&>>* -* - >Ji . 4 i AfiPt* i < . . . • , te&*> 4 » .g *>%. > v;. j**£ Library of the University of North Carolina Endowed by the Dialectic and Philan- thropic Societies. ft&i CY THOMPSON SAYS— To young men between \$ and 19 years of age we are offering reduced premium rates. It stimulates a young man to know that he has in force a contract that creates an immediate estate for creditors and dependents if he dies, and provides capital for business or an old age fund for him- self if he lives. * Are you sufficiently insured? Have you a boy or a brother that ought to be insured today? See or write us without delay. NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS CHARTERED 183S CYRUS THOMPSON, JR., Special Agent EUGENE C. McClNNIS, General Agent Raleigh, N. C. Raleigh, N. C. THE ROYALL & BORDEN CO. 106 and 108 WEST MAIN STREET DURHAM, NORTH CAROLINA Sell all kinds of furniture and furnishings for churches, colleges and homes. Biggest stock of Rugs in the State, and at cheapest prices. CJIf you don't know us ask the College Proctor or the editor of the "Review." Call on or write for whatever you may need in our line. THE ROYALL & BORDEN CO. ♦ALVWNI'REVEW rp^T7V< Iff T. PUBLISHED BY THE ALVMNI ASSOCIATION Murphy 9 s Hotel and Annex Richmond, Virginia The Most Modern, Largest, and Best Located Hotel in Richmond, Being on Direct Car Line to all Railroad Depots. Headquarters for College Men European Plan $1.00 Up JAMES T. DISNEY, Manager MARK DESIGNED BY OTHO CUSHING POPULAR AMERICAN ILLUSTRATOR.TO IDENTIFY THE "QUALITY AND SERVICE" PRODUCTS OF THE SEEM AN PRINTERY,inc DURHAM, NORTH CAROLINA THE ALUMNI REVIEW Volume V FEBRUARY, 1917 Number 5 OPINION AND COMMENT In order that the University may do the larger work which it considers essential to the upbuilding of the State and South and which it WHAT WE ARE , . , . , , ., ASKING FOR ls ea S er to undertake provided the means are supplied, the President and the Trustees, after careful study, have asked the Legislature for an annual appropriation of $105,000 for maintenance and a building fund of $100,000 a year for the next five years. This request is in no sense padded. It represents the real needs of the Uni- versity if it is to maintain its standards and meet the demands which the State daily makes upon it and which increase with the passing of every hour. DDD The following members of the Alumni Association, J. Crawford Biggs, John L. Patterson, W. T. Shore, „„. T „ . „„ . „„„ J. J. Parker, and G. V. Cow- YOUR ASSISTANCE, . .' . , . PLEASE P er > com P rlsm g a special alum- ni committee, have shown the way in which the alumni can assist in securing the increased support sought. A copy of their open letter of February 5 follows. Give it your immediate at- tention, please. The undersigned are a committee from the Gen- eral University Alumni Association to co-operate with the Legislative Committee of the Trustees in securing from the Legislature adequate appropria- tions for the University. The Trustees ask for: 1. An annual appropriation of $165,000 for maintenance. 2. A building fund of $100,000 a year for the next five years. These figures are the least that the University's pressing needs, economically administered, urgently demand. Please bear this constantly in mind. Wc hope that every alumnus will become active in helping to secure favorable action on these requests. We can do this in the following ways: 1. By having your local alumni association pe- tition the Legislature to make the appropriation ask- ed for. 2. By seeing personally, and by writing to indi- vidual legislators, especially members of the Appro- priations Committee, urging them to grant the amount needed. 3. By talking constantly about the University's needs and inducing other persons, especially those who are not alumni, to interest themselves in the same way in the University. 4. By securing editorial expression in your local papers in support of these requests. Do not urge merely "liberal appropriations," but insist upon the specific, concrete amount asked for by the Trustees. The University is facing a crisis. Whether it is to hold its own among the foremost Southern univer- sities, continuing to be the pride and glory of the State, or is to lose its hard-earned place, both abso- lutely and comparatively, depends upon the action of the present Legislature. Your committee urge you, therefore, not to delay in carrying out the suggestions made above. What we want is action — not action tomorrow — hut today! DDD Tuesday, June 5th, is to be alumni day. The classes of 1857, 1867, 1887, 1892, 1897, 1902, 1907, 1912, and 1916 will hold re- ALUMNI DAY . ' ,. . . , , . unions. It is not too early to make plans for the day. The Review's columns are open to communications of any sort, connected with arrangements for that day. The alumni are invited to send suggestions to the secretary of the Association upon any matter connected with the celebration of the day. Do not hesitate to let him hear of any idea that you are harboring. In particular, suggestions are desired upon — 1. Names of persons to represent your class upon the general program. 2. Features of the program for the day. 3. Advertising features to stir up enthusiasm for the occasion. Don't sit back and think "Someone else will do it if 1 dont't" — si unci imc must do it if it is done. Why should not you do it? Every member of your class will rise up and call you blessed if you will break loose and start something. If you don't act they may not blame you particularly bul they will wonder why the class never does anything. Put your class on the map — you can do it and you will enjoy doing it and your activity in getting out a crowd will be appreciated. 116 THE ALUMNI REVIEW COMMENDATION FAR AND WIDE We direct the special attention of the alumni to the "Comments from the Press" found in another section of this issue of the Re- view. We do this because we feel that they (and through them the people of the State) are entitled to know what the press of the country thinks of the work of Alma Mater as summarized in the recent report of Presi- dent Graham. Clippings from the State press have been purposely omitted, but we have our files full from dailies and weeklies from every section of North Carolina. From every quarter the University has been wished God speed. The reasons for presenting these estimates of the University are three-fold: 1. To let the State know what the outside world thinks of the standing of the University; 2. To show that it possesses leadership which should be given such financial support as is essential to its proper expression in the life and wel- fare of the State; and (3) To stimulate the alumni to an increased effort to secure this support for it. nan The comments referred to above cover various phases of the University's work. The comment be- low, taken from the New Republic, READ THIS, IF f February 17, goes direct to the NOTHING ELSE , , ,. / '= , ,. heart of the matter so tar as the State's support of the University is concerned. Tt is a straight shot and it pierces the very center of the mark. The report of President Graham of the University of North Carolina puts in vivid relief the inexplic- able failure of~ a growing State to recognize its own best intellectual wealth. North Carolina has acted towards its University exactly as if it had not yet learned that such an institution performs perhaps the most permanently valuable of all state govern- mental functions. For the past two years this most useful University, with over twelve hundred stu- dents, has had for maintenance only $115,000 a year and only $30,000 for permanent improvements. Its income from all sources was only $220,661, as against the University of Virginia's $560,258, with a student body actually smaller than North Carolina. At least eleven Southern state institutions have larger working- incomes per student. That of the Universitv of Mississippi is more than twice as large. Tr Is an extraordinary record for legislative stupidity ih.it President Graham uncovers. North Carolina can not plead the excuse of poverty. For taking her tax- able property as it is, out of the tax on erery thousand dollars' worth she appropriates just $.18 for Univer- sity maintenance, as against Mississippi's $.39 and Nebraska's $1.98. President Graham appeals to men of wealth to help the University. But the real call should be to the people as represented in the legis- lature. □ □□ The facts set forth in the following paragraphs in the University News Letter relative to the funda- mental matters of taxation and constitute a challenge to the intelligence and true patriotism of every alumnus of the University. To the extent that the alumni are debtors to the State for benefits received here for which full financial return was not made, — to that extent they one and all are obligated to render active service in striking off the fetters which have bound the State through the past and which today are holding it down at the bottom (as compared with other States) in those particulars which are vital to the life of a truly great people. By holding a billion dollars off the tax books we are of course forced down to government upon a cheap scale. In 1915, the per capita cost of State government in North Carolina was $1.76. It was greater in 46 States. It was less in only one. This amount per inhabitant means mighty little for all the necessary purposes of State government in North Carolina. How little it is appears in the fol- lowing figures which show what went with our $1.76 per inhabitant in 1915: for highway and recreation less than 1 cent, for public health and sanitation 5 cents, for the protection of person and property 10 cents, for the conservation and development of re- sources — mainly agriculture — 11 cents, for general government — legislative, executive, judicial, upkeep of public buildings and the like — 14 cents, for gen- eral expense— old soldier pensions mainly — 25 cents, for charities, hospitals and corrections 39 cents, and for public education and libraries 71 cents. A recent bulletin of the Federal Bureau of Edu- cation shows that 33 States make a better showing than North Carolina in daily public school attend- ance; 38 a better showing in the average number of days attended; 42 a better showing in the number of high school students; 35 a better showing in the number of college students; 46 a better showing in school property per child; 36 a better showing in school expenditures per thousand dollars of estimated wealth ; 45 a better showing in the value of school property. per child of school age; 45 a better show- ing in expenditure per child in average daily attend- ance; 46 a better showing in salaries based on aver- age daily attendance; 46 a better showing in aver- age annual salaries paid to teachers; and 44 a better showing in the length of public school terms. These facts constitute a challenge to every alumnus. THE ALUMNI REVIEW 117 MECKLENBURG FORSYTH February, 1917, was probably the greatest period of activity ever enjoyed by the University alumni. Every month during the present A GREAT MONTH jj th Review has car . FOR THE ALUMNI ■ j "\ ' . , ,, ried a story of valuable jiracti- cal work "put over" by individual alumni, or asso- ciations, for the University. .The record for Febru- ary, however, far overshadows all of the rest. First: The Mecklenburg Association, organized for continuous work throughout the year, has under- taken to help solve the marketing problem for the county. It has also arranged six University lyceum lectures, issued tickets and posters for them, and thus plans to bring the University faculty and Mecklenburg County to know each other. Members of the Association have rendered valuable personal service in connection with the University appropriation. Second : The Forsyth Alumni Association has been especially busy during the past few weeks. In co- operation with the local school authori- ties, it has planned and agreed to finance an economic and school survey of the county, to be made by the departments of education and economics of the University. The results will be published in a pamphlet issued by the alumni. It has circulated fifty petitions, calling for University support by the present Legislature. It has invited the President of the University to come and talk over what can be done by the alumni during the coming year. Third: Rocky Mount came handsomelv through with a practically unanimous collection of Alumni ROCKY MOUNT ^1^ ^'^ f D l Eattle and 1. \j. Simmons made voluntari- ly a canvass of the town, giving every alumnus a chance to join in this fine movement. A check for $48.50, and sixteen signed annual subscriptions in addition, was the result. This is the way to make this fund grow. Every town in the State ought to follow the lead of Dunn, Greensboro, and Rocky Mount. AVrite to the Secretary for blank cards. Greensboro, under the leadership of Andrew Jov- ner, Jr., Wharton and Umstead, had a great alumni GREENSBORO b .^ qUet ?"**» ^m ^ fairer- sity say that it was one of the best alumni affairs tbev ever attended. □ □□ In addition to all of this, there has been tremen- dous loyalty and enthusiasm shaped to practical end- in the State at large. The alumni AT T LARGE ATE have " ll " w " ea S er "Merest in getting the Legislature to give the Univer- sity adequate support. A committee from the alumni and a committee from the Trustees, both directed by Mr. R. D. W. Connor have rendered conspicuous service. A. W. McLean, J. S. Manning, J. C. Biggs, L. T. Hartsell, R. D. W. Connor, appeared with Pre- sident Graham before the appropriations committee. The Alumni Loyalty Fund received during the last few weeks subscriptions to the amount of over $300. These were in various sums, from $2 to $25, and dis- tributed all over the country, and from Cuba to China. DDD Other gifts of interest were a gift of $50 for Studies in Philology, from Dr. F. I. Carpenter, and $25 for campus improvement, from OF INTEREST ., - , J . ,, gitts are tor admirable purposes. Studies in Philology is a journal of scholarship that has won national recognition. No finer service could be done for the cause of scholarship in the South and in the country at large than through a gift that would give this journal generous and assured support. Dr. Carpenter was formerly a professor in the Uni- versity of Chicago. He writes from Santa Barbara, California, where he is spending the winter. His gift to Studies in Philology is recognition of its genu- ine merit. Mrs. Emry's gift for beautifying the campus is equally spontaneous and fine. What has been done on the campus in the past few years is splendid, but it is more a suggestion of what may be done, and a proof of what can be done, than a fulfillment. The campus can be made a place of wonderful beauty and inspiration. And it should be made so. It is our greatest natural asset. Twenty-five thousand dollars could be as profitably spent on beautifying the cam- pus as in any other possible way. During this same fine month of February, the Li- brarian was authorized to spend $1500 during the coming year on North Caroliniana and in cataloguing North Carolina items. This gift is from an alumnus, and one of the most patriotic men in North Carolina. DDD Everywhere there is evidence of abundant and in- telligent desire to help the University be what a great University ought to be, and what it cannot be unless its sons are living epistles of ils teachings. The whole case for a college is whether its alumni show qualities of efficiency, citizenship, and service that distinguish them from men not so trained. Alumni loyalty 'properly understood) is a power for progress that has as yet been scarcely touched. The college that can wake it to lull and continuous action will be a truly great institution. 118 THE ALUMNI REVIEW Why not here ? Why not establish your own con- nection in a live, inspiring fashion ? What are Uni- versity men doing in your community? There's no use to wait for a crisis: do it now! □ □□ The Review is in receipt of The Tennessee Alumnus, volume one, number one, issued by the Alumni Association of the University THE LATEST f Tennessee in January, 1917. We ADDITION , , . . ./' .. . . are glad to welcome it to the privi- leges and responsibilities of this rapidly increasing class of publications issued by Southern universities and colleges. EXTENSION LECTURES The Mecklenburg Alumni Association has ar- ranged for a series of extension lectures by members of the University faculty to be given at the Y. M. C. A. in Charlotte. Prof. A. H. Patterson filled the first appointment February lGth with an illustrated lecture, entitled, "The Story of the Stars." Other lecturers and dates of this series are as fol- lows: March 2d, Prof. E. C. Branson; March 23d, Dr. W. W. Pierson, Jr. ; April 13th, Dr. Archibald Henderson ; April 27th, Dr. Edwin Greenlaw. Dr. J. H. Johnston spoke at Gibsonville February 6th. Prof. M. C. S. Noble gave the first of a series of lectures at Rich Square on February 16th. Other lecturers and dates for Rich Square are: March 23d, Prof. G. M. McKie; April 20th, Prof. P. H. Dag- gett. CLASSES PLAN REUNIONS The classes which will hold reunions at commence- ment are: 1857, 1867, 1887, 1892, 1897, 1902. 1907, 1912 and 1916. From these classes committees have been appointed which are at work on plans for mak- ing these reunions the biggest and most successful in the University's history. Within recent years various classes have set high standards in the matter of class reunions. The class of 1902 which perhaps holds the record of all Uni- versity classes in the percentage of its members who are lawyers, has had two very successful reunions and, through a class bulletin issued regularly by R. A. Merritt, Secretary, has kept its members in touch with one another since graduation fifteen years ago. Tiie class of 1909 at its five-year reunion in 1914 came back with great spirit and took possession of tne campus for several days and of the athletic field for the presentation of "stunts" on the afternoon of Alumni Day. The class of 1905 coming back in numbers to its ten-year reunion in 1915 brought to Alma Mater a gift of $1,000 which made up the first gift to the Alumni Loyalty Fund, and was, in fact, the inspiration for the starting of this fund. The class of 1911 in the preparation for its five-year reunion held last commencement and in carrying through to a splendid conclusion a well-laid plan fur- nished the most striking instance in reunion history at Carolina. This class made provision early for se- curing a large attendance and for having a joyous time together on the "Hill." The result was a large- ly attended, altogether successful reunion which proved to be the chief feature of the Alumni Day celebration. For the reunions of this commencement nine of the University's most loyal classes are at hand. These classes from 1S57 to 1916 numbering more than 1100 men are expected to return in great numbers and to set a new record for succeeding classes. Each member of these classes is urged to plan now to be present at his reunion. The committees from various classes follow: 1857— Rob't Bingham, Jno. W. Graham, Wm. P. McLean, 1ST. B. Whitfield, G. L. Wimberly. 1867— G. M. Rose, J. G. Young, J. M. Wall. 1887— Haywood Parker, L. ¥. McGehee, W. S. Wilkinson, V. W. Long, A. M. Simmons. 1S92— C. F Harvey, Walter Murphy, Dr. Chas. Baskerville, A. M. Scales, F. L. Willcox. 1897— A. T. Allen, W. D. Carmichael, H. G. Con- nor, Jr., R. H. Graves, J. L. Everett, W. H. Mc- Nairy, R. H. Wright, L. M. McRae, J. S. Wray, Jno. H. Andrews, Lionel Weil, W. S. Myers. 1902— R. S. Hutchison, R. A. Merritt, M. H. Stacy, I. F. Lewis, A. M. Carr, J. B. Cheshire, Jr., B. S. Drane, R. 1ST. Duffy, L. J. Everett, Louis Graves, Louis Goodman, F. G. Kelly, J. E. Swain, R. R. Williams, P. H. Winston. 1907— T. H. Haywood, C. L. Weill Stahle Linn, S. H. Farabee. W. H. Duls, W. S. Dickson. J. B. James, W. A. Jenkins, A. T. Morrison, L. W. Par- ker, W. H. Pittman, C. W. Rankin, H. L. Sloan, R. C. Day, W. D. James, Stanley Winborne. 1912 — A partial list of the members of this class who are serving on a reunion committee are: C. K. Burgess, R. W. Winston, Jr., C. E. Norman, H. W. Doub, P. H. Gwyun, Jr., J. C. Lockhart, R. M. Hanes. W. H. Oldham, of the class of 1905, is superin- tendent of the Ensley blast furnace of the Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company, Ensley, Ala. He has charge, also, of the Alice furnace in Birmingham for the same corporation. THE ALUMNI REVIEW 119 -I* •!• •!• •!• ••"* •I* *!• •!• •> *I* «•*.• •> ►;• •> »> »> •!* •> »> •!• •> *> •!« •!• •!• •*• •!• »I« *I* •!* *T* •!• •!• *J* •!* *•• "l* *I* •*.• •!* *2* 'I* ••* •♦• *■♦* •»« •■I* •> *^ 4 "J* *> •!* •!• •!• *I* »!• *!• »I* •!• C 4 *I* •!* *I* *I* *I* *t* *•* *I* ••• "I* **« *I* *»* ••* •«• •*• •!• •! * ! FACTS IN REGARD TO THE INCREASED WORK OF | THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA ! DURING LAST 10-5-2 YEARS ♦ * * * * * * ♦ * * * * * * ♦ YEAR 1906-07 1911-12 1914-15 1916-17 REGULAR STUDENTS 731 797 1088 1194 SUMMER none 225 596 1050 EXTENSION WORK none very little actively started ( 1 85 Post Grad. Med. ) / 40 Correspondence \ TOTAL 731 1025 1685 2469 * ♦ * * * * * * * * The extension activities of the University cannot be represented on this table. Atten- tion is directed for these to the Director's report. They represent an immense increase in work in the past four years. * * ♦ * * * * * * * * * * ♦ * ♦ * * * * ♦ V * * * * * * * * INCREASED OPERATION OF PLANT From 5 days per week to 6 days 20% increase •>•>*►>•: ♦ Fram 82 months per year to 10 months 18% increase * * * * ♦ * Practically no increase in number of faculty members to meet this increased load. ♦ * ♦ 1910-11 11-12 12-13 13-14 14-15 15-16 1916 * Professors - - - - 35 34 35 38 38 37 36 * * Associate and Assistant * * * * Professors - - - 14 13 10 10 14 13 13 Instructors - - - - 1 3 12 14 14 14 17 17 * ♦ * * ♦ Total - - - 61 59 59 62 64 67 66 t * ♦ . .> .> .;. •:• .;. .;. .> •> .*, .;. * 4 .*, .-, .J * .;. .;. .;. * $ .-, .;. .J. .J .;, .;. .;. .;. .;. .j, .;. .;. .;. ... .;. .;. .♦. .;. .«. .;, .;. .;. .• . .;. .;. •:• .;. .;. .;. .;. .;. * .;. .;. .;. .;. * .;. £ *** *»* *«* •»• •»* •«• *I* •S V V V V V V *** 120 THE ALUMNI REVIEW THE McNAIR LECTURES Dr. Hugh Black Delivers Tenth Series of McNair Lectures Dr. Hugh Black, distinguished preacher and writer, delivered the tenth series of lectures under the Mc- Nair Foundation at the University the first week in February. Dr. Black chose as his central theme, "The Great Quest inns of Life," which he inter- preted under the several headings of Faith, Revela- tion, ami Prayer, or, as he put it, "Is God?" "Has "Should Man Say to God?" In the first lecture Dr. Black suggested this prob- lem : Given Self: To Find God. This, he declared, to be the great question of 1 a question which the book of J oh stated so clearly. lie showed the of a universe with purpose in it, declaring that the mechanistic idea of the world must lead to de- spair and disgust with life. "The purpose of the lectures," declared Dr Black, "is to give a point of view, and therefore there is nothing dogmatic about them except the assurance with which one states his own point of view. It means one's reaction to the universe, and that means religion. Faith is net simply the intellectual ac- ceptance of propositions but is an attitude of the soul and the life." The necessity of faith was clearly shown by the speaker. "We cannot state tic as one of faith on the one side and unbelief on the other. It is faith, anyway. Either you have a world without any pur- pose in it and life without any real meaning; or, on the other hand, you have a world that means some- thing and life becomes an arena of great endeavor. "Your faith means the side on which you put the I ofyourlife. In neither ease can you prove it. In the last issue, we are held between the horns of that inflexible dilemma."' The authority of law and its place in the scheme of things was vigorously set forth in the second lec- ture. "1 h ion the world is now faced with," said Dr. Black, "is this: 'Is haw possible?' Does in- ternational law any lunger mean anything .'" He laid special emphasis en the matter of retribution. "<!od hath said," he a : "there may be peace without victory but never peace without punishment. The Christian end is not peace. I can always peace by moving back to the point of least resistance. But no one wants peace with dishonor. Righteous- ness and law musl finally prevail." "Whatever the Universe is, it isn't a machine," he insisted at the beginning of the second lecture. "The mechanistic idea of the Universe is silly, for with it the higher nature of man could never have evolved. It practically means no God." The speaker linked his subject with the first chapter of (ienesis, which be declared to lie not history or science or geology, but poetry. "Mere literalism is the curse of inter- pretation. This had lived because it is not history but poetry." Law means sanctions and prohibitions, as Dr. Black interprets it. It is not an arbitrary rule im- pos d by a superior being from without. Mortal man implies moral law, for temptation forces one's hand and compels decision. The greatest problem, there- fore, in all the world is. What has (bid Said? That add merely follow his nature usually means his lower nature. We are often enticed by this ques- tion, he said: "Why should we obey any word from without when we have impulses and desires within ?" The answer is that the moral law is a matter of his- tory — the result of all the past with its rich inherit- ance. Atheism after all is disbelief in law, or deny- ing that there is any such thing as external law. The world would be nothing but a dance of unreason without a divine purpose To limit all revelation to the Bible, Dr. Black he- -. is to do injustnee to both and also to God. "(lod ceases to lie unless he continues to make him- self known. Revelation doesn't mean (bid's writing a book, though revelation may be presened in a book as well as in a spiritual life." We arc on the eve of a new spiritual interpretation of life,, the lecturer thought. The word dynamics has begun to replace the word mechanics. W all learning to think of the whole world not in terms of statics but of dynamics. Science itself i- ap- proaching a religious view of the universe, and men an- probing to the bottom of things to get a new spir- itual interpretation. In the third lecture. Dr. Black said that, "War has made men who thought there was no room for re- i feel the need of something to hold on to." In the tin of today sense is still at war with soul. "You see in history and know in experience the clash of opposing ideals. When a moral issue arises it di- vides the world. You can't straddle the line — there is no neutrality possible. We can't accept the law of the jungle where might makes right. We refuse to be- lieve in such a world, and, if need be, we refuse to live in it." Continuing, he said : "We individuals like to live THE ALUMNI REVIEW 121 in a static world, to have a settled social state. But every now and then the barriers are broken and we realize that we are not in a static world." Speaking of prayer, Dr. Black asserted that we know too little about anything to be able or to desire to choke off instincts in ourselves and others. Anyone who en- deavors to choke off these natural instincts may be playing a part more cruel than that of the dogmatist. To keep humanity from praying would be self-de- struction of the moral life. "Prayer is the attitude of yourself toward life in the mass. It is the ex- pression of one's ideals. Prayer is an attitude, a life. That constant ongoing of desire and expecta- tion in our work is prayer." Dr. Black is now professor in the Union Theo- logical Seminary. .New York. During his ten years in New York he has made himself famous on this side of the water as a preacher and writer. Before coming to America he was pastor of St. George's Free Church, Edinburgh, Scotland, where he won great renown. He is the author of many books, his best known probably being "Friendship." Dr. Black was regarded as one of the most popular S] to ap- pear in Chapel Hill under the McJMair foundation. STUDIES IN PHILOLOGY EXPANDS A Great Philological Journal at Carolina— A Gift and an Invitation The April issue of 8 in Philology will be unique in that it is to be devoted to a series of studies in Elizabethan literature and history by men who have distinguished themselves in these fields. The similar volume published last April has attracted so much attention that it is proposed to make the April issue each year an Elizabethan annual. To this year's issue some of the foremost American scholars will contribute, men like Professors Kittredge of Har- vard, Fletcher of Columbia, Manly of . Os- good of Princeton, Alden of Leland Stanford, etc. Yale will be n 1 by Professor Tucker Brooke, whose edition of th d The r Drama are well known. Mr. W. J. Lawrence, of Dublin, who has attained a great reputation [gh his two volumes on The El , writes a fascinating article on ''The Mj of Lodowick Barry," an early Irish dramatist. Mr. Lawn ly published articles in British ed journals; thai .</ should at Ameri itribution is good evi- . m in which this journal is held. Professor Alden, who has recently published the i Min "The Lyrical I i the Eliza- P . of Tri • in Philology last year enjoy- ed the distinct ion of i two page i Ion, contributes under the caption "Playeng in the Dark," an article filled Elizabethan stage condi- tions. Professor .1. Q. Adams, of Cornell, disc the Blackfriar 3tery at the time of the Disso- lot inn. with several illustrations. Professor Os- good's paper is t j he mi Spenser, and both Spenser and Milton are studied in papers ly Professors Ean- ford and Greenlaw of this University. Titles of the other papers will be announced later; the preparation of the volume has already reach ;e that renders lain that it will be one of the most important and interesting pr at American - arship. That it will command wide attention, and at credit to the University, is certain. in Philology is now entering upon the third e : ' its development. At first ii was a se- ries ol tonal issues containing monographs by ie language faculty in the University. Two years ago it became a quarterly journal, but the • printed in it were, as a rule, papers read be- ical Club by members or visiting scholars. The Lain Memorial, published a yea. drew for the Ii m the larger world of s arship outside the immediate circle of the University. But in these two years the journal has come to be d upon more and more as a vi and schol- arly periodical rather than merely an occasional uni- ty publication. The gain is obvious, b library reading rooms and seminars of almosl every ■ itution in this count :■ I, the in I ■ ire now d along with otl journals, not buried in a of "pamphl its" used only by a few grn in dissertat to: 1 1 now rani - the pi :al journ be United Stati s, and i E prop uning, why it should not in as influential as Romanic Eevii w, The Journal of English and Philology, M<><l>'rn Language Notes, Mod- ern Philology, The Classical J rs, all of them, like our own journal, of university origin. A l'f\v extracts, of many that might he given from recent letters, show what leading scholars in various 122 THE ALUMNI REVIEW institutions think of this journal. Professor F. E. Schelling of the University of Pennsylvania, says: "I have read the numbers that you have sent me with great interest. You are to be congratulated upon the support of so excellent a journal." Last Septem- ber Dr. J. Hoops, the distinguished professor of English Philology in the University of Heidelberg, wrote, "We highly appreciate the value of your Studies, and I avail myself of the opportunity to thank you sincerely for kindly forwarding them reg- ularly." Other appreciative words from great schol- ars in foreign universities might be given. Professor J. M. Manly, himself an editor and the founder of Modem Philology, published by the University of Chicago, writes, "I congratulate you on the excellence of the Studies and on your ability to publish them." Dr. Walter Miller, Dean of the Graduate School in the University of Missouri, writes as follows: Each time a new number appears, my admiration for the worthy enterprise that you are conducting in- creases. You men in philological pursuits at the University of North Carolina are doing splendid work, and it is most gratifying to see the results put in so attractive form under your own auspices. Professor Curtis Hidden Page, of Dartmouth, who is widely known as editor and author, writes : I have been much interested personally in a num- ber of the articles which have appeared in the Studies, and in fact I have read it rather oftener than most of the other similar periodicals to which I subscribe. From reviews, and from personal letters addressed to authors of essays which have appeared in the last two years, it would be easy to make further extracts, but it is better, for certain reasons that will be at once apparent, to give our space to two letters from men of great distinction who have written about the relation of such a journal to the reputation and the value of the service of the University. Professor G. L. Kittredge, of Harvard University, wrote a few weeks ago as follows: The Studies in Philology, issued by the University of North Carolina, are creditable in every way, both to your university and to American scholarship in general. They are interesting and competent, and they treat a great variety of subjects of interest to scholars and literary men. They have certainly added much to the prestige of the institution." And Professor W. P. Trent, who founded The Sewanee Review, and who before going to Columbia taught for many years in the South, writes of the value of such a journal to the South: In my judgment based on some experience, a schol- arly organ such as you edit is of great effect in wid- - ening the reputation of a university among other universities, and to a considerable extent throughout the general public, and of even greater effect in stim- ulating creative work among the faculty as well as in developing in the students and alumni a well ground- ed pride in the institution. When we add that uni- versities that do not strive to make contributions to knowledge seldom or never maintain themselves as good teaching institutions, and that contributions to knowledge are more readily made in co-operation through an authorized organ such as the Studies in Philology, we have another strong reason for cordial support by all persons whom the university touches. In short, I consider that the outlay of time and money involved in editing and publishing such an organ as the Studies is amply justified, and I take pleasure in adding that a personal perusal of the Studies has left me convinced of its distinct scholarly value. I con- gratulate you and the University upon the success of the publication, and I wish it continued prosperity. With this record and with the certainty that, grauted the assistance of friends of the University, the way is open for us to have here one of the great scholarly journals of America, it should be necessary only to state the need in order to secure financial support. Members of the Philological Club repre- senting both classical and modern languages have im- portant work under way which should be published in this journal and not elsewhere. Plans are being made for other special and unique services similar to that rendered by the forthcoming Elizabethan miscel- lany. With the increase in the number of graduate students in the language departments is the certainty of securing from young Southern scholars essays worthy of publication here rather than in the North. A writer in Science recently defined a university as a collection of men at work solving the problems that our universe presents and standing ready to teach to others the methods of such analysis. The scholar who deals with language and literature may not pro- duce results that have the apparent and immediate application that one finds in much scientific re- search, but the effect on teaching, on the student, and on the spiritual life of the nation is not less abiding in the one than in the other. As Professor Trent re- marks, "Universities that do not strive to make con- tributions to knowledge seldom or never maintain themselves as good teaching institutions." A re- viewer, speaking of a recent issue of the journal, referred to it as an illustration of "scholarship with vision." For this sort of scholarship it stands. It is the only philological journal in the South. It is the duty of friends of scholarship in the South to rally to its support. The April issue, to put the matter THE ALUMNI REVIEW 123 concretely, will cost ranch more than the resources of the journal can afford. There is no endowment; the income is derived from the University's appropria- tion, from the subscriptions paid by libraries, and from private gifts. A Chicago business man of scholarly training and instincts, who was never con- nected in any way with the University, has become so interested in the journal that he has given fifty dollars toward the expense of the April issue. If Studies in Philology can so impress a man who has never been in Chapel Hill and who has no special in- terest in higher education in the South, is it too much to expect that some of the alumni may respond 'to this invitation to help ? Every cent of income is spent for printing and distribution ; there are no ex- penses for editing; the larger the income, the larger and more influential the journal. Such subscriptions to the current expense of publication would be a very real help, and the attention of the alumni is called to this excellent opportunity. But the greatest need is an endowment fund that would insure the perma- nence of this important part of the service rendered by the University. Are there not friends or alumni with the vision to see how through such an endow- ment the fame of the University may be widened, the energies of scholars who are charged with the duty of teaching the records of the spiritual history of the race may be quickened, and a series of oc- casional studies may develop into one of the great scholarly journals of the world. COMMENTS FROM THE PRESS The Press of the Nation Finds Carolina Doing Significant Work From a dozen or more editorials appearing in the leading papers of the nation, the Review reprints, in whole or part, a number of clippings which will be of special interest to the alumni and to all North Carolinians who are interested in the growth and widening influence of their University. The extracts are in the main taken from reviews of the recent re- port of President Graham to the Trustees and relate directly to some phase of the University's work pre- sented in it. The Coming South in Education It needs no unusual clearness of vision to see that the South should be the centre of the next great for- ward movement in American education. Some of our Southern States have left so much room among them for progress, that nearly all men know the un- filled chambers exist. But it is a different thing to feel already the currents of activity moving, and In share in the resolute purpose which can keep them moving until the void shall be filled by real works of progress. Of such is the vision which Dr. Edward K. Graham, the president of the University of North Carolina, possesses. It appears in each page of his annual report to the institution's trustees. Looking ahead to the place which the South should come to hold in the sun, it makes little difference to President Graham that North Carolina is giving its university far less support than other States are providing to their colleges, or that his institution has only $245 of working income per student whereas Arizona State University has $1,290. The material support must come and will mmr, as soon as the people of North Carolina are rightly awakened to their educational needs. It is the approach of this awakening which President Graham observes, and he makes it precede even his strong plea for money. What he sees first of all is the new eagerness among his students, and among the people at large in a State which in five years has increased its attendance at public high schools from 5,000 to 10,000, and which in 1916 sent 1,050 students to the University's summer school, whereas in 1907 it sent thirty-six. Even these positive assets are of scant concern to President Graham in their aspects merely as a ma- terial record. He remarks: "Satisfaction in the rapidly growing activities and increased size of an institution should depend not on the fact of growth, but on the nature of growth." The educator who keeps this in mind is the man who will do the con- structive work of making an educational institution truly great. It is the spirit which one would expect to see revealed by Dr. Graham. He had prefaced his whole report with a warning remark that no record of facts, of material and visible activities, could set forth their inner nature, the tone and temper of their spirit, which after all were the main fact. And so perhaps the record does not specifically sot them forth, yet it reflects them in line after line. It is nowhere more clear than in Dr. Graham's para- graph concerning his faculty : The center of all these university activities is the university faculty. The faculty is the creating and continuing source of all that has real value in the institution's work. . . No divinity hedges about it, exempting it from the normal laws of growth and decay. The group of persons that compose! it, is unfortunately so merged and levelled by standardization as some- what to lose individuality from the outside point 124 THE ALUMNI REVIEW of view; but the faculty group is made up of nothing but individuals, each unit, a positive or negative factor in the sum of the institution's whole present worth; its genius for investiga- tion, its power to teach and to impregnate youth with its passion for truth and the method of truth-seeking — in a word, for that service that is the soul of progress in democracy. Commonplaces these things may be — Dr. Graham says they are himself — but the moment common- places of this sort are taken merely as commonplaces, that moment is the first coming of an unprogressive complacency, the beginning of the mastery of the things of a university over its spirit, and the overturn of that dominance which the purpose should have over the things entrusted it to operate and control. All too little of these eternal verities is being ex- pressed in the annual reports of the typical univer- sity presidents in the East. The head of a large uni- versity recently filled his report with an outline of the ways in which he was going to make his institu- tion the "world's greatest," and discussed them near- ly all in terms of money and numbers and buildings. What President Graham stresses is not these, though he seeks them most earnestly. His is the construc- tive vision which sees that it has a real job to ac- complish, and is not deluded into thinking that it has merely a stewardship over great things" done in the past, or that a compilation of any number of facts can ever be more than a preface to actual thinking. And in a State that seems broadly awakening to its need of education, it will need only Graham and a few other leaders to make of this vision of the South's coming educational progress a reality. Becoming such, it may give some Northern jugglers in statis- tics a beneficent jolt. — Boston Transcript. An Exchange With the South The next logical development of the exchange pro- fessorship idea in our colleges should be the establish- ment of an exchange between institutions of the North and the South. Harvard has already its ex- changes with Europe and with a group of four West- ern colleges. It is time that we should give like recognition to a great section of our own country which has several institutions that are the peers of many in the North. It is all too little recognized here what merit such institutions as the University of Virginia, Tulane, and Vanderbilt represent. They can receive professors from the North in all respects on a plane of equality, which, if tipped at all, is like- ly to move in the South's favor, by the grace of that refinement of culture for which Southerners of po- sition have ever been famous. It is false to assume that the material problems of reconstruction after the war ever obscured from the minds of the most intelli- gent Southerners those things of the mind and the . spirit which make for the most enduring growth. On the contrary, possessed of a great tradition in educa- tion, they have clung to it firmly. Yet it is true that the popular recrudescence of this tradition has had to bide its time. Today an educa- tional guide to the South cannot concern itself too ex- clusively with the great institutions before mention- ed. They merely stand among the leaders in a sec- tion where even the masses of the people are newly turning their faces to the light of education. There has been a great increase in the numbers of students enrolled in the high schools. University extension work and summer-school courses are attracting wide- spread attention. It is not a matter of numbers alone. In the spirit of these students, there is also a new eagerness, remarked not only in the lower grades but more particularly by the presidents of Southern State universities. Reports of signal developments come, for instance, from such a university as" that of North Carolina, which perpetuates a distinguished tradition as the first State university ever establish- ed in this country, and whose graduates have long been attaining high rank in Northern professional schools. Its president, Dr. "Edward K. Graham, ex- presses the confidence that the new demand expressed in the South will sweep away all material obstacles now in the path of determined progress. There would be then the evenly balanced values of contact with institutions of high rank, to be gleaned from an exchange with the South, and also for our professors the great value of contact with students, in some of the South's institutions, far more eager to learn than are those Northern students who scarcely know why they are in college. The authorities would be found busy with the enduringly important first principles of education in such institutions, and not obsessed with administrative detail and petty refine- ments of method. This would be an experience of value to some of our Northern professors. And if they themselves taught, and taught finely, in their Southern chairs, they would have a large opportun- ity for correcting some of the notions that have grown up about New England, to the detriment of our re- lations with many another section of the country. We might hope to achieve a new rating also in the eyes of those Southern professors who would come to the North in exchange. Their gracious courtesy has ever been open to fresh convictions. If exchange professorships can be arranged with the South we shall have much reason for mutual congratulation. — Boston Transcript. A Beacon Light For All the World In Spirit of Southern College When a prominent educator of the South takes up an analysis of the educational work of his institution from a standpoint of what it is doing for its own State; when he asks whether the courses of instruc- tion are such as to enlighten the students on the po- THE ALUMNI REVIEW 125 litical and economic requirements of their section of the country, and when he points out manifest oppor- tunities for the State to contribute more generously in a work which in the end will do more toward the development of its resources than any other one en- terprise, the Manufacturers Record rejoices. It is in line with the new era, and it signalizes the arrival of reinforcements of the highest order. Reference is made to the annual report of Presi- dent Edward K. Graham, of the University of Xorth Carolina. President Graham begins with the ad- mi rable preface that his report is not made in the spirit of official necessity nor as a special pleader for his institution. lie asks of the trustees an interest in the review of the work of the university, and through them "the attention of all men to whom the large and permanent welfare of the State is au active concern/' Thenceforward President Graham re- mains true to his text. * ******* This clear enunciation of a great Southern edu- cator should appeal to the South. It has already been the subject of no little comment in official cir- cles in Washington. If it be true that the preserva- tion of the democratic spirit in the South has gone hand in hand with a prejudice against endowment of colleges, the feeling should be removed. Their place in determining the South's development toward its rightful destiny, in effecting its enlightenment on .every phase of political matters in their relation to economic and commercial conditions and the awaken- ing of an intelligent interest therein have seldom been so logically and convincingly set forth as in President Graham's report. — Manufacturers Record. Education in the South President Graham, of the University of Xorth ' larolina, must have been studying the income tax re- turns when he made up his recent annual report. His assertion that there are now 100 men in Xorth Caro- lina who could, without personal sacrifice, make im- portant contributions to the support of the university attracts attention in a new way to the material de- velopment of the Southern States in the past decade. It is the equivalent of the statement that there are 100 Tarheels liable to the payment of substantial Bur-taxes to the Federal government upon incomes which have passed beyond the limitations of lean years. North Carolina and the South, whose development she typifies, are to be congratulated. She lias fur- nished new justification for commending the South to young men as the land of opportunity. It is to be regretted, however, that the State and her especially well-to-do citizens have not utilized their wealth more liberally in behalf of education. This short- eoming is evidenced in President Graham's appeal to his trustees that they direct the attention of men of wealth in the State to the university's work and its needs with the view of removing the restraints placed upon its usefulness by the meagerness of the State appropriations. It is true that equality of opportunity, which was the star before the eyes of the founders of our govern- ment, is realizable only through education. In the South a pure and undefiled trust in a democracy has been fostered along with a prejudice against endow- ment of colleges. The opinion prevailed that the educational institutions would be freer from the in- fluences of corporate wealth and of undemocratic ideas if they relied completely upon the State for their support. The spectacle would be a saddening one were we to find the Southern States foregoing this conviction out of reluctance to put their hands in their pockets. — Washington Post. Source of Southern Educational Revival The summer-school idea is older than is usally thought. Nor was it the product of an up-to-date Western college or university, reaching out for some- thing new and startling. The first summer school in this country was held at the University of Xorth Carolina in 1877. The State appropriated $2,000 for it, and it ran for eight summers with an average attendance of 300. Then it lapsed, because the ap- propriation was divided in order to have sectional summer schools and thus make it easier for students in various parts of the State to get the advantages of the innovation. But it had done its work. The pres- ent-day summer school may be a grand combination of study and sightseeing, with a drawing-power out of proportion to its merely scholastic opportunities. From her summer school, on the contrary, together with other educational activities of the decade in which it began, came Xorth Carolina's wonderful educational revival of a few years ago and the stimu- lus which stirred the whole South. Seriousness must have been much more the note of those early summer sessions than it is of most of those today. Whether it would have been better to keep on with the one school, instead of dividing into three or four, with the hope of building up a summer school of national fame, is a debatable question. The effect of the division, however, was not fatal, if we may judge from the increase in the attendance at Xorth Caro- lina's summer school from 99 in 1910 to 1,050 in 1916.— N. V. Evening Post. GLEE CLUB TAKES TRIP On February 12th the University Glee Club re- turned from its longest spring trip. Goldsboro, Xew Bern, Washington, Wilson, Roclq Mount, and Ral- eigh were visited. At the first five places dances were given and everywhere the hospitality of the alumni and everyone else opened the doors of homes and club rooms to the musicians. 126 THE ALUMNI REVIEW THE ALUMNI REVIEW Issued monthly except in July, August, and September, by the Gen- eral Alumni Association of the University of North Carolina. Board of Publication The Review is edited by the following Board of Publication: Louis R. Wilson, '99 Editor Associate Editors: Walter Murphy, '92; Harry Howell, '95; Archibald Henderson, '98; W. S. Bernard, '00; J. K. Wilson, '05; Louis Graves, '02; F. P. Graham, '09; Kenneth Tanner, '11. E. R. Rankin, '13 Managing Editor Subscription Price Single Copies $0.15 Per Year 1.00 Communications intended for the Editor should be sent to Chapel Hill, N. C; for the Managing Editor, to Chapel Hill, N. C. All communications intended f-r publication must be accompanied with signatures if they are to receive consideration. OFFICE OF PUBLICATION, CHAPEL HILL, N. C. Entered at the Postoffice at Chapel Hill, N. C, as second class matter. man spelling, which is now almost universally adopt- ed, is used throughout this text. THE UNIVERSITY IN LETTERS The appearance of the third edition, revised, of Gustav Freytag's "Die Journalisten (comedy in four acts, D. C. Heath & Co., 1916), edited with intro- duction, notes, and vocabulary by Professor Walter Dallam Toy, invokes irresistible revelations of one's own college clays. This popular text was edited by Professor Toy first in 1889. A second, revised edi- tion, appeared in 1901. In the present, third, edition the critical apparatus is almost entirely rewritten. The introduction gives a brief account of Freytag's life, emphasizing his ardent patriotism and his sym- pathy with the liberal movement in politics which began in Germany about the middle of the 19th cen- tury. This is followed by a brief survey of Freytag's literary activity, with a characterization of his most important works. A full list of Freytag's work, a com- plete set of which are to be found in our University li- brary, is appended to this section. Next, there is a somewhat extended discussion of Freytag's dramatic masterpiece, "Die Journalisten." After carefully training the genesis of the comedy, the editor de- scribes in an interesting way the conditions which made the success of this production legitimate and almost inevitable. Since 1S54, indeed, "Die Journal- isten" has maintained itself uninterruptedly on the stage of the best German theaters. Last, there is a summary of the action of the play. It may be remark- ed further, in regard to this model edition, that to the text of one hundred and twenty-eight duo-deeimo pages are added about twenty pages of explanatory notes and a complete vocabulary. The official Ger- An experiment of some pedagogical interest is at- tempted in "A First Book in English" (Southern Publishing Company, Dallas, Texas), by Alfred Allan Kern, and Stuart Grayson Noble (U. N. C, '07). The three subjects — grammar, composition, and literature — are treated as merely three inter-re- lated divisions of the same subject, English. The book embraces a year's work in the high school in these subjects. In the "Contents," Part I carries no title, for some singular reason ; while Part II carries the title "Composition." The book might be de- scribed as snippets of grammar and composition, uni- formly interspersed with sugar plums of literature. In this way, the authors hope to enable the student to avoid having to buy separate books on grammar, com- position, and literature. There is something comical, certainly, in reading the "contents" of part one: Rip Van Winkle ; Letter- Writing ; Nouns ; The Legend of Sleepy Hollow; Pronouns; The Spectre Bride- groom; Adjectives; Christmas; Verbs; etc. Certain- ly the authors are striking at an important matter; to make the student live in three worlds simultan- eously ; or rather, to make him or her feel that these three worlds are all part of the same universe. Many excellent injunctions and admonitions are found, especially, in the chapters, entirely simple and prac- tical, dealing with words, narration, description, and exposition. In the "Use of Slang," for example, the student is given quite a list of slang sentences and asked to substitute a better expression for each slang expression. One arresting illustration will appeal to every heart: "How cute she looked as she waved her handkerchief from the window !" A feature of the work consists in the fact that this is one of the first texts to adopt Universal Nomenclature, recom- mended by the National Educational Association and the Modern Language Association. Among the "Let- ters from Leading Educators," issued by the publish- ers, appears the following quotation from a letter by President Graham : "The premises on which the 'First Book in English' is planned are absolutely cor- rect, and the scheme of the book itself is sound." A distinctive feature of the Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society, Vol. xxxii, No. .3 (De- cember, 1916) is the leading article: "A Glance at the Zoology of To-day," by Professor H. V. Wilson. This is a valuable by-product of the exchange lecture- ship, being the address delivered, as Southern Ex- THE ALUMNI REVIEW 127 change Lecturer, 1915-6, before the students of the University of Virginia, April 4, 1916. This same paper has also appeared in the Scientific Monthly (September, 1916). It is a must delightful and simple survey, accompanied by acute observations, of the field of modern zoology, with frequent allusions to Mendel and to Haecke. In his "List of Sylphidae of North Carolina" (pp. 95-112, inclusive), Mr. C. L. Metcalf has made use, for these records, of the col- lections of the Division of Entomology of the State Department of Agriculture, of Mr. ('. S. Brimley, and of Mr. A. II. Manee from Southern Pines. Dr. William deB. MacNider's paper, the outcome of re- searches aided by a grant from the fund for scientific research of the American Medical Association, which is entitled, "On the Occurrence and Distribution of Potassium in Normal and Nephrophatic Kidney Cells," is reprinted from fne Proceedings of the So- ciety for Experimental Biology and Medicine, 1915, xiii, 10-12. The record is made of the microcbemical demonstration of potassium in the kidney cells of thirty-four dogs. It is another contribution to the great problem being so ably studied in our labora- tories by Dr. MacNider and the men under his di- rection. The number concludes with an extended re- view of Professor William Cain's path-breaking work : "Earth Pressure, Retaining Walls and Bins" (John Wiley i: Sons, Inc., New York, 1916). In this book, the factor of cohesion in earth is for the first time fully recognized and scientifically ti'eated. However, the reviewer points out that Professor Cain's book is unique in respect of being the first work in any language to develop a general graphical method for the treatment of the phenomenon of earth pressure. As the result of Professor Cain's work, pointing out the need for extensive experimentation in the friction and cohesion of earths, the sub-com- mittee on earth pressures of the American Society of Civil Engineers have offered to carry on the ex- perimentation so urgently needed at the Pittsburgh laboratory of the U. S. Bureau of Standards. S. R. Winters, formerly in charge of the press ser- vice of the University and at present a writer of special magazine articles on the development of the South, is a contributor to the Independent of Febru- ary fourth. The article deals with the public health work carried on in Durham County by the State Board of Health. issue of The Nation. Mr. Foerster's conclusions are that to Whittier nature meant "a medicinal power whose sovereign virtue was the sense of peace and uprightness that it imparted, and it meant further, in his contemplative hours, a source of analogies with the last mysteries of life." The article is also inter- esting because it distinguishes between Whittier's "solid presentation of the dangers of the nature cult" and the surrender to these dangers by Whitman, Jeffries, and even Wordsworth and Thoreau. Of Whitman as a nature poet Professor Foerster has written in the current number of the Publications of the Modern Language Association. Both of these articles give testimony to Professor Foerster's crit- ical acumen, and help to explain why the editor of The Dial, a journal which ranks with The Nation as an authority in current criticism, recently named him, with other well known American critics, as a member of its regular staff. The long-awaited biography of O. Henry, North Carolina's great short-story writer, by Dr. C. Al- phonso Smith, formerly of this University, has re- cently appeared from the press of Doubleday, Page & Co. It is given extended review in a recent (Dec. 28, 1916) issue of the Dial (Chicago) by Dr. Archi- bald Henderson. PRESIDENT RIDDICK INAUGURATED On February 22nd, while the Review was in press, President Wallace Carl Riddick, A. B. 1885, was formally inaugurated as President of the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. President Graham, of the University, participated in the inaugural ceremonies, being the speaker repre- senting the State institutions. Dr. C. L. Raper rep- resented the University as the official delegate of the faculty. Professor Foerster, of the Department of English. is the author of an interesting article on "Nature in Whittier," which was a feature article in a recent FOURTH ROAD INSTITUTE Thi' fourth annual Road Institute of North Caro- lina, held at the University last week, was attended by 130 engineers, patrolmen, and otners interested in road building, who came from 42 counties in the slate and from outside. Those directing the Insti- tute pronounced it the most successful so far held. A practical turn was given to the entire meeting, and all the speeches and papers read treated different problems of administration, maintenance, patroling, and choice of routes. Some of the best highway engi- neers and road experts in the country appeared on the several programs. One county highway engineer brought 15 patrolmen with him. 128 THE ALUMNI REVIEW TRUSTEES HOLD JANUARY MEETING On January 25th the Board of Trustees held its regular January meeting in the office of Governor T. W. Bickett, at Raleigh, and recommended an an- nual maintenance appropriation of $105,000.00 to meet the needs of the University in the next two years. Governor Bickett presided at the meeting as chairman of the board, which reviewed the report of the president, reviewed the budget, and made recom- mendations. The needs of the institution were outlined as fol- lows: The completion of the plant that supplies light, heat and power to the University; provision for the deficit in maintenance for the past two years ; the provision of such new dormitory accommodations as will provide at least partial remedy for the con- dition that less than half of the student body can room on the campus ; the renovation of the old dorm- itories; a laboratory for physics and allied sciences; definite and adequate provision for the summer school and the extension work ; a recitation building ; neces- sary additions to the present teaching staff ; addition- al departmental equipment and provision for in- creased cost of operating material; increased salary for members of the present staff; remodelling the chapel to provide an adequate auditorium for chapel and other University exercises; a geological labora- tory. These were presented as actual urgent needs; but the budget proposed does not provide for immediate relief. It provides for carrying forward the work of the institution on the present basis of operation and for reasonable growth and strength. A maintenance appropriation of $165,000.00 was recommended and strongly endorsed by the board. On the side of per- manent improvements which for many years have been urgently needed the board took the position that the clearly wise policy would be the adoption now by the State of a definite building program to cover a period of five or ten years. A gift of $20,000 from the late Dr. Joseph Hewitt to establish a loan fund for needy students was an- nounced and a committee appointed to draft rules and regulations for its administration. It was also ordered that tablets to the memory of Col. Thomas Kenan, Richard H. Battle, Col. A. B. Andrews, Col. Paul B. Means, Major W. A. Guthrie and Col. W. H. S. Burgwyn be erected in Memorial Hall. Resolutions were adopted in regard to the services of the late Henry A. Gilliam, and a committee ap- pointed to draw similar resolutions in memory of Major W. A. Guthrie, for many years one of the most ~ active members of the Board of Trustees. A request from certain students that steps be taken to establish a voluntary military corps for training of reserve officers was referred to the executive com- mittee with power to act on recommendation of the University faculty. Messrs. Victor S. Bryant, William P. Bynum, Julian S. Carr, Josephus Daniels, and R. D. W. Connor were elected members of the executive com- mittee for a term of three years. The following members of the Board of Trustees were present: E. A. Abernethy, J. O. Atkinson, Victor S. Bry- ant, Perrin Busbee, W. H. S. Burgwyn, W. P. By- num, Bennehan Cameron, J. M. Carson, R. D. W. Connor, Fred J. Coxe, John S. Cuningham, W. R. Dalton, R. A. Doughton, R. C. Ellis, W. N. Everett, John W. Graham, James A. Gray, Jr., J. Bryan Grimes, L. T. Hartsell, C. E. Harvey, M. J. Haw- kins, John Sprunt Hill, J. W. Hinsdale, Jr., F. P. Hobgood, W. Stamps Howard, R. S. Hutchison, J. Y. Joyner, John C. Lamb, R. H. Lewis, P. J. Long, A. G. Mangum, J. S. Manning, Walter Mur- phy, James D. Proctor, R. B. Redwine, George M. Rose, A. M. Scales, Charles Lee Smith, W. F. Tay- lor, T. D. Warren, Leslie Weil, W. T. Whitsett, J. K. Wilson, Graham Woodard, Charles W. Worth. President E. K~. Graham' was also present. FIFTEEN LAW STUDENTS RECEIVE LICENSE Twelve students from the University Law School received license to practice in North Carolina at the examination conducted by the State Supreme Court in February. In addition three alumni not going direct from the University Law School received li- cense. The list follows : K. J. Nixon, New Bern; Wm. Graves, Mt. Airy; R. L. Brinkley, Elm City; W. L. Thorpe, Rocky Mount ; H. G. Winslow, Hertford ; H. H. Crawford, Waynesville ; A. L. Ramsey, Franklin ; J. R. Den- ton, Tarboro ; I. R. Williams, Faison ; J. F. Hackler, Sparta ; L. B. Angel, Franklin ; T. W. Ruffin, Louis- burg; G. S. Dixon, Beaufort; H. S. Fenner, Hali- fax ; Avery Gaylord, Plymouth. Of this number, six have located as follows: Wm. Graves, Mt. Airy ; K. J. Nixon, New Bern ; W. L. Thorpe, Rocky Mount ; I. R. Williams, Dunn ; J. R. Denton, Salisbury; H. H. Crawford, Waynesville. J. M. Parker, of the class of 1916, president of the Y. M. C. A. last year, and for three years a member of the Carolina football team, is engaged in Y. M. C. A. work at the Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Col. THE ALUMNI REVIEW 129 THE GENERAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION of the UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA Officers of the Association Julian S. Carr, '66 President E. R. Rankin, '13 Secretary THE ALUMNI E. Ft. RANKIN 13, Alumni Editor GREENSBORO The Guilford County Alumni Association held its annual banquet February 10th at the State Normal College, Greens- boro. There was a large attendance, 75 persons being present and the occasion was a very successful and enjoyable one. A. L. Brooks, of the local bar; presided as toastmaster. The speakers were : C. C. Frazier, Judge W. P. Bynum, and Prof. E. C. Branson, from the University. Judge Bynum spoke on "The Needs of the University" and advocated a bond issue of one million dollars by the State for the growth, welfare and development of the University and the State Normal College. Such a bond issue, Judge Bynum said, would be not only a wise increase of investment but would prove in his opinion, early exceedingly popular. Prof. Branson gave the alumni an outline of accomplishments of the Uni- versity in its State-wide service. He emphasized the pressing need of more money, of greater State fostering. His address was heard with keen interest by the alumni. THE CLASSES 1881 — Dr. L. L. Mial, a native of Wake County, is a physician of New York City, with offices 139 W. 12th St. — J. D. Gunter lives in Sanford. He is president of the Lee County Alumni Association. 1882 — Rev. F. N. Skinner is an Episcopal minister at Ridgeway, S. C. — M. C. Braswell has a large general mercantile, cotton, and peanut business at Battleboro. He is one of Edgecombe County's leading citizens. — Thos. D. Stokes is farming at Elk Hill, Va. — R. T. Bryan is president of a Baptist Seminary in China. — C. W. Worth is head of the Cape Fear Machine Co., Wil- mington. — Dr. G. W. Whitsett is a dentist of Greensboro. 1883 — Ira T. Turlington, formerly superintendent of Johnston County schools, and later superintendent at Mount Airy, is a patient at the State Sanatorium. He hopes soon to be on his feet again. — N. F. Heitman is a successful lawyer of Kansas City, Missouri. His offices are 734 New York Life Building. — Geo. D. Pool is a farmer, living near Elizabeth City. 1885 — Rev. J. A. Bryan is pastor of the Third Presbyterian Church of Birmingham, Alabama. 1886 — Rev. N. H. D. Wilson, formerly pastor of St. Paul's Church at Goldsboro, has taken up his new duties as pastor of the Methodist church at Louisburg. — F. F. Patterson holds an important position on the editorial staff of the Baltimore Sun. He has been with this paper for a number of years. 1888 — H. A. London, Jr., is engaged in the insurance business at Charlotte. 1889 — W. M. Curtis is secretary and treasurer of the -Greensboro College for Women. — S. H. Kell is farming near Fort Mill, S. C. 1890 — H. J. Darnall holds a professorship in the department of modern languages of the University of Tennessee at Knox- ville. — Geo. P. Howell, a member of the Corps of Engineers of the U. S. Army, has recently been promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel. He is at present stationed at Brownsville, Texas, with the troops on the Mexican border. 1891 — The marriage of Mrs. Lily Kenan Flagler and former Judge Robert Worth Bingham, LLB. '97, occurred Novem- ber 15th in New York City. They live in Louisville, Ky., where Mr. Bingham is engaged in the practice of law. — Win, Henry Wills, a native of Halifax County, and at one time a resident of Greensboro, is engaged in journalistic work in New York City. His address is 6 Harrison St. — Geo. E. Ransom, of Weldon, who has large farming in- terests in Halifax and Northampton counties along the Roa- noke River, is president of the Catawba Trust Company, a newly organized banking institution at Hickory. 1892 — Dr. L. H. Merritt is a successful physician at Forest City, Arkansas. 1893 — R. T. Wyche is a well-known lecturer and story teller. — Dr. F. M. Clarke is a physician of Middleton. — Alf S. Barnard, quarter-back on the famous 1892 football team, has recently removed from Asheville, where he had been practicing law since his graduation, and relocated in New York City. He has formed a partnership under the style of Massey, Barnard, and Lowe, at 61 Broadway. 1894 — Dr.- Owen Kenan is driving one of the American Field Ambulances at the battle line near Verdun, France. He has been praised by General Blondin, commanding a French di- vision at Verdun, for courage and devotion. — Jesse M. Oldham is a prominent insurance man of Char- lotte, being general agent of the New York Life Insurance Co. He is a former president of the Mecklenburg County Alumni Association. — Dr. Chas. Roberson, a native of Chapel Hill, is a well- known and successful physician of Greensboro. — Epsey W. Brawley is president of the Dixie Cotton Mill Co., at Mooresville. — T. G. Cooper, the original "Cherokee" Cooper, is in the lumber business in Asheville. 1896 — M. B. Aston is general manager of the Storm Cloud Mining Co., Goldficld, Nevada. — Jas. A. Gwyn is with the Arlington Company, 725 Broad- way, New York City. 130 THE ALUMNI REVIEW — A. H. London, of Pittsboro, has been elected secretary and treasurer of the J. M. Odell Mfg. Co., which operates a cot- ton mill at Bynum, to succeed his father, the late Capt. W. L. London. — R. T. Wills is secretary and treasurer of the Wills Book and Stationery Co., Greensboro. — Andrew Syme is traveling freight agent of the Seaboard Air Line Railway with headquarters at Raleigh. 1897 — David J. Craig is secretary and treasurer of the Henkel- Craig Live Stock Co., Statesville. — Dr. Wm. Starr Myers is assistant professor of History and Politics in Princeton University. He is a popular lecturer before the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences. He is at present giving a course of lectures before the Institute on "American Political History." 1898 — F. W. Miller is superintendent of the Semet-Salvay Co., Holt, Ala. — Miss Lila B. Markham and Mr. W. J. Brogden were mar- ried January 9th at the home of the bride's mother in Dur- ham. Mr. Brogden was a member of the first debating team to represent Carolina in victorious intercollegiate contest. He is a member of the Durham bar and served as the very pop- ular mayor of Durham from 1911 until 1915. — Dr. Charles Hughes Johnston is professor of secondary education in the University of Illinois at Urbana. He is editor of the Journal of School Administration, one of the leading educational publications of the country, and is the author of several books. — Cameron F. MacRae is U. S. Title Examiner for the Pisgah Forest area and is located at Asheville. 1899 J. E. Latta. Secretary, 207 E. Ohio St., Chicago, 111. ■ — Dr. John Roy Williams is a physician at Asheville. — G. R. Swink is a member of the law firm of Baird and Svvink, Norfolk, Va. — Dr. Joel D. Whitaker, a specialist of Indianapolis, is ex- pected to visit friends in Raleigh soon. — Robert H. Sykes, of Durham, has accepted the position of assistant attorney-general of North Carolina, with offices in Raleigh. 1900 W. S. Bernard, Secretary, Chapel Hill, N. C. — Isaac F. Harris is a chemist located 233 Harrison. Ave., New Brunswick, N. J. — Rev. T. A. Cheatham is rector of the Episcopal Church in Pinehurst. He preached the University sermon for No- vember. — The marriage of Miss Adelaide Avery Erwin and Mr. Wil- liam Elliott White occurred January 3rd at the home of the bride's mother in Morganton. They live in Graham where Mr. White is secretary and treasurer of the Travora Mfg. Company. — Zeb V. Long, Law '00, is a member of the legal firm of Long and Scott, Statesville. — Luther M. Carlton, Law '00, is an attorney of Roxboro. 1901 Dr. J. G. Murphy, Secretary, Wilmington, N. C. — J. T. Dortch practices law in Oklahoma City. Okla., with offices 402-3 State National Bank Building. — Rev. N. G. Newman is a member of the faculty of Defiance College, Defiance, Ohio. — The engagement of Miss Ellen Phifer Gibson, of Concord, and Mr. Cameron McRae, of Chapel Hill, has been an- nounced. The wedding will occur in February. — J. W. Turrentine is to supervise the work carried on by the U. S. Bureau of Standards in demonstrating on a com- mercial scale the various processes for extracting potash and by-products from kelp. The plant will be established on the coast of Southern California. — J. S. Atkinson is a prominent business man of Elkin, in- terested in the mercantile business and real estate. He is also a member of the firm of the Elkin Light and Power Co. — A. E. Woltz, of the law firm of Mangum and Woltz, Gas- tonia, has recently added cotton manufacturing to his activ- ities and is secretary and treasurer of the Lloyd Cotton Mills, of Gastonia. — G. V. Cowper is a prominent attorney of Kinston, a former president of the Lenoir County Alumni Association. — Wm. Davis is farming near St. Pauls. — Dr. J. K. Hall and his associates have been very successful in the operation of a hospital near Richmond, known as Westbrook Sanatorium. 1902 R. A. Mereitt, Secretary, Greensboro, N. C. — The marriage of Miss Bessie Payne and Mr. Thomas C. Worth took place recently in Norfolk, Va. They live in Dur- ham where Mr. Worth is vice-president of the Durham Loan and Trust Co. — Brent S. Drane is a member of the civil engineering firm of Blair and Drane, Charlotte. — V. E. Whitaker is engaged in railway traffic business with the Alabama Great Southern system at Birmingham, Ala. — Dr. J. W. Tankersley, Med. '02, formerly a physician of Greensboro, is now located in Wilmington. — Dr. C. O. Abernethy is a successful physician of Raleigh with offices in the Citizens National Bank building. 1903 N. W. Walker, Secretary, Chapel Hill, N. C. — The engagement of Miss Douglas Hill and Mr. James Lathrop Morehead, both of Durham, has been announced. — W. A. Graham, of Warrenton, is serving on the Mexican border as captain of the Warren Guards. — H. R. Weller is with Garrett & Co., Norfolk, Va. — B. I. Tart is a bank cashier at Four Oaks. — Chas. E. Johnson, Jr., deals in stocks, bonds, and insurance, with offices in the Commercial National Bank building, Raleigh. — Dr. H. Bailey Chalfaut, Med. '03, practices medicine at Mullica Hill, N. J. — The marriage of Miss Josephine Mackay and Mr. Thomas Lenoir Gwyn took place recently at Christ Church, Raleigh. J. A. Gwyn, '96, of New York, was best man at the wedding; J. W. Hinsdale, Jr., '00, of Raleigh, and G. L. Jones, '03, of Franklin, were groomsmen. Mr and Mrs. Gwyn live at Springdale, where Mr. Gwyn has farming and livestock in- terests. — Robert P. Howell, a member of the corps of engineers of the U. S. Army, has recently been promoted to the rank of major. He is stationed at Honolulu. - — Curtis Bynum, who organized the White Pine Creameries in Asheville, has consolidated the business with the White Pine Creamery Co. ; and having secured his law license, has entered into a partnership with Thomas Settle in Asheville. He won a doctorate in law at the University of Chicago. THE ALUMNI REVIEW 131 1904 T. F. Hickerson, Secretary, Chapel Hill, N. C. — Albert L. Cox, of Raleigh, has taken up his duties as judge of the Superior Court, fourteenth circuit, to which position he was appointed by Governor Craig in December. He held his first court at Lillington early in January. — Rev. Geo. W. Oldham is a Presbyterian minister at Yancey- ville. — Julian Taliaferro, of Charlotte, is connected with the Leaks- ville Woolen Mills at Spray. — Gray Archer is a bank cashier at Phoenix, Arizona. — A. Hall Johnson, after serving as solicitor of the old four- teenth judicial district, moved to Asheville about three years ago. He has recently entered a law firm whose name is Merrimon, Adams, and Johnston. 1905 W. T. Shore, Secretary, Charlotte, N. C. — The marriage of Miss Ethel Skinner and Mr. Henry Hy- man Phillips took place November 15th at St. Paul's Episco- pal Church, Greenville. They live in Tarboro where Mr. Phillips practices his profession, law. — Wade H. Oldham is superintendent of the Ensley blast fur- nace of the Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company, Ensley, Ala. He has charge, also, of the Alice furnace in Birmingham for the same corporation. — S. T. Pender, who is with the Virginia-Carolina Chemical Co., at Columbia, S. C, writes that he is glad to hear that the N. C.-Va. game will be played on the "Hill" next Thanks- giving and that he will be present. — Dr. P. B. Ledbetter is a physician with the U. S. Naval Hospital, Great Lakes. 111. — J. Frazier Glenn is police judge of the city of Asheville, having been elected by popular vote in May, 1915, for a term of four years. He is making a record in the administration of a juvenile court and probation system. — Dr. J. V. Howard, formerly of Kinston, is a surgeon in the U. S. Navy. — Dr. T. W. M. Long, Med. 'OS, practices his profession at Roanoke Rapids. He has been instrumental in securing the excellent results which have been attained along public health lines in Roanoke Rapids. 1906 John A. Parker, Secretary, Charlotte, N. C. — R. H. McLain is with the General Electric Co., Schenectady, N. Y. His address is 111 Wendell Avenue. — W. L. Mann, lawyer of Albemarle, has been elected county attorney for Stanly County. — R. T. Allen is a member of the firm of the Allen-Medley Lumber Co., Devereux, Ga. — W. V. Pryor is located at Sapulpa, Okla., and is engaged in the practice of law. — Isaac S. London is well known as editor of the Silcr City Grit. He attended the Newspaper Institute held at the Uni- versity in December. — Herbert H. Moses is a member of the faculty of the Castle Heights School, Lebanon, Tenn. ■ — V. L. Stephenson, formerly with the Charlotte Observer, i~ now on the staff of the Philadelphia Press. 1907 C. L. Weill, Secretary, Greensboro, N. C. — J. H. D'Almberte is engaged in the insurance and real estate business at Pensacola, Fla. — Rev. W. A. Jenkins is pastor of the Methodist Church of Dallas, and is a popular member of the Gaston County Alumni Association. — Victor Williams is located at Hartsville, S. C. — Stanley Winborne, of Murfreesboro, is serving again this term as a member of the Legislature. — Dr. John D. Pemberton, a native of Wadesboro, is making a record as surgeon in the Mayo Bros, hospital at Rochester, Minnesota. — Junius G. Adams, Law '07, is a member of the law firm of Merrimon, Adams, and Johnston, in Asheville. — W. S. Hunter is located at Birmingham, Ala. — Harvey H. Hughes is an instructor in the department of English and Comparative Literature, Columbia University, New York City. — J. Kay Dixon is assistant cashier of the American National Bank, Asheville. 1908 Jas. A. Gray, Jr., Secretary, Winston-Salem, N. C. — The marriage of Miss Louise Finley and Mr. Patrick Mur- phy Williams occurred December 14th in the First Presby- terian Church of North Wilkesboro. — W. C. Raper, after holding a position in the district freight office of the Southern Railway in Asheville, has accepted a place with the Tennessee and North Carolina Railroad. He is in charge of the rate office and his headquarters are at Newport, Tenn. — Win. Gates Phillips was born November 22nd, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Drury M. Phillips, of Port Arthur, Texas. 1909 O. C. Cox, Secretary, Greensboro, N. C. — H. C. Barbee is cashier of the Peoples Bank of East Durham. ■ — Dr. B. K. Blalock practices his profession, medicine, at his home town, Norwood. He is married. — Milo J. Jones is practicing law in Shreveport, La. — W. L. Wetzell, Ph. G. '09, formerly with the Torrence Drug Co., at Gastonia, is now with the Seminole Mills, of the same city. -—Jas. S. Patterson, of Chapel Hill, has located in Durham for the practice of law with offices in the First National Bank building. 1910 J. R. Nixon, Secretary, Cherryville, N. C. — The marriage of Miss Audrey Pruden and Mr. Joseph Rob- ert Nixon occurred December 27th in the Baptist Church at Severn. After a honeymoon in Florida, Mr. and Mrs. Nixon are at home in Cherryville. where Mr. Nixon is superintend- ent of schools. — J. A. Highsmith is head of the Training School at the State Xnrmal College, Greensboro. — R. Grady Rankin has recently organized a cotton mill cor- poration at Gastonia known as the Pinkney Mills, Inc., of which he is president and treasurer. He is also vice-president of the Gastonia Insurance and Realty Company. — T. P. Nash, Jr., continues as a member of the faculty of the medical department of the University of Tennessee, at Memphis. — Dr. D. B. Sloan, of Ingold, has joined the medical corps of the North Carolina National Guard on duty at the Mexican border. — C. L. Bransford is a chemist at Gadsden. Ala. 132 THE ALUMNI REVIEW — Jno. M. Reeves is connected with the Hunter Mfg. & Com- mission Co., 58-60 Worth St., New York City. — Albert Stewart is assistant cashier of the Cumberland Sav- ings and Trust Co., Fayetteville. He was married recently. — Dr. L. DeK. Belden continues with the Roosevelt Hospital, New York City. — O. A. Hamilton is representative in North Carolina for the American Book Co., with headquarters in Raleigh. ■ — M. S. Beam is superintendent of the Lincolnton schools. He is also secretary and treasurer of the Seth Lumber Com- pany, Lincolnton. — Dr. Hugh A. Thompson is a physician of Raleigh with offices in the Woodward building. — J. D. Eason, Jr., continues to be successfully engaged in the practice of law at Whitehall, Montana. 1911 I. C. Moser, Secretary, Burlington, N. C. —The marriage of Miss Edna Lynch and Mr. William Henry Jones occurred December 27th at the home of the bride's parents in Fairview. — Dr. P. W. Fetzcr is an interne with the Willard Parker Hospital, New York City. ■ — Dr. J. R. Allison practices medicine at Hazelton, Pa. —Dr. J. S. Milliken is a physician with, the Dare Lumber Company at Buffalo City. — D. A. Lynch, Law '11, is located at Fort Stanton, N. M. —Dr. S. W. Thompson is on the staff of the N. C. Sanitor- ium, at Sanitorium. — J. Stacy Boyce, is secretary and treasurer of the National Realty Co., Gastonia. — Wm. B. Ellis, Jr., is connected with the Southern Public Utilities Company at Winston-Salem. — 'George Graham is a capable newspaper man on the staff of the Asheville limes. — Dr. W. P. Belk, who lately completed an eighteen months service in the Episcopal Hospital in Philadelphia, has accepted an offer to serve in the American war hospital in Paris. He d on January 27th. — The marriage of Miss Edna Wharton and Mr. E. C. Mc- Lean occurred recently at the home of the bride's parents in McLeansburg. They live in New York City. —Henry Clark Smith, Episcopal minister at Jerome, Arizona, writes: "Have just read the entire contents of the current number of the Review, not omitting Cy Thompson's ad. Once I get my hands on the Ai.umni Review I can never put it down 'till it's all read." 1912 C. E. Norman, Secretary, Columbia, S. C. — Lawrence H. Wilkinson has been elected assistant treas- urer of the Elizabeth Mills, Charlotte. —The marriage of Miss .Myrtle Bryant and Mr. Carlisle W. ins occurred November 25th at the home of the bride's its in Bridle Creek, Ya. Mr. Higgins is a lawyer of Sparta. —Dr. R. K. Adams, Med. '12, is on the staff of the State Hos- pital at Raleigh. —Rev. W. P. Cline, Jr., is pastor of Christ English Lutheran Church, Birmingham, Alabama. His address is 811 Ridgely Apartments. — J. G. Leatherwood, Law '12, is making a success in the practice of law at Greenville, S. C. — C. R. Thomas, Jr., has been appointed division engineer in the Kentucky Highway Department. — James L. Orr is instructor in physical education in the University of Cincinnati. He looks forward to being on the "Hill" for the 1912 reunion at commencement. — R. L. Van Poole conducts a large automobile sales house and garage at Salisbury. — B. V. Henry is a lawyer at Wadesboro, a member of the firm of Brock and Henry. — Jas. R. Craven is forecasting for the U. S. Weather Bureau at Argo, Alaska. — H. S. Chambers is a successful merchant of Asheville, a member of the firm of the Boston Shoe Store. 1913 A. L. M. Wiggins., Secretary, Hartsville, S. C. The following letter has been received by the secretary from a "nineteen-thirteener :" Dear Wiggins : I feel constrained to drop you, our honorable Secretary, a few lines, as all good Thirteeners should do. There is so much a Carolina man has to be thankful for this year, I think we should be congratulating one another — and the Virginia victory is by no means the smallest of our joys. I hope business is prosperous with you, and that you weren't divorced from any "war brides" in the late scramble. I have been at Wisconsin for the past two years — Assistant in Ameri- can History for the first two years and Fellow this time. I hope to take my Ph. D. in June, and will then be out on the cold world again. If you hear of any good jobs for a history man, why, just pass along the tip. I hope we get in the field early for the biggest reunion ever. Best wishes to you and yours and all good Nineteen- Hundred-Thirteeners. E. Merton Coulter. 502 N. Henry St., Madison, Wis. — F. R. Weaver holds a position with the Western Cartridge springfield, 111. His address is 523 S. 6th St.. Sprii — W. N. Post is engaged in the banking business in Xew York City. — I. R. Williams received license to practice law at the Su- preme Court examination and has located at Dunn. — J. W. Carti r, formerly of Petersburg, Va., spent a few on the "Hill" in February. 1914 Oscar Leach, Secretary, Raeford, N. C. — Baldwin Maxwell is taking graduate work in English at the University of Cricago. He holds a fellowship. — J. T. Pritchett received license to practice law at the recent Supreme Court examination and has located at Len iir. — T. I. Jones is taking a post-graduate course at Columbis University. 1915 B. L. Feild, Secretary, Wilson. N. C. — The marriage of Miss Vera Mae Howell and Mr. Matthew A. Stroup, both of Cherryville, occurred January 16th. — R. M. Howewood is with the Lassiter Construction Co., at Wilson. — R. G. Fitzgerald is principal of the Benson high school. 1916 H. B. Hester, Secretary, Chapel Hill, N. C. — J. M. Huske is teaching in the Horner School, Charlotte. — J. P. Shrago is engaged in the wholesale dry goods and no- tions business at Goldsboro. — F. O. Clarkson is studying law at the University. THE ALUMNI REVIEW 133 — F. H. Elsom is engaged in electrical engineering work at Bluefield. W. Va. NECROLOGY 1883 — E. Bancker Smedcs, A. B. 1883, died February 1st from an attack of pneumonia at his home near Boonton, N. J. De- ceased was a native of Raleigh but located soon after graduation in New York City, where he had since been con- nected witli the Atlantic Mutual Marine Insurance Co. Fun- eral services were conducted from the Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh. He was a brother of Mrs. J. S. Holmes, of Chapel Hill. \ AGENTS WANTED At all Colleges, Schools and Clubs foi Taylor Athletic Goods Where not already represented. Send for catalog and particulars. \ ALEX. TAYLOR & CO., Inc TAYLOR BUILDING 26 E. 42nd St. NEW YORK Established 1897 Vhe MODEL LAUNDRY OF DURHAM, N. C. Offers the Highest Quality of Service in One Day's Time. J. R. EVANS, Agent Chapel Hill, N. C. ♦**♦•:•• % * •:• •:• •:• * * Greensboro Commercial School (>Rl I NiBORO, NORTH CAROLINA BOOKKEEPING, SHORTHAND, TOUCH TYPE WRITING .-in.! the BUSINESS BRANCHES arc our Specialty. School the year round. Enroll any time. Write lor Catalogue. E. A. McCLUNG Principa •>•:••:••>•:••:••:••: •!**!» •!•*!• •!••?«» Carolina Drug Company ( HAPEL llll L. ,\. C. FOR CAROLINA BOYS. THE HOME OF PURE DRUGS A. G. WEBB, Proprietor DOTTED positions rnn f nnn teachers DL 11 Lit TEACHERS T UK llUUl/ POSITIONS If you are a qualified specialist in any line of educa- tional endeavor and desire advancement or change of location this Bureau sho ible to help you. il FORCE, in it a mere em- ployment agency 1: ends only on request ami acts in a direct confident! il c | acity that shields you from all publicity. White for ouh plan SOUTH ATLANTIC TEACHERS' BUREAU Geo. J. Ramsey, MA, LI.. I 1 , Pres., Raleigh, X C. Refers by permission lo Pres. E K. Graham and Prof. N. W. Walker The oldest and strongest bank in Orange County -solicits your banking business. M.C. S NOBLE H. H. PATTERSON M E. HOGAN President Vice-President Caibier Ol)e Kruversit? Qxzss ZEB P. COUNCIL, Manaaer CHAPEL HILL, N. C. Printing QUALITY AND SERVICE ORDERS TAKEN FOR ENGRAVED CARDS OR INVITATIONS Eubanks Drug Co. Chapel Hill, N. C. Agents for Munnally's Candy H. H. PATTERSON CHAPEL BILL, N. C. GENERAL MERCHANDISE AND FRESH GROCERIES AT ALL TIMES ESTABLISHED 1916 Alumni Coyalty fund "One for all, ana all for one " Council: A. M. SCALES, '92 E. K. GRAHAM, '98 A. W.HAYWOOD, Jr.. J. A. GRAY, Jr., '08 D. F. RAY, '09 New Voluntary Enlistment in the Great Army of the Carolina Alumni, Under the Banner of the Alumni Loyalty Fund, Since Last Announced: 1880 82 86 88 90 90 91 93 95 98 99 99 1901 Thos. John Clem W. J. G. P. J. W. R. G. A. B. A. L. G. S. H. H. J. E. F. M. H. Battle N. Wilson G. Wright Battle Howell Graham Vaughn Andrews Brooks Ferguson, Jr. McKay Latta Hood WHAT THIS FUND DOES: 1902 R. L. Godwin 02 Quentin Gregory 03 W. R. Capehart 03 R. B. Collins 04 Lawrence S. Holt, Jr. 04 T. S. Beall 04 P. A. Lee 05 Irving C. Long 05 J. L. Wade 06 F. M. Weller 06 A. H. Bahnson 07 J. W. Wilson 08 H. B. Gunter 1909 John W. Umstead, Jr. 09 Clarence J. Smith 10 W. R. Baugness 11 W. B. Byrd 11 M. A. White 11 C. M. Waynick 11 J. S. Koiner 11 M. H. Jones 12 C. Walton Johnson 12 W. E. Wakeley 13 R. W. Jemigan 13 J. Oliver Overcash 13 A. S. Oliver 1913 Robert W. Strange 13 Robert R. Sloan 14 J. W. Mcintosh 14 W. R. Thompson 15 W. T. Grimsley 15 J. V. Whitfield 15 A. H. Carr 16 H. B. Temko 16 Roger A. McDuffie 17 J. N. Wilson, Jr. 17 E. C. Klingman 18 Robert U. Garrett Provides a way for every man who wants to strengthen the University and perpetuate its spirit; makes it possible for a man to live on through its good work, and to put back into the world a fair return on what he got out of it through an institution that helped him when he most needed help. Two Ways to do this Big Business: (1) Through an annual subscription. (2) Through a bequest in your will. The size of the subscription, or of the bequest, is important, of course; but the main thing is to have a part in it: The fund in which every alumnus has a share. ■ ERE: IX IS: GOTOITI«r TEAR XHIS OFF AND MAIL IT TO E. R. RANKIN. Secretary University of North Carolina Alumni Loyalty Fund: I will give to the Alumni Loyalty Fund $ annually, payable of each year; at which time please send notice. I reserve the right to revoke at will. Name (Class) Add ress Date Pickard's Transfer Chaprl Hill, N. C. FIRST CLASS LIVERY SERVICE AT ALL TIMES. GIVE US A TRIAL A. A. PICKARD ... - Manager The Peoples National Bank Winston-Salem, N. C. Capital $300,000.00 United Stales Depositary J. W. FRIES, Pres. Win. A. BLAIR. Vice-Pres. M. S. LEWIS. Cashier The Model Market and Ice Co. Chapel Hill, N. C. All Kinds of Meats. Fish and Oysters in Season. Daily Ice Delivery Except Sunday S. M. PICKARD Manager Ice Cream and Frozen Desserts of all kinds. Special attention given University and College banquets and entertainments. Phone 178 WARREN CREAMERY CO. PARUISH STREET DURHAM. N. C. |5><3^><8*8*£^xSxSxS^>«x8kS*Sx8*»«h3 > <.>Sk^^ 1\. 1\. Ifttuti* <Zo.3nc. SUCCESSORS TO A. A. KLUTTZ Extend a cordial invitation to all students and alumni of the U. N. C. to make their store head- quarters during their stay in Chapel Hill. Complete Stock of New and Second-hand Books, Stationery, and Complete Line of Shoes and Haberdashery Made by the Leaders of Fashion, Al- ways on Hand Just Test Our Better Clothes They're correct, clean-cut and crisp Sneed-Markham-Taylor Co. Durham, N. C. Clothiers, Furnishers, Hatters, and Regal Shoes for Men CHAPEL HILL N. C. ANDREWS GASH STORE CO. Will save you from 3 to 5 dollars on your tailor- made suits. We also have in an up-to-date line of high grade gents' furnishings. Call to see us and be convinced. UNIVERSITY STUDENTS — The 'ROYAL CAFES IN CHAPEL HILL as well as IN DURHAM APPRECIATE YOUR 'PATRONAGE FACTS United States Government Statistics Reveal That: Ninety per cent, of estates of over $o,000 are entirely dissipated in seven years. Nineteen out of every twenty fail to provide either for their old age or families. Over 8,000,000 women must work to live. Ninety-five per cent, of men engaged in business fail. Ninety per cent, of children who enter school at age of six have to stop before completing the eighth grade, to go to work. Nine out often men leave no estate. Life insurance companies are distributing more than $2,000,000 per day. The surest way to provide against future misfortune is through Life Insurance, and no company can perform this service in a more satisfactory manner than the STATE MUTUAL — 73 years old. We need a few dependable men as agents in this state. S. W. SPARGER, STATE AGENT 704-S-6 FIRST NATIONAL BANK BUILDING. DURHAM. N. C. (r SEABOARD AIR LINE RAILWAY "The Progressive Railway of the South" SHORTEST, QUICKEST AND BEST ROUTE Richmond, Portsmouth-Norfolk, Va., and points in the Northeast via Washington, D. C, and Southwest via Atlanta and Birmingham. HANDSOMEST ALL STEEL TRAINS IN THE SOUTH Electrically lighted and equipped with electric fans. Steel electrically lighted Diners on all through trains. ' Meals a la carte. LOCAL TRAINS ON CONVENIENT SCHEDULES I-IF= Extremely Low Winter Excursion Rates For rates, schedules, etc., call on your nearesl agent, or CHARLES B. RYAN. G. P. A., JOHN T. WEST, D. P. A. Norfolk. Vi. CHARLES R. CAPPS, 1st. V-Pres., Raleigh, N. C. Norfolk, Va. =s| Odell Hardware Cnmnflnv qreensboro, WOI 1 ipdny NORTH CAROLINA Electric Lamps and Supplies Builders Hardware DEPENDABLE GOODS PROMPT SERVICE SATISFACTORY PRICES Chapel Hill Hardware Co., inc. THE "HIGH STANDARD" STORE HEADQUARTERS FOR Pocket Cutlery, Safety Razors, Razors, Strops, Flash Lights, Oil Heaters, Paints and Kalsomines Tin Shop in Connection RIDE WITH C. S. Pender graft Pioneer Auto Man Headquarteri in DURHAM: Al the Royal Cafe, Main Street, and Southern Depot Headqoarters in CHAPEL HILL: Next to Bank of Chapel Hill .8:30 and 10:20 a. m. 2:30 and 4:00 p. m. Leave Chapel Hill Leave Chapel Hill Leave Durham. 9:50 a. m., 12:40 p. m. Leave Durham . 5:08 and 8:00 p. m. OTHER TRIPS SUBJECT TO ORDER Four Machines at Your Service Day or Night PHONE 58 OR 23 HILL C. UNTH1CUM, A. I. A. H. COLVIN UNTHICUM ASSOCIATE ARCHITECTS Specialty — Modern School Buildings TRUST BUILDING. ROOMS 502-503 PHONE 226 DURHAM, N. ( FOR NEAT JOB PRINTING AND TYPEWRITER PAPER CALL AT THE OFFICE OF THE CHAPEL HILL NEWS K 1 Telephone No. 477 Opposite Po»t Office Tlk® Holfl&d&y 1 tods© DURHAM, N. C. Offical Photographer for Y Y., 1915 AMATEUR WORK DEVELOPED & FINISHED ' ODAK SUPPLIE O Finishing for the Amateur. Foist er ^^ The J. B. McCrary Company Municipal Engineers ATLANTA CHARLOTTE Consulting Engineers New Power Plant Univ. of North Carolina The J. B. McCrary Company serves the south as Municipal Engineers. We have nothing but ser- vice to sell. It is our business to devise munici- pal improvements. We plan, finance, construct and operate. We want to get in touch with every town or city needing improvements. We guarantee our service will produce dividends. Our experience covers twenty years. We will promptly give you all information. It will pay you to get in touch with us. Write HARRY W. LOVING, District Manager CHARLOTTE, :: :: NORTH CAROUNA OUR MOTTO: EXPERIENCE :: ORGANIZATION :: SERVICE I31)e Tirst National !ftank of "Durham. 3t. <T. "Roll of Honor" Bank Total Resources over Two and a Quarter Mil- lion Dollars WE KNOW YOUR WANTS AND WANT YOUR BUSINESS JULIAN S. CARR.._ W. J. HOLLOWAY- -President Cashier PATTERSON BROS. DRUGGISTS AGENCY \OKRIS CANDY THE REXALL STORE MEN'S FURNISHINGS OF QUALITY ^ Um ; ted N " mb " «**»< Shirts Less than Cost; Bath Robes now selling at Cost; Men's Collars, 2 for 25c — at S. BERMAN'S DEPT. STORE CHAPEL HILL. N. C. J. D. Webb & Son Manfitters Clothing, Shoes and Furnishings For Spring: A Full Line of Cool Cloth Suits Horse Hide Shoes •THE QUALITY TELLS" * * * * * * * * * * & * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ♦ * * * ♦ * * * * * •:• The Southern Educational Bureau RALEIGH, N. C. Operates throughout the Southwest. Has placed members in 32 states. Salaries from $3,000.00 per year down. The demand for good men teach- ers exceeds the supply. Write us for full information free. * * * * * ♦ •:• * * * * * * * * * ♦ * * * * * * * i ♦ * * « * « * * * * * •> •> *> ►> •> "I* •> »> ♦> »> ♦> »> *> ♦ •!• »> •> »> •> •> •> •!♦ * •> •> ►> •> •> *> »> »> »!• ►!* <• »> ♦> *> *> »> THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA Maximum of Service to the People of the State A. THE COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS. C. B. THE SCHOOL OF APPLIED SCIENCE. D. (1) Chemical Engineering. E. (2) Electrical Engineering. F. (3) Civil and Road Engineering. G. (4) Soil Investigation. H. I THE GRADUATE SCHOOL. THE SCHOOL OF LAW. THE SCHOOL OF MEDICINE. THE SCHOOL OF PHARMACY. THE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION. THE SUMMER SCHOOL. THE BUREAU OF EXTENSION. (1) General Information. (2) Instruction by Lectures. (3) Correspondence Courses. (4) Debate and Declamation. (5) County Economic and Social Surveys. (6) Municipal and Legislative Reference. (7) Educational Information and Assist- ance. WRITE TO THE UNIVERSITY WHEN YOU NEED HELP For information regarding the University, address THOS. J. WILSON, JR., Registrar. END us any gar- ment or article you may have needing Dry Cleaning or Dyeing. We will do the work promptly, at small cost, and to your en- tire satisfaction. Send yours by Parcel Post, we pay return charges on orders amounting to $1.00. Mourning Goods Dyed in 24 to 36 Hours COLUMBIA LAUNDRY CO. GREENSBORO, N. C. Phones 633-634 Chapel Hill Agents: T. C. Wilkins and E. E. W. Duncan 14 and 15 Old West | isxS»fr<S>&-^-SMS«3»»^><S>^S»$>-»<»»^fr^x3Kg»3>fr® # > » < frfo»^^»l Successful Careers in Later Life for University Men Depend not wholly upon Football, Baseball, or other sports — But upon sheer pluck and ability to build the solid foundation of Success by Saving every possible dollar. It takes Men to participate in Football, Base- ball, elc, but it takes Greater Men to Build Successful Careers. Resolve to Start Saving Today. The Fidelity Bank North Carolina's Greatest Banking Institution DURHAM, N. C. What Put the Pep in Uncle George? "Well, George," languidly remarked a friend as he oozed into George's office on a day when the heat was horrible, "what makes you look so disgustingly chipper? From the way you are working anyone would think you had swallow- ed an electric fan or held a first mortgage on the Fountain of Youth." "You were right the last time, old man." replied George, "only I have no mortgage on the fountain, I'm just one of the great army of consumers. The big fountain, is at New Bern, North Carolina. I just have a drinking acquain- tance with it, though I have established sort of a branch fountain here in the office. It's a case of Pepsi-Cola that's put the pep in your Uncle George." "Pepsi-Cola, why that's this pure fruit drink people are talking about. Where did you get the idea that it will give the knockout to this heat? I tell you the thermometer has broken the rcord for running high jump and I feel like a boiled dinner. What can Pepsi-Cola do but cool you off for a minute ?" "What does Pepsi-Cola do ? I'll show you. We will tap a bottle right now. I keep it in the office and every time the heat tries to convict me I prove an alibi with Pepsi-Cola. It's making the wife and kids happy and healthy and it's helping me get the work done on schedule." "George, I believe you are right, I feel more like a man already." Pepsi-Cola is served at all soda fountains and carbonated in bottles *s U /Vv# K e ,tJ i : * ■*? ; £* ^M^jfe ' > ^ A '