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Volume VI 

Number 2 

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Volume VI 


Number 2 



Elsewhere The Review carries in full a statement 
as given to tile press on October 21st of a new ser- 
vice relating to the war, whicli 
the University offers through the 
Bureau of Extension. The plan, 
as outlined, contemplates the setting forth of the 
aims, purposes, and ideals of America in the war 
and at its close. The University's function in setting 
these forth is to be educational. It is to teach what 
these are through lectures, study groups, correspon- 
dence courses, contributions to journals, press ser- 
vice and The Lafayette Association. To this end 
a bulletin is now being prepared giving the plan 
in detail and the Neics Letter is issuing "War 
Specials." ~ 

Carolina has done what she conld in the field of 
military organization. In this, she has pursued a 
course similar to that of other colleges and nniver- 
sities. In preparing to stress American aims and 
ideals she is entering a new, distinctive field. Her 
plan can well be called the "North Carolina Plan" 
which every alumnus is requested to study and sup- 


The forthcoming number of Educational Ad- 
ministration and Supervision (Urbana, 111.) gives 
an admirable account, by Dr. 
Joseph Henry Johnston, of the 
work of the late Dr. Charles 
Hughes Johnston, of the class of 1898, who was kill- 
ed at the height of his power in an automobile acci- 
dent in September, 1917. The article reviews his 
work as an educator in the high schools of North 
Carolina and in the departments of education of the 
ITniversities of Michigan, Kansas, and Illinois, aiid 
shows his remarkable ability as an administrator and 
writer in the special field of education. While The 
Review is unable to reprint the article in detail, 
it wishes to draw the attention of the alumni to it 
and to note that Dr. Johnston was in every respect 
the sort of man the University likes to think of as 
typical of her work and her spirit. He was the soul 
of sincerity, strong in body, simple in manner, earn- 
est and eager in purpose, richly sympathetic in all 
human relations. His mind had the stout vigor to 



endure long and severe application, combined with 
rare fineness and distinction. His scholarship was 
inspired by a natural and unobstructed passion for 
truth that from his freshman days in college had been 
his dominant quality. Steadily he had grown 
through the intervening years until death overtook 
him in the full strength of perfect manhood and at 
the forefront of his great profession. 


On October 12th, with impressive review of the 
military forces of the campus, patriotic addresses 
by President Graham and Governor 
Bickett, and messages of loyalty and 
love from thoughtful sons. Alma 
Mater passed her 124th milestone. 

No longer a matter of campus concern alone, the 
occasion received thoughtful consideration through- 
out the State and Nation, and brought forth com- 
ment evincing increased interest and pride in her 
far-reaching work. 

The special feature of the day — quite naturally 
— was the review of the military forces and the reali- 
zation on the part of everyone, brought home by the 
stirring addresses of the speakers, that Carolina is in 
the war, and in it, in the Carolina spirit, to the 


Through a committee of the Greensboro alumni 

association consisting of Clem Wright, A. M. Scales, 

Frederick Archer, Marm-aduke Rob- 
NEW HOTEL . j t i. vtr rr ^ i t 

PROPOSED ^^®' ^ John VV . Umstead, Jr., a 
plan was submitted through open 
letter to the alumni just prior to October 12th, look- 
ing to the building of a hotel at Chapel Hill which 
will be adequate to the needs of the community and 

In making this proposal, which was heartily en- 
dorsed by the Wake county and other associations, 
the Greensboro alumni have placed their finger upon 
one of the most outstanding needs of the University. 

To entertain the Debaters' Union, the Press As- 
sociation, the Good Roads Institute, the Council of 
the North Carolina Federated Woman's Clubs, and 
manv other organizations which in recent years have 



visited tie University, has far exceeded the resources 
of the homes and boarding houses of the village. 
The sort of hotel proposed would greatly relieve this 
kind of pressure and would make possible the Uni- 
versity's being host to other organizations which it 
wishes to serve. 

As the plan is to be considered and supported by 
the alumni in general it is given in full below. Let 
the committee know what you think of it. 

1. Submit the plan to the alumni for thought and 
discussion on their part. 

2. In case the plan meets with the approval of the 
alumni then President Graham will appoint a com- 
mittee of five prominent business men who shall be 
alumni of the University. 

3. This committee shall go into the matter and 
draw up a prospectus covering the organization of a 
stock company, the building of the hotel, the leasing 
of the hotel and such other information as will be 
necessary in submitting the proposition to alumni and 
others as a sound business proposition. 

4. After the prospectus has been prepared then 
this committee shall devise ways and means of plac- 
ing the stock and otherwise financing the erection of 
the hotel. 

5. After the stock has been placed then the mat- 
ter of erecting and leasing the hotel shall be handled 
by a board named at a meeting of the subscribers to 
the capital stock of the corporation. 

The University Neu's Letter, published weekly by 
the Bureau of Extension, completed its third volume 
November 7th and began its fourth 
Sns"^ new"" y^^^' . ^--^^"^^^ 14th. Although 
VOLUME t^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^ one-page sheet and 

has been published only three years, 
it has achieved an unusually signal success and is 
serving North Carolina in a most helpful way. 

The Eeview directs the attention of the alumni 
to it on the occasion of its birthday for two special 
reasons: (1) They can relay the message it is now 
carrying concerning the war in its "War Specials," 
and (2) they can let the editors know the names of 
prominent men in their respective counties — especi- 
all^y the rural districts — to whom it should be sent. 

As indicated in the last issue of The Eeview and 
in the present issue, the University is making an 
SEND YOUR *^°^t to secure complete information 
ADDRESS concerning every former student and 
alumnus now engaged in military ser- 
vice. There is only one means by which this can be 
accomplished and that is for every one in such ser- 
vice to let it be known by writing to the Editor of 
The Eeview. For that reason sit down at once and 
send a card to the Editor so that Carolina's roll of 
honor may be complete. Have you a picture of your- 
self or comrades? Send that along too. 


Through the Bureau of Extension the University will Undertake to Make Clear American 
Aims, Purposes, and Ideals in Relation to the World War 

One of the most important announcements made 
by the University in connection with its work in 
the present war is the following given to the State 
press on October 21st. Every alumnus should read 
it carefully and then let the Bureau of Extension 
know in what way he can help carry out the plan. 

The University of North Carolina at the outbreak 
of the war, in common with other American univer- 
sities and colleges, undertook as energetically as it 
could, to focus its energies in helpful service to the 
nation. It joined the Intercollegiate Intelligence 
Bureau ; listed and classified its resources of men and 
equipment and offered them to the government; it 
put into its curriculum military training with a fa- 
culty adequate to the task of instructing men in mod- 
em warfare. Twenty per cent of the alumni and 
students whose addresses are known, are now in ac- 
tive war service and 20 per cent of the faculty of 
last year. 

The University believes, however, that important 
as organization is, and all forms of directly helpful 
co-operation with the government in raising men and 
money and assisting in food and fuel conservation 
and the like, that its chief service in its war relations 
and its unique service as an American institution is 
in the field of education. Its service in the field of 
administration, of business mobilization, and even in 
humanitarianism, must be incidental to this single 
great special feature. 

To Make American Ideals Clear 

No assistance of greater value could be rendered 
the government at this time, and to the nation that is 
to be after the war, than by making clear American 
aims, purposes, ideals directly in relation to the pres- 
ent war and indirectly by giving its background. 
American universities should concern themselves with 
this task in the same thoroughgoing fashion that has 
marked the organization of the great activities of the 
government. No agency exists for this essential task 



of directly teaching the people comparable to the in- 
stitutions of higher education, three hundred or more 
of them strategically distributed over the whole na- 
tion, possessed of all the resources of men (writers 
and speakers) having ready access to the local press, 
ready approach to homes through student letters, etc., 
and the confidence of the people. Under the leader- 
ship of the higher institutions possibly organized 
through a central bureau in Washington for the ex- 
change of ideas, the whole educational system down 
through the high school and grammar schools, and 
through them every home reached and invigorated, 
not merely by war propaganda and the urgent present 
need and duty, but by sound and fundamental in- 
struction in what it means to be an American in 
1917 and after. 

Plan of Operation 

This work will be carried out under the following 
heads : 

1. Extension Centers. Study courses. From one 
to six courses given at each center; each course re- 
quiring a month for completion. A member of the 
University faculty to be sent to the center at the be- 
ginning and end of the course. Remainder of the 
time, course directed by an alumnus, local school 
man. The work guided by outlines, syllabus, 
'and may be tested by examination. The courses are 
to be closely related to form a consistent wtole. Cen- 
ters too small for all of the courses may take one or 

The Courses. (By way of example). 

a. Theories of the State. 

b. Europe Since 1815. 

c. Political Idealism in British and American 

d. South American TJelations. 

e. Economic and Social Aspects of the War. 

f. The War as Reflected in Recent Literature. 

2. Group Lectures: Four or five or these lectures 
or similar lectures, more popularly treated, and with- 
out intensive class study, may be arranged as a series 
by a community, e. g., one a month by a Y. M. C. A. 
Single lectures will be furnished to communities as 
a part of any other lecture plan they may have or 
for special occasions. 

3. Correspondence courses (with credit) and read- 
ing courses (without credit) on the subject matter of 
these extension ceiiter study courses, using the same 
syllabus and other material in simplified form. A 
textbook (326 pages), "American Ideals," prepared 
by two of the professors and published by Houghton, 
Mifflin & Company, is a source book of selections 
showing through state papers, speeches, etc., the de- 
velopment of American thought, political ideals, etc. 

4. Readers Service. Furnishing through the li- 
brary, the faculty co-operating, advice as to books, 
articles on special subjects related to war and in so 
far as possible lending books, pamphlets, etc. 

5. Direct Publicity on Why We Are at War, and 
^Vliy This is Our War. 

a. Special articles by memljers of the faculty in 
southern journals of education and the like. 

b. Special editions of the University News Letter 
on these subjects. Lesson outlines, debate outlines, 
composition subjects, etc., given in News Letter for 
Friday afternoon exercises, etc., community gather- 
ings, etc. 

c. War leaflets for the use of school superinten- 
dents, principals and teachers giving definite infor- 
mation about the war and furnishing briefs for school 
talks, public addresses, teachers' meetings, etc. 

4. News service to Sunday editions of state dailies 
and weeklies, relaying in brief, good things "with a 
punch" that have been discovered in the press of the 
country by the "Readers' Service" in the library. 

6. The Lafayette Association. 

The immediate organization of an association, 
state-wide and nation-wide — to be composed of high 
school students, parents, and others interested, center- 
ing in the public schools, named The Lafayette Asso- 
ciation — to symbolize the ideals to which Lafayette 
devoted his life, in order that he might make one safe 
place in the world for democracy. 


Samuel Tilden Ansell, LL. B. 1906, was promot- 
ed on October 3rd to be a brigadier general in the 
United States Army and is now Acting Judge Advo- 
cate General of the Army. After leaving the Uni- 
versity in 1906 General Ansell was ordered to West 
Point as instructor in Law where he remained for 
four years. Following this he served with distinc- 
tion as judge advocate of the Department of Min- 
danao, Philippines, and as prosecuting attorney of 
the More Province. Upon his relief from duty there 
he received the formal thanks of the Provincial 
Council for the proficient performance of his civil 
duties. Returning from the Phillippines in the lat- 
ter part of 1911, he was detailed as assistant judge 
advocate of the Department of the East, Governor's 
Island, New York City, and in 1912 he was ordered 
to Washington as assistant to the Judge Advocate 
General of the Army. While on duty in the ofiice 
of the Judge Advocate General he was especially de- 
signated as the law adviser of the Department in all 
of its civil administrations and from 1913 until the 
present time he has been counsel in all the Federal 
courts, including the Supreme Court of the United 
States, for the Governments of Porto Rico and the 
Philippine Islands. At the present time, during the 
absence of the Judge Advocate General of the Army 
on detached service as Provost Marshal General, he 
serves as Acting Judge Advocate General of the 




Governor Bickett and President Graham Make Stirring Addresses and Review 

the University BattaHon 

Have you ever watched the classes form under 
banners at different spots on the campus, seen the 
dignitaries and be-gowned faculty assemble on the 
Alumni Building steps, caught a glimpse of Chief 
Marshal Pratt rushing from group to group giving 
orders, heard the roll of the kettle drum, and seen 
the long column pass between the flaming maple sen- 
tinels of Cameron Avenue into the (chilly) vastness 
of Memorial Hall ? Have you joined in "Dear 
University," heard the addresses, listened to the 
greetings from far-scattered, loyal sons, stood rever- 
ently in m-emory of the brothers fallen through the 
year, and then passed out into the noon of a glori- 
ous October day? 

University Day, 1917, re-enacted this — only dif- 
ferently. The band, recruited to full war strength, 
the long line in which khaki predominated over muf- 
ti and black gowns, the patriotic address of Governor 
Thomas Walter Bickett, special guest of the day, 
the pertinent comments of President Graham, all 
served to remind the University that the nation is 
now at war, and that the University is doing her bit 
in this period of national crisis. There was a note 
of seriousness, and a spirit of calm determination in 
all the exercises. The many messages from sons of 
the University in military camps, or about to sail 
for France, linked the student body with the great 
active forces outside and impressed upon every one 
the fact that the University is a living, stimulating 
influence wherever her sons may be. It was a time 
for maternal pride — six hundred of her sons are now 
in active war service — about twenty per cent of the 
faculty of last year and twenty per cent of the alumni 
whose addresses are known. President Graham feel- 
ingly said that "the joy of so terrible a sacrifice is a 
supreme experience reserved for motherhood alone." 

Governor Bickett Speaks 

Introduced by President Graham, Governor Bick- 
ett brought a stirring message to the present sons of 
the University. He made clear the nature of war- 
time service, and showed how all might perform 
important duties now. He gave in vigorous outline 
America's reasons for entering the war, and in con- 
cluding called upon every student to "do his bit" in 
winning the war. 

"In this supreme time," he said, "to run from 
work is as cowardly as to run from war. The call 
will surely come to every one of you, possibly to 

war, certainly to work, and the man who fails to 
equip himself for the work he knows must be done 
in the midst or in the wake of war is a traitor to the 
men at the front, and to the women and children at 
home. Today things are being fought out. Forever 
hereafter they will be thought out. When the smoke 
of battle shall lift the world will need as it has 
never needed before men with cunning hands and 
cultured brains. Hence, it is of superlative impor- 
tance, for every young man who does not go to war, 
to go to school, and the student who fails to do hard, 
honest work in school is the worst sort of slacker and 
merits the contempt of his fellows." 

In Memoriam 

The most reverent moment of the University year 
is that when Carolina stands uncovered to hear the 
list of fallen sons. The list given by Dean Stacy for 
1916-1917, follows: 

W. A. Guthrie, Durham, 1864, died October 14, 

C. A. Cook, Muskogee, Oklahoma, 1870, died Oc- 
tober 21, 1916. 

William Irwin Holt, Burlington, 1891, died De- 
cember 6, 1916. 

Jacob Battle, Rocky Mount, 1870, died December 
12, 1916. 

Mrs. Edward Kidder Graham, Chapel Hill, 1902, 
died December 22, 1916. 

Jerry Day, Boone, 1909, died December 25, 1916. 

Dr. William Clarence Kluttz, El Paso, Texas, 
1895, died January 4. 

James Fred Pearson, Gastonia, 1918, died Janu- 
ary 6. 

Hamilton McMillan, Red Springs, 1857, died in 

E. Bancker Smedes, Boonton, N. J., 1883, died 
February 1. 

George M. MacNider, Greenville, S. C, 1905, 
died February 27. 

William Lewis Jeffries, Wilmington, Del., 1910, 
died March 9. 

Van Boddie Moore, Raleigh, 1879, died April 29. 

Chambers Ranlcin Owen, Salisbury, 1883, died in 

John Elisha Wharton, Sherman, Texas, 1857, 
died in April. 

Lewis Banks Payne, Norfolk, Va., 1914, died 
May 7. 



J. J. Slade, Columbus, Ga., 1852, died May 7. Graham McKiiiuon, Eowland, 1888, died in June. 

Dr. Richard Henry Lewis, Kinston, 1852, died Logan Douglas Howell, New York City, 1889, 

May 15. died in August. 

W. E. Holt, Lexington, 1800, died May 26. James Robbins Gaskill, Tarboro, Law 1895, died 

Dr. Samuel McKee Crowell, Charlotte, Med. in November, 1916. 

1893, died May 29. Charles Hughes Johnston, Urbana, III, 1898, 

William Henry Burwell, Townsville, 1856, died died September 4. 

September 25th. Dr. Wilbur Calhoun Rice, Florida, 1907, died 

Major Benjamin Franklin Bullock, Franklinton, August 27. 

1868, died during the past winter. John Wadsworth Hutchison, Charlotte, Law '09, 

Dr. John McAden Rose, Laurinburg, 1871, died died September 9. 

August 19. Herman H. Boone, Benson, Phar. 1913, died in 

Joshua Lee Whedbee, Hertford, 1880, died during June, 

the past spring. John Hayes Collett, Salisbury, 1916, died in June. 

James Patterson McRae, Laurinburg, 1881, died Milton Earl Rohleder, Charlotte, 1916, died 

during 1916-17. August 12. 

Robert Brooke Albertson, Seattle, Washington, Dean Matt Thompson, Siler City, 1918, died 

1881, died October 4. during the past summer. 


Letters and Telegrams from Alumni and Friends Bring Messages of Loyalty and Cheer 

One of the most interesting features in connection 
with the celebration of University Day is the reading 
in Memorial Hall of the long list of messages of love 
and loyalty from Carolina's sons, scattered far and 

The following messages were received on the one 
hundred and twenty-fourth birthday of the Univer- 

Two hundred Wake County alumni send greet- 
ings to Alma ilater. Proud of her great past we 
look forward with confidence to her still greater 
future. — R. D. W. Connor, President, Raleigh. 

Greetings and congratulations. No other birth- 
day has found the University so young, so vigorous 
or so deserving of the praises and anea;iance of her 
sons in all lands. — C. Alphonso Smith, Annapolis, 

Grateful acknowledgment to the Mother who gave 
me my first big vision of constructive living on this 
her one hundred and twenty-fourth birthday. — E. P. 
Hall, Jr., LaFayette, Ga. 

Beaufort County Alumni Association with you in 
spirit today sends greetings and good wishes to Alma 
Mater. May her sons continue to go forward along 
the glorious way she has opened to them, ever loyal 
and never forgetting her noble tradition. — Stephen 
C. Bragaw, Washington. 

Love and birthday greetings to Alma Mater. — 
Robert S. Hutchison, Charlotte. 

During the last few years I have got a rather in- 
timate insight into the ideils and organization of a 
number of universities and colleges, but I have not 

yet found an institution where the true spirit of re- 
scai'ch and of earnest scholarship is as carefully fos- 
tered as at U. N. C. Its high standards are generally 
recognized. — Alex L. Feild, University of Minneso- 
ta, Minneapolis. 

Congratulations to Alma Mater on her one hun- 
dred and twenty-fourth anniversary. LIundreds of 
alumni among the oflicers and men at Camp Jackson 
are ever mindful of her many services to the nation 
■aaid today they join in love and appreciation of her 
war time endeavors. We watch with keenest inter- 
est the continued growth of the University. — Graham 
Ramsey, W. Grady Burgess, McDaniel Lewis, Camp 
Jackson, Columbia, S. C. 

It's now on to Berlin and not Richmond. Our 
thoughts wherever we be are with our Alma Mater. 
God speed her great work. — Company D, 321st In- 
fantry, Camp Jackson. Capt. Bill Folger, Lieut. 
Red Allen, Lieut. Louis Clement, Sergt. Frank Love, 
Mess Sergt. Dock Harding, Corp. E. C. Smith, 
Leroy G. Walding, Tucker Day, Camp Jackson, 
Columbia, S. C. 

The Alumni in the National Army at Camp Jack- 
son, lx)th officers and men, send greetings and con- 
gratulations. — W. B. Umstead, Columbia, S. C. 

Many happy returns to our dear old Alma Mater. 
— Lieut. Bruce H. Carraway, Columbia, S. C. 

All Carolina men in the 322d Infantry, Camp 
Jackson, S. C, send greetings to Alma Mater. Pre- 
pare to turn out the guard for we expect to come 
through on our way to Berlin. The following loyal 
sons are in the 322d Infantry: Capt. R. E. Parker, 
Capt. H. B. Cowell, Lieut. Frank Hackler, J. M. 



Coleman, Jas. J. Britt, Jas. S. Manning, Jr., C. L. 
Coggin, Jno. O. Dysart, R. P. McClaniroek, J. E. 
Carter, Jas. H. Hardisou, A. H. Hatsell, Tom Do- 
Vane, Grimes Cowper, Meriwether Lewis, Thos. L. 
Michael, F. L. Dunlap. Privates W. B. Barnes, W. 

A. Marlow, L. B. Myers, W. S. Tatum, Spencer 
Stell, Lee Gooch, J. B. Hash, W. I. Proctor, C. A. 
Holland, W. S. Wilkinson, Jr., J. B. Oldham, H. 
V. Bailey, E. J. Shepherd, H. R. Ray, C. I. Taylor, 
Billy Pope, J. P. Shrago and G. C. Hunter. 

Every good wish for you and Carolina. — R. S. 
Stewart, Lancaster, S. C. 

Richmond alumni organize today. Send the warm- 
est greetings to Alma Mater. — D. B. Bryan, H. W. 
Jackson, Benjamin Bell, Richmond, Va. 

Greetings from Rowan alumni. We are with you 
in your fight to make democracy safe for ths world. — 
T. Wingate Andrews, Salisbury. 

The following members of the 4th Company, North 
Carolina Artillery Corps, National Guard, meet to- 
night and send congratulations to our Alma Mater on 
her anniversary. We wish for her the same success 
in the battle of intelligence against ignorance that we 
expect in the battle of democracy against autocracy. 
Long live America, the democracy of the Universe. — 
Lieut. R. L. Van Poole, Sergeants R. R. Goodsou, 
Stanley R. Martin, Corporals H. C. Waldrop, Jas. 
H. Hurley, Privates H. C. Pinner, Jas. M. Waggo- 
ner, Fort Caswell. 

Montgomery Association in meeting assembled 
sends enthusiastic greetings and best wishes to our 
Alma Mater. — J. Wilson Battle, Reuben Kolb, H. 

B. Battle, Montgomery, Ala. 

Cordial greetings for all, especially the class of 
1916. Our alumni at the front return with un- 
diminished numbers and bearing tidings of the vic- 
tory they shall help to win by the unstinted aid ren- 
dered the cause at home. Our alumui at home or 
abroad will not fail. — M. B. Aston, Goldfield, Ne- 

Carolina men in Atlanta send hearty congratula- 
tions and best wishes to their Alma Mater. — E. G. 
Ballenger, E. M. Bohannou, Shepard Brvan, V. A. 
Batchelor, C. E. Betts, L. B. Lockhart, J.' W. Speas, 
T. B. Higdon, H. H. Jarrett, M. McG. Shields, J. 
Y. Smith, D. G. Fowle, T. S. Kenan, J. A. McKay, 
H. K. Clouts, Edmund McDonald, Jr., Michael 
Hoke, Jerome ]\Ioore, W. H. ifcKinnon. 

The alumni of the 119th Infantry send warm 
greetings to their Alma IMator and wish her many 
year? of continued usefulness to our State. — Geor;;o 
K. Freeman, John Manning, Camp Sevier, Green- 
ville, S. C. 

Two hundred University men at Oglethorpe send 
birthday greetings to Alma Mater. We rejoice that 
iu times of world-wide strain she has the stamina to 
continue her own work and also to prepare men to 
defend the very principles of freedom and democracy 

which have characterized her own life. In this work 
we are with her body and soul. — Unsigned. 

Half a hundred Carolina men who are now follow- 
ing the fortunes of the 113th Field Artillery send to 
their Alma Mater their every good wish, together with 
ra;iny congratulations upon this her birthday. May 
the coming year witness a continuation of her splen- 
did work. Roster follows by mail. — Major A. L. 
Bulwinkle, Capt. W. T. Joyn'er, Lieut. W. E. Baug- 
ham, Committee, Camp Sevier, Greenville, S. C. 

Winston-Salem and Forsyth County Alumni As- 
sociation sends greetings for the day and best wishes 
for the year. — H. E.Rondthaler, President, Winston- 

Loyal sons here send their wishes and prayers for 
a greater University than ever. — Catawba County 
Alumni Association. 

Alumni send greetings. — John W. Graham, Presi- 
dent, Hillsboro. 

My very best wishes to you, the student body and 
the faculty. Am assigned to 316th Machine Gun 
Company and attached to 324th Infantry. We all 
ara thinking of the University and are proud that we 
are Carolina men. — Henry L. Stevens, Jr., Camp 
Jackson, Columbia, S. C. 

We wish prosperity to our Alma Mater in the 
splendid work she is doing. — J. Kenyon Wilson, W. 
B. Rodman, Jr., Norfolk, Va. 

Congratulations from alumni of 1912 at Ogle- 
thorpe.— P. H. Gwynn, Jr., C. E. Teague, W. P. 
Moore, Chattajiooga, Tenn. 

Salvo of sixteen inch greetings for the University 
from her sons at Fort Monroe, Va. — Jas. Paul 

The alumni of Rowland held their meeting to- 
night. Much University spirit shown. Best wishes 
to our Alma ilaier on her anniversary. — W. E. 
Lynch, President, J. F. Sinclair, Secretary. 

Greetings to my Alma Mater. Long may she live. 
— W. N. Pritchaxd, Jr., Providence, R. I. 

In common with most old Chapel Hillians my 
heart yearns each year to be with "you all" on Uni- 
versity Day. — Howard Rondthaler, Winston-Salem. 

Greetings to the University on her birthday. — • 
Lieut. G. C. Royall, Jr., E. J. Lilly, Jr., W. L. Har- 
rison, W. C. Rymer, 22d U. S. Field Artillery, Fort 
Oglethorpe, Ga. 

Wish yon and all much success in events of the 
dg.y. Heartiest congratulations and sorry unable to 
attend. Best wishes. Her sons h'ave first call now. — 
Lieut. Bruce H. Carraway, Columbia. S. C. 

Express our sincere good wishes. — Richard Stock- 
ton, John Tilleft, John Whitaker, Asheville. 

Greetings and hearty congratulations from alumni 
of Cleveland County. — D. Z. Newton, Shellw. 

Glorying in the achievement of tlie University, the 
past a,nd present services, with faith in a greater fu- 
ture, with renewed allegiance and a pledge of future 



co-operation, the University Alumni Association of 
Leaksville-Spray sends greetings. — Allen D. Ivie, 

Grestings and congratulations to the University 
this day. — W. R. Petteway, Tampa, Fla. 

Congratulations to University. Remainder of tele- 
gram deleted by censor. — I. F. Lewis, Chas. S. Ven- 
able, University, Va. 

East Carolina Teachers' Training School sends 
greetings and best wishes. May this be the Uni- 
versity's beat year. Cordially. — Robt. H. Wright, 
President, Greenville. 

Tlie Roanoke Rapids Alumni Asssciation organ- 
ized last night with thirteen men and agTeed to pro- 
vide a scholarship each year for a student in the local 
high school. Proud of our Alma ^Mater's contribu- 
tion to the nation we send her greetings and remind 
her of our loyalty. — Louis N. Taylor, 1910, Secre- 
tary, Roanoke Rapids. 

Alumni of LTnion County send greetings and 
pledge fidelity. — R. B. Redwine, President. 

Davidson County alumni ?cnd greeting and con- 
gratulations to their Alma j\later upon her service to 
the State, America, and humanity. — Davidson 
County Alumni Association. 

Two hundred Mecklenburg alumni congratulate 
their Alma Mater on this her hundred and twenty- 
fourth birthday. ]\Iajor W. L. Sheep, head of Base 
Hospital at Camp Greene, and alumnus, our guest 
of honor tonight. — Wm. T. Shore, President, Meck- 
lenburg Alumni Association. 

We send you and our Alma iLater hearty expres- 
sions today of our continued loyalty and love and 

pride in your increasing success. — Richmond County 
Alumni Association. 

The Caldwell Alumni Association repledges its 
allegiance to dear old Alma Mater on her anniver- 
sary. — J. G. Abernethy, President, L. A. Dysart, 
Secretary, Lenoir. 

Lenoir County Alumni send heartiest greetings to 
their Alma Mater. — Ira M. Hardy, secretary, Kins- 

Your note came to hand yesterday. Allow me to 
thank you for your kind remembrance and to assure 
.you that — Love still retains some deathless chains 
that bind the old man to Home — and to dear Alma 
Mater. — George F. Dixon, '59, Wynne, Arkansas. 

Cumberland County Alumni Association sends 
greetings to Alma Mater. — Chas. G. Rose, President, 

Alamance alumni send most cordial greetings to 
our Alma Mater, and very best wishes to her loyal 
sons, all of whom are at the front, "somewhere," 
and everywhere. — W. H. Carroll, President, Bur- 

Birthday greetings and best wishes to our Alma 
ilater. — Alumni Association of Western Pennsyl- 

Best wishes for a prosperous and successful year. 
— Wm. Capehart, Tom Linn, New York, IST. Y. 

Renewed love and loyalty to our Alma Mater on 
her birthday. Gratitude for her years, blessing and 
the highest promise for her future. — J. Y. Joyner, 

^iauy of the alumni of the University in New 
York are busily occupied in one way or another with 




war matters, so no meeting of the local alumni was 
held. However, I want to send my own personal 
congratulations to yon and renew my expressions of 
genuine affection of the dear old University. — Chas. 
Baskerville, New York, N. Y. 

The faculty and students of Whitsett Institute 
send cordial greetings to the University. May her 
power and usefulness increase with every passing- 
year. — W. T. Whitsett, Whitsett. 

The Elon College Alumni Association sends hearty 
greetings to the University on this its one hundred 
and twenty-fourth anniversary, with assurance of its 
continued interest and loyalty. We realize that the 
University is serving the state and nation more effi- 
ciently now than ever. We also recognize the fact 
that the need of trained men is greater now than ever 
before. We are confident that our University will do 
its utmost in this time of stress to make a more en- 
lightened citizenship in North Carolina. We trust 
that the future will bring to our Alma ilater con- 
tinued success and an enlarged field of usefulness. — 
E. E. Randolph, Se»retary. 

Greetings to Alma Mater on her one hundred and 
twenty-fourth birthday from those of her sons in New 
England. Greetings to those who are having to learn 
that though the republic calls to arms they also serve 
who only stand and wait. May Alma Mater's useful- 
ness remain undiminished, the strain of war profit 
Carolina. — Boston Alumni Association. 

As one of the many who love Chapel Hill and its 
association, I send congratulations and best wishes. 
My loyalty is measured only by my ability. — E. W. 
Allen, Monroe. 

^ly course at the University was not completed but 
I love her none the less. Had it been, my class date, 
I think, would be 1882. With all good wishes for 
success. — C. H. Sexton, Dunn. 

Deak Mr. Graham : 

I was thinking of you and the University on the 
12th, and hope you had a good day. It was wet and 
cold with us as it has teen since I've been here. I'm 
with the British Expeditionary Force in a medical 
way. We are in the thick of it, and are kept pretty 
busy. But better days will come before too long. I 
hope the war is not making your load too heavy. 

Egbert Drake. 

52 Field Ambulance, B. E. F. 


About a half-mile to the east of Chapel Hill — 
threatening the flank of "Judge" Broekwell's farm — 
there is being constructed as complete and as war- 
like a system of trenches as were ever built on the 
boundaries of "No Man's Land" by Allied or Ger- 
man forces. They are the work of the Officers' 
Training Corps, tfniversity of North Carolina. They 

are prepared so as to defend a charge, heavy artillery 
fire, a flank attack, and mining by the enemy. 

Chapel Hill represents the rest camp or billet, 
some distance behind the lines, and out of range of 
all except the heaviest artillery. One comes next 
. into the fire zone of the heavier artillery. The third 
zone is in the range of the enemy's rifle fire and 
trench mortars, and includes the system of support 
trenches. From these rear line trenches, communi- 
cating trenches lead up to the main line trench, 
with its bays, traverses, and fire-step. The trench -is 
protection against almost any kind of fire, as the 
depth of it is six and one-half feet, with a parapet 
composed of the dirt taken out and sandbags forming 
a barrier against bombs and shrapnel fire. Four feet, 
six inches from the top of the parapet is constructed 
the fire-step, for use in rifle fire and in repelling an 

Extending from the front line trench is a sap- 
head, for purposes of mining, and to detect evidences 
of the enemy's mines; an advance trench, for emer- 
gency use and for protection against enfilading fire 
and attack ; and a dummy trench, to draw the enemy's 

The dimensions of the system of trenches indi- 
cate the size of the work undertaken by the battalion. 
There is a total trench length of nearly 769 feet. 
The depth is six and one-half feet, the width, three 
feet. The trenches were surveyed and laid out by 
the Engineering school. 

A great deal more work remains to be done yet 
before the trenches will be ready for permanent 
occupation. After they have been completed, the 
barb wire will be put up, every obstacle known to 
modern warfare will be placed out in front of the 
trenches to hinder attack, and the companies will be 
instructed by Captain Allen in how to charge and 
defend the trenches, and how to carry on the relief 
of the trenches. 


Captain Francis Theodore Bryan, A. B. 1842, tlie 
oldest living graduate of the University of North 
Carolina and of the United States Military Academy, 
died October 24th at his home in St. Louis, ^lo., 
aged 94 years. 

Captain Bryan was born at New Bern, April 11, 
182-3. He was a first honor graduate of the Uni- 
versity in 1842 and stood high in his class at West 
Point in 1846. In his class at West Point were 
General McClellan, of the Union Army, and Gen- 
erals "Stonewall" Jackson and Pickett of the Con- 
federate Army. 



Upon gi-aduation from West Point, Captain Bryan 
was assigned to the Topographical Engineers. In 
the ;Mexican War he served on the staff of General 
Taylor and was brevetted for gallantry at Bucna 
Vista. He served in the campaign against the ;Mor- 
mons and also in the Indian Wars in Florida and in 
the West. At the commencement of the War Be- 
tween the States, he resigned his commission to come 
South, bnt was arrested, imprisoned, and prevented 
from joining the Confederacy. 

Captain Bryan leaves a large family in St. Bonis. 
He was a brother of Judge Henry R. Bryan, '56, of 
JSTew Bern and an uncle of Hon. -T. Bryan Grimes, 
'86, of Raleigh. 


An alumnus of the University living in Atlanta 
sends The Review the following notes of interest 
concerning University men in Atlanta : 

Dr. E. G. Ballenger, Med. '98, has recently been 
commissioned Captain in the Base IMilitary Hospital, 
being organized by Emory University of Atlanta, 
known as Base Hospital No. 43. He will be in charge 
of the Urological Dept. This hospital corps is ex- 
pecting orders any day to sail for Europe. 

Mr. and IMrs. L. B. Lockhart announce the birth, 
on Sept. 13, 1917, of Luther Bynum Lockhart, Jr. 
Mr. Lockhart, Sr., '04, is the proprietor of the Lock- 
hart Chemical Laboratories at 33 1-2 Auburn Ave. 

Dan G. Fowle, '02, received his commission as 
Captain at the training Fort ilcPherson, 
Georgia, and is now stationed at Camp Gordon. 

Shepard Bryan, '91, is senior member of the law 
firm of Bryan, Jordan, and Middlebrooks, with offices 
in the Candler Building. Three young Misses Bryan 
are to be numl>ered among future belles of Atlanta. 

C. E. Betts, '04, is now with the Atlanta branch of 
the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York, 
with offices in the Grant Building. 

John Y. Smith, Law '03, is practicing law with 
offices in the Fourth ISTational Bank Building. He 
is one of the County Representatives of Fulton 

V. A. Batchelor, '96, is practicing law with offices 
in the Third National Bank Building. 

E. M. Bohannon, '04, is State Representative of the 
Bohannon Tobacco Company of Winston-Salem, and 
lives on Peachtree Street in Atlanta. 

Jerome R. !Moore, LL. B. '06, was commissioned 
Captain at the Fort McPherson training camp and is 
now stationed at Camp Gordon. He retains his 
membershi]! in the law firm of Evins & iloore in the 
Empire Building. 

Dr. Michael Hoke, '91, President of the U. N.' C. 
Alumni Association of Atlanta, is engaged in prac- 
ticing surgery with offices at 72 W. Peachthee Street. 

T. B. Higdon, '0.^), Vice-President of the North 
Carolina Society, and Vice-President of the U. N. C. 
Alumni Association of Atlanta, is engaged in the 
practice of law with offices in the Hurt Building. 

J. W. Speas, '08, Secretary of the U. N. C. Alumni 
Association of Atlanta, has recently been appointed 
Assistant Trust Officer of the Trust Company of Geo- 
gia with offices in the Trust Company of Georgia 

T. S. Kenan, '99, is President of the Kenan, Mc- 
Kay, & Speir Company, cotton brokers, with offices 
at 24 1-2 Luckie Street. 

H. H. Jarrett, Jr., '12, i- a manufacturer's agent 
with offices in the Healey Building. 

Edmund McDonald, '06, Inis removed from Atlanta 
to Youngstown, Ohio, where he is connected with the 
Y. M. C. A. Work. 

Rev. Malcolm M. Shields, '86, is now Evangelist 
and Superintendent of Home illssinns for the State 
of Georgia. His former residence was burned out in 
the conflagration of May, 1917, and he now resides 
at 6S2 N. Boulevard. 


Deae Fellow Alumni : 

'Since I have tried from the very first to get into 
both the Arm_y and Navy, and as yet have not been 
fortunate enough to get a commission as a Chaplain, 
due to the limited numl>er allowed my Communion, 
I want to be able in some way to do my l)it for the 
Service. At present, I am Chaplain of St. George's 
School, a large boys' school, one mile out of New- 
port, R. I. 

If you have any relative or friend located here, 
whether in the Army or Navy, whom you think would 
like to have a handshake or a friendly word from a 
dyed-in-the-wool fellow Tar Heel, you have only to 
drop me a line with the full address of said relative 
or friend, and I will dash for the Fort or the Navy 
Yard with that same Tar Heel spirit that our boys 
showed at Richmond last Thanksgiving Day. 
Faithfully yours, 
Israel Haeding Hughes, '11. 
Newport, Rhode Island, 

Geo. P. Wilson, of the class of 1913, is this year 
a member of the facult.y of the University of Indiana, 
Bloomington, Ind. He teaches in the English de- 
partment. Since graduation in 1913 until this year 
Mr. Wilson has been instructor in English in the 
A. and M. College of Texas at College Station. 

Cameron B. Bu.^ton, of the class of 1899, is assis- 
tant Director of Transportation for the United States 
Food Administration, Washington, D. C. 




Carolina alumni in Europe, together with alumni 
of other American universities, are to have official 
headquarters in Paris, with a possible branch office 
in London. 

This has been made possible by the co-operation 
of the leading American universities in the organi- 
zation of the American University Union. The gen- 
eral object of the Union will be to meet the needs 
of the American university and college men who are 
in Europe for military and other service. It will 
serve in the nature of a home and a club for the 
men, a clearing house for information and messages, 
where men may meet and hear from each other, hear 
from their Alma Mater, and from friends and loved 
ones at home. 

The specific objects of the Union as drafted by the 
original committee in New York during the summer 
are as follows: 

1. To provide at moderate cost a home with the 
privileges of a simple club for American college men 
and their friends passing through Paris or on fur- 
lough, the privileges to include information bureau, 
writing and newspaper room, library, dining-room, 
bedrooms, baths, social features, opportunities for 
physical recreation, entertainments, medical advice, 

2. To provide a headquarters for the various bu- 
reaus already established or to be established in 
France by representative American universities, col- 
leges and technical schools. 

3. To co-operate with these bureaus when estab- 
lished, and in their absence to aid institutions, pa- 
rents, or friends, in securing information about col- 
lege men in all forms of war service, reporting on 
casualties, visiting the sick and wounded, giving ad- 
vice, serving as a means of communication with them, 

The Union has secured as its headquarters the 
Royal Palace Hotel on the corner of the Place du 
Theatre FranQois and the Rue de Richelieu. The 
organization, completed several weeks ago, took 
charge on October 20th with the following American 
university representatives in cbarge: 

George H. Nettleton, Yale. 

Van Rensselaer Lansing, Mass. Inst, of Tech- 

Paul Van Dyke, Princeton. 

James Hazen Hyde, Harvard. 

Lewis D. Crenshaw, LTniversity of Virginia. 

Charles B. Vibbert, University of Michigan. 

In a number of instances, in addition to the gen- 
eral organization in which all the universities and 

colleges have membership, individual institutions will 
maintain special bureaus supported by the general 
■alumni associations of their institutions. Among 
these will be the University of Virginia and possibly 
Vanderbilt. For the present it will not be possible 
for Carolina to perfect a speical organization, but 
her interests will be taken care of by the general 

In the personnel of the Trustees of the Union, 
Carolina has been signally honored by the appoint- 
ment of President Graham as a member. Secretary 
of the ISTavy Daniels, is one of the Honorary Patrons. 
The complete list follows: 

The Secretary of War. 

The Secretary of the Navy. 

The American Ambassador to France. 

The General Commanding the American Forces 
in France. 

Secretary Stokes, Yale University, Chairman. 

President Goodnow, Johns Hopkins University. 

President Finley, University of the State of New 

President Hutchins, University of Michigan, Vice- 

President Graham, University of North Carolina, 

Trustee Henry B. Thompson, Princeton Univer- 

John Sherman Hoyt, Columbia University. 

Secretary Pierce, Harvard University, Secretary. 

On October 13th, forty-six American colleges and 
universities and the D. K. E. and S. A. E. frater- 
nities had become members. 


Through the courtesy of the Bureau of Commer- 
cial Economics and other industrial organizations, 
the University, through the Bureau of Extension, is 
offering a film service to schools, boards of trade, 
Y. M. C. A.'s, and other organizations during the 
year 1917-18. The subjects of the films will be in- 
dustrial, educational, and scenic, and will cover the 
industries and scenery of the United States, Canada, 
England, France, Italy and many other foreign 

No charge will be made for the films except that 
the exhibitor will pay the express charges from and to 
Chapel Hill, if films are not on a circuit. In case 
they are on a circuit the exhibitor will pay charges 
from the last point in the circuit. 

The films are distributed with the understanding 
that they are to be used on standard motion picture 
projectors, handled by competent operators; that a 



report of the films used and the attendance shall be 
made ou blanks furnished and mailed soon after 
each performance ; that films shall be returned imme- 
diately after use, or forwarded to the next exhibitor 
as the case may be ; and that no admission fees to the 
public are to be charged, nor are collections, during 
or after the exhibition, permissible. 


Through W. R. Kenan, class of '!)4, of Lockport, 
N". Y., the Library of the Department of Chemistry 
has recently received a most valuable collection of 
Chemistry journals. The gift includes about one 
hundred volumes in all, as follows: The Journal of 
Analytical and Applied Chemistry, Journal of the 
American Chemical Society, Journal of Industrial 
and Engineering Chemistry, and Chemical Abstracts. 
These journals will replace sets which have gener- 
ously been placed in the Library on deposit and 
which have been at the service of the University for 
many years. 

The library is also in receipt of fifty volumes of 
Chemistry Journals from Drs. F. P. and C. S. 


In view of the fact that America is at war and 
that light from many quarters should be thrown up- 
on the problems of war and its destination, peace, 
the LTniversity Lecture Committee purposes to bring 
to the LTniversity the most expert and enlightened 
thought of the day upon the tremendous problems of 
the present and immediate. In conforming with that 
plan, Mr. Norman Angell, distinguished internation- 
al publicist, lectured here on October 26 in Gerrard 
Hall, on "American Policy at the Settlement." In- 
sisnificant in appearance, somewhat feeble in voice, 
and lacking the conventional graces of the orator, 
the speaker made a profoundly memorable speech, 
not to be forgotten or ignored by any thinking audi- 
tor. Viewed as a specimen of cogent logic, it was 
irrefutable ; conceived as the enlightened utterance 
of the spirit of the loftiest public consciousness of 
our era, it was unimpeachable. With an impassi- 
bility characteristic of the statesman and a liberality 
of judgment of almost incomparable breadth, the 
speaker exposed the shallowness of popular judgment 
of the objects for which America went to war and 
wisely pointed out the short-sightedness of reckon- 
ing success in terms of military victory. He plead 
for a conference for a discussion of terms of peace, 
based in democracy and liberalized in its complexion 
and machinery, as against the secret diplomacy of 

the past which caused peace conferences to be indi- 
vidual dickerings for agreement, with the great dem- 
ocratic will of the people virtually unconsidered 
iSTotable indeed was his suggestior- that, as an altern- 
tive to militarism, Germany must be promised a 
security no less real and no less permanent than that 
which the other nations themselves expect to enjoy. 
Social and economic justice, guaranteed by treaty, 
must re-inforce the progress of all militant organiza- 
tions like the League to Enforce Peace, in order to 
make them permanently eft'ective. In pleading for a 
genius for peace commensurate with the genius for 
war, which has been let loose upon the world, the 
speaker created a profound impression. The weak- 
ening of national pride must be a necessary step pre- 
cedent to the awakening of a spirit of international 
solidarity which shall assure freedom, justice, and 
the right to develop harmoniously, to all the nations 
of the earth. 


By the recent purchase of volumes 1-31 and 53- 
158 of the Southwestern Reporter, the library of 
the University Law School completed its set of the 
Reporter system of cases handed down by the high- 
est courts of every state in the Union. As a result 
of this acquisition the resources of the Law School 
are materially strengthened. The addition of these 
volumes and the steady upbuilding of the Law 
Library has been made possible through the income 
of the Manning Memorial Fund to which many 
alumni were contributors. 


Through Mrs. T. W. Lingle, advisor to women 
students, the announcement is made that the women 
students of the University are to form an association, 
one of the first objects of which is to complete an ac- 
curate list of the present addresses of all former wo- 
men students. As the University has no complete 
alumni catalogue. The Review requests that those 
who can give the desired information will please for- 
ward it at once to Mrs. Lingle. 


Announcement has recently been made by Post- 
master R. S. McRae that the contract for the new 
post oifice is to be let as soon as suitable bids are 
received. The plans are now in the hands of the 
contractors and the bids will be submitted at an early 
date. The plans call for a very creditable post office 
building for Chapel Hill. 




The October number of "Studies in Philology" 
contains four articles. The first of them was read last 
spring before the Philological Club by Prof. H. C. 
Tolman, of Vanderbilt University. In this study 
the author presents evidence to support his theory 
that some fragments of the Turfan manuscripts, 
which restore the lost literature of Manichaeus, con- 
tain new historical material on the crucifixion, in- 
dependent of the four -canonical Gospels. Of pecu- 
liar interest is the remark of Jesus: "Truth is the 
Son of God," apparently in reply to Pilate's ques- 
tion : "What is truth ?" 

Dr. C. W. Keyes, in a scholarly paper on "The 
Constitutional Position of the Roman Dictatorship," 
shows that the dictator's position, in early times that 
of an absolute ruler superceding all the regular exec- ' 
utive officers, with the growth of the Koraan state, 
changed into a magistracy merely superimposed upon 
the existing constitution. 

Miss Elizabeth Breazeale's careful study, "Polyp- 
toton in the Hexameters of Ovid, Lucretius and Vir- 
gil," examines in detail the use which these writers 
make of a form of repetition in which a word re- 
peated in a line appears with some inflectional 
change. Ovid uses this device most frequently. In 
jill three poets a preference is shown for placing the 
first member at the end of the first half-line and the 
second member between the extremities of the second 

Dr. Howe carries Miss Breazeale's study further 
in an examination of the verse of Tibullus and Pro- 
pertius. The occurrence of the figure is rare in these 
poets ; Tibullus uses it more frequently, but with less 
variety than Propertius. 

At the October meeting of the Philological Club 

Professor Hanford read a paper on Samuel Taylor 
Coleridge as a Philologian, the result of an investi- 
gation carried on this summer into Coleridge's aca- 
demic training in England and Germany, and the 
extent and character of his knowledge of various 
languages and literatures. Professor Hanford's gen- 
eral conclusion was that, while Coleridge possessed 
an exceptional range and held in a marked degree 
the modern critical and scientific attitude, he was 
prevented by certain psychological weaknesses from 
making any significant contribution in the field of 
literary scholarship. A connection was established 
between many of his interests and ideas and his 
contact with German scholarship, and his philologi- 
cal studies were shown to have had an influence on 
his literary criticism. 

A committee of the Club, consisting of Professors 
Howe, Greenlaw, and Toy, has undertaken the very 
important work of organizing a Philological Asso- 
ciation for the South, composed of teachers and in- 
vestigators in Ancient and Modern Languages, and 
desig-ned to supplement the work of the American 
Philological and the Modern Language Associations, 
whose meetings are usually held at places so remote 
that few Southern teachers can attend them. The 
priiject has met with an enthusiastic response from 
a large number of Southern institutions. 

The oflFieers of the Club for the current year are 
Professor Hanford, President ; Professor Henry, 
Vice-President; and Mr. Camjjion, Secretary-Treas- 

A sigTiificant contribution to the study of English 
grammar is made in Dr. J. M. Stendman's "The 
Origin of the Historical Present in English," print- 
ed in "Studies in Philology" for January, 1917. The 
purpose of the investigation, undertaken in fulfill- 



ment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of 
Philosophy at the University of Chicago, is to sup- 
plement the vague statements made in the historical 
grammars regarding the use of the present tense to 
denote past action, by a study of a representative body 
of Old and Middle English texts. In the light of a 
large collection of facts Dr. Steadmau firmly estab- 
lishes the following conclusions : 

1. The historical present does not occur in Old 

2. It occurs in Latin writings of Englishmen of 
the eighth-eleventh centuries. 

3. The use of the present appeared ip written 
English at the beginning of the thirteenth century; 
it becomes common before the end of the century; 
and by the close of the fourteenth century was used 
with the greatest freedom. 

Dr. Fairly P. Janes, Junior Lieut., U. S. N. ; Carl 
B. Wilson, 2d Lieut., U. S. A.; Dr. Alfred M. 
Schultz, 1st Lieut., Dental Corps. 


The Revikw is glad to carry herewith an addi- 
tional list of alumni who hold commissioned offices 
in military service of the United States. This list is 
in addition to the list carried in the October issue. 

Dr. W. A. Murphy, Captain, M. O. E. C. ; Dr. 
W. W. Green, 1st Lieut., M. 0. E. C. ; Dr. Eaymond 
Pollock, Captain. M. 0. E. C. ; Dr. Chas. L.\Swin- 
dell, 1st Lieut., M. 0. E. C. ; Dr. John S. McKee, 
1st Lieut., M. 0. E. C. ; W. B. Pitts, 2d Lieut., Na- 
tional Army; Phili]i Woollcott, 2d Lieut., Aviation 
Corps, in France; M. iST. Oates, 1st Lieut., Engineer 
Corps, U. S. A., in France; F. E. Weaver, Captain, 
Ordnance Dept., U. S. A.; Dr. C. E. Flowers, 1st 
Lieut, 1st Virginia Ambulance Company; Dr. V. 
A. Coulter, 1st Lieut., Sanitai-y Corps, iSTational 
Army; J. W. Mclver, 2d Lieut., Advance Base Force, 
U. S. Marine Corps; F. M. Weller, 1st Lieut., Ord- 
nance Dept., 0. E. C. ; D. G. Fowle, Captain, Na- 
tional Army; Jerome E. Moore, Captain, National 
Army; Dr. E. G. Ballenger, Captain, Base Hospital 
No. 43, National Army; W. G. Craven, Captain, N. 
C. National Guard; H. H. Hughes, Captain, Divi- 
sion Exchange Officer, Camp Lee, Petersburg, Pa., 
National Army; John Manning Battle, 2d Lieut., 
Infantry, U. S. A., in France ;"e. H. Bellamy, 2d 
Lieut., O. E. C. Cavalry; E. P. Jones, 2d Lieut., 
Field Artillery, N. C. National Guard; E. T. Allen, 
1st Lieut., National Army, in France; F. H. Lemly, 
1st Lieut., IT. S. ilarine Corps; Dr. Eobt. Drane, 1st 
Lieut, M. 0. E. C. ; Eeston Stevenson, Captain, 
Sanitary Corps, National Armv; Dr. W. P. Belk, 
1st Lieut, M. O. E. C. ; J. L.'Orr, 2d Lieut, Na- 
tional Army ; Dr. C. O'H. Laughinhouse, Major, M. 
O. E. C. ; Dr. Hassel House, 'ist Lieut, M.' O. E. 
C, in France; Dr. Karl B. Pace, 1st Lieut., M. 0. 
E. C. ; Dr. Eichard Allison, Junior Lieut, U. S. N. ; 


The query for the contest for 1918 of the Higli 
School Debating Union of North Carolina is: Ee- 
solved. That Congress should enact a law providing 
for the compulsory arbitration of industrial disputes. 
A bulletin of material on both sides of this query is 
now being prepared and will be ready for distribu- 
tion in Dectmber. A large enrollment is expected 
for a big State-wide debate on this query in March. 

The High School Debating Union has been in ex- 
istence for five years, and during that time a com- 
prehensive State-wide debate has been held each year. 
The winners of the Aycock Memorial Cup in the 
various contests have been the schools of Pleasant 
Garden, Winston-Salem, Wilson, Graham, and 


The Eed Triangle of the Young Men's Christian 
Association appeared in every nook of the Campus 
on the thirteenth of October as the signal of the 
coming campaign for the War Work Fund. 

Lieutenant "Eed" Proctor came from Camp 
Jackson to talk to the Y. M. C. A. Cabinet the fol- 
lowing Sunday morning. That night Lieutenant 
Proctor, Eev. Mr. Moss, and Dr. J. S. Eobinson, 
Educational Secretary of the "Y" at Fort Oglethorpe, 
spoke in Gerrard Hall on the Association and the 
Eed Cross in service here and at the front. 

On Monday night other phases of the work were 
presented by Dr. Geo. E. Stair, pastor of the Dudley 
Street Church of Boston, acting camp evangelist, 
located at Camp Green. 

The Tuesday Chapel period was given over to Dr, 
Stair, who also concluded the preparatory stage of 
the campaign with a short talk to the Canvassing 
Committee just after dinner. 

Tuesday night fifty-two men met in the Associa- 
tion lobby, as the "Canvassing Committee." After 
the explanation of the plan had been made, terri- 
tory divided, and the men paired off to their assign- 
ments, a subscription of the committee was taken 
amounting to $700.00. 

The teams began work at 8 :30 and reported at 
10:30. The two hours work brought in $2500.00 
pledged and $600.00 in cash. At present the Fund 
has reached $3700.00 contributed by 649 students 
and members of the faculty. It is planned to bring 
the fund up to $7,000. 




Issiicii monihly except in July, August, and September, by the Gen- 
eral Alumni Association of the University of North Carolina. 

Board of Publication 

The Review is edited by the following Board of Publication: 

Louis R. Wilson, '99 Editor 

Associate Kditors: Walter Murphy, '92; Harry Howell, '95; Archibald 
Henderson. "98; W. S. Bernard, *00: J. K. Wilson, '05; Louis 
Graves. '02; F. P. Graham, '09; Kenneth Tanner, '11. 
E. R. Rankin, '13 Managing Editor 

Subscription Price 

Single Copies $0.15 

Per Year 1.00 

Communications intended for the Editor should be sent to Chapel 
Hill. N. C; for the Managing Editor, to Chapel Hill. N. C. All 
communications intended ^ r publication must be accompanied with 
signatures if they are to receive consideration. 


Entered at the Fostofiice at Chapel Hill, N. C, as second class 



Due Peocess of Law and Equal Protection of 
THE Laws. By Hannis Taylor, LL. D. Pp. 
xxxviii + 988. ' 1917. Callaghan & Co., Chi- 

This book contains a full and detailed consider- 
ation of the clause in the Fifth Amendment to the 
Federal Constitution providing for due process as 
against the Federal Government and of the clauses 
in the Fourteenth Amendment providing for due 
process of law and the equal protection of the laws 
as against the States of the Union. 

A life devoted to the philosophical study of the 
development of English and American institutions 
and of the civil law, and extensive experience as a 
lawyer and diplomatist have fitted Dr. Taylor ideally 
for the performance of this task. A glance at the 
names of his numerous standard treatises on various 
phases of constitutional law, as contained on the 
title page of the present volume, shows that it is 
not the outcome of a task hastily assumed, but the 
latest fruit of prolonged and congenial labors. 

The pages of the Alumni Review are not a fitting 
place for an attempt at a critical estimate of so 
learned and extended a treatise. We desire merely 
to call our readers' attention to the work of a distin- 
guished fellow-alumnns, and to make one or two de- 
sultory observations. 

No part of the work is more suggestive than the 
analysis of the leading case of "Murray v. Land and 
Improvement Co.", 18 How. 272 (1855). Dr. Tay- 
lor concludes that the judgment in that case was fun- 
damentally erroneous, whether considered on princi- 

ple or as an attempted application of rules of Eng- 
lish law, which the court undertook to state. 

From the misstep then made he traces a long series 
of precedents, which recognize administrative pro- 
cess sometimes without notice, which. Dr. Taylor 
contends, are "eating like a canker sore into the vitals 
of American constitutional law," and which in recog- 
nizing a special rule in a certain class of govern- 
ment cases, are creating a fabric analogous to the 
"administrative law" of the continent of Europe. 
Dr. Taylor traces the spread of the doctrine from the 
admission of administrative process in cases involving 
the collection of taxes, to cases involving the rights of 
aliens, and to cases concerning the regulations of the 
mails. How fraught with possibilities of danger to 
our ideals of liberty these precedents may become 
is indicated in some of the alien cases, notably in 
Judge Brewer's strong dissent in Jo Toy's case, 198, 
U. S. 253. The necessary tendency of a great war 
is toward centralization of authority. In that sense 
the history of the Civil War is writ large in the 
amiendments to the constitution in the decisions of 
the Supreme Court. We are confronting another 
period of stress and agony, when every generous emo- 
tion of our hearts leans in favor of supporting our 
government in strong administrative measures. Ad- 
ministrative process is already firmly fixed in our 
jurisprudence as "due process." Perhaps Dr. Taylor 
is right in sounding a warning against the undue ex- 
tension of the doctrine. 

The duty fixed in our American constitutional sys- 
tem upon the Courts to pass upon the constitutionality 
of statutes imposes upon the judges very delicate 
duties as the interpreters of the "zeit-geist." Statutes 
must and ought to reflect the best public opinion of 
their own time. There is thus an element of con- 
temporary individuality about the products of legis- 
lation which the courts are called upon to harmonize 
with the general principles laid down in written con- 
stitutions, originally containing something at least 
of the individuality, the "zeit-geist" of a past age. 
The history of every charter or instrument of gov- 
ernment shows that while preserving its form it 
changes its contents from generation to generation. 
So long as the people whose life it regulates is func- 
tioning as a living society, and it must do so tmtil 
death and stagnation supervene. When the old 
form becomes incapable of answering to 'the de- 
mands of the "zeit-geist" by processes of interpreta- 
tion it must be amended or superceded. The court's 
function of interpretation thus necessarily involves 
an element of unconscious legislation, because the 
court can only be the mouth-piece of its own time- 



spirit, and must endeavor to find it in an instrument 
prepared in another age for other immediate needs. 

The present period is permeated with the spirit 
whieli Professor Dicey has characterized as "collu- 
tivism'' as distinguished from the individualism of 
two generations ago. The State is assuming, whether 
for good or ill, a larger place in the regulation of the 
life of the individual, his rights, duties and privi- 
leges. This spirit is written into the statutes of the 
country in a hundred forms. As the statutes come 
before the courts, and ultimately before the Federal 
Supreme Court for interpretation, the judges are 
required to orientate themselves toward the spirit 
of this legislation. In doing so they must exercise 
the functions of statesmen rather than the functions 
of the lawyers of times past. Their success is of 
Tital importance in our contemporary life, and is 
followed with intense interest by thinking men of 
all professions and occupations. Illustrations abound 
in Dr. Taylor's detailed examination of the decisions 
of the court during the last twenty years. We may 
instance, Lochner v. ISTew York, 198 U. S., 45, hold- 
ing a law regulating hours of employment in bakeries 
unconstitutional; Bank v. Ilaskill, 219 IT. S., 104, 
upholding a law creating a bank depositors' guaran- 
ty, fund filuller V. Oregon, 208 U. S., 412, "declar- 
ing the constitutionality of a law regulating hours 
of employment for women in factories; and the very 
recent case of Adams v. Tanner, holding invalid un- 
der the one process clause of the Fourteenth Amend- 
ment, a law of the State of Washington prohibiting, 
under the guise of regulation, employment agencies 
to collect fees from workmen for whom they secure 
employment. In this case the court divided five mem- 
bers to four. The dissenting judges were McKenna, 
Holmes, Brandeis (who prepared the strong dis- 
senting opinion) and Clark. The attitude of a sin- 
gle judge, as in many cases involving political or 
economical considerations, settles the view of the 
court and incidentally invalidates a statute whereby 
a commonwealth sought to remedy a confessed abuse 
of imposing magnitude. 

Even granting as the writer is disposed to believe, 
the dissenting judges correct in interpreting the law, 
the course of progress under the constitution has onl_y 
been delayed for a time. A decision which harmon- 
izes with the ideals and reflects the needs of a prior 
age rather than the living present may be swept 
aside not only by a constitutional amendment, as in 
the case of the income tax decision but by the court's 
own action sometimes after a change in personnel, 
as in the legal tender decision, sometimes by virtually 
ignoring the decision with a fuller realization of its 

implications — in technical language "distinguishing" 
it, "cutting it down in later cases to its precise 
point." Law, and constitutional law especially, is 
in its nature conservative. It can never afford to be 
"the first by whom the new is tried." On the other 
hand it should not be "the last to lay the- old aside," 
after it has thoroughly and demonstrably been worn 
out. Somewhere between lies the solid public ojiin- 
ion of the time, which the courts will reflect within 
the limits prescribed under the constitution, and 
within, to use a favorite legal phrase "a reasonable 
time." But the radicals of one generation are the 
conservatives of another. 

— L. P. M. 

As the result of many requests, Chronicles of the 
Cape Fear River, 1G60-191G, by James Sprunt, with 
a preface by S. A. Ashe, has been mads available to 
the public in a second edition (Edwards and Brough- 
ton Printing Company, published by the author, 
1916, pp. T32). The first edition, of 1914, was 
limited, and distributed by the author. This new 
edition marks a great improvement, especially in form 
of arrangement ; and contains considerable new mat- 
ter of permanent interest and value. These addi- 
tions, amounting to exactly one hundred pages of 
text, are supplemented by six rare maps and a thor- 
oughly adequate index of forty-four pages. The 
most important additions are "Wilmington in the 
Forties," eight papers by John MacLaurin which 
originally appeared in the local newspapers ; three re- 
ports on Wilmington trade, 1815, 1843, 1872; the 
sketch, by Hiss Rosa Pendleton Chiles, of the dis- 
tinguished French scientist, Alyre Rafl^oneau Delile, 
vice-consul in ISTorth Carolina (1802-1800); and an 
extended history of Wilmington churches. Forty- 
nine new subjects are dealt with; and many brief 
additions and amendations have been made. New 
excerpts, from addresses and published writings, of 
Catherine Alhertson, J. G. deR. Hamilton, J. J. 
Blair, J. O. Carr, Walker M^ares, J. D. Cox, Rosa 
Pendleton Chiles, and R. B. Slocum are incliulcd. 
The book's most interesting chapter remains "Block- 
ade Running," slightly extended ; and mention should 
be made of the brief new chapter on the "Use of Tor- 
pedoes in the Cape Fear River during the War." 
On the whole, it may be said that this volume consti- 
tutes a contribution, of permanent value, to the his- 
torical literature, not only of North Carolina, but 
also of the United States. The author acknowledges 
his special indebtedness to Capt. S. A. Ashe and to 
iliss Rosa Pendleton Chiles. — ARCHiBAi.n Hexdee- 
sox in America7i Historical Review, Oct., 1917. 




of the 

Officers of the Association 

R. D. W. Connor, '99 President 

E. R. Rankin, '13 Secretary 

Executive Committee: Walter Murphy, '92; Dr. R. H. 
Lewis, '70; W. N. Everett, '86; H. E. Rondthaler, '93; C. W. 
TiUett, Jr., '09. 


E. R. RANKIN. 13, Alumni Editor 


The Review recorrls herewith accounts of the various meet- 
ings which were held by alumni on October 12th in celebration 
of the 124th anniversary of the founding of the University: 


Tlie alumni of Watauga County gathered at Blowing Rock 
on October 12th, and perfected the organization of the Watau- 
ga County Alumni Association. Dr. J. E. Brooks served as 
toastmaster at an excellent luncheon which was held at the 
Watauga Inn. The meeting was a most enthusiastic one. 
Many members of the University faculty, past and present, 
were toasted by the. alumni. The last toast was one to 
Watauga County by Mr. Adam Dougherty, of Tennessee. Mr. 
Dougherty gave a tribute in verse to Watauga County and 
her men. 

By means of the organization effected, the alumni hope to 
develop to a high degree the co-operative interests of Watauga 
County and the University. The officers elected were: Presi- 
dent, B. B. Dougherty, '99 ; Secretary, Roy M. Brown. Mr. 
Dougherty is president of the Appalachian Training School at 
Boone, and Mr. Brown is a member of the faculty. 


The annual dinner of the Harvard Tech. Alumni Association 
was held at the Parker House, Boston, on the evening of 
October 12. The following alumni were present : W. P. M. 
Weeks, '15, V. F. Williams, '17, H. G. Hudson, '16, H. W. 
Collins, '14, F. H. Kennedy, '13, A. M. Lindau, '17, Collier 
Cobb, Jr., '14, F. F. Allen, M. A., '17, James Patton, '17, E. 
J. Perry, '17, and Jas. Lee Love, '84. A telegram which had 
been sent to the University on University Day by President 
Weeks on behalf of the Association was read by the secretary. 
It was determined to have meetings of the Association more 
frequently this year than in the past. The following officers 
were elected for the ensuing year : President, Jas. Lee Love, 
'84; Secretary, H. G. Hudson, '16. After adjournment the 
members of the Association repaired to the Colonial Theatre 
where a box had been reserved. 


The Mecklenburg Alumni Association held its annual banquet 
on the evening of October 12th in the rooms of the Chamber 
of Commerce, Charlotte. W. T. Shore, retiring president of 
the Association, presided over the banquet as toastmaster and 
the meeting was a very successful one. Mr. Shore spoke of the 
work which the association had accomplished during the year. 
He referred to the extension lecture course and appointed as the 
committee for the ensuing year, H. P. Harding, Dr. O. B. 
Ross, and Brent S. Drane. Major W. L. Sheep, '04, who is 

in charge of the base hospital at Camp Greene, was a guest of 
honor. Major Sheep referred to the years which he spent at 
Chapel Hill as being the best years of his life. In his nine 
years in the army. Major Sheep stated, he had been in every 
part of the United States and in the Philippines. He stated 
that he had found University men everywhere he had been, 
all proud of the fact that they were from the University of 
North Carolina, all advertising the fact at the first opportunity 
and "making good" on the jobs they were holding down. 

Senator Chase Brenizer spoke in reference to the passage 
of the bond issue by the last Legislature. Supt. H. P. Hard- 
ing spoke on the debating teams sent out by the city and 
county during tlie past year. Mayor Frank McNinch spoke of 
the constructive work which the Association had done, and 
made an appeal for the Liberty Bonds. Former Major T. L. 
Kirkpatrick spoke on education of the citizenry, fitting for 

Assistant Superintendent Alexander Graham spoke on the 
national and urgent duty, to bend every effort in helping the 
government. J. L. Chambers, an honorary member of the 
association, made an interesting talk. Hamilton C. Jones spoke 
on the quality of men being turned out by the University. 
Marvin L. Ritch spoke concerning the athletic situation, es- 
pecially as regards football. Jesse Oldham spoke on the Liber- 
ty bonds. 

Officers were elected for the ensuing year as follows: Presi- 
dent, Harold S. Hall, Law '98; Vice-President, Frank P. 
Drane, '06; Secretary, Fred B. McCall, '15. A vote of thanks 
was tendered by the Association to W. T. Shore, retiring presi- 
dent, who had made one of the best presidents in the history 
of the Association. 

The value of the University News Letter was commented 
upon and the chair appointed a committee to draft resolutions 
expressing to Prof. Branson the co-operation of the Associa- 
tion in that regard. 


The Catawba County Alumni Association held its meeting 
on October 12th in the reception rooms of the Chamber of 
Commerce at Hickory. W. A. Self, president of the Associa- 
tion, presided, and there was a large attendance. Many ideas 
regarding the University were discussed, and many valuable 
suggestions wore offered and acted upon. Judge E. B. Cline sug- 
gested that the Association take up the matter, with the Uni- 
versity, of procuring pictures of the University buildings and 
grounds, with the idea of having these hung in the various 
schools of Catawba County. The secretary was instructed to 
take up this matter. A resolution was passed regarding the 
death of Dr. Joseph L. Murphy, minister of Hickory, and a 
copy sent to his son, Joseph L. Murphy, Jr., a member of the 

A Welfare Committee was appointed by President Self as 
follows : Oscar Sherrill, Leroy F. Abernethy, H. C. Miller, 
Judge Edward B. Cline, and C. M. McCorkle. This committee 
will co-operate mth the University in various ways throughout 
the year. 

A Welcome Committee was appointed to welcome any mem- 
ber of the University alumni body who may hereafter go to 
Catawba County to live. This committee is composed of Bas- 
com B. Blackwelder, Wilson Warliek, and C. E. Mcintosh. 
Wilson Warliek, of Newton, is secretary of the Association. 


The Davidson County Alumni Association held its annual 
meeting on October 12th, iu Lexington. A good attendance 



was present, and an interesting meeting was helil. Matters 
pertaining to the work of the University in Davidson County 
were discussed. 

A Welfare Committee was appointed consisting of Miss 
Minna Pickard, J. C. Bower, P. R. Kaper, H. K. Kyser, and 
Dr. J. W. Peacock. An executive committee was appointed 
consisting of Z. V. Walser, L. A. Martin, Grady Shoaf, B. 
B. Vinson and G. T. Cochran. 

Oflficcrs were elected for the ensuing year as follows : Presi- 
dent, J. F. Spruill, '07; Vice-President, John Tillett, '11; 
Secretary, W. F. Brinkley, Law '17. 


The Montgomery Alumni Association held its regular meet- 
ing on October 12th at the home of Dr. H. B. Battle, '81. A 
telegram of greeting and good cheer was sent to the University. 

The officers of the Association are: President, J. Wilson 
Battle, '14; Vice-President, R. F. Kobb, '60; Secretary, Dr. 
H. B. Battle, '81. 


The Alumni Association of Western Pennsylvania held a 
smoker at the University Club, Pittsburg, on the evening of 
October 12th. Dr. C. B. Carter, '13, was elected president of 
the association to succeed R. W. MeCulloch. The meeting 
was an enthusiastic one. Topics relating to the opening of the 
University, the work of the association, and alumni participa- 
tion in national service were discussed. This association now 
has 14 members. Among those who have been recently mar- 
ried are: P. R. Bryan, J. M. Labbertou, C. D. Taylor, and 
P. H. Royster. 


The Wake County Alumni Association celebrated "Univer- 
sity Day" with a delightful dinner at the Raleigh Country 
Club. President R. D. W. Connor presided and Hon. James 
S. Manning, Attorney-General of North Carolina, acted as 
toast-master. The principal address was delivered by Professor 
M. H. Stacy, Dean of the College of Liberal Arts, who de- 
lighted his fellow alumni with an interesting account of the 
fine spirit of the student body on the "Hill." Others who 
made short responses were Bruce Gunter, who was present as 
the representative of the recently organized Alumni Associa- 
tion of Wendell; Judge George W. Connor, of Wilson; Chief 
Justice Walter Clark, Lieut. J. J. London, U. S. N., and Mr. 
R. L. Gray, editor of the Raleigh Times. 

Telegrams from President Graham and Secretary of the 
Navy Josephus Daniels were read and received with enthu- 
siasm. President Graham sent the following message : 

' ' The University sends to the Wake County Alumni Asso- 
ciation grateful and happy birthday greetings. A great and 
joyous job to do in the world and thousands of loyal sons and 
friends eager to help do it, gives us today a new baptism of 
courage and confidence. ' The oldest of the State universities 
in time, the youngest in spirit.' " 

From Secretary Daniels the Association received the follow- 
ing greeting: 

"My hearty good wishes to the University Alumni. I 
recall many delightful gatherings on the epoch meeting day and 
regret that official duties deny me the pleasure of being with 
the company of choice spirits who toast their alma mater 
tonight. ' ' 

President R. D. W. Connor, in the name of the Wake 
County Alumni Association, sent the following message to 
President Graham: 

"Two hundred Wake County Alumni send greetings to alma 

mater. Proud of her great past, we look forward with confi- 
dence to her still greater future. ' ' 

A letter from the Guilford County Alumni Association was 
read proposing a plan for the erection of a modern hotel at 
Chapel Hill. The plan was unanimously endorsed, and a com- 
mittee of five appointed to co-operate in carrying it into 

Chief Justice Walter Clark, '64, was elected president, and 
Mr. Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr., '02, secretary and treasurer for 
the ensuing year. The attendance at the banquet was 39. 


The alumni living in Richmond came together on October 
12th and organized the Richmond Alumni Association, with 
Herbert W. Jackson, '86, president of the Virginia Trust Co., 
as president and Dr. D. B. Bryan, of the faculty of Richmond 
College, as secretary. There are a large number of University 
Alumni residing in Richmond and it is thought that the Asso- 
ciation will be the means for renewing old ties, for bringing 
the various alunmi in closer touch with one another and with 
the University. The meeting was held at the Central Young 
Men's Christian Association. Dr. Edward L. Pell, of the class 
of 1881, who visited the University recently, told interestingly 
of the excellent state of affairs on the "Hill" and of the fine 
start on another year's work. The institution is intimately 
touching all phases of State life. Dr. Pell said, and its sphere 
of influence and activities is constantly being enlarged. R?v. 
W. E. Cox, of the class of 1899, rector of the church of the 
Holy Comforter, also made a short talk. 


On Thursday evening, October 11th, the alumni of Roanoke 
Rapids gathered at the home of John L. Patterson, '95, for 
an informal smoker and dinner. The Roanoke Rapids Alumni 
Association was organized with the following officers: Presi- 
dent, John L. Patterson, '95 ; Vice-President, W. L. Long, '09 ; 
Secretary, Rev. Lewis N. Taylor ; Treasurer, George Carmi- 
chael, '13. The Association decided to pay the tuition for 
one student each year from the local high school to the Uni- 
versity, this to take effect next fall. In the event that there 
should be no applicant for the scholarship from the local high 
school, the association decided that it should go to some stu- 
dent from the county. The holder of the scholarship is to be 
nominated by the association. 

Those present were: John L. Patterson, J. A. Moore, W. L. 
Long, C. A. Wyche, Dr. T. W. M. Long, Rev. Lewis N. Taylor, 
Emmett Matthews, Holland Brantley, Dr. F. G. Jarman, and 
Dr. R. P. Beckwith. The other alumni of Roanoke Rapids are 
E. W. Lehman and George Carmichael. 


The alumni of Wendell held an enthusiastio meeting on 
October 11th and organized the Wendell Alumni Association. 
A Welfare Committee was appointed, reminiscences were in- 
dulged in, and current University problems were discussed. 
The officers elected were: President, J. E. B. Davis, '89; Vice- 
President, N. P. Underbill; Secretary, W. H. Rhodes. Mem- 
bers of this association other than the officers are : W. R. 
Newell, F. E. Hester, L. B. Gunter, P. C. Brantley, and M. C. 
Todd. This association promises to "do its bit." 


The Martin County Alumni Association held its meeting on 
October 12th in the rooms of the Lotus Club, Williamston. 
Sylvester Hassell was again made president and Harry A. 
Biggs secretary. 




President Edward K. Graham, of the University, was guest 
of honor at the annual banquet of the Forsyth County Alumni 
Association, which was held on the evening of October 27th 
at the Zinzendorf Hotel, Winston-Salem. Dr. Howard E. 
Eondthaler, retiring president, acted as toastmaster. The 
meeting was a thoroughly enjoyable event for all of the 
alumni who were present, 60 in number. 

President Graham made a highly interesting address to the 
alumni. He referred to the effect of the war upon the Uni- 
versity in a static way. The University has sent as many men 
into the service of the country as any University in the country 
except two or three of the larger eastern universities. About 
230 University alumni were at the Fort Oglethorpe officers 
training camp alone, or ten per cent of the entire number in 
the camp, while more than COO were in sorvice on University 
Day. Also, twenty per cent of the faculty entered military 
service during the past spring and summer. 

The University's relation to the war is bigger, said Dr. 
Graham, than the number of men sent to service. It does not 
feel that it has done its complete service to the State and 
nation by contributing to the Red Cross or subscribing to the 
Liberty Loan. Dr. Graham annotfnced that there still remained 
a service for the University to render in an educational way. 

Dr. Graham outlined a comprehensive plan of war extension 
work adopted by the University, consisting of the establish- 
ment of extension centers throughout the State, at which 
group and single lectures will be delivered by members of the 
faculty, regular courses in which the following subiects will 
be discussed: Theories of the State, Europe since 181.5, Poli- 
tical Idealism in British and American Literature, South Ameri- 
can Relations, Economic and Social Aspects of the War, The 
War as Reflected in Recent Literature, and others. 

The plan also includes, Dr. Graham said, correspondence 
courses, reading courses, readers' service, publicity on such 
subjects as "Why we are at War," "Why this is our war," 
and special editions of the University News Letter. 

Dr. Graham dwelt upon the organization of "The Lafayette 
Association, ' ' State-wide and nation-wide, as the most impor- 
tant thing. This Association is to be composed of high school 
students, parents and others interested, centering in the public 
schools, to symbolize the ideals to which Lafayette devoted his 

President Graham was introduced by Rev. J. Kenneth Pfohl, 
'98. Mr. W. M. Hendren read a list of Forsyth Alumni now 
in National service. This list, though incomplete, contained 
the names of 19 men. 

Mr. James A. Gray, Jr., retiring secretary, read a letter 
from the committee of Greensboro Alumni, Messrs. C. G. 
Wright, A. M. Scales, and J. W. Umstead, Jr., in reference to 
plans for the formation of a stock company to build an ade- 
quate hotel at Chapel Hill. This proposal was greeted with 
favor and support was promised. 

Officers elected for the ensuing year were: President, W. 
M. Hendren, '94 ; Secretary, M. R. Dunnagan, '14. 



R. A. Meeritt, Secretary, Greensboro, N. C. 

— Wm. T. Johnson is engaged in the general insurance business, 
625 American National Bank Building, Richmond, Va. 
— Chas. M. Byrnes is a prominent physician of Baltimore. 
— R. B. Chastain practices his profession, law, at Douglass, Ga. 

— Louis Graves holds a Major's commission in the Officers' 
Reserve Corps, and is in service with the National Army. 


N. W. Walker, Sccertary, Chapel Hill, N. C. 

— L. L. Parker is a successful South Carolina banker. He 
lives at Pageland, where he has resided for the past ten years, 
and is president of the Bank of Pageland and the Bank of 

—Lieut. Col. S. C. Chambers, Law '03, of the 113th Field 
Artillery Regiment, Camp Sevier, Greenville, S. C, is now at 
Fort Sill, Oklahoma, where he is doing special work in gun- 

T. F. HiCKERSON, Secretary, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
— Dr. W. H. Smith practices his profession, medicine, at 
Gol Isboro. 

— W. G. Craven, who in civil life is cashier of the Bank of 
Huntersville, now is a captain in the U. S. Army. He is 
stationed at Camp Sevier, Greenville, S. C. 

W. T. SnORE, Secretary, Charlotte, N. C. 
— E. Worth Cole is a manufacturer of farm implements at 

— J. F. Brower is with the Wachovia Bank and Trust Co., 
— Dr. J. V. Howard is a surgeon in the U. S. Navy. 


John A. Parker, Secretary, Military Training Branch, 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 
— Dr. T. Grier Miller practices his profession, medicine, in 
Philadelphia, Pa. His address is 247 South 38th Street. 
— Victor Lee Stephenson is on the staff of the New York 
Evening Post. 

— Dr. B. E. Washburn is in public health work for the North 
Carolina State Board of Health. His headquarters are at 

— S. T. Ansell, LL. B. '06, was promoted on October 3rd, to 
be a brigadier general in the Judge Advocate General's de- 
partment, U. S. Army. General Ansell is Acting Judge Advo- 
cate General of the Army during the detached absence of the 
Judge Advocate General as Provost Marshal General. 


C. L. Weill, Secretary, Greensboro, N. C. 
— Capt. Harvey Hatcher Hughes is division exchange officer 
at Camp Lee, Petersburg, Va. 

— A. W. Peace is engaged in the real estate business at 

— G. S. Attmore, Jr., is assistant cashier of the National 
Bank of New Bern. 

— P. L. Newton, Law '07, is an attorney at law at Coweta, 

Jas. A. Gray, Jr., Secretary, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

— B. O. Shannon is a Presbyterian minister at Tazewell, Va. 
— L. M. Ross is connected with the engineering department of 
the city of Charlotte. 

— J. W. Speas is assistant trust officer for the Trust Com- 
pany of Georgia, at Atlanta. 

— Raymond G. Parker, Law '08, former center on Carolina's 
football team, practices his profession, law, in Winston-Salem, 
with offices in the 'Hanlon Building. 




O. C. Cox, Secretary, Greensboro, N. C. 

— John A. Moore is engaged in teaching at Lewiston, Mon- 

— The marriage of Miss Laura Maud Bunn and Mr. Kemp 
Davis Battle occurred November 1st in Rocky Mount. 
— W. H. Strowd is a chemist with the University of Wisconsin, 
at Madison. 

J. B. Nixon, Secretary, Cherryville, N. C. 

— W. A. Darden is professor of English in Willamette Uni- 
versity, Salem, Oregon. 
— Chas. A. Holden practices law at Pawhuska, Oklahoma. 


I. C. MoSER, Secretary, Burlington, N. C. 
— Earl V. Patterson is an inspector of ordnance for the army 
and is located at Brockton, Mass. 

— J. S. Koiner is an electrical engineer with the General Elec- 
tric Co., at Philadelphia, Pa. 

— J. W. Freeman is principal of the Exmore high school. Ex- 
more, Va. 

— Rev. I. Harding Hughes is a minister and teacher at New- 
port, Rhode Island. He is chaplain of St. George 's School, at 

— Chas. E. Hiatt is employed with the War Department, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 


J. C. LocKiiART, Secretary, Zebulon, N. C. 

— R. W. Winston, Jr., is a captain in the National Army, 
stationed at Camp Jackson, Columbia, S. C. 
— P. H. Gwynn, Jr., C. E. Teague, and W. P. Moore are mem- 
bers of the officers ' training camp at Fort Oglethorpe, Ga. 
— Q. K. Nimocks, Jr., is in the express service, and is located 
at Mount Airy. 

A. L. M. Wiggins, Secretary, Hartsville, S. C. 

— Dr. V. A. Coulter is a first lieutenant, Sanitary Corps, Gas 
Defense Service, U. S. National Army. His address is 2036 
P. St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

— M. T. Spears holds a second lieutenant 's commission in the 
National Army and is stationed at Camp Jackson, Columbia, 
S. C. 

— Born, a son to Mr. and Mrs. A. L. M. Wiggins, of Harts- 
ville, S. C, and a daughter to Mr. and Mrs. Horace Sisk, of 

— W. N. Post is a New York liauker. He is with the Guaranty 
Trust Co., 140 Broadway. 

— Geo. K. Freeman holds the rank of major in the 119th 
Infantry, U. S. A., and is stationed at Camp Sevier, Greenville, 
S. C. 

— David E. Blalock is principal of the Shady Grove high 
school, near Dunn. His school has enrolled in the High School 
Debating Union, and he has fifteen students competing for 
places on the teams. 

Oscar Leach, Secretary, Co. E., 323d Infantry, Camp Jackson, 

Columbia, S. C. 
— R. L. Lasley, A. M. 1917, is instructor in English in the 
Georgia School of Technology, Atlanta, Ga. 
— E. S. Peel holds a second lieutenant's commission in the 
National Army, and is stationed at Columbia, S. C. 
— R. C. Glenn, M. A. '14, is taking special work at Columbia 
University, New York City. 


B. L. Field, Secretary, Battery "C," R. O. T. C, 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 
— W. N. Pritchard, Jr., is inspecting cotton for the DuPont 
Powder Co., at Providence, R. I. 

• — -John Mayo, Jr., is engaged in farming at Bethel. 
— B. L. Field is a member of the officers' training camp at 
Fort Oglethorpe, Ga. 

— W. P. Mangum Weeks is a student in the Harvard Law 
School. His address is 24 Russell Hall, Cambridge, Mass. 


H. B. Hester, Secretary, American Expeditionary Forces, 
— Herman Cone is an inspector of ordnance for the army 
and is stationed at Canton, Mass. 

— W. B. Umstead holds a second lieutenant's commission in 
the National Army and is stationed at Camp Jackson, Colum- 
bia, S. C. 

— T. C. Linn, Jr., is taking work in Columbia University, New 

— Ernest G. Mick, LL. B. 191G, practices law in Asheville with 
offices in the Legal Building. 

— Harry Miller lives in his home town. Stony Point, where he 
is principal of the high school. 

— Seddon Goode sailed for France on October 18th, with the 
117th Engineer Train, 42nd Division. 


H. G. Baity, Secretary, Ordnance Department, Camp Wheeler, 

Macon, Ga. 
— C. B. Hyatt is principal of the Burnsville high school. 
— W. Grimsley Taylor is a medical student, third year, in the 
University of Pennsylvania. His address is 3609 Locust St., 

— Joseph Hale is assistant engineer for Wilkes County at 
North Wilkesboro. 

— J. W. Perdew is with the Murchison Hardware Co., Wil- 

— Henry G. Harper, Jr., is with the Goodyear Tire and Rubber 
Co., Charlotte. 


— David Purcell McEachern, A. B. 1859, died October 19th 
at his home in Red Springs, aged 81 years. Deceased served 
throughout the Civil War in the Confederate Army, and was 
a member of the State Senate at one time. He had been 
engaged in agricultural pursuits and in teaching. 


— Benjamin Smith Skinner, A. B. 1901, Mayor of Durham, 
died October 13th at his home in Durham, aged 37 years. His 
death followed an illness of several months from cancer of the 
stomach. Following his graduation from the University in 
1901, Mr. Skinner taught for several years in the schools of 
Beaufort and Durham. He took up the profession of law in 
1908 and had been engaged in active practice since. He had 
been mayor of Durham for several years at the time of his 

— Edwin Jerry Perry, A. B. 1914, died August 30th at Swan 
Quarter whither he had gone to assume the duties of principal 
of the Swan Quarter high school. Deceased had been engaged 
in teaching since hia graduation from the University in 1914. 


jnumni Coyaltv fund 

"One for all, and all for one" 


A. M. SCALES, '92 
E. K. GRAHAM. '98 
A. W. HAYWOOD, '04 
J. A. GRAY. Jr.. '08 
D. F. RAY, '09 

— before they went to France — 

a large number of the class of 1917 made their wills. 

A simple thing to do, for few of them had much in the way of 

But they made their wills, in order that they might leave at least 

one hundred dollars to the Alumni Loyalty Fund. 

— It is a simple thing they did ; but it has about it the indomitable spirit of im- 
mortality and the gracious spirit of loyal knighthood. 

— A member of the class of 1916 left behind a will of half dozen lines with two be- 
quests. One of them was a bequest of $100 to the Alumni Loyalty Fund. 

— ^Another man from an older generation in college left a bequest of $25,000. 

— Each after his ability and with equal desire! 

— WAR liberates large and generous emotions often repressed in times of peace. 

— WHY should not every loyal alumnus on the firing line of life make a bequest to 
the Loyalty Fund ? He withdraws nothing from use ; he is enabled to give 
back to the institution and to society a part of the talents given to him ; it 
makes him a jaermanent i^artner in youth and progress. 

— You think you will never die. 

Perhaps not. But be on the safe side, and say what you want done with what you 
leave . Write your will now; don't wait till you've got your million. Put 
the Alimmi Loyalty Fund in for from $100 to $100,000. A holograph will is 
enough. It is as easy as this :" I hereby give and bequeath to the Alumni 

Loyalty Fund of the University of North Carolina the sum of 


— In the A^ilgar vernacular: Carpe diem; or as the classic Roman hath it: Do it 



Greensboro Commercial School 


our Specia!t_v. School the year round. Enroll 
any time. Special summer rates. 

Write for Catalogue. 

E. A. McCLUNG .... 


Pickard's Transfer 

Chapel Hill, N. C. 


A. A. PICKARD - - . - Manager 

The Model Market and Ice Co. 

Chapel Hill, N. C. 

All Kinds of Meats. Fish and Oysters in Season. 
Daily Ice Delivery Except Sunday 

S. M. PICKARD Manager 

««*«.>.>.:..:..j..>.:..:..:..:.^.<..:.««.:.«<.««<..:..:..s.:.««^:.««4..>.iM.>.:. B-^^«j>^H8HS^«H5^-8HS^K$«s><$><8^s><s>^><8>«H$^-g«^^ 

Carolina Dru^ Company 

CHAPEL Hli L, M. C. 


A. G. WEliH, Proi'uietor 

The Bank o/Chapel Hill 

Olde^ and ^ronge^ bank in Orange County. 

Capital and Surplus over $30,000. 
Resources over a quarter of a million dollars. 





ZEB P. COUNCIL, Manaser 





Eubanks Drug Co. 

Chapel Hill, N. C. 

Agents for Munnally's Candy 

7^.^. IKlutU (LOoKnc, 

Extend a cordial invitation to all students and 
alumni of the U. N. C. to make their store head- 
quarters during their stay in Chapel Hill. 

Complete Stock of 
New and Second-hand Books, Stationery, and 
Complete Line of Shoes and Haberdashery 
Made by the Leaders of Fashion, Al- 
ways on Hand 

New York Life Insurance 

Money for Education 

Many young men and women secure money for 
their education through life insurance. President 
Garfield was a notable example. All through his 
conspicuous career he paid frequent and high tribute 
to the New York Life Policy on which he borrowed 
money that put him through college and started him 
on the road to success. New York Life policies in 
addition to the usual provisions, provide free insur- 
ance and a life income in advent of disability by 
accident or disease; double indemnity for fatal travel 

Women written on the same basis as men with 
same disability benefits. For particulars and rates 

BENJAMIN WYCHE, Special Agent 

603 Commercial Bank Building 

The Peoples National Bank 

Winston-Salem, N. C. 

Capital $300,000.00 United Stales Depositary 

J. W. FRIES, Pres. Wm. A. BLAIR, Vice-Pres. 

N. MITCHELL, Cashier 


Makers of Blue Ribbon Brand Ice Cream 

BeceptloDS and Banquets a Specially 


Just Test Our Better Clothes 

They're correct, clean-cut and 

Sneed-Markham-Taylor Co. 

Durham, N. C. 

Clothiers, Furnishers, Hatters, and 
Regal Shoes for Men 

Odell Hardware 


Company qr'^'^nsboro. 

Electric Lamps and Supplies 
Builders Hardware 





C. S. Pendergraft 

Pioneer Auto Man 

Headqaarleri In DURHAM: 
At the Ro;al Cafe, Main Street, and Soulhem Depot 

Headqnarters in CHAPEL HILL: 
Neil to Bank of Chapel Hill 

Leave Chapel Hill 8:30 and 10:20 a. m. 

Leave Chapel Hill 2:30 and 4:00 p. m. 

Leave Durham 9:50 a. m., 12:40 p. m. 

Leave Durham 5:08 and 8:00 p. m. 


Four Machines at Your Service 
Day or Night 

PHONE 58 OR 23 

Telephone No. 477 

Opposite Post Office 

Tin© IHI(D)lladlay Stadn® 


Offical Photographer for Y. Y., 1915 



Specialty — Modern School Buildings 













Finishing for the Amateur. Foister ^^ 









N. C. 


Will save you from 3 to 5 dollars on your tailor- 
made suits. We also have in an up-to-date line 
of high g^-ade gents' furnishings. Call to see ns 
and be convinced. 

I3l)(t ^Irst National !^anK 

of "Durbam, ^l. <L. 

"Rollof Honor" Bank 

Total Resources over Two and a Quarter Mil- 
lion Dollars 









MEN'S FURNISHINGS OF QUAUH ^,^">;"='' "^^''n' "'^'^ 

ohirts Less than Cost; Bath 
Robes now selling at Cost; Men's Collars, 2 for 25c — at 



There is Good Cheer in Every Bottle of 


There are 313 known imitators. Reject them firmly and 
see that you get the genuine COCA-COLA with the name 


Sold wherever refreshing drinks are for sale. Bottled in 
Durham in one of North Carolina's most up-to- 
date and sanitary bottling plants. 


W. K. RAND, Mgr. DURHAM, N. C. 

This Will Be A 

War Christmas 

Stock, Transportation, and 
Labor will be uncertain. 
Why not place your order 
early to secure guaranteed 
delivery and prices 7 

Individual and Patriotic Christmas Greet- 
ings, Monogram Stationery 
Engraved Cards 

Samples and prices on request 



French Dry Cleaning and 

The advantage to you in having us do 
your work is : We have a magnificently 
equipped plant, with every necessary appli- 
ance, in charge of an experienced French 
cleaner. Onr service is prompt and efficient, 
and you can be sure that our work will please 

Your safeguard, against unsatisfactory 
work and the danger of inexperienced hand- 
ling, is our reputation. We will appreciate 
your patronage. Send yours by parcel post. 

We clean and reblock hats. 



Chapel Mill Agent: Donnell Van Noppen 
25 South Building 

Successful Careers m Later 

Life for University 


Depend not wholly upon Football, Baseball, 
or other sports — 

But upon sheer pluck and ability to build the 
solid foundation of Success by Saving eveiy 
possible dollar. 

It takes Men to participate in Football, Base- 
ball, elc, but it takes Greater Men to Build 
Successful Careers. 

Resolve to Start Savmg Today. 

The Fidelity Bank 

North Carolina's Greatest Banl^ing Institution 

Asphalt Pavements 






















A Representative Will Visit You and Supply Any 
Information or Estimates Wanted 

Robert G. Lassiter & Co. 

First Nat'l Bank Bldg. Citizens Nat'l Bank Bldg. 

Oxford, N. C. Raleigh, N. C. 


Maximum of Service to the People of the State 





(1) Chemical Engineering. E. 

Electrical Engineering. F. 

Civil and Road Engineering. G. 

Soil Investigation. H. 





(1) General Information. 

(2) Instruction by Lectures. 

(3) Correspondence Courses. 

(4) Debate and Declamation. 

(5) County Ekronomic and Social Surreyi, 

(6) Municipal and Legislative Reference. 

(7) Ekiucational Information and Assist- 



For information regarding the University, address 

THOS. J. WILSON, JR., Registrar. 


5cl)olar5l)ip Service 

THE = 


^tortb (Carolina State formal (Lollege 

offers to VVomen a Liberal Education, Equipment for Womanly 
Service, Professional Training for Remunerative Employment 

Five well-planned courses leading to degrees in 
Arts, Science, Education, Music, and Home Eco- 

Special courses in Pedagogy; in Manual Arts; in 
Domestic Science, Household Art and Economics; in 
Music; and in the Commercial Branches. 

Teachers and graduates of other colleges provided 
for in both regular and special courses. 

Equipment modern, including furnished dormitories, 
library, laboratories, literary society halls, gymnas- 
ium, music rooms, teachers' training school, infirm- 
ary, model laundry, central heating plant, and open 
air recreation grounds. 

Dormitories furnished by the State. Board at 
actual cost. Tuition free to those who pledge them- 
selves to become teachers. 

Fall 'Cerm Opens in September 

Summer '^erm Begins in June 

For catalogue and other infoniiation, address 






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