(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "كتاب المدارس النحوية للدكتورة خديجة الحديثي"

* t.f- 



4^a*JI ^^jS. Sj^^I 





r4>-j^at< 












irth<|4%ffl Cikili jgfl& 





<jjLj1\ <*l5J;i 6^1 J £5 J f^UVI ^j 






(t.*N/Ny/Tl\M V 


■ . _.'■<.-,-:■■ 


-.-■--■> INo 


<-v.id-v (^pj*iaJi ^wiA. 


r. * N ,(>V1 J J :. JjJ - .i^OsJi <a^U^/<j>»J) i^jioii 


o-(-') 


(Y•.^/^Y/Y£^^:1.^ 


/<iUi j^i^ //<^^i <iiii . loU^i^t 


liiL^l AS^S 6^b Jj5 i> <JjVI ..^u.r.lllj l^j^\ oLLu ji Jfcl ^ ♦ 



^^I^^^Ji^JaVljb 




4 






j] ^^a*' «ui ^^ ^jLJii <Gj-«ji; ^J Jjj-^-aUJil Lftlkla OL?^ VJ^' "^ t^>^' 0"^*^' ^^ 
^^i>aJI Ja IAj^J jiuJUJ <-flj^b 5j-*-aJi ^jk JiUU piiJ) (^ie-« Oi^ fje ^ '' ■ ^ "^ ^ * oli^t^ 

iU^I JU jL^ jlj .L^j^ lLuJixl\ Cj\S ^I .lyVI ^ cJi^ IjJ^ ^t:u* J) oUUJi 

ijuUl 6JJb ^>1 ^all o-o^i J:?A>i J>-«^-o cJil L] jSLi.1 j1 VJ ^lliJl ^ ^^ix.-^ Vj 

.Jix^Vl ^^I <±»I>j ^j^f jl>^( <Ai ^^ <^^ <^J --e^ V^ 

jIjxi axAL^ -^bV( ^->i^ 



«i » 



(SH>->^«<>»-^«^<fU-^ 



<ij^U S^^l^ Uil^ o^u J.-iy ,^i^ (^I_^| ^^, ^1 i^^^JJJl ^^, , i.^--„ 

oL-Iji, Lj.^ Ijj_>iij <^jla. ^^ Ijii^j .<i^jt;j^^| sLii ^ i^^fSs ^jjJI (.^jujj ^^j 
^lUl Ojill >lj1 ^-1^ ^^^1 ^^1 j^jt. J «SUiJI ^^1 ^jUj ^^t ^1 sLii„ oil£i 
J olai^ ^ yf>^l ^jJU J „,^lj iilll L^ijj ^ L«^.ji4j iijSJI i^jx.,, j„^^^^^| 

<e--ljj oUU jjil ^5 ^bVi oUS^ <ju^\ iilll ,^,iUJ L.xilll oljlJI g^ jlSj 

j>ili 54iil j^ 1^:. ..ml ol>- ^.it^ <4,Ll:S cxii j^jji ^LiiJi 1 ja ^jlli ,<j>^>^[ _,..ji . . 11 

^i jiji^j*JI jj^l jil^ j.j>ll( ji ^UiJI Iaa yi cJjU. 4j .4.^^UHI cUU^VIj iih-Ll i 
»^^l jUjVlj iidJI ^> <ui ll-ilj tli_>x. SjUI ^^Ij .LJkll J.;.. 1 1 ^>ai:; ^1 j'.u-.ii 

J\ Cu*iilj ,<j,aJI yAlill jl <jj=UJI ^JAi <iji=J l^ cx^jt c,ji^ ^tSJI cIjj 

uuii ji io-Lj. ^ijj jij jj tsj-aji ^jju .pU--.vi -ii-^i jr, js;^: v ^ s_. s , ^ ^j 

aji V dJj jSIj , Ux.lL <1« JSJ jllj ,oLl^l UiiCliL Otil Ulj U_..~ ^illu ^^ lAa.lj 
.aJUJI l^ljjj jvJuJI t4jtiSLij ^_pi l4j>Lu'L ^hio.n olt <ujjJI 4*JJI j,V ^ 



.6^>^ JjVl 0>I1 ^ c^>^* <:?^j*^f f>^J ^jVlj^^^l ^ 
. j^.u^ _ijjbj jj>.lj ^4^1 ol J <JujV! J>4,A^ 

JL^\ LpUi ^Ij ^> ^ U^lj .^jA\j <i^^j^j c^JL^Al>all J-^l 6e J:4^' t^ii^j <^ 

^jj\ i^:^ ^^ticu u^v Jr^^^h uhL^J ,>«- (^1 i> ^>s^' ji^j ^ jii suiJi 

^ a?'j ^j^' ^^» u^Jf^^J^J ^^ '>^JJ ^^ >^^' f ^' ^J -Ue^ c?4H=^' 
Jfc jl^ t?^l y^^l .U« 0^1 o^ u-^^^' or*i **^J1 i/ iS^^ -^f-^' u>^ ^'^ ^*^ 

.l^Ai <utU*j!j j^^'^i c^^'j^b ^.>*^' ^W J^ u'J3^' 0^^ 

jj^LLIj oUUJ^I ^> i*:xall I4I. ^^ Lo U^ Vj ^US^I *^U^ ^ aiJ <1;^! v^ u^J 

.^:iU.VI L-utjjj <J5iUl! 

^0^ ^^ <^l ;^ll>b SJ:5Lu,Vi ^^U^I o>aSl «<^^>^1 ^^Ul)) ^LiS ! Ifi .-uuj 



j.\^A^ uii t>. jjVi *J*^6^JiVi :ce^t 



*ij,t^<* 3i^J>,ah ^j^jS Ji 
j^Sblllj uijA^t ijlludl 



}i\oio\Jd\ 



J^ f^bb ff^J <J!^JL? *^^ cf^ C^'j «(^->*^' >=^' SUii)) ^y vttaJ I Je^ U Siij 

*f ■ -— t V Loo V^ ' ^ ^ I nt*t< II t 

^ <^alc r-l*' ^^"^ ' jt oUi-MjSull vilij <k=i.:iLL <ii-lAJj ^j^^ j=^ 'j^jb S*-^»^ '>°^>* o^^^ 
jpl^ .*.!jAl!j .^Lu^b *,.j^f J-^^b 'c^J*-^^^' ^J^b '*S?Je:^-"J *^J^?^' vje u^^J'-^ 



.^Y/^ j,^*^i j>^ c^UuL (n) 

(V)) 



t/* J^*^ ^ja.L-fi ijl^» j! «*uk wJci .^a^:!! \jLS[)) ij] «<jk ,«j£.l *^jjj! j4JSj)) -^ ^.A*. Lajsu^ 

> Uaj^ jSjj V'*^^*c^^i ai^j ^jjji jj^vf ^is il^ f^Li, ^ ^is: ^ V) ^ji^ ^ 

^\j^» Wilis willj (-aTo \-) ^^^r^^yOll ^ jj J^y la^ .^i ^j Uijuu pUj 
^H-*^j ^LJt wj:)^ Un wijxj UcLa. 60^ ;JtSi JUjlf L«».j:i ^ <Ii*>i 4:4* t^^' «(:r^i>a^l 

^) Lj^l ...^ ^>5 Vj Uj^j jjUf *:V^ jjiii ^j .<ijSJI ^k (,^-«!i>^l ,>iA^ ^1 jt>^ 



({A» 



j\ 6 J irf>,,iH :^1 Jjbl Lilj «6LaaJI l>x^ L4i ^jJjJ iniil J\ CifjLiVI 61a ^^j-o jJ-jjj 
_/' ^^ .^ jJk Lut (^^:ajJI Vj <^^^l J)4 ("fV^ ^^ ^^^^J L>^J Lo^aXq l.nUt r\ LoLel <jj1^jl» <iji^l 

. «^. tf All jft-^ ft J^ JiAfll I 6jdi.tfuif ffLdc ^jA Uj!^j ^ 
ol-LAduul i 6 J-A J^ (%£• r-j-^ * jjj « ^j ■^'l' p ilia If » j ((;juj.jusui i )> j "*j ■ r^'* i J-A I >) >j '^^ f ^ i-a^ 

P^Jjk JJlC 4jU.£l^U .«tjUjftj^l ■ '*^ ^» \^\ *''^ * Vj «<^jSJI <.XJJjJ^» (2,M^J^f (^ft.iiMt Vj «Ci^J"^J'' 

. « j^^jSJ I » J « <ij^ ( *= Laic >> J « *Uji^l Jjb I )> a^ :<ijiJ I jl *^^ 



.to tg|UjajI| t»uljA 


(N) 


.Y^ <cj;Jj>^t V"^->* 


(Y) 


rvjn .ya>=^ioui^ 


(r) 


."VA <(^^^^^5^kllt Obtfjrf 


(1) 


. v^ «y^j^^3^i tjji^ 


(^) 



Jjli\ IJls^j^JsJu ^^^^\ Jji] ^j<\^jJJsju ^J\ ^\ J^ life ^^jA^U 

l^j^jjj <CjI 'i r>j"^^ ^U I^Ljjj (jjljjJL Ij^^^liuij ^SiJLaaJI oLljjJf ^gS t^ijif '_^jj ia-Aj-ftJuSli 

* ^ ■ t 

ftUJI c^^ L^ ^J ^\ J^IjLJI ^! L-uilJl <Ua xjjIj *<ij^i ^jj-a^l otr.>a^l 6jJb wtf.t.-^; 

tjoj,* ^ , J l SLskJj) J^ J^^L ^.S.."wlo jkAJuVI Ij^J JJU Leuui Ij-ouLuj ,^ jA^ '-^^jj *f^ (j-ftLa*. wili-o-i 
wj l*^ i /-> li ^La*^^) v^K int ^ ->J^' w^l ^t^l '-^ ^ t"i J J^ loA ^^^J 'CjhJ-^J^' SUs^l ^ (..JLljlj jl 
wi U** Jj-o^Ij ^ f i I i tj * <j j)T ii i jj Jjjl ^1 "> t»nLfl J^La-JLu ^ ^jJt ,jiti4'iv^M *_jLA-jy(a!j ^lj»*jjl ^1 



(Ct—tU*! wjtrrfc.i.^%f » 






Ch?' 6*^ J^i ' "C?i-fAi^' i^J-a ^jic j.^{^<iJll ^ t^-jL ^l^» :(^>-s»-6L5JI ^_jj_uj_ft ^\ ^ JU-i 



.^rr-^r. c^^J^lJ (:^^>:=jJ1 c.ui. (o) 

, NVT-\AA Ca>^b t^Jd>^' ^^ {^) 



<U jtlj * J^tj ^ ^ 0^1 Cj\^j .c^All vJ^^j 'CaI^I iiL^ Uj^ Ljj-^ 0*^J O^-*^ 
^Jo^^li Jl ^^-.Al: LiA >j /'\(C^,>*-:JI ^i« Vj C^j^l v^i« V^ ^ IJ^ J^ o\^j *<1 

^l^^ j^a^j i^UiU L4„a1^j CrH>^:-^' > Jj^' ^J-"^' C5^4 ^'^' «6j-i^i J^l C^ 

L^olc l> >j .jljJu jAi > Slj^lj SUillj ^UjJt jLil>) :<iJlill <£.j^l t^.^^ • ' ifJ*^^ 

J'^jj^i ^ ^Lj ji. (^* t5ji^^' Oe^ U-^J c^^^ <^>*?^' ^^ 
:^^ ^:i^ j^ um\ <3Ull Ja^j oVlio Jl <el:^ f^^j aec^llf 



• CA^*^' -ii^^ {_f^ ''^J *<M^ffJ^U MJiJ-*-*^' 
^J-^' <^J^^^' ^'-^J^' t>^' -^ t^>«^' >^=^U^^-=^' C^ 

jal Ajjl aii <1 n j j'la^t^ <5-i^l J;:^' *iiiJ Jju pUw J^ Ji (_A"V£^) ty*>^' ;,^-^»AiJlj <(-AoVV) 
J»a*i» jt «QUb-flj!^l SLsbj J^» JjJLi-i Jjj ■%! "ill J^ i2,ru-i^l Jt v-JLiJI j^ uK^; u' £^^ '^^ 



aYx 



.Aa-Ao ,Ar-v\ .^^-e■v .c«->f»ii 


(^) 


.As <C)->.u_>4i]t 


(Y) 


.A"\ <cjjj>,>4iJI 


(V) 


.^■\rJ^^o.»uvl<Jbji 


(^) 


.^'^YJ^■^^,.yvl<Aj; 


(') 


.M^J^■^^.^UVl^3i 


H) 


. \v\ .^uvi <a:^ 


(V) 



,o(j.Li*if j-0 dJJ j^ ^^1 «45>*^ Lf*^^" -5' 

<J^t Jji^^! J-n-V-rlj .^''«4^j:Sii <-M.j^l« j«ij>^l <^jaif» :UlaU^ ^all «JjU aJ>;>?.»> 

j^ ul^j^^.,UK cJ^j .«L^I S>^l i-u.jo*)) aU*a Lt;£ j^l >^JIjAii a>J^aJI altj 
<d ^ ^U .^>o^^ i^^^c^i ^l>- <!?*-» <1^ (y» C>^ ^J^ '-JHi^ ^-^^ ^^^' <^j-^-^^ 

J, \^jSLl^\ ^t VI ^.(3V... J^y^J^Lu^o^r^i <JaLuA\ <ij^l 6Jcl^j 4]>^1j -L^^i 






.oUJJaj JL^jtJ JoLZu ^^;^:a^l ;^jjil 1^-ii 

cm^ ci^\;^juLAj lo . ^M . ^-^ I4] <jujjs^ <Uuijj wJLulj <.a.^ ^U^l j\» :JU .^_^Lu£]l 
J^>^^ '>M^j -i^lj <>jx jAaJ ^ ljjfcAla.1 ^j jjjSl* Ii^:ii:j l^>o TjLLuuJ VI <^jji! 

^Ji ij^^ j^' "M-^^J (^ dtj-x*iVI)) L^L Ljlujj-JI ({JjU ^jj>^» ^j-*^ *4^^ J^ '-* * ^-— ^'^ 

~f^^ tX^ JJJ^I AI4J j^ .« JLa^lj ^Ij ^ 0-^=^*-A;» ^i^4-*i»uJU ^LuMi isujJJ <-i.JjJl l^^l 

^ wflj^l UUx^ J*^j L^iL-VI ciLuljJI ^jj8 <ix>*i^ «^1*)) U^ 4jjP ^jJI ^^^I ^a}^ 
t^^i-u^Jj ^ ^1» r^LuaJlVt <AjiU ^ Jli ^uxa. buo ^fftjlHj ^>^-=^' C^i^j-^' C*^* ^' Cw^ 



.roY,.l^iU/j.^1 (Y) 
.(o -A j ) Injrttl QuyMli (i) 



.^^ j^jHi L^ ^i:i J^U-* ^>-c^ ^l-^^^^ ^ j^^ isy^^^^^'^^ 04j **^'j' (/^ ^ M>^?^ 
j^j ^oc Ji. .LLLull <lljt l'4> ^'>^^ ^i^j^t-^' LAf ^ ^^ uf^f c*ti>liJL Jji^lj 

iLi ^ V lei ^^iJ^^ <*etL. yf^Ai^^llj <^jl^^' M^ ^'^ cr^' £-^' JlUlUiA 
^jill ^\1 .<;j^^j JJiJI i-^ Vj :t!j-^l uAjij^l >^ t^l^ tr^l -b'^L. c^ U 1:1 
JLij .^jj^l ^\ ^3<^;-4^ Ji-^'i i> <-^'aJ 't>J-=^' >^' i^ '•'^^ <:«^ •'■^^' ^'^ 

j^j jlSil yJi. «a;U» J SUj jju^ lIa.' "i4-i "IjVl ur* ^'^ill o^J^J <j^l-^' CA^ '^^^^*^ 

^ JJiJI aJLi-; .JJ^I ^ »>^j ->-is>u> ^ LoS- Je^^ irftil' >»J ^5^:^ '^ .jnLuil 

JiL« ^j <ej^j ii^-j SJ>*^J ^-5^ ^^^ ^^ > V>i ^ t*^ Jr^' "-^^ ^-^ ^-^ 
S^*^ :^ xut^ I^jVl ,,i^Vi li^j .^.Lli ^ 14^ ^:fSai 4.,,^ cJil .iji-l Jl ^> 

^ djdlU-. id:.u^ 6e -^rH^ ^^i^' ^J^^'^' '^J '*^^ s*^ ^^-^ "^-^^^ -J^ 'Jj-^^^ 

c^jUi :^ ^ijlj <Lck ^Uj 4.jijj 4.U!S J^u <ii 5- Lei -uic jj^^ <fi:ss ^ J^u« <.j^ 
iliiA. L_,-^ <aji J-. .*i>-=Ji ^j^i i^i^ ^ S'^^ -^^i '^ '^'J "^->^ "-^^ ''^■^ -^ 



.^^r-^^Y j)ji;^ts>ajii u"j'^'>^(^'"^ J 



,\o 



<-(u ^^^ ^j\j .(jAdu ^^ 1 1 <^ 1 t ^rpTCi Ojlij ^Ij i fl J (f ^>^ fJ <-aLfc J-fclji «L4^dJ ^ flfi-^l i 
^^ Lf^ I ",>* CAflJla.! j^lj <6 J_a.fj V^-i-tfal 3^ia«J5 4 | , > l. M)"i ft oijUol ^ olj-^JjJ p t H ft V^ H *J-ftj 
^ jka ^ijSllj Sjj.<aJI ^JA <^J-o oljiAaJi JIja.j ^jV < Llm^ L^aJII (^jIjH ^j**!^ J:^^^ Cx^ O^ 
j>a.jj J>5Ji 1^ Jjja5 «<jJySj ^*J-*^ C?^LwijJ-c Jj^j CttJ-^' i> ^^ J:i>* ^^^ 

wajUi. j^l j^jj il^jljiolf Ajuj) Ijl^ SLaail Jj UJLP'*^' f^l^j *i^^' f-f^^-^J <-M»laJl ^k^^^ 
^jSJl 4-L^jd-aj 5^>*-aaII LjujJ-6 : LeJfe ^jilujiaJ ^jlluu^Xa VI iilllA ,^^juJ Jj CjAi J I Jjt^J 



^ Raret 



^ <>jic ;: U:>)l jL^-^l J:?l Jl^ i^-ii'l v>f' -^ s^ jl-" "^ -^^ 0>^ jJj '^J^l^ ^J 

.<jic. Si^'jS -^J^^ t^L^MX-al 

^^ij wJxAl Sa-ci:ill ^ ^jl^^l v^^f S>i a>i.x^i ^ ^ c?^» ^L^VI u* -ij^^^ 
^^ C^ o^J ^Ce^J^b C^J^^ > L^^J^^ oUl^^j '- -^4^ ' ^ ' '^^ *> J*^U 

JU ^> ^ Jj ^j ^<1 ^>?-J ^ ^^ ^^ J^J'-^t <-j!j^ l^jju^ j^H^^ J^l u' c^ljJ 

j^ ;^ V ll^>c r l^^lf --i^j <e-^*-^ <--J^ -^^^ ^^ cr^' ^'^ "*>*^ ^^ ^^' '^ 

!'' y<ju^ iWj ^^'^* 4^jjJl oiii c5-^* -Ay-^ u5^>^ a>^"^' c^-^ '^ ^->-^' 
,^^jjII . IjU l^il J^ f4^> c> J^ >^ ^^ "'^' ^^ ^ "^'^ ^^ "^^^ 

,>-^ :^-^-^je ^J^*' '^J^' f^^ > '^ ^ ^^ ^^-^' ^^^^ ^"^^ ^ ^'^' ^^*^' 

^ U^^^je^ L^UJ> Jjj^j C-^^' :;.>^-^ ^3^^ f^' JU. ^ dl3 :^ ^j ^bt^ 
^w^!.o= ^3 ^jUi ^bJI ^UJU .L>^ o-J^^^ '^ ->^^ f ^* t^^' f'^^ ^^^-^^^ ^^ 



.n*-toA 

(cNY)) 



... IfJL^j pic SjLoj i^LLZii jy:^ ^j <jj^e^ v^ J-h'mj f-A^*-*^ ^->*^" Cj^*-^^-^ A>^.>e 

- ai jju <_^ja-c'> i(iijn..«\i ^>uy U:>^ j^j^ t^b ^-^ *-^ Hj • « ^ Mvr ^^^^J '^^^^ 

j^i ^j^ ol^ll-j s2,11^Ll*j oVL^I C)y-«j^I 1:^1^ o-^ ^^ILJtj j^j^-ill Ce 6^J> v^^' 

Sjli v_^ Jl U* LitiL ^IIJI C^t^VI Ll> <e^ Je^ aUjI sUa ^l ^ji S^jL ji J^ 
jloij i^jo*)) JLjaaJt iUJiV) (dA ^ L^j vJe^W^ <-!i-*^' c^u'j:?^^ Uaj^>jII >i<ii>io 

I jjh ^^jCLjLi ji Ul *llya^cA^^' CM^^^' ^'>***e^ J^-^^M^' 4>0-^»^>-*^<^'^b0^^^-^J^' 
1^1 ^ j^l >] j-^>- ^j .'^ <<c^>i^l <^j^ -J-^J <£^ .L^L :,j33 Sj^d^ <^^i^ jjJI 
J^ Cy^j^ i'^j--:- I j-jlo ^U^L <U^I Ufa O^ji' ^ <-.U^i Uj)) :JUi o"J^ ^^ 

.Vj4^ Ij/Gj .c^As C^h-H-=-? i> U^' f4^^ '<:^flj^b <;i^^^! c^^jM > Ci^^-f^f I:^ 






. npij^j 



'>^> J>«Ja^^*J^'jUi:;>^' -uHj^-i-* ^^ Cf^' SLaJil ^txoiu^liiUic ^i^^ jijo :Jli 
Sj-^U jloiu oji^U ^ic^H-«j <ai^Li fjj^il ^jA UaIj^I jU^-ojbjj jLjLai; ^ijlllj Sj^-aJI 

i^i-^n j^j, .cru^jJit c^ oU:>uJi jLsCh oj^l le^j '<i^ <e^^' sL^J l^S^j <Ax:iUi <i>uJ! 

j^] ^j^^^^l Ji^j .p \ja1\j j^Uo^il 6ti-^j <^iJL>il >^*-?^Je' U-^b or^J ^'-^ a^^ 
o.u.t.'G ^ dlJj:^ JUJf Jl^j *(^iSJl jt aiwL 01 0^ ^j^ 4^>^' u^J t^j-*-=^' u^ ^ht 

^jJhl«\!lljj J^j^j J n^ 10 i^LaaJ^ij I ft ASi'w lj-*li 0:*^^ 



.^.^ ,<ijis! <x*ijjx (N) 

. YY ^A .^^1 ^ jVI ^13 >lj (T) 



ULa. ^}^J^J i^J^ tifjA^ iSJ-*^ JrJJ-* A>^J c^^ V^"^ iS'^^ iSJ' ^''t^l t J-a-a-ft ^A^l ^k^j 
cVjJh ^^ ■ A ^ Ljaii — ^* U\j J^^_Jsl— /\^ A J < itr Si J ^ ,^ ild J>L1 <t>jJ^ail t^ In l^j /,! ^^^ 

^\Sj .«ulc ^LL ^jjl ^>x»^uai! ^j < jjfclj-^l jLil^l j_^j <jljty ! ^ LA>A-i:l ^^1 J>-«aVlj 

^»^j f^jflMUII <c3lll <J£. ..Jaj ^jJi <-ftLu ^^^Jai^ f-^JJ c^ iaiUJLl ^140^ JJaj i^J^jS^^ O^ j^flii 

wiAoll ^Liul ^_^l j^ j;^^ j' iSJ-''^^ C^ ^^ o^ ij^ ^rJJ-^ u^ f-^'* 'J-^J <*4 ^T^^-^J ^-^ 

. ^jljJuil <— jJb jIL wijtLo CiJj^J (>jJ&al( ^ jLl^VL (IZtm n"! jijAJ 
* * » . » *■ 

Luujj^ jl '^-i-a^ L-Axo Lft jijlol Iftg ^/^^M tr-^-^ c^^ Li^Ijo ^i^i^j Ca^I^j-i^' Oy ^-^ ^^ 

«4lo jl djj ^^ ^_^J '-if-i-^' yJftJill ^^^ Ijt-a LaJb^t j^^ U^^ ^Ai^b ^J"' ^;' ' ^ ^ ^J^-^J-i^' 

j_^iiA=J! ^j^u^ji^ 6-ufc ^ (jflj *i.5>^' Lc^^jx^ifij c^y^j-i^' j^>^L.xL Cry ^jX^ ^j^ f-^ ^\j£\\ 



.rr .-YNv .^^! Jb-=»^ (^>^ (^) 



<^LuaiVI Cjh* *^>^-^ ^J^ O^ LUU ^LuiVL ^iHa v_j>*-<ai ^1 LJ 3U. Ui *G1 ^^j «^oj^.7ritij 
jtjjj-ftlL L^ j o , > . nj Li ^j <5j_a. ^^ (j ^-^ ^t. J^ J^^ ^-ij-^ |J«->'^1 irxK J-aJ idA JJU jsj *^Lju.o^ 

.J^UIIj jU.^ LpA jll^ij *^UVi ^ys L^Ia jLlliit :U-jji <Jj-a^l t>^j*^f ^>^ i^t\ 6^^3 

4-aj1 o-^ Jaljf ^^^Ji*. 6jLtIu! jjAl) ij^j « /% i Jl L^o-ij ^^iwill ^^^ -Uj J.4-aVl ^ Lj-i-ajJLi 
^Iaj ^' b g v , ft U^ ^.>^ <<-i-i.ijL±JLli <i^L=JI Sj^^La* jiui-i ^ <jjijjLJt ^ <jLLa-=i. <_iijlJI *^Vj^ 

^j t<j^^j-pjLt <j«u jOlij <-i-ujJjjVi 4-1-ujjIlj <jj!jjLJI <-ujjjIl3 <ji^( <.fc-jfjjlij L^^jua_JI LuujJiII 

i»ui j] t J t J ^ U ^LSj L^-ii <^U ^j(^ -^ i^' J^j ^-ojjjXfi J^ ^ w^-^li aj-^-aJi JLo^l ^ f-^j:; 

oJlii^lj ...3:xij]l 6 1 aJL64 ^^jjJf^^^JJI >l*Jj f<J5^a^! Sjj-tfxJi <jjajji a ^a-^H ^jij^ujjlf jJfe J-ilaJI . 



.^^ .^^b<iU!^ot>i (T) 



if 

jjjiJI ^ Ifii^ jl^Jiluil cJ^Vj <iSJ^^^ IfLLSti bullo <-i^.iiV( <^jalf ^ ^oujI cJililj 
oJAl j^ <ej-^^' L^jjJLL ^IjIiVI 6jjj_Ji LfS-iiii J/l ^ oit^ Lfil Ui^^U <fj-.i^i <^jM 

>j > Jj' *^' S*^ ^ C^iH^' oU.>c^ c^^i^' f:^-^"^ *> C-^-^*-^ .« jl^ 6U:i» a*a Uii 



SLshlllj J-2^! Lu-ojujI ^1^>j^J «jiJI Ji <.^tM,i'iti Jfc LjL^ /ijnifl"!! iijL* ((olt^» jl wolc j ^-^n )) 

i>-ij;^! » A.! "^j'-^'l I ^^^« aI «(^33klll Sjtintti ^.j-A*!*)) it «<j3ah.lll Sji ^il l <-i^jaa» :Sjj-<ajJI ^^ 

t>iaLxil Aiatii i J4i tl^AXo-oi^! SLsJJI <X.j ft;, o ^^ «LuujJ^.) LftK JjJIj <6jii.j ^iIaJ! Jc CA^b 
t<jj.ai,.'ll <-Cj.as^il 61a *_ui J^ j!^ J-ft-.tr* Ul ^J^j-alj <La4Ju> 3j.'^"j ^UulaJjj <a\ f i 'u j ajLajJ Jc 

, «4^/-ijj-cxJ t C/ 'J^" ' ** -^ <±AJUbuJ I <Uit tj Ju La jJfe I J-Aj 
<jujjj-a)> J *f^j.^*tl <Ljjj^Jja)> <j^^kJilt oiluif jt <Jj^ak^l 0^>=«-l' ^J^i I nj i o t rn J^U IaA (Ji-J 

L^i (jUa ^jlLi ^>U ^Llil c.4h^l L<4-^jo L -i- ^ <..' i"J I oj-uu U^ <:V ^iiljj ^ JJ^ ^L>jaJI 
j^ Lcl j^ ^J lift Jj^j^ j>Jj ;<L^ji *ti rt Vj <jLXi^ Vj l4lij lulj V a W\<u Sj£.L1-o ^Llo ^j^Su 

JL ^j^jJl 11a Lfl-a ^ . fllM . u ^i 4jLiJI O^ij Ui .<jj„4iJI ,j»{l^i\ ^> ^^>ale^ iiJ ^^^ V J ^Vl 

<Lij>j<j^^^ JLU\ <^u i (^dli 3j>]I t^Lilj <^j*JI <iiif (^ <;^a11oj oU^Ij 4:iLlu ^^Uii.1 

<Ajlil J>*^V( .Zixb Lj .^Liiil! ^-^^'^all ^.ajiuJI L^^tjcl iilj <jt^±x^iiJI Ub^^i^tj *<iL^ ^ ij 
.l^Luai JSI jl ^.r>at jl ^tJ-.-ai>A Uj v^ JJj Ji Uj -^J JjJftl Lq Jl LfAo-x-iiij IfJUiukli 



# ^ # ii j! j: 

Ls-^ f^'-'U^' *^^^J '*^^^' Jj^^^' t^ J^^^** oiutLLl ^\j <l^^uJu ^Jj_*^Vi <jjjjJi UluI j-a 

^ -■ s= ^ ^ t 

^ ^>U^VLfl .Uj^l^ ^j dJJll alA ^ LLl^ 'ji^^Ij Ks* cr^' f'-^^ L^L ji L»itj <G^ 

. O ' t ^ ■ " t I ^ I >A f j t ^' I 6 J4J A ri ^ 4 Jj a 
^ L^L*^ JqLxI L«j il/ " niH jx J^ Lg3.i-<aji ^^*l <U^LsJI S^^Ialii ^J *i-al*i i ^^oil ^-i ^>LLkf 

^ujjlall Jtj^ J) C:u t^ urrMi'lj I^JJajj L^^ Sjjiji) jj^ljJiJI jjr.ifl"j ^ilH ijjfc ^-L jLaJk.yi j_S 



«Y1, 



^ C^*'LJ.lJ ^^1 j:iL l^j^.^ oj^j oL^L c^LUUll ^ 0^3. ^1 ^_>A.*^)j .<^>U.Vi 

i^i ^\<L.u^]j <d^\^^j .Jj^^l tj.*^ jl^{ loib ^ ^33_^U1I L^n.^^c iL"... ! J 
^^i :^ ^^! ^Ulj .(^) ^^1 ^^^ ^^jUj ^I ^12S oLI ij>^ 01 gj-j^"-: 

aSj <^^) 1^ ^ ^ LjL^ <^^ ^j (Balsara) :«s^^» L^^^l ^ ^^^^ji ^^^^,^1 ^ 
^Jil (^j- v^-^^' Ji j^^^ jf^^ t> <?^«>^i <iU.;U jj^ jul>Jl ja dlUJ ^ Uj 



^j-jlI) tjUJj ,ior/a .^11 Mi >ii ^jUdi s^ijj .ir v^ o^^V^ ^— - - >'- (y) 

.rn 4^j>uj j^yi ^jis^ .{^^^ 

'ijAJ^\ i^j ^ ^X?^- ^J *,>^^' 4ikla vJljJU CulS 4.i«Vt i^ (V) 



, (^). 



oljLHtJ! > IjjU l^i' ^ii^ '^>J '>^ >^1 HJ c,^^-^ OJ^ *^ Lf.i-^JL5 ^S>-=xJl LlklAl 

.(11 J.^ V jll^ ^ 05^ Ob cf^J^b -Lii > <^^ <Ldl( a^JJ^.^ *^'>^ 'vj^b 
Ijilli ^Vl Jji ve-^l > oMb O^b SjUVI Jjj j-^UJ' Uj^^.^ Lp^ (^ 

JJij ^L^L <uX-,j ,j^L. ,^:, ...llj :^L SjUVI jlj j^ Sj-M^l Jt IjL;) <ijU-» Jj Uj 
^j^ Jul. ^j^\ i^ s>^ L»*V f:?-^^' ^ ^-"^ ^Jj'^ ~^^^ ^^^' *^ '^•'^■^ 



i;jUi ^i>i ^ 6_>-^i t^>- i^Lci oij <f^::l-^ -iji-b ff^j^' oUjXu f i| t^ i i"^ ->' 
U£ . j.^1 J--JII >*Ui ^ S^^l Jl i^jLJIj <ej^' =i:?^>»^' J^l^' *^ ^> -^ 

U....i U'j^ Jl£ ^5Jji ».ujil.. ^ ^UC ^dVI olSl^ oii^b <j.Wlj jl^VI Sljuj i;->M' ^^-i 

.rot .^t^i cj^j . i^ V^ 'cj'-ȴl f^-- >ii C^) 



jUaSVI O-ojCJ <ij-4_jLtt 1^1 I iTJ Li-iLSj l^^^j i>-«JLjaX Ij v-jjJtJi j^Uui ^^ & j ■% fl n Q*^ 1 "Tilj 

u^ -^'-'i? (^j-t >tVI ^_f-ujj-o ^1 jj ^^ t^'j-**- jUj^I (^U^I jLajJVI iJu w,i^ .^ jSj c4j-o!iL-uV! 
i *, / .^at i X ^ji ^"11 ^_^llli Lajj-tfiij L^L-oj LajI-n mJj l^LaLo-a^j L^I^^^jluIj l^jjLaju 5j-aIj 

Jji OlieJ*^' U^<^ '^JS3 ^^b *-^J '-^JJ ^'•^^J M-^ J^^^ ^i4JLi u-^AO^ ^ JaJli oVU^jlLj 

I ^ t|<- ^jjjljJf aif>ij <L^_ii (2/aiaj1 imU ^ <AiL!iil ias^yi a^j^U, JI^jj *l4-»il ^jjj^I^IS \ ^'iK > r> 
j\ ..^ji^llj j^ ^ <j^LuJt <-:iJkj-*Jf JaLiJif ^ U^! caI^IjJI ^ -i^ . A tj j ^,>»iJ <JjLL-6 j-o 

y^jj^\j oljUJb o^UUit a5>^j ^^L-:^VI ^^J^^\ ce^Lc (^1 ^jjll! 4:h1>1( 



L-oj .riN/N o»^( cy^^ . irV-lTY/N ^loi^l |.^.»*-j olt-oir ajL*ii :>1; (T) 



,\N .^joaI^II j^1c:>i JJLUI >!. (1) 



Jjli\ ^jL£ L^ ULJdi ^jLd\ ^ ^joll ^lil^ j^^i^ IjiiULJi^ .Uk j^ L^ 
<;>iill <^^l <iliill jSl^ 1^1 i^l L^Vj jlj^VI oils j] ^ u^j <iiJlj ^o^lj 

VI ^ V l^UI jV r.ja^ ^15 U^Gj jlj^VI »ii» ^o. ol VI .jyai:^ jj^^ij^ ^:,,M^ 
^ 6^j^l SL^I <.^li^ c.^^^1 ^ili ^^u y^ 0^ ^ a^l^l ^Uil ^ Sjj^^ oi^ 
^J ^1 >cj3j .Lf^ Ju^ c^t£ ^1 iit^i ^li^vi c^u (.5Lu,VI Lei >^l ^1 S>^l 

■ •ulSa.! ^^j 4ui <m\j <ukj ^i>i| S*!j5 ^ cj-^ixull »V> 

S^U^I :^^^ .ULJf ^.^^ ^UUi ^^j:^. ceSe <^f <-.!^Vf jMJI ftiii ^ p t^l ^^o.^. 
c.^-^lj ioul^VI oljLi^L <a^:iL.VI <^^f j[^i\ oklLk) c^U^I ^3£j:l j^iA ^j 

.de^lj j^l^l d^.^1 :L^ j,l^^l r^ljuj .^^ l^ ^) ^1^^ 

.^UJI Uo;:..^ s^^l AjA....^ j:^ jlj;^ ^ <ii^ ^^^^1 u Jj] j,|£ ig^bJ) jua^MI -\ 

• ^->^' i> 0^ <^f C^^* ^'•^^5 ^j^l L>^^-^ 

jl^^iax^Vlj jo^o^L ^UiaI ^ ^U. j>. dilute ^> i^ j^ j,ll ^1 ^^1 j\jl!4:^\j 

^Ij^il^^i LUl^!^ jj^all cLi^ dJl£ ^^^ c^\S ^1 S^;-^L <-^(j^i UujJ.1 ^^j 

((YA)> 



d-^. r.'. *LS aSj L-o.^151 UiSc U^J -%"i <a-l>j t,5L5%i W4>^ J-^' dl^iu JjLulw 4«U j^ ^\^ ^ i\ i n/^ 

d ^K-ytj <j^L«-a jjj-uAjj 6«ilLjjj ^JalMU ^j^^J «<GjllaJ 

If 

^ C^x-jiji! ^^..^ *GLi^5 u^jwUi ^U-* Ciil£ Liilj UUij <ift]ij ^ud^l oL^lj43 <:^if^* 



. YAA .4^^UuVi 
. 0^ ^^^1 ^j YY cx^^lj . 1V\ ajUJll (Y) 

..UVl 4Jh*A? YAY c^^H-S^b T^ - YA J lA^ 11 ^ *CiH>iilb C^hiJ^^' '^^-^ (0 

Ao^_^ij^j.YA-Y"\ 



^ '^j^b ^j^^ <^^^\ ^Uu] Jic ^ \j*^\ c^ <L^LiIfj 6^j <:h\jjj jj^^l Ifu, ^j^\ 

^ d JJ '■ ' o^J «J^^' 3>-^» ^^^.o.^ ^^L^j .JJ^U U.LUj aji^ iH ^Lk, U>^ jl^l ^l<; 

.<-ii a>*-^ <:^>^> J^^^ -u^^io j^^^l ^ <jI>JI JjUll U>^ <iu=ii ^(^ ^j]l iil^ 3j.,h 

(jr* a>-*T?^ J^ Jjju^l ^Vu jli ^j *f^J^i^j f^Luuiij ^Lu^L jti>^U-lij jU^VI 
LjL Ji=.i.yij <x.LJl <^jL jej^ f^^j s>-^( 4eJ^ j^jj^* f f-^ < L»»j^l (>it^ UU s^^LJI 

.,-^^lj jjJI L^-U ^^ ^1 ^1^1 ^ j^^l J\ j^>ilLi^j <.jLJ| ^ <^UVI ojih^ij 
cJI^U j^oJI ^I^V! <^LiJ 03^..^^ 1^1^ /yoJI uii>-=^*lj a5d>Aiilj jU;Jlj p(^;jl^Ij 

.l^lx-^ljjj UJo^j^ j^iAxill ^ ^^Lu\ Aj^sS-A '^ iSJ^h iSS=^^ 0"J^^ 

51^ ^ ^^ ^j j^ -f-cLJI ju=w^! Uu^Vj- c^U^I oij^jil Jj^l^ 0*^ f-*^ '-iA 

ij j^UJ! . i-> >m1 I j^ jj^VI ^V ,..>uL^ j> oLo>i*^ ^al ^ji:; ^j 'Ctjj^* v^ jSjU U^i 
J J " ■■ ^ ■ ^> b <^ f>^^l u^U^ 0' >^J oUJiJI ^jaI^j i^I^I ^Ll£ J* d ^ji ^ ^llj ^ij 
JjdAA^ pLlUJI ^^ ^UIJ ja^^l ^j^G aloj j^oiVi ^1 >J JjJb oIoj <^^( oLuljjJU 
^*^' ^Wj *^^' f'^iAJl :>* »-*J:?^j ^o^aJfj J,1jSJ) ^jk j^^j p 1^>U ^Uk.j |,^U^ <ui 

oj-^ij o^j^ij o-^ j^i ^^jVi SjiJtj <^>aj(j <jr^i j^LlJii ^^ jj<:ft"H iiU Sj j\Sj 

,^J^n\\ jaJli loA JAJ Uoi 






*j] ■■^•a'*l <_j^^l J}C <( fth^ I t >,.^t^l «JJb I ittu ^j .^j^Uuj CO It itJi^ 3:^^ *-^'j fdKt 71*11 I jSsJ^ 

:L-L^jU]lj <AiL>xJlj <iiLb:iil '•^'^ J^Ol\ lift 1^1 ^j4 ^^1 oUtj^l jU J>5ll 
<lJI ^jUiJl jjjJtj_*ii.I-uJL ! oil* jl ^yui-jiJi j^ (jl^ j>-*^' tf* 4^^%-^' ^Lklllj *^j-iJl j_pi 

if^ jj! ^-lUjJI i>l3lil tjl tjjn Jji ^j (^JJl J-& «J;Lj-i-Jl JJfi: j-ajJ( <x.lLusb ^^ij» <Ji>Jc Li^ 

^u ^1 ,>^,oi w^^ijJi > <i!» ^iill ^ ^ <-il1 w^Li^ ^ JLi ^^jJi "Fleisch" ^>ll 
o^j ^II) "Carter" ^^^^Vi jj-JitiiJLi ^i^i^ Sjliil 6l^ i.>*-^j j^j' urx . M^ j-^j 

v^Ll^i ^ Jr. n"i Ml J <bj 1 J . .1 ijl i ^ J 4 (lAJj «^j-xlf j.^! Jj_x-ol ^^» :<JLL^ (ji ^Ijll 11a 

j^'J l tj <iall ^ ^j^ijull J4-AVI <jujJlII oLalLwsJLI J n I n'tl JJaJ! SjjiS 4x: jn^ nj 






^LJli jSiii J, i^UjJl ^lull,, :<:l^ Lt£ ^^ aS "Verstecgh" ^s^\ j^.^-...ii ^ 
^luSIl ^^UUiJI J ^1 ^ij ,^^| ^^, ^ ^l^^, ^^^1 ^^ ^ ^ ^1^ _^^^l 

^ .J>i L^ y.„^l ^L^i ^^1 juo^u ^Ul ^L^l <k^|_^ dJjj ,^U^I ^^1 

\ "uUlJ» j,^UJ^I :;^_^l ^ ikoj Ui_^ i^j^^^l ^_^ ^ 1^^ ^^, ^^y , ^^ 

>*j ... L^j u*i^ <juji ,i^ ^ ^ii ^j .^. ^ ^^1 ^ ^ ^^ ^^1 ^5_^| ^ 

.<e^Li>JI > O^^l i^ 1^1 jj^vi Li ^1 ^^ ^L£ t^jll ^SU,.^. j»^lj.l jLLm-V) :^ 

CA^jOil ,^i^ J,l Jji; /,ll ^^ill ^JS1\ ^\ J^ j^I^jJIj ">„_,L«_,| JJ^ jTOll J. iLi jTg 

!E*^' u" iSJi <^ '<iij^^ ^lai yi yril^jJI ^Oll lo^ l^U ijiUjJI iiLiilL Ijx^l jyiJI 



.(Y^r-r^r/Y 

.roe ,<iJ]| (,Jt (£) 

«rY>, 



^^Vl Ji^l > oiil v>J' Cru-H-^ V-^l ^.>-^' f^^' ^'» ^ '^ S*^' ^^^' 

ji ^Lp^i li* ^ <uJi a>-je ^i^ J-^i ^J c^^ -y^ ^-^ ^ ^^ ■^' ^>^^'^ ^^' 

w^3 c^^l u'^: ^J^ ^"^^' '^ '^^' '^■^ •^i^L.-^-J' i"i J^ ^l^ ^^' ^' =Ji^' 
^ lj_xlLlj :,L;^^I l>JI-^ ^ "->iL:^J f>J' Je>*^ 0^' 'J>^' ^ '^^' '^' ^' 

oii > i^ijj^i t^ H Ji-^^ ''^^' ^' '^'■^ '^^^' ^^-^ ^^' -'^' 






i- > 



:<-jaJI j^ Ja5 U^ ju^j Sij ^L^U„ (Jl <ll Jl j^j^ Ulj 4.^ 

^:x.-£ai ^jVi ::Aj^u ^ ^Liivi ij,^.^j <e^L^i > Uj^ ,-u,.r>5i <^^i j,i :^iij( 
^'1 ^J t^JJI o)Ai3 ^j^ ^^1^1 1^ ji^j 'i^j*Jl -t^UiJI IjiliJIj .j^\ ^ j^ilSJI 

.'"'^eiL^I ^ oils ^1 olSj^l iil ^^1 ,^1 J J\ ^j ^i|( ^ ^ 



Lj^UJ!j UuJ\ ^jU\ ^ ^^^^{1^ oj^l: ^j^\ jl Jl ^j ^jj! .Jw^ ^^ ^^Jj ^^ 
SjLA^ j^ ^>JI ^^ U JS ^>JI ^1 ^jU j.!il, > 6. Ij^ Uj jjh ^AAf jl^l ^^ jtl >. 
A^l jLi^^i ^j /'^<iii^| ^Luljj <.=^;^.^^ ^lio J^ l^-a^ie o» os^' ^^ v^l oxflj 



• r-ys .A^jMi\<iM\^U^\:^ (T) 

^ -t^T^r^^/^ .4a.^!<ijji^iji^L! (r) 

.T\o^,^lj<iU! (V) 

. ^ * jOi t ^il-.. , ^o -r':i>^- <J^^' ^*j^V UjTG ^a*j 4x.^L«VI SjU«JI (A) 



l^jU. ,,^UJI >-=^l J^ ^jt^ '>^' ^ f>^^' iJ C^^^^ o^J^^ J iSJi o^ iS'^^ *^' 

y^^j^ c^^ja U^ W^ l^j^j <ee^' ^*^* b^-^b <:*ej*^' ^^^ '.>-HAi ^^( cf^ 

^^i u>^,>ju ij:i^ ^ ^^1 jl isjit j>^ '4^^ :j^^ :>^' '-^ '^*^' f-^' > -^*^^ 

^ ^x^i jtj .^li^i 6iA i^ ^UJi j^i ij^l^js f-^ ^' Jji */* Oej^b a/allj ^J^\ 

P^\3 o-J^ ^iw^ Uf^ v^' 0^ ^j j>*^' *^ '^"^ ^^' 

L^ U.^ jjjje^.i .i4^>^ii.j JijiVi .d^ j^^c4-us > r^ ^<.U <^^l <il-^b 

.■'■<Lii ^>iL ^^! SUol! Jitij huMjUdl <jaii 6>^1^ iiA ^ fil^M ^:iliJl Ojlf 0^5 

jl>.a . jjlj .i-j:^ u.>.,j.jr^l ^V! >Aj «<e^U>-ll UllI >^ ^ <e^i <.x^t» ^--^-l-* t-^ 
^ ^\J\ j^ Ji<. <^l c^lj^ ^^^t ^-^^ ^^^ <^^^' .^^ 0" J' <^ ^^ c^^' 3^^ 

1^ -..... ^ 4>4J1 ^1 ^! ^jj r<^j^\ <JU1I U^Vj L4^1,^1 V-^' oUJi.^^ ^ 14^^ 
JI1.I > CM-^I CAJQ-'''^-"^' U^ Jl^u c!l5>.^i^-^b ^J*^^ ^Jl J'^^ ^-) r ^VJ^ *^^*^'^ 

^ <u^l L Vi «u>^e-- v^ c^ ^^ ^ *^'^ '"'^' ^' '^^* ^■^' ^' ^^ ^^' (o^) 



.Yo^^jM/N.^^L^VIj^ (N) 

.^^!ililb u--i^b u>i^b L>--^' J-=^^ a>^ C>i^ ^^ >^ C^) 

.roV-TlA>lijToY<r^lacljill (V) 

.Tor <j^! aci^i (1) 
.roV 4^*3^1 ox^ijill ^Itj (Y«^-^°^ <:J>=>^ 



i- 



..^'UAiLuSiL^ ^j^i js^\ ^ JiAla») <iE IIa ^ Ai.jJLij» :JU ^AJI «j3j ^j» J .4>^J-ii (JjAI^j 

1^ ^J-*-^^ ^ W ^ '■ "'^^ ■ ^ >> 'Jj-^ C5*^' «J:jLi jjjj^^y J ft<j ijj^Lij ^^j ^,^JlU J^a^j ^Jj^ 
LjjX »1A-i Jj i ^jixi I J Ja^ ) ^ ^ jj f ijjj ! ( JLA j^ til i Mil, LLa^j a^ I jjJ I .^r>*S Jj-6 ?^h 7b„/i oltjAj^ 

J:^^' 0> c5^ o*^ c^^' .(Braumlich u^j^» j •M*^^ cs^ (j^^-^ Ij^l ^jL^ J^fjVl 

I j-aJI i'LJlJi ^: t . Ai J;) ,^^UJI ^_j^lj ^j» :JLi ^U) ^Lw JLulj^ jjJLljli pV>ii ^j 

g. „ -.■.■■ / — ■ 

^^ J^J Ho SLaJi-U \j.A^Jj j^jJI t;^j^l J(>ll Jja^i 6 JA J^ ^ tnUj Iaa ^ji J[>-5(j 

. ^^f ^:iA£j |»^jUi i^ijSJi ^j <^j£. <dja-oi jij *^jc <A^j j_^ ijii*. ^Ili jij 

j^ic J^l j-fl ULa.j jjXu (^JJI K^jjJ J l^^a^ )> j_JUAUj_ijt ^jj^u-iuill <AJLj.iJij <jJU^J( Lq^-u Vj OJu 
jjGJL /)|UjUJI /jI JI *LAi wj-AJ t<«Uj) n »M ;»jLi!i *^j-*-^ ^j^ uiJ^^ J-^^^ aUiun ;&Lu-u tJ\JjLall ^Vj-A 

LrS-*%5 *t^^' (_jj!iCbM ^ij_fcujLallL I^LUjj j^LajJI 6Jj6 jJA <aK J^ ai».u ^ (J^fj ^*^^'j 4-aJI^Ij 



4-j-uja^ ^ (-jla.Vi jjLlilf C^^^ tr^ **^Jli J . J . "il l ij-A^a^jJij-J-t j^i^jJ) (^Ij j^aoj (N) 

■LajA> 



^ i^io Jnn"w.,l Lo jji^ jl ^>i ^ij^'j <e>»^f j^I>j:JI ^jU. <eJ-^e^ v^ i^ <^j^lj 
ji\ i^UJVi J...-X13J J^i ve^j^ ^ .^-^11 oijjilL jlxii U Le-wj.L^ii^jIiUlVi j^ij^ij 



.Nrr.NTY .YTN ,^Y^ <^j^^ ^ti$ ^>«i (^(^^t .^t ^t*i^ n 

«rV)) 



fitj^j ^ J J I i^V ( i<jiUZu j_i f^-^- (cfj^^ j-^^' Cx3^ u' Jj"^" ' "t I J>-6 *tit ci.uj jjij (jjlIJI !j^ 

jLLuuVt Cluji JJBj ^Uj_JI j,rk.lJJ J)u» tj£. J^JoIt A^Lual ^LaJu V 6JJJJI-0 dtLaJiskAA^ ,jitj"i5i J^ 
<ULMaU 6jl ft'ic 1 <G.S)bJ iLLa^ ^^ jj£ LaJ'j ^«J-f^ » 41 '\j aJj ."U-aIc ^ j J n r <1jj1=ij iJIj «^JjJjl,>^*' 

Lq^ 'JjVi 6j>L ^^^ (^y^^' jjJiUli Ji^ [jUJiXjlj (<j-o^LyVI Ajixl! ^jX.1 j-a^I aJc. jI jlacl UU 

(1 Ij-j-uj iauij jSukli fglc La j-ol J[_5l oLS v:ij! oLjJxj ^jI 6l-x*u *^'^ij jt tvAii olr-fc iin,iva.o oL^t^ IaS 

4-i.V'^ t^l ^ Lajjja^l Jj (^^^} OjjJVI ^j-::^! J>a Lfij-i-uiiij aJ <-uaJLk <^>C SjjjuaJI 6d^ ^^j 
^r .Aft J I ^jj J;ii=»-I' j'^ *^ ol^j-=JI Jic Jjll 6^^-Mcaih-6 <jjj-^i L^jj^ Ij-ajLaJlwiii <-J^j*^^ 

j^l JIj jJj <Jd}\ ^JLfj wi^Lo-s ^j^ji^ Jj^^ '^ J^j ^^.->^' o^ SjjJkL/L4J) 



.jAxJl] ^ . NTA-Ntl >iaj . \Xo-\Xi <jj-i,*^ ^U£ .>-i ^ (^^1 j^i^t 5*LJ:»i ( > ) 

4>^V1 ^!j t ^ T/N *<^>Jtll 4-iiil ! jl ^l^u ^ ^ * ** ^i>-^* Sj-*-c^! l^jju^ j^ (V) 

<(TA)) 



^^1 ^^\ ^\y:.\ :j^\yy :4J^ <-fl^j tl^^ ^^ J^ ^ <^J -^'^^^^ J^ H-? *^>^ a>^=^ 
^^.<-:l lj ^.fl^Hlj ^-^U <^L^ 6 vii:o ^1 ^j :^ <i w=*:i ,^^ w-..>>Jt ^:it£o^L^^Uai!>A Ui! 

. 1^ o>^ :/l <j^Li. jJ-^:-» J^^' cr^^J -U^' *^^ ^J U^ f«-^ -^^ ob -f^^ u^ 

/'L^i f^cj^ i^iiui^ j.<^^»<-j£: jUai^i c^ iiiij L^ jAji=..^( o^<i 
<G\jl^ ^ l^l.t';....j ^ «Crh?>i^b Can^' oUJ^w v^^ ^e^*-*^ ^^^' ^ fr^'-^' ^-^' 

.'""'<j£. ^illll Sjltl jc liLutU Jj Ji. t^lji^l J:?^ A»=^ opSj" J^Aj .L«-i5lAj 



. (U^) ?iUI ^ J43j (M ^j^^ 0^ ( ^ ) 
.(Ui) 0^1 ul-J ("f) 

j^i ^j suiji oUJ. v:jS ^^ 4>-^i ^^! <^j^ ^ WJt^b -^-bM' *:w jlis (») 



^-uJt J)jl <JiJ Laj pUjXff «-j! ^iAJ Lo Jlj-S^l 6JJl tlAJ J^ <Ui n-j-. ^ ^t l ^) aijl (5^(j v-j-AIa 

dlJj ^-ci ■1.1,4 (f«_Li-a La j%V<.u*r>i Ji <CIJJL!LajU»> Jj-luV i ^1 JU (J-^^-ill Jj-*-^! ^ i '^J ' ^ ' <^' j^y^l 
:-^^liI jM.*si" ((<dj-j-uj3 ^^_>JlL( ^ *^(_^jj <lll J;!)) :1^ LjLi j-a^^ Laoic J>i-uVI ^\ J^J If*^ 

T^L^j: <-u>Lut jjbljiijl Iilil>U jLx^ ^ ^j-^l f*^ cr^ -^Ji^ ^ cA W^?^>^>5 *^^' >e-^-'*^J 

(jx^ <_i-*aL^I ^-a^L^I j^ ^*l "^ .^It < i r.< U-oj iiLLJl jt5J-*-fia t^va *^ <iJi ij-^j vj^ u^ ^L^il£. 
'^'uj^^U <] Llj >aJt Ui^: :^ L}» :Jji^ ce^ JUij <:U^ dl! > ^^^^jl^ *^^^^^ cr''-^^' 



<^). 



jL-aiiJl 



A.>=^l (T) 



^Ljl-a i^-ii i >t;^^t L . . » r. 6jj i„r>^ J-<la1I ^ tu-^^-b '-^^^ 'ikiA.j . ^^j -k , r^ S^^lji <3pt^ 

oil£: ^1 <iLU) <^U^ Jc -K=^>xllj *6^Lkli <L*^lAi ^i^ij <juitj <^t_;j <l^lji» <e^^ J^ 
ll^j JjLuJI ^ l^ ^l:iJI ^_^j <^>Ax^ ^Uj^ lorA-iv ILu oU.1jjll 6i& o^l^ j5j .<j:^j 

.^j^ ^^^.wiAj ^Lp- jf'^^j ^Iflilx: ii^Uj c^-cl-ull j>lujj jf9 <^i^i 

J^UJl oUJ > ^■>.^4 jjii U ojlli^lj *6jLlUlj ^tiu^lj <£.!Wlj <^Uxili ox^ ^{ 4^>^l 

<uJLa,lj Jjijill ^^U-a uU=J i=JL-» ^ M*^^i3 Uj-uuij I^G t5j^l oUL /OJI Jt oaajj 

^Uj_« ^ ^>^^^j j-A>?J^i 5-*^" V^-^l iH^^^^ ct^J ^l-*^' (^'^ S^ i^jUL^ 
<^laJI ^U^ oVU^ j>Ui ^ Lfi>.jiJLu« ^1 oIjLaJIj cljjitl J^ j^liVI I >^aU1 .. ,jI 

«1V, 



^^L=JL! ^ J ft 1 jj .1 -s I Mill j^ oLiJL. ^ f%U'u Jij^Vl ^.jLaX^uuljj-^^lilt jlj fl'ur l jjlj cLJxIi 

Jj^ JaLilVI 6 JA <LjLi d^JJ ^^Ji' <_3j^l A^itSa <K C}1^ ^Jc C^ n t "^ i n n <jj infill (jjb 4-JI L-U-<ajt 

Laic Lfill jj > ■ ^ "ft > ^1 ^^Ui) j>c <u j,A^->"ll ijjljclj La}Lul <uk Liuj <j-i^i ^iuLJ} <i^^jl 
^^i ..^jUD ji^ui^ ^Ltl£ ^ cjU^U. I j) ^ ■ Aj ^ ^V .*^>»-A ^>^ i.,iis.L^I «u o^ ^jl( 



« 1 Y)) 



Ijl)) :<Jj^ jj_«.Vl jj1 <lJ[c U£ oL*:^! ^,^jj fdA^' o'j^' ^^' <Si^!^ ^Li^l ^^^i jj^Vl ^1 

^1 Jciij)) JlJU La_ii ^_jU»_wu Lo IJlAj . *,^-\ (rtti .kftit Lajl ^"^ -n. ialL ^.jjKIIj IjIj Jj.i*»VI jj| lOuU 

j_^ Cr; '^ i > * J J j^LoJc laiLxj ^^j '^j±^ ^^L-skl ^^ ^ 4j-^ .^">ll f^j^ J! ^dlj ^ c^-Jb f<4jLiiiji( 

Ji I (j fl*t < a AJ LaI (,/H'sIj 4_U^^i kjlj^^l ^n -N^ (j^f^' f>-''-«al-C ^j^ J^^-^ ^-^ ;^| V^ *^Jt>=*^' ^^ 

( J ( J tr- tr- (r- t^ <o (*-j < I IJJLj Lo-ii Sj^^j-cJI 6JJb ^Jc, k_5jj^l *Lii OajIj (^^I ^^LjaTVI v._jljj^^Lji 
> I i ^j "- h Uj . SjJctaJl 6JJfc ^>*-<su ^1 Ij^-Aj (,...,, (J (Ci i^ <>— 9 (p <^ <-b iJa *,_j^ ^O^ **->" '»->" 'J 

Leu <.aJliiJ 3-Q^ *:Li)j jl^fj v_ilSU ^,,4g-% r ^^laj jJb LojI a>x«Vi Jjf LaLojuu U^— jjLUi^l jj ^.jJ:^\ 



c(lT» 



<ijli a>^Vl jjI <:ii jAi U L^ jj^jii^^) oU:iU]! ijjts jALki) ^^^j Uilj J'^^^l .-.^" ■ . xj-. 
<^Jli]li ... j^fj3 <^^(j S^^^^^lj LsJlill. j( > blj^ oL^ ^ J^ *^^> (oj-uJ^ *c*xu^^ «o%".^) 

u joi^i n^^jj .4£^i j^ ju^ <i=ai cJ^j :i^:^ jjJi\j/\ 4} ^^ ^ jj^j ^'^<^ zjLj i 

.<li]l jIc Sjj^jI! 4^:iUiI <4aLi^ ISxt Ca^ilc <JlJIj j^oo^V) jj) iLuioj Uj * jj^L A>Jt <i^ 
alii li tluii j} .j^£i:i jjL.x. ill iL^j\ jj-u^Vi ^1 j^ j-Maj ^ j^ ^ «v-.lj-cVi Ls:« ^^^-Q-o. 

.^iji ^ *-.3^ j j ' "^^ * jMi j'>if i>i *^j-e- (i^j ^ ' A . L i jkij .wJJVi jki ^ ^.^.a^ c>^' ^^^ i^' 

.^aJI ^l^i ^-u^j ^ jAa:^! <^ljj V! ^ Lo j^^^Vl ^1 laii J'\ cHj ^^^^*xj 

^ K 1 , n ti/j oLj^j-ftlij ^juL^Vl J>^ ^j^i_ij <-:i.jJLftII jL^-^-qVI iJJil ^_^ VJJ^' lalLLlj tA4^ 

^j jL£jl <ij-^ Jj>A_ikL^ Vj *<GU ,^_,Ajlj 5j!iUj VI S^L^! ^ V <^jJl ^jlif ^bLLS 5^ 1^ 

.YlY/l.^l3^1 (r) 



A 



UU ^Vl Jjl ^ dll. a>^?^b LU-^lj ui'^U' -^-^^' -J^'i^' J>cl^l jli; ^ 
^j j^\ J\ q^nl.^.U ^,^-^b jU^VI ^ u-^' ,>^^^b C>^' ^^^^^^^ ^^' ^^^^^^' 

^j .aij. >JVI ji-M^j 6jLii:b L>^' J>4^ J^ ^^1 ^-*^^' r'>*^^ V^' ^^^^^^ ^>^^ 
j^^A^\ ^ij J^hJI w.b£J! oLV ^U 1^ ^1 j^\ U.h ^^^1 ^> ffl^ J^ >-V^ J-^^ 

^\j^i\ J^ UjiJ i^^^* ^^^' ^^e-^ <> C^l>i=^ jyi ^^^-^ *^' V*^ (/^ ^>^' > LT?-^' 

.3^1 ^ J3VI j^lji) ^ <ac 4Jil ^j JUL ^1 :>j Jii JI <uU^I (iJj:* :JjVi 

^ l^jLi ue>^i ,:^>-i *^ j^^J f^' '^ t^y' >^ Ji^^ ^^^^ ^' ^' c^j^^cH^* 

.y.j^ C^ Cy^Jl^ii^j J^^ f^^ :>i J^^ :Ua J^l lift 
.^[^^Ij^l^bO^j Jjjll J>-VI Ll J<.U--=.lc^ja:*^liJI 

:<jui ^ (-it^rvv-) ^u.^!! ^ui' ^1 Ju^ c-e*j^' o>^' c^^j^ ^ ^^ u^^^^ ^^^-^^ 
:JU j^VI ^) Cjc ...^Iw,.>.J) ^l^ je' ^^ -J^'t^j^* f^J Oe J-^ >^^i L:^^»> 

L jliu ^ :oiii c I>1* U>^ 4:L;1> <^ <iJf yr^j ^*^ ^ ' <>e i> C^^' J^^' os^ ^^'^^^ 
.L^l J^Uli Ulj ^^.^ Vj ^U^ ^ .^j >-^j ^lii :<=^^ 

slf^ji ^ :J JUi «S^» >:! ^j«jl^j J*ij cJj ob 6!» '-k^ ^J^^ -^^' ^^>" ^^ 



((£0) 



^>-V( ^1 o!£i .^Ij ^.^Ij ^_^l Jl <i ^Liij Uj^ ^UJ J*^l jj^Vl ^y JLii i^- 

.''*Yl^< ^ CAloiil j^l Ot dJj > oil u ik^ 

^1 ..U^^l ji ..UJii'l <^_^ i^j ,<i^ ^^j^ -^^ ,^ ^^^ ^^.^ [^ ^ .U t^jJI 

3>^V( ^i ^j u .^ ^uvi :^:^ >j ^ ^^^^ j^i^ ^_^ ^^j^ ^ ^^^^^ ^^. 

^ jJe ^ j-Jl oi J^ J^ .. i^ Uj> L^i. ^„ ;<J ^ j^j «^„ ^L^ij ^^^1 ^_^ 

> U^t ^ ./'Ul^Ij ,,.^»:iJlj J^xiiij J^UJI ^Ij.) I^^x^jy ,^3=j|j ^_,,iiij|j ,_,,^|^ 

.Jhj5H ij^ Jl3 JA« (-<^J«j oU. 

.■V-A/^UiiJIj^L^lfljTr^-YrAy^Ujll JUI (\) 

-Ao *^^i ^^! ^13 ^ S^^l <iLJ! Ujjj.^^ ^iijt^l AOA JoLu ^ >uu (T) 



Ul cjj^^ilb 3>iii>^:iU <^K ^j <iuu <^Ui>ll» jj^VI (^i^iJ^ Wb' *^^ Of^' Ca^jl>^' cf^ 

^j.-. "j UJi J-^j o^ Jj\ Ji* «ilJ :>L^ ^j *<ej '^* ^ ^ t^ H 1/^ f '^^' t* f' ^^^-^ <i>^ai 
-sj «*'*^^j^i j>LuVI ^1 L^-^LJi j-^jj t ^L'J"^ S^b W:?^ C^J ^-W <J^^ 0-» Jb' u^J» 

^^^^lill j^aJ ^jI :JU .<aj-ii ^ r-- -" Lc^l :^U .pLAx^UI m^^I I Jli S^l a^l U o^i 
Jjl jj^VI ^b .... L4JC 6j*^ J^j Ifok ^ i^^^l 6lLcU --uic dli L^j- Lk dll. ^u 
^ a^l ._ij^ jJij.>aJJI ^b 4>^^' (.jI u' cf^ tr^ *^ ^->^' Jb^ *((^-a::^L^I i^ J>* 

^y ! ^ j>^Vi LI Jl Jx ^^ ^>i oLjbj (-At^ ^-) 4^* v:^^' ^' -^^J 



. \ \A .u>-^^ J^ ^ V^ .^\jx^\ d^ ^^ (^) 

. NY/N .^\y,u5al\ J^ olSoL (r) 

.ITl^^UIl (i) 

.0 ,J^UJ1 (0) 

«1V» 



J..^ jj-^V! ^V o^j» J>^j Y>^'j >Wb t*^b e-=^' ^Jj-=^j ^L^b <e J>^«-^'j 
ji ^ > d^ j^i 11^ j^j^^ii ^i o^ s^_^ ^^i ^u^^ 3^]^ „^^^^| ^^^ j^i 



/ jjjj-^UIlj 



. n *c*x-^t (v) 

c^\ loo* ^ ^^^ii^ <iV <*j^j^ ^LLVi ^ sj^u ^^ Vj . Uj^j ri-r £ l^vi ^aJ! j-^u 

((£A)) 



.J.Li^ ^ <GU (^>^) J^^Jt ^^^tx,j <JjhUJi ^^ Jj J}J\ ^U^ ;^ ^9^^ 6:. fvll^^ 
-^^J *^3-=JI jl ^1 jl wmAiK j»i-aij-a J^ j_fi^! ^-.L^lj-0 3-i*j oikl wJj^j A-fj^l O'j-^' ^^^ 
V^^b ^J^' J-*lj^ J^J <^l f>ii-ai ftO-i-o^U j] 6j_^u-ftLjL-o L^-Jc ^1 jljjl ^ ^j j^ iii^V 

v^ (^ ^^I' cjL^j ^^1 l i^- r^fl il <j>JLI &jL5_^i ^^ L^.,j>., ^ j ^^Iaj V lj_4j Jj:aJI ^t ^L^yij 

Ji^^ J^J « ' ., i7 > ^"1 1 Jjjii ^_jJbj « S jjaJ ' J^f Lo CajI L» :<Su\ J^ <U.i ft m.^ir ^(,^,^"1 miVIj ^jj^olj)! 
Ijjk (_^is*-o ijJLulj .K^LuaC oia-Luj)) J^Uit JjS <IjcL-uj jIc 4-fiL^iV f j1 vtiA^tiJ I j\ JjcUtl ^*L A-j-aj 

H^ "^^ ij^ ^h "•*•• '-^ v^ ^^J^^ f4^>^ Sljji J.J .^ it'^ ^ya ^.^M Li^ ^t£ ^^Ji^ tr^J ^^ 



.rv*<3UJ! (Y) 
(^juj -I til q I fl J , !n j ^T <,2jOj ( o 111 (^joj '■>'tll jt t *^l ^fi-js c*l a tUil 1. ■'* ^ jiUi r^ J t^^'" (Xj 



^ t-^j c^ .^T?^^' t^^ (^-^f iS^^ j-*iULl v^-^b cH:PJ' tJf^( j^j ^cr"^' jil^f -^ 

^>^J ve^J oU^=oL^j oU^j olj.^1 J^ <-«>kj <Lfcj> .Ji:jli^l ^ <ae>dl ^ ^>,.Mt 

Ja. J( .UxJf .V> ^,^^1 li^^ J:iU jAj Uj^j] jL^\ ^j \J^ LVI > ^^H^l jc^u^j 
(^ l^ SaUiuu^Vlj ,4_*^l 6jU( 6 JA wiilL^j v_ujJU(j jLuxiVI Lljj^^ <illl ^^ ^ 4>H^* 
^ti-jlj <1U ^ ^^1 ^:i(^ (_^ aj4 U ^ <Gf^)^ *(e^>ij <^j-^ U.^j ^i^l J^l ^.■..^" 

I.U;^VI j^lo tl^j-o5 3.LuJljJ(jijSuSL^j-sU( Ilk ^L^ :^La-1aVJ ^iloJI -Y 

V>*^^J fej^' u^->^' ^ a^ ' ^ - ^ ^ ^J^' i> ^.>=^ oUli SLaJI oVU^ ^^ ^ ^>yU^ 

J^l>allj ^,>u*^V!j Jftjl,>«yi J-x-ai5 ^^( 61a j-.-a3 ^_^ J^jOAU. ^ lo-^H J-cJU ^j| ^ j^ jil 



^j Ul^i 4JlUI j! JjVt Jj^\ <^L^ Jk^ >*^!>sJl ^ <e^UI Ulll -N :<]jljJu^ oUi ±>^ 

ijjoJI ^JLUi-V ,^^| jt^l l4^J3i^(^^jL&5.^J| Lj ^'^<I.aJlj <^^^^JIj ? ,t . < ., t .<:j(£ 
^j <dj^^\j <d=x^\ja^ Jij ij ^{jjlH Jj^^l ^ij3 o^l£ ^Ij ^al^l ^ ^.i^nnl Ci^LS ^1 
ixl^j aj=J c^-i'^ i^ l-ff C/-*^-^' (^' CjJ^j^ *>»'^ ii?'^^ a5e-i*^b SUJJI L^-ik juXcl ^t 

oUij j-4-d>lj^( ftjji oUJ ia^LLkl ^Js2j -cS^^^' oLi-«>ilLi ia^jLLj^Vf ^ L^jiia. ■.■■■■•^* 
(Aj^i^j v-il^VI a>ji ^jiiju jji ^.iiAJJI ^ dilj \^^J UjLui ^l Ljt^^j LilUJLI oL-ajH! 

O^ ^4^^=^* UL?^^ b*-^J '^i-^-^lj u^^^jsJii J^ L^Jr. ^jt^ilii^ b^^J l^jLsfc-i-flil ^jj^ ^ A-^u^kW 
JAJ (_> l^A^ J>^b ^'^ i ^ ^} '. A j UjjJ=>aj <Jlill <iJJI ^ ljj^ji\ >^*>^f pUcva.1 Jji... 
JuJJI v-j^l -ij-^^'J j-ajL? ^^' ^^' ^^ (^ ^' ^>*^' ^' C^H^ ^ iJ^J ^4a>( f^,^ll ^ 
SJ^I i_^ CiXjj <ajjjJI 4^^! ij^j ^J-*^' ^^^ A}yxA Jj-o ^j (^jjl ^jSil O'j^' a^IaL J3: 



((0N» 



io^j ,yi^l ^^^1 ^jU ^ JJil s,^J^| ^ ^^1 ^i^vi i^ ^^1 ^jJI JjM ^^yi 
'^-^J Jl^l .I^V ^.J^ J ^ .>-VI ^y j^ -,1 ^^.^i ^^ ,^^,'^ ^1^^ ^ 

Oe^i'l .L^lj .^jUil ^ fjL^j ,;^LJI ^i^id > jjc.U^I j^^^^l LJ ^a Jlai <^^ 
JUMif^Uc^ju^ :.lf_^ ^^1 ^j _^^^^ ^ ,'_^^^ j^^, ^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ 

^-1 ^5JJ( ^j j^VI t^l Ctf ^U=*i -oiJS-ill ^ ^1 ^^_ ^l <_^| i^^, i^] ^^ 









.'^'^\-\* 



,^i^v 



j-=*ji( j^#ljj ^^J Jj j j t n ft SLjiJ (iJLiJii^j jj-ujVI ^! jjLj Ij^L^ J^Tf-^' SLaJJ! j^j 

jt^j *6^^l Lc-Q LLi^ <Ufl J^ojt (_jl^ >H^' {^ aJS^J <<t,iuil5j^^:ijjt P- jjfl A ^ Ur 1j 6j i^itl Jjfcl aJcI 

. 3 -1 ^ j! J^ ^juLiS j^^jixj Vj ^j*JI A.^ (^ SjjJal! jjbijJoJi (2^ <4jLawa 
. *_*rfajll I jji ^^ j-=»^' ^_^Li^ iiilj^j *«j^j» (_y-A L*jl foUi-ui : jt '^ 1 ft! ^^( ij^\ *d JLLi 



.Jl^l^ ^^1^1^ STY/1 

. ir/^ S^^' ^J ^^ u^* JiH5 ^^-^ * ^M^' <^:Ai 
. N Y~N N ^UVI <A>j Y-y c^u^^l C^ui^i ^U^b "^ V^ .S,>*^1 Jb^ oUJ= (T) 



oliJUi u-Ue :,] ^ JkU .u. U1 .„>^ J^„ V „^^i5 ^^„ ji, „j,^ J^„ ^ji^ 
U.j .Jli jl <^^l li^ ^1 ^( Jl _j, ^ ^1 ii^, ^ ^^ l_^ ^ J^ ^^ ^j^^, ^. 

Ua£ j1 <ee^i ^ i;,u. <] ,,^ ,1, 3,-^, ^ 31^, ^| ^, ^|_^, ^ ^^, ^^ 
^,, :ju <:'^ ^1 V ^1 ^^ ,ii 3,^1 a^ ^ ^ ^^1 ^^1 ,^ 3tS^ <m;^^ ^_^^,^ 

■Jeiill jl JJjlUU JjSJI 

. i hj=j^\^jj.\j \ ^<)/^ fci^ij ,v^r/r .^usii ^ti. (^) 

. »v j=^i sLiij -rr ij^i ^jUi ji2j , NAr/Y .i>u ^]jii\ ^i^ (y) 

oUJu^ i> >*-^i y-i -iji li tks'i^ yi jiiiy . \ Y/N ..ijjL-iii a^^^ oUJ, (r) 

«0l)) 



jJ^I JjL*i a.jL^i ^1 ^\ ^ Sg^j4j J;^ V ...l:U JUU, :J^VI <lUl^cu. 

.liiUI Jii.1 j,lj <,,^ ^1 j^^ 

^ U UlL^I ^>11 ^i^l ^y^ ^ ^^1 ^_j^ ^^1 ^L^l ^ ^^^, ,^ ^ ^^^ 
'*:'^ o^ oij^ OeU^ j-i^l Jl^-I ^1 Oe'.oi > yJ-iitI »bj L ^j j^ .<Jc j^LS 






uJU >ijjj ^iij ^) ^1 4^ii ^,^1 j^i ^^^, 

^ ^jUi J^ ^ ^^ ^ <a( ^J^ ^^ U]^ ,,^,^ C^:£^)'» :JU «<b ojj-a)) :Jli 
Jlj .JiiJI ^ <I^ .c^:£^f» V! Ul JS. ^ «<L^^>, :JU J\ <^j ^j, .^ jU^) 

u- <um>- yrS f:u ,^^>i^^ .^ ,v/Y .su^i ^Uij ^ sij^i *L^) >ij (r) 
.>^^ 6ij^ ^ s^^^iMi <5LJij \irj Ylr-Yi^ .,^u>ij .ukii ^u^ jii, (r) 



/'*4^^) jba^i ..^xx^ «c^jli 

:<b>xi^ JU*Ja^jlI Jj^Uu^^!iC>&j^><j^^uu^ '^1 jSoli^Vf »^^^^^ J[l4aU3.. -1 

^^! ju»i^\j <-oii^ (^ >^*Aaii j^ .^^1 ^^ vrfj-iij o'j^ *i^t^ o^ ,^^i^ 

^U JJiL j^«Jl wLi Lij oi^» :J^ jL£j LLolllj O/oJI ^^-vi£ r^j^kJI ^^1^.1 ^ 



.vvjvijvo^vi/r^ioui (>) 

. i i/r ,y t^l -Oi>^^f v^^J ( JJ^) cA>^ ' *-><^U ^ ^j TV ^UiVI (Y) 

.T£r/r *yt3iit (r) 

. TV *Ceh»>*J^b CiSt?^' 

s jjijdi <iLJU TA 1 J Y . r J vv^ yrM^tU ta • ^ tit ^ t y v^ ,--^^ * i^ J^ (\) 

. Vr .<;j^t oUuijoJ! ^ 6^0 fd^J u^->^b -TTl-NYo ^^t ^^1 ^l3 ^ 

« *\)) 



' j_asj (j«_4*i y^LJiU L-a^i j^U I JAj JUSj dl j 

^r^ ^j:; jfi ^iJ .^^1 ^.515 ^ ^Ull ^^^^^ ,jtl^| 31^^, ^, ^, j^ ^(^^ 

ii,u)uu1 :d^ ^ j^ij ^:, jj^i^ ^L^i ^,,^^, ^^ ^^, ^ ^^, ^ 

<x. ^j] JL^Lj„ 1^ ^1 ,^| J, ^_^^, j^ ^^1 ^^^1 ^^^^^ „UjLJ\j^ji^\, 
L a;3 L., <:l^ ^ a ,i.^L^lj ^- L„ :^j^ J^l ^„ :^_^ _^, ju. ^t^_^ rr^^,^ 

..:u_i LiJu- ^^^1 3)^ ji ^ ^L«^j ^^1 ^^^ ^_^| ;^^^__^ ^1^1 ^. ^ 
»^jL^» ji <,^jL^„ ji ,.^^^„ ,j^L iL=^^ ,,^^^_, , . I ^,,_ ^^,^^ J^^^ J.,.. .til ^1^1^ 



^ • -/^ ..LjVI (.^.^j 1 \-r = c&i>^ij c&i>^i oiijLj r^ Ci^,j>=^i Lu-t^j tvyo 

. \ . Lu^j TA SjiUij Y j^lj , YV .j^UiVI (T) 

.Yij^,ij^=^i^jUi Ji^,Y^-^v^ ..i_>=u^i Jt,^oiJaL (i) 
.^ov^olJro^Jii^roY/Y.,^...^mlJ.YlY/Y.^Ml_4^J (») 

((0V» 



if^ ^1 ^ ;J13 V Uj :J15 S6j^ ^1 ^ ,^U ,j^ U L :Jlii ,,^ ^j .^UJI 
^ ^ .^LJI ^alj ^^ LI L c^ :jLH^ J.I JLii :JU -jjjL- »kjll VI . ..ur^,.].. 
JUi :,i^^ J.I ^^ JU ^ ^^jy^l JL3 .^^ ^j VI ^^.^ Vj ...^ ^j VI ^^3U^ ^ji 

. ji^v <:u jj^i .LiU '"^^1 ^t j\ L^ji -^vi ai^ a^ L oii j4 ^^ L c^l 

:<J cJii . UU JUi .^^1 ^,51^ ^ ,^ ^ ^i_^ l^ .^^ ,L.^j^ L. :JUi ...^0411 
oeb - V-^M' J:;li y^ Sj_^ <> ^JSiL ^Ij^'Gl JLii ?uLJll VI .^1 ,_^ :J^ UuS 
jlj>^ ^i^ Ui :JUi «J.^| VI vl>^l a-J» :-il:i. <l JLii ^uJ^eJeJ' JL5 Sljl ^\j ?lj$ 
VI j^VI J5L, ^„ :4J oiS <U ^j c-b LJi :j^j.3J| JU :.^^l Ija VI v^l>Ji ^L> .^^ 
« L4. J^lj <I|| i^Lk VI ^Vl JM- ^„ .<^ Ji^j V J.5LS la;» :JU ., l^ J^lj 4JJI L,ii 
^ <V .Jlii .oxi^ „ i^ ,_u»lb <1JI ^^ VI ^Vl ^iU ^„ :cJ5i1 ^^jjl JU ,_.,-■■; 
5Uj :Li.li ,j^l L^i ^ ...JU ...<i. L*^ U U3£i ;JU .^^ J^ > Vj ^ > li^ 
^ij .^^^.^ jJ ellj ^^ ^ lij4a.j aUUj .^J :JU ..duxil VI ...AJi ^„ :._iii. <tJ JLij .jj^ 
■uiU j^..^ j-^li JU ,j^^ jj j^ j^ ^^..^ ijitj ^L^^li ^jj^.^ i^^ ^^^^ JL3 _^^, ^, 

.''«^LiJI oSi <UIIj IJ4^ <j>:jUJI ^ :Jli ^ 4jj ^ 
j^\ ^\ jH^l ^ ij^^i oUlk^l :,l :L^ .L-i1 Jc SjiLlI 6l» > J ■-...•■ 
V^l ^itS 1^,*^ ai SUJI .V> Ob -^iii^ ^1^1 »^ju i--a.lj <i>^ . IJ o^j , L^ 
VI t^jU^ ^jV I ^ ^,, j(j^ yf^i J>i > c^ 5jJ»U j^K^I jla*-,V J^ Lui: I^UJj 
>> yv. <J -<UUi^V Lb :^ ^ o'j- ^L--VI lu^j ..(Oj, ^j VI ^^w: Vj ...^^j 
c^u^jljjlj ^j^\ ^ CNi>iiib 51^1 ^.-a: oUla. ^ a>-%«e 1^1^ (vjilj .»ljii-VI J. L^l 
U jc^^^^j w5Vb (.IS-VI oLSV .U.^1 ^I^VI > ^ a^ j^ ji ^^..s:^ j^ij 

jJ- iLUVI :>c ^ ^ l^^loi^u^lj jjl^lj ^^1 ^jiSj ^^1 ^ ^t5U,l <^^ j^ 0? 
^IjiiVlj ^aJLJIj Jak:Jlj ^L5JI J.,.*!^! ^^^ LI ^l> JjSlI ^1 ^^.^ li^j .j^^_^ ^| 

.lj£»ijJUII^^jjjj,ijj^|^t»jj^,4J«^^l_^l (\) 
0l>c^l ^IsJUJb •V'^-rA C«>AUb CWJ^ill olSoL jtijj ,£-N ,,U1«JI ^U* (Y) 



^Li^l j> jiuoiij j^l£ <a1 ^ <Gc ^jj Ua dOj j_^ Jjl ^j [4^ rjAjj <eeljif ji (^'j^' 0^^ 



iO 



Jjli 6J-A j_>,ax. j^l ^^' oJt^ ' ((JjVS Lfljl (^jl^ j»Jj» :JLai — <JiL-J ^^ ^^ Jj'-^ LwL$^ 



^J~ 



fV^— T* cju-u^>4-illj To— VA CiH>*^U Qoi),-Tfc.in ci^iftnilij T£— TY Cj^jj « ^^ ^t C!H>^^ 

.\l.pU*^i<jh3ij,T.-YA.;:ju^ijCa>^ (^) 

T-~Y^ (,;,g.j^Ai]tj Qu^iiJj) Ciliula^)]^^ (Y) 



Uj^j U jji. <j>=>-j pljl <JL^ ^^ ^-*j ^b^U ^''tj^sTVL <uL<ujbi jj-a jj^i L^tjjL^ 4aJJL <uLalAl 

J-e^^ |ij^ (_jl-i j!j <JLa. i J4J-4J «!ila-j J-a.:a-o IIa^b ^>5 ^_J-fl ^>*^t jf (X>J ^jt^ <^f : I4I0 
(LiiliJl «U)>^_jit ^LoA «J-uiIl VI ^.-jolaif c>^" ^M cf^^'^l"-^ l-^^?^ t5^ jjAJLJuil Ijf "cH:*!* 
.<ii_iiU Lo-uui aLl^ "^^J «uA^ *-"-» **-^^ C>* '■^*'''>J>> •;^'-*-* *^J^ L5^ «Ujuj)) »— flj^<-0 <Jjl* tj*^ ^U 

U^j \^jZl\ .^A^ L^ iiL^^U j>ill -^JisJ Vij S^lj ^iUl c^j L^^ljVi ^^-<uuuV ^ <i«JI 
^j^t ^ SjLJl « j-6» <t-^l,w'; ■>.! <^Ij] J>-*j .«vJl Ul Vw :JL* ^ ^Vl >-. . l o'it i Lx^iU JL5^ 
^^ Jj)j« j^^ LuLS «^jLL^^ Jjlj uii^ J>^ (5j'j» *H^J^ 3^*^ iSJ^^^' *^^-*^^'^* t* l^>*J 

.''tl^LsJl wij^^-a. ^ cjuutt-J *0*'»J«u'**-? JL ? .^ "> ^ <^'^ ^j -^ ,nt l j^ «dU^ jikil Lilkia 

^U. .p^IiaJI j^jJl ^Lo^ jj.n . A ^j <lJ1 v-aLiJI <ui 4_jCjj Lw wCA^-^i-^ (4J ^Ucl oitiA» 

^ »^>iJI jllf:l cJiii)> Jei-^f (> <^'^ «3licVI» j-^l (^ ^>i]l ^>aJI :>i^ AjliU! U-*^ > 

<^ijiiVi ^i^l J...QJ J.I1 \lx^j \juj^ U4J ULI <u«4ij <illU j>o^ ^^] ^UIaVj 



.TA .c^-M^b CW>^-^^ ol-M*^ . NAo J \'\>/Y ^LsU) :^ 6^01 >^ j YN , J^l (Y) 

" .o^o/^ 

.\, ^/r J INV/N J YAY J YN V^ ..^tllll ^^IjVl 604 j]ii3 (r) 

.AY/Y *J>iJI jU^j .£ cJ^>*Ali (1) 



VI,. :J15 Q^ 4:V ,« 1^^ Ulj Lj Ul Je-j Vl» :ji^ ^1 Jji ^j JJ^I Jji CjJ ^j Ji,j„ 
J' ''^j J JA5» Jl '« '>^ jl U3 <lU^I ^(» :JU <at^ ,i>j^^j <Jt^ ti^ *>^ >M «J^j 

cJ^UJi oLii > lui L Vi <^ /jc ^^ ^j .t^J^i uliio ^^1 ^:i4^ j^^iixuVi ^^^ j[£ 

J^'a^f» :^j3 jc Sjo^ U Ju« «<:]» :d]j o* <^J <i^L^ jL ^1^1 jc LfilU^ U pU 
^j j^ jjM j^\ j\£j j^L M^ l^A.^0^ Uoju,.^^.^!. ^t.A1.„i j>^ Lrot*Jjj«dal^ 

. « jJJ^ ^>X4\j aJc ii LaJ Ijilj 

o^ /'^i^-i^l <i^U ^ -i»\ AT <ix^\^^l ^^ 



JnlJY^r^TorJtYo^r^vAJT^^JT^rJn^^r^vv^L^i.^iii^ (y) 

.Yo/N ,J^^»^| J^^liO. (0) 



^>--^' v:^>*^b C^>^> > 6jj-^Lt-^ W^LIL ^j L^_xi jju^^ j_5Li ,L.c^l o^ J^l 

Uij L^b j^l .^ jl^ oij . c^^l ^ Jj ^j^j . L..^ ^3j3 ijj^j^UIl JUj 
I jji cULLli j^ <i>^:^^ ^*-^i-L*i Jl^j 'oA^ J*-^ (JJaJf ^ ^ <ijj uiJI j^ LU^ v^l A. J y... 

j£. jJ-*-=. jJ J^jil Jla Ji3^ ^1 v-*:^ :JLfl b\^ La (^]jJ<^ jl^ Lalfl (<jLI^ ^j-Ll^ ?<K 

<aJI JU .«<ill <ljjj ;^JL)f i>» *v^ C>^ <llij ^1 :^jj JUi <f<ill bj^Aij ^^j.rt'n J^» :JiSi 

,<ij| Aljjj :^1 «<JJf 6j^^ jj Jjj J^ 0*^ 4>» :Je^J > 

<ui LJ iiljH j^jil ^^^L <uk j^ oUilij w-ujjlIIj jjljilL *LiiLlc ^Jc JjH ^j «jj.i>..tf^.tl jjl^l 

^_yiU» jy^^ J>ljil VJ^' ,^.>i^ J-A^)) ^CiV ^l^VI 3-i^ jila <lo ^^^nunll ^^'iMMiU 



.vvi ^sUiJ! sui ,>^ sij^uUii (r) 



f jj 'Xi-^ ^^i J^ >»j «Jj^l 's.j L» :Jji:y» :JU «Gc <Ljj^^ JS: yj US ULI Aj^-.-. 

.u,. ji.^5ij.L i^iiii „u„ ^ ,^1^1 jiji ^j /')^| 1^,,^^^^ 4,, _^^ ^^, ^.^^_ 

:>-» :<lji ^ 4:1 ^j. (^3i „?tl-, oil :^„ ^^1 J^i^j ^j„ :4^,3^^ J^ ^ .U L <£.j 



.r.^A>^l:iilfJ^■^<>«:^ilJ'V•rv/Y.^ti^l^ (\) 

- VAo/Y .otiill (r) 

>.^l jijU^J..x_iilj.90V-o£Vy_jl_iJ|^^l^ii:^,Yr,u;j^,_^| (i) 

.YW^jJI 

<l>^i>'fl^Vl4;il.^iji,JL1^1^_,Jily.rY£ j-\Y--\\/\ v; fil l ^^ ^Jii, (•) 

.ui/i Jr^AJrr^/r Jrov^ J i- • J TYv/Y .^tsji'u-uii v>Ai« 

Y^Y/^Jt^^/Y.^^;SJl (^j 



6^^j JV^>, :JL% Vj . Ll yj4« J «>A ^^» J «oi1 V>i» JLX^ ^j^l ^^iL^j ^^1 ^LiU! 

<u^^- J^l oiUuj» ^'^i-^e^ J>S ^^ pL^ Lo eUj ^ ^jlj . Iff j-^ {^^>o ^ jj ^.Ailj 

<Liij « I^Ll jj_^1 J^UU,, :JU <:(< i jU^^f ^^^ ...n^lVl La!j .^jLU ^ <Li1 LuLji 

■<I>S ^ \jj-CLjJi\ LaI j.A-L-al <gUj ««u dLutt^)) ;JL5 ^jU .tju^ *gI£ « (j^Li <j dx.L*i^» -.^jIjl^ 

JlLu^ ^ ^^IjIiVI ^ ^-^"in l <J>a^f <Ul^( ^ ^^La1)j J^/GJIj J^ilxlll AjA"ir.tl Lo$j 

j^^ Jljlf ^ ^^^^lill ^j rn fij j .6jj(j CijL^ al 63-«i4il wio^ (*,^.^j-i» Jj^j^ c>*H3t? ^b -Jz^^' 



i^LiL^lj ^jjj JjXl^l c^VsaJ^^ »>*^I t^-iJI £4^' ■M=^J <-^VIj Jj^VI j^jj 
j;ji=UI JxAi liA Aju JJ^ oLSj ' ^Ji-^J d-'^J^k dj^'j uJ^'^b ^^J di^-3 ^^-3 

.^ij ^It C^ ^Ij SjUJI \^j^ <^ <li^ L- J^ > i^l Jl -i.^^1 'uU-^'j 'M" 
^j<j £v-ir ^ii^iUij u-j-iii ^i^j ^^-^^ c^j^b ^^-^ • '<:«>-^' wHi>-^' 



<A0) 



.^jjJl ^:i^ <i^]jj ix^j «iki^ 6^ ^ <uiiL *u]i j.^ ^ L« j^i La Jj:jj iju^j J^ulLcuII 

i^ix. pUkJij ^l^lj c^j^ij . 1^1 ju J^AJl <L.^ J^j3 .^i^>^( Jjl^ IS 4ai ^LUI 
^>^ f^ *^f cf^**-** i->^ J tf^Uj^i» j«^xi:Jf))^^^i^i^jII j^^«jlaIj-JJ))) wiLl^j j^54.All u^jtlt.) 

.JLlllj ^-*Alt( <ii.jj <j ^jjjj jis^l j^^Ia^ 

jj^ jL^ Uilj Ljull ^_^ <i^iLa.j J I >^ ft j ^j i<n.t \ , jj t Lo Alftn,], <iiii^j -Lfk. ^iijjiij .s ij-^ -^^ bSJti 

LiLkillj^^LJaJI yrj -> ,rCi ^ ^lLJ J-^I <LfLaj CjU ^ Lu^j^-wiJI ^ ^ ^1 <Ulj « *Ua j-^a^ L 
Vj <Uja ^_^ JLa^lj ^-^-oH' <l2wj-a 0«jjj ^>*]i j-aJjl LuuljJ J;il=J! JJ j_j-lc Cx^ oii (JljiVI 



.Ujju Uj vv/^ ^jii j^jj (Oi j*\o^ 0^ ,^^^^j jj^ (t) 



L*j L^Lflu-tfsj ^jj^[ ^jLjfc^^ <_ijj.,^^i I rt J , ,t Vj <iJjAl! LpL-uljOa ciillj ^ a ^ .^l lj j^'.H < 

k>* ^^-^ i^* Laj J-^A > ^j ft -^ '^ j g [jIjIj ui^jij <iLa tj ^Lc J Ij J IXi Ij J^tU Ij wJS j^ L^ OJ ^j 

jl^ij *L4ij.*^tj oUlj^l (^ t^^* ^'^' •^^f J^J **4^1 ^fj^' <^LJ ^H Loil . jj": ^ ^ t i^ 

j^ Ij ^ M ill I g'^J^^jl t^^ wpJ-sw j5 JjL^ ^JS ' *i f ^ t ^>-iC. (^ p Ijt <m1 1 *tleik.j Laj jLifciV I J-lc l^-aS 
Jji=J ' '^ ' J^ tj^ ' ^J-^ ^J <6 LaJi ij CAi>A^ U <^ LjjV \j f. IjH I J^LlZ /^(j'tl rti <t"v,Ql.-a tJi-^^-* 'j^'-^ Cj^-^ ' 

Jl>Si ^^ aUj ^oJI jjliil ^t v-iLllil ^1^1 f^^^ 45j-^' jj-a-xjl ^j_5^ UUj-^j] <dJJ J$ ^ 
IjjjIIj Jiillj <j J^jjLaitj Jr-Uilj ^jjJIj ;: I.J %.A i uV Ij ^JiaJlj <ull aluillj j'n.iU Jlo <JijLu-4 ^^-i 

aJj * L^l I-9J P Lc jJ Ij .^t-^^'i ij ^^^^ Ij j_oV Ij aI o ^'ir itV Ij *j^ fj j-aJ tj ^_j.wail (j «Ji^ !j j-±^ Ij 
^^ 6 J \\ 1 1 /y"- >-*"^ ' j-^'i^—i-^ MJ • lA^L-a-juul ^j_^::i.LiU I ^-^J *< mI 9 ^-t-olj-o 3 i L^-lo «Uc l^ .- ■ ^ 
«L-!L.a-*jy j^ Jj I v^jJ*-I I A^^ ^jJc LaLIj 4n>,iij^ |j Jj-*^ I ^j-a *L^j_tiii A t t rij Lo tj-<x£ I LaJ Ij pi -^ lUt^U 
^j^i^ J[j_4-oVl Cj^jJJ^slIj OjAju-uIj Cj^x-uoj^ 6JbiJi^j *Lkjj < Ti *^j ^ < mI-% ft ^^ <_i5 *i*::^Luj <Uaj jjj 
^[ Jji^VI j-oju la^lj t^jjJI ^:^ JjJLil jj!1^1 J^Lu^I ^ ^^iA\ (^L^fj JjjtlJij JJjuJl£ 
^jjSj Lcuo ' ^ Ala,ii,o ^A (c-^J ^„ 4,^"v^„^ aJ -k I L4-1A v_^,n -^ I jj& 1 jJb J^ jj-o jJU Li Cj^i-ilxjJ I j t LA jA-j-^aj 
LclA jjjl Uij_t-fij <Lulj£.l jJiljJa ^jx L^-Lii Jjj Llj O'jUJuJ <j^,i,i^l 07>f,*./fii!S Ij . L^l A-iijJI <jj V u <i 
^^^j-ill! ^_plxli i() jr.riiMj ^^1 J-al^^l j-iJ-iiJ J>Ai! j^l ^Jj ^p^LjlII ^2>J JLh*^ (^' ^^.j'ti jlc ^^iS 
rc-oLJjJi Jjl y\\\\ tjJti <aj -\'ill *L*-aljjiJ jj5<^ CiLijj-aJlj iaLuVi 6dA tj^ ^^ ^J^J '**-*-* /^ 7 ' unj 
n-^la (-i jJb IjJeJ I jj^i Jj-<w J-U jJ Li I JJb rc_t-<ajj (tSIj (J I — a-j_S 2 Ij ^1 A'l 1 1 <Jj*,j-^ 6 jlc A-L ^^ I 

ia^iji jLa ^j-*]) J>C ^ j . A„.„n , U oljljJtilj ou^l^l J jK'i ^^ JLs^' j-ucii J^ Jjl (jL£ 
jLa <LJi ACJi «-Uj I ^ >Mt )ij» *-jjjJI JjS J)C <Gfc <LiJI <La:^j JjKIl cJUijjj)) :<LjjjJ( n JLS « 1 n^^i itV» 
Lo >lLx>> ;<lji£j « ju3 L* f" J)> :A^j-a^ « Ja^ t nj t>tVj» :Jl-Sj -j-ii « Lo)) j « Jjj Jj-* Xi>* :dij-i 
.((Jjuo)) ^^ «t_jj)) (J.*^ LoS «V>> <-Ai C^ianC ^ jJaS <(^JLx)) <i^]^lAj A-Juajil I jji ^_fl h^^^jl^o -i ((<Li-«aj_au 
cJLiujj') *Uj; ^ Ml JLS «wiiblj tiljl lia-h) <^jjJI Jj-fii <<ljK"t illla ^j (< Jjj Jl-o wJj« '^^J^ ^Aj 



. YAV^ u^loUlj . Yl ,S^! Ij^ ( Y) 



J£ ^aI^I ,«uk ^_yj Lii I J jJiiiL ^Uji^lj^^t^j JjJa^j J^ilaJ c^*-=*^f Oe^ cr^ ''L.4.t^j^ 

ub • j^^ >M J-«^' ^:^ ^ *4^' ^LaIIj wiLAil caj AJ^yi « U» -» J.^ali j!j .S jSI^ p^^ 
^ La£ cOj ^ <]^a Lcji^ Ujaj (^JJI ^Vl ^jl^j IflLa jj-uA vJJa^ ^>^>6 ^^Ci « Lo.j 
JJ>?-^ Ujaj Ljj L^^ ^^ 14-a^ L^j «J1*» ^^j-Iaa^ «t.5-^" ob «<-A?-*:? *-* :i^w ^t^Lju «lIjS 

({ jl» ^1^ L^ 'SjJii^ Lal^i <AJQ1I SjUxil <LLj j^ ^^Jt^" ih^i j^I « itn"tt.rij .« Lo)) jj^j ^c^i 

t at ,., , A lt j) lj^\ Ou^^ J-a J^LjJi f^ t^lj Uj^.*^ cr^H* J-*-*^' Ljiaj <Lii j-^i^ La <laj 

«4il! jjx <4>L( j,lS!)j ijjill J) dO (^^>ii-J <G( VI *« Jfj dLL\ jl^)i :ciii c^a. ^j-ualllj ^Jl « jL^)> 
J » < - ^^^ La^ J;^>^j^' ^4:^^ j-o-Jsj Vj ^JljtiVI ^jo-oj ^j-i-^ V L^aV ((idt^i <IJ( Joe .yS» :JiJjJj 

(Jjt_fi « jL^J>-fl J-a(j_*Jt ^\ <*jiaj fjjb J;^ r r .A'ilj tit JljuflU O-uu-Jj LaJJU I ft j ^ JLt^Vl ^i^xaj 






dUAJ Ja-aJI ^jls. Jj-a^a^ jjfc Lsatj J-ajJ! IIa ^ ^_j-L'-^l .jf^ J^Lc j_^4-fl Jjla]! <i3J-!u ^j^a. «^i» 

<dLa£.l jjfej JjsLJl JaIaj Sj^ a ale O^^^^iij .*Ui jLqj-oV I Vj &^>i^ f:?-^ *4* re-<-eu aJj <Qc. *.il lO 
«A^I» 6JJ^ ^jV « J (} itihi l^_j^ 4JLaLc ,>:i^ «tjl» J wyJbljl <il <illj)) :<i>i <ljla^ ii^^[WA, «Gl J^ .%1» 

<Ulj» :oiS dli L^ « jj3 Ja j-^ tUlj^ j-^l)> :J[>5:itiLI ^JJ1 VI <*.IjJLVI ^ Vt tjul J-^h V 

VI llib ji>^ V «<llla^)> ^jl U^ <Sj^ iri^n VI j^ ^ II4-A «js.^!» oj^J fjLfl «a^I)) <U-fl oJa-j! 

J^ ,3^ *j^^ J^ ((^jJif ji dljU Jf^lw :JJiJI Jllj ...P IjoaVI ^^ Vf ij^^ V «JL^I» 6*1^ 

jkjI)) j^ IjjI JJkjj V <(|j.^!)) *ji ^IjJ! j^ j-*^' VI j_aj J «jlUU <Ulj *yjfelj «g1 j-f^h) 

.« A^UL Sljlw V| Jij^ Vj < I-^JjS L* ^jJc <Jjrt-\^ «0'" 

J n Lusk-j-o)) A^Jj-S tiU3 tI>*J** :<-ijij.v,Mi J[>S (-i IjXLa J^oJU 6 Jot IjJhUa iJ-aLxI I J-aJJ LaSj 

CiJjj ^\j (A \\ ir\\ I II ^3-a-o (^^UC CajI :^) « ^jjj IJa^)il 1 OA . t^ l)) :^^l (((_^Uoj-aJl» iOtlAjft I () m JJ-cu 

jl ^^l^ j^l lx*^L5 ^^l^j *^U l-^j-3 «(_^LLa;ilU <x,jij 3"-fc"i Mil ^» fj\ «(jiiUa^l}> :c:Ji * ( ^^ .. ■ 

. ^\<^LaJLlj-ul ^J^ J,t^l )^j-=iJ (O-L-walj dUj O^jjl I^^^l «^1j L-=k,j-ay toili lj_o1 Qlk 

Vl)> ;JLi <Gl^ «viUj J-a i^>j-^ :ilf-i» :Je'^' Jj-* ^3^ *^J 'lt^-^' l^ a*^ ^'^^ f^>^ 

.^jlxLL jjumsuI I ^L j-o !*1a ^ixj J t C^^j « ^ lj:i^ <iJ ' A 13^^ ^^^ (J-H5j-^ 



. M A/r ^lalJlj 1 X <oj,.<::.iiil ( Y) 
.a3j^)djJla^Y*VV-r^o jY^o-TA. >l*5*Y\o/N <u.ti^l (t) 

.j^ u^j vv-v. ^ n\ J •\v\o/Y jiijj <T.A/Y *^i:;£ii (i) 



Li^ Ja_Aii Oj^i-A^j -i^b »-*j~^ <^>i-*:* LUju^ «wfllUI» J « L»)) ^] jlC^Jw Kdli ">I1 i.r><i ^j1aJAj\» 
-J lj„j_to-u ^ t S J.«-~al) <b ' J \ < ^'u ^ jxj Jj-a-i «dLj] ^jijtin ^^^jjil I j <« Lajj» JjU-lii Oj-»— <-o 

^ <jjj cOj ^-^jj (jajJ^ Likj^j (i< o() jU «. i.o iiiVi j^ 41l5 J-& La ^^^ '**t { wajjjL-&i] j^*-^ <GV 

.,..u^\j Jjit j^jij) :JLi <Gl^ jAil) ^^jJr. <-u-oaj LajJaJuj ULZi <ix3U (CaaL. j5 Lo tiilj J-o ij-ok. 

Ji <iil <-a^j JJaJt ^^)} jJ^il ^>i-fi-o i^LllL ^j^iLaJ) ^JxJi C^-^^^ ''urr'^ i^ '^J^ (^^Lilil <uk 
^1X1 « L^L ij nr;) .. i ^ j\ a-^1 ij-Jjt j5 a^( J-ii J>a «^^JC ^ ajj Lw l-tJjj wjji! ^Lcidla L» :^^^ 

lj.L=Jj ^31 Jj_S 1 g 1 If, ^L^ ^_^! ^JLa. ^^jJx. ^u-aVI i^jli Kel^ij) IjiJi LJi tLxjl^.o ^^w^VI jAl 

: ^ Lu^il f <ij Lll I J LSj « ;^ 14] 1 

Aj^ ^-Jt^,^-^" ((<Lai«ijsS» ^_-fi «<:L^I » <UjjJuU ^^Ljjf /jl^J < 1 J:^'^ La-i-ul U(^Ji AJJ AJJ L))) j' .f*) g 

jjj .JLixSj 77 t A'l /j-a <G^::iJj <Jjj.^lj <G-ujj_3fj ^J-s^-Jj' '^-^ ' J^ *^* 0-L-<aj La ^J-* 7t < Al,,! AjSjj jJLa 



{(V • » 



: IXi^j jLSi La^ J^ dti j dJjj 'Sj^l J^ wii-ajjj SjIj ^I oUI >r^ e, Jj^JI (Sjlj ^>^'i cf^ 
J^ ^ rttn «G| J-ilaJt LjJji.j ...((JU J^ JU fiA)) J «^^jLfl Jj( j_^jU Ijjb)) jWiii-La jjjL Jja.j tjjbf) 

jt^U-A j1 ^jU(» J:^ Jfc^jJ fiUoai Ai^iA j^ Jfl^ Jij 

g^ j ., ft . T < , i , U Jji>^ -i5j tj t f7 < t l j^ Icj n Mf pUk Laj A^:^) J^jj J-ilaJLfl *(J^) ^ ^-^ < i 1*-^ ^ 

<*Lilc <Ciijt U ^_j-L <2^jj t-i,^f <lJj£. dllj J^ ^'(c^ J^ -J-ii^^ Jti» :Jli (**J£. <'jj**--- 4Jaj La* ^illj 

^j^ JLLa (^J ,>tH-*=^ ^^li:^ «j'y » (j^^ «>Jli)> yjjli «A^» IjJU AjJj-Af LL i lj_A ^>-o! Lai^ di 

((^)) IjJLi !>tj^ J jlj *^j-«-I' ci(j > < M L&£ <^( rt mjVL a (I \ Ml a Ij-^ 'i'l < n tfi Ijli ...<j i(f t^ I, t\ jV i 



.\.A/Y,^l:^l 


0) 


.^AiVitl :jjlj«II 


{^) 


V^J^^•/^'yl^l 


r) 


.m-rro/r .^..iiiSJi 


(9 


.rr-\ /r .c^i^sii 


(°) 



«VN: 



. (iJi^IaJj !sf Cjs^Uh Ijl l(j Nl» :JU <jL^ odixlf) :(_^l « llfc*Xi La] ^j;JLXu 
J >l •%! t jlc 6 jJb UaJ 1 & JJ& .,1 -N '1 J f^^iLsJ I J^ J>-<^-^ (^ 'j w>^J:^ '^ i . 'i ^ <LlLa I lli i J ^^ I ^j-Ci I jJi-fi 2 i 

Jj^ij Lj IjKlj wjIjjVL <uI r^'\ ^\ IjjaU^ <Xaj .^^-*-o JLLi <Lj JLi jij Jjj ^ Llaj ^j-aJ' j3^ -ijj 
Ci^^>^ AJ "(j^^^ '^'* <I>* ^-*^J-* ^' «^_^ua])) :^^ <]^ *^^j ' l-4J-« 4JLL0I jSj >?^>* ^^ Jd^^ V:P->^ 

J^^-^i ^ i^jUJ! ^Uiilj J^i*JU J^' J^^i' > f->^ > f^> ^J f^f H^J U-M^L 



.4ijHI <^jjjij <Sjj^) 4>a fjJ^J *C5^'^' *^^^^^ il>^ 

«VT» 



(J-JLkJI <J pL:^ Laj CjJjt^A L* Ijl \\\iu JJij 2 SjjJ:^ j-Aljiaj Ji^jSj (^^rjaAll /yu^ J-^^'J f'^^g-tuaU 
<Li_S Oe Ls^ Li-6 j^J-Jj < n \\ I *b jff") -^j ^ ^^ ! jt >ttl 1 <J ljij3 ?< l M .. O i,. f 111 I ^ A(j 1 mjj <t 7^ j"^< dJ J ijiAj 



(Vr,, 



\ 



<la.Lilj^^l J^ a^ 4:ij^^j <UiLLuj I^^^aUSI ikfU^j Jo^^^ (jjt^lj^Ulllj <^L^^( 
.^u^Uiiij <JjH^j «Ltl^) cl-i^j <iL£j oi^j >^) .Lu ^Lc3 ^ J^^t j^jjl j^.^ .^U-Jl 

6j1jL« ^jl£ jt jAj Jjl^f (^Jj ^_^ <^t^l l^j^*^ oJii^lj <<l»t^ UjLu^ J^\ ^ juiVI 



«V0] 



J^J >"J j*^ i^ ^j o^ *<ii fiA Ij-A^ Vi^^:/! oUilf ^ >bl^l L^UI l ^jl^ 

IjlXUl w^j^l jj^J,) c^L£ Jjj ^'^(1^) -^jlll Jj^J\ <L^ ^^ ( g -v .n^t ^jj 

^! oUilf uit (> ijuf^ *-« j-Aia.U ^»^^::ii£ ^^i-^^b f^Ui i>uj^f ^jbua,fj ^»^^ 

CA^uLklt ,.,>i^J <iL:^ ^;AjUJ J^la ^ a«ib f^J L>*^ f^J U^ t^-iJ^* C5J^* ct^ Jfi- 

(^ iie-^j 6:*^ fe-^^ c^ Jj^' o^t^l oliukll jUJ:.U I^aJ^.) ^ ^>XiU! Ll .^jo-aHltj 
>^1 0^1^ L^_ik I^Ijj U>c^j LfU ij^lj l^-ik Ij^-aUcI ^I ^^fi j.ifli /j^j,4^,JI 



^ J^ . N v^ "^^ <^o^j JjpL_.iJ!j ^>*-^!j ^i^sJi^b i. (r^v-r ^v-l) <^ *a.«^j: 

«V1» 



^ Ij-wjLii ^JuikaJ( ^Ll^l ^ jjj Lax. ^Ijil ^-ftij-« *tjl*:ljij fl;SUi il>(jiJl J-e f>H5 -"^ 

jJbLa^j^^^^l 1 ^ f i ififl La^ SJluii ^^ A I <jpljji CijL^ SjLxit ^^jLil <^i-fc:>j j1 6<;I^ 
^ij^ ilUL LoL^i I jj> jLS jjj <p Ij-Sll IjLka. ^ Jji ^1 J^ (:r^jlii J j y^ *"i t 
i^j^ 6jjlj Ujaj L«tj ,<u ^^JJ5 ty^' * <;it-^\* J:**^J jj nt4'^\ Lot -idl irijfli Jc SjLiJI 

6JJLJ (j^^La. ji bjjx^lc J^Jlf SLsijJ! j(H-%4 ^Ij^i J-sjJl ^Jl ^jx^l j^oJI ;: l^t ftj-Xal* <U-»Lij 

j^^ Ijoiil (jjjJI .^^^/^Ij jjJllj^jjlII j^^liijl oUlj^l ^ ,yxU\j^\jJl\ <IkiJ^^ 

a^l ij^jjj^ ^1 IjilSl j;,jLxi3^ JjljVi SL^I wu^ j^ JjhJ ^ii 4^>^' ^tiJj^L ^LaJla.^1 Loi 

^1 ^jL^ Ji^i t *t-oj t^'t ^J 6 jj 1\ r\ pi -^ <n<ll i_>^^i f^^^J *^^ <»)Li^ _ja Jij)^^ <!« uJjL^ L&a I (] j If 

f«Ljc Jj^ <ui£. jcl^lj ^KijiVi f-lli ^ dlU J>jl <iJL« iu-Vj JjLa. ^I pL^ ji^ (CA^t^l »l-^'tN 4JUMI 
^^^oiA Jc jjtt'tt l Ol ?'»J^''" ' J Xj VJ^ J:?^ "^^-JJ f-laxa jlj t^J^li fjjj djJdaJl JU J^l liA Jkj 



<(VV» 



(M . • I . I * 

^La-i.JI ^^"-^t tjli fj_>uLI]{ ^j^jlj Ja^VI j^U-xJI oJ-^ 'j^^ f4^' iiUJj,^>uLilllj j^Lx^! 

VI .^jIc IjJt J^ iflj <L^V! ,ji!j^j ;j^' ^ f-'?-^ «»->=»^J ^jla^ J:J-i^ J^/lUIj jjM i r^l l 

<^j-^lj <-jjl^yi j^*>^' j^ oLt>uo>LI ftlA jjjj JJxl c^^^s C>A M>*^b 14-Ai^i t^^fcj 



((VA)) 



Jli j) ^o^j „•"> ^:£ ^ ^j^ ^ o^ >» JUi; OlSj --<^j*ik ^^ ol^ (5^1 c--iJI 
o-^ <i^ oii.1 jij VI y^l^^l > 4*1 ^ „^j <Jc <J1I ^^ dll J^j JLS„ Lj. aL^ 

j^i ^j . Ui ^ ^^;;^ V Lk ^Lu.A.^^^ jiii .oi:^i„ „^„ ^i .o^j c^ i^^* 

o^j .4. ,,^li.bJJiJI <il* J.3J oU Uli ^^ j^j Jli Ui ^1 ^ ^ ^^^^ ^ y^l 

J^ d^ C^^ihJ^ Uj <^ ,:i,Ai:L Up^ l^is Ulj ,Lii <^ ^:^ L« oyji ^1 -^j.-'j 

. 14^ ^I <i^ UU. U.j^ Uljl. (.>IS1I ^ aj: ^ ^1^ ^^lij^ . 1^.,^^, J L4^^ 
j^Uslj ^Ijij t^,>^l ,^1 JU._^ l^ it>^>« ol^ (S^i <i^ J'L^ ypi Iaa JS j^^ 
4 jj, <^j; ^jjl jj^l ^>4j ^l^vi |Ji*^ ^^ sjjL S_^LU <b,j^ <j,r.A ,7. oil£j c^iUilj 



<u>i^ >iy ^v-^o ,^^1 j^j TA .uvi L»jy vi-vr c&s>iiJij cjsi>=^i ^u^ vv 

.0 (j,aikl U-. jjJS Ujjtj <jbSj 4jUai. <jjj^^ 

«v^» 



'T*^* Cy (S^ Cj^ A'^'"':? ^ ^i-^ ^ J * ^j VI ^_^ <u*ajji*jj jijill <liftJLj Lillc.1 dij-rj (oLitSlili 
Jxl U£ liJll jjjjjjj ^U.^ ^u)^l ^i 4^jjA ^ Jj: IjLi^l ^1^1 ^ ^ii ^ 

^x_L-ajj o'jLi^ J^ LAj-j-Cj («/jVj-Sj C^J-^ C?>J^J Cjt o mD ) ^ «J[>Aj ^^J^ ^] <] JLii GjljX.1 
V j^Jjl <ula£ y LiLL^ -ANA* <1l^ i^^ ^^^la. ^J-^' -^J^ ^^ J^J ((UL^Jui jjLC. J^ d^ ir ■■■J 

^ IJU <<J ^i ^-*^j j^ jlij J! ^ *LiiI( '}"Kr1jifl (*CLj-ojb1j <xLujjlj <ij^(uij tij^^^c ^jA a1 ^^ 
iJ 'H'sn jjf A „ .\j A i " j 4j.*-aU^ *jSij Lo 4^>*^ *^':^^ ^_^Ja.I ^^Jc ^^jAj aJ <Ujn<»t j^' ^ fA-uuVI ia^j 

LA-fJuiia wjL^LS <Uj-JL^.fc<j ^jIjS j_jjLLI ^Lojx. Li <ijuOjj ^ '^J^ il>l (c*^ (jU.! i^j^ 11jl.i.Tj ^ui.a.^ 

^■JJ J J >rlt <G] ;JJuL]' C.?U Ltljlj (Al^^4lal A-4 <&Lajl ^c^i^ <-A-0 <^ LuuiLiJJ I J <-JjC- S#i I J-Si I ^ Lcj^J 

. jlliaj LjLSi L£ 4jL:il <Gl <jLi:;j} a^ <^Ui„l <jwaji Jmi-vII ^1 ^^ tljii / «uk Lltit lj|>^^n^; 



To ./T iSljJi bUiij <l^ ;;;^u_^iii!j ^^^uj^aJJI oUJaj ^*^ t^jjAJJI ^^j^ (^) 

AV..UhflUji (t) 

((A * » 



:Jt_a iL=^LJI ^jju:. *^ljjtyb^>^' ij^ f^^-^ ^-^^^l 6j.ii^ 6jja-ij ^b ^^Ul ^ij /'^Jjj 
:jllLiw />^l JU .<Uo ^^! v-aii.j llj^^_^o^dj!il U dllj :JLii .*tj^l cjlj-i-* ^ *Lli^P-^l oij 

^\j i^a^LsJij ^IjJJIj^l x . ^i Li u-»Ll^U j^a^l fiLiicj Oyii-ILI a^Hc *JL^ ^_^ llioJ <->lj^f 

(<d ^^ltji3 wjIjUL |a-^Lȣ- ^ ^l^i 'CM^lj*'jJL^b*'^'^^U*^-=^' *>^ 0-* Ljuaa^ oLt^ll 
ij t^/uj-a^l Joe LoJc n-»_u*aij «j-ahall ji>3» :^_^-4-i^ <jl :^! ^.jj&Jj Jx?^^ c>^' < ^^t ,* (j itt 

t.r^ tl>f b (^3^-^ <-ij "^ M <_4lS C-^i^J <<iA ij n'l in o s^LllLfl ^Jc lyy ^ <-it^(j <iJ^l <n <■> a In n ft 






/ylj ^^yiks^il ^yMAjl ^l if'jJ^A. ^-fl ^LS ^jl SxA S^\ L^-i-St dutj ^Jsk «* «Ji< * ■ '■ ^l *GjLixU Lai 



.<J jik~**jJ (j-o jkiaAjs^ < VI ^ VT t^^^iil!^ i^^^jjU^^a^JJi y-tlatUj « i ^ja^j^t^aAii 

.Nrr/r .^uvioUj (y) 
<(AN)> 



<,i .«gUj jlx* >kVi «ui^ aiij <Jei^i <ti^ sL^ ^ <-^ -i5i <i» j^ ^/^ o^^j ^' 



^ ^L^ ^ ^41^ v> *>>i^ c^ ^ *t^-^ ^^ ^-^ <^ ^'^ >^ *^L:iH ^ ^> 
Lu^i ^> ^ 4:1 4^ ^i:ii ^^.J^ ^^ij .^>^i v^i v^i^^ ^^ ^ ^' ^j^b 

P>J1 pU^ 4.Li£ ^j ^UuVI toA ^j .4^j^l oLuljoIb ^j^lj^H-^i ^ '^^ 53jM' 
Uju*. c^U.j .<JII-^I j-^all oU>^j^ LL.Li. ^^QH .>=JI Jjb j^^ ^*-^ > Jj"^' 
^^.■.<-l l ^j_a^^ ^j^.r.-Jlj .^.-^1 v'jmI cfAi <e^>-=*J ^>=^ ^*J^ ^^"^ ^ yr^ oUj-ij- 



.v\ c^^^^ij >ro J XV c^>iUb C2hJ>^' ^^^^^ ^^ ^ "^^ <:^;:i>-^* ^*>- -^^^ (^) 



<<jji^l <^Ji*]) ?jflk\U jj^! J^ j-x^ La^^^ Ux. Ij->..'».i jijo^l ^xu^j:^ ^1 ^iloVl ^^ 

-wi^^tj ^>-L-sJlj j-'-ullij j|tliil *UjjI ^j i^llJi Jlj^tj (^>sj!j .-Liu^ij j^ij ^jll Oujl ^j 
^U-L^V <xjL^l JUiVlj tA^<LalJli i^LjjuiVi ^yij ^I^VI oLMc <l^si ^ji\ ^^\ ^Lail ^^/jj 
v™^b t^w>^b V"^=^* Ob -"LJL^-^b '^yi^^^b ^>^' ^j^^ ^W U-^'j^ c^ tr^' C^t-^' 

Sjj -^ ft <c»-iA!j <JLaL Ijji dJ Jlaj < j^juxl Vi *^^^^-=>^ rMj JL«ij Vj {;lc-.f..uL QrnJ ^jJ! v-ajj^>JJj 
j-=»J .>-a^^ wiji^t J I tlAJj ,ji jS MiM V ?%ILiii ^^^ <LjUj w_ja_xjjj ^^j_t^lil eLb oLo^iLc Laj^ju ^>jj 

l (j t ir j:L=k_^l Jl^^Vt Jicj j_j-jilt dlijj <ol^j-=J! ^ <jjIj CjU^Lsu (^^>»-i La ^t Jfllj! Aj L^-lL 

jS[Jj ^ujiclj i 6ji jMi^^ ji^ Ljjiidx^j Li^LS U ^jjiili *LJIj *-&lVl oil^ ^*^^i 'j~^3 1 \ iMj Uij 



.\y-\y\ .^\::^\ (x) 
.^A-^v/^ .^lu^i (£) 

:<AT» 



^ ^> ^ji) 2^1 ^I^V SbLi. »>^ <.f^) ^j ,[:^ij ^^L j^ U 4^ ^j Uilj 



0:j^ ^1 JL*iVi »i. ^ :^l ^ ^J3 . l^^ j^ Jkj <^U^ i^UII i,^ 4, ,-,i^'5 

(^ >i iILj ^i y^j^jVi ^ .Uu,vi :,v ..u^vi > j£i jluvu .^,^ > jsi ^^i 
"•••^^' > ie^Uli ^jk. u:ij ■ li^ iil ^j ,j^i ^jl) ^v oi>li > j..eJ^ vOi.! jSjii 

<Li i,j^ LU ^ jJi / V t^l J^J -5>^l > t>^l ^1^1 Cj^ (1^ J^VUAi. ^: 

-. <ei>-Jb <±ij-^b <i>=-iJi v^^' ^M ^-^ ^-i^ t^i v'a-^i *jj> f^^j • <-*>=-ij «j=^Ji 

. ^A/^ ,>_.i:sj| (\) 

.\A/N,^tSJI (Y) 

.(jV^)v/\j(j^^)rr-NVN.v'^i (v) 

((A£)) 



.L^VI (.lai^L^I ^j^i ^lai:^)j,as^| ^^^ J^^Ul^ij j^vi iilL^ jl .^^^^ 



•vl^l t^l 



^jJI ^li. ^ ^j ^^^i ^^^^1 ^_^j| ^j_j^ jjlloA jju ._^ :(, 'Mh!>-=^' st=^l 

i£4i.j i^uji AiijLcj <jiUJi ^jkJj > ^ jsij ,ua^j 4^jj 4,_^ iiue j^ 4J1 j^j u 



^ Jlj 






.lAo-iAV^ .^lllJi (Y) 



^ aJJb'>^j ^AaIj^ t^>*e ^-^ ^^ J^i*-^ i^ J-^J ,6J^ij lf-Li»^ ^J^J oLcj^^fj <-iill 
jl Lo-ij-L^I jl Lul^^Vi ^ij-kJIj <<^j "^Mi j_t!j-all 6JJs (^ L^j JVjJjLu^iO Uljj j_ylll <ifjVI 

La) jJbljiiil AOA I (j;a Sujtjit Sj^IlII oijLiaJI L->-^ ^'Ai '-^ C/-e f^> ^ "* ■ "* ■ " * :* *i^J • *,>:^^J ^^.5^ ' 
Oju ^^! ^>llll ^j.i^^ ^ 6,Jji^! Sj^l ofjUJ) ^J£- J^^ u^ -^ <j>=^i olc^^l j^ 
jjilj-LiJi «-o *'^U>Uij 1^ -M^^lj ULooujij jJiljuuiJi ^jl (J-& ^1 <:iljLcj ^j^f 0'->^' ^^' 

:<Jj3 ^ Ajf^ J^-^ Tt^lj u^i^^I^Li (^ U. (CmjII (^ «C^h) ^J ^1 •je-'-^ jl ^>^l 4^J ^^*^J:; 



^ ,^>^l .e-A^iJ^' e>=^La.-i^ c^ ^ ^ ^.L^ij oi.!^b ^t^-l^Vt O- <JM>a >lj (N) 
ol.fjiil c*^ <y>t^ V^ (^"jP-^' J>*-=^b ^^-^^ ^^ J' t^^ J j"^^«"^l j **>-=^' 

«A'\)) 



U» J «jVf A-sujujij)) : JjjJ Leulj «jVI Jjliah)) fc^J Jl-aj ,..» r^Iji ^ <iLa. La <la I t^jl JjJS dijjj 

JUj» ^Lfji *4:^^ Jh?^ J^ .((A^iLixlujI 5^^ IIa wix=*Ji (tjk, J-lZJ) ^j :^| « lla^ <d\r <1a£| 
old Ul)) :^ Mfl . „:?h VI Jli Sftlla-a La «^diiJ! f J)) :^l <(l vj mj .jjlc <iix.l La)) '-^Jj-fl >kj pIjJuVI j-ic 

Lo ^jJjLi : I^Lii *<Llc tilJLa Llj jj3 LIj ^^, h o . o V I cJLuui :^^jtil JLSj « ( JJb Jjcx JLluI ojlj 
Li-ti i-^j-=JI Ijjb j-uAi ju : j-iA-i-u jj! JLS («Ji « Lli»tX* oilc <lac! Lo)) :<d[ji» ^j-ii^^-uuoll iJLaj -tijj^ 
jl^ i^ji:i ^>l^ j^ illjua)) :JLai elij jju ^l^jJf jLxj^i jj( aj.H jifl jjAl oLo ^j1 ^^i ^lA^ 
((clj-aJ jiij)) :^l « In tn ^>iajf <.ilic «dA£.t La ^^)> m^jj'I^U JLSi tf^^^jjfc (JsUj ^julJ JjJ» ijti !iGL5 

^iL^»wj jjj La_ti Vi <bLi^ aUt a ^ <jj n .ft w»>L*i^ ^l^ O-ii A>AjJI (.^J ^*^*^ ^J *;wajJ-aJH 

<dji cilj JL^ .j^^>4aju (^lijj \ ^1 »,i^.iL.t I j^t jj& l^_^.J!J Ij cjL^uIIj p IjVi <ui «-ji1Iu ( L<.llLu ^^LuJjlujlLo 

ij'j Jj^^ (C^ ^ J -^ ^ <^ 4 li-^ <LlU_^ O*"^ in ^IjM :«^jIIj AoiaAJllI jJc i^tiri Tu La (^L I JJb» ^ 



(3^^) rVVN ^^L^l t> ur^'j^^ ^^>3 '"^^ u'>^l J^-^ Jij'^J . NT V^ *-^t^! (^) 

. j^joxJ) ij^iiij -Jiiii! <j^l :J^yij ,^jJ1 6^ (> <e*^ -^5^* "^^-v' (^) 

<j ^^r^L^j l>il^j **4 t>:j^ c5"^^ j^^t j^^ ^^' u>*=e* J^ -J^? 'J^^ "^^ ^>**^' (0 

«AV» 



'^yi_afiVi ^ 'f^'s uil^'i Si^l 'Jsliu a^ cMf^ jSj 

.L^^ Lj:! ^> ^j. 1-4^ ^i--i -CaILaJI Lj <11 l^i» :J>i; -^1 o^ l^*— J 
:.jb!; J^ JUj . r4- J^ Uij *JS jl^ ^ "<^l^3J' uJ^^b ^>^^' «:^^^'J ^ '^ ^^' 

^^1 ^i 41 > jai ^b ce^b v^b '^^^^ ,->^'^' f^^'j ,^^ >' > ^' ^■^" 

j^iaJI lilj 51 AJI *^ p» UfiJt <^>« 0-»*^ ^ 



JiUiJI :o^b '^^-^1 ->^' ^^=^b 'O-^ ^tsl .W^^^J Jf^> ^ ^"^^ (^> 

(iAA» 



0^^ u* ^je-^ <^j J^LaJ) ji <G^ ojej *j^b ^^j^b u'f^' > t^ ^^ ^i jjbf^i 

•J-^J <|,J4-*-«^ ij-A J^ j£. oj-uJI Jl>^-^j r^^'j 
^L^l ,_,x^^ J\ i^\ ^j^j ^o-xl j^ sll ^j_^ j^ *Gt^Ut ^jAju ^ ^j U Lai 

^ ^ <JU ^JJI !l&j :j_L«^ jjI JU)) :JUi ajulj ^aljJLJi Ot^t j_flj» jt^i ^ J^j ^ 
LUlUulj S^L ^1 JLu jL^ al .AJlyu. J^ukfi^j ^Uif ^^i ^^^ Ij^^ ji <,>^ j l^J... 

6a4Jj ^l^^t lla /^ j;iA:L^ ^ 6jixx <^A^l£ <iijLi^ ^^>i^ Ja^ ^.aju jS ^jldiLjIj j i.>l... 
.^iJjOcb .w^i^l IV L^U. l4-citAj Ja^ oajCL ^^^oib *4^ ■--<"tt ,jii^VI <JLi U ^>j;;^.. 

.^r~^^/^.J!^) (y) 



•^ O ^ Jt g # 

^^^ jj& Laji frUJi ijji jj^-^j 'Jf^ »i f^MiVi ^^ ({Jj_L))^kJ» 41 » j1 ^jii Vi .^sljjJi loA (^^ 

V JUJ-a. ^^^-ait yr !Ut^ r> ^i jV Jxj Qj flMV^nt J^ <jKIUr^n ^^^ f4j '^^^ u'^ f^' O^ '*4',>?' 

Jjt ^ La Ijn .A< ji 6jjjJLi jl *>j">">^a *;;^VIj ^]y-JVl <l W t r>"j (JLoJlLujVL aLI AJbO^JUj <Liic. 
w_j!^!yU CjI J n I ii"j oL^Jia-t-a-o ,^Ll^l ^-i .\ -y^ LlJL^ J'i-^Jj **^^^ 3^^ ^J <Jj), f> 1 r> n ^^jXc, <G-a 

cJUa a5 oUI^ j:=k^ La^ . LfA^LLij ^JLc^V t ^^tl^l ^^ ^. nC i i . un ^_^j c-tLsSJI (^ *uL p L^ Lo^ 

ili « L^ 1^^ f J Jj h) -J A^-J ( <^>«-i La Jj-0 ijrU-aKj Jj|X>3fcl-J-l t jJJH5-=^ ' L&j (^1-S tj <jj-ajwuj Juc 
<] I (|> rAjjJ aJjLll! J>AJ ^ LfJ^^^ ^^^ JjA-a^lj ^jJjJ! <xi A. J'M Mi l ^(jlaU *U j n tn L^ (jl>^ 

6JJU I fLift JjLaJi J-Q-t£ Lbjju Laji J-ojo j^I ^ Mifl'%11 ^j^jjaJ! ^L loJbw :j-s»^! IJu ^jlc^ pL^ 

iJUtiV! t^j i^l <Jij i^"^ i (JaUI <i3laj ^^ ^_^1 *iLa-j-uVf J^ « ^Jj^lLcw ^J^^ J-*-*'' Cj^ ^J 
:JUj <J^J (<G]3_Laj CajL^J Jjs-^i J^ OJ^I j^l .^La-jLuVI v^j-uuoS ^j-t^ V «Jj^^ai£,» Jl LcS 

^jxiJ <j)l ((LoJbjji) o; i<^\k (x^^ji\ Ijjb ^ Lf^ ci(| 1 itij JLxiVI j>a oJAl J^^ ^La.<juVI <Jj1aj 

<j£lj (<La1c. «Jjjj_JLjiJI» J-aj^ La ^_yic «aJ&jjJI)) Ja^ ^jj JjJ aJj <<-ill ol ■ r> n ^ Vj L^JLaj Jj 






<U,aiJ ^j.^ji\ J^^Sui jij .« JL^J Jxlj CjJj J^J ^i :^^J *JL«JVf Jui Lfll^lo ^jij_=JI 6aJl 
w-ii «i-fc jt SjJJU-a LIjjI <U JAaj 6JL21J f^HS ^^ Jj I r> fl U J <lL)Lji CiSh-i-tfu! Vj J> -^"'^ Vj j ^^"'^ j_j£. 
JJU l,.,fti, t fl ^— o^j-u LL <CL5>N.i je^ rc-w3uXi ilU Jj ( J-::^ \j P j.jl^j1 fj (..Jdl^j (^ Ij-iV I jj^~ ~ ^ <ii-5 La f ^ 
f^ju^ 4J V i^i i,.r>'ii'> > Lo i^ L t) J « 4JL<-o Jx5Sj ^j ' 7^=-^ *f-J V v_" '•^"'** Lc t^j L » ^j <lc. .Jlt .\„-^.Vi ..^ ^ , ^ « j.ixiui I » 

« J La-aV I c Lajjj I i^L )> jj IjJiC ^ Lc£[ <LG-oV L) ^ -% 1 » Ajlij wJ LJ i - ^--^j ^^ J » -^ a"t I \ I iLaJj jij 

JjLiil 4jj_al ^3^ .ii*.Jj >i # LuuuL 4_ti JaAJI ^ ft nt JxiJI jyi ^L Ijj&n :Jli (A>jJf 1 o t ^ . n'^ La£ 
14-x^j waUJI Jjtill AfLal jji Qrfijl <iL-a»x cLo^L ^ui Jjiijl ^^^^u Jji-iJi ^3^1 ^L loJb)) ^Lau-y 

^\o /)g f "^J-^J -i-^'j U-^^J-T^-^i t(J^ J "^^M ***^Jj" -J-^ JjLiJi O-iL^ ^_yH! Sjj-il) pLcl-laiV) ^J^Ia-J 

6 J > ^ "1 r-> , o L^ L \^x£. Of L=fc wi 'j^ V I iiJJb i^^^Ajuj . Ub^j_iX.j « J j-^-ra-eJl ,^e^i^ ' *' J *' r''^^ ' U-*-^ ' " J 
jjia <^L)) <<."vii n I n" (Jij J^S ^ dXJ ^-^.^1 Ki^VI Lfella-o t-UiT^'s't aJj SjLi£. <-l.lJEl ^JjC L^I VI <Jaj,^-Lo 
jjL-cJ,l ^jji Ji_J^ Ui i^Ut) rM^^^Jiall JljJili! i^Lo J «^iJUj (J-axL-uJ jc-ij' ^JLLflVi i^L)> ;« L^l^^^lj 
Tx-UcLMaJ.) Cj u Lo I ^.v<vg . (( ^Xr^hl! Ij j-a V ' (j-«^ C^J-?^ '■^ t*^L» •» j t,\^"n^ ^ ijfV! ..I >» j ff Vj t a /^ 

u-jU)l J ((AJLikjlli t_>Lt) J ((<jJl111 *^L» J «c 'jjJI i^L)> J ((^JcUli twtL» Jj-a <JJ)) 11,11 <lj.l£. <JLju£iJ (_J Jj ' 

. « ^.u^a, ll I ■■> *Uajwjj jij (tj,i» (/TTiTtf i ,^L» J <( <Ll».)a1I ! wjL (tfJij <iL^Vf *^L)) j a^JLiV I 

/jij T'^J-uiij^ jlj-Sl-uji ^1 <3hLjo <j^jah-J oJ'j \~aj I nj^ uO ^ iJbul ^j'j *i«-*-^^ A-juii^f <Li^^.u-u 
«GI VI <<LlS jiali' SjLcIj A^^JLiJu JjuAJuu ^ 0^ '^ J *^J:f^^^ *JL>*-^' (<J^ 4jLjS ^-t-<^i A-J 4-j3 ij .i^»t 
La rc^ij r (j "' n !j Ljj-6 Lay^l^ *^'j "i"^ '^ ^J ' L^fj^ ^j-iil Sjj-i-Ail ^-ic *(-^jJJ lj.!S.J oLa 

^3:^1 J*-a1) oI>^V «u Oi>«^ ^JJI JiiUit ^U JbkJ! ^ <S1^ ^ >lj^* . \r N/Y ,^Ll£il ( N) 
<iaLJI ;r^l<u7iUj L^ aj-a 4> Jj^ ^.^U ^jjuil J*ii!j <j!iUJ j! cjy^"^ j^ J^'.>^ c^J-»^b 

.rr/^ 

.^V.^NNAj >NV/Y.yl2lil (t) 

• U^jov^ir^rr^ i<i/\j^jriAjyi\/\ .^iiSJi (v) 



ol > t^ yl^ ,JjVl j^ 4li^j ,<Jt ^il .LL JL. ^jJjVl ^ JUtVI iiiJ j^ 5-j^ 
j^l ^1 ^j ^LAJI JL5 ,j.i(lil ^ Oj.^ ^j .^.c^l ^ -^^^ ^ ^_^ .^ j^ ^ 

S^'1 ojSj Cm-wJ L^ qjijSpl tyift Uaj cvbaU 

„...<ui _>^j .(__ji f U:„ j^jjjj .^jj — ^ v>— *J' i> ali«»... 

V ._ijA_^ jc;j^ lisj .j^3 ^L .1^^,^ ^] ^j_j| m „^_^ j^i ;j^_^ |_^„ ^^1 j^ J ^^^^ 

U ,>ii; ^liV .j^l <i^l yi^j ,^,x^| ^ VI s_^ vu iJjxll a^ jl j^ LS li* 3^ 
t^jjl <L^-i, JJiJI ji (jjji ^ liA .<'>,<i^| ^ 4j5jLi L^ JLJI ^ <jt*Ue fii "U cxJSi 

<.^^j) <lk^ />^ (:J^*>>^^' *^^' ^-^^^ J±,^j.Lf^ L^ J^iiaj i^,LiL.^j ^UuVI <::^L-^ 

y^\/^ .^12^! (y) 



la£-aj . dlL j>ft^^_ ^ljo M ^>3 ^_yi^ ^uis^Vj ^^j^Ji jLi <uLi. .i^^ oL3( l^Ak. V^^a^ jI Li. 

<Usl^j ULI 4ljJi5Lui oxi- l ^Ua ,. %j If-culajjj >4jfjlj *i^,>^ Ji>Sl j.^^ J. a a d t j . , . . J jL£ 






AT) 



ouo u» <^ ju ^:ui ^L^ ^ ^ ^i ^^^j_^l ^^^j_il ^L^ ^ ^^. ^ ^^^^^ 

Oj.^^ Je^l ^LlkJI <J| j_jl^ ^_j^ ^^^1 ^^ ,^L:^I j.^^ ^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^ 

../''^^ A^ ^iUJI \lA ^ i^U |_^ Ufiu: J ojj jl ■?._., n-,tl j.J( :<a JUi<,<u^^ 
^ U^ij <^) j^ Jl„ ji „^jj1 V,, :J15 ^]^ l^- L^i j^ ^ <ru« ^ jl^ Qlj ^v j5. 



oUui.j A . -VY cai>^^l Cw>^l jU^b Aa-AY c^o^^l ^|^ s ^T.^^ _^ (N) 

.\-^-^.A <c>*j>«iiij L^jjajJi ciiiiti (Y) 



/^^Sj:iljSll-6pij5JI -^j~ ju^L jULL j^ 
S^ U^jj jtjJt^ ^1 J^^ (^tlV) <1^ J^^lil Jli ^^jJl^ 6blLc JLuj cGUjL^j cIjj:. 

<J .^A^-^a^oJ J!>JI <^Ui J <dLuuj 6j-i^ > uH^ J^ J^' ^^^i^-^' •^^'^^^^ ^-^ .o^l 

jj <G1 \iUj-i ^JbjJ tj..,M fli j-iiaj i<G>-.t-a ^J dOj ^1j LcJi (^ i^J ' ^ " >- CHO -^ 0^ f^ *J>^' 

J^J ^ ^^^x^i !jU ^j^ ^Ull ^-^^j uiJ^J^ ^' iSS^ > a>:*^'-^'> (^^ t^M* 
> J! wJjt!; ^ LJi .^ ^LJi u-^' v'>^' i> l>a-kli( tJU *^4-i-SUj ^> ftli-c^ls > 

^U\a ,oiiAl ^ij-a^ Lfji <jL^U <Jl.,.n jy: «dUxii ic*i-i^l Lout S^ :^jA\ <i! Jlii S<-j:JUil 
t^j^'j t^J^' t> "^^-^ f^ *v'>^ o"^' Lf^' ^.H^ ^ L'>*"' ^ <LiU-*^1 6j^j(^ ^L^^U 

_\ . .. a^. ^ .^ Lu l^la S j^lj J^ o^ vu^ <JUa-a Sj^i:v£. ^j\ C^ J^j J^^ <<i 6a-»^l J^ 



^.^.fUiVl (>) 






«^o» 






i^. II. -U., ^ <ia. ^.^ .^^,, j^, ^ ,^^ ^, ^^ ^,^ ^^^^ ^^ 

•C/v-IjLuJI 



I 






±9!fe^^ 



dJXj 









^Ij 0l>^ c^ ol^Liitl ,jj^ pj ^l_^VI ,>^ ojA^ <uk Jjjj .jjVlj ^jjjjlj JiLUI 
<eje:-- ^tS ^^^^ ^i ^u ^oll liA <^ w^ JlLillaoc i.^ :il^VI ^ jSj ^5i_ 

jl <u>,.^ ^ L^ j^ JJ j^ j^l ^1 ^ L, fJi*^ ji ji=JLI cuSI oij .'''U^ { \ 00 . ) 
^^1 Jc ak*iJ o^^il^l <uj^^ 01 > 1^ ^ Jjl u-:Jj» Ui5L^. Jli .Iji <u)l o^ oii 



.ij ^^^J ^^o/^ ,_^,,,i:iiil^,^j[^ ^y^ 
((^v>, 



<LL^j <Ajji)j^ j-^^ <^>^ ^LLUVi J^ljlj ^<J^Jl^j <a Ijlj A ^ . ,. n ^LJI >LULi ^1 
^V>if j^^L^ ^UJIj ^j:VIj .^.^j jioi^ ^^oil ^U* ^ CA^^IjJt Sac ^^^.^ij <Jc j^ij 
'cr^>=^b ^jl^f <f-^f-^ t>^ <L^jjj 4il> J^js^^j11<, QyO^f J^ljl > <u.ui: j^l j\Sj 
■^J 'is^J^^ ^'^^ o**^ (> L^^Li: jt^ J) ji* ^j^ <LL.^ ^j^j <^j-^ ^^ . b-^'^b 

^Ia J^U.^ L^ f-^^^ ^ <^ U'J^=^ (»-^ c^^j'^' ij^ <-^ ^1 Loajj «tj j;^^ ... ^Lilj 

<(^A)) 



-r 



>Jcr^uL^ Ulj L^lj 4:1.1^1 j^^.^^/G^J^^o Jlia Ji^l Jll^VI <Uu>-=^S ^<^^ 

: [4!^ .azi^ <uj^^ j:u^ ^ asj j^t ji :i^ Sjo*!. oi3e^ . ./A-sn ^^^ 
^iiol <ijL3 j_« ^tjli ^_^^ ^ <^l /^ ^^j Uj <u^^^^ oljLiL jl.^i^l ^1 <ui lJ <ij - \ 

^'^ - ".-Iff 
jl :j3.3^^l JUi .>"Vf Ji ^^ ^j ..uLi^ ^ U^ JL5 v^^ j^l ^ ^^^^^.^ ^1:^ <^| 

^ jUj .<^i iju ij^j /jx.^ sj^ij) c^iiif ^v «^ij ^vi. i^u^ Hj\j^, 

ji J\ w^jj ^lhl\ J^J ^ j^i cla^lj^ «s>x^I» j^ Js. .j^\n /,u ^] ^^ 
j:^U: «o>^lj ^Vl„ ^ jv .Sj^ij U^l^^ ^^1 j^i ^^ /^^ii^ <lj5 ^ <J ^U 



.■^A/.^ .^.v..;^ij.r.r/£ *<u>x^ v^.>^iJ>'^v•/^ ......Aran <^aio (y) 



wij_=».n l^ JUj ^^^I ^_^J >=*.! 2-v-<s«j^ « fjj» J» J ;<J^ dJj ^\^ C^J-^*'^ x-j«-^fj^ j-i ^Lwiai-oj 
^_j!^^ ^IjIjI jij^ V i>l^ « jLi3 '3^ J:?-^' '^J*^ J '*4:?J ^*^^ Ca2*.^» :tdl^ ^-Jj «5L2k.Uii 

Lfijju ,a.-wuVij *j-i-=J! J tg j_x^ ^^l j_y^ SL^LLJi ^^I « !jli> Lali ijli-s ^j_^i ^ 
-IjG Jj I » :^^j=fcj ( L'^^^ J^jS-ij «<; Lilt » jy:, jjAiH 6Ju&j ...(* ^j I jli dH i^i» 'ciJ^S *^Jj < IJj-la 
V /jLa^^l s-ijjiijo ^(^Lili «-u^jIl ^ JLsj .((Tj-^' 'j'^^w :^j-5 ^-i-^ >u^ ^"^r^^ ^^ '^' 
^ <lUji£ jLa^^t ^JL>-^ t^ <!JLxJLi JjuiJi ^Jix^ ^ j! ^Li-i ^3t£ Li J$j ^dn-^H «/j.a.j-cij 
ijji ^^ cJ5 IjU ,SLa.UIl lI^U (( !jl)) ^^^Ix^ «jj3 lali jljji ^ casuj^» Jji3j ...JL=J! 

^^Jil.j . <f^_^Iftalj j5 Jj3 '*i^ -c^' *"-^3 ''^'-^'* cf^*^ <^^ * ^"^ *3^ " UuU Ja3 ijli 0^ji».» 

? 

.(jj^Vi C/^^' Ji JjVl J^l ^_yiJdi (ofi jj^ . Ljisjac ji iajoii j{ ^i ^ru iJ ^i 

^,-^ . ^lij , L^jLj ^Ulj >ulyj^ ^jj^j JlxflVIj pL^wiV! ^ Lofliijlj Jj^^Jj jj;=wll^ vJ^>^! 
^ Uj6j-ii.j J^jUilj Ji-LiJ! ^*.-^l <_iLj1 ^ Jlj J^Lk ^_ji cjd-:^j .L^JLjJuij JL*_aV( .Jm JIaIIj 



. >^v-rY/N .^.^r^tt >;^ (r) 



^j ..^j J*iJI ^ j.Li.VI ^l^j , Jj^l ^^Ui oUljj > <*^ Uj ^L£.VI ^ ^j 
^1 jl£ ^,^^ j] VI .^_,_. ^l;^ ^ ^, ;i^^^,^ ^^, ^,^, ^ ^^ _^|^|^ 

Ul . UJI Uj ^U.VIj JUV l_, J^vtl tp^ oU^^ <,LiS ^^ ,^^_„ ^i,^^ 
J--i Vj L^ j,.^^ M. dtj .i^ > LiLAI ^'.^j ^U£ _,j^ .o>^U ^^^Ij J-JI 

oi^ jlS uu 1^ .i:;!, ^j .^1 ^ij a:^ <^ <ii^ ^v .<> ^.^i^b <i- c^^jUi 
iUj :y£ii i^-^i^ ji^j .Ci-ji Ji Uf o^:i- >ij Of CA. iili. i^^ jiL^ ^ (Ji^l 
L^J^ <^LAl ^jSil ^UJI ^jL^|„ :yL^( ,^ j^qj, ^^ jiL^ u^] -^ . u^ ^ 
6i^ ,<,'^y^l *jjlaxc 1^ JU 1^ a;3 ^iU <.L*J» JSVI ^jSi tl^ J^i .^ij ^ ^uii 

^uji j^ U£ <i^u ^uiii j.^ ji (^r\\-) ^^uji j.^^ ^ s^^ jis Uj^j 

i^-^l ^^Vl ^U, J ...6jt^l Jjjiil J;^^! jL^i j^ , ..^iv. u., <^l jLSj ,.^_....,.M 
«<kU ^i ^ ^jJI J^^l ^L,, J <,<i^lj 5^1 ^L» J .,3^^lj ,:^^i ^L„ jl, ^|_^VI 



JjijuJi j^ <JLLIj Ja:=Jl ^ UU-^? ^1 fc^^-^-^f ^ lij.£^*l JjLJ.) ^jx- ^^ <^jLm\ Ul 

v_)L» -i 4J^ *i -^ . ?>jl. i <!,ljj itJi ^^JA.Un Cj^LsLlj rjj ^_^ S^JJlJI (Uiixll *G^,vU"\ «LLLoi jjJli <JJ1 M rt 

Ji-Lill jL^ Ll!i!j{*Jl^3 i„>j^j*^ c«<illj_i_c ^Ll» '.i^j~^ till jj ^j ^j (Jc LiJ I ^^L Lut)) iwJiiLaJi 

!jl ^.jo^ <j Jjt flUj .« Jjj jilL^I» :dyi^ ^-J>^ j-f-^ *<-iJJ aLS)) :cJa fj! j-j-aJfj i^l^liV) <J^>Jwu 
i \ *r^'i <uJjjLiiij Luij JjcLil! jL^ U:ilj *JcLiJi Jxi <lJI (jJljlI <iV dijj (<u Jjii j;.* cjj^j 
iiSij jili)) iCiii Ijl c*jl :JjLi JLi jLa <ulII o^j ^_^i ^-LJI *_& <^ J^^juill j-a j£.Lil! ^j-jl-J 

J^xili Jtj (AJ-^J icj^^jJi 'Cij^-c ^^j]l JcUll (llij jJtl f ^jli J^l O-CuL &^>-iC- f-^ ^^J^ i ^ < . A I j^ 
ViQjLij ^Jj^ JjuaJI <Uc Citfl'> jiJ h^ iJ» :oli f Jli (Jcli «C'V Vjl ( Jjj) oi^x-flj Lul :Jjli JU 

jjijjijj! J ,^'\^l I <^jy.yxMi JAjlI .ya IjJEt ^JUi ,«.,.<UibJ ^ *L*^ J^ «j'-J^ j_j^ ^3 ^» -Jj^ 
[jS <-i t(^j„L^)) siiJjuIij ((t»^j)> -i ^-fljjf»> Lq^ Ixfjii M^j' "'*-iJ^-i^» -i *^ fvia3 "diljox. wtj-t^)) :4ijA 

Jjj j-gJ *<iu=.i JSLii La^ ^^ ^-^^ f^ J-^' '^ 05^ ^>*^b 'Cj^fr^ t^Lc^L^ <U-^ <iV * tj 
J3^ oJJj ,i^^>^ j-ij <u^j oi J^jil jl ^j-^^-j^ t^U ^O^i-i <i_ik)) ;J>H5 « J^* cr^ "^3** 'f^J^ 

.C/Uiiil! jUuij*jL^lj^_^fjCrHii-ilJl U'iLL^UcAriiAii UM:i^V (>i^^l ^M:i-^i ^.^-*:it^ 



TS/N yimU *^-A/> .^wA'^^ll (N) 



*.l^l > ^1 Ji^i ^jiiti ^^, ^^^^^^ ...„^„^j ^^ ^ ^^ L^ ^^ ^^^^^ 
,^1 U,> <Jj5 LAjl di: ^^ 1^^ II* ^ <:U Cf^J^i i^ ^ _s^, j_^ y^ 

.'"JJaUI ^ uu 



((N 'Y")) 



.>JI ^ LjJc ^ Lflo jl^; Uj 6J.3IIJ 6J>J.I JUiVl 4^1 U^j . Il» Ji- J*i C^ijille 

oi^Ljj: j^ L^l- i>Sj 3e>" v^^' -^y ^ 'T"^-^' <> ■^^' ■"'>^ H^^ •^'^-^ 
L.;^.; ^ C.U \J1L Juj oLVl ^,A*. yi Jbill J-^ ul^ -iSj '"V' <il— ^ U^ "-"'J^ 
ysj ,^j JS U^>o .SjjIjJI <^j^I > ti^yi ^'j^ 'vM' .^-^ U. l4:ji J jj L. llj^ >.!/l 

.t5>vi iu i>]L j-j^ 01 ^ :>- ^^-^^i ^^ ^^'-^ "i' ^ ^-"^ ^' '^'^' * ^^^ 

ai:^ .u^i. u o^uu ^^laji :.» ^ ^! > ^^^ ^i^ -1^' ^^ :>-' ^^-n -^j^ 
jJiSj ,,>i:a ,Sj^u :^.. :J^ ij « ^L^ >» :^^J -UJi» £- ^^ii^ "'^>* >" ^'^^ 

Ulj.. :J^ S.l>ll 6A^ ^Ij^Ai!! Jkaj ..Ct^ «^jl^ > i-^ Vl« Ciy^l^l J^U -?^ >» 



'''..JUii'^l 



U^ .1£jVIj oiill 3i>- :y^ '"^-:-= <i-5^ ^ ^Jj^VI L^l ^j :?u.l^l jSi; ^j 



O'J 






> ;^ >>, >u.jvi j^j <;i^i >4j «^ 6^ i- > ^■^" ^^'^' -^ *' '^ ^'^''^' "^ 



^^ ^ ^y^\ <iL.j .r N v/i . N \ o/i J ^A/l j^vA '^"^-^' "^^ ^'^' i^ ^ 



0) 






;^JJjS tiiijj ...dJj ^^ «-L-aj >'j (A-t^LiiJ) ^ <(jui L^^^ik-ji /jli ^1 k-ijij^ jj-o ^j^ i^ *tj Ijl 

<(j t^ijU )) :h^V)) ^ ^jl^^VI ^U <(jl^'nl4 j-iaiUJ ^)) :1^ j;-o S^'^ l-olj}) iiljA j^ cUjj />^ L^L 

^ 6jlj-ab Jitj ((6jjj l A i lt j < .t i f l ^^ dLo JL>^ LajIj f^^Lx j_ii. A^l^t ^ liaih IjJfej (^l^lou 
jij . «^-a:=JI ^^ JJj ^it^l ^ jl^ 131 <£:U=JI Jjjii O^Ij J^ j1 ^^A-lXJI ^ 3U. jij i<^U^ 
J3JI Laj jL^lj Jail! ^^^itl^lj» :*iljJl( ,^.)i^ (j^ J-Sj (b^Ji-^ ^JULDll ^J,^^^^\\ j/\ J)l£jH '.iiSiC. 



.^...or^tij Ao ,04^1 (1) 



JA) SJ^ uij. :JUi Li^u L^ o). 1^1 ^a^( jcj .^'■<e^>JL ^ <i o^ ^ <aL ^ ^1 

^ <j ^ ^^ OUjh- v>:f SpI^q ^ L:l^ *^A:xli J:J j^ «^ ^1 jl ^U. .V>» :<uj.i 
Ji^i U^j ^2j :a^\j j^\ J\ s, I^t ^^) L^^ ^_^ ^^1 ^(^ ,^ j^^ -^'''^-e^^J^ 

<llc^^ Ulj. ^.j . Ar jiUJIj^ j...,^ jLL^Vl4iLS L iiJi/'^MbSljjj^,<<^^U»^ 

J^<*i») ^ Jx>~^ LI LsLc ^Ijii j-^j jLAs <uaww j^ di: Luj^ujjuu^ LI .Uaoju^ U^juUj 
4J) U^l <^u^ ^_^^ yi li^ii ^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^!^ 1^ ^ L^^j^ ^j L^J' ^j f-l^^b >^ 



. ^Yr/^ ....^rdtj <y. >x.J)j > * .^i^vi (r) 



if 

Li :cjjJ^i ^j)> -.U^j ljx.\I \ ^^jjlr J>^ ^j <u^l^ ^ja^ ^ ^-^^jj^ O^J^' 0*^jt^ ^I^J 



'",,4:^1 






.<e,>^a^ -*l:i^ cr^ 4jti ^ uj^j ^T'V'^-rio/i ....aiUI ^ jli^Vlj Jl^VI ^^ ^!^ (\) 

.t£-Yo/o 

.YNA-T\V/T..^...J»:i5J.l (r) 

.iu^i^L ^u-^^Vl (> sL^i a3>-*j N \ v^ <-oj^b 'f^^'^^/^ y.^^fltl ^ dJj jki. (i) 



^ M' oa-^lj cLJ.^ :i^|j ^j^i ,,j^ |3!„ ^j^^ .^^^^, 5^1^,^ ^^^ ^^^ 

> ^LiJi ^^1 ^ ,^ U *^Uii ^ -.^ ^j ,^ ^^^^_i, li^ ^ ^LOli j^ ^ L^l 
'•mJ 0^ H :^Li .^Li.1 ^L^ ^U^j JJ2 ^^^^, 13^ ^y_ <J. .>^ <Jj .^^1 ^>L£ 
'uL ^ ^_,.^) JS ^ 1^ ^(£j ,j^ ^Lji l^ ^_^ ^Uii ^^1 ^^ ^ jj5,| ,^„,„,| 
^1 ^U^LS j^j ^^_,.^ j^ L^ j^L5 <J^ ^j <J^ ^UM ^] ^ ^1 ^ 

^"^ '^3 ^N^'^^^1\>.j■'"^IL^^ U^l cl.*l„l ^ .,^:,„ :„l^„ ji _j| 

^> uy <_sia.i >ij ..oki i^yx^^j u^j ITT j lYY J nr J n^ j toi - too 

^ OJV! ^j To V£ <^USil ^.i^.:^ ^ .U!^ (yi_^) ^ ^Vlj (iH-^) ^ jl^l 
6ia^aj^>ly(£YTjo££^T0ljM^Avl^^)(;3Jlj^)j(d^U)j(^^^) 
.<ujj^ >_.tS ^^ l^j^\ o UlU.r , l l j> La_yc5 C- ;-"---' l 
.<-Ki! ^i* jSj j^l^ i^_^ ^jii TTV/£ J TiV/Y Ji^ , ^ o o/Y ■._..A--.ti (y) 



^jlxl ^Vl *L-ik ^^ U» ^L ^ JLli Uj-^ 4J^iL^ ^^\ ,^^L^ ^ ^V^ «JLLflB 
<u ly^i u-aIc-slU SUUIl 5^>ji^ 4i^lUAli o:i^ UU .«JollL»dlj^j <lo Ijjfc ,^^1 ujlis J^wj.) 

J « JjUjj) «J^jIj J^^» J <fc^>a *._iJs.L-a)> :(^1 «^;^jU Ja^j)) :ciJii « jLi-i)) ^^ JjVi ^ La£ 

i^LlJI J15 .<gJi Jjjb ^1 .«^_LxiLi)} 
« JcUt) *:^_^_J:J) ^^A^L^ ^j «JU_fl» LcLl*^l ^\ ,.^juuuj\ ^ ^ J ill jj! ^^ liA J <j a 

:<]^ LU)) ;d]j jjtj Jti ^Jlj 

jUoj j^j ^ ^y ** ^"^ u^j *4 ^^Vithi9 ^j ^ jj ^^'^^ 

*^ J^JLi *'-*-«J Uf^ <^i.j£: '(.^^^ ;>^ *^*'-J «^_j-i^l^i |xc.Lyf)) <lik:JI J^j <((4jj^ij Liu£.)> :^L*j 
L^LajIj h^LJI)) ^la^ «JjJjbo j i(s kj, Qu) JJj ^^ jL^ La ^1 ^m n^M ^jjjUj .^''It j ..Xj *U_k 

<J31aj«^j^»^i ^jj <aV (iiijLli «j;l»^ ^il-sll i(jli)> Jac <u^Lii<JJj j^j /' 6j^ ;^3_^aj 
J «^jAi» Jjtli i^ ^o -^l l i^di-?-^ O-i-u-iil ^j . ^juLxA «^_^» J.AJC <_LiLlJf «J,()) J.AX, ji ^1 

^j-a-j-^ ji£ <jl 111 j-ft aSj (JJjlIII <^j_i^( «ci>^j ^>^l *^'j' ^ '^j^^ *^ f-*^' ^j 



. ^•\r/r .^t.Araij .T^ <suJij .v h^j^s (r) 
.v\Y/Y «, ,.Arai ^4^. (0) 



•Oii QU . J^VI ^ <„!^|„ : <^__, ,„ ,3S. ^^„ .^ ^v„ ^^„ ^; ,_^__ L^^^^_ 

.U U JS ^ .^1 ^L^ ULi „j^L5,, ^^^ ^^1 ^ ^ ^^.^1 ^^ ^. ^^ 

:j;U*JI JjS U>^ <J_^ ^\J\ _^uy| j_j_^.jj ^^ 

:<^ 
>j .<^1. ^ ^^11^ <iJ, ^. i^l^ ^ ^ ^1 _^^, ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ 

^i^i^vi ^1 j« > »^^ yj ^ u (.^ j:^ ,<^vi ,,^ ^ ^^^^^ aju.j g^ji^ 

.JejtUljjaLaJij^jt^lj 



^ jJU^ jjj . 6jj^-^ 6^^-^ <ajLuJI <1^I ^ (^^Lflj ^1 jjj jjL^ <ij!SJ( ^.^n 
oljlj^VI j^>. ^ ^1^1 ^ i^J^^ ^Uil ^ LfijSj^ 'orfj^ r^liLoU L^j-a ^LxL^I 

^ *>.,., t,^ al L ^-\ j VnJ fl i^^LJ « ^ililU.] JJ ,^^r!^j Loj i^ (^^h 'f^>^ ^i-^i j*Nm.. ,»li» -^^ jtl 

. 3',>^^' O^ .. V-N t i i l , i (^^A-laUuLj f^L^J ^>^^^ LAllii 6j.2wfJJ 






v^i jx^b .it^i ^j V <:,^i ^i <_^i ,3__,^ ,__ „^,^^_^^^i;^, ^^ 

C^iU .L.i C^ ^^ o^L^LUi^ ^I^Liil o=.^b .„ii^| ^^,, J „S^_j, ^^„ ^^_^ 
^J ' U^^j^j U^-^j U^^j L^^ ^i-i:; <l;a. JS ^ L.^1 j^LSf I ^^i^ .^^j^, 

-^ ■ ^'>^''' ^ ^■^'^^' ^^'■>^' Jt^^ oSjUij 'U^j«aijL4:., j»^^l„ j„^:l^„ 



.^^<iJSJlJ=Jai.J,Y£^./V^ 'c5>»!=Ji>i; (v) 

. \ . ,<ijSJi JU=^ _^ (r) 

• ^i^vi ^u^b .^n ./v^ (iij-iJij . svr ~ mt j w .joiJl . .u< ^.^.^ . ^i^y (i) 

.roA J Tor J Tr^ j YrT/\ ,j.iUVi j^j . yo v» ciyj^ 

JVAi^JY■\ArJY•\^o^,Yl^iJY^.^JYo^^JYo.o-Y£^A/e/^,^^^^ ^l^i. (o) 

. 1 ?iul!l I.ki.j AYo/Y/Y J \ . J Wy" 



(Mi 



j_o 4_*jU1I 4-iJ,>«Jt J^Liii ^^iOU o^^j^ualj <<iJl^l jallj iijUl ^ ^^^jliJ! JjVI ^U„4^1 

ijlo IfJ^j fA^J (^1^:14^^ V^*"*^ jl-^' -^=^^:*-« <ij^l Cul£ j5j f l^JLi5 ^^J-a <LiJlj^j ijo-ftl jUr: 

IjJb ^ 6jMi"i'to OJl^ ^t ^j^Vl <iU^I 3^!^^ 0^1 j^H UoJU Jfl'^n i gji ,^jIaH J;l$J ,<.j^U. 
6^La^I <_aLfllj 6jLjJ1 J ^\j /^ ^ < L^j_fl /vUli jJiLsi-^ ^^] /^ O^J :<-flj^' .A^ iti o — N 



<(^^r)) 



JfAJI Oxo pLfiiiij iaU.^)j ^j^l .r-ift[lj <^^jJ>J *^f'jjL3 '-" ^'^^^ *<4^J tj.i.tMAlj <jip \JStj 
Cjj ril ,,i lj <^ c>"J*^' olii:^ Ojc^ ^^^-luLljJI j in tH ^ A>l*il OC>xi tij .(<j--oVI 

. i_^j_Jiilj ,<ii^ pl^ jl£:i ts^^h (SJ^hisi^^^ a"j^* oUla. *::i^j .dUj ^j 

oj^^o^I /jI^UVI j^^Uj.<5jjv^l ^ji ,^^ .. . U ^^ jl^l^^ Lll^ <L»I,^,,..^1 
I^Li: ^ ^j^j f^Ljjj ^jaII jLi^l IjiSIjifl <ijll! oauLuA ^ IxAbbf <jji^( ^Ia^j 

^jVjV ^jj, '^ -^ "ij j^l AOA ^1 ^ .nl ^jLl j-ii *<iJIxajj <ijj^( L^-d^k - a ^ " a I ^ 
fH-'^ M j UjVjI ^j^ LLuaVl <:UjaJI J^UII j^ <j^( <i^l c^l^j *j^^^^^!j ^Ui^l 

Y^^^lxJ) ^^-.^ ^ j^l jjj\ 6J4J jL£ IjIAj . C!hi>"^' ^J-LLa ^ L^5.^a^ Cj-2>^ HjLa 






LjU^ ^1 Jxi U£ Uili ^jJr. ^^ ^ ^^1 <4^) Ji j^^ ^:J[ ^;^^,^,[| ^i_^^ 

J ^Uil ji ^]J\ ji ^i ^^ jl£. V cu.^ jl^l J <iUili ^^^ ^^1^ 5^^) 
.1^ i> ^J^f J j^ > jl^l oU^j ^^jlll Ji cUj ^j^ J^ J^ 5,^-^1 






,>^l lis. Ij^ SUi, Ujb 'Wj UJ a>^ 1^0 »,'"?■« i^VI il^j <jj^ L-.jjuo' j^j 0^1 

.>i^^ jiLkL. ^^i^jj ,j^ ^ ^j Leixi i_ji« liij jiU.1 jUI j^ dij ^^ .1^^.^ ;^j^-.ii 

j^jl jl^j <^jS i^j^ j^j ^^ dLiJI j_^l yjSd^l ,j^ v^V ^jO, L j1 ,j,^^\ ^jjjl 

'>— J:; ^ ^U ^f^( > alj ^ ^ f4^l^ j5UVi f^ j-aj» ;J^U Jj^j^ JLS 
JxJlo ^i^ j^^^j J^ j] ^^1 ^ ^jU-^M . 'i ^ Li) ^» :,t^U\ JjM <a-«^UVI ^jUX\ 

oil ^x^ ^j <^ dll ^/^ djj 0^^ A^ ^ l1^ ^i£ L^ ^ jl ^^^ j^, L^f 
L.J TO 1 ,1^1 1^3 ^1^ Nov <j^.^| ^J^!^ ,TA/1 r<^%^^\ ^^Utl 5^1 j^ YA/Y 



^jjl {^\AA-) ^U^)^ ,,L^V( oUJ^j (^Nc^») c.Lyi .^.^^ ^ s>^^ (^\rv-) 

l^j^ o:Ki .<i3gi ^ <^.^i ^1^! ^^^ oijS:; .^^ >j :''<^ j] ^iji > ,^ <^ jl. 
^UVI > 0^^^ •^i -i^ o^J <^ Ce^J <Ai p i_>S^U ax5j U^\ ,.v^.,.. ^ jj^l 5^1 j^ J^j 



U^ Uj YIA ,Ujn\ ^jx^\ SUxj *Uj*j Uj -Y^Y/N «^:^V! >^^ (\) 

.Yor~YlA.<ijlIt^^>x^UL^^ (Y) 

. 1 Y <i^^j ^:^jj^j . \vr/\ (^j;^\ ^^ ^^Axi\ oUi^Ji ^ ^pi^i (r) 



t^JL5 ^jtJ^J ^j-^^^j '^j^j <^f>S)j JljllL ^\J\ ^LiljhVI 11a v^U. ^! j\Sj 

Cllli Cun'^ Li ^^>kloj jL>iw Jui <:i^>*if ^-AiiL> ^LoJUl .j^i J^^ J>^ ^LOJil «Latl:x1j <Jj-tua( 

^b^ f^ ^^ -i^Jp^ t^^' ur* LiLJ' ^^' J^ ^l^ ;^b <e^' ^j; — '* '; <l.uu.alil 
^j-*]l jL»^i J^ ^^-soAf i oljJlii IjJi jLa^l ^^ (j^^rnlj J a .TtlL Ij.&1a Ij (_^>a.Vl SLaJI Jijl>-ii 

^3 '^y- LT* '^^ ^J *^J>^J Ojjialo V>*^' f"^ (_ji c^U. La ^^ Ij-^It-o <LijU-Aj <LliLiJ) A^i 

^•. '^t\^~^ <^j.^^ jjalj^ ^yiL (4_ii U <^jxi j] o^jLaJI ji <;i^V! U^.Al oLxujtjj j^ 4jJLu! ^ ^^ 
<lUVIj ^UjVIj Jla^Vij J:iUVi Jl* ^Lij ^».^al^ 

^ li>.l ^jJI P 1^1 jLvo ^Jjj4^ ^^Ij (j-ujfj^f >^*^ c^'^ ^Jk. L ji^k. Ikli ^jji. ^>o jii^l 






Lf-^jJj <jjL6 j_«k j^^ J-oJtll Oxa *Laxua2i JjJ^auij <lij.«^l ^-u^j^^ 6JX.I^ '^^J^ J ^\ 1 ti ^ o5_jllj 
f4^^ Oe^l SUllI^ *C5>^=-^' O^j^' ^ i^J^ I4J jlj ^ ^jUi Lolj .jy:jLj <:Lo(j ,.^>^ 

j^ ^ijA?^' (5>^^ i^j^' '^ J^^j J^b' (j-*^ «lliii» <u^Lul j;,^ 'juH*:? (45 '•^'^ LT^j *|^>n 

^_i I'm \jj "km! cjfjLilj I jLi^f /jA Liii 2 1 j-aJ ilfl (^j ^ 't I Itf V jjh ^ j^ Ti^'^mi^ n-sjLlilj qU \U\\ 
f.^jjb j^^lj tt2/:ifl5S SLskJ [j-ajuj J^ J^'j3 AjfcdxJ ^jl am^ j^ (Jf"^' SLsJll *^Vj-A i^jaxj <Ajjui ^ 

Ijj&j ({-ANXV— ) P^j-iif ^k-waLaJ lj_i-fi»L»_o J;L^j ((j-^'ilL Oj^l Jjbl ^1 j^ u^** "^^-^ JUi 

« P I j^ I J ^-juu I j_^ I rj-.i. ^u Jj-0 JjtS '-^^r'Ji <*tijLiuj <L£. dAi LaS J^^.-ujV( j_jj ,j£. Jj^l tj-a-a *tJi ^_j-4JU 






^^^ .^u :,« 6i^j -"'Ji^' >' ^ ^''^' ^ J^^ '^ ^'^- '^'^^' ^^-*'' '^'^^ 

1.1, o^i .^,u :^^i > ili.! i:^ ^ >^^ ->-^' -^' ^^ =^ ^ ^' ^ 

. . -,^ .^,iij£ .j^ L^ ^1 ^ W^ f*^ ^b ^' ^> ^' ^ ^ ^^l-^^' *^^ •" 
y, ^ ju (j.\ rr-) 6--- Of L^-^'^ ce ^*-- 1^' ^*^^ -^ ^^ '■''^' "^^ 

.^ <U^U .^IJ:^i^ > i:^ M >^ -^^ '>-^ '^' '^'^^" ^^' ^' 

^^, ^^1 ,,^^t C^-'^>^ 6- 01^ a.jU. J.1 ^ <:^ ^.1^1 oi>. ^^ 

Yoi/i ^1^1 ^ ,^^-^A/r .sb^t »Ub '^"^^ u-^' ^ 0) 

ys/y .JJii\ ^^U- C^) 



'^'''-^' ^ *^ cwl^^j <<ui (^j5 ^^Li^l 4Jc 1^ jilU. ^1 JUj . Lj^j fj^Li jl£j tkj^ 
^ j-^i jj^j ^j .wi^l ,*^.:J! j^ Pj^ <iJ j-^Jaj ^j i \j-xliS. j-r»^M ^^ s.Vi.^j *5j-^xl£ cjLI^ 



' * 



: J lii ^ Lull I J LLuu U [ j^ ! j Ijui <j U.U 
I«4.al2k Ul ^ u t -^ j ja^j CUi.^ 1 ji ^ 1-^ Jj n1 Ij *t-%1U> 



P " J o > 



I— JbjtjaJ J » t j j^...^ L^jOfa^aj ^, AL^ i gi,,ii^ (J— «^ 0.„t,.flua,< 



.^^1 j^! ^t:ij .Y-\r/£ ^UcVi oLi^ .vr-vr/T .sij^i «uij .y^~^^ .UTi?) 03^ (N) 



.«oLuVI JUj ^ ^Ui <i^^ ^ L:yi^ ^j,^ ^) ^^,„^ ^VclL. x't^j^ 1 1 

J ' i? s ' ' 

Ilk Jj^l jl^ ^ Jc Jj: Ujl ^^1 ^ 111 j^ ^j /^>J1^ Ji^ 
<ijl]( <^^a.^ ^^^..u^^ J^ <GLj ^j.^1j^^I ^ Lc^i ^ ^>4i^i j^oiil jaLJI ^^1 

^x^.^ <^ .l>JI ^^ j5j ...(.J^>.«:JI ^) ^ 1;^) ^^^j^ U hj^\ oUljjJI Jj^ >j» :JUi 
"L^jLill oLIj^l o:^^ 1 jl- ca^^I ^ j\S ^^\ ^ J^ j] Ji J13 j^^ ^1^ u.^ 
>t^^i Vj.l^l jL^:>U^L«11I J^ioKJUj^ j;j5^l ^L Uj^ o*^ £>ji^ ^tlA 05^ 

iS^J^^ ^ W ^-^f-^ (/4>^ j>l^ali o^y^3 -CAij' t.wnl i J^ «c^^jl» ^^j oUiUII w^Lx^l 
>^' H-»^ ur^J^ S^^.^( SUJ (^I .-iJli.! <ll >^jn ;Jlij L4»Jc 6,^j (_^jj-*JI j>j„U"lj 

.A .^i^l (N) 

.r^^/T sM <«uj .>rv-Nn ca>^UQ^d>^» oUi, (r) 
y\ .\yuiA\ .Y^o-YA^ J, T^o/r .si^ji *ui jii*^ .mt/y ,su>Jt <^ (r) 
«NYY)) 



<w^j-i-tfJt ^ ^-^b *^' ^hf^' '»^ tj^ LJ^.>:^^* cr^-5^* J^ ^))^j-uajil JjL-u^ ^^^^sjlJ j^jJu 
<Gf ,_j^L^*-aJI j^ jLs^jml jjii «^^^ <I ^(l£ V)> <j( Qj^j^l (j-^ j^jj Ca-=*- jJ^i tjit^ wJ^Lk 

I j" "^ 1^ ^^ (-KtTtjj <Cli 1 jj >— Li iA^ Luo IAi Lu-u 1 l-v j^^ jJ <G I Jj f <_Li£ jy; Lj-uiii jjj aJ <LuiAi 

ji <j^;^^:a^I CaS^I ^ ^^^I ^S>a. ^ r ^ ^ t n \ jIa ^^jjsJAI ^JJHJ I ^ Ijoj i .n aj Jj^ja^ jLaua ^l^ 
JkfJli Jj'^ n-y ^Ul ^j^t 3^^' C?"*^ jM='' LS^ ^jl^i *A'^J j4Jj>a ^ <Ajlj L^-xi <jJtSllLI Jt3^ 

SjUI ftjuh aI.) ^ 1 imJ ^^ < jU Ul SjJ-HI AJ t<J5JLUl Sjlii Jiiua. :LoJb jUj^i o'^J *^^^J 

^ Sj-=..ij <^ljj V! If!* tlJl J^Ai jJ ^t ~4\ iU"t ,7iVI JaLuJLi i^^K^Ju ^ *^'j4^' JUlwo jlKj ^1 

IjbiA ^j' '*^ i.^ ^-^4i iijlJli Cuia j^ ^^^x-al) cLolc ^ JjV( wi«ajf ^ <*-^J J>a f-J^' 



.N.T.^^I^^I^U (r) 

«Nrr» 



,.u^i o^: j.:ii CiOi su:ji ^1 SjU-^j^.,^^,^,^^^^^, . ^^ 

^L^l ull^l ^lyt ^t^ :^ juj .^ij^i y, ^1 t^,^^_^ ^ ^^^.^ j^_^^. ^^1 
L^i JUj «^,ji^i , i^vij as^i,, J „^^i ,i^vi^ ^^|„ ^tiSj ^^1 0.1 >3 ^1 ^^^ 



Uj Ar/^ su^i <^j , ^ .r_^ yi ,sM .ub -r o-r£ .ujvi 4^j^_, .v\ c^^^^^ij 

.UjJU 



^Li^ 3^ «^^! JU>> <1^ <ul! jLilj ^jjl ^\:^ ^ J^l <juj.j ^oJl ^t:ill( ^i Ji ^ 
4l^lilj S^^^^l ^1 ClJ^ ^ l^j,^ ,^j^ hji} 5^U L^u Ou4? ^J 'I- ^>^ ur^fa. ^..^^ 

ji^Ui flA^^^j.iilLa<(^^^l^^LiS»>jU<G) ^^_,.^^ UlaJ.Qjiil,) :^L^<alL)j^i 
<:i ^J ^jj ^jJlj .Jjj jjij j;^ Lc^jj ,<d ^s^i:^j j^ IJ^ j\£ jB ((...<ajajuu« ^L:;^ ^jw 

JU J^ a-lAj j-o <iij <«Lik SjLuJI ilib ^J^^>::^! ^ (1& Jji (Oc ^jj^aJi ^^\ ^,LiS[i) jLl ^j 
^i^ ^SJ\ J>jl «Ux^ Jii i^fj J^li^ jjuj^xAj^li <IjLi£ ^ <la jlLU^tj <uila J jl-:,!! jL 
.^j^t JU :<^ji.^ wLl^ ^j« :*a>A. ^U«^( J>i ^ Jk ^oll ^j ^l^! j_^l wxU I 
-j-a^1 ^ <Gf oJl3 ^i ^UjJ* *J^ Lli> i^4>^ ^ uV JU^' ^f^ c5-*^i:eJ *«cr^*V^ Lf^ 

a^^lj .<l-0 j! V\ rnij J^JaJI alL\ f^jll ^Ll^) j-i£ <JI Oijij ^ ;^jJI J ^ '' ! < ^Ll£ j1 ^Jc Jjj 

4-iU^ (_5^>iill wJLiLif jjI 4^L=». jij . W iM. ^Ijil ^j-o jjJLj ^jl <jU f jjii A_<ij .<lJI ._ij&j Lo Ji jn-flUI 



«\Y0)> 



j5 diU tJLii ^-»-o ljjl£ <ij5Lll s^LJc ^ U^S oj-aii {_^.ilc. U ui^la^ ^^La-Li ^_j^u*ljjll JjLtw 
j-flt;. Ll Jl Jj ^>-i_Ji: iiljL>l* alfi ^'^^G-o^li *^^U^ ^^ J^] Jl^ , I Jlj !j^ :J>a: ^jjJI 

j_a - ^ jjI JLfl ;wji»!i jLiJ <Ji >M o ^jC <rLjL^j wJju ^^;i^ Jj J.A_a.l <-5lsk J^J L^i-C ^_^ l^j^ 

oxi V csij-^f Jl>^l jSJj .^.^L ^IjyJI ^H^H' ^' f>^ 1^ <=l-«^l Jl>il »i» 
•CMiji t-ii I j-. .^ Ij .<lJI iSUj lio ^jSl jiJbj .fL«j5ll U'GjI ^^1 iJjill 6i» ^^-**•'J^^ lo" ! "*" 

, ' i.j^'.ll iij^l Ajuijio ^_ni-LuJaj i^jJjijSlI 



.>oV/r,S!j(^UUl (Y) 

,.i_>ijj jjijiJi ^U-«j rv^ j.^1 j^j .AX/\ supi luu, ^^ j n • V^ -'W »l^' >^ (^) 

.r. J^. .jaoiULiijiiii («) 



^j£^jj l-A-a I ^ j l r ji»»» ^J Lij^l <-^jJ_o j_^ttXAij— o 4JIj ^LoJ^t <jljj ^3LJ$j^ J-^'Ai 

l<:Ja IJlj Uj I h ,_^:iJj 1 Jl ^^ ^jJl < fl wA ^_^J-«i j^j^jJI ^i^^ ^U:::kLJ) J>-oJJX, <.*A»jaII 6jJfc j_^^u^uwj-a 
<]j-*-o[j *< HI m l 1 f r rv gj >^^ i '4^ SjJ-JL-a I ' M j u'*^' I ^ ^ ^ <^(>4ii »jj ohj ^gjt 1 ii%|L *J ^^*'^"' 

^ aj ) j^^ %>^1 iijfll <r*-Mja-8 ,>*^^ ^^^ijtjJI j1 P Ij^il jju$ 5jSiJ <x-ajLui j^osJl J£^\ 

^U Ia o'J ''^ C*^ Vl I «?> 4>=^J r^<^ ^^^ ^ j't; ft ^J(f^ Jl>^4 U^ L<.IUiI>A «^ l^^j Ijd^t; ^•^i f^LftO^I 

jjj 'C/^j ./-ti ll ii^j !=4^ LLiAjftLUI oju j^^-iijSil LajcLiiI ijjait ,jlj *3^ f^^j-* ^^j^?-* «^t-»J-4ll 
t^^ j_^L^i Ifji jij oUJLuo J^ Lo JSi ^^U <Juflj^i <-ujjjII (_>«^j-b ^^^^i^fJL^! ijij T^jll ^ 

<iaJa ^ ->(} V^i/^'i J;.^* ^^^-.^Ij_JI jiLa-a.^1 Vjfsf^^l jlx-»^ t^L-u^l Jxfl 4-Jlli 6a4J jjijjl 

Uj ^^ij^! jl Ia^ r>=»^ u!:h*A>^^ c>* '^^^' u' a-*^ Aj **4^^' ^.>^^' 4.*-ujjJll 6J-fi c>; "i'mJII 

.YM/Y .^M^VI ^^^w^ jklj (Y) 

. T'\r-Y*\Y .<ij^t ^^ jM^\ i\j^ J^ (r) 

ToA-ToV^l^t LjSj^l^ (1) 

.AA ~AV <ijSJt 4^jjL« (V) 
aYV>, 



.:..-^lj l^^\ <_^^( ^^_j^ ^ L^U ^1^ ^L.^, ^ j^ ^jj ^^ ^^j 

^K-k^j c5>Vl <a.^l ^^j^^l <Lj^ "^j^^\ j\ ju^i ^ ^_^ (^^ .^e-^'j 

<GJj^ C^\S hjj] jj^lj^ ^ 4U^ Lu5 6^>:=J^j *U ^^a ^^j^ V JaJ^j . ..A-, V ^ 

<^^ S^H^I Jl ^A\ j-jHu^l llA J^ jLc ^ ^uo^ U ^j 14.1^1 ^c-.^ 4^jyi 

J^^ 0' J^J *^>^J ^^^j <fe'j^! <:?J:^ ^Ulj ^(^ ^ [4^ U L^ U. ;",.,, 
<JU^ ^ <dUuJ ^J^l <iJiJi <ulk C^^ j(jx4 ^1 >^L <JI >j| ^^1 ^ JUI <a 



\TA. 



a1 S^^ <j>Ai SjUj j^ Jj.rt-^ n 6lA J* <bjJ j-oaJU . J4.*iii ^ ^t Sji^M*' ^-H^ 

^ jl^ .L^ll U^lj c*Ul=Jl ^1 L4^1 ^j <ijll! .x.5.^ ^ ^i^ ^Lu^ a^ jSj 

J^ j_^j Sj-c-aJI Jl J;x^ ftLk^ *: l^f 6Ai-Jj ^ U!j <iill ^^ <tU^ j-ia,jL3 jL ^ 
CjujJJllj Sljjl ^> (^ > <L:i-5i::^ (^ (^j *<-«Ljl jji S^H-a^t t^ 'r' J J ^ ^ *-^*H>:! 

^(j^tj jSltL jJL* j^ jJb^L^j <uk c^ U :UAda.1 ^jLa^ JLuSl) j- jLlw jl$j 
Vj L^^Lpb I (i Ufl ^j <^lj^l J^ ^Ui! (.IjOll 2^>A3 0^-^=^ *h^^ J^-*^ c>e^J 

^UL jj4^ jjbj <ulli^V j^j.<uall j'LA^I JjUj ja*JL a^^4l*j.(^) Jb--J' t> 
j^j^ LJic <-uuljj l^fl^ljaj jaIjI^ > <L.LJi:J U (.okl^j o"^^ J^ f^^' >^' 

^^ t^>^l ^5;>ill( <Uu.jJ ^^ ^^ ^U^lj 4eW f^J *W^ ie-e-*^' i> ^*^^* 

^ jloJu ^Jl jLuft ^'iSe^ iS^ f^ i^lj .Uaj^j J^iUJij ur-**e^ (>^ JLm^I 

.<l;lj^ ^.i-^ji > 4JI JLc U^ l>1 te^ <.=.^j S^^ljiU J a3^jxx \j^^ ^j ^' <<<i^ 
^•i^'j^j ^^\ ^sJ^^ ^^ <^^ '^^J oi^^ u!^J^^ Ce^l ue-M^ u^ '-^J 
J. U^t ^y ^j^l liA Jl$3 CrhJJ-^' ji^ <Jc Ol^ Ui. o^jJ\ ^^ j:*:^ ^ 1^>I 



.>\,/o.UjVI^«^ (y) 



*.l?j ^ jf ^jiS ^} j^ ^^ ^^ X^j^j^ 6ja^j U J^ l^H^A^^j ^IjlH l^Llj 

je-^J <^3'jH^J .>:f^ ^ VI C^X^J ^ ^J^l^ ^.f^ . njs ] C^^ilj .Jju.^\j JjLiij 

ojiL ^_^A^j , 1 jLi, 6JJX. 6j^ Jl ^j ^ j^l^ <aL <^ <Lik L* j^Uj JS jjlj < I^jL 
^ oA^^J' <e^' jl-^i ^ fiAj Lf^ ,^He^( <i>^ SjJ^lflj fr'jj.r.ti jj^ i ^">t .- r 

^1 *LiJJ) ^^ Ijxa^j ^1 sxj *^s.4l..,u^V J;jjj_c^l <L^ji ^jll ^■■j^Slll \j^ l>-al^ 
^OaJ U ^Jc I>dkj ^j J^j^l t^iaMU ^ ^1 <iJJI > UjUmn,) jl c.j..,.ll 

^Ll^ I4JI oIaj ^ jLLlo ^ya jl^^ J^US oUI LfiV ji cL^c^UIoUL^jIoIaI 
.Ij-ilLl Sjjj^ ixxi^l I4J l^jx^j^6jjj^( Sjlil 6lA jjLjoi^l ,^jj .^^iuljjjt^^uj-^l 
'•^ ^> S^jb Sj^l^ J^ cf^ ^LxiJI ^ya l>jL^>i J^ lo^ IjJJL, ^j JUjcL^VI L^ 

JjjUJ^^^ ^^0 w . n^ l O^ I jftj « ^Jt ^LiJI Jl>a.j il-j-h .Al l^ulit Jl ^>fc*JI 






• \T.. 



^fiaJLi ij£^ J$ ^J^ 4jij £^^ ^>^t^ j"%'tlt 1^1 

IjJb _i «t "-J-- v^lA jli pij^l Lol » t^iA I. /> 1. \j i^iJ LaJlJj <bLLiJLf ^^^ LaLu LajIj I ^ ini\ 

s^ljll oaLllIL ^ijj ^ -^ 1 >^a <Jtl ^j!^ a1 ( n jq Sj!j^I aJ^jL ^ISj ^^L-ill j^ s^^f 

^ <uk L>"^*^' ^_^,Lm^! jjLi.] U^l Ju^ ^2>^ I-Ajjjui j-L Lf-o ^^1 oipl^l 61a ^ 
JjA.^ J*-al JU. J£ ^ ^j • Jr^^'J^J i^^oxa^ j^ J>* >&t>iil! oij^Laj j^l^-^l jIa] 
ll^i^l <jujLiiVl (^>*^jlii /j1 J>A *Liic e>"i-J^' t^ ^6-i-alj Jj-iai) j^j^yuLii <1j\Sa Cula 

4j_ij^ U\j] ^<i>SJI jJSfcJil i J "> \ "i j J <-AJLaJLi 6I4J ijJfeLi_J jJk] *Ji\ji t»\jj t.j*^J 'w t' ii - h 

# ^ # JS 

:wi^ ^>*i jiH^jJf JL^ .^'^Lfji.j^j^^lji L^Li^l ^_^i (^Jl L«. ijjXJi* Uj^ V 



,M\>l*j Mr 4j,>^1 a"J J:l (T) 



4Jc \j.Jk^\ L oU^ ^ <JVu ^^1 Ujij ^1 ^oxj U^l^V jt U^^j ^^(^ 

:OUJI ^^.^^.^^ .J.^! _^^^^^^ ,^t^ j] Li^ ,>:uw^lj -LAi^ ^ *<-^j:i JaJIj 
.J:^f^»j ^c^jllf oU^ 

^ <*^ J>*iil .^M-aJj «uLU) j^:,)> Ji. ^ (^ ^\ji\ ^j^\ ,^,^ . t^ ^3^^^ ^j^^ 
^^^^ lift))-. <J Jl^j«^^ Vj JbVt |>^( > ^ 4:1 ^ ...v.^ "u La ^L>, j«c^ 



^r\jSr.j\\Aj^\y/y^\^\j^ (y) 



<dj] ^ ^^ ^ UjLxA <fji^)« ^ ^C j] CiB H^j^l Uj :cJ5 J,U)> :<1j1j «^j^^f » 

ij-Ai vj^' * g"' ."' ' ^ ^^' pLajuuVI Jj^ <£u-oj .<Lja (^jJI ^jLJI <_ii jLsu ^1 ^at .... J^ 

*; # ^ f ^ f 

i l^j^ tj-LLjM^ J) i j ;j o"* *«cJL-il dLtj Jjlij oljli ^» iJjJ^ Jl (^UlII ^ Jm. -.j 

JxiJI^^<Gt J^loA^ ^j*f^^l(^ Ilai.*'«...<iii^i]f ^d»a^ L» <ui ^L^i-ilL^ 

Ljp I^ ^ jjtj ((^^_*i ^_ji*J ( J-4j ^^fc f Ij Ij di I ! « :4iJ 1 J_i£. 1— fl^>.:^ ^^ <i Ij a <j ...» :p t^^ I 



-VTj^ (1) 



L^l . ^ Vu ^ JxJJLi d joia^i V \sa\j « !l4» .lAj Ld j^ j,l :iJL^I ^^-Uilj 

jjhiJt ^iSj < 'f:)^^ Qiic^J Lftjtj J.uji^ 4,Qi,rt*j -!!'^'"** <( \SA» ^V jAiJt vr.t,v,-n'f LaJIj (f^jjL^alA 

S^jul tjl£ «jL^ Xi-uVli g^LduJl ^J^ j«A t V (-A)) :cJS jl *iij) ^jj VI <4>a*l « (J-A» r>Li 

<.»_ftljj ,jL^ f^jl I <iLL-fl v.j.uaj « f j-A)) <Ai t j«ou « o-jLuV i » JjLtii LoJi , jiiila iij\ Vg (( j,„i i,iV I « 
<ji ^ j UVm jj^lj L^j j-^j' *<u^" *4^^ CjUjI IjLi «A;i-a.j jL>Ai. <illj» :<fLcj <<GjKI 

/' «<Gji:y ^^n.^'ifl ^:^i 

J? 
«^Li.jl ^ j^Lo^l JU» P 1^1 J^ <Uk Jjj <A ft.rif Ja^Ij f-^^^ U J t iii 6jA£. >.t>j -^ 

^ 3LaJ «JU» ^^ iliij ^2l^ v>l5 «*! i^i-J^ V) ^ Low :<ljl ii^laJ jJi :«diJLo» ^^^ a Jin 

^L L:l j-ili JV 3^U. ^ dJjj .w^r^li clii dlLaw jw^o-ai J) dJLo» -JjJ: ^jl ^:jill) 
«dl]Li» (^ c>^L^ liiljii «oa3 Jj] cll*ld» :J^^ Vj «A>fij J>l cI1a1o» :J[>Sjj <J) iS" mVL 

jlc <jJt (jl£ Llc ^...ftK-^j <b LalA >1%A <] cjJ^jIj^jHI j^I ^ oLiAj-ulJtj oVVJI 



, no ~r o^ /\ tiij^i^ ir /^ ,Jj»5 ^^uL^ la^ ji- ^ jkiij Nr -n y /^ ^^i^i ^u« (r) 
, YTY -Yr> /Y^ tji^i (^bu»j ^ ^i^ t> ^ ir /\ 

,^1 ilA J^ jjul\ ^Jol^\ ^j YVA -YVV U^\ l^jj^ ^ SUi Y . <S;j C)^Jil\ ^^U* (t) 
. IVV /Y uaIju (jJU^ « JjOJt)) Cunt .. :; ^^ j^jj 5>ikLI jjl^l (^U4 (^ 



^^1 Jok^Jlj SJLxJl Jjjl^tj J>ail fM^jJ <>*5^' >=^' (^ oljt>t=^ Cy -^^ ^ j^b 
*;>j^^a-a-Ji Jbfc <ji!J^ Lfji v«fl^^ J>=4i *(^^^' *4^' ijAj-ofl La ^ (^^j-^usaJl ^jjjoijSllt k-^JUfc. 

^LUVI «6ljVl)) -i>lc ^ ^1 j\£ k^Lc "^^ix^ ^>i JlJi ^>sJI (^rL'^""' <> '>"* 

^jLui-aj ^Lo Jil JjiiJ! jL^Jj^^u^l ^>-^^j 'cr**^' *-^J^J ^^H^* ^J^ CA:* t^ -^ iS^^ 

<]jJ vjj ■ •■ a' ^j^ -tj-a^' Jj^ '^''^ C^Jlf «^Vi ^^»-J J j - } "i , U J^^UAII ^ ^Jl£. j-aVI 
^^^ Jj j ^ ^J Jij iLaUJ I l^ \jS 6JJt :« ljja.jjLilfl Ss^ <1aajJ *dll J , t n ft; J5» : JL*^ 
l^ \^ ^ 1^1 j^3 J^ c5lA5 *^^W -J-*^^^ v^-='-*^'' ^ ■^'' * '.>^->^^ ^11^» : !jA <il cuts 

LS «A^I» tjiLii A4-a^l^ (^ <-c^L^ j-aVI Sj^ <e^fji( jlH*''^* cM 6* «f^*" Ckilsw 

«u-aJV f » cijja.)j ^^UL o^3 «<^ Lli t » cxij-a. LJa a^i ! » j «tji>iif » j «? Ill) » j (^ LJ f » <ijl 
,j^Uu wftj-=^ V a^-'''' •■■" j] ^jlLlm ^ <:i:SLuu«jLutfJI)) jV .((^^Iv, j«^^^l» :dllji ^ 
^Ualll ^LSj/'V^dl»j«ij£jij!» ;JU U^*.!a1.V) L^ jJl* <i^^A^ « UJ I » l^jU 

C^j^l :,^ll^ 6j^j J^l Ji ^0^^^ iSh ^ ^^ t^J j^L^I *lja Vj .1^ 

.di:^C?U^^^i<Uj^Axa4 j1 JJ^I Jiaj La^^j:SJ! j::^! <^ UfiV 



iv.-m/Nol^^i^u. (Y) 



AToi 



.U 05 <iV .ll^ ^l£ L^ .,ui,> 1^.1 I3U x«JI j^ „J^|„ -^ . i^^ .^^,^ 

JiV. O^^J .L_VI iai .kil .^U j^ „^U,. :J^ .l>J| :^ .^ ,_^ ^5 ^^ 

<+^U ,jlj^jl^,j„i:U ^U» :JliU ^.^ <;V Jxyi ^^0^ ,li^j ,<^ 

„... ll^l Lei >^ o-J J*i L^ >^ ^1 <^b <SUi L^i j^ ^ j^l 1^ ^ ^( 

<:^i v-»:i^ ci^iJI C^l ^ .olij.!^ J,iulb ^^1 ^ ra*,j lliGj llui . J3 Ul^ 

.<:c ^L u ji jjWi jc il^ <i^_^ <ii:i, ^u j^ ^V( u^ ^j ji c^^^i 

> MUil J^ .U^V) J^ ^U U> j^l j^ j,t^ j^Li ^, ^1^ ^^1^^ 



.^j«- :J^I ?i^j .jjL,oaij jUJI :<i^tj . £VV /t oJ^ yJU* (S) 

a /\ >v, Yv\ /\ ^j^^u^j ,ir. /Y ^i^i ^u-,ro. _rl^ .uuji ^,_. (y^ 



jL Jjin lj>j *<^^yi^ Ul^j liJU^ li^^j Jjjuu. ^\j JcU ^ij j ^-r,. ^j 

k? V>xk*5 kcU ^j >.^^ ^j ^ ^j^^ UL^ilj ^^ij « J1» ^ 3^^ ^vi 
6>^ (5^Vt *;U^Vl ^ «JcUll ^[>) J^jl: L^j.U^Vl ^L^iui. > cila ^^1 

^ <.>.^^ Ij^ JUiij pL^[ ^^^^^ j^jlil jU( c^ ^ . jol^ ^ l^iii ^ 

axSj ^U.> Jlo ^ c^^Uli! ^IS J^l |j( ^^L:;]] ^L ^ JcUlI > J*iJi ^ ^L^l 
J>^' (^ a>M5^1 *3Mj .^b J(>^** i^ :^U ^Ijii V *au uj:jj^l JUj .«ai3 

lift .^j ^ \jUL^ oii oitiflj^l J^f *J-t*]f <e^ C>h;>^' f^l^^iif le Jj^^ Jl c^Ji 

' U Ijlj 6 jU 6j>L L^ Lxflo 6j>iaj t^J^f .>^' (jli Aj^J 



Nrv» 






J-i U£ ^^ ,,j^ ^.^ ^1 /y i^, j^ L^ ^^^ j^,^^^ ^^^^^ 

^ <lc .Ui^l^ .,VjV L.> a^j ui^ 4J ^^3j li* ^Ui^u ,^L^, ^ , ^._.„. ^.^ 

I Vj •<ai Ij^li, ,4,^^ ^l:s ^ ll.^^ ^^ .1^,^ 31^, ^1 ^ ^( ^ cL <,^^\ 

L^ dUa ^1 Uj ^IS^VI >>j <.^V I ^-£j . liA J£ ^ l^ ,;y(^^ ^1 j^Vl ^^^ 

.<ijLu,j o^ >bj jvLlj 6 IjiJI jtSj 
cr*J f-»>^ a>^l «U,jlj (^^Iji.^j ^ oJi^^^ ^^ o^l ^1 v'y^' oUJ -Y 



.r^./VJ^^.J^Ai/l.LJVlf.=^:^j^JklJ (\) 
arA» 



• SVjJIj P fjjjiSj pUiaJI j^^Lauo JjijijiA-^j ^j-**^ 0:!',>*'^^* jULtitl 

/_)C j^'CLa jfc i-i A4^J c*fAj L^l (5j1 t_f^f <I(JcJi <UaJt &jjh Jil LuuLuil jju jjl ij^-*»j 
^_^LlIt 11a >t^^ j -^ii tj^a jjj-JJ) ^_^LjjJ1 4 -^jTi *^*1*^j A>^^ j '^<^ ;^ '^oi ' ^j J ■ " 

jljJu ^ t5>i^i uHj'i^' j^La^-A ^^ <Ljl4-iAj ^j.' ^ .'H ^ILI <-il£ (_^| ^Jl ^Jli 
^j^ ^^^ j\S ^\j <^-^lla *^j ^ 1 , J\^x quii^l ji5j-.2^j L;):h*j '^.^^^ f4^' a>^ 
jl Ual l4„r^,t; J^l^j Lftl 14-ia.jJ <^ijiJI oUl^l ^Jl <4^J-o U^4 Lajj^i^j (<aa^>*-ail 



Ui ,,^_5U ^^V U.^.^1j <.^, ^^^t j^^ ^ ^^ ^ ,^^ ^ 

Vj . l^Jc ^U. Vj iii^ S3Li Uj^j 4.^1 ^uijjl ^ ^^ 5. U^vi Ij.^^ 
J^l U>- 5>.^ -^A\ J^l -^^ jJLi^UJI J,1 .^^ ^(^ ^, ^ ^^ ^^ 

^^1 a>-u J^L ^k :^) 1^^ cru^^l a>^ diu j^ jiU .J^L JcUJI Jl 

^y ~'^I>^VI au ^ l^ ^I^VI li. ^i^V) JU ^ U^ j^, ^Ui., 

JL^ t^il" "ui^l ^L^.. ^1 o^ aij ..l^lj ^U£l| i^^i ^^j. , m^ ^ 
^ei^ S^ f^' (-»^' V-ij . !>l ^.^\j ilWUI ^ j.^:^ ^1 ^^^ ^ ^^, 
L^ .^ ^1 L^ Vj c,l. 1^1 ^ ^.1^1 Jjl ^i^j^ ^^^ j^lIii »a* ^ 

:^ji dljj <JJ.1 V ^ s^lj U oU 1^ Jl^l^j ^:^| (i. ^u ^^^^^^^^^ ^_^ ^■ 






:l4-xi <JjJ5 I4] ^L^l <:kiJj .<iL,L ceJf <eb^ 44^.^1 £^lj_5l( 6iA aIcj pi^l J^ 
^ j^ 'Mo JIj jjlVi ^-i^jlr Cu^jl ^ax.lj5 jV LoJij (^OJlj r j^aJLU ,__^ujlfl dilj [^ki !^l£ 

i u^ji^j^ *^*3» -J^ "^^^ *43^ J-»-*^ <i^^j-*j^^>> t^Ji5 <*lLU au^ a] \j\ «JiUI» jti^^ 

# ■ 



.^^uiij pUJL ^ (1) 



Vj ..^ ... JL5 j^ J^ ^j,, :J^( ^, i^ ^^^1^ ^,^,^(^ ^-^, ^^, ^^^j 
o- 4«. jli; e;^ iJV. liA ^ ^j .«ij,^| ^ <t. ^ ^j„ :.a:^ j^ Ulj 1^ ^^ 

ULS IjJ f^j^j ,^Lil| ^i^ ^|_j 5^,^, -^Lk)! jl ^1^1 ^LiJ, ^ ^[^, ^1 
Ij-llil jl L«^>^ jJSUIj l^Jc ^L^i ^isjij ^js^ i^^i^ L^ ,J^,^ Q^ 



lrv-lY^/^^l^ly^r^l^JIi.i^Al/r^Yor-YaY/^^l^,^l_^ (^^ 

J A /> J ^ £A J A-V /Y J (Y . ,,^^( ^j \ . ji^vi ^^) YVi -YVT /S ^1_^| ^U_oj 



^Jl J>^Vl al« J^ j-oj ..>:ili:llj <uLiII j^ V J^Uilj jLuiilj u^LUI Je, 1.^ . ,Aj 

*^-*'^* oJ^je t^*>* cf^ f-aa-2>J <K ^-ioiplt (jjb j^j C!J:*>*-^f <-wu_iil ^ <j i^jjJLujI 

. <*J^' f;:^«-^ JUc) ^Jj ^ L^ *i^ |^jiJA.Ij^^ 
Sjjja. #:Lu^L Uj.***. C?h^J^' 6' ^' o i^ltr . OQ tft Jj|_5Jj^^{ J_ui>J ^>X|J i^J-u^l 0^ 

i^ij *4j,_^a^l lij^l <u^jj^ (^>i»^3-A jc (_^jl! (^^^fjjl ,>i*e' Jeb <<-flj^* cf^ ^j^^' f-^ t^J 

.j^L^ljSj^:u.j Jj^i^l^^suu*al£, <ajUI ^^ -i^ J£. J^joJI) <jLixJi (.IjSlI Ja I (_A Nol-) 

.u^ Uj NN* /N ^i3iJt^ NTi -'^rT/^ c^^u^^ij (r) 

j^j \ IT ~\XA g^j_j_illlj (^joj-^j Cji-A-jiaj VO -VI (^^.jajJt oj|j-a ^ O-a^jj ^>lijj (1) 

loA -lov /T ^IjI^VI oLiijti ^A "IT .UVI ii^ij VY c^>4^!j Udju Ly YAT ,^^1 
- Uj^j YoA -Yov/Y Slj^l ftUlj Y . . -NAT /o .LjVi ^.j^^j 

AiX. 



^^"■^ -<^>UVI jJLdI yi :^;j,54^l <,x«JUIj2JI J. 2311, ^jc jJL ^^ ^jk ^Ull -UutJj 

f.> ,. Ij^l jj^ ^ iU- ^1 s^i^jU j^i ^ _^^ j^^ ^^ ^ ^Lai .iijSK '^jij ^v^ 

iijill ^ ^p^l ^joll . 1^1 ciU jJ <i.j^ s^^j ^^^^1 ,^=^1 ^1 jlij . u^ »ii.) 

C>-ij, dii^ SjiSj <i5a.l L«u^ .^,=.^1^ _^j Ujj ^c-^ ^t^ ^ 

jL^I ^Jj. j^ :J^| <J JUi Sli* d^ oiLi :yi J. ,<.^1j <1^ ^^j <sijj ^L^, 

^^ a^i?J iii^j t^--; <ajUl ^^1 Jrwj^ . Leil J^ 

^:iU«^! S^Uj <^LAii ifl^^UJi j^j^ ^^^Jl ^J ^^ Lei j^UIl <e >1^ jlj |J ^1 VI 
v.-.^U .s^J\ 6dlj ^j> d^! ^1^ ^ i^ ,tl^(j ^^^^ ^^^^^ aJL^J, <u(^ ^o^ 



nr /Y sU^i <^j VoA-Yoy/\ s)^! ^[^\j ix .UVl <A3i>lj (Y) 



Ljju-u IjJfc i^^j (iU <LijLt^ <jl I'll "^ J 4j^^j-«!sLjUi ^jA» 1 dii^ ^Jc <UV ^" '^ (liLahjjj <iah ^-i *tSjLii 

L> t-^ *4^* 6^ ub f'^' ''^J «a>*^j:i S*^b f^j-^ >*j u'^SJIj <ajjAiL c^j^SJI ^Jcl iiilj 

Jyi ^Lu-aJ( (^LuSlf J*-alj ^j .C>; jn il ^tl t pUiaJI Juc SLaJjl isV^ ^^Lti <Ldl Jjt-aj Lo g^lin ^^ 

j5 :*>ljill cJS :^al^ Jjj! Jlij . «$j^^l Jjbl «Ui J^-u V v-Jju 6jlj ^jJI ^Uua».VI ijLAj» :<1jSj 
^i;:*.! cu^ :JL£ -L^^ 4_f^ ij* '-'"^" cH*^ *J^ <Sj-4.j^ pUjfcii! :JU ^j-ajll jj^ p^-Jy (^lnTflt ^-i ^-Aj 

Oai,! !jj ^^L*£JI jl^ -Js^^ ^jl-uauVI ,^jf ^^^J JjjUai Jlfj^l u^J ~^' **-*^J "^t-'-fc^^ (__^ ^^ 

Ciixii «u^jb4-«j s^jLilS 6l^! jl *uL (jil 0\ ^\Mjk Sj-*^ajJL li^lsk ^j m\\\\ jl^o ;l4X6 SjaIj ^ 

^i iM*vll ^-L jiLi j,2kJjlj <jlUI ^ «^l^l aJjJI IjlA a-oj '^^^J ^-^-?J f^ljJd LAxo-o-a^ (j-lj <-an>fl 
oiaiii <j^ 1^ ^^Ti i-^rU O-uijJi Jx?jU^ '"^'J^'^^ :JLSi idljj < tuft^t jJfc uJ»_pc.lj <<jU I^ ^ o^^ 






..a^l Sj^ ^ Uj. 1>i -^" J^i o^' -^J 'uW-i ^ ^^^^'^ i^ 't^ '^-^^ f^ 

.<u^;j ..>u :^ <G/t^ ^1^1 J^i t> uii '<ei ej ^ ^' --^ «^^» -^^-^ "'-^^ ^'" 
^ai=j iS^ ^ui oi^b . i.>^i- ui>ii o'-)^ ■'J^ ^'^ i^ ^^ '^' "^ ^ 

^j\^^ij^j^js> oi.ui .i^;;i i.Livi t. ouij^i *^ ^j r.j^h <^ .^vi 

^L^l ^, ^1^1 <^1 J- U^ ^J L^J t '^ -^ ^' '^' -^ ^-^^ '^'^'t' "^' 

d^ ^ili H "^^ ^ f^ ^'' ^"^ "^'^ "' ^'"^''' "■■■^'' ^"^'^ '^*^^ 

i,,,^ i,|^ ^1^ Ul^ 5^Uj c^L-ij t^ J^j i.^ ji C?y^ ^ ^L^' -^^ 



^:^, Y.1 -T.V /r ^ ^ ^1 oLb. >^. nr /x ;i^i .L^b v^ . vi a,^i (r) 






(V) 

i 



M^y 



6>Ui( Jj::j .jt^Llil <iLu jjlljj <iL^ <i» i!uL^ C^H>^^ j^ ^ Liu, Aa^j ^^ jl^ ^Ij 

IjilLlj .ll^lj i,lj^l ^L Ij^ j^jll c^ij^l 5floj .oUlIi ws^cIlj j-,>.vx^ Jl, -^jlaitf 

*4-^" C^ U .i^ ^L^l l^^ij .Uj;j3^ ^L^ ^^1 jlc jjj. ^ i.^] ^L^( U^^ Vj 
ji ^ J^j .<A^ <^1j <i.i3 J^^i ^ ^1 <u^^^ ^^11, ^^^ ^ L^^i j^ ^^ ^^, 
<^^^ p 1^)^ aLL^ *uk cuL (P» Jb^Vl ^^iOjj Saj^ LmIjj <UujJ^ j\j <j^^^ ^\j^ ^U^. 

.JJ*aJlj J^jlliJij ^Lill J^ <^| L^^^l i^l^Jf ^^U:^ <^ CA^-fUl c^e ■t*-Hi54^ 
<e jL ^j...^ JIj alJ:;i^^/lJ j. UxJI ^ j^^l ^ Sxdxil Ujlll <^i^j <^l^al( ^L^^j 
^^e^ ffj^' u'j^ <^^j^ > <^j^ ^ ^^\ U J^f IIa ^c.^1 ^j .4". M.J 5 (j 6acf>5 ^j .Ait 






pLS:u1 ^ ULu 6^ ^Ujl Cj^^Ij^ <LuA:^ ^tl^U ^^^\ oUi^all c^j L^ j^ii^ill JjU 
*^b uiiej^^' U^ o^ ^ .*-" 4.il2Ait w4^l oUll <^fj|^l ^ ouuu^ ^ r^U 

■(iL>^' (^jOil Jjuuo) «^>AdU (j-6 jf^l <AAjM 

jij .0*^ ^4-«>^j M^^j (^ ^>b *-^i cJiOil jS j\^i\ 6aJb j^ ^j ^^illl} ^ULj 

<6 J.i,. „r , A ^^i J-oLt <ji La^ « Ijjj)) ^^ J^lx. «C*J>fc-C»» -fl «<JUiJ-A^ Ijj^J) :jA4 <Uk, <kAiwili 

iJ-Aoxo J^j ^UUf dlj «lJc Jj U <ai Jx-UlU .toJc «lUjluiU ^yjd\ Jill ^1 6^ha] Utj 

^ ^V) Ja5 (^Hiriij «Cj1A(b Julu-0 6JLuJ ni>lL\ Cj^jju^ Ijjo^t) ^j fWOj^La*.)) J- ■ o 6j«uJ 
^LkJf JaiJ! J^aJU Jjj LoJfcjll jLa. Lilj ^s^ljiJI O^j ^'ijk, -„--^ l' ^^.A> J*^ t>ju-ijlf 



. \ir /\ .^uji ^v <aiiijt ^ ^^1 ^^^ (T) 

« \ 1 A» \ 



J* 

^ i # # 

^^Ij <LllL ^ j^j ^ (^jLfiJIj ^jt^L^lj f^U ^allj 1^1 jjoll ol» :^Ui d^ 

,^>i VLa.j VI J-L5 j^ llLuyi Loj» ij^yJLju Ujl Jl dllj ^ U't"i , .1 « Vi»_i jLsi^>-3JLf j\ 
Cju (*V|» c iti .n^ jii i wje-^U ^'^^ *a>*^ ^ f^ jj j$jii J^i IjTuuli ^^1 



/o ^i^^Jl (juoA J arv /T .^^1 ^^^j rr <Ti,^^ ^^^jji jil-^ ^ uiU^vi >ij (\) 

.ii-ir j^Uj^^ (Y) 



:^Lsu <Ll>fl ^ Sjji3 « Jx» JX. djLi-^ CjUljVI ^^ fl^>a» SjL^ ^Ij-a. ^_^| <jUj <1qj 

di^ -^t i ^£, oi^J ' J) 4_LiLJ( i(jU) jL <J>5 4loj «t^.rJlujif Lm J>a tdpLa. JJalj)) ^j^yiL-*^ 

J « IjLuC.» .^1 in\\ -i(..^LLo] jLix. <J1I JjJ ^ tJLS-c-dj Jjalt ^jj» :<^La^ 4Jj-S] j j v -> 

> ■ > ^ « jj.^^L <lcijj LujL^iL ^4^J» -cf^*^ 4>^ t> *W^ ^ cr^ ^^^-'^^ JLil^VI jf 
6 j_u^ iiUj ^_^ <-3uL3j « Ljbjj ,^^yLu»l Ij-^ Joi-4 Jaj)j :J>^ Jl td^ UuUi j^pLu^i 



.Yvv-rvi/r ^(^t^ (T) 
.N-n/r^i^i^j ^^/^ .^i^^j \oY/r ^i3^ij 



^ t:Lu^ (^j ^li^ bjVjV i^li^i^^^^i ui 
CjiiJi uiislj Cijk Slubijk Siw ^Vij jjAit (^IjI (>:w 

:<iJj-i4 4^:01 oUjVI ftju ^L*™wj JJLJ ^L.uUI ^ j-ij .Hi ... Jll <Klj» :aijj 



.VV. /Y ,^! ^j^ J^^ .JU^I 



0- i^>i« «JJUi.. e:>--ii i*^ 5-i-- c^ ^.»^ j^ •— ^**^^ ^J 'y'-^" 

V t^..^-: i^U yib .<ji» 01 Jl <i^'^ : W--»i '^>^ ^'-*^ ^>^' ^'^' ^ ^*^^ 
^ ,j,A=J c^Ull «V» JL^Ij .^jLAil J>4^ j_>i^ tj"^^' ^' '^'J •"^'" ^^ 

liJbt a* ^li ^u* '•»*' ^iJ "^'Jr ^J' ^ ^"' ^ 

^ l1uLj^>ii ^Uiii f-^i J! «^5^e^» ^1-^' "iy-^ ^J ''*•>— »,>^r' "^l" 

,lr.-....VI ^ „Vj,> dx. jiljll JiU]l ^-^J •SjJU-^L. <:ij^.^ uiiJ-^'j -Oi^^ 



(^) 



(OUIII) .^! j1 .Ji=J) JSVI lyjiltj .UV -YA-V o-^l ovJiiy VA .1^1 ijr- 



.«uL Cy^jA Uji jjull j^LiJl j1 JjLdi g^^ck^l jj^j^jx. j^^^^^l ^_^LSll <5:iUal 

(IwjLjUI IjJal -<lllj —jjj) :>.aJ ^-fcf' i 5l L L^j i^\nj «jjj)> Qu J..^ fltL «lJj«5 tilJj ^j-aj 

^ *L»jLli^Qll j_*^^f j^pi^l ,_>uA.lj <((1^) ^USJI ^jl» :j^:^ JaUll J>-*juuj 
^1 Jl» :JLL Jjt U.j_*4jJ SLiill « jii1» ^ J-i-a-ill Jt>-T^ -^^ <Jl >:^^ i|^iii.i.lL J^-«a-il) 

Caj J^-flfciJI 6jJjJ5bJj .JUi^l J-alj^ ^JX '-f^'«>*'^ LT* ^>''t^* ^J *'i*'>^ J^ f^ W ^^^^ 

' e * ' . * 

^ ij^J «f^' iilj^l-*-* JJ'» 'J*^ Ulko JjLill J^AJUu wjj-iualil L^j r,A.,.aj tfjjjt» 
.-' 

JUx-V jJJ ^ „/il| l Ia^>-ti j^f j1 11a ^^J iJ^jLAI) ^jJJ aLumA 6lx-aJj *U-iIiJ <J-ft-«JI 
*LAjJall (^loSJi ^Jkljlfi :J1a A>x;^ J nio JLaJf OJj-u ) J"> i o ^^1?^' jJ i/tiU Of.V 6Jjj^j 



.Vr /Y J W /S ..^ax. ^v j«^i j:^j 

.YY■\J^.•\J^•^/i^lJ>^!J^Jl^. (y) 

^^J Yt-V /Y J No. /N ijilSJI ^^_>Jt j^j sN /Y J VYY /i j-i^l j-.* jkl. (Y) 
.Nil /Y ^U^ jjij sU. l^*Jio^ jlsiy Y^Y/o ^Ij^r^jL* jtij (£) 

<cNor» 



* -• » J> -■ f 



'3-^J^' Jj^ Cf^ (Jb2^ •-« :J^ <J^ c>*H?:* ^^ 
(JU Lo n^i.^j:il jjii-AlJIj JjjLl] I J Jji*al i *-J>^J 0^ <LiJl lift 6j^ Uj Vj . Lfl < "j^^^ 

<<ui 1^-ajlL ^f jjil^^l j^ijili Ji L^ <d[3Ji (^jIj L^-xk JJj Vj l,g .,g>jjil pIjL JU LuIj 

t^l£ C^J^U LJ^:*J-^-^' JlH-^^-^J ^JJ ■ " o'* ^-^ ^ je-i-^b J^J^' Lf^ -^^* Lf^ii 

JVlj jljii (^^J ~;^Jij_rJI ^ 6ja-i-a ;Li\^j.=i^ <a^_»_A ^ "l mil pl t\ t ri'Vt Jj t ^J) ^ 1 ih Jlj 



t-^jij-^) «-»L!J .(p-U /I 'Vj f-f^O ^■:*^ ("^^^^^^ V^ S^^^' LT^ 4jr*A>^^ C-^^ fv J n i n e ^^^iX, 

. v\o /"^ ^W* ^^U ^^ ^J ^"^ /^ ^^' ^j^ (^) 

TA /N ^Ij^l ^ Jtixj (T) 

« \ £ » 



Ulj J>jl ji ^L^l Jj-5 j^t ^ JJj V OV dljj .^.l^Vi > <t J.^ i J..^! 






jjj A'^^oii Ja1 ^ u^Vf ,^-^jU «p(jiJ! ^^j-cde-Jf <h\ s^ oi ^^j oi c>f^ -A?^' ^ 

^U^^jlj^l JLL.I Jj-iJt^>oUI>4JI i^L^Llilii ixlitjLLiL: l^j^Mi iLuAij^L 
^ 1 --.^^^ ^ SjLc ^ A^ .mIU^j duj^i j^L.^ olil^ ^^ ci^j^l j-AJUjj *<li-i£. pe u* J^"0 - 

^Lu.1 ^j L^ <!^jtju, f-^j^j <-ujJ^* f^ H*^' ->e*^ fj^x^iu^ uUj jlj ^j *u^j ^ji^ftll 

Lu ^Ij <^>Ltt 0^ jl^a ^_jiA ^I^VI <iLl.j JjiiJI .jJ:^ ,>xi»:^5 Sj-^l Jj Jo.> i^SiC. Ux 

"■r^ S^>-uaJl A^ Oj^c JAJ <-ii ji"w.j j^ ^ <Ul Vt .&ji» ^j^ ^j^^ J^^ ^-^^J Jl^ a' ^-^ 

Jl >uJI ^ 6^1 l^U ^\a1^ >cI c^tj jijJu Jl ^LuUI ^jk di)> <fjlii <i5^l (^ <L^ilf 
<i^^ j£, <x.LkA:!j J^iu Jl JLjQ\ >ua jju S^^ U^ CA^or:. Ujaj j^L^l l^.Ui a!^ 



. N i^ -^ ^^ uhj>-^b qHi>--=-^* oULjLj aa -^^ qo>.a-ii) ^\j^ ^ ** ^■■" >j^ >^ {^) 
.rrr /y su^ii ^j sv »\ /i sij^i ^uSj tva -yva a ^^^'^^ f^^J 



J^ j-Jb ij Jj*8 ^^ylc 4LA4j ^^1 iii^^it i.Uj t Ij^f j» \'\ ^j jJ I j_A *-^j .<rt Ml ft <]1, rti ft t a1 U^ a 
Ul iaUjj wM ^'^J^ -Jb-*:* tJi^U *u-»lj-4-ia L^-iij JLa-a L^jJ JjLoaa <] .JLtU* fl Lie 6^.1t in^ ^( Mi*stl 

J)^ ^-t^' *^^ 4-aj^! it Lo-L Jj.£*. J J>-a dij Laj i*Lsk;^j^j (^ j ' ^ » I ^^-aJil jLajwI J>a *Lx_o-i-u LaJAJ 

cUj j^ j^L$I-i-ulj «Gc J4I a! « jIjaII ^Ljlxjb <jII^ (^ <:=»— ilj ell J jLjI oj^la ^iii ^o^^if o^ u^ 



.r>T -Y\N .ULdl^Ux (r) 

«^oV)> 



Cy^j ^ j-^ j] < jlj l^^jj^j ^LL^j ^ijxJuj j^jll ^I^L J^l j^i u.^ ^\^ 
^:^\ .Uaj <i3i^i oUl^ „^^ ^j ,sUJU sij^b c^>U( > c>^j^ o^i^ ^.^^ j{^ 

^^ 0^ ^l« :J^ ^ *^^^^^ ^s^u^^J^^J^LJ)l\J;J^J^\J^l^^ ^iS cu^ 

6 tj^b ii^M* *',A^U <iaLuij coJ o^j jlj^IL <^ oju^j Jyfi, a <:)j .^Lu^l S^.-M ^ 
jlil^lj <u^^ ^ ^ ^y:ij iXuLl. <^l^j <j^^^u- ^t;! c>"^ *^*>i' J >i^ ''^.oL^i* :>^V 
<iIU^ L]j <1 ^j <^ 6j^ Uj ,6ji^j 6 j^i Uj .^ U£ <b :i^) U I4I6 J>^ L>^l <^ljj ^ 

JL^MJ L^-iU. l^^ oUJ> 0^1 OL^ijliliS -^iJLUIj P^LaVlj o^j^' t>^ cUol^all 



. YVA -YVl /V ^LjV! ^>.iiivj AV -A% QJ:J>=*^* V^^J^ >** (>) 

r . \ ,,^1 jj^j rrr /x su^i <ju (y) 

.Ai -n^ .i>ji b^^ ^] j^ V /I sijji ^Li\j rrr /Y su.^! 4ju (r) 

Mj\r /i i\jj\ ^Uj .YVl /V.LjV1 ^..^^j YYo /o ^UVI oLij J^; (£) 

« \ oA)> 



9 ^ ^ ^ - 

Ijjb Ab\jt o''^'':^ cv-^*: J^^ cJljJ! ,^>Je^i o^ ^-*^ J^-^ j^^* cjUjI ^»^-ii^ J-^ o' ^^^-^j 

O^ Lola J^^aHI ^^Llu :JUj ,^n<^<4 IjJJlB f<Qc jAii ^i <^^^3 jLo^l ^>=^l ^ IJU (_^ 



.1 /I siji^l 6Ub V 1 -vr c^^i >ii ( ^ ) 



.Ifjolluiij otjail oUL ^(j ^LLIj^^pjuuii V SjSlaj Lj5 <lUUi. 

filjMl <JI oiuJU A^LuaJI ^ <^LllL ]Jajj J^jjj Ja^j J 7^ I ■til ^ j\^j «*4J1 ^>a. lj[j<A-h Uii 

^ <„nt , fn A \ 1 ri^ C^L^j .i<<^Jic Jjjj Jj.^1 ^t <.l *nS t Vj <U^ <LJ J-^l J-aJU ^ li^tLu ^^l^jJl 

IIU. jl£ < n li tr jV ^uu^l ^^joSJl i>^l «tjljill (^^» *^ta^ tj-a 6 J-wOtJ j-g--ii1 ^ ^ji' JM^Lc 
^L»i jj i nH 14^ J>j^ UjjXuj J ■ A ^, J ^>o^ 4_^LaJLl dikUj P^Vl ,^>JLa^ J . rm 1 V ^jl$3 
-<£.jAkil 4 -^..I'ill ^ J[jVI *^>?Ji 4-oai-o j^ pla. jIa ^iufG ^jIj LoI ^* .<k, «^jAi pIjaII L^jJc 
4-Q-ii.j ~^\jil\ jLj J^ tj:^^ ^J^j Ji^ ^^^ A>Lal ^^IjJJ) ^j^l-«-ft ^ll^ H&» IcjU^I <jlj^j Jxui 

*LA^>ajc.j SjjljJ.i <^fp'>5j jjjjJI <d]i wtLl^ ^yi 5jjU^' c*>tl^l ^tx*^jjj ^_^i*j culi 4_y^i fc»uSJI 



• ijlal L«aA tjljill ^\j£-\ J^Mio :4j<rtillj 

.i/i5ljt^l6U (r) 



4 

.UjaJjjKli.jVlj4JUlHj 

^ <ui U Jc S.Ljj t5>-e ut^J "^^ J^ ^^ V-hJI i^i*S c> U^ C->^ >- ^j^ c^j -jJI 

S>- L,5»x ojL^ ^1 oUll--il > 6Jtl-l o.U U ^.l>ll W*-S.j (^b 'U*^J 

.^jiiuiyi,^yiii<ii*i 

^^>\ii uailol^jJL^^'jG-^'^^^-*^^'^'"^' iiA,,^j.-»x.Y 
^^ iijiai ^jJi ^t-. > ^^ c?ij ^^^' J^^' > ^^ ^ *^'-^ ^J '^^^'^ 

syU^i^VbV^bc^^:^^^^^^^'*^^^^^'^'^"^'^^'''''^'*^-^'-' 

^1 Jj^i ^i^ ^^^\ oi -^ ^t-il-"J .^ <^ Ul J-« <-^ ^J <^^ C-3' 
. ^^, L,^^ oU,. ^-^1 ^ ^^b ^>ilb ^^b ^-5-^' ^Jbl <e^ --J ^^ 

-^ ui>-, <i-^b>^i li* a>-i t^j ^ ^ ^^ ^^' ^?^' ^^^ "^ "^ ^^^ 

^ I'.L^l U>k,lUul ^1 ^^h ^L^l <^:^^ J>*-' >-^ '^>^' '^'^' ^^*^' 
^U.„ L^ V, i,:i^b ^>-lb ^>-^l ^ ^ L^^'J ^ ^' '-^'^'^^^^' 






L^j n iVtj I () f^J^J *— 'l-^i^^ SjLa (^jl^ (I^/UlIuj ^^ifl til iai <7iillj ^ jSLaJ I ^i^'JJ <jLwj_« ({Jjlj^f 

^d"^! (j*Jl^-a j|j)i A-% j^^Jfc ^^' p^ j tAiflj aJj < ( Ar^ lfl ^jjjjLu p^LoVl jic ,v(j 1 r> aai.j <jl /i ^ j^ JoS 

jjL^ ^ii iv-jiju ■ '"J f^ JL-o-a.1 j3c. (^ij-iil ^^Lall i-jLiSi 9-[ A Mil l j^jJ ^jJc OJ-jujI LaA p^^j-tXi 

.ye, ^<^ 't^ <ij!ilLol JLk <-ii .^^ti ^i^^f^i ^"'^b *'^ (^pV^rirl \jL:. J/l t>^j .«i 5o '^ H <ic ^'t< Ui j 

! a ' if J f A ' n \H rci^Ai L^tj <J>..abiii n'i Cj4 ><r%j IJ-^J vcilj JJU j^uj3>»la1I ^LaJLu Qt^^U j^^Vi L^ . .«. A %i 
Ij j.^oa d-yl . ..'."...I Jj(£ Lajjj &j£ii — ^jJC-j q; ft fti1.o —(^loll aJlJ J-aj ^ <uV <iii5 <l- a ^ti'^ OJvSj 

^^Lc^1j<u^j^iju>5£.^iia0-^^ VI j>uujyi <-j^^jjLjj jijjj^i j-i-a^^^ ^^^ 






JloAJ 1 j]'^ J 1% jl^ vtu-:*. jioi-OJ ^^J^i^l t^jJ^ <1aJ (^ <iJ>A jLfJUL^i LfJAj ^2>* tl>t^ C5^' JI>*1 

9 Lq-mJ( ^-i ^jj-icj^ i>*-* i^^laJ.) j<i oiu cuLS (^i oLiLaJl 6^^ *-o *<-AA>L-uVI L-ijjill 6JJb 

j) ^ iJJt .<lijjjj <fcLa^ (^>=^^' oUl*Jl ^> l j^^7"< O^J^ <^:iLol ait jL<u^UJI Jjl^ ij^j 

a>*b^ (^Lillj ( faj-i^ U^la O'j^' jj '" ^" (^ <*lj.ilt.*»l ^j^j (_>«lji( ^_^ '•^^ j,l£^>a^l ^ 
C^j^i l.:ilL L4J ^1^1 jL^ (^' ^LjbJI 6lA ji>^ (^ ^Vl ^1 ^j jj-Jll u^j^^l 

lift Sj>^^I j^f fiA ;^^IaU6 ^jujj ,^XA^ ijA ^^jLliVt ^2>e J^(^' 6J jnl"> ^|j <JI Jj-*-i Uil 

Cj^ij-^-^ o^ <lL^j^ ^ bb *^b'j *= 'j-^' >^ JA^ Jj-^i Jl«e (^^' >*J *^jl^\ *-^ i/* ^>5^' 
j^lj Vj! ^'ijJll j^=J <-fti J-xj cVj *<jj-=>^l oLluIjJI ^-^j «Lx-4A^ <l2w^;^ ^^J <ilj^ SLx^ 



A -XT)) 



^j *<ai UjrjJ? ^_^l 5jU) ^ ^c_ui:il aii (la «bLs^ .^G ^^ «Lju:il ^al( pi^l ^^l* Ul 
l^Jjt^j WJ--W Oi^j-jjj i^^jjJiJ' yLi^l oU] jjni^" ^ i^ jl a" ml ^1 <-4j^^I 4j>ilil ^jLfcVl^ 

^LaoA.! j\ ^JM ^fc^ ^cj-wajj^l t<GlpljS ^ 6pI^ ^j'Sfc . n"^! j! <jl^j iJb6^' U^J t^^itf*^ ^JJ 
j\ <JiJ>i' *LaK J t III a" jl (^5^>jU t,f^^*-o ^J-*^ 1^ tfU ^^J^'i I in d-5j *<fV) <Uic JjL* Laa L&J^j,2k^ j] 

JV I » J S I jV i L^ 1-c ^_^ Ljbj^jli ((^ j] I » J ft^oli » ^ IjJbLi ^^-jj'j ^-^ '-^=^ b cr^ ' c^ 
y^^ ^j nrtmH Ciji^ (^.la. *^^^ ^^-^^ O'^^^J f Jf^^ Ciniirh LT^li 

^' Jl^-^J te4-*'^ ' 'jJ^ LaS tWA^UIj *wiIVn> ^a^^ jJtj «,JaAb ^^,fc*n't ^ja u-**^aJ I LAULi ((Jbtfli) i^jJEiJUi 
J.A4aJ jjjuiij ^^^ j4^^(5L ftl:a>.l JjjJl ^jJ>i) Jj^ i ^.%fs lu SjLuuj djuXaJL Ua J^J-^^ JAi 

ujjAj ^i iu*sl{ O'^J ■'•" «^1^L —jn-t i^i -^ </>! L :^1 « IjA^^ilU dliAi8» fj5 <Jt cjjI!s J>j Jjj ^3*^ 



pU. U dij JIL. 3ey I ^12^1 oLl ^ ojjj <e>=^ y^'>^ lP^ -^^* i> *^ ^^^^^ ' t^Jii *4^ 
sIjo^j i^^AA t^iAj iJuSa c^jii* t^ ojtt uii ^ua ^j 

:oJj-^ ^j *'«aJj d ^ dU 'l^t Ol» *^^ J^ t^^'j .«o.Aiii cuj^x^ ^Uwt jj»> :^j^ 

JjL^ J Vj c«^ 6^1») >2^ Vj ((6>^l ^ ^ <ilt a^ 0! 'Jb-^ *t>^->^' J^ v-.>.^J.l 4-6XiI^ 

^L^i ji^j <«Lj.-^ Uj ^t: jjl>) J^ j! U^i^ ^p(>=J* v'^^ U>*^^ «v^l» 0^ 



/r ^ r Jk >li .(So-^l ^j S>^! .S,>-a^l ^-.^ :jl^^b ^al>?.Vt c^l^Ull ^jm-1- 

.(jIjaII (_^ia-o (>a IVY 



'^^l t^ *Jj'^' ^dF^* k^-^^^ ^ >iuiIU ^Ul:^Vi > pl>lf ^ IjIaj ^'\ .«<bi*: j^iJU,, 

•Ls^^V <i-^j V^* i/^ c^j-^i f^^f cA f^* <e^-.r>,iM Lu* <-u sjjIjII ^j ^y^i ^ijui 

(.iji C^?^j L^J^Lk > <^>^rpljVI ^j^j Ur^j^ ^ <o^j^^ cr^t^»-* ^f>^ alA 

J>A ^>»i' i3^ JjtJ La i utl rit ft I n I M J I \j r-j^L ijl3 J^ Lil-ij-o <<_i_x-ojjjc j1 <JLC^L j1 4-uj-wa 
Sj^Lb j! ^^;_^ ^ilaJ <iw^ jl S^^^-iii^ <is.*iij^ (1^) Jj^Jl Jc Jjj Ljj <j^ jI L^yui dikt^ 

Sjjfj SJjjU. <ajI ^ J:?e^' <:^i t^j Lii 6j-x£ jl ^>*-Ji ^_^ jl «Lk; dia^aJu Lm Lftjoi. ^ SjjJj 

f^^* J:^^ j' ^o**^' u^ ^'^J j' ^L^uuoLj'^ Jb-^1 v>> <jic JaIacI L <K dJj ^^ Ua.»-feulo 



.^<^UJl (T) 



Liilj)> :J[5iai 2-*A5^' '-^ ^u-ftL-aljLlj sJUl lo^ JjJaIj dllj jju ^^Ljj -eUJ (jic Lwi L^LjIj 
Jil53j ^IajVI ^^I jjui, ^ ^V (4^^ tJuLLaili i<^\Jk ^1 ^Lla^ Vj 6LSju> '^jUll JfAj 

<U-6 ^^l£j Vj ^-JuuVI (jjb A^ V t^V «^j j4-j-uL yr ^ uO> :4ij-i ^ OJ-ijfj (aLa*-* ^^ fj( J '*^t l 

,_i^ <.^^j ji v-jj-iii^ ^1 J:^ua J;^ <ui i^t; Jxi JS pljJul S^ «4iJI p..ir» :J[5^ di( ^jii Vl« 

^ «^V I » ^j Jja^iy I ^j-aJ I *^la. L4J Jit j^ I aIsIS aOfi «■ "^ -^ *j «<j A^ifl^jjil w-S JuaJ I * ^ '<^ 
^^>^ ojIj aij») :J>i*i 6j>^jll <^»^ L^-uaii 4-^1111 J^ ^ky^ uil^ L^ ^j jJblj^ w^^mub 
<ul»Jj <dJjj <1ajjlI «^iuuul)) JyA «Q|U^lj w_fliVI)> uijaj Jjl ^Jl * tA^I (o^ <Ciijji-o Ajxjj i^tjSJI 

^jjt Lew La.1 Tn t .J L^j ji*.! Sj-Alkl L*(>t| Ls^^ g^ . Aj aj «iiUj aic J! ^1"^ ^ V J^jUll ^jL 

:iLa)) :J>ft-ii cLij j^ (j^^ LoiUi <\\ -% i ft ^jjJ! ^^l£j oLUJl <LUi oU ^ <Uj ^Ij-^ ^ 

^^ ! ^ <) * ft ■ '» La \j^ * lnij^j LaJ| aSLsJ I II4I ^j^JslI j_yi Jjfcj .«<11 1 a-i-u I » ^ ««i Lil f » ■r-'^*^'*'" 1 
Jj-o ^>^) LfL^I ^jt ^ 1 ^j4^"t <^JaC LfJl ft»" < rt l j^ oIjLaC ^_ji ^j-a. ^j-a j^l ^a ^ ft J -^ J-o 

v-4j^f ^^L^ (^ jJl-^ L-oj» '.Jj^ *lUaIj tdri-^'ill » (^:>Jtill r^l^LLuaV I ^ ^^ft <iM La jJij — 4_J1 
:J^iii jiL^iaJI < ij o r nj La^ - ^a i ^-sl J ^^^^J JiaJLI t-M^lj ^LJia.V( (JJi ^ Aj-^1(Mjj irrj-v <^tlj 

^Vl pljlji jL>^?-fi Ijjlf ci'f^Mtj V «pLJI» ^V «4J1I Aj^» jjs lJJVI (jij^ Uu( :JjLi JIS jLfl)3 






dij .^j JU ^LaJla^Vlj .^Liiij IsLILluVIj JiSL^ilj ^jjdl ^ AJ-A VJ*^ LT^ JL>-*^ 

^'^ tA? 3f*; ^-%^ ilA^ ^t^il^ j^ ^^>LL^V) jjj Li ^ ^2i^ <jla£ ^ ^^] Sj>^ ^^>ju 

.«^^ij JIJi)) j^j_xi«<jl d4_=J)» ;J[^^ ^.4l6j«4JLI a-A-aJI» J>J4 0^ ^^fuijii<ll jl-q^I» 

jj-^ « J j I rt n » j^ LaJf ^iJJiij ij^ «aA=JI» ijjiu <JtLi ^,u<*>'> J^ LoLi*) :J>ixfi wt>aJ! A.^L^ j_fl 
J I ^!ilSl ^3-* *^ (^ i-fil^A {J:^'*^ «V^-^** V->^^ 'jL>^ ue"^' f^:?^ '\^^* *;>^^J -^J^^ ^^ J>S 

<a*Jl ^_^ Ci^^ <-J^ 6jJb :JU <iU « J-aaJi» ^ ajljlln ^_^^i^ Lftlj«<dJf JLtj)> j«<il! cJLiu^» 





(^) 


.y-\/s oijiii ^u. 


(^) 


.r <^uji 


(^) 


. 1 U^ftrflhiA AJ^^^AjU 


(0 


-V^ wia 1 <r^ Sj^^juu 


(») 



A^A, 



lj^..<a «Jjl)) Jla 03.1^1 ^^i\ ^Ji pUn"^'; jS C^ij^^^l b-i^JL3 *^^^^ l"^^ ^^^ j' rSj^ 

^V! JQi! t>ilji ^U y:^'» *>»-flj ue*^' '-^b .f^tc^f > c^^' J^f u^ o^ «JW'« 

J\^ ^\ »J, .n't I g^>a,inr. d^lj JJbLia IIa ^ g^^J «^>xit ^^ ^ *L4-t-*Lf LaJ «^^jS^)) 

/'LUI»>^tlI U^j-A^CAi>^'<> Uj-.^j«U-ll>>j«^j« :^>«aJVl» jij>A^ «Vj^^ 

JiA <jIjS ^ l^ V^ ->^ '-° Lrl^J *^i^' *^ (A *'->*'' -«**^ '■^-' 
:l^ S_^ j^l ULUiijc (_^l <toVl »i» i> lil jt.uijl ji} 

^1 .(3 ) ^1 J;c S^I>Uc^l<i.lj^ JVxi^Vb^e^jIllj cj-^L cUI^ ,^>i. <:i -\ 



.Va^UJI (T) 

.^.4^^u=ai (^ 4^><u-i- Wai s>fib o^ ^^^^ (r) 



.:illc ^:>^i^ <Jj^^ <k ^ j^lj wJo::^ ^> <jVI (^ Sjjl^f ^1^ J^t ^..iVnuj <Li! -X 

.^_yi.*-aVi ^-v^-^ l l L>1q ^j L^ <b Culrj fJjVl ^ȣaJ! I^j c>^aAij5 (jlnj <*Aillo 

Jj^ '( U/n Mr A j-oL-JI jl ^jLaII LfJx «Lil_i Sj^^koj <-jL-aaJlj <-aLc aK->.1 A_i-ojj ^kl^j <Gi —A 

jJij «^ -^j<^4 6Jjia-6 S^,-u£ JJfel^^ ^ ^J3^ \U ^^1 fuj^l jS.M^ Ja Ajji. J-a jl ^-uojil 

^^ U-* <£ J^ " 1 <Jlo!j ?^M^iiJ! j^>»Jf jJLwJi Jj-a oLif 1j (CiLiVf ^,>ajui SjJt.lo CjUIjSj tjJjAil 

.<b j^Loj ^j » . .^fl <G! Vj < jLii Jtl-a ^ cs^La^ a1 ojjiafj <^jjuuiJI a-&lj-iij! aIa 'Ziji^ wjjlH 

6jlj Lx ijAxjj ^L.uSl\ \ (^ n \ \ "\ i ,t \ ^Jxll q I ^i k i ^t l ^jAaj t^^^^ J) , j ^'^l l 6JJb ^^ <,Zt M u )j-i-2w1^ 

j^j-^j-0 ^i «p I^T^^'^ jkO-^Ju-ulj «^j_c*ajJ( ^j«sJ!)> J JjLiJLl «SSjVh) .^J^x^ J-Mftl (_jlc i4_ii «Jjfc» 

^^^i^ ((jjlj^f ^^L*-A)) f Ij-ii' k_jLL!i (j-*> (.^J '^\i Ui,\(j W1I I ulj qjjuflj^l LaJia-x-aauA ,A&. ^[,,1 n'^fl 



<ei cul£ lit ^Vi.>^ i>- oi^j '>*Ji ^J^ ^^ "^^^^^ >/ ^'^ ^^' *>^ ^-^ '*'~^ 

.^js ^ U>^ US «a)VI,. L^i c^ 5>M- c^l^ JJ U^"^ "^^ c.*^' '=^~' •"'^^' 

ib al^i r-j ^ ^ ^j" ^'-^J •"«^^» '' -^ f^ ^^i» j«ii> ^v>-^u» 

^ JU.VI ,ji-u ^ .-4-. .^11 ^j ^lie -H^ I J^ t»J •'^^ ^' '> ''^->^^-> '*^^^ «^ "^'' 
:cell liA a*. Jli L.S C\^ jlS JjVl ^ ftjji o-^ U^ »ii=^ c«> :,lj 

^i^ ^ :^ H '^1 -^■>^' ^ ^=-^' '^ ^ ^b .f5»^b >^' ^>^~^*J 



.YM ,I>3I LijSij 



^ wij-:^ Cul^ ^je^ ^^'^ ^-^ ^b -^jW^ '-^4^ ^LfiLjU Scl^lj «wiJVl» r>laJ «J>A-iLxi)) J 



.N.^jiiliil 


0) 


.N> Jj^Vlj SAjJill 


(^) 


. NT ^j^ Sj^j NV\ pl_>x^i ^ LS 


(V) 


.\l^lij^jAV^,:^\^l£ 


(i) 


■^ -^'^ /^ o'ji" <^1*- 


(») 


-A, «,r.1lj YI^L^i 


^') 


.VN ^UiV! 


(V) 


.TAV/roijSJi^l^ 


('^) 


.YAY/r^ji^lj^U^jOii^l 


(^) 


TAjS^iil 


0-) 



NVYj 









(0 



.\T jliii^t (V) 



Nvr„ 



oLVI (^Jt}j 3^'jJ ^-^I lilij 4_j^ ij'-C-lj . .« < ^t < A lj ^ 1 t i J f » J «ajLj Jjj» J « i _. u , rfa lj aA)) j «a^L^ 

:4ji^iMj1 

rt,u.A!^ ^^^^1lu[ <j| ^jOulj ^ -^1) S"I I ^j,<aj tyx\}\ J^ 111 *- "^'* ' J,S,a ((^Ijjul ^Jut-a» u^^^LujI Ldl 

t^j] Jc JjJj ^44-^ <fri(]fi"n<il lg-L5 ^jtjkJj<i^\f> op^-fi <(»ljjil ji^jij a} t2/-iL)ul yj J>o <ui »oLij 

Jjti («jLSJjj-uj i^LjoiJ ^jt ^ji-^j^ f*l*^ I^J^S La(j .<LLia-u j3 *^^ ^_^Jc n" 1 n a I ^41 m l 



4"\U ^ QjujTj 



.Y <jLjm (r) 

ji^( ^Liu^ J%5 ^*uL^'' cu^ lA "^^^^^ "^y J^l^ ^Jix^ ijl ^jj^M-cj X'K t>^^i (o) 

.r sj^....!) (V) 



,^J<.^^\ jl j^ jJI» :lJll Jji JJ.J .l^^ -ij cl*i^' <^ :oJ5 cii ob ''^^ J^ i> 

<;l^U. ^ ^ ^j.'V^ J^J '«-^^'» t- '^ L. Jill oV Y'» <:J- J-^ >-ilVl i^ 

.'''LeII SjLiVlj l^ jUliVI vM«^ 4>^ 



•^"■**s 



U^j o2>^j <i>^j <^ sjLc ,^ d5 ^oijiJl ^L*." v"^ ji f-^ ^ j-li.:i-i 

;ij > ^^1 ,5>=.j .f^UL jl^l uiil' ->»" J'^b c--^' ^-^^i >^^' -»' ^-^i^' 

}l j^ ifM-^-.-l oUlU,^. j.1^^^1 <uk v"^' u^ 'Jb <il^l J^ ^i^^^J 'Sj-^ H"'->- 
oU^i »ii» u^ ^jj '^id^> ^b'^l ,,^ .lie ^ oU^I ^ ^^1 *^'J •^^^' ^^^ 
^>j .oLVl J-I>i .^y-^- --Lii ^ UjiV ji , L^ J^l U^ jV ji L4^:i-i^ ^ <iV 

,^ u j^ ^ .y^ H ^"^ -^^-^i "^ V '^ ^-^'-' ^^' '^' *^ ^i^ J^^^ ^ 



«NVa» 



-Sj^lUjSJUU <ui. j^ ^ ^^j ,<'',(^|^ 

V ^j^» .1^1 JU :JU „ \L^] j.^1 ,^^,> 4j^ VI '^^ jj :JL5 „ UiLi Ij ^...^^ 

^ dJu . U .>il j^l ^ l^j^ U3^ V dlj j^j <ru«il ^ c^Li. j.^ oSj 
-t-^l -^L^l ^ dji c..^ ll>*.^ <:^lj Jji uLS oli .LJI oljj > Jl^ Uj., :<>5 
..UL 4i^j <J^! ^^ <w^ f^^,^ ^^(^ j^l ^^^ ^1^ _^^^J_^^ ^ ^-^^^ ^ ^ y^^ ^^^ 

t-j i^ u"i^i Oii^-^i jh-h 'Sje^ AAij^ s^UiU ays. js, .*''« Ue^^ ^u. Vj i^u. 

> VI ^Uu ^Lu^lj . I>llj .<:,J^ Sj^l Jjilj .„ JuL,, ^j «a^i„ ^^^ V .-JLS, 

* * 

.rA-ro<*5i^) (\) 

.^Y•\-^YaAu^JSll^^U- (Y) 

.^•^A/Y^JVl<ilJ>i.Jil; (T) 
ro£JY■^YJY^■\JM^J^\.\J^.o/^^J^^^_^l_SJ,.,^l_^^_^ ^^^ 

.Y.^/^>JJ^u- (a) 

. (rv^ .!>]! 1^3 j.t) 0^ SU; Y a .!>!] ^^|j ^^,.^1 (^) 

«^v^a 



. if^n 1^41 Jj-o J.aLc Jxil j^Juali ^ iftfljlr t^ttAJI 

Loj)) '*U^ 4-^ '^.oJbjl Laaj .<1a ucLJ))) lui^Luj^ I4AJ6 JjLftll ^j^l jij ^t^i-zurt^j < 1 1^3^ ^^ ((^l^l)} J 

.^jA« Laui dJj Liu S$j 1^JL4 



AT ^1^1 (T) 
^No pLoAil (T) 



,-..,.1 L4^l Jl ..Sli., ^ oUJ dJa :..j .'^'. l^>^» :<■ l>-^l» J-'*^ C^LJL .l^iU O^j 

ji, ^ijjVi > j^ssi >di:iS Ubj^.^ atiij .^i J^i^ij -i^' ji^ s^ 3'>U '(>^ V 



~^J ^J^ 



«.U,. -. cJ-j «c5J» l-Hi-' "^"j" J "'^" ^^ ^l ^^^ *^^^ '^^-^ ^^ 



.C^^^^l ^OJ^I y>^ crveijSJI ^ »l>il OtS I^J -^^^ 



^^ N NV /A J.^1 C^J ^U /N ^l^r.> ^-^l' C^-3 --111 cr^ J^ 



(T) 
(0 



».\VA» 



fSj-^ ^ It ^ ' • <1lju jIj .(.^Uju^ w^ji^^i (JUauIi j^jli (_yJjM» 'JJj J>J j ^J'^J ,2>;* Oa^I ^^UAJi jjI 
<li_u oLo j^ia* La^Jj i^f^J o(,>Ju-u ^jl Aj^aC-j <lI Cjj^j^ <JjLaJ ^jtll' f.ifJ 4 ntfl'il jjfc r^jl ^j 
a ^UVU <Iiiljij iSxil La Jj! (jtSIj ,(|^yjLcj £j itir CiJ-u <jj-u ^-fi AjLUIj <aj»j-*|l oils .-A T^ \ 

J I O "viii jJj . i (j h^-^ VI « JjJ-sJt)) ^ <ll.. t .ijb, o 3^* f4i V^' J^ I j t , Mi i.i «ff> jMaj L^J^ pljilll (Jjl i.i. aii 

P ij^;iU ^jilL^j 'J-^^ (^ t^^^ U"'j ^^-^ '<^-f!j tjjjij it i % \\j 4„i , n n LaJi 3l5 ^ > "j ^ J-*5 ^' ta , fl -^ 

j^Vll w^ (^ *,.>:^-^ l>f5 '^ '" ^'' L^ ^ '->^ ^7*^-3 pLoi«Jf (^^ 6lji ^J-^^ U^ ^J*^ (j-o <J J .^,. i -*.u 
Vj j^^LtAil ^* j-^ " ■ .. ^ Vj ijOj^^,'^^ w.t.A J ft aJa-J J>Sj aJj» :<Ui J-iS A^l. nt oj il^j-uo^l k«»jS ^^^Jc 

Jllj *>:^lj SpI^Ij w^jVtj <JLill (^ <j^\jj\ ^\j ihJL=J\ ^^al$ jl^» :JLii 4ilJjj j_^j>il( 



o^j^ij ^'vv-^o« c^^:j>^iiU c^;>=*^* ^^V=*j *^'^-^^ c^.>^r^ij^^<^j2 jiiis (\) 

r^A -TM /\ SM hJ^j AV -A1 /N j,U.^) oUj j N ol -Ntr /Y .LjVI 



. a h ^ I J uCiUtjil! ^\j£.)>j ((ottljili)) ^U£ l4aa *-flJlj <Glclji.^^ ^^'j *^^^^J *o^j^^ ^.1 * \> 
;> ^v "^M r i ^ flail oLiia. ^^1 A-iUja.! Ll^ .^aa. wiJI <iU j-Q.^ «Gl J^j <(;;^a^( oUl^ J' 

^j^] ^j f. Ijill JiiA^iU jaJI ^ ^J>li >a^ij <jl1JI ^J*j L^ Jjjjj ^j^' ^^-^ olilai ^^Vj 

5^^_jJlLI ^ ^j 6Sm ^\j j-*^ j^] ^j ^^ Cg '^J ' ^'^ ^ O:;^ "r**^ t^J-^ t^J*-*^^' ^j Cf^U 

,/'« Lbu j^^liu -,;^l ^!iUf( ^>6 ^1 ^H:^i CjjIj Ub il^lo -G^jc J*j jljij «^Uk J,t Jlu^ 
<LilijA£, ^ -U-a^ A^la (^jV^f <ijS!ul. <»Jtjj l^l£ ^^jll f-\Jil\j iLJ! (^J Jli ^^ (j^tc 

U,> :J>ie-^ ^^f (> uL^e a'^ <i1 <^ C5JD C?*^' (-^ ^^^~) (/^'j^^' ^' 6^10^1 ^ <-iic 
JJ j>-o ,3£-. JjH :<-i-i Jj-ij ^^Jil >ftj <*tUfi %j <L-ak Sjl>ju <Ju «SliA ^^ ^^LxjJt Li Li dale 



«NA*» 



0:* j^ Je'j J-*-*^"^' ^^iiii-VI J;LiiL« ^ ^^j^jl i .ij^ ^ O' M-^I I ^!j ^La/>^) jL^-^T^I ^i^l* 

Q;Wj^w=uJI .^jo^ jj^ <Ulc jiial Uj wfjjJf jLjui»l ^jjsj <iil! ^jjl^ ^j^J 4^J^^ J^*^' ^-*^ tj-* Ufl'\ 

LuwSVIj JUJL JjaJI <-*3Lj ^l^L <Ilii J,! ws>^ «Gjiille j1 (wU! jl J^U g^Ul-vVi ^.tiKlj 

^^j^ Jo j.fl'^ A ^ <G^yiiki Leu I ( J J I f jl ^ ttn r . i Vtj Qu_i-ujljil ^^ Lbj-iiiJj '-o-f^'jU **J^J '^' J'j^^ 
^... ^rt-^ft ^ ._jI^! J^ fj-it ^>^' J^f^^ Ul^ _A t^\ <L_u ^jS ^^la. JJjl j^j ^jlio 2«wilj 

ju-L-aII» :<j5jlI]Ij <jj^i:iil <jI^ ^>f^* i>> j'^j •f^^*^*^' v^ U^^*^ <j^iJJIj ^jiijjSlI oL^ljoK 



((U^) 



S^^jL^fc ^ ^j fti-jLu f^juJil ■% ft)) ^»^J-ui^ 01 jU ^^1 <Li^La»-o Lliil C> i'^J (_j^' <LiaS a-A i J^ 

jij «<-ii ^J^j*(t ft III L<ui >*-'^(j O^J-alf t^l-»-aj jLi^Vlj 4jl11Ij jauJI J^ <aI^ ^_j-L ^^jl^ 

^>jL* t^ v3:?-^'^ JJ^ *iItJA5 .<^ij-a. J ^jljiJl 4a-a-uulJl ^ <-»^^J «wJ*J ^^jJLal)) <LLi aIa-w* j]ii 

jhija'.ri'ill pLoJjJI JI^V a±5^ c^* JJ^ u^ '-^ ^>f^ UfU J^j *L^JLax1«ujI J*-alj ti^jlw-LullI 

1 1 - -t-^ * -^ ■"' Lojui (iilj J^ ^jijjo-fl _'■ * -^ J ^ w'j ittti JLi-tu dUj£ ( () J ftj ^ ^ I l i ft \ t^LUj ^j^ pLl^ Lo 
<uawJju JjU^i^ill JoLJI ^^fAl»}\ ^^^1 dlJj^6lA wJju^^U^^J^jUII jIju L (^>e^j 

La^ -t^jjl V iJ^Sj ll*-a»J * J^J^ ^^:*^J **^^:^^'j JjJj-JI »-j'j^f (,n^J^ <4!iUa j_^ 4jlt-uVI JaAjj tjl 

^H»-iJl fJc ;ji ^! ^ f45 Jl-<^t (>^ J-^ U^Lllf^^l«a1^^ Jui.( Loj .i^ ULS^ Aiu 
«j^..,i,">ll jj aAa-«» ji « j-fti^»^ -i^b jb^'jw <S3j^ < j ^> o . ^ ^l2^ij . «<l* ^1 j;tS <*iifj 

^L^l ^! c^ Ujjll U /*'^ Xoi ^j2j <^ no <1^ oJj ^CAMi^* J>S^ o"^' -^^^ 



. N . /N sU^l <a*^ (V) 

«\AY,) 



.^liil p,>aJI ^_yi <jiLll< i Ml , -^ , 1 1 O'Iaj tlfiA A,Lu5l <jLua* g'^^^Ll Jja' 

f^*^ ^>^ J^ U^ u>**^^»-« <-a-i-*ajj JjVI <^3^' Cf^ ^ '>^' ^ ^ ;* '■ '"'■ ' A^^J (.5^*-* O^J '<-^J^ ^j^ Vj 
iiA J^ ^j r^LLljl ^ jl 'G^L^ JjJ j1 pj^* * ^ . /^ no ^^ i^^f^ ^ ^JJAl\ ^ clljj * < --^-^ - 

^^j t<i "> a 1 rt Cyy^-Luj A-tjt ^^ t^ La. jli dJL^ 1 Lof *^LuuJij j^^ytAUJI Ljijju ^Jluj *jl^ij\_iiiJI 

C ^.r >, j ,<. t i i^ 6jiala-Jl JiAJU pi < ciJ-a. j5ljL* ^^jja.Vl ^V tdljj ^^j^L^^ll apLciaJf ^^La^» Jla ^j^ jjj 
L^JlA \^j^jJiIxA «i^Ul ^_^Lauj» Lsl .({ Lo <ILi-uLa ^^ SjJiU-oi] p I, o'l.t.t I '^^^La^» <j t ■ "^ ^ 'j <Lii j^UiJI 

j^'Jl ^ ijj£,^ ^j^ La j^ Jl ^i^lM^*-^* f ^' C^J^ J>^ ^>:^ c>*-* C>^ ^>Ma>6 ((j rt.Aj Vj 
J>£: ^xf-lTt-tuj UjVj) Ci3^Jj &1j-a( cuJ-3». Jl <>:;f3^' J>j <0(j-ax, jLii ^ Jl)-*^^ -hH^ Or* J-*^J 
j j t^'iU *< ^j tn't Jl * jLXuf J«;i^l Uacfc Jj ((^L*JI Jjl t]^ jlj a! unfll j^ Jj (A^Laj^ 
JJLaJu <^LaJ.l 4la 4^>H '^i^J «^j--a4l jl ^4iL \ j] (_^llll ^c-i-ail Jx. ^lil^l J] »(5Af^ 

La Jc jjJxIlf j\ i>j\ini\j wjjJ^ 4jijj jf Sp 1^ *4^J^ j' *^l j^'Ma't ^ A^ j^^VI 6 JlA ij-^ 

Vi *Qa*^ rtJuuisjj Jjial>-uJ jlj (j_j^Li ^^j**a ^Lu j) jjj^ ^^ _>^3 jl ^^J^J O^jfi- i>» <i ^^J^ 
i>lS OJU JjVl i^nkU J-a ;iiJjj <J (^jlilll ^„i*-tf>>JI J>A Jjl 0>^ i^UJLI ut^l ^ (^'jA .^ilialJaL 
jjjJeaj I (i J 'Slhn J^a.! 4JfUj J (j'ljtj L^-:^ijjl Cj^ j'"^ '-^J ^AH^OLH 0-*J « J-xA-j-u a.!)) j-Juit Jc JjJa-o 
ftJuA OJU .LAj-^J I u't^j V jLjUii! ^2h* i (j jfl <iU Laj ;^>ua]Ij O^Lwj j-J^ 0-** ^bj ^ ^ .({i,^i* itj» 
.« (jki!)) :(5l Ylj<;Vij J^! ijL) -i Ijilll :^^ -'(^yoa^ Oe J-o^l ^Lail ^1 JUj)) Jli jL^Vl 
S^LkJ /jIUjtti ^^j-iA-a ^^ji» ^t ri^jaii cJt-i-j :^lj*:.V! ^1 JU :Jli j^LxJI jj! Lij <a o^ ^ ^j-^' 



^^^jl'ja :JU <JUJI jjI Ui ^La}\ jA L£ .d-«=^ Uj^l .6J^ii :LU5(i -U jil f^^ : I^U 



^_.~_. j^ x^l ^LuJI j,\ Ui . A«« U^l» :JLS ^ oUl OjjI cuJI li» ^^ Jjjb 

^1^^ J^j t*-=> JL3 o^j^ 0:. »>H« i^j -d^ 'f^ ^ ■^^'■^ ^ '^^ 'j^' "^-^ '^^ "^' 
V :<Jj5 .S^ U V JSi 0^1 >i :JLi» U>C Vj .l^I.^ Vj l.»- 'i ■■-■'' V» :Jli fi -MSlj SJ^^ 

.^0^1 ^^U1 ^UVI stai.lj ..-.^.All j^^l ^Ul j^l :,^*^-.VI JUi .,^^1 JU :u-M' 
Ulj .(P^JI ^J ^Cill .t^lj .La-^lj t,-^»^l t>ljtl J-^b '>^J' -^^Lh^ '=''^' -^^^J 
:Jlii l«:U^ CJ^ '\^i ^ oLu! <*.ji .^h -'J^ Ul •»'/! 1^! n ^^' J^l- ^ ^'^ '^ J*^ 
^ ^» :<lj5j . j-^-^ >*J J<^ -^^' «:*^ '>^' V^-*' t"^' -^ "->^' t*^'" ■*'-^» 

4il >_>il A^ 6^ >-^ 0^ t5JUdi -J^' U-b ^Sj^^l Jlij j^^^ :JU '''«^>-- l^l ^>' 



. Y (^^^-ftikil Sjjjw* ( ^ ) 

.rr^i^i (r) 



jj^[ ^1 ><^j^ u>^^ (dJxA L rcJii :JL2 f<UaJt ^ a[ tKII J2j jJ^ V <j| Jj^-axj^ j^^jt : IjJlij 
?<K J^l (^ 4JII <aJbjj ^Ul jt^ ^] j<Li;i Lai \cJaa :Jli :^ :Jlii Sj,jJf ^ ^iu ^UUI 
<Lill J I 8*1 111) :jLij «j-a-jlj dLji J-m3uS» :Ja.j ^ <Iji ^ ^^LaJI ^i Jlij . Jjl Uj tti oJI :JLfti 

.^■■'i» ft I 4jJB p I Jk_^,aduj <<jJlS Ji^jLuij AjJi J^,.,-rklr?hj <<^ 6 jl^jooij t<MA jlj-uij t<jLl2 <U^J <<-Lk e. ijujj^)) 

-«cAijS a* c^' -^ < JX4^ (^ Jl>=^f t^ <:^JJ 'V->*^' ^u^^l Ul :JU <:1 (^) ^( ^> ^^^j^j 

jx.^(5LI «^lj^ t^^^ J>^J ^ j *^ ^J '^i^j; <tli'i IMP L^IjLlC aI^ii ftj I (|t ft-^j f^,,^,h^jMO Vj t ^ nt -iojij 
^ *Ua:il£ ^^ La<[ . Lh J-3U Uj jLu Vj L4L-5 La^ JLuaHl L^ ^_^ j I JjLuu J fj.juJ j1 JjL-u 

f6JJb J;»« i'>n, ^ I ^jitj ... L^JoLiJl ,^j^>^ ^-jLa— a ;^,)»Uj C*Lj1 J-*5 bjJ^ju aJ La.* — La-AJ-XJ Laj Jj 
^^1 «S<G^,iti'\ Ljj 4iJI Oa^-Iw :(jJi Sj:a.lj SjLc Jj>kii ^j-ftoll Ijjb ^ Oui^^ j5j 4j>auJi JuL-J! 

^^ Vj <iolSaA oLt^*-e»>a j1 ^l.rtfln <-i'^\ ^ <iJ-^^ JjLuJLI <*JLa^ ^ v_JaJ ^J^ f^ 

<_ii J-^ Jjl lift 2"^ i'l^U" f.J Lj) VI <^j-*-aji3 j-u^j <1>4-*^ *^0U 2^' '^ Jt>^^'j i^J-a*^' 

:JiJ w^JjUi^Latlt^l LjjJwIj)) r^^i^l JLi .oUJl! i>jji ^J^ ^ Ijj^jil ^j-jlaJIj J^Uill 

*^>^" ^jli iAj-ali <IaUf: Lati)) :Jj)flj4 I4] JloJJ jJbijIail aJu *, J « rij ^ «#: tj^J <iitu ***-^*^ ^ii^^autj 



^^^JLfl »l5jifc (^ 7H i «<j J (j^^ 

:^aA» jLj ^ ^^j <AjJb t>jl o*^^ ( Jjj\>l( otjt^ aJili ioj^ j>jI caaj-uj :Jl5 
jIj^I J^ ^Jufe Jfi^j3 ilij^ ^3lA4j3Lui(^CMij(;^1 

:^ljcVt ^jji ^Jit/ilj :JL5 <HMi*Si<i*sll)) jl «4iti^it»^lL» ^ ^ o ■ nj 

i tj j.^<\ \ (Chilli)) jJbj.Sj^H^l LujLu*^tjL4^J^I aIAj :JU«4_>xi^l>)J«0^ -ULJ^J^i 
^j^ «4lij^L^» J «4^j-i^}> lu^J^ La£ 'Ot^^J C^*^^ (t^HJl t) >a£l l^JJ II* iJ>^*A; *J;^C- 

^k ^'>^ij Vj l^ijVi...i l^^U.^V J^<Ai U^l ^Lyjlj*l^4_>uUi]l ^kla^ c>*-^ f^ub 

.(^1^1 ^ jj^5 L^ oUltl i> <i5>o i^ .*iil^ 



.Ujju Loj AN J A* /N Jju^^Uwo (N) 

.^^v-^^^/^ ^^^u- (y) 

«\AX> 



:J15 f-\j^\ fttka-j ,Hf^U> J ^d «Jai.jl(» :<ul % in Hj <Aj\\nt Jtii <ji (j^lHI .JkilA.! wj^^l I^jI 

:^ij^l JUi *jLa^ «a^! dJi ^ J5)) ^ (tjj^n «Ljj ij ■ nj ^Jlirli\\l JL5)> UiO^I <J1I jji J5)> :^tju 
.wLftS^ aLudli <«Jb3 |kU L«uf» :(aA ^ji J-u<aiVlj ^jikllij ^,lVtj4 Jju J^t*) .,.,,u ^ njjj ^\2 <j()) 

^^ ^^JU^ <j| ^j-«U5JLja^ v_Jbji .^jii jjai^ j^ UtLkl L^^iH «Jjli(» «Jj ^jjc pfjilfj 4a^nf,.,i 

* ,.- 



. Y^^ /r ^:,i^i j^Lu* j^*^ roi /Y ^ ^UMaj ^ c^^llvi Sj,^- (y) 

yhS /Y .^ i^U-j N .1 SoSU! Sj^,*. (Y) 

.S.^/N U*i<^l^ (£) 

.T.V/\^^U- (0) 

.NAVs 



«jjH"ij (sLjltiLJl jbj lift)) :J[jAldLiV *^:^ljui/yi ^1 ^Ha^ V ^VIj (^i^VI ^1 ^^ JuSi 
r-;^--' fji ^>^ -1^ * Jj-^jlaU _^^ <bi f^'j ^'^1 ol>^ «J;juuiJt» loiS IjLi <oVUJI <] ^jjiia 

^_yi4 fU. IIa ^^jLti ^--^>6 J$j « i-a» -^ jLajJii « j-*3 ^U Lwl» : 11a ^ Ja-sVIj ^Ijjj ^^iSlji jaj 
«<ill Ul <:!). :<iji Jlo jUty^ :JU .djuiiljl V V^^Lu^l Jli JAi» :^..u^ V^l i>pf>if 
l4i./^.x:i .1 ^t oi^iU.nU J>a^*''.«:>Iill» jl «<ul^» j5 l^^l^) ,>x-. j( ii^^h aLI u^ ai^ 

...- v^<; ^^^ .T.t i I1a)> :cJS ol^ ob «^j .j^-^^^ u ^^ ' ''^ l ilib»«j^3 !iA» :cJ5<(VLl*»o:l£ 



.TVY/N^^U. (1) 



i oj^'V^ uj^j ^^^ ^ "^^^ « l-AaLi jj3 loJbH :c*i5 ^t£ <JLa. ^^ « LajlS ju^^ !Ja« :cJ5 Ijlj 

s( it 

Jjj U-aj -ijij^ ^ ;x*^-? ^*^ t^ ^^.>*^ Ju^ Lr^-5 ***^ *<jy'M ^ v'^^^bo'^ ^" t^J «JI'> -J ^jJtXI 
LaKi ikUjU <iJ=Jf 11*5 aIUH .^lAl ^Jl£x)\ \^^^ *<-j Jjiiil *-jj2 :^) «Luj5j» :La^ti jaj laA» 

Ijjfe jJc «i_j-ijSaJl» J ,«jl$tt Jla JjLftJI s-Jjilt ola^J jifl .^ ^ lt- >a ^ « ij-A» ialLjjL «Ajj;a^ jl j < r t H » 

jJlfi <« ilA» J t^LL-o «jjL^» J t jj) ,^ t off •-jt.i^ « jLo^)» J tjjtill ^^^jLll ^t>^ «ijL^» -^ '^ 
:uJ*^ JU .;»a(aiij JiLLoilj (^fj^UI :^dk. ^j <^:ilH! JjUII ^L«il t>s Lrt u uifl JjL>:iijUi AJj^ 

^l:;^''a(JjLiil»j{(^UI jAiJI))*.lji]l oL-"^ (^ [tikuali Ijjh 4-*i jjj ji ^^U.^«.^LJxll 



T-Vv-Vo^/X^^^^ (Y) 

.r\o /Y ^ ^U^ (T) 

.YVN /\ ^^U^ (1) 

.ri^ J TNA oUkll t^U^ jlaJu (o) 

((^A^)» 



^3:^ SUlllj CThii*^* t^*^^ ^^ JL>-I t^ <^ tll^ <LuJU* ^ 4jL5 Uilj ,U^ 5j£,Li ^ 







-lYl/YJ^v^J^vAJ^or;,^^^/^^^L^:eUJ^^^ 

, \n -\Yo /N J on^ ro^ /r ^ ir /> ^ ^u->i^ 

.A. A --tsuij M. "^a^ /\ ^i^i ^bu-^ io^ /y ^ ^u*^ 

.Al4Ju«^LuaiVljlY/> joYAjnY/Y^YlV-YA^/N,^^l3^^ (%) 
. Y^ <ru^ uiL^VI Ujoc ^j \ Jo NYA /\ ^Ij^l ^u^ Wn /^ cJ^ (jJU- >!; (V) 



^ l-^^^^l J^I<i^-ilSe-^-s^ tai «j1»j«*.Lftli)>j«jl^l.>d*jy.>--s^t j^jL^I u' Lf^i 

,C^LJi 0^ 0^1 *u Ji; ^ ^LJ! j^Ji) t-^j 4^1 v'->^l cr^ ^^ c^U ^>^b ^^'*-i^*^^ 
j^ J^ ^L^! ^1 ^ «jy "ob '«^a> ^J»> tr^^^-^ > J^ cr^' (:^ «arVI» J^) <d^ vdljj 

^ O^l .L^VU :JU^ jI^VI VjU^ wU*i .UJ <^VI ^ jJiX^ V J^lj Jx^l ^> 
J% I4I. J^i ^ .J^-^ Jl*iVb .^^ 

:^LiJl J^S^ >a.l fjJiiLi jj^lj *c>"^' "t^^^"^^'^'^'^*-^ 



.vv4rLM«ai^vijiorc*-iii^jtNv/\oi»5a^i^jiii; (») 



* \( jLi)M(LAjU jy3 ^^jjLox.)) <jLi jjbjfi :Jiii v-^ 

U w-i^U^ j.t.,,til( ^ tfUi. Ij|j» :JU L^l IjLi. jju 6Jx.LAil LilUi^ >-iiJI ^ «^La. U j,1 ^^jijjj 

:<JjLi 6JJU pUij .tiwjit irtll»-i j_^^^f *i *«v_jU-tAll 6j(j-o ^^1 ^j)) ;jijl 
;<Ufl Jliii J[>AiIi Jl <iL^Vt J^VIj *6^ J>*iH v^*-aij ^^1 ^^1 ^)i\ UL^l ^JA 
^ Jt3^ Vj lL^I jJi-JJt ^JA 6jur >^ Ucj /'\<^^j-jjl yi Vi j>^ V» :4]>JL a^lj ^Li 

.M /> .JU5^U^>xi (T) 

.v-l/^>lJ^^n-^Yo/^ j*i^Ls^ (r) 

«^^Y>, 



A Li 1 ^_^1^»> '.cJi j!2j aJo^I tJj^fl 't-^l^j -Jli-ft» SjjjitLlj Jli J^» :cii-ft >! :<1 cJi :JLfl 

* * ' ' ' » 



(1) 






C^LJUIjl ^j-L lld« ^^ISj r^ 



(> iL.. ^ jkiy -5iLillj LiU-kVI :iU.j-«^lj .o^ij*-. ji» L^ <JaJ ^ii oL^ tf •i^' 

.x^r/^J^Y/Y^>llJLJJtsll 

.riA/r4ii>ii (Y) 



illij {^3) ylLiiJl ^ ^>-aX: I jU •> ^1 ^(jaII ^jt ^ j^:iLwVI JJ>a-^f JJU 0-i> 4.n1j 
<Lkjuj l^^ I iJioJ 1 J -A \io AJuM <^lo < fi . i^ u:. L^-ifl ^jjxLxtlA jtj) tn"!! i jflu ■% jj i p La^ /Jla. 4^11 j^ *»^'t^^J 

<ij^i^ 3'^>^^ U"^ (J^ <JudLQ <il)^p.a ^ol) 6^^AN^t CatSj ti^ji ^ji jtjj ^^^ jIjaj Cij\^ 

In h ■%! ] 1^14-^5 (<Jjjil (J^^ C^ j^.^ U I jJUla, j^i A ^ 1 -^ U * /^ I ^3^ IjX. Sj^j-^'j •nyculj^ £j <«ni Jlj 

«Ui ^%u^i\ J .t.Trl 4^fd4 ala 3lj*il Ujf^i (^l iljoif^l 4aiA*ll <ilSil! jjSIjj *<ij^l ^ ^^' 
Lf^' O-^J J^ C/ V'"iij<ll plSKIi *ui^-tSal (jl^j .(jdo-iiaail qylj-JA^ j u^fil *iJU CatjJuj Qji mTJj 

, >V -N £ jljju ^ ^^1^ ri -T» /\ ^(ai^ ^l^j .i^V /V (jI^) ^(jiJi ^^jLj. ^ (^) 

.ioV/N (jljpu)j:,!iUr^^^ (Y) 

.r^ -ro jiji.^^^*^ij .a. /Sjr\o -ym ^ ya. j Yn /r 



<C/e'''"L'*^' pUUJi ^,^-sic ^^ Lb^jiiiLjJI ^>pV>a^^ jSi^j.^jkil i> U^j5^LjJ!j 
l^jjA <J:JC^\ ^^ <u>iUlj<j-6^LajV! ^ji*ll ^ L-uaia *^^l ^LaIaI JjLS jii lift JjJi U1 

IxjjT, i^jk, --j^;^ <j^iLuiVI jL^Vl 6JA pUk OUJI ^_^ L^iCl^tj l^'il^ oliliili J>i.Jj 

i^G oU^j^i 6ift i^-ji jii^i ^j .t^-ii ^jJi g-ftli*j L^jUj l^uju f^ <L.^i <^i^:iLuui 
x^JL ^^^iiij j^.u:^L Jijil ij^ J^ljHC d^Mii <-±^y^ c^liUlil Lo^^l o^j .^'^iS-^Ll^ 
l^oi i^^^l Ciil^jiCA-^^jiiib^^^ ^^' jJLilltj J>^Vt oJu-«5 i^j(-A N^T -^r"V) 
<^,iUbj <:i-Sj>fct <-iiLL-c oULS!; ^ ^ .M.u^llj diillj ,^lj jir^ij wjVL^ <£.j^:l^ |w>k ^> 
<i::^^l olaej *''L^ CA^Utt ^^^.-^j <lj^l AdA ^jiS ^1 yJfc <Jjal! o^L^j Uj^j <-^^J^J 
:^.^jd\ liA ^^^ jSj (^ T. . -^^A) olllll o^iit ^i Jl o^..i^U a>*'^' >«=^ <e^^' 

.j^di ,,>.-sud IjIxL*! (-j^.V.. jju)<^l^t<k.^toiL^j.M=L^5:jtfi^t^3^ 

Ijl^l j>^jll r' ^un Jj 5ti !^>kUU c^*1mJ.1 ^LoJ*]! ^^^ukJ. ojlil c^y^yiltj <-.w^^r^j 
JaIj UM\ pUk Jooij .u>J^b o^^-i^lj f4^ ^L^\ U:^" Vj ^L^^^-"* tji UJM^ 
<J\ > ^1 a>«Ul 0II5 *' iUJIj *^(4iAll e:*>tu J^JI o^^h *5U^b jl^^ Sljjj ^aVl 



.YNV-NVT 



.i>JI ^ <Ui j45 
4li^i« *iLzij! 4j^ (^j^ iS^^ *^>^' cf^ f^,>J^ od>% <^ja1 !j Ajj-a^Uuj V I oLjuIj^I f^LnL. ijj 

<jLflli >^fl.tVi,^j Ijj oii jIjJu Lai <^jjlH a^-jIj ^jUJIj j^xiJij Aiillj i^aVl ^ "< cujjj <<ijSJIj 
4_fljSJI pLJjt Jj^ia jjfc jljju ^1 <iLijJI ojj-LAUj tt itnllj ^^1 ^jAj^ jjftj <-i-4la. j^u 14-j-i 

^jl] Lf-Ul jVj <Sjj-<xJI 4^ jljju Jl »-jjJft1 <ijH1 ^^V L^-jJ J^a-^lj <aM\ ^\.r>. inlj tpLflij 

.^^Tyitila^ 4-flj^l pLaifi ^^ jjlili )>j ml ttlj rli U -% ^Jlll *^LjujVt ^j-o cllj jJX. Jl <<J^^1jlLIj 

iff ■ ^ 

<j&jil ^jl\ SjumJ\ <J4y, bj>a <iAA.j 4U.J3 (^^-«-l*i( <LLiu r^\ ^^ jJ^j jtjLJu ^J^\^ ^a^Il aU-oILuul 

j^aJjl j^ Liiij jlaiu j^ <A-uj! j^jlitiLi ^Uujjjjj *Li^jJj <ia»j JUdlja ^jl ^^^ ^*? ittj JJol! ^a^^L^ 

6jL <J^^ ^^LiliJI JJ ^^^ 6Lai.J j^ J>A ^i Mi'^lt <-JI Jj-«aj LaJ ^ n in ^jl\ pij-ill 6a-i-aij jljJLu 
ii r<jLi5 OJU tJ^J^"tJ''^>'^ jO-wsJa ^ «LjL^L-aJ5 ^i Mi^ll ^^^ hU"i I jljJLi J| J^jJ ^-ijSil 

. jljAj ^JA (^^j^^ o^j^^ O*^^^^ ig^ V^ t ftg^K 

cHjjil t^La^ ;^ \jkA.i.u.A JJa ^jj^ 6li-e^j (^Lu^l JJ ^^ L^ (^J^' >=*^* jLi^Iit ^ 
^j ^j.<-iaJ! j-Skill <iaA C^Uj*ri^|l Qu JuJ-fci t 'j-^-* '^^^ c^l '^ i^**' ^J '^^i^'^ o)>UJ L^-i-fl 
«-wSuli <i-i.j-6 CixLj j^iaaj li^tAJ J <Ji^jl ^;^»^J 4]j-i-al CwLS <^ jK <lLcoVlj ^OAjIIj ^ J^*'" ^^ 



rv^ <roo -To£ /Y ^ o^u^j t^r /r ^:^\ ^j^J^ (^) 

. 1 1 -£ • j! jju ^ >^lj N ^ /r ^X^i ^j,:>^ J^ (T) 



^1^1 l^-ii ^ S^llft ^J^ ^U.^1 <i^*^ «Lik ^^Lu^l .^JxU lIlU. j^j^ .d^j^j... l^JI ^U. 
jj^ ^^^ <uK^(j <a.ui^f Lfillfil j^j I4I0 UtTiM.jj po'tti j^L ^^Lu^l ^LS ^jll jljju 

4*U-i ^\^ ^iftj ft pfjJ J^U>.j <(^^Vl 4-u.>*il ^j^j j-a^l ^^ XiLojJ <2?v-ij 1^ lif ^La] ^j JLaJI 
^Lsh_aJf ».^Ll«U ^jaaj <Jl1J t J j_aj] I ^Jc ^y^ * I . Alj f^Ual ^ t in ^j^ <Ic iJij»& Ltu & 1 1»" ...1 A 
»-ijjtj < jljJu ^^ A^l -^ irf^tj )*^ii>^l SLa^l 4^ Ul^ <1 rc-LAi-Ai ^jl J^jt^'j ^juLjkjllj JtU'Mj 

<Lua^ Loj ^k^La^X.^ A( | ''i i t i A j jt^lj .i () I ^3 1 J^^if ^.iJn'i Xi^^ ^ <^jrt-% n J^l Aflt c^Ol^ ^ ^*^ 
(^j -^ J '^ ' Jc l^j-^uailj 4-JI Iji^LaJli jljJu (_yi C5>ajjl i^jjll ^^ SJjOsi. c-uJLui] J>* fHf-*Lsl 



«^^v» 



\.AA rcji^^juOJi j\ clij.r^ lift jl <Llia^ ji ^ji <ij$J) ^L^ <J ^^^jxl La VI <m Af^t J-^^ pJ ''-^'-^ 
j( tn'tf (j^ <LjuiiLil jl \'i nil !jJ& dJU jljLAJ OJ 4 Mij .<1l A(]1i If J Lojjj Jh.^Lfi3l ^ <ijj^^x^ Aj^ 

Jajj ^ !\ n-\ n ^jjLjlII jjI : LoJfcj ^^gjj;^! ^jjjjJJ! <-<-uLij 1 o^jl' 0(}"i^' iJ:;;*^' Ojj}^ '""^ ' n([j nif j 

^Jbu A^ -^j itit ijjilii Ij^LS (5 jit jt^ X -^i fc^i. t i^ o ^^ .^jLu ^La—olj JjA\ O^Li pUI Jji ^j^ 
<jjJCaL JJ&Ijjii J^ ^^j Lftj fpt^^l JLS Laj ^^Lu^lt JLi La 41* J^j.t., Q ,f it j j <ljjab. Jjt j^i^ \i <Lii 

JJc j^ ^i^Laj] (^ ]jLj Lac 6 j-^ ii\ g"^ i Mj ^j <CULla JjLzk I JU <6JJi ^»^fjf ij^ c^L^ ^^j 

j!tL^I VjLa-« <J>a^ J^Llu^ j^ji st^O-^aJuj O-^lj ^L^lu V^>*^^ '^ J^ -C^J^' ^ -J*"^ '^^^i-h^J 
^1 (^ ^ JJ vl^ f^ (5*^' V*^ *4^ ^'-^ i>^ u'^J '^J^ l^ilaJii t^jJL^j ^J^UA^J\^ ^j^ <-tjJlll 
jjI jl^ JSLwill ^J-« ^-^ ij^ ^J^^ ^JiSLi ^Jl! ^L?^yi jL:».4_ui jjI (^/^IjJt ^jxilj ^^Ic ^jl^j 4St^a^t 

^^j iJklL ^j^jaIj r^^wnft jLwj <A-*i>lj ^a^-:^ ^ <4C ui^ La ^^ U "J^J ^U^jLaa <9-^ «^ Ujj 
J^ ^ i^rj-%j aIluum %jA£. j-4jl QU Jlj ^jla. wii^aij J^Jj JUiw Ja.^! JjI * i^A ^ U^j JLJI 

La^ *d-ajj ^j«m1I I jjb Sjj^ /jj.MiAj'ibft tjt jo ? * ^ L*4i>a. ij.^!^ JjoJI t^LJIj .Jb^* v'j^* 
IjIaj ,LU^ij LAli *^LuJ} ^U5I LfA ^\U\ in\ ^1 4\y\ 5jijJ>i* Laai ^dAL-^xij r>Af 
3:=.^l ^1 11a ^I ^jl jtSj <&>*3Vj jjJ.1 ^i bj*-^b v^ i> C^^jU! ^> ,>^ wi^^-L^I 
S^iSJ^^^iJ^^h <^U1}^ o^j <L^jj 0-0 ULS LlljXi j^>]1a_*a111 ^> ^JJI ^L^3^f 
>LiljL3i Jxi-a^ ^j^>^' ^-^ ci-'l k-^J^ v^ ilk jLl^ Jti i^oJ) 6jb ^ O^LuJ! ^ 

V>-udl J-fcfibj Ijtiia. 1-^ > '^' \^L ^jJI IIa jloj .j-=^l fl4 JjLuu-a ^j-o *l-ik JLa. La Cj^ <^j-^=i^J 

^ if 

1 - j ^jj ■» ^> Lo^Jllai ^ ^^ Lac. S^^^SL^ J^ ^Ji L^ MH ijJ^ ^^jji*^ L^jM^i j^^ <Jj-*-aU 

«^^A» 



24^o^^|'l-^*i^ci?'^'tp*Jll'ja>^' 0^ Lo^^jLiLuul <iijJa^^j UftjAiJ^ j5l <LJt Lu^ 
Ji^ J^ <i.L^! l^u^Vlj Jejlillj J^JxJillj ^U^ 

(i^i ^l^j .WxiVl LLlL.aU Jkll ^ d^^tj (^LSJIj jJSJLUL 6J:x^ ^j^j jAjlf jji^j Jl 
J^ <lJ! t:>v«jljl JH^I ^s^l J^l jljx* ^ ^^^^1 ^jj\ ^ 1^ ^oll j^j^l g^[ 

.^11^ ^ui ^1 oL£3.< ^y . ^^i i ^L^vijiiu^i SjjLiiijd,j^ai j„,ii,.Mj U4iu^)j 

^^^,c.-i^3 La^^j !«&^^-Ji^ V» :JL5J Jj_ftll <1 j^Xl ,,^ Cih^^J^* i^» ^^r*^ J^ <— ^ 

w^jIoiJI j^t)) jl «<j^ajlf jljju <«ijj^» :J1a o(jfti,.,u S^Ilil <j^aJj) .,."<11 ^ OJji5 



. . M\ jLWl UjSj W c^u^K^I Mu>^l ^l^t (T) 



^j.(-A vt\-) j ^.> Aa J ) ^:^c>i *i^^i*-A>aJI sLiii^jfi. d,j5i:;j6U^|kai.j:i^>s Jji j^l^ 

^^'L^jVl u^iAVlj *:^jlll SU^I r^ (^ Y, V) pIj^Ij (^ \AV) ^U^( ^ jjUu 
(-A roN- ^^f ^^^1 ^^ ^!^( a^ ,^1 ^1 ^^L^j .(^ YVS-) Isju^ ^ .ujuuu 

JJ u^J 'C^Aj^' SUJI ij-o aa.1 ^U^ ^_^ tj!!* ^ ^3^* c^j^uaJt SUJI J^ljV 1*^.^1* ^jJi 
^LftlL ujLjDI f^f4^ ^J^^^ Iji^j < j> ^ M ij ^jA ^ Cgd; * ^;H ^_^| 4>-*jj CtS^A5^* t>* c>uj <n iH 

Ij5j-aj < jijJu ^ <ij^l Ja I .^Jc.j i LjjjJ aljJb ^1 ^l JajjI ^_j1^ tJU ^^ ^j .nit JaT 
IjSjjj <c»U<^i^jjJL f>ALuj jjl^L (jj^iiuj iSjLiJI oLIjjlf ^ ^^lllt ^-*fcjj tAjt^dii iJ^lll 

JjbU ,jjj j L^irtll jL^XaJ SjLiVI 6JJb j^ i^>uJj «Ai*il iaJL^Li t^jjsl\ ^jk. IjJ rTit \j J^-uaVf 

^j]j-alU jJU, QMijSIil ^j ft;al ;*^ jJ» :Jii AjLk^f USjA. ... » r^LjLttSJi <-aAjji ^ Jj^ ijJLskji 
^JjE.! tillj (jit jJbj **^j:^ '-^ j%o'\iilj jL^ <LjV (4-ja.j^^,-La-6 ^Ij-jtVI j^ oLi^jBu. VI J-k Vj »— a^ 



.Vo -VI C!Ji>^i -»3ljui (T) 



JxA A^ ^j wji^cf ij^ ^1 ^ i<lSa£. jJ^j j_^Llx^I ^ <Lak. l^t u5j» :<it 4115 Lo J^ ^^J^ Lulj 

j^i V ^^U id^j <iiui (lAJL^Lu^ ^ijo. {-A '<^^-) f^^(^b(-* ^®,J~) v^' c^'^mhj*^ 

JUi:1j«...Lj^ jlaJLi JJ^I Jilil Jlj:^y> :<lj^ fiijll\j JiL^l :v:^^' ;^' f^ aj-^-ailt 
ll^j .J^ :^3. yJJI ^^1 J^ is) (^ N A*\) ^yai JL.^\ ^Ll Jl. JjLS: jljJu ^1 ^1 
^'J\ ^j t>xxj ^> 4d-i-*:iClj (-A X^N) (^^1 L^ iij^i JjbL j^u^iui ^jjlj u't ju^jl (^i-i 
Jssu Ulj» :JUfl ^i {-^>a ij^ j'aji^ <l;*i-o ;^ (>^^^ ^-iJall jjI j^>«J jSj .^1 ^ JatLLi 
< A4I4C.JJ i^^Lilj P LaLaJl ^jK nj * L^l Jjixfli aJjJ I ^ l^ji L05 ^ 4^SA^ ij*^J <dULo <ljJ-oi 
^jU *|*4i dial ^Ij ^i^Jfc 1*1^1 J>il fK^i'f-Aj ^a^. ^J 0^ <Uj AaJ^ ^( j^ dJa JAJ ^^Ipj 

jju *<"* aj&jaI ^^^jli <ui SUUsI *CLJuj *uSLLull 4-*^ L&jU <<1o \jJjJ\ tjuJi ^-^o lAti ^^^ioUj 

Ajlm^ ^Luuj *<-u(jtj <£.Jt>A5 ^^'jJj (^' ^Ijial ;^ *CuCj J^J^i **^Ukll ^ JaJ >4JI3 'fJc- 
jjaA^ ^! ^>a. ^ .(j«^ J^U ImjLjII .-Aa^» (^1 ^\^ j^ J^ 4>l45 <^J <1>^I i^ 
Jji jiJh J^ Ul tjOJui Uui -<iLj ^JA jljJb Jjbi ^ <Lj1j1JuA h ^ n^riMija j^U«jj *C lg » < ^J V^ 

<b^^^ jj» ^6^fJ *UiliJl^^.uuc ja5*a. j!^ Ja1)> :^U (_^1 Jtjfl (ji ^i+i^j Jj5 jaj <:Uj 
Jj^k3 w,t:i.Lwa I UK ft <Lu1j Lli-ti ^41^ sa,] j_jX.jI ;jU <4JuIjl; (^r*-«jjj Cy Vj *v>*^^ f^*^ ^ 

Oic <U>l<I^>j%fl jjJ-uxil Vj JJc ^ j-aJI f^JliLuM ^Ja] Ufl-^n j <S^)-aA 5** f>»J Cj^-ft>aJ ' J^* 

^Vj^J Jj.,..r>flll Jl jJaj dUJJj . L4JI Uj j^jAi^lj Jijolilj <i^uJI c*LaJk*-au» 2^-ijj laa ^> Jjl 
^^( jJjuJ 6a-w:idj .-Jju ^^ loA v- > ^ 'Mj j «a^1 f4:*i <^ fJ Cji^^ A JA*^U 4>6 pl>ll Jju i> ^ 



.Al Qu^aJJI ojIj^ (^) 



Jc Ji>^l J^l J3^ jJi„ .aJ^j „. |>J| jUj j^ ^_^^^ L^j, ^1 ^^L, (..^.JcU ^pUSJI ^ 

dijjj .lijUij "^j^\ sLj ^ ^:i^i ^ .i^y f a*, iiib jii /'«cruLjJLi ^:^u ^ yi ^^ 

^^Ju^jl\ ilA ^ JJ^, j^ ^[^ ^V Jj^;^UI) ^j alaJu ^ -v^ Ij^i j^j jljj^ 1^1^ 
^ ^^^ t^^^jj j^'Jl ^ 6l^>C;^ .^ ^^ ^y^ ajLoiij ^1 L>LLi.L ^ S.^j it IIa j^-.^-.j 
<e^.^' 6^ c^ij...^ jj, ^1 ja^ ^^SIJ! ^ ^ 1^1 ^jji j^^l -ukix^^ U . jl^ 

6 1 ja «Ce>^' j^LU^i ^Lu^j W±»>*ij Sj-c-aJf SU^ j^j ^^ 6j^^ oSj «cAe>-^' ce>^' 



A. jVljViQu^)^^ (T) 

. SA C^jJi^is^l ^\^ (t) 

.A^ -A. (;^^J^.4^! c?o>Vt!t ^La.1 (1) 



^ ^5JJI (^ TA-V-) ^L3^l C«JI^ Sl^ <ili^ > l^— ^ -^Ji^ :^ <^l -J^J -V-^'-^'" 

4^1 j-jiii 6" Uei' J^j"j -^'-^ o^ > JSj '»i^b cw>^ij s>-^'j 5 Wj «:«^-»^' 

jLS O' -hf^ i> J'-^ J^JJ »j-u:^L; j^J jJiij ^JJ t^>-:>f J>^l o' £- M4j J>^' J^Jj» 
jl «Ct;jl^l SUJJI" J»^ L^ yr— > ^^^ <i1 I J4^ -i*^ I-^JJ «,>4^b l*^ iJii 6** ^T^ 

liA ^ .uutij .1^ c^jiy I :>« ji iLu:.! j'ji^ 'j^Suu. :^ j^i j-^m»3sii ^ (^i .s:5i«.jj.i 

Jill,, :^j Ui U>^ JS ,,^j ,c^^l.. ^^ > ^L51l <lLiil (.*a^ oU,>.^ Ci»S 

^j „c^iii i^u^ :^o» :<J>i ^j— iii ^-4; fJj -f*^ 'i-^^J '^^' '-^^ ^«>^' 

^j^ Vj oliJ= ^1 j.4^iS l>— % i^ >=''^' vl^-"' > '-^ ^^ >-» ^->'^^' '=''^-^' 



iY.V) 



^jlllj t^j^( cJj^all ^^:i4:i ^ ^ III IIa *^>*i.i ^ .-u^oll jl tj^5^^ .wAfLUL ^^^^u^ ^^i 

4^U^ I J4J Cti^liJl J^(jf t> ^LS:j ^ojjjfjuMf ^j (lehiAj^b OSrtj^^^ f-^SJlS <x*.jXo.4;^j 
^ g^tlfl ilA^ fj^J>^' ^3UJI u' i> **f^ >4J ^ f^J' t5^ (^^'Ma*;!! ii^j Liul j^Jt Jflil^lyMj 



\A\ "VAA oi Ji^ ^^ t5^>^' u^O'^U *^^V /^ ^^1 V^^* C:i->^ J^ (^) 

. N Y v^^^ /^ ^^* ouV) ^b (r) 



;T.£) 



^1 lk« 0^ ^ '^l5 -ef-^' t^l^' u^' ^ ^-^'-^ s>^l <>^j-^ 0^^ 3fi>^' Jj^ 

^U^j ;r l>-JI 6^1 o" Jt^i '^JJ'-^ ^>^ ^>^J Jl * Howell., j^^ii^l ^h 
^ J15 >t^ CS-I ^' ^tu.^' VJ-1' CS^y ' > -"'^ ^^-^ ^ H^ *> Jj' jl^J 

j^ yi c«>--Jb >:?-ij^' ^^' <:'^ -^ '^ t--'" ^^-^'-^ ^^^' ^^^ ^ ^^ '^'' 
:^l <ju.":^ 6l^ -^ v^^ A>e.d, -U^ v^^U L-*^J C^ii' ^^ c^^ ^ 

c«^^i :^ ^1 ii c^,>^i iie^ -«i ^i u^ <^J» ^^^ tH^' '>^' '^^ ^ *^ "^^ 

^1 1^>» ^ .L^j .^J^b c5^-l' C« ..JJU^ ^^'- 4>-->^ C> c?^' ^^^' ^^^ 
S^^ i-.>^ o^fi^ l> ub ^^> .'- ->-^' '>^ ^^' '^^ ^' ^'^ '"^'" ^ *^^^" 
^^'ui ^^ H'-^^ S^ t- C*^-^'' ^ -^^' '^ ^-^^^ *^ '^'^ * ^^^^ ^ 

lii ^ ,M^ ^i- .le^i > <:*^>» ^' ^1 ^^^' '^ ^'-^ '^ '^^'^' '^ 
c.3^> ^1 ^1^1 r^-- '>^>^^ •^'5'^' ^^ ^ ^^' '^' ^^ '^^' 

^ ^ a^b ^t— " >-^'^' '^ ^'^ '^'^ '-^'' ■"'^'■^ '''^-^' ^ 

ji ^j <<^>^i u^ > Ji^ -i-^ c«^ 'V^^' ^:>^' ^ ^^ ^ ^ <^^ '^ 
^ :>- > u^ :^ H^ '^^ ^^^ '^.^^^ ^ ^'^ '"^^ ^-^^ "^ "^"^ '"^ '^' 



«Y.o, 



0^ »lii ^ L^^ ^1^311 Lj.^^ .^^ ^ ^.^1 ^^^^yL^ ^ ^L^i^ ...Cjv^jSJI 

yi ^>^ ij^ c«-ij^i oi ^j ^Uivi a^^ jii^vi ^jij .,:jji_^i ^ ^1 ^ ^^ 

<ijSJi jAi ^j L^ j^ ^1 ^1 j£i, ^ 1^ ^ oe^^i jii j^ ^„ ..^^1 ^^1 
l^-L^j j4l^L I^^LCj .ijLiil oLIjt^l ^ ^till ^^.^^loi cljll l^a^j alii. ^ 

jil a>4Jij Lux LUj^lj i;>^^l ^isO^jjil ^L.^ 5. lyul VI ^jb U» <.J^I <_^( 

^5^1 ^v^joll Jtol a*. <«jall *i» j^j Jl l^i j,:ill ^ ^^ ^j\ ^^^ ^ji ^i^j 
l.j^\ jiai. <^^ d^ ij^lj L^l c,L.ljJI ^^ Jl ju^iVI 11^ ^^J i^ alji. Jl 

jl^VI ^lj.i ^li J-. <^jSllj ij,j^l i^G^jolUIji >-^UjuVI Jt L^^^lo ^^ LJ^ 

4aijSll <tj^l <jk ^ o:li JjS J^ .J^ 3^^J.( »iA Jjl^ j5j ,SjSl^ .IjI ^I ^jliJIj 



.nv-no.t_^iUjSjj.!jiii. (Y) 

.YA*-YAAuiU=>iV!4.l3S^t5;jUVIu^cjiS;jJlj^ljkJu (Y) 



j.lj ^jUll J^ y-l r ^^^' J^ UliL U j^ ^ 5.^^! <..j;ll <J^ vii^ oils Jf^l 

^ L^j^l --^-(|ij - Cji i] CjuAJll (Iju IjJJiyc^jJll Jj4 •jj-i-l JiJ^I f* a«->'-»-M'-« 
>^li. ^jc ^^ ll*- u«>^lj Cttaj^' ^12:^' ulSj* -J*-* t?'^' "-^ "-^-^ ^■*" ^'j '^'^ 

JjSJL ii^id^lj .UjSII cw j> L«ib Ct^ill C« okl^ U^u ul^VI JU L£ Ji. (Jj '^J^ 
J\j lijkj *"^J^ ^jj*i' ^l-J^' ;5i*i Oe -^i o-l^l ^^1 j^ >* Uil ^jIjxJI J^I u4 

j1 « jljJu <_^jJ_.» j^L <i>.s^ i^jJ-. J>:a.j ^ Jl CS^J^J.1 > j-ii o^ ^'■^^ 

^LuaiVl w.l::S 35^ ..JjUJj2^» ^ OiOa-Ul ^^ ^^Ijll ii» Ji« jSj . Uj^j |_^ dS^iJi 
jjij -<iV ciiu.jjii tJS Li> :>« v^^^^' cj-'-^ !>• •^'^ *'^-»^ ^-'■^ "^^J y^ '^'^ ':?'^' 

ly\^ ^ L^ba jiL« ^j jULkVI jl ^^1 <--L^'l ^U. .U3l ol J ^jo- IjM '>H3^ 

j1 _^V I ,_^ U LU < Lj_cJL»: L«J l^.^ i^li ijjl Ji^ Lu.jj-» JU* ^ jJ til Jl >^J t^Jll 
^ Ijili ^Ij (^>VI > Lljj »i4 0- Cij bU '<^j^lj <iJ-^' Cii^j-i^l c« '>^ ^"^J 

.riY<ijSii^^,>«^i5Lp' (1) 
«r.v» 



Ct:^^' ^ o^iSoll e^ .cju^^l ^i. ,,Ui,| ^ ^_^, ^ _^, ^^ ^,1^ OeV 
C^ie^l Ji>iV ^j. a5j ^I^UJI jJL. j^u ^j, .^j^^ ^^, ^ ^^ ^ j^ I 

Uiil^ ^j U <La- oi- l^>^ L:>^ 0' v^j .1^ ^ 1:1^ L^l ^ 0^^ 

j«i ..L^ ^1 c^^ ^^t <_ii ^^ ^, ^^^ ^^^ oj-vui* > ^^,^1 ^( ^J^y 

J:LJI > iiiLk. o>i. J .^jSI( ^Ij J^M v^^l (iA ojo^ a-^ .x^l?^ 0' <ii -UAi- 
6U3VI ll» JW/^j^ ^ ^r jIj*. i^jo. yi ^j J. csij-ai c^U! ^ JLUj 

«;^jldiJI V^lll. ^..^^ ,jj^ ^i^ jj^j .iijSli <^_,a^„ ^ ^1 ^ .^j^l ^-<,|| 



.av-E£ojtiy££v^^jiiii^^l (^) 
r.A, 



Ij-A ^.fJ JJ^J <^^>*i ifVj-A ij-o i jtVrJ j (itVjJbj pVjJb J!>5) (jUI-^ A^l ^Vl ^ La JSj (<bj>nrii 

bl^ t . r . i^ n't -^ i Lolfl cjLoyaVI jjLu jj^ ^jjlC.j Ju^jjSj Jj^j-i-OJ tojif jij J)t^ *3j^' *«>Lui3^(j 

,^Lj i^alj-i_jJl ^jjsj <cJJj Jl R-ikj4j IdA (jC 3^L J;l£ Lajlj «6j-a,j (^J^^ ^^yJc- J^V( j^-w^^ 
^^jIjJLJI *_uJ^jII (_>uuli» :<}j^ 1^ ifjj-a O^l ^ «Q;LLuujjil ^ !j^^^j^jji^_a^( lj-L**^a UJjJ^^ 

Jj JjjG Vj ^>uLi» <Liic ^kliu ^^ ^^ **l]j g^J-S^j ^fclia^ <illU ^Ij i^liall LfilL^ ^1 SjjJuJI 
InlA. J)j} ^J<1^ Ij^J^ ^iKiii'i ftLshliVI ^ A^iy* '•^ J:?>^ *-^ ^ ir> oj <(6jJtj-^ jl jLuJ <aI tj(>^ 
:(JULa « Qua all Ul">. J^» f^Vj-fl a^LLIII ^1 <t j n i n "il I ^^ "^-^ n tAj*irt ^j^oJU A n nrt C^U^ i]^uJb.Ht 
Oa-Ij ^-^^Ijf Sj,aj^ <£.La^ ^XiJi^^S J^-i^ <ol flvUtl i^l^ r^l ^^4 Jjl<^;j1^ ^^.j^juAjJLI IjUK Jijjjij)) 

n\ ni 4.1juu ^J^ <<ji^La. f^ .A <i •% f ^ ;^ ft -kli <iHj tr j^f <jjiL^ ^1 ^jkl\^ <Sj ^ () il (2,|iy^Laj 
^ Jjutrxll J J"* > rt Li ^^^j^J^Ij «JljJcJi jUa.V[» <_iiakL-a (SJ^-^"^^ <\\\'^ Ll ^-^^ J^Ai '^^tJ^ <3^^ 

Uj^lj <il^1 ^juJI>5Vl 6 JA ^sJLki jji 64i^lj<^^ ^^1 Lj^II <JIjSV ^>Jtll (oA a*j Ij^l 

^q \\ ^ ■ ..1 > <Uo-ual LlLj ^3^JJ! i»a1a-J «^I ^ tr^l Lai)) :<1>5 *^4i <JjljJu <Lju4j^ A>^J (.^^ U^>*^| 
;;^j.«:u ^ (jla.1 ^V w^ji^lj <Jj-«sJI Cj>»^J-ii^ ^>» C> ;> ^ ''t i JaL^ j^ Cli^U ^^1 <^lAliVI 

c^jUi J:^ ^^ ^jJi t^j^Vi ^ LHl ^ (/^^^-^^-^ ^^ ^^^^^ *^'^>^ '^^-^ 'L^^A>^J 



.^Y-^^ <^i4^jj-* (t) 



«t*^J 



:\ ]^jMi> c^ sjiSiii tijSij ti-j^ v-:-^ ^j^j 'o-H' M » j^i ^j 

<,Jai, Li>=^ t-.^ ^^^ ^-i^il J^^' -^'>^' c> ^^ I*--- JMVi *a* 

„^^j^i>, ^ ui .c«J^i» - ^^ ofi^ su:i' ^ ^J cej^'j (^'j^' '^■'> ^^^^^ 
.,^jU( ^jji» ^ ^\j\ u>ai u>^ ^j ^ L^ ;*^ c?^' ^^^' •'-^ '^'^^ ^*^ 

^ 1^ ^ J.iS t,y I 0>II ^ c^^-^' V^^' tM ^' oV 5>^UL1 ^,.^1 






0) 






j;^jl ji-illj «^jljjjl ^olc j^jULi (((^^j^lj ^^JlaxJ( Cj^^ wJ^Lk j^l Ia5 'jUfAf f4i 
oL^ikll wtU^-^l JfjSV ^j^jyJLl jJl£J\ ^jc^j M^ cjLwI ^ jk.jjt Vj^^ V iJA <]VjUi-«U 

-lal^ j^^lc I^J^ olul wi A J fi J>^J ^^ g>^ j < m'i i n ftj L^_^ ^JJj-aJ.lj p\ ojiH ^j^A^LJIj O^J^^U 

i^ -C^' C/^J-*^^ tl>* l^VI ^ qOuijIjJI ^ <^ 1 ^J i j^yiju LuJj t^\.jwijljJl ^^ J|3^d.idi 4 f. d ft La 
SLxlJI Olc lj *\n mo J)L^ (^*iilf J-*J LAiij^J 0*^5 "'^iJ-*-*^ '4>^>* '-J-* tj'^ '^J — t^^j >^ Jl 

^^ ;j^::iL\ (y»^LJ 4_a^ ^U. (^aJi Ce^^t iaik jt» :JLSj .^j!^! ^v.olf J.Aalt j^ <jai! 
J^l£ <J^J <i;^^jJbJi.l ^3^ <]fiuk Aj-uj ji (^j-aJ v-jJbJ-a oljua.) (J^ J^ H ^^^"^ cf^ u^**^*^' c>**^^^ 
Vj * ^ , ft j iiVlj ^^.^311 ^_w-autll! .wjLi--ul Jtjj jju tlAJB^j-iil ijA J-a»V) ^^ (^.jyuijljll ^j^i^Jl ^J^ 

!> '->er?-*^ UL?^ JL^ ^ijl I1& *i!jul ^.A^S'i ^i Ji,>^Vl ^ ^^K^Ui. <^lj J>i:- jj.^*"' t t U '^^tj,^ 

J^i i jjb j^ ^jju^aJI IJla *--o ^^^AJij Mi^ uJ^ ^J *^ J* <rLuJ.f a JJb ^Ji icK^ J^ ^-^sS r-* 

™i A^-xijLuu -^ ^ "tj n MH ^2>^ ^_aLuj Jj-J-l^ ijj-jL^Lt J)-«ia Jjl j'if I C/d>*^l5 ^^J ^ '^^ ^ <-jaS ^^ Jjj Lu 



.r.A-r.E j1^^^^;.^i^^J! (t) 



rNNi 



J ^ f^jj /'VLj^j La Vt ^Ull ^ ^d^ V QH^ > ^>^ asA^^ k&^^ t^* ^-^ 
CA--j^l J^ <e^l-iie ^-"^^ 4>^J f^J ;j^ C^o^' JlI^* J! ^^^^ J^^ (^ c5>^' «C$f4j^*» 

>^ L^ljl ^ ^ J^^ (>ii' L^l^jILj *< ^ J > t . J ^Ij Ja J^l o^ (>j^W ur^^--^ ^^^ O'^U 
Ij^^j oii ci^IjJj lJ:^ «c?ua)dJLJi» ^ ^ , ijn; > 4 ^j jjJ.1 J^^il:^ U( .^^^ "t^^*-^ 
^4l* > 44^J i^L-^l 3:^4 ^J * Ufi <^^ 4^>^' >^' J--*^ ^^' *^^^ J ^ ^'^^ 

Cru^^^i Ji .^^.ua:ii! 0^ <-^j^ f^ <J4^j <^ t?-^' ^^^ c^>i' 6- J^ > 'j'j^' 
^jlli ^jf^L.fj-tj-.j* «<ij^(» ^:iUuVi dLll ^1 «<ei^'« 4^a.-:iU ojLcij *i^4>T-j 

.Y^A-T^■\ ji Jib ^tp^icn^oii (V) 



*r\Y) 



C>>e-^ ee-^ OJ^ J-5i .^ .-i^^ Vj -a^lj ^ jyi j^i ^ Jc oij...,:;]! iOA j.^-^" 
^^.^CAfSj^ j--^jralai^^[^^Li»5^ Ij-ft^^oll SLail^ Wm^.xi^ L^.^, 

lljS jljA. ^1 ^1 Jllii ^ (lA ^ 0:?.>-:>H J^l Jj^ ^» :c<>^f -^1 J^l JU 



=Y^r» 



\lA Ol^ .'''«jJJI IrJii-Li tJU^' <j^ IjJ-itljJU^VI IjSjij .ol.x^a:ji.j:ilL IjaU!j <jJI>JL. 
jlSj .ijijSJIj <jj--=^l C^JxujJLI SL=>J i> <ui i,j^ LIO^ CSdJ^^' '=''V=' <^ -"J*' > ^^ i/^-> 

jloi. ibA^ ,,>ue— 'G Jit ^j jLi Uiij s>i.l:ill Ujj^.^ ^y^ LjV^ ■Su,Jxi.^ >^l 
jl£ jii ,<ij^ljS.>^l L«- 2fj V*^U.V' jL-«^l -»^^^ > Well ^L;jVb<=LJ»JI ._,5U=kIj 

JtJI i-j:A-. <-«jV i^Jill J^tjJI Jit ^ ^j+ll Jit ^y,i^\ »>li=JI jj ^>^l iijSlI <^ji- 
»i4 4J c-JLj j^jiUlj ^5>^l a-j^> 3^ >> I^W' C>^ *^^ '^^-^ ^ *^ ■^'^'-' 
3i> J^ -h'ji^b . I>-Vlj ^ULklL J^l t^JJI »W5 JjiJIj .(li-VI U^^ Vj <bjlj Jit 5,>k^i 
Ij^ c-l^l u^lj .(H^ u-^lj a>-'^l jVjV ilk. c^U <^ *^=-^ 6l^ -^e- s*^'-^' 
- liUI I jj^^ ^ Cir^^\ <^l> jJiJ-^e" Jb*^ -HJ '■^^^ <J^ J^J^' -^^J^ H" 'J^ '^'->*" 

IjilS J. . Jl^ 0^ J>- "jil^ C5i^-^' Jl 1^ i.r^ ^-> '''-C&fijSib Cse^^l yu J>Ly I 

^1 ^ jjj .(^^j ^L^U J--.iVi jii^Vij .s^iui <e.>-^- L^' -^J ^ "-e" a>^ 
^ cs^jili 5>^ oi^j -^4^ *ji>^'j ^' ^^' fj^ -^ ^^- ^J "'^-<^ vl^^'j 

Oi^Ljdl .liliJI ^Ji 0^ ^i '^•^ 'je^ vM l+iLii Jjl Jlji^ ^ t53=-ill ^jjJI oJl^ 

.UjjSlji5<iiUJI Jtsiil iijSlloUit jjia 
<ijSII J»1 oV .S^^l J*l > H^e-"L^I u"J^ i^i y^' '^"^ ^■^' ^' ^' "'^ 



.YIY -Y£N iij^l ^>lJJ1 SLj=o nA-XW/Y i.:iU'ill ,,^-ijti! H 
. Y^A /Y j^iUVI ,,^^j Y lY SijSlI ^ ^>*^l Sli^ >i! (0 
«YM. 



Uk^ XV Ui c^^^^i ^ . j^jf^^ liU>oj L^3 y^L2c ^j^\ ^\^ c^ ^ ,olJ) 
oeoJf <:^.^i J^Liii > i^ J3: ^ s^^^i ^ ^j]j ^^1 JI ^j ^^ ^^1 ^j _^ 

(^ ^-hM' Jj^'j *<L^Jt J^b yj&f Jllj Sjjx^I pIjVI jJL>-o oiL£ ^ ^ .^ >t t j| _£ 

^ CAHi^i ^ jL^G^VI ^^I ^ULJJi CAij . Uj-i^ JLu ^ U^ .^Ll-uuV( &jjb 

^ ^4^ ^^ .UJ*]) > Ujllt ^ ^ <]jjt JU.JJ .l^i^l U^H*-» oi^ L^ji »f4-.^ 

^T^ u>^j ^L^L ^ ^^^1 pLokil j^I, ^juj.tM.Mjj^jl ^ULkll Ji oUU^l 
sum 0^1 d Ij^^ jf <uU^i j^ ^ ui^ ^^1. ^1 j^ ji^ u^ -jijj^ ji ^^^^^^^ 
<^Lal^L .^ <i^l J^l ^ JL^I 6>^ J. ^ Ij^^Ii .<iiJlj j^( j^L j>^ j.dll 

u^ Uj ^>.V[ 4^Uill 3^J^L > j^^ C^Jji'j -'ji>^' 6-* f4^ -t-f^ o-J ctfli^l J u^ 



«Y\0)) 



<^(Jl ^oJI ^^^1 is>^\ ^jjl ^^ .^Ji^ Uj.A^.^ jU <ii VI <<i:iUJI ^Ij ^ s^^k^I 

ccUi^I ak. 6,^jJi:aJI Jail ^k^^icj ^Ijt j^jt jLJJj-*-*^' l^ Jj^ <^J^U Sj-t-aJI i^l/MiflluU 



«La3^ (jtiUilfj ^j^lj JjUlHj r i '%'t^V) ^Jk <CiSUjIaj i^\'\c \j 4^lj j2h» Jji u^ t^*^' C^-^' 
^1 tJJj JIa J*ij ...iLtJ JjVI <^.%-jLitn <lL-o Uukli (_^J^I *-iJiali ^.-fci^ i>a <J»-« jjL^ La LA,>kA 

Jilt LcL^^Lxjual Quj t^-^ jititi Q;^ ^^^tUll ^^^ ^j)^ ^J^ <LlaLc <^j.2b o1 iti'tft L aA Jh iif 



(j^i.jLi.rfr> 



^^I^^A. OjAiuul Jjl JJU jIdJU ^ c5^>^' 0"J^^ ^La^ ^^ ^yb^' s>^' IjLjum Oj^ ijl^j 



*(Y\V» 



cH^ ^ ^o^ >^Vl ^^ ^ jlA4.^b f^b d^i c^ U4I0 J$ ^j^ <^^ U^ i^i^ 

Cru>^( > oAi:j Ui c^^UJ .V>t ^ J(^ u ot^j ^^JLfi, <i»:;^ ^^^u^J j^ ^^^ll^i l^ 
> CU j-c ljjLli.( j) < tl^U. U^ jl L^j^^ ^^^ Uu^ 'CAKi^f u*^ oils ^>|j .^^j 
<u3^ ^ Lii. <iilj j^j ^j^ j^ IlL ^j, CAe>-^l Jyi ^ ^oll <a^ j.tS: ^LiJLI j^^l JJ 
.Crt^lf :>£. .>^l oli.1 U^^L^ <I]13 111 c^d^jj .^'^Cj(^j^^\ ^6jll^ Cy^^^ > l^U 

jUalj <Xa1^ ^j jidi^ O.?.^ ^ (S^::^[ o-j^ o-jk^^ Jj^ 6-« J^ <JaU^ ^ ^-^j.^ 
CaaA ill dlj ^ Jal^ ^j ,|^Ul.^iAj CeA?^* J^ .e^J <^j^J <^^ jLai^) -<:ijlil j_^ - d-SU 

«t>A» 



^1 il^u-wjjjll ^J-^-^ ijc- tl^i *iij-ju*j <jj^ aJ a.) Jjj-*-^ il)^' pl>fc-a ti>-«^ <U&LaJl Jia ^ — N 

L,aa 

v^jX.1 V :JILS ^^ho^L^I <L1jV lja>o /jl, .^jl <fr ^ <iJl >.U ir ylUft ctlj ^gk. 6J^ CnitJ -j) ^^^ ' Cu^ 

A,l£i A-MjliJi ^^1 |xLuij |^^^xi*-a.lj j_^ 'v4i3JI^li 411! Jijijc ^4^1 t.il^fl AjJa jlc l^L^j ^^^j ^' 

J^ ^..ALIj V fj^J i^^\ >'=*-il^ ^ J ft I* H 4J^l-^ JL$t wi*J ^yit J-i.) J-2 ^jL£ -(^li-t wii lit <JJj 
J.a-;.tj t^Ull <(yt^^*-<a-^' » ^Jic ^^^t^pLc! <J .uj'»"t luVI <-^.jU.u <,*K-kru I.Mjj ' , w A f Inj iujl mu ^.^^HJtf 

^jj .«gLa^I^^I^I j_^ j^i ^1 ^ti^lt^ L>i^ il-thjAs^' ^^1 trtf "t ft Lcj Loj» 4^Lj!SJI JjLlu-* \ fttnV 



«r^^» 



^ J>^f d^J <^^Ms <^^^ e^ ^ a>Jll jUc i,j^1 /,l£ ^^1 /^ ..^, ^ ^5 

4jj4^ ^ln^ c^hi>^' > <^*-*^ <^ ^1 '-A rSA iLa ^j: ^^U.jJ) c*^^xjj^i ^ <^Lj\ 

6L| <L»j:»U ^U^ll <i^ ^( <^ ^U^IL ^^^^^ .jU^I ^ ^y^J\ j^ ^lili ^1 

.-A rrv 41^ ^^j .<^ ^Ul ^fj .j^a Jl^ .>^Vl ,>i^Vt jjLuL. ^ Jcj 



. <juI5 JjV ((wutUl ^j1 






. i^x ~£iY /r ^UitVi oUji^ nvn -nv. .uvi i^yy^ ^^ -iv c^^ij r£r ,^^1 

«V.Y«)) 



uiL ^ <:V ^jj Cbfji Jioli > <I ^ji > ^' ^-^ H^ -^ ^^^ ^^ s^>^ ^^b <^^ '>j^^ 
^lAil > ^>1 j^j v^? f^ W^ ^>J i^^b f j^ j^-^ Jl J^Jtj ^' > a?>*^' 

: l^jf^l U^ Sjj3^ ^ <i .f^ ^iH* i/^^ ^ 






l^j^i ^ <-ili a^ JUi c^J^\ ^ ^ 5- Lull ^ ^^j, ,^^^ o>^^^^ ^ 

^jUII ^ ^1 J^ <i^ ^ .,^1 ^15 4iV Oj^^l ^ ^ ^^j <^. Vj ^, ^y^ 
^^^1 ^1 I Vj .JU„ j„^L5„^ „ ill],, ,jji„ ^ ^ -^_^^ Vu^ ^ no.] i^ 

»>^j>:*^ ^v-^i» J -.-i-iii.^ ,^.-^1 «^3m ^^^ c^» j«c^^i ^>^i» 
^j «Jei» ^uj.i j.^ yj j.UiJi„ J ,^^1 ^ Jl j^i ^_^ „ ^^ ^f^;,^ ^,^,^1 .,^ 

U>^ <^V :^.(^l ^ Oj^ ^^ ,^J( ,^ ^^ .,^1^^, ^^_ ^^^^ -^ ^^;^ j.>^ 

i>*^> 6- u^ .<in^ j^u« ^ u^i ^1 <^^ ^L, i^ jiL_ ^'^^.^i 3i,^ 

^b >J^ V jaill ^] ^ ^ _^LJI ol.> :JU ,C!U^^I j^ ^I^LUI jJl_ j^U j^^ 

(T) 






;YTY, 



J-a <i1 V) ut^:i>^f o^ ^! 4i -L^^J^' *^ t> *a5"f*^ I^J^J 'j3^^ ^J^ O^ .<^Uuual 

.(>^ji! IJ^ ^>a^ ji^Oili j^^i <J ^JJ .-A t * «Uuj 

.r Li-iL <jJc -<"'>• -J .-Jb VYV <li^ (^j^l l5j^^' ^Ult i> J.4A^ j^ jjI 

cbllj O/oJij uialwalll j^ <<3il!j ^H^U 4^Uaj utj^f V:J>J JP-^b <^^ >^^ '^JJUe u^ 
.oUS o^ Ulli 0!^ ^ CeA5^' <> oLll^ <e^ ^ <^ oe' u* VI .^ULLiVi jcj ^v> 

j(^:iill( )JA>>ixej«<i6^>A.^V>j<-*Ui!^ i^ ^ oi^ oh ^^^-^^ ^^^isSJ^ ^ 

vj^j^f ^ .ijVf ,>*^ I^b c^>-^ ^! ^>^ Lo ^ Jj <icj .<Jfc J^Ul* ^^S v±^* ^\ 

JL^ j^ <i:U J*i L4j ^jL^VI a;J (^! j-c. t>Ui U£ vJJj Jc <^j.i^^jC^3^ > ti:>^' 
.«^U .Ua .<S2 ^^Uli ^Lb jM-^b <^b <:?e^' (> ^b u^J *Sf^ c?'^!^' -e^-^' 



Sj-biut ^^ l^-li j ?i rn (j j t^f t JjJ .«Ui JaI <fL-MJ jJ >jil* u'-^J «,>aAll ^^ JL^t Jj^ «-Li aJj 

^^LjS[ cjLftju-fiJLI ^2>-6 ^j — A ^^ 4lui L^ ijky '-'J *^ jluij JI jU. I4I0J (^^jLk ^1 jLt au <luu 

,^^jl^ ^jiift -^ ^jk <ILm*j ^i <il O^Li j^Jj « jlj^l)) wiLl^j ((«-&:aJlj <tju'iii)) *^Ll^j «pl^^l» 
<1ju^ Oij .^<LiJ^)jJI ^ aj£l\ La ^Jc wlt^» <w»u!^i <AJ^ rj^ jyAjft^jijui <1Ljluj jjmi^I)) :LftL«.uj 

* tiila ^_y]l jVj j^ jJ^II ^ xwxA 

A^Jol) J^l 6JLXJ «ial J -^11 J).j jAJ jjtj jjfl iu J^ jSLj^l (2,j^^J^I >^ QOj <r< ili ^Jc inKj (2>aa 

' isy^ iS"^^^ ^^ (*^3 *"^ fW <ii»u fc^jfJt ««^jJLIj 



.^v^-^v•/^• J*-^ 

^^ Cxfauj^lj N VA (:^U>Aiilj C2hi^>aJI oUJaj .A> (^^Uj^^aJl C&*>^' J*-*^' (^^^^^^J^ (^) 

«YY£» 



^ d t^ TX- iGu-u (^JJ i;^j|jjjijili InKj ijl^J (S^^tj-o I '•i^ n; Oj-^J rUk^ll jLa^JLu) ^-jU f ^"7"b 

j£jj ^j .« j^jil)> wjLi^j ««*.jiLI» (->Ll^j «jjij_all ^L«-o)) ^jLl^j «jj t*\li jl2waII» wjLj-^ :<_m^1I 

j^^fj y._jlxj J^ Iii.1 ^SJi\ ^^*s"itil (jLoaLu ^^j <_ij£, ^3j ^ 0-^ rt ^ f-:*A'j^' <yj!ax£. jjI 

^ <U-ct-5u A^i£ll jlj^ *-»j^' ijl ^3 ij-* cf^ *^^'** J *<^l>4i(» *-jl-^j «>a^f ^y^ *jill» wjj^f 

. « LiLu V Luja /> KTi »^_^f J)i ^-i» 4_jlli$j «jjL-tfaII» witiiSJj wrtliiw w»tj$j 
^^^.o.^ (.^jj^koJ) ij-AJ JatAJ) nolo L a Lt-c ^IS tjlj^j^l t^.ft,t,u J^ jL.ft,r^-ft ^ (LUtjoC J^jLujaJI ^t 
>_iibj ^-JJ*^ i^'^ iJiJi)^ '^'^^ jijJU <U^jJ-» SLaJ ^jlc a!^^\ ^jj-^j . _A VV * ^^jll! ^U^lLa* J>jl 



Uf-fi^b ^^^ C.jSi>*^U ci^d>^aJJl olJbLj *A^ CiJi^-a^t Cihi>^' jUkI ^^ 41.49.^ ^>lijj (N) 

. ^A^ -^VA (.uv) ^-a^ij ^* Ci^,^>4i3ij nvt cj^j^iiiij c^^d>=^' i^iUjio ^ <ua.ji ^^ku (v) 

AT o^^l (i) 



w 



jj^j I4I6 J^ pl^t J^C ^a^j *4jj!jxJI l^jallj <ij^^ <^j^^ I^jSmj <i^^ tj^\<^j^ 
^jl\ £4ill I j-fi <gV <4jJ^I UmjA\ ^ji iL-ai-o iji^j: .^IjiJt li-^jS u'' 1^ i>»— -HJ 



.ioo.ljillLjSj^l (Y) 

«YY-V» 



^uivi(jji 



^ j^ j^\ jlj *<-fljfjjLji o!j-fii! jjc' <lij-o (j-Aj « jLuVlw ^Jl <_ii (Oj — A V . 1 <1aai j^^^ull ^ ft'% 
<--lU ll^fl-^ A_*jjj^ij i^jVij j-jxlIL t^Llil ^Jci j>A j^^i jjLS .pIj-oLlu Jj&i j^ oLSljII Stjjll 

ylj^ oJ-aLi. J>a aIcIj aji^r jjxij Jjl£ :<Lii i^J^S^^ J'^ .iijj'n^ ^^^Xix, <j;il» iki^l :JL£ SdLa 

a1 ciaLiJVf i-iJuC <^LlJI ^jim*^, < (ia^L^ i^J^usJL Lij^^^X^ <<CLcLlx^ ^ Lttji^ t^mVJ (juL^ u^J 

6Lii!j £10 -nr /r o^vi oUijL? .vv-vr /v .LjVi ^.-e-*-aj ^AA-^A^ .uvi <A3ij 

Uiukj V> -V . LaaJai tpA3:U <il!i ^J4<? NAY /r j1 jJb ^Uj Y . A -Y . N /r Slji^t 

.YM-YNY/>5Ui>Jl 
«YYV» 



^ £>JJi OJLSj (v_iLl^ Ja V *Lbi-=w J.6 ^^^-CU Jtii^ (^lj^( <X.jaajJ t<^sJ\ jj -^-^j (La^j^l 

. jU-^Vlj ^,e-"Ui]fj jL^Vij ^,>^lj <^>iiJI j^ljiJI ^ iLOuidi <JUI ^^ dii j Jlc Jjui^ 

.<GLa-a Oxj 6j^J L:a»!j <Uui» A^jt^ 6Ul^ La-a L^j^J JHoVlj Oa^iaJlj 

^^i <Ji Joi ^^^1;:^. oLilufidl |k.a»„^| ^ J^ ^^III «OjJ xil wjJ>c-» t,J'M<-:i,fl <tJL=kj|3 aJjuul) I n j < it 
6^1 j-^lj <iill j^ ^^^4^1 Jijja^ <^>:?^ L-*1 • <^a5 ^^ cry*Jjb ^-^AJuCLi ^ ^J^i U<^ 
Jih t^^' c^ >?' AJox^tj 3j.il ^j ,.^J*:i tj:P^ C>i -^-*^' u"^' J^'j j'^ C^ J n->o Jj ^uLxiUJI 

lj-iii£ ^^^1 <G) ^in^^ i i l j^jj A^^^j ^ .i. t .k c Vlj ^OJuaJi <ijllllj j^3^ fi!jA-*iJ) J>:xi jbuiil ^ 

J ((Jj4Un /^ j-o^ o'j:?^ ^,>^>' J « ^4t?ff i_y-^ t>^3^f ^i <-*iijt£. a-lLA r-j-xii)) j «JUiV)j<:-LAJuuVi 



«YYA» 



:^LiJl JLa «cILt^ Ulw :^j2S ^^^^.iLlI j-*-a^^ ^ Ci*ij Lujj *«u^Lilj 

.«^^>; -J 4SjAo*A SjLc, <j£ ^j3 jlj ^3:^ 
L?^ Vb ^ i^ U:*^ 3^ j^l^<^ a?j^^* ^b' -^j^j 1^^ J*jSVl 4Ai ^^ Llaj 

:VS>^ ^i will ^^1 :J^^I will J^i 4> dj^s^la <i^ aTuJI 



.rr oUiVi ^j ^ j.^i^. ^ti^ (y) 

((YY^)) 



JUj .JLa. J^ j-i «^jjl» J « \j^]» 6JaA C^.u L&^ Jj-<ajllj itljjuVl ^ Cnnt 6j-aA oilS ^ 

L^l Uj-Mj^ <]£. 5j^ iti\n ]jJxfi J-k-a>ll «t-alltt J^ ^*i^j <(oLuAll» ,jj$^mj LfjjSLJ «K_jj_i^l» 

.J^LuM Jt>u^ jt <jU:!^ Jt>Ai <juji La ^j a^i ^''^ ^^l j-^ ^ JLLU^U <^1^ S^^.^^1 

< ilA ^ a5e>^' * 4h^i :J-fti S6>u6 J ill I L^aliil ^cU^^i will ^ *^i^ (^1 :J^ii Jli jLi» 

:<]35 ^^ « Ujft.Aw :JUj . U Jju ^jll ^^1 ui^J Ifijl^ <^_ialil Uj «Ltjj-(a] ! 

^^ ^;^ Lq^ J-uo^ ! ^ S3>c^ o^il^ IfLi f^fA* ^^^-^i^j f^ '-^j^ Jb' uf^ ^^ *'^! *3^' o^ 






(^t-. 



<J^^ Jin.) ^^oll e^I ^ aa>-^l JUj .J>ll ^: L ^ «.UJI)» ^ ^j^l ^:i^ 

^ V u^ ^lo^V <^U >y(j <^ui j^^ ^ j,,^ 

^^iJI ^^^ix^ .U^l .^^^ Li^^i^i ^ , i^j ^^ ^^ La 3^ .,/^*<^ ^^ Vj ^jlj..! 
^jilj.iut <u]j c^ Ali /^'«a^^l ^j(_^ ^ VI wi>iJI .^1* ^UjJL ^a:; V ^^^i j^V 



- ji^i ^ \r ^^j N . 1 .L^l (T) 

.^^-^J)d^Vl (r) 

,s>.a^j (1) 

.Vl.Ja^V) (0) 



j«jlj]ttf o^s^^^jx-a^i! J^jL-iuJi«^jj.i^l»j,(*^^^^)), J .jjn.All «<jL^I)) jtfjjj^l jX*-aJlf)) 
.((^^j:£II» J L*A;a. «^HIi)) :«UidaJLuui dJjjSLa^i ^ 6j^ .ik. l^ikaJl J ^luua oVVJ Uaiillj 

<jy»ii] MwJjAji ^il^ 3:iIc-» J .«^r)LiUSJ <-jLj^)) Jt>I>^ jf «oLj^J> (Jc <JJX-aA-l (ji^JJ-flj^i SLaAilj 



NoT/\ .ixi.vua4>ii ^u^tj ^r. ,"v, .ny .iy Ay a. :jia^vij ^^ jtr^rr ^tn 
ji^Ji^^L^i dSi .o ftii ^;^j ^T'^ jNVAj \sajYt. j y\n J^Yo ^nai jN^i ^ \or j 
.^.o^^,i/^J■\nJr,./Y^l>JIJV.JrAVJr£JYA'^J^AYJYYJYvvJrl 

C,>-A? ^^A -SrVj YY^ J YYY J \r-\ -^Wo /\ .Ix^Vtjc^^i ^\ .A t l Ug_i_fl j^i (r) 

.YW J V* J YA oLi^M J'ji=J< t^i ^^-=^1 

.^tjiJ! ^ YY J TA^ oUULJI JijLl! ^1 oSL^I ^-^j YN N j YM 

«YrY» 



^Ij .J^l all *c^ JUiVl j:iji ^ 14^ fxLdt oUJVI ^1 ^l» ;«oUJVi»:,c 6a.=a^<iji 
. ^J ^y.rcT. { JAj HdfcU ^i^cuj ^ Lo wiJij .^Uui: ^>t ^oiJ! ^ij ^Lgitl-uVI <Jl]j J^j ^!j *^ 

^V J*-a) ^1 «^1» «w-i]i» i«^^u -j_^h> vill^ «jAiUuIi» ^^ <:lQ «JU1I» Jh* « ^^'^ iSS" o^ 

«^h, J «^)) f^j-^^A. J^i^-li Jjl jV J^ 

: Jf-i*^tj JoaJlj 5;la^aJI 

i^<:^ ^^^ jju dljj ^l^Vl jMLl ji <ou^Vl LU:l^1 jt <luVl ^j ^ 6>i <^j <d>^ 



^^Y ->M /> .1 ji^Vb as^i^ ^u^i jiiiu ^^ -^^ ^^^' ^^ <:^ j.^>ii^ ^t!S (V) 

«rrr» 



:^U. ^Qii^ .Ug^ ^^ V a^fj^ilj ^)3 JjVl jV f^ljl J^ Vj^Llil J^ Vjci^a^Vl 

jL£ Ijl l^l.;:^.^^ ^n :Jl\:i JiJL jU^ .a^S^ L^V^w^l,) 

(^)» jif ^ . ^jn^i (^^J(» j((^ Jj^l» :^Lu dji <£loj «(jJl«s1 Lh) \Jj^ ^jjA:1\ />£. jUkVL 



.rv^^^^Jii (r) 



Jlljl > a-1 o^ ^J c5i»l y^J^' C5^' ^^^^' '>^' V^"' l»^ c"^'^' > f^ J^-^ '^■>" 

j^j L^iji^ J^jll ^ c>ii- '-yt" o4 I-H^'J 'C^^^-^l .Ij5 ..i^ C)^ "^ ifiJ -^J" 

^^1 ai>^l Jti ^J '^l-i 'Jd^' oi^J ^^^ ^-^' </ ^^ "'^'" ^'"^ '^'^^'l 
^ ,<L«j ^ <"j ^ ^>»^« -^^J ^^ ^ I>»'J c*^^-^' J^' -^-^ •'"'^'" "^^ " - '" ^^' 

j^ ^ ^i>^i» ^ (^ OVV-) ^^uvi ois^i ^1 0^ ^j «r-^' =^ J^^ J^>^^'» 

.u^ Uj T^ ^\j^i\ J^ ^ -U-^i ^Ji^^ij s:^^"^' ^ >y ^ oiiii (0) 

«rro» 



Jli t-j <1^ j^ ^1 ,i^ ,r'^^^ ^ jjji ^i^, ^^ L^ ^^1 y^^^ .^ ,.i-:...n 

L^^L ,j_^l ^ s^i j^ t^ ,J1^ j,l j^^ <k ^^j ^.,^1 ^ „.lLtl„ j„^Ui|„ j„j,|_^l„ 
'-»"^ <a^ ^jLAli c^ oil£ jl jxVl Jji ^ J^jll i-^ ^^ ^j <ii;>-=all SjtUIL tilt 

t^U' ^ Vj ^tlll ^ Vj -A. a^Vl ^> yu fJj J^ii^l iJQ ^ cu^ Ulj,, :4jji ^ cU 

^ cui V f^ljlj ,o ijla. V jSLJIj ,/^U ^QJIj .14^ ^^i ailj^lj .j^l^ j^^Vl jV 
»^ ^JaJUI ^1^1 2^ Laji jJj .''>,<eJQII ^j JijLi, ^^ ^- V 4,1^1 ^iti j^ jj^ j^5 



.Y. -^^oUWlJSa^,^...l^^tiS (Y) 
YY J Y^ -YA J YY c,UWI j^j ^ j .^1^ n ^LiS ^^ ML>ilj Sj>iil Jkll j. Ijil _>]ii; (£) 

.YT£ J rrrj\ci-\crj wxj s-kxj \iy ^ \ai -nay/\ jji^vij asjJi j-Ukjij 

»YY-\, 



^M^i > ^j^_ i Uj a>^- L»» ^ ^5»^ .i^si ^ ji3 < Lei JiJij ^i^ c^j ' ^y-^i 
jtjij ji^ c^i-5» :.Jij«<: r-"^i i5>?> c^9^^ t?-^' ^'3 oLi 'j--'!f ' J^ ^c^h '^^' 

L^V iuUill c^h >Uy>u. LfiV ^jVl «vif3» ->^ ^ «tsj-='' v^Jii ^J '^•*-^" J «tf>^' 

6e u^» o*'^ ^J "o^ ^ ^'^" ^-^ vL-^Vlj .-^1 ^ Ujjjij JL=.J1 .L^l JU.i-1 
jj^ t^ill jli dial m Cjl^l^'Ui ^UjLi^l <J5j.L^I .U^l fr'- ' j ' "' «^5U 

i^Uj f^U„ J^ ^1 i4>ll J-5 J^^" u' ^> Ofl^b .(-"VI a^ J*-ill Ol 1-^ '-^ ^ o*^ 

iji Ji>i:;j .J--VI ^ <Jc ^:^u j^iJi ^ il> s^ i-itui ^ li* d^ ... .s^iij .^1% 

,.5I^I„ .cJS ^j^ oLc^ I Jli .. »»^ >*» «a^^ ^, :^ U jj: ^ ^ > 11^ oulj 

>^^i > o5Lju:ui <^ oJiu c5:iit ^,^^1 > -^vi li* ui'i-i «'"^j ^^^^ L*j «<.b>. 



.'^'La 



^j -JxiJI J^u JJ1-.I j5i «.J.u»VL JVil^VI,. :JiU < Lj^^jL ^1 ^^5^1 Ifl. J e^lj 



«xrv» 



^ <jyj > 1,^ V «^^„ j( <«a>.».i_o,, J „^JtLs» ^ dji ^ j^^l J,t_iJ| <iVjJ ..am . 

i^^/Li .j^^ k^ aO» : y U us C^o:*. 41^^ ^ iJV, <Jjl ^ J,lli .^j^^j ^jL^„ 
l>.^ ., IIA J,^,. : l^lij .„j^ ^ ^iS^ ^ ^y, ^^ ,^^j^ ^^ j^LjSJ i^^l „i^„ 

.4. u^.^! ^ jij^:^j\ jis ji ,^tj i^i ^^i*. 4i^^ jij^vi ^u^ ^ <,^^„ 

^1 „ j«i dJx: ^ lii j.ai:i^l iiu Jbi Jtj jt;j..4^j „<iju^ sj_,|j j^Ui jj^ .^^^ ^ 
f.5UI j^ cJij L^i J^i j^ jOJlL '^jju: «J^^I„ „>_iJlj„ JU ,,_i.^H^I Jl„ yi„ j^^i 

t^J^di 4Jt J^ 6' o^ jiLi* 4>^jl jiiiil J^ S-^L ^^JJ^ Jsi^\ oSi „''>dJjI 
Jl«Jlj <JjVl JiljJS !^j <Sajj^ Jl*. ^Qll j.UJ;L JVi:L^VI J^ JJt 4iSJ ^U5J1 Jc 

rJjjUJI 

<iJLU 3iU ^j j.;jii^ ^ ^1 ^^ Uji^ ^LjVI ^Ui J.j'c; Jl ^jUVI :^l Ui; 

Ce^^l j_^l UjjJ ^ji j( o^ J^_^j .^^ <iiyj| s^Qyi ^^^^.^^ j^i^ 1^1^ .CioijSJI 
" « L-e^j Ij^ii <i]ll jLSj,, .-^U: d^ Sjilj „^LS„ ^j^j:is^^ ^t JLSj„ :<J^ ^ Jjjjj 
^ Sjilj « j(Sj» :„»,A^ ^1 JjSj,, :.uk Ijlj ^^jLuVI ^ jl, J.I Jlii ,„^,o^j ^^ <J]|j„ :»l:bL» 



.\S-\AoUJVIjSj^_^..ali^^tiS (r) 

.IjiVlj vJijJt j^L^I :JVji--,VI ^l^ki^l ^>ijj r\ oLilVI ^J^j.o-;;>.^Li£ (T) 

.Uj^ij vr J o-v J 0. e.i>vij V. j,i3>iij \«Y J ^. . J ^■; .UJI (i) 

aYVAs 



^^ u.b s^.i^i >-'^' J^ c,.Wi^' ^' ^ '^ •^"^" ' ^'^' ^' ^ "^'^ 

:^i -^ Uo^ ^ .. LI., e^ «>li^l» >-^' <^' C5^ t^^' ^^^ ^^ ^'' ^^ 



/Y slj^l .Ui!) .t>ll i^ >* j^U o^ =i-l- '^-^ '> '^^ f"-^' 



AY J -v. jlj-i.V( 


(M 


.■\Y jIj-^VI 


{^) 


.■\jO^I 


D 


Ai-c oi t^^"* ^ 


(0 


.(oA 




. NV O^ilt 


(°) 



rn^ 






o-UJI iUUl Jli > . l^^ 3U,I jjl^ s_^ ^, ^ ^^, ^^^^^, ^, ^^ 

:^LiJI J15 „JL1£ U)„ -.^^ ^^^i^, ^^ ^ ^^ L^^ _^^^,^^ 

:h. ^O-ii- ^.^*- ,,^VI» 04 J>SII ^ f^-L*.Ll. L^j .'^'i^jLidl ^j^ J. jL^i j^ 

''1 I ■ I r 



.£r\/\^i3ji (^) 

. <aj;UJI (Y) 

.»^ U ^1^1 oALill ^ ^LSJI ^ <£, ^ Ji:^ XT oUWI jSj ^ j.^-^. ^bS (r) 

.rYAJ^jjYo. oUUUJIJIjLJIja^laJU^iJIj^ (i) 

.A-Vj).u^VI:Cjuijaic».U^>iy Y\\/>,|jiV!jU;^(j-Liuijbi. (0) 

. . ^ Ao i4^ij jSiiij s^r^j^^ jn:^ \ or /> ,\su^\j ^^i j- u^.! jii. (-x) 

. \A oUkUJI JljUl ^i«JI a:U»aJI ^^ jJii; (V) 

«Y1 *a 



llw ^ j4i JjVl ^jJI Ui .<J1 <2^ ikl J,] ^^ jl j^ jj >i ^,i^ jUj .;: Ui^Vlj 
J YI1=.» .11, ..u^^i Jl <,Uj : L^ <^L^ jj j.1 j^..^ l^ ^u iijLHu* Jl^l\> 6Lu:i 
«JI> JIji" J «Jlj2 JljS» :dlj5 ^ „^VI» ^5.^ ^5^ t^jS ^ ^^1 ^ U^(L.jj .^Lki« 

Jt H_jl^ 0:ji. UI «^„ jl, .ijjjj ,,,<'>4ili» -.ji^iH Jc jAudj^ Ui.) :y^l l^jj,\ Jji 

ijtLill J^ ^^ ,JI» ^ Ljijjju j^ __^i^l 

^ ,j.x^ ii»j .,_/^ «ji„ <jc cJi.jf «y^ ,^^1,, j^ ^r j*i «p«i„ j^i jv 

fiJi^^ %Hl>^j -5jl>J!j ^JL>lillj p L*«.V! .>iu \ji ^1 S^Ui 4Lu j- <J) ^j L 

:jAj . j4^ljL jJc ^ J^ ^_>^ jj ^ o^_^ ^jl J*^ j>o 0=.) Jit <Jt ovlLI j,1 J Jj.^ 

all ^ ^_^ <_<,iL^ ^ ij-* c-i2i jjjj .>_4^ ^^:^ ^ Jj: l^^ jiufvi *jA o--^ ui 

<}iJ ^L <kU j.^ ^ U ,,^l„ o^oil Lilj,, :JL5 J^j.^.^ ^1 J;UH 0,1 ^ uUjll 
J <.wijUi« j^ ilVj (> jl^j Vi) »w,j.^» jl «JjjLi-» J «JcU» yir. <ljj j_yi ^ ^^ jjl JjOJ! 



.ov^-oy. ji3^rr\oLUUJ!jijk]ij^ij:u^ij^jii, (^) 

, NA CiUUUJI JljUl ^v^l jjL.aill j;;_>^ (Y) 

.YA. -YA^oLlL^UJl Jljyi^l a:u»il|^__^ (Y) 

.^^T ji^ji^i jju^i^^ (i) 

J YVV J >AY J V\ -V. J YY oUUUJI Jl>ll ^^1 jIL^j j^ :^ Jd^j ^ ^u. (,) 

J\.v-^.£J-^.l/^^lJJlJa£o_aaJ^AaJ^Y^-^YAJA^i^^lJ^j^lJYAv 

.r^.JY..-Y^^/YJ■\Y■^Jlr^JYr^J^e■\ 

«Y1\» 



j£i ^p»*^ ^^^ liV ;Jii s>-iJi (>*e Ciii-' o---^ t^^' jl-^ H J^^ J^ '^•^ •J'-* 
.i>ii Ji t^jLiVi :,.r41i J>5 :^ »ii.i jS i1> *^b tjJJ' 4>^' '^u^ j-4y .''«olSj^i 

^ j^^^ t5JJI JaJLill li* <y^j M-i-i H' J^J -^^b vW o^ «U-«j s>-»» J «-^>'> 
l^lJ^j ajk: V c.Ue>3 l4-y^J J^'-*^" Ji-^ ^ (^-^1 :>» t-^ 't^ J' ^^'^ ^ ^Ji^ 
a-.j ^ uL^ <^4l«j <^i- ^jS i-y:^ > U- Vj >»ljlill »^ l4eJ' ir ti-i V oiLJ^ 

.u u uiJi >^ <au^j yjj^iV' :>^Ui^V y^i^' >=^ c^' ^^' ^^^^ 



.>(..-\\\/\ »l jiil/lj ^iSjll c^-^' (^) 



Jji (^jic <Ui ^ikl ^ Lo \1Aj (( OJ^ «m» (j^ j-o( <JLai J^V Cjjj^ «a-wj1» :tt*^!» J («CMJJ» jj-0 j^] 

villj ^ i 'r^j jJ Lui (f^j-^li Cijj^j I Icj_-o( ^'ji 0>-*^ ^i-i» :JLaj^ ^jALaJI ^-i j ■ '**^JJ ^'^'^^^ 

jJk Leu 4jlt aJSj j5jJ» l^f^^U ^ft->io i lAjt t<Cw-ui» t-iii j t«<ljlj)) j «Jjj()> ^2>* i^J^^^U O^aJf 

: JU:i dj5 ^ «fe>* of '» *^->^ ^ IjIjVI <fi-j:S ^^ <-6^l:S ^ Jlii j^.1 v_iL^ ^ ila ^ ^%-4-ijl 

f^ «^jl» J «,^>A5l» ^jjj ^^ «J;jl ») :<_Ai J^i^Vl ^jl^ .<{OaJLj)) J^ j^l <iwa] J)V :Jjii Sj-i-uSlL IjIjj 
^Jxki\ ^jz «<1jI)) i^ «»^ijVi» IjjjM^j (ft^j^j Aj r n ft A J 6 J 1 <ri\j ftjjtijji pLcw-uVI wjojjlIj ajJi^c- 

«^Via .l=kli)> 6j-*l»c. ijuJuB :jjt fri">n ^ J[>5j djtV tj«u^L» Sjjic Liijf)) l^.^Tiu <« I uf , Aj>t)C 



.ll. 









(r) 


.NN"\ij:U! 


(r) 


.sr^.^;^! 


(£) 


.NYSjiUl 


(o) 


.N."\Sa:UI 


(1) 


"A* Sij^i Sjj^ui* 


(V) 


.NYl^^Lolll 


(A) 



;Tir> 



:Ja 6J^1 t-if^l j-_ji-L^ «Ajuul JLS jj» :Ji-Lft IJU ^j^ ,^LijJl Li (Z>n i n 4 ^L^j 1j-5 (x^liiJau 



n " 



^WUJ » J tt^kUUJ » ^.JOJ 



V! 



^Jt iiljil Ciijll ^ jy ft,4,*i Lala «J^j Li UjLic ^^>u^1» tiilji^ j-*Vl A^iTtf <LaI (jV <<ui aV Vj ^1 

^^jjawfl (^>a^ MAj^ J Mi^ll ^^ ftitj-a.)) J WiUajSw pLi^ <-L j-oVL <l j i .m1I I ^^^i£~ ^jA.j . <LL<a^ 

. «jLlaS jliaj)) J «jijj Jl^» J aJljS Jl^Stt :^jjaJi ^V( 

J^ ^ C^J^' LuLU J^^ <^J^ J-* <il>a-iil ^^*_*AiLI (^jUS *<a-u4^tjLLluil (^jlj-i-JI 

C^j^uaJI g^lo J>A «Lwil La I4JC jljjj ^Jajj^j (^Lill ^yflj < ^,>e^J cH^U JiS^^J JjlLJII 



.r\o-TM/NJj:^VIj^^t^LAil (r) 
.Ojyu ^ Y^^ -YA^ >iij Y^^ -Y^. oUUUJi Jl^l ^^i uiL-aiii ^^ (i) 

«Y£1)) 



^^1 ^ ^^j^^a^ j^ j^l ^UxJl ^] :Ua ^p^) L^^lc ^:,j.t,j U^oL ^U) fjl o^%i 

^ "^ "^^ i> ^^i /jiS <^>^^^ ^l:;^ 4iJ]a L^-ej-^ JxLsslj ^j^\ jaJ L^ ^ ( jij jf jju ^^^ 

A\ -A. L&ij^-s-iii ce>^l jW^I? aa -av ceH>^^^ «T*2',>* t^ *jW-^b « * -^ - -^^ j ' ^^ (^) 
sij^i .uijtro /N jiaia 5^125 Mr .uvi Uj^j ^v^ -sv, c^u^Aiib ca>^i oUA? 

-^^ ~\A/\ SU^I <Jbj TAN -YA. /\ .LaVl ^,.=^j oA-eV/T 

«r£o» 



(j^l ^H» o'^j '^^^U ^T*^ o^ ^^ O^j CJ^^*'^^ ^>*ds caUaJ' kft^j ^j^ ^>*^» L?*^3^' 

^ 'Afliu ft iji^l *jLi.l ^^ ^1^ ill V| Ij^l JJjU ij <t_JjU y(-> ,^1 Kjb <1 ^JJ lift A-65 

■^ ^jhs **d5ff^ v^ o^.^e-* j^ '^^ Ujf* u^ u^j^J ^j^j Cj^jS^f (^i Jf^ ^ *<^ jj-^^ 

p Ijl ^Lil>-a ^ '>^a-^ 0:f*J-^' C?h?>=*^' L>* u^ '"J '^ C>f ' J" J:^-* >^'^ L>^ f^^' c>f ' ^-">l9 
<£.Liii. j^t'> ibLojLujSLrfcall (iV^ <US *-<i^ «cw^_>4ili)> :<ut:sU Lwl^l <J[ill J^ ^^K Li oSmi 

(^jLiiVI Lai .^J^Jla aL^j! jsn^ yf I A"j a] ^jjdll (^jIajuJI SLa»-j]! pVjJb ^2>-a JS »,j AJ.fi < Jij'i'*^" fc* 



.rrv^^^ujiiij^ajiuy {S) 
. \v\ ->v. c^u^iiij Qj±F^i oUjI* (t) 



JU J^ ^ .^'^o^joll ^ tp-^l ^a^-Vi ^Uk^l J(^ <ij^^ -<jVi > jaju JukV]\_^l 
O^ J ' ^' J>^ j^( <>" <^f ^j^ *iij *GLilua-aj <aljl ^^ CA^AoII iJ^ J^ ' JeJ^ Mi J'^ ^^^ ^-^ 

jljjj ^ i n i 1 5 <-ujjJf jJc <lt 3A1 ^>*^b *r*^ ->:?^ J^^ Gh^ jL-uo^ ^V ^L^ jiij 

LJa^ OLilj L* :<ijij ^Oosk^l jL^^I <Gfcdta^ LaaIJj «GiLa. (J[^ ^^yjllll ^Ij^j^..^^! 

Jj^*ij' i--fl i j-juti a !j fr LwiJ^^ ^oijjJI Jj-o ^>"lj ^jLa j-aui 6J-a-juj*a i^U j_L. * -^ " -^ ^ J_5j jL^_lJ( j-jflvLa 
ii^i La-ajLl oia.L-a ^^j ^^UJIj Lljjlj ^Ljjil <-*a.La ^^ <JUil jL^j a'^w^ a. Ij^K 

^s^ ^>^:uii ii^ii: <] jl£j .«'*^£UJIj ^^( yo.Lo ^ <IL5t^ JIJI ^^.oiaJlj ji^l Sf^Ljiilj 

^iill j^( ^^U/^lj . (^ TTV) ^jalf (^J-a-^f i^Ukill^jl^i Jjrtniid ^*>j J-eoi.1 ^^^JjLa. ^| 



- r . r j^]j <idji ^ 6}lj!j £,1^ ^ ^>^l ^1 (r) 

lY -lY ^>L^ j^ ^-aaJ! ^!j Yl^ ~YT^ qH>i^b C&»>=-^^ olV* (*) 
«Y1V)> 



^JJ "^jf^ u- j^jll t> Mii^j Uilj^ ^Ul (O^ ^j l^^Ji^ ^ L^ s_^ ^lij^ ^_il^j 

U«,^UJL Ij/a c^jli ue>^tUl JL^ <>i-j JJbJJlj J^jlOllj JJxiJI <^lai.i^l j, s ^^yu 
^^L jSTGj <:>u>^) j-iI^Ij ^Lill cyujJll ^ c^L^ j^\ cLiliUl 6^4^ JLU Ja^lj 
J^L^ JJ*Ui ^L«l J* qu^jUl c»u jL>i* L^u ^LlAVi ^ 6j.uat *.Lck J^Lii <^ ^ollj 

'^U <:! ^ «^^i jic ^ ^ii^i» ;|^i j.^ ^i:;^ OifG ^1 ^^ju-cxjU <x1II >biji^j i*^i 

.V>i UIi.1 L^ -.LlAlj^^l J^La j-Oi J^ Jjii 6je^ ^^ .j^^ 

a- ^jSlI >^l ^ ^iU.Vf ^^ ^ L^ c^LS ^b Ly f J^ 

o^ jSi L* 5^ ^Uik.^ Xi <^-^f -^Liil oVVj fji^^ ^j <Jc l^xik*^ ^jJI cev^ujUl 

^^U.3ll ^^1 aSj *CA:i^>^l JiUfu ^Ijfj C>h*45^' ot,^,lii.^.o > L^ j^ <aVj l^ai ^Ij 



.Ua»^UJ^fi^^JLuuSJ>.^>u«J!J^\JA^|^ailI^VcMa,^ (Y) 
«Y£A» 



J>^i ^> 4lk^lL.I U. l^ ^^^j . LjJc JjSjJIj 1^1^ ci^j Ljij^J .^Ijifll \:u, ^ 

:^ C«j /''..o^j. jIS. Vj yLlS ^ ^i^ ^ U* ULii f.^ oijij ^.^i^ j^all UiUt :,c 
C>^» :JUi ,)j^l ^ ^0^ L.,^^^ Qj-i^lj CW>^I i^^ cULS ^j .U*]| .VjA juh 
.-<UI -c^j -2.U>(I ^^( -^ ^1^1 jL^^l j,l Ui^ ^.^ ol^j j.4:u5f OriJill ^U^\ 

oijij <:t olil > .L^i ^ cj£j Ulj» :JUi ll^^ .V^ »^j >_^ ^ ^„ <'»... j_j^j_^ 
oL^L^^I ^> 6j£j| U ^(j ^^ Jv>i JS Jl 6aLu,lj 411 <Jii( L« <Ji Jc Ou£U ^ 



WjtiyVA.^IJk^C.LA.VI (>) 
.A. -V\ jc^\ JJt ^ ^UuVI (V) 

. A . -v^ j^i jja ^ ^L^vi (r) 



(Yl^, 



■k^ .y^i Jj^l .j.:^^ Jilu^ Jt ^ij] jLu^ 

JU- ji .li^Jj <tL.^=^ Jit ^LmxjS :^ jp.uiJI jjI 6jtlkl L^ jjISljo .Jtii ^vi JL^ j> >. .--_■ 
«Ui ^:^l jX: Jl J^ _^| j^l lis jl_^j„ :<Jji ^U^ll 4jt jjj«j^U J[>S liij,, :J(J5 ^ 

r-^ jj^ <-ii ^ jL^ 0;.^j < i^ ^jL^i ^j ^u^vi (> ji V l .l^vi > oV 

"tr^ j-uij U.) ^Vl ji tji ..U _>^i j^ "yjiijilii <fLl£ ^ 6Aa.j .il_..^i-j 6j^ J^U 
t- "je^ i> j--^i JWj-* t- li-Lk: Ujisj jj,j ,^^i ^^i ^ ^^ ^^jj^ ^^] ^_^lji 
Hj Cu^ LLj ^^uA« a cu^ij *L<>^Vl i,laa.1 .til > oai.1 <L«i» :JUiVl -.aIjju <|;j;_..- <j ^t 



. . j^l Jit yi j-U^VI (Y) 

.Nr/\^ijSji (t) 

^ JLJI Jiiy (\-\r ijL^ ^ j^x.a=JI jjI ^ ilii) Y -LjLi^ -^jJ-U ^^ /^ vl^l 0) 

kYO'B 



^^^ jUl U^j^l» Jliij^i Ij^^^j Jl:^j«^'^LuAJ_:^L jUlj^^SUfl Vj lluul ^J 

^>*-c ^^\ ^ ;j^^ «?3iLa* ii^h) :Jj^ ^ « jJLklx j^j» tdU^ >^ f>*^l ^^ J^ ^vJ 

f4i <:^^ ur-'^J t^>^' ^J^^ c^ ^^'^5 J^L«JL JL^) ^_^ Cf^jH^\ 0(.n,j< j^l j^^Ls 
tf^Lfl)) ^ ^^L5^ /;! Ja jj j^ ^ ^IS j^3» :oJS UU (<iaiLi jiSjI « juj aL3» icJS Ijji **Lii J|>a3LLi 

LUi-s\ « Ijj^rt CiXij «cf^1 jjj» ;cJ5 ijU :JLa < t;4ilt «"'" ^< jf lt^^ < < "*^ j « J-»3 aLS» \*_^ 

Ji^Ij V i>XiC ^J\ J^Lcj ,^( ^JS\ jj^ JaLi jjjjLDI ^ Sjt>^ JUi ^,^,^11 ^^^Ijui jli:i (^>A? 
IXIaII ^ JaUlt ji ^^-u^J 11^ ^^*^j 'lif l-^ -1^ ^j-^j ^^ iJ>J^ VI jj^ i <1LJI 6JJfc ^j 

.VlJl^l^:iU3l^JLJ! (Y) 

,MAjiiJ!^::iL^i^jLJi (r) 

«Yo\» 



t*^ 0^ ^jl9 ^ c5-^ LoiLi LLLuu **i*y-o j-^-a. «(_jJxi jl «*:iL3ti» jj^^ ^^ ^iS U j-«^ <UuLij 

Uji^^aaIj U:?*^.^^^ iJS^Lk jlj^ ^^ oIjj CaJ^j Ui 

'^>m ^r""^ C-^ "^" cr^ ^^ «oL>j^.Mj)) J «c*tjt^>^tt-^» i*^l j^lj *jLJj ^^jx. ^a^fe jj^j 

<uic LuL5 j^^aij '4>ii( OaLUI (jJh ^ c:l^ L ^jJc Id-aSa-o « jjjji^h) ^Jc ({^^aj^])) «_a:^ (^LSfl 
I n ^ Ti }-a ^n -^ ,_>uLS (^j^xtU-aJ! ijJilA (j-^J *^i^ L-uL^ <Luj^ x-A^I «^j^ljfci» j-Aj 4,j t itilt » ft-v 
Jx-aVl j^ ^jll >Aj J;^^ c>«^ .>f^ «oUj^» J «oljlj-a-s*.)> JlSji pLlltj ^VL (^Tu pi 3U.ti 

^ "^ t nj <1 <] (Ujum V )J-4j .mllfL <1£LaJE (((2,^JL[i» uLj^aJu {<j2i5>^-^*M ^^UJ^^^^' JA5 ^ " (] * * 7 
^ J ft . M .i l t «ofj-a.^» J wot %{Ul) jJij jailll ^^ << ^ \ 1 <7ij <lx,j_i ^^^ <Li^ Lculj LlLuu ^J-6 ^ft-^ 

(jIIa J|» pij-flJJ j ^ g n -^ 6«^'j-5 ^ j^n nil SjLaiVI Juuil (.llxi <]j^ << 1 m j ^1 »-u>«. J>«J 

?^ljx.VI j^ ^tjcVl j^ ctiaLc <j o,>^ Lo ^_j-!£. I dd -^j U (fjjI^^^LuJ (j'j^ u^" -jJfl ^?^^ ^'j^ 

.^AV/Y5^llltyc^^JlJ^ (T) 

.ur/riai^i^^^ij^ (r) 

AXaL (i) 



«YoY 






.oA/TSIj^IaUI (N) 

. N • • Jj^liil Jj-a!^^ iAjI^I Jj^'"" (V) 



.Yor, 



Jjl:^ IjU ?^^f V^y* W:^*' iajflnift ij^^i^AaJj ^>,i<irtMj jijj J-al^lj)) :JlS «LL>ji<aiJ JaAj ^ ilju^ 
Jj! JA.J Ijl ^^jjuli :iU ^Jc jt J^j ijA^lj !>Uc J-4JU tjjl ^ ({Jftjll ^^^j\ (5^1 ^ ^y J Ljl^ 

ia^JUu ^L^ jlj :JU ...j^LJI > 4^1 jiijil JjV j^j (j| 41* (^J ^xii I jl >fi j-iJI .-^^ 

^ <l,>iio 6.bi o^ i^j^ Ci^ ut t^^^--^ f4i ''<< M^ U ^ j«^ ji^i AAa U 01 Vi» :Jlia 






(Vol, 



<ULj-ij J^L£ uJj-a.J Jxij ^-t-ul Jjrf 1 t J ^ -^ A^il^l ^\ ) jjfc ^j-i«-6J «<-Jt vlfctlj i^jJf Jji^^i CldoJ^ 

# # Jit 

. I jj t4 j^-aj ^1 cjVUJI 6J-4^ VJ*' uf^'-*^' v>* *^*^ Jl ^J *4*^' til lA rtj <j VjjuLaj ^LcLij 

*jjj I j'n ft 6lj-t^ La ^J^J <LaJl:L-a ;jl*-6 ^^1 <-i-a ^j"^ I Lokiic ^)jX.Vt ^jl\ 4lo ^^^ ^J"^ J*-^b 
. Lijua (^fij-fi '-^.^ J^ V>*^' Ja^I jl A.*^VI (_^tA-o ij^l *Lii ^1^ J ujj^lj -<jfj^! ^j <^LJi 

.<l^*-cs^! AxMitJlj Ji\ ntJrtWj SjL^VI pLdj-uts Liu] <^l*-a <^j^l ialill ^^IaII 6jfl A.v-^lt.ilj 

:^jiLi^ ^JaJi J^liJU^ ^ ^1 j1 

*^^JL? 'Jj^' a:f^ t> O^^ ^^ (j-'j V^'^^f^*-^' J^*^' ^-^»J«,^^*»;^«U>^'»i^ <^h 
C^^.^a^ diljij <<!« L-a^C ijj^^ Cul^ '^(_j-^ ijd>^' tJ-° O^J^ ^J '**ii>^' W^ C>^^ <^^>:aJI ^\ 

J 4^illlU «^Vl)> J <J5Slll «Ajli» CjJj^ « Jh> -Jk ^j^j ^JtA^ «^^-^AAi» ^^ (joll ^^j Joii «pLill)) 



.TY"V ^ULlII ^U^ (N) 

^•^v ~>%Y /\ (^Lu.) ^\^\ ^ (Y) 



;T0O] 



« Jj,J)> JJU Jt-Ti J fl J^ J <JU-ij«a j^ «<jo^li. Ijjj ^^^yj»> rdijSj tCiilsui <(jgHl i» ijj.5 «jja_uoll)} 

Loj» -iP^-*^ ^>^ P^*-^b Jl^f AjjiH ^ n ft J a] JxiJI ^ (JaLJI 4jt^ (j|^ «Ojt_>-*» jJk <iui-LaJI 

((^^"Uj J^h) :^j5aJ)j s^j 1 n,i n jj<r> o # t*^3^l J^lH^' cT*"**^ -{M-l^ c^ ** Luu^jIj) ^ji ^^j <LiLAJ Lfi-oj 
jJbj *Lji (^\j ^1 ■ti'sllj «j^^l tj» :jJjiailj - ^1 I A i O ^ V'v^ ^jlc ^j (tj ^mf » jx^ 4JI <b j n II I Jlij 

J;Lsw ^1 <:KniJ .JLaJI ^-^>4 ^^ jJi ^ fl <Jil Jl i-wfeji jLuti^ ^jjl Li .« \j£.j LfiA ,^J» : JL*I» 



.r .A 5^1 Ij^j YA V" Sj,>-o VA. /Y <e>^' ^^^b '^'^^ ^*^' ^4^ (^) 

«Yol» 



Jju Ltt «Gljij iitfl\g Ajjjaj <Ljj^tall( <Jj_t^ij <jlj] j^ Lluj oSj jjUuj^ JjjI ^j* ^^^ V»'t Ij^j 



«YoV» 






*iJjU LiL^i jiuiJj lii^ ,a«.^2 SjjaiLo olji^i l^ cwtii ^ii c^a^LaJJ jLuiflj tfifj^ Jl^b 
jy^ LjU ^ \ 1 ^Ix a>J>k j>j j-a-a.1 f;La. ^^ dJjJ Llj: pjuLu3 ji J.. .i,,^* ^jt^ ^> ^*r: Ui 



jjuia-0 Ctlfl "i ml <jLoJ j^J '«ULr>^ il>^' '^ 7^ '" "» <Ld-ji-uL *^J^^Jut A^L^Ij ««^Usiltl» <jjX^ i^j 

^^J-l^^ Lf^'j ^Laax]! ^\ <jjJj >SL^ JJuj ^^^Ludt Jr Altl i <i^jl-%,U <Cujt <LijijLft^ rjj ^jl J*j -A 

;2/t niUli a*-oj I d /^*^'^ ^ SjJj£ SjJA-a (^-iflj SjJda. ^-tA^J Ji>LJL ^j A fl n ^jl J- Uauu-uLi -Jb VTi 

f pi* 

J^Lj ^^ a^JX-J l^j^j^ jS l^'^ U:?'^' ^jt^j-aiaLall f- jL-uj 6JJU J^ *C11jJ Cigt tAj oLa (^yllsk 6pUi^ 

I^^J .^0 " rtlSi jlj Ufcj J -^ *i I J t-^J lj)l^"'*'j J "^ ^ (5-^ Aj^'trtJ A J^U^ Jl A^-oljJ Ij I II Klfj i^jJUll 

^j^ljilj jLl^VIj ^.jjjjjt oJljiJ \jJlLjm\j jiUl nillj cL^JtV) jJ^LLm ^■.j,l7tr^ ft> UtjiaL^lj ^k^-oljJ 
f- LjV Ij f? Laixf I l^jJBj < l^J r* d V (^j I ^l * i-it ttiii Jj> itilj ^{ i 11 ■^'!if Ij j-uull <.juaj^ 1 (j i<^ J^O^Ljla 
^j l4iL=wjij ^-ojkj CijJsJjU (4] j;i-i-aj> j^ ^I ^4^ <^J^^ CiOAj ^d^C ^J^J iP !,>A-*^lj 

wiU-aili .(i^jjkl LILl.3*! 5jLx«iij SjaIIj iV<-> Cj^' (^^/L-oO^h-J-Juaa J^LjJI ^ 6^^-iiu ^Jc ^jt ^latA Ijj^i 

- a* ■>^ "-v i^uLaJI Vj^y^ ^^^ i^ ^ W\ I II ft oj.S ' dlj ^ L^l VI P^Liilj ^JjsJIj U^all juLJI 

cL-Lxuii ^j-Lcl Ld-J tJil-LuLa — le^j J)-*^' Jl5-^ ~~a Lr.tJ I j-i-^f J^t LvjU ^ *j^ a aNt^i, ft 6jj ^jJl *l hIi III' 
ji>Ull ^' I > -' Jl jjjjlf r.^ in ■ aj.^^l <aLi7iHj j r/^n ^^ <_LijjVt <Jj*ill Caljlal <Uj J ^ j Ir ULLLu 

Jj^jl^l Jlaj <C ^ , j vj l* /^n ^jlj i^^IaII Ojj ^ja-jojl L^j <_xa-iL-cJI w4X>^l jLajC, ^>a^ ;jl 
j:^ ^_^ jlj -^" niVi j^ t^juxi-l^f C^; 1^ n '^11 J-*-o t;,A-aLJLl ^^c t>J4jlJ (_^iL*ajV) ^J4^1\ SLa-A 
^_^uj-Li>-a A^ ^ ^^LS Lo I ft J »n ij <Ui^j ^^.^iLi-jVI J^vill j i t i u lj J^LJf Oj ^"* n iU .(1^-aLuIl 
6j^i.n,'tl,l <:^>sus AJJU CAAj^ftJ^i:: ^_^ 6l3-iJI <^j^ j^^^ ^ill j>s-l I i^liil Jj^l j^^L-o f4^JJ 
L4JI 6J>iJ J-o Jjt-^ (^.iJI «_-LuLlll ij^J^ L-aJ^ d-U jijJtj «/^i I t J J 4 jj-ul jjl J^ ^x4lJj( j^l 
jIaI Ivijlj ^.ir I z^'^'-^ yU ' ^1 ■ •fl\"i |i ^U^lolt ^c <,iJjjVI ^JjJji jj| ji.<rv"ift.i aJj ._& \iA <Xjuj 6j?i'^ t i>j 



^ t^^JU*^' 1>^*JL5 U^'^^ >*^ J-^LuIl fiL^i Ij-alAlj ipLJall IjJjii <jiLA^I 4-L^lill ^1 ^j^l 
^k^aJI ^JuJlj ^4^jL uix*i» ^_jl^ ullj^ ^Vl JJij . UpLak Ij* -> i%j <*J>a]I <ill(j <-ilij]l A^iaJI 

j^ jjjjf j^)> ^^1 ^llll l4^j3 -;^je'^l ^UJI dill <^ji3 «jj11 Sj^a^» l4£>L ^1 ^ 



(M 



<el;alf ^>i*iL <^>lVI (^^Lu-VI ^LJI ^IL2| ^^ oIj^ U£ <j.ktt <<;j^i olj^j *i^^j Jt 
jL£ oil .<, ^j't^H A^LioiVI aJLuj (3^^ Lu Lfjj^j I ^ ft jtLu ^ cJdx. jjl dju V| I ^ U( it,; 

^\S IJ*\Aj .i^LtiJI ^_jj6 j^^'istVlj <lijll ^^^ dlLo t^o-o i-U'-^ ^ (JaL^ *^J_-o <] ^jLS \^jjl 



^to-^j «4:tj-^ij t^^>jjjui iJfijwj Y ji^ j>A3Ji ^t ji ^^-^r,L-ii! ;>^>-*J! ijjk^ jaju (^) 

.AY/v^^^3i>lJUi^>^ (r) 

:rx i -TTT /N ^^uvi ^j ^ A^ /v j*^ ^i oii^^ >ia (t) 

«Y1.» 



OjLuj tO'<:'^^' ^yJ^ <^^Luil A^iAJ lj|j(j"tjJ'il ^jj^^^^lj A^ijL ^^ ^h^Ui^^ 'JL>^ ^^^ * g' lift if A^ ,'u J 

Jacj .OLAj-Jt «;l^l J-=kJj <ljjli ^>L* (jfc N NV-) (^>i*i( AJJU ^jjI ^j^ *-iL 6Xi-a^ (j^ jf\ I til 

tjji Cj1.xau LuIj ^'^(jQ'^l '^ ^ t^^Ll^V 6Jb^^ <juijXa ',>^jS4 ^1 l^*.j|im><n a1 l<i^ (<j^aL^I <kjja>^ 
<1ijII ^j-S-* AJJIJ ^1 ^jj ftjU ^jt Ifi \j^l IsJi fjjll (-Jb \^V ~\ N * ) «;jStj^» -J will' h^jn III ^ 

(*QL«j ^_^ *^(j^' >4-^' J>* ^ Ml n '^ jjc a-ilj <<-uLii fcitj ^j La^ ^H*^^ ' ^'' y * 'j^ Cw'-^' 

. olala. JJjl jiU ^ u'j^* f^ iS^^ Ly^JJ f^J^h CxBJ^^ *^ ^h 



.YA 

«Y-\\» 



OJuxol 



f ** 

j^Lill ^ <i.^ o^o^ cjO^I jjuH* ^s^j jL-fl^VI Oili^ .^^ p 1^1 l^ ve-^b <^'^^ **^ '^ 
o^ L^jj f^ loA ^1^ <<:A:ii! 6^1>aJI j^o^ jl^ V 6jaJuj <^ J-oAlllj j^f ^ ^:iUaVI ^> 






<U^^*-a* **i>^ 4j-uja-a ^LiJ LuUul CjJC, <a^ oLujI^J ^^LsMi ^i>=^ >*l>^ J-* ^-^ ^^ '^ !>ftl*-aj 
cJa.J) IfJ^ >*-** t^ oLiu (J?>^^ %5^ <jLujJ-o LfLtij OJl$j *P tj-al( <SJa Jic j-^ >^ ^ OLiii 

Vj jlj^j <ijUb Sj^uaJI <aL^V1 <illu ^ ^>::^) JLG iOA jV Ij^ ^Qll ^^1 JjJ^ ^ 



, .r /\ J^l oUi» ^ 44I4IH <;U.j NTT ^U\Ja1\ ^ <*i^l ^ti^ Jliij (N) 



nT)) 



<UL («Jfc ATT") (^j>^' Of' *La-*^ji5 * Ij-A *uLL^ jv Li j-ij .«<Ilj t-iti)) -j ^ji^j-sJLI u\ ^ ^ I 

.^'oU^U >VboUIJ LlAJ«.I «^L^I oUjSil ^ Sj^jOlh) <ul:^ > CA^L (-Jb T^^-) 

ol^ljJl^j-^^<bl— L^(-jb 1TY-) vJLU ^_^| ^:^^^^L-oVI ^^Ij-w^'^JijiioL^fLJ 

^lll _j"^t l ^ I ^^ tit <UJj I "^ '^ _'"^ ^Ij <-*-oLk t,JLijl tr^'it jji>^ >ij *<ILo^l j-fl 4 -^ d 't ft — T 

^jil jL^i ^I^i ^> L4-o:ilti j4i^lj .^^f ^ AiL^VI <j»^^l L«.jjll ^Lu> ci- > tn1 l 

L ijl ^^-^.^^ oUufjJ ^J CiUI^Li <iu£ill) <jj^lj <J>illf oLwIj^l Ja <£.j-A^-a ^ ^^^ 
^ j.::^! ^ I4JI Of*^'j^' SLaJjf ^jJ j^ui^^Cli^^fli^l <j^Jilllj4jjJLiJ) CjLuuIjJlIL Om.jQ 

^jj.JL ^ <dJ) * ' -*- ^ Ajull oax. (..Ajiall ^^V t«SdjU]( JLaSu-ia*K) j«6iiLill JLa£(» :j-i^ Of' 



.T^ 



.^M/\ .l^!oUiL(^<:jl4lll<eLc (T) 

J T.^ /N ^^! oM>Ut 6>e-J 0^ ^-a-^' >^ TA /Y ^1^1 oli^ yi <;*M* ^^ (0 

.Y^A - 

«Y-\T» 



^>'-^ - W ^ >*J .SJI a>^^ 0.15 J-l 4^j ^o^ j,.ij_ ^ (_ ^j^^ , jL^ ^ 
i-^lj ."O-^o j«J*i:«j«jAi..:,j, J^ pU LJ^ ,L4^ JiLl^l ^ ^ Lj5^| juiVl 

J «.U»^ > .U L. JJ^ ^ 4J^ Otl^l ^ SUjWI ^1^ ^^1 JJ^I ^1 Jj;|j 

.J^l ..U„ o^«i u^L Jxi. .iUii ^ c.^1 I ji ^] :u*la».l olii^ l4^» .•«tl:.> J « Jlj» 
> ijlSl. aJVI 01 ts^Vl iWlj .s^,,.^ U^e^ J^l .Ui ..oijj oj^ ol^„ :^^ ^ij 
.^L;b-' «c^LL» J .^UxS.. ^L^ <Jjj ^^ , 1^1 yu jlj .JxiJI «.U„ oL^i dJiii ...L... 
Ij*4i J^l f^ yU J*iJI ^V Uo*. ^1 wifVI„.ljUI JU Uli>, :JUi .aJVl J=.i ^ l^u 

ait y;all <y^^ > .lail <IUVI j.j^:;:« iijLiJli sUjJI I4JU JJc ^^iUxi <MI <eii^^l 
Sijilll oL-lj Jl ^US ^ Slii) ^ -1Y . jkii, I i <]UVIj (.oi^l ^ JUiL-VI >^LSS (T) 

,Y-\£„ 



<^j^ Uj^ (^ VAN-) ^UVI ^ 3^>J) xlc j^ ^ol ^ 6^ l^( ^ 6Ll djL^ jij ijKdilll 
^«lJj J;i.^^jil (^ £££-) ^Ijll jj..A^jj|^^^^l <tL*a.S*.ljiJ) UJi <ic,j j...au^ J:^jj 

.oUlj-aJI Oi^lfl ^ jU-itsf I : L^_^l jj_aL Sj^iOll ^Ui ^4lo yj^ jUj -^'j --n ^^1 ^aiVl 
:L^j .<^ l>Lfti pLJaJI ^ A>a^-^ j^ J^j ..aa^ J^^ ^JjOI) ^^^ <eJ^^ <-^Vl ^llaj 

l3j.^i^ <ij5 ^ jjt5 L. <ui <^jLu] CAa%i cf>=^' J:^i*^L» <-oLaAi :JJi\ ,jjj\ 4^:^ ^ ^^\j 
^Uj^ ^j\^ LcuU ^^ {JyA xst ^j\ ^^ L>, :^ij^l <jVI > <-uUiJ( J^i ui5l>^ jc 
.-^*^L -if^^^l ^LJj» ^U^lj _^L ^\j jiL 1jJb» ;JLm ^' «^ iJj ^^;^i ^Llj Liuj3 

.<LI U^ jJa51« <qV «b Ixlul <jLij j^j «^^ 4>11 j» :<tj^ ^ *Jii jSJj ,<^ ._ik»JL ft^^jfjj 
j^^^f ^^Llj» :^jaI1Ij «ja^» :<]jS pliuVf jj^j *<! Ciau«dllj)) :<ijJaj<i!jl4VL ^j-o <i1 .illjj 

-^LJIjplJ! jui^ -^c i^ Liu Jj-a ^s^^ p Liu CA j ^ ^ j ^ )> :c-j>3ijuj ^^.i-oUj j-*U j>j) 1jJ)> :JU 
((^sll^L^j) :«iJji j£, ^:illil J^ia. <:V <j *^alaj ^ ^J^ j^)) :<I^ dllj Jkj «^y I Uf-a>.j 



.Y^uii^tVi (T) 

^ ij>^ij AjjjjdJi cUuijjf ^ Sui (Ljki^) Mr -^Y\ ^uiii oi.tjoii ^ s^iiii (r) 

.V£ 



.VAi S^^jftJi "kjyjM {i\ 



Jc ^jKji.a <jV <(jJSa)> :4]3.Ai ^,\"iu ^ P'j-^ 0^» '(j'~^ f^jij^uil ' fl * ^j[J <jyjt niSilj ft J * -> J jcfiL 
((jl^f » Jk^j JjI :( nis.\-s I :^jljjjSj <1a *-ij ^jj» Lat t<U ^JIxIa j-^ <«a^ >^ ^>^** ((pLaJIb a.^^ 

jjt^>aJll jjgtAil ^ ^Lkl( ^iL i,iUnli» :<fLuwi J] «GUuJ) ^^ tillj ^ ■ A1jj <a^ajl I O^*^^' 
edJI IjSjIj* ^ij-ltj^J ^J^ ij^ «A^J^'» >?-^ Sj.A:=k S*:ljS *tJ9^>* jic tdJ jj «>^l i^jj:^ Sjlx,! ^>-4C Jj-o 

^(^oIxAj ^ «<j» *Jj-fl j_fl «*^ Lft ( » Jl V 4U<lt Jc Laj^ ,j-o)> :JlS i^j-^ ^^j^ b *4 U>^ '^^ (5^ ' 



oUtjjJi o^ Sui) ^v^ j ^^o j Noa j N^o j^ ^^v~\^^ ^i^\ oUl^iii ^^ s^^oiii (n) 

^^ <;j>=jJb <^\ c.i^\jJ\ i> Sua) N ^ >i3j \no ^toiii oU»>ii ^ SjSoal) (r) 

.(VljVo 

.> .L^ui! (1) 



^yukJi ^(je* f^ *>^ ^ oL^* ^^ ^ '->^ ^^ «Sj:i^ s^ijS ^j .>4-^i JjVi i^\j2l\j ^ 

''\^ M A-) ^A^^i j\^^ C^i o^u^j (-Jt > \y-) ^jx^t <-Uj :>. SjUij (^ ^V) 
jj:^ V y^f jV ^ <Lii)) :Jli«^Lsi»jVl»>>a.6<^(j5 t> ij^a^ CjH*^ <^ '^^^ .Uj^^jSU^I ^j 
^ ^juisiSll *-^l oSj «*'^<iL*iJ jJuiJl ^Ji IIa ^L>?:J Lajlj ..^Gt ^^ iiij ^,_jia^ ^ Li^>i^ 

Jl IjUl^l >=J( ^>^ SjLc! jl5^ jj&UiH ^VL j3j^\ j^j-c^l ^ akxil ji^>^ ^t4^a^lj» 

^1:;^! iiAj .^LuSi Jl J^>=.ili i^^ij <^j^ c^^j ^j^ :A^ Jb <i=^>«5 a^>ku Jl 



.roY/voi^VU. (Y) 
.r\s-r\./\o^^\^\j^\ (t) 

.Y\V j^i^l Jjjf*^ (1) 



' ""is^ i^ J^^ Cy" o^j ^j^j <:i^'^j^^ 
^ )^>U.^jL5 <^j^ J^^tii L^^U ^1 <ji>^lj <ijJdl\j <^^^^l oU«ljj]( ^1 ftOA 

<Li^ U ^ L^j^ij Ujtl^ jj^ Ui oUuljjll 6lA l^j <^VI > ^,,^1 ^_^l t^jA* 
o^^il^jllj l^>_a:L«^ JL^VI ^:,L^ iLX^ aljJLrj <ijlllj 6j,^ Jlj <l;JL(j <1^ j_^:iLaiVI ^UII 
>H^I ^^H-a^ ;^jUj LudU oIpI^ ^^ CujLo <L^i lijj..4^ oLuljj ^Lial ^ <l6 (jjUlwil 

JM^ ij ^^^ J^^ '^^jiVI ^ <J^jS^ l^:^j ijj^udi ji^jj Inj.M Vj .P l^ ^3i£ 

jl^l ^^ <iUlli 3$!j^ ^ oj4^ ^f 44^1 i>j^L ^ (^^1 4^^^ l^jx. bOJii J^Li* ^ 
^L5 d^ <l.aif ^1 J^jj J}J\ j^Vl ^( > ,>^l 1^1 ^all (^ \ W-) >^ ^ ^>^^( 



«nA* 



ijJ^ U' 0^ *^ *^ * ^jJJiSa-u3 U j^JJ (-M'S >*^-o i^l O^J I4J-0J (4^ <LlJ(^^lj Cite l^^f j^^jJlL 
^jJI ^La^VJ injjj J><duV) jjI <JU*-aj (^Jlf ,^I^^VI JaAJ f t^lj I4-1J <jjjjJIj C^UljJll ^ sl 

*^jLiJl ^jj^ ^^^:J-^ <lajli Jj6i (^>3-^ ^"^J^ (^1 C>t t^^ *^ "J-s^b *Jd>^ isi^ (^J U"'-^ il>f ^ U^ 
J) -y'xlLi <jLl£- t>° *^ J ^ I*! ni( La J— ik,l jJa (JL>^ jjl Ttjak^i J^j f<jwiJU.i ^| J^:i.j (^^' (^ j '^' ' 

ji>xJV) ^1 ^^^c j-^j^ J>^ i>*-=»>j^^ -i-:^ J-c- f^ ^^t i>^' ^(-^ u^ **^ ' j-S ^^ o!>*-oVlj ^j_^lj 
^jii ju=k>ll '^jJi ^^ J.cu:^J\ Jjir. jli ^j.U^f^ (_^ |].^l j^j U4X0 J^ t4ai jijjj^jJI 

J I '_^j -^''^ Aa *<La jVj <l-o ^o irij 6 J r,n 1IL *LiJftJj <^' (J^J Xa.^1 J^ JJJJL g^ ft i , t i Lolfl < jljjJI 
^ dLLlj ^\\ «aI] jVj JxSju j^'^t iS^J ^^ '^j^}^J <uJa-o <-iAii <l»Jll ^ <Ju,jk J*^j j-«-s" 

' af'^ * Jj <tlj .^j^ <a-Laj(jj *Ua.^_^-i-JJ5 <GL-afjJ-i ^^j * , /■> >l l jjajJ! aJc j l ittV\ l ^^^ <( -^ l A lj ^JVj 
j^i n -> J Ijalc iJ t;?Uj-^l ^ jf^H^J j__P' Ja.J t>l JJ^ J^C, J rrt ft I4I0J (<U-a^jLujVI j \ > . rt /^ Vl 

<JLJI Jc il.:vLl pL^I ^^ L^j x5 LSij <^>L:.ji L^L*U^ Ijj^^^^l <^>L^VI ^IkSV! j^ 

<iLJt jjii !iUi) ur /o jju^^Vc^^i^ujJijY- -^^Ciu>JLUl^c^H>^=JJloU^ (^) 

.{o*\ (^j*ll ,>aijJi ^Ij ^ Sj^^Lftll 
. OOA /\ Slc>Jl <A*J UUJU Uj It C^,>iiJlj Li^J>ai-iii oUji* (V) 

.rrr qu^ijc^u^^i oUi=. (i) 



,^ xrv <i« -ij^^vi ,y^ <it {-— (^Jli >Vi >>^i J?^ "^ ^^ t?^' (^'-'-^'^ i^se^-^ 
>^ :^ .^^1 ^ ^1 J*i 'l^ ^^j^Ij ci:>^" ud>^' u^ Ljj/cu i^^-^^l ^ l>-U Jl 
CjIL^jjII >^ Jt ji=l <ii j-HdJ J^' >> i^l ^ 0^ i?^' '^'-* 'f'*''^ <^ c^-*^' ^-j>^-»" 

o^ ll^ L>Lul ^^ ^ yy^l ^jall ^> j^j:fij ^^iffj -l>" "u'^l s^tx,» ^LiS 
^Jl j] , Jljji^Vlj ji^lb i^lillj ^t-^JJ f^lj' o^J^J ^jl^' »^^' oLiI> '''>5 c^ 

^_sj^l ^jdJI ^L=^ ^ f^^ii» U>«j^ ^1 (LfiliJ^ Je> u' 6j^j j^' li* ^ l^b 
j^l ji. (J jl LAji t^^^l >-^" ^*^J-J ^-^'-^ »^^' J^ ^*- ^^-^ t^^' ^^J <^' 

>-ll cf^'l Ji> U' •^'^' :»>"' > J^^' t^j" ^ ^^ ^'-^ "^^ >>j y^ -ij' -^ c*iJ^' 

^ u^i j^j (^ uij 51^^ iV-^i^ 1^ o^ Hj 'cP'-^' c> »>- Jj^ *'->^ ^^' >^' 



•tri J rrr cw^^b csi»=^i ^^-^ (^) 

(YY.» 



d> ^f ii ^ j-ujj *<i f^^bj '"ftl? *4^ A>^' J'^*' o UjU'j <J 5.^j "1 v*-*^ ^:>Lla^ j^I t>jj ^^^^^ 
^ Ij.r^l^^ <Li/G >j iCeAi^U C?hi.>-=^' cJi:itli^t J^L^ 6jj^ ^ Jjujt c^-^l «vV^'» V^ 
jjjj ^ jAlj ^j^l >=^1 ^> ^1 <^( '*^(>il «0*>^' cf^^» J^ *^ "^^^^ u^^* J^l--^ 
^ Jbi t^^x^i ^1 u3^ (^iej ^^Je>^* J^^--- o^ 

Jj\ <^j^^ ^ll£ o^ J^^ Jl *^' *J^' >>^ O^ ^^ --^"^^ ^-'"^' ^^ <rf^ ^^ 
^J^Ju^ V^ ^^^^ t?-^' (-* ^^'^") C^JL^^^' C^ Lfi^ 3iJ^ >> ^^ ^ >*-=" L^l 'J^^ V^ 

j^i ^L^ J^i ^^ <i>fe-- v^ ^ ^^=^"^ cf^ J>-=^f i^ *^--*-^ ^H^ t5^' *'*-* ^"^^ ^^ 

j,.,:^ ^^^^^\ o^jM ^Ux y^ <GJC 0- > n^ l Cu^ ^>x-cl^ JJ <Xo l^^ . Ij^iJ. U^ <e ,>iu 

oaa! J*i L.S AuLk jl <Jt djjl^l > (,>^^k? <fJI Uj'-^'j a5:?.>*^f a>-"jW( <^^ L*^b 
0^ Ijl Ot V! .^S^\ ^u^t^j Ji^uJI 6>^j ^ <L^ *gV <b J. LLliVL a^jH^ :>^ ^ 






«TVN; 



jjia *.Lk ^ j^ Jiw^ 4^^Vl ^] ^^1 ojjtj j^^^l ^>il ^IjL jjJI ^jL a>Uk ojjU 

C&*J-*^' i>U*^ <-jit>-» jV^ytjiil j^:^( w^ J-o jULsill tj(l4 a-«j>*-« Jlft^j «<:lj-ill 

Jc oil.! ^^^A^ jjl^j -Jb T N iUu j^yija i*jaa. jljubi ^.^Js^ ^J\ *^j Cflaj -A VAV <it4i ^^1 Sj-a 
j^l lltJLij ;^ ^^1 <jikjjLiJI jjL-cJlI SjUil A*i*J j|j_pjj) ^ ^1 (cA ^jj^\ ^ Wun ajla J^jj 

L^l^lj 14-a.jj^j aXftl>Li ^j olj-wal^Itj ^^l^lj o U^iUl lij ^jt^j-«Jlj ij^l *LLi ^-iJjJJ 

IJ4JJ (LfuoiAJ SJLI ^ <5>^Vl <^>»i^ O'-^' j»j ft-> ^_ji «ui *-iJl Lo ^^ ju)^ La fjJb llojj ^^^i^ 






>*^=-^ Jl ur?^' >^' He^l ^ J^J C^jjt Ciu,.^! SL^I Jll^ ^^li ^'.-X'... LliU 

^jee^If ^11L«5 .l^G. Ij^l ^1 oUl^dffj U^a. ^1 454^L <.=.^ J^lj,.^^lj L:^ 
H-^ ufoH-^l J^ ^^i^ <jV «crLijjaflj c^j^^l oLLJt,)) «bl:i£ ^ sL^I ^VjA j^ d-u ^ ^ 
C,e' ^J oUJJI wU^I ,>*^ JjL^ Saj *^Uij ^jlj3 ..^M..^ c^^ 6-^ oU^ ^^fi ^...^j 

^j: <.ailil c>u^( oUJ. ^ ^ <i ^^ ^j L^ oij^ ^j [^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^^ ,;j^, 
^J-^ 6^ *a^lj>r^f {^L^ <G:iU^ ^L^i o^ilj^j u>-^^' <Jc JS:I > sU^I J^j a*: 



<Li.^ or^ <^ ^ f t^ ^i> i>^J >.^-^ Jl ^^^.^ I ^ . 4-* jXi <lo J-A-U.J S>.^ L <^ 

^^^( L^;;,]^ ,<gUj ^a^3lf ^^ ^ .*'^JJUJ( 1^ ^1 ^ *^U^ jVj <^ ^aJI ^dlt 

.T^Y-Y^^/TsfJ^uuil (^) 
«Yvr,> 



..<1.12I jio ^1^ 4^:11 JJI ^ jJ*JI liA ^ t^ j:»;S jjJ 






ijL; ^jiijj 42,^^^ <*-j ^,.>A-ej <.u^^i yMi^fi wJ*^ o-"^' L*^^ <ii^ J> Cy^ c:-^ 'j'^J 

^ ^ ^.-.;l l ^i^ (.,^..-.0 o^ ''>«ts^l >^ Je>» :t^l »!-— '^ ^ J^^^ -^^ 






j-4 clllA Ij^jilwl jVj ^>jI jVjI J,V <,^>..-Oui ^JA xLi\ lift jt^j -6^j ^JAi ^dll -jJ>II ^ aVj 
j^V Jjl ((wiimVlj j-Lil(» *uLll ^JJi ^La^l J at -^ ^1 ^jj *-A XA^ <Lai ^-k, jjI ^yijj .^-^-u1 

Uj j-i-a-a \^ {S3^^ o^^^ u>^^^ cs^ 'j:?^ LUL^ jIjI jJa <5jLAil SL^AJI ^ ^ ■ ^ « J^j jj-o 
JL5 <(^ ft^M jl j^ * y>^ o^ A *^' AjL-^l ij-o j*xjj3 ijjQII <l^kl[ j-fl ^j-wi^ll 6^j 

^1 aLa^lj^l i^ nN j-^ AJj , -A T ♦ V <Xwi oi-o J;! ^^1' l() mj"\ ntlj ijj iSH 1^ (SJJJ A^-^SJI ^j^j\ 

T£/^SlJ^UU!JtrlCiU3*IJ)JQu^ (Y) 

. u^j or*v J AAi ,^ aiiir^ij ^1 

«YVO), 



;^^3II J^ „ j^|„ »L^ ^^tii ^^1 ^ ^j . i^l^j j_^l L^ ^j j^l^l <^L5 Uu (.Ulj 

V j^l j,l£j o^l ^LuJI ^1 ^ <^j^^^ ^i:iS i^V 4L»1 L^j .jl^l. ^1 j^j ^ 

,,*-a A*.. cUj ^ ^ ^LJI Li ol (^ .<i^ J-Tti ,^ j ^1 ^Uli ,.U« ^ iul <u 
V^L^ -ji (^ ,<;. ftjU,U 4jIj ^a^ c^u^l ^1 Lei ol^j .il*je L^ jIaJL ^1^ ^L^ 

cc^j ui^i s« "j5 1> 1^1 ilxi.ij ^is ^ij 4^ u jit ^j^ j.L^<^ji^^j '''„ jiiiv ij 

^li1j j.^ ^1 j^^ ^Oioly J- L=.3l[ jU^I ^] ^ j^j jl^l ^1 ^^ :^ ^^i^i J^ 
>> <±Hi-^ jU^i\« ^llS >_i}l .»i^ 6«- ^1 O' (5JW oL^J -oL^ jl ^^1 ,i\.r,jj A^ L^ 

u2lj «lJc J^I JjJjj 4i>xi^ v^LlS; J^L^ j£l ai <ll ^ Ja^ ^| j^,^( j^ ^jy „ jjj.| 
._i_>a«^ l^^A*^ jjji C^^-i! I JilJi J^L-. > c:^=-c^l Cjj 3;i*j ^1 ^ LkLu.1 ^^ i^Lc. j^-.li 

.Vfl wiiiziVij jiiJi (r) 









: JfJ^Jf t>4 JAA^ i^ 4ll( joc jV^ ^;,j jxujUJI ^1 -A 

. " <iAf ^ <:Lj <:i^L vJx>*^ c^-->^*^ 'S:^^^' i> >^* <^V .<U5e^ v^ Lf^ ^> 



^r\ ci^j^h c^iy^^ ca\iJc. (r) 

.Yr^cj^d^ilibcju^*^^ (9 

.^v^ jY^c^v^^ijc^u^^uiioU^ (0) 

«YW» 



jM{pui\ 



ja^x^ ^ j^-*^ t^^-^ O^-*-^ C>f ' t> J^>^j '^ia^tjj <ijlILj jLaVL j-*4^j .JjJuj ^>ju^Vl 
.-& rVA 4i«i c^U ^) (^1 wiL^j jLiij l^ jJLLlu! ,:bLi^ ^.ua^ 6jL ^l jLc . jVj ^jj jJjJI ^ 
^bJI ^ <^ jl^j .jH-^jj j^ ^UL ^ (jl^ ^Oll ^ Lljt^l jy>^ ^( ^1^ ULc Cj\^ 

^L^ Ulj^^l Jc <lJc ^^.0% ^ u^UiJI ^\j j^ljjl J.i^| Ja( ^ j^1jS» :^^>^I <^ 
^U->s»^lI^^ij,<Li.uii^V( Ja^x-J(^jJI ^-^-^ .^M «uU£ ji^l ^\j£.\ (^ wiilj»«wiL2^Vfj 

(_^l «^ Iji^ ^j^ LuujO^ p LJc AlLaj ^^ Infill ^^1 oLuiljjJL i>J^O ^JL:. Joj LuU <l4XA SjJfcUft 

(^ C?h?J^' (> ^..^ ^>c Aikl ^jll oil^t ^^1 ^^a^L AjSb ^ j-i'ilf <^UJI «u:i^ Jiij 






4iA-^<x^ijJI CiU^o^ d5j«oLUall ^j^^>^jjuJ\ jlj^«olj5^l ^( a^L^! 
jjj U ll&j .«jpS jLk <Gii l^)j jUij j^lA <at i^Vi ^ 6j^ l^j ^Lkll jLlj,) : jllL^ ^1 

^^ <Gi daJ <;j^Uul jc ^{^ ^j1\ j^\ JI Lk.^>^^j . jljju <-i^jj^j .<ijSil l^jj^j -^j-^^n 



•f^ tlu>^ u-** *J^ J^ *^ *^^*-*^>* L^' (-ij^l Cy* 



TA 



>H ^aloiJI j;vJI U . L^ tp^l ^jj) ^U^ ^ wij^lj ^LiJI jj, j^j^^l ,^^1 

Oi^^l a- <M>- u-»ti jj UJc li^Jj ,<^jSJIj L;^.^! cA^joll ^^^^ . Ijl > 5i> 

• We* c>"j-i" e^^j ^j^ij tf>-»^i 

>> <^'^"J <i«-- <=b^ 'UUlAl ^ji jj-.i:iji j*^l oLIjjj s_«.^lj j^^l JSUus Ul 

iJ j>^ ^ 'JJ>J "< J^» J^ Cny^ .H-i- «;.^<-.') -oii^VI ^ -Uli^., :<J>i^ .. J'...'-> 

c*^' ji -j-ii^b j^LJ' .:« *j^ J^uii jj» «ijjj, ^vi (^jii ij j ;_.... ^^iSj .''id^ _,_.... 

:6Lf < i . ..^-; . , . o (,^Li ^jh ^f» :<^J^1 LVI j^ <u^^a^ jJxi kili <l>i lift Jlcj .uL^lj 
U^ ilA Ji^Oxi Uilj^.^1 ^j^i ^ jj4 U ^ <.^>a^ Jl^V ^LJI :,!.., v,,„t ^..^ 
tj*^ uMa. jSJj I j^^p^ ^\^ \JSUC\^ .^;^ I^Sju^ 

ASS /\ ^]Jd\ ^i^lj AT ZJL1\ SjL>^ ( Y) 

«YA^), 



OejM' a* *^ cy* ^^ ^^ *-^ "4^ s^ ^'^-jy >*"^ **^^'-SL> *>- c^ >M '<^>*-sJf 
^ *C^>^f ^^Yl4.Akju» ^^ <lkllll .^^j f^Ul>5 o^ u^ *^*>»^^ 'j^ uf^' C^^j-iil 

:^Ulll JU diJ^ 16*^1^1 aIa^U ^1 4jl5La. IJiJi Ulj ^UOll i> a^j ^j^LJ! <^ 
--.^ .^" 1 ^j .^L^l ^>L^ ^ U <Lc4-fli U lift «j^jL.-k^ ^U» ^_^ UI:^ ^j^l t^ U^j^ 

J ,.... V jf 4i>:^ i> ^ iU <:^Lu «pUt» J <^Uu ^ybj 2-a^( «Ul()) C;J> «4-iiA**» ^Ij^t U^ 

:JU^Ij j;^ (^1 :>i ^,,:j^ 1>5j» :JUi «C^ ^5^ J ^i>' ^^'j^' O* ^^ ^*-^ J^b 

«YAT» 



ur^ •^'^' fr ^j4'^«J^Aa-UI)>j<(g-jL^I)> c^j^)j C^J-^I ^-ilU.^,. Oifikl^l <£^j 

Tv».JtliSVlJ^lJ^Y^ jNT. LjUi (r) 
«YAr)) 



t<SljLaJ.ijplj^l)> jwf jL-oll Jjtill *^ <ijl:>,a « Jj I )) -J . ^ 1 r rx\ U » ;;^^ ./^ iT i Jlc j^j«wij-*-al()) 

j^ .^> u^_^ d ^iuij/,^aq .^n ^j_^^)) jJkuJli isA^ A^ '\ n. i ^^Uall ^1 j\ Vi«j^K^.iiJt 

J^^^j Jxij ^j jJitj ^^j *> 13b ^ '-^s? *^ '"^J C^J ^^^*^J J>A5 f-^b -^ 'jOi ^i jJj'wil^j Ji-cutj 
LiiUj ,^^a:iji5 ^JL? JeJl5 *^b^J ^1 JJ J43 ^J ^^J iA*i c.>^J J^J VJi ^^ >=^>^ V^^^J 

.NAUUiit (^) 
/^ ol^>4-^t 2-^1 oiu-r^i c^j» tN J Y. J >^ J M J ^o ^^i ^^<^uaii jku (r) 

.YrjYY<^ >l3iYl<^lAlii (i) 

«YA1)) 



J^ji <j) lojft ^ ^ > ^'\\ j .«<Li]l Jj^l <iL4-«oL cUj J^ ^^ ^^1^1 ^"■^-^ aX. ((dlu! ^j5» J tf(jii^1 jlj» 
^ <Aj-^ L« (^^V I «^ LajujVI Lai * Li-ij-LL-* Lap fjt^ L* ^u cHJ J^ ^^ j_^4i ^*t ^j at ...Vi ^ 

: 1 1) i O > fij ^J f<iL4^VL ^^ Jfl-^O (jbJJU Uj <ai lAo L^JCJ ((pU.uit}) : LaI q r.ai 6j^J J^LxJI pLcujuI 

jlSLft .*uL ^ J^ ^j!:?^j jjL^lj pLjIujVI wijj^j p iiifitr^j^^j ^^1 ^jj^ i^c tt»j3fcjafl ^JXJ 

(( V » ^^ I inj I *< Uj ni^t S I J i ^^ ttjrfl'i (III, I » (JxM I ^ Ux ttl> j-jua I ^ v-^,^ JkyUjV I ) If^ 6 I /^ (ft 

<jl AjiMfl'tH I JJt Ja M^ ^JJ .Jaj-ujuiJI <JLaV 1 ft J mfl 6a£, tx-jl Cj^jjVI ^ <-*^jl5 cs4^' oali) 

.\A-NV^^Ullt (N) 

.^^<^Uull (r) 



^U! ^ *Gi «^^i)) ^ djAJ Jjij ^ JJr:alt lift a\ jjlL .«j-oVl i^V)) « V» <Ui J^U2 (^U 



n /I 1 A 



^[j^^ j^vi > u>»i^ f^f i\\^j^ \j^i {-0 u* *^ f j*^ ^^ ;^ u>^ r^^ ^ 

^ «^» 1^1 ii^y* J «;^'> J «:i^^S» J «u* » k^^ w**-»Ul «!iU)) J *dJj J^ L4e^ ..^o-^UII >a 

.\A<^UUI (Y) 
.\^UliUI (T) 

«YA1j 



« 1 A V» 



:6U-uj i_.L ^^ JU *^^) J.ot iUtAll Lju^l cUiuii :of>iVl ^ lij^ 
J»j>Aj ^^1 ^ ij .,. Uj ^ :^^J)) :a<\i a 1 ,..1,1 JL«-iVl ^^aJ ^1 uij>^l »^li» 

*:llj ^j .« Lttjjft J «^j|» tlf I pU-*^i I ^r\ ny SljK nil j^i 61a jl ^jj^>ju«j «*'*ji^1j .^|j . U 
JIS .«^^! ^J>a.» :ULlx«j<JSLIl 6lA ^J^O^ ^-» CcjAjJi^il Ub^ ji OJS[ J^ «l un.ru 
. tiuj . Uxuj . L J*]j . La ^tixs^j * U wJjSj . Lu^5 . Ult^j . Lai| ^jw l^i^VI 11^ bLuuu y L ^ji 

LL ^ Uj <jLXji, \jAj « ... «^U j-*3 Uil» :dJj ^ J^ (\^^ '^'^ ^tr?^ '^ >*^ ^^ ^<ljh 
La Jaij ijaJj\ ^^ 1^ ^jjXAjj^ Lu» lo.n-^n^jJI ^yi ^ <cjA^ji JS ^jic <J^ j-4 'Jw^fj 

jjj ^b£li <jl j^ JaIj*_*L OaLi Lt^jji ^ko^VI UjJU ^^U ^1 CiLJSlI JS j-4*a-a^ <jj4ij Jxill 

Jl ftLtj L* Outii (l4j ;^VI Lbj_3u j-ijj ^1 oLJlilj ^Vl Uj-du ^^'^ ^^ Jll.\ oUiSJI 

jl *-ik»il j\ ^{ ^ fll i t tVL jjutu* La L^ J^-iJi i.,nnn j] Jxill Ujju >j-^ ^^) oljjVl j *,^,^ 

.r. <^uiii (Y) 
.Y> <^iAiii (r) 

«YAV» 






•U^;^^ 



jl t^ <ji^ J^Lu^ ^^ ^ <QjuIIji j^j<J JjIoIII ^I ^(i^^«.IjV! ^i jjfcjii^^^u-flJI 
f^^ ul5^ u' j-*^* Jmjm :jijL^ ^1 JU ,« ij^^Li)) ^1 vJjj^i. ^^ :ui>A Jti .j^LLtill ^jj Jj^j 

Vl ^^fi*if 4ji « Jju» *_j^lij «;3*^)> (jV f J-uu^ Jjjft I jjbj « J i ^ 4*1 ^^» :<iJJ( Jjkl JUj)) :JL5 



Ao /y ijljSii i-ji^i ,.>i^*J ~*y^ -^i,>^>aiJi* (ii]jai» :> K <r>ti ^ ^y^ oa ^^j^ *j>*^ (^) 

«rAA» 



:<l L^j^j L>*J^1 I^J^' J>^ ty^ U.ia»lc — ijSj Leua Tt-t-ajl jJ&j — aOau <lJj5 <£-oj * (jj^( U 

Jjjj^ «7^b (3''"" ^^^ l^^ pUmaJU ^MlsaJt ^ifi^*! 

^jL*^ LoLJfj ((<^ j_yi» J «<<Lftj ^>^^* -JU^ ^-*^ «*;LijJI ^» iLijk_A apLifcjJL)) :*d>3j 

^_^-U-i SjUL 3,t-aV dj-«i^ ^jl :dll*-a-i «jlj]l ^ c< Mik» :c*iS lj|^ a'TAiilL "*! "< o5-*-aJh> 

(^ . . * -Ml - . I *- (' 

^^1 jUiVI 4 n\ , ui" Lj j^ La L^ <U:il^ ^>i J-Ui U£ lja.1 L^ J-jLu pj ^_^l <^lj1 Jaj 

<Lxj^ 1 -I J o -^ Lfil (^1 l^_ii <jLajj (j^^f^ij j-oV(j tjti'l MiU J*ilij jj-«-«Ul Jjuili)) :^ ^j^ 
< jljlj (,^^lj ija-j^f :dlJjA£ ^>*^' ^"^J ^* *'4if o^ ^ -»>6-*J^b'* -^^^^ <^j-Ai «"4>fA-6 

(j^Ju^^l y.jjuift» :<j;;.L*aJI ^j «^^^a*JI JjIjj^II *»jjj-i)> :4 \*ix\\ I ^ J^JSui^*) :JU «4^ (^"il' j '*-^^t 
j^'G (j|j a-=^j aJ-Sj I j| Jji_il( JjV i4x.Laj^ aJhj « tjjj.*^)) :(JS3 aIj u^jjt^n :c*l5 twU *^jjj-ftjJI 

Ojn « ij-aLSj f LaLi ,j>li3llj O''^^^^" -? "f"^ ^3*' ''*^J^ >^ **^*^ U>^ C^*^' ji ft t AH ^ ft % j ^Ju 
((lA^ij^i JljXu IaA *-o •i^b fL^J "^jt^ *''j^ "^' ^ ^juLx-aJ! j^t-^ L) Jjl Lua^LaJfj 



.\o. ~M^/\ olji34-^i^-u<lJI aiU-^!^;^ (T) 

.\'\<^l^i (1) 



<Jc jiU (^oll Jju^Vl Jl <k* <-uijiJI oLuljJl ^ ^JlllL <uUlAij ^gUJj^ ^ ,2^j 

.<^ijjt AjjaH) JjLluII ^I olj-i^^f aIaj i^JJi J - *"* J Laj i.jLijduaaJ f J ^^oot I JjImm ^j «: tjIiVlj 



^_^j 



j' u>e-*^ '-^b a5e-*'>^ ^* fA5 ^-±^ U-^'-^U >A-a-6 Ijijj j^ f-^j 4^lSj sLiiuj f jJj-oj 

f^ljj J>A Ij^Ldol Lajkj ),^^) LcUl ^j-J^ <JijA. <^tjU ^jxll ,^^^llt Ij^xk jij <<J^iJLo jf jj.uuJjj| 
(^;3-aJ A (j u > ^jA iaJ JJB <jl VI < j-^»iil J-oLk ttjj^l' JoJ^ ^l£ ^j-a a ^ 'i oj (^^j_2hj|l (j^jjil aJLx, 

.^eJajj4.AiVI ^jj,u.A2JI JkLok^f J^%il' ^LoJt njjlJI ^ . . J A"^ o ^ jLj ^jI 

jj-o iujjAJl JA. /^Itll jkAjl ^3,>Ia]l juLtLoj ^ft ifl-vlt Jjkl ^^ uri'^' aLaA ^JLiVl 6JA. ^*,L^ 

^ if 






ii^^l <iJf ,>u^jjl. 3a:=.!j ^^^1 > A^L^ ^> 3:=^)^ Oil) llU .Z^^JUr. <x^\J\ ^Ua ^ j 

k^j^j iilU^lj SJlxL-VI j^^» <i]( La J[5i j,l:^j a/aJI la* l^^j H^y^ <*jLuJ( JjL^ Uj 
Ua-au^iA-^f ilft63U) aij.^j^l>LxUj.«<u-mll>>j«jrL^^ i'^ ...? 

.«GLu3 <aLa^ ^dillL J*>e-^ ^^^L-^l ^^1 j^ j55 .<U\2 C^ «<:U^! ^ j-ol^l f*^» 

r<l^ SjK^C fjj ^l^f C^jll ^^^o^ ^1 ^3lj *^,^^l VI <^>l^ ^ ^uO:^ Ji.U 4]£jy 

^^1 jic j^A^j <^Jiii SjUt <] w^^j U^j 't^^Uilj <j^^lj JLs-^Vlj j^^.^a-M <ic Ikli 
<La*t U (^^>^ *^ii^ <^LJl£ -Lfiojl:; ^ V -<iLi^<-Aa.^ d'Ai< j: ^ d- t k\.^^ .^zi\j 

^jj <U ^_^i^ Jj <ui dlj JftSl iU *(AiJI Ulj .^jj ^ ^>iL ^L^ *^Lii] ^ o^] <uk U5j 
^j oLU li^LS ^LJi IIa ^ J=^^,^^l J^j .^1 Ifi^jj ^^ j^ UI^u ^j ,olpljJJI 

wi^>-^fj>^l ^ i^jiilajybj«6XijjiJ)))j«<_i_alVi j;j-^<_ji 4.J-^-i>I) <-a.^l» j «*-*(j-aJI 

^Uj i<ixu cjy^j lj-»-" <^ CiJtSlj i_A AAo <luj l^iJi i]a.%M ^\j t*JJLo ij^l Liill jl^ ^Jc > L^H j 



tt^^J 



(M- 






u 



:Jj^liiiiAjrt 

Sj_jli J-ajJI 63-<wb ^JULxji LJLi. oLajx. «-L5 Sj-^ja 6jl£. L^3-oJhj <«JiJlj wiLSll» :« j-Sh ^_ji 

if 



^ULuu .v^,-.,^ jjUjx jL^i^J] «t5>^' cA>:i-^'» 'r*^^ iJb «t^l>^' t^» J *^^^U 



^^j-j-i-JI J>*ui^^1 0^*fj^' o'*H-^ '* Cyj^ i ->t I (_^j « Uj M,i.J))) ..^Lco ftlj-cj <^ji *" 1 <C ^1 VI 
Jjjj 0,. All t;^ JLt-tfxiJV) j1 JLufiuVl A^j^^ <Ui3L^ vill J ^^a iLAjj-t ^j jj .tijj «b1j>A La 

Ctilliwl J;Lfl 'IJ^ '^" ^ J^' j' Jjlj-Aa-f^ <,i.ari.A I I JU .((6ul vdU.jJaX.h} j «dv" .Uf> I AJ6jjil» 

jLi «<l^"tjUf 1 ^jjli») :j^ wi^Uii jaJi i_iUI,"\M Aa ■'tKltl ^Sk^ t^_ys»^\ ^dil Llli. v.J^J Lxtjii 

t d ** * , 

Lwj-ft 4-iljJ t<-*4ii U^ Jju^alijj JjLuiii jl *ilj) J^ ^-^JlSt? ^ ^ ^o-f t tjiau dSj -« Jj (] r frill ^-i tillLo 

*p jjj-o V I &J -s •% I jJ <jLa «4-Ii^)> ^^ <JiLjkj j-jL] w>j i.«^io Jjuftil ^2)*^ 6 j •;» -% j-5 «<t£ll^» ^ 
wijaJI ^^jc- JjW ij^j <«<Ijjj-a»> «pLA)) -J *tw-tit j^i <1 j-iiL-0 Jxilt ij^ Jjiill ^ *^3t»^ f ^^'j 

, Lft^^la>. J^ ^^1 «tjt^)> t^U JLaIIj «J>la» wjL Jl i/*tft'il ^ 

My /ij VYo J rr £ /r «bj,;j... ^ii^ ^^%j rr i /^ sju^i ^^ ^^ sjjt.Ji jJiui (^ ) 

.((du ^<:uUrt ...» r. 1 /\^ikii ^^ (T) 

r^\ /Y J^\j lA -IV /\ alU ^H lxA^\ ^>i. >i^ Y . -Y . 1 /N Sjjia^t ^JiU) (r) 

/^ Oh^ 0^1 ^^j cYM J ^r /N ^1^1 ^j .roA J nv -n-\ riA j n-\ -r-vr ^ 

.YV jSl>it Jjj^-^j AY-*\N 

.Y*o /YSJjJaxJIjJUJ.! (1) 

«Y*\r» 



ji3^ Ij^j i^ji^VI ^jj6 ^jJ friiiJ) ul9^ Sjti ^ [^cliil ^^ pllJIj «^i^VI j^li^ (Ui ell ^-^jj 

:<J^ (^ I^Jxi <Jxi <Ua. 4JI wiL^ 

pUJI dUj ^^ Jj-Alfc* U>d; t^\\ \j (pLJI ^jit «A^I» ^tXL 6J.AJ fcilj Ijjj <Lvlj nit J ; -^ <uV 
CA--uji SjLiiVI JjjSj J,] iilla JaV IjxjIJIj ««^^^uxftaJI |kjj On < <r >)) ^ L^^ Q'>^| <ajiil oAjJiLj 

(?LaJI iOJc ^-^jjjj ^J^-A.^ I <ji ji>au ^_^La I U a <fLLi <Ljh ^^1 ^1 lAl I ^^^) ^^1 (^j4 llA 

IoIjI! ^ J^Jj» :JU « L^l>a.1j 4jl^» j_pk <_a^ ^^i La^ 6^^ ^Jj Vj ULJll ^^ Cj(^j,^\\\ 
xjSIjj L^I QiUj irt\\l «^jJbJwoj ((L^lj^tj ^1^» : I j 'in fl t^tjJjVI a^-^, pr 1 n'n ft A,ij^jj^.j J Latj I ^^j^lj 

^ai2 l4io^ ^jb *L>*^J jL-ftj ^J-uAl^ ^ 3*> '^ tj oLj Jlij ^^t^ '\s^j M A>*** ^ ^^ «j-**^ 






ji'Ajij ^^jSLllj iSJ"^^ L^^^ Cji^ ui:iLaJI u^j*-t Ms ■« •• f*"' j' *-^>^ c^' ^^^ * '>^^ 
^^j» :JL5 (Ajll^l 11 <JjL ^U ^ *QUju-aJI ^^^ Jlflj ijl OAJ 6jk, jLlaJll «GL ^>*-aJJ tx*-^' 
<<Jc ^Ji^ 4^i i^\S^i\ jJij i^j4AA:]SiA\ (^^jC^ ij^ <iH^JjM^^ rjlj5l jaiJIj IjIuII jilj 
j^ JtS IXLJLI Jla ^■ii> « ^j iplxuVL^ ji5j( La^ «b ^jU «Lik ^^,ixA <jV 1.ilJll ^>^t f-iljj 
Uilj jl£ ^ wtia^Li 6jjV^Lilf » .jjj :iLcLi jJBjj ji ^GUj t^^kUju V LaJbj l^. ft ,., A j( Id-aU. 

Vji i^^VI J*^ J>iJl liA ^^ plXLVi ^jix^j *<] jJ^ Vj cey^j d^lj JU^l Jl ^Ji j^ 
jUa <bj /'^<i ^l:i^j ^SU ^LU U4IC 5i^ ^V lalJit jij ^Ij .^1 ^^ ijOJLU . Lii(j3 

iaj^i otjjl tlllJi^ l^jJi^j i^SiL. J^^^^ ^3 a^ -Sib is^ C>t^ *-xAjii IJA jLLLIj^Saai:.' 

wljcl ^ 0« f^'» -J^ '<^^* ^LuJil v'^> t^ ^ *^%5 ^-^l J*^ f^^JrA^ ^U <f<-^' 
II4 :LAjhj^1 jLiAXo Ul^lj «/ j-^(jjaJI j-c^ ^j-^ ti^ U^j>* L-Alft j-*^ ^( (iLajoiVI aja 



.Ujdu Loj IT /T 

.0/r 



>fijj^LiJI .,.^^111 ^^ jjI*JLii (^ <Jlj iaj-^L wjlj-aJI la^j a^^ ^ J^ v'>-=^' ^Ir. ^i 
f^llUl Jc JIa «aU»^V Cil:. ^» idljiA Ja^Jlll f. UUV ^t^l ^liLa! ^ Joi :^J .^LiLoV 

jc 6l^ <:( ,^je o^j 'ULi'i4]Lrl ^Aa^VIj^^ jU]j .^lU ^^^ ^ J^ .dj^J^uu 

wJci (ji IJU j^ g^l Tuj t i Vlj «j( g .n';. ..Vij ^j-JJI ^ pj.ii flilL ij^ ^ N .w> ;^:>^ f j-ctf.>a 
l^V .<j ^L*]l j5i Ijl aoii «uJL ^jL 'Gj^ ^> <ail( J[j^^i J^ ^ «b jj^tlti ^ jjji L* jje 

. Ujju Uj n £ -\ ir/N 6Jii.wJi ^UoH (^) 

. Ua*^ Uj \ V£ /\ ^1^1 ^>. ^ ^L53VI (T) 

At<xua^1<a^l (T) 

.W^I^VJ (i) 



ir^\r 



J^U V (J:}>^' 6La>lJ ^j^l tjjj.^ ;J^1^ ^ • (l<JL^j-iM}\ aJ£. <i ^J^r%^ aH KC*f>^..4)) ^^OXAJ <(Ci^ flj)> 

j.^i CjL£.>a^>a Jj^ (^ <Ui^J^ Lai iL^^Lcj ^^LiJI <a4jjJl Jj.4^1 dJjd^ <Iaj^\ 6JJb 

:<]^j2S «iQi\jouujt ( » jl « ^jJo^ ^-*ic f^jjsl jc\>*' " 

(^j^ ckUi Vi J^i ^) 4:ij^1 j^ luik^ tS^ oofc 

jSjil J^L^Lx}\ «*^JLJI» jSj^ £j~^j .«*'*<-:ijtl^ lj^>5l ^jU)> :^^.aj JjuaIIj ^VI ^1 

:<ij2^ jsJli^ IaA^a^^ 
ijaxa.\ ijixf^i OiS^^I dm dUI ^^,"i1tjt j»>^l c>-e1 ij^l Ch\A 

^jIjIi ^U ^LuJt AM*)l\ j>oi At J[j^.»iu,o q!S^^' O^ ^^ ij^ <( JdUj ^U Jjj» :>aNJ jwjuVI ^JAj ijj 
«^. fi ml i (jUJLj» ^ rj-^ « t ailnn i'lij t"t bl n m ft f^j^^X: Lo J-Aj» :«^aJ*il» _fl <JjJ <<u^J « I ft^<J,* 
6jJt ^^lia ^^ V «-*-i^l Ji>=»-^ aI fti.nn t^/JU jJaJt jU f^jUil <aAj « lilk^^ -J T^J ^S^^il) 
J; ,«<_uaJJIi> J Wj^^-iA-aJI»-^ <-tjJr.ft jl «Jh) -^ 4 tUSt Lai <%>JU Vi ^i t m V <jLfi ^jLxil ^ 



.Ma^sJi (r) 

.^^<5LJi (r) 

A. 4^^i <:^4Jb v^^ /\ J ^^^ -^^A /y sojauJi ^lUi (t) 

«r^v» 



^Jil j^^AaH «^^!)) j«^ jT;iil^lc (jSoif J^^iaJ«^.ilij>4lai '-^^ 4^] ^^^ ^ '^'^ jy^AA>A 

OJL.a^l I ji^ < j.uu^( w.ikfcj J^lj Xi^jlllj Oy v-akcj c**ll( :<j-a^ t?*>*^'** ^J^ ^^-^ i>J 









.tov/> (^l«i)^1^l^»-aJ^J.rr^/^SJ^*^lt^u^^ (r) 

.YlA-rlv/^ sjux^Ji jJiut (1) 

.«^:il£JU £■ j^^ ^ A^ -AY /S J AY /N j( Y *^ /Y Sjox^I ^Uoil ^^ uilj Ji..-=JG >lj ^ (^) 

«YU» 



Ljp-ii vjl>a» M'j^' f,j'-*^' M>^ ^"t^tlj tidlj jij-uftLS ^^^iJLIj tdJj ^>J-Cj jjijnltlj JLaJI 
^_j^^)> :,>au ^ JtUl! ^aij^S <^jVI ^!ilaj *J|^jL-a-6 iaj-ii JJU ^jL-iil ^j^ C^:h**^'j *<^U 

j1 <jjja^l <aj(jx.VI jjbl^^l ^_^ L^ tjjn^-ij <jj-sklll JjLJ.1 ^j-o-4-i <ijij^ Lftl:^! l^AjilUj 

.yu^j^Jlj /fcjh"iH ij^ ^.V>^ &jJ55 ^l^J f^k, <IUI ^/th'il t 

jjtJiiJl ^ l-*3'>^ ^^ cijliij lit lAj SjSj Lkoij l \tM- > ^^ISJI (^ ^l^Vl ojUn Lailj 

,. kj .>^'.j V Lo ■ ^j -^^ ^>*Ai]i <j-a ^jALaijl in" Vj ij'^ ^ "^ ' ^' J ^ L« :<ijuu^l Sj^5^^-*-aJLi t^ljJjVu 
^^pill! 4-lfl (jLaj-Ij-uj La ? "t ^ ft" Mill Sj^j^j-^-ftilj ...j j t i l fil l ^f i -^l l Xaj <^3J_ail g^n -^H j '^l j 

villa ^j^ P l_ji-u ^^,5^iJuJI <J ^]blAl ^^jII wu>jI11j ^'^jUuH j ^jjillj JjOaJI^ o lftJ<tii"iH hIAj 
^^ J\ « L^l^ilj ^f (^>^ i^^J^^'' iJ^J^ «>^:^l J[>^1 |Jx. ^ ^I^VI.) «bLL^ ^^ ^U. L* 
pL^XftJI <J aI^j Lo ^^ir. <jjl1j <ij^ualj 4jmi ^^-*ic. <I-L«lj^ i ^jlr A-aU Uij «jjUalllj 6L-aiiVl» 

.(^:>aull ^^jOllj wiJllJf ^^lo ^_j-ic 4A»Aieu JLjLa.J uiA^^^U 



.iN^ijaiti (X) 



,r^^. 



:<i4^^ 'J:^!^' i^l c^j^J *^^ 1-i^b J-*^^ JcUJf :J^j «ja£. V J>aJU> JcUllj (J^aaaj Jj»Ic 



Til J rr\ /^ ^^^liijj . \ n n /> sj^uu^ji ^tui (n) 

.Tor -TTY /N Sdjx^JI jJlUl (T) 



^ JjuoVt <>,. i-^j oij .«! iii^r ^^^-2k-JJ (^laJi ^^a^ljj J3 V I J[i ^ , t .a, U Aj jSj J_A-<3V Li » :« J^)) ^^j» < 

.jjulSl LAjjCj « .,<Llu <UAiJI A^^j^ u-ijiiJ( O^JjlZiI Ijl igJLjfl Laifj i^f^Vt f^LojujVI (^ 

<11 riift J^ ^ ^^"^ '^J:? »,ij-^^ J-aLxll ^„>iaJ jJc <Uj^ (yi j"^iM *-*ljjl /tU< n jyiajjj tull ^^ 
<J^J ,«^^JX, V tJj-AJL-O Jjcliitj ((Jj-OA-AJ J^Lc <jij ...jk^lSJI j-i 4j djJuJuA <jl 1 (3 7fcJ^» iCiLc^^l 

jjb ^jl Lft^ <b *-ij;jU **Lilc ^_yiAA <gV i\nli jjikJI ^-*'a5 **^ tf^ ^^ *itaijV! >ftj cs^i*-^ IjojII 

**.! ^IL .^tl «ju(a)j^ ^ ^j^LJLuil jJj *Q|Uj tri^^H qI ^lUf,^ ft LJLc ^^yia jj Hi lt A J -^"a i mj 



:^ J^Vl ^Ui. ^^j SaxU J^ J^ ^aJS ^c^^wJi Jlill .TTN /\ Sj^u^uJl ^lUl (>) 
. J^VI ji^jjj (^i!JI J5*il! ^aS^ .tjLi^ «lljj V! !iU^ ciisk U» 

.Vl'V-TlA/NSjjUt^l^lUI (Y) 

.rr -YY /Y ^Uill)j 6L^Vi ^U l ja Jx^^J^^^AX /\ 1.um^\ ^JlUi (T) 

.nojYoY/\Sj;«t^l^lUI (a) 

.UJ*.UJY^^/YJ/^^^/^5J^*^l^lUl (i) 



J[jg >ftit pUJi C)-«>y JLjLfl] y^^Jtll ^ *^^jj ^^ *J-«»1 :5j(,>tJI ^^Ij JjAlj fj^^^l Jlij («Gc 

jjft iA» _i uJl>LaJi» J <(<ji^lj j^Vl pLj)) j»^" mil pLo-x^VI ^.((jjC'I <^^Lc.j «j^^lj tjlJlt ^'j*^ 
V <4aaj^l («;U»«UA ««^ LI t » j J;^!^^ SU^I <JU^j ^U» :<LiA JLa «Jk>Ulj«^Vlj 4^<ilLi jLik.Vb) 

<k, ji-^It» :<^tUI j^^^^dilU jjjl Jl5 Jjj^ V lj2u4<^LJt IIa^ Ja^«(^j1I»(jV <4jjaI1I 

^ 0,>A-a.l I Jj-i <(tjjj .rt til a4-^( 4JL-UJ Uf*^j^' U-* '^^**^ U;*^'» •*^ « J^j j-*LJtJ I » ^^ 0>J-a. I 



.iAJiLJr^^Jr^r j\.r jSio ~\ir /\jry\ /\ jr^ /r ijijj^ (y) 

.>^!j > . Y J \ .r /T ^IkjJIj 6UiVI Jioij *Uj^ Uj Yol -YVo /N S^^jjl-^I ^lUI (T) 

«T.Y» 



■ *t 
j42^ jjhj ^L^l ^Ja. :^! wii:^ <£U] ... » :JU 3IU ^j SjUii 4> <^,>^ Lk?^ oUSlI 

6jj ^ JU ^\ ^^^ «<:J^>»il (^ 0'>^ c> J:^^^ ^'^ O^J 'Ut?^ 6*^ ^ up^' ^""^J'^'^* ' 



TA ^^j To;^ s^j^^ N ^ ci^Vb N • ^.jilij \w ij^U rr .L^b ^vv s^il ij^ (r) 



Jc JU <Cl c»A; Lu <lc JalLxui -(^) '<S^ Ulj» :<lj2 ^ <ilo J^jx^l wi5>* jcu^ 
iuaUVi wJU oj-ft ' 1^1 <iS ^ ^U:^i iujUV I ^^ d^je Uil c itu. jjU cUjj ^^I Ml) 
Ijjl^i ^IjLit <J) c»jl Lu Ui5>i i-fl*>i^ lU3 a94>^U f^*^^' ^^j'-J^ ^J *c*^^ (SX>^ 
Lj^ S^ljll i^^l ^^ a^l^l iuj^l c^jii l^j *^Ulu ti^^l y^U fjLH-b l^^j ^>-=iiij 
Sjjl^l iiliJVL Lj^^i jjttjSli <iLul dlL ^1 Jt j^l 1^ c^j *<iilU oljLuu ^ <^j1 Jc 

^ pV>A :,Li juuilj ^j o"^ :^j «^jt^i» «uU^ JS\ ^ ^b^' >*^ ^' f^J^^ C^^^ ^ 
,>*4j J^OA ^jju^j,^\j^\jc,i\ ypij v^>II ^ J^« i-4:*i<^J .oJix-j Ikl U j^l ^ Jjo^l 

.l^^l^l (Y) 
.ooj-!^l (T) 



tn 



Ui^f^ i Uj!^gi:=^^i j^u]!^^^:iilli«>A:4()>^^j.^ j^^ 



J^ *all SUS *.^^} Cx^ ^^ .^Lill *aii!>* <-la>ui. Uilj ij^ j^ u^ <e^ o^^ ^J^ ^ 
<l^^.^i jua^ ^yi Sjojl <-aj;^ j^*^ (j^\ <ib ' J**^ fJ^ <£jLxii6 ^ji»l\ ^ jjSS (^ cd^Li, jS 



y\\jr.s/\{^\ju\j<k^\f^jl^^jj^ji\j^ij^'^j'^j^^d>^^^^ 0) 



.yrr 



Ull ^ YV . -NNT /S ^jl\j .AV -lA j- U^l ^j v^l >1 ^1 ^^ d^^* ^ (^) 






■.,j.»iu*i\ 

Ijj^ j)VVI i<dl^ oaJi Jj^j^tA^lj p^tti'itf tjj^All ^^ J^JL ^LjtaiVl .^1 .mH 1^\^aiVl ^yaiuJLl 
^^1 ^j^jjl jiiLi jtoju ^ <4-ujUjJf <ljjl ^Liij ^LiJI ^ C^hJ>*^' -M-^ JU3 '^ (-* ^^^) 

VL^I <_«iLi-a!/( <sL£JU J^UI Ja] JLwxll Ioj aJfC ^^j *Lilj£j GtLala.1 Jk^i j(3-oI CniM-^\3 
J_LC ^ ^LlA ^jjLoll <-fl_JtaJl j-a-uij .<l>iilj Jti^' lii <»uj^l IJlUL J^LJI JaI ^Ij Loklo 
(tU^j *L^ C4JJJ ^JjVi dlLa i^O^ Ja.J <GLj ^_^j tCj(^Jjl\j cl^ilAil (_A \A* -NVX) *yi^J^ 

<-ijjjiJI <ilii]l j^Joj *. LaI*] I ny ,uh (_a X **\ — \A*) ^^^-b^JL ^jjjjuI iiillt jjx, ^ aL^ 6wL*j 

Lo ^LAj ^l^J ^J^S\ J.^ aJ^j^j I nil Jx>^ tJU 6^Lii^ rfcJJilj f- Ij t ittt ljfrLjVi «Ua>Lj Jl J^-if 
.<i<(ja-« <jui j iTwl^ jJI <Uajj>UI kjIjVI *tJLo ^^^ilkjj ^^^SlILjj ^_^^tlj Jjj j-aaILuuI I j t ^ ir jlS ^^^j^ 

rjjjiij ^^-iA^l j^LaLu^AiLft <<aLj5 jjlaI (jLkLuJ <£.Lk]L l^54c jj^ jx^Lujjji3 (jL-wjV) Qj^J-uxII ^3:^*^ 

ftOA i^ f IjjJI Jifcilj .jJ-*Vl ^jUaiyJ linftl'io LLkLwj ^ I jLla I j ^14-p. [>i ^ ^L^-wjijV tjJ^J 

&aA^^^t,^ij jl£^^^*j^i ji^lj^l^lll JLL5*<JDjill SjUVlj^_>JjiVi wj^^^l^f 



*r.\ 



^j <aaLk;l {-A TM -r"i"i) jjjil ^iUi ^Llij^ ^Jj ^>j ^^ Oa-^ <i1 VI 



L>^ (^1 (fi ^JJ~ ^-t-AJc- <j-i^>.Tfc,iTt <ULt a J I ^r. jjLAAi ajA cLoLI ^^Jc LAj \ i >> ^^ 4,i,niljjiVI 5^1,*^ -vJ I 
^ <j^LsJ! ^^ .7,1. A a ^i <ILltf oivj *-^ J>* 6JV5I j^ ^r^^j-5 v^j*^ J-^i .j;^>laJij a-jJaII 

^_^ <^jSL^ <i5L=Jf Ia>4x« ^^jifc Cwitij ^^^Iti ^t>la <JuLaJI 6 JJb J>L^ A^aJI <ij ^^ H^J jjJojVI 

<lkiiLj <jiijai.lj <J:^l^ iSj-=^^^ tjJ^Vl ^;;ax ^^^J I j^j Ue^ J^' u'^J (-* ^^M f^ <J-iji 

^_ilXA.ij «^_^JJVl JaI a^j ,„\ ■%7v fill j1 JJLA 4_jJLij-fll ^^Lft „<,7i A^-^l CuL^ ^^1 (2A^fj-^l <t>i 
Jjj^^l <i-j-*aj^ (JjaIIj Sj-SIL t^^ i A<j <) a iY\ ^ ^^ <1jIj Q^-LuilJ j^ '^-A*-"JJ ^^^ ^^ a>^jL>^' 

•^<^ J-A ^ j>^' ci^>*-^' o*e^' J>^^ -*e-^* tJ:?'^' cr** i^W-^^* <»4*-LiJI J^j j-aJ 






.Ljjtl jl oiL£ Liiij ^^t;-^ll L^-ajic ^ wiuToJIj l^-^j^i l-*>^j U^ LU»Ji oj^j 

.^OAVI ^J Jl Uri ud.^^^ UJ^>^ f^J^J U^^^ ^^ ^^^ cs^ J^:^^U dlljj ^t 
<iIH ^ J! ^ll^l ^%1\ 6l6 ^Uul > JJJ^ Jxu <.j^ Jl ^jt>ill ie> 0*^ ^^^ '-^^^ V^' 

Jl ^S^ii > <i^LiIlj a^^^Vt L^ f>% u^ is^^ o>U^! U^;^ ^ JX.U.J .c^j^l 

^ ^j <^Iinl)j SVjJljCih'jL^f J>- v>*^' >^-i ^^^' <»^.--^ix LJd^S U.^^ij ^jiVf 

^_j^bui J>4 ^L^j **4^ f^l.^^ J^ ^xS;^! j^Vl WCLuil j^^^^l j^^^ '^jli ^^jl5^ wJj^t ±ix^ 

LoLJl jVjV Lj>o oL^ > f^^J /'*>^llll >^^l xu. c^^\ j^] ^Jji o^ iJ^^ ^J :>^ 
<Cj^j <:UL ^UU^il Jl a>^ ^ «u>j ^lljij o*^' ^ ^"^J^ "-H-^ ^^^ .^L-il ^ 



.Ua*^ Ujiv <^aiVi ^ <j^\ <S:>JI >!; (^) 



(r,A» 



fe^^ J C^ j! 3-*^ jf f t^a( j! o-o ^> l^ 0^2^ Lj cjJf^ Ijill 6JJ1 J>^1 a>V^j <^'^ '^j 
^.^j,^ [4:^10^ Ujll^ h^^j <^j^ oLujfjj j^ "Lw U j^ U^ ji Jljal j1 J3UI j] <]Ulj( 

a^ioj ^^( (jU^ ^ t^j^ ^^ <jii j^j! ^u ^jjivi <ii^ ^^^ jLji ji£ 



.Yvi -rvi ceji>i^lj Ljhj^^' '^^i^ (^) 



ftT.^,, 






.YA\ c^u3iilbc&»>=^toUJa (V) 

TT , J N /r jU^I 4Ju >1»5 ^AV -TAX -YV\ c^u^iUb C^Hi-^^ ^^ (^) 
.Y*\. -YAS^YAVjYA^-YA^t^au^JtoU^^fJk^W^^ji^ (^) 



dJj ^_ji\>ja^l lift j^iijjl flfij *t:?h?45^' i> l>*^ ui^^ I ^"^i-^V; Jt>^j J'j-*^' (^ 4j,.,tl„^t.tll 

(_gj-aJI (^jOll ^^La^ ^^ <JJ M ni *«ill^ I^-aA j-^ *JjJ^ iL-j^ IJuA JJU (*UjJ .(^OJVIj 0^1 

^^1 6jju J (["^ ittlj (-A V • V) <luj (^>Jj J ' ^ ft 1 < ; J "> ft ^i i^ri^ ^jjIjjII Jjc ^j/iiM aVI 4^jl9 
^j^'itt ^ w_iL Sjllla^ ell Jj^ :<] JLi <ui,^ lol j-6 la^l ^_^ !jl ^jl^j <<ljLLu-oj^jiiJJL U'l ^ o 

iic <JdA Lft j_^ Jjj ^_^! oLjijy ^^i^au 6j iiTi r *;LeJc t () vfl <J^^li-oj <wflJj f^'^l l JjL n . L . ft j^J 

X^S, 4m^J ^1 ^j.fjjj J^j i<jS Jioj1\^ l ^ft . " A Ij &j.uijji 4x9 1 J ill i_jLa5l ^| a^I a^iA I Ij4^j 

^ ^LaJUx* ^ jjjLi V <ua* iifu <jjj;i*c« ^la^ (jl^j i<JjLJL pjU4^lj jj^L ^_^LiJi ^1 Jjt^ ^^jll 

£j n YMi r> <Lij 1 1 <ri s^LjSa <jL1»J( cJ-laj .-ft TT"V <li^ {^J^ <*< ftft t oj <l"^ inj <dxju»j <i.)j^ JL^ 

p IjjVI (^ <_iLc. <Lf-iiUL^ ^ .rill .ill ^ qjUI J (|j 4 jI^I ja-5j <^jaA\ ^Uju LSjLa. 0*-^*' c^-^' 

.t.o C6l>*^U C6i>=^' *^^^ (Y) 

TYlJrrY-rY^ Ciu^i^bcjH^^^*^'^ (0 



f A (<4ijj ^^Li^l IjJ^ <Uc j_y^Ljll JxL^i^ .>*-a^ 4_^ C5L»^( c^J-i^l JL>-^:»^ 0*^ (5-^^* ^H J.'J'" 

^jgJI ^^j lA>jl ^jJl jL-j ^l^lll 4_y^L?JI J-e^ .^^LuJI jj^ ^>kill Jjij i^Hj '^J^^J CA^ 

><*a i>jjjJiJi Ja.1 Jl JaIj! a^ t<LJ) (jAiUI) Jj'j^ *^j'^ ;^ *U j U"» w*d^ Jlall t £j ■ ^ il l ;^a^ 
4j>j-ol ^ SjIallJJ <JUa^ J^ i I (iK fi SLcj t<^^JJ <^ l^b <a j;j ■ " <-jll^ *lJc (^j^i *£j-a 6 Jot 
p ^ J If. Jji ^^^jla. ^ ^^;ij-^ ,>ab^U ^^ Ja* ^^>J-t Jli: Vj <JJj-*i' (^^>« -^ 0^ f^J *<ilL.xi-oj 
^ a\j. .>I" ,^ah ^ Ltllu^l Lolil a>ilAJ fjjL^ Lu) Cr^^^^ O^ *^A5 *cr^^->^' c^tH*^ 6^ Xa-a^ 

^^ jjLiJI Ij-A Ja! <jJc Laj ^»4^aiclj (jJillt Jj-j-^ cr^LjjJi ^ 24^ Jl^ L^ «.^ <j-^a j).^^>j 
^..t i^ > 1 ^^ j^ ftjj-a^j ^ <x.Li.]j <;AL-oVt <j>^ J <Gj-u J jLaj. <iljA3 *^tlUI diju ^oi^ <1« 

rl ^ *J'"J U L^f>i-4lAVIj<jijJl (^ J-alJUj <.JLlky ^^L»X\ wJJj-iij L^J^is^j J^(j^lj<^ljjlU 

SbuJI r^^j>liall J)t *4J^e-^ ^*^ JoLa jjwt, a Vi <LS ^j (_^j-*^l 6>^j (/^^-^' d*^ 

^x^J ^ jAJi-Ui C,^j^uJa:iVI ^Ja2 ^ Lil^ SJjJ^ La.jfj Ij^jlj t^LH^* u^J-^' (j^ JaLAllI^ 

O^ju^^ v^l^ J-^ ^)j <^^i L^ ^U(j <kJI Jlcj ft,>e-*a^ ^ v^^ *4^ -^' 3^^J 



.TV. 



l4^ alii ^LJI J^ ^ik. ^ai^l ^ ^^^1 ^^ ^^^_^ ^^^ ^ ^ ^j_^ ^^ 
^1 ,^ijy^ij iiill ^Lij 4^y^^ ^^LiS ^ L^ 4J%. ^l^ i^,,^ ijj^ ;i^ ;.;.^ - , 
U.«U>U-,jjj^a,4a^ j4.,^j^^j^^5 ^^^i2j| ^ j^i _^^ _^ ^^^1 ^ ^^j^ 
Jl a.^^1 L^a^it j^ J-- i^Lj^b ^Ull ^ ^^j '^'.j^l ^L^l ijlj^ UJx! <Jc 

^*^i**-^'^^'ue«^^i>*i'^>JI Jf*uf j-*u? j^«-4 JUll Va:^^^^ 

,,^***UJ( ju^U yi .i*^ 4ij) uo* ^1j '^j^t^l „ ^L:S j^l ^ <jj .^^^ 

jj^l ^Uu^l Ot Ji; V ol£j .Ly^^^ ^l3S) -Culjj J-Uj ^^LjJI i^ .jb fAY aoM. j^^l 
^LlS Jt jl^^ <Ij ^ rAY 4^jatl yU) i>4 jji^lj .UJUJi L^Ujj <^^l i^ 

Jli; V LiJ^j U_^j uLjjjij tljj <i,^^ «LlSj ^p^l ^^1 J) j.(|„hr. Jl.^^1 j^ 

ail t^jji (-a t . \-) ^jji ^^c>iCf3jA ^ Ji^ ^:>ii^^^i ^^1 ^1 j^ ^ iL 

I^U j^jll SLJI jUj .^^jSIlj t^j^^l oi>^l >^Lj. J( ^^jliLJI jH^I ^1 .i^j^jiVI 

.^'^v/Y•J^Av/r5lJ^^l6UilJ,^^A/^5^^l<uu (y) 

• Y^^ J ^Yr /^ su^i ^^i^jt. /\ j ^^v asIjJI »ui (r) 

.^Ar/^JnY/r5IJL,]i»Lil (£) 



<^^ ^ bb yS^I J^y^^J^ ^jLS^>-il" ^^ Ji^' .^! ^^^ ^«^' tf^"^' ^?>=^ 



f,iiaAji\ 



:43U» 



^^ :^^Ml^ .^al^Jb ^L^b -iJb f^b Jb-VL a> j^U-JI ^ i^-3 






c jLJuiVt ^ J^ ^i ^lo JU ^1 dju *^j-a fjl^ j^ ^^ t^Ub ^^' C^b^' <j^ 3>*^f 
^jlll ^ ^1 Je' ^^i 4lix^U isy^^ o^i^l oj^l ^J^ <^ odl^l *^U*JI <L^ 0' ^! 
^^jll oijll ^^j ^'l<da-« J^j *c?^U^i v^.il' CA>^j <^l^ cf^i^' ^xJi J*^ -* i oA 
f>^ o^l t^o* ;>^ ^^Vl ^ <j>i SLl^ U^ o^ 3>^' ij^ iSjJ^U^\ V^oll <^j--i «ui U^ 

^Lv->l ^Jkj i5j» :J>1; JjjJI ^1^1 t^a=- ^Ji J1*JL. J^Sllj ^Lill ^>. jjl Jlajl J*J 



.YAi /A J^ ji>t! (N) 

.nv^>Oei (t) 

YY f.> ^1 Jit ^iiii ^ oijfeij v^ /^ ,.K:vVi JU-i ^ (.is^vi (r) 

.^^£J^Y/AJOoA^l^^'J>-»V^'^^' (0 

. YV^ J YVA y>ii jl^l ij-iP^ 1^ t*^' (') 
«Y\a» 



^jll ^^j^ja-j^f ^-"j^ "-Hi^ *f;^j>^ a* f-ff^ *tj I^^U Ui «ijiu^llj ^jtal .tilij <juft«Jlj ^jULLI 
Uj-^j \X4lj i^jJiU^l wuhjll jLlLcl ^^ ^jiVtj ^jJtlL ^^^Oljj ^ ^juUll a>La-3^ f^L^ 

t^J^ (.5^ i-a.*-(alll IIa ^ Jkj L^ <ljjjl ^ <£:U^I SL-^ ^^^U <ka^ C>^ji^ ^JC J>^ ^-^-^Jf 

lift ^^^ ^_^\ln,^ <GLi)) :«lIj-S ^_^ ^Li^l j^ j_^jVl oi •\ fl irtil jift < J If Oj^ -•',*;" *\3 j ^'^^ 

^^^koil ^j^j^-sJjl Jill fli ^"S^ OCrtiJ •K'Ul^ t^ '"J f"^ ^^ <<Jl iniiO * iU"nii ^ J^U taJa^6jitiU 
tilij ^ ij<lt4 (jjjioJI J^ *GjL.*-aj J>aJJ) ^j^ uj^^f a^I^ iaiaJ jahol! <£.ljdua IjA-uij J^ — /\ (j j If 



.Ar-ANjklijAN A. 6Ulli^>ij^l (N) 



... 1 , (3 -^-%7 > ^L^Vi <-^j^> cJaaJlj l^Lu» CilAji^ L^ULuui Ci^CjIi L4I0 ojjljl U^ ^1^1 

(^t j:ljii ul .*b tjktj 6jj_^i ji^ <:iLtj^j^ f,>f^j <>^ (^>j <J\ j^j u^i ^^a^i 

^L^^ jai jlli «^^^l J^UIh) ^K:a.VI 6AA J^ Jc d^ ^all ^LuuVl \jlx^ ^ j.L^ 

^-^J^ ij^^ ^L»II ■■ HM'^) ^Aa-^j j1 o . ^n jl g-fljJ t^ jl I .>^ ^t K" n 1 1 ^ Uil <fljfl-^H 

Vj SjIjU Jib*:; V VV l^Lu. Vj\kUll' V JSU L^Lju JjL ^ <^^^t JxljjJI Utj» 

«<J1I J_iJt L»^ v»ijjj.wa J^Lt jjJ_L; j^l^ll SLftll4 6jl£b.^:kl£|i <lJ1 rt-I-aj i Ua 
«<; Ull » J «jy I » OXJ <f y*^ ^ n «(j I )} jjJSjj .<jiiAa. ^ A^*^l ^>Aij Mjt j) » ^ aLI ^jjSSuj 
jLf\ **11a Jjj^ Law f^^Axli (JiJjJu5j « Ljj,\%" ft [ixSfC Lo)> Jl^ ^ Jt all 6XA-» ._"^'>' Laj 
.jLili liiXLi U» :Lal (2^1 Ostl Jf-waill j^^IaI! J)V -I ^j^ -^ j^ja"ll Ijjk j^^uJj «, 

.dux_;J( j^^J jLuVI 0^ ^ Ijb 0^^iV' C-- Vj 03^ V ^x^l ol c^i «^ti!;. 



J^'j^ jt?^^ 0^ ^>^' '-^"j • ' «^.A-aJ Vj ^^G dtl (_^1 « (5.1 -^ o liut:! U» >^VI <-ai.^b 

.At-AN J^jjAN-A.sUUI^j^l (\) 

.A£-ArsUaJl^a^l (Y) 

.AV-A'\>i.j,AA~AVsUaJ|;^jJ| (r) 

.AAJ^^-^. sunt ^>. j^t >!; (i) 



(iJkU J^j» ^^ (J^ <(d.U» _ii jjft I All jJbj 4jlc J^^ V Jjj'^kft J^J<^ ^-^J '4^> v^*^ <^1-^ 
J «jijif» J «^-AiVl» j! 4^jJj -^J^ <JcLi ^^ Jj JjlUI ^V (jJOia >L Aj (j 4 ft aLa-oj 

«tj^ i^-^Ltii ^J-i^^l ( i«*r-^Lw ^llletj Culla» J {( i irf^-%Lii IjaJ ^^illlaj Q '^t H » J « lA.ibjJ Ijuj 
^JujjJI >-4Li' A d j'lj ft i f tj C( ft If I » J «,j j fl l Ui ft *j^j ft 1 1 1 jj^jjjjji LaAL! I f\ ^, j't l fttf Ij 

jjlSj ULS» J ii^uij^l jjc tf^jljjjJI Ijjtij jkU)) j^j A^.tilLujI Jf-i-uL »-jjJiil Jt Sjjiyi 

:JU loJj ^^1 yi ft .A< ^UVI ^j ^1 <J^ ^t:^' ^^iJiVfc^^L-'^-^j:*^!^ 
^ 6jift.Al jl ^lill;(_yi jj^ U wfil^ VI i^ <Qli *Jf^1 «UV j^l C>JJ>^I ^i«j» 

jV ^:ilUI jir. Lax ^L^ ^1 dit «JUi*i.Vt» ^Lj *'U((^lill j*^ JjVL oULuil j^Uj 

3i^j .^^.uaiii ^^^ ^Ji .^j^j > <ic j(>x^i (^ Sj^Ui <^jVi ^ ijcjLa sujji 

.^Ij Vj «Lil L9.U. V Uo <^j J^ t^LJI I>iji1j 3'>^' t* t^j" ^->;; J^^ btJ-^^ 



\ * -> , . 51*11! ^> a^l jliii (N) 



«(rNA» 



-r 



<JI jLt jjlj M?^U juj1» llljj ^ Lo-^ jij j.A^j-0 ^ 6jj n.i^ ^1 Lk£ <j j-a2jj ^Vl 
jJbj wAjjklH Sl-cij^ «4lll j-i£.») ^ a>-?^ *^*^ L^jt^'y oj f J-Sj-0 ^jl ^ J it, *jj " -^; J ^"1 
.<l^I pUi^Vlj ^LJI ^all f-^j 4^1 jJj ^-oLt ^j ?jAi]l ^1 J^.uA\ J.*^Vi U^i 

•* «^- ^ ^ ^ ^ " "^ 

Lo ^1 n i AW «jljhJf» «pLJI» J>a J-Uii *<tf^** <Lufi»l Wp^}) Jjli JLj-iAi «JjLi» JLjua ««-iJI» 
Jli L&^ «cLiil}> yr rn"! ftf^LJU ^>ju^ J Ill's lb (<A^» 0^ c>^J ...Jj^ L^j j^*^*! ^V L^ixfl 

1^1 I j J 4 ^ uLaj ^.ftj j-A-AjJ I <£««tj j-3^' cijLix. ^jl ^j,jj«,j^^» :«^^jAjjw^ oijJiH 
Ixji-su V| j-aJJI jj^j Vj JjLlJII dLLi*IIi Jkil &1^ ^t-A-a.j3j (L^j JSJ JJc jx. a-^ til 
sjJi^^i <_ii>Li J^Uu-o ^ 4JLL.VI ^2^1 Ji-^i ^j.Uki j-tis L^l ^jjj .>LL VI ^JaILI^ 

.^t^moj l^i L^Ia j.;xjil <cLli^ ^ 60A JuaI V , %l\r^ 






«rsv 



s 









SjLxiVI ^jjjaJf 6JJb o ^ J . t , <4A> (^1 ^jjU :Jj-o «,3f» wiL ^^ 4*ilj jju J^ U J^ j^-Aj 

^ ^La^ V <4l (^Ijij ,^^' *-^>* <-^LJij <Ujtall C^^IIaJI JLxaI 4J-0 pi lA ft J>jl wiij saj 

% juj» jij ^ :^^j ^jVl <LJI jc VI « jli3 aIS» : UtjS Jlo ^ <k; Jul ^^ J(>«J' 

:JIjL J\ JI4 J-a UdiU JaLa La Ul -g^^J-a J^^fl J$j ^jij-» <JiV ij^iii Vt*^ O^ "^^^ 

LliS Sj[^a-MI kIjj Jclill <„i*^\i ^_v,.A5ll ,j*Sju a! ^ \}^j **-*^ f^ *Jl>*^b JtLill t;;ju ji^>ttll 
^ t^ol! Ji:Vl ^Li 6^>^ oV^^Ollj j^ij JilU VI Jxill 0^ V caV JJS JcUII oV :<J 
^^ Jill 6^ oV>»uI)j j^lj JcUil oV (J[>*A^ v-i^-^l >A t^jlf liii.Vl ^^Ij JtUil ^jli 
^j t^j^jA Jc-LiJI jL Lak iilj ^J^ij ^ *jjji%1 1 in U ^».4^>l£ ^ya >%j jj^isiluuj U ji^iL^ 

^ 6^^^ w*(^l ^^ 4^j.ia^ c^>^' J-o'j*l J:;-^ i> l4lll*Uj L4J J[>aU SIaIII ^_yk ^^^\ L^ 



^V -M j^\ Jk ^ ^L-aaVI >lj (N) 

.^oY-^o^5Uil|^J^l (y) 



«rY 



JIaJLj V <^J (^ Ua^ I gjlr JJj j-ii. J-* (^j^-eJSoil a^I^ ^ S^^^' <^l-cjlj *(_f^aH *_i^-oLj ^ 
fiSj^ dill Jj-AJli jJxiAjJL ajU ftluL-aj b^J-A lijO^a^ Lolj 4j Ujlalo Lcl {^fJ*-a ^^ Jjf tlaiJ V( 

^-^jUiill J[5.i-"^f JL5 U<i jllJI ^ AOiLi* 1^ jii ^ j^ <ua JU J^j .^ jaAj Jl^i (^ JU 

.4:iL!il ^^ ^ft>n ^ iai ji^l ^ jl^j V 4:1 ^ j^Lc^Vl .^Ij-a. «ai ^^ Jj^ U^j *(0) 

^:il^ ^yi L^ JU^I ^j^j ^Ul! ^il^ ^ :;l>^ V (^! oiUjlillj otj:;JA:iJ)j o:iUklllj oLcj>lll 

. L^ UuLi Ijo^LS Uilj L^^ l^jA^ ^j w.>*^' (3^ ^> H ^'-'^^^Aj^ >=^* LT* H^' V^?4?J 
Vf ^xl^ V <:!j ,^^j„.^l jJblkj J-ikVi (^ 6i^ ^ ^>^ J>jlj Jii'^J "^'j^ ^>^ J^H:? ^ i>^ 

6aL ^yfl ^^j L^ ^j ^^Vi (^ ^jLL ^> ^x4ld ;^t5J^^ *LaJ (^LA* J_t( JAJ pLa. JJaj 
^U > ^j, .^L^lj ^>..-:«j J^jJ^i^ j^l j) tj^>^l v>^' o'4? i> *J:^^ Jl ->^k; H^ 






(rr^; 



1 



^jL£ j^ f^-^^ LwalL^ ^j-«^ ^y* u^ Jh» *'^>* u>*j •a>-*^j^ ai',>H? u>*-*-^ <Li_4^iL-uVI 



J>k]l i^lj 6j.ua£. r,J^ (^ e<IaU^» <Uu!j Uftm o ^ <U^ Jj( (jLp. jj\ ^^^ . l^ jj.^jS1\ 

tlx^li LajjU. U:1j t^iiVI ^^^ J,Li^ ^u ^UII JL, ^j .pl^yi ^ <Jj-^l jl:J-iJ' ^^ *->*''^ 



^j £\ joxll JfiJoilj M"^ /I ^'J\ oljloij Ylo /I iiU^i S^j3j Y.r /I <«K]| 

r<rYY» 



14^ ^>51^l ixi^ ^_^^t ^UJI jLkSl > <h^n > *.Lkli UIc cu^^^l jSj <hj^\ dJUf Jli 

*L»_*jjj <iLilJ( ^2)-o fit^ V^^^ lt'*' *^^ ^'^-^ "^^h ^^JJ-^J 4^^^i-aj «Gj.a-oj 6j . M ^ oj <b^j 



c^3^) JoU^ ^ n /I ^dii ^jji^j rr /\ i ^ji^^ij u^^\j t /^ l^i ^^t j^ (r) 

^lJJ( c^ ^^ jjL^l ii:j ^LaJJ! (>) L^^: No -YNY /Y oUi^lL ^^l^b ^^A /Y 

.YA\ 

i -Y j^t ..."til ^^j.^ ^ jj o^-iiij-j^jjiiij \x Ai ft't^ii oUuk (_^ ^1^1 ^u ^>kj^ (r) 

.lVjllj£r-£Y^^^3^I^U:^^b 

«rYr» 



^jj^f <^ljj ^j: ti^^ ^j il^i <jlOI ^ : L^ .<LL. ^^ ^ jiki <:L ^^^^j .«<JI 
.j.c^l ^ > dllj oi^j^j . k^J^ H^ u^j Uaf>( <^ 0^ ^ ^1 ^l<:^Vf <i^^« :L^^ 

OLJj ^>'l O^-^j <^^' o*-**^ i>^^l <^ cf^ oxlkJ jij,) :JU SjojOa oUl Jc. idL\j 
C^jilj c {(uj^lji. [^ oJiiuitj L^^^x^j U>aJj l^iAJ ^^ Ll£ L^ oil^j *f-*^J o^L^I 

*iA ^Ij.rt ^ oif^j ' **Jliil ^^^( ^bJ) jLLaSi . ^h^n ^ ^j «ilj^j <^ieJl>» u: '^'^'^ <ij^f 



. N n /^ .^ jj! c^iji^j TAA /i ^ikii jjjij Y*\o /r .^i ^j ,v/y 

.YVA dJLJI g^ (T) 

-Y^o/v.^ijai (t) 
.vY-l^^vY^5^>^lol^ 



(TYl 



^^1*^ «^j» 05^^ o» c^j-^^^^i' jMj 0^ «fe^' ^^b oLVI > 4jJIc 6^ ^J» : JLO 

dilo^j ..^M^ > Sp!j-3 (^ «uyjL^ Oe-^l fi*:ii» i^^Uu <JjJ^ w.-u:^i J! v^j-^^' ^^ .> 
,^. ,^\t1 ^! JjOII «jIj]J» oi>x^ *^>^J <^l^l a-Uij ^^J^ JjV' a"W^ «6:f.>e^-^' f^J» 

j^j U V! ^i^jjj^l wuIa ^j Joj-^I v'.h^ f^ 3ee^ > -r**^ t^ ^1 '"^ M^ u^^^ 



. IV^ /Y La^l >a^lj «A (3lj^ J1 (T) 



:,!s jb .auj) ^^ ^^L U:^ 1^ ^^, . Lj ^ ^, ^ ^^ _^^^^ 1^ H-^ oi^' 

<:^i. ^Ul >l ^U .:( ^ ^^ jS ^ ,^, ^^, . L^ _^ . ^ ^, ^ y^ ^ ^j 

.r.A/^i«alJ^lJ.J^UJ4£JYVAJ^rJ^^SJSJl (\) 

•"Y/<'J^«/^■^^l 
.nr-nYJ^yr^A.rw/YW^|J^l (r) 

.rY-\» 



i/Aj <Ae-*^' ^ SpI^ (^ a] <Pj^ ^ Ui. ja^j ^i <J) ^j L6j» :« UlU ^Jt c«j U Vl 

Uillj j^l ^ ^Ui jjkj . 1^1 dlj 3U5 dij JiA ^ 31^ <:ic ^ij ^ ^j ,j^\ ^ ^uij 
^1 y:it£j J^ <aI ^t ^L^i ^j dij .^ij J^^l ^ -^.j^ ^^1 ^_^A*J <ii »Jj ^^j 

CjCi^l^i a^J ^^jl i bl 6j»^ j^ llj ^xib xS^h :JLU Sj^IjJI! oUlj-lII c^ ^ ^ ■ - ^ t ^j^ 

LJ.^jjL^^li*'«<5:; tlj:u<iinj^L IIU jt^ ^^^^^ ^ ic^a.! Ill ^IWI ^j .^Vl 
6iA ^_^ U£ i g . A» ,. t ^ <iilj-« ji ^^ 3^ ^ f^fjil c)^..^^ ^j^ ^ dill <u a^u L. 

of 

f^ «dL>) ^i^j-=^j 't^l o^J i^^l ^ dL^^-.i:iII ^joJ^ ^al) ak*U «^_^» *.j^^:=^ :JILJLI 
5lil* « U^» ji ^i ^Ujj <(Jlj)) ^_^l*^ ll=LiU iUi «^j,) p^^:ju^j < j^lj ^joxw U^^.«4^ ^1 

^'^Uj^j ^j ^^^LJi JxiJI > .^.^uGll jij^ Jl ^Ujj .^:i/Jlj ^VL ^_^i ^0^1 JL^i 

o^»^^ji\ ^ «6aie» c^:;^^^ SpI^Ij . n^ /r L^i _^^ij . . jaUu^vi <ie^ ^ jiii, (\) 

. {^^ jA :^\jii\ ^ ^ i^:ii\j sa\j1\ jj^ j,]) «uij Av /i L^i ^^1 (r) 

t-^J«TTv^Yo.^^o'\^^YA^^^ rt, JV.l^^Y^J^n^ai ^^vi^ui^ (r) 

. Ntr ^ £r /I J YN /M^i ^i^ M, NAY /\ J MA /r ^^1 

• ^■^^j Nrr^c^NM^i^^vijvrAjrNvdiLJi^^^ (i) 

«rYv« 



jai > o^jiLil ^^u^\ ^ ,_il^| -CftjijSlI Lull. ^jU dJJJ L4^ <.ljyi o.^^ Ijl L^j^ 
i^ Uj j^ ^j,. :JLu <Jji^ ullj .U <ijij^ l^jl. ^ C!U>-JI 6l t- o^l^l SjUI 

CrOk. ^a J:J*:i Ji .-xjsjj .dJoi LLu.! ^^i ^:rf^j:,i^t 1^:^! L^ U^>^(j<.^^i ^\jM\ 
J^Jl iiUIl ^ lj(_^ ^! ^.^^ ^ ^UTu 6^ l^j^ j,l ^^ ^j ^u.1 slj^i ^j^^ 

L^ <uk ,ju^j ^a^ SjiiLili oA. dij *^l^>.) ^Ij^ ^ -^j^^ ^l^ ^ f4*:'»^J ^<^ 



. AV /£ L^l ^^f^ ,01/1 ^t^l ^U* ^ (T) 

-3.LJI ^^1 (r) 

.ro.^Liu^V! (1) 

«rYA)) 



. lai.V «>» .^^^^ JjUlj ^\ {^j:^j «^j„ Sj^^ ^^ ,;j(j( ^] ^1 j^5 La Jj] t^j .<i>^:i^ 

.*' YJt>Jl ^ js^ Ji <iii j^^^ 
o^ t^ iSJ^^^ h>^^^ ^t^Th^' 6^ U,^^ j^ ^^VI ^y^ i^ih ^1 cUL^ 



.r.YjY'\YjYn 
.^>flA^UujV} (Y) 
^13S Jilj ixja=Jlj oUt^L ^UJLxVi t> j:,L^ ^1 aS^o ^ J^.,.^ft:;t!j . YYA ^Lia^Vl (T) 

.(uiLi^l ^j^U ^UluVt t> SU^! wi5>o) yl:^ <*U. iuj^L 

c^^ie-*Ji ^%^j r.i /i <^iut ^j)^ Y^. /Y ^LUi ^j^j^ oAv /r .^uj[^>jlj (l) 

«rY^« 



J* ^JJ 0^ *J-^^ cr^ ^(/^' J-*-=^ -^1 ,^^ ..^Ue V jiU ^^^ ^IkJI o^ J>^b 
6Jj ^ JU .4111 ^la^ ^ J^l ^1 ^Oj ^ *''^c^ V( oiSe V ^J:^^ Jl >*U^* (> JL>^* 
^ l^V^j^ > <^>ll ^UlVl uA^j^l <-jii>UI u^i^^' JM' ^>>5» :ai-H^**All jj^ ^ 
. J^iOl! ^ 'G>.^j tljjj t>.j *<f-^j <ili |.jS y^ yJtj ^U3 <ill ^> ii>l oltlA Jl <illl 
<ai Ij^ljj ^-i^jlr 1»JJ> ^-iii^l Ji^Ul <:ji j^^:* V;^^^ je^-^ >>Ai * f d ■ ^*|^ Jt^*-*^ lT^ *^^>i -"^ 

jU^l ..^^^ ^ llti^ 6^ Kr^.^fl LAj:*i^j I^al^Jij ^^Lt ^1 0*^ aA>'-^' J*^ ^J» -^f^* 
usL ^j jLu V ix-aJ J^ ^^ii*5 /'\.*_,li:SJ( IdA (_^ tXijU: j_^ dij Jli L^jli ^cjii.^ ii^o^ Vj 
Lo jL^i >iUiIi ^^U ^>i jll > Jll Uilj)) :^ 






.r.A/NLa^l^H^I (N) 

.o/M»a^l^>^i (T) 

.iTNjTAV 

.TT /N jLll ^\j n /Y t5;>Vl Jydi > <i5>* >%^ tYA /I La=ai >^i 0) 



j,(S Luj^ *^^1 Ji ^ L^Ui j,l£ <Gl :^^,j^ J>j! <:£. Jli jiJ ^^ ^jil ^>fcUi ^jl^tt :JL5i 
jIIa ^j aij c«;itlx «b jj ami's JjljfVf Quj-aalt pljL t*L»«Llil jjA*i ^^t^ <jt IIa <1jS j^j* ^ t.>^A 

^Jc <i>u»L ^^^1 (_^^Lkl! ^jlll j,L^ ^1 3^ <j j^.*^aAli ^^,1 ^Ijllj .^1 ^ J^ljVl 
luV pL-i-A ^\ <^jxtij <-jij-*iJl( <juujJlJ Qu Uo^j jjKigt iA,n j^jl ^5^1^ jj» v>^; 0^ Jl?L=>* 

j^^;^) A-*-itj^j <4jJbJU \_AJbjLij 4jijL» i^Liji pLlAa J^( «_(o l^_ai i^JlSu bj-i^ ^- a a I j ^ d .^< i t ^-^ '. 

jUJLal L^ ^j^jLa^ ^j]a Llj^l J^^J-aJJ (( . ., 1 r A*! flU )) j ^^^ «wLjirt^fl» ^LiSk^ ftjju 1^ La. ^^ 
■ ^jl JlaJ SjLaJ) (^ Lii^^i QJj vjilH j <j5.a^| ^f^^kll 3tiUl <Ji^>x-ft ^ ^JkSlI j) tJlkll 

f4i jU^b*''-:^' oUj ,3j» JlxLI (j-o t>a-43 La ^L» -J <jj tj <n I4J ot^^ v'^' c>* *" '^ Lo JL« clljj 

^-wa>A J>6 ^LoVj <UaC ^jJI ^-icLixIl J^ (^^tuS Lo ,^L» J «Jl*ii jxc. ^jA ftjilaJ V(. A.^t^l ^^ ^jjant 
^L fjja ^j^ ^a L x H U L^ Jj^JLaj «i K i n n (JjLuu-6» jji w*>aJ (j-o vJjjIf AJJBX. Loj ftj^jLall >,Juj uTt'W 



.r. \ <^^i <iiii ^^ ^Lj rrr -rrr /\ 4^^L-.Vi a,uiu^b (t) 



U^ Jc C.UKJI o^ t l>it ^ SLJii l^.^ ^\ <J1.V1 dlj Jl*j .LpJi i.^1 > |;:>tM 
^ oS: ^ ^j^l O"^ Slju^l ^j > jl ^^.f-^-S^j > Ul^ <:V ^^^ ^ 5UJI We>-^ t^' 

.ft jjj J;jL jiA ait jjj^^Vl ^^Uft oiOj^I))) 



J A*i-a^ U 



;j 



jA5 'C^^^dA*' oit^ i> v^>* *-* -^^^ 3fj^ 



*ki > Ji\U\. :j\j^\ xy^jA "Uili^ l!3» -Jj^ Jbi*'' V->-^' L>^ <^^' ^J*^^J 

bi«5 >i LSj: u^j^L; jSj ... Jij f^il4 4it JL>-^ ;^^ J^-l > uli"-^ u'>^''' :<--«^J "^-^ 

:Jl«dl»UJI-T 

.<^*:ai«j soi*- J^L«- <l*^j j=^i j--ii i^V ^Jij^ij ^^ijiii Jl»iUl^ 






'".« 1^1 <^U 5U <j*-ij oU— j-»^ JJLu ^^ JJLLiJI 6iAj . jUSU -ui j^l <a^ ^ 
.iJI^I > ^ Vj ^IjSlI JLJI > ^ iU J>l JLJI > 1^1 J- oiUxUI 6l» ^^1 

>_,1_>*.| oUiU ^> j.4aJt bjj dtj > ..Aijajj s^ijJi *ri.--ii J>t^ i>i* JJU:ili Sj^ J^ >=^ 

.-^-. ^o^\ ftOAj ^JoJt 6iA ^^ t5-iJI wiiUJI IJAj.) :JL5 ji jJLJI j^Jil t--=.j 1^1 
jl ^yLjly iLi t^i^ V ^iU -Gl :JL5j ^j»Sll «JI» ^ ^iUIl Jjj .«j.^ <Uk ^ Vj JilL 

^■■•■c L^ j^ V 4iif oir,,t.li J^'\ ^ j^iUj cte«j^b c^hi>-=^' >> -^-jj -"^ J^L^ ^ 

^ 3.._. :m |I ^jii ^^ SUJI ce ^M" 1^^ <12i j*^ Jli til villj a* "^l^ > *Ji^ Cr*^'->' </* 

:iiUL<. jjjl Jji <^j^ JJt <ji J«U1I 

^j, r._. Ul Jei*:iJb .J^L^oJJ i^jU. yJbj .f^jilll jJU :^ UK JJLl^JI »'sa t^j3 oiui) 

j\Jlj ^Ujll CMI*::j i^LjI :Jb*; vj^' J^' > ^-^ o^ ^^ ■^-' "^' '^-^^ "^ ""^^ 

!^j S^e^ jliSI Vj>i jL^I ^^! dUj ^ ^UL^ Vj4iAljll iJUll ^>i ^j) *J > Lj^ 

.\Lo-\/\j^l^1jMJbjliiyTA/Na«^ljJiiilll (^) 

J YAA J NAN -u. J ^ T.r ^L-^jVij YTA J tn J >w J Nrr -\T\ J rr. aJi-Ji 

«rrY» 



^ <jl VI «4j ikij JaLaJL ^j^A^^rJli j5j fJ-AjJI J I fl f "t ^1 CiJi JjI iir, a ^^ ^Liic jl n"trVI 

v_jJbljJ>l 6J-ft j^ f^^i^U ...Q^aA1-6 > h\ .nil L^ jikj g^jt AU Jxii] f-il^l ^^ i«iAIj«o a t \ tn 

^ ji:^ J^l J^J >«<^ Jfcl^tnj VI ^^ti^jfl (^fJa^ /^^^ <AC UiiL ^ I3| v^^LaJlj -^aUV Xs^ <^ Lulu 
*'*.4laSa^U Vj Ull J ^ ^^Jdai. VI ^^<H 4Ai «Ulj JjLi Jj J^Ull ^J JI3SVI Sjj^^i^l 

^1 <Ufl Jo^ ^"">« UfU <ii ^Lo^lj (_>*jUiJI Ul .j-AllftlL l^-ii JLi ^JJ! JjLJLI |»Jb1 6JJb 

^^ ift r tjM ^ Lo Lai (<-^ (^Ulj ^I w <rtj al g- J n « III I (JS J)li <jj 1^11 Jj)^> t^ ^ >i^t JjU ^C^J * ^ ^ ^ 

j^^^t <^i *J*j-^l f^JriJ** :«4Jl» Jju L^Jkc « La» jjAjjju jfj^j «^jl£» j^ <]jS dlljj f I ft mil Jjjj A^Jt 

<Gl yrj-fc ir>llj((eJ,A,ft oillui l^lUio Oj£ U jl)) ij^iaui SjjIj (iLi) Ja:^j<^jjlaII a^ Jjtill jlfi^l 
jjL^ Vj Qt ft Ml La£ jjia^ La Ij-^-a c5J-9tJ ^J J^V Ij < Jill ^j^-o ^^J^ a^L$ *i^V dHj j^^-a^^ V 
f^Lxj-oJI Jj^5-a ^_^ jt>t-aiA dUj ^jl 6jlliJ t^Illj (j^ *iUJ ;j^ «liliialo Ul Lh>^faJj ,..^^LS L^ 

'.jcLlmII JIj «t^iU^il jjniAllj <^l^ LajI ^Lojuullj 

:^( J15^ 

Jl^Aj V Cllj^^l i^^ VI *^_^laAJ{ J^^jLkcllj^V ^^L^-uall Jj>*(^ jL-eOSVI Ujl^l Liilj 






^Uill ^iL ja .<^ ^a ll^li Ij ul^ J » :o^b ..•^ c.^^ 4*'^ '■^:' ^''' ^^^' , 









^(uilu^j^t 



^fc^ij ^ U K t^in Lft^ f4^ vl^ f^i^*^* (SJ^-^^^^ td>*^' 0^ ^^ t^ .Uj*-o Llij Lfji 

jjj-^l ^) jl^ l4jij (<jU.^ij (^) ^j j^L^ ^^ <liji( Lai .^j(_^ ^> iU iao^ ^i^ L 

<bLa^! (^) ^i d,^ I4.J .^:^Vi jju^ ^ <^j^^ ^^J^i\ J^i iLl* oilli ^^LuuVI 

*jlj5JI ^^j^i^fj J3I2JI ^^x^^iijj L^ j ,,ill, l^ -..^iL-uJI *uk ^^\ <klL ^^jl\ Joa. ^ 
f-ki -f-l^^-^fj JiUJL <jU.^( ^5 j^ ojL^j <lll J>w.^ ^ Ifl^ jjtUJll i>i^ Jjjjii ^> ^2j^J 

Ujja JfcAill ^jj <ji K . /^ tj <ill xut ^|j <*^jVIj -LiiJfj ojJ-=J1j jj tuttlll ^JLuj i.l>=JI oxJI 
^'jL>e ^>^^^' c^'^' JJbL^ :^j ij^^J^^ 0-* ^^ <ijijjll 6Jl^ C-^ '^'^ .<J-Ak. S^^fxti ^ <SL1 ^l^ 
cLikjC ii^lkC ,j^Lt ^l j^ u'j^' Cw-ajC)> :JU <G( <ic (^Jf;^ U^J^' jJ^uudJ ^ ^^'^ ilh?' J'^^ 
JJLJ jl^J LajLaJjJ <^ f^L^ii <ia. ^jA jJij (*iUa£j «cui^ ^"^J *^J^ f^ *Ju»il <<jj JS jjc <iil 
(^ J '' ^ J ^ 4jj.ji. ^_^lall Mf\'\'\\j jklj-aJI J-%1 mil ^ ^jhKj ^^L^J *S^' dLuuLxaj ^_^llll ^Jcl Jj^ 

u "^ •' 

J-a£al <1jjI( j^J J>aJi aj L^-iS jl£ J-cyC <jLil(j djuJ-iJf JLLIj ^^t fli .till ^LoVl aiu L^-i-ij <ijia 






^^ ^ 4il) j-Lii U .^) <ui jjj ^ Ui ^(j ij .^Ld\ LLlIl^i jii i^jii u^i^ij s^i^ij 

Jc ^^ ^j .^y I Joalj J^l Jx ^>xlij ^-f^J k^JJiJ ^ujUVf j-a^ I:Jii tlu ^^^ 

6LLAS ja3 j>i: hs^ ^jjl .^joiuil ^ , uit. .. <; CAA^lSK pLk j-0 jj^ ^.Vjjb Jllol j^ <LJLI pUk 
.<liall pLJc Oi Jii^ ^^.^ j^lj j^y. ^^^11 ^ Sj^ j^^j .6^ Jt>i ^ 4^ J„i4_, 4^liij 

.^1 ^ dlU ^LVI <;i^l Ijujjjii 6JLA cu^l j5j ,^I JjjjS ^I pLokil j..-^ 
jl L^ fj^xl^l oi *u;L4-l<u 3(^^1 ^Uk. ^i LJi J^^ ^ <j>Ail'j 4j_j^sall Luul^JI Ul 
L^^ ^1 jJJl ^ Sj-.-=^i o:LS Liiij Ulj^ Lc Jl ^ <^aJl ^^L ^U-iiV ^ak. oUii 
C^i^J <^^ Cx^lAij Ajo-M^Iij 4:lj5lj o'^l^ o^ L^ [^L^ 4jIjj jl* (^.iL^VI ^Uil ^^ 
f^ ^^ pU. Lu <e<5-=»J ^±^j^J ^^>^| >f^ > Le^ i^U Uj <CUi ^^ JVali-Vlj 4^Lx^ 

Ulili . ^alc <^Vl ^j^ l^l^ LLuloiVlj IflxuljJj I^ialua3j iUiJI j-4^ Jl Ijai^Ll^U ^^t 
^^ ^ Ua^j ^^H^Ij j_^I jx;IjJ j-o^j ^ ^j1 ^ <-! . . r. , ft U j^^^Vl ^^] LXi \1a J^ Jr, 

> .-f^ Ue^ -!^j ^Vj *;H* ^> *^'^'^ <^^b <lo ^f I4I0 ^^LuJKjSjL^ 31^1 Jl 
jl CJhf>=^* t-H=^ f^'>* J^^ u>^>*^ '^ *^^ W^^ %J^* *"iA er* >^' 0^ ^^ <JLuljj pVjJh 



«rrV), 



.Ujjtj j=-lllj ciJ*^' V^ 

, LjLiI i^ljj jl^ Uilj U^ jSi jJj v*''^ oe' UJl^j > J^^ ■^» =*^>*^' '-°' ''C^^^ Ci^^ 

. J«JI '^ ^L^ :,. <^ > Ll:S j^j J^i I uJii ^li >iU J t-j :f2U J.I JUj . iL^ o^ 
la;» ^50^:^1 J2ij «S^-^I >1 i^ljb o^ <iV Ujic ^i; V c^jllj « j5»^j c-3ll>. :JLS .iUJli 

Sj-^l ^^ ju^U ,iuJ,l Jjki > <ji>«-^l i^ail 'tsjiil 2;>^VI >^ je >^jll iftj 

Uj ■ f^--~H ili -Ot j^lj .i^jiJ jl iy^ J^Ll" > io^t jfJi L. lix j^^j ^jjll J>-.VI Ijl 

. jj^Vl ^1 U^ >,>^l j-^j iJf --i uiiJJI tPU' 6- ot^ <^l 'J'^ (> i^' ^'J '^'-" 
^1 :>. cllU i^UVI 1j5i jSi <jx>l1I :^ 6jii.j >^l a-l^' l5>»e I*? >^b ^^i-^i' Jl J^j "^'j 



.A*\ -v.. c^u^l^t^ (1) 



<l;jilj <1« ^1 <i5(^j .lil ^ J^l 4:1 1:^ ^^;^j ,^^5 j^^ ;^ ^^ j_j^| ^^ ^^ 

^jiVlj >^ ^^iijj (H^ljj ^ UaS us dli ^+1J.I d5j ,jljjl ^ ^^^^^1 ^^Ji -^Ij^ 
> 61=^1 0- jU^I J:kj 0- jL^l J-=.j^ l>^ ^ oliikll ^&, Ci^jljH j\ VI .a-.ljl^j 

(#) 1^1 j'j <<u.>L^I iuj* <.i j,Li I^Li ^^i^l pljiV <^j^ [^ oaa.j <jl iuJ«JI ! (,-.'■_■, 
^1 <£ JU iLiUj La,j i;jii l!jU olSj ,LSU ^1 ^1 {^\A-) J^:^jU. J^jl a2 

o^ -^ o^j 'j^t^ > {^ i^iu^l Lf^i >^Uj ^]j j^\ j^ <£» ^di t^All ^^^julVI ^^x«>o 

u, * ... r* ... . 






«rv^» 



C^ .LAS > 4:c ^j U JjLjj .6LI t^^u^^i V j^ <il :Jlii O'^l c>-t^' ^. ^J^ -J"^ 
3U:JI jl <ijlll ji 5,^1 Jl J^j> pljSJIj.Ukll > Lei :,!£ j5 <^l :^ Uj^ ^^ J^ U 

.<.^ fJlxlJ j.1 SjUil j.1 2^1 ie> Jt JL^VI olSi ^Ijx. ^^ 

^jl^ ^U ^ <^li oils l^ ol^ yllll ^jWI jl ^ili^l ^ Ji -jM-VI »i* :>• CAp 
j^ j^,^ 4J1I iu. V" -kt^i JL5 fA-i^V i^j: VI L4JL5.J >. a^Lj ll^ Jja; fJj ."jM' 

,,^^■.•■11 J.A\ . r-'- ^j-": ili» jlS^jVlt5;>>JI<dJI ^^l^^l J:^*t6;;i>^' j^ 

Lijij U <,,n-^ ,t,ll »iA :,t ^j--JI jl jL^ JW f>*^ ^ ^J '''•'<^-»J ^ SL.LJ^» J 

i^^L^ juj jL^vi > u^ ^ j'l :^i ^ ^je u' j% ^ ^"^ '<^^^ :^i <I^ ilk 

Jl U4^j j..^ Jj jl^l >. uUj > SjiS liii='"if -^J ' '>^J 'J^^J '•^J-'J ^-^^^' 
^uSi ^ j^LJI j^l J^'^Ji o^^'^h ^^^ >J <-»^i*-'^' <J->J' fie' Ji' t*^ ->-l^^' 
cUa ^^ 6aL L-jjl ill<^ jju J ^ oL ^i— L. ^^ilt jl J^jll i^^— :^ Sj^ Vj .jJ^VIj aij^ 
Cii CjjL^^ ^jU\ ..;h^;^ JU.JI ol^^ ^1^1 ^ ^ o^ 0' L:*^»^^ ^'j i^' 
^>JI ^ c^iljl. cLLu CjjL^ V j^l VI ^i* Jl ^l-i. jl ^j-^ J" t^-K-^ J' s?^ -J-^'^ 

.IfijLia-; (_^l 



oUjII <uk cuibuj <ijjL-Jl j.^l*:i lj>^ OeJl' -l^^' c> J-i*' l^ f ^' J*^ 
jiliCdr^Uj^b >:e^Mb :tt>-J^b Qh^i.^U c^i^i^ ^^^j W^jI-^ "^^ ^^^' 



Jl. l^ iiL£JI 3^1^ oJa*li <:>sc j^i^l ^^ ll-U l3l>*j <^U <l!^ *V>a, ^ J^ 



^> /^ <£- ^ jii^i, -^r /\ su.^1 i«.j tvv j wi /y ^j^l ^Si\ f^ii :>!; (^) 



<n 



<J^ ^ 6jil ^:J ^tli cUUiJt 6dA ^ <lU1 J^Uj ,j^jj ^^...^j ^j^j la^^j <aSLLilj 
L^j l^j-J*:u l4i4i jj.] LS j^ji Ul ^ j^j^ ^ j^^^UJI tja ^.^ikjJf ^Li^j ^..^liJj 

^J^ 0:4Jil JjjjJI L.ljSjLi:j Jj^ ^ jLi_a ^( J^^U .^^Vl Sjj^l jL^^Vl j^ LaU 

<iiJlj <^^j jl^lj <^^! ^\^^\ ^ ^u Jj, \jsJj\j ^LiJL Uu^}\ U.jJ,\ -.^ 
<UAl^ u^ ij^^ S^'-i^^^ <>^^' ^ f '-^^ *>' (*^' ^l^ ^^.>f-i1 u^ ^ilryuLill :>* jo^ jac 

U^i-A^ oL£j^( 6iA ,_^^ oj^l jJj *<^jVI <^^! ^ <^f^ <S^^ oio^l ^ ^c g-'-^ b 






1 ^ VVV 4lm (^ijj (jk^jkfc <ijt^^jdl Lj^^-JJLj La^-ij-o-ftll <^,>*il JjLJalt cjUd t^ <j Ij-aJa.1 

^rLa.311 <1LL] Lxoi jJbj tcJLi&Vi)) j«JjJ-allj jL>u«a^)>> j((6^i^ j^ <ja^i)) 

j«oLj-waJI» J ((objljj^l)) j«oLjIjJlJI» jwoLjLJI JjLu*!!)) j«<jU1 JaI^aI's j <^LxII 



/^ Q^:j>iiJb -W^^b -i>-iii ^ *j.?. ' mIj <jjiii a^ ji^i Jai5j.- ^Ao /r ^u^vi ^^^^^ (n) 

.NAo-NVV 



i *.U^I «4?» J «^jJ» J ftd^kw JUj tUjXA jJb V JLsJI J,L <]jSj *Jji^l J^ Jaju V ^-^M. 






LS^ isi^ u^^l^t l>^^b (ji^i^VL wij^t ^yiiLjJI (^^jil o-o.;:^ j>j o-a^l ^ >3Jll a^lj 
-jloij (^ <ji^ ,^l=w j^( jd*^ ij^Ji^ c»L* Uii (idjfc U JS <lt l^lj ^A^iU ^..>ift|l (5>aJjl 

4}jJ\ .Ja^ ]a:iii ^ ^j^ ,^,4^ ^ ^i oui:;^ c>^)j..i^l j^ ^ oS^ll dUa ^ oiLS ^1 

:^^-licVl JU.,<lll1» 



6Ulji>Y-l\. /Y^:jL^V(oUx?.Tr. -TYYA^LJV!U3o^ac*^,>^l^6^Uawl Jix^ (Y) 
^U^ J^U jiP^uiJ <^>a-lll (^ u^i) ^U43 >VY /Y SLcjJl i-^j m> /Y Sfj^l 

((TIT)) 



J^J:^ iJl <^J 1^ <Ux.^ U:!j ^IjUf 6lft ^J£. bU <iIa3^-^j j^ ^^L (^ ^3^1 <Mx. 

.«oL <1*3 ^j <ljjif pt^j Ajiji^ <Ijj1! .Jij^ ajlji^ <ijj]) ^.Ar ^^^j^JI CjlJI ^^ 

•^'J V^' <j-* f4-^Aa-fi .^ iSJ^ *^>^lj j-j:^! ^ ^AiJ ^j^uaa (^>aJjl ^_^ ^1 «( A. i ,t. 

dJh> :atji 6ju^^-u<i ^LiJf Lfi-LLj *^^^Ji>*•^' (5^ '-*^ -<JLi!il( ^ 2aaZ. , ^j] ^^Ij^ 

^jJ£. Oaa-a ^^^I CajjI Oij . JL^j-*-aJ! ^ « LLj La^-*-a1 » J .<(3" .till ^ J^^^ U^S jt.niA JxiJf 

p 'jf *Mj -Cajj 'n i ll j^ 6JX, Ju^tjj «CULil ojfl'iiiilj ^-lAj jjS jju jljJu ^-i <LolXa j;l$ Lul 4jV 
^^ (^>a^ jjj^ij jLaJf jj ^^^1 JLlLs jt^i ilflo ^jAT. Vj^Uj^-slJI L^ «-jL1i J ^.x^Ui. 

^ <Uicu ^ <U ^{5j ^ Laa I jj^j ^^^L jxy^ ^ << 'J'tJJW ct*-a j_j-lc Like « Ij^ir. » ^.ju-ooj « (j-aCj Ja^ 
Jx-ftJI ^LyZ jJ^ ^^jJaiJ L4J-a J^Ij tA., T . . .1 ^j.x^ ^Jt-ilil JisJI JI ^^jj ^^1^ ^1 jl^j .^^ ^^H 



.iO /\ ^U-c^l Icjla^^ (Y) 



iXiin 






.^ r\l 4i^ ^ ULi* j(^ Ji.j .i^^i^j^oUi^JLyu .<a^^^ 

^L^l 0- ^ J^ ^ ^^J a!^i 0^1 L^ jL^j ,^\jjj <LJii ^;^i^l cILUj .t^ij]j jl 

_>e^ *^ C^ SpI^L jj^.^ Uil iaiU .<u^L ^Ic :<G[lJa ^ ^^Ul JL5 *^ rv. <lu. »J^ 

J>J o^' J^J *ili .6ja.A:L* j^L ^ J^ .<|pjl ,j^ L^jL, ^Li ^^| j^ ol^LU ^ ^ 
^> ^ <i>^U 0.1 jL£ .j\ju^ J] ^ ^^^^ ^^ ^j^ ?;-. .^ ^ <r^| ^i^ j^ ^Lcj 

Uo/\^^U.VI^ (Y) 

/^ 5^>]| Aaiej .in -irr /n ^UtVi oUj^^ ^M ^i^ivi i^^ij \r c^j^\ ^ <i^^ (r) 

«Tlo» 



-.IL.^. ^1. . liA ^ iJijSJI <ClUJku*- JjCj <^J^Ij (X>-^I ':«^^' ^ ^^ ^■i^ '''•^' 
i'.....;j 4:11:^ USU iULi ^Vl jAi »!il ^Ij'l C^j •<-5--i' «c:^l» J ^1 -i>J «U.-JI.. 

f^.>\>-«.UI» j-iy^ U :Jfi oLi Sj^'j yr^J *-i-^' 'Lf? >^ "r*^" ^'^^^ «> "^ ^^■^' 

t^>« Oii^-eJi J>3j -«<ii ?-?» > -Mi» jH*" ^ -^^-^^ ^^ '=^-*^' ^^ '^^ sf^ •"'^' 

(.Ujl :;i>^ J4i» :Jli -Y^lJ'" t^ «-lj"'> fL^j" j',*^ f^ t?* C«>^'j *i>^:^" t^*^-* •"sf'^ 

<'U Ua.L Uoi 4J»j Uoi JoAll ji-U-jlj 
jSL^ ^ Ij04^lj (^L>ill ^ yjjll .J^i^:^ (^ ^<l^l oeJ" <5>»^' SUill j^ .V> 

Luii\ <jjji <e'j-i' ^j-J' ^ ^^j '"-^^j ^>^' '^ t"^' >^ ^•>^' ^-^ ^ 

^14 j.\^j:^l^ l>^ o:;^' s^ 61^ UiU .c5>>f 1 ^^^1 ji—^' ^ >-^' 



J ^XA L=^t <iij ^ i4Ji- ^ >^-i ^^ • ^ ' ^ '^^ ^^ '^'^' ^ ^'^^' '^ -^ ^^^ 






.rn 



<i^ Ja^ Jj ,^ A\r ^^) ^^1 ^2^1 3,5 ^^( ^l:; ^(^yi ^ 

.v-iJa-aj ^jjj ^^{j ^^aL-il J^j ^j «6A* v^ ^jl.^1 






.Y.r-Y.> W^f 
<a,iaL-aJl .^.yi^l ^^H-** ^ <*!1*J1 SU^Ij Xii/y SUjJ) <aJu^ . VA /£ Z\jJ\ aUI ^ (T) 

^N^V^aOlUUaj.Y^o-Y*! 
«T£V» 



<:^a^l ^ <^ ^Vi OL^J ^<^\1\ <ij^jji k^^ o-J-^j J^J ^1 JilUl ^ oUI^Ij 
«U-U ^jUVt ^jj ol^^i Li JjJj] jloij la*-ali «GLa jx«a ^^ ^^ j^ J-^j ,. a^^.^iH^ j^-Jl 

oU *«(^^^ U^' ^>-a^ C>*^4** *(5J ' ''-^ ^> tJ «J-<-aAll ^j-fc^» wil*-o t^x^ill ^>u^ 4jL£ 4jXo^I:1 






^U ^"^'^ -MA^,.:^! SL^^ . \Ki /Y SU^I <-jJbj Hi -INT /T ^UtVi oUij,>^ (N) 

«r£A), 



<u r j.^j (j^..&juLl A^L^Lj <_JjLjJI <ji^^Li j \ tr^'ij Jii" mijj > a'i.>-^ . Sj^ j'^^_t* ^Lii 



0) 






^Ll^ ^ >aJj| J>«aij oJiUiJIj Ja^j-i^ c'^^*^' :^*i^^ ^1 . 7 1 -vV I ^ ^>fe^ (N) 

/,_jjj^j ^^^^joJi iadaJU ^LaJLSk'ifi ^ ^^^a^' *-M>o) *r*^J 



J! cjj^li <JA.I j^V :JU <G£. JIa^ Lais tl^ t-il*il JIL a] <G( :Jji ^ ■->^' J «•< (^j^SIj o>U-ajiJl(j 
j^^ljj^UUJI J>jt ^^1 Jjl^ :<at J[ji» Jjl^^oll a^ji^ <Gl6>d^> .<IaJi^^^ijfr>\,jt3lj 

j-;p.u-illl ^.^ujjoi (^j . ^ji^j J.4-SLillj ^^^juujUII <ia<;U(j J- LlAjVIj *u>-i-i-^ v*^J c^jA^^l 

*'l-j> ^^A <iuii ^^j: «w:,^!» ^lssi il^ 6>ui l ^i iL^ aiucu ^j *^j1>lji 5-«uj^ 

Lf^ U^J 0:J'^* SU^i ^Ji*^ (;jV dljj LjIjjLJ) L^jjil *.lj( ^_^^ ^ <>ftj^'j ^j '--;*' OiJ^J 

^-lijlll pljVI jl o l'^lkr„rt> , U ,^>^XAi ^j^ ^jolrtt-^j Cj^jj^u:^ l^LS <]jjJI ■ ,Aj ,„,,, ^j^^ sU ^Llll 






♦*-■■■ 

. ji AN <l*4i ^^1 -A tA <l4^ ^ dij ^>.^j1^! ciM^ S^^ LU^xi. tjljjj )j^ Ulk. Lajj^ Jj^^ 
on.--^ <l>Ji ,>«^lj .-A NVT <lui o^UJL <] j-4>4i J:H^ J^ ^-^ Lf^ f^U ^^>^^ ^4 -* "^"^^^ 

n J ,.;^ ^U l^LLLo okua^ w^>iU U>Iil* jjL^ (^1 <J J^ I <Jj J I O^ U ^ .LA*I jt^a^^l 

u4U loj Jtii ^<ixx^j^3 IJk^ L4JI liUi^ ^^^.ulkVl I^A^I Jj ^x-cx^ Jj^ > v>^' ^^ 

<>ii ^ ^^js ^^ *jVji yj aAi ^^.i^ij^- Y^^ <i^ ^d^ii <iii x^^ .a--^ (^i -^ or^ 



«ToN» 



.<iilfj j'ij^l jAjJ\ Ij^ ji ^j^\ jjuu:^:^ ^ ij-^j^ >*b <iHj^^ <^W oejljjl oj-^ (^ail 
^ Jox^Ll^I -^^ i^o'tjii ^JLui ^^jaJI ^^1^^ jt jnl., ij jjjji LjJLt J*^ ^j) ^IUIm.Ij 
*.^^ i?>^* -^Jij^ d^j^ -H? ' Je>^' ^^ oe j^^ ^Ll -J6 \ * N <1l*i jA.l^\ ^1 ^ <JII ja4c 

^jxll ^ j^^j j^^l j^s^ ^L] ^j ,^^1 ^ ^jc,j cjjjuJi ^jLl4 I^j v>*^' tPl 3*>^* 

Lilllj^M^VI ^^.*iij.J^I 6JJ&^wJ>>Jf t> J^ JJjt J>1j ^^ I OjI d^ij^Vl 60^ 

f^JH^J VJ^' JfiiiLli.1 ^jIj *(^>xI( i^jjVLj <t-a>ltj <jl*: Ijij j^ljSlL i^Ull y ^jianj Ifji ^>*^^ 

^j-1 ^ ^jJd\ j^iU Jjbl Ja: ^I i^j] lift JS ij^l 6lft t^Lbk CJ^^ ci^La.JI £,>lSj t^^Vlj 
<JuaJt <^,>ab ^ Ci-%j ( ^ (j (^Uj l^ij SjLAjik L^Jj <4aij-6 I4J Ia\ ^I ^LkJI Ii:>lc SlLsk S^fj^ 

t-ftiJIj ^^jJL <jU*iL» VJ^' -*^ oj^ "mJ .^j^Vl oULftlll Qu jLi L4J ojSuj ^^ 4-Jic 



.o,i-r*i/>^:iL^vi^ (Y) 



rVaYi 






<:?Wb J^b <^^l <iil( j^l ^ -i^e u'^j -^j^ ^j 6^J >4i^Li ^ <aLoj Jai ^j 

t^' ^1 ^ y I^VI > ^>:j^43 c^j^j^l <^h^^J tj^j^' Uj^^ Cy^J^ -^^ ^b <^'j^ a? 

.^ Tot rf'i' If L-ioj -. . >Lq 






t^^^^Ht uijA^t JJrt-fcrtt^ 4JLit ^ AArk.4 ^1 -V 

jjkij (^j-^l JjJl *oLa,.Jl>-tttII J J Mifllj jA-i^lj ^jjJIj <^jJl]lj <Lill ^3^ f^l L>« u'^ 

.' * ^ ^ Ll dlljj ^1 <lJc mil J^Li <<U^ <U^Lo *lj .r>"iaj4 ^jjJI jL^I ^ jt ^j£> jl j-a^ <^ 

JUifi o'l.Tt ^j *<ia.L^ ^ 6jj :J[5SL* |h^ 4^la 6Jcl :JU Jjla !jU ^^ ^IjSl :<] J>Aai ^^^ilil 

- % 

.-A f * A <liai ^jj .d^ 4jJLoI i^l:x 

:^4ll -A 

:^^-v rt itill jLa^-vul Jj >U. » - K . i ji ft'ir ^1 JU (Cakj *J^^ u'^J *^J>^ yua.L-o J)l^ 






jyt c^j ^ ^lu^ ^1 aiu ^ i^uki^ j^( ^1 ^,^j>^ ji^ 

jaIjI Ui :JLi .^1 V :cJi Vj^l U ^alj U c^k ^j '^,^^:L^ J JLLi 
Oi^ U ^V aj cuUUli c^j r<.jjj\ dl^£j .J^l :j^( V.,:.., i ^ :,^Jii J^t.A>? 

•^r'ie^* Lh"^* tf>a^» 4iJt 0^ (^^ 4JL1I Jjfc -\r 

if ^^ t 



^>i^t a....^ U1 fjH dill iii^lj j^^lj v^ujJJIj <^^1 ^ jUllf pULdt > jt^ 



.n. -To^ ^ Yo«V -raV^ .Toy -Yo^ ^^\^ ^^^\ ^U^^i. (\) 



(M 



<j^j ^1111 ti^j P Uat Ij JiLu^ t ^ L(ji^ 1^ I t<^ J;^ Ij (^^JAM I 



«>,,Vi<^l i oJ,;-iil» ^LjSij < Jj K l] «g;ytll» ^Li^ iaiji. .dii aa.1 <AijLi aJ djJ Lo aJlUI j^ ^^j4JLilj 

^jlSij .<; 1^! ^.jj^ Aj <bj ij iM ^ti^ Uifl-^j <4-iiII (,_tj^ ^]^ ^Jr^Ai CM^iitll i^\ v^-J . ^J^^f f^'^ 

.6 JU45 <Uk ^_yk *^j Jj^ <Uj-*-o i-Jduj J>aI( J>a Jci <UI JLS ^L5 J\ jij)) -iS^^^ J^ .<iil( 
LI jj^Lsk a3 jj I nil J-Alj (jjJjjVI Jjbl J^ ^j ( nl I (jAjL^a-llI (jjl Ij-juJi-^ t>** ^ rl ^ ■% *Jtjj 
tJJj «-o jJfcj i«Ltll ^3^ Ui JrfM Jyi ijL^J < IjJaJ Ja^Ij ,j^La^l ^^1 ^ ^1 <jl jJ-a-CjiJ ta-uiL^l 

^ijjaJLuil ^^ <jLi. ijlSij <>a1 JS jj-fiJ 'aA ij^ i^J-ob <<.i^l ^-J^ ^La^iiili ^ ljt>-al <-i4jj»Jlj >illl 

/ J 1 ^ o ^ 






t^^Mt-=»^ c^^jd^ ^'^'Jl^l 0*^^^ «alll)) J Jllil ^^j «^LJh 

-v^.^..^)) : \jliS ^j^] ^!i^ ^^ «Jkiu J*i» ^L=.j» :4]jJ 5-jJuV) ^ <^lj| ^j ,j^\j ...^\\ \j 

J^ 4il I J[>S <l«j . jU (jl « V^ Jt^ju JL)) J .<lUc ^ I j! «JLti» ^ .j2Iil I j) « J^xju JL» :Jlii 
j^t cj>aj oU iSJ^» :*.fjVI 61* jSla OAj (^jjj^t JU .jliwil Ijl «Vjjc JuAj JL» :JLLj 

14^ jAi(^jiVljj-t^x«CA:»<A5lj^^f ^jl ^jjjafj,<k. Ijj^lj^l jijiSjLUi ^ (aa.l\jl 

^ Ua^ Vj cuj2j oU.Vt Sk oit^ C>y4^f CM Ci^iUJI AOA jlj <yj5lj J^-^l J^>u^l ^^1 l^l* 
jijjIjj^sJl ^ Uj ■ » Vj^jiaJI JSiiSj^ L^OJJ^J3(Jc)^f-^LiIlJ4«JUVlJC^>^Vl^ 
^^j-iVI (^fl <j>^' oLluIjJ! ojjbjjU -jh ETA lluijju ^iJ^I^) Jjlo j ^^ ^ ^ l^jUa^l 

.(TV> -TV, cju^illlj c^u^l oUJ-) <--UJl j^42 ^j oUJ ^Js 4JA (^) 
.(TV> -TV.)Qu^|jCjSi>=^'^^<^>^ U^ 4a^U oxaJj oUK yh^ ^Ift (Y) 

.r<.LuiJi (r) 

.rv\ -rn>ceo>iiJljcj^d>^'c.u^ J^J (i) 



|Ji a^Ia LAjILIj ^^i J.X.t^^)j i<-fljLMll f^Laif. (j& ^ cSLO-^' VJ-^' f^^J <lduJi ^ i^^ili 

^^^hj ^^jj ^^\ L^(j^f J^LuJlI ^_^^^Ij jI^I ^LuI iji Ijijj^oifc La ^>^ j j ^ " (^^ 

A^ ^Sa.JJ t^k^Lfl JaLjJwa <2jLuJlf ^jifc A^ljili'i ml A^IaJ) tjJbj ^Luiljoll 6JJb Ci><ui ^iij iji^JjI 

^.jLj^ ^-uij jjJc Jj iQ^II J\ \ ■ M j^ j^LJI qu JiUlij tjjjJLlKj J fl Mil l jLit-a i jl o%1 j jj-iill 
>fl l^j LftjJLajuj <i^LaM fci ljt>^j ^>^j45 ^.>^^ <jUc (^Lj^L ljlk.1 3| <jijLa1I j^ JLJI 

(^Ul JjSi <Ua^l g^ljj <j;>e:^«-" ^^ «j_>uli» ^ a"jjj L)*^'>* Jl J^^J ^jb:'" * i^ ^J 

«J-c^Ib ^LiS ^jj i>jl ^ t^JL)-?^t 1j^ U-J *J*^' c^>*-*i'' t^^ ui^ ft^xMl (^ j^aOJI !jj»^ 



.NV\^^ULia (N) 

.^v^-^•v^^>=^ULiuJ^; (y) 

.NA'V-NAA/lSlj^UUI (t) 

TTv -Yn /Y sM 4jb, r\f\ -rvA /i si^^i ^ui ( e) 

«ToA» 



k 



■.fUuA Oe( J15 .Oi^l a»»ill a»j JUL <5j^l ii«J| ^ (ik* ^1 J^ill jLutlj .'"„c-ii 

JUj., :^^ja.JI JU «iL^j iL^ JJ=j j^jit» :j:>^ CAxx,^JI J^ Oli^l jljHI _;^i^ ^ . iL.I I 
. Ulk. UJ^I Yi„ ^ aJ»*JI (^jUu.1 j.a^j "\,4^_Pj oWI .jUiLu, olj-Vl iLjliit ,>^ 
"'..,iL^ ^ Vj j>^ ^ ^ 5L^1 UL.L^ o^ a5J>i <fjl-illj ^ ^U„ : jLl.^1 JLi 

jxi L>.^i. ^1 »l>u< ^U^l ^ £.jUJLl J^i ^ ii^yi „^1„^j^ ^^«*5j '"'...i.jUIl 



• A. /> ^^>-iVI j^ (\) 

.i^^/r.^^\^^ (y) 

.r. /£(jju)j^ij<j)j^ (r) 

.Al/l(jJU)j^l^lj^ (0) 

. J«JI ^Jkt ^ ^L^l iuiU (A) 

NAi /Y (jJL-) j^lj^l j^j ^ j^l (V) 



(ta'V, 



.^ijlil ^ Ijj^l js>^ ^t^*^' jUk.1 4_>uL*i1 4;,i£j 






k 



^. ♦♦i^ 



^j j^ U l^la Jj^J\ IdA O-c^ji <c>:il* ^Ijaj oU.UJ 6j-uaJI ^ jj^klll ^kk Lj*i 
UaiJ) Ui^ ^J^£L ,^0 TtM.f l JjLwj ^-^(j nii^-^ l ^^iLLii.! ^ il^yiLJLI tlAJL-J ^JoJ) Jj-^V) (_^l 

f ^' (^ SjjI^I >fcl^l LLSLl* ^ o-U ol^U. l^lti ^ < jjjjJI <\l\ v^lo^ Sp)^ ait ^(j 

o' (Ji O^J^^ i> J;,^' '•iA f^^^^\ S^jtl^ ^ixll ^_^lal{ «lj.A"t5j La ^,iMi-%t iaUIV! jjMifllj 
Lo djJ^ Lo-a k-fljoa. jl olj^j^ ^ Lfk. ^Ijj La jl I ^j \r >JAjj Lo ^>JjIjJ ^-Sj^I /^ r-*j' ■'*" 

'— > ■ ' ' 17^1 <UA-uJa 6Li- u J oLbuJ LaJfj ^^j **" * j\ d ■^, . ^i ^ 1 .Vt"t ^j >Cl ^ a ^J^^ &JJb 1 • »'" aJj .^ '"j'-^ 

oL^iiLUj ^>^ t>» *Lj_fl jjjj Loj (^jJLUI ^>iKtl jl ^^^^IjJalt ,^^jjJI t-ijt^ < " r j "i tnl Lo 
O^f Jf^ LfljU! ^Uk Ji^ Ulj <<^tJi2JI ^^1 ^ ^t^l jL^Lill jl^^x^Ullt ^\M\ 

U Jl I^^IiiJt Uj <<LJiJj j-«-jJI <jljj ^^1 \jkj,L^\j <<-*fSij <jiljS oLuIjOi UjJ-wa-eu JjljtJjiVI 

jjo jj^^l Ij-ft ^^ L^-4^jLLo IjjijI jL^JLilj «.*Aj ^j-« Sj-.-tfxJ) ^^ <j_jauJI oLwIj^f *Li1I ciLaj 

^tj^il <*] l^jJj ^jl^l Jl l^i^jAi L^j^ J^ l j» , „ o i. ,j$^^.MaJI Jl U-tL^j J^>fl c>"J^I 
<Jj-*^lj <GjLj ^j < n J l j.ahji( ^^j ^^j^Lsi^j ^ I J I n ^ ^^[>Lua^ <ij^l J| IjaLtj tf^ ffN inali 
tJjLi oUuj iSJj^ jLftjuil ^ A ^**'ij * ^ 6jaSkj Lj A^LoA^ ^ <UJ1 6jJLAf Lj <ILui^|j ^ 7 ^ *< nj 



<nN) 



601^ JX.Ij2 IjIj Lojlj pIajjuII 0^ JJC I^Ia (>^ ^J tl^UjjboJI ? ii iji ) ^ CxSbjib SJliJ^ j^Ij^ 
fl^j '^Jfi^J <*JiJJ5^ Ixj muff l>ia^ J ol ^,>^ *U*i-iSl A-duftj j4-A-aAJ jt^lj * LuuLS ,jjjjj^aJ\ 

' ,0 

1^3: jj ji>klj ^Jfl t^ l-^j Lf^j^' >^' ij-*-ujui1 t^jjll a>e4^' SLxaII tjLS Uj 

jj^j pISj Jji <lI Lj f^Uoluutj JjJlI! tfJ J^ (^jla> jl*i«J 4^ 4^>a-il* a"J^' 0**^^ LT^ l^ lnjmn 

iSJ-^ a"J^ S^^ ''^'^ i>=*^ ^'^ C*ij-t ^jA\ ^>i3j5 <A>AJJ ji^^j^duxjl 6j[(jla ^ili ^J-»^' 
IjlOxl^lj <S^j (^jUI >:aJI l^^^jilj J^l Jl ^ jJlS JJt jUiU 5jillj 6^jC U^ aJ% 

^ontl Ji^l ^^^uLa^ 6jL>*^£k j-a <4ijt (^jJI ^^j:xjl\ (^^t <i.^ ;> J^U j_^ ^Ij jj^M^j^^ 
l^^j «C^j!jijJf )> -J l>A-«* SUJ Uu-oja. pVjjfc Jc L^ *ji^wa^j (jjt%J L^^*b C^>*^* j^\ 

. Lftflu L**ijJ a1 C$^^* ^^ fj^l J^ LaAJ:*.) 

.«<j>s^i p 1^1 L^jJ^» <Llu*jX6 cu-Ax*ij «<a>Allij <j>ikJI Lfltiill ^(>:^ .<ajl^l iiUai fjjS^ 
<Jd jji. ^^ c>^* ^^1 l^^ ^J^ fJj **^'*^ '>*" ^-^ Lf^ ^ Cf^ ^:?^ ^^i*^ ^^'^^b*^ '^^ *^^^ 
l^l^ljj ^ j.^xi oii^ ^1 hy^\ ^>^l j^f <--^^ oixi 14^ ^t>Ut aIa ^ ijJjiJ! 
^2^^^.,^:^ SUJ jjjL ^> i^^t ^' t> 6J^J *J^1 !-* cf^ oLuiIja i> ^JUj <ii*^ t^j 



^1 Jtj .^Lii^j . (>jij ^usii :u.itL k^ ^^1 ^, j^^ ^ ^_^ i^, ^^^^ 

5UJI J*i. UjJI olSi Lilj L*:i^ > <*,U ^ ^ <i^ i^lj. ^^Vl ^ ^Uj 

:^ t L.^ Q^oivi :^ j^i ^1 ^i_^i .^^^^ _^^^ 31^, _^^_j. , ^, ^_^^, 

,>-ill oLSj ..^>llj j^^l jLki! ^ ^^y^i ^^^1 35,_^ ^ ,^^^^,^ ^^^1 ^^, ^ 
',S^i o-jjJI U-1-- ^ iSV- u^ is^i yAj^l .>^l j.^ a>i--i» Jlxi. Jl ^i^i; 

,iat^l Ui .Cjy^JJl Qo ^Liy ^aiVI ^ L^UJj^j ,|^|j ^L^i ^^ ^Q^ ^_^, 

o^ ^j^i j^\ jL^lj ^^^1 _^| Ui,j L^i 6jljii«lj j^l ^joS. jl^ ^ ^,^1 

ll^j 4i^j 4_ljj 4J( l^j^li ^^^^ ^t:s2l ^ Ou^-JaiVI d^j3 .^^i^lj jljJu 

. le« tf>a^l O^J-iJI jlJJ-lj C.Jl.1 ijilj ijj^ 

Soilj ji <L^1 iy^ i^ljj Lfci ^ ^j Jo^vi ^^;3^| ^jj, ^_^ ^ ^t^i L.I 

L^l Ijjij j^AII SU:JI .ji^ \^ ^j jij <*^^j <a^jfiji)j5 i^jl <iL£j| ^1 i^i^^^v 



(r-\r,, 



^( l^Uj l^^^l IjJiiSj ^^1 oLLu ^_^ ljLiiJ^>x.SLa^l^jt£ Uilj^LlI liA<I-Uj> 

*^.^AA aJ^j^ qJ.al^ aLmII 

<^ j^Vl Jj] «ui oul: jAi *^LiJlj 4>Jlj jU^I i> VU jxaa.1 ^_^^t ^>II ^j^SJ 

i^^^j C^'j-A^'j C.^i-*'-*^b OttJ-'^^ U^ [ >-< -, ft ..>, » , fl <ia.jll (^ ^j «nr JUi-j LfjLaJ c>^ 

o>u£lj ^:^Lju*^(j t^j-*i( ^Ladl ijlJL Q\j ^^Lawj SLaJI oiLa^j oji^ aii I^^j^Ij 



«ni; 






.^ N^V^ -^ \rA*\ 



.s^lili -<i:i^f <juisJ( .s^j\5j5 oaa^ .Aofiill 6jiji -&jjL^acj <jLp.^3j». i2>e' ~^ 

-JjVl ^"v^Ull (^jII ^LUII o^ ^^p^JLi .J .(^jjJl >=^i SLoJj ^^jJI j>-V( ^l -"V 

.^\*\M ^^ \rAl S^Ull c^IjVIjO^^I 4^LJ 

._A \rYV S^liil -^^-usLo <.^ <xi^ .^^^ Ja£.U^I ^llill 

<*JJI jSLi, j.^ j^l JoS^ ^^lyi ^jiVI (>.>6^» .|.K::>.VI J>^l ^ ^ll^V( -\t 

.^ \riVS>^LiJ!.^^jVl 



cno) 



<4jjj-aJll yl^fl jlj <<jjJLafe J>^ t^ni-^ll <ill Jjc ^1 .AjjSJI ijij^^ ijM tjjMi (IjJJ^lS *-t(jcl —X • 

t 

■ <^^l 'f^'je' J-^' Ji^ A/\n^ n I (j ilr <Jij-u>l <iaJ .j^L^-i-u-aVI ^j-iif ^1 '.^^LiVI -XT 
Ai n ..t jj fl -n't *<1jVI jJL j-a f^>ii" (^jt-AiVl CiLSj-JI ^1 .i-jlj-t^l Jj-A. jjjft i-»l>c.Vi -XI 
<A^l ao-mU XftA.ft J.Aa.1 .J 3ji->1 .^Jajj-wJI ^Jl J^ i^^^l J>ua1 ^ ^^ J^I^VI -Xo 

4-4ui«i>II (jJjVl <*_ikll .ai>A ^>UalI X4C- jji-^l .^^U.3J1 ^liJI ^1 .j^U^jfl JLftI -X^ 

.S^UII -<^UiJl 4La:JI <eej*^' 

^ * • ■• * •» »» *•• * ■y 



iT^ls 



^Jlifall jb .4^^ ^jLi i>-*a. JjlaJ .^^-UijUII \j^^^\ .^.wAtll ^LAjVI -V 



,^ NAl^ .\ 



% 



Oj>-AJ —^ is» .JjLJl) ^j^'-^ -^ 3:j-3_aJj .^^La.^!! aujuLSlI jA .>ja^l JJt ^ r-LuCLiVI 



r\ 



.^ N^AT -_A ^r^r 



,^ ^^^o-^^^l -^ WAX s^iiiLN L.^i^i 

.^ NAA. -^ \TA. *^ \MA-^ \riV6>fclil(.^^lj<^jllljaJtll( 
.SjJkLail .^_iu-o (^j-fc*» ji^j^jif <A^)'j-« O'*^ (j^J^ '^w^*^' ^*^' ^(j1 rwjCi —IN 

.SjjbUll .0U3II i^j-u^ jA3k1 .^jdJI (^jVI ^jjli; ~£i 

.aA^W -^ NT1*\ SjU.nfl <juk« .j^jV) j,>,.o/^ <jLtk .(^jljiJI <-jAkaJI .jljAj ^^b -lA 



,A ^^£^ *^jj*i 'ij^ vj^^ (Ji5-^9 ^^^ f^S^ — i^ 

.^N*<^*\ -A ^T1^ jlai^.N L.^^IJI <ia,<aj^i <iill ^^^ji^ -0. 

.^N^oo A^iill . N ]a ijij^jji Cj^ "■^ •J <,A^j]i tuilL ■^.tl':;-^. J-^'1 .^jjjj^f j^iJI ^j^ — o ^ 

SjLl^O'i I Uni ,..;... <la Oti^j (Ho) J (H.) ^ 0' ^^) J (•"" "^^) J 0* ^'^) 

.^ \TTA jj^flt 

, J .14-aa.jjj I ^1 rt^^ i2Mj MM tut I ^j^ixJ CiVL5-o .<j-o>LujV( SjLAiaJl ^^ ^Ujji ^)>ill — ol 

.a\Mo <^^f 4^Afll( jlj — T L .(^jJJ 4lh*ah^l ^ 

J4IJS j^c^a^ jxia^ .dJU J>JaJjJ! JLi^<lli J-a^^I .J-^-aliii Jo-ftSaj J^tjJll Jjfl I 111 -oV 

.^ \^^A -^ NTAA S^UJI .ol^^ 

NVAO jidij t^UJI oJa-a .jl^ ^ju^jj!^ 3ji->"t .^^La^l jix3. ^1 .^jaOll ^^ <a.UI|I -oA 

,^ N^\o -^ 

.-A ^x^A 



.^ \^*\V OJt^ -ijj^-a .4j^^x-3jJ( LlllII .Ji^ 

.^ \rv- s^tiii .(^j^^i jj^ -v^ 

.^tLuJI ^(>( jiji .^jbtll Sj^b -AN 

.<jji^( <AAkl) .4^^UiVl ^jUIl Sjjlj -AX 

.^ \^A. JjjLx -jlk*il c)fV' ^ *-^j .^-uVl ^ <jjiJJI oLuuljoll -AT 

-^ \ro . jU jJo^ . N L ^>llu^) jjjJI yl^ ,<i6(il( <:UI JjLcl ^^ <l*l^l jjjit -Ao 



NT'V'V AjjfclSlI , \ JU .^.Jjr.A ^^>^ jt^^-^J' jji-^" ,^_^jiJi pL-smj ^2>eV •^'-=*^' cf^ ^^' "■^^ 
juc ^jJ! ^^Aja^ o^a^ i:*J^^ -Jf^ J>e tlti^' *=U^ -^^ 6^' ^* cF^ J:?^ il>^' C^ ~^^ 

.^ N^vr--A NT^r jioij 



^JJr^ ^isJj^^ jtXiJI Xii J-«^1 .J .^^^^1 ^till J^^l <jL^ Jli^ aljuu^^^jt^j -\ * 1 

.^ \^^y -^ ntav «^ \^ni 

.^ N^'M -^ WAT oj^ ,^jMj^\ ^^iUinn 

.^ \<\oV --A NtVl ojue *j-*^ j''^ --i*— 6^' oUaL -\ * ^ 
.^ N^N^' oj^^;;^ ^ j^j'M $jjuZJ .^^pJkilkll acLuQ .^Vl oliuia -\ \ * 

.^jil ^ujJLo j^Lii jn^ .. o jj-Mkx jjfl ^"^ . ^^o? fc l l A^lfau j2>^ .u^n .cl^^jLwJ! J[^a»i cilSiL — \ N T 

.^ N*\ol -^ \TVT S>hliJI .N L .^1^1 
.^ N^oA"^ NTVVS^till.c^^l x^l .^!^VI^-\\o 

..jlllji.iJtall <iaJ .^^j^jiVl <jj J-ix; J^L ^Ji^all J-wa^l ^jJI ^If-ii .Jj^l JiltW -\ NV 

.^ NMVS^Ull .^Ijo^l^l a^^.d.<iiJI^ -WA 
.^ VAAX -^ N T^^ S^LllI .itn.^l ^1 ^1 .^LkVi oLixL ^ pUV! j^ - \ N ^ 

. N Ja .^^j-uljljuuai.^ ^ jji-^" .(JjJaII^^ O^"^^ (jnoiti .pl^l oLSjJa ^ <jl^l <jLc —AT* 

.^ ^^TT -^ NToT .^ N*\TT -^ \To\ 
«TVN» 



.A \^0V — _4 NTVl JjlfcftJ .T la .^UiVI Ja*juj *^>i^l J(>*-a1 ^^ — 

-_a \TAA aljJu .j-A*JI wjLLi j-^lj^.! .j JxiaJ ,(_>«La^l j-LslajA .«-iLuj.Vlj jJaSlI -- 

.^ ^^vA 

.A N^oV S^lSlI tX Ja jrit-^ jjn^H Joe i^IL^j I^HjL -<jja^f jcljSJ! — 
.-. N^TV -_A NTol ,^ ^^r■\ -_A Woo .N L .cljL* 

.A ^^A. --A N£- * Sjjbiui 

S^ij) A NAM J-uojlL M^ -J?*-* >.i<.i^ tj.n„^jlfll .^lilj^^l <iJ[ll j^ (^ ^jO ' t i H OuJII - 

.{^^.u:^ J LvftA , t l 0^ L^lSjjiaj l^JjLo <j>a^f JcljiJI jjc 
^JcVl t>t*iaJLl .<clj5 Jj n-^n ^dA 3f^^ •£'^3^' j^^^-^' J^) ^J-"^ ^ '-^-i ^>*^ '"^ ~ 

.^ \^v^ --A Nt'w s^uJLv*j'^buL^'<e^J 



(TVt, 



XT 
Yl 

to 

X"\ 

rv 

tA 

r. 

TT 

rr 
r£ 

To 
X'X 

rv 

VA 
IN 



•ojj^ ^%J\ s^ j;ii^ -yr^^i^l iU^( 6e u^jil aj^ f—liil je^ ..UkJf ^U^ -Mr 

.^ \ WA -^ \nA J^Vi okil "O^Vf ja*JI .^jjVliu^l <iJI( ^^.o^ ^ -Mo 
J^i^ ^ J. 0«-i^ C^l jfK U^ C^^b <::^*- l>ili :il>^ 

.^ ^'\^^-6 wa^ .^ 
.jjjj .<LAiJ) /^i .j,ijj(^i:is^,..-fi»iu ~Mv 

.^ N'\"VA,^>...a^^^LJ)^|j,.ai^^^.j.<^ -MA 

\rAA ^^..^^ ^^UII jh . j^l :^.^J1 a^ . J .U,^>I4j l^uLi <i^l 6,^1 <^^j« -\ 1 1 

.^N^IA-^ - 

.A ^^oo 
.-A \rrA 

J^Aill J.I ju.^ UX^ .^) ^^1 ^ ^ ^1^1 j^ ^_^, ^^ .^^^j^^^i ^1^ _ ^ v 

.^N^ol S^Ull .Ajjhijjl 
.^\^oASj^(il(-r L.Jx«JI Oj*. j^jJI ^^^1^ -^-^ j;^-"^ -\j'- --'^ v^iJ' ^jry^ -Aol 

^i j-^L^j^^i ^u A^l<ii^.i>vh;Jioe^i j:iU.^ -\oo 

L .j..^:uu ^jUil jlj . j^Vl ^oJI ^p^b .J .<ii^jlilj Ijiojflj ^Ul ^H^-iJ' jjLa^ -Nov 



irvT) 



.{jjb3Vf .L) .|i.N*\'\» S^Ull .wililll jlj<xika .4ai.tSx. ojjS jHii=»:i .Ljl5^2>e' '^jUil -\A\ 
>„„4injj ,^ ft-h J o-\l jiS-ikJ .J[jVI *=>aJl *#lj-i]I jljj (3^ f. I -^1 J Li^^j jjI .jjlj.SII ^Uua — N^VT 

■A WVX ^l:iU] <^UJI <^^>uiall <lj^l >^,i».clj (^jytM ^jLj^^^Ai^ 
-N is N ^) ':-jj*^j ^ (^.ft.^il ^J-*^ v(v^^'^' ^>*-* t^l v^j^' jLfc^j!) #:LjVI ■i-% t r — \"\ 1 

JjLii! tj^Lo 3ji -^"^ .^jL-AJV) A.Lijb ^ ^jl\ JLo-a. .wujLcVI ^_»l£ ^^ v^' l*"^*-* ""^"^"^ 
.^\A'\£ -_A\tA£ ^jJjVl huU\ .JA*J .^UiV! j;ijuai <A^(j-oj<lll o-M^ ^yk. j^^A^j - 
S^Ul) .^jJ^l ^Ul ^",t jU. . JjVl A -> tUfl .^^llxJt ^j)-l„^j^( ,^>JI^LLi-o -N'W 

.^NTAA -«A M"Ao 

.Cijj^ .^^ji ^-^n jjOlA. ^ i>a^^' Jot .jijjiL ^1 <-a4AA -NV* 



(TVi,, 



Jj\ If^ {<^jj^) ^ U,j^.^cy^ <L>LLc <.i^^,|^| Uj^jj,] .jjjuJ.\j jt>u.=^l -VVY 
-JJ^ is^-^ 3f-i^ .(^oiVJ j^L^ ^1 .dlJLc ^f %ili ^ ^>tlll ^ ^illLxJJ 54I* - \ vr 

'ijiJ^^ 4_fAi*i' f-^1 oUjaLo 

.^N^^r -^ NTAr s^ui) ^j^ ^^ ^1 .s^mi^ ^^^^ j^ ^ j^i^i ^^^, _^y^ 



.^^^o^ 



.^ \^VA -^ \r\A dkii J^Vi joxif .^jjVi <ae>J( <iiJi j..^ <i^ 

NVVl S^UII .OulJI<^I^LL^yi j-o^^l-Sl^f^^i j^yGjj^lSL^-NAT 
<^-Ja^ ^L^( j..^^ ^ ^c;^..^.^ 'iSjy^^ U?^' cH— ^ -^-^l oU)^) ^ ,^,_^) -NAT 

o?-^' (j:^=>-^ ^^-^^-^ J:^a^ -c^^^^ ^i^^^-^ Oe ^J^' *Vf^jJ' o^aiVI ^>^^ ^ ,^1 ^ -N A"V 



.^\^\\ 



:(VVO,) 



.A^^'^^ -_a wan jjjLwAj ^11*1.311^ jb ^>*^ 



«rv"\j 



■«tl 



a^iall MiiitJI 



r 


• 


« 


fkfOij 


V 


aj^aJiJH ^jijlt 


V 


^UdUl 


\T 


^jj[,^UJH 


M 


^^.MdUAjA 


TY 


^b 




J^^u^l 




S>^l^i^iiu}tMiail 


TO 


S^^l 4lu J^yi .itaolt 


to 


»j--« 


"f^ 


If^ <iW\ Ji\j» 


YA 


^laJi ,1^1 ■ill 


YA 


(^jxaJI J)iii->II ijol^ 


Y5 


«Llac jjj Jj^ljijula-* 


Y^ 


^_yjlj1-%lllll wJjI |JiiI> ft 


Y^ 


<Laijui ^ jLa^ tjiiU 


r« 


Jijil 


r> 


SLwill Jiljlj^ULii 


r\ 


^j»H ja^l <Jl— 1 



«TW« 



T\ 


, . luijjji 


rr 


A \Vi M iiiw ' 


n 


<UjlujU1I 


TO 


C^j^ai Ci^i^Uf i> J'jSVl 6iA aj ^> 


TA 




i» 


^^^zioiUUiij 


!• 


<A-aJ JLta.jjj r*^*jSLII ijljSlI ^-^ 


i\ 


6^jJ.ujijj6jljSl 


i'y 


^IjcVI ioAi <LSi 


iT 


^UtVI JUAi-LU: 


ii 


* ■■■ . .... 


i^ 


a^^Vlj.! 


o« 


^^^a^l SUiJ ^{ giljJt 


o« 


^jJijiljJI 


6* 


^rln-t^VI^UI 


o\ 


^1^1 ^Ul 


«^ 


SU^I cPljl 


^r 


t>«*-^' 'i^ 'J^^ Oi LT?^ .^»-*^Lc- ^ jo-a: 


«Y 


jjSVI ojA^ .J^iiJI o**i*^ C>i ^^^^ •>>* ^' 


«Y 


^1 Cm jA£^ ot<^j^ .^j^\^] j^j^LLc 


or 


.(^-^1 ^1 C,(UaikuiS ^jjl .J^aJf (^ -V-)^ 


oy 


.^ijJiu^jA .<^>H j:^Aj .<:i^fjl JA^ 


oy 


.:Wi :,.i 


or 


^^j,,^^) jU-^l ^1 ^ <lj( Joe 


o^ 


i>^' j^aeLr*-*^^ 


0^ 


p:iUit ^ JL^at^l 


^\ 


^T^r^P^ ^ ^^ 


^o 


JJiJI jit^5:ijJl ji>laj 



(TVA) 



A' 















Hi 

AA 

^ * • 









(rv^) 



ur ^Lj^ 









>AY ;^UJ.I 



TA- 






"(xr 






Y^^ (^,^*-ajj I ^ all <ait 



111 ^^t^^jjjjj' 



0*' 






.rA^: 



TT« 
Yto 
TYV 

ttv 

YrY 

YYY 
YYT 

Yrv 

YrA 

Yi» 

Yn 

Yto 
Yio 
YtA 
Y«* 

Y^^ 

Yo\ 
Y«l 
Yoi 
Yoi 
TOO 



Ami ^ ^^ * 

C.U,[.U.r.ll 
Jjtn"! Ij Jj J^jl Ij .nji nil 1 1 

JVj:l.uVI 

<5jila ^;i>^ JjLuj-o ^ji ^J*J^ 



(TAY) 






YdA 

y^y 
YnA 

YVY 

Yvr 

YVt 
YVl 
YVo 
YVl 

Yvn 

YW 

YW 

YW 

YVA 

YV^ 

YV^ 

YA» 

YAr 

YAo 

YAn 

YAA 



j^^^xj, jyi j^\ :JjVl *i«ijil 



oil' 



iXAX^ 



t\. iff^-H^ 



Y^ 



<gL^ 






JJ*III 



«rAi» 



rr* 4_jxiiLiii ikii 

nt ^^ 

ft* *>*^ 

YT^ 4aLjJt jot <£xVl pliil 



C^>1 Cillu {^ >^l :«£»itl» itkMll 

kTAOb 



nr 


,S}=^\^j/\ 


TiT 


<^l>' 


V£« 


MjjJU-jjjl 


ttv 


SU^JI dL 


riv 


^j^\ OijII j: d 


ny 


Utft J^l 


Yi\ 


._^UJ)^I 


TiA 


iJ^tif' 


TiA 


ciJL:>.i 


Ti\ 




ro\ 


^^*- 


tor 


^L^^IJ^tjl 


roT 


.^^t J^ jj f^'^' 'l^^* ^*^ ^1>^ i->^^ 


ror 


.^1 0^ jJilf je' 


tor 


•^ji>^ 6e* -Jr^^^^ie^ 


roi 


.J>mjVI ^_^1 ^jJ dAii.l 


r«i 


•cp^' Jj^^-^ 


roi 


.wA^iULI Jft*> n jj] 


roi 


.^^j^l^l uiLa. 


ro0 


. jAi*]) .^_^juAaJl J^ ^^^ 


YH 


.^^1 .^_^i^i .jIo^i :^i .j*i*ji 


r«n 


.6fi5l»6ef 


Yo^ 


f^^5^ 


Y^^ 




n» 


« 


rw 








.TAAi 



^ jjji dAUl (^iuia ^ BJuM ^:A4£ {U , Ci\^ ^j,M>- J^llil (^.^dlLJl slwijU . 

s wf\ y^it j^ o'jAji ^js;j' s?^**^ «^ *j^' J ■?' ^^-^-^^ ^^'^^ *-'^*^ • 

.WHO J^jUllpi 
, AjUJ>4j <Gj^-« , jjjil . ZLj^flfcJl ^jtJii . uiij^l >Jj-jJl ^JLsJU EbO^S^l 

t 

jt j^l j:i|^j^ ^ ^UsbJI . jUJt (4lc tj oW-^' - Jj-i* jl*^' Ji*-^ J f*^*^'