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1 . It is published by the alumni, for the alumni, and is the official organ 
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Salisbury, N. C. 





MAY, 1913 

Number 5 









The Alumni Review? 

This Magazine is For You— it is The Official Organ of The General Alumni 



It strikes a responsive chord, and somehow you can seem to see the dear old place; old 
"Pres.," the old South, the team, some cherished college chum, memories of happy days. They all 
come back to you, and in spirit once more you are on "the Hill." 

Old fellow, you will help us make it a success; you are a "Carolina Man," and that is 
enough. The cost is only one dollar per year— just make out your check for that amount, payable to 
the Manager of the Review, and send to WALTER MURPHY, Salisbury, N. C. 



Fill out the blank below and send it in so your name can have proper insertion in the 
catalog of all the students of the University of North Carolina. 



Class of Degree 

Years at U. N. C. 

Matriculated from 

State County 

City or Town 

Degrees from the Institution 

Honorary Degrees 

Institution Conferring 

Offices Held 

Other Information 




The Alumni Review 

Vol. I 

May, 1913 

No. 5 


By Way The Alumni Council is sufficiently 

of Inventory old in point of organization to pre- 
sent at the coining meeting a report 
of definite accomplishments and an outline of work 
for the future. Among the things achieved, the reor- 
ganization of the Association, with numerous local 
associations centering in it, is far and away the most 
important. The alumni have been brought to feel that 
the Association has tremendous possibilities for service 
because it is unified and is considering plans and 
methods of work. 

The presence of a Secretary in the field has empha- 
sized the dependence of the University on the alumni 
and the need of a stronger bond between the two. 
Through conferences and visitations by the Secre- 
tary, both the alumni and the University have found 
common ground, and have set about, together, to bring 
certain large things to pass. 

The establishment of The Review, if we may say it, 
has been a long step forward. The issues already sent 
out have presented the University to the alumni and 
have been instrumental in keeping the alumni in touch 
with each other. Incidentally, The Review has pre- 
sented the University, in some of its larger aspects, to 
an interested public, and has given conclusive evidence 
of the fact that in the University North Carolina has 
one of its very greatest assets. 

Excellent as these things are, the Association, 
through its Council, cannot stop here. There are 
things which cry for attention, all of which should 
find a place in a comprehensive, forward-looking 
policy. They must be added to the list of achievements 
if the Council takes full advantage of its opportunities. 
To particularize : 

Meetings. While nothing is to be gained by meet- 
ing when there is nothing to be considered, the work 
which the Council can consider is sufficiently extensive 
to require a regular schedule of fixed meetings. Now 
is the time for the Council to push the work of com- 
plete organization. If time and thought are given to 
the details of complete organization now, the life of the 
Association is assured. But this cannot be done, in 

our opinion, at one or two conferences a year. Again. 
more direction should be given to the meetings of the 
local associations. In the past the University has sent 
them a letter of greeting on University Day and it 
should continue to send it, but the Association should 
have some communication to make which would set 
the local associations to work along lines which would 
strengthen the position of the University in the 
local community and would further its more general 
policies. The local association is an organization 
whose possibilities for usefulness to the University 
are too large to be left unutilized. 

Headquarters. The experience of other institutions 
whose alumni organizations are working effectively is 
such as to demonstrate the need of alumni head- 
quarters at the home of the institution. By this means 
economy in operation can be effected, and what is 
much more to be desired, unity of purpose among 
those carrying on different alumni activities can be 
secured. For instance, the work of the Secretary, of 
the alumni coaches and athletic committees, of the 
editorial board, and of any other officers, committees, 
or boards, could be greatly simplified and stimulated 
by closer cooperation. The general catalog, for 
example, which the Secretary has made, in part, is daily 
needed by the editorial board and the athletic com 
mittee, hut the three offices, insofar as they exist, are 
separated and each is forced to work without the 
assistance of the others. 

Alumni ('atalog. For years no need at the Univer- 
sity has been more keenly felt than that of an 
accurately kepi alumni directory or catalog. Since 
I&S9, when the last general catalog was published 
several beginnings have been made in this direction, 
but at present the only list the University has is kepi 
in the Registrar's office in a series of eight small note 
books. The constant addition of names and changes 
iii addresses has interfered with a strict alphabetical 

arrangement and on account of lack of facilities the 

University has nol been able to make the necessary 

revisions. What the Secretary has done this year in 
this particular is yet to be reported on, but between 



the University and the Secretary something definite 
should be forthcoming in the immediate future. Until 
this is done, efforts to bring the alumni generally into 
united action musl be more or less futile. 

The Review. As we see it, The Review has a clear 
field for usefulness, and we trust that it is giving 
promise of entering it. From experience gained so 
far the editorial board can say positively that there is 
sufficient material of University origin to fill, monthly, 
during the academic year, such a part of the space of 
Tin Rj \ i; w a- may properly be given to it. An ex- 
ception, possibly, should be made for January on ac- 
count of the Christmas holidays and the mid-year 
examinations, both of which now fall, in part, in the 
month. Special articles relating to alumni or coming 
from them can also be supplied in the quantity de- 
manded. So far, notes concerning individual alumni 
have not been as easily acquired as they should be ; but, 
with greater concentration of alumni offices, and with 
the establishment of better communication with local 
iciations, this present difficulty can be obviated. 
Financially, The Review ought to be self-supporting. 
There are sufficient alumni to give it a large subscrip- 
tion list and its patrons are such as to insure it a good 
grade of advertising. Both are yet largely to be 

Class Activities. The Association, through the Sec- 
retary, can be of great service to the various classes in 
aiding them in their class activities. Data can be col- 
lected regarding the publication of class bulletins, 
so that a class, upon graduation, or subsequently, can 
draw upon this data and the experience of other classes. 
In many instances this aid will mean the publication 
of a class yearbook which otherwise would go unpub- 
lished. The Association should also collect data regard- 
ing available quarters for class reunions, nature and 
i of accommodations on University Day and at 
Commencement, and the like. The University at 
present attempts to handle this, but for perfectly ob- 
vious reasons it cannot give the service which is essen- 
tial to making these strictly alumni activities highly 

Publicity. Greater publicity of University affairs is 
needed among the alumni and the public. This year 
the general news service of the University has been 
of a rather high order. But some method should be 
devised of getting news to the alumni in such a way 
as to cause them to talk it. The Review, The Tar 
Heel. The Magazine, and The President's Report, to- 
gether with the press of the State, are utilized, but 
there are special communications which should go out 

directlv from the press bureau or from the Secretary's 
office to the local associations. In this way the work 
of the I iiiversity could be brought first hand to the 
communities of the State, and could be given strong, 
interested local backing. 

The O. Henry It should be of interest to all North 
Memorial Carolinians to know that Dr. Hen- 

derson is making an energetic cam- 
paign in the effort to raise funds to establish a per- 
manent memorial to that great master of the short 
story, "O. Henry.'' \ bust, medallion, or memorial 
tablet, set up in the new Hall of History and Liter- 
ature at Raleigh, will greet tens of thousands of people 
every year, William Sidney Porter was born at 
Greensboro. X. C. in [862; and before he died was 
recognized as without a living superior as a writer ot 
the short-story. While William Sidney Porter never 
attended the University of North Carolina, all alumni 
of the institution who desire to honor North Carolina's 
greatest man of letters have in this memorial a con- 
spicuous incentive. Contributions for the memorial 
are solicited, and may be sent to Archibald Hender- 
son, Chapel Hill, N. C. 

By Way The program of commencement is 

of Reminder again given for the convenience of 
alumni, and the attention of the 
alumni is again drawn to the necessity of electing prop- 
erly qualified delegates to the general meeting of the 
Alumni Association. Cla^se^ which are to hold 
reunions should communicate with the Reunion Com- 
mittee of the University and make arrangements for 
their banquets and public meetings. AH alumni who 
are planning to attend commencement should go im- 
mediately on arrival at the Hill to the Bureau of In- 
formation at the University Inn to register and to be 
aided in finding accommodations during their stay. 

Joseph \. Joseph A. Holmes, for twentv-five 
Holmes years professor in the University, and 

intimately connected with the devel- 
opment of the natural resources of the State, has re- 
cently been doing a work as Director of the United 
States Bureau of Mines nf nation-wide interest. The 
Review is happy to be able to carry a story of his 
recent achievements, in this issue. 




After thirty-six years of increasing usefulness to the 
educational system of the State, the School of Educa- 
tion of the University began a new epoch in North 
Carolina educational history on May 2, with the dedi- 
cation of Peabody Hall. With a new home, equipped 
in accord with modern educational ideas, with an 
enlarged faculty of skilled instructors assured, and 
with greetings and best wishes from representatives 
and visitors from all classes of schools in the State, it 
faced confidently its enlarged opportunities determined 
to bring about their complete realization. 

Dean Noble 

The dedicatory exercises were opened at 8 o'clock 
Friday evening, in Gerrard Hall, with an invocation 
by Rev. W. T. D. Moss. Dr. Venable then welcomed 
the educational visitors and recounted the history of 
the School during its thirty-seven years of labor. He 
rejoiced that the building came at a time when all 
North Carolina was supremely interested in education 
and when the School consequently could enter upon 
a work which was urgently needed. Responses evi- 
dencing the utmost sympathy and good-will and bear- 
ing assurances of hearty co-operation were made on 
behalf of the State Schools and Colleges by President 
J. I. Foust, of the State Normal; on behalf of the 
Private and Denominational Schools and Colleges by 
Prof. J. H. Highsmith, of Wake Forest ; on behalf of 
the Country Schools by Zebulon V. Judd, Superin- 

tendent of the Wake County Schools; and on behalf 
of the City Schools by John J. Blair, Superintendent 
of the Wilmington Schools. 

In presenting the theme, The Need for a Broader 
and Deeper Professional Training for Teachers ami 
Superintendents, Dr. J. Y. Joyner, Superintendent of 
Public Instruction of the State, outlined the public 
educational status of the State, and showed how im- 
perative the need was for trained teachers who had 
entered the profession of teaching seriously with the 
intention of making it their life-work. In emphasiz- 
ing this need, he cited the following facts: 

"Of the 9,017 white public school teachers employed, 
only 3,487 or 38 per cent, have received any profes- 
sional training, only 1,975 or 22 P er cent, have college 
diplomas. Perhaps not 10 per cent, of the one hundred 
county superintendents or of the large number of city 
and town superintendents have had any previous pro- 
fessional training. Very few of the three hundred and 
forty-two rural high school teachers or of the larger 
number of city high school teachers have had any pro- 
fessional training for high school work or any oppor- 
tunity in the State to get it. There has been no place 
in the State where a county or city superintendent could 
get professional training for his specific work. 

"The real strategic point in the educational systems of 
our counties and cities today is the superintendent. 
I lis work is administrative and supervisory of the work 
of the elementary and secondary schools. For the suc- 
cessful performance of his supervisory duties he 
should have all the academic and professional training 
of the best elementary and high school teachers, and 
for his administrative work he should have in addition 
special study in school administration and kindred sub 

"It is of even more importance to the people of this 
State therefore that there should be at this their I Hi 
versify a School of Education for the broader and 
deeper professional training of the teachers and the 
superintendents of their schools, than that there should 
he here schools of law, of medicine, of science, of en 
ginecring. of language, of liberal arts, importanl and 
necessary though these lie " 

Dr. Herman Harrcll Home, '95. Professor of Edu- 
cation in New York University, outlined with 
sharp definiteness the functions of .1 School of 
Education in a State University. 1 >f these, the first 
was shown by Dr. Home to he that of making a stud) 
of the State, and ascertaining its educational needs 
He reviewed with telling force the results of the 
investigation made by the Kusscl Sage Foundation of 
the educational needs of North Carolina. In respect 
to these needs, as shown by the investigation. Dr. 
Home said ; 



"To recognize and to seek to solve these educational 
problems is to be the educational servant of the public. 
Such a public institution has a public office, and a pub- 
lic office is a public trust. Its function is to be the light 
that guides, to be constant in the satisfaction of the 
growing needs of an evoh ing democratic society; to be 
the head, aye the heart also, of the educational work of 
the University and of the State, on the pedagogical side 
introducing unity into the educational work of the Uni- 
versity and of the State; to be an electric dynamo dis- 
pensing power and at the same time the storage battery 
conserving the power. Where there is light, it is be- 
cause there is some connection with the central generat- 
ing plant, and where there is no light, it is because the 
connection in some way has been broken. It is the 
function of the school of education in the University 
of North Carolina to be a central generating plant and 
make connection with every unlighted educational sec- 
tion in North Carolina. It is to be the clearing-house 
of the educational ideas of our State. 

" \nd in particular we may distinguish those func- 
tions of the school which represent the work of the 
University on the Hill and those which represent the 
work of the University there in the State. Now on the 
whole we look to this school of education to provide the 
professional training of college teachers, insofar as 
the men go out from this University expecting to be 
college teachers; to provide the professional training 
of teachers of education, insofar as such teachers go 
out from this institution into our colleges, into our 
normal schools, and into our high schools ; to provide 
the professional training of school executives, insofar 
as such executives go out into the work of the city 
superintendencies, of the county superintendencies, of 
the high school principalships, and the private school 
principalships of secondary grade, and of the grammar 
school principalships; to provide especially professional 
training for the great body of secondary school teach- 
ers in public schools and private schools, in city schools 
and rural schools, in both subject matter and in method. 
The statistics presented here last night by Professor 
Matheson and those presented tonight bv the State 
Superintendent of Public Instruction sufficiently im- 
press us with the magnitude of this need and of this 

"As regards the function of this school of education 
out there in the State, we must take the school, so far 
as possible, to the people when the people cannot come 
to the school, to the teacher in service, connecting up by 
correspondence with whatsoever need may exist in the 
remotest corner of this State. We must enlarge the 
work of University extension by faculty visitation and 
faculty service to the communities of our State. This 
means that the members of the faculty in this school of 
education in their schedule of hours must allow them- 
selves such freedom of time that they may be able to 
respond to the needs of the people who cannot come 
here. And to the public of our State this school is set 
to render the service of cultivating a keen and quick 
educational opinion by monographs, letters, and articles 
in the press, by public speeches, thai our people may 

be ready to answer the calls of our State Superinten- 
dent. And both on the Hill and out there in the State 
this school must set up standards in education, though 
recognizing that no living process, such as education, is 
or can be completely standardized." 

Dean M. C. S. Noble, for fifteen years the head of 
the department, spoke feelingly of the realization of 
one of his fondest dreams — the dedication of an 
educational building at the University to the service of 
the State. As Dean and directing head he outlined 
its general attitude toward the work of the Public 
School system of the State as follows: 

"A large and well arranged building, here at the Uni- 
versity, dedicated to, and set apart for the sole and 
exclusive use in the training of teachers for the public 
schools of North Carolina, has been the object of my 
hopes and dreams and efforts ever since I came to the 
University fifteen years ago. I am therefore delighted 
at these dedicatorv exercises here tonight, and I rejoice 
at the inspiring presence of you my fellow teachers, 
and I thank you for the many kind and helpful words 
you bring to us from the various fields of your active 
service. Your help will be needed in our efforts to 
make this department of real service to you. 

"Our next and immediate and vital need is a model 
practice school building, within one hundred feet of 
this one, in which young men may be given daily prac- 
tice in the art of teaching and school management under 
the helpful supervision and guidance of experts who 
themselves have had actual experience in teaching. 

"This department is to exist for all time. T take it, 
in obedience to that clause in our State constitution 
which says ' \.s soon as practicable .... the legisla- 
ture shall establish and maintain in connection with the 
University, a Department of Agriculture, of Mechan- 
ics, of Mining, and of Normal Instruction.' 

"In the conduct of this department, this mandate of 
the constitution should be followed faithfully and sym- 
pathetically, and not grudgingly or of necessity. 
Normal Instruction, as commanded bv the constitution, 
should not be disdained or abandoned bv us to other 
agencies in the State. 

"My belief is that our ideal should he not a duplicate 
of the departments of wealthier institutions with a 
totally differenl environment from ours, that we should 
not adopt as our ideal that which statistics may 
show to be the average ideal of any selected groups of 
our sister States, hut my belief is that we should make 
this department one whose sole and inspiring ideal 
shall be the fruitage of a careful study of our own 
environment and a knowledge of the pressing and im- 
mediate needs of our own people. 

"I have been told that our General Hoke was once 
asked why a certain brother general, well versed in the 
theory of warfare and in the details of many crcat bat- 
tles, had lost a battle the day before. Hoke replied 'He 
knows much about war and much about the details of 



the battles of the great Napoleon, but he failed yester- 
day because he fought one of Napoleon's battles and 
did not fight the battle in front of him.' Our ideal 
should be to fight the battle in front of us, and not to 
fight one of Napoleon's battles. 

"Our people are asking us for trained teachers for 
their schools — shall we send them instead theoreti- 
cally trained principals and supervisors who have no 
personal knowledge of that which they would under- 
take to supervise? Shall we not rather send to them 
teachers so trained as to justify the belief that they 
will rise to leadership in all departments of educational 
service in school and community? 

"This department has a glorious and an enviable op- 
portunity. No former President of this University 
ever had so great a field for good before him as ours 
has. By joining forces with you, sir (State Superin- 
tendent Joyner), this University, in its teacher train- 
ing work, may victoriously break away from the dead- 
ening influence of tradition, and become the model and 
inspiration of those who seek some way of going 
directly to the school-rooms of the people. 

"We make the proud boast that we are the head of 
the educational system of the State, and yet we have to 
admit that practically half of our children never get 
beyond the Third Reader. Something must be wrong 
with the system — something must be wrong with the 
subject matter of the curriculum and with the teaching 

"It is claimed that not more than one out of every 
fifty who enter the first grade ever graduates from a 
college. In other words, only two per cent, of the raw- 
material ever comes out as the finished product of the 

This loss of forty-nine out of fifty should give us 
grave concern, for we cannot attribute it wholly to the 
stupidity or ill health or poverty of the children. We 
must find some way to stop this great waste. The edu- 
cational death rate is too great for us to be indifferent 
to it. 

"And again, we must not, like the Jesuit, reach out 
after those only who are college material. The educa- 
tion of the great mass of little ones in the primary 
schools must be as direct an object of this department's 
effort as those who are in the High Schools. This de- 
partment must not be guilty of any aloofness from the 
work of training men for service in elementary educa- 
tion. It must be ever alert to be the starting point of 
all things that are good for every grade of public school 
in North Carolina. 

"Our alma mater must ever have an arm long 
enough and strong enough and loving enough to reach 
to, not only the favored few, but also to the little fel- 
lows playing before the cabin doors of the lowly, and 
lead them to the great heights of all possible service. 

"While I now speak to you, I have in mind tens of 
thousands of little straight haired Anglo-Saxon boys 
and girls in North Carolina. Some of them are down 
on the level sandy stretches in the east, some are up on 

the mountain summits and in the fog-swept coves of 
the Blue Ridge and Smoky Mountains, and some ot 
them are on the red hilltops of our beautiful Piedmont 
section and even in sound of our college bells. Prac- 
tically half of these little fellows stop school before they 
begin the fourth Reader. This should nol be so. To 
their education and to the training of teachers for their 
schools, elementary as well as secondary, I promise 
to continue to give whatever there is in me of strength 
and wisdom and service.'' 

After the exercises a reception was held iu the new- 
building, and the many visitors present bad an oppor 
tunity of inspecting the building. 

In connection with the dedicatory exercises, which 
were but a part of a larger program, were held special 
conferences and discussions from May 1 to 3, in which 
the problems of the schools were freely discussed and 
methods of solution were proposed. Two general and 
seven departmental conferences were held, as follows: 
The Place and Function of the Secondary School in a 
System of General Education, with Prof. N. W. Walker 
presiding; Standards of Efficiency, with Dr. II. W. 
Chase; English, with Dr. J. F. Royster; Science and 
Mathematics, with Prof. A. II. Patterson; Classical 
Languages, with Dr. George Howe; I [istory, with Dr. 
Dr. J. G. deR. Hamilton; Science, with Dr. W. C. 
Coker; Agriculture, with Prof. C. P. Newman, of the 
A. & M.; and Modern Languages, with Prof. W. D. 
Toy. All of the conferences were well attended, and 
the papers presented and discussions following them 
were vital. A final session was held on the morning 
of the 3d, at which the most important suggestions 
made at the earlier sessions were summarized and 
embodied in a plan for future action. 

Prizes for Football Proficiency 

In order to add a little zesl to the spring football 
practice, 1>\ creating a bit of friendly rivalry among the 
men who are out. and at the same time offering some 
inducement for harder work, Coach Trenchard has de- 
cided to give five sweaters as prizes for the best work- 
done in punting, drop kicking, passing, catching, and 
tackling hv men who will be back in college next year. 
Towards the last of Ma\ (here will be held a contest, 
and the person who suceeds in booting the pigskin for 
the greatest distance will he given a sweater. The 
drop kicker, the lust passer, and the best catcher will 
receive one also. \i the same time there will he a 
tackling tournament, in which the person who does the 
best work will receive a twin sweater to the others. 




The University of North Carolina, the State of 
North Carolina, and in fact the entire United States, 
have reason to be proud of the great work that has been 
done for humanity and for the prosperity of the 
country by Dr. Joseph A. Holmes, the Director of the 
United States Bureau of Mines. 

His accomplishments in the saving of human life in 
the coal mines and in the conservation of the natural 
resources of the country have been almost miraculous 
when measured by the work of individuals generally. 
It is a statement of fact that several thousand miners 
are alive today, who would not be had it not been for 

Prof. Joseph A. Holmes. 1881-1906 

the work initiated and carried forward successfully by 
Dr. Holmes in spite of almost insurmountable obstacles. 
It is a fact apparent to anyone that the efficiency 
movement, which means the stopping of waste, has 
spread over the entire country and entered into the 
consideration of practically every manufacturer. Dr. 
Holmes was one of the pioneers in this movement, one 
of the men responsible for the now historic Governors 
Congress called by Theodore Roosevelt in 1908. It 
was at this conference that the people were made 
aware of the enormous waste of the human resources 
of the country, the tremendous waste of the mineral 

resources, amounting to $100,000,000 a day, the rapid 
depletion of the forests, the impoverishments of the soil 
through careless farming methods, etc. 

It was the first time in history that the American 
nation had ever taken an inventory of its assets and 
liabilities, and it left a mighty impression of respon- 
sibility on the part of the people. It was Dr. Holmes 
who declared that the prodigal days of the nation were 
over; that the time for a wise use of the natural re- 
sources had come if the prosperity of the United States 
was to continue. He brought forth the fact that no 
nation is prosperous without a fuel supply at reason- 
able prices, and that the Nation must change its 
methods if the United States was to endure as a great 
and influential power. 

The result of this conference you all know. There 
is no movement today so potent in this country as the 
conservation movement, the efficiency movement. Its 
influence has entered into every phase of human en- 
deavor in this country. 

The really great achievement of Dr. Holmes in be- 
half of the mining industry has .been the turning of 
what seemed to be a steadily increasing deatli rate in 
the coal mines into a slightly yet constantly decreas- 
ing death rate. In the year 1007, which was consid- 
ered an unusual one for accidents in the coal mines of 
the United States, 3,197 miners were killed. In 19] i. 
2.719 men were killed. It was early in 1908 that the 
Federal Government, under Dr. Holmes, began investi- 
gations into the causes f mine disasters. No year 
since that time has shown as many fatalities. On the 
other hand, each year since has shown more tons of 
coal mined for every life lost, and less lives lost for 
every one million tons mined. 

Taking the cold calculating methods of the statis- 
tician, the great achievement of Dr. Holmes as 
Director of the Bureau of Mines is shown in the fol- 
lowing table : 

Production, number of men employed, and number of men 
killed m and about the coal mines of the United States in the 
calendar years igoy to iqj_>. inclusive. 


Production Number 
(short tons) employed 

hil 1 



= Production 


Per 1,000 million P« dea,n 

employed short tons (short tons) 


461,406,000655,418 3,197 

to4.933.OOO 672,794 2, 1 |.| 

460,761,000 666,523 2,668 

06,000 725,030 2,840 

:i,ooo 728,348 2,7ig 

550,000,OOOJ750,000] 2,360 









1 (4,000 
1 73,000 



The man who is not willing to accord credit where 
it is due will emphasize the fact that 1907 was an un- 
usual year, and not a proper period to base future 
statistics upon. I can only say to him that had it not 
been for the work of the Bureau of Alines under Dr. 
Holmes, we might have had several unusual years, with 
even greater loss of life than in 1907. The greatest 
accident in 1907 was at Monongah, W. Va., 356 men 
being killed. The owners of this mine were utterly 
amazed and stunned at the explosion, as there had been 
practically no gas in the mine. Dr. Holmes' engineers 
said that the explosion had undoubtedly been caused 
by coal dust. The mining industry had some idea of 
the dangers of coal dust at that time, but from the gen- 
eral lack of precautions against it, it is apparent that 
they had no real sense of this menace. It was Dr. 
Holmes who had an experimental tube of steel erected 
at the Pittsburg experiment station, and it was Dr. 
Holmes who invited the operators and miners to wit- 
ness the explosibility of coal dust without the presence 
of gas. 

A little later, when some of the operators and miners 
had even then expressed their doubt as to the danger 
of coal dust, saying, "What happens in an experimental 
tube does not happen in the mine," Dr. Holmes ob- 
tained possession of coal lands near Pittsburg and 
began the digging of an actual mine. In this one act 
he was leading the world. Other coal producing Na- 
tions which began their study of the coal dust problem 
years before the United States took up the question, 
had realized the need of experiments under working 
conditions in an actual mine, but it took the aggressive- 
ness and the tremendous energy of Dr. Holmes to 
make this a reality. 

Since that time experiments have been made in this 
mine which have given a much clearer and more vivid 
impression of the clanger of dry coal dust in mines. 
These lessons have been sufficiently dramatic to cause 
mine owners to immediately install some humidifying 
process that would tend to rob the coal dust of its ter- 
rors. Today there is hardly a big mine owner who is 
not taking some extra precaution against an explosion 
of coal dust, either by humidifying bis mine or placing 
stone dust on the roadways. 

When the Bureau of Alines was created Dr. Holmes 
held the view that a great many disasters were caused 
by the improper use of explosives and the use of im 
proper explosives. His tests of explosives al the I'itts- 
burg station proved his contention, and he set about 
to find for the operators a number of powders thai 
could be used with a reasonable degree of safety. This 

has resulted in the creation of what is known as the 
Bureau's list of "permissible explosives," a list now- 
comprising more than thirty explosives, all of which 
are recommended for use in gaseous or dusty mines. 
Three years after such a list had been established, the 
operators of the United States were using 18,000,000 
pounds of permissible explosives, a greater amount 
than is now being used in Great Britain, where such 
explosives are compulsory and have been in use for a 
number of years. 

When Dr. Holmes began his work, there was no 
definite system of rescue work in any of the coal mines 
of the country. There were three sets of oxygen ap- 
paratus in the United States, when he ordered a set 
for the Bureau of Mines. The pulmotor was un- 
known. First aid to the injured did not amount to 
much outside of the anthracite district of Pennsyl- 
vania, where it was highly developed. Today the 
majority of the big mining concerns of the country 
have trained rescue corps fitted with oxygen helmets 
and other apparatus used in rescue work, as well as 
trained corps in first aid to the injured. It is too earlv 
yet to show definite results from these efforts; it may 
be said, however, that rescue work is now on a definite 
basis. Every big mining community of the country has 
a number of trained rescuers, who may proceed to a 
disaster without delay, and every such community has 
a number of men who understand first aid to the 
injured. In the past many volunteer rescuers have 
been killed at mine disasters. This has practically all 
been stopped and a number of lives have been saved. 

The Bureau of Mines today is vigorously pushing 
this rescue and first aid work. It now has eight mine 
safety cars, which go direct to the camps of the miners. 
These cars are accompanied by mininj ers and 

miners who are trained in both rescue work and first 
aid to the injured, who give lessons to the miners in 
the places visited. Each succeeding month shows the 
total number of trained miners increasing so tint more 
and more in the future, whenever a disaster occurs, 
one can be assured that there will he experts in rescue 
and first aid work present. 

It would be foolish to say that Dr. Holmes i-^ en- 
titled to the entire credit for turning hack the increas 
ing death rate' in American coal mines. The State 
mine inspectors, the coal operators, the miners 
themselves and the mining engineers of the country 
have been factors for good in this movement, bul it 
was Joseph A. Holmes that welded together the. I may 
say, hitherto opposing interests and for the first time 
got them working together in splendid en operation. 



I am inclined to give the laurels to Dr. Holmes for 
I know something of the opposition that came from lit- 
tle and big men, who never see the value of any new 
movement until the benefits claimed have been accom- 
plished. I yield to him the palm because the opposition 
from various sources did not cloud the issue with Dr. 
Holmes and did not discourage him. The goal was 
never obscured by opposition to the creation of a 
Bureau of Mines. We have definite results today in 
800 less lives lost in the coal mines in 1912 over the 
year 1907. We know that before Joseph A. Holmes 
entered the field with his aggressiveness and his defi- 
nite ideas as to what should be done the situation was 
daily and yearly growing worse. This work of saving 
the lives of the miners is now being extended to the 
metal mines and the quarries of the country, and the 
next few years will undoubtedly show as great a 
change in these fields as in the coal fields. 

In addition to the problem of saving human life, the 
Bureau of Mines is charged with the conservation of 
the mineral resources of the country and with increas- 
ing the efficiency with which these minerals are used. 
The statement is made by those who have watched the 
work of the Bureau of Mines that its collateral investi- 
gations such as fuel testing have each year saved to 
the Federal Government the cost of the appropriations 
for that purpose. This does not take into consider- 
ation the value that these investigations have been to 
the people of the country, something which is very 
difficult to estimate. 

Dr. Holmes is responsible for the Federal Govern- 
ment purchasing more than one-half of the $8,000,000 
of coal it uses each year, under what is known as the 
specification basis. This plan pays the mine owner 
for the amount of heat in his coal, penalizes him if the 
heat units are less than called for in the specification 
and gives him a premium if they are more. The same 
plan applies to the impurities in the coal such as ash, 
sulphur, etc. If less ash is delivered (and ash does 
not burn | a premium is paid to the mine owner. If 
more ash is furnished than is specified in the contract 

before. The same way with the consumer, he gets 
what he pays for and pays for what he gets. It is 
estimated that this plan has resulted in a yearly sav- 
ing of $100,000 to the Federal Government through 
more suitable coal being furnished for certain designs 
of furnaces. Director Holmes is not the originator of 
this plan of purchasing coal, but he is the man who put 
life into it, gained the official sanction of the Federal 
Government for it and by the results achieved com- 
pelled the large consumers of coal to themselves adopt 
the plan. 

"When a man accomplishes as much in a short time 
as Dr. Holmes, one likes to see what kind of man he 
may be. A short acquaintanceship with him reveals 
qualities of leadership unmistakable. 

Dr. Holmes is one of the real servants of the people. 
He is an indefatigable worker; an aggressive cam- 
paigner for what he thinks is right. He has a breadth 
of understanding that makes him an ideal man as head 
of the Bureau of Mines. He is not one to mix with 
the petty bickerings of political intrigue, or depart-' 
ment politics. His manner indicates an aloofness that 
keeps him entirely out of any such maelstrom. Other 
Bureau chiefs may wrangle over petty matters of pol- 
icy, but Dr. Holme-; reserves his entire strength for 
the big problems involved in the mining industry. He 
is affable and gives every man a hearing, never assum- 
ing that he is the sole authority on any question involv- 
ing the welfare of the industry. If he is called upon to 
solve such a problem he marshals to his aid the best 
equipped men in the industry, and when the task is 
completed, you will find that Dr. Holmes has accepted 
the best thought from all his confreres, even to the 
exclusion of his original ideas on the subject. 

Dr. Holmes does not antagonize; he does not make 
enemies; with all this he never compromises with 
wrong. When he knows he is right, he is a Gibraltar 
against any opposition. He does not answer public 
clamor which may think him wrong, but awaits the 
miracles which time brings, with the satisfaction of a 
man who knows lie is doing right. 

His eminent fairness to everyone, his earnestness of 
purpose, his tremendous energy for accomplishment, 

a penalty is provided. There was considerable opposi- his refusal to be stirred or swerved from his way by 
t.on to this plan at first until the owners of the coal captious criticisms, have won him a host of strong 
saw that they were getting a fairer deal than ever friends throughout the country. 

DRAMATICS, 1912-13 



The Dramatic Club has just closed an eventful 
season: it survived a reorganization, and it made a hit 
—a palpable hit. The palpable element totaled $1,027.00 
in window receipts, of which sum over $200.00 is net 

The reorganization, first. The appointment of a 
faculty committee of three marked the beginning of 
the effort to put dramatics on its feet. The number 
of committeemen proved an important factor ; it 
trebled the usual number of rehearsals. Professors 
McKie, Cross, and Booker, members of the staff of 
the English department, composed this committee. 

The situation it faced was not encouraging. A half- 
dozen men, chiefly Sophomores, attended the first 
meeting of the Dramatic Club. It was at once obvious 
that the size and non-representative character of the 
club membership necessitated a reorganization. A 
mass-meeting was called for this purpose, and the aid 
of upper-classmen was sought. The prompt assistance 
of the older men called on gave the meeting an attend- 
ance that was satisfactory in numbers and representa- 
tive in character. Those present formed a new club. 
The officials who had been elected at the last meeting of 
the old organization assisted in the election of Seniors 
to the offices of the new one. The following were 
elected: A. L. M. Wiggins, President; T. M. Ram 
saur, Secretary; A. A. McKay, Treasurer; J. C. 
P>usby, Business Manager. 

The new organization proceeded at once to business. 
It fixed the annual dues at 25 cents, adopted for pres 
entation Broadhurst's lively farce-comedy "What 

Happened to Jones" — suggested by Mr. W. H. Harrell, 
and recommended by the faculty commitee and de- 
cided to open the season with an Amateur Night. This 
last was an experiment. It proved enjoyable in itself, 
and swelled the club membership in consequence. 

Perhaps, also, the Amateur Night gave the actors' 
art a much needed advertisement. At all events, thirty- 
three candidates for the cast appeared. The try-out 
covered several weeks. The result follows: Join-, 
the hero, drummer for a hymn-book house, C. L. Cog- 
gins (Salisbury) ; Cissy, the heroine, ward of Ebenezer 
Goodly, IT. C. Conrad (Pfafftown 1 : Ebenezer Goodly, 
Professor of Anatomy, W. P. M. Weeks i Washing- 
ton, D.C.) ; Mrs. Goodly, Ebenezer's wife, H. B. John 
son (Charlotte); Alvina Starlight, verging on 
the passee, Mrs. Goodly's sister, W. B. Pitts 
(Charlotte) ; Marjorie and Minerva, Ebenezer's daugh- 
ters, C. A. Boseman (Enfield) and \Y. N. Post (Wil- 
mington) ; Richard Heatherly. Marjorie's affianced 
husband. G. S. Bryan (Scott's Hill) ; Anthony Goodly, 
D.D.. Bishop of Ballarat, Ebenezer's brother, G. V. 
Whitfield (Wallace); Holder, policeman, B. D. Apple- 
white (Wilson) : Bigbee, an inmate of the sanatorium. 
M. C. Parrotl (Kinston) ; Puller. Superintendent of 
the sanatorium, J. C. Busby (Salisbury); Helma, 
Swedish servant girl, Don Harris I \.sheville). Vfter 
the cast had been shaken down, systematic rehearsing 
was begun. 

( >ne very effective aid to the coaches should be nun 
tioned here. \ committee of ladies consented to assist 
with the feminine roles and make-ups. This committee 
was composed of Mrs. William Morton Dey (Chair- 



man i. Mrs. James Finch Roystcr, Mrs. George Mc- 
Farland IVIcKie, and Miss Louise \ enable. It supplied 
invaluable criticism and many timely stitches, and it 
enlisted the sympathy of other ladies in the commun- 
ity, Mrs. Edward Kidder Graham, Mrs. Joseph Hyde 
Pratt, Mrs. Frederick Patterson, and Miss Sally 
Royster, who contributed generously to the cast's 

Out of the welter of rehearsals the cast emerged 
before its first Chapel Hill audience. The opening 
performance moved The Tar Heel to editorial enthus- 
iasm: "Dramatics here reached their thus far highest 
point Tuesday evening with the unparalleledly suc- 

Tul presentation of 'What Happened to Jones' . . . 
It (the production) has been pronounced by everybody 
who saw it an unqualified success, and by many the 
biggest hit of the kind that they have ever known. - ' 
These are mere fragments ! 

The first two performances abroad were given sev- 
eral days apart, at St. Mary's, in Raleigh, and at the 
State Normal, in Greensboro. At Raleigh, the Wake 
County Alumni gave a delightful dance in honor of 
the visiting players. In both cities the reception of the 
cast's efforts was as spontaneous as that accorded them 
at home. Besides flattering accounts in The News and 
Observer, and in the Greensboro papers, which are not 
now at hand, the following appeared in the Raleigh 
Times (an extract) : "The cast is composed of a 
baker's dozen of bright young men. The playing isn't 
merely a take-off of the women, but is real comedy, in 
which men of talent find exercise of their abilities. The 
training of the players has been usquestionably good. 
There was mighty little of the amateurish about them. 
The polish has been put on.'' The most pronounced 
tribute was felt to be an invitation by the Woman's 
Club of Raleigh to play a second time in that city. 

And Raleigh was not the only return engagement, 
i )n Thursday morning of Senior week, a souvenir per- 
formance of "Jones'' was given for the benefit of the 
visiting girls. At the close of the play the young lady 
who held the lucky seat number received a large silver 
frame containing the photograph of Jones. The prize 
was presented by all the actors in an impromptu inter- 

On the seventh of April, the cast, accompanied by 
its most experienced coach. Professor McKie, 
took the road for a week's tour. The schedule 
included Fayetteville, Wilmington, Kinston, Clin- 
ton. Smithfield. and Wendell. Tt was carried 
through without a hitch. The barnstormers brought 
back reports of triumphs enlivened with jollifications. 

vSome snatches from the only two newspaper 
accounts at hand will give a flavor of the write-ups : 
The JJ'ilmington Star: "Very little of the amateurish 
can be found in their presentation, and in some of the 
situations of the piece their interpretation is entirely 

satisfactory from the most critical viewpoint 

The development of the plot proceeded as smoothly 
as it could have done in the hands of professionals. 
The lines were spoken with an assurance and inflection 
that is possible only when the actor is completely at 
ease. Much of the stage business was excellent .... 
as good a farce-comedy as is seen in the common run 
on this dramatic circuit The most commend- 
able quality of the Dramatic Club's presentation was 
team work and balance." And The Satnpson Demo- 
crat: "There was little in the presentation of the play 
that savored of amateurs. The female characters 
were not boys disguised as such, they were girls, real 
girls, living, superbly acting their parts. Jones was 
Jones — not an imitation by Coggins — but Jones, the 
irrepressible, the hero, the villain, all in the same 
breath. The professor, his wife, the old maid; all of 
them were as faithful delineations of character as one 
usually sees on the stage. Some of the roles in the cast 
were minor ones, of course, but none of them were 
acted poorly.' - Along the line of march — and. for the 
matter of that, in Chapel Hill, Raleigh, and Greens- 
boro, also — the "hit" scored varies from "distinct" to 
"tremendous;" the audiences find themselves in states 
of mind ranging from "well-pleased" to "enthusiastic" ; 
and they laugh "heartily." "uproariously" — even "riot- 
ously." In one instance the audience "howled" (The 
reporter is no more specific than that). 

Enough! Nothing definite there. The size of the 
audiences may be a surer indication of public sentiment. 
It reached high-water mark in several places. As 
almost a capacity house saw the Wilmington perform- 
ance, the audience in that place may have passed the 
seven hundred mark, reached at Greensboro. At all 
events, over $500.00 worth of tickets was sold for that 
evening; and the King's Daughters, under whose 
auspices the play was given, netted over $300.00 
towards a fund for the maintenance of a district nurse. 
Of course, local influences account for the unusually 
large house in this instance ; but in Kinston and Clin- 
ton these influences were lacking, and in both towns 
the cast played to record houses. 

Everywhere on the trip alumni had arranged for the 
reception and entertainment of the cast. The welcome 
was general, but certain features seem particularly well 
remembered: the oyster- roast at Wrightsville Beach. 



under the direction of Mr. Louis Goodman ; the 
reception by the ladies of Clinton; and the Clinton 

An effort is being made to keep an accurate business 
record of the trips away from home. In addition to 
his financial statement, the manager has been instructed 
to prepare a report covering details of a miscellaneous 
but important character : the names of the people and 
organizations interested — especially ladies' clubs, high 
schools, and alumni — rates of hotels, railroads, and 
theater managers ; and similar matters — to be illumin- 
ated by comment of a personal nature. 

And now — flowers ! But it is in a spirit of justice 
rather than compliment that the following statement— 
the opinion of all the coaches — is made. The man- 
agership of J. C. Busby has been marked by energy, 
ability, and enthusiasm. In the cast, where rival 
claims conflict, the verdict of the newspapers is offered 
first. Coggins, Conrad, Weeks, Pitts, and Johnson are 
the favorites, with Harris figuring prominently among 
the minor roles. And the coaches? Coggins showed 
the most continuous improvement. On the other hand 
Weeks' conception of his part was almost entirely his 
own, and it was acceptable from the start. To a cer- 
tain extent the same might be said of Pitts. There 
was comparatively little touching-up of Johnson's role, 
also; and that little availed less. Conrad "had a good 
deal to go on," and he went further. So much for the 
stars. Of the men in the minor roles, Bryan im- 
proved steadily, and Applewhite displayed consider- 
able talent. Harris had played his part before. The 
bouquets are exhausted. It should be added, however, 
that the coaches came to rely upon the earnestness of 
Weeks, Coggins, and Bryan as a factor in the disci- 
pline of the cast. No doubt the example of these men 
helped; certain it is that the cast effort to put Dra- 
matics on its feet was met by the onslaught of the 
coaches with that brand of Carolina spirit that "has 
the punch." 

Exit 1912-IP13. Curtain! 

John Manning Booker, 
Chairman of the Faculty Committee on Dramatics. 

Indications Point to an Enrollment of Six Hundred 

Complete illustrated and descriptive folders have 
recently been mailed out by the University regarding 
the Summer School for 1913. The session, which is 
the twenty-sixth, will open on Tuesday, Juno ir, and 

continue until Wednesday, July 23, a period of six 

Instruction will be given 111 English, History, Latin. 
Greek, German, French, Mathematics, Physics, Astron- 
omy, Geography, Chemistry, Library Methods, Edu- 
cation, Drawing, Writing, Music. Agriculture, Nature 
Study, and School Gardening. In addition to the 
regular courses of instruction, there will be a series of 
daily lectures and round-table conferences running 
through the entire term, for the presentation and dis- 
cussion of vital school problems and topics relating to 
every practical phase of school work. These confer- 
ences will be made as genuinely helpful as it is possible 
to make them. Topics of especial interest to pros- 
pective teachers, rural school teachers, grade teachers 
in the city schools, high school teachers, principals, and 
superintendents will be presented and discussed. 

For the first time in the history of the school a 
typical two-teacher elementary school will l)e con- 
ducted for the purpose of observation and practice. 
Regular class work covering the first seven grades will 
be carried on. Teachers pursuing courses in Element- 
ary School Methods will be required, under the direc- 
tion of the instructors, to observe the work of these 
grades, to prepare and to teach assigned lessons from 
approved lesson plans, and to carry out in actual prac- 
tice the principles presented and studied in class. All 
observation and practice teaching will be done under 
the direct supervision of expert critic teachers. 

As in former years, the School offers its benefits to 
the following classes: 1. Teachers in high schools, 
and those intending to teach, who desire belter general 
training for their work; 2. Teachers who desire spe- 
cial training in any branches offered; 3. Teachers in 
elementary schools, or those preparing to teach, who 
wish to improve their general scholarship, or who 
wish to study the methods used with primary and 
intermediate classes in our besl schools; 4. Prospective 
students of the University or of other colleges who 
wish to make up deficiencies in their entrance require- 
ments; 5. Teachers who expect to take the State ex- 
amination in July for either the High School Teachers' 
Certificate or the Five-Year State Certificate. 

Regular examinations will lie held at the close ol 
the term and certificates will be issued to those who 
pass satisfactory examinations. These certificates will 
lie accepted under the provisions of the general school 
law of the State in the place of attendance upon local 
teachers' institutes Teachers who wish to apply to 
the State Board of Examiners for the High School 



Teachers' Certificate and the Five- Year State certifi- 
cate will have an opportunity to review thoroughly the 
main subjects on which they are to he examined. The 
State examinations for these certificates will be held 
July 10 and n. 

No tuition fees will be charged teachers or those 
preparing to teach, except in a few specially designated 
courses, but a registration fee of $5.00 will be required 
of .ill students. 

Reservations are being made for ladies in the Vance- 
Pettigrew Battle, Mary Ann Smith, and Carr dormi- 
tories. Other dormitories will be assigned the men, 
and the University Inn and Commons Hall will be used 
as dining-halls. The new Peabody Building will be 
brought into service, and the entire University will 
be laid under tribute to the School. 

The success of the School last year and the corres- 
pondence concerning reservations to date, give indica- 
tions that the attendance at the approaching term will 
be the largest in the history of the University. An 
additional feature which promises to add to the suc- 
cess of the term is the provision for a Rural Life Week 
which will bring- to the University a number of noted 

public speakers and social workers who will discuss 
problems relating to rural life in North Carolina. 

The following faculty and special lecturers will give 
instruction and participate in the school : President 
F. P. Venable, Director N. W. Walker, Dean E. K. 
Graham, Dr. George Howe, Dr. J. G. deR. Hamilton, 
Prof. M. H. Stacy, Prof. A. H. Patterson, Dr. Louis 
R. Wilson, Supt. Adolphe Vermont, Dr. T. P. Harri- 
son, Dr. H. W. Chase, Prof. G. M. McKie. Miss Mary 
O. Graham, Supt. S. L. Sheep, Mr. R. D. W. Connor, 
Dr. J. M. Bell, Supt. H. P. Harding, Mr. V. L. Chrisler, 
Dr. T. J. Wilson. Mr. J. E. Smith, Miss L. N. Jones, 
Miss Leila M. Cobb, Prof. Gustav Hagedorn, Mrs. 
Gustav Hagedorn, Miss E. W. Truitt, Mr. G. K. G. 
Henry, Mr. H. B. Marrow. Mrs. J. M. Weatherspoon, 
Mrs. T. E. Johnston, Mr. E. A. Hodson. Dr. Charles 
De Garmo, Mr. E. R. Jackson, Dr. W. S. Rankin, Mr. 
L. C. Brogden, Miss Minnie W. I.eatherman, Mr. Karl 
Jansen, Rabbi George Solomon. Dr. J. Y. Toyner, Dr. 
Kemp P. Battle, Dr. J. I. Foust. Hon. Josephus Dan- 
iels. Mr. Clarence H. Poe. Prof. M. C. S. Noble, Dr. 
Joseph Hyde Pratt. Dr. W. P. Reaves, Dr. A. P. Pou- 
lard. Mrs. W. R. Hollowell. Prof. I. O. Schaub. Dr. 
J. L. Coulter, Col. F. A. Olds. Supt. T. C. Griffin, Mrs. 
Beulah E. McNemar. 


The Debating Record Since 1897 

Carolina's proud record in inter-collegiate debating 
was sustained and an added stimulus given to it when, 
on April 19, in a triangular contest with Virginia and 
Johns Hopkins, at Baltimore and Charlottesville, she 
won both sides of the query: "Resolved, That without 
regard to the obligations of the Hay-Pauncefote 
Treaty, the tolls of the Panama Canal should be the 
same to the merchant ships of all nations." Against 
Hopkins she had the affirmative side, represented by 
Frank P. Graham and W. S. Tillett; against Virginia 
she had the negative, and was represented by W. F. 
Taylor and John C. Busby. 

The rejoicing in Chapel Hill was great, for hardly 
since the football victory of 1905 had so notable a 
victory been won. A tremendous bonfire was hastily 
constructed in front of the South Building when the 
news of the victory came over the wires, and the out- 
burst of enthusiasm was spontaneous. 

These victories make a total of twenty-seven vic- 
tories out of a total of thirty-seven inter-collegiate de- 
bates. Not a single series has been lost, and the fore- 

most institutions in the country, from Pennsylvania 
to Tulane and Vundcrbilt, have been met and van- 

In his affirmative argument against Hopkins, Frank 
Graham took up the international aspects of the Canal, 
and showed that since it was an international water- 
way it should be placed on the same basis to all nations. 
Tillett took up the business side of the question, and 
showed that even if American ships were exempted, 
the practical result would be harmful. 

Dr. C. Alphonso Smith presided over the debate, and 
the judges were members of the Virginia faculty, Drs. 
R. H. Dabney, W. M. Lile. C. A. Graves, T. W. Page, 
and Prof. W. H. Echols. The decision of the judges 
was three to two in favor of Carolina. 

Against Virginia, Taylor and Busby argued for the 
exemption of all American ships and of other ships 
doing business in American ports. The Virginia de- 
baters, Messrs. W. A. Adams and G. L. Bosman were 
not prepared for this, and their only argument was 
that the idea was not regarded seriously save in Chapel 


Hill. The decision of the judges here was three to 1908— George Washington, W. P. Stacy and T. W. Andrews; 

two, also. Dr. J. C. French presided over the debate, won b ^ Carolina. 

and the judges were members of the Hopkins faculty, ^oS-Georgia, C. W. Tillett, Jr.. and 0. R. Rand; won by 

Drs. G. E. Barnett, K. F. Smith, VV. W. Willoughby, _ ,. ar ° lina - _ T _ , f , _ w __ 

° J 1908 -Virginia, J. I. Johnston and |. \\ . 1 1 ester; won by 

C. K. Schwartz and J. M. Vincent. Carolina. 

At the same time that these debates were being held 1908— Pennsylvania, J. W. Umstead, Jr., and K. P. Bal 

at Baltimore and Charlottesville, Johns Hopkins and won by Carolina. 

Virginia were debating in Chapel Hill. Prof. W. S. """ x irginia, J. C. M. Vann and J. W. Umstead, Jr.; won 

Bernard presided over the debate here, and J. T. Prit- ljy Vir s inia - 

, , TT , . ... ., re. ")00 — Georgia, D. B. Teague and \ V . P. i.ner; won by 

chett acted as secretary. Hopkins with the affirmative Geor ia 

was represented by Leo Woolman and Lindsay Rogers, I000 _? ulanej u E Stacy and L r Matt hews; won by 

and Virginia with the negative was represented by H. Carolina. 

H. Kantner and C. M. Durance. The decision of the 1909— Pennsylvania, K. M. Highsmith and E. E Barnett; won 

judges was unanimous for the affirmative. The judges by Carolina. 

were: Drs. C. L. Raper and J. G. Hamilton, and t9io— Washington and Lee, W. R. Edmonds and H. E. Stacy; 

Professors H. H. Williams, E. K. Graham, and L. P. won by C T f r °' in ^ .,,.,, 

. , _ , 1910 — Georgia, F. N. Cox and C. E. Mcintosh; won by Caro- 

McGehee. lina 

Since the inauguration of intercollegiate debating in r0IO — Pennsylvania, C. L. Williams and W. F. Taylor; won 
1897, Carolina has won twenty-seven out of a total by Carolina. 

of thirty-seven debates that have been held. The list 191 1— Virginia, W. T. Joyner and W. A Dees; won by Vir 
of debates and debaters is given below : £ inia - 

1897— Georgia, H. G. Connor and D. B. Smith; won by 1911— Georgia, I. C. Moser and D. A. Lynch; won by Caro- 

Georgia. lina - 

1898— Georgia, W. J. Brogden and E. K. Graham; won by ion— Pennsylvania, C. R. Wharton and I'. P. Barker; won 

Carolina. b y Carolina. 

1899— Georgia, E. D. Broadhnrst and T. C. Bowie; won by 1912— Vanderbilt, C. E. Teague and C. D. Hogue; won by 

Carolina. Carolina. 

1 goo— Vanderbilt, W. S. Bernard and Whitehead Kluttz; won 1912— Tulane, L. P. McLendon and C. EC Burgess; won by 

by Carolina. Carolina. 

1000— Georgia, W. H. Swift and 1). P. Parker; won by Caro 1913— Virginia, W. F. Taylor and J. C. Busby; won by Caro- 
lina, lina. 

1901— Vanderbilt, B. B. Lane and W. H. Swift; won by Caro- rai3— Johns Hopkins, F. P. Graham and W, S. Tillett; won 

lina. by Carolina. 

1901— Georgia, D. P. Stern and R. R. Williams; won by K. R. Rankin, '13 


1902-Vanderbilt, T. A. Adams and C. Ross; won by Carolina. North Caro|;na Folklore Society 

T902— Johns Hopkins, D. P. Stern and R. R. Williams; won by 

Carolina The North Carolina Folklore Society was organized 

1902— Georgia, C. A. Bynum and R. W. Herring; won by in Raleigh on Faster Monday, by the election of Dr, 

Georgia. J. F. Royster, of the State University, as president, 

1903-Johns Hopkins, S. S. Robins and R. O. Everett; won by and Dr p q Q rown> f Trinity College, as secretary- 

aro ina treasurer. The meeting was held in the Senate 
1904— Georgia, I. C. Wright and A. H. Johnston; won by ,, , , , , r 

Carolina Chamber, and was well attended. A number oi gentle- 

1905— Washington and Lee, T. C. Wright and A. IT. King: men made short addresses, among them being Prof. 

won by Washington and Lee. B. F. Sledd, of Wake Foresl College; Profs. Collier 

1905-Georgia, H. S. Lewis and C. C. Barnhardt; won by Cobb and T p q tqss of ,, u . University, and Thomas 

* ?° rg - a 'w n t , t t p , k r v M. Pittinan. of Henderson. Prof.. 1. II. Hubbell, of 

1906— Georgia, W. B. Love and J. J. Parker; won by Carolina. ." 

1907-Virginia, J. J. Parker and E. S. W. Dameron; won by Wake Forest; M. G. Fulton, of Davidson; and George 

Carolina. Siinmey. Jr., of the A. & M. College; were named 

1907— George Washington, W. P. Stacy and R. C. Day; won committee on publication. As indicated by its name, 

by George Washington. tn j s soc j ety w ill study the folklore of the State, which 

1907-Georgia L. P. Mathews and C. J. Katzenstcin ; w,.„ ,„., v ])( , l|( .,, , ;,„,, ,., „ K . ( ,„„ uvlini ,. lillk , H ,, U ( ., n im „„ 
by Carolina. , . . , , . . , . , 

1907-Pennsylvania, P. M. Williams and T. W. Andrews; and superstition on the one hand and history on the 

won by Pennsylvania. Other. Chapel Hill NeWS. 



It will be of interest to the readers of The Re\ 11 w 
to know that the Young Men's Christian Association 
has probably had its best year of service in the Univer- 
sity. In many of the departments marked advance 
has been made, and the spirit in every department has 
been the best in years. 

Three hundred and seventy-six students and faculty 
men have become members of the Association this 
year, and more than three-fourths of the student mem- 
bers have become active members. A much larger 
number of seniors and freshmen than heretofore have 
joined the Association; also a larger number of fra- 
ternity men have been active in its work this year than 
last. The students who have been the leaders of the 
other college activities have been the leaders in the 

At the opening of college last Fall over two hun- 
dred students entered the voluntary Bible study courses 
offered by the Association. These classes were car- 
ried on for five months. Two of these classes had per- 
fect attendance for the five months and the majority 
of the other groups were well attended throughout 
the courses. The leaders of these groups were stu- 
dents, and these students were trained in Normal 
classes led by the secretary of the Association. At the 
close of the courses an informal reception was given 
in the V. M. C. A. to all the students who had been in 
i lie groups. Thirty students have been selected and 
are being trained for leadership in the Bible classes 
for next year. 

The Association offered two courses in the study 
of Missions, both of these being lecture courses. For 
several years Professor Patterson, of the Physics de- 
partment, has been giving a series of lecures on the 
problems of the country and city, beginning in the 
early Spring and running throughout the Spring tei-rfi. 
This series was given again this year. The other 
Mission course was on China, led by Rev. Mr. Moss, 
the Presbyterian minister of Chapel Hill. Many stu- 
dents were interested in the revolution and the prob- 
lems of the hew republic, so this course was popular 
from the very start. 

Through the Association five hundred dollars is 
pledged and raised toward the support of our Mis- 
sionary, Mr. Fugene F. Barnett, who resides at I Tang- 

chow, China. All of the subscriptions that have been 
pledged for this year have not been paid in. but the 
Missionary Committee hopes to get a large part of this 
before college closes in June. Interesting reports from 
Mr. Barnett show that he is getting on to the language, 
and in a short time will be able to be a leader in the 
Association movement in China. 

Marked progress has been made in the community 
service carried on by the Association. Besides sending 
out teachers and helpers to the six Sunday schools 
around the University, a circulating library, of three 
hundred volumes, given by the students and faculty, 
has been put into operation, and a union picnic of all 
the six schools was held in April. The Association is 
planning to look after the country people who come to 
Commencement and see that they are made welcome 
on the campus. Larger plans are being made for these 
people by next year's committee on neighborhood work. 

Two large Bible classes were started among the ne- 
groes in the early Spring. The attendance upon these 
classes has been ver) good about thirty-five in each 
class. The leaders of these classes have become so 
enthusiastic in this work that the Association has 
formed a colored work department. The chairman of 
this committee is planning for a night school for the 
negroes next year. Less drunkenness, better sanitary 
conditions, and cleaner living among the negroes in 
the district wesl of Chapel Mill have resulted from the 
efforts of these young men for the negroes this year. 

The prayer meetings have overshadowed the regu- 
lar devotional meetings of the Association. The at- 
tendance on these meetings has been fifty, and almosi 
every man who attended took part in the discussions. 

Every year, in June, there is held a conference of 
college men, in the western part of the State, to train 
leaders in the Association work and to discuss \- 
sociation problems. Last year the University was rep 
resented with eight delegates, and it is hoped thai the 
Association will send a larger delegation this year. 

Xo greater service has the Association rendered to 
the student body this year than through the Vssocia 
tion House itself. 1'eginning in the earlv Fall, from 
early morning till late at night the building has been 
tilled with students. Senior and sophomore smokers 
were held in it, as well as Bible study receptions. In- 
tercollegiate debaters' banquets, Count) Club socials, 
etc. The Y. M. C. V was the headquarters for the 
High School Debating Union, which met in Chapel Hill 



in February; also the High School Track meet which 
was held here in April. Coach Trenchard uses it for 
his football classes, and practically every organization 
in college uses it for its meetings. There is no build- 
ing on the campus that has such a large use. 

The following figures, furnished by the treasurer of 
the Association to the Advisory Board May 7, show 
the financial condition of the Association : 


Received from former treasurer $ 15.22 

Membership - 358-5° 

Faculty iai-75 

Alumni and Trustees 254.25 

Parents - 19-5° 

Rents 105.40 

Lyceum 680.25 

University of North Carolina 3U-04 

Miscellaneous 4.25 


Secretary's salary _ $ 950.00 

International Committee Y. M. C. A 20.00 

Lyceum 442.00 

Reading-room, papers, etc _ 18.30 

Building, repairs, etc 82.70 

Speakers 14-5° 

Loss on handbook _ 1500 

Contributed to High School Track Meet 10.00 

Balance on typewriter 25.00 

Note at People's Bank, and interest sixty days 126.25 

Yackety Yack _ 10.00 

Printing, incidentals, old accounts, stamps, station- 
ery, stenographic work 122.40 

Departmental Work 47-3 

Total Disbursements $1,883.38 

Balance cash on hand 


Total receipts _ $1,940.16 


lv M 1 l.u.i., Secretary 



The baseball season closed with the defeats by Wake 
Forest in Durham and Raleigh by the same score of 
8 to 2. Smith of Wake Forest held the Carolina bats- 
men to their smallest scores. Back of him was Frank 

Thompson's machine — Billings, Utley, Lowe — the best 
team Carolina met this season. The other decisive 
games were the even break with Virginia, and the de 
feat by A. & M., in some respects tin- mosl dramatic 
game of the season. 

I'. vseball Squad, [913 



The first Virginia game, after two rainouts, was 
played in Greensboro, on .Monday, April 14. As The 
Tar Heel says, the jinx was lifted from Cone Athletic 
Field by a Carolina victory of 5 to 4. There are various 
theories as to the moving cause of course you know 
that for all the times that Carolina has won from Vir- 
ginia in Winston, Charlotte, and Charlottesville, it 
has been a rare afternoon when the White and Blue 
was waving victoriously toward sundown in Greens- 
boro. The time was changed by the cloud gods from 
the week-end to Monday. The Normal girls were not 
there — or was it all because Ben Aycock pitched 
superb ball, and Hubert Bailey uncrowded the bases 
with a drive for three bases. Anyhow, those whose 
names are written across the athletic notes pray the 
rain gods to stay removed on this annual day, and im- 
plore the fair and noble six hundred from the Normal 
green to have tickets with seats reserved. 

The score: 

R H E 

Carolina 005 000 00 0—5 8 I 

Virginia 200 010 10 — 4 5 3 

Summary: Two-base hits — Leak, Finley. Sacrifice hits- 
Williams, NefT, Beckwith. Struck out— by Aycock, 5; by Neff, 
8; by Grant, I. Stolen bases, Edwards, Williams, K. Bailey, 
Finley, Beckwith. Time, 1.55. Umpire, Sisson. 

In the second Virginia came, Carolina won the game, 
threw it away, and decided too late to get it back. The 
score jumped from 6 to o, to 6 to 12, in five innings, 
and remained doubled in Virginia's favor until the 
ninth, when H. Bailey drove two men home ahead of 
him, while the Virginia outfield was trying to keep in 
sight of the ball beyond the race track. Aycock was 
badly off color ; Craven tried one inning, and Graves 
held Virginia rimless after the fifth. 

The score: 

R H E 

Carolina 402 000 00 3 — 9 13 4 

Virginia 004 080 00 x — 12 10 3 

Summary: Three-base hits — Phillips and Fitchett; home- 
run — H. Bailey; base on balls — off Grant, 2; Aycock, Craven, 
1 ; Graves, 2. Struck out — by Grant, 12; Aycock, 1 ; Graves, I. 

It was Carolina's sorry ball playing in the first inning 
that gave A. & M. a five run lead. But it was her 
challenged spirit and unquitting gameness that made 
the other eight innings superior in class and doubtful 
in outcome. With a lead of five runs to overcome, 
Craven and Knowles supplanted Aycock and 
Hart, and the team tightened behind the new bat- 
tery with a determination that put the decisive run in 

the last half of the ninth. The pitching of Craven and 
the hitting and fielding of Leak and Thompson feat- 
ured for Carolina. 

The score: 

R H E 

A. & M 500 100 00 1 — 7 10 6 

Carolina 000 1 30 2—6 10 7 

Batteries, Russell and Winston; Aycock and Hart, Craven, 
Greaves and Knowles. Umpire, Henderson. Attendance, 

Karl Bailey has been chosen by the baseball team to 
be Captain for 1914. Bailey graduated from the Uni- 
versity in 191 1, and takes his degree in law this spring. 
Next year he will do graduate work in the Academic 
school, and continue his study of law. His baseball 
career has been marked by a steady rise from the class 
and scrub teams to the varsity. With two years' expe- 
rience on the varsity, coupled with a clear head and 
instinctive baseball sense, Bailey is the outstanding 
man for the 1914 captaincy. Good luck to "Rabbit.'' 


Nat Cartmell's string of track hopes doubled the 
-1 ore on A. & M. in the dual meet; copped the champ- 
ionship is the annual State meet, and disappointed 
themselves and the college by finishing fifth in the 
Southern meet at Baltimore. 

In the meet with A. & M., W'oollcott, Spence, Sears, 
Smith, Captain Patterson, and Struthers won nine first 
places in the thirteen events. W'oollcott won fifteen in- 
dividual points. The final score was 80 to 36. 

By winning the State meet in Raleigh, Carolina won 
the State track championship for the third successive 
year, and brought home the beautiful loving cup of- 
fered by the Raleigh Chamber of Commerce. The 
score was : Carolina, 53^ ; A. & M., 36 ; Wake Forest, 
28; Trinity, 24. Carolina took eight first places, and 
won the relay race, spectacular to the finish. George 
Strong added inches to the State record in the pole 
vault, clearing the bar at eleven feet. 

In the Baltimore meet, the Natmen did not show 
their usual form. The injury of Cobb and the indis- 
position of W'oollcott were not material enough to have 
made a decisive difference in the final result, which 
placed Virginia first, Hopkins second, Georgetown 
third, V. P. I. fourth, Carolina fifth, A. & M. sixth, 
and Washington and Lee seventh. Only one Carolina 
man showed his real class; Strong finished second in 
the pole vault, at eleven feet. 



Last year Carolina won the State meet, and finished 
second in the Southern meet. This year Carolina 
dropped in the Southern meet, but won the dual meet 

Relay Team 

with A. & M., the three-year championship loving cup, 
and the relay race with the Carlisle Indians. All 
Carolina men will be glad to know that Cartmell will 
be back next year, to keep track athletics in the high 
position in which he placed it in his three years as 


Paralleling in significance the High School Debat- 
ing Union Contest, the first interscholastic track meet 
was held on the University campus, April 11, with 
signal success. High Point won first place; Friend- 
ship, second; and Horner School, third. In the dis- 
trict meet of the east-central county schools, Friend- 
ship won first place; Cary, second; and East Durham, 
third. Individual stars were Green, of Cary, who won 
three firsts and one second; and Hoffman, of High 
Point, with two firsts and a second; Bowen and Mills 
of Raleigh tied in the pole vault, at 9 feet, 7 inches. 
Isley of Friendship jumped 5 feet, 5^4 inches. Ranson 
of Huntersville ran the half-mile in 2 minutes and 14 
seconds, and Moser the quarter in 56 3-5 seconds. In 
the championship relay race, Friendship was first ; 

Goldsboro, second ; Horner, third ; and High Point, 

The events: 100-yard dash — Klingman, of Horner, 
first; Perry, of Graham, second; Allen, of Goldsboro, 
third; Wyrick, of Greensboro, fourth. Time, 11 

220-yard dash — Hoffman, of High Point, first; 
McAlister, of Greensboro, second; Williams, of Gra- 
ham, third ; Morphew, of Horner, fourth. Time, 24 3-5 

120-yard low hurdles — Hoffman, of High I 'oint, 
first ; Holding, of Horner, second ; Cousar, of Bing- 
ham, third. Time, 17 seconds. 

Ilalf-mile — Ranson, of Huntersville, first; Barton, 
of High Point, second; Wolfe, of Greensboro, third; 
Homewood, of Friendship, fourth. Time, 2 minutes 
14 seconds. 

Mile run — Barton, of High Point, first ; Moser, of 
Friendship, second; Denmark, of Raleigh, third; Royall, 
of Goldsboro, fourth. Time, 5 minutes 24-5 second- 
Shot put — L. Isley, of Friendship, first ; Davis, of 
Hillsboro, second; Robinson, of Horner, thud; 
Wyrick, of Greensboro, fourth. Distance, 37 feet 4''> 

Hammer throw — L. Isley, of Friendship, first : 
Homewood, of Friendship, second; Ray, of Graham, 
third. Distance, 112 feet 9 inches. 

High-jump — Wyrick, of Greensboro, first; Mills, of 
Raleigh, second; McCutcheon, of Bingham, third. 5 
feet 3 inches. 

Broad-jump — Randall, of Horner, first; Hoffman, 
of High Point, second; Mills, of Raleigh, third ; Perry, 
of Graham, fourth. 19 feet u inches. 

Pole-vault — Bowen and Mills, of Raleigh, tied for 
first, at 9 feet 7 inches; Groom, of Jamestown, third. 

District County School events: 100-yard dash — 
Green of Cary, first; Goodwin, of East Durham, sec- 
ond; Hutchins, of Chapel Hill, third. Time, 104-5 

220-yard dash — Green, of Cary, first: Hutchins, of 
Chapel Hill, second; Loy, of Friendship, third. 
Time, 25 seconds. 

440-yard dash — Moser, first; Isley, second; Home- 
wood, third; all of Friendship. Time, 563 5 seconds. 

Shot put — Green, of Cary, first ; I., [sley, of Friend 
ship, second; Loy, of Friendship, third. I 1 , 40 




Hammer throw— L. Isley, of Friendship, first; 
Green, of Gary, second; Homevvood, of Friendship, 
third. Distance. 1 10 feet 8>2 inches. 

Broad jump— Green, of Gary, first; Goodwin, ol 
i Durham, second; B. Isley, of Friendship, third. 
Distance, 20 feet 9 inches. 

p l e vault— B. Isley, of Friendship, first; Groome, 
of Jamestown, second; Moser, of Friendship, third. 
9 feet 5^2 inches. 

The meet was inaugurated by the Greater Council 
with the hope of bringing the University and the State 
into closer relations of service, and to the further end 
of reciprocal benefit and understanding between the 
\ ital parts of the State's system of public education. 
Almost one hundred young athletes came, vied for 
the mastery, and took the news of the contest and a 
glimpse of this campus out to the people to whom it 


Malcolm N. Oates and Lenoir Chambers, the Varsity 
tennis team, represented the University at the South- 
ern Inter-collegiate Tennis Tournament, at Columbia, 
May 5, 6, and 7. In doubles they reached the finals, 
only to lose to Clemson after three close sets; and in 
singles, Oates again reached the finals, and again fell 
before J. O. Erwin, of Clemson, who by virtue of his 
victory becomes the Southern Inter-collegiate cham- 
pion, and he and his brother, J. W. Erwin, become 
doubles champions. 

The tournament was attended by two teams from the 
University of Georgia, two teams from the University 
of South Carolina, one team from Georgia Tech, Clem- 
son, and North Carolina. The weather throughout was 
ideal, and the play reached a level not often attained 
-outh of Washington. 

On the first day Chambers was put out by the re- 
doutable Erwin, 6-3, 6-1, while Oates won from Lind- 
say of Georgia, 6-3, 6-2. In doubles, the Tar Heels 
easily defeated Lindsay and Robinson, of Georgia, 6-1, 

- The second day was a busy one for < fates. In 
the morning, he took J. W. Erwin's measure, 6-2, 6-2; 
and in the afternoon defeated Hall, of Georgia Tech, 
6-3, 6-3. That same afternoon Oates and Chambers 
disposed of Waring and Cary. of South Carolina, 6-2, 

The Erwin brothers, in the meantime had been 
sweeping everything before them in doubles, and 
J. O. Erwin had not been hard pushed in singles. On 
the morning of May 7, he and Oates met for the 

championship. The match was the best of the tourna- 
ment. Oates jumped away with a three-game lead, 
but Erwin's steadiness and tremendous smashing cut 
down the vantage. They tied at 4-all, but Erwin took 
the set, 6-4, and started out viciously in the second set, 
having a 3-to-i lead before Oates rallied. Then the 
latter's pretty net play and strong service carried him 
within a point of the set at 5-3. With that good lead, 
Oates let down, and Erwin finally won the set, 7-5. 
The third set was as hard fought as either of the others, 
but Erwin held the upper hand and broke through at 


The doubles in the afternoon brought out another 

grand fight, with the Erwins having a slight advan- 
tage. Oates and Chambers relied principally on their 
lobbing, but it was met by effective smashing. Both the 
Carolinians were unsteady at the net, and were not 
able to handle hard drives. The sets were all close, 
but Clemson took three straight, 7-5, 6-4, 6-4. 

During the tournament the organization of the 
Southern Inter-collegiate Tennis Association was per- 
fected, with Tom Brand of Georgia as President, M. 
X. Oates, Vice-President, and J. VV. Erwin, Secret a 1 y 
and Treasurer. The tournament next year will be held 
in Augusta. Ga. 

The 1913 Yackety Yack 

The 1913 Yackety Yack, just received from the 
< >bserver Printing House, of Charlotte, has many new 
and interesting features. The cover is of flexible cow- 
hide of a grayish color. It has tin- usual group of 
buildings, the South, the ( )ld East, and the ( )ld West, 
with the well in the center: but the design differs from 
that of last year. The book is dedicated to Junius 
Parker, of Xew York, a distinguished alumnus who 
is attorney for the American Tobacco Company, on 
every page a gray tinted skyline view of the campus is 

The entire volume is divided into six main divisions, 
or books. The first concerns the University; the 
ond, the undergraduate classes; the third, the profes 
sional schools; the fourth, athletics; the fifth, organi- 
zations; and the sixth, college life, which includes the 
humor department. Instead of having the usual car- 
toon beside the individual Senior picture, there 
small kodak picture of a characteristic pose. This 
same idea is extended to all the organizations, each 
of which has an informal characteristic picture in ad- 
dition to the usual formal ones. The entire volume i< 
cially noteworthy for the large number of pictures 
of every sort; in all there are over seven hundred. 



The literary features include a history of the prin- 
cipal progressive movements of the college year, writ- 
ten by S. R. Winters; and a sketch of the interesting 
places around Chapel Hill and the University, by Dr. 

The Junior Class has been honored with individual 
pictures, a distinctly new feature. Tbe humor depart- 
ment, in many respects the most interesting in the 
whole book, has the addition of an unusually large num- 
ber of pictures. The principal cartoons come from 
the pen of Mr. Russell Henderson, cartoonist on the 
P'ittsburg Post, who has handled this work so well in 
the past. 

All in all, the Yackety Yack is a fine volume, and is 
a distinct credit to the editors: A. L. M. Wiggins, 
editor-in-chief, J. Y. Caldwell, I. R. Williams, Lenoir 
Chambers, George L. Carrington, B. D. Applewhite, 
J. S. Simmons, W. S. Beam, S. W. Whiting, T. I. Jones, 
T. C. Boushall, M. N. Oates, George V. Strong, V. A. 
Coulter, T. S. Royster, H. C. Long, R. T. Allen, K. C. 
Royal, and Frank Drew. The business managers are 
I. M. Bailey and M. T. Spears. 

U. N. C. Men Propose Amendments to the State Constitution 

The Legislative Committee appointed by the recent 
legislature to make recommendations as to amendments 
to the State constitution to be submitted to the 
people at the next general election for ratification met 
at noon April 21 for organization and elected Hon. 
A. M. Scales as chairman and Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr., 
of Raleigh, as clerk. 

The commission was called to order by Governor 
Craig, who declared that in his opinion no body of 
men could have been selected from all the State who 
would discharge with more honesty and patriotism the 
duties devolving on the commission than they; and 
that no more important work will come to this genera- 
tion in North Carolina than that entrusted to this com- 
mission. He predicted harmonious and thorough 
work, that will meet with the complete approval of the 
Legislature, and be ratified by the people at the ballot 

The commission is composed of eighteen members, 
five of whom were appointed by the governor, five by 
the president of the senate, and eight by the speaker 
of the house. They are as follows: 

Appointed by the Governor: A. M. Scales, of Guil- 
ford; J. W. Bailey, of Wake; D. Y. Cooper, of Vance; 

H. O. Alexander, of Mecklenburg, and N. J. Rouse, 
of Lenoir. On part of the senate: II. W. Stubbs, of 
Martin; A. D. Ward, of Craven; T. M. Washington, 
of Wilson; A. D. Ivie, of Rockingham: and A. T. 
Grant, of Davie. On part of the house: R. J. Justice, 
of Guilford; R. A. Doughton, of Alleghany: II. A. 
Page, of Moore; W . A. Devin, of Granville ; C. S. Wal- 
lace, of Carteret; E. R. Wooten, of Lenoir; R. R. Wil- 
liams, of Buncombe, and R. L. Haymore, of Surry. 

1 )f these the following are former University men: 
A. M. Scales, chairman; J. B. Cheshire, Jr., clerk; 
H. W. Stubbs, A. D. Ward, A. D. Ivie. A. T. Grant. 
R. A. Doughton. W. A. Devin, K. R. Women. R. R. 
Williams, N. J; Rouse. 

The High School Debating Union for 1913-M4 
Plans have been perfected whereby the Debating 
Union has been placed on a permanent basis, and is 
now looking ahead for a successful debate for the 
Spring of 1914. Mr. E. R. Rankin, '13, who served 
as Secretary of the Committee this year, will return to 
college to continue the organization and prosecution 
of this work. A letter has been sent to more than three 
hundred schools within the past week, enlisting support 
among the high schools and soliciting suggestions as to 
changes in rules and choice of query. 

The committee will decide on the question for debate 
after the responses are canvassed and will work out 
a brief, references, and selected articles during the 
Summer, and will distribute the material to the schools 
not later than < tctober. The contests will be held, as 
this year, at some time in the early Spring. 

Tn addition to the debating contest, the committee 
plans to arrange a High School Track meet to be par- 
ticipated in by schools from the entire State. It is also 
probable thai a conference for High School Teachers, 
similar to the one held at the opening of I'eahody Mall, 
will also be held at the same tune, the object being to 

bring the high schools and the Universitj together in 
a series of events which may he styled High School 
Week. It' this is done, the holidays which formerly 
have gone to Spring dances may be utilized in making 
the high schools and the University more intimatel) 
acquainted in a healthful, vital wa\ 

The plan has great possibilities It remains for the 
University and Societies to realize them. The com 
mittee follows: Prof. X. W. Walker. Dr. I. R Wil- 
son, E, R. Rankin, Secretary, J. I'. Pugh, M. R. Dunn- 
agan, I. G. Lee, I S. Cansler, and Wade Kornegy. 




To be issued monthly except in July, August, Septem- 
ber and January, by the General Alumni Association of the 
University of North Carolina. 

Board of Publication 
The Review is edited by the following Board of Publication: 

Louis R. Wilson, '99 Editor 

Associate Editors: G. T. Winston, '66-'68; E. K. Graham, 

'98; Archibald Henderson, '98; W. S. Bernard, '00; 

J. K. Wilson, '05; Louis Graves, '02; F. P. Graham, '09; 

Kenneth Tanner, '11. 
Walter Murphy, '92 Managing Editor 

Subscription Price 

Single Copies - - — - —..$0.25 

Per Year - — - 1 00 

Communications intended for the Editor should be 
sent to Chapel Hill, N. C; for the Managing Editor, to 
Salisbury, N. C. All communications intended for pub- 
lication must be accompanied with signatures if they are 
to receive consideration. 


Entered at the Postoffice at Charlotte, N. C, as second 
class matter. 


In looking over the developments in modern educa- 
tional theory, the revolutionary changes in school prac- 
tice, one is struck nowadays with two things, pri- 
marily. In the first place, the "new crop" of men pro- 
duced by this University has developed a new type of 
educational leader, less eloquent perhaps than the older 
generation, but indubitably set upon the acquisition of 
a higher degree of educational efficiency. And in the 
second place, these men are showing their mastery of 
the problems of scholastic education by intensive 
study of these problems, and by their elucidative mono- 
graphs. Everywhere attention is turning towards the 
country school, which has been neglected in behalf of 
the city school for a half-century. 

First and most exhaustive of these Bulletins, pre- 
pared under the direction of the energetic and able 
Commissioner, Dr. P. P. Claxton, is entitled History 
of Public School Education in Arkansas (Bulletin. 
1912; No. 27) [1 is the work of Dr. Stephen B. 
Weeks, Class of '86, of the Bureau of Education, a 
careful, scholarlj account of the movement in behalf of 
popular education in Arkansas. We are told succinctly 
of the origin and growth of the public-school system. 

and definitely informed in regard to the attitude of the 
leaders and representatives of the people toward the 
questions of public education. From 1900 to 1910, the 
value of public school property in Arkansas has in- 
creased from $2,500,000.00 to $7,000,000.00, the school 
term from 77.4 days to 106.5 days (113 in 1911) ; the 
number of teachers from 7,000 to more than 9,500; the 
average number of pupils per teacher has been reduced 
from /2 to 60 ; the average monthly salary of teachers 
has risen from $32 to $56 per school month, and the 
average salary per school year has been raised to $294. 

$ * $ 3|C $ 

Another interesting contribution, this time having to 
do with the rural school problem, is Training Courses 
for Rural Teachers (Bulletin, 1913; No. 2), by A. C. 
Monahan, of the Bureau of Education, and Robert H. 
Wright, Class of 1897, President of the East Caro- 
lina Teachers Training School at Greenville. In a care- 
ful study of the status of rural education in the United 
States today (Bulletin No. 8: 1913), Mr. Monahan 
says: "Attention is now turning toward the neglected 
schools of the open country. An attempt is being made 
to redirect their work by the addition to the curricu- 
lum, but the redirection must be more fundamental. 
The institution, more than the curriculum, needs redi- 
rection. Reform must begin with the management. 
No extended progress is possible unless the school 
affairs are wisely administered." These and allied 
problems are discussed by Mr. Monahan and by Mr. 
Wright in the bulletin first cited. The bulletin repre- 
sents an "intelligent attempt to adjust the courses of 
study and training in the normal schools to meet the 
special need of teachers in schools of the open coun- 
try, villages, and small towns.'' The distinction is 
clearly drawn between the requirements of the teacher 
of the urban from the teacher of the rural school ; and 
it is made plain that the rural teacher should thor- 
oughly acquaint himself with such questions of funda- 
mental importance as population; social, economic, and 
educational conditions and facilities ; and also relig- 
ious conditions and activities. The subjects treated in 
different divisions of the bulletin are: Courses in 
State and Normal Schools; Work in Sociological or 
Other Clubs for the Study of Country Life Problems : 
Model Rural Schools; County Training Schools of 
Wisconsin; Teacher Training in High Schools. 

^ ^k 2|i i^C ^C 

Xo more interesting or su^estive topic in regard to 

10I development, has come to my attention in a long 

time, than "Cultivating the School Grounds in Wake 



County, North Carolina" (Bulletin, 1912; No. 28), by 
Zebulon Judd, Class of 1903, Superintendent of Public 
Instruction in Wake County. Mr. Judd's creative sug- 
gestions and actual achievements in this field have 
caught the attention of the national public interested 
in school development. This monograph is eminently 
practical in its suggestions, describing what is meant 
by a "school farm," how it is organized, how the land 
is worked, what is planted, what its purpose, etc. Says 
Air. Judd: "The rural school, non-sectarian, non-po- 
litical, with its building and library and playground, 
should be a common rendezvous. Here, under general 
direction of teacher or some chosen head, children, 
youth, men and women should find restful and help- 
ful recreation. In addition to the more formal school 
work, there should be a definite but easy plan for put- 
ting before the community interesting information on 
current topics, and of conducting a course of study 
with a direct bearing upon domestic and industrial life. 
The school farm was conceived to engage the instincts 
and impulses — human forces — which may be em- 
ployed through the larger uses of the school plant. Tt 
was designed to aid the school in giving to the men and 
women of the community the opportunity, not to ex- 
plore new fields, but to find new beauties and new 
values in the fields where lived their fathers and where 
they were born." The movement is growing, beyond 
doubt. In 1909, nine farms made $1,152.16; in 1910, 
eleven farms, $1,021.21 ; and in 1911, fourteen farms, 
$1,150.20. In 191 1 the number of persons working 
on these farms reached the maximum, 2,136. Several 
other counties in the State have adopted the school- 
farm idea. The State Agricultural Society now offers 
each year three prizes, of $25, $15, and $10, respec- 
tively, for the exhibit at the State Pair by public 
schools showing the best methods of teaching agricul- 
ture. Particular experiments are described in detail. 
and the bulletin is most happily illustrated with inter- 
esting photographs. The author elaborates the pur- 
poses of the school-farm under the headings : A Means 
of Increasing the School Revenue; A Means of Sociali- 
zation; A Means of Teaching; An Aid to Consolida- 
tion. Tn conclusion, the author points out succinctly 
the methods for improving the system, and the lines 
for further development of the school-farm. 

Tn a day which marks the opening of (he Peabody 
School of Education at this University, it is inspiring 
to see the work now in progress by University of North 
Carolina alumni, in educational lines, and especially the 
zealous interest betrayed in the welfare of the country 
child. The time is rapidly coming when the rural 

school shall furnish unexampled and adequate facilities 
for the education of the child born and raised in the 
country — a consummation devoutly to be wished, both 
in North Carolina and the X at ion at large. 

—A. H. 

Peabody Hall 
Simple and dignified in its lines, the new Peabod) 
Building, a picture of which is carried on the cover of 
this issue, is a distinct addition to the University 
campus. It stands on the large lot beyond Commons 
Hall, recently acquired by the University. The lot has 
been leveled and seeded, and the stone fence separating 
it from the street removed, giving an open space which 
will form a beautiful lawn. 

The building is a two-story structure, finished in 
white brick, ample in size for the demands which will 
be made on it for some time to come. The first floor 
contains an auditorium which will scat three hundred 
people, a departmental library room, educational 
museum, two office suites, and two large class-rooms. 
On the second floor are two suites and seven 
looms, one of which will be used for a psychological 
and educational laboratory, the others for class rooms. 

The woodwork is stained throughout in dark oak. 
the ceilings are of wood, and the floors of rift pine. 
The building is heated by a separate system. All the 
rooms are well lighted and ventilated, and the building 
as a whole is well adapted to the use to which it will 
be put. 

Tt is hoped to build later on the same lot a model 
school building, which will serve as a practice school 
for the department of education. Vmple room for 
such a school and proper playground space still remain. 

Dr. Holmes Talks Interestingly About Mines and the Canal 

Dr. Joseph \. Holmes, formerly Professor of Geol- 
ogy in the University, and State Geologisl of North 

Carolina, and now Director of the United States 
Bureau of Mines, delivered two very interesting and 
instructive lectures before the University on the nights 
of \pril 17 and 18. 

Thursday night. Dr. Holmes gave an open lecture 
before the Klisha Mitchell Scientific Society, on the 
Rescue Work of the Bureau of Mines, and Friday 
night he lectured to the faculty and student body on 
the Panama Canal. Roth lectures were illustrated by 
moving picture slides. Tn this way Dr. Holmes showed 
in the first lecture the greal importance of the mining 
industry — ranking as it does along with agriculture — 
the vast mineral resources of the United States, the 

"' ( 


enormous amount of waste — both raw material and 
human life — in the operation of these mines, and the 
splendid work the Bureau of Mines is doing towards 
bettering this condition by seeking to check the ex- 
ploitation of natural resources, and by studying 
methods of preventing the enormous toll of human 
lives thai the industry annually exacts. 

In the second lecture Dr. Holmes described with 
the aid of his pictures the progress that the govern- 
ment has made in constructing the Canal. He told 
of the work formerly done by the French, the diffi- 
culty of the task presented to the United States on 
ount of the sanitary conditions in Panama, the 
method of building the Gatun dam, and of digging the 
Culebra cut. After he had concluded his lecture on 
the canal. Dr. Holmes showed some views of other 
gigantic pieces of engineering work that are being 
accomplished in other parts of the country. 

Monograms Awarded 
At a recent meeting of the Student Athletic Council, 
basket-ball stars were awarded to Chambers. Tibet t. 
and Carrington. Monograms were awarded to Mebane, 
Long, and Redmon. 

At the same meeting the matter of awarding mono- 
grams to the gymnasium men came up. It was decided 
to award these, although the gym men had not had a 
meet as is required by the rules of the Athletic Council 
before they may be considered for monograms. Their 
failure to comply with this rule was due to the fact that 
the team tried to obtain meets, but owing to the few 
similar teams in this section, and to a scarcity of 
finances, they could not. Cognizance was also taken 
by the council of the failure of the gym team to have 
present as judges at their tryout the Athletic Directors, 
as required. 

^ F. W. Morrison, Peyton Smith, L. L. Shamburger, 
E. J. [.illy. Jr., and C. L. Isley were awarded gymnas- 
ium monograms. 

The American State University 
(President S. E. Mezes, of the University of Texas) 

The American State University of today is a new 
development in educational history. The university of 
the middle ages, originally a creation of the church 
for the training of the clergy, gradually assumed the 
task of training the members of other learned profes- 
sions as well. This work, illumined by the ideal of a 
search for truth for its own sake, is "still almost the 
only concern of the universities of Europe. Natur- 
ally, the colleges of America imitated the models of the 

mother country, and the American university, late born 
in fact though not in name, followed their example. 
But within the last half-century, or perhaps even within 
the last twenty-five years, there has arisen a new con- 
ception of the university as the head of the educational 
system of a whole people, not of a caste or class. The 
change is profound. The old ideals are not thrown 
away: the lawyer, the doctor, the teacher, may secure 
from the State university of today a wider and a 
sounder training than ever in the past, and the most 
precious fruit of ambition and research is still the dis- 
covery of new truth. But to the work of the past is 
added now the training of leaders in almost all the lines 
of human activity. Ezra Cornell is said to have hoped 
that the new institution he was founding might be a 
place where anybody, man or woman, might learn to 
do anything that was worth doing. Out of the train- 
ing of students in manifold pursuits on the campus 
came the notion that the university should carry its 
teaching to the eager among the people at home who 
could not lay aside their occupations for exclusive 
study. To this noble conception was added the ideal 
of offering to the people the benefits of the skill, 
knowledge, and power accumulated in the faculty and 
buildings and collections f the university. The uni- 
versity should be in full truth the head of the State's 
educational system, not merely in the training ot 
citizens, not merely in the direction but in drawing out 
the good that is in the commonwealth as a whole, in 
the people, in all the people first, and in the land too, 
with the aim ever to band down to posterity a nobler 
people and a land better fitted to live in. 

Incomes of College Men 
The Yale Alumni Weekly presented in an earlv 
number of the year figures showing the average in- 
comes of 184 graduates of the Yale class of '06, t88 
of the Sheffield class of '06. and 155 of the Princeton 
class of '01, for the five years after graduation, with 
the figures for the Princeton class continued for the 
ten years after graduation. They are reprinted below . 
in the order just mentioned: 

First - vcar • $ 740.14 $ 683.85 $ 706.44 

S( '" n ' 1 068.80 898.39 902.39 

l hhd - vear - 1.286.01 r ,25 1,198.94 

Fourth >' ear ■■ 1,522.98 1.6R6.14 1,651.15 

Flfth - vt ' ar T.885.31 2.040.04 2,039.42 

The Princeton figures for the years from the sixth 
to the tenth after graduation, inclusive, continu. 



Sixth year ...-$2,408.30 

Seventh year 2,382.33 

Eighth year 2,709.37 

Ninth year 3.221.89 

Tenth year 3.803.58 


Prof. N. W. Walker attended the Conference for Educa- 
tion in the South at Richmond, in April. The North Carolina 
High School Bulletin, of which he is editor, contained in the 
issue for April editorial comments and the following articles 
by him: "New School Legislation," "The Conference for 
Education in the South." The Bulletin carried as a supple- 
ment, prepared by Professor Walker, the official announce- 
ment of the approaching summer school. 

Dr. Charles Lee Raper was elected on Tuesday, May 6, as 
a member of the Board of Aldermen of Chapel Hill. Dr. C. 
H. Herty has held a similar position in the town administra- 
tion for the past four years. 

Dean E. K. Graham was one of the speakers before the 
Association of Southern College Women, in Richmond, in 
April, and spoke on The Higher Education of Women. While 
in Richmond he attended the meetings of the Conference for 
Education in the South. On May 5 he delivered the com- 
mencement address of the Gastonia City Schools. 

Dr. George Howe, of the Department of Latin, who has 
been abroad on leave of absence, has returned to the Uni- 
versity. He will serve as a member of the faculty in the Uni- 
versity Summer School. 

Prof. M. C. S. Noble has lately been reappointed by Gov. 
Craig as a member of the North Carolina Historical Com- 
mission, of which R. D. W. Connor, '99, is Secretary. 

Dr. L. R- Wilson attended the annual meeting of the North 
Carolina Library Commission, of which he was re-elected 
Chairman, on May 13, in Raleigh. 

At the recent meeting of the North Carolina Academy of 
Science, held at the State Normal, in Greensboro, the Uni- 
versity was represented by the following members of the 
faculty, alumni, and student body: H. V. Wilson, W. C. 
Coker, J. H. Pratt, W. C. George, C. H. Herty, W. L. Jeffries, 
and Collier Cobb. 

Dr. H. W. Chase has been away from the Hill delivering 
commencement addresses at Jackson, Clayton, and Atlantic. 
He attended the Conference for Education in the South, at 

The Harvard Club of North Carolina gave its annual dinner 
in Durham, on Thursday, the twenty-seventh of March. Dr. 
Wheeler was re-elected Secretary. Professors Wheeler and 
Cross and Messrs. Parker and Bacot were in attendance. Pro- 
fessor Royster was a guest of the Club. 

Prof. Collier Cobb spoke before the Y. M. C. A. of Wake 
Forest College in late April. 

Dean M. C. S. Noble, of the School of Education, attended 
the Conference for Education in the South, in Richmond, ami 
has filled a number of engagements as commencement speaker 
at various points in North Carolina. 

Dr. Joseph Hyde Pratt, Slate Geologist, attended the Na- 
tional Drainage Congress, in St. Louis, Mo., April 10 to 12. 

President Venable attended the meeting of the American 
Philosophical Society, in Philadelphia, in April. 

The manuscript of a new work, European Dramatists, deal 
ing with August Strindberg, Henrik Ibsen, Granville Barker, 
and other modern figures, lias recently been turned in by Dr. 
Archibald Henderson to his publishers. Dr. Hendei 
tributed the leading article in the April number of the 
South Atlantic Quarterly, on the subject, "Literature and 

Prof. M. H. Stacy delivered educational addresses at Swan 
Quarter, Piedmont, and Roland during April and May. 
also participated in t lie good roads campaigns in the counties 
of Davidson and Stanly. 

Dr. T. P. Cross, of the Department of English, has 
elected to a professorship in the Department of English in the 
University of Chicago. He will begin his work at Chi 
next Fall. 

The following public engagements have called Dr. C. L. 
Raper away from the Hill during April and May: April 16, 
an address before the Conference on Education in the South, 
at Richmond, Va., on "Taxation — the Effectiveness and Justice 
of Government in the Southern States;" April 17 and 18, ad- 
dress before the Conference on Taxation in the South, at 
Richmond, Va., on "An Effective Assessment System, and Re- 
form in Assessment in the Southern States;" April 20. Com- 
mencement address before the Rich Square State High School, 
on "Co-operative Marketing for a Cotton Community:" May 
8, Commencement address before the Stoneville .State High 
School, on "Co-operative Marketing for a Tobacco Commun- 
ity;" May 9, Commencement address before the Lexin 
Schools, on "The Tasks and Ideals of an Industrial Com- 


The representatives from the Senior Class chosen to con 
for the Mangum Medal at Commencement are J. T. Busby, 
W. G. Harry, Guy B. Phillips, and H. C. Petteway. 

The new building for the Bank of Chapel Hill, and the new 
Kluttz store building, are ready for occupancy. Together with 
the new Eubanks Drug Company building they present a verj 
fine appearance on the site once owned by Miss Belle Hutchins. 

The Leonidas Polk Chapter of the I' ' Con 

fedcracy, of Chapel Hill, entertained the Confederate Veter 
ans at dinner on May 10. Prof. W. S. Bernard delivered the 

The Ball Managers for 1913 are: I. R. Williams, chief. 
Walter Stokes, M. T. Spears, Robert Strange, F. H. Kennedy, 
Frank Drew, and Lenoir Chambers, assistants. 

The Sigma Upsilon (literary) Fraternity, of which the old 
Odd Number Club is a chapter, has initiated George W 
Eutsler, W. G. Guthrie, and Lowrey Axle) 

At a recent meeting of the Athletic Association, H. C. Long, 
Jr., of Charlotte, was elected manager of the 1914 basket h.ill 
•run II erved as assistant manager dining tl 
and was a member of the ton team. (V \ Mebane and W I 1 
Pruden, Jr., were elected assistant managers. The associa 
lion unanimously endorsed the plan started by the greater 
council, E01 .1 compulsory athletic fie from ever) student 
in the University, to be paid the bursar at registration. The 

1 66 


plan will be submitted to the faculty and to the Board of 

Student officers of the Y. M. C. V have been elected for the 
next year as follows: President, J. E. Holmes; vice-presi- 
dent, H. S. Willis: secretary, R. C. Spencer: treasurer, J. A. 
1 lolmes. 

The University Sermon for April was preached on the nine- 
teenth, by Rev. R. C. Craven, of Trinity Methodist Church. 
Durham, X. C. 

John Hall Manning represented the local chapter of the 
Zela Psi fraternity at the recent convention in Boston. 

Robert Strange, Jr., has been initiated into the Senior Order 
of the Golden Fleece. 

Elections in the Societies for the coming year are as fol- 
lows: Phi— Yackety Tack, S. W. Whiting. Editor-in-chief, 
K. C. Royall, W. P. Fuller, Tom Boushall, Assistant-: Maga- 
zine, P.. D. Applewhite, Editor-in-chief. W. P. Fuller, J. L. 
Bryan, C. A. Boseman, Assistants; J. E. Turlington, Philip 
Woolcott, Assistant Business Managers. Di — Yackety Yack, 
J. T. Pritchett. Business Manager; T. I. Jones, George Holton, 
J. A. Holmes, Assistant Editors; Magazine, George Eutsler, 
Speight Beam, T. C. Linn, Assistant Editors. 

The Tnter-Collegiate Debating Union Committee for 1913-14, 
which has in charge Carolina's interests in inter-collegiate de- 
hating, is composed as follows: J. T. Pritchett, chairman, H. 
S. Willis, G. A. Martin, S. W. Whiting, E. S. Peel, and T. C. 

At a meeting of the General Athletic Association held Tues 
day night. May 6, the following officers were elected for next 
year: M. T. Spears, president of the association; B. D. Ap- 
plewhite, vice-president ; J. T. Pritchett. secretary. Carl Tay- 
lor was elected manager of the baseball team, with R. F. 
Little and E. J. Lilly as assistants. George Whitaker was 
elected manager of the track team, with Tom Gilman and 
Dennis Lee as assistants. Lenoir Chambers was elected editor- 
in-chief of the Tar Heel, and W. P. Fuller got the managing 
editor's job. The associate editors elected are T. C. Linn, G. 
A. Mebane, J. S. Cansler, S. W. Whiting, and W. G. Guthrie. 
The business end of the Tar Heel will he looked after by L. R. 
Johnston, business manager, and B. L. Field and C. E. Erwin. 
assistants. Oscar Leach was elected representative-at-large 
on the Athletic Council. 

The Commencement debate between the Dialectic and Phil- 
anthropic Societies will be on the query. "Resolved. That 
those decisions of the courts declaring unconstitutional 
legislation passed by State legislative bodies should he subject 
to recall by the voters of the State in question." The Di has 
the affirmative. Tt is represented by F. L. Webster and J. F. 
Holmes. E. S. Peel and S. W. Whiting represent the Phi. 
The debate will be held Tuesday night, June 3. 

The annual Fresh-Soph Debate, held in Gerrard Hall, 
Wednesday, April 30, was won by the Phi Society debaters, 
H. G. Hudson, '16 and Wade Kornegy, '15. The losing Di 
men were J. O. Dysart, '16, and Graves Martin, '15. The 
query was, "Resolved, That government interference in the 
affairs of corporations should not go beyond requirement 
of full publicity in the transactions of the corporations." 

Eubanks Drug Company, for a dozen years located in the 
building next Mrs: Tankersley's residence, has moved into its 

new building on the site of the Hutchins property. Wallace 
Patterson, formerly of the firm of Patterson Brothers, Drug- 
gists, will occupy the building vacated by the Eubanks Drug 
Company. The store formerly in the charge of Patterson 
Brothers will be run in the future by N. G. L. Patterson 
& Son. 

The Marshals for Commencement are: J. T. Pritchett, 
chief, P. C. Darden. T. A. DeYane. B. D. Applewhite, L. R. 
Johnston, F. D. Conroy, and M. R. Dunnagan, assistants. 


Dr. H. L. Smith, for many years President of Davidson 
College, was formally inaugurated President of Washington 
and Lee University on Wednesday, May 7- 

President Geo. E. Vincent, of the University of Minnesota, 
is chief speaker on a university train which proposes to carry 
the university to the people. 

An attempt is being made to determine how much time Har- 
vard College students devote to study and other college activi 
ties. For this purpose, three hundred seniors and juniors, 
selected so as to represent as far as possible the different in- 
terests of the undergraduates, have been asked to fill out 
blanks stating the amount of time given to study, meals, idle- 
ness, exercise, amusements, sleep, etc. The hope is that some 
real information may be obtained from this canvass. 

Here are some figures that will indicate bow Princeton men 
return to alumni reunions of their classes. At the last com- 
mencement the classes which reported percentages of their 
members in attendance, were as follows: Class of '62, 44 per 
cent ; class of '82. 58 per cent; class of 'R~, 39 per cent; class 
of '92, 56 per cent; class of '07, 45 per cent; class of '02, 45 
per cent; class of '05, 29 per cent; class of '07, 15 per cent; 
class of '09, 48 per cent ; class of '11, 46 per cent. 

The University of Virginia Alumni News and the Alcalde, 
an alumni publication of the University of Texas, have been 
established since March I. 

In California, the alumni of Stanford University are rais- 
ing an Alumni Endowment Fund of $250,000. The income 
from this fund is to be devoted entirely to the support of the 
Alumni Association. Each graduating class for the next ten 
years is to be asked to contribute $1,000 to the fund. 

Washington and Lee University, through the will of Robert 
P. Doremus, a New York banker, will receive the magnificent 
gift of $2,000,000. probably the largest single gift ever made to 
a Southern institution of learning. 

The University of Wisconsin is making the following re- 
quest of the legislature of Wisconsin for the years beginning 
July, 1913, and July, 1914: From the special tax. 1913-1914, 
$1,118,880; for 1914-1915, $1,174,824; for increases in salary. 
10131914. $175,000; for 1914-1915, $225,000; for buildings for 
the two years, $600,000 — for agriculture, $88,000; for engineer- 
ing, $65,000; medical building, $200,000: drill hall, $75,000; 
heating plant, $20,000; student dormitories, $500,000, and $250,- 
000 each for the years 1015-1916 and 1916 1977. University 
extension, 1913-1914, $150,000; and for 1914-1915. $150,000. 
Agricultural development, 1913-1914, $40,000; and for 1014 

1915, $40,000. Land purchase, 1014 1015, $50,000; and for 1915- 

1916, $50,000. The total amount of appropriations requested 
for the biennium by the University of Wisconsin is $5,021,704. 




of tha 

W. S. BERNARD, 'oo, Alumni Editor 

Officers of the Association 

Julian S. Carr, '66 President 

Walter Murphy, '92 Secretary 

Members of the Council 

Term expires 1913: Robert Bingham, '57; Hayden 
Clement, '02; W. J. Andrews, '91; J. C. B. Ehringhaus, '01; 
A. S. Barnard, '93. 

Term expires 1914: D. B. Teague, '10; J. K. Wilson, 
'05; P. D. Gold, '98; T. D. Warren, '91-'93; J. O. Carr, '95. 

Term expires 1915: J. Y. Joyner, '81; R. H. Sykes, '95- 
'97; George Stephens, *96; W. H. Swift, '01; W. S. Ber- 
nard, '00. 

Officers of the Council 

Robert Bingham, '57 Chairman 

Walter Murphy, '92 Secretary 

J. Y. Joyner. '81 Treasurer 


Alamance County B. S. W. Dameron, Secretary 

Anson County J. E. Hart, Secretary 

Bertie County Francis Gillam, Secretary 

Buncombe County L. M. Bourne, Secretary 

Cabarrus County J. W. Cannon, Jr., Secretary 

Caldwell County E. C. RufHn, Secretary 

Catawba County.... B. B. Blackwelder, Secretary 

Chatham County I. S. London, Secretary 

Craven County Wm. Dunn, Jr., Secretary 

Cumberland County C. G. Rose, Secretary 

Davidson County J. F. Spruill, Secretary 

Durham County James S. Manning, Jr., Secretary 

Edgecombe County — 

Tarboro George Howard, Secretary 

Rocky Mount R. M. Wilson, Secretary 

Forsyth County J. A. Gray, Jr., Secretary 

Granville County F. M. Pinnix, Secretary 

Guilford County^ 

Greensboro Marmaduke Robins, Secretary 

High Point T. J. Gold, Secretary 

Henderson County Louis Hesterley, Secretary 

Iredell County A. C. Kerley, Secretary 

Johnston County H. P. Stevens, Secretary 

Lenoir County E. M. Land, Secretary 

Lincoln County K. B. Nixon, Secretary 

Martin County H. A. Biggs, Secretary 

Mecklenburg County Paul C. Whitlock, Secretary 

New Hanover County Louis Goodman, Secretary 

Orange County— 

Hillsboro S. P. Lockhart, Secretary 

Chapel Hill P. H. Winston, Secretary 

Pasquotank and Perquimans Counties.. J. K. Wilson, Sec. 

Pitt County A. T. Moore, Secretary 

Randolph County H. B. Hiatt, Secretary 

Robeson County Hamilton McMillan, Secretary 

Rowan County A. T. Allen, Secretary 

Richmond County H. C. Dockery, Secretary 

Sampson County L. C. Kerr, Secretary 

Surry County D. C. Absher, Secretary 

Union County J. C. M. Vann, Secretary 

Wake County J. B. Cheshire, Jr., Secretary 

Wayne County S. F. Teague, Secretary 

Wilson County F. C. Archer, Secretary 

Atlanta, Ga T. B. Higdon, Secretary 

Birmingham, Ala W. H. Oldham, Secretary 

New York, N. Y F. A. Gudger, Secretary 

Norfolk, Va G. B. Berkely, Secretary 

It is the purpose of this department not only to publish 
all timely facts of interest about alumni — changes of residence 
ami occupation, marriages, deaths, meetings, achievements, etc., 
but also to trace alumni of whom the University and their class- 
mates have no record since their leaving college, thus bringing 
the class histories up to date. Therefore items of information 
are solicited from all alumni and their friends, but especially are 
the secretaries of the associations and the secretaries of the classes 
requested to keep the editor informed. Notes on a few alumni 
in each city or county and class contributed every month will lie 
greatly appreciated. 

Class Reunions for Commencement 1913 

The classes scheduled to hold reunions during commence 
nient 1913 are those of 1908, 1903, 1893, [888, 1863, the five , 
ten-, twenty-, twenty-five-, and fifty-year graduates. Members 
of these classes will facilitate preparations for these reunions 
if they will place themselves at once in communication with 
their respective class secretaries, and with W. S. Bernard, 
chairman of Committee on Class Reunions, Chapel Hill, X. C. 

Commencement, 1913 

The program for commencement, June I, 2, 3, and 4. 1913. 
as given by the President's office, is repeated for the conven 
ience of ihose who are planning to attend. 


11.00 a. m. Baccalaureate Sermon, Rev. E. Y. Mullins, 
D.D., LL.D., President of the Southern Baptist Theological 


8.00 p. m. Sermon before the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, Rev. Josiah Sibley. 


9.30 a. m. Seniors form in front -of Memorial Hall ami 
march to Chapel for prayer. 

10.30 a. m. Senior Class-Day exercises in Gerrard Hall. 
Orations by members of the graduating class in the eon!.-.! 
for the Mangttm medal. 

4.00 p. m. Unveiling of the Soldiers' Monument. Address 
by I lis Excellency, Gov. Lock I raig. 

5.30 p. m. Closing exercises of the Senior Class. 

7.30 p. m. Annual joint banquet of the Dialectic and Phil 
antliropic Literary Societies in Commons Mall. 

030 p. m. Anniversarj meetings of the Literary Societies 
in their respecth e I tails. 


10.30 a. m. Alumni Vddress, by the Right Rev. Robert 
Strange, D.D. '70. Bishop of the Diocesi of Eastern North 
Carolina. Class reunion exercises of the classes of 1863, 1888, 
[893, 1003, 1908. 

u.30 p. in. Business meeting of the Alumni Association 

1.30 p. rn. Alumni luncheon, al Commons Mall. 

8.00 ]>. in. .Annual meeting of the Hoard of Trustees, in 
Chemistry Mall. 

1 68 


8.30 p. 111. Annual debate between representatives of the 

Dialectic and Philanthropic Literary Societies. 

10.00 p. m. Reception in the Library by the President and 


10.45 a. in. Academic procession forms in front of Alumni 

[ioo a m. Commencement exercises in Memorial Hall. 
Commencement address, by the Hon. Thomas R. Marshall, 
President of the United States. Announcements by the 
President. Degrees conferred. Presentation of Bibles. Bene- 



Maj. W. A. Graham, State Commissioner of Agriculture, 
has returned from New Orleans, where on last Wednesday he 
was elected president of the Association of Agricultural Com- 
missioners of the Southern States. H. A. Cobb, Commis- 
sioner of Alabama, was elected vice-president, and J. W. New- 
man, of Kentucky, was elected secretary. The association of 
commissioners was formed on Wednesday, when every South- 
ern State was represented in the gathering of commissioners, 
and at which time much enthusiasm was manifested in the 
work as outlined to be done by the association and the pur- 
poses for which it is organized. After the organization the 
commissioners attended the opening of the immigration station 
of the United States on the Mississippi River near New Or- 
leans. It is singular that Major Graham, the president, and 
H. A. Cobb, the vice-president, were classmates at the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, and are both heartily in accord 
witli the purposes of the new organization. 


Your class celebrates its fiiftieth anniversary' this com- 
mencement. Your classmates will be disappointed if you are 
not present. 

Geo. Decatur Pool writes from Elizabeth City that he can- 
not be present at his class reunion at commencement. He is 
seventy one years old. and is County Correspondent of the 
Bureau of Statistics of the United States Department of 


Greensboro, March 19. — The announcement of Dr. S. B. 
Turrentine's selection as president of Greensboro College for 
Women was received this morning with both surprise and 
pleasure by the people of Greensboro, who, during an eighl 
year residence here came to know the new president well. 
There was no previous intimation of the purpose of the trus- 
tees to name Dr. Turrentine, or of Mrs. Robertson's decision 
not to ask a re-election. In the election of Mrs. Robertson 
as president emeritus of the college the trustees adopted reso- 
lutions which expressed the hope that "the young women may 
continue to have the benefit of her cultured life and Chris- 
tian character." 

Dr. Turrentine is well qualified to assume the leadership of 
Greensboro College, one of the oldest for women in the South. 
He graduated with distinction at the University of North 
Carolina with the degree of A. B. in 1884, winning the Greek 

medal and the prize on moral philosophy. Upon finishing a 
post-graduate course in moral philosophy, history, and English 
literature he received the degree of A. M. from the same in- 
stitution. Other educational training was a theological course 
in Vanderbilt University and a correspondence course in He- 
brew in Yale and Chicago Universities. The degree of D. D. 
was conferred by Trinity College. He was at one time super- 
intendent of Union Literary Academy, Chatham County, and 
also superintendent of an institute at Cartersville, Ga. At one 
time he filled the chair of Hebrew and New Testament Greek 
at Trinity. 

In the Western North Carolina conference his first charge 
was the King's Mountain circuit, and since then he has served 
at Winston, Charlotte, and Greensboro, as presiding elder of 
the Greensboro district, and at the last conference was given 
the Shelby district. His resignation from that charge will be 
effective June 1. — News and Observer. 


Ex-Superintendent J. S. Mann, of Hyde, who guided the 
penitentiary to undenied success in the years from [901 to 1009. 
was chosen again last night in the meeting of the prison board 
—News and Observer, March 22. 


Elizabeth City, Nov. 26— Rev C. F. Smith, rector of Christ 
Church (Episcopal), has tendered his resignation to the vestry 
of the church, and will leave the city in a short time to enter 
upon the pastorate of Grace Memorial Church in Lynchburg. 
Mr. Smith has been rector of Christ Church for the past six 
years. He has had a most successful pastorate, and the affairs 
of the church have greatly prospered under his ministration. 
He has been a leader in every movement for the moral up- 
building of the city, and his departure from the city is keenly 
regretted by the people, irrespective of denomination. — News 
and Observer. 


It is a quarter of a century since you received your diploma. 
Come back and join the boys of '88 in a splendid reunion. 

Governor Craig has appointed John Sprunl Hill, banker and 
ness man of Durham, the North Carolina member of the 
American commission for the study of the application of the 
co-operative system of agricultural production, distribution, and 
finances in European countries. Under the direction of the 
Southern Commercial Congress, this subject was made a 
national question at its last April meeting, and one or more 
representatives from each State in the Union will go. Sir 
Horace Plunkett will co-operate with David Lubin in map- 
ping out the itinerary, and the party leaves New York Ainu 
26, on the Saxonia, spending seventy days on land. The 
countries visited will be Italy, Hungary. Germany, Austria, 
Denmark, Sweden, Holland, Belgium, France, and Ireland. 
The big social event of the visit will be the reception tendered 
the commission in Rome, attended by the king and queen. 
The systems of rural credits examined will be the Faffeisen. 
Schultze-Delitsche, and Landschaften. Mr. Hill will pay his 
own way. The trip isn't inexpensive by any means. The least 
that a traveler may spend is about $1,200. Throughout North 
Carolina, various organizations had begun to pledge their 
treasuries to small amounts to defray a d 
but Mr. Hill's generosity will make this unnecessary. 




J. Volney Lewis is Professor of Geology and Mineralogy in 
Rutgers College. He has recently published a book which 
bears the title, '.'Determinative Mineralogy: With Tables." 

Dr. Charles S. Mangum, Professor of Anatomy of the 
University of North Carolina, was officially notified recently 
of his selection as president of the General Alumni Associa- 
tion of Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia. This high 
honor, conferred upon Dr. Mangum by one of the foremost 
medical colleges of the country, is a due recognition of his 
services in the medical world and of his loyalty to his alma 
mater. He is a faithful alumnus of Jefferson, and it was only 
last year that he made the commencement address. 


Mr. Leonard Charles Van Noppen, translator of Vondel's 
Lucifer, and a poet on his own account, has undertaken to serve 
for ten years as Queen Wilhelmina Professor of Dutch History 
and Literature in Columbia University. The professorship 
which he will hold is in part endowed by the Dutch govern- 
ment, and is said to have greatly interested the queen after 
whom it is named. Though a Hollander by birth, Mr. Van 
Noppen was reared in this State. His career as historian and 
writer will be followed with much interest by his fellow 

Speaker George W. Connor, of Wilson, has been appointed 
judge of the Superior Court by Governor Craig. The 
counties which comprise this, the second district, are Wash- 
ington, Edgecombe, Martin, Nash, and Wilson. Mr. Connor 
has thus one of the most desirable of all the districts, for his 
solicitor will never have trouble in an election. This district 
has allotted to it thirty- seven weeks of court, though, of 
course, this does not affect the new judge, who must travel 
the entire circuit of twenty districts. Mr. Connor's appoint- 
ment was generally expected. He is the son of a great jurist 
and lawyer, and his administration as speaker of the House 
of Representatives was not only wise but brilliant. He is a 
splendid lawyer, is a young man in physical power, and one 
of undoubted wisdom. His appointment will receive favor all 
over North Carolina. He is the son of Hon. H. G. Connor, 
of the United States District Court, and entirely worthy a 
great sire. "Judge" George Connor's service will begin in 
the summer. 

Howard A. Banks has become private secretary to Secretary 
Daniels, of the United States Navy. He is at his new post of 
duty at the Navy Department. In i8c)i-'cj2 he was Alumni 
Fellow, Instructor in English, and graduate student under Dr. 
Thomas Hume. After leaving the University, he went to the 
Charlotte Observer, under J. P. Caldwell, where he remained 
for eleven years. Mr. Caldwell said repeatedly to the boys 
in the old Observer shop that Mr. Banks was the most finished 
writer in North Carolina. In his service for the Observer 
Mr. Banks was faithful to the policies of the paper as it was 
run by Mr. Caldwell. He was the only man who was ever in 
the Observer office that could mimic Mr. Caldwell. Many 
Banks editorials were taken for Caldwell's pieces. Mr. Banks 
was the one man who could carry on controversies started by 
Mr. Caldwell without getting "The Old Man" in a hole. Mr. 
Banks is married. His wife was Miss Delia Torrence, a 
daughter of Capt. Richard A. Torrence, of Charlotte. In 1807 
Mr. Banks came to Washington to represent the Observer. 

Cicero Harris had been the representative before that time. 
Mr. Caldwell could not do without the services of Mr. Banks 
at home. Soon the two were together, turning out one of the 
finest editorial pages in the South. — II. E. C. Bryant in News 
and Observer. 

Walter Murphy has been appointed Private Secretary to 
W. 11. Osborne, Commissioner of Internal Revenue. 

You haven't been off the Hill as long as the heroes of '63, 
but you will find a welcome around the old well. Make your 
reunion the reunion of the year. 

Salisbury, April 18. — In the longest and one of the closest 
primaries in the city's history, W. II. Woodson, Law 
'98-'99, a young attorney, was nominated for mayor, defeating 
Ins opponent, D. L. Gaskill, a business man, by a majority of 
seventeen. Nomination is equivalent to election. One thou 
sand and eighty-one votes were cast. 

The Commissioner of Education has designated Paul T. 
Cheek as teacher for the government school in the islands of 
Samoa. He will sail from San Francisco May 6. Mr. Cheek 
is a North Carolina University man and an A.B. of < 
town University. Mr. Cheek was a student in the University 
in r8o2-'Q3, i8o5-'a8, and Law ioo2-'o3. 


Washington, D. C, April 9. — The announcement has been 
made of the engagement of Miss Bessie M. Draper, daughter 
of Representative and Mrs. William II. Draper, of Troy, N. Y . 
to Dr. George M. Ruffin, of this city. The date for the wed 
ding has not been set. Dr. Ruffin is a native of North Caro 
Una and a student of the University l8o4-'o7. lie has two 
brothers here, Dr. Sterling Ruffin and Dr. Thomas II. Ruffin. 
Miss Draper is very popular. — News and Observer. 

J. E. Latta. Secretary 
In the Senate chamber, at the hearing of the bill to forbid 
children and women working in the cotton mills at night, one 
of the best arguments made in favor of that bill was bj Mi 
Julian S. Carr, Jr., of Durham. Mr. Carr is the I ■ 
large corporation that owns and operates a number of knitting 
mills. The industry of which he is manager has mills in a 
half dozen or more towns in North Carolina, and is oni 
the biggest knitting concerns in the world. Mr. Carr has 
faith in the State to believe that supervision and regulation 
will be wise and will be valuable, not only to the women and 
children, but to the mill owners as well, lie is of a new gen 
eration of captains of industry, who recognize thai you can 
nol put new wine into old bottles, and that great concerns 
thai employ women and children musl recognize thai the 
Stale has a duty to perform. Me understands thai the best 
service thi manufacturers can render is in the most earnesl 
co-operation with the State in performing its duty. Mr. C 
speech made a profound impression upon the committee and all 
who heard him, and in making it he manifested .1 spit 
independence and conviction thai cannol be too highly com 
mended He did not agree in full with the bill, and at the 
(lose of Ins speech presented a bill which he thoughl em 
bodied the necessary legislation News and Obser, 




W. S. Bernard, Acting Secretary, Chapel Hill, N. C. 

A. J. Barwick, ex-Mayor of Newton, has gone to Raleigh 
to practice law and is preparing to open his office. Mr. Bar- 
wick was with the State Hoard of Education several years, 
and taught school between graduation and receiving his 
license to practice. 

Thomas I). Rice, a North Carolina boy who for a number 
oi years has been connected with the bureau of soils, depart- 
ment of agriculture, as soil expert, has been appointed an in- 
spector in the same bureau. Mr. Rice, who is a graduate of 
University of North Carolina, has performed soil survey work 
in every section of the country, and has written a number of 
publications on soil survey work. 


F. B. Rankin, Secretary, Greensboro, N. C. 

The following is from the pen of Sewell Ford, contributed to 
tin- A ezvs and Observer: 

Jacksonville, Fla., March 14.— In a hot, rather noisy hall, 
with windows open on two busy streets, one hundred earnest 
men and women attended the opening session of the ninth 
annual child labor conference here. Delegates from nearly 
every State in the Union were present. Some of the mere 
spectators, local residents, or idle tourists who had dropped 
in because they were mildly interested were having a rather 
prosy time of it until there came to the platform a husky, 
broad-shouldered, somewhat slouchily dressed young man, with 
fresh color in his cheeks and a combative gleam in his wide 
set eyes, lie was introduced as W. H. Swift, from the moun- 
tains of North Carolina. 

Who is Swift? 

The people who had come to hear Dr. Felix Adler were 
disappointed. They knew nothing about this man Swift. But 
they know him now. They'll not forget him soon, either. 
Swift, of North Carolina, didn't talk theories or present ab- 
stract ideas. He gave them facts straight from the shoulder. 
He was loaded for bear, Mr. Swift was. He was the only 
local agent of the Child Labor Commission of his district, 
lie has been trying for several years to keep the mountain 
children out of the cotton mills, and it has been no easy job. 
Recently someone published a book, the purport of which 
was to prove that a mountaineer's family in a mill town was 
much better off, financially, physically, and morally, than in 
their rude mountain shacks. Swift proceeded to disagree with 
this idea. 

Bom in One-Room Cabin 

"I'll tell you why," he said, hammering the desk with a big 
fist. "I was' born in a one-room mountain cabin. I've lived 
the life. I've sat down to meals of nothing but cornmeal and 
milk. I was one of ten children, and we lived on 
one of those poor mountain farms. But we are all alive and 
well today. Most of us are living fairly decently, too. Now, 
if my father had put us into a cotton mill as soon as we got 
to be ten or twelve, would we be what we are now? 

"I have three boys of my own. I've lived for six years next 
door to the best cotton mill in my Slate. In a few years my 
boys will be old enough to earn 75 cents a day by working 
from 5.30 o'clock in the morning until 6.30 each night. 

"But I want to tell you that before I'll put those boys of 
mine in that mill I will take them back to the mountains, 
build me a shack cabin, and plow a brindle steer on the ivy 
bluffs, and pick berries to help live. And what I think is 
ffood for my boys I'm going to fight for for the other fellow's 
boys." The conference cheered wildly at these sentiments of 
Mr. Swift's and he seemed extremely surprised. 

"Medical Inspection in the Schools," by Dr. Aldert Root, and 
"Mormonism," by Mrs. J. T. Fleming, were the addresses 
which attracted a large number of the members of the 
Woman's Club to the meeting place, at Raleigh, March 20. 
Mrs. M. B. Terrell, chairman of the educational committee, 
presided, and Mrs. Edward E. Britton read the minutes. 
Doctor Root was then introduced, and gave a very delightful 
account of the work that is being done in the schools by way 
of inspection. He spoke first of the importance of it, showed 
how wealth and progress are dependent upon the health of 
the country. He read an exceedingly interesting paper on the 
work of noted physicians of New York and Philadelphia, and 
told of the work in foreign countries, those which were first 
to grasp the idea of medical examination. He gave the rea- 
sons for these examinations. He said thousands of children 
are rendered helpless because of some physical defect, and that 
twenty-five per cent, of the American children are suffering 
from some defect which might often be checked if treated in 
time. Contagious diseases could be slopped, he said, and 
others would be protected. He said this work had been intro- 
duced in the Raleigh schools and had done good. Fourteen 
hundred children have been helped. He commended those 
who had assisted him, and prophesied that there will be yet a 
greater amount done along this line. — News and Observer. 


R. A. Mbrritt, Secretary, Greensboro, N. C. 

Dr. E. P. Gray has been elected superintendent of health 
of Forsyth County to succeed Dr. John Bynum. 

The class of '02 is the standard bearer of the Anti Race 
Suicide League; it has produced babies to the astonishing 
number of sixty. Under the family name of Exum are noted 
six; Burgess, bmr; Brown, Champion, Ford, Jonas, McGhee, 
and Winston, three each ; while the pairs and singles are too 
numerous for mention in a brief notice. 

Rev. George P. Stevens, A.B. '02, A.M. '02, is a missionary 
in Lucien, China. He was in the famine district last year and 
did much to relieve sufferers. Mr. Stevens prepared for the 
ministry at the Princeton Theological Seminary and Louisville 
Presbyterian Seminary in I903-'oS. In 1008 he resigned his 
pastorate of the Presbyterian Church at Marshville, N. C, to 
go to the foreign field. 


N. W. Walkkr, Secretary, Chapel Hill, N. C. 

It is true you are mighty hard at work at the things which 
are to tell in your life, but it will do you good to come back 
and fellowship with the boys. It's your second reunion 

The following is taken from the Columbia (S. C.) State of 
March 30, and will be read with interest throughout North 
Carolina, where the groom to-be is so well and favorably 
known— being a member of the law firm of Woodard & 
Hassell: "Chief Justice and Mrs. Eugene B. Gary, of Abbe 
ville, S. C, announce the engagement of their daughter. 



Blanche, to Frank S. Hassell, of Wilson, the marriage to take 
place early in June." 

Wilmington, April II. — A beautiful wedding, of much in- 
terest not only in Wilmington but throughout the State, was 
solemnized at St. James' Episcopal church at 6.30 o'clock last 
evening, when Miss Helen Strange became the bride of Mr. 
Burke M. Bridgers, a prominent young business man and 
a member of the Wilmington bar. The ceremony was per- 
formed by the father of the bride, Rt. Rev. Robert Strange, 
Bishop of the Diocese of East Carolina. — Nezvs and Observer, 

Frank Smathers is a judge in Atlantic City. He has been 
an ardent supporter of Woodrow Wilson since the President 
-ntered public life. 

Greenville, March 21. — Postmaster Roy C. Flanagan, who 
has served most acceptably here for nine years, being first ap- 
pointed by President Roosevelt, today wired his resignation 
to President Wilson, asking that it take effect March 31. He 
will engage in real estate business, and resigns the postofnee 
for that purpose. Mr. Flanagan received his degree of LLB. 
from Georgetown the same year he completed his legal studies 
in the University of North Carolina. 

Mr. James J. Britt, former Third Assistant Postmaster- 
General, and Mr. Charles French Toms, former State Solicitor ; 
announce that they have formed a partnership for the general 
practice of law, and have opened offices in Temple Court, 
Asheville, N. C, 

T. F. Hickerson, Secretary, Chapel Hill, N. C. 

Kinston, April 15. — Fred I. Sutton received a majority over 
H. C. V. Peebles and L. A. Cobb in the primary election here 
today for mayor. He carried every ward in the city. The 
new mayor is a lawyer and secretary of the Chamber of Com- 
merce. He is a graduate of the University of North Carolina 
and Harvard Law School, and is well known in society circles 
all over the State. He is twenty-six years of age. 

Alf. W. Haywood is a member of Squadron A, New York's 
leading calvary organization. He obtained a high rating in the 
squadron's recent marksmanship contest. 

John W. Hester will probably be editor-in-chief of the Gran- 
ville Enterprise, "a weekly paper soon to be established in 
Oxford." The paper will be published by a community stock 

Charlotte, April 3. — A wedding of unusual impressivenesi 
was solemnized Wednesday evening at 8 o'clock, when Miss 
Elizabeth Lacy Chambers, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph 
Lenoir Chambers, was united in marriage to Mr. Lawrence 
Shackleford Holt, Jr., of Norfolk, the marriage vows being 
given at the home of the bride's parents on Tenth Avenue. 
by Rev. John L. Caldwell, president of the Presbyterian Col- 
lege. — Ncivs and Observer. 

L. B. Lockhart has recently established an office and 
laboratory in Atlanta, Ga., for work as analytical chemist. 
His address is 35^2 Auburn Avenue. 


J. K. Wilson, Secretary, Elizabeth City, N. C. 

Wilson, April 3. — A beautiful marriage ceremony was per 
formed in this city last evening, at St. Timothy's Episcopal 
Church, by Rev. B. S. Bronson, of Warrenton — the contract- 

ing parties being Mr. Alvis Patterson and Miss Xeinana 
Roberts. The bride is the pretty step-daughter <>f Mr. R <*>. 
Briggs. The groom is the senior member of the Patterson 
Drug Company, who numbers his friends and admirers by 
the score. The large number who witnessed the ceremony 
attest the popularity of the bride and groom. Mr. and Mrs. 
Patterson left on the midnight train for New York and other 
points of interest. Mr. Patterson is a graduate in Pharmacy 
in 1005. 

Miss Isabelle Gibbs Simmons, daughter of Senator and Mis. 
Furnifold McD. Simmons, and Dr. Joseph Flanner 1' 
were married on the evening of April 16, at six o'clock, in 
Christ Church, Newhern, N. C. Mr. Patterson was a student 
in the University in iooi-'o2, Academic Department, and '02 
in Medical Department. 

C. L. Weil, Secretary, Greensboro, N. C. 

Dr. H. L. .Sloan, of Clinton, has accepted the position as 
field agent of the Rockefeller Hookworm Commission in 
North Carolina. He will be stationed in one of the county 
campaigns. Dr. Sloan is a graduate of the University of 
North Carolina and the medical school of the University of 

Hampden Hill, S.B. '07, S.M. '1 1, has accepted a position 
as manager of a large fruit farm in the Coachella Valley, 
to be developed by Los Angeles capital. His address is still 
Thermal, Cal. 

Julian K. Warren, Law '07, is practicing law at Trenton, 
N. C. 


Jas. A. Gray, Jr., Secretary, Winston Salem. N. C. 

S. R. Logan is president of the Flathead Stock Growers' 
Association of Arlee. Mont. He was manager of a ranch in 
Stevensville, Mont., the first year after graduating, and became 
(elected or appointed?) State Water Commissioner in 1009. 
From 1909 to 1912 he was proprietor of a horse ranch. 

Manlius Orr is engaged in the Dye Stuff business in Char- 
lotte, N. C. He was for a while chemist for the Southern 
Cotton Oil Company, of Charlotte, and from 1009 to 191 1 
Assistant State Chemist, Division of Oil Inspection. 

J. B. Palmer held an instructorship in Latin in the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina in 1908 -'no : was elected principal of 
the graded schools of Reidsville, N. C. : became a graduate 
student in Columbia University, N. Y, in 1010; and is now 
an instructor in the Digit Schools of Warrenton. \ T . C. 

Marmadukc Robins is a member of the insurance firm of 
Miller, Robins & Weil, Local and General Agents. Greens 
boro, N. C. Tn 1908 and 1909 he was with the Southern Life 
and Trust Company, and afterwards assistant secretary of 
tin North Carolina Trust Company. In ion, he was with 
Miller & Mebane, General fnsurance. 

L. M. Ross is Assistant City Engineer for Charlotte, \ T . C., 
which position he has held since 1908. 

O. R. Rand, Jr., won the North Carolina Rhodes Scholar- 
ship for 1908 and following, lie was assigned to Oriel 
lege, graduating • July 8, 1911, with the B.A, degree, in the 
Honor School of Jurisprudence. Tn 191 1 Mr. Rand was 
assistant professor of Latin in the University of Alabama. 



Since he lias been and is now professor of Latin in the Sidney 
Lanier High School, Montgomery, Ala. 

Luthei Preston Matthews issues a card stating that he has 
withdrawn from the firm of Bragg & Matthews, and will con- 
tinue the practice of law at 1206-7 National Bank of Com- 
merce Building, Norfolk. Ya. 

I-'.. W. Lcary, ex-'o8, Law '11, is engaged in the practice 
• law in Atlanta. Ga., 1004-1007 Atlanta National Bank 

Munro Gapdy. Secretary, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

Miss Mary Polk McGehee, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George 
Med hee, of Chapel Hill, N. C, and Mr. John Grover Beard, 
Instructor in Pharmacy in the L T niversify. were married in 
the Chapel of the Cross, April 29. 

Tail '"id. April I. — The engagement of Miss Louise Wilson, 
of Valdosta, Ga., to Mr. Sam Nash Clark, of Tarboro, was 
announced a few days ago at a luncheon given by Miss Wi'son 
at her home in Georgia. The marriage will take place April 
23, and will Ik. very quiet on account of illness in the bride's 


\Y. 11. Ramsacr. Secretary. 2631 Wharton Street, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Nixon B. Plummer. who has been connected for some time 
with The Daily News (Greensboro, N. C), as reporter and 
city editor, "becomes the head of the city department. Air. 
Plummer is a highly capable young man, and well fitted to 
meet the requirements of the department." 

Samuel Lee Coopersmith, who thus transliterates his name 
( Kuperschmidt), writes that he has received his master's 
degree from the LTniversity of Nebraska, Kansas, and is at 
present employed in bacteriological work in the Bureau of 
Chemistry, Washington, D. C. 

Since the Summer of last year J. X. Joyner has been at 
Shanghai. China, serving the British-American Tobacco Com- 
pany, with which company he had previously held positions at 
I >xford, Durham, and Richmond, Va. The year following his 
graduation he taught in the high school at Elizabeth City. 


I. C. MosER, Secretary, Oak Ridge, N. C. 
Windsor. April 5.— One of the prettieM weddings of the 
early spring took place last Wednesday morning, at 8.30 o'clock, 
when Miss Sallie Lyon became the bride of Lewis Thompson, 
of Woodville. Mr. Burges Urquhart, of Woodville, was best 
man. Miss Maud Gurley played the wedding march. Just 
before the bridal party entered, "You" was sung by Mrs. C. I. 
Sawyer and Mr. A. C. Mitchell. Miss Lyon, a former student 
of Peace Institute, is a young woman of attractive charms. 
The numerous and handsome presents attest the popularity of 
both. Mr. Thompson is the oldest son of the late William 
Clark Thompson and his wife, who was Miss Virginia Grif- 
fin, and has a host of friends with whom he is very popular. 
J. P. (Jere) Zollicofrer is junior member of the firm of 
V C. & J. P. Zollicoffer, Attorneys and Counsellors-at-Law, 
I lenderson, N. C. 

Mr. W. L. Small, who has completed a course in the Law 
School of Columbia University, has returned to his home in 

Elizabeth City, and will open a law office there in the near 
future. He is considered a very bright and promising young 
attorney, with a brilliant future before him. 

"General" Raymond Lee, baseball pitcher par excellence, 
spent Sunday in Chapel Hill with friends. The "General" 
was on his way from Stetson University in Florida, where he 
has been studying law this winter, to Winston-Salem, where 
he will report to his discoverer and former Coach, manager 
Clancy, of the Twins, for the season's work in the Carolina 
League. He saw Carolina beat Virginia in Greensboro Mon- 

William T. Joyner is still connected wrth the Department 
of Mathematics of the Woodberry Forest School (Virginia.) 
He is planning to enter the Harvard Law School in the fall 
of 1913. 

Alex. J. Field, Jr., 'n, has been appointed assistant chemist 
at the Agricultural Experiment Station in Raleigh. Since 
graduating with high honors he has taught in the Raleigh 
High Schools and the Salem Academy. 


C. E. Norman, Secretary, Concord, N. C. 
The appointment of L. P. McLcndon. Law 'i9ii-'i2, as dis- 
trict grand master for the fifth district of the Kappa Sigma 
fraternity, and the annual banquet, were the closing features 
of the annual conclave in session in Raleigh. More than sixty 
members of the fraternity from North and South Carolina were 
in attendance. The appointment of Mr. Mcl.endon. formerly 
manager of the A. and M. football team, and now graduate 
manager of athletics at the State University, was made by 
the supreme executive council of the fraternity. 

Marvin Ritch. Ex. '11, who for the past eighteen months has 
successfully held the position of secretary to Congressman 
Wei ib. has resigned to accept a position with Senator John 11. 
Bankhead, of Alabama, who is chairman of the senati com 
mittee on postoffice and postroads. It is understood a young 
man by the name of Flank will he made secretary t.> Mr Webb. 



Mr. Thomas Crawford Leak, Sr., died April 2$, at 11.30 
o'clock, after an illness of only a few days. He had been in 
failing health for several years, and during the past few 
months had grown very feeble. Had he lived until Friday, 
May j. he would have been eighty two years of 

Mr. Leak belonged to a family which has been prominent 
in the Pee Dee section since Colonial days, and has given 
to the service of the State many honored and worthy sons. 
Thomas Crawford Leak was born at Rockingham, May 2. 
[831, and was the only child of Col. James Picket! Leak and 
Jane Wall Crawford. After graduating from the State I'm 
versity in the Class of 1853 he returned to his home, where in 
January, 1855. he was married to Miss Martha Poythress Wall, 
.laughter of Mial Wall, and sister of the late Henry Cla\ 
W all of Richmond County, a lady known throughout this 
tion for her gracious manner and the beauty and sweett 
of her character. 



At the close of the Civil War, after his farms had been 
pillaged and plundered by Sherman's raiders, and his slaves 
freed, Mr. Leak with his characteristic sound business judg- 
ment invested largely in cotton mills, and with his cousins, 
the late Robert L. and Col. Walter L. Steele, became a pioneer 
in the manufacture of cotton fabrics in the State. In 1874. the 
Pee Dee Manufacturing Company was organized, and a little 
later the Roberdel Manufacturing Company, both of which 
corporations operate two mills. These were followed by 
other similar enterprises, among them being the Leak, Wall & 
McRae Mill, the Bank of Pee Dee, and the Richmond County 
Savings Bank, of which Mr. Leak was president until his 
retirement from business a few years ago. All of these cor- 
porations have been remarkably successful from their incep- 
tion, and are monuments to the business sagacity of their or- 

Mr. Leak was a lifelong Democrat and, while he never cared 
for public office, always took an active interest in party affairs, 
and exerted a wide influence in this section in promoting the 
cause of good government. 

He was a great hunter from early boyhood, and a famous 
shot, and much of his life was spent in the open air following 
his favorite pastime. In his last year, even when too feeble 
to take the field, he clung to his guns, his fox hounds and his 
setters, and was rarely seen without his hunting whistle hang- 
ing from the lapel of his coat. 

There was united in bis life the best elements of the New 
and the Old South — modern industrial leadership in happy 
combination with the 'gracious manner, the kindly spirit, the 
generous hospitality, and the innate chivalry of the ante- 
bellum planter. Time whitened his hair and bowed his figure, 
but it could not change the sweetness and the generousness of 
his nature, and so he grew old gracefully on the soil of his 
father, surrounded by the love and care of the seven sons 
whom he had reared to lives of honor and usefulness. 


Sidney Smith died at his home, Dallas, Tex., on March 13, 
1912, of pneumonia. Mr. Smith left the University in '59 to 
enter the armies of the Confederacy. He became Lieutenant 
in the First Missouri Cavalry. Since 1886 he has been Sec- 
retary and General Manager of the Texas State Fair. 

I >r. Mark Bennett Pitt died at his home in Edgecombe 
County. Dr. Pitt was a member of the General Assembly 01 
1909 and 1911. He was a very useful representative, and was 
looked upon as one of the wise men of the body. Doctor 
Pitt was seventy years old, and was one of the Confederates 
who received his diploma at the University fifty years after 
he went to the war. It was at the commencement of 191 1 thai 
Woodrow Wilson spoke, and the old boys were given their 
sheepskins. He was one of them. He was a substantial 
farmer as well as a successful physician, and one of the most 
useful men in his county. He was three times married, and 
leaves a wife and several children. 

Salisbury, January 22. — Dr. I. H. Foust of this city died 
suddenly last nigkt about ten o'clock, at his home on South 

Main Street. His death was caused by heart failure. He 
was one of the best-known citizens of Salisbury, and was 
sixty four years of age, having practiced his profession for 
many years in the community. 

Mr. Foust was born in Randolph County, and was edu- 
cated at the University of North Carolina. He is sun 
by a wife and daughter, Mrs. \V. ,M. Cook of this city. A 
brother of the deceased lives in Texas. 

The funeral will be held Thursday afternoon, at three 
o'clock, from the Presbyterian Church, of which Doctor Foust 
was a loyal member. Services will be conducted by Dr. 
Byron Clark, and interment will be made in Chestnut Hill 
Cemetery. — Charlotte Observer. 

James W. Forbis, clerk of the Superior Court for Guilford 
County and holder of many high places of public trust during 
a long and useful life died at his home in Greensboro, March 
0, at 7 o'clock. Mr. Forbis was stricken two weeks ago with 
an acute attack of indigestion and this, with complications, 
was the cause of his death. For ten days he has lingered be- 
tween life and death and his remarkable vitality and fighting 
spirit has been the subject of much comment by those who 
have been near him during this time. 

Mr. Forbis was elected clerk of the court a little more than 
two years ago for a term of four years. The campaign was 
one of the hardest and warmest ever staged in this county 
and his election over two strong and popular opponents, was 
one of the greatest itributes paid him by the people of Guil- 
ford. For the two and a half years which he has held the 
office Mr. Forbis was not absent a single day until stricken, and 
the fatal illness came upon him while at his desk. 

The deceased was about sixty years of age, and was a 
native of Guilford County. In 1881 he was admitted to the 
bar after graduation at the State University and a short term 
of practice with Dillard & Dillard. He practiced in Greens- 
boro for fourteen years, taking an active part in public affairs 
from the time of his admission to the bar. In 1883 be wenl 
to the Legislature from Guilford, and was returned several 
times in later years. For several years during the eighties 
he was mayor of Greensboro. Later he was comity treasurer. 
and under Cleveland's administration he sen istmaster. 

He was also identified in the mercantile life of this city and 

Besides the widow, four children survive. They are: Mrs 
Wade Stockard, Misses Margaret and Ruth forbis. all of this 
city, and Arthur forbis, of Kansas City, Mo. Several brothers 
and a large family connection reside in the county. 

James Daniel llai/lip. 1. 1.. I'.. '83, died m Sherman, I 
May to, ioi_\ 

Charles Watts Smedes, son of the late Rev. John E C. 
Smedes and n< phi w of the late Dr. Albert Smedes, both of 
whom lived in Raleigh, died at ten o'clock Saturday night, 
January 24. at his late home, "The Melrose," on Clifton Street, 
Washington, D. C, after an illness of many years. The 



funeral was conducted at eleven o'clock on the morning of 
the twenty-seventh from Christ Church, Raleigh, N. C„ and 
the interment was in Oakwood Cemetery. 

Mr. Smedes was fifty years of age, and was born in Lou- 
isiana. He came to Raleigh iii [872 wiili his father, who 
for a long time and until his death was rector of St. Mary's 
School. Mr. Smedes graduated from the University of North 
Carolina in 1883, and later studied law and graduated from 
Columbia University. He never practiced his profession, but 
accepted a position with the government. 

On account of his health, Mr. Smedes moved to Denver. 
Col., about twenty years ago, and remained there until a 
year ago, when he became worse and returned to his home 
in Washington. During all his long illness Mr. Smedes exhib- 
ited remarkable fortitude, and never allowed loved ones and 
friends to lose hope of his recovery. He was always cheer- 
ful, and his never-failing courage won the admiration of all 
who came in contact with him. 

Soon after obtaining his license to practice law Mr. Smedes 
married Miss Otis, daughter of the late General Otis, for- 
mer surgeon-general of the United States Army. He is sur- 
vived by her, three sisters, and one brother. They are Mrs. 
A. W Knox, of Raleigh ; Mrs. J. S. Holmes, of Chapel Hill ; 
Miss Henrietta Smedes, of Washington, D. C. ; Evert Bancker 
Smedes, of Washington, D. C. 

The body arrived in Raleigh the morning of the twenty- 
seventh, and was taken to Christ Church, where it remained 
until the time of the funeral services. The services 

were conducted by Rev. Milton A. Barber, pastor 
of the church, assisted by Rev. I. McK. Pittenger, 
pastor of the Church of the Good Shepherd. A large number 
of old friends of the deceased attended the services, after 
which the body was borne to its last resting place in beau 
tiful Oakwood. The pallbearers were: Dr. Kemp P. Battle, 
Hugh Morson, Robert C. Strong, Joseph Cheshire, Jr , George 
Little, John Calvert, and Dr. William Moncure. — News and 
Observer, January 28. 

Peter Evans Hines, '82-'83, died in Los Angeles, Cal., on 
May 22, 1912. 


Henry Eugene Riggs died June 17, 1012. 


We regret very much to hear of the death of Mr. Philip 
Burch, son of Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Burch, which occurred 
several weeks ago at his home at Rowland. Mr. Burch was 
born and reared in Chapel Hill. He spent three years at the 
University, and had to give up his studies on account of ill 
health. This would have been his graduating year. He was 
an excellent young man, sturdy", of good habits, and was 
highly esteemed by the people of Chapel Hill. The remains 
were interred at Rowland. The parents have the dee] 
heartfelt sympathy of their many friends in Chapel Hill. — 
Chapel II ill News. 



If on the first day of January, 1913, you lived in 
one of the States named below, your neighbor was a 
patron of this bank. 




District of Columbia 













New York 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

North Carolina 





Rhode Island 

South Carolina 




West Virginia 


Paving four per cent, on time deposits, serving in 
every capacity in the handling of your checking account 
and in trust or investment matters, we want you to 
follow the example of your neighbor, and use this 
strong bank. 


CAPITAL, $1,250,000.00 



The University of North Carolina 
Published by the Literary Societies and Fraternities 

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His Speech 

He's becoming eloquent. Must be proclaim- 
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With each package of Fatima you gel a 
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some felt pennant— Colleges, Universities and 
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