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.A 



n 044985 

Alpha Xi Delta 

of the 

Alpha Xi Delta Sorority 




NOVtMBLR, 1907 



1 XI Helta 



neTer published title page ajid index and 
ofet if vol. 5-6 will ever be indexed. 



laher, 

January 1912. 



lis 



r*« /'•^^ 



PUBLIC LIBRARY ' ^' ^ 



544985 



ATT'^. » f'^x *Nn 



u 




Official Organ of the Alpha Xi Delta Sorority 



Edited and Published by Eta Chapter, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 
Office of Publication, 716 Irvinj? Avenue, Syracuse, New York 



NOVEMBER FEBRUARY MAY AUGUST 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Ftovodcn of Alpha Xi Delta 



F r a t e r nity Directory 



... 2 

... 2 

... n 

... 4 



CoiiTmtion •.. 

bstallation of Mn Chapter 

Gttlf of Mexico 

Unlveraity of Washini;ton 

HaaiaEaathe"Co.edB"8ecIt 

Kaiipa Alpha Theta 

I— tallation of Nu Chapter 

A lioncdosve from Lombard 

BaahinySons ,.::... 

Sdatire Efficiency of Benclactionfi in LHr^re and SirjHi Ct>Ilrvc5 

Day Coucn ...'.T. ■.....'. ./ 

Ctaaptcn of Fratemitiea 

■dltoriala 



CbApter Lcttcn... 



.> 

1 1 
12 

14 

10 

\H 
20 

?1 

2A 
26 
29 

r.2. 53. S4 



.*.: « - 



• . . • .» ■ 



Subscription Price : $1.00 per year, payable in advance 



Alpha XI DelU Is published In November. February. May an J August hv the Alpha Xi [>tflta Sorority. 

Alpha Xi Delta will be sent to all subscribers until nrier<-d diSLontinued and arrearatres paid, as 
raqnircidby law. 

Exchanges are requested to send one copy to each nf the foilowint;: Martha HutLhinj^s. fil 2 
Bear Street. Syracuse. N. Y. : Persis Hannah. JS3 Oakland Street, Medtnrd. Masr^. ; Mrs. J. R. Lich. 
1271 West Washington Street. Sprin8:field. 111. and Mar>' E. Kay. 45129 Br^ioklvn Avenue. N. E.. 
Seattle. Wash. 

all communications to the Editor- in- Chief. Martha HuTi.HrNris. Syracuse. N. Y. 



SYRACUSE. N. Y. ; 
F. M. Grover. Printer and Binder. 

IQ07. 



THE NEW YORK j //^^/TV fTj^ 

PUBLIC LIBRARY | *"' T 




r»- r 



Official Organ of the Alpha Xi Delta Sorority 



Edited and Published by Eta Chapter, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 
Office of Publication, 716 Irving Avenue, Syracuse, New York 



NOVEMBER FEBRUARY MAY AUGUST 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



FMmden of Alpha Xi Delta 



Fajfe 
... 2 



Pmtemity DircctotT 8 

lOVIICCBlCllta 4 

CooTcntloii 5 

laatallatlon of Mn Chapter 9 

Gvlf of Mexico n 

UaiTenlty of Washing; ton 12 

«• the "Co-ed»" Sec It 14- 

KaiipA Alpha Theta Ifi 

iMtallatlon of Nn Chapter 18 

A lioncdosiie from Lombard 20 

««W»IP8«»« ^.;,;/.^^...:....^..;...^.,. .._?i. 

SdatlTC Bfficiency of Benclactions in Largre and SnTJa^iC Cbllcy^cs ..* .-.t...*....?.^ ,* ;^2t 



Day Council :.'... .."...-. f....:*:..*..* !}* 

Chapten of Fraternities -.V.;...;:.'.t........a.^-.j.... 26 

Bditocuos K:'i..;::\.^.. .=: 26 

■kdanscs '...:.t.:. :...-: 29 

" - . --^ . , • * • 3 • _ • 

itf '.....*.*5i. 53, 54. 



Sabscription Price : $I.OO per Y^ar, payable in adxxince 



Aiptm Xi DelU is published In November. February. May and August by the Alpha Xi Delta Sorority. 

AI^mXI Delta will be sent to all subscribers until orJerod discontinued and arrearages paid, as 
raqoifcd by law. 

Eachanges are requested to send one copy to each of the followint;: Martha Hutchin|{:s. ff12 
Bmt Street. Syracuse. N. V. ; Persis Hannah. 63 Oakland Street, Medford, Mass. ; Mrs. J. R. Lieb. 
1371 West Washington Street. Sprinfrfield. III., and Mary E. Kay. 4629 Brooklyn Avenue. N. E.. 
t.Wash. 

all communications to the Editor-in-Chief. Martha Hutchings. Syracuse. N. Y. 



SYRACUSE. N. Y. : 
R. M. GROVER. Printer and Binder. 

IQ07. 



%'% 



. V >» 



FOUNDERS OF ALPHA XI DI 

Lombard Caliege, Gaiesbarg, IB,, April ly, I8g3 

Hattie McCullum-Gossow (Mrs. C. W. E.) Wichi 

•Frances Cheney 

Albiira Cheney Sayl 

Lucy W. Gilmer Q 

Eliza Curtis Everton (Mrs. J. L.) Hoop 

Bertha Cook-Evans (Mrs. Orrin C.) . . Beechei 
Maud Foster . 700 E. Fourteenth St., Minneapo 
Louie Strong Taylor (Mrs. E. A.) Park Ci 

Cora Bollinger-Block (Mrs. Louis) 

1416 Rock Island St., Davei 
Alice Bartlett-Brunbr (Mrs. Murray T.) 

203 Fifth St., Ai 

•1 



CHAPTERS OF ALPHA XI DI 



►,i4/^447ALo^fe«f-gi2^1ege . 
.'-Bc^^*^Iowa*WesTeya'n University 
Gammk-Hk: Uiiion College 



Delta^Biit\ft\T^^ Ccdlege 
Bpml^it^^nwxi9T^ of South Dakota 
2eta— Wittenberg College . 
Eta — Syracuse University, 
TAeta— University of Wisconsin 
Iota — University of West Virginia . 
Kappa — University of Illinois . 
jLamftda— Tufts College 
Ma— University of Minnesota . 
iVtt— University of Washington 

Alliance Alumnae 

Aft. Pleasant Alumnae 

Boston Alumnae .... 



Gale? 

Mt. Plei 

. Al 

Bethan 

Vermillioi 

Sprit 

Syrac 

Madj 

Morgantow 

. Cham] 

Bost< 

Minneapo 

. Seat! 

. A] 

Mt. Plej 

Bost 



THE FRATERNITY DIRECTORY 

GRAND OFFICERS OF ALPHA XI DELTA 

President— El,i.a Boston-Leib (Mrs. J. R.), Alpha, 

1271 W. Washington street, Springfield, 111. 

Vice-President— Bertha G. Cleveland, Eta, Waterloo, N. Y. 

Secneta/y— Mary Emily Kay, Gamma, 

. 4529 Brooklyn avenue, N. E., Seattle, Wash. 

Treasurer— EIA.BK Ball, Beta, . Mt. Pleasant la. 

Historian— CiLARA Salmer, Epsilon, . . Vermillion, S. Dak. 

Btf/tor— Martha Hutchings, Eta, .... 

512 Bear street, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Secretary of the Fifth Inter-Sorority Conference— ^o^niA^E Hol- 

COMB, Chi Omega, Carnall Hall, University of Arkansas, 

Fayetteville, Ark. 

EDITORIAL STAFF 

Editor-in-Cbiei 
Martha Hutchings, 512 Bear street, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Associate Editor 
Persis Hannah, Tufts College, Boston, Mass. 

Business Manager 
Dora G. Lockwood, Portville,N. Y. 

Assistant Business Manager 
Gertrude E. Wright, Great Neck, L. I. 

CHAPTER CORRESPONDENTS 

A7pZia— Mabel Hendel Galesburg, 111. 

Beta— I/OUisE Brady, .... Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Gamma— Ethel Montgomery, 1674 S.Union Ave., Alliance,©. 
De/ta— Bertha Kleeberger, . Bethany, W. Va. 

Eps/You— Margaret Miller, . Vermillion, South Dak. 

2eta— Clara H. Dornblaser, 521 Linden St., Springfield, O. 
Eta — Margaret A. Hoard, . East Syracuse, N. Y. 

Theta — Winifred Ryan, . 401 Murray St., Madison, Wis. 
/ota-CRYSTAL Courtney, 723 N. Front St. Morgantown, W. Va. 
liTappa— Grace Spencer, 716 S. Second St., Champaign, 111. 
Lamfcda— Gertrude C. Johnson, 

..217 College Ave., Tufts College, Boston. Mass. 
Afa— Mary Shiely, 412 Louis St., St. Paul, Minn. 

Ml— Olive L. Mueller, 5524 16th Ave., N. E., Seattle, Wash. 
i4/Zrai2cei4/i/mna?— Mary Taylor, .... Alliance,©. 
Aft. P/easa/itA/umiias-LouiSESiNGER-M AIKEN, Mt. Pleasant la. 
Boston Alumnse—Rvrn Sibley, Art Building, 

Wellesley College,Mass. 



ALPHA XI DELTA SORORITY 

ANNOUNCES THE INSTALLATION OF 

MU CHAPTER 



kT TM( 



UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA 
MAY TWENTY-FOURTH. NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SEVEN 



ANO 



NU CHAPTER 



AT TMC 



UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON 
MAY THIRTY-FIRST, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SEVEN 



\*^ 



rt 



THE CONVENTION 

Alpha Xi Delta's fourth biennial convention has come and 
gone. Those of us who were so fortunate as to be there have 
inspiration for many a clay to come, and our only regret is that 
every Alpha sister could not have been with us in Morgantown 
for those three glad days, October 31, November 1 and 2. 

We had expected cordial sisterly greetings from our host- 
esses, Delta and Iota chapters, but we were delightfully and 
genuinely surprised by the atmosphere of welcome which per- 
vaded the entire university and city. Not to mention words 
of greeting upon banners in the store windows, nor the Mor- 
gantown daily paper which made the whole city ours in its head- 
line, ** Whose are We? Alpha Xi,*' we remember especially the 
kindly welcome extended to us at our first business session by the 
president of Iota chapter, by Dr. Purinton. the president of the 
University of West Virginia, and by Mr. Lucas, the Mayor of 
Morgantown. Dr. Purinton has made a special study of 
American College Fraternities, and he expressed to us his ap- 
proval and appreciation of them, together with that of most 
other college presidents who are in touch with actual fraternity 
life. 

Dr. Purinton's appreciation of our sorority was shown more 
particularly by the opening of his spacious house on the even- 
ing of this first day of the convention for a Pan Hellenic recep- 
tion given in honor of Alpha Xi Delta. The entire house was 
beautifully decorated and the arrangement of the gold and dou- 
ble blue in the assembly room on the third floor of the house 
was especially attractive. Members of the faculty, and of the 
fi-aternities, and other sororities of the college were present, 
and all joined in extending to Alpha Xi Delta a true Southern 
welcome. Oneis seldom privileged to attend a reception where 
such genuine cordiality pervades the entire company. 

Friday and Saturday of convention week we gave our time 
mostly to fraternity business. These sessions were of course 
the really essential and important part of our meeting together, 



^A. 



6 ALPHA XI DELTA 

but with them the chapter delegates will make every Alpha Xi 
Delta familiar. Here we must speak rather of other enjoy- 
ments that crowded these busy days. 

Friday afternoon, after adjournment, the delegates visited in 
a body the Woman's Hall, the university campus, and several 
of the fraternity houses. A true **Pan Hellenic" spirit wel- 
comed the Alpha Xi Deltas into the several chapter houses, in 
each of which songs and yells were heartily given by hosts and 
guests alike. Early Friday evening at the new Kappa Alpha 
house, which had been given over to the use of Alpha Xi for the 
entire week by its prospective occupants. Iota Chapter exem- 
plified in an impressive manner our present ritual. After this, 
all Alphas hastened to the Hotel Madera where was held the 
convention banquet. 

Following the elaborate repast which had fceen there pre- 
pared for us. Sister Bertha Jane Smith of Iota chapter, as toast 
mistress, took charge of the following programme: 

SYMPOSIA 
Symposiarch, .... Bertha Jane Smith, Iota 

'* Our thoughts are linked by many a hidden chain; 
Awake but one and lo! what myriads rise." 

Alpha Xi Delta Founders, Helen Marshall, Delta 

"Moved by thy impulse, we shall feel 
New longings for thy high ideal." 

Alpha Builders, .... Mildred Brady, Beta 

"Build to day then, strong and sure, 
With a firm and ample base." 

The Future, . . Clara Hill Dornblaser, Zetai 

" Everywhere a voice of prophecy upon the breeze." 

The Tri-Colored Standard, . Louise Erb, Theta 

** In this fair field their standard proud display." 

ALUMNiE, .... Elsie Jones, Alliance Alumnae 

"When I fan the living embers 
On the hearthstone of my heart." 

Alpha Xi Delta— Where is it ? What is it ? 

Why is it? Mary E. Shiely, Afu 

"Live pure, speak truth, right wrong, 
Else wherefore bom." 



THE CONVENTION T 

Initiations, Myrtle Coker, Kappa 

'* No proposition Euclid wrote, 

No formulae the text books know." 

The Mystery Revealed, Daisy Bartlett, Boston Alumnsd 

** What I can ne'er express 
Yet cannot all conceal." 

Our Girls, Mrs. J. W. Leonard, Iota Patroness 

** The love that follows us is of times our trouble." 

New AcgiTisiTiONs, Lorena Grange, Epsilon 

"The rosebud is in this more interesting than the rose: 
Its greatest possibilities are yet to be discovered." 

Saturday afternoon, following the adjournment of the final 
session of the convention, Mrs. J. H. Cox entertained at an in- 
formal tea, given in Alpha Xi Delta's honor to the sororities of 
the university. From five till eight the same evening, the Alpha 
girls enjoyed a dinner dance, given for them by several of the 
fraternities. Then immediately following this, the last enter- 
tainment of the week was a reception at the beautiful home 
of Dean Hogg, given by Mrs. Hogg, Mrs. Atkeson, and Mrs. 
Leonard, all patronesses of Iota chapter. This proved to be 
in many ways **the best of the wine," for we had just ourselves 
here, and we had by this time found that the girls from every 
chapter had the same ideals and the same sweet spirit as the 
girls in our own chapter homes. As we stood together, and 
sang again for the last time some of our own songs, each of us 
felt with our loved founder, Frances Cheney, that verily 

** Strong are the ties that bind us." 

It was hard indeed to say good night for the last time, and 
realize that our convention was done. But we felt we had had 
together a high privilege, and that our duty was to turn home- 
ward and share as best we might our own uplift with the faith- 
ful and devoted Alphas in each chapter. 

A word more is needed to express appreciation of our host- 
esses. Other friends welcomed us with flowers, and songs, and 
words, and kept our committee on courtesies the busiest com- 
mittee of the convention. But we all understand that it was 
the girls of Delta and Iota chapters who had been for months 



8 ALPHA XI DELTA 

planning and thinking so carefally for us that our comfort 
while with them was perfect. They seemed to have thought of 
everything,— flowers and decorations, orchestras, luncheons, 
favors, and every imaginable courtesy at every possible time. 
Best of all, lota's girls had so been true to our high principles 
and ideals that we heard for them only words of commenda- 
tion. We appreciate fully that the cordial welcome extended 
to the visiting Alphas would have been impossible unless Iota 
had already won for Alpha Xi Delta a large place in the respect 
of the college world in Morgantown. Delta and Iota were, in 
short, ideal hostesses, and the Sorority as a whole is deeply 
indebted to them for their splendid entertainment of the 1907 

convention. 

Eta 




. H.^ 



1 

I.- . 




Laura Bern 



CHARTER MEMBERS OF Mil CHM>Tt.«. 









Diilly Ht-ndriLkta 






t:HAHIFR .MEMHi:H.S OK Mil CllAPl T. 






**■ 



L. - 



INSTALLATION OF MU CHAPTER AT 
THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA 



It is always a pleasure to be the bearer of good news even 
though the message be so unusually pleasing that an ordinary 
vocabulary falls short of an accurate and true description. 
Those who saw the excellent printed petition presented b^' the 
Lambda Beta society of the University of Minnesota some time 
ago will not be surprised when we say that our new Mu chapter 
is one of the strongest ever placed by Alpha Xi Delta, and that 
a most important addition has been made to her chapter roll. 

On the morning of May twenty-fourth the Grand President 
accompanied by the Grand Secretary reached Minneapolis 
where a number of the Alphas-elect were gathered at the depot 
to greet the travelers. That afternoon at the home of Mary 
Helson, *07, the initiation took place, and nineteen splendid 
girls joined the wearers of the quill. Just at the conclusion of 
the ceremony a box of pink carnations came from Alpha Phi 
and a note of congratulation from Pi Beta Phi. Needless to 
say, these greetings from sister sororities were most gratifying 
to the girls. 

That evening an elaborate banquet was held at the Donald- 
son Tea Rooms. One of the smaller private dining rooms was 
used and the twenty-one guests were seated at a large circular 
table. The decorations of the room and table were so beauti- 
ful that they deserve more than passing mention. In the center 
of the table was an immense bouquet of Alpha roses, while at 
each plate white and pink roses, the gift of the Alpha Tau 
Omega fraternity, were placed in addition to a pink candle. 
Across one side of the room a white lattice work had been con- 
structed over which pink roses had been placed, and above the 
chandelier suspended over the table was a large canopy almost 
covered with pink roses. 



10 ALPHA XI DELTA 

The menu follows : 

Potage aux Tomates, Ci^me Fouet^e 
Batons Sal^ Celerie Radii 



Filet de Boeuf aux Champignons 

Boulettes de Ponune de Terre 
Sorbet k I'ananas Tomate k V 

Olives Petits Pains 



Salade de Fruit 
Sandwiches de pain aiix noix 



Cr^me glace^ aiix f raises 

Petits gateaiix 
Cafe Noir Petits Biscuits 

At the conclusion of this part of the banquet, Mary Shiely 
as toast-mistress called for the following toasts : 

Mu, Myrtle Jones 

Roasted Lambs, Olga Halvorson 

Alpha Xi Delta Clara L. Beck 

Impromptus, .... Mrs. Leib and Mary Kay 

The following afternoon and evening Helen Spink entertained 
the girls and some university men at her beautiful summer home 
at White Bear Lake, where boating and a delightful picnic sup- 
per made the situation complete. 

The next day two business sessions were held, the university 
visited and a lengthy automobile trip made through the two 
cities. In the evening a reception at the home of Mrs. Pollock, 
one of Mu's patronesses, gave the visitors an opportunity of 
meeting a number of the university and city friends of the girls. 
A musical program was rendered during the evening. 

This chapter is made up of earnest, attractive young women 
who understand and are fully capable of successfully conduct- 
ing the work of a national sorority. A house has been leased 
and the girls are beginning the history of Mu under the most 
auspicious conditions. They meet as rivals strong chapters of 
Kappa Kappa Gamma, Delta Gamma, Kappa Alpha Theta, 
Alpha Phi, Pi Beta Phi, and Delta Delta Delta, but of these 
Delta Gamma is the only sorority occupying a chapter house. 

Given a beautiful and well-equipped university, a strong and 
enthusiastic chapter, and the conclusion must be — success. 



THE GULF OF MEXICO 



DAY 

Uneasy, restless, hurrying toward the shore 
The long monotony rolls, wave on wave. 
And, forward, onward sweeping, seems to crave 
Release from winds that scourge and evermore 
Compel it, breathless, up the yellow floor 
Encircling wide the gulf. Yet birds may brave 
In mocking sport its angry spray, and lave 
Within the waters that, impotent, roar. 

'Tis like the striving of a living soul 
That seeks a cherished end, but in its quest 
Is thwarted wheresoe'er it turn. The sway 
Of forces far beyond its weak control 
Now urge it on, now drive it back : no rest 
The unseen power will grant — it must obey. 

NIGHT 

The gulf is calm ; no more, unceasingly 

It moans ; the wave no longer dashes white 

Upon the sand, for now the peace of night 

Comes down to spread her wings o'er all the sea. 

The air with gentle breath makes stir and flee, 

Before its touch, a host of ripples light. 

No bird's a-wing. The moon rides high, and bright 

Her qui V 'ring lance of gold sends, far and free. 

The moon, the night, the calm, untroubled wave 

Serene and quiet after storm of day, 

Are as the presence of a noble mind 

That, having toiled in vain, could still out-brave 

All petty, nagging cares, and from the fray 

Come forth, unharmed, at peace with all mankind. 

Marion E, Ryan, Thcta, '06 



THE UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON 



The University of Washington was founded in the year 1862. 
It was located on a piece of land ten acres in area, which now 
is in the heart of Seattle, and could boast of but one building, 
excepting the president's cottage and two inferior dormitories. 
For several years the work of the University did not rank much 
above that of an academy. The first class to be graduated 
consisted of one young lady. During the later ^-^ears of the 
territorial period of the State of Washington and the first years 
of her statehood, the old quarters of the University became 
very crowded. In 1893 the State legislature provided a new 
site and sufficient money to build structures of permanent 
character and adequate to the needs of a growing institution. 
On September 4, 1895, the University was opened in the new 
buildings and since then its progress has kept pace with the 
rapid development of the common- wealth. 

The new grounds contain three hundred and fifty-five acres, all 
within the city limits of Seattle, having a shore line of over one 
mile on Lake Washington and about a quarter of a mile on Lake 
Union. A large part of these grounds is still very nearly in its 
native state and the paths and roads winding about in these 
woods are ver^' beautiful. Standing on the University campus 
one may see the Olympic Mountains, rising to the left, the Cas- 
cade Range on the east, with Mt. Rainier, 15,000 feet in height, 
to the south and Mt. Baker to the north. All before one is a 
beautiful panorama of mountains, lakes and forests. 

The buildings are arranged on an ellipse whose major axis is 
1,200 feet and whose minor axis is 650 feet long. There are 
eight buildings — the Administration building, Science hall, con- 
taining the State museum, an observatory, assay shop, gym- 
nasia, two dormitories and a chemistry building. 

The faculty numbers eighty-two members, representing the 
College of Liberal Arts, Collegeof Engineering, School of Mines, 
School of Pharmacy and the School of Law. These depart- 



THE UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON 



13 



men ts confer the degrees of A. M., A. B., C. E., E. E., M. E., LL. B., 
Ph. G., and Normal. This year 1 ,197 students are enrolled. 

In 1909. the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition will be held 
here. Part of the University grounds will be used as a site for 
the Exposition. When the fair was first discussed, the Board 
of Regents offered this site, with the provision that all of the 
buildings and improvements to be put here should be made per- 
manent. The site was accepted under those conditions, and at 
the close of the Exposition all of the buildings will belong to 
the University, to be used by them. At the last State legislature 
$1,000,000 was appropriated for permanent buildings and im- 
provements. 

This is a new country, a new city, and a new University. 
The increase in the population of this State has been marvelous 
during the last few years, and the University, as all other insti- 
tutions, has been taxed to its utmost to keep pace with this in- 
crease. A firm foundation has been laid for a great college. 
With the added facilities which the University is so soon to ac- 
quire, all loyal Washingtonians feel certain that she will soon 
be the great University of the Northwest. 

Olive Mueller 




HAZING AS THE " CO-EDS " SEE IT 



**Conie, wake up, they're ha2dng/' is an accustomed mid- 
night greeting at the dormitory. A scampering of bare feet is 
heard, there is a wild rush to the closet, a hurried grab for 
wraps, a stubbed toe, a stifled groan, a suppressed giggle, and 
an informal bolt to the front windows. There, a shivering 
mass of eager bodies is already assembled, some piled in drifts 
on a peaked radiator, several standing on one foot on a single 
delicate chair, others trying to keep their balance on the tops 
and sides of neighboring desks, bureaus, or tea tables. Through 
the windows which are pushed up to the highest extent, there 
project wooly masses of black heads, tow heads, fiizzy heads, 
and red heads. 

The innocent voice of an unsophisticated freshman, asking 
what it all means, is heard amidst the sound of falling ink- 
bottles, broken mirrors, or, worse than all, the crumpling and 
tearing of a prolix theme, on which many a weary hour has 
been spent. Someone falls occasionally from her lofty pinacle, 
a unanimous ** Sh ! " follows, loud enough to stir the entombed. 
This is accompanied by general smothered groans and snick- 
erings. 

Outside, there are riotous harangues loud enough to over- 
whelm all commotions overhead. The loud tooting of an auto- 
mobile horn is heard, and by the combined aid of the headlight 
of that vehicle, and an electric light, hundreds of black figures 
can be discerned, moving around in a wiggling, howling mass. 

** Number four and six come forward," the ponderous voice 
of a dominating sophomore is saying. 

'*Aye, aye, sir," respond the quivering freshmen. 

A boxing match ensues between the blindfolded combatants 
who from time to time are chastized for lassitude. A square- 
shouldered sport, dressed in female attire, is delivering a heated 
discourse on coeducation, until his tongue ties itself up in a 
hard knot, and he is whacked with barrel staves, and com- 
pelled to do something of a more strenuous nature. 

A general sing ensues, including solos and duets. Such dis- 



HAZING AS THE ''CO-EDS'' SEE IT 15 

heartening, doleful tones float upward as would cause a Bee- 
thoven to die of brain-fever. 

•'Don't shake so, Bess, you'll discombobulate the whole 
phalanx," one fair coed will whisper to her neighbor, who is 
almost swallowing her handkerchief in her endeavors to sup- 
press hearty laughter. 

"What did you come to college for?" demands the big 
sophomore below, ** to benefit yourself or the college? " 

** Myself," responded a quivering freshman. 

"You selfish, narrow-headed idiot. Get down there and 
scramble like an egg." 

*• What did you come to college for ? " is put to a second vic- 
tim. 

Fearing similar treatment, he replies, " To benefit the col- 
lege." 

"Stuck up dandy, get up on the top of that post, quick, 
hang by your heels, and bark like a tree." 

"Aye, aye, sir, I will," is the response, which is almost 
drowned by a whacking and banging sound. 

Meanwhile, on the lawn, accompanied by the whistling of 
" Yankee Doodle," there is a skirt dance, which displays a volum- 
inous array of imaginary petticoats and ruflles. The sound of 
splashing waters can almost be heard as the freshmen stomach 
the waves of an angry sea. In the dusty road, others, with hands 
tied behind their backs, wind their way along like lanky snakes 
after a sought for toad. 

But alas for the assembled spectators overhead! Their 
stage-whispers and mufiled giggles reach the ears of those out- 
side. Forthwith, declarations of love are made in Romeo-Juliet 
style, to the fair damsels. Suddenly the search-light on the au- 
tomobile is jerked upward toward the " dorm" windows. The 
testudo of bushy heads disappears in riotous disorder, 'midst 
dreadful squeelings and wailings, as though some disgraceful 
gun-powder plot had been laid bare. 

The remainder of the peformance is witnessed through cracks 
in the curtains, from behind screens and sashes, until the last 
strains of "Merrily we bowl along" disappear down the 
"row," and the riotous band adjourns to find someone else to 
entertain or annoy. 

Elsie M, Chandler^ Lambda 



KAPPA ALPHA THETA 

Kappa Alpha Theta was the first society of women founded 
under a Greek name and which had principles and methods like 
those of the Greek-letter fraternities. Although Pi Beta Phi 
was really founded in 1867 it did not become a college sorority 
with a Greek name until 1888. Kappa Alpha Theta was or- 
ganized in 1870 at UePauw University in Indiana. 

Until 1883 the government of Kappa Alpha Theta was in 
the hands of the Alpha chapter, but at that time it was vested 
in a grand chapter composed of one member from each college 
chapter, with Alpha as the permanent head of the order. In 
1891 the legislative and judicial powers were vested in the 
biennial convention ; and the Grand Council, composed of the 
officers of the convention, administers the affairs of the frater- 
nity until the next convention assembles. In 1893thefratemity 
was divided into districts, and certain powers of legislation 
were granted to each one. 

The magazine is the ** Kappa Alpha Theta'' which is pub- 
lished quarterly. Five times the fraternity has published a 
catalogue under the editorship of different chapters. A song- 
book has been published in 1884, 1890 and 1902. 

The badge is of gold and is kite-shaped. On a background 
of black is a chevron of white on which arc displayed the Greek 
letters K A 0. Above the letters are two diamond stars and 
below are the letters ** a w o." The colors are black and gold, 
and the flower, the black-and-gold pansy. 

In 1905 there were ninety-three members of F^hi Beta Kappa 
in the fraternity and six hundred and twenty following profes- 
sions. 

Following is a list of the chapters : 

ALPHA DISTRICT. 

« 

Iota— Cornell University. 
Lambda— University of Vermont. 
Sigma— Toronto University. 
Chi— Syracuse University. 



KAPPA ALPHA THBTA 11 

Alpha Beta — Swarthtnore College. 

Alpha Delta — Woman's College of Baltimore. 

Alpha Epsilon — Brown University. 

Alpha Zeta— Barnard College. 

Alpha Kappa — Adelphi, Brooklyn. 

Gamma Alumnae — New York. 

Eta Alumnae — Burlington, Vt. 

Nu Alumnae — Syracuse, N. Y. 

BETA DISTRICT. 

Alpha — DePauw University. 

Beta — Indiana State University. 

Gamma — Butler College. 

Epsilon — Wooster University. 

Eta — University of Michigan. 

Mu — Allegheny College. 

Pi — Albion College. 

Alpha Gamma — Ohio State University. 

Alpha Eta — Vanderbilt University. 

Alpha Alumnae — Greencastle, Ind. 

Epsilon Alumnae — Columbus, Ohio. 

2Jeta Alumnae — Indianapolis, Ind. 

Mu Alumnat— Cleveland, Ohio. 

Kappa Alumnae — Pittsburg, Pa. 

Lambda Alumnae — Athens, Ohio. 

DELTA DISTRICT. 

Delta — ^University of Illinois. 
Kappa — University of Kansas. 
Rho — University of Nebraska. 
Tau — ^Northwestern University. 
Upsilon — University of Minnesota. 
Psi — University of Wisconsin. 
Alpha Theta— University of Texas. 
Alpha Iota — Washington University. 
Beta Alumnae — Minneapolis, Minn. 
Delta Alumnae— Chicago, 111. 
Xi Alumnae — Kansas City, Mo. 

GAMMA DISTRICT. 

Phi — Stanford University. 
Omega— University of California. 
Iota Alumnae — Los Angeles, Calif. 



THE INSTALLATION OF NU CHAPTER 



Chapter Nu, installed at Washington University, Friday, 
May 31st, is the first chapter of Alpha Xi Delta to be located 
on the Pacific Coast. With its promising future, no better field 
in which to branch out could have been chosen by our sorority. 
The University of Washington has long since **niade good " as 
a university, and as a representative chapter of Alpha Xi Delta 
Nu will do likewise. 

Previous to the installation, Nu was known as the Sigma 
Alpha Sigma Society, having existed since 1905 with the inten- 
tion of applying for a national charter. Application was made 
to Alpha Xi Delta in the form of a most admirable and highly 
satisfactory petition submitted in the spring of this year, fol- 
lowed by the personal recommendation of Bessie Underwood, 
Theta, a senior in the University. It is not an exaggeration to 
say that Sigma Alpha Sigma more than stood the test of these 
recommendations, for Nu Chapter is made up of young women 
having an unusually high standard of scholarship and character. 
Very enthusiastic and congenial to a marked degree, they promise 
to be a splendid chapter. 

Three of the Installation Committee — Louise Singer-Maiken, 
Beta, of Spokane, Mabel Spry, Beta, of Seattle, and Bessie 
Underwood, Theta, of the University, met in Seattle, Thursday 
p. M., May 30th. A sudden illness having interfered with the 
arrival of Maud Maiken, Beta, of Los Angeles, plans were re- 
arranged and completed. 

Nothing was left undone on the part of Nu to make the in- 
stallation a success socially. Beginning with a dinner by Miss 
Pearl Gilkey on Thursday, plans for a delightful "round of festiv- 
ities" were unfolded. The same evening Mrs. Thomas Burke 
gave an informal reception at her lovely home to the prospective 
Alphas, their patronesses and visitors. Prior to the installation 
Friday, Miss Magdalene Willimann entertained at luncheon. 
An artistic and appropriate scheme for the decorations was 
furnished by combining the ** Madame Alfred Carrier" rose of 
Sigma Alpha Sigma and the Pink rose of Alpha Xi Delta. 




iirl Cilliei- Avn 

CHARTER MEMHF.RS OK Nl' CHAPTKR 






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<:HARrt:R mmmhkrs of nh ch.wvv.r 





Mjrl,.n S(.-]>ii,-i.l<T 






TEH MI-MIIHHS OF Nl^ CHAPll-R 



THE INSTALLATION OF NU CHAPTER 19 

At the beautifal home of Mrs. A . S. Kerry on Highland drive, 
fifteen earnest young women were initiated into the mysteries 
of Alpha Xi Delta. At the conclusion of the long ceremony 
Mrs. Kerry, assisted by Mrs. Burke, served refreshments. An 
elaborate banquet at the Savoy Hotel followed by an excellent 
toast program concluded a memorable day. 

The greater part of Saturday was taken up with the celebra- 
tion of two events of more than common interest to the stu- 
dents of Washington University and Seattle in general. In the 
morning occurred the annual regatta between Washington Uni- 
versity and Leland Stanford, resulting in a victory for Wash- 
ington. Saturday afternoon the exercises attending the formal 
"ground breaking" for the Alaska- Yukon-Pacific Exposition 
were held on the University grounds. The noted speaker of the 
day was the Honorable John Barret of Washington, D. C, 
Director of the Bureau of American Republics. 

Following a dinner at the home of Olive Mueller, Alpha 
affairs were again taken up Saturday evening, in the form of a 
lengthy business meeting. 

Monday A. m., Honorable J. Barret addressed the students 
of the University at their assembly meeting, and to those pres- 
ent it was gratifying to hear a most favorable opinion of Wash- 
ington University and its future. The same morning the visitors 
iwrere escorted over the grounds. As these grounds cover more 
than three hundred acres, for the most part a wonderful forest 
on Lake Washington, it was impossible to follow more than a 
few of the beautiful paths leading in all directions. 

Chapter Nu is especially favored in having as patronesses 
Mrs. Thomas Burke, Mrs. A. S. Kerry and the following wives 
of faculty members: Mrs. Edmund S. Meany, Mrs. F. W. Meis- 
nest and Mrs. Wm. Savery. 

At the conclusion of a short business meeting Monday after- 
noon at the home of Myrtle Parr, Nu became a full-fledged chap- 
ter of Alpha Xi Delta with the following members : Magdalene 
Willimann, Marion Schneider, Pearl Gilkey, Elsie Waddingham, 
Myrtle Parr, Frances Sanborn, May Chambers, Lela Parker, 
Mary Smith, Olive Mueller, Lillian Esary, Margaret Harris, 
Ava Young, Hazel Estes and Ethel Latham. 

Louise Singer- MaikeUf Beta 



A MONOLOGUE FROM LOMBARD 



Heavens and Earth ! Here it is ten minutes till eight and 
I'm not dressed yet. I haven't even got my shoes laced! I 
didn't know it was that late. O, there goes that shoe lace! 
Gee, but I'd like to swear. Throw me one out of the corner of 
that drawer, quick. — No, the dresser drawer. Here I'll get it 
myself. Well, I cant stop to lace these things. Do you suppose 
anyone will notice if I just tie the strings around my ankle? 
It's a good thing I washed my neck last night. Where is that 
comb? I cant find it, guess I'll u^ yours. I cant do a thing 
with my hair this morning. I'll bet I never wash it again for a 
year. That's it, I've knocked all ray hairpins oflFon the floor. 
Goodness, I meant to read over the rest of that German before 
I went to class. Well, if it don't beat everything how my hair 
looks. I'll have to skip chapel; I can't face everybody looking 
like this. Where in creation's that white waist of mine? I 
know I hung it right up here. Well of all things, it's down on 
the closet floor. There goes the first bell ! Ach Himmel ! I've 
got this thing hooked wrong, come help me for goodness sake. 
You don't need to hook all the hooks, I'll wear my jacket dur- 
ing class. Hand me my skirt. There's a hook fastened in my 
hair! Just look at my hair! I'll be disgraced for life if I go 
over there looking like this. Say, you hunt for my German 
book, wont you? I'll bet I haven't got a clean handkerchief. 
It's a little green book. No, not that. Thank Heavens, here's 
my note-book. That book right under the red one. Now 
where on earth's my jacket ? I can't stop for rubbers If I catch 
my death of cold. Look at my hair! Hand me that book 
quick. I'll drop half these things before I get over there. O, 
say, has the last bell rung yet? Maybe I'll make it if I run. 
Good bye. M. J. H, 



RUSHING SONG 



Air— ''A Son of a Gondolier'' 

Come join your hearts and hands with us, 

And sing our merry song 
Of all the jolly Alpha girls 

And love that keeps them strong. 
We're loyal to old '' Charlie's Light" 

To our gold and double blue, 
If you want the best that Tufts can give 

'Twill be our friendship true. 

Chorus: — We're just one link in a chain of love 

That goes from sea to sea. 
An Alpha has a thousand friends 

Throughout this wide countre^. 
Our rose it is a talisman 

Our quill a golden key 
And to our loyal sisterhood 

Gives **open sesame." 

For we're friends today and friends for aye, 

We're staunch through smiles and tears, 
We're friends to you ; we're friends most true 

Throughout the coming years. 
Alpha is first of our royal three — 

Then here's your health with Xi 
And Delta crowns that trio fair 

Our own Sorority. 

Amy Viola Richards, Lambda 



THE RELATIVE EFnCIENCY OF BENE- 
FACTIONS IN LARGE AND SMALL 

COLLEGES 



By President Alicon Gunnison of St. Lawrence Unirerslty 
in the New York Evening Post. 

Shall the rich man give to great colleges or to small ones? 
The answer I would give is emphatically **To the smaller 
colleges." 

The great universities are aiming to work for specialists. 
Their ambition is to do post-graduate work ; and it used to be 
said of one of our highest institutions that the professors re- 
garded the entrance of students as an intrusion, an interruption 
of what they were pleased to call their ** original researches." 
They have teachers of renown, costly equipment — they are im- 
patient of undergraduate work — and they consequently serve 
the few rather than the many ; exceptional rather than common 
men. This is university work. It is incomparable; but it is 
costly, and the machinery' of production should be furnished, 
and will be, by the few who are charmed with the exceptional 
products. There will be someone who will give the twenty- 
thousand-dollar machine which is in one of our Eastern uni- 
versities, for some intricate work of only experimental value; 
someone will surely provide for the professorship at one of the 
salt-water colleges, which the first year had one student, and 
the next none ! But this is not the wisest use of the wealth of 
a practical man who wishes to invest his money where it will 
serve the good and the needs of the greatest number. 



EVERY DAY COUNCIL 



Onlj' a girl — with a quill she came. 

What shall she do with it, I pray ? 
Inscribe ber name in the niche of fame, 

Dipped in the gold of the sunset's ray ? 

Nay, not alone for ber use was it meant, 

This quill with its meaning true, 
It was for a nobler purpose sent, — 

To uphold the ideals of the gold and blue. 

Frances M, Sanborn, Nu 



CONSERVATISM 



It is a temptation to a young sorority as to a young nation 
in international affairs to thrust itself on public notice. This 
is an inclination against which we must carefully guard, as very 
detrimental to the success and reputation of our sorority. Our 
symbols should be something too sacred to be associated with 
anything common. Dignity is hard to combine with youth and 
enthusiasm and yet it is one of our greatest needs. 

It is thoughtlessness and carelessness which causes us some- 
times to let slip from the tip of our pencils the letters ASA upon 
desk or book and when we think seriously we realize that we 
do not wish people to get their impression from us in this way. 
We want them to know there is an Alpha Xi Delta but from 
onr dignity rather than from our publicity. 

Then too we should have due consideration for the non- 
fraternity people, realizing that they miss a great many things 
that we have. Let us be true sorority girls, loyal in every way 
but at the same time democratic and cosmopolitan. 

We need for our own sake as well as for the sake of right to 
be friendly with those outside our numbers, and to do this we 
must not be exclusive in our friendships nor obtrusive with our 



24 ALPHA XI DELTA 

sorority aflFairs. These are out of place when not kept within 
our own circle. Our sorority is one of the youngest and we be- 
lieve one of the best, and it should be our pride to help it grow 

in honor as well as size. 

Amy Cheney t Beta 



INDIVIDUAL DUTY TO THE SORORITY 

Human nature is very complex and no two people are alike; 
but in compensation for this, as it seems, nature has so con- 
structed us that the qualities and characteristics of one fit in 
where those of another fail, and together they make the perfect 
whole. But in the accomplishment of this each one must do 
the part given to her. In our sorority life each girl must culti- 
vate the quality of being able to be depended upon, and must 
answer up with her little part when called upon. 

For we get so much from Alpha Xi Delta that we should be 
willing to give to her our best. The very name she gives us 
is an honor; for the sorority girls are girls picked from the 
highest centers of culture in our country — our colleges. We 
have at once the distinction of belonging to a band of culti- 
vated women, known to have high educational ideals, and we 
have the social position won for us by previous generations of 
Greeks, in the founding of sorority life. 

So we have a responsibility, and should be anxious to give 
to our beloved sorority the best that we have in us. If one 
girl does not fulfill her small part her chapter fails in that much; 
and if her chapter falls short that much, the whole sorority, 
which embraces the chapter, falls short that much. It is relia- 
bility and ** dependableness,*' as one girl expressed it, which will 
help our sorority to maintain her high standard. 

Marie Riker^ Gamma 



SOME BENEFITS OF SORORITY UFE 

The benefit of sorority life which perhaps lies nearest to our 
hearts is the strong bond of friendship formed with our sorority 
sisters. After we leave college we never experience the same 
intimate relations with friends as those we have known in our 



EVERY DA Y COUNCIL 25 

school days. In the sorority all of the girls have almost the 
same interests and ideals and this is found nowhere else to so 
great a degree. Our friends here have a great influence in mould- 
ing our characters for life. The younger members, deprived of 
home influences, are helped by feeling free to consult with their 
older and wiser sisters. 

Another benefit is the stimulus to do better work in the class- 
room and to strive for college honors which are often prized 
more for the sorority's sake than for our own. 

Not the least of benefits which should be received in college 
life is that of true social polish. This trade-mark of genuine 
culture can be obtained in a great measure from sorority asso- 
ciation. 

These are only brief suggestions of the many, many advan- 
tages of our life as sorority sisters. 

Lucille Brady ^ Beta 



ANNOUNCEMENT 



Alpha Chi Omega announces the establishment of Mu Chapter 
at Simpson College, Iowa, May thirty-first, nineteen hundred 
and seven, and of Nu Chapter at the University of Colorado, 
September six, nineteen hundred and seven. 



EDITORIALS 



The resignation of Bertha G. Cleveland from the position of 
editor-in-chief of the Alpha Xi Delta is to our entire sorority 
a deep loss, of which no one is more conscious than her suc- 
cessor. Her devotion has been untiring, and her ability, in 
literary and business lines alike, has combined with her rare 
good judgment to give us a most excellent journal. Through 
these pages, we wish, for all Alpha Xi Deltas, to express deep 
regret at her retirement, and sincerest gratitude for her work 
of the last two years. The fraternity is, however, fortunate in 
being able to keep Miss Cleveland among its Grand Officers, 
thereby giving all of us the benefit of her wisdom and exper- 
ience in fraternity matters. 

The new members of the staflf hope that the aid of the past 
editor in preparing this issue of the Alpha Xi Delta will par- 
tially atone for the mistakes due to their own inexperience. 

ji ji ji 

The Alpha Xi Delta extends a most hearty welcome to 
Mu and Nu chapters. Mu's privileges as the baby chapter were 
short-lived, but they were undoubtedly given over gladly to the 
Washington chapter — Nu in name as well as new to sorority 
experiences. Both these chapters have already won a high 
reputation in Alpha Xi Delta circles, and they are surely most 
excellent additions to our chapter roll. 

ji ji ji 

We wish to express our entire agreement with one of the 
writers in this number of the journal when she says that Delta 
and Iota chapters were ideal hostesses. Surely they gave their 
guests royal entertainment in a true sisterly fashion. 

Our next national convention is to be held with Eta chapter 
in the fall of nineteen hundred and nine. It is not now too soon 
to begin to plan for it. Every girl should help make sure that 
her chapter achieves results which it may be proud to report at 



EDITORIALS 27 

that time. Then each sister should from now on try earnestly 
to plan for herself a trip to this convention. It will mean to 
her much personal enjoyment and inspiration. It will mean 
that, because of her presence, the enthusiasm of the convention 
will be so much the greater. And most of all, every member 
who attends the convention can add the weight of her own in- 
fluence toward making the work and the spirit of the conven- 
tion permanent. The convention just past was a marked suc- 
cess, — we were a goodly number and we accomplished a surpris- 
ing amount of work. But should we not plan to do even 
greater things next time? If so, every sister can help with a 
determination of her own to be present unless she is absolutely 
prevented from going. 

ji ji ji 

Congratulations are due Alpha Xi Delta upon the excellence 
of the new Grand Officers. The re-elected ones need no intro- 
duction : Mrs. Ella B. Boston-Lieb, Grand President, and Miss 
Mary E. Kay, Grand Secretary. Most of us know them well 
enough to realize that they are efficient and heartily devoted 
to the sorority's best good, and that we are indeed fortunate 
to retain them for another term of office. The other members 
of the Grand Committee are perhaps less widely known— cer- 
tainly they are new to us in their present positions: Miss Bertha 
G. Cleveland, Grand Vice-President, Miss Ellen Ball, Grand 
Treasurer, and Miss Clara Salmer, Grand Historian. The edi- 
tor regrets that there has not been time since the election of 
these new officers to gather some of the interesting facts about 
them which all Alpha Xi Deltas will be anxious to learn. We 
hope, however, in a succeeding issue, to publish a few words 
concerning their lives. For the present, the Alpha Xi Delta 
wishes in behalf of the entire sorority to express to them our 
sincere pleasure in their election, our full assurance that the im- 
portant work given to them is in good hands, and our faithful 
promise to aid them in every possible way. 

J^ J^ Ji 

The business sessions of our recent convention were a grati- 
fying exposition of the unanimity of our sorority at large. 



28 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Wide diflferences of opinion upon various questions were fre- 
quent, to be sure, yet the delegates showed unmistakably that 
Alpha Xi Delta has thus far given to the chapters everywhere 
the same purposes, the same policy, and the same principles. 
It is almost trite to say that this is as it should be. But will 
it be possible for us to retain this identity of sentiment if new 
chapters are too rapidly added ? We think not, and we believe 
it our first duty as Alpha Xi Deltas to keep our cherished fra- 
ternity strong within itself. If we are constantly busied with 
adapting new chapters to our ways and our beliefs, we shall be 
in danger of losing our oneness of mind and heart. We believe 
that a period has been reached in the growth of our fraternity 
where conservatism ought to be the keynote of our expansion 
policy. Great, good fortune has thus far attended our growth, 
but let us not be dazzled by any thoughts of mere numbers. 
Our strength should now be in unity and in the high character 
of our present chapter roll. 

J^ J^ J^ 

We are glad to note that the convention formally adopted 
Mrs. Martin's Sorority Hand Book as an official reference book, 
and recommended its use in every chapter. Further action, we 
believe, is uncalled for, because our convention does not need to 
be so dictatorial as to compel the purchase of large numbers of 
a volume. whose merit will in time insure its wide circulation in 
all fraternity circles. 

J^ J^ J^ 

The November Alpha Xi Delta has been withheld until the 
news of the convention could be obtained. The changes in the 
editorial staflf made bv the convention and the fact that no 
publisher could be engaged till after the business manager for 
the ensuing year had been appointed, have occasioned ftirther 
delay. 



EXCHANGES 

Exchange Editor, . . Persis Hannah. 



[Elxchan^es are requested to send one copy to each of the following : 
Martha Hutchings, 512 Bear street, Syracuse, N. Y. ; Persis Hannah, 53 Oak- 
land street, Medford, Mass.; Mrs. J. R. Lieb, 1271 W. Washington street, 
Springfield, 111.; Mary E. Kay, 4529 Brooklyn avenue, N. E., Seattle, Wash.] 

Because of a change in the management of Alpha Xi Delta, the exchange 
list in this issue is not complete. We gratefully acknowlege the following 
publications, calling attention to a few of the many interesting and instructive 
articles : 

Beta TketaPi: 

Marehr-" Life at the University of Chicago. " F. W. Shepardson. * ' The 
Relative Efficiency of Benefactions in Large and Small Colleges." 
President Almon Gunnison, St. Lawrence University. (In N. Y. Even- 
ing Post,) 

The Shield of Phi Kappa Pei: 

April— *' The Benefits of Organized Efforts in Rushing." George E. 
Clark. (Paper read at convention.) "The Influence of the Greek 
Letter Fraternities on College Education." W. W. Ross. (Read at 
a council.) "The Fraternity Problem." Guy R. Kingsley. (In this 
paper the holding of four year students is discussed. Studentship 
lost through outside influence is cited as a gre&t cause of students' 
withdrawing from collie.) 
October—'* My Idea of an Ideal Chapter." (A symposium.) 

The Scroll of Phi Delta Theta : 

AprHr—(The Installation of South Dakota Alpha and a historical sketch 

of the University of South Dakota and of the local chapter there 

takes up most of this number.) 
June. 
October. 

The Rainbow of Delta Tau Delta : 

March— (A symposium concerning whether a man so undesirable as to be 
repudiated by his own chapter should be taken from the fraternity 
role or recommended for an affiliation by his chapter.) 

Jttn«— Purdue University with the installation of Delta Tau Delta's 
Gamma Lambda Chapter there. ^ 

The Delia Upeilon Fraternity : 

May— "The Hughes Dinner." "The Panama Canal," by Fullerton L. 
Waldo. "Delta U in Canada," by Thomas Craik Irving, Jr. 



30 ALPHA XI DELTA 

The Record of Sigma Alpha EpsUon : 

May^** Sigma, Alpha Epsilon at Syracuse," by A. J. MacElroy. Some 

Convention Speeches. 
September. 

The Delta of Sigma Nu: 

Jtfay—Thirteenth Grand Chapter Banquet. Case School Chapter Installed. 
August 

Kappa Alpha Journal : 

June--** The Founding of Beta Iota Chapter, Drury College." 

Desmoe of Delta Sigma Delta : 
May. 

The Garnet and White of Alpha Chi Rho : 

March — The Ninth Annual Convention at New York. 

May— Phi Phi of Alpha Chi Rho at University of Pennsylvania. "The 
Landmarks." IV. An Absolute, Never Relative Standard of Manli- 
ness. 

The Lyre of Alpha Chi Omega : 

June— ** An Account of Syracuse University," by Martha Lee. Alpha 

Chi Omega at Simpson College. 
Octofter— Alpha Chi Omega at the University of Colorado. 

Alpha Sigma Alpha Magazine : 

March — **As to the Greek Letter Fraternities." 

The Trident of Delta Delta Delta : 
ApriLSortie New Songs. 
June. 

The Anchora ef Delta Gamma : 

April— ** The University of Nebraska," by Lois Forsler. **A Winter in 

London, ' ' by Margaret S. Morriss. ' ' The Reconstruction of Stanford 

University," by Endora B. Bundy. 
July. 

The Key of Kappa Kappa Gamma : 

May — "The Greek Theatre at the University of California, " by Chauncey 
E. Wells. "The Fraternity Question," by Charles R. Brown. The 
sentiment of love between two persons of the opposite sex has received, 
in the judgment of many, a disproportionate amount of attention in 
literature, while other strong and fine forms of human relationship 
has failed of their due recognition. The friendship between two or 
more persons of the same sex is productive of deep joy and has a 
high place of usefulness. There have been certain friendships so 
beautiful, so notable as to become classic. The friendship between 
Damon and Pythias has been sung by the poets and the memory of it 
perpetuated in a well known fraternal order. The friendship of David 
and Jonathan has likewise been embalmed in scripture and has also 
found place in the ritual of another fraternity. "Their souls were 



EXCHANGES 31 

knit together," the Bible says, by the interlacing, interlocking of 
sympathy and interest, until ''Jonathan loved David as his own soul. " 

Other similar cases will occur to you which have been in a high 
degree wholesome and useful. It is good for us to know and love 
those with whom the question of sex, with its mysterious attractions 
and repulsions, does not enter in. The woman who cares little for 
other women and is only happy when she is talking with men, or the 
man who is so much of a ladies' man as to be ill at ease and unhappy 
when thrown for hours exclusively with men, is mentally, if not 
morally, diseased. It is good for the souls of men to be knit with 
the souls of their fellows, and for women to know and enjoy other 
women in similar fashion. 

It is the need of such association that lies at the root of the almost 
countless fraternities found in all onr cities. In searching out names 
and mysterious forms for them all, we have gone clear over the bor- 
der of what is fantastic and foolish. The secrecy of these societies is 
not to be taken too seriouslv, for as a rule, it is mere dust thrown in 
the eyes of the uninitiated. The members themselves laugh in their 
sleeves over how little the secrets amount to, but the organizations 
do offer opportunity for social companionship in a way to satisfy a 
widespread desire. 

The same tendency, with some additional leaning to clannishness 
and to the love of mystery found in most youn^ people, is evidenced 
by the Greek letter fraternities in the colleges and high schools of the 
land. These have been in operation for more than a quarter of a 
century, and have not by any means so justified their existence as to 
win the cordial welcome and support of the best educational author- 
ities. There is still "the Fraternity Question " with a big interroga- 
tion point after it, put there by parents and teachers, by professors 
and citizens, and by many of the young people themselves as they 
grow older and wiser. 

I speak of this question as a fraternity man. I have been initi- 
ated; I have worn a ** pin, " at such odd times as my ** best f^\ " did 
not happen to be wearing it. I know the mysterious significance attach- 
ing to the "grip " when one student meets another behind the door, 
and taking him by the little finger pulls it nine times to the left. I 
have been through all this, for I am a Sigma Chi. What I say, there- 
fore, is not spoken in the prejudice that sometimes belongs to the 
"anti-frat" man who sees it all from the outside and comes up hot 
perhaps from some hard fought campaign where the line was closely 
drawn between " frats and anti-frats." 

I speak with a deep sense of the importance of the question. It 
is a big subject. The power of association for good or ill— no nation 
under heaven. Christian or Pagan, has failed to condense its observa- 
tion and experience on that point into some terse proverb. "He 
that walketh with wise men will be wise, but the companion of fools 



32 ALPHA XI DELTA 

will be destroyed/' said the old Hebrew. "Evil associates corrupt 
good manners/' said the Greek, and Paul quoted it in his letter to 
the Greek Christians at Corinth. ''Talent is perfected in solitude, 
but character is formed in the stream of the world/' is the German 
of it. "Live with wolves and you will learn to howl/' the Spanish 
proverb has it. In these terse sayings the race has recorded its judg- 
ment of the power of association. The fraternity promotes certain 
forms of most intimate association and enters powerfully for good or 
ilF into the lives of young people at a crucial period. 

I will first notice certain values belonging to the fraternity. It 
marks out a definite group of special friends for closer association. 
You cannot become intimately acquainted with the whole numan race 
or even with as much of it as happens to be present in a laige high 
school or college. Whether it is done in organized or in unorganized 
ways, there must come a process of selection by which one's social 
sympathies and interests are kept to a manageable size. 

The fraternity gives opportunity for learning to subordinate the 
purely personal and selfish interests to the larger good. The fratern- 
ity members have in view something beyond their own individual 
pleasure or success. They strive to aid some fellow member who has 
good prospects in a race for collie or class honors. Mutual admira- 
tion, a common enthusiasm, a corporate ambition and the spirit of 
co-operation, are thus developed in the whole group by their common 
interest. 

The fraternity bring^s the lower classmen into closer touch with 
those of the upper class. The first year member is not a mere un- 
baked freshman to the juniors and seniors in the fraternity. They 
have an interest and a responsibility for the freshman, because of 
the fraternity connection. These organizations thus cause the lines 
of social cleavage to run perpendicularly as well as horizontally. My 
own life will be forever different, by reason of the friendship of two 
upper class men in my university days. Such friendships are whole- 
some for both the younger and the older friend. 

The fraternity serves as a convenient and useful basis for fellow- 
ship when members visit another collie or when alumni return to 
their alma mater. The house of their own fraternity is open to them 
and affords an opportunity for them to come into touch with the eager, 
throbbing life about them. The alumni of a chapter may also exert 
a real influence for good upon the resident members of the fraternity 
because of this continued association. 

The fraternity house offers a useful center for returning social 
courtesies. The students, in their class day spread and at other times, 
may thus indicate our appreciation of social attentions received from 
townspeople and other friends. 

All this can be said and said heartily. It may seem to some that 
I am making out such a strong case for fraternities that any criticism 



EXCHANGES 33 

offered later will be of no avail. It would be unfair, however, and 
mean, not to state the advantages as strongly as one's own judgment 
would approve. 

But in the second place there are certain offsets in fraternity life- 
there is a constant tendency to spend more time and more money than 
many a student can afford. No one of spirit can be entertained con- 
tinually by others without striving to return the courtesies. A few 
in the fraternity with rich fathers, a large allowance and warm hearts, 
can with no sort of wrong purpose, set the pace in such a way as to 
demoralize a whole group of young people. Students of modest 
means and simple habits, dependent upon hard working fathers for 
education and for all the comforts of home life, are apparently forced 
into a gait that is wrong. They do not intend to be mean or cruel, 
but they adopt a scale of expenditure which they cannot afford ; and 
become unjust to parents who make sacrifices for their education. It 
requires more grit than nine out of ten young people of the high 
school or college age possess, to stand up and oppose the course of 
action that leads to these ill-advised good times. 

We cannot but regret that simplicity is so overborne in all our 
social life by the elaborate and the expensive. Business men, hus- 
bands and fathers, are being killed off before their time by nervous 
prostration, heart disease or exhaustion of other vital organs, in 
making the necessary money to keep it up, Society women, mothers 
and daughters, are being sent to sanitariums and rest cures by the 
task of devising and arranging new and elaborate ways of spending 
the money. What a caricature much of it is upon the social life 
which was meant to be a recreation, a means of relief from serious 
work, but not a burdensome, exacting labor ! 

The same spirit, alas, has found its way among the young people. 
The young girl in high school gives a luncheon for her fraternity 
elaborate enough for a society woman of fifty. The boys plan for a 
good time at a pace that might indicate they were solid business men 
well on in their prime with fortunes of their own earning, completely 
at their disposal. I believe the whole tendency of it is bad and only 
bad. The simple pleasures are the best for everybody and especially 
for young people. A tuxedo is not suitable for a five-year-old boy, 
even though his father is able to buy him a hundred of them ; and 
gome of our social activity is quite as ridiculous and inappropriate as 
such a coat would be on such a yoimg^ster. It rears up a set of young 
people who, having tasted it all, are blase before their time and in- 
tent upon some new sensation by more startling and stimulating 
forms of social life. And all the while the simple, serious, quiet in- 
terests of education have been suffering a loss irreparable. 

There is also the tendency toward a wasteful use of time. Where 
there is a loimging room with its open fire, the university colors, pil- 
lows, pictures and trophies scattered about, a crowd of jolly good 



34 ALPHA XI DELTA 

fellows always accessible, or where there is a srroup of girls with the 
latest collie news to discuss, or it may be, callers and an evening 
supper, it is not easy to turn one's back upon it and sit alone digging 
on some difficult subject. Eve holding out an apple or even a ripe 
peach in the garden of Eklen was scarcely a circumstance in the way 
of temptation when compared with the attraction thus offered to a 
student whose will already may be a trifle lame. 

There is furthermore the tendency to a narrow exclusiveness 
which sometimes degenerates into actual snobbishness. This is espec- 
ially true of the high school fraternities. The spirit of narrow clan- 
nishness is stronger then than later. Breadth of sympathy, which 
ought to be the spirit of our public schools, is thus destroyed. The 
girl is tempted to think that out of hundreds of girls in high school, 
only the little group of twenty in her own fraternity are fine, choice 
Crirls. When the social interests are thus being "cribbed, cabined 
and confined," it is not a long step to the spirit of that bigot who 
prayed, " Oh Lord, bless me and my wife, my son John and his wife, 
us four and no more." You have all detected the ''us four and no 
more" spirit in the high school fraternities. The larger loyalty and 
broader sympathy is overborne by a narrowed social interest. 

To be perfectly frank I regard the high school fraternities as 
nuisances. I know how many of the best students are members of 
them, laboring to make them helpful, not hurtful. But when you add 
it all up the losses, in my judgment, outrank the g^ins. The spirit of 
social exclusiveness is opposed to the true spirit of our public schools 
and encourages the development of qualities that have no rightful 
place in American young people. 

In the expression of this view, I represent a great body of opinion. 
For the last six years I have been speaking at high school commence- 
ments and teachers' institutes in various parts of our State. I have 
never heard a single high school teacher or principal openly defend 
the fraternity. Some have been non-committal, but many have 
frankly uttered their condenmation of the fraternity, as prejudicial 
to the legitimate work of the school, as weakening the more inclu- 
sive class loyalty and as offering an effective temptation to social 
dissipation.. I may not hope to carry all high school students with 
me in this judgment, but if I asked all parents who believe fratern- 
ities tend to alienate yoimg people from their homes, all high school 
teachers who believe that more evil than good results from fraternity 
experience, through loyalty to a part instead of to the whole school, 
all young people who having passed on look back from college and 
mature life upon those earlier fraternities as cases of immature 
development to line up, you would be amazed at the verdict against 
the high school fraternity ! 

We are constantly hearing that it is hard for girls to finish the 
high school course without breaking down. I believe the nervous 



EXCHANGES ' 35 

collapee is due less to faithful study than to the unnecessary excite- 
ment of fraternity rivalry and to the irre^lar hours and social dissi- 
pation consequent upon fraternity life. 

The rightful place of the fraternity is in the university where 
boys and girls have become young men and young women, better able 
to guard such organizations ag^ainst these abuses ; better able to see to 
it tiiat no barriers are built between them and those whom they ought 
to know ; better able to extend their' generous admiration to those 
not of their particular clique. Wisely ordered, the fraternity may be 
made a useful center for social sympathies and for the deepening of 
these wholesome intimacies, and l^us become a useful educational 
force. 

The habit of " rushine " for membership has become inexpressibly 
silly. The heads of weak men and women are turned by the social 
attentions thrust upon them as likely candidates. You would suppose 
Uie chapters would oe ashamed to exhibit such eagerness as indicating 
a sense of their own weakness. Let the fraternities make themselves 
worth joining and candidates will be forthcoming ! Let students make 
themselves worth having and the door will be open into a desirable 
house whenever they are ready to join. 

You ought to make your fraternity experience preparatory to the 
larger social status into which you will enter as a mature man or 
woman — a status where the narrow exclusiveness of the snob finds 
the door shut in its face by people of sense. If you have really 
gained a genuinely social spirit, you will be better able to take your 
place in the business world or in tne home as one ready to aid in build- 
ing it on the basis of honor, integrity and mutual consideration. If 
you have rightly learned the lessons of fraternity life, you ought to 
be ready to work in harmony with women striving for kindliness in 
social life and with men who are bent upon making the State an 
organized expression of wise and just principles. 

The Eletusis of Chi Omega : 

Afay— "ChiOm^a's Founders," "Chi Omega's Birthplace',' by Eleanor 
Duncan Shannon. "The Installation of Delta," by Vesta Llockwood. 

August. 

Kappa Alpha Theta : 

ifay---(This number contains two articles on prominent Kappa Alpha 
Thetas) : Charlotte lUingworth— a missionai^ from India. Elizabeth 
Millei^arthur of "The Yoke" and "Saul of Tarsus." 

Sigma Kappa Triangle: 

September. 
The Phi Chi Fraternity Quarterly : 

July. 

The Alpha Phi Quarterly: 

Mau--*' Life in the University of Toronto, ' ' by James Murray. * * Library 
Work with Children," by Alice I. Hazeltine. "Lefregation in the 
University of Nebraska, by Helen Redington. 

November. 

The Angelas of Kappa Delta : 
May. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 

ALPHA 

Dear Sister Chapters : 

Alpha sends her love and best wishes to all of you and extends a most 
hearty welcome to our new chapters. We are only five this year but have 
three very dear pledges, Leila Bailey of Stoughton, Wis., Mima Hughes of 
Table Grove, 111., Nellie Provost of Pecatonica, 111. We opened this year's 
rushing season with a reception at the home of Frances Richey. September 
14, our patronesses, Mrs. J. K. Mitchell and Mrs. Bertha Davis Taggart 
delightfully entertained us at the home of the former. September 19, we 
held the pledging ceremony for our new girls. Bess Williamson and Frances 
Richey were with us that evening and we afterwards regaled ourselves with 
an informal spread. One of the most enjoyable features of the year was 
the picnic in the woods which Mrs. Harriet Dudley gave the Alpha g^ls. 
Our sisters, Alleen Thompson, Frances Richey, Maude Andrews and Edna 
Epperson, who was the guest of honor, were with us. After the picnic 
luncheon with its loads of good things, we spent the day exploring the woods, 
himting for nuts, gathering autumn leaves and singing sorority songs. Late 
in the afternoon, we piled into the hayrack and rode home a noisy, happy, 
tired crowd. 

One occusion which will not soon be forgotten by the Alpha chapter girls 
is the **Love Feast" held on the morning of Jxme 5, '07, at the home of 
Frances Richey. The chapter roll call was answered by all the active mem- 
bers and about twenty alunmi. Many delightful memories were called up 
and mutual help received from the talks given by the different ones. The 
plans for an Alumnae chapter were discussed. 

The loving cup was passed and each drank deep to "auld lang syne " and 
the future welfare of Alpha Xi Delta. 

Alpha Chapter wishes to publicly thank their Alunmi who have shown 
such thoughtfulness and generosity toward them by their practical help. 

Mabel Hendel, Cor, Sec. 

BETA 

Beta Chapter sends a greeting of love to each of her sister chapters and 
wishes to all a most prosperous year. 

Our chapter is in a very flourishing condition this year. We have nine 
active members and two pledges. We started out the first frat meeting 
with the presence of every girl and this has been our record the entire year. 
We have given several little rushing parties but as our pledge day is the 
Saturday before Thanksgiving we have no new pledges to report. 

On October 19 occurred our * 'Annual Fall Reception " at the home of our 
patroness, Mrs. Galer. About sixty guests were present and a most enjoy- 
able evening was spent. The house was beautifully decorated with autumn 
leaves, ribbon and with Alpha roses and pennants. After the serving of a 



CHAPTER LETTERS 37 

three course menu, Alpha song hooks were distributed among our guests and 
we sang our songs until a very late hour. 

Miss Myrtie Lauer, one of our Alpha sisters, invited all the girls of our 
chapter to a house party October 5, *07, at her home in Winfield, Iowa. 
Every girl was there and it is needless to say what a good time we had for 
we all know what it means for fourteen Alpha girls to get together. One of 
the most enjoyable features of all was the partaking of the many edible 
viands which Mrs. Lauer had prerared for us. After each meal the g^rls 
would silently voice this sentiment, **A feeling of fullness steals o'er me, 
a feeling akin to pain." 

We sang Alpha song^ until we could sing no longer and then we would 

(r-e-s-t) ourselves by the giving of our yell. 

Louise Brady f Sec*y. 

GAMMA 

School at Mt. Union College opened September 24th with a large attend- 
ance and with every prospect for one of the best years Mt. Union has ever 
known. We have on our faculty list several new members. Miss Carrie 
Gehrs has been elected Professor of German ; Professor Painter now occu- 
pies the chair of Philosophy made vacant by the death of Dr. Judd ; and Pro- 
fessor Hatten is now at the head of the Science department. This year the 
Collegiate and Academic departments have been entirely separated and there 
are a number of new teachers in the Academic. Professor Gibbs, our English 
professor, has been granted a year's leave of absence and is studying in 
Chicago. 

Since our last letter was sent before commencement we have never told 
you about our reunion. On Tuesday, June 18, we held our annual reunion at 
the chapter house. There were present about fifty girls. During the morn- 
ing we initiated three pledges, Wilda Matthias, Pearl Motz and Marie Riker, 
and also three S. L. C. girls, Nellie Smith Cannon, Lulu Matthias Eldridge 
and Anna Brush Ake. After dinner letters were read from a number of 
the girls who could not be present. Lucille Strong acted as toastmistress 
and the following short toast program was given : 

In and Out of College, . Mary Salmon. 

Our Ideal Sorority Girl, Ethel Montgomery. 

S. L. C, Fern Fogle Holz. 

Lela Caskey Leet announced the engagement of Elsie Jones to Carl 
Stooksberry, and that of Blanche Whilta to Frank Shaw. 

We received pink roses from the fraternities. During the afternoon the 
girls took a number of pictures. 

Gamma has nine active members. We gave a reception for the new 
girls September 23 at the chapter house. Just now we are planning for con- 
vention. We expect Mrs. Leib to visit here on her way to convention and 
are planning to give a Pan-Hellenic reception while she is here. 

The girfi of Gamma Chapter are indeed very proud to introduce our new 
patroness, Mrs. H. R. Pierce, wife of the Professor of Oratory. 

Gamma sends best wishes to all the Alpha Xi Deltas and hopes for them 

every possible success. Ekhel Montgomery. 



38 ALPHA XI DELTA 

DELTA 

Dear Sisters in Alpha Xi Delta : 

It is with a sigh of relief that Delta girls take up the duties of sorority 
life once more, for the convention has come and gone, and everyone seemed 
pleased. Of course the gpreater share of the responsibility fell on lota's 
shoulders, but Delta was most extraordinarily interested, as you know. 

Our Fourth National Convention was truly a leathering of sisters, and 
from henceforth it will be an easier matter to write these chapter letters, 
for I know these sisters, and have spoken with them. 

Delta's prospects for the year are most promising. Twelve (12) active 
members, but one of whom is a senior. Last year we lost six girla, and this 
fall our ranks seemed sadly depleted, but hard, persevering labor won us 
four new ones to fill the places left vacant in our chapter circle. 

Every girl is doing her best to live up to the standard of scholarship 
which Alpha Xi Delta expects of us. We felt quite a little encouraged when 
President Cramblet paid us the tribute of saying that to know a girl as an 
Alpha Xi Delta was to know she was an earnest, honest student, and that 
our sorority had done much to increase the spirit of excelling in scholarship 
in the college. 

Delta wishes you all a happy and prosperous year. 

Fraternally, 

Sarah Anna Smith, Cor. Sec*y. 

EPSILON 

Epsilon begins the year with brighter prospects and brighter hopes than 
ever before. We have lost only one active member, Marjorie Breeden, from 
last year's list. Lucile Camerer, though not in Vermilion now, was with us 
during the first weeks of school and will return later to take up her work as 
Junior in U. S. D. The return of several former members made our roll 
call the longest in our record for the beginning of the year, and the rushing 
season resulted most fortunately for us. Four girls were initiated in Octo- 
ber and five others wear the Alpha pledge pin, making our number twenty- 
one in all— twelve imdergpi^duates, four alumnae and five pledges. 

The four girls already initiated are Helen Miller, Bertha Small, Elsther 
Johnson and Helen Frazee. The occasion of their entrance to our circle is 
one of especially pleasant memory to our chapter. After the ceremony a 
bountiful spread was enjoyed and the new members were called on to respond 
to the following toasts : ** Being a Freshman," Helen Frazee; **The Gentle 
Goat," Helen Miller ; **The Useful Art of Making Eyes, with illustrations," 
Elsther Johnson ; ''Great Things and Small in East Hall Life, " Bertha Small. 

A second ceremony will be held immediately after the return of our del- 
gates from the convention at Morgantown. 

Among the old members whom Epsilon is glad to welcome again are 
Mary Nichols, Lorena Grange and Mabel Richardson. Mary takes up Soph- 
omore work, Mabel is Librarian at the University and Lorena is taking a 
well-earned rest at home. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 39 

E^ilon is represented at Morgantown by four girls— Lorena Grange, 
Clara Salmer, Julia Sweet and Ethel Richardson. The girls are taking this 
opportunity for an extended trip through the east, various points of interest 
on their route being Niagara Falls, Buffalo, Albany, Boston, New York, 
Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Annapolis, Richmond and the exposition 
at Norfolk. 

Marjorie Breeden, who graduated from the Law School in June, is prac- 
ticing in her father's* office at Pierre, South Dakota, the firm name now 
being Breeden & Breeden. Olga Averkieff , who received the degpree of M. D. 
from the University of Iowa in June, has returned to her home in Saratov, 
Russia, for the practice or her profession. We are especially proud of our 
professional girls. 

The visit of Mrs. Leib to our chapter in April of last year was one of 
inestimable value to us as a chapter, and individually as sorority girls. The 
privilege of meeting and knowing her personally, and of learning from her 
more of our sorority and its principles and ideals, is one which we appreciate 
more and more as we come to realize the deeper meaning which our sorority 
has for us as we grow more familiar with its history, its achievements and 
its purposes. Epsilon. 



ZETA 

Zeta Chapter sends greetings to all. 

We have had a grand beginning and are joyful over our prospects for 
the year. 

We had a tea at Hazel Wright's home and got acquainted with the new 
girls. After this we pledged several girls. They are Willard Wright, Mar- 
garet Fomshell, Ruth Collier, Elizabeth Sudhoff and Lois Miller. 

We are looking forward to initiation in the near future. 

Our patroness, Mrs. John L. Zimmerman, has returned from a very 
delightful trip abroad, which was necessitated by the ill health of her 
younger son. Jack. 

Word has just been received from Van Wirt, Ohio, saying that Ella 
Swartout has a bad case of typhoid fever. 

Marjorie Smith is better after having had a long siege of typhoid fever. 

Mabel Bracher, '06, is teaching in Bucyrus. 

Anna Miller is teaching Latin-Greek in the Mansfield high school. 

Jeanette Steck is back in Utica, N. Y., teaching. 

We have a chapter house fund to which all our alunmae pay $5.00. This 
fund is growing. 

We hope that each chapter will have the greatest success in the year's 

woric. 

Yours in Alpha Xi Delta, 

Clara Hill DornbUisery Cor, Sec'y. 



40 ALPHA XI DELTA 

ETA 

Eta Chapter returns this year with bright prospects with sixteen girls in 
the chapter house, three city girls, besides six freshmen lately added to 
our list. 

Eta held initiation October eighteenth, followed on the nineteenth by a 
banquet at the Vanderbilt. Martha Hutchings, '07, acted us toastmistress 
and the following responded to toasts : Helen Truair, '10 ; Helen Rosa, '11 ; 
Miranda Myres, '09 ; Hazel Brush, '09 ; Elaine Putnam, '08 ; Grace Fox, '06 ; 
Elizabeth Loetzer, '06, and Bertha Cleveland, '05. 

During the rushing season one of our patronesses, Mrs. Comstock, enter- 
tained us informally at her home. 

Married October the ninth, at the home of her parents in Wolcott, N. Y., 
Cecil Horton, ex-'09, to Climer Austin. Grace Fox, Hazel Brush, Mollie 
Curtiss and Ethel Peterson attended the wedding. 

October nineteenth was the formal opening of the Archbold Stadium, at 
Syracuse University. It has a seating capacity of 50,000 and is constructed 
of solid concrete. Several other new buildings are in use this fall— the 
Carnegie Library, Machinery Hall of Smith College and Lynian Hall of 
Natural History, while the new Chemistry Building is in process of con- 
struction and foundations are laid for the new Men's Gymnasium. 

Margaret A, Hoard. 

THETA 

This summer the following were guests at a house party, given by Fran- 
ces Albers, '09, at her home in Wausaw; Charlotte Stough, '09, of Mimie- 
apolis, Mimi. ; Louise Erb, '08, of Appleton, Wis. ; Nellie Angell, '07, of Sun 
Prairie, Wis. Florence Simon, '08, of La Crosse, Wis., was the guest of 
Winnifred Ryan, and Signe Ravn '10, was the guest of Katharine Morris 
(pledge). 

Together with Frances' sister Irene, we made a jolly party of ten, and 
Frances certainly did herself proud as a hostess. 

Monday, Augrust 6th, was the day set for the arrival of the guests. All 
were there by eight o'clock in the evening and we gathered at the Albers 
home on La Salle Terrace, to hold a reunion. 

Tuesday afternoon the house party made its debut with a heart party 
given by Katharine Morris. In the evening Frances entertained us at cards. 

Wednesday, Mrs. Albers entertained us at a picnic at Rib mountain, the 
highest point in the State. We started from the Albers home about eleven 
o'clock and drove the seven miles in a wagonette. After the dandy "eats " 
Mrs. Albers had prepared for us had been consumed, we spent the remainder 
of the day mountain climbing. Rib is very hard to climb, owing to the great 
boulders and brush heaps, so we were all in a sad state as to shoe leather 
and petticoats at the end of the day, but we certainly had a fine time not- 
withstandiiig. 

Wednesday evening, Katharine entertained again and Thursday evening 



CHAPTER LETTERS 4l 

Mr. and Mrs. Albers gave a dancing party at the Wausaw club house, at 
which about fifty couples were present. 

Friday evening Winifred Ryan entertained at cards. Saturday afternoon 
Mrs. Agnes B. Murray entertained at cards and luncheon. Saturday even- 
ing the boys, who had enjoyed most of the other stunts with us, took us to 
Brokaw, a small village five miles north of Wausaw, on the evening train 
for a country dance and we returned in true country style on a hay rack. 

Sunday evening the crowd was all up at Albers' singing and talking 
over things. 

Monday afternoon Mrs. Bishop Thompson entertained at fan-tan and in 
evening the boys took us to see "The Isle of Spice." After the play we all 
went up to Albers' for a midnight supper, which was followed by toasts. 
We then sang until the wee sma' hours, when we finally broke away all very 
enthusiastic on the subject of the Albers family as entertainers. 

Winifred Ryan, Theta. 

IOTA 
Dear Sister a : 

Iota sends hearty greetings to all of the chapters and wishes each and 
all the most successful year yet. We are eagerly looking forward to con- 
vention time to welcome the Alphas to " W. V. U.", our only dread is that 
not enough will come. 

Since our last letter, Iota is pleased to introduce a new patroness, Mrs. 
Charles Edgar Hogg, the wife of the Dean of the Law School. Professor 
and Mrs. Hogg came to Morgantown last year from Pt. Pleasant, W. Va.. 
where Professor Hogg had an extensive law practice. He is one of the 
lawyers defending West Virginia in the Virginia Debt case, the oldest live 
case on the Supreme Court docket. 

Iota has also two new Alphas to introduce, Cora Edna Jackson of Ron- 
ceverte, W. Va., and Mary Frances Chadwick of Morgantown, W. Va. 

Elizabeth Sadler gave a house party to the girls two weeks before com- 
mencement. Such a time as we had. We held the initiation there, and 
"Billy " was very unruly and did all sorts of pranks. Bertha Jane Smith 
came down from Sistersville and for the first time since the spring Iota 
Chapter was installed, the charter members were all back. 

Iota starts in this year with nine girls ready for work. Rushing season 
is in full swing and with convention coming soon we are leading strenuous 
lives. We have given one rushing party at the home of Mrs. T. C. Atkeson, 
and another at the home of Mrs. C. H. Smith. Both proved very delightful 
affairs. 

Iota announces the engagement of Drusilla Victoria Johnson to Rev. 
Errett Burges Quick, pastor of the Christian Church, Morgantown, W. Va. 
The wedding will take place sometime during the Christmas holidays. 

We gave an announcement party at the home of Mabel Weaver, Septem- 
ber 27. A trunk full of rice and bon-bons tied with white ribbons was given 
to the "bride-to-be" to express lota's hearty congratulations and to help 
along the affair. 



42 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Lillian Smith is teaching Elnglish History in the Preparatory School. 
Lillian is most the busiest girl in college with being on the faculty twice and 
carrying her regular school work. 

Again wishing all a prosperous year, and hoping to see many of you at 
convention. 

Yours in Alpha Xi Delta, Crystal Courtney, Sec*y Iota Chapter, 



LAMBDA 

Dear Alphas : 

Lambda Chapter sends her heartiest greetings to all her sisters, and best 
wishes for a very happy and prosperous year. 

We have all enjoyed a delightful summer and are back again ready for 
good, hard work. 

Inmiediately after commencement we had our annual house party at 
Rockport, Mass. Such fim as we had in our '' Uneeda Rest Camp ! " Many 
were the hours of joy and pleasure— but few the hours of sleep. During our 
stay at Rockport we were delightfully entertained one day by Professor and 
Mrs. Chase at their home in Gloucester. The occasion was a clam-bake and 
lobster-roast. After this splendid ''feed" we were shown the places of 
interest about Gloucester. One place in particular interested us, the Gorton 
Codfish establishment Here we were shown everything from the unloading 
of the fish from the ships to the packing into boxes. All together we had a 
most enjoyable day. Mrs. Chase is one of our patronesses. 

A Round Robin kept us in touch with each other during the sunmier. 

Our prospects did not seem very bright at the opening of the term, as 
our number had diminished greatly. Besides the seniors who were gradu- 
ated in June, four other members did not return this fall. Nellie Kimball, 
'09, who was taking a special course, did not return. Ruth Nash, '09, has 
left us and has gone to Stanford University, to be nearer her home which is 
now in Los Angeles, Cal. We greatly miss Ruth, as it was she who first 
interested us in Alpha Xi Delta thro her friends at Lombard. Eleanor Ladd, 
'08, also a special, did not return. Katherine Cragin, '10, will not be able to 
resume her work this year, but we hope to have her with us again next year. 
However, we are not to be discouraged even by the loss of so many of our 
sisters. "Every cloud has a silver lining," you know. We have already 
pledged three girls, Audrey Duffey, Sue Knight and Bertha Shepard; 
splendid girls, of course. 

Mrs. Dennison, another of our patronesses, gave an informal tea at her 
home to introduce some of the new girls. We all love to go there, Mrs. 
Dennison has such an interesting home. 

Rushing has been unusually strenuous this year, due, we think, to the 
Pan Hellenic, which is an entirely new institution at Tufts. Informal 
spreads, theatre parties, etc., have been given. 

Katherine Cragin is to give us a social evening at her home in Bedford, 
Tuesday, October 29th. We are to enjoy a straw ride to and from her home. 

Two of our members, Ethel Fuller and Gertrude Johnson, hope to meet 



CHAPTER LETTERS 43 

many new Alpha sisters at the convention. This will be Lambda's first con- 
vention and we are all looking anxiously forward to it. 

As our next number comes after the holidays, Lambda wishes her sisters 
a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year full of good luck. 

Gertrude C. Johnson. 

NU 

Nu wishes to thank all of her sisters for their cordial letters of welcome 
and their good wishes for the prospects of the ''new " chapter. 

It was with a feeling of pride that we gathered around the festal board 
on the eve of our installation and received the notes of congratulation and 
the flowers from the other fraternities. The tables were laden with good 
things, and the decorations of Alpha roses and carnations were very beau- 
tiful 

We feel especially fortunate in having as our patronesses Mrs. Thomas 
Burke and Mrs. A. S. Kerry, leaders in the social life of Seattle, and three 
prominent faculty leaders, Mrs. Edmund Meany, Mrs. F. W. Meisnest and 
Mrs. William Savery. Their entertainment and gifts of flowers and favors 
during installation week were much appreciated by the girls. 

We were sorry to lose Madie Willimann, Pearl Gilkey, Marion Schneider 
and EHsie Waddingham when they graduated at the end of the last semester, 
but the eleven girls who came back this term have proven most enthusiastic 
workers. 

During the summer we were busy preparing for the opening of our house 
this fall, but we did not fail to combine business with pleasure in "sewing 
bees" at the homes of the different girls. Lela Parker gave a lawn party 
at the b^inning of vacation. The lawns and verandas were hung with Jap- 
anese lanterns, and everyone had a delightful time. 

Just before college opened two jolly events took place. One was a gen- 
eral shower by our mothers and friends, the day we opened our house for the 
first time. Marion Wrigley, who visited us last week, brought us "the one 
thing needed "—a dear little gold clock, so now we feel quite ready for house- 
keeping. The other was a dance given by Ethel Latham at her charming 
home at Alki Point, overlooking the Soimd. The house was artistically dec- 
orated in festoons of hops, with fern bowers on the broad verandas. The 
programs were sunflowers with the dances on the petals. 

We have been very fortunate in securing as our chaperon, Miss Johnson. 
She is, at the time, the head of the Modem Language department of the 
Lincoln High School of Seattle. She studied music at Leipsic for several 
years and we feel that we have found in her that social grace and dignity 
and charming personality which wins the love and respect of all with whom 
she comes in contact. 

I'm sure you will want to know what our house is like. I just wish that 
all of you g^irls could see itr-it is so "homey" inside. Just come thru it 
with me and I know that you will want to live with us. Downstairs the 
wood- work and furniture match thruout in old mission style. With the 



44 ALPHA XI DELTA 

exception of the kitchen and the servant's room the whole lower floor is 
really one large room, for broad arches connect the hall, living room, library 
and dining room. A quaint stairway leads from the living room to the 
round hall up stairs, out of which seven pleasant sleeping-rooms open. 
A large open fire-place extends across one comer of the living room and a 
dear little cosy comer is built in another. Our chapter room and library is 
between the living room and the dining room— it now looks quite cosy decor- 
ated with our numerous pennants and emblems. Our twenty-six foot dining 
room is really our favorite room. It certainly looks very pretty in its mis- 
sion furnishings and soft brown tinting. A broad veranda extends across 
the front of the house, with doors onto it from the living room and the 
library. Climbing roses shield it from public view and make it a delightful 
rendezvous for us all. 

Since the beginning of school, it has been one round of parties for the 
girls we are rushing— and although we are quite tired, we feel amply repaid 
by the girls who are pledging themselves to Alpha Xi Delta, and hope, though 
"new," we may prove ourselves worthy of the quill we wear. 

On the evening of October 19th, the chapter conducted its first initiation. 
Our chapter house was prettily decorated with autumn leaves and flowers, 
and with the girls in their dainty dresses the effect was charming. Eight 
girls were admitted to our circle— Pearl Stimmel, '10 ; Florence Lucks, '10 ; 
Adelaide Fischer, '09; Alice Murchison, '10; Hazel Geisseman, '11; Mae 
McLachlan, '08 ; Rosalia McNamara, '11 ; and Dorothy Mason, '11. 

Several of our alumni were with us again and Mary Kay, Marian Wrig- 
ley and Mabel Spry were most welcome guests and helpers. After the intia- 
tion ceremony we had our banquet. 

Madie Willimann, the toastmistress, introduced the speakers with appro- 
priate words. The toasts given were : 

Our Reinforcements, Elsie Waddingham. 

"In proportion to their enthusiasm will be their strength.'*^ 

First Impressions, Mae McLachlan. 

"What every one asks for, and no one really wants, a candid opinion. " 

The Undergraduate, Frances Sanborn. 

"Father and mother pay all the bills and we have all the fun." 

Looking Forward, Lillian Esary. 

Across the Years, Marian Wrigley, A, '03. 

"Memory shows the light of other days." 

Impromptus— 

Home-Cooking, Pearl Gilkey, 

Our New Sisters, Adelaide Fischer. 

At the end of the toast progn^m, the engagement and approaching mar- 
riage of Miss Rosalia McNamara was charmingly announced by Mary Kay. 

We have set the date and invitations have been issued for the formal 
opening of our house, on Friday, November 15th. 

Frances M, Sanborn, 



CHAPTER LETTERS 45 

ALLIANCE ALUMN/E 

Alpha Xi Delta enjoyed a picnic at Myers Lake, Canton, during the sum- 
mer. A most delightful time was spent taking in the varied amusements of 
the grounds. 

Edith Taylor attended a house party for five days, near Mt. Pleasant, 
Ohio. 

Beulah Kirlin spent her vacation in Detroit, Mich., visiting friends. 

Miss Ora Carver of Alpha Chapter visited Gay Milboum a few days. 
During her visit Gay entertained the Alunmse and we were all glad to meet 
Miss Carver. 

We are sorry to lose Mary Kay from our Alunmse Chapter. Just before 
her departure for Seattle we gave a handkerchief shower in her honor and 
wished her success in her new work, for we know she will be just as enthu- 
siastic for Alpha Xi Delta in Nu Chapter as in Gamma. 

Mary Bracher visited one of the girls of Mu Chapter at Oberlin College 
recently. 

Anna and Elsie Jones spent their vacation at Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
visiting relatives, and while there they enjoyed the hospitality of Mu Chapter. 

We are glad to announce the marriage of Blanche Whitla to Frank E. 
Shaw, October 17th. They will reside in Alliance, so Blanche will still be 
able to attend Alunmse. 

We are glad to welcome Mrs. Leib, who arrived October 28th. She is 
being entertained by Etta Bates, and on October 29th a Panhellenic recep- 
tion will be given in her honor at the home of Edith and Mary Taylor. 
Several of the old girls are also expected to attend. 

Several of our girls intend going to Morgantown to the convention, 
among whom are, Beulah Kirlin, Anna and Elsie Jones, Effie Halles and 
Mary Taylor. 

Grace Newhouse spent the summer with her sister in Washington. 

Ada Powell is teaching in Akron this year, hence we miss her from 
Alumnse. _ _ Mary Taylor. 

BOSTON ALUMN/E 

The Boston Alunmse sends best wishes for a happy and successful year 
to all its Alpha sisters. 

The annual Rockport house party was held early in the summer and the 
Alpha girls who found it possible to attend had the usual good time. 

The first Boston Chapter meeting of the year was held at the pretty new 
home of Grace Carleton Mansfield in Wakefield. It seemed good to meet 
the girls again after the summer separation, especially when so pleasantly 
entertained. 

Lena Abbe, '01, has left her position as teacher in the Salem High school 
and has taken a similar position in Gloucester. 

Marion MacQuinn Thomas, '01, of Minneapolis, came last June. The 
Boston Alphas were delighted to see her and to welcome her into their field* 

In June, Julia Gibbs Adams, '03, took a trip to New York, Philadelphia 



46 ALPHA XI DELTA 

and Washington. On her way she visited Wilson College at Chambersbuig, 
Pennsylvania. She says that it is a splendid woman's college and that there 
are several secret societies but none of them are national. She thinks it is 
a very good field for our sorority. 

We are sorry indeed to hear of the death of Julia's father whom we 
know had become exceptionally dear to her because of the patient care she 
had taken of him during his long illness. 

Olive Ryan, '03, is teaching Latin in Westerly, Rhode Island. 

Georgianna Clark, '04, and Irena Crawford, '07, are both teaching in the 
North Chelmsford High school. 

Gussanda Countway, '04, has gone to Helena, Montana, where she is to 
teach this winter. 

The storks visited Mertie Crowell Saunders, '04, this sununer, bringing 
her a baby daughter. 

Betsey Harmon, '04, is spending the winter at her home in Adams. 

We are sorry to lose as active a member of our chapter as Alice Cum- 
mings, '04, who has accepted a position of teacher in Washington, D. C. 

Florence McCoy is spending the winter at home and we are all delighted 
to have her so near Boston this year. 

Wilmah Marshall is teaching in the High school at Hardwick, Vt. 

Early in the summer, Alice Edwards, '06, visited Montreal. On return- 
ing she entered Hikox Shorthand school where she is still studying. 

Phebe Johnson, '06, is the librarian in the Leicester Public Library. 

Laila Nye has finished her course at Bryant and Stratton Commercial 
College and is now Secretary to the President of the Home Savings Bank, 
Boston. 

Last June, Ruth Sibley, '06, was graduated from the course in Library 
Science at Simmons College and is now in the Art Library at Wellesley 
College. 

Geraldine Douglas, '07, has accepted a position as teacher of Music and 
German in a private school in Connecticut. 

Persis Hannah, '07, has entered on her career as a journalist and we are 
all very proud of her success. 

Marion Ome is taking the course at Bryant and Stratton Commercial 
Collie. 

Eleanor Ladd, '08, has left college and is with an insurance firm in 
Boston. 

Nellie Kimball, '09, is learning the intricate lesson of house keeping at 
the Kimball's lovely new home in Newton. 

Beth Nash, '09, whose home is now in Los Angeles, has entered Leland 

Stanford University. 

Rath A. Sibley y Boston Alumnx, 



PERSONALS 



ALPHA 

Mrs. Jessie Walker Watson is visiting in Galesburg. 

Miss Elvelyn Oleen of Chicago visited in Galesburg for a few days during 
September. 

A little daughter was bom to Mr. and Mrs. Murray T. Bruner, May 9. 

Alpha has enjoyed visits from Eklna Epperson and Maude Andrews of 
Rio lately. 

Miss Gertrude Rich has moved to Los Angeles, California. 

Miss Mabel Irwin spent the summer vacation visiting points of interest 
in Florida. 

Bom June 10, a daughter to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas McRae, Jr. 

Miss Eldith Miller is reported very ill with typhoid fever at Pueblo, Colo. 

Mr. John Andrews and Miss Grace Schnur were married August 21. 
They will reside at Long^ont, Colo., where the groom is a promising young 
physician. 

Miss Mabel Irwin left October 15 for Cincinnati where she will join her 
mother and go from there to Philadelphia and Morgantown. 

The marriage of Miss Eklna Epperson and Mr. Harry Brinkman will 
take place October 26. They will make their future home in Chicago. The 
Alpha Chapter girls will miss her very much but wish the young couple all 
happiness in their new home. 

Bom September 14, to Mr. and Mrs. T. C. Kimble, a daughter. 

Mabel Hendel was called home to attend the sad funeral of Mrs. George 
Thompson of Colchester, 111., mother of our dear sister, Alleen Thompson. 

Miss Marion Wrigley has been visiting in Seattle, Washington. 



BETA 

Miss Ellen Ball attended the ** Supreme National Convention '' P. E. 0. 
at Brookfieid, Mo., October 14-15. 

We are more than delighted to have Mrs. Florence Currier-Stephens 
with us again this year. She is now moving into her new home on North 
Broadway. 

Miss Alice Babb is attending school at Northwestern this year. She is 
greatly missed by her Beta sisters and we all hope that she will decide to 
make Iowa Wesleyan her ''Alma Mater." 

Miss Mabel Lauer is attending school at Oklahoma University this year. 



48 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Mrs. Galer is with us again this year. She is slightly improved in health 
but we all hope that she will soon regain her former health. 

Luella Hightshoe is teaching in Sturgis, S. Da., Ina Duncan in Toledo 
and Stella Bamett in Morning Sea, la. All three of the girls were "Sen- 
iors " last year. Louise Brady, Sec*y, 



GAMMA 

We very much miss Nellie Hawkins who on account of her mother's ill- 
ness was unable to be in school. We are expecting her back for the winter 
term. 

Marie Riker spent ten days this summer at the Central Conference of 
Y. W. C. A. at Geneva, Wis. While there she met some Alpha girls from 
other chapters. 

Nellie Campbell is living with her sister this year and attending Allegheny 
College at Meadville, Pa. 

Olive Bracher has come back to us and expects to graduate. 



DELTA 

Delta began the year with eight girls to take up the responsibilities 
which the fall term always brings. Sorority material was not abundant in 
Bethany this year, but we are proud to be able to introduce to you four new 
sisters : Miss Dolly Houston, of Moundsville, W. Va. ; Miss Letha Maddon, 
of Hebron, 0.; Miss Edith Mercer, of Randolph, 0.; Miss Mary Lewis, of 
Bethany, W. Va. 

Last commencement added four more to the list of alumnae, three of 
whom are teaching. Eunice Orrison is teaching her home school at Morris- 
town, 0. ; Efiie Bishoff is also in her home school at Rankin, Pa., and Bertha 
Kleeberger in the Preparatory department of Bethany College. 

Delta announces the engagement of Helen Tinsley, '07, to Mr. F. C. 
McMillan, of Cleveland, We offer our sister the heartiest congratulations. 

Mavis Hudson is enjoying university life at Cornell this year. 

Anna Mary Kemp, '06, our Soror in Facultate of last year, is spending 
the year at her home in Mansfield, 0. 

Edith Justice, '06, is taking a course in one of the hospitals in Cleveland, 
0., to become a nurse. 

Elizabeth Carson, '06, and Muriel Scott, '05, were among the almnnse to 
attend the Alpha Xi Delta convention. 

Eunice Orrison, '07, spent Sunday with the Delta girls a short time ago. 
It seemed like old times to have her back with us again. 

Elizabeth Gatts, the President of our Y. W. C. A., was unable to return 
this term, but we are looking forward to having her with us ag^ain after the 
holidays. 

Miss Mary Gray spent Sunday recently at her home in Pittsburg, Pa. 

Mary Gentry Comett, Anne Smith, Mabel Mercer and Helen Marshall 
spent the Sunday following the convention at Helen's home in Pittsburg, Pa. 



PERSONALS 49 

EPSILON 

Helen Tarbell is President of the Senior class. 

Mai^eraret Miller was one of U. S. D.'s delegates to the Y. W. C. A. con- 
vention held in Cascade, Colo., in August. Margaret is Vice-President of 
the local Y. W. C. A. this year. 

LaciUe Camerer is "holding down " a claim in Stanley County. She will 
return later in the year to take up her college work. 

Alice Brenne is teaching in Sioux City, Iowa, this year. 

Mabel Richardson, who graduated from the University of Illinois Library 
school, spent the summer in Seattle as assistant in the Ubrary of the State 
University of Washington. She returned to Vermilion in September to take 
charge of the University library. Birdie Richardson has been appointed as 
her assistant. 

Deborah Slocum was winner of the gold medal given by Dean Grabill of 
the College of Music for highest excellence in that department during the 
year 1906-7. Deborah has not returned to school as yet, but we hope to 
have her with us later in the year. 

Recent pledges to Epsilon are Grace Sanborn, Marion Williams, Mabelle 
Eastman and Sarah Sewall. 



ZETA 

Zeta has no Seniors this year because her one Senior after her winter's 
illness has entered the Junior class. 

Edith Smith, Hazel Wright and Clara Domblaser are Juniors and try 
very hard to keep up the dignity of the chapter. 

Edith Smith was in Detroit this summer, spending her vacation. 

Clara Domblaser spent two weeks in Chicago and Wilmette, 111., after 
which she spent ten days at the Y. W. C. A. conference at Williamsbay, 
Wis. While there she met several Alpha girls. 

Lillian Seybold spent her vacation in Columbus, Ohio. 

Leta Condit reports a very pleasant visit in Illinois. While there she 
met several Alpha girls. 

ETA 

Those initiated into the mystic circle of Alpha Xi Delta were Theodora 
Bothwell, Haasel Slaten, Elthel Carling, Mabel Dumm, Helen Rosa and Laura 
Tobin, all Freshmen. Besides these new sisters. Eta is glad to announce 
one pledge— EHizabeth Tucker. 

Eta is proud of the good record of her 1907 Seniors. Out of the ten 
Phi Beta Kappas awarded, Martha Hutchings took the first place while Net- 
tie Britton held the third. Dora Baker had a "Cum Laude." 

Eidith Lawrence, '07, is teaching in the Normal Music Course at the 
Teachers' College. 

Hazel Slaten has been elected Secretary of the Freshman class. 



50 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Eva Elliott is pledged to Eta Pi Upsilon, the Senior woman's society 
here. 

Dora Baker, '07, is teaching at Roelyn, Long Island, and Nettie Britton, 
'07, is at Tupper Lake, N. Y. 

Dora Lockwood, '06, has accepted a position to teach at Portville, N. Y., 
while Grace Fox, '06, is at Fulton. Elizabeth Loetzer, '06, is at Bingham- 
ton and Gertrude Wright, '06, is at Great Neck, Long Island. 

Laura Weller, '05, and Louise Weller, '06, are both teaching in New 
Jersey. 

Bertha Cleveland, '05, Grace Fox, '06, Elizabeth Loetzer, '06, and her 
sister. Rose Loetzer, were with us for initiation. 



THETA 

Signe Ravn, '10, is spending a year in Christiana, Norway, studying 
music and languages. She will return next fall and resume her work at the 
imiversity. 

Marion Ryan, '06, and Agnes Ravn, '06, returned September 15 from 
their summer abroad. 

Una Reardon and Florence McRae, both 'lO's, are studying at Milwaukee 
Downer College this year. 

Theta's '07 members are located as follows : Nellie Angell, Gladstone, 
Mich.: Georgie Chave, Colby, Wis.; Elizabeth E2rb, Waterloo, Wis.; Ruth 
Ehem, River Falls, Wis. 

Louise Erb, '08, our delegate to the convention, will be accompanied by 
Ruth Strong, '09. 

Theta will give her informal party at Keeley's on January 18. 

We are occupying our new lodge on the comer of University and Murray 
streets and are well pleased with our new location. 

Nanna Hough, '09, received a silver loving cup for the highest average 
score in bowling. 

Elizabeth Erb, '07, who is teaching at Waterloo, comes in every Saturday 

to study elocution in the university. 

Winifred Ryan, Cor. See'y. 



IOTA 

Mary Cooper, one of our Seniors, spent the vacation at her home in 
Tennessee. She visited the Watkins sisters in Grafton, both going home 
and coming back to school. 

Professor Atkeson and family enjoyed the summer in their coimtry 
home, "Laundale," at Buffalo, W. Va. 

Mabel Weaver visited Elizabeth Sadler during vacation, and also spent 
several days with friends in Fairmont. 

Lillian Smith visited friends in Charlestown, W. Va., and Washington, 
D. C, this simimer. She also spent several days with the Watkins g^irls in 
Grafton. 



PERSONALS 51 

Mabel Weavur is personal editor of the "Athenaeum" this year. 

Ethel Green, a Senior, taught in the Fairmont public schools several 
weeks, substituting for one of the teachers who was abroad. 

Crystal Courtney has been elected Secretary of the Junior class. 

Nancy Coplin, who taught in the Manning^ton High school last year, is 
again in school. 

Crystal Courtney has been to Pittsburg several times, having her eyes 
treated. 

NU 

Bess Underwood, Theta, who was with us last year, and won all our 
hearts to Alpha Xi Delta, has returned to her home at Boise, Idaho. We 
miss our " Queen Bess " greatly, and wish she were here to join us in our rush- 
ing frolics in our new home. 

Madie Williman, our beloved president of the local Sigma Alpha Sigma, 
is teaching at Kirkland. 

Pearl Gilkey, who graduated last term, has a splendid position at 
Anacortes. 

Marion Schneider, one of our most enthusiastic workers, is teaching at 
Centralia High school. 

Grace Newhouse, Gamma, visited us this summer. We met her at a 
most delightful evening at the home of Lela Parker, and only regretted that 
our absence from home for part of the sunmier, and our work for the new 
house, kept us from seeing more of her. 

Mabel Richardson, Epsilon, was assistant librarian at the University of 
Washington during summer school. 

We feel especially fortunate this term in having with us Mary Emily 
Kay, gn^and secretary of Alpha Xi Delta. We all love her dearly and hope 
that her stay with us may be prolonged. 

Marion Wrigley, Alpha, was the guest of Mary Kay at one of our in- 
formal dances. We found her most charming, and wish that we could per- 
suade her to take some post-graduate work at the university, 

Elsie Waddingham, '07, who graduated last term with honors in zoology, 
has been with us at our rushing parties this term. 

Five of our girls. Myrtle Parr, Lela Parker, Mary Smith, May Cham- 
bers and Frances Sanborn, and one of our pledges, Adelaide Fischer, were 
guests of the Alpha Tau Omega's for two weeks at their camp at Firlock, 
(m Lake Washington. 

Mabel Spry, Beta, is teaching in Seattle, and has been our guest at many 
affairs this term. Frances M. Sanborn, 



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Commencement Invitations 

and Class Day Programs 

DAJ<CB PROGRAMS AND INVITATIONS MBNU8 

CLASS AND PRATBRNITY INSBRTS FOR ANNUA.!^ 
CI^ASS AND PRATBRNITY STATIONBRT 

CLASS PINS AND MBDAL8 (Write for Cataloffu*) 

CALLING CARDS (SPBCIAL OPPBR TO STUDBNTS) 




DURING 1906 we made teveral improvements in 
the Official Pins and Jewelry Novelties. This 
fall we have added an entire line of the smaller size 
Pins, as weU as a handsome new Pearl Pin in both 
designs. Also some new pieces of jewelry. Our illus- 
trated list has been unavoidably delayed on account 
of delay in returning samples. However, it will be 
ready in three or four weeks, and will be mailed to all 
members. It wiU interest you, we know. 

Two sample lines will be started to the various 
Chapters shortly and reach all as quickly as posrible 

Soliciting your continued favor, we are yours 
for A — A 



WILBUR, LANPHEAR CO., - GALESBURG, ILL. 



Official Organ of the Alpha Xi Delta Sorority 

Edited and Published by Eta Chapter, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 
Office of Publication, 716 Irving Avenue, Syracuse, New York 



NOVEMBER FEBRUARY MAY AUGUST 



TABLE OP CONTENTS 

Potinden of Alpha Xi Delta 64 

Chapters ** ** " •* 64 

The Pratemity Directory 66 

Annoiuicemeiit 66 

History of Alpha Chapter of Alpha Xi Delta, 1908-1908 67 

The University of Minnesota 60 

Report of Sixth Inter-Sorority Conference 61 

Toast siren by Louise Brb at Morgantown Convention 72 

Delta Gamma 74 

The Retnm of Spring 76 

An Old Landmark 76 

A Glimpse of "Dorm" Life at the University of Washing^ton 77 

Constitution of the Pan-Hellenic Association of the University of Illinois 80 

An Barly Breakfast 82 

A Minstrel Show 82 

Brcry Day Council 84 

Bditorials 88 

Bzchanipes 90 

Some American CoUesfe Boys 93 

Chapter Letters 101 

Personals 109 

Advertisements 116, 117. 118 

Subscription Price .' $l.oo per year, paycAk in advance 

Alpha Xi Delts Is published In November. February, May and Augvst by the Alpha XI Delta Sorority. 

Alpha Xi Delta will be sent to all subscribers until ordered discontinued and arrearages paid, as 
required by law. 

Exchanges are requested to send one copy to each of the following: Mrs. S. R. McKean. New- 
berry. Pa.; Gertrude E. Wright. Ogdensburg, N. Y.; Mrs. J. R. Leib. 1271 West Washington 
Street. Springfield. 111., and Mary E. Kay. 4629 Brooklyn Avenue. N. E.. Seattle. Wash. 

Address all communications to the EdItor-in-Chlef. Martha Hutchings-McKban, Newberry. Pa. 



SYRACUSE. N.Y.: 
E. M. Grover. Printer and Binder. 
1908. 



Saybrook, 111. 

Quincy, HI. 

. Lc Roy, 111. 

Monmouth, 111. 



FOUNDERS OF ALPHA XI DELTA 

Lombard College, Galesburg, III., April ly, I8g3 

Hattib McCullum-Gossow (Mrs. C. W. E.) Wichita, Kans. 
*Frances Cheney .... 

Almira Cheney .... 

Lucy W. Gilmer .... 

Eliza Curtis Everton (Mrs. J. L.) 

Bertha Cook-Evans (Mrs.Orrin C.) 

Maud Foster . 700 E. Fourteenth St., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Louie Strong Taylor (Mrs. E. A.) Park City, Utah. 

Cora Bollinger-Block (Mrs. Louis) 

1416 Rock Island St., Davenport, la. 

Alice Bartlett-Bruner (Mrs. Murray T.) 
203 Fifth St., Aurora, 111. 

* Deceased. 

CHAPTERS OF ALPHA XI DELTA 

A/pAa— Lombard College Galesburg, 111. 

Beta—Iowa Wesleyan University Mt. Pleasant, la. 

GHmma—Mt. Union College Alliance, O. 

Z^e/ta— Bethany College .... Bethany, W. Va. 

Epsilon — University of South Dakota Vermillion, S. Dak. 

2eta— Wittenberg College Springfield, O. 

Eta — Syracuse University, .... Syracuse, N. Y. 

TAeta— University of Wisconsin Madison, Wis. 

Iota— University of West Virginia . Morgantown, W. Va. 
Kappa — ^University of Illinois .... Champaign, 111. 

Lambda—Tufts College Boston, Mass. 

Mu — University of Minnesota . Minneapolis, Minn. 

iVu— University of Washington Seattle, Wash. 

Alliance Alumnae Alliance, O. 

Mt. Pleasant Alumnae .... Mt. Pleasant, la. 
Boston Alumnae Boston, Mass. 



HISTORY OF ALPHA CHAPTER 
OF ALPHA XI DELTA. 

1893-1908. 



Alpha chapter of Alpha Xi Delta, was founded at Lombard 
College, Galesburg, Illinois, April the seventeenth, 1893, by 
girls, namely: Hattie McCullum Gossow, Alice Bartlett 
Bruner, Cora Bollinger Block, Lonie Strong Taylor, Maude 
Foster, Bertha Cook Evans, Eliza Curtis Everton, Lucy H. 
Gilmer, Almira Cheney, and Frances Cheney. 

The first officers were : 

President — Cora Bollinger. 
Vice-President — Lucy Gilmer. 
Secretary — ^Almira Cheney. 
Treasurer^— Lonie Strong. 
Chaplain — Frances Cheney. 
Historian — Hattie McCullum. 
Marshal — Bertha Cook. 

Alpha Xi Delta was a local organization for ten years, dur- 
ing which time she maintained her number and felt little or no 
drawback fi-om the fact of non-nationality. 

It would naturally be expected that the fact of being local 
would necessitate very hard rushing, the only competitor, Pi 
Beta Phi, being a national and having been established at 
Lombard since 1872. 

The girls of Alpha chapter were ambitious to become na- 
tional and in the years 1902-1903, strenuous efforts were put 
forth in that direction. Too much cannot be said in com- 
mendation of those girls who so diligently persevered for the 
cause of the national Alpha Xi Delta! In this attempt the 
girls were very much aided by Delta Theta of Sigma Nu, and to 
the young men of this chapter Alpha Xi Delta is very much 
indebted. 



THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA 



The University of Minnesota was first organized in 1851 ; it 
was reorganized, however, in 1868 and dates its actual begin- 
ning from that year. 

The University grounds cover about forty-five acres com- 
manding a beautifnl view of the Falls of St. Anthony and the 
city of Minneapolis. There are twenty-four buildings on the 
campus, including a new woman's building, called Alice Schev- 
lin Hall, well equipped for every convenience of the college girl ; 
also a new main building which has been built to replace the 
old one which burned down about five years ago, crippling us 
considerably and making the six-day system necessary. 

There are numerous literary societies in the Academic De- 
partment: The Forum, Castalian, Minerva, Hermean and 
Arena. There are also the Dramatic, Glee, Euterpean and 
various other clubs of like nature. 

There are eight Greek letter sororities and seventeen aca- 
demic fraternities, besides eight professional and the two hon- 
orary fraternities, the Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi. 

President Northrup is at the head of this large institution 
which in size is second in the United States. 




New Main Buildinti. I'nivt^rsity of Minnesota 




New Woman's Building, fnivi-rsily of Min 




Pillsbury Hall. I niversily of Min 



REPORT OF SIXTH INTER-SORORITY 

CONFERENCE 



The Sixth Inter-Sorority Conference met Friday, September 
13, 3 p. m., for its first session, with Miss Holcombe. Chi 
Omega, in the chair. Miss Elda L. Smith, Pi Beta Phi, acted 
as secretary. 

The following delegates, after presenting credentials, were 
enrolled : 

Pi Bbta Phi.— Miss Elda L. Smith, 710 So. Sixth St., Spring- 
field, lU. 

Kappa Alpha Theta.— Mrs. Laura H. Norton 2541 No. 
Panlina St., Chicago. 

Kappa ICappa Gamma.— Mrs. W. W. Canby, Galice, Oregon. 

Delta Gamma.— Miss Margarethe Sheppard, 225 Green- 
wood BonlcYard, Evanston, 111. 

Alpha Phi.— Mrs. Cora Allen McElroy, 153 East 54th St., 
Chicago. 

Gamma Phi Beta.— Miss Lillian Thompson, 326 West 61st 
Place, Chicago. 

Alphi Chi Omega.- Mrs. Richard Tennant, 854 South 5th 
St.. Terre Haute, Ind. 

Delta Delta Delta.— Mrs. Amy Olgen Parmelee, 918 
Chase Ave., Chicago. 

Alphi Xi Delta.— Mrs. J. R. Leib, 1271 West Washington 
St., Springfield, 111. 

Chi Omega.— Miss Jobelle Holcombe, Fayetteville, Ark. 

Sigma Kappa.— Miss Sara B. Mathews, 297 Ashland Boule- 
Tardy Chicago. 

Alpha Omicron Pi.— Mrs. C.G. Bigelow, 1321 Monroe St., 
Chicago. 

The secretary read a summary of the work of the five Inter- 
Sorority Conferences prepared by Miss Gamble for the use of 
new delegates. Miss Holcombe read her report as secretary 



62 ALPHA XI DELTA 

ofthel. S. C. Her summary of the year's achievements fol- 
lows : 

After the close of the Fifth I. S. C. 1000 copies of the minutes 
were printed and circulated, with 500 copies of the model con- 
stitution for Pan-Hellenics. Later 800 copies of the report of 
the delegate to the Deans' Conference were printed and circula- 
ted. The secretary took the liberty to divide into two motions 
the resolution against high school sororities. It was made to 
read 

Motion I. Resolved y That sororities in high schools and 
other secondary schools should be discouraged. 

Motion n. Moved that after four years from date of notifi- 
cation by Grand Presidents, each Soeority in the Inter-Sorority 
Conference refuse to admit any young woman who has been a 
member of a sorority in a high school or secondary school. 

Voting blanks were sent to all Grand Secretaries and a vote 
called for. The secretary delayed in calling for the result of the 
vote in order that the subject might be fully discussed in the 
journals before final action was taken. The result of the vote 
occurs elsewherse in this report. 

The dispensations to Wisconsin and to Michigan, as recom- 
mended by the Fifth I. S. C. were ratified by the Grand Presi- 
dents. 

The secretary was asked to investigate the law concerning 
the making and wearing of jewelry by unauthorized persons. 
She did much corresponding on the subject, and is indebted to 
Wright Kay Sl Co., Detroit, Mich., for an extensive article 
taken fi-om the Beta Theta Pi Journal. From it a conclusion is 
reached that there is no law that covers the question. The 
jewelers think such a law would be hard to enforce. 

The secretary wishes to emphasize the importance of send- 
ing the various sorority journals to the secretary of I. S. C. 
Some journals reached here promptly, but from some editors no 
copies were received. Complaint was made to her that the 
grand officers also did not receive the exchanges. 

The chairman appointed a committee on recommendations, 
Mrs. Parmelee and Mrs. Canby. 

Reports were read fi-om all twelve sororities composing the 



SIXTH INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCE 63 

I. S. C. The reports considered : (a) Conflicts and difficulties 
arising in Pan-Hellenics; (b) Attitude of sorority on high 
school sororities ; (c) All convention action bearing upon the 
Conference or Inter-Sorority relations; (d) Recommendations 
to the Conference; (e) Suggestions for improvement of Pan- 
Hellenic organizations. 

The remainder of the session was spent in a discussion of 
the exact meaning and wording of the I. S. C. Constitution. To 
facilitate matters, the chair appointed Mrs. Leib, Miss Math- 
ews and Mrs. Norton to act as a committee to examine the 
present tentative constitution and receive all recommendations 
suggested. 

Adjourned. 

INTBR-SORORITY CONFBRBNCB, SBCOND SBSSION. 

This session convened Saturday, September 14, at 9:30 a.m., 
and was given up to reports of committees. Alpha Phi, who 
had been appointed to investigate conditions at Michigan Uni- 
versity , reported a decided advance in Pan-Hellenic spirit there. 
The chairman of I. S. C. is authorized to send word to each 
chapter at Michigan University that the dispensation recom- 
mended by I. S. C. and granted by the Grand Presidents expires 
September 23. In addition, each delegate is to send word to 
her Grand President to so notify her chapter at Michigan. The 
I. S. C. extends a vote of thanks to Mrs. Woodward for her 
efforts towards adjusting the difficulties at Michigan. 

The Kappa Kappa Gamma delegate reported the result of 
her study of conditions at Wisconsin University. Mention was 
made of the meeting of Madison women, who adopted resolu- 
tions advocating moderation in social affairs. Kappa Kappa 
Gamma was continued as a standing committee for the same 
study a year longer, and Mrs. Canby was asked to express to 
the Pan-Hellenic of Madison the approval by I. S. C. of the 
improvement there. The chairman of I. S. C. was ordered to 
notify the Pan-Hellenic at Wisconsin that her dispensation 
expires at the seventh I. S. C, 1908. 

The difficulties experienced at Syracuse were discussed, and 
Mm. McElroy and Miss Thompson were appointed a com- 



64 ALPHA XI DELTA 

mittee to work through their Grand Councils towards an 
adjustment. 

Mrs. Tennant read her report on Social Service and Pan- 
Hellenics. She reported that lists of four questions had been 
sent to each sorority visiting delegate, and to a few persons 
identified with colleges in such a way as to make their state- 
ments valuable. Prom the replies she obtained the following 
facts : 

1. Where Pan-Hellenic compacts have been agreed upon and 
then dishonored, in every case, without exception, the trouble 
has centered in a small selfishness that has justly brought criti- 
cism on the entire sorority body. There has been no care for 
•*the greatest good to the greatest number,** and apparently 
no realization that principle should stand before individual 
preference. On the other hand, where an earnest attempt has 
been made to follow a Pan-Hellenic agreement, snobbishness to 
a large extent is dying out, as a consequence of a more intelli- 
gent understanding of each other's motives and standards; 
certain evils, such as the large expsnse connected with "rush- 
ing," are acknowledged; and a strong current is setting in the 
direction of alma mater first, fraternity, if necessary, second. 

2. The sorority ^girl finds her social needs very adequately 
met in her own group, consequently she does not really <iee the 
need of identifying herself with Women's Leagues and Y. W. C. 
A. "Noblesse oblige — noble birth implies responsibility." We 
believe the sorority was bom rightly, and to recognize her 
own powers is the present responsibility. 

3. There is a rapidly growing sentiment of kindliness 
toward the non-fraternal student. 

There is an earnest expression against the evils of rushing— 
over elaborateness of entertainment, neglect of regular college 
work, and unwarranted expenditures. 

A committee consisting of Miss Thompson and Miss Math- 
ews was appointed with two purposes: (a) to reprint the 
Pan-Hellenic Model Constitution, appending to it the various 
recommendations for the serious consideration of Pan-Hellenic 
associations; and (b) to collect during the year a copy of the 
Pan-Hellenic rules from each association, these rules to be in- 



SIXTH INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCE 65 

corporated in a pamphlet for the instruction of Pan-Hellenic 
associations, and for printing in each of the Sorority journals. 

Miss Smith was appointed to draw up a letter to be sent to 
alumnae clubs, telling them of the purpose of I. S. C, and urg- 
ing their assistance in solving local Pan-Hellenic difficulties. 

Mrs. Tennant was asked to make a summary of her report, 
to be included in this letter. 

For the benefit of girls living in sorority houses, Mrs. Ten- 
nant will have a list of women who might be obtained as 
chaperones. 

The Conference considered the application for membership in 
I. S. C. from Alpha Delta Phi Sorority, and instructed the 
chairman to inform them that they do not meet the require- 
ments for membership. 

Adjourned. 

INTKR-SORORITY CONFERENCE, THIRD SESSION. 

After the annual luncheon of the I. S. C. delegates, the Con- 
ference convened in third session at 2 p. m. 

Mrs. Lieb gave the report of the committee appointed to 
modify the wording of the constitution, making it read as fol- 
lows: 

CONSTITUTION. 

ARTICLE I.— Name. 

The name of this organization shall be the Intbr-Sorority 
Conference. 

ARTICLE n.— Object. 

The object of the Inter-Sorority Conference shall be to im- 
prove the methods of rushing and pledging, and to consider 
questions of general interest to the Sorority world. 

ARTICLE III.— Organization. 

The Conference shall be composed of one delegate from each 
national Sorority represented. 

ARTICLE IV.— Eligibility to Membership. 

No Sorority shall be represented in the Conference which has 
less than five chapters, or which has any chapter in an institu- 
tion below collegiate rank. 



66 ALPHA XI DELTA 

ARTICLE V.—Mketings. 

The Conference shall assemble annually, time and place of 
the following meeting to be arranged each year. 

ARTICLE VI.— Calling of Mebtings. 

Section 1.— The meetings of the Conference shall be called 
by the Sororities in rotation. 

Sec. 2. The official list shall be : 

1. Pi Beta Phi. 

2. Kappa Alpha Theta. 

3. Kappa Kappa Gamma. 

4. Delta Gamma. 

5. Alpha Phi. 

6. Gamma Phi Beta. 

7. Alpha Chi Omega. 

8. Delta Delta Delta. 

9. Alpha Xi Delta. 

10. Chi Omega. 

11. Sigma Kappa. 

12. Alpha Omicron Pi. 

Sec. 3. Additions to official list shall be made in order of 
election to membership. 

Sec. 4. The delegate from the Sorority calling the Confer- 
ence shall act as chairman, and the delegate from the Sorority 
next in order shall act as secretary of the Conference, and shall 
continue in office until she calls the next Conference. 

ARTICLE Vn.—PowERS. 

The powers of this organization shall be two-fold : First, to 
propose legislation to the Sororities; second, to act tipon re- 
quest as a standing court of appeal to settle local difficulties 
reported to it by the Sororities, or by the Pan-Hellenic Associa- 
tion. 

ARTICLE VIII.— Duties of Officers. 

Section 1. Chairman: The chairman shall preside at the 
meetings. 

Sec. 2. Secretary: The duties of the secretary shall be as 
follows : 

She shall keep the minutes. 

She shall send reports of the Conference, within two weeks 



SIXTH INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCE 67 

after adjournment, to the members of the Conference and to 
all Grand Secretaries of the Sororities represented in the Con- 
ference, for distribution to chapters and oflScers of their 
Sororities. 

She shall issue questions proposed by the Conference to the 
Grand Secretaries for presentation to their Sororities and shall, 
upon receipt of the result, send notice of same to all Grand 
Secretaries. 

She shall report all measures of Inter-Sorority interest passed 
by any Grand Council, or by any convention, at once to the 
Conference. 

She shall send to each Grand Secretary voting blanks for all 
motions submitted to the Sororities by the Conterence. 

She shall prepare the program of the next Conference meeting 
and the instructions to delegates, and shall issue the call for the 
next meeting. 

She shall have power, on application from any Pan-Hellenic 
Association, to appoint a member of the Conference whose 
Sorority interests are not involved in the question at issue, to 
investigate and arbitrate any difficulty arising in the Pan- 
Hellenic. Expenses of the one sent are to be paid by the local 
Pan-Hellenic. 

ARTICLE IX.— Methods of Procedure. 

Section 1. Actions of Inter-Sorority interest passed by any 
Grand Council or at any Grand Convention shall be reported at 
once to the secretary of the Conference, and also to the Grand 
Secretary of each Sorority represented in the Conference. 

Sec. 2. Suggestions oflFered by the Conference shall be sub- 
mitted as soon as possible by the secretary to all the Grand 
Secretaries of the Sororities represented in the Conference. 
Voting blanks may be used for all motions submitted to the 
Sororities, and the result of the vote announced by each Grand 
Secretary to the secretary of the Conference within two months. 

Sec. 3. The Conference secretary shall then announce the 
result to all Grand Councils and chapters. The motions that 
have received a unanimous vote of all the Sororities shall at 
once become binding upon all chapters, the Grand Councils 
being responsible for the observance. 

ARTICLE X. —Legislation. 

Legislation enacted by a Sorority at the suggestion of the 
Conference can be repealed or modified only by formal action of 



68 ALPHA XI DELTA 

the Sororities, who must follow the regular order of procedure 
(Art. IX) . Legislation cannot be changed by any one Sorority, 
or by the Inter-Sorority Conference. 

ARTICLE XI.— Amendments. 

The constitution may be amended by a unanimous vote of 
all the Sororities represented in the Inter-Sorority Conference. 

On balloting, each delegate voted in favor of adopting the 
constitution as presented, with the exception of Alpha Omicron 
Pi, who had not yet been instructed by her sorority. 

In reporting the result of the vote on the High School Soror- 
ity question. Miss Holcombe announced that Motion I (that 
sororities in high schools and other secondary schools be dis- 
countenanced) had carried every sorority except Alpha Omicron 
Pi, who had been unable to give a definite vote, since the voting 
blanks did not reach her. Her delegate, however, reported that 
she concurred in Motion I. The vote on Motion II was not 
unanimous with the eleven fraternities heard from. 

A motion was carried that a protest be formulated and sent 
to Mrs. Martin and Mr. Baird, asking them to use their influ- 
ence against high school sororities, by inserting articles against 
these organizations in the next editions of their books. The 
editors of the diflFerent sorority magazines are urged in each 
issue to include articles discouraging high school sororities, and 
to omit all articles encouraging them. 

The committee on recommendations made its report, which 
included all recommendations submitted by the various dele- 
gates in their reports. 

The recommendation was adopted that in case of granting 
a dispensation, each Grand President shall notify the secretary 
of the I. S. C, who shall send official notification to the Pan- 
Hellenic asking the dispensation. 

The I. S. C. recommends that the report of the Commissioner 
of Education be made the basis for the definition of **an institu- 
tion below collegiate rank." (See Constitution, Art. IV.) 

The Conference recommends that Deans of Women be en- 
couraged to present to the I. S. C. matters of interest to college 
women. 



SIXTH INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCE 69 

The Conference authorized the secretary to have printed 
blanks whose use will lessen the difficulty in securing united 
action among the different sororities. 

The Sixth Inter-Sorority Conference desires to emphasize in 
the report the request that the editors of sorority magazines 
exercise more care in sending exchanges to the grand officers of 
other sororities, and in sending them promptly. The recom- 
mendation that fraternity journals be sent to all chapters in 
colleges where the respective sororities are represented, was re- 
considered, and the editors are now requested to send but one 
copy to each college where represented, this copy to be sent to 
the secretary of the Pan-Hellenic association. 

Some music schools in universities where college sororities 
have chapters have entrance requirements lower than the liter- 
ary colleges. The delegates discussed the right to initiate stu- 
dents in these music schools, but found no satisfactory solution 
for the problem. 

The report of the committee on Pan-Hellenic recommenda- 
tions was accepted. (For (a) see part H.) 

Alpha Phi announced that their sorority had succeeded in 
copyrighting their badge. 

A motion carried that each sorority be assessed $5.00 for 
Inter-Sorority Conference expenses. 

The Conference adjourned to meet in September, 1908. 

Elda L. Smith, Pi Beta Phi, 
Secretary Sixth Inter-Sorority Conference. 



PART 11. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON RECOMMENDATIONS TO PAN- 
HELLENIC ASSOCIATIONS. 

The committee has thought it best to incorporate in the 
secretary's report of the Sixth Annual Meeting of the Inter- 
Sorority Conference, the Model Constitution for Pan-Hellenic 
Associations, and to add to it the recommendations of the 
Conference. 



70 ALPHA XI DELTA 

MODEL CONSTITUTION FOR PAN-HELLENICS. 

CONSTITUTION. 

ARTICLE I.— Name. 
The name of this organization shall be the Pan-Hellenic 

Association of the 

ARTICLE II.— Purpose. 
This Pan-Hellenic shall : 

1. Fix the date of pledge day. 

2. Regulate the rules for rushing. 

3. Regulate other matters of Inter-Sorority interest in this 
college presented to it for consideration. 

4. Co-operate with the college authorities and all college 
organizations in questions of general college interest. 

ARTICLE III.— Organization. 

This Pan-Hellenic shall be composed of one active and one 
alumna member from each chapter of the National Sororities 
represented in the institution, and from such locals as they 
may see fit to admit. 

ARTICLE IV.— Officers. 

Section 1. The officers of this Pan-Hellenic shall be: Presi- 
dent, Secretary and Treasurer. 

Sec. 2. The officers shall serve for one year, dating from the 
first meeting of the Pan-Hellenic after the Christmas holidays. 

Sec. 3. The office of President shall be held in rotation by 
the chapters, in the order of their establishment as nationals 
in the college ; the locals to hold office after the nationals in the 
order of their organization. A local becoming national shall 
take its place among the nationals according to the date of its 
installation as a national. 

Sec. 4. The Secretary shall be chosen from the chapter 
which is to have the presidency the following year. 

Sec. 5. The duties of the officers shall be those usually de- 
volving upon such officers. 

ARTICLE v.— Voting. 

A unanimous vote shall be necessary to fix the date for 
pledge day and to make rules regulating rushing. 



SIXTH INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCE 71 

ARTICLE VI.— Amendments. 

This constitution can be amended by the unanimous vote of 
the Pan-Hellenic. 

BY-LAWS. 

I. The date of pledge day shall be the ;. 

II. It shall be considered dishonorable for a fraternity 
member, active or alumna , to speak disparagingly of another 
fraternity or one of its members to a rushee. 

III. The constitution and by-laws of this Pan-Hellenic shall 
be printed not later than May 1st of each year and five (5) 
copies of the same shall be sent by each chapter to its Grand 
President. 

IV. These By-Laws may be amended by the unanimous 
vote of the Pan. Hellenic. 

The Conference would make the following recommendations 

to Pan-Hellenic Associations : 

1. That special emphasis be placed upon Article III of the 
Model Constitution as printed above, urging that in every or- 
ganization of Pan-Hellenics there be one active and one alumna 
member from each chapter, instead of two active members. 

2. That there be regular meetings of the Pan-Hellenic, as 
often as once in two months, at least. 

3. That invitations to the meetings be extended to the 
Deans of Women and Faculty Women. 

4. That Pan-Hellenics give particular attention to Article 
II, Sec. 4 in the Model Constitution, and in the meetings 
extend their discussion to questions of general college interest. 
There might be discussion of such topics as The Promiscuous 
Wearing of Fraternity Pins, Chaperones of Sorority Houses, 
Incessant Calling at Sorority Houses, Lifting of Pledges, and 
Cribbing. 

5. That complaints and 'difficulties in Pan-Hellenics be 
reported directly to the Grand Presidents, and settled by them 
when possible. 

6. That a late pledge day be urged upon all chapters, pre- 
ferably a sophomore pledge day. 

Lillian W. Thompson, Gamma Phi Beta, 
Sara B. Matthbws, Sigma Kappa, 

Committee. 



TOAST GIVEN BY LOUISE ERB AT MORGANTOWN 

CONVENTION. 



THE TRI-COLOR. 



Worthy Toastmistress, Sisters of Alpha Xi Delta, and Ladies : 

My present feelings and state of mind are fully expressed by 
lines from Evangeline where the faithful and patient Acadiens 
are told, "Painful to me is the task that I do, which to you 
I know must be grievous." 

However, abiding by time-honored customs, I will do as 
little Johnny did, in the story, at least. Johnny was being 
taught to express thanks when occasion demanded, and when 
he forgot, the other members of the family would ask : **What 
do you say, Johnny?'' which would bring forth the desired 
answer. One evening Johnny and the young man who was 
to marry Johnny's sister were sitting on the porch and the 
young man said : **I guess I'll have to marry Sue and take her 
away with me. What do you say, johnny?" **Thank you," 
promptly replied Johnny. So I shall say, **Thank you for this 
opportunity of speaking for Theta Chapter of Alpha Xi Delta, 
and for that great State University of which not onlj^ Wiscon- 
sin but the whole Middle West is so justly proud." 

The Tri-Color ! How our hearts beat with renewed loyalty 
and devotion at the mere mention of the words, and how our 
eyes beam with pardonable pride as they fondly look again 
upon the beloved and harmonious colors which have been pre- 
dominant the past few days, and which mean so much to us of 
Alpha Xi Delta. To us they have the radiance and beauty of 
the golden sunshine, the peace and serenity of skies of deepest 
blue, and a fore-taste of life in that land of eternal summers. 
And yet, are not these beautful colors merely symbolical, and 
the thoughts and emotions awakened by them, but the results 
of association formed and lessons taught by their truer and 
nobler meaning? Is not our Fraternity itself but an exemplifi- 
cation of that great and grand spirit— that spirit which aims 



TO A Sr AT MORGA NTO WN CONVENTION 73 

to fratemalize the world and put into practical life the Chrii- 
tian doctrine of the Brotherhood of Man? I firmly believe 
that every fraternity worthy of the name must by its doctrine 
and teachings enrich and ennoble the lives of all honored by 
membership therein if they remain loyal and true to its pre. 
cepts. But with the advantages and opportunities of fraternal 
life come also the temptations and tendencies which among 
students lead to snobbishness and mock exclusiveness. Wheth- 
er wise or otherwise, the world judges us as it knows and sees 
us, and we derive but little credit for the noblest virtues if they 
be confined within the chapter house vC^alls. Let us meet our 
fellow students and fellow workers in a spirit of equality ; let 
us carry with us into our everyday life a little of that fraternal 
spirit which has characterized this convention and made its 
meetings so harmonious and pleasant, and if we cannot do 
something to help and cheer along our sisters in the world at 
large let us at least be very careful not to do anything, either 

by word or deed, which will add to the trials and burdens of 
those whose lot is already hard to bear. I believe that I have 
pictured the true Tri-Color Girl, and to her I would say : 

"They may drink to her eyes, her lips, and her hair, 

Her form divine, her distinguished air ; 
But here's to the girl with a heart and a smile. 

Who makes this plain, everyday life worth while." 

And now in close I would leave with you these thoughts : 

Here's to the Tri-Color with its gold and its blue. 
Here's to its precepts so noble and true ; 

Long may it wave o'er East and o'er West, 
O'er thousands of sisters by membership blest; 

Bound by ties no time shall e'er sever. 
May the Tri-Color live in our hearts forever. 



DELTA GAMMA. 

Delta Gamma is one of the oldest of the Greek letter societies 
for women, having been founded at the University of Mississippi 
in January, 1874. 

The legislative and judicial powers of the fraternity are 
vested in a council and a convention. The council consists of 
five members, viz: President, Vice-President, Secretary and 
Treasurer, of the fraternity, ex-oiEc/o, and the editor of the 
fraternity paper. The convention meets biennially, and is 
composed of one delegate from each collegiate chapter, the 
members of the council and the secretary of the convention. 
When the convention is* not in session, its powers are vested in 
the council, but with the understanding that the convention 
shall have the ultimate control of all fraternity affairs. 

The sorority journal is called the **Anchora," and was first 

published in 1884, under the management of the Eta chapter. 

Soon after it was placed under the control of the Lambda 
chapter, but it is now controlled by the chapter at the 
Woman's College at Baltimore, Maryland. 

The badge is an anchor, upon the shank of which is a white 
enamel shield bearing the gold letters "Delta Gamma," while 
on the cross bar, also of enamel, are the letters **Tau, Delta, 
and Eta." The pledge pin is a white enamel shield upon 
which are the letters '*Pi Alpha." The sorority colors are 
bronze, blue and pink, and the flower is the cream colored rose. 

Following is a list of chapters : 

University of Mississippi, 
Buchtel College, 
University of Wisconsin, 
Mt. Union College, 
Northwestern University, 
Albion College, 
Cornell University, 
University of Michigan, 
University of Colorado, 
University of Iowa, 
University of Nebraska, 
Woman's College of Baltimore, 
Leland Stanford, Jr., University, 
University of Indiana, 
Syracuse University, 
Washinp^ton State University, 
University of California. 



THE RETURN OF SPRING. 



One stormy winter afternoon 

Two robins came, it seemed too soon, 
From a southern land, and station took 

On a maple branch beside the brook. 
North they had flown to build a nest 

For the birds that soon within would rest, 
Bringing the news in joyful lay 

That soon Queen Spring would pass that way. 
When Mother Nature heard their song 

She passed the welcome word along ; 
The news was spread and plant and tree 

Began to chant a melody — 
The song of the sap as it steadily flows 

With promise fair for leaf and rose. 
Then Mother Nature made demand 

On wind and rain to scour the land, 
And sent her sunbeam fairies out 

To wake the flowers with gladsome shout. 
A few weeks pass and March winds blow. 

Now boisterously, now soft and low ; 
Then the blue birds come on swiftest wing. 

The heralds of approaching Spring. 
A hush of expectation fell 

On nature's children in the dell ; 
They waited through the silent night, 

Impatient for the morning light. 
As eastern clouds began to blush. 

And change from gray to faint pink flush. 
And then to gold and crimson flame, 

Down through the wood and field Spring came. 
She stood beneath the maple tree 

And raised her hand in sweet decree ; 
The sun's long rays shone o'er the hill. 

And while the birds did lilt and trill. 
The flowers, the buds, and each green thing, 

Lifted their heads to welcome Spring. 

Mary Gentry Comett, Delta. 



AN OLD LANDMARK. 



To the tourist who visited the Jamestown Exposition, with 
its neighboring points of interest, perhaps no side trip proved 
so interesting as that to the town of Hampton, Va. Hampton 
was the Indian village, Kecoughtan, when the English came to 
America, and is the oldest continuous settlement of English- 
men in the new world. 

One of the first places visited by our party in Hampton was 
the old St. John's church, one of the most ancient and historic 
landmarks of the village. 

While waiting for the sexton to come and show us through 
the church, we wandered about in the churchyard. Here many 
gravestones gave evidence of the great age of the burying- 
ground, several bearing dates of the eighteenth century. One 
in particular proved interesting, as it declared that the person 
had departed this life November 31st, 1733. It is a question 
as to who made the error. 

Presently the sexton arrived, and he proved to be an old 
colored man who had filled the office for a good many years. 

He told us, among other things, that the church had been 
built in 1660, and used as a house of worship by the early 
settlers. During the war of 1812, Hampton was sacked, and 
the church used as a barracks by the enemy. At one time the 
roof was off, the walls broken down, and a public highway 
ran east and west through the middle of the church. It was 
nearly in ruins, but in 1830 it was restored and consecrated by 
Bishop Moore. Such was the interesting history that he gave 
us, and he further pointed to the beautiful stained glass win- 
dows, one commemorating the baptism of the Indian maiden, 
Pocohontas, (this being the church where that interesting 
event took place), while the other window was in commemo- 
ration of the arrival of the first settlers. 

Four of the original tiles firom the floor, brought over from 
England in 1610, were inspected and handled by each of the 
party. Each of us sat in the pew where it was said Presi- 
dent Tyler worshipped. 

E&e M. AUotty Gamma, 



A GLIMPSE OF "DORM" LIFE AT THE UNIVERSITY 

OF WASHINGTON. 



**0h, Betty" and Nell dropped into the one empty chair 
and gazed woefully at the bare walls and the unsightly floors 
covered with trunks and boxes. ** College only two days off 
and **Open Dorm" next Saturday. We will have to work. 
You don't know what "Open Dorm" is? Well, when about 
everybody on the campus has come into your room and looked 
and looked, you'll know, Hurrah! I've an inspiration— two 
Cans of paint will do it. Wait a minute, let me think. Where is 
that suit case, it's about a yard long, isn't it? There, I knew 
it. Ten yards of green burlap around that wall will make an 
abode fit for a king. Cheer up, Freshie, wait until you've 
lived at the "Dorm" four years. Let's go for paint. 

There, pin your dress this way. Now to make this room — 
why, Betty, this isn't the green we wanted. Well, the rug 
covers most of the floor anyway. There, this is finished. It 
surely looks like green meadows, doesn't it? Mine looks a 
little more luxuriant than yours, but that's because I'm used 
to it. Did you ever paint before? Water colors, I see! Just 
hand me that oil bottle, will you? All gone — Betty, what 
shall we do ? Gasoline — ^it might do, let's try it. Oh dear, it's 
turned the stuff" yellow ; it has a green tinge anyway, so it will 
have to do. Hire a painter ? Of course not. That isn't "Dorm" 
style. We've simply got to have some oil — let me think — coal 
oil — I wonder. There, wait a minute (she peeks cautiously 
out of the door and down the corridor) I wonder where 
"Anne" is ? Hah, I've an inspiration. I'll be back in a jiffy. 

Don't look so shocked, I did find some in that little closet 
down the hall. Whose lamp? "Anne's" I guess. Anne who ? 
Oh, I forgot. The matron's, of course. There, you stir and 
ni empty this lamp. This oil work's fine. 

Good, we're through ; let's get dressed and do some calling. 
Maybe we can take a few notes and do some thinking ; we'll 
need some when it comes to arranging one couch, one Morris 
chair, two rockers, two desks, two chafing dishes, one book- 



78 ALPHA XI DELTA 

case, one dish rack, and what not in this little two by four 
"cubby." Perhaps we can find some new way to arrange the 
pennants and pictures. You aren't the proud possessor of a 
hammer, are you ? This putting up pennants is a little hard 
on one's shoes and books. You have. Good, we'll be the most 
popular suite in the **Dorm." Come on, don't forget to hop 
across the paint ; nothing like taking physical exercise in your 
own sanctum, is there ? 

"Hello, Freshie, what is so interesting? Oh, ho ! (reads the 
poster) 

Know ye faculty and students all, 
There's "Open Dorm" in the girls hall 
On Saturday eve from eight to ten, 
Come one, come all, ye women and men ! 

Hurrah for tonight. We haven't half enough fudge or 
dates; here's a couple more pounds to be stuffed. Ethel is go- 
ing to have wafers, and Belle, nuts — they'll surely have a 
variety before they visit thirty rooms. 

Tell you what they do? First comes the reception; then 
the girls show everybody through the rooms. Have you seen 
room six yet? Say, it's great; they only have four writing 
desks and three chafing dish tables lined up against the wall. 
You had better go up and laugh now and not disgrace yourself to- 
night. How people do gaze at the " double deckers," almost as 
much as you did. Do you remember how you declared that 
you would never sleep in the upper bed? You can tell the 
visitors how original we are, but don't breathe that we're 
crowded. After the people have been through all the rooms, 
then comes the dance at the "gym." Yes, of course, the faculty 
come. Nobody in college would dream of missing "Open 
Dorm." Just wait until to-morrow, you'll know why. 

Oh, Betty, there's the "wunk," and only fifteen minutes 
more of light left; where did we put those candles? Let's 
celebrate and use the red ones tonight. When are the girls 
coming, just after the lights are out? Did you tell the girls in 
number six to bring a cup and saucer apiece? Let's study un- 
til the lights go out, this psychology is desperation. I've read 
it over four times already. Now I'll— there goes that light! 



UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON 79 

(a knock) Come in, who is it? Helen? Just a minute, I'll 
get a light — where, O, where, are those matches? Freshie, be 
a nice lady and run down the hall and borrow some, I can't 
find ours. You see we always keep them in the sugar bowl; 
this spread changed the geography of some things. Oh say, 
that is good news. Anne at the theatre, she can't possibly get 
back before twelve. Hurrah, here come the girls, let's sing 
*'Boola." They don't know that Anne is gone and will expect 
her to swoop down on us. 

**Oskeywow wow, whiskey wee wee. 
Holy muckei, holy varseti, 
Washingtonei, Washington." 

Step right in girls and find a seat; we've carefully moved all 
our valuables in anticipation. You'll find Apollo calmly repos- 
ing in the next room. You'll all have to work, so we might 
just as well begin now. These are the nuts to crack (we did 
manage to borrow two crackers. That will be so much easier 
than using the door, won't it?) Helen, you make the chocolate, 
and some one cut the cake. Bess simply must make the 
panoche. We've got the sandwiches all ready, and I won't 
tell what else. Don't you like the faint glow of these candles? 
We do. Don't look so distressed, Freshie, they can't possibly 
see the dust under the bookcase, or the ^yaste paper basket 
under the bed in the next room, or the face powder you bought 
yesterday. 

There hold your cups for some chocolate. Now, Freshie, it 
is time to bring that mysterious box you've so cleverly con- 
cealed under the couch; too bad that happened to be the place 
where I hide my German **dic" from the girls in number six. 
Now, girls, let'i have a song and every one fall to and enjoy 
herself, college comes but once. 

"All hail, O Washington, 

Thy sons and daughters sing glad acclaim. 

Through years of youth and loyalty ; 

And still in age we sing thy fame. 

In honor thy towers stand, 

Thy battlements shine in dawning light 

And glow again in sunset ray 

All hail O Washington." 

Marion Schneider , 'OT-Nu. 



CONSTITUTION 

OF THE 

PAN-HELLENIC ASSOCIATION OF THE UNIVERSITY 

OF ILLINOIS. 



ARTICLE I.— Name. 

The name of this organization shall be the Pan-Hellenic 
Association of the University of Illinois. 

ARTICLE II.— Purpose. 
This Pan-Hellenic shall : 

1. Fix the date of pledge day. 

2. Regulate the rules for rushing. 

3. Regulate other matters of Inter-Sorority interest in this 
University presented to it for consideration. 

4. Cooperate with the university authorities and all uni- 
versity organizations in questions of general university interest. 

ARTICLE III.— Organization. 

This Pan-Hellenic shall be composed of two active members 
from each chapter of the National Sororities represented in the 
institution and from such locals as they may see fit to admit. 

ARTICLE IV.— Officers. 

Section 1. The officers of this Pan-Hellenic shall be: Presi- 
dent, Secretary and Treasurer. 

Sec. 2. The officers shall serve for one year, dating from the 
first meeting of the Pan-Hellenic after the first meeting in Maj'. 

Sec. 3. The office of President shall be held in rotation by 
the chapters, in the order of their establishment as Nationals 
in the University; the locals to hold office after the Nationals in 
the order of their organization. A local becoming National 
shall take its place among the Nationals according to the date 
of its installation as a National. 

Sec. 4. The Secretary shall be chosen from the chapter 
which is to have the presidency the following year. 

Sec. 5. The duties of the officers shall be those usually de- 
volving upon such officers. 

ARTICLE v.— Voting. 

A majority vote shall be necessary to fix the date for pledge 
day, make rules regulating rushing, and the adoption of 
by-laws. 



CONSTITUTION 81 

ARTICLE VI —Amendments. 

This Constitution can be amended by the unanimous vote 
of the Pan-Hellenic. 

ARTICLE VIL— By-Laws. 

Sec. 1. By-laws shall be adopted (or re-adopted) at the 
meeting held the first week in May. 

Sec. 2. The by-laws shall be in force for one year only from 
the date of their adoption, unless re-adopted. 



BY-LAWS 

OF 

THE PAN-HELLENIC ASSOCIATION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS 

FOR 1907-08. 

1. The date of pledge day shall be Tuesday, the first day of 
October, 1907. 

2. There shall be no rushing restrictions or limitations the 
first week of rushing, that is, from the 16th day of September 
to the 21st day of September, 1907, inclusive. 

3. There shall be no rushing after 8 p. m. on the 22nd, 
23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th and 29th. of September. 1907; nor be- 
fore 8 a. m. on the 23rd, 24th. 25th, 26th, 27th and 30th, ol 
September, 1907. 

4. All rushing shall cease at 4 o'clock p. m., on Monday, 
the 30th of September, 1907. 

5. Written invitations shall be mailed not earlier than 4 
o'clock p. m., Monday, September 30th, 1907. 

6. Invitations shall not be answered earlier than Tuesday 
noon, October 1st, 1907. 

7. No member of a chapter shall talk to a rushee in regard 
to an invitation extended, except at the place appointed by the 
invitation, or upon request of the rushee. This limitation 
shall be in force until 12 o'clock, noon, Tuesday, the 8th of 
October. 1907. 

8. Sisters of active members may be pledged upon date of 
matriculation. 

9. Sisters of inactive members, and first cousins of active 
members may be pledged upon special dispensation of the 
council of the local Pan-Hellenic Association. 



AN EARLY BREAKFAST. 



An informal but successful rushing "stunt" was an early 
morning breakfast down the notorious '*K" line. Rushers and 
rushees started about 5:30 one glorious, crisp, fall morning, 
armed with cooking utensils and well filled baskets. We 
walked about two miles down the railroad track, and stop- 
ping at "the spring,*' a well sheltered nook, built a stove out of 
rocks and cooked our breakfast. Beefsteak, fried eggs and hot 
coflFee never tasted better. After breakfast we had a jolly 
time singing songs and toasting marshmallows around the 
fire. 

We then walked back, reaching the campus just in time for 

the eight o'clock bell, all in the best of spirits and ready for 

our day's work. 

Mabel Duncan, Beta, 



A MINSTREL SHOW. 



One of the best rushing parties we ever had was at the end 
of a long rushing season. We knew the Freshmen girls very 
well by that time, and so thought it quite proper to give a 
minstrel show. 

The Freshmen were brought to the Chapter House by the 
city girls. There they were supplied with opera glasses in the 
shape of button hooks and napkin rings, while scarfs and 
kimonas were used as evening coats. 

When the Freshies were all ready they were ushered down 
stairs and given seats in the "entresol" in the library. 

The entertainment opened with music by a comb orchestra, 
with piano accompaniment, given by three of the girls. They 
were encored several times, then in came the minstrels, singing 
a medley of popular songs. 

The minstrels were dressed in gymnasium bloomers and 
white Peter Pan waists, with large red ties. Red ribbons 



A MINSTREL SHOW. 83 

were tied in their kinky wool, which not long before had re- 
posed in a mattress factory. Burnt cork had done wonders 
for the faces and hands of all but one of the girls, and shoe 
blacking made her shine in many ways. Her favorite resort 
was near the open window, in order that the color might not 
run. 

One of the girls was not dressed as a minstrel, but acted as 
an interlocutor. The minstrels sat in a semi-circle, and on 
each end were two girls who played tambourines. They sang 
songs, cracked jokes, and one of the girls danced a clog dance. 
Solos were sung by ** Melba," *' Nordica " and others. 

Afterwards we cleared the rooms, danced and had refresh- 
ments. Altogether it was one of the most successful parties 
we have ever given. 

Helen L. Truair, Eta. 




EVERY DAY COUNCIL 



THE IDEAL SORORITY GIRL 

A sorority in any college is judged by the standard main- 
tained by the chapter located in that college. The success 
of the chapter depends upon the united efforts of each and 
every member of that chapter. Naturally in every chapter 
there are girls who appear stronger in every way than others. 
But a girl may be a good student, may win all the honors, and 
yet her influence not be as far reaching as that of the girl who 
alwrays has a kindly word, a pleasant smile for the homesick 
girl, who, although perhaps possessed of sterling qualities, 
through her natural reserve, or lack of push has not been bid- 
den by the almighty Greek. A girl who is popular with the 
"Barb" element as well as with her Sorority sister, and has done 
everything in her power for the upbuilding of her chapter, has, 
I think, upheld the principles set forth by our founders. 

On the other hand, the girl who begins to feel her import- 
ance the moment she is pledged and allows that feeling to grow 
and prosper until she becomes what is commonly called **a 
frat snob" can tear down in a short time all that her sisters 
have striven so hard to build up. The girl who in her zeal for 
the advancement and upbuilding of the sorority of her choice 
makes mistakes, is much more preferred to the girl who either 
from lack of interest or from having allowed selfish interests to 
completely overshadow this one to which she has pledged her 
fidelity, views the situation from afar and condemns the mis- 
takes of others. 

Let us look back over some of our mistakes — we have all 
made them — otherwise we would not be human. 

The first and most important is I think caused from the evil 
of bidding too soon. Until the Inter-Sorority laws are in full 
power, the only way we can remedy this is not only by em- 
bracing every opportunity but by making opportunities to be- 
come acquainted with the prospective Greek. 

Secondly, every girl should feel absolutely free to give voice 



EVERY DA Y COUNCIL 85 

to her ideas on every important question discussed at frat 
meetings. How often you hear a girl say after a mistake has 
been discovered, "Well, I for one was very much against that 
in the first place." If she had only voiced her sentiments be- 
fore instead of after, how much unpleasantness might have 
been avoided. But when we discover our error let us stand by 
the consequences and do our best to rectify it. 

There are some girls who come to meetings regularly, pay 
their dues, who work well on a committee, and think this is 
the end of loyalty. These things, of course, are very necessary, 
yet if they go no farther than this they have lost the deeper 
meaning of fraternity life. Until a girl gives her love to all the 
other member and is willing to sacrifice something to help 
them, she cannot be truly loyal. 

The older we grow the more prone we are to look back- 
ward. How much pleasanter then will our memories be if we 
cheerfully perform every duty and strive to fulfill the vows so 
solemnly yet so joyfully taken. The past is no longer ydurs, 
but the present is with you, and the future lies before you. 
They are yours to make or to mar. Which shall it be. 

Marian Wrigkyy Alpha 



ORGANIZATION AND SPIRIT 

It is a well known fact that in striving for a strong organi- 
zation, in efforts to make the machinery run smoothly, the spirit 
of the society, club, or union is sometimes lessened. It matters 
not what organization we examine, we find this danger, if not 
apparent, at least present. Without organization success is 
impossible but the spirit is the real life. 

Our sorority is young and we are becoming better organized 
each year, both in our local and in our national life. As the 
years advance our life will become more complex, our interests 
broader, and to keep in touch with this wider life our organiza- 
tion must needs be strengthened and developed. 

Even now in our local chapters let us begin to guard the true 
spirit of our sorority. Our principles arc greater and of more 
lasting good than mere growth ; our ideals of more importance 
than the enthusiasm of a group of girls. Do we always keep in 



86 ALPHA XI DELTA 

mind the principles of our sisterhood ? Not only to the sisters 
of our chapters, not only to our national sisters should we ex- 
ercise these ideals, but in daily service our life should speak of 
them to all women. 

With ideals such as Alpha Xi Delta holds, progress more 
than material will surely be made. In our advancement may 
the worthiest purpose and the truest spirit go hand in hand 
with the organization and the detail work. Then fear of 
failure need never be entertained. Our sorority then will never 
become merely a union of congenial girls, but a sisterhood pur- 
poseful, and broad, whose members because of deep friendships 
formed, to all women shall become more kind, more just, more 

true. 

Helen Coe^ Beta 



A FRAT GIRL'S RESPONSIBIUTY TO HER COLLEGE 

* 

The individual responsibility of every college girl to her 
alma mater is a serious matter, and with a frat girl the ques- 
tion takes on a new aspect. 

There are some students who **go through college " without 
being a factor in real college life, or realizing that the benefits 
they enjoy demand something from them in return. I am sure 
no Alpha is of this ** take but not give" type but we are all in 
danger of failing to realize the proper weight of the debt of love 
and gratitude we owe to our college. It is needless to say that 
we can only repay what has been done for us by passing the 
benefits on to others. 

The very fact that she is a sorority girl makes a shade of 
difference in a girl's duty to her college. Almost invariably the 
sororities contain the strongest girls of the college, and thus by 
the old rule of noblesse oblige these girls as the ones who should 
lead in all college activities. We may be strong in different 
ways but there is a place for each of us in the varied phases of 
college life. 

I do not mean that loyalty to our sorority should diminish- 
far from it ! but it should not crowd out loyalty to our school. 
We certainly would never wish anyone to say of us, ** O, don't 
ask her. She doesn't care for anything but frat." Neither do 



EVERY DA Y COUNCIL 87 

we want to be the type of girl who is always ready to accept 
responsibility for the honor it brings whether she be equal to it 
or not. We can usually see that in such a case perseverance 
not ability is lacking. So if we view our responsibility in the 
light of our ability and with a reasonable amount of **stick-to- 
itiveness " we will find that the tasks which present themselves 
are not too great for us. 

Then let us look fairly at our duties and take up ** the frat 
girl's burden" as leaders in college activities. And while with 
added fervor we ** swing the Alpha banner high '* let us not for- 
get to wave beside it the banners of our college. 

Alice Cheney, Beta 



SORORITY RETURNS 



Every girl who joins a sorority does so with the object of 
gaining something from it. She expects to gain social position 
or friends, or to better herself in some way. But how does she 
expect to do it? She cannot hope to attain these things by 
merely paying her dues and keeping in good standing.' To gain 
the most possible from the sorority she must put her best self 
into it. The business man who expects his business to succeed 
does not mereh' invest his money and then stand back and look 
on while his business grows. He works and works hard, uses 
his mind and time and has the satisfaction of seeing his busi- 
ness increase by his efforts. 

The sorority girl must do likewise. She must use her time 
and brain to devise ways and means of helping her sorority. 
By working for the sorority as a whole she helps her sisters 
individually and also herself. It is not merely the result of her 
work, but the putting forth of strong effort with a high aim in 
view which has its greatest effect in the girl herself. It gives 
her energy, strength, and independence which she would not be 
able to gain by passively watching others work. We get no 
more from our sorority than we put into it. It is a transformer 
of earnest effort into good to ourselves and sisters. 

Maty A. Smithy Nu 



EDITORIALS 



To our editor-in-chief we extend heartiest congratulations 
and best wishes, for we shall know her hereafter as Martha 
Hutchings-McKean. The inability of Persis Hannah to accept 
the place of associate editor on the Alpha Xi Delta staff is 
deeply regretted. Since coming into the bonds she has been un- 
tiring in her eflForts, but overwork and poor health have made 
it impossible for her to accept the appointment. We are glad 
to welcome Edith Lawrence to our number. 

ji ji ji 

Apologies are due on the part of the present associate editor 
for all errors in this issue of Alpha Xi Delta. She trusts to 
the forgiving spirit of all Alpha's for pardon. Changes on the 
staflF and changes of address have caused unavoidable con- 
fusion. She wishes to thank her sisters for the aid they have 
so willingly given. 

The material for the May issue should be sent to our editor- 
in-chief at Newberry, Pa. 

ji ji ji 

We wish to call special attention to the Report of the Sixth 
Inter-Sorority Conference printed in this number. In some of 
our colleges there seems to be a lack of knowledge in regard to 
this association. It is already doing a good work and we are 
sure there is a great future in store for it. Our Grand President will 
enlighten us on some points about this organization in the May 
issue. 

We also publish a copy of the constitution of the Pan-Hellenic 
Association of the University of Illinois. It is very similar to 
the constitutions in other colleges where Pan-Hellenic associa- 
tions exist. We hope it may be a help to those girls who live 
in colleges where no associations have yet been formed. Letters 
telling of advantages and disadvantages from these rules come 
to us but in each case the advantages seem to outweigh. The 



EDITORIALS 89 

criticism for the Illinois Pan-Hellenic is the short time allotted to 
rushing It has made heavy expense, worn out girls and resulted 
in hastx' choosing. If, however, the time given for rushing extends 
over several weeks, and ** rushing" is set to a slower pace, the 
benefits of Pan-Hellenic are fully realized. Even waiting until 
the beginning of the Sophomore year for pledging is favored, 
for then the Freshmen have a chance to know the sorority girls 
and vice versa. Hence, the evil results of hasty pledging are 
elimenated. On the other hand, the Freshmen are deprived of 
one of the happiest and most profitable years of their lives in 
the chapter house. We shall be glad to have our sisters express 
their opinion on the time limit for rushing. 

ji ji ji 

There is a treat in store for the May issue. We had hoped 
to become better acquainted with our Grand Officers through 
sketches and photos in this number. We must be content with 
the pleasure of anticipation for a few weeks longer. 

ji ji ji 

Founder's Day! Does it seem possible that soon another 
year in the history of Alpha Xi Delta will have rolled by ? We 
have gained strength not only in numbers but in spirit and or- 
ganization. May the new sorority year show forth even more 
advancement for us than the one just passing. 

Naturally, on April seventeenth, we look backward as well 
as forward and think of the group of girls who worked and 
made our sorority possible. We are glad to hear in this number 
of the infancy of Alpha Chapter. 

ji ji ji 

The exchange list is still incomplete. All exchanges have 
been notified of the addresses of our staff. We would be duly 
grateful if editors would notify our associate editor if the 
Alpha Xi Delta is not received. Furthermore, the custom of 
sending exchanges to the Inter-Sorority Conference delegates 
seems to be neglected. This department of work is an import- 
ant one, as it is the most direct way of ^bringing the fraternal 
world together- 



EXCHANGES 

Exchange Editor, Gertrude E. Wright. 



[Eklitors are requested to note changes in Alpha Xi Delta's list. Ex- 
changes are requested to send one copy to each of the following : 

Martha Hutchings McKean, Newberry, Pa. Gertrude E. Wright, 
Ogdensburg, N. Y. Mrs. J. R. Leib, 1271 West Washington St., Spring- 
field, 111. Mary E. Kay, 4529 Brooklyn Ave. N. E., Seattle, Wash.] 

We regret that the exchange list is still incomplete. We gratefully 
acknowledge the following publications, calling attention to a few of the 
many interesting and instructive articles : 

Gamma Phi Beta: 

October— Contains program of the 23rd Annual Convention. 

November— -Tins number follows with an interesting account of the Con- 
vention in Syracuse. An article on the management of "The Chap- 
ter House" gives many good suggestions. 

Kappa Alpha Theata: 

Jarvaary — The Honor System. 

The editor has been much interested in collecting the foregoing arti- 
cles on the Honor System. With the exceptions of Yale, the Uni- 
versity of Vermont, and Washington University, St. Louis, we have 
found no instance where the system once tried, has been abandoned. 
In two of these three institutions the reason for abandoning it have 
been the same, i.e., that the student espionage was objectionable. 
Where the system has been a success there is little such espionage, 
but upon the sentiment of the student body rests the effectiveness 
of the system. We wish that in every college, as at Princeton, 
student public sentiment would decree that no student could do dis- 
honest work in an examination and remain in college. 

The fraternities, because of a strong organization, are in a 
position to create such a sentiment. Let us first see to it, that, indi- 
vidually, as fraternity women, we are ourselves above suspicion ; 
then, through local Pan-Hellenics or other organizations use our 
utmost influence to secure, if not the honor system, a spirit of honor 
which shall utterly forbid dishonesty not only in examinations but in 
all class of work as well. In the college we must surely have pro- 
gressed beyond the point where the spirit of "getting ahead of the 
teacher prevails." 

That the honor system is being so generally agitated shows we 
believe that stud^t bodies are gaining in self-respect and in realiza- 
tion of the ultimate purpose of their college life. Dishonest college 
work is no longer a jest. 



EXCHANGES 91 

The Arrow: 

This interesting information follows a thorough and keen review 
of President Seelye's attack upon women fraternities : 

President Seelye also says that in the leading women's colleges 
of the day sororities do not exist and would not be permitted, be- 
cause they are not needed and would seriously interfere with the 
social ideal. 

This last point is of especial interest, coming, as it does, from 
the president of the largest women's college. A good many years 
ago, when the college dormitories provided ample accommodations 
for all Smith students, there did exist an ideal communal life. In 
recent years, however, the number of new buildings has failed to 
keep pace with the increased number of students, many of whom, 
under present conditions, are forced to find board and lodging in 
in private families. It is interesting to note that under these, simi- 
lar in some respects at least, to those that Dr. Seelye says encour- 
aged the formation of the first sororities, some of the Smith stu- 
dents, despite faculty opposition, have resorted to the sorority plan, 
one of the organizations. Delta Sigma, is of several years stand- 
ing, possesses a goodly membership among the alumnse, and has 
recently erected a luxurious chapter house. Smith is not the only 
large woman's college which thus gives an ocular demonstration of 
the fraternity tendency. In others, where it is impossible for all the 
students to be accommodated in the college houses, the same move- 
ment is on foot. The president of one of these, instead of frowning 
upon the growing sentiment, gives a guarded answer to all requests 
for permission to seek a national charter in the words : ''The time 
is not yet ripe." 

SUGGESTED CHANGES IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF WISCONSIN 

The Madison Alumnse Pan-Hellenic Association met in April, 
1907, to discuss the benefits of a late pledge-day and a different 
sjrstem of rushing. They considered especially interscholastic rushing, 
which always accompanies the state high schools' athletic meet, held 
in May at Madison. They found themselves diametrically opposed 
to each other on vital points ; but as a result of their discussion, 
certain members began an investigation of college social life in fra- 
ternity circles at Wisconsin and other institutions. With this infor- 
mation the alumnse drew up a set of resolutions in June ; and each 
alumna sent a copy to the active members of her own fraternity 
chapter. In this action the alumnse have desired to express their 
feeling of responsibility for existing social conditions, rather than 
any censure upon the college girls. 

E^ch fraternity is considering these 'resolutions, not without 
heated argument, but with a certain amount of approval and inter- 
est. Each will submit to the alumnse written conclusions, expressing 
its attitude toward the suggestions, with the hope that the students 



92 ALPHA XI DELTA 

and alumnse may compromise in a way which will better, in some 
degree, the present social conditions here. Psi is happy to find little 
in these resolutions not already covered by her house rules or the 
spirit of the chapter, and she is deeply interested in hearing what 
other institutions are doing about the same questions. 

The BRusis of the Omega : 

iVbvemftei^-" Randolph Macon;" *'An Indian Tradition of Maine;" 
"The SkuU," a story. 

Sigma Kappa Triangle : 

September-'' Sigmsi Kappa's Ideals," ''Life at Ck)lby," "College Life 
at the Hub." 

Alpha Phi Qtiarterly: 

November—** Why Not," "Sparks From Many Forges." 

Trident of Delta Delta Delta : 

November— Tl[na contains an article about Mrs. Ida Shaw Martin, author 
of "The Sorority Hand Book," herself a founder of Delta, Delta, 
Delta. Also an interesting article about the Inter-Sorority Confer- 
ence and a personal word about the delegates to the conference. The 
delegates undoubtedly enjoyed the pen pictures of themselves given 
by Miss Fitch, the editor of the Trident, who had not been success- 
ful in obtaining a kodak picture of the ladies. A suspicion has crept 
in that the "large feathered hat (refered to by Miss Fitch as the 
principal feature of the attempted picture surrounded by a halo of 
lace curtain) belonged to the Alpha Xi Delta delegate. 

The Trident contains also, "A Novel Christmas in India." 

Lyre of Alpha Chi Omega: 

January— The University of Nebraska and an account of the installation 
of Xi Chapter there at Thanksgiving. 

Phi Kappa Pax: 

Alpha Chi Rho: 



SOME AMERICAN COLLEGE BOYS 

By Cameron Mackenzie 

The following article from McClure's will undoubtedly be of interest to 
our readers: 

Between two and five o'clock on the morning of Friday, December 7, 
1906, the house occupied by the Chi Psi fraternity of Cornell University was 
destroyed by fire. Four members of the fraternity were burned to death 
and three members of the volunteer fire department of the city were killed 
by a falling wall; several other students were severely burned; and the 
building,^ which was the finest fraternity house in the world, was reduced to 
ruins. 

After the fire, the alunmi of the chapter obtained from the survivors 
independent written statements of their experiences. These statements, in 
most cases, were written under stress of strong emotion, within a few hours 
after the boys had escaped from the building. As a result they have a singu- 
lar vividness and are full of unconscious expressions that are peculiarly 
ilhuninating and self -revealing. Moreover, these documents portray so much 
presence of mind, self-sacrifice, and matter-of-fact heroism that an account 
of the fire and some of the incidents, as they appear in these narratives, 
seems deserving of record. 

Upon the night of the fire there were twenty-six boys sleeping in the 
fraternity house. Seven of these were on the second fioor, fourteen on the 
third floor, and five on the fourth floor. Of those on the fourth floor, two 
were beneath a tower and a trifle above the floor proper. 

PREDICAMENT OF THE BOYS 

The fire originated on the first floor. Its cause is not known, but before 
the alarm was given it had mounted to the third story and cut off escape by 
staircases, so that the bojrs found themselves almost trapped. They were 
compelled either to leap from the windows or else to flee to the roof and 
from there, by such means as were accessible, climb down. Both means of 
escape were dangerous. To jump meant certain injury, and in taking refuge 
on the top of the house the bojrs had to traverse gutters and roofs, which at 
the time were wet and slippery with snow. Moreover, this latter means of 
escape was shut off soon after the blaze was discovered. The fraternity 
house was constructed with a large skylight in the center. A strong north- 
west wind was blowing, bringing with it flurries of snow, and this wind, 

*Tlie Chi Psi fraternity bottse was built for Mrs. Jennie McGraw-Piske, tbe wifie of 
Professor Piske, tbe librarian of Cornell University, at a cost of about $130,000. Tbe 
btdldinic was started in 1879, at abont tbe time of Mrs. Fiske's maTri&gc. Tbe year 
foUowinfiT Mr. and Mrs. Piske spent traTelinr in Bnrope, wbere they collected a great 
nnmber of art treasures for the house in Ithaca. Practically all the interior wood- 
work of the first floor was purchased abroad, and tbe woodwork of the library alone 
cost $10,<N>0. The property passed to the McGraw estate upon Mrs. Piske's death in 
1880, and remained unoccupied until 1896, when the Chi Psi fraternity obtained pos- 
ofit. 



94 ALPHA XI DELTA 

fanning the flames, caused the skylight to act as a chimney. Within an 
incredibly short time the halls and stairway, through the entire height of the 
building, were ablaze. To add to the plight of the boys, the engines and 
ladders of the city flre department, retarded by the steep hill leading to the 
college grounds, did not arrive until more than an hour after the alarm had 
been given. 

COOLNESS OF THE BOYS 

The coolness of the members of the fraternity when they realized their 
danger was surprising. Many of them record instances in which they opened 
doors and were met by a rush of flame and smoke. In every case they 
paused long enough to close the doors they had opened, though in many 
instances the knobs were red hot. Several of them tell of feeling their way 
to the telephone to send out the alarm. One boy, Joseph Pew, felt his way, 
while the halls and the rooms on all sides of him were flUed with smoke or 
else already blazing, into the library, art-gallery, breakfast-room, anddraw- 
jng-room, trying all the windows to make sure they were closed and not 
causing a draft. 

The boys on the second floor got out without much injury. Their peril 
was far less than that of the occupants of rooms on the floors above, and 
only one of them was severely injured. This boy was Ray R. Powers, a 
senior, from Atlanta, Greorgia. He was sleeping in a room with three other 
seniors. Sailor, Dyer, and Bowes, and was the first to awaken. Bowes, in 
his account, said that Powers, as soon as he was out of bed, shouted to the 
others to follow him. 

"He reached the door first, " the statement goes on, " and I was second. 
We opened the door, and, although the hall and stairs were a mass of fiames, 
we started to go to the front of the house. He took about three steps, and 
I took about one outside the door, and then Powers told me to go back. I 
went back and held the door until he came in, and then closed it. Powers 
walked to the north window and said: 

" 'Fellows, tie those blankets. My hands are burnt" 

"Dyer tied two sheets together, while Sailor and I threw mattresses out 
of the window. The sheets were tied to the bed, and then Powers said: 

" ' I will go first to see if it will hold.' 

" He slid as far down the sheets as possible, and then jumped to the 
mattresses." 

powers' pluck 

When Powers had seen his three room-mates safely out, he started to 
help place a ladder on another side of the house, but found that he was im- 
able to hold it; his hands and face had been terribly burned when he had 
started down the hall. From the accounts of others, it seems that all the 
while he was superintending the escape of his three room-mates, sliding 
down the rope, and going to help with the ladder, his skin was hanging from 
his face and from the tips of his fingers in strips, and his entire forearm 
had been peeled bare. Without assistance, he walked to the Phi Kappa Psi 
House near by. When the physicians came to him, he told them to leave 
him and help some one who was more severely hurt. 



SOME AMERICAN COLLEGE BOYS 95 

At the same time, two boys directly above Powers and his room-mates 
were attempting to make their escape in the same manner. These boys 
were Clarence R. Andrews, a junior, and W. W. Goetz, a sophomore. They 
roomed together on the third floor. When Andrews heard the alarm, he tied 
two blankets together and within a minute or so had reached the groimd in 
safety. With a crowd of others, he looked up. Dense smoke almost hid 
Goetz from view, but the boys below caught a glimpse of him leaning out of 
the window that Andrews had just left. 

"We cried to him to come down the same way as I," Andrews' state- 
ment continues, "but he yelled back that the blankets had fallen, and so we 
yelled to him to jump into the blanket we were holding." 

It was impossible for Goetz to see exactly where the blanket was. All 
he was able to distinguish was a group of fellows in a close knot below him. 

"He did not care to jump out, for fear of landing on one of us," said 
Andrews, "so he jumped close to the building, and barely touched the 
blanket. He struck pretty much on his hip. " 

A THRILLING CLIMB 

invents were now following one another swiftly. While Goetz and An- 
drews were escaping, six freshmen who had taken refuge on the third floor 
were making a perilous climb on another side of the house. One by one, 
these bojrs, in their night-clothes and numb with cold, were creeping in the 
darkness, for a distance of twenty feet, around a slippery three-inch ledge 
sixty feet above the ground. Every one of them reached the end in safety 
and by successive jumps, gained a balcony, from where they dropped to the 
porch roof and thence to the ground. 

As the last of them left the balcony, another boy came sliding down the 
roof and made the jump to the third-floor balcony on the front side of the 
house. This was C. J. Pope, a freshman, from East Orange, New Jersey, 
who had been sleeping in the tower room above the third floor. When he 
heard the alarm, he burst through the door of his room. Smoke overcame 
him, and he fell down a short flight of stairs leading from his door to the 
level of the third floor. The fall and the heat of the flames overcame him, 
and by the time he reached the balconv he was in a half -dazed condition. 

pope's second attempt to rescue mccutcheon 

In a room off the balcony two boys were sleeping— James McCutcheon, a 
sophomore, from Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and Harry M. Curry, also a 
sophomore and from Pittsburg. It occurred to Pope that these boys might 
not have been roused. He shouted to them, and at the same time pushed 
his hand through the window-pane and pulled a sheet from Curry's bed with 
which to descend to the porch. In a second more Curry had come diving 
through the window. He struck his head on a stone railing, and lay stimned 
on the balcony. McCutcheon did not follow. Pope peered into the room, 
and saw him stumbling toward the door and apparently into the hall. He 
gave the sheet which he had got hold of to a third boy, who by this time had 
iq>peared on the balcony, and started to crawl into the room through the 



96 ALPHA XI DELTA 

hole in the window-pane. The broken glass, however, caught him, and 
smoke almost suffocated him. Curry lay inert on the balcony; the other boy 
had gone down by the sheet to the porch roof below. 

When Pope turned to make a second attempt to reach McCutcheon, he 
found the room ablaze. All that saved his life when he went in was a sweater 
vest he had on. ''That last time I tried to reach McCutcheon," wrote 
Pope, ** I succeeded in reaching him, and, locking my arms around his knees, 
tried to drag him to the opening." 

That is all he remembered. Not until he was in mid-air, and about to 
strike the roof of the porch, did consciousness return. "I only remember 
being about to strike the porch. First my feet, then my knees struck, and 
I do not recall anything else until I got almost to the Phi Kappa Psi House." 

What had happened was that the boy, already badly done up by his exer- 
tions and his fall down the stairs, had been overcome in the smoke-filled 
room as he was dragging McCutcheon toward the window. In an uncon- 
scious condition, he had stumbled into the balcony and toppled over the stone 
railing. From the porch roof he had rolled to the ground. 

CURRY REVIVES 

During the time Pope was trying to reach McCutcheon, Curry had been 
lying on the balcony; but just before Pope fell, he began to revive. Curry 
himself had already had the greatest difficulty in reaching safety. When he 
had been aroused by Pope's cries, he had called McCutcheon and made for 
the door to the hall. 

"When I opened the door," said Curry in his statement, *' the flames 
were not more than eight or ten feet from me, and it was the same as a 
furnace. McCutcheon called to know how I was going to get out. I yelled 
we couldn't make it through the hall, and ran back to the window to try to 
open it." 

He had, however, found himself apparently caged. The window of the 
room opened outward like a shutter; but, the day before, stationary storm 
windows had been put in, and the window would not swing out. Two thick- 
nesses of glass blocked his way to the balcony. In desperation, he took the 
only means of escape he saw, and, backing halfway across the room, rushed 
forward and hurled himself through the window. When he crashed out on 
the other side, his head struck the railing. The cold air— for it was about 
four degrees above zero— gradually revived him, and as he came to himself, 
and for some minutes before he got to his feet, he kept calling for help for 
McCutcheon, not knowing that Pope was in the room. At about the time 
Pope fell, Curry had sufficiently recovered to stand up. On the balcony 
with him there was now another boy, who was tying sheets together with 
which to slide down. Otherwise it was deserted. Most of the members of 
the fraternity had by now reached the groimd. 

MCCUTCHEON FOUND 

"When I got up," continues Curry's statement, "I looked for McCut- 
cheon, but couldn't see him on the balcony. I ran to the window I had come 



SOME AMERICAN COLLEGE BOYS 97 

through, and tried to help him out; but I couldn't find him. The smoke 
forced me out of the room, and when I got on the balcony no person was in 
sight. I went to the window and felt around the sides, and happened to feel 
on the floor. I felt some person on the floor, and knew it was McCutcheon. 
The smoke and heat forced me out again, and as soon as I got more air I 
went tx) where McCutcheon was lying, and had him sitting up, with my 
hands imder his shoulders. I tried to pull him out, but he was wet with 
perspiration and slippery with smoke, and slipped out of my hands. I ran 
out to the balcony, and called to the men below to come up and help me. I 
turned toward the window, and saw the flames in the room, and knew if I 
didn't get him this time, I never could do it alone." 

By this time Curry had not only been stunned but had been frightfully 
cut. Every time he had gone into the room it had meant exposing his body, 
unprotected save for his nightgown, to the jagged edges of the two broken 
panes of glass. The room inside was dense with smoke. The flames, too, 
for several moments had had full headway there, and Curry had been terribly 
blistered and burned. His statement makes no mention of any of these 
things. It reads simply: 

" I went back and got my hands aroimd his waist, and just managed to 
drag him out on the balcony. " 

THE SCENE ON THE BALCONY 

The picture which Curry made as he emerged the last time from the 
burning room, dragging McCutcheon after him, made a deep impression on 
the crowd below. Practically all the statements refer to it; and the various 
accounts, when taken together, depict the boy, clad only in his nightgown, 
standing above the unconscious form of his room-mate and calling franti- 
cally for help. The only light was from the blaze of the fire; every few 
seconds clouds of smoke rolled between, shutting Curry from view; and all 
the while the driving snow-storm continued. 

By this time men from a neighboring fraternity, witn ladders, were 
ascending the hill. These rescuers, in a joint statement which they pre- 
pared, said they saw ''one man upon the narrow balcony of the third floor. 
He was very much excited and made frantic appeals to us to do something. 
When the ladder was raised, and Curry saw that it would not reach the third 
floor, he became very wild in his action. About that time another ladder 
suddenly appeared. 

When both ladders were up, we requested Curry to come down. He said 
he would not come down without McCutcheon. Having assured him that we 
would get McCutcheon, he came down." 

Half a dozen boys lined up along the ladder, and McCutcheon 's body 
was passed down. It was a grim and difficult business. McCutcheon was a 
heavy man, a member of the university foot-ball squad. ''He was uncon- 
scious and naked, and bleeding profusely," wrote one boy who helped lift the 
bocfy down. 

The building burned so rapidly that the crowd was stupified. McCutcheon 
had hardly been lowered from the balcony before they saw a boy leap out 



98 ALPHA XI DELTA 

from the building to the ground, his night-clothes afire. They ran to him, 
and found that it was Oliver Le Roy Schmuck, a senior, from Hanover, 
Pennsylvania, who had roomed on the third floor with William Homes Nichols, 
another senior, from Chicago, Illinois. The story of Schmuck is as memor- 
able as any of the Are. 

schmuck's instinctivb heroism 

Schmuck and his room-mate were the last to hear the alarm. As soon as 
Schmuck awoke he made for his window, supposing that Nichols was close 
behind him. Schmuck was on the sill, from where it would have been an 
easy jump to the porch below. He was about to make the leap, when he 
turned to look for his room-mate. Nichols was not there. The room was 
all ablaze and burning furiously. It was perfectly evident that no person 
could have lived there for a moment. If Schmuck had paused for a second 
to think, he must have known that to return to the room would mean his 
death. Crouching down, he crawled back through the window into the room. 
He did so without hesitation and apparently by instinct. 

Inside, he began feeling along the floor to And his room-mate. It was a 
fruitless search, and in a second Schmuck had been frightfully burned and 
driven back to the window. In his agony, he did not pause to climb down, 
but jumped about fifty feet to the ground. A small bush somewhat broke 
his fall. Several of the boys pulled off his burning pajamas, and for a few 
moments he lay in the snow, stunned. Presently reviving, he got to his feet 
and asked in natural tones where the Phi Kappa Psi House was. It was 
about two himdred yards distant, and, perfectly controlled, Schmuck walked 
there. On the way, one of his friends met him, but did not recognize him. 
It was said that in the dim light he looked like a negro. 

When he reached the Phi Kappa Psi House, he fell exhausted on the floor. 
Those who picked him up found that all of his body, save a small spot on his 
back, had been either scorched red or burned to a black crisp. 

** Hold me up and let me see the fire," he said. For a moment then he 
lost his self-control and wanted to go back to the burning building. Pres- 
ently, however, he regained his composure and asked to be held before a 
mirror. When he had seen himself, he cried: 

''Ican'tlivelikethis!" 

The scene in the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity house at that moment has been 
described by Andrews: 

THE SUFFERINGS OF THE BOYS 

** I went to the Phi Kappa Psi Lodge, where I found Scmuck, Pope, Curry, 
Powers, and McCutcheon," he wrote. "Schmuck was frantic with pain. 
He did not lie on the bed where I first saw him, but got up and paced the 
floor. He held up his foot and leg, and exclaimed: ' How can a man live with 
that?'. His legs were red as though covered with blood, and his hair was 
burned off, and his shoulders and body were burned. He knew he was 
doomed, from many things he said; I know this. Curry lay in the bed, his 
face black and bloody, and the bed was stained with blood. I got some 



SOME AMERICAN COLLEGE BOYS 99 

whisky, but he refused it, and I brought him water, which he swallowed 
convulsively. I took whisky to Schmuck, and he drank eagerly. Pope was 
in great pain. His face was black, and his eyes were bright and roving. I 
gave him whisky, which he drank eagerly, and as I pressed more upon him, 
he cried: *No, give it to the others.' I met Powers in the hall, and he was 
pacing back and forth with his hands held in front of him. The skin was 
hanging from them. He was perfectly self -controlled. McCutcheon lay on 
the floor in the hall down-stairs. He was black in the face and covered with 
blood. Two boys held his arms pinioned to the floor, and he was fighting 
desperately. 

"At frequent intervals I went back to see the lodge. It burned like an 
inferno. The walls crumbled before the heat. The tower fell in sections, 
each floor carrying a part away as it fell. From the window of the Alumni 
rooms the flames poured like a fountain." 

There was but one ambulance available with which to remove the injured 
boys to the college inflrmary. It was therefore slow work. Powers, unable 
to endure his pain, walked there. Schmuck during the ride was imable to 
lie down, and a boy whose night-gown was frozen to his body held him in an 
upright position to relieve him, in so far as was possible, of the pain of the 
weight of his body. 

After the physicians had examined the injured, the lives of Schmuck, 
McCutcheon, and Pope were despaired of. Schmuck died at about nine o'clock 
the next morning; McCutcheon a little later. Pope, after weeks of suffer- 
ing, recovered. Curry and Powers were also in the infirmary for weeks, and 
Goetz suffered for a short time from the injury to his hip. 

SCHMUCK'S STATEMENT 

Neither Schmuck nor McCutcheon made formal statements. McCutcheon 
was unconscious most of the time until he died, and said nothing concerning 
the fire. Schmuck 's only utterance in the nature of a statement was made 
to President Schurman. When Mr. Schurman heard that the boy was dying, 
he went to him. Schmuck was in great agony, but had not lost his com- 
posure. He asked the president if there had been any news of Nichols. 
President Schurman told him that there had not been. 

**I was out all right," Schmuck then said, *'but I went back for Bill." 

Nichols' remains were found later, in the cellar directly under the spot 
where his room had been. He probably tried to escape by the door of his 
room, and was almost instantly killed by a blast of flame. Another body 
was found in the ruins. It was that of F. W. Grelle, a freshman who roomed 
on the third floor. It is supposed that he did not hear the alarm and died a 
painless death in bed. 

President Schurman, after the fire, gathered all the members of the Chi 
P&i fraternity who were able to be there at his house for breakfast. Many 
of the boys, as they assembled, were suffering from bums, and all of them 
felt the effects of the intense cold and exposure. It was known at that time 
that Nichols and Grelle were dead. Shortly after they were seated the 
telephone rang, and word came that Schmuck had died. A little later there 



54^9B^ 



100 ALPHA XI DELTA 

was another ring, and the boy who went to receive the message was told that 
McCutcheon was dying and that Pope could not live. Moreover, there was 
still much imcertainty as to the outcome of Curry's injuries. Shortly word 
also came of the death of the three firemen in the ruins. Out of the twenty- 
six members of the fraternity, nineteen were there, and for them breakfast 
was one of the most tragic incidents of the fire. 

WHAT THE STATEMENTS DID NOT TELL 

After the breakfast most of the statements upon which this account is 
based were taken. They are remarkable quite as much for what they do 
not tell as for what they do. There is almost no mention of the terrible 
hardships every one of the boys endured. Throughout the fire, not only was 
there a snow-storm and a terrific gale blowing off Cayuga Lake, but the cold 
was intense. The following is the only reference to this condition: "The 
cold was fearful, being about four degrees above zero, and we had nothing 
but nightgowns on. ' ' The boys were also uniformly modest. In this respect 
the statements of Curry, Pope, and Powers, taken later, are masterpieces. 
" I went back and got my arms around him, and just managed to drag him 
out on the balcony, '' was the manner in which Curry described his last effort 
to save McCutcheon. "I stepped on to the gutter and walked as far as I 
could," wrote one of the freshmen who made that perilous climb sixty feet 
above the ground. None of them referred to their bums and injuries. Even 
Powers and Curry were silent on that point. 

CARNEGIE MEDALS 

Carnegie medals for heroism were awarded to Schmuck, Pope, and Curry. 
All over the country the fire attracted attention and the significance of the 
conduct of the members of the fraternity was widely recognized. That 
twenty-six boys should have met a test so severe with so much coolness, 
self-sacrifice, and instinctive heroism strengthens our most sacred hopes for 
the country that bore them. There was not a coward among them, and each 
counted life as nothing against the needs of his friends. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 



ALPHA 

Dear Sisters: 

May the little New Year with his brig^ht, chubby face, alway have a 
dimpling smile and a twinkle in his eye for you. 

AU the Alpha girls hurried away to their homes or to the homes of 
friends for the Holidays, but January seventh will find them hurrying back 
just as eagerly to resume their duties of school life. 

We are planning a "Garden Party" for January tenth. The gynmasium 
will be transformed into a growing garden of flowers and shrubs. One of 
the favors will be a rose bearing the name of one of the girls and growing 
on a bush in the garden. Frappe will be served from the "moss-covered 
bucket" in an old fashioned well. 

Lombard college expressed its appreciation of its football team in the 
form of a banquet December seventeenth. A college orchestra was formed 
for the occasion. One of the Alpha girls was asked to respond to a toast. 

December sixth, Mrs. Bertha Cook-Evans, of Monmouth, entertained 
the Alpha girls and their pledges. The pledges were made the victims of 
many pranks and after the fun a bounteous supper was served. 

December seventh, Nellie Provoost and Leila Bailey were initiated into 
Alpha Xi Delta at the home of Josephine Ericson, of Galesburg. Mrs. Alice 
Broner, Miss Lillian Linguist and Miss Francis Richey were present at the 
initiation. Mabel HendeL 



GAMMA 

Gramma Chapter sends to you all her very best wishes for a most 
delightful and successful year. 

The girls returned after a very pleasant vacation spent at their 
homes, and all are just as enthusiastic as ever. We have twelve active 
members this term. 

We look upon last term with a great deal of pleasure. During that time 
we attended convention, met many Alpha girls and also had Mrs. Leib with 
OS for several days. 

On the evening of October 29th, while Mrs. Leib was with us, we initi- 
ated one pledge, Nancy Copeland. On the next evening, October 30th, we 
gave a Pan-Hellenic reception at the home of Mary and Edith Taylor. We 
entertained the active members and the pledges of the different fraternities 
and sororities and the faculty members. The house was decorated through- 
out. Our favers were pii^ and white carnations and our patronesses 
emembered us with several dozen of beautiful chrysanthemums. Because 



102 ALPHA XI DELTA 

of our Pan-Hellenic reception was the same week, we did not give our 
annual Halloween party. 

The Gamma girls are all looking forward to a happy and prosperous 
year, and wish the same for every Alpha Xi Delta. Gamma. 



EPSILON 

Best wishes for a Happy New Year from Epeilon. We come to you 
with better assurance than ever before, with our twenty active members 
and three pledges. The girls who entered the University this autumn 
seemed very desirable and Epsilon came off the field with the highest hon- 
ors—as she pledged not only the largest number of new students, but also 
the majority of the best girls in college. 

On November 18th, Alpha Xi Delta held its regular meeting at the home 
of the Misses Richardson. The initiates, Marion Williams, Grace Sanborn, 
LoiB Nichols and Sarah Sewell entertained the company the earlier part of 
the evening with their laughable efforts to ride Alpha's nannie-goat. After 
the regular initiation ceremony which followed, a delicious three-course 
spread was served. The girls departed at a late hour which came near to 
being an early one, having had an unusual jolly evening. 

Our latest stunt was a Christmas party for our patronesses, given at the 
home of the Misses Richardson. The parlors were beautifully decorated 
with Christmas greens, while a tree and a real live Santa Claus with a 
wonderful pack of toys made the evening one long to be remembered. E!ach 
gift was a take off upon the receiver's particular fad or hobby and was 
accompanied by an appropriate rhyme. Miss Lucy Helen Pearson, Mrs. 
Grange, Mrs. Akeley and Mrs. Gault were the guests of honor. 

From the college paper. The Volante. 



ZETA 

Zeta Chapter sends greeting and best wishes to all for a prosperous and 
happy New Year. 

Our first initiation this year was held October 31st, with five initiates. 
After the ceremony we enjoyed a banquet at the home of Lillian Seybold on 
Clifton avenue. 

Zeta wishes to announce the marriage of Leta Condit to Dr. Leo Miller, 
of Rantoul, 111. According to all reports Leta is perfectly happy and thinks 
the cares of housekeeping as nothing in comparison with those of the class 
room. 

Just before college closed for the holidays Zeta entertained with a 
"taffy-puU" at the home of Clara Domblaser. In spite of burned and blis- 
tered hands every one reported a good time. 

The new Science Hall at Wittenberg will be opened early in the new y^ar. 

We are all looking forward eagerly to the completion of the new song 
books. Fraternally, 

E. Hazel Wright, See. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 103 

ETA 

Dear Alpha Sisters: 

Eta extends a New Year's greeting to all. 

Since the girls have returned from the convention, our bond of union 
seems stronger and we work with greater zeal. We only regret that more 
of oar number could not have attended and become acquainted with other 
sisters and received this grand inspiration first hand. Our interests were 
all the more aroused by the Gamma Phi Beta convention which was held at 
Syracuse, this fall. 

Eta is proud to announce the name of another new sister, Marion 
Green, '10. 

On New Year's eve the pretty weddiug of Martha Hutchings '06, editor 
of the Alpha Xi Delta Journal, to Scott McKean, of Troy, Pa., took place 
at the home of the bride's parents, 512 Bear street. The ceremony was 
performed by the bride's father. Rev. G. E. Hutchings, pastor of the IHrst 
Ward M. E. Church, assisted by Rev. D. O. Chamberlyn, of Osceola, Pa. 
Miss Margaret Chamberlyn of Osceola, Pa., acted as maid of honor and Mr. 
Arthur McMahan, of Troy, Pa., as best man. As the bridal party entered, 
six young ladies sang the bridal chorus from ** Lohengrin," and at the close 
of the ceremony Miss Laura Wheeler sang "0 Love Divine." Among the 
young ladies of the chorus were :— Misses Grace Fox, Laura Wheeler, Nettie 
Britton, Margaret Hoard, Dora Baker, Edith Lawrence. Miss Theodora 
Bothwell presided at the piano, accompanied by the violin. Besides the 
immediate relatives and friends there were several Alpha Xi Delta girls 
present. Among them were :— Lena Baldwin, Dora Lockwood, Thresa 
Tobin, Helen Tobin, Helen Truair, Louise Hopkins, Miranda Myres, Ethel 
Patterson, Corinne Elnsign, Edith Lawrence, Margaret Hoard, Grace Fox, 
Margaret Chamberlyn, Belle Chadbome, Theodora Bothwell. Mr. and Mrs. 
McKean will reside at Newberry, Pa. Eta sends congratulations. 

A striking feature of Miss Hutchings' wedding was the announcement 
of the engagement of the maid of honor, Miss Margaret Chamberlyn, ex '10, 
to Mr. William Alderman '08, Cornell. Congratulations to Margaret Cham- 
berlyn. Margaret Hoard, BHa, 



THETA 

Theta Chapter sends New Year's greetings and wishes sincerely that 
the coming year will bless each and every Alpha with all possible happiness 
and prosperity. 

Convention is over, and if such a thing is possible, we all feel prouder 
than ever of being one of the sisterhood of Alpha Xi Delta. Our two delegates, 
Louise Erb and Ruth Strong came home bubbling over with enthusiasm and 
through them we were all inspired with a new and fresh national spirit, 
which each chapter ought to feel. Although it did not fall to the good 
fortune of all of us to go and meet our sisters representing the various 
diHiteiBy we have all lived that eventful week through as much as possible 



104 ALPHA XI DELTA 

by hearing what was actually done and experienced. Iota certainly is to be 
congratulated on the gtesX success of her royal entertainment. 

Agnes Ravn '06, who is teaching in Merrill, Wis., Elizabeth Erb '07, 
who is teaching in Waterloo, Wis., and Mae Herrick and Ellen Hoffman, 
Nanna Hoegh's friends, were guests at the house during Thanksg^iving 
vacation. Three other alunmse, Bertha Davis '06, Alma Runge '06, and 
Leonora Henderson '06, were back but did not stay at the house. We were 
all together Thanksgiving evening and passed the time very pleasantly by 
dancing. To add to the happiness of everyone present, Elizabeth Tucker 
allowed us to put the pledge pin on her. 

December dth we initiated two new members, Elizabeth Tucker and 
Edith Shuster; two girls whom we are proud to introduce as Alpha Xi 
sisters. 

Our three Thanksg^iving guests presented the house with a picture of 
Sir Galahad. It adds greatly to the appearance of the parlor. 

Miss Emma E2vjne, of Merrill, who visited Nanna Hoegh at the house 
shortly after Thanksgiving, presented us with a pennant for our dining 
room. ESach active member did likewise for Christmas, so now our dining 
room puts us in mind of the various colleges in which we are represented. 

November 22nd, Chadboume Hall gave their first reception of the year. 
Our chaperone, Miss Field, and the seniors had the honor of being invited. 

The same evening the Alpha Tau Omega fraterity gave a reception for 
one of their men. Dr. Ravenal, who is now a member of our faculty. Our 
whole chapter was invited. 

November 2Sd was a great and exciting day for Wisconsin. Minnesota 
came to find their equals on the football field. As everybody knows we tied 
by a score of seventeen to seventeen. In the evening an immense bon-fire 
on the lower campus manifested our hilarious spirits and a laige mass- 
meeting was held in the armory to discuss the future of f ootbalL Good 
results have been accomplished and next year Wisconsin expects to have a 
coach. 

December 9th the Chi Omeg^a sorority entertained at a formal dancing 
party at the Women's building. Two representatives from each sorority 
and two non-sorority girls were invited. Chi Omega introduced a means by 
which a more democratic spirit might be promoted among students and 
societies. The party was a great success, and we hope the good work may 
be continued and taken up by others. 

Inter-sorority bowling has not conmienced yet but we expect to b^^ 
our practicing after the holidays. Nanna Horgh in practicing at the associ- 
ation alleys, made high score for November, and was presented with a 
trophy cup. 

A few days before the holidays Chadboume Hall had a smallpox scare. 
One of the g^irls who had been home during Thanksgiving had caught the 
disease. After several days of illness the case was diagnosed as smallpox 
and she was taken to the hospital. All the rest of the students at the 
dormitory were vaccinated and sent home. Their vacation was thereby 



CHAPTER LETTERS 105 

lengthened a few days, much to their joy. No further spread of the disease 
has been heard of. 

Theta expects to g^ve her formal dancing^ party January 18th. 

NannoL Horgh, Cor. Sec. 



IOTA 

Dear Alphas: 

A happy New Year to one and all. Iota is ready to begin the winter 
term with unusual enthusiasm. The convention stirred us up wonderfully. 
It was such a pleasure to meet so many Alphas and to learn to know them; 
we only wish that we might have kept them longer with us. 

The fall examinations are over and none of us "flunked" but came 
through the dreadful ordeal like true Alphas. 

Mary Cooper and Lillian Smith were elected to the Ehiglish Club last 
term. We now have four sisters in this honor org^anization and are very 
proud of the fact that we have more representatives in the club than the 
other sororities. 

Vacation has been very pleasant; Santa Claus visited all of us and 
brought much joy and happiness. There have been many social events, the 
wedding of Drusilla Johnson and Rev. E. B. Quick on Christmas Day being one 
of the prettiest affairs of the season. We Alphas were naturally very much 
excited over the event, as it was the first Alpha wedding to occur in Mor- 
gantown. The wedding took place in the Christian church and the ceremony 
was performed by Prof. W. H. Taylor, vice-president of Bethany College. 
Lucile Johnson, of Cadiz, Ohio, a sister of the bride, and an alimma of Iota 
chapter, was maid of honor. Gilbert Quick, the brother of the groom, was 
best man. Crystal Courtney presided at the organ, and all of the Alphas in 
town attended in a body — a special pew being reserved for them. After the 
wedding supper, the happy couple left on the evening train for Cincinnati, 
Cvdiz, Ohio, and Pittsburg, the home of Rev. Quick's parents. Rev. Quick 
is a member of the Kappa Alpha fraternity, and received his degree from 
Bethanny Collie last June. Rev. and Mrs. Quick will go to housekeeping 
in their new house in South Park, April 1st. At present they will have 
rooms in South Morgantown. 

ESthel Green gave a thimble party December 21st to Iota chapter in 
honor of Bfiss Johnson. We henuned napkins, and each girl worked her 
initials in one comer of the napkin she henuned. The afternoon passed all 
too quickly with jolly conversation and good "eatins." A decree was 
passed that the custom of having an Alpha wedding at Christmas be kept 
up at aU cost, and the next victim was chosen. 

Mary Chadwick has issued invitations for a Watch Party New Year's 
eve. We are anticipating a jolly time. 

Crystal Courtney^ Cor. Sec*y. 



106 ALPHA XI DELTA 

KAPPA 

Kappa sends many pleasant greetings to her sister chapters. We are 
very busy just now with semester examinations drawing near. 

We have moved nearer the campus this year and certainly have a very 
pleasant home. There are seventeen girls in the home at present. 

We have not been doing many social "stunts" but have had a few very 
successful parties. One. an informal progressive euchre party was especially 
enjoyed. Mr. and Mrs. Crane entertained us with men friends Halloween, 
and again at military euchre. Mrs. Gamer gave us a very pleasant party. 

The g^irls are somewhat enthusiastic about the "Illio/' (our annual year 
book) roast contest. Elach sorority submits no less than fifty roasts. A 
prize is offered for the best collection. 

Last Saturday afternoon occurred the annual Pan-Hellenic dance. It 
was given in the Elks' Auditorium and only girls were present. The hall 
was very prettily decorated, a feature of the decorations being pennants of 
each sorority. The girls who lead usually wear tailored shirtwaists and 
dark skirts while their "ladies fair" affect daintier gowns. The programs 
were pretty with a colonial damsel in water color sketched upon each. 

We are anticipating an unusually pleasant year, and trust that the year 
may mean as much to all the other chapters of Alpha Xi Delta as it does to 
Kappa. Very fraternally yours, 

Elizabeth Abbott, Kappa. 



LAMBDA 

Dear Sisters: 

Again we are back at college, after having had a most delightful Christ- 
mas vacation. 

Shortly before the holidays Mrs. Dennison entertained us at her home one 
evening. We all dressed tiny dolls, and the girl who dressed the prettiest 
doll was given a prize. 

The Monday before Christmas we enjoyed our annual Christmas tree at 
the home of Persis Hannah. Perhaps it may be of interest to know the 
way in which we plan our gifts— usually jokes. Each member's name is 
written on two separate slips of paper, then each girl draws two of these 
and prepares a gift for each of the girls whose names are on her slips. In 
this way each girl receives at least two presents. After the distribution of 
the gifts we enjoyed a splendid "feed," sang songs, and had a real good, 
jolly time. 

In the play recently given by the senior girls. Lambda had two of the 
five g^irls. Amy V. Richards and Miriam S. Carleton. 

Next week Nellie Kimball, '09, is to be g^iven an informal party at her 
home in Newton, for some prospective freshmen. 

The class of 1910, medical, is to give a large dance in the gymnasium 
next week. Most of the Lambda girls will attend. Gertrude Johnson is 
chairman. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 107 

We r^ret very much to say that Mrs. Chase, one of our patronesses, 
has resigned. 

Elarly in November Lambda had the pleasure of a visit from Mary and 
Leda Aticeson, of Iota chapter. And last but not least Lambda wishes to 
express to Delta and Iota her appreciation of the kind hospitality shown her 
delegates at the convention. It is a never-to-be-forgotten event in our 
lives. Gertrude C, Johnson, Cor. Sec^y. 



MU 

Dear Sisters: 

Of Mu's nineteen charter members only twelve returned to take up 
college work, but all with such unbounded enthusiasm that our hopes for 
the year are of the brightest. 

Because of the strict Pan-Hellenic rules at Minnesota, very little rush- 
ing is being done. 

We can pledge no freshmen until April, but have pledged Alice Meloney, 
junior and Lucy White, sophomore. We feel very proud to introduce both 
of these girls to you and are sure that they will do much to help Mu to live 
up to the standards and ideals of ASA. 

We have had our one rushing party and are eagerly looking forward to 
the second, after which nothing more will be done until pledge day. 
Although we are new we have equal chances with the other sororities and 
are certain that after April we will have some splendid freshmen to tell you 
about. 

There has been one Pan-Hellenic party at Minnesota this year, at which 
Mu made her debut into Greek letter society. Besides this Kappa Kappa 
Gamma, Kappa Alpha Theta and Delta Delta Delta entertained at recep- 
tions and Phi Kappa Psi at a house-warming in their beautiful new home. 

Although we are rather busy this year we find time for some social func- 
ti<m8. We have had several small parties at "the house," which do much 
to make us feel that we are really and truly sisters. 

Helen Spink entertained at a week-end house party at her home at White 
Bear Lake, and needless to say we had a splendid time. Elsie Lathrop made 
a most delightful hostess at a Christmas party, where we all made gay with 
a Christmas tree, "Santa Claus " and various other Yule-tide amusements. 

FVumie Gordonier and Mary Shiely have returned from their first con- 
vention with unbounded enthusiasm to "do and dare " for Alpha Xi. Every 
Alpha girl should make a most earnest endeavor to go to Syracuse and find 
oat for herself what an Alpha Xi Delta convention is like. 

We feel very happy in having secured a new patroness, Mrs. White of 
St. FauL She is most charming and enthusiastic. Her generosity is shown 
by a beautiful fern which adorns our chapter room. 

Happy New Year to every Alpha and that she may have many of them, 
18 the wish of your new chapter Mu. 

Mary E. Shiely 



108 ALPHA XI DELTA 

NU 

Nu sends her greetings to all her sisters a nd wishes them a most happy 
and prosperous New Year. 

We opened our house on November 15th with a formal reception. The 
parlors were decorated with ivy and Alpha Xi Delta roses, while yellow 
chrysanthemums and our colors brightened the dining room. Our patron- 
esses, chaperon and some of our alimmae were in the receiving line. An 
orchestra furnished delightful music during the afternoon and evening. 
Nearly five hundred guests called upon us. The Gamma Phi Betas opened 
their beautiful new chapter house on the same day. 

The g^irls who were in Seattle during the Christmas holidays, and their 
friends, had a very enjoyable informal dance at the chapter house on New 
Year's Eve. 

Lela Parker gave a party at her home on Halloween evening. Fortunes, 
wizards and ghosts entertained us very delightfully. 

We are making our plans for a formal dance to be given during the first 
week of February. 

On Monday, January 13th, Ethel Ehrerett and LilHan Kiltz were initiated 
into Nu chapter. They are both lovely girls, and we feel sure that they will 
make strong and loyal sisters. 

Olive L. Mueller, 



PERSONALS 

ALPHA 

Miss Bessie Williamson has been visiting^ relatives in Wyoming, 111. 

Miss Maude Andrews was recently called to her home at New Salem, 
IlL, by the sad death of her father. 

Grace Cook will not return to school after the Christmas holidays, but 
we hope to have her with us again for the Spring term. 

Mrs. Alice Bruner and little daughters, Lois and Helen, have returned 
to Aurora, where they will occupy the new home which has been built re- 
cently. 

Miss Alleen Thompson has returned to her home in Colchester after a 
pleasant visit with relalives, Mr. and Mrs. Lieb, in Springfield. 

Miss Florence Kober spent the Christmas holidays with her parents in 
Macomb. She will return to Table Grove December 30, to resume her duties 
as assistant superintendent of the High school. 

Lois Hughes visited her sister, Mima Hughes, at the Hall for a few days. 

Miss Mabel Hendel spent several days visiting friends in Kewanee. 

Miss Ora Garver is attending the Howard Payne seminary at Fayette, 
Missouri. 

Misses Berta Pittman, of Prescott, Ark. ; Nellie Provost, of Pecatonica, 
IlL; Leila Bailey, of Stoughton, Wis., are spending the holidays at their 
homes. 

Mrs. Eklna McDonald Bonser of Macomb, 111., has accepted the pastorate 
of the Universalist church at Colchester, 111. 

Miss Mabel Irwin is spending the holidays at the home of Mrs. Dudley in 
Galesburg. 

Miss Florence Imes has changed her address to Lombard Hall. 

Mabel Hendel, 

BETA 

Beta Chapter sends most joyful greetings to all her sister chapters and 
wishes to all a most happy and prosperous year. 

Miss Alice Babb, who is attending school at Northwestern, spent Thanks- 
giving week with her Alpha sisters at Wesleyan. 

At Thanksgiving time we were delighted to have many of our sisters 
with us again, and the frat. meeting held the following Friday after Thanks- 
giving was one of the best we have had for some time. Those present beside 
our active chapter were: Alice Babb, Aurora; Aberta Stephens, Wappello; 
Nellie Tribby, Edith Van Case, Mabel Hay, Ellen Ball, Florence Couner 
Stephens, all of Mt. Pleasant. We went early and after dispensing with our 
business we had a splendid time together singing Alpha songs and engaging 



no ALPHA XI DELTA 

in the various other activities which go toward the making of an ideal Alpha 
evening. At a late hour, May Johnson, who was our hostess, served a four 
course menu, and then after singing a farewell Alpha song, we left for our 
homes. 

Miss Elva Potts of Moravia, one of our pledglings who is teaching school 
in Moravia this year, was with us four days at Thanksgiving time. 

Miss Myrtie Lauer, a senior of last year, was with us again Thanksgiving. 
She left for Oklahoma the following week, where she went for her health, 
expecting to return January 7th. 

Mrs. Florence Conner Stephens is now situated in her beautiful new 
home on North Broadway street. She was so kind as to ask us to have our 
last frat. meeting there before vacation. 

Mrs. Galer, one of our excellent patronesses, is improving slowly in 
health. She is very kind to all the Alpha girls and has asked us for our first 
frat. meeting of the new year. We most willingly accepted her kind invita- 
tion. 

School at Wesleyan closed December 20th for a vacation until January 
7th. All the girls had been looking forward to this with longing anticipa- 
tions, and the first train carried many of the homesick girls to their homes. 

Miss Ina Duncan, one of our senior girls of last year, who has been 
teaching in Toledo, la., this year, came home December 21st for a two weeks' 
vacation. 

Louise Brady, Beta, 

GAMMA 

Nellie Hawkins has returned to school after having been absent last term. 

Lucille Strong spent the vacation at her home in North Benton, Ohio. 

Mabel Heckler attended the State convention of Y. W. C. A. at Cincin- 
nati last term. 

Olga Holverson of Mu chapter, who is in Oberlin this year, visited the 
Gamma girls last term and attended our Pan-Hellenic reception. 

Miss Hanna of Oberlin visited at the frat. house on her way back to 
school, the guest of her cousin, Nancy Copeland. 

Nellie Hawkins attended the wedding of Treva Dewey to Rev. Ira A. 
Morton of Canton, 0., which occurred at Cambridge, Ohio, January 8th. 



DELTA 

Delta wishes the best of success for all the chapters during the year 
nineteen hundred and eight. 

All the Delta girls reported a most enjoyable holiday season, and all 
came back with the determination for better work during the coming year. 

The wedding of Helen Tinsley, '07, to Mr. F. C. McMillan, took place 
the day before Christmas, here at Bethany, and the best wishes of all are 
with her in her new happiness. Anna Mary Kemp, '06, and Helen Marshall, 
'09, were in the bridal party, and Eunice Orrison, '07, also attended. Mr. 
and Mrs. McMillan are now at their home on Euclid avenue in Cleveland. 



PERSONALS 111 

Delta very much enjoyed a visit from Besse Sadler, Iota, recently. She 
spent Saturday night with us, and we all enjoyed so much the interchange 
of Alpha Xi Delta notes. We all hope she will come again. 

Delta was the recipient of several very useful Christmas gifts this year. 
Instead of remembering each other every year we give to the room things 
which it needs. Several of our alunmae showed their interest in the chapter 
in a liberal manner. 

There is a great deal of excitement around the college now, owing to a 
fire which broke out in the girls' dormitory the early part of the week. 
There were no serious results, but it was thought for a few moments that 
the Hall could not be saved. The boys came to our rescue and fought the 
fire nobly. 

EPSILON 

Nina Wallace has filed upon 160 acres of government land and will take 
up her residence in a "claim shanty " the first of February. 

Mrs. Josephine Hanson Hedeen of Sioux City, la., paid the ESpsilon girls 
two flying visits last fall. "Jo " is still a loyal Alpha Xi Deltian and the girls 
hope to have her with them for their "annual " in January. 

Helen Tarbell, Helen Frazee, Helen Hill, Helen Miller, Bertha Small, 
Bertha Richardson, and Margaret Miller attended the fourteenth annual 
convention of the Young Women's Christian Association as del^^tes from the 
University of S. Dakota. 

Sister Marjorie Breeden is a flourishing young lawyer in the capitolcity. 

Helen Frazee has been out on a concert tour with Prof. Von Geldi, 
violin instructor in the College of Music. Helen has met with remarkable 
success as an accompanist and expects to make a concert tour of the state 
sometime in the spring. 

Elpsilon takes great pleasure in announcing the names of four new sisters, 
Misses Lois Nichols, Grace Sanborn, Sarah Sewell, and Marion Williams, 
and one new pledge, Miss Pearle Sale of White Lake. 



ZETA 

Those initiated into the mysteries of Alpha Xi Delta on October 21st 
were Ruth Collier of Springfield; Elizabeth Sudhoff, Richmond, Ind.; Mar- 
garet Fomshill, Miamisburg, Ohio; Lois Miller, Louisville, Ky. ; and Willard 
Wright, Springfield, O. 

Mary Hubbell, '07, is teaching Ehiglish at the high school in North 
Baltimore. 

We were very glad to have Marjorie Smith and Mary Hubbell with 
us at Thanksgiving. 

May Fidler, '07, is teaching at her home in Mansfield. 

Helen Domblaser has a prominent part in the Sophomore play which 
is to be given some time in January. 

Edith Smith and Clara Domblaser (on their way to convention) at 
Wheeling, stopped to visit Clara Schwann, who was in school last year. 

E. H. W., Zeta. 



112 ALPHA XI DELTA 

ETA 

Eta was represented at the convention by Martha Hutchings, Lena 
Baldwin and Miranda Myers. 

Hazel Algie, '09, will not return to collie for the remainder of the 
year. 

Hazel Brush, '09, who has been ill since Thanksgiving time, is much 
improved. We expect to see her back again. 

Corinnie Elnsign spent a few days during the holidays with Helen 
Truair. 

Lena Baldwin, Grace Fox, Dora Baker, and Dora Lockwood spent a 
few days at the chapter house. 

Nan Prussia, '06, who has been ill for some time, is improving. She 
will not be able to retnm and take up her school duties this year. 

Helen Chase, '09, played at public recital in John Grouse Hall recently. 

Theresa and Helen Tobin spent the holidays at their home in Syracuse. 

Gertrude Wright, '06, is not able to return to her school work for the 
rest of the year. 

Congratulations to Ehra Elliot, '08, as her engagement to Henry Big- 
low, Beta Theta Phi, Colgate, has been announced. 



THETA 

Jenny Tilhsch, our last year's interscholastic pledge, who is attending 
Carroll college at Waukisha this year, but who intends to come to Madi- 
son next year, paid us a visit from November first to fourth. 

Signe Ravn, who is spending a year in Norway, reports a very good 
time. 

Elizabeth Erb, who is teaching at Waterloo, Wis., comes to see us 
quite frequently, much to our joy. She comes in to take lessons in dra- 
matic reading. 

Charlotte Stough, who was with us last year, and who has been teach- 
ing in Lakota, N. Dakota, this year, has accepted a position to teach in 
the grades at Wausaw, Wis., after Christmas— No place like old Wiscon- 
sin! 

Frances Albers, '09, spent her Thanksgiving vacation at her home in 
Wausaw, Wis. 

Leonora Henderson, '06, who is teaching in Stoughton, Wis., comes to 
see us occasionally. 

Elizabeth Erb played Santa Glaus and presented us with dining-room 
curtains. 

Leonora Henderson did likewise and gave us a rug. 

Agnes Ravn and Marion Ryan, both graduates of '06, sent us a statue 
of Moses which they purchased while abroad during the summer. 

Mary Clin, who has been staying at her home in Beloith, Ohio, this 
year, brightened our house and gladdened our hearts, by sending us a 
bunch of beautiful carnations. 



PERSONALS 113 

Bess Adams, '06, who is teaching in this city, comes to cheer ns occa- 
sionally. We appreciate the visits of the alumnae. 

Miss Field, our chaperon, spent a day in Sun Prairie, her former 
home, where she took part in a pro^p^m g^iven by the Women's club. 

Mrs. Albers spent a few days with us this fall. A mother always 
makes any place seem like home. 

Nanna Hoegl, Car, Sec. 

IOTA 

The Watkins sisters, spent several days after convention visiting the 
chapter, before returning to their home in Grafton, W. Va. 

Lucile Johnson of Cadiz, O., was here for the Johnson-Quick wedding 
and was the house guest of Mabel Weaver for a week. 

Mary Chad wick is home for the holidays from Lutherville, Md., where 
she is attending school. 

Mary Cooper, Mabel Weaver, and Lillian Smith are spending several 
days at the Sadler home at Pt. Marion, Pa. 

Bess Sadler leaves for Wheeling Saturday, January 4th, to fill a three 
weeks' engagement singing' in one of the churches there. Bess visited 
Bertha Jane Smith in Sistersville after convention. 

Nancy Coplin is spending the vacation at her home in Boothsville, 
W. Va. 

Cora Eklna Jackson is teaching in the Tarbors Male Academy, at Tar- 
boro, N. Carolina. 

KAPPA 

Gertrude Edbrooke has left school on account of ill health, and is at 
home in Oak Park until February 1st. 

Miss Rosa Lee Gaut, Kappa's chaperone, has been ill with tonsilitis. 

Miss Winifred Campbell, ex '08, who is teaching in Tolono High school, 
spends Sunday of each week at the chapter house. 

Mary Bickel has become a member of the E2nglish club and Saidee 
Nelson has been invited to join the Mathematics club of the University. 
These are both honorary organizations. 

Mrs. Fred Rankin has accepted an invitation to become a patroness. 

Virginia Shann has just recovered from a week's illness in the Bum- 
ham hospital. 

Grace Spencer and Elizabeth Abbott visited in Pesotum over Sunday. 

Jeanette Retz, pledged Alpha Xi Delta, will enter school next semester. 

Mary Melrose, ex '08, spent a week at the chapter house recently. 



LAMBDA 

At the senior class elections Amy V. Richards was chosen odist, 
Miriam S. Carleton, chorister, and Etiiel L. Fuller was re-elected secre- 
tary. 



114 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Ethel Faller has been awarded the prize scholarship of the class of 
18d8. This scholarship is g^iven annually to "that Senior, who, at the end 
of the Junior year, shall have maintained the highest excellence in a course 
of study broadly and wisely chosen." Of course we feel very much hon- 
ored to have this prize fall to a Lambda girL 

Lannbda, 



MU 

Olga Halvorson is studying at Oberlin, O. 

Dolly Hendrickson is studying music and art in Minneapolis. 

Cora Halvorson is attending Hamline University (Minn.) 

Veldora McLeod is taking the kindergarten course at Miss Wood's 
school in Minneapolis, Minn. 

Myrtle Jones, '07, is teaching in Ellendale, S. D. 

Mary Helson, '07, is teaching in Elk River, Minn. 

Marjorie Thompson is studying music in Minneapolis, Minn. 

Iris Wood, Kappa, is teaching at the Minnesota State Agricultural 
school, and visits us occasionally. 

Mrs. Ralph Thomas, Lambda, is another dear Alpha, living in Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

Fannie Gordinier and Mary Shiely attended convention at Morgantown, 
W. Va., and report a most delightful time. 

Elsie and Anna Jones, Gamma, and Charlotte Stough, Theta, visited 
us during the summer. 

Mary Kay, Gamma, spent a short time with us while en route to 
Seattle. 

Mina Schaetzel entertained the "town girls," on New Year's Day in 
honor of Myrtle Jones and Mary Helson, who were home for the holidays. 



NU 

One of our patronesses, Mrs. Thomas Burke, is away this year, on a 
trip around the world. We expect her home in the spring. 

All of the "house girls," except Mary Kay, went to their homes for 
the Christmas holidays. Mary Kay visited around with the different girls 
whose homes are here. 

Alice Murchison spent a few days in Victoria; B. C, recently. 

Lillian Esary is to take one of the leading parts in a presentation of 
"As You Like It," soon to be given at the University. She has also been 
appointed on the committee to furnish the rest room for the "Woman's 
Leiiigue." 

Hazel Estes was unable to return to college after the holidays, and 
Hazel Geisseman will have to leave us at the opening of the new term, to 
return to her home, on account of her mother's ill health. We will miss our 
"Hazels" very much, but will be anxiously awaiting their return in the 
fall 



PERSONALS 115 

Mae McLachlan was one of the members of the committee in charge of 
the "Varsity Ball"— the big social event of the year. 

Francis Sanbome, who has not attended college this semester, will be 
with us again with the opening of the new term in February, and will 
graduate in June. 

Hazel Geisseman has been appointed on the committee to have charge 
of the "Freshman Dance." 



Dear Alpha Xi DeUaa: 

Our delegates, Betsey Harmon and Daisy Bartlett, still have many 
interesting things to tell about the convention, and they find eager listen- 
ers in their Alpha sisters. 

The Association of Tufts Alumnae held their annual luncheon at the 
Vendome, Boston. It was a great success, and we are especially proud 
as it was under the management of our sister, Fannie Clement, '06. We 
are also proud of the pretty. Daisylike toast of Daisy Bartlett. 

On the evening of the twenty-eighth of December the Boston Alum- 
nae met at the home of Ellen Bowker, '05. There were a large number 
present, and all had a slendid time. Besides telling each other all the 
news and enjoying the excellent refreshments, much was accomplished in 
the way of business. 

The Boston Chapter are to give a tea at Nellie Kimball's home in 
Newton to meet some prospective Tufts girls. 

Florence Garton, '05, was married on January 1st. 

Phoebe Johnson, '06, spent Thanksgiving with her sister in Pittsburg. 
Her sister, Eldna Johnson Austin, is also an Alpha girl. 

Ruth Sibley, '06, spent a week of the Christmas vacation in South 

Manchester, Conn., visiting Laura Watkins, '05. South Manchester is one 

of the homes of loyal Tufts men and women, among whom are three Alpha 

Xi Delta girls. 

Ruth A, Sibley, Boston Alumnae. 



ALLIANCE ALUMNA 



The alumnae g^irls are sorry to lose two of their faithful members, 
Louise Shedd-Roberts, who has moved to Chicago, 111., and Helen Miller, 
who has gone with her parents to make their home in Pasadena, Cal. 

Bom to Edith Whitla-Grow, a daughter. 

Bom to Eloise Patton-McKnight of Pittsburg, formerly an alumnae 
member, a son. 

Helen and Alice Hinshilwood spent a few weeks at Washington, D. C, 
and Jamestown Ebq)osition. 

Effie Allott also spent ten days at Jamestown Exposition and vicinity. 

Grace Darrow, who is teaching in Leadville, Colo., spent the holidays 
at her home near Youngstown, O. 

Cards are out announcing the marriage of Treva Dewe;^ and Rev. Ira 
Morton of Canton, on January 8th. We all extend our heartiest congratula- 
ticms. 

Mary Taylor, See. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



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210 East Genesee Street, . . Syracuse, N. Y. 



COPPER PLATE EISrGRAVI]SrG 

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BVBRYTHING IN BNGRAVING. 



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^i '^ 



Official Organ of the Alpha Xi Delta Sorority 



Edited and Published by ALPHA Xl DELTA SORORITY, Syracuse, New York. 
Office of Publication, 716 Irving Avenue, Syracuse, New York 



NOVEMBER FEBRUARY MAY AUGUST 



TABLE OP CONTENTS 

Page 

Pounders of Alpha Xi Delta 118 

Chapters * '* 118 

The Fraternity Directory 119 

Inter-Sorority Conference 120 

Onr Grand Officers 126 

An Alpha Xi Delta Red Letter Day 180 

Tell-Tale 182 

Kappa Kappa Gamma 183 

Nu's Chapter House 134 

Mabel Dewey Bright 186 

lota's Mary-Go-Ronnd , 136 

The Alpha Xi Delta Song Book 188 

Brery Day Council 189 

Bditorials 142 

Exchanges 146 

Announcement 160 

Chapter Letters 161 

Personals 161 

A Report of the Present Conditions of Pan Hellenics in the United States.. 166 

AdTcrtisements 174, 175, 176 

Subscription Price : $l.oo per year, payabk in advance 

Alpha XI Delts, Is published In November, February, May and Aufi^ust by the Alpha XI Delta Sorority. 

Alpha XI Delta will be sent to all subscribers until ordered discontinued and arrearages paid, as 
required by law. 

Exchanges are requested to send one copy to each of the following: Mrs. S. R. McKean, New- 
berry. Pa.; Gertrude E. Wright, Ogdensburg. N. Y. ; Mrs. J. R. Leib. 1271 West Washington 
Street. Sprhigiield. 111. 

Address all communications to the EdItor-ln-Chlef , Martha Hutchings-McKean, Newberry. Pa. 

Entered as second class matter at the Syracuse Post Office. January x3th, 1908. 



SYRACUSE, N. Y. : 
E. M. Grover, renter and Binder. 
xqo8. 



FOUNDERS OF ALPHA XI DELTA 

Lombard Coilege, Gaiesburg, Hi., April jy, J8g3 

Hattie McCullum-Gossow (Mrs. C. W. E.) Wichita, Kans. 
•Frances Cheney 

Almira Cheney Saybrook, 111. 

Lucy W. Gh^mbr Quincy, 111. 

Eliza Curtis Eyerton (Mrs. J. L.) . . Le Roy, 111. 

Bertha Cook-Evans (Mrs. Orrin C.) . Monmouth. 111. 

Maud Foster . 700 E. Fourteenth St., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Louie Strong Taylor (Mrs. E. A.) . Park City, Utah. 

Cora Bollinger-Block (Mrs. Louis) 

1416 Rock Island St., Davenport, la. 

Alice Bartlett-Bruner (Mrs. Murray T.) 
203 Fifth St., Aurora, III. 

'Deceased. 

CHAPTERS OF ALPHA XI DELTA 

Alpha — Lombard College Gaiesburg, 111. 

Beta — Iowa Wesleyan University Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Gamma — Mt. Union College Alliance, O. 

De/ta— Bethany College .... Bethany, W. Va. 

Epsilon — University of South Dakota Vermillion, S. Dak. 

2eta— Wittenberg College Springfield, O. 

Eta — Syracuse University, .... Syracuse, N. Y. 

Tbeta — University of Wisconsin . . Madison, Wis. 

Iota — University of West Virginia . Morgantown, W. Va. 
Kappa — University of Illinois .... Champaign, HI. 

JLamftda— Tufts College Boston, Mass. 

Mu — University of Minnesota . Minneapolis, Minn. 

iVu— University of Washington . Seattle, Wash. 

Alliance Alumnae Alliance, O. 

Aft. Pleasant Alumnae .... Mt. Pleasant, la. 
Boston Alumnae Boston, Mass. 



THE FRATERNITY DIRECTORY 

GRAND OFFICERS OF ALPHA XI DELTA 

President— Eia^jl Boston-Leib (Mrs. J. R.), Alpha, 

1271 W. Washington street, Springfield, 111. 
Vice-President— Bmrtua G. Cleveland, Eta, Waterloo, N. Y. 
Secretary— Mary Emily Kay, Gamma, 

. 4529 Brooklyn avenue, N. E., Seattle, Wash. 
TneasoiTer— Ellen Ball, Beta, . . . Mt. Pleasant la. 
Historian— C1.ARA Salmer, Epsilon, . . Vermillion, S. Dak. 
Editor— Martha Hutchings-McKean (Mrs. S. R.), Eta, 

Newberry, Pa. 

EDITORIAL STAFF 

Editor-in-Cbief 
Martha Hutchings-McKean (Mrs. S. R.), Newberry, Pa. 

Associate Editor 
Gertrude E. Wright, .... Ogdensburg, N. Y. 

Business Manager 
Dora G. Lockwood, Portville,N. Y. 

Assistant Business Manager 

Edith Lawrence, . 716 Irving avenue, Syracuse, N. Y. 

CHAPTER CORRESPONDENTS 

A/pAa— Mabel Hendel Galesburg, 111. 

Beta— Ix)UisE Brady, .... Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Gaflwna— Ethel Montgomery, 1674 S. Union Ave., Alliance, O. 
De/ta— Bertha Kleeberger, . Bethany. W. Va. 

Epsilon — Margaret Miller, . . Vermillion, South Dak. 
Zeta — Clara H. Dornblaser, 521 Linden St., Springfield, O. 
£ta— Margaret A. Hoard, . East Syracuse, N. Y. 

Tbeta — Nanna Hoegh, 401 Murray St., Madison, Wis. 

iota— Crystal Courtney, 723 N. Front St. Morgantown, W. Va. 
liTappa— Grace Spencer, 716 S. Second St., Champaign, 111. 
ZrajQifcc/a— Gertrude C. Johnson, 

. 217 College Ave., Tufts College, Boston, Mass. 
Afir— Laura Benz, . 5 Sherburne Ave., St. Paul, Minn 
iVff— Olive L. Mueller, 5524 16th Ave., N. E., Seattle, Wash. 
Alliance Alumnse — Mary Taylor, .... Alliance, O. 
Aft. Pleasant A7ain/ia?-ELLEN Ball, Mt. Pleasant, la. 
Boston Alumnse—RvTH. Sibley, 640 Washington St., 
Brookline, Mass. 

Custodian of Song Book— Margaret Hoard, 

East Syracuse, N. Y. 



Secretary of the Sixth Inter-Sorority Conference— Miss Elda L. 
Smith, Pi Beta Phi, 710 South Sixth St., Springfield, HI. 



INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCE 



It will not be long before we shall read that the Inter-Soror- 
ity Conference has met for the seventh time, and how many of 
us, if asked questions concerning its origin, growth and pur- 
pose, could give intelligent answers ? Last year's inspections 
have taught me that few chapters have clear ideas of this I. S. C. 
body and its work, and the object of this article is to set forth 
some iacts concerning it and the part our own sorority has in it, 
with the hope that it may help make the subject more definite. 

The movement maybe said to have originated in 1890, when 
Kappa Kappa Gamma gave it its first impulse to Pan Hellenism 
among sororities by inviting the other sororities to meet in 
convention in Boston. At this convention an attempt was 
made "to secure (1) uniformity of inter-sorority courtesy; (2) 
co-operation in purchasing fi-aternity jewelry and stationery for 
the purpose of increased security and cheapness; (3) a practical 
Pan Hellenic plan for the World's Fair; (4) uniformity in the 
dates of fi-atemity publications; (5) inter-chapter co-operation 
and etiquette." In this you see a beginning of the evidence of 
an understanding that sororities are all working for the same 
things and toward the same goal, and need to work together. 
No other like convention was held probably because there was 
no city at which representatives of all sororities could con- 
veniently meet, and probably, too, the expense incidental to 
providing entertainment for the delegates during such a session 
deterred other sororities from extending a similar invitation. 

In the spring of 1892 representatives of all the sororities 
and half the fraternities held monthly meetings in Chicago for 
the purpose of securing space and arranging a fraternity exhibit 
at the 1893 World's Fair, but as the interest among the fratern- 
ities was not equal to that in the sororities the exhibit plan was 
given up and a fraternity congress, with one-half day given to 
fraternities, a third half day to the sororities and a half day to 
the Greek press was substituted. The meetings were inspiring 
and largely attended by hundreds of fraternity men and women, 



INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCE 121 

but the time was not ripe for anything but a dawning appre- 
ciation of Pan Hellenism. 

The inter-sorority movement proper began in 1902 with 
Alpha Phi as instigator. Mrs. Whitney, Alpha Phi's grand 
president, began correspondence with six other grand presi- 
dents to find a solution to the problem of rushing, and as this 
question was one common to all, Mrs. Whitney was encouraged 
to call the first I. S. C. in Chicago in May, 1902. This was the 
beginning of annual meetings presided over in turn by the dif- 
ferent sororities. The first conference was composed of dele- 
gates from Pi Beta Phi, Kappa Kappa Gamma, Alpha Phi, 
Gamma Phi Beta, Delta Delta Delta and Delta Gamma, and 
this conference went to work to provide for an inter-sorority 
compact or agreement, and submitted a set of motions to the 
sororities for approval. The 1903 conference admitted Alpha 
Chi Omega and Chi Omega, and suggested the formation of Pan 
Hellenic associations in colleges where two or more national 
sororities exist, and urged sorority girls to take a more active 
part in college organizations which are for the good of all. 

Of the set of four motions submitted to the sororities by the 
1902 conference two passed unanimously, so the first definite 
gain was made in an agreement not to pledge before matricula- 
tion. 

The work of the conference has been always suggestive, not 
legislative. The delegates meet for friendly, helpful discussion 
of fraternity and college conditions, and recommend legislation 
to the sororities, which become a law only when adopted unani- 
mously by vote of grand councils and chapters of the sororities. 

Alpha Xi Delta became a national organization in 1902, and 
had been too busy with the work of making a national sorority 
out of a nine year old local to take notice of the conference, but 
in 1903 her attention was called to the desirability of allying 
herself with the sororities in the I. S. C. movement; conse- 
quently the 1903 convention of the Alpha Xi Delta voted to 
send a delegate to the third conference. Acting upon the invi- 
tation of the I. S. C. conference secretary, Mrs. Anna Gillis- 
Kimble, Alpha, attended the 1904 conference. Our sorority had 
to accept the legislation already passed, so when we joined the 
conference we pledged ourselves as a sorority to be (1) mem- 



122 ALPHA XI DELTA 

bers of the Pan Hellenics and to assist in their formation, and 
(2) not to pledge before matriculation; i. e., before a girl is 
registered in the freshman class. 

The 1904 conference commenced the social service work under 
the leadership of Kappa Kappa Gamma, recommended the es- 
tablishing of Women's Leagues in colleges to include all women 
students, and recommended also that Deans of Women be ap- 
pointed in all co-educational colleges. 

The conference of 1905 admitted Alpha Omicron Pi, and de- 
fined a national sorority as one having at least five chapters, 
all at institutions of collegiate rank. This was the first confer- 
ence that I attended, and according to the official list of sor- 
orities made by the third conference. Alpha Xi Delta had to act 
as secretary. The official list follows : 

1, Pi Beta Phi ; 2, Kappa Alpha Theta ; 3, Kappa Kappa 
Gamma ; 4, Delta Gamma ; 5, Alpha Phi ; 6, Gamma Phi Beta; 
7, Alpha Chi Omega; 8, Delta Delta Delta; 9. Alpha Xi Delta; 
10, Chi Omega; 11, Sigma Kappa; 12, Alpha Omicron Pi. 

The work of the conference secretary is interesting, but not 
easy, as she receives all sorts of inquiries fi-om the members in 
the twelve sororities as well as many other college women and 
educators. It was especially difficult to undertake the secre- 
taryship at my first conference, but the delegates were so kind 
and friendly and the discussions so interesting and informal 
that all was made easy. Some mention of the work of the I. S. 
C. secretary may be interesting. I took the minutes at that 
conference, had the report printed and distributed, and attended 
to the extensive correspondence throughout the year. During 
the year a constitution for the I. S. C. was proposed and will 
be adopted by the next conference. I was able to help the work 
of organizing Women's Social Service Leagues by drawing up 
a model constitution from the best points of the League consti- 
tutions of four colleges. Alphi Xi Delta presided at the fifth 
conference with Chi Omega as secretary. Our time to act again 
will not come until the fourteenth I. S. C. Though very in- 
structive and enjoyable, the work is a great deal for any Grand 
Officer to undertake with demands that come to her from her 
own sorority. The 1906 conference admitted Sigma Kappa, 
remodeled its own constitution which had failed to pass two 



INTERSORORITY CONFERENCE 123 

Grand Presidents and showed greater interest in the Dean's 
work and social service. The year I was secretary I was able 
to arrange a joint session of Deans of women of state universi- 
ties and representative sorority women in Chicago. The 
report of this session appeared in the May, 1907 journal, and 
the report of the second session, held in December, 1907, 
appears in this — May, 1908— number. 

A model constitution for Pan Hellenics was drawn up at the 
fifth conference and has helped these associations to perfect 
their organization. This year it has been made still more help- 
ful, as the sixth I. S. C. appointed a committee to collect and 
print all the best points of Pan Hellenic constitutions with 
helpful suggestions, and this report in connection with the 
model constitution of last year appears in this number of the 
journal under the title, ** A Report on the Present Condition of 
Pan Hellenics in the United States." The aim is to make the 
Pan Hellenic in each school a real, live body and have it accom- 
plish a work during the year better than merely make rushing 
rules. 

High school sororities were condemned at this conference 
and stringent measures taken to discountenance them. It is felt 
by prominent educators everywhere, as well as by the Inter- 
Sorority Conference, that the high school sorority is a coun- 
terfeit of the college sorority, that the girls comprising it are 
too young to appreciate the ends for which college sororities 
strive, consequently they copy our faults, imitate the outside — 
and bad side, — the social striving, and make no development in 
character. High school sorority girls do not, as a rule, make 
good college sorority girls and most high school sorority girls 
who have become sorority members in college are no longer in 
favor of the high school sorority. 

As has been said before, the I. S. C. is not a legislative body 
it could not be legislative and keep its field of usefulness. It is 
composed of delegates who are not empowered to act directly for 
their sororities. The custom is to have the same delegates each 
time and they are so well acquainted with each other and with 
the policies of their own sororities that they accomplish much 
but in informal discussions. The spirit of the I. S. C. is as harmo- 
nious as a chapter meeting of one's own sorority. The I. S. C. 



124 ALPHA XI DELTA 

proposes legislation to the sororities which become laws when 
approved by all the sororities in the conference. In its six 
years of life it has made the following laws : 

1. There shall be a Pan Hellenic Association in every college 
where two or more sororities exist. 

2. There shall be a pledge day adopted in every college. 

3. The pledge day shall be fixed by the Pan Hellenic exist- 
ing there. 

4. No girl shall be asked to join a sorority until she has ma- 
triculated. 

5. Matriculation is defined as the day of enrollment as a 
freshman in the college. 

These last four rules compose the Inter-Sorority compact 
that so many did not understand as evinced in last year's ex. 
amination papers, but I hope that everyone does now. The 
social service work is another topic that needs additional light. 
Perhaps the term itself sounds so remote to some of us as to be 
misleading, but when we realize that any work that takes us 
outside our own sorority interests and broadens our field of 
eflFort in college, whether it be in women's leagues, Y. W. C. A., 
literary societies, hospital and settlement work for the sorority 
— anything that is for the good of all college women — when we 
realize that we should co-operate with the authorities of our 
institutions to bring about social conditions what will exempt 
our co-educational system from just criticism, when we realize 
that if we truly love our sorority it will make us broader and 
more sympathetic with all, rather than exclusive and selfish — 
then and not until then can we rightly do the social service 
work ; but when understanding comes, how easy it all is. 

Let us urge the Alpha Xi Delta girls to take part in the 
broader college interests — go to church, teach a Sunday school 
class, anything to show that we as sorority women stand for 
high effort and progress. 

If the work of the I. S. C. has not meant much to you, if it 
has seemed theoretical, visionary and impractical I hope that 
this effort will give a clearer understanding of the real worth of 
the conference. 

Alpha Xi Delta has a place in the I. S. C. beside the older, 
long-experienced sororities, and joining the I. S. C. has done 



INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCE 125 

much to bring the sorority into recognition as one of those who 
seek higher and better things. As I. S. C. members we are 
bound to respect its laws, both in spirit and letter read its re- 
ports, and have, an intelligent understanding of its work. 

Reference has been made to the custom of sending the same 
delegate each year, a member of the Grand Council, to represent 
the sorority at the I. S. C. so that the aims and work may be 
understood and completed. The delegates become well ac- 
quainted and feel free to ask each other's assistance and to dis- 
cuss specific difficulties. Kappa Alpha Theta, Gamma Phi 
Beta, Delta Delta Delta have had the same delegate at nearly 
every conference, and the others are pursuing the same policy 
when practicable. At the last I. S. C, four grand presidents, 
two Grand vice-presidents, one grand secretary, one grand 
treasurer and three past Grand Council members were present 
as delegates. 

As an afterward, let us all take more interest in the '* only 
thing that can bridge the chasm between college theories and 
life's realities," — the Inter-Sorority Conference. 

Ella Boston Leib, Alpha 



OUR GRAND OFHCERS 



Ella Boston Leib— President 

Our grand president, Mrs. Ella Boston Leib, was bom in 
Rockland, Maine, November 21, 1877. She later lived in New 
Castle, Maine, then afterwards with her parents, left the east, 
and moved to Illinois. In September, 1893, she entered Lom- 
bard College, where, according to an early issue of the Alpha 
Xi Delta, ''she soon developed an unmistakable talent for 
elocution," and won prizes in three declamation contests. In 
1899, she received the degree of A. B. from Lombard, and the 
following year pursued special courses in elocution at the same 
college. Later she studied for a year at the Dvorak Dramatic 
School in Chicago. 

Mrs. Leib became a member of Alpha Xi Delta in 1894, and 
was in 1899 president of her own chapter,— Alpha of Alpha Xi 
Delta. Her interest has, therefore, been with the sorority al- 
most from its foundation, and even after her graduation from 
college, she remained one of Alpha chapter's active workers, for 
her home was in Galesburg. 

Her marriage to Dr. John Robert Leib took place, October 
29, 1902, and her home has since been in Springfield, Illinois. 

When that most important step, making Alpha Xi Delta na- 
tional, was undertaken, Mrs. Leib worked long and faithfully. 
She served as the first grand secretary of the sorority. In 
1904, she was elected grand president, and has held that office 
till the present time, having been re-elected in 1905 and again 
in 1907. She has also been Alpha Xi Delta delegate to the In- 
ter-Sorority Conference for some years past, and presided at a 
recent meeting of that body. 

To say that Mrs. Leib has been faithful and efficient but 
poorly expresses the extent of her devotion to the cause of 

Alpha Xi Delta. She has been untiring in her labors and un- 
failing in her interest in each chapter. She has been a true and 
loyal leader, and she is for the year to come a wisely chosen 
President. Capable, attractive, dignified, yet gracious, — she 





\ 


IIKRTHA CLRVF.LAND 





OUR GRAND OFFICERS 127 

combines in herself the qualities which Alpha Xi Delta should 
always seek to find in her highest grand oflScer. 

Bertha Cleveland— Vice-President 

Bertha G. Cleveland, the recently chosen Grand Vice-Presi- 
dent of Alpha Xi Delta, was born in Naples, a little town of 
Central New York. Here she took her high school course, and 
later taught two years in one of the Naples' schools. 

In 1901 she entered Syracuse University, there completing 
the classical course with the class of 1905. During her senior 
year, she became a member of Eta Pi Upsilon,— a small secret 
society composed of representative fraternity and non-frater- 
nity senior women at Syracuse. At the time of her graduation 
she was further honored with election to Phi Beta Kappa. 

After leaving college, Miss Cleveland taught two years at 
Say ville, in southern Long Island . At present, she teaches Latin 
and English in the High School of Waterloo, N. Y. 

It was during her Junior year at Syracuse that Miss Cleve- 
land first became interested in Alpha Xi Delta. Her interest 
was so great that largely through her own efforts she brought 
about the founding of Eta Chapter. Eta girls are wont to be- 
lieve that the joys which are theirs in sorority life were made 
possible mainly by Bertha Cleveland, and they are not unwar- 
ranted in this belief. 

Bertha's interest is, however, not confined to her own chap- 
ter. She attended the Grand Convention of 1905, and was 
there elected editor of the Alpha Xi Delta. This position she 
held for two years, filling it with great credit to herself and to 
the sorority. The work brought her into contact with all the 
chapters, and personal visits to some of them further widened 
and deepened her outlook as a fraternity woman. For una- 
voidable reasons, she was obliged last fall to resign from her 
position as editor, but the fact that she is still a member of the 
Grand Committee augurs well for the future policy of Alpha 
Xi Delta. Her rare good judgment, her tact, her unfailing 
loyalty to high purposes and high ideals all unite to make her 
devotion to the sorority the more valuable. She is, indeed, a 
vice-president of whom we may rightfully be proud. 



128 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Mary Emily Kay— Secretay 

Mary Emily Kay, the present grand secretary of Alpha Xi 
Delta, was bom in Alliance, Ohio, November 1st, 1882, and 
was educated in the public schools of that city, from which she 
graduated in 1899. She entered Mt. Union in the fall of 1899. 
During her first term she became a member of S. L. C, a local 
sorority, and at once shared its ambitions. Her fondest hope 
was realized when S. L. C. became Gamma Chapter of Alpha 
Xi Delta, the formal installation of the chapter taking place at 
her home in the summer of 1902. 

Gamma has enrolled many enthusiastic members, but Mary 
Kay has surpassed all others in her tireless and unceasing work 
for the advancement of Alpha Xi Delta. Not only has her ability 
been recognized and appreciated by the local chapter, but by the 
national as well. In 1903 she was made grand chaplain and 
also served as assistant editor of the sorority journal during 
the same year. A smile still comes to the faces of the older 
Gamma girls as they recollect Mary's anxiety for the where- 
abouts of her prayer book. 

She was graduated from Mt. Union College with the class 
of 1904, receiving the degree of Ph. B. The college records tell 
us that she was honored with the presidency of her class during 
her Senior year. 

In 1904 the national convention was held at Mt. Union, and 
at this convention she was chosen grand secretary, and has 
most efficiently served in this office to the present time. Her 
disappointment was great when it was necessary that she miss 
the last national convention in order that she might be present 
at the opening of the fall semester at the University of Wash- 
ington, where she is studying this year. 

Her wise counsel and sterling qualities have been greatly 
missed by both active and alumnse girls at Alliance, but we feel 
confident they are serving well our new sisters in the west. Her 
efficiency is so well known in every chapter that nothing need 
be said as to what can be expected of her as a grand officer. 
Her four years of faithful service which she has given to the 
sorority, as its grand secretary, are the best kind of assurance 
that her work is in good hands. 



OUR GRAND OFFICERS 129 

Ellen Ball— Treasurer 

Ellen Ball, of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, was elected grand treas- 
urer at the convention held at Morgantown last November. 
She is one of the charter members of Beta Chapter, and has 
always taken an active interest in sorority affairs. She is a 
graduate of Mt. Pleasant High School, and attended college at 
Iowa Wesley an University. Miss Ball has also traveled exten- 
sively and is eminently fitted for a position as grand officer of 
the sorority. Coupled with a charming personality and broad 
knowledge of sorority affairs, she is also possessed of rare busi- 
ness judgment and executive ability. That Miss Ball, as a grand 
officer, will have a prominent part in the future development 
and policy of the sorority goes without saying. She is fitted 
and worthy of any honor which may be given her by Alpha Xi 
Delta. 

In addition to her sorority work, Miss Ball is prominent in 
the work of the P. E. O. sisterhood, which was organized at 
Mt. Pleasant at Iowa Wesleyan University. For two years she 
has been the president of Original Chapter **A", and was one of 
the delegates from Iowa to the grand convention held last fall. 
This spring she goes as the delegate from her own chapter to 
the state convention for the fourth consecutive year. 

It will be seen that our treasurer brings to the Grand Com- 
mittee experience which will be most advantageous to Alpha Xi 
Delta along all lines ; in addition to this, her personal qualifica- 
tions promise unusual efficiency in the performance of the duties 
of her office. 

Clara Salmer— Historian 

Clara Salmer, our new historian, modestly refuses to tell 
much about herself. She was born in Vermillion , South Dakota, 
and there attended the public schools. Later she entered the 
University of South Dakota, and completed the course in that 
institution leading to the degree of A. B. She afterwards took 
a course in library science at the University of Illinois. 

Miss Salmer was a charter member of Epsilon Chapter, and 
is a very enthusiastic and loyal Alpha. Those of us who had 
had the pleasure of meeting her at convention last fall know 
her to be a most attractive and interesting girl, and we feel sure 
that our convention made no mistake in placing her upon the 
Grand Committee. 



AN ALPHA XI DELTA RED LETTER DAY 



There are, in every land, many days very dear to the hearts 
of the people, days of great import which concern their life as a 
nation. Perhaps it is the birthday of some national hero of 
peace or war who has conquered with the pen or the sword, the 
anniversary of a day on which the nation was founded, received 
a new lease of life, escaped some great calamity, or gained its 
independence. Such days we find in every clime; but we are 
most familiar with the holidays of our own land. Welook for- 
ward to them and make a great preparation, but often forget 
their true significance. 

The year rolls around ; Thanksgiving day comes, and with 
it, family reunions. Aunts, uncles and cousins gather, from far 
and near, around the board groaning with its weight of tur- 
key, vegetables, nuts and old fashioned desserts. Even the poor- 
est home has long looked forward to this day, and celebrates it 
with some extra dish. We eat, drink and are merry; but how 
few of us spend even an hour of that day thanking God for the 
blessings which he has showered upon us during the past year, 
and poured upon this nation since that first New England 
Thanksgiving when the ships came from across the sea. 

We spend the Fourth of July amid the sound of fire crackers 
and cannon, and end the day with a grand display of fireworks. 
The last red light bums low and flickers into darkness. But 
how many have thought during that day of our independence 
and the men who gave their lives for it? How many have re- 
membered that our nation had its birth that day ? 

Thus our country serves its heroes ; but how does the world 
treat the great world conquerer, the King of Kings and the 
Lord of Lords? Each year we celebrate His birthday and 
resurrection ; but what do the words Christmas and Easter 
call up? Christmas has come to mean a day of gifts. It brings 
to the child-mind stories of Santa Claus, stockings hung by the 
fire place, or Christmas trees loaded with gifts. Perhaps one of 
its memories is the oft repeated chapter with the angel's song 
of" Peace on Earth;" but usually the unspeakable gift is for- 



AN ALPHA XI DELTA RED LETTER DAY 131 

gotten, that gift which should keep Christmas in our hearts all 
the year. 

And Easter ! These beautiful spring days tell us that it is 
very near. The robin has come, the grass is fast growing 
green, and spring in all its beauty is upon us. Soon the violets 
will peep from the green, and in that season will come Easter, 
the anniversary of the day which, years ago, founded our re- 
ligion, a reli^on which ought to keep the highest ideals before 
us to control our lives. 

As a sorority, we too, have read letter days, which are of 
utmost importance to us, and among them Founder's Day, 
heads the list. It is pleasant to think that the founding of our 
dear Alpha Xi Delta took place so near Easter, the day on 
which was founded the religion from which we have drawn our 
fraternity principles. Founders' Day and Easter Day, names 
which should live in the heart of every loyal Alpha Xi Delta ! 
The noblest of sorority ideals based upon true religious life ! 

The principles emanating from both may be neglected or 
quite forgotten. We are apt to mistake the form for the spirit, 
even as we forget the meaning of our national holidays. As 
some think that church suppers are Christianity, and are satis- 
fied to spend one hour a week in church, and then to go out 
and live careless lives for six days, so we can forget the real 
meaning of our sorority. We can make great preparations for 
Founder's day, buy something for our chapter house, receive 
gifts from our alumnae, have our freshmen entertain us with a 
play, and perchance have our history read. Then, standing in 
our charmed circle, we may sing a few songs, and enter upon 
the work of another year pronouncing Founders' day a great 
success. 

But no matter how much time and effort we put into rush- 
ing during that year, no matter how many social functions 
form a part of our college life, we may still be very poor Alpha 
Xi Deltas. Rushing parties are not Alpha Xi Delta any more 
than church suppers are the church. Just as soon as we lose 
sight of our ideals, the message of our pink rose, and that of our 
colors three, just so soon the sorority ceases to exist for us, 
and let us lose sight of them for long, the sorority has lost a 
member. Enrolled in name, we are not united in heart, and 



132 ALPHA XI DELTA 

are worse than useless. Not only have we lost the greatest 
blessing which onr sorority can give, but we become a dead 
weight drawing other loyal girls away from that which we 
have forsaken. 

May we not work together to make Founders' day a pre- 
cious timejwhen we will call up the principles which are the spirit 
of Alpha Xi Delta, and through which only can she live? I ask, 
dear Alpha Xi Deltas, that you make it a time when we will 
gain strength for the year to come, and then, through all the 
ensuing months, live our principles every day. 

Ida Elaine Putnam^ Eta. 



TELL-TALE 



As I came to the very topmost stair, 

He tugged at my coat and tangled my hair. 

Howling, wailing, whistling, he flew. 

Closer his whirling circles grew, 

As he pointed his scornful finger blue. 

Screaming with every gust anew, 

** *Twas you, you, you-oo-o ! " 

Who puts oflf duties from sun to sun ? 

Who failed to curb a heedless tongue ? 

Guilt stung my cheeks to a crimson hue, 

I closed my ears, but the sound came through. 

Still pointed that doleful finger blue, 

With wailing query, "Who, who, whoo? 

'Twas you, you, you-oo-o ! " 

You can't hide sins while breezes blow. 
For they, Midas learned, tell all they know. 
Old Aeolus cries each folly you do. 
So keep that path which is straight and true. 
That you may laugh at his finger blue. 
And answer that query, **Who, who, who?" 
•* 'Tis not you, you, you-oo-o ! " 

Amy Viola Richards^ Lambda 




Phi nelt Palh, Univenily o( 



KAPPA KAPPA GAMMA 



Kappa Kappa Gamma was founded at Monmouth, III., on 
October 13th, 1870, the anniversary of which day is generally 
celebrated by its chapters. 

From the foundation of the fraternity until 1878, the execu- 
tive power was vested in the parent chapter, and for the suc- 
ceeding three years in the chapter at Illinois Wesleyan. The 
convention of 1881 replaced this system by a grand council, 
composed of four elective members, who attend to the aflfairs of 
the fraternity during the interval between the conventions. 
Later, however, one more officer was added to the list of the 
grand chapter until now there are the president, secretary, 
treasurer, registrar, and editor. The sorority journal is called 
•*The Key." Its first number appeared in May, 1882, under 
the title of " The Golden Key." It was the first journal pub- 
lished by a women's fraternity. A very unique publication has 
been the Kappa Kappa Gamma calendar in chart form. It con- 
tains daily quotations and the date of founding of each chap- 
ter. 

The badge is a golden key an inch in length. On the stem 
are the letters ** K K r," and on the ward the letters ** A a o " in 
enamel. Each badge bears the chapter letter. The colors are 
shades of light and dark blue. The flower is the fleur-de-lis. 

Following is a list of thechapters of Kappa Kappa Gramma : 

Monmouth College. Simpson College. 

Knox College. Boston University. 

Smithsonian College. University of Iowa. 

Indiana University. Northwestern University. 
Illinois Wesleyan University. Adrian College. 

Rockford Seminary. University of Syracuse. 

University of Wisconsin. Cornell University. 

University of Missouri. University of Kansas. 

Dc Pauw University. University of Nebraska. 

Uni versity of Worcester. University of Cincinnati . 

Buchtel College. Allegheny College. 

Butler College. Ohio State University. 

Franklin College. University of Pennsylvania. 

St. Lawrence University. University of Michigan. 

Ohio Wesliqraii University. Barnard College. 



134 ALPHA XI DELTA 

University of California. Stanford University. 

University of Minnesota. Swarthraore College. 

Hillsdale College. University of Colorado. 

Lassere Seminary. Ttilane University. 

Washington State University. 

Of these chapters, twenty-nine are active, and the remaining 
ten inactive. There are also thirty-two alumnae associations. 
Thirteen of the active chapters rent houses. 

Kappa Kappa Gamma has a total membership of 4»2349tlie 
active membership being about 500, and the average initiation 
200. 



NU'S CHAPTER HOUSE 



'*If you like, we will put you in charge of Nu's oflicial 
guides, the poor freshmen, and take you a journey through No* 
land. First, we will sit on the wide porch that runs across the 
front of the house and enjoy the scenery and spring sunshine. 
You know we are not far from the campus with its rambling, 
woodsey paths and starry dog-wood just in bloom. If you arc 
ready we will go into the reception room ; now you see it is 
prettily paneled in dark wood according to the mission style. 
Yes, we surely enjoy the cozy corner by the big fire-place; it 
often comes in handy. Those stairs lead to the upper regions 
and the girl's dainty rooms ; sometime we will take you up 
there. That is our chapter room, beyond the wide arch; we 
find it very bright and comfortable. Those pennants are col- 
lected from many sources and the full book-cases show how 
very studious we are. Back of this room you can see our long, 
narrow dining room whose walls and furnishings also are in 
mission effect. That door leads into the cook's kingdom which 
consists of a nice kitchen, pantry, servants' rooms, and back 
porch. They lie back of the reception room, you see. Let us go 
back there now and have a good talk. There are ten g^ls in 
the house at present, and a jolly crowd they are. Two new 
ones have just delighted us by moving in ; they are such fine 
girls and will make splendid sisters. Remember that we are al- 
ways glad to welcome you here and give our love to our other 
dear sisters, wherever they may be." 

Dorothy Mason, Nu^ '11. 






'•U, 



THE NEW YCltK 

PUBLIC LIBRA HY 



A8TOR, LENOX AND 
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS. 






MABEL DEWEY BRIGHT 



Mabel, wife of Rev. Harry E. Bright, pastor of the M. E. 
church at Datnasctis, Ohio, died at her home in that place on 
Tuesday afternoon, March 17, 1908, at one-twenty o'clock, 
after an illness of six weeks from septisaemia. 

She was the daughter of Rev. and Mrs. H. W. Dewey, at 
present a presiding elder in the eastern Ohio conference, and was 
born at Orange, Ohio, March 15, 1882. 

She received her education at Mount Union college, where 
she is well remembered as a close student, and for a long period 
as secretary of the Y. W. C. A., and an active worker in all 
church organizations. 

On August 15, 1905, she was united in marriage to Rev. 
Harry Bright, at Massillon, Ohio, where her parents were liv- 
ing at that time. Soon after their marriage, they went to New 
Waterford, where Mr. Bright was located as pastor of the 
church. Remaining there for two years they removed to Da- 
mascus, Ohio, in September, 1907. 

She leaves a husband and one child, six weeks old, besides a 
host of friends. 

She was a member of the local society of S. L. C, and be- 
came a member of the Alpha Xi Delta. She was loyal to her 
sorority and always took an active part in all of Gamma's affairs. 

She had a sweet and loving disposition, and was always 
ready to lend a helping hand to any one, and therefore had 
many friends. 

She roomed at the sorority house while at Mount Union 
college and all the girls loved her dearly. She was the kind of 
a girl that we all liked to have as a friend and sister. 

The funeral took place on Thursday, conducted by Presiding 
Elder J. C. Smith, of Alliance, Ohio, and interment was made 
in Grand View Cemetery, Salem, Ohio. 

Death came to her as a sleep, and her hope bridged the dark 
valley between the two worlds. 



IOTA'S MARY-GO-ROUND 



(A vacation suggestion for other chapters. — Ed.) 

It began with " Mary Meek," who made out the "route," 
and wrote the first letter soon after commencement. The family 
was just settled down at Lawn vale for the long summer's rest, 
after a strenuous nine-months as a "professor's family" in 
Morgantown. But there was no danger of their losing any 
Alpha Xi Delta enthusiasm, according to ** Mary Meek," for 
Lawnvale is a wonderful place, " The sunsets are always in 
double blue and gold, there are pink roses in the old garden, 
and even the chickens and turkeys (Would you believe it?) all 
wear quills!" 

Then came Drusilla Johnson with an account of the Bethany 
College commencement at which four Alpha Xi Delta girls were 
graduated. Nancy Coplin did not write an essay on "My 
Cares as a Schoolmarm," for fear of either giving us all nervous 
prostration or putting us to sleep. She didn't like the idea, 
either, that all "wearers of quills" were Alpha Xi Deltas, for 
one of them was her particular enemy, and she seemed eager to 
try her new knowledge of cooking on him at once. 

"Mabel Jane" told of delightful visits among the girls at 
Morgantown without any professors to be reckoned with the 
next day. And of quite as much interest were her notes of the 
" boys," and her solemn warning to Drusilla about one in par- 
ticular. Mabelle and Blanche Watkins were having many pic- 
nics and rows and " swims " on the river. Blanche liked espec- 
ially to teach other girls to swim because she loved to hear 
them squeal when they first struck the water. They enclosed a 
snap-shot taken as they "paddled their own canoe." 

Ethel Green was having her vacation troubles scrambling up 
and down the hills, " trying to name every green thing in sight 
and to satisfy Dr. Sheldon's misguided curiosity about the exact 
number of legs the wooly caterpillar has." She adds however, 
"I let someone else pick the animal up." "Mary Stewart" 
told of " black berrying fun," and vacation trips, and invites the 
whole chapter to a trip in the launch. Crystal was in the 



IOTA'S MARY-GO-ROUND 137 

midst of Summer school examinations, but snatched a moment 
to give the latest university news, and to get even with ** Mabel 
Jane" about some of the boys. 

Bertha Jane Smith had made some convention plans and 
Bess Sadler had taken a long pleasure-trip to Washington and 
Jamestown with four Alpha girls from Delta chapter. Lillian, 
also, had been to Washington and was resting at a fine old 
country-place in eastern West Virginia where she could be as 
lazy as the squirrels that play in the groves around the house. 

Leda had been in Kentucky, and enclosed a new "fratsong,*' 
by '* Mary Meek,'* forthe girls to try on their pianos.*' ** Mary 
Coop" was away down in sunny Tennesee, and with a ham- 
mock under a canopy of tree branches and a lovely river to 
swim in, was getting as ** shiftless and good-for-nothing as any 
Tennessee mountaineer,'* — a strange thing to one who knows 
Mary Coop's strenuous nature. 

"Mary Chad*' was having a jolly vacation ** cramming" 
German, but she seems to find time for several other things be- 
tween times. Helen wrote from her ** cosy nest " in South Park. 
Lacile, who had been with Delta chapter the past year, de- 
scribed the annual banquet, and sent a loving message to each 
girl. And last of all, Cora Jackson in North Carolina, ** a land 
of white sand, negroes, and cotton," wrote much of interest 
about the people she had met. 

Perhaps you think all this was trivial, for Iota, as usual, 
went in for a good time when her work was over. Some bits 
of nonsense like **Mary Meek's" "quills," and "Mary Stew- 
art's" blackberries ran through all the letters. But we real- 
ized that the letter was, as several girls remarked, " as good as 
fi-at meeting, exactly," and kept up the Alpha spirit which 
otherwise might have lagged. 

Then, what we think is best of all, the letter did not stop 
with the opening of school, but goes "Maryly" on its way 
among the girls who could not come back, carrying each time 
a long letter from the chapter with all the latest news of " frat " 
doings and plans. Iota 



THE ALPHA XI DELTA SONG BOOK 



The song book is out at last! It has been wanted, and en- 
quired about, and unheard of, for so long, that it almost had 
been given up in despair. But now it is really ready, with more 
than half a hundred inspiring songs for us. Especially had 
those who had it in charge begun to feel anxious at the long 
delay following the reading of the proof sheets. They were 
tempted to wonder if perhaps after all the large bundles of 
manuscript, so laboriously read, were only a part of a dream 
so Tivid that it seemed real. However, the dream has mater- 
ialized, greatly to the delight of all concerned. We earnestly 
hope that it will meet the expectations of every chapter. 

In Eta chapter, the first Friday evening after the song books 
were received, the girls seated themselves on the floor, and sang 
nearly every song between the covers of the book. Was that 
not a warm welcome ? It seems hardly necessary to bespeak a 
like reception for it elsewhere, for we are sure each Alpha g^rl 
wants to own a copy of the book. 

The price of the book was fixed by our convention last fall 
at 75c per copy, payable in advance. For each copy ordered, 
4c extra must be enclosed for postage. 

Address all orders to 

MARGARET HOORD, 

East Syracuse, N. Y. 



EVERY DAY COUNCIL 



PERSONALITY IN THE SORORITY 

It is a well known saying that we become like our ideals. 
The ideal sorority life is that which always, utider all circum- 
stances, upholds and exemplifies the beautiful teachings of the 
sorority. Then the question arises, do we each possess enough 
individuality to strive to attain the ideal as it appears to usy 
or will we allow ourselves to drift in the wake of the vessels 
who have set sail in previous days and whose splendid abilities 
have commended our admiration ? 

I plead for the development of personality in sorority life. 
As each flower of the field, each tree in the forest has its own 
individuality, so each human mind has its own particular 
beauty and charm of originality in manner and expression. It 
is the **ego" that must express itself in a manner peculiar to it- 
self and with words which are its own in order to do the best 
of which it is capable. Like David of old,- we had better cast 
aside the heavy armour which is not our own and fight our 
battles in life with only a sling and stone, if by that means we 
can obtain the best results and stamp the work as our own. 

How monotonous the world would become if all persons had 
the same outline of face and figure ! Think of the effect if even 
one feature, for instance the nose, was of the same general 
shape on each individual's face! How tiresome, too, if all per- 
sons adopted the same particular style of dress! Now would we 
not be just a mirror, if we adopted other's ways of thinking and 
acting ? The remark was once made concerning a certain club 
that they all seemed to possess a marked degree of individuality 
before they were members, but afterwards each one seemed to 
cast off'his own personality and in all his work and actions as- 
sumed that of the former members. Do we who desire to do 
our utmost for the sorority, whose name we bear with so much 
pride, wish to be known in this way ? Surely not, for in that 
state of affairs progress is impossible and in the complexity of 
human nature no two persons are alike. Let us study nature, 



140 ALPHA XI DELTA 

and as her objects each possess their own individuality — yet 
blend into one perfect whole, so may our individual character- 
istics and personalities blend into one harmonious sisterhood. 
Let us then never be slaves either in thought or action, but 
may we always cherish the gift of personality that heaven has 
bestowed upon us. 

Wilda Mathias, Gamma, 



A 'SUGGESTION FOR SUMMER 

Vacation time, which is now so close at hand for another 
year, must, of necessity, be primarily a time of rest and recrea- 
tion for the college girl. Were it not for this yearly respite for 
the recuperation of worn nerves and tired brain, few of us could 
withstand the strenuous round of work and worry and fan for 
a four years course. 

But vacation may also be a time for planning, and often the 
next year's **extras" may be materially lightened by a little 
thought during our leisure summer hours. 

How easily, if we only would, might we plan out the details 
of some gay little party for the girls next year— pretty schemes 
of room and table decoration, and new forms of entertain- 
ment for the inevitable rushing parties, as well as for the larger, 
more formal functions, 

The time element, — which is always so sorely lacking in 
school days, — can hardly be overestimated in the planning of 
such affairs. Without care in detail, the best effect is not 
obtainable. Only when the scheme has been some time in mind 
do the little touches which go so far toward success unite har- 
moniously. 

So, some cool, rainy day, let us mount the attic stairs and 
overhaul the accumulated treasures there. The unlimited pos- 
sibilities in the way of fancy costumes hidden away in the dark 
corners can hardly fail to fire the fancy of the least imaginative. 
A very little thought will plan out and a few minutes sufiice for 
nimble fingers to fashion a costume as dainty or as grotesque 
as one could vrish. 

All this need take but little time, — such as perhaps would 



EVERY DA Y COUNCIL 141 

otherwise be idly spent. And next year the girl with her fancy 
costumes safely stored away and her head full of new ideas 
can do her part on the committee in a way to make her less 
thoughtful sisters rise up and call her blessed. Besides, neither 
her college work nor her own ** appearance" will suffer so 
severely thereby, as is now too often the case with the over- 
burdened sorority ** committeeman.*' 



EXPANSION FROM A WESTERNER'S POINT OF VIEW 

The power of voting upon petitions given to the different 
chapters and to each member of the Grand Committee is of 
more consequence than might be supposed. It is a responsi- 
bility which each voter should weigh heavily before making her 
final decision. 

Without extensive travel it is hard to know and to real- 
ize the vast difiFcrences that exist between the various parts of 
our United States. We must always bear in mind that in such 
a vast territory we have room for greatly varying conditions. 
Some of these come from diflFerences in climate, which produce 
corresponding eflfects in temperament ; some are caused by dif- 
ferences in ideas and ideals; and others by varying financial 
conditions and occupations. 

The great mistake so very often made is that of judging the 
students in other colleges by the conditions prevailing in our 
own. Unless we make ourselves familiar with the life in other 
colleges by putting ourselves into their environments we are 
not prepared competently to judge of them. Much as we love 
our own chapter, not one of us would wish to have all the other 
chapters duplicates of our own. To make a perfect whole, our 
sorority requires the qualities which the northerner, the south- 
erner, the easterner and the westerner will bring us. 

Would it not be well for each and every one of us to educate 
herself to see from the others* point of view ? Let us make an 
honest endeavor to become better acquainted with all condi- 
tions and lay aside all prejudices before we make our final de- 
cisions. 

Rosalia McNamara, Nu 



EDITORIALS 



The Journal is published for the good of Alpha Xi Delta, for 
the greatest good of the largest possible number of her mem- 
bers. Just what our quarterly ought to be to meet such require- 
ments is the problem ever before the minds of the editorial staff. 
However, could the members of the staff receive the co-opera- 
tion of every sister, the time and labor spent upon the Journal 
might be much more fruitful of helpful results. We do not now 
refer to the matter of subscribing for the Journal. Every 
Alpha should do this as a matter of course, and we covet for 
our subscription list the name of every alumna. Neither do we 
here have in mind business-like promptness in repljringto letters 
and requests from members of the staff, though such prompt- 
ness is often more desirable than it is prevalent. The co-opera- 
tion we now ask for consists of ideas and suggestions, especially 
from the alumnse. Every sister, — active or alumna, — under- 
stands the local conditions and problems of her chapter better 
than the editor possibly can. It is, therefore, in that sister's 
power to tell us what discussions and articles are most needed 
by her chapter. Then oftentimes there appears in some publi- 
cation which the editor never sees, — even though perhaps she 
should do so, — an article which would be most interesting and 
helpful to our readers. If you find such articles, send them to 
us. If you want a discussion on a certain subject, tell us so. 
If you can, give us your ideas on it. Don't be afraid of offering 
suggestions too often or too soon. The Journal is yours to 
help, and to help you. 

Ji ji ji 

The results of this year's annual sorority examinations show 
the necessity for study of the fraternity world. Half of this 
list of questions were upon topics of general sorority interest, 
and many chapters were surprised to find how little accurate 
knowledge was possessed. The papers, for the most part, show 
a lack of thought and study along these lines. The last con- 
vention adopted Mrs. Ida Shaw-Martin's Sorority Hand Book 



EDITORIALS 143 

as the official reference book of the sorority, but no rule was 
made obliging the chapters to purchase it, as the belief was 
that its intrinsic worth would recommend it. Since examina- 
tions are over the chapters will realize the necessity for such 
information as the Hand Book contains, for more than one will 
be disappointed at the low average received, and it is hoped that 
every chapter will purchase enough copies to supply its members. 
Purchase the Hand Book and study it thoroughly before next 
year's examinations. Alpha Xi Delta requires her girls to be 
well informed on general sorority lines and there is no better 
source of handy and accurate information than the Sorority 
Hand Book. 

ji ji ji 

The welcome news that Alpha Xi Delta song book is now 
ready for circulation doubtless reached many of our chapters 
some weeks ago. However, we are pleased to make announce- 
ment of it elsewhere in these pages, and to bespeak for it a cor- 
dial reception from every chapter. The long felt want of such 
a book warrants us in saying that it must surely prove most 
serviceable and helpful. We trust that it will also be a source 
of much pleasure and Alpha Xi Delta enthusiasm. 

ji ji ji 

The question of fraternity extension is being widely dis- 
cussed in current numbers of college, fraternity, and other pub- 
lications. We note that many of the articles on this subject 
copy from Baird's '* Manual of American College Fraternities " 
the date of Alpha Xi Delta's founding. Mr. Baird incorrectly 
gives it as 1902. Alpha of Alpha Xi Delta was founded April 
17, 1893, though it was not till 1902 that she established her 
Beta chapter and became known as a '* national" organization. 
The sorority has, therefore, just observed ** Founders' Day " for 
the fifteenth year, and to this fact, we most respectfully call 

attention. 

ji ji ji 

Great care should be taken in selecting chapter officers. Too 
many girls arc chosen for their popularity rather than for their 
fitness to discharge the duties of an office. A safe rule is never 



144 ALPHA XI DELTA 

to elect an underclassman to the important offices,— president» 
corresponding secretary and treasurer, but elect to these the 
older and more experienced girls, while the freshmen are in 
training for the higher and more responsible places. A certain 
amount of responsibility should fall to the underclassmen in 
order to develop executive ability and a realization of the so- 
rority's aims, but give the freshmen the minor offices. 

jn Jt jn 

All subscriptions, orders for Journals, and instructions or in- 
quiries relating to the mailing of the Journal should be ad- 
dressed to the business manager or her assistant. Only matter 
intended for publication, or communications relative to such 
matter should be addressed to the editor. The exchange de- 
partment is in charge of the associate editor, and any ques- 
tions or instructions regarding exchanges are to be sent to her. 
We make these statements because the organization of the work 
of the staflF does not seem to be understood by our subscribers. 
The members of the staff will consider it an especial favor if the 
chapter editors and other correspondents will keep in mind 
these facts, and put them into actual practice. 

ji ji ji 

The series of brief historical sketches which we are publish- 
ing concerning sororities other than our own has been arranged 
according to the order in which the various societies were 
founded. According to that sequeal, the article on Kappa 
Kappa Gamma should have preceded the one on Delta Gamma 
which was published in our last number. But since the sketch 
of Kappa Kappa Gamma was inadvertently omitted, it ap- 
pears in this number. 



EXCHANGES 

EIxcHANGE Editor, . Gertrude E. Wright. 



[Exchanges are requested tx> send one copy tx> each of the following : 
Mrs. S. R. McKean, Newberry, Pa.; Gertrude E. Wright, Ogdensburg, 
N. Y.; Mrs. J. R. Leib, 1271 West Washington Street, Springfield, 111.] 

We gratefully acknowledge the following publications, calling attention 
to a few of the many interesting and instructive articles : 

J* 

Kappa Alpha Theta: 

IfarcAH-" Fraternity E3xtension." (In connection with this article are 
carefully prepared maps, showing geographical extent and establish- 
ment, with respect to time of women's fraternities.) 

The Delta Chi Quarterly: 

Fe6ruary— "On to Syracuse." (This article announces the coining of 
the 14th annual convention to be held in Syracuse April 20, 21, 22.) 
"Was the Second Hague CJonference a Farce? " Edwin Maxey. 

The Mask of Kappa Psi : 

January— (This number contains an account of the 10th annual conven- 
tion, held at Philadelphia. ) 

The Trident of Delta Delta Delta: 

Fe6rttary— (As Alpha Xi Delta was unable to be represented at the 
Deans Ck)nference, thanks for this report is due to the "Trident of 
Delta Delta Delta." 

CONFERENCE OF DEANS OF WOMEN OF STATE UNIVERSITIES. 

The annual meeting of the Deans of Women of State Universities 
was held at the Stratford hotel, (Chicago, 111., December 19 and 20. 
Deans of Women were present from most of the State Universities 
in the territory as far west as Lincoln, Nebraska, and as far east as 
Ithaca, New York. Following the precedent of two years ago. Dean 
Jordan, of Michigan, through the secretary of the Inter-Sorority 
Conference invited each fraternity in the Conference to send a dele- 
gate to the afternoon session of December 20. The following fra- 
ternities were represented by those who have come to be regarded as 
the regular conference delegates : 

n B <fr— Miss Elizabeth Gamble, Grand President. 

K A e— -Mrs. Norton, formerly district Vice-President. 

A ♦—Mrs. CJora McElroy. 

X O— Miss Jobelle Holcombe, Council Member. 

A A A— Mrs. Amy Parmelee, Grand President. 

A n— Mrs. Bigelow. 

A r— Miss Margarethe Shepherd, Grand Treasurer. 

A X O— Mrs. Dennis. 



146 ALPHA XI DELTA 

2 K— was represented but K K r, r « B and AHA were not. Miss 
Powers who had just returned from her western trip of Chapter 
inspection for Delta Delta Delta, and who had met the Deans of 
Women in the five State Universities visited, was present and renewed 
her acquaintance with three of the five. Miss Holcombe, X O, was a 
unique representative, in attendance as Dean of Women from 
Arkansas and representing her fraternity also. Other fraternity 
representatives among the Deans were Mrs. Woodward, A «, of Wis- 
consin, former visiting delegate for her fraternity, and Miss Ck)m- 
stock, A r, the new Dean of Women of Minnesota. 

Dean Jordan presided, and the afternoon was spent in a most 
helpful discussion of University problems, especially as they touched 
fraternity life and Chapters in the State universities. The discussion, 
both on the part of the Deans and the fraternity r^resentatives was 
most frank, criticisms were freely exchanged, and most helpful sug- 
gestions were offered on both sides. Among the questions which 
were considered were such as the scholarship of fraternity women, 
the complex social life, fraternity house managetnent, house rules 
and chaperones particularly the social status of chaperones, both in 
Chapter life and in university circles, co-operation of local fraternity 
alumnae, value of the office of visiting delegate or Chapter inspector, 
value of late pledge day and part of faculty in determining same, 
and the discussion of certain local problems in which the fraternity 
representatives were much interested. A motion was passed by the 
Deans that from the minutes of the Dean's Conference, the circula- 
tion of which is confined to the Deans in attendance, Mrs. Woodard, 
A ^, should compile the most helpful suggestions and recommenda- 
tions made both by the Deans and by the fraternity representatives, 
and that a copy of this compilation should be sent to the secretary 
of the Inter- Sorority conference who would then plan for the wide cir- 
culation of the same in the different fraternities represented in the 
conference. The session proved all too short for all present. 

This accoimt of the conference appeared in the Minnesota Alumni 
for January 6, and gives the resolutions passed by the conference : 

"Dean Ada L. Comstock attended the third meeting of the deans 
of women representing the Universities of Wyoming, Minnesota, 
Michig^an, Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, North Dakota, 
Nebraska, Maine and Arkansas, which was held in Chicago Decem- 
ber 19th and 20th. The following resolutions were adopted as 
expressing the sentiment of the deans present at this conference : 

"The conference is unanimously agreed that social life among 
students is excessive; that this excess is a menace to the mainte- 
nance of a high standard of scholarship ; that social functions should 
be limited to two nights a week, and should close not later than 
midnight. 

"There should be a complete Begregation in lodging-houses occu- 
pied by women. There shoukl be provided a reception-room on the 



EXCHANGES 147 

first floor and such houses should be personally supervised by the 
dean of women. 

"There should be university resident halls and in these halls 
there should always be a certain proportion of upper-classmen. 

"The self -government of students should be encouraged not only 
among the student body at large but also within smaller groups. 

"There should be no inter-collegiate athletic contests for women, 
and dramatic and musical organizations in which women take part 
should not give out-of-town performances. 

"There should be a scholarship standand of eligibility for partici- 
pation in interclass athletics and there should be a test on scholarship 
and physical fitness for participation in dramatic and musical events. 

"The conference concurs with the inter-sorority conference in 
reconmiending sophomore pledging." 

Tli€ Crescent of Gamma Phi Beta: 

Jfarcfc— "Greek Letter Societies and College Life." 

President Seelye, of Smith College, has an article in the Septem- 
ber Ladies' Hams Journal on the " Influence of Sororities," in which 
he has much to say on this very point. He speaks of the fact that 
the lives of women are necessarily contracted and their acquaintance 
limited so that the college life gives them the greater breadth of 
interest which they need. The sorority possesses all the qualities of 
the home life by narrowing the circle of friendship to its own mem- 
bers, and thus counteracts one of the great benefits to be obtained 
from the college life. To quote a bit, he says: "It lessens their 
interest in communal life and their sense of obligation which mem- 
bership in the academic family imposes." 

Any sorority woman who reads this article must feel that Presi- 
dent Seelye's judgment is rather severe and his conclusions one-sided, 
for he does not give a single paragn^ph in consideration of any ben- 
efits to be obtained from the sorority, while admitting a possible 
advantage in the fraternity. 

We have all seen the shy, awkward freshman transformed into 
a charming self-possessed sophomore, through the influence of her 
sorority sisters. Such a girl would have retired to a quiet comer 
whence no friendly hand would have drawn her forth in a woman's 
college where the sorority is tabooed. We have all seen the fim- 
loving, irresponsible girl suddenly develop a perfect genius for 
responsibility and became the bulwark of the chapter. Then there 
is ^e girl indifferent to her marks whom the watchful oversight of 
the chapter incites to more industry with the honor of the chapter 
for a motive. 



4* 



Rushing." (This article urges that the sorority girl shall not "rush " 
according to the scholastic definition of the term, which means "to 
drive or push with violent haste," "to enter precipitately." 



148 ALPHA XI DELTA 

"The Value of the Chapter Letter." 

A £rreat deal can be said about the form and quality of the chap- 
ter letter and a gfreat deal is always being said about it. We con- 
stantly hear, "write legibly, on one side of the sheet only, spell 
proper names correctly, keep a notebook to jot down the events of 
the quarter as they happen, etc., etc." Too much cannot be said 
about it all, but these are little things that tell only too surely the 
attitude of her chapter, through the correspondent, toward the chap- 
ter letter which is the one vital touch with its sister chapters. 

The editor of Beta Theta Pi says : 

The function of Beta Theta Pi and all similar journals is first and 
foremost to afford a medium for the publication of chapter letters. 
Its secondary functions are to keep the fraternity informed concern- 
ing its doings collectively and the doings of its members individually 
when such doing^s are noteworthy, to note the progress of colleges 
and institutions and other fraternities and in general too keep in 
touch with the fraternity side of college life. 

The Prater of Psi Omega : 

November—'* The Common Faith and Duty of Pan Hellenism." Walter 
James Sears, Sigma Nu Fraternity. 

Jantuiry. 

Afarc^r^" Ethical Relations Between Professional Men." Northwestern 
Dental Journal. 

The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi : 

March—** The College Home Life as a Means of Securing a Right Moral 
Atmosphere for Students." Clarence F. Birdseye. (This article is 
also printed in the March number of the Phi Gamma Delta. 

The fraternities, in their present shape, have grown out of the 
need for a new form of college family life ; they have in part sup- 
plied such need and thereby have directed attention to it ; but they 
have not created the need, and because they are homes they are 
largely limited, in supplying that need, to the good they can do within 
their own doors and to the example which they can set to those with- 
out. It is unfortunate, at this time, when we need to think clearly 
on the true meaning of the college home, that the question should be 
complicated by the high school fraternities, which bear about the 
same relation to the college fraternities that Mormonism does to 
Christianity. 

The college family life, like that of any other home, is concealed 
from the public view and fully known only to members of the family. 
Otherwise it is not true family life. But this very secrecy bands its 
members together to hide the shortcoming's of their fellows, and 
makes it difficult to reform it from without. Its seclusiveness is now 
rather that of a well-bred home than that of a secret society, and 
shows that any reforms that may be needed must come from within 



EXCHANGES 149 

the home itself. College sentiment has always delighted to thwart 
the efforts of the faculty to interfere in the students' family life. 
This was so in our own days and will always be so. 

To be ideal and to give it permanence the college home should 
embrace the upper and lower class men, the graduate and under- 
graduate, for all these can be educated and developed therein. Our 
children educate us almost as much as we educate them. The older 
brother is trained and developed through the responsibility of setting 
an example to and protecting the younger children, who look up to 
him as the "big brother." An only child is likely to be spoiled be- 
cause he lives only to himself. Hence there are true educative con- 
ditions in the fraternity home where members of all classes are 
intimately gathered together. 

President Wilson, in his memorandiun concerning the proposed 
residential quads at Princeton, our chief non-fraternity college, voices 
this thought in the following sign^ificant words : 

"It is clear to every one that the life of the university can be 
best regulated and developed only when the underclassmen are in 
constant association with upperclassmen, upon such terms as to be 
formed and guided by them." He states one of the objects of the 
Quads to be " to give to the university the kind of common conscious- 
ness which apparently comes from closer sorts of social contact, to 
be had only outside the class-room, and most easily to be got about 
a common table and in the contacts of a common life." 

I urge you most earnestly to give attention to the student life, 
and especially to that portion of it which we have called the college 
family life, whether fraternity or non-fraternity, and look upon the 
fraternities as logical growths— not as inherent evils, but as the line 
of least resistance and of the most immediate promise. But whether 
or not you agree with me as to the fraternities, I beg you to give 
inmiediate heed to the family life of our students. We shall be 
nearest the truth when we realize that at present the college family 
life is more nearly related to the parents' home than it is to the ped- 
agogy of the college, and should be studied and treated accordingly. 
We must come to appreciate that the ninety per cent, of the student 
life, with all its activities and interests, may be greater, education- 
ally, than the ten per cent, of pedagogy, and quite as well worthy of 
earnest and intelligent thought and action, and that the heart of 
that ninety per cent, for any individual in his college family life, 
whatever form that family life may take. 

The Scroll of Phi Delta Theta: 

February^** The Legal Status of a College Fraternity Chapter." Olcott 
D. Partridge. (Taken from the Shield o/ 8 A X.) 



150 ALPHA XI DELTA 

The Gamet and White of Alpha Chi Rho: 

January—*' Culture Among Greek Letter Men. " " Washington and Lee 
University. 

The Deamoe of Delta Sigma Delta: 

Fe6rttary— (This number is rich in chapter letters.) 

The Alpha Phi Quarterly: 

February-*' AlphA Phi in Y. W. C. A. Work.'* "The Round Table- 
Alpha Phi and the College World." 

BetaThetaPi: 

February—" Union College.'* "Reunion of District X and Banquet at 
Chicago." 

The Phi Gamma Delta: 

February— "A Memorial to the Founders." 
Marchr-'*A 'Kipling' Symposiae." 

The Themis of Zeta Tau Alpha: 

Fe6ruary— "Alumnae Spirit." "The Temple." 

The Record of Sigma Alpha ESpMon: 

IfarcAr-" Congressional Fraternity Men." (An interesting table of 
representatives is published, with their colleges and fraternities.) 
"S. A. E. Foot-ball Warriors. 

The Delta Upeilon Quarterly: 

The Elensia of Chi Omega: 

The Anchora of Delta Gamma : 



ANNOUNCEMENT 



Delta Delta Delta announces the establishment of Beta Zeta Chapter, 
at Kentucky University, Saturday, February twenty-second, nineteen hun- 
dred and eight. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 



BETA 

Dear Sisters: 

Beta Chapter celebrated Founders' Day by entertaining her six pat- 
ronesses at a six o'clock dinner given at the home of Miss May Johnson. 
The house was beautifully decorated in our colors and on entering the dining 
room all were greeted by the beautiful and artistic work which the decorat- 
ing committee had so faithfully done. In the center of the table was a large 
bunch of Alpha roses and these, with the dainty sprays of smilax and the 
artistic place cards, gave a most pleasing effect to tiie table. The following 
menu was served : 

Chilled Fruit Nabisco 

Roast Chicken Sage Dressing 

Mint Sherbert 
Mashed Potatoes Raspberry Jelly 

Spiced Apples Finger Rolls 

Nut Salad Wafers 

Maple Mousse Maud S. Cake 

Fondant in colors 

Coffee 

After the dinner a most excellent toast program was given. The com- 
mittee had carried out the idea of the ' 'Alpha Ship ' ' in the following program : 

Toast Mistress : . . . . Helen Coe 

1. Launching Ellen Ball 

" Sail forth into the sea, O ship 
Through ¥nnd and wave right onward steer." 

2. The Crew Mildred Brady 

"We are happy and free 
As a crew can be 
And our bark is sailing 
Over the sea!" 

3. The Pilot Mrs. W. F. Kopp 

" Set thy sails warily. 
Steer thy course steadily. 
Tempests will come." 

4. The Course Amy Cheny 

"Well, then, our course is chosen- 
Spread the sail ! " 
6. At Sea Mabel Duncan 

"Wouldst thou learn the secret of the sea? 
Only those who brave its dangers 
Comprehend its mystery." 

Another thing which I think interesting was an over Sunday house party 
which Miss May Johnson gave to her Alpha sisters. There were fourteen of 



152 ALPHA XI DELTA 

us and early Saturday afternoon all lessonB and books were laid aside and 
we went merrily on our way to the Johnson home where many good times 
awaited us. It is needless for me to say what a splendid time we had, for 
you all know what it means for fourteen jolly Alphas to get together. The 
one thing that appealed most to the girls was the delightful supper which 
Mrs. Johnson had prepared for us. This is the second house-party which 
Miss Johnson has given and all those who have ever been entertained in the 
Johnson home know the reputation which Mrs. Johnson has and to say that 
she lived up to her reputation is not enough for she far excelled any former 
occasion of this kind. After supper we went out on the large porch and 
there we sang Alpha songs for about an hour. During the evening two 
theatricals were given and these were enjoyed to the utmost. The members 
of the troupe played their parts so well that the audience was captivated. 
When the last scene was finished it was 1.30 o'clock and we now thought it 
time to ascend to higher regions. The rest of the night, or rather morning, 
was taken up with pillow and water fights, locking of girls out of their 
rooms and three of us were compelled to stand guard all night for fear of 
being bombarded. However we all went to church the next morning and 
then came home and sat down once more to a sumptuous repast. 

Louise Brady, 

GAMMA 

Dear Sisters : 

Our spring term has just opened and all the girls have returned after a 
pleasant vacation at their homes. 

The following is the account given in the college paper of our progressive 
dinner last term : 

"The girls of Alpha Xi Delta entertained their friends at the sorority 
house on East College street, Monday evening, March 2nd. 

"The house was prettily decorated with smilax, daffodils and college 
pennants. A six course progressive dinner was served. Piano music was 
furnished throughout the dinner and later f rat songs were sung. Lettered 
cards were distributed among the tables to determine who should progress. 
After each course, a sign bearing the name of a certain store was hung up. 
The guests then began to name articles found in this store and beginning 
with the letter g^iven them. Those two who named the most articles pro- 
gressed to the next table. The prize was an Alpha Xi Delta pennant." 

This term brings much work but also a great deal of pleasure for the 
Gamma girls. We are planning now to celebrate Fonnders' Day. We hope 
to have a banquet but our plans are not definite yet. Then we are all look- 
ing forward to reunion which comes commencement week. We want so 
many of our girls to come back, that we may have just the best sort of 
time together. 

With commencement comes just a wee bit of sadness, that we must all 
be separated for the summer but we hope to have most of our girls back for 
next year. Lucille Strong will be graduated so we will miss her next year, 
but as she lives near, she will surely visit us often. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 153 

Gamma Chapter mourns the loss of a dear sister, Mabel Dewey Bright, 
who died at her home in Damascus, Ohio, March, 1908. We are very grate- 
ful to the sister chapters for their kind letters expressing their sympathy. 

In March, we initiated Ruby Robens whom we wish to introduce to you 
aU as "a reaUy truly" Alpha Xi Delta. 

This year we will have a number of the Journal published during the 
summer so we will hear from you during vacation. 

Ganmia sends love and wishes you all a very pleasant vacation. 

JEthel Montgomery, 

DELTA 

Dear Sisters everywhere : 

With the return of spring come the many duties and pleasures that nat- 
urally belong to this season. All the promises of the cold, drear winter are 
fulfilled in the opening buds and the songs of the birds : so it is with us. 
We are in the spring-time of life, fulfilling the hopes and ambitions of the 
dear parents who watch us so lovingly. No matter how hard the winter has 
been, no matter how much the interest flagged then, now we all feel the 
thrill of the spring-time in our veins. 

To the girls of Delta, fortune has been most kind. There are not many 
desirable girls in school,— that is— sorority material. The winter term 
brought only two, and we have pledged both of them. They are fine, sweet 
girls, and we believe we have reason to congratulate ourselves. We expect 
to initiate very soon. This will make our number fourteen. 

Last week we had Anna Mary Kemp, one of our old girls, back on a 
visit. Her stay, though short, was an inspiration to us, and we feel more 
like fi^oing ahead and "doing great things ' ' now. Next week we are expect- 
ing two more of our last year's Seniors, and we are anticipating a very 
happy reunion. 

We wish you all the very best spring in the world. 

Yours in the bonds of Alpha Xi Delta, 

Sarah Anna Smith. 

EPSILON 

Dear Sisters: 

That we have been busy you will understand from the following accounts 
of some of the affairs in which we have been most interested : 

"The 'Annual Informal,' g^iven at the University Armory by the Epsilon 
Chapter of Alpha Xi Delta Sorority last Saturday evening, marked the most 
brilfiant college event of the season. The Armory was beautifully decorated 
with the Greek's colors in bunting artistically draped around the balcony. 
Immense strings of pink roses fell gracefully from the large center arc 
light to mil sides of the hall, giving the occasion that delightfully spring- 
time atmosphere so highly pleasing to all lovers of art and nature. Pennants 
by the scoire floating above the dancers' heads added that necessary touch, 
iwairing the ovont s distinctly collie affair. 

"Fartners for the grand march were selected by means of silk pennants 
in the acnrority colors. Shortly after eight o'clock the march began, led by 



154 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Miss Julia Sweet and Mr. Joseph ESastwood. Many artistic fig^ures were 
formed, and the rich and variesrated colored gowns i>a8sing through the vari- 
ous formations presented a decidedly artistic and elaborate spectacle. The 
march terminated in the Alpha Xi Delta two step. Music, especially selected 
by the sorority, and efficiently rendered by the Goddard Bros.' orchestra, 
proved a valuable acquisition to the general features of the evening's pro- 
gram. Out of town guests were Mrs. J. E. Hedeen and the Misses Alice 
Brenne and Genevieve Ochsner, of Soo City, alumnae members of the 
sorority. 

"Pex^ps no social function during the collie year has received such 
general and wide-spread praise and commendation. Alpha Xi Delta, the 
only national sorority in the State, must be accorded unanimous praise in 
their ability as hostess and the occasion is one long to be remembered and 
cherished by all those present." 

{From the college paper, "The VoUmte." 

At the home of the bride's parents on Forest avenue, Vermilion, at ten 
o'clock, March 25th, occurred the ceremony that united the Kves of Miss 
Florence Lorena Grange, ex-grand vice-president of Alpha Xi Delta, and 
Mr. Oliver Edwin Sweet of Rapid City. 

Guests to the number of 150 assembled in the spacious parlors that were 
beautifully decorated with cut flowers, potted plants, and ribbons, the bridal 
colors, pink and white, predominating. The flower of the Alpha Xi Delta 
Sorority, the pink rose, was in evidence in every room. 

At the appointed hour the bride, on the arm of the groom, and preceded 
by the officiating clergyman. Dr. C. S. Thoms, and the ring-bearer, Elthelyn 
McVicker, descended the stairs to the strains of Mendelssohn's wedding 
march, played by Alice Brenne. At the foot of the stairs the bridal party 
I>assed thru an isle formed by the bride's attendants, twenty-five Alpha Xi 
Delta girls, dressed in white and holding a line of pink ribbon. This line 
extended to the improvised altar of smilax and roses in the northwest par- 
lor where the beautiful and impressive ceremony was performed. 

The out-of-town guests were Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Hedeen, Misses Alice 
Breene and Genevieve Ochsner, Miss Zola Jones and Mr. E. H. Sweet. 

Misses Mabel and Elthel Richardson entertained the members of Epsilon 
Chapter at a six o'clock dinner in honor of Miss Grange. The spacious 
rooms of the Richardson residence were beautifully decorated with pink 
roses and the Alpha colors. After a delicious four course dinner, the follow- 
ing program and toasts were given. Miss Mabel Richardson acting as toast- 
mistress: 

Valse Brilliante— Chopin Lois Nichols 

Toast— " Life Partnership " Lorena Grange 

Toast— " Sweets " Sarah Sewell 

Toast— " Good Advice " Grace Sanborn 

Toast— " Our Sisters' Brothers " Mabelle Eastman 
Petite Valse— Henselt Helen Frazee 



• 



CHAPTER LETTERS 155 

Toast— " Engineering " Helen Tarbell 

Toast— "Modesty with Illustrations" . Pearle Sale 

Toast— " The Joy of Living the Simple Life " . Clara Sakner 

Toast-" East Hall, the House of Mirth " Marion Williams 

Toast— "The Kind of a Girl we Want " Margaret Miller 

Vocal Solo-"Absent" Helen Hill 

March' 17th, at the home of Julia Sweet, Epsilon Chapter entertained in 
honor of Miss Lorena Grange. After much "jollying," Lorena was asked 
to go fishing and as a result she hooked a surprising array of kitchen uten- 
sils. At the close of the afternoon's fun, a two course luncheon was served. 

The Epsilon girls who are residents of ESast Hall entertained at dinner, 

Friday evening, March 20, complimentary to Miss Grange. 

Epsilon. 

ZETA 

Dear Sisters of Alpha Xi Delta : 

It seems idmost impossible that this is to be our last issue of the Journal 
for this year, but nevertheless it is true, and Zeta Chapter wishes each sister 
soccess in the remainder of the year's work. 

We have been made happy lately, here at school, by the return of our 
dxeolar letter. We hear, in Uiis way, from each of our girls at least twice 
a year. 

This letter tells of the prospective visit of Jeanette A. Stock of Utica, 
N. T. The visit of this sister has led the other alumnas to plan a reunion for 
eommencement time ; and if it is possible we will have an old-time together 
again. 

Anna Miller, Myrtle Wildasin, Mabel Bracher, Marjorie Smith, May 
Fidler, Mary Hubbell and Mabel Winn all report a good year of teaching. 

Maud Bushey is teaching music in her home town, while Ella Swartout 
is in the Van Wert Kbrary. 

Clara Schwann and Edna Fidler are making themselves useful at home 
this year. 

Oar pledge, Martha Lowry, is to be one of the stars in the senior Acad- 
emy class play. We are very proud of her, and feel that she is proving 
worthy of her pledge. Martha is the only girl of her class who is taking 
the regular course. There are only two girls in the '08 Wittenberg Acadmy 
claas. 

ZetM entertained on the 13th of February at a valentine party. A very 
enjoyable time was spent by guests and hostesses. Mr. and Mrs. Wright 
very kindly offered us their beautiful home for the evening. 

Clara Domblaser, 

ETA 

Dear Alpha Sistere: 

Eta has bright prospects as the pleasant days of spring come. It seems 
that each girl has received a new inspiration to strive harder for dear old 
Alpha Xi Delta. 



156 ALPHA XI DELTA 

In February, Eta gave her freshman party, which was one of the most 
successful social events we ever had. We are now looking forward to cele- 
brating Founders' Day, when we hope to see many faces that are not now 
with U8. It has been our custom to let the freshmen show their ability by 
furnishing all the entertainment other than the historical part. 

Syracuse still shows great advance in building. March the twenty-fourth 
the comer stone of the new men's gymnasium was laid. The building will 
be second to none in size and equipment and will make a great addition to 
our University. 

The Washington celebration held in Lyman Hall for the benefit of the 
Historical seminar proved very successful. It was unique in character, fol- 
lowing somewhat the plan of our regular Fine Art Fake show, except that 
here the shows were of historical basis. 

Margaret Hoard. 



THETA 

We feel sure that spring is finding its abode at Wisconsin, for the lakes 
are open, the boys are playing ball on the lower campus, and the girls have 
been wearing their " Merry Widow Sailors" for a couple of weeks. 

The crews expect to begin work unusually early this year. Coach Angell 
hopes to have them busy by the first week in April. 

March 28, Mrs. Maud Wood Park of Boston addressed the alumnae and 
students of the university on the Woman's Suffrage Question. Plans were 
suggested for organizing a local suffrage league. Nothing definite was de- 
cided. 

According to the ruling laid down last year, the Wisconsin Intersholastic 
meet cannot be held on Memorial Day. These two days conflict this year* 
therefore, the high school board of control has decided upon June 6 as the 
date for the meet. This is rather unsatisfactory for the fraternities and 
sororities who do their rushing at this time, for the date comes at the b^^in- 
ning of final exams. The project of chang^ing the date has been agitated, 
but nothing definite has been decided. At the last meeting of Pan Hellenic^ 
the sororities decided to do their rushing May 30, even if the date of the 
meet is to be June 6. 

May 1, the Senior engineers will present a minstrel show at the Fuller 
opera house. 

An exceedingly exciting basketball game was witnessed at the g^ymnasium 
March 12, when Chicago defeated the Badgers by two small points. 

After the two weeks of strenuous work and worry over mid-year exams, 
we enjoyed four days of vacation, from February 13 to 17. 

Delta Kappa Epsilon won the first place in the Interf ratemity Bowling 
League. 

The Junior class play, "The Superfluous Mr. HoUoway," written by Mr. 
Stempf el, '08, was played at the opera house February 15, the evening after 



CHAPTER LETTERS 157 

the Junior Prom. The play was very successful and was repeated Monday 
evening, February 17. The money raised was turned over to the crew. 

February 22, we entertained at the house by giving a masquerade party. 
Our dance programs were little hatchets. 

iVanna Hoegh, Cor. Sec, 



LAMBDA 

Dear Sisters : 

This semester has been rather quiet for us so far in the line of social 
activities, yet we are busy planning for some good times to come. We are 
to give our annual dance on Wednesday, April 22nd, and of course we shall 
try to make it the best event of the year. We will tell you all about it 
next time. We are also planning to g^ve a series of teas to the professor's 
wives. We did this last year, and found it a very pleasant way of becoming 
acquainted. 

In the Junior play, "Tommy's Wife," which was given in the Gym m 
Karch, Ethel Aiken, 09, and Annie McCk)y, '09, took important parts. The 
play was one of the best ever given, and Alpha Xi feels proud of her two 
girls. 

A week ago the Sophomores gave their play, "A Spoiled Darling." 
Helen Bumham and Marie Wood, both '10, took part, and Elsie Chandler 
was stage manager. 

The All Around Club gave a very pleasant dance on leap-year night. It 
was a leap-year affair in every possible way, — the girls filled the programs, 
flowers were sent to the men, and patrons chaperoned. E&ch of the patrons 
wore a bunch of daffodils. In every way the dance was a most successful 
(me. 

The Girls' Glee Club, under the leadership of one of our Senior girls, 
Miriam S. Carleton, is doing excellent work. Concerts have been given all 
season in neighboring places, and only the best reports have been heard. 
The final concert is to be given in chapel April 8. 

Mrs. Maulsby, one of our matons, pleasantly entertained us at her home 
one evening after f rat meeting. 

Beatrice McFarland, '08, has been ill with the measels. 

Estella Butterfield, '10, has also been ill. 

Amy Richards, '08, is directing the production of ''Hiawatha" by a 

boy's chib in Somerville. 

Gertrude C. Johnson. 



MU 

Dear Alphas: 

Ma diapter sends Easter greetings to all her Alpha sisters. 

Spring term is here and everyone is working with ardent enthusiasm. 
Tliis 18 not unusual for our rushing season at Minnesota is nearly over and 
in two weeks every freshman girl will know her fate. All invitations to 
join any of the sororites are sent through the Dean of Women, so you can 



158 ALPHA XI DELTA 

all realize that it is a formal affair for us. We had our second big rushing 
party last month. Fourteen guests and all Alphas were entertained at the 
home of Georgia Elwell in the afternoon at a "College Party." Periiaps 
this might interest some of the Alpha readers. 

When the girls were admitted at the door,— all were g^iven ' tickets to 
the campus ' and a conductor punched their description upon it. Then they 
were ushered to the different college departments. First to the medic, 
where their various diseases were treated and all given a bottle of candy 
pills; then to the football comer where we received a "Minnesota " pin for 
a souvenir. Perhaps the most fun of all was the English test which we had 
on "Mother Goose" riiymes. The postoffice, too, afforded much pleasure 
for each girl received a letter and also a box of candy. These were just a 
few of the departments, but they g^ive an idea. For dinner we all went 
down to the "Conmiercial Club" rooms where a sumptuous banquet was 
served. 

Mary Shieley, who is one of Minnesota's basket ball grirls, has just re- 
turned from a trip to Nebraska. While there she met one of our Alpha 
sisters. 

The Nebraska girls are expected here Saturday and Mu will entertain 
for them at a luncheon on Friday, April third. 

In February we initiated Lucy White, Alice Helson and Georgia Belle 
Elwell into Mu chapter. Fraternally, 

Fannie E. Gordinier. 



NU 

Since our last letter we have been busily planning our spring work and 
are already looking forward to our fall campaign, when we hope to put Nu 
well forward in the ranks of Greekdom at Washington. 

On the afternoon of February 14th we gave a very successful card party. 
The house was prettily decorated with red hearts and the prizes and refresh- 
ments carried out the valentine idea. In the evening we entertained veiy 
informally for Marian Schneider, '07, who was visiting at the chapter house. 

Nu has been very fortunate this month in receiving a number of gifts 
from alumnae of silver, linen and china, and we b^^ to feel quite like old 
housekeepers. 

In common with several of the other sororities, we reserve the first Wed- 
nesday of each month for an "at home" to the faculty, fraternities and 
other friends in the university and city. These have been very successful, 
and a large number of students and friends have called each time. 

Both the Senior and Junior classes have g^iven informal dances which 
proved very enjoyable. The Junior prom occurs May second and will be the 
chief social event of the year. 

A mathematics club has recently been organized with a membership of 
about forty. At the first meeting Ethel Everett, '09, was elected president 
and Frances Sanborn, '08, secretary. 

On February third Aileen Daniels, '10, was initiated. Clarice Van Loon, 



CHAPTER LETTERS 159 

'10, 18 pledged and will be initiated next fall. Both of these g^irls are strong 
additions to the chapter. 

Members of the four classes represented in the Women's League are 
giving "stunts " in the Gymnasium for the benefit of the Women's building 
to be opened for the A. Y. P. exposition. The senior stunt was given April 
tenth with May Chambers as chairman of the committee on arrangements. 
At the recent dance given by the league several hundred dollars was netted 
for this purpose. 

Lela Parker has been elected treasurer of the Y. W. C. A. and is chair- 
man of the Banquet Committee for Junior Class Day. 

Frances Sanborn, one of our seniors, has announced her engagement to 
lir. Richard Wilson, A T O, Vermont, '02. The marriage will take place in 
September and they will make their home in Washington, D. C. 

Our Founders' Day celebration was a great success and the girls enjoyed 
their first anniversary to the fullest extent. Netta Kettle, '11, and Stella 
Hunter. 11, were initiated into the sorority and after the ceremony an elab- 
orate banquet was served, followed by a toast program: 

Welcome Lela Parker, '09 

History op Nu, '07-8 Mae Mac Lachlan, '08 

Active Friendship Mabel Spry, B, '06 

" May the hinges of friendship never grow rusty." 

Our Alma BIater Aileen Daniels, '10 

''Moved by the impulse we shall feel 
New longings for my high ideal." 
The Mighty Senior Ethel Everett, '09 

"Where, oh! where! are the grand old seniors? 
Safe, sate in the wide, wide world." 
Prophecy Hazel Geisseman, 'U 

Ektch of the four classes then entertained with a stunt to the amusement 
of the onlookers, proving their powers of orig^inalty to their own satisfac- 
tion, at least. 

The buildings of the Alaska- Yukon-Pacific expositon, which is to be held 
on the campus are going up very rapidly and we are hoping that some of 
our sisters from the ESast will come West next year to attend the expositon 
and incidentally pay us a visit. 

The university is drawing to a close the most successful year in its his- 
tory and its future promises are the brightest. At least six of the A. Y. P. 
buiklings will be left on the campus and the faculty confidently expects the 

attendance to reach seventeen hundred. 

Mary Emily Kay, N., '0j^-'08. 



MT. PLEASAI^ ALUMN/E 



Mt. Pleasant Alumnae has not been active as an org^anization this year 
owing to the fact that there are but five resident members. 

At the first of the year, the g^irls of Beta Chapter gave each of us a 
cordial invitation to att^id their meetings, and feeling that we could derive 
more of the true Alpha spirit by associating with them, we have made their 



160 ALPHA XI DELTA 

interests our interests, and their meetine^s our meetings, and feel that each 
chapter has been strengthened by this affiliation. We have found this arrange- 
ment very pleasing ana have been very glad to open our homes for the weekly 
chapter meetings ; and since there are but two resident members of Beta, 
this has been greatly appreciated. The chapter meetings have been well 
attended and greatly enjoyed. At the close of each business session, the 
hostess serves some light refreshments and a jolly social time is had. 

Two of our former enthusiastic members have been ^[reatly missed since 
they removed from our midst. Axie Lute-Mitchell, wife of Rev. William 
Mitchell, B ^ n, now resides at Meadville, Pa., and Lousie Singer-Maiken 
now lives in Spokane, Wash., where her husbancL Mr. F. B. Maiken, B ^ n, 
is engaged in the real estate business. Mrs. Mitchell is well-known to the 
soron^, having been a former Grand Secretary. It will be remembered 
that Mrs. Maiken assisted in the installation of Nu Chapter last summer. 

Mt. Pleasant Alumnae is veiry much interested in the announcement of 
the coming weddings of two of its members. Those playing the prominent 
parts in these interesting events are Miss Edith Van Cise and Mr. Ledru 
WiUits ; Miss Nellie Tribby and Mr. Henry Gillis. Mr. Ledru WilUts, B « n, 
is an alumnus of Iowa Wesleyan and Mr. Henry Gillis of Iowa State Collie. 

Miss Ina Duncan, Enffli^ teacher in the High School at Toledo, spent 
her spring vacation with her parents. Her Alpha sisters were very gkul to 
have ner with them again. 

Miss Ellen Ball spent two weeks in Chicago recently, visiting relatives 
and attending grand opera. 

Miss Maud Maiken, a former member of Beta, visited here recently with 
her friend, Mrs. Florence Currier-Stephens. Miss Maiken has been spendiiig 
some time on the Pacific coast and the girls were all glad to welcome her 
back. She is an alumna of Iowa Wesleyan, class of '06. Mrs. Stephens 
very delightfully entertained all the Alpha girls one evening at an informal 
paity in her honor. 

Together with Beta Chapter we celebrated Founder's Day with a dinner 
at May Johnson's. This was one of the most enjoyable functions g^iven for 
some time. Mt. Pleasant Alumnse sends geetings and best wishes to all her 
sister chapters. 

Ellen BaU. 

BOSTON ALUMNAE. 

Dear Alpha Sisters : 

Boston AlumnsB has not been very bus^ since the last issue of the Journal. 
The twenty-fifth of Januarv we entertamed the Lambda Chapter and a few 
prospective freshmen at Nellie Kimball's home in Newton. What a g^ood 
time we had. Tea served in a dining room decorated with pink roses put us 
all in a merry mood, and music and conversation made the pleasantest kind 
of entertainment. Best of all. Mrs. Eklwards and Mrs. Glendenning from 
Beta were with us. It was the first time we had seen Mrs. Glendenning 
and we were very glad to welcome her among us. 

In February we met with Irene McCoy in Somerville. Mrs. Glendenning 
was there, and also two of Tufts alumnae whom we haven't seen for some time, 
Mertie Crowell-Saunders and Ada Buzzell-Macumber. 

The March meeting will be postponed until April and our April meeting 
will be the celebration of Founders Day, which is to be with the active 
chapter. 

May April seventeenth begin a year of renewed vigor, lojralty, and pros- 
perity to us all. 

Ruth A. Sibley, Boston Alumnm. 



PERSONALS 



BETA 

Beta Chapter has learned with much sorrow of the death of a Gamma 
sister and sends loving sympathies to Gamma. 

Vacation at Wesleyan beg^ins March 27 and ends April 8. All the girls 
are more than anxious for vacation. 

Miss Ina Duncan who is teaching in Toledo, Iowa, was home for a week's 
vacation April 1-B. 

Beta Chapter wishes to introduce two new pledges, Misses Eklith Brinton 
and Pearl Matthews. 

Iowa Wesleyan Glee Club left March 23 for their trip and are meeting 
with g^reat success. They give the home concert April 7. 

Beta girls enjoyed the toast of Miss Erb's so much which was printed in 
the last journal. 

One of our sisters. Miss Amy Cheny, had to leave school a week early 
on account of measles. 

Beta Chapter announces with much pleasure two new patronesses, Mrs. 
Kopp and Mrs. Applegate. 

Miss Stella Bamett, '07, visited her sister March 6-8. 

Ellen Ball has been re-elected president of Original Chapter A, P. E. O., 
Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. 

The State oratorical contest was held here March 5-6 and resulted in a 
glorious victory for Wesleyan. Mr. Carl Krenmeyer, ♦ A 6, is Iowa's rep- 
resentative to the inter-State contest to be held in Michigan some time in 
May. We are all hoping and expecting great things from Mr. Krenmeyer, 
and we hope that next time we can tell you that Wesleyan won in the inter- 
State as well as in the State contest. 

Maud Maiken, '06, of Albra, visited Beta g^irls early in March. 

Louise Brady has been elected literary and fraternity editor, and Mabel 
Duncan joke editor and poet on the '09 "Croaker" staff. 

Helen Coe was called to her home March 25 on account of the serious 
illness of her sister. 

GAMMA 

Nancy Copeland and Ruby Robens visited in Akron recently with Eldna 
Robens-Shiltz. 

One of the most pleasant remembrances of last term to the active chap- 
ter is that of a six o'clock dinner given them by Anna and Elsie Jones. 

Gussie Yost of Hopedale, 0., visited at the frat house for several days 
last term. 

Nancy Copeland entertained her sister at the house over Sunday. 



162 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Pearl Lang of Canton spent a few days with the e^la last term. 

When the girls returned after vacation we found a beautiful new desk 
in the f rat room. It came as a gift from Beulah Kirlin. 

One evening last term the girls gave an informal chafing dish party in 
honor of Gussie Yost, Mary Salmers and Grace Newhouse. 

One of our patronesses, Mrs. Arthur Wright, has been very ill, but is 
now recovering. 

Bertha Lumley visited Wilda Matthias recently and also spent some time 
at the house 

DELTA 

We are proud to present to our sisters two new pledges: 

Miss Irene Mercer, Rudolph, Ohio. 

Miss Ruth McCammon, West Liberty, W. Va. They are both fine girls 
and we congratulate ourselves on gaining such sisters. 

Several of the Delta girls spent the few days of vacation away. 

Anne Smith visited at the home of Eunice Orrison, Morristown, O. 

Jessie Smith spent the few days with Mary Gentry Cornell at her home 
in New Martinsville, W. Va. 

Helen Marshall and Mary Gray spent the time pleasantly at their homes 
in Grafton, W. Va. 

Katherine Petty was at her home in Fairmont, W. Va. 

We were so glad to have with us, recently, one of our charter members, 
Anna Mary Kemp, '06. We feel inspired to go on to better things since 
her visit to us. We are always glad to have our alumnae with us, even for 
a short time. 

Julia Williams has been attending school at Ann Arbor this year. 

We wish to all our sisters the most pleasant of spring terms. 



EPSILON 

Deborah Slocum visited Helen Hill for a few days at ESast Hall. 

Zola Jones, one of Epsilon's charter members, has been the guest of the 
Misses Lila and Helen Tarbell. 

Mabel Green, ex-'lO, is teaching at Academy, South Dakota. 

Mrs. Josephine Hanson-Hedeen visited Clara Salmer in January and was 
an honored guest at our ''Annual Informal." 

The girls of Epsilon chapter take great pleasure in announcing the name 
of a new patroness, Mrs. Allen Boyer MacDaniel, wife of the professor of 
Civil Engineering, U. S. D. 

Recent initiates into Alpha Xi Delta are Nina Wallace and Pearle Sale. 

Clara Salmer and Alice Brenne expect to spend a part of their summer 
vacation at the Alpha Xi Delta camp near Madison, Wis. We hope they 
will meet many loyal "Alphas " there. 

Nina Wallace had the pleasure of meeting Vin Hitchings of Mu chapter 
during the holidays. We would be delighted to know more of our Minne- 



PERSONALS 163 

BOta sisters. Nina paid us a two weeks' visit before leaving for her claim 
near Phillip, S.D. Mabelle Eastman entertained for her, and the girls show- 
ered Nina with all manner of tin articles, necessary for claim life. 

The Epsilon girls are more than delighted to have Lucile Camerer with 
them again, after an eight months' absence. 

Epsilon was loyally entertained by Miss Esther Johnson, one evening, a 
few weeks past. 

ETA 

Eta is proud to announce a new pledge, Anna Roth, '09. 

Ha2sel Brush has returned and resumed her college duties. 

Florence Curtis is with us at the chapter house for the rest of the year. 

Grace Fox spent a couple of days at the chapter house recently. 

The annual Mathematical Ck)nference of the Middle Atlantic States and 
Maryland was held at Syracuse February 22. Nettie Britton, '07, gave a 
?ery commendable toast at the banquet, held in connection with this con- 
ference. 

THETA 

Theta is planning a camping party at the close of the school year. We 
expect to camp on Lake Monona from June 18th to the 25th. Every Alpha 
Xi Delta, active and alumna, is cordially invited ! 

Frances Albers went to her home in Wausau to recuperate after the first 
semester's strenuous labors. 

Charlotte Stough, who is teaching in Wausau, Wis., came to partake in 
the glorious prom festivities, February 14th to the 17th. We hoped to have 
her with us again during the spring vacation but we learn that Minnesota 
has stronger attractions. 

Marion Ryan, '06, of Wausau, Wis., was here for our party January 18th. 
We are proud to announce that several of Marion's pieces of poetry have 
been accepted by the NatioTuU Magazine and Minneapolis Tribune. 

Leonora Henderson, '06, of Stoughton, Wis., and Elizabeth Erb, '07, of 
Waterloo, were also here for the party. 

Louise E!rb went to Appleton for a couple of days between semesters. 

Gusta Lorch, who has been teaching at Montello this year, is spending 
her spring vacation at her home here in Madison. 

Lahi Runge, who is teaching in Duluth, Minn., is at home for a week. 

Alma Runge, '06, and Ruth Eckem, '07, expect to be here this coming 



Theta is looking forward to a visit from Bertha Cleveland sometime in 
ApriL We are all very anxious to meet Bertha, for we have heard a great 
deal about her. 

February 9th, Elizabeth Tucker came to live at the house. 

We introduce with pleasure Jennie Potts as a new member of Alpha Xi 
Delta. 



164 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Theo Fenton, who expects to grraduate from Stout Training School this 
spring, was here last week to spend her spring vacation. 

Miss Elizabeth Graham, from Eau Claire, and Miss Edith Watts, of Mil- 
waukee, visited the Fenton girls last week. 

Marion Ryan, '06, expects to teach in Penn Hall, Wilson College, Cham- 
bersburg, Penn., next year. 

Mr. Albers, of Wausau, Wis., gave us a happy surprise last week by pay- 
ing us a visit. He promised to let Mrs. Albers come and see us soon. She 
arrived last Saturday evening, March 28, and will be with us for a few days. 

April 16 will see most of the girls board the train for home to celebrate 
their spring vacation, which lasts from the 16th to the 2l8t of April. 

Frances Albers, '09, expects to spend the Easter recess with her sister 
who is attending Wilson College at Chambersburg, Penn. 

Since Founder's day falls during our Easter vacation, we have decided to 

celebrate on April 13. We will then have a dinner party and present to the 

house an Alpha Xi Delta shield. 

Nanna Hoegh, Cor. See. 



MU 

Elsie Lathrop was unable to return to college this semister on accoimt of 
poor health. We sincerely hope to have her with us again in the fall. 

Bessie Pettigrew was a welcome visitor among us a few weeks ago. We 
also enjoyed a brief visit from Polly Fenton and May Flower. 

Mary Shiely leaves Thursday for Nebraska, where we feel confident she 
will do much toward bringing a victory in basketball to Minnesota. 

Lucy White has returned to college after a short but decidedly imcom- 
fortable siege with the measles. 

Our chapter held an informal dancing party in Alice Shevlin Hall several 
weeks ago, which all present declared a success. 

We had initiation last month and take pleasure in announcing the names 
of three most loyal sisters : Georgia Elwell, Lucy White and Alice Kelson. 



ALLIANCE ALUMN/E 



Mary Salmon of Cleveland, recently attended an alumnae meeting and 
all the girls were glad to have her with us again. 

Eloise Patton-McKnight of Pittsburg, is visiting her parents for a short 
time and we hope to have her with us at alumnsB meeting. 

Alice Hinshilwood attended the Sigma Nu Alumni Buiquet recently held 
at Cleveland. 

Gamma Chapter mourns the loss of another sister, Mabel Dewey Bright, 
whose death occurred March seventeenth. Mary Bracher, Beulah Hirlin, 
Mary McCoy, Mildred Tucker and Mary Taylor of the alumnae attended the 
funeraL 



PERSONALS 165 

BOSTON ALUMN/E 

Florence Tuttle, 1901, is going abroad this summer. 

Anadine Hoyt-Femald, 1902, has visited Edna Johnson-Austin, 1902, in 
Pittsburg. 

Lucie Gardner, 1897, is teaching in a private school in Boston. 

Mabel Hall, 1903, spent the last three weeks of February in Maine, stay- 
ing three days at the university. 

Betsey Harmon, 1904, has been spending a month in and about Boston. 

Alice Gunmiings, 1905, has been home from Washington for a short vaca- 
tion. 

Ada Buzzell-Macumber, 1905, visited Boston lately. 

Fannie Clement, 1906, has left her position in Upton and is teaching in 
Wakefield, Massachusetts. 

Alice Eldwards, 1906, is with the Fiske Teachers' Agency. 

Ruth Sibley, 1906, has changed her position and is now reference librarian 
in the Cambridge Public Library, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 




A REPORT OF THE PRESENT CONDITONS OF 
PAN HELLENICS IN THE UNITED STATES 



By lAUian W, Thompson, Gamma Phi Beta 

The sixth Inter-Sorority Conference, which met in Chicago September 
13, 1907, directed a committee of one to collect statistics from all the Pan- 
Hellenics which could be reached, and to form from them a general report 
on Pan-Hellenics. This report was to consider: (1) the similarities and dif- 
ferences in Pan-Hellenic constitutions; (2) the difficulties met by these asso- 
ciations; and (3) the ways of solving those difficulties. Reports have been 
received from fifty Pan-Hellenics, and the facts gathered have been g^rouped 
under the headings given below: 

I. THE LARGEST PAN-HELLENICS. 

Number of Sororities, 
Name of College. in the Pan-Hellenic. Date of Pledge Day 

Syracuse University 11 Matriculation Day 

Northwestern University 10 October 11 

Wisconsin University 10 Matriculation day 

California University 9 September 13 

Nebraska University 8 November 23 

Barnard College 8 April, 1909 

Illinois University 8 Octobers 

Michigan University 8 Matriculation day, and Spring 

Minnesota University 8 April 11 

Baltimore College 6 November 23 

Boston University 6 October 21 

De Pauw University 6 October 28 

Lekmd Stanford University 6 September 26 

Colorado University 5 September 16 

Washington State University 5 Matriculation day 

II. DATE OF PLEDGE DAY. 

7 Colleges pledge in September. 
15 " " " October. 

9 " " " November. 

3 " " " December. 

1 College pledges " January. 

1 " " " March. 

2 Colleges pledge " April. 

1 College pledges at the beginning of the Sophomore Year. 
11 Colleges pledge on Matriculation Day. 



REPORT OF THE PAN HELLENICS 167 

The Colleges pledging in December are the University of Pennsylvania, 
Swarthmore College, and Adelphi College. Ohio State University pledge in 
January, Newcombe College in March, and the University of Minnesota and 
Barnard College pledge in April. Barnard, however, by faculty ruling, does 
not pledge till April, 1909. The University of Mississippi, by faculty ruling 
does not pledge till the Sophomore year. 

III. LOCALS. 

Thirty-five out of the fifty colleges reporting have no locals in their Pan- 
Hellenics; the other fifteen each have one, and all but two report that the 
locals are just as willing as the nationals to abide by Pan-Hellenic rulings. 
At Adelphi college and at the University of Michigan the local has made 
trouble by pledging before Matriculation Day, or before the pledge day 
estabHshcxI by the Pan-Hellenic. 

V. CONSTITUTIONS. 

Twenty-two colleges out of the fifty sent no constitutions; as they were 
especially requested to send copies, it seems probable that they had none to 
send. Indeed, nine of the twenty-two state that they have no constitution, 
or that it is being formulated for the first time this year. Most of the con- 
stitutions sent were very similar, and followed the model constitution dis- 
tributed by the Inter-Sorority Conference last year. But a few points of 
difference appear, especially in the time of meeting, the arrangements for 
calling meetings, and the vote required for passing measures. 

Thirteen Pan-Hellenics, only, have any provision in their constitutions 
for regular meetings. Boston, Hillsdale, Nebraska, Texas, Simpson, and 
West Virginia have a regular meeting once a semester. Minnesota, North- 
western, Swarthmore, and Washington State University have monthly meet- 
ings in alternate months; and Leland Stanford has a meeting in April of 
each year. Five constitutions state that special meetings may be called at 
any time, by sending a request to the chairman of Pan-Hellenic, and one or 
two collies have frequent meetings during the first few weeks of the term, 
or during the whole rushing season. But the majority of the constitutions 
give no hint as to when meetings are held. 

There is also considerable difference in placing the responsibility for 
calling meetings. Thirteen constitutions made no provision for callhig a 
meeting. Nine have the chairman responsible, and one states that " any 
member " may issue the call. 

Most Pan-Hellenics demand a imanimous vote on all matters, and two 
even insist that important measures shall be submitted to the chapters for 
final decision. The University of Illinois allows a majority vote, though the 
role is suspended for 1907. The University of Indiana allows a two-thirds 
vote. Ohio State University allows a seven-eighths vote, and Swarthmore, 
though it requires a unanimous vote, permits a majority to put the question 
in dispute before the Inter-Sorority Conference, and provide that the decis- 
km of this body shall be final. This measure might be a wise way of set- 



IfiS ALPHA XI DELTA 

tling questions when some one or two sororities hold out against the major- 
ity; but to make it really practical, it would be necessary to let the Inter- 
Sorority Conference secretary, or a committee appointed by her, act for the 
conference during the year. 

V. BY-LAWS AND RUSHING CONTRACTS. 

As might be exi>ected, the by-laws and rushing contracts of the Pan- 
Hellenics present many points of difference. Some of them, like Leland 
Stanford and Cornell, are elaborate, and attempt to meet every emergency 
likely to arise during the rushing season. Others, like those of Wisconsin 
and Ohio State University, strive for the utmost simplicity and conciseness 
compatible with clearness. On certain points the great majority agree; the 
points in which they differ may be suggestive to Pan-Hellenics which have 
not thought of these plans. 

Most Pan-Hellenics begin their rushing on Matriculation Day, but Den- 
ver, Illinois, Leland Stanford, and West Virginia prefer to let a short period 
elapse before beginning, so that the necessary work of registration and ar- 
rangemet of progn^ms may be out of the way first. Fourteen colleges avoid 
all fraternity talk imtil the invitations are out; then, if a girl who has been 
bidden wishes to know something more about sororities, she is requested to 
ask the sorority she prefers for information, and this sorority sends one of 
its members to answer her questions. During the rushing season all enter- 
taining is decided on and limited by Pan-Hellenic. Indiana prescribes the 
cost of the most formal party given, and Pennsylvania states that the rush- 
ing must be "simple and inexpensive." No other universities try to regu- 
late cost, but they all regulate the nimiber of parties, and often the kind of 
parties that may be given. Cornell forbids "fimctions" (formal affairs) 
entirely. Several collies limit the rushing affairs to which men may be in- 
vited, or prohibit these entirely. Adelphi, Kansas, and Ohio State Univer- 
sity Pan-Hellenics entertain at the beginning of the year. Adelphi specifies 
that this affair is for the freshmen girls, but the others do not state clearly 
whom they invite. 

The customs about bidding are very nearly the same eversrwhere. Pan- 
Hellenic decides on a form of invitation, and this is written, printed, or en- 
gn^ved at the cost of each sorority. The bids are sent out on the same day 
by a committe; the bid states the time and place for the answer, and fre- 
quently adds a request that all bids not accepted be returned as a negative 
answer, which shall be considered final. The time allowed for returning 
an answer varies from a few hours to two weeks. Generally the answer is 
to be written and mailed; several colleges state that they have tried per- 
sonal answers and have f oimd them very unsatisfactory. Six colleges for- 
bid all rushing, or talk about sororities during the interval between invita- 
tion and answer. Two colleges use pledge pins instead of ribbons. I think 
this custom is more widespread than the reports would indicate. 

So far most Pan-Hellenics follow the same customs, but there are several 
points which are emphasized by very few of them. Four expressly forbid 



REPORT OF THE PAN HELLENICS 169 

saying anything^ against another sorority or any of its members. Several 
state that alumnae, friends, and pledges are bound by the rules made by 
Pan-Hellenic. California, Illinois, Illinois Wesleyan, and Minnesota allow 
sisters to be pledged any time after matriculation. Illinois allows cousins 
to be pledged by permission of Pan-Hellenic, and Illinois Wesleyan allows 
girls who have been in college a year to be pledged any time after matricu- 
lation in their later years. Baltimore and Minnesota insist that a girl must 
take a certain number of hours of work to be eligible for a bid. Iowa Wes- 
leyan and Wisconsin send five copies of their Pan-Hellenic constitutions and 
nuhing contracts to their grand presidents each year. 

VI. DIFFICULTIES AND SOLUTIONS. 

Fifteen universities report that they have had no difficulty in organizing 
or running their Pan-Hellenics; they feel that Pan-Hellenics are necessary, 
and that they have already considerably increased inter-sorority friendliness. 
Two universities, on the other hand, say they do not like Pan-Hellenics, and 
consider them injurious to inter-sorority relations. These are the Univer- 
sity of California and Washington university, St. Louis; the latter Pan- 
Hellenic was organized this year. The remaining colleges, while they con- 
fess to difficulties, are bravely working to solve them, and in many cases are 
succeeding. 

The difficulty mentioned by the greatest number of Pan-Hellenics, four- 
teen. Is the breaking of contracts; it is exceedingly hard to prove the 
offense and to pimish it. In most colleges the proofs are laid before Pan- 
Hellenic, which acts as judge. In one or two colleges the alumnae members 
of Pan-Hellenic form a court to deal with infractions of contract. Curiously 
enough, however, very few constitutions provide any punishment for the 
breaking of contracts when proved. The following punishments have been 
adopted by some colleges. 

Baltimore has three grades of punishment for different degrees of guilt, 
but all consist of the withdrawal of rushing dates, or the entire suspension 
of mshing for a number of days. Cornell demands an apology in Pan-Hel- 
lenic meeting. DePauw publishes a statement of the offense in the college 
paper. Northwestern publishes an apology in the college paper. Ohio State 
University inflicts a fine of not more than $10, or reports the offending sor- 
ority to its grand president. Swarthmore also reports to the grand presi- 
dent. Several colleges provide for the report of offenses to the Inter-Soror- 
ity Conference. When the case is taken to a grand president, or to the 
Inter-Sorority Conference, the power in question is expected to decide on 
and inflict the penalty. Cornell tries to prevent the breaking of contracts 
by having weekly meetings of Pan-Hellenic during rushing season. 

The difficulty which comes next in importance (reported by ten Pan- 
Hellenics) is that of fixing pledge day. The solution for this is frankness 
and courtesy in the discussion in Pan-Hellenic meeting, and a willingness to 
oompromise when the wish of the majority becomes clear. 

Difltrost of each other is the difficulty next in order. This is mentioned 
by but fiye PAn-Hellenics, but I suppose distrust must be present in the case 



170 ALPHA XI DELTA 

of broken contracts, and may often lie at the bottom of accusations of such 
breaking. Several Pan-Hellenics, however, speak of the growing feeling of 
confidence between sororities. The only cure suggested for distrust is time. 

The other difficulties are mentioned by but few Pan-Hellenics, but it may 
be that they have been felt more widely than the reports would show. For 
instance, only one Pan-Hellenic complains of tardiness and poor attendance 
at Pan-Hellenic meetings. The remedy suggested for this is fines — fifty 
cents for absence, and a smaller sum for tardiness. Several complain of in- 
difference; no remedy is suggested for this. One Pan-Hellenic cannot inter- 
est its alumnae in Pan-Hellenic; another cannot keep them from breaking Pan- 
Hellenic rules by violent rushing. Several Pan-Hellenics cannot define 
rushing clearly enough to prevent misunderstanding; one has trouble be- 
cause sororities pair off and oppose each other. In one college one sorority 
refused to join Pan-Hellenic, and caused considerable trouble, while at an- 
other college a sorority insisted on withdrawing and doing as it pleased when 
thing^s did not go to suit it. Both these last cases were reported to the 
grand presidents and settled by them. 

After all, this is not so long a list of g^rievances as might have been ex- 
pected, and most of them are capable of cure. Considering the fact that 
Pan-Hellenics have been running but a few years, and that Greeks always 
have shown a strong dislike to imion, the prospect for the future is certainly 
encouraging. 

SUMMARY OF THE MOST IMPORTANT POINTS SUGGESTED BY 

THE REPORTS. 

Thirty-nine colleges out of 50 have an interval between matriculation 
day and pledge day; 24 colleges out of 50 bid in October and November. 

Eivery Pan-Hellenic should have a constitution. 

Ehrery constitution should provide (1) for regular meetings (perhaps as 
often as once in two months) ; (2) for some definite way of calling both reg- 
ular and special meetings; (3) for some definite punishment for breaking 
contracts. 

It would be well to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of requir- 
ing a unanimous vote in Pan-Hellenic. The Inter-Sorority Conference re- 
quires a unanimous vote, but Pan-Hellenics are of course free to decide this 
matter for themselves. 

Elach Pan-Hellenic should consist of one active and one alumna member 
from each sorority represented. The Inter-Sorority Conference agreement 
requires this. 

It is both wise and practicable to limit the amoimt of money spent in 
rushing, and the nimiber of rushing affairs given. 

Some Pan-Hellenics have begun to entertain the Freshmen, or all the 
women of the college, as a good way of opening the social life of the year. 

All Pan-Hellenics might well express disapproval of talking against a 
rival sorority or its members. 

All charges of breaking contracts, or the spirit of contracts, should be 
reported to Pan-Hellenics, when they should be investigated; if the charges 



REPORT OF THE PAN HELLENICS 171 

are substantiated, the guilty ones should be punished as provided for in the 
constitution. 

Pledge day should be fixed in time for the constitution and by-laws to 
be printed not later than May 1. 

The constitution and by-laws should be sent each year to the grand pres- 
idents of the sororities represented in the Pan-Hellenic. 

In making out this report I have often named the Pan-Hellenics who are 
trjring some unusual experiment, or who have been successful in meeting 
difficulties. I hope that other Pan-Hellenics who would like more informa- 
tion on some of these points will write to the proper Pan-Hellenic for it, and 
I am sure they will receive prompt and cordial answers to their inquiries. 

I wish to thank most cordially the grand secretaries of Pi Beta Phi, 
Kappa Kappa Gamma, Alpha Xi Delta, Delta Delta Delta, and Delta 
Ganuna, whose work has made tnis report possible. 

Lillian W. Thompson, 
326 West Sixty-first Place, Chicago. Gamma Phi Beta, 

RULES ADOPTED BY THE PAN-HELLENIC ASSOCIATION OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA. 

I. Pledge day shall be the second Saturday in April. 

II. Each sorority shall have the privilege of giving two parties before 
pledge day. 

III. Away from the campus, more than two sorority girls with a fresh- 
man constitute a party. 

There shall be no limitation to the number of girls with a freshman on 
the campus, it being left to the discretion of each sorority. It is. understood 
that there shall be no entertaining. 

IV. No sorority girls shall attend chapel exercises with freshmen. 

V. During the two weeks immediately preceding pledge day, there shall 
be no intercourse whatever between sorority girls and freshmen. 

VI. Daughters and sisters who are not pledged during the first week of 
college shall be governed by the same rules which apply to other freshmen. 

VII. No freshman shall be pledged to a sorority unless she has attained 
the standard of scholarship decided upon by the dean of women and the Pan- 
Hellenic association. 

VIII. Girls entering college at the second semester cannot be asked to 
join a sorority until the pledge day of the following year. 

IX. Uniform invitations shall be sent to freshmen so as to reach their 
destination the morning of pledge day. A freshman must mail her refusal 
immediately and give her acceptance at the specified time and place. 

RUSHING RULES FOR 1907-8 ADOPTED AT OHIO STATE 

UNIVERSITY. 

We, the undersigned fraternities of the Ohio State University, in order 
to bring about and preserve a friendly inter-fraternal spirit and to regelate 
rushing, do hereby agree to observe the following rules and regulations. 



it 



172 ALPHA XI DELTA 

from May 1, 1907, to Monday, January 13, 1906. (First Monday after regis- 
tration of the winter term.) 

I. No invitation for fraternity membership shall be extended to any girl 
who has not been an enrolled student of the university for at least one term. 

II. Invitations shall be written according to the following form and 
mailed by the noon mail of the first Friday of the winter term: 

"My dear Miss 

"You have been elected to membership in 

Chapter of Fraternity. You are re- 
quested to send your written answer not later than five P. M., 
Monday, January 13, 1908. If you should desire further in- 
formation before deciding definitely you may request one 
interview with any one girl of the fraternity. W ith the excep- 
tion of this interview there shall be no intercourse between 
fraternity and non-fraternity girls until the answer is re- 
ceived. 

(Signed) 

Chapter, Fraternity." 

III. The interview with entering girls shall be limited to giving informa- 
tion desired by the entering girl concerning the fraternity. There shall be 
no urging or helping the entering girls to decide. 

IV. There shall be no discussion or voluntary mention of fraternities 
with entering girls. 

V. No fraternity shall give more than two parties during the rushing 
season and none during the last week. (Parties mean the presence of the 
whole fraternity.) Smaller parties may be held on Saturdays from October 
to January, at which only four members of the fraternity may be present, 
each fraternity entering in the order of its establishment. Kappa Kappa 
Gamma— first, Kappa Alpha Theta— second, Pi Beta Phi— third. Delta Delta 
Delta— fourth. 

VI. From registration day till the end of this contract there shall be no 
intercourse between entering girls and fraternity girls during the luncheon 
hour. There shall be no intercourse between entering girls and fraternity 
girls during the last three days of this contract. 

VII. During the time of this contract fraternity girls shall not be 
allowed to accept invitations from entering girls. 

VIII. Girls who are pledged to any fraternity shall be bound by the 
rules of this contract, except that they may be counted as guests at all en- 
tertainments. 

IX. An advisory coimcil consisting of the alumnae members of the P&n- 
Hellenic association shall act as a court of appeal in all cases in which one 
fraternity is in doubt whether or not its plans or the action past or planned, 
of any other fraternity, is an infringement of these rules. 

X. During the fall term of rushing the Pan-Hellenic association shall 
meet once every two weeks. 

XI. A copy of this contract shall be sent to all alunmae residing in town. 

(Adopted May, 1907.) 



REPORT OF THE PAN HELLENICS 173 

GENERAL RUSHING RULES OF LELAND STANFORD 

UNIVERSITY. 

I. All matters concerning rushing are to be considered fraternity secrets 
and are not to be discussed with men or with non-members of the fraternity. 

An rushing is to be as secret, quiet, and unobtrusive as possible. 

The discussion with freshmen of fraternity matters is forbidden before 
bidding-day. 

A pledged girl is subject to the same rules and regulations as an active 
member. 

U. Freshmen are not to be escorted in public, or to football practice, or 
to public entertainments anywhere; and are not to be met at trains by more 
than one person. Trips to Berkely chapter houses are excluded. 

III. There is to be no calling upon, or walking with, entertaining, or 
rushing of freshmen upon class days before 4:30 P. M., and all rushing is to 
cease not later than 10:90 P. M. upon all such days except Fridays. 

IV. No dances, parties, or entertainments are to be for freshmen at 
which men are present. This restriction applies to entertainments given by 
or in behalf of a sorority in a private residence. 

V. Sorority members are not to countenance or to arrange rushing part- 
ies to be given by men. 

VI. No tallyho or automobile rides are to be taken with freshmen. 
Drives with freshmen are to be limited to Saturdays and Sundays. (The 
first Saturday and Sunday are excluded.) 

VII. No freshman shall be kept over night in a sorority house. 

VIII. No freshman shall be escorted to the chapter house after the first 
visit and then only by one member. 

IX. Lists of engagements sent to a freshman shall consist only of sim- 
ple orameration of dates. 

a. A luncheon date shall be included between 12:30 and 2:30; 
a dinner date between 6:30 and 8:80. 

d. It is understood that anything in the way of a formal enter- 
tainment is to be strictly excluded. Hence, it has been deemed 
wise to state that luncheons and dinners must be confined to four 
courses and that there shall be no hired music. 

c. No fraternity shall send flowers to a freshman. 

X. These restrictions are to hold until one week after bidding day. 

XI. Questions of interpretations and complaints of these agreements 
are to be determined by the alumnae committee, to consist of the alumnae 
w i p roBo ntataves of the sororities upon the executive committee of the Pan- 
HeDenic association of Stanford University. 

Complaints of violations shall be made to the alumna representative of 
the sorority making such complaint, and such representative shall attempt 
to settle the complaint by conference with the alumna representative of the 
■oiority complained against. In case these two are unable to settle the com- 
phinty the matter shall be referred to the full executive committee. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



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Official Organ of the Alpha Xi Delta Sorority 



Edited and Published by ALPHA XI DELTA SORORITY, Syracuse, New York. 
Office of Publication, 716 Irving Avenue, Syracuse, New York 



NOVEMBER FEBRUARY MAY AUGUST 



TABLE OP CONTENTS 

Poimdera of Alpha Xi Delta 176 

Chapten ** " *' *' 176 

The Pratemity Directory 177 

College Customs 178 

The Coming of the Fleet 198 

A Sonnet 196 

The Mnch-^riticised Chapter Letter 197 

Alpha Phi 201 

What the Little Green Notebook Told 202 

Brery Day Council 308 

BdHoriala 212 

Bxchanires 216 

Aunonnoement 220 

Chapter Letters 221 

Personals 286 

AdTertisements 240, 241, 242 

Sabscription Price : $l.oo per year, payable in advance 

Alpha XI Delta is publlslied In November, February. May and August by the Alpha Xi Delta Sorority. 

Alpha XI Delta will be sent to all subscribers until ordered discontinued and arrearages paid, as 
required by law. 

Exchanges are requested to send one copy to each of the following : Mrs. S. R. McKean. New- 
bcny. Pa.; Gertrude E. Wright, Ogdensburg. N. Y. ; Mrs. J. R. Leib, 1271 West Washington 
Street. Springfield. III. 

Address all comnunicatlons to the Editor-in-Chief, Martha Hutchinqs-McKean, Newbeny, Pa. 

Entered as second class nuitter at the Syracuse Post Office. January 13th, 1908. 



SYRACUSE, N. Y. : 
E. M. Grover, Printer and Binder. 
iqo8. 



FOUNDERS OF ALPHA XI DELTA 

LomboMd CoMege, Gakaturg, !§„ Apwil ij, iSgS 

Hattie McCullum-Gossow (Mrs. C. W. E.) Wichita, Kans. 

'Frances Chbnby 

Almira Cheney Saybrook, Dl. 

Lucy W. Gilmer Quincy, 111. 

Eliza Curtis Eyerton (Mrs. J. L.) . Le Roy, 111. 

Bertha Cook-Eyans (Mrs. Orrin C.) . Monmouth, 111. 

Maud Foster . 700 E. Fourteenth St., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Louie Strong Taylor (Mrs. E. A.) Park City, Utah. 

Cora Bollinger-Block (Mrs. Louis) 

1416 Rock Island St., Davenport, la. 
Alice Bartlett-Bruner (Mrs. Murray T.) 

203 Fifth St., Aurora, 111. 



• 



Deceased. 



CHAPTERS OF ALPHA XI DELTA 

il/pAa— -Lombard College ..... Galesburg, 111. 
Beta — Iowa Wesleyan University Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Gamma— Mt. Union College Alliance, O. 

Z>c/ta— Bethany College .... Bethany, W. Va. 

Epsilon — University of South Dakota Vermillion, S. Dak. 

2eta— Wittenberg College Springfield, O. 

Bta — Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y. 

TAeta— University of Wisconsin Madison, Wis. 

Iota — University of West Virginia . Morgantown, W. Va. 
Kappa — University of Illinois .... Champaign, 111. 

Lambda— Tvifts College Boston, Mass. 

Mu — University of Minnesota . Minneapolis, Minn. 

iVw— University of Washington Seattle, Wash. 

Alliance Alumnae Alliance, O. 

Aft. Pleasant Alumnae .... Mt. Pleasant, la. 
Boston Alumnae Boston, Mass. 



THE FRATERNITY DIRECTORY 

• GRAND OFFICERS OF ALPHA XI DELTA 

President— EL1.A Boston-Lbib (Mrs. J. R.), Alpha, 

1271 W. Washington street, Springfield, 111. 
Ficc-P/Tesideot— Bbrtha G. Clevbland, Eta, Waterloo, N. Y. 
Secretary— Mary Emily Kay, Gamma, 

. 4529 Brooklyn avenue, N. E., Seattle, Wash, 
rneasiirer— Ellen Ball, Beta, . Mt. Pleasant la. 

Historian— Qi^KRX Salmbr, Epsilon, . . Vermillion, S. Dak. 
Btfftor— Martha Hutchings-McKban (Mrs. S. R.), Eta, 

Newberry, Pa. 

EDITORIAL STAFF 

Bditor-in-Cbief 
Martha Hutchings-McKban (Mrs. S. R.), Newberry, Pa. 

Associate Editor 
Gbrtrude E. Wright, .... Ogdensburg, N. Y. 

Business Manager 
Dora G. Lockwood, Portville,N. Y. 

Assistant Business Manager 

Edith Lawrence, . 716 Irving avenue, Sjrracuse, N. Y. 

CHAPTER CORRESPONDE^4TS 

iljjpita— Mabel Hendel Galesburg, 111. 

Beta — Mabel Duncan 107 Hamline St., Mt. Pleasant, la. 

(Januna— Olive Bracher, 339 S. Union Ave. , Alliance, O. 

Oe/ta— Bertha Klebbbrger, . Bethany, W. Va. 

Epsilon — Mary Nichols, . Vermillion, South Dak. 

Zetar-Em.A Hazel Wright, 329 S. Plum St., Springfield, O. 
Eta— Margaret Hoard, . . . East Syracuse, N. Y. 

Tbeta — Nanna Hoegh, 401 Murray St., Madison, Wis. 

/ota-^MARY Meek Atkeson, Prospect St. Morgantown,W.Va. 
Kappa— Grace Spencer, 716 S. Second St., Champaign, 111. 
Z^inMa— Ex^iB May Chandler, .... 

46 Andover St., Peabpdy, Mass. 

ilfn— Laura Benz, 5 Sherburne Ave., St. Paul, Minn 
Wb— I^BLA K. Parker, 2508 N. 42nd St., Seattle, Wash. 
AlHance Alumnse — Mary Taylor, . . . Alliance, O. 
* Mt. Pleasant AIumnss-Ehi^BH Ball, Mt. Pleasant, la. 
Boston Alumnse—hAiLA Campbell Nye, 
33 Electric Ave., W. Somerville, Ma ss. 

Custodian of Song Booi— Margaret Hoard, 

East Syracuse, N. Y. 

Secretary of the Sixth Inter-Sorority Conierence—Miss Elda L. 
Smith, Pi Beta Phi, 710 South Sixth St., Springfield, 111. 



COLLEGE CUSTOMS 



In nearly every college of the land, certain well defined cus- 
toms and practices have grown up. These are often unique and 
quite characteristic of the institution at which they are found. 
They are, with few exceptions, not a part of the serious life and 
work of the school, but are rather the recreation and diversion 
of the students, and often of the faculty, as well. The follow- 
ing ''symposium," descriptive of a number of these customs, 
peculiar to some of the colleges where Alpha Xi Delta is repre- 
sented, gives a glimpse of some of the festivities and holidays in 
which not a few of our Alpha Xi Deltas are, as college girls, 
concerned. The few hints of more serious occupations will per- 
haps not detract from the interest of the description, even in 
vacation time when we find it hard to think of anything except 
holidays and merrymaking. 

AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON 

The University of Washington is very rich in customs, all of 
which have grown dear to, and are earnestly maintained by 
every student in this western college. First, there is the annual 
" walk-a-round " given a few days after the opening of school 
by the Young Men's and Young Women's Christian Associa- 
tions. This is held in the large gymnasium and gives old and 
new students opportunity of becoming acquainted. "Open 
Dorm " is another regular event of the year. This takes place 
early in the fall when the doors of both dormitories are thrown 
wide open in hospitality and the students may wander at will 
over these buildings, inspecting every nook and comer. Later 
in the evening, all find their way to the gymnasium where an 
informal dance is enjoyed. Again, the close of the foot-ball 
season in November is always celebrated by the Varsity Ball, 
given in honor of the foot-ball team. 

Another custom which we have at Washington, is the Col- 
lege Hour. This occurs once each month, during the hour of 



COLLEGE CUSTOMS 179 

the weekly assembly, and is given over to getting acquainted 
and keeping up college spirit. 

The seniors always appear in their caps and gowns early in 
the second semester and these are worn to classes the remainder 
of the college year. The juniors, too, have a custom of wearing 
distinctive hats. The men of this class in the spring always 
don brown plug hats, and their appearance in this head-gear is 
immediately the occasion for a class fight between the juniors 
and seniors. The battle rages fiercely for an hour, and then 
the tolling of the bell in the tower of the administration build- 
ing is a signal for the cessation of hostilities. By this time the 
plugs are battered to pieces, many eyes are black and many 
clothes are torn, but all is regarded with a spirit of good-nature. 
The junior girls, however, are allowed to wear their chosen hats 
without fear of being molested by watchful seniors. Felt som- 
breros are usually chosen by the co-eds of the third year, but 
this last year "merry widow sailors," with bands of the junior 
colors, adorned the maidens of '09. 

To the juniors falls the honor each year of perpetuating sev- 
eral other customs. First, there is Junior Day, a holiday set 
aside in May entirely for the juniors. This day is given over to 
athletic sports in the morning, the junior banquet at noon, 
water sports on the lake in the afternoon, and the "Junior 
From " in the evening. The junior farce takes place usually on 
the evening before Junior Day. To the juniors also falls the 
honor of publishing the Tyee — the college annual. 

Perhaps the most distinctive custom of all at the University 
of Washington is the annual observance of a holiday known 
as Campus Day. In the morning at nine o'clock the tolling of 
the bell summons the men of the student body and faculty, and 
they assemble clad in working clothes, minus stifi* shirts, collars 
or cnfiis, and armed with picks, spades and axes. They are or- 
ganized into squads with a major-general as their leader, and 
are set to work making paths, constructing rustic seats, and 
doing all possible to beautify the campus. The co-eds also are 
kept busy, some carrying lemonade to the workers, others act- 
acting as nurses, caring for any who may be injured. The re- 
mainder prepare the lunch which is spread under the trees on 
the lawn and served at the noon hour. After lunch speeches are 



180 ALPHA XI DELTA 

made, college yells are given, and songs are sung, and then all 

file back to work once more. At five o'clock the bell announces 

the end of the labors, and all go home to rest and dress for the 

lawn tennis dance in the gymnasium in the evening. This is a 

very informal affair at which tennis clothes are worn, and thus 

one of the happiest and most profitable days in the year at 

Washington is ended. 

Adelaide Fischer, Nu, '09. 



FLAG RUSHING AT TUFTS 

One of the oldest customs at Tufts is that of Flag Rushing. 
It is a contest between the freshman and sophomore classes, 
which takes place near the beginning of each college year. 
Whichever side wins, gains a certain number of points in their 
favor toward winning the official flags. 

Each year the freshmen class purchases a large number of 
flags. A series of contests, the flag rush, the foot-ball and bas- 
ket ball games, and the track meet between these two classes 
determine whether the freshmen shall retain these flags, or de- 
liver them as spoils to the "sophs." The class getting the 
larger number of points— each contest counts a certain number 
of points— wins the flags. In either case, every junior receives 
a flag. 

The official flags are hidden somewhere about the campus— 
in the furnace of Ballon Hall, or in the chapel tower, or in some 
other place impenetrable to all but the sharp-eyed freshman. A 
search for the flags by the sophomores begins at six o'clock in 
the evening and lasts twenty-four hours. 

The **co-eds" have theirfun meanwhile. They also hide their 
flags, — not the official ones— and such a wild hunt and stacking 
of rooms take place that it takes days to restore the "dorm" 
to its proper condition. 

But this is only a small part of the ** rush." Five pieces of 
white cloth, about a yard square, bearing the numerals of the 
freshman class play a large part in the game. It is the object 
of the "freshies" to fly these somewhere about the campus. 
Such a scrambling goes on all night long, beginning at six in 
the evening, that one would think two hostile armies had 



COLLEGE CUSTOMS 181 

clashed on college hill. As many as possible of the "freshies," 
especially the class leaders, are kidnapped, tied, and locked up, 

or "just taken care of" by the **sophs," to keep them from 

participating in the fray. The sophomores try to prevent their 
"little friends" from flying their flags, which appear here and 
there, on trees or suspended between the buildings. 

There is a wild rush a rush for a pine tree— a mad 

plunge. One fellow (afreshman) is literally thrown up into the 
branches. He clings like mad. A sophomore is close at his 
heels. There! he has grasped him. How they fight! But ah, 
the fr-eshman throws a flag ! There it flies ! A writhing crowd 
at the foot of the tree sends up a thunderous shout. Two 
stout-chested "freshies" appear mysteriously from among the 
branches, and guard this shining piece of linen as if it were a 
golden fleece. 

Over and over again this takes place, every attack seeming 
worse than the one before. Sweaters are torn from struggling 
backs, eyes are blackened, and cheeks bruised. Someone drops 
to the ground exhausted, only to enter the next minute into 
the blood-curdling fight. Anything is fair, from burning the flag 
down to turning water onto a fellow who may be holding a 
flag. However, although it does not appear so, rules do exist, 
and the "rush committee,*' composed of upper-classmen, watch 
to see that the rules are observed. 

The wild tug-of-war continues until the chapel bell rings at 
eight^thirty the next morning. Then comes the decision. Have 
the fr'eshmen at least one flag flying? If so, and if this flag re- 
mains for twenty minutes, they are the heroes of the day. 

On the following day comes the foot-ball game between these 
same rivals, and later on the basket ball game and track meet. 

But what does it matter after all, if the freshmen are de- 
prived by the outcome of these various contests of owning a 
small piece of felt with two numerals on it? Their rooms can be 
decked with something twice as "sporty" and attractive. Why! 
think of the wounded pride, think how, for four long years, in 
the interclass games and meets, their flag will be missing among 
the others, — theirs, the flag best of all'! 

Myrtle Mevis Killpatrick, Lambda. 



182 ALPHA XI DELTA 

THE MOCK WEDDING AT WITTENBERG 

Perhaps the most interesting custom at Wittenberg until re- 
cently, was the '* Mock Wedding." Unfortunately, however, it 
fell into disuse, and for the past two years its place has been 
taken by a ** party." The present underclassmen knows it not, 
but its passing has never ceased to be mourned by the older 
girls, who find some consolation in describing it vividly for the 
edification of the wondering freshmen. 

This wedding was an annual affair, celebrated on Thanks- 
giving Eve, with great pomp and ceremony, at Pemdiff Hall, 
the girls' dormitory. Portunate indeed was the "outsider" who 
received an invitation, for the wedding party was most exclu- 
sive, only the " immediate fiiends " being present. 

Of course, no men were allowed, and of course too, they 
were very desirous of being present and often stood outside, in 
the hope of entering the forbidden precincts, until a dash of 
water from an upstairs window somewhat dampened their 
ardor. 

Although a ** town girl," I was privileged to attend the last 
wedding, since the bride and the clergyman, one of the ushers, 
and two of the musicians were ''Alphas." 

This time the girls had decided to have an ''Alice Roosevelt " 
wedding. "Nicholas" had given "Alice" an engagment ring 
with an absurdly large set which she wore conspicuously for 
two weeks before the wedding and which sparkled glassily into 
the eyes of all beholders. The presents, many and varied, con- 
sisted of everything firom a meat fork to a piano, all purchased 
at the Pive and Ten Cent Store. 

On the evening of the wedding the parlors were decorated 
with palms and flowers, white cr6pe paper marking off the path 
of the bridal party. Promptly at eight o'clock the orchestra, 
two violins and the piano, played the wedding march and the 
party descended the stairs and took their places in the drawing 
room before a bank of palms. The clergyman in a long gown 
(borrowed from one of the seniors), read an impressive cere- 
mony of her (I mean his) own, in which he bade the bride re- 
frain from serving sliced bananas at breakfast and having apple 



COLLEGE CUSTOMS 183 

batter more than once a week, in joking reference to the bill of 
fare at the Hall. 

The bride wore white, with a lace curtain veil which swept 
the floor behind her. The groom, best man and ushers had bor- 
rowed dress suits from fathers and brothers. ** Teddy," in eye- 
glasses and mustache, looked very realistic. 

After the ceremony, the happy couple received the congratu- 
lations of their friends, and then they suddenly abandoned their 
dignity and someone playing a lively two-step, the bridal party 
and guests joined in the dance. 

The next morning a surprising account of the wedding ap- 
peared in the paper. None of the statements given were cor- 
rect, not even the names of the bride and groom. It ended by 
saying that a wedding supper of cheese and rye bread was en- 
joyed by all. The boys, feeling that they had been very much 
slighted, had used this means to *' get even " with the girls. 

Editb H, Smith, Zeta. 



WEAVING THE WESLEYAN COLORS 

A favorite custom at Iowa Wesleyan is the Promenade Con- 
cert which is annually held Tuesday of commencement week; 
Hundreds of students and alumnae meet on the spacious camp- 
us green. Here, while the college band plays glorious Wesleyan 
airs, old ties are renewed, friendship's bonds are strenghtened, 
and forgotten tales of the long ago mingle harmoniously with 
the more modem college pranks as they are merrily related. 
Though some heads are gray, all hearts are young again and 
all are sons and daughters of old Wesleyan. 

Promptly at four o'clock two long ranks of student girls 
dressed in white march to the music of the band, from difierent 
comers of the campus and meet to weave the royal purple and 
the white. Many beautiful and artistic figures are formed, 
blending the colors in various ways. The word ''Wesleyan" is 
formed and a toast to her honor is sung. They graceftilly form 
the class numerals — "1908" this year— and the graduating class 
in cap and mantle march sedately through an aisle made by the 
two ranks of maidens. A toast to the graduating class is simg 



164 ALPHA XI DELTA 

and cheers for them and old Wesleyan rend the air. Erery- 
where the colors, royal purple and white, are in evidence and in 
all hearts is a feeling of loyalty and love for Alma Mater. 

Mabel Duncan, Beta. 



DISTINCTIVE CUSTOMS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF 

WISCONSIN 

The first great event of the school year at the University of 
Wisconsin is the freshman-sophomore rtish. For the new men 
it is the introduction at close range to the student body of 
which they are now to become a part. At Wisconsin, the rush, 
although it corresponds to the cane rushes of other institutions, 
is very different in character. 

The freshmen meet in the Gymnasium at four in the after- 
noon for preliminary instructions concerning the gymnasium 
work for the year. At this time the sophomores gather on the 
lower campus across the street from the Gymnasium. Usually 
an hour passes, then the side door of the Gymnasium is cau- 
tiously pushed open. The freshman meeting is over and the 
victims of the approaching fray are coming out. With a yell, 
the sophomores, organized in a phalanx or some such forma- 
tion, rush across the street, and, enclosing the mass of unsus- 
pecting freshies, sweep them alongside the Gymnasium and 
shove them off into thecold waters of Lake Mendota. At least, 
this is the programme as prepared by the second year class each 
year. It is rarely carried out. 

In the first place, the freshmen are never unsuspecting but 
have come as frilly prepared as the sophomores. In the second 
place, the first year class is always stronger in numbers than 
the second year class and it not infrequently happens that the 
phalanx is caught by a mob of yelling freshies and borne in 
triumph to the water. 

All class organization is broken up after the first rush and 
the struggle is continued by small bands of from ten to twenty 
on a side. Sometimes sophomores, sometimes freshmen are the 
victorious ones, the outcome depending on the strength and 
number of the opposing parties. Occasionally one sees an 



COLLEGE CUSTOMS 18S 

amusing chase after a slippery little fellow or sometimes a 
dozen small Preshies struggling with one giant soph. Very 
rarely does one see an equal fight going on. The spirit of fan is 
prevalent throughout the game. 

The victorious class is the one which keeps the other in the 
water at the end. The common rush has been varied at times 
by contests over flags on rafks or poles. These contests are 
nearly always attended with danger and have done most 
to call forth the disapprobation of students and faculty and 
citizens of the state. Whatever value the rush may have for the 
men students, for the co-ed, who watches it with wide-eyed 
astonishment and not a little fear for life and limb of the partic- 
ipants, it has far less significance. Her first rush is, however, 
an extremely vivid and exciting sight. 

Through the fall of the year the customs at Wisconsin are 
probably not very different firom those at other Universities. 
The college spirit evinces itself at convocations, football games, 
mass meetings, etc., but especially at the bon-fires on the Lower 
Campus. These latter demonstrations occur when the old 
Wisconsin spirit rises to an explosive pitch and bursts its bonds 
anew because of some new victory won for the cardinal. The 
Wisconsin spirit has for its motto: ** There are no quitters in 
Wisconsin." 

After the first month or two comes the first-class mixer. 
The freshmen are invited to attend an informal reception in 
Library hall. The men of the other classes have their smokers 
at various times through the winter. The senior class keeps up 
an old tradition when it gathers every February for the senior 
swing-out. At this meeting the seniors for the first time appear, 
or are supposed to appear, in cap and gown. The women fol- 
low this custom in goodly numbers, but it is seldom if ever, that 
the practical engineer or the scoffing law man can be persuaded 
to don this ancient garb. The programme consists of addresses 
by members of the faculty, and music. The rest of the evening 
is taken up with dancing. 

Dancing at theUniversity of Wisconsin has a very prominent 
place in the social life. There are six military hops and two 
naval balls given during the year under the auspices of these 
departments respectively. At the former, the men are obliged 



186 ALPHA XI DELTA 

to wear the University regiment uniforms and this fact makes 
them popular chiefly among the underclassmen, to whom the 
glamour of blue coats and brass buttons is still fresh and allur- 
ing. The naval balls are somewhat more formal than the hops. 
The officers of the regiment give what is known as the Officers' 
ball. This is a very formal and usually a very pretty affair. 

" Interscholastic/' a very ambiguous term for a non-univer- 
sity event, has acquired great importance for the Greek Letter 
societies. Interscholastic means the athletic meet held here, 
usually during the last week of May, for the High schools of 
the State. This time has been made the date for rushing here, 
the fraternities and sororities taking advantage of the influx of 
High school students, many of whom are to become University 
students the next fall. Before the date we send out our invita- 
tions to those High school students who are recommended to 
us. We also entertain at Interscholastic such University stu- 
dents as we wish to rush. 

An event tried here for the first time this year was a May 
Day Pete, given by the co-eds. The affair took place on the 
upper campus at six thirty in the evening. The women were 
dressed in white with significant adornments, as flags, etc. The 
seniors wore caps and gowns. After a grand march several 
dances were given around a May pole. Crowds of people came 
to see the Pete and, though an innovation here, it will probably 
be accepted and will become one of our college customs. 

The affairs of Commencement week are in general the same 
here as at nearly every college. The only unique feature is the 
Pipe of Peace ceremony. The Pipe of Peace is a long Indian pipe 
decorated with class ribbons for many years back. A senior is 
custodian of the pipe and on the evening of the Class Day he 
brings it to the Lower Campus where a crowd of juniors and 
seniors and other spectators have gathered around a huge bon- 
fire. In the light of the flickering, dancing flames the custodian 
speaks a few words of good will and advice to the juniors and 
voices the farewell of the passing class. He is answered by the 
junior who has been chosen custodian for the coming year. 
Then the Pipe of Peace with its new ribbons is passed around 
the circle to be smoked according to the old Indian custom. 

These affairs I have described so briefly and inadequately, 



COLLEGE CUSTOMS 187 

make tip a few of the interesting features of our University life. 
There are probably many others which to a stranger's observa- 
tion are distinctive customs but which to us are so innate that 
we fail to appreciate them. 

We are proud of our University with its size, its strength and 
its far-reaching fame. We are proud of the Wisconsin spirit, 
which has made it what it is and which wherever we are, in 
convocation, at Camp Randall, on the campus, moves us to rise 
and stand with bared heads as we sing our ** Varsity Toast " : 

" Varsity Varsity ! U-Rah-Rah Wisconsin ; 
Praise to thee we sing. 
Praise to thee our Alma Mater, 
U-Rah-Rah Wisconsin ! " 

Ruth N. Ekem, Tbeta, 



A SOUTH DAKOTA CUSTOM 

Since time immemorial it has been the custom for the seniors 
to entertain the other classes, but singularly enough it is really 
the others who entertain the seniors. The amusement is af- 
forded by "slams" on each other, so at least once a year we 
have a chance to "see ourselves as others seeus." It falls upon 
the freshmen to slam the sophomores and they do so with alac- 
rity. Upon the sophomores falls the double duty of slamming 
both the freshmen and juniors, while the juniors in turn take off 
the seniors. 

The sophomores this year were noted for their exciting class 
meetings, so the freshmen gave an imitation of their fight over 
the class play and the leading characters, the president and the 
class boss, were so true to life we could not help recogniadng 
them. 

The sophomores undertook the whole task of changing the 
freshmen into juniors. Der Herr Proffessor Von Streichendoch 
introduced a machine by means of which the freshmen could be 
immediately transformed into juniors without traveling the 
stormy path of the sophomore year. Each soph impersonated 
some freshmen with all his idiosyncracies passing through the 
machine, whereupon another soph took up the part and imper- 
sonated the juniors. One poor, aspiring freshman, wanted to 



188 ALPHA XI DELTA 

be turned into a big football player "jttst like Brother Bill." 
Prof. Von Streichendoch did the best heconld, but all that came 
of him was just a football dummy. 

The juniors showed us what we might expect of the seniors 
on Class Day. The first thing we found on the pasteboard pro- 
gram, which they handed us, was a ''seleckshun" by the orches- 
tra, which was composed of mouth organs, jews harps and one 
squeaky fiddle, and made an effect indeed soul inspiring. This 
was followed by the address of welcome, the theme of which 
was "Well— anyway You're Welcome." 

The rest of the seniors usual program was carried out in the 
same spirit, but the seniors only looked down from their dizzy 
heights and smiled. The erening was concluded by a delicious 
spread and an informal hop. 

Mary A, Nichols, Bpsilon, 



THE DIARY OF A SYRACUSE FRESHMAN 

Sept. 19— Arrived in Syracuse this A. M. Great town. Or- 
dered a new suit which will come next week. Bought a firsh- 
man cap— green with an orange button. It makes a swell com- 
bination with red hair and freckles. 

Flour rush to-night. About one hundred ireshies pitted 
against eight sophomores. I guess flour was too expensive, so 
the accommodating upper classmen provided us with lamp- 
black. Great sport that! Hope to get the stuflf out of my hair 
before I go home Christmas. Glad I brought that old sweater 
and my overalls. 

Sept. 20— First chapel. My, but Chancellor Day's an awfal 
sympethetic man. When he spoke of the folks at home being so 
proud of their college boy, I had to wink mighty hard. 

After chapel, we and the sophs had a salt rush. What would 
ma say if she could have seen it. She thinks foot-ball's barbar- 
ous, but it isn't in it with the salt rush. We had to march 
around Crouse College three times, while the sophs soaked us 
with bags of salt and everything else that came handy, on the 
side, of course. My, but it was exciting. When I came to my- 
self, I was wandering about minus half a shirt and plus a black 
eye. I didn't mind it though. It was worth it, for we won. 



COLLEGE CUSTOMS 189 

We also won the wrestling matches which followed. (Note.) 
Girls don't enter the rushes. They sit on the bank and cheer ns 
on. 

Pretty strenuous life. Freshmen-sophomore reception to- 
night. Had a terrible time getting a girl. You see, freshmen 
men take sophomore women, while sophomore men take fresh- 
men women. Finally a Delta Sigma man offered to find me a 
partner, which he did — about eight P. M. Mighty nice of him, 
I say. Just as we got to Crouse College, where the reception 
was held, we met a bunch of upper classmen, one of whom 
walked off with my girl — the very fellow who got her for me, 
confound him — while the rest devoted themselves to me. I was 
lugged off to a place where there were a lot of other captives. I 
had to stand on my head a dozen times, make fire speeches, 
compare a poem to a buttercup, sing, *'Mary Had a Little 
Lamb," give my prep school yell, and a few other little things 
like that. Finally, they let me go with my collar hind side be- 
fore, my coat wrong side out, and my trousers turned up to my 
knees. Just wait till I'm an upper classman. I'll take it out on 
somebody. When I got straightened around and back in the 
hall, a still more serious complication confronted me. How in 
the dickens was I to find my girl. I had only known her half 
an hour. I knew she had dark hair and wore a white dress, so 
did a hundred others. I wandered around rather aimlessly un- 
til I saw a lone girl coming towards me, looking as though she 
wasn't sure whether she knew me or didn't. I made a bold 
stab and luckily hit it. She's a pretty good sort of a girl. The 
upper classmen didn't bother us any more. Gee, when my 
brother was here, they climbed up into the trees and turned a 
hose right into the hall. The next day about a hundred packed 
their trunks. They don't do such things any more. Wish they 
did but I suppose it is rather hard on the girls. 

Sept. 21 — Every day after chapel, the fellows get together on 
the stairs and sing. It sounds fine. 

Sept. 22 — One thing I've learned to-day is, that thefreshmen 
must sit in their seats in chapel until the other classes in order 
of rank, have passed out. Glad my brother warned me about 
that chapel seat gag. One poor fool paid a sophomore half a 
dollar for one and then thought he'd struck a bargain. 



190 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Sept. 23 — Was forcibly reminded to tip my hat when I passed 
a sophomore. 

Sept. 24— College sing on the campus to-night. About five 
hundred fellows sat on the slope singing and yelling, while the 
co-eds, on the campus, cheered and looked on. 

Sept. 27— Went to D.K.E. house to lunch, D.U. house to din- 
ner and to the Psi Upsilon in the evening. 

Sept. 28— Joined Y. M. C. A. Subscribed for all the college 
papers. 

Sept. 30— Pledged to D. K. E. 

Oct. 15— Interclass track meet. Freshmen won with fifteen 
points to the good. 

Oct. 24— Guess we silenced the sophs upon the foot-ball ques- 
tion, all right— to the tune of 16-2. It really ain't no ftin to 
win all the time. 

Dec. 12 — Freshman banquet. Great sport. Five windows 
broken ; four sophs in lock up. 

Dec. 13— I'm changing my views about the Chancellor. Some- 
thing is going to be doing if senior council, which is supposed to 
govern the student affairs, doesn't investigate that banquet. 

Dec. 15— Junior promenade. Great time. 

Dec. 16 — Banquet affair settled satisfactorily— to the fac- 
ulty — by a fifty cent student tax. Talk about g^aft. 

Feb. 4— Valentine's day coming early this year. Most every- 
one got a blue card from the faculty. Twenty flunked out 
already, on the midyears. Just escaped by passing up nine 
hours. 

Feb. 15— Rah ! Rah ! Rah ! for the freshmen girls. They beat 
the sophs at basket-ball. Wish I was a reporter. 

Feb. 28 — Senior ball. Can't afford it. Freshman vs. sopho- 
mores in annual snow rush, this a. m. It goes without saying 
that we won. Wonder how it would seem to lose. 

Mar. 22 — Less said about class debate, the better. Out for 

the crew. Bu— but it's cold work pushing a boat off in the icy 
water. 

Mar. 23 — Perhaps girls don't understand the ins and outs of 

politics ! Just watch the Woman's League elections. 

Mar. 30 — Athletic Association elections. Great rivalry. 

April 5 — Still on crew. 




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COLLEGE CUSTOMS 191 

April 15 — We're ahead in the inter-fraternity base-ball league. 

April 30— Boar's Head, the dramatic club staged, **Thc 
Rivals/' at Wieting Opera House to-night. Pretty fair per- 
formance. 

May 5 — Interclass crew races. Freshmen won. All aboard 
for Poughkeepsie ! 

May 7 — Moving-up day. Out all night before, painting every- 
thing green. Just escaped being captured by the sophomores. 
The dormitories and chapter houses were all decorated with 
green and orange bunting, S. U. and other pennants. Rah ! 
Rah ! Rah ! for the faculty ! They gave us the whole morning 
as a holiday. Chapel was held in Crouse College. The faculty, 
in full war paint, appeared upon the platform while the seniors 
for the first time in caps and gowns, occupied the seats in front. 
The hall was crowded. Dean Smalley spoke upon the origin 
and the development of the moving-up day celebration. 

Long ago, in the first days of S. U., it was customary for the 
seniors to take their examinations the first of May, before the 
other classes. Thus, during this period, their seats in chapel 
were left vacant. Soon the juniors said to one another, '' It is 
only a short time now before we will be the seniors. Why not 
occnpy the senior seats now ? " And accordingly they did so. 
Before long the other two classes also "moved up." In the 
natural course of events, the students asked for the hour follow- 
ing chapel in which to hold exercises appropriate to the day 
upon which they ** moved up." Obtaining the inch, of course, 
they demanded the mile, so before long they petitioned for the 
whole morning following chapel. Then the idea of a fi-eshman 
parade, as suitable to the occasion, arose. "This year," con- 
tinned the Dean, ** we have given you the whole morning and I 
suppose — well, I may as well say it — I suppose before a great 
many years you will have the whole day." (Dean S. is respon- 
sible for the rhetoric. ) Of course a great deal of applause showed 
the students' appreciation of the last clause. 

When the Dean had finished his remarks, a representative 
firom each class was called upon to tell just how and why his 
class was the best ever. I was appointed as the martyr from 
our class. I had prepared what was, in my own estimation, a 



192 ALPHA XI DELTA 

pretty fair speech. When I was called upon, I made my bow to 
the faculty and to the audience : 

" To speak of the achievements of the class of '11 would, I 
fear, — 

" You, bet it would," came in derisive accents from the rear 
and swallowed up the rest of my particularly telling introduc- 
tory sentence. When a lull came, I began again : " The present 
occasion reminds me of a little story. Once," — but I got no 
further. 

" Aw, take your hands out of your pockets." 

" Gesture please — right hand." 

" Did you read that story in the Ladies^ Home Journal ?^^ 

The rest of the speech didn't matter. 

At eleven A. M. occurred the best freshman parade ever held 
at Syracuse University. I am too sleepy to write it all up. 
There were clowns, Fiji Islanders, farmyard animals, six feet 
tall, a gigantic book worm, a hundred feet long, contributed by 
the ** Fine Arts " students, take-offs on the faculty, grinds on re- 
cent college events. The coming class of 1912, was represented 
by a baby with a nursing bottle, pushed along in a baby car- 
riage. I was the baby. In the rear, came a hack in which sat 
a minister — on his knees, a coffin containing our green caps. 
When the parade had returned to the campus after a trip down- 
town, the coffin, caps and all was buried with the customary 
burial services. I bought a gray cap yesterday. No more green 
lids for mine. Hooray ! I am a sophomore now ! 

Belle Cbadbonme^ Eta, 



THE COMING OF THE FLEET 



For months it had been talked of and all Seattle had read 
with the deepest interest of the long journey of the Atlantic 
fleet around the Horn, of the cordial welcome accorded our sail- 
ors in South American ports and of the magnificent record made 
at the target practice in Magdalena Bay. 

After the first visit to a home port when the sixteen battle 
ships reached San Diego and reports began to come of the 
elaborate reception lavished on the visitors all along the Cali- 
fornia coast, plans were rapidly formulated which later on 
proved that Seattle could make a record too, when it came to a 
question of doing honor to the flower of Uncle Sam's Navy. 

Shortly before the arrival of the fleet Captain Hobson of 
"Mcrrimac" fame delivered a very interesting lecture at the 
university on the needs of the American navy, whereupon, once 
again proving that great minds flow in the same channel the 
English professors to a man, assigned for a theme the topic, 
" Should the United States increase her navy ? " As this caught 
fully three-fourths of the students in the academic department 
and incidentally of the Alpha Xi Delta sorority (who had been 
struggling all year on such weighty subjects as^' What I can see 
from the Ad. Building steps") many and heated were the discus- 
sions of the probability of war with our yellow neighbors over- 
seas and the relative merits of the " Dreadnaught "type of bat- 
tleship as compared to our fine new " Nebraska." The fact that 
few if any of us could have told the difference between a turret 
and a conning tower was completely lost sight of. 

The sight of battleships is not a novel one in Seattle, as the 
largest navy yard on the coast is situated on Puget Sound only 
a few miles from the city, and the Pacific cruiser fleet had paid 
a short visit to the Sound a few weeks before, but of course no 
such naval spectacle had ever been witnessed there previous to 
this time as was now looked for. Seattle is a city of about two 
hundred and eighty thousand, but during fleet week thousands 



194 ALPHA XI DELTA 

of people poured into the city on every train until the popula- 
tion must have been doubled. Traffic in the business section 
was almost congested while even standing room in the street 
cars was a cause for fervent thanksgiving. How the whole 
northwest, American and Canadian, Japanese and Chinese 
united in one great celebration, has been told and retold in all 
the papers and need not be dwelt upon here. 

On the morning of May 23rd the crowds began to assemble 
along the docks and bluffs above the Sound, and the University 
quarter was early stripped of its scholarly denizens. The Alpha 
Xis moved by the same impulse of patriotism, sallied forth in 
two sections, agreeing to meet at Kinnear Park which com- 
mands a full view of the Sound. The first section arrived safely 
but the rear guard, which bore the lunch baskets, never suc- 
ceeded in getting beyond the business part of the city, so great 
had the crowd become by noon. 

The Seattle harbor is generally conceded to be one of the 
most beautiful in America, its deep blue waters surrounded by 
green hills, with the snow-clad blympies rising sharply along 
the western horizon and the Cascade Range to the east. As the 
magnificent white and buff men-of-war swung into sight around 
Magnolia Bluff, the big ** Connecticut" in the lead, the sight 
was one never to be forgotten, and it is perfectly safe to say 
that there did not breathe in Seattle an American with soul 
so dead as not to have his enthusiasm stirred to the highest 
pitch by this tangible evidence of the power and weight of this 
great republic. No naval expert who valued his own safety 
would have dared venture the opinion then that our newest 
battleships had been absolete for three years, nor could any 
wars or rumors of wars have disturbed the serenity of the 
proud onlookers. 

Promptly at nine that evening at a signal from the flagship, 
the lights on the warships were switched on completely outlin- 
ing them, hull, mast and smokestack. When the great search- 
lights, calculated to throw their light for a distance of ten miles, 
were turned on, the scene was one of wonderful beauty. 

The business streets of the city were strung for several miles 
with red, white and blue incandescents, while thousands of flags 



THE COMING OF THE FLEET 195 

and banners bearing the words, ** Welcome to the Fleet," were 
in evidence. Admiral Sperry, ** Fighting Bob's" worthy suc- 
ressor, was presented with a golden key by Mayor Miller as 
significant of the welcome of the citizens, and certainly both 
3fficers and men found this but a partial indication of the ^arm 
hospitality awaiting them. 

The most interesting feature of it all from the university 
viewpoint occurred on the 25th, when a large transport was 
secured and thirteen hundred light-hearted students and pro- 
Fessors cruised among the warships for two hours. We seemed 
to be as much objects of interest to the sailors as they to us 
and as the strains of some gay martial air from the varsity 
band reached them across the water they would jig a gay ac- 
companiment. In response to our **Osky, wow, wow, Wash- 
ingtonia" the sincopated navy call **N, N, N," came back in 
perfect time. At last we were hailed by an officer on the ** Min- 
nesota" and invited to come alongside and board the ship. 
As we neared the float attached to the huge man-of-war our 
skipper called out to the seamen who were helping us board, 
** Catch that line aft there, will you ? I've got a lot of anxious 
kids here that can't wait much longer." After a half hour of 
pushing and squeezing down a narrow companion way, across 
the gang plank and up the side of the warship on a tippy little 
ladder we found ourselves free to satisfy our interest in that 
part of the vessel open to the public. 

Kodaks and cameras were much in evidence and both officers 
and men offiered alluring subjects for snap shots. One weary 
Jack Tar with a pair of suffering feet wrapped in burlap who 
had disposed himself for a nap in the sun, awoke to find several 
kodaks focused upon him. Needless to say his exit was not de- 
layed by any ill-timed excuses. A huge Washington banner was 
presented to the battleship by the students who then reluctantly 
took their departure. 

The following day there occurred the largest and finest 
parade ever witnessed in the northwest, when twelve thousand 
sailors, marines and regular army troops took part. Nor must 
the sixteen little bears, mascots of the battleships, be forgotten 
even though one or two disloyal, little fellows firmly declined to 
march and had to be carried. 



196 ALPHA XI DELTA 

This visit of the most powerful fleet ever sailing under the 
stars and stripes will long be considered an event in the history 
of the city of Seattle. Long anticipated and long planned for, 
it did not disappoint in any sense of the word. Whatever the 
meaning of the long cruise or the purpose behind the dispatch- 
ing of this mighty armada, it has aroused such a feeling of patri- 
otism and such a deep interest in the navy as would not have 
been possible otherwise, nor can it fail to win the admiration 
and applause of the nations of the world as it continues its 

famous voyage. 

Mary Emily Kay, Gamma, '04, Nu, '08, 



A SONNET 



Would that my talents were for nobler things, — 
To charm the ages with a lasting lay; 
To crowd my bit of canvas with array 

Of pageants, purple, and the pomp of kings ; 

With soft-toned harmonies from trembling strings. 

The world enslaved by lingering sound to sway; 

With quickening touch to mold the pliant clay; 
Till bards should sound my praise a thousand springs. 
Yet ever to my hand a task I find, 

A tale to tell, a common song to sing, 
A smile to cheer a weary one, to bind 

With tender art a sparrow's broken wing. 
Trusting the deeds unknown, like stars by day. 
In that last night may gleam along my way. 

Mary Meek Atkeson, Iota, 

[From the "Monticola" of the Uniyenity of West Virginia.] 



THE MUCH-CRITICISED CHAPTER LETTER 



In our fraternity journals there are many subjects so often 
discussed that, from being constantly harped upon, they strike 
the senses as trite and wearisome. Even so unpleasantly does 
the practice of scales and arpeggios fall upon the ear, yet the 
skillfal organist must submit to the tiresome repetition if he is 
to make his technique admirable. 

It is scarcely with the officious aim of perfecting the techni- 
que of our chapter correspondents that I rewrite what has been 
written so often and so well ; but it is rather because there are 
at present new chapter editors who may welcome a few time- 
worn suggestions in regard to their work. 

The main ftmction of the Alpha Xi Delta is to carry an 
account of each chapter's progress to our whole fraternity. 
Accordingly, we recognize the fact that the chapter letters are 
really the most important part of the journal, and we seek to 
make these letters of a type to perform worthily the service for 
which they are intended. 

If the letter achieves its actual aim, first of all it should 
touch upon the basic activities of chapter life, telling what the 
group from which it comes is accomplishing as a whole, and 
what the individual members are doing in relation to the chap- 
ter. At this point we should distinguish between the items that 
belong to the letter and those that should form a part of the 
personals. Any bit of news at all affecting the whole chapter 
should be given in the former, while only that belonging to life 
outside fraternity circles should be put among the latter. If 
May Brown has won an honor in college or is about to con- 
tinue her education by travel, the chapter correspondent should 
record the fact in her letter. On the other hand, if May Brown 
has friends visiting her at the house, or is spending Junior Week 
at another college, the editor may place the item among the 
personals. We make this distinction in order to increase the im- 
portance of the subject matter of the letters, which are getting 



198 ALPHA XI DELTA 

to be shorter and less interesting than the personals. The letter 
is the place for an account of the achievements of the chapter, 
for its hopeful plans and successful methods. During the quar- 
ter, its writer should take notes of every point of interest to 
her fraternity in other colleges. She should not for an instant 
consider her work of slight value, but should think that upon 
her skill in expressing chapter life and enthusiasm in her letter, 
depends the real success of the Alpha Xi Dblta. 

To add one **do not" to all the above "do's," the chapter 
correspondent should be careful that her work is simple, and 
sincere, and free from expressions like "the sadness of commence- 
ment," the "cold world," and "a perfectly delightful time." 
Such merely sentimental forms of phraseology are sure to ob- 
scure the really good thought that the writer is trying to put 
into words. 

Perchance some inexperienced editor may want an illustra- 
tion of a fairly good chapter letter. I have at hand only one 
fraternity journal besides the Alpha Xi Delta and so am forced 
to limit my choice to the letters in that, — the June Crescent,^^ 
The first letter quoted below seems to express the life and spirit 
of the chapter from which it comes. It records no university 
news, possibly because at that time there was none of interest 
to the national fraternity. The second mentions both chapter 
and college events, but it fails to show their significance. It 
casually mentions what I personally know to have been an un- 
usually clever comic opera, and one well worth a few lines of de- 
scription. It says, " The Schoolmaster's Club met here . . . 
and we had a jolly household for a few days." That sentence 
means nothing to the girls of other colleges unless they are 
made to understand the nature of the club and its educational 
value to all Michigan. 

[Copy first.] 

** Dear Sisters : One of the events for Alpha during the past 
month was the party given for us by our ever close friends, the 
Alumnae. Mrs. Porter opened her spacious home on Orchard 
road, but, large as it was, we Gamma Phis nearly filled it. We 
had great fun opening our individual surprise boxes, which 
proved to contain rare but practical gifts, such as "tenpins," 



THE MUCH-CRITICISED CHAPTER LETTER 199 

** Gold Dust Twins " and many other fakes of like nature. After 
watching some unique charades, we were served a very fine 
supper. We of course closed with a rousing good sing, and every- 
body came away filled to the brim with ** Gamma Phi cheer." 

We are now anticipating our next reunion, which will be at 
the time of our annual ** donation party." The entertainment 
for this occasion is always planned by the sophomore class. 
This year a genuine minstrel show is to be given, and we have 
little doiibt as to its success, as we believe there is a lot of talent 
stored away in our under-classmen. 

Just before the Easter holidays we gave a little bridge party 
for some sub-fireshmen, but that is about the only entertaining 
we have indulged in. The girls have, however, kept busy with 
other things fully as important. One of our seniors, **Rege" 
Waters, won distinction for some good playing in the annual 
senior-junior basketball game. Other of our girls have been 
prominent in helping to form ** The Woman *s League," an organ- 
ization whose purpose is to promote student government among 
the women of the University. Marion Williams, our one senior 
of the Fine Arts College, appeared on the program of the April 
•* Public " and won much praise for her fine work. Jess Truman, 
'09, is pledged to the senior society of Eta Pi Upsilon. 

With only a few weeks more of college. Alpha is beginning to 
realize that she will soon lose one of the largest and strongest 
senior classes she has ever had. It is unusual for a class to re- 
main so intact throughout the four years, there being only one 
out of the eleven who did not finish her course. 

Alpha sends best wishes to each and every Gamma Phi." 

[Copy second.] 

*' Since the last Crescent letter lots of things have happened 
at Michigan. Junior hop, sophomore prom and freshman ban. 
quet are things of the past. 

In February the men of the college gave a comic opera called 
"Michigenda." It was a great success, and every one agreed 
that it was better than anything they had given before. 

Schoolmasters' Club met here just before vacation. A goodly 
number of the old girls were back, and we certainly had a jolly 



200 ALPHA XI DELTA 

household for a few days. We ^ave a tea at the house for the 
girls and their friends in town and had a good time generally. 

Now we are getting ready to give a little play at the spring 
banquet. The date of the banquet has not been decided upon, 
but we hope that all the Alumnae who can will be here. 

This year Beta is going to have the pleasure of entertaining 
all the girls at convention. We take this opportunity to urge all 
to come. We trust that a great many more than the regular 
delegates will find it possible to visit Beta chapter. All Gamma 
Phis will be more than welcome." 




AL PHA P HI 

Of the organizations which are affiliated in the Inter-Soror- 
ity Conference, Alpha Phi is the fifth in the order of founding. 
It was founded at Syracuse University on October 20, 1872, 
and was, in this university where there now more Greek Letter 
societies for women than at any other American college or uni- 
versity, the first women's fraternity. 

With regard to expansion. Alpha Phi is regarded as very 
conservative, for though it has been nearly forty years in exist- 
ence, its present chapter roll includes but fourteen active chap- 
ters. These are, however, in some of the best institutions, and 
it is noteworthy that all of Alpha Phi's chapters, with a single 
exception, are in colleges which have in them a chapter of Phi 
Beta Kappa. The active chapters are as follows : 

Alpha, Syracuse University, 1872; Beta, Northwestern Uni- 
versity, 1881; Gamma, DePauw University, 1887; Delta, Cor- 
nell University, 1889; Epsilon, University of Minnesota, 1890; 
Zeta, Woman's College of Baltimore, 1891 ; Eta, Boston Uni- 
versity, 1883; Theta, University of Michigan, 1892; Iota, 
University of Wisconsin, 1896; Kappa, Leland Stanford, Jr., 
University, 1899; Lambda, University of California, 1901; 
Mu, Barnard College, 1903; Nu, University of Nebraska, 1906; 
Xi, University of Toronto, 1906. 

Alpha Phi has also established nine Alumnae chapters : Chi- 
cago Alumnae, Central New York Alumnae, Boston Alumnae, Min- 
nesota Alumnae, New York City Alumnae, Southern Alumnae, 
Western New York Alumnae, Detroit Alumnae, San Francisco 
Alumnae. 

The two last named have only recently been added to the 
list. Each of these Alumnae associations is given representa- 
tion in the National convention. 

Alpha Phi's badge is a monogram of the two Greek letters, 
Alpha and Phi. The society has no official jewel, but the pins 
are often set with gems. The plain, unjeweled pin is, however, 
much used. The pledge pin is a small circular badge of bor- 
deaux enamel, with the open motto, ** Hand in Hand," in Greek 
between two bands of silver. 

The number of Alpha Phi's initiates is now about 1600, of 
whom 300 are active members. 

The first chapter house ever owned by a women's fraternity 
was the one erected by Alpha Phi in 1889 at Syracuse. 

Among Alpha Phi's well-known members was Dr. Electa 
Whipple, the noted physician and surgeon of Buffalo, whose 
death occurred recently. 



WHAT THE LITTLE GREEN NOTE- 
BOOK TOLD 



Down stairs they were taking flashlights ; over in the other 
cottage hilarious bed-making was in progress on the veranda 
for the open-air sleepers ; upstairs three distinct conversations 
rose and mingled above the thin board partitions of three 
rooms, while from a fourth no sound issued excepting the faint 
scratching of a hard and squeaky pencil. Presently, however, 
the silence in the fourth room was broken by a sleepy voice. 

**You look just like a green-and-yellow frog, huddled up 
there. Why don't you come to bed?" said the voice, as its 
owner turned lazily over and looked at a girl in a gay kimona 
and two short brown braids, sitting on the bed, using her knees 
for a writing-desk while she scratched away industriously in a 
little green book. 

The girl in the kimona looked up with a distraught air. 

** I thought I'd keep a * diary,' don't you know," she replied. 
**This first Wisconsin Alpha Xi camping party is certainly 
worth recording— but there are so many things to tell about," 
she sighed, and hearing a half-snore from her companion re- 
turned to her pencil and the little green notebook. 

Thursday, June 18, 1908, 11:15 p. m. 

If I can ever settle my wits after this eventful day, and get 
my mind off the conversations, I'll try to settle this chronicle in 
order. The maids are talking at the tops of their voices about 
the ** Pig race" (only they wouldn't call it that) they attended 
at Esther Beach to-night. The red-haired one just said, ** Did 
you see the fellow I got acquainted with ? He is a swell dancer 
but he wasn't so nice outdoors." It is like what you read 
about— to hear them talk— and they might be a large-hearted, 
loud and noisy piece of the Bowery itself, if one of them didn't 
have the freshest country complexion imaginable. 

Floss and I went to the train to see Winefred off this noon, 



WHAT THE LITTLE GREEN NOTE-BOOK TOLD 203 

so we didn't go out with the main part of the crowd. ♦ ♦ ♦ 
As we were coming up from the station we heard. the Alpha 
whistle, had a glimpse of the girls whizzing by in the car, and a 
moment later saw them disembarking with all their imped- 
imenta, on the way to the boat at Angleworm Station. We had 
to laugh over that vision of ourselves as **ithers" would 
undoubtedly see us a little later. Everyone was laden with 
boxes, suitcases, coats, umbrellas — Louise's great bouquet of 
American beauties (in the ice-cream freezer for lack of a vase 
large enough) and Teena's red pompadour making startling 
oases of vivid color in the scene. ♦ * * * 

There is a high wire fence with a goodly supply of ** barb" 
between our two cottages, — hence the stile, a marvel of ingenu- 
ity constructed of chairs and boxes. We wound pieces of old 
carpet about the barb- wire at the stile,buttwoof the boys who 
came over this evening found a board and nailed it on top of 
the fence so that the apparatus is vastly improved. 

We eat on the big screened-in veranda of one of the cot- 
tages — and unless the maids can identify the dishes we took 
from the other cottage, I think the owners will have to fight it 
out between them. 



I do wish more of our sisters from other chapters might be 
with us. We have so enjoyed meeting the single one who has 
come : Alice Brenne of Epsilon. * * This is certainly an ideal 
way of getting acquainted with **old" and ** new "girls you 
have scarcely known ; and of talking over old times with friends 
you haven't seen for several years, perhaps. It is certainly 
quite reunion-like for the four of us '06 girls who are back, but 
we miss mightily the ones who aren't here. 

Saturday, June 20. 

Didn't write in the little green book last night, so here's a 
two days' duty to be performed in short order. 

Couldn't begin to set down more than a catalogue of all 
the things we have done these days : boating, swimming (down 
at Mary Rayne's cottage where the beach is fine), launch rides, 
cribbage, sleeping and day-dreaming and reading on the grass 
under the trees, watching the lake and the birds and trees, 
going to Hoboken for the dailysupply of groceries, climbing the 



204 ALPHA XI DELTA 

stile, and taking long walks to Winnequah and TurbilPs Point. 
That constitutes our doings in the aggregate, for no one, not 
even the liveliest of us, could have done it all. I forgot to men- 
tion the big rain and wind storm last night that forced the out- 
of-doors sleepers to beat a tumultuous retreat into the house, 
dragging their bed clothes and mattresses behind them. ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Theo and Ida are to attend summer school which begins 
Tuesday. They went to town this morning, to register. * * ♦ ♦ 
Floss and her mother left to-day, too — ^so we have lost the other 
one of our "kittens," and one chaperone. 

That reminds me, I haven't mentioned the other chaperone 
or the ** deputy-chap." yet. Mrs. Claire Cook who works in 
the office of the Department of State and has already com- 
pletely won our hearts, is our chaperone. She comes out on the 
five o'clock boat in the evening and goes back on the seven- 
fifteen in the morning. The only thing we don't like about that 
arrangement is the fact that it allows us so little of her— par- 
ticularly as most of us aren't up when she and Molly (one of 
our well-beloved pledges) run for the boat. Glad to-morrow 
is Sunday so we can have her all day. The "deputy-chap." is 
Mrs. Cook's little English terrier, Punch, who stays with us all 
the time, and fairly wags off" his abbreviated apology of a tail 
every evening when his mistress returns. 



Girls are coming and going continuously. Some who cannot 
stay all the time drop in for a day or two. There are about 
eighteen of us absolutely permanent, although we have twenty- 
three or twenty-four stowed away every night ; and with the 
men who turn up for tea now and then, we seldom have less 

than thirty at the evening meal. 

Sunday. 

I went to town to-day for the mail, and incidentally to call 
on some friends. Was afraid to look Bess in the face when I 
came back because she had asked me to get her last installment 
of carrots which Georgie had forgotten yesterday — which I for- 
got to-day. They're still reposing on the kitchen table at the 
house ! ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The number of nickels that girl squanders on 
raw carrots is simply astounding. Every time anyone has gone 



WHAT THE LITTLE GREEN NOTE^BOOK TOLD 205 

to town so far, she has sent in an order for carrots, until the 
thing has become as much a joke as Elizabeth's '' magic curlers/' 



Sang Alpha Xi Delta songs — and others — all the evening. * * 
It has been a hot day ; although the mosquitos drive us early to 
the shelter of the veranda, we are glad of the evening cool, when 
the lights twinkling in the city across the lake add a touch of 
mystery and interest to the night. ♦ * ♦ ♦ ♦ This evening there 
was heat lightning : every flash showed the clouds, dusky, out- 
lined with gold, and reflected for a moment in the water be- 
neath : it was most wierd and beautiful. 

Monday. 

Awoke this morning to hear Mrs. Cook and Molly hurriedly 
dressing and talking in exciting undertones about being late 
for the boat. Looked at my watch and saw it was only half- 
past six — called in to them— their clock said seven. They felt 
somewhat relieved, but still hurried mightily. The last I saw 
of them Mrs. Cook was running down the dewy, grass-grown 
road toward Hoboken,and Molly was doing a marvelous gym- 
nastic feat, climbing over the stile with four halves of bananas, 
two slices of bread, and a purse, in her hands. How she ever 
contrived to do it, I don't know, but she got over somehow for 
I saw her. ♦ ♦ ♦ About five minutes later the seven o'clock 
whistles blew over in the city— and some twenty minutes after 
that the boat reached Hoboken. They must have had time 
a-plenty to eat their bread and ** banana's ! " 

♦ * ♦ ♦ This day has gone largely like the others. One of the 
chief events of the day is the arrival of the mail-boat, about 
two in the afternoon. ♦ ♦ * We have the fence opened now at 
a place where two pieces of wire are joined. Some of the fel- 
lows did it yesterday for us. The stile is abandoned, excepting 
as a short-cut in time of great haste. * ♦ ♦ ♦ Lulu burned her 
neck and arms so badly to-day that she looks as if she were 
wearing a bright pink slip underneath her shirtwaist, and she 
has quite a problem getting settled for the night. 

We have a fine big Alpha Xi Delta banner on the flag-pole of 
one cottage. It is a source of much interest to the itinerent 
fishermen on the lake who quite forget their hooks and lines 



206 ALPHA XI DELTA 

while they try to decipher the inscription which is evidently 
'*all Greek "to them. 

We have been teasing Jessie unmercifully because of some- 
thing she said to-night. She wrote a letter to her sister and is. 
going to send it by special deli very to-morrow morning so that 
Alice can get it and let her know the same day whether she will 
be out for the dance in the evening. Well, after entrusting the 
letter to Mrs. Cook to mail, Jessie said, with a burst of pta^ 
inspiration : 

"I'll tell you what, girls, I think I'll go down to the Beach 
and call Alice up over long-distance and tell her I'm going to 
send her a special delivery so she'll be watching for it, as there 
isn't much time between trains and — " she didn't get any farther 
for by that time we were all shouting at her. 

Wednesday. 

Was too sleepy to write after the dance — and am very much 
that way to-night. But this is to be the end of the littte green 
notebook . I simply cannot bear to think of telling about break- 
ing camp, — it will be bad enough to do it. * * * 

There were so many of us old 'uns at the dance that we had 
a reception line of the whole thirty-one girls, and as a conse- 
quence some of the fellows came out at the end of the line with 
names most decidedly metamorphosed. One told me that he 
didn't mind most of the transformations, but when it came to 
turning Bragg into Bray, it made me feel altogether too much 
like a donkey f ♦ ♦ ♦ We had great fan coming home through 
the woods by the light of two lanterns, with cries of " Mad, 
turn to the right ! " to warn us out of the puddles, and the last 
boat shrieking warning to the boys to hurry back. 

We have had all manner of snapshots these days — hope they 
turn out well. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Elizabeth and Alice are going to the Dellsof the Wisconse for 
a little excursion. We're certainly sorry to have them leave. 
* * * * * That's the worst of such a good time as this — and 
of all incidental meeting with congenial souls — to think that 
after the incidental half hour, or day, or week, one may never 
see them again ! Yet there's a consolation in it, too ; every 
time it happens you are more and more convinced that what- 



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WHAT THE LITTLE GREEN NOTE-BOOK TOLD 207 

erer you may do there are sure to be, now and then, just such 
"fine and dandy," whole-hearted people who will cross your 
path, or travel a little way on it with you. * ♦ • 

You should have seen the sunset to-night. Across the lake 
the domes and spires of the city were silhouetted clean-cut 
against the sky, and above them hung great masses of opal- 
tinted cloud, with a long slender, red-|2:old line of cloud hanging 
over the dome of Main hall, and tiny, airy, rose-pink patches 
drifting here and there in the blue, — one couldn't begin to 
describe it, nor the wonderful peace and quiet of the evening. 

Later on, there was a big fire in the grate at one of the cot- 
tages, and some of us toasted marshmallows; others sat on the 
veranda and watched the golden after glow fade slowly behind 
the trees -while we talked a little, or sat in silence, just rejoicing 
in the scene. * * Then, after the boyis had gone, we all sat 
about the fire and talked— and talked— it was so hard to be pro- 
saic and sensible and think of going to bed when this was our 
last night. It seemed that we must cling to it as long as we 
possibly could. So we sat and talked and laughed — and refused 
to think more than for a moment now and then that this was 
almost the end. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ it shall be the end for you, Little 
Green Notebook. The sunset, and the afterglow, and the fire- 
ligfht were too perfect to be marred by details of packing and 
departure and all, so for you at least, Little Book, the glorious 

week ends here. 

Marion E. Ryan, Theta, '06. 



EVERY DAY COUNCIL 



SORORITY REPUTATION 

Agitations against the alleged evils of sororities are con- 
stantly occurring and we, to whom sorority means all that is 
best and noblest of life, give them little attention. Perhaps we 
make the passing remark that the agitators do not really know 
what sorority means. Their logic seems as fallacious as that of 
the small boy who declared he did not like jello, when he 
had never tasted it. Charles Dudley Warner's words, when 
asked to write a defense of his fraternity, probably best express 
the feelings of the sorority girl when a question of this kind is 
brought up. " Defend my fraternity ! I could as soon think of 
defending the sunlight and I cannot get myself into the proper 
mood to do either." 

So it is with all of us, and yet would we think thisway if we 
were looking at the sorority from the point of view of even the 
disinterested observer ? It would seem that the college world 
if none other, should be a world free from selfishness. But the 
sorority girl because of her added influence, if she is not careful 
and thoughtful indeed, is going to appear selfish. The outsider 
sees only a group of gay, thoughtless girls. He gets no glimpse 
of the high ideals of their hearts. 

Our sorority ideals are not so secret that we should avoid 
revealing them in our character and actions. Let us strive indi- 
vidually and collectively to make our lives such that each mem- 
ber shall be characterised in her own college world as the 
upholder of those high principles to which we have sworn our 
allegiance. Then perhaps, although not with the same love and 
reverence, yet heartily indeed will the outer world join with us 
in that beautiful toast written by Cora Stranahan Woodward : 
**I ask you to pledge with me that sweet influence which 
seasons the freshness of youth and freshens the sometimes 
staleness of later days ; that embodiment of the ideals of girl- 
hood which stands unabashed in the presence of womanhood ; 



EVERY DA Y COUNCIL 209 

that conserrator of friendship which has planted stations from 
sea to sea, where the faithfril may come like penitents to the 
stations of the cross, and be lightened of their burden of weari- 
ness, age, or maybe inexperience ! The fraternity, God bless her. 
May earth yield her increase. May heaven receive her votaries. 
And may she so impress our spirits that when we meet in the 
pearly streets we may know one another without the aid 

of badge or color." 

Mabel Heckler^ Gamma. 



CHAPTER INSPECTIONS 

Next year is inspection year in our sorority and all the chap- 
ters will be visited. Sometimes we question, what does the 
inspector hope to learn in the short time she is with a chapter ? 
In the first place, her visits must not be too short, and the best 
plan undoubtedly is to have the inspecting done by one person 
who can devote her entire time to the work, staying with each 
chapter as long as she is needed to give help and instruction. 
By experience and comparison she will learn much that will be 
of assistance to the different chapters. The inspector wishes 
to learn whether the chapter— as a unit and its members as in- 
dividuals—is a credit to the sorority, and whether the sorority's 
ideals, custom and secret work are lived up to, understood and 
observed in both the spirit and the letter. When a chapter is 
established the essentials are carefully imparted but often im- 
portant points are lost or not passed on accurately and the 
inspector will find much that needs improving. She learns these 
things by becoming acquainted with the girls of the chapter 
and learning of their intellectual and social standing by obser- 
vation and inquiry. The inspector must witness an initiation 
ceremonj' in order to know the chapter's understanding of the 
ritualistic work, and attend several business meetings in order 
to encourage parliamentary procedure and see how definite and 
businesslike the chapter is. The progress of the institution 
wherein the chapter has its home and the place of the girls in 
social service work are other points of great interest to the 
visitor. 

The inspector can work to better advantage if she is asso- 



210 ALPHA XI DELTA 

dated closely with the active girls during her visit;. either in 
the chapter house when she visits a chapter that lives in a 
house ; or in the girls' hall or dormitory when at schools where 
chapter houses are not possible. Often the girls think that the 
house of an active or alumna member is a better place wherein 
to entertain the visitor, but the inspector is really placed at a 
disadvantage here. She is more free to come and go and carry 
on her work of observation and assistance if quartered in the 
chapter house or hall, near the college, than in the most luxur- 
ious private house. The girls should spend as much time with 
the visitor as possible for it is acquaintance she desires, — ^that 
acquaintance which leads to true sympathy and understand- 
ing, — rather than elaborate social attentions. Opportunity to 
meet the girls of other sororities in their chapter houses is appre- 
ciated by the visitor. Perhaps the writer has dealt more with 
the duty of the chapter than that of the inspector, but the re- 
sponsibility is equal. It would be acceptable to read in the next 
number of the journal what some sister thinks is the duty of 

the inspector. 

Alpha. 

A CHEERING WORD TO THE WORKER 

In a service of love only can we show the spirit of true living. 
Not to serve because one cannot do much is to quench the spirit 
of brotherhood in one's own heart. 

No, it is the many littles that make the big, and altbo the 
effort may not be seen or appreciated, every deed tho small will 
make history for our dear Alpha Xi Delta, — and the influence of 
the service will go toward the bettering of womanhood. 

Even tho your effort may fail to accomplish what you had 
dreamed it might, yet the motive is what counts. The willing 
spirit within you gives quality to service. If you have failed to 
realize your ideal, don't become discouraged but remember that 
truest success can be attained through consecrated determina- 
tion. 

One thing that every Alpha girl can do is to be thoughtful 
and earnest in everything she does for the sorority, so that she 



EVERY DA Y COUNCIL 211 

may not by her thoughtlessness hinder the progress of those 
who are giving the best service to Alpha Xi Delta. 

May we everyone be loyal and ready to give a kind word of 
appreciation to those who show by their willing service that 
they are doing their best. For the greatest disappointment 
of all is to try and then feel that your efforts have been in vain, 
and that you were not equal to the task. 

Then thru all, let us feel that not to give because one has only 
a little is to snuff out the light of one's own life. This quaint 
verse expresses my thought : 

*' They might not need me, yet they might — 
III let my heart be just in sight. 
A deed so small as mine, mi^t be 
Precisely their necessity." 

Beulah G. Kirlin, Alliance Alumnae. 



THE ATTIUDE OF THE ALUMNA 

What should be the attitude of an alumna toward the chap- 
ter she has left, and her active sisters ? Bach commencement 
brings this question before us. And if we stop to think, for just 
a moment, the answer from all will be the same. Of course we 
find many new duties and responsibilities awaiting for us upon 
our graduation from college. But surely all of us can spare 
some time for our ** frat." We think more of it than as a con- 
venience during our college days, to be put aside with them. 

Too many of us are apt to feel that we have done our duty 
and now ought to be allowed to rest on our laurels while the 
active members do all the work. But isn't that rather selfish ? 
The college girls are younger, they have much to learn and we 
can help them in many ways. If they are assured of the sup- 
port of the alumnae, if they can feel that we will come to their 
aid, they will have courage for anything. Without this help 
and support our chapter can't be what we would have it. Let 
us all make new resolutions for this coming college year, girls, 
to help our chapter in every way that we can, and to overlook 
any little differences which may come up, for after all, we all 
desire the advancement of Alpha Xi Delta. 

Elsie K, Waddingham, '07, Nu. 



EDITORIALS 



The present Alpha Xi Dblta is our first midsummer num- 
ber. The sorority has long felt the want of such an issue, and 
we trust that the need will in some degree be met by this num- 
ber. We are happy to present in it to our readers pictures of all 
our active chapters. 

All too often, a fraternity editor is unable to obtain a com- 
plete collection of chapter photographs, and we are not a little 
proud that the response to the request made to our chapters 
for pictures was unanimous. 

ji ji ji 

To our graduates of 1908, we extend heartiest congratula- 
tions and earnest good wishes that the ideals gained in their 
college and fraternity life may never be lost from sight. 

ji ji ji 

We wish to correct a mistake which appears in the May 
" Desmos." Contrary to what is there stated, Alpha Xi Delta 
has founded no chapters at the University of Nebraska. We 
note with pleasure that the editor of Desmos " agrees with us 
in approving the use of the term ** Sorority." 

ji ji ji 

We extend greeting to our prospective sisters at the State 
University of Kentucky. Their excellent petition elicited much 
favorable comment in addition to the more significant favorable 
votes. That these votes were received too late for installation 
to take place during the last college year is a matter of regret, 
but early in the fall Alpha Xi Delta will extend to " Xi " chapter 
a welcome the more hearty for its delay. The No vember Jour- 
nal will bring formal announcement of the founding of the new 
chapter, and additional points of interest about the activities, 
history and surroundings of Psi local, soon to be our baby 
chapter. 



EDITORIALS 213 

It may not be amiss to state that Alpha Xi Delta is the first 
of the members of the Inter-Sorority Conference to grant a 
charter at the State University at Lexington. Because of re- 
cent changes of name, much confusion has arisen relative to 
the "State University of Kentucky " and "Transylvania Col- 
lege/' — the latter of which has long been known as " Kentucky 
University," and is located in the same city as the " State Uni- 
versity." Delta Delta Delta's newly founded chapter in Lex- 
ington is at Transylvania, and not at the State University as 
might be inferred from some accounts that have come under 
our notice. 

ji ji ji 

The convention of Alpha Xi Delta last fall expressed its ap- 
proval of the plan to form a Pan-Hellenic Fraternity Library 
Collection by appointing one of its members to collect and for- 
ward to the New York Public Library, where the collection is 
to be kept, as fall a line as possible of our Sorority publication. 
The representative, so appointed, has obtained a complete file 
of the Alpha Xi Dblta, and is pleased to announce that it has 
been placed in the library at New York. 

ji ji j» 

The lack of information among the active members of our 
chapters was a surprising and deplorable fact revealed by the 
last sorority examination. Without doubt, the younger girls, 
—to whose experience and carlessness the low grades of most 
chapters are in large measure due, — have already been advised 
times almost without number to study the hand book, etc., etc., 
before the next examination. Instead of these somewhat trite 
admonitions, we wish to suggest to the older girls, and to the 
chapter officers especially, a policy which we believe would lend 
interest to the study of the somewhat tedious data required for 
the examination, and would at the same time be conducive to 
better informed sorority women. Our suggestion is that each 
chapter, at the opening of college, outline and plan a study of 
topics related to the sorority,— topics which may or may not 
be required for the examination,— these to be taken up regularly 



214 ALPHA XI DELTA 

in the chapter meetings of the year. Methods of procedure will 
haTe to be derised by each chapter to suit local conditions. 
Perhaps some alumna or responsiye actiYC girl can plan and 
superintend the work, or perhaps a committee will be found 
more efficient. (Whatever plan of snpervison is adopted, abun- 
dant material for study is at hand. Beside the well known au- 
thorities upon historical facts relating to all fraternities, 
the Journal publishes numerous articles which each active 
chapter could study with much profit. For example, Mrs. 
Lieb's excellent discussion of the Inter-Sorority Conference, 
ence, which appeared in our last number, gives all the necessary 
information concerning that important development in the 
Greek world, and famishes the essential facts in a convenient 
form for chapter study. Just what the exact method of study 
is to be, we cannot say. Perhaps your chapter will find it 
easier to be "catechetical,"— having for study a prepared series 
of questions and answers. Whether or not this be your chosen 
method, just as soon as college opens begin a chapter to study 
your own sorority and the larger Greek world of which you are 
apart. 

Perhaps this plan smacks too much of the class room, but 
we believe that more seriousness and more thoughtfiilness and 
effort ought to be put into the regular chapter meetings. It is 
to be feared that far too many chapters, — and not alone those 
of Alpha Xi Delta,— are too informal and altogether too social 
in what ought to be their formal coming together. These meet- 
ings have in them possibilities which most of the members do 
not appreciate. They ought to make for character, intelligence, 
culture and business ability in all our active girls. How can 
they be made to do so ? In many ways. Just at present the 
fraternity question is much alive, and is discussed by publica- 
tions of all sorts. It would open wide the ears of many a girl 
to hear read in chapter meeting a strong article adverse to the 
fraternity system. Txy it in your chapter. It will make your 
girls realize how they are being criticized, and we doubt not in 
many cases it will wake them up to discuss and eliminate the 
objectionable things in the chapter. To cite a concrete example 
of the possibilities of the chapter meeting a chapter of a well- 



EDITORIALS 2lS 

known society obtained for a nominal sum the help of a prom- 
inent dnbwoman in studying Parliamentary Law. She gave a 
short series of lectures on the subject, and conducted a number 
of drills and exercises in Parliamentary procedure. Such a plan 
deserves to be followed by every one of our chapters. 

Alpha Xi Deltas, do make your meetings count for some- 
thing of positive benefit. 

ji j» ji 

We congratulate most heartily those chapters which are in 
any way represented at the summer gatherings of the Young 
Woman's Christian Associations or the Missionary Confer- 
ences. At least one chapter of Alpha Xi Delta delegated and 
paid the expenses of one of its members to such a convention. 
The missionary spirit of the present day is a world wide move- 
ment, and one in which we are proud to have our sisters indi- 
vidually, or collectively interested. 




EXCHANGES 

Exchange Editor, Gertrude E. Wright. 



[Elxchanges are requested to send one copy to each of the following: 
Mrs. S. R. McKean, Newberry, Pa. ; Mrs. J. R. Leib, 1271 West Wash- 
ington street, Springfield, 111.; Gertrude E. Wright, Ogdensburg, N. Y.] 

We gratefully acknowledge the following publications, calling attention 
to a few of the many interesting and instructive articles : 

The Garnet and White, Alpha Chi Rho : 
MarcA^Convention number. 
Ifay— Installation of Phi Theta of Alpha Chi Rho at Cornell. 

Beta Theta Pi: 

Aprit— From an editorial. 

"Inspection, more frequent, more thorough, more efficient and 
better controlled is the watchword of our present administration. 
It costs money and time and plenty of both but both must be spent 
for it. What is the aim of this fraternity ? To form chapters of 
congenial, able, young men. To teach them the value of mutual 
helpfulness but also of self reliance; to develop in them strong char- 
acters. To let them learn the value of team work ; the subordina- 
tion of the selfishness of the individual to the common good. To 
make them honest, square, upright and fraternal. These things do 
not spontaneously develop. Ideals must be taught, traditions must be 
transmitted. Pride of fraternity must be inculcated. Reasons must 
be given for its existence. The experience of one generation in a 
chapter must be utilized for the advancement of the next. The value 
of the fraternity as a whole must be learned and appreciated. In- 
spection, examination, instruction and exhortation are the remedies 
for many undesirable present day conditions. We must even sacrifice 
something else if necessary to secure them. But cost what may we 
must have them." 

June. 

The Shield of Phi Kappa Phi: 
April. 
June— ** The Growth of Syracuse University." 

The new buildings for this year include the Lyman hall of Natu- 
ral History, costing $260,000; the L. C. Smith machinery hall, $160,- 
000; Sims hall or men's dormitory, $160,000; Bowne hall of Chemis- 
try, $160,000; the Library, $160,000; gymnasium, $260,000, and the 
stadium costing over $600,000. 



EXCHANGES 217 

The great stadium, which completes the list of new buildings, 
has been so well described in recent articles that it is hardly neces- 
sary to add any details. Still it is not generally known that our 
splendid stadium when used to its capacity with Uie necessary tem- 
porary seats added will hold 30,000 people, and that its normal capa- 
city of 20,000 is greater than that of the Harvard stadium. The lat- 
ter is the only other structure of its kind on this continent. But the 
Syracuse stadium again surpasses the Harvard in that the former 
has a natural background for two-thirds of its circumference. 
Whereas the harvard stadium is built up square from the ground at 
all points. The Syracuse stadium has cost over $500,000, and is to 
be used for games and meets only, practice by the teams being held 
elsewhere. The stadium and "gym" are connected by a concrete 
subway and all athletes must go through this to get on to the field. 
The stadium will be dedicated next year, probably at the Michigan 
game in November. 

The Mask of Kappa Psi: 
April. 

The Scroll of Phi Delta Theta: 

April— ''la What Ways can Phi Delta Theta make Further Advance- 
ment?" "Kippling to College Men."— (Zxidt€8' Home Journal.) 
June. 

The Lffric of Alpha Chi Omega: 
Apri2— Editorial. 

Let us establish libraries! What kind of libraries? Chapter 
libraries! Think of the pleasure and importance of it! The idea 
once formulated will surprise you in its rapid development. With a 
Lyre file, Baird's Manual, The Sorority Hand Book, your chapter 
books, a chapter scrap book and kodak book (chapter libraries are 
in a privileged class), you already have a nucleus, around which chap- 
ter birthdays, Christmasses, and loving alumnae will soon build a 
library which will inspire pride. 

No matter what books find their way into this collection, we feel 
confident that no two will be more popular than the Chapter History 
and the Kodak book. What help the former will be to the future 
chapters. What enthusiasm it will engender! While the latter will 
hold almost as sacred a place in the hearts of all as the old-fashioned 
family album. It will imbue personality into names which no amount 
of written description can approach; and think of the pleasure "old 
girls" will derive when, on a visit to a chapter, they can pour over 
this album, which with quick transition carries them back to their 
college days, overwhelming them with its rush of memories! How 
simple the task of maintaining these books! A committee appointed 
to keep a memoranda of the chapter life, with its problems and their 
solution, its attainments, its scholarship, its entertainments, attrac- 



313 ALPHA XI DELTA 

tive innovations or special features in the initiation and so on to the 
complete portrayal of chapter life, will find the slight labor involved 
will be a labor of love, and this and the kodak book, which should be 
in charge of all the girls, would, we predict, become the two best 
loved books of the chapter. 

ThB Phi Gamma Delta : 

April— **In the Hall of Fame." An interesting article about Zebulon 

Baird Vance, a soldier-statesman of the South. 
Afdy— The Founders and their Graves, II. 

The Phi Chi Quarterly : 

April— An Account of the 12th Annual Ck)nvention at Baltimore. 

The Arrow of Phi Beta Phi: 
AprU, 

The Delta Chi Quarterly : 
May— Convention number. 

"Is the Austrian Empire about to Crumble?" 

The Delta of Sigma Nu : 

May— Installation of Sigma Nu's 59th living chapter. Delta Gamma, at 
Columbia University, New York City. 

The American College Fraternity — Has it a Larger Field of 
Service ? James Walter Sears. The following is a clipping from this 
helpful article : 

THE GOSPEL OF FRATERNITY. 

The foundation in this country of the first Greek letter societies 
was in response to a natural desire in the college youth for a congenial 
and fraternal fellowship. This was indeed the creative impulse in 
all of them, beginning with Kappa Alpha in 1825 and ending with the 
last foundation, whether it be local, national or professional. These 
organizations were a type of social effort which had always found ex- 
pression in one form or another in the under-graduate life of all col- 
lege communities. That it found utterance in our American colleges 
early in the Nineteenth Century was due largely to the fact that the 
common human longing for companionship was at this time deeply 
informed and inspired by the spirit of the age, which above all else 
set great store by three glorious Gospels— the Gospel of Christ, the 
Gospel of Democracy and the Gospel of Fraternity. It was a glow- 
ing and burning Renaissance of all three, and one of them could not 
be well preached or practiced without the other. At the coiter of 
Democracy was Christ; at the center of Christ was Love, and at 
the center of Humanity was the man, the friend, the companion, 
the comrade, the Lover ! 

The young men who founded the first College Fraternities must 
have felt the power of this new Gospel. I do not mean to say that 



EXCHANGES 219 

they were unmindful of the purely spiritual and educational influences 
which surrounded them. They felt the force of their environment 
with its ideals of culture and moral uprightness and embodied them 
in the faith and doctrines of their brotherhoods. And yet at the 
center of all of them was the vital spirit of fraternal Love— the 
Love of one man for another, the longing in one man's heart for the 
devotion of another. This, I repeat, was the controlling and dom- 
inating thought, motive, impulse and purpose at the foundation of 
these societies. To understand this fact is to find for them not only 
a rational explanation of their origin, but also a sound defense of 
their progress. It is to understand their amazing growth and exten- 
sion. There are to-day not less than thirty-one of national coUeg^te 
rank, besides some sixty-seven others of a special or honorary char- 
acter, with a total of seventeen hundred chapters and more than 
250,000 members. 

The Alpha Phi Quarterly : 
May— The Round Table. 

WHAT THETA DOES FOR HER FRESHMEN. 

At the first of the year Theta tries to put her freshmen in touch 
with the University life as a whole. The Women's League parties 
and the Freshmen spread which are attended by all the college girls 
give them a chance to meet those outside of our own circle. We 
consider it of the utmost importance that our freshmen should not 
confine their interests to the fraternity alone, but should look at col- 
lege life from more than one view-point. 

After initiation each freshman chooses one senior to whom she 
may go for advice. That senior then considers her freshman her 
particular charge, and looks out for her welfare. Until this year the 
seniors have consulted the faculty about the work of the freshmen, but 
since we have adopted lota's idea of a sholarship cup, all reports of 
their work come directly through the dean. This plan of a senior 
advisor for each freshman has proved very successful and we have 
found that although the relation is individual and personal, it rather 
strengthens than detracts from the unity of the whole. 

The Delta Sigma Delta : 
May, 

Kappa Alpha Theta : 

May^*'A Scholarship Rally." This is a practical suggestion. Iota 
Alunmse, instead of having a formal Founders' Day banquet, found 
that they could have just as good a time at an informal meeting and 
save the banquet tax to increase a scholarship fund. This fund is for 
Kappa Alpha Theta Alumnae to be used for European study. Why 
not all be practical and save some useless taxes for scholarship pur- 
poses? 



220 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Themis of Zeta Tau Alpha : 
May. 

The Record of Sigma Alpha E^peUon : 
May. 

The Trident of Delta Delta Delta : 

June— ** From Foreign Lands/' This is a collection of interesting ex- 
periences told by Tri Delta across the sea. 

Desmoe of Delta Sigma Delta : 
May. 

The Crescent of Gamma Phi Beta : 
June. 

The Adelphean of Alpha PMa Phi : 

June. 
The Eleusis of Chi Omsga : 

May. 



ANNOUNCEMENT 

The Grand Council of Kappa Alpha Theta announces the establishment 
of Alpha Lambda Chapter at Washington State University, Sekttle, Wash- 
ington, on Thursday, May 21st, 1908. 

Delta Delta Delta announces the establishment of Alpha Upsilon Chap- 
ter at Colby College, Waterville, Maine, Thursday, May 14th, 1908. 




CHAPTER LETTERS 



ALPHA 

Dear Sisters : 

Alpha sends her best wishes for a happy, restful vacation. 

Miss Mima Hughes was initiated into Alpha chapter on the afternoon of 
April 16, at the chapter room. Afterwards a pleasant little supper was en- 
joyed at Mrs. Dudley's. Mrs. Bertha Cook-Evans was present at the Initi- 
ation. 

April 24th the Alpha g^irls gave their annual reception and dance at the 
Lombard Gymnasium. Only three or four old members were able to be 
present, Alleen Thompson, Frances Richey, and Bessie Williamson. 

Alpha Chapter introduces with pleasure her new patroness, Mrs. Dyke 
Williams of Galesburg, Illinois. 

The annual Love Feast and reunion of Alpha Chapter was held June 3. 
Those responding to roll call were : Alice Bartlett-Bruner, Leila Bailey. 
Maude Bruner, Bertha Cook-Evans, Sarah Cook-Lorton, Josephine Ericson, 
Mabel Hendel, Grace Cook, Maude Hoskinson-Smith, Mabel Irwin, Bertha 
Pittman, Nellie Provoost, Frances Richey, Mabel Sammons, Bessie William- 
son, Alleen Thompson and Marion Wrigley. 

We were delightfully entertained at the home of Miss Williamson and 

enjoyed a good Frat. meeting. Dainty refreshments were served late in the 

afternoon. We hope that next year more of our Alumnae will be able to 

respond to the invitation. 

Mabel Hendel, 

BETA 

My Dear Alpha Sisters: 

We are, of course, glad that school is out and commencement gayeties 
are all over, for we enjoy spending the summer months at our homes. Yet 
we parted with reg^ret, for well we knew that the same chapter girls would 
never be together again. We have had a very happy year and our prospects for 
next year are most encouraging. We sincerely hope that our sister chap- 
ters will be as fortunate in having as large a number of old girls in their 
chapters next Fall. 

Beta chapter was glad to welcome the many sisters who returned for the 
commencement season. A " morning banquet " was g^ven in their honor 
down the notorious "K" line. A several course menu was served and a 
most enjoyable time had. About forty Alphas were present. 

The '06 Class gave "The Rivals " for their Class Day exercises. It was 
presented in a very commendable manner and we were justly proud of 



222 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Mildred Brady who took the part of Lydia Lanqaish, and of Helen Coe wbxi 
most aptly portrayed the character of Mrs. Mali^rop. 

The Beta Theta Pi's most delig^htfuUy entertained their lady friends at 
an outing party on the Mississippi during oommoicement. Twelve Alpha 
girls were present and a fine time is reported. 

Mrs. Galer, one of our patronesses, entertained the chapter and g^entle- 
men friends at an informal party recently. 

Dr. Schell of La Porte, Ind., has been elected president of Iowa Wes- 
leyan to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Dr. John W. Hancher. 
Dr. Schell is a strong man in every way and Wesl^an has been very for- 
tunate in securing him. He was present during commencement and gave an 
excellent chapel talk at the last chapel exercises. 

A new literary club called the "The Scribblers " has been organized by 
the English department of Wesleyan. It is based on literary ability and 
general scholarship and has promoted a great deal of interest. Five of the 
Alpha girls are charter members. It's membership is limited to twenty. 

Beta Chapter wishes to thank Theta Chapter throui^ the pages of the 
journal for her kind invitation to attend the camping party. We are sure 
that every minute of the time would have been very enjoyable and we 
deeply regrret that it was impossible for any of us to attend. However, we 
greatly appreciate the sisterly spirit shown in the formatioD of such a plaa 
and know that the chapter sisters who attended will have glowing aceoonti 
to give of the hospitality of Theta. 

Beta Chapter sends best wishes for a happy summer time. 

Yours in Alpha Xi Delta, 

MaJM L. DwMom^ Cor.-See, 



GAMMA 
Dear Staters: 

It is with a shade of sadness that this letter is written, for our school 
year has closed and with it have gone four of Gamma's best girls : Lucille 
Strong, our only Senior this year, who has guided and helped us in so many 
ways, Nancy Copeland and Wilda Matthias, who graduated from the Normal 
department and who expect to teach next year, and Ruby Robins, who will 
also teach. 

On Saturday evening, May 30th, the girls gave their Spring term palty 
at the home of Marie Riker. The porch and lawn were beautifully decor^ 
ated with Alpha Xi Delta colors and Japanese lanterns and presented a fine 
appearance. One of the features of the evening was a mock wedding in 
which all took part and which was made very amusing by the cleverness of 
the young minister who officiated, in reading the wedding ceremony. 

On Monday, June 8th, all of the active g^irls and several of the alumnae 
spent the evening with Mary and Olive Bracher. Several of the girls took 
their song books, and a part of the evening was spent m learning some of 
the new songs. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 223 

Toaiday, June 161ii, CSamma celebrated reanion day at the chapter house. 
I large number of the old girls were back, about fifty being present. After 
linner, letters were read from the girls who were unable to be present, and 
iay Salmon Myers announced the engagement of Blanche Wadsworth to 
Irtiiur Morris and that of Laura Atkins to Sumner Oesch. Pink roses were 
veeived from the fraternities. In the afternoon, pictures were taken of the 

I^ItNip. 

Gamma sends greetings to her sister dusters and wishes for each mem- 
Mr a happy and delightful vacation. 

Olive Braeher. 



DELTA 

Dear Sisters: 

September of 1907 saw eight old girls back ready and eager to work for 
>elta of Alpha Xi Delta. But there were obstacles. In the first place, all but 
^o of us were one year girls— just taken in the year before— and we felt very 
nreak and helpless. Sorority business loomed large and formidable before 
i8y and we did not know where or how to begin. And then there was a 
iraiiderful scarcity of eligible fpx)B, We had one pledged from the preced- 
Og year, and presently had the good fortune to secure three new pledges. 
>ar friouls of the Delta Tau Alpha Sorority were worse off than we were. 
VtkB^ had but two oM girls back, and for a long time, until after the holidays 
n fact, it looked as if their chapter must die. Their weakened condition 
X)ok away the excitement and stimulus usually attendant upon the rush- 
ng season, and the work of Alpha Xi Delta moved slowly. In the spring 
term we acquired two new members, which swelled our ranks to fourteen. 

Duxing the year we are allowed two social affairs, an informal and a 
banquet. The informal this year was an open house through the afternoon 
H Washington's Birthday, and a coUege spread for our particular friends in 
the evening. The banquet occurred Tuesday, June 9th. A number of the 
fthnnnse were back, and the affair went very well. We lost only one g^l in 
liie outgoing class, Catherine Fetty. She was graduated with honors, being 
ehoaen one of the eight Commencement Day speakers. 

Next year we hope to make a banner year for Alpha Xi Delta. The 
officers have b^^an to realize the importance of the Sorority, and we expect 
to revive the old-time spirit of our founders. 

Wishing you all the pleasantest of vacations, I am, sincerely yours in 
AJ^Xi Delta. 

Samh Anna Smith. 



EPSILON 

Dear Sisters: 

The breaking up at the end of the school year b^^an early for the Epsi- 
km girls, when Helen Hill left May 31st to begin claim life near Philip, S. D. 
The aii^t before her departure the Epsilon girls gave a party for Miss Hill 
tithe hone of liucile C^merer. Dainty refreshments were served and be- 



224 ALPHA XI DELTA 

fore the girls separated, Margaret Miller, in behalf of the girls, presented 
Miss Hill with two pennants, one a U. S. D., and the other an Alpha Xi 
Delto. 

Commencement took away three seniors, Lilla and Helen Tarfoell, and 
Margaret Miller; one post graduate student, Grace Sanborn, and Bertha 
Small, who expects to attend the University of North Dakota next year. 

Epsilon announces, by special permission of the Grand President, the 
pledging of Miss Ethel Sanborn, who took her M. A. degree at U. S. D. 
last June. Miss Sanborn will be initiated at Lake Kampeska, this sunmier, 
where a crowd of Alpha g^irls are planning to camp. 

On Wednesday, May 27th, Miss Frances Marquis, an Alpha Xi Delta 
pledge, rendered Percy MacKay's classical play, "Jeanne D'Arc.^' Miss 
Marquis entered heartily into the personality of each character, and being 
easy and self-possessed in appearance made a charming picture while she 
waa rendering the play. 

At the home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Richardson, on 
Tuesday, April 21st, occurred the marriage of their daughter Ethel to Mr. 
Elmer Stillwell of Los Angeles, Gal. At the appointed hour, 8 A. m. to the 
strains of Mendelssohn's wedding march, the bride and groom, preceded by 
Rev. C. F. Thoms and the little ring bearer, ascended the broad staircase 
and marched to the bay window in the north parlor, where the beautiful and 
impressive ceremony was performed. Congratulations followed, after which 
a delicious wedding breakfast was served by six of the Alpha Xi Delta girls. 
Mrs. Stillwell is a graduate of the U. S. D. and a charter member of Epsi- 
lon Chapter of Alpha Xi Delta Sorority. Mr. Stillwell is also an alumnus 
of U. S. D. and a charter member of the Beta Gamma Society. Two very 
enjoyable showers were given by the Epsilon girls in honor of Miss Rich- 
ardson. The first of these showers was given by Mrs. Oliver E. Sweet at 
the home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Grange, on April 1st, and the second 
on April 9th, at the home of the Misses Margaret and Helen Miller. 

Miss Helen Frazee '09 was awarded the gold medal, annually presented 
by the Dean to the music student whose proficiency and consistency in per- 
formance averages the highest for the year. The medal is a musical de- 
sign^, and beautifully inscribed with the name of the recipient. Miss Deborah 
Slocum, '09, won the medal, last year, and Epsilon is indeed proud of the 
"Musical" Alpha Xi Deltas. 

Mrs. Allen B. McDaniel and Mrs. Lewis E. Akeley, two of Elpsilon's 
patronesses, entertained the girls most delightfully at a lawn party at the 
home of Mrs. Akeley on June 8th. The hours slipped by, only too soon, 
pleasantly spent, as they were in conversation and with fancy work. At 
the close of the afternoon's fun dainty refreshments were served and the 
girls left voting Mrs. McDaniel and Mrs. Akeley royal hostesses and ideal 
patronesses. 

On the evening of June 8th, Mabelle Eastman was initiated into the 
mysteries of Alpha Xi Delta at the home of the Misses Lois and Mary Nich- 



CHAPTER LETTERS 225 

>]8. Oar res^alar initiation spread followed at which several of the alumnae 
riris were present. 

Mrs. George W. Grange, one of the ESpsilon's patronesses entertained all 
Jie chapter girls for the alumnae members, at breakfast on June 10th. A 
mmptious four-course repast was served and a glad re-union enjoyed by all 
liOBe present. At the close of the morning's fun, Helen Tarbell presented 
Bertha Small with a beautiful U. S. D. pennant, in behalf of E2psilon Chapter, 
irs. Grange entertains the Alpha Xi Deltas each year, just before the Uni- 
reaatj closes, and her alumnae breakfast is the brightest spot in Commence- 
nent Week for the Epsilon girls. 

Mary Nichols. 

ZKTA 

Dear Sisters : 

This year Wittenberg celebrated her 58th Commencement. 

Sunday evening the Baccalaureate address was delivered at the First 
[iutheran Church by Rev. F. G. Gotwald, D. D., of Pittsburg, Pa. 

Monday evening the Academy Commencement was held in the college 
sfaapeL Tuesday, on the campus, the Ivy oration, burning of minutes and 
last council were held. This was followed by the Commencement of the 
Conservatory of Music in the chapeL 

On Wednesday morning at 9 a. m., were held the class day exercises on 
die campus. Wednesday afternoon at 3 o'clock was held the dedication of 
the Gumegie Science Hall. The address being delivered by Dr. E. F. Smith, 
^Tice-Provost of the University of Pennsylvania. From 8 to 10 Wednesday 
Bvening President Heckert and his wife held a reception at Femcliff Hall for 
Eaeohy, students, and friends of the college. 

Thursday morning at 9, the regular Commencement exercises took place 
m the campus, after which the diplomas were presented. At 12.00 the 
thmmaa dinner was given in the college gymnasium. 

Wednesday afternoon of Commencement Week our patroness, Mrs. John 
L Smmerman, delightfully entertained at the Country Club our active 
diapter and alumnae and the members of B e N fraternity, of which her son 
is a member. After dinner the evening was spent in dancing and singing 
mtxrity and fraternity songs. 

Thursday we entertained in honor of our patronesses and alumnae girls 
with a six o'clock dinner at the Arcade Hotel. 

Hazel Wright, Zeta. 

ETA 
Dear Alpha Sisters : 

Although we are very much scattered yet we feel closely bound together 
by the strong ties of friendship. The days of farewell are the hardiest. 
Eta sends four graduates out into the world yet they will help and encourage 
OS wherever they are. 

Commencement at Syracuse, this June, was very impressive and unique. 



226 ALPHA XI DELTA 

AU die exerdees were held in our new Stadhim. A tmqwrary platfonn, 
with a canvass covering, was erected in front of the grandstand for the 
faculty and speakers. This was necessary because there was no building on 
the campus of adequate size. The plan proved so successful that it will no 
doubt become a permanent custom. 

The Baccalaureate sermon was delivered by Bishop W. F. Oldham of 
India. He gave a very fine talk and left many good thoughts with those who 
heard him. 

Hamilton Wright Mabie of New York, gave the address on Commence- 
ment Day. 

At all the exercises, the class made an imposing appearance as they 
came in by the low gn^und entrance to the Stadium and marched around the 
track. The numbers were greater this year than ever before, reaching four 
hundred and fifty. 

Alpha Xi Delta's four graduates wore Belle Ghadboome, Eva Elliott, 
Elaine Putnam and Margaret Hoard. The chapter is proud that two of 
them,— Misses Putnam and Elliott,-- received honors. 

Our chapter will be represented at the Y. W. C. A. Conference at Silver 
Bay, on Lake George. Helen Chase, '09, was chosen as our delegate. 

Since our last letter we have initiated, and are proud to introduce to 
you, a new sister, Anna Roth, '09. 

Just now Syracuse is rejoicing over the recent victories of her erews at 
Poughkeepde. Syracuse won first place in the four-oared race, second in 
the freshman race, and then,— over Columbia, Cornell, Pennsylvania and 
Wisconsin,— won first place in the 'Varsity eight-oared raee. We are look- 
ing forward to a grreat celebration in honor of the crews when college open 

in the fall. 

MoTffarei HoatxL 



THETA 

Dear Alpha Xi Delta Sisters : 

Another school year is over and most of the girls have gene home. 
Theta Chapter has had a glorious and prosperous year. 

This year ended our interscholastic rushing privileges, and Theta was de- 
termined to make the most possible of the last opportunity. The regular 
date for the interscholastic meet this year was June 6th, and the fraternities 
rushed at that time. The sororities, however, considered that date too close 
to examinations, so decided to rush from May 29 to 31, inclusive. We com- 
menced our rushing at this time with a fudge party at the lodge on Friday 
evening. We had about eight guests, besides some of our ahmrnsB memberB 
who were present. Saturday morning we had a driving party, in order to 
show our rushees the beauties of our alma mater and Bftadison. As usual it 
tried to rain, as it always does on May 80th, but we braved the weather and 
went launching in the afternoon. Although it rained for a short time, the 
lake remained quiet and the cabin kept us dry. We came home about five 



CHAPTER LETTERS 227 

o'clock to dress for dinner and rest for a time Then in the evening we had 
a dancing party at the lodge, and of coarse closed our rushing with the 
▼araity toast and the Alpha Xi Delta yelL 

We Pledged Sophia Marquardt, of LaCrosse; Levra Vail, of Benton; and 
Agnes Davis, of Madison ; and since then we have pledged Molly Wright, 
aboof Madison. 

A great many of our girls, both undergraduates and alumnsB, were in 
Madison for Conmiencement. 

James Bryce, the noted English historian and diplomat, delivered the 
Baccalaureate address in the University Armory. 

Monday was Class Day and was taken up in the morning by the Ivy 
exercises, and in the afternoon by the reg^ular Class Day exercises. 

Monday evening the Seniors presented " The Mikado," and it was con- 
tkiered the best student production given in many years. Louise Ebrb sang 
Katiahft's part and performed it splendidly. There were about sixty in the 
chorus. 

After the play every one went to the lower campus to watch the pipe of 
peace ceremony. 

Tuesday was Alumni Day as we were blissfully lazy. 

Wednesday was Commencement Day and three of our girls received 
dqikHnas— Louise E«rb, of Appleton ; Winefrid Ryan, of Wausaw ; and Flor- 
ence Ann Simon, of LaCrosse. In the evening tiie alumnae entertained at a 
concert and ball. The music was furnished by Bach's orchestra from Mil- 
waukee. 

Thursday we went into camp across Lake Monona and spent a happy 
week. Our only r^^t was that more of our sisters from other chapters 
were unable to be present. Miss Alice Brenne of Epsilon Chapter was our 
only guest from other chapters. Of our alumnse, Nellie Angell, '07, Geoigie 
Chave, '07, Elizabeth Erb, '07, Ruth Ekem, '07, Bess Adams, '06, AUna 
Runge, '06, liarion Ryan, '06, Lula Runge, '06, Gusta Lorch, '06, Charlotte 
Stough, ex-'09, Ruth Strong, ex- '09, Polly Fenton, '06, Theo Fenton, ex-'09, 
Jessie Mabbitt, ex-'06, and Gretta Flower, ex-'09, were in camp with us. 
Tlie active members and others in camp were E2dith Schuster, '11, Florence 
Simon, '06, Louise Erb, '08, Molly Wright, '11, (pledge), Mrs. Cooke, our 
chaperone, Ida Fenton, '09, and Frances Albers, '09. 

MiB. M. Simon of LaCrosse, who has been at the Lodge during Com- 

B wp c e me nt, camped with us for three days. 

Frances Albers. 

IOTA 

D$ar Sisters : 

Iota celebrated Founders' Day in an informal way this year. The girls 
met at Ciystal Courtney's on North Front street. After a pleasant hour 
vpeat in singing and chatting they adjourned to the long table in the dining- 
room. Here a generous "spread" was served, after which an historical 
aoeoont of Alpha Chapter was read by Drusilla Johnson-Quick and the g^rls 
diacuflsed the early days of the sorority. 



228 ALPHA XI DELTA 

The chapter is proud of its new "pledsre," Bin. Leonard's little son, 
who was bom on April 30, and is a worthy Alpha Xi Delta boy. The girls 
sent him a little note of welcome and later presented him with a gold locket 
suitably engraved. 

Lillian Smith entertained her sorority sisters, several Commencement 
visitors, and a number of young men at a lawn party June 17. Croquet, 
tennis, and other out-door games under the Japanese lanterns on the lawn 
made the evening a very pleasant one. 

Mrs. Helen Smith entertained the chapter informally at her home in 
South Park recently. 

Several of the girls made a flying visit to Bessie Sadler at Point Marion, 
Pa., during Commencement week. 

lota's first annual banquet was held Monday evening, June 15. Some 
time before Conunencement the Iota alumnae received cards bearing a pen- 
and-ink sketch of a "sweet girl graduate " and the following invitation : 

FIRST ANNUAL BANQUET 

iota chaptbr 

Alpha Xi Delta 

June 15, 1908 

The banquet was held at the home of Mrs. P. C. Atkeson, one of the 
patronesses. The decorations were in pink and white and sorority colors. 

An effective lattice-work of pink crepe paper draped the doors in the big 
dining room. A huge latticed screen bore trailing vines of pink paper roses 
and the walls were hung with the chapter's collection of pennants. Wreaths 
of pink roses festooned the chandelier and extended to each comer of the 
long table, in the center of which was a large bowl of roses. 

The table was lighted by candelabra with pink candles in pink rose cups. 
Long bands of Alpha Xi Delta ribbon decorated the white cloth. The place 
cards were done in water color with a conventional pink rose design and tied 
with ribbons in double blue and gold. 

After the sumptuous " spread " had been disposed of, the toast program 
was taken up, as follows: 

Alpha Xi Delta Band Wagon 

Leader Mary Hannah Cooper 

Cornet—" Hail the Conquering Hero," (Seniors) Crystal Courtney 

Clarionet— "Old Lang Syne," (Alunmse) Mabel Weaver 

Bazoo— "The Guardian Angels," (Patronesses) Lillian Smith 

Rattle Box— "Billy Wiggin," (Alpha Xi Delta baby) Ethel Green 

French Horn— "Who is Sylvia?" (Iota girls) Mrs. C. E. Hogo 

French Harp— "In Days of Yore," (The past) Bessie Sadleb 

Grind Organ— "Dreaming," (The future) Mrs. P. C. Atkeson 

Bass Drum— "Alpha Xi Delta March" Helen Smith 

Tuba— "School Days,' Mary Chadwigk 

Tin Whistle—' ' Arkansas Traveller, ' ' (Vacation) Mary Atkeson 



CHAPTER LETTERS 229 

The favors, ribbon-tied toy instruments, were used for the music, and 
the leader waved a pink, rose-tipped baton in the most approved manner. 
At the bes^inning of the prQgn:am and at intervals between the toasts a "full 
band " selection was given, which was much enjoyed and required the ut- 
most efforts of the leader to bring it to a finish. 

E2ach girl on the program rendered a more or less appropriate solo on a 
more or less appropriate instrument before b^^inning her toast. Needless 
to say the toast program was a hilarious affair, and effectually banished all 
sad Uioughts of the annual parting. 

Mary Meek Atkeson. 

KAPPA 

Dear Sisters : 

Kappa sends her apologies for last quarter's neglect. Miss Abbott, our 
journal reporter, has been very ill for some time. 

Nearly the whole chapter stayed at school for commencement. Miss Shan- 
non, Miss Gentsch, Miss Thomas and Miss Spencer gpraduated the tenth of 
June. On the afternoon of the same day girls all attended the wedding of 
Miss Thomas to C. H. Mangold. The father of the bride entertained the 
sorority at the Beardsley for dinner after the wedding. 

Kappa will be located in a new home next year and we are all "crazy " 
to get back and settled. We expect to have fifteen girls to begin the year. 

Miss Willa Gentsch, an '07 Kappa girl, was elected to Phi Beta Kappa 
this year. 

Miss Campbell will be assistant superintendent at Villa Grove next year. 
Grace Spencer will be in the Chicago School of Pharmacy. 

Kappa wishes all of her Alpha Xi Delta sisters a pleasant and happy 

vacation. 

Kappa Chapter of Alpha Xi Delta. 



LAMBDA 

Dear Sisters in Alpha Xi Delta : 

Lambda sends her kindest wishes to each and every one of you. 

On May 16th Lambda held her big dance of the year in Goddard gymna- 
num. Trophy Hall never appeared in a more gala attire. Strips of pink 
er^ paper and evergreen prettily interwoven covered the walls. One fea- 
ture more was the moon dance. All the lights were turned out, while at one 
«Dd of the hall, a smiling crescent and seven twinkling stars appeared mys- 
terioosly through the evergreen. The daintily tinted gowns gliding around 
in the moonlight to the rhythm of soft music, make one feel as if the room 
w^xe suddenly changed into fairy land. Our three patronesses— Mrs. McCoy, 
Mrs. Maulsby and Mrs. Dennison acted as matrons. We were glad to have 
with us Miss Tobin, a sister from Syracuse. The dance orders were of light 
bfaie lambskin, with the Alpha Xi Delta seal in gold, tied with dark blue 
ecnds. 



230 ALPHA XI DELTA 

The All Around Club gave a garden party on the roof of Metcalf Hall, 
the larger of the girls' dormitories. It was planned by Miss Myrtle KiUpat- 
rick. By the light of Japanese lanterns, we listened to graphaphone, patron- 
ized a punch table, candy booth, grab-bag and fortune teller. 

The All Around Chib reception to the Seniors was as usual an ^oyable 
affair. After the reception, a dance was held. 

Instead of holding our last three meetings at the "frat-rooms," we met 
at the homes of Beatryce McFarland, Audrey DufF^, and Annie McCoy. 
We had a merry time and were treated to dainty spreads. 

We held an initiation of two of our alumnse at the delightful home of 
Mrs. Mansfield, in Wakefield. The initiates were Mrs. Bertha Comstock- 
Toy, of California, and Mrs. Richardson, of Somerville, Mass. 

We are delighted to introduce Miss Myrtle Mevis KiUpatrick, '09, our 
new sister. She is a member that the Alpha Xi's may well be pitiad of. 

This year the All Around Club elected Ethel Aiken, '09, as president, 
and Myrtle Killpatrick as chairman of the social committee. 

This year Tufts was presented with a new bdl by the class of '96. It 
was dedicated on June 11th, and the very unusual and i mp r o ss i Te service 
will never be forgotten by those who attended. 

After "exams," came Class-Day. In the morning exercises were held 
in the chapeL The Class Ode was sung, the words of wiiich were written 
by Amy Viola Richards, and the music by Miriam Stanly Carltcm. The ode 
was very well written, and the music was original, and possessed pleasing 
qualities. In the afternoon the tree-exercises were followed by a baU game 
betweoi Louisiana and Tufts. The latter won of course ! Then the fra- 
ternities and sororities held their spreads. We were fortunate in being able 
to hold ours in Metcalf Hall, which was prettily decorated wi^ pink roses 
and crdpe paper. 

In the evening the campus was lighted with myriads of Japanese lan- 
terns, which with the gay bunting, and nature's own inevitable splendor 
made our campus the "one spot on earth" for that wonderful evening. 
Several selections were given by the Tufts Glee Club, and there was a dance 
in the "Gym" during the evening. 

This year five of our girls received the degree of A. B.— -Amy V. Rich- 
ards, Ethel L. Fuller, Emily M. Cate, Miriam S. Carleton, and Beatryce 
McFarland. Miss Richards received honorable mention in English and re- 
ceived her degree "cum laude. " This was the only "cum laude " bestowed 
on the women graduates. Miss Ethel L. Fuller rseeived the '06 scholarsh^, 
awarded for the best general work and the widest course of study. 

President Hamilton held a reception at his house for the Seniors. 
"Proxy" also addressed them in a splendid baccalaureate sermon. 

The Senior Dance was the same good-bye party, where merriment 
tinged with the pathos of "the last" makes it the dance of dances to the 
Senior. 

This year, as usual, we had our annual house party at Rockport. This 



CHAPTER LETTERS 231 

ki a glorious spot, justfull of pretty nooks, where nmtore does not hide her 
face behind tall buildings and factories. 

We wish all the Alpha Xi's a most pleasant vacation. 

EMe May Chandler, 



MU 

Dtar Sisiera : 

Gommeneement at Minnesota is over, and eight Mu girls are, as our 
ComnMncement orator said, about to enter the school of hard knocks, where 
truth and honesty are the teachers. The Commencement procession, con- 
sisting of the faculty and the five hundred and thirty graduates, was led by 
Worn Schaetsel and Mary Shiely. 

Mu girls took an active part in all the affairs of the week. The Senior 
play which was an impossibility in three acts, called the "Thinkulodeon," 
had four Alpha girls in its cast, — Fannie Grudinier, Alice Melony, Mina 
Schaetzel and Bfary Shiely. 

Late Pledge Day has hardly proved a succe^ this year. Almost every- 
one is disappointed with the results. Believing that the late Pledge Day 
deserves another trial, however. Kappa Kappa Gamma, Alpha Phi, Delta 
Gamma, €ramma Phi Beta, and Alpha Xi Delta, will try it another year. 
Fledge Day will be in April, and there will be no rules, understanding that 
there be no rushing whatever. Kappa Alpha Theta, Tri Delta and Pi Beta 
Phi did not enter into this compact and will again try the early Pledge Day. 

Alpha Xi Delta was very fortunate in securing the freshmen she did, 
and Mu takes great pleasure in introducing to all the other chapters Leila 
McDermott, Mattie Olson, Ruth McNamee, Nellie Cadwell and Blanche 
Grand Maitre. These are all splendid girls and are a great addition in Mu. 

A^iha Gamma Delta has granted a charter to a group of petitioners at 
Minnesota. 

Founders' Day was celebrated by a formal banquet at Doaakkon's Tea 
ReoiBs. Mary Shiely acted as toastmistress and Lucy White, Georgie Belle 
Swell, Iris Wood (Kappa) and Mrs. Wood (Lambda) responded with appro- 
priate toasts. 

S<»ne of the dkier Mu girls returned for Commencement and a most en- 
joyable picnic of active and alumnae members was held June 6th, at White 
Bear lake. 

Mu hopes that all the chapters will have as pleasant a summer as she 
eqiieets to have. 

NU 

Dear SiBters: 

Nu Chapter has finished her first year of active life in Alpha Xi Delta, 
the girls have parted and gone their several ways to spend a pleasant sum- 
mer and return in the Fall with new inspiration and ideas for the work next 
year. We have bright hopes for the future and are eagerly looking forward 
to next year as the happiest and most profitable year of our college life. 



232 ALPHA XI DELTA 

University life has been rather strenuous for the past months and we are 
glad of an opportunity for rest. 

On the sLftemoon of April 29 we entertained with a card party in honor 
of our patronesses at the Chapter House. All our patronesses, who were in 
the city at tne time, were present and we hope spent a very pleasant after- 
noon. 

The annual musical festivity of the University for this past year was the 
production of Guonod's "Faust " on May 10th. Five of our girls assisted 
in the chorus; May Chambers, Lillian E»ary, Dorothy Mason, Olive Mueller 
and Netta Kiddle. 

Nu Chapter feels that she has done more than her duty in some lines. 
The most important of these is in getting her girls engaged or married. 
Lillian Esaiy surprised us a few weeks ago by announcing her engagement 
to Mr. Thomas Askren. Rosalia McNamara is to be married at her home in 
North Yakima on the 90th of June to Mr. John Lynch, and the wedding of 
Frances Sanborn to Mr. Richard Urlson will take place some time in Au- 
gust. 

The presidency and vice-presidency of Pan-Hellenic falls to Alpha Xi 
Delta for the coming year. Mary A. Smith and Lila Parker, both '09, have 
been chosen to these respective offices. 

It is the custom of the faculty of the University to choose each year 
those members of the Junior class who stand highest in scholarship to be 
what is called " Senior Scholars " during their last year in school. This en- 
titles them to the privilege of non-attendance in the class room to enable 
them to do extra work and obtain the Master's Degree at the same time as 
their A. B. One of our girls, Adelaide Fischer, '09, has been elected a 
Senior scholar for the coming year. 

On June 3 we initiated Dorothy Drake, '11, and Clarice Van Loon, '10, 
into Alpha Xi Delta. They are both lovely girls, and we are sure will be 
splendid workers next year. 

As a last informal time together before parting for the summer, E2thel 
liStham entertained all the Alpha Xi Delta girls at her home, Alki Point, 
with a picnic June 6th. Everyone proclaimed it the best ever. 

Alice Murchison, '09, entcortained more formally for the "House girls" 
and their friends at her home in the city on the afternoon of Commencement 
Day, June 17th. 

We had five graduates from the University this year: Mae McLachlan, 
who graduated with honors. May Chambers, Myrtle Parr, Mary Kay and 
Frances Sanborn. We are certainly sorry to have these girls join the ranks 
of the "has beens," but we feel sure that their associations with Alpha Xi 
Delta have been such that they will benefit them throughout their lives. 

As a last social event of the year at the chapter house we thought it 
best to have a " Mothers' Party " at which the mothers of all the town girls 
and many of the out-of-town girls as well were present. We were indeed 
glad that Bfrs. Kay, Mary Kay's mother, from Alliance, Ohio, could be 



CHAPTER LBTTBRS 233 

present with us at that time. We found this a very good way to get all the 

mothers of the sorority acquainted. 

Nu sends greetings to all her Alpha sisters and wishes them a very happy 

summer. 

Lela K. Parker, '09, 



ALLIANCE ALUMN/E 



Bfary Bracher has returned from a very pleasant trip to Boston and 
Cambridge. Mass. 

Bom to Mr. and Mrs. Percy S. Bottomley (Genevieve Ruth) a son, Alfred 
Rufus, on June 4. 

Katherine Keith is visiting friends in New York city. 

Alliance Alumnae's first double wedding will occur August 20, when 
Anna L. Jones, '06, and Lawrence E. Yaggie, Z A B, and Elsie Jones, '06, 
and Carl Stooksberry, Z A E, will be married at the home of their uncle, 
Mr. W. W. Webb. 

Mary E. Kay has returned to her home after a year at the University of 
Washington at Seattle. She and her mother visited a number of western 
points enroute. 

Mabel Bracher, Zeta, '06, has been visiting her cousins, Mary and Olive 
Bracher. 

Eloise Patton-McKnight and little son visited her parents during Com- 
mencement week at Mt. Union College. 

Laura Atkins, ex-'06, was married to Sumner L. Oesch, Z N, June 25. 

Beulah Kirlin is enjoying an extensive trip up the lakes. 

Mabel Taylor-Campbell, '01, of Salt Lake City, Utah, expects to spend 
several weeks in August visiting in Alliance. The girls will be very glad to 
welcome her again. 

Alliance Ahimnse extends sincerest sympathy to Alice and Helen Hinshil- 
wood whose mother, Mrs. T. J. Hinshilwood, died in April. 

Gay Melbourne has been visiting friends in Pittsburg. 

Etta Bates acted as bridesmaid at the wedding of a school friend in 
Scianton, Pa., in June. She also visited friends in Arlington, N. J., and 
Pittsburg, Pa., before returning home. 

Mabel Hartzell has been visiting in Cincinnati for some time. 

Blanche Wadsworth attended Western Reserve Law School Commence- 
ment. 

Effie AUott attended a wedding at Pittsburg, Fa., and later went with 
a camping party to Turkeyfoot lake. 

Mary Scott-McCoy has returned from Cleveland where she was attend- 
ing her mother, who underwent an operation. 

Mary Taylor. 



234 ALPHA XI DELTA 

BOSTON ALUMN/E 

Dear Alpha Xi Delta Sisters : 

By the time this letter reaches you college will be closed, and all of you 
will be enjoying your summer vacation. Boston Alumnae wishes each sister 
a very pleasant one. 

We celebrated Founders' Day by a card party at the home of Laila Nye, 
'06, in Somerville. Lambda joined with us. It was a true celebration, for 
everyone seemed to be in her merriest mood. 

In May we met with Daisy Bartlett. At this meeting we had the pleas- 
ure of welcoming back to the east Bertha Comstock-Toy, ex- '06. Five years 
ago, at the end of her college year, she married Mr. Harvey Toy, A T 0, 
Tofts, '06, and left us to live in San Francisco. Every year since then we 
have been eagerly looking forward to her return, but that pleasure was 
denied us till now. She is our same jolly Bertha, and it did seem so good 
to see her once more. She brought her dear, little, two-yearK>ld daughter 
Eilizabeth to be introduced to us. She very quickly won all our hearts. 

On June 6th, in Wakefiekl, at the home of Grace Carleton-Mansfiekl, '98, 
Bertha was initiated into Alpha Xi Delta. Helen Burkett-Richardson, '98, 
was initiated with her. BerUia will be here in the east until August, then 
■he returns to San Francisco. We all hope it will not be so long again before 
she visits once more. 

June 18th, the day after Tufts' Class Day, we had our annual meeting 
at Persis Hannah's home in Medford. Lambda met with us. Officers for 
the coming year were elected and the mite boxes were opened. We were 
pleased to welcome into Boston Alumnae five Lambda sisters,— Ethel Fuller, 
Amy Richards, Emily Gate, Miriam Carleton and Beatrice McFarland. Re- 
freshments were sorved on the lawn, and we had a very enjoyable afternoon. 

Boston Alumnae has a June bride this year. June 27th, in Adams, Mass., 
Bets^ Barker Harmon, '04, was married to Mr. George Lowe, A T O, Tufts, 
'04. The wedding was private. Miss Ruth Tenney, a classmate, was a guest. 
Betsey will live in Somerville, very near the dear old Hill. We have missed 
her during this past year while she has been at home in Adams, and shall be 
glad to have again the active support she has always given us. 

We do not meet during the sunmier months, but in Sept^nber we shall 

begin our monthly meetings again. 

Laila Campbell Nye, 



PERSONALS 



ALPHA 

■ 

Miss Marion Wrigley and Miss Mabel Sammons spent commencement 
week at Lombard. 

Miss Frances Richey, who has been teaching in the Cambridge High 
school, has accepted a position at Waterman hall. Sycamore, Illinois. 

Miss Florence Kober sailed for Grermany June 6. She will return in the 
fall to resume her duties in the Table Grove High school. 

The wedding of Miss Florence Hollister to Mr. Earl Colby took place 
June 9. The young couple will reside at 780 North Church street, Rockf oxd, 
niinois. 

Miss Margaret Barrett of Buda, lUinois, was the guest of Alpha chap- 
ter during commencement week. 

Miss Florence Imes is attending the State Normal school at Macomb this 
summer. 

Miss Carrie Stickney of Cambridge, Mass., writes that she expects to 
sail with a party of friends for Europe the latter part of June. 



BETA 

Ruth Anderson has accepted a position as science teacher in the Moulton 
High school for next year. 

Elva Potts, who has been teaching this year, will enter Wesleyan again 
next September. 

Helen Coe, '08, will teach in Muscatine next year. 

Louise Singer-Maiken, '03, of Spokane, Wash., was a commencement 
visitor at Wesleyan. 

Luella Hightshoe, '06, who has been principal of the High school at 
Sturgis, S. Dak., has returned to Mt. Pleasant for her summer vacation. 

Geneva Smith, '06, and Myrtle Lauer, '07, were here for conmiencement 
in June. 

Invitations are out for the marriage of Nell Downer to Mr. Bruce Miner, 
on June 25 at her home in Muscatine, la. Mr. Miner is general superintend- 
ent of the Y. M. C. A. work in Parama at which place they will make their 
home. Helen Coe will be bridesmaid and several other girls from Beta 
Chapter will attend the wedding. 

Our President, Amy Cheney, has been forced on account of ill health to 
give up her school duties for the past two months and to return to her home 
in Keoeauqua. The chapter girls are glad, indeed, that she will be able to 
return to Wesleyan next Fall. 

Louise Brady was chosen by the Junior class to receive the Senior 
mantel at the Class Day exercises during commencement. 

Mabel Duncan has recently been elected secretary of the Scribblers, a 
new literary club organised at Wesleyan. 

Alice Babb, who has been attending Northwestern for the past year, vis- 
iting her friends. May Johnson and Mabel Duncan, during commencement 
and the weeks following. 



236 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Maud Maiken of Albia and Alberta Stef^ens and Edith Springer Mc- 
Cullough of Wapello visited the chapter at commencement time. 

Edith Van Cise will be married to Mr. Liedru Willits July 1» at her home 
in Mt Pleasant. 

Ehila Dunn visited us a few days during commencement. She was en- 
route to California, where she will spend the summer in order to regain her 
health, if possible. 

Stella Bennett, teacher in Momingsun and Maisie Schreiner, principal 
of the Ames High school, were commencement visitors. 

Mabel Duncan received third place in the Harlan prize oratorial contest 
held here during commencement week. 

Miss Ellen Ball was elected Grand Organizer of the P. E. 0. sisterhood 
at a convention recently held at Cedar Rapids. 



DELTA 

Helen Tinsley McMillin of Cleveland, Ohio, visited us in April. 

We were so glad to have with us during commencement week four of 
our charter members, Margaret Curtis Pierce, Juha White, Elizabeth Car- 
son and Muriel Scott. Their coming was an inspiration to all of us. 

May Madden, '06, Edith Justice, '06, and E2unice Orrison, '07, were also 
with us for the commencement festivities. 

Letha Madden has been elected one of the delegates to the Y. W. C. A. 
conference this summer. 

Word has been received of the wedding of Bertha Sprague to Mr. Clar- 
ence Mitchell on June 3. 

One of the most interesting events of the late spring to all the Delta 
girls was the party given by our patroness, Mrs. H. Blair Miller, at which 
the engagement of Catherine Petty, '08, to Mr. Clarence Small, Sigma Nu, 
also of the class of '06, was announced. It certainly was a happy and excit- 
ing occasion. 

Jesse and Anne Smith, Letha Madden and Mabel Mercer are attending 
summer school at Bethany. 



EPSILON 

Margaret Miller will teach in the schools of Tyndall, S. D., next year. 

We are pleased to announce our new pledges, Frances Marquis and Ethel 
Sanborn. 

Lilla and Helen Tarbell recently gave a delightful house party at their 
summer home at Lake Kampeska, S. D. The Alpha girls present were 
Grace and Ethel Sanborn, Frances Marquis and Marion Williams of Clear 
Lake, and Julia Sweet of Vermillion. 

Helen Tarbell has accepted a position in the schools of Clark, S. D. 

Sarah Small, who was forced to leave school on account of her serious 
illness, is much improved, and we hope will be able to come back in the fall. 

On June 30th, at the home of her parents in Hartington, Neb., occurred 
the marriage of Edna Gable to Mr. Leister. 



PERSONALS 237 

Clara Salmer is still visiting in Norway. Her letters smack of ocean 
breezes, mountain climbing and hosts of good things to eat. 

Mable Green spent several days visiting the girls in Vermillion after her 
school closed. From here she went to her new home in New York. 

Helen Hill is living on a claim this summer. 



ZETA 

Mary Hubbell, '07, who has been teaching EInglish in the High school at 
North Baltimore, was with us during Commencement week. 

Clara Schwann, of Wheeling, W. Va., and Marjorie Smith, of BrookviUe, 
were also here at Commencement. 

Anna Miller surprised us with a short visit several weeks before college 
ck)6ed. 

Mabel Winn, who is attending summer school at Miami, spent several 
days in Springfield. 

Ruth Collier is spending her vacation with her aunt at Marion. 



ETA 

Miss Hazel Algie was married to Ljrron Bailey at her home in Ogdens- 
borg, N. Y., June the fourth. The wedding was a very quiet affair on ac- 
count of the death of the bride's mother at Blaster time. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bailey will reside in Ogdensburg. Eta sends her heartiest congratulations. 

Gertrude Wright, '06, spent a week with us at Commencement time. 

Belle Parker, '09, was elected to membership in EHa Pi Upsilon, the 
Senior woman's society, during the spring. 

On June 6th, a son was bom to Dr. and Mrs. Walter Davis of Cheaher, 
N. Y. Eta sends congratulations. 

Grace Fox, '06, will teach at Fulton next year. 

Florence Curtis will enter Emerson College of Oratory at Boston in the fall. 

Elaine Putnam will teach at Way land, Steuben County, N. Y., next year. 
Eva Elliott will be at East Hampton, Long Island, and Belle Chadboume 
will teach at Manlius, N. Y. 

Teresa Tobin, '06, has been teaching in Miss Goodyear's School on James 
street, the latter part of the year. 

Theodora Bothwell, '11, was elected to Iota Tau, the Sophomore society. 



THETA 

Eudora Cook, '06, spent Commencement week with us. 

Nellie AngeU, '07, will spend her vacation in Portland, Oregon, with 
relatives. 

Edith Schuster, '11, will travel through the west this summer with her 
father. 

Amy Erb came to visit us for a couple of days at Commencement time. 

Ruth Strong, of Lake Mills, expects to return to school in the fall. 

Una Ruth graduated this year from Denver University. 

Hattie Field, our chaperone, is spending the summer in travel abroad. 



238 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Agnes RaTii, '06, is with Signe Ravn Bpending the sammer in Christisnia, 
Norway. 

LaU Rnngfe will return to do graduate work next year at the " U." 



IOTA 

Ethel Green has returned to her home in Morgantown after a term's 
teaching in West Liberty Normal school. 

Mary H. Cooper read the long paper of the owning before the March 
meeting of the English club. Her subject was " Social Life in the Time of 
Chancer." 

Mrs. C. E. Hogg was in the southern part of the state recently attend- 
ing to some business matters. 

Bessie Sadler spent a few days in Morgantown to attend the Founders' 
Day celebration. 

Mary Chadwick spent her easter vacation at her home in Morgantown. 

Drusilla Johnson-Quick is now settled in her pleasant new home in South 
Park. 

Crystal Courtney was a member of the Junior Prom Committee which 
conducted the most successful "prom" ever given at the University. 
Crystal turned her artistic talent to good account in the making of a huge 
Seal, painted in oils in the University colors. 

Lillian Smith has been elected as Alpha Xi Delta's representative on the 
Woman's League Advisory Board for next year. 

Nancy Coplin has been elected secretary of the Pan Hellenic Associa- 
tion. 

Mary Meek Atkeson was imanimously elected editor-in-chief of the 
" Monongolian " (the University literary magazine) at the last meeting of 
the Board. 

Bfrs. W. J. Leonard has been visiting her mother for some time past in 
Tewksbury, Mass. 

Mary Cooper visited Mabelle and Blanche Watkins in Grafton, W. Va., 
recently. 

Mary Stewart Fravel has returned to Morgantown to enter the Univer- 
sity Summer school. 

Three of lota's girls received their A. B. degrees from the University 
this commencement. They are Ethel Green, Mary H. Cooper, and Mabel 
Jane Weaver. 

Mary Frances Chadwick received her A. B. degree at the recent com- 
mencement of Maryland Woman's college, Lutherville, Md. She has re- 
turned to Morgantown where she will continue her musical studies next 
year. 

Bessie Sadler visited in Morgantown during Commencement week. 

Mary Cooper has gone to her home in Crossville, Pa., to spend the vacation. 

Prof. T. C. Atkeson was repeatedly urged to accept the nomination for 
governor by the Prohibition party, but declined on account of his University 
duties. 



PERSONALS 239 

Mary Chadwick was Historian of her class at Maryland College and read 
an interesting and witty history of the class life at the Senior Class Day ex- 
ercises. 

Mrs. T. C. Atkeson and her daughter Leda, are visiting friends and rela- 
ties in Catlettsburg, Ky. 

Mrs. C. E. Horn expects to spend the g^reater part of the summer at her 
old home in Point Fleasant, W. Va. 

Mabel Jane Weaver will begin her career as a teacher next year in the 
Morgantown public schools. 

Mary Meek Atkeson will spend the vacation in Independence and But- 
ler, Mo. 

Lillian Smith read a ver^ interesting paper on the " Rise of the Heroic 
Play " before the May meeting of the English club. 

Crystal Courtney had a number of water color and china painting pieces 
in the annual exhibit of the School of Art, which were favorably commented 
upon. 

Cora Jackson has returned to her home in Ronceverte, W. Va., after a 
year's teaching in Tarboro Male academy, Tarboro, N. C. 

Bertha Jane Smith has finished a successful year's teaching in piano 
music at her private studio in Sisterville, W. Va. 

Mary Meek Atkeson published a ''Sonnet" in this year's "Monticola." 
Lillian Smith is visiting relatives at Guyman, Oklahoma. 

Nancy Coplin has gone to her home in Boothsville, W. Va., for her sum- 
mer vacation. 

LAMBDA 

Florence Tuttle, '01, sailed June 30th for Europe on the " Saxonia. " She 
will be abroad two months, returning in September in time for the opening 
of the Salem High school where she is a teacher. 

Dora Lucille Johnson, Tufts, ex- '08, was fipraduated from Smith College 
this year. 

Florence McCoy, '05, is recovering from an operation for appendicitis. 

Grace Carleton-Mansfield, '98, has been elected president of the Monday 
Club of Wakefield, Mass. 

Agnes Irene McCoy, '02, is to be the Somerville delegate to the Daughters 
of Veterans' Convention at Toledo, 0., in August. 

MU 

Bfary Helson has returned from E3c River, Wis., to spend the summer 
in St. Paul. 

M^rrtle Jones has returned from Ellendale, S. D., where she has been 
teaching. 

Mu loses eight members with this Commencement: Florence Jones, Laura 
Benz, Ella Hanrerson, Vin Hitchings, Fanny Gordinier, Alice Melong, Mina 
Sehaetzel and Mary Shiely. Florence Jones will teach at Zumbrota, Fannie 
Gordinier at Alexandria, and Ella Halverson in California. Laura Bens, Mina 
Sehaetzel, Alice Melong and Mary Shiely will be in the city and therefore 
not entirely lost from active work. 

Mrs. Thomas, Lambda, entertained a number of the girls at her summer 
home. Lake Minnetonka, June 24. 

Margery Thompson, who has not been attending college this year, expects 
to return in the fall. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



&. R. DEININIS 



MANUFACTURBR OF 



HIGH GRADE ICE CREAM 



316 SOUTH CLINTON STREET 



PHONE 189 



E. O. DINTURFF 

Pbotographtr 



Syracuse, New York 



THE PLACE TO WAIT FOR THE UNIVERSITY CAR 

HENRY MORRIS, FLORIST, 

210 East Genesee Street, . . Syracuse, N. Y. 



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ADVERTISEMENTS 



The Chas. H. Elliott Co. 

THE LARGEST COLLEGE ENGRAVING HOUSE 

IN THE WORLD 

Work:»: i7tln Street and I^ehigh Avenue 




Commencement Invitations 

and Glass Day Programs 

DANCe PROGRAMS AND INVITATIONS MENUS 

CLASS AND FRATERNITY INSERTS FOR ANNUAl^ 
CLASS AND FRATERNITY STATIONERY 

CLASS PINS AND MEDALS (Write for Cataloirne) 
CALLING CARDS (SPECIAL OFFER TO STUDENTS) 



Official Jeweler's Announcement 



DURING 1906 we made several improvements in 
the Official Pins and Jewelry Novelties. This 
fall we have added an entire line of the smaller size 
Pins, as well as a handsome new Pearl Pin in both 
designs. Also some new pieces of jewelry. Our illus- 
trated list has been unavoidably delayed on account 
of delay in returning samples. However, it will be 
ready in three or four weeks, and will be mailed to all 
members. It will interest you, we know. 

Two sample lines will be started to the various 
Chapters shortly and reach all as quickly as possible 

Soliciting your continued favor, we are yours 

for az:a 



WILBUR, LANPHEAR CO., - GALESBURG, ILL. 



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EXAMINATION GRADES 



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The examination returns reveal the fact that a stady of the Sorority 
Hand Book is needed by several chapters. Many papers show absolute 
i^orance conceminfi' the questions taken from this source and as eaatiOy 
one-half of the number given were derived from Hand Book information, 
the result has proven very serious. Again, many persons were not acquainted 
with the several actions of the last convention. There were two espedally 
important actions taken, which were required and which had evidently not 
been sufficiently studied. 

One question, the first was generally misunderstood. By the word 
" local '* was meant not the local organization of the different chapters, bat 
the organization which was the very beginning of Alpha Xi Delta, the local 
Alpha chapter before it became national 

Information in regard to the Trial Code was lacking, as would be expected 
under the circumstances. It is to be hoped that every chapter will very soon 
own a copy of the code. 

The chapter avera«:es and individual grades, listed below, are generally 
lower than those of last year, and are, in some cases, inexcusably poor 
reports for college fraternity women. 

ALPHA CHAPTER 

Nell Provoost 93 percent. Mabel Hendel .86 percent 

Florence Imes 88 ** Leila Bailey 77 

Chapter average, 86 per cent. 

BETA CHAPTER 

Amy Cheney 88 percent. Ruth Anderson 88 percent 

Mabel Duncan 87 ** Ethel Millspaugh 86 

Clara Campbell 87 '* Alice Cheney 86 

Chapter average, 86 6-6 per cent. 

GAMMA CHAPTER ' 

Nellie Hawkins 94 per cent. Marie Riker 95 percent 

Mabel Hickler 994 ** Olive Bracher 99 

Wilda Matthias 87 ** Vivian Strong 94 

Nellie Saltsman 85 '* Ruby Robens 75 

Nancy Copeland 90 *' Chapter average, 91 1-9 per cent 

DELTA CHAPTER 

Mary Lewis 79 per cent. Mary Fray 67 percent 

Dollye B. Houston 71 *' MabelJ. Mercer 72 

Cathrine Felty 77 " LethaMadden 68 

Sarah A. Smith 82 ** Mary G. Comett J82 

Edith Mercer 66 ** Helen Marshall 78 

Chapter average, 73.7 per cent. 

EPSILON CHAPTER 

E^sther Johnson 85 per cent. Mar^ret Miller 85 percent 



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Helen Miller 75 

Sax Nichols 75 

Helen Hill 70 

Helen Frazee 70 

Grace Sanborn 60 

Mary Nichols 70 



Manon Williams 78 " 

LillaTarbell 60 " 

Hellen Tarbel 70 

Bertha Small 80 

Sarah Small 75 " 

Pearl Sale 77 *• 

Chapter average, 75 5-14 per cent. 

ZETA CHAPTER 

Willard Wright 75 per cent. Lois Miller 78 per cent 

Eula Wright 75 ** Clara Domblaser 80 " 

Elizabeth Sudhoff 78 ** Lillian Seybold 75 

Ruth A. Collier 80 ** Margaret Fomshell 98 

Chapter average, 79 1-9 per cent. 



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ETA CHAPTER 

da S. Myers 95 per cent. Mary Curtis 73 per cent. 

iolt 88 " Helen Chase .88 

Troair 78 " Hazel Brush 77 

Dumm 82 ** Lucy Graham 85 

ora Bothwell 88 *' Ethel Carlin^ , 38 

Q Green 44 ** Marsraret Hoard 88 

Tobin 86 '* Lucile Thornton 89 

yne Thompson 88 ** Ethel Patterson 76 

Chadboume..... 84 **• Helen Rosa 86 

Parker 83 ** Hazel Slayton ...56 

Chapter average, 76.3 per cent. 

THETA CHAPTER 

»tte Gardiner d3 per cent. Ida Fenton 93 per cent. 

Davis 93 ** Frances Clark 93 

Andrus 93 *' Nanna Hough 93 

eth Tucker 93 ** Edith Schuster ......93 

Chapter average, 93 per cent. 

IOTA CHAPTER 

i\ Courtney 90 per cent. Mabel Jane Weaver 90 per cent. 

itkeson 86 ** Chapter average, 88§ per cent. 

KAPPA CHAPTER 

. Gentsch 80 per cent. Era Reele 88 per cent. 



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Lura Case 70 

Katherine Blake 82 

Carrie Rule 82 

Mary Bickel 88 

Masie Martin 68 

Feanette Retz 65 

Lucile Kave...; 85 ** 

Virginia Strawn 83 ** 

Chapter average, 81 1-6 per cent. 

LAMBDA CHAPTER 

tichards 75 per cent. Gertrude Johnson 59 per cent. 



I Strawn 83 

Retz 79 

I Hunt 78 

Spencer 88 

ide Ekibrooke 86 

rhomas 88 

eth Abbott 80 

I^elson 86 



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Wood 65 

mith 64 

Bumham 70 

1 Carleton 68 

f Duffey 63 

Gate 43 

I Shepard 52 



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A. R. McCoy 75 

Ethel Fuller 75i 

Sue Knight 63) 

Beatryce McFarland 66 ** 

Elsie May Chandler 55 ** 

Ethel Aiken 69 

Estella Butterfield 34 

Chapter average, 62 5-16 per cent. 

MU CHAPTER 

tchings 91 per cent. Georgia B. Elwell 90 per cent. 

sGordineer 95 ** Laura Bemy 95 ** 

Spink 93 ** Alice Schriber 93 

[alvorson 90 ** Mina Schoetzel 95 

Shieley 95 *' Grace E. GUbert 95 

P. Melaney 90 ** Lucy White 95 

ice Jones 95 ** Clara L. Bech 95 

Chapter average, 93 5-14 per cent. 

NU CHAPTER 

Kiltz 90 per cent. Lilian Esary 95 per cent 

iMcNamaia 70 ** Leila K. Parker 81 

ret Harris 68 '* Frances Sanborn 81 

Daniels 684 '* Dorothy Mason 88 

( Parr 70 ** Mae MacLachlan 90 

Bverett 81 '* Adelaide Fischer 87 

ee Lacks 65 '* Mary Chambers 78 

Smith 80 '* Olive Mueller 88 

Chapter average, 74 3-7 per cent. 



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Alpha 



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of the 







Alpha Xi Delta Sorority 




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NOVEMBER, 1908 



Vol. VI Published Quarterly at Alliance. Ohio No. 1 




(9fflrial d^rsan of % Al|ilra Xi irlta i^ororttg 

Edited and Published by Alpha Xi Delta Sorority, Alliance, O. 
NOVEMBER FEBRUARY MAY AUGUST 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

Founders of Alpha Xi Delta 2 

Chapters of Alpha Xi Delta 2 

The Fraternity Directory 3 

Kentucky State University 4 

History of Psi at Kentucky State University 6 

Autumn 8 

The Installation of Xi at Kentucky State University 9 

Report of Seventh Intersorority Conference 12 

Gamma Phi Beta 22 

Lac De La Fee 23 

Chapter Grants 24 

Every Day Council 25 

The Upper Classman in the Sorority 26 

Faculty, Frattrnity and Sorority Relations at the University of Wash- 
ington 28 

For the Chapter Meeting 29 

To the Initiates 30 

Round Table 31 

Editorials 32 

Exchanges 35 

Announcements 39 

Chapter Letters 40 

Engagements 50 

Marriages 50 

Births 51 

Personals 52 

Notice 58 

Advertisements 59, 60, 61 

Subscription Price: $:.oo per year, payable in advance. 

Alpha Xi Delta is published in Xovcmber, F'ebruary, May and August 
by the Alpha Xi Delta Sorority. 

Alpha Xi Delta will be sent to all subscribers until ordered discontinued, 
or until subscriptions are in arrears. 

Entered at postofficc, at Alliance. Ohio, as second-class matter. 

Address all comnumicntioiis to ibe Editor-in-Chief, Mrs. S. R. McKean, 
Neifcberry, Pa. 



ALLIANCE, OHIO: 
THE REVIEW PUBLISH I NT. CO., 

1908. 



XcvmhttB at ALpl^a Xi B^ita 

Lombard College, Galesburg, III., April 17, 1893. 



Hattie McCullum-Gossow (Mrs. C. E. W.) Wichita, Kans. 

♦Fkances Cheney 

Almira Cheney Saybrook, III. 

Lucy W. Gilmer Quincy, lU. 

Eliza Curtis Everton (Mrs. J. L.) - - - - LeRoy, IlL 
Bertha Cook-Evans (Mrs. Orrin C.) . - - Monmouth, III. 
Maud Foster . . . 700 E. Fourteenth St., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Louie Strong Taylor (Mrs. E. A.) - - - Park City, Utah. 
Cora Bolunger- Block (Mrs. Louis) 1416 Rock Island St., Davenport, la. 
Auce Bartlett-Bruner (Mrs. Murry T.) - 203 Fifth St., Aurora, III. 
♦Deceased. 



(BifuptBVB ct Alftlf a Xi 9rlta 



Alpha — Lombard College Galesburg, IlL 

Beta — Iowa Weslcyan University - - - - Mt Pleasant, la. 

Gamma — Mt Union College - Alliance, O. 

Delta — Bethany College ----- Bethany, W. Va. 

Epsilon — University of South Dakota - - - Vermillion, S. Dak. 

Zeta — Wittenberg College Springfield, O, 

Eta — Syracuse University Syracuse, N. Y. 

Theta — University of Wisconsin - . - - Madison, Wis. 

Iota — University of West Virginia - - Morgantown, W. Va. 

Kappa — University of Illinois Champaign, IlL 

Lambda — Tufts College Boston, Mass. 

Mu — University of Minnesota - . - - Minneapolis, Minn. 

Nu — University of Washington Seattle, Wash. 

Xi — Kentucky State University - - - . Lexington, Ky. 

Alliance Alumnae Alliance, O. 

Mt. Pleasant Alumnae Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Boston Alumnae Boston, Mass 



U^l^t Jfratemttti itrrrtorg 



GRAND OFFICERS OF ALPHA XI DELTA. 

President— Ella Boston-Lieb (Mis. J. R.)» Alpha, 

1 27 1 W. Washington Street, Springfield, 111. 
yke-PresidentSKBiTHA G. Cleveland, Eta, - Waterloo, N. Y. 
fecrelary — Mary Emily Kay, Gamma, 75 South Union Ave., Alliance, O. 
Treasurer— Elles Ball, Peta. - - - - Mt. Pleasant, la. 
Historian — Clara Salmer, Epsilon, - - - Vermillion, S. Dak. 
£ditor — Martha Hutchings-McKean (Mrs. S. R.), Eta, Newberry, Pa. 

EDITORIAL STAFF. 

Editor-in-Chief 
^Iartha Hutchings-McKean (Mrs. S. R.), - - Newberry, Pa. 

Associate Editor 
fjERTRUDE Wricht-Gilmour (Mrs. J. E.), - 66 Kennedy St., Bradford, Pa. 

Business Manager 
I>ORA G. LocKwoQ4» .... Portville, Cattarangus Co., N. Y. 

Assistant Business Manager 
Etta S. Bates, - - - - 715 South Union Ave., Alliance, O. 

CHAPTER CORRESPONDENTS. 

^Ipha — Mabel Hendel Galesburg, 111. 

JBeta — Mabel Duncan, 7 Mt. Pleasant, la. 

€^amma — Olive Bracher, - - - - House, Alliance O. 

MyeUa — ^Jessie A. Smith, Bethany, W. Va. 

Mpsilon — Mary A. Nichols, . _ . Vermillion, South Dak. 

'Zeta — Clara H. Dornblaser, - 521 Linden St., Springfield, 111. 
Bta — Helen Truair, - - - - 414 Irving Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Theta — Frances Albers, - - - 401 Murray St., Madison, Wis. 

Iota — Crystal Courtney, 723 N. Front St., Morgantown, W. Va. 

ICa^^— Grace Spencer, - - - 312 Daniel St., Champain, 111. 

Lambda — Elsie May Chandler, - Metcalf Hall, Tufts College, Mass. 

Uu — Georgia Belle Elwell, 907 7th St., S. £., Minneapolis, Minn. 

ATii— Lela K. Parker, - - 4529 Brooklyn Ave., Seattle, Wash. 

Xf— Lida Jones, - - . . Patterson Hall, Lexington, Ky. 

Alliance Alumnae — Mary Taylor, - - . . Alliance, O. 

Mt, Pleasant Alumnae — Ellen Ball - - - Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Boston /ilumnae — Ruth Sibley, 640 Washington St., Brookline, Mass. 

Custodian of Song Book — Margaret Hoard, - East Syracuse, N. Y. 

Secretary of tke Seventh Inter-Sorority Conference — Miss L. PeailS 

Green, Kappa Alpha Thet^, 15 East Ave., Ithaca, N. Y. 



In 1862 Congress passed an act donating to each state, for 
each of its senators and representatives in Congress, thirty 
thousand acres of public land, the revenue of which should pro- 
vide colleges for instruction in agriculture and mechanical arts; 
not to the exclusion, however, of other arts and sciences. The 
State of Kentucky received under this allotment three hundred 
and thirty thousand acres of land. A sum of one hundred and 
ten thousand dollars to buy a site for the proposed college was 
donated by the citizens of Fayette county, and three years later 
an "A. and M." college was established and existed until 1880 
as a dependent institution, when owing to an act of Congress it 
became an independent institution and was established upon a 
new and broader basis. Meanwhile the income of the institution 
was increased by the legislature to more than double its former 
sum and this was augmented later by an appropriation equal to 
an endowment of half a million. 

Since that time the university has grown almost phenom- 
inally and has increased its wealth and facilities for education 
until now its campus contains 52 acres of land and fifteen large 
buildings. 

The main building js a large brick structure, finished in 
stone. It contains the President's office. Business Agent's office 
and Chapel, the remainder being occupied by recitation rooms. 
Mechanical hall covers an area of about twenty-four thousand 
feet, is constructed of stone and brick and well furnished with 
machinery and appliances for work in mechanical engineering. 
The Science hall is a three-story brick building with wide halls, 
spacious and well equipped lecture rooms and laboratories. The 
third floor is devoted to the State Geological museum. The 
Gymnasium is 100 by 157 feet. The central portion is three 
stories high, the right one and the left two. It is the best 
equipped gymnasium in the South and was erected at a cost of 
$30,000. The Chemistry building is a two-story structure of 



rrW 



KENTUCKY STATE UNIVERSITY 5 

brick and stone and was formerly occupied by the Experiment 

station. The Experiment station is situated one-fourth of a 

mile from the University. It is a handsome two-story brick 

structure of colonial design, 114 by 60 feet and was completed in 

190L4. The Agricultural building has just been completed and 

equipped. It is a three-story building with red tile roof and is 

one of the finest buildings on the campus, having cost $60,000. 

The Department of Education was completed in 1907 and is an 

e^cc client new building at the very entrance to the campus. 

It is three stories high and contains the Departments 

of Law, History and Domestic Science. Carnegie Library 

^vill be upon completion one of the most artistic of the Univers- 

• 

^^y buildings and will include the President's library, which is 

*^icl to be one of the finest in the state. The Mining Engineer- 

^^^S department has just completed a large two-story brick build- 
in g^. 

The campus contains two large dormitories which afford 
^Q^g^ing for the men students. The homes of the President and 
^'"*^ Commandant are on the campus. Just north of the Uni- 
^^rsity on South Limestone is Patterson Hall, the girls' dormi- 
^^^O^- This is a handsome three-story building of brick and stone 
^^^sting $60,000 and large enough to accommodate one hundred 
**^<i twenty-five girls. 

About three-quarters of a mile south of the University, on 
the Nicholasville pike, is the Experiment Station Farm, con- 
sisting of two-hundred and forty-three acres, on which is a 
"^ncisome brick dwelling occupied by the Director of the 
Station. 

All of the experiments of the station are conducted on this 
and here the students have an opportunity to witness 
^'"^it spraying tests, tests ot field crops and many others. 

A handsome building for the accommodation of the de- 
P^'^tments of Physics and Civil Engineering is in process of 
construction. This building is being erected at a cost of sev- 
^'^^^'--five thousand dollars. 

^he University courses have been added to, until a large 
'*^n:iber and variety are offered. The College of Arts and 



6 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Sciences offers thirteen. The schools of Mechanical, Electrical, 
Mining and Civil Engineering and Law all offer splendid 
courses leading to degrees. The College of Agriculture offers 
three courses. 

The Faculty of the University numbers twenty-two pro- 
fessors, with forty assistants. 

The total enrollment of the University last year was 
twelve hundred. In the University are eight mens' fraternities 
Kappa Alpha (1893), Sigma Chi (1893), Sigma Alpha Epsilov 
(1900), Kappa Sigma (1901), Phi Delta Theta (1901), Pi Kap- 
pa Alpha (1901), Sigma Nu (1902). Phi Delta Theta, Sigms 
Alpha Epsilon and Sigma Nu occupy chapter houses. 

Sororities in the institution are: Chi Epsilon Chi 1901 
(local), Epsilon Omega Delta 1903 (local). Alpha Gamma Del- 
ta 1908 and Alpha Xi Delta 1908. 

The Christian Associations and several literary clubs arc 
an important part of the University life. 

Kentucky State University is a member of the State Uni- 
versity Association of America, and is widely recognized as 
of a most excellent character. ''Its conditions for admission 
and its conditions for graduation place it on an equal footing 
with the best institutions west of the Alleghenies." It is a 
great University now, but it has for the future, promise oi 
even greater achievements. 

LIDA JONES, Xi. 



HISTORY OF PSI AT KENTUCKY UNIVERSITY. 

The growth of the Psi local Sorority, before it became 
known as such to the outside world, was very quiet and the 
exact date of its birth cannot be definitely stated. It sprang 
from the love and close friendship among a group of girls, who, 
with one exception, were Juniors in the University. They 
stood high in their classes and were leaders and active partici- 
pants in all phases of university life with which the student 
body has to do. 



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KENTUCKY STATE UNIVERSITY 7 

These facts, together with thq affection which these girls 
had for one another gave rise to a desire to bind themselves 
more closely together and to give to the college world some 
sign of their love and friendship. This desire was realized when 
a secret, Greek-letter society, known as the Psi Sorority, was 
founded, and a charter was obtained from the faculty in Jan- 
uarv, nineteen hundred and five. 

On account of the higfi standards • of membership the 
growth of Psi was thenceforth, as always before, slow. Quality 
was preferred to quantity. In choosing members the guiding 
principle for Psi was this: **True happiness consists not in the 
multitude of friends, but in the worth and choice." So during the 
year after the charter was secured only one member was add- 
ed. That was a prosperous and happy year, but Commence- 
ment robbed Psi of five of her charter members, who were 
graduated with the class of 1906. 

At the beginning of the next school year, five new mem- 
bers were initiated, still keeping the number seven. 

In May of this year the Grand Secretary of Alpha Xi 
Delta visited Psi. She came as the guest of Mrs. Wallis, and 
no one except the Psi girls knew that Psi's aspirations to 
become National had brought Miss Kay to Lexington as an 
official inspector. The local was not, however, encouraged to 
petition for a charter just at this time. 

The next year two more girls were initiated into Psi. In 
April of this same college year. Miss Cleveland came to visit 
the chapter. She gave her approval to the preparation of a pe- 
tition, so, with the consent of the Grand Committee of Alpha 
Xi De ta, Psi formally petitioned for a charter in May, 190S. 
!•: was granted and preparations were made during the summer 
for the installation, which took place September eleventh and 
twelfth. Psi local was then merged into Xi chapter of the 
Alpha Xi Delta Sorority, and its loyal members became en- 
thusiastic Alphas. 



8 ALPHA XI DELTA 



AUTUMN. 

Rustling thru the branches, 

Shaking falling leaves, 
Whispering tales of winter, 

Flits the Autumn breeze. 
Gone is Summer's beauty, 

Gone her warm life too, 
Dead stalks crackle sharply 

Where the flowers grew. 
The soft green velvet carpet 

Is now a dreary brown. 
The wee nests show forlornly 

Where leaves have fallen down. 
The songsters to the southland 

On pinion swift have flown ; 
The birdlings of the Springtime 

To full-fledged wings have grown. 
All the world seems dreary. 

The frozen stream forlorn 
Weeps crystal tears of sorrow 

To help sad nature mourn. 
Come forth with smiles of gladness! 

There is no need to weep! 
The brown trees still are living. 

The flowers are but asleep! 
The songs will seem the sweeter. 

Of the birds now flowq away, 
ITie breeze will seem more balmy, 

They'll all come back some day. 
So cast aside your sorrow, 

Weep not for joys not past. 
But think now of the morrow 

For sorrow does not last 

Ruth McNamee, Mu. 



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KENTUCKY STATE UNIVERSITY 9 

THE INSTALLATION OF XI AT KENTUCKY 

STATE UNIVERSITY. 

Again Alpha Xi Delta has opened her doors to admit a new 
cHapter and that it is one of which our sorority may well feel 
proud, three of our Grand Committee can testify from personal 
accjuaintance. , 

The Psi local was established at Kentucky State University 
some four years ago and has continued to grow slowly but 
surely, gradually making a very strong position for itself in 
college circles. Early in 1907 application was made to Alpha 
X^i Delta for a charter but it was not until September of this 
year that the charter was granted and that Xi chapter became 
i-n actuality. The excellent printed petition presented by these 
&irls is deserving of mention, being unusually attractive in 
^>inding and in quality of presswork and illustration. 

On the morning of September eleventh, the Installation 
Committee, consisting of Martha Hutchings-McKean, editor, 
*nd Mary E. Kay, grand secretary, reached Lexington, and 
^ere taken at once to Patterson Hall, the girls* dormitory at 
the University, where they were guests during their stay. 
^^re they were met by all the Alphas-elect and the plans for 
^"^ installation sessions were completed. 

Xi chapter is composed entirely of Southern girls and a 
''^ost enthusiastic band they are. They are experienced in 
^^rority matters, understanding the local conditions thorough- 
ly* and had prepared themselves for membership in Alpha Xi 
^^Ita by a knowledge of the sorority's history and of the 
^*^ter-Sorority Conference work, which was most pleasing to 
the **installers." Undoubtedly the work of this chapter for the 
^^st four years is but an earnest of what it will do under the 
standard of the double blue and gold. 

On the afternoon of the eleventh, Mrs. J. Embry Allen 
8^ve a beautifully appointed tea at her charming home on 
M^esford avenue. The decorations were pink Alpha roses and 
^^ idea was carried out also in the cakes and ices. Mrs. Al- 
'tti's home is opened very often to the girls and her hospitality 



10 ALPHA XI DELTA 

and kindness have been of the greatest benefit and assistant: 
to them. 

In the evening a large reception was given at Pattersca 
Hall, where the sorority was **at home" to the faculty of ttr 
Univcrsity, all of the fraternities and sororities and ci^ 
friends. The drawing room where the receiving line stood w^ 
trimmed with ferns and pink roses and the halls and livirra 
room with hanging baskets of ferns, palms and begonias. TK: 
chapter patronesses, Mrs. Caroline Embry Wallis. Mrs. Alfr^ 
Zembrod, Mrs. R. W. Jones, Mrs. C. R. Melcher and Mrs. 
Embry Allen assisted the girls in receiving. Xi chapter is i* 
be congratulated in its patronesses, all of whom are much i^ 
terested in the success and welfare of the chapter. 

After the reception when all the lights in the dormitoc^ 
were supposedly out, neophytes and officers repaired to tl — 
chapter rooms where the installation ceremony took place. Tfcr 
new installation ceremony was used for the first time and nirff^ 
splendid girls took the vows of constancy and loyalty whic — 
made them Alpha Xi Deltas. The girls composing Xi Chapter 
are Misses Anna Wallis, Cottell Gregory, Mary Lockridg^ 
Elizabeth Wallis, Eva Nunnelly, Anne Simrall, Nell Wallis 
Lillian Ferguson and Lida Jones. 

The following morning a long business session was hel<^ 
when the constitution, by-laws and other matters of sororit]^ 
interest were thoroughly discussed. At the conclusion a ses- 
sion, (more or less melodious), with the song books, took* 
place. 

That afternoon the new chapter and its guests in twoi 
large automobiles, went out to "Elmendorf," the largest stock: 
farm in Kentucky and situated in the heart of the beautiful! 
Blue Grass country, rendered familiar to everyone by James 
Lane Allen and John Fox, Jr. A visit was also paid to "Ash- 
lands," the old home of Henry Clay, and by the invitation of 
Major J. Embry Allen, to Camp Augustus Willson, when the 
dress parade of the 2nd Kentucky regiment was taking place. 

In the evening the installation banquet occurred and was a 
fitting climax to the pleasant events that had preceded. The 



KENTUCKY STATE UNIVERSITY 11 

table was artistic with pink roses and beautiful, hand-painted 
place cards, the work of Miss Anna Wallis. Six courses were 
served, after which Miss Lida Jones charmingly presided over 
a short toast program. Those responding to toasts were 
Misses Lockridge, Gregory and Kay and Mrs. McKean. 
Misses Lockridge, Gregory and Kay and Mrs. McKean. A 
pleasant feature of the evening was the reading of let- 
ters of greeting from the grand officers and a number of the 
chapters. 

The installation of Xi adds anotTier link to the strong chain 
iwhich the years are forgmg for Alpha Xi Delta. Never truly 
"national" until the founding of this, our first chapter south of 
Mason and Dixon's line, the sorority is undoubtedly strength- 
ened by the addition of this new element, and it is unnecessary 
to say that our new Kentucky members are most warmly wel- 
comed. 

Mary Emily Kay, Gamma, '04. 
Grand Secretary of Alpha Xi Delta. 



REPORT OF 



Hotel Stratford, Chicago, Illinois, September 10-12, 1908. 



FIRST SESSION. 

The Seventh Intersorority Conference was called to or — 
der Friday, September 11, 1908, at/3 p. m., bjLMiss A. W. Lytle- 
Pi Beta Phi, presiding officer. Miss L. P. Green, Kappa Alphafl 
"Theta, acted as Secretary. 

The following delegates presented credentials and were=: 
duly enrolled: 

Pi Beta Phi.— Miss A. W. Lytle, State Normal SchooU 
Lewiston, Idaho. 

Kappa Alpha Theta. — Miss L. P. Green, 15 East Avenue^ 
Ithaca, N. Y. 

Kappa Kappa Gamma. — Miss Edith Stoner, 1529 Wabash 
Avenue, Kansas City, Mo. 

Delta Gamma. — Miss Margarethe Sheppard, 225 Green- 
wood Boulevard, Evanston, 111. 

Alpha Phi. — Mrs. C. A. McElroy, 153 East Fifty-fourth 
street, Chicago, 111. 

Gamma Phi Beta. — Miss Laura Hutchins, Marengo, 111. 

Alpha Chi Omega. — Mrs. Richard Tennant, 824 South 
Fifth street, Terre Haute, Ind. 

Delta Delta Delta. — Mrs. E. N. Parmelee, 755 Greenleaf 
Avenue, Rogers Park, Chicago, 111. 

Alpha Xi Delta. — Mrs. J. R. Lieb, 1271 West Washington 
street, Springfield, 111. 

Chi Omega. — Miss Jobelle Holcombe, Fayetteville, Ark. 

Sigma Kappa. — Mrs. K. B. Miller, 379 East Fifty-sixth 
street, Chicago, 111. 

Alpha Omicron Pi. — Mrs. C. G. Bigelow, 172 South Fran- 
cisco street, Chicago, 111. 



INTERSORORITY CONFERENCE 13 

The minute^: of the Sixth Intersorority Conference were 
read and approved. 

Each delegate presented a report upon the action of her 
fraternity on subjects of Intersorority interest; Pan-Hellenic 
difficulties and suggestions for future Intersorority co-opera- 
tion. 

Motion carried that the chair appoint a committee on rec- 
ommendations to which all recommendations in reports be re- 
ferred. Committee — Miss Sheppard, Delta Gamma; Miss 
Stoner, Kappa Kappa Gamma. 

Then followed the report of Miss Smith, Pi Beta Phi, Sec- 
ret:ary of the Conference, 1907-08. Her summary of the year's 
^vork follows: 
X. Secretary's Report. 

During the year just closing, the advance of inter-fraternity 
relations has been manifest by two noteworthy instances. First, 
^o complaint of Pan-Hellenic difficulty has been brought to the 
*^otice of the Secretary of the Intersorority Conference for in- 
vestigation. Second, no group of chapters has applied for ad- 
*^ission to the Conference. 

Eight hundred copies of the report of the Sixth Intersoror- 
ity Conference were printed and distributed. 

Soon after the Sixth Conference, the Pan-Hellenic Associa- 

^'on of Michigan sent to the Secretary a statement of the posi- 

^"Oti of Sorosis, together with a request for special dispensa- 

^*on. The Secretary sent to the Grand President the following 

^^ery: "Are you willing to grant a special dispensation to 

y^xjT chapter at the University of Michigan, allowing them to 

pledge senior high school girls?" All eight Grand Presidents 

Concerned agreed to grant the dispensation for the college year 

^^07-08. The Pan-Hellenic at Michigan was then notified that 

^ Special dispensation was granted it until the Seventh Inter- 

'^orority Conference convened. 

Representatives of the Intersorority Conference were in- 
^"ited to meet with the Conference of Deans of Women in State 
^Universities for one session, Friday afternoon, December 20th. 
^^ch fraternity was notified of the meeting and sent a rep- 



14 ALPHA XI DELTA 

resentative when possible. (A report of this joint meeting ap- 
pears elsewhere in this report.) 

The question of pledge day seems by no means settled, 
some schools which have had a late pledge day even agreeing 
to try matriculation day for next year. In view of the differ- 
ence of opinion upon this question and considering how thor- 
oughly the matter has been discussed, one delegate makes a 
timely suggestion that attention be turned to the amelioration 
of faulty conditions common to all fraternities. 

According to the direction of the Sixth Conference, Miss 
Thompson compiled and distributed a report on the present 
condition of Pan-Hellenics m the United States, a most valua- 
ble article for the use of all chapters. 

Later a letter was written to inform alumnae more definite- 
ly in regard to the purposes of Intersorority. Four hundred 
copies of this were printed and distributed. 

As directed by the Sixth Conference, the Secretary has 
printed 200 blanks for presenting matters for the vote of Grand 
Presidents. 

The Secretary has had constant demand for the names of 
secretaries of Pan-Hellenics. She had printed 500 blanks to be 
filled with name, address and fraternity of the Pan-Hellenic sec- 
retary. These blanks were sent to colleges and returned so 
that there is now on file for the use of the incoming Secretary 
a complete list of Pan-Hellenic secretaries. 

The manner of exchange of magazines has proven unsatis- 
factory. 

Motion carried to accept the report of the Intersorority 
Secretary. 

Adjournment. 

SECOND SESSION. 

This session was called to order at 9:30 a. m., Saturday, 
September 12, 1908. 

I. Pan-Hellenic at Wisconsin. 

Kappa Kappa Gamma, the committee on Pan-Hellenic 



INTERSORORITY CONFERENCE 15 

conditions at Wisconsin State University, continued by the 
Sixth Conference, reported as follows: 

Since Wisconsin State University is providing adequate 
supervised homes for its women students, and, since Interscho- 
lastic has been abolished, there is no pressing reason for con- 
tinuing to pledge preparatory students at Wisconsin. More- 
over, some fraternity chapters there do not desire to pledge 
preparatory students any more. The Wisconsin Pan-Hellenic 
has presented no petition for renewal of its expired dispensa- 
tion. 

In view of this report, the Seventh Intcrsorority Confer- 
ence is proud to announce that henceforth Wisconsin fraternity 
chapters will conform to the Intcrsorority Conference rule pro- 
hibiting the pledging of non-matriculates. 

^* Pan-Hellenics. 

The committee upon present conditions of Pan-Hellenics 
presented its report — which was printed and distributed to the 
Conference fraternities early in 1908. Attention was called to 
the fact that the variation in time of opening of our colleges — 
^'"om August first to October first — results in some cases in 
longer compacts than the report's enumeration by date of 
pledge day makes evident. 

Motion carried to accept this report with hearty apprecia- 
tion of Miss Thompson's fine work. 

3- Intcrsorority Conference Constitution. 

Alpha Omicron Pi reported an affirmative vote upon the 
Proposed constitution. As all the other represented fraterni- 
^*^s had endorsed this constitution at the time of the Sixth 
Conference, a motion was carried that the official organiza- 
tion for Intcrsorority Conference shall be the constitution as 
PHnted in report of the Sixth Conference. 

^ Pan-Hellenic at Michigan. 

A petition for a renewal of its special dispensation to 
pledge preparatory students was presented by the Michigan 
^^te University Pan-Hellenic. 



16 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Since the local Sorosis continues to refuse to co-operate 
in the abolishment of such pledging, it was deemed expedient 
that this dispensation be renewed, in order not to handicap the 
nationals at Michigan 

Motion carried that this Conference recommend to the 
Grand Presidents of fraternities represented at Michigan State 
University, that a dispensation be granted to the Michigan 
Pan-Hellenic for one year, provided only seniors in the high 
schools be pledged and the pledge be withdrawn if the pledged 
girl does not enter the University one year from September 
following the pledging; this dispensation to expire September, 
1909. 

Motion carried that the Intersorority Conference Secretary 
convey to the Michigan Pan-Hellenic our sincere congratula- 
tions upon the progress of Pan-Hellenic ideas in its I'ni- 
versitv. 

5. Exchange of Fraternity Magazines. 

This subject was fully discussed. There was unanimous 
agreement that the present plan of exchange is unsatisfactory 
and that the ideal plan of exchange with all chapters is imprac- 
tical because of expense. It was reported that the chapters 
of some fraternities subscribe for the magazines of other fm- 
ternities, and also that some Pan-Hellenics do the .^ame. The 
following action was taken concerning exchanges : 

Carried that the Intersororitv Conference Secretary pre- 
pare a journal exchange list, said list to include three national 
officers oi each Intersororitv Conference frateniitv (these three 
officials, in each case, to be designate'cl by their fraternity), and 
the delegates to the Intersorority Conference. This oflicial 
exchange list is to be sent to each fraternity editor, who shall 
be responsible for the mailing of her magazine to all addresses 
on the list. 

Motion carried that each fraternity editor !)ut the library 
of every University, where her fraternity is representetl, on her 
mailing list and notify her chapters of these fraternity librar- 



INTERSORORITY CONFERENCE 17 

ics; this library exchange to supplant the former Pan-Hellenic 
exchange. 

Carried that each fraternity editor be asked to keep an 
accurate list during 1908-09 of the subscriptions received from 
Pan-Hellenics and from chapters of other fraternities, and, 
through her Intersorority delegate, submit a report of the same 
to the next Intersorority Conference. Each fraternity is asked 
to suggest to its chapters the value of subscribing for other 
fraternity magazines. 

6. Dean's Conference. 

The following report from the Conference of Intersorority 
<jelegates with Deans of Women in December, 1907, was sub- 
mitted : 

The Deans of Women of State Universities were in sub- 
stantial agreement on the following topics of interest to fra- 
t:ernity women: 

Chaperones. — The office should be dignified by better defi- 
Tiition, and more authority. One way of doing this is to make 
the chaperone a member of the committee of the chapter, whose 
duty is to formulate suitable house rules, and to secure their 
observance. Such a committee should be of great assistance 
to a chapter in determining its social activities, etc. 

Rushing. — This way of recruiting the chapters is deplored 
Sophomore pledging is approved, and a scholarship standard 
of eligibility is advocated. 

Parties. — The use of University buildings for parties is 
advised wherever this is possible, as opposed to clubs and halls 
not located on the campus. 

Scholarship. — The practice of some fraternities in securing 
from the Deans periodic reports of individual grades for each 
chapter is believed to encourage scholarship. 

Visiting Delegates. — The Deans are glad to meet these 
ladies, and welcome conferences with them early in their visits 
to their respective chapters. 

This report was followed by a discussion of chapter 
houses and chaperones. Mrs. Tennant reported her list of 



18 . ALPHA XI DELTA 

eligible chaperones as very small, but that, if a small salary 
was connected with the position, more chaperones would be 
available. 

Motion carried that the president appoint a committee to 
consider with Deans of Women the position of the fraternity 
chaperone in college life, also the functions and qualifications 
of chaperone. Committee: Alpha Chi Omega, Gamma Phi 
Beta, Chi Omega. 

Adjourned for the annual luncheon of Intersorority Con- 
ference delegates. The luncheon was at the College club, which 
kindly gave us the use of their rooms for our last session 



THIRD SESSION. 

The session opened with a continuation of the discussion of 
the meeting of fraternity women and Deans Particular at- 
tention was called to the fact that the Deans had concurred 
with former Intersorority Conferences in recommending a 
Sophomore pledge day. 

Motion carried that the Seventh Intersorority Conference 
again urge a late pledge day, preferably a Sophomore pledge 
day . 

The committee on recommendations then presented its re- 
port, which included all recommendations from delegates re- 
ports to the first session. 

7. Pan-Hellenic Reconimendatians. 

The following recommendations are submitted to local 
Pan-Hellenics with the request that each Pan-Hellenic give 
them careful consideration, and, as far as practical, adopt the 
principles of each recommendation. 

A. Every Pan-Hellenic MUST conform to the by-laws 
that require each fraternity chapter to be represented in Pan- 
Hellenics by one active and ONE ALUMNA member. It is 
urged that alumnae members be chosen with great care. 
Women several years out of college, who are in close touch with 



INTERSORORITY CONFERENCE 19 

their University's and their chapter's life, and in sympathy with 
Intersorority Conference ideas and work — upon which they 
should be well in formed — should be chosen for these posi- 
tions. A long tenure of office for efficient alumnae members 
is also deemed advisable. 

B. Pan-Hellenics are urged to adopt a rule requiring 
definite scholarship attainments in the University, as a quali- 
fication for eligibility to fraternity membership. 

C. We recommend to Pan-Hellenics that they endeavor 
to restrict the expense, number and duration of social func- 
tions and engagements by women's fraternities as far as is com- 
patible with local conditions. 

D. We suggest that, Pan-Hellenics be careful not to cre- 
ate feeling between fraternity and non-fraternity college 
women through too many or through inopportune Pan-Hellenic 
meetings and functions. 

E. Pan-Hellenics are urged to avoid all public press no- 
tority and to endeavor always to keep the respect of their Uni- 
versity and town communities. 

F. We strongly recommend that each Pan-Hellenic have 
some general meetings to which ALL fraternity members are 
invited and allowed to take part in discussions — meetings to 
read and discuss Intersorority Conference reports; shortcom- 
ings of our last compact ; effects of a Sophomore pledge day in 
our college, elr. 

G. Since at the University of Wisconsin an organization 
of the resident alumnae of all fraternities has proved most 
helpful in solving fraternity and University problems concern- 
ing rushing, .social life, etc., it is the concensus of opinion in 
this Conference that a similar organization woulc' prove helpful 
in every University where fraternities are represented. It is 
therefore suggested that in each Pan-Hellenic the alumnae 
members lake the initiative in forming such an organization 
for their college. 

8. Fraternity Recommendations. 

The following recommendations are submitted to each 



20 ALPHA XI DELTA 

fraternity with the strong hope that each Grand President will 
urge their adoption in the policies of her fraternity. 

A. That each fraternity hold its Intersorority delegate 
responsible for the distribution of Intersorority Conference re- 
ports and papers, and also for instructing chapters as to the 
use of the same. 

B. That each fraternity include in its chapter examina- 
tions a question concerning the present procedure and possible 
penalty in case of the breaking of a Pan-Hellenic contract. 

C. That each fraternity, with ideals of honor and faith 
in the integrity of others, emphasize these points in the policy 
of its chapters. 

D. That each fraternity devise a method of informing its 
alumnae of Intersorority Conference principles and policies, so 
that an alumane teaching in a preparatory school will not 
thoughtlessly take steps that will disrupt years of cordial feel- 
ing between her chapter and other fraternities in her Alma 
Mater. 

E. That each fraternity instruct its visiting delegate to 
impress upon the chapters the need not of a higher standard 
of scholarship than they already possess, but a high standard 
irrespective of their present standing. 

F. That each fraternity endeavor to make the position of 
chaperone in its chapter houses one of definite duties, powers 
and dignity. That if possible, the positions be filled by alumnae 
of experience and judgment. 

9. Intersorority Recommendations. 

The following recommendations were adopted by the Sev- 
enth Intersorority Conference: 

A. That a committee be appointed to investigate the "no 
rushing policy" of the famous societies of Yale and Harvard. 
Committee: Alpha Phi and Sigma Kappa. 

B. That an enumeration of concrete results of Inter- 
sorority be printed in each fraternity magazine. This enumer- 
ation to be compiled by the Secretary of Intersorority to insure 



INTERSORORITY CONFERENCE 21 

uniformity. Fraternity editors are also urged to give promin- 
ence and active, continued support to Int^rsorority Confer- 
ence interests. 

C. That a comrpittpe be appointed to draw up an inter- 
fraternity code concerning the dismissal of members, with- 
drawing of invitations, breaking of pledges. Corpmitte^: Chi 
Omega, Alpha Xi Delta, and Delta Deltji Delta. 

D. That the name of this conference be changed to 
National Pan-Hellenic Conference. 

' E. That a committee be appointed which shall make the 
1907-06 Letter to alumnae organizations the basis for a similar 
letter this fall. Committee : Kappa Kappa Gamma, Alpha Om— 
cnxi Pi, Delta Delta Delta. 

A vote of thanks was given the College club for courtesies 

Some desultory discussion followed upon the situation of 
fraternities at Barnard; written replies to invitations to join a 
fraternity ; need of constant effort to keep fraternity women in- 
formed on Intersorority Conference matters; high school fra- 
ternities; in4jefiniteness of Pan-Hellenic constitutions; fratern- 
ity presidents as delegates to Intersorority; and plans for the 
next Conference. 

Motion carried to assess each fraternity five dollars ($5.00) 
for Intersorority Conference expenses, each delegate to in- 
struct her Grand Treasurer to send the assessment direct to 
the Conference Secretary. 

The Intersorority Conference was declared adjourned un- 
<U September, 1909. 

L. PEARLE GREEN, Kappa Alpha Theta, 

Secretary of Seventh Intersorority Conference. 



22 ALPHA XI DELTA 

GAMMA PHI BETA. 

The Alpha Chapter of Gamma Phi Beta was founded at 
Syracuse University, Nov. ii, 1874. The founders were four 
young ladies, Frances E. Haven, E. Adeline Curtis, Helen M. 
Dodge and Mary A. Bingham. The society from its founding 
had the fatherly councils of Bishop, then Cancellor E. O. 
Haven. He gave it the name it bears and afded it by his in- 
fluence. In 1879, the society became incorporated under the 
laws of the state of New York. 

The government of the fraternity is vested in the Conven- 
tion held annually in November with the chapters in rotation. 
During its recess an executive board of five members adminis- 
ters the affairs of the sorority. 

The badge is a monogram of the three letters, Gamma Phi 
Beta, surrounded by an enameled crescent displaying Hebrew 
characters. The colors are fawn and seal brown. The flowef 
is the pink carnation. 

Gamma Phi was the first women's Greek letter society to 
adopt the name of sorority. It now consists of twelve active 
and eight alumnae chapters. It has never at any time granted 
honorary membership. 

Following is the chapter roll of Gamma Phi Beta: 

ALPHA - - Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y. 
BETA - - University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
GAMMA - - University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis. 
DELTA - - - Boston University, Boston, Mass. 
EPSILON - - Northwestern University, Evanston, 111. 
ZETA - - - Women's College, Baltimore, Md. 
ETA - - University of California, Berkeley, Cal. 

THETA - - - University of Denver, Denver, Col. 
IOTA - Barnard College, of Columbia University, N. Y. City. 
KAPPA - University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn. 
LAMBTSA - University of Washington, Seattle, Wash. 
MU - - - Leland Standford, Jr., University, Cal. 



INTERSORORITY CONFERENCE 



23 



Chicago. 
Syracuse 
Boston 
Denver 



Alumnae Chapters. 



New York 
Milwaukee 
San Francisco 
Minnesota 



LAC DE LA PEE. 

Long thin clouds in the evening sky 

Draw their lines of grey 
Over the face of the low-hung sun 

As it drops behind Lac de la Fee. 

Against the yellow sunset glow 

Uprear three great pine trees 
And one, more tall than the rest, is astir 

At the whim of some vagrant breeze. 

At the foot of the hill, the broad lake lies, 

Calm, unruffled, deep, 
And mirrored in that smooth expense. 

Sun, clouds, and wooded steep. 

A robin whistles his warning cry; 

Lower sinks the sun; 
Wierd and sad all bird-notes sound; 

From the shore creep shadows dun. 

The plash of a fish when the sun is gone. 

The whirr of an owl in flight, 
A cracking branch, echo loud and strange 

In the quiet of the night. 

The air grows slumbrous with perfumed dew, 

The moon from her covert creeps 
And rides through the sky with a faint, faint light, 

While the Lake of the Fairy sleeps. 

MARION RYAN, Theta. 



24 ALPHA XI DELTA 



CHAPTER GRANTS. 

From the supplement to "The Sorority Handbook," we 
copy the following list of sororities which have in the past 
year placed chapters in the colleges named: 

Alpha Chi Omega. Baker, Colorado, Nebraska. 

Alpha Delta Phi. Lawrence. 

Alpha Gamma Delta. DePauw, Kentucky, Ohio, Minnesota. 

Alpha Omicron Pi. Cornell, DePauw, Maine, Tufts. 

Alpha Sigma Alpha. Chevy Chase, Randolph-Macon. Omit 
Fairmont, Lewisburg. 

Alpha Xi Delta. Kentucky State University. 

Beta Sigma Omicron. Brenau, Central. 

Chi Omega. Florida. 

Delta Delta Delta. Colby, DePauw, Transylvania. 

Delta Gamma. Adelphi. 

Kappa Alpha Theta. Washington State. 

Kappa Delta. Illinois Wesieyan, Iowa State College, North- 
western. 

Phi Mu. Southwestern, Tennessee. 

Phi Mu Gamma. Emerson College of Oratory, New England 
Conservatory. 

Sigma Kappa. Brown, Denver. 

Sigma Sigma Sigma. Lewisburg, Searcy, Women's College 
Withdrawn. 

Zeta Phi. Toronto. 

Zeta Tau Alpha. Richmond charter withdraws. 



lEttierg Ba^ OInmtril 



Some Thoughts for the Self-satisfied Chi^ter. 

How many times do we take up magazines of high stand- 
i"8r» and read severe criticisms of sororities and their customs 
not written by the unintelligent and the unknowing, but by stud- 
ents of college life and welfare. These criticisms are, I think, 
often unjust, but a broad mmded girl will see that there is 
much in them that is just. We do not need criticism if we 
know ourselves as we ought, and understand and correct our 
mistakes ; but when we comfortably close our eyes to our know- 
ledge of what we ought to be and idly enjoy what we are, just 
criticism is then invaluable. 

Self-satisfaction is always a cause of stagnation and I be- 
lieve it is the greatest failing and the greatest danger of every 
sorority. When Alpha girls make it their principle always to 
praise one another and to overlook one another's faults, they take 
aivay much of the incentive to improve our sorority and make 
« progressive. We love Alpha Xi. Delta, but we express it in 
the wrong way. Instead of **Hitching our wagon to a star " 
we convince ourselves that we are the star, allowing no op- 
portunity of advancement. 

What are we, as chapters, doing to justify our existence.^ 
We are working very hard for our pleasure, but we are doing 
"ttle for the advancement and culture of our sorority and our 
Colleges. Perhaps I am unjust, but judging from my know- 
•cdgc and from the chapter letters and articles in our journal 
* think my criticism is well founded. 

The years in college are the best years for work; our 
''^inds are active, we have the best ideas and the highest ideals ; 
^c are in the atmosphere ot learning and we have every facility 
*^ do intellectual work. There are innumerable things that 
^c can do. The societies at Wellesley set us a good example 



26 ALPHA XI DELTA 

and I would be glad to see my sorority follow their lead in 
the splendid work that they do. For instance^ the Shakespeare 
society spends a year studying one of Shakespeare's plays, giv- 
ing different scenes at their weekly meetings, looking up the 
manners and customs of Shakespeare's time, then at the end 
of the year as the result of their study, the play is acted o^ 
the campus. No careless work is done, the play is well co^s- 
tumed, well interpreted and well acted showing how serious ^ 
their work during the year. Another society studies art, 
other Greek, another debate and so on. 

If each of Alpha Xi Delta's chapters would take up so 
special line of work, doing enough in it to make it worth whil 
would it not improve itself, its sorority and its college? 
think it would. 

RUTH A. SIRBLEY, Boston Alumnae. 



THE UPPER CLASSMAN IN THE SORORITY. 

What should be the standard for the upper classman in th 
sorority? In handling a subject of this kind there is alway 
the tendency to create an ideal to which it is difficult for the or- 
dinary upper classman to attain; the kind of person that one 
finds in Sunday school books oftentimes, admirable but un- 
natural. Tne ideal upper classman in the sorority! What 
qualifications entitle one to membership in this desirable, but 
select class? 

First, she should be a careful student and should be 
prompt and regular in attendance at classes. The respect the 
under classmen have for her is often proportioned to her faith- 
fulness in these respects. Courteous should she be at all times, 
and dignified, considering as seriously any suggestion from 
an under classman as though it came from a Senior. You will 
find her a worker in the sorority, too, shouldering the burdens 



BVBRY DAY COUNCIL 27 

willingly, for she is loyal to the core. Her sorority will be 
to her more than a mere &pcial club, for its principles will be- 
come a part of herself. Through giving much she will gain 
much, and her sorority will come to have an almost sacred 
meaning which many others in the sorority will miss. 

Cheerful should she be at all times and true. 

Speaking the word that will help to do 

Away with error, yet not neglect to do it kindly. 

The one who is hurt will forget the pain when she realizes 
the spirit of kindness that prompted the word. 

Further, our ideal upper classman should be unyielding as 
a rock when convinced that she is right, even though the rest 
ot the chapter be arrayed against her. In the foreground of 
her thought should be the question: Is this course the best 
for the individual or for the sorority? 

Last and perhaps best of all is the matter of charity that 
the ideal upper classman shauld try to throw over the short- 
comings of others. What more beautiful habit can one acquire 
than that of making excuses for other people's weaknesses! 
In essence, if our upper classman only have a loving heart 
hasn't she found the solution for most of life's problems? 

• "Four things a man must learn to do. 
If he would make his record true. 
To think without confusion clearly. 
To love his fellow men sincerely, 
To act from honest motives purely. 
To trust in God and Heaven securely." 

EDITH LAWRENCE, Eta. 



28 ALPHA XI DELTA 



FACULTY, FRATERNITY AND SORORITY RELA- 
TIONS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON. 



From statistics gathered at the University of Washington 
for the past two years, the relative scholarship of the fraternity 
students compared with that of non-fraternity students was 
found to be lower. So this year the members of the faculty 
have taken it upon themselves to help better the situation. 
They are making a systematic effort to have the precedent es- 
tablished that the in-coming class shall devote its time almost 
exclusively to work, as heretofore too much attention has been 
devoted by the Freshmen to college activities and social ^ af- 
fairs and the foundation for the greatest profit in the three suc- 
ceeding years has not been strongly laid. 

The rules which are now being enforced are as follows: 

"Rule I. No student shall be initiated into a fraternity 
or sorority until he (or she) has earned twelve credit marks 
at tfie University. 

"Rule 2. No freshman pledged or initiated in any fratern- 
ity or sorority shall attend any social function open to both sex- 
es excepting University functions exclusively for the Fresh- 
man class and the general reception to opening students, and 
except the functions given by the student's own fraternity 
or sorority during the semester following his initiation. 

"Rule 3. No fraternity or sorority shall give more than 
three social functions a year at which members of the opposite 
sex are entertained, and none of these shall take place during 
the first month of the year." 

MAE McLACHLAN, Nu. 



EVBRY DAY COUNCIL 29 



FOR THE CHAPTER MEETING. 



Suggestions from Alpha as to how we may make our 
crhapter meetings more helpful and more interesting: 

1. That each chapter begin a systematic study of the 
Sorority handbook preparatory to those inevitable examina- 
tions. 

2. That we spend several hours each week practicing our 
^ongs and learning several of the best ones by heart. This 
A^ill help to keep up the interest of the pledges in the sorority 
^ml arouse new spirit and enthusiasm in the members. 

3. That any sister who comes across a particularly good 
poem, sentiment, song, etc., be prepared to share it with her 
other sisters at the next meeting. 

4. That Parlimentary rules be strictly observed in con- 
ciucting the business part of the meeting. 

5. That a study of the constitution and by-laws of Alpha 
Xi Delta Sorority be taken up at each meeting in order that 
^vcry new member may have a thorough understanding of the 
organization. This will in a measure facilitate the work of the 
Crand Officers. 

Alpha chapter is very eager to receive any suggestions 
a.long these lines from other chapters. 

MABEL HENDEL. 



30 ALPHA XI DELTA 



TO THE INITIATES. 



A Toast. 



The girls who have already left our active chapter, the 
girls who are to leave us soon, the under class girls — I ask all 
to join in a toast to our initiates : 

Dear Initiates:, you all know, now, all that our golden 
quill stands for; you know the message of our rose; you have 
entered into our love. We have made new places in our hearts 
for each one of you and you in turn have taken us into yours. 
Girls all over this land of ours, seeing your quill, will take your 
hand in understanding, because they, too, wear quills. Love, 
sisterly love — it is the keynote. Love which forgives petty 
grievances and overlooks small faults; love which fills and 
overflows from each one of us. In the years to come there will 
come sorrows and trouble. You will be grieved, vexed; yet 
let the message of our quill ever come before you, restraining, 
guiding, helping you. It is a sweet and wonderful thiiig to 
feel that the right to wear the quill gives us also the right to 
claim sympathy from every other sister, wherever she may be. 

May we all so live that day by day those we meet may 
say with commendation, "She wears a quill," and may Alpha 
Xi Delta stand always for the beautiful, loving unselfishness 
which always gives itself freely to the needier ones around it. 

Sisters, a toast to the initiates, the X, the Untried Few I 
May we prove them and ourselves true to Alpha Xi Delta ! 

LUCY J. WHITE, Mu. 



EVERY DAY COUNCIL 31 

ROUND TABLE 

"O, wad some power the gift to gie us, 
To see oursels as others see us. 
It would from many a blunder free us 
And foolish notion." 

The poet surely saw the advantage in having close friends. 
It would not be easy for us to hear our faults told us from the 
lips ef any mere acquaintance. But should one of our sorority 
sisters tell us of them kindly, in the way a sister should speak 
to another, we would be lastingly grateful. 

The girls of Zeta feel that there is no one who is better fitted 
to tell them their faults — and every person has at least a few — 
than our sorority sisters with whom we live and associate. So 
at every chapter meeting after the business of the day has been 
finished, the president announces roundtable. At this time the 
girls in a kindly way, show to one another what each has done 
which might look unrefined or objectionable to an outsider. 

Of course, all suggestions must be taken in the right spirit, 
for they are meant to be of hel£ to us in our contact with 
others. 

For example, our girls are watched by the non-sorority 
girls in school, and if one of us should consciously or uncon- 
sciously overstep the bounds of propriety or do some act in 
which perhaps she saw no harm, but which was considered by 
older people to be unwise, is it not the duty of her closest 
Wends, her sorority sisters, to show her kindly where she is 
^rong and how she may better her conduct? 

The saddest hours of a person's life, are those in which 
*he reflects upon the mistakes of her life and says, "If I had 
*nly known." 

All of us need help in correcting our faults, so can't we 
^ke any suggestions made to us as they are meant, in a kindly 
spirit, and improve our lives and habits by pondering over 
them? 

Let us talk this idea over together and help each other for 
the good of ourselves, as well as of our Alpha Xi Delta. 

CLARA HILL DORNB LASER, Zeta. 



!£liit0mlB 



A real priviledge is ours in being permitted to extend 
welcome to Xi chapter. Because we know personally of tl 
sterling qualities of Xi's members, our welcome is the moi 
cordial and sincere. Alpha Xi Delta may well congratulal 
herself upon the placing of this chapter. Seldom has our soroi 
ity entrusted a charter to more worthy girls or under more ai=^ 
spicious circumstances. May Xi's abundant promise of useful — l- 
ness and distinction be more than fulfilled in the years t ^i^o 
come. 





— »c 



We call attention in the changes in our Editorial sta 
Miss Etta Bates of Gamma chapter, has been added to ou 
number. Mrs. Gilmour is not a new member of the staff, bu 
rather our former Associate Editor under a new name. Con 
gratulations and good wishes are therefore her due, and w( 
gladly offer them. 

A change of publishers has also been made, which fac^ ^^ 
accounts for the lateness of this issue. 



The report of the Seventh Intersorority Conference, whic 
appears in this issue of the Alpha Xi Delta, deserves careful 
and thoughtful reading by every college fraternity woman. To 
us it is an encouraging sign of progress that the recommenda- 
tions of this last Conference are so much more concrete and 
definite than were those of the earlier Conferences. The spirit 
of the Inter-Sorority movement has always been good, but it 
has been misunderstood all too often, — especially by the younger 
college girls. Now that the ideas contained in the Conference 
report seem more tangible and serviceable, a larger number of 
actual benefits ought to result from Pan-Hellenic organiza- 
tions. 



EDITORIALS 33 

Two of the recommendations of the recent Conference we 
ivish especially to commend. Section 7, paragraph B, urges the 
adoption by local Pan-Hellenics of a rule requiring definite 
scholarship attainments in the University as a qualification for 
eligibility to fraternity membership. We know personally of 
one Pan-Hellenic which has most successfully practiced such 
a rule. An early pledge day was the custom, but the pledged 
Skirls were not initiated until after the first term examinations, 
and then only if they had attained at least a fairly good grade. 
We would like to see every chapter of Alpha Xi Delta aid in 
securing such a rule in its local Pan-Hellenic. Failing in that, 
a chapter of our sorority could hardly find a more effectual 
means of raising its scholarship than by enforcing such a rule 
for itself. The better way, however, is for the Pan-Hellenic 
in your college to try this rule unitedly. All sororities cherish 
hif^h scholastic attainments as one of their ideals, but these 
same sororities honestly acknowledge their failure in this di- 
rection. For the future we hope that a combined effort will 
accomplish more than have the efforts of individual chapters 
along this line. 

Because high scholarship is not Alpha Xi Delta's only aim, 
we commend also the attempt to define the powers and duties 

of the cnapter house chaperones. (See Section 8, Parapragh 
F, of the Report.) We especially urge the idea that where pos- 
sible alumnae of experience and judgment should fill these po- 
sitions. Only an alumna can rightfully appreciate all of the 
sorority problems, and thus become the intimate friend and 
counselor of the girls under her charge. An alumna 
chaperone who cherishes the high ideals of our fraternity, can 
be the greatest possible influence for good in any chapter house, 
^.nd develop in the girls that true womanliness and breadth of 
^understanding which Alpha Xi Delta strives to cultivate. 



We have been pleasantly and necessarily reminded of the 
desirability of each active chapter's keeping in close touch with 
its alumnae members. 



34 ALPHA XI DELTA 

The pleasurable reminder was a big bundle of letters which 
circulates among the alumnae of our own chapter, and which 
each must add her contribution as often as this "Round Robin" 
returns to her. The letters go to the Corresponding Secretary 
of the active chapter also. She is thus enaoled very easily to 
secure a great deal of desirable information as to the history 
and whereabouts of the "old girls," and further to keep them 
up-to-date upon the active chapter's interests and achieve- 
ments and needs. Pleasure! How it does warm the cockles 
of one's heart to hear from every one of those girls again! 
Many of them we would lose sight of entirely but for the cir- 
cular letter. Truly it is good and pleasant to keep up the col- 
lege friendships. 

But as might have been expected, the Editorial StaflF had 
also a necessity to remind us that the active chapters ought 
to keep in close touch with their alumnae. For our own good 
purposes, we desired a correct list of names and addresses of 
all Alpha Xi Delta alumnae. More or less correct lists came 
to us from about all of the chapters, and for them we are grate- 
ful. We want, however, to urge every chapter to make doubly 
sure never to lose sight of one single graduate member. We 
urge this, not so much in view of possible needs of the Journal, 
as because of the benefit we know such a course will bring to 
your chapter locally. Your alumnae can aid you financially and 
socially, with their advice about rushees and chapter problems 
in general, and in all the numerous ways which we know are 
possible for an enthusiastic alumna. All this they will do, if 
only — and just here is the point for girls in college to observe — 
if only your actions will make the alumnae know that you want 
them and need them. Who of us gives a last winter's garment 
to our well-to-do neighbor? To just the same extent, do alum- 
nae help chapters that never consult or rely in the least upon 
the wisdom and experience of their graduates. Every chapter 
ought to bring pleasure to its old girls, and profit to its active 
girls by keeping the two groups of Alpha Xi Deltas sympa- 
thetic and harmonious in their interests. 



iExttfangea 



EXCHANGE EDITOR - GERTRUDE WRIGHT-GILMOUR. 



[Exchanges are requested to send one copy to each of the following: 
Mrs. S. R. McKean, Newberry, Pa.; Mrs. J. R. Lieb, 1271 West Wash- 
ington St., Springfield, 111.; Mrs. J. E. Gllmour, 66 Kennedy St., Brad- 
ford, Pa.] 

We acknowledge the receipt of the following publications, calling 
attention to a few of the interesting and instructive articles: 
The Arrow of Pi Beta Phi: 

July — One can readily see from the space given in this number to 
reports of Alumnae clubs, that Pi Beta Phi keeps in close touch with her 
graduate members. The following clipping from an editorial suggests a 
method : 

It is gratifying already to see first fruits from the newly required an- 
nual circular letters to chapter alumnae. There is no question that they 
will serve to deepen the alumnae's interest in her chapter. That from 
the point of view of material gain to the chapter they may also be valuable, 
the following incident will show. Your editor was talking with an alumna 
of some years standing who did not know that the Indianapolis conven- 
tion had made the issue of these letters compulsory. With evident pride 
she told how enterprising her chapter, one in the middle West, had been; 
how the girls had issued a letter to the alumnae giving an account of 
their life, their work, and their plans, and stating further that it was 
their intention to issue similar letters annually. "And do you know," 
continued this alumna, "I haven't been back to college for seven years 
but I am going this commencement to see the girls, and if they need it, 
I am going to double my. subscription to the chapter house." and she did. 
Delta of Sigma Nu: 

August — "Introspection." A. F. Krippen. 

We quote a few lines from this helpful article: 

Quite recently a rival fraternity man said to me, "The sooner our 
college fraternities adopt, among other things, a policy that aims at the 
graduation of their men, and one that fosters a spirit of dignified demo- 
cracy, the sooner will they be accorded a more cordial welcome into our 
system of higher education." This appeals to me as the very essence of 
an important and far-reaching truth. The business man of today who 
employs the college man will ask, essentially, three questions — "What has 



36 ALPHA XI DELTA 

been your experience?" "Which school are you from" and "Did you fm- 
ishf" He desires to know if the applicant for a position has the strenqstb 
and ability to stick to a task once begua Here, then, is an opportunity for 
the chapter to be of practical value to the individual by exercising over 
him an influence that will keep him in school as an average student or 
better. H this influence begins to work on the man from the day of his 
initiation and continues throughout his first two years as a student he will 
have learned its helpfulness and so sedc to perpetuate the system of chapter 
surveillance over its members. In some colleges we already have this 
scheme of chapter examination into the work of the individual members 
with a result that :s wholesome and valuable when properly operated. It 
is useless, however, when merely recorded in minutes, then stored away 
with musty records in the chapter archives for the amusement of fttture 
generations. 

Another important feature that comes properly within the scope of 
chapter activity in improving its standing is the social attitude of its 
members. No chapter can expect to be first among its strongest rivals un- 
less its members are in harmony with the progressive spirit of the school 
wherein it is located. Too much stress cannot be laid upon the fostering 
of a spirit of genuine loyalty to one's Alma Mater, for it is due directly 
to faculties and governing boards that the fraternity is permitted to exist' 
a condition too frequently lost to view when some petty difference creeps 
in and creates contending factions. Not only should this spirit of fervent 
college loyalty prevail among fraternity men, but there should be further- 
more, that "dignified democracy" already mentioned. Meet the rival fra- 
ternity man with a hearty hand-clasp and a greeting that denotes good 
fellowship, meet the non-fraternity man in the same friendly, congenial 
fashion, show each one that a Sigma Nu is a gentleman, backed by prin- 
ciples that make for a sterling manhood. 

Criteria for Expension: 

**A fraternity is like a nationality in that it must always be developingi 
strengthening and maturing, or else its course is one of departing life 
and energy, a fading away of its once inspiring character into weakness 
and oblivion." 

"Sigma Kappa Triangle:" 

June — ^"Life Among the Girls at Brown." Sigma Kappa has established 
her Kappa chapter at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island. 

The Delta Upsilon Quarterlys 

September — ^I'his number announces the Seventy-fourth convention to 
be held at Swathmore, beginning October 22. 



EXCHANGES 37 

rom an Editorial: 

"Dozens of men come to mind, men who were 8na|>ped up by fraterni- 
ra without a moment's hesitation and in many cases the recipient of in- 
lUtions from a dozen different societies. The type is so common as al* 
tost to need no description. He is the man of modish clothes, spending 
ic wealth of others, not above cribbing to squeeze through an examina- 
on, a scoflfer at religion and the serious things of life, one who would 
J>el a protest against gambling at cards in the chapter house as "damned 
. M. C A. notions" — a pygmy in mind and disposition. 

As between these two men, our present system of rushing is con- 
»sedly in favor of the latter. There is no time to study personalities, to 
robe weakness and vice, and to learn of nobility of character and purpose, 
uperficiality and the dangerous recommendation of "family" are the 
ait at which our over-zealous chapters snap with avidity. A reform In 
tethod is bound to come sooner or later, either through pan-hellenic co- 
peration, or through a coming to their senses of the different chapters. 

"May we not look to the undergraduates of Delta Upsilon to take the 
ad? Would it cripple your chapter hopelessly if you took in not one new 
tember this year? Or do you need the deceit of the rushing glamour to 
iring your man? Can you stand to be probed as well as to probe? If so, 
ound the first note in a movement against this senseless way of pledging 
ew men." 

'*he Record of Sigma Alpha Epsilon: 

September — The following editorial brings good thoughts for the be- 
inning of the college year: 

"The futility of 'crying over spilt milk' is proverbial but it is wise 
Iways to profit by the lessons of experience and among these, perhaps, 
lot one is driven home with such force as is that one which comes from 
he consciousness of a lost opportunity. We look back upon thwarted 
lans and blasted hopes, realizing how indifferent we have been to our ad" 
antages, how heedless of the advice of those wiser than we, who told us 
ime after time that some day each one of us would have his chance and 
bat then it would behoove him to be ready. 

The just criticism of college men is inspired by the performance of 
hose who went to college without a purpose and who, instead of apply- 
og themselves, cultivated idle habits with the idea that the future would 
ake care of itself. Sad indeed is the plight of these men when suddenly 
brown on their own resources, but sadder still is the plight of the man 
vho has kept his nose in his book throughout his college career, without 
I taste for the wholesome broadening influence that comes from associa- 
ion with one's fellows. 

The college man who realizes his opportunities will keep a fixed pur- 
pote before him; he will be faithful to his work, still susceptible to the 



38 ALPHA XI DELTA 

charm of agreeable companionship. After he starts out for himself* he 
will win his way first by his personality and later by his ability, and the 
sooner he accepts hard, earnest work as what counts, believing that 
"There is but one philosophy and its name is fortitude," the sooner will 
he achieve success." 

These lines couple with the following poem by John James Ingalls is 
The Delta of Sigma Nu: 

OPPORTUNITY. 

Master of human destines am I! 

Fame, love and forttme on my footsteps wait 
Cities and fields I walk; I penetrate 

Deserts and seas remote, and passing by 
Hovel and mart, and palace — soon or late, 

I knock unbidden once at every gate! 

If sleeping, wake — if feasting — ^rise before 

I turn away! It is the hour of fate! 
And they who follow me, reach every state 

Mortals desire, and conquer every foe 
Save death, but those who doubt or hesitate, 

Condemned to failure, penury and woe 
Seek me in vain and uselessly implore. 

I answer not, and I return no more. 

The Desmos of Delta Sigma Delta: 
August — 

The Mask of Kappa Psi: 
July — 

The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi: 
August — 

The Garnet and White: 
September — 

The Alpha Tau Omega Palm: 
September — 

The Phi Chi Fraternity Quarterly: 
July — 

The Lyre: 
July — 

The Alpha Phi Quarterly : 

July — The convention of 1908 is considered in this number from busi- 
ness and social standpoints. -An interesting article on "Frances £. WillanT* 



EXCHANGES 39 

Dontains the following paragraphs concerning Miss Willard's relationship 
with Alpha Phi — and the facts, by the way, justify any amount of Alpha 
Phi pride in them: 

''Early in her career of a public speaker. Miss Willard went to Syra- 
cuse to lecture. Some of the Alpha Phis of Alpha Chapter conceived the 
idea of inviting Miss Willard to become a member of the fraternity, for 
they felt that her membership would be a great honor to the society. 
She was a college graduate, and they saw no reason why they should not 
initiate her, were she willing. When the proposition was made known to 
Miss Willard, she consented and was regularly initiated into Alpha Chap- 
ter, which was then the only chapter of Alpha Phi in existence. She was 
an honorary member only in the sense that she was initiated after she had 
graduated and was never connected with any chapter as an active mem- 
ber. Although initiated into Alpha Chapter, she was more closely con- 
nected with Beta Chapter on account of her residence in Evanston. 

On several occasions she attended Beta Chapter meetings and was 
always ready to speak a good word for Alpha Phi. Miss Ruth Terry, 
Beta, '91, to whom I am indebted for information regarding Miss Willard's 
connection with Alpha Phi,, has in her possession an old group picture of 
Beta Chapter taken about 1887 or 1888, in which Miss Willard occupies 
the position of honor in the center of the group. Shortly before her 
death she had her pew in the First Methodist church of Evanston re- 
served for the use of the Alpha Phi girls in her absence." 



ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



Delta Delta Delta announces the establishment of Delta Alpha Chapter 
at De Pau University, Greencastle, Indiana, June eighth, nineteen htuidred 
and eight. 

The Arch Chapter of the Delta Tau Delta fraternity announces the in- 
stallation of the Gamma Mu at the University of Washington, Seattle, 
"Washington, on Wednesday, June the seventeenth, nineteen hundred and 
eight 

Alpha Chi Omega announces the establishment of Omicron Chapter at 
Baker University, Baldwin, Kansas, September the sixteenth, nineteen hun- 
dred and eight 



(KU^apt^r lattttB 



ALPHA. 

Greetings for the New School Year: 

September first found Alpha Chapter with only five active members 
back at Lombard. Two of our old girls, Mabel Irwin and Mima Hughes, 
who were unable to come for all year, were with us during the opening 
weeks of school. With their help, the end of the rushing season found 
us with six new pledges of whom we are very proud. 

Miss Hortense Stebbins of Stoughton, Wis., Miss Gladys Partridge of 
Pecatonia, III., and Miss Phylis Jones of Galesburg, 111., were pledged to 
Alpha Xi Delta September the tertth. Miss Margaret Barrett of Buda, 111., 
Miss Amy Cole of Williamsfield, 111., and Miss Myrtle Landon of Rio, 111., 
were pledged Thursday evening, September 17. 

On the afternoon of September 3, the Alpha girls were hostesses at a 
reception given to the new girls at the home of Francis Richey, 817 Beechcr 
Avenue. 

Mrs. Harriet B. Dudley charmingly entertained for the new girls at 
Lombard and the Alpha girls, Tuesday evening, September i. 

Two of our patronesses, Mrs. Bertha Davis Taggart and Mrs. F. S. 
Bartlett, gave a delightful reception to the new girls September 7. 

All of our girls report an enjoyable time during the summer vaca- 
tion and came back eager and ready for the rushing season. 

Mabel Hendel. 



BETA. 

Dear Sisters: 

Beta Chapter sends cordial greetings and best wishes for a successful 
year to all chapters. 

College opened at Wesleyan September fifteenth with the largest en- 
rollment in the history of the school. The Freshman class is especially 
large and "frat." material is plentiful. Accordingly the rushing season 
is on and strenuous life has begun. By the Pan-Hellenic agreement, our 
pledge day is not until the Saturday before Thanksgiving, so we have as 
yet no new pledges to announce, but our hopes are high and our pros- 
pects encouraging. We look forward to a most enthusiastic and successful 
pledge day. 

One of our rushing ''stunts" was a spread at the home of May Johnson. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 41 

The evening was delightfully informal and we had a good opportunity 
to get acquainted with the new girls. 

On Saturday, September 26, Beta gave its annual Fall Reception at 
the home of Mrs. Withrow, a patroness of the chapter. About seventy- 
five guests were present and they were received by Judge and Mrs. Withrow, 
Mabel Duncan and Leroy Cholson, Beta Theta Pi, Elva Patts and Ray Ten- 
nant. Phi Delta Theta, 

It was the first formal event of the season given by any of the 
fraternities and it proved a great success. The singing of Mrs. Applegate, 
a patroness, was a delightful feature of the evening. The following two- 
course menu was served: 

Nut Sandwiches Chicken Salad 

Pickle Jelly Olives 

Lemon Ice 



Brick Ice Cream in Colors 
White Cake Spiced Cake 

Mints Coffee 

The chapter and a number of invited guests were delightfully enter- 
tained by Mrs. Applegate recently. Her home being some distance from 
town, the party was conveyed in automobiles and a merry party it was 
indeed. A most appetizing luncheon was served by the hostess and a jolly 
time was had in singing college and Alpha songs. 
Here's to successful pledge days for all chapters! 

Fraternally, 

Mabel L. Duncan. 



G\UUK. 

Dear Sisters: 

College opened with seven of the old girls back ready for the many 
duties which they knew were awaiting them. 

Dr. Albert Riker, President of Mt. Union during the past ten years 
has resigned and will re-enter the ministry. Dr. Kiker and his family will 
be greatly missed in college circles and Alpha Xi Delta sincerely regrets 
the departure of Marie Riker. 

A successor to Dr. Riker has been chosen in the person of Rev. W. H. 
McMaster of the Embury Methodist church, Brooklyn, N. Y. Mr. Mc- 
Master is an alumnus of Mt. Union and will receive a warm welcome from 
bis Alma Mater when he assumes his new duties. 



42 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Gamma's rushing season, though brief, was highly satisfactory in itr^ 
results and we take pleasure in introducing five prospective Alphas: Jesst^ 
Garman, Nita Hessen, Lillian Moore, Maude Grove and Bessie Senoui 
We expect to increase our number still further next term. 

On Wednesday evening, September twenty-third, we held an informa — .^^ 
reception at the house for the faculty, fraternities and other friends. It i^=^Js 
our intention to be at home to our friends one evening each month durin^^^^ 
the year. We have entertained informally a number of times during th^^- mt 
term and are much indebted to our alumnae for the interest they hav^» ^^e 
manifested in our plans and for the loyal assistance which they hav^ ^^re 
rendered. 

Gamma sends heartiest greetings to her sister chapters. 

K. Olive Bracket, 'og. 




DELTA. 

Dear Sisters: 

Nine Delta girls came back this fall filled with enthusiastic plans foi 
rushing and great hopes for a happy and prosperous year. 

We all thoroughly enjoyed a short visit from Sisters Nan and Emil 
Roberts of Carnegie, Pa., the first week of schooL 

Five of our girls, Catherine Petty, Mary Gentry Comett, Edith Mercer 
Dollye Houston and Ina Mercer did not return, and we miss them vei 
much. 

Every girl is earnest' in her desire that this shall be the best year 
Delta has ever enjoyed. 

Our rushing season was a grand success. We succeeded in pledging 
eight of the best girls in school: Effie Griflfith, '09, Alice Stevenson, 'op, -^^ 
Garda Bachell, '10, Mildred Stewart, '12, Juanita Greer, '10, Hazel Mercer, -^' 
'11, Hazel Hannah, '11, and Fern Hannah, '11. 

They wore the colors first, Thursday, Oct, i, in honor of which we ^ 
were royally entertained at the home of Mrs. Lewis. We all voted it one of 
the best times we have ever had. 

It is sad to think that some of our number will graduate this year, 
but we realize that school days can't last forever and our girls will be out 
in the world helping to honor Alpha Xi Delta. 

The college is in a splendid condition, a good faculty and the enroll- 
ment is larger than it has ever been before at the beginning of the year. 

Our patroness, Mrs. Blair Miller helps us in many ways. She is to 
entertain in honor of our pledges soon. 

We feel strengthened by our new pledges and can hardly wait until we 
are all sisters in Alpha Xi Delta. Wishing you all the success in the world, 
I am. Fraternally yours, 

Jessie A, Smith. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 43 

EPSILON. 
Dear Sisters: 

Our girls returning this year have been telling us what a good time 
they had at the house party at Lake Kampeska this summer. The Misses 
Tarbell and Miss Sweet visited in Clear Lake after the breaking up of 
the camp. Several entertainments were given there in their honor, includ- 
ing a breakfast by the Misses Sanborn, and a fanciful "track meet'' by the 
Misses Marquis, at the home of their father, Judge G. H. Marquis. 

We have all been very busy since school opened, with our rushing sea- 
son, which comes at the first of the school year. We had only one local to 
contend with this year as the other which has existed for the past three 
years, disbanded last spring. Picnics and spreads formed part of our 
rushing entertainments. 

We are proud to announce the names of our new pledges: Marguerite 
Sheldon, Bella Parmalee, Lillian Ellis, Violet Marquis and Florence 
Williams. 

As soon as we announced our pledges, we entertained them at an in- 
formal party at Julia Sweet's. The j oiliest time we have had, however, 
was a chafing dish spread which we had one night after our regular busi- 
ness meeting. The pledges did all the work and we can recommend them to 
anyone who desires a cook. 

Mary A. Nichols. 



ZETA. 
Dear Sisters: 

College has begun again, bringing its many responsibilities and pleasures 
18 well. With the opening of the new Carnegie Science Hall, at Witten- 
berg, this year, the increase in attendance is very marked. Femdiff Hall, 
the girls' dormitory, is well filled and sorority material is consequently 
abundant. 

Zeta began the year with eight old girls to take up the responsibilities 
which the fall term always brings.. Now we are proud to introduce to yoti 
seven new pledges: Bertha Schuhardt, a Junior of Findley, O., Hortense 
Miller, Mansfield, O., Gertrude and Helen Keller, Bellefont^ine, Eva Gar- 
▼er, Rockford, 111., Katherine Greenawalt, city, and Manth Lowery, also of 
the city, whom we pledged at the close of last year. 

Zeta can boast of something which we are sure no other chapter has — 
twins — Helen and Gertrude Keller. 

The annual reception for new students, given by the Y. M. and Y. W. 
C A. was held September i8th. 

The fraternities have been very busy with their rushing. Beta Theta 
Pi gave a formal reception to the faculty, fraternities and sororities, in 



44 ALPHA XI DELTA 

their new home, which was beautifully decorated in golden rod, penants 
and banners. 

Zeta entertained informally with a tea at Lillian Seybold's on Sept 
loth, and shortly afterwards we entertained several girls at Clara Dom- 
blaser's home. 

We have heard through our circular letter that several of Zeta's 
alumnae are coming here for Thanksgiving. This is the time for Zeta's 
annual reunion and we are looking forward eagerly to this meeting with 
our sisters. With best wishes for each and every chapter. 

Zeta Chapter of Alpha Xi Delta. 



ETA. 
Dear Alpha Sisters: 

We send to you the heartiest greetings and best wishes from Eta for 
this new year. We hope you may all be successful in every way and that 
every Alpha Xi Delta may grow in truth and uprightness of heart. 

Here in Syracuse, we are all working hard. Our rushing is almost 
over and we have been unusually fortunate in our Freshmen girls this 
year. We have seven pledges, every one worthy of even Alpha Xi Delta 
and we are happy to introduce Miss Evangeline Chadboume of Syracuse, 
N. Y., Miss Louise Leonard and Miss Lisle Leonard of Troy, Pa., Miss 
Ethel Baldwin of Elmira, N. Y., Miss Florence Long of Fleming^on, Pa., 
Miss Katherine Harris of Cato, N. Y., and Miss Ruhama Denton, of Silver 
Springs, N. Y. 

We have had a round of simple rushing parties at the chapter house, 
thinking we would get better acquainted with the new girls than if we 
had had a few formal affairs. 

Cecile Horton-Austin entertained us very prettily at her cozy home 
on Bellevue Avenue a week ago. She took us on an imaginary trolley 
ride first, making us guess the streets we passed by questions pinned 
around on the walls. After that we went to the dining room which was 
arranged to represent Coney Island. The table was covered with me- 
chanical toys representing people swinging, riding on Ferris wheels, etc, 
while in the center of the table was a miniature lake with small boats float- 
ing about on it. A music box was kept going all the time, which added a 
great deal to our pleasure. We were served with a regular "Coney lunch — 
imitation chowder, rolls with "hot dogs" between them and ice cream 
cones. Afterwards we went to the animal shows in which each one of 
us acted out an animal for the rest to guess. 

One Saturday afternoon we had a delightful tally-ho ride. There 
were about twenty of us and we drove to Fiddler's Green, a pretty place 
near Jamesville. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 45 

We are now looking forward to our initiation and banquet at the 
end of this month and are in hopes many of our alumnae may be present 
to enjoy them with us. 

Helen Truair. 



THETA. 

Dear Alpha Sisters: 

Theta Chapter wishes each and every chapter a successful and happy 
year. Varsity opened October i, and we found that Theta was so fortu- 
nate as to have fourteen members back and four pledges. 

For rushing we gave a theater party, taking the girls to see "The Top 
O' th* World." The town girls presented a farce the first evening we 
were back, and it was very cleverly performed. Besides these two affairs 
we entertained our rushees at a picnic, and a driving party. Later our 
pledges were given a dinner party. 

This year all the Freshmen boys had to wear green stamp caps with 
red buttons and when they met upper classmen, the latter would say: 
"Caps off. Freshman — thank you; now put them on, press the button and 
whistle," all of which caused much amusement for every one but the 
Freshmen concerned. 

The rush which came off October 8, was very unexciting. The object 
is to see which class can put the greatest number of the other class into 
Lake Mendota. The day was so cold that after the Sophs had ducked a 
Freshman they would pull him out and the Freshmen did the same by 
the Sophomore. 

Saturday evening, October 17, is the date set for the All-University 
reception, an annual affair, the object of which, is of course, to have the 
students become acquainted with some of their fellow students. 

Wisconsin won the Lawrence-Wisconsin football game by a score of 
35-0. Everyone is looking forward to the Chicago- Wisconsin game which 
is to be played here November 21, as it is the first game we have had 
with Chicago for several years. 

Dean Cora Woodward has become Mistress of Chadbourne Hall this 
year. 

Frances Alters. 



KAPPA. 

Dear- Sisters in Alpha Xi Delta : 

Kappa is in the midst of the most strenuous rushing season of her 
existance. There are just three more days of it before pledge day and 



46 ALPHA XI DELTA 

we hope to have a number of new members to announce in the next issue 
of the Journal. We have eleven members back in school and three town 
alumnae, who will remain active during the year. We take pleasure in 
announcing Ivalon Branch, Eula English and Inez English as our first 
pledges of the year. 

Mrs. Garner gave a small dancing party in honor of Kappa's rushers, 
the evening of October 2. The guests were taken to the chapter house 
at the close of the evening to a slumber party. The next day Mrs. Rankin 
entertained us at a card party and in the evening the upper classmen 
took the Freshmen to the annual Y. M. C. A. reception. You can see by 
this short sketch from our program how we are improving the precious 
moments of the season. 

Next Friday evening we will formally open our new chapter house 
with a dance, at which thirty couples will be present, and the rushing sea- 
son will thus be ended with a **grand flourish." 

Grace Spencer. 



LAMBDA. 

Dear Sisters: 

Lambda sends hearty greetings and best wishes for a successful year. 

During the vacation we Lambdas have kept in close touch with each 
other by means of the "Round Robin," a series of letters. 

The loss of our five '08 girls has left us with only twelve active mem- 
bers, but we are active in every sense of the word. 

We have been unusually busy with rushing this year, owing to the fact 
that we are bound by the Pan-Hellenic rules not to pledge before October 
the fifteenth, a month from Regfistration day. 

Several of the girls have held spreads for the Freshmen in their 
rooms, and the alumnae girls who live near have been very generous in 
giving teas and entertaining in various ways. 

One big rush party, which was held at the beautiful home of Annie 
R. McCoy, was a great success. Unique games were played and Miriam 
S. Carleton, '08, sang. An elaborate spread was the main feature. 

This year the Senior class elected Annie R. McCoy on the C!c«ssday 
committee, and Ethel Aiken was elected on the Executive committee. 
Ala L. Smith was re-elected secretary of the Junior class, and Andrey L^ 
Duffey is vice-president of the Sophomore class. 

We ;«re glad to welcome back Estella E. Butterfield, who, on account 
of her mother's death, was obliged to leave us last year. 

Fraternally, 

Elsie May Chandler. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 47 

MU. 

Dear Sisterss 

With the dawn of another September Mu chapter feels keenly the 
loss of the June graduates. They have left us in a somewhat weakened 
condition, as at present we number but ten active members. Seven of 
these are old girls, however, and for this we are particularly thankful. 
We feel that our deficiency in numbers is well balanced by a hearty en- 
thusiasm which will aid us in carrying on the work of Alpha Xi Delta.. 

Mu chapter has every hope of prosperity for the coming year and our 
material aims so far have culminated in a new chapter room. We secured 
the room formally occupied by Kappa Kappa Gamma, when their in- 
creasing numbers demanded more space. The room is gradually assuming 
a cozy and comfortable air and is a source of great pleasure and satis- 
faction to the girls. Thru the kindness and generosity of Georgia Belle 
Elwell, Mu chapter was presented with a mission desk. Each of the girls 
donated a framed picture or a piece of bric-a-brac, so that we now feel 
that Mu chapter has a real home. 

The Cane rush between the Sophomores and Freshmen, September 23, 
'08, was legalized by President Northrup this year. The Sophomores were 
the victors amid great excitement. 

September 30, '08, was an occasion for Minnesota to celebrate, for it 
marked the 74th birthday of President Northrup, also his 47th wedding 
anniversary, and his 24th year as president of the institution. The stud- 
ents met in a body in chapel, where the president of the Senior class con- 
ducted the program of the day. 

Mu chapter sends to all her Alpha Xi Delta sisters, best wishes and 
hopes for a prosperous year. 

Leila F. MacDermott. 



NU. 

Dear Alpha Xi Delta Sisters: 

Nu chapter sends greetings to all her Alpha sisters and wishes them 
a happy and prosperous year. After a very pleasant vacation, our girls 
are back at work again, and are hoping to make this year an excellent 
one in every respect. 

The first week in July we had a very pleasant evening at the home of 
Ethel Latham^ at Alki Point, in honor of Mrs. Lynch, nee MacNamara, 
who was married in June. 

Adelaide Fischer entertained with a luncheon at her home in honor 
of Frances Sanborne just before her departure for Boston, where she 
was married on September 5, to Mr. R. Wilson. About fifteen of the 



4S ALPHA XI DELTA 

girls were present and presented the bride-to-be with a set of Alpha Xi 
Delta spoons. 

Summer rushing is prohibited by the local Pan-Hellenic, but a girl 
can be pledged as soon as she is registered. For these reasons the first 
week of school is a very busy one in the Greek world at Washington. 
The programme for Alpha Xi Delta for that week was as follows: Mon- 
day, September 24, luncheon at the chapter house, covers laid for twenty. 
Giafing dish party in the evening, also at the house. Tuesday, tea in the 
afternoon and informal dance at the house in the evening. Wednesday, 
box party to the matinee at the Grand Opera House. Thursday, card party 
at the home of Alice Murchison on Capitol Hill. Friday, formal Lavendar 
dinner party at the chapter house. Covers were laid for thirty. Satur- 
day, breakfast at the home of Marion Wrigley, Alpha, on Queen Anne 
Hill. 

Nu is to be congratulated on having pledged five lovely Freshman 
girls, who, owing to the new faculty ruling, cannot be initiated until the 
second Semester, but who, we are sure, will develop into excellent Alpha 
girls. 

Lela K. Parker, 



XI. 

Dear Sisters: 

Xi chapter takes this opportunity to express to all Alpha sisters her 
sincere appreciation of their hearty messages of welcome. Don't think for 
an instant that because they came to us along with all the other "good 
things," they were not appreciated. 

Jane Wanless, *o8, who was ill at the time of our installation, came 
to Lexington, Thursday, the twenty-fourth of September, to make us a 
visit and be initiated into the mysteries of Alpha Xi Delta. She was ini- 
tiated Saturday night, September twenty-sixth. After the initiation we 
entertained for her with an informal "spread." 

Since our installation we have been very busy rushing. We have 
given several informal rushing parties, the most pretentious of these was 
a hayride to Russel Cave and a visit to "Camp Augustus E. Wilson." 

Three weeks ago Xi began her campaign in earnest and as a gratifying 
result we are able to report four pledges, Edwin Porch, '12, Somerset, 
Kentucky; Helen Dickey, *I2, Rich wood, Kentucky; Iva Belle Boreing, '11, 
London, Kentucky, and Lenora Barnar, '12, Barboursville, Kentucky. They 
are splendid girls and we believe we have every reason to congratulate 
ourselves. 

Lida Jones. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 49 

BOSTON ALUMNAE. 

Dear Girls: 

Boston Alumnae has been very inactive since the last letter to you. 
Of course, it is to be expected, as we discontinue our meetings during the 
summer months, and we are so widely separated, it is hard to see one 
another. 

Our first meeting for the season usually comes the last Saturday of 
September, but we could not meet this time, because Lambda's rush party 
to the girls of the Freshman class came on that evening. As many of 
the alumnae as can, are always glad to avail ourselves of that opportunity 
to meet the new girls on the Hill, and to form some idea as to which of 
them we would like Lambda to invite to become our sisters. 

We are pleased that this year two of our girls are teaching much 
nearer Boston than they were before. Ella Bowker, '05, is teaching in 
Rockland and Georgiana Clark, '04, in North Abington, Mass. They can 
now attend our alumnae meetings. 

We shall meet in October with Betsey Harmon- Lowe, '04. 

Boston Alumnae wishes each Alpha Xi Delta sister a happy and pros- 
perous year. 

Laila Campbell Nye. 



EttgaQ^ttiftttH 



ETA. 

The engagement of Lena G. Baldwin, '06, to Mr. Ernest F. Fox, Cor- 
nell, '05, has been announced. 

The engagement of Nan Prussia, '06, to Mr. James Harvey Payne of 
Wilmington, N. C, was recently announced. 

Theta. 

Theta announces the engagement of Mary McRae, '06, to Dr. Richards 
of Rhinelander, Wis. 



Mamugj^B 



Alpha. 

The marriage of Miss uertrude Rich, of Galesburg, Illinois, to Mr. 
Charles Justus Simmons, of Stockton, Illinois, occurred in Los Angeles, 
August 19th. 

Beta. 

Mildred Brady, '08, was married to Mr. Herbert C. Mershon, Beta Theta 
Pi, on September 3, 1908. 

GatntHa. 

August 20th, Anna Laura Jones, '05, to Lawrence E. Yaggi, Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon, W. R. U. '05; and Elsie M. Jones, *o6, to Carl Leroy Stooksbury, 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Mt. Union, '06. 

September i6th, Alice Pearl Motz, ex-*io, to Mr. Arthur Miller. 

October 21st, Grace Louise Newhouse, *oi, of Louisville, Ohio, to Dr. 
Henry K. Yaggi, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, W. R. U., '06. of Cleveland. Ohio. 

October 21, Blanche May Wadsworth, ex-*07, to Mr. Arthur Morris, 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Mt. Union '05, W. R. U. *o8, at Alliance, Ohio. 



ENGAGEMENTS, MARRIAGES, BIRTHS 51 

Epsilon. 

Miss Genevive May Ochsner was united in marriage to Mr. Fred 
Griswold, on October fourteenth, at the bride's home in Kimball, South 
Dakota. 

Zeta. 

Sylvia Maude Bushey to Mr. Norman Noel Ruckman on September 
i6th, at Shiloh, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Ruckman are now living at Mt 
Gilead, Ohio. 

Eta. 

Gertrude Wright, '06, to Mr. James Elmer Gilmour, Delta Upsilon, 
Union, on August 12. 

Laura Myers, ex-09, to Mr. S. Arthur Davenport on September 8. 

Margaret Chamber layne, ex-' 10, to Mr. William H. Alderman, Cornell, 
'C7, on September 23. 

Nu, 

Frances Sanborne to Mr. R. Wilson, Alpha Tau Omega, in Boston, 
September 5. 

Rosalie MacNamara to Mr. John Lynch, June 30. 



Strtlra 



Gamma, 



Bom to Dr. and Mrs. Wilbur Holtz (Fern Fogle, '99) a daughter, 
Elizabeth Fern, on August second, Pittsburg; Pa. 

Eta. 

A son, Edwin, was born to Mr. and Mrs. George Hastings (Susie 
Cottch), at Yonkers, N. Y., on September 24. 

Lambda. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Horace W. Fernald, (Anadine Hoyt), a 
daughter, in August 



P^raonala 



ALPHA. 

Miss Flor«ace Innes is teaching school near Bardolf, Illinois, this 
winter. 

Miss Alleen Thompson has gone for a visit among relatives and 
friends at Springfield, Illinois. 

Miss Grace Cook is teaching in the High school at Benton Harbor, 
Michigan. 

Mrs. Edna Epperson-Brinkman of Chicago, visited relatives and 
friends in Rio and Galesburg. 

The wedding of Miss Gertrude Rich to Mr. Charles Justus Simmons 
occurred at Los Angeles, Aug. 19. Miss Beth Nash, Lambda, acted as brides- 
maid and Willis H. Rich, brother of the bride, stood with the groom. 
The Rev. Dr. C. Ellwood Nash of the Universalist church, performed the 
ceremony. The young couple will reside in Stockton, 111. 

Bessie, the little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Orrin Evans, of Mon- 
mouth, died suddenly of diphtheria, September 8th. 

Miss Florence Kober returned from her trip abroad September 2nd. 



BETA. 

Peryl Mathews of Winfield, visited the chapter a few days recently 
and attended the annual Fall Reception. We were very glad to have her 
with us ag^in. 

Elna Patts and Effie Peden, two former pledges, are at Wesleyan 
again this year. 

The wedding of Mildred Brady, one of our last year's Seniors, to 
Mr. Herbert C. Mershan, occurred at her home in Richland, September 
3rd. It was a very quiet home wedding, only the immediate relatives 
being present. Mr. and Mrs. Mershan are now living in Chicago, where 
the former has a splendid position. 

Helen Coe, who was graduated from Wesleyan last year, is teaching 
in the Muscatine schools. 

Myrtle Lauer will spend the year studying music in Chicago. 

Maud Maiken has gone with Luella Hightshae to Sturgis, S. D., where 
they both have positions in the High school. 

Ina Duncan has returned to Toledo where she teaches English in 
the High school. 

Elizabeth Lauer spent a few days with us lately and attended the 
reception. 



PERSONALS 53 

GAMMA. 

Marie Riker, 'ii, has entered Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, 
)hio. 

Mabel Hartzell, *o5, is visiting at Qiattanooga, Tenn. 

Elois Patton-McKnight visited friends in Alliance, and attended the 
/adsworth-Morris wedding. 

Grace Darrow, '05, has returned to Pueblo, Colo., and resumed hef 
Dsition in the High school. 

Nancy Copeland is teachi»\g at Newton Falls this year, but expects to 
jturn to Mt. Union next year. 

Lucille Strong, '08, is teaching Mathematics and Latin in the High 
:hool at Columbiana, Ohio. 

Mabel R. Heckler was awarded the Harley Stamp prize in German at 
le Commencement exercises in June. 

Mary and Olive Bracher were at Oberlin, O., Saturday, October 24, 
) see the Oberlin-Case football game. 



EPSILON. 

Qara Salmer has returned from Norway where she spent the 
nmmer. 

Grace Sanborn has caught the "claim" fever and has gone out West 
live. For diversion she expects to teach a neighboring school. 

Helen Frasee is tutor in pianoforte ensemble this year. 

Margaret Miller paid us a short visit last week. She reports a very 
ileasant experience in her teaching thus far. 

Alice Brenne is teaching in Sioux City again this year. 



ZETA. 

Elizabeth Sudhoff is a Sophomore at Earllham, this year. 

Lois Miller is attending the University of Louisville at her home. 



ETA. 

Miss Elizabeth Loetzer is teaching this year at Sayre, N. Y. 

Miss Lucile Thornton, '10, has had to remain at home this year on 
account of her health. We hope to see her back next year. 

On August twelfth, nineteen hundred and eight occurred the mar- 
riage of Gertrude E. Wright to Elmer Gilmour. The bride is a graduate 



54 ALPHA XI DELTA 

of Syracuse University in the class of 1906, and is a member of Alpha Xi 
Delta. Mr. Gilmour attended Union College and is a member of Deltm 
Upsilon. Eta girls present at the wedding were Eva Elliott, L<eila £y- 
samen, Louise Hopkins and Hazel Algie Bailey. Mr. and Mrs. Gilmoar 
are living in Bradford, Pa. 

Another of Eta's girls, Laura Myers, ex-'op, was married on the 
eighth of September, at her home in Kingston, Pa., to Mr. S. Arthur 
Davenport Besides the bride, there were only two other Eta girls pres- 
ent, Miss Lucy Graham and Miss Mirand Myers, one of the bridesmaids. 
Mr. and Mrs. Davenport went to the New England States on their wed- 
ding trip. They are now at home to their friends at 50 Jeanette St., Ply- 
mouth, Pa. 

Miss Theresa Loben, '05, is teaching in the Syracuse High schooL 

Miss Edith Wame, ex-'og, has been traveling extensively in Europe 
during the summer with her mother. Her father. Bishop Wame of India, 
will join them this fall and they will all go to their home in Lochnow, 
India. Edith does not intend to return to this country for eight jrears, 
and we shall miss her so much. 

Margaret Giamberlayne, an Alpha Xi Delta in the class of 1910, was 
married on September twenty-third, to Mr. William H. Alderman, Cornell, 
'08. The ceremony was performed by the bride's father. Rev. D. O. Cham* 
berlayne, in the church of which he is the pastor, at Osceola, Pa. Of the 
six bridesmaids, two were Eta girls, Lena Baldwin and Lucille Thornton. 
Martha Hutchings-McKean was the only other Alpha Xi Delta present 
Following the ceremony, a reception was held at the bride's home. Mr. aiKt 
Mrs. Alderman went via the Great Lakes to the West on their wedding 
journey, and since their return, have been living in Geneva, N. Y. 



THETA. 

Louise Erb, '08, is teaching Latin and German in the Phillips (Wiscoo 
sin) High School. » 

Florence Simon, who is teaching History at Poynette Academy, spent 
a Sunday with us recently. 

Nell Angell, '07, Elizabeth Erb, '07, and Lenore Henderson, '06, have 
all sjient a week end with us since our return. 

L'na Reardon and Florence McKae, both of Rhinelander, Wis., who 
M'ere at Milwaukee Downer College last year, have returned to the Varsity 
for their Junior year. 

Ruth Strong of Lake Mills, who has been out of the Varsity for two 
years on account of her mother's illness, has resumed her work here 
this year. 

Monday evening, October 12, we initiated three fine girls. Patsy Chavc; 



PERSONALS 55 

a Freshman from Tomahawk, Wis., Leora Vail, a Junior, from Benton, 
Wis., and Agnes Davis, a Freshman, from Madison. 

Molly Wright, a pledge, is not able to take work "on the hill" this 
year because of the poor health of her mother. 

Miss Field, our chaperone, is with us again after having spent a very 
pleasant vacation abroad. 

We have our chapter house filled this year, which is very pleasant 
for all of us. 

Wine f rid Ryan spent Sunday with Florence Simon at Poynettc 
Academy. t 

Lulu Runge, '05, is with us taking post graduate work. 



KAPPA. 

Winifred Campbell, ex- '08, has charge of the History department in 
the Urlana High school. 

Iris Wood, ex-'o8, is employed in the biological survey at the Univer- 
sity of Illinois. 

Nellie Branch, '07, is teaching in the Port Byron public school. 

Marian Bell, '05, is working for her Doctor's Degree at Bryn Mawr. 

Eva Rule is taking a special gymnasium course at Macomt Normal 
school. 

Grace Spencer, *o8, received a scholarship in chemistry at the University 
of Illinois. 

Maud Willard, ex-*o8, is teaching Household Science in the Belvidere 
public school. 

Edenia Hunt, ex-'ii, is teaching Physical Training. 

Carrie Rule, '10, is secretary of the Pan-Hellenic this* yeStr. 

Gertrude Edbrook is recovering from a serious illness at a sanatarium 
in Chicago. 



LAMBDA. 

Alice Cumings, ex-'o5, is teaching German at Lindenhurst, Long Is- 
land, N. Y. 

Amy Richards, '08, is teaching in the High school at Hardwick, Vt 

Lena Abbe, '01, has a very fine position in the Fall River, Mass., 
High school. 

Miriam Carleton, '08, has entered the New England Conservatory of 
Music in Boston. 

Irene McCoy, '02, has been re-elected National Treasurer of the 
Daughters of Veterans. 



56 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Lucie Gardner, '97, toured the Eastern states with an orchestra last 
summer. She played at forty-four concerts. 



MU. 

The Alumnae of Mu are widely scattered. Fannie Gordineer is prin- 
cipal at the Caledonia, Minnesota, High school, Ella Halvorson is teaching 
in the High school at White Hall, Montana, Florence Jones is at Zum- 
brota, Minn., and Vinnie Hitchings at Mazeppa, Minn. 

Laura Benz is taking post graduate work at the University. 

Mina Schaetzel, Mary Shiely, Alice Melony and Elsie Lathrop are 
spending the year at home. 

Marjorie Thompson has entered a college at Ipsalantic, Michigan and 
is preparing herself for .a teacher of French, German and English. 

Georgia Elwell and Ruth McNamee are taking the Domestic Science 
course at the University of Minn. 

Nellie Cadwell is studying Elocution at North Western University. 



NU. 

Marion Wrigley of Alpha chapter has been a great inspiration to our 
girls here and since her return from a visit East in the early summer, has 
taken an active interest in all our plans. 

Myrtle Parr, '08, is :>cience teacher in the High school at Sunnyside, 
Wash. 

Alice Marchison, 09, has spent the past summer in Alaska. 

Mabel Spry, Beta, is taking work in the University this year. Nu 
certainly appreciates her enthusiastic interest in its affairs. 

May Chambers, '08, is teaching in the High school at Port Angeles, 
Wash. 

Dorothy Mason, *ii, spent the summer at "The Cedars," her summer 
home at Eagle Harbor. 

Madie Willimann, '07, is teaching again at Kirkland, Wash. 

Mae MacLochlan, '08, is assistant in Pharmacy at the University this 
winter. 

Frances Sanborn-Wilson, '08, is residing in Washington, D. C. 

Pearl Gilkey, '07, is teaching at Linden, Wash. 

Dorothy Drake, 'ri, enjoyed a summer at the sea coast, at her summer 
home on Vashon Island. 

Ethel Everett is instructing in the South Bellingham schi>ols this 
winter. 



PERSONALS 57 

Leia Parker, '09, spent a few weeks camping in the Olympics during the 
past summer. 

Rosalia MacNamara-Lynch is living in North Yakina, Wash. 

Lillian Esary, '10, is not in school this year, but is spending her time 
in La Conner, her home town. 

Olive Mueller, '10, has gone East for a pleasure trip through Colorado. 
She will return some time in November. 



NOTICE I 

THE EDITORIAL STAFF HAS ADOPTED 
A NEW POLICY. ACCORDING TO WHICH 
IF YOUR SUBSCRIPTION IS IN ARREARS 
THIS IS THE LAST NUMBER YOU WILL 
RECEIVE TILL YOU HAVE PAID THE 
ARREARAGES IN FULL TO DATE. 

CHAPTER CORRESPONDENTS AND ALL 
SUBSCRIBERS PLEASE SEND ALL ORDERS 
FOR THE ALPHA XI DELTA TO 

MISS DORA G. LOCKWOOD, 

PORTVILLE, 
CATTARAUGUS CO. N. Y. 



] 



ADVBRTISBMBNTS 



Cbe D. L nm t,mpm 

Manufacturing Jewelers, 
Columbus, - - Ohio. 

Makers of the official Alpha Xi Delta Badges. 
Send for Badge Novelty and Stationery 

Catalogue. 

S. F. DENNIS 
Manufacturer of 
HIGH GRADE ICE CREAM. 
316 South Clinton Street. Phone 189. 

IE PLACE TO WAIT FOR THE UNIVERSITY CAR 

HENRY MORRIS, FLORIST, 

3 EAST GENESEE STREET, SYRACUSE, N. Y. 

THE SYRACUSE TRUST COMPANY, 

University Building. 

354 % INTEREST ON DEPOSITS. 

Your Account is Solicited. 

We make a Specialty of College Footwear for Ladies, 

SCHUMACHER, BIG SHOE STORE 
215 Pusaking St, Madison, Wis. 

THE R. M. SCRANTON PRINTING CO., 

341 Main Street, ..Alliance, Ohio. 

Will promptly supply your needs in 

SOCIETY AND COLLEGE PRINTING. 

MAPSTONE BROS., 

Choice Groceries, Provisions, Meats, Fish, Fruits, 
Vegetables, Etc. Phone 1171. 

826 East Genesee Street, Cor. Irving, Syracuse, N. Y. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



S. C. Pinturff 
photographer 



Syracuse. 



ifei4 t/ork 



Zbe IRevtew Ipubltdblno Co. 

ALLIANCE, OHIO 

We do good work in all departments of 
the printing business. We have facili- 
ties that enable us to make very dose 
prices. If good work and low figures in- 
terest you, write us when in need of 
printing. 



COPPER PLATE ENGRAVING 

Menu Cards, Receptions, Letter Stationery, Announce- 
ments, Bookplates, Wedding Stationery, Steel Dies, Visit- 
ing Cards, Business Stationery. Everything in Engraving. 
Cuts of All Kinds. 307 East Genesee Street. 

CLARK ENGRAVING SHOP, SYRACUSE. N. Y. 



AN AGENCY THAT RECOMMENDS 

Is valuable in proportion to its influence. If it merely hears 
of vacancies and tells you about them that is something* 
but if it is asked to recommend a teacher and recommends 
you, that is more. Ours Recommends. 

The School Bulletin Agency, C. W. Bardeen, Syracuse, N.V- 



ADVERTISEMENTS 

Chas. /f . SUiott Company 

The Largest College Engraving House in the World 

Dance ProgrMns and 
Invitations Menus 
Leather Dance Cases 
and Covers 
Fraternity and 
Class Inserts for 
Annuals 

Fraternity and Class 
Stationery 

'ICIAL ENGRAVERS BY APPOINTMENT TO ALPHA XI DELTA 

Wedding Invitations and Calling Cards 
!S — I7th Street and Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 




LPHA XI DELTA 
iFFiciAL JEWELERS 



Our illustrated liat or official pins win l>e 
sent to any member for tbe asking. We also 

now have in print, which will be ready for de- 
livery In two or three weeks, llluBtrationa ot 
Fobs, Brooches, Hat fins. Stick Pins, and a 
fine aesortment ot Sterling Silver Spoons and 
[i'orks with raised monogram, which will make 
bandsome Chrigtmait or wedding gifts. 



Vilbur Lanphear Co. 

GALKSBURG, ILLS. 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



FEBRUARY 1909 

VOL. VI. NO. 2 



PUBLISHED BY 

THE SORORITY, 

ALLIANCE. OHIO 



9ma\hnB of Al;il|a Xt Brlta 

Lombard College, Galesburg, III., April 17, 1893. 



Wichita, Kans. 



Hattxe McCullum-Gossow (Mrs. C. W. E. ) 
♦Frances Cheney ------ 

Almira Cheney - - - - - . 

Lucy W. Gilmer ----- 

Eliza Curtis Everton (Mrs. J. L.) 

Bertha Cook-Evans (Mrs. Orrin C.) - - - 

Maud Foster - - TOO E. Fourteenth St., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Louie Strong Taylor (Mrs. E. A.) - - Park City, Utah. 

Cora Bolunger- Block (Mrs. Louis) 1416 Rock Island St., Davenport, la. 

AucE Bartlett-Bruner (Mrs. Murray T.) 203 Fifth St., Aurora, IlL 

deceased. 



Saybrook, IlL 

Quincy, IlL 

LeRoy, IIL 

Monmouth, IlL 



(S^u:ptiXB of Khfiliu Xt i^lta 



Alpha — Lombard College 

Beta — Iowa Wesleyan University 

Gamma — Mt. Union College 

Delta — Bethany College 

EpsUon — University of South Dakota 

Zeta — Wittenberg College 

Bta — Syracuse University 

Theta — University of Wisconsin 

lota — University of West Virginia 

Kappa — University of Illinois 

Lam Wa— Tufts College 

Mu — University of Minnesota 

Nu — University of Washington 

Xi — Kentucky State University 

Alliance Alumnae 

Mt. Pleasant Alumnae 

Boston Alumnae ... 



Galesburg, 111 

Mt Pleasant, la. 

Alliance, O. 

- Bethany, W. Va. 

Vermillion, S. Dak. 

Springfield, O. 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

Madison, Wis. 

Morgantown, W. Va. 

Champaign, 111. 

Boston, Mass. 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

Seattle, Wash. 

Lexington, Ky. 

Alliance, O. 

Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Boston, Mast. 



^lit XtBtBxnxtfgi 9trf rtorg 



dtmih (StSkttB at Alftlfa Xi Brlta 

President— EhLA Boston Leib, (Mrs. J. R.) Alpha, ... 

1271 W. Washington, Street, Springfield, 111. 
k^ice President'-BznHA G. Cleveland, Eta, - Waterloo, N. Y. 

Secretary — Mary Emily Kay, Gamma, 75 South Union Ave., Alliance, O. 
Treasurer — Ellen Ball, Beta, ... Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Historian — Clara SalmER, Epsilon, ... Vermillion, S. Dak. 
/jji/or— Martha Hutchings-McKean, (Mrs. S. R.), Eta, Newberry, Pa. 

Gmorial l^taft 

Editor-in-Chief. 
Martha Hutchincs-McKean (Mrs. S. R.), 2402 4th St., Williamsport, Pa. 

Associate Editor. 
Gertrude Wricht-Gilmour (Mrs. J.E. ), 66 Kennedy St., Bradford, Pa. 

Business Manager 
I>0RA G. LocKWooD, - - - Portville, Cattaraugus Co., N. Y. 

Assistant Business Manager 
Etta S. Bates, - - - 715 South Union Ave., Alliance, O. 

Alpha — Mabel Hendel (jmlesburg, IlL 

Beta — Mabel Duncan - ... Mt. Pleasant , la. 

Gamma — Olive Bracher - - 339 S. Union Ave., Alliance, O. 

£>#/!•— Jessie H. Smith - - - - - . Bethany, W. Va. 

Spsilon~~MKBLY H. Nichols - - - Vermillion,, South Dakota 

Zr/o— EuLA Hazel Wright - 329 S. Plum St., Springfield, O. 

t^ta — Helen Truair - - 414 Irving Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Theta — Frances Albers - - 401 Murray St., Madison, Wis. 

Iota — Mary Meek Atkenson ... Morgantown, W. Va. 

Kappa — Grace Spencer - - - 312 Daniel St., Champaign, 111. 

Lambda — Elsie May Chandler, * Metcalf Hall, Tufts College, Mass. 
Mu — Georgia Belle Elwell' - 907 7th St., S. E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Nu—hthA K. Parker, - - 2508 N. 42nd St., Seattle, Wash. 

Xi — LiDA Jones, ... 336 Madison Place, Lexington, Ky. 

Alliance Alumnae — Mary Bracher - 339 Union Ave., Alliance, O. 

Mt, Pleasant Alumnae — Ellen Ball, - - Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Boston Alumnae — Laila Campbell Nye . - - - 

33 Electric Ave., W. Somerville, Mass. 

Custodian of Song Book — Margaret Hoard, - East Syracuse, N. Y. 

Secretary of the Seventh Inter-Sorority Conference — Miss L. PearlE GrEEn, 

Kappa Alpha Theta, 15 East Ave., Ithaca, N. Y. 



Qlablr of (dontrnta . 

The Chapter House and Its Effect on the Fraternity ^'^ 

Founders' Day *- 

The Value of College Courses to Women *^ 

Alpha Chi Omega ** 

The House That Kappa Built - ^ 

Friendship - ^^ 

Traveling in Norway - ^* 

£very Day Council - ^ 

The Choice of a Sprority Girl - *^ 

A Word About the Patroness ^ ^ 

The Vicissitudes of a Houseless Chapter ' 

How Shall We Spend Our Time in Sorority Meeting ^^ 

Two Views of the Relations of Alunmae and Active Members 

Reminiscent 

Editorials ^^* 

iiixchanges 

Announcements 

Chapter Letters 

121 
Engagements , 

Marriages z^ 

Births r:. ^^ 

Personals ^ ^*^ 

Advertisements 1 



i 



OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE ALPHA XI DBLTA SORORITY 
VOL. VI. FEBRUARY. NO. a. 

BY EDWARD EUGENE McDERMOTT, NORTHWESTERN, '85. 

^ HE college fraternity has had three pretty distinct periods 
L of existence and its meeting place during each of those 
periods has been a fair index to the status of the organ- 
cation. 

The first period was marked by profound secrecy on the 
art of the fraternity, and bitter opposition on the part of the 
iculty and the public. The meeting place was a student's 
x>m ; not infrequently it was a protected nook in the woods, or 
lore often a cellar under some dormitory, reached through a trap 
oor in the floor of a devoted member's room. The badge or 
isignia, when worn at all, was pinned to the inside of the vest- 
ocket and every evidence of membership was sacredly guarded 
ecause knowledge of this fact was sure to result in expulsion 
r some other form of severe discipline. Every act of the fra- 
jmity was shrouded in mystery — a most alluring characteristic 
y the college youth, and most horrifying to the faculty and 
ublic. 

Under such circumstances a half-dozen of the older fraterni- 
es were born and maintained a precarious existence between 
le years 1827 and 1832. Hampered in this way they could do 
ttle more than live. But, as opposition always strengthens 
le ties of those opposed, some of the truest college friendships 
rere formed during this period, and a foundation was laid for 
etter things. 

The brilliant, aggressive, intrepid young men of those days 
/ere naturally drawn to the fraternity because of the very spice 

^opyrlirlited 1908. bv the Delta Upsllon Qaarterly-Beleated by the Delta Upallon 
erly. rebriiary h 1909. 



68 ALPHA XI DELTA 

of the adventure. Later, many of these same men became mem- 
bers of college faculties. They knew the fraternity from the 
inside and saw no special harm in it. They had drawn its con- 
stitution and by-laws, which for the most part breathed devotion 
to lofty sentiments and high ideals. Naturally enough, the 
hostility of the faculty, when it was re-enforced by a sprinkling 
of these men, began to relax and the fraternity passed into its 
second stage of existence — toleration. 

During this period a room was frequently hired over a down- 
town store. This was the meeting place. Some of the earliest 
"chapter halls'' were erected at this time. Architecturally they 
are peculiar buildings and resemble jails or arsenals quite as 
much as dwellings. The double purpose of admitting light 
and preventing eaves-dropping — for the secrets of the fraternity 
were still supposed to be worth knowing — was accomplished 
by placing windows very high on the side walls or even on the 
roof. The pin, or insignia, came out of its hiding place in the 
pocket. 

Finally the advantage of closer association among the mem- 
bers was recognized and the relative unimportance of the secrete 
admitted — at least tacitly. Then it was that the fraternity enter- 
ed upon the third and present stage of its development. It bought 
or rented a dwelling house, frequently installed the entire under- 
graduate membership therein, and began the regular family life 
that has characterized it for the past quarter of a century. It 
is as private but scarcely more secret than any other family. It 
is with this third period, the chapter-house as a home, that this 
paper is chiefly concerned. 

Has this home life — which has undoubtedly come to stay — 
been beneficial or harmful to the fraternity as a whole and to its 
individual members? Let us see. To gather facts for an intelli- 
gent answer to this question a circular letter was addressed to 
members of eleven diflFerent fraternities, and to the presidents, 
deans and registrars of numerous leading universities. 

One hundred and thirty-two answers were received to the 
question — "What are the chief benefits of student life in the 
chapter-house ?" 

The answers are varied, but a vast majority mention inti- 






CHAPTER-HOUSE, ITS EFFECT 69 

mate and lasting friendship. To show the general sentiment 
a few may be read. 

First, from the students: 

"Subordination of selfish and personal interests to the gen- 
eral good." 

"Close fellowship and sense of chapter responsibility." 

"Executive work in management of fraternity." 

"Sense of responsibility placed upon upperclassmen." 

From the presidents and deans: 

"Means of reaching students in matters of discipline." 

'A good chapter-house is a fair substitute for home life." 

'Oversight by older men— -especially by young graduates." 

"Comradeship, co-operation, group tradition and responsi- 
bility; fairly good board and room." 

"College loyalty." 

"Good manners; close friendship with some men worth 
knowing; national fraternity better than local clique; experience 
in handling business affairs and avoiding collective disgrace." 

Now let us look at the other side. One hundred and forty- 
eight answers were received to the question — "What are the 
chief dangers to be guarded against in the chapter-house?" 

One hundred and ten, or seventy -Jive per cent.^plaeed waste 
of time first. Other answers are scattering but interesting. 

From students: 

"Serious dissipation where sense of chapter honor and re- 
sponsibility for chapter good name are lacking." 

"Temptation to rink, gamble and indulge in the social evil 
pretty strong when the crowd inclines that way." 

"Smoking, playing cards and telling coarse stories for two 
or three hours at a stretch." 

"Snobbishness, particularly in underclassmen, shown in 
emphasizing fraternal spirit to detriment of college loyalty." 

"Running into debt, over-exclusiveness, snobbishness and 
misconduct." 

"Growth of clannishness and fraternity selfishness and con- 
sequent loss of college spirit; control by sporty element; free- 
dom from restraint." 

"Non-observance of 'house-rules'." 



70 ALPHA XI DELTA 

**Exclusiveness and extravagance." 

From presidents and deans: 

Waste of time; dissipation of energy; clannishness, the evils 
of politics." 

"Too much of a good time and its results." 

"Loafing, contamination of crowd by dissolute members; 
vicious and vulgar conversation ; false and cheap ideals of being 
men of the world ; moral cynicism." 

"Clannishness ; house degenerating into a loafing place; un- 
dertaking cause of poor student and securing concessions, if 
possible; feeling of independence of university restraint socially/* 

"Danger of being drawn into narrow, selfish and shallow 
interests and thus losing the larger, more democratic influence 
of the college as a whole." 

"Bad society and exclusiveness." 

"Over-emphasis of social life; lack of responsible executive 
to carry out house-rules." 

"The low intellectual tone — when uninfluenced by alumni — 
tends to pass from generation to generation." 

"Cultivation of social, athletic and snobbish attitude, and 
general lack of seriousness." 

"Substitution of social life for hard study." 

"Laziness." 

It becomes very apparent after reading all these letters 
that there are benefits and there are dangers. But whatever 
the benefits and dangers, we may be sure of one thing. The 
fraternity is here to stay and whether it grows better or worse 
will depend upon our treatment of it. 

Legislators and other enemies who would destroy it by stat- 
ute might just as well acknowledge — what all history proves — 
that wherever men are drawn together into large bodies, as they 
are in the modem universities, they are sure to break up into 
smaller groups. This being true and inevitable, we are bound to 
have the fraternity or some similar organization. 

It is acknowledged at Princeton — where the fraternity, as 
such, has been successfully suppressed — ^that these ''similar or- 
ganizations," clubs and cliques, have all of the disadvantages 
and lack many of the advantages of the fraternity. 



CHAPTER-HOUSE, ITS EFFECT 71 

That it is here to stay is proven by the fact that it has 
grown in less than a century from a despised institution with a 
handful of outlaws into a respected institution with a member- 
ship, graduate and undergraduate, of over 186,000. It counts 
among its numbers presidents and vice-presidents, senators and 
congressmen, federal and state judges of supreme courts, and 
thousands of men high in law, medicine, the ministry, teaching 
and business. 

Most of these men are devoted to the old home. This home 
has many cherished memories and in a material way it repre- 
sents much valuable property. The taxable assets of a single 
chapter are, not infrequently, more valuable than the total en- 
dowment of some of our good colleges forty years ago. Nearly 
one thousand chapters own, or rent, and furnish seven hundred 
houses. These houses are the homes of eighteen thousand of 
our most promising young men for nine months of each year. 
In the last quarter of a century the membership has trebled and 
the number of chapter-houses has increased over fifty per cent. 

Any organization that is wholly bad — as many of its en- 
emies believe the fraternity to be — cannot flourish in this man- 
ner. "There is nothing that succeeds like success," and with 
this splendid growth behind the fraternity it is as idle for its 
enemies to talk of rooting it out, by legislation or otherwise, as 
it is idle to talk of rooting out the blades of grass in the Miss- 
issippi Valley. The fraternity is as much a fixture in the uni- 
versity as the university itself is a fixture in the community. 
Its problems are the university's problems, for the most part, 
and the university's problems are its problems. Why not ac- 
cept it, therefore, as a permanent factor in college life, study its 
prbblems sympathetically and scientifically, and make it in every 
case what it is in some cases — a power for good? 

One of these problems which belong to both the university 
and the fraternity is the decline of scholarship. To prove that 
there has been a decline an effort was made to gather statistics 
af two points of time — 1886 and 1906. The effort was not al- 
together successful, for while the figures for the later period 
were easily secured, those for the earlier were not easily pro- 
curable and not complete enough to be entirely reliable. But 



72 ALPIfA XI DELTA 

they do point to two conclusions with considerable certainty. 
The first is that scholarship is deeiining and sasial life risingin 
the ffotemiHes. 

The second is that this change is going an much mare tapUfy 
in tha West than in the East 

The first tendency is shown by the fact that twenty years 
ago the five following college interests stood in the order here 
named : 

Scholarship, 

Oratory and Debate, 

Literary distinction, 

Athletic honors, 

Social mention. 

(These five are taken because they stand out prominently 
in all the reports and records.) 

The relative place that these interests now hold in the minds 
of fraternity men is quite reversed, as the following figures 
show: 

Social distinction 308 

Athletic honors 289 

Literary distinction 153 

Scholarship 124 

Oratory and Debate TJ 

In other words, of the mention in college publications 
which fraternity men think it worth while to make of them- 
selves and their achievements to-day, nearly 33 1-3 per cent, is 
social distinction and less than 13 per cent, is honors in scholar- 
ship. 

Or to put in another way, out of every 951 times that fra- 
ternity men deliberately call attention to their activities as 
things worthy of special consideration, 308 are social, 289 
athletic, 153 literary, 124 scholarship and yy public speaking. 

The "mention" in these publications that was taken to in- 
dicate "scholarship" is Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, and special 
prizes and honorable mention in economics, history, language 
and in a few cases, mathematics. 

It is not contended here that possession of Phi Beta Kappa 
is an unfailing indication of scholarship. By no means. It is 



CHAPTBR-HOUSE, ITS EFFECT 73 

Ercqucntly and truthfully remarked that the P. B. K. man is 
often a mere book-worm and is lost sight of promptly after 
Commencement. But it is contended that the men who stand 
well up in their classes are the ones who, as a rule, are obtain- 
ing the best mental discipline. And it is contended, further, 
that mental discipline is more essential to-day than ever before. 
The problems in legislation, in the legal profession, in engineer- 
ing and other technical lines, call for trained minds. 

Of course, if one takes the ground that mere getting and 
spending constitutes success in life then the above observations 
do not hold good, and it is to be feared that too many of our 
young men do take this ground. The "smart" fraternity man, 
especially, refers contemptuously to the good student as a 
"shark" and a "grind," as though it were almost a disgrace to 
do one's work well. He sees that good scholars freguently 
earn but one hundred dollars a month while clever rascals with 
little or no education make millions. Why should he study? 
But this paper takes the higher ground that the college man, 
because of his peculiar advantages, owes something to somebody 
besides himself. He is not succeeding if he is merely taking ad- 
age of the weaker members of society in order that he may 
gain the means with which to satisfy his appetite and passions. 
Such an ideal ought to be distinctly beneath the college man, 
and the fraternity has the best possible opportunity to imfpress 
this fact upon his mind. 

The second tendency mentioned abdve, namely, that this 
change is taking place more rapidly in the West than in the 
East, is shown by the following figures: 

Eastern. Western. 

Social mention io6 202 

Athletic honors 142 147 

Scholarship 102 22 

Literary distinction 71 76 

Oratory and debate 69 8 

A possible explanation of this second tendency is found 
in the fact that the Eastern fraternity had well established tradi- 
tions twenty years ago, when part of the statistics were gathered 



74 ALPHA XI DELTA 

which lead to the above conclusion, and these traditions demand- 
ed among other things good scholarship. Every chapter had a 
record to maintain, whereas the Western chapter fell heir to no 
such legacy. 

It ought to be mentioned at this point that interest in de- 
bate and oratory in Western universities is probably greater 
than ever before but, as the figure 8 for the Western chapters 
shows, the honors are no longer going to fraternity men. 

In the last twelve years but one fraternity man has repre- 
sented the University of Minnesota in an intercollegiate orator- 
ical contest, and but five in intercollegiate debate although 
twenty-one such honors have been awarded in the former and 
eighty-one in the latter. Eighteen years ago the fraternity men 
were taking all the honors in this line. 

It may be worth while to mention a single case in connec- 
tion with scholarship — since it is now under discussion. The 
secretary's records show that but two fraternity men were ad- 
mitted to Phi Beta Kappa in 1905 at the University of Minn- 
esota and not one in 1906 or 1907, although a total of 44 men 
were so honored in the last three years. Two is 4.5 per cent, of 
44 — not a large percentage of honors for the fraternity men to 
gather in, surely. 

This is not because the fraternities at Minnesota have a 
poorer grade of men than other Western universities have. Ex- 
act figures are not at hand to prove this point, but I am confi- 
dent that such is not the case. Nor is it because fraternity men 
have not the capacity for scholarship. As a rule, they have the 
advantage of brains, wealth (sometimes too much) and social 
polish when they come to the university. 

They simply lack the desire for scholarship because we, the 
alumni, have failed to hold up before our younger brothers the 
fact that scholarship is one of the things for which a man comes 
to college. 

Of course, we can pass the matter by and say complaisantly 
that "we do not care for Phi Beta Kappa. It is an empty honor 
anyhow. We are getting things of greater value." But will 
parents continue to believe us indefinitely? Will the public — 
whose good opinion we covet because we want its best young 



CHAPTER-HOUSE, ITS EFFECT 75 

men — will the public believe us? Will it not think this is 
another case of "sour grapes ?" 

Whether we think it a wise or unwise policy to call atten- 
tion to this fact we may be sure that it will not long escape 
notice by the ambitious young men who come to our universi- 
ties. Such things have an unpleasant way of "leaking out." 
The safest way for us is not to try to conceal a bit of damaging 
evidence, but admit it frankly and then promptly adopt a policy 
that will eliminate it. 

Admitting that there has been a decline, it is important but 
difficult to name all the causes. Let us look for a moment at two 
or three. 

It is believed by many who have studied this problem, 
and whose opinions are worthy of respect, that the decline in 
scholarship and consequent rise of lighter substitutes is due in 
part to the absence of personal and daily contact between student and 
hulructor, and in part to the unlimited introduction of electives and 
culture courses. 

Is it not possible that a third and contributory cause of the 
decHne in scholarship is found in the modem chapter-house, 
which furnishes such a comfortable home-life among congenial 
spirits and offers such abundant opportunity for dissipation of 
tinre and energy? 

At any rate we have a problem in the decline, and the ques- 
tion arises as to whether the modern fraternity, through its 
chapter-house system, can assist the university in solving it, 
for at least this one of the university's problems is the fraterni- 
ty's problem. 

To determine this the question was asked, in the circular 
letter referred to, — 

"What does the present-day fraternity need most in order 
to be of the greatest service to its members?" The answers are 
all worth perusal. We have space for but a few of them. 

From piresidents and deans : 

"A return to the best traditions of the early days of frater- 
nities and a recognition of other present-day responsibilities by 
themselves and the governing bodies of institutions." 



76 ALPHA XI DELTA 

"More breadth of view, less of the spirit of clique and cx- 
clusiveness." 

"A quickening of the earlier literary interest ; a larger sense 
of the primacy of college over fraternity interests — or rather of 
the dependence of fraternity interests on a wholesome college 
life." 

"First, simplicity of living; second, the intellectual element 
thrust to the front in the weekly meetings of the chapter ; third, 
a high sense of honor and moral ideals which would lead to the 
ejection of an unworthy member." 

"Active interest and a sense of responsibility on the part of 
resident alumni. There is too much loafing in the chapter par- 
lors; there is almost no serious conversation; the men as a 
whole do not study enough and have not serious ideals." 

"Higher ideals of what constitutes manliness; a better and 
more serious notion of the effects of beer and tobacco on future 
effectiveness; a higher regard for the value of time; a rigid 
scholarship committee in the university which will not hesitate 
to send home all who do not do a man's work." 

"Right kind of undergraduate headship to insure a healthy 
moral tone and to exalt ideals of work; friendly comradeship 
and oversight on the part of faculty and other alumni members; 
wise but vigilant supervision by the university authorities." 

Intelligent sympathy on the part of college officers, and 
close relations between active and graduate members." 

"Attention of their alumni." 

"Progress along the lines which mark its development for 
the last twenty-five years and a fuller realization that the pros- 
perity of the fraternity is one with the institution in which it is 
situated." 

"The effective influence of alumni members. Undergp'ad- 
uates yield to temptation to enjoy the 'house.' They need the 
stimulus of resident graduates and of earnest and scholarly up- 
perclassmen." 

To be represented more generally in all departments of col- 
lege life, by the best men, of course, in each kind of work. 

"To keep more closely in touch with faculty affairs and sup- 
port the Besf interests of college." 



CHAPTER-HOUSE, ITS EFFECT 77 

"To become more a part of the university." 

From students: 

"Better ideals. Fraternities are too often exclusively danc- 
g and smoking clubs." 

"More true, unselfish, good fellows and less of the men who 
ake success pure and simple their aim." 

"Strong men with old-fashioned ideals of college life and 
ork ; less of the feeling of smartness and fast life of a fratemi- 
; the inculcation of principles of purity and earnest purpose." 

"Individuality of members; the fraternity is now too much 
a mill through which all men are ground out after the same 
pe. 

"In general, a man's scholarship may deteriorate as a result 
the chapter-housCi but he gains something intangible, vastly 
ore valuable." 

"Better men — men of strong personality and firm princi- 
es. There is here too much effort to get good-fellowship and 
irmony at the expense of anything and everything else." 

A definite standard of excellence in all branches of college 
:tivity with a system of alumni and upperclassmen supervision 
• keep the undergraduate body as far as possible up to the 
andard set." 

"More unity in national fraternity and more attention to 
eals just now; we are becoming commonplace and losing all 
inse of dignity and high purpose." 

"Strict adhesion to a policy embodying high ideals, culti- 
iting friendship between all fraternity men; a policy disap- 
'oving of under-hand and base methods — which must weaken 
le men who permit such things ; an aggressive policy of mental 
iprovement to its members and the university or college, and 
le making the fraternity a greater factor for good in the de- 
^lopment of men and of our national life." 

"To be let alone." 

Several things become apparent to one who reads all these 
tsponses. The fraternity chapter-house is a potent factor for 
X)d or for evil. Whether it develops into the one or the othei 
^ends upon how it is handled. The fact that the answers are 
> frequently diametrically opposed shows that conditions vary 



78 ALPHA XI DELTA 

widely in diflFerent chapters of the same fraternity and proves 
that no man can safely judge a fraternity as a whole who knows 
but a single chapter in a single university. 

The advantages pointed out and now being enjoyed in many 
chapter houses by scores of young men leave no room for doubt 
as to the benefits, while, on the other hand, the frank statements 
of corresponding secretaries as to the dangers and disadvantages 
prove just as conclusively that the chapter-house may be a ser- 
ious menace to the best interests of many young men. 

Again, these open answers by young men who knew, pointing 
out the dangers and defects of their own homes, show clearly 
that any one who attempts to solve this problem scientifically — 
without any hobby to ride or any preconceived notion to carry 
out, who is wilfing to find the facts and apply the remedy — ^will 
have cordial co-operation. With few exceptions there is no at- 
tempt at evasion or concealment of conditions ; the answers come 
like blows straight from the shoulder. It is evident that the 
chapters which are going wrong are not as a whole wedded to 
flieir weakness. Most of the men in them would welcome re- 
form if it were brought about at the right time and in the right 
way. 

The fact, then, that the chapter-house is a force for evil as 
well as for good ought to discourage no true reformer. The 
further fact that some chapters have gone wrong and have died 
a violent death in their own sins or have had their charters re- 
voked is no valid argument against the fraternity system or the 
modem chapter-house. Every factor in civilization — the church 
nof excepted — is open to the same criticism. 

It is not contended here that the fraternity can accomplish 
the impossible, but that it can do in every chapter what it is now 
doing in the best. It can, for example. 

1. Prevent a man of studious habits from becoming a mere 
grind, a bookworm, a recluse, by forcing him out into society. 

2. It can prevent a man of strong social inclination from 
wasting time to the detriment of his mental development. 

3. It can tone up a boy of good mind but slovenly habits 
and tone down a dude and prevent him from becoming the laugh* 
ing-stock of sensible people. 



CHAPTER-HOUSE, ITS EFFECT 79 

4. It can prevent vulgar language,' coarse manners and 
oafing in the chapter-house; and dishonesty and immorality 
everywhere as things unworthy a Greek-letter man. 

5. It can hofd in check a young man of strong appetite and 
passions until the danger point is passed — until he has develop- 
ed sufficient strength of character to resist temptation. 

6. It can reach down a helping hand to a hard-working, 
honest student who needs help and lift him up. 

7. In short, it can keep constantly before its men the de- 
sirability of a well-rounded, symmetrical life. 

It can do all these things and many more. In fact, what the 
well-organized, well-regulated fraternity can do with its men in 
four years is almost incredible to the outsider, because the out- 
sider does not realize the tremendous hold that the fraternity 
gets upon its men. The boys are gathered together on the basis 
of similar tastes and ideals, when the rushing is properly done. 
Their constant association soon makes of them the closest 
friends. In a short time they would infinitely rather disgrace 
themselves than their fraternity brothers and their organization. 
Many a boy, when he feels quite alone, unobserved and respon- 
sible to no one but himself — as he not infreqeutly does in a big 
city — will take risks that he would not think of taking when his 
fraternity brothers are involved. The danger of losing his best 
friends and the bitterness of a censure from an upperclassman 
whom he loves and admires are a sufiicient check. 

Such a fraternity receives into its ranks an undeveloped boy 
and sends forth, four years later, a man of poise, polish and not 
infrequently power. 

But some one says this is an ideal — a condition impossible 
of attainment. Not at all. It now exists in the best chapters of 
the best fraternities. All that is contended here is that all the 
chapters can be made as good as the best. 

Of those who expressed an opinion on the desirability of a 
return to ideals which demand better scholarship 81 per cent, 
agree that it is needed as a foundation upon which to rest culture 
and success in life, and they further agree that the reformation 
of the fraternity must come through the co-operation of the up- 



80 ALPHA XI DELTA 

perclassmen with the alumni, their friends, not through the leg- 
islators, the regents, trustees or faculty. 

The movement to employ all the time of a general secretary, 
a traveling, paid official, is being watched with interest, and 
much is hoped for from him. His broad views resulting from 
intimate knowledge of local conditions in all the chapters will 
enable him to offer wise counsel. But one man cannot accom- 
plish everything and the bulk of the work must be done for 
every chapter by the local, resident alumni. They arc elaborate 
furnishings. They place these valuable equipments in the hands 
of their younger brothers. 

What ds more natural, what is more reasonable than that 
they should demand an accounting — not primarily in a material 
way, for this is relatively unimportant; but in an intellectuali 
moral, social, man-developing way ? This is the plain duty of 
the alumni and it should be their privilege. 

It is just as reprehensible for the better class of fraternity 
alumnd to abandon their chapters and give them up to the "spor- 
ty element" — ^because these chapters do not exactly please them— 
as it is for the better citizens to abandon municipal government 
to professional politicians and ward-heelers. There are enough 
good men in every fraternity and in every municipality to do 
the right thing. But they must be active. 

This duty of the alumnus, however, is a most delicate one 
and demands just the right man. He must love the fraternity. 
He must know its history and traditions. He must have a deep 
personal interest in the underclassman and feel that every boy 
has possibilities. He must be young enough to still remember 
how a freshman feels and looks at life, and he must distinguish 
intuitively between the foibles of youth and real vicious tenden- 
cies. He must wink at the one and suppress the other. By 
prompt and judicious action he must counteract the unwhol^ 
some influence of a man who is going wrong, and save the chap* 
ter at least — if not the individual — ^from the results of his folly. 
He must have and hold the love and admiration of the under- 
classman or he is not the one for the place. And he must ac- 
complish all this, for the most part, unobtrusively. Ironclad, 
coercive rules from the alumni will not be wise except in extreme 



CHAPTER-HOUSE, ITS EFFECT 81 

cases. They will defeat their own purpose by creating the same 
feeling of distrust and dislike which existed between the preacher 
professor and the students of our early ecclesiastical colleges. 

Of course, the alumnus cannot accomplish all this without 
the sympathy and active assistance of the upperclassmen. But 
the better, stronger upperclassmen in every chapter are ready for 
this assistance. 

Hear this one letter from the secretary of a strong chapter 
of the Delta Upsilon Fraternity: 

"The object of the fraternity, as I see it, is to take the. place 
of the family and home life. The students have, upon entering 
college, come out from under the guiding influence of the parents 
or the paternal preparatory school. This lack of restraint and 
new-found liberty is likely to become license, and in the case of 
the weaker individuals to lead to ruin. It is at this point that 
the fraternity steps in. The influence of the fraternity cannot 
be good unless its atmosphere is wholesome. Its atmosphere 
cannot be wholsesome unless the seniors are earnest, careful 
trained men, with a keen sense of duty, who will dominate and 
sway the policy of the chapter. A prominent professor here told 
me that a word from a senior had a more salutary effect upon a 
freshman of the same fraternity than any amount of talk from 
one of the faculty, in a case where a freshman was 'down' in his 
work. 

"I should say, therefore, that the greatest need of the pres- 
ent-day fraternity is a more careful organization of the chapter 
and the system, so that the senior will be fitted to dominate the 
chapter and so that he will do so." 

It is extremely desirable that just such young men as this one 
should be in charge of the active chapter. They would welcome 
the counsel and co-operation of the right kind of an alumnus,, 
and the alumnus must offer this assistance lest even the strong 
under graduate should weary in well-doing. 

The alumnus must give this assistance or he must be pre- 
pared, twenty years hence when he visits the old home, to greet 
a weaker chapter than he meets to-day, for the tendency in all 
the fraternities is unmistakably toward waste of time, weaker 
scholarship and more society, "fussing" and other adjuncts. 



82 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Most fraternity men of the last generation remember with 
pride that the best men in college could be had by the fraterni- 
ties for the asking. It is not universally so to-day. Already 
many strong young men are shunning them as organizations 
which will rob them of their honorable ambitions on the one 
hand, or cultivate in them a crop of habits that are of very ques- 
tionable value, on the other. 

The alumni can prevent all this and it is their duty to do sa 
Already they give valuable property and frequetly more valu- 
able time, and they have a right to expect every chapter of their 
fraternity to develop men who will preserve their traditions and 
honor their fraternity and their alma mater. 

The public has a right to expect this much of the fraternity. 
Last year it gave $399,688,910 for the education of the youth 
of this land. It sees the secondary schools pour into the chapter- 
houses the best blood and brains of the state. After four years 
it expects to see returned to every honorable calling in every 
community, strong men, molders of public opinion — ^public 
opinion, the controlling force in a democracy. No organization 
is worthy support whose sole object is simply to protect itself and 
maintain its existence. The problems of society are so numer- 
ous and so complicated that both individuals and social organiza- 
tion are in duty bound to enter the field determined to leave the 
world better than they found it. No organization has a right to 
ask for support unless it has some noble mission. 



FOUNDERS' DAY. 



A Message from our Grand President to Every Alpha Xi Delta. 

With April seventeenth of this year comes the sixteenth 
anniversary of Alpha Xi Delta's founding. Though history may 
not seem especially interesting when in the pages of a book, we 
find it helpful to have some of it in our heads, and its lessons 
have much to do with forming our character and convictions. 
The social side of Founders' Day is no less interesting because 
there is a serious side to the celebration. We should stop on 



FOUNDERS' DAY 83 

this one day of the year, if upon no other, to take account of 
stock, as it were, to consider why we celebrate. In doing honor 
to our Founders, we should learn who they were, the conditions 
which surrounded them and made the birth of Alpha Xi Delta 
necessary and possible, and how they could lay the foundations 
strong enough to permit the growth and permanence of the 
^rority we love. 

The pioneers in any movement must be endowed with 
strong convictions and splendid courage and our Founders' had 
their share of these necessary characteristics. Otherwise the 
growth and development of Alpha Xi Delta would not have been. 
Shapespeare has said, *' We know what we are, but we know not 
what we may be," and though our Founders had a clear idea of 
what a sisterhood should be, and though they "saw visions and 
dreamed dreams," it is unlikely that one of the ten had a faint 
conception of the sorority's ultimate growth. 

The sorority's life may be divided into three periods; first, 
what we call the foundation period when the ten girls crys- 
talized their aims and ideals ; second, the period of establishment 
or organization when the chapter was gaining in strength and 
purpose; a period of nine years; and third, the development or 
expansion period, which has contained for the last seven years 
and has meant fourteen chapters in as many different institu- 
tions of learning in eleven different states. 

Like many other sororities and fraternities, Alpha Xi Delta's 
birth was in a denominational institution, of which I say as 
Daniel Webster did of Dartmouth, "It is a small college but 
there are those who love it." The conditions which created 
Alpha were, in brief, these: the masculine contingent predomi- 
nated at Lombard in 1893, as there were then in existence there, 
two fraternities and but one sorority. A small percent of the 
women could belong to one sorority, so there was in consequence 
among the non-fraternity women a group of congenial girls who 
came together as chosen friends. Finally one or two of these 
girls formed the idea of organizing a sisterhood to perpetuate 
their love and their ideals. In this they were encouraged by one 
of the fraternities, itself a young chapter in Lombard. Grad- 
ually the plan was formed and took root in the minds of the 



84 ALPHA XI DELTA 

ten girls who bent all their energies toward organization. With 
earnestness and enthusiasm they took up the work, but without 
plan or guide. It was indeed a big undertaking for these young 
girls to crystallize their aims and ideals thus, but they were girls 
of strength and originality, and we who have followed after them 
know how well they builded. In the sixteen years that have in- 
tervened since Alpha was launched into the sea of fraternity life, 
no changes have been made in any essental particular — ^Alpha Xi 
Delta has only developed and elaborated by growth, not chang- 
ed. 

The project, which had taken the greater part of the school 
year, and which had been carried on in great secrecy behind lock- 
ed doors, was finally complet. Picture a spring morning, April 
17, 1893. The girls were to make their first formal appearance 
in chapel, and it was with flushed faces and fluttering hearts 
that the girls gathered for a moment in the Zetecahlian literary 
society room, now the president's office, for a last word to keep 
up their courage as well as 'to pin on their roses. Then with 
outward composure, (but I doubt not, inward trepidation) each 
wearing on her breast the Alpha Xi Delta quill in the form of a 
stick pin, with the colors and pink rose, ten girls entered the 
chapel together, and our Alpha Xi Delta came into her own. 

The reception our girls received was cordial on the part of 
'one fraternity and cold and indifferent on the part of the others, 
but as this was what they expected, they neither overjoyed nor 
dismayed. The girls had not long to be together as school was 
out the first of June, and the ten Founders were never all to- 
gether again. What they gave to the world has lived, "through 
bitter and sweet, through gain and defeat." 

It has been my privilege to know all but three of our 
Founders, a pleasure and inspiration which I wish all Alpha Xi 
Deltas could have. The work that other girls did nine years 
later in making the local into a national is deserving of great 
commendation, for in its own way it was as great a task. It 
was felt at that time that Alpha had reached a stage where her 
endeavors should not be confined to one institution, however 
noble, and so steps were taken by the eleven active girls in the 
spring of 1902, assisted by two of the alumnae, to make the local 



FOUNDERS' DAY 85 

t national. This was formally done April 17, 1902, but it was 
lot publicly announced until June 9th when Beta chapter was 
nstalled. 

My purpose in giving an outline of the sorority's history 
it this time is that the members may have a better knowledge 
)f what our Founders did, and realize something of what we owe 
hem. Founder's Day should commemorate not only the na- 
ional Founders, but each chapter should remember her own 
?ounders upon that day. 

The day should be devoted not only to having a good, time, 
)ut to serious consideration of what we owe those pioneer spirits 
n our sorority, local and national. Do not let the knowledge of 
hese things wane. Keep a history of your chapter from one 
\pril seventeenth to the next, and have this carefully kept on 
lie for future Alphas. Do not leave these things to tradition. 
Vlany fraternities are now seeking to collect their histories and 
ire not finding it easy, as archives have not been well kept. 
\lpha Xi Delta is young, so let us peserve our histories in black 
md white while there is yet time. Everything has traditions, 
5very people and nation its anniversaries, its feast days. Alpha 
Ki Delta's has been well likened to Easter, as it comes when all 
lature is awakening. Founders' Day should awaken anew our 
ove and loyalty to Alpha Xi Delta principles, and we should 
)ledge increased devotion to our sisters, past and present. Our 
iisters of the past were makers of history, and we too are making 
t for ourselves and the sorority. What we need is to wake up 
:o our responsibility. Cato once said, "It is not in mortal to 
:ommand success, but to do more to deserve it." Let us not 
Forget our Founders, all but one of whom are living. To them 
[ propose this toast: To our Founders, your memory is golden 
the work you did lives and shall remain, nay more shall grow — 
through the sincere efforts of your grateful sisters. 

Ella B. B. Leib. 



86 ALPHA XI DELTA 



THE VALUE OF COLLEGE COURSES TO WOMEN. 

The average college woman reckons the date of any event 
in her existence by its relation to her college career. "Two 
years before I came to college," "My third year in college," 
"Four years after I gaduated" she says. Thus she unconsciously 
registers her belief in the life importance of her college course. 

Firmly established as she is in this belief, it is with the ut- 
most surprise that she gradually discovers how different from 
her own is the attitude of most people toward what she prizes 
so highly. 

To many persons, even fathers and mothers who are send- 
ing their daughters to college, a college course is merely an 
investment from which they expect the girl to reap a commercial 
profit in enhanced earning power, or just an agreeable and harm- 
less method of filling up the necessary interstice between gradua- 
tion from high school and marriage, or simply a new fangled 
kind of boarding school. They are proud and glad to be able to 
give this commercial advantage, this social luxury to their daugh- 
ters, but few, not college bred themselves, realize how very 
much more than either of these things they are giving. 

The most difficult attitude for the college woman to combat is 
that which looks upon her course as nothing more or less than an 
investment in the newest and most efficient mental machinery, 
an investment which is to yield immediate financial returns. 

The same brains that contain this conception are also firmly 
possessed of the belief that the studies which she is to put to an 
immediate and definite use are the only ones that a girl should in- 
clude in her college curriculum: that unless a girl is going to 
take up social work, she is wasting her time on sociology ; that 
unless she is to teach Latin an acquaintance with the Latin 
classic^ can do her no good. 

The fallacy of both these ideas the college women knows. 
The time spent in the study of sociology, in acquiring knowledge 
that she may never specifically utilize, has not been wasted, for 
It has given her a better trained mind, a power of original 



VALUE OP COLLBGB COURSES 87 

thought that she might not have had otherwise. It is well known 
that the college graduate is in more demand for the position of 
grade teacher, than the Normal School girl. Yet she knows no 
more about grammar, arithmetic or spelling than her competitor. 
College women with a business education superadded, make the 
best private secretaries. Yet they know no more about business 
usage than the ordinary commercial school graduate. In both 
cases it is the reserve force of general knowledge, a well trained 
mind, a highly cultivated power of discrimination, a fund of 
savotr/aire, all products of a college curriculum and life, — which 
make the college graduate valuable, though her fund of specific 
knowledge bearing on the giving position, may be no larger than 
that of other aspirants. 

In regard to the financial return from this intellectual in- 
vestment, it is a matter of fact that the college education usually 
does yield some financial return though it is not always im- 
mediate. Though the college graduate may have to start on the 
same rung of the ladder of success, she is pretty sure to climb 
more rapidly and higher than the woman lacking her advan- 
tages. 

But even if these things were not so, even if it were not true 
that college graduates become by reason of their education more 
valuable to the world, the college course would still be justifiable 
in that it makes any woman more valuable to herself. If she 
has absorbed what she ought from those four years, the result 
is wider culture and hence infinite multiplication of her intel- 
lectual sensibilities. In the light of what she has learned her 
slightest contact with the world becomes fraught with greater 
significance. She takes up a newspaper ; her study of economics 
gives a new depth of meaning to the story of a great strike; 
statistics hitherto blind and unimportant are lit up by her knowl- 
edge of psychology ; in the light of her study of modern history 
she is able to recognize the strained diplomatic relations of two 
European countries as an act in a century long drama; items 
that would have formerly appeared to her only petty sensational- 
ism may now discover an element of romance ; the announcement 
of the discovery of a new element becomes through her knowledge 
of chemistry, interesting news ; she reads of a big electoral con- 



88 ALPHA XI DELTA 

vention and having studied public law is able to see in it some 
thing larger than the struggles between two party factions. So 
things that formerly would have been uninteresting or even un- 
intelligible have taken on power to stimulate her mind and give 
her the pleasure of a keen interest. 

But there is something more than all this that the years of 
college can do for a girl. Having come in contact with great 
needs, pondered on great events, studied great problems, having 
gotten a glimpse of the core of things and their eternal purpose 
and harmony, she is inclined to try to bring some of that same 
order and harmony into her own life. It is impossible for her 
now to live merely from day to day, from hand to mouth, seeing 
nothing but the figures on the blackboard, the dishpan, the type- 
writer, the printed page. She must see some goal ahead and 
bend her energies toward it. Knowing her life to be a part of 
divine symmetry, she must, however feebly and waveringly 
seek to order it to fill its part in the supreme plan. 

Her critics accuse the college girl of being discontented. 
The accusation should be a commendation, for the college wo- 
man's discontent, if she is worthy to bear the name of her col- 
lege is of that world-moving sort which makes a woman satis- 
fied always with her possession, but never with herself. 

PERSIS DWIGHT HANNAH, 

Lambda. 



ALPHA CHI OMEGA. 



Alpha Chi Omega was founded at Albion, Michigan, Oc- 
tober 15, 1885. It has now fourteen collegiate chapters which 
are located in the following institutions: Albion, Allegheny, 
Depauw, Illinois, Michigan, New England Conservatory, North 
Western, Simpson, Southern California, Syracuse, Wisconsin, 
Colorado, Nebraska and Baker. It also has four Alumnae as- 
sociations. 

The Grand Council of Alpha Chi Omega is made up of the 
Grand Offiicers; President, Mrs. Edward R. Loud; Vive Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Fay Barnably Kent; Secretary, Mrs. Frank Soule; 



ALPHA CHI OMEGA 89 

Treasurer, Mrs. R. Dennis; Inspector, Kate Calkins; Editor, 
Mrs. Wm. E. Haseltine. 

The pin is a lyre with Alpha Chi Omega emblazoned in 
gold on black enamel. The pledge-pin is a diamond shaped pin of 
scarlet enamel and displays a gold lyre. The Sorority has no 
national flag. The colors are scarlet and olive, and the flower 
is the scarlet carnation with smilax. 

Since 1896 the sorority has issued a quarterly magazine 
called "The Lyre." The present place of publication is Osh- 
kosh, Wisconsin. 

Alpha Chi Omega's open motto is "Ye daughters of music, 
come up higher." This motto, together with the sorority em- 
blem, the lyre, suggests at once the society's special interest in 
music. The following paragraph from Mrs. Martin's Hand 
Book, under the department of "Musical Sororities," gives a 
brief resume of the origin and development of Alpha Chi's pe- 
culiar devotion to music : 

"The first of this class (Musical Sororities) was Alpha Chi 
Omega founded at DePauw University in 1885 under the special 
patronage of Dean James L. Howe of the College of Music. 
Dean Howe believed so thoroughly in the advantages of these 
organizations that in 1892 he lent his aid to the establishment 
of a second similar society called Phi Mu Epsilon. Alpha Chi 
Omega has always been most progressive and has grown rapidly. 
In 1903 it made a striking change in its policy, for instead of con- 
fining itself strictly to the colleges of music affiliated with the in- 
stitutions where its chapters were located, it admitted such stud- 
ents from the liberal arts departments as were taking courses 
in music. By becoming Musical-Literary, as it is now called, 
it competes with the. academic sororities, and in consequence 
has been admitted to the Inter-Sorority Conference." 



90 ALPHA XI DELTA 



THE HOUSE THAT KAPPA BUILT. 

In 1905 when Kappa was the baby chapter of Alpha Xi 
Delta, her headquarters were in two small rooms at 405 E. 
Green St. These rooms soon became crowded and the next year 
she moved into a furnished house eight blocks from the Uni- 
versity. Before the end of the year this house became so crowd- 
ed that the child's health was endangered by those quarters; 
so the next year a larger house was rented. In this the chapter 
was again in her old quarters on Green street but this year the 
whole house was occupied instead of just two rooms; but the 
result was the same. It likewise become too small and Kappa 
was developing a distaste for moving, so she tried to make plans 
for one more more, and that a final one. Kappa was by this 
time quite a child and possessed some of this world's wealth in 
the form of furniture. 

Mr. Riley of Champaign came to the help of the chapter 
and agreed to build a house which should cost eleven thousand 
dollars. He gave Kappa the privilege of making the plans and 
having everything just as she wished. The property which 
he built is leased by the chapter for five years with the privil^e 
of buying. The chapter pays him eleven hundred dollars a year 
in nine monthly payments. The expenses are somewhat heavy, 
especially while there is furniture to buy. This is being bought 
by monthly installments. In this way the chapter is making 
a permanent and pleasant home for all future members. 

So much for the finances of our new home ; now let us leave 
all those practical details of the sordid world and let all Alpha 
girls open wide their eyes and take hold of Kappa's hand for a 
journey to the home of the fifth youngest child. 

You are three blocks from the University of Illinois, on 
Daniel street, and the most attractive place you see is an odd 
Swiss home, and that is Kappa's home. Stopping in front of it 
you see a broad concrete porch with a brick wall on the sides and 
ends. This is covered in the center with a brightly painted 
loof o^er which is a small flat balcony. Above this a broad and 



HOUSE THAT KAPPA BUILT 91 

widely projecting roof overshadows the whole house. The 
upper third of the house is built of green shingles and the lower 
portion of red brick. The numerous windows are of ordinary 
size on the ground floor, but only half size on the second and 
third floors and are divided into many small panes. These 
windows and the projecting roof give the house such a quaint 
look that you almost expect to see a whole Swiss village with 
even a mountain stream in sight. The outside decorations of 
our home have caused no little comment and of course you one 
and all have remarked about them long ere this. The design, 
now used a great deal in architecture of hearts, spades, and 
clubs is carried out. The little balcony over the central covered 
portion of the porch is decorated with a row of spades in the 
green railing, while the front of the porch has a row of clubs 
in its yellow border and the roof boasts a row of many hearts 
along its yellow edge. The house as a whole looks homey, and 
you Alphas are anxious to go in to visit with sister Kappa 
awhile. So let the whole sixteen of you enter. 

Your number is too great for the little vestibule, which is 
on a level with the ground so you hasten one by one up the 
steps to the big living room, which extends the whole width 
of the house and occupies the entire middle portion of the first 
floor. This room is divided into three parts. The wide rough 
brown brick fireplace occupies the portion directly facing the 
entrance and broad stair case. The fire place is a "thing of 
beauty" with its brass andirons, one hundred and fifty years 
old. These sister Winifred Campbell furnishes for the house. 
The broad low mantel, over which hangs an Illinois seal, con- 
tains only two brass candle sticks and forms a fitting crown for 
the fire place. Heavy beams diyide the two end portions of 
the living room, from the central part. In each of these ends 
of the long room are deep window seats that say all kinds of 
inviting things by means of cushions, many and various. The 
color scheme in this room is green and brown. 

The woodwork throughout the first floor is dark stained 
quartered oak, the rugs are green, and the furniture is all of the 
plain, dark mission type. 



92 ALPMA XI DELTA 

The house is lighted by electricity and the chandeliers are 
of wrought iron. 

Opening from the living room on the south-east corner 
and toward the front of the hause is the chapter room or 
library. This has a broad seat on one side and a row of low 
book cases on the other. Here the color scheme is dark green, 
red and brown. The only bit of light color is a beautiful Alpha 
Xi Delta crest on a white skin which hangs over the book case. 
The pictures are in dark frames and the library chairs and table 
are on dark brown. 

The music room occupies a similar position on the south- 
west corner of the house and here again we have the deep win- 
dow seat and brown furniture and decorations. 

The dining room, opening from the back of the living room, 
is large enough to accommodate forty-five people. The windows 
in the east and south walls are small and high. The colors of 
the room are browns, ranging from the dark, almost black, fur- 
niture to the light tan of the curtains. The china closet and 
linen drawers occupy one side of the room and our convocation 
bell with its quaint case is one of the attractions of the room. 

The pantry and kitchen are models of modern convenience 
and a joy to the heart of the cook. There is a special place for 
everything in the smallest possible space. However, don't be 
disappointed, sisters dear, for peer into those closets and draw- 
ers as much as you like and you won't find one single thing 
to eat. The eatables are all kept locked in the vegetable room 
in the basement, for Kappa doesn't yet seem to be past the 
jam stealing age, which according to tradition is between four 
and five. 

The whole first floor can be thrown into one large room, 
and when the house was formally opened we found that thirty 
couples could easily dance there, and yet lea^e the music room 
for the musicians. 

The second floor has six large bed rooms and a modem 
bath room and linen closet. The large open hall has two big 
seats on either side. Here on the walls we hang our college 
and fraternity pennants. The wood work of the second and 
third floors is white pine finished with a dull, dark g^een stain. 



HOUSE THAT KAPPA BUILT 93 

The third floor has a similar number of bed rooms with the same 
linen and toilet room arrangement. 

There are now in the house eighteen girls and our chap- 
erone. We have accomodations for twenty-four, so Kappa 
feels as though she permanently located. 

Kappa has enjoyed taking her sisters all over the house 
and hopes to have many opportunities of doing so in reality. 



FRIENDSHIP. 

'Tis friendship that inspires in me 
The best my simple life can give 

Which lifts me up from out my gloom, 
Which makes me hope and bids me live. 

The hope that I may win through grace 
'Tis that alone which makes me love 

To do my duty in this life 
Which bids me hope for life above. 

Tis that creates my noblest thoughts, 

It spurs me to a better life; 
It gives me hope to reach my goal, 

And gives me strength to make the strife. 

And when my burdens cast me down 
'Tis that alone which tells me, "Wait," 

For Life and Love belong to man 
And death can never be his Fate. 



MARY FRANCES CHADWICK, Iota, 



94 ALPHA XI DELTA 



TRAVELING IN NORWAY. 



[Miss Salmer, who is known to our chapters through her work as grand 
Historian of our sorority, spent several months, last summer in Norway, and* 
we are glad to publish just a few words from her concerning that most in- 
teresting country. — Ed.] 

The national development of Norway, together with its past 
history and unusual and wonderful landscape scenery, make it 
one of the most interesting countries of Europe. Contrary to 
the general belief, Norway today keeps pace with the most 
cultured nations of the world. 

Every year hundreds of tourists visit this country of beau- 
tiful sceneries, the picturesque and ever changing view con- 
stantly awakening renewed admiration. Traveling in "The 
Land of the Midnight Sun'' is made delightful and easy by 
means of favorable railway connections, unrivaled steamship 
service and first class hotels in towns, villages and even on 
the mountains. Everything is done for the comfort and con- 
venience of the traveler. It is impossible to praise too highly 
the efforts of the Norwegians in this direction. Hotel accom- 
odations are excellent even in the most remote mountain re- 
gions. Where one would hardly expect to find even an isloated 
house one discovers instead an up-to-date hotel about as in- 
solated as the Evans at Hot Springs. However, there are cer- 
tain particulars which make all the difference in the world. 

The Norwegians are justly proud of their scenery, the 
beauty of which affords a variety of magnificient views. All 
that is beautiful in Nature is to be found in this land. 

CLARA SALMER, EPSILON. 



EVERY DAY COUNCIL 95 



lEu^rg lag fflimttril. 



Q^if^ (tUfoir? of a ^ororttg (Sirl 

The period for the choosing of its new members is undoubt- 
edly the most difficult period in the life of any college society 
and yet for how short a time is any real energy expended upon 
it. We are quite unlike other societies, which are applied to 
for membership — the choosing is here entirely in our own 
hands. It is not too much to say that any girl in the United 
States can be ours if we use the right sort of effort. It is the 
girls, past, present, and future who make the sorority, and the 
choice of them is quite the most vital spot in the entire sorority 
life. 

How then shall we prepare for so important a matter, shall 
we sit idly with folded hands till the few girls who, uninfluenc- 
ed, will come to college, and to **our" college shall have arrived, 
and then smile upon them sweetly and "pop the question?" 
Ridiculous, you say? Yes, but which of us has done so much 
that she could not do any more? Look at your chapter-roll 
and convince yourself if you can that there were only that num- 
ber of girls, even in youf own state worth having. 

An organization is essentially a systemmatized body if it 
is to be effectual. Have we a system, a really tried and proved 
system for rushing? 

There is not a girl among us who does not know at least 
half a dozen splendid high-school-age girls whom nobody else 
in her society knows. How many of them will materalize into 
future sorority sisters? "But we are so busy," comes the 
chorus. Yes, you are busy, which is another word for selfish 
and therefore you are quite hopeless. 

Remember your little friend when she is just beginning 
high school — before she is old enough to be influenced by high- 
school popular fancy as to her choice of college, and before she 



96 ALPHA XI DELTA 

can realize she is not quite a plutocrat perhaps. Take her to 
visit college with you and make her enthusiastic whether she 
will be or not. Prejudice her first for your college, for the 
wonderful spirit which permeates college life alone, and which 
is so awe-inspiring to one of her age. 

If this can be accomplished, three-quarters of the battle 
will be won. Her future work in high-school will be with a 
definite object in view. Then if you choose, you can wait till 
her senior year before giving a second invitation. 

This time she will notice the society. It is not well to 
entertain too elaborately lest she go home despondently sure 
that papa cannot afford it. The only object of prematricula- 
tion rushing is to make her feel that when she arrives, some of 
those already there are her friends. 

More than this is not necessary, and may indeed, tend to 
over-inflate her self-esteem. Is this too much to pay? 

The rushing season proper is only something to be deplor- 
ed and endured. Each of us has felt the strain, and even fresh- 
men are not altogether pleased with constant entertainment 
A little quiet chat with a girl is often more successful than an 
elaborate party. 

The final selection of course requires a different set of fac- 
ulties. Each of us knows, before we have finished, that al- 
though the girls make the sorority, nevertheless quite as es- 
sentially the sorority can and does make the girl. Among pros- 
pective society girls there are both those who make a brilliant 
first impression and those who do not. It frequently proves 
that the afternoon-tea conversations ladies are merely obtru- 
sively ineffectual while the plainer and less sought after 
sisters are unobtrusively but genuinely effectual. Social 
favorites may be a distinct asset, but brains and sound princi- 
ples are more essential. 

These are the sterling qualities and there arc hundreds of 
girls still waiting who possess them. It is for us to choose. 

EMILY GATE, Lambda. 



EVERY DAY COUNCIL 97 

A WORD ABOUT THE PATRONESS. 



What has become of that happy custom of subscribing to 
the journal for the chapter patronesses? A few years ago 
many chapters did this. This year there is but one that is 
thoughtful enough to remember the patronesses with the jour- 
nal, .and this is not a good record in a list of fourteen chapters. 
A patroness gives the chapter the benefit of her influence, 
friendship, hospitality and advice, which reduced to commer- 
cial terms mean time and money. What does she receive in re- 
turn? How often do the girls so much as call upon a patroness, 
who has given her home to the chapter for a social event? Is 
there not a tendency to take such factors too much for granted, 
and so allow the patroness to take our gratitude for granted? 
A student's life is a full one, but however busy, friends should 
not be neglected. The patroness has a busy life also, and we 
are to blame if she sometimes thinks her position is a thankless 
one. The sorority has authorized a badge for patronesses, and 
there is now in the making a ceremony for patronesses. These 
are good as they emphasize the relation of the patroness to the 
chapter, but the use of both badge and ceremony is optional. 
The journal for patronesses should not be a matter of choice 
with a chapter, but a recognition of what is due them. A visit 
from "THE ALPHA XI DELTA" four times a year is a re- 
minder of the gratitude of the girls, and will do a great deal to 
make the patroness feel that she belong^ to the Alpha Xi Delta 
family. ALPHA. 



THE VICISSITUDES OF A HOUSELESS CHAPTER. 

The chapter so fortunate as to possess a home all its own 
is certainly to be congratulated. There its members can live 
together like a big family, uninterrupted, and enjoy the pleas- 
ures of family life. The chapter house has a "homely" atmos- 
phere that is not felt in a dormitory or private boarding house. 
When girls feel that they are living in their own home, they take 
much more pleasure in the furnishing of their rooms. Ample 
opportunity is given to exercise their own tastes in choosing and 



98 ALPHA XI DELTA 

arranging. Each girl can display her particular talent in art, 
or needlework, or what not, in adding to the comforts and at- 
tractions of her college home. 

Then, too a chapter house fosters the sense of freedom and 
independence. It is worth much to be able to have things as 
you like them and to entertain your friends in your own way. 

These are just a few of the advantages we can picture for 
the girls in a chapter house. But when we are not so favored, 
many are the makeshifts and substitutes to which we resort. 
There is always the disadvantage of moving and the bugbear of 
a landlord. 

I remember one ocasion in particular when Delta was en- 
tertaining a few of her friends in a very informal way. The girls 
had engaged for the evening, an apartment adjoining the chapter 
room. While refreshments were being served, the landlord 
spread consternation among guests and hostesses by appearing 
on the scene in a most choleric mood, and imploring us not to 
spoil his carpet and furniture with our dissipations. It took all 
our persuasive powers to pacify him and induce him to leave 
us. But as at all times, even then the use of our wits to make 
what we had answer our purposes best, added a zest and pleas- 
ure to our sorority life. 

Sometimes a chapter can secure the rent of more than one 
room ; this is of course an advantage for the chapter itself, besides 
facilitating its opportunities for entertaining friends. When in 
addition to this, the girls are not restricted by dormitory rules 
they can then to some extent make a home of their sorority 
rooms. 

Our greatest disadvantage, as it seems to me, is that we 
of the houseless chapters are liable not to live so close to one 
another and so miss to a degree that friendship which comes 
from constant close association. Fraternity sisters, who have 
not the advantage of living together all the time should be care- 
ful to cultivate one another and make sure that no girl feels 
lonely or left-out and that there is as far as possible, an at- 
mosphere of perfect congeniality in their chapter. 

LETHA MADDEN, Delta. 



EVERY DAY COUNCIL 99 

HOW SHALL WE SPEND OUR TIME IN 
SORORITY MEETING. 



I fear that if this question were put 'to many of our girls, 
few of us would have an adequate reply, for it arouses more dis- 
cussion than one expects at first sight. 

You of our sisters who enjoy chapter house life can hardly 
realize what the chapter meeting means to those who have not 
that pleasure. To us it is the one time when we are "together 
and alone." During the day, our courses call us different ways. 
We must not be selfish and narrow in our friendship — using that 
word in a broad sense — but we must associate with other sorority 
and non-sorority girls. For it is by no means that we may give 
and receive the benefits which arise from a wide acquaintance, 
and interest in others. 

For the chapter meeting, some object to making a sys- 
tematic study of one another, or debating upon some economic 
law, or tracing the course of the cranial nerves, or observing the 
codenza in Mozart's Rondo from the B flat Sonata. "Oh, can't 
we ever have any relief from study! Study! Let us have some- 
thing else ; we have enough of that all day," they say. 

There are others who maintain that after an orderly and 
dignified business session, the meeting should be devoted to 
something light and pleasant, to something "just to get acquaint- 
ed and enjoy one another." 

All of us realize that there is a great deal to be learned of 
our own sorority, of other sororities and of the Greek world in 
general, and where could there be a better place for all to ac- 
quire this knowledge than in the meeting of one little group in 
the great domain of sisterhood and brotherhood? 

Fortunately there may be a happy combination, an agree- 
able union of study with social pleasure that will give enjoyment 
to all. ANNIE McCOY, Lambda. 



TWO VIEWS OF THE RELATIONS OF ALUMNAE AND 

ACTIVE MEMBERS. 

In my Junior year I was asked to write a short article for 
the Journal on this subject. I wrote an ardent appeal to the 



5^\^^<c^ 



100 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Alumnae to rally around the active chapter with all kinds of ad- 
vice and help. During the years that have passed I have not 
changed my views materially but I have modified them some- 
what. Some experiences of my own chapter and some stories 
which I have heard from other chapters have led me to believe 
that, like all other good things, it is possible for this one to be 
overworked. 

The charge is not that the Alumnae will do too much to 
help the active chapter but that the manner of oflFering help or 
advice, and particularly the latter, may prove somewhat em- 
harassing. Like all troubles which arise from misunderstand- 
ings the fault lies partly on each side. It is very natural for the 
Alumnae to feel that because of their greater age and experi- 
ence they are fitted to give advice and really know more about 
some things than any under graduate can know. This is true in 
a great many instances, but the Alumnae should remember 
that the active chapter usually considers itself capable of carry- 
ing on the business of the chapter, and unless the advice is tact- 
fully offered the alumnae is liable to be accused of trying to 
"run things." 

There is of course reason in both sides of the arg^\nr.ent 
The Alumnae, because of their experience ought to be ^.Me to 
give advice but on the other hand the active chapter is just as 
capable as the alumnae were when they were in college and 
really ought to be allowed to use their own judgment. 

No loyal alumnae member will refuse help or advice when it 
is needed and it is the greatest help that a chapter can have. 
Don't feel hurt however and say disagreeable things if the ac- 
tive chapter doesn't always follow your advice in detail. They 
know conditions in school better than you do and so their judg- 
ment must be the deciding one. GAMMA. 



We alumnae members of the sorority often fail to realize 
that we can do a g^eat deal toward making our chapter succeed. 
As much as our dear sorority has meant to us, and as devoted as 
we have been to it during our student days, many of us hold 
the mistaken idea that our obligation toward it ceases with the 



BVBRY DAY COUNCIL 101 

close of our college like. We feel that our duty is done and that 
we may conscientiously leave the entire work to be borne on 
the shoulders of those left behind. That the duties and respon- 
sibilities of the new life often make g^eat demands on our time 
and strength is true, but certainly all of us can spare some time 
for our precious old frat. The least that we can do is to keep 
the active girls ever convinced that we are still interested. A 
bit of advice, the expression of a little sympathy, an occasional 
helping hand from each alumnae member will do much toward 
smoothing the pathway of the little band of girls back in the 
Alma Mater. If we can thus make the active girls feel that 
they can count on us to come to their aid in times of difficulty, 
by our attitude we shall give them the strength and spirit to do 
and dare great things for Alpha Xi Delta. 

H. B. S. IOTA. 



REMINISCENT. 

The labors and trials of the youthful pedagogue are many, 
but ringing through the quiet of winter evenings of copy books 
and "quiz" papers comes the dear familiar old strain to strengthen 
and cheer, — "Strong are the ties which bind us." Indeed 
they are strong and true, those loving cords which draw each 
and every true loyal wearer of the golden quill. What precious 
memories are aroused by news of the dear, old hearth circle. 
How restful is the assurance that it is ever ready to welcome 
back each absent sister to it's sacred atmosphere, — sacred, yes, 
because it teaches fraternity with it's great uplifting aim of self- 
denial and love for others. All memories of the college days 
are sweet, founded on that love which cannot be shaken, and on 
united loyalty to dear old Alpha Xi. 

LOUISE E. ERB, Theta. 



iEhitomla 



Alpha Xi Delta is published in Noyember, Februair* Maj and Ancoati by the 
Alpha XI Delta Sorority. Office of Pablication 715 8. Union Ave.. Alllanoe, Ohio. 

Address all oommunications to the Bditor-in-Chief. Mrs. S. R. HcKean, MQI 
4th St, WiUiamapori, Pa. 

Second class rates applied for. 

SmkMcrl0tl9m Prtcm: $t,0§ per ymr, pmpmble Im mdvmmc: 

For our Founders' Day of 1909, we wish every chapter a 
completely successful celebration, — ^joyous, because of past and 
present pleasures, and full of high resolves for the future. May 
we as a sorority never forget the ideals and noble aims of our 
founders, but may our achievements in the year before us be in- 
finitely beyond what they ever dared to hope for us. 

♦ * ♦ 

The editor wishes to request every chapter, so far as pos- 
sible, to retain for another year the present JOURNAL corres- 
pondent. Where this is out of the question, we would ask that 
the newly elected correspondent be a member who can retain 
the office for at least two years to come. As will readily be un- 
derstood, compliance with this request would save much trouble 
and time now spent in initiating new correspondents into the 
mysterious use of manuscript paper and a reasonable amount of 
business like promptness. We ask this favor early enough to effect 
those chapters whose election of officers is held in early spring 
but we trust to the Alphas of the other chapters not to forget it 
before their choice of officers is made for next year. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

By courtesy of the Delta Upsilon Quarterly we publish in 
this issue Prof. McDermott's admirable discussion of "The 
Chapter House and its effect on the Fraternity." This article 
in a copyrighted pamphlet form, has been for some months in 
circulation among fraternity and sorority leaders for the pur- 
pose of obtaining their views as to the most effective manner of 
dealing with the chapter house problem. Many of these re- 
sponses have been published in the form of a symposium, from 
which we hope in a subsequent issue to publish some selections. 
At present, however, we copy only Prof. McDermott's article, 
and we urge every Alpha Xi Delta to read it. We almost wish 



BDITORAL 103 

it were in our power to make compulsory a reading of this paper 
in a meeting of each of our chapters. It will stimulate any 
chapter to do its best to remedy the evils of our present system 
of chapter house management. 

Lest some of our sisters should regard this whole discussion 
as foreign to their interests because they are sorority members 
instead of living in chapter house, we wish to emphasize the fol- 
lowing facts: 

1. The sorority's problems and difficulties are in the es- 
sentials identical with those of the fraternity. 

2. Whether or not a chapter occupies a house, it must deal 
with the questions of the moral, intellectual, and social ideals of 
its members, questions raised in this discussion. 



Assuming that our contributors will read Prof. McDer- 
mott's article in this number of our JOURNAL, we invite dis- 
cussion from them upon the ideas contained in this article. We 
would especially appreciate discussion of the various plans sug- 
gested in the following sentences for bettering sorority con- 
ditions: We quote partly from the symposium published in 
connection with Prof. McDermott's article "The intellectual 
element thrust to the front in the weekly meetings of the chap- 
ters." 

"The employment of a fraternity inspector whose business 
shall be to report to the Grand Council every two months. This 
inspector shall confer frequently with certain faculty members." 

"The nearest approach to a genuine home life in the chapter 
houses will be found when we can place in them as chaperones 
members of our own sorority." 

"We need a better mutual understanding between the fra- 
ternal organizations and the college faculties." 

"If fraternities could exclude from chapter houses all mem- 
bers that have not attained the junior year, most of the house 
problems would cease to trouble. By the third year the student 
has found his bearings." 

"To be represented more generally in all departments of 
college life, by the best men, of course, in each kind of work.'* 



104 ALPHA XI DELTA 



"To keep more closely in touch with faculty affairs and 
support the best interests of college." 

"A rigid scholarship committee in the university which will 
not hesitate to send home all who do not do a man's work. 

"The influence of the fraternity cannot be good unless its 
atmosphere is wholesome. Its atmosphere cannot be whole- 
some unless the seniors are earnest, carefully trained men, with 
a keen sense of duty, who will dominate and sway the policy of 
the chapter. A prominent professor here told me that a word 
from a senior had a more salutary effect upon a freshman of the 
same fraternity than any amount of talk from one of the faculty, 
in a case where a freshman was 'down' in his work." 

"Friendly comradeship and oversight on the part of faculty 
and other alumni members ; wise but vigilant supervision by the 
university authorities. 



EXCHANGES 105 



lExrt;mt9^0« 



[Exchanges are requested to send one copy to each of the following: 
Mrs. S. R. McKean, 24Q2 W. Fourth St, Williamsport, Fa. ; Mrs. J. R. Leib, 
1271 West Washington St., Springfield, 111. ; Mrs. J. E. Gihnour, 66 Kennedy 
St, Bradford, Fa.] 

We acknowledge the receipt of the following publications, calling attenion 
to a few of the interesting and instructive articles: 

Beta Theta Pi: 

October — ^''College and Democracy' (Reprint from the London Times.) 
"Students Societies in German Universities." 

November — Bete Phi of Beta : 

Theta Pi has been established at the Colorado. School of Mines. An 
interesting account of this school is given in the November issue. 

At present twenty-eight chapters of Beta Theta Pi own their homes 
while twelve others have made progress toward securing houses of their own. 

The Crescent of Gamma Phi Beta 
October — 

The Shield of Phi Kappa Psii 

October — This number treats largely of the meeting of the Grand Arch 
Council held at Denver, July 1, 1908. 

The attention of our chapters is called to the following editorial: 
College fraternity chapters which went up and down in their fortunes 
like the tide, — which were alternately in the trough and on the crest of the 

wace, — ^used to be very common. The growth of alumni 

ThB ChBptBt influence, the better general organization of Greek letter 

^ societies and the extension of the chapter house move- 

/%S Alt ment have all served to more permanently fix the status 

InstltuttOB ^^ ^^^ average college fraternity chapter. Usually from 

' year to year a more imiform level is preserved, and the 

chapter has become a more continuous institution. 

The chapter as an institution should command the more careful thought 
of the undergraduate membership. The chapter is something more than a 
collection of individuals. It should, as a distinct entity, have a character and 
influence of its own. This it can only have because of the service each chap- 
ter generation renders to the chapter generations which succeed it It is true 
that a weak chapter at any time is not so much a reflection upon the member- 



106 ALPHA XI DELTA 

ship of the chapter as it now exists, as upon the membership of the chapter 
as it exists when the influences of disintegration originated. 

How much thought is given in the average chapter to the permanent 
upbuilding of the chapter, — not to plans affecting only the immediate present^ 
but to those which comprehend the chapter's welfare a half dozen years 
hence? How often is any project in which a chapter or its membership en- 
gages affected by any considerations reaching far into the future? 

Have you ever thought of the extent to which any action of a duster 
may affect the welfare of the chapter in the far-off future? One mistake in 
the selection of a member of the fraternity may very largely determine the 
character of the chapter a few years later. The men of this generation se- 
lect the men who are to form the chapter of the next generation, and these 
in turn choose their own successors, so that in every choice of a member of 
the chapter is involved a change that may stamp itself upon the chapter for- 
ever. 

How many chapters give much thought to the development of a chapter 
policy? Too much discouragement of individuality is not an end to be 
sought in any chapter, but how often does it happen that the failure of the 
members of a chapter to cooperate in the affairs of the college life which 
affect them, and which they affect, destroys a chapter's influence? 

If there is lack of harmony in a chapter, that soon becomes apparent in 
the institution to which it is attached, and the chapter is thereby weakened. 
Lack of loyalty is not to be tolerated in any member of a chapter. The man 
who "knocks" his chapter and his associates in the chapter on the outside 
ought to be put permanently on the outside. No quality in a member makes 
up for lack of loyalty, which in itself stamps any man as being unfit fraternity 
material. Another man little less dangerous is the chapter politician, who 
is given to the exploitation of the chapter for his own advantage, who is pro- 
lific in schemes which tend to divide rather than unite the chapter, and who 
becomes the center of factional contention. 

Thought should be taken, and often taken, of that which will build the 
chapter. First of all the membership of the chapter should be required to 
familiarize itself with the history, the traditions and the policies of the gen- 
eral fraternity, and should be taught that even the chapter is only part of an 
institution larger than itself. Then the members of every chapter should 
know something of the history, the traditions and the policies of that chapter. 
No chapter is likely to have a very healthy life which does not hold meetings 
that are something more than perfunctory gatherings, which does not give 
careful attention to its own business, which does not make the chapter meet- 
ing an event to be looked forward to by the whole membership. The chapter 
meeting is an index of the chapter's life. There one can discover whether 
a chapter really has caught the spirit of the fraternity, whether it is anjrthing 
more than a social club gathered about a Greek letter name. There should be 
those in every chapter who will plan to make the chapter's meetings worth 
while. 



BXCHANGBS 107 

The care with which a chapter keeps its accounts and its records is an- 
other index of its character. Where such work is performed indefferently, 
something is the matter. The officers of the fraternity should be chosen with 
regard to their fitness. Once chosen, they should have the support of the 
whole membership. They should be encouraged to take the whole chapter 
into their confidence in any matter affecting the welfare of the whole chapter. 
A special responsibility rests upon the officers of a chapter for the promotion 
of the chapter's welfare. 

December — 

The Phi Chi Quarterly: 
October — 

The Phi Beta Pi Quarterly: 

October — The last two magazines are medical. Both editions merit hon- 
orable mention for their neat appearance and interesting articles for those 
of medical profession. 

The Elensis of Chi Omega: 

November — 

The Scroll of Phi Delta Theta: 

October — 

December — "Sketches of Universities." A book entitled "Which College 
for the Boy?" Written by John Corbin, has been issued recently by Hough- 
ton, MifHin & Co. It contains most interesting sketches of princeton, Harv- 
ard, Michigan, Cornell, Chicago and Wisconsin, Phi Theta reproduces 
these sketches in condensed form. 

Sigma Kappa Triangle: 
October — 

The Alpha Phi Quarterly: 

November — "Several members from East and West report enjoyable 
Pan-Hellenic gatherings in different summer colonies. We record one of 
special interest: The sorority girls who were at Winona Lake, Indiana, this 
summer gave a dinner at the "Inn." There were twenty-seven present: 12 
Kappa Alpha Thetas, 5 Pi Beta Phis, 3 Kappa Kappa Gammas, Alpha Xi 
Deltas, 1 Kappa Delta, 3 Delta Gammas and one Alpha Phi. Madame Schu- 
man-Heink, who was engaged to sing at Winona Lake is a Phi Mu. She 
came into the parlors and all had the pleasure of meeting her and her hus- 
band, Mr. Rape." 

"Although the most prominent sororities of the present time were founded 
in co-educational colleges where fraternities were already installed, it is in- 
teresting to note that the earliest secret societies among college girls were 
established at independent colleges for women — ^Wesleyan College of Georgia 
and Elmira of New York, Kappa Sigma at the latter being organized in 1856 
under the guidance of the president, Augustus D. Cowles, D. D., Union, '41, 



106 ALPHA XI DELTA 

ship of the chapter as it now exists, as upon the membership of the diapter 
as it exists when the influences of disintegration originated. 

How much thought is given in the average chapter to the permamni 
upbuilding of the chapter, — not to plans affecting only the immediate present, 
but to those which comprehend the chapter's welfare a half dozen years 
hence? How often is any project in which a chapter or its membership en- 
gages affected by any considerations reaching far into the future? 

Have you ever thought of the extent to which any action of a chapter 
may affect the welfare of the chapter in the far-off future? One mistake in 
the selection of a member of the fraternity may very largely determine the 
character of the chapter a few years later. The men of this generation se- 
lect the men who are to form the chapter of the next generation, and these 
in turn choose their own successors, so that in every choice of a member of 
the chapter is involved a change that may stamp itself upon the chapter for- 
ever. 

How many chapters give much thought to the development of a chapter 
policy? Too much discouragement of individuality is not an end to be 
sought in any chapter, but how often does it happen that the failure of the 
members of a chapter to cooperate in the affairs of the college life which 
affect them, and which they affect, destroys a chapter's influence? 

If there is lack of harmony in a chapter, that soon becomes apparent in 
the institution to which it is attached, and the chapter is thereby weakened. 
Lack of loyalty is not to be tolerated in any member of a chapter. The man 
who "knocks" his chapter and his associates in the chapter on the outside 
ought to be put permanently on the outside. No quality in a member makes 
up for lack of loyalty, which in itself stamps any man as being unfit fraternity 
material. Another man little less dangerous is the chapter politician, who 
is given to the exploitation of the chapter for his own advantage, who is pro- 
lific in schemes which tend to divide rather than unite the chapter, and who 
becomes the center of factional contention. 

Thought should be taken, and often taken, of that which will build the 
chapter. First of all the membership of the chapter should be required to 
familiarize itself with the history, the traditions and the policies of the gen- 
eral fraternity, and should be taught that even the chapter is only part of an 
institution larger than itself. Then the members of every chapter should 
know something of the history, the traditions and the policies of that chapter. 
No chapter is likely to have a very healthy life which does not hold meetings 
that are something more than perfunctory gatherings, which does not give 
careful attention to its own business, which does not make the chapter meet- 
ing an event to be looked forward to by the whole membership. The chapter 
meeting is an index of the chapter's life. There one can discover whether 
a chapter really has caught the spirit of the fraternity, whether it is anything 
more than a social club gathered about a Greek letter name. There should be 
those in every chapter who will plan to make the chapter's meetings worth 
while. 



BXCHANGBS 107 

The care with which a chapter keeps its accounts and its records is an- 
other index of its character. Where such work is performed indefferently, 
something is the matter. The officers of the fraternity should be chosen with 
regard to their fitness. Once chosen, they should have the support of the 
whole membership. They should be encouraged to take the whole chapter 
into their confidence in any matter affecting the welfare of the whole chapter. 
A special responsibility rests upon the officers of a chapter for the promotion 
of the chapter's welfare. 

December — 

The Phi Chi Quarterly : 
October — 

The Phi Beta Pi Quarterly: 

October — The last two magazines are medical. Both editions merit hon> 
orable mention for their neat appearance and interesting articles for those 
of medical profession. 

The Elensis of Chi Omega: 

November — 

The Scroll of Phi Delta Theta : 

October — 

December — "Sketches of Universities." A book entitled "Which College 
for the Boy?" Written by John Corbin, has been issued recently by Hough- 
ton, Mifflin & Co. It contains most interesting sketches of princeton, Harv- 
ard, Michigan, Cornell, Chicago and Wisconsin, Phi Theta reproduces 
these sketches in condensed form. 

Sigma Kappa Triangle: 
October — 

The Alpha Phi Quarterly: 

November — "Several members from East and West report enjoyable 
Pan-Hellenic gatherings in different summer colonies. We record one of 
special interest: The sorority girls who were at Winona Lake, Indiana, this 
summer gave a dinner at the "Inn." There were twenty-seven present: 12 
Kappa Alpha Thetas, 5 Pi Beta Phis, 3 Kappa Kappa Gammas, Alpha Xi 
Deltas, 1 Kappa Delta, 3 Delta Gammas and one Alpha Phi. Madame Schu- 
man-Heink, who was engaged to sing at Winona Lake is a Phi Mu. She 
came into the parlors and all had the pleasure of meeting her and her hus- 
band, Mr. Rape." 

"Although the most prominent sororities of the present time were founded 
in co-educational colleges where fraternities were already installed, it is in- 
teresting to note that the earliest secret societies among college girls were 
established at independent colleges for women — ^Wesleyan College of Georgia 
and Elmira of New York, Kappa Sigma at the latter being organized in 1856 
wider the guidance of the president, Augustus D. Cowles, D. D., Union, '41, 



108 ALPHA XI DELTA 

and a member of what afterwards became a chapter of Delta Upsiloo. The 
growth of the sororities between 1870 and 1880 was necessarily slow, for the 
higher education of women was scarcely an accomplished fact, but die quarter 
century since that period has seen the establishment of over two hundred 
chapters by more than a score of sororities. Profiting by the experience of 
their brothers' fraternities, college girls have been able to work out in a 
comparatively short time a splendid system of organization and have gone 
even a step farther in perfecting an Intersorority Conference, which, although 
still in its infancy, has much to its credit in the line of accomplishment and 
bids fair, unless all signs fail, to becofhe a force of no mean moment in col- 
lege and sorority life. — D. K. E. Quarterly, 

The Lyre of Alpha Chi Omega 

November — Omicron chapter of Alpha Chi Omega was installed in 
Baker University at Baldwin, Kas., Sept 1906. 
Mud on Wheels. 

Doubt and distrust will not bring triumphs. The girl who joins a sorority 
and then begins to find fault with its management, criticises its oflficers and 
otherwise to create doubt and distrust among members and non-members, is 
to be pitied for her lack of horse-sense. She wants the sorority to get results 
— but everything she does and says has a tendency to prevent the thing she 
most desires. In fact, she is herself an obstacle in the way of progress, a 
stumbling block to her sorority. Good results for any sorority are never ob- 
tained by girls of this character. The girls who get results are the girk who 
have confidence in themselves, in their fellowmen and in those who are try- 
ing to improve the conditions of the sorority. These girls prove their faidi 
by their works, and win their goal by striving for it They are the power 
which makes the wheels move forward. The knockers who do nothing but 
doubt and complain, are just so much mud on the wheels. — ^The Parchment 

The Garnet and White-Alpha Chi Rho : 

November — 

Desmos of Delba Sigma Delta: 
November — 

The Phi Gamma Delta: 

November — 
From an editorial — 

SCHOLARSHIP STANDARDS, 

Just now it is interesting to note what seems a well-defined movement 
in the fraternity world toward higher standards of scholarship for the mem- 
bers. The encouragement to stronger scholarship has taken various forms. 
In the men's fraternity it is chiefly by way of official comment and pubHe 
recognition of the achievements of the scholars. For instance. Alpha Tan 



EXCHANGES 109 

Omega publishes a biographal roll of honor, including all its under-graduate 
members who have achieved special scholastic distinction. 

The reaction from the opposite tendencies which educators have been 
decrying for a decade is a salutary one, and the chief problem is to find the 
most effective way to effectuate the reform. In final analysis it is simply a 
question of educating student sentiment. The Wisconsin chapter a year ago 
adopted what seems an excellent plan of recognizing good class work among 
Its freshmen. A loving cup was presented by the class of 1907, on which each 
semester is to be engraved the name of the freshman with the highest 
scholastic standing. It serves to educate sentiment at the time when the 
greatest stimulus is needed — ^in the freshman class; and with the momentum 
of one year's work well done, high class standing may be maintained with 
little drudgery. 

The Delta of Sigma Nu: 
November — 

*'The Chapter House and Its Leadership." Walter James Sears, 
"A Pilgrimage to the Pounders:" 

The Arrow of Pi Beta Phi: 

November-'This number treats largely of Pi Beta Phi in Y. W. C A. 
work. The account of the national work, the industrial work, and a sketcht 
"A Bit of Real Life," show the great work accomplished by the Y. W. C A. 

The Trident of Delta Delta Delta : 

November—Delta, Delta Delta has installed her twenty-sixth chapter at 
DePauw. 

The Mask of Kappa Psi: 
November — 

The Alpha Tau Omega Palm: 

December-'The Twenty-first biennial congress of Alpha Tau Omega was 
held in Pittsburg, Dec. 50, Jan. 2. 

The Purdue Alpha Tau Omega house was recently damaged by fire. 

The Delta Upsilon Quarterly : 

December — The 74th convention of Delta Upsilon was held at Swartfa- 
more in October. One of the most notable features of the gathering was 
the "Daily Tringle," Three issues of ordinary newspaper size, containing 
historical sketches, photographs, jests, etc, were distributed. 

Delta Upsilon has revived its chapter at Miami: 

"Union College — Mother of Fraternities" is a most interesting article. 

Themis of Zeta Tau Alpha i 
November-^ 



110 ALPHA XI DELTA 

To Dragma of Alpha Omicom Pi: 

November — This number contains accounts of the establisment of Alpha 
Omicorn Pi's new chapter at the University of Maine and Comdl Uiiifcr* 
sity. 

The Parchment of Sigma Delta, Chi: 
November — 

The Delta Chi Quarterly : 
September — 

The Record of Sigma Alpha Epsilon 
December — 

Kappa Alpha Journal: 
June — 



ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

The Delta Upsilon Fraternity announces the Re-establishment of tbe 
Miami Chapter at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, November twcnty-cigbt, 
1908. ?< 

Pi Beta Phi announces the establishment of Ontario Alpha Chapter at 
the University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, Friday, December the eleventh, 
1908. -i^ 

Delta Delta Delta announces the establishment of Omega Chapter at 
Leland Stanford, Jr. University, Pola Alto, Canifornia, Saturday, Janoary 
the sixteenth, 1908. 

Kappa Alpha Thelta announces the resignation of her Albion chapter 
November eighteenth, 1908. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 



'SubM 


|[MK^a» 


mL"-it& 


Sjfttpra. 


IB 



car Sister Chapters: 

On the fifth of December, Miss Hortense Stebbins, Miss Amy Cole and 
iss Gladys Partridge were initiated into Alpha chapter. The initiation 
as followed by a dinner at the Union hotel and a theatre party in the even~ 
g. The alumnaes present Miss Ericson, Miss Linquist of Galesburgand Miss 
les of Macomb. The party was chaperoned by Mrs. Harriet B. Dudley. 

After the Thanksgiving holidays, the Alphas enjoyed a spread at the 
ime of Phyllis Jones. Each girl contributed some dainty brought from 
me for the feast. 

A Christmas celebration was held at the home of Margaret Barrett, Dec 

I7lh. Mabel Hendel. 



•eetings to all Sisters: 

Our girls returned from their vacation laden with New Year's resolution 
id in the best of trim for renewed school work. We started the year nine- 
M hundred and nine with the largest chapter enrollment we have had for 
me time, for our number is sixteen active girls. Pledge day passed most 
ccessfully for Beta and we promptly announce the names of Elva Patts, 
Be Peden, Ethel Caris, Bess Randel, Blanche Heiserman, Etta Lauer and 
orence Coolidge as new sisters in Alpha Xi Delta. Our Pledge day was 
Dst delightful and we celebrate in royal style at the home of Mabel Day. 
tree of our ever-interested alumnae from Chicago had provided a huge box 
good things for the occasion and one of our patronesses had sent a gen- 
oua supply of Alpha roses to be worn in honor of the happy event. We 
Tc a proud lot of Alphas who marched into chapel the morning of pledge 

A typical Alpha spread was given at Florence Ste[Aens' recently in honor 
Mildred Brady— Merchon of Chicago, who spent a few days with the 
apter. It centainly seemed good to have our last year's president with (U 
aio and a most jolly and enthusiastic time was had in singing Alpha songs 
d listening to the glowing accounts of an "experienced" house keeper. 



112 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Another informal spread was given as a farewell party for Myrtle Laner, 
who soon leaves with her parents for Colorado which will be their fntae 
home. Beta regrets exceedingly to lose this sister for she has always beeu 
one of her most enthusiastic workers. 

Our patroness, Mrs. Applegate entertained the chapter recently at a thea- 
tre party which was greatly enjoyed. Miss Helen Schell, an Alpha Phi of 
Northwestern, who attends Wesleyan this year very delightfully entertained 
our chapter at a Kensington. Light refreshments were served and an en- 
joyable afternoon spent. 

Wishing all chapters the best of all good things for the year ninetesa 
hundred and nine, I am, 

Fraternally, 

Mabel L. Duncan, 



Dear Sisters: 

Gamma sends warmest greeting to all Alphas and wishes them the best 
of success in the new year. Before the old year left us, it saw us well started 
on another college year, with three new members introduced into the myster- 
ies of Alpha Xi Delta. 

One of the most enjoyable functions of the year was the reception given 
our new President, Rev. W. H. McMaster, in the College halls on Jan. llth. 
Mr. McMaster gave a most interesting talk, after which, he greeted person- 
ally, all those present. Each of the classes participated in the affair by giv- 
ing in turn, their class songs and yells. Mr. McMaster is an alumnus of 
Mt. Union and many of his old friends and acquaintances took occasion to 
greet him at this time. 

The fraternities of Mt. Union recently received notice from Alphi 
chapter of Delta Gamma, of its withdrawal from the general fraternity. 
This leaves Alpha Xi Delta alone in the National Sorority world of Mt 
Mt. Union. Fraternally, 

K. Olive Bracket, 



DELTA. 

Dear Sisters: 

Delta chapter extends to all her sister chapters a New Year's greeting 
wishing them happiness and success throughout the coming year. 

After a pleasant Christmas vacation nineteen girls are back to begin tiie 
responsibility of a new term. 

Delta was well remembred this year by Christmas gifts from friends 
Mrs. Miller, our patroness presented us with a beautiful tablecloth and 
napkins, something which we appreciate very much. 

Some unknown friend sent us a punch bowl with glasses. We should 
like very much to know the sender of this lovely gift It is the custom of 
Delta for the girls to present the chapter room with a Christmas gift This 



CHAPTER LETTERS 113 

year we gave a large Alpha banner to the room. Several of the old girls have 
made known their intentions to send us gifts also. 

We have a new room of which we are very proud and we expect to get 
some new furniture soon. 

In the evening of December 19th, 1908, the Alpha girls were entertained 
at the home of Mrs. B. H. Miller with a dinner. At the dinner the engage- 
ment of sister Alice Stevenson, '09 and Mr. Roy Miller, *W was announced. 
We had a delightful time and wish Alice all the happiness in the world. 

Several new girls are in college this term but we have done little rush- 
ing. Next month we expect to have our informal With best wishes. 

Yours Sin. 

Jessie A, Smith. 



EPSILON. 
Dear Sisters: 

I am sure you will all be glad to know that Ellen Ball has paid Epsilon 
a visit. She came on November the seventh and was obliged to leave on the 
tenth, so you see our time was very short. The first day of her visit was 
Sunday so we all had dinner together at one of the hotels. On Monday after- 
noon there was a reception to the ladies and wives of the faculty at the home 
of our patroness, Mrs. A. B. MacDaniels. Light refreshments were served 
and by way of entertainment the following program was given. 

Allegro, Sonata Op. 7 Grieg 

Helen Frazee. 

Absence Alfred £. Little 

Margherita Sheldon. 
Reading — Laska 

Fannie Marquis. 

Love Story from Fireside Tales Mac Dowell 

Lois Nichols. 

Return of Spring Mendelssohn 

Lillian Ellis. 
On Monday evening a reception was given to the other societies at the 
home of our patroness, Mrs. W. R. Grange. Early on Tuesday afternoon 
came our regular business meeting and the inspection. 

Since initiation there are nineteen of us in alL The pledges have all 
become good workers for the honor of Alpha Xi Delta. 

Mary A, Nichols 



ZETA. 
Dear Sisters : 

Zcta sends hearty greetings and best wishes for a successful year. 

Vacation was very pleasant but we were all very glad to be together 
ooce again. 



114 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Shortly before school closed for the Holidays, Mrs. John L. Zimmer- 
man entertained informally at tea for our other patronesses and as. 

New Years' eve Mss Anna PiefFer entertained in honor of her niece* 
Mrs. Leo Miller, nee Leta Condi. All the city Alphas were invited. 

Wittenberg College expressed its appreciation of its foot ball team by 
means of a receiption, in December. Preparations are now being made to 
secure a first class coach, — possibly an Indian, — for next year. 

As a Christmas gift, Dr. Hamma, Wittenberg's greatest benefactor 
gave $50,000 to the college. 

The Senior class has elected Edith Smith historian and Hazel Wright 
secretary. The Faculty elected Clara Domblaser to give an essay on Com- 
mencement day. Fraternally, 

Bula Hajsel Witight 



ETA. 
Dear Sisters: 

Another year half gone and the mid-year examinations here. Every 
Eta girl is spending all her time with her books. No spreads, parties or 
frivolities of any kind until every exam, is passed. It seems hard to settle 
down to study after our care free Christmas vacation but it makes us dp- 
precoate more the pleasures enjoyed then. 

During the vacation, there was a very fine scientific exhibition given 
in Lyman Hall of Natural Science. Exhibits were brought from several 
colleges making the display exceptionally good. We only wish that more 
of the students could have had the advantage of seeing it, as it was very 
helpful. 

Since the last Journal we have pledged and initiated two more girls, 
Ellen Averton of Belleville, N. Y., and Florence Skeel of Fulton, N. Y. 
They are both '12 girls making nine in our Freshman delegation, 
tion. 

We wish to tell Zeta Chapter that we have a pair of twins also, Lou 
and Lisle Leonard. We wonder if you have as much fun and trouble tell- 
ing your twins apart as we do ours. 

Our Freshman party was a decided success this year. It is a formal 
dance to which we invite only Freshman men to meet our Freshman girls. 
The rooms were trimmed with palms, carnations and Alpha Xi Delta roses. 
Upstairs games of various kinds were provided for those who did not dance, 
every one seemed to have as good a time as we could have wished. 

Eta sends wishes that the remaining college months may be most suc- 
cessful and happy. 

Helen Truair, 



THETA. 
Dear Alpha Xi Delta Sisters : 

Theta wishes to announce that she is planning her annual camping 



CHAPTER LETTERS 115 

party on Lake Monona, the lest week in June. Varsity closes June 23rd and 
camp will open June 24th. All the girls are very anxious to have Alpha 
Xi Deltas from other chapters come. 

On Nov. 14 we entertained at an informal dancing party at Keeleys. 
About thirty couples were in attendance. Miss Field, Prof, and Mrs. 
Goodnight, and Prof, and Mrs. Bode chaperoned. The out-of-town guests 
were Nell Angell, '06, Florence Simon, '08, Irene Albers and Helga Ekern. 

Semester examinations are scheduled for Feb. 8th to 17th and the new 
semester opens Feb. 23rd. 

On the evening of Dec. 19th we entertained the altunnae fi^rls, who had 
returned to Madison for the holidays and the town girls' mothers. We had 
an Xmas tree and each person received a g^ft, supposedly a joke, with an 
appropriate verse. 

On January 9th Theta entertained about eighty girls at a matinee dance 
at the Woman's Building. Miss Field, Mrs. Bode, and Mrs. Goodnight as- 
sisted in receiving. 

The Wisconsin girls' Merry Widow hats have caused a great sensa- 
tion and the girls of each class have met and discussed the advisability of 
wearing small hats. The freshmen decided to wear white felt hats with 
white bands; sophomores black felt, Juniors black felt and Seniors the mor- 
tar board. Most of the girls however, cling to the more becoming Merry 
Widow in spite of all discussion. Report said that the Faculty started the 
"so-called reform" movement, but this has been denied. 

Frances C. Albers. 



IOTA. 
Dear Sisters: 

The Iota "Mary-go-round" has just returned with its thick budget of 
greetings from Alphas near and far. As soon as a full account of chapter 
news is written, it will whirl away again to the alumnae girls. 

The Pan Hellenic Association of the university is to present the play, 
**A Box of Monkeys" on February 12. The non-sorority girls are to be 
the guests, and a reception will be given them after the play. Mary Fran- 
ces Chadwick and Crystal Courtney are Alpha's representatives in the cast 
and have leading parts assigned them. 

During the Winter Course in Agriculture the University Grange takes 
a prominent part in the entertainment of the visiting farmers fro mall parts 
of the state, with receptions, degree- work, etc. Mary and Leda Atkeson 
are respectively Worthy Flora and Lady Assistant Steward of the local 
organization. 

The quarterly meeting of the University Woman's League was held 
January 12, in Commencement Hall. It took the form of a mock wedding 
in which Mrs. Woman's League gave her daughter. Miss W. Virginia Co- 
ed, in marriage to Mr. Bachelor of Arts (Crystal Courtney). Needless to 
say the appointments were in the most approved style. The ushers, brides- 



116 ALPHA XI DELTA 

maids, flower girls, bride's relatives, etc., were university girls, the ceremonj 
was perfect in its nonsense, and the whole event was a great success 
Leola Smith was one of the bridesmaids, and Lillian Smith made the hit 
of the evening as "Johnny" the bride's small brother. After the ceremony 
the bride's mother received the wedding guests at a reception in the Gymr 
nasium. 

The Winter Term Convocation address was delivered by Dr. Henry S. 
Pritchett, President of the Cam^ie Foundation for the Advancement of 
Teaching. We hope that West Virginia University may soon be placed on 
the list of approved schools by the Foundation committee. 

Iota has been very fortunate in having a "frat room" this year. My, 
how we did work to get it fixed up in time for the rushing season. It looks 
very cosy and we have had many good times in it We gave several in- 
formal teas for the new g^rls last term, also a chafing-dish party for the 
boys, which proved a success. 

Our initiation and banquet were held in the new sorority room on the 
evening of November 26, when we initiated into Alpha Xi Delta, Leola 
Smith, niece of Governor-elect Glasscock. Leola has made her home with 
her uncle for a number of years. We are proud to introduce our new sis- 
ter, as she is a loyal Alpha and enters heartily into the work. 

Elizabeth Sadler entertained the chapter at a six o'clock dinner De- 
cember 5. The sorority colors were used effectively in the table decorations 
and the favors included a toothpick and a piece of chewing gum. After a 
bountiful dinner of the best things you ever ate, we all retired to the par- 
lors to model animals from our chewing gum. Quite a lively half hour was 
spent in this way, some of the girls proving to be very good artists. We 
were all glad that the evening train was late and enjoyed every minute of 
the extra hour it gave. 

We had the pleasure of having Mrs. Elsie Jones-Stooksberry of Gam- 
ma chapter with us at initiation and also at the dinner-party. Professor 
Stooksberry is teaching in the Fairmont Normal School at Fairmont, W. 
Va., just twenty- five miles south of Morgantown, so we hope to have Elsie 
with us very often in the future. 

Many social events are scheduled for the winter quarter. The Annual 
Military Ball is to take place the 19th of February and will probably be the 
most brilliant affair in the history of the University. 

The annual open meeting of the Beowulf Gedricht will occur February 
20th. 

Mary M. Atkeson. 



KAPPA. 
Dear Sisters: 

Kappa sends the greetings of the New Year to all sister chapters, and 
hopes that the, coming year will be one filled with high aims and noble 
achievements for all the members of Alpha Xi Delta. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 117 

As a result of the rushing season we initiated Hula and Inez English 
of Bloomington, 111., Myrtle Goldcrown, '12, of Gardner, 111., Gertrude Mc- 
Mackin, '12, of Roanoke, 111., Louise Jenner, '12,Evansville, Ind, Eva Ded- 
rich, 12, of Geneso, 111., and Byne Goodman, *12, Champaign, 111. The 
eleventh of January Jessie Campbell, *10, Florence Basset, 10, Homer, 111., 
and Ruth Witaker, 12, Chicago, 111., were initiated. We are very glad to 
welcome these new sisters into Kappa and introduce them to all Alpha 
members. 

We are all busily preparing for the mid-year "exams." and this, as you 
all know, means a retirement from the world with a pile of books and a 
"grouchy" temper. So fare thee well, sisters all, until we emerge with hap- 
py faces and sunny dispositions. 

Grace Spencer. 



LAMBDA. 
Dear Sisters: 

May the New Year be happier and more prosperous than ever for all 
the chapters! 

Since the last time we wrote our membership has increased from eleven 
to fifteen, by the addition of four freshmen to our number. We are most 
fortunate this year, in getting such nice girls, as the rushing has been unu- 
sually hard and strenuous. The initiation took place on December the 
thirteenth, at the home of Marion Orne, '07, and we welcomed to our num 
ber the following new sisters: — 

Edith Harriet Bradford, Somerville, 
Helen Camille Jackson, Medford, 
Lillian Cora Smith, Exeter, 
Lena Frances Fuller, Chelsea. 

Besides our big rush party, and several smaller ones, Mrs. Carrie Sib- 
ley-Saunders kindly entertained many of the freshmen girls at her pretty 
home in Brookline. After enjojring "bridge," a dainty spread was served. 

The"Flag rush," a custom which is always enjoyed at Tufts, was car- 
ried out with its usual fervor this year, and the freshmen are still exulting 
about their victory over the sophomores. 

We all enjoyed a good time recently at the home of Ethel Aiken, in 
Everett. After a luncheon, we made the occasion happier by learning soma 
new sorority songs. 

On December the eighteenth, we gave a real Christmas party in the 
Gymnasium, to introduce our new members. The first part of the evening 
was devoted to cards, after which we enjoyed dancing until midnight. The 
"Gym." looked especially merry in its holiday attire. 

Our Christmas tree, which we enjoy together with the alumnae, was 
held at the home of Persis Hannah. Santa Claus showered us all with 
appropriate gifts. 



118 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Our own Christmas was perhaps made more happy, because of the ap- 
preciation of a grateful family, to whom our chapter gave a Christmas 
dinner. 

In the '09 play, "Higby of Harvard," which was given before the All 
Around Club, our three seniors took part. Later the juniors were as well 
represented in "The Elopement of Ellen." 

Fraternally, 

Elsie May Chandler. 

MU 

Dear Sisters: 

Mu chapter sends to you all her best wishes for a most delightful and 
successful year. 

On November the fourteenth the pretty wedding of Mina Shaetzel, '08, 
to Dr. William Sidney Hitchings, '08, took place at the home of the bride's 
mother. Miss Marie Shaetzel acted as maid of honor. Miss Lucy White 
sang "Oh Promise Me," and Miss Grace Gilbert played "Lohengrin's" wed- 
ding march as the bridal party entered. Three Alpha Xi Delta girls assisted, 
Grace Gilbert, Clara Beck and Helen Spink. Besides the immediate rela- 
tives and friends there were several girls of Mu chapter. Among them 
were Vinnie Hitching, the groom's sister, Georgia Belle Elwell, Mary Shiely, 
Lucy White, Grace Gilbert, Clara Beck and Helen Spink. Dr. and Mrs. 
Hitchings are now living at Belbrade, Minnesota. 

Miss Leila McDermott gave an informal tea November 13, at her home 
for Mu chapter and a few friends. 

We noticed in all the Journal letters that each chapter had a number 
of new initiates to introduce to us. We are very sorry not to be able to 
do the same but according to the Pan-Hellenic rules here at Minnesota, 
Pledge day does not come until the third week in April. 

Minnesota is sorrowing greatly over the resignation of President North- 
rup which is to take effect at the close of this school year. 

Our annual Christmas party was held this year at the home of Elsie 
Lathrop. The house was very prettily decorated in pink roses. Each girl 
gave an Xmas present to Mu's chapter room and besides this there was a 
small Xmas tree which held small presents for each Alpha. 

Very fraternally yours, 

Helen Spink. 



NU. 
Dear Sisters: 

Nu sends New Year's greetings to all her sister chapters. 

On the evening of December 19th, the Saturday before the girls left for 
their homes to spend the holidays, the active members, pledges and alumnae 
enjoyed Christmas tree party at the chapter house. Presents in the nature 
of jokes were received by every girl. As the presents were being dbtrib- 
uted, two lovely gifts for the house were found on the tree, one of which 



CHAPTER LETTERS 119 

came from Mary Kay and the other from Marion Wrigley of Alpha chap- 
ter. These gifts were, indeed, greatly appreciated. 

Hallowe'en was celebrated by a party at the house. The rooms were 
decorated with autumn leaves and jack-o-lanterns. After passing the even- 
ing with games fitting the occasion, cider and doughnuts, popcorn and apples 
were served. 

An informal dance was held at the house during the Thanksgiving va- 
cation. 

Although we cannot initiate our pledges, according to the new faculty 
ruling until the second semester, they received their first introduction to 
Alpha's nanny goat on the evening of January 9th. This introduction sat- 
isfied us completely with regard to the enduring qualities of our pledges, 
and proved them worthy of advance honors in Alpha Xi Delta. The reg- 
ular initiation will take place about February 1st. 

Nu is very busy planning for its one big reception of the year. This 
will be held at the Chapter House during the afternoon and evening of 
Feb. 5th, and will serve to introduce the newly initiated pledges to the 
university world. 

During the last few weeks, Nu's members have been filled with sym 
pathy for Lela* Parker, one of our seniors, whose mother died during the 
Christmas holidays, following a very brief illness. Through Mrs. Parker's 
death, Nu has lost one of its best friends, for she was always ready to help 
the girls in any way that she could. 

So far this year our chapter our sorority has the best place in scholar- 
ship and the president has written us several nice notes commending our 
high standing. 

Adelaide Fischer, W 



XI. 
Dear Alpha Xi Delta Sisters: 

Our second term has begun very auspiciously. At the very beginning 
of the team we received the welcome news, that the Court of Appeals, by 
unanimous vote of its members, upheld the constitutionality of the law en- 
acted at the last session of the Legislature, by the terms of which $570,000 
was appropriated for the advancement of education in Kentucky. This is 
the largest appropriation of public moneys ever made in Kentucky for edu- 
cational purposes and $225,000 of this amount has been appropriated to our 
University. 

Mary Estill Scott, of Richmond, Kentucky, one of Psi's charter mem- 
bers was initiated into Alpha Xi Delta November 27. She was graduated 
from the University in 1906 and was one of the brightest and most popular 
girls of her class. She is teaching, this year at Pineville, Ky. We are indeed 
glad to welcome her into Alpha Xi Delta. 

During the Thanksgiving holidays, Eva Nunnelly entertained with an 
elegant dinner party at her home on West High St The party was given 



120 ALPHA XI DELTA 

in honor of Mary Scott and the Alpha Xi Delta girls were the guests. The 
table was decorated in white chrysanthemums and the dinner was served 
in several delicious courses. 

Basket ball season is at its height at State University. Several of our 
girls are playing this year and with Nell Wallis as captain we have every 
reason to expect a winning team. 

Several of our g^rls gave our room Christmas presents, consisting of 
pictures, pennants, pillows and a beautiful white skin with Alpha Xi Delta 
coat of-arms in buff. Lida Jones. 



BOSTON ALUMNAE. 
Dear Girls: 

Boston Alumnae wishes all her Alpha Xi Delta Sisters a bright and 
happy New Year. 

The last Saturday in October our first meeting for the season was held 
with Betsey Harmon-Lowe, *04, at her new home in Somerville. You will 
remember that Betsey was our June bride. We had a large and enthusi- 
astic meeting. Gussanda Countyway, '04 was with us again. Last year she 
taught in Helena, Montana, but is now in the East once more. 

Our chief discussion was as to how we could improve the nature of 
our meetings and how to enliven the interest of our girls in the "Alpha Xi 
Delta." In respect to the latter we finally decided that two articles were 
to be sent to the Editor from Boston Alumnae for each issue of the Jour- 
nal and a vote was carried to that effect. Of course we may not be so for- 
tunate as to have one of these articles chosen each time, but they will show 
our interest. The girls of the Alumnae chapters are older and more widely 
experienced, and so should have something worth while to write. 

Since the meeting at her home Betsey Harmon-Lowe has been operated 
upon for appendicitis, but is now quite well again. 

Our November meeting was at the home of Ethel Fuller, '08, in Everett 
We were glad to have with us Olive Ryan, *03. We do not see Olive as 
often as we should like, because she is teaching in Westerly, R. I., too far 
away for her to be able to attend our meetings. 

The day after Christmas the Tufts College Alumnae Association had 
its Annual Business Meeting and Luncheon at the Hotel Bellevue, in Bos- 
ton. Lena Abbe, '01, was elected president and Lucy Gardner, '97, corre- 
sponding secretary. At the luncheon Grace Carleton Mansfield, ex-*98, was 
toastmistress. Gussanda Countway, '04 responded to the toast of the "Tufts 
College Woman as a Teacher," and Laila Campbell Nye, *06, to that of 
"The Tufts College Woman in Business." Julia Gibbs-Adams, *03, was called 
upon to give an impromptu toast in "The Tufts College Woman in Medi- 
cine." She responded in her usual bright and witty manner. We were 
pleased to have so many of our girls take such prominent parts. 

After the luncheon we Alpha Xi Delta girls went to the home of Guss- 



ENGAGEMENTS, MARRIAGES, 121 

anda Countway in Somerville. We were to play bridge, but were so busy 
talking over the luncheon and telling the girls who were not there about it, 
that bridge received only a small share of our attention. We had a most 
delicious spread. We all went home well pleased with our day and the part 
that Alpha Xi Delta had taken in it. 

LaUa Campbell Nye, Boston Alumnae, 



Sttj^agrm^ntB 



Delta. 
Delta wishes to announce the engagement of Miss Alice Stevenson, '09, 
Columbus, Ohio, to Mr. Roy Miller, '09, Braddock, Pennsylvania. 

Eta. 

The engagement of Molly Curtis, '09 and Mr. Joseph Friedel of Syr- 
acuse has been announced. 

The engagement of Laura Tobin, 1911, to Mr. John Lautz, Delta UpsUon, 
of Buffalo, N. Y., is announced. 

Lambda. 

The engagement is announced of Phebc Chandler Johnson, '06, to Mr. 
Arthur Murdock, of New York City. 

The engagement of Annie Rebecca McCoy, '08 to Mr. Gilbert Dixon 
Boyd, Delta Upsilon, *09, was recently announced. 



Epsilon. 
The marriage of Miss Nina Wallace of Pochantas, la., to Mr. R. Jassa- 
men of Scotland, S. D., has been announced. 

Eta. 
At Ifort Edward N. Y., Dec. 1908 occurred the marriage of Lena 
Crammond, ex. '08, to Rev. James Harvey Dunhann, Phi Gamma Delta. 

Mu. 

The marriage of Mina Schaetzel, to Dr. William Sidney, Hitchings, 
Phi Beta Pi. '08, took place Nov. 14, 190a 

Alliance Alumnae. 
December 30th, Beulah Kirlin to Rev. Homer H. Moore, Sigma Nu, 
They will reside in Pembina, North Dakota. 



122 ALPHA XI DELTA 



%irtl|0 



Alpha. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Sam O. Logan (Eskridge Pittman) of Prescott, 
Ark., a daughter, Florence, October the tenth. 

Born, a daughter, to Mr. and Mrs. John Andrew, (Grace Schnur), Oc- 
tober 28th. 

Delta. 

Bom to Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Erskine (Virginia Stewart), December 
6th, 1908, a son, William Henry. 

Epsilon. 

Born to Mrs. and Mrs. E. Sweet, a daughter, James Edward, on January 
thirteenth, Rayid City, S. D. 

Iota. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. E. B. Quick (Drusilla V. Johnson,), a daughter, 
Martha Emma, on October sixth, Morgantown, W. Va. 

Lambda. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Charles Van Ness Needham (Flounce Garton, *0S) 
a son, Joseph Garton Needham, Nove. 22, 1908, Brandon, Vt. 

Bom to Professor and Mrs. William K. Dennlson (patroness) a son, 
Richard Rowland, on Oct 6, 1908. 



ALPHA. 

Miss Berta Pittman and Miss Leila Bally spent the Thanksgiving 
holidays as guests of Miss Mabel Hendel. 

Miss Hortense Stebbins spent the Thanksgiving holidays with Miss 
Amy Cole of Williamsfield, III. 

Miss Grace Schoettler of Buda, 111., visited recently Margaret Barett, 
of Galesburg. 

Miss Mima Hughes spent several days in Galesburg visiting friends 

Miss Florance Kober of Macomb was a Lombard visitors, Oct. 24, 25. 

Mr. and Mrs. Earl Colby (Florence Hollister) have moved to Marshall 
Minnesota. 

Miss Mabel Irwin is attending St. Lawrence University. Miss Irwin'? 
fldress is Box 761, Canton, New York. 

A department of Music and Dramatic Art has been added to the **Lom 
ard Review." Miss Nell Provost was elected editor. 

Miss Virginia Denny has a position as teacher in the public schools at 
£rcat Falls, Montana. 



PERSONALS 123 

Miss Mabel Sammons of Joliet was elected a member of the national 
executive board of Y. P. Q. U. at their recent convention. 

Mrs W. D. Buchanan (Jennie Marriot) of Tacoma, Wash., was recently 
called east by the illness and death of her father at La Moille, Iowa. 

Miss Phylis Jones of Galesburg has been absent from school for several 
weeks on account of the serious illness of her mother. 

Mary Thorn of Elgin is teaching in the public schools of Chicago. Her 
address 416 Park Street, Elgin. 



BETA. 

Elizabeth Lauer visited at Hershey Hall a few days this week. 

May Johnson spent part of her Christmas vacation visiting relatives at 
Burlington. 

Myrtle Lauer and Elva Potts attended an over-Sunday house party at 
Richland last week. 

Effie Peden and Elva Potts visited friends in Fairfield during vacation 

Amy and Alice Cheney and Bess Randel were initiated into the P. E. O. 
sisterhood by their home chapters recently. 

Louise Brady was recently elected president of the House Organization 
at Hershey Hall. 

Alice Cheney was elected president of Y. W. C. A. this year. 

Mabel Duncan was elected to the Senior class play committee. 

An Alpha dinner party was given at Albia New Year's evening. Maud 
Maiken, '06, from South Dakota, Helen, Coe, '08, from Muscatine, Blanche 
Heiserman from Albia and Mabel Duncan from Mt. Pleasant and some 
specially invited guests were present. 



GAMMA. 

Marie Riker spent a part of her Christmas vacation with the girls at 
the frat house. 

Maud Grove, Nita Hessin and Bessie Sanor are Gamma's latest in- 
itiates. 

Mabel Heckler spent several days with Marie Riker at Ohio Wesleyan 
recently. 

Nlta Hessin visited relatives in Sidney, O. during the holidays. 

Lucille Strong, who has been teaching in the high school at Columbiana, 
gave up her position at the holidays, on account of ill health and is now at 
her home in North Benton. 

Nancy Copeland spent Saturday and Sunday with the girls a short time 
ago. 

Olive Bracher visited her sister in Pittsburg before the holidays. 

Nellie Saltsman spent the holidays with her parents in Carrollton, O. 



124 ALPHA XI DELTA 

EPSILON. 

Margaret Miller spent the holidays at her home in Vermillion. 

Julia Sweet spent several days of the Christmas vacation with friends 
in Yankton, S. D. 

Alice Brenne visited us during her short Thanksgiving recess. 

Owing to her mother's illness Marghereta Sheldon returned to her home 
for several weeks. We were very glad to have her back after the holidays. 

Esther Johnson is to be the leading lady in the Sophomore Class Play. 
This Is something of an honor, for not only ability but a high standard of 

scholarship is required of those who take part 



ZETA. 

Elizabeth Sudhofif visited us at the time of the Earlham- Wittenberg 
game in November. 

We were very glad to have Margorie Smith and Anna Miller spend 
Thanksgiving with us. 

Lillian Seybold and Hazel Wright attended the state convention of Y. 
W. C. A., at Granville, Ohio. 

Ruth Collier spent a few days of her Xmas vacation with Margaret 
Fornshell at Miamisburg, Ohio. 

Mrs. Leo Miller spent the Holidays with her aunt in Springfield. 

Catherine Greenawalt and Ruth Scheehardt on their return to school 
spent a day with the Kellen 'Twins'. All returned to school together. 



ETA. 

Miss Lena Baldwin spent over a week with us in the fall at the time of 
initiation. We all enjoyed her visit very much. 

The Rev. B. VanVliet Putman, father of Elaine Putnam, W has accepted 
a call as assistant pastor of the South Presbyterian, Syracuse, N. Y. We 
hope to see Elaine often now. 

Miss Lucile Thornton ex. '10, spent a week at the chapter house in the 
fall. We are glad that she is to be back next year. 



THETA. 

Louise Erb, '06, who is teaching at Phillips, has been with us since Jan. 
2nd. Her vacation was extended until Jan. 18th. 

Florence Simon, '08, spent Thanksgiving vacation at the house. 

Pearl Blanchard, '12, was initiated Dec. 4th. 

Bess Adams, '06, is stud3ring at Northwestern University. 

Theo Fenton spent a few days before the Xmas recess with us she is 
teaching domestic science in Columbus, Ohio. 

Clarissa Kuhns, '11 is pledged to us. 

Elizabeth Erb spent her Xmas vacation at the house. 

Prof, and Mrs. Goodnight entertained our chapter at an ''At Home" 
in December. 



PERSONALS 125 

Mrs. Reardon of Rhinelander spent Thanksgiving, with Una here. 

Irene Albers of Warsaw, Wis., visited in November. 

Rowena Throop of Kewanne, 111., visited Betty Tucker in December. 

Mrs. Veil was with us in December. 

Polly Fenton, *06, who is taking library school work, goes to Antigo 
in February to do practice work. 

Nell Angell, Lenore Henderson and Elizabeth Erb spent week-ends 
with us occasionally. 



IOTA, 

Elizabeth Sadler and her mother spent three months with relatives and 
friends in Iowa and Chicago. They returned to their home in Point Marion, 
Pa., about the middle of November. While in Chicago, Bess enjoyed a pleas- 
ant call at the new home of Mildred Brady-Mershon of Beta chapter. 

Mary Meek Atkeson returned to Morgantown the first of November to 
take up her work in the University again. She visited in Kansas and 
Missouri all summer and reports a fine time riding bucking bronchos. 

The western fever struck Iota last summer, and three of our girls spent 
the summer and part of the fall in the west. Ullian Smith promised to bring 
us each a cow-boy from Oklahoma, but unfortunately, they had gone to 
Texas with the cattle on account of the drouth. 

Ethel Green has recovered from an attack of typhoid fever, but will 
remain at home this winter until her health is entirely restored. 

Mrs. T. C. Atkeson has been suffering with a severely sprained ankle 
for the past few weeks. 

Mrs. W. J. Leonard was called to Tewksbury, Mass., last term on ac- 
count of the death of her mother. 

Rev. and Mrs. E. B. Quick have moved to Dravosburg, Pa., where Mr. 
Quick is pastor of the Christian church. We miss them very much but are 
glad of Mr. Quick's advancement. 

Mrs. C. Harrison Smith and Lillian Smith spent the Thanksgiving holi- 
days with friends in Charleston, W. Va. 

Mary Cooper, *08 is teaching in the public schools at Charleston, W. Va. 

Mabel Weaver, '08 is teaching in the public schools in Morgantown. 

Nancy Coplin, who expected to return to the University this year is 
teaching in Grafton, W. Va. She accepted the position the day before school 
opened. 

Edith Gallaher, one of lota's pladges, has been compelled to give up her 
University work for the present on account of poor health. 

Mary Meek Atkeson has been elected head of the English Club, (the 
only honorary organization in the University.) As she is also Editor-in- 
Chief of the "Monongalian," she has an unusual share of honors. 

Crystal Courtney has the honor of "Se Lyttle Scop" in the Beowulf 
Gedricht this year. She will tell one of the stories at the annual open meet- 
ing in February. 



126 ALPHA XI DELTA 

§ 

Mrs. C. E. Hogg has just returned from a visit to her old home at 
Pleasant, W. Va. Her daughter, Mary Hogg, has returned to Morgantown 
after attending an art school in Baltimore, Md, the past term. 

Cora Edna Jackson has returned to her home in Ronceverte, W. Va. 



KAPPA. 

Eva Rule, '01 spent the end of the Holidays in Champaign. 

Eule English has left school on account of illness. 

Mrs. Mangold, '08 has returned to her home in Baldwin, Kans., after 
spending a short time with her parents in Homer, 111. 

Mattie Fargo, '06, is librarian in the Iowa State Normal, Cedar Falls. 

Lura Case, ex. '11, is attending business college, at Peoria. 

Clarrine Llewllyn Is teaching physical training at the Jacksonvine 
school for the blind. 

Nellie Branch spent the holidays in Champaign. 



LAMBDA. 

Betsey Harman Lowe, '04 matronized at an informal Alplia Tan Omesi 
party after the Tufts-Bowdoin football game. 

Persis D. Hannah, '07 has left her position on the Boston "Herald" for 
one on the "Traveler." 

Emily Cate, '08, is studying art at the Museum Art School in Bostoa 

Florence McCoy, '05, spent a week with Ada Buzzell-Macomber, ex. *05, 
at her home in Central Village, Mass., a Quaker community. 

Beatrice MacFarland, '08, is conducting a private kindergarten class at 
her home in Somerville. 

Gussanda Countway, '04, has left her position in the High School of 
New Haven, Conn., for one in the Chelsea, Mass., High School. 

Ethel Reed, 1900, is teaching in Orange. 

Ethel Fuller, '07, is teaching Science in Stoneham. 



MU 

Mary Helson, '07, Fannie Gordinier, '08 and Myrtle Jones, *07, spent the 
holidays in the twin cities. 

Miss Alice Helson entertained at a delightful afternoon party in honor 
of her sister, Mary and the alumnae who were with us during the holidays. 



NU. 

Madie Willimann, '07, who has been at home for several months on ac- 
count of a prolonged illness, has resumed her work as teacher at Kirkland, 
Wash. 

Myrtle Parr, May Chambers and Pearl Gilkey, some of Nu's alumnad 
spent the Christmas holidays in Seattle. 

Marion Wrigley, of Alpha Chapter, is planning a trip to California 
to be taken in the near future. 



PERSONALS 127 

Edith Potter, '12, was a guest during the holidays at a Delta Tau Delta 
house party. 

Hazel Geisseman, Lillian Esary and Ethel Everett, who are not in Col- 
lege this year, have paid visits to Nu during the fall and winter. 



XL 

Anna Simrall visited Jane Wanless and Cottell Greogary, in Louisville 
during the Thanksgiving holidays. Several pretty parties were given in her 
honor and she enjoyed her visit very much. 

Mary Lockridge, *07 is teaching in North Middletown. 

Iva Boreing, '11, who has been boarding at Patterson hall will be with 
relatives in our town after January 20. 

At the regular election of officers of the Neville Literary Society held its 
second week of January, Lida Jones was elected president for the second 
term, beginning Jan. 1909. 

Mary Scott, '06 spent several days with Anna and Elizabeth Wallis 
Thanksgiving. 

On the evening of December 26th, Nell Walls entertained with a beauti- 
ful dinner party. The decorations were very attractive and uniquely suggest- 
ed the season. 

Cottell Greogary has an excellent position in Louisville Girls' High 
School. 

Lillian Ferguson went to Louisville, Jan. 23 for a week-end visit to Jane 
Wanless, and to attend the wedding of a friend. 

Lida Jones, Nell Wallis and Helen Dickey spent several days in Danville 
during the last week of November. 



ALLIANCE ALUMNAE, 

Alliance Alumni wishes to announce the marriage of Beulah Kirlin and 
Homer Haven Moore, *04 Drew Theological 'Seminary '07, which took place 
at the home of the bride, Dec. 30th. Rev. Moore is a member of Sigma 
Nu Fraternity at Mt. Union and this wedding is the culmination of one of 
the many school day romances for which Mt. Union is famous. Rev. and 
Mrs. Moore will live in North Dakota. The girls regret that their home 
must be so far away and hope that a few years will find them with us again. 

Eloise Patton-McKnight of Pittsburg and son William Jr., are spending 
a few days with her parents. 

Anna Jones- Yaggi of Cleveland and Elsie Jones Stokesberry visited their 
uncle during the holidays. 

Mary Kay has been teaching for the past few weeks during the illness 
of one of the teachers in the city schools. 

Alice Hinshilwood went to Akron Jan. 16th to see Nazimova in Ibsen's 
Doll House. 

Fern Fogle Holtz visited her mother during the holidays. 

Kathryn Keith was a Cleveland visitor the latter part of December. 



128 ALPHA XI DELTA 



NOTICE I 

THE EDITORIAL STAFF HAS ADOPTED 
A NEW POLICY, ACCORDING TO \VHICH 
IF YOUR SUBSCRIPTION IS IN ARREARS 
THIS IS THE LAST NUMBER YOU WILL 
RECEIVE TILL YOU HAVE PAID THE 
ARREARAGES IN FULL TO DATE. 

CHAPTER CORRESPONDENTS AND ALL 
SUBSCRIBERS PLEASE SEND ALL ORDERS 
FOR THE ALPHA XI DELTA TO 

MISS DORA G. LOCKWOOD, 

PORTVILLE, 
CATTARAUGUS CO. N. Y. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



Cbe D. L Hum Company 

Manufacturing Jewelers, 
Columbus, - - Ohio. 

Makers of the official Alpha Xi Delta Badges. 
Send for Badge Novelty and Stationery 

Catalogue. 

S. F. DENNIS 
Manufacturer of 
HIGH GRADE ICE CREAM. 
316 South Clinton Street. Phone 189. 

THE PLACE TO WAIT FOR THE UNIVERSITY CAR 

HENRY MORRIS, FLORIST, 

210 EAST GENESEE STREET, SYRACUSE, N. Y. 

THE SYRACUSE TRUST COMPANY, 

University Building. 

3^ % INTEREST ON DEPOSITS. 

Your Account is Solicited. 

We make a Specialty of College Footwear for Ladies, 

SCHUMACHER, BIG SHOE STORE 
215 Pusaking St., Madison, Wis. 

THE R. M. SCRANTON PRINTING CO., 

341 Main Street, ..Alliance, Ohio. 

Will promptly supply your needs in 

SOCIETY AND COLLEGE PRINTING. 

MAPSTONE BROS., 

Choice Groceries, Provisions, Meats, Fish, Fruits, 
Vegetables, Etc. Phone 1171. 

826 East Genesee Street, Cor. Irving, Syracuse, N. Y. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



S. e. Pinturff 
photographer 

Syracuse. Ifew t/ork 



Zbe IRevtew IpubUsbtno Co. 

ALLIANCE, OHIO 

We do good work in all departments of 
the printing business. We have facili- 
ties that enable us to make very close 
prices. If good work and low figures in- 
terest you, write us when in need of 
printing. 



COPPER PLATE ENGRAVING 

Menu Cards, Receptions, Letter Stationery, Announce- 
ments, Bookplates, Wedding Stationery, Steel Dies, Visit- 
ing Cards, Business Stationery. Everything in Engraving. 
Cuts of All Kinds. 307 East Genesee Street. 

CLARK ENGRAVING SHOP, SYRACUSE, N. Y. 

AN AGENCY THAT RECOMMENDS 

Is valuable in proportion to its influence. If it merely hears 
of vacancies and tells you about them that is something, 
but if it is asked to recommend a teacher and recommends 
you, that is more. Ours Recommends. 

The School Bulletin Agency, C. W. Bardeen, Syracuse, N.Y. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



Jhe Chas. /f . Slliott Company 

The Largest College Engraving House in the World 



COMMENCEMENT 

INVITATIONS, 

CLASS DAY 

PROGRAMS 

AND 

CLASS PINS 




Dance Prosnuns and 
InvltitioBS Menus 
Lntber Dance Cases 
and Covers 
Fraternity and 
Class Inserts for 
Annuals 

Fraternity and Class 
Stationery 



OFnClAL ENGRAVERS BY APPOINTMENT TO ALPHA XI DELTA 
Wedding Invitations and Calling Cards 

WORKS~l7th Street and Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 



ALPHA XI DELTA 
Official] EWELERS 



Our IHuiitrated list of official pins will be 
SRHt to any member for the asking. We alao 
now have in print, which will be ready lor do- 
livery in two or three weeks, llluBtrattona of 
FobB, Brooches, Hat Pine, Stick Pins, and a 
fine RBSortment of Sterling Sliver Spoons and 
h'orka with raised monogram, which will make 
haDdaome ChrUtmaa or wedding gifts. 



Wilbur- Lanphear Co. 

GALESBURG, ILLS. 



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ALPHA XI DELTA 



MAY 1909 

VOL VI. NO. J 



PUBLISHED BY 

THE SORORITY, 

ALLIANCE, OHIO 



SonvihttB of Al^ilfa Xt iS^lta 

Lombard College, Galeshurg, III., April 17, 1893. 



Hattie McCullum-Gossow (Mrs. C. W. E. ) 
♦Francks Chkney - - - - 

Almira Cheney - - - - - 

Lucy W. Gjlmer . - - - 

EuzA Curtis Everton (Mrs. J. L.) 
Bertha Cook-Evans (Mrs. Orrin C.) 



Wichita, Kans. 

Sa3rbrook, IlL 

Quincy, IlL 

LeRoy, IlL 

Monmouth, IlL 



Maud Foster - - 7(X) E. Fourteenth St., Minneapolis, Minn. 

I^uiE Strong Taylor (Mrs. E. A.) - - Park City, Utah. 

C^RA Boi.linger-Block (Mrs. Louis) 1416 Rock Island St., DaveniK>rt, la. 
Alice Bartlett-Bruner (Mrs. Murray T.) 203 Fifth St., Aurora, IlL 

♦Deceased. 



(£\\wfinB vt Al|tl|a Xt i^lta 



Alpha — Ivonibard College 

Beta — Iowa Wesleyan University 

Gamma — Mt. Union College 

Delta — Bethany College 

Upsilon — University of South Dakota 

Zeta — Wittenberg College 

Hta — Syracuse University 

Theta — University of Wisconsin 

Iota — University of West Virginia 

Kappa — University of Illinois 

Lambda — Tufts College 

Mu — University of Minnesota 

Nu — University of Washington 

Xi — Kentucky State University 

Alliance Alumnae 

Mt. Pleasant Alumnae 

Boston Alumnae ... 



Galesburg, lU 

Mt Pleasant, la. 

Alliance, O. 

- Bethany, W. Va. 

Vermillion, S. Dak. 

Springfield, O. 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

Madison, Wis. 

Morgantown, W. Va. 

Champaign, IlL 

Boston, Mass. 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

Seattle, Wash. 

Lexington, Ky. 

Alliance, O. 

Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Boston, Mass. 



®1|0 3ffrat?ntttu iir^rtnrg 



Presidciit—EhhA Boston Leib, (Mrs. J. R.) Alpha, - - - 

1271 W. Washington, Street, Springfield, 111. 
yice Prcsident-^BtmnA G. Cleveland, Eta, - Waterloo, N. Y. 

Secretary — Mary Emily Kay, Gamma, 75 South Union Ave., Alliance, O. 
Treasurer— EiiXJi Ball, Beta, - - - Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Historian — Clara Salmer, Epsilon, . - - Vermillion, S. Dak. 
/ii/i7or— Martha Hutch ings-McKean, (Mrs. S. R.), 

2402 W. 4th St., WiUiamsport, Pa. 

ditorial »taff 

Editor-in-Chief. 
Martha Hutchings-McKean (Mrs.S.R.), 2402 W. 4th St., WiUiamsport, Pa. 

Associate Editor, 
Gertrude Wright-Gilmour (Mrs. J. E.), 154 Elm St., Bradford, Pa. 

Business Manager 
Dora G. Lockwood, . _ - Portville, Cattaraugus Co., N. Y. 

Assistant Business Manager 
Etta S. Bates, - - - 715 South Union Ave., Alliance, O. 

Alpha — Mabel Hendel Galcsburg, 111. 

Beta — Mabel Duncan - . - - Mt. Pleasant , la. 

Gamma — Olive Bracher - - 339 S. Union Ave., Alliance, O. 

Delia— Jtssit H. Smith - - - - - Bethany, W. Va. 

Epsilon — ^JuLiA Sweet - - - Vermillion, South Dakota 

Zeta — EuLA Hazel Wright - 329 S. Plum St., Springfield, O. 

Hta — Helen Truair - - 414 Irving Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Theta — Frances Aiders - - 401 Murray St., Madison, Wis. 

/o /a— Mary Meek AtkBson - 234 Prospect St, Morgantown, W. Va. 
Kappa — Grace Spencer - - - 312 Daniel St, Champaign, 111. 

Lambda — Elsie May Chandler, - Metcalf Hall, Tufts College, Mass. 
JI/m— Georgia Belle Elwell' - 907 7th St, S. E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

A'li— Lela K. Parker, - - 2508 N. 42nd St, Seattle, Wash. 

X*— Lida Jones, - . - 336 Madison Place, Lexington, Ky. 

Alliance Alumnae — Mary Bracher - 339 Union Ave., Alliance, O. 

Mt. Pleasant Alumnae — Ellen Ball, - - Mt Pleasant, la. 

Boston Alumnae — Laila Campbell Nye - - . - 

33 Electric Ave., W. Somerville, Mass. 

Custodian of Song Book — Margaret Hoard, - East Syracuse, N. Y. 

Secretary of the Seventh Inter-Sorority Conference — Miss L. PearlK GreEn, 

Kappa Alpha Theta, 15 East Ave., Ithaca, N. Y. 



Uinblt at (Snntntta 

Tlic Grand Convention, Xoticc, 137 

The Social Customs of the Upper Classes of Japan,. 138 

Sonnet 142 

Excerpts from Examination Papers 143 

Pan-Hellenic : 151 

Notice to College Pan-Hellenic Associations 151 

'National Pan-Hellenic Achievements in Seven Years 151 

National Pan-Hellenic Conference 153 

One View of the Late Pledge Day 156 

A Practical Illustration of the Late Pledge Day 157 

Symposium 160 

Delta Delta Delta 173 

The Alaska Yukon Pacific Exposition 175 

The Lincoln Statue at the University of Wisconsin 177 

The vSpirit of Spring 178 

Every Day Council : 179 

Inter Sorority Friendship 179 

The Attitude of (lie Sorority Memhcr Toward College Affairs 180 

The Pragmatism of Sorority 180 

The Self-Centered Chapter 181 

The Scholarship Prohlem 182 

Two Views of the Question of Honorary Members 183 

A Personal Letter to Active Alphas 185 

A Founders' Day Pledge 186 

Editorials 187 

Exchanges 190 

Announcements 194 

Chapter Letters 195 

Engagements 20S 

!irarriages 208 

Rirths 208 

Personals 209 

Advertisements 214-215-216 



OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THB ALPHA XI DELTA SORORITY 
VOL. VI. MAY. NO. 3. 



(Krattit (Hatnt^ttttott Nuttr?. 

THE fifth convention of Alpha Xi Delta will take place Octo- 
ber 28th, 29th and 30th, at Syracuse, New York. All those 
who contemplate attending may address Miss Helen Tru- 
air, 414 Irving Avenue, Syracuse, N. Y., for information concern- 
ing accommodations. 

It is urged that the chapters appoint their representative as 
early as possible and report their names to the Grand Secretary 
not later than June 15th. It is also requested that the grand 
officers and chapter secretaries submit their lists of the subjects 
they wish discussed at the coming convention some time before 
the close of the present school year. From these lists a partial 
outline of the work of the convention will be made and sent to 
the chapters early in the fall in order that the delegates may have 
an intelligent preparation for the business sessions and that val- 
uable time may be saved. 

It is hoped that a larger number of alumnae than usual may 
attend this convention. With Eta chapter as hostess a most de- 
lightful time may be anticipated with no fear of possible dis- 
appointment. 

MARY EMILY KAY, 
April Sth, 1909. Grand Secretary, A. X. D. 






LAFCADIO Hearn, while staying for a few days at the home 
of a Japanese fisherman noticed on the mantel a grotesque 
wooden god, that had but one eye. On asking the cause 
of this maimed condition, he learned that gods were often pur- 
chased without eyes, or even hands and feet, and then given 
them, according to their deserts. This particular god had receiv- 
ed his one eye after a heavy haul of fish and was being kept wait- 
ing for the other, till in his anxiety to receive it, he should again 
bring good luck to the fisherman. 

"Such faith in toy gods," says Mr. Hearn, "belongs to that 
simplicity of heart which makes the nearest to pure goodness." 

It is probably this simplicity of heart, so characteristic of 

the Japanese, that causes their delight in social festivities, and 

makes every event of importance the excuse for much ceremony. 

Naturally, the most important of these ceremonies centers 

about a birth, a marriage, or a death. 

When a baby is born, a special messenger is sent to the rel- 
atives and friends and notes are mailed to less intimate acquaint- 
ances. Every one thus notified calls and brings a gift. Before 
it is a week old the baby must be named. A girl is named for a 
flower, but a boy's name is apt to terminate in a syllable indi- 
cating his number in a series. In addition to this ordinary name, 
baby must have a true name, kept sacred for occasions of cere- 
mony. 

As white is the badge of mourning, a Japanese baby is dress- 
ed in bright colors, which, in the case of a boy, change to more 
sober ones as he grows older. 

When a month old, the baby, in a gay silk kimona, embroid- 
ered with the family crest, is taken to the temple, where offerings 
are made, and an amulet received, which must be worn ever after 
in a little bag at the side, to keep away evil. 



SOCIAL CUSTOMS OF JAPAN 139 

By this time return presents are to be sent to all who made 
the baby gifts. These may be elaborate or simple. Sometimes 
candies are bought at the temple, and sometimes rice is sent 
in a carved box, placed on a lacquered tray and covered with 
a richly embroidered cloth. A slip of white paper is usually sent 
back in this box, as it is bad luck to return anything empty. 

Imperial babies are held in the arms of some one night and 
day, and the children of the very wealthy are carried by attend- 
ants, but most babies, even of the upper classes, are strapped to 
the backs of nurses, or members of the family. 

A child is taught from the first to sit with his knees bent un- 
der him, a custom which prevents the development of the legs, 
and partially accounts for the Japanese shortness of stature. 

Until she is a year old, a girl's head is shaved in fancy pat- 
terns, while a boy's is unshaved, except for an occasional wedge 
shaped que, in the fashion of the old warriors. At three the little 
girl lets her hair grow, and at seven she changes her soft, narrow 
sash for the stiflf obi, of which she is as proud as her brother is of 
his first pleated trousers given him when he is five. All these 
changes are attended with much ceremony and journeys are made 
to the temple on each occasion, to receive the blessing of the 
patron god. 

On the third of March comes the Feast of the Dolls. 

This custom of having a feast on the third day of the third 
month is ancient. At first the day was set apart for purification, 
and it was thought that the sins of the year might be washed 
away if the body were rubbed with bits of white paper, cut to 
resemble priests. The first Japanese dolls were like these bits of 
paper. Many noble families have a fire proof room where a won- 
derful miniature household has been preserved and added to, for 
centuries. 

On the eventful day the dolls are arranged on red shelves in 
the best room. The dolls on the upper shelf always represent 
the Emperor, the Empress, and five court musicians, while the 
other dolls are arranged on the lower shelves. Occasionally one 
sees dolls representing the nobility of old Japan, seated in lac- 
quered carts, drawn by tiny, black bulls. For three days the dolls 
are dressed and served by the children of the household, and then 



140 ALPHA XI DELTA 

packed away for another year. This celebration is said to teach 
the children a little housekeeping, a good deal of ceremonial eti- 
quette, and loyalty to the royal families. 

The day of interest to the boys, coming two months later, 
is the Feast of Flags, and on this day giant fish, emblems of 
strength and agility, are hung outside the houses. 

Throughout the year the entertainments given are appropri- 
ate to the season. In the early spring a young girl receives her 
guests amid the cherry blossons of her garden, but in the fall she 
is likely to give a chrysanthemum party, with everythinng, even 
to the embroidery on her dress n keeping. It is customcry for 
guests to arrive ahead of time, and if they stay late it is perfectly 
proper for the host to retire if he wishes. 

Instead of the ringing of bells, the hands are clapped^ to sum- 
mon servants, a signal readily heard through the thin partitions. 

As a Japanese would suffer rather than appear ill breed, 
even the servants are carefully trained in matters of etiquette. 
If the hostess is out, and the daughter of the house unable to be 
present, the servants exchange greetings, pour tea and entertain 
the guest with polite conversation till the mistress returns. 

The tea used for ceremony is a fine, green powder. Tea is 
made in a bowl, stirred with a bamboo whisk until it foams, and 
then handed to the guest of highest rank, who drinks it in three 
gulps. Tea is made for each guest in the same bowl. So com- 
plicated is this art of serving tea that it is taught by regular in- 
structors, and it is said that one thoroughly versed in the require- 
ments may be distinguished at all times by her superior manners. 

When a Japanese woman speaks, her voice is sweet and low, 
but when she sings her tones are very like those of the insects 
offered for sale in Tokio, in cages. 

Muisic IS left to women, priests and blind men, and dancing 
is seldom indulged in by women of the upper classes. From the 
first, the girls of Japan are taught obedience, self restraint, and 
cheerfulness in the superlative degree. 

The average age for marriage is sixteen, the husband beini;^ 
chosen by the girl's parents. The ceremony, which is neither 
religious nor legal, is very simple. The two drink wine from a 



>fc 



SOCIAL CUSTOMS OF JAPAN 141 

two-spouted cup, and the bride changes her dress for one fur- 
nished by her husband. 

When there is a death the friends call at once, and must be 
received in the death chamber. Parents need not attend the fu- 
neral of a child. Everything is done by the younger brother and 
sisters. After the burial or cremation a tablet for the dead person 
is ploced in the family shrine, where food is kept, and incense 
always burning. 

The dragon-flies of Japan are beautiful and it is believed 
that during the three days Festival of the Dead, which takes place 
in the seventh month, many spirits revisit their homes either 
with the help of insects or actually in their form. 

The life at court is rigid in the extreme and the court ladies 
live a life of monotony. 

The old gentleman warrior of Japan was allowed two wives, 
in addition to his rightful one. The Emperor is given twelve, 
and the present heir to the throne is not the son of the Empress. 

Many writers on Japan speak of the marked difference in 
the faces of the upper and lower classes. The nobility have high 
noses and oval faces, while the features of their inferiors are 
broad and flat. 

But all classes are interesting and attractive, and possess 
qualities that are praiseworthy. 

A natural modesty and a hatred of ostentation, a cheery, ir- 
resistable hospitality, loyalty, and a love of everything beautiful 
are national characteristic of the Japanese. 

GRACE CARLETON-MANSFIELD, 

Lambda, Boston Alumnae. 



142 ALPHA XI DELTA 



SONNET, 
I know not all the brightness of the day 
For gray, ethereal curtains bar my eyes 
To distant beauties, — the far glorious skies, 
Rich-streaked with purple light from sunset's ray, 
And morn's soft colors, and the hills that May 
Empurples in the West. And no surmise, 
Nor dull penned words, nor brush the artist plies 
Can shed their fullest splendor on my way. 
And yet, curbed vision leaves a broader field 
For uncurbed fancy's realm, and wilfully 
My fancy roams among the unrevealed. 
Rich-dight with color, there, are penciled free 
Wild airy towers, soft clouds, and sunset gleams. 
That crowd the wide horizon of my dreams. 

— Mary Meek Atkeson, Iota. 



i)ittrptB Jfrom lExamtttattott l^wj^trst. 

Several questions in the recent sorority examination gave 
opportunity for the expression of personal opinions and it has 
been suggested that the chapter might be interested in knowing 
each other's views on questions of common interest. It is to be 
regretted that so many of the examination papers were not re- 
ceived in time to obtain some of the good ideas which they un- 
doubtedly contain. 

Among many interesting opinions offered concerning the 
ever important question of sorority expansion it was noted that 
four chapters, Beta, Delta, Iota and Xi urge the South as the 
most desirable field for A. X. D., arguing the rapid improvement 
among Southern schools and the fact that the field is practically 
unoccupied by the larger sororities, as reason for their attitude. 
As a general thing the members of each chapter seemed to have 
a common opinion, all preferring either a small conservative 
sorority or all advising a larger one represented in all parts of 
the country. For the general good of the sorority it is to be hop- 
ed that such questions will continue to be discussed in chapter 
meetings, that the chapters may learn not to vote against peti- 
tioners for foolish and trival reasons and, at the same time, not 
to vote affirmatively without carefully examining the petitions and 
making sure that conditions warrant the granting of a charter. 

"I firmly believe in a conservative policy of extension, but 
it seems to me the South should be better represented. We 
have chapters scattered throughout the west, and the north has 
a good share of our chapters. It seems to me that it is now the 
turn of the South, as it has colleges and universities equal in 
every way to those in the North. I think our extension has been 
quite fast enough the last few years, but of course we should not 
miss the opportunity to enter a good school on account of a false 
idea of conservatism." — IOTA. 

"We would prefer to have A. X. D., known as a small con- 
servative sorority. It seems to us that it would stand for more 



144 ALPHA XI DELTA 

than if it were large and more generally represented and it would 
be more of an honor to belong to it." — EPSILON. 

**To me the best extension policy would be to have the so- 
rority conservative only in the material of the chapters, or or- 
ganizations, to which chapters are granted. So long as we are 
careful to keep up the standard I should say, let it be as widely 
represented as possible. — MU. 

"I would prefer that Alpha Xi Delta should not be conserva- 
tive simply for the sake of being conservative. There are frater- 
nities and sororities who boast of conservatism as something to 
be proud of. On the other hand I don't think it a wise policy to 
grant charters right and left simply for the sake ' of numbers. 
But I should like very much to see Alpha Xi Delta represented 
in all sections of the country, always considering, in granting a 
charter, the size and position of the school and the strength of 
the local petitioning." — ZETA. 

"My opinion is that the field for our sorority lies in the State 
Universities and that an opportunity should never be lost to 
place a chapter in one of these institutions, where we can obtain 
reasonably good material. Of course where there are several 
strong nationals it is hardly possible to find the very foremost 
girls in a local, but there are often girls of sterling worth to be 
found outside of the sororities, and these girls, with proper en- 
couragement, arc capable of forming the nucleus of a strong 
chapter for future years. 

I do not favor the granting of chapters to other Colleges un- 
less they have large endowments, great possibilities, and there is 
plenty of material with the field not over crowded with sororities. 

I have no especial preference for the large sorority other 
than that it should represent all sections of the country.*' — XI. 

"My opinion for the extension of Alpha Xi Delta is that she 
keep as much as possible in the State Universities, going of 
course into schools of importance that are not State Universities, 
but not into small schools." 

I favor her southern movement especially as I think the 
south affords, many brilliant girls. 



EXAMINATION PAPERS 145 

J should prefer to see Alpha Xi Delta represented in all sec- 
tions of the country. Not large and common, but widely known. 
1 think it is very good to be conservative locally, and not have 
too large a chapter roll." — BETA. 

Alpha Xi Delia would do well to extend her policy of ex- 
tension to the far west and to the extreme south. 

The west is a land of vast resources and as that part of our 
country is progressing almost marvelously it is reasonable to be- 
lieve that her institutions of learning will soon equal and ere 
long surpass those of the easft. 

'i'he institutions of the west are already strong enough to 
support sororities, and it would be a wise thing to place chapters 
now so that they can grow and unfold with the institution. 

The west produces a type of young women that would ap- 
peal to any sorority that advocates broad principles of real ex- 
tension. They are strong in mind and body and are well fitted 
to take upon themselves the duties of loyal Alpha Xi Delta's. 
Truly, it has been said that the western university of today is 
the Vale and Harvard of tomorrow. In the far south, a field 
which sororities have not entered readily, dwell a race of young 
women who by heredity are fitted to embody our principles. 
Loyalty is almost a watch-word with a southern girl. These 
intelligent, well bred daughters of the Huguenots are fitted to 
nobly uphold the royal standards of Alpha Xi Delta. 

1 would prefer a general sorority, and with chapters placed 
in the large institutions of the west as well as the east and in the 
best institutions of the south as well as the north. For to be 
truly national we must have chapters from the Atlantic to the 
Pacific, from the great lakes to the Gulf of Mexico." — XI. 

A few of many well expressed ideas concerning the qualities 
considered most necessary for a sorority fellow. 

*'A sorority should have many different kinds of girls: 
we need the solid, thoughtful girl but we need, too, the girl 
whose social instinct makes her a society leader. Not only does 
each learn from the other, but the sorority can thus be represent- 
ed in and encourage all the activities of the collcjre." 

GAMMA. 



146 ALPHA XI DELTA 

**The qualities we consider most necessary in a sorority 
member are scholarship, attractive appearance, good standing on 
the campus and the correct attitude toward the faculty and the 
other students. We also like to have her a "good mixer" and to 
have at least an ordinarily good disposition. Our chapter is al- 
ways either already acquainted with a rushee through our own 
members or else secures several good recommendations from re- 
sponsible citizens in the place where she lives, before bidding 
her." — EPSILON. 

In voting on a new member the standing of her family, her 
own individual characteristics and qualities in view of the needs 
of the Chapter, the girl's standing in her college classes, and the 
possibilities which lie latent in her of developing into an all round 
good sorority girl — all these must be taken into consideration. 
I am afraid that too often, a girl is considered desirable for finan- 
cial reasons, especially if she is to be a house girl — ^but, I think, 
this should in no way enter into the question of her eligibility as 
a member. — NU. 

One of the chief difficulties in forming Pan-Hellenics is to 
enforce rushing rules after they are made. In response to the 
question as to what would be a suitable punishment for a sorority 
who deliberately broke the compact a number of suggestions 
were made a few of which are given below: 

**No punishment was included in the compact agreed to here 
(Minnesota) but it would seem no more than right if such an 
agreement were broken that the offending chapter should be de- 
nied some of her rushing privileges ; or if the offense were partic- 
ularly flagrant the sorority in question should be expelled from 
the local Pan-Hellenic and public notice of the action made." 

— MU. 

"I think a fitting punishment for a sorority that deliberately 
broke a Pan-Hellenic compact after agn"eeing to abide by it, 
would be to force the sorority in question to take a later pledge 
day than the other sororities have." — DELTA. 

"I would suggest as a punishment in the case of a sorority 
breaking a compact, that the account of the offence be sent to the 



EXAMINATION PAPERS 147 

Inter Sorority Convention, and there publically discussed, so 
that it may be known that a chapter of the said sorority had failed 
in honoring the very underlying principles of the sorority. It 
seems to me the fear of bringing the whole sorority into dis- 
repute would act as the strongest possible restraining influence." 

—DELTA. 

As some of the evils of the very late pledge day will be 
given on another page, the draw backs to having a matricula- 
tion pledge day are included here. 

*'Our local compact with regard to rushing is as follows this 
year; *A girl can not be rushed until she has registered at college 

A girl can be pledged any time after matriculation. 

After matriculation, a sorority can make all the rushing dates 
with a girl that it chooses, but before matriculation, no date ex- 
cept that for registration can be made. 

If a party is given by a sorority girl at which high school 
girls are present, and two active members of the sorority are, 
with no representatives from other sororities also present, it is 
construed as rushing. A fine of $5 is imposed if a sorority breaks 
this compact.' 

This plan is not very successful. Although several individ- 
ual sororities met with success by this compact, it is severely 
criticized by the faculty and will not be permitted for next year. 
After a girl had registered there was a mad rush for her by the 
diflFerent sororities, to see who would date her up first, and it was 
usually the sorority who dated her first that was successful in 
getting the girl. 



148 ALPHA XI DELTA 

affairs, and no one had much time for study during the first two 
weeks. 

The punishment that 1 would suggest in the case of a so- 
rority that breaks the compact, is to impose a $25 fine, and also 
to demand an apology from the offending sorority in the college 
paper. NU. 

In answer to the question. " What arguments can you give 
in favor of the faternity system as if to convince one who is op- 
posed to it?'* The answers received were much alike, but a few 
of the most representative replies are printed below: 

**Onc argument in favor of the fraternity system is that it 
teaches one how to perform social duties, not only the duties in 
social affairs, but, what is more important, the duties toward 
others in a social compact. The fraternities stand for high ideals 
and even if they fail to realize the highest, they are the better for 
the effort for realization. The fraternity member learns valuable 
lessons in parliamentary law and in the management of fin^ncia? 
affairs. The fraternity kee])s the earnest, conscientious student 
from developing into a grind and from neglecting the social side 
of her nature which is fully as important as the intellectual side. 
On the other hand, the fraternity stands for scholarship, en- 
couraging those who arc inclined to neglect their work, to do 
their best that the fraternity's standard may not be lowered. The 
association in the fraternity brings out the quiet student in the 
most desirable way. It helps her to learn to express herself and 
fits her for contact with those whom slie will have to meet in 



• • i" ♦» 



EXAMINATION PAPERS 149 

1st. The fraternity was originally established as a protec- 
tive league. 

2nd. It gives some girls a well deserved social standing 
^which they might not have otherwise. 

3rd. The fraternity teaches one business habits ; makes one 
responsible. 

4th. It fosters leadership. 

5th. I have seen many uncouth girls develop into attractive 
^women under the care and leadership of sorority sisters." 

—IOTA. 

"The Fraternity as I know it, is in the University of Min- 
nesota — a large co-educational institutioa with no dormitories. 
A student is sent here away from the protection of the home and 
vrith no one to oversee his actions outside of the class-room. 
Nothing holds or restrains him save public opinion. In joining 
a fraternity he is gathered into a chosen circle, where he becomes 
well known and where he receives advice from upper classmen 
"who take a personal interest in him. His actions reflect upon his 
fraternity and that knowledge holds him in check. Moreover 
he is given fine principles to uphold. He is encouraged to main- 
tain a high standard scholarship. His character is molded by 
the free criticisms of his brothers. Petty selfishness is done 
away with. He forgets himself. His interests arc broadened 
and he gains insight to human character. His college spirit is 
increased by the fact that in meeting fraters from other institu- 
tion he has his school to uphold. In fact the fraternity man or 
woman is hounded into a sympathetic, high-principled human 
being." — MU. 

"The fraternity is a good substitute for the home circle. It 
brings out and develops the young, undevelopel girl. It puts a 
restraining influence upon a girl who is inclined to be a little 
boisterous or indiscreet, at the same time preventing the over- 
studious girl from becoming a grind, by forcing her to an extent 
into the social activities of the college world. In brief it is the 
most powerful factor in college life in forming the well rounded 
girl instead of the one of unequal development The fraternity 
encourages the training of the special talents its members may 
have." — EPSILON. 



150 ALPHA XI DELTA 

"It is often argued that the fraternity fosters a spirit of self- 
ishness ; it is true the fraternity member in joining does choose 
a select number of friends to whom she gives her loyalty in far 
greater degree than to any others of her fellow students, but who 
does not have a few intimate friends as distinguished from a 
large circle of acquaintances ? In many institutions one can only 
know a few girls well, and why not find them in the sorority 
where an additional bond makes the friendship closer? The fact 
that one has sorority friends does not mean that one is intolerant 
and unfriendly with those outside the circle, on the contrary if 
sorority life is having its best influence on us, it broadens us and 
makes us more sympathetic and altruistic as we become accus- 
tomed to working with and for each other — if sorority life is not 
having this influence on us, it is our own fault and not that of the 
sorority system." — GAMMA. 

"There are so many arguments advanced in opposition to the 
fraternity system that we often ask ourselves, "Has the frater- 
nity a right to live?" One of the best proofs that it has a right to 
live is to be found in the fact that it has not only survived during 
all these years but has grown and prospered. The dreaded 
secrecy which is so often used as an argument against the fra- 
ternity is merely a product of the imagination. Instead of de- 
moralizing and degrading its members it places before them high 
ideals and noble aims and teaches them to regard their relations 
as to college enterprises as separate from their fraternity inter- 
ests. Instead of being a foreign organization hostile to college 
spirit and culture it is a friendly ally. So often the fraternity is 
charged with causing a waste of money but it rather cultivates 
the spirit of economy and promotes business habits. The element 
of home is introduced into the student life and a strong bond is 
established between men of different classes and colleges and of 
all ranks of society. The fraternity helps the weak, assists the 
poor, strengthens the unsteady, and forms a strong link between 
the college and its former students. Its training is a valuable ad- 
dition to the purely collegiate knowledge. The fraternity fills a 
necessary and an important place in college life, is a great bene- 
fit to its members, and an efficient aid to good college govern- 
ment." —BETA. 



Pan-l|Hbntr 



2 2 1 ILL the President of each college Panhellenic please in- 
^^[ struct the Secretary of the same to send to the Secretary 
^'" of the National Panhellenic, L. P. Green, IS East Ave., 
Ithaca, N. Y., a copy of your Panhellenic contract for the college 
year 1909-10; also a copy of your Panhellenic constitution and 
the name of the Panhellenic Secretary for the next college year? 
These documents are needed in the work of the National confer- 
ence. Your co-operation in sending these, without the receipt 
of a letter direct, will be greatly appreciated. 



National 9att-l|eUntir ArifteurtmtttB in &tmn frars. 

1. Increase in membership from seven to twelve frater- 
nities. 

2. Establishment of standard for a national college fra- 
ternity : "Not less than five college chapters and none 
in an institution below college rank." 

3. Change of name from Intersorority conference to Na- 
tional Panhellenic. 

4. Adoption of a working constitution insuring the per- 
manency of the annual conference. 

B. In the national fraternity life. 

1. Co-operation and frank discussion -among national 
officers of the special problems in special colleges. 

2. Exchange among fraternity officers of the Journals of 
the women's fraternities. 

C. In the college fraternity life. 

1. The abolishment of pledging among preparatory stu- 
dents, except at the University of Michigan — where, 
owing to peculiar local conditions, the national fra- 
ternity chapters there have been granted permission 



152 ALPHA XI DELTA 

to pledge high school seniors only until September, 
1909. 

2. Formation of college Pan-Hellenics wherever two or 
more nationals are represented. These Panhellenics 
consists of one alumna and one active member from 
every national fraternity represented in the college. 

3. A pledge day in every college fixed by the college 
Panhellenic association. 

4. No part of the initiation ceremony to take place in 
public. 

5. Universal discountenancing of "lifting." 

6. Women's fraternities interested in general college ac- 
tivities and taking active steps in formatio nof wo- 
tivities and taking active steps in formation of wo- 
men's leagues. 

D. Important publications. 

1. Reports of the annual conferences. 

2. A model college Panhellenic constitution. 

3. A model women's league constitution. 

4. Report of social customs in co-educational colleges in 
the United States. 

5. Report on present conditions of Panhellenics in the 
United States. 

6. Two circulars for fraternity alumnae setting forth the 
aims and purposes of the National Panhellenic. 

E. Incidental Achievements. 

1. Two meetings of fraternity delegates with the Con- 
ference of Deans of women, where a frank discussion 
of fraternity life in the college — its advantages and 
shortcomings — left with the fraternities many ideas 
for the improvement of fraternity life. 

2. A great increase in trust and respect among rival fra- 
ternity chapters. 

F. Present activities. 

1. Organizing, in each university community, of resident 
alumnae of all fraternities to study local problems and 
advise steps for their solution. 

2. Efforts for later pledge day. 



PAN-HELLBNIC CONFBRBNCB 153 

3. Definite university scholarship attainment among the 
qualifications for eligibility to fraternity membership. 

4. Panhellenic efforts to restrict the excessive social life 
of the fraternity women in its college. Also co-opera- 
tion in the reduction of the elaborateness and expense 
of social functions. 

5. More efforts toward securing the co-operation of fra- 
ternity alumnae in dealing with fraternity problems. 

6. Raising scholarship standards in fraternity chapters. 

7. Increasing the dignity of the office of chapter house 
chaperone and the securing of suitable women for 
these important positions. 

8. Formation of a code of etiquette regarding dismissals, 
pledging, etc. 

G. Conclusion. 

The breadth of these present activities, touching all phases 
of college life, as contrasted with the avowed purpose 
of the 1902 (first) conference to "discuss pledging and 
rushing, suggesting a set of by-laws for the ameliora- 
tion of existing rushing conditions," is the best proof 
of the progressive usefulness and strength of this or- 
ganization so characteristic of the very finest fratern- 
ity spirit. May the next seven years see even great- 
er achievement, and a constantly broadening field for 
influential co-operation for the improvement of wo- 
men's fraternity life. 



Natumal 9ait-l|eUtitir (Hm&ntm. 

To the Alumnae Organizations of the Fraternities Represented 
in the National Pan-Hellenic Conference: 

IT was the desire of the delegates to the Inter-sorority Confer- 
ence held in Chicago, September 11 and 12, 1908, to acquaint 
the Alumnae of the Fraternities represented there with the 
vital points of the work accomplished. There are certain social 
tendencies which are prevalent in many colleges and universities 
to-day which are, perhaps recognized by the girls in college, but 



154 ALPHA XI DELTA 

which need, for their control the more mature judgment of the 
Alumnae. It was the work of the Intersorority Conference, now 
the National Pan-Hellenic Conference, to point out certain of 
these errors of college life, and to discuss ways and means of rec- 
tifying them. It rests, however, with the whole body of the 
Alumnae to see that this work is carried out. Let every Alumnae 
of every Fratrnity feel that she is a committee of one to do a 
part of this great work. Among the following suggestions to the 
local Pan-Hellenic Associations we desire to call special atten- 
tion to Articles 1, 6 and 7. 

1. Every Pan-Hellenic must conform to the by-law that re- 
quires each fraternity chapter to be represented in Pan-Hellenics 
by one actice and one Alumna member. It is urged that alum- 
nae members be chosen with great care. Women several years 
out of college, who are in close touch with their University's and 
their chapter's life, and in sympathy with National Pan-Hellenic 
Conference ideas and work — upon which they should be well in- 
formed — should be chosen for these positions. A long tenure of 
office for efficient alumnae members is also deemed advisable. 

2. Pan-Hellenics are urged to adopt a rule requiring definite 
scholarship attainment in the University, as a qualification for 
eligibility to fraternity membership. 

3. We recommend to Pan-Hellenics that they endeavor to 
restrict the expense, number and duration of social functions and 
engagements by women's fraternities as far as is compatible with 

local conditions. 

• 

4. We suggest that Pan-Hellenes be careful not to create 
feeling between fraternity and non-fraternity college women 
through too many or through inopportune Pan-Hellenic meet- 
ings and functions. 

5. Pan-Hellenics are urged to avoid all public press no- 
toriety and to endeavor always to keep the respect of their Uni- 
versity and town communities. 

6. We strongly recommend that each Pan-Hellenic have 
some general meetings to which all fraternity members are in- 
vited and allowed to take part in discussions — meetings to read 
and discuss National Pan-Hellenic Conference reports; short- 



PAN'HBLLBNIC CONFBRBNCB 155 

comings of our last compact ; effects of a Sophomore pledge day 
in our college, etc. 

7. Since at the University of Wisconsin an organization of 
the resident alumnae of all fraternities has proved most helpful 
in solving fraternity and university problems concerning rushing, 
social life, etc., it is the concensus of opinion in this Conference 
that a similar organization would prove helpful in every Univer- 
sity where fraternities are represented. It is therefore suggest- 
ed that in each Pan-Hellenic the alumnae members take the in- 
itiative in forming such an organization for their college. 

While the Conference suggested that the initiative in this 
matter be taken by the alumnae members of the local Pan- 
Hellenic, the Committee consider that it would be greatly to the 
credit of any alumnae organization or group to be the first to 
suggest such an organization in their community. 

Inasmuch as the strength and power of any fraternity is 
coming to rest more and more in organized alumnae, your co- 
operation is earnestly solicited in carrying out the following sug- 
gestions made to the fraternities composing the National Pan- 
Hellenic. 

1. That each fraternity devise a method of informing its 
alumnae of National Pan-Hellenic principles and policies, so that 
an alumna teaching in a preparatory school will not thoughtlessly 
take steps that will disrupt years of cordial feeling between her 
chapter and other fraternities in her Alma Mater. 

2. That each fraternity endeavor to make the position of 
chaperone in its chapter houses one of definite duties, powers 
and dignity. That if possible, the positions be filled by alumnae 
of experience and judgment. 

3. That each fraternity, with ideals of honor and faith in the 
integrity of others, emphasize these points in the policy, of its 
chapters. 

4. That each fraternity instruct its visiting delegate to im- 
press upon the chapters the needs not of a higher standard of 
scholarship than they already possess, but a high standard irre- 
spective of their present standing. 

As the work of the National Pan—Hellenic Conference, as 



156 ALPHA XI DELTA 

well as that of the local Pan-Hellenics, is now better understood 
by alumnae members of all fraternities, it is hoped that each one 
will do all in her power to help remedy conditions which cannot 
be met by any one society but which are harmful to fraternity 
life in general. With the object of furthering this improvement 
by united effort this report is submitted. 

EDITH STONER, Kappa Kappa Gamma. 

LULA KING BIGELOW, Alpha Omicron Pi. 

AMY OLGEN PARMELEE, Delta Delta Delta. 

Committee from National Pan-Hellenic Conference. 
February, 1909. 



(6m Virai nf % Hate ^^lige Bag* 

TAR be it from the writer in any way to disparage the Pan- 
Hellenic idea, but when it comes to a question of its de- 
velopment, it must be admitted that there are diverse 
opinions. Cerainly no intelligent sorority girl will deny that the 
old custom of rushing and pledging a new girl before she was 
fairly off the train was not only absurd and undignified, but in 
some cases, costly either to the chapter or to the girl in question. 
Many persons seeing the result of hasty and ill advised rushing 
now go to the other extreme and demand either Sophomore 
rushing or a pledge day late in April or May of the Freshman 
year. 

One great objection to late pledging is that a g^rl is thereby 
deprived of a year of sorority life and in many cases it is during 
the Freshman year that the sorority influences are most needed, 
when homesickness can be cured of half its pangs by sympathetic 
and light hearted companionship, when life in a well conducted 
chapter house in a measure takes the place of the home life and 
when an unsophisticated girl can be taught in countless ways to 
discard customs and mannerisms which mark her as provincial. 
Many a freshman has been saved by her sorority from indiscre- 
tions and follies which would have darkened her entire college 
career. 

Another objection to the late pledge day is the suspicion it 
breeds among rival sororities. In the colleges where the late 



THE LATE PLEDGE DAY 157 

pledge day has been adopted, freshmen are not supposed to be 
rushed during the first five or six months. It is neither kind nor 
courteous entirely to neglect new girls, whose lack of acquaint- 
ance in the strange new college world leaves them pitifully alone, 
and yet what onlooker can draw the line between disinterested 
kindness and attention prompted by ulterior motives? Let the 
idea once get firmly fixed that a certain sorority is evading the 
spirit, if not the actual letter of the law, and for more harm than 
good is bound to come from the late pledge day. 

Conditions vary so greatly in different colleges that it is 
neither wise nor practicable to advise any specified pledge day for 
general adoption. Each college Pan-Hellenic knows best its own 
limitations and conditions, and in the end can be trusted to work 
out its own salvation. 

—GAMMA. 



A 9^artiral illuatratUitt of % Hate '$Ubgit lag* 

THE late pledge day as tried within the last two years at the 
University of Minnesota, by the nine national sororities in 
the Pan-Hellenic League, has been the object of much 
watchful interest on the part of both fraternity and non-frater- 
nity circles. The advantages and disadvantages of this late day 
plan have been much discussed, and the problem as met by the 
sororities themselves has been perplexing. By some it has been 
approved. Others heartily long for some other method of pledg- 
ing, and so strong was the dislike felt by one of the sister-hoods, 
that one trial was sufficient and she withdrew from the ranks and 
resumed the old method of three weeks rushing at the opening of 
this last college year. 

For the year of 1907-1908 the Pan-Hellenic League decided 
toTiy the late pledge day and accordingly designated the second 
Saturday in April as the day. The agreement was made that no 
rushing, with the exception of two parties not to cost in excess of 
seventy-five and fifty dollars respectively, should be allowed; 
more than two sorority girls off the campus with a freshman 
constituted a party. The active sorority members were to get ac- 
quainted with the freshmen girls naturally and without the un- 



158 ALPHA XI DELTA 

dignified rush for desirable pledges, which resulted in a drain up- 
on the time and strength of both the sorority girls and the 
"rushees" as well as a lowering of scholastic standing. It was 
also decided that no freshman could be invited to join any soror- 
ity, who had failed in two subjects during the first term. 

Thus a quiet, easy, profitable year was anticipated for both 
freshmen and sorority girls. All well and good for the freshmen 
6ut alas ! how different for the active chapter girls. ITie pledge 
day arrived after the few weeks of the parties given at the alloted 
times followed by two weeks wherein the sorority members had 
no intercourse whatever with the rushees. 

Then came the Pan-Hellenic meeting to decide what action 
should be taken for the following year. Late pledge day was dis- 
cussed pro and con, and from reports received, it was not such 
a marvelous success as had been hoped for. Yet the system was 
new and as the league felt it had not received a fair and full 
trial it decided, with a few alterations and modifications to fol- 
low the plan a second year, whereupon Kappa Alpha Theta re- 
fused to sign the contract, — how wisely can only be judged from 
later developments. 

The following fall the sororities began to cast their eyes 
about for desirable girls and to begin the process of getting ac- 
quainted naturally. Of course a sorority girl could not chum 
with a freshman and if caught in earnest conversation with one 
of the latter, she was eyed with suspicion. Each chapter watch- 
ed furtively but with scrutiny the actions of the others. Each 
girl worried when she saw her favorite freshman in company 
with some other sorority member, no matter how casual the 
meeting or company. Thus went by almost a year of worry and 
anxiety for the sorority girl, during which time several little 
events took place, which were not called parties, yet it usually 
happened that a freshman girl or two was on hand, casually asked 
in to tea, to find an elaborate spread and some entertainment, or 
who was brought in to meet so and so to find nearly a whole 
chapter roll at hand to greet her. 

It is a hard thing to answer, yet was it all honorable? Was 
there not a sly breaking of the rules and an instilling of a lower 
moral standard? No accusations were publicly made at Pan- 



THE LATE PLEDGE DAY 159 

Hellenic meetings, yet these little instances were known, not only 
to the sorority members but to the freshmen girls as well. What 
must be their opinion of these girls, who by their very act of be- 
longing to a sorority were suppsed to be standing for the highest 
ideals of womanhood? 

Pledge day was decided upon for April 10th but as this fell 
during Easter vacation one week earlier was chosen. One big 
rushing party with limited expense, was allowed each sorority. 
Each chapter endeavored to out-shine the other. Heartaches and 
jealousies were aroused. The desirable girls were eagerly sought, 
while others equally deserving were overlooked in the mad rush 
for the popular ones. The rushees were bidden here and there 
to inspect each group and all was in a state of wild excitement. 
To get this girl or that was the aim of each chapter and get 
that girl they would, if possible. 

Then followed a week of quiet, during which no sorority girl 
was to do more than acknowledge the acquaintance of her rush- 
ees. 

Nights were filled with wakefulness and days with anxious 
waiting and conferences and occasionally forbidden talks with 
freshmen girls — and then the third of April arrived. 

The "frat" men smiled to themselves and assured one anoth- 
er they would be on hand to watch the fun and, as they ex- 
pressed it, "hear the wailing and gnashing of teeth." The houses 
where the respective sororities bid their freshmen girls to come 
to make their pledges were watched by those same youths and 
several good sized bets were made by them in favor of or against 
the different girls or chapters. 

Finally, the morning papers announced the list of pledges 
unless a chapter wisely refrained from giving it and then on Mon- 
day morning, with or without their pledges, the sororities filed 
into chapel and into their accustomed seats to eye ruefully some 
lost love sitting with a rival group, or to display with pride some 
of their own successful rushees. 

RUTH M'NAMEE, 

Mu Chapter. 



^^mjfimmm 



[We pablish below a few of the many excellent discussions elicited by Prof. 
McDermott*8 article on **Tlie Chapter House and Its effect on the Fraternity,** which 
appeared In our last Issue —Ed.) 



From Walter J. Sears, Grand Historian of Sigma Nu. 

I HAVE read with deep interest and great profit Professor Mc- 
Dermott's splendid paper on "The Chapter House and Its 
Effect on the Fraternity." I do not hesitate to pronounce 
it a most timely stimulating contribution upon what I believe to 
be the most important question now confronting the American 
Greek letter societies As I have sought for some time to quicken 
the thought and conscience of my own fraternity in its relation to 
chapter-house life, I am glad of this opportunity to join in a Pan- 
Hellenic expression regarding a problem whose right solution is 
of vital concern to all fraternity men. 

Accepting as conclusive Professor McDermott's analysis of 
the evils which exist more or less generally in our chapter 
houses, let us consider briefly the remedies and reforms which it 
is believed will raise our fraternity life to a higher level of char- 
acter and influence. 

At the threshold of this discussion let us set up the standard 
by which these social center of collegiate life — these fraternity 
houses — are to be measured. Shall we consider and judge them 
as club houses, as commons or as bachelor quarters? That they 
have been so considered by a large and influential class of frater- 
nity men there seems to be no question. Whether or not they 
have realized the best ideals of the club house and such social 
centers, it is difficult to determine, since it is difficult to find a 
standard of excellence for them. If, however, we judge them by 
the standard of the best city club, with its atmosphere of gentle 
manners and good breeding, and its traditions of culture and 
courtesy, many of them, I fear, would suffer by the comparison. 
The unhappy truth is that many of them would fail to measure 
up to this ideal. 



SYMPOSIUM 161 

But there is even a higher standard of judgment by which 
they ought to be measured. The best club house, the one most 
distinguished for noble and kindly fellowship, is not the highest 
type of social intercourse and effort. The highest type is the 
American home, and I make bold to exalt it before every Greek 
letter society as the standard and the ideal by which every chap- 
ter house ought to be judged and measured. The American 
home is and has ever been something more than a club house. 
The best qualities of the club, its freedom and frankness, its fel- 
lowship of congenial spirits, the home has all these; but it has 
what the club can never have, it has at its center the truth of all 
social human effort, the active love and conscience of the family, 
which together form the law of the household, the authority 
of the father and mother. This is something more than a fellow- 
ship ; it is a communion, whose first obligation is service and 
whose ultimate purpose is character. How is this high ideal to 
be realized, do you a^k ? How is it possible even to approximate 
it among a company of young men, free from all parental re- 
straint, responsive to the natural impulsiveness of youth, and not 
careful to discriminate between a wholsesome college spirit and a 
vulgar Hooliganism? 

I reply: Give these young men the proper leadership; not 
the leadership of the society exquisite or the roisterer or the 
spendthrift; not the leadership of the club, but the leadership of 
the home ; not the leadership of the spoiled boy, but the leader- 
ship of the good man ; not the leadership of ignorance or pre- 
judice or evil or snobbery, but the leadership of culture and de- 
mocracy, morality and brotherhood — a culture that is genuine but 
not exclusive ; a democracy that is brave but not brutal, a mor- 
ality that is upright but not pious ; a brotherhood that is tender 
but not sentimental. 

The typical home is strong in its development of two dis- 
tinctly different but vitally important qualities of leadership. 
One concerns itself with the material welfare of the household; 
the other with its spiritual welfare. So the first duty of the chap- 
ter house is to find for itself the proper leadership for its business 
affairs; its second, to find the proper leadership for its spiritual 
affairs. 



162 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Like the good house-builder and provider, it will set about 
conserving its material well-being. It will understand that it 
cannot hope for the highest spiritual development if it is burden- 
ed with debt. Every dollar of its obligation must be able to say, 
"I know that my redeemer liveth." There can be no moral solv- 
ency without financial solvency, and the chapter house that seeks 
to realize a high ideal of manhood must rest it upon the law of 
prudence and thrift, of commercial honor and rectitude. There- 
fore, each house should begin its life by placing its material wel- 
fare in good hands. There should be a house manager, a house 
steward and a committee on audit and finance. These positions 
should be filled by higher class men, or better still by postgrad- 
uate men who are especially fitted by experience or natural apt- 
itude for the management of business affairs. 

The love and conscience, the law and authority of the home 
must find expression in the chapter house. These will stand for 
its wise discipline and government, representing at once its sanity 
and its respectability. To these essential requirements will be 
added the refinement of cultured men; and uniting all will be 
found the kindly and sympathetic fellowship of congenial spirits. 

How shall this ideal of the chapter house, which is the ideal 
of the American home, be broadly and richly realized in all our 
societies ? I repeat, give our chapter house the spiritual leadership 
that is sensitive to the meaning of this ideal, and that is willing 
to dedicate itself loyally to its fulfillment. 

First, an effort should be made to delevop this leadership in 
the chapter itself. If some higher classman has grown in his 
love of his fraternity and its faith, and in a warm affection for its 
members, eager to give himself in service to them, then such a 
man ought to be a fit leader of the higher life of the chapter 
house. 

Second, whether the chapter develops this leadership or not, 
its spirit should be represented by the alumni. This is now the 
one supreme duty resting upon all our old men — to guide and 
direct the young men into paths of Hellenic honor, To this end 
the alumni of each chapter should select some one of their num- 
ber, or perhaps a committee, to co-operate with the management 
along all its lines of spiritual and material effort. My own fra- 



SYMPOSIUM 163 

ternity has, during .the past year, appointed in one of its divis- 
ions, as an experiment, alumni counsellors, while several chapters 
have chosen from their own members alumni secretaries. 

Third, this leadership should lay its demands upon the gen- 
eral organization of every fraternity, and every fraternity should 
devote its thought and means to its highest realization. There 
are several excellent plans now in operation or being considered. 
(1) One provides for a field secretary, who shall visit all the chap- 
ters and seek to give them all a common ideal as well as a com- 
mon interest. (2) Another suggests an alumni visitor who shall 
be appointed by the general fraternity and reside near the chap- 
ter over which he is to have oversight. (3) Still another con- 
templates fhe founding of scholarships, open to members of the 
fraternity, the recipient to live at the chapter house during his 
college course, and to act as the proctor or leader of the house. 

For the last-named plan I have great hopes, provided our 
men could be induced to endow these scholarships as richly as 
they have given of their substance to build the chapter houses. 
And I hold that they ought to give even more richly, because I 
hold that any sort of a chapter house, great or small, is a mighty 
poor investment if its moral and spiritual standards of life and 
conduct are low or ignoble. What can it profit a college man 
if he live in a palace and lose his own soul? I believe the time 
is coming, if it is not already here, when our societies will be 
judged, not by the size and value of their chapter houses, but by 
the character of the men produced in them. 

To say this is to say what all Greek-letter men are coming to 
realize, that all our fraternity groups are beginning to respond to 
the infusing and uplifting spirit of a new ideal. It is this — a 
conviction in the heart of every fraternity man that his own so- 
ciety must be something more than an exclusive social club, 
something more than a clannish secret order, something more 
even than a selfish brotherhood; a growing sense of their high 
and important place in the educational system ; a consciousness 
that they are a vital co-ordinate and co-related part of it, being a 
permanent force for its spiritual endowment ; in short, an Amer- 
ican institution for the training, aye more, for the making of 
strong, manly and capable men. 



164 ALPHA XI DELTA 

The higher and nobler conception of Hellenic duty lays upon 
every group these well-settled demands : 

(1) That every group shall provide clean and wholesome 
fellowship. 

(2) An environment that will be uplifting to the moral and 
spiritual nature, and that will produce men of character as well 
as men of scholarship. 

(3) To win and retain the esteem of the college community, 
the student body and the faculty. 

(4) To win and retain the loving interest of the alumni, of 
all the men who have lived the chapter-house life. 

The men of all societies are coming to see that the chapter 
house must be vitalized and consecrated as the central point of 
energy and dynamics in the social development of the fraternity 
life. More and more our men are coming to believe that these 
houses should be not only ornate in the graces of design but rich 
in the achievements of manhood. More and more our men, old 
and young, are coming to realize that the house and the alumni, 
the home and the life, the faith and the leadership, the law and 
the spirit, the ideal and its fulfillment, the young man and the 
old man — these are one — these must be one in the development 
of our fraternity men. 



From Miss Ina Firkins, Delta Gamma. 

IN PRESENTING Mr. McDermott's paper on "The Chapter 
house and its Effect on the Fraternity" to the Greek press, 
the editor of the Delta Upsilon Quarterly evidently wishes 
to arouse the fraternity world to decisive action. The discussion 
will not bring about any sudden and beautiful reform in chapter 
houses, but it is a good subject to keep before the minds of the 
undergraduates. ************** 

Mr. McDermott regrets that in the last twenty years the 
scholarly ideal among fraternity men has given place to one less 
worthy, and quotes figures to prove his statement. No doubt 
the figures are correct, but statistics have a way of proving a 
great many things that are not true. Within the last quarter 
of a century there has been a great change in academic condi- 



SYMPOSIUM 165 

tions. When our fathers were young, for a youth to go to college 
was rather an extraordinary thing; unless a man anticipated a 
professional career for his son, he did not send him to college. 
Today a college education is considered a business asset, and 
young men and women continue their studies from the high 
school through the college with as little consideration of the val- 
ue of the training as the child goes from the kindergarten to the 
primary school. Obviously our institutions must be flooded 
with less serious, less prepared, less capable students than the 
elder generation knew. There are only a few people in any 
community with the gift for real scholarship, but it is talent that 
cannot be hidden, and every university and college cherishes a 
few choice spirits of this type. The proportion of scholars to 
the number of students is no doubt less, but their number is as 
great as ever. If they have the superficial graces also they be- 
come fraternity members ; if they lack them, their mere scholar- 
ship is not a reason for their reception into a group of friends 
whose first requirement is comradeship. 

The age is a practical one ; some of us may regret this fact, 
but we must accept it, and the thing for us to do is not to attempt 
a reversion to past conditions, but to so adapt training to present 
conditions that we shall be able to foster the humanities with- 
out jeopardizing the utilities. The college world is no longer a 
cloistered precinct, it is an integral part of the community. 
Thirty years ago the members of the college faculties were se- 
lected groups of men, who by taste and custom kept away fiom 
the highway of life; today they rub shoulders with the crowd 
and are active workers in politics and civic life. The old order 
has changed and given place to new. 

The definite evils of chapter-house life Mr. McDermott has 
very thoroughly investigated, also their advantages, and leaves 
us just about where we started, rather uncertain as to whether 
they make for good or evil. The remedy for the defects, he sug- 
gests, lies with the alumni. Probably the alumni could correct 
most of the trouble if they would — but they won't. It is only a 
few of the younger and less occupied alumni who are willing to 
give more than it takes to write an occasional check to their 
fraternities. The salvation must come through the active chap- 



166 ALPHA XI DELTA 

ters, whose interest in the matter is personal and keen. Our 
hope is in the upperclassmen. Junior and senior can exert a 
much greater influence on the freshmen than parents or alumni. 
With alumni sentiment, if not activity, behind them, the upper- 
classmen have the solution of the difficulty in their own hands. 
To foster the proper spirit of responsibility among them is the 
work of the fraternity conventions, of the journals, of the college 
facuUies. Youth is strong to do what it desires because its faith 
is great. 



From Miss Charlotte H. Walker, Editor of Kappa Alpha Theta. 

The undue prominence given at present to social distinction, 
and the lack of vital interest in scholarship on the part of our 
fraternity undergraduates are but the natural reflection of the 
spirit of our times, and in particular of our alumni. As long as 
the chief efforts of our alumni are directed toward making Alpha 
Beta's lounging room more elegant in its appointments than that 
of Alpha Delta, so long will our undergraduates be chiefly inter- 
ested in social rivalry. This we must expect until our alumni 
come to a realizing sense that it is the quality of the men grad- 
uated, not the cost of the house in which they live, which deter- 
mines the superiority of one fraternity over another. 

Physical ease does not stimulate mental alertness. When 
our alumni see that the luxuries, which their pride and generosity 
provide for the college youth of today, are a mere temptation to 
waste of time; when our fraternity houses become in realty a 
substitute for natural home life instead of pretentious clubs, then 
only may we expect a return to good scholarship. 

But we need also a better mutual understanding between 
the fraternal organizations and the college faculties. On the uni- 
versity faculties, at least, there are usually found several repre- 
sentatives o f each fraternity.* In such cases the fraternities 
should each elect an alumnus member of the faculty who would 
be responsible alike to the faculty and the fraternity for the 
scholarship of its members. Such an alumnus could speak with 
authority, but also with sympathetic understanding for the un- 
dergraduate. Thus the acknowledged duty of our alumni, i. e.. 



SYMPOSIUM 167 

to care for the scholarship of our undergraduates, would no long- 
er be left to the haphazard oversight of chance alumni visitors 
and residents. It would become the duty of one man, elected for 
the purpose, and suited therefor by his special interest in, and 
knowledge of, the situation. 



FROM MISS GERTRUDE C. ROSS, FORMER PRESIDENT 

OF GAMMA PHI BETA. 

Primarily it is the thought of our sorority that the nearest 
approach to a genuine house life in the chapter houses will 
be found when we can place in them as chaperons members 
of our own sorority. By so doing we believe that the college 
chapters can more readily be made to feel the influence of the 
alumnae, that the alumnae will be more alive to their responsi- 
bility, and that this wiU result in maintaining the traditions and 
ideals of the sorority. With the judicious aid and supervision of 
one of their own number we think that the seniors will realize 
that they are the guides and examples of the underclassmen. 
When this responsibility is acknowledged it will, without doubt 
create an atmosphere of pride in a well regulated home life, 
a respect for authority, a proper seriousness toward college work 
and a loyalty to the institution, all of which will influence the 
newcomer and cause her to adjust herself more easily to her sur- 
soundings and to the demands of university life. 



FROM CARLTON H. HAYES, NATIONAL SECRETARY 

ALPHA CHI RHO. 

Just as my steamer was on the point of leaving New 
York my brother in Alpha Chi Rho, Henry C. Staunton, editor 
of the Garnet and White, dashed down the dock and press- 
ed into my hand a cop^ of your circular "To the Greek Press," 
containing the article by Professor McDermott on "The Chapter 
House and its Effect on the Fraternity," with the request that I 
send you my reflections on the same. 

I certainly take pleasure in expressing some of my opinions 
on a subject which has been brought forcibly to my attention 
during five years' service as National Secretary of Alpha Chi Rho 
and also, though from a different point of view, through my ex- 
perience as an instructor in Columbia University. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 



168 ALPHA XI DELTA 

We fraternity men talk too much and do too little. Of course 
it is important in this case to caU attention to the evils, but the 
undergraduates as a rule are quite aware of the evils if not of the 
need of correcting them. Let us devote our appeals chiefly to 
the graduates — it is with the graduates that the future of the 
chapter house rests. And even while we are stirring the grad- 
uates to a sense of their great responsibility, let us take definite 
practical steps toward eradicating the evils which we all admit 
exist. I find that oftentimes it is easier to do a thing and tell 
people about it afterwads than it is to talk a thing up and then do 
it — it is more apt to be done. If we are sincere, we shaU work 
until our national organizations have adopted reform measures 
and officers have been elected in the fraternities and in every 
chapter to put such measures into force. 

One other thought I should like to leave with you. I believe 
there is too much false modesty among the fraternities. Why 
should we stand on etiquette if we know positively that a certain 
chapter of a certain fraternity is corrupt, that it is inculcating 
vice and bringing reproach on our institution? Why should we 
not call it by name, publish it in all our magazines and create 
such a hubbub that the national organization of that fraternity 
will take notice and be forced or shamed into remedying the 
evils? I know now of a certain chapter at Columbia which holds 
a drunken meeting every week, which is said to entertain street 
women now and then, and whose daily table is the place for con- 
tinuous obscene jests. The good chapters and the bad chapters 
have occasioned the different estimates of the benefits and dan- 
gers of the chapter house to which Professor McDermott has so 
well called our attention. We need publicity. 

* There certainly are hard feelings between college faculties 
and members of fraternal organizations. If these feelings 
do not exist in the entire faculty, there are always some 
professors who do not favor the fraternity. Let the students 
take the first step towards a better understanding. It is their 
place. They must let the professor see that they are making an 
honest effort not because they are fraternity members, but be- 
cause they came to college to work. If the students will take 
this first step, there are few professors who will not meet them 

* The following paragraphs are selected from some of Uie dlscusalons upon Uie 
article by our undergraduate members.— Bd. 



SYMPOSIUM 169 

halfway. Even if the faculty will not take the lead, its members 
will do their best to help students who are in earnest. 

That the sororities, as well as the fraternities need a better 
mutual understanding between themselves and the college facul- 
ties, there is no doubt. 

Almost unconsciously, the majority of professors question 
the work of fraternity members in their classes until their pro- 
ficiency and good scholarship has been proven, not once only but 
often many times. The pupils in question often become disheart- 
ened before this process ends and begin to think, "What's the 
use?" Then the professors applaud their own keen insight and 
continue with even stronger prejudice against fraternities, sorori- 
ties and their members. 

We confess, however, that too often is it the case that there 
is reason for this prejudice on the part of the professors. There 
is no doubt that the social element takes a much larger place in 
the minds of many sorority members than it should, and although 
it looks at times as though the place given it were much larger 
than that assigned to the intellectual, I do not really believe it 
is so. If the intellectual element were not first, would the mem- 
bers of sororities in the various universities have worked so hard 
to gain an entrance to those various institutions? Are there not 
hundreds of other places where social prestige may be obtained 
with less effort? 

As we stated before, professors have come into this prejudice 
almost unconsciously and through force of habit, as it were, 
many of the faculty expect to see poor work on the part of these 
certain members of their classes, so they are on the out look 
for only such work. They are inclined to pass by those who do 
proficient work. Of course the complaints are of the former kind. 
Of the others we hear nothing. Hence the former class would 
seem to be much the larger. 

It is our opinion that were these professors to put aside for 
a short time only their long cherished prejudices against fraternal 
organizations as a whole and look at the thing fairly and square- 
ly, they would see some surprisingly proficient work done by 
members of sororities and fraternities, to which their eyes have 
been closed heretofore. The faculties seem to make the great 



170 ALPHA XI DELTA 

mistake of judging the many by the few frivolous members. We 
do not wonder at that, for those few are often the ones most in 

evidence. 

But if our prejudiced faculty members would try to see all 
good instead of all evil in the members of Greek letter societies, 
it would do much toward raising their conception of the fraterni- 
ties and sororities with which they come in contact. 

A. F. M., Mu. 



The All Around Sorority. 

Professor McDermott's article reproduced in the February 
"Alpha Xi Delta" must make every true Alpha do some deep 
thinking. 

One of the needs set forth ; "To be represented more gener- 
ally in all departments of college life by the best men, of course, 
in each kind of work," especially applies to us at Tufts, for one 
Sorority here is recognized through its social life, one by its 
scholarship and so on. This it seems to me is not the true em- 
bodiment of a well balanced, symmetrical Sorority. 

We need to be represented in the social life of the college, 
not only for the prestige it may give us among other Sororities, 
Fraternities, and members of the college world, but also for the 
broadest development of the individual. No mere book-worm 
can after graduation take a woman's place in the world and suc- 
cessfully keep it. 

But it is also true that the social element is not the only im* 
portant consideration, lest a girl should come to think too much 
of the "good time" and less of the deeper things of life. We 
must have a higher standard of scholarship. It is very easy to 
solace one's self by thinking disparagingly of some one, who has 
made PBK and whom we do not regard as in any way expressing 
our idea of manhood or womanhood, but deep in our hearts we 
do know that the attainment of the golden key is well worth our 
sincerest efforts. 

Although in a coeducational institution our brothers bear the 
brunt of atliJetics, there are many ways by which we may reach 
more perfect physical development, and there is always the op- 



SYMPOSIUM 171 

portunity for hearty sympathy with the men in their athletic as- 
pirations to uphold the honor of Alma Mater. 

Lastly we must not forget the spiritual phase of our lives. 
The helpful word we may speak or the generous act we may per- 
form, are in the name of the Master, " whose we are and whom 
we serve.'' 

If we develop in these ways, there can be no doubt that we 
shall **be represented in all departments of college life," and so 
become the All Around Sorority, which is our ideal. 

E. E. B., Lambda. 



\Vaste of Time. 

According to Prof. McDermott, waste of time seems to be 
a general failing among our sororities and fraternities; and 
may this not be the foundation of a majority of the objectionable 
features which arc urged against a society of this kind? 

By waste of time is not meant time spent in becoming more 
closely acquainted with one another; the hour or so which we 
spend in walking or other form of exercise ; the time we give to 
"outside interests," as we sometimes wrongly call them — purely 
college interests or the formation of friendships with those out- 
side our own sorority. 

To work when we work and play when we play is a com- 
mendable aim. Most of us, I think I am right in saying, do not 
heartily do either. We lack effective concentration; a habit, no 
doubt, of dormitory life, where we study with "one ear open" to 
hear if our less studious sisters are saying anything "interesting." 
Of course, it wouM destroy half our pleasure if every time we 
had a few minutes to enjoy ourselves, we should consciously en* 
deavor to do so, for unexpected pleasures are the best. Those ac- 
cidental gatherings where a group of girls spend half an hour in 
animated discussion are often among the happiest of our college 
memories. But do we not take too many half-hours for this pur- 
pose? Is it not laziness or indifference to our college work which 
many times prompts us to linger there "just talking," and all the 
while feeling that we can ill afford to take the time just then? 



172 ALPHA XI DELTA 

How to use our leisure and to find leisure to use is the great 
question. One of our professors has told us that a man is judged 
by the way he spends his leisure. To plan our work so that we 
can work that plan successfully means to have a moderate 
amount of time which is our very own to be impressed with our 
personality. We may spend part of it in cultivating friendships; 
part in recreation ; part in committee work for our frat, our class 
or our college ; part in social pursuits ; but whatever we do, let ui 
be primarily advised by that old Greek saying, "Nothing in ex- 
cess," so that when our four years have passed and we stand be- 
fore the world as representatives of what our sorority can do for 
a girl, we will have truly learned to order our lives according to 
those highest principles of educated Christian womanhood which 
is the ideal for which we strive. H. S. B., Lambda. 



g^Ua Qrlta i^lta. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA was founded at Boston University 
on Thanksgiving eve, 1888, by four members of the class 
of '89, Sara Ida Shaw, Eleanor Dorcas Pond, Florence 
Isabelle Stewart and Isabel Morgan Breed. They associated 
with themselves seventeen members of the lower classes. 

The present government of the fraternity is vested in a grand 
council which consists of eight general officers and the editor of 
the journal, all of whom are elected tri-annually at the national 
convention. The fraternity is divided into three provinces for 
administration purposes, and province conventions were held in 
the early days of the organization during the years when the na- 
tional convention did not meet. The last convention was held in 
Lincoln, Nebraska, June 1SK)8. 

The badge is a crescent inclosing three stars and bearing 
three Deltas. The pledge pin is a trident. Members of the alli- 
ances wear an equilateral triangle of white enamel, supporting on 
its sides three Deltas of gold and inscribed in a gold circle sur- 
rounded by six spherical triangles in blue enamel. The national 
flag is rectangular in shape and is composed of three vertical 
bars, the first and third sea green, one bearing three Deltas in 
white, the middle bar white with a green pine tree upon it. 

The colors are silver, gold and blue. The flowers is the 
pansy. The open motto is, "Let us steadfastly love one another." 
Poseidon is the patron and the call is Alala! Alala! Alala! Ta 
Hiera Poseidonia!" 

The fraternity publishes quarterly a magazine known as 
"The Trident,*' In 1906 it published a secret magazine, "The 
Triton/' and now issues annually a similar publication, called 
"The Trireme." 

Delta Delta Delta has twenty-six chapters and sixteen al- 
liances or alumnae associations. Following is the chapter roll : — 
Adarin, Baker, Baltimore, Barnard, Boston, Bucknell, California, 



174 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Cincinnati, Iowa, Knox, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nebraska, 
Northwestern, Ohio State, Pennsylvania, Randolph-Macon, 
Simpson, St. Lawrence, Syracuse, Vermont, Wesleyan, Wiscon- 
cin, Colby, DePauw and Transylvania. The total membership is 
1900. active membership 400 and the average initiation is 175. 



(211;^ Alaaka-f ukiin-]Pan& ixpHBrtwn 



The interest of all Seattle and especially its University com- 
munity is centred at present in the Alaska Yukon Pacific Exposi- 
tion, which begins June first. Part of our beautiful University 
campus is the site of this Fair, and our once splendid National 
Park, has now been converted into a city of massive white build- 
ings, where will be found wonders and exhibits from all parts of 
the world. Some of the buildings are already complete, as for ex- 
ample the Auditorium Building, which has been turned over to 
the University authorities for use until opening of the Fair, and 
which will be left as a permanent University building after the 
close of the Exposition. Other buildings which are to be event- 
ually the property of the University of Washington are the 
Chemistry building, Library, Women's Building, Recitation Hall 
and Power House. These buildings are very artistic and are 
situated on an elevation, which slopes to Lake Washington on 
the one side and Lake Union on the other; they are indeed an 
imposing and beautiful sight. 

The students of the University are doubly interested in the 
Exposition which is to be held in our city this summer, both be- 
cause of the general interest of all loyal Seattleites and Washing- 
tonians and what it means to the future development, and pro- 
gress of our beloved coast, and further because of the exposi- 
tion's nearness to the University, and the improvements and ad- 
ditions to the Campus, which are being made through the efforts 
of the Exposition authorities. 

Nu Chapter is especially glad of the opportunity she will 
have to entertain some of her eastern sisters, and wishes to take 
advantage of this occasion to extend to them all a most hearty 
welcome to our city, assuring them that they will never regret a 
trip to the wonderful Puget Sound region, and Seattle, the gate- 
way to the Orient and Alaska. Below will be found a list of 
some of the Alpha Xi Deltas, who will probably be in Seattle this 



176 ALPHA XI DELTA 

summer, and who are very anxious to meet personally all Alpha 
visitors to the exposition. 

Adelaide Fischer, 201 21st St. 

Mary Smith, 1101 E. Thomas 

Anna Balsch 308 E. 77th. 

Edith Potter, 4217 15th Ave. N. E. 

Lela Parker, 2508 N. 42nd St. 

Alice Murchison, 740 16th N. 

Florence Lucks, 1411 E. Ward. 

Marion Wrigley, 1132 8th W. 

Dorothy Drake, 1017 E. Marion. 

Aileen Daniels, 1612 Madison. 

Myrtle Parr, 4217 11th, N. E. 

Madie Willimann, 414 Minor N. 

Elsie Waddingham, 1535 2d W. 

—ANNA BALSCH, NU. 



^l:^t CtnroUt #tatu^ at % Itttoratty 

0f ntfarnnBuu 



One of the events of Commencement week next June at the 
University of Wisconsin will be the unveiling of a life sized 
statue of Abraham Lincoln. This announcement was made 
at the time of the Lincoln Centenary and caused great re- 
joicing. The statue is a replica of the heroic bronze one by 
Adolph Weimnan which will be unveiled at Hod genville, Ken- 
tucky, Memorial Day. The commissioners consented to allow 
one replica to be cast and Mr. Thomas E. Brittingham of Mad- 
ison has presented this to the University. 

On the upper campus in front of University Hall is to be a 
Court of Honor and this statute will be the first and central fig- 
ure. Says Senator LaFollette : "What influence the figure of the 
sad kind, sagacious, determined, and rugged face of our great 
Civil War President will have upon the thousands of students, in 
the way of developing nobility of character and sustained courage 
to carry forward the fight for the advancement of the people of 
this country, no man may foretell ; but that it will be perpetually 
one of the great and high educational forces of the university no 
one can doubt." BERTHA DAVIS, Theta. 



178 ALPHA XI DELTA 



THE SPIRIT OF SPRING. 

Spring has come, and where she wanders 
In hcT robe of tender green, 

All the earth is filled with langhter. 
Every lovely thing is seen. 

nirds and flowers, come forth to greet her! 

And all ye who hear her call, 
Answer freely, answer gladly; 

For we love her best of all. 

And look up, ye sad and weary, 

Where no blossoms ever die! 
Every sorrow, every burden 

'Xeath spring flowers shall hidden lie 

— Iva Belle Boreing, XL 



lEwrg lag fflotmriL 



INTER-SORORITY FRIENDSHIP. 

_ _ HEORETICALLY membership in a sorority endows one 

twith a new understanding of the meaning di friendship 
which one is supposed to feel not only for fellow-members 
but for outsiders as well, including members of other sororities. 
In practice it generally does nothing of the kind. Why not? Why 
does membership in one sorority so often breed, if not actual dis- 
trust, at least indifference, toward most of the members of other 
societies? 

A few isolated instances of life-long friendship which have 
survived the strain of membership in rival sororities may be noted, 
but from my own observation I should say they survived rather 
in spite of, than because of sorority teachings. I have in mind 
the case of two girls who were inseparable from early childhood. 
One entered college, joined a sorority and awaited the coming of 
her friend with impatience, taking it for granted that the sorority 
relation would further strengthen their friendship. The friend 
came, was rushed madly by several sororities, hesitated, wavered, 
was rushed more than ever and finally ended the whole matter, 
and I might say came near ending the friendship, by joining an^ 
other society through the influence of relatives. Wounded pride 
on the part of her first friend upon finding her influence so much 
less than she had supposed, and assumption of defiance on the par 
of the second to cover an honest pain in her heart at disappoint- 
ing her best friend and, last but not least, the wear and tear of a 
bitter season of rivalry have largely undone the work of years in 
what should have continued to be an almost perfect friendship. 
Although outwardly more or less friendly, the old mutual con- 
fidence is gone and widening and often conflicting interests are 
rapidly drawing the two girls still further apart. 

This condition, which can undoubtedly he duplicated in al- 
together too many instances, is to be blamed to the narrowness 



180 ALPHA XI DELTA 

of vision of the average sorority girl. Why she should feel im- 
pelled to limit her real friendships to those of here own circle 
and to be immune to the good points of girls in other sororities 
will, in later years, be a mystery even to herself. Occasionally 
there are girls sufficiently "safe and sane" to decline so to limit 
themselves, and it is to their healthy influence that a sorority 
must look for the eradication of this positive evil. A sorority 
demands loyalty to its welfare and its members, but not a fever- 
ish or narrow minded loyalty. NU. 

4c « ♦ ♦ ♦ >^ ♦ 

THE ATTITUDE OF THE SORORITY MEMBER 

TOWARD COLLEGE AFFAIRS. 

The ideal sorority girl has the interest of her college at 
heart as deeply as those of her society. How many of us, I won- 
der really work for the advancement of the school? There are 
so many ways open to us, "no opportunity" is absolutely no an- 
swer to the question. 

Too many times has it been said that certain girls came to 
college merely because of the social life offered by Greek letter 
societies, and too many times have such assertions had good 
foundation, for us to neglect them. 

We are college women first, sorority girls next, and we owe 
our Alma Mater as much as we do Alpha Xi Delta. Even from a 
selfish point of view. Nothing can advance the status of the 
chapters more than to maintain a high scholarship and to take an 
active part along literary and religious lines. 

The houseless chapters have an additional responsibility in 
our dormitory life. Every non-sorority girl is watching us more 
or less consciously, she is mentally weighing our attitude to- 
ward house rules, general decorum and daily life. None of us 
can afford to disregard this quiet comparison with girls outside 
our circle, and for the chapter's sake, if for no other reason, our 
aim should be democracy and thoughtful consideration. 

F. CAALIDGE, Beta. 

4c 4c 4e 4e 9^ 4e 4c 

THE PRAGMATISM OF SORORITY. 

There is a philosophy which puts its first question thus: 
"What difference does it make?'* and, as a Senior now enter- 



THE SBLF-CENTllRRD CHAPTER 181 

ing the last term of active sorority life, I see no more fit- 
ting subject for me to discuss than the pragmatism of the so- 
rority — that is, the difference sorority has made to me in the past 
and is making in the present. When first I had a right to wear 
the quill, I confess to a lack of appreciation. The full and deep 
significance of sorority life did not dawn upon me. Alpha Xi 
Delta meant to me an opportunity to make a few real friends, — 
practically nothing more. However, it was sufficient. The bonds 
rested lightly on me. I had not begun to feel the responsibility 
of being a sorority girl. Later, I had vague glimmerings when I 
half perceived that there was something more, something better. 
And now, that I have come to the last of my sorority life, and 
realize that to this chapter of my life I must soon write finis, I 
know that sorority means not only the opportunity of making 
friends, but also that of being a friend. I have come to look upon 
our principles as living truths — truths vital to me. I can never 
be thankful enough for the broader vision, for the greater tender- 
ness, which sorority has given me. 

There are nineteen (19) girls here in school, each of whom 
I may call **Sister," and not feel that it is an empty name. 
There is no richer word in the English language than the word 
"friend,'* and sorority has deepened its meaning for me, and made 
it glorious. To be a friend — there is no greater privilege. 

To those sisters who are young in sorority life, I say, be of 
good cheer. There are discouragements, difficulties,, but bye and 
bye, if you keep the faith, the shams and the littleness will 
shrink awav. You will have learned for a fact that it is "More 
blessed to give than to receive/' 

SARAH ANNE SMITH, Delta. 



THE SELF CENTERED CHAPTER. 

It is natural for every chapter to be interested in and work 
for herself, but sometimes the girls in their enthusiasm forget 
the best interests of the sorority at large. 

The chapter must be judged by something more than rush- 
ing parties, and if the girls are not identified with the general 
activities of the college, they will find that the reputation of their 



182 ALPHA XI DELTA 

chapter suffers thereby. Even people not antagonistic to so- 
rorities criticize the lack of interest, which some sorority girls 
show toward college life. The various literary societies, public 
speaking, Social Service Organizations and the Y. W. C. A., are 
not only means of broadening each girl's life, but also of in- 
creasing the standing of her sorority at college. 

Again, the girls should be national in thought and feeling as 
well as in name. Let us forget our own ideas and customs, and 
remember that other chapters may have good suggestions for us. 
Some one has said that it shows provincialism and lack of culture 
to laugh at customs and modes of dress, which seem to us pe- 
culiar. We should not then be narrow in our sorority growth. 
Our Journal is the best medium for the exchange of ideas, and 
should be read with thoughtfulness and interest by every girl, 
who is interested in the national progress of Alpha Xi Delta. 

LENA G. BALDWIN, Eta. 



THE SCHOLARSHIP PROBLEM. 

Recently there has been introduced into the Greek letter 
world, a determined effort toward higher standard of scholarship. 
There have been many plans tried with varying success, but the 
most improvement in all cases is noticeably among the upper 
classmen. The younger students seem to require some strong 
impetus to spur them on to do better work. This is one of the 
great problems of the present day and as a remedy, I would sug- 
gest that a pledge should be required to attain a high scholarship 
before being initiaated. For those already initiated, in order that 
they may not become lax in their work a plan somewhat similar 
to that of the Wisconsin chapter of Phi Gamma Delta might be 
effective, namely that of engraving the name of the freshman with 
the highest scholarstic standing, on the chapter's silver loving 
cup. at the end of each semester. If there is need of an incentive, 
let the incentive be worthy of good work. 

NELLIE A. PROVOOST, Alpha. 



HONORARY MEMBERS 183 

TWO VIEWS OF THE QUESTIONS. OF 

HONORARY MEMBERS. 

Some time ago I read an article on Carl Schurtz, who was an 
honorary member of Phi Kappa Psi, and since then I have been 
wondering why the constitution of Alpha Xi Delta forbids hon- 
orary members. 

Our patronesses are a great help to us socially and we are 
always grateful for their help and encouragement. But Alpha. 
Xi Delta is something more than a social organization. There 
are big things being done outside the college world of which 
we should know, but unfortunately the college girl is often ignor- 
ant of these problems. And there are cultured women making a 
place of prominence for themselves all over our country, who 
could give us inspiration and a broadened outlook and whom 
Alpha Xi Delta might justly be proud to claim as members. 

Honorary members should not be numerous, but a few 
wisely chosen with the approval of the Grand Committee would 
be of great assistance to us. Not only could we go to them for 
advice and encouragement, but we could also feel that we had a 
representative in the outside world. Our patronesses and the 
general public might then recognize that we had some object 
aside from social successes. 

There is a general tendency on the part of our parents — 
always willing to give us any pleasure — to call a sorority a 
**club,** and to look upon it as a place where the girls have a good 
time, and sometimes, as a place where a girl may work off her 
extra enthusiasm. Evidence of this feeling in our elders is found 
in the indulgent smiles, when a girl drops some word about her 
sorority in the home circle. 

There is another fact which we must recognize, and that is 
that the sorority has many enemies among thoughtful college 
educators. Now, if the general college world should see that we 
had as an honorary member some earnest, well-educated woman, 
known not as a societv leader, but as a woman interested in the 
important problems which are confronting the world today, then, 
I am sure, our purpose woiild be better understood and we would 
meet with less opposition. 



184 ALPHA XI DELTA 

My idea of an honorary member is that she should be an 
initiate, should know every secret and purpose of our organiza- 
tion, and belong to us, not in name only, but in reality. Such 
a woman, if she have breadth and culture, could be of infinite 
help and inspiration because she would know and understand 
our perplexities where a patroness would fail because of her 
lack of intimate knowledge of the situation. Honorary members 
should be very, very few, as has been said, but what city has not 
some woman, of notable refinement, character, and attainments, 
who would not welcome the opportunity of sharing her own 
breadth of vision with a band of enthusiastic college girls ? And 
which of us could not profit by intimate contact with such a 
woman ? ETA. 



Some one has asked why there are no honorary memberships 
in Alpha Xi Delta, why the Constitution forbids it, and what rea- 
son the sorority founders had for thus making the law. As near 
as I am able to answer for them, the feeling among our earliest 
members, and which still prevails to a great extent, was that an 
honorary membership does not really mean very much, either to 
the one who receives it or to the chapter which bestows it. Web- 
ster defines an honorary member as "a person possessing a title 
or place in an association without performing services or receiv- 
ing a reward" — an empty sort of privilege. Such a person is not 
a member at all in the truest sense of the word, as she can know 
nothing of the miner workings of the organization, none of its 
secrets, or aims and ideals, except as they are reflected in the 
lives of the members. The bestowal of such title can easily be- 
come meaningless and promiscuous. This has become apparent 
to me in the Order of the Eastern Star, a Masonic order for wo- 
men, where it seems to be the custom when a Grand Officer visits 
a chapter to make her an honorary member of that chapter. It 
really amounts to nothing but words, though the Grand Officers 
may value it more than I think. Perhaps if our own chapters 
would use this privilege in the same way as does the above men- 
tioned Order it might not be objectionable. For myself I w'oulJ 



A PERSONAL LETTER 185 

by no means refuse an ,honorary membership in Mu Kappa 
Epsilon or any chapter of our sorority that I visited; still, it 
could not make me more an Alpha Xi Delta than I am, nor give 
me any privileges which I do not now enjoy. But the question 
is not so much in reference to giving the title to our own girls 
as to to older women or men, who could not, from the nature of 
things, be initiated into the sorority. It might be satisfying for 
a chapter to be able to claim some noted woman, say Mrs. Roose- 
evelt or Mrs. Taft as an honorary member but except as sound- 
ing somewhat closer, what real good could such a woman do that 
a patroness could not? A patroness gives the prestige of her 
name and her help. What more could an honorary member do? 
A patroness can join in the social part of chapter life and give 
counsel and aid — an honorary member could not do more. My 
solution to the question is substitute patroness for honorary 
member. ALPHA. 



A PERSONAL LETTER TO ACTIVE ALPHAS. 

Dear Alpha Xi Delta Sister: 

As an alumna, I should like to add my plea that each chap- 
ter make an especial effort to keep in close touch with all its 
Alumnae. It takes but a short time for an active girl to write a 
letter and send it on its way ; but that letter means a great deal 
to the recipient to let her know that she is remembered during the 
activities and pleasures of college life; to make her feel that she 
is still in touch with that "college life;" to cheer her and en- 
courage her so that she may do her own work better. All this it 
surely means, and that letter may also bring her back for a visit 
to the chapter house, as I am going back to visit Kappa Chapter 
on March twenty-sixth. 

Fraternally yours, 

MATTIE FARGO, Kappa. 



186 ALPHA XI DELTA 



A FOUNDERS' DAY PLEDGE. 

'Tis Spring — all earth rejoices. 

All sadness taketh flight 

It cometh from the winter, 

As daytime come from night 

As April half advances, 

And nature hath appeared. 

The heart of every Alpha 

Is much inspired and cheered. 

For then we have a feast day 

And rejoice with all the earth, 

In celebrating far and near 

Our Alpha Delta's birth. 

We praise our much-loved Founders 

Of dear old Alpha Xi; 

Who made it possible to have 

This best sorority. 

We hope that we may profit 

From each ideal and aim. 

And may achieve far greater things, 

To add to Alpha's fame. 

So we pledge increased devotion, 

And will ever more be true. 

To our dear, old Alpha Delta, 

And the gold and double blue. 

— Bess Randle, Beta, 



lE&ttnnalB. 



Alpha Xi Delta la pabliahed In Noyember, February, May and Angmst, by the 
Alpha Xi Delta Sorority. Offloe of Publication 715 S. Union Ave.. AlliaDoe, Ohio. 

Second class rates applied for. 

Sabacrlptl9m Price: Si, 00 per ymr, pmymble Im •rfvaoce. 



The August ALPHA XI DELTA will be a special catalogue 
number, and will be sent to none of our exchanges. The cata- 
logue will include as complete a roll and directory of each chap- 
ter as it is possible to secure, but with the exception of necessary 
convention announcements and information, probably no other 
matter will be included in this special issue. 

♦ 3K 3K 

The National Pan-Hellenic conference has announced the 
admission of Zeta Tau Alpha fraternity to full membership in the 
conference. We take this means of communicating the announce- 
ment to all Alpha Xi Deltas, in order to express for our sorority 
our pleasure in welcoming Zeta Tau Alpha into the conference. 
This further extension of Pan-Hellenic influence and opportunity 
is indeed gratifying, and must be added to the published list of 
concrete results of inter sorority work which has been prepared 
by the present National Pan-Hellenic secretary, and which ap- 
pears elsewhere in the pages of this issue. 

* * * 

We wish to remind the treasurer of each chapter that our 
present constitution requires her to collect one dollar from each 
member who is not to return to the chapter next fall. This 
dollar is to pay for the JOURNAL for such member during the 
next succeeding year, and will, we trust, establish in all sub- 
scribers thus secured the excellent habit of being a constant 
reader of the ALPHA XI DELTA. 

i^ i^ m 

Elsewhere in this number, our grand Secretary makes formal 
announcement of the convention of our sorority to be held with 
Eta chapter next October. It is not much to hope that this will 
be in every way the best convention Alpha Xi Dela has ever held. 
In order to make this possible, the present duty of each chapter 



188 ALPHA XI DELTA 

is to make a careful and wise choice of delegates, choose a girl 
who can best represent the essential and important elements of 
your chapter life, and who can likewise bring back to your chap- 
ter a complete survey of the real work of the convention. We 
hardly need to add that such a deligate will not necessarily be 
the best dressed girl in your chapter. She may or may not be 
your most popular member. But if she is a girl who can give or 
already has an accurate appreciation of your chapter's needs and 
local difficulties, and who can so present these to the convention 
as to have them rightly understood and dealt with, she will ac- 
complish much for the good of your chapter. We do not mean 
to disparage social attractiveness, but we believe other qualities 
are more important in convention representatives. 

Because the special character of the August JOURNAL 
may prevent us from making further comment on the subject, 
we wish at this time also to urge all Alphas who possibly can 
to attend this convention. The editor will, we trust, be pardoned 
for feeling the liberty of the host impressing this invitation, for 
she was once privileged to be an active member of the chapter 
which is to entertain us this fall. We feel in consequence a per- 
fect right in promising to all visitors the heartiest of welcomes to 
Syracuse, — not inappropritely called the "convention city" of 
New York state. But even the most liberal assurances of rare 
hospitality and enjoyment should not be your chief motive for 
coming to Syracuse — great as is the pleasure always found at 
such occasions. Come, rather, because the convention will need 
you. Every member of our sorority would have to be present, 
were the convention to be exactly ideal, and the nearer we can 
come to such a happy representation, the nearer will we be to 
having an ideal convention. The advice and experience of our 
alumnae are especially necessary to the work of the convention. 
We therefore particularly urge the alumnae to attend this con- 
vention of 1909, and help make it successful. 

Regarding the legislation of the convention. We have been 
asked to submit to the Grand Secretary a list of the questions 
which we would like brought before the delegates next fall. This 
is an important request and should receive prompt attention. 
From time to time the contributors to the JOURNAL have pre- 



EDITORIAL 189 

sented difficulties which should receive consideration at the con- 
vention, and we trust that the ones who have been troubled with 
these problems will now request such consideration. A word of 
explanation is due here to some of the correspondents who sent 
for this number of the JOURNAL articles dealing with ques- 
tions upon which convention action is deserved. Most of these 
we have omitted, because the discussion seemed more appro- 
priate for our own secret sessions than for publication. The very 
fact of their omission here, however, renders it more necessary 
that they be included in the lists prepared for the Grand Secre- 
tary. 

Let us think, and plan, and work to make the 1909 conven- 
tion a splendid uplift to our sorority at large. 



Just as we go to press the news comes that the petition from 
the University of California has been favorably voted upon by 
Grand Committee and chapter. At this time we can do no more 
than voice the sentiment of the sorority in cordially welcoming 
the new chapter. May prosperity attend the installation of Omi- 
cron of Alpha Xi Delta. 



iExrlfangra, 



[Exchanges are requested to send one copy to each of the following: 
Mrs. S. R. McKean, 2402 W. Fourth St., Williamsport, Pa.; Mrs. J. R. 
Leib, 1271 W. Washington St., Springfield, 111. ; Mrs. J. E. Gilmour, 154 Elm 
St., Bradford, Pa.] 



We acknowledge the receipt of the following publications, calling at- 
tention to a few of the interesting and instructive articles: 

The Frater of Psi Omega: 
November — 

January — This number as well as many others of our exchanges con- 
tains a reprint of Professor McDermott's article, **The Chapter House and 
Its Effect on the Fraternity," followed by the "Symposium" on Chapter 
houses," part of which we publish elsewhere in this issue. 
The Adclphean of Alpha Delta Phi: 

December — Thcta Chapter of Alpha Delta Phi has been established 
at Lawrence University, Appleton, Wisconsin. 
Kappa Alpha Journal: 

October — December — 

April-- 

Sigma Kappa Triangle: 

January — "It is very easy for the sorority to become the most important 
thing in a girl's college career. It is the thing nearest to her and so is the 
thing largest in her sight. But let her extend her vision and see that the 
college is larger than the sorority though farther away and that the sorority 
is but a means to a larger end." 

The Phi Chi Quarterly: 

/a«Mary— "Phi Chi in Olympic Games." "Life on a Shanty Boat." 

The Arrozv of Pi Beta Phi: 

January — "The University of Toronto," with illustrations, arouses our 
interest in Canadian college life. The article is written in connection with 
an account of the establishment of Ontario. 

^Ipha of Pi Beta Phi: 

''How our Chapters are Housed." Statistics, regarding all of the chap- 



EXCHANGES 191 

teri, tell the size of chapter, house accomodations and management, including 
amount of rental and methods of meeting expenses. 

The Anchora of Delta Gamma-. 

January — "Fraternity Advertising." "Then the sorority magazine has an 
added value as an advertisement medium which no newspaper or any of the or- 
dinary periodicals has. Readers of The Century for instance, feel no obliga- 
tion to patronize the dealers in various wares who advertise in its pages. 
Readers of The Anchora are joint stockholders in Anchora. They realize 
that the advertisements are addressed to them individually and that their 
patronage of Anchora's advertisers is an essential element in the prosperity 
of Anchora. The fraternity idea is loyalty to the national body. If ad- 
vertisers could be made to realize that their sorority advertisements are 
carefully read and conscientiously remembered by the most loyal body of 
readers in this country this asset of sorority advertising would not be over- 
looked." 

AprU-- 

The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi: 
January — 

March — This number is given largely to the Fifty-sixth Annual report 
of the secretary of the fraternity. Phi Kappa Psi has now a grand total 
membership of 11,100. There are forty-one active alumni associations. 

Beta Thcta Pi: 

January — A Tulane number. Beta Xi of Beta Theta Pi was established 
at Tulane University of Louisiana, November, 1908. 

February — 

Kappa Alplta Theta: 

January — Installation of Alpha Lambda chapter at the University of 
Washington, Seattle. 

March — Installation of Alpha Mu chapter at the University of Missouri. 

The Lyre of Alpha Chi Omega. 
January — 

The Mask of Kappa Psi. 
January — 

Delia Chi Quarterly: 

February — Another fraternal organization for the University of Wash- 
ton. Delta Chi placed a chapter in the Law School in November, 1908. 

Alpha Phi Quarterly: 
February — 



192 ALPHA XI DELTA 

The Key of Kappa Gamma: 

February — "Loyalty — How Far?" by Henry David Gray, Stanford Uni- 
versity. We quote in part — 

"Loyalty to a fraternity, then, like every other form of loyalty, like 
patriotism itself, ceases to be the beautiful thing that it naturally is when it 
interferes with loyalty to truth and justice, with loyalty to one's own best 
self and the most healthful life of others, when it ceases to be outspoken 
even when speaking out may be very hard, when it in any way condones 
what is wrong. 

"The sentiment against "telling," the feeling that one must befriend i 
culprit, especially, perhaps, if he belongs to the same fraternity, the noble 
heresy that a man must answer to his own conscience if he chooses to cheat 
on examination, and not to those others who are implicity wronged by the 
comparison resulting, these are instances of a loyalty to the student group 
which are in fatal opposition to a higher loyalty- When students fed such 
an impulse toward good citizenship that they will let it outweigh the false 
loyalty which leads them to shield a wrongdoer because he is a fraternity 
mate or a classmate, when, in other words, the higher loyalty triumphs over 
the lower, then they will ask no one's permission to organize themselves into 
a tribunal of justice; nor will they let any temporary extraneous discipline 
interfere with their own exposing and expelling of any who arc guilty of 
drunkeness or disorderly conduct, or the getting of university credits under 
false pretenses, or of any other offense to the state or the community. 

The Phi Gamma Delta: 

February — We find the third sketch of one of the founders, Ellis Bailey 
Gregg, in the February issue. 

March — 

Delta Sigma Delta: 

February — "Other Fraternities and Our Fraternity" by the Editor. 

The Themis of Zeta Tau Alpha: 
February — 

The Trident of Delta Delta. Delta : 

February — An interesting department called "Pan-Hellenic," contains 
items regarding local and National Pan-Hellenics. 

Delta Delta Delta's twenty-eventh chapter has been installed at Stanford 

University. 

April — "Notes by the Wayside." A few experiences while inspecting 
and installing chapters. 

The Garnet and White; Alpha Chi Rho: 
January — 

March — A Convention Number 



EXCHANGES 193 

The Alpha Tau Omega Palm: 

March — This issue is given largely to an account of the Twenty- First 
Congress held at Pittsburg, 1909. "Democracy in College" by Thomas Arkle 
Clark contains many excellent thoughts. We reprint the closing paragraphs— 

I have no sympathy with the idea which I once heard expressed by a 
fraternity man that, "A fellow who knows his own bunch well, knows all 
the people in college worth knowing." Every fraternity man is under obli- 
gations to know and to be interested in every individual in the group of 

men with whom he has cast his lot, but his duty does not end here. He 
owes something more to the community, something more to the college, 
something more to himself. The head of a household, of course, owes his 
tirst duty to his family, but his obligations are not ended when this duty is 
discharged. He owes something to the community in which he lives, some- 
thing to society, and something to the state, and the man who refuses to 
recognize these obligations is a poor citizen. It is equally the duty of the 
fraternity man, over and above his fraternity spirit, to be imbued with a 
real college spirit which will lead him to help every legitimate college in- 
terest- He should try to know as many men as possible, and he should never 
be above recognizing any man whom he knows. He should get into one or 
more of the general activities of college life — athletics, society, religion, 
politics, and out of them he should secure as thorough a training and de- 
velop as wide an acquaintance as possible. Every general organization 
should find some fraternity man in it; no worthy movement should be start- 
ed without his support. It is only by thus showing his democratic interest 
in general college affairs that he can justify his narrower fraternal interest. 
If fraternities are to receive the general approval from college authorities 
which they deserve, the fraternity man must show that he is neither narrow 
in his interests and his sympathies nor a snob in his manners. He must 
show that he has at heart the best good of the college and of the college 
community. If the fraternity is to reach its best development in the future 
there must be no doubt in the mind of any one that the principles of the 
fraternity arc broad, high, and democratic. Democracy is one of the most 
potent factors in a liberal training. The fraternity man, because of his op- 
portunities, because of his position in the college community, has an unusual 
chance to exercise a strong force in the development and in the spread of 
such a spirit. He owes it to himself, he owes it to his fraternity, and he 
owes it to the college which nurtures him to do what he can for the strength- 
ening of the democratic spirit in the college in which he works. The spirit of 
Alpha Tau Omega, I am sure, is in harmony with the spirit of democracy 
which has always characterized the American nation, and I feel confident 
that those who listen to me will carry with them into the college and the 
organizations from which they come this spirit of interest and helpfulness, 
not only in the specific organization to which they belong, but in the college 
and the community at large. 



194 ALPHA XI OniTA 

The Record of Sigma Alpha Epsiloni 
March — 

The Delta Vpsilon Quarterly: 
March — 

Thi Crescent of Gamma Phi Beta : 

The Elensis of Chi Omega : 
February — 

The Scroll of Phi Delta Theta : 

February— The National Convention. 



Attn0mtr^m^nta 

The Gamma Fhi Beta Sorority takes pleasure in announcing that the 
Nu Chapter of the Sorority was installed in the University of Oregon 
Eugene, Oregon, on Friday, December the eighteenth, 1908. 



The Grand Council of Kappa Alpha Theta announces the establishment 
r.f Alpha Mu Chapter at The University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri on 
Friday, February the twelfth. 1909. 



The Kappa Kappa Gamma, Fraternity announces installation of Beta 
Phi Chapter in the University of Montana, Saturday, March the twentietli. 
1909, Missoula, Montana. 




ALPHA. 
Dear Sisters; 

One of the most enjoyable events of o 
the visit of live Beta girls to our Chaptti 
Elva Potts, Ethel Caris, Ethel Milospaugh, 
We hope to meet these girls agai 






with them anU also ti 

we feel drawn nearer 

The Alpha girls * 

home of our patroness 



life at Lombard this year was 
The visitors were the Misses 
is Randle and Blanche Heizcr- 
become better acquainted 



meet other Alpha girls, for since meeting the Betas, 
o all our sister chapters. 
ere charmingly entertained at "500", Jan. 26lh at the 

Mrs. Dyke Williams. S4S N. Prairie street. We were 



invited to spend Sumiay, Mar. 28th, at the home of our sister, Mrs. Bertha 
Cook Evans, nfMonmouth. Miss Grace Cook, a graduate of '08, was the 
guest of honor. Miss Florence Imes, Miss Maude Bruner and Mrs. Dudley 
were other guests. It is needle-^s to say thai all present had a jolly good 
time and were sorry whcii the time came to leave for home. 

Mabel Hcndel. 



BETA. 
D<ar Sisters: 

Spring vacation is over, which means that Easter "bonnets" have been 
selected. Delineators and Pictorials have been put aside and our minds arc 
again taken up with more important subjects than spring styles. 

May Johnson entertained the chapter at a dinner party recently. We 
had a fine dinner and a glorious time as we always do at the Johnson home. 

Sister .Alice Bahh, who is now a Senior at Northwestern, visited the 
chapter a week in March. \ spread was given in her honor nt Florence 
Stephen's. Mrs. Kapp, a patroness of the chapter and a cousin of Miss Babb, 
entertained the Alpha Rirls and patroness at a delightful reception. The 
Misses Helen and Loui.se Sehell, Alpha Phis of Northwestern, also enter- 
tertained several of tlic .\lphas at a dinner complimentary to Miss Babb. 

The Senior class has chosen the play, "As You Like It," to present 
on clas.s day. The cast of characters has been selected by : 



196 ALPHA XI DELTA 

the Faculty. Lucille Brady has been given the part of Audrey and Mabel 
Duncan that of Celia. 

The Wesleyan Boom given March 15th, was a grand success. Sister 
Alice Cheney, President of the Y. W. C. A. under whose auspices the Boom 
was given is to be commended for its success. 

We wish to tell Zeta and Eta chapters that we also have a pair of twins, 
Lucille and Louise Brady. We have had them four years but since they re- 
semble each other so slightly, we had forgotten we could make such a boast 

Beta is very much grieved on account of the death of their beloved 
patroness, Mrs- Lola Goan Galer, which occurred March twenty-first. Mrs. 
Galer was a patroness of the ideal type. "Our Alpha Mother" she was 
called by the girls and that title speaks for itself. Though an invalid for 
several years, she was ever interested in the best welfare of the Alpha girls 
and her home and heart were always open to receive them on any occasion. 
Beta chapter has indeed lost a friend. 

Sincerely Yours, 

Mabel L. Duncan, '09 Beta. 



GAMMA. 
Dear Sisters: 

Gamma takes pleasure in introducing three new sisters,, Jessie Garman, 
*12, Lillian Moore, '12 Margaret Patton, '12. 

On the evening of March 4th, Mrs. W. W. Webb threw open her beau- 
tiful home on S. Union avenue to the girls and a number of their friends. 
The girls were pleased to have Grace Xewhouse-Yciggi of Salem, Anna Jones- 
Yaggi of Cleveland, and Laura Atkins-Ocsch of Sebring, present on this 
occasion. 

March 21st the girls gave a spread at the house for the active and 
alumnae members. 

President elect and Mrs. McMaster arrived in Alliance on April 8th, 
and were met at the depot by several hundred students, who formed an arch 
of purple-covered canes thro' which they walked to the waiting carriage 
draped in College colors and penants, which a number of the boys pulled to 
college, followed by the students and the **rube" band formed for the oc- 
casion. At the College, Mr. McMaster greeted the students and trustees who 
were present, thanking them for his warm reception, and ending by giving 
with the student body the college yells. 

On the evening of April 14th a reception was tendered Mr. and Mrs. 
McMaster at the First Methodist Church, at which over a thousand were 
present. 

Alpha Xi Delta's share in the welcome given Mrs. McMaster is best told 
by a clipping from the "Alliance Daily Review:" 

"One of the most elal>orate social functions ever undertaken in local 
college fraternity circles was carried out Saturday by the Alpha Xi Delta 
sorority at the chapter house on College street. 



CHAPTER LBTTBRS 197 

In the afternoon a reception and musicale was given In honor of Mrs. 
W. H. McMaster, wife of the new president of the college, which is de- 
scribed as the most brilliant affair of the kind ever seen in Mt. Union. The 
chapter house had been superbly decorated for the occasion in college colors 
and purple pennants mingled in elaborate profusion with ferns, palms and 
white spiraea. Purple candelabra, bedecked with violets, were also a part 
of the scheme. About 80 guests were present in the afternoon. 

The out of town guests present in the afternoon were Mrs. Sumner 
Oesch of Sebring, Miss Pearl Lang of Canton, Lucile Strong of North Ben- 
ton and Mrs. L. E. Yaggi of Cleveland, O. 

The receiving line was composed of Mrs. Albert Zang, Mrs. W. W. 
Webb, Mrs. Arthur Wright, Mrs. J. B. Bowman and Mrs. W. H. McMaster. 
The following musical program was carried out: 

Piano solo 5th Nocturne, Leybach, Miss Hinshilwood; Quartet — ^The 
Sweetest Flower that Blows, Misses Walter, Olive Bracher, Mary Bracher, 
Mrs. John Boyd; reading, A Dear Old Story, Miss Ruby Walter; solo- 
When the Heart is Young, Buck, Miss Blanche Bracher; piano solo, Berceuse 
op. 57, Chopin, Miss Vivian Strong; duet, I Live and Love Thee, Mrs. 
Arthur Morris and Miss Olive Bracher; piano solo, Valse in E, Moszkowski, 
Miss Bessie Senor; solo. Miss Ruby Walter; quaret — A Southern Lullaby, 
Phipil, Misses Walter, Olive Bracher, Mary Bracher. Mrs. John Boyd; piano 
duet. Qui Vive, grand galop de concert, W. Ganz, Misses Bessie Senour and 
Verna Binkley. 

In the evening the girls of the sorority and the local alumnae enter- 
tained some of the college men in a most delightful manner. A portion of 
the musical program of the afternoon was repeated and games and contests 
made a pleasant social evening. A line of the chorus of a song was dis- 
tributed to each guest and when the four lines of the chorus were assembled, 
the quartet holding them was obliged to sing the song. 

About sixty were present at the evening reception." 

The following paragraph from the Review tells of another of our pres- 
ent college interests: 

"The students and others interested in the welfare of Mt. Union college 
will be pleased to learn that plans are being made for a remodeling of the 
campus at this well known institution of learning. President McMaster has 
taken up the subject with Mr. Yost of New York, who il a trustee of the 
college and also a noted landscape architect, and under the latter's super- 
vision plans and profiles are now being prepared. It is the Intention to lay 
out the entire campus in the form of a park making driveways and walks, 
surrounded by lawns, beds, etc. The arbor day exercises were held Friday, 
when some 35 trees, 140 Virginia creepers and 75 Boston ivys were planted, 
making the first step in the movement toward improving the college 
grounds." K. Olive Bracher' 



198 ALPHA XI DELTA 

DELTA. 
Dear Sisters: 

The spring time which brings joy and gladness to the hearts of all is 
here at last, but wc begin this, the last term of the school year, with a little 
sadness mingled with our joy. Seven of our girls will leave us never to 
return as fellow-students, but we feel proud that so many girls will go out 
into the world filled with the principles of Alpha Xi Delta, so ready to meet 
the problems of life and do good to all with whom they come into contact. 
The winter term was a short and strenuous one for all of us. February the 
twenty-second the Delta girls kept open house in their new sorority room. 
The occasion was very enjoyable. In the evening of March seventeenth we 
entertained our young gentlemen friends with a St. Patrick's party. Wc 
have planned a programme for April seventeenth. Founders' Day, which will 
be given at the home of Sister Garda Bachell. 

We hope to have many picnics this spring and make these last days full 
of happiness. 

Since the last issue of the Journal we have pledged Miss Verna Mercer 
of Randolph, Ohio.. 

We are looking forward to commencement, when several of our old 
sisters will be with us again. 

We wish you all a happy spring time. 

Yours in A. X. D. 

Jennie A. Smith. 



EPSILON. 
Dear Alphas: 

We are happy to announce the pledging of Ella Christansen of Lake 
Freston, So. Dakota. 

Commencement preparations have begun and we are brought to the real 
izations that school days will soon be over for some of the girls. Our 
Seniors are Helen Frazee, Lucile Camerer, Lois Nicols and Mabelle East- 
man. 

A University Club has been established. It is composed of the execu- 
tive heads of all the classes and organizations in the student body. 

The Law Building was dedicated in February. Two new buildings which 
will soon be erected upon the campus are the Library Building and the Uni- 
versity Heat, Light and Power Plant. 

Debates with the University of North Dakota and Creighton Law 
School were won by U. S. D. 

March 30th the Sophomore class presented the play "Monsieur Beau- 
carie." Esther Johnson had one of the leading parts. 

**One of the most delightful as well as elaborate social functions of the 
year was held on Saturday evening, March 13, when the members of ^silon 
of Alpha Xi Delta entertained their friends at their annual dance at Wood- 
man Hall. The hall was profusely decorated with thousands of red poppies. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 199 

Garlands of poppies, alternating with ribbon of green covered the walls and 
ceiling of the entire room. The whole effect was that of a veritable floral 
bower indescribably beautiful in the softened glow of the electric lights. 
Two little girls presided at the punch bowl and ices in poppy cups were 
served during the evening. Prof, and Mrs. Akeley and Prof, and Mrs. 
McDaniels acted as chaperons. The dance orders were dark blue lambskin, 
with the sorority seal in gold, tied with light blue cords." 

With the heartiest of good wishes to all Alpha Xi. Deltas. 

Epsilon. 



Dear Sisters: 

As this is the last Journal before we separate in June, Zeta wishes for 
all the girls a very pleasant and happy vacation. 

Since the last time we wrote, our membership has increased to sixteen. 
On the evening of Feb. 5, we initiated into the mysteries of Alpha Xi Delta. 
Hortense Geiger at the home of Ruth Collien. 

We have one pledge whom we expect to make an Alpha very soon. 

Zeta girls are looking forward to Founders' Day, in ccflebration of 
which we are going to have a dinner at the Arcade Hotel. Our patronees 
will be invited. 

This year we have been most fortunate in having a very kind friend, 
the grandmother of Helen Dormblaser, who has thrown open her house to 
us every Friday afternoon for our meetings. Perhaps some time soon we 
shall have a house all our own. 

On St. Patrick's evening Ruth Collien entertained the Alpha girh and 
some of the boys from each fraternity represented at Wittenberg. The out 
of town guests were Myrtle Wildasin and Mrs. Victor Smith. 

Our patroness, Mrs. John Zimmerman has been very enthusiastic and 
has worked unceasingly in the interests of the local option campaign. After 
April 29th Springfield will be a dry city. 

£. Hagel Wright. 



ETA. 
Dear Alpha Sisters: 

A sirring time greeting to yon all from Eta. The beautiful weather 
seems a promise of a long restful summer, free from college cares and wor- 
ries. But we have had such good times along with the work that we al- 
most hate to leave even with such a promise. 

Directly after mid-year examinations we entertained our patroness at a 

Chafing dish supper. We all sat around the dining room while three or four 

girls did the cooking at the tables. And such good things as were brought 

to us. Our appetites were on edge, from watching the babbling and boiling. 

We had creamed salmon, Scotch woodcock, sandwiches, shrimp salad, cheese 

Yearns, tea, olives, potato chips, ice cream, cake, salted nuts and candy. 



200 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Later the girls sang and played and we ended by a long Alpha song. 

We have given several informal dances during the semester and they 
always insure a good time. Once more we have two new girls to introduce 
to you all. Miss Esther Slate, 1911, of Mount Vernon, New York, and Miss 
Belle Vickery, 1912, of Phoenix, New York. They are both fine girb and 
we are well satisfied with our spring rushing. 

About a week ago the biennial Fake Show was given by the Fakirs' Qab 
of the College of Fine Arts. The basement of Crouse College was converted 
into a midway and some of the side shows were ridiculous. They were all 
pure fakes, of course, and the more you were taken in the more 3rou liked it 
Upstairs in the chapel two preformances of the big show, a musical ex- 
travaganza, gotten up by faculty and students, were given. This was not a 
fake but was very witty and pretty. The members were dressed in all man- 
ner of unique costumes and they went through the halls selling programs or 
yelling as an advertisement of their particular side show. In fact each seem- 
ed to be trying to make more noise than any of the others. 

Helen Lewis, 



THETA. 
Dear Alpha Xi Deltas: 

Theta again wishes to extend her invitation to you all to come to the 
Alpha Xi Delta camping party on Lake Monona, across from Madison, June 
24, July 1st 

Mar. 17th we entertained at a St. Patrick's tea. The decorations were 
green, of course, and besides the subdued gr^tn electric lights, we used green 
candles, set in potato candle holders'. Bess Adams, who attendeds the school 
of oratory at Northwestern University, read for us. 

The Saturday preceding our tea we entertained at whist for our chap- 
eron e, Miss Harriet Field. 

Hugh Black, the great Scotch minister, gave a series of talks at Madison 
in March. He spoke at convocation one noon. During the month that 
Policy Fenton, '06 and Winifred Ryan, '09 were away, the town members 
of Theta had their turn at real sorority home life. They lived at the house, 
one or two at a time, for a few days each. 

The University circus was given April third, and was a great success, 
especially the act in which Teddy hunted lions and tigars in the jungle con- 
sisting of two palms. 

The Senior Engineers gave their minstrel show about a week prior to 
the circus. Commencement week is rather late this year being from June 
19th to 23. 

Our spring dancing party will be given May 22. The Glee Club gave a 
concert Mar. 12. Patsy Cline, '12 took part in it 

Frances C, Albers. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 201 

IOTA, 
At last we are able to have a frat room. We had often in sorority circles 
discussed the advisibility of renting a house and having a matron; then we 
had a great time deciding on the locality. Last summer we found that our 
finances would permit us to rent a room for the present school year and ap- 
pointed a committee for this purpose. When school opened in the fall those 
of us who live out-of-town were delighted to hear that we were really going 
to have a frat room. It is in the front of a very pretty home centrally located. 
While it is not "up a winding stair*' it is upstairs. To start with we had a 
bare room. First, we had our floor stained and covered with rugs. We had 
carpenter build window seats. Our room is under the eaves and the double 
front windows are not very high, but with a window seat it is a pretty cor- 
ner. At one side there are two high double windows and another window- 
seat hung with pretty curtains in rose pattern. The window seats are up- 
holstered with blue denim and put on with brass tacks in order to carry out 
the frat color scheme. At one of our banquets we decorated the ceiling 
with the tri-colors which we have left up. The walls are hung with pennants 
of different fraternities and colleges, and a few pictures. The cosy corner is 
the most popular place in the room. The furniture has been contributed by 
different friends. Our alumnae have donated various articles toward the 
ornamentation of the room. 

One evening last term a special meeting of the chapter was held at the 
home of Mary Frances Chadwick. After the business session the girls 
were served with delightful refreshments and the rest of the evening was 
spent in social enjoyment. 

The Annual Military Ball took place Feb. 18 and the whole week was 
given up to social affairs for the many out-of-town visitors. 

During Military Ball week the local chapters of Delta Tau Delta, Phi 
Kappa Psi, and Sigma Chi gave "open house" receptions. 

On the afternoon of March 2 Iota gave a reception at the sorority room 
to the patronesses, the mothers of the girls and a few friends, in honor of Mrs. 
W. E. Glasscock, the wife of the new governor of our state. Misses Marie 
Courtney and Olive Weaver assisted in receiving the guests. 

The chapter held its seventh initiation on Feb. 25-26. Miss Ada Moon 
and Mrs. Ethel Crimm- Peterson were received as Alpha sisters. After the 
ceremony a banquet was served and a short toast-program rendered. 

On Feb. 22 the "Gym Girls" entertained the "Non-Gyms" with an old- 
fashioned country fair. All the usual attractions were on hand, the fortune 
teller, picture fakir, snake eater, ocean wave, and stock exhibits, being the 
most popular. The refreshments consisted of "hot dog" sandwiches, popcorn 
balls, pink lemonade and ice cream cones. 

Lillian Smith recently entertained the chapter at her home in South 
Park in honor of her house-guest. Miss Antoinette Manning of Charleston, 
W. Va. 



202 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Soon after Initiation day Iota entertained her pledges with an informal 
affair at the "frat room." 

We are pleased to announce Edith Smith, '12 of Morgantown as a re- 
cent pledge. 

Mrs. W. J. Leonard delightfully entertained the diapter with a chafing 
dish party at her home on University Driveway on the evening of March 26i 

Iota will hold ''open house" for its friends on the evening of April 10 
at the sorority room. » 

Mary Meek Atkeson. 



KAPPA. 

There are one hundred and one things Kappa would like to say this 
month. We know that every other chapter has been envying us the past 
week, for Mrs. Leib has been with us and you all know what that means. 
She came Friday noon. March twenty-sixth and we tried our best to wear 
her out during her four day visit but you all know her enthusiasm and un- 
tiring energy makes everything and everybody bright and happy wherever 
she is. Kappa owes everything to Mrs. Lieb, it was she who installed us, and 
has continued to look after us ever since. We look forward to her visit of 
inspection with a great deal of pleasure and each year strive to come a little 
nearer the standard she sets for us. 

I will pass over two days of her visit here and go to our "frat" meetiog 
of Monday evening, for it was without exception the best Kappa has ever 
had — due to Mrs. Leib's presence. The meeting was formal following the 
regular order of business, with a very helpful talk by Mrs. Leib on sorority 
affairs and our own weaknesses, which I will carefully omit here. We aU 
liked it however and wouudn't mind hearing one of the same kind every week. 
Miss Kays also talked on the history of the fraternity. We have a talk by 
one of the girls at every meeting on some phase of sorority life. After 
the business meeting we had initiation. Ivalon Branch becoming our new 
sister. Wc are very glad to welcome her as one of our members. Never be- 
fore has initiation meant so much to the Kappa girls. 

In February Winifred Campbell and Mary Swartz gave us a valentine 
party at the home of the latter in Urbana. 

We take pleasure in announcing Oma Barns of Harrisburg, 111., as a new 
Alpha pledge. 

All our pleasure has had a very sorrowful ending. The girls of Kappa 
sincerely sympathize with Rosalie, Louise and Janeatte Retz in their present 
sorrow. When God calls our parents from us we feel as tho the dearest 
ones on earth had passed away. Grace Spencer. 

(The following account of the formal opening of Kappa's new home 
seems rightly to belong with the chapter letter above.— Ed.) 

KAPPA'S ANNUAL. 
More of Kappa, and if it becomes tiresome to you we have only one 



CHAPTER LETTERS 203 

excuse to offer that is, from all quarters we hear but one cry "We know 
nothing of Kappa." "What is she doing/' "We never hear from her." 

You all know about our chapter house so you will feel familiar with the 
following description of its formal opening. 

Friday evening, March twenty-sixth we held our annual dance at Illinois 
hall. There were over eighty people present, including town and out of 
town guests and the active members and their friends. Miss Gant our chap- 
erone, Mrs. Leib, Prof, and Mrs. Rankin and Prof, and Mrs. Dufour formed 
our receiving line. The grand march was led by Katherine Blake and Harry 
Ruskamp assisted by Myrtle Coker and Mr. Braley. We danced a program of 
twenty dances to the best music that Champaign affords. The dance was 
very informal and every one hal a jolly good time. 

Saturday was our big day we began early in the morning and made 
every crack and corner in our house gleam forth with cleanliness. We 
scraped, and scrubbed, and worked all morning. The house has been papered 
and all the rooms carried out a certain color scheme. The two front bed 
rooms are in green the middle ones pink and the back ones in yellow. 

The lower floor was decorated with Jackson vine from the south over 
the banister on the lights and curtains and in the dining room. Pink roses 
were everywhere. The dining room table was festooned with, smilax and a 
big tank of roses filled the middle. One end of the living room was set 
aside for the musicians, who played during the afternoon and evening. This 
part was banked to the ceiling with palms. There were palms in all the 
rooms. 

The reception line consisting of Katherine Blake, Miss Gant, Mrs. 
Leib; Miss Kollack, dean of women, Mrs. Rankin; Mrs. Dufour and Mattie 
Vargo and Lucilc Kays, formed at three o'clock as the guests began to ar- 
rive. Each party was shown over the house and then served with orange ice, 
coffee, cake and mints. Then each guest received a little gold quill with a 
light blue ribbon and A. X. D. on in dark blue. These were very attractive 
of course. 

The house was crowded until nearly six when the girls, all but dead, 
began to revive their spirits with lunch which Mrs. Rankin very thoughtfully 
provided. 

The formal evening reception began at eight. Myrtle Coker, Governor 
Robert Taylor of Tcnn., Dean and Mrs. Davenport, Miss Gant, Prof. Gar- 
ner, Mrs. Clarke, Dean and Miss Rollack, Mary Bickel, Mattie Vargo, 
Prof, and Mrs. Rankin, Prof, and Mrs. Dufour and Anita Barrett formed 
the reception line. 

There were over three hundred and fifty guests present. 

We owe a great deal to the help of Mrs. Leib, Miss Gant, our chaperone, 
and our patronesses. If it had not been for their advice and assistance the 
girls would not have been able to overcome many obstacles and make the re- 
ception such a thorough success. 



204 ALPHA XI DELTA 

LAMBDA. 
Dear Sisters: 

It will be only a few weeks more before the long summer vacation. We 
are all looking forward to our annual house-party at Rockport, in June. 

On the twentieth of January, the Lambdas gave an informal tea to the 
faculty wives, in a few of the girls* rooms. A very pleasant afternoon was 
spent, and it was a happy opportunity to become better acquainted with oor 
guests. 

The arrival of the new sorority song books has been the occasion of 
many happy hours spent together. 

On February the sixteenth the Sophomore class presented the play **My 
Brother's Keeper," and our three "eleven" girls. Sue Knight, Audrey DuflFey, 
and Bertha Shepard, took promient parts. The Freshman play, "A Rank 
Deception," came a month later and Edith Bradford took the part of a fine 
young man. 

Miss Cleveland spent the nineteenth and twentieth days of March with 
our chapter. We enjoyed having her with us very much,and wished that 
her visit might have been a longer one. While she was here, we enjoyed a 
theatre party, seeing Ethel Barrymore play in "Lady Frederick." 

The Junior girls held their banquet the seventh of April, at which 
Estella E. Buttlerficld gave a toast, and Ada L. Smith sang a solo. 

Our big dance will come the fourteenth of May, and course we are all 
looking forward to the event with pleasant expectations. 

With the best wishes of the season, 

I am fraternally yours, 

Elsie May Chandler, Lambda, 



MU. 
Dear Sisters: 

Mu chapter is very glad to introduce her new initiate Genevieve Hart- 
gering and her new pledge, Helen Cunie. This rounds our active mcmbcr- 
sHTp up to an even dozen and with the addition of these new, enthusiastic 
girls we are looking forward to a very happy and profitable spring and sum- 
mer. 

Although we were much disappointed that, on account of her mother's 
illness, Mrs. Leib could not make us her intended visit, we enjoyed the few 
^ays Miss Ellen Ball spent with us and were sorry that she could not re- 
main over for the big spring party at which we entertained a number of 
freshman at the home of Georgia Belle Elwell, on March 6th. The after- 
noon was spent in playing progressive quirley cuts and after dinner a vaude- 
ville performance was given on the third floor followed by informal dancing. 

On February ninth Mu chapter gave her annual formal dancing party at 
Alice Shcvlin Hall, the Woman's Building at Minnesota, and in spite of the 
fact that a blizzard was raging without, sixteen couples enjoyed a most de- 
lightful evening. 



CHAPTER LETTERS 203 

Great rivalry has arisen between the different co-ed class organizations at 
Minnesota. The senior organization, "Cap and Gown" was organized last 
year. This year "Bid and Tucker," the freshman, "Pinafore," the sophomore* 
and "Tam-O-Shanter," the junior organizations all sprang into existence, 
each having frequent spreads and social gatherings. The junior girls have 
been more energetic than the others, however, and entertained five hundred 
men at their last gathering. 

Great excitement centered around the Girls* Basket Ball Tournament 
which came off recently, and although Ruth MacNamee of our chapter 
played on the Sophmore team, the Freshmen won the cup. 

We are looking forward to our Founders' Day celebration which is to 
take the form of a banquet this year and sincerely hope that every chapter 
may have a most delightful day and the pleasantest of summers. 

Fraternally, 

Blanche Grand Maitie, Mu, 



NU. 
Dear Alpha Xi Delta Sisters : 

As the last message of the College Year, Nu wishes to extend to all 
her sisters best wishes for a happy vacation. 

Since the publication of the last Alpha Xi Delta, several important 
events have happened in the world of Nu. First among these was the re- 
ception on Jan. 30th of six splendid girls into our beloved bonds ; we there- 
fore wish to introduce you to your new sisters, Edith Potter, Marie Sauter, 
Daphna Leasure, Anna Balsch, Cornelia Mattice and Claire Weatherford. 
Two pledges have also been added to our number, Vetabel Phillips and Zelda 
Connor — two lovely girls, whom we will initiate before we part for the sum- 
mer. 

On Feb. 5th, Alpha Xi Delta at Washington held its one formal affair 
of the year in the form of a reception, both afternoon and evening, to all 
its friends. The reception and chapter rooms were decorated in Alpha Xi 
Delta roses and banks of green, and the dining room was resplendent in 
yellow tulips and chrysanthemtmis. More than five hundred guests called 
during the day. 

The first of March Alpha Xi Delta took a very important step forward, 
by moving from the old chapter house to a beautiful new one near the Uun- 
versity boulevard. Nu is certainly delighted with the change and wishes 
that some of her eastern sisters might be able to pay her a visit and be shown 
the beauties of her new home. 

Delta Tau Delta recently presented the new house with a beautiful silver 
coffee percolater, engraved "Alpha Xi Delta." Nu is much indebted to her 
friends of Delta Tau Delta for their lovely gift 

The buildings of the Alaska Yukon Pacific Exposition are progressing 
and rapidly nearing completion, some of the exhibits being already placed. 
On account of the opening of the Exposition June 1st, Commencement from 



206 ALPHA XI DELTA 

the University will occur June 2nd. At this time Nu will lose four of her 
number, Adelaide Fisher, Mary Smith, Alice Murchison and Lela Parker. 

The Womans League of the University held a County Fair on April 3rd 
at which over three hundred dollars was cleared and added to the fund 
for the Woman' Building. 

Alpha Xi Delta was entertained on the afternoon of February 13th at a 
Valentine party, by Miss Anola Gross, one of the chapter's dear friends. A 
very pleasant afternoon was spent. 

Nu is eagerly looking forward to Founders' Day, which which will be 
celebrated with a Banquet at the Butler Hotel. Invitations have been sent 
to all the Alumnae and to our Patroness. The Banquet will be followed 
by a toast program and the prophecy and history of our chapter. 

Lela K, Parker, Nu, '09. 



XI. 

Dear Alpha Delta Sisters: 

Since our last letter the Alphas at Kentucky have been very busy, our 
classifications for the term, just ended, were heavy and but few gayeties re- 
lieved the monotony of the mid-winter term. 

During the last two weeks Chemical and Physical labratories have grown 
very distasteful; for spring, Kentucky's loveliest season, now has full sway. 
The meadows and woods are a wilderness of wild flowers and the magnolias 
are in full bloom. All afternoon the songs of the cardinal call us from 
school duties out into his own bright realm of sunlight. 

The fifth of May is the date which has been set for our annual "Girls 
Gymnastic Tournament," Baroness Posse of Rome, Italy, is to be our hon- 
ored guest for the occasion, and is to present the silver loving cup to the 
winner of the tournament. May the fates smile upon Alpha Xi Delta. 

We arc planning to celebrate Founders' Day cnjoyably but 
not elaborately. We are very young Alphas, therefore it is doubly necessary 
that we use all precaution against anything that might cause us to forget 
the real significance of the day. We have planned a luncheon in honor of 
our alumnae and a few patronesses. 

Pearl Claybrooke, one of Psi's most beloved members, is coming to Lex- 
ington, April 10, to be initiated into Alpha Xi Delta. She will be a guest at 
our Founders* Day celebration. 

Lida Jones, XL 



ALLIANCE ALUMNAE. 
Dear Sisters: 

Alliance Alumnae wishes all her Alpha Xi Delta sisters a pleasant and 
happy summer. 

We have been holding our regular meetings at the homes of the g^rls 
twice each month and have had delightful times together. In this manner, 



CHAPTER LETTERS 207 

interest in the active chapter does not fail, and we learn many ways in 
which we can be of assistance to them, and are also kept in closer touch 
with the College. 

The Alumnae girls are greatly interested in the Mt. Union College 
Woman's Association which has been effected within the past few weeks 
and Alpha Xi Delta has been well represented in the work that is being car- 
ried on. Mary Bracher served on the Committee to draft the Constitution; 
Mary Kay and Etta Bates were on the reception committee for our new 
President and his wife. Mabel Hartzell is Recording Sec'y. and Mary Kay 
Corresponding Sec*y. for the Association. The organization has been form- 
ed in the hope of giving some substantial aid to the raising of the $200,000 
endowment fund for the College and the trustees of the College have been 
asked to arrange for the endowment of a woman's professorship as a fitting 
memorial to the notable fact that Mt. Union was the first of all the Colleges 
to offer to women the same educational advantages as to men. The endow- 
ing of this chair will be the aim of the Woman's Association, whatever is 
raised applying at the same time on the $200,000 fund. It will be a part of 
the work to secure and place on file, historical data pertaining to the found- 
ers of the college and to the struggles of the early days. 

Mary C» Bracher. 



BOSTON ALUMNAE. 
Dear Girls: 

Boston Alumnae had its January meeting at the home of Eleanor Ladd, 
ex. '08, In Medford. We were all pleased to see the pretty, new home of 
Eleanor and her mother. We were unfortunate in having big snow storm 
that day, yet there were nine girls who ventured out. Because of the ab- 
sence of the president we had no business meeting, but had just a good 
social time. 

In February we met with Lala Nye in Somerville. We had an un- 
usually large number of girls present. After the business meeting we spent 
considerable time singing Alpha Xi Delta songs. 

Our March meeting at the home of Irene and Florence McCoy, was a 
week earlier than the appointed time, because we had Miss Bertha Cleveland. 
Grand Vice President with us. She was here to inspect us. We were de- 
lighted to see her again, for we all remember how pleased we were to know 
her when she was here nearly three years ago when we were not Alpha Xi 
Deltas, but hoped to be. We should have liked to have seen her more, but 
her visit was very short, and of course the active chapter had the greater 
claim on her time. 

Now we are looking forward to Founders' Day which we are going to 
celebrate at the home of Julia Gibbs-Adams in Waltham. 



J08 ALPHA XI DELTA 



iEngag^mpnta 



Kappa. 

The engagement of Gertrude Edbrook, 'ex "11 to William Miller Osbiirn, 
Alpha Zeta, Cornell, '08, of Utica, N. Y., has been announced. 

The engagement of Florence Bass, *ex *~, to Richard Morris of Bolder 
Col., is announced. 

The engagement of Mary Swartz, '06, to T. Carson, Sigma Chi, Urbana, 
III., is announced. 

Theta. 
'The engagement of Charlotte Stough of Minneapolis, to Roscoe Young, 
of Wansaw, Wis., was announced Easter Sunday." 

Boston Alumnae, 



Mwcnn^B 



Alpha. 
The marriage of Emma Estelle Garst to Mr. Ernest Hinshaw occurred 
in March, 1909. 



UtrtlfH 

Beta. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Morgenson, (Laura Clark) of Albia, a son, 
Dana Clark Morgenson, Jan. 14, 1909. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Mead Piper (Mary Huston) of Des Moines, a 
son, Stanley Huston, Feb. 16, 1909. 

Gamma. 
Born to Mr. and Mrs. Frank Shaw (Blanche Whitla) a daughter, 
March 2nd. 

Epsilon. 
Born, to Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Heeden (Josephine Hanson) a son, Feb- 
ruray 16, 1909, at Sioux City, Iowa. 

Lambda. 
Born to Mr. and Mrs. Ralph D. Thomas (Marion McQuinn), a son, on 
February 22nd. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. George Lowe (Betsey Harmon) a son, John 
Harmon Lowe, on April 2nd. 



PERSONALS 209 



^^rfionala 



ALPHA, 

Miss Minnie Hughes of Table Grove was a recent Lombard visitor. 

Miss Allen Thompson will not be in school during the spring term. 

Edna MacDonald-Bonser, '98, is spending some time traveling in Europe 
with her husband and little daughter. Prof. Bonser has a year's leave of ab- 
sence from the State Normal School, Macomb, Illinois and is doing some 
original research work abroad. 

Grace Cook, who has been teaching in the High School at Benton Har- 
bor, Michigan, is spending her spring vacation with her sister, Mrs. Bertha 
Cook Evans. 

Rosa Rains-Kopta with her husband and two little girls lives in Hutson- 
ville, Illinois. 

Emma Estelle Garst was married to Mr. Ernest Hinshaw in March 1908. 
Her address is Standford, 111. The Alpha girls who know this new sister 
will rejoice with her in her new life. 

Carrie Alice Stickney, '97, is spending the winter in Cambridge, Mass., 
12 Chauncey St., three streets north of Harvard square. Last summer was 
spent in Europe where she visited eleven different countries. Her two 
brothers graduated this year from Harvard, and one brother holds a position 
as instructor. On account of his position, Miss Stickney is granted the 
privilege of being Harvard "dame," and as such is kept busy socially. Pre- 
paratory to a European travel next year Miss Stickney is taking a course 
in conversational French this year. 

Mrs. J. K. Mitchell and Mrs. Bertha Davis Taggart, two of our pat- 
ronesses are spending the winter in Europe- 

All Alpha Xi Delta girls are cordially invited to attend the Love Feast, 
and reunion of Alpha Chapter, during Commencement week at Lombard. 



BETA. 

Beta announces Nettie Johnson as a new sister in Alpha Xi Delta. She 
was initiated March 19th. 

Peryl Mathews, of Winifield visited the chapter a few days recently. 

Nell Downer- Wineer, 'ex '05, returns from the Canal Zone soon and will 
visit Wesleyan friends during Commencement. 

Beta is pleased to announce a new patroness, Miss Martha McClure a 
P. E. O., of chapter A. 

Elizabeth Laner of Winfield and Effie Peden of Floris spent a few days 
with us before vacation. 

Mabel Duncan accompanied a Concert Company as reader on a short 
tour in February. 

Louise Singer-Mailson, '03, of Shokane, Wash., is in Mt. Pleasant for 
a visit with her parents. 



210 ALPHA XI DELTA 

DELTA, 

Miss Nan Roberts spent a few days at Bethany recently. 

Miss Annie Smith was the guest of Miss Eunice Orison of Morristown. 
Ohio, last week. 

Miss Elizabeth Gatts spent a few days at her home last week. 

Miss Effie Griffith was a recent home visitor. 

Miss Emily Roberts of Pittsburg spent a Sunday in Bethany not long 
ago. 

The Misses Fern and Hazel Hanna spent their spring vacation at their 
home in Millersburg, Ohio. 

Miss Hazel Mercer, Miss Juanita Greer, and Miss Edith Mercer spent 
last week in their home at Rudolph, Ohio. 

Miss Florence Linville was a recent home visitor. 

Miss Mary Gray spent a part of her vacation at her home in Pittsburg. 

Miss Garda Bachell will give to the Delta chapter of A. X. D. on April 
seventeenth a dinner party at which Founders' Day will be appropriately 
celebrated. 



EPSILON. 

Nina Wallace Jasmann ex '10 and Alice Bernne, '06 Were here for our 
dance March 13th. 

Mrs. O. E. Sweet (Lorena Grange) and son James of Rapid City, So. 
Dak., spent March and April visiting in Vermilion. 
Olga Averkieff, '05 is practicing medicine in Russia. 

Hellen Frazee will attend the University of Washington next year. 

Helen Miller recently spent a few days with her sister Margaret at 
Tyndal, So. Dakota. 

Mabel Greene, ex-* 10, is teaching near Unadilla, N. Y. 

Marjorie Breeden, Law '07 is practicing near Undailla, N. Y. 

Alice Brcnne and Clara Salmer will visit the A. Y. P. Exposition this 
Slimmer. 



ZETA, 

Miss Mabel Winn, who is a Junior at Oxford spent Washington's Birth- 
day with Myrtle Wildasin- 

Myrtle Wildasin gave a Martha Washington tea in honor of Mable 
Winn. 

Helen Dornblasen was recently elected Y. W. C. A. president for next 
year. She also took a leading part in the play "The Sleeping Care" given 
by the Juniors on College Night. 

Horfense Miller spent a few days last week in Dayton. 

Gertrude and Helen Keller spent Sunday with their parents. 

Miss Fornshell is visiting her sister Margaret at Fern Cliff HalL 



PERSONALS 211 

BTA, 

Miss Helen Chase played at a public recital given at John Crouse Col- 
lege a short time ago. 

Miss Nettie Britton, '07 visited the chapter house this spring. 

We were very glad to have with us for a few days Miss Mable Erwin, 
of Alpha chapter, who is studying at St. Lawrence College this year and 
Miss Jeannette Steck of Zeta Chapter who is teaching near Utica. 

Miss Edith Lawrence who has been on the faculty here for two years, 
is teaching in the normal and public schools of Rochester, N. Y. 

Miss Florence Long, '12, was obliged to leave college the middle of the 
year on account of the illness of her mother. We hope Florence may be 
back next year. 



THBTA, 

Mary McRae, '06, spent a few days with us in February. 

Signe Raven, 'ex '10, who is attending a girls* school in Berne, Switzer- 
land, is spending her spring vacation, traveling in Italy. 

Theta announces the pledging of two Freshmen, Marie Vaas, of Madi- 
son and Marion Potts of Appleton, 

Wincfrid Ryan, '09, was at home for two weeks in February on ac- 
count of illness. 

Miss Edith Fawcctt spent her spring recess at the house with her cousin, 
Patsy Chave. 

Ruth Strong, '11, is out of the Varsity on account of illness. 

Nanna Hough, '09, spent her vacation with her sister, Mrs. Raven, at 
Merrill and Elizabeth Tucker, '11, visited with Florence McRae, '10, at 
Rhinelander. 

Mary Rayne, '09, is in the University again this semester. 

Polly Fenton, who has been away doing library work, is home again. 

Louise Erb, '08 and Elizabeth Erb, '07 Agnes Raven, *06, and Frances 
Albers, '09, will travel in the west this summer. 

Frances C. Alters^ 



IOTA. 

Mrs. C. E. Hogg recently visited Mrs. Rankin Wiley of Point Pleasant, 
W. Va. 

Among the Alphas who attended the inauguration of Governor W. E. 
Glasscock were Mrs. C. E. Hogg, Leola May Smith, and Mary H. Cooper. 

Mary Stewart Fravcl is a member of the committee on decorations for 
the "Junior Prom." one of the most important of the Junior committees. 

Ethel Crimm-Peterson has been elected Corresponding Secrcary of the 
Y. W. C. A. for the coming year. 

Mrs. T. C. Atkeson, who has been shut in with a sprained and frac- 
tured ankle for the past three months, is still unable to walk. 



212 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Miss Wiggins of Tewksbury, Mass., is visiting her sister Mrs. W. J. 
Leonard. 

Crystal Courtney told two Uncle Remus tales at the annual open meet- 
ing of the Beowulf Gcdricht on Feb. 20. 

Mabelle and Blanche Watkins of Grafton, W. Va., and Elizabeth Sadler 
of Point Marion, Pa., were out of town visitors for the initiation. 

Crystal Courtney and Mabel Weaver recently visited Mr. and Mrs. C L. 
Stooksbcrry at Fairmont, W, Va. 

Ethel Averil Green, who has been out of school for some time an ac- 
count of illness, has re-entered the University for the spring term. 

Ethel Crimm- Peterson won the second prize in the short story contest 
for the year's "Monticola." 

Mary Meek Atkeson has been elected President of the Pan-Hellenic As- 
sociation for the coming year. 



KAPPA. 

Mattic Fargo, *06, of Cedar Falls and Eva Rule, ex *10, spent several 
days with Kappa during March. 

Vida Gentsch, '08, is spending the winter in Florida with her parents. 

Elizabeth Abbott is in Florida for her health. 

Agnes Shannon, '08, is teaching at Hinckley, Minn. 

Irie Wood will resume her position in Minnesota next Week. 

Lura Case, ex '11, Louise Retz, ex TO, and Louise Dewitt, '06, visited 
Kappa during February. 

Gertrude Edbrook and Edena Hunt will be with us next month. 

Jeanncttc Johnson and Gertrude Fisher of Bloomington; Misses Grentz- 
macher and Doland of Chicago; Helen Beltzhoover of Dwight and Sue 
Mowry of Geneso were guests of Kappa for the dance and reception. 

Mrs. Blake visited her daughter Katherine in March. 

Mrs. Melrose visited her daughter Mary last month. 

Mrs. Garner, one of our patronesses, is visiting in Mississippi. 

Only seven girls will remain in the house during Easter vacation. 

Elibabeth Patrick, ex '08 will be with us during intersocial week. 

Mrs. Mangold will spend next month with her parents at Homer, IlL 



LAMBDA. 

Dora Johnson, ex *08 is teaching in Starkey Seminary, Lakemont, N. Y. 

Anadinc Hoyt-Fernald, '02 has been visiting in Maine. 

Helen Burkett-Richardson, ex *00, recently entertained at her home in 
Somerville, Dr. Rachel Bcnn, a missionary from northern China. 

Florence Garton-Needham, '05, is visiting her father, Rev. J. Vanor 
Garten, in Somerville, for the first time since her marriage. Her little son 
is with her. She is here to attend the marriage of her sister. 

We rcprret to announce the death of Olive Ryan's mother. We all ex- 
tend to Olive our most sincere sympathy. 



PERSONALS 213 

MU. 

Valdora McLeod, ex '10, graduates this June from Miss Wood's kinder- 
garten school, Minneapolis. 

Martha Olsen has taken up elocution at the Ellenn Miller school of 
Oratory and Dramatic Art in St. Paul. 

Laura Benz entertained at a delightful afternoon party just after the 
Holidays. Mu chapter was also most delightfully entertained by two of 
her patronesses, Mrs. Downey and Mrs. Robinson at the home of the latter 
on January 23. 

Mary Shiely, *08, is teaching in St. Paul 

Florence Jones, '08, who is teaching in Zumbrota came up for the Jun- 
ior Ball. 

Dolly Hendrickson, Fanny Gordinier, '08, principal of Caledonia High 
School, and Mrs. Hitching, (Mina Schaetzel) have also been recent visi- 
tors. 

^ Elsie Lathrop entertained the chapter and a few friends on February 
20th, assisted by Genevieve Hartgering. 



NU, 

Hazel Giesseman spent a week with us in February, being present at 
our initiation and Reception. 

May Chambers, '08, who is teaching in the Port Angeles High Sshool, 
was recently in Seattle for a short visit. 

Marfon Wrigley, who spent the winter in California with her sirter 
Mrs. Swift has returned to Seattle. 

Lillian Esary of LaConner visited Nu at the time of Initiation. 

Rosalia McNamara Lynch, who spent several weeks with Lillian Esary 
in LaConner, has returned to her home in North Yakema, much improved 
in health. 



XI 

Mrs. Florence OflFut Stout, Dean of Women, rcsently spent two weeks 
at Patterson Hall. The girls enjoyed her visit very much. The Alphas 
gave an informal spread in her honor. 

Pearl Claybrooke of Springfield, Ky. will visit her sister Mrs. G. D. 
Turner and the Alpha Xi Delta girls during the month of April. 

Lillian Ferguson attended the inter-collegiate track meet which was 
held in Louisville, March 12. 

Miss Helen Dickey had as her guest during the first week of March her 
sister Isabel Dickey of Covington. 

Our girls are very much distressed over the illness of Mrs. G. Emery 
Allen, one of a few patroness. 

Miss Elizabeth Wallis and Lida Jones will go to Louisville, the first 
week in May to attend the Southern Baptist Convention. 

Annie Siniral spent several days at her home in Mt. Sterling last week. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



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Catalogue. 

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Manufacturer of 

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316 South Clinton Street. Phone 189. 

THE PLACE TO WAIT FOR THE UNIVE^RSITY CAR 

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THE SYRACUSE TRUST COMPANY, 

University Building. 

3}4% INTEREST ON DEPOSITS. 

Your Account is Solicted. 



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Will promptly supply your needs in 

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Choice Groceries, Provisions, Meats, Fish, Fruits, 

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COMMENCEMENT 

INVITATIONS, 

CLASS DAY 

PROGRAMS 

AND 

CLASS PINS 




Dance Prog rams ind 
iDvitations Menus 
Leather Dance Cases 
and Covers 
Fraternity and 
Class Inserts for 
Annuals 

Fraternity and Class 
Stationery 



OFFICIAL ENGRAVERS BY APPOINTMENT TO ALPHA XI DELTA 
WciJdin^ Invitations and Calling Cards 

WORKS— 17th Street and Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 



ALPHA XI DELTA 
OfficialJEWELERS 



Our Illustrated list of offlcisl pins will De 
sent to any member for the asklDK. We also 
now have in print, which will he ready for de- 
IWery In two or three weeks, llluatratlona of 
PobB. Brooches. Hat Pins, Stick Pins, and a 
Rne assortment of Sterling Silver Spoons and 
Forks with raised monogram, which will make 
handsome Christmas or wedding gifts. 



Wilbur- Lanphear Co. 

GALESBURG, ILLS. 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



AUGUST 1909 

VOL. VI. NO. 4 



PUBLISHED BY 

THE SORORITY, 

ALLIANCE. OHIO 



Lombard College, Galesburg, III., April 17, 1893. 



Wichita, Kans. 



Hattie McCullum-Gossow (Mrs. C. W. E. ) 
♦Frances Cheney ------ 

Almira Cheney - - - - - - 

Lucy W. Gilmer ----- 

EuzA Curtis Everton (Mrs. J. L.) 

Bertha C^k-Evans (Mrs. Orrin C.) - - - 

Maud Foster - - 7(X) E. Fourteenth St., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Louie Strong Taylor (Mrs. E. A.) - - Park City, Utah. 

Cora Bolunger-Block (Mrs. Louis) 1416 Rock Island St., Davenport, Ta. 

Alice Bartlett-Bruner (Mrs. Murray T.) 203 Fifth St., Aurora, IIL 

♦Deceased. 



Saybrook, 111. 

Quincy, IIL 

LeRoy, IIL 

Monmouth, IIL 



(Hl^wfsiitB af Al)ilf a Xt Srlta 



Alpha — Lombard College 

Beta — Iowa Wesleyan University 

Gamma — Mt. Union College 

Delta — Bethany College 

Epsilon — University of South Dakota 

Zeta — Wittenberg College 

Eta — Syracuse University 

Theta — University of Wisconsin 

lota — University of West Virginia 

Kappa — University of Illinois 

Lambda— Tuits College 

Mu — University of Minnesota 

Nu — University of Washington 

Xi — Kentucky State University 

OmtVrow— University of California, 

Alliance Alumnae 

Mt. Pleasant Alumnae 

Boston Alumnae . . . 



Galesburg, 111 

Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Alliance, O. 

- Bethany, W. Va. 

Vermillion, S. Dak. 

Springfield, O. 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

Madison, Wis. 

Morgantown, W. Va. 

Champaign, IIL 

Boston, Mass. 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

Seattle, Wash. 

Lexington, Ky. 

Berkeley Calif. 

Alliance, O. 

Mt Pleasant, la. 

Boiton, Matt. 



^\\t Sr^vnxtxi Strrrtorg 



President-— Ejxa Boston Leib, (Mrs. J. R-) Alpha, - - . 

1271 W. Washington, Street, Springfield, IlL 
Vice President— 'BtrtUA G. Cleveland, Eta, - Waterloo, N. Y. 

Secretary — Mary Emily Kay, Gamma, 75 South Union Ave., Alliance, O. 
Treasurer — Ellen Ball> Beta, - - - Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Historian — Clara Salmer, Epsilon, - - - Vermillion, S. Dak. 
Editor— Mastha Hutchings-McKean, (Mrs. S. R.), 

2402 W. 4th St., WiUiamsport, Pa. 

ditorua »tBtt 

Editor-in-Chief, 
Martha Hutchings-McKean (Mrs.S.R.), 2402 W. 4th St., WiUiamsport, Pa. 

Associate Editor, 
Gertrude Wright-Gilmour (Mrs. J. E.), 154 Elm St., Bradford, Pa. 

Business Manager 
Dora G. Lockwood, - - - Portville, Cattaraugus Co., N. Y. 

Assistant Business Manager 
Etta' S. Bates, - - - 715 South Union Ave., Alliance, O. 

(tll|a)itrr (BnmBfBtihftiiB 

Alpha — Mabel Hendel (jalcsburg, 111. 

Beta — Florence Coolidge, -Hershey Hall, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. 

Gamma — Olive Brack er - - 339 S. Union Ave., Alliance, O. 

Z>W/a— Jessie A. Smith, - - - - - Bethany, W. Va. 

Epsilon — ^JuLiA Sweet, - , - Vermilion, South Dakota 

veta — Gertrude L. Keller, - - FernclifF Hall, Springfield, Ohio. 

Eta — Helen Truair - - 414 Irving Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

TA^to— Frances Albers - - 401 Murray St., Madison, Wis. 

Iota— Mary Meek Atkeson, - -234 Prospect St., Morgantown, W. Va. 
Kappa— BYNt Gkwdman, 728 W. Hill St., Champaign, IlL 

Lambda— Elsie May Chandler, - Metcalf Hall, Tufts College, Mass. 
I/m— Georgia Belle Elwell' - 907 7th St., S. E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

i\^fi— Lela K. Parker, - - 2508 N. 42nd St., Seattle. Wash. 

Xir—hioA Jones, - - - 335 Madison Place, Lexington, Ky. 

Omicron — Edna Higgins, - - - - Loinpac, Calif. 

Alliance Alumnae — Mary Bracher - 339 Union Ave., Alliance, O. 

Mt, Pleasant Alumnae — Ellen Ball, - - Mt. Pleasant, la. 

Boston Alumnae — Laila Campbell Nye - - - - 

33 Electric Ave., W. Somerville, Mass. 

Custodian of Song Book — Mrs. Byron Garrett, 115 West Ellis St., 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

Secretary of the Seventh Inter-Sorority Conference— -lAiss L. PearlE GreEn, 

Kappa Alpha TheU, 15 East Ave., Ithaca, N. Y. 



Q^ablr of dUmtntta^ 



The Second Call 221 

Sorority Extension • 223 

Directory 228 

Preface 228 

Chapter Roll with Statistics of Membership 228 

Alumnae Chapters 229 

Membership Roll 229 

Alpha 229 

Beta 232 

Gamma 234 

Delta 237 

Epsilon 238 

Zeta , 239 

Eta 240 

Theta 242 

Iota 243 

Kappa 244 

Lambda 245 

Mu 247 

Nu , 248 

Xi L 249 

Omicron 249 

Alphabetical Index 251 

Chapter Letters 262 

Engagements 275 

Marriages 275 

Births 275 

Advertisements 277-278-279 



OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE ALPHA XI DELTA SORORITY 
VOL. VI. AUGUST. NO. 4. 

Alpha Xi Delta is published in Noyemher, February* May and An^ast, by the 
Alpha Xi Delta Sorority. Office of Publication 716 8. Union Ave., Allianoe, Ohio. 

Second ciaaa rates secured. 

SabacriptlBm PiIcb: f 1. 00 pBr yBan pai^abie Im mdvmmcB, 

Elft Btmvih (Sail 



jM SPECIAL announcement concerning our national con- 
!■ vention re-enforced by an editoral appeared in the May 
•^ ■ journal when the chapters were urged, nay fairly im- 
plored to send in the topics they wished discussed. About four 
responded. Thus encouraged, I am going to repeat the request 
and hope that the others will redeem their seeming indifference 
by taking up this matter the first week after their respective col- 
leges open this fall. 

The constitution with the amendments made since its 
adoption in 1902, will be revised and reprinted immediately af- 
ter convention. Such changes as are to be made must be made 
then and we shall need every good idea and suggestion that is 
to be found anywhere among our eight hundred girls. There 
are to be discussions on subjects that concern us all, such as 
local Pan-hellenic agreements, new chapters and sorority house 
management. We can make this convention count in a business 
way, as has none of the others and for our sorority's sake, do 
let's do it. 

The active chapters all intend to be represented by at least 
one member, I believe, and in several cases by four or five. This 
augurs well for the success of the convention, but we are especi- 
ally anxious to have our alumnae attend this time. Any one 
who has ever attended one of our conventions will testify to the 
fact that the effort of getting ready for the trip was repaid a 



222 ALPHA XI DELTA 

hundred fold by the enthusiasm and the sorority spirit with 
which she was greeted. 

Let us who are to meet at Syracuse in October go there pre- 
pared to work together seriously and thoughtfully for the good 
of our beloved sorority. We urge the chapters to talk over the 
subject of new officers and to be prepared with suggestions. 
Ability and plenty of time and energy to devote to the work 
with an extra supply of good judgment are the important re- 
quirements. Remember that the policy and most of the respons- 
ibility for our sorority's success during the next two years will 
be in the hands of the Grand Committee that YOU elect this fall 

Don't forget the time; October 28, 29, 30. Address Miss 
Helen Truair, 414 Irving Ave., Syracuse, N. Y., for information 
concerning accommodations.. 

MARY EMILY KAY, 

Grand Secretary. 



Bntntrt^ lExt^itBimu 



THE recent discussion of this important subject in the 
sorority examination brought out some excellent ideas 
and showed that many of our girls are thoughtfully con- 
sidering one of Alpha Xi Delta's most serious problems. It was 
inevitable, however, that many of these opinions should be mold- 
ed largely by purely local conditions for very few active mem- 
bers have had any opportunity of knowing the conditions of any 
college save their own and possibly those of one or two nearby 
institutions. 

I find my own opinion being constantly revised and made 
over as I visit the colleges where we are either already estab- 
lished or where we are thinking of placing chapters. One thing 
that I have come to realize very clearly is that a chapter which 
may be very strong on its native hearth would hardly survive a 
week in some other college where the conditions are entirely dif- 
ferent, and yet this chapter, by reason of its local strength 
might be a most desirable addition to our chapter roll. A thing 
like this is sometimes hard for the active chapter to understand. 

Expansion up to this time has been almost imperative. 
Without representation in some of the best institutions our name 
was doomed to remain in obscurity and for that reason as well 
as for the quality of girls which our new chapters have brought 
us, I am satisfied that we have not grown too rapidly. How- 
ever, our standing is now assured and we are reckoned with "the 
twelve leading sororities." Our name is fairly well known and 
I believe that we have the respect of the other Greek letter so- 
cieties. We undoubtedly need the infusion of new material in 
the shape of further additional chapters, but it goes without say- 
ing that we cannot be too careful in granting charters. 

In my opinion unless a local has already won a strong pos- 
ition and has some alumnae backing, it should not be allowed 
to make formal application sooner than a year, perhaps two or 
three, after it has made its desire to do so known to the Grand 



224 ALPHA XI DELTA 

Committee. No matter how desirable the personnel of the mem- 
bers, a new chapter is doomed to two or three discouraging, 
struggling years unless, as a local, it learned the invaluable les- 
son of "team work." It is a positive injustice to charter a local 
that has not passed through at least one successful rushing sea- 
son and expect it to "make good" in competition with its older, 
better established rivals. This is a lesson that could only come 
through experience but hereafter it should be the first point to 
be considered as petitions are presented. 

Any one who has visited many colleges will admit that it 
is a great mistake to assume that all of the best chapters are in 
the large colleges and most of the poorer ones in the small in- 
stitutions. Personally, I am opposed to entering a college where 
there is any doubt as to a sufficiency of good material not only 
for our own chapter but for a strong rival or two, for rivalry if 
conducted on an honest and good natured basis is sometimes the 
best spur to chapter ambition. But there are excellent colleges 
with an enrollment of from six to eight or nine hundred students 
where a strong faculty and a few handsome, well equipped build- 
ings attract a good quality of young men and women. The 
smaller western state universities offer a splendid field of this 
kind and as these institutions are absolutely sure to keep pace 
with the rapid development of their respective states we would 
do very well indeed to "get in on the ground floor." Kappa, 
Kappa Gamma entered the University of Wisconsin between 
twenty and thirty years ago when there was an enrollment of 
about three hundred students. The position of this sorority is 

now practically impregnable at Wisconsin, Kappa recently en- 
tered Montana State University where there are one hundred 
and eight-five students — would some of our chapters have con- 
sidered such a petition? Yet history will repeat itself and 
Kappa has made another wise move. 

In such colleges we can, after proper investigation, place an 
occasional chapter and see results much sooner than in some of 
the very large institutions where the life is filled with a thous- 
and distractions and varying interests and where the fraternity 



SORORITY EXTENSION 22S 

homes and the social activities are conducted on a very elaborate 
scale. 

While caution is to be observed in placing new chapters, I 
doubt if we add so much to our prestige as some of us imagine 
by keeping petitioners in suspense after we are satisfied that 
they meet our requirements. Do not let us fatuously assert 
that we shall not enter an institution until we can occupy a 
position as strong as any sorority there. This is seldom pos- 
sible. I repeat what I have already said, that a local should win 
a position for itself before it can expect a chapter, but it is idle 
for us to demand the unreasonable. The oldest sororities in the 
large universities have in every case been years in attaining 
their present position, so that hard work and costly experience 
would indeed be things of little worth if any new-comer could 
with trifling effort obtain the same prestige. Do not misunder- 
stand this however. The girls in a new chapter might be as 
bright and attractive as any to be found but as a group they 
would probably have to work before being so well and favorably 
known as their oldest rivals. Our requirements should be high 
but not impossible. 

One favorite reason for declining to vote either for local 
members or for petitioning bodies is that "they aren't our style," 
or "they don't look like Alpha Xi Deltas." These arguments, 
usually a cover either for personal prejudice or for ignorance of 
the true conditions, I do not attempt to answer other than by 
asking what "our style" is and what an Alpha Xi Delta is sup- 
posed to look like. I have seen girls of various types, complex- 
ions and spring hats who made equally good sorority g^rls and> 
it must be confessed there are some very contradictory concep- 
tions as to our particular style. 

Another thing it is well for us to remember: there is not, 
and never has been, either a fraternity, or a person so fortunate 
as to escape unfriendly criticism. No matter how circumspect 
in conduct, how brilliant in intellect or how attractive in ap- 
pearance, a flaw will be discovered and reported by some one. 
It would be very foolish to be governed in our voting on a pros- 
pective chapter by the report that some outsider, upon whose 



\ 



226 ALPHA XI DELTA 

opinion we have no reason to stake our faith "didn't" think much 
of the local." Let us send competent inspectors who can be 
depended upon to recommend a good all-around type of g^rl and 
who will not leave the college in question until she is satisfied 
that the petitioners have the general respect of their college 
world and are taking a creditable part in all the student activ- 
ities. She will consider them not only for what they are but for 
their possibilities of future development. Let us send inspectors 
upon whose reports we can depend and then let us stand by 
their recommendations. 

Don't think from the foregoing that I consider every girl I 
meet and every local that applies desirable and worthy of mem- 
bership. I only plead that our members vote more thoughtfully 
and have better reasons for their decision either for or against. 

The moth eaten fallacy that we should take no more chap- 
ters until those we already possess have reached perfection, is 
taken out now and then, dusted and exhibted. It would be fully 
as sensible for the parents of a large family to keep all of the 
children in the nursery regardless of age and ability until the 
eldest had become a U. S. senator or a Harriman. If weak chap- 
ters really become stronger by declining excellent openings in 
good schools doubtless we should all be dazzled by this argu- 
ment. While we were busily refusing new chapters, what form 
of activity would the exponents of this view have us take by 
way of strengthening our weaker chapters? So far I have yet 
to hear a suggestion of any kind as to this side of the question. 

The editor has been good enough to allow me this oppor- 
tunity of singing my "swan song" in her catalogue number, a 
favor of which I am very appreciative as the fact that it is not 
to be exchanged enables me to speak more frankly than would 
be possible otherwise. The sorority has really made a remark- 
able record in its seven years of national life, but after all it is 
only a beginning and there is plenty of hard work ahead. If the 
chapters could only be brought to realize how much their own suc- 
cess, or lack of it, affects the general sorority not only would they 
work harder, but the national spirit would become a more potent 
force throughout the sorority and our progress would be cor- 



SORORITY EXTENSION 227 

respondingly more rapid. Too many of us belong to our chapter 
instead of to our sorority. We all need education along this line 
and we need a broadening of vision that will enable us to make 
surer, safer judgments and that will mercifully preserve us from 
standing in our own light. 

MARY EMILY KAY, Gamma, '04. 



Sir^ctorg of Mpl^u Xi firlta. 



PREFACE. 



HE members of the editorial staff after conferring with 

the Grand Committee, decided to publish the August num- 
ber for our own members only, making it largely a direc- 
tory number. 

The names are given as nearly as possible in order of in- 
itiation, according to chapter historian's records, but in the case 

of Gamma this was impossible as the chapter records are incom- 
plete. The degrees and years of obtaining them are indicated, 

but in numerous instances, courses have been completed which 

have no degree, so that the actual number of graduates is larger 

than indicated by the degrees, — though not shown. 

* Charter members. 

! Deceased. 

II Expulsion. 

? Present address unknown or doubtful. 



aUUBfttr Soil ttrttti ^taOiRtB of jn^ttthrr0t|i(i. 

ACTIVE CHAPTERS. 

1893. Alpha— Lombard College, Galesburg, 111 87 

1902 Beta — Iowa Wesleyan University, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 61 

1902. Gamma— Mt. Union College, Alliance, Ohio 86 

1903. Delta— Bethany College, Bethany, W. Va 48 

1903. Epsilon- University of South Dakota, Vermillion, S. Dak... 45 

1904. Zeta- Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio 34 

1904. Eta — Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y 62 

1905. Theta — University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis 64 

1905. lota— University of West Virginia, Morgantown, W. Va 22 

1905. Kappa— University of Illinois, Champaign, HI 48 

1907. Lambda — Tufts College, Boston, Mass 62 

1907. Mu— University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn 38 

1907. Nu— University of Washington, Seattle, Wash 36 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL 229 

1908. Xi— Kentucky State University, Lexingtcm, Kentucky 16 

19#9. Omicrsn — University of California,Berkeley, Calif 22 

Total number of members, July 1, 1909 715 

Number of deceased members 6 

Total living membership 709 

ALUMNAE CHAPTERS. 

1904. Alliance Alumnae Alliance, Ohio 

1905. *Mt. Pleasant Alumnae Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 

1907. Boston Akinvnae Boston, Mass. 

• Inactive. 



ilbttthrrBl|itt fiolL 

ALPHA CHAPTER. 
Established ApHi 17, 1893. 
Lombard College. Galesburg, Illinois. 

1. *Bollinger, Cora %l. 

Block, Mrs. Louis 1416 Rock Island St., Davenport, Iowa. 

2. *Curti8, Eliza M., B. D. 1894. 

Everton, Mrs. J. L. LeRoy, 111. 

8. *Cheney, Aimira Lowrey, A. B. 1896. Saybrook, 111. 

4. *Cook, Bertha, A. B. 1896 

Evans, Mrs. O. C. 723 W. Washington St., Monmouth, HI. 

5. *McCollum, Harriet. 

<3o0sow, Mrs. C. W. E. Santiago, Calif. 

6. *Fo8ter, Julia Maude Madison, Minn. 

7. *GHmer Lucy, Qulncy, 111. 

8. ^Bartlett, Alice Helen, A. B. 1898. 

Bruner, Mrs. Murray S. 203 Fifth St., Aurora. IlL 

9. 1 •Cheney, Francis Elizabeth, B. D. 1902. 

10. *Strong, Lewie A. 

Taylor, Mrs. E. A. Park City, Utah 

11. Bishop, Belle 

Wallace, Mrs. ? 

12. Berry, Susie 

Daudo. Mrs. Spirit LAke, Iowa (?) 

13. Stickney, Carrie Alice, A. B. 1897. 12 Chauncy St., Cambridge Mass. 

14. Boston, Ella Berry, A. B. 1899. 

Leib, Mrs. John Robert 1271 W. Washlngtcm, St., 

Springfield, 111. 



230 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



15. 

16. 
17. 

18. 

19. 
20. 

21. 
22. 

23. 

24. 

25. 

26. 

27. 

28. 

29. 
30. 

31. 

32. 

33. 
34. 

35. 
36. 

37. 

36. 

39. 
40. 



Stanford, m. 
Walton, Ind. 

Fooseland, HL 



Garst, Emma Estella. 

Hlnshaw, Mrs. Ernest 
Galbreath, Ida, A. B. 1898. 
Smith, Effiie 

Noble, Mrs. 
McDonald, Edna Madison, B. D. 1898. 

Bouser, Mrs. Frederic W. Adams St, Macomb, IlL 

Ericson, Josephine. 1417 Grand Ave.^ Galesbnrg, UL 

Fleharty, Belle 

Clark, Mrs. J. A. 281 R. F. D., Craig Ave., Pasadena, Calif. 
Arnold, Mabel, Rio, lU. 

Coolc, Sarah 

Lorton, Mrs. J. B. 1717 Wabash St., Mattoon, IlL 

Pingrey, Grace Olive, A. B. 1901. 

Carpenter, Mrs. 
Lapham, Harriet 

Heerman, Mrs. 
Pingrey, Jessie 

Wolfe, Mrs. Chaming E. 
Kidder, Gertrude Grace, A. B. 1900. 

Kern, Mrs. 
Cutter, Flora May, A. B. 1897. 

Boger. Mrs. Arthur C. 



Coon Rapids, Iowa 

96 Fulton St., Tuscon, Arii. 

Coon Rapids, Iowa 

Olive St., Galesburg, Dl. 

Camp Point, 111. 



Bush, Florence 

Hiles, Mrs. 
Thorn, Mary Ester 
Epperson, Edna 

Brinkman, Mrs. Harry 
Hoskinson, Maude L. 

Smith, Mrs. Bert 
Schnur, Grace, A. B. 1901. 

Andrew, Mrs. John 
Lester, Ada Luetta 
Marriot, Jennie, A. B. 1901. 

Buchanan, Mrs. W. D. 
Linquist, Lillian 

Walker, Jessie 

Watson, Mrs. Earl 

Miles, Helen 

Smith, Mrs. A. 

Low, Janet 

Page, Mrs. Eile, 

Henny, Virginia. 

Miller, Edith Louise 



Newark, N. J. 
416 Park St., Elgin, IlL 

4929 Vincennes Ave., Chicago, 111. 

RnshviUe. IlL 

Longmont, Col. 
Superior, Neb. 

924 N. St., Tacoma, Wash. 
933 E. Main St, Galesburg, 111. 

Barry, IlL 

Galesburg, IlL 

Rockwell City, Iowa. 

MitcheUville, Iowa 

Monmouth, IlL 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL 231 

41. Collins, tletsle 

Moore, Mrs. R. F. D. Janesville, Wis. 

42. Day, Nellie Jessie Augusta, Wis. 

43. Kellog, Helen Clinton, 111. 

44. Bruner, Maude Ella. Monmouth, 111. 

45. Brickey, Ida Edith Fooseland, III 

46. Andrew, Maud, A. B. 1903. New Salem, 111. 

47. Rains, Rosa Hutsonville, 111. 

49. Coleman, Annie Brown, Care of Osbom Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

50. DeVoll, Inez May 125 N. Franklin St., Madison, Wis. 

51. Matson, Clara Christine 

Zuell, Mrs. L. Lake Geneva, Wis. 

52. Mills, Mabel Ossian, Iowa 

53. Gillis, Anna Moore, A. B. 1903 

Kimble, Mrs. T. C. Abingdon, 111. (?) 

54. Wrigiey, Marion 1132 8th Ave. West, Seattle, Wash. 

55. Cox, Laura Gaddice, Augusta, Wis. 

56. Oldfield, Maud Olivia, Mitchellville, Iowa 

57. Kober, Florence Leclere, A. B. 1904 Calhoun St., Macomb, 111. 

58. Harsh, Alta E. Baxter, Iowa 

59. McAchran, Ruth 

Burchard, Mrs. E. D. 119 Court St., Ottumwa, Iowa 

60. Gunder, Edith Eileen Arcanium, Ohio 

61. Sammons, Mabel Alta, A. B. 1904. 103 Mound St., Joliet, 111. 

62. Oleen, Evelyn 3202 Beacon St., Chicago, III. 

63. Elting, Grace Helen. ? 

64. Pittman, Eskridge 

Logan, Mrs. Sam, Prescott, Ark. 

65. Garver, Ora Rockford, 111. 

66. Hollister, Florence, A. B. 1907. 

Colby, Mrs. Earl Marshall, Minn. 

67. Cook, Grace Jane, A. B. 1908. 937 Corelia, St., Newberry, S. C. 

68. IWise, Lorena. 

69. Stryker, Bell, A. B. 1907. 402 Union St., Joliet, 111. 

70. RIchey, Frances, A. B. 1907. Galesburg, 111. 

71. Sykes, Kathryn Anna, East Main St., Galesburg, 111. 

72. White, Bertha Barry, 111. 

73. Williamsons, Bessie B., A. B. 1909. 450 N. Kellog, Galesburg, 111. 

74. Brower, Mary Fullerton, Neb. 

75. Rich, Gertrude 

Simmons, Mrs. Charles Stockton, 111. 

76. Irwin, Mabel Jane Box 761, Canton, N. T. 



77. II 

78. Hendel, Mabel Irene Charles St., Colchester, III. 

79. Thompson, Alleen Lucile Colchester, 111. 



232 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



80. Imes, Florence 

81. Pfttman, berta 

82. Bailey, Leila Pearle 

83. Provoott, Nellie Alice 

84. Hughes, Minna Elizabeth 

85. Cole, Amy Luella, 

86. Partridge, Gladys Lonore, 

87. Stebbint, Hortense 



402 W. Calhoun St, Macomb, m. 

Prescott, Ark. 

Stoughton, Wla. 

Pecatonica, 111. 

Table Orore, HI. 

WUllamsfield, IlL 

PecatOBica, IIL 

Stousfaton, Wis. 



BETA CHAPTER. 
Established June 9, 1902. 



Iowa Wesleyan University, 

1. •Parker, Ella M., A. B. 1902. 

2. •Power, Mary A., Mus. B. 1902. 

3. •Ball, Ellen 

4. *Currler, Florence,, Mus. B. 1902. 

Stephens, Mrs. G. Ware 

5. •Arnold, Francis Hart, Mus. B. 1903 

6. •Eyestone, Eunice, Ph. B. 1904 

7. •Huston, Mary Belle, Mus. B. 1902 

Piper, Mrs. Mead, 

8. •Lute, Axle E., A. B. 1903. 

Mitchell, Mrs. Will 

9. •Jackson, Katherine, A. B. 1901. 

Randall, Mrs. Jason 

10. •Singer, Louise, B. S. 1903. 

Maiken, Mrs. Frank 

11. •Payne, Pauline, B. S. 1903. 

Glendenning, Mrs. Jas. A. 

12. Drummond, Maud 

13. Duncan, Ina, Lit. B. 1907. 

14. Spy, Mabel, Ut. B. 1906 

15. Maiken, Maud, Ph. B. 1906 

16. Tribby, Nellie, Mus. B. 1905. 

Gillis, Mrs. Henry, 

17. Reeves, Maud, Mus B. 1904. 

18. Stiles, Abbey Dee, Mus. B. 1904. 

19. Carreil, Anna Laura, Mus. B. 1904. 

20. Randle, Lulu, Mus. B. 1903. 

21. Anderson, Mabel, A. B. 1905. 

Edwards, Mrs. Fred 

22. Downer, Nell 

Mineer, Mrs. Bruce. 



ML Pleasant, Iowa. 

Mediapolis, lows 

Coming, Iowa 

Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 

Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 

Atlantic, lows 

Mt Vernon, lows 

Des Moines, Iowa 

Meadville, Pa. 

Mt. Pleasant, lows 

Spokane, Wash. 



409 E. 14th St, Davenport, lows 

Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 

Seattle, Wash. 

Albia, Iowa 

Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 

• 

? 
Signomey, lows 
Centerville, Iowa 

Delta, Iowa 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL 



233 



23. 
24. 

25. 
26. 

27. 
28. 
29. 

30. 

31 

32 

33. 

34. 

35. 
36. 
37. 
38. 

39. 
40. 
41. 
42. 
43. 
44. 
45. 

46. 
47. 
48. 
49. 
50. 
51. 

52. 
53. 
54. 

55. 

56. 

57. 

58. 

59. 



Day, Mabel L., Mus. B. 1904. 
VanCise, Edith, Mus. B. 1904 

Willits, Mrs. Ledru 
Walker, Ada 
Clark, Laura, A. B. 1908 

Morgenson, Mrs. H. L. 
Coe, Helen, Lit. B. 1908. 
Stephens, Alberta 
Springer, Edith. 

McCullough, Mrs. J. B. 
Smith, Geneva, Mus. B. 1905 
Lauer, Mabel Dorothy, Mus. B. 1905. 
Barnett, Stella, A. B. 1907. 
HIghtshoe, Luella, A. B. 1907. 
Falkins, Ennnna 

Willits, Mrs. Robert 
Pinnell, Ada. 

Schrelner, Mazie, A. B. 1891. 
Babb, Alice, A. B. 1909. 



Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 

Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 
Chicago, 111. 

Albia, Iowa 

Muscatine, Iowa 

Walpello, Iowa 

Wapello, Iowa 

Wellman, Iowa 

Wlnfleld, Iowa 

Morning Sun, Iowa 

Sturgls, S. D. 

Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 

9 



Ames, Iowa 
255 W. Park Ave., Aurora, 111. 



Brady Mildred, Lit. B. 1908. 

Mershon, Mrs. Herbert C. 26 Buena Vista Terrace, Chicago, 111. 



Johnson, May, B. S. 1909. 
Duncan, Mabel L., Ph. B. 1909. 
Brady, Lucile, Ph. B. 1909. 
Brady, Louise, Ph. B. 1909. 
Cheney, Alice, A. B. 1909. 
Cheney, Amy, A. B. 1909. 
Eyestone, Carrie, Ph. B. 1901. 

Spencer, Mrs. Robert. 
Millspaugh, Ethel 
Brinton, Edith 
Mathews, Peryl 
Cannpbell, Clara 
Anderson, Ruth 
HInsey, Louise, A. B. 1901. 

Johnson, Mrs. Robert. 
Lauer, Elizabeth 
Peden, Effie 
Potts, Elva 

Carls, Ethel 

Heisernnan, Blanch. 

Cooildge, Florence. 

Randle, Bess 

Lauer, Etta 



Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 

Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 

Richland, Iowa 

Richland, Iowa 

Keasauqua, Iowa 

Keasauqua, Iowa 



Rome, Iowa 

Brighton, Iowa 

Wlnfleld, Iowa 

Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 

Pulaski, Iowa 

Ottumwa, Iowa 

Wlnfleld, Iowa 

Floris, Iowa 

Moravia, Iowa 

Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 

Albia, Iowa 

Ottumwa, Iowa 

Centerrille, Iowa 

Wlnfleld, Iowa 



234 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



60. Lauer, Myrtfe, Mus. B. 1907. 

61. Johnson, Nettie 



Monte Vistft, Col. 
Morning Sun, Iowa 



1. 

2. 

3. 
4. 

5. 
6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 

10. 

11. 
12. 

13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 

19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 

23. 

24. 

25. 
26. 



GAMMA CHAPTER. 
Established August 20, 1902. 
Mt. Union College 
Atl(ins, Laura 

Oesch, Mrs. Sumner, 
Bernhardt Georgia 

Mumaw, Mrs. Walker, 
Bracher, Mary C, Ph. B. 1905, 
FogJe, Fern, Mus. B. 1895, B. L. 1899. 

Holtz, Mrs. Wilber M. 
Hinshllwood, Helen, Mus B. 1903. 
Jones, Anna L., Ph. B. 1905. 

Yaggl, Mrs. Lawrence E. 9099 W. Chester Ave., Cleveland, O. 
Kay, Mary Ennily, Ph. B. 1904, A. B. 1908 U.ofW.75 S. Union Ave., 

Alliance, Ohio. 
Reeves, Mayme M., Mus. B. 1897. 

Zang, Mrs. Albert G. 
Stewart, Pearl, Mus. B. 1900. 

Forester, Mrs. Emmet, 
Scott, Mary E. 

McCoy, Mrs. Roy, 



Alliance, Ohio 

Sebrins, Ohio 

Canton, Ohio 
Alliance, Ohio 

Pittsburg, Pa. 
Alliance, Ohio 



S. Arch St, Alliance, Ohio 

Martin's Ferry, Ohio 

Yonkers, N. Y. 



Salnnon, Mary E. 



6414 Belvidere St. Cleveland, Ohio. 



Salmon, Etta May, Mus. B. 1900. 

Myers, Mrs. W. E. 
Taylor, Edith S. 
Thomas, Pearl A. 
Tucker, Mildred, A. B. 1905, 
Adair, Emma. 
Ailott, EfFie. 
Aronhalt, Delphla. 

Teeters, Mrs. W. J. 
Bates, Etta S. 



Cleveland, Ohio 
S. Union Ave. Alliance, Ohia 

Warren, Ohio. 

Alliance, Ohio 

Salineville, Ohio 

S. Union Ave., Alliance, Ohio 



W. Main St., Alliance, Ohio 
715 S. Union Ave., Alliance, Ohio 



Bracher, K. Olive, Ph. B. 1909. 
! Brown, Dora, Mus. B. 1899. 
Brush, Anna, A. B. 1895. 

Ake, Mrs. Harvey, 
Carrier, Myrtle. 

Mumaw, Mrs. W. C. 
Caskey, Leia, Mus. B. 1899. 

Leet, Mrs. Kline F. 
Campbell, Nellie 
Cope, Florence 



Alliance, Ohio 



808 Short St., Canton, Ohio 

Burton, Ohio 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Meadville, Pa. 

Smithfield, Ohio 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL 



235 



27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 

31. 

32. 
33. 

34. 

35. 
36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 
40. 
41. 
42. 

43. 
44. 
45. 

46. 

47. 
48. 
49. 
50. 

51. 
52. 



13. 



54. 
55. 
56. 
57. 
58. 
59. 

60. 



Copeiandy Nancy. 
Darrow, Grace, Ph. B. 1904. 
Davis, Ida. 
! Dewey, Mabel 

Bright, Mrs. Harry E. 
Dewey, Treva. 

Morton, Mrs. Ira A. 
Fenton, Elizabeth, 
Friedline, Nettie, A. B. 1904. 

Kniepper, Mrs. 
Galbreath, Bessie, Ph. B. 1906. 

Clark, Mrs. Wm. 
Grove, Maud, 
Garman, Jessie, 
Hartzell, Mabel, A. B. 1905, 
Hessin, Nita, 

Heckler, Mabel, Ph. B. 1909. 
Hawkins, Nellie, 
Hinshilwood, Alice, 
Holies, Effie M. 

Hillis, Mrs. Ross, 
Hoffman, Maynne, 
Hughes, Katherine Jane, 
Hillyer, Jessie, Mus. B. 1897. 

Donelson, Mrs. Richard, 
Jones, Elsie M. Ph. B. 1906. 

Stookesberry, Mrs. Karl L. 
Jahn, Nell D. 
Kampman, Eva. 
Keith, Kathryn E. 
Kiriin, Beulah G. 

Moore, Mrs. Homer, 
Mllboum, Mary Gay, 
McLaughlin, Abbie M. 

English, Mrs. John, 
Matthias, Lulu, 

Eldridge, Mrs. 
Matthias, Wilda, 
Miller, Helen L. 
Moore, Lillian 
Lang, Pearl M. 
Montgomery, Ethel, 
Motz, Pearl 

Miller, Mrs. Arthur, 
Needham, Hazel, 



Cadiz, Ohio 

Leadvllle, Col. 

Bridgeport, Ohio 



Canton, Ohio 
Conneaut, Ohio 

Somerset, Pa. 

S. Union Ave., Alliance. Ohio 

Urbana, Ohio 

Tyrone, Pa. 

840 N. Park Ave., Alliance, Ohio. 

Alliance, Ohio 

Alliance, Ohio 

Salem, Ohio 

Alliance, Ohio 

Fairmount Road, Alliance, Ohio 

Cincinnati, Ohio 
2598 117th St., Chicago, 111. 

Wilkinsburg, Pa. 

Fairmount, W. Va. 

Homestead, Pa. 

Wellsville, Ohio 

E. Milner St., Alliance, Ohio 

Pembina, N. Dak. 
S. Union Ave. Alliance, Ohio 

Barberton, Ohio 



Alliance, Ohio 
420 El Melino Ave., Pasadena, Calif. 

Martin's Ferry, Ohio 

Canton, Ohio 

Alliance, Ohio 

Alliance, Ohio 
Atwater, Ohio 



236 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



61. Newhouse, Grace, L., A. B. 1901 

Yaggl. Mrs. H. K. 

62. Porch, Daisy K., A. B. 1897, 

63. Porch, Fannie, A. B. 1897. 

64. Patton, Eioise 

McKnight. Mrs. W. E. 

65. Patton, Margaret, 

66. Powell, Ada, 

67. Roberts, Elsie A. Ph. B. 1905, 

68. Robbins, Edna, 

Shlltz, Mrs. W. D. 

69. Robbins, Ruby, 

70. Robinson, Blanche, 

Wilson, Mrs. P. 

71. Riker, Marie, 

72. Ruth, Genevieve. 

Bottomly, Mrs. Percy, 

73. Strong, Lucille, Ph. B. 1908, 

74. Strong, Vivian, 

75. Shedd, Louise. 

Roberts, Mrs. A. L. 

76. Senour, Bessie. 

77. Saltsnnan, Nellie, 
7<^. Snnith, Nellie, 

Cannon, Mrs. John, 

79. Taylor, Mary, 

Riker, Mrs. S. C. 

80. Taylor, Mable G., A. B. 1901, A. M. 1904. 

Campbell, Mrs. A. R. 

81. Wadsworth, Blanche M. 

Morris, Mas. A. W. 

82. WIttich, Catherine. 

Hill, Mrs. Glen. 

83. Whitia, Edith. 

Gow, Mrs. Fred C. 

84. Whitia, Blanche L. 

Shaw, Mrs. Frank, 

85. Williams, Flossa 

86. Yost, Augusta 



Salem, Ohio 

Johnstown, Pa. 

Kankakee, 111. 

Beaver, Pa. 
S. Union Ave., Alliance, Ohio 

Alliance, Ohio 
Damascus, Ohio 

Akron, Ohio 
Chagrin Falls. Ohio 

Akron, Ohio 
MoundsviUe. W. Va. 

S. Freedom Ave., Alliance, Ohio 
North Benton, Ohio 
North Benton, Ohio 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

Carrollton, Ohio 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Edinburg, Scotland 



West Jordan, Utah 

Alliance, Ohio 

Ashtabula, Ohio 

Alliance, Ohio 

Alliance. Ohio 

Burton, Ohio 

Hopedale, Ohio 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL 



237 



DELTA CHAPTER. 

Established June 6, 1903. 

Bethany College, Bethany, W. Virginia. 

1. ^Curtis, Margaret. 

Pierce, Mrs. W. E. Cameron. W. Va. 

2. *White, Julia E., A. B. 1903. ? 

3. ^Stewart, Virginia, B. L. 1903. 

Erskine, Mrs. W. H. Akita, Japan. 

4. *Kemp, Anna Mary, A. B. 1906, M. B. 1906, M. M. 1907. 

Mansfield, Ohio 

5. *Saylor, Pearl, A. B. 1905. 

Watson, Mrs. G. W. 

6. *Carson, Elizabeth, B. L. 1906, 

7. *8cott, Muriel, B. L. 1905, 

8. Roberts Emily, M. B. 1904 

9. Keith, Katharine. 

10. Pritts, Emily. 

Steed, Mrs. Hubert, 

11. Roberts, Nan 

12. Sprauge, Bertha, M. M. 1904. 

13. Orrison, Eunice, Ph. B. 1907. 

14. Tinsley, Helen, Ph. B. 1907. 

McMlllin, Mrs. 

15. Hoffman, Mayme, 

16. Blair, Ellen 

17. Marshall, Helen, Ph. B. 1909. 

18. Justice, Edith, B. M. 1906. 

19. Hudson, Mavis, 

20. O'Bannon, Roberta 

21. Kleeberger, Bertha, Ph. B. 1907 

22. Williams, Julia 

23. Osborne, Bess 

24. Madden, May, A. B. 1906. 

25. Bishoff, Effie, Ph. B. 1907. 

26. Smith, Anna, Ph. B. 1909. 

27. Smith, Jessie, Ph. B. 1909. 

28. Mercer, Mabel, A. B. 1909. 

29. Petty, Catherine, Ph. B. 1908. 

30. Gatts, Elizabeth, 

31. Gray, Mary, Ph. B. 1909. 

32. Cornett, Mary Gentry, 

33. Madden, Letha 

34. Houston, Dollye, 

35. Lewis, Mary 



Lima, Ohio 

R. F. D. 1, Speers, Pa. 

Charleroi, Pa. 

Carnegie, Pa. 

9 

Moundsville, W. Va. 
Carnegie, Pa. 

Morristown, Ohio. 

9700 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio 

Norwood, Ohio 

Alba, Pa. 

29 Warren St., Crafton, Pa. 

Cleveland, Ohio 

411 CascadiUa St., Ithaca, N. Y. 

Stanford, Ky. 

PainesviUe, Ohio 

Belmont, Ohio. 

Spokane, Wash. 

Hebron, Ohio 

Swissvale, Pa. 

Wilmington, Ohio 

Wilmington, Ohio 

Rudolph, Ohio 

Hagans, W. Va. 

Woodlandd, W. Va. 

Crafton, Pa. 

New Martinsville, W. Va. 

Hebron, Ohio 

Moundsville, W. Va. 

Bethany, W. Va. 



238 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 

40. 
41. 
42. 
43. 
44. 
46. 
46. 
47. 
48. 



1. 

2. 
3. 

4. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 

16. 
17. 
18. 

19. 
20. 



Mercer, Edith 

McCammon, Ruth 

Mercer, Ina 

Stevenson, Alice, M. B. 1909, M. M. 1909. 

Stewart, Mi id red, 
Mercer, Hazel 
Hanna, Fern 
Hanna, Hazel, 
Sinviile, Florence 
Greer, Juanlta, 
Bacheli, Garda, 
Griffith, Effie, B. S. 1909 
Mercer, Verna 



Rudolph, Ohio 
West Uberty, W. Va. 
Rudolph, Ohio 
37 Highland Ave., 

Colnmbns, Ohio 

Sweetwater, IlL 

Rudolph, Ohio 

Millersburg, Ohio 

Millersburg, Ohio 

ClaysTille, Pa. 

Sikestou Mo. 

Bethany, W. Va. 

ClaysYiUe, Pa. 

Rudolf^ Ohio 



EPSILON CHAPTER. 

Established June 10, 1903. 

University of South Dal(ota, Vermillion, South Dakota. 

* Richardson, Mabel K., A. B. 1902, B. L. S. 1906, University of 

Illinois. VermiUion, S. D. 

*Salmer, Clara, A. B. 1903. Vermillion, S. D. 

* Hanson, Josephine, A. B. 1903. 

Hedeen, Mrs. Joel. 1301 Douglas St., Sioux City, Iowa 

^Richardson, Ethel, A. B. 1904. 

Stillwell, Mrs. Elmer W. 2255We8t 28th St., Los Angeles, CaL 
^Grange, F. Lorena, A. B. 1904. 

Sweet, Mrs. Oliver B. Rapid City S. D. 

*Jones, Zola, A. B. 1905. Faulkton, S. D. 

II 



II 
II 



Brenne, Alice, A. B. 1906. 

Averl(iefr, Olga A., A. B. 1906 M. P. 1907, 

Hanson, Georgians, 

Ochsner, Genevieve. 

Griswold, Mrs. Fred. 
Tarbell, Liiia M., A. B. 1908. 
Breeden, Marjorie, LL. B. 1907. 
Gabel, Edna 

Lister, Mrs. Jesse A. 
Nichols, Mary A. 
Miller, Margaret B., A. B. 1908. 



Chamberlin, S. D. 

Saratov, Russia 

Vermillion, S. D. 

Kimball. S. D. 

Watertown, S. D. 

Pierre, S. D. 

Wamega, Kan. 
Vermillion, S. D. 
Vermillion, S. D. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL 



239 



21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 
32. 
33. 
34. 
36. 

36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 
40. 
41. 
42. 
43. 
44. 
45. 



1. 

2. 

3. 

4 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 

18. 



8vv««t, Jjuli« May. 

Camttrvr, Luclle, A. B. 1909. 

Qreenej Mabei F. 

Tarfoell, Helen, A. B. 1908. 

Hill, Helen Hunt. 

Miller, Helen Burrell, 

Fraaee, Helen M., Mus. B. 1909. 

Small, Bertha; 

Johnson, Esther A. 

8an|>om, Grace Helen, A. B. 1904, A. M. 

Sewall, 8arah B. 

Williams Marlon, 

Nichols, Lois, Mus. B. 1909. 

Eastman, Mabelle May, 

Wallace, Nina M. 

Jassmaiiii, Mrs. Robert. 
Sale, E. Pearl, 

Sanborn, Ethel, A. B. 1904, A. M. 1906. 
Ellis Llliian J. 
Sheldon, Margherita, 
Richardson, Bertha Kingsley, 
Slocum, Deborah 
Marquis, Francis E. 
Marquis, Violet 
Williams, Florence, 
Parmley, Belie, 



Vermillion, S. D. 

Vermillion, S. D. 

Unadilla, N. T. 

Watertown, S. D. 

Springfield, S. D. 

Vermillion, S. D. 

Seattle, Wash. 

Manchester, 111. 

Vermillion, S. D. 

1908., Clear Lake, S. D. 

BriUon, S. D. 

Clear Lake, S. D. 

Vermillion, S. D. 

LieMars, Iowa 

Scotland, S. D. 

White Lake, S. D. 

Ely, Minn. 

Elk Point, S. D. 

Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Vermillion, S. D. 

Alcester, S. D. 

Clear Lake, S. D. 

Clear Lake, S. D. 

Clear Lake, S. D. 

Sioux Falls, S. D. 



2ETA CHAPTER. 
Established. May 10, 1904. 



Wittenberg College, 

*Bracher, Mabel, A. B. 1906. 

*Winn, Mabel 

*Wildasin, Myrtle, A. B. 1905. 

*Hubbell, Mary, A. B. 1907. 

•^Miller, Anna, A. B. 1905. 

!*Smelz, Lillian 

!*Houck, Elizabeth. 

FIdier, May. 

Domblaser, Clara, 

Steck, Jeanette, A. B. 1905 

Smith, Marjorie, 

Bushy, Maude. 

Ruckman, Mrs. N. N. 

Swartout, Ella 



Springfield, Ohio. 

Bucynis, Ohio 

Defiance, Ohio 

Springfield, Ohio 

North Baltimore, Ohio 

Mansfield. Ohio 



Mansfield, Ohio 

Springfield, Ohio 

Care of Masonic Home, Utica, N. Y. 

Brookville, Ohio 

Mt. Gilead, Ohio 
Van Wert, Ohio. 



240 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



14. 


Schwarm, Ciara, 


15. 


Wright, Hazel 


16. 


Smith, Edith, 


17. 


Fidler, Edna, 


18. 


Dombiaser, Heien, 


19. 


Condit, Leta, 




Miller, Mrs. L. O. 


20. 


Seybold, Lillian 


21. 


Miller, Lois, 


22. 


^ Collier, Ruth, 


23. 


Wright, Willard, 


24. 


Fomsheli, Margaret, 


25. 


Sudhoff, Elizabeth 


26. 


Miller, Hortense, 


27. 


Garver, Eva, 


28. 


Keller, Gertrude, 


30. 


Greenawalt, Catherine, 


31. 


Schuhardt, Bertha 


32. 


Lowry, Martha, 


33. 


Geyer, Hortense, 


34. 


Woiiston, Eliza, 



1. 

2. 
3. 

4. 

5. 
6. 

'T 
I 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 

12. 
13. 
14. 



Wheeling, W. Va. 

Sprln^eld, Ohio 

Springfield, Ohio 

Mansfield, Ohio 

Bucyrus, Ohio 

Rantoul, 111. 

Springfield, Ohio 

LouisYille, Ky. 

Springfield, Ohio 

Springfield, Ohio 

Miamesburg, Ohio 

Richmond, Ind. 

Mansfield. Ohio 

Rockford, 111. 

Bellefountain, Ohio 

Springfield. Ohio 

Findlay, Ohio 

SnyderviUe, Ohio 

Springfield, Ohio 

Springfield, Ohio 



ETA CHAPTER. 

Established May 28, 1904. 

Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York. 

^Cleveland, Bertha G. A. B. 1905, Naples, N. T. 

'^Dowsiand, Leila S., A. B. 1905, 

Davis, Mrs. Walter, Chester, N. Y. 

"^Weiler, Laura Gardiner, Ph. B. 1905. Morris Heights Inn. 

Morrisville, Pa. 
•Tobin, Theresa Katherine, Ph. B. 1905, 117 College Place, 

Ssnracuse, N. Y. 
♦Tobin, Helen Hyde, 117 College Place, Syracuse, N. Y. 

•Fox, Grace Mae, A. B. 1906, Wolcott, N. Y. 

•Br^tton, Nettie May, Ph. B. 1907, Onondaga Hill K. Y. 

♦Loetzer, Elizabeth Margaret, Ph. B. 1906. 507 S. Elmer Ave., 

Sayre, Pa. 
♦Balcer, Dora Artemisia, Ph B. 1907. Gravity, Pa. 

*Locl(wood, Dora Genevieve, A. B. 1906, Olean, N. Y. 

•Hutchlngs, Martha, Ph. B. 1907. 

McKean, Mrs. S. R. Newberry, Pa. 

Baldwin, Lena Grandin, A. B. 1906. 670 Euclid Ave., Elmira, N. Y. 
Weller, Emma Louise, Dobbs Ferry, N. Y. 

McCormacIc, Ruth Helen, Windsor, Vt 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL 241 

15. Pressia, Nellie Elva, Albion, N. Y. 

16. Chadboume, Belle A., Ph. B. 1908. 1640 W. Genesee St., 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

17. Crammond, Lena Louise. 

Dunham, Mrs. J. H. Cincinnati, Ohio 

18. Elliott, Eva Mae, Ph. B. 1908. East Hampton, N. Y. 

19. Couch, Susie Willabell. 

Hastings, Mrs. Greorge, 108 N. Sidney Ave., Mt» Vernon, N. Y. 

20. Hoard, Marguerite Ann, Ph. B. 1908. 

Garrett, Mrs. Byron H. East Syracuse, N. Y. 

21. Wright, Gertrude Evelyn, Ph. B. 1906. 

Gilmour, Mrs. J. E. 154 Elm St., Bradford, Pa. 

22. Putnam, Ida Elaine, A. B. 1908. 202 E. Colvin St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

23. Warne, Edith M., Mayat Bagh, Lucknow, India. 

24. Algle, Hazel Elizabeth. 

Bailey, Mrs. Loren, 33 Franklin St., Ogdensburg, N. Y. 

25. Brush, Hazel Mae, B. L. 1909 Moira, N. Y. 

26. Myers, Laura Naonni. 

Davenport, Mrs. S. A. 50 Jeanette St., Plymouth, Pa. 

27. White, Sarah Frances, 34 Vernon St., Springfield, Mass. 

28. Myers, Miranda Steele, Ph. B. 1909. Falls City, Neb. 

29. Parker, Alice Belle, B. S. 1909, Illon, N. Y. 

30. Eysannan, Leila Marion, Ph. B. 1909. Heuvelton, N. Y. 

31. Chase, Helen Frances, Mus. B. 1909, 11 W. 106th St., New York, N.Y. 

32. Curtis, Mary Helen, Ph. B. 1909, Fabius, N. Y. 

33. Thompson, Katherine Yard, Ph. B. 1909, 1666 77th St. 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 

34. Grahann, Lucy, J., Ashley, Pa. 

35. Curtis, Florence M., Watertown, N. Y. 

36. Ensign, Corrinne Newnnan, Stanley, N. Y. 

37. Patterson, Ethel Lucille» > Fulton, N. Y. 

38. Trualr, Helen Louise, 414 Irving Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

39. Holt, Inez A., Norwood, N. Y. 

40. Lawrence, Mary Edith, Shortsvllle, N. Y. 

41. Thornton, Mary Lucille. 88 Piatt St., Homell, N. Y. 

42. Chamberlayne, Margaret, 

Alderman, Mrs. William H. 90 Lyceum St., Geneva, N. Y. 

43. Horton, Cecil M., 

Austin, Mrs. Clymer, 505 Bellevue Ave., Syracuse,N. Y. 

44. Tobin, Laura Lyon, 117 College PI., Syracuse, N. Y. 

45. Carlinlg Ethel, 167 W. Washington Ave., Washington, N. Y. 

46. Bothwell, Phebe Theodora, Troy, Pa. 

47. Rosa, Helen Laura, 180 Scott Ave., Wellsville, N. Y. 

48. Slayton, Hazel Lrene, Naples, N. Y. 

49. Dumm, Mabel Puella, Mackeyville, Pa. 



242 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



50. 
51. 
52. 
53. 
54. 
55. 
56. 
57. 
58. 
59. 
60. 
61. 
62. 



Green, Marion Lenore, 

Roth, Anna Elizabeth Ph. B. 19.09, 



Copenhacen, N. T. 
Dolgeyllle^ N. T. 



1 

2. 

3. 

4. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 

12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 
26. 



Tucker, Elizabeth Emma, 
Long, Florence Evangeline, 
Overton, Ellen M., 
Harrie, Katharine Louise, 
Baldwin, Ethel, 
Chadboume, Evangeline, 
Leonard, Louise Eliza, 
Leonard, Lisle Aline, 
Denton, Ruhama PearU 
Skeei, Florence Maye, 
Sleight, Esther Evelyn, 



747 S. Grouse, Ave., Syracuse, N. T. 

Flfiminston, Pit 

BeUeTUle, N. T. 

Gate, N. Y. 

670 Euclid Ave., Elmira, N. Y. 

1640 W. Genesee St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Troy, Pa. 

Troy, Pa. 

Silver Springs, N. Y. 

Fulton. N. Y. 

227 S. 3rd Ave., Mount Vernon. N. Y. 



THETA CHAPTER. 

Established January 16, 1905. 

University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. 

*Lorch, Augusta Christine, A. B. 1905. Madison, Wis. 

*Angell, Nellie Nadine, A. B. 1907. Sun Prairie, Wis. 

*Ailen, Iva Clair, A. B. 1905, 1004 14tli St., MUwankee, Wis. 

*Runge, Alma Matilda, A. B. 1906, 310 N. Murray St, Madison, Wia 
*Lyon, Ruth Erma, A. L. 1906. Care Y. W. C. A., Lansing, Mich. 
"^Cook, Nettie May, A. B. 1904, 528 Raymond St, Elgin, m. 

^Rhoades, Ellen May A. B. 1905, Fox Lake. Wis. 

*Runge, Lulu Lilian, A. B. 1905. 810 N. Murray St, Madison, Wis. 
*Underwook, Bessie C. ? 

"^McRae, Mary Ethel. Rhlnelander, Wis. 

* Mason, Ora Lottie, A. B. 1906 

Moles, Mrs. Edward S. 6904 Ohio St, Austin, Chicago, III 

*Davis, Bertha Ellenor, A. B. 1906. 1702 Madison St, Madison, Wis. 



•Olin, Mary E. 

*Cook, Eudora Idahlla, 1905 

^Adarns, Bessie E., A. B. 1906. 

Koch, Edna May, A. B. 1906, 

Ruth Una Gertrade. 

Whittemore, Ruth 

Mabbett, Jessie M. 



Belleville, Ohio 

528 Raymond St, Elgin, 111. 

214 W. Mifflin St, Madison, Wis. 

Fairdale. ni. 

m 

9 

Edgerton, Wis. 



Chave, Georgie Elizabeth, A. B. 1907. Tomahawk, Wis. 

Pettigrew, Bessie, A. B. 1906, 203 Prairie Ave., Sioux Falls, S. D. 
Strong, Marion Ruth, Lake Mills, Wis. 

Henderson, Leonora Louise, Ph. B. 1906. Cambridge, Wia 

Fenton, Ida, A. B. 1909 401 Murray St., Madison, Wis. 

Ekem, Ruth Nathalie, A. B. 1907, 310 Murray St, Madison, Wia 
Fenton, Polly, A. B. 1906, 401 Murray St, Madison, Wia 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL 243 

27. Fenton, Theo. 401 Murray St., Madison, Wis. 

28. Rayne, Mary Elizabeth, A. B. 1909, 663 B. €k>rham St., Madison, Wis. 

29. Ryan» WInefred M. E., Mus. B. 1909. 511 Grant St., Wausaw. Wis. 

30. Ryan, Marion Eva, A. B. 1906. 511 Grant St., Wausaw, Wiss. 

31. Ravn, Agnes, A. B. 1906, Merrill, Wis. 

32. Flower, Gretchen Leanore, River Falls« Wis. 

33. Simon, Florence Ann, A. B. 1908, 127 S. 11th St., LaCrosse, Wis. 

34. 01 in, Edna Jane, 227 E. Monroe St, Princeton, Wis. 

35. Hoegh, Nanna Marie, A. B. 1909, Spring Grove, Minn. 

36. Davis, Helen Emma, 1702 Madison St., Madison, Wis. 

37. Ravn, Signs, Merrill, Wis. 

38. Gardiner, Charlotte Georgia, A. B. 1909, 809 W. Dayton St. 

Madison. Wis. 

39. Erb, Louise Ernestine, A. B. 1908, Appleton, Wis. 

40. Albers, Frarfces Clark, A. B. 1909, 501 LaSalle Terrace, 

Wausaw, Wis. 

41. Erb, Elizabeth Adele 8., A. B. 1907, Appleton, Wis. 

42. McRae, Florence Edna, Rhinelander, Wis. 

43. Reardon, Una Lee, Rhinelander, Wis. 

44. Andrus, Calia Adelaide, 127 W. Gilman St, Madison, Wis. 

45. Tucker, Elizabeth, Kewanee, 111. 

46. Schuster, Edith Emma 401 Murray St, Madison, Wis. 

47. Potts, Jennie Elizabeth, Waupaca, Wis. 

48. Vail, Leora, Benton, Wis. 

49. Chave, Ella Bean, Tomahawk, Wis. 

50. Davis, Agnes Hopkins, 1702 Madison St,Madi8on, Wis. 
61. Blanchard, Pearl E. Colby, Wis. 

52. Kuhns, Clarissa, 117 E. Gorham St, Madison, Wis. 

53. Vaas, Marie, 151 N. Butler St., Madison, Wis. 

54. Potts, Marion, Appleton, Wis. 



IOTA CHAPTER. 
EsUbiished May 8, 1905. 
West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia. 

1. ^Courtney, Crystal, 723 N. Front St, Morgantown, W. Va. 

2. *Smith, Lillian Ballard, 205 Gordon St, Morgantown, W. Va. 

3. *Green, Ethel Averii, A. B. 1908. 246 Fife Ave., Morgantown, W. Va. 

4. "^Cooper, Mary Hannah, A. B. 1908. Crossville, Tenn. 

5. "^Sadler, Elizabeth J. Point Marion, Pa. 

6. *Smith, Bertha Jane, 311 S. Wells St., Sistersville, W. Va. 
7 ^Johnson, Drusilia V. P., A. M. 1902. 

Quick, Mrs. Errett Burgess, Dravosburg, Pa. 

8. Atkeson, Mary Meek, 234 Prospect St., Morgantown, W. Va. 

9. Weaver, Mabel Jane, A. B. 1908. N. Spruce St., Morgantown, W. Va. 



244 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



10. Smith, Helen Barrett. 

Smith, Mrs. Carl Harrison, 205 Gordon St., Morgantown, W. Va. 

Cadiz, Ohio 
Boothsville, W. Va, 



Poca, W. Va. 

234 Prospect St., Morgantown, W. Va. 

720 Maple Ave.. Grafton. W. Va. 

720 Maple Ave., Grafton, W. Va. 

Ronceverte W. Va. 

High St., Morgantown, W. Va. 

Morgantown^ W. Va. 

Prospect St., Morgantown, W. Va. 
23 Cobun Ave., Morgantown, W. Va. 



11. 


Johnson, Lydia Lucille, 


12. 


Coplin, Nancy, 


13. 


Menefee, Columbia. 




Bernhardt, Mrs. 


14. 


F ravel, Mary Stewart, 


15. 


Atkeson, Leda Cordelia, 


16. 


Watkins, Mabelle Ray, 


17. 


Watkins, Blanche E., 


18. 


Jackson, Cora Edna, 


19. 


Chad wick, Mary Frances, 


20. 


Smith, Leola May, 


21. 


Crimm, Ethel, 




Peterson, Mrs. Verd, 


22. 


Moon, Ada, 



1. 

2. 

3. 

4. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 



KAPPA CHAPTER. 
Founded December 15, 1905. 



University of Illinois, 

* Abbott, Elizabeth M., 
*Bell, Marion C, LL. B. 1905. 
*Blake, Katherine M., A. B. '09. 
•Branch, Nellie, A. B. '07. 
•Campbell, Winifred T., 
*DeWitt, Louise E., A. B. '06. 
•Fargo, Martha P., LI. S. '06. 
•Llewellyn, Clarine, A. B. 1906. 
•Retz, Rosalie M., A. B. '09. 
•Shannon, Agnes M. A. B. '08. 
•Woods, Iris L., 
•Yale, Louise P. 

Spencer, F. Grace M. A. '09. 

Barrett, Anita S., 

Coker, Myrtle R., A. B. 1909. 



Champaign, III. 

325 Market St., Hooperton, 111. 
919 C. Street, Lincoln, Neb. 

Watseka, 111. 

610 S. State St., Champaign, III 

E. Main St., Albion. 111. 

La Grange, ni 

Lake Mills, Wis. 

324 6th St., La Grange, 111. 

1625 East St., Ottawa, III 

73 Douglas Ave., Freeport, 111. 

N. Springfield Ave., Urbana, III. 

Chardon, Ohio 
1811 S. 3rd St., Terre Haute, Ind. 

Butler, m. 
208 Walnut St.. Harrlsburg. HI. 



Gentsch, Wilhennina, A. B. '07. 164 East Ave., New Philadelphia, 0. 



Rule, Carrie L., 
Ruskamp, Josephine A., 
Schwartz, Mary K., A. B. '07. 
Retz Louis J. 

Kays, Lucille E., A. B. '09. 
Nelson, Sadie, 
Patrick, Elizabeth L. 
Strawn, Evelyn, 



416 26th St., Cairo. Ill 

1013 Ohio Ave., Quincy, 111. 

801 S. Vine St., Urbana. III. 

1625 East St., OtUwa, 111. 

510 N. 6th St., Phoenix, Arizona 

Princeton, 111. 
229 E. Wesley St., Wheaton, 111. 

Albion, III 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL 



245 



25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 
32. 
33. 
34. 

35. 
36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 
40. 
41. 
42. 
43. 
44. 
45. 
46. 



1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 

5. 
6. 
7. 
8. 
9. 

10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 



Mangold, Jane Thomas, A. B. '08. 

Bickel, Mary A., A. B. '07. 

Willard, Maude H., 

Melrose, Mary H., 

Edbrooke, Gertrude E. 

Hunt, Edenia, 

Case, Lura M. 

Gentsch, Vida E., A. B. '08. 

Retz, Jeanette E., 

Martin, Maysie. 

Mrs. Richmann, 
Bredehoft, Mabel, A. B. '09. 
Bass, Florence, E., 
Goodman, Byne F. 
McMackin, Gertrude, 
Dedrick, Eva A., 
Jenner, Louise M., 
English, Eula M., A. B. 
English, Inez J., M. A. '09 
Parrett, Florence M., 
Whitaker, Ruth L., 
Campbell, Jessie, 
Branch Emiy I., 



Davis City, Neb. 

Henry St., Oeneseo, 111. 

521 N. State St., Belvidere, III. 

Grayville, 111. 

121 S. 64th St., Oak Park. 111. 

614 Wilson Ave., Menomonie, Wis. 

Alba, 111. 

164 East Ave., New Philadelphia, O. 

1625 East St., Ottawa, 111. 

Villa Grove, HI. 

309 Walnut St., Danville, III. 

103 E. North St., Princeton, 111. 

728 W. Hill St., Champaign, 111 

Roanoke, 111. 

Mechanic St., Geneseo, 111. 

1208 Upper 8th St., Evansville , Ind. 

909 W. Taylor St., Bloomington, 111. 

909 W. Taylor St., Bloomington, 111. 

Homer, 111. 

343 41st St., Chicago. 111. 

Coal City. 111. 

610 S. State St.. Champaign. 111. 



LAMBDA CHAPTER. 



Established March 8, 1907. 

Tufts College, Boston, Massachusetts. 

^Crawford, Irene May, A. B. 1907. North Dana, Mass. 

'^Douglas, Maud Geraldine, A. B. 1907 Hull, Mass. 

* Hannah, Persia D. 53 Oakland St.. Medford. Mass. 
♦Ome Marion Frances, A. B. 1907. 43 Fairmont Ave., W. Somervllle, 

' [Mass. 

*Carleton, Miriam Stanley, A. B. 1907. 16 Ocean St., Lynn, Mass. 
*Cate, Ennily Morgan, A. B. 1908. 205 Lowell St., Waltham. Mass. 
^Fuller, Ethel Luella, A. B. 1908. 63 College St., Everett, Mass. 
*Ladd, Eleanor. 66 High St., Medford, Mass. 

*McFarland, Beatrice May, A. B. 1908. 21 Cedar St.. Somerville, 

Mass. 
^Richards, Amy Viola, A. B. 1908. 101 Lewis St.. Lynn, Mass. 

*Aiken, Ethel May, A. B. 1909. 96 Clark St., Everett, Mass. 

"^Johnson, Gertrude Christine. 9 Myrtle St., South Manchester, Conn. 
"^Kimball, Nellie Lodena. Elmhurst Road, Newton, Mass. 

* McCoy, Annie Rebecca, A. B. 1909. 62 Main St., Somerville. Mass. 



246 ALPHA XI DELTA 

15. ^Nash, Beth Hazel, A. B. 1909, Leland Stanford University. 

1748 West 2ith St., Los Angeles, CaUf. 

16. ^Burnham, Helen Stanley. West Newbury, Mass. 

17. *Butterfleld, Estella Elizabeth. JacksonviUe, Vt 

18. *Aagln, Katherine Fairchlld. Bedford, Mass. 

19. "^Sniith, Ada Louise. Franklin, Mass. 
29. *Wood, Efrie Marie. Mattapoisett, Mass. 

21. Gardner, Lucie Marion, A. B. 1907. 4 Ljmde St., Salem, Mass. 

22. Carleton, Grace W., A. B. 1899. 

Mansfield, Mrs. Hubbard B. 9 Adams St., Wakefield, Mass. 

23. Abbe, Lena Pease, A. B. 1901. 984 Liberty St., Springfield, Mass. 

24. MacQuinn, Marion P., A. B. 1901. 

Thomas, Mrs. 4545 Washburn Ave., South Minneapolis, 

Minn. 
25 Reed, Ethel Gardner, A. B. 1901. Orange, Mass. 

26. Tuttle, Florence R., A. B. 1901. 38 Bufhim St., Salem, Mass. 

27. Burkett, Helen 

Richardson, Mrs. Herbert, 31 Columbus Ave., Somerville, Mass. 

28. Johnson, Edna H., A. B. 1902. 

Austin, Mrs. William, 9 Florence Ave., Bellevue, Pa. 

29. McCoy, Agnes Irene, A. B. 1902. 62 Main St., Somerville, Mass. 

30. Hoyt, Anadine, 

Fernald, Mrs. Horace W. Cabot St., NewtonviUe, Mass. 

31. Gibbs, Julia P., A. B. 1903. 

Adams, Mrs. G. Harold, 22 Summer St., Waltham, Mass. 

32. Ryan, Olive Katherine, A. B. 1903. 274 School St., Waltham, Mass. 

33. Hall, Mabel Emille, 9 Veajie St., Somerville, Mass. 

34. Clark, Georgiana Marie, A. B. 1904. 60 Central St., Somerville, Mass. 

35. Countway Gussanda, A. B. 1904. 28 Robinson St., Somerville, Mass. 

36. Crowell Mertie, A. B. 1904. 

Saunders. Mrs. Albert, 12 Fowler St., Dorchester, Mass. 

37. Harmon Betsy Baker. 

Lowe, Mrs. George. 11 Whitfield Road, W. Somerville, Mass. 

38. Cummings, Alice Josephine, A. B. 1904. Vassar College, 209 Maine 

[St., Medford, Mass. 

39. Bartlett, Daisy Mae. 47 Madison St., Somerville, Mass. 

40. Watkins, Hazel Loraine, South Manchester, Conn. 

41. Bowker, Ella Wallace, A. B. 1905 2 Hillside Ave., Somerville, Mass. 

42. Garton, Florence Harriet, A. B. 1905. 

Needham, Mrs. Brandon, Vt 

43. McCoy, Florence Lydia, A. B. 1905. 62 Main St., Somerville, Mass. 

44. Marshall, Wilnah Virginia, A. B. 1905. New Salem, Mass. 

Toy, Mrs. Harry M. Alameda, Calif. 

45. Buzzell, Ada. 

Macomber, Mrs. E. L., Central Village, Westpoint, Mass. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL 247 

46. Watkint, Laura Clarinda, South Manchester, Conn. 

47. Comatock, Bertha. 

Toy, Mrs. Harry. Alameda, Calif. 

48. Clement, Fannie May A. B. 1906. 141 Buckman St., Everett, Mass. 

49. Edwarda, Alice Haywood, A. B. 1906. Start House, Tufts College, 

[Boston, Mass. 

50. Johnaon, Phoebe Chandler, A. B. 1906. Spencer, Mass. 

51. Nye, Laila Campbell, A. B. 1906. 33 Electric Ave., West Somerville, 

[Mass. 

52. Sibley, Ruth Annie, A. B. 1906. 39 HighlanI Ave., Cambridge, Mass. 

53. Johnson, Dora Lucille, A. B. 1906, Smith College Uxbridge, Mass. 

54. Chandler, Elsie May, 46 Andover St., Peabody, ,Mas3. 

55. Killpatrick, Myrtle Mevia, A. B. 1909. 609 Stephens St., Lowell, 

[Mass. 

56. Duffey, Audrey Lovejoy, 24 Central Ave., Medford, Mass. 

57. 8hepard, Bertha Maria. Everett, Mass. 

58. Knight, Sue Levlna, Westmoreland, N. H. 

59. Bradford, Edith Harriet, 272 Summer St., Somerville, Mass. 

61. Jackson, Helen Camllle. 86 Otis St., Medford, Mass. 

60. Fuller, Lena Frances. 63 Cottage St., Everett, Mass. 

62. Smith. Lillian Cora, Kensington. N. H. 



1. 

2. 

3. 

4. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 

16. 
17. 
18. 



MU CHAPTER. 

Established May 24, 1907. 

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

Beck Clara L., B. A. 1909. 1818 Dayton, St. Paul Minn. 
Benz, Laura, B. A. 1908, M. A. 1909. 5 Sherburne Ave. St. Paul Minn. 

Gilbert, Grace E., 582 Dayton, St. Paul, Minn. 

Gordinier, Fannie, B. A. 1908. Caledonia, Minn. 

Halvorson, Ella J., B. A. 1908. Dawson, Minn. 

Halvorson, Olga Dawson, Minn. 

Halvorson, Cora. Dawson, Minn. 

Hendrickson, Dolly, Benson, Minn. 

Hitchings, Vin, B. A. 1908. Sutherland, Iowa 

Helson, Mary, B. A. 1907. 1924 Iglehart, St. Paul, Minn. 

Jones, Myrtle, B. A. 1907. 414 East 14th St., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Jones, Florence, B. A. 1908. Gaylord, Minn. 
Lathrop, Elsie, 907 8th St., S. E. Minneapolis, Minn. 

McLeod, Valdora, Hlbblng, Minn. 
Schaetzel, Mina, B. A. 1908. 

Hitchings, Mrs. William S. Belgrade, Minn. 

Schrlber, Alice, B. A. 1909. 520 Marshall. St. Paul, Minn. 

Shiely, Mary E., B. A. 1908. 412 Louis St., St. Paul Minn. 

Spink, Helen, B. A. 1909. White Bear, Minn. 



248 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 
32. 
33. 



1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 
5. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
To. 
16. 
17. 
18. 

19. 

20. 

21. 

22 

23. 



^Thompson, Marjorie, 1204 7th St., S. E., Minneapolis. Minn. 

Melony, Alice, B. A. 1908. 1124 2l8t Ave., No., Minneapolis, Minn. 

White, Lucy, Luveme, Minn. 

Helton, Alice, 1924 Iglehart, St. Paul, Minn. 

Elwell, Georgia Belle, 907 7th St., Minneapolis. Minn. 

McNamee, Ruth, Helena. Mont 

Olsen, Phoebe Mathea, 827 7th St., S. E. Minneapolis, Minn. 
MacDermott, Liela, 714 Delaware St., St., S. E. Minneapolis, Minn. 



Cadwell, Nellie, 
Grand-Ma itre, Blanche, 
Hartgering, Genevieve, 
Currie, Helen, 
Laughlin, Vera M. 



Stewartville, Minn. 

Chippewa Falls, Wis. 

Rapid City, S. D. 

704 15th Ave., S. E., MinneapoUs, Minn. 

Eau Claire, Wis. 

Leslie, Ruth E., E. 2537 Colfax Ave., So., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Hibbard, Hazel, 2733 Bloomington Ave., So., Minneapolis, Minn. 



NU CHAPTER. 
Established May 31, 1907. 



Seattle, Washington. 

414 Minor Ave., N. Seattle. Wash. 

Seattle, Wash. 

1535 2nd W., Seattle. Wash. 

La Conner, Wash. 

MUford, Del. 

233 Jones St., Walla Walla. Wash. 

1101 E. Thomas St., Seattle, Wash. 

4217 11th Ave., N. E. SeatUe, Wash. 

West Seattle. Wash. 

Berton, Vashon Is. 

1600 E. 65th St., Seattle, Wash. 

268 Hamilton Ave., Portland, Ore. 

Kelso, Wash. 
1440 22nd Ave., Seattle, Wash. 
2508 N. 42nd St., Seattle, Wash. 
502 2l8t, Seattle, Wash. 
740 16th N., Seattle. Wash. 
McLachlan, Mae, Ph. G. 1906, B. S. 1908, M. S. 1909. Sedro Wooley, 

[Wash. 

Lucks, Florence, 1411 E. Ward St., Seattle, Wash. 

Mason, Dorothy 4737 15th N. E. Seattle, Wash. 

Giesseman, Hazel, Everett, Wash. 

Stimmel, Pearl, Highland Drive, Seattle Wash. 
McNamara, Rosalia. 

Lynch, Mrs. John North Yakeria, Wash. 



University of Washington, 

*Willimann, Madie, A. B. 1907 

*Qilkey, Pearl, A. B. 1907. 

*Waddingham, Elsie, A. B. 1907. 

*Esary, Lillian, 

*Sanborne, Frances, A. B. 1908. 
Wilson. Mrs. R. 

*Estes, Hazel, 

♦Smith, Mary A., A. B. 1909. 

♦Parr, Myrtle, A. B. 1908. 

•Latham, Ethel, 

♦Young, AvI 

♦Mueller, Olive, 

♦Schneider, Marion, A. B. 1907. 

♦Harris, Margaret, 

♦Chambers, May, A. B. 1908. 

♦Parker, Leia, A. B. 1909. 
Fischer, Adelaide, A. B. 1909 
Murchison, Alice, A. B. 1909. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL 



249 



24. 
25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 
32. 
33. 
34. 
35. 
36. 



1. 

2. 

3. 

4. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 



1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 

5. 
6. 
7. 
8. 
9. 



Everett, Ethel, 
Kiitz, Lillian, 
Daniels, Aileen, 
Kiddle, Netta, 
Hunter, Stella, 
Drake, Dorothy, 
Van Loon, Clarice 
Sauter, Ruth Marie, 
Potter, Edith 
Balch, Anna 
Leasure, Daphna, 
Weatherford, Claire, 
Mattice, Cornelia, 



Custer, Wash. 

Vancouver, B. C, Box 908 

1612 E. Madison, Seattle, Wash. 

Island, City, Ore. 

Island City, Ore. 

1017 E. Marion St., Seattle, Wash. 

Colfax, Wash. 

1121 E. Thomas St., Seattle, Wash. 

4217 15th St., N. E., Seattle, Wash. 

301 E. 72nd St., Seattle, Wash. 

221 S. Main St., Pendleton, Ore. 

Dayton, Wash. 
Sedro-Wooley, Wash. 
XI CHAPTER. 
Established Sept. 11, 1908. 



Kentucky State University. 
*Walli8, Anna, A. B. 1906. 
*Nunnelly, Eva, A. B. 1906. 
^Gregory, Cattell, A. B. 1906. 
*Waili8, Elizabeth, B. S. 1907. 
*Lockrldge, Mary, A. B. 1907. 
*Jone8, Lida, 
*Walll8, Nell, 
*Simvall, Anne, 
^Ferguson, Lillian, 

Wanless, Jane, 

Porch, Edwin, 

Dickey, Helen, 

Barner, Lenora, 

Boreing, Iva, 



Lexington, Kentucky. 

Patterson Hall, Lexington, Ky. 

722 W. High St., Lexington, Ky. 

1383 Floyd St., Louisville, Ky. 

Patterson Hall, Lexington, Ky. 

Mt. Sterling, Ky. 

336 Madison Place, Lexington, Ky. 

Patterson Hall, Lexington, Ky. 

Mt. Sterling, Ky. 

La Centre, Ky. 

1425 Sixth St., Louisville, Ky. 

Somerset, Ky. 

Richwood, Boone Co., Ky. 

Barbourville, Ky. 

London, Ky. 

Richmond, Ky. 



Scott, Mary, B. S. 1906. 

OMICRON CHAPTER. 

Established May 5, 1909. 

University of California, Berkeley, California. 

*Kedrollvan8ky, Elizabeth, A. B. 1908. Los Gatos, Cal. 

*Het8chel, Mary, B. S. 1909. 2327 Bancroft Way, Berkeley, Cal. 

*McCali, Inez, B. A. 1908, M. A. 1909. lone, Cal. 

^Carpenter, Bern ice, B. L. 1908, M. L. 1909. Sacramento, Cal. 

♦Grey, Edith, B. A. 1908. 2607 Grant St.. Berkeley, Cal. 

^Thomson, Cora, B. A. 1908, M. A. 1909. Clackamas, Ore. 

*Stewart, Agnes, B. A. 1908. 851 Capp St., San Francisco, Cal. 

*Pracy, Edna, B. S. 1908.. 1069 Church St., San Francisco, Cal. 
♦Van Devort, Katherine, B. A. 1909. Covina, Cal. 

10. *Shartle, Veima, B. A. 1909. 



250 



ALPHA XI DELTA 





Poi^ell, Mrs. Lawrence 


11. 


*Johnton, Olive, 


12. 


^Suggetty Edna, 


13. 


*Paultan, Mabelle, 


14. 


* Dietrich, Elaa, 


16. 


*Hoey, Genevieve, 


16. 


*Ritdon, Ruth, 


17. 


•Caldwell, Miriam, 


18. 


* Parka, Meta, 


19. 


•McCall, Lorena, 


20. 


*Hlggina, Edna, 


21. 


•Touhey, Qenevleve, 


22. 


*Engle, Margaret, 



Los Angeles, CaL 

27 B St., San Rafael, CaL 

College City, Cal. 

82 Sanchez St., San Francisco, CaL 

1631 Waller St., San Francisco, CaL 

Martinet, CaL 

2611 Durant Ave., Berkeley, CaL 

2730 Derby St., Berkeley, Cal. 

Fmitrile, CaL 

lone, CaL 

Lompac, Cal. 

601 Broderick St., San Francisco, CaL 

2009 Hearst Ave., Berkeley, CaL 



We refer for complete address to number in chapter. 



A^gih, Katherine Pairchild, Lamb- 
da 18. 
Abbe, Lena Pease, Lambda 23. 
Abbott, Elizabeth, Kappa 1. 
Adair, Emtna, Gamma 16. 
Adams, Bessie E. Theta 15. 
Adams, Mrs. G. Harold, Lambda 31 
Aiken, Ethel May, Lambda 11. 
Ake, Mrs. Harvey, Gamma 22. 
Ainsley, Helen, Delta 14. 
Alderman, Mrs. Wm. H. Eta 42. 
Algie, Hazel Elizaabeth, Eta 24. 
Albers, Frances Clark, Theta 40. 
Allen, lya Clair, Theta 3. 
Allott, Effle, Gamma 17. 
Anderson, Mabel, Beta 21. 
Anderson, Ruth, Beta 50. 
Andrew, Mrs. John, Alpha 32. 
Andrew, Maude, Alpha 46. 
Andrews, Calla Adelaide, Theta 44. 
>ngell, Nellie Nadine, Theta 2. 
Arnold, Frances Hart, Beta 5. 
Arnold, Mabel, Alpha 21. 
Aronhalt, Delphia, Gamma Id. 
Atkeson, Leda Cordelia, Iota 15. 
Atkeson, Mary Meek, Iota 8. 
Atkins, Laura, Gamma 1. 
Austin, Mrs. Clymer, Eta 43. 
Austin, Mrs. Wm., Lambda 28 
Averkleff, Olga A., Epsilon 13. 

B 

Babb, Alice, Beta 37. 
Bachell. Garda, Delta 46. 
Bailey, Mrs. Loren, Eta 24. 
Bailey, Leila Pearle, Alpha 82. 
Baker, Dora Artemisia, Eta 9. 
Baldwin, Ethel, Eta 56. 



Baldwin, Lena Grandin, Eta 12. 
Balch, Anna, Nu 33. 
Ball, Ellen, Beta 3. 
Bamett, Stella, Beta 32. 
Bamer, Lenora, Xi 13. 
Barrett. S. Anita, Kappa 14. 
Bartlett, Daisy Mae, Lambda 39. 
BarUett, Alice Helen, Alpha 8. 
Bass, Florence E., Kappa 36. 
Bates, Etta S., Gamma 19. 
Beck, Clara L., Mu 1. 
Bell, Marion C, Kappa 2. 
Benz, Laura, Mu 2. 
Bemhard, Georgia, Gamma 2. 
Bernhardt, Mrd. Iota 13. 
Berry, Susie, Alpha 12. 
Bickel, Mary A., Kappa 26. 
Bishop. Belle, Alpha 11. 
Bishoff, Effle, Delta 25. 
Blair. Ellen, Delta 16. 
Blake, Kathrine M., Kappa 3. 
Blanchard, Pearl E., Theta 51. 
Block, Mrs. Louis, Alpha 1. 
Boger, Mrs. Arthur C, Alpha 27. 
Bollinger, Cora J., Alpha 1. 
Boreing, Iva, XI 14. 
Boston, Ella Berry, Alpha 14. 
Bothwell, Phebe Theodora, Eta 46. 
Bottomly, Mrs. Percy, Gamma 72. 
Bouser, Mrs. Frederic, Alpha 18. 
Bowker. Ella Wallace, Lambda 41. 
Bracher, Mabel, Zeta 1. 
Bracher, Mary C, Gamma 3. 
Bracher, K. Olive, Gamma 20. 
Bradford, Edith Harriet, Lambda 59 
Brady, Louise, Beta 42. 
Brady, Lucille, Beta 41. 
Brady. Mildred, Beta 38. 
Branch, Emily I., Kappa 46. 
Branch, Nellie, Kappa 4. 



252 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



Bredehoft, Mabel, Kappa 35. 

Breeden, Marjorie, Epsllon 17. 

Brenne, Alice, Epsllon 12. 

Brlckey, Ida Edith, Alpha 45. 

^Bright, Mrs. Harry E., Gamma 30. 

Brinkman, Mrs. Harry, Alpha 80. 

Brinton, Edith, Beta 47. 

Britton, Nellie May, Eta 7. 

Brower, Mary, Alpha 74. 

*Brown, Dora, Gamma 21. 

Bruner, Mrs. Murray S., Alpha 8. 

Bruner, Maude Ella, Alpha 44. 

Brush, Hazel Mae, Eta 25. 

Brush, Anna, Gamma 22. 

Buchanan, Mrs. W. D., Alpha 34. 

Burchard, Mrs. B. D., Alpha 59. 

Bumham, Helen Stanley, Lamb- 
da 16. 

Burkett, Helen, Lambda 27. 

Bush, Florence, Alpha 28. 

Bushy, Maude, Zeta 12. 

Butterfield, Estella Elizabeth, 
Lambda 17. 

Buzzell, Ada, Lambda 45. 



Cadwell, Nellie, Mu 27. 
Caldwell, Miriam, Omicron 17. 
Camerer, Luclle, Epsilon 22. 
Campbell, Clara, Beta 49. 
Campbell, Winifred T., Kappa 5. 
Campbell Jessie, Kappa 45. 
Campbell. Mrs. A. R., Gamma 80. 
Campbell, Nellie, Gamma 25. 
Cannon, Mrs. John, Gamma 78. 
Carrell, Anna Laura, Beta 19. 
Carleton, Miriam Stanley, Lambda 

5. 
Carleton, Grace W., Lambda 22. 
Caris, Ethel. Beta 55. 
Carling. Ethel, Eta 45. 
Carrier, Myrtle, Gamma 23. 
Carson. Elizabeth, Delta 6. 
Carpenter, Bernice, Omicron 4. 



Carpenter, Mrs. Alpha 23. 
Case, Lura M., Kappa 31. 
Caskey, Lela, Gamma 24. 
Cate, Emily Morgan, Lambda 6. 
Chadboume, Belle A., Eta 1&. 
Chadboume, Evangeline, Eta 57. 
Chadwick, Mary Frances, Iota 19. 
Chambers, May, Nu 14. 
Chamberlayne, Margaret, Eta 42. 
Chandler, Elsie May, Lambda 54. 
Chase, Helen Frances, Eta 31. 
Chave, Georgia Elizabeth, Theta 20 
Chave, Ella Bean, Theta 49. 
Cheney, Alice, Beta 43. 
Cheney, Amy, Beta 44. 
Cheney, Almira Lowrey, Alpha 3. 
! Cheney, Frances Elizabeth, Alpha 

9. 
Clark, Georgiana Marie, Lambda 34 
Clark, Lura, Beta 26. 
Clark, Mrs. Wm. Gamma 34. 
Clark, Mrs. J. A., Alpha 20. 
Clement, Fannie May, Lambda 48 
Cleveland, Bertha G., Eta 1. 
Coe, Helen, Beta 27. 
Cole, Amy Luella, Alpha 85. 
Collier, Ruth, Zeta 22. 
Collins, Jessie, Alpha 41. 
Coleman, Annie Brown, Alpha 49. 
Colby, Mrs. Earl, Alpha 66. 
Coker, Myrtle R., Kappa 15. 
Comstock, Bertha, Lambda 47. 
Condit, Lita, Zeta 19. 
Coolidge, Florence. Beta 57. 
Cooper, Mary Hannah, Iota 4. 
Cook. Bertha, Alpha 4. 
Cook. Sarah, Alpha 22. 
Cook, Grace Jane, Alpha 67. 
Cook, Nettie May, Theta 6. 

Cook, Eudora Idahlia, Theta 14. 

Coplin, Nancy, Iota 12. 

Cope, Florence, Gamma 26. 

Copeland, Nancy, Gamma 27. 

Couch, Susie Willabell, Eta 19. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



253 



Gornett, Mary Grentry, Delta 32. 
Courtney, Crystal, Iota 1. 
Countway, Gussanda, Lambda 35. 
Cox, Laura Gaddice, Alpha 55. 
Crammond, Lena Louise, Eta 17. 
Crawford, Irena May, Lambda 1. 
Crimm, Ethel, Iota 21. 
Crowell, Mertie, Lambda 36. 
Cummings, Alice Josephine, Lamb- 
da 38. 
Currie, Helen, Mu 30. 
Currier, Florence, Beta 4. 
Curtis, Mary Helen, Eta 32. 
Curtis, Florence M., Eta 35. 
Curtis, Eliza M., Alpha 2. 
Curtis, Margaret, Delta 1. 
Cutter, Flora May, Alpha 27. 



Dando, Mrs. Alpha 12. 
Daniels, Aileen, Nu 26. 
Darrow, Grace, Gamma 28. 
Davenport, Mrs. S. A., Eta 26. 
Davis, Mrs. Walter, Eta 2. 
Davis, Bertha Ellenor, Theta 12. 
Davis, Helen Emma, Theta 36. 
Davis, Agnes Hopkins, Theta 50. 
Davis, Ida, Gamma 29. 
Day, Nellie Jessie, Alpha 42. 
Day, Mabel L., Beta 23. 
Dedrick, Eva A., Kappa 39. 
Denton, Ruhama Pearl, Eta 60. 
Devon, Inez May, Alpha 50. 
! Dewey, Mabel, Gamma 30. 
Dewey, Treva, Gamma 31. 
De Witt, Louise E., Kappa 6. 
Dickey, Helen, Xi 12. 
Dietrick, Elsa, Omicron 14. 
Donelson, Mrs. Richard, Gamma 45 
Domblaser, Clara, Zeta 9. 
Domblaser, Helen, Zeta 18. 
Douglas, Maud Geraldine, Lambda 2 
Downer, Nell, Beta 22. 
Dowsland, Leila S., Eta 2. 



Drake, Dorothy, Nu 29. 
Drummond, Maud, Beta 12. 
Duffey, Audrey Lovejoy, Lambda 

56. 
Dumm, Mabel Puella, Eta 49. 
Duncan, Ina, Beta 13. 
Duncan, Mabel L., Beta 40. 
Dunham, Mrs. J. H., Eta 17. 



Eastman, Mabelle May, Alpha 34. 
Edbrooke, Gertrude E., Kappa 29. 
Edwards, Alice Haywood. Lambda 

49. 
Edwards, Mrs. Fred, Beta 21. 
Ekern, Ruth Nathalia, Theta 25. 
Elliott, Eva Mae, Eta 18. 
Ellis. Lillian J., Epsilon 38. 
Eldridge, Mrs. Gamma 53. 
Elting, Grace Helen, Alpha 63. 
Elwell, Georgia Belle, Mu 23. 
Engle, Margaret, Omicron 22. 
English, Eula M., Kappa 41. 
English, Inez J., Kappa 42. 
English, Mrs. John, Gamma 52. 
Ensign, Corrinne Newman, Eta 36. 
Epperson, Edna, Alpha 30. 
Erb, Louise Ernestine, Theta 39. 
Erb, Elizabeth Adele, Theta 41. 
Ericson, Josephine, Alpha 19. 
Erskine, Mrs. W. H., Delta 3. 
Esary, Lillian, Nu 4. 
Estes, Hazel, Nu 6. 
Evans Mrs. O. C, Alpha 4. 
Everett, Ethel, Nu 24. 
Everton, Mrs. J. L., Alpha 2. 
Eyestone, Eunice, Beta 6. 
Eyestone, Carrie, Beta 45. 
Eysaman, Leila Marion, Eta 30. 



Falkins, Emma, Beta 34. 
Fargo, Mattie P., Kappa 7. 



254 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



Fenton, Ida, Theta 24. 
Fenton, Polly, Theta 26. 
Fenton, T)ieo, Theta 27. 
Fenton, Elizabeth, Gamma 82. 
Fergeson, Lillian, Xi 9. 
Fernald, Mrs. Horace W., Lambda 

80. 
Fetty, Catherine, Delta 29. 
Fldler, Mary, Zeta 8. 
Fldler, May, Zeta 8. 
Fischer, Adelaide, Nu 16. 
Fleharty, Belle, Alpha 20. 
Flower, Oretchen Leanore, Theta 

82. 
Fogle, Fern, Gamma 4. 
Forster, Mrs. Emmet, Gamma 9. 
Foster, Julia Maude, Alpha €. 
Fomshell, Margaret, Zeta 24. 
Fox, Grace Mae, ESta 6. 
Fravel, Mary Stewart, Iota 14. 
Frazee, Helen M., Epsilon 27. 
Friedline, Nettie, Gamma 33. 
Fuller, Ethel Luella, Lambda 7. 
Fuller, Lena Frances, Lambda 60. 



Gabel, Edna, Epsilon 19. 
Galbreath, Ida, Alpha 16. 
Galbreath, Bessie, Gamma 34. 
Gardiner, Charlotte Georgia, 

Theta 88. 
Gardner, Lucie Marion, Lambda 81 
Gardinier,Fannie, Mu 4. 
Garman, "Jessie, Gamma 86. 
Garrett, Mrs. Byron H. Eta 20. 
Garst, Emma Estella, Alpha 15. 
Garton, Florence Harriet, Lambda 

42. 
Garver, Ora, Alpha 65. 
Garver, Eva, Zeta 27. 
Gatts, Elizabeth, Delta 80. 
Gentsch, Vida E., Kappa 82. 
Gentsch, Wllhelmina, Kappa 16. 
Geyer, Hortense, Zeta 88. 



Gibbs, Julia F., Lambda 81. 
Giesseman, Hazel, Nu 21. 
Gilbert, Grace B., Mu 8. 
GiUis, Mrs. Henry, BeU 16. 
Gillis, Anna Moore, Alpha 53. 
Gilkey, Pearl, Nu 2. 
Gilmer, Lucy, Alpha 7. 
Gilmour, Mrs. J. Elmer, Eta 81. 
Glendennlng, Mrs. Jas A., Beta 11 
Goldencrown, Myrtle A., Kappa. 
Gk)odman, Byne F., Kappa 87. 
Gossow, Mrs. C. W. B., Alpha 5. 
Gow, Mrs. Fred C Gamma 83. 
Graham, Lucy J., Eta 34. 
Grand-Maltre, Blanch, Mu 28. 
Grange, W* Lorena, ESpsilon 5. 
Grey, Edith, Omicron 5. 
Gray, Mary, Delta 31. 
Green, Marion Lenore, Eta 50. 
Green, Ethel Averil, Iota 8. 
Greene, Mabel F., Epsilon 28. 
Greenawalt, Catherine, Zeta SO. 
Greer, Juanita, Delta 45. 
Gregory, Cottell. Xi 3. 
Griswold, Mrs. Fred, Epsilon 15. 
Griffith, Effie, Epsilon 47. 
Grove, Maud, Gamma 35. 
Gunder, Edith Eileen, Alpha 60. 



H 



Hall, Mabel Emilie, Lambda S3. 
Halvarson, Cora, Mu 7. 
Halvarson, Ella J., Mu 5. 
Halverson, Olga, Mu 6. 
Hanna, Fern, Delta 42. 
Hanna, Hazel, Delta 48. 
Hanna, Persis D., Lambda 8. 
Hanson, Josephine, Epsilon 8. 
Hanson, Georgiana, Epsilon 14. 
Harmon, Petsy Barker, Lambda 37. 
Harris, Katherine Louise, Eta 5S. 
Harris, Margaret, Nu 13. 
Hartgering, Geneyieve, Mu 29. 
Harsh, Alta E., Alpha 58. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



255 



Hartzell, Mabel, Gampia 37. 
JEiast^ng^ Mr^. George, ESta 19. 
Hawkins, NelUe, Gajgoma 40. 
Heckler, Mabel, Qamma 3d. 
Hedeen, Mrs. Joel, BpsUon 3. 
Heerman, Mrs.i Alpha 24. 
HeiserxDiM^, Blanche, B^ta 56. 
Helson, Maq^, Mu 10. 
H^lsQl^, Alice, Mu 22. 
Hei^4ric)^n, Dolly, Mu 8. 
Henderson, Leonora Louise, Tbeta 

23. 
Hendel, Mabel Irene, Alpha 78. 
Henny, Virginia, Alpha 39. 
He99in, Nita, Gamma 38. 
Hetschel, Mary, Omicron 2. 
Hibbard, Hazel, Mu 33. 
Hig^ns, Edna, Omicron 20. 
Hightshoe, Luella, Beta 33. 
Hiles, Mrs. Alpha 28. 
Hill, Helen Hunt, Epsilon 25. 
Hill, Mrs. Glen, Gamma 82. 
Hillis, Mrs. Ross, Gamma 42. 
Hillyer, Jessie, Gamma 45. 
Hinsey, Louise, Beta 51. 
Hinshaw, Mrs. Ernest, Alpha 15. 
Hinshilwood, Helen, Gaxpma 5. 
Hinshilwood, Alice, Gamma 41. 
Hitchings, Mrs. Wm. B., Mu 15. 
Hitchings, Yin, Mu 9. 
Hoard, Marguerite Ann, Eta 20. 
Hoegh, Nanna Marie, Theta 35. 
Hoey, Geneyieve, Omicron 15. 
Holies, Effie M., Gftmma 42. 
Holtz, Mrs. Wilbur, M., Gamma 4. 
Holtz, Inez A., Eta 39. 
HoUister, Florence Alpha 66. 
Hoffman, Mayme, Delta 15. 
Hoffman, Mayme, Gamma 43. 
Horton, Cecil M., Eta 43. 
Hoskinson, Maude L., Alpha 31. 
Houck, Elizabeth, Zeta 7. 
Housto9, Dollye, Delta 34. 
Hoyt, Anadine, Lambda 30. 
Hubbell, Mary, Zeta 4. 



Hudson, Mavis, Dejta 19. 

Hughes, Katherine Jane, Gamma 

44. 
Hughes, Mima Elizabeth, Alpha 84. 
Hunt, Edenii^, Kappa 30. 
Hunter, Stella, Nu 28. 
Huston, Mary Belle, Beta 7. 
Hutchings, Martlet. Eta 11. 



I 



Imes, Florence, Alpha 80. 
Irwin, Mabel, Jane Alpha 76. 



Jackson, Helen Camille, Lambda 61 

Jackson, Katherine, Beta 9. 

Jackson, Cora Edna, Iota 18. 

Jahn, Nell D., Gamma 47. 

Jassman, Mrs. Robert, Epsilon 

Jenner, Louise M., Kappa 40. 

Johnson, Olive, Omicron 11. 

Johnson, Gertrude Christine, 
Lambda 12. 

Johnson, E3dna H., Lambda 28. 

Johnson, Phoebe Chandler, Lamb- 
da 50. 

Johnson, Dora Lucille, Lambda 53. 

Johnson, May, Beta 39. 

Johnson, Mrs. Robert, Beta 51. 

Johnson, Nettie, Beta 61. 

Johnson, DrusiUa V. P., Iota 7. 

Johnson, Lydia Lucile, Iota 11. 

Johnson, Esther A., Epsilon 29. 

Joi^es, Myrtle, Mu H* 

Jones, Florence, Mu 12. 

Jones, Lida, Xi 6. 

Jones, Zola, Epsilon 6. 

Jones, Anna L., Gamma 6. 

Jones, Elsie M., Gamma 46. 

JusUce, Edith, Delta 18. 



256 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



Kampman, Eva, Gamma 48. 
Kay, Mary Ehnily, Gamma 6. 
Kays, Lucille E. Kappa 21. 
Keith Kathryn E., Gamma 49. 
Keith, Katharine, Delta 9. 
Kellog, Helen, Alpha 43. 
Keller, Gertrude, Zeta 28. 
Keller, Helen, Zeta 29. 
Kemp, Anna Mary, Delta 4. 
Kern, Mrs., Alpha 26. 
Kiddle, Netta, Nu 27. 
Kidder, Gertrude Grace, Alpha 26. 
Kedrolivansky, Elizabeth, Omicron 

1. 
Killpartrick, Myrtle Mevis, Lambda 

55. 
Kiltz, Ullian, Nu 25. 
Kimball, Nellie Lodema, Lambda 

13. 
Kimble, Mrs. T. C. Alpha 53. 
Kirlin, Beulah G., Gamma 50. 
Kleeberger, Bertha, Delta 21. 
Kneipper, Mrs. A. B., GammA 38. 
Knight, Sue Levina, Lambda 58. 
Kober, Florence Leclerc, Alpha 57. 
Koch, Edna May, Theta 16. 
Kuhns, Clarissa, Theta 52. 



Ladd, Eleanor, Lambda 8. 
Lang, Pearl M., Gamma 57. 
Lapham, Harriet, Alpha 24. 
Latham, Ethel, Nu 9. 
Lathrop, Elsie, Mu 13. 
Lauer, Mabel Dorothy, Beta 31. 
Lauer, Elizabeth, Beta 52. 
Lauer, Etta, Beta 59. 
Lauer, Myrtle, Beta 60. 
Laughlin, Vera M., Mu 31. 
Lawrence, Mary Edith, Eta 40. 
Leasure, Daphna, Nu 34. 
Leet, Mrs. Klyne F., Gamma 24. 



Leib, Mrs. John Robert, Alpha 14. 
Leonard, Louise Eliza, Bta 58. 
Leonard, Lisle Aline, Bta 59. 
Leslie, Ruth E., Mu 32. 
Lester, Ada Luetta, Alpha 33. 
Lewis, Mary Delta 35. 
Llewellyn, Clarine, Kappa 8. 
Linquist, Lillian, Alpha 34. 
Lister, Mrs. Jesse A., Epsllon 18. 
Lockwood, Dora GeneYleye, Eta 10 
Lockridge, Mary, XI 5. 
Loetzer, Elizabeth Margaret, Eta 8. 
Logan, Mrs. Sam, Alpha 64. 
Long, Florence Evangeline, Eita53. 
Lorch, Augusta, Christine, Theta 1 
Lorton, Mrs. J. B., Alpha 22. 
Low, Janet, Alpha 38. 
Lowe, Mrs. George, Lambda 37. 
Lowry, Martha, Zeta 32. 
Lucks, Florence, Nu 19. 
Lute, Axle E., Beta 8. 
Lynch, Mrs. John, Nu 23. 
Lyon, Ruth Emma, Theta 5. 

M 

Mabbett, Jessie M., Theta 19. 

Macomber, Mrs. E. L. Lambda 45. 

MacQuinn, Marion P., Lambda 24 

Madden, May, Delta 24. 

Madden, Letha, Delta 33. 

Maiken, Maud, Beta 15. 

Maiken, Mrs. Frank, Beta 10. 

Mangold, Jane Thomas, Kappa 25. 

Mansfield, Mrs. Hubbard B., Lamb- 
da 22. 

Marriot, Jennie, Alpha 34. 

Marshall, Wilmah Virginia, Lamb- 
da 44. 

Marshall, Helen, Delta 17. 

Martin, Maysie, Kappa 34. 

Marquis, Frances E. Epsllon 42. 

Marquis, Violet, Epsllon 43. 

Mason, Dorothy, Nu 20. 

Mason, Ora Lottie, Theta 11. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



2S7 



Matthews, Peryl, Beta 48. 
Mattice, Cornelia, Nu 36. 
Matthias, Lulu, Gamma 53. 
Matthias, WUda, Gamma 54. 
Matson, Clara Christine Alpha 51. 
McAchran, Ruth, Alpha 59. 
McCall, Inez, Omlcron 3. 
McCall, Lorena, Omlcron 19. 
McCammon, Ruth, Delta 37. 
McCallum, Harriet, Alpha 5. 
McCoy, Annie .Rebecca, Lambda 14 
McCoy, Agnes, Irene, Lambda 29. 
McCoy, Florence Lydla, Lambda 

43. 
McCoy, Mrs. Roy, Gamma 10. . 
Mc Cullough, Mrs. J. B., Beta 29. 
Mac Dermott, Leila, Mu 26. 
McDonald, Edna Madison, Alpha 18 
McFarland, Beatrice May Lambda 

9. 
McKean, Mrs. S. R. Eta 11. 
McKnlght, Mrs. W. E., Gamma 64. 
McLaughlin, Abble M., Gamma 52 
McLachlan. Mae, Nu 18. 
McLeod, Valdora, Mu 14. 
McMlIUn, Mrs. Delta 14. 
McMackln, Gertrude, Kappa 38. 
McNamee, Ruth, Mu 24. 
McNamara, Rosalia, Nu 23. 
McRae, Mary Ethel, Theta 10. 
McRae, Florence Edna, Theta 42. 
Melbourne, Mary Gay, Gamma 51. 
Mercer, Mabel, Delta 28. 
Mercer, Edith, Delta 36. 
Mercer, Ina, Delta 38. 
Mercer, Hazel, Delta 41. 
Mercer, Verna, Delta 48. 
Melony, Alice, Mu 20. 
Mershon, Mrs. Herbert C, Beta 38 

Melrose, Mary H., Kappa 28. 

Menefee, Columbia, Iota 13. 

Miles, Helen, Alpha 37. 

Miller, Edith Louise, Alpha 40. 

Miller, Margaret B., Epsllon 20. 



Miller, Hellen Burell, Epsllon 26. 
Miller, Anna, Zeta 5. 
Miller, Mrs. L. O., Zeta 19. 
Miller, Lois, Zeta 21. 
Miller, Hortense, Zeta 26. 
Miller, Mrs. Arthur, Gamma 59. 
Miller, Helen L., Gamma 55. 
Mills, Mabel, Alpha 52. 
Millspaugh, Ethel, Beta 46. 
Mineer, Mrs. Bruce, Beta 22. 
Mitchell, Mrs. WUl, Beta 8. 
Moles, Mrs. Edward S., Tlheta 11. 
Morgenson, Mrs. H. L. Beta 26. 
Montgomery, Ethel, Gamma 58. 
Moon, Ada, Iota 22. 
Moore, Mrs., Alpha 41. 
Moore, Mrs. Homer, Gamma 50. 
Moore, Lillian, Gamma 56. 
Morris, Mrs. A. W., Gamma 81. 
Motz, Pearl, Gamma 59. 
Mueller, Olive, Nu 11. 
Mumaw, Mrs. Walker, Gamma 2. 
Mumaw, Mrs. W. C, Gamma 23. 
Murchison, Alice, Nu 17. 
Musgrave, Estella, Alpha 47. 
Myers, Mrs. W. E., Gamma 12. 
Myers, Laura Naomi, Eta 26. 
Myers Miranda Steele, Eta 28. 

N 
Nash, Beth Hazel, Lambda 15. 
Needham, Mrs., Lambda 42. 
Needham, Hazel, Gamma 60. 
Nelson, Saldee, Kappa 22. 
Newhouse, Grace L., Gamma 61. 
Nichols, Mary A., Epsllon 19. 
Nichols Lois, Epsllon 33. 
Noble, Mrs., Alpha 17. 
Nunnelly. Eva, XI 2. 
Nye, Lalla Campbell, Lambda 51. 



O'Bannon, Roberta, Delta 20. 
Ochsner, Genevieve, Epsllon 15. 
Oesch, Mrs. Sumner. Gamma 1. 



258 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



Oldfleia, Maud Olivia, Alpha 56. 
Oleen, Evelyn, Alpha 62. 
Olin, M^ry ^., Theta 13. 
Olin, Edna Jane, Theta 34. 
Olsen, Phoebe Mathea, Mu 25. 
Orne, Marion Frances, Lambda 4. 
Orrison, Eunice, Delta 13. 
Osborne, Bess, Delta 23. 
Overton, Ellen M., Eta 54. 



Potts, Jennie El, Theta 47. 
Potu, Mailpi^ Theta 5|. 
Potter, Edith, Nn 32. 
Pracy, E^na, Qmicron 8. 
Pritts, Emily, BpsUon 10. 
Provoost, Nellie Alice, Alpha 83. 
Prussia, Nellie Iva, Eta 15. 
Putnam, i^ Blaine, Bta 22. 



Quick, Mrs. Everett B., Iota 7. 



Page, Mrs. Bile, Alpha 38. 
Parker, AUce Bell, Eta 29. 
Parker, Ella M., Beta 1. 
Parker, Lela, Nu 15. 
Parks, Meta, Omlcron 18. 
Parr, Myrtle, Nu 8. 
Partridge, Oladys Lenore, Alpha 86 
Parmley, Belle, Epsilon 45. 
Parrett, Florence M., Kappa 43. 
Patterson, Ethel Lucille, Eta 37. 
Patrick, Elizabeth L., Kappa 23. 
Patton, Eloise, Gamma 64. 
Patton, Margaret, Gamma 65. 
Paulsen, Mabelle, Qmicron 13. 
Payne, Pauline, Beta 11. 
Peden, Bffie, Beta 53. 
Peterson, Mrs. Verd, Iota 21. 
Pettigrew, Bessie, Theta 21. 
Piper, Mrs. Mead, Beta 7. 
Pinnell, Ada, Beta 35. 
Pingrey, Grace Olive, Alpha 23. 
Pingrey, Jessie, Alpha 25. 
Pittman, Bskridge, Alpha 64. 
Pittman, Berta, Alpha 81. 
Pierce, Mrs. W. E., Delta 1. 
Porch, Edwin, Xi 11. 
Porch, Daisy K., Gamma 62. 
Porch, Fannie, Gamma 63. 
Powell, Mrs. Lawrence, Omlcron 

10. 
Powell, Ada, Gamma 66. 
Power, Mary A., Beta 2. 
Potts, Elva, Beta 54. 



Rains, Rosa, Alpha 48. 
Randall, Mrs. Jason, Beta 9. 
Handle, Bess, Beta 58. 
Handle, Lulu, Beta 20. 
Ravn, Agnes, Theta 31. 
Rayne, Marion B., Theta 3. 
Ravn, Signe, Theta 37. 
Reardon, Una Lee, Theta 43. 
Reed, Ethel G., Lambda 25. 
Reeves, Maud, Beta 17. 
Reeves, Mayme M., Gamma 8. 
Retz, Jeanette B., Kappa 33. 
Retz, Louise, L, Kfippa 9. 
Retz, Rosalie M., Kappa 9. 
Rhoades, Ellen May, Theta 7. 
Richards, Amy Viola, Lambda 10. 
Richardson, Mrs. Herbert, Lambda 

27. 
Richardson, Mabel, Epsilon 1. 
Richardson, ESthel, Epsilon 4. 
Richardson, Bertha K., BpsUon 40. 
Rich, Gertrude, Alpha 75. 
Richey, Frances, Alpha 70. 
9iker, Marie, Gamma 71. 
Riker, Mrs. S. C, Gamma 79. 
Risdon, Ruth, Omlcron 16. 
Roberts, Emily, Delta 8. 
Roberts, Nan, Delta 11. 
Roberts, Elsie A., Gamma 67. 
Roberts, Mrs. A. L., Gamma 75. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



259 



Robens, Edna, Gamma 68. 
Robens, Ruby, Oamma 69. 
Robinson, Blanche, Ga^^na 70. 
Rosa, Helen Laura, Eta ^7, 
Roth, Anna E., Eta 51. 
Ruckman, Mrs. N. N., Zeta 12. 
Runge, Alma M., Theta 4. 
Runge, Lulu L., Theta 8. 
Rule, Eva, Ki^pa. 
Rule, Q^TTie, Kappa 17. 
Ruskamp, Josephine A., Kappa 18. 
Ruth, Una Gertrude, Theta 17. 
Ruth, Genevieve, Gamma 72. 
Ryan, Olive K., Lambda 32. 
Ryan, Winifred M. E., Theta 29. 
Ryan, Marion E., Theta 80. 



8 



Sadler, Elizabeth J., Iota 5. 
Sale, E. Pearl, Epsilon 36. 
Salmer, Clare, Epsilon 2. 
Salmon, Mary E. Gamma 11. 
Salmon, Etta May, Gamma 12. 
Saltsman, Nellie, Gamma 77. 
Sammons, Mabel A., Alpha 61. 
Sanborn, Grace H., Epsilon 80. 
Sanborn, Ethel, Epsilon 37. 
Sanborne, Frances, Nu 5. 
Sanders, Mrs. Albert, Lambda 86. 
Sauter, Ruth, Marie, Nu 31. 
Saylor, Pearl, Delta 5. 
Schaetzel, Mina, Mu 15. 
Schnur, Grace, Alpha 32. 
Schneider, Marion, Nu 12. 
Schuhardt, Bertha, Zeta 31. 
Schreiber, Alice, Mu 16. 
Schreiner, Mazie, Beta 36. 
Schuster, Edith E., Theta 46. 
Schwarm, Clara, Zeta 14. 
Schwarz, Mary K., Kappa 19. 
Scott, Mary, 3^ 15. 
Scott, Muriel, Delta 7. 
Scott, Mary E., Gamma 10. 
Senour, Bessie, Gamma 76. 



Sewall, Sarah B., Epsilon 31. 
Seybold, Lillian, Zeta 20. 
Shannon, Agnes, N., Kappa 10. 
Shartle, Velma, Omicrqn 10. 
Sh^w, Mrs. Frank, Gamma 84. 
Shedd, Louise, Gamma 75. 
Sheldon, Margherita, Epsilon 39. 
Shepard, Bertha Marie, Lambda 57 
Shiely, Mary E., Mu 17. 
Shiltz, Mrs. O. D., Gamma 68. 
Sibley, Ruth Annie, Lambda 52. 
81xp9,n> Florence A., Theta 83. 
Simmons, Mrs. Charles, Alpha 75. 
Simrall, Anna, Xi 8. 
Singer, Louise, Beta 10. 
SinviUe, Florence, Delta 44. 
Skeel, Florence M., Eta 61. 
Slayton, Ifazel Irene, Eta 48. 
Sleight, Esther Evelyn, Eta 62. 
Slocum, Deborah, Epsilon 41. 
Small, Bertha, Epsilon 28. 
!Smelz, Lillian, Zeta 6. 
Smith, 4.da Louise, Lambda 19. 
Smith, Lillian C, Lambda 62. 
Smith, Geneva, Beta 30. 
S^nith, Ullian B., Iota 2. 
Smith, Bertha Jane, Iota 6. 
Smith, Helen B., Iota 10. 
Smith, Mrs. C. H., Iota 10. 
Smith, Leola May, Iota 20. 
Smith, Mary A. Nu 7. 
Smith, Effle, Alpha 17. 
Smith, Mrs. Bert, Alpha 31. 
Smith, Mrs. A., Alpha 37. 
Smith, Anna, Delta 26. 
Smith, Jessie, Delta 27. 
Smith, Marjorie, Zeta 11. 
Smith, Edith, Zeta 16. 
Smith, Nellie, Gamma 78. 
Spencer, Mrs. Robt. Beta 45. 
Spencer, F. Grace, Kappa 13. 
Spink, Helen, Mu 18. 
Sprague, Bertha, Delta 12. , 
Springer, Edith, Beta 28. 
Spry, Mabel, Beta 14. 



260 



ALPHA XI DELTA 



Stebbins, Hortense, Alpha 87. 
Steck, Jeanette, Zeta 10. 
Stiles, Abbey, Beta 18. 
Steed, Mrs. Hubert, Delta 10. 
Stephens, Mrs. G. Ware, Beta 4. 
Stephens, Alberta, Beta 28. 
Stevenson, Alice, Delta 39. 
Stewart, Agnes, Omlcron 7. 
Stewart, Virginia, Delta 3. 
Stewart, Mildred, Delta 40. 
Stewart, Pearl, Gamma 9. 
Stillwell, Mrs. Elmer W., Epsilon 4 
Stickney, Carrie A., Alpha 13. 
Stimmell, Pearl, Nu 22. 
Stookesberry, Mrs. Karl L., Gam- 
ma 46. 
Strawn, Ejvelyn, Kappa 24. 
Strong, Lewie A., Alpha 10. 
Strong, Marion R., Theta 22. 
Strong, Lucille, Gamma 73. 
Strong, Vivian, Gamma 74. 
Stryker, Bell, Alpha 69. 
Sudhoff, Elizabeth, Zeta 25. 
Sugget, Edna, Omicron 12. 
Swartout. Ella, Zeta 13. 
Sweet, Mrs. Oliver E., Epsilon 5. 
Sweet, Julia M. Epsilon 21. 
Sykes, Kathryn A., Alpha 71. 



Tarbell, Lilla M., Epsilon 16. 
Tarbell, Helen, Epsilon 24. 
Taylor, Mrs. E. A., Alpha 10. 
Taylor, Edith S., Gamma 13. 
Taylor, Mary, Gamma 79. 
Taylor, Mabel G., Gamma 80. 
Thomas, Mrs., Lambda 24. 
Thomas, Pearl A., Gamma 14. 
Thomson, Cora, Omicron 6. 
Thompson, Katherine Y., Eta 33. 
Thompson, Marjorie, Mu 19. 
Thompson, Alleen L., Alpha 79. 
Thornton, Mary Lucille, Eta 41. 
Thorn, Mary Ester, Alpha 29. 



Tobin, Theresa K., Eta 4. 
Tobin, Helen H., Eta 5. 
Tobin, Laura L., E^ta 44. 
Touhey, Genevieve, Omienm 2L 
Toy, Mrs. Harvey M., Lambda 47. 
Tribby, Nellie, Beta 16. 
Truair, Helen L., Eta 38. 
Tucker, Elizabeth B., Eta 52. 
Tucker, Elizabeth, Theta 45. 
Tucker, Mildred, Gamma 15. 
Tuttle, Florence R., Lambda 26. 



Underwood, Bessie C, Theta 9. 



Vass, Marie, Theta 53. 

Van Cise, Edith BeU 24. 

Van Dervort, Katherine, Omicron 9 

Vail, Leora, Theta 48. 

Van Loon, Clarice, Nu 30. 

W 

Waddingham, Elsie, Nu 3. 
Wads worth, Blanche M., Gamma 81 
Wallace, Mrs., Alpha 11. 
Wallace, Nini M., Epsilon 35. 
Wallis, Anna Xi 1. 
Wallis. Elizabeth, Xi 4. 
Wallis, NeU, Xi 7. . 
Walker, Ada, Beta 25. 
Walker, Jessie, Alpha 36. 
Wanless, Jane, Xi 10. 
Warne, Edith M., Eta 23. 
Watkins, Hazel L., Lambda 40. 
Watkins, Laura C, Lambda 46. 
Watkins, Mabelle R., Iota 16. 
Watkins, Blanch E., Iota 17. 
Watson, Mrs. Earl, Alpha 36. 
Watson, Mrs. G. W., Delta 5. 
Weaver, Mabel Jane, Iota 9. 
Weatherford Claire, Nu 35. 
Weller, Laura G., Eta 3. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



261 



Weller, E. Louise, Eta 13. 
Whitaker, Ruth L., Kappa 44. 
Whitla, Edith, Gamma 83. 
Whitla, Blanche L., Gamma 84. 
White, S. Frances, Eta 27. 
White, Lucy, Mu 21. 
White, Bertha, Alpha 72. 
White, Julia E., Delta 2. 
Whittemore, Ruth, Theta 18. 
tWildasin, Myrtle, Zeta 3. 
Williams, Marion, Epsilon 32. 
Williams, Florence, Epsilon 44. 
Williams. Julia, Delta 22. 
Williams, Flossa, Gamma 85. 
Williamson, Bessie B., Alpha 73. 
Williman, Madle, Nu 1. 
Willetts, Mrs. Ledru, Beta 24. 
Willetts. Mrs. Robert, Beta 34. 
Willard. Maud H., Kappa 27. 
Wilson, Mrs. F., Gamma 70. 

Wilson, Mrs. R., Nu 5. 

Winn, Mabel, Zeta 2. 



!Wise, Lorena, Alpha 68. 
Wittich, Catherine, Gamma 82. 
Wolfe, Mrs. Channing E., Alpha 25 
Woliston, Eliza, Zeta 34. 
Wood, Effie M., Lambda 20. 
Woods, Iris L., Kappa 11. 
Wright, Gertrude E., Eta 21. 
Wright, Hazel. Zeta 15. 
Wright, Willard, Zeta 23. 
Wrigley, Marion, Alpha 54. 



Taggi, Mrs. Lawrence E., Gamma 6 
Yaggi, Mrs. H. K., Gamma 61. 
Yale, Louise P., Kappa 12. 
Yost, Augusta, Gamma 86. 
Young, Avi, Nu 10. 



Zang, Mrs. Albert G., Gamma 8. 
Zuell, Mrs. L., Alpha 51. 








ALPHA. 

Dear Girls: 

August finds us far ajtart and longing to see some of the girls. That 
temptation was too much for the corresponding secretary and July found 
her back in Galesburg where she visited Sisters Bessie Williamson and 
Frances Ridiey. From there she went to Stackton to see the little son of 
Gertrude Rich Simmons. Before returning home she intends to visit Lctb 
Bailey and Hortense Stebbins in Stoughton, Wis., Nellie Provoose and Qadp 
Partridge in Pecatonica, Am yCole in Williamstield and Phyllis Jones in 
Galesburg. Can anyone imagine a more delightful trip? 

We were charmingly entertained. May 27, at a five course dinner at the 
home of one of our pledges, Miss Phyllis Jones. 

Mrs. Dr. Fisher entertained for the chapter and our grand presidenb 
Mrs. Leib, at a reception May 26. 

The Alpha Xi Delta Annual reception and dance of Alpha chapter took 
place at the Gymnasium. It was in the nature of a Pan-Hellenic and all 
Lombard Greeks were invited. The hall was decorated with butterflies of 
every size and color. A huge pink rose and eight bright hued butterflies on 
the white ceiling furnished the lighting. The evening was spent in danciiQ 
and unique favors were given. The refreshments were ice cream and cake. 
The ice cream was molded in the form of a pink rose and rose petals and * 
spray of smilax added to its natural appearance. 

We were quite proud of our only senior, Nellie Alice Provoost, when 
she gave her graduating recital in the college chapel, May 12th. Misi 
Provoost has a rich mezzo- soph ra no voice and gave a delightful program. 

The graduating exercises of the Senior Class were held Wednesdaj 
morning, June 2, in the college chapel. The address was delivered by Rer- 
John Clarence Lee, D. D., of Philadelphia. 

MaM HendeL 



CHAPTER LETTERS 263 

BETA. 

Dear Sisters: 

Sdiodl is out, vacation an old story and we are all looking forward to 
Sq^emW and school again. "Thus the round completes itself." 

tVe of Beta are especially anxious for Fall and all it will mean to us, 
fct this jrear we are to have a couple of chapter rooms. Great things have 
bedl planned, and our anticipations are many and varied. During the rush- 
hdt s^^n which, by the way, promises to be very strenuous, we expect to 
ilive several informal chafing dish parties inviting just a few girls at a time, 
m We believe that personal acquaintance will accomplish more than studied 
eHett, The rooms are iii the home of an Alpha mother, her daughter having 
been one of the charter members of our chapter, and she has been so kind 
as to promise us her parlors for more formal functions. Our alumnae have 
given us silver, linen and dishes, all bearing the Alpha Xi Delta monogram, 
and we expect to have everything cozy and "homey" by the time the lone- 
some "nishettes" arrive. 

We were well represented in the exercises at Commencement this year. 
Mabel Duncan and Lucille Brady as Celia and Audrey, respectively, won 
much favorable comment in the Senior Class Day. Amy Cheney was chosen 
to represent the seniors in the cap and gown ceremony, and Ethel Mills- 
paugh lead the weaving of the college colors on Campus Day. 

The usual round of social events was begun by a "Conversational Ball" 
given by our patronesses at the home of Senator Seeley. The whole house 
and wide veranda was decorated with flowers, the rose being particularly 
prpminent. The programs were in the double blue and gold. The color 
scheme was carried out in the refreshments, also. It was the first time the 
chapter had been formally presented to Miss McClure our new patroness, 
and she quite charmed us all. Everyone had the delightful time which 
such hostesses insure. 

On the last Saturday in May the active chapter, Ellen Ball, and Mabel 
Day went overland to the Lauer country house to spent the week end. 
Pearl Matthiews of Winfield and the three Lauer sisters increased our num- 
ber to twenty-two and such a houseful as we were! Theatricals, Ghost 
stories, dancing and pranks, to say nothing of auto and horse-back riding, 
made the time pass all too quickly. We returned Monday afternoon tired 
hut happy, and voting our hostesses to be ideal entertainers. 

On the evening of June 11, the Senior girls were entertained by the rest 
of the chapter at Ellen Ball's home. We all tried to keep away thoughts 
of next year without our six "big sisters," but Tm not at all certain that 
there weren't wet lashes, even tho we announced to the surrounding neigh- 
bors that "We were the Alpha Xi Delta girls" with right good will and 
lungs. 

The next afternoon Ellen Ball and Mabel Day received in honor of our 
graduates. Many of our alumnae were present and the time was all too short 



264 ALPHA XI DELTA 

for the advice and encouragement they gave us for next year, and their 
anecdotes of past rushing seasons and ''frat frays." 

Monday, the fourteenth, we entertained our alumnae and patroness at 
Florence Stephen's home. Those present of our alumnae were Nell Downer- 
Minear, Axie Lute- Mitchell, Laura Clark-Morganson, Louise Hinsey-John- 
son, Mildred Brady-Mershon, Edith VanCise-Willitts, NeUie Tribby Willits, 
Mrs. Gillis, Ina Duncan, Helen Coe, Luella Hightshoe, Alice Babb, Lulu Han- 
dle, Ellen Ball and Mabel Day. Ruth Anderson, who will return to school 
next year; Effie Peden and Pearl Matthews were present Eulalia Dunn 
and Mabel Pittenger, both pledges, were with us for commencement also. 
The afternoon was spent in singing, planning for "next year" and a general 
reunion and reacquaintance with our graduated sisters. 

Tuesday Mrs. Applegate gave a dinner and I need not say that it was 
delightful, since she is an ideal hostess. 

As to our Seniors — Amy Cheney, Mabel Duncan and Louise Brady 
will teach next year. May Johnson will take post graduate work in the 
conservatory, Alice Babb and Alice Cheney are undecided as to what they 
will direct their energies, and Lucille Brady will take a course in Domestic 
Science. 

Elva Potts will go to convention since Florence Coolidge cannot be in 
school until the second semester. 

And now, good times for the remainder of vacation, and good luck 
for next year. 

Yours in the bonds, 

Florence Lathrop Coolidge. 



GAMMA. 

Dear Sisters: 

Once more a school year has ended and we are compelled to part for a 
time at least. Another commencement is past and with it have gone three 
of Gamma's girls: Ethel Montgomery, Mabel Heckler and Olive Bracher, 

Commencement at Mount Union was most interesting and enthusiastic 
this year, Dr. McMaster being inaugurated as president of the College, on 
the afternoon of Class Day. 

In the Class Day exercises, Ethel Montgomery gave the Greek Oration, 
Mable Heckler the German, and Olive Bracher the English Classical. Ethel 
Montgomery was president of the Senior Class and took the Bishop Neely 
prize for scholarship. 

On Tuesday of Commencement week, we had our annual reunion at 
the home of one of our patronesses, Mrs. Arthur Wright, on South Union 
Ave. At one o'clock the girls, fifty-three in all, with our patronesses and 
pledges, went to the church, where a five course dinner was served. After 
dinner the following toast programme was given: 



CHAPTER LETTERS 265 

TOASTS. 
"Saw you not even now a blessed troop 
Invite me to a banquet, whose bright faces 
Cast a thousand beams upon me like the sun? 
They promised me eternal happiness 
And pray and sing and tell old tales and laugh. 
TOASTMISTRESS, - - MARY EMILY KAY, *04 

THE INITIATION, - - JESSIE GARMAN, '12 

"Alpha has a nanny goat, nanny goat, nanny goat, 
Alpha has a nanny goat, and she feeds it well." 
"THE AFTERWHILES," - - MRS. H. R. PIERCE 

"Where are they — the afterwhiles 
That lure us the lengthening miles of our lives?" 
THE HAS-BEENS, - - MILDRED L. TUCKER, '05 
"Freshman, pause as you pass by, 
As you are now, so once was I, 
As I am now, soon you must be." 
OUR FRIENDS— THE ENEMY, KATHARINE E. KEITH, ex, '05 
"Who, ne'er so tame, so cherished, so locked up 
But have a wild trick of their ancester." 
THE ANNALS OF '08-'09, - NELLIE HAWKINS, '10 

"Listen my children, and you shall hear ." 

ONCE UPON A TIME," GRACE MILLER-BARNARD, ex. '97 
"Sweet memory wafted by the gentle gale! 
Oft up the stream I turn my sail 
To view the gentle haunts of long lost hours. 
Blest with far greener shades, far lovelier flowers." 
RUSHING, - . - - LUCILLE STRONG, '08 

"Never fear me; I am as vigilant as a cat to steal cream." 

"THE HONEYMOON TRAIL." 

Eloise Patton McKnight then announced the approaching marriage of 
Mary Bracher to Mr. Harvey R. Snyder; Mary Taylor to Mr. Clark Riker; 
and Zerna Kingsburg to Mr. William Spring. 

Mary Taylor and Mr. Riker