabama. 

DYKEa LEONARD V., Pvt. Tibbie. Alabama. 

EDWARDa JOE, Pvt, Roberts, Alabama. 

ELKINa STEPHEN B., Sgt, 111 7th St, Birmingham, Alabama. 

BLLAa ROY a. Pvt, 2804 88th Ava, Birmingham. Alabama. 

BNGLBT, CLARENCE A., Pvt. Sunny South, Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 393 

Z:il.II>OE. OBOROE W., Prt, Dickaon Mill, Alabama. 

^TT, CARL JSL, Pyt, Wadsworth, Alabama. 

^T^FSY, MOSE, Prt, Morris, Alabama. 

JlLiI^NER, Huffk Xa, Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

E^OUSON. ISIABJUEY C. Pvt, AquUla, Alabama. 

gnSrTMTNQ, JAMES 8L, Pvt., Birmlngrham. Alabama. 

f TSB, HUGHIiET &, Corp., Birminerbam, Alabama. 

£"£:, JOHN C, >Tt, Claiborne, Alabama. 

F*FI>fEY, WTTJJAM F., Cook, Birmingham, Alabama. 

E^O^^SR* SAMUEU Pvt^ Vinegar Bend, Alabama. 

fr^BX PORTER C, Pvt. Mobile, Alabama. 

>T iK Y, DEWITT, Corp., Dolomite, Alabama. 

A^S» JAMES R, Prt, Jemlson, Alabama, 

ASS, WILXJAM Ik. Pvt, Birmingham, Ala. 

ILi£>£:N, HERBERT D., Prt, HanacevlUe, Alabama 

Or>MAN. USSUE a, Corp., 681 S Mitchell St. Mobile, Alabama. 

..A.CS, MORRIS Lb, Prt, Calvert Alabama. 

.XISK, JOHN A., JR., Pvt, Ararat Alabama. 

.E1£1R, NEII4, Pvt, Iilffhtwood, Alabama. 

.IfTFINO, ROBERT B., Pvt, Monticello, BClsBlBSlppi. 

:IMB8, WHJLIE T., Pvt, Koenton, Alabama. 

rST, HAROLD R, Pvt. 616 Madison St, Wankeegaa, Illinoia 

.3(ILiTON, EUGENE P., Pvt, Prlcfaard, Alabama. 

LN:B3, HENRY A:, JR., Pvt, R.F.D. 1, Mobile, Alabama. 

LN^SBERQER, BRUCE N., Pvt, Birmingham. Alabama. 

^R1>WICK. HERMAN, Pvt, Ardilla, Alabama. 

^RMON, JOHN A., Corp., Lewisburg, Alabama. 

ILRRISOIl FRANK J., Supply Sgt, Edgewater, Alabama 

^JtTUaTY, THOMAS F., Pvt« Hartford, Alabama. 

f^KVTLLE, BRAXTON K, Corp., Edgewater, Alabama. 

AW^KINS* CHAKLTB B., Pvt, 2608 7th Ave., Wylam, Alabama. 

^YSS. ISLiMUS J., Pvt, Adamsville^ Alabama. 

EUNCKELJ^ BMELE, Corp., Birmingham, Alabama 

BNDRICE:S, Frank. Corp., Pratt City. Alabama. 

EU^DRICES, R. P., Pvt, Greenville, Alabama. 

EINDRICKS, WINSTON. Pvt. Greenville^ Alabama. 

EINNIGAN. OSCAR R.« Pvt, S618 27th St. Birmingham, Alabama. 

EINSON, CARY. Pvt« Hawthorne, Alabama. 

SNSON. RAY, Corp., ^awtherne, Alabama. 

ICKS, WILMBR Bl. Pvt, Alemedla, Alabama. 

OI>GESL ARTHUR J., Pvt. Birmingham, Alabama. 

OLXftAN, DEWEY lb, Pvt, Hartford. Alabama. 

iOMBR, ANDREW W., Pvt. Cedar Point Road. Mobile. Alabama. 

lOUGBSEIN, HARRY J., Pvt, Vinegar Bend. Alabama. 

lOWARD, HOVEY C, Pvt, Birmingham^ Alabama. 

[UOHES, FLOYD, Corp.. Embry. MlssisslppL 

[UNTEEt. CARL J., Pvt. Clantom, Alabama. 

CURST. ROBERT. Pvt, Dothan. Alabama. 

tUTCE^ENS. HENRY, Pvt. Jakin, Georgia. 

lYATT. JAMES G.. Pvt, Tibbie, Alabamau 

OHNSON, BONA N., Pvt, Gracevllle, Florida. 

rOHNSON, ULWRBNCE G., Pvt. Birmingham, Alabama. 

rOLLY. ERNEST C. Mech.. Birmingham, Alabama. 

rONES, liONNIE M.. Pvt. Lomaz, Alabama. 

SEULiET. MAXWEIiLi J., Pvt, Fairford. Alabama. 

KELLEY. RICHMOND H.. Pvt, Fairford. Alabama. 



394 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

KEIXBT, WALTER D.p PTt» AdamsvlUe, AUtMuna. 

KIRKLAND, FOUNTAIN, Pvt, Star Route $, Btrmlnffham, Atmh<nM 

KORNEGAT, FLOYD, Pvt, Doyhan, Alabama. 

IiANE, HIRAM, Pvt, Tolnette, Alabama. 

LAYINGHOUSEZ. JOHN E. B., Pvt, 402 ConcepUon SL. MobU^ AlalasL 

LEE, JAMES A., Pvt., Montevallo, Alabama. 

LEE, ROY, Pvt, Beaumont MisalBslppL 

LEE, WILLIAM L L, Pvt, Wllmer. Alabama. 

LEHMAN, WILLIAM F., Corp., 1826 N. 24th St, Birminsham. Alabaau. 

LEWIS, ERWIN L, Pvt, Creola, Alabama. 

LITTLE. ARTHUR, Pvt, Vlllaire Sprinflrs, Alabama. 

LITTLE, JAMES W., Corp., 810 Herron St, Montgomery. A l a b a ma 

LOCKHART, FRANK, Pvt, Clanton, Alabama. 

LORD, JAMBS W., Pvt, Creola, Alabama. 

LOUIS, CHARLIE, Pvt, Orady, Alabama. 

LOVE, CONNIE, Pvt, Headland, Alabama. 

LOVE, PRESLEY E., Sgt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

LOVBMAN, BBRNET R, Sfft, care Loveman, Joseph A Loeb, Blrmiaf- 

ham, Alabama. 
LOWERY. JOHN A., Pvt, Semmes, Alabama. 

LYON, JULIAN N., Pvt, 107 & ConcepUon St, Mobile, Alabama. 
McCain, JOHN B., Wetnmpka, Alabama. 
McCOY, THOMAS J., Pvt, Beaumont, Mississippi. 

Mcdonald, DOVARD L, Pvt, 616 N. 22d St, Birmingham. Alabama 
McGAUQH, JOSEPH H., Corp., Cordova, Alabama. 
McGHEE MACK. Pvt, Atmore, Alabama. 
McGLAW^, JESSE, Pvt, Lanett, Alabama. 
McCREERY, WALLACE, Corp., Birmingham, Alabama. 
McGUIRE, JAMES, Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 
MALONB, ALFRED M., Pvt, S&yreton, Alabama. 
MALONE, CLEVE P., Corp., Mobile, Alabama. 
MALONE, JOHN A., Corp., Birmingham, Alabama. 

MARTINEZ, WALLACE M, Pvt, 868 Washington Avew, Mobile, AUteai 
MASON, ARREL Y., Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 
MAYES, EDWARD B., Pvt, Crichton, Alabama. 
MERCER, JOHN E., Pvt, Pachuta, MississippL 
MHOON, CHARLES E., Pvt, GraceviUe, Florida. 
MILLARD, LESLIE J., Mess Sgt, Birmingham, Alabama. 
MILLS, CLAUDE, Pvt, Geneva, Alabama. 
MIMMS, ROBERT L, Pvt, Escatawpa, Alabama. 
MITCHELL, CHARLIE, Pvt. 1000 Congress St, Mobile, Alabama. 
MOORE. ERNEST, Pvt, Rendalia, Alabama. 
MOORE, LEE, Pvt, Winterboro, Alabama. 
MOORE, SPURGEON, Pvt, R.F.D. 2, Talladega, Alabama. 
MOORE, WALTER D., Sgt, Bradford, Alabama. 
MURPHY, PURSE, Pvt, Malvern, Alabama. 
ONDERDONK, HENRY A., Pvt. Chatom, Alabama. 
OWENS, GEORGE K., Pvt, Citronelle, Alabama. 
PARRISH, JAMES J., Pvt, Irondale, Alabama. 
PATE. AMER N.. Pvt, Osark, Alabama. 
PATJANS. WILLIAM H., Pvt, Cullman, Alabama. 
PATRICK, BUCK H., Pvt, Escatampa, Alabama. 
PAULK. JOHN. Pvt, Cottonwood. Alabama. 
PEARSON, HENRY C, JR., Pvt, Sunny South, Alabama. 
PBTTUS, NORTHERN, Pvt, HancevIUe, Alabama. 
PLATT, KERRY H., Pvt, Escatawpa, Alabama, 



COMPLETE ROSTER 395 

POBST, JOHN W., Pvt, R.F.D. 4» Dothan, Alabama. 

PRATT, ROBERT, Corp., 7811 Hillman Ave.» Birmlnfirham, Alabama. 

RHODES, PERCET H.. Pyt, Saville, Alabama. 

RIQSBT. ROBERT N., Pvt, Morrison, Tennesaee. 

ROBBRTS^ WE8UST, Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 

ROBINSON, ARGX7NB88, Pvt, Clanton, Alabama. 

ROBINSON. J. P., Prt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

ROSSER, THOMAS^ Pvt, Bessemer, Alabama. 

RU DD, M ALT, Cori>.^ New Castle, Alabama. 

RUTSl'EI NE. BE NJA*MIN, Pvt, Boston, Massachusetta 

RTLANT, RIVERS H., Prt. 721S Sd Ave. N., Birmingham, Alabama 

SANDERS, JOSEPH A., Pirt., Slocomb, Alabama. 

SCARBOROUGH, JAMES Lh, Pvt., Snnny South, Alabama. 

SCHRBINBR, ERNEST H., Pvt, 409 Charleston St, Mobile, Alabama. 

SEAU3, MITCHELL J., Sflrt, Birmlnerham, Alabama 

SEAT, T AL BERT F., Pvt, Sampson, Alabama. 

SHE EHAN, WILLIAM B., Pvt, Cox Heath, Alabama. 

SHEPHERD, WnxIAM B., Corp., Covln^rton, Oeorerla. 

8HERRELI4 JOHN R, Sfft, Birmingham, Alabama. 

shivers; KENOTH, Pvt, Hartford, Alabama. 

SHOIJSB, JOHN, Pvt, 82S Herron St, MontfiTomery, Alabama. 

SKIPPER, HOSEA, Pvt, Dothan, Alabama. 

SMITH, EUCLtD J., Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

SMITH, J. C, Pvt, Altoona, Alabama. 

SMITH, HANNIS R, Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 

8PINKS, SAMUEL Ll, Pvt, Thomasvllle, Alabama. 

STEWART, JOHN Ll, Pvt, Hartford, Alabama. 

8WANN, ROSS R, Pvt, Garden City, Alabama. 

THAMES, THOMAS M., Pvt, Cltronelle, Alabama. 

THOMASL DEWITT, Corp., Hartford, Alabama. 

THOMAS, CHARLIE, Pvt, Columbus, Georflia. 

THOMAS^ OSCAR R, Corp., Warrior, Alabama. 

THOMPSON, ERNEST N.. Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 

THOMPSON, LEWIS &, Pvt, Chatom, Alabama. 

TRAINOR, EVERETT T., Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

TRAINOR, JAMBS T., S^, Birmingham, Alabama. 

TROUTON, Bollard T., Pvt, RF.D. l, Newman, Georgrla. 

VANN, JAMES M., Pvt, DeatsvlUe, Alabama. 

VERMILLION, JOHN Eb, Mech., Edgewater, Alabama. 

VOOEX4 BERTRAM J., Corp., 887 Dauphin St, Mobile, AlabamiL 

WATBR6L LEO, Pvt, Mobile, Alabama. 

WATFORD, LBANDER, Pvt, Slocomb, Alabama. 

WATFORD, ROBERT, Pvt, GraceviUe, Florida. 

"Wl^B, FLETCHER, Pvt, Seaboard, Alabama. 

W12LBORN, FLOYD C, Corp., Birmingham, Alabama. 

WHIDBT, GEORGE T., Pvt, Calrent, Alabama. 

WTNOENDBR, HENRT, Corp., Bon Secour, Alabama. 

WILKINSON, ALBERT C, Pvt, Calvert, Alabama. 

WILLMAN, CHARLIE G., Pvt, Cltronelle, Alabama. 

WILLIAMS. DANIEL C, Pvt, St Stephens, Alabama. 

WILLIAMS, PAUL R, Pvt, Chunky, MlssisslppL 

WILLJAMS, VAN D., Pvt, Bluff Sprlnss, Florida. 

WILSON, HB«NRT W., Pvt, Stapleton, Alabama. 

WOLFEl, DEWET H., Pvt, Camden, Alabama. 

WOOD, WILET H., Corp., Tallassee. Alabama. 

WOODALU MABRT W., Corp., 6881 Grand Ava, Birmingham, Alabama. 



396 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

WOODRUFF, RUPBRT, Prt., Dawson Sprlngi* AlalMLaUL 
WOOTB2N. JOHN R. PrL, Anniston. AlalMuna. 
WRIOHT. ROT C, PtI. Birmlngluuii, Altthitma 
WRSN, HARMON E., HedL* BlrmlBffhanu Alahama. 

Company L 

Captate JOB P. Binnrconi, AlatMuna City. AUtbama. 

tmt lAemL SCOTT I^ KINO» Abilene, Tezaa 

Imt Ltevt. WHiTJAM A. F. MONCTURB* Tezaai 

M lilrat. WnaiirB K BT IAM TEK Fort Worth. Tezaa. 

M lilMit. ANDRBW ASHBI7HR, BmoeTlUe^ Texas. 

M IJeat. THOMAS ■• FAULAW, Opellka, Alabama. 

M lilcat. FRAlfK D. 9C<»TTOir, 1019 K Oampbell St.. El PaMb TeiU 

AARON, JOHN. Prt, Axley, Alabama. 

AARON. yiRQIL EL, PtI. Arley. Alabama, 

ALEXANDER, HOXTSTON: Pyt. Kennedy. Alabama. 

ALEXANDER. TALMAOB. PrU Union Qrove^ Alabama. 

ANTHONY. POPE A^ FrU Bailey. Alabama. 

ARMSTRONO. ACTON. Prt. Cki4aden. Alabama 

AUSTIN, EDWARD. PrU Bear Creek, Alabama. 

BAIRD, LiEM O. Prt, Qain, Alabama 

BASWELiU PRESTON. SfX* WelUnflrton, Alabama 

BAUGH, E DWARD , Prl. Omnterarille, Alabama. 

BENTON, LUTHER i^ Prt.. Cooaada, Alabama 

BERRT. DEW EY, PtU QuatennriUe, Alabama 

BERRY, HURSHELU Prt* OnnterarilK Alabama 

BLACK. WELCOME H.. Sfft., CKinterariUe. Alabama. 

BLACKWELI% HENRY W.» Pt1« Selma* Alabama 

BROWN. C AR3U Pvt, Hamilton, Alabama. 

BROWN, HENRY P« Corp.. Montgomery. Alabama 

BROWN. HEWETT A., Prt., Qardo^ Alabama 

BROWN. JAMES Za, PtI. Kaniaa Alabama. 

BROWN. ROBERT. PtL. Oakmaa. Alabama 

BOLDINO. CALVIN. Cook, QuatersTille. Alabama 

BOSWEH^ THOMAS M.. Prl, Glanton. Alabama 

BOYETT. HOWARD. Prt. Hamilton, Alabama 

CAMPBEILU ERNEST 8L. Prt.* Selma, Alabama 

CAMPBELU PATRICK F^ Prt.. Yolande, Alabama 

CARPENTER, BERNICB. Pvt, HamUton. Alabama 

CARROLU WILLIAM (X. Corp.. PlanterariUe. Alabama 

CHAMBERS. WILLIAM H.. Prl, tlS Cedar ATa. Birmingham, AUb«* 

CHANCEY. CLAUD, Prt. Bnterprlae. Alabama 

CHISM, REYNOLDa Prt. Oalera* Alabama 

CHISM, ARCHIE, Coi^, Tnaoalooea, Alabama 

CHRISTENBERRY. CURN. Prt., Z^nderaTille, Alabama 

CHRISTIAN, SAM, Prt, R.F.D1 1. Toaoalooaa. Alabama. 

CLARK. JACK. Prt. Oadaden, Alab a m a 

CLEVELAND. ARNOLD R, Meaa Sgt. Walnat Orore, Alabama 

COFFMAN, THOMAS W. B.. Prt. R.F.D. 1. Enaley, Alabama 

COLEMAN, DAVTD B., Prt, Oreensboro* Alabama 

COLEY, OSCAR F., Prt, Fort Pasme, Alabama 

COLLIER, ROBERT K. Prt. Selma. Alabama 

CONN. ZEKE. Prt. Birmingham, Alabama 

COOK, AUGUSTUS B., Pvt, Whlteaburg, Georgia 

COOK, CLAUDE E., Prt, S18 Church St, Selma Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 397 

COOK, HBNRT 1m, Pvt, SOS Mezey St, Selma, Alabama.* 

OOX, ROSCOB, Cook, Annlston, Alabama 

CRABBB, JAMES C, Pvt, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 

CRANB, HARRT A., Pvt, Birmln^faajn, Alabama. 

CRUSE, JIM. Pvt, care Merrimao Mills, Henrysville, Alabama 

CREEI4 IVAN, Pvt, Boas, Alabama. 

CREWS, JOHN T., Pvt, Union Town, Alabama. 

CROCKER, WTLLIAM Ia, Sfft, Attalla, AlabamiL 

CROCKETT, JAMES D.. Prt, 2821 Ava F, Blrminffbam, Alabama 

cruse; HENRT R, Corp., Huntsvillo, Alabama. 

CUMMINGS, JOHN, Pvt, Onntersvllle, Alabama 

DAILEY, CHRISTOPHER C, Pvt, Sctoia, Alabama. 

jyBUFFQ, NEWTON, Pvt, Florence, Alabama 

DeTAMPERT, ROBERT, Pvt, Union Town, Alabama 

DUKE, KEOWN. Pvt, Bar Sprlnsrs, MississtppL 

SIAfiTTES, AIiLEN, Pvt, Brlgrhton, Alabama. 

BEDS, JAMES P., Pvt, Ethelvllle, Alabama. 

EERWIN. GEORGE W., Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 

BDDINGS* OSCAR, Pvt, Pineapple, AlabamiL 

BIMMONDS. liAWRENCB C, Pvt, Coatapa* Alabama 

EVAN S, JAKE, Pvt, Calera, Alabama 

EVERETT. WALTER. Pvt. Acton, Alabama. 

FARRISk WIT J J AM, Pvt, R.F.D. 2, Tascaloosa, Alabama 

FAV OR, JOSEPH H., Pvt, Drain, Alabama. 

FIELDING, JOHN, Corp., Gnntersville, Alabama. 

FItANBGAH, THOMAS, Bnffler, Annlston, Alabama 

FLETCHER, COLONEU Pvt, GvnteraviUe, Alabama 

FLETCHER, NEWMAN, Pvt, GuntersvlUe, Alabama 

FLYNN, I1E8TER, Pvt, Beaverton, Alabama. 

FORF, NBIU P^t, Hamilton, AlabamiL 

FULLER, JOE, Pvt, Jobna Alabama 

GABLE, BEE, Pvt, Oneonta, Alabama 

GARDNER, JOHN, Pvt, Chandler Sprinira Alabama. 

GARNER, DEWEY, Corp., Annlston, Alabama. 

GARNER, JACK, Pvt, Annlston, Alabama 

GEORGE, FRANK, Wt, Blockton, Alabama. 

GIBSON, WILLIS, Corp., Vineffar Bend, Alabama 

OIIiES, NOBLE, Pvt, Halesrville, Alabama. 

GOFFORD, RICHARD, Pvt, Vallerhead, Alabama 

GOLDEN, liONNIE, Pvt, Scottsboro, Alabama 

GOSA, ERNEST, Pvt, Utaw, Alabama. 

graham; F. M., Pvt, 8380 Sloss Ave^, Birmingham, Alabama 

GRANT. GROVER, Pvt, Onntersvllle, AlabamiL 

GRAY, J. C Pvt, Lonffvlew, Alabama. 

GREGG. IftANO, Pvt, Cordova, AlabamiL 

GRODON, CLAUD D.. Corp., Annlston, Alabama. 

GUTHRIE, HOUSTON, Pvt, Sipser» Alabama. 

HAGGARD, BERT, Pvt, 402 Tuscaloosa Ava, Birmingham, Alabama 

HATiT» HERMAN W., Pvt, 1611 Central Ava, Gadsden, Alabama 

HAMTT^ BURLEY, C<H*p., Guntersville, Alabama. 

HAMMOCK, WILLIS J., Pvt, Union Grove, Alabama 

HANNA, EBA, Corp., Choocolocco, Alabama. 

HARRISON. HOMER, Pvt, Annlston, Alabama. 

HATFIEOJ). MILTON, Pvt, Whitewell, Tennessea 

HEATON, JOHN W., Pvt. 8th Ava, Wylam. Alabama 

HENDERSON, AIiFRBD J., Pvt, Alabama City, Alabama 



398 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

HBNDBRSON. BRNBST. PrU AXbertrlUe. Alabama. 

HBSTBR. HBNRT* Pvt, GuntersvlUe, Alabama. 

HICB, BRNEST A.* Mecbantc, Unaley, Alabama. 

HTT«I^ DOCK, Corp.. Huntavllle, Alabama. 

HTTiT^ WnjJAM, Pvt, Yolande, Alabama. 

HINBS^ FRANK C, Pvt, let class, Alabama City, Alabama. 

HINTON, WTTifJAM a, Pvt., Reform, AlatMuna. 

HITT, D. C. Prt.. Alabama City, Alabama. 

HOLCOMB, LONNIB B., Prt, Cordova, Alabama. 

HOLDER, MATHBW A., Cor|>., 1126 Chestnut St. W., Gartaden, 

HOUDAT, LUDDIB J.» Prt., Bulllgrent, Alabama. 

HOLLAND, TOM. Pvt, Valleyhead. Alabama. 

HOLLIS, HUGH L., Cori>., Selma, Alabama 

HOLTZ, WELLIAM H., Corp., Wylam, Alabama 

HOWELL. WADE B., Pvt, Union Grove, Alabama 

HUDGING^ WILLIE 8.. Pvt.. Union Grove, Alabama. 

HULSBY, ROBERT T., Prt, Gadsden, Alabama 

HURSHBLL, CONN, Sfft, Attalla, AUbama 

HUSKET, WALTER D., Mechanic, HnntsviUa Alabama. 

HUTTO, STERLING, 8^, PlantersvlUe, Alabama 

JAQUB88, GENERAU Corp., Inland, Alabama 

JAQUESS, JAMES, Pvt. Inland. Alabama 

JENKINS, LONNIB, Pvt, GttntersvlUa Alabama 

JONES, ELMER, Pvt, Hot Sprlnga Arkansaa 

JONES, HOMER &, Pvt, Coatapa Alabanuu 

KELLY, CHARLES P., Corp., R.F.D. S, Blackton, Alabama. 

KOLODNER, CHARLIE, Pvt, Calera, Alabama 

KORNEGAY, DBWEY, Pvt. R.F.D. S, Centerville, Alabama. 

KORNEGAY, REUBEN C, Pvt, R.F.D. S, Centerville. Alabama. 

LANCASTER. MARVIN. Pvt. Reet Alabama 

LAYCOCK. ANDERS, Pvt. Northport Alabama 

LEDLOW. DALTON, Pvt, Bchola. Alabama 

LEONARD. PAUL T., Pvt, Piedmont. MissourL 

LEVBRETT, starling, Pvt. Alabama City, Alabama. 

LEVY, CBDRIC M., Mechanic, Birmingham, Alabama 

LINDSBY, WALTER, Pvt, Anniston, Alabama 

LIPSCOMB, BEN, Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama 

LITTLBPAGB, CONNIE T., Pvt. Union Town, Alabama. 

LOGAN, ROBERT N.. Pvt, Monlton, Alabama 

LOGAN, WALTER B.. Pvt, Uniontown, Alabama 

LUCK. JOHN J., Pvt, 126 SSd St. Birmingrham, Alabama. 

LUTES, ARTHUR, Sfft. Attalla Alabama 

LYLES, AUSTIN B., Pvt, Uniontown, Alabama. 

McATEER, Lester. Pvt, Gordo, Alabama. 

McCLENDON, ROBERT. Pvt, GuntersviUe, Alabama 

McCRARY. SIDNEY &, Pvt, 2200 Hardy Ava, Selma. Alabama. 

Mcdonald, jambs K.. Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama 

McGINNIS. GEORGE W., 7420 Georgria Ave.. Birmingham. Alabamt 

McGregor, RUSSELL M., Corji., Cltronelle, Alabama 

McElBB, BMMETT, Corp.. Clanton, Alabama 

McKINSTRY, GEORGE a, Corp., 261 St Anthony St, Mobile. Alabama 

McWILLIAM, JOHN M., Pvt, McWlUlama Alabama 

MALONE, FRANK, Corp., 918 Palmetto St, Mobile. Alabama. 

MALONB. NOAH D., Pvt. Elrod, Alabama 

MASON. JAMES A., Pvt, Cullman, Alabama 

MASSINGILU a N.. Supply Sirt. Alabama City, Ai«i.«,«f,, 



COMPLETE ROSTER 399 

I 

)CATTOX» BZRA SI, Pvt, Walnut Ridire. Arkansas. 

HAXWBI4U UIWRENCB M., Prt, Manchester, Alabama. 

MATTON, THOMAS J., Pvt., Uniontown, Alabama. 

MERRBTT, ALVI8 M.. Bugler, Alabama City. Alabama. 

METERS^ OSCAR, Corp., Edgewater, Alabama. 

MILNER, JAMES P.. Pvt. Columbiana, Alabama. 

MILSTEAD. JAMES R., Pyt., Acton, Alabama. 

MITCHELiU LUKE, Mechanic, Guntersville, AlabamiL 

MOORE, CAR I» Pv t, Jasper, Alabama. 

MORROW, PETTufi, Pvt, Summerfleld« Alabama. 

MXJRPHET, NELSON, Pvt, Eotin, Alabama. 

MURPHET, WILLIAM 1, Pvt, Dublin, Oeorgria. 

NEELY, ROBERT E., Pvt, 1904 Ave. E South, Birmingrham, Alabama. 

NEWMAN. CLIFFORD, Corp., S68 George St, Mobile, Alabama. 

NICHOLS, JAMES P., Pvt, Thomaston, Alabama. 

NIX, CHARLES a, Pvt, OuntersviUe, Alabama. 

NUNNALLT, JAMES R., Pvt, Ashvllle, Alabama. 

OQLETREE, WILLIE T., Pvt, Blockton, Alabama. 

OTWELU EMMETT D., Pvt, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 

PALMER, ERNEST D., Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 

PARKER, ERNEST Lb, Pvt, Huntsville, Alabama. 

PERDUE, JOHN W., Pvt, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 

PERRY, ALLEN Q^ Pvt, Boas, Alabama. 

PHILLIPS, ROBERT H., Pvt, Thomaston* Alabama. 

PIERCE, WILLIAM E., Pvt, McWilUams, Alabama. 

PORTER, JAMES E., Pvt, Huntsville, Alabama. 

POSEY, REUBEN a, Pvt, Greensboro, Alabama. 

PRESTRIDGE, WILLIAM E.. Pvt, Fulton, MississippL 

PRINCE, CALVIN Im, Corp., Oxford, Alabama. 

PRITCHETT, THOMAS M., Pvt, Uniontown. Alabama. 

RAY, JESSE P., Corp., Star Route 2, Birmingham, Alabama. 

REECB, DEWEY, Pvt, Valleyhead, Alabama. 

REESE, JOHN T., Cook, Alabama City, Alabama. 

REID, WILLIAM G., Pvt, Anniston, Alabama. 

RHODES, CECIL W., Selma, Alabama. 

RICHTER, CHARLES A, Pvt, 60Q7 Ist Ave., Birmingham, Alabama. 

RIGGINS; WILLIAM. Pvt, Dimond, Alabama. 

ROBERT, MARION, Pvt, Jasper, Alabama. 

ROBERTSON, IKE A., Pvt, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 

ROBINSON, DEE, PVt, Cordova* Alabama. 

ROBINSON, WILLIAM M., Pvt, Jasper, Alabama. 

ROGERS, THOMAS C, Wt, Selma* Alabama 

llOMINE, TITUS, Pvt, Oakman, Alabama. 

RUSS, TOMMIB, Pvt, Rockford, Alabama. 

SAMPLE, JOHN, Pvt, AlbertviUe, Alabama. 

SANDERS, JOHN, Pvt, Akron, Alabama. 

8ANDLIN, CLAUD Q^ Pvt, Carbon Hill, Alabama. 

SCOTT, CURTIS I^, Pvt, Reform. Alabama. 

8HAFTER, OTTS, Pvt, Beaverton, Alabama. 

SHARPTON, 1a C, Sgt, Alabama City, Alabama. 

SHAVER, EARI4 Corp., 217 4th Ave., Dayton, Tennessee. 

SILVEY, GEORGE E., Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 

SIMS, ALBERT J., Pvt, Mobile. Alabama. 

SIZEMORE JESSIE. Pvt, Valleyhead, Alabama. 

SKINNER, FRANK H., Pvt, Union town, Alabama. 

SMAJlTf ROJ Yfn Fyt., AlftSWBft Cl^Z: AlabftOM. 



r f 



400 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

SMITH, ANDREW J., Pyt, Blockton. Alabama. 

SMTTH, CLARBNCE T., Pvt, Fayette, Alabama. 

SMITH, djErVEUkND, Pyt, Northport, Alabama. 

SiaTH, ELLOTTB, Corp., Oeorffiana, Alabama. 

SMITH, JACK, Iflt Sgrt, 324 Q, 6th St, Oadsden. Alabama. 

SMITH, JOHN HOLUS, Pvt, Jamestown, Alabama. 

SMITH, JOHN R., Sfft, Alabama City, Alabama. 

SMITH, ROT C, Corp., HuiitflTiUe, Alabama. 

SNIDER, dtARBNCB, Prt, Gamble Mines, Alabama. 

80RT0R, PHOCION, Corp., Ountersvllle, Alabama. 

ffTEPHENS, GLYNN W., Pvt, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 

STEPHENS, WHXIE, Corp., Alabama City, Alabama. 

STEWART, ANDREW J.. Pvt, Elba, AUbama. 

SULLIVAN, THOMAS J., Pvt., McConell, Alabama. 

SWENDLB, CLYDE, Pvt. Oakman. Alabama. 

TAYLOR, CLARENCE, Sfft., Oakman, Alabama. 

THACSJERv JOSEPH B., Corp., Alabama City, Alabama. 

THOMAS, ROBERT D., PyL. Rewbert, Alabama. 

TRAPEN8KI, ALEX, Pvt., Blockton. Alabama. 

TRAYLOR* DELEWARl^ Prt, GuntersviUe, Alabama. 

TURNER, JAMESL Pvt., GuntersTille, Alabama. 

VINSON, PAUL J., Corp., BsomhiU, Georsrla. 

WALSTON, ROY D., Prt, 409 18th St South. Birmingrham, Alabama. 

WARD, JOSEPH, Pvt, Yolande, Alabama. 

WEBSTER, DAVID L., Corp., Alabama City. Alabama. 

WHITEHILA.D, SOLON, Pvt, Winlleld, Alabama. 

WIGHT, JIM, Pvt, Empire State, Alabama. 

WILLIAMS, JOHN. Pvt. Red Hill, Alabama. 

WOODHAM, ESKER, Pvt. Norma, Alabama. 

YEATMAN, JOHN C, Pvt, 1405 Constantiae Ave., Annlstoa, Alabama. 

Company M 

CaptalB RATKB NOIIRI89 Blrmlngrham, Alabama. 

lat IJest. OTHO W« HUMPHRIBSt Oxford, Alabama 

iMt IJeot. JAMES a. TATIiOB, Colquitt, Georgia. 

M IJest. JAMES W« DRITBB* Annlston, Alabama. 

Id Limit. BDWIIV P« oa>OUGHBRTT» 864 Park Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Id Liest. REED M. MULKST, 1485 B. Walnut St, Sherman, Texas. 

Id Llevt. EDWIN 8TROBER BBMPHHX, Chester, South Carolina. 

ABNEY. WILSON G.. Pvt, AlbertvlUe, Alabama. 

ALBERSON, LEWIE. Pvt, Enterprise, Alabama. 

ALLEIN. CARL R, Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

ALLEN. JIM, Pvt, Annlston, Alabama. 

ANDREWS; JOHN M.. Pvt, 1st class, LaFayette, Alabama. 

ANGLE. NEWT, Pvt, 1st class, Annlston, Alabama. 

RAGGETT. LEROY C, Roy, Alabama. 

BAKER, PERCY C, Pvt, R.P.IX 1. Birmingham, fLlabama. 

BALDWIN, CHARLES EL. Corp.» 1401 iSt Charles St, Birmingham, Ala. 

BARE:SDAZ4E, ROBERT, Mechanic^ 905 Sarah Ave., Birmingham, Al«. 

BARLOW, CLARENCE, Pvt, Manafly, Alabama. 

BATES, CLEVE, Pvt, 241 Murphy Ave., LaGrange, Georgia. 

BATES, HARVEY T., Pvt, Alexander City, Alabama. 

BBARDEN, HOMER A-, Pvt, R.F.D. 1. Birmingham, Alabama. 

BEASLEY. TOM, Pvt. Annlston. Alabama. 

BICE. ELLIS, Pvt, Alexander City, Alabama. 



COMPLETE ROSTER 401 

BICE, MARVIN M., Corp.* Anniston, Alabama. 

BIRD, JB8SB B., Pvt, Montsomery, Alabama. 

BL.YTHE, EUOBNE, Pvt.. l8t class. Talladega, Alabama. 

BOLLJNG. WIIjU Pvt. Butler Sprlnss. Alabama. 

BOWEN. JOHN A., Ssrt, Annlston. Alabama. 

BRADSHAW. CLAUDE F.. Pvt. R.F.D. S, AsbviUe. Alabama. 

BROWN. OSCAR. Pvt. 1st class, Annistoxif Alabama^ 

BUCHANAN, THOMAS F.. Pvt, 1404 Ave. K. Bnsley. Alabama. 

BUTLER, ED H., Pvt. Callman. Alabama. 

BUZBEE, ANDREW V.. Pvt. 1620 Exter Ave., Bessemer, Alabama. 

CAMP. WATMON R. Corp., 297 N. Boulevard. Atlanta, Oeorsria. 

CARSON. WILLIAM W., Pvt. 1st class, R.F.D. 2, Bessemer, Alabama 

CHAMPION. LONNIE, Pvt. Bynum. Alabama. 

CHAMPION, WILLIAM. Pvt, 1st class, Annlston. Alabama. 

CLARE, ALEX C, Pvt. Blrminsrbam. Alabama. 

CLARK. JOHN, Pvt, 1st class. Munsf ord. Alabama. 

CLARK. WILLIAM D.. Pvt. Pjrton. Alabama. 

CLAY, HUGH O.. Pvt. Piedmont Alabama. 

CLECKLERv JOSEPH R, Corp.. Oxford. Alabama. 

CJJByiENTQt EDWIN B.. Supply Bgt, Montgomery. Alabama. 

CLEPPER, FRANK. Pvt. Garland. Alabama. 

COCHRAN, GRADY. Pvt. Alabama City, Alabama. 

COFFMAN. GEORGB &. Pvt. Alabama City. Alabama. 

COULINS. BRVIN, Pvt. Annlston, Alabama. 

COMER, AIiTIN F.. Pvt, 180S Cth Ave., Birmingham. Alabama. 

CONNELLY. GEORGE M.. Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 

COOK. LAMAR A^ Pvt. Gerard, Alabama 

COTTON, PETE. Sfft. DeArmanvllle. Alabama. 

CROSBY, IaATTRBLU Pvt, Gentry, Alabama. 

DANIELS, GEORGB B., Pvt, Caldwell. Georgrla. 

DANIELS, SAMUEL D., Pvt, BllUnffton, Alabama. 

DAVISL CAI«yiN D., Pvt. BoUinff, Alabama. 

DAVIS. WILLIAM H.. Pvt, R.F.D. 2. Hanoevllle, Alabama. 

DICKERSON, DANIEX^ Pvt, 1st class, 414 Chestnut St, Annlston, Ala. 

DISMUKBSL JOHN T.. JR, Pvt, Blrmlngrham, Alabama. 

DORSET, JAMES C, Corp., Birmingham, Alabama. 

DOSS, ELBERT. Cook. Annlston. Alabama. 

DREYSPRING, ERNEST J., Pvt. R.F.D. 1. Box 07, Birmingham, Ala. 

DUCKWORTH. ZACK O., Pvt, Reform, Alabama. 

EDWARDS. JAMES W., Pvt 1st clasa, Blue Mountain, Alabama. 

EICHELBERGER, AUGUSTUS Ia, Pvt 1st class, Annlston. Alabama. 

EICHELtBBRGER, RUFA8 A., Sgt., Annlston, Alabama. 

EVANa IRA. Pvt. Prattvlllsb Alabama. 

EVERETT. GROVER Ia, Pvt, Blktaiont, Alabama. 

FALtLS, BEN O. F., Pvt, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 

FERREU^ CECIL D., Mechanic^ Annlston, Alabama. 

FLOYD, CHARLIE, Pvt Ist class, Jacksonville, Alabama. 

GALLOWAY. PALMER W.. Pvt 1st class. Alexander City, Alabama. 

GARNER. WALTER, Cook, R.F.D. 2, Box 192. Cullman, Alabama. 

GAY. WIIjU Pvt. Ashland, Alabama. 

G ILM ORE, RUPERT. Pvt. Montgomery. Alabama. 

GrvXNS, ROSCOB, Pvt 1st oIas% Birmingham, Alabama. 

GLAirSCOCK, OSCAR, Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

GOODEN, PAUL a, Pvt. Talladegra, Alabama. 

OORAM, WILTON, Pvt. Georgrlana, Alabama. 

GORDON, ROBBRT C, Pvt 1st class. Annlston, Alabama. 



402 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

ORBDT, LAURENT, Prt. lat elau, Montffomerj, Alabama. 

HATJib EDQAR W., Prt lat class. Chapman. Alabama. 

HAIJ:^ ROSS. Pvt. Chapman. Alabama. 

HAMBY, R BRYANT. Prt. 1S24 2Sd Aye., Tuscaloosa. Alal»aiiiak 

HARPER, EDWARD WINSTON. Pvt.. Bessemer, Alabama. 

HARRISON. ARTHUR, JR.. Buffler. Oxford. Alabama. 

HARWELil^ JIM H.. Pvt.. An&iston. Alabama. 

HAWKINS. EARU Bgt, Anniston. Alabama. 

HAWKINS^ JOHN. Pvt.. Liuverne. Alabama. 

HAWKINS. L.EWI8 a. Sfft, St Clair, Alabama. 

HAYES. THOMAS O., Prt, Anniston. Alabama. 

HAYNE8. BURU Iflt Sgrt, Anniston. Alabama. 

HAYNBS. DEWEY. Corp.. Anniston, Alabama. 

HAYNESk LESTER. Pvt, Anniston, Alabama. 

HAYNIE, A. W.. Pvt 1st class. EQuality. Alabama. 

HEI/rON. LEE R., Pvt, 326 N. 8th Ave., Birmingrham, Alabama 

HERRING. LON, Pvt., RF.D. 5, Greenville. Alabama. 

HIGDON, JAMES C. Pvt, Rickey, Alabama. 

HILU JAMES H., Pvt, Anniston, Alabama. 

HILLIARD, EDDIE Ll. Pvt 1st class. 116^ Monroe St, Montsomery. Ala 

HOLLAND, WILLIE T.. Pvt. Patsbur^. Alabama. 

HOLLEMAN, HINTON W.. Pvt. Enfaula, Alabama. 

HOLSENBACK. ALEXANDER A. PVt 1st cUss, AnnUton, Alabama. 

HOOMES, CHARLES Lu. Pvt. Chapman, Alabama. 

HOPKINS, HENRY L., Sgt, 902 Ingrram St, Oxford, Alabama. 

HUGHES, ARTHUR G., Pvt 1st class. Anniston, Alabama. 

JACOBS, BRADY, Pvt. Black, Alabama. 

JAMES, EDWIN B.. Pvt. 1917)4 4th Ave. N.. Birminsham, Alabama. 

JAMES, HOMER Ia. Pvt 1st class. Anniston. Alabama. 

JENNETTE, BENJAMIN P., Corp.. Middletown, North Carolina. 

JONES, CHARLES R., Pvt, Capitol Heights. Montsromery, Alabama. 

JONES. GRADY. Pvt, Anniston. Alabama. 

JONES, MARION G., Pvt, Chandler Springs. Alabama 

JONES, SHELBY Im, Pvt, Troy, Alabama. 

JONES, WILLIAM W.. Pvt, Anniston, Alabama. 

JOHNSON, JOE C. Pvt, Blountville, Alabama. 

KELLEY, ASHFORD L., Pvt, Black, Alabama. 

KELSOE, DAN, Pvt, Pigeon Creek, Alabama. 

KENT. MASTON, Pvt, Asbury, Alabama 

KETTLES, CARL C, Pvt 1st class, Anniston, Alabama. 

KNIGHT. WILLIAM a, Pvt, Troy, Alabama 

KUYKENDALL, J. W., Pvt, Anniston, Alabama 

LATHAM, DOCK, Pvt. Walthall, Mississippi. 

LESLIE, ARTHUR C. Pvt. Birmingham. Alabama 

LIOGON, CLAUDE A, Pvt. Wetumpka. Alabama 

LOARD. HOLSEN K, Pvt, 7070 West Jeff Davis. Monteromery, Alabama 

LYBRAND, WILLIE O., Pvt, Anniston. Alabama 

McCLOUD, EWELU Pvt, Valdosta, Georgia 

McCOMBS, ROY, Pvt, Oxford, Alabama 

McCOMBS. SAM D., Pvt, Oxford, Alabama 

McCOURRY. Thomas A, Corp.. 810 W. 9th St. Anniston, Alabama. 

McCRAREY. HUGH, Pvt. Prattville, Alabama 

McGILL. WILLIAM A. Pvt, Shorter. Alabama. 

McINVALE. POLIB, Pvt. 1st class. Delter. Alabama. 

McLENDON. ROBERT Z.. Pvt. Tennette. Alabama. 

MACKEY. PARKER, Pvt. Tuscaloosa, AUbama 



COMPLETE ROSTER 403 

:ANnONB, JASPBR, PVt, 2601 7th Aye. N., Blrmlnffluim, Alabama. 

lARTIN, RDUBBN Lu, Pvt, Troy, Alabama. 
-IKRK, JAMBS B.. Pvt, R.F.D. 1, Box 162 B. Birmingham, Alabama. 

CB8SBR, DAVID D., Bugler, Alexander City, Alabama. 

lOATBSk HORACB A., Pvt, Lewisville. Alabama. 

COODT, HBNRT, Pvt, let class, Annieton, Alabama. 
• lOONBT, FRBD R, Pvt, 900 a 18th St, Blrmingrham, Alabama. 

lOORBN, WBSTON, Pvt, 1429 N. 24th St, Birmingrham, Alabama. 

lORRISON, TBLAS, Pvt, Annlston, Alabama. 

IE3WMAN, JULIUS N., Pvt, Gerard, Alabama. 

rOLAN, ROBBRT BRUCB, Pvt, Plpscourt, Alabama. 

mourns, BDWARD W., Sgrt, Anniston, Alabama. 

<IORTON, ROBBRT W., Pvt Ist class. Route S, Anniston, Alabama. 

^O WLIN, WI LXJ AM O., Corp., Jacksonville, Alabama. 

>'DBLJU CUBIB, Pvt, Oxford, Alabama. 

3DOM, JAMBS, Corp., Anniston, Alabama. 

OSBORNB, BDWIN V., Pvt, 180S 6th Ave., Birmingham, Alabama. 

OT^BN, OZIB W., Pvt, Calhoun, Alabama^ 

OWBN8, JAMES R, Pvt, Greenville, Alabama. 

PARSIMAN, HARRY B., Pvt 1st class, Jackson, Alabama. 

PARSONS, VBRNON, Corp., Bessemer, Alabama. 

PATTERSON, IRA P., Pvt, Shelby, Alabama. 

PATNB, HENRY C. Pvt, AlbertviUe. .Aiabama. 

PHBLPS, JULIUS F., Pvt, HonorevlUe, Alabama. 

PICKRON, COLEMAN, Pvt 1st class, Montgomery, Alabama. 

PIKE, CHARLIE P., Pvt, Carbon Hill, Alabama. 

PITTS, JAMBS F., Pvt. Barfield, Alabama. 

PITTS, WILLIAM A., Pvt 1st class, Anniston, Alabama. 

PRESLEY, F^ED, Pvt 1st class. 4 a Wilmer Ave., Anniston, Alabama. 

PUTMAN, LEON G., Pvt, Birmingham, Alabama. 

RAY, JIMMIE, Pvt 1st class, Anniston, Alabama. 

REAVES, BELTON, Pvt, Route 5, Oxford, Alabama. 

RICE. PAUL Lb, Pvt Ist class, Ft Payne, Alabama. 

ROBBINS, JOHN M., Pvt, Birminsrham, Alabama. 

ROBERTS, WILLIAM T., Pvt, Gadsden, Alabama. 

ROBERTSON, DUDLEY, Corp., Route 4, Anniston, Alabama. 

ROBERTSON, JAMES W., Pvt, Brundidgre. Alabama. 

ROBERTSON, SHIRLEY, Corp., Greenville, Alabama. 

ROGERS, GRADY T., Pvt, Red Level, Alabama. 

ROSSER. DOLLY C, Pvt, RF.D. 2, Bessemer. Alabama. 

RUSSELL, GROVER G., Pvt, Mornee, Alabama. 

SALVO, HERMAN, Pvt 1st class, Alexandria. Alabama. 

SANDERSON. DAVID D., Pvt, Eutaw, Alabama. 

SANFORD, DALLAS M., Pvt, Montgomery, Alabama. 

SCHULTZ, HEBBR, Pvt, Brundid^e, Alabama. 

SHEARS, MONT, Pvt Ist class, Oxford, Alabama. 

SHEARS, SAMUEL O.. Pvt, Oxford, Alabama. 

SHELTON, MOSELLE, Pvt Ist class, Rome. Georsrla. 

SHIELDS, JOHN C, Pvt, Lincoln, Alabama. 

SHORTNACY. LEE, Mechanic, Anniston, Alabama. 

SIKES, JAMES D.. Pvt, Montgromery. Alabama. 

SIMS. RUFAS J.. Pvt 1st class. 1618 West End. Birmingham, Alabama. 

SMALLWOOD, WILLIE. Pvt, Roanoke. Alabama 

SMITH, ALBERT, Pvt Ist class, Montgromery. Alabama. 

SMITH, BENNIE D., Pvt, 15 Marshall St, Montgromery, Alabama. 

SMITH, DOUGLASS P., Pvt, Hull, Alabama. 



404 ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 

SMITH, JIENRY» Corp., Uneville, Alabama. 

SMITH, JOB, Pvt., 8630 Main St., Bessemer, AlatuuxuL 

SMITH, JOHN C, Cook, Annlston, Alabama. 

SMITH, JOSSPH B., Sffi, Choocolocco, Alabama. 

SPARKS, ALLSIB Q., PTt» DeArmandville, AlahamsL 

SPARKa EMBRSON, Prt 1st class, Oxford, Alabama. 

STANLiBY, WARWICK Q., 8fft.» Annlston, Alabama 

STEWART. JOHN O., Mess Sgrt. Birmingham, Alabama. 

SUMMERS, NORMAN Ll. Corp., 880 W. 16th St, Annlston. Alabama 

SWINDLE, CLARENCE, Prt., 918 80th St, Birmingham. Alabama. 

TARVBR, WILLIAM J., Tvt. Ist class, 19 E. 6th St, Annlston, Alabaai. 

TAYLOR, JAMES T^ Pvt, Annlston, Alabama 

THAMES. THOMAS F.. Prt, BoUins; Alabama. 

THIGPEN, OTHO Y., Pyt. Greensboro, Alabama. 

THOMPSON, DEWEY, Prt, 746 Noble St, Annlston. Alabama. 

THORNTON, BROWN M., Prt, 6816 1st Ave., Birminflrbam. Alabsma 

THORPE, HORACE L., Prt, Adser, Alabama 

THURMANN, MATT, Mechanic, Oxford, Alabama. 

TILLERY, CHESTER. ;pyt, Searcy, Alabama. 

TILLERY, OSCAR. Pvt. Chapman. Alabama 

TUCKER, SAMUEL F., Pvt* Bayview, Alabama. 

TURNER. SHIRLEY, Cook, Birmingham, AlabamiL 

UPCHURCH, BURBN, Pvt, Lynville^ Alabama. 

URQUHART. HENRY E., Pvt, M8 & Decatar St, Montgomery. Alabaoa. 

USRY, JOHN H., Pvt, Axmiston, Alabama. 

VANN, FRANK, Pvt 1st dasi^ Annistcm, Alabama. 

VANN, JOHN D., Corp.. Alexander City, Alabama 

VEITCH, HENRY L, Pvt. 1607 Ava C, Bnsley, Alabama. 

VINES, REUEU Pvt 1st clas^, RF.D. 6, Bessemer. Alabama 

WALKER, BAILEY J., Pvt.. 706 8d Ava N.. Birmingham, Alabama 

WALKER, HENRY L., Pvt, Clayton, AlabajniL 

WARD, RUFAS J., Corp., Oxford. Alabama. 

WEEKS, JAMES W.. Corpi, Oxford, Alabama. 

WEEKS, SAMUEL^ Corpi. Annlston. AlabwTna 

WESLEY, CHARLES E., Pvt, Red Level, Alabama. 

WHALEY, BASIL, Pvt, 700 W. 6th St, Cullman. Alabama 

WHITE, LEON EL, Corp., Annlston, Alabama. 

WHITE, TRUMAN B., Pvt. JaeksonviUe, Alabama. 

WILEY, RICHARD, Pvt. Murray Ca, Tennessea 

WILKERSON, HARVIB, Pvt, Tttlladesa, Alabama. 

WILLIAM, JAMES H., Pvt, Blrmingrham, Alabama. 

WILLIAMS, FRANK, Pvt. Lipscomb, Alabama. 

WILLIAMa LEROY, Pvt. Mertdian, MississippL 

WILSON. JACOB K, Pvt 1st class, Jacksonville, Alabama 

WINGO, LORENZO, Pvt 1st class, McFall, Alabama. 

WINNINGHAM, JOHN H., Pvt, Hull, Alabama 

WISENBAKER, CHARLTON R, Pvt. RF.D. 8. Dasher, Georgia. 

WOODARD, COLEMAN B., Pvt, Annlston, Alabama 



COMPLETE ROSTER 405 

Headquarten 84fh Infantry Brigade 

RAINBOW <«bid) DITUION 



GCB. B. A. BROWH, IVirttaul Amy* 185 W. 104th St, N. Y. City. 
;C-Oo]. WAIiTER B. waibh^ 1J.8JV.Ov 721 Walnut St, Gadsden, Ala. 

[flilor 8. H* R17MB01JGV» Adj. Qtm^ U.8.B^ 2S7 W. 74th St, N. Y. City. 

aA litest. GBO. B. MOURimvQ, VJLNM^ fHdf> *» Caip, Somerset, Ky. 
lAevt. DATID W. OYUBO^ VJUI.a., AMto <fi rsmp> 4119 6th Ave., Des 
Molzie% Iowa. 

Unst. J. liBTCHBR HABBUOl^ VJL, V.BJL, Colonnade Club, Uni- 
versity, Va^ 

LAJCBR, PERRY D., Corp., U7 11th St. Sioux City, Iowa» 

KBSIVKINa. PAUL. A.. Res. SfiTt-JfaJ^ 168 Ix>ve St, Atlanta, Oa. 

KBSIiNARDl. ANTHONY, Pvt Iflt dasfl. New York City. 

imRTHOLF, PHIL D., Prt. 1000 K Sycamore St, Creston, Iowa. 

BRIGHT, ARTHUR J., Prt. 419 Uh St, Des Moines, Iowa. 

;OB:br, CBLAS. B., Pvt. Newton. Iowa. 

^O'WIANQ, ARTHUR C, SfiTt, Oaark. Ala. 

ISRRINa, WBSLBY, Cook, 418 Ghappell 8t« ICacon, Qa. 

aXBBARD , MU RHi Lb, Pvt 1st class, Council Bluils, Iowa. 
, LiBWIS X, Prt, Arlton, Ala. 
RALiPH, Pvt, Ramer, Ala. 

SIKNBY. DUPONT a, Prt lat class, liaoon, Ga. 

^OKB, USTON C, Waffoner, 4222 Polke Ave., Sioux City, Iowa. 

PRB8TON, JOHN T., Wagoner, RF.D. 1, Oaark, Ala. 

WAULJSR, JAMBS J., Pvt 1st class, Ramer, Ala. 



APPENDIX D 



ROSTBR OP OPPICBRSr 107th KPAMTRT 

As OP March 2% 1919 

Anny of Occupatio n Ccfm any 

Name Rank Name Rank 

Bare» Walter B Colonel Green* Donald W. . . lat Lilevt^ Ca L 

Screws, William P. Colonel Oriffln* Ralph C . . . . 1st Ueut^ Ca C 

Smith, Dallas B Lt -Colonel Orlgrffs, Henry L>. . . let Ueut^ Ca S 

Cole, William I. . .Major, Reirt Staff Harris, Stephen W. . let Lieut. Ca C 

Olenn, George A Major, Hq. Co. Hemphill, Bdward S. .let Lt. CaX 

Flowers, Abner Major, 2nd Bat Hersey, Richard M 1st lit. CaA 

JoeriT* Robert, Jr • . . . Major, 1st Bat HoUis, Benjamin* P. . let Lt^ MG Ca 

May, Herbert B...MaJor^ Adjutant Irwin, Georgre W...lst Lileiit,Ca! 

Norris. Ravee Major, Srd Bat Johnson, John C. . . . let Lieut. Ca r 

Smith, John M. . . . Major, Supply Co. Johnson, William W. .lat Lt, Ca H 

Brown, Raymond R . . Captain, Co. B Little, Royal 1st Lieut. Coi K 

Dlckerson, Joseph M . . . Capt, Ca H Lloyd. Wilbur K. . . 1st Lieut. Ca L 

Bdmondson, Lacey . . .Captain, Co. D McAllister, Lester B. .1st Lt, Co B 

Bsslingrer, Joe P Captain, Staff McCarthy, James A. . . Ist Lt, 0)i K 

Fallaw, Thomas. R . . . Captain, Co. L Meserve. Theodore D . 1st Lrt, MG Ca 

Gamble, Shelby V . . . Captain, Co. B Moore, Ben F. Jr . 1st Lt , Adj. 3d Bat 

Howe, Maurice W. . . .Captain, Cb. I Morrow, Robert B. . . Ist L*t. MG Co. 

Humphries. Otho W. . Chptain, Co. M Murphy, Joseph M . . 1st Lieut. Ca £ 

Kelly, Richard B. .. .Captain, Cb. G O'Dougherty, Edwin F. 
Lorens, Herman A... Captain, Co. B 1st Lieut, Co. E 

Markland, Morris G. .Captain. Coi F Otte, Frank R. . .1st Lieut, Hq. Co. 

Morsran, Lewis R. . . .Captain, Co. A Porter, Harry. . .1st Lieut, Supi Ox 

MourninsT, George B. .Captain, Cb. C Potter, Warwick. . . 1st Lieut. Ca F 

Spann, Georgre F. .Captain, Sup. Co. Reasonover, Albert P*. .1st Lt. Ca A 

Speigrht. Oscar C Ctk,ptain, Staff Scotten, Frank D. 1st Lieut Sup. Ca 

Vandervort. Chas. W. .Capt, MGCo. Starkey, Charles G. 

Waldron, John M Captain. Staff Ist Lieut. Ist Bat St&S 

Webb, James A Captain, Co. K Taylor, Jam^ C.lst Lieut. CaM 

Wells, Spencer A. Capt, Adj. 2d Bat Wasson, Clyde H. .Ist Lieut. Cb 6 

Wyatt, Frederick Captain. Staif Wesson, Abner . . 1st Lieut. Sup. Co. 

Austin, Paul W . . . IsMib. Gas OfRcer Wickline, Roger E . 1st Lieut, Ca D 

Banks, Harley M. .Ist Lieut, Co. M Wiley, William A. .1st Lieut. Co. B 

Bell. Ernest B....lst Lieut. Co. D Toungblood. Lewis R 
Bryan, John M. . .1st Lieut. Hq. Co. 1st Lieut, Adj.. 1st Bat 

Cargile, Charles F. . .1st Lt. MG Co. Ainsworth, Howard A. 2nd Lt. Ca H 

Cole, James L 1st Lieut. Staff Bare, Jasper M 2nd Lt, Co. G 

Crenshaw, Oscar. . . . 1st Lt. bq. Co. Black, Welcome 2nd Lt, Ca L 

Donaldson. John M. . .Ist Lt. Co. B Brown, Harold EL 

Driver, James W. . . . Ist Lt, MG Co. 2nd Lieut, Srd Bat Staff 

Dwigglns. Daniel M.lst Lt, Hq. Co. Curley, Alfred H. 

Bide Peter 1 1st Lieut. Co, C 2nd Lieut, Srd Bat Staff 

Espy. Robert 1st Lieut, Co. B Dunn, Edward F 2nd Lti. Ca D 

406 



OFFICERS, ARMY OF OCCUPATION 407 



Name Rank 

Sberhardt, Jacob & 

Sad Iiieat» Srd Bat. Staff 
Elchelbersrer, Ruf us A. 2d Lt, Co. M 
Erlckson, Melvin C. . .2nd Lt., Co. !• 
Fisher, Frederick A. .2nd Lt, Co. A 
Gardner, James P. . . .2nd Lt, Co. O 

Qirod, Michael B 2nd Lt. Co. K 

Orifflth, Harry M. ...2nd Lt, Co. F 
Hardin, William E.. .2ndLt, Ca O 
Harris, Melvin C. .2nd Lieut, Co. B 

HiU, Lyall H 2nd Lieut, Ca H 

Hornaday, Walter C. .2nd Lt, Co. B 
Hunter, William 6« . .2nd Lt, Co. K 
Logran, Richard W. . .2nd Lt, Co. S 
Mackey, Leo A. 

2nd Lieut, 2nd Bat Staff 
McOraw, Pete^...2nd Ueut^CObK 
McKeon, Francis H. A. 

2nd Lieut, Regrt Staff 

Mann, Robert S 2nd Lt, Co. L 

Marshall, Robert E. • .2nd Lt, Co. I 
Morrison, Elton J •...2nd Lt, Co. L 
Morton, Stephen J. . . .2nd Lt, Ca G 
North, Harwell. . . .2nd Lieut, Co. C 
Parker, Preston P. . . .2nd. Lt. Co. F 
Parsons, Livinsrston . 2nd Lt, MQ.Co. 
Roberts, James P. . . 2nd Lt, MG Co. 
Smith* Wilber T.«.2nd Lieut, Ca I 



Name Rank 

Snyder, Bryan, Jr..2ndLt,Sui>. Co. 
Stinson, Leslie T...2ndLt,HQ. Co. 
ThigTpen, James B....2ndLt, Co. A 
Travis, Howard M. .2nd Lt, Hq. Co. 
Ward, John C....2nd Lieut, Co. H 

Ware, Lamar M 2nd Lt. Co. F 

Willis, John S 2nd Lt, Co. H 

Winsrerson, Carl F. . . .2nd Lt, Co. F 
WriBTht, Charles H. . .2nd Lt, Co. E 

Wren, Edward R 2ndLt, Co. B 

TounsT, John D 2nd Lieut, Co. D 

Zisterer. Edward W. .2nd Lt, Co. K 



Bums, Robert A Major 

Miller, James A Major 

Calvert* William A Captain 

Jones, Adna S Captain 

Lonff, William W Captain 

McAffee, Frederick W Captain 

Whltlock, Luther C Captain 

Garrison, Herbert T 1st Lieut 

Sevick, John L Ist Lieut 

Ckaplala* 

Davles, Frederick R...^.. Chaplain 

Gunn, Charles G Chaplain 

Smith, Emmett P Chaplain 



APPENDIX E 
^tUttxsi QSntttleb to Q&mnb Cfiebtoitf 



HBAIM^UARTBRS leTTH INFAKTRT 

AMERICAN EXPEDinONART. FORCBS 
Sinstff, Germany 

Haroh 19, 1919 
Special Orders, 
No. 24. 

Par. 19.^Under the provisions of para 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 of O. O. I2i 
O. H. Q. 1918, the officers named below are herewith autliorlxed to wcer 

wound chevron for wound received in action: 

HaiM Raak Date of Woaad ActtMi 

Oeorgre W. Berriman tnd Lieut May 82. 1918 Baccarat Sectcr 

Edmund P. Glover 2nd Lieut. March 15, 1918 •• 

Edmond & Wilcox 2nd Lieut April 12, 1918 «> •* 

Alton P. Wood 2nd Ldeut May« 4, 1918 

Fletcher R Haley Captain June, 19,. 1918 •• 

James T. Hamil Captain. 

Med. Det June 19, 1918 * 

John M. Donaldson 2nd Lieut July 16, 1918 Champagne Sector 

HufiTh W. lister Ist Lieut July 16, 1918 

Joseph M. Murphy 1st Lieut July 16, 1918 

Clyde H. Wasson 2nd Lieut July 16, 1918 

William W. Johnston 2nd Lieut July 16, 1918 ** *■ 

Walter B. Bare Lt -Colonel July 80, 1918 Ch&teau-Thlerrr 

John W. Carroll Major July 28, 1918 

Dallas EL Smith Major July 28, 1918 

Mortimer H. Jordan Captain July 28, 1918 

John M. Waldron Captain July 26, 1918 

Frederick L. Wyatt Captain July 27. 1918 

Herman W. Thompson Captain July 28, 1918 " " 

3oe P. Bssllng^r Captain July 26, 1918 

Gardner Greene Captain July 26, 1918 " 

Lacey Bdmondson Captain July SO, 1918 " 

Alan M. Smith Ist Lieut July 26, 1918 

Robert M. Brooks Ist Lieut July 26, 1918 

Herman A. Lorens 1st Lieut July 26. 1918 

Blberson, Alden D 1st Lieut July 26, 1918 

Otho W. Humphries, 1st Lieut July 26, 1918 '^ •• 

James W. Driver 1st Lieut July 26, 1918 ** 

Ernest R Bell 1st Cieut July 26, 1918 " " 

William A. Jeffrey 1st Lieut July 26, 1918 " " 

Shelby T. Gamble 1st Lieut July 26. 1918 " * 

Lewis R. Morgan 1st Lieut July 26, 1918 ** * 

Ben F. Moore, Jr Ist Lieut July 27, 1918 ** * 

Milton A. Mathews 1st Lieut July 26, 1918 ** * 

LouiQreet Ist Lieut July 27. 1918 •• • 

408 



)FFICERS ENTITLED TO WOUND CHEVRONS 409 



♦- *•••» ^u 



>iixicaii Campbell. ••«•.••«• 



^CLXiiel M. DwigTfflns •••«««• 
tld&afd B. Kelly, Jr..««»« 
»te phen W. Harris ..•«••«• 
CcLlcomb GL Dabney 



'•« ••< 



lAlcomb G. Dobn^j 

^a.ltef C Honiad7«.«*«^*« 
jmatiuel Melaskey. . •« •««• 
EZcLFTy R. YoQiigr* •• ••■••>«•• 
BSd'wIn F. CDou^rberty** .^ 
:?a.rlton P. Frosts . .^ •«*• •« 
Senjamin H. Maeller«««^»« 
?'azTell IX Minor* Jr. •••*•• 
Etoy F. Sbarpe«.«..«.««^»« 
BLoxle K FalrchllA«..«««^»^ 
"Wajrwlck Potter ....••«•«»« 
Frank D. 8cotten«^»«»««^« 
EUobard ML Hereey •«•••«•« 
Robert Joerg; Jr«.,««».««H.« 
Ravee Norrls« .«..»••«««•«• 
Walter B. Baker«««*^»«««» 
Earl M. Darby*«*.« •••••<•> 

Robert Espy •••.««^*^ 

Bryan Whltehnrst* •»«•.••« 
Ben F. Moore, Jr..«^»«««*. 
Franda R Murphy* • • .w •• • 

Preston P. Parker.^*....*. 
Harold C Anthony.^ ^ 

'Warwick Potter»..«* 

John R Clarke.^. ••••^••. 
Maiurlce W. Howe 

Oeorge Van Santroord. • • • 

John M. Waldron... 

Henry Lh QrUTflTB*****^***** 

Pete McGraw • 

Bdward & HemphlU*. 

Ben F. Moore, Jr 

Liow Trayaer. .«., 

Abner FIowera«.- 

HuffhM Hiller^.«. 

Brnest T. Bell... 



>•.• • « 



>«•••• 



.l0t Uent 
•lat Ueut 
•lat UeuL 
.lat Ueut 
•Ut Uent. 
.l0t Lieut 

Mad. Det 
•Iflt Lieut. 

Med. Del 
•Snd Lieut 

• Snd Uent 

• 2nd Ueut 
•Snd Ueut 
•Snd Ueut 
«Snd Uent 

• Snd Ueut 
•Snd Ueut 

• Snd Uent 

• Snd Ueut 
•Snd Ueut 

• Snd Ueut 

• Major 
.Major 
«lBt Ueut 

• latUeut 

• let Ueut 

• Captain 
.1st Ueut 

• Snd Ueut 

• Snd Ueut 

• Snd Ueut 

• Snd Ueut 

• l8t Ueut 
•Captain 

• Snd Ueut 
« Captain 

• Ist Ueut 
«Snd Ueut 
«Snd Ueut 

• 1st Ueut 
•Snd Ueut 
.Captain 
.let Ueut 
.1st Ueut 



July S7, 
July S8 
July 29 
July S9, 
July S6 

July SS, 

July S9, 

July 26 

July 2«, 

July 26, 

July 26, 

July 29 

July 26 

July 26, 

July 26, 

July 27 

July 28 

July 27 

July 26 

Sept 12 

Sept 12 

Sept 16, 

Sept 14 

Sept 12, 

Sept 21« 

Sept 12 

Sept 12 

Oct 16, 

Oct 15 

Oct 16 

Oct 14 

Oct 14 

Oct 16, 

Oct 16 

Oct 15 

Oct A 

Oct 16, 

Oct 20, 

Nov. 7 

Nor. T 

Nov. 7 

Nov. 7 



1918 Cbftteao-Thlerry 

1918 

1918 •• 

1918 

1918 



u 



l( 



*4 



1918 

1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 
1918 



t* 



u 
u 
«« 

41 
*l 
*« 
<l 
U 
»« 



U 



«• 

M 

U 
il 
t* 
tt 
(« 
(( 
it 
«f 
ft 
*4 
U 
M 



St Mlhiel 



Areronne-Meuse 



M 
U 
«f 
«« 

«l 
U 
M 
M 



U 
U 
U 
f« 
*« 
«« 
l< 
«( 
t< 
(f 



Sedan Drive 

«« u 



«• 



u 

4« 



The abeve named officers are herewith authorised to wear one wound 
chevron tcx each wound received in action. 

By order of Colonel Screws: 

H. R MAY. 

Major, U. S. A. 167th Inl 
Adjutant 



APPENDIX F 
to ipronce lottos t^ Scm: 1918 



OFWCBM KELIiBD IN ACTION 

Arms, Ijester X, 2nd Lieut, Oct 14. 
Barrett. Willet C 2nd Ueut, July 

27. 
Beattie, Arthur J., let Lieut., Oct 

15. 
Berriman, Oeor^e W., 2nd Lieut, 

July 16. 
Breeding:, Dick B., 2nd Lieut, July 

28. 
Curtis, Benjaailn Ia, Ist Lieut, 

July 28. 
Gardner, Greene, Oapt, Sept 12. 
McDonald, William J., Ist Lieut, 

Oct 14. 
McGraw, G Judson, 2nd Lieut, July 

27. 
Powell, John M., 1st Lieut, July 

2<. 
Strassburirer. Julien N., Capt, July 

26. 
Townsend, Stephen G., 2nd Lieut* 

Sept 16. 

OFPICBIUI DIBD FROM TTOUNIM 
RBCBIVBD IN ACTION 

Baker, Walter SL, 1st Lieut, Sept 

17. 
Clark, John B., 1st Lieut, Oct 17. 
Jordan, Mortimer H., Capt, Auff. 2. 
Mathews, Milton A, Ist Ueut, July 

26. 
Meuller, Benjamin H., ?nd Lieut. 

Aug. 8. 
Minor. Farrell D., 2nd Lieut, Aug. 

29. 
Wood, Alton K, 2nd Lieut, May 4. 

OFPICBRS DISSD OF DISBASB 

Glover, Bdmund P., 2nd Lieut, 

April 11. 
Warren, Arthur B., 2nd Lieut, 

April 15. 



OFFICBR IflBSDrO JM ACnoI 

Irish, Buffene J.» Snd Uent, Afsil 



16. 

ENLI8TBD XBN 

ACTION 



n 



Abies, Crawford Z^ Pfcu, March U 
Acree, Arthur, Pfa. July 1& 
Adams. David H.. Pvt., Jnly 21 
Adams, Halbert F., Pvt« July 22. 
Adams, San ford N., Pvt., July IK. 
Adkinson, Kniche D., Pvt« July U 
Albright B.uffle, Pvt., July 26. 
Altizer. Orin a, Pvt, July 26. 
Anderson, Carl A.. Pvt. Oct ISu 
Arnold, Jim, Mech., June 12. 
Atchison. William F.. Pvt. July 21 
Atwood, Joseph L. Corpu. July 26. 
Autrey, Bvans, PVt, July 28. 
Autrey, Oscar Ia. Pfe., Sept 11 
Avant Lester. Sgrt, July IS. 
Ayer% Orin P.. Corp.. July 2CL 
Bassett Nick, Pvt. July Ifi. 
Barber, Clarence M., Pvt.. Oct II 
Bardo, Arthur W., Pvt, Oct 15. 
Barney Sol, Pvt, Sept 17. 
Barnett Henry P., Corp.. Aus. 4. 
Bamham, William J., Pvt, Nov. 7. 
Baas, Arthur W^ Pvt. Oct 17. 
Batcheldor, Harry BL, CorpL, July 

28. 
Belcher, Jonas T., Pvt., Oct IS. ' 
Bendetto. Viola, Pvt. Sept 11 
Benton, Bdwin F.,^Bu8:, Oct 11 
Bernardi, Joseph, Pvt, July 21 
Black, Sam, Sgrt, Oct IS. 
Blair, Floyd, Pvt, Oct 15. 
Blair, Sidney, Pvt, July 16. 
Blairsdale, Clyde J., Sst, July ft 
Blankenship, Delma F.. Pvt, July 

21 
Blowers, Marshall, Pvt, July 17. 
Bohannon, Joel M^ Pvt» Oct 21 



410 



167TH'S SUPREME SACRIFICE 



411 



Booser, Samuel J., Pvt., Sept IS. 
Boston, Lenton, Pvt, July 15. 
Boston, Lynn C, Pvt, Oct 16. 
BosweU, Thomas 2L, Prt, July 18. 
Bowlin, Ruasel, Pvt, July 26. 
Bradley, William EL, Pvt, let claM, 

July 26. 
Brannon, Robert W., Sgrt, Oct 19. 
Branton, William L, Pvt, Ist class. 

Sept 17. 
Brennan, John D., Pvt, Oct 19. 
Brower. Qeorge, Pvt, July 28. 
Bridfires, Jamea F., Pvt, Ist class, 

July 28. 
Brittaln, Thomaa, Corp., July 16. 
Brown, Esbie C, Pvt, July 26. 
Brown, Bverette H., Pvt, 1st class, 

July 28. 
Brown, Henry W., Pvt, July 26. 
Brown, John &, Pvt, Oct 15. 
Brown, John &, Pvt, Sept 21. 
Brown, Thomas, Pvt, Oct 17. 
Bruner, John D., Sgrt, July 28. 
Brunson, Joseph P., Pvt, 1st class, 

July 28. 
Bryars, Joseph. W., Pvt, 1st class, 

July 26. 
Buker, Max J., Pvt, July 28. 
Burnett, Usury, Corp., July 26. 
Bush, Amos, Corp., July 26. 
Cain, James, Pvt, July 26. 
Canter, Moses B., Pvt, July 16. 
Carpenter, Aurellua M., Pvt, Itt 

class, July 26. 
Canoles, Carl, Cbrp., July 26. 
Cash, Sam, Pvt, July 26. 
Cassels, Marion, Pvt, Sept 12. 
Csstleberry, Isaac, Pvt, July 28. 
Chastangr, Leo, Pvt, June 18. 
Cheatham, William T., Pvt, July 

28. 
Chitwood, Tate W., Pvt, Oct 16. 
Christenberry, Curn, Pvt, Oct 16. 
Churchwell, William F., Pvt, July 

26. 
Clayton, Harry C, Corp., July 16. 
Clem, John, Pvt, 1st class, July 28. 
Clements, Homer T., Pvt, July SO. 
Cloud, Qus, Pvt, Oct 16. 
Cobb, Alto, Pvt, July 16. 
Cochran, Qrady, Pvt, July 26. 
Cohen, Harold, Pvt, July 16. 
Commander, Thomas D., Pvt, 1st 

class, July 26. 
Cook, Maloolm, Pvt, July 26. 
Cook, Melvin O., Corp., July 26. 



Cotton, Willie N., Pvt, July 16. 
Cox, Ashburn, Pvt, Ist class, July 

28. 
Cox, Marshall, Pvt, Nov. 7. 
Crane, Cleveland F., Pvt, 1st elas% 

July 26. 
Crim, Luther, Pvt, July 26. 
Crockett, Joe, Pvt, July 16. 
Crosby, William O., Pvt, Sept 12. 
Crowder, 'Lester D., Corp., July 28. 
Crowder, Wilbur T., Corp., July 26. 
Crunk, Percy, Pvt, Ist dass, July 

26. 
Culver, Clarence Ia, Pvt, 1st class, 

July 16. 
Dabbs, Henry L, Bgt, Sept 14. 
Davisi Simmie L, Pvt, Sept 16. 
Daw, Dennly, Pvt, Oct 16. 
Dawson, Spencer, Pvt, Oct 14. 
Dean. John B., Pvt, July 26. 
DeVrlest William A., Pvt, Oct 16. 
Disrman, Kevil, Pfc, July 18. 
Dismuke, Homer L., Pvt, Sept 12. 
Dixon, Herbert, Pfc, July 28. 
Dodd, Arnold W., Pvt, Sept 17. 
Duke, Herbert C, Oct 16. 
Dunn, Jesse, Pvt, July 26. 
Dunn, Joe R, Pvt, Oct 16. 
Eakens, Aubrey Ia, Corp., July 26. 
Eames, Olenn W., Pvt, Oct 14. 
Edwards, Joseph, Pvt, July 26. 
Bichelberger, Augrustus, Pvt, July 

26. 
Emmons, Abraham, Pvt, July 16. 
Essary, Silas O., Sst, Oct 16. 
Evatt, Carl R, Pvt, July 16. 
Esell, Henfy L, Corp., July 28. 
Fallin, Courtney B., Corp., July 26L 
Farrell, Sheridan P., Pvt, July 26. 
Faulk, Qrover R, Pvt, July 16. 
Fieldingr, Jesse E., Pvt, July 16. 
Fillinpem, Linnie O., Pvt, March 7. 
Fincher, Homer, Pvt, Sept 12. 
Flegral, Fernan V., Pvt, Oct 16. 
Flippo, John E., Pfc., July 26. 
Ford, Neil, Pvt, July 26. 
Fore, DeWitt Pvt, July 16. 
Fowler, William A., Pfc, July SO. 
Franklin, Oscar, Pvt, July 26. 
Qainey, Porter C, Pvt, July 26. 
Garcia, Delfldo, Pvt, Oct 16. 
Oay, Marerle, Pvt, Sept 12. 
Gentry, Herman D., Corp., March 

11. 
Gibson, Willis, Corp., July 26. 
Giddeons, Bury B., Pvt, July 16. 



412 



ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



Oifford, Rtehard* Prt. July 16. 
Ooodman» Clarke^ Pf&, July 28. 
Goodman* Walkeif H., Pvt.. Sept. 11 
Oldham* Benlal, Prt, July 15. 
Gray, Coe G., PyX^ July S8. 
Greffff, I^fltndo^ Pvt^ July 15. 
Grefforyt GecU* P^t.. July tC 
GrenoeT»h« Alex, Pvt., July 2C 
Qiiffith. fame* T., Corp., July S6L 
Grlmsley» Joseph H., Corp., July 16. 
Gustowskl, Bruao, Pvt., July 16. 
Owln, Paul L^, Corp., July 28. 
Hadaway, Blchard D., Pf&» July 16. 
Hall, Bdsar W., Pvt. July 16. 
Hall, Robert, Prt, July 28. 
Hannah, Bba» PYt.* July 26. 
Hardey, Adrtan, Prt., July 26. 
Hardwick, Roy W., Pvt, July 16. 
Harris, Bdflrar T., Corp., July 26. 
Hardy, Richard C Pf &, July M. 
Harris, Jerry T.. Pvt., July 28. 
Harrison, Robert P., Prt, Oct 26. 
Harrison, William H.. Pvt, Sept 12. 
Hashbarsrer, Alvin B., Pvt, July 15. 
Hassell, John T., Corp., Sept 14. 
Hart James D., Pfc July 28. 
Hartley, Thomas F., Pvt, Oct 16. 
Harvey, Uoyd A^ Pvt, July 28. 
Harvllle, Braxton R, Corp., Oct 16. 
Harwell, Jessie J., Corp., Nov. 9. 
Hayes, Blmus J., Pvt, Oct 15. 
Haywood, Zebodie, Pfc., July 26. 
Hebner, Leonard W., Pvt, July 26. 
Helton, QeorgCb Corp., July 26. 
Helton, Ijee R., Pvt, Oct, 16. 
Hendricks^ James OL, Pfc., July 26. 
Hendricks^ Rufus P., Pvt, July 16. 
Hendrlx, James B., Corp., July 2C 
Herndon, William H., Pvt, July 28. 
Hevlow, Buerene R., Pvt, Sept 12. 
Hidson, John W., Pvt, July 15. 
Hill, Dock, Corp., July 26. 
Hillard, Bddie L., Corp., July 28. 
Hodffes, liCBter, Pfc., July 15. 
Holbrook, Liawson, Pfc., July 20. 
Holleman, Hlnton W., Pvt, July 27. 
HoUoway, Willie, Pvt, Oct 15. 
Holmsley, John O., Pvt, Oct 17. 
Hope, 6en, Pvt, July 26. 
Horn, Chauncey Bagrle, Pvt, July 

27. 
Homeh B3d BL, Pvt, July 28. 
Homstine^ Davis* Pvt, July 26. 
Houston, Newell a, Pvt, July 26. 
Howard, John M., Pvt, Oct 17. 
Huarsins, Hillary, Pvt, July 28. 



Hutchins, Jolm T., Pvt, Sept 21 
Hutto, Allen, Pvt, July 26. 
Ikeoa, John CL, Pvt, Sept 1& 
Jackson, Jim, Pf c^ July 26. 
JameSk. Odom, Sert, Jsly 27. 
Jarrett, ICarshall,. PvU MarvhU 
Jason, Aaron, Pvt, July 27. 
Johnson, Hennr F., CorpL, July K 
Johnson, Henry P.. Pfe, July 21 
Johnson* Joe C Pfc, July 1&. 
Johnson, Oliver, Pfa, July 26. 
Johnson, Peter G., Corp., July 11 
Jonesb. Claude W., Pfc. July 26. 
Jones^ lAurius T., Corp., July 11 
Jordan, Thomas EL, Pvt., Sept U 
Karnes; David, Pvt., July 22. 
Keeler, James A^ Pvt, Oct 11 
Keenum, Huffh R., Coitk, July M. 
Kincaid, Brace H., Pvt., Si^it 11 
Kins, John. H., Pvt, Sept 12. 
Ktns; Rupert W., C^rp., July 11 
Kfrkland, Alexander, Pfc, July 21 
Knight, lioroy, Corp., July 26. 
Korensan Floyd C, Pvt, July 21 
Kz^ider,. Cbarlea EL,. Pvt., July SI 
Kuhn, Paul H., Pvt, July 28. 
Lackey, Homer J., Pvt, Nov. 7. 
Lambert Billy U, Pvt, Oct 11 
Lfltng, Frank, Pvt, July 28. 
Lastor, Horton, Pvt, July 2C 
Lavender, John R.* Pvt., June 11 
Laycock, Anders, Corp, July 11 
Leon, Harry, Pvt, July 2C 
Leidwan^per, Jaoobi, Pvt* July 21 
Lewellen, Dave^ Pvt,- July 26L 
Ijewt% Worth, Sst, July 26L 
IJlly» Vernon L^ Pvt, July 15. 
Ltpford, Omle^ Pvt, July 26. 
Tioisan, Walter B., Pvt, July 26. 
Xjorennv Domldo, Pvt, July 21 
Love, Connie, Pvt^ July 26. 
liOW, Oscar H., Pfc, July 21 
Lowlay, John A^ Pvt, July 15. 
Lnebke^ Alfred A., Pvt., Oct 15. 
Ldonce, Owen, Pvt, July 28. 
Lyndi, William H.» Pvt* Oct 11 
MacDonald, Gerald, Pvt, July 21 
ICaoon, Preston. A.,. Pvt, July 21 
Mahoney, James F., Pvt, July 11 
ICalone, James H., Pfc, July 21 
Mancn, James H., Corp., Oct 11 
Mandlch, George, Pvt, Oct 14. 
Maroe, John, Pvt,. July 16. 
Maran, Sam, Pvt, July 26. 
ICarsh, Charlie K.. Pvt, July 21 
Martin, Alma 2L. Pvt, March 11 



167TH'S SUPREME SACRIFICE 



413 



^&son, Jam«s T., 8gLt June IS. 
Mayes, Ttimer. PvL, Oct. 16. 
McArthnr, Robert O., Pfc, July 28. 
McOlaln, Osc&r IL» Pfc.» July 2S. 
McColIister, William T.. Pvt. July 

2«. 
McComick, Burie O., Pvt., Sept 11 
McFalla. Harry P., Prt. Oct !«. 
McOausrb* Joseph H.« Bgt., July 26L 
McMiUion, Asa A., Pvt. Nov. 7. 
McMullen, AnoeU Pvt. Julr 2C 
McOonneU, Charles O., Pvt, July 26. 
Meanst WllUe D.. Pfc, Oct IC 
Melton, Lester, Pvt« July 26. 
Melton, William BL, Corp., July 1& 
MichesJ, Augustus, Pvt, Oct 20. 
Mlckle, Henry F., Pvt, June 16. 
MlUagre, James Q., Pvt, July 26. 
Miller. William I^ Pvt. July 26. 
Mills, Claude. Pvt, July 26. 
Milton, I«e. Pfc, July 26. 
Moore, Walter Ia, Pvt, July IIL 
Morsan, Thomas J., Pvt, Oct 16. 
Morgran, Judgre T., Pfc», July 28. 
Morton, Ray C, Pvt. July 26. 
Mumae, Fred W., Pfc, July 26. 
Murdock, Charlie, Pfc, Oct 16. 
Myers, John A., Pvt, July 28. 
Neff, Blery D., Pvt, Oct 20. 
Neil, Bmmett G, Pvt, July 26L 
Nelson, Oeorgre M, Pvt, Sept 1^ 
Nelson, Nelse, Pvt., Oct 16. 
Nery, Frank A^ Pvt, Oct 16L 
Nickles, Morto, Pvt, July 80. 
Nolan. Robert B., Pvt, July 28L 
Norria, Oscar XL, Pvt, July 26. 
Norwood, Hoses, Pvt, Sept 16L 
Obar, Bllhu, Pfc, July 28. 
Oblock, Tanish, Pvt, July 15. 
O'Neal, John D., Pvt, July 26. 
Parker, Barl lb, Pvt, July 16. 
Parkman, Harry. Pvt, Oct 16. 
Parrista, Otto, Pvt, July 16. 
Patterson, Iieroy, Pvt, July 16. 
Patterson, Newton IC, Corp., Oct 

11 
Peak, James C, Pvt, July 17. 
Phillips, Howard EL, Pvt, Oct 1& 
Piatt, Kerry H., Pvt, July 26. 
Flier, Potter M^ Pvt, June 18. 
Foe, Charles &, Pvt. Oct 16. 
Powell, John, Corp., July 26. 
Price, Bryant W., Pvt, July 16L 
Pruett James A., Pvt, Ist class, 

July 28. 
Qual, Lawrence F., Pvt, Sept 12. 



Rain, Sam O., Corp., July 16. 
Rainey, Willian^ A., Pvt, July 16. 
Ray, Fred, Pvt, July 26. 
Reaves, Lee^ Pvt, Oct 15. 
Rector, William, Pvt, July 26. 
Rhodes, Harry B., Ptt, Nov. 7. 
Riley, ICajor D., Corp., July 16. 
Riley, Iionnle O., Corp., Oct 14. 
Rinffley, Conlsy B., Pvt, July 28. 
Rioux, Alex, Pvt, July 29L 
Roberson, George^ Pvt, July 15. 
Robertson, Ike A., Pvt, July 28. 
Roarers, Charles Ia, Sst, Oct 16. 
Rogrers, Fred, Sfft, July 26. 
Roberson, Nunson, Pvt, July 16. 
Rollins, Walter Ia, Pvt, July 26. 
Romaic^ Ole C, Pvt, July 26. 
Roy, Newton IC, Corp^, July 26L 
Rutherford, Thomas IC, Pvt, July 

26. 
Rusch, Bamest W., Pvt, Oct 16. 
Rutstein, Benjamin F., Pvt, Oct 16. 
Sanders, Samuel B., Pvt, July 26. 
Sanders* BUie O., Corp., Sept 16. 
Schroll, Charlie. Pvt, 1st class, July 

26. 
ScoirU<S Carmelo^ Pvt, July 28. 
Sohini, WlUiam H., Pvt, Sept 12. 
Scoffgins, Jesse T., Sgt, Jul^ 26. 
Scott, Harly, Pvt, Oct 16. 
Scott William O., Corp., July 28. 
Beay, Royal, Pfa, July 28. 
Segal, Harry, Pvt, Oct 15. 
Shadix, Qrover, Pvt, July 1& 
Shepard, William J., Pvt, BCarch 8. 
SheriU, Beve O., Corpw, Nov. 7. 
Shiver, Kenuth, Pvt, July 80. 
Sims, Bdward GL, Pvt, July 20. 
Sims, Coy V., Pvt, July 16. 
Sims, Thea B., Corp., July 26. 
Simms, Bdward J., Pvt, Sept 12. 
Sinnott Chandas R, Pvt, July 26. 
Skipper, Oliver O., Corp^, Nov. 7. 
Smith, Carl B., Pvt, Oct 16. 
Smith. Carl CL. Pvt, Oct IS. 
Smith, Bdward, Pvt, Oct 16. 
Smith, ailbert Z4, Pvt, July 26. 
Smith, Grant* W., Pvt, July 15. 
Smith. James CL, Pvt, July 26. 
Smith. James F., Pvt, July 28. 
Smith, Martin L., Pvt, July 28. 
Smith, William D., Pvt, July 26. 
Snapp, Luther L, Pvt, July 28. 
Snyder, Orin L, Pvt, July 26. 
Sobievaj, Matens, Pvt, July 28. 
Southers, John, Pvt, Nov. 7. 



414 



ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



BoQim* ICannel A.« Pfc, July S8. 
Bpeaka* Bernlce» Pfc., July 2C. 
Sprinkle, Donald H., Pvt., July SC 
Stanfleld, Charles D., Corp., Oct 21. 
Starke^ Orady, Corp., July 28. 
Stewart, Edmond O., Ssrt., July 16. 
Stlllitano, Salvatore, Pvt, July 28. 
Stockton, Frank B., Pvt., Oct 15. 
Strobeck, John O., Pvt, Sept 12. 
Sugrfffl, Monroe, Pvt, July 26. 
Sullivan, Mitt M., Sfft, July 26L 
Swindle, Clarence, Pvt, July 28. 
Taylor, Edward, Pvt, July 28. 
Taylor, Juel, Pvt, July 16. 
Tennison, James F., Pvt 
Thaeker, Joseph E., Corp., Oct 18. 
Thames, Riley H., Pvt, July 28. 
Thomas, Ray, Pfc. July 28. 
Thomaston, Thomas, Corp., Sept 18. 
Thompson, David, Corp., July 26. 
Thompson, Robert E., Sgrt, Oct 16. 
Tidwell, William D., Corp., Sept 12. 
Toothman. Frank, Pvt, July 28. 
Tor, John, Pvt, Nov. 7. 
Turner, William M., Pvt, Oct 16. 
Twerkeski, Kymuar, Pvt, Sept 18. 
Vann, James, Pvt, July 26. 
Vaugrhn, Jessie, Pfc, July 28. 
Veasey, Jesse Lb, Pvt, July 80. 
Vickery, Chester R, Pfa, July 16. 
Vickery, Earl W., Corp., July 28. 
Vidacovich, Demetre, Pvt, July 28. 
Vobejda, William, Pvt, July 16. 
Waits, Leo, Pfc., June 18. 
Waldrip, Allen, Pvt, Oct 16. 
Walker, Houston E., Pfc.^ July 28. 
Walker, Joseph G;, Corp., July 28. 
Walker, Sam, Pvt, July 26. 
Wallace, Hush M., Sgrt, July 16. 
Wallace^ Victor D., Sfft, July 26. 
Wallace. Walter, Corp., July 28. 
Walters, Clemmie, Pfc, July 16. 
Walters, John B., Pvt, May 6. 
Ware, Lon M., Corp., April 16. 
Watford, Leander, Pvt, July 28. 
Watson, John C, Corp., July 16. 
Wayohoff, Frank, Pvt, Oct 21. 
Webb, Ernest P., Sgrt., Oct 16. 
Wels, Joseph F., Pvt, Oct 21. 
West, Jacobs, Pvt, Sept 12. 
Whatley, Albert B., Sgrt. July 16. 
White, Paul B., Pvt, July 16. 
White, Tom, Corp., July 26. 
Wilkerson, Harvie, Pvt, July 16. 
Wilkes, Edward, Meoh., July 16. 
""^illlams, Don Q,, Pvt, Oct 16, 



Williams, Edward !«., Prt, Oct UL 
WilUams, Georse, Pvt, Marcii H 
Williams, Jim M., Pvt, July 2iL 
Williams, Loul R., Pvt.. Oct 11 
Williams, Rufus M., Pvt., Oct 18. 
Williams, William T., Pvt, July 21 
Wilson, David F., Pvt, April 16. 
Wilson, Oscar R, Pvt, July 28. 
Wilson, Zack, Pvt, July 28. 
Wingro, Lorenzo, Pvt, Aug- L 
Wood, Edwin M., Corp., July 21 
Wood, Wiley H., Corp., July 15^ 
Woods, Oscar 1^ Pfc, June 12. 
Word, Claude G., Sgrt., July 28. 
Wrigrht, Jim, Pvt, July 28. 
Wynn, Rush P., Corp., July 26L 
Tancey, Pomey, Pvt. July 2C 
Teaser, William W., Pvt, July 16. 
Zarvltch, Thomas G., Pvt, July 21 
2etsel8berffer, Andrew J., Pvt, Oct 
16. 

EinUISTED HBK MlSSIira Dl 
ACnON 

An trey, Henry M., Pvt, Oct IC 
Bartley, Dilliard M, Pvt, July 18. 
Berff, Alex, Pvt, June 16. 
Bird. Jake A., Pvt. Oct 17. 
Casey, Carse M., Pvt, June SO. 
Chanchettl, Antonio, Pvt, July 11 
Clements, Sylvester J., Pvt, April 

16. 
Coate, Lester E., Pvt, Oct IT. 
Coley, Oscar F., Pvt, July 21 
Couch. Harry P., Sgrt, Sept 20. 
Damosklves, Jiosapas, Pvt, May 11 
Daugrhette, Porter R., Pvt, June 2& 
Evans, Jake, Pvt, July 21 
Findley, Albert Pvt, July 21 
Fletcher, Newman, Pvt, Aug: T. 
Flood, Phillip J., Pvt, July 11 
Foley, Thomas J., Pvt, Oct 17- 
Gillis, Julian M., Pvt, Oct 11 
Goodson, Patrick, Pvt, Sept 11 
Guin, Jeff, Pvt, April 17. 
Halton, Elisha, Pvt. Oct 17. 
Hooks, Pressy M., Pvt, July 21 
Ihde, Walter, Corp. 
Jones, John W., Pvt, May 11 
Jowers, Jack. Pvt. July 11 
Kessell. Valentine N., Pvt, July 11 
Kingr. Marion F., Pvt, Sept 16. 
Kingrsbury. William F., Pvt, Oct 

14. 
Kinicki, Anthony J., Pvt, July 21 
Kuhn, Lloyd, Pvt, June 21 



167TH'S SUPREME SACRIFICE 



415 



Lane, James A., Pvt, July 16. 
Lee, Bishop H., Pvt, July SL 
Leitsel, Carl F., Pvt, July 27. 
Kimms, Robert L., Pvt, Oct 17. 
Paulson, Hans, Pvt., July 27. 
Payne, Bert,. Pvt, Oct 17. 
Pierce, Albert L., Sgrt, July 2B. 
Plant, Allen 1a, Sst, July 28. 
Powers, Vernon, Pvt, Bept 15. 
Pruett Hugh W., Pvt, Oct 20. 
Quinn, Jeff, Pvt, April 17. 
Salmon, Porter R., Pvt, July 28. 
Shaw, Lloyd L^, Pvt, June 27. 
Smith, John F., Pvt, July 28. 
Southerland, James, Pvt, July 27. 
Steele, Walter, Pvt, July 27. 
Walker, Harvey C, Pvt, July 16. 
Wilkerson, Robert, Pvt, Sept 22. 
Wilson, Clifton O., Pvt, July 28. 
Wooten* James P., Corp., July 26b 

SSHUSTBD MKH DIBD FBOM 
WOUNDS 

Andrews, Bud, Corp., July 28. 
Altice, Calvin J., Corp., Oct 21. 
Beck, Cecil C, Pvt, July 80. 
Bottles, Robert Pvt, July 28. 
Bosh, Fred, Pvt, Ist class, Aug:* 12. 
Commander, Henry, Pvt, Sept IS. 
Broughton, Dan, Corp., July 28. 
Cunningrham, Clifford, Pvt, July 26. 
Cowart Eusene A,, Pvt, 1st classy 

Sept 16. 
Edwards, Jolin C, Pvt, July 28. 
Elliott, Harvey Ia, S^, Aug; 8. 
Ford, John B., Pvt, Aug. 15. 
Foster, Wesley R, Pvt, July 29. 
Frederick, Atlle, Pvt, Sept 18. 
Deliska, Florindo, Pvt, Oct 16. 
Desantes, Platitx, Pvt, Oct 14. 
Dlllard, Jesse H.. Pvt, July 29. 
Domencio, Damaisa, Pvt, Ist classy 

July IS. 
Donohue, Dennis, Pvt, Aug. 28. 
Dunson, Henry, Pvt, July 26. 
Dunn, Aubry, Pvt, Sept 17. 
Duke, Ary A., Pvt, Sept 18. 
Dutton, Bryan, Pvt, Sept 12. 
Qeeslin, Frank, Corp , July SO. 
Gum, Charles N., Pvt, Oct 22. 
Hanna, William, Pvt, Oct 29. 
Hammett Walter, Pvt, April 17. 
Harris, Robert F., Pvt, July 26. 
Helton, James a, Pvt, July 29. 
Hodge, Joe, Pvt, July 26. 
Huston, Bud L^, Pvt, July 17. 



Jenkins, Thomas J., Pvt, July 26. 
Jones, John R, Corp., Oct 25. 
Kennedy, Phipps, Pvt, Sept 18. 
Lampiner, Robert Pvt, Sept 13. 
Loyd, Alexander A., Corp., July 26. 
Maddoz, Hobson, Pvt, July 29. 
Manning, Walter, Pvt, Aug. 4. 
McElhaney, William, Pvt, July 29. 
McNeil, Barnard, Pvt, Sept 16. 
Merile, CaUi, Pvt, July 17. 
Miller, Guy, Pvt, July 26. 
Money, William H., Pvt, Sept 18. 
Morris, Joe, Pvt, Aug. 12. 
Morton, Robert L, Pvt, May 27. 
Niles, Wilfred, Sgt, July 18. 
Nugent Laney G., Pvt, July 80. 
Oldham, William M, Pvt, Sept 18. 
Phillips, Howard H., Pvt., Oct 18. 
Parker, William 8., Pvt, Sept 18. 
Raker, C Norman, Pvt, July 26. 
Richards, Sampson, Corp., Oct 14. 
Rigsby, Horace, Pvt, July 26. 
Roberts, Opal H., Pvt, July 28. 
Roberts, Creil, Corp., July 28. 
Ruff, Austin, Corp., Aug. 11. 
Batterfleld, Kirk, Pvt, 1st class 

July 27. 
Shirley, Alonso D., Pvt, 1st class, 

July 26. 
Sikes, Herbert C, Pvt, July 26. 
Sims, Tom, Pvt, Sept 12. 
Slmms, WiUard H., Pvt, July 81. 
Sobrerro, Lewis W., Pvt, Oct 20. 
Stowe, Charles G., Pvt, Sept 26. 
Syphus, Norman O., Corp., Aug. 1. 
Thomas, Alvey, Pvt, Sept 12. 
Walters, Charles, Pvt, July 26. 
Walker, Charles, Pvt, 1st class, 

July 26. 
Wheeler, Will F., Pvt, 1st class, 

July 26. 
Wright Gerald O., Pvt, Sept 28. 
Teaden, Thomas H., Pvt, truly 26. 

BSmLISTBD MEN DIBD OF 
DISEASE 

Blackmon, John, Pvt, Jan. 28. 
Brumley, James R., Pvt, Feb. 9. 
Dutton, Bryan, Pvt, 1st class, Dec. 

16. 
Champion, William, Pvt, Jan. 20. 
Llndsey, William H, Bug., Jan 81. 
Lipford, Franklin C, Pvt 
Patterson, Travis, Pvt, *April 8. 
Patterson, Ira P., Pvt, Nov. 20. 
Robinson, Arthur H., "Pvt^ April 18. 



416 



ALABAMA'S OWN IN FRANCE 



Sharp, Wllll« Q.. Mech., Jane S. 
Gnclzin«r, John H., Wag:.* Oct. IS. 
Smith, Bddie C*, Prt, June 4. 
Smith, Clarence J., Prt., Feh. 27. 
Tayloc. John T., Pvt., April 28. 
Whol, lacMc, Pvt., Not 6. 
Whittle, John V.. Pvt. 1st claM, 

June 7. 
Wrlffht, Qerald, Prt, Sept 28. 

BKUSTBD MBIf KTTiI<lBI> 
AOdDBNTAUiY 

Brtffhtman, Wlllet T., Corporal, 
March 8. 



Cheeks; Wiley, Prt., Kot. XS. 
Cone. Eldrldse'M., Prt.. Hay IT 
Keaser, Albert. Pvt.. Sept. 17. 
Riley, John Lk, Kech.* Sept 2. 
Sanster, John. Prt^ April S. (ebc 



Burner, Louis 



Prt., June ts. 



ACdDBHTAX* '^f^OUHM 

Webb, Cecil, Wa«., Aur. 15. 



C i.